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The District Ledger Feb 8, 1908

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Array V
The   Official   Organ   of  District   No.   IS,   U. 31. W. of A.
YOI-. Ill  NO. 24
EERNiEy 33. C., February 8, 1908
quiet auisbon
New Government formed—Manuel II Addresses His
Ministers.
' Lisbon, Feb. 6.—Premier Franco
has relinquished power and a committee has been forme- with Admiral Ferreire d'Amaril as,its president in the place of the late dictator. This step signalized the
practical withdrawal ,of Franco
from, power. He agreed to this
measure,as one calculated,to pacify public opinion where only a,
spark was needed to drag it headlong into revolution., It is believed that Franco willr be "the
man° of power',' but his officials
are at least shorn of real power.„
The opening was held today.
King Manuel II." appeared before
his ministers ■ and with a voice vibrant with emotion said:
"I am- yet'without experience
either in sovereighty or in politics. I place "myself entirely in
your hands,1, believing in your
patriotism',and wisdom."
The new cabinet is made-up of a
coalition of'elements in the hope
of reconciling the many disturbing elements. Some of the new
ministers have been notably 1 opposed to the iron rule. Not one
of the Franco ministers remains
in office,'- so that his'regime disappears with him.,      <      .    " \ ,' ,
The notable changes are those of
the president.-arid!minister of jus-"
tice, the latter, Senir Alpoim,
■I avirig ,, been foremost ih 'opposition to'.the Franco regime. The
city is still in the throes of --intense excitement and the authori-
■ ties continue to,follow unceasingly the details of the plot which
culminated in the assassination of
_Jhe_kin <rland.l heir.. Thp._n ewsn n nor.
notices say- that one of the regicides who. was killed was a Spaniard who' was taken ■ in custody recently in connection with the discovery of bombs, but was later
released. Of the men now under
arrest one is an Italian who, played in the orchestra at Lisbon. This
man,is in an extreme condition of
hysteria, His food in the prison
is served him without knives . or
forks for fear that he will kill
himself.
After the list of new, cabinet of.
ficers was given out, it was. announced that these' selections were
not final and that changes were
possible.
Portugal today saw, the establishment of a new regime. Premier,
Franco has resigned • office and
within forty-eight hours of the assassination of.King Carlos, his
distatorshijD. is at an end, at least
for the present. Franco resigned
for fear> that his continuance ■ ■ in
office would plunge the country into rebellion. '
DUNSMUIR MAY
BE fORCE
OUT
CONVENTION DELEGATE
DIES AT HOTEL
The, remains of Thomas Davis,
president of Subdistrict No. 6„
of Ohio, and delegate to the convention of the United Mine Workers of America, were sent to
Byersville, 0., his home, Monday
morning. Davies died of pneumonia at the Onieday hotel, Saturday
evening. The body was accompanied to Byersville by George
Cecil and Percy Tetlow, members
of the national executive board,
and four delegates from Distrirt
No. 6. Davies was not well when
he' arrived' in, Indianapolis. Mrs.
Davies came. to Indianapolis Saturday night. Davies was a member of the Knights of Pythias, the
Odd Fellows and Elks.
GOOD SAMARITANS.
Vancouver, B. C. Feb, 3.—Important steps will be taken within the next few days in the effort
to cause the removal' from office
of Lieutenant Governor Dunsmuir.
The liberals have joined the socialists in the provincial legislature and on-Monday will ask the
house, now sitting at Victoria, to
petition the'dominion government
to' remove Dunsmuir.
, The Victoria Colonist, the oldest newspaper in British Columbia, formerly owned by Dunsmuir,
is , demanding that the" lieutenant
governor,step down. In a speech
-in. the house, Representative'Ha w-
thornwaite declared that if ' the
legislature or the; dominion government, does ,-not exclude the orientals, laborers will arm themselves, as the Japanese have done at
Vancouver "and,-that, a great con-
i,fiict-rnay.rbe-expectedf--i—r^—-	
The Ladies' Benevolent Society
of Fernie have added one more
forward and philanthropic move
to their number in the bringing
to Fernie' of a Victorian Order
Trained nurse. The object of this
move on the part or the Ladies is
to ■ have a thoroughly up-to-date
and trained nurse for people who
cannot (either through lack of
accommodation, or scarcity 'of
money) keep a nurse at their
home. This nurse will be available to »all who wish her services
at the following rate: daily calls
50 cents per visit, confinement
case $2,- operations • $2. ■ and
will „ act as J a • district nurse.
It is not .the intention of • the
ladies to infringe on the practice of the present resident nurses
but they felt that, a district.nurse
-was a necessity, and their act.in'
bringing this nurse here, is highly
commendable, and, should receive
the hearty. " co-operation of, the
public;' ' The nurse can be found
at Mr.. Grants', and should be
'CriiieuTthrough~th"e~doct"oK—'—!—"
!""f>.' u'-TtiT'l-t?"C£-«*v.*kr,tv--vSVV^ -.v-.z-^Vorr, ,. ;„;_
 • -   *    .     . .,, ,, i™
Kootenay Fruit Lands
w
HY
■' +
♦
not buy a ten or twenty-acre fruit farm which.-.viil yield von
from $300.00 to, $600.00 profit per acre per year ? Situated in'th.e:
■'> .X_O^IEJK*:   ABEGV"; - LJe^KZE-. ■
District with a most delightful climate and splendid shipping- facilities. *'• '  •
We pay purchaser's
inspection.
expenses to'look over, our, land.'' -il>staiuls
v
♦
*
Mass of Evidence to Support
'; Theory.
' Poughkeepsie, 1ST. Y.; Feb. 6.--A
brief observation of the mental
condition of Harry K. Thaw now
confined' in Mattewan State hospital for. the criminal.insane, was
held by Dr. Allen W,. Ferris, president, of the New York State Lunacy Commission, who came down
from Albany, and Dr. Lamb, superintendent of the institution. The
examination was of a preliminary
character.'„ Thaw and the physicians talked casually together for
about half an hour. After the examination. Dr. Ferriss -said" it was
too early^to give an opinion. "on
Thaw's mental condition. He returned to"Albany tonight in company with, Dr, Lamb. The "examination was interrupted by a visit of Evelyn Nesbitt Thaw . and
Daniel " O'Reilly Thaw's counsel,
who came up from Hew York today.        '■ " '" '        '      '      _
It was Mrs.'Thaw's first visit to-
her husband since his .arrival at
the hospital. She appeared much
depressed . over the situation, in
which her husband finds himself
among the insane. , .
Mrs. Thaw and Lawyer 0'H.eilly
returned to "New York tonight".
, Mrs. Thaw and counsel spent
oyer an "-'hour with' Thaw, after
which they visited the" various de-
' Mrs.'Thaw-'said:. "I will not see
Harry again until Wednesday. He
told me. not to come up tomorrow
for he thought the trip' tiresome,
-and the .things which I. had seen
today 'would he too much ior me
to   make"''the'   "t:ip. "Mrs William
Th.mv is    -m-iaViip tn come-,as—yet -
but, will j accompany me , on Wednesday, j Why   the    colors  on the
"wall are'even depressing.
=   "I found'Harry doing nicely and
satisfied -with   the   food he    was
getting,' but I do not think a man
of his sanity should be thrown  in
with these peopla."
.Alienists Evans and Jolieffe retained ]by ., ■ ,the   • Thaw-' «■ family,
held ' ■■■' several   . conferences ■ with
Thaw - j during     the'. day.     It   is
believed-, b/Jte that unless' Thaw is
discharged  through  the  co-operation of the state.authorities .within a few, y/eoks habeas .Corpus proceedings "will  lie instituted in tho
■Supreme court, here.   '"
;   That Mrs; Thaw does not expect
tho  immediate , discharge    of her
husband is, indicated by  her   en-
• ftagement for two week'of .a room
Id  a     hotel   at Fiaktiill Landing,
where she will be only a short din.
t.-xneo  fvgm Mattewan.
y*'.-- ?/"}' ■<^^<
BIG  SPECIAL
All
and  Purs
Crow's" Nesfii
'Pass
nvestmeD-ji. ■ Co,,   Lfcd,
Lethbridge,    Alberta
AN iHPOM CASE
vmvBxwutWMimt/mmttmMMnmitmtnii
Ht*T-KWl_sr_*U|
^♦♦♦♦♦***********^^
For   One   Week   Only
•See'What This-Means to Ybu
Any  $
.00
-/-.--jv/-
Coat  orJ Fur  for"
u
S 3.35
.<
15.00
10.00
Last chance of the
Season.   Buy Now
The   Trites-
'Wood'
CO.,
Limited
Itov.   I.   W.   W
OUR CRITIC AGAIN SAYS
THAT that large dog, which he
thinks is owned by ' Mr.
Ooulthardt should either be
chained up or shot. It is a very
vicious brute, and has bitton two
or three pobplo lately, who were
merely passing tho houso, and
not looking-at'the brute., It lis
dangorous for children as' woll,
* •   *
THAT he is glad to see that the
Fernio Bpiird ofaTra«la rtally.haa
come forth, and hopes-it' will' hot
hib-arnatt ajrain. Now that it is
out is should get good and busy
to keep warm anyway, what it
cannot do, we will.
THAT the True Weatherby, the
true True Weatherby writes that
his is not the name that report
had to the commission of a crime
in Nova Scotia.
THAT the Jap that was suppos*
«d to have been, drowned at New
Westminster will likely "bob-up
soranely" when least expeoted.
Wily Japs,
«'i   m    » i-
THAT the story about S. 8. 0.
reminds him of the fellow who
went fishing and brought home
four. When they went to cook
them they were stale. He had
.,. bought them. '
* *   •
THAT any one that does not
like the look of our "Office" stove
pipes ean have the job of shifting
them. We are too busy for such
uplifting work. "•
* •   •
THAT sines the thaw, he has
noticed more drunks on the street
than usual, Must be thawing
them  out too.
»   •   •
ers had a threo day's strike, with
a possibility of other mines being
tied up, also. He would like to
inform .somo of those . "fake"
news vendors that. there, was NO
STRIKE callod. The men simply
wont home until some matters
wero adjustod, tho aamo thing as
children going home because thoro
was no heat.. Ho hardly thinks
thoy could call' that' a striko.
.//THAT it. is .now up to the poo*
plo to patronize the Fernie* Steam
Laundry, and cut the Chinks out,
Stop our money from being sent
to,,China, ■
1   ' ■' ■■ •   »   •
THAT any   time    we say there
will be a' thaw, there WILL be »
thaw.    Did it not oomef
*   *   •
THAT T, T. is, going to play a
huge joke on the people. He says
he will not state definitely when
the paper will come out. Just keep
them guessing, and finally spring
the paper. °
GATHERED IN A JlOlilli   j
Vancouver, E. C, Feb. 7.--T, I.
Graham, formorly editor of the
Victoria Timos and Vancouver
World, diod in London, Eng.
• Vancouver, Fob. -7.—It i» officially announced that tho> shinglo
manufactures have mrido a> cut
of. 25 cents - per thousand in
shingles.       ,
* * • ■      j
, Tangier, Feb. 7.—Despatches
from the interior state that ten
thousand Moors were slain in , a
battle with the Trench expedition*
ary force.  ,
* * •
Prince Albert, Bask,, Feb. 7.—
An Indian who arrived in the city
yosterday, reports that Jaok
Unger a resident ot this place,
has been devoured by wolves near
Kennel Lake, north of here.
THAT the Fernie correspondent
to the Nelnon News wants a shalto
u,p' ,,rhe ,dea of •"•marking about
the "extreme cold," ---• -- **--
nie, too
and at Fer«
* * *
Winnipeg, Feb. 7.—Frank Drew.
an     insurance    agent,  attempted
suicide     last   night in the hotel
Vivian by shooting; himsolf in the
head.   He is still alive but there
is very little hope cf V.s recover"*.
Before     shootine;   himself     Drew
Following are the Customs r*.! wrote two brief notes in both of
turns for the month of January' which he stated that he intended
at_the output of Fernie, ' making away with himself.
• ♦♦
Windsor, Ont. Feb. 7.-While in
iU.k-.al'.. cu.a.1   ^t*Uk__y,  And-
-O-
Free Ooods Imported 81,444 00 '
Dutable Goods Import»d, ijIFfl,.'
4RO.OO.
Duty Collected,  91fl,37d.40.
 0  1
Ottawa, Feb.     6.--Adelard BoL ' drill^ueTToT borrn"g'inTo"diseased
rew Bowlby, one of Windsor's best
known cltleens. swallowed a small
lE?*!Pi.. lV«n-,COmp?ny'. on, Sftt*' t0  b«  In  hl«  -tomaeh.      Doctors
^tJe1 shopP?ok JhSS.n°f On8"?"!,Ufty Uit *•*"• *° loe^« **'
way home with the scissors In his',    _.    , °
waistcoat pocket, be slipped and i    Don *    iorget    that   the Fernie
Ml.    Th* ffifiinrf p(*,rocd hfo hmrt   Wtcam T.nunnry will op*n on Winn-
' nnd he difd instantly. A five-year.   c,s-y-   We will   giv**  a  full  report
! THAT he was very much amus* (old child of the deceased was kill. ( *>*  their    outfit next  l*.sue.      See
*d by,** street     car a couple   of ] inelr Ad. on Pape fi.
An action, which' will be watched with somo interest, has been
brought against a firm of Calgary
.teal Estate Agents to sot aside
an Agreement for sale of property situate near Calgary, Tho
Plaintiff alleges that he was approached by the Agents who re-
presented to him that thoy had
valuable property for sale ..within
a mile and a half of Calgary and
that If he purchased the samo
they would guarantee to refund
the mousy, with , interest, unless
tho. property woro re-sold,' within
a certain time.
, It ,i« ' furthermore "claitt'icd ' that
Uio - Ftrnioito understood that ho
was to; get four lots whereas upon reading tho agreement he found
that it, included throe only.' The
purchaser did hot have any ready
monies but' had that which is almost as valuable, vie;, a PoBt
Office Savings Bank Book. This
he handed to the Vendors as security for;the payment of the purchase monies, When the purchaser found that the Agreement men*
tioned three Lots and not four, he
made enquiries concerning other
facts connected with the transac*
tion and found that the property
lies,'so it is said, from six - to
seven miles from the centre of
Calgary and between three and
lour miles from the City limits.
As a great many men, especial.
ly miners, havo been Induced to
buy Beal Estate situate not. only
In Alberta but at dlntent point*
in British Columbia, the progress
ol .hi* case will be closely
followed.
We understand that action is
about to be brought in two eases
relating to the purchase of what
is said to be Vancouver property
liut wl^i., it nn% since been iound
lies a long distance from thot
Citv.
'illiumson' left  for
ITels'on on Thursday.
Sec-Troan. J. A. JMacdonuld v/as
.up from Blairmoro on Thursday.
A. McCool is registered at the
Hume   hotel,  Nchion  this  week,
If you want to be sure of wak-
Ing up in, time these dark, mornings get ono of Liphardt3 alarm
clocks.
President F. H. Shorman, returned to tho city on Thursday,
from attending tho Convention at
Indianapolis.
John Harrington returned from
tho Mino Workers Convention this
week. He was tho delegate representing'the Fernie Local.
A,., E. Liphardt has a very line
selection of loose diamonds which
ho can mount in his own workshop. His [iricos aro right. •,,,
' A concert will be held;at Hosmer on Fobruary the 18, by the
Baptists. A chorus will go from
here to assist in the performance.
Sea Liphardt about that watch
he hus them at any price fl.00
98.50, $2,76, 95,00, fO.fiO and up.
A couple of bad mistakes appeared in our last issue, caused by
carelessness in putting in corrections. We humbly apologise to
all parties concerned.
Mr. and Mrs. Jas, Stevens, Coal
Creek desire to oxpms their
thanks to all friends, who were so
kind during the illness of their
daughter, Minnie, especially to
Dr, Hunter for his skillful treatment and untiring attention
throughout her illness,
go to the Firemen's llclief Society,,
and as it will bo a first class
Ball, should bo patronized by all. •
The tickets can be had from any,
of the Firemen or at the fire hall
and the price, admitting lady and
gentleman Is ?S. Put Miller's full
orchestra will be in attendance.,
Refreshments will be served, Tho
committee have sparod no pains
or - expense to make it a huge sue-,
eoss.
OPENING   ANNOUNCEMENT.
To the people ot Fernio and District:—
Having secured tho promises
formerly occupied by Mr, Fred
Stork off Walmsley utroot, I intend opening up : a iirst-claHS
Plumbing and Heating business, in
all it'j vurioun branches. I havo
been among "you for tho'past ton
months and ,am thereforo not un* '■
known, and from .those who have
any work to be done in, the above
mentioned lines I respectively sol*
icit a, share of patronage which X
will endeavor to merit. Honesty,
Is my policy, and nrst-claw work
my desire. Don't forget tha
Phone number (145), Also ths
time, 15th Fobruary. And now
thanking you in anticipation ot
an early call,
I remain,
H. CABLILE.
AUSPICES OF THE CURLING UUB
RAISULI    GIVES    UP.
It affords us great pleasure   to
„,   . .    . ... announce   the    engagement under
We have received an article   on \ t£vTv-,nW« of +h« OnrUn- Club,
"*',,"m  ■"'"•', Kv "A  *"•""■.»   of"v Mr.'Hobt. Ganthony of Lon-
Socialism  signed by "A  Miner,
We CAiiuol     publish auy of ihc&e
articles unless they are also signed by the writers proper name. On
receipt of the writers' name
the
The
but
ed to see, ;the .various press dls
patches about thf little trouole
tne miners had. Some of the pap-
years
spot.
igo   almost on the    sami 1
ISubHcribo for the District Ledger.
London, Feb. 0.*-The
ment hus received a telegram from |
tho British charge d'affaires at
Tar.|;:.r, to the c.Toct that Ral-ull
the bin:-iit chief, has promised to
bring in Caid Sir Harry McLean
this cvtnlng, exactly seven
months to a day from the time
he was made prisoner by ItaUuli.
article will appear next week
right name need not appear,
m> ior  out  own intbituatioi.,
The committee of the Subscription Fund in aid of the Widow
and orphans of the late John
Shilton desires to thank the Committee of the Burn's Club for so
-«.,»►« generously handing over the pro-
B •!_".' I «*<*« ot the con<-«rt held at Coal
Creek on Friday, Jon 24th also
the ftollflts who so kindly j?ave
Ihfir servkes,
Tho Firemen are giving a Grand
Ball at the Optra house on th»
evening of the 14th (St. Valen*
tine's Day)   The jjroceeds are   to
don, Eng., with hi- specially «•<•
lected company of London artists,
consisting of Miss Haxel Stan-
more, of The Court Theatre, Lon-
don; Miss Dorothy Fairfax, L. B.
A. M., and of the Paris Consorva*
torie of music, distinguished pain-
iste; Miss Hose Manners, an excellent and well-known vocalist,
and Mr, Fred Hewitt, the well-
known instrumentalist, of the
famous European duettists
(Hewitt and Kavi), Mr. O. M.
Andre will peruonally conduct the
tour. , The committee in charge
for the 'Curllnp Club is composed
of the Bev, H. Grant, T. H.
Whelan, and J. H. Marshall, and
everyone should hear these high
class artists. They will be at the
Opera bouse on the SOth of Fib.
7
i/i
V,
i'i^Vt
&*&&£>'   '*'
••***■.
.H, DISTRICT LEDGER,  FERNIE.    B.   C,  FEBRUARY,  8th,  1908.
-^•'^'t-JHi ft^jj. ^'--
'P-l.'tX     . rJ^flgi^
^<^>^^€>^><$>^<$><j>^^^^>«^>^>^>^
We have been handed the' following for publication by one of our'
anxious subscribers.
Mr. Ashplant's open' challenge to
the Directors of , the Canadian
Bank of. Commerce is published
.throughout England and the United States in the March 1906 issue of the "Business Man's Magazine'' Detroit ,U. S. A. on page
142. It also' appeared in" full in
Winnipeg <fVoice" and in the i
London Ont., "Echo" in January
1906.    : ,..,... .
Why don't they face the music?
The following   appeared    in the
•'Echo'
1906.
and yet
M. Smith says that
a glance at a bank statement
will show that only a very small
portion of its assests is in ' the
form of real money."
Does this mean that the bank's
promise, to pay is a case of
flam?"  "-
'"Aim-
of  London,  March  29th,
The insurance investigation proceeds, and now, according to the
Saturday papers, the banks are
to be investigated by a commission. The despatch from Montreal
on Saturday reads:. "Leading financial interests have been advised
that a government investigation
of the chartered banks will follow
the insurance investigation." In
.this connection we might point
out' the fact that the Echo was
the first newspaper to bring ' this
matter to  the public, notice,  in a
-, letter irom )lr, H. B. Ashplant, of
this city, who- has started a cara-
' paign ■ attacking Canadian banking methods. His challenge to one
of the Canadian chartered banks,
.which appeared in the ■ Business
Man's Magazine, is simply a production of the challenge as it appeared originally in the Echo, and
.which has   been .followed    up by
=further 'letters ' since that time.
