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The District Ledger Feb 1, 1908

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-, The Official   Organ   of  District   No.   18,   U. M. W.'ofA.
Fernie, B. C, February i, 1908
^ 7-1908    *X
a Year
Men all Returned to Work-Satisfactory Arrange-
merits Made-Both Sides Agreeable
' The cause of the stoppage of
.work at Cool Creek is that the
management has been forcing a
new system of timbering at No. 2
No. 5, and No. 9 mines thereby
taking away the right of the miner to protect' himself, and make
himself safe.
- The, old system of timbering being that a man could put timber
^ where and when he thought prober.
The new system enforced by the
management being that the miners before putting timber in had to
wait' to get instructions from fire
- bosses. ' In the minds of the men
this custom being- against the B.
C. Mining Act. " They offered to
"continue work under tne old-system of timbering until thelOth of
February when the joint Board of
this District and Operators' Association sat to discuss all grievances.   '       ,    "-        '    ',        ...   ,   ,'',.'  .
.The General Superintendent being -away- the general manager
.would not commit himself in any
way whatever, , as to' the 'suggestion-, given to him by. the miners,
. therefore they, had to wait till the
general.^superintendent , arrived before we could get a proper under-
, [standing;. T-.O ."■-     „'.'■  •'■  j ''
\ ..The Local'committee accompan
ied by. the^Dis. Sec. met the man
agement on Thursday evening and
came to an amicable settlement,
which reads:
That in the matter of timbering
at the Coal Creek mines, it was
agreed that each miner has to
timber to keep himself safe and
put timber as he thinks fit as the
local conditions  require.
But in case conditions warrant
that timbers are not required,
timbers are not to be used to an
excessive amount.
„  If  in  the  latter
- .The following agreement being
satisfactory to the men and . the
management the men are'return*
ing ~to work on the first of the
month; ■ .   l     .
The Spokane International Railway company is' now,, carrying-
mail to Fernie B. C, and all Canada1 east and west of Curzon Junction.' 'Trains carrying, this ,mail-
will leave Spokane about 7 a. m;
i and reach Fernie at 6.30 p. m. on
are. put, up, the management re- j the, same day. This is a gain of
serve that right to decline to pay I 18 hours, over the time made by,
for same, in which case the miner   the  Previous   service.' ■   A  second
consignment of mail will be taken
' case   timbers '
putting up the same may refer the
matter for settlement as provided
for by the agreement of May 4th,
1907, entitled, "Settlement of
Local  and General Dispute."
Signed  on behalf of the ^Crow's
Nest Pass Coal Co.
J.    D. ' Hurd, Gen. Mgr.
Chas. Simister, Gen Supt.
&.   Strachan,   Superintendent
On  behalf .of -Gladstone  Local,
2314.      y-':"     '..._''-
J.' A.  Macdonald,  Dist. ,Sec.
, ■ J.,  I... ..P.ucikey, .toeal', Pres.
'i.   Briggs,  Local* Sec.'
. '_,        ; COMMITTEE..
\W..H; Evans, Robert Draper,. J..
Lancaster^ John   Wilde,' " William
Dickenson;1  Joseph - Shooter.
by,Great Northern, ,No. 4 at 10.55
p. m., reaching Fernie at 12.40 p.
m. next day. This will make
two mails daily to Fernie and intermediate offices.
: Another change in the service is
the run on the Washington. Water'
Power.electric line.to Cheney.
The.proposition of sending mail
to Spring .'Valley on the Spokane
&' Inland is -being investigated
and may be recommended by H.-A
El-well; - chief railway .postal""' clerk
of " Spokane. office.—Spokane
Tools and Took Twelve
Hours Rest-Peace Restored
and Work Goes on
. The carpenters employed on, the
new.rink went on,strike on Tuesday. '. The reason of the strike was
the fact'that the contractors were
wanting to reduce their! wages
but the Union would aot stand
for that' and .the.'men"-'packed their
tools; and inarched down- as far
as-our' office  to acquaint, us with
the news..-   '   ;
■ -On Thursday morning a- settlement having been'Settled they-returned'to'work,'and" but for the
loss • of"'-tiiie0 were no worse off.
This everlasting bluffing does not
go .very far -with Union men.
On Monday evening the Band
gave a y|ry enjoyable dance in
CarosellaTs'' "Hall.' 'The Band' Orchestra , reidered 'the'ir."usual sweet
music:"-::/T:"   * '*""'   "'"•.'' ""■ / ' "■
We have'just-placed, a large order -witb. Miller & Richards of.
Winnipeg for a. up-to-date outfit of
face.        , f.
m CM shirts■": -
Three Chinese laundries in" old-
town are,.burning,.as we go to
press.. The- buildings will be totally-destroyed.   A considerable, loss
 **.«..'*.   •.      _. . _;_»-._! T-)
that    crackers 'in celebiution •
Now. ..Year's 'day ■ was-the caiise.
-   '       -o ■
\A7HY not buy a: ten or twenty acre fruit farm which will yield you
* V, /froth $360.60 to $600.00 profit per.acre per year?. Situated in the
ID© W3E3_Ei     AEEcDW     J^JS^Ei
district with a hipst delightful climate and splentdid,shippirig facilities.\ /';
We pay purchaser's expenses to look'over our land.   - It-Stands
inspection. ■'•'.V. ?;?'; i •
,;    ;....,    .., . ' . '      •   •       _   ..-■        }^Vi': ' •';- '    1   •    ■•■.>:■
Crow's  Nest   Pais  Investment   Co.,   Ltd.
Leth bfld*«,
•i,  1
our cmrtc again says
»  , - , -*.   ,,f ."-*^'*-* 1',.,i-
'THAT it ia a*«r.y tit-4 «• were
&6*bM *• -fyauuMtam l*w. trhtrt
our young pMpl* could «pa_>d
dMtir wwRH^iid aot lum ,t«.
reiy o»tm*liotS* for tkjU'plea-
muto. <
, iU.-urn\*■>■'■,$ yuuteh-i;
TIIAT th- a«w post ofloi ihould
be nuhfcd   to ' eompItCipn, as the
preiont one is emtiteh' too email
.and the-steJtv*r» 4$rf,mvioh haad*
M7o_pped 1^ ih* 'tni»1l"epK» and
eonditiotij that have to do with
«,t present.
• •  •
THAT he would euegeet a little
athti or eaad be eprlnVled at the
door leading from the,Poit office
aa it is unsafe at present, on ao<
count of the ice.
»  »   •
THAT he would like to lee the
police move the loafers from the
post office once or twiee, They
would stay away then,
• •   •
THAT     th*    tflephonr.    «y«t*."i
seems to have   gone to the'dogs
.*U.y, and it «houid be Utd up.
' The delay in getting an answer to
a call is something fierce.
• •   •
THAT livery proprietor*, should
**f*t 01<*\" (*f-ni»*V***i ♦v,m \c ?sir;
horses, as their reckless driving
it very-dangerohs to the tltiuwi.
THAT tho brother "Corkltes"
bhould extend , a little sympathy
these eold days and not make
man ''produce" in the cold,
• •   «
THAT h#> in going to InrrM**
that reward for that lost paper to
950 soon. "Am X still talking.''
• •   •
THAT there is rumor of still
another paper, but he Is no used
to rumors now he pays v«ry little
attention to them,,
THAT the noises emlnating from
some of our hotels on Sunday evenings should be lessened. Xt hard*
ly sounds-right on Sunday evenings? and, could" easily he stopped.
%     '-•    - „■-    -• ,e » *        •■-..'•,•'■
THAT he wishes some of-  .our
that it is the duty of a newspap*
•r to criticise Anything that- is
amiin.i That ia if it expeots to be
.»;live papery, 1 v-'ri,-i .<-.-.
THAT the .crowd that turns out
for . a horse",, race make the city
look more ' like Vancouver or—
Well Chicago, Cranbrook or any
of,the large cities.
* - *   *
. THAT the travelling photo art.
1st that forces his way into houses
and tries to obtain pictures to
enlarge in spite of protnta from
the ladies of the home should be
fiven a lessen. They would not
e it if the male member of the
family was home, Thorn is one
of these specimens doing the
rounds of the city at present.
* •   »
THAT he has been asked by the
Are Chief to call attention to the
»«w* •»»» .1 i» in>t jawiuI 10 start
k fir« innlrt* t.h<» Mty Umtt.n, unless
encased in some nre proof recept-
able, without his consent, A strict
adherence to this By-Law will in
sure safety.
* >   •
about  the Ledgter being anxious
regarding the rink does not seem
to have hurried the Job nny.
1   ■  O—'
Mr. McMaster, left for Glasgow
on Thursday evening,
Albert Mtitr wa« in Cranbroole
on Tuesday on business,
Mrs' Tom Uerk left on Friday
evening on a   trip to Pineher.
Mr. and Mrs. Xt. Moon are, vis*
iting in Spokane this wiek.
Ernest Parker, made a flying vis*
it to Cranbrook on Thursday.
J. X.aur*n«on from Michel paid
us a visit on Friday afternoon.
''New York, Jan. 31.-The Orient*
al Bank of which a run of depost*
tors started yesterday, did .'not
dpen tor business-today.
>■> 1
T._5»V Michel; Burns',. Club held
' ^first - Aanual,.Ceiet)ration   of
 lar Anniveraary.-in tliethall on
vyxW«jr3WthrJea.- which is -. admit*
ted: by overyhody. who' was present
to-be the- greatest"*,,event q"f;,its
kind' ever held- in Michel or. , even
the. Crow's Nest.- A Hash light
picture ' was. taken by Mr., Ham*
mond of Spalding &,Hammond,
Fernie of. 140,persons who sat
down to supper which wo-s provided by Mr. Wyllie. The toast was
given by Mr. Birrell when everybody present got' upon their 'feet
and drank to the Immortal Memory of Bobbie Burns. Sapper was
followed by a concert, all of the
following artists contributing to
the programme with griat credit.
Mr.,McLeod,. Mr. Claph_.ta, Mr..
Hutton, Mr. Bryan, Mri Jiid Mrs.
Almond,' Mr. Drylieiiid several
others. The concert wis followed
by a dance. ,;- ,
The dance programme was of a
mixed-nature of Scotch and Can*
adian dances and so_'|.,: The step
dancing by Mr. Bennit vas highly
appreciated,, also the Scotch
Strathopey, and Xleil and the
Highland Sehottische by the Auld
Country' people. Dancing was
carried .on until S t'.m., when
everybody seemed to hi, satisfled.
The committee wish.to, thank all
"those who helped them to make
•the first Annual Celebration of
Burns' Anniversary in Michel a
great, success.     , 1    , ,
• Montreal,, Jan. 31.—Vire - this
morning gutted the oil warehouse
of. Js-: P. Dodds -«fc Co., and other
buUdings adjoining. Loss will be
•  •  •
Mr. Bert Wood has bought Mr.
J. J. Young's interrest in the Cal*
Sary Herald.    It is said that the
outhams havo Joined Mr. Wood
in the proprietorship.   -
» • *
The Crow's Nest Pais Coal Com*
paay intends to erect a niw tipple
at Michel which will eoit f 200;000
and be 800 feet in length. This in*
timation was given to the press
by Mr. O. O. S, Llndmy, presi*
v««<.-..,,_- n r> t ot **. ..! dent °' thl» company. Mr, Lindsay
wSSS-     ._.B' A JanV «'T?ot I J» »»*k,n* * r»u-«- trip to Victor*
tH ' mlJi     » AR' TV1"?* iu   th* Uftited S1-^8 ln *•»• to be at
5m. «Si-Jwas burned to death ! th*> Ontario  town for the annual
5!^mb?i^                                               th« «»P«V on Feb.
children. '       y * '	
Macleod, Jan. 28,-W. F. Mullen
C.  F.  B.   operator     at   F'neher
** . *        .••,",       .,,
trninw to mi'nt fn «. Vicprl-nn et\\-
lision at Brocket on the night of
Bee. 82, 1007, by negligence when
on duty, w«* today committed for
trial at the nCxt sitting1 of the
supreme court of Alberta for man*
«!n*ir»btnr T1ii» *-.***>5'«*;I«,;.—" «•_•;
heard by Supt. "primrose "of the
It. M. W, M. P.
• • •
New York Jan 31.—To-day for a
second time the fate of Harry
X. Thaw, slaver of Stanford
White, paned into the hands of
a Jury, of his peers. The Jury re*
tired at 11.40 today nlt*r lisit#n-
ing to a charge from Justice
Dowling which seemed character*
iied by the tame judleisl fairness
Ottn'»rt,    .Tun,   SO Thi* dc-inrt-
ment of labor has received application from the proprl»tor of a
small eoal mine at Woodpecker,
Alta., employing about 100 men
for a board of conciliation inves*
M-stinn. n«r-nl*tr» Wllll«*i, T»..iin(>V
as representative!
'-—0 ' '    . ' —
L. F. Eckstein was at Cranbrook
on Wednesday on business.
0. G. S, Lindgey and A. Xlauer
left; Friday evening for Toronto
via the C. P. ».
Major Langdon, Auditor for the
C. N. P. C. Co., left lor Toronto
Friday, via Calgary.
R. Wallace of the Hotel Fernie,
and wife left for Maplt Creek Fri*
The big Stock-Taking Sale of
fVlen's   Furnishings
Still  in   full   Swing
Call in and Get Prices
..■.■< -
A    >*t.        ..     J    >■■
The   Trites-Wood   Co.,
and careful thought which both' day evening on avlslt,
side* have united in declaring J* ?- Low* went to Kelson on
have markwi hie suptrvisfon of Thureday on a trip U recuperate
the trial from the very outset.   - from his late illness.
On Friday evening, Jany. 24th,
beihg1' the eve of Burns anniversary a very successful concert waa
held in the church hall, Coal
Creek ia aid of the widow family
of the late Mr. J.' Shilton, who
died of fever in Ternie hospital a
few weeks ago. The large hall
was packed, a large number being
obliged \a, sta-ed. Mr. John Mc*
Chlnent.'t'i* ,.a characteristic and
Interesting speech, touched upon
some of the outstanding incidents
in the life of the Great Scottish
Bard, and said that it gave him
freat pleasure to call upon Bev.
/.Steenson, to take-the chair,. '
Mr. SteeBS.on, who was well-received then took the chair and in
a brief "speech said that Shape*
spe'are was the poet of tho age,
Shelley was the poet of Metaphors'
Byron was the poet of tho pas*
sions, Wordsworth was the poet
boast of her Tennyson, Ireland, of
her Thomas Moore, America 'of
poet of the heart, England might
of nature, but that Burns was the
her Longfellow, but Burns struck
ii note mightier than them all.
The programme, which was of a
highly interesting nature was then
entered upon, tho so taking part
including:— Miss Bessie McChin*
ent, Miss O'Brien, Mrs, Booth, Mr
Sanson, Mr, Nicholson, Mr, W.
Puckey, Mr. McNab, Mr. Nesbit,
Messrs S. and F. Sarp and others
with selections on tne oagptpeo by
IJj-. T-M'tri'. J. vote of t-oxlro
to the artists was ably proposed
by Mr, John McChinents, seconded
by Mr. W. M. Fegon and carried
by acclamation.
The large hall was then trans-
lomifrd into a bat-xooai -nu
dancing was indulged in until
alter midnight, the SStb being ushered in to the time-honoured
strains of Auld Lang Syne.
The total proceeds from the
concert amounted to S97.25 and
dome friends kindly made amounts
to the even $100. The committee
in charge wish to tender their
very best thanks to the kind
friends who figured on the pro*
gramme, to the management of
the club, for giving their flno hall
free of charge for the evening,
and also to the residents of Coal
Creek for their generous support.
Xt is reported that Spokane men,
have bought 440 acres of coal
land at Taber, Alta., on tho Canadian Pacific for a consideration
of |75,O0O. A company under tha
name of. Scanton Coal Mina company with a - capital' stock of
$135,000 has been organiaed to
develop, the property,,,It ia stated that it is the intention of the
company to put, the product of
the mine on the Spokane' majrket^
While enjoying a sound well
earned sleep the other night, Tom,
Biggs'and family were aroused by
hearing; - some one prowlfcag
around their verandah. Listening Intently they were amated to
hear more than one pair of. feet,
and the number increased till it
seemed that a whole band of burglars from the neighborhood of
the railway had struck tho first
house on their way up town and
were determined to foot it for
plunder. Mr. Biggs got up and
wan just reaching for his gun
when the strains of a hymn- burst
on his ears, and it then turned
out that the bold midnight
niauraders were the members of
the rlifrjj- who win- L«vj„£ a little fun and outdoor practice to exercise their lungs. „
There will be n thaw in Pernio
within  the next iew days.
J. S. Carter, City passenger
agent of the 0. P. 11. at Spokane
passed through Fernie on Friday
on his way to Winnipeg.
A small derailment of three
freight cara occurred in tha C. P.
B. yards on Friday morning which
caused an obstruction for    some
hours.    No damage vu done.
Miss WinfUld, who has been
with tbo Trites Wood Co., the
past week as Instructor in demonstrating the use of P. D. Corsets
left for Calgary on Friday,
?V.-. DXSTttlCT LEDOKX, VX-UslX.     B. C, FKBSUA&T, 1st,   1008.
