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The British Columbian, Weekly Edition Feb 20, 1889

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 : A DeOosBMi"
The British Columbian.
Every Afrerntmti except Sunday,
KSix-TX-rxJxrz'    BiiOTaHBms,
At their Steam   Printing Establishment, Columbia atreet.
For 12 months ft W
For 6 months i 26
For 8 months 2 25
For 12 montbs 810 0G
For 6 montbs  6 25
Per month      IK)
Per week      -A-
Payment in all cases {except for weekly
nto) to be made In advance.
Issued even WMlw*4ay Morning.
Delivered ln the City, per year. |%00
Hailed, per yenr...........  2:00
Mailed, 6 montb -.. l.'2f>
Transient AdvertUetiiienin.—First ius'-r-
llon, lDcts. per line solid nonpareil; each
subsequent coiise«uttveln.Heiatfni),,'tcts. per
line. Advertisements not Inserted every
day—first insertion, 10 ots. per line; subsequent insertions, 5 (its. per line.
Standing AtlverthemeniN.-Professional or Business Curds—32 per month. Speoial rates for general trade advertising,
according to npi.ee occupied and duration
•f contract.
Auction Sales, when displayed, obliged
26 per cent. lesB than tratislent ndvts, If
solid, charged at reuular transient rat*-**.
Special Notices -tmung reading matter,
20 ets. per line each Insertion. Specials
Inserted by tbe month at reduced rates.
Births, Marrlagfji-and Deaths, |l for each
Insertion; Funeral Notices ln connection
with deaths, 50 cts. each Insertion.
Transient Advertisements.—First!user
tlon, 10 cts. per Une solid nonpareil; sub*
sequent Insertions, 7 eta, per line.
Standing Ad vert Uements.—Profession-
al or Business Cards—SI,50 per month.
Special rates for general trade advertising.
Speoial Notices, Births, Marriages and
Deaths, same rates as Dally.
Cuts must beall metal,and for large cuts
an extra rato will be charged.
WPersons sending In advertisements
Bhould be careful to state whether they
are to appear ln thf* Daily Edition, or the
Weekly, or both. A liberal reduction is
made when inserted in both. No advertisement Inserted for less than $1.
Who do not receivo their papor regularly,
from the Carriers or  through   the Post
Office, wili confer a favor by reporting tho
same to the office of publication at once.
Weekly British Columiiian.
Wednesday Horning, Feb. a.. MUD.
The Matsqui dyke, which has
only been completed a few weeks
•go, will have a good opportunity
to "settle down to business" before
being "tried," as, on nccount of the
general mildness of the winter and
tiie light snowfall, a very trilling
freshet may be looked for this sea-
•on. The respite should be taken
advantage of by sowing the seed of
vigorous-rooted grasses on the dyke
embankments, which, having a season's start, would tend very much to
increaso the solidity and permanent
efficiency of the dyke.
It would appear that we were
mistaken with respect to the Kamloops Sentinel's remarks re the
necessity of a central locality for
holding .the annual teachers' exam
'nations. Our cotemporary didn't
want the earth, as we supposed, but,
according to very lucid explanations
since, merely wished to urge the
reasonableness of having the examinations held at different convenient
centres throughout the province, instead of, as at present, at one eccen-
trio point for the whole province.
This is a matter for the educational
authorities to decide upon. If found
practicable, it would undoubtedly be
more convenient and satisfactory
than the present method.
The Blaine Journal thinks we are
a little hard on Uncle Sam's   navy,
and says, among otber things,   that
he "can take The Columbian  man
to a place a thousand miles from tide
water (if Tin; Columiiian man will
pay  the  fare)  where  the United
States  can   turn  out   every   few
weeks an armored ship,   on   water
over which she can   float   them   to
the sea, and in the same  establishment she can manufacture artillery
for her ships, as well as clothing and
accoutrements for her army."   We
can assure the Journal  man   that
We have no  hard   feelings   against
TTnole Sam, and our sympathy and
best wishes for  his  navy   is   only
,   equalled by our  solicitude  for  its
safety.   The Journal man wants us
j   to "put up" for two, and take a railroad trip  to  somewhere, whero the
i   "United  States   can," die.     We
'   wouldn't  mind  taking suoh a trip
f  (provided we can collect enough ar-
|  rearages from our customers to take
i  a flat car passage for  the Journal
man and ourselves), but  we   must
rhave the assurance of our cotempor-
i ary that thero is no "sell" about tho
j business.   In view of the notorious
faet that Uncle  Sam's war-canims
I don't  loom  up  very large, we are
afraid that the Journal man's "can"
has a catch about it somewhere.
If he can take us to a place where
they do such things, and will kindly
mention a time when the walking
is good, in case we fail to "dig up"
for the flat car, we'll go in for his
little pic nic.
Some of the actions of the council
on Tuesday will bear a word of favorable comment. The board of trade,
ever alert in the interests of this
locality, submitted a recommendation to the council to have a committee of citizens appointed to solicit
subscriptions for park work. The
recommendation was approved by
the council and the committee appointed accordingly, and we trust
that our citizens will respond liberally when they are waited on by the
committee. Every citizen should
take'a personal interest and pride in
having our new city park converted
into a thing of beauty and utility,
which shall be a joy forever. Besides, this is exhibition year, and if
the exhibition is to be made what it
should be, our citizens must be
patriotically liberal, and assist in
the preparation of the grounds and
the erection of grand exposition
buildings on a portion of the park
area. To carry out the exhibition
on the scale desirable will require a
good many thousand dollars, but the
royal city's honor and lame are at
stake, and her material interests,
too, for that matter, in the issue;
therefore, let our citizens rally manfully and keep up their end of the
stick, as is their wont in nil emergencies. Tnose who are doubtful
about giving financial assistance to
the park and exhibition undertakings may reinforce their flagging
patriotism by the assurance that
any money thus expended will, like
the "bread cast upon the waters " return to them before "many days."
We would also commend Aid. Cunningham's action in giving notice
that he will ask the council to appropriate §3,000 for park improvements, and we hope thnt the council
may pass a resolution to that effect
at an early date. Our reasons will
be found in the foregoing remarks.
The motion of Aid. Scoullar, seconded by Aid. Jaques, to the effect that
the clerk should prepare a memorial
to the Dominion government pointing out the insuffiency of $10,000
for Fraser river improvements, and
asking for an additional sum to be
placed in the supplementary estimates for the purpose, is very well
timed, These improvements have
"hung fire" quite long enough, and
the importance of the work is so
great, and the interests involved so
momentous and increasing, as to
justify a demand that a sufficient
appropriation be made this time to
complete the work without further delay. The strongest representations
to this effect should be made, not
only by our council and board of
trade, but by our member at Ottawa
as well.
Speoial to the Columbian.
Victoma, Feb. 13. — The grand
lodge of the I. O. O. F. convened in
this city this morning. The order
throughout the province is in a very
prosperous condition. During last
yenr the membership was increased by
88. There was paid for relief of sick
members 85,912,76; for burial of dead,
$780; for relief of widows and orphans,
$255. Tho total membership of the
province for lust year was 800.
Now Westminstoy lodgo is represented by VV. McColl, B. W. Shiles,
J. E Phillips, A, McCorvie and R.
H. Baker. Election of officers for
the ensuing term takes placo this
H. M. S. Swiftsure is oxpeoted to
arrive at Esquimalt early in April and
will go into dry-dock.
At a meeting of the Grand Lodge
I.O.O.F. last night the following grand
oflicers were eleoted: Grand Master,
J H Meld ram, Victoria; Deputy Grand
Master, W Walker, Viotoria; Grand
Warden, "V. Edmonds, Kamloops;
Grand Soorotary, F Davie, Viotoria,
and Grand Treasurer, J E Phillips,
New Westminster. The grand lodge
officers will bo installed on Friday
evening, aftor which a banquet will bo
held at tho Clarence hotel. The neit
session of the grand lodge will be held
at Vancouver.
The wrestling match for $150 a side
botweon Cameron and Mechaud, the
"0" battery strong man, will come off
in this oily ou Feb. 22nd.
Peter Mcintosh, of unsound mind,
was found wandering around tho streets
early this morning clothed in "nature's
original." Ho was taken in oharge by
A lire early this morning destroyed
the shaft house of old Douglas mine at
Nanaimo. It is supposed to be incon-
diarism. I
Children Cry for I Pitcher's Castoria.
Press Despatches.
Vienna, Feb. 12.—It is reported
that a young lieutenant, a Hungarian,
named Sohepshazy, returning from the
service of mourning for Prince Rudolph was so overcome by the circumstances that on reaching his apartment
he stood before the mirror and shot
himself exactly as the orown prince is
reported to have done.
San Fbanoisco, Feb. 12.-A. L.
Maxwell, general passenger and tioket
agent of the Oregon Railway and Navigation Co., is in the city. He says
immigration into Washington Territory
this season is enormous. Thu equipment is strained to its utmost to accommodate purchasers of tiokets.
Oolumbia River steamers are carrying
500 passengers daily. The entire tide
of immigration, whioh last year was
attraoted towards Southern California
is now directed to the north-west and is
assisting in peopling Tacoma, Seattlo
and other cities of the northwest.
Columbus, Feb. 12.—The chemical
labratoiy of tho state university burnod
this moraine.   Loss, $50,000.
St. Louis, Mo„ Feb. 12—Governor
Humphrey, of Kansas, has selected
St. Louis as the place, and March 12th
as the time, for holding an inter-state
convention to investigate the alleged
boef and pork combine.
Wilkinsburo, Pa., Feb. 12.—William Strnyner, merchant, while driving
burglars out of his storo last niqht,
was fatally shot by thom.
Vallejo, Oal., Feb. 12.—The safe
in the store of Jas. Schwalbe was blown
up last night and robbed of ils entire
contents, valued nt $1,000, $300 of
which was in cash, the balance being
jewelry and other valuables.
Washinoton, Feb. 13,—In a joint
session of the house of representatives
and senate to-day the electoral votes of
the different states were formally
counted und Harrison and Morton
were doclared elected president and
trice-president of the U.S. for a period
of four years from March 4th next.
New York, Feb. 13.—Advices from
Hayti this morning state that a battle
occurred on Jan. 23rd and Legitime's
forces were driven back with a loss of
150 killed and 300 wounded. The
doad were put in a heap and burned.
Cabson, Nev. Feb. 13.—Seven
cases of small-pox were discovered Inst
night in Orrosby House, the leading
hotel of the oity. The discovery led to
the hasty departure of nearly all the
Lima, Ohio, Feb. 13.—White caps
last night bound and gagged Rev,
Jesse Smith, a wealthy man, and robbed him of $100.
Paris, Feb. 13.—Gen. Boulanger is
gaining adherents in tho chamber,
There was a stampede in his favor on
Monday night, when 70 republican
deputies voted against the restoration
of the Scnttin D'arrondisssment as a
measure directed solely against him.
Some of the members voted as they
did because they were opposed to the
method ot dictation which Gambotta
had denounced and rejected, but the
majority of them were converts to
London, Feb. 13.—In the action for
divorce brought against Marie Temple,
the actress, by her husband, Mr. Izard,
H, W. Leslie, proprietor of the Lyric
Theatre, who was named as co-respondent and from whom damages were
claimed, has been sentenced by the
court to pay to Izard £5,000.
London, Feb. 13.—It is learned
that the postponement of the Samoan
conference in Berlin until the TJ. S.
sends a special commissioner from
Washington is due to the fact that
Bismarck wants to gain time so lhat
the Germans in Samoa can settle their
scores with the natives who murdered
thoir wounded Bailors, und a conference, which would require a trueo in
the-ialands preliminary to any negotiation would be in the way. Salisbury,
for reason well understood, readily ns-
sents to a postponement, preferring to
hnvo the business tnken out of the
hands of the prosont administration at
Washington, and transferred to the
nuw regime under President Harrison.
London, Fob. 13.—In the Parnell
commission to-day testimony was taken
with regard to boycotting in Ireland
and the encouragement given to it by
tho national league and tho Irish
lenders. Little interest was taken in
the proceedings by spectators and the
benohes were empty.
London Feb. 13.—An American,
giving his name as Luke Emerson, of
Missouri, and his occupation as horso
dealer, became involved in a brawl on
Oxford st. this morning with a party
of loungers. All wore more or less intoxicated, and Emerson drew a pistol
and tired at his assailants, wounding
two of them Emerson was arrested
and will have a hearing before the
magistrate to-day.
Paris, Feb, 13,—Gen. Boulanger
■ays he is unacquainted with Mrs. T.
Lucas, of St. Louis, whom a St, Louis
papor announced he was to marry as
soon as he obtained his diroroe. Mrs,
Lucas, who is now in Paris, also denies
the truth of the statement.
New York, Feb. 14.—Tho Amori-
can Newspaper Publishers' Assool-
to-day elected the following officers
for the ensuing year: President, Jas.
W. Scott, Chicago Herald; vice-president, Col. Chas.  H.  Taylor.  Boston
Globe; Beoretary, F. R. Milli, San
Franoisco Call; treasurer, Wm.
Laffan, New York Sun; executive
commissioner, 8. H. Kaufmann, Washington Star; W. J. Richards, Indianapolis News; J. H. Farrell, Albany
Press tb Knickerbocker; W. C. Bayant,
Brooklyn Times; Col. L. L. Morgan,
New Haven Registrar. At the close
of the meeting thoy went to Brooklyn
to witness the operation of several
type-setting machines.
Reading, Pa., Feb. 14.—During a
family quarrel, this morning, Chas. W.