Another communication upon the
same subject appears in, this is-
su?( whiph will, no doubt, interest every reader-,
■THE    INTRICACIES AND. MYS*'
_j,__JCERRIES_QiLBANKING^	
(By Henry B.  Ashplant) ,
In the Free Press (city) of March
14th, "A. M, Smith," writing un-^
der.the heading, "Money and Cred.
it" referred to the ('intricacies and
mysteries of banking."     As     the
Echo has a larger city circulation
than either of     its daily contemporaries, the writer appreciates its
usefulness as an, educational fac-'
tbry    capable    of    doing a great
work for     our citizens in lending
its powers for good to the service
of public discussion of live and up-
,to-date topics of vital interest to
the    business   men and industrial
workers, who read "every    word
that's in the Echo, looking   with
interest for its weekly appearance.   In    that    connection no subject is of greater importance     to
consider     than that of the close
monopoly     of a     public utility,
known as bank currency, and for
that reason some remarks on   A.
M, Smith's communication to    a
local    paper   will    be   in    order.
Among other things A. M. Smith
says that "money js tho measure
of value,"     That is an old .chest-
nut that has no kernel in it.     It
simply is not true. Money is not
today, and never haw in the past
been, the measure of value, and it
is high timo    that many an old
orthodox lie, (and,this, is one of
them,) that, has been doing duty
for truth, should be relegated to a
museum    of    antique curiosities,
Monty is a medium of exchange,
Xt is in itself a^ commodity, as for
instanee,. (l)goid, (2) silver, (3)
paper, all of these being in them*
selves   commodities,   As   money,
any oneVof these.'three commodi-'
ies may'become,   as indeed   they
do become, a medium of exchange,
These commodities are not, however, measures of value, although
they may express various sums of
value.
If A. M. Smith will care to enter the columns of the Echo to ex*
pose my, economic errors. I shall
be happy tolenrnmor* of truth;
and I would like to learn first, in
what way A. M. Smith can de*
•nrmMrnt" hy •rar.'.plc t__l iu0U.
py rrir.nnur-.r, «*nl*.if, We knc,H,
how a yardstick measures cloth)
we know how a bushel measures
wheat; we know how a scale measures weight;     the writer    would
Where is the gold that the banks
promise to ' pay? - Have they ever
j invested "it in business at all?
Again, A. M. Smith writes ot
the many advantages that, spring
from the' "intricacies and-mysteries of banking." The writer begs
to differ from A. M. Smith.
.' j.™..'
There is no more mystery about
banking tricks than there is mystery about the "confidence" game
at a county fair. It is as clear
•a case of flim-flam-as anything on
the face of earth,. and the bankers
.themselves own up ;tb'at,any time
that confidence,. "peters out," the
game is up.
(1) It is as clear as daylight in
our most' prominent bank statements to see that' the banks only
deposit a security of- five per cent,
with the Government to back "up
the note circulation of 70,000,000
dollars in paper doing duty for
gold in ' Canada—that is better
graft than New York Life Insurance.
(S) It is plain as:daylight to
read in our bank statements that
every dollar of the shareholders'
capital stock is snugly invested in
gilt-edged bonds, "earning revenue
for the same stockholders all the
time,; and, therefore, it is plain
that the banks never have to put
up ten cents on, the dollar in any
kind of money for the 70,000,000,
dollars' worth of bills .payable
they hftVO taken as securities from
,fa.rme5S_and_.business_inen_at_nve.
to seven per- cent, interest in exchange ior the same amount of
paper money they have dumped on
this population of, as the sage of
Chelsea (Thomas Carlyle) might
justly call us, "mostly fools."
The     most dangerous   and dis-
but costs a good deal*time, in
labor expenditure by salaried men
to buy than at former prices.
As  a practical    accountant' and
experienced'  -bjusiness      man,   the
writer is prepared to defend .    the
assertion that the Canadian banking     system   isa more dangerous
enemy to the welfare of the Canadian  people  than   any   other   o£
our publis institutions, and I ask
editorial     courtesy for an "opportunity to call the attention of all
salaried- officials in the public service, and of all1 salaried' men     in
industrial  and  educational  institutions (the larger the salary, the
bigger the interest at stake in this
iss\ie)  also   all wage workers,    to
the damaging effect on their     incomes of an .increased bank note
circulation, if not backed by gold
reserve."      The dishonesty, of the
practice   exposed     in    the United
States Life Insurance is not more
infamous than the practice 'of our
Canadian banking" institutions, or,
more  contemptible  than  the proposition suggested-in above mentioned     ("Financial    Expansion"
and "Banking Facilities") editorials to increase the bank note circulation by issuing notes against
the  reserved  funds  without    gold
backing" in   addition    to    capital
stocks.   '   While a   novice in practicable accounting knows that our
Canadian    Bank reserves (soaring
towards the hundred million dollar  mark)   are  simply  stored   up
profits in excess of dividends, the
general public does not fully   appreciate the fact that our Bank's
Reserve  Funds  are  piled up  volumes of wealth sponged out of the
industrial mercantile class via' the
discount rate on bills payable, and
are in excess of all salaries     and
running expenses, and in (jxcess of
all big dividends.
As a matter of fact, out of our
small population and in the in-
Cancy of our Dominion,. our bank-,
ing system has robbed our business men and farmers ' r.nd wage
earners of, over Sf>0".00'J,000 (called reserved funds), in addition to
running expenses and big dividends!        "■
fiifiicctoci
It Was One of tho Wonders of
the Fourteenth Century.
THE PEOPLE.WERE, PUZZLED
Parisians Couldn't Understand How
ths Dells Were Rung Without Being
Str_ck by the Watchman—Tho Era
of Automaton Ringers';
W-jj^WriglesWorth* D.DfS,
'     '-^V-D-Sl^^ST  .
Office-Hours:-       8 *)to lS'a. m. lto 5p. ni
6.30 to8 p.m.   '
Office in A'ox, L'ck'sliiocfc
over Slum' ,'Uukery,,
FERNIE,        _   '"   -'      -
B. C
"/}
"ST
s.6
n. rm$ & co,
and Builders
IH. A. KASTNER
Insurance', and Customs Broker
Crow's  Nest  Trading   Co.   Block,'
The proposition tt'JMii.a.d by the
Globe editorials now is to distribute the, profits (hitherto placed
to reserve) in the form of new capital stock tol shareholders, tand
then to impose en a gullible
"farming"   and    "business"   com-
gusting part of all this "easy to   mu_ity an increase issue of paper
see through financing," is that it
is  all  the time jamming the em-
measures
111..        I ,    *..,     .
-0 ...... ,.t^     _.».W.i
what     process)   money
value.
Then again, in the Free Press of
14th inst., A. M. Smith says "no*
thing but gold can be called real
money in Canada," and "bank
notes are only promises to pay."
Is it not customary to regard a
business- man as a raaeal if be
gives his promts* to pay, knowing
full welV't-at he could not meet
ployed class up against the ' employers, owing to the disastrous
influence on prices ana wages and
salaries of this paper ,money being increased without gold
reserves. Something has got to go
before long, every thinking man
realizes that,
Publicity and educational work
is the great need of Canada. Let
us have lots of it and dig out
"the truth that will set men freo."
It would be of great value to
know if A, M. Smith can explain
the following points:
(1) What governs the mean
lovel of prices?
(2) What, is the result on prices
and wages of increasing paper
note circulation without increasing "gold" reserves?
(3) Why is (t that prices aro
advancing, in the face of a decrease in the time unit consumed
in the production of commodities
with steam -and . electric motive
power and a greater efficiency of
labor ritdiicing the natural cost
of production of goods?
Henry B, Ashplant,
London, Ont. March IV, 1006,
The following1 appeared'in the
Echo of London Ont., March 15,
1006.
To Ths Editor: ,
You   are particularly requested
to oblige with" the favor of publication the following communications-
Bank Notes,Prices—and Salaries—
The following four points, studied carefully in conjunction with
each other, are significant:
(1) The advont of J. P. Morgan
into the Canadian banking arena.
/n\      TH   , ■•.,.. •     Y       *T       T"   v
fin (of thf "Ttorkrffllrr" Commercial Nationol Bank, Chicago) to
the Canadian Club at Toronto,
Mondny, March 8th.
(3) Recent porlodic doses of
"imijjjiDd educational'1 matter
with a purpose in view, such as
editorials in Toronto Globe on
"Financial Expansion," (January 30th), and "Banking Facilities" February 28tb.)
(4) A large increase in the Canadian Bank Mote circulation^ and
more aimed at) ''without gold
backing," significantly accompanied by advancing price* of goods
that do not cost any more labor
note   currency   in    addition and
equal tq_l" the    new capital, jst'ofk
thus created, For 'rank dishonesty
nothing in tfew York V ife Insurance    has eclipsed this Canadian
bankers'    proposition.   Take    the'
following as an example of-   the
"confidence"   game,   The Molsohs
Bank has '$3,000,000. capital stock
the Bank of, .Toronto has $3,500,-
000 (subscribed,)     Both of these
banks have paid salaries and all
running expenses out of the pro*
ceeds from the   farmers and merchants of     the discount rate    on
loans, and also paid ten per cent,
yearly dividend on the $36,500,000
capital stock in addition to    expenses,   On top of thi9 these two
bunks havo stocked up a 100 "per
cent."     addition  to  their    stock
capital stock, as extra profit called sorved fund; thoy now ask to
be allowed to   convert $6,500,000
capital subscribed,    plus reserves,
into $13,000,000 capital stock and
issue    $13,000,000  in bank notes
with only    the, original subscription put-up   by the shareholders,
and the 913,000,000 bank    note's
his prowls* if called on to do so,'time   to produce   than formerly,
will go into circulation on tbo
footingi of gold dollars, taking in
exchange bills payable at a, hundred, cents on the'.'dollar from, it
farmer'or merchant, and stuffing
ths prices of labor-made commodities with printing*press*made bonk
notes "without* gold at the back"
of the rascally "promise to pay."
It never seems to dawn on ths
salaried men in public and indui*
trial service to wake up to ths
jnBidious roguery of the bank currency question as.a tremendous
factor in market prices and h
heavy powor to depreciato the value of a hard-earned income.
The "WSjPIREDi EDITORIAL"
is preparing the way for legislation as suggested. Let the citizen*
ship bo aroused to diccuea tho
pros and cons of thin all important issue, The insurance question
is a vital one. hut THIS BANKING SYSTJiM IS EVEN MORE
TAT* ZTAUIUXG A.\'£ iM.YKLV
DISHONEST.
It does not roc-m to dawn on
our "economisti" that AN INCREASE VOLUME OF COMMODITIES DO NOT NEED Atf W-
t-HKASli VOLUME OF CURREN*
CY TO CIRCULATE THEM.
The press of Canada con do no
greater service to our growing,
community than to afford every
facility to PUBLIC DISCUSSION
OF Tins LIVE AND VITAL ISSUE, vlr.. an increaaing bank
note circulation and its ability to
incnwsf PRICES AND DEPRECIATE SALARIES, the bigger tbf
salary the bigger volume of loss
Yours respectfully,
HENRY B. ASHPLAWy.
London, Ontario, March 6, 1006.
In primitive times a. man was stationed nt tho top of" tho belfry'to ring
the bells at,the Indicated hours, day
nnd night., This v/atebmau was called
tlio lioroscopus—that is to say, the ob-
Eorvervof the hour. He had recourse
hlmseif In order to fulfill his duty to
the study of the astral system, ..to the
number of prayers he was to recite, to
the quantity of wax' n caudle had consumed, to the clepsydra, "or water
clock, and to the hourglass." The tra'do
of the uoroscopus was inevitably one
of the first 'which the' progress of
mechanism was to cause 1o disappear.
The-first clocks with bell known in
France date, back to the fourteenth
century. Particular mention is made
of one which was established at1 Caen
In 131-1 by Beaumont and that of the
Palais de Justice In Taris, which Klii'g
Charles V. had constructed in"'1370 by
the Gorman- clockmnkcr Henri do Vie.
This machine, seemed' so marvelous
that! tho Inhabitants of Paris—so goes
the ilegend—asked permission of the
king to S'O on guard at the door of tho
tower, to assure themrelves that it was
the,clock and not the watchman that
rang the hours. " ,,
This astonishment of the people nt a
period when mechanism was but just
born may ;well be conceived in' presence of a-machine capable of calculating and striking the hours without the
assistance of any human being, with
the same precision-that could be exercised by the most vigilant horoscopus.
The custom was perpetuated until,
the seventeenth century and still exists in certain cities of Europe of placing alongside of the clocks various nu-
tomatons which ring the hours. '*> It is
due to nothing else than the thought of
recalling to memory the recollection of
the ancient watchman! 'And also the
clocks with automatons catered to the
popular taste of that epoch. The peo-,
pie of that "period preoccupied themselves but little with'the more or„ less
,exact_measure'ment,of_tlmfi„Railroads_
were not in.existence, and the exigencies of life «,wcre not so great as they
are now. 'A cock which crowed and
flapped his ;wlngs, some apostles who
marched by, striking a blow for each
hour, filled them with admiration, and
In this respect no other clocks aroused
bo much enthusiasm as those of Lyons
and Strassburg. It was a clock of this
character that Henri Deux placed over
tlio svperb portal, of the chateau of
Anet, .     •
, Nev.ertiielcsis'tlusi timepfeSTIvhs dla;
tlnguisked frdiri other clocks ■with automatons by the originality of the figures that it set in movement. Here
no longer was a .woman or a man who
struck *ho bours with rusty arinn. It,
was n. majestic stag, stahdluB Oroct,
surrounded by four bloodhounds of,
natural' size, which appeared to be
holding it at bay, that one saw on tlio
summit of the portal. One of the
stag's logs was movable, and ns It was
lifted it seemed to striko tho hours.
Tho four hounds opened their jaws at
each striking of tho quarters, nnd their
voices wero imitated by bolls of different notes whose clappers were connected by wires with their lower jaws,
causing them to open and shut ns long
as tho boll ringing mechanism continued.   '
This curious clock exists no louger.
It was sold at auction wllh Its finest
dials for tho sum of $100 when tlio
chateau of Anet was confiscated ns
national property nnd sold wllh Its
furnlturo in tho year 2 of the first republic.
•This ancient clock was rcplnced In
1850 by ono entirely modern luuVmnde
by Wagner, -Tbo'stag and tho hounds
in bronze *«rere also • carried  awoy;'
Those toon today are In bronzed terra
cotta and play mo. other part, tbftii to
recall to memory tb« ancient one* and
to add to the docor#tiv* portion of tbe
portal «rtue chateau .whoso artbltM*
tuw, tbo work of Fhltlbert Dclortno, is
one of the porost and most delict to
constraetloni of tho rtmaissanot.
1 Beside* the functions1 thst wo bivo'
enura-Mbad, tbo docket'tho chateau
of,Anet iMMHosMd on tho side of tho
court of honor n  mnirnlnoont dlnl,
which .Indicated tlio position of 1he
vlguH of tbo -odltic, tbo months, tbo
days of tbo month .nud tba^moon's
agc-KHorlOBoro.
Nest   Trading   Co.
Fernie, B. C.    '
Plans, Specifications and Estimate* furnished on  application.
Plenty of GOOD DliY LUM-'
BER ON HAND.     '   ' ,,
■ ;.'. R,' A'. KElifi..," '■
Architect   'aHdSuperihtendear"
Office at. Reside-™,
BAKER ST. FERNIE,  B.   C,
L.   P.   Eckstein
Barristkr-at-Law, -Solicitor
Roonu 1 & S, Henderson block. Fernie, B. 0.
. Barbeiy i-.D.s., d.d.s.,
DENTIST
T. W   Block,   opposite the  Bank
■'   Office hours—8 R.m. to 8 p.m.
F. 0. LA.WE
ALEX. I. FISHER, li. A.
Latoe & Fisher
BARRISTERS SOLICITORS, ETC.
Crow's   Nest    Trading    Co.    Block,
Fernie,  B. C.„^
W. R. CAMI'DELL
.). WU.SON ORAV
CAMPBELL;t&' GRAY^
CONTRACTORS & BUILDERS
Plans  and   Estimates on Application
Residence' 76 Howland Ave.   '„
J   J.' Wilson, Gray,'Architect;    ';
Fernie- B. C.
AMALGAMATED  SOCIETY   OF
CARPENTERS   AND    JOINERS
meets in McDougall's Hall every
alternate Thursday at 8 p.m..
A. Wykks. Pies,        \\'m. I), Schofikld, Seo."
J. S. T. ALEXANDER
w, n. itoss. k. c.
Ross & Alexander
BARTUSTEBS,"  SOLICITORS,
Office In, Ij.
ETC
FEIWIE, B. C;
T. '^V. Blo«k, Victorli Avenue.
ULCERATED IK AND ANKLE
Healed by Zam-Buk.
W. A. COfflELL
Builder and Contractor
Estimates cheerfully given and work
promptly executed to the satisfaction of oar customers. _
HAY&MJS
T
The Word "Butter."
"Cow Juice" Is n »lu»|{ term for butter Iu ninnj' porlw or 11>o United Btotcn.
But the void "butter" Melf itlmost
eui'liilnly ineniw Hoinothln« very lllw
llint by dorlvntlon. It J« 1''«° tlmt
Tlliiy considered "butyrmii" to bo a
r.      ,, , . 1    1 , ,   u   ... , ,,*i   /'rti*,  fl.'\t
^.^ ........   kib.u,   >•...   ..   >"—   v   ■"••'
tt "wna rr-nlty On«olt-rrnm "bmis," a
cow, nnd "luro*," cIicoho. nnd tncnnt
literally "cow choose." "Butlory," by
titer way, lias nothing to do Trltb butter, In Kplto ot npppnranccs, Juut ns
"imntrv" litin no connection will. pnnn.
..:.     ,  ".      ...       .     •    ■ , ■   .       » <   .  ■ •
("pans"), nnd tho former Is tho lato
I.ntlu "iKjtnrlti," the placo of ths
"butts" or cnul»H, ;
_ 4B"
8sfe.
Sirs. Whito;, (sympnthPtlcnlly)-So
ynnr liiivlnn/J f« III trouble rt?nln.
Mil ml? Mrs. HlRck (cli«crily»-.\Vur,
Km'* niit »' trouble, doss now-do scouri-
•iM'jHnJnll.
The world J* 0 *p**l. »«<! «* wiu
ill couuj r«M»d,*^!--nura«U.
A common result oLan.injury
sometimes of even a tiny scratch
is chronic ulceration, the skin disease/that   eats deepest into ttie
"tissue and is most painful", weakening and obstinate.     Ulcerations
are-   brought     on    often   (especially   in     the     case  or women)
by excessive standing or kneeling.
Mrs. J. E. Berryman of 91 Catharine     St.,   N.    Hamilton,  Ont.,
says:  "I was suffering for a num--
her of weeks with a badly inflamed and ulcerated leg and ankle. I
had used one remedy after another with.no material benefit.      My
leg was swollen in some places to
bursting    and day and, night ■   I
suffered severe pains. At this stage
my husband prevailed upon me to
leave    off all   other preparations
and use Zam-Buk.   This I did and
was agreeably surprised for after a
few applications the   swelling   in
the leg was greatly reduced and
the ulcer looked healthier,     I persevered with    2am*Buk until the
swelling     was banished   and   the
pain and inflammation entirely re.
moved.   Zam-Buk has effected    a
.cure when other remedies failed."
Zam-Buk also heals cutB, bruises, burns, running sores, eczema,
boils, eruptions, scalp sores, itch,
piles, chapped hands and all diseases of the skin.   Of all druggists
and stores, 50c box  or Zam-Buk
Co,,   Toronto,    postpaid   on     receipt of price.     3 boxes $1.25.
.-  —0	
INDEPENDENT       ORDER        OF
RECHABITES.
At the annual meeting of tho
above order on Friday night.tho
lodge elected a splendid staff of
officers for the coining year and it
was expected-of every one of them
that they will lead tho lodgo into
increasing useful tervices and
make it, wh,at it oujr.it to be.
The officers elected for 1008 art:
'Chief      Ruler—John    Marjyam,
•Coal Crok. ''*-''- J' i    '
< Deputy Chief Ruler—Harry Har.
rison, Fertile Annex. ■,■.;.
Treasurer—William Bird, Fernie
Annex,  - •-  	
\ Secretary—Iiasc   Moseley, East
'Fara.it.
Trustees—William Barewell, J.
Southern, Fernie.
Lsvites—John Fowler, Fernie
Annex.
Guardian-Joseph Limb, Coal
Creek.
Any of the abovo officers will
give any information requirod
about the above order.
ISAAC  MOSELEY,  Sec.
 —o*	
For   quotations
on Hay & Oats,
"-,-... write to
Hembllng   &.   Ruby
DiDSBURY,   ALTA.
Special ratob to Contractors and'
Lumbermen ,
FERNIE EMPLOYMENT OFFICE
T, A. AMBROSE
Successor to J. W. H. Terry    :
Employment and
Real Estate Office
Will supply men for
all classes of work,
either by  the  day,,
week or month-
Bushmen,   Lumbermen
Teamstersi
Women for cleaning,'
i ui'i
washing or scrubbing
07' ■
<>!,} ■ 11 V
ci   (. 4
Reasonable   Rate*
Cox Street
p.—..■-■■,.    .-■-.■!--■-.._-,---
BABY'S OWN   TABLETS A
|l        TLE LIFE SAVER.
