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The Delta Times Jan 8, 1907

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Array ���
r      fit     A   i
Iflil. 4. No. it/
' ���' SMC -^
LADNER, B. C, Tl f. .DAY, JANUARY 8, l'-*C7.
P IS HMBP   Oi//M,j,.   I 0H.TA COWOL
fpur Biff
The Town Hall was crowded on
Thursday evening to herr Hon. I<
McBride, Johu Oliver ..nd P. I. McKenzie discuss the question's at
issue in tbe present campaign.
About two hundred and fifty  were
���d   33
We regret to  record tb.*
J c:i Saturday, December 29'.!
of  Mrs.   Waiter  Pybus,   a.
j years.
! Mr.-. Pybus was taken suddenly
ill at 7 a.m. and died iu tbe ;. 11er-
The funeral took place on Monday ..leruoOs- iron, the residence
on the Parmiter road lo tbe Boutid-
Coiin 'i
! Chamber,
with the
"ii  Thut
Reeve,   ..
the   CjunciJ
'v,  J.i i. ^rd,
H   I.adner, iu
Conn's.    Cibbie,
Muff and Em tree
present   amongst   whom,    we
pleased to note, several   ladies.
Same delay   was  eccasioued   by
Wfititig for Mr. McBride  who  had 	
b-eti delayed by the lateness of tbe I _.ry Bay Cemetery, at  which  t_ere
Victoria ferry and  was afterwards weTe a great number of friends and
I obliged to drive down  from New (relative, in attendance.
I A'eitaiiii.ter, however, tht.- Ladner      Rev. A. McAuley,   pastor of St.
I garnet  Band,   which was  present j Andrew's     Presbyterian    Church,
relieved   the   situation   by   several I conducted ths service,
-electioas.    W.    II.   Laduer   took
the chair  about   8.^5  and   opened
the meeting calling on iir. McKenzie   te  address  the  electors.    Mr.   Mitclu-ll
'.he   chair,    and
Davie,  Paterson.
.Minutes    of    previous
were adopted as read.
Communications were read from
'John Oliver, M P.P., R. L. Reid,
JR. F, Green, and F. C. Gamble re
'the Trunk   load.    This  developed
the fact tbat the deviatiou at  Robt.
McIIee's had   not   beeu   registered
and   tbe  Clerk   was  authorized to
have tbis ; onion of th. road ga_et-
..* :
: illts?!
7 !':!���-
Commences   on   Momiay,
January 14-th
The pallbearers were as follows: I ed a�� constructed.
17    Land.    SV.    H.    Wilson,   Jos. j     Fr<*��   Messrs.   Herman   &  Bur-
Harris,   C.   A.   Wickson   and   H.  weU��  re deviatiou  of River road.
 Mitcln-11. After goiiij. carefully iuto  tha pro-
izie bad about a ream of | Mrs. Py.us was well known and I P0-ied change Mr. Heraao advised
j typewritten manuscript which he | highly respected by all who knew g-'ng around tbe bead ofthe ravine
I produced and it was quite a relief; _tr and much sympathy is express- rather than fill at tke inouih or lo
i to the audience wheu he atiuounc | ed fur the stricken  husband who is bridge as suggested farther up.
Melt, .n.
ed that  he  did not  intend
to aU-1 left with a baby girl of six moaths.
mtn.ter it all to them at ouce, but j Qllile ��� numbtr of i,aber| 0,
woullgive abortion of it to-night the A. O. U. VV, turaed out in
and tbe balance at another meeting ,ympathy  with   their worthv Bro
wh�� is a Fast Master W��rkn_i
d -���������
I d$
i -. i-
. am
is   Space   next
w&ek for
j which ke had advertised f_r a later
id.it*-. Tbe principal ii gredient of
j his speech was lhe sckool act witk
I which he professed to be lamilar
*hav'u< at on* time teen a school
: teacher and at a later date having
��� been a truster. He said that under
! the old act '.he schonl was controll-
' ei by three trustees who were often
^ fiiflueucpd too much by their per
' sorial interests.    Wheu he was eh*
j gaged to teach school in n district, ^^^^^^^^^^^^^_
j in Langley oue of the conditions of Clurk fikd W J ��� Lanning
: Uis enjsj.an.ent was lha: he was tc
H, I). Bru.on, wbe wss present.
after lcoking over the plan, thought
it possible to cut aud fill instead of
On motion tbe Clerk wjs author-
u-rd  to  c-iBimnni at.-  with  R.  L.
| Reid asking  whether ths   V. V. &
AT tint  was mortal  of the late e. has paid   lor  the  riglt of way
Frank Hartnell were laid to rest on; for tfae new   road, ant if not  does
Suuday   last   at     Boundary    Bay|j,e intend to;
Cemetery. The service was held; From J. Mackie, requesting th*
in All ."-"aims nnd conducted by Council lo of en up a roadway to
Rev. Canon Hilton. .,ja p:acj.    \ eft ;���  ,... hands ot
The pallbearers were the follow-1 Councillor Embree.
iug: T. W. Keir, T. W. Poster, H. j     0u motioa  t_je  Collector*!   Roll
J. Hutcherson,  J.   F. Stainton, P.  and  ,tntt.ment of arrears waa no
On account of the inclement wea-1     Tbe c-erk wal autboriied to col-
bBard at a certain bowse which was |tBer *he attendance Jtt tbe grave wa. . lec. lte irrear9 of laxes   .
mnch   smaller   than    would   havej     The usual monthly accounts and
bee. the cage* had  weather- condi*, Indemnitiea  ware  .asset  for
lions been more favorable.
. ', -.
ruH P^riiouiarSm
| npecified   by   thc    trustees,    (Mr.
McKenzie evidently knew what  he
was talking about in this particular
��� as he had bearded a. teacher when
| he waa  trustee.)    Ue a'so  quoted
' figures to skew that uwdcr the  old
; act the expenditure  in  connection
; with scheols had increased ��500.000
in five   years   anl   aUbough   Mr.
; Oliver afterwards stated  that the
i total expenditure had never amouni-
' ed ot over  $450,000,   this  did  not
detract very much from Mr.    Mc-
Kanzie's brilliant exposition.
Half an hour elter thi*  meeting
Thos. Forster, who is plavinf
spare man with the Conaerrativt
. te;-.tn at present touring Delta, wa.
j left behind by '.lie Premier aud hi;
1 party when tbey started to drive U
; Cloverdale on Friday last, whethei
��� bv accident  or  design we
ment and cheques issued.
Thc Board of Licensing Cotn-
inisaioners will meet on Jauuary
12th next at 1 p.m.
Council then adjourned till
Saturday, Jan. 12, at 2 p.m.
Kditor Dj:j_ta Times :
Sir:   as   liie   n uwicipal
are no!
I, ,���,������"
li 7
f'r :���:-
_C)n Wednesday, January 2nd,
M'ffl marria^e ceremeny ot F. B.
il'Sixon and Miss L. M. Davis took
.... IfirtSp
rijlSJSice   at   the   Episcopal   Church,
Iprrev Centra.   The wedding was
���Iquiet  one. only  tke immediate
i!S.��i.d�� and relatives of tke bride
Id  groom   being   present      Tbe
|ide  was  the  re. ipi.nt  of  n-any
aautiful presents.    A party  hem
j ad ner drove up   to witness the
���Hffl-It is expected: tint Mr. and Mri.
fiixon will take up their residence
|i Vnnconvar.   Batk the bride and
|io��-n   were   well   nnd   iafoiably
inown in tkis district, having mad.
ifjikeioselvei   vary   popnlar    while
Itltscking in tke pnblic school kern.
liJ.'V. TtHE.*; joins vritlj their meny
Iriends in wishing .Mr and Mis.
Dixon every happiness and success
in life.
���ince last week's iss e it. Col-
lowing ad_itioi nl prizes of M. rshall
Smith & Cn.'s Drawing have been
claimed *.
3rd, ., 16.32, J. Hopcot .
4th' :1567s, ,os. Tamil In -
6tii, a8_3_, M. Rawlins.
191 ��� ��io.7i, M. h    -
are       mi        ,.d
Go., Ltd.
We wish to express onr thai ks
to nil who so kindly .ssisttd ns
and tor the kind sympathy in our
was commenced Mr.   McBride  nr- j P��P*red to state.
'j rived in the hall and wns received I100*1' **ent *ot bus-y vvith tlle  tfl
j with great enthusiasm, Icing cheer*
; ed by everyone present, irrespective
of party. Mr. McBride has always
being popular in Delta and has
many   waim personal   friends   en
i both sides of politics. Mr. McKenzie continuing, said   that   he   jro-j
posed having*' bridge built across Pressed hy anyone  present, but the'
��� -    -  lier got out ot   his  ��lei;;h  aid
as tue n uwicipal elections
are drawing near it is well for people :o coi.sidtr what ther should
do   towards    c'eciinj   a    Council
--^^^^���i^h^^^^^^H^^B    i which will  work effectively  to i_n-
phone and had the ratty intercept-j ,.      ���- .      e ., . .    ,
' ���      ^. prove the affairs of the  municipal-
ed  at  East  Delta, when  through .. ,     ,-,..,    c       ��� ,       j.
n    ity, and, whilst the financial condi-
sonie   *trauge   perversion   of    the    . ... ,,    .      ,.    _.
* tions will rcc-'.ve  all   tbe attention
message or, perhaps, through some;
kink in ihe  wire, the  Premier wos
informed   it a'   Mr.    Forster    was1
dead.    No great   nirpris_  was ex-
're ^^^^^^^^^^^
sympathetically -roceeded to
telephone for further particulars
When informed that Mr. Forstei
was showing quite a few sign., ol
liie be ordered that 1 suitable conveyance be secured and thedilaimj
one join the partv at   Cloverdale,
Final shipment of Jap oranges
ju t in W. H. Smith.
Canoe pats and the Kiver road
completed to Lad 11 yr. He sai_ thr.t
Iir. Oliver antagonized the govera-
i ment and consequently they  would
ido nothing towards public works in
! Delta.
1     Mr. Oliver followed  and  in  his
: usnal clear aad forceful manner
illustrated the fact that he is capable oi' taking thc platform nnc;
holding his own against all comer
I  Mr.  Oliver   does   	
flowery language aa some  public districts sendiu. Liberal
speakers, b_t he has a way of say- to the  house.    He  h .
ing things   that   gets   them   right jot the  election  of
kerne  to the  people.    He quoted | they had Oliver   _,
tk- prcmi.r as h.iving snid that  he I knew that I e h i<:
nev.T   discriminated   ag-.iu.it   an. : the wall and   was
! qnently applauded.
! was no intention on
sni.l the e ;
their importence demands, it is desirable that things pertaining tn
the morals o:'the comumnitv be not
forgott'i-. One 0, tbe worst evils
permitted in La lner ai d vicinity at
j the present lim- is lhe  sale of in-
:toxicairs by unlicensed hotues. As
a matter  of justice to those  wh��
I pay heavy licenses.as well as for the
protection  of  the   morals  of  the
[community this disgraceful condition should receive the attention of
the ratepayers, and an effort should
be made to have the offenders pun
ished, whether the transgresser is a
^^________________________, l)iirt "f  '' c 1 seemingly resectable business man
not use such I government to discrimhmte against or the operaitor of- a gambling deu
in Chinatown should mike no dil-
fererce, as they are in the same
class and equally guilty. That no
attempt has been made by the pres-
Tht I-. Hnvving
7tlJ. 8.5565.
11H1, ai.1.47.
lath, ni^ja.
r\'.  H. Smith  anal  Rnbi    _.a
attet-M Masonic festivities iu tke
Citrlut week.
no doubt
Mr.   McjCenzie,
oing,   everybody
his back   agaius
fighting foi   lu;
McBride gave a
BRAN. SHORTS, Whole Cern,
racked Corn, Rice Meal, Chit
Rice, Chick Peed. Timothy and
Clover Sends, Sutton's Garden
an- Field Seeds may be obtained
at Brackman-Ker Milting Co.'s
warehouses, Ladner, from Mr.
IL N. R.CH, Loral Agent.
Riding because it had returned an j political life.
opposition member and compared history of the conditions of affair:
this statesmanlike utterance to the| when his government assumed 1,1
narrow minded proposition of Mr.''ice, defended the .'s-e-sineut at t
McKenzie that if a governmenti school acts, di��cnsscd the Kaiti
supporter was elected necessary pub-; Island deal and Columbia an-.! West
lie works would   be nt once con   em  land   grants,   and  stated   hi:
struct* .1.
Hon. Mr.
McBride was tie next)
and la.t speaker,   and was  listened [ night,
to with great nt-tefrtioti and - treqeu- the K.i
I positi in in iegu
The meeting
Ihe Hm-.
lo better
lis; ersed
at in
cut C un. il ii- ren edy ihis deplor-
able condition is a djsgtweernsj fact
which we are forced to aekneiwl-
edge. 1 think it would be advisable ' r those who have the gnodt
of the municipality at heart to secure an expression of opinion from
candidates at the forthcoming election mid to vote ior those only \v_ie
will pledge themselves u< do their
utmost towards preventing tin* and
kindred .; ils.
. *. ill �� ._  , --J. "_.-, ���'r���      ���-     .  **"
CJoBSCRiPTiO?-, $1.00 per year.
As_.y___TISIN0 RATH^.
C..<-_1  sftd-_rtis__I_E8t��,   la Cents ,-r HtJ. ft>'
ft. firafl_tflci.ton.sYA.^5___.._> per'ltsit tor
isfssi-'. by :li*
ach 1
lies. .
rpAOC occaPs_*d,  LT-Us_**--to.t_< '
jed by a desire to serve the mumci-
, pality..  We observe  that   f ,eo. 0.
I Dennis, of East Delta, and Deuglas
D.  Dove  will   be   candidates   ior
'municipal honors and we can commend them tu the electors.
It is to be regretted that ibe 1906
To  this  Electors
Gentlemen *
of  thk   Electoral District cf
�����!������ .���������t��.
*_U--B_������_ ...I l-_*_-
' ��*�����.�����.������.�����.-.
R;i(c3  'nr C-Uiirntr^al   .* fl*r��r ".r-MiK -nis eun  b.
Iiri-i ��u BppMCrfitfo-i at tbUOs-fici.
stet-llAI a**ice-il_-'ceiit��-p*_i -_-��<*��� H-. -*:-cb in-
Ztt��*fbftft-lP*taLh nt/.icrs, JPDt.i fct_U-H����e��$J.M.
Any ���peefaal noUae, Ibi C_V_*ct ��t which te ta
V< oimv-io-h�� jK.---__ni.iry. benefit of_tnt IndiviJnAl
or 6 .mfmit].. u Vh. c^'n;ia!*nrt'l iin MvcTtteciutciil
uml i'li.tvo-1 sscorcUuffly.
0A\ B-l-wt__Mmcn__tfi ctWftd flw Bill orilereti
s.ut _������,-, paid flar.
4_a.nn-ij4_-uilr.U-'. ii.tv^i. tt-n tt____ttef_. t.i public
Ii_XT*r-_t. ->wiiKj_.uu-__tir.nrt-o ?-lil(��r lotinft .��_��� ���_*<
litMApAiiicd by ("-.mic o^ mitcf, not neceaaarilj
ivrr f.nMic-.twti, l.nt ._.*. r\-i(*rrir_' of good faltb
(^rfcMpoacteBCc maK. renefi Lh^toffioc by Thorn*-
���*__V _>1 1-K.ti(;
: rV. and V.    Instead of the
I ine li ne between  the,*.*  wur.!- run-
jyj^.l The Legislature has been dissolved ami the MVBri.Te i iovernmenl
"-. again attempting to obtain a snap verdict from the L.lectorate.
Thev have made  no  reasonable attempt to carry ont the policy
ing north and south it should mn | upm .vhid] th(.j. app(,l]o(i r,, ,he peop]e ������ ,go3
would  allow
east and west.    Th
of  one   Councillor   being   elected) mo;t important parts of the policv upon which they were elected.
freak the  river  front and auotheri They have legislated in favor of speculators and agaiust the in
trom ihe stutb sule of the  municl- * resls of ll ' ma8ses ��* ti:" P''"!'1"-
,.       , . , ,, . ,   . Thev have seriously impaired th
pality whicli w.tdd Le  au  obvieus 1 , , , .'    -
especially in the Rural Districts.
_dv��n.a_e as  there  is  little com-. Thev have increased luxation I
Delta Transfer Stable
Team Work Done ai Specially Low Prices.
JOSEPH JORDAN, Proprietor.
They have legislate, and voted in diiect violation of some of the   t Telephone " Ladner" No. t
���*�����.;.��<l-����t.��-|-4_i-4 ���}.. ���l-��'I-��-|��4 ������������'H- ���������^���'���������^���^������������-���^������-^ *��**��*��
11 enu leni
.'.-1:*.'.  R.
'rrrsn.w, JANUARY 8, 1907.
���unity ol interests between the|ma
settlers on tht river front ami those
near the Bay. However, as this1'"11
has not keen done, we would .-u__-
gr*-t thut an arrangement should be
arrived at betwten the two communities  which  would
irgi Iv and in
onr Public Schools, |
nost inetjuitable [
V. T. Ry. & Ferry Co.
re-arrangement of these two
should be made at the earliest prac-
ticsl date.
Hon. Messrs. McBride, Cotton and Tatlow give it as their opui*
int  the  Klii tors  ol   Delta  do  not contribute '.heir lair share ol
Kv their so-called amendments to the Land Act they attempted
tu coufocnte the value ot the timber upon Crown granted lands.
They have voted away hundreds ol tjbousands of dollars and bun-
i.iw ol a j dreds of thousands 1 i acres of lands for which no adequate return is given.
man being ehcted from each local-; They have refused to even attempt to collect from the C. P. R.
ity, upon the  understanding that ai hundreds of thousands of dollars in taxation rightly due to the Province
>varjs; Their conduct Lu respect to the notorious Kaien Island aud Kiti-
! m_t.it land deals ou.'ht to secure the condemnation of every rij;ht think-
! ing mau.
The policy of the Government in refusing to aid public works in
. Municipalities ought to receive your condemnation.
The rel'us.v of the Government to protect the property of residents
of Delta by compelling Hie Railway Company to provide  fences  and
[ cattle guards acco-dhi... io, law ought to be condemned.
Complete- dissolntion of the McBride Government is imminent,
I ifrtaa ct.r ov.-u Corresp9n_e���t.}- _
i one minister having voluntanh- resigned and one forced out.
j    Shortreed,   Dec.   26.-I   arrivtdj Tbe best intea-sts of thfe District, as1 well as of the whole of the
jho.oamo.th aco_aad found ev- Province, would be sern : by a change of Government,
erythiig ia a more prcsp.roa. state; 1 haym been gelected ,0 C0Mtest thjs n.s.ri,, jn 0ppositiotl t��� the
t'he private affairs of Tiik D-fi.TA j <h��n when   I  went  away last fsill. | j__ic]__ride Government.
If electe : I shall work !
The Opposition are pled]
at once to the old la ,\-
f am in favor oi assistin.
system of roads as far      the resomrce
I will do ev-eryihiug 511 mv ) owcr to secure
Sinv Westn-.iiis.er biridge,
r- to secut    connection between Westham Island
d w
We TTodd ask Mr. MacKenzie
the fo!io..ing .juestien, in .'.aswer
to his voinwineus accusations
against Mr. Manlt-y, Typesetter 01
T_ar; DiiLTA Tzmks: If he did mat
Influence the foreclefii*g of �� mort-
jage against this paper, why [did
he say, "Well, we have clastd The
T.mics l)__5<_e ti��, end v.e'M have i
��.n��ther man in ther.- ss*--,'" tirj
���*er��ls to that effect?
toon were iiit.__uc.-_ i��  rhe late Wc are *ovl  Uokius lorward for
the railroad and tram to come into
nolifiieal  meeting   by   r.   J.   Mac- .7 .      , ,,
! our must nnd cpeu up tut country.
f:er>x.c. his ot-jeci. evidcntlv being I F shirIt>i of laduer. and E. Y.
a vain attempt to make political 1 Grasset, of Ald.rgrov., have secured a railway coatrac..
H, FreemaB's shingle  and  saw-
;"���,  . I the discussion of our pri- ' mil1 attd  *et*r,il  ttoli< where the j cbr^ed ,,;_... ti
1 ��� .'' ,, ; townsite  is  Surveyed, is  doiag   a , ���.������  __,%___
vate  aftairs at a  public  meeting, 1,        .    ..     ,.       ' *  -���'11 enaeai
���wli  aftairs being  M  no peKtical      A  very  enj0vSble evening   was     "'
cousecjuenee, we ujnhesitaliugly say, spent at  South Aldvrjrove school
���hat xvhatever our financial circuni-  house, en the 21st of December, at
ia Christmas  tree  give*   by   Miss
-Port Guichon and   Ladner
Westminster and Vancouver.
Leave Pt. Guichon, 6.30 a.m.    Arrive Vancou yer, 10.20 a.m.
Leave Vancouver,   2.10 p.tn,    Arrive Pt. Guichon, 6.00 p.m.
IMonday, Wednesday and Friday.
Gives   Passengers  four  hours  in   either   Ne.*   vVasc-
minster or Vancouver.
New   Freight   Tariff  effective    Septemher    5th,   '06.
Greatly Reduced Rates      For particulars apply to
Agent, Port Guichon.
Sufficient Cars will be furnished without delay.
- IIIIIV fill
Incc!p<ir*n- 1*6..
the i-ileit^i.-, ot the District and l'rov-
to repeal the School Act anl revert
e 3,000,000
capital i.ut of our- recent financial
-'ifTiciiltifs.    Whilst we  do not ap-
he Municipalities to rn
ol the Province wil
tin tain a
A General Eankiriff Bussiness Transacted.
abolition of the tolls
f ^OSIiia
Deposits of $1 and upwards received and Inter-
I will endeavor to meet .he Electors lor a full discussion of public| ��S_  AlloV/ed at Highest   Current Rates.
' affairs before thc dav
! Mowbray, of New Westminster, the! _���   ,��� , .
1 candidate.
[.tei.icher.s.and a very popular young!
stances have been we  have  always
andeavored t<> csndti.ct our bnsiiiess.i
iji   a  legitimate  and open manner].   ,.
B-itbout ai>.y violhtion of law.   Can!    Kefl!. estft5e iias advanced iu price
Mr. M_��-_._naie truthfully  say the quite lively of late,
time? ���    *?���*��� Emhree >vas up among the)
tall timber, to-day,. enj,__riug  him*
Election. ' * j
Klectonrt.' agaiu^t heeding all kinds of stories]
I would warn ll
wln.'h are bei;.   -. rculated   11 order to gain votes ,fqr .the Government I    BRANCHES IN  BRITISH COLUMBIA-���Vancouver, Vancouver
The propel piae-. to discuss public questions is on the public East End, Mt. Pleasant,   Granville Street
���Nelson,    Rossland,   Victoria,    Vernon,   Chilliwack
Grand   Forks
Cumberland   and
BOW'�� Till.**.
In reference tc eeulain   minor*
-which  are  being circulated in re-
I shall place the intereM:.
interests of party.
Soliciting four votes, and
Bayside Farm, Delta. P. O.,
December 26th, 1906..
: the District and  Province before the
I'iue.ncc, I am yours truly
R. II. Clash, ot the stall' of the,
Royal Bank, Victoria, has been attached to. t he utaff at Ladaer, while i
spect to the ownership o! this paper _   ,   .
i* r- 1   r    , ^,jr   gutiej. s jaiiimg cpuuttnance,
wet wish t�� state that tt* paper has wiUj in future) be cbgel:v.ed in thJ
net change.! ewnership and will, in I Teller's box. ���
future as .n the past, b* independ-i ,  |
ent in peilitics, st*ea��ily workin2 te ^^y degrees of frost was re i
advance the interests of this com- j gistered en New Year's night while!
munity from, which  _.e  .eceive _��r J Sunday  night  four degrees   more1
' Whilst   wa
i.e   evuleavoring   to
bttrlil up this community it ispf>__7
golicy lor anv citizen, mure especi-
ily one i-s_ irini; te public positioal
to send elsewl:_re for an. inferier |
t*tl-llty ol printing, Wc are j re
f*-_r-.-d to dn all kinds ol job }>rint-
���,��(.'a; reasonable prices and in a
^r-t class wanner
i were chalked up This is begiu-
1 uing to be rather iatereEting for the
Eraser Vallev.