Gobol shot his wifo and then fired 2
bullets into his own hend. Both are
still living but the husband's condition
is critical. The couple have not lived
Baltimore,.Md;; Feb. 14,- A gang
of burn burners whoso identity has not
been discovered is oreating a reign of
terror in Fredoriok and Cnroll counties. Over a dozen barns have been
burned, tho owners first receiving notice to temove the implements and
stock. The incendiaries use a ball of
wet phosphorus with gunpowder inside. When the phosphorus dries
spontaneous combustion and an explosion follows. No possible reason
for this devilment is known.
Baltimore, Feb. 14.—The Sun's
Washington special says:—-It now
looks probablo that the Samoan conference at Berlin will not occur during
the present administration. Count
Arco, the German minister, called
upon Bayard yestorday and informed
him that Mb (Bayard's) answer to
Prince Bismarck's proposal for a conference had been sent to Berlin by
mail. It will reaoh Berlin about the
20th inst. Tho German foreign oflice
will probably take several days to consider Bayard's suggestions, and its
answer, if sent by mail, would hardly
reach this country before the beginning
of the Harrison regime. Tho Sim's
correspondent hints that the reason
the diplomatic correspondence has not
been oonducted by wire is simply a
trick of Bismarck to gain time in whieh
to punish the Samoans before negotiations at Berlin are begun. In well-
informed quarters there is a strong
suspicion that Germany has already
sent reinforcements, to Samoa to seek
revenge for the killing of officers nnd
meu in the fight with Mataafa, and it
is not at all unlikely that wo will hear
of another bloody battle.
Auburn, Cal., Feb. 14.—A. C. Bas-
sett, a one-armed young man, who attempted to shoot a woman a short time
ago has been sentenced to 16 years in
state prison.
San'Franoisco, Feb. 14.—John
O'Connor and Jeremiah Reen, wood
choppers, were shot by Joseph Hawkins, a cripple and bad oharacter, in a
saloon brawl oarly this morning. Reen
is believed to be fatally wounded.
Hawkins was arrested.
There were two suicides early this
morning. The first was Patrick O'Leary, a teaniBter, 30 years of age, who
has had considerable trouble with his
wife and who, while intoxicated, terminated his career with a dose of rat
poison. The second was Konrad
Peters, a tailor, fifty years of age, who
drowned himself.   Cause unknown.
Ottawa, Feb. 14.—Sir John Macdonald is credited with the statement
that the present session ot parliament
will witness the most decisive act of
his life. This is understood to refer
to a coup u" clot destined to strangle
the annexation sentiment. The proposal is to submit to parliament a
series of resolutions creating au independent kingdom of the Dominion,
under Baitish protection; with one of
the royal family aa reigning head.
Paris, Feb. 14.—The Fronch ministry has resigned. Premier Floquet
brought up the question of revising the
constitution to-day in the chamber of
deputies. The deputies voted to adjourn the debate upon it, despite the
opposition of the ministers, Tho vote
ngninst the government was 307 to 218.
Rome, Feb. 14.—When the empress
Frederick returns to Berlin she will
withdraw to Friedrichsdmfe nnd there
she will livo part of the time nnd spend
the rest of the tune abrond.
Paris, Feb. 14.—M. DeLesseps has
addressed a circular to the stockholders
of the Panama Canal Co,, informing
them that new securities will ho issued
to obtain capital to continuo work on
the canal. Stockholders who hold
throe shares will have the right to call
for one bond for the nominal value of
500 francs, bearing interest at 3 per
cent. The price of the bond will be
410 francs. Subscriptions open
March Ist and doses March 9th.
London, Feb. 14.—Mr. Doames, the
Times' solicitor, is before the Parnell
commission to-day as witness, giving
technical evidence. The publio have
lost interest in the proceedings.
Mr. DoamoB, later in the day,
aroused attention by handing in soven
of Parnell's letters whioh Inglis, the
rimes expert, believes to be genuine.
Word wns immediately sont out that
the long wished for evidence was coming, and the benches began to fill up.
With the presentation of these famous
lotters the cruoial point of tho trial
has come, Mr. Doames testified that
the Parnell lotters wore obtained from
Pigot. The -Times solicitor followed
up the introduction of the alleged Parnell letters by producing a large number of Parnell's signatures for the purposes of comparison with those of lot-
tors. Eminent experts are on hand to
testify to tho genuiness of the latter
which will bc submitted to the scrutiny
of Parnell and the experts for the defence,
London, Feb. 15.—Tho Star states
the Marquis of Ailsbury, who became
notorious for his connection with the
Turner scandal some time ago and for
his numerous wild escapades, has entered a suit for divorce from his wife.
The MarohionesB of Ailsbury before
she married him (then Lord Saver-
naike) was Dolly Foster, a ballet
dancer at the Gaiety Theatre and of
low origin and character. Ailsbury
names as corespondents a book-maker
by the name of Riley and Mr. Abing-
ton, a well-known owner of racing
horses. Startling financial develop.
inents are expected during the trial.
London, Fob. 16. — Parnell was
present at to-day's session of the Parnell commission. Soames, solicitor
for the -Times, was further cross-
examined. He offered in evidence a
schedule of all signatures of Parnell he
possessed. He said Parnell's writing
varied considerably, and produced a
letter in whioh Parnell's name was
written six different ways. Presiding
Justice Hannen ordered the letter to
be photographed. Continuing, the
witness denied he heard that Pigott
nnd the leaguo clerk he interviewed in
Ireland had a grievance against Parnell. Pigott, he said, had made a
statutory declaration that Solicitor
Lewis had offered him £1000 if he
would swear he had forged the letters
snid to bo written by Parnell. The
Times paid Pigott only £40 or £60.
The witness had Pigott watched and
traced him into company of Labou-
chere. He paid Houst n, secretary of
the Irish Loyal and Patriotic Union,
altogether £3,000. Upon direct examination Soames said iili bargain was
made when tho letter" wero first
brouglir tothe Times, their genuiness
was to be tested before any payment
was made.
The witness swore neither he, Hous-
tin noi- Macdonald knew where Pigott
obtained the Parnell loners. He never
aBked because Pigott from the first declared he would never reveal the on-
cuniBtnnces of their discovery and the
means by which he gained possession
of them except in a court nf law. All
that was known was Pigott received
them in 188C. Sir Charles Russell examined the witness very closely aa to
the various forms of Parnell's signature
which hnd been produced in court. ' It
was found some were genuine and
some spurious. The witness was required to distinguish between and explain their origin, The interesting
fact was was elicited that Mr. Labou-
ohere had offered Pigott a thousand
pounds if he would enter the witness
box and tell the truth as to the author
of the letters.
Rome, Feb. 15.—Mr. Gladstone arrived hore yesterday from Naples. He
made a brief stop and proceeded on
his way to the Riveria. A few personal friends were aware of his presence here, but beyond this his presence
hero was studiously kept secret, aa
it was his wish to avoid any public
Ottawa, Feb. 15.—Sir John Macdonald has another proposal which he
will submit to the Dominion parliament in a few days. He will ask that
a join! memorial bo sent to the queen
requesting that a member of the royal
family be allowed to visit Canada in
the Bummer. The object of the government is to stimulate loyal sentiments towards the mother country nnd
stem the current of popular public
feeling in favor of commercial union
with the U. S.
Washington, Feb. 15.—The ways
and menus committee this morning
practically decidod to report a bill
making the estimated reduction in the
revenues of about seventy millions.
Red Bluff, Cal., Feb. 16—A
friendly wrestling match between
Buck Davis nnd S. P. Byler, on a
ranch 25 miles north of here last night,
led to a quarrel which resulted in
Davis Shooting and killing Byler. The
sheriff has left for the scene nf the
Carson, Nov., Feb. 15.—No new
cases of small-pox have developed.
The schools are still closed and snow
is falling, which the doctors think will
end the disease.
Genoa, Neb., Feb. 15.—Superintendent Chiisc, of the Indian school
here, has disappeared with $25,000,
which ho obtained by means of false
Morristown, Pa., Fob. 16.—A locomotive on the North Penn. R.R. exploded its boiler this morning near
Bengen. The engineer and fireman
were killed.
Washington, Feb. 16.—The house
passed the senate bill appropriations of
$250,000 for the protection of American
interests in Panama.
Pittsbubg, Feb. 15,—The firm of J.
B. Williams, Jas. Williams, John Williams, and Thos. Patterson, known as
the Grand Lake Coal Co., failed to-day
for orer a quarter of a million dollars.
The assignment was mado to Isaac Van
Voorhis who had a claim of $40,000.
The causes of failure were heavy losses
by the recent storm at New Orleans,
where 140 barges of coal were lost, and
investments in a local railroad. The
assets consist of a large number of tow
boats, steam barges, etc., whioh will
be sold at auction by tho U. S. marshal!
New York, Feb. 15.—Tho Post's
London correspondent cables that the
Parnell letters were offered to another
journalist three months before the
Times purchased them. He refused
them, regarding them as trumped up.
A thousand pounds wu asked. A
gentleman conneeted with the Irish
Loyal Patriotic Union was then approached and he advanced the money
for their purchase by Houston from
Pigott; Houston reselling them afterwards to the Times, which got the letters in November, and paid for them
the following May.
Alexandria, Minn., Feb. 15.—Jno.
Lee was hanged tliis morning for murder of Charles Cheline, in July 1888,
over a love affair.
Berlin, Feb. 15,—The rumor that
Bismarck has resigned the chancellorship is totally discredited in official
circles, Prices have weakened oo the
London, Feb. 10.—Flouquet expected to be beaten, ahd, indeed, is
believed rather tn have courted defeat
as the safest way out of ministerial
embarrassment. His overthrow on
the question of the revision puts him
definitely at the head of what is vital
in the Radical party in place of Clem-
enceau, whom events seem continually
conspiring to thrust into the background. Of late speculations Ss to
what the next ministry will bo like are
all incoherent °nd in the air. The
most prudent guess is that Carnot will
patch together and make a shift cabinet which will coerce the chamber into
supporting it by holding over the heads
of the deputies the threat of dissolution, and after getting through the
budget all that remains for the session
to do will be to continue a passive
existence. As the exhibition cabinet
will have no purpose but to make the
great fair a success, tremendous businoss and social pressure will be put on
iho deputies to permit this to be
Pabis, Feb. 15.—The opportunist
journals are not dissatisfied with yesterday's action of the ministry. They
say it has cleared a ground for President Carnot and left hiin a free hand.
He can now form a cabinet in accordance with his own views as a conservative republican. The Boulangist organs loudly sound the note of triumph.
They claim tho victory as theirs and
declare the dissolution of the chamber
more than over necessary. They call
upon the deputies lo resign with the
ministers, for both have been condemned by the country. The radical
press are m despair and they proclaim
that tho concentration of tho republican groups iB impossible In the meantime, notwithstanding the crisis so
fraught with tremendous possibilities,
Paris ie quiet. There are few outward
signs of excitement. There has , been
no disorder and no noise.
A Professional Otinion.—Rev. F.
Gunner, M. D„ of Listowel, Out., says
regarding B. B. B., "I havo used your
excellent Burdock Compound in practice
and iu my family since 1884, aud hold it
No. 1 on my list of sanative remedies.
Your three busy B's never sting, weaken
or worry.
Wine Hour Heveaatnl.
For some lime past a petition has
boen in circulation, for signature,
amongst the painters of this city, asking for a reduction of the hours of
labor. The potition was presented to
the employers a few days ego, and we
are pleased to announce that on and
after April 1st nine hours will constitute a day's work. The painters of
this city, employers and employed,
nre to be congratulated on the concession made, which will no doubt be
followed by the plumbers and others.
—Vic. Times.
 .   m  .
Enterprise In Alaska.
The steamship Aneon sailed for
Alaska to-day with about eighty passengers, including tourists, fishermen,
prospectors nnd miners. The fishermen were chiefly of the Chiloat Packing Company, and had with them a
number of Chinamen, also several
very largo fishing boats. The cargo
consisted of about 400 tons of general
merchandise. The fishing season has
not yet commonced iu Alaska, but it is
understood that theso Chinamen nre to
aid the cannery tneu in getting ready
for doing n good busint'HS when the
proper time comes.   The miners and
frrospectors havo great hopes of a
ucky finding, The passengers and
freight list of the Alaska steamships
have begun to increase rapidly.—
Seattle Press.
News From Texada.
An occasional miner drops down
from Texada with glowing accounts of
that famed locality and the richness of
its quartz, whilo others with a sufficient shrug of their shoulders declare
there is nothing thero but iron pyrites.
Mr, Prouse one of tho owners of the
Golden Slipper nud other claims returned from tho island yesterday and
reports that representation work is
going on very actively. Thore is a
determined effort being made to jump
claims already located, and the locators are kept moderately busy guarding their claims from the would-be
"jumpers." The need of a commissioner or other officer to settle disputes
that are constantly arising there is apparent. The weather is very unfavorable for either prospeoting or doing
development work, but as soon as
spring opens up it is supposed that
there will be lively times in the new
mining camp.-—Courier.
. •.	
Grand Master Walkem, of Kingston, has prohibited dancing in Masonic halls. .ROtr'ootVft  t
Weekly British Columbian
*Tednosilay Morning, Feb, 20,
(From Daily Columbian, Feb. IS.)
3. W. Sexsmith, of the North Arm,
adds S30 to the Exposition Fund
Good!   Nextl
Tho Dominion Illustrated conies to
us again, rich in true Canadian arl and
literature, a credit to  the Dominion.
