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The District Ledger 1908-02-15

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"Tliejbfficiul   Organ  of  District  No.   18,. U. M. W. of A
Vol. Ill  No. 25
Fernbs, B.C, February 15, 1908
; DBOT'lNi: B:
Ten lives Lest- m
;ran hi
-tatti Hood,' C. B.y "Sib.■' 11.—Explosion on the south.level of the
Port Hood mine ; occurred'this
morning from,■ an unknown, "oauser
it was first believed to,-;be fire-
dejap, but is now thought to have
been .caused by tne -pp-vder or
other explosives,' as' the mine 'and
levels were,inspected half "an nouir
, before*; thev explosion,:and' there
was no "sign "of gas in the mine.
Port Hood; inine is known to ; bo
•especially free of, gas of any description, and is certainly.-the.saf*.
est mine iixthe province.
Ten men were "shut off- and their ■
bodies have since,been,taken out
1 of the -ininej which' is now in tho
same cphdition.as. before-the- explosion.' No damage, however,
has been caused to"the.mine.
Manager- H., ' A. Morrine; who
has come "iip.from the scone of, the
"explosion, reports ... that, .'all the
bodies -'have been recovered, 'Vand
will come" up to the surface within, an hour. ■    . '      ■--•"-,.''"
The names.vof the dead are as
follows: Miners, John. Campbell,
Duncan Macdonald, Malcolm. Benin, LaUchlin Gillis, Wm. McKee,
'A. D. Macdonald, '" and loaders,
• four Bulgarians. - - -   - *-; ->
There is no' fire" damp or gas in
the mine at present,and the rescuers, had rio difficulty, "whatever
in securing the bodies. *   +
-.All the miners 'volunteered "   to
jfr.i-j'jue the men,- which'proved-.not
'VStl Paul Feb. 10.—"Give ..that
signal and you are a dead man."
This s was an order received by
Brakeman Wyland, of the Burlington road, early this morning, in
the St. PaulVyafds/.as .he'iWas,
about to signal a train to pull
out. The order was, given by two
masked men and it was emphasized by four levelled revolvers. The
"train ' wasf loaded" with valuable
freight and it appears that it was
being looted by ,the two, bandits
at the-time. It was on V Qreat
Northern track and .headed for
Minneapolis, where the 'cars'- were
to be transferred" to^the'Sob line
Wyland-was held in-check _y one
of tae men while the other calmly
loaded a truck with all the freight
it could carry ~and it was carted
away under, the very nose of the
railroad employee, wlio was helpless to interfere. JJoth of the robbers ' then made their escape. The
conductor 6£ the'train was in the
office at the time getting bis running-, orders and' was not a witness to' the .affair. It , appears
that the train was loaded with
Valuable- silks and much of this
Had been'stolen. The train finally proceeded on its way and it
was not until it --eached' Minneapolis that an inventory was made.
It*was then found t.'iit ons car
had been entirely 1 mted of' its
contents. Ii. roasisted cf silks
destined for Canadian i oints. Besides the police of ihe Twin Cities
arid secret service n.en, special detectives of the railroad are at
work on the case bv.t not the
slightest rclue .".to,-the'bold train
robbers-has been "ound.:
A Visit to the New Laundry
. andWat We Saw There:
On Thursday we strolled down
to the new Steam-Laundry, --and
on entering were,met by the Manager, M. J... Casey, - who, as. usual,
al] smiles, escorted us "all through
the. works, and explained all the
intricacies-,-, and workings "of: the
various .machines.'.;..     ^,-
We tried to memorise, the different things and ' their uses, but
la**.,' we are only human'so what,
we cannot explain, go and see. Mr.-
Casey will.be only too pleased to
show and explain the various machinery "and workings. We did see
the - mangle, the extractor, the
washers,-' the collar ■ starcher, the'
dryers,, the bosom, neck band and
body ironer, the shirt machine,
and the shirt and collar starcher
in operation, which, is all driven
by a large    engine:     Thoy make
their own gas,  and have nothing   -    — *  —o   ■•"--- -«.
but the^ very, latest up-to-date and   something,, the .referee appeared on
*l1-*tT*lt*|-.*Tyi_*-l ■•« -. aV..'«a_  All _1        Xt fliA       r->/*nH.-t T>!ia-        Ti        " • _*1
i  IS OPflffl)
TO a Secofid fes of Stanley Gjp
Roe Music
: The. new*
poinp and
House  of ,
-rink was   '-opened on
night,     with     all the
.ceremony of a British
„ Parliament—and  then
some. . The first event in connection   with ? the opening   was   the
hockey   match, between the Wan-'
derers  and - the - Victoria's ■ and  it,
was a. hockey match,  too.     .You
may     not-..,, think so, but-it was.
The .game was slated to start at
7.30, and at-, 7.30 the players assembled on. the" ice, all but Hoss,
and, the referee Rev." Grant:  After
a- very long and tedious wait for
The'   following^ are ,the_,official
"election returns for the Miners In
to be a hard jobj asthere was no1 ternational Union
gas or -fire damp discovered.
-■- The   winners  of last Saturday's
dog     races    -were as follow:  1st.
"""\Ra~iph' Larner; "JJridT^David" Anderson.   3rd.   Hugh'"McLaUE-hlin..
President.—T.' L. Lewis, 64,5534-
W, B, Wilson, 62,472. ' \
Vice-President—John  P,    White.
116,078-:',:   i :"-■:.   -.'   .-   .   '    ... ..'   '.
82,345*; John Fahy
B. Ryan
improved . machinery. All clothes
are. thoroughly disinfected before
being turned out. That.is "something your Chinaman will^nbt'do.
r Fernie citizens should be proud,
and show their appreciation for
such an. up-to-date , laundry, by
completely cutting loose from the
chinks and sending their washing
to the Fernie Laundry.'-, Mr. Casey
tho manager is very courteous,
and is desirous of explaining the
•workings of the place,' and none
should miss the opportunity of a
visit. v
 —o —
Ottawa.,Feb., 14.—It is learned
this • afternoon that' Federal authorities will ^disallow "the British
Columbia Natal Ant..-
St. • Thomas".'JFeb. 14.—Hugh H.
Howard. a.-Michigan Central rail--
"- nr.   ,   *— .—" t*M—j«. \JuiJu*y ~lalfS,!-*-
ly" crushprl between the engine and
tender yesterday.
the,, scene. Then; Ross was" missed
and. wheri' everybody thought he
had eloped, hel suddenly appeared
behind the net." The whistle-blew,
and we. all held our .breath, waiting to see the start, when it was
discovered, that.'the puck had disappeared. After-looking, in vain
for the circular -piece of rubber,
Mr. Armstrong:-came to the rescue'
with.a new puck. Once more the
whistle blew; arid sure enough this
time the ' game-^THE GREAT
GAME—was on". " The" first ' few
minutes was a matter of back and
forward rushes with a few nasty
scares for the nets, and then when
Jimmy Miller was watching' closely, the puck "shot past him arid
Ross ' went "hands?up.'.''-..r It. was
not* Jimmie's fault, for'the puck
was too new,- and could hardly be
seen, at  all. -■ That_made_Jinimv_
_-_L i.   *  7  «  l   »   i *••> _".   »   * .*■. -i ■, ^ _ ■ •_>
Kootenay  Fruit Lands
\A/Hy "^^"ya^ior^en^yacre fr.iiit,.fai:m\which "Silf "yield'you.''.'
. ; \    . ^?m f300.00 to.,.$6oo.oo profit per acre per year?-Situated,in the
District with a most delightful climate, and splendid shipping facilities.   ;.
We pay purchaser's expenses to look'over our land.     It Stands •
Crow's   Nest- Pass   Investment   Co.,   Ltd.
Lethbridge,    Alberta
THAT once moro' he has to al*
ludo to tho ridiculous dispatches
sont from hero to Nelson by somo
"would bo" news vendor. It may
be news, but it is not faoto. Last
week an article under " Pernio
happenings" stages that: "The
cold wave has given way to mild,
•sr weather, with heavy snow
storms, and as a result nearly all
trains are late, and traffic serioui*
ly impeded.". Trufc, we had a
oouple of' days cold weather, and
then milder with snow, but every
train came in on time, in fact
more 10 than previously. So wake
up sleeper, and send facts or nothing. Boost, don't knock the
*■ •   •   •
THAT he has heard or more
complaints about that vicious
dog. How about reporting the
matter to the police, The noxt
person who is bitten should do
• •   •
THAT he is so' tired talking of
thi\t pnpoi- "Hiftt h&s net aypturti'
that ha is not ROing to mention it
again, unless for some very par*
ticular reason.
• e   •
THAT by paying up your road
tax you can walk as much as you
like. If you do not. pnv un, •*■"*.■•
mu walk some that you do not
• •   •
THAT the gentlemen will now
have a chance to see just who is
the most popular lady in Ternle.
He is sure that where so much
popularity exists it wiU be a
rather hard job to pick "Just
one." TTope Cnrrldr won't he ai
i away
THAT when the Chinks saw the
curtain Ad,,of the Penile Steam
Laundry at the theatrfaU" "you
u£i .To.?-: "Btw*A }oa*>U
THAT tho Treo Pross says: "The
Board of Trado would perform a*
service of lnostimablo value to tho
city if thoy'could educato tho cor*
respondents of outside papers to
a proper appreciation of tho per-
nieioua effects of sensationalism"
Thoy might havo also-added tho
Nelson Nows Pernio s Correspondent.
* *   •
THAT we want just 1,000 more
names added to our subscription
list this year, and we are going
to get them too. You can holp
us and at the same time benefit
yc-ursulf. Now come alone* jwith
your dollars.
»   •   •
THAT he is going to request ths
Board of Trade to again purchase
and send another piece of instrumental music, "He" has got back
to the old tune again
»   •   •
THAT our telephone system is
getting worse and worse, if you
are in a hurry you might ns well
walk to tho place you want. It
is ridiculous, and tho company
should give us a better service.
• *   «
THAT the new -?ame called
Duugalow beetus to have made a
bit.   Why on Tuesday night they
Now York, Fob. 16.—President
Patrick MeCormick of tho local
typographical union, known as
tho "Hig Six," ana Gcorgo VV.
Jackson and Vincont J. Uoorgo,
W. Jackson and Vincent J. Cos*
tello, union organizers, today wero
lined $250 each and sentenced to
20 days' imprisonment for disobedience of an injunction obtained
by-*•• typothetae of New York in
1000, Thomas Bennett and Will*
iam S. Anderson were fined $100
on the same charge, Sentence was
imposed by Justice Bishop in the
supreme court.
Ottawa, Ont., Febf 12,—The re*
venue of the Dominion for ten
months, ending Jan. 31 amounted
to $81,003,072, If February and
March show returns as large, tho
revenufl for thn year will be 00,-
000,000. The revonue for January was $7,208,313, as against
90,003,076 for the same month
1 Jift year.       JSuri;^ cirrcspind!^
I months last year the revenue   w«h
j $78,645,730.
The oxpendituro on current
mad; and from where we, sat—or
"stood—we 'could see his jaw's set
with a" click that always' means—
no more past me—some -more brilliant rushes were'JnVadel'by both
teams,; and' for a while the most
of the play was "at", the .Victoria's
end where' determined efforts were
made to score. After about five
•minutes -the Wanderers;-effort were
awarded, and the score was tied, .
Another, start was- made, and
just as 1 the excitement was at its
hig5iesti--bsa»ife—went" ' one fof the •
seats, and -a crowd of ladies and
gentlemen, were rudely jostled- together. It .was the seat that
Bandmaster Pastb was on, and
the fall, happened, just 'as he was
going to blow his-instrument.
.There is cause for everything.
. During the excitement that followed this little incident the players wereworking hard,- and straining every muscle^to break the tie.
Then.one of the players' broke his
laces or something, and the referee gave him one minute ' in
which to fix. up. The minute
up, the whistle sounded and away
they went again. Combined rush,
es, end- to end shoots, individual
plays, trips, falls, dodges by the
referee to avoid the "rubbor" wero
much in evidence for the next few
minutes, and then half time was
On resumption of play more
brilliant work was performed by
both sides, but again tho Wandor-
orn provod too strong, and before
tho ond of tho gamo tho score
stood 4—1 in thoir favor. Tho
Vicn tried hard to score in tho
last half, but as Jimmy had pro-
viously said "no" it ondod that
Tho following waa tho lino up.
1 Kastner
"""' 1'.'"' "" ■• *"'"vi»jr niKuv mey 1 *«w uxpenuiiuro on current ac*
caught an awful easy victim. And 'count has been for January. ?10..
then "Pat" Miller played "John, ' 065,448 nnd for ten months 856 •
poor John." , 338,534.     Correuponding  • figures
*   •   • ; last venr were ftfl.fliMUfM n-,i ««4n
THAT a double header dispatch,' 68C'-°fi'
announces the fact that the Kinir ' |l-EjtPBndlturi4 on capital account,
had a sore throat, We extend our I !?'°?2'833 for January, and $22,*
sympathies and all that sort of •2*8jf„0JlS,r *«" months, as against
thing, but we also had a Very 192'88M78 and •».807,30g re*
sore    throat   all weok, and have   ?r."Mv':y .„ft,.y8.ftr * ftB°_-   The in
scoured all the exchanges in vain
for even a singlv fine on th»
Millor Goal'
Wright Point
C. Whclen     0. Point
F.  Kent        Rover
B. Kent       Centre
White R, Wing
Rilance        L. Wing  .„„
Referee, Rev. H. Grant, Unpires,
Ross and Wriglesworth,
The game was good, considering
that it was the first of the season,
and that none of the players had
played together this season, and
of course we must overlook ths
waiting, and all that sort of
thing this time,
A large crowd turned out, and
as soon as the game was ovor the
skaters made a rush to possess the
ico. The,ice was in pretty rood
condition, when.you make allow,
anco for tho hurried way in which
! .m V fln,8h*d UP> and by tonight
V'".*. Ufc tt iiviluiii mom, i,«o rinx is
Inrf*-,, lnr-or thnn if lookn when
you are off it, and is one of the
finest hniit rinks this side of Win*
. Thf«,l)A.nd WAAto P-ay 'or skat*
ing till ten thirty, but disappear*
i-d -iVo.it nte- fc.-iy Sv* i0 {._* ._..*.
appointment of many. We hope
that arrangements can be mads
to have a few instruments at the
rink two or three nights a week,
a« without music skating is tame.
. K cl0L8,nf wo wj8h -0 congra-
tulato tho committee, and all the
•,imtu*'*.t«n who have labored    so
crease in capital expenditure-)    is
-Hie to public works and'railway   „ .,„rn w,lu  nave labored     ir.
rrr817n4-Jtnh!lfiV*,n*C0J,tinental- So !hard' ftnd B* wIllSJlyTS this
far U7>4<HMfl7 I,nn be<*n spent, a,-,   rln r eom|)lcto-J.  and hav* 11  ,?«
Trank, Feb. l3.-Daniei McNeil, • ^^ P7'108'971 kst ^ \f^y^ ail in thein.owerTo'
a1 miner, was killed yesterday in'    Th-ar* ~J7~T—'«TI iL,.w   '"HT.'y the open'ng.
the act of loosening the, coal chute
when the coal began" te>move and
smothered him. He leaves a
and one .child.. .,,
_„_   ^i*1"0"    bMthBlIenged"   them
wife   nlay   on   either    DmnwM-l
fernie lee.
,   ,      „ ,     vbrVin this    con*
to   nectlon, and should receive     the
or I h*art7 thanks.. .and,, coa.ld«ration
tYol the community.
All Ladies9 Coats
and Furs
For   One   Week   Only
See What This Means to You
Any $"5.00  Coat  or  Fur  for
".      7.50    ■■•'**
§ »3.35
Last chance of the
Buy Now
The   Trites=Wood   Co.,
E arc now   prepared to  fit   out
all   the   working   men   in nnd
around    Fernie   at   the   lowest
price ever offered in town.
Miners'  Pit  Boots,   Pebble Grain   $3.25
" HeavyjPit. Blucber :j ;|
outside counter a.75
u       Heavy Pit Bluchcr
Waterproof Sole 4.00
" "       Overalls      -      - q0C
Men's Working Pants $1.35 to a.50
"   '      "      Suits        $5.00 to io.oo
u "      Gloves
7SC to 1.50
Come in and see us Pay day
<* ^ BXBTBXCT LSD-SEX. FEUSTE. 1. 0., FSB&TTAltT. ISth, 1908.
\s » *>
, Mr. W. J). Haywood—Mr. President and Brother Miners:     This is
the greatestgboon  that was. ever
•ntended to me. I,never before   in
all jny connectiontwith organized
labor have felt as I do this morn-
igag ia the labor movement as do I
to you.     I soEdeliinesTask myself
if I am worth all-you have done
Brother Mitchell suggests that I
kave .done something in your, behalf;-but I feel that*what::i) owe
you is Itreme&duously more     than
whatjyou owe me.   X owe to.you
my life! and my liberty. The work-1,
tag class of this country and   of
Canada expended for me and for
my companions over three hundred thousand dollars in defending-
•as. Brothers, you might have expended ■ three   times   that   amount
and still we would hot have been
free if it were not for the,splendid
moral' support given us,:-'for that
aroused this   nation ■ to a know-,
ledge     of   the conspiracy.in-  the
West.     Ever since the birth of the
Western    , Federation    of .'.Miners,
which was the outcome of*ra strike,
in the Couer d' Alene in 1892, we
have   "had   many trials,  troubles
and vicissitudes.     Many of them
you can understand,,because, you
have been confronted with similar'
trials in the past. It, is only with
in     recent    years that even 'this
great   i organization has had* a.
standing before the community at
large. 'Quite well you remember
the early history of the miners of
Pennsylvania when you were regarded i |as   outlaws---''undesirable
- citizens','' if you will— when many
.of your brothers were sacrificed on
__the_ altar of greeo^    hung on the
gallows of mammon.j
The Western -Federation of Miners was'organized,immediately following the Couer d; Alene strike,
but it was the.men who were sent
to jail as the outcome of that
strike who planned"the organization. They were sent to the Ada
county jail, and for. months'-confined in the same cell that Moyer,
Pettibono and I'occupied for so
long.; We are not' ashamed; of
having beenboni in jail, because
many great things .and many good
things halve emanated from prison-
cells. The Couer d' Alene strike,
while not a strike against the machine, was a strike against a ! reduction of wages as a result of the
introduction of the machine, The
machine: to which I .refer is ■ en-
tirely different from the one you
use in the coal-mines. Imban the
machine'that bores the holes wo
nafterward firo to break the ground
or tho ore. After tho introduction
of this lT.iichine ihey wc.o going \
to y,:\y the ini.nvi*'*, £3.50 per dny .
oiid tho chuck tender $3;C0 per j
day. I'l-i-y v;r-.' also coin-v to p,"..y i
other o!
may >, perhaps   touch, oh a little
later.     This, then, briefly, is the
history   of the     Couer    d'^Alene
strike of 1892. The Western Federation of Miners was organized yn
Butte,' Montana, on the 15th     of
May, 1893.     Following close   on<
the heels of the organization^Oaznal
the    strike - in Cripple Creek-District in 1894, when again we were
confronted with the minions    ' of
government, but this [time „in' the
fonn-of'a moa composed of 1600
deputy sheriffs.     The miners went
on strike for a, minimum wage   of
?3.00 per,*1 day*"" and a maximum
number of .hours of eight.       The
mine owners refused to grant this.
The sheriff of El Paso county was
aN - cohort'" of '•■- the mining corporation.   He deputized over 1600 men
to-go up and iwipeiout the miners
who' were barricaded.1: on Bull Hill.
Butj-  like the .^traditional story,
these   .1600    menVniarched up the
hill'and5then marched down again.
At, that<:time we had a. Governor
in: Colorado who-used the troops,
not 'to  defeat 'the;, miners,  but to
police the State. .Governor Waite
sent the troops there to stand between., the warring factions.      He
notified, -the   sheriff.that,he must
disperse his deputies  or the Governor "would declare a state of insurrection.   Never before nor since
that time    has    insurrection been
placed   - on-^-the shoulders of the
proper party.  The miners  of Bull
Hill   . passed    an .. eight-hour law
that has never been declared'  unconstitutional.      They passed     it
at their meeting in the Union Hall
and no  Supreme    Court has had
the temerity to say it is hot constitutional. I-am-led-to-say-here-
that that is where the legislation
for. miners should be, done-^in
their own halls." Your.own constitution should make, the., condi-.
tions under which you." labor. I
urge you to stand together, to enforce such laws. Every man of the
miners' union, " whether , he mines
metal or coal,, will bear me out
that the only trouble we have had
there is to compel-t£e"corporations, to obey the law.- There is
no law that was^ever .placed ...on-.