Ni_rseries   &  Seedhouae:
Eddies and Gentlemen l
I beg to submit m*. 114. , .
candidate to represeit W_td K . ai
the forthcoming Municipal Elec
tion. Should yon see fit loeleit
me as your Councillor I will use
'my endeavors to serve the Mu ici
1 pality to the best 1 f my abdi!\
I run,. Ladies and Gentlemen,
Yours respectful .-
W. N. Draper,
Kiiiim ?.i_llar(l Block,R-.w WcstmlnaHr.
i .f Sale or Rent
[ ioperty    known   as    tin-
iles,    Apply at
Nsw Westminster.
���i-M- g_~aagg-5
. ���,-'!
1 Stables -
lhadcyan-tess lor   Pacific   Coa.st
grown  Garden, Field  and  Flower
Seeds thai nre thoroughly tested as!
t.i \ ttatity bpfoj-c offeriog for sale���'
��� _,.;<'.   COUNCIL. ��� that ore subject to gi>ve��itaent in*
spectfoaas to  freedom   Irom  weed]
"ft** intimnied m a previ��us issue seeds.   Samples sent to. intending
fkat, for t-er niii reasons, it was d< ���.' purchasers. 1
..iiable le selpct n  new Reeve.    H.J    f���i'r��'-��� sU,ck '-' HOME GROWN;
A   O.   ;'.   V.
I^elta Lodge, Na  i? meets first
and third Tuesdays of each month
in Oddfellows' Hals.
Thos. T��i>-_. M.W.
T. VV,  KliuiR. Recorder.
J 1 ���   king  and Dray ing.
*'.i -k of all  kiii'ls at-
teudei '.'������ promptly.
J. Nl. Col Unman
L-idnar. _.. e.
  ' I
Toys, Books, Etc.
.    I   .-!.J.-.._-._..-_-_.
V.   Vasejj's uus:  has been meu-
innet t'iion   witk this of*
:s   O
%ce.    We tjefieve tltt.t, wirti experi ]
*'nce, Mr. Vasej- n7il  sw,!
Fruit and  Ortiflnieatal* Trees now
matured for the spring trade.
,3ddr L   .   .       orKs
is, <!>
X-sscsperusi.. loss cr delay of fumi-
gntiOBi o�� itispact-O...
amest]    BEE. SEI'l'LiES, Spray Pumps,
sxcellent ievi.-*'. ^Vil-h the assistance' Sprtwiiig    Material,    Gneeuheiise
ei   HXtV.KlESCl'.n   M1SN   i.rjj Pawits, Cn-t Etowers,
1 H&COU.N'CIL the��e is tsicreasoal
Ui i_��pp_.*t thfii Mr. \fasey  will jo
far wrong.    There will be new men I
ia t! e Cctiiici) but it  is  not. advis-1
..-__������ that there sliotrjd   be a!!, new:
��_*  matter   whether,  w.ej
p,.;l.in.).*, ol   the-
Wi  do. business  on   our   own
grouials���ns) r-eut  to  jiay and aref
jiretsiFed to-meet alt competition.
L*t mr price your list before ploc-
ing your ord*r.    Catalogue Free.    [
r'l    _-5':'- <
men..,  un
agree   tn itli _>ll i's'
JiiU!'w.'il   fit not, we   miist   give the
pcillnts credit fpf being aetiM..-
.XHO Westminster koatf,
IG-, T BAKER, Ladner,
AT ^ ,
ei���*. : .���^^���������srf-'si---*-'-.**..**-*'*****^^ i^m**^r,.*m*/\^'.*+***^+v*m^*j*,*S*^*,f+, mj^jm^. *.*m^*^m ��/^TV
A Rousing Indictment Against the Government
:B Y:
_J.   A.   MACDONALD,   K.O.,
Many Matters of Supreme Importance to the Electors of British Columbia Discussed and the Utter Incompetency of the McBride  Government  Laid   Bare.
j No more striking Illustration of the
, difference in the calibre nf lhe two
I (Rider* In the legislature, or of their
( _ method nr grappling ami dealing with
" public questions, could have been af-
lonI"il Hum Unit witnessed at the
last session of the House, when
tii-- leader of the opposition an-
lyzpil Uie speecii rrom tin* throne, and
wlieh liie leader of tlie government at-
einpicd tQ reply io him. The speech
,luu. .1. A. Macdonald, like all those'he
|i delivers, was analytical���mercilessly
A So���and the lirst minister In his reply
jt attempted only the weakest kind of
i defence. Mr, fctacdonald's speech was
kiii'Ii an excellent commentary on thc
J speech, and his crlltclsms thereon were
J sn trcnchent, that il is reproduced ver-
n batlm.
\ Mr, Macdonald said: I thought that
If 1 should be able lo congratulate my
P friend. Hie fourth member for Van-
J couver, upon one or the be.t speeches
J delivered in _ ii-=- House since I have
* been a member of it. In fact i f.iit
during Hie first part of his .peech that
he  was  saying  a great  deal of  what
We had  been  led  to expert  woul-1 be.
f and which ought to have been, sai.l by
,4 Hia Honor the Lieutenant-Governor in
't the speech from the throne.   That iion-
,* orable   member,   who   has.   Just   taken
I  his  seat,   referred  to  maiters of  real
�� provincial   interest   when   he   was   Ils-
\ cussing the Municipal Act, the protec-
' Jinn of our forests from fires, and other
IiV.iiVk with  which the people of this
province are   in  sympathy  and  which
Ihey have been  expecting the government to deal with during the past sessions    or  this  House.    Unfortunately
the latter part of the honorable member's speech  was taken up in discussing matters   which are of no  Interest
|ho   the   people   of   this  province.    We
have  had   from   time  to  time attacks
made upon the government at Ottawa,
and upon the legislation enacted there
with   regard    to   the   Northwest.   We
hssvvs   .,;.-,..'   ;.- .nil   stump   .-speeches   de-
-  livered,  not alone  by the member for
/ Vancouver, but wc nattered ourselves
.  that to-day his speech  would be con-
I lined  lo matters relating to the prov-
* Ince, and that he would not. break out
��� in  tiie way he lias tliis afternoon.
f .Vow I bad no hesitation, Mr. Speak-
t er, in welcoming to this House, on be-
1 half of the Liberals, our friend the
I preseni member of Albernl. We have
f no Ill-feeling because the electors have
,' seen 111 to elect the gentleman who
now sits in tliis House instead of the
j candidate whom we put before them.
( We feel that when a stranger has been
J elected to this House that, as the rep-
| resenfative of his constituents, he is
I entitled to, and wlll always receive
from this side of the House, the same
Ii  welcome as though he sat on this side
of   the   House,       I   have  the  greatest
pleasure in extending a welcome to our
friend  lhe member for Albernl.    (Ap-
l plausc.)
I .Mr. Speaker. I have no hesitation in
j saying that the task imposed upon the
,/ mover and seconder of the address
^ was one of the most difficult ever Imposed on a member of this House. Because of the different speeches from
tbe throne which I have listened to, I
think It would be difficult to And one
more barren and more unprofitable
than the one read Hie other day. The
only merit the speech can claim Is
that it permits of giving unbounded
scope  to  the  orator's  Imagination.    I
fain only sorry that the mover did not
rio  as  the  seconder did,  and  give  us
,  his own  views  upon public matters.
The  government   takes  great  credit
for the flourishing
i     Condition of the Lumber Industry. .
Now  IT the present  flourishing condition of tlie lumber was due In any way
to any legislature by the government,
;  I should like lo have heard the mover
I or  seconder  explain   how   that    came
I about.    I  have  failed  to  find   It  from
I an Investigation of the legislation, but
T   find   rrom  an   Investigation   or   the
public accoui ts that tlie present taxu-
I tion  borne hy  the lumber Industry    Is
J heavier   than   ever   before.     The   real
explanation of  the  improved condition
or  tlie  lumber   Industry  Is  Ihe  better
price    obtainable   for lumber, and the
enhanced market in the Northwest.
It was also claimed lu a half-hearted sort of way that the present government was responsible for the success and Improvement In the
Fruit-Growing Industry.
Now 1 think that In some sections of
this province���I think In all���that if
the fruit-growers heard that lt had
been claimed that the present government had done anything substantial
towards the success of Industry, there
would be a great deal of amusement.
Take Hie Kootenay district, where the
greatest advances have been made
around Kootenay lake and the Columbia river. There they have made
great strides and hnve their own Fruit
Growers' Association. What do we
ftno>- Alien they applied for some assistance towards the holding of a fruit
fair in Nelson',' That assistance was
refused by thc government, and the
members of this Fruit Growers' Association had themselves to bear the expense of that exhibition of fruit, an
exhibition thai was not only a credit
to those who got it up, but which did
n. great deal Inwards advertising tbe
fruit of Ihe province, not only In {.astern Canada, because the tariff commissioners .were  there   in  Nelson  at  the
1 time, but did a greal deal towards the
] success of the exhibits in London and
the capturing of the prizes awarded
there. No. Mr. .Speaker, the present
government has done nothing, and no
single speaker has so far adverted to
| a single instance In whicli Ihe govern-
I ment has done anything for the assistance of the fruit growing Industry. II
| is true that Mr. Palmer���a man who
! has done more, perhaps, than any
| other man In the province for the In-
j terests of the Industry���lt Is Hue that
I he is an official of llic government.
j Bul he did the work or which we are
; now reaping Hie benelit years and
years ago before Hie present government was In existence. He did the
I work years and years ago, and we are
j just now enjoying the legitimate result
of thnt ivork In the bearing orchards
of this province. Years ago the young
trees were planted, supplied with irrigation, and now that tlie trees have
come to maturity, and that they are
Just beginning to bear fruit, the industry is beginning to receive that
recognition and appreciation wbich it
deserves. It has come to Its present
condition through years of labor and
cultivation, not through anything the
government has done during the past
As to mining, the mover of the address stated that the reason the returns from this source were so much
larger than they had been since 1901
was because the government of this
i province had not touched
The Mining Laws
since they came into power. Well, if
the mover of the address had been in
this House during the last few sessions���more particularly the session
before last���he would have remembered that the premier of the province,
the meinbr for Dewdney, had made
promises after promise that he would
remedy defects in the mining laws
with reference to taxation on minerals
which he declared to be unfair and
prejudicial to the best interests or the
Industry. He made promise after
promise to that effect, and now we
find a supporter of his government
taking credit for the present government because Hie premier had uot carried out his promises made to this
HoiiBe and the people of the province.
We find that the whole ot tlio speech
of His Honor, and that of the mover,
are characteristic of the real author. It
ls simply a sort of commentary addressed to the people of the province
and the members of this House, congratulating them upon this, and congratulating them upon that, subjects
In the main for congratulation. But.
If we are to be congratulated upon
these subjects and upon the prosperity
of tlie province, it is because of the
energy of the people, and because the
people have resources and the capital
to invest in those resources, not because of, T might almost say in spite
of, anything this government lias done
for them.    (Applause..*!
Now If there ls one thing that would
strike one more than another on a
perusal of the speech. It is the manner
in which the government have shirked
the question tbat they have promised
to deal with ever since they came, nay,
I before they came into power. Piio.- to
tlie elections or 1903 we nnd the members  of  the government,  the  premier
1 in particular, going tlirougli the different portions of the province, and
making pledges that as soon as they
were returned to power again. Ihis
question of the encouragement of the
Building  of  Railways
should   be  immediately   taken   up  and
dealt   with.    During the whole of last
session   we   llnd   the   premier   making
promises and  at  the end  of  the  ses-
. sion, as an excuse for bis failure to do
! as   lie   bad   promised,   lie   promised   a
summer session  to deal  witli  the  rail-
I way    question.    Yet   It   is   known    to
- every one lhat. If he had ever any Intention of carrying out bis pledges, lie
has broken away from that  Intention.
' We   Hnd   lhat   he  says  In   Ilie   opening
of  Hie  llilrd  session  that  be  lias  this
to say in reference to the constntctlun
of railways in  this province:    "'bat lie
I hopes  in   the  future.  In   the   near  ru_
lure, it will not he necessary to burden
the people further for the construction
of railways or to alienate any portion
of the public  lands    In    the  form    of
grants or subsidies to railway corporations,   We all hope lhat. Mr. Speaker,
We hope that the potentialities will be
such  as to induce the building of the
railways   without   assistance,   in   fact
that the potentialities will be such that
the people will  not  have to be  taxed,
but  that  the  natural  resources of the
province  will  be sufficient  lo  pay  the
current   expenditure   without   exacting
from   the  people a  further amount   of
money.   We ail hope these things, but
there  ts  not a  single  sentence  in  tiie
speech   Indicating     what     the   government propose to do as regards tlie railway situation,
It    is    well    known���perhaps  better
| known   to the seconder nf the  address
I ���Hint the premier and the members of
i Hie  government,   with   perhaps  une  or
\ two exceptions, were in favor of giving
to  a   large   trans-continental    railway
I corporation   $1.,',00.000    of    the   people's
money for Hie construction of a  rall-
road   which   Is  now   being  constructed
without the assistance of one dollar or
| tlie money of the public.   H was maln-
| ly through Ihe efforts of Hie seconder [cation ofthe children placed under theli
that thai scheme was overthrown, ii
is due to blm and one or two others
now supporting   the   government,    lo
lliein Is duo Hie fact that the province
is not now saddled  with 41 debt of $!,-
charge whether ihey agree with the
law or whether iliey disagree with the
law. II oughl In be carried out, and
they uiiglil to do thoir duty as the
guardians   of   tlm   Interests    of    these
construction, and yel we (liul In this
very minute-of-counci] il Is stated thai
iii addition to the land granted being
a. terminus. II is to be a townsite. II
is not given for railway purposes
alone,  it  is not because it   Is necessary
!>. ._._.;._.;._ <s_.js���.;._.;._-.;._.;._.;._.;._ _.���.__.;._.;._..;._..;
V    V
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J.  A.  MACDONALD.   K. C.
Member for Rossland and Leader of the Opposition in the Provincial Legislature.
10 I
.;. .;.
tr* ���:..;. * *-* .>-*-.>
V ���V V .J�� ���*,��� .Js��� _J. ���*. sjs .*. ,
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.���   ������*   V   *.'*   -*"**"**���*-   ���*���   ���_.   *_*   *.*   V   *.*   *.*   *������   *.*   *.-������*���   ���.*   V*   V    -*   *������    -���   V   ���_��� ��� *v   ��������   ���������
,',00.000 towards the construction of a
railway in Slmllkameen, and that to a
corporation which lias, in all conscience, received enough from the people of Canada, (Applause.)
Credit is also taken because Hie
Government Has a Surplus.
Now  such   credit   might    as    well   be
taken   by  a  robber after  lie  had  relieved his victim of his possessions, be-
j cause he too would have    a    surplus.
j (Laughter.)    Tbe finance minister has
| shown  himself an  expert  at  relieving
i the people of their money and getting
' it  into  the treasury.    If that  is what
Is going to build the province Ihen the
I finance   minister   is   entitled   to   credit
and more.   I think that we will never
build  up  this    province    by  taxation.
Taxation Is not the whole business of
a finance minister.    I admit  that il  is
I a part of his business.   I admit, as far
as  my honorable friend  is  concerned,
that It  is part of his business to inflict
taxation upon the people, but It Is the
business of a statesmanlike minister of
t'nauce to attempt oui  of the valuable
public   resources  of  this    province    lo
��� meet   the  burden  of current   expenditure  Without  heaping  these  additional
: taxes upon  the people.
Nn   reference  Is  to be  found  In   tliis
speecii to ilie
(���school   Act
1 passed during tlie lasl session, which
we then contended was merely s matter of revenue, and was Intended lo
relieve lhe treasury of the province of a
large burden iu connection with llic
schools.   1 presume that my honorable
| friends opposite have followed public
opinion iu regard to that. There is a
strong- Impression from one end of the
province lo the other that that act was
an   Interference  with  the  free  schools
', of British Cclumbia.   It was the boast
i of Hie people of British Columbia up to
the time of the passage of that act
that  we   had    the     freest schools    in
I Canada, tint no child, no matter
where the parents might reside,  need
'lack opportunities for education. It is
now said, and said by trustees and Hie
j reeves of the different rural districts,
that the present act deprives the people of those free schools upon whicli
we prided ourselves. In ill-event
school sections we find Hie trustees resigning and  In  others refusing to act.
| And why is it'.' Is It because these
people are  wrong ln  the position  they
! take and  tlie government  right,  or  is
i It because these people know tlie local
j conditions, and, therefore, know Hie
impossibility of currying mil that act?
I   do  not   for one  moment  approve  of
| the trustees resigning their offices because  they  are  dissatisfied    with    the
I school  act.    I  think  It  Is  the duty  nf
I .the trustees to looH flrst after the edu-
cliildreii by seeing that the best is
made of a bad act. lt is tlie duty of
ibis Mouse after seeing the opposition
raised against that act to come at the
present session of the legislature and
.Repeal That Act.
(applause.)    and  restore to Hie people
tbe free schools of the past
i submit that there should have been
something said in the speech from the
throne with regard to many of the
public questions whicli are now agitating the minds of the people. It has
been a cause of serious complaint that
settlers coming in are unable lo ascertain what lands are open for settlement and what lands are not so open.
I pointed out in other sessions that it
was tbe l/oimden duty of the govern-
; ment to
Have Surveys Mude
| so that  settlers coining   in    would be
able lo gel a  t it le lo  tlie  lands  upon
whicli   they   set I led.    I   find   no   refer-
i ence In  lhe speecii to tbat subject.    1
do mu  llnd  Hie government awake to
���' the  necessity  of  such   a  measure,  although  Ilie  people arc  entirely  awake
| to  tlie   urgent   necessity  existing.    It
, lias been demanded from time to lime
iiiiat  there should  he some systematic
arrangement,   soon-   systematic   plun,
adopted  by  iln- government   so   that
ilies.,  surveys  of  the   land   might  be
Now. Mr. Speaker, credit has been
lakeu by Hie goveruuioni for Hie passage of what has beeu denominated a
mlnulc-nf-ciiincil relating lo the terminus of the Grand Trunk Pacific railway. The mover ol' the address said
that lie was alarmed when he first
heard of it. I will venture to say that
Hie first reports were not in the slightest degree more alarming than the
document itself. The first reports
came out that the government had
sold 10,000 acres of Kaien Island for $1
an acre, but what do we find when the
document comes to hand? We find Hie
government, purporting to act under
powers alleged to be given by section
39 of the Land Act, has undertaken to
give to the Grand Trunk Pacific a
bonus towards the construction of that
road contrary to the provisions of tile
act. 1 have no hesitation in saying
thai the government has done this in
tlie face nml in tile teeth of the statutes of tills province, and the proof
may be found In the minute-of-eounci!
Itself. Section 39 of the Land Act provides that the Lieut.-Govern or in
Council may make grants of public
lands for ininiigralion purposes or
other purposes of public advantage
not being bonuses tor lhe const ruction
of railways. Thei'* is an express prohibition against giving Hie lands for
the purpose    of   enceuraging railway
for the right-of-way, the yards, roundhouses and wharves, but it is given as
a townsite to be sold to you and I and
the rest, to be sold as town lots and
a profit made for the Grand Trunk. Is
that carrying out either the letter or
the spirit of that act? If it is. il is
permissible for the Lieutenant-Gov-
ernor-in-Council to make grants of the
most valuable pieces of land in the
province, and they have granted the
f most valuable piece of land that the
i government had to deal with, they
j have given it to a railway corporation.
[ Fifteen square miles, because that is
what 10,000 acres means, 15 miles of
the choicest piece of land, that which
will be the future metropolis of the
north, tbey have given away, for what?
For a bonus to that road and for the
purpose of securing a profit by selling
the lots to those who choose to buy.
If It is permissible to give away 10.-
000 acres without consulting the people
of this province, or their representatives, the members of this House, then
it is permissible to give every townsite
on the SOO miles of this road in liie
province, and every valuable piece of
land through which the railway passes
to tbe Grand Trunk Railway Company.
Where  Is This Going  lo Stop?
ir  you  can   gtve away every   townslte
from   one   end   of  tbe   province   to   ihe
other, everything which Is of real value
apart from the farming lands, and the
minerals,   and   Hie   timber,   if  ymi   can
give away everything that Is of special
valuo by reason of its position on that
road,   in   the   face   of   the   Land   Act,
where   is   this   going   to   stop?     There
wlll   be  no  necessity   to  come   lo  this
legislature and ask for a bonus, or to !
ask  us  to assent  to giving away  tlie ���
public assets of the province.   All that
wlll  be necessary will be for the Pre- i
mler to declare that it Is to the public
advanlage. and by a mlnute-of-council j
tc give it away for the assisting or encouraging of every railway that conies
1 suppose it  will be denied thai  my ;
position  Is sound,   but  I will  say  this, |
Mr. Speaker, we ha.e au attorney-general,   the   head   of  Hie  legal   profession
iu tliis province, a gentleman of great
learning, 1 would ask him if he Is pre- '
pared  to gei   up  in   his  place  in   this
House and affirm that he will guarantee the mlnute-of-council, and say that
the  government  have    the    power  to -
grant that land, not for terminal facili- !
ties, but  for a townsite���thai  the gov- .
eminent have the right by that minute-
of-council  to give thai valuable town- :
site to the Grand Trunk Railway Com- j
pany     1  say that  if be wlll get  up in
j ills place, and declare thai  it Is in ac- ;
cordance  with   the    statute    which   it ���
purports to follow, 1 Will challenge bim |
to go before  the courts of thi*  pi'ov- i
incc. or tlie highest conns in the Empire, and test Hie question. In his own
position of attorney-general li" can
test the question tin himself, and can
: fin.I mil whether or nol ii .-an be Bald
thai Hie giving nl ten square miles of
: lhe people's land al liu- terminus ol' a
railway for a townslte i" tlie railway
| falls within section 3U ol ihc Land Act.
f have no aoubt thai mj'honorable
friend wlll
Not   Accept   Thai   Challenge.
They have not strictly according in iln-
, mlnuto-of-councll  given   this    land   in
I thr- railway company; they have given
ii   to    Ernest    Victor    Bodwell.    They
have given him fifteen square miles of
land at the terminus for ihe purpose
of  hia  obtaining  the    terminus    being
upon  that  piece  of land.     Why  is this
document  made  out   ii.     Ihc    name of
Ernest Victor Bodwell9   He is the representative of the Grand Trunk, lie appeared as their solicitor, bul  it  Is nm
usual  to  make  out documents  in   tin
name of the solicitor, but  in the name
of the client.    The reason   I   will  leave ;
to   the  members  nf  tliis   House.    Tliis
piece of valuable land   was  lied   up  in
the  hands  of   Ernest   Victor   Bodwell, '
| and those who surrounded  hint  liefore
��� ever the Grand  Trunk were consulted
! about it at all, and it  was for Ernest
Victor  Bodwell   in  obtain   Hie   location
i of Hie terminus upon  these laud.-".    If
be   ,vas acting strictly  for  live  Grand
Truck   there   was     nn     necessity     for
granting Hie land the way  it  was, bul
lie   was  being    placed     in     a   posit inn
���where  be could  get  something  nut   ni
it   I'nr   hihiself   nr   for    his    associate's
apart  from   tlie  Grand    Trunk.    This
land   given   for   the   public   advantage
was not given in Hie Grand Trunk, but
- it  was given  to a
Clique n.   Speculators
to   make  a   profit   mil   nf  it,  and   then
hand it mer in the railway company.
Now ihis act nf giving by minule-of-
council Ihe Ianos of Hie province to a
corporation is merely following out the
j policy inaugurated by tliis government
'��� from  Hie  start,    li   commenced   with
j Hie giving    to    a     feu     favored    indi-
I viduais  of  lands  nu   Kitimaat   harbor, !
whicli  were  nn    reserve.    Tiie    public :
were excluded.    Tlie    ordinary   public, j
I according lo  Hie  notions nf  this  gov-
; eminent,  have no business to get any
: public  lands.    The  land  is  put   under
i reserve and    favorites    come    in,  ami :
! grants are   made    In  them    over    tiie ''
' heads of those really entitled  to them.