The schooner Champion, W. Beck-
maw owner, from Lulu Island arrived
in port yesterday with a cargo of potatoes.
Wo regret to learn of the death of
Mrs. S. G. Matthews (mother of Mrs.
O.J. Robson of this oity), which ocourred nt home in Brantford, Ont., on
the 7th inst.
Grant & Hat-strum, painters, and
new-comers, have added $20 to the
Exposition Fund, This is a good
example for some of our pioneers,
Whore ore they ?   Next!
Since the polico made their last haul
in Chinatown the petty thieving, which
had becomo so prevalent, has entirely
ceased. Tho police report that the
city is free from suspicious characters.
Dr, Fagan returned from Port Haney
to-day and reports that all the diphtheria patients are convalescent, and
there has heen no fresh cases for two
weeks. Only two houses are now
The residence of Robert McKee,
five miles from Ladner Landing, was
totally destroyed by fire Thursday
afternoon, Mr McKee, boing alone,
saved little or nothing of his furniture
or other personal property. Loss,
over two thousand dollars; iusured for
nine hundred.
The first annual banquet of the
Vancouver bonrd of trade will take
place at the Hotel Vancouver on March
5th. Invitations have been sent to
the members of the Victoria and
Westminster boards, the lieut.-governor and many others, lt is proposed
to make tho banquet a   very  notable
Concert of Classical Music.
The storm of sleet and snow which
visited this city on Wednesday raged
with some severity on Puget Sound.
In Port Townsend bay tlie steamer
Olympian had part of her guards
broken nnd a messroom smashed in by
the waves. Dtiriug a squall in the
Straits a sloop was capsized, and the
steamer Wildwood lost a boat while
making a landing.—Colonist,
There is a very healthy movement
in renl estate just now. This is not
to be wondered at, as the prospects of
Westminstor are particularly bright,
and no better speculation exists than
buying property and putting up buildings here. During the week Rand
Bros., renl estate agents, have sold
over 40 oity lots, and have 30 more
under way, which will be sold early
next week. Accounts have boen very
favorable from other acents during the
week.   ^^^^^^^^^^
Ah Immense Ledge.
Mr. H. Roberts arrived yesterday
afternoon in Victoria, and he lays
that the excitement over the gold discovery on Texada Island is very intense, Nothing else is being talked of
in Nanaimo. The last found ledge is
phenomenal in every respect. It is
forty feet wide, and, in plain view, extends over one mile, with traces for
ten milos further. In the opinion of
aeveral experts the find is so immense
that very few will believe that the
statement can be true. So far, of
course, all that is known is from opinions formed from its surfaco. By actual measurement from wall to wall the
ledge averages forty feet. — Thursday's
 . , .—	
The Surrey Civic Ball.
As announced ' previously, the civic
ball came off at the town hall on Tuesday evening, it wns a grand success
in every way, thero boing the largest
number present who have attended
hore at any social event before. We
observed the reeve (Mr. Punoh) and
Couns. Shannon and McCallum appeared to ontor into the festivities with
great vim, Tho dancing was kept up
with spirit until about midnight, when
supper was served. The guests present could scarcely obtain standing
room nn the floor. After the good
things provided for the occasion had
been discussed, dancing wus resumed
until daylight, when the party broke
up, everyone declaring they hnd
enjoyed a very pleasant time, and voting the Surrey council a jolly sot, and
the civic ball an institution that should
be porpotuated.—Com.
A Blc Deal Closed.
Tliis morning tho sale of block 81 on
the C. P. R. subdivision of lot 541 was
closed. The block is bounded by
Howe, Nelson, Helmecken, and Hornby streets, and contains 38 lots, on
some of whioh are erected terraces of
houses. This property was known as
the Chamberlain block. That gentleman bought the land from the O.P.R,
Company, subject to the building conditions. The structure of the buildings was proceeded with, but that
gentleman had not sufficient capital
wherewith to complete them. It has
been known for some time that he was
in difficulties through his enterprise.
To-day Mr. E. S. Scoullar, of New
Westminster, bought the entire property, and received a deed therefor
from the 0. P. R. Co., Mr. J. Browning signing it just as the train was
about to move out. The purchase consideration wbb $42,000, cash. Mr,
Scoullar secured a great bargain, the
property being worth a great deal
- more money. He will proceed at
once with the completion of the houses
and, no doubt, they will soon be tenanted, as there is a brisk demand for
house accomodation in that end of the
The concort of classical music
givon by Mr. Septimus Goqgh
and the Messrs. Dyke at the Oddfellows' Hall, lust evening, was a great
musical treat, but did not receive the
patronage it so richly deserved. The
performance of Mr. Gough on the
piano were a revelation to the majority
of the audience. He is an artiste far
above tho ordinary standard and haB
nu ear and touch which border very
closely on perfection. Mr. G, J.
Dyke, on lhe violin, and M. F. W,
Dyke, on tho violincello, rendered
beautiful music and sustained the en-
couiums passed on them in ather
cities. Mrs. Thos. Humphreys sang
"For Ever ond for Ever," and "Queen
of My Heart," iu a manner nnd voico
that completely won the hearts of the
audience. She is indeed a sweet
singer and Westminstor will bo glad to
welcome her again.
Hr. McLaren's Welcome.
Rev. E. D. McLaren, late of Brampton, Ont., who wob inducted to the
pastorate of St. Andrew's (Presbyterian) church, Vanoouver, on Wednesday evening, received a warm and
flattering social reception lost evening, in the Wilson Hall, at Vancouver.
Rev. T. G. Thomson occupied the
chair, and on the platform, besides the
honored guest of the evening, were
Revs. Messrs. Jamieson, McRae,
Pedley, Kennedy, Robson and McKay representing various denominations in Vancouver, and including a
visitor from this city ond from Victoria and also the lato pastor of St.
Andrew's. A very interesting programme was given during the evening
interspersed with appropriot e addresses
from the various ministers present, and
a particularly eloquent address from
Rov. M. McLaren himself. After tho
addresses, music, etc, the meeting
adjourned to the dining hall upstairs,
where about 000 persons were entertained to lunch, and a pleasant time
enjoyed until about 11 o'clock.
 :—.   m   ,	
Surrey Agricultural Association.
A goneral meeting of the above association was held at the town hall,
Surrey Centre, on Wednesday, Feb.
13th, whereat a large number of the
officers und members of the association were present. Some slight
amendments were made to the ennsti-
tution,and three gentlemen, (additional), Messrs. D. R. Brown, A. Murphy
and J. Wade, were elected to the
board of management, and the following committees were appointed:
Finance, Messrs. C. Brown, J. Armstrong and G. W. Rush; committee
on publication, the president, the secretary and A. Murphy. The secretary
was instructed to have certificates of
membership and revised constitution
printed ; also to correspond with the
secretary nf the Ontario Provincial
Farmer's Institute, requesting information as to the formation and practical operation of institutes in the east,
with a view of propagating the same
principles here. It was decided to
hold a meeting of the board of managers on Wednesday, March 13th, at
1 o'clock p. m., the secretary to notify
members who were absent. After the
business of the meeting was brought
to a elose the gentlemen present engaged in the discussion of questions
pertaining to agricultural development,
drainage, improvements of stock, etc.,
etc., when many new and valuable
ideas were communicated, and all
present folt that it was an hour
profitably employed, and the oftener
the farmers met and discussed matters
of this kind, the better it would be for
them as individuals, and for the district at large.—Com.
Sunday Newspapers Condemned.
Rev. Mr. Thomson, pastor of the
first Presbyterian church, on Sunday
evening preached one of a series of
sermons on Sabbath desecration, in
which ho brought prominently to
notice newspapers that are published
on Sunday. He regarded their publication on that day as a retrograde step
and a return to the immorality of the
middle ages. Thoso who do not respect the Sabbath enjoy the Sunday
newspaper and desire it to be left
nlcne, but, ho asked, should it be?
The distraction of mind it caused and
the distraction from the holiness and
quiet of Sabbath observance were
pointed to. It wits argued, he said, in
defence thnt there wns moro Sunday
work in connection with a Monday
papor than with a Sunday paper, but
this ho denied on what ho considered
good authority. The greater port of
the Monday morning paper he thought
could be printed on Saturday and the
remainder after nine o'clock Sunday
evening, or even after 12 o'clock at
night, which would allow all the employees an opportunity to attend both
services on Sunday. There was no
rest for the brain of those engaged in
getting up the paper, and besides a
number of newsboys had to bo engaged to circulate it in the morning.
Were they willing, he asked, lo have
their boys thus pollute the day and be
engaged in Sabbath breaking. The
possibility was that some of the boy
burglars had made their first step in
selling the Sunday papers. The
preacher was of the opinion that the
advertiser were really responsible, as
it was simply another way of disturbing advertisements on Sunday. No
doubt there was not one but would
hesitate to send men around scattering
dogers, or pasting up bills for that
day, but the same result was achieved
by advertising in a Sunday paper. It
was having the publisher to do it for
you. The ohurch was asked to unite
against Sunday newspapers, and put
an end to their evil influences.—News-
Advertiser of Wednesday.
■ ♦—♦—»
JacobGrenier was elected by acclamation Friday for mayor of Montreal
for the ensuing year.
(From Daily Columbian, Feb. 18.)
Yesterday was a very peaceable Sabbath. The police did not make a
single arrest and not the slightest
offence of any kind is reported.
Mr. P. MoTiernan, Indian agent,
leaves to-morrow for Bute Inlet and
will raise the small-pox quarantine,
unless fresh oases have broken out
since, tho last report.
J. Cook, son of the late Mr. T.
Cook, and formerly a resident of this
city but now of San Francisco, arrived
hore on Saturday, having come up in
consequence of his father's death.
One of Vianen's boats netted 6 fine
salmon on Saturday. Several boats
are at work on the river to-day, and if
the woather does not turn too cold a
lair catch is expected daily from this
time forward.
On Saturday Mr. Peter Gront, whilo
assisting in preparing the opera houso
for the Masonic ball, accidentally hurt
his back and was confined to his bed
all day yesterday. We are glad to
know ho is considerably belter to-day.
Ah Jim and the three other Ah's
who were committed fur trial for having stolen goods in their possession,
appeared before Mr. Justice McCreight
this morning and eleoted to be tried
under the "Speedy Trials Aot." The
trial was fixed for Wednesday, 27th
A great amount of ice haB been harvested on the Thompson river during
the past two weeks. Mr. Bonnet
alone has filled contracts aggregating
over 1400 tons, and other persons
have also been engaged cutting and
filling contracts which will probably
total as large a quantity.—Sentinel.
A card received this weok from Canon Cooper stales that "Canon and Mrs.
Cooper sailed for England ou 2nd February in the Dominion liue steamer
"Sarnia." Mrs. Cooper has regained
her strength to n great extent, but. she
is still very frail, and the greatest
core must be tnken of her for a long
At the special meeting of tho city
council on Friday night the petition
from a majority of the property owners
of Sapperton, asking that that suburb
be annexed to the oity of New Westminster was received, and on motion
the extension of the city limits to include Sapperton was iucoporated
among the amendments asked to the
city charter.
Wo hove received a copy of the carnival number of the Montreal Star. It
is a Buperb number, a grand souvenir
to send to distant friends and well
worth preserving in private libraries as
a memento of the most extraordinary
winter in the history of Canada. We
cannot describe the number as it is bo
elaborate. An order has been booked
from London, England, for five thousand copieB, while in Toronto and New-
York it has created a tremendous
furor. The last edition is now being
run off. The publishers send it to
any address for the small sum of thirty-
five cents.
Whether on pleasure bent or business,
should take on overy trip a bottle of
Syrup of Figs, as it acts most pleasantly
and effectually on the kidneys, liver and
bowels, preventing fevers, headaohes
and other forms of sickness. For sale in
75 cent bottles by all leading druggists.
tint Cranberries.
The Harrison River Indians are beginning to get hungry. Last fall they
were to lazy or too proud to pull the
cranberries from the bushos near their
reservation, having then a supply of
cash oud muck-a-muck on hand.
Christmas and New Year's festivities,
however, reduced the supply of eaoh,
and now the Siwashes are pioking the
berries and marketing them at a price
whioh is better than they deserve.
The berries have not suffered by remaining un the bush so long, but on
the contrary they seem to have acquired additional pungeucy and flavor.
Yesterday aftornoon a deputation
from the congregation uf St. Peter's
R. C. Cathedral waited upon Mrs. W.
H. Keary, and on behalf of the congregation presented her with a very
handsomo gold watch, with a suitable
inscription thereon, and chain, as a
token of their appreciation of the
valuable services rendered by her as
organist for many years. The presentation, whioh waB made by Mr. F.
Stirsky, was accompanied an address,
thanking Mrs. Keary for her kind
r.rvices in the past and regretting
that illness compelled her to resign
the office she had filled so faithfully
and well. Mrs, Keary was taken completely by surprise and her feelings
scarcely permitted of her answering,
ao unexpected was Ihe presentation,
but before the deputation retired, she
was able to express her thanks in
fitting terms.
The Grand Lodge of Masons, of
Manitoba, concluded their session
Thursday night. Canon O'Meara was
elected grand master.
An important mooting of delegates
of all the Northwest boards of trade
was held in Winnipeg Friday night.
It was decided to urge the appointment of a separate board for Manitoba
grain inspection.
Treasurer Ross delivered his budget
speech Thursday evening in the Ontario legislature, The principal increase in the revenue was that derived
from licenses, some $40,000 moro
than had been estimated. The increase, he attributed to tbe repeal of
the Scott Act in several counties.