LIT*
iiaby's Own Tablets have saved
many a precious little life. There
is no other medicine ior children
so safe and tmre in its effects. The
Tablets cure stomach and bowel
troubles, teething troubles, de*
stroy worms, break xip colds and
Srevent deadly croup. And you
ftve the guarantoe of a govern*
ment analyst that this medicine
does not. contain a particle of
opiate or narcotic. Mrs. J, Laro*
que, Log Valley, Sask., says:—"I
urn n f*rnit brtiever in Baby's
Own Tablets. Z have used them
on many occasions and know of
no medicine equal to them in cur.
ing the common ailments of bab*
ies and young children." Sold by
dealers or by mail at 85 cants a
box from The St. Williams* Mid-
icine Co., Broekt/ille, Oat.
lo Consumptives
The uuderilffaed having Um ra*
stared to health by ilropla means,
after ■ufforlno; for sereral yaart
with a ae-era lunar nffeotlon, an*
that dread dlioaaa CONSUMPTION,
\m ftnvtatm fn •nrtVn Vr<-»-»n ♦•* fH»
follow ■nffersrs the manns of onrt.
To those who doslra It, ha wW
obeerfolly »end (fro* of oturga) •
oopy of tbo prescription used, whlob
thoy will find a ouro for CONaUMTP*
TION, ASTI1MA, OATATIIUJ, DIIDN-
CiliXK «v-4 bit '.-.G<vt _u_ .u_k
MILADIES. Lie hopoi all snffsrera
will try tbla Itomcdy, *■ it |i Invaluable. Those daalrlng the praaorlp*
tion, whlob will coat the nothliff,
and may prove a blessing, will
pleaae address
REV. EDWARD A. WILBOlf,
Brooklyn. K. 7.
Try a Ledger Ad. .DISTRICT LEDGER,r FERNIE.   B.;-C.,  FEBRUARY,  8th,'1908.
ITS PURITY.
ITS FLAVOR      ,
ITS FRAGRANCE
ITS RELSABIUTY
Ap®   responsible ior, fits
enormous sale of 18?©00,-
000   packets   annually.
TEA    •'■"■'.•■
The Prince of Teas
Lead Packets Only
Blue,Label -40c., Re<l Label 60c,
and Gold Liibcl (We. per lb,
At all Grocers
BOTH  ARE
ASSASSINATED
, Kins Carlos and Crown Prince of Port-
',,   uga8 Done to Death—Another Prince
Wounded—Queen Narrowly
Escapes—Assassins
are Anarchists
Lisbon,    Feb.   4.—King    Carlos j the carriage and poured In a hail
and his-son, Prince Luiz Phillippe
the crown prince, were killed last
night, and Prince, Don Manuel was
wounded, by a band of assassins
who attacked the royal party in
their carriage on their return
from a short trip away from the
capital last night.' The attack was
unsuspected and made easy, on ac-.
count of the king declining a
body-guard. . It is believed that
the assassins were Anarchists, but
the strictest' secrecy is being .preserved in connection with the
identity of the assassins.
_n-'.-H'V._.cir.T.-Kr'E^OF__THjSJMLUSDEB.J_
No-more beautiful day could be
imagined ' than that which herer
after will mark the date'on which
King Carlos and Crown Prince
Luiz met their death at the hands
of assassins. Returning from a
sojourn at the king's estate at
Villa Viocosa, accompanied by the
queen and the crown prince and
the infant, Manuel, the sovereign
seemingly was in.a happy mood
when he stepped into the carriage in waiting at the railroad
station; thousands of spectators
gayly attired in combination with
the bright decoration set put to
•welcome the royal family, made'
an animated scene.
All the surrounding streets were
fllied with gay, lighthearted
throngs waiting to, greet the king',
and though guards were' stationed
along the route no one had
thought of the dastardly attempt
which was to come. The people
were allowed to circulate as freely
as they pleased, and foT a short
time bo great were the crowds the
driver of the carriage had difflcul*
ty in making a start. The entire
,court, ministers and ladies , in
waiting ' and many army officers
were in tho station when the train
drawing the royal family pulled
in. The weather was glorious,
almost like summer, with a warm,
soft breete blowing in from the
ocean. The sun, whose rays were
uninterrupted by clouds was al*
-most setting the moment the
royal family arrived among those
in the throngs-, without were
Urge numbers of the working
classes who, having completed
their labors for the week, were
sauntering the street)), chatting
and laughing and ready to wel*
come the returning king as ind*
dent offering to the contrast of
the monotony of the very day's
existence, Others, enthusiastie
members of various political fac*
tions, and friends of political
leaders now under arrest, had as*
sembled there to soe the king come
back to Lisbon, at the end of a
day which was marked by . the
sternest of repressive measures,
AN OJPiiN OAKlUAUJb. IH WAU*
IN'G.
It was because of the beautiful
weather that an open carriage
was in waiting for the royal family, and when they took their
places they were greeted with some
lifting of hats, but mostly in silence. Then nn the carriage sharply turned into tho Itua Do Arnonal
there was a cracking of guns and
a shower of bullets made their
way into the bodle* of the king
and crown prince and the little
prince, who proved nn easy target.
SIX ASSASSINS DID XT.
The assassins',' numbering six in
all, boldly ran up to the _id« of
of lead before the stupified escort
could intervene.
The king and crown prince, half
rising, fell back into the cushions,
the blood gushing from many
wounds. The coachman brought
his whip across the flanks of his
(horses and with a bbunci " "tney
dashed away, disappearing into
the arsenal quadrangle. The panic stricken people, who had flecTon.
all sides could see „the queen lean-
ing.'b'ver' the 'crown prince and her
younger son; who also was bleeding from wounds by 'assassins'
bullets.
How-<many. shots'were fired no
one'can'.say,-'but it was'a very
liberal fusilade, coming"from'" the
right side of the street. The effort
of the, crown prince, who was sitting opposite to the king to rise
was pitiable, and without avail,
for he adjusted himself sufficiently
to pitch forward and fall over
the prostrate body, of his father.
Queen Amelie, uttering a soream
that could be heard by all who
had become frenzied by the attack, threw herself towards her
sons, shielding their bodies with
heri own,. She frantically struck
at the murderer with a bouquet of
roses, which she had been carrying, but even in the face of this
the men fired again and again.
YOUNG PRINCE FIGHTS.BACK.
As ho saw his father and brother fall, Prince Manuel whipped
out a revolver and discharged it
at the men, but was himself
struck on the right arm by a bullet from a carbine. A footman
In the carriage also was wounded
and It was stated that a bullet
grazed the queen's shoulder, but
did not do her harm,
Only mounted police accompanied the carriage, as the king had
refused military escort. The at*
tack came from the rear, for it
was found afterwards that -the
king had been shot in "the back
and neck. The royal carriage had
by this time been driven into the
quadrangle and the gates gf the
arsenal were shut.
The grief of the'queen and Prince
Manuel was heart breaking. With*
in a few minutes the queen's
mother the Dowager Queen Maria
Pia, the Duke' of Oporto, the
king's brother, and the ministers
of state assembled, air weeping
bitterly. The news of the assassination spread like wildfire, and
thousands of people, bewildered
and terrified, poured Into the
streets. Soon the troops and pol-
ice occupied nil the prominent
places, and the people hurried to
their homes and barricaded tho
doors and windows, to await in
fear the unknown future.
The bodies of the kin*,- and
down pnnce rest m the royal pal*
ace, and beside the bier the queen
sat tfirough the night, sometimes
with her hand pressing the forehead of Kin»* Catlos nnd «rmip.
tames stroking the face of tho
dead crown prince.
The conditions of the proclamation proclaiming the Prince King
is satisfactory to  the people.
He carries his arm in n sling,
and declares that ho suffers no
pain.
The bodies o/ King Carlos   and
Prince Luis were embalmed today,
and will lie in state, according to
ths custom of the court.
,  Th* fuaerai piebably will
held on February 10th.;- Having
proclaimed the accession, of Manuel, to tha'Dthrone, Premier Franco
announced his intention to adopt
the • most vigorous measures to
crush-iiny possible insurrection.
ALLEGIANCE TO NEW, KING.'
Iirtlie absence of the chamber of
deputies members, the premier announced the house of peers will be
convoked to recognize the ascension of Manuel, and he would then,
again take the oath of allegiance.
The army and navy have sworn
allegiance to Manuel;, as well as
all'the, garrison and naval stations in the kingdom, and the new
king has confirmed the dictatorship.  •'.--.
NEW KING'S "PROCLAMATION;
Later in the day came it" solemn' proclamation from Manuel
II. announcing that he would'uphold, the constitution and preserve
the integrity of the kingdom. In
this proclamation which is addressed to the Portuguese people,
he says: ■ , ',
"An abominable ' crime has
stricken me in my heart, as a son
and a brother. I know the nation shares,; my sorrow and. indignation, and detests the horrible
act, which is unprecedented in history. I am called upon by the.
constitution ■ to preside over the
the destinies of the nation, and
conformable therewith, I shall do
my utmost, to promote the good
of the fatherland and merit the
affection of the Portuguese people.
I swear to maintain- the Catholic
religion and .the integrity of the
kingdom, and to observe,myself
and enforce by all of the nation's
political constitution. I also' de-
dare that it is my pleasure that'
the present ministers shall remain
in office.
The proclamation is signed by
Dom Manuel II. and is countersigned by ,all the ministers.
During -; the "day Queen -Amelie
was visitsd by; Seror Pinto, ex-
minister of war,-the chief of the
Conservatives,. j:"he_c_hief pfi_the_Na-,
tiorialists,' and a large number of
military officials•■ who expressed
their deepest, sympathy. She has
received condolences from the rulers of many countries, and from
every quarter comes evidence to
the Portuguese court that the
crime that has carried .bereave-
-lnent with.it is viewed with horror.  ' ;:..'"
o      r-
The government-has given out'a
statement that the events of yesterday will only strengthen mon-
archistic sentiment, both among
the civil and military and middle
classes of the nation, and that the
discipline" andI manner of the
troops is admirable and unfalter-'
ing.   ,
'■" ■     o :—
MANY    SLEEPLESS     NIGHTS,'
' OWING TO A PERSISTENT
COUGH. RELIEF FOUND
AT LAST.    ,-
"For several winters past my
wife ' has been troubled with , a
most persistent and disagreeable
cough, which invariably, extended
over a period of several weeks
and caused her many sleepless
nights," writes Will C. Hayner,
editor of the Burley, Colo., Bull*,
etln. "Various remedies were tried
each year, with no , beneficial re*
suits, In November last the
cough again put in an appearance
and my wife, acting on the suggestion of a friend, purchased a
bottle of Chamberlain's Cough
Remedy. The result was Indeed
marvelous, After three doses the
cough entirely disappeared and
has not manifested Itself since."
This remedy Is for sale by all
druggists.
FOUND AFTER0 MANY YEARS
Omaha, Feb. 4.—Superintendent
Patterson of the Pacific Express
Company returned to Omaha from
Sidney Neb., bringing with him
two largo bricks of bullion, re*
presenting part of th* loot of a
robbery of the company's office in
Sidney, Neb., in March, 1880. The
metal was found buried in the de*
bris of a saloon which burned
down two weeks ago, The rob*
bery was the boldest of its kind
evt. jjui.ta uu ... i..c ••<._» auu lite
Vu31ic;j vLlrh hnfl Vie en jeceh'ttl
that day by stage from Black
Hills, was valued at 9187,000.
One oi the bricks was sold to the
Denver mint a year after the rob*
bery.
VMiU'.'."i ii-tCattny, who tnen own
HE, MADE ONE  MISTAKE.,;
Quaint Fersian Tale,of the Taming of
the. Shrew.
In Persia a wealthy man will often
nave a friend of whose society he is''
fond living in the house withhini. Abdullah was such a,friend to Aly Khan,
a very wealthy and influential' merchant of Ispahan, who' was delighted
with his charm and cleverness and bo
pleased with his Eervices that he
thought he would make a very good
son-in-law and suggested hlin as. such
to his beautiful daughter. She was
very overbearing and bad tempered;.
but, thinking that Abdullah was rather
good looking, she agreed to it They
were married. Soou his friends ,came
to congratulate him, among, them
Housse'yn,who was known to have a
very overbearing and bad tempered"
wife. He said, "I congratulate you on
your marriage," and then he asked the.
bridegroom, "Are you really Chappy
with a woman who is known to havo'
such" a bad temper?" "I assure you
that she Is perfectly charming and"
that' I am perfectly happy." "May I
ask how you manage It?"
"Certainly," answered Abdullah. "On'
tho night of tho marriage I went Into
her apartments lu full uniform with
my sword on. She did not take any
notice of me, buf put en a supercilious
air'and made a parade of stroking her
cat. I quietly picked up hoi- cat and
cut off his head with my sword, took
the, head iu one'liaiul, the body in the
other and threw them out of the.,window. My wife was amazed, but" did
not show it. After „n few seconds she
broke into a smile and has been a
most submissive and charming wife
ever since."
Housseyn went straight home and
put on his uniform and went into tho.
harem. Tho domestic pet came to
greet him. He seized it with the hand
that was accustomed to caress it, drew
bis sword and,with a single blow do-
capitated It. At the same'raoment ho
received- a blow iu tho face delivered
by his shrewish wife and before he
recovered from his astonishment.a sec*
ond and a third. "I can,see to,whom
you have been talking," tho lady,
hissed, "but you aro too late. It was
on' the first day that you ought to have
done this." " '
60  YEAR8*
EXPERIENCE
Trade Marks
Designs
Copyrights &c.
Anycno sending a Bketch and description tna7
quickly ascertain cur opinion fres whether oa
invention le probably patentable^ Commuiilca-
,'tlonsBtrlctlyconfldontfal. HANDBOOK on 1'ateiits
tent froo. Oldest iipency lor "Muring patents.
Patents taken tbrouKU Jlumi & Cj. receive
tycclal notice, without charge, In the
Scientific Hntericatt.
' A handsomely Ulnstrat«d weekly. latest ctr.
. eolation of any edentltlo Journal,   Term*, for
Canada, 83.J5 a year, postage prepaid,   Sold br
xU newsdealers.',
..Wf&R£&ft>'
A TOOTH  FOR A  TOOTH.
=Xhe=^pQr_c5fu!nc£ s=of ,Nai!v©=Gusio!¥!8=
In Morocco.
;" In " Morocco, the' IJaled-el-Magbrab
(the land of tho soiling sun of tho
Arabs), the Lex Talionis is as much an
integral part of the social system a3 are
life and death.' The Moors, it may bo
said, are frankly.brutal. They have a
certain rude code of honor to which
they.' adhere when convenient, but
aniong themselves,, they devise every
possible excuse for not fulfilling en*
gagemonts with tbo giaour.
; On the other, hand, tboy.aro extreme,
ly punctilious ia exacting fall measure
from Europeans with, whom' they, bavin,
dealings, and many,stories might bo
told showing how Moorish judges mete
out justice to.their own .people to.the
detriment of the alien.   -
For Instance, it is not very Ions
since that a British subject riding
through the Solco' (or market plaoe) at
Marakeah had tho. ill. fortano to posh
against a half -blind old woman, who,
falling to tbo ground, broko off two of
her front teeth.
. The Englishman promptly offered
compensation. It was refused, and th*
Injured woman before the local cald
dismantled that her innocent aggressor
should havo two tooth knocked ont In
retribution for her injury.
Protest followed on protest against
tula exaction until Anally the matter
was carried to tbo sultan himself.
That potentate (nnd this instance Is
given to show tho forcefulness of native custom) begged tbo Englishman
to comply-with tho old woman's de*
mind and publicly iierlfleo bis Ind*
■on, In return for which oblation be
granted him concessions which have
made that English merchant, and bis
family foremost, among the wealthy
foreigners tn Morocco,—fiOndon Spec*
tatof. ' '    ' ;
A Pitting QuHtlen.
Jta, who la six and thinks be It a
man, cot Into a crowded car with Us
nurse. The nurse jot tne tut seat
and two ladles made a little place be*
tweea them for Jim and aqneoted faint
In, Presently a portly lady rot In, and
Jim, the pink of courtesy, rose and
lifting his bat offorml his place. It
waa embarraaslng. Afterward nurse
explained to Jim (lint be muat be care*
ful la offering a seat, as n place that
was largo enough for a boy might not
accommodate u Imly, Next time be
was In a car and a lady got In J Ira
leaned over to nurtto nnd In a stage
whisper naked. "Llirclo, do you think
sho'll fltr
Motion nnd Heat
All visible motion when arrested be*,
romci lionl, oven Hint of running wafer,   K wo take two pluces of solid ice
am] tub IhfUi lw,)n-r,
UNIFORM KEENNESS
H(J nOKlNfi-NO (jRINDINi
You want comfort and satlsacttoa
of clean I smooth'. shaves every
morning.j ;,.?'■,;:•,■ •< it.■
The Carbo Magnetic Is the only
razor. UNCONDITIONALLY
Ql/ARArVTBED to give. this.
Thesecret Electric Tempering
positively .'merges every particle of carbon * (the. life of
steel) into the metal—giving
diamond-like hardness
throughout the blade*«some-
thlng absolutely impossible
with fire tempered steel used
in making all other razors.
But test this razor in your
[own home—or have your barber
use it on you.    Secure one 30
DAYS TRIAL with NO OBLi*
QATION TO PUR
CHASE.
J. D.   QUAIL
** 1^\
Phillip Carosella
.. [Wholesale
-  EJQUQS3   DEALER  "
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
Gent's Furnishings
BAKER   AVENUE
BRANCH  AT HOSMER,  B. 0.
THE POLLOCK
WINE   GO.   Ltd.
Wholesale Dealers, and Direct
■•*>      Importers of ■ -   - ■-
SCOTCH-AND '      !
= IRISH WHISKEY,
■ LONDON DRY °    '_    ,' • f      /.
;   OLD TOM"
, AND HOLLAND GIN.
POMMERY
CHAMPAGNE
SCHLITZ BEER
ALE AND STOUT,
BURMEISTER ,   „
WHITE AND RED PORT.   ■
Solo Agents in East Kootenay for
ARCADIAN   FAMOUS WAUKESHA
WATER
_r»
: THE-,.LADY'S'"SEEDS .Where in
the way of Dru^s, Mi'dicii^, Perfiniir-s,
Powders and .-ill Toilet requisites. Every
supply for the dressing table, bathroom
or boudoir. Fancy Soapa and Sachets,
_CQ!d_C_rpaiiis._I^LiffJ3oxcs..etc..LAll-kindfi
Phone 12
of Perfumery, Hair, Tooth and Nail
Brushes, Manicure Sets and'Sponges.
The quality of our goods will satisfy tho
most exacting. We get our supplies in
fresh every week, and purchase only
the best qualities for all departments.
You will have no cause to rind fault
with our prices.
THE   PALACE   DRUQ   STORE
H. P. McLean,
Mgr.
FOB .A. SWEET  TOOT-EC
All the leading lines of High
Ctass Chocolates and
Confectionery.
= TO_MI
FREE
To all those purchasing
Tickets to, any Ball at
which
Pat Miller's
Orchestra
is playing can hear the
Music free of charge
ELEVENTH  ANNUAL
Winter Carnival
iiit-y
C*.'J
heated by the friction until the mcltlug
point Ii ronehed. If we should ponr
witter Into nn or.lhtnry rotnry churn
nnd turn tho cmiilt, tho mechanical
«ncr«3r oxortal ni*.»in»t tlio water will
.   .       . .,-. .        . i •"> iransforratyj inu> moltcuJar energy,
«d the saloon which burned recent* | and luo walor will ho wanned In pro*
yr' ,hf«M !tVid tfi!?,.th4! 1,a<ler i Portion to Uio amount of mechanical
of tho robbor band,! but the    e*.   cncr„, Mpent,wlt
press company was unable to so-'       "'     *\ 	
euro hia   indictment.    Hi« brother I -.       ,
una later hanged by vigilante*. ! .„„,„.,,,_„ , Char"»r'
McCarthy has hf*n rUd%ov*rAl ! AcronllnR to un old French aaylnc,
ye*r». Superintendent Patter/ion : ') "I'10 rt ' ,'»nK',''r I" ■■•» «U Mia.iow,
tn trying to establish complete! ^^ "°*-*'*ln.«. follow* nnd aotno-
identittcfttion ot the metal. He ■ tIu'° l>r«^l«''* him uiitl whklt U «...
•aya the bullion value ia indefinite  '-*l0'"ll'y longer, occasionally shorter
but   he   will have it    assayed at   ••"•"l>0 •••"	
once. "" "~*
 s   Few men hare been  admired lj
be ' Minard's Liniment Cures Colds, ste
tbelr own domcitkav-Moatalgfl*.
Bigger and Better Than Ever
—R05SLAND,   B. C—
Under tho auspices ot
THE   ROSSLAND   CARNIVAL
ASSOCIATION
February 4th to 8th, 1908
Hockey   Matches,      Snowshoc   Races
Curling lionaplcl and other sports
For Full Particular* Addross A.B, McKenzte, Sec, "//■
■ DIST-tlCT • LXU>GE_t,4:iTOBN-£.:
•£."..; ;i; •;. i     s-^,„v<>;f.;   r \-: a :r -■ - ~
4=3
»
2fl)* IKstrici foiiger
$ 1 a Year in Advance
limed every Saturday  from, the. Office ot
',    JTublicdtion, Todd lllock, Victoria Ave,   ■
Fernie, British Columbia.
All changes of ads. mu*tliein as follows:-
Pases i and 5, a p. in. Tuesday ; vua«- :i u«iu ••>
i p"m. Thursday, and y.'ige B, 2 P-™ Friday.