! That   was  the  policy  adopted  iu   con- |
' neciion with tbe land at Kitimaat har-
i bur. the same policy of taking the dis-
i posal  of  tlie  public  lands  out:  of  the
j people.
'I'll.- same policy was followed last
session when tbe government came to
deal with tbe
Songhees Reserve.
Tliere is a valuable asset to Hie province, and also to the cily of Victoria.
The  reserve  is  situated  almost  in   tbe
heart of tbe city of Victoria, ami it has
been an eyesore in tlie people oi Victoria for years,    ii  is ��� piece of land
of exceptional  value, and  the government were not  disposed in allow il  to
be dealt with by tliis legislature as Hie
representatives of Hie people.    It   was
i taken out of the control nf Ilie general I
] Land Act  ami  placed  in  the bands of I
i the I'hief Commissioner of Lands and i
' Works or tile  Lieuienant-Governor-in- :
I Council.
Then follows this Kaien island deal.
, I say that there is a steady efforl to
j deal with the assets nf the province i
I without consulting the representatives
of tin. people in this House, 1 hope
that before they go hack in Hie people
for election my honorable friends wll!
come out vovy plainly mil only in regard lo the assistance of railways, bul
also willi regard i.> ihis disposal of
public lands. If the government goej to
ihc country for election without lay-'
ing before tlie people whai it proposes
tn do witli ihc public lands, if the Premier goes In Iln- people claiming thai
wherever, in his opinion, il Is In the ,
public Interest to give a grant nf land
for railway purposes, to give the land
to a railway company nr an Individual,
if In- goes lo ihc ,- luntry win, the Impression abroad that that is his policy,
be will find thai lhe people nf llr
country are not prepared to allow th"
public assets to remain in lhe hands
of the Lleutenant-Governor-in-Cnuncll.
but I hat they will demand that their
representatives be consulted. (Applause.)
The seconder referred to a subject
Which I had intended to dwell upon at
some considerable length. lie bas
deali very ably with It. The subject
is the
Protection of Our Foresls.
from  fire.    II   is stated upon Hie very
besl authority. In fact it cannot be denied that our forests are yearly being
denuded by fires, and lhat  there is no
provision  made  to protect  Hie  timber
from these forest fires,   ll is true-that
a certain number of fire wardens have
been   appointed.    Their  number's    nre
much   too   few,   and   they   are    widely j
scattered,   and   so  are  absolutely   un- j
able   lo   cope   with     the    situation.     I
would  hav.' lieen  pleased  to see some !
reference made in Hie speech to some
project having for  ils object  ihe  proper  1 election   of  these  very   valuable
asse.s.    However, the seconder in ihe '
addiess   lias  dealt   wilh   thai   subjfot, |
and has Bhovi i. himself in so far lo be
more progresah ��� Lhan his leader, lie
has shown that lie lias a larger grasp
nf public affairs uf moment than tlie
gentleman  who is responsible for  ihe
preparatl f   lie- speech from    the
I do imi w isli to close wil limn snnie
reference in the improved conditions in
tin- mining sections of in- province. It
If quite inn- thai v.-- have Increased iu
prosperity throughout the mining sections .if Ihc province. 1 have always
in.'l the mosl enduring faith in Ihe
mineral resources of British Columbia ;
I have always he] the most enduring
faith in ���.!:������ energj and courage of the
people engaged in mining to make that
Industry a su,, ess. Il is true that for
two rn- throe years past we have been
Minvi-in.; nn.hi- ;, depression; ii has
been suffering from low prices caused
by iln- reaction from ihc unhealthy
boom thai i'"ilv place some years ago.
That is passing away, and Hie price ,,.
metals has pom- up. We find copper
anil silver higher than eight years ago.
lead above the bounty price, and zinc
up m a price never reached in Hie past.
. 'I'll-- attempt on the pari uf tin- mover
m' ihe address to attribute Hie present
prosperity to the government is absurd
; on the face of ii. Take Ihe facts, when
Hie metal has gol  up lo a price where
; there  is a  profit, every cent,  yes and
! every half cenl, every fraction of a
cent, makes a difference and puts up
the profit. When ive find, as in the
case nf copper, the price advanced
from He. to 17c.. one can easily understand Hm Immense Impetus the Increased price or metals lias given to
liu- industry. VVhal is true of copper
is true of lead, zinc nnd other metals.
There is another matter in connection  witli  mining i i which   I  trust  I
, shall   not   be   accused   of  egotism   ii'   I
I refer, li will in- remembered thai a
bill  was introduced into tbe House by
J the   honorable   member   for   Nanaimo,
having for  its object  the reduction  nf
Working Hours in Smelters
from !_' hours In s. That hill was defeated in this House, and while it was
up for discussion I took occasion lo
refer to the condition "f tbe mining industry as just recovering from a period
of depression. I pointed oui to Ihe
minister of mines thai while 1 could
not, and would not. agree to the continuance of a system which cnmpelleil
a man to work for 1. hours. 1 thuught
the time inopportune to encourage or
precipitate a strike througirfiu. the.
province. It was intended by lhat In'.'.
that the eight-hour iaw should uot
come into fmec I'm ;i year. I pointed
out that during thai year of grace
given to the employers it was quite
feasible thai the employers and employed should come together and arrange schedule of hours satisfactory
to both, and thereby avoid the loss of
another industrial strike which would
have been a loss lo Hie owners, and
meant serious loss i.. iln- wurkingmen
ami Hie merchants depending on the
prosperity of the industry. 1 am glad
lo say thai since w.- have met here
such a meeting nf tbe employers and
employed has been held, and the result
has been satisfactory, i lake no great
credit to myself for my efforts in this
direction because I think il is the duty
of every public man tn endeavor to
ameliorate such conditions. I communicated with the owners of the
smelters and their employees as lo this
question of the reduction ol' the working hours from 1? to S per day. and
suggested thai they should come to a
square understanding on the matter,
and avoid the friction between employers ami employees, which bas done
so much in injure ihc province, I am
glad to say thai my advice was taken,
and  the  result  has been  the
Reduction of the Working Hours
froin I. lo S in every smelter in the upper country, and it was done without
friction between the employers and
employed, sn thai I ii-usi that a matter whicli threatened Hie province in
Hu- gravest way lias now worked itself
mil in a manner satisfactory to all
In conclusion, Mr. Speaker, let me
say thai I think every member of this
House will experience a feeling of re-
grel at nol seeing our friend W. W. B.
Mclnnes in his accustomed place. You
mi Hie other side disagreed witb him
i.i politics, bm I think you win join
"ilii us in a hearty feeling of regret
lhat he lias ceased lo he a member of
this House. We have lost his pleasant,
genial smile, bis eloquence and his
genius���a loss alike io tlie province at
large and to this  House.    He has, and
II is a matter for congratulation, been
appointed to a higher position, and I
don't think that Hie reference made by
Hie mover to the address that the last
two occupants nf his seat had received
what he termed "fat jobs" can he
fairly applied In the apopliitineni of
our old friend, W. W. B. Mclnnes.
That be is worthy of the olliee to which
be was appointed none of us win deny.
Since bis appointment he has done
much towards llic Improv.tni.iH of
matters in lh" Yukon, and !' it ..cn'm.
future lime, after his period of office
has expired, he should retur.i ti, t])r,
province. I have no doubt that wn
will welcome Mr. MelnrieH 'hi i, as n
member nf tliis limine. . App _,l;. (',
during whicli ilu- limiorabl,. piupb. r
rs.-iuocil hi.'-. s.-al.) FULL TEXT OF THE
Able Resume of the Evidence and Findings of
Messrs. Macdonald and Paterson Thereon
--Government's Course Exposed.
The full report of the minority of the
Kaien  Island  investigating committee,
which is causing the government such
distress of mind, and which caused a
display of temper by the premier last
night, is herewith printed:
To the Speaker of the Legislative As- I
sembly of the Province   of   British ;
Sir,���We,  the  minority of your  spe- j
rial committee    appointed    to    inquire
into  all  matters   connected   with    the
alienation by the crown of 10,000 acres i
of land on Kaien Island, beg leave to J
That by  an  order  in  council,  dated i
the 12th day of October, 1891, a reserve |
was placed    upon    a    portion    of    the
Tslmpshean Peninsula, which reads as j
Reserve���Coast District.
Notice is hereby given that all the
vacant crown land which is situated
on the Tslmpshean Peninsula, and
which lies to the north of a line drawn
due west from the head of Work Channel, is reserved from sale or pre-emption until further notice.
Chief Commisisoner of Lands and
A large number of applications for
land on Kaien Island by the holders
of South African war script were refused by Hon. R. P. Green, chief commissioner of lands and works, on the
plea that the said reserve covered a
portion of Kaien Island.
The excuse given for this contention
was that the government of the day In
1891 were under the Impression that
what Is now known as Kaien Island
was part of the peninsula, in other
words that the island at that time was
not known to exist.
In support of this contention Mr.
Gore, late surveyor general, and who
was deputy commissioner of lands and
works in 1891, and connected with the
department for many years anterior
to that time, was called to testify before your select committee. Mr. Gore
produced an old admiralty chart made
in 1867, which, however, was not official. In support of the above contention, but on careful examination of
this chart it appears that while neither
Kaien Island nor other islands were
traced upon it, yet unexplored channels are Indicated, showing that the
chart was not intended to show more
than the general outline of the coast
without particular reference to the islands. Moreover, another copy of the
same chart, which has been in use in
the department for many years as a
working plan or map of the north
coast, was brought up from the department, and this shows many reserves marked out upon it by the department, and also shows Kaien Island traced in blue ink. Mr. McKay,
the present surveyor general, informed your select committee that Kaien
Island was so marked out at least
four or Ave years ago, and perhaps
Mr. McKay also produced what is
known as "Amended Decision No. 2,"
a document relating to the boundaries
of the Tslmpshean Indian reserve, prepared by Mr. P. O'Rielly, then Indian
reserve commissioner, and which distinctly mentions Kaien Island. This
document Is dated in 1896, and was
filed in the department in the same
Following the said document Mr.
McKay produced the field notes and
the sketch map of the said Indian reserve, also filed In the department.
The survey, according to the field
notes, was commenced in September,
IS87, and both the field notes and the
sketch map distinctly mention and
show Kaien Island, or a portion of it.
On the outside cover of the field book
Is written in large letters the following:
"Eimshian Indian reserve duplicate
field book No. 8 contents, 19-92 Kaien
Island, part of reserve No. 2."
This field book was filed in the department on the 3rd of February, 1892,
after the survey was approved and accepted by Mr. Vernon. The Indian reserve covers a portion of Kaien Island,
but not the 10,000 acres granted the
Grand Trunk Pacific.
In the face of these facts It is not
conceivable that the Lieutenant-Governor in council was not well aware of
the details of so important a matter as
the delimitation of the Indian reserve,
the largest in the province, or that the
ministers of that day had something
different In their minds to that which
they clearly expressed In the order ln
council creating the provincial reserve
of 1891, above recited.
Application Under South African War
Aa far as the evidepce before yjur
select committee shows, the flrst application for land on Kaien Island is
dated in October, 1903, and was filed
In the department of lands and works
on the 29th of October, 1903. A large
number of other applications followed
later, a number of thsro In March, 1904,
and amongst   theBe one by  Harold M.
Duly,   who   was  an ig  the   volunteers
who w,nt to Soulh Africa. There was
also mie application by the owner of a
mineral claim under the provisions of
Hi-, Mineral Act. All these applii 'tions
were refused by the chief commissioner of lands and works on the pretence
thai the lands were under reserve, created by the before mentioned n serve
of 1891.
Apart altogether from the documents
in the surveyor general's office, above
referred to, we think the chief commissioner of lands and works should have
given   the   ordinary  Interpretation    to
the words creating the reserve of 1891.
That reserve    applies    specifically    to
lands  on   the  peninsula    and    not    to
J lands on contiguous islands.
; Messrs. Bodwell, Anderson and Larsen.
The evidence before your selecl com-
j mittee was that in the summer or fall
! of 1903.   Messrs.  James  Anderson  and
' Peter   Larsen   conceived   a   scheme   to
! obtain  for    speculative    purposes    the
I land  most    suitable    for    tne    Grand
j Trunk Pacific Company's western terminus, and for a town site there.   Mr.
E. V. Bodwell was connected with the
j scheme,  but claims that  he  was act-
j ing simply  as  Mr.  Larsen's  solicitor.
I Mr.  Bodwell  and  Mr.  Anderson    had
j several    conversations    with    Premier
I McBride and with Hon.  R.  F. Green,
chief    commissioner     of    lands     and
works,   which   led   up   to  a    proposal
which  Mr.   Bodwell put  in   writing in
Hie form of a letter to the chief commissioner,  dated  the 19th  of January,
1904, in which Mr. Bodwell says:
"From inquiries which I have naused
to bc made I understand that a tract
of suitable land can be obtained from
the crown lands surrounding Tuck's
Inlent, on the Tslmpshean Peninsula,
which are now covered by a reserve. I
suggest that my clients form a company to acquire these lands, says 10,000
acres, including foreshores and waterfront, in blocks, of not less than one
half mile square. A grant of the lands
to be made by the crown to the company, and the latter undertaking to
negotiate with the Grand Trunk Pacific for the establishment of their
western terminus, subject to the following conditions":
The letter then contains an offer of
$1 an acre for the land, and that if the
company fail to secure the western
terminus to be established on these
lands within twelve months, the land
shall revert to the crown, and the
company shall have no claim against
the government for the expenses of
surveying, etc., but the government
shall refund the $1 an acre. Then follows this paragraph:
"The company will, if required by
the government, deposit a reasonable
sum as a guarantee of good faith, and
are prepared to give you in confidence
certain assurances of their ability to
carry out the negotiations which they
have indicated, and to perforin any
covenants which they may undertake
in the premises."
In the same letter appears tbis statement:
"The company will not bind itself to
procure the establishment of the terminus on the site selected, hut wlll
guarantee to use its very best efforts
in that behalf, and will pledge itself
not to dispose of the lands or nny part
of them for any other purpose whatever,"
This proposal of Mr. Bodwell was
freely discussed by Mr. Bodwell, Mr.
Anderson and others in the scheme,with
the chief commissioner and with the
premier. The character of these discussions may not unfairly be indicated by quotations from the evidence of
Mr. McBride and Mr. Green. Speaking of conversations with Mr. Ilodwell
on the subject, Mr. Green says:
"My recollection is that ii was not
more than two or three weeks before
the date of the letter of the 1:1th of
Q. Had you nn word at all with Mr.
Anderson before you met Mr. Bodwell
in connection with the transaction?
A, No talk or conversation with Mr.
Anderson till after I had talked witli
Mr, Bodwell.
Q. Did  you  have   any   conversation
with  Mr.  Anderson before the 19th of
January, 1904?
A. Is that the date of the letter?
Q. Yes.
A. Well I do not recollect of It at all.
Q. Mr. Anderson Is a married man,
isn't he?
A. I guess so.
Q. Now, did you ever have any talk
with Mrs.  Anderson about this Kaien
Island matter?
A. No.
Q. You did not?
A. No.
Q. In  any shape or form?
A. No.
Q. That is to say you hnd never
spoken to her about it and she has
never spoken  to you about it?
A. She may have spoken to me ln a
casual way about lt.
Q. No,  but long before this matter
came up, ln the beglnlnng of 1904?
A. She may have spoken to me.
Mr.  Green  then says:
"I  want  to  answer the  questions  I
am asked as fairly - artft.accurately   as
possible,   and   I  will  say  that  I  have
been  spoken   to on  this matter by    a
great many people In a jocular or enquiring way,  and any conversations I
have  had   with   Mrs.  Anderson    were
conversations  of this descriptions"
Q, Well, where, did these   pon^rsa-
tioni take place that you had with her
In a jocular or enquiring way.'
A. I do not know that they ever took
place, but if they did take place It was
r'ither on the street or at Mr. Anderson's bouse.
Air. McBride said:
<._. I suppose Mr. Bodweli's verbal
proposal wus somewhat similar to the
proposal he aftrewards reduced to
writing, or ls your memory definite
enough to say?
A. I cannot say. It likely was, however.
Mr.   Bodweli's   proposal   was,   as   he
says   himself,   substantially    accepted,
and it was arranged to keep the matter secret, and Mr. Anderson was sent
up  north   to  have    some    preliminary
surveys made to designate the lands so
that    the    order-in-couneil    could    be
Mr.  Bodwell  examined  on  this said:
Q. And how long after    that    letter
was written to the chief commissioner,
and was in his hands, did    you   have
your next interview with the premier
or with the chief commissioner?
A.. It was very shortly after.
Q. And the terms of this letter were
practically agreed to then?
A. Substantially. I do not think the
order-in-council was drawn up, but it
was practically agreed in accord 'nee
with that letter that the project would
go through.
Q. What do you mean by saying
shortly afterwards?
A. Some time after, probably two
Mr. Bodwell further stated as follows:
"The order-in-council was not drawn
up then, although the terms wero settled. There were reasons why that was
not done. I know what was in my
own mind; I thought it better that the
matter should not be made a matter
of remark at that time because the
Grand Trunk Pacific engineers were
being followed around step by step
wherever they went . . . And if the
newspapers published the fact that an
order-in-council had been passed there
would be a great pressure brought to
bear on the government to lift the reserve. I did not know whether the
government would be able to withstand
that pressure and if not the land would
be staked ail over by individuals."
But again Mr. Bodwell says:
"The lands were designated, and then
the time for the order-in-couneil to be
passed had arrived according to our
arrangement with the government."
So that it appears that from the very
..beginning the government were well
aware of the real nature of the transaction and were parties to it.
A most extraordinary statement appears ln Mr. Bodweli's evidence, and
which no member of the government
has attempted to explain away. This
is what Mr. Bodwell stated, speaking
of the other places at which the Grand
Trunk Pacific Company might establish their townsite:
"That if the company had not settled
on any terminus it was evident these
other places would offer an inducement, and if the Grand Trunk Pacific
could make an arrangement with the
government they would be more likely
to go there than to Port Simpson,
other things being equal, if they could
have a good proposition from the government. If Mr. Green did not know
I told him, but I think he knew it. Any
way I think it was common ground, at
any rate between us, that Mr. Larsen
stood on very good terms with most of
the large corporations, that he was a
large railway contractor, and that I
thought that If anybody could bring the
company and the government together
on favorable terms that he would be
able to do it.
Tlie meaning of this is perfectly obvious, the friend of powerful corporations and the large railway contractor
was to be the middle man between the
Grand Trunk Pacific and tbe government, and this was common ground
between Mr. Green and Mr. Bodwell.
The evidence ls most curious and
conflicting, According to Mr. Anderson, he and Larsen were In a joint
speculation for their own benefit with
Mr. Bodwell as their solicitor. Here
is what Anderson says:
Q. What was there ln it for you?
A. Simply the speculative part that
I was to go up there and take an interest.
Q. So that he and you came  to the
conclusion  that  lt  would    be    a good
chance for a speculation?
A. Yes.
On the other hand it ls represented
that Larsen did not want to make
anything out of the scheme, excepting
that he wanted to get on friendly
terms with the Grand Trunk Pacific.
Here is Mr. Bodweli's conception of
Mr. Larsen's position.
"Mr. Larsen and I discussed the
thing frankly, and his idea always was
not to try and make a profit out of
this deal. He was too far-sighted for
In the same connection Mr. Green
Q. Did you know that Mr. Larsen
was to do all this for the purpose of
getting on friendly terms with the
Grand  Trunk Pacific?
A. I may have known it, but I have
no recollection of    Mr.  Bodwell    mentioning that to me.
Mr.  Bodwell again  says:
for the government and a satisfactory
arrangement for the company and Mr.
Larsen considered that if he did that
he would form a connection of friendly
association which would be a very
great advantage to him ln the future."
But the strangest part of all ls the
philanthrophy of Mr. Bodwell. Here is
what he says:
"As far as I was concerned I had no
Interest at all except that I was glad
to be connected with a transaction of
that kind because it brought me into
close connection with the Grand Trunk
Pacific Railway Company. The Grand
Trunk Pacific would have paid me had
I been their solicitor In the matter, but
I was not their solicitor, and I had no
bill against them. In so far as Mr.
Larsen is concerned I did a great deal
of business for him, and as a matter
of fact I did not render him any bill
in the matter, and really I am out of
pocket for disbursements."
Members of the government when
called to testify before your select
committee took the ground that tbey
declined to deal with these speculators,
but had Insisted on dealing directly
with the Grand Trunk Pacific Company.
They are forced lo admit .'.hat they
knew Mr. Bodwell was In the beginning
mil acting for the Grand Trunk Pacific
Company ,hut as stated In his letier of
the 19th January for some persot.s
other than the Grand Trunk Pgr'Ub
Company, whom he denominated "my
clients," and who were to endeavor to
induce Hie Grand Trunk Pacifie Company to establish its terminus on Kaien
They are forced to admit that the
government had no communications
whether verbal or written with the
Grand Trunk Pacific Company.
They say that before passing the
order-in-council giving these lands for
$10,000 Mr. Bodwell showed them a telegram sent by Mr. Hays to Mr. Bodwell,  which  reads as follows:
"Will be glad to have you act on Mr.
Steven's communication in regard i<
Lima harbor in such a way as to fully
protect our rights for the time being
and until definite plans can be determined on without, however, committing us  irrevocably."
At the time this telegram was received, and for a long time afterwards,
Mr.  Bodwell was the solicitor of Lar
sen  and "Anderson,    and    not for  the
Grand Trunk Pacific Company.
On this point Mr. McBride says as
Q. Had you any communication with
the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway Company prior to the 3rd of May?
A. I may have had some correspondence with them, I cannot say.
Q. Or at the time you passed the
order-in-council on the 3rd of May?
A. No letters if they wore not produced.
Q. Neither from the government to
the railway company nor from the
Grand Trunk Pacific to the government?
A. None if they are not produced.
Q. Now where do you find that you
carried out your intention of dealing
direct with the Grand Trunk laclfic
Railway Company?
A. In the order-in-council and in the
crown grant which was afterwards
Q. Still you say you had no communication with the Grand Trunk
Pacific Railway Company?
A. Well, Mr. Bodwell was given to
understand that that was the only way
that the government would deal with
the proposition. The proposition to
establish a townslte tliere was made
by Mr. Bodwell. We treated with Mr.
Bodwell in a confidential way, knowing that he was the representative of
the Grand Trunk Pacific, and having
his word for it, and as he was an
eminent man of standing in the community the government felt that they
had every right to treat with him in
that way.
Q. Then the only communication that
you have seen, or lecelved, varying
Mr. Bodweli's position from that outlined on the 19th of January, and from
which you could assume he was acting
for the company was this telegram of
the 29th of April?
A. Yes, and in addition to that we
have his word of honor, certainly.
And Mr. Green says:
Q. Therefore you had no talk with
any official of the Grand Trunk Pacific
in connection with the transaction, .no
dealing nor bargaining with them at.
A. No; absolutely none.
The evidence we think sufficiently
shows that there never was any real
change in the original speculative
scheme of Anderson and Larsen, before
the passing of the order-in-councll. The
telegram was a mere move in the
game. The whole scheme admittedly
depended from the beginning upon interesting the Grand Trunk Pacific, and
to pretend that the government at any
step dealt directly with the Grand
Trunk Pacific is contrary to the evidence presented before your select
committee, Mr. Anderson's evidence
makes the thing still plainer when he
"Well, you see our idea was clearly
embodied In the letter of the 19th of
January. This land In question was
only to be conveyed by us to the Grand
Trunk Pacific for terminal purposes.
That was our original Idea."
Q. Then Mr. Anderson, I presume you
egarded ibis "shuffle" or whatever you
choose to call it���and 1 am not using
the word "shuffle" In any Improper
sense at all���that was made at the
time the order-in-councll was passed,
naming Mr. Bodwell as the trustee for
the Grand Trunk Pacific was simply
carrying out your original Idea In another way?
A. Yes, practically carrying lt out ln
another way.
Any pretence that Mr. Bodwell was
In any real sense acting for the Grand
Trunk Pacific on the 3rd of May when
the order-in-councll was passed is disposed of by what Mr. Bodwell says
took place between himself and Mr.
Hays in June, 1904. Mr. Bodwell says:
"I would like you to understand, Mr.