■ the' statute' bo okV the c'orpo rations
would not violate if they found it
to their, interests to. do so,, and
could do so. over the protests of
tho .workers. '    ■<-
.ties were declared unfai*3|thd we
'attempted to organize theni. Air
the men in the surrounding, camps
went down to Wardner, and it is
said that the mine owners who
were trying to compel us" to bring
the Bunker Hill up to their standard instigated a conspiracy that
resulted in .the .blowing.jup. of the
Bunker Hill and Sullivan; Mill. At
any rate that mill was blown up,
and again the troops were, called"
out, this time Federal troops, because, the militia, largely, composed ' of miners, was'then, in the
Philippine Islands fighting, to sustain the principle of American liberty andvto^conyey it .toft the Filipinos* and! the Cubans;'while the
Federal troops were being used in
Couer d' , ,-• Alene.
Many, of the
soldiers :,there.'; were; colored, and
they. were punching. inton the bull
pens ;old:s6ldWs-uwho"hak..been;in
the Civil War and ihad .fought ,for
their ^freedom. -Infthatifight poor
old Mike Devine was put-in prison,
and !to..0 showT0you.5 thej? brutality
they] -resorted* to, J want^to say-
he was* denied'the consolation*-- of
having fa Spriest' 'with; him; in; his
dying moments'. .. He'..died;in jail
and the last words -he" said, were,
"Boys,, stay^with: the .Union."
■ In tho strikes ,1 have recounted
I have only mentioned those where
the> troops were called out. We
have had many other'serious mix-
,upsj but not always when we were
compelled to face either' the militia, the National Guard or the
Federal troops';' but at all times
have we been confronted with1 the
Pinkertons in our ranks and the
thugs and • detectives in .the employ of the mine owners. ' k But
this is no new thing,to you. Those
of you who come from - Pennsylvania know 1 something about the
Coal and Iron Police and the'Constabulary of that State, and will
recognize the. conditions I .speak
of.. - This is only a heart to heart
talk of things-which have transpired in both organizations.
In  1903 the  Colorado, war was
percipitated, and again .we    were
In 1S94 we established a minimum-wage of $3.00 and a maxi-
mum number of hours of eight in
tho Cripple -Creek ,\district. ' In
1893 came the I.eadville strike,
when the miners went out 'to"pre*"
vent a reduction of wages. Again I*.
v;e were confronted with our blue ! ;',1CJ1
coat brothers armed with camion-
The United States Befining' and
Reduction- Company was paying
men f$1.75, a day, and many of
them were compelled to live in
hovels, deserted barns and huts
patched; up , out, of coal oil cans.
Owing to the price of.the necessities of life out there a large family could not . live on the wages
that .were bring paid. We organized a Mill,Men's Union-in-Colorado City, which, is, only aWfew
miles from the Cripple Creek district.! (The company, desiring -. to
.break up'the tm'ion, on the 12th
of. >■ February, -1903, 'discharged
forty-five men for no. reason but
that they, had become members of
the Western Federation of Miners.
Many, of' those . men had been , in
tho employ of, the company from
two -to: eight years. All-were
"skilled mechanics, and all of them
.up to the "time they.joined the.un-,,
ion were „" giving'' entire satiofac-
But. rather than have an
iinion 111 an in tho employ of the
a'Commission Appointed b-y^thej
Governor. .*, Wo ?were\ willing-  ..-.to*
- .,--.. -^*~-   -I.*- . --./■ .-• v. .^.,,, »*..- - .-
take their word for it. An armus-
tice'was declared; until May 18.
In the meantime, there .was a
strike declared in the Crippie
Creek district to which every man
responded. ". Thirty-eight nundred
men laid down their tools to' protect their brothers -. in Colorado
City. When the ..truce was declared the men in the Cripple Creek
district went back to work and.we
believed. the United; States Kenning , and Reduction^ Company
would live up to its tacit agreement. , But;, they,, did not do so.
None of the men were" reinstated,
tfut, on the ; other hand^ we.were
being , viciously discriminated
The matter, was .taken up by the
Executive-Boards and 'the" Convention of; tSwf;Westirn'F'ideration, of
Miners",',:^an"d 'the'Itrilw' rin-. Colorado ..City:cendors«d^v The strike
of the smelterxnen, which:Joccurred
in*-the olt^-of-Denver^-lGOS/for^an
eight-hour .day! was likewise.,1'en-'
'dorsed; ,The£, miners t,of„ Cripple
Creek again went ..on strike on'the
10th of.; August, 1903, to''enforce"
the eight-hour law for'the smelter-
men and to prevent discrimination against the union men . at
Colorado.1 City. On the 4th of
September the troops were.' sent
into Cripple Creek. There was no
disorder, for with the exception of
one old man who was beaten up,
they said by union men, but whom
we believe was beaten up by his
wife with a frying pan, there was
no trouble between the time the
strike was called and!.the time the
soldiers arrived.- When the soldiers, came into the district, under
the generalship of Adjutant General Bell, whoni "„ you : have all
heard of, they -. began riding
over everybody.;' We had a number of fair properties in the district, and when the strike was
called the business men said, "If
you will pay:'"up'your bills we will
carry you as long as this strike
lasts." The strike was called on
pay- day.;.;.Nearly everybody -paid
;'j \ ; '!<■*■ 3D__!2Sra?IST''      ^V:- ;;■)
Office HouBSt-    '- 8 *Wto 12 a! m. 1 to 5 p, m
' -/, „-'■'-,  .   6.S0 ton p.m.
'":J        Office in A'o_. L ck'sJSiock
ov*rSlum',Bakery.   :
-,.n -- ■    -
k'EBNIK.     " - ■'      -        -     -        B* c
';;. M, A. KASirpER   :
Insurance and Customs Broker
.   '  . ■        . , -..:..--;; 1,:..-!■'. s.
Crow's  Nest  Trading  Co., Block,
''Fernie, 'K%t'^'~ :; \~
L.  P.   EekiBteih:
,'■ ,   0',   rzi';-:*   „,   i.-.iip.ia
& Co.
Contractors-and Builders
Flam, Specifications a«d Bati-   :-:
■utM (ru-iahe_. on applieatica, -. i i
Pkatyvb( GOOD DXtYALUMt   "
. - BBK' ON-;HAND."-^~---'=":------'-:■-.•- ■
"''■'    V  R. A. BBEIt.^   ;fs--.%'i
OfliM at Kiri-enc*. . .
PAKE-t? t3T.
.   -.-.--j.-.-i.iv a-.'.
Koomi it 3, Henderson block. Fernie, B.C.
; mm~^^'l~mhrc-'i'i-.- ..i-.'
Block,   opposite5 the-Bank
:tj*_* ec!-  jiJ.-i '""
L = T. W
j0 ~'\ ' Offic* bonis—«a.m.to8p.m
P.C. L'AWE  '       ALEX. I. FISHER,.B. A;
Latcc & Fisher
Crow's   Nest    Trading   Co.    Block,
Fernie, B. C
ar.."ori of labor around tho
minci ¥3,00 per d."-r.- The m-iohino
is operated by u man behind turning- a crank as tlio drill feeds itself into ■ tho ground. Tho chuck
tender works as hard ns tho other
man and must bn as good a machinist. Wo wero .fighting to get
living wages for all men working
underground, tho common laborer
as well as the rent,
The fight that followed brought
in tho Pinkertons and thugs. Tho
Union men had a placo of vantago
on tho sido of tho hill, whilo tho
Pinkertons ,woro,barrioadod in the
ITelona-Frisco Mill, In the course
of the battle tho mill was blown
up. Thon troops were sent in
and a bull pen established. As
many of tho men ns could bo
rounded up woro put in that torn-
pornry prison and there held for a
period of lour or Ave months.
Somo of them wero sent up for
vlolalm*;; injunctionre, others for
obstructing tlio U. S. Kail, ond,
aa Pottibone puts it, in speaking
of himneli1, hn w«i«i tnVn- -.•...+ c»
the Stnte of Idaho nt thnt time
by an oiucer, and nftor sorving a
few monthn in Detroit, when ho
was reloased by the United States
Supreme Court, he nevor went
bnck to Mnhn \\nt\\ h» •«••.':;<: »*,
comnany with an officer. He was
charged, you remember, with b-e*
ing preiient in Idaho at the time
Governor Steunenberg wfti killed.
The fact of the matter ii he was
taken out by an officer and
brought back by.an officer, so it
is scarcely reasonable to suppose
he was there at the time the Gov.
ernor was anasiinated.
In regard to the trip,w» nuAe,        _      „
the manmir of our amet, eie,, j wm ^tlmf.
and rapid.fire jnnb to' prevent' ur.'
f'.'osn mnintaJnln,** lining •,-.*;i«-e,",
^"^0 minis of T.cndville were a vi?ry
inhcalthy proposition, being
largely lead, and mostly' carbon-
fit e at that, If there,, nro any of
you who havo worked in carbonate lead ores you will know it is
only a Httlo whilo until your
bones aro so thoroughly saturat-
ed with lead that your hands aro
crippled,and tremble so you cannot hold a cup of coffco to your
Ups. Tho life of a man in a load
mine of that kind is limited to
seven or eight years. We felt tho
minors wero fully justined in try.
ing to provont a reduction of
wages in Leadvillo. Through the
efforts of the Mine Owners' Association and the troops, however,
we wore defeated in that flght and
tho wages wore temporarily ro-
duced, The troops wero there and
a hull pen was established. It.in
true sonic properly wpr destroyed,
but it wan nn inconsrjurntial .---haft
houne tho miners could not pos-
»ibly have any reason for blowing up.
hi* i.t-htum federation of Min-
h.'ti lifwr \iteu m t.ouiiie that
tho Stato authorities did not got
out thoir cannons and polish up
thoir bayonets to forco us to sub*
miBsion. The troops were sent to
Lake City in 1B&8, but the miners
were successful, Tn 1800 came the
Couer d» Alene strike, and we were
confronted with a proposition
there that meant the Bunker Bill
and Sullivan property must be
brought up to the conditions of
the other parti of the district, or
the entire district would be cut
down  to their  level.    They were
I United States T.*ei5ning pn'd lUduc-
, the American SiSc'lling nnd Kefin-
Uon Conv-any-, wi:ich it '.nrt of
I ins' Comnany, thoy discharged
J there old. employes. Tho anion
tools exception to this, and thoy
cnllcd upon,us and said, "If this
is permitted to continue our organization will bo ontirely wi^ed
out." A striko, with tho sanction of tho Executive Board, was
declared by Colorado City Mill
Men's Union on the 14th of February—presented as a sovt of Valentine to-the managers, On tho
10th of that month Governor Pea-
body sent the troops to Colorado
City. There had not been a particle of trouble up to that time.
There hud riot oven been a fist
flght or a street demonstration,
but tho tvoopn wero sent there
oyer tho protest of tho city ofllci-
ala, over tho yirotest of all the i
business men, over tl'fc prcto&t of '
nil the men ".vorhiiig in tho mi!!r„
Thoy wero cnllod for at the i>i-
ntnnce of tlio' sheriff, who. iho '
night before, was hi the "Mino '
Owners' Club in Colorado Sininga. '
Ho sent pr, hin emissary to the'
Ciovtrnor the manager of tho Un* |
iistd      .rit„tr.a    i'n'Iuillg iilld it«duc- I
lion Company, Tho troops wore
sent, Camp Peabody was established and tho Colorado war bo*
gan. The troops were there for a
short period when at a conference
held at tho Governor's office a settlement was effected between all
tho other companies in that immediate locality except the United States Henning and Seduction
Company. We demanded, not that
the company re-employ the men
who were discharged, but that
thoy    reinstate them in the posi
up, their bills; - and 'two days later
the business men,. who were members of the Citizens', Alliance, said
they were going to put everything
on a cash basis. You know there
is no miner who is thirty,days
ahead of starvation. That meant
they were going to be starved but.
The business men wanted to help
the operators. As a means of self-
protection and self-defense we established stores of our own and
demonstrated to the mino owners'
tha.t'we were not only able to dig
coal, but; we were able to successfully operate any kind of a business institution. We put four
stores into the Cripple Creok district . at the. Victor store alone,
in six months did a business of
over.?70,000. Much ofj.thiB business-was done with people outside of the union. Wo bought in
car-loads and train-load lots and
reduced ,tho prices for ' our- own-
members and residents of the Cripple Creek district from twenty to
thirty per cent.
But' wo w.-'i'e doing the bu.sineri'..
formerly done by tho ineinl orri of
! tho Citizen-;' Alliance. We had
: over a thnu-T.nd men at work vhn
{ were Recessed Jive dollars a month
each, Tn a short timo wo would
havo been making the^ striko a
paying proposition. But wo havo
not those stoves now. When the
Independence explosion occurred
on Juno 0, 1904, do you suppose
tho mino oporators or tho mino
owners looked for tho perportra-
tors of that outragoP Not for a
minute. Thoro was a thorn in their
side, and that was the Cripple
Croelc union stores, To those
stores thoy rushed, broke them
open, drove out the men in charge,
toro down tho shelves, broke up
tho showcases, scattorod things on
the floor and cnni&d away thou*
lands of dollars worth of p-'ovi*
Bioji.'i, At tho
have   claims
pending for damages for that
v/nt!*.. It wan not tlio uliiho that
was bothering tl-,«iu, hc-caur-.e we
had it won; it was the store*.,
and     they     agreed to    sottio tho
W. K. BC6S,K:C.      " J.' S. T. ALEXANDEB
Ross & Alexander
Ofliwj in i>. '-T. «V. Block, Victoria Avtuue.
J. WILSON 0__»
"4 contractors «e j&Uibrasy
Plans;'and-Estimates ,oa Application;!
.J.' Wilson,
.... Gray, *Architsct;'''. 't
*'?t'.ix oj jrfauo--- v.-o.<i lift Suv ,"
Fernie 51 C
meets in McDougaH's Hall every
-. alternate Thursday at-8 p.m.   ;    '~
A. Wykks, Pres.    J Wm. D. ScnOFiELD, SeW
monthly pay. day law, the valuation daw—all those laws "and
others we, have on the- statute
books of Colorado, and they are
daily , .being violated, by those
great corporations. Ahd( it ..is on
that'account I am here this morning,", and: I am going to-appeal to
West so we. can compel those "corporations to live 'up to the- laws
that have been.passed by, the legislatures of that state. In Colorado, if the United Mine Workers
and the. Western Federation of
Mines were united on the industrial, field and organized for action
on the political-field it.would be
but a very short time until those
laws would bo in operation.
■ During the strike the coal miners . suffered the same thing's we
did. I recall one instance when
eighty of' them were gathered together at Berwind. and driven like
cattle for over twenty miles. Somo
of them fell prostrate on the way.'
Others were beaten as they traveled, Jaeaten by the Cossacks on
horseback who were driving them,
These are your brothers! When
thoy arrived -at Trinidad they
wore driven up. to ■ a horso trough
and watered like cattle. As I said
last night in my-speech,i the-coal
mino inepcetor of  Colorado is    a
i' ■ .
! tool ot' the corporations." 3-Ie never
! vir.it",'the mines until soma din*
j ail tor hns occurred, and then ho
j i:omes to the inquest, not to soo
' thr.t tho mine.'i r.rc jyop.'rly pio-
tocted and provided with snfc'ty
npplionces to prevent loss of lifo
and injury to limb, Wo, .10 com-
os, after tho disaster, and in every
instanco ho whitewashes tho companies. Over ninety per cent, of
the doaths that occur in tho mines of Colorado, are, according to
tho coal inspector's reports, the
result of falling rock, The mine
owners say men ore choaper thon
timber, If we unite and cm organize wo will say that men are
dearer than anything else,
Tho coal minors, with the metal*
iforous miners, have suffered
many indignities and injustices in
Colorado,     Colorado     is moaner
' Builder and Contractor ''"
Estimates cheerfully given and work
promptly executed to the satisfaction of oar customers.   '
For   quotations
on Hay & Oats
write to •=
Hembling   & : Ruby
Special rates to Contractors and
-,,,•■   Lumbermen *..  .■
•    Successor to J. W. H. Terry
Employment and
Real Estate Office
, Will supply men for
.   ...all classes of-work,--	
'. •" cither hy ihc  day,    "'
week or month,
than all tho othor states boikd
present timo wo '< ,iown, West Virginia is a para-
nL'ninst tlio State ' r*uCa compared with it. Tho corporations of that state corrupt
ths courts, debauch the logiiila*
turcR UTsd, as far an tho election
in concerned, thoy run "it to suit
thcinsolveM.   And  if
Bushmen,   Lumbermen
Women for .cleaning,
washing or scrubbing.
Reasonable   Rates
Cox Street
To Consumptives
dolUv    1/jfg
iluui  th* othur mtn
Tko»# tw» yttpcr.
workinp; thtn for fifty c*ots to ont, Uon they formerly held.    This Um
UniUd StaUs Hsnnin** and EUduc-
U«n Otnp-uy *fr««d to do W«r«
:-.*lr,vf Vr..''nrrr. ,,fc tA'c not in'the
habit of jyialcJn'j- any compromises
when we beliovo our rights aro
invaded—wo would rathor bo Holt,
ed*—so we re(ur*ed to aocopt thoir
Just about this time, or during
tho period I havo related, tho coal
miners in tho Southern field declared ft strike on the 0th of Nov-
ember. What did they go on
striko for? To compel the corporations to live up to the laws of
the state, The Colorado Fuel and
Iron Company and the Victor
Company are every day violating
law* which apply to ui*tiae_. Th*
tkeek. wcif^eval.   lair,     ife*    W-
.,!.(; .'.'J..(/ r.«,;;ji -ic^i in tijiJ
stritightcn.1* th«n out, Aitcr wo
pot a dose of reahodyism *we decided wo would havo a chango.
Mvu. Adams was elected by 11,-
Oih> rnajonty, J-cubody havJiig
run behind his tiokot 44,000. Do
you suppose Alva Adams held his
office? They appointed a committee of twenty-three—that Is the
ski'ddo number, and Adams skid-
doed—and a man who never re*
ceived a vote as Governor served two years in that ofhee. He it
the fellow who signed th* extradi*
tion papers that provided a special   train     for -foyer, Pettibone
■     (C*»tl»iud;•* »*!♦ "OtM^)
I   Tho undoralgucd having loan rn*>
I Btored to hcaltb by simple   racane,
nftor miffnrlng   for  Mveral year*
1 with a sere re lung nffootlon,   and
thlly happen ! that droafl dliioasoCONBUMPTIOK,
iwitiea    tne j i« anxious to mtt-e Knowo   to bit
hllow HulJurer* iJje uit/uns of cure
To   thoao who   dculro It, he   will
oheorfnlly   tend (fron of oharge) a'
copy of the prenorlptlon used, wblsb
thoy will find a onro for CONSUMPTION. AfVPWMA. RATAnnn. t«noK-
cniTIfl and all throat  and   long
UlLADlEa  Ho hope* all ■nffartrf
will try thU nenady, m It Is Invala*
able,   Thoaa desiring th* prtaarln-
tion, whiob will  oott th* nothing,
and may   prova a btataing,   will
plsaM addi-waa
Brooklyn. N. V.
Try a Ledger Ak
,,.) -i i^i.*a^r-t^*iJ**-~-*rtS!t~Bffi*^-*(> **"-"•]-, ****i".r
iiiimirif -i—iw yTii- in, Tnii
:  -TEA..,
Because ©f Its Delicious Flavor.
Head Packets-Only
Blue Labul 40o..' Bed-Label ,'.0c,,
and Gold Label 60o. j>er lb,
At all Grocers
■) V'i
(Continued from Page Two.)
?and me, and he, is.going
to run
:for 'Governor next fall' in all' pro-
•babUity. I don't believe tliere is
''.& miner in Colorado who will vote
rior him. ;;.; .: ■
v I sincerely hope that before.this
'"convention adjourns, you(wLUhaye
/adopted     without   a   ,dissenting-
*voic» the recommendations of President Mitchell, wherein he urges a
-closer reciprocal .relation between^
'"the United Mine WdrSers pfjA'meri
ica and tho Western Federation of
^Miners.  -It is a thing to be .desired   more     than    anything else
-that; can,, transpire  in the  movement of organized labor. If we organize the miners     we will have
;made a tremendous step towards
-effecting a solid  organized move-
."mentiin this country; because with
the  minora  organized, we  will  be
.in a position to compel others to'
organize themselves find to organize along,right lines.      Now, just
as an illustration of what Imean
permit' me to say that while   the
miners were on strike in the Cripple Creek district, scabs were employed in-some of the mines' dig-
™ging ore that-was reduced at-Cbl-~
orado City in mills manned by
scabs.' The trains that hauled the
ore were run by union men. They
were a "connecting link between a
proposition that was scabby at.
both ends,
;. When the' coal miners are properly organized and consolidated
with .the metalifefous" miners it
will be impossible for'the smelting
.-companies to' operate their smelters, because the coal miners will
.not mine coal to be used in scab
smelters;' The ! railroads'will > set*
the necessity ofJ refusing to fire
' their engines with coal mined Joy
scab-coal miners; and tho general
Jesuit will be anr organisation of
labor extending "over all ..the. in*
•duitries' of this nation. .?o..mt
it'seems *fo'be "the most important
thing, .even with all the measures
you'have to consider. It is the
most important' thing you
can say .to the miners of the
West,; "We are 'willing to
join hands with you we are willing
to fight the battles of labor to*
gether; we are willing to stand
by you to enforce the use of safety
applicants, to enforce the eight,
-hour law, to enforce the ventilation law, and every' other pro vision that now exists for our relief, and to add as many to the
status books' of' the several 'states1
as our united efforts can bring
violated. ' The only way we can
enforce it is,on;, ths industrial field
or elect governors and judges who.
will see it is ^enforced politically.
ivremember having;talked "before the 'Mines] and Mining Com-
mittee- of' the*'Assembly and Senate in behalf of the eight-hour,
law, j-Mid the,members of the United Mine Workers present will tell
you,!.devoted.more time to their.
interests that'- did to our own..