: *&&}$
A Provincial Remedy
-To  the Editor:—-There is -within
the powers of the provincial legis-
° lature a feasible practical solution
of the   Oriental   labor problem—a
remedy that    will effectively deal
with practically any desired .part
or the whole of the 25,000 Asiatic
laborers within out gates by slowly or quickly, as we may- choose,
letting  them  out  of employment,
^whereupon they will go, away and
jthere :: will be   no inducement for
:their compatriots ,to come to this
province.     Before explaining   this
remedy, I think the average citizen    should     have a more correct
idea    of what    the Bowser Natal
Bill,   even if passed and not  disallowed, would accomplish.        Its
. power   is  ' often grossly misrepre-
. sented by political leaders—and I
must believe in' some cases knowingly so.     As it is the only local
remedy so far propounded by anyone, the public should clearly un-"
derstand its unquestionable limitations.     The bill itself recites section   95 of     the B. N. Act, under
which    alone     the province     has
power  to  deal with immigration.
The applicable words of that provision  are:        "In   each province
the legislature may make laws in
relation to immigration into    the
.province, and it is hereby declared
.that    the. parliament    of Canada
jmay from time to time-make laws
-   in  relation   to   immigiration  into
all  or any  of the provinces;  and
any   lftw qi    the legislature - of a
(province relative  t§   immigration
'.shall   have effect   in.and for the
'province as long and as far only
as it is hot repugnant to any act
 ioi ^the__narliamentj^of_Canada_.il.
"" '.These words are absolutely 0ea?»
Four Sessions Held and Good
Papers are Read
The province has injurisdietion until and except so "far" as Canada
has enacted repugnant legislation.
Mr. McPhillips, honest arid fearless
declares the present Natal Bill is
not worth the paper it is written
upon;     He is sincere, but,-I-   believe,   wrong.      Hon.   Mr.  Bowser
(last'-summer     when tho Japanese
were* coming 'in thousands shouted
"Let*;,thc' Governor-General assent
,to the Bowser Bill of 1907     that
■ Governor^ Dunsmuir reserved    and
'the Jap influx will be stopped."
'Mri Bowser was positively wrong
and either knew   it or was absolutely    ignorant of his own bill.
The great mass of our people do
not yet know whether Mr. Bowser
or  others like myself,  who  differ
from     both, is    or are   right or
wrong in    this    matter.,     I   will
briefly explain the matter so that
any one who vends this "will   understand what is settled fact and
al .acts regarding agriculture, and
an  agricultural  department,  that
it, has. covered all the ground and
that-any act of this province   on
the subject, including,' our having
a    department    and    minister   of
agriculture,    is    "repugnant"    to
the.-. Dominion   acts  and  therefore
ultra vires? I think not, and I be-4
lieve the same can be said of im-
mijration, _ This doubt, should be
settled.'"'' The' legislature and the
government can and should settle |
it    immediately.   The delay      for
years   and   years    in settling .our
rights on so supremely important
a subject and the slovenly,  offensive, ludiero'usly crude and unimproved wording of the bill as it is
successively      introduced     session
after session shows only too well
that its sponsors make,-no  study
of the subject, and mayhap      are
using it more   ■ for political bluff
and to'hoodwink the'labor classes than from.' any deep desire ., to
see the" province have' effective exclusion laws.     For instance,     the
test  for  right  to   enter this  province provided by section. 4 oi. the
Bowser bill     will' prevent Canadians  of British blood ,from  other
provinces who cannot read      and
write English orja European language  from  entering this province
even to visit relatives, unless they
first get  a  permit from  the provincial      secretary, - and-1 this .test
will apply* to similar blood, from
Britain or the United States.      I
Can conceive    its  drastic application to citizens of the latter coun-
try threatening the peace and welfare of Canada and the Empire.
a jrionstrocity on such, g?punds be
so great a surprise?   The naming
of   English and European languages as tests in section 4 is needlessly   offensive  to   the  Japanese,
a   highly   intelligent    and proud
people.     '   In the Australian Act
the test is a language to be prescribed '  by, - regulations—a more
courteous way..-.r- ■;''     ;-,''.
<   Let the House appoint a special
committee to examine the various
Natal Acts in force    and the Dominion Immigration laws and then
draft and.present to 0the House a
Natal bill embodying every right
not     unquestionably taken away
from    us by Dominion enactment
and let it embody the best   provisions of the Natal Acts examined.      Let this be rushed through
the House, sent up for assent   to
the    Lieut.-Governor    long before
prorogation,    and' if assent .is refused the Houso as one man can
Sunday ■> School workers from
Michel to Elko have,been holding
a convention this week in the
Baptist church of Fernie. Four
sessions were held and splendid
papers .and addresses were given
ih the : best methods of Sunday
School work. It was decided by
the delegates present to ■ organize
the district into a regular association auxiliary to the Provincial Convention which in turn, is
auxiliary to the International Association , , „   '   ■
Mr. Stuart \ivlttirhead .the General Secretary, for Saskatchewan,
Alta.,.and B. C*., was present, and
gave instructive addresses on the
organized . Sunday School work
and imparted much useful information on the best and up-to-
date methods of Sunday School
work. At the close of the convention, Rev. H. Grant moved a resolution of .appreciation of Mr.
Muirhead's services. On Wednesday afternoon the teachers of
Fernie entertained the delegates to
tea in the church and a happy
social hour was enjoyed.
The officers oi the local Association  are: ■ "   l   '       	
President,  Mr.  W.  F.lMuirhead',
Fernie^   ■'
Vice-President,   Mrs.   fodhunter,
Elko.    ,    'b     ' j   ■■
Secretary-treasurer,   Mr.   Weath-
erilt," Fernie.0 j
Executive Committee.        °
Mrs. Willis, Coal Creek.
Rev.  R.  S.   Wilkinson,! Fernie.
Mrs.  Rogers, Hosmer. |
- Mr. R. Wilson, Fernie.j
Mr. Mason, Michel.
SICK!- '-N
When mother's sick, the,house is
all '   "    ;'r.     '
So strangely hushed in room and
But mother never will admit
She's suffering acsingle bit!    -
She won't-let people do'a thing—
There's    nothing'    any      one  can
She just lies there, and tries   to
fix '
Herself by cunning little tricks!
And     as for   doctor—why,      the
word ,    " '
She scouts as being most absurd
And when he '', comes he has     to
W. J. WriglesworthAD. D.S.
-D-ajSTTIS _?
Ormcs Houbsi- ,     8 Wto 12 a. m. 1 to 5 p. m
;     " ^  6.S0 to 8 v.m, •   '
Office in A'ex. t c.'g Block
over Slinn'. Bakery,
-        B. 0
Insurance and. Customs Broker
■ ■> ,, - -. ~
Crow's   Nest' Trading   Co.   Block,
Fernie^ B. C.
fltiXerr & Co.
Contractors and Builders-
n      Pls-u, Specifications aid Eflti-
- mates furnished on application,'
. Plenty  of.. GOOD, DRY - LTJM-r
it. JL KERB,
Arcfiitect     a-d Superintendent    I
Office at iMideacc,
At symptoms that she won't confess:
And then he's apt to frown and
.'You should have had me right
1 away
I'll come again this evening'-—for
It's bed, you see, a week or,more!
When father's sick—I tell you now,
You - ought to , hear  the, dreadful
The     talk   of Jdying,'  and   • the
'»• groams! -    ; - •    ,
The orders in,convulsive tones';"
The hasty running to and fro;
To  rearrange the pillow—so;
To  fix hot-water'bag  and shade;
For mustard' plaster, lemonade!
Appeals to get the doctor, quick—
And    'can't     you   see  I'm. awful
.v    sick?'
And   then     the   'doctor    sits and
hears ,        . "'  ■
While father grunts his pains and
He leaves some drops,' and tell \is:
Hum!   '  ,
Unless  I'm .needed I  shan't come
Again. I think,.he'll do all right:'
And    father's   up,  perhaps,      by
Edwin L. Sabin, in,, the Century.
LP.   Eckstein
Barrister-at-Law, » Solicitor ,-
Koozng 1 & 8, Henderson block. Fernie, B. C.
J. Barber- l.d.s., d.d.s.,
Lr\T. W.; Block,   opposite, the -Bank
Office hours—8a.m. to 8pro.   .
SAVE.—.MONEY "pv ;   TvnvTWf.
Ibis Took k; Necessary for Their Proper De-
Latoe & Fisher
Crow's   Nest    Trading   Co.    Block,
Fernie,  B. C.
Plans  and* Estimates on Application
..    •    n '■ "   .• ■    - ■
Residence "*/6 Howland Ave.
°    J. Wilson Gray, Architect-
Fernie B. C. .    ,/,"'.
meets in McDougall's Hall every
alternate Thursday at 8 p.m.
A. Wvkes, Pre3.        Wm. I),, Schofield, Sco.
W. It, Bobs. K. C. J. S. T. Albxandkb
Ross & Alexander
Office In L. T. T7. Block, Victor!*. Avenue.
You wiii pay just as much for
a bottle of Chamberlain's Cough
Remedy its for any Of the other
cough medicines, but you save
money in buying it. The saving is
in what you get, not what you
pay-. The sure-to-cure you quality is ih every bottle of' this re«
medy,-and you get good results
when you take it. - Neglected
colds often develop serious conditions, ^nd when you buy a
cough - medicine you want to ■ be
sure you are getting one that will
cure your cold. Chamberlain's
Cough Remedy always cures. Price
25 and,50 cents a bottle. For
sale by all druggists. •       "   l
Zam Buk Arrests Blood Poison
.Neglect1 a cut or a.scratch and
it may turn to blood poisoning.
..—    -• . =jt 1!1-«UA -1-^ A A1—A _—
flirr^iosepu—juiuiu*jr«e—ui—*»  •»•»
tillerie.Street,;Quebec,, might have
lost his hand,and arm1 but for the
timely use of Zam-Buk. He says
"W. A...C0NNELL.
Builder and Contractor -
Estimates cheerfully given andoworfc
promptly executed to tho satis-   .
, faction of our customers.
what    is   in    doubt,  and cannot j deal with such ^refusal.     If assent
longer bo fooled by'mere blatancy, Jed'to lot the government refer it
Section 3 of Xtowsor's Natal   Bill
declares "This act shall not    apply to (f) any person tho terms of
-.whoso    entry     into Canada havo
been fixed or whose exclusion; from
Canada has beon ordered by any
act of tho parliament of Canada,"
./.Some .such decision was hecei*
;_&ry, to prevent the .bill belli*' ul*
tra Tires-- i.. e., beyond ".the pow*
•xs.of thelegislature under eection
05 of the E(. N, Act.    At the time
Mr. Bowser made, the declaration
IkWl laid he WMlwVQqiv' Can*
(^da-lid pa.ud th.'a'ot bri^l.;
Canada within the terms of Brit*
ain's    treaty  with  Japan,   and
ftli-refore 'there, watW.vt 'of Can.
.^lida.J^hB; the. terms of entry: of
Japanese   persons tinto   Canada,
and Mr. Bowser's own bill deelar*
•jed that to sueh persona his bill
; doee    not     apply.     Mr, Bowser
owes an apology to the labor pee*
pie of the province, and let   him
remember this:   No man, no mat*
ter what his ability, can for long
. retain tho confidence  of the peo*
,ple unless he is frank and sincere
in his public declarations to them.
Thf«  bill      wilt     nrtt   r.-«lvr»»  *v,f
Chinese    either,     been.un* Cfttindn.
has an act allowing their admin*
sion at fBOO per poll.     The next
point is, whether   Canada's general  immigration enactments     are
«iifflp1f.-M**  **>*r"i«   *r>   v*   ""- „ y
to the application of the Katal
Bill to persons other than the
. Chinese and Japanese, and there*
by nuUifyins; it entirely. I do not
think, so. Mr. McThillip-, and
1 believe some other lawyers in the
House do think so. The point is
in doubt, Section OS of the B.
M. Act applies precisely the same
words to "agriculture" as it does
to "immigration." Will any one
contend that because the parlia*
meat of Canada has pau*d sevtr*
to tho Full Supromo Court of the
provinco for tho determination of
the constitutional ■ validity of its
overy   'provision,   "^Tho Dominion
would be represented and tho judgment could bo appealed from   by
either party direct to the judicial
committee .of. the'Privy Council of
i Great Britain .and. before the next
'session1 a* final determination : :o(
our'; right!,\«rould' "ber'had.',-;"; The'
jdupreme,'.Ci'ourt ;Ac^",(sictibn', 11,
IB,'. 13,: U and 16) makes special
provision* '1foi'JuBt!su«h'tl6nstltu-
tiorial'eai4S ai this, and it ia time
this'prdTisloh V#r# Wde um of.
Awunjjnff, aa0X dp, that thedeel*,
sion would sbbwwe have lajwe
rights'outside of those now 'e'trir*
died by Dominion, acts' over ,1m*
migration. Canada' would hosi*
tat* to disallow again sueh un*
doubted rights and would probably feel compelled to pass a Natal
act applying to all classes not already provided for. Zn a further
letter I shall deal with the romedy
that X believo will do more for us
under present conditions than any
mero exclusion act whether pass*
»M !«.»• +Vk» *ir*i*'^T\<,« iv fftntidt* '.v*
to nhow thi« it wnn TmcoRRrtTy to
nhow how ineffective against tho
clever race already hero, and most
dangerous to labor interests    the
Natal bill if passed and allowed,
._,,.*.i    t...   . «...i(.i.   r....ii,.    »,.   ii.,
Victoria Times.
■  '   o- "——	
The Canadian Pacific and Spokane International have issuod a
new joint tariff showing class rates between Spokane and points on
the Canadian road in British Columbia. Alboi'ta and ,Saskatche>'
wan. The new tariff will become
effective February 25. - At present
business between Spokane and
points in \bese Canadian provinces'is handled by charging the sum
of the local rates.
"This tariff wili- give' 6pbkan^
shippers,the'same.,class rates.xto'
points in. this territory as - - • are
made for like, mileage between
points on the Canadian Pacific in
Oana-Ui'^sald A. H. flperry, as*.
>'fj#W_t' tWral frjight agent of
the Spokane International. "In
arrjyipg at the rates', we took the
Canadian Pacific vdistance'rates
'and applied them in the compilation of the "new tariff."
There   are     throughout Canada
thousands     and'   thousands'    of
voung   girls who are io a condition approaching a decline.     The
complexion is pale or sallow, appetite flcklei     A short walk,  . or
going    upstairs, '.. leaves - ,them,
breathless"' arid with   a violently
palpitating heart. Headaches and
dizziness often adds to their misery;   Doctors call this anaemia—
which, in common English, means
poor blood. There is just one sure
and certain cure for this trouble—
Dr.  Williams' Pink Pills.     These
pills make new, rich, red blood,
strengthen every nerve and bring
a   glow  of health to  pale faces.
Do not waste timo and money experimenting-with other medicines.
Do not delay treatment until you
aro in a hopeless decline. Get Dr.
Williams' Pink Pills at once and
see'how speedily they will restore,
your-health and strength. Here is
the proof.     Mrs. Joseph E.    Lepage,     St.   Jerome,    Que., says:
"My daughter    Emilia began   to
lose    her,,   health at the age   of
thirteen years. •  She cuffored from
hoadachos; and;'dizziness. Her 'appetite' was poor.     She was pale
and  apparently  bloodnoss.      She i
had no strength and could neither
study nor do any work.   Doctors'
medicine failed-to cure'her and   I
thought.she was going'into'rk  decline.     She was in this condition
for. Beveral months when a, neigh*
bori<,kdvisedi the use*;'of Dr. Will*
■ lain." Pink1 Pills j1 and X decided to
'_>i«-   lv.M'<U<_'*i»i-i. <t* •"-;__• v_*
"I cut
one' of
my fingers on a
piece  of tin and had   no
idea it would become so serious,
but in two days blood poison had
set in and my fingers became-ter-
riblly     discolored,  and, my hand
and arm swollen.     I was alarmed
and    began using . one   ointment
after     another- but hone' relieved,
me.   t   was about.to consult    a
doctor when a friend advised   me
to   try   J5am-Buk.     This I   did.
Zam-Buk began by drawing, out
tho inflammation and in one week
the'    wound     was nicely   healed.
Since then I have., had no healing
balm in the house but Zam-Buk.
I. feel so    grateful for my speedy
cure, that I unhesitatingly     give
my testimonial to tho merits   of
Zam-Buk cures Cuts, Burns,
Chapped Hands, Chaflngs, Cold
Sores, Itch, Chilblains, Eczema,
Running Sores, Sore Throat, Bad
Chest, Ringworm, Piles "(blind or
bleeding), Bad Legs, Inflamed
Patches,, Rheumatism, Neuralgia,
Sciatica, Abscesses and all diseased, injured and irritated conditions of the skin. Of all druggistB
and stores, 50c, or post paid up*
on' receipt of price, from Zam-
Euk Co., Toronto. 50c. a box,
6 boxes ?2.50.
For* quotations
on Hay & Oats
,__^-JV_r_ i teito.