-We will t>6 unable to insure change uuieas
this rule ia complied with.
' Legal ftdvertisius 12 cents per nonpaiiel
line lm.t insertion, k cents per line e«<"> »".Jb»u-
fjucnt insertion.■■
Kates for contract, iiuvmtfsiut: on uppiica-
tiou at oilice of publication, Toad Uocu.
BATUEDAY, FEBRUARY, 8, 1908
J3NGM8H  RULERS IN PA>T.IO
Tor years tne British laborer
was the synonym of stupid conservatism. He was held up as the
model wage slave of the world.
(There seemed to be no limit to
'ithe amount 0^ fefckfcg. *at fe*'
CBfould take without resentment. .
His trade unions were the admiration, of his enemies, save as
they occasionally became sonie-
;what obstreperous in the matter
. ,pf  wages.      He   was  particularly;.
cost of production are met ..with
continual loss in profits, both
from lower prices and fewer sales.
Meanwhile the great trust, able
to restrict production, both in
amount and. cost can weather the
storm that is ■ sweeping the little
would-be capitalist down into'the
proletarian abyss.
Wages, always the "first to, go
down and the last to rise," • are
already upon the toboggan' slide
wherever they are not protected
by a strong union organization.
This ,,fact should prove a warning
to those' weak-kneed union men
who may be inclined to" permit
their union obligations to relax
at this time, Never is the need
for an army so great as when war
is declared, and war has been declared upon the wage workers at
tkb present time. During the next
few . months it "will be a bitter
figfet :'t9 even retain existing
wag$s. ,' '■ "'l
Yet'it is in thi» strenuous resis-
tenco'. to , reduction of wages, that
lies almost th* only hope of shortening the period of tho present
crisis. ■ If the purchasing, power
of those who still remain at work
can be maintained at' a. high
standard the time required' to. recover''normal conditions will" be
much'"less-.than       if wages  .-.are
forced down.
The only other method by which
the terrors of this artificial famine can be mitigated is by the, exploiting class relinquishing   some
j • j _ ,.„„ i,» ,„.,= :„„„„„ .portion 'of ' its plunder for the
, jdroired because he ™° *m£™£ purpose of giving employment to
_:>to  Socialism. Nearly Jjerybo ok, I ^he Fuiempi0Jyed) aeven though that
or       editorial    written ,        , ,,-, ,   .        -..   , ,
„    . ,. ,    <.„  j.,,„Q ! employment'does-not immediately
Socialism,".»?.  ^  ^J yield \profit to some individual'
capitalist.
—, -0 -
sermoil,
against ..a ,
years ago, called attention, to
fact     that    it made no headway
among ■ "English", speaking
coal mines- is being' exported to*
foreign markers and sold at a
price, that enables it ,to compete
with the coal from other countries in such markets."
Then follows this concluding
paragraph in the preamble:
"The belief prevails,that an un:
derstanding exists between the
persons or corporations controlling or owning such coal mines to
maintain the high price now being'charged to consumers in "the
province." ,
The .resolution follows; asking
for a Federal inquiry. . .
'In his statement in the brief debate upon the increased coal tax,
the Minister of Finance in part
said:    ■' o ■
REDUCE     PERSONAL     TAXES.
"The output of the Vancouver
Island coal mines last,,year was
1,150,000, . tons of which 77,000
tons, of slack and dross was converted into coke. Practically half
of the total output of coal was
sold locally, the other half being
shipped to the United States.
■ "The average price, of' the coal
at the pit's mouth was $4,50 per
ton os 3240 pounds , thus giving
the companies some ?5>QQ0,v'JO.
o"While Vancouver and Victoria \l-»:
are paying" $7 a ton' of 8240 Expounds, coal is being shipped to
San Francisco and sold there at
S6.50 to S7 per ton wholesale, a
ton 'of 2240 pounds, after paying
freight and duty, a lower rate
;r,:m to co'::su*r.cr3> in this pra-
.Y;_.:e.- "i ' i
A " front of from $2 to ?2.50
fer tea was made on every ton
cf czzlI from the Nanaimo mineB.;
l/icju this I think the House must
ers," and these workers were ?*•*-I KHOIIM)"   UK 'INVESTIGATE!*
,ted on the head accordingly
All  this  has   suddenly  changed, j
The   arrogant  English  capitalists j
gave one kick too many to 'their |
subservient     slaves,   - and THEY,;
.CEASED TO BE SUBSERVIENT, i
When the House of Lords, which J
is almost as reactionary and   unnecessary    as     the United States
Supreme    Court,    attempted      to.
.turn     the     trade union treasuries
over to the capitalists in the Taff
[Vale decision, something dropped.
Joining hands with the existing
"' Socialist,    parties,   the organized
-workers     of   Great     Britain sent
more   than     thirty  of their own
' men into the next House of Commons.
MORE   AND     BETTER LABOR
LEGISLATION WAS^PASSEDAT
THE NEXT TWO SESSIONS OF
THAT BODY THAN HAD BEEN
PASSED IN THE PRECEDING
.TWENTY YEARS.
Not only have trade union funds
been safeguarded against all raids
by, the' 'employing, class, ,a law
has been passed' which makes it
absolutely impossible to conduct
any sort of a legal action against
a trade union as such. Its - members'" are individually responsible
as'are all. other citizens,'but the
- organization cannot legally be,
attacked." '■■■-•
This put an end ,to  all injunctions, all. suits for "conspiracy,"
or for damages directed     against
. a labor union. , • ■ !,-,.,
Laws are now' awaitirij action
at . .the present session of Parlift-
'ment providing for old*age pensions, relief for {he unemployed,'
and a host of other things ,, for
which. American workers have
scarcely dared to .hope, \„.   _ ,.
But the English workers are not
satisfied with • these things. They
do not propose to be satisfied with
anything loss than tho earth and
■ the right tomso it'for.* thoir own
good.
37ECAUSE .THEIT ARE,' PRE-
PARING TO TAKE ALL, THEY
ARE RECEIVING/MUCH;
THEY      "-
VJT1L ■
FROM ; AV.L CAPITALIST )?0LI
Tiaj, QU.T.T HECIGIMC IVOR LEG.
ISLATIOW DECLARK-D FOR SO.
CIALISM, ARD V/EJ'TT AFTEE
.WHAT THEY WANTED,
Is it necessary to point out tho '
xnovnlP ;• .   '        ; '    ' ■
We have been sent for publication-two articles regarding "The
Banking , System" and "The Intricacies and Mysteries of Banking," by Henry B. Ashplant.
In reference,, to these articles, we
think that they should ' not be
passed by without notice. If there
is no truth- in "them so much the
betters for our banking system,
and so much the worse for Mr.
Ashplant. If there is any shadow
of truth in them, it is high time
that a rigid and strict. investigation was started, and pushed
right to the limit.
.. It is folly to (as some do) pass
these-charges-by,-aud-treat_them-:
with silent contempt. It is wrong
to the depositors in general, and
in view of the present stringencies
looks fishy in the extreme.
Our people, more especially the
hard working miners and laborers
in general have hard enough
times to put'1 by any money .from
their meagre earnings, and after
curtailing - their mode of living
and general' expenses to start . a
little nest egg in the bank,' should
have the utmost protection of the
government,"as well as the- authorities of the various banks'.
Have , they got either? These
startling statements' do not seem
to indicate that they have, and if
incorrect it is time they were pro'-
perly and authentically refuted,
DOES A COAL COMBINE EXIST ?
agree that  iho  s:r.j'.ll iricr'.-;.?c t
from five^to ten cents per ton, wo j
are asking is quite reasonable.
"Of, course " he , continued, "all:
taxation we are told is objectionable,' and judging from j the letters
and telegrams which have inundated the department this increase
is going to ruin the industry. But
we have heard that cry raised in
previous years' in respect ■ to various industries, and yet we find.
British Columbia more prosperous
today than ever before."     1
He added:
"I wish to state again that
whatever increase comes irom this
source will next year be applied in
the reduction of personal, real
and income taxes." • '
The House applauded. "
ABOLISH ROYALTIES.
L_In_moying_the_sec_ond_r_eajiing of
the bill the Minister said.
Victoria',   Feb. ... 7.—(Special).-
"Is there a coal combine in British Columbia?"     Dr. McGuire has
asked the question,  and will   request tho House to petition-    Ottawa to investigate.
'   This,  and   a :, remarltablo statement made by.the;Hon. Mr. Tat-
I low during the second reading of
1 tho Coal increase Ta:: Bill,   v/cro
RECEIVED     NOTHING ; two of tho features of yeslca-rlay'r.
THEY      CUT      LOOSE | busy BOKsion. ''
"This is in keeping with the pol-
icy of the Government from the
day we came into power. We
have always maintained that the
natural resources, the raw nalcr-
lal should bear the larger share
of taxation, and this policy if.
particularly .justified in regard to
coal, for no product' is, today
making a larger profit.
"The output last year was placed at 2,190,000 tons, 'from which
the: Government received a revenue
of 8107,000. It is now proposed
to' increase this from 8160,000 to
8170,000 a year, based ..upon last
year's' output. Later, it'is. the
Government's intention to., introduce an, amendmont to the Land-
Act, which will1 reduce other.forms
of- taxation on certain coal rniin-
ing companies."   ■■ ..- •<■•
i Continuing the Minister explain-
ed.that the Crow's Nest Pass Com-
pany , paid ■• royalties under the
Land Act in addition to the tax
on, tho coal itself, but the- Vancouver Island companies, having
obtained,their patent,rights at an
barlior date, escaped the royalties,
not'Cominf* under that act. It was
now thr> intention of the Government, tn abolish the royalties and
SANK. "j
Senior Division, 1st Helen Muir-
head,     Junior Division/ 1st Elsie
Woodhouse.
Division III. Miss Perkins.
Reader II."
Percentage attendance,. 88.39. •
(■ Pupils with perfect attendance.—
Elon Bebb, Burdell Clowers,
James Easton,'. Fred Handley,
Samuel Halton, Frank Letcher,
Norman MacBean, James White,
Russel Colton, Sadie Clapp, James
Graves, Walter Hughes, - Herbert
Letcher, Allen McLeod, Harold
McFarquhar.
RANK
' Class A.—1st. Samuel Halton.
, Class B.—1st.  Percy McDougall.
Division IV. Miss M. MacKenzie.
Reader 1.
Percentage  attendance 88.30.
Pupils with perfect attendance.
Hazel Burkitt, Billy Corsan, Dorothy Dicken, Kate Ewing, Evaline,
Jarvis,     Albert MacBean, Evelyn
Woodhouse, Annie Williams, Willie
Clowes, Willie, Coudie, Russel Dudley,      Mary    Hollinshead,  George
Letcher, Joseph MacDougall, Beatrice Moseley; Alice Wilde.
RANK:; ■-_.    ,'
'st. EvaiineJarvis.
sion VII. Miss G. MacKenzie.
Reader 1st and 2nd Primer.
.Percentage attendance 87.00
Pupils with perfect attendance.—
Roy .   Burkitt,      Aubrey     Clapp
Guylm Evans,-  Cyril  Glover,   Joe
Hover, .Mate  " MacLachlan,   Herman Mayers, George Meikle. Miller
ITeath,   George  Wilkinson,   Felicia
Carosella, Roland Commons, Olga
Follett,  Cora Graves, Rose    MacDougall, Andrew Mader, Millicent
JVTarshall,   Antonio .Blintpetit,   Cecilia Shulkaika.
HANK'
iClass A.  1st Josephine Mader.   ,
Class B. 1st. Arthur Riches.,
Division V. Miss Lawson,
•   1st Primer.
Percentage attendance 89.46;
Pupils with perfect attendance.—
Willie Belanger,  Angelo  Carosella
Haydn Evans,   Jeanne  Sinn,  Lizzie MacDougall, Walter MacMann-
us,   Cyril Marshall, Fred Moresk,
Phyllis     Ripley.     Joe.    Iabihak,
Laurine     Buckley,  Marie  Clowes,
"Nellie     Hughes-Kathleen   Lyons,
Agnes  MacLachlan,   Maggie  Mac-
haclan,  Annabelie Mills,  Heneric
Pletisha,     George     Soften,    Amy
Wilde. "
RANK,   •■'
Class- A.—Lizzie MacDougall.
' Class B.—Maggie. Machachlan.
.TV—"ie{rt_.__*{JT TWicC—l? rtfolTlCQH	
. Kindergarten.
Percentage attendance   81.78.
Buy \.\    ■ v
KOOTENAY  FRIJIT
Lands at Robson
Five Trains daily] C. P. R.
Steamer, daily Telephone and
Telegraph," good Boating,
Fishing and •: Hunting,. level
Land, magnificent Soil..?
Avoid isolation and poor transportation-facilities by buyiug at
Robson. „
Buy* fruit
can    get
lands   where   you
irrigation    and   be
sure ,,of good crops.
These lands can be bought
at $i.oo per acre per month
Your money back if not satisfied.    For particulars see.
Fcrr-ic
-:«
B. C.
IW<mx^<mxe^*
Pupils with perfect attendance.-*
Florence Beaver,' Mervin Buckley,
John Caims,"' Ethel Dewsbury,
John Harris, • James Halton, Terry Lyons, Betty Mader, William
Reiss, Harold . Stirrup,, Peter Iabihak, Dorothy Williams, Ivy Bullock, Florence Bird, Ruth Dicken,
Xudor Evans, Winnie Hollinshead,
Gertrude Lake William^MacFar-
quhar,. Alice Plotisha, Susanna
Shulaika, Alice Stone, Bertia
Vance.       <       •       ■  •>
RANK
. 1st, Mike Reggets.
SYNCl'SIS   OP CANADIAN   K0HTH*WBS1
MINING nEGULATIONS.
: Coat,,—Conl tnlnirift right*, mny lie lonWd for
a period ot twenty-one yours-at am tinnuiil
roTttal of $1 por ncro. Not more thnn 2,Kio
noren shall bo luusqil to ono hiiiivlcluiil or
company.1 A royalty at the ruto of ilvo cor.ts
pur ton nliall U oollocted on Uioiiioioluinlalilo
eoul mined, t    '
QuAiir/,,—A li'.rnoii f.'.Rlitcon;, curs nf i\ro or
i.vor, linvint* illi"OMro<! roiuoniliu jiliU'C, mny
l.ji:ivtu ii cliilni J„'' <i ■■: l.KHi flier,
finmpa:
tax.
ias  p;i,7  f.i.raiftht I   TJicfceiorrecorillus.iisIiiimlsi
VAUii.vu WAOBy A-vi) ritic;:«
Tho prcupnt cricia necms to be .
running f t..i\iu;*h ■ tlio .saiuo old I
coui'HO chat Uiv.i louf; 'Y'c.i ,r...\A i
fa:uiii:.i:' by ; ,■..',;:!:•.',;„  q.'i, .;., '
.i: ic:!, con: >; i!.<i li, 'U1i- , i d.-. ,
pre.,!'.!., ii,   witii u. ioLkii.il- oi  i.^)n. , .(■
f      UU   J,Uilj{Vl'   Ui.Ct.uii   in ,iimuM,r,v,     (u
, tlio     i/iiul;,'i(  i'q;Io\v<4  j^y  u x, ±\i< \
*\-.tin» Mj^'-pi'lirt--. .yojforcis tl>o acct\iu-!l
* ulcteik   Hoot..-;     upon   a   rt^Lrictod ■
^SlittlJEet.
"•'  V/n havo 'v.'a;'- jro/ithorl tho ;.l.xp,'u,'
( oi tailing ^liOr.:), In'tij/itt: vi tiutt,
/'ifled    indtiiitry,    nenvly, nil  stiiplo
articles       nvo      dcclininr*.     Steel.
A.-v;hich i   5iti 11 contlnuoa, to, bo   tlm
£i'cni   irn'-u-'tri-il  linvomntor,      ban
'inlli'U   fully  15  p-v n>nt,  in'tipitft
oi it» control by tbo most power-
■' fu!   tvn ;t.   in  tho , v--,v!rl.       Cotton,
' (*Oort'i,    til Li t"   HIT   fll.MOSt   OfJU.'ll     to
stu'tl  in  thoir Wki.-iiti /oneon  to  in-1
dustrial conditions, wnrn tlm nnyr'
.  to drop,   anil     thrir piico is now
lili.
on tin-   '.Idc
spllo  oi  tho
ho ell'cct of Hon, Mr. Tallyw'-J
, ;;tatimerjt, mado in support oi' his
! contention that tho coal compan-
I ies v/ovo well ablo fto pay tho in-'
crease tax from five to ton couts
]>or ton, wan that j Vancouver Is*
hind mines, chiefly'those controU--
od by' Hon. James Dunsmuir,
wore laying down coal in San
Francisco at it lower wholcsalo
rate tbnn the price asked from
consumer, in British Columbia,
Moreover,   in
tho.* w<r„> ,*i.i'.l,iv>'
rlio  !'-n.- -.'/h'1 ^   ■
,Vr
r.
San Fra:\cirjcok
r>,'M0 i,.-,vvuc,is in
;,'j'i't), ('olu'irr-ifi
;t.'vT:i! ; '•<;,->r J! ,
'.;   '.■  \\ ,    I"",
At Ip.ut'SiOlvmv.f '.io n>,-,icii'lf-1 i'-i i•*T\o c>lr.i;n
! "i-ufliyo.u'or |HiM i.i'Hi.i iiilfiiu; r.--".ir,1«-*" In
■ Iviii ilii'iuvf.   ;W!iu"i i-ftuljui i.coii iiNfoii'l'!'! <»i
! (ivM, 1!io lfieatyr.iis'i.v, \.|iiin liiiviii:,'u .,!'<• |.,\ | .»•
■ I'-nilo. t.Ril'Vipoii'i'oinplylna  wltli  'itlicr   tv',fy
■ ...Ji'tiiioiiUn'iJurclun'o il'.t liijvlnt fl iici'aii'u.    I t.t
TIil> uiiti'iit jiiov'.'.i-. for t)io'imyi:iiui( \,t si
, r >y,'lt,v.oi')j> )itr *i-ni. on lison'.!;..,
■,v..il;o all
ten  cciitp
CLALVl'.OF ; "PASr-,,."co:vrP.r-HY, ;
'."It'ip. claimed," he.,i>.dcio:l,  ''by!
tho Crow's No it Conipauy that at; ■
thoir land'had been p;ivou them'as
a subsidy,in connection with   the,
building oi • thci Djiitioh Columbia i   i'i;Acisiimliun(f»ii<;jiV<(,nm)r,il!,viii'oW"i'fL«(.r'
.Southprn Railway that thoy. wer? j.*\,iuvoiiiuw1vioot>'<i'i!iiuHiililolvii.,irly,
no,t. liable,,ior .the .royalty. ,   Btit-I   An iipplloimt. irmv = f.iitsiiii- two Iccim u>
thin in not' worth considprinc now ' Uru*lflre tor cold Of live nillcni'io'li fonK.Ti.rm of
ir i. ii •/ot''wo.r"i1. .con_lQe„jjiB,i*ow   Ul)ntv.rMnr.,wiiowaiili;ili. tbu Ult.uitft.ifti of
that it is tho intention, to abloish I ii)u„tiiintwofth»li«ti'V!»r
tho royalty, I think thoy are.also
well ablo.to pay tho incveaso 'oh
ihr     rokofvom,    nine   to   fifteen
ccntr,.."
Ibotel
tfevnie. 3B. C,
9000009900000000000009
THE BEST.OF SERVICE
0999099909909099090999
CALL AND SEE
C. W. DAVEY&CO.
Kings   Hotel
Fernie, B, C.
JOHN PODBIELANCIK,
PROP
Bar supplied .with the. best ot Wines*
Liquors and Cifirartv
Dining Room ih connection
**r
-B-^iWTVmvM
PACI.F'I.e
Hotel, Hosmer
Open May 1
Everything, new and   .
up-to-date.
, Every accommodation
. for the public. ']
Bar stocrtod with tho
finest in tlie land "
P*       LABELLtT
Proprietor
r.:
i", /.«'
T:
..!
TI?o liirittfo Uinll Jiiivn uili'{iJ«ohi'iiiiiii'ifHon
within nun Mi|t>rnili 11:1 iliuilti'ii cftho lomio
liir e.u.h ilvo ii'.i.'Ch, K.iuMtl U'Jlior imiiuni lot'
riviji'- iuiiBiJ.1, Hy/tiHy til. ihu
■'..'■ i<,'!l,.ftcl on thj output itl>
i.f.«'
•(-.'■ ■r-u .-:••:..'» j():!.'Ft!.': ■<>:'•,'r'l-.".: ;.
„,'j|ii.-1 iloi 'ov't  rc.'.'alutiou, ( w.'.icn !
ci.ntV - j I n, t,  v'ii"  In  the fo't'ni of  m
nolici!   of   motion v/hidi    ho \«i:l
move,,   to-iU'Ji'i'ow m>J is i'j*tni.j
on'ooti    '
"That r. hMu-.Mr, ndtlrcsi   he presented to Hi', -ionin1 \i:c Lieuun-
;;ji„
!»it
C ov
li
Xiiib   :,U,,
«nt*Qovt.ntCij;, ~yiu
ijuonf the  Db,«'t i
through i'-H! pt...
i':aU!.ii an ijo.t-i.y
)iy   tlio  'OiM'iinii n
Xradv   nml     t.i. >
v.'lioth'.M" thnra <■::•.
undoutandint;    be
of the province, wheraliyi an ex*
tj'j
Meanwhilt
.worltdrfi,  in
of   the
t'P
i ceii'Jivo
',Vt.i!)\
;_ re*
•■.ii"!ii:,
..u l'tf   lo
.- .ItuLtd
'  .1 .', .       01
;u iti'tirt...