In the course of the discussion
John C. Osgood, then President of
the Colorado,Fuel and Iron Company, after;I had, spoken"Jof .the
terrible'conditions existing' in the
coal mines of the south said',
"Why, there are more people killed and injured' here on the street
'of Denver by automobiles than
there are coal miners down there."
I said, "Mr. Osgood, there is one
thing you can never accuse a coal
miner of doing, and that is running his automobile jjeyond the
speed limit." You don't see the
coal miners riding up here in automobiles. ■ ,.    '
This, is the most important gathering, without any exception,
that meets in the United States.
More is depending upon you for
the upbuilding and enlightenment
of civilization than upon all the
other unions combined. You can
wield a greater influence for weal
or woe than any,= other organization,    whether'   it be labor,   reli-
the betterment of the coal miners,
not the betterment of the metali-
ferous r miners, but the improvement of the - conditions of the
workers generally, we should have
a saving clause in'all contracts
"that .shall provide that in case of
labor troubles our contracts would
'be off. Then we could help our
brothers in time of tribulation
and need. ,-*■
- There is yet just one other thing
I.want to say in regard to these
agreements, and that is - that
where . you tie .up. with1 the companies it; prevents you from entering upon a, strike or even entering , into., a controversy from a
.moral standpoint with your fellow
workers.. Now I am not conversant with the coal business, but I
kno-W! "'that if the' miners ."of..'the,
r >■-     A' v. - -       .-.      j, ...
anthracite' field .are at. work .while,
the miners of. Ohio are on strike'
it "will work to the' disadvantage'
of-the latter. It. would seem to,
me that-youir contracts should all
expire at the same time.so you'
could get general- action. And if
'we. are. united^' as I hope we will
;be, I trust' that your contracts
.will.provide that in .tne event of
a strike, in the metal mines and
.smelters you "will havo a saving
"clause, that will enable you, not
to give us financial support,-but
that "which is , a great deal more
advantageous,, your moral" support.      ."'      ■' "',
Wc are closely identified in the
industry of mining. The ore we
dig out of the mines comes to the
coke ' that is produced from the
coal you dig.j  -
The smelting business would be
absolutely at an end if it were not
for the coal miners. In.Castle
.Gate, Utah, they mine the coal
that reduces the ore the miners of
Butte dig out. Our industries being so closely related, there is
every reason why the "miners of
the coal .and metal mines should
be closely related, and I sincerely
hope, and' trust that can be
brought  aboivt. .    I  assure      you
jfli _»+ *iirT» oti=
—T Vfltlirn-iovi-l-
The   movement,, for.the.ei/fht*-
houV d^'!ha.'^i'een, a'&tftftV
•sting one, and perhaps"^he Wwl
em Federation of Miners has had
at much or more to do with that
than any: other organisation;    In
1808 the Utah eight-hour law was
deolared unconstitutional by the
Supremo Court of Utah.   In conjunction with the Utah State Fed.
•ration of Labor and the American Federation of Labor tho Western Federation of Miners provided    the funds,    and with our attorney, John II. Murphy, we car*
rlod    that to    the United States
Court and there rocoivod a favorable decision.   That decision has
oponod tho way, bla-ed tho trail
for legislation for you and    for
everybody    else following unheal*
thy or hiuaniou- occupations, So
whilo     the  eight-hour movement
was atartt-d many, years previous,
to that time in this country, still
in a way we feel we are tho pion*
i*™, having secured from the Un*
ited States Supreme Court      the
first favorable decision in regard
to It.   Our Utah efforts woro not
the'only ones.   We have now   the
eight-hour day in Montana, Idaho
Nevada,  Mlssovul,  Knnaaii,   Arizona, all of British Columbia, nnd
in every in-tan-*" it has be<>n «;«..
cured by the  Wer.'.ern Federation
of Wintrr,,   ^ , Iu t'o!orado, while
we Kave'anVigb't-hour day on the
statute books, it is   daily   heing
coming- convention of the Western
Federation of Miners I will do
everything in my power to bring
about a closer reciprocal relation
with the coal miners.,'
Before closing I wish to say we
have .had something to do with
organizing coal miners. We have
organized nearly all the unions of
coal miners that have been organized in the West, and they have
from. time to time come into the
United Mine Workers, where they
properly belong* ; and where we
have never made any endeavors to
prevent "them" from coming; .but we
have felt'that w«ras an'organization representing'-'the mining industry should'' oirganise the unor*
ganiiecl Wherever', we find, them. I
venture, to say all the coal miners'
organizations "of Colorado havVat
some time held fcharteri from the
Western; Federation of, Miners.. It
would add tremendous strength to
'us to have the coal miners of %the
West belong to us as a body. It
would place us in a position
where we'could absolutely dictate
,terms to the operators; still 'to
join.,bonds with the United Mine.
Workers* I ktjow will be of more
material interest to us to form a
general industrial', organization
controlled by the workers for the
benefit of BoSiety; | I amrwilling to
do everything I can to. assist the
United Mine Workers in orgarair.
ing all the coal miners in the* Wesf.
and to organize them everywhere.
President Mitchell.—I am sure I
voice the sentiment of every representative of our organisation
when I say we have listened with
pleasure to the very illuminating
address delivered by our co-work,
er, Mr. Haywood. We have not
always been in harmony with his
views as to the philosophy of the
labor movement; but I think the
miners of America,  whether they ! -1 »«Hev«
ious or political-- When I look, as
I did the other day, on the photographs exhibited in windows
around this city I cannot help
thinking what a splendid body of
men. I think of the wonderful
things you could accomplish for
society if you would-direct - your
energies in the right way, fighting first for yourselves, beginning
at home, where charity should always begin, but beginning with
the idea of securing, not charity,
but justice for yourselves,,.it remains as true as that the sun will
rise tomorrow, that you can be
false to none others,."        „
So let meurg* you, when you
consider the momentous' questions
you are discussing, that you do
so from a workingman's standpoint. I take the position that
the operator is a secondary consideration; that you must see that
the laws .providing, for your relief
and protection are properly enforced. Do not enter into agreements that, are going to bind you
.up for a period or make it ini-
impossible to do anything for
yourselves or anybody else. And
whatever you do, it seems to me a
most, essential thing that when
entering contracts or agreements,
i£,*.you must have them, you do as
the ooal contractor does. The men
who furnish coal to great industrial institutions always have a
saying clause in their contracts,
providing that in the event of
Uborf troubles ,or strikes the con*
tracts are off.' Wow, if there is
bne.^ organisation more than another,,, that should have saving
clauses: In contracts that will
provide that in case of strikes or
labor troublej tliey are at an end,
tt is the labor organisations themselves. There is no individual
that has a right in the community whero you live to enter into
an   individual    bargain with the
employer to work for a less wage  miners of America,  whether they !x believe thore are conditions   of
than you know to be right.   You: are coal or metaliferous workers, | Induhtry  that  i. u»o (sympathetic
exact that he stand with you in j are like the story they tell of    a' strikes, not only pioper, but high*
the union nq you can bring your- i man and his wife, who wore fight*'lv   advisable.     And    if the men
self up to a decont standard     of: ing, and when some one else in- j working in the motaliforous     in-
living.   Then you organize     your   tervened to stop their quarrol they   dustry may be helped by tho sym*
several unions into district, renin- ' hnth     4nv»<>'i imn~ I-,--,-,,   <•,-..*. «,,„   <*ii*)hct'r  «•<*,.nnr-r.ttlnn   nf th<* ronl
cil* so   that   you can boneflt     a i Iflhfd hhn ««v-»rely. Whatever *rUff- ' miners,  thun wo will  try to  j-ivo i
greater  aggregation  oi  members, i ereneen mny have existed between ' thorn  that co-operation  in every •
Likewise this organization  nfnli- j us as to policy or tactics, we are j practical way; but on our side we j
atcs   with     other   organizations j in harmony when an outsider at-   want as much back nb we give, If j
tacks either of us. ! we nuiy win n metnliferoui strike j
Tilt*!       lo   tint       tU   *',....,     ,.   l    . ■    V-r   MnnHrir*   t»;c    en-1    mlri"-,       njf '
coiti.se it ia not the place, for u.«   w*11 want to know, if it it helj-ful j
give    expr**snlon " to our different   to us to win a strike, if tho mat
views     ns to what arrangements* > aliferous miners woukl stop work
should be made in bringing about   •» doubt whether it would help ns '
u    closer    affiliation between the j win a ro»l u\
Western Federation of Miners nnd' di^jj-n,'* gold,
tho United Mine Woik«*i» of Amt-r-
icn. I tl.lnk tiint   [.r-ijeily -lumld
be drlf-^i,tt'd    to u n-i-ifhtiAutive
However, in the same" spirit
that our friend Mr. Haywood has
expressed his views on the" subject
of ■ contracts, I feel I should give
expression to my own view-upon
th.at very important matter. Our
organization, and every coal miner in America carries indelibly, in
his" memory the history of the
times when we had no contracts.
Our contracts are not perfect, our
system is not ideal; but there is
not a man whose memory runs
back ten short years who would
go back to the. system prevailing
the*n<if he could. . We have not
the contracts, but we had a hundred per cent, less wages. > I-' say
a hundred per cent," and we workj
ed longer.hours. I used.to slide
down-the rope to-get to work before ."the engineer came. I didn't
do ."it" because I wanted to—I, did
itT.bocause J had.to,or taki , a
whipping. I was a boy, but . I
saw „ old'' gray-haired men sliding
'drfwn the.ropie'as well'as myself..
The rfellow.'who would have' whipped me if I did not do it slid the
rope himself..  "    -   :
I-say these?contracts may not
represent the ideal conditions of
industry,1 but they are so far preferable to the old system under
which we worked that we will likely move cautiously ^and' measure
well our steps before we will. go
back to the1 time when we could
strike when- we wanted to. * We
used to strike' on the first of every
May.' I ' recall" as a boy in the
mines that jused . to look forward
with pleasant anticipations to the
first of May because I knew the
men would,go on strike,,and'then
I could go, swimming.' And I remember, too, gentlemen, and I
have got filed away, in my records'
clippings from the metropolitan'
papers which told ,of, committees
of . miners, and even of miners'
wives, going to Chicago,' to Cleveland, ..to Kansas City and to ,all
the great centres of population,
begging for bread, not bread for
men who were. idle but for men:
ahd' women and children who were
^. i. -' T-'T       Itf-      J ,* M A^_CAA 4-\\ A *-__. m.*-r,
ill.— w Ula, Vi c~uu~iiw u~ow—buab'i.w w~r
thank1'God, and thanks to our Un-/
ion! We earn our living and we-
get paid for our work. ■ Not what
we- ought to get, not what, we
willJ get, but we are getting so
much more than. we did before
we have reason to congratulate
ourselves. -'  ■.
Now I want: simply to present
a-, business proposition to you,
and I want to join ih all, sincerity with Brother. Haywood, in the
hope that therenwill be. established'between the miners of America, regardless of whether they dig
gold or coal, a' relationship that
will be mutually advantageous.. I
am a sentimental sort of, fellow,
and I never saw a man, a woman
or a child in my life who was unhappy .' or miserable or suffering
that I was not correspondingly
unhappy, or miserable. Yet .when
it comes to making agreements I
am going to see'that the coal
miners have the same advantage
that is given to those they .contract with. I have the reputation of being opposed to sympathetic strikes. It is only in extreme casta, that I should advocate a sympathetic strike. I know
the history . of the labor movement. Z have read it, I have written some of it, X, have golie
through as much of it. as any
man of, my age, and I do not re*
call many of the great industrial
struggles of America in which the
sympathetic strike proved a great
advantage.   ,    ,    . ■    % .
I am going to make one reservation in speaking of the sympathe*
tic strike. I believe there ia a
time which comes in the history
of people and nations when treaties should be abrogated, and I
believe there are times In the his*
tory of nations wlun men should
rebel, should overthrow their gov*
eminent and change the whole
Bystem under which thoy live; and
<?100 EEWAKD, ?100.  .<
The readers of this paper, will b«
pleased to learn that there is at
least one dreaded disease that
science has been able to cure in all
stages, and "that is Catarrh.
Hall's Catarrh Cure is the ronly
positive . cure now known to the
medical fraternity. Catarrh being
a constitutional disease, requires
a constitutional treatment. Hall's
Catarrh Cure is taken internally,
acting directly upon the blood
and mucous surfaces of the system, thereby destroying the foundation of the disease, and giving
the patient strength by building
up '..the constitution and assisting
nature in "doing its work. The
proprietors have so much faith in
its curative'powers.that they offer
One: Hundred-Dollars for any case
that it fails to cure. Send for list
of testimonials.    - >*'..:■. , ">.
Address:..F..i J.. CHENEY*, & Co.,
.*.*,  *:.»P-,i-. - ■'."' ..-.■.-;■.', Toledo, Q.: ,
Sold )by Druggists, 7fic. <
Take. Hall's Family Fills for
Constipation. jj,..j^.:-*- .. '-"
: There-is'all-the-difference -in the
world between the selfishness of a
capitalist and. the' so-called selfishness-of-a-great trade society. The
one means-an increase of self-indulgent luxury; for one-man or a
single, family; the other means an
increase of comfort, increase of
eelf-respect—more ease, for the aged, more schooling for tho young,
not of one family, but of a thousand, ? or-ten thousand families,
Others may-call"that selfishness, if
they - please; ■ I call it humanity
and the furtherance of the common wealth—Hon. John Morley,
Minister of the British Cabinet.
Minard's Liniment Cures Colds,,etc
.. ,...,i-m .   , *..   , ■;-   •■,-■,     •■■-..    ..
.Phillip Carosella
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Sines
Geat's farfltshiigs
■RANCH  AT HOSMER,  tt. 0.
WINE   GO   Ltd.
Wholesale Dealers and Direct
l:   It
J. o.-i;
; ,Jmpbrtera,of     .      ', -
SCOTCH SAND      -"- '       „     '.
','    IKISH WHISKEY,'      "";''_..__'
LONDONiDBY.y.    .'-,''""/""  I
,    OLD TOM:,.:     ,
"-"''': AND HOLLAND GIN» :
'.'■> BURMEISTER ... ,;
Sole A^eiits iri East Kootenay for
.:..-■ , WATER
THE,-,,LADY'S KEEDS nro here in
the way"of Dru^s, Jledicine.*, Perfumes,
Powders and all Toilet requisites. Every,
supply for the dressing table, bathroom,,
'or boudoir," Fancv Soaps nnd Sachets..
Gold Creams, Puff,Boxes, etc.- All kinds
Hrushcs, Manicure Sets and Sponges.
The quality of our goods will satisfy the
most exacting.   We get our supplies in
fieeh every, week, and purchase only
the best qualities for nil departments.
You will have no cnuee to.find fault
with our prices.
Phone 12
li. P, McLean, Mgr.
All the leading lines of High
Class Chocolates and
Confectionery. :
-eo__:       '
To   Jill
those   purchasing
to   am-   Ball at
Pat Miller's
is  playing   can   hear  the
Music. fr'ee of charge
f m  n a  m  m b^b* mjm.mjm  m
■    ■B   H'   -^B    _B    -D   b-B   'HI    Bi'   _B1 ' _D    tB' I
^^^ ^M .^>***,*,» I-*-**" ^^m ^~*»~i *^**~| '■'■    I ."■*. ^^m ._       .'■■■■_       ""
h a m a h ■ ■ n hi ■ ea m
ff    BV)
There is never a question as to
the absolute purity and health*
fulness of food raised with
throughout the country so that
you can benefit the •■ntlro wording class, Well, thon, if it is
wrong for on individual to en-
tor into nn agreement, nnd likewise wronfc for n local union to
enter into nn ngrccment, I say
it ii is wrong for the international to enter into an agreement unless that international tnkM into
coniiid*ratlon th** intermit   of the
working clnss. They h.ive no right committee of both organizations,
to t!e themsflve-i uj. inJrpf-Adcnt-; and aUcr they have worked out
ly of other vrorktirs. If this , a plan »ut,i..U it to our i-wptctive
mov*m#ntha« for it* purnos*, not .unions, ior -/ontidfration.
i-to if they bto^ped J
i i.t it would help t
the ; old tiiti.u.-t . wc h'iouhl stop
ili-».r.f coel T w.tt to th?«
th: t thai* limy It* no li.isunflw-'-,
:,trm hng if ws r.*»lrthU*h a mutual ;
lelationshi]) v.-ith th* Weitem Fi"d- ;
«uti<>R. ti Minirs on any other i
{Cr-.-.v>,<n*_ c.a ?nSe Six, Col. 2.) *
■Hlirl msm IH MM IHMHMpiHPHI
A pure, cream of tartar powder
Its fame is world wide
No alum; no phosphate of lime
■■ ■ i^i ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
van ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ h a n ■ ■ m w -   ' ,     $1 a Year in Advance.,
Unued cvary  Saturday' from  tho  Office oi
■ Publication, Todd Block, Viotoria Ave., ,
fernie, MritUh Columbia.
AH changes of ads. must V,o in .is follows :—
Pages i and 5, i p. m. Tuesday ; i'.'is<;.-> x mill ■!,
!p, m. Thursday, ni:d pagei.,:! p.sn , l'riday.
VVe will t>o unitblo :o iiiauro cluing,) unless
this rule is complied with.
Legal advertising U cent; per nonparfc-l
liua tirst insertion,s cents perlfui.' eucli suW-
Queut insertion.
Hates ior cnutrnct ailver,fiNiJ" "" ftl'plica-
tion at, oliict*. uf pubiiui, lion. T*. ,u i^..-,-;:.-!
Address all oornmuuieations to the Manager, District Leili;cr.
SATURDAY,   FEB.   15TH,    1908!
Some h" one, niayL* ask \what-. we
mean "by "Cleaner Socialism."
The answer is an easy' one. We
want to see all the foolish, illeter-
ate, anarchistic, and selfish motives and sayings stopped.
We stated in our issue of Feb.
1st. what Socialists want, which
ends up as follows:  -
"Unlike the present private
ownership, the collective ownership to he established by the
victorious Socialist working <
class wiU not be EXCLUSIVE
There will be,none shut out
from ownership.     All will be
owners and all will be users..
"Now    in. seeking this   end,    we
would find by a little enquiry that
business men, and thinking men in
all walks of life who have not affiliated themselves with   any  Socialist party, are still looking for-,
ward to the same end. <• ■'
The reason they have held aloof
from joining any party is because'
so many of the party are: so abusive of the present conditions..
They do not think and work quietly and', properly to attain their
ends. They go blustering aloud
about this man who has accumulated wealth, and that man who
is owner and controller of such
and   such. ,°
Now instead of this revolutionary style, if they would work
more deliberately,0and more_gen^
"tlemanly they would' find that
their numbers ' would be greatly
augmented, by more men of great
intellects, who are students , of
Socialism; who by their more
steady and",learned style would do
th"*- 'Viore good than all the revolutionary, blustering, dictatorial ^ men they can get in their
ranks*, who only make a laughing
stock of. the grandest* and highest
movement ever started—Socialism.
rises, did he know too much? Wasi
he fulfilling the.oath of his office
too far to suit a certain clique.
We believe that Mr. Parkes has
since put in certain ■ charges
against the' chief. We would, like
this matter sifted to the bottom,
and , see just where the friction
comes in. ...
DISTRICT  LEDGER,   FERNIE.      3.  q, FEBRUARY, 15th, 1908..
The  editor. does  not  hold  himself  responsible  for   opinions    ex-'
pressed by correspondents.
To the. Editor,of District-Ledger.
Fearlessness in defence . of - . the
right. Tearfulness in combating
wrong; ig the policy we would like
to see adopted.