Hembllrig   &/ Ruby
Special ratos to Contractors and
Lumbermen   ■
'rive them^'a'trlal-. 'If was' not
long, until'an improvement "was
noticed and the* continued use of
the pills .for.a month or more
.eptnpleUly! eured herfiandeh* has
.since enjoyed fUuiibeet'oflhealth.
t feel •uM.that Dr.'Williams' Pink
PiUs will cure any case of, .this
. Dr. Williams', Pink Pills will cure
,all troubles/,due to poor,) and
watery Mood;"such 1 as rheumatism, sciatica, indigestion, partial
paralysis, St. Vitus, . dance, and
the ailments that'make the lives
of so many women miserable.
Sold by all medicine dealers or
by mail at BO cents a box or six
boxes for *2,50 from The Dr.
Williams' Medicine . Co., Brock*
ville, Ont.
Successor to J. W. H. Terry .'
Employment and*
Real Estate Office
,v        (-.        ■ ■ ■,       .-' i .    v
,r '   ' , ..-*,*•
Will supply men for:
all. classes of work,
; .either by   the, day,. . -
week or month.
Areola, Satk., Jan. 30,—A
young French Canadian, ot Wau*
chope, has been summoned on a
charge of perjury, the offenco, it
is alleged, having been committed
in securing a llcenso by means of j
which ho was wedded to his own |    Th(,p„ <„ .  flfVfl(„^ „♦-♦.„ ^ „*.
niece. Both parties in the marri* | fftir8 down at Taylorton, between
f/'Qawaon,! Jan/2fl.—The greatest
herd of caribou ever reported in
'the Y«k6n is now moving sonth-
:waH^r^fl;tlwf Wd ioi1;!^.
MHe.iiver; .100'iniiea, west of Daw-
aoii.; The'herd hai bMri eroiafaif
there for nearly 100'days. 'Xt-is
estimated that 100,000 caribou
have eroe»ed'there'already;" Wo
end oi the mammoth procession, is
in- sight, (There may be,:flo0,000
or several times 'that number, in
the great moving herd.
Governmenti. explorers in the
Hudson' Bay barren lands, including Josepn B, Tyrrell, geologist,
reported from 1,000,000 to 8,000.*
000 seen there during a space of
; ten days only a few years ago.
The present herd is coming from
the head of tho Tanana valley.
Bushmen*  Lumbermen
■ *■ i
■t\i \>
•Womeni j'or; cleaning
washing or scrubbing.
Cos Street
~.,i li.i
Why not use Chamberlain's Pain
Balm when you have rheumatism?
We feeVaure that the result will be
prompt and satisfactory. One application relieves' the pain, and
many have been permanently etir*
ed by it* use. 25 and 60 cent
siree. For sale by all druggitt*.
age are 17 yearn ot age, li m re*
ported that the wedding was an
affair of honor, the young man
having wronged his nelce. It is
further reported that the Wau-
chope priest would not marry the
pair without a special dispensa*
tion from the archbishop. They
then went to Manor, where a
license was secured and the ceremony performed. The magistrate
at Carlyle sent the young man up
for trial, which will come off at
Areola in May. Hueh interest is
manifested in the outcome, which
will demonstrate if under, any <ir*
cumstanees a man may marry bis
own niece.
U\e miners and the owners oi tbo
Taylor mines.     A miners'  union
has been formed, embracing nearly all the miners employed by the
Hudnon's   Bay   and Souris  Coal
Co.     The former comnanv has no
objection to the workmen forming
a union and are said to have re*
cognised it,   On the other hand,
the Taylors have   dismissed     all
.*:ien of whom they know to have
joined the union.   An effort   was
made   to   keep the matter quiet,
but   Thfi   Ob*erver i.i    pl«a.t«d to
rive publicity to the state of affairs mentioned for the benefit of
the workmen. Considerable indignation is felt at the action of the
Souriii Coal Co. in trying to chokt
off their employee* from banding
together     for
Ettevan Observer.
. r <i.. « ,«i  •*«   -
mr-r'n pnpf-r in th* Mnritime Provinces in writing to us states:
"X would say that I do not
know of a medicine that has stood
the test of time like MIMAIID'S
T *>TT1»-r»%Tne T*    1. „ «.    *•*,•♦.      • -t     ei-*-
failing remedy in our household
ever since X can remember, and has
outlined doaens of would-be com*
petitors and imitators."
All useful things are produced
by labor but the laborers, a ma*
jority, allow the useless class, a
minority, to own and dictate the
distribution of the things when
made. How long are the producers going to be content with the
mutual benefit.—  share handed out to themf—Wla*
lo Consumptive
The undersigned having bean restored to health by simple meant,
aftor coffering tor atverat jesrs
with a seme Ions affootlon, and
that dread dlser.ee CONBUMPTIOH,
\u anTlons to make known io bin
fellow snfferers the means of core,
To those who doilre li, h« will
oheerfolly aend (free of charge) tt
oooy of th* prescription need. whleN
they wilt find a enre for OONSUUP*
C2!2T19 ft-f* s!S thr^'iT »T»fl tnriff
|giy.srtn-»- He hopes all eofferere
wUI try thin Bemedy, as it If .•▼*!«•
able. Tbeae dealrinf the preeotlp*
tion, which will t«et the sothlif,
•ad nay trwre ahleesdaf, wftl
pleae* addreea
fttY. ESWARB k.mtMOX,
Braokln, K. i.
nipes; Voice.
Try a Ledger Ad. ©XSOXICT 3^SB««mi *B_tSlS3. . B. C., ,F«_OtUiiaY, 1st,   ItOf;
Always the Same Rich Flavor
Lead Packets Only   mV„k8$X,&f&h!%\^    At all Grocers
Hie Eight Hour Law is Drafted
And is in the Hands of
Minister of Public
,   Edmonton,        January    ,    25.—
(Special,   ,,  to   the   Ledger.)—The
■ miners of the province of Alberta
have the, qualified promise of the
.province  that      they will   get  an
■eight.hour bank-to-bank law, patterned on the British law, at this
.session    of     the house,  and 'that
they will  get    a  workmen's  compensation  act>   also  patterned  on
the British law, ■ applicable to all
classes  of labor,  at'-this session.
Up to the,hour oi writing    the
"text   of "the"-'   laws have not been
given   out, ..but   it  is   understood,
here that except for^whut changes
are-made necessary in the   wording  to   make  them  applicable  to
,.the province of Alberta instead'of
to.    the.British Islands, they will
be " identically     the same.      The
Bight-hour-   law" has'heen. drafted
.and,,is' now , in^'the hands of the-
- minister'of - public, works,    Hon.i<
Cusbing. i  The workmen's compensation act has.not yet been drafted,  but the deputy attorney-general,   .who   is  the individual  who
manufactures and prepares for the
legislature all laws is working at
, it .will   be ready within the next
few days.   - It is'probable that the
text     of both   laws will be given
in the early part of next   week.
These are the only developments
of .consequence so far in the pro*,
codings j of;jthe ^legislature, ^ although there was a good deal of
talking done oh the subject in
connection with the debate on the
, speech from' the throne.
Pletcher,- Bredin, member for
Athabasca, was the member selected'by the government to move
the reply. The debate was opened on Monday night, after an ad*
journment since Friday, and still
going on, but there is nothing re*
maining to be said that will in
any way affect the case as the
pronouncement of the premier
covers the government's .position.-
and all that is left to be done is
to make the law,according to the
promises, Bredin represents a con*
etitueacy<in trwhicbi there are W
mines and consequently it was not
to be expected that-he would have
that it was up to the government
to establish on a working basis
one or more coal mines in' the
province and, to conduct, these as
a public utility, the purpose of
them be'ing.,to regulate prices and
wages . throughout the province;"
All- told, Robertson made a good
speech. Of course he saw the
whole coal situation more from
the farmer's point of view than
from the miners', but this is what
was to be expected in consideration of the fact that he conies
from a farmer constituency, and
as he claims, represents ' more
farmers than any other member in
the house.
.v In opening on the subject, he
congratulated the government in
having, decided to bring in legislation in the interests of labor,
The eight-hour-law, he said was
a good enactment and if it was
framed on lines which would 'protect the miner in the way that he
wanted to see him protected would
venient to,the bulk, of the population and. that these areas should
be .put on a working, basis," so
that whenever the price of coal
become exorbitant the government
could work the mines, or for the
matter of that, work them all the
time. Such, he considered' was
the only solution of the price problem, and at the same time, he
thought, such mines would have a
tendency to keep wages steady as
they would to a certain extent-establish the price for the province.
. Speaking, of the compensation
act, he adduced the argument that
the life of a full-fledged working
man, capable of doing, his share
of the country's work of production, was a valuable asset which
the country could not afford to
lose, and if the compensation act
had the effect of making the employers of labor more careful, it
would in that way, not, to mention any other, be a great bene-.,
fit. .        ' ■    "
Taking it all in all, Robertson's
speech' showed,,that the conservative party, what there is of it, is
not going to get in the way of the
legislation desired. He did not indulge in any Marxian flights or
tackle the great fundamental principle at all, but of'course it must i
be remembered in this connection
that Robertson is  a conservative,
Coat. —Coal mining rights msy bu leased for
a periud of twenty-one vours at an iiunual
rental of tl per acre. Not more tlmn 2,5*0
acres shall he leased to one individual or
company. A, royalty at the rate of live ccnta
per ton shall he collected on the merchantable
coal mined. <>
Quahtz.—A person eighteen , cart of age or
over, having discovered mineral in place, may
locate a claim l,5u0 x l,5y0 feot.
,- The"fee for recording a claim is (5.   .,-
'At least ilOOmastbe expended on the clr.fm
each year or paid to the minim; rcuorder in
lien thereof. When «500 ha. Keen expeodo't or
paid, tho locator may, upon having a sur'oy
male, tnd upon complying with other requirements, purch'ate the laud at il per acre.
The patent provides for the payment of a
royalty of 'A per cent on the sales.
Placer mining claims generally are 101 feet
sojiure; entry fee *5 renewable yearly,
An applicant may obtain two leases to
dredge lur' gold of five miles each lor a torm of
twenty years, renewable at the discretion of
the Minister of the Interior
The lessee shall have a dredge in operation
within one reason from the date of the lease
for each five miles. Rental »10 per annum for
each - mile of river leased. Royalty at the
rate of ij per cent collected on the output after it exceeds *10,0o0.
W. \V.Ctiur,
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N. B.— Unauthorized publication of this advertisement will nut be paid for.
Aug I-OT-0m
60  YEARS*
Trade Marks
Copyrights 4c.
,' Anrono lending a sketch and description ma;
quickly ascertain our opinion free whether an
IcTenuon is probably patentable. Commnnlca.
tlotumrictl*confidential. HANDBOOK on Patent*
lent free. Oldeat agency for securing■patens*,
Patent* taken through Mann * Co.recelra
ipeeiatflottoe, without charge, in the
A handsomely Illustrated weekly. Largest circulation of any sdentlflo Joemal. Terms for
Canada, fci.75 a year, portage prepaid, gold Dr
*J1 nowidealcrTJ. ■•-
If BU Wf-ologtbiu IX C,"'
of ' continuous talking—a long
time, by the way for Rutherford—
was taksn up with ■ general subjects stch as government's tele-
; phone policy,  the university, ■  the
• Following Robertson came Premier Rutherford, and he was the
first on the government side "to
have~ anything to say about the
all-absorbing topic. Oh the government-owned coal mines he sidestepped the.issue neatly by sayirig
get the unqualified support-,of the [.that their price or coal, while     it
and in all/probability he and Carl ifinaucial stringency, and such mat-
are perfect stransers. "   , Iters       which     were     -interesting'
opposition. His only regret'in this
matter was that it had not been
brought sooner. However, as it
was now to come before the house
he wanted to go on* record as being, in favor of it. ' The mining industry, he said, was only in
its infancy in this province and
the time,-, to "make the..regulations
that would govern.'the industry
was now, not after millions had
been  invested  and  thousands     of
had been- unduly high to the farmer last    winter, was -considerably
cheaper  this  year,-   and , by  citing'
j the fact  that any  settlor had the
^constitutional  right to  drive      to
„_ny coal  shaft    a:-.d demand  coal
at $1.75  a ton.  He said,, with regard    to    acquiring  coal areas in
the name'of. the province, "   that
that   ..matter  had- been, considered
by the  government   and> had not
by. any means ,been turned down.
workingmen had: become" engaged
in the industry. He-recognized
that a large industry had already
been established and that there
was already a large part of the
population "of the province engaged" in, the industry, but he re-
garded what had already been,
done as only a commencement,
and he wanted to see it guaranteed to every miner who came to
the province that he would not
have ;to work under worse conditions here that 'he could enjoy
in other provinces of the Dominion. He mentioned B, C. as being one of the provinces that had
been to the front in such legislation and he recommended that the
legislation in this province should
be patterned after that of the
Coast province,
much to say    about the matter..
His' speefo! dealt"''*with* the 'rf&eral'
"guff" about the vastpeWj-jjaad
prosperity of the province and the
goodness   of   the government, of
wWoh, hj»i Was a, h^hible i represent*
alive," and to forth, Just the usual, line* thai1' is heard on all - sueh
occasions in every legislature   in
the Bomlnibn, )Ui Iras followed by
Wolfe ot Cardstone,   alone; pretty
■ much the    same line. Wolfe men*
tioned the eight-hour law, and the
workmen's,compensation , act   as
desirable legislation, which -would
be brought in, but did not throw
any light on the subject.     Their
two speeches occupied all the time
of the legislature on Monday, and
it     was Tuesday afternoon when
Robertson, the leader of the conservative party, of which     there
are two members, (rot his chance
to reply.   Robertson certainly put
himself on record tn no unmistak.
able terms on the eight hour law
and he showed a surprising famil*
iarty with the whole question    of
workmen'" rirht*.
This was especially surprising
in view t of the fact that Robertson comes from a constituency in
which farming is considered the
paramount interest and. where it
is not necessary to'know or'say
anything about mining or com*
p»n«.*Hnt» act*) in order tn h» rioted. Furthermore, Robertson went
considerably farther by suggesting
Switching-to the matter-of. the.
administration of the coal mines
and the regulation act, he ribbed'
the government up pretty strenuously for what he considered their
delinquencies in this regard. He
said that as far as he had been-
able to learn the inspection in.
this provinces had not been bj
any means as thorough as it
should''be.' He' said that 'while
the government- was ' bringing in
an'eight-hour,law,' it should aiso.i
bring .in a whole lot ot amend*;
mjjnts T.to, the inspection regulations and to the sanitary re'gula*.
tfons.vIlV claimeldf-that' the' >■ inspectors should be required to vis'*
it-each'fiifne"' in-the-rprovince at-
least'on'ce4n ivery kli'WMkj.'and
that their reports'" should be pub*
Hshtd, He, also said that .the mere
inspection «of thV-i mine from a
point' of view i of physical danger
was not -by- any means enough' to
protect the coat miner'. He claimed
that it should be the duty of the
inspector to look into the sanitary arrangements and to see that
they were such that the lives and
health of the men were protected
of a sanitary way.
Speaking of the coal mining situation from the farmer'* point of
view, he said that in his constitu*
ency the cost of eoal to the home-
■* I' »-. i»V *•.--.,.,. i .      Ill t i
**»**-,»*     »•» •**#   «•**>   s**t »•>•*•_»   e*    btvee   «*«*U
hf vrt\Vi nntir.flrrt *tVint thnt. amount
nor anything like it ever went in
Further than that on'this subject, '
however, he did not go'. But he
did say that if there, # were
any > glaring inequalities in the
smatter of price; "and that if the
same were brought to the attention of the government that the
government would take action.
His suggestion,, of course, was
•that if there wa3 anything to
show that a combine existed that'
the government would do the
same as in the case of the' lumber
combine which they prosecuted
last summer.
On the eight-hour question, be
opened up, by referring to the com*
mission which was . sent out last
year to inquire into the whole
question as to hours, wages, sanitary conditions, etc., etc. The
history of this commission and
its findings of course your, readers
are familiar with, and.it does not
need repetition here, but Premier
Rutherford said that it was as a
result of the findings., of'this commission-that, an, eight hour law-
was being Introduced at this ses*
sion.-His speech on the matter
was,brief, but to the point.- He
said, in substance, that there had,
been.lengthy consideration!of the
matter in"> -the' 'governmenti and
there had been sonie1 question at
o^.timeaB, tojwtje'ther' it .should
be a^elght-hour*bank*to*baiik law.
The government' had deeided»"how*
ever, that the eigh't*hour*b*nk-to*
i. _-ti «-tiy""_ ''■'..   • ''■'    i.'-'--      >   '
enough in a general way, but not
by any' means matters'of paramount importance  to   the    '.'class
conscious',' miners.
This is how the case stands    in
! the legislature at the present time,
; and until the bills come in and go
| through their     several committee'
! stages,    it is     not probable that
j much more will be heard -    about
j them.   In  the  meantime   the  lobbyists" • appointed rby the United
]\Iineworkers  are camped  on   "the
' ground and working.    ' They have
| several amendments to   the Mines
I Regulation Act,  which  they want
i brought in,   and they are prospecting the ground,  so  to  speak,    to
| see where they should place them
to  get the best results.. So      far
■: -Yon want comfort and Mtlsactionj
of clean smooth ■ shaves every
,Tho Cartto Magnetic is the only,
razor r' UNCOKpiTiONALLY
OUARAfrrDED to give this.'
The secret Electric Tempering
positively merges every par*
ticle:'of carbon - (the life of'
steel)Jnto the metal—giving
diamond Mike hardness
throughout the blade—something absolutely impossible
with fire tempered steel used
In making all other razors.