He looked for a atill larger revenue
from the same source this year, as the
repeal of the aot ln several other
count ies seemed probable.
The services at Holy Trinity churoh
were conducted yesterday morning by
tho Venerable Archdeacon Woods, assisted by Rov. Phillip Woods. The
Venerable Archdeacon took his text
from Matthew, 20th chapter Oth verse:
"Why stand ye here all the day idle,"
and preached both on eloquent and
practical sermon. He first explained
that the church observed certain festivals, certain seasons of prayer and
certain seasons of self-denial. Those
who wished to follow Jesus must deny
themselves some of this world's pleasures. The cross must be cheerfully
taken up and the bearer must follow
Jesus faithfully and earnestly In
many tilings we must deny ourselves
daily. The church appoints the next
throe weeks aa a time for preparation
for Lent and therefore it should be a
time of self-denial to us. We are reminded iu the Gospel of the good work
God has prepared fcr us; the whole
raco of mankind has been called to
work in God's vineyord ond therefore
should not be idle but take up the
cross und follow Him. Where Bhall
we work? In God's vineyard—the
soul. We all know whero the work
lies ond whore the Bin lies which
should bo removed ; so stand not idle
but begin now. The garden of the
soul is choked with such u tangled
nmss of weeds, thorns aud briars which
prevent the light of God's goodness
entering. But these sins must be removed and lhe garden must be cleared
of oil that chokes the good word. The
venerable arohdeacon concluded by
making an earnest appeal to the people to begin preparations so that when
the Lenten season arrived their souls
might be in a lit state to follow out
the Church's luws regarding it.
At tlie Baptist church last evening
Rev. Thos. Baldwin said: I will
read from 5th, (ith and 7th chapters of
Exodus portions that will form the
basis of our study this evening—Sth
chap. 2nd verse, 6th chap. 2nd verso
to clme of flth verse, 7th chap. 2nd
verso to close of 5th verse. Infidels
sny, "If the Lord hardened Pharoah's
heart and then punished him for what
he did. He can not bo just to mnn, and
thnt settles the question.'' No question ahould be deoided without full
enquiry into its many complicated
parts. It is established in English
common law thut sentence should not
bu pronounced until all the facts wore
given in ovidence. First, did the
prisoner do it at all, under whut circumstances, was it with malice aforethought, or did he commit the deed in
self-defence, und what extenuating
circumstances were there ; these hove
all In be hoard beforo judgment iB left
to the jury, and while this prinoiple is
established in the judgment of man
the same should be dono when the
doings of the Creator are considered.
God's providence comes to us in so
many ways that Bis goodness is not in
many cases readable on the surface,but
we have to take tho antecedent causes.
God made promises to His peoplo, n< it
individually, but complex ; not to
Abraham for himself, but to Abraham
as the representative of the nation.
As tho linos of God's providence wero
in the majority of cases national, so
Pharoah was doalt with ns the representative of the nation, and that alters
tho case. Nations have no soul, no
future, and if God has to punish as a
nation He must do it for the time
beiug. Didn't God punish America
for the horrors of the slavery of the
South 1 He had to punish in the
present sense, and is not that shown
in His dealings withother nations'! To
Abraham God said: "I will call
thee, etc.," and "In thee will I make
a covenant." God made Abraham a
trustee, and when God made promises
to Abraham it was for Israel. When
your wife placed confidence in you,
you promised not only to succor her,
but to defend her, and if a man is
getting in at the window it is your
duty to encuuntor him in her defence.
God promises two things—to be a provider and defender. When you make
a deed you warrant it against encumbrance, you defend the buyer againBt
any indebtedness ; on your part, you
not only give them possession, but
you give thom this protection ; and
Gud gives His people possession, "You
shall go into that oountry," but He
also protects them. The sinner says,
God is a good God and He wont punish.
But Bide by sido are His promises nnd
Hu judgments. Over the mountain
He sees this poopio groaning under a
torrible hondago, and He says, I will
rescue them, 1 will deal out justice ;
and so. in a national sense, the question opens up between God, Pharoah,
and His poople, and when you niurow
up you contract into dealing with God
and Pharoah olone. You do wrong.
God looks ahead,seos the extraordinary
sorrow of His peoplo, and says that Ho
will punish the Egyptians. If a judge
here, after the orimo was proved, sentenced the prisoner, then commuted
the sentence and lot him loose upon
the community ogain, the whole community would be up in arms at once,
but when God keeps His promise you
question His wisdom, and in the order
of civilization He is keeping His
promise to-day. Pharoah deserved
punishment, he was responsible; never
were a people more favored. In the 7
year's famine they would have been
exterminated but for Joseph. Black-
stone says that when a law passes and
is published, and a man comes and
commits an offence againBt that law, it
is no extenuation to plead ignorance ;
he should have known the law. God
published to Egypt His olemenoy and
His favor, in the miraculous increase
of the Hebrew nation; that left
Pharaoh without excuse; but Pharaoh
by edict ordered the nurses to put to
death the malo ehildren. But these
midwives refused to commit the
atrooities; and against these signs,
these protests, still more did Pharoah
oppress them with all manner of tyr-
rany, revolting tyrrany, so hard that
they groaned under it, and God heard
their ory aud respected His covenant,
and went down to deliver them.
That alters the oomplexion of the oase.
Pharoah said: "Who is the Lord,
that I should obey His voice and let
Israel go?" But when the mighty
power of God was wrought upon him
and hiB people, he came down into
different tones; ond this to-day
teaohes us that God's wrath is terriblo
to contemplate, HiB frown is our hell;
and if the smiling countenance and
beneficial hand in the many ways He
blesses means anything, what if He
turns, and we, too, ory for the rocks
and mountains to fall on us. lt is not
a question of fire or brimstone, literally, but if we have God's frown it will
be sufficient. God's judgments and
power is enough to cope with every
evil nation, and no man raises his
hand against HiB poople, His word or
His work shall prosper. As Pope
Pius IX invoked the aid of the civil
power, tho same power God used
against him. "He that takoth the
sword shall perish by the sword," and
in dealing with Pharoah God was only
defending a promise, and we never find
God using supererogation, never find
Him doing things not necessary ; this
man's heart was foul, hard, alienated,
not subject to God's will; do you
think that God needed to harden His
heart past the Hebrew meaning 1 My
impression is that what was true iii
Pharoah's case, is tiue in our's to-day,
that all the softening influences you
and I have is the bearing of God's
Spirit upon us, and the spirit of enterprise, travel, discovery, architecture,
all achievements of the lost half century, are the result of tho direct striving of the Spirit of God,and we ought
to recognize andascribetoIIimHisdue,
and here he has made a promise of
eternal life, and if you, the most un-
reformed, will accept his promise, he
has prepared a place for you to dwell,
bye and bye. He has shown His love
by the universality of His goodness,
nnd by our being nccepted into the
brotherhood of Christ. By these I
argue myself into a faith that will
go through five and water, and, in view
of God's faithfulness to His people,
I warn you to Uy away from His
enemies and escape His judgments,
and may it be that none of us come
short of His glory.
The rev. gentleman evinces a desire
for punctuality by opening tho servico
"on time,'' and it would be well if the
congregation were to second his efforts
in this matter as thore seems to be no
reason why they should not discontinue the habit of interrupting tho servico by coming in late. Mr. Rasure
conducted thu after meeting.
At the Methodist church yesterday
morning Rov. Mr. McKay of Vancouver assisted the pastor in tho service,
and spoko of God's forgiveness, from
Hebrews 10 c, 17 v.,—"And thoir sins
and inquities will 1 remember no
more," and quoted a number of passages in the Old and New Testament
to prove it was God's naturo to forgive,
contrasting the character of His forgiveness—its abundance, and infinite
perfeotnesss—as against Man's contracted, narrow, incomplete, halfway
forgiveness. Sin onco forgiven by God
would never be laid to our charge
again, would be remembered no more,
aud ns a cloud under the influence of
of the sun be blotted out forever, and
and separate from us us fur as the east
in infinite space is from the west, and
when we approach Him for forgiveness
He expeots that we forgive even as He
forgives. The reverend gentleman
quoted from Psalm 130 o„ 4v., Daniel
9c, Iiv., Psalms 103c. 3 and 10v., Isiah
65 c, 7 v., 44 c, 22 v., Micah 7c, 19
v., Epliesains 4 c, 32 v., to prove the
various points of his subject.
In the evening evungilestio services
were commonced and will be continued
throughout the week.
Chilliwack Council.
The municipal council of Chilliwack
held their regular meeting ot the council
chambers, on tho 4th February. Present,
Reeve Cawley, and Couns, Lickmau,
Reece, Bayley, Kennedy, and Armstrong.
Communications: From D. McGillivray,
concerning irregularities at tho municipal
olection, ordered on file, and clerk instructed to write; frotn tho government,
cencerning same matter; from C. B.
Sword, conveying resolutions passed at a
meeting at Mission re traffio bridge across
Fraser river, clerk instructed to reply.
Petitions: From D. Greyell aud othors,
asking for on appropriation for the road
on the Bouth bank of Camp Slough, laid
over; from residents of Big Prairio, asking for un allowance on road, referred to
board of works. Tho following bills wero
received and ordered paid: S, Millard,
$1.75, stationery; B. Bartlett, $24.06,
gravelling contract; William McDonald,
$16.26, levelling gravel on trunk road;
H. Ramsey, $30, for work on Big Prairie
rond; A. Cruikshnnks, $89, contract on
Lewis Creek bridge: A. Davison, $1, rebate taxes; Sheriff Armstrong, $272.68,
suit of Knight Bros. vs. corporation, G.
Rutherford, $77.60, contract on South
Sumas rood. The "Municipal Officers'
By-law" passed its third reading. The
officers for 1890 are as follows: Clerk, 8.
A. Cawley; assessor and collector, H.
Webb; treasurer, Henderson Bros.; fence
viewers, John Barber, William Chadsey
and W. H. Cawley; pound-keepers,
Matthew Hall, T. Domville, H. Kipp, C.
S. Ryder and John Bell. Adjourned to
meet March 4th, 1889.
Richmond Council.
Counoil met on Monday, Fob. Ilth; all
present. Communications: R, C. P, M.
Co., offering lumber at current rates,
with 60 per cent off for cash; from the
auditor's office, Victoria, stating he could
not trace amounts paid by voucher in
this municipality; from C. B. Sword,
Mission, asking the council to co-operate
in securing a combined railway and traffio
bridge across the Frasor at that point;
steps taken were endorsed by this council and the scheme recommended to tho
members of tho district; the committee
reported having secured permission from
Mr, Sexmith to open roadway from the
bridge location to town hall, along the
river insldo the dyke, and recommend
that steps be taken at once to open thej
line of road. The board of works was-
instructed to strike ont a line for roadi
and call for tenders for clearing roadway,!
through tho timber.
. O. D. Sweet, delegate to the conven-J
tion for the purpose of organising a fruits
grower's association in B.C., mado a
somewhat lengthy report to the effeetl
that the association had been enthusiastically organized. (Tho report in detail]
was substantially tho same as presented,!
by our delegate to the oity council a few!
weeks ago, and published at the time,*
On motion, tho communication from]
W. H. Ladner, M.P.P., was considered
and soveral important changes in thej
statutes recommended.    (1) Respecting]
the collection of rond taxes from pai tied
resident in the municipalities not landowners.   (2) Respecting the collection oi
real estate taxes and asking that the law
be simplified and all attempts at evasion
through   technicalities, frustrated.   (3H
Respecting the establishment  of  highfl
ways by municipal councils, espociall *
where  compensation is demanded, and
favoring the continuation of tho gaz ttinS
of highways by tho lands and works df,
partmont, os formerly.   (4) Respeotin'
tho granting of liquor licenses in inuuioi
palitios, and osking that tho statute]
may bo so framed that the full control ci
the sale of liquors shall be placed in th,
hands of the electors, either by tho righj
of petition or by a diroot voto on all byj
laws regulating the granting of liconsesi
(5) Respecting the right of ratepayers tj
vote on loan by-laws, and favoring th>;
granting to any person tho right to voti
on all such by-laws, in case they hav»
paid all taxes ten days previous to thf
electiou.   ' j
On motion the reeve was instructed tfl
lay theso matters boforo tho distririj
members and to urge upon thom to Bej
cure these changes in tho stotutes ot th'
present session of tho legislature.
Tho question of damages to road 0/
Sea Island, adjacent to the Indian re!
serve, on account of said reserve ncl
being dyked, was discussed, nnd comma'
mentions were ordered to be sent to thr
members for tho distriot with a viow t
having tho matter recoiisidored at once
Tho board of works wero instructed ij
let contracts for the construction of roai:
authorized by the "Loan By-law, 1888,,
Tho "Municipal Officers and Salai'
By-law" and the "Assessment By-lawi!
received their second readings.
The following bills wero ordered paiii
Eli Lander, on contract on Sea Islamj
$100; J. Brodarick, on road No. 0, $681
25. Tho council adjourned to meet oj
tho 1st Saturday in Maroh next. i
Says the Mail: A close reude,
of the trade and navigation returrl
for 1888 might gather therefrotj
that the gay and festive whale an
other monsters of the deep dispoij
themselves in the waters of Lak'
Winnipeg and Manitoba. Anion;
the exports from Manitoba are mer'
tioned, 8,820 gallons of whale o
and many "skins of marine animals;)
It seems, however, that the trad,
returns from York Factory, on Hui'
son's Bay, aro included in those set
to Ottawa from Winnipeg, though
the blue-book makes no mention t.
the faot. The lakes mentioned at
well stocked with fish, but the
contain no whales.