One way to help better your present condition, is by staunchly
supporting the paper that upholds
your . cause. Your subscription
will, .'give us , that help, not so
much financially  as morally. '
A bill to abolish cigarette smoking' by juveniles has received   its
first heading in the London (Eng)
House   of  Commons.      It  will,  ii
passed prohibit smoking under tlio
age of 10.     It provides penalties,
for anyone less than .16,' who ' .is
'caught   smoking,   and   makes   tho
sale, of  cigarettes  to  persons under that age:'a punishable offence,
Wo would liko to seo a similar bill
passed    here     in    our    Dominion
House.   It would do more to uplift our young men, than anything
else.      Statistics   prove  that   cigarette smoking is ono of tho most
detrimental habitsthat can-bo indulged in, and what good results
from    it?   It" makes    a boy look
cheeky and bold, to have,'a cigarette   stuck   in his   mouth,   and  it
makes a man look foolish.     Just
think    of it;    a great big* manly
fellow with   ono of those boastly
little weeds stuck on one side of
his mouth, and for what, Is there
any benefit to be derived from the
habit?    Smokers will tell you no.
Athletes   when   doing any parti-)
cular training are forbidden     the'
use of cigarettes. Fast skators will
tell you that when preparing for
a race they have to "cut out*5 the
cigarettes.      why   is   this?     Be-
causa they are harmful.     And it
i8^/. A!hls mor*thftn a»y ot***»*"
habit that we owe our racial de*
• —o	
w« PAHKI.&- niMMismi,
In connection with the recent
dismissal of one of our policemon,
wo have been asked to enquire into the matter, '
Tho first intimation Mr. Parkes
nan or the mattoi won wVi»n he
received a letter from Mayor Tut-
tle, asking him to nr-nd in his resignation, nn ho (tho Mayors understood there wan n certain
amount of friction on   the force
J„.^ft,"i8,lnj,0J,Iy.■'»*•«- thR* *t
w i° llfl ,,nt«*-«°» *o do so,
but that in justice to himself- hrl
£",  ..•t,*JL'**t    an  investigation
In reply to this request he was
sent another letter by the mayor
discharging him. The mayor
»'•*£ «» S«« flr.t letter that ii'hi
(Parkeo) had any grievance he
s*~t uu.y*it\. vould bn giH_ to
***• him a fair hearing. *
Wow when Mr. Parke, inked for
* Wr hearing he gets discharged
h_i2i#J!___-_m*3r' or th8n* w*y »°*
»*a, and   the question naturally
We would like it to be understood that the newspaper is , the
only place where troubles can be
.threshed out publicly. While we
do not hanker after trouble, still
we want to be on the side of fairness, ' cleanness, and right; and
will always be found, defending
the oppressed,^and trying to put,
down the oppressor.', .  ■   *    •
-: When.Professor Kilpatrick in the
course .of ;his. address at the' Bible
League conference in Toronto last
week said; that .he was weary of
controversies about the Bible,-he
expressed the thought, that is in
the minds of many. It may with
all honesty be questioned whether
any, real. benefit comes from the
public' discussion.-of matters .in
dispute between different schools
of Biblical students. The usual result is that each school feels itself more strongly fortified.
 o   '
Inasmuch' as the Bill proposed
to raise the tax on coal and coke
in this Province has,been brought
before the House of Legislature,
and passed its-second reading; •
And inasmuch 'as the coaFand
coke trade' (as far as this Province is . concerned) is inadequate
to--keep- these mines in the Pass
in jmything like full time, and if
this Bill becomes law will drive
the trade away; "     ,      , "
And inasmuch as the export
trade with the United States will
be affected, and in this way will
also affect us as mine "workers in
this part of,B.  C:
And inasmuch as' we think   tho
modities will be detrimental,   "to
our     interests     and also have a
great effect on trade in general;
Therefore be it resolved by Gladstone-Local Union, No. 2314, and
all mine workers in mass'meeting
assembled, that -we, protest
against such Bill becoming law;
And be it further resolved that
we urge upon our- representative,
Mr. W. R. Ross, M. P. P., and
all the members of the Legislative
Assembly of the Province of B. C,
to .iise their votes and,influence
against this measure;, ;
And be it further resolved that
a copy „of thi3 resolution be sent
to each member of the Legislature
and be published in the press,
Duquern, Ill,,1 Fob." 1-.—Following a "eryrVstormy 'meeting yesterday between Che //.jne-rB nnd operators, 1000 minors employed by
the Croru Clinch ■ company of
Chicago, went' on striko hore today, Tho trouble originated over
the-.jji'ico of powdor which tho op-
erators havo been .selling to thp
Carborry, ': Feb.' 1-1.—Mrs, S,
Mahnn was trampled to death by
a vicious horse at her home near
hore today.
Grand Forks, Fob. 13,—At 3.30
this afternoon a fire broke out in
tho big general store of ox-mayor
N, D. Mcintosh, which adjoins the
Johnson blook on First street.
Tho Mcintosh block as well as tho
Johnson block were considerably
damaged by fire. Mcintosh's stock
of goods were nearly all saved by
being'carried by the citizens- and
placed in places of sdfoty.
The damage done to the building
is probably in the neighborhood
of $3000. Much damage was done
by smoke and water to the office
effects of X), Whiteside, solicitor,
as several hundred dollars worth
of law books were • thrown from
upstairs windows to ,the street be*
Tho furniture in tho big*, lodging house of Mrs. Keaus
Dear Sir: -
Would you kindly allow me a
short space in your-.valuable columns on the ■ all absorbing topic
of Socialism,-at the onset, let me
refer you'to1 a "Prophecy referring
to same. -Many ox your readers
may question same,, and may wink
and blink, at each other, and say
behold a prophet is amongst us,
and we knew it hot,'.. But a Fro-
ph'et is' only' sent to those who
receive Him. > The Prophecy to
which I shall refer and to which
was fulfilled before my very doorstep was amongst the mountains
of the Rockies not far ,from the
elated City of Fernie B. C. in the
year of our Lord 1908 some man
who had indeed Socialism at
heart unwillingly and ignorantly
hoisted or lifted up an ensign on
the. mountains * as' the Prophecy
-reads and fulfilled it and somewhere about- the same time I had
a , Clarion ..a Socialist paper
brought to my very door and on
the front page was a man pictured blowing a trumpet'which will
inevitably reach to all the inhabitants of the earth and on that
ensign was painted, in great let-
! ters, Socialism which' "could be
1 seen more ' than . a thousand feet
below. '    -
The Prophecy to which I refer,
yqu will find in the 18th chapter
of the Prophecy of Isaiah and the
3rd yverse.      It runs as follows:
"All ye Inhabitants of the
World, and the dwellers of the
Earth, See,Ye, When the Lifteth
up an Engign on the Mountains;
and when He bloweth a Trumpet;
Hear Ye,'"     ' 	
Referring,     undoubtedly to      a
world wide preaching independant
to creed or colour to all the inhabitants of the world and dwellers   on .the  earth  something  that
must be     heard    something that
must be studied.   Christianity for
close on two  thousand years has
been preaching to redeem the world
what     is -•> the reason that      the
world is not redeemed through all
these years of preaching, is it because the great founder of Christianity's    doctrines  and' teachings
was not able to accomplish this.
I trow  not  a  thousand times no,
in a nut, shell it is because those
who  were entrusted with, it have
been over and oyer again false to
and      good    will    and    brotherly
harmony  spreading over the earth
and   ushering in as   Christs' teachings   intended  The  Holy  Brotherhood of Man and the Holy, Fatherhood of God the result of their
falsity was bloodshed rapine and
harrowing • carnage spread broadcast over,the whole earth for no
sooner had Christ been put away
off the earth than division stepped
in with his    bloody  hands    and
cosmas becomes chaos,    and   hell
followed' in its .train when we read
in" history alone of one- sect-<who
today in his scarlet robes says ho
is tho    one' authority   over     the
Church of Christ,  I 'refer   to' * his
H—the Pope,  and his predecessors
being    responsible   for  over fifty
millions of souls 50,000,000; these
figures' are appaling to any sane
and right'thinking man. Just' try
to imagine'behind tho groat mag-
nitudo  of these numbers tho torture .which all you who aro familiar with   history    has read, they
were subject to,   .This is only ono
! of tho    divisions   and its  Christ-
jlike deeds, .who said '-thou shall
j not    kill,   for'   wliosoever   takoth''
(blood his blood .shall be required"
' and as each division or sect, obtained power    in    turn the same
hellish     atrocities   behind let us
deal with the, divisions of   today,
of, tho so called Church of Christ,
there    are    hundreds of thorn all
over tho earth lot us examine their
systoms generally and the power
thoy oxerciso  to save a starving
world.   In tho first place     there
aro its     founders    and secondly
its priests. Tho priests claim thoy
have been called of Gbd to administer to their soparato cliques   or
followers, how many  indeed have
been called of God, think you.    I
grant they may be a few. but', if
the   few   can be traced by their
fruits for by their fruits you shall
know them, they aro few indeed,
for does not the majority of them
hoar the dollars call and tell thoir
flock it was tho voice of God that
called.   They   hear tho voico call
Samuol  or some other name for
the r   aro lots of variations     in
thoir"names    as varied as   thoir
characters   what art thou
of knowing him-but the father's religion     was'.in the wine "arid" doU'
larsi   The   • people  has  stood for
this kmd of work long enough the
scales are  beginning . to   fall  from
their    eyes,  they     are    as a man.
annointed.a second time with the,
eye salve oi the land', and that is.
Socialism which holds the key to
the world's "redemption,  and tiiat
is the  reason  the  parsons  or    so
called Shepherds are wailing over
empty churches, for empty,-churches   mean     no dollars. In a word
the present system stands pat for
capitalism and are with the     exploiters     of    the    poor,  for they
make no attempt to cut the root
of injustice, but preach. Be   thou
content with thy lot, murmur not
against God!, it is not God;, it-is
the  damnable  system we  are living under  and the  parsons make
no   attempt   to,, crush  it.      Why?'
Because it plays into their hands
if there is evil existing, cut it out
root and branch.   . Why cumbereth
it the, ground   (for.; if you would
havo    men   live, as brothers   you
must   abolish   th©   system" * that
makes   men  enemies)   competition
and capitalism,  ' for  under   ithis
system a few rise at the downfall
of the many; for the few say: No
matter who  sinks as long as   . I
swim.   I'll  shut my ears to 'the
sinking     Din,   I'll   rogue and I'll
plunder all ever I can, and go to
church as,the ideal man, yes good
parsons, yes  Shepherds for yourselves, your power is waning fast,
it is falling fast for not only   is
man   "against     you but God     is
against you, for he the Holy one
cannot work with the unholy. The
Prophecy is  about to be fulfilled,
against you - in- the  34th  chapter
of the Prophecy of Exekiel, which
I would earnestly beg for all readers to read the chapter for themselves  we. read  thus;   Thus  Saith
the Lord   God;      Behold     I    am
against the • Shepherds; and I will
require, my   flock at  their hand,
cause   them     to cease from
ijlodg-   here working for the" small" sular?
T-i. ,-,    , -----In   the   thou nvt getting arise. There are
?™_.5.?aM.0ek Wn" flI"° dftm*«cd , fn,Bh V*4ro» <Pfl» "head o?ThJ!
feeding   the' flock;   neither     shall
the Shepherds feed themselves any
,more; for I will deliver my flock
from their -mouth, that they may
not be meat for them. 11th verse-
For thus saith the Lord God; Behold, I even I will both search mv
sheep,  and seek them'out,-     and
so  the  chapter goes  on with its
condemnation  on the parsons-   of
the so-called Church of Christ, put
on your  morning  garb    for  man
and God is about to rob you   of
your false trust and power,   and
when I have done  this, saith the
Lord God; 25th,verse, and I will
make with . them ji covenant      of
yeaee;-and"— will-cause    the-evff
beasts to cease out of the land the
parsons   and   capitalist,   and they
shall dwell     safely in the wilderness and sleep, in the woods, and
the tree ,of the field shall yield her
fruit and the earth shall yield her
increase and they shall be safe in
their land not the capitalists nor
the parsons land,'but in our iR_d
and  every   one  shall  dwell  under
his own vino and fig tree :ind none
shall make them afraid, and iiod
let this Holy rapturous  ti„;o    b-j
soon,   and   one  shepherd   i-hVd' be
over ' all,  even "my  servant David
who is ready for the people when
tho> people are ready for-him, and
their  joys  shall  be  his  joys  and
their sorrows shall be his sorrows
and  righteousness  shall  bo      tho
gxrdlo of .his loiifs. Tho wilderness
and solitary     plaCQ shan bo glad
for   them;    "and tho desert   shall
rejoice,  and blossom as tho rose;
Thon out of chaos and divisions
must como cosmos or unity,  Socialism today is having to- do' tho
work   what    tho so-called church
has tailed to do in two thousand
years ■ of, preaching  or wrangling
ior it. is gathering for its ftdher-
ents  the  best  thinking rank and
"lo,     tho   best material from its
chastic condition.  Men of brains.
Men  of individualism.     Men who
think and act for themselves. Men
who will not bo Priest ridden any
longer, tho child has grown to bo
a man, those men aro cominKfrom
tho churches go to form  ono   of
the strongost  societies tho world
has ever seen,, thoir motto is «Re*
demption for all," for their is no
other way of redeeming themsel*
ves but by redeeming   all.   Thev
have come to the conclusion  th!t
£ &.« ftmatw?*.more to preach
minister medicine, for what is the
use of   preaching to a drowning
IT^L i Yi°V  muBt flr,t oonsidor
his material wants by so  doing
(Continued on page 5 Col. 4.)
Five Trains daily;-.. C.   P.   R.    ..
Steamer,  daily Telephone' and   '
Telegraph,      good      Boating,
Fishing   arid   Hunting,*,:level .* v.
'_ Land,-magnificent Soil: w'   '.   ^f'
Avoid isolation aridfpooV trans- *j"'
portation facilities by buyiug at'
.Robson. .     . «:   ,
Buy- fruit lands where you
can get" irrigation 'arid be
sure of good crops. ",."•     .  ',,*
These   lands can  be   bought,
at $i.oo  per acre per month"
Your money back if not satisfied.    For. particulars see
F. J. Watson
Pernie -:« "  ■   B. G.
Jfevnie. 3B. G.
<*<S090O06 99009000909009
1 ■*"    '
Fernie, * B., C.
Bar snpplied with the best of 'Wines*
Liquors andi Cierars.
 Dining Room, in connection
totnl damage done is now"; dollars, and oonse-nicntlv a li Xr
ia iuTlul *>-y. In»ur*ineo. It   is a Mr. So and So nttondr, that
The totnl
in said that tho causo of tho flro
was tho thawing out of water pip.
cb. Great credit is duo Chief Sav-
nj-o and tho flro dopnrtmuul for
stopping tho flro in a solid block.
_.;.._, i'tio, i-i,—-iuni, ivoan I'nco
In rtunrl nn t.bo ronuH cf Vunj;(
caused by an explosion of kerosene
in lighting a fire. She leaves a
number of children including a
baby five days old.
Washington, Teb. 14,—By diree-
. ** °1 l?" P*"-»s»dent, acting secretary of War, uuver today ordered
a company of Infantry from the
Gibbon in Alaska to Fairbanks In
the Territory to preserve order
during the mining strike in that,
station. United States Marshall
Perry has sworn In 350 epenlai fa.
putiM for the protection of life
And property ag&lstt rolters,
mobs of strikers who are eoarre.
Rated on the street*. All saloons
are closed.
in    a  nut r.hel., there
fJVVi .'-N   (\Y  C!,\>;,Mil,A.V   Nni!',
Mixiyn isKari.ATiriN... ■
Tlie Hotel of Pcrnlc
Tlio contn* ol Cnniincroinl
and TowrlPt Tmdc
Cuislno   Unoxcollcd
. 11< i "■Jlllo.miro or somo
whitened sephulchoro who hnn rob*
thousands of tho fruits of
labors and hastened scores
"" ." ncmt> fflRCB thousands to
Chuiuh,  tho
i    • i.M,.. .i - -11T inliiln,. ,i..i,i   ,,.,,,
. ■'   (ill- i    „.!   ■■,*,,■• >y, ,.y.   i,i |x
1 ><■< till i.f    I  ,,fi), „„,,.    ,v„,   „
lll*IH.   .'.,UI    Id   I,',    ,;\   I,,   (,l ,,
■■'■i-'i'i-i.»'    A ru.t nif.i' nt t!w, ci,-.
t''*l I.u: -- V.l I'lii'iiiii-,*!.!,' ,i;, I,'.,
■ I
•I r„.
• i:i   I'MiUH]
'• .'■     '■   8,-iVI
: '''. iiiiiii) or
">' in-.. ■ nut.,
Ilium, mny
'A.' -"u,w*e par«on is
tttfso "hnTurVuvu „«„
try a. he will to nee it,  he enn't
Is before   his eyes.     In
words thoy make it
a few
.l _ it - -■-.—- -- * trade for
the dollar and an easy arm chair
to nritiV HHi",r» -*-*i #-■- ,i , m .»
nine inch clay, there are a few redeeming features among them.
But not many for like the father
and son who wore parsons tho son
was an exception to the rule. He
gave his coat off his hack and
his father speaking to some one
about his son said, Aha, aha, My
whfl-.    hU Father ia Mak__K one.
(that's Inst the difference) the son
The writer had the great p}tjnr$
'■mil iniiii. I,
'.iiiiiii /..-,\ i nr.riii i'iirhi|.|i)i
.n-iT lMivliiuil|,cini.ri.,! iiiImii'i'iI I
loynti n claliii I,,'. <ix i„V», litit.
Tin- I't.n (irrfcuriliiir* n dnlm Ij •',
AJ li'iut •ln'Miiii.tl.f. I'xmiii.lnil on tlict-lriiii
II   !.'.l'"'  "t    'i'i.V    ' '   '''*'*-.  <•■•■••••>»   Will''IT   \|l
Mix »l"r.*..r, \\ i„,„ .;,,„) )„,„ ,;,,„„ o,,,,,,,,!,,,, n,
I'"!.'. Uie Uicntnv liny. ii|inii lutvlrn i, *.nt<;,\
"■>*.''i'. -.nil mum coini.lvli.if wIMi nllmr *•»-
i iiiiiuint,,(iiiit-inifa j|1M iii(„|j|t,j ,M)f Ml,ri
Till! i.ttleiu (ircn'ilrn for til* rmvmnnl nt ■
k U.WM,,„ix,f <-,,,,!„,. |Ff.,,,.ru|Jl. HNI lA'1/l-lil
«1iut*j; untr.v (,■„ «s nM WrtMr yV,,iy,   l0 ,ux
_s !*>.•},    J (»." • *•>*•.
• "  1
Th* Uiif* »tinlHi*iw»i|rp,|l,. in m„„,i,„
wlihln one *t-,iMi,i /r..m thi iu", «f tK.ii._Z
rer«Mhtj»»mlle*..   I|«i.(.j rt*>.erVnmi« r«
Kleof 8> lx'ru.,.11 .'..ll^i.l „„ cl»o.,t„"; ,
t»*F (»(j*c*»(U *in^iui.
. \V W'.Oiuv,
. I>p trMI'iUivrofilitlntcj,,.,
N.1l.-Vn»*th*i»l»».| pnbllctlon f.r (hit ed.
»»»tUn^ut*llliH'l U f«M for
' An* l-OMm
S. I". Wallace        Prop. •*$
NOTICE is hereby given that on
tho 4th day of January, 1008, ii
was ordered by Peter Edmund Wilson, Local Judgo of the said
Oourt, that William Fowler of the
Town of Hosmor in tho Province
of British Columbia, Labourer, bo
Administrator of ail and singular,
tho rorsonal cntnto and effects of
Tctor Johnston, lato of Fornto, B,
C, deceased, intestato.
Evory creditor or othor person
having any claim upon, or in*
torost in tho distribution of tho
oBtate of tho said doceased, is re*
nulrr.fi   to   OUTIrl   "Mifeirr.   th-"*<>t   flf... I
of March next by rcKistered iettor
ttuiitvs-iieti to the undersigned his
name and address and full parti*
culars of his elaim or interest,
and a statement of his account
and the nature of the security, if
any, held by him.
Aitw in. t,ft,d lint mentioned
date, the administrator will proceed with the distribution of the
estate having regard to those
claims only of which he shall have
had notice.
DATED at Fernie, this 85th day
of Jannary, A. D., lOOfl.
Solicitors for the administrator
Hotel, Hosmer
Now Open
Everything new and
,   ,        . .      ,        .  )
Every accommodation
for <thc public
' ,,Bar stowed with, tlio
'.- -finest iii the hind
■    \ , *   . ,   -
■*■*■■-■-*■ __
F.        LABELLE
Eoerij attention.
Rooms reseroed bij wire
A pleasant home for the*
C L. WHELAN . . Manager
Liniment   Cores    Die-
Under new miiniif,'oiient
Well Airiilalrcd rooms,   Thotnbloli
Riipt'illnd with tho hprrth*? mnrhel
nffovilB.   Tip. \mr J» tmj^Olt'd
with tlio best '-vinos, II-
qaorfl and cigars.