But test this razor  in your
own honie—or have your barber
use it on you.    Secure one. 30
Phillip Carosella
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Sltoes
Gent's FaratsltiBgs
WINE   GO.  Ltd.
'< Wholesale Dealers-.and: Direct,.
Importers of
Sole .Agents iu Esist Kootenay for
Ifet L3-a__UBt-JJ-*-e
-j     ,
—W 4W1U»>=
of the miners who may be depended on to back, up anything that
is in the natuve of a move in the
right. direction . and curiously
enough .they ■ come from constituencies in which the mining vote is
not,a factor. One is Frank Walker, of Fort Saskatchewan, . who
has a constituency iu which
there is hot a miner working, and
the'other is John E. Boyle, who
represents Sturgeon,. North . of
Edmonton, a constituency , in
which there are some miners working and where there may. be more
iii the , future, but. as yet not
enough to.be a factor in.the election returns. Walker's predictions in the right direction are
due to the fact that he served an
apprenticeship in the lead mines in
the Slocan country and afterward served back of a thawer in
Dawson, where there was no eight
hour law and it was a case of
work   as   long   as' the anatomy
^ iTIIE  LADY'S  NEEDS nvn here in
; tlio way of Dm;*?, Mmlicine.-s, l'«rfi:iiM's,
■ Rowdersaml al) Toilet requisites. Every
sipply for tl.e drepsinj* tabic," bathroom
■ ot boudoir. ' Fancy Sorips and Sachets,
Cold Creams, Puff Uoxes, eti\ All kinds
of! Perfumery, Hair, Tooth and Nail
Brushes, Manicure Sets and Sponjrep.
most exacting- YWjjet our supplies in
fresh every week, ar.d purchase only
the best qualities „for all department?.
You will have no cauee to find fault
with our price*--.
Phone 12
H. P. McLean, Mgr.
All the leading lines of High
Class Chocolates and
would -  stand   it    or
Boyle's predelictions can only. be
explained on the understanding,
that he'wants to be right on gen-,
era! principUs. The probabilities
are that one or the other of these
two will'be asked to bring in the
amendments ' of< the Regulation'
Act, or if not them' it will b« the
southirn'members'^from some of
the,.districts where the miners
have the say as to whether a man
stay* in the house or. stayn at
home.,   .   .j ,:'.,    , .
,   ;■     0    i ' mi   .    ,
■■■■    XT LAST.
banlr^ law, was the. one;,that
wonted,'in this' province,and .that-
they hadigone -to' the mother country of-' Bueh'-legislation for their
model, the British Islands. The
law that would be introduced, he
said, was the same in every essential particular' at the ono in
force in Great Britain, the only
changes being made being such as
were necessary to make the law
apply to Alberta.
Regarding th. compensation act, |;At ™-JrS; WH Hayn.r,
the premier said that Alberta has ,fdftor o( the Burley, Colo., Bull'
ft- IE E
o all
those   purchasing
to   any   Ball' at,
Pat Miller's
is;,playing-,, can;, hear;, the
Music free of ',chargc
"For several winters past my
wife has been troubled with a
most persistent and disagreeable
cough, which invariably extended
over a period of several weeks
and   caused  her    many sleepless
a compensation act now, which
was a legacy from the old territorial legislation at RegJna, but
that this act had boon found unworkable,    as  litigation was too
etin. "Various remedies were tried
each year,  with no beneficial re-
tedioun and costly under it nnd it I hottl*-    of
did not usually have the desired I R«»»»dy
offect.     The idea which the prem*
to'thTpoVke't.'oTthe min who'dug ' ie,r Pr«*8blf.lntended to conve^
"  although    his   position precluded
his    saying it, was that the old i druggists,
law win no food tn th# «»r.rV1rir». ' —
suits. In November last the
cough again put in an appearance
and my wife, acting on the nug-
i gentian of a friend, purchased    a
the eoal.     According to his view,
the   maintenance   of such   prices
Ch*mb«rlnin'« flfiii-ri
The result was indeed
uid. Kiuu., Altti thtee dotee the
cough entirely disappeared and
has not manifested itself since."
This    remedy    is for sale by all
u.<.<.;> _>*<_> Ckvt «tw«ti. o> j>>k.^kb){ m
'man as he invariably got beaten
few eoal barons in    the   position j"'"" "" "" ••"■*•-»•/»"* «-«.-»,    „Are      u   Mkln„ for      ki||?„
that they; might ride in automo-   w»^er he attempted to collect ,,      ir6d th# *,       ,   ,WMt
biles  and take  annual   trips    to   Anv damages under it. j hM_t>
Europe, and he thought that the j   »« did not give any details   of';    .-That was my idea."
homesteader had a right to some* j tho new act, but merely said that i    ..Then    you    need not prolong'
thing b*«»r.     Th*» r-mwiy, whfoh ■lfc w-«ld applj' to nil elasses    of   yo,.r ^tt".^     You have leave to
he suggested was that the govern* \l^>ot and that it too would    be J print.*'—Kansas City Journal.
iiiciit should acquire »«as of coo.l ,m^»llH nft.r th* Tn^lM r*>t.       (
in parts of the provineti" where the     The rest of the premier's speech,
locations could be found most con* ' which was two    hours and a half ' Minard's Liniment Cures Colds, etc DisTBi^!_^i-li^^lBosns- ^"£f:^w«*wqnr? lntr was:
$1 a Year in Advance
' SMBed' every Saturday  from the Office oi
Publication, Todd Blook, Victoria Ave.,
Kerme, British Columbia.
All changes of ads. must be in as follows :—
Pagos J and 5,2 p. m. Tuesday ; pages 3 and 4,
*p.m. Thursday, andpage 0,2 p.m. triday.
We will be unable co in=ure change unless
this rule is complied with. o
Legal advertising 12 cents per nonpariel
line lirst insertion,'*! cents per line each subsequent insertion.
Bates for contract advertising on application at office o: publication, Todd Block,-
' WORK        ;    ,
; The chattel slave and .the serf
always knew where their work
was., They were not required to
first find a master before they
could work, and eat.
, *.. ~-__
The Hon. Minister or Finance
has introduced to the House an
'Act to Amend the "Coal Tax Act
of 1900."
The Bill has .had the second
reading, and is likely to be adopted. Now we ask the question:
.Is. it right?
The answer is obvious that it is •
neither right nor, ..fair, both from , are hopeless
the Coal Companies side, and the , pennies   that
miners side.
..- If there was any hunting done
it was by the master to find the
escaped slave. Escape from work
meant freedom for, other and more
pleasant work. '• "
The wage worker of today has a
new terror and a new toil added
to his burdens. He' must not only
work; he must also hunt for work.'
This last burden is heavier than
all the others. It is ^ever at his
elbow'even when he has the, opportunity to labor and liv6. The
haunting horror of out-of-work is
the only ,. thing that ■ is worse
that   the work'itself.
hour,as an. ox-team could move in
a month. The child tending, a
battery of ;'Northriip,-. .magazine
looms weaves .miles where the
old hand-loom worker wove ,,feet.
The steam threasher turns out
car loads of grain where' the man
with  the  flail  threshed bushels. ,
' This is the story that meets us
• everywhere. »-
With relation to these wonderful machines the members of society are divided into two classes
—those who OWN and those
BO NOT OWN the machines.
. The class that own the machines do not need to work. Its members, like the owners of the great
Marshall Field estate, may be
wards of a court. They may be
insane, infants, in jail.     This does
There is no more racking, wearying, crushing toii than seeking;a
chance to work. -■'■
brave and bold and self-reliant,
but as tender and modest as they
are courageous; These miners
stand steadfast - for the things
which, they believe to be right.
They repudiate injustice" and spurn
intolerance, no matter where . it
These miners embody the true
greatness of this democracy of
ours.      They are truly democratic.
These men, and the workers like
them, in all the labor places, in
who j every line of toil; these truly democratic citizens, true to ideals
and sturdy to uphold principles,
make the best citizen-body in
the, world. -"
Lucky the nation which proudly
claims such citizens. The miners
here assembled lead their group of
not interfere with their ownership, j toilers by right of ability, reliab-
First we will take the Coal Companies side of the question into
consideration.     Their present  tax
.on coal is five cents per ton. The
amendment will increase it to ten.
The present tax on coke is nine
cents per, ton, the amendment will
raise it to eighteen. Now this increase affects our local Coal Company more than any other com*
pany in the Dominion. You may
ask why? The answer is, Because
of the limited field for disposal of
their products. They cannot go
east, on account of the various
coal companies operating through
"Alberta, they cannot go to the
.United States on account of the
very high duty, and practically
the only outlet they have is west j
, which is  one. of the most expensive pieces 0f road over which any
 frei«*ht-_can "     "     -   -    ■
ility, stem rectitude and business
acumen. They are the chosen of
the mine workers for most important duty. Their success or failure as agents" of the cause of the
mine workers means joy or sadness, contentment or struggle,
among the thousands who work
under the earth.
These   men seek   for justice, for
i their fellows.     They are a part of
they ! a     great,  enlightened, intelligent,
^    ,_ .        i produce wealth.  In "order to  pro- j conservative     army- oi good men
he  has  so   carefuUy | duce ^^ ^     ^^ ^   ^iwho represent the mass of   - wage-
,. . ,_.      1V He|land and machines of the owning ' earners.       They typify the  quiet,
Knows there is nothing.there. ! „1occ i manly     demand    of laborers' for
The class of owners need not do
any work, yet its income flows in.
0 This is because of the existence
of the other class—the class that
DOES NOT OWN anything.
This   non-owning    class cannot
.    .       , live unless it can -use the private-
Day after 'day the weary hunter   ly oWned tools>     It_ members can.
for an opportunity to toil makes
, the  same  hopeless  rounds.   ■■ And
I they are all the more wearying be-
i cause b.e knows before that they
He uses  one  of the
counted to purchase a' paper.
not even set foot on the'earth unless they use the land, that belongs to  the  owning class.
They     cannot live   unless
i wealth.  In  order to  ]
the I
He knows" that he will wade j
down the same long columns- of
fakes, intended only to deceive. In
the beginning they deceived him.
He rushed frantically to" promising locations, only to find himself
in the toils of a swindling employment agency- or offered 'an opportunity to act as agent for
some  worthless  contrivance.
Perhaps there are one or., two
in the list that look more promising. He hastens .to these, spending a few cents more of the
dwindling • pennies for street car
fare, only to find what he knew
would be there when, he started—
& mob of others equally disappointed with himself,.and the information that the place was filled long before. f
class. . , ■■
For the opportunity to use ' the
property of the possessing class
long enough each day to produce j
a subsistence for himself,'1, the pro-1
pertiless worker agrees to\keep oh
producing wealth with these wonderful ' productive machines all
day. - |
. The portion wh^ich he creates for
himself and is allowed to keep is
called WAGES. <• All the remainder flows into the pockets of the
possessing class as RENT, u INTEREST AND PROFITS,
In return for this the owners do
nothing but hang on to . their
legal titles. This possession enables them to lay tribute upon
the organizing, directing, managing labor ' as well as upon the
m_o_st__un8killed_manual toil.
'■■■  Buy   -.
Landsat Robson
Just recently the Smelter Companies at Phoenix and district,
had to close down owing to - the
increased 'rate- of getting supplies
of coke and the. general increased
cost of production. ■
The Miners  Union,  to  get   employment for themselves agreed to
accept a reduction of 50 cents per
day for the time being, with the
proviso that:as soon as the Company could do so,they, were to give
them their original wage.     Now
Jthen   comes this government   increased  -Tax,    necessitating     the
coal companies charging morp for
their coal and coke, and making
it all the'harder for the smelter-
men. and ;the coal companies   to
pay their men increased wages as
they from time to. time., have to
ask for,    owing to the continued
rise in the cost of.all the necessi-
ties of life. • ■"
It is easily seen what harm this
government increased tax is going
to do tho working men and this is
only one more reason for the
woricingmen to get able repre-
eentatives in the various Logisla*
,tive Chambers of our fair Domin*
ion, and ; locally ia the Pro*
vincial Rouse to be able to offset
these and othen matters that are
brought up ; to the detimtnt of
their etjiaa,-, .._■_: nghttoj, against
ihck "Acts-' the working*!**,,
wduld be helping the Operators'
.4-uoelation, and protecting them*
•elves at the same time! . Sueh
kelp to the Operators' Aeaocia*
u?$r Would »*an that the work.
•n; would have all tho more
ground, for their demands, (or
increased pay, inasmuch as they
had, helped to keep down as much
as possible the cost of production,
and therefore would make a much
•tronger stand for themselves and'
those dependent on them for
: justice   and fair treatment,      the
j country over.
Because they are good, strong
men, they are named to serve -and
so are honored above their neighbors. In their hands the inter-,
ests of labor are safe. By reason
of their wisdom and squareness,
honest capital has no fear in their
The miners earn every cent they
get. Every mine horror of resent
months; every disaster in the history of-mining, emphasizes tho
fact that the miner receives no
more than justice in his pay    en*.
(Continued on page Five 4th Col.)
Five Trains daily, C. P. R.
Steamer, daily Telephone and
Telegraph, good ; Boating,
Fishing and Hunting, level
Land, magnificent Soil. <;!.
Avoid isolation and poor transportation facilities by buyiug at,
Robson. ,
Buy fruit lands where you
can get irrigation and be
sure of good ' crops..
These lands can be bought
at $i.oo per acre per month
Your money back if not satisfied..   For particulars see
B. C.
«|»       «|»
He goes on from office to office
and factory gate to factory gate,
and from mine to mine searching
.out foremen and bosses and managers, only ,to meet with one rebuff after another. He dreads to
go home," because he can.' take
with him only one empty, stomach,
of which there are already too
This is the man that.is, the object of the" comic .Writers^ alleged
wit! Ho is pictured as seeking a
life of, ease. He is painted as the
synonym of idle restfulness.  .
Yet so desperate is the work in
which he is engaged that it drives
more men to suicide than , any
other one causes.   • •
Today there are more than three
million men in the United States
toiling at this tefrible^'task. In
spite of,the suicides there will be
more', tomorrow, and more the
next day, for we know not how
long before, the. .tide will turn
and the 'workers, can [ once more
find a chance to produce profits
while thoy toil,'       '     -,
,   Tho Socialists   propose   to   end
this    sort   of work, They will do
this by making the entire working
class the owner of all the jobs,
„    [ •' '■ i.o-	
the recent trouble at Coal Creek
♦hut   wrtn  **»+>!*»*1   hit  thr.  w**,*,  r«-
turning to work this mornin**
eauses us to enquire the real eause
of tho dispute. Was it the ignor*
once on the part of the manage*
ment of the C, N, P. 0. Co., of
♦Vn» *flrft««h CclurrsbJa Hires Sejul-
ation Act, the Lemieux Aet, or
a deliberate plot to try and low*
•r the wages ot tho menf Which*
ever it was, we are glad that it
is. settled, and that Hhere wm no
strike, as a strike at this.time
would mean a very serioun low to
the men, th» **»mpa»y and the
city? in general,       -    ''"
•J».v»     \ •••7-V    •♦*!—
We are constantly asked to explain the philosophy, of Socialism
in a few abort; simple words that
can bo read in a few minute* and
easily understood,
This is impossible, Socialism is
an elaborate system of .thought
that touches every phase of hu*
man life. It baa a literature of
tens .of thousands of volumes.
Men who have spent years ' on
single phases of Socialist philosophy have. still. not touched its
The same thing is true of every
great system of thought. None
can be understood in a. moment,
There is no royal road to know*
Yet there are certain fundament*
al principles of every philosophy
and science that can be explained
■o that anyone can understand
them, The same thing is true of
Socialism. Its basic principles can
be stated in plain, simple words,
First let us state some plain
facts. Indeed, nearly all there is
to Socialism, as to science in
general, is a system of arrangement of certain facts,
Men are working today with
wonderfully productive machines.
Tjjs modern loeomotlve trannporte
a thousand time*, as much    eaeb
J    ,,|M       li.ll, i        I U •'■' . rtt...
The" Socialists point out that
since hb function is performed by
these owners, it would be easy for
the workers collectively to hold
these titles. The workers could
just as well, appoint the state as
their agent to hold the titles as
tho capitalists can appoint banks,
corporations and trust companies
for that .purpose.
Since it is, only this ' 'private,1''
legal title that prevents the pro*
pertiless working class from gaining access to the wonderfully pro-'
ductive machines, and using1 them
to produce wealth for the"producers, when once the title Was
transferred to the working class
government, then all could Uuse
the, tools and land and retain the
product. '
The present title is a law-made
one, It can bo unmade by changing the laws. The workers can
make use of their overwhelming
political majority to gain control of tho government and ,. to
transfer the title of the moans by
which wealth is produced and dis-
tributed from the idle, owning
class to the working, properties
class.' . .   „
Unlike,the present private ownership, the collective ownership
to be established by the victor*
ious Socialist' working erase 'will
hot be.EXOLUSIVl! buiUTOLU-
There will be none shut out
from ownership, All will be owners and oil will be vini, . •'
Our esteemed contemporaries at-
tention is especially called to this
public statement of the Socialistic
Builder & Contractor
Estimates Furnished  and
Satisfaction   Guuruutoed
Fernie and Hosmer
Kings   Hotel
Fernie,; B. C.
jfernie, 3B. C.