Hays, that it was perfectly understood
as far as I know that there was to be
no attempt made to hold up your company at all, and I said there was no
possibility of it. Mr. Hays said, well,
I would like you to advise us In .ne
matter, and I said I cannot act for you
In the matter, I am Mr. Larsen's solicitor, and I think I am going as far
as I have any right to go ln saying
what I do, but I cannot attempt to advise you in the matter at all, because
In   the   situation   which   has   arisen  I
"JJ\he-tleslre wf..j..to pake g, good de^lj c$u.d. nqt jjei-tainly U��inj_.of njlvlflljig the
Grand Trunk Pacific, and I cannot act
as your solicitor, or take anything
from you by way of professional fees
in the matter."
In still further proof of the fact that
the order-in-councll of May 3rd, agreeing to convey the 10,000 acres to Mr.
Bodwell, as alleged trustee for the
Grand Trunk Pacific Company, was only a colorable variation of Bodweli's
original proposal, lt Is shown that Bodwell, Anderson and Larsen went to
Montreal in June following the passage of the order-in-council and that
visit resulted in a written agreement
whereby the Grand Trunk Pacific Company agreed to pay Anderson and Larsen $40,000 for their concession from
the government.
The Hon. Mr. Wilson, attorney-general, took what appears to us to be a
most extraordinary view of the responsibilities of government. He seemed to think that it was a matter of
very little Importance as to whether or
not the government had the power,
under section 39, to make this grant.
He looked upon lt as a matter which
concerned the grantee; and that If the
giantee were willing to take the land
with a cloud upon tlie title, or with no
title at all, It wus no concern of the
If this view were to be taken of the
responsibility of the government, we
are afraid that the people have very
little security against the alienation of
the public domain in a manner never
contemplated by the laws of the province. If grants of this kind can bei
made, either in defiance of the act or
Without earlrlg whether it be In accordance with law or not. the public
lands may be alienated at wlll by the
governor-in-councll without reference
to the legislature to promote all sorts
of schemes for the enrichment of
Section 11 in express terms excludes
the making of such grants by way of
bonus for the construction of railways.
In our opinion, the granting of so
valuable a concession, assuming that
It was to induce the Grand Trunk Pacific to construct the railway to the
particular point In question, viz., Kaien
Island, Is a bonus to a railway and ln
this respect the order-in-councll was
clearly contrary to law. If lt was not
intended as such inducement then
millions worth of property has been
given away for practically nothing.
The evidence before your special
committee proves conclusively that the
members of the government took no
steps whatever to ascertain the potential value of the lands In question, or
to ascertain whether or not these lands
were so situate that in any event the
terminus of the Grand Trunk Pacific
would be established there, owing to
the superior facilities there obtainable,
and to the superiority of Lima Harbor.
This failure to Inquire into the facts
und conditions affecting the value of
these lands to the province, and conditions in the north ls ln striking contrast with the chief commissioner's activity in the south. In Portland for
Instance where, before the general election of 1903, he met Grand Trunk representatives and at Seattle where he
later on met Mr. Peter Larsen.
It Is clear from the evidence that not
one of the ministers was in a position,
either from his own knowledge or from
any investigation made on behalf of
the government, to say whether the
bargain was a good one or not, or to
say whether or not lt was ln the public interest to make such a grant.
This clearly appears from Mr.
Green's evidence:
Q. Had the government, Mr. Green,
made any investigation with regard to
the suitableness of this place for a
town site or for the purposes of a harbor prior to your making the grant of
this land to the Grand Trunk Pacific ?
A. No.
Q. So the government made no Investigation at all ?
A. No.
Q. Well, you know as a public man
and as a business man that the Grand
Trunk Pacific would go to the place
that suited their purposes best and
that they must have a harbor suitable ?
A. Yes, I know that they must have
a harbor suitable.
Q. And knowing that, you made no
Investigation at all as to whether or
not the Grand Trunk Pacific were not
practically bound to go to Kaien Island ?
V. We were perfectly satisfied with
the deal.
The evidence of Mr. Stevens, the
company's engineer, shows that if the
government were not alive to the value of these lands Mr. Stevens was. Mr.
Bodwell stated as follows:
"Mr. Stevens was not Interested in
that matter. What he was interested
in was having the lands appropriated
for a townslte by the company; that
was what he was interested ln. He
was afraid someone else would step in
and get lt. Mr. Stevens was very anxious to have him go on with it, for he
thought Mr. Larsen could do better
than he could."
Beyond a feeble attempt on the part
of the provincial secretary to get a
little higher price per ncre, and the
insertion ln the order-ln-councll, which
by the way, was drafted by Mr. Bodwell, of a claure reserving a quarter-
interest ln the foreshore and platted
blocks, no effort whatever was made by
the government to obtain either in
money or in other terms anything beyond what Messrs. Larsen and Anderson originally offered.
It has been suggested by ministers
who appeared before your committee
that these lands were worth less unless the Grand Trunk Pacific located
there. We think, however, that lands
l'ke these situated on such a harbor
as Lima Harbor is a magnificent asset
ir. Itself. But the peculiarity of the
bargain Is that Messrs. Anderson and
Larsen have played the old dodge with
the province, "Heads we win tails you
lose." If the terminus should go there
they were to get three-fourths of the
townslte, if lt should not go there they
were to get their money back.
A perusal of the evidence will show
a remarkable want of frankness on the
part of nearly all the principal witnesses who testified before your select committee. The production of correspondence and documents were refused by
Mr. Bodwell, and at flrst refused by
Mr. Anderson. Afterwards. c��Jtain
documents were produced of no Special
importance. Important documents
were either lost or destroyed. Neither
Mr. Bodwell nor Mr. Anderson had copies of the agreement made ln Montreal with the Grand Trunk Pacific for
the  payment  of Messrs.  Larsen  and
Anderson of $40,000. Even Anderson's
power of attorney, under which he
signed that agreement, was not produced, he claiming that he returned
it to Mr. Larsen. The telegrams leading up to the one from Mr. Hays to
Mr. Bodwell were not produced to
thow what the proposal was that is
mentioned in Mr. Hays' telegram of
the 29th of April, 1904. The order-in-
council itself was kept a profound secret by those involved, including the
The evidence also discloses the fact
that Anderson received, in March, 1905,
from Larsen, in settlement of their interests in the Kaien Island speculation
and other matters between them In
the north, $10,000 in cash, one-sixteenth
interest in twenty-one scrip locations
on lands contiguous to the said town-
site, and five square miles of coal
lands about 300 miles down the coast.
Without the evidence of Messrs. Larsen and Morse, whose attendance before your select committee we were unable to obtain, the true Inwardness of
the later phases of the transaction
could not be ascertained, but we are
convinced from the evidence as far as
it went, from the concealment only too
plainly evident at every stage of the
transaction, from the concealment
down to the alleged destruction or
abandonment of the $40,000 agreement,
that a good deal more remains undisclosed in connection with the matter
than we have succeeded In revealing
before your select committee.
Credit was claimed by the attorney-
general for a term ln the order-ln-
council providing that the foreshore
should be divided into blocks of not
less than 1,000 feet. The premier also
took credit for this position; but his
own evidence ls the best comment on
this point.   He says:
Q. Did you consider, Mr. McBride,
that it would be a great advantage to
have this foreshore land divided Into
thousand feet blocks ?
A. Yes; we considered that it would
Q. And that it would be better than
dividing lt Into larger blocks ?
A. Yes.
Q. Well, do you consider that there
is any real difference between dividing
them Into one thousand feet blocks,
and dividing them into mile blocks?
A. Yes; we thought it would be giving the province the right to participate in any advantages that would
inure to the people who are Interested
in. shipping and ln these lands along
the water front.
Q. Well, would you not have got that
benefit if it were divided into mile
blocks, just the same?
A. Yes, but a mile is a pretty long
distance of water front.
Q. What difference would that make
if you had a mile?
A. We would have a mile, and they
would have a mile, and their wharves
would be a long distance away from us
and we would not participate in the
same advantages.
Mr. Ross:
Q. They  would  have  three  miles  if
you had one ?
A. Yes; one and three.
Mr. Ross:
Q. But there is another way of looking at It, if they selected one in four,
that would mean that the company
might have their wharves three miles
away from the government's land?
Showing that had the public interests been looked after in this matter
of foreshore rights, the order in council would have provided that the
waterfront should be divided into
blocks of not more than 1,000 feet, Instead of as it now provides, Into blocks
of not less than 1,000 feet.
The evidence of the attorney-general discloses a remarkable circumstance.
Messrs. Bodwell, Anderson and Larsen were confronted with two serious
legal obstacles to the success of their
First, it was necessary to exclude the
public from the lands. Secondly, an
application to the legislature must be
It was therefore   necessary   in   the
flrst to get a ruling that   a   reserve
which in plain terms applied    to    the
Tslmpshean Peninsula only should be
stretched across on to the island.   One
would expect the attorney-general, the
legal adviser of his colleagues,  would
be at once consulted and his interpretation of {he order creating the    reserve taken.
Mr. Wilson was asked:
Q. Well,  if any doubt arose as    to
the construction of an order in council  creating a reserve,  wouldn't  you,
acting as  attorney-general,  be  called
upon to construe that order ln council?
A.'That one you have just read?
Q. Yes.
A. I don't think I was.    I do not remember ever having been asked about
lt, or that I have ever seen that notice before.
On the second point, Mr. Wilson
"All I will say is that generally ln
my opinion I considered we had power to make that contract."
Q. Will you answer the question?
A. It was open to some doubt whether there was power to make the
Q. (Interrupting)  Will  you flrst  answer my question, Mr. Wilson?
A. I do not think I can.
Q. No  I don't wont  you  to  go  into
that, just answer it yes or no���surely
you can do that?
A. I will put It in that way as an Illustration. Supposing now that I was
acting as uollcitors for the vendor, and
the purchaser's solicitor chooses to accept the title, which may, or may not
have had some defect ln it���he chooses
to accept it, and I am inclined to
think that my client is making a good
bargain, then I will say "All right, go
ahead and make the contract."
Q. Surely you wlll not place the public trust reposed in you as a member
of the cabinet on any such basis as
A. I say, Mr. Macdonald, that there
ls material enough In that section to
advise the Lieutenant-Governor ln
council that he has power to make the
grant. It ls open possibly to question,
but being open possibly to question, if
the purchaser then choose to accept it
with that doubt in his mind, that is
his business.
The minority of your select committee therefore find as follows
ered    by    the   government   on    their]
merits; but that the same were reject-]
ed under the subterfuge of applyingK.be
reserve of 1891 to said lands contrary!
ti the purport and intention of the or-f
cer-ln-councll creating the same.
3. That the government did not dealj
directly with the Grand Trunk Pacl-i
fie Railway Company, but on the con-i
trary with a band of adventurers (malel
and female)  who applied for the saidl
lands for purely speculative purposes,]
to the knowledge   of the government!!
That the government had no communl-l
cation,  either verbal  or written,  with
any representative of the Grand TrunkJ
Pacific prior to the passing of the or-,
d-r-ln-council of  May,  1904,  and thatl
the telegram of the 29th of April, wasl
a mere move in the game to enable thej
speculators to contend that they could]
carry out  their original    intention ofj
procuring   the  establishment    of    thei
Grand Trunk Pacific terminus on these j
lands,  and  to give  tbe government a
pretence, a very specious one at that,
that they had beard In an indirect way, 1
If not in a direct way, from the Grand .
Trunk Pacific Company.
4. That  by  the  order-in-council  of]
May,  1901,   the  government   placed  in]
the hands of Messrs.    Anderson    and'
Larsen one of the most vnluable public j
a. sets ln the province for barter with
the  Grand   Trunk  Pacific.    And   thnt :
Anderson, shortly after the passing of'
the order-in-councll proceeded to Montreal where he succeeded in getting an j
agreement from the Grand Trunk Pacific to pay himself and Larsen $40,000 J
for t.ie concession which they had obtained  from  Hie  government  by  said ,
cder- n-councll.
5. That no satisfactory evidence was I
offered before your committee showing
the ultimate fate of this $40,000 agreement,'
6. We find that the government had^
io  power  to  make  this  grant,  either
to Messrs. Anderson and Larsen or to ,
the Grand  Trunk Pacific without thej
assent of the legislature, and that the
m'nlsteis wrongly advised His Honor '
Ihe Lleu.enant-Governor and obtained
the order-m-council contrary, both to
the spirit and to the letter of the law.
7. That the government took no
steps whatever to ascertain whether or I
not the grant in question was in the
public interest. That, the ministers
had no knowledge upon which to proceed In deciding that question, and beyond making one or two modifications
in Mr. Bodweli's orginal proposal were
utterly reckless with the rights of the
8. That the provision to divide the
foreshore into blocks of not less than
1,000 feet was a most unwise one and
enables the Grand Trunk Pacific to
divide the foreshore into large blocks,
and after the government had Belected
Its block or blocks to place Its terminals and wharves in such a position/
as to render almost valueless thatrpi."'-
tion of the foreshore belonging to the
9. That by reason of the secrecy
maintained by the government and
Messrs. Larsen and Anderson, the said
Larsen and Anderson and their Immediate associates were enabled to ob-.
tain other lands, Including North and"
South Porpoise Islands, contiguous to
Kaien Island and the proposed railway
line, to the extent of over 3,000 acres.
10. That James Anderson received
from his partner Larsen in settlement
of their interests in Kaien Island and
other advantages in the immediate
neighborhood the sum of $10,000, besides salary and expenses. He also
received one-sixteenth interest in i
North and South Porpoise Ij-lands and
in other lands contiguous to Kaien Island, located by him under South African war script. And also about five
square miles of coal lands some distance down the coast.
All of which is respectfully submitted by the minority of your select committee. 	
The Semi
The London Times Weekly
and either one of the others
For $3.30
A great, chance to obtain England'!
greatest weekly, Brltlsli Columbia's
greatest pnper and a world-renowned
magazine at a bargain. Annual subscriptions only, payable in advance, to
Agent,    the
.    m,   . ...   ,-,     ,    ��� , _ . _   -7 S' Wright,    Canadian
1. That the Provincial reserve, dated, __
12th October, ���lift.l. did hot   extend to [Tim's. Ottawa, Ontario.
Kaien Island and was not Intended i~
t> do.
2. That the applications under _._.
hnd laws of the province, under the
South African War Grant Act and un-
1 der the Mineral Act were not consld- ' T   	
tice is it that the Canadian Pacific
Railway Company must be dealt with
equitably even to the granting of 800,-
000 acres of land which they were not
entitled to under the letter of the law,
we And this Just and equitable government disregarding altogether the equity of the ease, taking advantage of a
technicality to
Prevent a Recount
Mr. Oliver's Masterly Arraignment of the Administration Delivered on the Occasion of
the Budget Debate.
The speecii made by John Oliver, M.
!_>.  P., of Delta, on the budget debate
��� nd of Whloh a condensed account lias
already    appeared  in  the  Times,  wns
acknowledged  to be one of the ablest
presentations   of  the  opposition    case
) heard in the House this session.   It appears ln extended form below:
��� Mr.  Oliver,  rising amidst enthuslas-
I tic applause,    said      Mr.    Speaker,    I
wish to compliment the honorable the
) minister of finance upon the plain and
klueld statement which he has laid before this House in refernce to the finances of the province.   It is a matter
' Ur congratulation, not only to the gov-
, ernment but to the people of the province as a whole   that   the   sacrifices
which  they have been called upon to
make on account of the immense increase in  taxation accompanied by a
. great reduction  tn the expenditure of
public money for roads,    bridges   and
I other public  works, it Is a matter of
congratulation, I *say, that these sacrifices have had some tangible result.
Further, sir,  the minister of finance
Is to be congratulated Inasmuch as he
has not claimed credit to the government for the expansion of the trade of
the Province.   You will notice, sir, that
- one of the chief items of increased revenue  is  that  of the return  from  our
timber resources.    It is within the recollection  of  this  House  that  owning
to the change of the law referring tn
the issuing of timber licenses, a great
Imany speculators were Induced to take
"out (limber licenses, and to hold them
for purposes of speculation.   That, sir,
. Recounts in some measure for the increased  revenue  from  our timber re-
Sources.   Whilst the revenue from this
source has increased    by over $100,000
since the production of   the   financial
, statement of a year ago, yet less than
I $60,000 of this  increase  is  due to  the
legitimate expansion of the timber industry, and that increase is largely due
to the far-seeing immigration policy of
the  Liberal  government    at    Ottawa,
which has resulted ln the filling up of
the Northwest territory.
We have another large increase of
revenue under the head of mineral taxes, but this again is not due to the logl-
f'Innate expansion of the mining industry as it ls largely occasioned by the
increased market value of the copper
and silver produced at our mines and
smelters. It is a matter of congratulation, sir, that these industries have
thrived ln the way they have done because when we come to consider what
the government of the day has done
towards the development of the Immense natural resources of the province it becomes necessary to analyze to
El greater or less extent the public accounts.
Now, sir, taking-the public accounts
for the financial  years 1002-3-4-5,  and
comparing the accounts for those years
what do we find?   We find, sir, that
owing to the fact that the government
assessors   and   collectors    have    been
more diligent In their duties, we have
n slight Increase in the amount of the
revenue tax.    Some proportion of that
Increase Is,  no  doubt,  due  to  the Increase In  population,    but���comparing
the year ending 1905, with    the   year
ending 1903���1 find the increase In the
nmount of revenue tax received to be
equivalent to 10 1-2 per cent., and I find
that during that same period the taxation on real property was increased 39
p. c; the taxation on personal property
was increased 105 per cent., whilst the
taxation on wild land was Increased 42
per cent.   Further, we find that whereas the increase of taxation on wild land
was,   ln   proportion,   larger  than  that
rn real property,  we find the government at the last session of this House
reducing     the     amount      chargeable
against wild land by 20 per cent.     So
that  whilst    tbe    amount  of taxation
ngalnst Improved property has been Increased hy 39 per cent., the tax upon
wild land has now been decreased by
!0, and thus the amount uf the burden
of Increased    taxntlon    borne hy wild
' land Is only   about   one-half   of (ho
amount of the Increased taxation upon
Improved land.    Then, sir, in addition
to the Increases I have mentioned, we
find  the  Income  tax  Increased  by  150
per cent.; we find the mineral tax Increased by 52 per cent., and the taxation on coai and conl licenses has produced a larger revenue by 25 per cent.,
and furthermore  we have a new tax
on  crown granted  mineral claims.     I
Ihlnk, sir, in view of the fact that there
has been an all-round increase in assessed taxation since the present government took office of over 75 per cent.,
nnd that there has been a decrease of
over 40 per cent. In the expenditure nn
reproductive  public    works,    such  as
toads, streets, bridges and wharves, I
think It Is plain that the people of this
province  have    been    called   upon   to
Enormous Sacrifices
bo as to enable the minister of finance
to announce thut he has a substantial
nurplus. I have not had an opportunity of .making a sufficiently searching
examination of the public accounts and
estimates to enable me to criticize
Ihem in detail, but I think, sir, that
I here is little doubt but that the people of the province, ot British Columbia will agree with me when I say
lhat they have had to pay a very high
price Indeed for the privilege of knowing that the finance minister has been
able to announce that he has a surplus.
I thoroughly agree with the honor
able   the   finance   minister us to his
statement as to tlie potentialities of the
Province of British Columbia. Tlie honorable gentleman said that the potentialities of this province were such that
it would necessitate an addition of millions to our present population in order to render possible the proper development of our natural  resources.    I
think, sir, it is a very pertinent question   to  ask  the  honorable  gentleman
what has  he and his colleagues done
to  Induce such  a population  to come
here���such  a population  as he admits
to be desirable and  necessary.    What
has  the government ever done to Induce such a population to come to British Columbia?   If the government realized  their  responsibilities  in  this  regard, it is surely the natural inference
that some steps    had    been  taken to
make known to the outside world the
possibilities of this province; it Is surely a  reasonable  inference    that  there
would   be  reliable  information   distributed throughout the   countries   from
\,���;  i-h  population  might  be  drawn as
to the advantages of this province ln
order   that   their   surpHis   population
might be Induced   to   come here, and
that   their   capitalists   might   be   Induced   to   turn   their   eyes   westward
when    casting     about     for    the    Investment   of   capital.   In   other words,
that    the     government      had     taken
some steps   to   attract   the  two great
needs    of    the     province���population
and capital.   T venture to say to-day,
sir,   thai    the government   has    done
nothing whatever to   meet   these   re-
quiretnenls. Tiie government instead of
taking stoek of the assets of the province, and for the dissemination of tlie
necessary   information   abroad   to   attract population and  capital here, we
find, sir, tbat when people come here in
numbers seeking for knowledge of our
timber lands and other resources, they
are told that they cannot have any information.   They are told "Oo and find
what  you  want,  ant,  then   when  you
come back and tell us, we'll be able to
let you know whether you can have lt
or not."   What have_,they done to encourage  the  development  of  the coal
lands whicli abound in this province ?
Have  they  made  one  single  step  towards providing the transportation necessary  for   the   development   of   this
most valuable asset ?   Have they ever
tried In any way to encourage the capitalist to assist in the development of
our conl and  oil  fields ?    What information is available at the government
offices of such a tendency ns would Induce people to settle on our agricultural lands ?   I have been In the departments and I find that there Isn't a single publication which ls of any practical benefit to intending settlers.     It
is quite true that there nre one or two
pamphlets    published  by  the  government which contain a number of general  statements,  but  there  Is  nothing
upon  which  a  man    seeking  a   home
could rely as  to where    he  would be
likely to find that home.   We find not
only is there no information available
to Intending settlers and home-seekers
In the province, but we find that when
settlers come here and are desirous to
ascertain what lands are open to preemption and settlement, these intending settlers are referred to the Canadian Pacific Railway Company.    Further, when they apply for government
lands, they are
Told to Go and Deal with the Railway
I say, sir, that realizing, ns he does,
the potentialities of the Province of
British Columbia, the finance minister
must have utterly failed to Impress
upon his colleagues the necessity of
taking immediate and definite action to
bring about this most desirable result.
He admits that: the necessity exists,
nnd that being so, It Is to be hoped
thnt the government will take definite
action in the near future.
Turning for a moment to the estimates, it is not my Intention at tills
time to criticize them In detail. It is
a matter of regret that it is a part of
the policy to which tlie government
has coimiilted  itself that
No Money Will Be Available
for expenditure iu municipal districts.
Our trunk roads, those trunk roads
which have been built up at such an
immense cost to the people are to be
allowed to fall into a stale of disrepair. In my own district, the district
which 1 have the honor to represent,
the tru'nk roads which have been built
and kept up at an immense cost to the
people, bave been allowed to fall into
such a state as to be almost impassable. I find, sir, that Barrlston Island,
in Delta district, wliich has been paying taxes to the government for the
past 25 years, and which is not included in tlie municipality, I find, sir, that
not one single dollar of government
money is to be spent upon that portion
of the territory for the purpose of assisting the settlers. That is not because It is not needed; its needs are
many and urgent, but because apparently all the money available was
needed for the district of the president
of the council. I find, sir, that for his
district there ls a large appropriation
evidently for the purpose of bridging
.��__ _.--...
the North Arm.   ^^^^^^^^^^^^_
The president of the council was understood  to demur  but    his    remarks
were Inaudible in the press gallery.
Mr. Oliver: I may be mistaken, but
I find a lnrge sum for that district set
down In the estimates, and it is a fact
which cannot be gainsaid that the dis
friend from Chilliwack represents have
Discriminated Against,
and there is no other reason for this
discrimination so fur as I have been
able to ascertain, other than that these
districts sire represented by members
of the opposition.
There is another matter in connection with these estimates which I deem
worthy of attention:    The government
announces a departure from its previous policy.   While lt Is proposed to increase    the    expenditure     for    roads,
streets  and    bridges  by  $236,000 more
than   the  appropriation   for   that   purpose last year, it is announced that the
government has abandoned its police of
keeping its expenditure within the limits of the revenue.   Because, sir, whilst
the government purpose to Increase the
vote for roads, streets and bridges by
5236.000, they propose to do it by creating a deficit of $265,000 at the end of the
financial  year.      What  does  this  portend?   I think, sir, in view of the fact
tbat we have  had    the provincial organizer    of    the    Conservative    party
dancing attendance upon the ministers
and interviewing the supporters nf the
government day after day in the lobby of the House���
Mr. Ross:    "Name, name."