Jas. Severn, Prop.
' Townalte Airents
Fcrulu a_a H<«mer
i) 0 -
Flre-LlfeA Aeei-
deot InsttMBM, ,,
.t*./7.^i.J. iitf-jr-*"**-"*-'»■ •~"*-J
L-r-iirrrff-* **"h*1 ^^-J-aetrti
DISTaiCrxEDGEE/rWEHH-E.   8. C, PEBEUAHY,. 15th, 1908.
■ ®®®g®®®S^®®S5®S®_^<_^^
The nineteenth  annual  convention of. the United Mine Workers of
, America is.    over, and John Mit-.
chell whose brain has-devised the
policy,fwhose.hand perhaps more
than that  of any man, has had
the directing- ■   of 'that   policy for
the' past ten years, will no longer
fulfill official duties .after- the-31st
of March; He has for some time
at,.least..given over labor in this
"union, as its,chief executive..    .
£] Under his administration the. organization has grown numerically
strong, and. financially sound, but
■ politically it has-remained a nonentity. JVhich last,, is but natural,
for John Mitchell whose personal-
;- ityhas .dominated the conventions:
for almost a,decade, is bourgeois-.
-**es)' from' 'the    gleam  of the dia-
*ruonds in his finger ring and scarf
.'pin to the disdainful tone of his
j voice as he calls attention to the
vagaries of the delegate's reason-
*ing.   and   their  trangressions     of
;.;points of order.
',   The annual convention of   any
labor organizations,,are highly in-;
<teresting   from   more than     one
V stand point, and it is the inten-
•tion of the writer to set forth so
far as his own imperfections will
permit,, impressions of   the great
1 international parliament of the U.
;M. W.  of     A.     .The   first- thing
'which strikes     one upon 'entering
Tomlinson hall is  the great space
.it    has an almost five thousand
seating   capacity,   and    whenever
one commences to  speak you become      aware   of   the     wretched
acoustic properties of the building.
His     must be a powerful voice
indeed - who    can   make   himself
heard     satisfactorily, even when
speaking from the stape and from
the body of the hall this difficulty
' become doubled, so     that a delegate with an ordinary voice has
little chance of swaying his fellow
legislators, talk he ever so wisely.
This.brings'me     to my, first and
most lasting "impression, that "all
the.    prominent     delegates    have
powerful voices.
There is Mitchell first and foremost, with a splendid voice, clear
not-unmusical, Wilson _loud__land.
—■penetratiugT-cutting each word off"
"with a snap.   Lewis, very,loud, almost-strained, with little intora-;
tion   little   emphasis;  White   the
■'   finest   ,methinks,    without effort,
low and calm yet distinct; Walker
decidedly strained,   going at "top
,. pressure until it breaks down, and
all good talkers and all men of a
high order of intellegence.
Out,of almost, a thousand .:men
these and "a few others,rule the
convention,' of* course oar quiet
voiced thinkers may get good
work in during caucus, may in
fact make the balls which others
. fire.  ,   *  -'--,'
This caucusing goes on after
* every session, delegates from each
diserict getting together in some
corner debating points and formu-,,
' lating- plans "for next day. 'One'
thing is evident, the convention is
too-.large ,and where ono delegate
may represent o.no hundred men
or, .less, ... it would much hotter,
from any point of view favoring
the interest of the organization,
did ho represent five thousand,
and a roll call vote to decide each
issue, Tor tho first four' or fivo
days no bur.ino-:s was done owing
to eommittcos not being ready to
report.- I think this should bo
looked to. Tho business ' of tho
convention did not of < absolute'
necessity require four days to
transact, and olovon days was the
, timo it :sot. If tho prosident would
pick his committees whon all tho
credentials woro In, thon notify
those chosen, and if resolutions
coming from locals were sent with
credentials; the committees could
get to work,-before the convention
sat,' so.-that -when it did convene
there would be something for it
to 'do....This would; give, little
chance for those professional beggars to'''come'one after the other,
turn and turn about, which to
me seemed one of'the distressing
features of the'proceedings. 1 have
not. the slightest desire to call attention to several individual appeals for- help, but'to those organizations' which by their . very
nature are a menace to labor unions and all that they stand for.
The addresses, given by-various
fraternal delegates and some lad-^
ies:, were ^educational, and -highly
so, and I.believe.'could not. or.let
'me rather say should not be dispensed with. ., In all-they did not
take up twelve hours time and' it
certainly .'was ;.tiriie .well spent.;'. •
The Fat Dolan .case, did not appear to have been ' dealt* with as
justly as'it might have been.
Apart from the individual there
was a principle involved in. - a
local being denied a seat without
a hearing... To table these credentials may have been the best
way of settling an undesirable
piece of business but it certainly
was not the manliest. Such an
action might hereafter be repeated
where the case is entirely different,
and any way as a matter of justice to his local he should have
had a decision from the convention and taking, an individual
view of this case,.! might remark,
in passing, that we are'all liable
in the pride and strength of our
integrity and high- minded single
hearted devotion to, labor cause,
to look upon a mistake made by a
weaker or,r unfortunate - brother as
treachery of the deepest dye, and
I more especially when that mistake is colored in the heated language of one who will profit by
his fall.' '   v  "
The delegates were very interesting, and, too few. Although the
resolutions , introduced, did not
give much' cause for debate requiring any. great talent to conduct.
Auditor, Accoiuitont, "GciuTal Ajrent
I-ifcr, Acc.iiiij'it .-iwl Employer's Liability Insin'mico
•■m*^*'**^?*2i*.3fiS&r~-';iz^K2S**B1\rStS'**BWtni?-*^ii'Siei -'-_J-X-_»w-M*,P ,«•>
->«-)*«-» JflT-M"
•]i(«iK8 opened,   closed., .audited, and .iccour.ts
..most up-to-djUo manner/ •'
- Plants
? Pun-Din
for' Irrigation*
If you \vant one  this souse
V, have supplied most:, of the
i $ on the western, continent
Take-no chances a
'it iir
r that
lion 'Outfit
. v
we •:•
'Office,   Burns'  Block.
Ffirnlc,.». 0.
^•/V^^^-i^'V^^'^Vt'a %^rt^'Ws&A!L<*i/<&l%rt*Wb'i
brought out the strongest men iu
the hall was decided without a
word being said for or against it..
This was resolution No. 106 now
known to fame, as .it kept' the
wires hot, and the brass pounders
busy, informing the world that
Socialism had been turned down.
As a matter of fact this; gives the
capitalist press dead away;
drowning men catch at straws, in
their, desperate state, they are
willing to sieze anything however
ridiculous or useless to Keep them
ailoat a little longer, and so with
the mercenary hirelings of modern
slave *' owners, in their drowning
state, they, knowing their time is'
almost come, are willing to catcb.
at. anything which seems to bo or-
'which, ,,they,..can construe into a
denial of the principles' of Socialism by the working class.
Go to it; is my advice to them;
work'it for all there, is in it. For
the' timo "will"" come,"' and that
shortly, . when even this small
pram o of "consolation shall bo
dsnicd you, Now to tho resolution itself, It was introduced by
throe Socialist-!, , this' and , its
sound common sense was all that.
would ffivo it the narao of Socialism. It- drew tho attention of
the workor to the fact that'in tho
struggle which hart'caused them
to form a labor union, political
power was a powerful weapon; it
uointod out that this weapon was
in tho hands- of thoir omployors:
It declared that all men could not
find, jobs, and hore is the resolution—
Bo-. it resolved that we recognize the necessity of a united
working class political,, organization, for; ; the /purpose of keeping
abreast with the force of evolution and-aid in establishing a system that guarantees, to; the workers, an opportunity to obtain.' a
living by honest toil and the full
product of his. labor.-
• It was .'■ 'not debated, but other
resolutions' along similar lines
were in which the introducers of
this, one took part, and had they
chosen to have combatted on this
issue and called for a" roll call
vote, I have reason to believe the
capitalist press- would have been
deprived of one of the choicest
morsels it has had. this season..
. The speech of Mr. Haywood was
without question the feature of
the convention, in concluding he
happened to touch, perhaps" not
very wisely, upon the contract
system of the II. M. W. of America, Mitchell took immediate exception to these views and in the
speech which' followed some of us
had cause to exchange some long
settled convictions., The contract
system and it alone seemed to be
responsible for the "good times''^
the coal miners were enjoying.
One can hardly - expect a labor
leader, "A man. of strong convictions" to be logical when his pet
theme is attacked, but when that
person says he knows the history
of the labor movement; that he
has written some of it; one does
expect something a kin to logic
and a back of misrepresentation.
One impression I am pleased to
record, , was    the ' sobriety of the
delegates',: ,°nly,_one~o£—whom—I-
detected under  the  influence      of
liquor during session.
There are evidently a number of
district officials who combine together and 'despence of such good
jobs as delegates to the various
congresses; " for when delegates
wero. being.';choosen. for, the International, Mining Congress several
delegates refused nominations on
the    grounds   that they had .not
e iii«.'>iii.\,
Wc, will   install   your  plain  unuor
'[■ Write us now and
give us
time to do it.-
CO.,   LTD.,
been consulted by the "ring" Such
a state of affairs is not conducive
to kh<; best interests of the wage-
earner, and furthermore, when it
can be openly insinuated and
smiled at by ■ the leaders,' there
must be something 'rotten in tho
State of Denmark. This I take' to
be ono of tho dangers of modern
trade unionism, there are .quite a
few desirable jobs to bo'had within their ranks, and although a
couple of motions wero introduced
to, effect a check on graft, they
wero turned down instantly,' ! As
I thought of tho comfortable
hotel, the gemirous' fare,' tho ,flno
traveling A, accbninipdations; - I
thought of, Ernest-.1 Jones, John
Jones', Thomas Ashton,' Jbsoph
Arch, Jlalph Irons, and many
othovs who ■ had :-,fought and diod
for the bottom dog, ay, not only
died for, him but lived for him,
despised, imprisoned, crusifiod, by
the very men thoy woro fighting
for in somo cases.
And whon I think of these men
and road thoir speochos, and thoir
livos, and, thon hear our present
"loaders" God savo. tho Mark,
capon lined, and bejeweled and
respected* by employer' of labor,
with fair round bellies with good
mouth-of the. "rights of the employer," and talk of "winning the
confidence of the operators" When
I think of . all this I sometime
wonder, whether, are we wending,
but despite the attitude" of our
leaders, we can hear from the
floor of a hundred locals, a voice
by no means "still and small"
crying", in the industrial wilderness, that the KINGDOM OF MAN
is at hand, and they must either
get abreast of the • times or. go by
the board, like a mast that is
broken. Being not . only useless,
but' in the way.
(Continued from page four.)
you have a way to his soul., Give
the man the right to labor and
the .right to live,, give man the
full fruits of his, labor, then everything that God has placed on
the earth is within his reach to
eat and drink, then the man will
be satisfied, but he never can be
under the present system, for the
man' who produces an over production starves to death amid his
own over production, bad trade
as we term it should be the greatest blessing for all who labor for
bad trade under the present system is over production.
Then the only way to get what
belongs to the worker is by educating the people in the principles
of Socialism, and taking, advantage of our common birthright the
ballot, and using it for that policial end for.the Abolition f
wages slavery, • :• -
"When-wilt" "thou save  the people?
Oh,. God of mercy when?
Not kings and' lords but nations
Not  thrones   and  crowns,    but
'' men,    .
Flowers of the heart, Oh, God are
they .   '.
Let them     not pass,  like weeds,
away? heritage^ a sunless day.
God Save the "People.'
Shall crime bring crime for ever,
■ strength aiding still  the strong
Is it Thy Will,   Oh Father   that
,' man shall  toil  for wrong?
No; say thy mountains, No   thy
skies,      o , ,,,   ■
Man's clouded sun shall brightly
rise, and songs be heard instead
of sighs,
God Save the People.-
When wilt Thou save tho People,
0 God  of mercy,   whon?
Tho Peoplo, Lord, tho People?
Not thornes and crowns, but men
God Save the Peoplo,
Thine they aro, Thy children,   as
thy Angels fair,      ,   ,
Have    thorn  from bondage,    amd
derm air,
God Savo the People,
A Voico for Liberty and Justice,
Y '       - ' '
v -> Vancouver, ' B. C.
v ■
♦ Alontreal, Toronto, Winnipeg, Calgary. •«•
•;« ......   ,t.
For those who coald not get
away daring the busy holiday
season we recommend .""." '." .
Thi3 Far-Famed SaiiHtorium
with its Sulp iur Springs and
Unsurpassed Accommodation is.
Just the place
to build up and get a fresh start.
Rates $2.50 per day and np.
This Company * operates
Through" Standard Sleeping Cars, Dining Cars and
First Class Tourist Sleepers
For Bates, Itcservntions' a: <J any in-
formiition desired will on or write" ■
, J. MOE, E. J. COYJ.E,
D.P.A. A.G.V. A
Nelson ' Varceavor
pacific -coast mm
for the farm, g*rden, lawn or
Iteliable,   approved   varieties
at reasonable prices
No windy agents to annoy yon
Buy direct and get trees and
seeds that GROW
Bee Suppli s, Spray Pumps,
Spraying material and
Cut Flowers
Catalogue Free
HI. J. Henry
Greenhouso — 30I0 Westminster
Road, Vancouner, B. C.
irjm-i— iiK-'—:!■>*"- _v» •*•*_•».'
■ ■"'■"■iW&i?
■B! If
■M! ■' M
All work Lfiuiranieed
Victoria Ave.
(-'eruic, li. C
aaM'm'm^vummm wtaw)
.     f»*. >-M
"How"?   Read   below.
w y"
\\/E «ro goln-jr to tfiv« t
sln^l*') ivIn rff-ircB
a livn
tlio lady (I'lth'Y man lul or
i^l*') iv In rci'-ir-'B tlii> largo*', number <jI voti-s
tile tw tlio lKii'.iinlnii Hslilitiii'iii nt Oultfury In
J'.verv il-'Ihr i-il-l n>i »'tl*'*<Tlj*t!<-ii;*, ;j'"ilm
t L-^y.fA' (ild or i,<'•,«-; u ill c nil tic yui tn linvo
V'.'!i'S. On the lUtli 11 .Lino Wo will h:\vo Jiiilj^i*!* c-'iU)t
tii'-'V'itrH mill Mi'i.('iu!''.*t.'i*! winner on Saturiliiy, tho l-'fili.
i.'ih mil the vutii';:; ■>■..,'..| ,i,i billow, fii'iul or brlnjr ft to the
ofllci\ iii1(Ii,ii.s.*,c'I 1.1 'Tin- MmiMgi!!', DlmricJ ledger" Willi
yoiU" VUlt! I'll I'. \V<! ivl.I UlinniinP-' tlm I'l-cnlf* fr*m Mnwi
to (uno. li.m't loi'mt iho HdllSCllllTlOM IS OMLY
OHK tlUliLAK A ) l-..\lt mill gives ycu Tlfl.KK VOTKS,
A   communication   from     "Tho
Boundor"  will appear noxt week,
—— o '  ■■
Mix Tliis Simple, llelpial llecijie at Home
and Try il, Aiijway.
Thoro is only ono way to cure
Judigostion and that is to (jivo
your systom so much good, rod
blood that the stomach will havo
strong-th euouuh to do Its natural'
work in a healthy vogorousway.
Many dyepepticfl dose tho stomach
with tablets, syrups and other
things alleged to assist in digesting food, bwt these thing, merely
give temporary relief—they never
cure indigestion—and the trouble
grown worse and worse, until the
pootr dyspeptic ia gradually starv.
ing, In a ease of indigestion a
half do-en boxes of Dr, Williams'
Pink Fills are worth all the mix*
tures and so-called pre*digested
foods in the country, These pills
euro indigestion because they
fctrongthen and tone the stomach,
thus enabling it to do tho work
nature iutcnrls it nhauld do.
Mr. Paul Chnrbonneau, St,
Jerome, Quo., says: "For montho
I Buffered tortures from indices*
tion. After every meal tho misery
was intenfio, so that I finally ato
most sparingly, I tlM s<.vortt)
Bo-cnllfd indJjj-jiition euros, but
thoy did mo no good, My general
health begun to run down. I huff,
erod front hendaehd.i and dizzinoHi
nnd pains about the heart, Often
after the Mr-Mr.*-'- mV»il T ».vi*.:lj „«
alllicted with n smotherinr* -W«a
-.--*-**. riiia.iy my mother induced
mo to try Dr. Williams' Pink
Pills, Under tho use of this medicine the trouble began to disappear, and in less than a couple of
month)! I had eemplntnl*- rccprrr
tu x.y ne&lth and can now enjoy
a hearty meal as well as any one,
I- *• because they make new,
rich blood that Dr. William-' Pink
Tills always cure indigestion, an*
aemia, rheumatism, heart palpit*
a*!0--. n«w«lfl», sciatica, St.
Vitus dune** (md the headaches,
backaches and other indescribable
ins of girlhood nnA womanhood.
Bold   by medicine   dealers or by
bo*ri» • fof " |a.8d from The J>r,
Willfams' Mtdfelne Co., firoek*
Ville. Ont.
Got from uny prescription pharmacist tho following:
- Fluid Extract Dandelion, ono-
hali' ounco; Compound Kargon,
ono ounce; Compound Syrup Sar-
saparilla, three ounces.
Shako well in a bottlo and tako
a teaspoonful doso after each meal
and at bodtime,
Tho above is considered by an'
eminent authority, who writes in
a Now York daily paper, as tho
finest proscription over writton to
relieve Backache, Ki,dney Trouble.
Weak Bladder and all forms ot
Urinary difficulties, ThiB mix*
ture acts promptly on tho cllmin-
ativo tissues of the Kidneys, en*
abling them to Alter and strain
the uric aoid and other waste matter from the blood which causes
Some persons who suffer with
tho afflictions may not feel inclined to placo much confidence in
this simple miv.turo, yot those
who have tiled it nay tho rosultu
aro simply surprisi-ng, tbo relief
being effected without the slight-
oot injury to the stomach or
other organs.
Mix some nnd give it a trial. It
certainly comes highly recommended. It in the proscription ot
nn eminent authority, whoso en-
tiro reputation, it is unicl, wan established by it.
A druggist hero at homo when
asked stnted that ho could olthor
supply tho ingredients or mix tho
pi-encription for our renders, also
recommends it rut harmless.
T.on-lr.n. Tf-K 10--II a 1.jll ii'3..'c.j
passed its flrnt reading in the
House    of Commons becomes    a
■ ■ . --^7.<».'*;i(^>i?".<.
Tt.u uifiiti) ihut, you1 buy''
Irom us ii iv (it for a kin-?.
We sell no'liiiif," that is ■
ni.t tho beht, llnit is why
wo huvoso ninny pleased
customers ■ Let us df-
nionstiitc this fnct by u
trial. T'ollto* ntiuntlon
■and prompt ficr-vlce .
Calganj Cattle Co.
ii u tmrHtAt+mmymfm**** •
♦ *i* <• •j*»->.» ♦> ♦:» *:* ♦;♦ *;« •!•• *;♦ •>:• "X** *> »t* •> •;* <•* •:* ♦•
;»; The .[*
Fernie Lumber
Co., Ltd*
AlOt. McDOUGAlL. Pres. t Gm. Mm
liualurH In
Konifli & Drcwed Lumber
Dlmonslon & Bridge Timber %
Plllnff, Mould In*?, Lntttt, ?
RhlnglcH nnd Ties, y
law, juvenile lovers of cigarettes
will have a hard time indulging
their appotites. The act is a gov.
.;.-:;.-;.c„i ii,*_»_te <wK>«<* aiutvuii*
tho existing laws for the protection of children, It prohibites
smoking under the age of 10 years
provides penalties for anyone less
than 10 years caught smoking tn
the streets or any other place, and
makes the sale of cigarettes to
persons under 10 year* a punish*
able offense. Among the other tn*
taiesting features the. hill • outab-
Hshes the Juvenilo courts throngb*
oift tJie country and calls for tne*
eial places of detention for ehlld*
ren instead of tending tbem to
:|: Telephone Poles a Specially $
v •'
Ml Onlorfl I'ri'inpt'y Aitciided
♦.x..x..:..:.->.:..:.,:.<..:.*.j»:..;.<»j(<. ^
V To I
P«Tnlc, R. C
The A. Macdonald Co.
(Head Office, Winnlpfg)
nranchcs—Vuncouver, Nflwn*, Per ('e
Edmonton, Aim. A. Kciinm, O-
Fern'     B. C
WrtriH  Uia*   |S.OO r**   * >t. icr-"-
WSTItlCT LEDOEB^t rxmiflB.    B. C, JEWIUAaY, 15th,
lOfVAUIE   ™f
Eldorado 111., Jan. 20, 1908.