NOTICE is hereby given that on.
tho 4th day of January, 1098, it
was ordered by Feter Edmund Wilson, Local Judge of tho said
Court, that William Fowler of the
Town of Hosmer in tho Province
of British Columbia, Labourer, be
Administrator of all and singular,
the personal estato and effects of
Feter Johnston, lato of Fernie, B.
C., deceased,. intestate.
Every creditor or other person
having any claim upon, or interest in .the distribution of the
ostate of the said deceased, is re*
quired to send before tho 1st day
of March.next by registered letter
addressed to the undersigned his
name and address and full particulars oi his claim or lnter*et,i
and- a statement of his aeeount
and the nature of the security, if
any, held by him.
After the snUL last mentioned
date, the administrator will- pro*
ceed with the distribution of the
eatate ,'having regard .to those
claims only of which he shall have
bad notice.
SATED at Fernie, this 25th day
of January, A. X)., 1008.
Solicitors for the administrator
foresaid. '
Editorially the Indianapolis
Sun has tho following, which we
aro pleased to quote:
The men from the mines, the
strong, cool, dynamic, hard-work*
ing men, fresh from the cons of
har.ard, are good men to tie to.
Th* dnlerfnt.es who upenlf narl act
for that great union, the United
Mine Workers of America, are
types of splendid citirenship, , It
is in such men as these representative workers that the great , republic finds its best strength and
surest safety.
These .men  are, keen and shrewd,.
Bar supplied with the best of Wines.
Liquors and Cigars.
Dining Room in connection,
"&     «f*
Hotel, Hosmer
Open May 1
Everything new and
-. ■   Every accommodation
for> the public.
Bar stocked with the
..finest in trie land'
F.       LABELLe"
Eoerq attention.
.      ,     . ■„,. -*- i
Rooms re8eroed by wire -
T, H. Whelan
on Thursday
• *<, I'm* i
fcutjalr, „ and, .kindly;., they .afe,[afternoon.
'A. Sampson and
were at Coleman
Good Business lot. for sule on
Victoria Avenue. Apply to F. J.
J.' Cnttnll wha bndly froran
while working on the fire at the
old town on Wednesday.
F. J. Kirkpatriek is at Cranbrook, on the Herald staff for a
few days to help them out.
Today is the Chinese new Year
and the C.le_tiai» ate celebrating
in the old time and conscientious
Mr, Milner and Mr, McCutcheon,
real estate agents from Calgary,
were here most of the week on
• t
A meeting „ of the Jolly Carka
will be' held at The Fernie Hotel
Dining room at 3 p.m., tomorrow
i •»'< i l'.
•J'   .*.Y|fr»a'  H-«,'i*,t  »••-   ••»•, t f! V"/
IN   FEOBATE   NO. 5, OF 1008,
Notice is hereby given that on
the Seventh day of January, 1008
it was ordered by Feter Edmund
Wilson, judge of the said court,
that James Ferguson Armstrong,
Official Administer in and for that
portion of the County of East
Kootenay, included in the East
Kootenay Electoral District, be
Administrator of ALL and singular the Estate of John Scott, of
Sparwood, in the Province of
British Columbia, deceased, in*
Every creditor or other person
having any claim upon or interest in the distribution of the Estate of the said deceased is re*
quired lo ma& bctoiu tiie 15th
amy of February next by register*
ed letter, addressed to the undersigned, his name and address and
the full particulars of his claim
or interest and a statement of his
account, and the navuie oi the
security (if any) held by him.
After the said last mentioned
date the Administrator will proceed with the distribution of the
estate, having regard to those
claims only of which he shall have
had notice.1	
. Dated at.NCranhjsoo_c,..this 7th •..!.,><
Official AeMfttstratcr, def *™MI*»a
n i !«■*<»*♦' .•*'•.'•.'■»' i>V  »i' el.i vM-M. iV.f4 «»»m*
A pleasant hw^;^ the*
; ■'traoeller. ". •;-..'.:'.;• ?:
C.L. WHELAN * * MQHa«af
Under new mnnngcncnL
Well furnished rootrn.   Tlio table to
supplied with tlio beat tho market
Affords,   TI,o bar is supplied.
TVi.tj t.,0 lwt>l HfilJUtf, H-
Jas. Severn, Prop.
Townslte  Agent*
'Pernfa and IToamer
Estate P.STgrCTr LEDGERS TEttBrTE. ••  #.  C.fPEBEUAEY, 1st,   1008.
Why are you a Socialist?
Why are you not a Socialist?
What is the. correct definition of ■
Socialism?1, -
In answer to the above the f61-'
lowing have been received.. We
have another that ,will appear
next week.
Any future letters on., this subject   must    be    curtailed,to  less
We cannot give
to each answer.
—: o	
so much
To the Editor District Ledger
Dear Sir:'
The aim and- object of the Socialists ,is to , reduce everyone to
one class, this, a class of workers
oily. Their method that they
advocate to attain this end, is to
educate the proletariat to a con-
, sciousness of his interest lying in a
opposite direction to that of the
employing class. Having accomplished this to capture the reins of
government by means of the ballot, and then instilling a state
democrately managed or in other'
words a state in' which the role
power is vested in the1 people, and
allow them to'perish and will not
lift' a finger to save them.. .Well
I am a Socialist and I say that
the women and children; "must' -be
saved at any cost - and at any
risk; that the cargo must go overboard if necessary.. .Better we
should all live ih huts on the hills
and feed on roots and'water and
be all human and all .hopeful and
all free,, than that a' few should
wallow in luxury and pride, while
women "and children perish, body
and soul by the thousand.
Wasted life is ,wasted wealth and
^he more perfect the men and'women the more perfect the state,
and I am a Socialist because Socialism stands , for life and „ life
abundantly for all without injuring or exploiting a single soul.
Other reasons which induced me
to' become a Socialist are (a) Because it stands for abolishing
wage slavery with its tyranny.
(b) It stands for giving the workers the full .products of their toil
thus abolishing the present system with its bare subsistence, (c)
It will establish social and econ-
tjjg-";' •
Ind.,   Jan.  23.—
the convention
Any 'minute after
popened, Thursday morning,
gates expected to see Patrick Dol-
an ex-president of District 5, who
was expelled from the organization by an action of the national
executive board, come into the
convention hall and make an effort to regain a seat for himself
as the official delegate from the
union at Reising,.Pa. President
Mitchell announced that his case
would come before the committee
on credentials at 1.30 p.m.,
Thursday. He invited all those
interested in the case to be present. It was not known at that
time whether Dolan himself would
be present.
Miss Laura. Gregg,, from Garnet,
Kas., a member    of the National
bitterest" enemies,"was present'at
the hearing. The committee will
probably report to the convention
Saturday, and it is thought: that
: tTiere ip a "possibility that Dolan's
name 'will" be presented favorably.
Nothing official however, has been
given out.'
Fairbanks Morse 1908
....     ,       ,.-.,.        .       | Woman's    Suffragist', association,
!""J^!?'_7.J^l^!,.d"!.!add"ssed the ^legates, Thursday
. morning. The attention of her
! audience Was.undivided and the
; applause frequent.     She came   to
an industrial republic; having thus
distinctions based on wealth, (d)
I It will establish the dignity of
[labor and rank it above capital.
j (e)   It ■ will abolish such crises as
the workers are now passing
I through, through its abolition of
i tho private ownership of the
1 means
i strain
of life. (f) ,, It will re-,
outlined their Object I may say, !sxraia human selfishness, stop'
.that this is impossible of attain.-! Sraft' Pr°mote brotherhood and
ment, all history proves this and \ honestv; every person may live on
can we
Indianapolis expressly to speak to
the miners. She was accompanied
by two other members of the organization.
The .case of Patrick Dolan, ex- . ,.
pelled from the United Mine Work- j <^
ers ot America two years ago for j -^
disloyalty to the organization, j <ft>
was laid before the convention of I x
the miners Saturday morning by ! <£
the credentials committee. Dolan j $
is seeking a seat in the conven- i
tion as a delegate. He has cred- i
entials  from his  old union.
The matter was no sooner laid
before the convention than a mo-
M a r i n e
■ If you intend to install p. new boat engine this vrav it will be worth
jour while lo coiumunk'Htu n-itli us.
Wo make nrw thirty diffo-ent size*, types am! combinations, fro
2 1-2 h.p. to 160 li.p.   Our"2 l-_ h. p. is mi cii^inu—-not a toy
Our expert will be in the ntij-hborhood all the time.    Ask us for
the motion was unanimously carried.
|Canadian=Fa3rfaanks   Co.,
101 Water Street,  Vancouver
Montreal, Toronto, Winnipeg,  Calgary.
tion was made to table it,    and  <^<*^4>§"S><$><S><e><^
(Continued from page 4.)
velope. These men, -in arduous,
muscle-racking, rough labor, in
caves of darkness, take,their lives
in their hands every day and every
hour. -,
Their      characters    are  molded.
"When we plead ior suffrage we j from, boyhood, by the harsh hand
only by  the past can we predict I e^..Stref* f°r«» Producer , ail)11J, Wlliu tIle .
the future/   Such a state as that :wealtL Wl11 m-ke the good of the I saidt'he speake-
which    they    aspire to has never -; pubhc a a°mi*ating thought and ;
be   attained     and never will    be. !true dem°cracy a realized    condi. '
Just take a glance at the obstacles they have to overcome. "First
her© we have entrenched capital,,
with all tho forces of the law,"
judicary and the coercive power
arranged against them, for even if
they got the majority vote, it does
not necessarily, follow that they
will be able to inaugurate their
system again, it is entirely against
human nature for the system is
the one that recognizes" and rewards ability and powers high the
point attained, there is always an
These are some of .the reasons that led me to become a Socialist. ,
Tours respectfully,
again it is against our greatest
teacher of the ages, who said
render unto Caesar the1 things that
are Caersar's also '-Servants obey
your masters" ' thus recognizing
that there'must always be a ruling class, any sane person would
not entertain Socialism for one'
minute. I sum it up, this way,
it is only a pipe'dream.*- ,
'"'''      Yours respectfully, ■
To the Editor District Ledger
. Dear ^ Sir:, ^ ...
In accordance with your wish
an expressed in last week's issue,
I herewith give you some of   my.
reasons for being' a Socialist, and'
in doing so I must say it is    a
forward move on "your part   and
will be productive of much good,
'   Well I am a beliover in: life for
all and life abundantly.     We believe that    life    is more precious
than    property, - and. to illustrate
our point let us suppose a ship to
be at sea in a storm; the captain
comes'along and says; that     in
order, to save ithe lives on board
all the'cargo musVgo overboard)
**4   tttfpo'ie  * passenger eoinw
along who has |i'6^60o worth  of
merchandise on., .board end, |tyl|
' (nut is my .'property' and It is immoral . to   th*6w it overboard;'
what would,:the crew and the pub-
lie call that man; methinks they
would be inclined to call mm any*
thins; but a gentleman; take another simile, suppose a'; great Are
to be raging and goods worth one
million dollars could be saved by
allowing one eurly haired child to
be burnt to death, what would the
publio think of the owner cf   the
goods if he cried out; save     my
goods regardless ot the child's life;
he    would be    branded as a disgrace to human socisty; Well sir,
there are more than a million  of
children sacrificed yearly through
preventable    diseases,    there are
120,000  children   go hungry    to
school   in    London    alone;   Mr.
_»u_-«-l« fau>* lu_t iu lie./ttbt, women (lie   at   10 And we urn alio
told that 18 million of people exist always on the verge of destitution and that one person in five
, die either in.a prison, workhouse
ox lunatic asylum;     What is the
rnoxal   difference  between a man
who would    save his goods from
the ship or the lire without    a
thougfat ot   human life; and the
men who knowing that hundreds
of, children    die   by Isehee, and
... hundreds of women go'ita wreak;
, bV'.)««e tlrfr tools in th»eJtoi*to
,kltat>iJr Mt er his dividends aid
Edmonton,  Alta., Jan.  27.—As
the result  of  a    fire which broke j
out at Clover Bar at noon today'
one    man named     Gustavas was
burned-1 o—death-and-two™"others
were badly injured. The fire occur-'
ed in the casing around pier No.
13, on the west bank, and was
started from a spark from the engine. The pier is not complete,
and ■ the > workmen' were" on top,
sixty'feet from the ground.' In
making his   way down from   the
do     not. mean   that we want to
compete with,    men.,    'We simply'
contend  that  woman's  place     is
along with the men, to help him"
"A home is not
complete without a woman. It is
equally incomplete without a man.
The world, we contend, is nothing
more or less than one great home.
.   It  is therefore. incomplete if   wo-
J men are  eliminated entirely from
the business - and political side   of
this "home."
After the meeting places for committees had been, announced, the
convention adjourned until Friday
i morning.
j Probably the movements of the
committee on scale will be of more
i public  interest   than   that   of  the
others.. _N_ojhing_was _done -Wednes-.
For those who could not get^
away during tlic busy holiday
season wc recommend	
day. ?The committee consists of
the presidents oi the different districts. Where the presidents have
been unable to attend the convention, vice-presidents have been appointed. To. the committee on
resolutions was submitted a resolution' declaring against open shop
+«-. r„o» _. i. v    _    a., ,• and    another     advocating a six-
top Gustavas met his death, and' ^ .       _   i • ^      .    ., -
_ .      ,    ,       ' r-      •-     ♦•hour'   working     day in.the coal
two were seriously burned.       The _■.,«■?**. >--- com
injured were brought to the city
for treatment. An inquest will be
held at the bridge tomorrow.
United;Mine Workers;Refuse
to Pass Their Resolutions
Indianapolis, Ind., Jan 28.—Tho
convention of the United Mine
Workers ot America, today unanimously voted President KitcneU
sLy': months' pay with all expenses
including mediial attendance.
% Mr. KitekeUinM. 4hn«Uhe«^ that
ne intends to take'a long vacation
to endeavor to recover his health*.
' Besolutions' presented by'the socialists were promptly voted down
today.' They were similar J to
those presented to the convention
each year. ,..,.,    J
A resolution to give the Western Federation of Miners Juriedie*
tion over all metal miners
throughout the United States and
the United Mine Workers over all
caal miners was favorably commented upon and referred to a
committee to be named later to
bring the matter before the national bodies.
A resolution opposing govern*
ment by "injunction" was discussed by several delegates,
Indianapolis Jan 88.—The con*
rciUija, 4! ILi UutUd 2-u.e V.'otl-
ers of America today ^unanimously
voted president Mitchell ■ six
months1 pay, with all expenses,
including medical attendance. Mr.
Mitchell has announced his intention,of taking « long vacation to
.endeavor t&recover his health,
S-bserfbe fer the District Ledger.
mines. A third was submitted,
which suggested that miners be
paid according to the "depth"., of
coal dug.
; V ' '        '      ■
The executive board of the mine
workers, at which President 'Mitchell presided, met. at headquarters ; Wednesday evening. Financial
assistance was pledged.the striking ^miners in Alabama. The situation was,explained by President
Kannomer,' of that district.
Makes Dramatic Appeal to be
Reinstated Once Again
-Indianapolis, Ind,; Jan 28,—At
the .session of the convention, Fri*
clay morning, speeches were; heai4
front members of tbVlnternatien*
'al> Tobacco Workers' union, the
Shoemakers' union and the Amer*
lean Flint Glass Workers' union,
The work of t_,esV industries was
presented to the'delegates.'.".
'Thomas L, Lewis, chairman of
the committee of delegate* to the
convention ot the Araerlean. Federation of Labor, at Norfolk, Va;;
read the-report of: the committee,
Other membors of the committoe
were W. I). Eyan, of Illinois; John
Walker, of Illinois; George Savage
of Ohio, and George Greene, of
Ohio. President Mitchell was unable to attend on account ot poor
health, Following the report the
convention adjourned until Saturday morning,
Patrick Dolan made a dramatic
effort to convince the committee
on credentials, Friday morning,
that he should be recommended
to the convention in order that
he may regain his seat as a delegate that he lost two years ae;o,
when expelled for disloyality to
the organi-ation, For an hour
or more he stood before the com-
mittee and presented points and
parried arguments. Frank Feehan,
president ot District No. 5 Pennsylvania,,who succeeded Dolan to
that.place, .and who is,one of his
Subscribe fer the UttrUi Le-lfev.
of sustained toil, and by the |
chastening, ever-menacing agencies
of death and ruthless forces.
' Fire,, vapor, explosives, the silent cave-in,, the creeping flood—all
these are foes to be defied, to be
overcome, to be faced with chill
determination and undaunted firmness at every turn of the day's
work. ,,
Is it any "wonder that these men
who live in the gloom of the realm
of hazard are strengthened,, solidified, shaped for honest manliness
by a rough-hewing, winnowing,
searching process?       ,.      \
It takes manhood in the mines.
It. takes manhood to do good
work in any hazardous line. The
miners,   as is their  custom,  have
,riA*A4- eltAit*_M-.i«ivnl lan^nrc '<*■ r\ V'Vi-.-
convention " which is now in session in Indianapolis.