■tijini! oi'
tho.owts-
'.',  coinvr.i'V  conlribt;h?d'Hat   v
V'.V'.OOf) '.o.'tV proviv.M.tl ir-
"'.,!"".i'.   liiid'v     ',Vi'.u•'.'."   ■■r;:t-'r-
','.;,...;■!)•,„  —-n\   livv;   \:',     ;   ' 'V\'V r 0
,' rt,      n<:[], v,.„ j,,n,',.ii... ".!•',,:;'.;:-,;;| !'
■i,*„.   .i;|ll   i»y, *,;,,'av.   .•:i<*'Ci;1*.   of'V.'Jl    ,
p, * -1   ( r\; ■        .. I!    , ,.,t.
Tin.'c,-.'.vhmuc.t'i, dil j'.of, a^rt'c "
wJih ilu,' onjuufivy V.xni I'h'i Aeon:
U'o'.i) w^irh th:"' DMid' thoiv: c.o!:o
vr»: --ot "m»vp''-n'.r-.10? .vj.il." for
ihr l',1in> .tor, v.-o flinl that
i-olf.-i-pvo^uc-iiri' cord is r>clrt
<n..' <lt.i>!:si it.it to another
'ii ,;:,.'. •.! U.: i i..)n-.L«y for
puyjoso p;' mahij'n- coko--
uir/'.-r I'fjvuift'.
i .1 o>a
.-;. I..
,*,. Th<? 8-tbtol( of Pernio
y . -— ■ «
£    Tho centre of Commercial
ft and Tourist Trade
ft   -  -Oniulno   Unexcelled
i> r *Vn.iit»
, s:,i ,,;.t .'
V/.NV, Cn
.Tl'-l .. n.i
i  V'i'jHc.itii'.
1.. ,;',,i,i     .
11.'i .'.
th..'*
*> 53. P. Wallace
'  Pro-p.
<>tl«X*it*'!«*!4<
N A PA N E E
H O T E L.
. FERNIB, B.C. . '
Ecenj attention.
Rooms rcscroed by wire
/•.'..■
A' pleasant, homo  far tlio
.",> i
..it1
3":.:\;.-iT JCOOTF.JffA'Sf, ItOLD*
'Kn ax pehhik.   '
3i'
i'j rail  .coiiutY qouiiT    or
EABT   KOOT.',:>TAY1   KOLDEH
at i',:i._i,.:.1,h*, m probate.
ihi;'
t;','...
f'.".M
illrl
,  •■■:!,»
(ii:-Uh'i
Pu^.ils  env
-llorl,   P3-1
Eoya, ISO,
Girls,  17..
AVkirftj^o
103 RO.
i.etual
at.ter.dflnco,
' Ul'.l
I II. I
i'IH    PROBATE   WO,   B,  OF  1008.
I    'JJoticc in horeby plvon that on
, thu aoventli Ony of Jununry, 1008
WOTICH i» hereby j-ivon that on I Jtwas ordorod by Peter Ednumd
U.   -l:\   H;.-   of   l.nunrv,   10HR,   it ' Wilson,    judfiO   of   tho,, Bflid   OOUll,
- -■*'       - ■-—■  i that Jwnen l'crffuson Armstrong,
. Oiilfiial Atlmiuhitcr in and for thai
i portion    of tho County of   3-aot
_-Cootcu'»y,  inchulod  it; tho   East
i j,'.iiutuiiy  '<_l>;_torul   Uisti'lct,    bo
1 juhninlutrator of ALL and nii.rjul-
:\<:  tho  E'.tato  of John  Scott,  of
■iiifti'.vood,    In  the     Province  of
(I. h. W!ii_!.r1M   *   * Mkiiw
tW\VH*W*>«*i
'-•'•I
oJiVirod V.v li'f'lo/ Kdinund Wll
I..'...;. 1      >'i''.'-i,'4   <>f U-.o  nnld
<.■',.  .1: ■!' W.HIfk .-. 3'\w.'J"." of tho
iS^,V!_KW.?i2St!!!?_^jy*?wi»*** *"^1*."' ******** kh«i
JKNTRAL
V
)
/TV
j
f'
'I
•t-
in
i, .
ii'tiri;
1-CV!
h  <\.i,    ..
'r;i I ur df nli
uiiiti   eSi.J'U''
ili'irt ■!
thu PiYjijineo
Lfiliouvci", bo
anil flinRuii.il',
■ind Uk'octu of
iiln nf Ft'rnie, H. i
I'm!, :•  iii-'-.   in,.
C. dcet-jvetd
met ir.. citaiii'.'a to     con*
huiiiers in tho province for cool," ,
, . ...      ,    , - greatest'    -;.]l0  .n.onmWfl  of  tho  reiolutlon i
•vVhititltny-to-keep-uii-ccumKO   con* i ,-flacjn. i
cert on rword.  plant after plant;' w-;;would a.,.,0ftl. that tbo CQRt j
j'i rlo'-Anii down, and waf-es     aro ! 0f r*n\  to   th.» roti-.umnr  in   thi-i ■
!"• *•"■•   •"•'-i..'!  w*iur. \ub MiDUb-  provj.fo in out of all proportion,    is 7< r)?""VA"'' °,^:'  .
Jcncio. point.   For    millionB wagosi'to th„ f?Gt of prodcution. i. *•!?•   of ,llU>ila wlth I«rf»sct nt*
iv.o rtrrjiiptd clear through     the;    «0wirtlV to tho abundance of tho ; «,",f,nnnC,T   -£  i>ni   ,
hollo,, into vucancy, as the «vor-   aoal tbpo8it9,  and tho proximity   ^HSVi'w '       il
,;royin-    host of tho unemployed  of tho    sources   of wpply to thV    5^+^'-t« -i J«       ■
u^^- ,     ,        , JMiukot,  the    eoet of the eoul to I nttR   fW i 92i° '
Time fie reduction of wage, and   tho consumer BhoMld he much U'BBiJ_"'),l£JiJ.J>crf,ft n*t.endftnc4c-
ih» n'riib"i> of (•niMioycrl enntrnrft' tncn lt is at nrcficnt " " ' Ilnry  B.ttejnnn,   Aniv  Bi^-K,   An-
j.t;il (tutl.i'v tin* t.iroady restricted
jMirchtsinrv power of tho market.
At «vpry turn u criiin ferdn upon
itself, producing within itself the
rnujrn that n(*{*ravate its ex.
i'ttencc.
On a    fallinf*   market the little
tho eonMimor nho\ild l;o much U-ss ; T,„ "',  b.V.™
then it is at prenent " *A.nr-,„B7,e"'
f mer/ihant,,nnd.juaaufectur»r,. who
xsfe-rtd their    jfoodl et a bifhtr
BETABBHTO INDUSTRIES.
'•The oxeesiiivo price oi coal In
British Columbia han tho effect of
rotnrdinrf ant! preventing tho es*
tablinhment in tho province of in*
dustries depending upon th* fuel
supply. ..   ...... ..,*".,   -.
"Much   of the    product of the
(Jlndyri
.iiiij. . nucuii'tcr,
MncFarrjUhnr, Margan t
'rluiiui'Vi-uit, iihbta ii.tittiiron, Nfl*
ii« WficDou^all, Helen Muirhead,
Elsie' Woodhoimr.
Ml»»rd'e
temper.
Liniment-   Curot-   Die*
intcsiiitOi
... ,Cl,j      k.M>,i,ll>      ft      l.  ».iv'.      j.'.-u^.l
jhu\iny     i.ny n\:Aiv- „iJpon, or     in-
1 torout in  the  distribution   of_   tho
Hi citato of tho uuid dau^acod, is re*
quired to nana before tho li»t day
of March ne;:t by rt'/^Kttrcd lett-jr
■ aUClltbhl'tl   lo   Xflti   imci(l!..;<lii:U   M.i
name and addroun and full parti*
cularn of hi« claim or intorcnt,
and a fitatcmont of hin account
,-vud tho nature of tho nccurity, it
any, hold by him.
After tho naid Inst mentionol
r\«.r*s iho .•idmini'.lrrtor wiH proceed vjilh tho diettributlon of tlio
ortnU' liavinn regard to those
rlaiiun only o: which he shall have
had hotico.
DATED at Fernie, this 25th day
of January, A. D«, 100.1.
LAWE & FISHER,
Solicitor, for the admlnietrator
iforeeaid, ...       ,   ...
I' Every ' creditor or other pnrnon
| having ft**y claim upon or intor-
I est iu tho distribution of tho.Es-
i Into of the said decoueod
rivfi''-"l   to   Her.d
Vicforcv  tho
ii,
is   ro-
15th
1 -i ...
ii
r', it   .it,.in .tti,   itiUt-,1.      i lit.' i,|t>i«j i:l
tjii)j|<jK'U vwi.li Liu* iji.-i.;),uu iiiiiiiutr,
ivlTorrt",   'J'l.f ba:' Is suppl.nd
Willi tlio lii'St wines, 11-
(inoj'P aiidcl^in'B.
! cd letter, addresked to tho under*
! !.i;-m.d, bia nav.m and nddrcaa and
tl.'o full partirulnrn of his claim
or iniorcnt and a rit.atnmont of hio
account, and \\\o nature of tho
reuvtrily (if any) l»'1d by him.
/■ftor 1 he* ftfiid lfiFt mentioned
clittii tho Administrator will pro*
e-?rd Willi th'' distribution of the
ftatc, liivj>uv icinird to tliOBO
cla^nvi only of which ho chall have
had notice.
Datod ut '.Cranljtsoal:, this 7th
day of January, A.D. 1008.
Jamee Fergueon Armstrong,
OfleLu Adninittrater.
Jas. Severn, Prop.
C\mi   <k    MOFFAT
5Jeal
Townsllo  Aj,reiils
I'V.rnlo arid Hosmer
Klro,L|lo& Accident Inaoraric*
Estate «,_tKi.Jh..I.-»_.'(,
I- _HmU -**1-!___.ilUJn.Tll
KSTBXCT' 1*E_K>E«;: FEKHI-5,
' ~*i 'i' '" I "    ' '■»* — i--- fj-^f ■;        -      ._.
BrCii pes_wtabt; 8t&; iwft,
■_>r* r"j|--»iJ-i**-".i.   ,-»> ; ^li ii,, i iiiMw-tha-ftii-^i i      ■'■
roxxo:o:oi<xoiao:o:ao©
«®®®®®®@®®®S®
®®®(j®<S®®<^^
(!)
ARE FLAYtD
lliners Say They Wm Suffered
injustice at Hands of Courts
by Unjust Prohibitive
Orders
OPBUTORS AND-
*%>%%>%*h>%***hAV%*^V%**/%*'*'*%*A^%>%*%*>+>1
When the subject of injunctions,
•which the miners have suffered on
various occasions at the hands of
federal judges, was put before the
convention, Tuesday, they were
denounced by the delegates. Delegate after delegate rose to quote
instances of' unnecessary injunctions issued against "districts, locals and individual miners.
"We are ,only too tired-of this
soft soapj business," said one of
the speakers.,"It has continued already, too  long  and has  disgust.
'us all. It ought to be condemned-and condemned right now, The
laboring man of today does not
seem to' realize that his vote
counts-for as much as the vote
,of a capitalist. - When we send a'
man to   congress  we-'should  send
• him with the understanding   that
. our  cause '  will     be   championed
rather than ridiculed."
A'resolution     was presented iby
, the resolutions committee relative
to the1 establishment of postal
savings banks. After considerable
discussion the convention voted to
recommend the establishment of
these banks. Many of the, miners
declared that they had been losers
"in- recent^~b"ank—failures-and"that"
they were anxious for a place to
deposit their earnings where safety was assured.
- President Mitchell denied that
the coal' operators would fail to
come to Indianapolis, Thursday,
to consider the revival of the
wage scale in the central competitive field. ~.    '       ...      .... -. ,-.,,
. .When,, questioned regarding., a
dispatch from Washington, D. C,
to the>v effect, that ho had been
slated'" for chief of "the proposed
bureau of mines. President Mitchell stated' that he had no ambition to accept, a federal position., ,.','•.
A resolution was presented to
the,.delegates,of „the "United. Mine
Workers convention, Tuesday
morning,  . by the resolution com*
'' mittee, providing that President
Mitchell be given a vacation     of
•- six - months;- beginning April 1,
when he , retires from office, and
that ho receive full salary, traveling expenses and fees for medical
attendance during that time. In
caso tho executive board sees fit
to, prolong President Mitchellja
vacation, tho resolution road,'1 ii
should b.e given power to, do 'so.
The resolution vraliadopte'd.    .,*
3To sooner was tho- resolution
presented than President Mitcholl,
who was sitting among the dele-'1
gates, roso to his feet,and in;, an,
impanoloned address ' expressed ,-hiii
appreciation, Ho accepted, tho
offer made in tho resolution.
As soon  as he had dono so, Delegate, Harrington, wa^, on hiufeet
Meeting to Consider Estabiish-
ment of Scale.
' Despite ' the many rumors j;hat
the coal operators in the central
competitive field are unwilling to
consider a, raise in-the, wages of
the United Mine Workers of America, the fact that the leading operators in Ohio, Indiana and West
ern Pennsylvania, who are as busy
men as can be found, have left
their business and come to Indian-
apoliB to confer with the miners in
a conference which began Thursday .morning, at the Claypool,
proves that they cannot entirely
disregard the, wishes of their employes. Of course, both parties
plead that the matter of wages'is
not involved. But when questioned closely, the older heads among
both operators and miners do not
deny that the- revival of the wage
scale, if it be revived is the "first
step" toward demands for higher
wages.
Of the operators in the competitive field, those from Illinois seem
,to be most conservative. While
not entirely' opposed to the present conference and the possible
revival of the 1903 wage scale,
disrupted in 1904 by the miners
accepting a reduction , of 5 per
cent, in; wages and raised by the
individual operators in 1906, according to the provisions of the
famous Ryan'resolution, they have
at least been indifferent. The operators from Ohio, Indiana and
Pennsylvania seem rather inclined
to favor the o1 old scale, although
they wince at the idea of increas-
ed   wages.   At tne     present_time.
C.  E.  LYONS
Auditor, Accountant, General Agent
. Life, Accident and Employer's Liability insurance
Bocks opened,   closed,   audited, and accounts  kept in the
most up-to-date manner.
Office,  Burns'  Block.
Fernie, B. C.
te
yi
y
Saw  your
By Power and
Cbrdwood
£save'
money
<§>   Cost of operating
<y very  trifling   "
% ■
'i 4> Circular Saw Frames
|> Drag Saw Machines
?..   ■ n -. ■ WRITE   US
Stationary and Portable^
Sawing  Outfits
FOK   CATALOG
t«%%^«veV^*%^%*<>^^^VM^^^4
tions against the labor unions
were roundly denounced, and«"the
report .was concurred in by ■ the
delegates without dissension. Feeling against injunctions suffered by
the..labor element of this country
at the hands of federal judges was
expressed without reserve, W. -Br
WUson, secretary of the miners,
read the report; -, •
It said, in part:
"He must demand of our representatives in congress to know
where they stand with reference to
this evil of government by injunction. The American Federation' of
Labor endorsed the Pearce bill,
calculated to-remedy this, wrong.
j We, the United Mine Workers of
j America, recommend the immed-
j iate passing . of the Pearce bill
without amendment and . " urge
every official'.and, member of the
organization to write personal
letters to congressman and senators urging the passage of this
bill."
Vice-President Thomas L. Lewis,'
John P. White, Secretary W. B.
Wilson, John H. Walker and James, Clark were on the committee.
and offerod an/ amendment to tho;' pxpiros,
resolution;   Perceptible shufllo  'of
foot    and subdued whispers '■ wriro
hoard all ovor tho hall.
Delegate Harrington stated that
ho wished; tho resolution to bo to
the effect thttt tho power to pro-
long President IVTitchoU'R vacation
be left with tlio local union,:) and
not v.>Uh,f!ie''.-.-''k'uUv.!,bb"::l. V.Y...
amendment vai ■laid on tl.n table
by n uniovmoir-i vote.
Sovoral resolutionn which v/oro
not concurred in by tho resolutions committer:, were read, recommending that PronMcmt Mitcholl bo
renni«t>ratetl for., his sorvicc.'i to
tlio organization in a pecuniary
way, Tho committee reported
that it could not concur iu any
of these .resolution,", beer..'.::.: of tlm
opposition of President Mitchell
to accept any money, 0„u of
thu.'jo provided that P:;;Jd«v.-.t
Mitchell bo rotaincd in ra mIvino ry capacity with a wniary oi
$15,000 per annum,
there is a cry of "bad coal industry" and it is possible that
the miners will not try to force
an increase at the present time.
While miners and operators bitterly assail each' other' in debate,
personally they are close friends.
The operators place the utmost
confidence in President Mitchell,
and,, as. a rule,- offer the presiding
chair to him in joint conference. .
The national officers and district
officers are representing the miners'
in the" conference. Among the operators present are: W. K. Field,
G. C. Weitzel, H. L. Chapman, and
F. A. Pendergast of,Ohio; J. C.
Kolsem, of Terre Haute, 'and
Hugh Shirkle, of Clinton, president of the,,Indiana, association;
H. H. Taylor, Walter J. Phillips
and G. W. Schuelderberg ,of Pennsylvania. Frank" Si Peabpdy,
Herman Custi and Harry Taylor'
are representing the Illinois' operators. ,
The operators of the compositive field held a "got together
meeting" in the assombly room at
tho Claypool hotel, Thursday
morning, .provious, to the joint
meeting' ;.with the, miners. W. H.
Taylor president of tho Pittsburg
Coal company presided. 0. L,
Scroggs, of Indiana, 'acted as secretary,
Every effort will be made before
itho operator,?,, leave Indianapolis
'to agree 'on ii, date to consider tho
rovival of tho old wago scalo, This
meeting, if held will tako placo
some timo before April 1, at which
timo tho-.present individual scale
ST. LOUIS TO GET
NEXT CONVENTION
,Kj ■■■ll/ '
First Time in Eight Years That
—Meeting Place^faged—
And.when this capitalist , tool
could not prevent Bros. Davis and
Gorton in their good work:'
This tool played his last card in
trying to discredit the officers of
this union which he Jailed   to do.
The reputation of the officers of
this , or any other country, will
bear investigation in this" or
any' other country will .-this
tool bear the same, •■       „■ ;
Workingmen should think before I
coming here. You are'apt to hit j
the oft repeated trail after you I
have(,got in a couple oi shifts.   ■   J
■Thanking you in advance for j
space in your,paper, ,        '
I remain yours for the Revolu- j
tion, , I
FRANK  STEEL.      j
President, Merritt "Union.
■   "U. JLYL W.  of A. ;
Canadian Fairbanks Co., Ltd.,
Vancouver,   B. C.
Montreal, Toronto, Winnipeg,  Calgary.
ANADIAN/-)-
'i^eiBC W
For those who could not get
away daring the busy holiday
season we recommend ....
Why are you a Socialist?
Why are you not a Socialist?  ,
What is the correct definition of
Socialism?'
Any future letters On -this subject must' be curtailed to .less
space. We cannot give so much
space to each answer.
n
si St.
tun)
" "   I,A
Effort to fe/ive Oki Scale
tilted District
It was voted at the convention
of the United Mine .Workers of
America, Saturday morning, to
hold the next annual convention
at St. Louis,, Mo. * It will be the
first .time, in the past eight years
that the convention has been
held elsewhere' than Indianapolis.
Nearly a score of. cities were mentioned for the .convention'but the
race was between Indianapolis
and St. Louis, Three ballots were
cast> ■     • i  ,     ■ ,■•."''■'"
When the agreement of the miners and operators reached at the
joint conference,. Friday,, to hold
another conference, Feb. 27, to
decide whether a call' for an interstate wage convention should
be,issued, was put before the delegates "for thoir ratification, much
heated argument took place.' , It
was .finally voted, to report to the
operators that the conference committee, .will '. ,meet; with them on
that'date'to' decide if possible, on
another date for, the wage conference.
For,a time it looked as though
the delegates would not acodo to
the request of the operators to
meet tho, miners on Feb.,37. Delegate Manning denounced: the methods of the. operators in' warm
language and declared that thoy
wore1 "dallying"., ''with ,tho miners,
,Be iSttytod '. tbftt'such-a postpono-
mont in issuing the call was unnecessary. It was an imposition
on .tho -."rank and file" he said,
fjand tho local unions to foot tho
bills to, sond reprosontativos , to
Indianapolis to confor on a subject that •, could- be doeided while
thoy.,wero already hero."
, President Mitchell came to tho
rt-scuo in bin forceful mnnnor. "If
wrDPFftfl'PMTi j<' W,M Possible to do so, wo would
I'Vffl \V'( I'll >r(h'aii- a W!Jn ecnlii.flud t.xlio it. to
.'   '■' .   ! tbo op-'-rptuVH to i.'I,";u at onri'." h'-'.