.Editor Mine Workers' Journal:
In your issue of January 16,
under th* heading of a "Few
Things;"' appear some valuable
, information to miners and -ince
this matter will come under' the
-notice of miners who have had little or no technical..training, it is
just as well to be explicit and exact.
In answer - to No. 5 question,
"Is oojal dust explosive?" you answer emphatically, no. Now X
' have "made a very close study of
; this*r$articular subject - ancV I-!b«--
'■'; lievc*. the pceponderenco' of ^evidence
•'.iaVfiffavor otftlwtheory ..that coal
'|'--id'usl°i_^e_;pio"siveJ' and some very.
■''.- elaborate, practical experiments
!^-Rfl4elVt-bavo been .^carried out in
,' foreign countries also point in the
' .same direction.       '•'
s ■' r      •' - .-. .
To miners" accustomed to    work
in dusty mines -where  open lighted
, are • used     and    gunpowder shots
, freely discharged, it seems strange
.   to   assert   that  coal  dust  is     explosive, when the experience of   a
life time seems to contradict that
statement. .'If,   however,   the  subject is condensed there is no reason ,why coal dust should not explode.   No  one would ever dream
.  of doubting the statement      that
gunpowder,   or  a mixture  of firedamp and air are explosive,,-yet
-the     composition    oi   gunpowder,',
fire-damp  and air,  and coal dust
are practically , alike.
The' composition     of these may
be stated by^ weight:—
' G.P.   F.D.   Air.  CD'
' & Air.'
Carbon ..'. 10.88     6.5    '4.9. '5.45
Hydrogen   .*.    1.6   0.40
Oxygen" ...36.96   93.6   20.8 20.60*
-__Nitrogfen    10.30. 93.6   72,8 72,20'
Potassium 28.97' ".	
Sulphur  12.80 ... " 0.10
Ash ..; "... 0.40   0.25
When gunpowder is exploded the
heat is produced by the union , of
carbon with the oxygen; when firedamp is exploded the heat is produced by combination of the carbon and hydrogen with the oxy-
, gen; and when coal dust is. exploded the heat ■■ is produced„by> the
com-hrAriatib-n. of ;the carbon and
hydrogen and oxygen. The reason
■why fire-damp., and air and gunpowder ;are so explosive is that
the nature of the gases is such that
!very minute particles of one gas
are in contact.-with particles of
the other gasi' \ and' there is no*
thing ' to '. prevent, instantaneous
union between the gases. ' The
carbure'tted hydrogen can be mix-
ed with the(| oxygen to form an
explosive mixture, and in' the caso
of gunpowder, the carbon and
sulphur are ground up exceeding*
petre—which contains oxygen—
ly fine and then mixed with, salt*
which is also ground very fine, so
that each minute particle of carbon and sulphur has a particle of
oxygen immediately'touching it
and in that way a, very powerful
explosive is formed. II the par.
tides of carbbn and saltpetre were
mixed .together !in. largo ^pieces
they would bu'rh if a light' was
applied, but not so rapidly as to
cause an explosion. In the same
way with lumps of coal or course
coal dust. When a light is ap*
plied they will'burn"'liMSiere'i! V
eujpply of air, but' will' not ex*
plode, because there is no mater*'
ial quantity of oxygen in the in*
' terior of the piece of coal. If, how*,
-ever, the dust is exceedingly fine,
so that it may float in the air iu
dense,- ;cJ.o;uds,. ,then. eachlmihute
particle of dust becomes'surround--
ed by -sufficient oxygen to burn,'
and "there .is.no reason in.the
world why/the flame should,not
extend, with "extreme rapidity from
particle to particle, so as to-;produce all' the. effects which are
known as an explosion. Now, this
is just what occurs when what' is
called a "windy shot" takes
place. The dust is,raised in dense
clouds and the flame that is em-
mitted from the shot ignites. the
dust. . ,
If you can find space for the
above in your paper you ;will
oblige      ° ' :-. '
Some time ago I had & bad at--*
tack of Quinsy which laid mo upr
for two weeks and cost a lot   of
money.     ;-. ;- - \\>" .'■'•■ ;
Finding the lump again forming,
in my throat, I bathed freely with
MINARD'S LINIMENT,  and  saturating, a cloth' with the;linimeht
left it > on all night." -   •-'-'"
Next morning the swelling   was
gone and -1 ..attributed .the. wa!rd-'
ing off of' an attack of Quinsy to
the'free1 use  of MINARD'S LINIMENT. o\   ,. '~"
•:   .-.'.   :■' '■-    G. F; WOKDEN. ■
St. John. ■«   ,    ■
• o	
"Count , that    day* lost   whose
low discending sun,..
Views from thy hand ho' worthy
action done:        '
Simple duty hath no place   for
fear.— Whittier.       ,    *-        n  ■
 _ -o ,	
' Why not use Chamberlain's Pain
Balm when' you have rheumatism?
We feel sure that the result will be,
prompt and satisfactory." One application "relieves the' pain, • ;and
many have been permanently cured by its use. 25 and 5.0 cents a
bottle. • . For sale' by. all Druggists.      ' -     - :   ' o
 : __jmai_i_jEH.it
Does Not
Color Hair
(Continued from Page three.)
lines than 'I'p'• ' nested in my
report./ I want to have reserved
for ourselves the. privilege of having as much advantage as we give.
I am sure Brother Haywood will
agree that should be the proper
If . is unfoi-f n:.t'j that in the
past we h:„"e'-.n,■■•r.deratood each
other as well as we s-hould. I am
free to.confess there has been a
time in my life when I held my
friend Mr, Haywood in less esteem than I do now, and I believe
I have been held in less esteem
than,he^.hOldiime now. ,-,1 believe
when men right ..at long range
tliey are liable ,to fight under misapprehensions, just as in the an*
thracite coal strike /when Mr. Baer
was in Philadelphia and I was in
Wilkesbarre, ," we profa'abuy. both
fought without a proper understanding of each other. I think
we would, have:,had a, better un*
dersstanding if. we sat in the same
room together.
The contract system in our organization -. is one of its. fundamental principles, If*' we have: in
reserve, a clause that gives, us the
right, ,'io '»trlket sympathetically,
either..ipx.bur own members or
for-the members -of other organisations, then I presume the oper*
atbrs^wilKask the right to close
their 'nines -.and to look uo.out
sympathetically with members of
their association or other employ*
erii*; associations who., may be
in trouble" n'. If we   were making
aliferous. man in America were in
the Western Federation of Miners,
Let  me'repeat now that,,what   1
have said before,  thasf> there   has
come to our office in the past ten
years     hundreds     of letters and
many  applications  from  men engaged    in the    metaliferous    industry, particularly the producers,
of iron ore, asking to come into
our  union.   In  every, case my reply has been that they ought'  to
join   the Western  Federation      of
Miners, that     we , did    not want
them.; that we had enough to do
in organizing the coal miners and
coke workers.     My position in the
American Federation of Labor haa
been  that  that  body  should not
attempt to  organize the men engaged, in the   metaliferous indus-.
try;; that those-men.belonged   to.
the, Western -.Federation. of-Miners.
I have   not much respecV for; j a<
workman    who   tries ~~ tp". es'ca-pe,
membership in his own union.)   I.
have found coal, miners—and quite
alarge number of-them—in different states     who wanted to'"leave,
the United Mine. Workers of America and go into some,other union'.-.
My .    observation' '.ihas 'been that
sucbu-'fellows: were -usually -trying •'
to "escape"* \being meriibers"of'.any
union    at all.     Their, professions
were -not. substantiated , by .their
actions;  they wanted to get   out
of-, paying-dues; they were willing
toJaccept the'benefits'that ' come
to' the"" workmen,  either,;through
the .1. efforts'    of  our.,   .union ... or
through.the efforts.of the Western
Federation of Miners and pay"nothing to .'either.'  .," '    „' .'. \.
, We are., glad Mr. Haywood is,
here.- The1,, coal" miners! I believe'
have demonstrated'in "a practical
'way',; .their great sympathy with'
him;," and, what. is. more import-'
ant to him I'know, with the cause
for which he - fought. - My hope' is
tha't nothing .will 'occur *in'the future to mar, the now. friendly relationship. that exists,between us.
Delegate Jones—I'move that we
extend " a vote of thanlcs to. Mr.i
Haywood " for his . address here
this—in o rning;—-fTT^—' :——*	
The  motion   was: seconded    and
carried by a unanimous vote.
Brewery Co., Ltd
Fernie,  B. 0.
Brewers  of Extra  Fine  Lager
and    Aerated   Waters.
Bottled    Goods    a     Specialty.
Crow's    N*st   Special
Miner's F«v«iHt« Cigars
B. E. WALKER, President
ALEX. LA1ED, General Manager >   '
A. H. IRELAND, Superintendent of
Paid-up Capital, $10,000,000
Rest, - - - 5,000,000
Total Assets, -.; 113,000,000
Branches throughout Canada, and in the.United States and England
nDoposita of $1 and upwards receiVedi;and-Interest. kUowsd a£
odnvot ■rates;' ;Xhe'depositor is subject to(''M./delik^;'*«rtu-tiv<Hr 1ft
&o >rithdxawal bt the whole or any;;j!ortio_i"o£"theria«poftfc" ",
Feruled Branch
;LiO   S.'^i  0/-.T-      :\ji..'  ^iU !.-■:
-•:♦ i
.♦- -
;'The;best,'doilar\a day house'.
i;:^.; ; Vthe'city;'"";-   , ;:
-. ,. Well stocked bar.
.Liquors and Cigars-of the
nw      highest-quality.
♦,.   ROSS BROS..,        PROPS,    g
H.  L.vEdmonds, i Manager
:*_»'.'.'a'it ■
!■'.■»'*■ "!    h
these contracts that would iult us
all right. I think X could make
the best conlraet' a man could
ask for. K I bad the making of
tho contracts,' you men -would be
driv}ng up hers in automobiles.
The unfortunate feature of it,
however, is that a combination of
men equally strong with us is the
other party to tho contract, and
thoy will insist upon having something to do with making it. I
novor know of any time sinco X
Ai"?r'e H-Mr V|-«or ZZ flOV.' 'b'<•"', ^n»n wtfh the Union whfln
mftrtft from on.r nr-vr iwjM-oved H' th* operators went away from
formub,f.lr»C5nnt?tnit\orcolor!l|th,B     convention hilarious about
I the hair even to the slightest
I degree. Gray hnir, white Iialr,
Monde hnir la not mnde n
i t*,iiu_c u.vi i.vv.   i'iai Ii ctir-iiii'.v
does stop falling hair,   No
question nbout that,
Doti no> rhani'a llir trl/tr of tht hah.
■ Vice-President Lewis—We have
a special, order of business for two
o'clock this afternoon, the election of two delegates to the International Mining ..Congress. As
there seems .to be no reports of
committees to come before, the
convention,' it, may not be necessary to have a session this afternoon; ''  ,
I move that we. re-consider ,.;the
motion made that the election of
delegates to the International
Mining Congress'be a special or*
dor of business- for two o'clock
this afternoon.' ...(Seconded and
carried;)   '
Vice-President Lewis—Is < that
motion now before the house?   ,k
President,Mitchell—It is,
Vice-President Lewis—I move I
that we. amend the motion to pro*
vide for the election of two delegates to the International Mining
Congress during this morning's
The motion was seconded ■ and
President Mitchell—Before. proceeding, to the nomination of candidates ■. rules '• must be mads '. for
the election, In other years da*
legates" .to the Mining Congress
were'elected one at \n .time. There
were ,.two .elections; in each case
the candidate receiving a majori*
ty-of all the votes cast being declared; elected,' t In each election
the candidate receiving, the nest
highest:'humber:of votes was de*
clared the alternate,
Delegate . Green (District 0)—-X
move ,that the delegates, to the In*
ternational Mining Congress be
elected by this convention in the
same manner as they have bean
elected at previous conventions.
(Sooondod and carried.)
The   following   delegates     were
nominated for first dologato to the i
International Mining Congress; D, <'
H.     Sullivan,     District   0; Alox,
Try this vveek and open a!
positing one "dollar.
Keep it up, and at the
end of the year you will
have saved a month's fair
wages, on which we are
.paying full compound
interest as your, account
"The Home Bank of Canada .;
is the particular friend of the
small depositor.^', The highest
rate of,!interest is >pnid, and ..
,. customers *^ho'.wish>,to save
o :< clo iely are louned'hahdy metal>r
i banks free^vest pocket site
-" for men.    "'""■''''   ''"    '■
.. ,.,5' it,'
: 11 will Im n» treubl* far you to epia an tcoou-t,
Lmv«, your «»m» and. iiitm$,, doponit one
dollar «nij tali* your piM book. Watn youato
out of (bo City, dqMtft* or withdrawal* may b*
mad* by latter, j.  ,
ci _■ o '-a**.11-  jx.**.
•,-i   r
To   Our
We thank you for, 1'past favors
and wish you a Merry Xmas.
and  a  Happy  New.Year l
J. 0.  QUAIl;
Hardware   ' ^ ^ 1ft, ......    Furniture
The Dominion Meat Co.
Fresh -and ' Salt' Meats' of "all- kinds   in stock
Poultry, Fishland, Oysters ih season  s    0
^   Dairy;.Butter and Ranch Eggs
Phone 4
Victoria ?Av«
G. W. iN.V Bquiton, Manager
Fernie -Branch
..The first .ballot-resulted as follows: • D. "A; Sullivan received 484
voteB-, - W. p. Van Horn .reoeiyed
802,,'yptes; Delegate O'Hura received 16 votes.
President Mitchell—Delegate Sullivan -having -received -* majority
b( all votes cast is declared
Tor the second delegate the (ol*
lowing names -were placed < in nomination; Alex.' Howat, Diitriot
14) O. W. Hartlein, District 9;
John McLennan, District 15; E. S.
MoOullough, District 84; John
Moore, DiHtrict 0; J, H, Walker,
District IS; James Clark, District
5; John Hutchinson; W. D, Van
Horn, District 11; Duncan McDon*
aid, District li!; John Green, District IU; T. Donovan, District 5;
W. D, Kyan, District IS; William
All tho delogutos nominated ds*
WIIOI__ni3-*i,Ij3BD -
_MX-Tr>  BSlTAIIi'
a       ' '■
fleat Merchants
LWAYS a choice supply of Beef,
Pork, Mutton, Veal and. Lamb on
hand. Hams, Bacon, Lard, Butter and Eggs.
Frcsh, Smoked and Salted Fish; always a
good assortment. Try our Mince Meat,
Saurkraut and Oysters.
Howat,  District 14; W, D,      Van i ^ned, with tho exception of Aloa
District   11;
E.  S.  McCul*
* » ~*i ' .ultkia i. ccliuJi,
■ffib-n VvMy, Vlr.lrkt P,
,1   T-<-
._     V   W ..
W. Hutchinson I
yorinuJi* with Moh Icltli*.
lnd(.e<i,v,«t' ticve ||-,!U stop every t««e
ot fillint* tisir unless there is some\ay
flliDw it lo your
A'It Imn itinnt H,
what they got. They havo usual-
* ly gone away growling because of
■ what wo took from them.
.    ..      ...      , . *..     .....
...,   .   ■».»,,^k   k]..   »^.i   l*J'k'**"Mh   v*   "■',
remarks, it in not my -purpose tn
John H. Walker, District IS; Do-
legato Loftus; John Mows, District
14; Delegate O'Hnrn, DistHct IS;
President    John   Mitchell;   A. I.,
^■i -n ,    I     •    j     « r,       »^    . -   .
son; Willinm Green District 6; Sim
i diflcuss tho dotailfl of an agree- j crotary-Treasuror, W. D, Wilson,
j ment between our respective asso*   Vice-Prosidont T, L. Lewis,
ciations. I do, however, hope,
and so far as.I am able to aid 7
'.hall 'lo so, to brirg Kbout a * relationship, a federation, a consol-
id.tlou, or :.u.itu baui- upon which
the members of tho Weotern Fed
The namos of E. S. McCullougb
and Alex, Howat wuro withdrawn
ttiiuiuatior.   for    first delf
eration  and  our*;
'Mi^nXA* Tlu«_0.- ! tn ftb30lule tannony'ond ior each
thou'.J c* i.Jiiuyotirrnysictitfi. Also ask >   .,    ,        .....'     '    .   • -
him st out the new Ayer's Heir Vl.or.    j othcr B »"u*»a-   ftdvancement,.,. ,J
~~M«a>byttaf.o.Afuc*..UwtU.tftw^-w | would be most happy if every met
■ The. following delcgaUf, declined
"' •"'•'• Rumination: Delegates Feehan,
• •••iy» .Walker,'   X-oftuh,  President
Mitchell,, pibson,  Qermer, Gcecn,*
Wilson, Vice-President
TJ-.* Jirii ballyi j-f-iilli'fl .*ii It>3-
lov/a: Alox Howat roceivwd 648
votos; G- W, Hnrtlein, 71 votes,
and John Green 70 votes.
Prosldont Mltcholl—Dclofrate Howat naviug received a Jiinjority oJ
i votes cast is'declared elected.
The delegates received tho next
largest number of votes, W. D.
Van Horn nnd John Green, aro
tho Alternates.
, O.i motion of Delegate ■ Clark,
! (District 6) tY.v rules were Nuspon'!-
| ed, uuA id 12 M. the convention
I was (\d.'ounted to meet at 0.00 a.
|m-i Tuewlay, January "8,
i ,   .        .., ,..-.o--—..-.-    ■
i Subscribe for the District Ledger.
Na, Mm
'0%    (US!'
IrHe' W WW Iff* W l-H*-H^^
There (1 a reuon why CAR HO MAONBTIC Rstorterelbebtit In Ibc world
I Tlila method of tempering which Is OUR EXCLUS1VU SBCRBT
PHOCOSS, PRBSERVCS TMHCARUON In the steel blades, whereas
tempering by fire, tho only other mctltu- known, DESTROYS IT.
In private uio. Do you realize what this means? Remember the
UVCRLASTINO EDaq. .  .     ~     ■  ..   *
J. D.  QUAIL   Agent, Fernie
«, *■
mmmm rA_-_ujr_-*_ab_aua_-i
The Eight Hour law up For its
Setbnd fl^itlins-The: Hag t:
Question to the Front
Edmonton/ Alta., Feb. 6.—The
Alberta, legislature has been putting in; a quiet time for tho "week
past and from the work accoih-'
plished^it looks a good deal like
a casejLof "sojering,,? although,* of*
course|| a'1 legislator always,, explains |.the surface'showing of in-
activitjf byu saying JJplenty r-'-of
work jfin committee," So far
there ghas been no bill of first,
magnitude before the house for
any thing more-than a. first reading, and some of the debate has
been of'a character which in,print
is usually called buncombe; > and
out     of    print is    usually called
.. something else. For instance,
yesterday afternoon Robertson,
the brilliant member of the opposition, brought in a motion to
provide     that    the national flag
..should fly on every school house
in the province. Manitoba and
British Columbia have both proven the violence of their love for
the empire by similar legislation,
and as both provinces are. governed by conservative majorities, and
as Robertson constitutes - one
half of the conservative representation, his motion was supposed to be' a masterly" stroke
for the. upholding of the conservative loyalty to the old
flag. .„ Being as the motion came
from     the opposition,  and there-
, fore could not be allowed to go
through, Premier Rutherford moved , an . amendment to the effect
that the flag be displayed within
_ JLh_e_class_xo om_o f_ever_v_seh_o ni _i n _
.the province. Had the motions
been vice verse it would have made
not the slightest difference; it was
a case of parties having to differ
because they were supposedto. be
different parties. And so they
went at. it, and for close to two
hours those giant intellects assured each-'rfcther that they and they
..only represented the party of
the greatest,.!.; loyalty in the
province,)of'Alberta and the Dominion of Canada, . History was
exhumed-,' records dug up and met-
aphorical- brick bats fired forth
and back'aero S3 the floor of the
house in "' contention "of the petition of the positions of the two
great historic, parties. ' Finally,
when the smoke had all cleared
away and the last-echoes of the
palaver had died 'in the frosty
mist outside, tho clerk was pleased to be able to record that tho
government's amendment had car-
ried by a majority of 33 to 2—
and thus ^ was, the loyalty of tho
groat liberal party vindicated;
and tho     dear old Una- will hang
.able, members agreed to-the-.first
reading of the bill?". Just what
would happen, if some honorable
member' "said that he was "not
agreed has never been made plain,
as up to the present moment no
such precedent has been,set in the
annials of parliaihlntaury affairs,
although the game has, been played this way for something like a
thousand years. In this particular'case it; was 'the'Minister' of
Public Works who introduced the
bill., It.is .officially known as Bill
No. 31, being an Act .'to Amend
the Coal Mines Act for the purpose of limiting the Hours of Labor Below Ground. V So far the
act has not been printed, but
your Correspondent .'"was "put m
possession of a copy,;and from all
surface indications" it' seems to be'
about>,what is :wanted.- There is
.one clause which,needs a little explanation and may require elimination, but" that remains'a matter
for the housed to? deal "with/'as it
comes up.- --.-It seems ;to be'pretty
* -, ■ \ V - j , ■ - ■   »      -■' •>   ■  • •"*
simple and to the point.. Clause I
says "Subject to the provisions of
this act a workman shall riot"be
below ground in a mine for the
purpose of his work and of going
to and from his work or be allowed to be below ground for that
purpose for more than eight hours
during any consecutive' 24 hours."