One of the best tests of citizenship, is its loyality to worthy,
good' and,Honest., leadership. That'
people which loves the champion
for the brave good he has done;
that people which lauds and supports and sustains the most worthy leader because he is square
for the right, just to all men, and
unselfish, devoted to the whole
state, is in a fair' way to realize
some, good and happiness in democracy. ....
Picking worthy leaders' and
maintaining worthy reforms and
a people, in.that far, makes itself, worthy to enjoy and to profit by the best that heaven sends.
The mine workers prove this to
bo true. These have shown themselves worthy of confidence in
many ways. But in thoir loyalty
to John Mitchell, retiring president, they have proved for years
the high quality of their common
sense, and the splendid temper of
their ' sinccro devotion to thoir
. These miners are good to tie to.
'And they know how to pick . a
leader. They learned, long ago,
how,, gbotf it'is' to< cleave .to hon-
]M.*rO'V Jf^L?.!*?- «*itchell at
their7* ]bia_, "they have taken
heights, held redoubts, 'survived
'assault and / siege and -passed.
through strange perils'.
These strong and vigorous' men
have an almost womanly'love for
John 'Mitchell. ' There is something fine and' homely and sweet
in their affection for their com*
rade-chlef. '" St is a thing verging softly on tsars.' For it is a
thing of battle-memories' and
sacred compacts and soul-testing
ventures, and' heart to heart 'intimacies,
The mine workers shine nowhere
more brightly than in their unashamed and frank love for John
Mitchell. Their devotion is an
earnest ot the sincerity with which
they demand the right thing, in
leadership and in policy.
_Ii. luiUiioU ib a line upueuneji
ol the true America., dtkeu. He
is one among the great men of
the miners' meeting. He stands for
the things which compel admiration tne world around.
Such men and sueh forces cannot fail to impress ajid influence
the conduct bt good men every*
where. Such men as John Mitchell and his lusty eomrades ot
the mines give this nation its sal*
ient sturdiness. By reason ot sueh
eititevkhip the republic survives
end grows* and gclns power and
glery forever.
This Fiir-Fained 'Sanatorium
with its Siilp.mr Springs and
Unsurpassed Accommodation is
Just the place
to build up and get a fresh start.
Rates $2.50 per day'and up.
This   Company   operates
Through Standard Sleeping Cars, Dining Cars and
First Class Tourist Sleepers   a
For Rates, Reservations and any in-
' formation denired call on or'write
";■ A.G.P.A.
for the farm, garden, lawn or
IJeliable,   approved   varieties
at reasonable prices
No windv agents to annoy you
Buy. direct and get trees and
seeds that GROW
Bee Supplies, Spray Pumps,
Spraying1 material and
Cut Flowers
Catalogue Free
M. J. Henry
Greenhouse — 3010 Westminster
Road, Vancouuer, B. C.
All work guaranteed
Victoria Ave;
Fernie, B. C,
Cigars, Tobacco,
Cigarettes & Pipes
There is only ono place in town
whercyou can get good reliable
eroods In oar lino that is at
W. A. INGRAM, prop.
PnoKE 01.    -    -   Fernie, B. C
Fit for a King
The meats that vou boy
from us are at for a kinsr.
We sell nofhinp that is
' not the best, that is why
we have so many pleased
customers. , Let as dc-
moDstute this fact by a
trial. Polite attention
and prompt service.
Calgary Cattle Co.
Kotiee is hereby fiv*s that
t-irtT" d*j- after date I the
the undersigned Intend to Apply
to the Hon. the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works at Victoria for a license to prospeet for
coal *nd petroleum on the follow-
tor described lands.
• Oommsneing at a post marked
», Gate's south weet corner, bolng also the south eatt corner of
lot 1008 group 1, thence SO ebiins
east, thenr.e 80 chains Berth,
thence 80 chains wett to the
north east corner of 1909 .group
1, thence following the essterm
boundary of said lot 1008 {*roup
1, to the point of eommtneement,
containing 640 acres moxe or
Dated the 14th day of December
D. A. GATE, lotator.
It. McOXtEOOR, Agent.
Fernie Lumber
Co., Ltd.
tm. mm, fa. 11*. fa
Dealer* in
Rough £ Dreised UmUr
Dimension ft Bridge Timber
Piling, Moulding,, Latho,
Bhinglen nnd Ties.
Telephone Poles a Specialty
All Orders Promptly Attended
Tel. 3
rernlc, 13. C.
"Do you remember that you
proposed to me 16 times?"
"Yes. I was a big slob, wasn't
IV—KsnrrtH Cltv .Tntimul,
"I think Hell's new photographs
must look exactly like her."
"She hasn't shown them to   a
IMiig eout"
t'inlmnit   Cores    XHs*'
TheA. MacdonaldCo
(Head Office, Winnipeg)
Hnincbcs—Vancouvtr, Nfliwi, Pcrnia
Edmonton, Alra. ft Kmcm, Onf.
Pernlc, B. C.
Wholesale  Groccri.:*.   flour,   fitih
Car.tp Supplirr,
WowHet IMvjmt   %%** it ***
$ Maiaticf iaboi,*;'n§MStT'».""'b,,;"»mwiM;»,f' iif'iw*^
If Present Attack Keeps up w<H
Rule the World
If the attack on Socialism goes
on'in its present spirit and vigor,
Socialism will certainly conquer
the world.. In my weaker moments
I have thought that & few more
articles in the Daily Express
would make me join the Fabian
Society myself. Of all conceivable, arguments against Socialism
these people seem to have chosen
the weakest and the worst. There
are many arguments against ' Socialism. The only important one
is that it is awkward, when you
are1 dealing with, grammar, to
abolish the possessive pronoun.
The matter, might be put in   an-
. other, way by saying that the aim
of a good citizen should be the
equalization of property; just as
the equalization of drinks   would
. be the opposite of the negation of
drinks. Mechanical collectivism is
a desperate remedy a nihilist remedy, like teetotalism. But there
are other minor objections which
men might reasonably raise. It
is not true that a Socialist state
must 'have the monotony of a
military regiment or a workhouse,
that it would have no special
feasts or pleasures.       But it.pro-
. bably is true that special feasts
worked from the center by officials
would be rather damp and depress:-
ing. The argument about the
family (though urged by,the anti-
Socialists with an ovgie of ignor-
, ance,,and.'  irrelevance) has some-
Socialist   conditions    .the   ablest,
man would still come to the top,:
Now; IranT not prepared; to "discuss =
whether, under Socialism the', ablest men would still come 'to, the
top.      But it  is obvious, and beyond'all discussion that lie > does ,
not come to-'the.top now.    -It is
obvious and beyond all discussion
that the ten men sitting  on any^
front  government  bench . are   not
the ten  cleverest men in  the nation.        It   is   obvious   that the
member for Peckham. is not, as a
rule, the ablest man in Peckham.
It is obvious that the man   with
ten thousand a year   is not    exactly ten times as intellectual as
the man with a thousand a year.
We all know this, by the very idlest knowledge of the world, as.we
know that pillar-boxes are red, or
that shops  are, shut  on  Sunday.
One does not need to be Socialistic,  one  only needs,to be social,
ih order to  know  that successful
people '■. aire auite frea^uently; fools.
And, "of course, this idiotic idea
that    success     goes   with ability
never was the defense for  aristocracy or inequality among rational men.      You might as well say
that we pay the tax collector because of'his moral beauty.       The
old     defense     of    aristocracy  (a
thoughtful and^a thinkable defense)  was  that  aristrocracy ' was  a
system, of coherence and subordination which gave a sort oi stability to  the state.  It was a military  organization   of society      in
which the knight was below'  the
earl,  as  the - major  is below   the
colonel. But there was no      more
idea  that    the knight' was  intellectually inferior to the eail than
there is that the major is socially   inferior   to   the   colonel..     The
if we. rememb^rj'not,'tb'judge thorn'
by\," their" leaders! "..There are some
who  say' .that England 'has lost
its chance, has carried oh just tod
long  its    shapeless   compromises,'
and its cloudy pride."'     I do    not
believe it' for a moment.' England
is a million times stronger nation
than one would .fancy from mere- j
ly .looking at its great men.     Do
not look at the faces in the illustrated papers; look at the faces in
the street.   See what a great and
reasonable  number   of  them     are
strong, humble faces, full of honor and hard work, faces with sad
eyes and humorous mouths. There
are plenty of'good people about.
Religion says that the" good people will be on top in heaven; Socialism says that they, will be on
top in the. near future;  but nobody is possession of his five wits
can pretend that they are on top
now; and if they are the quality
of those below them must be somewhat disheartening.       True   faith
has its eye on the unsuccessful; (,it
endures tho 'small human  output
which     is actually exhibited and
admired:,-     but     ' it, rejoiced     in
the rich and dark treasures of human1 virtue arid calor which have
always been neglected.     It is even
slightly- depressed when it thinks
cfthe  small  good  that  we have
i used.     But it sings for joy when
! it thinks of all the good that   we
i have wasted. -     ■
l ■ -
It   is'  odd,  too  that most '.of
I these critics complain of the anti-
1 Christian  character   of Socialism,
i Whether  Socialism  is anti-Christ-
■ ian is a fair , question.' That this
sort,   of     individualism,  is   anti-
Christian is a palpable fact. What
ever else Christianity does say, it
Fernie,  B. O.
'.   Brewers of-Extra  Fine La^er   .
arid   Aerated   Waters.
Bottled   Goods-",. a.    Specialty.
Crew's    Nest   Special
Minor's Favorite Cigars
-;■;•-•'■"."df cdMMEReE
B. e! WALKER, President,
ALEX. LAIRD, General Manager
A. H. IRELAND, Superintendent of
Paid-up Capital, $10,000,000
Hest,;i- - - 5,000,000
Total Assets,- 113,000,000
Brandies throughout Canada, and in the United States and Ehf land '
Deposits of $i and upwards received, and Interest allowed •*
current rates.   The depositor is subject to no delay whatever!^
the withdrawal of the whole or any portion of the deposit*  \
Fernie Branch
H.  L.  Edmonds*  Manager
■ •>
The best dollar a day house .*,
in the city.            .. •>
* ■    Well stocked bar.    .■ *.*
•»• *♦*
♦:• ■, Liquors and Cigars of the •♦•
* highest quality. *»*
* ross bros.       props. *
To   Our
thing in it "to this'extent that the-!1,'-* ov the bald, while still insist-.
; doesn't, say that the rich of   this i
theory never was that' certain men j world are such> ,proDabiy the "rich !    .      .
deserved to      govern the. country, j in .spirit-   „ whatever else Christ-|      TvTO' OI"  more .persons may
The theory was that the country \ ianity    doesn.t gayi    ^ certainly j b ., ■   in£ a0Count witn The
deserved to be well governed, and : does say lhat akother and moral    j-Io.ne Bank of  Canada,  aild
judgment will largely reverse the
actual   judgments t of   earthly   for
tius was the best form of govern-'!
ment.      They--called. the king thej
love a man has
some ways like
ior     his  family.
for' his field is'-in-!
ing that lie was the king— just"asj.jic„c
tune.      Whatever"else is o"r is not
sy from the point of view   oi
leposit or withdraw money by
over their' individual
the  love  he has 1 soldiers in the thick-oi, a battle,
Ail' these  argu- i with  the  bullets   whistling  round
TiTent~s_~agains":rSocialism may    be •ll*'K"ci'1   heads-1  mibu»-  "".-^  -"    *-- j ~ay
erroneous,  ■ but they     are" argu- I colonel "as ' fat   . and bald, "might ; has  ah-eaciy begun
 their,pain   rf0iden
name.    Tliis arrangement is.
the dullest, hardest Christian or-! most convenient for man and
todoxy,  it is certainly heresay to i wife, especially it the IlUSbaild
TS&i   fKiPDay'   oT_3u"5gmefIt'
are arguments. They may be ' fallacious, ! comfort
but they are not obviously false.'
But those who have spoken of
late about. Socialism, have elaborately .selected:_a statement that
is obviously false. They - have
attempted to maintain that in the
world as it now is, success goes
with merit and those triumph
who ought to triumph. Now this
we all know to be untrue! It is a
perfectly reasonable proposition
that Socialism is injustice. It is
a wild and hopeless proposition
that the present state of things is
justice. We' have never known
Socialism, and we can make it out
even worht than.it'is. But we do
know existing society, and we
canno^ safely venture to make it
out bettor than it is. We would
listen with respect and oven approval to anyone who said that
under collectlvist conditions' we
should be all wrong; but no sane
man can listen, patiently for an
instant to the statement that un*
der existing conditions w« are all
Yet this is the specific ground"
chosen by many of the present op*,
ponents of Socialism.; Instead of
pointing out the probable defeats
of Socialism, they point>out, with'
Joy and pride, the obvious defects'
of themseives.':: ilord -Uffour,' of
^urloJ*&r. t**y»> «■*>, *•,^Uf t ■_ not
hurt ...or,ruin the emoient.... -What
answer can he expect to get, e_£
cent -the obvious"'one that we;
might cut hiui into minute piece's'
without hurting the efflcientr' A*>
article in a w«U kn'dwnlwMkly'.'
paper remarked. (in, dealing .with*'
the same subject) that even under
Take Cold
.One way Is to pay no attention
• n   It.    »»   ( ,.->   "p»   ..->»lt  ft fl»
»»V M ,. •»► • »«•>* »«l»» —...tij «t -*,to'
vcltfps .ntt> pneumonia'/ or
bronchitis, or pleurisy," Another way is to ask your doctor about Ayer's Cherry Pectoral. If he says, " The best
thing for colos," men take it.
Do is he siya. say way.
themselves in
and peril by the rich remembrance
of his fatness , and . baldness,
but would still base all their actions' upon the fact that he was
the colonel. Our dealings with
existing royality arc, I need hardly say, governed by the exactly
opposite system of reticence. Personal satire and logical loyalty,
are alike forbidden. The point
here is, however, that the old defense of social inequality was always a reasonable defense. The
old apologists did not say that
any man who had grown rich was
the best man in England; they
only said that to be1 ruled by
somebody thus distinguishable
from the crowd was the best thing
for England. That is,, I think,
fallacious; but it. is not raving
mad like the proposition that Col.
North or Mr. Jay Gould got rich
because they were good. But the
dofsnso of inequality which none
of its upholders dared to use when
it was'entrenched and established
and secure, its upholders have now
chosento use when'its'enemies are
really pushing it ;hard.. The defense which was too absurd to. be
jUsed in flattery of the strongest
;seriate'"or the most placid auto*
Scracy is that) selected for defend*
ling our social system in the dark*
•*/&; ?*ou*", °f•ita/ -!?T$U*V"* AS****81
jthe; deadly,lunamimityv off>8oei*_-;
;l8,t:ahns ahd'the dynamite oi So-
KMWtjdofcnVah. lWsJ« .Very-open
jqMHstibn, and to jne aivery^douht*
fvi > <Wf»t|i?i\t \ iWbether Socialism
'will succeed. But certainly the at*'
,tVck' on BbciaHe.n will fall; ' arid
it'Vill' •»Worou,gihJy ■ deserv't, to
fall.'    '",
: You and't, it is to be hoped, do
not hold the theory that' the nl|;h*
I est.and moat prominent figures in
I tnooiety are the' highest and best
j specimens of the human race. ' We
jar* hot such desolate peseimates
j as all that. For certainly if the
,| people who rule England are the
best people in England. England
is going to the dogs, or rather,
Vn«i nlranrly r»*tn«» t.hxr*. The most
|'lf;lnomy of all possible theories is
and tnat a
harp has been "given to
Lord Worthecliffe and - a golden
halo - to ' Mr. Pierpont Morgan.
The. Socialists may or, may not
be attacking Christianity! the attackers of "Socialism* are certainly
attacking it.—G.' K. Chesterton.
There is more Catarrh* in: this
section of the country than all
other- diseases put together, , and
until the. last few years was supposed' to be incurable. For a
great' ' many* years doctors'pronounced it a local disease-and'
prescribed• looal remedies,, and ^y
constantly" falling to cure . with
local treatment;- pronounced"it incurable.' ScienceJ has proven
c'atarrhito be a-constltutionaldis*
.ease and therefore requires-constitutional treatment. , Hall's
Catarrh' Cure, manufactured by F.
J. Cheneey' & Co., Toledo,'-Ohio,
is the only constitutional cure on
the market;1 It i8 taken, internal-'
ly in doses from 10 drops-to a
teaspoonful. It -acts directly on
the blood and nucous surface of
the system. They'offer one hundred dollars for any case it fails to
cure. Send for circulars and tea*
Address: F. C. CHENEY & Co.,
Toledo, Ohio.       , '      ■ '
Sold bytbruggists, 75c.
Take'Hall's. Family "Pills< for
constipation*" '
lias to" travei'^iTa'^annoirai^
ways reach honie by the week
•2iid. In case of the death of
either party conducting a joint
account, the amount on deposit
becomes the property of the
surviving,, participant without any process of law. To
simplify the management of
your.household; or your own;
and your partner's business,
arrange with usr to conduct a
joint account. We pay full
compound interest on saving
accounts,.    ,
■•'■■•    -.. -■:. '.    :„i;w..'j
'■ v ■ Ll ''
'. St. Petersburg, Jan.. SO^^hs,
relations between the,United St*tf
•% and -Japan are.receiyirigiatten*
Hon .. from - foreign, > generals and
newspapers., There have been, pub-,
llshed recently two ,or,threei series
of articles which, express-the opinion,-that war between these two
cpiuitries is.certain to come. The
writers, however, show little familiarity with political conditions
in' the United States and the pre
THE      IQ54.