-_-."•- 'Said,   "But,, this  ia impofvil.-j.i   ;(;
thp, pr-\-;t.'nL tine iy. \uw\\ ';■>: .■..■
di;«iro it. 13ut by failinp; to <:c:u-vv
i:\ the report of tho rnmmitleo tlio
entire, intcrstato coniVri»neo move-
ment }:; JonparrtiK.id." Vice-Prosi-
dont Lowin and, Secretary WiUion
also r-tron(.;ly'rr-commondod that
the report bi< concurred in.
This Far-Famed Sanatorium,
with its Sulphur Springs and
Unsurpassed Accommodation is'
Just the place
to build up and get a Iresh start.
Rates $2.50 per day and up..
This   Company   operates .
Through' Standard  Sleep-    -
ing Cars, Dining Cars and ■
- First Class Tourist Sleepers
For Hates, Reservations and any information desired call on or write
J. MOE, E. J. COYLE,     *
D.P.A. A.G.P.A.
1 Nelson ' Vnnemv;r
PACIFIC COAST GROWN
SEEDS, TREES,
PLANTS  ,
for the farm, snrden, lawn or
i     ' conservatory.
;" Keliablo,    approved   varieties
at reasonable, prices
No windy agents to annoy .you
Buy direct and «-et trees and
seeds that GKOW,
Bee Supplies, Spray Pumps,
Spraying material and
Cut" Flowers
Catalogue Free
HI. J. Henry
Greenhouse — 3010 Westminster
Road, Vancouuer, B. C.
WHY   ARE YOU A, SOCIALIST.
To the Editor District Ledger
Sir:   ■„ ■   ■ _H_   _ _ '
Th^^b^v¥^uesti6n*may"best~b"e-
answered by a little review of our
industrial world,  and the results
arising therefrom.' This conducted
on good business principles, which
is  the    largest returns    from the
least investment. " This explodes
the old myth that-the interests' of
tho employing' and employed are
mutual, '' To any one who thinks.
what a curious medley arises from
the planlessness of conducting our
affairs.   In every community    we
•can1 see things needlessly duplicated.     One instance I give you, the
duplication of the railways tracks'
from.Elko to    Fernie which does
nothing   but to add to the'taxes
on the workers.     Then   again the
employing -  interests    demanding
cheaper and cheaper labor,' causes
race riots,, riots, strikes, lockouts,
boycotts, black list, the horror's
of the sweatshops,  of the stockyards, bubly creek of ill fame, the
peonage of the south, the reign of
graft in every form and walk   of
life,  our .world supremacy in industrial accidents, and the waste
of a good many utilities, tho failure of tho majority vote to bo,effected,  as'.tho. case of oight hour
bill of Colorado  and throws   tho I *"'<D
work of tho world on tho should-1 -.,
ers of' those least ablo to boar it. | {   i ry/i rw{'r:'2   /%i
Tho women . and    children,       As | W l^U.i O'UOO   4.V.,
witness     tho   condition that pre-j        *•"•.-.
vaih in'  this   prosperous country j
and Robert Huntor gives tho num. '
hZ„°J W0™ftVi*pl°yi0,?, in,    'n;i Kouls'iuouv liitV'limt is at
duatry as about five millions!, and '
who,has. not.read of the horrors  THE CLUB CSGAR   STOHE
J.TURNER
Electrician
All work guaranteed
Victoria Ave.
Fernie, B. C.
Cigars, Tobacco, , .
Pipes
Tlii:re is only oiks piueo in town
ivlii'.k'cjyuienn ijcitKooii reliable
Sj i't..
!"f't
ii\    liiii't U^i*j\
Charlestown, W. Va., Feb. 2—'
Nino miners mot ouddon death in
the lower JRonnn mint1, nenr
Hawk's West, in nn explosion
that partially wrccltod the mino.
About S5 men wero in tho mino at
the time of tho explosion. Thoeo
who escaped uufforod only slight
injuries.
Ono of the bodies was    thrown
tu-e
ont cf tbc ,.'.vir.c and into
Gftveral ynrds   from    the shoft.
The cauuu of the uxplotiion huR
not yet been definitely ascertain*
ed.
0" -
Subscribe for the ©letriet Ledger,
The* ct.nl oj.ei-a'uoui in the cuu- ,
trul, co:.ti"?'.itive il'M'1 nnd tho ofll- [
ccu'n of vho IJnitnr'1. iviino \\ orkoi'.j, i
tonrthor.with tho district proni-j
dcuta, met at tins Claypool, hotel,;
Pridny mornin-*. 13eforo the opor-
••itov.-j bvivi) TndianapoHii ovory effort will bit made by both minors
i i   ..... -ii    ti „  „ in,
 ..,    i- ^
rircoilion of thn opfratorn     from
lllinon-*, to decide on a dato on
which to rovivo tho old agroomont
on v;a**i real.?.
Tlm     four ■ji.atnn ;'n tbo ctnlrnl
conipctUivt- fUld held n u.r.r-tin'" at
ti,„  ruM,„„»i    t" .1. „i,w.
rf, ' • ■» .
It was very brief. Tho Illinois o "-
orators, aft' n rule, arn not apreed
on holding an intcrstato convention. They dneirn tbo nihil* tliren
fitnton to hold a conferen'o but
aro desirous of srttUug tlio matter of ':'Hi;<i% in Iliinoi'v n Individual op.-i/ators, Thoy ft ■ t'i-»t
conditions in Illinois ore such
that tlvy c.Miuf'. ! >' ;-9v.*-rn"d !;y
villus applying to nil four iitnie,*;,
Tho report of tho special com*
mittpe on injunctions was rend at
luCai.
IN!0K F0»
H t,
D    .1'
lirn". Dnvii nnd Gorton have,
BUccosMully organiifed a local un*
,w/.» .,. .'.-..I, ..i .*i'.li; ni all ti.w'
nsbtaclo.'t known to tho capit-
nlifit with a mumburuhip of about
tiO,
llroij. Dr.vin and Gorton aro to
bo ..'oufji'atulated in tho cool and
,iu.i.L'-u ii/.o jniim.cr xht-y did tn^ir
woik, mooting all tho blurs nnd
nbv.r-o from tho capitalist owned
i.ool Fouldn, who makes the boast
that hu will have no union in
Merritt.
But a word Mr. Editor to this
of tho child slavery of tho"Cotton
mills and Holds of tho south,   of
tho tonomont' home work  of   tho
great     cities;    "Edwin Marltham
says  in  artificial flower  making,
each'child earns,    two cents an
hour:   tho ' help of    tho   mothor!
rai.'ios tho   average to threo cout!i>|
an hour,   four contfi  a gro'::i      j;i ,
the   .„'.'.'a!;    ■maf;ti.-.;j -pay fov th.. '
v/o"'.-.   T'ii".        cor.:l'-ln-ti     ;,-.:■ :| •'
:,ii':i;:i-!"     bj*:i>:r-.   :;1 -V   , (■;■,,     '_ ■
noU!i,-'.'''.e;iill;«      and       .'iChrx.l   . o. •.   ■
i'.v rt\i'V.?     upinoeb's iu the !,r i.;,' ■
rankle    for      o::iiit(!nco.''
jigain  brings tho ro-occuiijuj
iods of industrial doprcniiion"
the  conffL-'jucutly incr.',*i,siiu-
of unomployr:d, nnd jiov.'rty,
ntitutlon,  crim.i, .dcupolr,  {"niitill ■,
jnnd  Sir,   tho  n.-'ormi it,  ].h.:l;iu'-Ji-
, roplfit,  mgencrator will  m-v,-r
I tor tliiw coudiU'"n  mC ihin.---'.
i thoy aro lilto unto a "anli'i, '
■ primps  only  tb.-i'      ;'•.■ ■  (,-, •.   ,.,.,,.
rhrivo" tin,-mon*   vin-oro'v^v,     r.-Vl*
■thoy   only   touch       rl:\rf:   I'lulrn*
1 mutso, which )•(!::(, }„ r,,i7il!.t, iUl).
porty and pxploitr-.tinn, Hocirlint'i
or. tho other hand by instituting
a co-operative oommnnw.vilth m.iii
e^iiitUMi a system that will
••'r»c a;-.d .;cj-.v Ih
of humnnity,
Thanking you in nnticinntloii,-
HKX2LUTI0IJA-*Y      SOCIAT.7HT
"YES,"
W. A,
,'IIONK 01,
INGHAM, I'lioi',
-    Fkrnu;
U. 0
Fit for a King
Tho meats that you buy
from us are fit for akinjj.
We sell nofhlnpr that is
not the best,, that, is why
we have so many pleased
customers. Lot ub de-
monstate this fact by n
trial, Polite attention
and prompt service,
j Calganj Cattle Co.
1 •au:if«iniMiT)H'ife«#'>*«'-ftM
m *-»**'mint«f*irif h
'*+-w.*M<wiWffm'>rwxr(\\*rvmrw4wmfna>nwri*ui!i
♦>•:••:
> •:« »'* •*••_• •*«»% I*, »T» A A »*, A A»!«»?• A A»'
TVV't'VV.V
vvvvvvvv •'
N'OTIOM
/■.n 1
pt-.--
n«d
mny
f.ir
iv ho
N'iI.Ico it
Ihirt,/ dui'/fl
-..,■   dr. ;.■« J(,
1 ,-j   ' hi' .U'",l.
-if r_.-.ik'-.i
,!':■,    10'
iJH
herohy   giver;,     that
after   date    I     tbo
Kd  iatifiid , to   apply
Un*. Chii-i iJoiiU'tii.'uo!;-
.v.id  vVorlv.i     at  Vir-
lici.Ti'jti to prosiiuot for
on iho follov/-
Fernie Lumber
Co., Ltd.
**>
?
?
?
?
?
?
? AlEX. f-if-DOUGALl, Prcs. & Gen. Hgr. %
if ',IW.' VtV M VI"  V    (  '.Uflf'
t,'WA«hiw»*j
.'.',5,
p^trohiMjn
libod la idu.
encing  .'it
a poi't marked
south ',v<'f<t corner, beta e «iouth oa-'V, t'ornor ot
,:oup 1, thenco RfJ chasnfi
■»,.u
t. Mm
.'I.. (11
(Jt.-J-      1,1 i
oon-
:li;'  tint.
Conn
]*,   Cato
ill"; nh.o
lo'i  I'JO!"!
eaat, thenco" ffO chnin'i nctb,
t'li'iico 80 chainn wer.t lo Uk
siot'i.h caHt C'trnn1, ci iU'>-> (.roup
'., tiioi'.ro 'followlnj" thu eai.t-nn.
'•oundary of naid lot 1'nW (ir'tup
i, to th" point of coniiins. .'cincnt,
containing (MO ucu'S .n*iu oj
Jo::u,
Dated tho 1-1 th day of December
1007.
U. A. vATiu, -oiaicr.
i.< AlcGiiLCQll, A cut,
ltom-Ii &])m :«•(! J.umbcr
D!'i!ci ii.it ,v, liriilfre
IMMnjr,  Moulding, Lutli-t
bhU';'l(-M
Timber .:•
V
Y
¥
mid  Ties, v
¥
,*i.j..i-»«: l •...UMopEiWIiyy,
().'
'tt:iv
ii-
•y Attt'iidMl
MINING CAMP AMONG CLOUDS
auld
»*•-
■ar.
•mitr.'.icn of
Merritt union i.i hero to stay
•nnm hi Ut little waddHnjr rloth-
ei and didn't ask permission of
'.Mr. Capitalist or any ono else
flrand Fork*;, U. C, IVb, *1,—
Away ,,p ftj„on[f tho cloudii at an
elevation of over 0,000 foot, W. A.
ft*.:.it and oihuri aju oLkiMtnu*
the Li-jhtning Peak group ot
clnini*)     ri'-ht    r-     iln> ■ ,'t     ,*
t*"u       w,» Itkt    -,u..,..t»L    Ml
Thundt-'r   Mountain,   ron.e twonty
miles    north     of Franklin camp.       	
Over four feet of unow is not suffl-1 mountain,   which
j-rado ore down the mountain
itiil'i p.onin miloH to a point whore
it-   p.-.,,   ",ft   tv'i.i<fpri''rl   in  nnrV   nn-
imalt, and taken to Arrow Lakes
for shipment by boat to the Trail
Hiuoltor.
It in Htntrd that the ore taken
out thin winter ruii.i considerably
ovor 9-00 per ton in silver. This
mining enmp is well supplied with
x'tio ciioicii'it, cii I'll it' ■—dntr, cati-
boo and mountain rroat bcinf* in
abuiiui.uci;, a:, v/ill ;.'. all kind:; of
small game, TJn.- tjfner.il public
know very little about Thunder
is by far     the
v t;v>«
V
r-,--.^r.s |-,>t --.
4.:.aaa.;.aa.:„j„:..:..
>,!*,;*,'J"J'»!«:
       To force all the laws hencflcnl        „
the  convimtion of the United1 Mine I *o the slaves and to help to make  cient to prevent this enterprising I rieheet    silver  enmp    in   Britieh
Workers, Friday menertf, I»Juii«. ^new ones. rata    from    raw-hiding hii bi|h|Columbia.
The A. Fvlacdonaid Co
(lU'.ul OilK-f, \Vinni])C|>)
l!iiiiit:lic!i—Var.i'oiiviT, Nclton, I'Vriia*
Udmotitiiii, ,\!t.i, /j Keiuirii, Ont.
Fcrnlc,  B. C.     '!
Wlioli-sule   (iroiirii*.,   Flt^tr,    Kivd ^
C(tr,i|j Supplies
DUtriet Ledftr    |1.00 !_f y^r. DISTRICT  LEDGER,  IXRWIE.    ,B., C„   FEBRUARY,, 8th,- 1908.
I
THE ALBERTA
The Telephone Question the all
Absorbing Theme Last Week
Short Sessions the Orderi1
Edmonton, Alta., Jan. 30.—
(Special to the Ledger.)—The Alberta, legislature has been drumming along.during the past week
on some very much routine work
and up. to the iour of going to
press has not done anything much
worthy of record except sto hold
short sessions. On Monday' and
Tuesday ■■ they were unusually
short, 45 and 38 minutes respectively, and yesterday was ' only
longer than the two preceeding on
account of the fact that Cushing
took an hour of the time of the'
house to explain the government's
position on the telephone business
" a matter which is attracting more
attention' in  this  end  of the pro-
vmce than in the south.    And just
while speaking of the matter     of
.   telephones,,    your     correspondent
'' is free to state that no matter
what the merits or demerits of
the government may be in other
directions,  Cushing is certainly no
-club player in this regard. In.his
speech today he told them that
within the next year he would
give long distance connection   i to
"every town      arid village in      the
• province.      It is  Cushing's evident
intention   " to     surround  the  Bell
.   monopoly with a network  of long
distance  wires,   covering  all      the
..outside- territory, which .the Bell
people have not yet touched   and
• then to close in on them by putting rival lines in the Bell terri-
tory and deivy:ngJ:he_JBel],.l_peoplle.
coming' it is that Cushing is not
going fast enough or far- enough.
.Verily, the world do move,' ' and
sometimes the politicians move
with.it. ',>"
.The .. "workmen's Compensation
Act has been printed but has not
yet reached the house yet. ■■ Of
course nobody lias been allowed^to
see it yet as it still belongs to
the- government until it is placed
among the papers (bf the house,
but you may take it for what it
is worth that the act is the kind
that is wanted. It is the English
act word for word except in one
or two minor places where it is
changed for the better. In the
British Columbia act there was a
clause describing . the cases in
which a man might not recover
compensation ^
.; In' this clause in B. C. there
are a couple of very awkward little words. It reads: ,; If-it" is'
proved that the injury'to a workman is attributable to the .serious
an'dr.wilful misconduct , f.'or serious'.' neglect of that workman,
any compensation claimed, in respect of that workman shall be
disallowed.
Those little words "serious -neglect" were capable, of a pretty
broad interpretation should they
fall under: the jurisdiction of a
hostile judge, and there was a
time in B.. C. when it was thought
that the compensation act would
'be unworkable on that account.
In the Alberta act it will be
found that these two words have
been omitted. '
In one or two other minor respects ' the Alberta act is better
than the B. C, act, the differences coming rjup; in the interpretation clauses, which, v as all lawyers . know, .is the place where the
loop-holes are, usually- to be
found.' The interpretation for
clauses of the Alberta act are all
right.   " "•
.The :eight hour law. is just'where
it was.-, a'.weqk ago. , That is to
say' it is yet in, the hands of the
printers',^ and consequently there is
the  right "of   transfer.      This,-, of
course,- would place the monopoly
in a pretty awkward position   as
it would place their lines in direct
competition  with  the government'
, lines giving a much larger. service
or rather,   a service  over a much
larger territory.   It   came   out  in
the    speech  that  the  government
had   been   negotiating with v the
Bell people and had made them a
kind of tentative proposal to buy
them out, but it is perfectly clear
from where we sit here that it is
, Cushing's     intention to make the
monopoly lines worth-about    so
much scrap before he closes anything with them.,,    This little   in-
cident   of   the telephones     shows
how public • sentiment is advancing.,   The most conservative critic
would hardly have   the    temerity
to accuse Cushing of communistic
views,   yot    aside from the wage
question, which, of course is unal-
terably a part of the present sys-
tern,   his   argument    today    was
about as communistic as anyone
would want to hear.   It was   the
kind of a talk which ten years ago
would have been branded as   the
rankost kind of socialism  or an*
•    nrchy or any   old   thing   of that
kind by the property right bugs,
In fact it comes so near conns-
cation that in some countries the
Bell would havo first class grounds
for an action for oonspiricy.     Yet
in the year lOOS.we hear It calm*
ly announced in a liberal legisla*
ture by the one man of them all
who,is supposed, to have the   individualist Idea Impregnating his
■    system,     And furthermore,     the
whole legislature is so thoroughly
in accord   with   the principle in*
volved that if there  is any kick
ization and the Western Federation had "ceased to exist. President Mitchell then replied to Mr.
Haywood's address with much
.warmth. Mr. Haywood went' into
the "details oi the long chain of
labor wars in the-west and declared that the working people were,
better off'than they had ever been
in that region.
"My confinement-in western
prisons I consider to be the greatest honor that was ever bestowed,
upon me," said Haywood. "I
have suffered much for the latter
movement but I have been repaid
a thousand times over."
Haywood was tho central figure
at a mass meeting of the miners
and Indianapolis , Socialists at
Tomlinson; hall, Sunday evening.
Surrounded by a. group'of his Socialist' friends and enthusiasts, he
spoke of his' hardships during his
recent trial at Boise and .the futile attempts of • the author-,
ities to- convert him on the
strength , of confessions < made
by . that ^liar" Orchard. ' He
was roundly cheered- by the miners. ' ,
"The flag of the Socialists signifies to the entire world what the'
stars and stripes. mean to the Un-,
ited States. '' All Socialists revere the stars and stripes, and it
is not wonderful that they should
reverence a flag that is universal:
in-its significance," said'- Haywood. ' ■
■ J. H. Walker, 'delegate from Illinois presided at the meeting. °
A. A. Sullivan, of Ohio and
Alexander Howatt, of ,Kansas,~at
the morning session of the'' convention were elected delegates to
the International Mining Congress
to be held .in Paris,- France, next
summer.
Co., Ltd
Fernie,  B.  C.
Brewers  of Extra   Fine  Lager-
and   Aerated-' Waters. •
Bottled    Goods    a     Specialty.
THE CANADIAN BANK
'     OF COMMERCE
I'ATHOXIZK HOME IN'DUSTKl'
snyconzE
Tr_srx,oisr label
Crow's    Nest   Special
■.AND
■Miner's Favorite Cigars
t- " "
?
y
X
Hotel
£ Tho beBt dollar a day house
♦>, !n the city. '
£ Well stocked bar.
♦•• Liquors nnd Cipars of the
* highest quality.
♦ ross bros.        props.
♦♦♦x*»h»:»x**:»:.*:.*:.*:.*:«x*.:»:*>^»:«
, HEAD  OFFICE, TORONTO
B. E. WALKER, President "   '
ALEX. LAIRD,, General Manager
A. H. IRELAND, Superintendent of
Branches   ,
ESTABLISUKD  1867
Paid-up Capital, $10,000,000
Rest, ■- - - 5,000,000
Total Assets, - 113,000,000
Branches1 throughout Canada, and in the United States and England -
A GENERAL BANKING BUSINESS TRANSACTED
■   COMMEXCIAL AND FARMERS' PAPER DISCOUNTED!
SAVINGS BANK DEPARTMENT
84
Deposits of $1 and upwards received, and interest allowed at
current rates. The depositor is subject to no delay whatever ia
the withdrawal of the whole or any portion of the deposit*
Fertile Branch
H.  L.   Edmonds,   Manager
>M»»f<»»0»»»»»»»»»t»»eee>»»»«»»4<
EASY TO MIX THIS
Coughs 0/
Children
Especially night coughs. Ni-
the Irritation, control the ln-
flimmstlon, check the progress
of the disease. Our tdvlce is
—tlve the children Ayer's
Cherry Pectoral. Ask your
doctor it this is his advice also.
He knows best. Do as he says.