This clause looks like about
what is required. There are the
usufil executions, such as accident,
with these exceptions is the onlv
emergency, etc., and' in connection
clause that might be construed into meaning what it seems to say.
Suh-section (b) of Clause A,
says*. ,,
No contravention or this act
shall have deemed to have taken
place in the case of any workman
who is.below ground for the purpose of rending assistance in the
event of accident, or for meeting
any danger,, or ^for dealing with
any emergency or (mark here)
exceptional work which requires to
be dealtv with', without interruption in order to avoid serious in-
terfeaence  with   ordinary       work
15th, 1908.
iocttusiiONS in wsiRia is u: M;wrof a;
FERNIE, 2314—Fres., I. T. Fuck-
ey; Fin. Sec, Thos. Biggs.     „','
HOSMER, 2494--Fres.)"Wm." Taylor; Sec, Wm. N.Reid -.:. ':' -,
MICHEL, 2334-Pies.,.* Wra."". Col-
grehoun; Sec, Charles Garner. .
COLEMAN, 2633-Pres., W. Hay-
son; Sec, Wm. Graham.    '"
FRANK, 1263-Pres., Fred Alio tt:
Sec, George Nichols.'  ":   '
LILLE,' 1233-Pres., T. Evans;
Sec.; A. W. May.    ' ,   '
BELLEVUE, 431-PresJ, F. 'Lewis;
,, Sec., Fred Chappell.  '-,  .   -. .  ■
HILLCREST, 1058—PreB.; Robert
Livett; : Vice-Pres., J. Lagace:
Sec;, Harry T„ Cooper.
LTJNDBRECK,. 2275-Pres.,,,,Ale*v
McCullock; Sec, Peter Blake..'
WOODPECKER, '2299-Pres.:; ' W.
R. Hughes;- Sec., John^ -Fletcher,,
M0RR1NVILLE, 2378-Pres.. C.
H. Richardson; Sec, J. Mathe-
son.  . --'- i-.i'--
Sec, T. Entwistle.
CANMORE, 1387—Pres., W. Sav.
age; Sec, Jack Raymond.
BANKHEAD, ,29-Pres., Wm.
Fisher; Sec, F. Dyson.
TABER, 102-Pres., T. Boyle;
Sec, Wm, Murdock.'
LETHBRIDGE,    574—Pres'.'' B., ,G.
Sec,   Charles    Pea-
in the mine." "
, The last end of this suu-section
reads all right, at first glance, but
there is room for a little doubt as
to whether a technicality-loving
supreme court judge could, not,
construe it to mean that the haulers could be worked for as many
hours "as tho1. superintendent
thought good for them. However,
this is a- matter for the Minework-
er's lobbyists, and they "will probably give it the attention it
deserves!     ■ ■'■■'..'
■ -There..is another", feature' of. the
act which is .certainly, not 'satisfactory and that "is that it is not
to go,into effect until,the 31st ol
March. 1909. This is the"'date
Bet- in the : draft, of: the. billi1'but,
the minister, of "public works' has
promised .to havo ..this .so 'altered
that it will come into effect on the
1st  of Janunry,  1908.   ■
Otherwise,'the bill appears to be
satisfactory,' and'there ia no great
room for.complaint.
. Cla.uco 3 provides.that Uio'-'owk.
TABER, 135»—Fres., Alt'.. Roberts; Sec, Robert.Doodson. •
CITY MINES, 2240, Edmonton—
Pres., T. James;.
STRATHCONA,1 2248—Pres., John
^ Saint; Sec, Jas. Poole.
Strathcona—Pres., Jas. ., Cherl-
erj'Sec, Nfiil Mc Cormick.
BUSH MINES, 2655, Edmonton—
Pres., Chas.. L. Bryce; Sec,
, Presidents and secretaries whose
names do not appear on this' list
are requested to forward them to
this office for. insertion.   .,
Continued inquiries reach us for
the-foregoiug^informationT^ ~—"
Sections 6 and 7 are' the penalty clauses. The fine for a miner is
$5 and for an owner $50.,
So far the bill has,had an easy
course,,,but of course the opposition camps are still to hear from.
It is reported here today -that a
big bunch of mine owners is due
here on Saturday in order "to..do
their lobbying. before the bill goes
to its second reading, and it is
also reported that they are going
to make a dead set ior the exclusion , of the trammers .from, the
provisions of the act. But judging
from the standpoint of an ignorant observer,, your : correspondent
is of the opinion that the miners
iwill get all they want in "the way
of an act and the owners will be
able, to • .supply "their, own,sympathy, i * -■• ■ i, -; ; •
1 , O.     ;
A T-r.rr Live?
Mny lp only a tiiv.i I:\mi-, ,.i* a sfn.rvrs'i
liver,   iitvuiik! i , r, u\;\.\d ar-, iwll u-i
Our Four Legged Songster That Wears <■
,   .Wings on Its Head.'-
As.jBUl, the desert evangelist, once
said, the mule is the only bird that
has a thing to kick with and wears lt»
wings on the side of Its head. Bill got
religion after he quit driving mules or
else he quit driving males when he got
religion. -. Anyway, he knew what he
was talking about
The. theory of evolution" teaches us
that.the;Jackass Is an unexpurgated
edition of the Jack rabbit, bound <!n'
leather and complete in one volume.
Both have the same characteristic hind
kg ;'motion, but with the difference
that1 the rabbit thereby propels Itself,
whereas the mule propyls others! r.The
.fettei end of the mule Is hinged, and,
has a hair trigger arrangement and la
as prone, to accidental discbarge as a
powder mill is to fly;upward;- There-
forej.it comes' in military, matters because of tbe omnipresence, of the'army fmnle with"-Its peculiar way of
making itself felt that the, rear is the
plaeej^f'danf-er.; ' ■'* ''■-"''     -"  - ■
A most notable accessory of tbe beast
Is the strident and raucous vocal attachment situated up front. No means
have ns yet been' discovered by which
this mechanism can be lubricated, and
the melody is a sort of cross between
onr neighbor's phonograph and the
whistle of tho pancake- factor}', across
the river. It is mostly nocturnal.in
its manifestation. It..Is a curious fact
that this apparatus is controlled from
the rear,' for to uncork the music the
beast has merely to extend its caudal
appendage into a horizontal position.
It is said by certain rash .individuals
who lean toward osteopathy that this
vocal exercise, may be suspended by
hanging the monkey wrench to the
safety value." But I do not consider
this a healthy amusement and am inclined toward absent treatment.
Although the latter end of the beast
Is loosely hung and the former adds
insult to injury, yet, interesting as
are both these phenomena, tho superlative characteristic of the creature la
its expression of countenance. That
long ascetic physiognomy, bounded by
those hopeless ears and quivering lips
seems infinitely sad and yearning,
with that meek, long suffering, quoth-
the-rayen-never-more look ha its eye.
You are conscious.of a feeling of sympathy for this fellow creature. You
reach for your bandanna and draw,
nigh to sympathize with its grief and
soothe its <plaintive mood, when, biff,
you are knocked Into the middle of
^nextTweekTwlflle the mule looks round
with that heartbroken expression as If
to say, '"Such a sad accident, wasn't
it?" -      *
The moral of this dissertation is that
it is time to put the cart before the
horse when the horso is a mule.—Earl
H. Creasy in Minneapolis Journal,
inside, Ono bright youth among'j<iV i-S mluirt!i-1 to fix , tho time fori
tho roportorial gang which fol- Itllc Jlllin C0^-'" Aov/n the f.h-ut nnd I
lowfi tho proceedings of tho house   '
suggested that thoy might spike
it" to the outsido of the school,
Hko tho breeds do a skin, and
that a compromise would thereby
be arrivod at, but it is plain to be
soon that the young man was not
a good party man; otherwise he
would havo recognized that the
case was altogether too soriouB a
one for such undue levity.
In due course, and with a com*
plete regard for the colossal' importance of this kind oflegisla*
tion, tho papers today make sev-
oral columns of the matter, each
party organ giving its own inter*
protntion of tho debated question,
and tho long-suffering public is ox-
peotod to take it nil in and troat
it seriously. Insido tho news*
paper offices this kind of stuff is
called dope, but to tho great elec
torate beyond it is supposed
to post tho regulations in. a con-
spicious place,, on tho shaft house,
Ho is also required to have a man
at tho shaft mouth to tako the
time at which tho men aro lot
down and raisled ngain to the surface, and provision is mado for
tho men keeping a man Ior the
anme purpose; if they are so desire
undor the same conditions that a
check-weigher is Kept. These records are required to bo accessible
to the department at any time
and there, is a penalty of $50 for a
wrong record, Cagors, onsetters,
horse-keepers and pumpmen are
not included in the aot.
Clause 4 sayst '
"Tho Lieutenant Governor     in
Council may, in tho event of groat
si-v.ij-rt lhid:; to l«-.,.,, ,-, *
!,U!-'l i '. ;:u: <) ]'.'• ] '; -red ill
ill uv.itinf; Uie l.i;-..*inc,-, toq-ia )1>,
a KTOit inlifij'.l!o to )*...)i It viih
(b;'.:itlo di'iiijij.   A toriiM live-;* !.-, 1
.   J"'';
„l* !"
i .''ins:
hirtloalldn of en i:!-ii-'!ir!.%".:, pj>f ■■bled
boily whnso organs aru.wwiry wlili .iver
work. Btui't with tho n*oinuch ami ulll»'d
organs of digestion and nutrition. Put
thom in woriclnu ordor' and soo how
quickly your livor will bocomo active.
Dr. Piorcft's Golden Jlodk-al Dlscovory
has mado many marvelous cures of "liver
troublo.»• by Us wonderful control of tlio
organs of dlueoUori and nutrition. It re-
fitoros tho normal activity of tho stomach,
.ncru.se> tho socrctlohs of tho blood-raftl;*
, lag Rlim-ls, eloftii«e» tho system from ikiI*
.oonoutaceumulatlont, and so relieves tlio
'liver of tho bunions Impoaud npou It by'
the defection of other organs,
If you lnvo bltteior bad tute In tlio worn*
tor, Dooror-varliblo tppeilto, costc4 ion-rue,
foul broith, coMtlpited. or Irrcrmlar Iwwek
fool weak, culli Urod, acspondenl, frequent
neidiehciipah) ardlftrowHp'emall of btck,"
•jm»\rln*i or fllBfi-CMPd. f**Ito** In sioiuieh,
pcibtjpji n.ut0a,Nulftii#v«N^J(\r "riiinf-*" la
tlirottl nftor tatlnt', end J(!r>iiM *ymptom«
of won)! utematch nrrt torpid ll*>*-|| Uf_ig,«tll*
| der in council suspend the opera
I tion       '    '
tion aet will probably come up
for first reading this afternoon,
1-f.d in _J2 prjLA.lity wiU U on
for steond reading on Tuesday
next. The flmt reading, it in
hardly neeatiary to state, is ft
pure formality, When it is a gov.
eminent measure some member of
the government Hum vary surfouc-
ly to his feet and propounds *
sentwien to the «ffeet that hu here*
hy bege .eave to move tbe first
reading of bill No. to and so, and
the ipiaher tayi, "Are the honor*
..-      to
bo campaign literature Rats.
But   to     como back to tho nor- ition     oi tbls ACt  to 8Uch PJ-*pnt
ious business of tho session,   the I alV"1 '°r 8uch •Periotl fts >"«y     be
r^o-bt^r 1-.-.V- ■•>— - ■ '    ''   * ■•    ' nnmpd iu  th»  nrr'nr    M*v»	
_     »       -  '-   ».;,.   e^„  .,.> ,ui  ti„  i(4M . ... .  '  *■"■
flvnt  Mndi-ng  ypr.ttirrlnv    and   u-a*.    P eonl •nlnnB nr f",7 ^nrr,
put down for'sorond "reading   on ' °f C<"*1 mlncN'"
Monday   next.      The  Compensa- i    Th,B clftUS0 Is not consldenfd at
all dangerous nnd judging from
whore we sit the great emergency
c. s. -r.'..,;">..i^v; >,; waI ia tfc■:taiiiiy
not threatened at the prenent time
at least.
Clause 6 provide! tor mines
which are not opened by shafts,
and practically tbe some regulations- are madt; that Js to say
where a mine is entered by a tun*
uel, Sec. 5 undertakes to provide
the wording which will make tun.
nel stand for abaft in the eyes or
the law.
emergency, or of any grave ccon-   .,      .,,„., -.—-■-
.,..,, '  h * °"     clne-vtlll relieve you mm unim.it.y «■; j-iik.
omlc    disturbance duo to tho de* i faj^P^Ml^tl/* nnTO-^frffi
iimnd for coal exceeding tho sup- I ^!:J2-^:^SlJ_ll'.l'2SyL_v  y::.r[^p* vnl*
ply availablo at tho time, by or
Legends and Customs of the Natives
. *:,i\    of New Zealand..
Many traditions of the Maoris of
New Zealand Indicate true refinement
of feeling. That' of* Nlwareka, or Great
Delight, is one of these and represents
a gentlo Maori maiden, beautiful and
modest, whp, though deeply loving her
bridegroom, .yet, shuddersint tbo bar-,
barlty of his peoplo and -at his delight
in bloodshed nnd cruelty, Unable- to
bear tbo sights nnd sounds around her,
she passes'from his embrace and seeks
the shadows of another world. Only
through gront suffering nnd sacrlflco
does hor young husband, unoble to boar,
his solitary lot, re-loom her from tho''
shades, This beautiful legend In bound
up with Hio.orI/'ln of tho custom of tho
tattoo, an ordeal which ilio lover was
compelled to c:iduro that ho ml-j-ht
realize the nature uf sn.Torlng.
Ono of tlio finivit UwiiOm of old Mno.
vl romiMH'.* rejiite,' Imw u ds.tnv.litor of
tho hoavoim foiinr-icuniiH to dwell wllh
ninn, but, ivpolli;,! by his ruiieness
niul want of nyiuiiatliy. iiReondo again
to tlio Kklo.')', onrrylng  with  lior lior ; 	
eiirlh born child.   Upp liiishnnd In only |    The Oandinn Magazine for Febr-
nblo to reach her and rognin her lov'o   uciry is more 'than' ever distinctly
bv   "nllmliln-   iimrnnl     im»   li«  «n>.ll>l.<     n 11...      •»,       , _
weary traveller in search oi a pood
home, plenty, to eat and something' good to
drink should go to
The King Edward Hotel
J. L.  Gates,   Proprietor
Fernie, B. C.
Corner Hanson St.
..& Victoria Ave.
Keep Zam-Buk Handy!
Accidents will happen to the
b.;st regulated families,', and
the necessity of keeping handy
-a box of Zam-Buk—-the valuable "first-aid"cannot be too
strongly insisted upon.
Mr, K. Webster, 519 Seigneurs Street,
Montreal, .ays 1 "One day ai I wn« lining
a pan of water off the itove, my son Eddie
rnn toward 111 c and knocked the pan tip-
ward*. The water ran over his neck nnd
scalded him very b.idly. It is a very awkward place en which to keep a plaster iuhI
several things which we tried failed to (jive
hitn relief. We then applied Zam-Uuk
(which we had used some time before lor a
bad* Catherine on my little dMi|;!iler'sh*ad)
and tliis acted like a charm. It drew away
the pain nnd hcnlcd the jcnld, We have
pioved Zam.H11I; nti Invaluable ltmcdy,"
K-W«ifl4.W«ir)i>i (-41-
' H*<M/ll»-_l>'<iJNMM _V*£-<_M*
SEh'D FOn Filtli* SAMPLE
Acquaint ,yo'ii i!f \\\\\i  ;:,.ni,I.'nli,     Send  llui
i-'vp-n u-'ili   if. .-.I.vir.;i (■;■ ji   rci-.nt!   po-ia,- I   lo
'I h» Z,',m.|l,ili Oi,, '[',„„:,n, anO p',«'*« :i
i..mpln bn>i,
Zam-Suk's Wonderful Way.
Zam-Buk is absolutely unique in its
composition, and must not be confused with
cheap ointments containing rancid animal
fat which the skin cannot absorb, and
which consequently inttead'of cleansing
the pores clogs them up,
s, bruises, bur
scalds, chapped hands, cold sores, chafing
Zam-Tiuk  has  revolutionised   exiilin_
methods of healing cuts, bruises, burns,
and treats in a new, »cientific and effective
way the worst case of ecieriia, piles, ulcers,
bad legs, blood-poisoning, festerin-*, psoriasis, scurf, rliigwurin, child-en's scalp
(roubles, sores on il-.r- led', and all those
inflamed, burning, iriitnble and diseaicd
conditions of the liuninn *•!;!« that incapacitate nnd t'M'uri: their th* .i*aiid victims.
OfaM <tiLii;.ri-.i« nn<l *|.>rr«, .,,.. « l,-,x, or nost>
Inly,paid from ll.v /.mi-Jlnk (.*-•., Tw..nlo, on recflnl
Kl    i<-i f.nc.,   3 Iv x s fu f i.-j.
frWhWM V    WU,,. .
by "climbing upwnril, not by earthly
tondrlla, btit by thofio which, descend*
Itiff from tho henvons, hnvo taken root
In earth,".
Ono curious feature of tlio domestic
llfo of tlio Now Zealand natlvcB Ih that
tho old women aro led to bollovo that
tbo highest honor' tlioy can enjoy Is to
bo permitted to do all tho cooking and
prepare tho food. A. (treat deal of In*
bor Is thus left to thorn, which thoy
cheorfnlly perform, renontlnjf any In-
torforctico on tlio part of tho younger
Maori women, who thtiH have plenty of
lolnuro for onjoyniont,
Hi Set a Date.
A morchont In n \Vi«cotwln town who
hod a fiwedUu clrrk Bent him outtodo . A,.urn.. t*..ii   i.      ",»-:' '
«mo .olKotit,,.    Wl,» be retan,.!   J^uKtVO S%?^£*
Canadian. It starts off with an
illustrated artido by Frank YoiKh
entitled "The Cariboo Trail," and
somo of the other most important
contributions are as follows: "The
Washington of tho North" by M.
0. Scott, illustrated, being nn account of the work dono by the
Ottawa Improvement Commission
to beautify the Capital; "The
r,ast Letters of Wolfe and Montcalm" by K. V, Itoss; an outline
of the "Cnnadian Xmmicratlon
Policy" by W. S, Wallacoi "Tho
Art of St, Thomas Smith" by R.
Holmes, with reproductions of
some of Mr. Smith's pictures;
'The Trade into tho North," by
"WK!:?: W TO •
Chicago, Feb. 13.— Murdor as the
cliinax of a serins of threatcnin-j
letters by the blackmailing gang
of Italiuus known as the "Black
Hand," will give the newly form*
Hd "Whito Hand" society its first
opportunity to ahow it« Htrcngth.
Following upon the receipt ot
several letterB demanding money,
Joseph Concello was shot down in
fold blood In the nlloy in the rear
of his home Inst week. Three
Khots were fired into his body at
(•lore range, *>ach c'ae taking tf*
feet.   Donth  was  alnioit  instant-
t jTjivv 0f 1K~iilxm-Tyhi{Toinii will bu pu'((*;:;
ni ono timo mill yet i>i.Iiit to to'.'i>ltl llveir.r
):liliiiiM;i'i>ii ami \n-n\t utiirno.'li. A-uld ell
hot iii'fml mill l.li'itlls, irridilla cnlo-* einl
other liidl*.'*':.!'!.'*' f'«.tl mid l.nlic lliu'Mlnldin
Wi'flli'al l)|>4* >vi-i'.,-" ifj-ijlnilj- nnd stick to its
tiffi 'i-"It --nil 'ivc v'.-'i-ivv 1i»l '-tl'i'.ni'.