Mr. Oliver:    I am not addressing the
bor    able member for Fernie nor his
business partner���the    returning    officer.   (Loud laughter and applause.) We
have bad the  collector of votes from
New Westminster here and wc have also had the procurator-general from the
city  of  Vancouver.    Tbe  presence  of
these notorious gentlemen here at one
time,   coupled   with   the   fact  of   this
large  increase   in   the  expenditure  of
public money throughout the province,
I think, sir, portend the
Near Approach of a General Election,
probably     before    this   House   meets
again.   (Cries of dissent from the government side of the House.)   Well, sir,
we have been assured again and again
on tlie floor of this House by the supporters of the government that there
was no intention of bringing on a general election.   We. have been assured of
that time and again, but these repeated confident    assertions only   tend   to
confirm me In the opinion I have formed, and that is:    That, if thc government can see their way clear to take a
snap  verdict  of  the  electors,  as  they
did at the last general election, I say
that if the government  can  see their
way clear to take another snap vote of
the electors, they wlll have no hesitation in bringing on a general election
nt a moment's notice.   In view of these
facts, I think It advisable to review the
past record of the government of the
What do we find ? We find that one
of the flrst acts of the present administration, the House having being dissolved and a date fixed by the Lteuten-
ant-Governor-iii-CounclI for the general election, after the country had
been notified of that date, without any
just or reasonable cause being advanced, the present government hurried on the date of the election and
held it four weeks earlier than the date
originally fixed hy the proper authority and so prevented tbe full and free
discussion ot public matters on which
the public was entitled to and were desirous to be Informed. By that means
the present government secured a snap
verdict of the people in its favor, but
only then by the grace of the member
for Nanalmo were they enabled to retain their place as a government. In
conjunction with the member for Nanaimo and his friends they formulated
nn alliance ns a result of which the
honorable member for Nanalmo became the
Dictator of the Policy
and legislation of tlie government of
the day. In conjunction with their allies the members of the government
have thus been enabled to hold down
their positions to the present day. Sir,
1 say that the conduct of the government ln this respect Is worthy of the
severest censure. Immediately after
inking office we find the premier and
the attorney-general making an election tour all Uirough tlie northern portion of the province, and we find tlie
expenses of these gentlemen while thus
engaged, charged up against the revenue of the country. In other words
the public had to pay the election expenses of these gentlemen, at all events
In so far as the northern portion of
tbe province goes.
Taking events in their order we now
come to the Fernie election. It might
be well, in this connection to refer to
the fact that more ballots were rejected in this place than in any other
place In the province. Taking the Fernie election, we find the business partner of the government candidate appointed returning officer, and we find
that gentleman sending tbo ballot boxes to Victoria the very night of the
election. The returning officer knew
that the Liberal candidate purposed
demanding a recount and yet he took
steps to get the ballot boxes out of his
possession within the least possible
space of time.   We find the member for
Fernie's partner	
Mr. Ross: "I'd like to know where
you get your facts?"
Mr. Oliver: Wa find his business
parner���like a certain lady at a more
recent date���travelling outside the
bounds of the province, so that the
authorities could not get hold of him.
We find this government which gives
out that it is a government of justice
of the ballots, and thus, through the
action of his business partner, the
member for Fernie acquired his seat
and has been holding it from that day
ti; this.    (Applause.)
Passing on from these things, let us
for a moment consider the legislation
passed by the present government. One
of the most Important bills passed by
this  government  was  the Assessment
Act,  1903-4.    You  will no doubt recollect,   sir,   the    determined    opposition
which this measure was subjected to at
the hands of tlie Liberal members on
tbe floor of this House. We pointed out
that the financial condition of tliis province was not in such a state as to re-
ouire legislation of this drastic nature.
What  did   tlie  government   do  then ?
They  more  than    doubled  the tax on
personal property and Income and tbey
almost doubled the tax on real estate.
But, sir, what did Ihey do In the case
of the worklngman who had a few dollars saved and deposited ln tbe savings
tanks ?    This    government,  secure  in
the  support  of   the    self-styled    labor
champion of the province, this government enacted a statute which  confiscated 33 1-3 of the income which  the
worklngman  derived   from  his  hardly
earned  deposit in  the banks.    Out of
every $3 of income which he was drawing for each $100 of his small savings
the   government     enacted   legislation
which transferred $1 to the revenues of
Ihe province.   But not only did they do
that, sir, the government pot only made
this excessive demund.   They went further.   They proposed not only to tax a
man on his stock in trade, on what he
bad got, but they proposed to levy taxation on what he might never get���on
what other people owed him. Sir, when
we  advanced  our objections  to  stringent legislation of this sort, what did
the premier do ?     He   arose   on  the
floor of this House and   delivered   an
oration charging the opposition with a
determination to bankrupt   the   province;   he  declared    that    the    Liberal
members were opposing this legislation
with the sole object of causing the government  to  become  defaulters  ln  the
payment of interest  due  on  the next
15th  December, and,  sooner than  rest
under the stigma of such a charge, the
opposition took up this position:     We
will  wasli our hands  of this measure
Leave the Full Responsibility
for Its enactment In  Its entirety with
the members of the government.    Sir,
at that time the premier made one Important  statement  which after events
showed was not warranted by the situation.   He claimed that the banks demanded the passage of this legislation
before  they were prepared to advance
tbe moneys to tbe government necessary for the discharge of the liabilities
of the province.   What huppened when
this  legislation was duly enacted and
the  banks were  brought face to face
with  their    position,    depositors  were
withdrawing   their   moneys   from   the
banks   and   transferring   them   to the
south  of the boundary line or to the
Eastern   provinces.      Realizing    what
this would mean to the business interest of the province, what did the bankers do?   Why, sir,  they came here to
my honorable friend the finance minister and prevailed    upon  him to allow
that legislation to rest inoperative, and
although the law says that these moneys ln the savings banks shall be taxed, it has never been enforced.    I say,
sir, that the mere fact that representatives of the banks waited upon tbe government and protested against the carrying out nf this law ls sufficient justification for saying that the bankl did
not  demand this  legislation  as stated
by the premier in this House.   Further
we have the finance minister assuring
the  House,  and assuring    deputations
which waited upon him���from the Victoria board of trade amongst others���
that this drastic legislation was absolutely necessary to save the credit of
the province, and then to cap the climax, at the very next session of this
House we find the government bringing  In  an  amending act  to this very
legislation of S3 sections���83 sections to
amend  an act of their own  to which
they claimed  to have given the most
careful    consideration,   but  one  short
year before.    In other   words,    sir,  It
was absolutely necessary for the government to amend nearly every clause
In their own carefully considered legislation when lt was only one year old.
(Applause.)    This    method      of    procedure, the taxing of a man on everything he had and on what he had not,
inised such
    ,  _. .. .s, c. fiu.cinijiciu ot justice
I represent, and the distrjet my   M_) equity, ta feet-so (l.V0t��4 _J?.lu_J>.
A Storm of Indignant Protest
throughout the province that the government sought to tinil some means of
allaying public  opinion.    At  the very
sisine session they passed a vote of $5,-
000 for the purpose of holding a royal
commission  to  tell   them  what to  do.
They  did  that,    sir,    despite  the fact
that the country was paying tlie honorable the finance minister $4,ooo per
annum to Oo that very thing, and further the  province supplied  the honorable gentleman  with  a deputy minister of finance���a skilled accountant ���
and   a   provincial   surveyor  of   taxes,
whose sole business lt Is to understand
and point  out  the  proper system    of
taxation that should be followed. (Applause.)     Notwithstanding    that,    sir,
the government was compelled to appoint a commission composed of practical  business men  to tell them  what
to do.   As to the personnel of this commission, the government appointed two
respectable business men, but, evident
fearful of the practical common sense
of these gentlemen, they also appointed two of the ministers of the crown
for the purpose of watching them. And
what  do  we find  as  a  result  of this
commission,  notwithstanding the precautions of the government?   We find,
sir, the report of the commission practically declaring that  the Assessment
act was  bad in Its    conception    and
needed   mending  to   the   extent  of  83
sections at the very next session of the
House: we find the commission declaring  that   the  government  was  wrong
Iri assessing tne  farmer for  his  produce in addition to his land and perianal property; wrong ln assessing the
worklngman 33 1-3 per cent, of the Income he derived from what money he
might have saved and deposited in the
savings bank, ln fact they found the
goverhmeht   Wrong   ln a great many
-llDO,. I _4tJ___i.tte.L-r_.__---le-_^
the government did in the new Assessment bill of last year was to reduce the
tax on wild land by 20 per cent. They
put a large acreage  of land  formerly
assessed as wild land Into a different
class as timber lands. So that, sir, instead of paying 5 per cent, assessment
uf, wild lands, they now pay but 2 per
cent,   as   timber   lands.     In   addition
we find a large area now assessed as
coal  land and paying but 2 per cent,
instead of 5 per cent, as formerly. But
what do we find as to these coal lands
adjoining  coal  mines ?    We  find  that
the government looked after the   coal
mining  companies    for    they    allowed
every  coal   company   which   had   coal
lands adjoining their mine.    For every
25   cents   paid   in   royalty  the  government exempted one acre of their lands
from being classed as wild lands.    Sir.
although we have no positive information, nor reliable Information, sueb as
the   public   accounts   on   tbis  head,     I
have   not    the   slightest   hesitation   in
saying thai   tlie result   of that  change
will be lo enable the coal companies���
which seem to iie such tin object of hatred to the dictator from Nanalmo, because nf their oppression of tie- work-
Ingman���-It   allows    these   companies,
making  their  millions,   I  say.  sir.   ii
enables Ihem to evade the payment of
taxes on their wild bind.    (Applause,)
Let lis pass from the Assessment act
with iis many amendments, to consider
lhe legislation passed by this government under the bead of Land Acl
amendments. II is within tbe recollection of Ihis House Unit when iln1
government introduced this legislation
deputation after deputation waited
upon tbe government. The hotels of
this city were full with men from nil
portions of the province, groups upon
every street corner discussed adversely
the government proposals, and tbe corridors of this building were crowded
with men
Protesting Against This Legislation.
Legislation, sir, which confiscated
the value of the timber upon crown-
granted lands. We find that the government turned a deaf ear to the petition of these men and positively refused to grant any concession whatever. They insisted on confiscating the
value of this timber. Tbe protest
against this legislation km* nol confined to the large speculator class, so
the appeal was in vain. Take it in
my own district. What was the effect of this proposed legislation ? We
have a large area of lands within lhe
20-mile C. P. R. belt. We find the regulations of the Dominion government
were very liberal towards the settlers
ue they should be. where the difficulty
of clearing land is so great. They
gave every settler a homestead of 160
acres free, and after some little time
they followed that up by a free erift
or the timber on the land. It was absolutely necessary to enable the sel-
tler to clear his land that he should be
in a position to sell the timber and
have the proceeds to clear his homestead. Compare the policy of the Liberal government at Ottawa with that
o_" the Conservative government at Victoria. The government at Ottawa listened to the prayer of the actual set-
tiers on the land and gave them tlie
timber for nothing, and scarcely was
the ink dry on their grants when tbis
government introduced legislation lo
confiscate the whole value of the timber. Deputation after deputation
waited upon the government and laid
these facts before them, and what was
the result ? Tbe government said tbat
they were In a tight place and tbat
they had to do it. Thnt, was tIio
answer these gentlemen received from
the flrst Conservative government nf
British Columbia. Owners of shingle
mills who proposed to manufacture the
timber on these homesteads found that
the effect of the proposed legislation
would be to render their operation Impossible so that the government, by introducing this legislation, would be
closing up these promising Industries.
We found that the effect of the pro.-
posed legislation would be to Impose a
very heavy tax upon the lops cut upon these homesteads, and there was a
proposition made that if these loss
were manufactured in the province
there would be a rebate which would
make the value of timber on homesteads Just the same as that of the
timber on crown lands which had
never had anything done to them In
the shape of Improvement, After all
these deputations had been down here,
the members of them proceeded to
make a canvass of the members of ihis
House. There was no trouble whatever witli the members of the opposition. They, to a man, were unalterably opposed to a policy of confiscation.
To the lasting credit of the member for
New Westminster he told the government���the much vaunted flrst Conservative government of the province of
British Columbia���that while he was
prepared to support the party, he and
others of his colleagues whom he had
consulted were not prepared to arbitrarily confiscate the property of these
land owners. It was owing to the determined stnnd of the opposition, assisted by some three or four of the
government supporters, that tlie government were compelled to recede fiom
the position they had taken up, and
this tax of 50 cents per thousand feet
was reluctantly reduced to 1 cent per
thousand feet. I well recollect the determined attitude taken up by the
finance minister when this question
wns before Ihe House. He first held
out for 50 cents ner cord on shingle
bolts, then he maintained it should be
S5 cents, and then 25 cents, and finally.
itious knowledge, the public accounts
show that the revenue from timber licenses and royalty was considerably
over $100,000. We know, as a matter
of fact, that the increased amount of
timber manufactured, according to the
statement of the minister of finance,
was one hundred million feet, and that
this produced a revenue of not more
than $50,000. But we find that the revenue jumped to an amount considerably over $100,000, showing that the inside knowledge of the speculators enabled them to take up vast areas of
public lands and thus to take full ad-
vanlage of their knowledge of the proposed legislation. Now, sir, what was
that proposed legislation? Licenses
were to be issued from year to year,
and were subject to any increase in
royalties whicli the legislature saw fit
to impose. Then there was another
clause under which holders of timber
licenses   issued  before  the  passing  of
ih t  were lo be given the right  to
renew  their licenses for an additional
period of sixteen years, und fixing the
maximum  royalty  payable under such
renewed licenses at 60 cents per thousand  feet.    When  ynu come to consider
Hi. i   in   the   near   future   it    may    lie
necessary   lo   Increase   tie-   royalty   for
id-  purpose of augmenting tin-    revenue  of 75  cents or $1,   or even  more,
you can easily see the immense advantage  these speculators  liu v.   over    the
ordinary   license   holder.     The   favored j
individuals who,  on  account  of  inside j
information, were enabled to stake off
large areas of our timber lands,  have |
thus added to the value of their bold-
Ings.    When we consider the fact that
it   may   be   foqnd   necessary   (or    lhe
purpose   of   Increasing   tlie   revenue  to
raise this royalty on timber to 75 cents
or even $1, or possibly $2. the immense
speculative value of these licenses can
easily   be   seen,   they   become   a   most
valuable property solely on account of
the   inside  knowledge  obtained  by the
holders.    When this matter was being
threshed out on the floor of tills House,
we had the honorable the third member for Vancouver  declaring   that    It
was good policy to give the speculator
a good chance in the province of British Columbia.   I do not know, sir, what
position that honorable gentleman will
take when next he     solicits   the    suffrages of the electors.    But I do think
that   the  electors   of  British   Columbia
would prefer that these values should
mure to the benefit of the whole people rather than this speculator.
I    think there  is another    point    in
connection with this matter worthy of
our attention.    We  have    a elass    of
timber lands held under leases with a
royalty of  50 cents;   we  have another
class of timber license where the royalty is limited to 60 cents, and we have
a  large  number  of    licenses���new    licenses���where the royalty may be advanced   to  any  sum    this    legislature
sees fit to impose.   I do not think it ls
to  the  best  interests  of  the  province
that this state of affairs should exist.
I say the proper position for the government to take was  to give all    the
licensees    the    opportunity    to    renew
their  licenses  under  the  same  conditions  and   with  the    same    privileges
possessed by those taking out new licenses.   That would have been a sound
policy,   a  good    business    policy,  and
there   is  a  good   deal   of    talk    about
grail ihese dnys.    There should be   no
graft,    nor    should    opportunities    be
given for graft.    I  maintain, sir.  that
it would have been a much better and
more business like policy had the government first  taken  some steps to ascertain   the  extent  and   nature  of  our
timber  resources,  so  that  they  would
have  at  their  disposal   reliable  information  to    lay    before    the capitalist
when he sought to Invest in this pro
Should Have a Uniform System
of dealing with our timber resources,
and it is much to be regretted that
the government have neglected this
opportunity of inaugurating a business
like and straightforward policy in this
connection.    (Applause.)
Then, sir, we have this session numerous amendments to the Land Act.
Judging by their general tenor and by
the speeches made in their support,
we are forced to the conclusion that
this legislation was inspired by the desire nf the chief commissioner of lands
and works to get even with Mr. Emerson, of Vancouver. We find legislation to force the hand logger to return
to lh* primitive methods of fifty years
hack, The hand logger was to be denied the assistance of steam power,
and the hand of time was to be turned
back fifty years or more. That was
the kind of legislation tbe government
sought to Impose upon the province.
We now come to the Loan Act introduced   by  the   government.    Owing  to
financial   position   of   the   govern-
was claimed that it was abso-
lecessary to float a loan for $1,-
It was proposed that that loan
bear Interest at 5 per rent., and
should  be  repayable    in   ten
inept  i
lhat   I' 	
years Iiy yearly instalments.    The op-
positlon   took   the   position     that     the
stringency  ln  the money  market   was
only temporary, and  moved  in amendment  that  It was not  advisable to  issue thc  loan  for a   longer peril
three years, during which time
loan   might   be  issued   for   Ihe
of taking up  the temporary  loan at  a
much more reasonable rnte of Interest,
probably 3 per cent.    Thc government
of the day would not listen to tliis reasonable   proposition.     It   was
out  to  them   that  the  annual   repayment,   coupled   with   the   high   rate  of
sion, sir, I called the attention of thil
House to the fact that this wise and
busInesB-Hke   government  was  paylnf
interest at the rate of 5 per cent, on ar
overdraft of over $300,000, at the garni
time they had in hand $500,000,  whlct;
was only yielding 3 per cent.   In othei
words, owing to their lack of businesi
foresight the government were throwing away    2    per    cent,    on    $300,000
amounting to $6,000 per annum.    I an
glad  to  say  that  this  matter  havln,
been urged upon the finance minister,
and the information given him, he proceeded to act upon It, and he haB sine.
Paid off that overdraft.    If the honorable  gentleman  will  pay more  attention  to  the  information    and    advic.
which he receives from this side of the
House,   if it  should  be  his  good  fortune to make another annual financial
statement,  I  make no doubt but  thai
he  will   be   in  a  better  position   than
j he  is  to-day.    (Applause.)    We    find,
j sir, that the debentures authorized un-
j der  this  Loan  Act  were  issued  some-
! where about March 1st, 1904;   we  find,
according to  lhe public accounts,  that
on the 30th June, 1904, $3:16,000 stood to
the credit   of  the province at  current
account at the Bank of Commerce; we
find on the 31st December, 1904, $402,000
of this money stood to our credit;   we
tinil   lhat  on  the 15th  February,   1906,
$554,000;  on lhe 30th June, 1905, $525,000,
end on the ..1st  December last we And
$622,000   standing  tn    our    credit.       In
other  words,   under this Loan  Act  w��
are paying 5 per cenl on $1,000,000, and
on  an  average  have  $538,000  lying  in
the bank at current account, for which
we receive 2 per cent., a loss of 2  per
cent,   to  the  province,  or  over  $10,000
P<t  annum.     I   think,   sir,   that   If   the
honorable  gentleman,  the minister    of
finance, will take such matters as this
into consideration, he will find himself
in a position to make a more satisfactory  financial  statement  than  he  has
done.     (Applause.)
We were told the other day by the
premier, with his usual truthfulness,
that the Liberals opposed the taxation
of railways, Sir. you can take the
Journals of this House and turn up
the record of that Railway Assessment
Bill, and you will find that that bill
passed Its second reading without any
division of the House. You will And,
sir, that we did not oppose the increased taxation of railways. You will
find. sir. that we did protest emphatically against the discrimination
shown as between one railway and anther. It, was pointed out that some
railways that came within the scope
of this bill would be paying at the
rote of 1 per cent., and some of the
others as high as 38 per cent, of their
gross income taxation. It was pointed out that an equitable government,
a business like government, an intelligent government, would so have drawn
up their legislation as
To Bear Equitably
upon all tbe companies. But who was
it, sir. who drew the attention of the
government to this much needed legislation? Who was it pointed out to
the government of the clay, the necessity of making the railway companies
bear their fair share of the burdens of
the province? Did that suggestion
come, sir, from the government side of
the House? If you will turn to the
journals of the House, sir, for 1903, at
page 56, you will find that it was Mr.
Smith Curtis, at that time and able
Liberal member of this House, a man
who. is known ancl respected throughout the length and breadth of the province, you will find, sir. that It was
I that gentleman who pointed out to the
j occupants of the government benches,
| that the railway companies were not
paying their fair share of taxation. It
was the exposure then made which
led to the Increased taxation of railways. In "'is connection, members of
this Hon ill doubtless cu      _,   "lind
a little by play In which the 7ader nf
the government took pnrt. The pre^*--^
mler was spreading himself on the
floor of this House and patting himself on the back because of his courage
In Introducing this legislation, when
suddenly a page of the House was
seen to hurry out and return accompanied by the
Dictator From Nanaimo.
So soon as the last named takes his
seat he asks the premier, "Have you
received any protests from the railway
companies?" Al once the premier
dives into his pocket, pulls out a yellow paper and reads a protest from
the C. P. R. Sir. tlie honorable gentleman evidently thinks the members on
this side of the House do not appreciate a nice little piece of clap-trap of
that sort. We bave had our eyes opened for some time, and whilst the premier of the privonce and his dictator
from Nanalmo may condescend, we, on
this side of the House, think it beneath our dignity to resort to such
petty tricks. (Applause.)
We now come to the
1 a  new
when It was argued that shingle bolts i interest amounted to $150,000. and tbat
should be treated as ordinary lumber,
he reluctantly consented, and the taxation, ss I said before, Is now 1 cent
per cord and 1 cent per thousand feet.
That is due, sir, entirely tn the action
of the Liberal members of this House.
We next come to the timber license
question. One of the greatest objections to the timber license system was
that licenses were issued from year to
year, and there was no security of
title. The government in 1903-4 enacted legislation, authorizing the Issuing
of licenses for 1, 2, 3. 4 or 5 years. The
fees being paid in a lump sum by this
means, the government secured in one
year moneys which should properly he-
long to the revenue of following years.
Then last year we have the proposition
for an entirely new system of licensing. But what do we find when the
government proposed to give continuity of title for a period of 20 or 21
years?   We find, sir, the timber
Speculators Had Inside Knowledge
of the proposed legislation, and they
were thus enabled to stake off and
acquire licenses for immense areas
owing entirely to their knowledge of
the proposals of the government. [
largely, as,a result of their surre.pt- \
the  result would be that  the govern- i
ment   would   not  have  the  necessary
money   to    lay    out     in     reproductive i
works,   such    as    ronds,     streets    and !
bridges,  as it would be  Impossible    to j
still   maintain  these  and   keep  up  the
instalments   on the loan,  and  wo find j
that the appropriations for these very j
necessary public works have been less
than one half the amount of the former  appropriations.    Sir,     the    position
the opposition then took up was more
than  justified  less than  two
Dyking Act
of last session.    Here again, sir, we on
this side of tlie House were fully alive
to  the  difficulty  of settling  the question,   and   we   were   fully   prepared   to
give  our  support  to    any    reasonable
1  thnn | measure tending to a satisfactory solution of the question.   But, sir. what did
we  find    when     ibis    legislation    was
brought   down'.'    Why.   sir,    the    paid
agent   of speculators    frequenting  the
corridors and  galleries  of  this House.
Furthermore,   when  this  matter came
pointed | ���p  f01. discussion  we  find    this    paid
agent of speculators sitting ln the galleries  nnd  contradicting    a  statement
made on the floor of this House by a
member   of   this   House;   we   find   this
paid agent of speculators vacating the
position  ln  the  galleries  and  denying
that he had uttered the contradiction
and   laying  the  blame  on  some  mys-
i terious person strongly resembling him.
| (Laughter and applause.) We find that
I this bill has added  In  round numbers
$600,000  to  the  burdens  of  the  people.
' This burden has beeu saddled upon the
j people of the province,  and  this  is  _.
bill in the Interest of speculators.   We
In Chllll-
torwnrdx        T ������..  s, . 5'ears  af- j flnd tnig t    b     (h     pos|tlon
crnaias.      l_,ess than  two years after!
the issuing of that loan the munici- | "**, "*llert< ��*e ���<*"*��� ����� ������early an
pality of North Vancouver and the H"? V f^""*' V* ���d?0tl��* vre-
clty of Vancouver borrowed money at j P.9ed Wa" 1S?d cen.t" an.d !n Mat<*<l-l.