.' BULL,•'Gugartha Prlnceflth"; calve
ay 8th, 1887. Price, $200; In good col
ditlonand fit for service. Applyto
wfeBmS Lulu iKland.j
Uwhauk. containing 91 acres, 50 I
which are in good state of cultivation
4 acres lu orchard. Eighty tons of ha.
and grain were grown on the E0 acr*
hist Beat-on, Comfortable house und franc-
barn and outbuilding!*. Fine mou n tal
stream runs across farm, Prico $;,*jC
This Is a splendid chance. For furthji
particulars apply, personally, or by lett*'
to C. RYDER,     I
febS-w-tc ChllUwhackJ
Merchant TaiM
Mr. Elson will bo at the Colonial Hoi
tho flrst Wednesday In oaou month I
the purpose of taking orders,     dw'a28t<j
J\ Farm to rent; about 23 miles aboj
New Westminster; within easy accetsj
post-office,church, public school, railwl
station und steamer landing. The Fan
is well supplied with all necessary bul,
ings and Implement-*. There ure 13 In'
of stock on tno premises which can e tl
bo purchased outright or farmed |
shares. This Is a very favorable chan
for un energetic man with small capltj
Columbia St., New Westminster, 1
Fob. 11,1889. wfe!3m '
New WOJtmm*ter and vicinity t1 j
they have ou hand for spring planting..!
Choice Fruit Tree
Also, a Large Stock of
Small Fruits, Plants, Shrubs,'
AU mall orders will receive prompt
tool lon. Addiess,
dwfelSml       New Westminster, B. I.
"Wo™ 8,000,000 pmpIs boll.™ tb,
ol U» lutwt ana mart reluXL -n». »n J r Ly
Ferry's Seed
icknowledgod to be „
' '.argost Seedsiti
n the work,
'IltuBlrated.Doiu j
Uto oiid Price'
For 1809 I
. tuollappliorurla, i
. .  tolMtXMr'BCUBtOC
„ -MttumtstKiatH. im
oM.lonjl. jsjauansoniw
• lialituN.
D. M. FERRY ICO., Windsor, ***m
(ish Columbian
nlng, Feb. HO, lssu.
,|nployed by  Messrs.
ib, of the Wellington
forking at whut is
Sabiston  and  Home
ed into a seven-foot
j coal.   This property
■Millstream Volley on
hof the East Welling-
U the work of opening
.prosecuted with the
Suite a number of men
lat this  work.—Colo-
less Journey.
rom London, Out.,
, this city has been all
\ ing that did not take
Ity, although the in-
I come all the way
■British Oolumbia, to
-tract. The interested
Juliet Eaton Boding-
|mas Martin, musical
iellmuth Ladies' Ool-
.nrnot Miss Boding-
[<rs ago  in British Co-
Rl an ardent courtship
Vhon he came to this
londence was regular
lfl the arrangements
a for the wedding en-
.icross the continent
re prospective bride.
•a without seeing each
tlifference, but what
- the parties have kept
(-The wedding wns to
e residence of Mrs.
known musician. The
.aged and invitations
in three hours of the
(fin. Barron, who was
t man, went around
oncerned that the of-
o sensation that fol-
- on tbe Skeena.
account  pf a fatal
nt on the Skeena has
om Kev. G. F.   Hop-
missionary  at Port
i accident occurred on
r,   botween Aberdeen
ton sometime   during
|. 19th, 1888, by whioh
who was employed by
jerican  Packing  Corn-
Indian  named  Henry
heir livos.   They weut
'boo  Ply  from  Port
erdeen  to  borrow  a
fish boat to tako some
ho  British  American
iiy to Fort   Simpson,
'ark the some evening,
wind, but   never  or-
estinatiou.   The  boat
:i up the next ovening,
losed   down  before it
again to tow it to shore,
in found except part of
t and a box  of apples
Uo the  Indians.   The
.1  likely  prevent the
ing at  present.     The
tion is that they  were
'1  both  sails  set and
'that a  gust  of  wind
Uxatoll inlet and over-
d before the Bails could
r, Faulkner leaves rela-
le in Novo  Scotia,  but
die seems to know. He
man  about 30 years
ci Council.
,'fc the town Hall on Tnes-
All tho members were
.unications were received
1 n tho coast meridian and
lookway and Kensington
also from C. B. Sword,
ut from Geo. Boothroyd,
m A, McLean, $10, wero
.There being no applica-
.isitiou of clerk, assessor
I. T, Thrift was appoint-
and Couns. McCallum,
'.jn and Brown reported
'•' of work in tho several
reoeiyod and approved,
istructod to receivo a de-
1' tho work performed by
^surveyor during the year
-Calliiin was instructed to
ind specifications and in-
>/ certain work on coast
: of Yale road. Coun.
-tructed to expend $10 on
,n road. Conn, Arm-
■uctctl to examine site of
n on Kensington Prairie
on estimated cost at next
lieil endorsed resolution
'on re railway and traffic
Iraser.   The revenue, sal-
_'ment bylaws were all ad-
'■ third reading.   Tho as-
B-noted, in making tho assess all roal estato to its
j clerk was instructed to
.ith D. Chisholm, M.P.,
lopriatious for tho Nico-
i-ntino river, and for con-
Boundary Bay and Fraser
iso, with Hon, J. Robson,
, appropriations be mado
[ids in tho corporation,
lave notico of motion at
fCouncil adjourned until
[arch 27th, at 11 o'olook,
ye took place in Mon-
Pillow, Horsey & Co. 's
.largest in Canada, were
equently the fire, sup-
1, broke out again  and
Sutreal rolling and' Ogil-
and elevator full of
mghly estimated that
toll about two  million
Viotoria, Feb. 14.—The houso met
at 2 p.m.; prayers by Rt. Rev. Bishop
The petition of Jas Fields and othors,
tor mail service to Vancouver, was
The petition of R. G. Tatlow, Henry
Hoy, Thomas Dunn and others asking
for the incorporatiou of a railway to
conneot FraBer river with Vancouver,
and to bo known as the Vanoouver
and Fraser River Short Line Railway,
was received.
The potition of the Coquitlam
Waterworks Company for a private
bill (amending of act of mcoporation)
The petition of Richard Plunkett
Cooke and others for a private bill
(Oolumbia and Kootenay Railway
Navigation Company Incorporation)
was received.
The petition of the Vancouver Street
Railway Company was received.
Mr. Beaven introduced a bill entitled "An Act to repeal sections 10 and
11 of the 'Magistrate Aot,' " 51 Vio,
chap. 78, (volume 1. Consolidated
AotB, 1888.)
Mr. Bolo movod the second reading
of bush fire bill. He explained that
great loss had been sustained from
bush fires on tho mainland and the
object of the bill was to prevent carelessness by ensuring punishment therefor.
Bill passed through committee and
and was reported complete with
The attomey-goneral corrected a
a report of his remark in the Colonist
which had made him speak coarsely
and disrespectfully of deputy returning
the election regulation bill was considered in committee. Committee
finally reported progress and asked
leave to sit again,
The Legal Professions Bill was considered by a committee of the whole.
After considerable discussion a motion
was made that the committeo rise,
which was carried by a vote of 13 to 8.
The following vote for killing the bill
was taken: A. E, B. Davie, Allen, T.
Davie, Fry, Tolmie, Dunsmuir, Martin, Croft, Mason, Nason, Cowan,
Bole, Baker.
The attorney-general introduced a
bill respecting the registration ot
The chairman of the standing orders
committee reported the New Westminster & Southern Railway bill.
House then adjourned till Monday.
Mr. T. Davie—To introduce an act
entitled "An Act respecting Pharmacy."
Mr Mason—To move the following
resolution : "That whereas it is in
the highest degree desirable to promote in eveiy legitimate way tho
development of our quartz mines, and
whereas tho class of machinery required for working suoh quartz mines
is not at present manufactured within
the Dominion of Canada, therefore be
it resolved that in the opinion of this
house, it is desirable that representation should be made to the federal
government requesting them to exempt
from taxation all suoh machinery which
cannot be mode in Canada that may be
imported into this province for quartz
mining purposes."
Mr Bole—To ask the hon, leader of
the government: "Have any steps
been taken towards giving effect to
the resolution of this house passed
last session with respeot to the desirability of establishing quarantine
stations at Westminster, Vancouvor
and Nanaimo."
Mr Bole—To ask the hon. leader of
the government: ' 'In view of the
present orer crowded state of the
asylum for the insane, it is the intention of the government to place a sum
on the estimates to make the necessary
addition to the existing buildings!
If so, what sum !"
Mr Ladner—To ask the hon chief
commissioner of lands and works:
"Have the government made proposition to the C.P.R. Co. to have the
proposed bridge across the Fraser,
near St Mary's Mission, built to serve
the purpose of a traffio bridge, according to the resolution passed at the
public meeting held at Matsqui, St
Mary's Mission, and Mount Lehman,
in January last ?   If not, why  not i"
Late Despatches.
,-iehyn of Quebeo de-
Midget speech Saturday
'.raiicing that the 8ov-
■'surplus of $373,190 itt
as over ordinary reve-
is being ordinary ro-
,-28, ordinary  expendi-
Speoial to The Columbian.]
Victoria, Feb. 16 — Tho session of
the grand lodge of I.O.O.F. closod last
night. The following oflicers were
duly installed: Grand Marshal, J. E,
Phillips, New WestminBter; Grand
Commander, J O Henderson, Chilliwhack; Grand Guardian, J Crossen,
Nanaimo; Grand Horald, W Huxtablo,
ViotoriajGrand Chaplain, W E Holmes,
Victoria; District deputies, division No
1: T J Partridge, Victoria; 2, R H
Baker, New Westminstor; 3, A Mo
Gregor, Nnnaimo; 4, B Shearing,Wellington; 5, J McOutohoon, Ohilliwhack;
6, T C Gray, Vancouver; S Clarke,
Kamloops. Tho Distriot Doputy degree of Rebecca Sisters, A Young, ViotoriajGrand Instructor and Past Grand
Master, W McColl, New Westminster;
W H Flewin, Victoria. Retiring
Grand Master J Davis was presented
with a handsome Past Grond Mooter's
Jewel. It is a most elaborate affair,
made of massive gold, set with diamonds and other precious stones.
Emblems of tho order and provinoial
coat of arms on the surface are in raised
gold. Tho jewel bears tho following
inscription: "Presonted to Joshua
Davies, retiring Grond Master, by the
brothers of the jurisdiction of British
Columbia, Viotoria, B.C., Feb. 15th,
1889." A banquet waB held in the
Clarenco hotel lost night, and was a
grand success. Fully 80 brothers
were present. Visiting delegates left
for their homes this morning.
During the past fow years London has had a Socioty of Amateur
Geologists, whioh studies geology on
Saturday afternoon excursions.
Ottawa, Feb. 15.—An order-in-
council haB been passed which provides,
in connection with applications for
salmon fishery licenses, that foreign
subjects who have heretofore been engaged and are now interested in the
salmon fishery, shall continue to be
granted licenses upon the recommendation of the inspector of fisheries, and
with tho approval of the minister of
fisheries. An order-in-council haB
been passed which provides regarding
the Esquimalt dry-dook, that eaoh day
shall be counted frum 7 a.m., and
each fractional part of a day shall be
charged as one day.
Mr, Prior has introduced a bill to
incorporate the Viotoria, NewWestminster and Saanich Railway.
The report of the department of
agriculture shows there are 19 patients in Lazaretto Tracadie, N. B. In
its early history the institution contained twice the present number of
lepers. The whereabouts of the patient who escaped last year is tow
known to be near Boston, and Dr.
Smith, the inspector, reports that the
leper is about to return to . Canada,
being now unable to earn a living.
Messrs. Prior, Barnard, Gordon,
Chisholm, Mara, Senator Reid, and
Senator McDonald, saw Sir John Macdonald to-day, and asked him to see
that the new line of Pacific steamers
calls at Viotoria, both on the outward
and inward voyages. The premier replied that the Dominion government
in this matter waB in the hands of the
Imperial government. Sir Arthur
Blackwood, the secrotary of the English postoffiee, had already declared
that the delay necessitated by calling
at Victoria would be too great. Mr.
Goschen at first opposed granting ' an
Imperial Bubsidy, but finally yielded
after pressure by the admiralty on condition that the Dominion subsidised a
fast line of Atlantic steamers, the object being to secure the transit through
Canadian territory of as much through
business as possible.
The house was in supply all day considering the appropriations for the
marino, interior and privy council departments.
Hon, Peter Mitchell assailed the
government for ils fishery policy, and
warned Sir John of the dangers of impending retaliatory legislation by the
United States.
Sir Riohard Cartwright reoeived a
dressing down from the minister of
marine and fisheries.
Sir John Moodonald announced
that the mounted police canteen kept
at Regina by a civilian has been transferred to tho control of tho police
quartermaster. Tho canteen question
is a source of controversy in the Northwest, soveral newspapers there having
declared it to be mismanaged.
San Francisco, Feb. 16.—Tho str.