Tun "|ii-.''iiv»-ti"' u in'ii-*".*' I'v-l. liou-ftlco-
'.i,j'.' .-.',, 1 '   .,■.', 1 *  v    1   " :-
nr.l nv.'N vi''i (■ T"!! V.il if !;*. Ir'.-rr'1'pnti
prlnU'il en citi ti '.i ■'■<>('•'■ ■niT'nr .'.ittt attfuiul
iirnlrr iitili li. ii'/iv.li nti, tio enibmc'd
nnd rxic'lnl '•:■' tli» n-.cut -.-rtilnont tnmllciU
WnlCIT (-'( I1"' «'''! l-l'tl 1 K' !«-|'('l.lliil.'lld»:(J to
euif Hi--li" ■■■<" fir-.villi lilt 1", r.d\ IkcO,
^^, , -t   , • ,,1 , •   ■■   i>,| .-*■•■,(  .  ,,»   .... (..    ,,...
romp-'-K!"!) Idl U.Ik l.'*l!-.N,vMt UBIUCLKK
o;' bnov/v (H'Ui'dHir'-tx
from nn nnsnee.>!i«fiil trip ho reported:   {?«?'" bt Ti^i "?10 Can'l'dl",n
"Yhli roiiKun m liu vlll jmy ven ho ■ of otlaw? ' ° *       l-w,',rt' K* C" \ oncous. Tlm nmrderir escaped
Rolls his hogs,   Vim OloHon, bo vlll pay
von lie HI I1I111 v/|n*nt, nnd Hill Tack
say ho vlll pay in Y11 unary."
"Well," i-nld il». Ii.v:*, <'th,ii'*| tbo
flrnt ttmo Ttlll evet* net 11 ilnto,;*x> pny,
T»' «      1 11 , ,,'""'
*  .-.    *.,;    tn.tj     P.*}    .#■,-     *i\.i4,i4    i'**S     III
"Veil, nyo tank ko," wnld the clerk.
"IIo fny it hnn n cold «l;ty ven yon got
tlist n;onfy. I t.-ink tint km in Yanu>
"For several winters past     my
wife   has   been troubled with     a
Tho shooting followed within a
NIGHTS, ! ■?,'w J*oniii i*u uttcinpt to murdor
-'Lucinnn Tavauelli and members of
I his family in their home, Ho,
: 100, nau received several letters
. i.cinuUwixiK fe£o*t4.
Tliti    mi-rder   is the first fatal
Who opens the door to success
must push—John Strahan.
One steret aet of self-denial, one
saci-Mlie > of inclination to duty, is
worth all the mere good thoughts
warm feelings, passionate prayero
In which idle people induif#.-J.
H. VtmrmtA.
most  ptrslsttnt  and disagreeable,,, outcojno ci the thieatenmir ltttora
;cough, which invariably extended' B
' over   a  period of several    weeks
fiTlrt      i\f|.ie.j|-1    V****      ;-**.£***!•   .-J * ** '}*»':
nights,"    writes Wiif**C. Hayner,
Perfectly CWminfl. _ _
"You seem to find your book very j editor'of the Burley," Colo., "Stall
intorestinfr, m»% Mnldstone." I «tin. "Various remedies were tried
"Yes, it Is one of tho most charming I *-ch year, with no beneficial re-
stories 1 have ever rend, And »o! »"*t». In November last the
true to life. Every man In it U • vl)*' cough again put in an appearance
lain."* jsnd my wife, acting on the sug*
■ , Station oi a friend, purchased    a
A (treat Thinker.
Wise- Younv JkrwHiUr U a greut
Wigs*-Yea; ibe thinks U «u tlac-*
Philadelphia ln<julrtr.
bottle of Chamberlain's Cough
TtrmfiAy. The result was indeed
marvelo-of, After three dote* the
cough entirely disappeared end
has not maaifttttd itself sbeee."
This' remedy ia for sale by all
drugjleti.   '"
sent to reaidetits of tho Italian
<olony durin*- the last f«w y*»nrs
in which the recipients, mostly;
tbo wealthy members of the district, were warned that unless the*/
depoaited certain sums of money,
in places indicated, they would
break into their houses or dynamite them.
The "White Hand" society was
organised last November to eheek
the blacktuaileiis. it was formed
byprofesiional and businessmen,
The new organisation anaonnc-
*d that it would conduct a war of
MUminatioa against the "Hack
I* ..-,.-. .-.j-:t.-,-   '«
, v,. nvlM-MdOBKiuoKB—feKi ■ J»»nn~i^M—***■
, .^,^w*(-..^"V»..
ii' «a-_*.T
. .'„jiT-_S V
News of the City
FOB, -SALE!.—A four roomed
house on lot 60x120, situated on
Ho-wland Ave: '" Cheap for cash.,,
or will jgive terms.   -Apply at this
office,   >:■     ,.'.,  •'* w-S-t!
FOB, ;SALE.—5 ' roomed plastered house, good'pantry, .on lot 55
xl32 ii.; .Also shack 26x14 ft on
same lot,*West Fernie ,(terms arranged)^ Apply J. Biggs.
Money * Wanted.—?1,000 on improved ifarm of.,160 acres, containing ■ 50, acres broken, a house
barn, and'• good well, all fenced,
2-J miles from^Killam Alta., will
pay 10 per .cent, for. five or ten
years.     Apply M. E; Shea, Elko.
We are ■ prepared to furnish No.
1 Crow's Nest Lake ice.1 For particulars,'/address Good Bros.,
Crow's Nest,.;B.  C.  ,    !• ■■   ""■  !,i-
FOR SALE.—My house and lot.
L. P. Eokstein.
WANTBi>.*~One experienced general •servantr'..^, Apply, Mrs. Jas..
McEvoy., ;..:   . ;'■ ' ; ' -   '- *'
.—^7-0^ -
J. D. Hurd went to Calgary on
Sunday evening.
L. Strattoii; of Frank was in the
city on Tuesday.
■   Don't forget our voting contest
See Ad.,on Page,5.,  -
C. J. Bulger took a prisoner to
Nelson on Thursday.
Miss Gladys Andrews is the latest addition to'the post office
staff.    .'.. .       ■„
W. Symonds, wife and family,
are registered, at'a Nelson hotel
this week.
Do not forget that ?1 paid ' on
subscriptions, old or new entitles
you to  3 votes..
Don't forget the concert on the
20th, under the,, auspices of the
Fernie Curling Club.
President F. H. Sherman left
here on Sunday to attend the convention  at   Calgary.
Mrs. W. R. Ross left on Sunday
morning for the coast, where she
Will join her-husband.
Wm. Dunlap, of Bankhead, who
was attending the Miners Board.
left for his home on., Sunday'
See "Liphardt about that' watch
he  has  them  at  any  price $1.00
?2.50, $2.75, $5.00, ?6.50 and. up.
Fred Kirkpatrick returned .from
Cranbrook' on   Sunday.   Fred j_s_.
helping'-us,a few.-days this week
Mrs. .Lashley Hall left on Wednesday, for an-'extended trip to
,los Angles, and California points.
Peach orchard for sale in Okan-
agon Valley- part bearing this
year. Apply W. S. Stanley,
•Ledger, "
V/e are, sorry - to report that
Mrs, Robert Moore is quite ill at
present, and- hope for her speedy
recovery. „ (1
Mr, Reagh, C. _P. R. agent at
Hosmer has. been" transferred, and
Mr. W, Watson, formerly, of Pinch-
er, succeeds him.
Miss Barrens, who has been in
the hospital suffering from typhoid the past 6 weeks is able to
bo around again.'
The moving , pictures at the
Opera house &ie affording great
amusement. The scenes this week
have been very good.
We have been asked to state that
the article re suit over Calgary
property is being taken against
Milner &. McCutcheon.
If you want to be sure of waking up in time these dark mornings get one of Liphardts alarm
P. Carrick was presented with
a handsome manicure set, and military brushes, yesterday by his
fellow employees.
A grand concert will be given at
Hosmer, on February 25th, A
?&■ Saturday  Specials 'C;
Golden West Washing Powder, 3 lb packages,     Regular 25c
'..'..   Special 20c
Golden 'West'Lye;"/ Regular 2 tins for 25c -.' ;.-/.''
I Special   10c each ''»
<&       ^mmMwmm^^^m^m^^^mMawaiam^a^*mammmmm^mamwmmmmavmmnwamwmmBW*0mmmwH*a^ma^ammmmwm^^^^^m--
fa . — —— *-—■ — . »—....       ...
<fo    Pay Cash ,   . '   ■ ,   W. J.   BLUNDELL        Prompt Delivery
The pay r.oll today amounts to
$185,236.25. Then say Fernie ia
not still very much alive.
"Park, house|'.general manage",
Hurd's residence is now ready fori
occupancy, after extensive .repairs ;'■"
'The new'    miners hall   of Glad*
stone Local will cost upwards of-
$30,000. ;
' The long looked, for paper has "at
last appeared. I'Am. I listening",»ox
am" I talking?"'   "       " .</:":'v.
A. B. Liphardt has a very "fine
selection of loose diamonds which
he can mount in his owiv workshop.   His prices are.right...
At last there are Jrumors of a
building being erected at Cran-1
brook. The Imperial Bank , are.
going to build a two,.storey pressed . block. . That. is going • aoine
for Cranbrook.        •_ „   .,-  .',
Miss Maud Clapp entertained a
number of her young, friends on
Tuesday evening lost. Following
the usual • games and other'amusements , supper was served, which
concluded an enjoyable outing.'
Messrs. Lockhardt ' & Gillespie
have opened up their, store, at the
stand where the Fernie Cigar store
lately vacated. These gentlemen
are both well known in Fernie,
and will no doubt receive a -full
share of patronage. See their Ad
on page one,  this issue.
.^•V-       -     '. ' '     ■     -,,;;■
;■/ Plans and Estimates furnished.
,-.   Jobbing.' Sash and Doors.
Builder's Stairwork a Specialty
'•-•P^   '    .. .■*■ -,    . ,-        ,: =   \
'M»     Satisfaction guaranteed. .  .   .
P.:6. Box 183    ' '     Union labor
Hay for Sale
{§    Good Prairie Uay'foi.Sjie ,0 <2>
* ..   iu . Car Lots °. :S
§  W. c. Barker    Cayley, Alta. - @
Opens on .January 6th, Why not study
s''Qi'thaiid,,l)u.oUkceing, etc.', and qualify
for n good salaried position .; Wo ' can
■-heli> you. Intareating catalogue froc on
request to F. G-. Criirlmtt, Priii(*i|ml of
The Garbutt Business College,. Gilgnry.
ISui!!if3Er» & Oont. 'actor.
Ksi imates  Furnished  and
Satisfaction   Guaranteed
Do not, forget that in attending ! <$<^<^§><^®§<$><&fy&§Q^'M>®<$>
the   Hobert    Ganthony Co.,   you '<?> <p
will ' be .. helping out the' Curling
Club. " The show" isn well worth
the patronage, of'all. In speaking
of it the management say: ,  -
Zr... offering this brilliant, unique
combination to the entertainment-loving pviblic' of the West,.we
that we are-offering the most.remarkable aggregation that, has
ever visited Western >.Canada. Mr.
Ganthony has , on ' several occasions entertained King Edward
VII, as well as the Prince and
Princess of Wales, to whom he
was personally presented'-by request of Her Royal Highness*
has entertained and lunched with
the King and Queen of, Denmark,
and'-was especially invited to join
the house party of the late Hon,
W. E. Gladstone on the occasion
of his famous and historic voyage
on the ','Tantallon Castle." We
trust the citizens, of Western Canada will show their appreciation
by a most liberal.patronage on
the occasion of this great artist's
visit and make, his tour of the
Greater Last West the most memorable of his career.
$. Fernie and Hosmer
Liverpool, Feb. 16,—It was announced as a result of the steamship conference in London last
week a three year's agreement had
been reached by which all steamship line will have uniform rates
all the year round and no rebates as hitherto, or first or second
class or return tickets. The Canadian lines, however, will havo
the option of making a reduction
of 30 shillings during tho winter
The following are under-
* Z»^v'nrv«rX<Ty?JT\'  .    A! stood to be, tho now "rates
numbn of FernioR best talent are     TUflitnnln  nnA Wi.«r->t»nl
goinjv down to take part.
Kead our ad on page 5, and send
in your vote;*, to tho manager.
This a chaneo of a lifetime to as-
scrt the popularity of your choice.
A:.Jy Ke.i.i.'c.y of Suddaby's
drug store, who has been in the
hospital for some time, went to
Calgaiy on Tuesday, for a short
The Coleman Hockey Club pass*'
ed through the city on Sunday, on
their return from Rossland, where
thoy have -been attending the
Geo. Doyle, of P. Burns Co.,
who has been In the hospital during the past 5 weeks, is able to be
around again, and left for Calgary on Sunday evening for a
Tho funeral of the late «, Van*
huyten the Uelgian who was hurt
and since died from the effects of
the accident at the coke ovens last
week was held on Wednesday nf*
J. D. Aye, representing the
Koottnay River Land Co., who
who are doinr* extensive irrlcn.
tion   work   at Uaynes Lake paid
up   u  I'-^Jt   thh  la-ek.     Xi; Aye
that the company's woik
Lusitania and Mauretania, first
class, £Cu, 10s,; second class, £12
lCron Frinsossin, Cocelio and
Xni'.er WiJhelm II, £25 10s.; so-
ond class £12.
Kaiser V.'ilhelm De Grof.so, Kron
'Prince V/ilhehv. and Dcutchland,
£23, 10s,; second class, £12;
Adriatic and Amerika £22, "10s.;
second class ,£11,
Tho rates aro Axed on a gradually descending scale to £17, 10s,
for first class on the steamers of
the Canadian Pacific railway and
Allan Line company and £9, 10s,
for second class on these lines.
 ■■■'0 —■*-
Victoria, B. C, Feb, 10.—In sup.
port of his resolution for an inquiry by tho Dominion government into the alleged eoal com*
bln» in British Columbia, Dr.
Maguire, M. P. P., for Vancouver,
will endeavor to show that enormous profits aro made by the mine
owners of whom Lieutenant Gov*
ernor Dunsmuir is the chief, whilo
vory largo profits are also made
by    the   vendors who have long
H« •".,•-*"..*      •        "'■-.        «■"••'"■      '- -   -        *     '■
en industries  out  of British Col*
St. Paul, Minn., Feb. 14.—The
railway lines in the east have become so jealous of the welfare of
their own territory that they will
no longer sell' homeseekers tickets
to the northwest. They, have notified the western lines that they
will not handle such tickets, on
the ground, it is said, that the
tariffs are too complicated. It is
asserted that the eastern lines,
however, are using this as an excuse to discourage emigration
from their territory. Although
the officials of eastern lines are
eager to get the earnings that accrue from the hauling of passengers, they have decided that they
gain more in the end by keeping
Peggie at home, This is particularly true of farmers, from each of
whom tho railroads get an annual
revenue of *?25, it Is estimated, in
hauling their products to market
and carrying goods to thorn.
I umbta . by high   prices    (or fuel.
u,<n ««.« _ i.r-_ f-_„*" # ---.j WMlo they are said to pay $4.60
will open a large tract of good i a ton for the priee nomlnall/paid
. 1 • u m found that district, | at the pits mouth of the Vaneou-
which will shortly be placed   on   ver Island  mines   for a ton       of
2240 pound* th(*v retell tt nt %i -
6t» ior a ton' ol JJ000 pounds,
98.40 for the 2240 pounds or
nearly double what they are said
to pay for it,
will e^
iruit land
which will
the market
You will pay Just as much for a
bottle of Chamberlain's Cough
Remedy as for any of tho other
cough medicines, but you save
money in buying it. The saving
is in what you get, not what you
pay. The sure*to-cure-you quality
is in every bottle of this remedy,
and you get good results when
you take it. Neglectod colds
often develop serious conditions,
and when you buy a cough medi*
cine you want to be sure you are
getting* one that will cure your
cold. Chamberlain's Cough Re*
m«dy always cures. Price 25 and
50 cents a bottle. For sale by all
Druggists. *
AVE you the money saving habit, or are you content to:,pay. the long charge
price?    In addition to our low cash prices, a coupon equal to a further five
per cent, discount" is "given, with each fifty cent purchase.  A trial will convince;
you that we can save you money.     Are you interested?
New Bprtoff goods arc arriving: daily.   Examine our showing tor the meat uptodate range in town.
W.G&R,Regatta and Negligee Shirts.    New spring designs,    $1.25 to $-.25.
H B K Brand Working Shirts in BlacK Serges, Sateens, Flannels and Ducks.   Extra well made and full
.    size fltting..   $1.00 to $2.00.    , .
Fancy light stripe, collar attached, good quality material and well finished;    Regular $1.00
Spocial   70©
Trunks     Travelling Bags      Valises     Telescopes
prices that cannot  be' duplicated. '*
New spring arrivals in Fancy Worsteds,' Cheviots, and-Tweeds
'in-Plaids and Mixtures;   also ; Serges in  Blacks and Blues.'
• Our models have been most carefully designed so that any man
can be fitted to.perfection..   ' ";
Consistent with the quality our prices are the most reasonable
and our clothing, superior to any—except that made by the
highest priced custom tailors. ' .   ,
-1 * ■* <
Cai*hara_t   Union   Made  Overall for Men
King of the Road Union Mads Overall for Men
MOJA COFFEE, is a particular blend,
put up for particular people of the finest,
old government Java and Mocha coffees
procurable.-   For delicacy., of flavor to
_.. .*i I-.	
.,„, h W l-a »n £t r. <-»«£\.> r
I -. 1—-.
cannot be excelled.    Usually .sold ,at 50c,
and 60c per lb.
Our price 40c per lb.
Quaker canned goods are better than the
rest. Delicious in flavor and put up in a
factory where purity and cleanliness is
paramount. Quaker canned vegetables
and preserved fruits will cost you no
more than lower gtade goods., Why not
have the best.
For breakfast'that is so appetizing as to make vbit
S'-J.s?vJ?r  ■SPre;."w~'tn8  SUNLIGHT   PREMIUM'
blvAND.   We slice this to your order.   '   '        '""'""
Equally good for breakfast, lunch or dinner-quality*
ahvays pleases because we handle only Diamond C
Sugar Cured Hams nnd Griffin Brand Sugar Cured.
Hams, sliced to your order.
Saturday Grocery Specials
Fine Table and Cooking Apples.per box    $1.85
Sweet Kedland Oranges per doz :,„.... 25o
Sunlight & Lifebuoy Soap, ti bars  25o
, The mother who, in her gratitude for what Baby's Own Tablets
have done for her child, said that
"There's a smile in "every does"
coined a very happy and very true
phrase. The tablets cure all the
minor ailments of babies and
smiling, happy little ones. Mrs,
young children, and make bright,
John Young, Auburn, Ont,, says:
"I havo used Baby's Own Tablets
for more than a year and I think
they are the best medicino that
can be given a baby, They are
splondid at teething time, and for
stomach nnd bowel troublos, You
don't need a doctor if you hoop
Baby's Own Tablets in tho houso."
That's about tho highest praise
a mother can give and it's truo,
ovory word of it, You can got tho
Tablets from any medicino dealer
or by mail at 25 cents a box from
the Dr, Williams' Medicine Co.,
Brockville, Ont.
Cigars, Tobacco,
Cigarettes & Pipes
Thoro la only ono placo in town
wheroyou can set good reliable
goods in oar lino that ii at
W. A. INGRAM. i»noi».
PhonrOI, , -    -    Fkhnie. P. C
Say ! Why not have your plumbing
done now before? the big rush. We
have the largest staff of experienced
plumbers, steam fitters and tinsmiths
in the city.    Prompt and efficie'nt.
A. T. Hamilton'- Proprietor
Telephone  1 Next King Edward Hotel
*W 4 A
_?  -1 A rL
t.MW k'.'.l'.UR!1..*;
A re iirrp.iM'ii \n en\ar 1ft Iu'Dm'
li.mlc.iHK well ft* gcritlciiicoV.
I ..-tiltr"*'hnir nml fur oi trrntcd
any day »>ist Smiiu1.iv.
Winnipeg, Feb, 13.—It was
learned today that banks have de*
clvr.ed to advance inouey to Uie
city for current expenditures for
l\! t,h>* present year,   The amount re
^   quired i« $3,250,000, which includ-
es the overdraft at the ?»—"•   of
] Comment,     In view of ti.t 4u.>
sion, the    city will plae* IU da*
^^^-t^^m^*^****^^1**"1™**    on tb<   market at an
(t^^i^Wm^W^^l^S&SXSA t* tly date.
The long lool-ed-for has como at Init. The 1-Vruio Rtoam
T.nunilry has n|ierc*l for huilnpitN with the b«Rt innchlncry in
the in«vk?t nml iliu moRt impiovcd jticthoilp, f nititpiry nnd
VHiicliii-Kij-.v uora gtiMramveil.  A trisl ■»*.i'i. t-t»nvnit-» \t»u.
A1I   White   Help Employed
miiNti rs voun nuns
to m*: washed in oru srns
All work called for nnd dcllvcied free ol dini£«
We are there
Skates,   Hookey   8tlokof  Eio.
Without   using any   slang phrases,
Pcrnie Steam Laundry
Tel. No. 135 Victoria Ave
we   mean   what   we
there"   with   all   the
l**M        ,»
"We arc
We carry the largest assortment of
these goods in the district and for
quality  nnd price  defy competition.
Wtaimsiei* & Co.
'. ^_*Mra^fc***B..,.^j^,»>4.rec-'-J*~*'"'**.
     "*•—*  •*"•-*■» *^-*-_--■--


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