4 per cent.   That is to say that a new
municipality wns In a better position
to borrow money than the province of
British Columbia. I say. sir, that under a wiser administration the province of British Columbia would be ln
a position to borrow money at a cheap-
where a portion only of the land is
owned by speculators, the proposed e-
ductlon was 23 per cent.; in Maple riding there was a proposed reduction of
45 per cent.; in Coquitlam, where there
are few settlers, a proposed reduction
of 63 per cent.; in Pitt Meadows, where
er rate than a new municipality, when I "T"6,',8 not#aJ'lnfrle sett'er- t,here '��� *
it  has  a  very   hoavy   debt   as   North
Vancouver already has. I maintain,
sir, thnt the government of this province should, at all events, be able to
do as well as a new and heavily burdened municipality. (Applause.) What
position are we In to-day?   Last sea-
| reduction of 68 per cent. In Cfther
words, the amount of reduction allowed these districts ia In inverse ratio to
the number of bona fide settlers ln the
place.    I characterise this bill aa
A Rank Speculator's bill.
This is government legislation   M he\ half of tlie speculator as opposed to
the bona fide settler on the land. I
would warn the minister of finance
that if he be .really desirous to develop
those  natural  resources    of    w hich   he
t..r to revert to the conditions existing
before the passage of this bill. We
take this position. The resources of
the- province handled in a statesmanlike- way will  provide a  very large  re
claims to have such an exalted opln- | venue, and we take the position that
Ion. then. sir. he must in the future ! all Ahe people of the province have an
follow a very different policy to that ! equail right to participate in the bene-
which has been pursued by the gov- fits accruing from the development of
ernment in the past.    (Applause.) our  natural   resources,  no one    person
We come now. sir. to what-.'    We llnd    being   entliled   lo  more  than    another.
the government introducing last year a
hill entitled "An act to amend and consolidate the School Act." Imagine, sir.
if it be possible for you to do so, the
government calling such a piece of
legislation as Ihis an act to amend anything. We must lay It either to their |
audacity or thedr Ignorance. Anything
worse than the bill of last year is not
to be found In the civilized world outside of Russia. I am surprised thai the
people of Brftlsh Columbia have not
protested more emphatically against it
But. sir. they are a law-abiding people, and knowing that there was but a
short two yeairfl from the passage of
thai bill until tbey would have an opportunity  of
Ftedsess by Constitutional .Means.
ihey are but waiting their opportunity,
and, sir. 1 am much mistaken If they
io nol follow the example set tbeni oy
the Mother Country and wipe tbe government and their School Act out of
existence. What does this bill do? It
reduces 'be .salaries of tlie school
teachers and discriminates against,
ihem: it discriminates against the outlying districts. We find, sir. lhat 76
schools "Ut of 200 positively refused to
vole one single dollar for the purposes
<if iiits act: we find some school districts refusing to elect trustees; we
find oilier districts refusing to supplement the grant: we find many of the
teachers, finding they could get no increase of salary beyond that allowed
by the government, resigned; and we
find that the government actually propose thai these teachers shall not be
allowed to resign their positions until
the end of the school term. The government, sir, Is thus attempting to
dragoon these school teachers so that
they cannot resign, and that in the
province ol' British Columbia. (Ap-
plause). We have been told by Ibe
finance minister that the whole saving
in the cost of education was $13,758 less
lhan lasl year. Sir, the honorable
gentleman proceeded to tell us thai six
months of the year conies In under the
new act, so that the saving for one
year may be taken as something like
$27,000.     We   find   in   the   year    ending
1904 that the vote for education amounted to $441,000;  for the year ending
1905 the vote for education was $44.,-
000���an increase for the year of $;:.000.
1 may say that these figures are taken
from the estimates for tlie different
years and they, therefore, show an estimated saving of $30,000. We find. sir.
that lhe tax on real property tor the
coming year is estimated to produce
$235,0(10; the tax on personal property
to produce $125,000, and tbe tax on wild
land to produce 1100,000. Sir. if you put
one mill on the dollar on these three
items you will find that 11 will result
In a revenue of over $45,000. showing
conclusively that one mill on Ihe dollar
on Ihe assessment roll wll] realise
$15,000 per annum in excess of what
the finance minister claims to be the
amount saved by this act. I submit,
sir, lhat it is
Not a Business Proposition
to disarrange the whole of the legislation   regarding  education,   to  decrease
the  efficiency  of our schools,    to    cut
down  the salaries of  the  teachers, and
eause the widespread discontent wbich
this legislation has caused for the sake
of the saving to the treasury of an impost of one mill  on   the dollar.    Take
this pre-s'i M year; the minister of fin-
jjvsce  has  pointed  out  that  there  is a
" saving  of   $13,750  on   the   six    nionlhs.
Does  this  represent a saving    to    the
people?    Is  it   not  a    fact     that     this
money has still to be provided?   In 124
school  districts  the  deficiency    caused
by this dangerous  system  has got  to
be made good, and the school districts
have to increase the teachers' salaries
over what was formerly found sufficient.    For the  reason   that    under    tlie
provisions of  this  School  Act not one
dollar of the money to be collected will
be available till  next  year,  and  when
you say to a teacher.  "Please to wait
for a part of your salary  until    next
year." it is only right that that salary
should  be  increased as some compensation lor the inconvenience caused by
tbe withholding of a part of the teacher's earnings.    I am  sorry  to see that
my  honorable  friend   the  member for
Nanalmo is not tn his seat, because I
want  to draw  the  attention    of    that
gentleman   to    the    fact     that    school
teachers are just as much dependent on
their earnings as the workers in mines,
and yet  he and his  friends have supported    legislation     which    withholds
from  these  wage earners a  portion  of
their  earnings   for   twelve     months.     I
will  leave  him   to  justify   his  position
tf he can.    Not only does the necessity
to  raise  this additional   money  exist,
bin  there  Is the cost  of assessing and
collecting    bis money in  ibe different
districts,     A'e  find.   sir.   that     In    the
nverage rural school district It is worth
EO per cent, on the dollar to collect this
money.    Then. sir.  what do we find as
another   resull   of   this   hill?     We   find
the  honorable   the  minister   of   finance
coming down here and telling us that
ii  Is necessary to provide $6,500 to pay
Additional assessors, conclusively proving out   or  the  honorable  gentleman's
own   mouth   that   11   will   be   necessary
t" Increase the number of government
efficials in  order to set tills additional
machinery   in   motion,   machinery  crested, sir, by this statute.   I have stated tbat this legislation will
Work Peculiar Hardship
and further that lhe revenue so derived cannot be more equitably expended
than in maintaining a proper educational system, and that the revenue so
derived shiould be expended for the
benefit of. the people as a whole. I
desire, sir. to call your attention to the
fact that this reprehensible legislation
was supported by the so-called Social-
its party in this House, by the dictator
from Nanaimo and his friends, it was
supported by these gentlemen, although 'the., were well aware that lt
Weighed Most  Heavily
on iho poor.tr sections of the prov-noe,
but on accounl nf their compacl with
ihe government of the daj they are
prepared to ilupport this legislation the
principle of uhi.h ihey condemn. They
support it simply because they are carrying out theftr compacl with i!--1 government of ilu' day by doing so, but,
sir. wliai docs the shrewd, lai seeing
member tor Namaiino do? He 'Hetates
to the government. He says: 'I will
support this leaistotlon, bul you must
and .vou shall exempt from its oper-
.iiii.n all the la-adu within the i-squi-
mali ._ Nanalmo railway bell outside
municipalities. It is liacl legislation. I
will support you, bul I wlll nol allow
you in Inflict ii on the district "hich I
represent and ihe district with which
my Interests are bound up." Then,
sir, we have before us a proposition
for the amendment of this legislation.
The government one year ago passed
a bill of I2S sections, and Ihis year they
find it necessary���.fust as they have
done with Hie Aistsessment bill���to
bring down a bill of 67 sec-lions to
amend the bill of 111! sections. That.
sir. Is another example of what the
government calls well considered legislation. This Is lhe class of legislation
which they bad ihe audacslty to iell us
the other day moi with the approval of
the masses of the people. (Applause.)
Tlie premier denounced myself as the
man who had stirred up ail I the I rouble,
but he could not substantiate his statement by one atom of proof. The fact
remains. Ihis legislation which Ihe premier termed "well conceived" now
stands in need of a further bill of 68
sections to amend it. il having been
In operation only a few clays. It is
proposed lo amend this bill so far as
lhe rural municipalities are concerned
by cancelling all school districts and
tbe election of all school trustees, and
by throwing the municipality all into
one school district. I have In my district two municipalities, each 10 miles
in width, and a length of 15 miles.
These municipalities cover an area of
140 to 150 square miles. In each of
wlilch some 15 schools are situated.
These schools are from 13 to tit miles
apart, and some of our roads are such
that it Is impossible to travel them except on a good stout horse. We have
all these schools to be put into the
bauds of five trustees. These gentlemen are supposed lo be so patriotic
that tbey are prepared to devote the
necessary time to attend without re-
muneration to tlie welfare of. the
schools. 1 say. sir. that such a proposal is well worthy of the brain from
which it emanated; it is a proposal
which would do credit to one of lhe Inmates of the government institution at
New Westminister. When it was pointed out that the
on Ihe outlying districts. I have a
communication here, sir, from a man
who is an utter stranger to me. He
says, sir, that the trustees for the
schools of New Denver are about to
borrow money from the Bank of Montreal at 12 per cent, on their personal
note In order to carry on the schools.
Hon. Mr, Fulton: "Good for them!"
Mr. Oliver: The honorable the minister of education says, "good for
Ihem," but I say that any body of
sohool trustees who wlll borrow money
on their personal note for the purpose
nt carrying on the schools committed
lo their care have a great deal more
common sense, more thought for the
public welfare and more business ability than the minister of education or
Ihe government that endorsed Ihis bill.
(Applause.) In this connection, the
Liberals on the floor of this House, sir,
^tke the position that it would be bet-
School Sj stem, Would Inevitably Suffer
through throwing these responsibiities
upon the shoulders of ihese five gentlemen, what did the minister propose?
He proposed instead of having live men
lo work for nothing, to haxe seven men
work for nothing. I cannot see, sir.
his idea in ihis. It was not a matter
of physical exertion; ii was simply a
matter of time and trouble, and I can-
nit see how il would make il any easier
for the original five to give tliem two
additional travelling companions nor
would it make the roads any more passable.    (Applause.)
Let   us   now.  sir.   consider  for a   few
moments what  tlie government    have
done in tbe way of administration. One
of the most Important questions which
came up for-settlement was in connection   with   the   administering    of    the
lands   rescued   from    the    C.   P.  R.   in
Southeast   Kootenay.    What    did  they
do In this regard?    What did they say
to the applicants for prospering licenses?    Tbey   said,   "We'll  give   vou   au
licenses.    You just hand over   $100  in
lawful money of the Dominion of Canada,   and   we'll   give  you  all    licenses
covering lhe whole of these coal and oil
lands.     Whal   has  been  ihe  result.    A
certain   amount   of   revenue   has  found
its way into ihe treasury of the province, and for the benefit of the gentlemen  of   the  ling  mlie  there  has been
raised a   very pretty crop ���f law suits.
The action  of the government  simply
led   to   confusion     worse    confounded.
Such a stale of affairs would not have
been possible If  _c had had a government that would bave first ascertained
Ihe exacl  condition of things anq governed itself accordingly.    As a consequence,   the failure of the government
to  exercise  due-  discretion   lias  led   to
grave hi just ice.    | do not say this was
an easy matter to deal with, hut  there
has   never  yet  heen   ;)   difficulty  which
was not capable of some kind of solution.    That  solution   might, do an   Injustice   to  some,   or    an    injustice    to
others   because    tliere    arc   situations
where it ls not possible to
Do Justice to All.
But when you are face to face with a
situation of this sort. I take il that the
proper solution of the difilculiy is that
one which would do the least amount of
injustice. But In this ease tlie government have issued licenses overlapping
one another; in some cases I have been
Informed, as many as twenty licenses
had been Issued for the same land and
covering lhe same ground. What was
the result? Instead of the country being developed, men who had money
would not come near II. Tbey said, In
effect, we are buying mines and are
willing to lay out our money in such
Investments, but we are nol buying
lawsuits. Furthermore, no title can be
obtained to these lands in respect to
coal or oil, and for thus retarding the
progress of the country I say that the
government is worthy of severe condemnation.    (Applause.)
Then, sir. we have the government of
the day. contrary lo the provisions of
t-ht'   Land   Act,  engaged  in  the swap
ping of lands and behaving like a common huckster. Tbey even went the
length of employing a real estate agent
to give an opinion on the value of
lands. We find them applying to their
own officials, and we find Mr. Skinner,
of Vancouver, a thoroughly competent official of the government, advising against tlie premeditated deal, so
they go and employ a real estate agent.
I say, sir, that his report was made to
fit the exigencies of tlie case, and that
the government simply made an exchange of lands situated between New
Westminsler and Vancouver for swamp
and other lands covered with worthless timber, in the district of Coquit-
lam, at a loss of thousands of dollars
to the province.
Then. sir. take the dealing with the
Lands at Kitimaat
last session. Take the sworn evidence
of the chief commissioner of lands and
works. Who should have known all
about this matter if he did not? II
was in his department, and yet he admits under oath that he only knew of
these transactions going on when ihey
were reported to him hy an outside
party altogether. Here Is a gentleman paid $4,000 a year by lhe province to be the head of his department,
ad yet be has sworn thai he did not
know what was going on In It.
Take the position of the premier himself. We find that he has authorized
grants of land over his own signature
Which he had to admit under oath
ought to be cancelled. We find, owing to the revelations before the Investigating committee that of the land
alienated by the government for the
purposes of the Grand Trunk Railway
one quarter will bring in millions of
dollars to the government. That was
stated by the premier. Is it not plain,
then, that if one quarter
Wil] Bring In Millions.
the other three-quarters wll! bring in
thrice those millions ? We find that
the government of the dny for the paltry sum of one dollar per acre alienated these lands to a group of private
speculators, and we have evidence
that these speculators purposed and
had made an agreement to alienate
them in their turn for a profit of ,40.-
000. Sir, there is a further menace; the
premier did not say. and will not say,
how many more of these secret agreements are In the archives of the government. We, on this side of tlie
House do not know how many of these
Kttimaat-Kalen-Burnaby transactions
are hidden away in the department.
and, sir, it is impossible for us to
imagine. These matters, however, aro
too fresh in the minds of the members
of tlie House to justify me in taking
up time at the present juncture.
I turn now to the position of tlie
minister of mines. It is well known
lhat this province Is rich beyond tlie
dreams of avarice in mineral wealth.
Our Mineral Wealth
has been a surprise to the whole of
the civilized world. Tbe government
were pledged to follow a certain line
of policy when they came to this
House. But. sir, when they were asked to redeem their promises we find
them simply trifling with the representatives of the people. Sir, nothing,
absolutely nothing, has been done by
the minister of mines to redeem his
promises, nothing whatever has been
done during his term of office to develop our vast mineral wealth. (Applause.)
Turn for a moment to the department of the attorney-general and what
do we find ? The honorable the attorney-general is, I regret to say, absent or I had intended to go fully into
his career as attorney-general and to
show the people what kind of chief
law officer of the crown they had. (Applause.)
Take the
Administration of Justice
ir. this province. It has degenerated
into a farce. .Sir, accused criminals
have been sent up for trial and the indictments so drawn up that they did
not meet the offence. As a result, the
trial judge had to sny to the jury that
there was no evidence to lay before
them in support of the charge, In one
case, after this farce had been played,
the culprit had a hack waiting and he
was crossing the boundary line in a
short time. Then came the ridiculous
by-play of an attempt to capture him
after he had had hours of start on Ids
way to the international boundary line.
In this province we have laws for the
protection of the people, but when the
attorney-general is applied to, he says,
"It. ls not for me to take action.'' I
have communication after communication in which this gentleman has been
applied to and In reply he says, "I
will see justice done." In a few days
another communication is received in
whicli he declines to act. For nearly
two years I strove to call his attention
to a glaring injustice in my own constituency. Notwithstanding promise
after promise that matter stands today Just where It did two years ago.
We find the honorable gentleman
taking a nice little journey over to the
Old Country at tbe
Expense of the People
of this province for the purpose of getting a couple of cases set down for
appeal, Travelling as lhe Attorney.
(Ieneral of the Province of British Columbia, it Is beneath the dignity of
the honorable gentleman to travel
without his courtiers. He Is unable to
gc there unless attended by his private secretary and. when he gets back
after settling these two cases for appeal, the province has to foot the bill.
He Is a gentleman of such eminent, legal ability that he thinks he would like
another trip to the Old Country last
year to argue the street ends case between the City of Vancouver and the
C. P. R. Such was the opinion of the
people of Vancouver as to his ability
that, as soon as they heard that the
attorney-general was to argue the case,
they said, "We wash our hands of the
whole affair; if you are going to take
It up, we won' thave anything to do
with It." Well, sir, the honorable gentleman nrjrued the case with such re-
nirkable ability that he secured judgment with costs against his unfortunate clients. (Laughter and applause.)
In addition to that, sir, the Province
of British Columbia will have another
Bill  of Expenses
to settle of $1,500 or $1,600. and probably five or six thousand more, for a
bill of costs for the privilege of having
this legal luminary argue a case before the Privy Council. The honorable
gentlemen Is now enjoying a little trip
to Ottawa on private business. I
think,  sir.  that   when  thc  people   of
the country are called upon to pay a
salary of $4,000 per annum to this honorable gentleman, they are entitled to
his services, and if it be not sufficient
to secure all his time, it would be better to increase his salary in order that
the business of the country may be at
tended to, or to dispense with his ser-
ducements offered by the Dominion
government have led to the production of zinc as a commercial enterprise.
Sir, if we had a wise provincial administration, one of their first acts
would be to take stock of the assets of
tbe province: they would take stock of
the timber resources: they would take
vices altogether, and it is rumored I stock of our coal, and our oil; they
that the honorable gentleman will have ] would take stock of our vast fishing
to adopl the latter alternative in the ; possibilities: they would institute
near future. It is also reported, with i numerous exploratory and instrument-
some show of reason, that there is a i al surveys, so that they would be In
difference between the honorable gen- ' a position to direct intending settlers
tleman and his colleagues as to a mat- , to such lands as they desire. To-day,
ter which relates to the C. P. R. It Is | sir, we are in a worse position as to
a peculiar fact that his absence from j the obtaining of such information as
this legislature tends to the belief that I is required by intending settlers than
there is a solid foundation for this ru-    we  were  when  T flrst arrived  In  this
Sir, I. like the honorable the minister of finance, have unbounded faith
ln the
Potentialities '.. "his Province.
In our climate we have a most valuable asset, an asset which has already
brought many here, and In tlie near
future will bring many more from the
Northwest Territory, which Is not so
blessed. It is the climate which will
induce many to come to this beautiful
Island for the purpose of settling: It
iu the climate which will induce many
to make homes upon the coast of the
mainland. In addition we bave vast
natural resources; we can offer the
greatest facilities for the purposes of
stock raising and agriculture; we are
possessed of great potentialities In the
way of water power for the generating
of electricity and other purposes. At
this poinl, sir, let me make a contrast
between this so-called Conservative
government and the Liberal administration at Ottawa. The government at
Ottawa conducted experiments which
demonstrated that
Smelting of Iron Ores
can be carried on by means of electricity as a commercial enterprise. I
say, sir, that by that one thing alone,
the Liberal government at Ottawa has
done more for the development of our
mineral resources than the Conservatives have done .ince Confederation,
We have large areas which produce
gold,  sliver  and  copper,  and  the    in-
province. some 29 years ago. There
was then more information available
to the intending settler than there Is
to-day. Sir. we should send our surveyors to lay out and obtain information about these lands: steps should
be taken to ascertain their possibilities so as to induce the
Capitalist and the Settler
alike to come in. Then we should be
able to give belli the capitalist and
tlie settler clear titles, and we would
' I not stand for confiscation, as this present government has stood. We would
not have to break faith with those
with whom we made contracts, be
they corporations or private individuals. I say. sir, that we should not
only keep faith, but we should administer the property of the people of the
province as a sacred trust. (Applause.)
By a wise regulation and administration of the affairs of the people of the
province we would raise British Columbia lc, that proud position to which
her vast natural resources entitle her���
the foremost province In this vast Dominion. Thai, sir, Is our policy on this
side of the House, and we feel confident that when the day of a general
election comes, that policy will commend Itself to the people: we have a
just cause, undivided honesty of purpose, and we are confident, sir, that
we will meet with that approbation
from the people to which our policy
entitles us. (Loud and prolonged applause.)
J. A. Macdonald K. C, Tells of tbe Difficulties Which the Opposition Has
Had to Encounter,
The Liberal Association in Vancouver recently took advantage of
the presence of J. A. Macdonald, K. C,
the leader of the opposition in the local
legislature, in that city, and held a
meeting at which Mr. Macdonald reviewed the session. The meeting was
presided over by Uapt. J. Duff Stuart.
In introducting the leader of the opposition the chairman declared that the
minority report in the Kaien Island
matter would justify the phrase used,
"a land of adventurers, male and fe-
mai_." He said that Chas. Wilson has
become so t ick of the government that
lie had get out fiom among them. He
prophesied that the government was
riding tn ;. tail,
J. A. Macdonald's speecii at the
meeting Is reported ln the News-Advertiser as follows:
He said that as there had been some
feeling on the part of .some Liberals
that he had gone through the city several times without seeking to make
himself better acquaintetd, he felt he
could not go back this time without
meeting In the manner in which he was
now meeting the Liberals of the greatest city In British Columbia. (Applause.) He knew tbey were a strenuous lot here, and did not need to go
to the halls of the legislature to find
men who were prepared to make a
vigorous struggle for their own existence.
Proceeding to deal with questions of
politics, he said he did not say the opposition had done good work during
the session just closed; he did not
say that it had done all that It was
possible for Liberals to do in the
House, because a grent many, no
doubt, thought that, to have done the
very best work, they ought to have
turned the government out of power
and got ln themselves, but those who
thought so knew nothing of tbe com-
I (nation the opposition had to face.
There were some Conservatives in lhe
House, represe-ntfttivos of Vancouver,
who made a claim that they were independent, who were inclined lo pose
as independents, and were inclined to
vote against the government when
there was no danger to the government, and pose before the electors as
the Independent representatives of the
people; but whenever it came to a
decisive test, no matter how much
opposed to the interests of Vancouver,
and to their own professed sentiments
and beliefs, these same gentlemen were
always found lined up and voting in
favor of thc McBride government.
Then there were the Socialists, who
were supposed to have principles
which Liberals did not believe in, and
no more did Conservatives; but whenever it came to a question of endangering the existence of the government, the .Socialists were found lining up, becoming the principal supporters of the government, and assisting by their voices and by their
votes In sustaining the government In
power. He referred in particular to
the McGill University bill. While the
bill was in committee of tbe whole, he
said, the .Socialists were found speaking and voting against It. They declared that they believed 11. was not
In the Interests of the people of the
provlnoe. just as tbe Liberals declared
they believed It was an interference
with the existence of the High schools,
and that It tended to keep back the
Cay when the province would have a
university of Its own. They spoke and
voted against It, with the result, according to (he speaker, that It was de-
no reserve, and that the pretence set
up by Mr. Green for refusing South
African volunteers and others was a
mere subterfuge to enable him to deal
with "this band of adventurers, male
and female. Mr. Bodwell was ti; solicitor of the band." He got no fees, he
said, an- was out his disbursements.
This philanthropist, who was never
known to be guilty of philanthropy before, was ln the position of acting
purely from the love of the province,
he supposed, and love of his clients.