A
We i«>Ul- •aj_f»r*-,ulM
W# binUk .Ushol
from ottrmiiHlBit,
we tirft yta t»
•mult jtur
flofftfir
yers
rnotlnii|rTo"He—saTcTabout it. How -
ever it will probably come up in
the early part of next week: From
a chat with' the' members., of the
legislature it is. pretty'' clear that
the law. will be- what as wanted
alright, although- it-- is also clear
that- there are' 'Some members of
.the house that would just about
as soon ,vote against the bill and
probably would-if it was behind
it.
A resolution which attracted a
good deal of attention this week
was the one introduced by Simons
of Lethbridge and seconded by
Reilley of Gleichen-calling on the
Dominion government to bring in
legislation to the effect that an
investigation to fix the blame
should be held before a railroader
could be charged with a crime in
case of an accident. As the Dominion law stands now, the railway employees are right up face
to face with a charge of manslaughter whenever an accident
happens on the road and it is getting to bo the common thing to.
arrest railway men and send them
up for trial on general principles,
in which case the railroader has
to defend himself against the
crown at his own expenses and the
liability on his part is found out
after ho has spent his good money
in self defence.
The big week in. the session will
be next week, when tho legislation in which the members of
District 18 are. interested, will
come, up, and ypu. may; look for
something more definite in next
week's budget.
Prepare it at Home M ShaSunj Salients
.."Weil in a BnHIa '' ".     °.
Joint accounts
The Nova Scotia "Lumber
King" says:
•'I consider MINARD'S LINI*
MENT the BEST liniment in
use. ,
I rot my loot badly Jammed
lately. I bathed it well with MINARD'S LINIMENT and it was as
well as over next day.
Yours very truly,
t. 0, Mcmullen.
If you think comtlpition li ot trifling
consequence, (u.t ».- your doctor. Me
will dlssbuse you ot that notion in short
•rder. "Correct It, it once I" be will
tiy. Thtn stk him about Ayer's Pills.
A mild liver sill, all vagettbU.
JN BHN6 JAIL-D
At tho conclusion of his address
before the convontlpn of the Unites. J.ii.c Vt"ot..cro <n Amenta, Monday morning, W, D. Haywood, secretary of tho Western Federation
of Miners, acquitted of complicity
in the murder of Gov. Stcunen-
berg, of Idaho, extended his hand
to Prasidcnt Mitchell and the
two labor leader*, stood with
1;audit eluded for -ouie minute?,
while the miners gave lone; and
loud applause. It was a sign
that the enmity that had once ex*
itttod between the national organ-
What will appear very interesting to many people here is the
article taken from a New York
daily paper, giving ■ a simple prescription, as formulated by a noted authority, who claims, that he
has found a positive remedy to
cure almost any case of, backache
or kidney or bladder derangement
in the following simple prescription," if taken before the stage of
.Bright's .disease:" --•■„..
, Fluid Extract Dandelion,—-half
ounce Compound Kargon, ,. one
ounce; Compound Syrup Sarsa-.
parilla, three. ounces. Shake • well'
in a bottle and take in teaspoon*
ful doses after each meal and
again: at bedtime.
A well-known druggist here : at
home, when asked regarding' this'
prescription, stated that th*'1 ingredients are all harmleisj. a'nd,
can'be obtained at;a small' cost,
from any good prescription phar-<
macy, or the mixture would be
put up if asked to do so. He
further stated that while this prescription is ' often prescribed in
rheumatic afflictions with splendid
results, he could soo no reason
why it would not be a splendid remedy for kidney and uiinary
troubles and backache, as it has
a'peculiar action upon the kidney
struoture, cleansing these ' most
important organs and helping
them to sift and Alter from the
blood'the foul acids and waste
matter which causeR sicknoas and
suffering. Those of bur readers
who suffer can make' no mistake
in giving it a trial.
Two or more persons may
open a joint account with The
Home Bank of Canada,1 and
deposit or withdraw money by,
cheque over their individual
name. This arrangement is
^most convenient for man and
twite, especialiy~iniie~rlull5and"
has" to travel and cannot always reach home by the week
end. In case of the death of
either party conducting a joint
account, the amount on deposit
becomes the property of the
surviving participant without any process of law. To
simplify the management of
your household, or your own
and' your partner's business,
arrange with us to conduct a
joint account., \Ve pay full
compound interest on sayings
accounts. ' .   ,
Froffessional labor organixers
and agitators have for some time
bee,n at work among you inian
endeavor, to organise you Into a
Union, and by that means -em*
barrass the employers arid} the
men.
For the past, three years the
utmost harmony has prevailed in
our relations and a movement of
the character now.attompted can
only work a hardship on all concerned.
For your best interests, your em*
ployers feel that you should bo
WARNED and cautioned to have
nothing to do with these proffer-:.
Blonal moddlers or their agents.
No good can como from attending meotings called for the- pur*
pose of organizing or promoting
a movemont or this character.
Tho safest course is to refuse to
-.oui(.t«ir.<-a.i« tri/i. uUfcinjit to get
you into trouble. By so doing
you will have no cause to regret
your action. Wo, with you, are
inturcstod in the prosperity of
Ronton and tho continuance of
the operation of its mining industries. This condition con Jm
maintained only by refusing to
countenance attempt-* of this char.
act*r.
Approved :--H. F. GRANT,    '
Manager
Kenton. July 20,  1007.
F. A. KILL
Superintendent.
or Canada.
,, ,'.„.., i,... t..
G. W. N;; Bbiiltori, Manager,
Fernie Branch
FOUND'AFTER A
'M SEARCH FOR, YEARS
•f.i-f    ,f   ;!-
To  Our
PATRONS
We thank you for past favors
and wish you a, Merry Xmas.
and  a   Happy  New  Year'
J. D.   QUAIL
Hardware t. fl t. Furniture
&®W4+^M®JBW^44t4l&4>& »*»<»*«>^*»*ft^^'»*»*-a^^4'^'w>-^^<»
The Dominion Meat Co.
Limited
Fresh   and   Salt Meats of all   kinds   in stock
. Poultry, Fislib and  Oysters in season
Dairy Butter arid Ranch Eggs
Phone 4
Fernie
Victoria, Ave
Nelson, B. C, Feb. 5,—Word
reached here that an Italian, named Francisco Oedio,, who blew up
the Canadian, hotel near Grand
Forks. - with dynamite' on November 1_, 1000, killing Louise King
has been captured In Salt Lake
City, has1 admitted his idtntlfloa*
tion and fully confessed'bis guilt.
He has been searched for1 all over
the-west aver since the occurrence,
He . has ' waived' extradition. He
will be brought to the provincial
jail here and be tried for. murder
at 'the next spring assises at
Oreonwood, Besides wrecking the
hotel and subsequently burning it,
the explosion severely injured
many persons, but Miss Xing, the
landlord's daughter, was the only
one who died.
8100 REWARD, $100.
The readers of this paper will be
pleased to loam that there is at
loast ono dreaded disnaso that
science has been able to cure in all
it«t     of-no'tui      nnH  +bnt  *!«t fin + nrrh
Hall's "Catarrh Cure is the only
positive cutu now known to tho
medical fraternity. Catarrh being
a constitutional disease, requires
a constitutional treatment/Hall's
Catarrh Cure taken: Internally,
actine; directly upon the blood and
mucous surface oi the system,
thereby destroying the foundation
of the disease, and giving the
patient strength by building up
the constitution and assisting nature in doing its work. The proprietors have so much faith in its
rtirativt* power*) that th«y offer
One Hundred Dollars for any case
that it frtilrt to cure. Send for list
of testimonial**-.
Address      F. J. CHENEY & Co.,
Toledo, 0.
Hold by Druggists, 75c.       i
Take   Hall's   Family   F,ilU   for
constipation.
'  •  , ' , "■ i    ..,' ■    ■
LIMITED
C OLID , STO.R.A.GKEI
■w,iEio±.inl3-_Jr!j!Hi,;S"'
A.-STD   H!ED*r__.±Ij
Heat
LWAYS a choice supply of Beef,
Pork, Mutton, Veal and Lamb on
hand. Hams, Bacon, Lard, Butter and Eggs;
OUR SPECIALTIES:-
Fresh, Smoked and Salted Fish; always a
good assortment. Try our Mince Meat,
Snurkraut and Oysters.      '
inyrtwui
FIVE BURNED TO DEATH
Kansas City, Feb, 4.-*Jfc'ivs persons were buinnd to deatu ami Ave
others were injured in. a fire in a
three-storey rooming house at 110
Wyandotte street near the business centre. The Are started from
an explosion of natural gas in the
basement at 5 o'clock this morning, the flames and dense smoke
spreading quickly throughout tho
building, and before an alarm
could bo given all means of escape by the ordinary exits had
been shut off. The five persons
tjrho lost their lives were asleep on
the third floor, and all save Mrs,
Jennie Bert were burned to death
in their rooms. The injured slept
on the lower floor and iu the bate.
ment. Most of these escaped with-,
out aid, fighting thoir way
through the {tamos and smoke.
»..t „.;'i,..{..» v-titi ul/io lu ..acue
fitViem ivritn tbp triirniryr V-uilfllx*£,.
Mrs. Bert lost her life in trying to
rouse the inmates.
There   were IS  persons   in   the
building when the Are broke -out!
v.g-^. si.   w;    »Gt>..b«.te   'iiuii,aU*.vk„
KX
night as waitresses and cooVs at
nearby hotels and restaurant*' and
had only retired a short time pre.
viously and they were deep in
slumber. This fact doubtless accounts for the inability of Mrs.
Bert to awaken them. The building was one of the oldest in the
oity and w«» n v«rftnhfo fire trap.
When the firemen arrived it was
already doomed.1 It was not sup.
plied with fire escapes, and the
only means of escape was by way
of the stairway up through which
the flames and smoke poured. -.»•_,-<.«-.(-->-. K*vsu.rK*H*i*t^7
DISTRICT  LEDGER;  FERNIE.   B.   C,,'FEBRUARY, :8th,. 1908.
lURYSAYS
Harry Thaw is Acquitted ott the
Insanity Plea :
New York, Feb 1.—-Acquitted
here on Feb. 1 of the murder of
Stanford White on the ground
that he was insane when the homicide was committed, Harry K.
; Thaw .was committed to Mattea-
wan Asylum, forthe Criminal Insane, by Justice Dowling,'who delayed the execution „ of. this ,'comr-
mitment until 3 o'clock Saturday
afternoon to permit counsel „ to
confer as to. whether, a writ of,
habeas corpus will be obtained to
have his sanity tested by a commission before he leaves the
Tombs for the Asylum.
' If he goes to Matteawan, it ' is
only till such time as he can convince the state lunacy commission
that he is no longer dangerous to
be at large. The popular opinion
here is' that this would not be
long;
The jurymen rehised to tell, the
secrets of their deliberations except that fourteen ballots ■ were
taken. ". ,
,     o ...
Mrs. William Thaw, the mother
said on receipt of the news of "the
verdict: "Thank God, my son is
saved.     I am perfectly satisfied."
: o	
CANADA'S FOREST AREA
run. ' Giebelpoff invited Buice ' to
fight it out, and still remained
talking with. the girl. Buice entered the house and reappeared
with a rifle. His rival ran away
at,, top speed, and Buica fired a
Shot into the air to make him
run faster. Buice and the girl
then re-entered the house.
• A quarter of a mile up the street
J, C. Messender, aged 45, who had
retired to bed early, came down-
stairs-for a drink of water.,., -He
was just at the foot of the' stairs
when the stray bullet fired by
Buice hit him. The'bullet went
through the side of the house and
struck. Messender; in .the ■ abdomen.
He died; naif.. an hour later,\„Two
hours later Buice was arrested. He
declared he had no • thought of
shooting anyone as he simply
wanted to scare his rival." He was
not even' ■-acquainted'- with'-Messen--
der, who leaves a widow and nine
children.'" '   " ' ''
SOCIALISM
' COHMUMSM ?
JAP DROWNED
•> Canada's - forest area has been
variously estimated at from eight
hundred" million to three hundred
million    acres.' The latter is   the
_1 _*. f ec'f acfifii a t*_.__- *- M/?='Mrtte=r*r*i,fi,A**,=V**0_
— «T.W*"WW v — C-* V>4*1U WCi^"***\*— •-* nu — fc» w Cu— Oj"
Dr. B. E. Fernow, the recently appointed Dean of the Faculty of
Forestry at the University of Toronto. He is* one of the best authorities on forest subjects on.the
continent, and for years was head
of the United States Bureau of
Forestry. His estimate, he thinks
"will cover the commercially vaU
uable timberland area, actual and
potential." ,,At this.estimate the.
forest area of Canada , is "not
much more than one-half of the
commercial .forest area of the United States." ■ ,      "
Mr. R, H. Campbell, Superintendent of Forestry for the Dominion Government, gives a rather larger estimate. He has calculated the forest area of the Dominion at about 535 million acres
divided as follows:
Acres.'
British Columbia 188 million
Man. Sask., Alta., and
unorg'anked. territories
 ISO      "
Ontario   40      "
Quebec ,  120      "
New Brunswick ... '.      1\   "
Nova Scotia     &      "
"Inexhaustible" usod to be a
favorite word to describe Canada, s forests, But the drop from
the old figure of 800 million acres
to the more - reoent onee given
above shows clearly that the more
Canada!* forest,, woalth is investigated1, the lets are people inclined
to use tfcat word. Great as this
wealth nay be, it is for Canada
to husband her ■ resources, and
make her., forest* a permanent a»*
aet. In order: to do this, *he
must carefully protect her forest*
and lee to their being reproduced,
.that a /future supply, of timber
may be ensured from (hem,' -This
would mean the eareful management of these \**Ti4n,A'%n'%tiSniii\o
and business principles, and these
it is that the forestry movement
is seeking to introduce through*
out the Dominion,
RANDOM SHOT TOOK
lwi^ir#>i,ii a
New Westminster,' Feb. 4.—(Special)-—Four Japanese, who arrived from Mexico' by the, steamer
Lonsdale on her last trip, and
were denied admission to Canada
attempted to escape from the vessel last night..
The Lonsdale was lying here
and the Japs jumped into the icy
water in Fraser River. Three were
recaptured' and one was drowned.
His body has not yet been recovered.
Vancouver, B, C, Feb. fl.—Oscar
Buice is in jail on a charge of
manslaughter, which mmr* *ibont
in a moBt remarkable manner.
Buice ha* for year* lived at the
home of Henry Martin, on Barnard street, and was in love with
Helena Martin, the eldest daughter. A rival for the girl'* affections in August Geibclpoff, who
Accompanied the girl home nt midnight. They were saying good-bye
at the front gat* when Buice appeared suddenly, and ordered
Oiebelhoft •.'way, .Htoreatintag . to
Wew hk tea*.   <_% if he did net
DON'T SUFfER ALL WINTER
Read This Evidence and Begin To-day to
Cure Yourself With Dr. Williams'
3 Pink Pills
- Sciatica     is" neuralgia     of the
f5ci"tic-ne!ive. Its«origin_is„generr_
ally rheumatism and is the direct
result of taking "cold. For.-this
reason the "-. disease is commonly
known as "sciatic rheumatism."
There is only - ■ one thing more
painful than sciatica and that is
the treatment of it, as .practiced.
The sickening burning of the flesh
is only one of the forms .of.cruelty employed by the old .school
doctors,, and .all. too often this is
entirely vain for the relief gained
is.but temporary.
It is a 'scientific'fact that the
majority of sciatica cases result
from exposure to cold when the
patient is in an anaemic or bloodless condition, in which the nerve
is literally starved. It needs no
argument to show any reasonable
person that a starved nerve cannot be fed by the application of a
hot iron to tho outer flesh. It
may deaden the sciatic pain for a
time but it will riot cure sciatica.
, Absolute rest is the best aid to-
proper medical treatment. Rest
and Dr. Williams' Pink Pills
which actually make new blood
and thus feed the starved, nerve,
will cure most cases.
Mr. H. W. Await*is ono of tho
leading merchants of Hemford, N.
S. A few years ago was a great
sufferer , from ' this excruciating
trouble. He says;— "The attack
was so severe that I had been off
work for some timo. The cordB of
my legs wero all drawn up and I
could only limp along with the
aid of a stick, The pain I suffered
was terrible, I was in misery
both day and night. Every
movement caused me such pain as
only those who have been tortured with sciatica know. I was
.treated ' by several doctors,, but
they did not help.me a bit. . In
fact X almost began to think my
condition was hopeless, when Dri
Williams' Pink Pills were brought
to my notice, I got a half dosen
boxes, ' I had used the . entire
quantity before Z found any bene*
fit.; But I was encouraged'and
got a second half doieb boxes,
and before these were all gone
every vestige of the trouble had
disappeared. Not only this, but X
was .Jmyroved, jn health in every
way, as it will be readily under,
stood that tho long siege of pain,
I had suffered had left me badly
run down. I can't speak too high,
ly of Dr. Williamr' Pink Pills. I
can't recommend them too 6trong.
ly to other sufferers."
Sciatica is stubborn in resist*
ing treatment and the patient
often suffers for years. Dr. Wil*
liiuns' Pink Pills    do not simply
. .c'tUtt. l.tc i'uiit. ii-vy cute Ui«
I dinr-rtfi*. e-iufii'd by poor wnifry
j blood. They actually make new
| blood and have therefore a direct
, and powerful curative effect on
such diseases ns rheumatism, an-
i nemia, gonernl debility and after
r-...t,-      ,*    tt.r     ..,.1.. * ,.     ;i	
■ ■. - -      '     -. ,      ....     t*   ' *' '*■■»     ■*.*'•    »..-.»£ 4
j depend upon tho blood for nourishment, Dr. Williams' Pink Pills
are unequalled for the treatment
of even the most severe nervous
disorders, such as neuralgia, partial paralysis, fit. Vitus dance
and locomotor ataxia. As a tonie
for ths blood und nervf-g they ore
used everywhere with the great*
•Mit success, bukldiuK up wabUd
bodies and bringing the glow of
health to pale and sallow eheeks.
Sold by all medicine dealer* or by
mail at SOe a box or six boxes
for le.&O from The Br. William*'
Medicine Co , Iroekville, Ont.
Under Socialism people will produce but not consume, in common. - ■ '     ,
Our aim- is Socialism, not Communism. .. We want, this understood.
Between Socialism and Communism there is a great deal of difference...^     ...      -..,-..
Collectivism is not negation of
property',, nor is. Socialism. Please
keep this in "mind.
Socialism simply demands the
collective' ownership of the means
of production ■ and distribution.'
We,, will .produce in common, but
the ' consumption will remain individual.,
■ Socialism will control  only our
"-. -^ ■- ,*   ,. ■-■■ ■• - - rf
capital, not our property. A Socialist commonwealth will not do1
away with the individual ownership of capital.
It is Communism' that denies
ownership of all' property. The
Communists want to produce, and
consume in common. 'There are
few conscious Communists in the,
world at  the present time.
To make myself still'more explicit, "capital" is that part of
wealth which is \ised as means of
production—that, is, raw materials, as machinery factories, etc.
To socialize these is the aim , of
all Socialists.
But all the products and wares,
for consumption and personal use
after they have been distributed
will remain private property.   ■
It .is necessary to state this at
this time because there are some
Communists who think they are
Socialists. \,
There are even some editors who
seem to find it difficult to distin-
quisn between capital  and property fr.om a Socialist standpoint.
!,'A Social-Democracy must social
ize capital because in the Co-operative Commonwealth the. industrial
democracy' must rule.
Under the present1 capitalist system collective capital, especially
as organized in the trusts and big
corporations, has practically nullified most of the advantages of
political democracy, and thus the
capitalist class has become the
"ruler qf the people. .
, It is clear from all this that the
people turn .privately owned capital into collectively owned capital as a matter of self-preservation.
The , people must do it because
private capital, which was former-,
ly a means of progress is now impeding progress,
In short the private ownership
of capital for several hundred
years was a historical necessity.
Now the collective ownership of
capital is becoming a historical
necessity.
That such is tho trend of the
time we can soe at a glance from
tho discussion that is going on in
the daily and weekly papers and
in the magazines.
But'that trend is toward Socialism,  not toward Communism.
The measures that the Socialists
will take and must take will closely connect with tho present system and evolve from it. As a
matter of fact, the collectivity—
that is* the nation, the state and
the community—will closely follow along the lines of what people have already long been doing
;only they will do this from a
Socialistic standpoint.
So Collectivism is not Communism,', and Karl Marx and Pried-
rich Engels, for instance, who in
their early days were Communists,
later on in life became Collectiv-
ists and Social-Democrats, Communism has often been tried and,,
outsido - of a few small religious
communities, has failed.
About 1840 there'wos a wave of
Fourieristic Communism in this
country. It was started by
Albert Brisbane, and some of
the rnrnt brilH-tnf nnd hutt *n»ri
and women this country hns *iv<»r
produced participated in tho ex*
porlnients. But all the Com*
i munistic settlements whero the
j religious and      ascetic   elements
it'o*'*. ■^fV^ri** cor,"  (>»"',,.» *r. v,«.»,.1.t-
Socialism, or Social-Democracy,
j has never been tried, because it
! will be the outcome of modern
| condition—of the invention of
j machinery and the centralisation
i of capital on the ono hand nnd
the development of political democracy on  th»» fithf-r,
Communism    would    be a itep
backward,  would be a retrogres*
•ion to a very primitive and low
•tag* of human society.