E     -
of Canada.
G. W. RI. Bbulton, Manager
Fernie Branch
DrstfstJ Heir HkI ffaist ftr This Style
Some remarkable stories are be*
\ng' told' about town aid] among
the t country people Jeomlng.ia of
this ■.simple i,n home-inade. rnlstura
rectlons for taking: _Iii by shaking well lata, bottle (bne-half ounce
Fluid ., Extract.: Dandelion,, one
diiqce Compound ,Syrup Sarsapa*
rilla." Take> as a dose'one tea*
spoonful-after meals'and at-bedtime.
No change need be made in your
ueual diet, but drink plenty ot
good water,
This mixture, writei one authority in a leading Philadelphia
i newspaper,    has a peculiar tonic
sent status of the negotiations be*! effeot upon the kidneys; cleansing
tween that country nnd Japan.     !tu? clogged-up pores of the elimin-
' ' i ntive tissues, forcing the kidneys
Ambassador Riddle in nn inter- j to sift and Btraln from the blood
view published here ha. don. much 12?.^Jff S_TlJi^X^ISC
yakUib •»» r*ra«lM
W* kulih »U*k«l
tftm »m* »xnu-
«•■•■!« y««r
,waste   matter, overcoming Bheu
•w -••->  .-...«*^ «. ._._ ...«_.   ••« | uniiwii,    ixaudtsf    uiid     !".»„«..,>
Vpr. polntrrt  w*t \ht\t tbo nPj»otln-' trouVilrn "n  a  nbort. w^<'*j
the theory that the best men win.   Uons belwee. Jrtpan Bnd the Vn. I    A New YorVt ,iru~-ut who has
ited States are proceeding on     a ' had hundreds of calls for these in*
friendly   and   satisfactory  haeis, I gredtanta since the first announce*
a *u.* *u... _-      '., |ment in the newspapers last Octo-
and that they are approaching   a J bcr 8taled tbftt \n* pe9_lo   wno
__v>.***.'_L wuvi-t^i., jOViV* 'Uy i; • «'«<-_t ty .(,," «.»',i*v^
o ally  , those   who have    Urinary
Kapoleon   was     reviewing    his-
We thank you for past favors
and wish you a Merry Xmas.
and  a  Happy  New  Year
J'.-'D.'  QUAIL
'<  '9
*_y o
*»»»«»<>»»»»->»»c>-^>»»0->»-»-> »«^*>^-»»>«#*><NK^««»e>*>44>«>e>
The Dominion Meat Co.
Fresh   and   Salt, Meats of all   kinds   in stock
, Poultry, Fish arid  Oysters in season,
Dairy Butter and Ranch Eggs
Phone 4
Victoria Ave
COIiD    ST.a_S-_i:a-_-!':
<W>*£XO2-IpSAXJ_0 ?
to  fnvJ 'i-'.jW aviit
.»  :f^ '- '   l"     .»*
o    t?Tro•-!, \~>v>-
L WAV S;a. choijb. supply;, of,,; BfK*,
:• PorJty Mutton, V,eal,.anat..Lamb..p^,f
'hand.*' Harris, Paeon. Lard, .But- -
,w"'" "1* tcr[and Eetrs;   .■..•..«•-. of  ■» -^
ft   ■. (!   *. ".      "   '   ' f..
Fresh, Smoked nnd Salted Fish; always a
§ood assortment.   Try-our Mince Meat,
aurkraiit ntiid Oysters.
er' i
H -M.,
jWo know the man who wins, and
| if he is the best man we can only
j express our feelings in the   words
j a wedding, which ran (if X remem*
j ber right) ''I .was the best man,
;th« best man. Ob! Jerusalem,
.you ought to have seen the
j worst!" If Mr. Rockefeller really
'rose    by superior,merit. America
When the bowels ire coosiipited, pel*; »»Uflt ^ » k,nd °J f*"* Btti \™
Koaous lubstinccj are ibjorbed into the ; "n «ptlmi«t. and I believe that
Moodia»tc.do!bci_gdii]yreniovedfroia evil is frequently victorious; a
the body ss nirare rntended.   KnaviRg, thollght   full    ot peace, eomfort
tne condition ef the tioweff. Ayer's ffJU,:-nd P-«-ibilitiea of human affec-?
■■■-wiiitrittr tt iprTrt iTttiiv—i  tlnn      We can all love mankind
Suddenly he frowned.
•'Why do you  appear displeas
*dP" asked  an aide<de-eamp.
"1 was thinking," said the gen
The druggist in this neighbor*
hood say tlwy can supply the in*
gredients, which are easily mixed
nt home. There is said to be no
h»fcli»r blood>«Ieansin-* agent or
,     . , _- -   „   * j system tonic known, and certain*
efal, "how mueh pOBterlty is miss- \r nt>1,« more harmlMs or almple
iug beeauee there are no moving   to u«e.
picture   machines
-   And    then    he
more.—Cleveland Plain Sealer.
Through trains from St. Paul to
both Portland and Seattle are to
be put on by the Canadian Pacific Jtailway company about March
1.     Officials of the Soo line and
t!:.t  C   V   T>.   »r? **•*.*" rp»«*>1»tlTif*    -  ,.,   ,.,rl,   ,,-,
the details of these services* in the   completed, it is reported,
to record    my
frowned some' Mifiard's     liniment'   Curie    Dis*
way of time tables, etc., and a
definite announcement may be expected soon.
The plans have been practically
completed. A train of ten ears
will be run out of St. Paul each
day over the Soo line and will
continue to Dunmore junction,
wheve it will be -pllt up, oue
train going to Sutnas, 8. C, and
thence over the Northern Pacific
Seattle International line to Seattle.
The .other train will leave Dun-
more junction and run down over
the Crow's West branch to Junction with the Spokane International at Curion Junction, thence
over the line of the latter com*
**«-.*•  t-i   Pn-iV*.*.-.       "ff-.-,^   "'-.jl-..-»
the "rails of the Oregon «aUway
& Navigation company will be
used to the Webfoot city, Portland. ■
Negotiations with both the
Northern Pacific and the O. A, tt
N. for tbo *ia-. of tbMr lHe» *-».-«
time ago;1
The trains will run from Portland and Seattle over the same
routes as used on the western
journey and at Dunmore junction,
Alberta, will again combine into
a ten*car train and proceed to the
Twin Cities.
Additioual culling slock will U
maintained at Dunmore junction,
so that the two trains to Seattle
six cars each or more if necessary.
■MM ,****
Hayashi Says Japan Will Restrict
Emigration to America
,;.. Tokio, Jan 25.—The program
for the session of the diet, including the speech of Foreign Minister
Viscount Hayashi, regarding the
immigration question, was suddenly changed and the speech! was
•postponed until January 30, when
it is expected that Viscount Hayashi will outline definitely the
the plans of the government", for
■the restriction of emigration to,
'America and Canada.-?' It is un-'
derstood that the postponement
was due to the fact that a reply
from the American,government to
the last memorandum from Japan
Was expected to be handed to the
foreign office this afternoon.
' Since the delivery of its last
memorandum the Japanese government' has issued the most
stringent instructions to all governors and other officials concerning the ■ regulation of future emigration along the lines of the future policy of restriction which includes the prevention of the emigration of laborers to America
and Canada, except under . given
..conditions which will be satisfac-
, tory to the governments of both
,these countries. No laborers will
be permitted to emigrate to Mex-
Evidence of the determination
."of the Japanese government is
shown by an official order issued
to -migration companies, wherein
.all emigration to' the;Hawaiian
islands) is absolutely prohibited, ■
except in the case of relatives of
Mrs. Marshall, an indigent, widow went into the laundry business on a small scale. She had
her sign painted upon the shutters
of her front window like this:
'„,   ;-Mrs. Mar
All work
'   I
'■ shall
undress    c
See specimens
at 8 o'clock
in this window
Japanese Already residing there
The order.bearing on,emigration
to Hawaii .has jreated consternation among the emigration   companies;' who expected to institute
a virulent attack upon the    foreign  office policy in, this respect.
-Viscount Hayashi, however, is determined'not to yield and    says
that   the     Japanese government,'
'having,given a promise, will, not
■recede from, it, regardless of political pressure.
Minard's Liniment Cures Colds, eto
The next, morning when she
went out to "see what caused the
crowd in wait there, she found the
left hand shutter' had been blown
back by the wind and the sign
hardly read. as she meant it
should, although it accounted for
the presence of the crowd; .
'- TVoy, N. Y., Jan. 28.—Charles
Bledinger, an inventor, was found
dead in his room in a cheap lodging house here last night, He had
been in extreme want lately, and
had just learned that a superior
court at Cincinnati had decided a
patent right claim in his favor,
awarding him $93,000 and interest upon it for several years. His
invention, a machine for making
paper wrappers, was patented
while1 he was in a sanitarium by
his financial backer, who refused
an accounting when the, inventor
was discharged from the sanitarium. The suit followed, with the
verdict of a fortune which came
too late.
Bledinger was so reduced in circumstances - that he- was recently
employed as a diswasher in the
Y. M. C. A. restaurant here.
-1 All so-called "soothing" syrups
and most'of the powders advertised to cure the ailments of. babies
onous opiates, and an overdose
may. kill the child. Baby's Own
Tablets are absolutely safe. You
have the guarantee of a government analyst to the truth of this
statement. Good for. the new
born babe and the well grown1
child.. The Tablets positively cure
such ailments as colic, sour stomach indigestion, constipation,
diarrhoea . -and teething troubles.
They also cure simple fever, break
up colds, prevent croup and destroy worms., Every mother who
has used this ,medicino prAises *it
highly." Sold by medicine dealers
or by mail at 25 cents a box from
The Dr. Williams' Medicine Co.,
Brockville, Ont;:, „.:'.,■•; j'>':vv
Resolutions on Socialism and
At the Scottish Miners' Annual
Conference in Glasgow on Saturday, Mr. John Robertson,' Lanarkshire, moved a resolution dealing with unemployment. Neither
Free Trade nor Protection, he
said, was a remedy. Workers must
stand" together and demand justice,
to their class from the sufficiency
of wealth tnis produced, >;'
, Mr. Robert Small,'in. seconding,
said that the only, cure was socialism -of the means of production,, distribution, and exchange!'
The resolution was carried unanimously. •        ,
A resolution, was adopted on the
motion of Mr. Adamson, Fife-1
shire, seconded by Mr. James Ton-^
ner, Lanarkshire,, urging the Government to promote legislation
to prevent unskilled labour being
employed at the mines, the Conference believing that such workmen are a , danger both to" themselves and i to others:'
Mr. John Wilson, moving in
favour of the means and instruments of all' material production,
distribution, and exchange being
controlled by the State for the
people, dealt shortly with many
common definitions of Socialism
which, he said, were quite fallacious. He was very sorry to have
their cause mixed up with religion
and so called confiscation. If
they had a good definition of
what the ideal of their cause was,
they must also have a clear definition of how they were going
to obtain it. If they wanted to
win the convictions of the mass of
the respectable people of the British  Isles,   they  would   make    far
creater n£nrrri»SQ_hw_Vis>wiri n. *ti__
o jt*"-o ——«v———' ••*_>—'~ —w-
whole* matter discussed as Liberalism and Toryism were discussed, and kept free of religious doctrines. He was satisfied, also that
they would never win the great
mass of the people unless they
took^ some action as that taken
by the citizens of Glasgow in municipalising gas, water, and tramways. - This might be revolution,
but it was the revolution, which
ought to be accomplished.
iMinard's     Liniment    Cures     Distemper. •.   , .-■•„„■
Washington, Jan 30.—The constitutionality of the act, of congress of June 1, 1898, prohibiting
railroad companies engaged in interstate commerce from discrimin:
ating i' against members of labor
organizations in the matter of
employment was called into question by the case of William Adair
•vs. the United States, which was
decided by the supreme court today favorable to Adair.
. The opinion was by Justice Harlan and held the law to be repugnant to  the constitution.
The court held that Adair, 'as
master mechanic of the L. & N.
Railroad had a right to discharge
an employe because he was a member of—a labor, organization, just
as it is the employe's right to
quit such employment because of
his membership' in such organization. ' j'   .     *'   /
Such a course,.the decision added might be unwise; but, regarded
as a1 mere matter of fact, there
could be no doubt.
• Congress could not under' the
stitution authorize a'violation of
contract under the guise of pro-,
tecting interstate commerce.
Justice McKenna delivered a dissenting opinion .favorable to the
law in which the court's decision
is' along  very  narrow  lines.
Women Who Wear Well.
It is astonishing how great a chango a
few years of married life often iuako in
the appearance and- disposition of many'
women. Tho freshness, the charm, tho
brilliance vanish like tlio bloom from a
peach which is rudely handled. Tho
matron is only a dim shadow, a faint echo
of tho charming maiden. There are two„
reasons for this" cliange, ignorance and
neglect, vi Few young women appreciate
tho shock to tho system through tho
chango which comes with marriago and
motherhood. Many neglect to deal with
the unpleasant pelvic drains and weaknesses which too often como with marriage and motherhood, not understanding
that this secret drain is robbing tho check
of its freshness and the form of its
fairness. "L     .
As surely as the gonerat health suffers
wnen there Is derangement of tho health
of the delicate woinarrljjorgans, so surely
wheff^these organs ttreN^tablished in
health tho T^ee ^oJ^whV^tO-^e witness
to theiact ia renewed cometfnaBS^ Nearly
million women "have found health and
lapplncss in tho use of Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription;, It makes weak women strong and sfck women well. Ingredl-
harmful habit-forming drags. Made
wholly of those native, American, medicinal roots most highly recommended by
leading medical authorities of all the several schools of practlco for tho cure of
woman's peculiar ailments.
For nursing mothers,or for those broken-
down in health by too frequent bearing of
children, also for tho expectant mothers.
to prcparo tho system for tho coming of
baby and making its advent easy and
almost painless, theroIs no medicino quite
so good as "Favorite Proscription." It
can do no harm in any condition of the
system. It is a most potent invigorating
tonic and strengthening nervine nicely
adapted to woman's) delicate system by a
. physician Of largo experience In tho treatment of woman's peculiar ailments.
> Dr. Pierce may lie consulted by letter
free of charge. Address Dr. It, V. Pierce,
invalldsVLTntcl and Surgical Institute,
Buffalo, N. Y.
As isbmltted to the - BhuehoMeis ■> Ue 'Annas! Mooting hold at tho Head Oflee of'the Sink, at Htullton, Mends* January 20th. mob.
-...,, ..... To tho Public
  -;    1       -
,.,  -Notes-of .tbe;lia»k in circulation * -W..-W...I 2,215,621.00
■• Deposits bearlnj* Intercut,'ineludlnffinteroet
termed to date $19,902,027.38
Deposits not bearing interest ............   fSligBM.M
*, ■ ^«2Jr*B«'-t« .other..Banki,ia ,Ca«ada »ad the,TJaited w^™5
Balance* doe to Agents of the Beak in Great Britain....     517,107. W
jDiridind Ho/74, payable .nd.'December, 1007 * $61,7S»;00 '"'
^Former DWidoads unpaid ..... „  324.00       „
'    ',■ ■ ■     ..'      , • >.',.( 'l
■■■.",".:' W7,fe»,t37.M
Tt the Sbmbelders
Csplltl Stock •».»_*,•., $2,470,300.00
;Ro«em rund .,.,...,,«*, .,..,„...,.   2,470,900.00
; Amount ri>Hcrvo*l for Rnlinte of Interest on
Current Bills Discounted M        75,000.00    '
Balance of profits carried forward .,,,..,.,     217,040.70
« .1.233,0(19.7I»
,  $32,443,300.01
A88ET1  •;■$/'-.: -..J;. )•'■■ '■-,
Gold and Silvor Coin $ 034,078.33
Dominion Oovornmont. Notes .. ,2,575,070,00
Deposits With the Dominion Government si IS'110'6<8,3S ' „
<8«0rity ffl^Noto?Circulation...... i.'.,     125,000.00
Notes of tad Cheques on other Banks    1,485,108.98
; Balanees due from other Banks in Canada
•     ,. »nd the Unl Udjatates     , 141,411,81
'DoialBion aW^PrtVfiel-l'Oowhmeat'Beeuri. "■' "      '
~     »?" •'v."•."."••_"• •:•.•• ••• ••    .880,818.M'
Casadltn -fnnieipal Securities, end British, \
. ,. ., orVoreig-, or Colonial I?unUe. SeeaHN**.   -
!"'    otlMir'tha. Canadian .;....'..;...,....   8,248,917.94
Railway, and other Boads, Debeatpref, tad
'' **$**■*_,•„■' •r***.*.#•••*.• i•»••!..', * $01.(10177
Lotas at'0*11, or Short Cell, en rtfgotitble
BMuritlea -.   1,441,119.02    '
Notes Dieeounted and Advineoe torrent  20,343 830.00
NoUe Diteounted, etc.. overdue («etlmtted lots prorlded
rcr) .....;.,  02,842,94
^'"•h l'r«misei »«..»•..«.*.•.  1,180,075.84
Office Furniture, B»fo», rte  115,020,45
Itoal Estate (other tliati Bank Promisee), Mort^ngfle, rte. 87,00(1.35
Otlior Aesott not included under forcjrnlnR honde _. 09,005.21
Tlio Hnlnneo nt Credit of Profit and Lots Account, 30th.