It was necessary that two things
should be established���flrst, that there
was a reserve on Kaien Island���because Mr. Anderson said that was a
pretty hard proposition���and they
must next find some means by which
the Lieut.-Governor ln council could
not make this grant. They avoided
the legislature, and they found section
30 of the Land Act, which enabled the
Lieut.-Governor in council to make
free, or partially free grants for purposes of immigration. The whole result of the evidence of the attorney-
general was that his conception of the
responsibility of a minister of the
crown was this: That he did not need
to care whether he went against the
law or not, so long as the purchaser
was prepared lo take a bad title, but
was prepared to advise the Lieut.-Governor to go outside of his province and
do something which was contrary to
It was now recognized thai Lima
harbor was the best harbor on the
west coast of British Columbia, and
the best available for transcontinental
lines like the Grand Trunk and the
Canadian   Northern.   It   was  a   valu
able asset to the province, and he ar-(
gued that the government should hav��i
informed Itself of its value beforvmak-J
ing the bargain.    The government,  h.yl
declared, had no verbal communIeatior"4;
with any official of the company up tt
the time the order was passed, and tin t
only written communication was a telegram from Mr. Hays to Mtr. Bodwelii
asking Mr. Bodwell  to look after th.sl
Interests of the company.   If the ecu  l|
ernment had made    a    good   bargaii
Messrs.  Bodwell    and    Anderson    had
made one five times better.   The speak-1
er also objected to the agreement because the government had not askedt|
the  railway company    to   begin  con-i
struction from this end. tl
Discussing the Columbia & Western >
land grant, he argued that the railway <
company  had  not  fulfilled  the  terms -J
under  which  the grant  was obtained 'j
from   a   previous    administration    by '1
building  from  Rossland  to Penticton. |J
He also referred lo another land grannj
made to the British Columbia Southern
Railway Company in 1880 In which, he
claimed,    the   present    administration
had made no attempt to make the railway  company  observe  the  conditions
on which the grant, was made.
After declaring that he was prepared ���
to fight with the enmity rather than
with the friendship of the Socialists,
the sneaker closed with a reference to
Ms three years' experience of politics
and his appreciation of meetings like'
the one he was addressing.
On motion of F. C. Wade, K. C, arte.
Capt. Hart McHang, a vote of thanks
was tendered Mr. Macdonald and confidence expressed in him and in the
opposition party.
feated hi committee, and once, on a
motion by Hon. Mr. Carter-Cotton, in
the House.; but when it caine to a
test, a juncture when the government
would have been defeated, and if defeated, would have bad to resign, what
were the Socialists found doing? These
same men became the principal champions of tbe government and voted and
carried the measure through.
That was tlie kind of thing th�� opposition had had to contend against.
There never was the slightest danger
to the Conservative administration
from the Socialists. Tbey wanted to
hold their seats and draw their indemnities, and hold thc balance of
power in the House. Why should the
Socialists put the government out?
Were the Socialists fools? Did they
want to surrender the power they
bad? He did not believe tbey would
ever again have In the legislature of
British Columbia the power they had
had during the last three years.
One question which has appealed
very strongly to the imagination of
the people of this province, contlnueed
Mr. Macdonald, one of the things
which had shocked���he would not
say the moral sentiment, but the sentiment of honesty, which was the
groundwork of the character of the
people���was this question of the Kaien
deal. He understood the press in Vancouver had limited itself to saying that
this was a good bargain for the province.
The Colonist had gone further, and
said the name of a defenceless woman had been introduced into the affair, and that this was most ungal-
lant, and that he and his colleague,
Mr. Paterson, ought to be ashamed of
having dared to mention the name of
a woman in this connection. He believed the duty of men investigating
a mutter In which the public Interest
was at stake���when men were called
en to perform a duty in tlie interests
of the public���they should perform It
irrespective of whether a woman In
the matter was dragged Into the Investigation or not. There was an old
saying that "one should hew to the
line, let the chips fall where they
may." The chips might fall where
they might, but he thought the minority had hewn to tlie line, and the
province had appreciated the fact to
the full. They started out with the
determination lhat the labors of that
committee might be kept clean. They
resisted pressure to call the woman
whose nnme hud been mentioned, as
a witness. They felt 11 was their
duty to get at the salient facts that
would connect the government with
something that had been done by the
chief commissioner and his colleagues,
the premier included, detrimental to
the interests of this province, and the
only thanks they got for keeping out
the Immoral and objectionable element
was this charge, because they had
dared to quote the evidence of the chief
commissioner himself in regard to the
connection this woman had with the
The transaction was not entered Into
In the public interest. From the beginning of January, 1904, the matter
was kept secret between the government and the people they were dealing with. The House was told that
this was it sacred matter. "Individuals," as Mr. Bodwell said, "must not
get to know about this," because Individuals might get to know of lt to
the great discomfiture of himself and
his band of adventurers. It was
proven out of the mouth of Mr.
Green himself that In January, 1904,
Ihis matter, which wus a. state secret,
and must not be whispered to the representatives of the electors, who
were then in session, wus a matter of
tittle-tattle between the chief commissioner and this woman on the
streets and ln ber house. The committee found that there never was a
reserve on Kaien Island. Tbe government slill contended t but there
was; but the committee had found,
and had given the evidence on which
the finding was based, that there wa*
(Victoria Dally Times.)
From day to day the government organ in Victoria continues its struggle
to extricate the advisers of the Lieutenant-Governor from the uncomfortable position in which they have placed
themselves by inducing His Honor to
assent to a transaction teeming with
injustice and illegality.
If there was no legal reserve on
Kaien Island, as the minority report
finds, a number of poor "individuals,"
as Mr. Bodwell contemptuously calls
them, have been unjustly deprived of
their rights.
If, on the other hand, there was legal
reserve on Kaien Island, the lands
could not be granted to the G. T. P. or
to anyone else until the reserve was
duly cancelled in accordance with the
provisions of the Land Act.
The provisions of the Land Act are
perfectly clear and explicit on this
Section 72 prescribes the method to
be followed by the Lieutenant-Governor in Council in placing a reserve
upon Crown lands, and the purposes
for which a reserve may be established.
Now If no provision existed for the
cancellation of reserves, It might well
be argued that this power must reside
in the same authority as that which
created the reserve, viz., the Lieutenant-Governor in Council without any
special restrictions as to time, or notice to the public. But such a power
might be greatly abused by the advisers of His Honor from time to time,
and accordingly the Legislature wisely provided the following limitation on
any such power:
Section 73: "The Lieutenant-Governor In Council shall have power to con-
cel reservations of land made for temporary purposes, but the Order in
Council providing for the cancellation
shall not take effect until notice thereof shall have been published for three
months ln the British Columbia Gazette, and in some newspaper circulating in the district in which the lands
proposed to be affected are situate."
The reserve In question was not cancelled, but the Lieutenant-Governor,
under the advice of his Ministers, assented to a grant of public lands in
flagrant disregard of the law.
We do not for a moment suggest that
His Honor did this knowingly, but his
advisers acted with full knowledge,
and upon them the blame must rest.
This phase of the Kaien Island controversy does not appear to have been
dealt, with In either of the reports
made by the members of the select
committee, but It Is eassy to see what
answer would have been given by the
They doubtless would have said, as
was said by the Chief Commissioner or
by Mr. Anderson In evidence, that the
government (on the advice and with
the consent of Mr. Bodwell) relied
upon section 39 of the Land Act.
That section is as follows:
"39. It shall be lawful for the Lieu*
tenant-Governor in Council to make
such special free or partially free
grants of the unoccupied and unappropriated Crown lands of the province for
the encouragement of immigration or
other purposes of public advantage,
not being bonuses for the construction
of railways, with apd under such provisions, restrictions and privileges as
to the Lieutenant-Governor In Council
may seem most advisable."
But the transaction in question cannot be supported by this provision. Tt
was not a free or partially free grant
at all. The price charged by the government to the G. T. P. was the same
amount that they charge every pre-
emptor ln thc province, viz., a dollar
per acre for every acre conveyed. Nor
does it give the Lieutenant-Governor
In Council any right to deal with the
lands of the province which are under
It thus appears that whether the
lands were legally under reserve or
not, the Lieutenant-Governor has been
misled; on the one supposition Into
denying the Just rights of the original
locators, and, on the other, into assenting to an illegal grant of the public
But the seriousness of the situation
does not end with any fate which may
overtake the government In this Ill-
advised transaction. If our view be
correct, and If the Lieutenant-Governor set his hand to a grant of lands
which by law he could not grant, the
grant Is void, and the G. T. P. will be
unable to show a good title to any intending purchasers.
Nothing short of lengthy litigation,
ending only with a decision of the
Privy Council, will probably result
from the course adopted by all the parties concerned In this nefarious deal,
and all because the Executive preferred to deal with a band of adventurers In secret, Instead of following plain
constitutional procedure.
(Victoria Daily Times.)
It will be remembered that Hon.
Charles Wilson, K. C, In his evidence
before the Kaien Island investigation
committee, refused to affirm the legality of the act of his government in
conveying ten thousand acres of land
to a "band of adventurers." Mr. Wilson was pressed for a- legal opinion, he
was reasoned with by the leader of the
opposition for upwards of half an hour
that as the legal adviser of the administration of which he was a member
he ought to express an opinion
cue way or the other. But the Attorney-General was obdurate. He said
it was the business of the parties to
whom the lands would ultlmaely be
conveyed to asceraln whether the title
they received was good In law. If they |
were satisfied it was not the business
of the government to create doubts in
their minds. It was quite evident from
the tenor of Mr. Wilson's evidence that
he did not approve of the manner in
which the transaction was carried out,
and it Is quite as evident from the evidence of other witnesses and from
what has subsequently transpired that
the Chief Commissioner of Lands and
Works was determined that the deal
should be consummated regardless of
the legal objections of the then Attorney-General. The situation, therefore,
respecting this extraordinary transaction is that the Lieut.-Governor was
misled by the adviser who had access
to his ear and that His Honor was persuaded to endorse an order In council
which one of his minister.* -the minister whose counsel shou.d have carried special weigh In such a matter���
Again, the Attorney-General resigned from the government because he
was inflexibly opposed to the grant of
eight hundred thousand acres of land
to the Columbia & Western Railway
Company. He handed his resignation
to the Premier before he left Victoria.
As the legal adviser of the Crown he
If It that he could not endorse the pro-
posal to bestow property worth millions of dollars upon a corporation
which had not legally earned lt according to the terms of the Subsidy Act.
But it would have been embarrassing
to the government if the Premier had
followed the usual course���the only
constitutional course���and handed the
> resignation of the Attorney-General to
the Lleut.-Governor as soon as it was
received. If the House had been Informed���as It ought to have been Informed���Immediately of the disruption
of the ministry over the Columbia _.
Western deul, the result might have
been doubly embarrassing to the government. And so the Premier dellb-
eratley violated precedent and ignored
practice for the gratification of his lust
ot power. He deceived the Lleut.-Governor nnd he flouted the legislature,
the two estates of the realm which
rhould Immediately have been taken
into the confidence of the administration respeotlng the retirement of one
of the chief of the members of the
government. It will not be contended
tbat if His Honor the Lleut.-Governor
had known that his Attorney-General
���the member of the government upon
whom he depended for legHl advice-
had declined to endorse the Kaien Is!-;
and deal and had resigned his office
rather than support the Columbia &'
Western land grant, that he, as the
lepresentatlve of the Crown, would
have given his assent to either of these
The Lleut.-Governor was deceived by
his Prime Minister respecting two
transactions which have moved the
people of British Columbia to great Indignation���one for the benefit of a gang
of sharpers who either had the government ln their power and could enforce their demands, or for a purpose
more nefarious still; the other for the
benefit of a powerful corporation whose
influence It was considered necessary
t. secure against a general election.
His Honor ought to be fully satisfied
Ir his mind by Ihe accumulations of
scandalous revelations and by tlie deceit of which he has been the victim
that his present advisers are no longer
worthy of his confidence.
Cranbrook Herald: Now that the
Uglslature has adjourned Jimmy Anderson will have 1] months to work up
another >40,000 commission with salary
and expenses for the good of Ihe people of British Columbia. Jimmy Is a
great nubile benefactor between the
Sittings of the lesrlslsture. .   *mmm em     m\*e*t   em a      rm-** �� *f�� ��       *'r~T**~'*r.A*T       r_..J**.TTT _L _Rw _._r     -"        ,-_,--
XH-^-j y"T TA- itusiiV ' *j    i Ui',.)I)A �� , j .-���*   -L."V-\ i   H;   .r0  7
Domestic Science
i c-'   .
._   VV   'i.
It i   111   ban i.      1 lit   1 .r:._   15  1111-
p issible without the second.
" BEST " Bread Flour is
tuillec. i.i 1). C. from special!)' selected ..';;*-i fd lure; wheat, and
will produce more loaves of light,
appetizing bread to the sack than
uny other Hour on the market
Don't aee::/. our statements
without   provinc:   them.     Order
trial sack fr.
un v
our Grocer to-da.
(Tibia Flouring Mills
tmmwmmsnsBnmss^^ss3BBBsaxama at aa.
The S.S. Sonoma lea-,< h  Ladnn
ut 8 a.n.   ..._:.; 3 p.m.; leaves Si ..
t.-*n  at  9'a.m.  aad-4 p.m.    r.vcr)
day except .Sunday.
.$-���' *fe
I -��.':  }u ._   ' ���'..-
Holy    Communion
:i month,
rj_a ;_��� ���:*. - '*- ::.-_E-i-.7aMar;^**_5_ri5a _
-,:y i  ii.m.     tsl
il a.m.
Matins, 11 o'clock.
Kvei'so.i.;, 7 o'clock.
Siiii'.-.n) Sciiof! at io ;i in.
Friday, evening service ~:y.
Ri'.. Canon Hillnii. vicar.
i  . .-hoi.ic
Servi *>"  7.;' and third Sunday of
each month si 10:30 a.m.; Benediction, 7:30 ,1 m
Sunday school at 3 p.m.
Low Mass and IL !y Commuuiou
1 lir-.t and liiin! Mondays al 6 _.m.
Rev. Fjther .Vinjuer, O. M.I,.
I'arisli Prie.1.
Services next I.<n!'.. Day at n
a. 111. f*md 7:30 p.m.
Class meeting, ro.30 a.m. every
Sabbath School  at 2 p ia  every
inday.      Prayer   meeting   every
utrsday evening at '���?���,''���
Rev. J. F. Belts, pastor.
When you wish to buy  visiting
cards call on the Delta Times who
will st-!! the best money can buy.
.'f you rieed ihem printed, why yon
ore money in pocket by falling on
���'���- !���Ain Times first.
1' Wi
A Ja___ Hi-fin  Lady Speaks Highly
uf Chamberlain's Cough Remedy.
Mrs   Michel   Hurt,   wife of the
superintendent of Cart  Service at'
Kingston, Jamaica, West India Is* j
'md.., says that *-hL- for some  years '
used  Chamberlain's Cough   Rem-
edy lor coughs, croup antl  whoop- '
ing cough and   has  found  it  very'
beneficial.    Sir-- h is implicit confid-'
ence in it and would  not  be  without a bottle ot it in her home. Sol
by All Druggists.
iVpew s-n.i-.umT
\'-d.[ '��� uwanttnHI "���-'    -,-.;-.
1    .-'     '-.- it Lir.1 ,-���-,'.
|-'-1 _li _i count bv flic :.'.';.
WI  I      li .  ��       - <  Ar.M3.Vs
! :������     -     . iUn Pr.l Mil ': riON'OKSI u ' '
Igj  1...   ACV.   Ou.la.ci
ri P-.jp. ^hf'toim. Pi.fal_
ktkjvit D. .. r-
��� Ath t   : - ' 1 . l
1 ytju csan t -.*,.
��� e   fcliiu   il;.....
"tit f"ft>,t:;,  U
I 1 U9-pagtt Ctttltf
of cm Ditto I'u'.ji:. a
vilubUbooli oftetei.
,'.'.j'>..'iv�� fir.ciotex-.
Beautiful three-color Aluminum Hangct will
be 1-rwttti.if.j foi 10 ..ms in uasuy*.
3. Stevens Arms & Tool Co.,
_?. 0. Box 4096
��� 't 5i<>o
���ci     l-'cw    i.tft
l*r 50c
���/���  '������
1  '   '.,���-"��
'."- ta
II  T___,T'    _TM IT"  I dold-Coppers
JU3I      UU J    I        P-.    -._   DlviaeaJ.
��� 111 over B.C.
taining over 100 Views in everytliiur.   Post Paid 5#c.
[liuslmtinB tue IJaundleM RMtiiiv. s of tbiti tlie
hest Province in the British Empire.
- s t.'ff.��.f_i, Nvltiinf; Gained. Nothing Ventured, Nttthlnf Won.
SHfflD OPPlllI. ft BIH
'lesl   Men in  the  World are investing in   11  C. Cop
i.t','71  Mines:1     Why can't ynu begin now?
The (ir_��t,.l  (IcIdsCnpntr l.I��_OV_ry of the As;e in B.C.
����rn   .,-,       nanm tnnr
THE Ri:V.  IRL R. HICKS 1907
The Rev. Ill R. flicks has  been
compelled by the popular demand
|to resume  the  publication  of his)
well known and popular Almanac
ST. ANDRSW _ PRBSBYTSR-AN j f,,r Uj0J. Tbis spieudilJ Almanac j
Servi.e. next Lord's Day at   11 L now ���^,       For sa,e by      *
a.m. and 7.30 p.m, :
.Sabbath School  at 10 am    Mid- deale.s-   or   *"'e"t   P^'Pa***  '�����*  -51
week meeting on Thursday evening j cents, by Word and   Works  Pub-1
at 7.30 o'clock.
Rev. A. McAuley, Pastor.
FH fll
uuHOULiumcu oulu miE Ll   GOPIIill tBl
Certain to result profitably.
cial One Month Offer, 15c. Per Sh*.re.
- rlj.-ectly west ofthe Le Roi .nnd Le Roi No. a, largest
���-.���   mines in B.C., paid Large Dividends.    Assays Irom
10.00 in goi'l, copper, silver, etc.
.  id Mines received Highest Awards for  richest  gold-
nt to St.  Louis Kxposition.    Bij; Four had Best
' 'million Fair, New.Westtniuster, B.C , October, 1905.
':���������-tfian 100 shares rold.    .Shares can be  had ou llistal-
n    payments   monthly.      20   per   cent,   cash,   balance
. , -. 1 - - -- rl.bts or [labilities,   r,enrl for Illustrated Pr��8peclt_i is* Secretary.
So__ 174, Vzmcouyer, SS. C, Canada.
JiAPTl. I.
Sabbath  services ��� Crescent
land, 3 p.m.; Ladner, 7 p.m.
Sunday School a', i. : to a. m.
Prayer meeting ou Tbur*iiay
I .S p. iu.
C. Cr.n,  If A��� pastor-
I lishingCompany; 2201 Locus Street.:
I St. Louis, Mo , publishers of Word
'ami Works, oue cfthe   best   dollai ;
I motilhly    magazines   in   America.
! goes with every subscription. '
I Otugers of a   Cold  aud   How   to
!i Avnid Th.w.
*.-l��_s.��v:' :7?.?_-*_T-.:_-_P8ft*MHI
~"ft";"'��'���������,'i^**#''--��� "'v-^'". *^-v~t
Our Sheet
Metal Fronts
Offer yop splendid in��provBm-*,r��t> at .
small cohU for any nfyle ef builaiitif.
Wc niiikt; them M>mf_J��te, to suit
any sized or shapod ��.ruc.urt��� tUe
entire metal .iniili inrlmlinK'/ioor aad
window cops, rorniees, etc.���in n graat
variety of ityleBi
They give a very hnndoonw affaml,
and enduring, pruct-irnl ii_t.ift_iBel.-M.
We give estimates if you mad
���u-asurcnic-ntK und .in'iin* of Ihe build-
Tliink h m'er. ���
Metallic Roofing Co.,
WKoleMle M-nufaotimrs.
Toronto, Canada.
More fataltities hare their origin
 n= _.,.  _ ��� i ��� - - j iu or'remit trom a cold than from
__iTr_>_  if    MfYTTr:\ *ay other cause-   Tl!'H fact ii;,":e
PUDLIt/     JMU I 5 *___��� Jt!: 9s.bs.l_. make people more careful as
��� tliere ii no danger whatever from a
~  ! cold when it is properly treated  in
PUBLIC NOTICE is hereby tha beginning. For many years
given to the Electors of the Mu- Chamberlain's Cough Remedy las
Inicipality of Delia' that I require j beel1 r^ocnized a.s the moit prompt
i the presence of the said Electors at aHd effectual mftdicinesj iu use lor
1 the Town Hall. Laduer, ou the _4.I1 this disease. It acta o�� .attire's
day of January, 1907, at 12 o'clock Pltn> loosens the coti.h, relieves... e
inoou, for the'purpose of electing '""S8' 0Pen*' the": secretions a��d
j persons to represent  them in the J aids n,ture iri reittrlng th. system
te healthlv condition.    Sold bv All
Hindoo Tradesmen   3_.sk.-  Ouu.  Vt*
of Their Pedal Eliti'._n!t_���i_,
Tlio Frenuh ethnologist, Pr_:-__or F.
Bc:_triiiult, has mado spnclul studies ln tho
far cn-it In regnrtl to the atllily uf th.
sHinci-x" fc make useof their f-sitau au_.l-
liirios uf their huLds. Thlsubilliy la jiur-
tlcularly noticeable when orjo wuts_lie��
Hindoo tradesmen ot their work. The
cnrpenter employ- bin feet bs a vi___aiid ai
a giiuae; the sfaoatuaker bolda the shot
hpttv~.li his feet, Iwivlng both fc!< harid.
frcu to work upon It: tho Hindoo but-Lnr
hold- a knife between tbe big n_d the too-
ond loo aud outa his uiuut by drawing 1.
ftrr<?-;s the knife arid pressing ic .lowi.
tvl ih both haiida. Ti;*. help of the t.ai hi
Bji.'-t valuable in wtaving, and it I* ���
ivcj-derful thing to na to sou a tl Indus
srti.iui use both iii. hands and hi. Cf.. ia
liillldiilJi. his l-DIU KvguHUlt H-Lsu ot>
surst-il a i.hilJ i iln hi.".g u tree and Kr-sr,
Irijt tlio t.-rar.-i-,.- uf, tha tree betwaefl mt
lii-.t two tots uf either foot whsti-ver a
held eouiii tin - he Eeoitred
'this eollahoiatlon of tbe '-.-: wi-'Inli.
hands, it \\m;!ij seem, is the re-iilc -..'
several ttbangt-!. in ti,w physical dei --ij-
ment which tho Hindoo race !._���_ _u_��.r
gone In the course nf time ibnuigb out'
11 eir hip Joinm ui j ... m-J_ .
Iiil.I IT tliail IHU'S    HWi vi,.-,
KqlUlt   Oil '. lie ;-'-Mlii.ii ��ir_ .
.0 draw  liie h-s't   v..  iHjar
that they tun  graap \vllil. |
I'atlcT, l.rd r.rd T.***pis riar.i(_tl.;a Ost.
O'rt Tit.-..'  MflhiiJ*!.
'Tei-bapst the r-i.-ivtli/ig publio fr-ldcim
tt-ops to think trf the vast amount of rul
Up.! 1 hut ii row wound aktttnd 1 i'o worl: of
the pii-'ni-'-TCui'luctor. "rcinj..rk��;i..i old
time railroad Uiftn.
"In tho old dnvs all th* panGcmgor eon-
ductorwas reqisired to do wos 'in iilaeaa
I'llbor liutid around _tbundle ��t ���''���! ������ ' .,
had coilLoud end send Uicm in lu
flee. Tbe cash collecMooson no ovei .*
i.:;!,t run .11 tis. -s-,1 i!-. ���;, s ssero I sr;ji. 'oe-
niii.-.. no llikctfl w_r_ mid utter li o.-<"'k
p. in,, si... hour when "Jl ilcLet, n_Ht!__
tslotKl. Tl-..,-..i 1. i-oili-eil "��� nn r. a-.inn'u,n
a'lsoi.utid to .':'i"i in ..in: .',i(.iii 'lie oon*
tluttar ul.  (.lis. end of b round  -Kfei v    :ld
ta_e liiie  niuney to  the oaslller'   "    u*-
aud nn'.td write a wpnrt nn n s   ���   -    1 .���
pef that would  ren.l  pwiuotl	
' n.-.i Sir���Plrsne And  It    ..
cu..h  rnil.v'tlnns  on  train*
Dec   Id,  1800      The 1
("���en lake a nr. i; t from ���'
the cashiar did w;.s t'i  i-.l : il  .-..,.