Mariposa arrived from Sydney and
Samoa this morning. J. O. Klein, the
correspondent whom the Germans accuse of leading the attack on their
sailors and marines on Dec. 17th, was
among the passengers, having left
Samoa because of the announcement
that the Germans intended to arrest
him. The following is the history of
events at Samoa sinco January 3rd, on
which date four hundred followers of
Tamasese deserted for Malietoa. On
the morning of the Oth the residence
of the German consulate and store
houses were burnod, entailing a loss of
$100,000. At first the "German consul swore tne Americans and English
were responsible for the casualty, but
it was finally proved the fire was accidental. On the 14th several of Tamo-
sese's canoes were observed going to
the German warship Adler, whioh was
getting up steam, and Capt, Mullan,
of the U. S. ship Nipsic, inquired
what the preparations were for, but
did not obtain an answer. Next day
it was ascertained that Tamasese had
intended making a .descent on Apia
that night and the boats had come
down to notify the German ships to be
ready for the attack. They learned,
however, that Mataafa was ready for
them and remained away. A few
days later a boat belonging to Capt.
Hamilton, the American whose property was destroyed in tho bombard
ment of one of Mataafa's villages, was
seized by tho Germans but shortly released. The German consul on Jim.
19th issued a proclamation of war and
doclored Samoa undor martial law.
Several vessels on arriving were not
allowed to land thoir cargoes until
they had boen examined by the Germans for contraband of war. Tlio day
following the proclamation tho Britiih
consul ordered British subjects to pay
no attention to it, although the proc-
clamation stated citizens of all nations
on the island were under martial law,
and for any offence against the Btated
regulations would bo liablo to prose
cution by oourt mnrtial. On tho same
day Klein, the correspondent, received
information the Germans were about
to place him under arrest and take
him on board one of their men-of-war,
there lo be sentenced to deportation,
and perhaps death, by court martial,
his chief offence boing his alleged
leading of Mataafa's troops against the
Germans. Klein thereupon conferred
with tho American consul, Blakelook,
and Capt. Mullen, who advised him
to go on board the Nipsic or he might
be seized and could not bo released
without protracted diplomatic negotiations. Klein, finding himsolf watched
by Gorman officers, left his house nt a
late hour on the night of the 21st, ran
the gauntlet of the Gorman guard and
escaped to the Nipsic. That some day
the German guard boarded the British
steamer Richmond and arrested an
English tourist named Gillan, as a
spy for interviewing Mataafa and making sketches. The commander of the
British warship Royalist notified the
Adler's commander that if Gillan wos
not roleasod forthwith ho would be
token by forco, The Royalist was immediately cleared for action, but the
Germans gave Gillan up, The 24th
was the day for another proclamation
by the Germans,   Thii was to the
effect that citizens of all nationalities
would be soarched for arms, Copt.
Mullan, of the Nipsic, wroto a very
strong protest against this pioclama-
tion, but the German consul ignored
it. On the 24th Papt. Fritz, of the
Adlor, requested Cnpt. Mullan to surrender Klein to the German military
on the Adler, Capt. Mullan replied
that, as a commander in the American navy, he would protect any American citizen, and Klein could not be
tried by any military tribunal in
Samoa, therefore he declined to give
him up. The German consul on the
31st made an urgent request for an in-
cerview with Mataafa in the interest
of peace, but failed to meet the king
up to Feb, 1st, tho day the Mariposa
left Samoa. There had been no fighting, the opposing forces, roniaining in
their strongholds.
Londok, Feb. 16.—Sir CharleB Tupper responded for "Onr Oolonial Empire" at the banquet to-night to Lord
Onslow, the new govornor of Now Zoo-
land. Regarding rumored political
changes in Oanada Sir Charles Tupper
Baid that the rumors much amused him.
He earnestly hoped that the day waB
far distant when Sir John Macdonald
would be replacod by another man.
As to the rumors of a dissolution of
the Canadian parliament on the annexation question he was convinced that
the annexation of. Canada by the United States would not be considered in
our time. If Sir John Macdonald
should ever be succeeded by a French-
Canadian no danger wo Id arrive to
the intimate union of tiio Dominion
with the- Mothor Land. For the
Queen had no more loyal or devoted
subjects than the Canadians of French
decent, The progress of Canada since
confederation had shown that while
desirous of most friendly relations
with the United States Canada by no
means is dependent upon the United
States. No commercial or fiscal consideration operated in favor of such a
union. On the contrary he wob absolutely confident that whatever political
party might be in powor Canadians
would stand shoulder to shoulder in
emergency to defend and maintain the
Empire. The speeoh was warmly applauded.
San Francisco, Feb. 16.-John
Ohristiafferson, of the U.S. steamer
Nipsic is one of the passengers of the
Mariposa. He is returning to his
home on leave of absence. To a roporter he stated: "The trouble in Samoa will surely end in war if immediate action is not taken by the U. S.
The Germans take advantage of every
opportunity to insult Americans, and
.arc growing bolder every day." He
repons that the U.S. vessels are compelled to keep a close watch over the
German mon-of-war who are adopting
every means to capture tho entiro
islands, if su ordered.
"»ull» Marking la Schools.
Editor Columbian.—As this is a question which interests every man, woman
aud child in the country (except the Chinese and a few old bachelors and maids),
I hope you will pardon me for desiring
to ventilate the subject in your paper.
First, tho teachers institutes of Viotoria,
Vancouver, Nanaimo and New Westminster districts have condemned the system. Tho text-book authorized by the
government for the use of the teachers of
the province condemns it in these strong
torms: Balwin, page 349, "Teaching vs.
Marking. (1) Marking machines belong
to a past age. Few schools con now bear
the incubus of daily marking. (2). Daily
marking exerts a baleful influence. Pupils are stimulated to study to recite
rather than to know. (3). The business
of the teacher is teaching, not marking.
Daily marking wastes much of his
energy. No marking is better than daily
marking, (4). Marking must nover interfere with teaching." Again, page 277:
"Studying to recite is ono of tho greatest
evils connected with school life. In many
schools the pupils who study to know are
the exceptions. The lessen is recited
glibly to-day; but forgotten to-morrow.
Good marks aro seoured; but tho ohild is
not educated." Again, page 329: "Daily
marking is a relic of the old education,
and is an inoubua and a mistake. Un-
philosophical, it tends to mislead teacher
and pupil. It wastes precious time and
gives no equivalent. As a rule, pupils
should not be marked oftener than onoo
in two weeks." In a lotter of the superintendent of education to the Nanaimo
teachers' institute, this sentence ocours:
'As daily marking has beon made compulsory hy legislative enactment, we have
no alternative hut to obey; hence tho
only instructions required oro that the
demands of statute must bo striotly complied with." You will observe that Mr.
Pope includes himsolf with tho teachers.
What docs tho toxt-hook say, pago 193!
"Toachcrs havo rights; to insist on theso
is noblo. A truckling, cowardly sycophant iB not fit to be a teacher. The
teacher has the .absolute control of the
internal workings of the school. He is
responsible for results, and hence must
bo left untrammelled to reach results in
his own way. The teacher hos tho absolute right to classify, teach, and govern
tho school. Parents ond school boards
may suggest aud advise, but not dictate,
Tho competent teacher knows bost, the
incompotont teacher should bo speedily
removed." Pago 352: "Teoohers'reports
should be such as to Impose the minimum
of extra labor." Would it not bo in order now for the government to cancel
tho authorization of this text book; because it so completely swamps them?
Then ropool tho daily marking olauso of
tho aot of lost session, because these four
teachers' institutes dosiro it repealed,
and thon estoblish a normal school to
raise up a generation of teachers aftor
their own heart ?
Yours truly,
J. N. Mum.
Joe Chandler, who attempted to
kill Supt. Sheffield, at Montreil. was
present in court while Sheffield was
giving evidence at tho preliminary enquiry, and appeared highly amused at
the proceedings, and continually rubbed his hands and smiled. He said
he considered himself a hero and a
martyr in the cause of railroad porters.
Cremation has been legalized in
Sweden, and is likely soon to be
authorized in Norway.
The non-rusting property of aluminium bronze has led tho Austrian
government to experiment with it
as a material for gun-barrels.
Late researches tend to show that
persons short of food in mid-ocean
might support life indefinitely if
prouided with appliances for capturing the small marine fauua which
is very abundant in the Atlantic,
and probably in all temperate and
warm marine waters.
A well-polished glass rod, rendered
luminous throughout its length by a
small electrio lamp at one end, is
used by two Vienna physicians for
illuminating from the outside some
of the cavities of the body, such as
the larynx and the nose. Placed
against the skin of the throat it
lights up the interior of the larynx
sufficiently for  surgical operations,
Birth of Nbw Plant Species.—.
The plants recently collected from
Christmas Island by the English
Admiralty prove to be closely allied
to those of Java. Yet their insulation has had the effect of making
them mostly unlike their Java congeners, though not sufficiently different to be specifically distinguished
In this gradual alteration Mr. W.
T. Thiselton Dyer sees "a manifest
case of nascent species."
Beet-Sugar in Europe, ■— The
first beet-sugar factory was established in Lower Silesia, near the close
of last century, but was unsuccessful.
What was called the true method of
extracting beet sugar was laboriously
developed about the beginning of
this century, but suoh improvements
have since been made that forty por
cent less beet is now required to
produce a given quantity of sugar
than in 1836. Germany, the chief
producer, now has 401 factories,
with 3000,000 acres under beet
cultivation, and turns out about a
million tons of beet-sugar yearly.
France and Austria-Hungary produce about half a million tons eaoh,
Russia and Poland about 350,000
tons, and Belguim 90,000 tons.
The Eleotrio Blowpipe, — The
ordinary methods of electric welding
by passing the current through the
points to be fused together are not
convenient for all purposes, and Prof
Samuel Sheldon, of Harvard University, suggests what he believes
would be better for many cases. The
pole of a powerful magnet strongly
attracts or repels the electric arc,
which may by this means be driven
out sideways into a point very similar to the point of flame projected
from an ordinary blowpipe. At the
end of this point the heat is intense,
being sufficient to melt large copper
wire instantly and to fuse any of
the metals, It would serve admirably for welding, and a slight alteration would fit any arc lamp to
perform the double function of lighting and welding.
Our Commonest Plants. — Grasses, aB Dr. H. Trimen states, are
the most universally diffused over
the globe of all flowering plants,
there being no district in which
they do not occur, while in nearly
all they are a leading and dominant
feature of the flora. Two other
orders—CompositaetxA Leguminosae
—contain a greater number of species than the Qramineae, but none
has so many individual plants. The
species of grasses probably number
about 6000, and they form about
one-twentieth of the flowering plants
as a whole, though in almost any
given locality this proportion is
largely exceeded. The actual proportion of species of grasses to the
whole flower-bearing flora in different countries is found to vary from
about one-fourth in the Arctic
regions to about one-twenty-fifth at
the Oape of Good Hope. It is about
one-twelfth in the British Isles and
in the United States, increasing to
one-eighth in the southorn part of
the latter.
Life Man Cannot See. — Not
only are the ultimate divisions of
matter vastly beyond man's powers of assisted vision, but even living
animals are known of such smallness
that the most powerful microscopes
fail to reveal them. According to
Dr. Royston-Pigott, the .bacilli (rod-
shaped bacteria) of typhoid fever
are filaments only 1-500 of an inch
long and 1-125,000 of nn inch thick.
Such germs are gigantic, however,
in comparison with some of the
micrococci (spherical bacteria) seen
in putrid meat influsions. These
are usually from 1-25,000 to 1-30,-
000 of an inch in thickness, and are
sometimes inconceivably more minute. The smallest of the micrococci
are discoverable in decomposing
cod's head, the organisms on bursting
from their parental sac being .utterly
too small to be recognized by any
instrument. It is estimated that at
birth they must measure considerably less than one millionth of an
inoh, and they can only be discovered
after somo hours of growth. Yet
when first visible their forms comprehend the special apparatus of their
fuller organized life.
Some Aneodotes About a Pleasing
m Custom of Society.
How a Gentleman Should Manipulate Bla
Tile When   Meeting lady Acquaintances—Tbe DlnVrirnce Between a
WeU-Bred Man and a Boor.
A woman's role is to seem utterly oblivious of her bonnet after the parting look
into the mirror establishes the pleasing
truth that it is settled safely and becomingly, remarks a writer in Once a Week. The
man who forgets what he has upon his
head is a boor, incorrigibly absent-minded.
The right manipulation of his hat is like
spelling—it must be learned early and thoroughly, or it comes hard, and is always a
skittish possession.
A mother habitually indulgent to her
children, called her eldest born—a boy of
ten—back when ho had left her on a streot
corner. The lad cowered under the severity
of eye and accent.
"Mover dare leave me in the streets
again without raising your hot 1" she said.
"It is a token of respeot you owe to every
woman, and never forget that your mothor
is a woman I"
The reproof was doubled-barbed. Association with mothers and sisters is excellent
practice ln an exercise that can not be
abated without injury to him wbo takes tho
liberty. "The fellow who nods a cavalier
welcome or farewell to his sister at tho
window, or in the Btreet, will, with the
most gallant intentions, some day, in a fit
of abstraction, or when hurried by business
into forgetfulness of his company manners,
nod as carelessly to some other fellow's
sister, and score a point in favor oftho
rival whose hand, from the force of early
habit and long usage, moves involuntarily
toward the cap brim at the approach of any
woman whose face is familiar to him.
A nod is not a bow. jjj'
To nod to a woman is open disrespect.
The mother who carves the two sentences
and the import thereof upon tho mind of
her boy builds so much better than she
knows as to merit the gratitude of her sex.