Novomher, JIHW, wim  4110,270.01
Th* pr»oflr, for thn yonr> nnrfeirl ROfH. Navaim* "        >'
bor»i 1007t after dotfuetlntf ohar'tfaa of
mttHMgomsnt and mnUing pr*ovlilon for*
bad nnd doubtful dobts* aro. ■..« S84.7O8.a0
I'rcmitm r«c»ved on a**r Stock ., ,        270.00
From which lmvo boon declared four (pinrtorly divl*
df'iulK, in all 10 tier cent , 42(7,028.50
Carried to Kimervo Fund from Premium on new
Written off IVink VremWn     ?S/0[10.P0
Allnwnnco to Ki-ProBidcnt authorized by H'mrc
lioldere  ,...M      5,000.00
Bnlnnen of Profit nnd Tjowi cnrrlml forwnnl ...$2J7,fM£).70
HON. WM. QIB80N, Pr-oeldant
J. TUHNBULI.* Vloa-Ppon. and Oonorql Manager*
I      RtMrrif.   Clrcubllos.
Total *.ie*
MUHm le
Ui« PublU:.
1»97...$1,250,000 $ 725,000 $ 034,249 $ 0,4.17,430 $ 7,820,049 $ 9,840,078
IfiOS... l,tV'A«M luifiM l,l»7,r,7* 7,flH4,ai4 P.UI.atO 11,199,144
1809... 1,500,000 1,000,000 1,189,720 8,770,994 lO,022Ji2fl 13,103,057
W0... 1,7fW,!?in 1,534,1111 1,.103,«(W WMfiMl 71 (?.17,5f»l' 74,«7,3.17
1901... 2,000,000 1,500,000 1,660,221 11,540,904 15,470,007, 37,071,759
Xt trill be seen by the above thtt dnrini the Lut ten years the Bank's
Otpital iaereaeed 97 per etat
Reierred increased 240 per cent.
ttunt.   CirctilalioM,    Dtpo.il*
1002.,.$3,000,000 $1,000,000 $1,818,1)5 $14,184,250
lWM... vi,(j(Ki,otiii l,7(Mt,(Hi(i l,»ilri,r»aft I&j.m.hhO
1904... 2,229,960 2,0(10,000 1,01)4,870 17,.r.«<.'l,14!)
1005... 2,ii0,7J0 2,110,710 2,270,75.'! 2l,4Cl,!2l
1906... 2,500,000   2,500,000   2,310,020   2<,3W5/)27
Oircolttion Increased  .,
Deposits increased	
Total aateu Ineretsed	
TnUI Ma-
Mlli|-« to
th» robltc
...147 per
...273 per
...930 per
$» 0.900,^(1?
>u-it'Bs yowp
SECURITY—Total Assets, $33,000,000.
CONVENIENCE-No formality in opening accounts, or in depositing  or
withdrawing money. ,\
PRIVACY—Information as to savings
accounts is confined to trusted
clerks, pledged to secrecy.
J. R.  LAWRY,   AGENT     /
Fernie   Branch :
PHONE   NO.  52
HOUSE   NO.   174
The   weary, traveller in search of a   good
home, plenty to eat and something good to    •
drink should go to ' ° ,
The King Edward Hotel
J. L.  Gates,  Proprietor
Corner Hanson St.
& Victoria Ave. ,
Fernie, B. C.
For Three Months
. •(■'
we will receive subscriptions
to The District Ledger at the
rate of
One Dollar a Year
We want to double our list
of subscribm. Sel.e the, opportunity  and get the . pnper
with all the News
Send   your   name   into    the
MnnnRcr of The Ledger.
Wc have just placed in stock some
of the latest fnds for printed matter
and guarantee   satisfaction	
News of the City
Thoroughly- experienced lady
stenographer and bookkeeper
wants good position.—Apply to
Ledger Office.
We are prepared to furnish No.
1 Crow's Nest Lake ice.   For particulars,'      address      Good   Bros.
, Crow's Nest, B. C.
Money Wanted—§1,000 on improved farm of 160 acres, containing 50 acres broken, a house,
barn, and good well, all fenced,
Z{ miles from Killam, Alta. wiU
pay 10 per cent; for five or ton
years.   Apply M. E. Shea, Elko;
WANTED.—Small house, four or
five rooms, central Write X. V.
2. Ledger Office.   ' 2-t.
WANTED. Board and room with
private family by sober machanic,
Apply Ledger Office. 1-t
eoods at Jacob Stobbarts' residence, Fernie Annex. i   „ .
WANTED.—Servant girl. Apply
to Mrs., H. W. Herchmer's.
FOB. SALE.—Two roomed cottage" and lot in Fernie Annex. Apply to No. 31, Fernie Annex,
FOR SALE or rent 5 roomed
shack. Apply Ledger Office. 2-t.
to Mrs. H. W. Herchiner's'
■  Qai'FG-s;" Tisr,niys? "Seats
ScguSai9 ppioe'6 'ibs, 25c
Soecial' 8 -lbs. 25©
f    PayCash W.  J.    BLUNDELL     '  Prompt Dolivery
Auditor, Accountant, General Agent
Life. Accident and Employer's Liability Insurance
Books opened,   closed,   audited, and accounts kept in the
■ moat up-to-date manner.
Office,  Burns1  Block.
Fernie, B. 0.
To the District Ledger'
Hello,.I say,. Why not make up
your mind to1 be-a shareholder in
our ' new Septant' tank and • give
the sqwe'r. pipes, a chance. You
car. do this by calling at A.' T.
HAMILTON'S    employer      of- the
only expert pipe layers, plumbers, j-^* there
steamfitters    and' also - tinsmiths. "
All work promptly, executed '   and
left   open for inspection.   ,,
Yours truly
'    A."T. HAMILTON.
Archie Buckley and F. J. Kirk-
patrick went to Cranbrook" 0:1
Sunday to attend the Typograph-
Jas. Douglas, ,of Michel was in
here this week on business.
C. Garner was here from Michel
during the week  on-,business.     ,. ,
Mr. Gi'G. Lindsay came in from
the coast .over, the G. N.on  Thurs:
day- .-
J., A. Macdonald Sec. Treas.'
District No>18, was in town during1  the  week.       '.
A. W,-Wright of the _ Ledger
staff is again confined to his home
suffering from Rheumatic, fever.
•We hope to see him around soon.
A. W. Wright," real estate'agent
was    here   on  Wednesday. Mr.;
Wright handles Vancouver property mostly, and thinks of opening a permanent office" here.
A large number of people from
this district-are taking,,advantage
of the' low', rates "to England" and
* * '   ' ' i> -       *
Men's   Furnishings
At Cost and Less than Actual Cost
are leaving daily by the C. F
for   a visit to  their homes./-
|,    A meeting   of    the  Jolly   Corks
has been ! e:i"-  Society  will be .'held  at  Mrs.
Miss    A. ;'Wallo.ee-who      . - .,
visiting, her" brother, J-H. Wallace   *'•   J-   Watsons  at_3  o'clock   this-
returned" chis  week to  Brandon.    1 aiteriioon.   Business    of    -import*-
. A  fire   at   the  Fernie   Club    did   ance wiU ^-.brought »P-
some  damage ■ on • Wednesday  and j     By the burning of the big bridge
gave the,boys,   a-hustle     for     a j over  the  St.  Mary's  Biver,      be-
time.   '"'     .-;    ; ■
H. P. Couz'e'ns; brother of Mrs.
W. S. Stanley arrived in our city
Sunday evening and will likely remain for ■ a time.-"       ■ *• >'        ■ .-, '
A fire occurred' in old town
about 4 o'clock Wednesday afternoon, and the fire brigade were
kept very busy till near six.
Jas. Robertson and family arrived home Tuesday from the east
after a two months holiday. They
were accompanied by Miss Robertson's sister.
The Monthly Tea of Ladies' Aid
of the Methodist churoh, will be
given on Tuesday 4th inst, by
'Mrs. Cox at her residence on How-
land Avenue from 3 till 6 p.m.
On account of the bridge disaster the moving pictures had to be
put off Monday, Tuesday and Wed-
aesday, thereby disappointing a
large number of, patrons of the
opera house,
Manager Stevens arrived back
from Lethbridge on Thursday
morning, and openod the moving
.picture show again, A change is
on this week, and a good hearty
laugh is afforded.
L. 0. Kuramer has the contract
for 20 houses at Hosmer for,, the
the C. F. R. Mr. Rummer is a
first class man, and his work is a
credit to him. His Ad. appears
on page 4 this jssue,
J, L. Gates returned on Thursday from a visit to the Coast,
and. reports haying a very enjoy*
able trip, Mr, Gates informs us
that Fernie has all the other cities beaten between here and the
■ Coast.
Billy Stewart "Hello Bill" the
popular wine clerk at the Kino;
Edward took a run up to Lethbridge on Thursday. He Will return Sunday and then leave (or
a week or'two to the Coast.
On Sunday next Eev. I. W. Wil.
liamson will again occupy the
"pulpit of the Baptist church and
will preach in the morning on
Ji'The need of a religious revival"
,*nd in the evening on the sub*
Jeet, "Is Christianity played
On Tuesday evening next a So*
cial and Concert will be held in
the Baptist church. A collection
will be taken for the purpose of
furnishing the church vestry, The
Indies aid have the social in hand
which is sufficient guarantee of
itn KTcellnnrn,
0\m\* <it\ .rumiiiry nth. Why not »tiul>
nliortlmwl, liwiklioolim, otc. nu<l ouiitlfy
for it tfoo.i'.ilm-laJ r><»lt!nij.' U'u <mii
1)01 ji ymi. WiixttisiiuK i,vi»,u/,uii nt- oii
rn<|iio>t I" P. ft. Oiuli'utt, I'rlrti'I'inl nf
Tim (litrbuti l!n*.lnni>i Cullru-,, CUetiry,
A   " |f 1'i'kro to ester to Isriiet' $
trwdn as w<itl nft pontloincnV.
l.iulit'!*' Ulr niul face* treated
«nv <Uv Ikitt Saturday.
tween Lethbridge and Macleod the
passenger traffic was totally de-,
moralized from Sunday, to Thursday. The trains having to go
around by the Calgary and, Edmonton route.-  ■
Miss A. McQuinn left on Sunday
evening for Vermillion, Alta to
join.her dister, Mrs. (Bev) H. L.
Kampton. Miss McQuinn has
many friends here who regret her
leaving,' and previous to her departure presented her with a gold
ring set in,pearls. "
The following fires occurred during the month of January, Jan.
18th small fire-at rear of Catholic
Church, loss about ?10.00; Jan.
17th, fire in wooden shack in old
town, outside city limits, * Jan.
24th fire in house occupied by J
L. Gates, on Macpherson Avenue,
loss about $400. Jan. 29th, fire at
Fernie Club room, caused through
defective furnace ' pipe, damage
about $10,00. Jan. 29th, fire in
two storey frame building in old
town, outside city limits. Besides
these numerous alarms from burning chimneys' have kept the brigade very busy.
— 0	
The Editor in no way holds him*
self responsible for opinions ex*
pressed by correspondents,
Jeffery, B. C, Jan 27, 1008
Dear Sir and Brother
If you will allow me a few lines
in your valuable paper, I will try
and tell you the condition of the
lumber camps in Fernie dUtrict'at
the Jewel lumber company's
camp and all the rest of the
camps along the C. F. It. road.
The men have to sign a contract
or in other words are iron clad,
not to receive any money for
their labor until April 25th 1008.
This is the present conditions of
the lumber camps today. So
you see what the. master class are
doing with the laboring class in
this day and line, the teamsters
has to get up at 5 o'clock a. m,
and work till G p. m. to constitute a day'B work, Why will the
laboring class be so ignorant and
easy as to let tho master class
get the upper hand of them.
I have Just opened my oyos to'
the labor world, and to know that
liibui jyii>_ucc:> nil v."ci.UL., :v.cr.
why stand in your own llf*ht,
Como to your senses and be a
man of judgment, and use your
vote to your best interest, or in
other words Bo a Socialist and
join the ranks of our great cor-
firairr! ecmmorni'piltVi of nnnndn
We as a labor should fall in line
and put our shoulder to the wheel
and remove the master class, and
get    full product   of   our labor,
and the only thing I can see is to
organite on the political Holds, as
well aB the industrial Held.   Men
lot the pant be by gone, and look
1 for   the future    for yoor children
1 and don't valsiu' white slaves  for
j the   masters.        We    know that
Trades unions have built up our
{Country,      but    political   affairs
.would build us up better.     Now
1 brothers, let us get together, and
vote to the interest of our family
<md don't forgot to f»'v* *h* '»*■
Owing to the splendid efforts of
J. W. Whitely, Grand Organizer of
the Loyal Orange association, the
local lodge has again been brought
together ■ and given a good .'start.
Since Mr. Whitely came to Fernie
12 .--have • been^-initiated into the
order and 3 '.'secured advanced de-'
grees, and it is-expected that several more ,>vill be' received "at the
next meeting. ' At the meeting'
last Monday,night the lodge elected a splendid staff of officers "and'
it'-,is expected that they will lead
the -lodge into ..increasingly useful
"to'be. '
The officers elected for-. 1908 are:
W.  M;—Rov.,1.  W.'.Williamson.
-   D. M.—W. F. Blundell.
Chap.—H. A. Wilkes.
T. & R.Sec.—R." Letcher.''•'    .-,■■"
Trea—Geo.   Clapp. ■••:'
D. of C.--J. Campbell
Sec—T. Ratcliff.
C. of A.—J. Orr, John Brown,
W. H. Wood, R. Clark, W. Nein*
The lodge meets in the Oddfellows hall every 2nd and 4th
Now   in    Full    Swing   in   the
Dry     Goods     Department
■-' ■.,      «"■,; ' *'    -'j ' ;;."'- .1'. .' I- •'•
•\   •" ■ . ■   '        . .. - °
' ■'  • <■   ' '   - . 1 ":-'i."' r ,      ■'   ■
" '      .     •■,.■'''• .'..,' • -'       - Q■.■,"-.'".    *.'   t:    ;„     . ;   t. °.      '   .
——in the Grocery Departimeri^-1--.
Pails Jam'
Sweet Naval! ©ranges* per
Fancy Sweet Biscuits, per lb.
•    4    t, M   I    I    M    i   I,
Do not forget the
Gty^VW!&i&ttWs>irtim®i), ies the ballot and put them on
the same footing as ,wg would like
to be.
' Today they talk of,the panic in
the States; what is the cause ' of
the panic, Today, we know as
honest thinking people that'Can*
ad a has gone down considerable
in the last year. Who is"the
oause of this, Our.Coal,Company
getting people from the Qld.Coun*
try. The government, pays bo
much a head and then the com*
pany charges the men-?50 to 960
a head, and as a rule they get
the first month's work for no*
thing, and when they get square
with the company, nino times out
of ten, they will discharge those
slaves and get new ones on.
V wo nn n lnhnrlnr- pIorb nf
people get together and do what
we can to buiid up Canada to its
full pitch, and don't be backward
in speaking our opinion on the
political movement. For the * mas*
ter class today are doing what
they can to move the laboring
class drom cainpn in order that
they can't vote this coming election.
England has had har people under her thumb for no long
that it in hard for them to get a
foot hold. In the Old Country
for instance, look at Auutralia,
there was never better times in
that rountry before In hint-try nnd
what is the cause ot that? Why
it is the Socialist party that has
got together and thrown the upper clans over board, and we can
do the same for Canada, if we
only will Ao our duty as free
bom eitisen of this -freat growing
country.        And    then one more
Say !, Why not have yoiir plumbing'
done now before the big rush.    We
have the largest staff of experienced
plumbers, steam fitters and tinsmiths,
in the city.   Prompt and efficient.
A, Tt Hamilton, Proprietor
Telephone 1 Nc_t King Edwsr. Hotel
!_f__j__j__i|l! We are lere
Good Prairie Hay for Snlo
§ In Oar Lota
j| W. E. Barker   CayJey, Alt*.
Skates.   Hookey   Sttoke. Etc.
points and that is this:, That
the Salvation Army are today-
sending more to Canada in .order
to over crowd the market with
labor, and at tho same time are
cutting wages as fast as they can.
 :y say thc-y p.r« Vein-
in** the needy. They' are in one
sense oi the word, they aro iielp*
ing to move their homes and
starve.their familie«.
' So I can't say much more only
I wish the Socialist a prosperous
Without   using any   slang phrases,
To Editor District Ledger ,,
Dear Sir: "
XnV°ur i"»e of two weeks ago
their was n misleading statement
appeared which we tho Socialist
pnrty of Fernie wieh to refute.
That is to the effect that M. U.
Sherman was a defeated Socialist candidate. We wish to state
that he has never run on the Socialist ticket.
Yours respectfully,
refute Local,
we   mean   what   \vc
there""" fl'ltl*. "nil   th*
incidental   to Skating
We carry the largest.
these goods in  the  district and for
quality   nnd price defy competition.
say  "We arc
nnd Hcvhey.
assortment of
Wliimster & Co.


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