'(Ic-ik! morning.'
" Hut a passenger <*,.���:,:,.,
more troublo son etinjen i ������
Ing a yellow j.'" kot'a u< -'
bi*n pilinpi an und hi    ' -. ;,e., -
day he fpenris about ali his tie -
lng niysteri mn  hi,Ins   in   i..   i
duplicat-e checks and   making 1 .
reporfg,   The coupon ri.-.i-,. rs are 1    ��� --.i".
around with red tape    Caen  roll  -iloci
t*sus��ari imrueiiaa aiiiount �� : red- . ,   . -^','t.-
today.    The conductor must uow ae     .,:
for every cash (are collected iiy glvliir the
pA_-s.ngur a drawback, *rr elfoadu
-her-: in tlie prescnoe ot  orl  r pas^eng. ������
it, iln* time tho fare ls taken
"Ihen, ron. 1 ,e  oi)n:!,j :.,r  hue   .,-,
all kinds nf tickets  In station  order.
return them in that mnni ���     .'.:������:.-   --
blank giving the number of   saeh kind
tii feet lifted  on   ili_  train     This  re]
must Is. sent in  by tho oonductor befrr
(���lag out on hia next  run.    Therefore h
le eompeHed to make oui his report tie V.
goes   from  station  to   si.   on,   and   thtB
mean., from one  to two  or  moi-  Hour,
bard work ou tho report alone oiaa run,
II. would tal.e half a dny for me In _lvo aU
the dutiiils of this red rnpn    For Itistano..
a i.'_rl���l*. uutnbor of punohes nmsl lie in ���
tieket ef one kind And a certain  number
tu another ��*y!c. of tic let     If one       eh
tuark U nnt mado, tho couductor rei ,-ivps
a letter oalling hi., attontion to thetlia-
orepanoy. snd Im i�� llslile to lie sunpend }
if It t___.rs again "���Topaka Stiuo .lour-
ward ai.' 11c lea
freer and mon
penult then, t
ut ll'.' sjvtue Li
to tl.eir handi
tiieir feet the work tn hand and fluid ta
With soinec.'.; e''.-i' of strength ii i-uKle
joint i.-i also limber aud wor(.s :r -��� ly, mijcs
tlie hig ton Is ii.inc devoid;. 1 i ni d inn '���;���
moved byti inn ni wljl tie i-i; . rdsitsbaad
ln;t and stretching, i�� ��.���>; :>i .nr - 1 i~..
and approaehing tuvsarti Ete ,- -m-i! itiw
The UOl'limi foot ol the i-IIndusj .-s.'.;.vv*_ r
largeapace between tt.r- In.. io�� aud elie
second 'I I.is, bowei-er, Is'due an.Inly ins
their wearing s;.minis, which ue hold in
pltteo by a wooden peg placed Istit/fwn
tiiese two toe.-s The uoustnn. iuuscuIm-
_-Ceivl.__i |ii-:;-need im hulillrig ilu. aatidals
naiuroJIy i tula to strengthening t-i,.\;v
t-oes, und H,s. n-e of the In-', 1.1.11.,-; a go.
I'-i'al euitotn nud tried avail b>- children ,.,
thia reuder age, lies gradually __&_>i_ed the
Mir.doo an.-ii'.ni.v. ��� Phliaihi.'i!,-. Uticnt*.
'tlillslna   tVlth T*oreiK-n,..-s..
"I ain frequently amused, 'said a i-'-e
tlssiinvn who nntic-na tbinga, "in ran :'���.:���
ing rhe t+viiltsnc-y o1 most people i - rn-*
the voicewhoti addressing n foreigner v i.a
has au Imperfocl knowledge of ihu Ino.-
guags The imprrssinn scums to ho rhat
ll.e loudor one yolla tho more i" .. :'. i��
to be understood, whereaa thn ; i- - - r way
tu s[jc*s_ to a foreigner is to ufc a ��� iw, die
tiner, lonn. ,.nd. ahovo all. pronntuKeeach
word scpitraicly \\ hat mrti.es nny . tinge
latigUAga hard fo underatand lathe . . .6
wlilch I'-ii-ivHs fnll iiiKi of ruin ingthe last
syllable ei one word Into the liret'bi '.lie
"ITor Instance, you might mako a si nnd
ii'i.? tihis, 'Iiti wm is tern !h .!-. ��� onday,'
tut. while 1 would know i.r. I ��� ii
t'iia! ymi said, 1 saw Mr J ini > '. -,'
no 1-rencltn.nn or Qarman, eyen with a
good theoretical knowledge oi tin. tnngua
waiilil hav.s ihe tain teat idea what you
were driving ur. Then, thu ohancca are,
y.��i proceed to rnpeint- tho BOUtence faster
aud taster and louder and louder uud go
���wty mni'TcIlng at rbe stupidity of our
���onsins neross the pond."���Now Oriaaue
I Municipal   Council   as   Reeve and i
Councillor^, also  two Trustees  to  tJ'"��t'-'s
  I represent them on the School Board.
The mode ol   nominating candi-
Get your House wired now j dates shall be ag {Movls.
1 and file your application fori    The candidates shall be nomiuat-
1 i-i    . ,'���     t ���   1 _. .1   .vedin writing, the writing shall be
11.lectnc  Lieht  now, so that i    ..-.,-. z 6     ���   ,
! subscribed   by   two   voters of the
Ithe poles may be distributed j municipality as proposer and sec
I past your premises.
Application blanks may be
had   of  Mr.   McDonald,  the
f ...
f r-
A choice   line ���! selected   htmai
and bacon, best tlut can be ls.ujkt
���W, H. .Smith.
ROBT  MAY. Agent,
ouder, and shall be delivered to the
Returning Officer at auy time between the date of this notice ai el 2
p.m. oftbedayof nomination, and
in the event of a poll being necessary such p 11 will be opened 01
the 19th day of January, 1907, i t
the Town Hall, Laduer, and i\ li
be kept open from 9 a m. till , p 1
of wliich every person i*. hereby re
quired   to takf notice and goveri I
��� I himself accordingly.
... 1
I 1     1'he qualification lor n  Reeve 1 1
'V ; Councillor shall b:: his liciuj. a tnab
��� Hritish subject, and having bet ti for
.*, the three mouths next preceding
J^ I the day of his nomination, the re-
j I gistercd'owner in lie Land i. ��������� -
I i try Oflice of land or real property
^...>....>*��..^.^.....s^hJ^<.^ situate within the   Municipality ol
: the assessed value, on thi   last Mn-
nicipal Assessment Roll, in case of
Reeve, of five hundred dollars or
more, and in c:tse of  a Councillor,
According to The Commercial,
of Winnipeg, the visible supply oi
oats in the United States and Canada, east of the Rocky Mountains,
is 12,241,000 - -i shels, compared
with 27,7.s6,ooo bushels a year a;o
t\ M-atifaftiitri* nl" all UtadKil
B. C
Soda Water, Ginger
Ale and Summer
Your patronage solicited
Walter Gardiner, who had hi*<
w i t badly ut by fallinf_-onto a
drawknife, while working o��
t!i�� pole line ol the ' 17 R.
In s -0 1 ��� f'overed nn I ��� able [-
use all  his  fingers   as  nimbly  as
: t  >-   ie 1 - ���   - is to 1
Kirii. wi o s 1   sk [tally     ii
s-vei< .I   c >rd     a to  bring  eb   -
ee rei ai k    '.    ssu t,
Wb*t si;, Wosd "Or.,'' i.rr.--w-s, Vrnm.
Tb�� .viiri. ".'."mi;" Isn- n curlotli li!��l�� ry
I* eon,, s In ;i r ,,:in.i.-iii ut*. wnr fron Uhfl
frencli ynwgr_in. "i whieh cur lilngll.h
''ftrogrmu" I, a ixitrup-lott, mi*��Mlii_r -
fluff nl" poarseand heavy textnrt* Hlnf:
..tvl Adrnlrnl Itnuin. \v,Hieisiiiiii..uilc*vl tv.
l_. 1 uI!r, 1 > navy jtis. luior. en.* wnr of iinc
pssniltncs*, wot*- liit*s*s(*lio_i run ii. of r 1:1 ��� m���
**>ri?\l and vv.i- niokimmod fnn. t*hat err
5ULna__naa "Old Oro;;." Hi u?**cl to lurv*
his _i.��u nix wnte-r with tlin r'sim tbatwa;
nlrvayi ewred to i~ri__!i -b pnilcsrs _�� part ii|
>li*.ir ralfnns, und iicneo nny drain mixi"i
_lts_ ir.Mftr cjima iw b.called "irn*!-" *_ci
Hie pinna vrhara su.*h t-ltlaus nra aold i
"imrnj. "��� Misa K. If. Aarteatva in St
t'.f.tl  M ,.ih1mi  f.una,
A Oonfrderata rctorau quoted by .*m
?s'ew Oilsi.na Tlraea-Democrat *ays
"Wooden guns <l_.l cl- adly nnrk Ivofor.
fort D._k_]y. Tho Vanltcca iiiod then,
np, and they Shot Just n^ well as if ther
barf been uiHnufaetnred of iron. TVhi op
posing llnoi irera 500 yards apart.. Th.
IVyD.i c!c-rutc*s woto behind tha walls of tb.
fnrti find tlio Federals were itrougly in
treneniil liriieral Can by, tbe Yankeu
cmnirnudar. wns withont artillery. Wliat
did li�� do bnt maunfootura 1110 mortnr��
fr.-nn blarls cum treen. Hlaek gum tree.
gn-w eyeiyirlirrsj In tliavlelnlfy Heborml
them eat, nut iron hands around them
and fired 8 inch sheila furnished by Fnr-
mgUI 's flee*. The lines were so close tbat
Ugnt charges siitlieed, aud the a-tempo-
rni.e.-us weapons tlTd all that- was asked e<
(���(*rMan In lltlwanltrn
3-1 Wllwaukes, of course, the English
miigiiage Is need in the cnndnctiof blui-
aess, alt-liougn at, least from 50 to 00, tf
tine a greater, por cent of the people hav*
e.mitnand of the Oermau language, v, :.;,.l;
ia taught ia the publio aohonls.
ln almost every business, in nearly all
the _0__n.er.lal .houses, which aro fir tha
i.oat part oondubced iiy Qernians, tbe (lor-
mnn language Is used along wilh th.' Knglish, nnd aa Ignorance of German la rogard-
ed as great a fault ae Ignorance nf Engliaii,
if not.. greater one. Recently an attempt
was made ta remove tht. Gorman language
from the curriculum of the public nchoola,
but the Inquiry instit.'.it-ed for this put posse
produced a result vury vexation- to tl.n in-
noTarors. The overwhelming majority
of the non-tterman parents decided in favor nf having their children taugnt the
G.Ti'tnan langiiagn. Thus Milwaukee, tn
this case n!so, hns mado good hor i'; itta-
tlon na tbe Ocrnian city of .linnr.,'*.���
"Before we'an symp-'*ti:e will ;
eth "���',  "" mu t h n*e -nl-red our-
sel 'es."      Xo     one   ci i     realize
Trapk Marks
Copvbiohts Ac.
. ,������, seaillaf a stteMl sod .hseertptlea irnv
oltlr Mcortaln our cr-nlnn free whwher ��n
sentlnii la pinUBblrOTt��it*ie,_^om8;nru>j-
,m. inoilyennadeBtfal. HAmMiOK en I'-teat.
��� fi-i'B. OIHeet SBCiics; ft*ncniringnatMita.
s tuKen throuffh Munn * C*. reMlr.
oticc, wlihoot cbnrno, In the
I 'i ilOi'tCt.
_%      -
of two hundred aid   fifty dollars or the   ^tifFering attendint
upon   a:
>:.en..f.c Jfn.erlC-.ti.
-.rtVemi'lvlIln-trntecI weelrlr.   T.nrire-ft elr.
. ��� ,n of anv aolentlSg lqarnal,   'terms, tn a
rniir niuiitUs,, L Sola by al n.rprtenle���.
��� more, over n 7 above any register-
; ed judgment, and being otherwise
������ qualified as a voter.
The qualification of School Trus-
| tee shall be any person being a
(householder in tbe Municipality,
, and being a British subject of the
j full age of twenty-one yenrs, nnd
;' otherwise qualified  to vote at an
'':lv.. �����_'"'''   ��. vii_*     >-_rs�� _r\    ii        t>�� ���   : oincrwise  qui
''SH&r^bl^IP   J"e    Delta   TimeS-ielcetion of School Trustees.
Given tinder mv hand at Lndner
this 2-)t'i <i:iv ..I December, tgo6
.lami-erlaiVs Cough Remedy
.vn .; OufeU, CpOUP ii'.-- Wlia vl'U.' c��^u��h.        .
Ret'irning Officer.
atta.'k    of   'he   grip,    unless   he,
his   had  the   actual   experience.
There is ni-o'-iably  n> disease  that
causea so much physical and  men j
tal acony, or which so successfully !
defies medical aid. All do ger from I
grip, however, may be av ided  by
the prompt use of Chamberlain's
Cough Remedy.    Among the tens
of thousands wbo ht've uced this
remedv, not one case h.i�� ever been
reported lhat has resulted in   pneumonia or that lias not recovered.
Kor sale hv All brtyreists.
[Cough .Remedy
Tlio Children's Favorite
Cov.ehii", Co.'do, Croup and
Whcnpi_jg Caugh.
- ! . fnmeMfl f-sr ;l
r 0 is ..���- ���  :,, :
1   Prl '.   :   . :::���.,'��� ,60 e -.    '
ss-sVHWA-*   ....,���-..---.:     _.-.,w^.s^--ss. .*-.s..j...,'A_IP_��fc_____
Dlt Bnltllal. a ftnscl  Turn.
Blsmnrok was no lovor of ICngln: I
of the English languago, yet ho did II
both a good turn at tbe  .auiutiM oong
of Herlin   at th>s oloas of  the Itli ������ ���
Ish irnr     llofnro tlmr timn tho di] lotus
Innguago of tbe world had  boon   Krun
and   it was nxpootocl thnt. the ill   'us
of  tho ei.ngniss would   be  mild net..'. I
that tongue     Lord  Bojioonsfinlct l!;il';,
(used tr�� use any language  but  v.
and  Disinarcls. who was preaidotit of  -
congress, thought it would Im llicoii��lu,
ate to let Boaoonsfleld stinid aim,.. In
delng, so ho spokn i_ngli.li, too, ninl I -.
llsh was thus mado diss  ollicial   langtin
of tho congress     Ic  has  ii"'.  booou il
nalversal diplomatic languago, but 1- re.:
has ceased to Im that, und   i-iiglish sum
tsi havo tlie l*��st tltla to Uiu luooo-Mlon
Vouth's Oompnninu.
Parlla of Dlvuri.
ScioTiiiflc invest-igatiiiu... havo demon,
stratad the fact that the great depths ot
the ocean aro iuhitliir.al bjr siiecios of tLsh
that e'annoC live in the upper levels. Thei.
flesh Is ao loose in taxtura tllal It, talis
���part when the great proaeure of wator is
reduced. A report aniicwrning the spong-
flsiiernien of Tri]K,ll glv.-s nvidnucu In tha
effect that ..iuiil.tr causes wiil pioiiuoa
similar results ln men 'tlm divers ire
^usntl.r die of paralysis ot tlie limlta,
caused hy prcssuro 0.1 tbe <pinu i-h"i.;gh,
working at ten great depilM Thoso ..it*
fering (mm this cninplali.t i.im sui-l .. -.s-
cnir.e perfectly well wlicui tlioy fattosi > vi.
{j) bn i.gnin iittucketl when i-hciy em n'ge.
from l,:. S.M, ��� S:ii:  l''rn;'..i.s.';> Argciiiiiut,
'I   w,.��["
'I    M-S    '
\ r.o",t :���!��.���.,
: s ilmpuli
1\)U    '   .      \    '  1,'V   "       V..;.-
* 1   -    -.,,
:- *,'*-��- THE DELTA TIMES, TUESDAY, JANUARY 8. 19^7.
sev>�� *r '���     is a
The public schools   will
9U Thursday tnorniaj,
(*j% I ._> .      .������__���     ���:-
. Mr. and Mrs. T. W. Kerr entertained a few friends on New
Yev'-s night.
Maple Syrup puio .n quart can.-,���
W. II. Smith.
Municipal nomination-; take place
iu the To.vu Hall on Monday next,
at 12 o'clock.
I     Mrs. and Miss N. Armstrong
j New   Westminster are   guest*
Mrs. J. A. Paterson, Dunleith.
* Miss Whiting a��d Hiss Dulere
]j_ornby, are guests Jof Jlre. Marshall Smith.
Uie.es Katie Muir and Nora
4-ockiiIl of the R.yal City are
C-cits of __iss Minerva Smith.
L. J. Thomas, ( su
cleric,, lett, .Saturday,
stoke, to lulce charc-.c.
.������.flit,? there.
long  postal
for   Revel*
of the  post
*��.. O. Dennis having giving. "P
the position of Postmaster fc.r F.ast
Velta, t]?e I'elta P, O. li_3 been
C._s*ed until further notice.
AJi.j Tkoaiasiue _5��rr waa At
H'siae to ber tricuds . _ _���'ridey ev-
,a__a 1��_. aad ei.te.te.__ed a barge
��ttM_,_>ti of ..nr y.UMft )*e*j'>l_
W. H. Ladner paid us a financial
visit this  week.    As   will   be  seen ,
by advt.   he   is   running   lor   the'
Watch This
Honest Famer Jobs will meet
tbe electorate at Wc-thau. Island
���n Thursday, the toth inst., and
Kensington Prairie nnd Tynebead
on the r?th inst.
The Premier* says this district
has had all the i.atis the province
would permit of while McKenzie
says that if he is elected he will
build a bridge across Caaoe Pass iu
face of the fast tbat the government
said tbey would aot consider a
bridge* top a mee-ent. He Must
hare wealth.
W& B-&g Leave
To notify the people of Ladner and surrounding diatrict that we are now in a
position to offer Vancouver Island
Portland  Cement
At greatly reduced prices, making it possible for parties who contemplate building,
to put in concrete foundations at about the
same cost as piling or other inferior
Write for Prices.
B. C.
. F-__rvriifi-..
3��si3-,wsr__.,.���j._!v B _����� 'i
Win. Pybis i�� expected heme to*
i,*y fteKi a visit to fiieads in the
.Bast which was tei -_i_-l��_ by news
'et the sad death cf his daaghter-ia-
s, m ss���.. , ���
II 1). Bemeou aud daughter,
Miss Elsie, arrived, here, on Wed-
4teii\ Last. Miss Bc-sou ia about
te. v*)>*n>e_ic*her *-tt,_ilie,s *t Qolum-
y.iu -CullnRe.
Fiew _ay premists on   Ch
Day, a small Brawn Pet Dog
oue   kaewlnf.  of  wbereabeats
sviUf kmJlt ial.:oi
F. CU-.I.1S.
sfri-ttlt Fixtures id supplies
beats   of j
j    A Full Stoek of Shades, aud Futures of all kiti-is kept on hand.
I    Wiring and  house  furnishing a
By reference to oui __verti_iag
s'tlnam . it will be neticed that C.
A- Wick-P* has wened up a new
iadtietry, that of b-��_liing coiled
���frisg wiie feat.'jnj.
V. O. Tseuholine, of High River,
Alt%,hrothei*ki-l-��w _. H. M. Vasey
is paving a viait to this put ef the
province and is very favorably ton*
wrested with weather eou_itio��a.
Ladies aud Geatleucu: .
I beg   to. submit   my  name as a I
1 candidate for ike  Reevesbip at the :
Jceming  lniuicipal elections.    You
j knew tny past career and  on tbia I j
j am returning to you for a continu* |
' sace el yeur confidence.
I    I am, Ladies aad Gen.le.Bra,       I
Yours respect!uIly.
Mr. and Mrs. R. .Shirley return* 1 Ladies and G/Mtlemen:
jA home to Chilliw__ck, yesterday, j M tie. request of a large number
e/tes apeudiag a week renewing eld 1 af the Ratepayers, 1 have consented
acankinUnces. During their alaj : to be nominated (or the. Reeveahip
here tbey were the guests of Mr. at the forthcommg Municipal Elec-
%nd J&rs. T. W. Foster. j tion and t_.iet.ld yo, see fit to elect
_, _ ! ate I will do my utmost to have the
lU-taer was illuaiiwte.1 oa the re!,e"����� *{ ,fe* nnuiicipalfty expend-
_$tfc for tthe first $me fey electricity '��� fd lu ' -��"M a"'1 ''"Partial manner.
W the recent liruvy frest some- "d w*��������� ****.- hM ��he interests of
rthax -.emonalized -he system v*d tkl9 ������}��p*ility ahead ot i.dirid-
vsers of the juice are praying for | Hal or Pr-���*? "'terprise.
Have You Any Chickens ?
Pay Highest Price
AU Kinds,
T. Mowhray.
Columbia .St.,   -   New \\'e-tnlins!
P.O. Box 364     Ph.-1 e 261.'
Port Guichon. i
Christmas   Goods
Silverware, Cut Glass,
Watches, Etc.   .   .   .
Just IT for Xmas St New Year Presents
Undrew Clausen,
LADNER,   13. C.
��� /oaHectioB witb tlie main supply.
I aui, Ladies a��d GeuMemei.,
Yimiv** respectfully,
For Winter Wear
Somethintf New
A most enjoyable evening was
���jjteat by the young people ef- Ladaer and several frono the l.eyal
City, en Fritlav evening lust, in the1
Qddfellews'   l-iajl.    The   hestessesl |
were: Mesdames \V. H. Ladaer, j r ���**���" ""��* prepated, tu but_;l coil*
K.N.Rich, Man-hull sSsiaith, ty.,'."1 miafwire '<,u'e w'<1' wooden
Smith,   IT. J. Htjtchersoj.  and'8U**""
T. V.. I/adaer.
.Ve would dre,w ths att-ea.ion of:
The Province to the (net that Lad-
jisi's  elect /-.ic  lighting   is  NOT  a
Hlicces�� as set, t-hetjgh we sincerely ;
lippe   it   *"j;ill   be  soon.    Also,   we|
���^tetiid ask Tlie Province to seed np ���
i^he geogsa^hy o| t!>e Lower l?rastr
and see l)ow f*1   ^o, g, r��ad  at
\S,oe4ward'��j   is, from  th*  Reyai
City, a��i tbe��_ perhaps, they  will
knory where the towervare situate..
For tu .the s eari-k
tllal?.    m!V
apply t��
C. R. W��
C: f'i_'r.�� li 1
P. O, B..y 4s
p:'."ei j
When you are wanting anything in the
line of Blouses, Dress Skirts, Petticoats,
Underwear, Hosiery, White Goods, Neckwear, Ribbons, Furs, Smal.wear.s, Holiday
Goods, or
Bonnets,  Hatsx Furs,  Dresses,   Underwear,
Hosiery, Etc.
Call and let us show you.
Goods and Prices Right.
At $3.50
& $4.00
We have the Greatest  Value
in Shoes
Good Solid Reliable Footwear,
Just the Thing for Winter Weather.
A. J. BIRTCH, ~        >75 Columbia Street
We parry these in all Leathers and hare a full line of Shapes
and Sizes to Fit All  Feet.
Nothing in Town to Equal Them.
J. REACH,    -   Ladner. B.C.
Thi? first meeting of ihe "Week
9! Pr_*. '..vyr.sbtli t night in
the t,-*.s*t ci'.uni. The service
fas bt": t ; nl hid. ful .and was
Siuqh enjoyed by all present. Revs
jfj _?s Belt-, A. ,'Auiey and C.
Croft all tooit" part.	
The meeting te-nipbt will I ���-..
'-relji in the Methodist Church, al
ii3po't^loi,lt.;,to-niorrov< eveniag in
yii- UflssbyVaan Church. Further
aji.,'U.:;i-9:5}. nt will.be made at thi*
tervi! ..      _
Gasoline Engines, Root Pulpers,
T$e Walworth-Rolstan Ca,
10.1*6 Wostmi.nsit.qr Aye,.,. .*   Vancouver, B.C.
Estate of
General ncrchanf,
Phone 5.   -   Port Guichon
Produce Stored and
Shipped Direct
To Ali I C Ports,


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