Tho bob or duck of the covered head which
salutes a comrade of his gender is barely
pardonable, even in America. Students in
foreign universities would bo sent to Coventry were they to practice it on meeting in
corridor or thoroughfare. Equally general in the older lands, where external
courtesies rank higher than with us, Ib the
custom of doffing the hat on passing a lody
—stranger or acquaintance—on the staircase or in the halls ot hotel or other public
building. In witnessing the effect of the
neglect of the gracious little coremony iu
the country that furnishes the best husbands iu the world it is important to restrain the regretful sigh:
"These things ought ye to have done, and
not leavo the othor undone 1"
The undoing is carried to a disgraceful excess as wedoscend the social scale. The
lower we go the more scanty is the observance of the etiquette and moralities of tho
hat, until we are forced to consider the important adjunct to tho out-door toilet as an
almost infallible barometer of breeding.
Respect of tho rules regulating its management in refined circles is the last sign of
better days and better manners with which
the decayed gentleman parts. Whon his
hand forgets the way to the hat brim, he is
very near the foot of the hill. What a
slangy lad once called in my hearing " the
riot trick" ii likewise that whioh theself-
modo man of ploblan extraction is slowest
to learn. I have soon millionaires forget
to remove their hats in superb drawing
One of the most mortifying experiences
of my earlier married life was the visit to
our country house of a distinguished man
than whom the State held none abler of his
profession. Wo had invited several friends
to meet him, and the dinner given in his
honor passed off smoothly. The lion roared
In a perfectly satisfactory manner, winning
universal admiration. Coffee was served
on tho veranda, and the evening boing cool,
tho groat man called for his hat. He
might have asked permission from the women present to assume it, we thought, but
orators must preserve theirvocalcords from
rust As the chilliness increased, we adjourned to the library, where a fire had been
kindled. There, in the assembled presence
of our choicest neighbors, the great man
wore his hat until the hour of separation!
The recollection is an agony. The inference, borne out by subsequent discoveries,
was inevitable. He was a commoner otthe
commonality and vulgar Ingrain. It ought
to have been impossible for him to commit
such a broach of good manners in any circumstances. The varnish of surface—and
unaccustomed—courtesy, like other cheap
and patent dressing, requires frequent renewal and con not be warranted to wear.
As a grateful contrast, I offeranothor authentic incident. A true gentleman, driving
through the country with his wifo and children, stopped at small farm house to inquire tho way. A child on the front seat of
tho carriago had a view of him as he knocked
at tho door.
"Papa's talking to a lady," chirped the little one. "I can't see her, but I know bo-
cause he took oft his hat when the door
opened, and is standing with his hat in his
The "lady" followed him to the steps as ho
returned to the carriage. Her sleeves wero
rolled up to her shoulders; she wore a shabby
calico gown without a collar. Hor hair waa
unkempt, her arms and hands dripped with
suds. Her parting directions were shrilly
nasal nud ungrammatical. Tho man who
appeared besido hor as a prince beside a
sort, stood with his noble head bared as in
a royal presence.
"How could youl" queried the quick-eyed
occupant ot the frost seat "Bhe wasn't a
bit of a lady."
"Sho was a woman, my boy; and a gentleman is always a gentleman for his own
"Mon can do no end of pntty things with
their hats," sighed a balls to me. "The tootles of that useful article (masculine) are a
scienco—one of the arts. Yet two-thirds ot
them don't half appreciate their privileges
hi that line, or suspect their possibilities."
I saw a man who calls himself a gentleman kiss his betrothed the other day, with
his hat set as immovably on hiB head as if it
had grown there with his growth and
strengthened with his strength!
Fancy a condition ot mind and body that
could make such a thing practicable in a
Christian land, and in the nineteenth oent-
ttiS vi"!'?"--in had ,or h's «w*"Hiii
.,Wh™,"Sited if ho belioved In God,
the'Chinaman replied: "Meknowee
&n .''W 80od m,me". Mr.
ne ood, Mollcan manoe no fooloo
Ohinaman on God-not muoh."
Mayor Kirkland, enthused with his
newly aoquired divinity, made an eloquent appeal, and won the Chinaman's
•UM.-lAbUeM(X<««*) BeportsrT^ Weekly British Columbian
Wednesday Morning, Feb. SO, lsso.
Mr. Labouohere, of London Truth,
hints that Prince Rudolph was "removed" at the instigation of Prince
Bismarck, on account of his pro-
Russian opinions.
"Royalty is as expensive as it is
useless," says the Boston Globe.
But was it not proved that the
quadrennial expenses of the Presidential eleotion are in excess of sums
paid to the Royal Family 1—Empire.
A late Rahmay, N. J., despatch
says: Oharles.Martin, tho young
"Fire bug," was to-day sentenced
to five years' imprisonment. When
the judge asked why he committed
the crimes, the young man said,
"For a little fun."
A French scientist holds that the
human race has greatly diminished
in size since the creation of man,
and says the height of Adam was
over a hundred feet. If this was
the case fig trees must hare also
been a great deal larger there than
St. Paul and Minneapolis Pioneer-Press : Portugal appends her
name to the long list of nations that
have insulted the American flag
and will probably never be any the
worse for it. If this thing continues
much longer, Uncle Sam may yet
have to strike his colors at the
behest of Patagonia or Liberia.
The statistician 1ms been computing the number of puffs indulged in
by tobacco-smokers. In Europe
each inhabitant smokes 2| lbs.,
Holland being by far the smokiest,
with an awful average of 7 lbs. to
each inhabitant. The United States
does well, consuming 4|- lbs. per
inhabitant, while Great Britain and
Ireland get along with 1J lbs. The
non-smoker will be startled at
these figures.
The late Benjamin B. Hotchkiss,
of Bridgeport, inventor of the well
known quick-firing cannons, now
used in the military and naval services of nearly all nations, acquired
an immense fortune as the result of
his ingenious devices, He left an
estate valued at over twelve millions of dollars. His heirs are now
litigating about the disposal of these
millions, and the lawyers are likely
to reap a harvest.—Ex.
Our American friends in some
of the states are fond of confusing
names, so long as they may be high
sounding and suggestive. The
Bellaire, Zanesville, aud Cincinnati
railway is advertised as "the only
line running through without change
of cars, to Jerusalem, Bethel, Ozark,
Jacobsbuig, and in full view of the
'Plains of Abraham,' near Cumberland. Close connection made at
Jerusalem with stage for Antioch."
Probably very few are aware of
the fact, says an exchange, that_
there exists in New York and
Philadelphia a society composed of
women who take an interest in and
look after the welfare of all women
and girls who work in factories and
shops. They busy themselves with
such serious subjects as the variations in the rate of wages, the efficiency of combination as a protective measure, the hours of work,
and so forth.
The free trade Chicago Herald
asserts that anarchy is tho product
of restriction. Whereupon the
protectionist Philadelphia Press retorts that "the Herald may reasonably be expected to turn up oue of
those days with th': announcement
that tho hairless condition of Mexican dogs is duo to tho duties on
wool." The Chicago paper might
Well reply that tho American consumer is in a fair way to be hairless
through worry over the prices he
pays for woollens in consequence of
the duties.—Mail.
M. Eiffel, the famous engineer
who is building the great tower for
the coming exposition at Paris, has
had a good deal of trouble with his
workmen. They objected to laboring at so high an altitude as 600 or
700 feet unless the scale of wages
was raised in proportion. All difficulties have, however, been amicably
adjusted, and the work now goes
rapidly forward, not even Sunday
being a holiday. On January 7 th
the tower had attained the 700-foot
level, and was expected to be completed by the middle of March.
An exchange says ,• A curious
accident happened to an enterprising
Ohinaman and three of his countrymen, who set up a washhouse
directly over a boiling spring in
Canyon Oity, near Yellowstone
park. While the celestials were
celebrating the Ohinese New Year,
the spring or geyser, as it proved to
be, suddenly began spouting, sending
lip an immense volume of boiling
wator, and shortly afterwards miners
found the bodies of the Ohinamen,
who had been scalded to death, some
distance from the scene. After
spouting for three hours the geyser
An exchange says: The king of
Siam, a young man of thirty, a
friend of the arts and sciences, has
bad the misfortune to lose his wife
in a tragic manner. He has sent
his brother to procure a New Testament from the missionaries. The
king, he says, has lost faith in his
religion; Buddhism offers him no
consolation whatever. Now, Buddhism is the state religion of tho
kingdom of Siam, and by embracing
Christianity, the king would risk
his crown and his head. But the
fact of a heathen sovereign seeking
in the Gospel such hopes as his own
religion does not afford, is certainly
The publication of the Prince of
Wales' speeches has revealed the
absence of humor from most of the
official utterances of the Prince.
A search for humor has, however,
disclosed some remarks at the London Cabmen's Benevolent Association in 1879, which might be classed in that category. The Princo
there said : "I believe, at least it
is- the popular belief, that thero is
only one article a cabman never
returns, and that is an umbrella,
and I think this is, wo may consider,
quite fair. A gentleman having an
umbrella may not want a cab, but
without an umbrella he will be compelled to tuke a cab if the rain
comes on I"
Says the Mail: Next month
there will go into force in Newfoundland a novel but wise measure,
namely, Mr. E. P. Morris' system of
insurance for fishermen. Every
master of a Newfoundland fishing
vessel engaged in the Bank fishery
will be obliged on the first trip of
tbe season to deposit fifty cents for
each member of the crew. If any
member of the crew dies when at or
by means of his trade, his family is
to receive a proportionate amount
of the sum laid by. Another part
of the same bill makes it obligatory
on the master to see that overy dory
carries a compass and food hermetically sealed sufficient for two
men for four days.
The Emperor of Russia recently
decorated and rewarded a private
soldier whose fidelity to his duty
recalls the stories of the Roman
sentinels who perished in the destruction of Pompeii. When the recent
earthquake destroyed a small Russian town in Central Asia this
soldier was on duty in the military
treasury. Although the houses were
crashing around him this faithful
follow stood motionless, waiting
death. The only sign which showed
that he appreciated his situation
was the fact that he raised his hands
as soldiers do in prayer. Fortunately a sergeant in the streets saw
him amid the ruins and instantly
ordered him to quit his post, which
he did right willingly.
The Mail (Feb. 7.) says: Somo
of our exchanges are discussing the
question whether the climate of
America is changing or not. Whatever may be the fact with regard to
this, it may safely bc said that the
oldest inhabitant of Toronto will have
to rack his brain to remember more
extraordinary weather than that of
the past few days in this city—and
presumably throughout the province.
At midnight on Monday the temperature at tho observatory was two
degrees above zero; at eight o'clock
on Tuesday morning it was thirty-
seven degrees above zero, and at
ten o'clock the same evening it was
three degrees below. This sort of
thing is apt to lead us to believe
that the weather is trilling with us,
President-elect Harrison is now
basking, or baking, rather, in the
"fierco light that beats upon a
tin lie,' The most trivial detail of
his domestic life is dragged forth
and dished up to that insatiable
cannibal—tho public. An American paper of good standing regales
its readers with the following tidbit : President-elect Harrison is
having a lively time with his grandson Benjamin, whose mother is in
New York. The littlo follow is
quiet enough during the day, but is
certain to awaken in tho small
hours of the morning, und it is
gravely related that tho only person
who can comfort bim is Grandpa
Harrison, who is obliged to carry
the boy about in his arms and hum
a lullaby as he walks,
The "Father of his Oountry,"
aooording to the following, was "bled
to death" : George Washington
wns of superb physieal development,
absolutely free from all taint of
hereditary disease, a very temperate
man, and lived during roost of his
life in conditions favorable to
longevity. Yet he died At the comparatively early age of 67. When
we read of his biography that the
first action of each successive
medical adviser was to ask if the
patient had been bled, and then to
proceed to more bleeding to make
a sure thing of it, our wonder at an
early death may be moderated. On
the last day he was bled four times,
and the physician innocently says
of tho last time the "blood did not
flow freely." One would
Kruegener's book camera is a
veritable dotective,says an exchange.
Ono might be meekly walking along
the road, or mixing with the devout
going to or coming from church (on
a week day, of course), with this
innocent-looking, yet really formidable, apparatus in his hand or under
his arm, and no one would suspect
its nature, for to a casual observer
it is a book and nothing more. Yet
does it really contain, stored away
in its interior, no fewer than two
dozen small plates, If inches square,
each of which can be brought in
rotation to the focusing plane,
exposed, deposed into a separate
receptacle, and another plate made
to take its place, and all this by
the simple act of pulling out a small
handle, pushing it in again, and
pulling a string.
Alaska in the year 1867 was
purchased from. Russia by the
United States government for the
sum of $7,200,000. Threo years
later the Alaska Commercial Com
pany was formed for the purpose of
embarking in the sealskin trado.
It was obliged by Ioav to limit the
number of seals it destroyed yearly,
and to pay a tax on every hide. A
report of a committee; of congress
calculates that in the twenty years
that have since elapsed a sum exceeding $8,000,000 lias beon paid
into the treasury by the company.
This means that through a single
company, and by means of a single
trade, in the space of two decades,
Alaska has repaid the whole of the
capital invested in her purchase,
together with interest at the rate
of about 11 per cent,
Ooltharh and Brown, placer
mining on Snake river, near Salmon
Falls, Idaho, unearthed a complete
skeleton of a . mastodon, It was
buried about 25 feet under the
ground. The place had at one time
evidently been a whirlpool or eddy
of the river. Many large bones
have been found there, but this last
discovery was a perfect skeleton, it
having without doubt been deposited
there while the hide was yet intact.
It was about sixteen feet long,
and it is estimated that the pile of
bones would weigh 3,000 pounds or
more. The tusks were between six
and seven feet long, The tusks and
some of the huge molars and other
bones wero preserved, but it was
impossible to save the skeleton
entiro, as soon after it was exposed
it began to crumble.—Ex.