8»iial*B**s*>enary will mtaa   "a
step forward toward a higher civilization than history-has ever
known. „ .    ,
Just to emphasise the difference
between ■,» Collectivism and Communism—between the collective
ownership, of the means ot production and distribution and the common ,, ov.nership . of everyming—
there. is nothing in - Collectivism'
that will prevent people who are
so inclined from saving.
They ■ will De abie to save Just
'as'much, as they wish; they will"
be able to utilize their savings ■ in
any manner■' they choose with
one single exception. They will
not be able in any possible way
to "invest" their savings—that is
to say, they will not be able to
use their savings to make profit.
Of course our capitalists will cry
out,',"What is the use of a man
possessing a hundred thousand
dollars if he. cannot'invest his
money?" which means, what is-
the ,'use of, a,, man possessing
wealth if he cannot use it to work,
others and live himself without
work? ;
This, I will admit, is a grievance that cannot be helped,
But it is a grievance that is'no
grievance: First, because under
Collectivism there will not be the
slightest necessity for individual
saving with a - view oi providing
for the future or old age, tor
care will be taken of every citizen. Second, there will be no encouragement for. saving, for accumulating capital will be looked
upon as the .function of. .society'
and.not of the individual.
But it is not my intention to
describe the, Co-operative Commonwealth, the Socialist l^ebub-
lic or any,other future state in
this article.
I have simply tried to bring out
a  few   of    the  differences between'
Socialism   and   Communism,    and
about    these a.   great  deal more
may be said.— Vanguard.
 '. o	
,,."-1 H'
■' >"   /
WHAT IS MORE BEAUTIFUL.
THAN MOTHER LOVE?
A mother's worries are many. She
sometimes forgets her own bodily discomforts because of her overpowering
love for tho child. ■ She becomes broken
down, sleepless, nervous, irritable and
feels tired from morning until night.
Many mothers of experience can tell you
that at such a time they have been relieved, benefited and strengthened and
■pufintoi"proper"health"by"taking"_~pr6-~
scription'which their mothers had told
them3 was the only.woman's tonic to bo
taken at such times. Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription has enjoyed an enviable reputation for over a third of a century. ' In all that time it has sold more ■
largoly In the United States than any
other tonic for woman's needs, and today its sales aro greater than ever.
In favor of Dr. Pierce's medicines is the
frank, confiding, open, honest statement
of their full composition, giving every ingredient in plain English,'without fear of
successful criticism and with confidence
that the good'Eonso of tho afflicted will
lead thorn to appreciate this honorable
manner of confining to them what thoy
are taking into their stomachs when
making use of those medicines.
ALCOHOLIC TONICS.
A great many women feeling tho need
of a tonic'take a cocktail, whisky, or
<\rhat Is just as bad, somo widoly aavor-
tlscd compound, containing a largo percentage of alcohol, Doctor Plerco's
medicines aro guarnrntoed to bo entirely
free from alcohol or narcotics—made of
roots which cannot harm tho most dolt-
cate systora but havo a wholesomo, life*
Riving, tonlc-offoct upon tlio system.
Tonics made Inrgoly of alcohol Interfere
with tho digestion of cortain" foodB, and
as doses increase tho alcohol absorbed gets
Into tho blood and shrink? tho rod blood
corpuscles. As tho blood feeds tho norves
tho nerves got impropor nourishment and
the. mother becomes norvouB, As tho
norvos suffer so doos tho skin.
Hotter stick to a health-giving tonlo
that lias in tho past third of it century
sold more widely than any othor.
0PKNASTHE1U.Y.
What Dr, Plorcn's Favorite Proserin*
Won li nad& of. Its Ingrodionts ares
Goldpn Soal root, Lady'd Sllppor root,
Black Cohosh root, Unicorn root, Bluo
Cohosh root, Chemically Pure Glycorlno.
Hobnrt A. Hare, M, D., Unlvorslty of
Pa., says of Goldon Sonl—"Good In all
catarrhal,conditions, as uterlno catarrh,
loucorrhoeavetc." .Prof. John Xing In the
Amorlcan DIspeoMtory *»y* of Black
Cohosh root—anothor important Ingredient, |n»favorltePreserlptlonj* "Byiu,
special afflolty-forth* female organs, It li
an efficient agent In iiupproulon, In dyt*
menorrhcafc,it.is turpoiaftl by no othtr
druo, being of greataat utility In Irritative and • eoagelilre tpondlUons of the
by drsgglnf
'T-'
appendages, characterised
pains, <w,"
M Tr«f. Klhjf says of,Unicorn root,
foana-'thliH-nt to'poiiso** a dee! „
bnnnileai Inflaeneo in cues of Juiltud*
with weakncM or dull psin In the renal,
or lumbc-saerol (imull of this hack) region,
It Is ono of our most valuablo agents,
acting us a utorlno tonic, and gradually
removing abnormal conditions, while at
tho sumo timo It imparls tonn and vigor
to tho reproductive* organs; Hence, It Is
much ufotl In Jci/wrr/iaa, omcnorr/iaja,
tiyiimcnvrrfwi,
x rAnTrcuLAn rriASi*
removed by It Is tho irritability and de*
spontb'ncy Unit nftnn attontU thnsn troubles, in thriio cuffs in which tlinro Is
pclvlco fullnw, thn aching, Iwurlng*
down or/fiins fool as If theuumM fall
out nf- Mm fctjdi/. Its action hero Is very
denltipn."
J Jr. Pierre»l'lnasant Pollocs euro bill*
*m°.no<">:, FlcV nnrt bUbm*' nenrtnr-hp, im-
rlnpss. costlvenpss, or constipation of the
bowel*, loss of appotlUi, mated tongun,
four momiicu, windy holchlngs, "hnnrt*
burn," pain and dlnross after eating,
iiml klndrod doranuomcnls of tho liver,
stomach nnd hnw>(*.
T'pr«nn<t unnlortpil '1n tin- nf Mm"*,
IroiitiJdst »0ic»ii)d nowr bo without a viul
nf tho "l'|pfi«ant PHloU" »t hand. In
proof of their Miporlor excpllpncn It can
truthfully \m mid that they nro always
sdnpt/il u a household remedy after the
flr*t trial.
Ono llttlo "IVll^t" |i a laxative, two
arocathartlf. They rpg»'nt«v, Invigorate
and clwrnsn tlio llvor. stomach nnd bowpls,
A:-, iv "tlf.iii.if iilil," lo itrtimotiHllgMlttm,
Savings
best
mnt is yois.*
SECURITY-Total Assets, $.33,000,000.
CONyENIENCE-No formality in opening accounts, or in depositing or
withdrawing money.
PRIVACY—Information as to savings
accounts is confined to trusted
clerks, pledged to secrecy.
J. R.  LAWRY,  AGENT
Fernie   Branch   !
PHONE   NO.   52
HOUSE   NO.   174
The   weary   traveller in search of a . good
home, ■ plenty- to eat and something good to
vdrink-should go to
The King Edward Hotel
J. L.  Gates,   Proprietor
Corner Hanson St.
& Victoria Ave.
Fernie, B. C.
tnWp nnooaplt day, Torellnve thnfllMrcF*
nrlmlwr frmn ovcrf-aUntr. nntlilnir ponnl*
ono of till"! Ilttlfj M'Phiu." '.'hny'ro
tiny, siiBitr-roatod. »nt|.hlllon« pranuku,
Scsreely Urs^r than tmitUrd senli.    »
Or. Hon*» Common fUnw* Mudlr-l
Adviser will n* sen* fre-*, jwipar bonnd, for
llon«Kent»ump»,or etoth*tx>ui>4 for w>
Q R A S PI N G
Opporunities
For Three Months
we will receive subscriptions
to The District Ledger at the
rate of
One Dollar a Year
We want to double our list
of subscribers, Seize the opportunity   and get the   paper
with all the News
Send   your, name   into    the
Manager of The Ledger.
STATIONERY
Wc have just placed in stock some
of the latest fads for printed matter
nnrl  gunrnntpp   •snti^fncripn	
--* V—.._,-
THE.DISTRICT LEDGER
PHONE   NO.  TEN r-jr-
DISTRICT LEDGERS FERNIE,     B;   C,  FEBRUARY,  8th,l> 1908.,,
News of the City
WANTED.—Servant  girl'.   Apply
•to Mrs. H. W. Herchmer's     . ^
FOR SALE    or rent,  5 roomed
shack.     Apply Ledger Office.    .2-t.
TO SENT.—In West Fernie, one.
3 roomed house, and single house.
Apply,at Ledger-.. >   '   ,,
FOR SALE.-—Two roomed cot- ]
tage and lot in Femie Annex. Apply to No. 31,- Fernie Annex. ■
, Thoroughly experienced lady
stenographer « and -bookkeeper
•wants good position.—Apply to,
Ledger office. '
FOR SALE.—5 roomed plastered house, good pantry, on lot 55
xl32 ft.., Also shack 26x1- ft on
same lot, West Fernie,(terms arranged) Apply J. Biggs.
Monev Wanted.—?1,000 on improved'farm ot 160 acres, containing 50 acres-broken, a house
bam, and good well, all fenced,
2i miles from Killam Alta.,- will
pay 10 per cent, for five or ten
years. Apply M. E. Shea, Elko.
. ICE NOTICE. ■ <
We are prepared to furnish No.
lCrow's Nest Lake ice. For particulars, address ' Good Bros.,
Crow's Nest, B.  C.
_ — o '—
J.  P.  Lowe, returned from"Nelson on Tuesday. . ,
'   '   E.  Wriglesworth was ir.     Cranbrook  on Monday.
C.   J.   Bulger  too-  two ' prisoners to  Nelson on Thursday.
W. D. BT-ilner,  of Calgary, regis-
' tered at-the Waldorf this week:
Cut    out    the Chinks, and   patronize the White Man's Laiindry.
L.   0.  Rummer,      contractor    of
Hosmer; paid us a visit- this week.
Miss  Dalquist and Miss Bell   of
Hosmer -were in ,town on Wednesday. , ;
H. Willingham returned on Friday from an extended trip to England.
A. "E. McDermott, of Crow's
Nest was in the city during this
week. - i    ■'
Robert Moore   and  his  wife  returned on Tuesday from a trip to
1 Spokane. ... „.   ~ .':
Supt. Erickson's car was>attached to east bound local on Thursday morning."-- :""■■'r-'-'-T■.<'._.    ..   -
Fred Handley • has sold out his
interest in the livery business to
the  Brooks Bros. ■ 	
*SEE    OlfR   WINDOW!
FOR  THE FINEST  ASSORTHENT  OF
:V EQ'ETABL'.ES I
CROW'S NEST TRADING CO., LTD.
Pay Cash
W. J.   BLUNDELL        Prompt Delivery    g
The Snow Shoe Club went to
Hosmer on Wednesday evening,
and were entertained at Mr. Livingston's. Later on in the evening they journeyed to the new
Gourley House where a swell
dance was held. They, started for
home at about 12, and,all were
well - pleased with the 8 mile
tramp.
A serious stabbing affair took
place here Tuesday night,when a
man named Cameron was stabbed
by two Italians:, When picked up
Cameron was in an unconscious
state and lies in a critical condition. He was struck' in the neck,
back and abdomen. The (police
have arrested three men in .connection with-"the affray. -•>
. o	
'' AT  COAL  CREEK.   .'!
MARSHALL & ROSS
BUILDERS   AND CONTRA0T0BS
Plans and Estimates furnished!
' ','     Jobbing.   Sash and Doors.
Builder's Stairwork a Specialty
Satisfaction guaranteed.
P. 0. Box 133
Union labor
>•'•-!'- of ths last two  Do#
r.re as   follows:   Jari.
A very enjoyable time was had
at the, '-'hurry up," 'dance given-by
"Pat"' -'-Miller's "■>• orchastra last
niffht. r    ,'      ' r
The winning numbers in the
drawing for the Canaries were,
92, 54, 2, 24 and 34.
Harry Pollock returned^to Spo-'
kane Thursday, having' recovered'
from his recent illness.
A meeting of the Jolly Corks
will be :held next -Tuesday night
at 8 p.m., in the Mapanee hotel
diuing room.
Wo have secured tli'o Coal Co's
old offices and will commence al»-.
terations at once. We expect to
move about the 21st.
P, R.-*"Lundic har, been'confined
to his room from the effects of a
fall while repairing his building.
We hope' to sea him around soon,
.7. T.,' Carries; leaves next week
on a visit to his hou'.o in England
He vill b'n much missed while
away, botV. by gentlemen and
ladies. *:
1 Tho ra
Jkv.i  mae
25th. Persy HeDougall, 1st. ,D;;ve
Andi'fson Sn'l, Rf.*.l"li Lrrner 3rd,
Feb. Int. Ruluh Lafner 1st, David
Anderson Qv:1. Harold McParqu-
har 3rd,
The Anglican Church will have
n jnpetir.g of the clergy on Wed*
nefiday next, Special public services will be held In the church
on both evening, at 8 o'clock, All
interested in the Church of England work aro invited to  attend.
Wm. Graham of Coleman, from
Sub-District No. 2 U. M. W, of
A.; D. L. Miller, of Tabor, from
Sub-District No. 3 and W, H.
ftunlop *of Baukhead, from Sub-
District? No, 4, were bore attend- !
ing   tho*!    Joint  Convention   thin,
week.    T> .      ■;
-: t
Next 'Friday afternoon, a-, free-
for-all will be the attraction. Entries mufct bo, ini by Monday-next,
and bo given toMT. H., W-helan.
This should bring out somo good
horse flesh. The horse races for
yesterday bad to be poatponod on
account of tho snow,
Mr. G, G. Henderson odiy r«*
•ceivod notice that he had betn of*
flcially gazetted Jub-Collector of
Customs at the Outport of Fernie
And his name placed on the per*
mnnent list of Government em*
pleyces. Was this the Govern*
merits reply to voc.n: criticisms of
the Fernie office?
At the home of the bride's par*
•ent, 10 Victoria Ave, a quiet wed*
ding was solemnised on Wednesday mominr* lnit. wlir-n Mr C!«**r-
ton C. Wright, jeweller, of this
city, _utl Mi** Annie Josephine
RudnlckJ, daughter of J, F,
Uudnicki, of the Home Bank staff
.were united in the bonds of holy
matrimony in the presence of intimate friends only. The cere*
mony took place at tt a.m., the r ft
•*•_..    I*-.it... rn....__!..  .m.i.a.! ~.
Last Saturday the 1st. inst a
presentation was held'at' the C.
C. L. „A. A, in honor of John
JdcCliment. late overman of No..
2 mine, who resigned, his position'
a few weeks' ago.
' ■ David Martin in the chair called the meeting to order about 8
p.m. After a few selections from
the program. 'Daniel Elliot in
these able words made the presentation:
■ Sir.—I,    on     behalf,   of ithe
workmen and officials of No 2
mine, also   ,a few.,   of your intimate     friends,'   humbly  beg
of  you. and    Mrs,    McClianeut
to   accept  these beautiful  pre1-' ■,
sents not  on account of their
intrinsie value, but as a token
of'esteem and respect, Sincere- ."
ly  hoping   and  trusting,   that
both your noble:-wife^and ,£elf
will     live   long to have     the
pleasure of wearing .them, and.
especially   yourself.       I   hope
Jbhat_eyery_tijnc__|y_ou put  on
Hay for Sale
TRUE ECONOMY should prompt you to do your purchasing here, where your dollars" have the biggest purchasing power.
GENTS'   FURNISHINGS
t-    ' ^ v , .&■-'-. •
Last day'of clearance sale ia Famishing Department.   Take advantage of this money saving opportunity
before it is too late. -   ■ -       .*', ,i'"'
Men's Heavy Rubbers to be oleared regardless of cost
. '    Trunks in all sizes and all. styles„at'' prices "that will force a, change of. ownership .
$
I  W. E. Barker    «_,.»,, „.„._ @
Good .Prairie Hay for'Sale ..
in Car Lots .      '   '■
Cayley, Alta.
OUR WINTER TERM   ,
Opens on January 6th. Why not studj
shorthand, HjookUeein**, etc., and qualify
for a ROod^'SAlnriod position ? We can
help yon.' Interesting catalogue free on
request to F. G. Ourbutt, Principal of
The Garbutt Business Collcse, Calgary.
<S> '' ■-    '  '
■ that beautiful    coat  to w$rm
!   your'  human     fran'ie,^ it^.will
-brihg'back .that warm feeling
to your heart, with' this knowledge of knowing that you are
leaving    behind   you at Coal
Creek more sincere and respected friends than enemies.
■■Among the gifts was, a Fur coat
purse of gold and  a gold locket
and   chain, for  Mrs.   McCliment.   ,
Many     thanks, are   due , to .the,
Messrs 'Puckeys     Earps, Nesbitt,
Sampson,     Morris,      and   ' many
others,   who ..helped' to  make  the
evening very ■ enjoyable.'
The, committee wishes to  thank
ILCKUMMERI
cf ...        ■'-'     ,* '" ■■- ■■■ '        '     'i'
a gtaiEdes*&Gontjacioa- f
<*    -   -  - ' -    '»
Estimates Furnished  and
Satisfaction , Guaranteed. >
#
DRYGOODS
Stocktaking has brought to our'notice hundreds. of remnants  and odd lines that  have now been
cut to halt price and lower than half price to effect a speedy clearance.    Remnants of .
Cottons,   FSanneiettes..   Wrappereties,    Muslins,   Cretonnes,
Sateens, Linens, Lawns, Prints, Silks, Dressgoods, Ginghams
Winter.Blouses at give away prices. , Cost and-profit no object. .  Get the benefit.
Eeadv.made wrappers in Greys, Blues, Blacks a_d. Figured.   From $1.50 to $2.50.
Ladies' Two-Buckle Overshoes* L^eg. $1.90? to clear $1.50
GROCERIES
Our Grocery Department is known for superior quality table, supplies, while; our
prices are acknowledged money savers. -."■■.      .
Fancv Alberta Creamery Butter. "          *%rt a    ,   We are receiving eveiy ctew days by       ilJE^
Quaranteed.the best.' Per lb,..,...  OUv -C ." express Fresh Eggs.-   Per doz    *ff3*V
Canned Vegetables and'PreserWd Fruits., When you require anything' in this line-think of Quaker
Brand, the brand jve carry on account of its superior quality. . " "■'• .'* .'
<v Fernie and Hosmei* |>
i   ■ *..    ■     ■■$
The -firemen received a cheque
for $60-from the C. N. P. Coal
Co., in-- recognition of their services 'in!1 connection with the two
recent fires in the old town, ■ Ehe
the many Fernie citizens for their ! firemen 'feel very gratified to .the
generous donations.        • above,company. ,, t.-.
QROGERY SPECIALS  FOR  SATUROAY
Maple Leaf Tea, per lb..... .........25c
2 oz. Extracts......... .....15c
4oz. Extracts... _....' 2bc      a   ;   „._
Best Apples, 5 lbs... ..;....... 25c
THE  STOEB'OT   G-QQID  "V_A.IjTJ_E]S
i__r
ii
p
v«
\
t
t
WJIl<<WtM-^f^^U,JUll.'A<Jy-AWU-'<OTiWS-W'^
TO  ALL   WHITE   MEN
Rev. Father Tavernier ofnci&ting.
| THE MISSES LAWSON & lOfSTROM
® I.ADV IIAIlflHIl!*
^     A   t»|hiTnittlb<r-ti'w-',i'iiiV ^
(8> trndrt nt* well as jN'Mlftme-'**.     "
®     I -mIIi"..' linir at'it tnvt>* trpfttfil
0 an-' d.iv but Satunl'n'.
#g?g ,-*»<* 4j»\ i    ---->.. «i        ■' -
The  Inijy-looke'd for has now arrived
twntm»mm—m—tm~a~m^mm^"m"l*^M'M'^—^m**m'm*mmm^~"m~*^ ■ i ww********-**-***-i ■ '■
,Th'c up-to-date Fcmie' Steam ■Laundry'
will be open for' business MONDAY.
FEBRUARY iotli. ■ Wc, ■ have-. the'-
best : machinery in the market arid
the most, improved methods. Only
White help is employed. Sanitary
and     satisfactory    work    guaranteed.
SEND   US   YOUR   DUDS
To be clcofiicdl Irs oisr suds
JUST A LITTLE GOOD ADVICE
mmm*rm*v****»<»r*n^miiMw****a»rvn*
i *ti* ~~niv~« lm >a
Laundry called for & delivered free of charge
PERIMIE   STEAM   LAUNDRY
i
Phone No. 135
         A.
Victoria Ave.
MMIOeHWVMkWTtY'/triM*
i
i
s
i
%
Say ! ,Why not have your plumbing1
done now before the big1 rush.     We'
have-the largest staff of experienced
plumbers, steam fitters and tinsmiths .  .;.. ...
in the city.    Prompt and efficient.	
-  SEWER  OONNEOTioNB  A  SPECIALTY -
A, T. Hamilton*. Proprietor
Telephone  1 Next King Edward Hotel
^
^«^^^»^*^^«i!$$I>$»
St.
♦I*
"I*
♦
*
Without using any slang phrases,
we mean what* wc say "Wc are
there"   with   all   the   paraphernalia
iilbiUCK.UI     tU      <J<V..*..»<^      ..ill-     iiUblk.^i   ,
We carry the largest A._ort..K..it of
these goods in the district and for
quality, and price  defy competition.
Whimster & Co.
'i*
#&»«^;^^
BRING IN YOUR JOB  WORK
-*«.
__>u.

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