Says an exchange: The Eiffel
tower has been well advertised, The
whole world has been hearing about
it for months. The last reports
were sensational in the extreme.
It was said that the tower was out
of plumb, and references were of
courso made to the tower of Pisa ;
that engineers were detailed to
examine it with theodolites, etc.
But it may, perhaps, not be generally known that the Eiffel tower
has been built expressly with a
view to the possibility of correcting at any time any deflection from
the perpendicular by a sinking of
the foundations. It is supported on
four enormous hydaulic jack-screws,
as thoy are called. Probably these
reports arose from the fact that
observations were made to see
whether it was necessary that these
should be brought into requisition.
An American cotemporary humor
ously discourses thusly an Yankee
idiosyncrasies : Young Jim Blaine
is so delighted at the prospect of
his father having a place in the
Harrison Cabinet that he has quit
work and is indulging in a jubilation
all by himself after the fashion of
Lord Dundreary's bird of a feather
that flocked togother, The Yankeo
is a strangely morcurial critter
when once he is aroused to a condition of emotional exaltation.
They tell a story to the effect that
when the animal salaries of the
members of the Amherst College
faculty wero raised to $1,200 apioce
old Prof. Snoll, who had taught
mathematics for half a century in
that institution, went home and
called out to his wifo: "Our
salary has been raised and we've
got to celebrate; cook tho codfish
today, wifo—in real cream—no
more flour thickening for us 1"
To give an idea of the wido range
of tho appeals to' the judical committee of the Imperial privy council
we may point to the work that was
before them when they resumed
their sitting after the Christmas
vacation. Their first list of causes
contains sixteen appeals, viz. : From
Bengal, four; Victoria, two; New
South Wales, two, and from British
Honduras, Ragoon, Oude, the Central Provinces, the North-western
Provinces, the Winward Islands
and Constantinople, one each. Thero
are also two judgments for delivery
—one in the important dispute
between British Oolumbia and
Oanada as to the right of precious
metals in a vast territory in the
province. Yet the Toronto Globe
sneeringly terms it an "English"
court. Of courso it would be far
better in the opinion of the degenerate organ to take our appeals to
tbe supreme court at Washington.
A miraculous escape is recorded
as having taken place at tho White
Steam Engine Works, at Newburg,
N. Y., recently,   A pulley weighing
nearly eleven tons was being adjusted in a lathe, when suddenly the
chain by which it was suspended
parted, allowing the wheel  to fall
into the pit below, a distance  of
eight feet, whore it was broken into
eight pieces.   At the time the chain
parted, one of the turners was standing on the hub of  the   wheel  and
was precipitated into the pit below.
Those who witnessed the accident
rushed to tbe spot, expecting to find
him crushed beneath this enormous
mass of iron, but he was discovered
alive and sound, although   the  pit
was only five feet wide,    Of course
the shock was severe, but he was
entirely uninjured, save for  a  few
scratches recoived from flying fragments.    With a little help he  was
able tcclimboutof the pit, when he
was warmly received and  congratulated by his friends and co-workers,
The Montreal Witness is movod to
make thefollowing growl, and we
don't wonder at it :   A great deal
of money is spent yearly in publishing "blue books," and  although  in
these volumes are to be found the
most interesting of facts regarding
the   position  and    prosperity    of
Canada, yet, owing to the red tape,
to a lack of reasonable common sense
in   arrangement  and   to   clerical
errors, these foots ure usually buried
so deeply in unimportant detail as
to be almost  beyond   resurrection.
Unless the civic service exists rather
for the maintenance and comfort of
its members than for tho benefit of
tho people of Canada, or unless its
issues are intended to hide rather
than reveal the actions of the government, is it not too much to expect
that these works   which   cost  the
country so muoh should   be clearly
and popularly arranged and decently
printed.   It would take something
little short of a revolution to make
the blue books of Canada what they
should be in matter, but for the good
name of the country tho government
should at least see that  their  outward form is improved.    The paper
is good and the ink is good but the
type work is vile and they abound
in errors which  would   disgrace   a
country job oflice.
. The Garden and Forest, in a leading article recently, suggested three
sonsible and, to the United States,
partly novel methods of forest conservation. It proposes, first, that
the work of guarding the forests be
entrusted to officers of the United
States army; second, that a national
commission be formed with power
tu thoroughly investigate the present condition of American forests,
and report on the bearings of that
condition on the lumber trade; and
third, that a school of forestry bc
established in one of the great mountain forests. The neighboring republic has already done not a little
for the preservation of her forests
quite enough to shame us; but sho
is still a long way behind Russia,
Germany, France, and even India,
in systematic and scientific modes of
forest conservation, and in making
provision for the training of officials
therein. The Garden and Forest's
article comes at an opportune time,
namely, at the commencement of a
hew administration, which may be
expected not only, like a new
broom, to sweep clean, but also to
sweep in new places. The article
has been commented on in the
American papers, one of them remarking that, "these suggestions
impress us as sensible and timely,
and as deserving the early and earnest consideration of congress.
Russia is nothing if not aggressive,
Her aggressiveness has lately taken
a uew form, Instead of pushing
troops, headed by warlike generals,
beyond her eastern frontiers for
"scientific purposes," as once sho
was so fond of doing, her soul longs
for maritime ucquisious. She too
must havo a finger in the pie with
which all Europe is now busy.
Last accounts assert that Russia is
trying to form a Cossack colony in
north-east Africa—as if there wore
not already in Africa enough conflicting and bellicose powers. What
with British troops, Italian troops,
Egyptian troops, Abyssinian troops,
and, now, Cossack troops, a templo
of JanuB in Africa will have little
chance of closing its doors. Apparently tho spot chosen by the Cossacks is Tadjurah bay, in tho Gulf
of Aden. It hus an insecuro anchorage, and a population of only about
fifteen hundred souls. But what
chiefly seems to makes this an ill-
chosen locality is the propinquity of
Aden, Englund's Gibraltar of the
east, which is strongly fortified,
possesses two good harbors, and is
ono of Britain's principal foreign
naval depots. There oro rumors,
howover, afloat that a mysterious
treaty exists betweon the Negus of
Abyssinia and the Czar in regard to
the latter's receiving certain territory in return for aid against tho
Italians, but little is known for
certain of this at present.— Ex.
■*■* line to meet the different arrangements nl
and now offer the largest stock of HEATING and'
STOVES and RANGES ever imported into the F
We sell three carloads of Stoves to one sold by
B. C, which speaks for itself. Intending buyers -
their interests by giving us a call. No trouble t
goods or quote prices.
Columbia St., WES
H. T. READ & i
(Masonic Block, Columbia Street.)'
Largest Stock of CROSS-CUT SAWS in t
We keep the finest Stock of BUILDE
WARE in the province.
Sir Goo. Baden-Powell passed
through Winnipog for the east Friday
Wo have on hand a large stook of Magnetic Oxide Flre-p
warranted 92 per ct. pure oxide. So high a grodo sold by no other ht
■arDuring tho year lhat we have opened we have materially redui
everything in our line, nnd hopo by strict attention to business to r
uunceof the public patronage.
Foundry and Machine:
Front St., New Westminster, B. C.
■K.03ESB-1K,**-  I.A.-Vtr,
Brass and Iron Castings made to
P. S.—All orders from tho upper oountry promptly attended to.
HEAD OFFICE, ■ 56 New Broad St. • LONDON]
The Business of ALLSOP & MASON has been merged in the a
and will be oarried oo by the Company from this date as a general Lq
ond Insurance Agen-.y. j
MONEY TCI LOAN on Mortgage at Low Rates.   Town Loti
Lands for Sole on easy terms,
Viotoria a 0„ Hay Uth, 1887.
Immense Sale of Boots and
Commencing February 9th, 1889.
tho undersigned will now place his ontiro stock on tho market oi
prices) 110 reserve.   Everything must be sold.
$(1,000 worth of Boots, Shoes, Slippors, Rubbor Goods, Shoo I
An oarly inspection will convince the public that we mean busiri
under $50, cosh; over $00, secured notes at 3 months with Intorest.
One Week Onl
Wc expect then to open ap another fine assortment
SPRING GOODS, and shall do our best, as we have
past, to maintain our place as the LEADING BOOT
WEEKLY BRITISH COLUM ■Weekly British Cplumbian
Weiliuisilay .llornlnit, Feb. HO, 1880.
(From Daily Columbian, Feb, 19,)
Another quiet day in police circles.
Good young Driving Horse and Hie;
for Bole.   Enquire at this oflice.   dwtc
The oity council lost uight appropriated $3,000 to be expended in pnrk
Mr. Max Mowat goes up to Pitt
Lake to-morrow to deposit 500,000
sookeye salmon fry.
Miss Peters, of Vanoouvor will give
.' an organ recital of saored music in the
1 Presbyterian church on Friday evening
A treat may be expected.
There was a good attendance at the
revival service held  last evening  in
the Methodist church.   The meetings
i will be continued during the week,
McLeod, charged with loroeny from
tha person, tried under the "Speedy
Trials Act," was acquitted this afternoon.   Mr, T. C. Atkinson for defence.
The government will be asked by
the city oouncil to appoint Ool. McGregor as immigration agent for Westminster. The right man in the right
, The annual meeting of the board of
' trade takes place in the boord of trade
rooms on Friday evening. The president's report will be a very interesting
Tho board of works has been om-
rpowered to purchase a span of horses
I and sets of single aud double harness.
The horses will be utilized in street
work, and in case of fire they will bu
brought into requisition to haul the
firo engine.   This is n good move.
Major & Pearson report the sale of
15 lots yestorday, in the upper portion
of the city, aggregating $5,000. Rand
Bros, report sales to the same value.
The demand for city property is not
, diminishing inthe least and yet there
is nothing in the shape of a boom.
Tho Association of Dominion Land
Surveyors have issued programmes for
their sixth anniversary meeting to be
held in the association holl of the Y.
M. C. A.'s new building, Ottowa,
Ont., on Feb. 19, 20 ond 21, 1889.
The programme shows that many able
and entertaining papers will bo read at
the meeting by the lights of the profession in Oanada.
It is stated that during the past
mouth, some saoreligious antiquarian
who in his insatiable longing for relics
seems to be forgetful of every sense of
honor and decency, has on several
occasions robbed the graves on the
Indian reservation, carrying away
several skulls. If the deseorator of
the graves of their people falls into
the hands of tho angry Indians, ho
will receivo no mercy.—Colonist.
The fund for the New Westminster
Provincial Exhibition, to be held in
thu Royal Oity noxt fall, is going up
now by leaps and bounds. The Columbian started the subscription last
fall. It now amounts to $730— a very
creditable sum indeed. Our evening
contemporary of the Royal burg is to
i be congratulated on the success of its
efforts to make the forthcoming show,
what undoubtedly it will be—a great
For tho post yeor a number of families hove quartered themselves in the
immigrant shods and so comfortable
did they find these qunrtors that
they did not thing it worth while to
remove. These people hove been ordered to "vamoose1' and when tho
building is rid of them it will bo prepared for tho reception of the many
immigrants who are expected to look
for homes in the vicinity of New
Westminster this spring.
Tho Vancouver city council met lost
night but adjourned at the end of an
hour without reading tho minutes oi
the formor meoting. Thore is.a deadlock iu the council at present over the
action of Mnyor Oppenheimer in voting
when tho chairman of the police committee was elected. Hnlf the council
consider this unparliamentary and
honco the deadlock. Considerable
spurring occurred last uight but no
very bitter passages occurred.
From R. L. Reid, Ann Arbor,
Mich., wo have received the following:
".Tno. C. Miicleniinn, Esq., lato of
Surrey, B. C, who is now studing law
in tho university of Michigan, hns
boon elected a judge of the supreme
court of the university. This is a
courf consisting of one judgo from
each of the club courts in the college
of law sitting to hear appeals from
these olub courts, and a seat in it is
one of the greatest honors in the gift
of the students."
Park Improvements.
At thu council meeting last niglit
Aid. Cunningham presentod the roport
of the park committee. Tlio following
improvements havo boon decided on :
Clearing grounds required fur exhibition 1889, $1,500 ; fencing grounds,
$1,250 ; clooring driving course, $750',
erecting stalls and pens, $1,000 ; pa-
villion, $5,000; total oxpondituro,
$9,500. Tlio main building will be
150 feet long by 50 feet wide, to whicli
two winus may be addod at Borne futuro
time. When completed tho entire
floor Bpaco will be 17,000 square feet
on the ground floor and 10,000 feet nn
tho second floor. Tho building will
be erected on a small hill whioh will
give it a commanding and attractive
position. The driving course will
enclose some 35 acres of level ground
whioh will be cleared and converted
into a "no athletic park, which will
furnish plonty of room for the cricket,
lacrosse, football and baseball clubs.
Tho report very thoroughly covors the
work required, and the pnrk committee nro to be commended for tho
prompt and business-like maimer in
which thoy havo entered upon tlieir
A 280 aero form nt Pitt Meadows to
rent.   Seo adv.
New fire station.
A small lire hall is to be built on
tho government reserve faoing on
Royal avenue near tho corner of Mary
street. Tho hand engine will be kept
here and a tank will be built in the
adjacent ravine. It is probable a
small boll will bo purchased to give a
lire alarm when necessary. The establishment of a fire station in the
upper portion of the town is greatly
appreciated by the residents whose
property in the post haB been almost
entirely unprotected. The new council is sticking to its promises.
An Easy Witness.
In tho Murray case this afternoon
His Lordship cross-examined an intelligent Norwegiau witnoss with tho following result:
His Lordship:—What were you
doing that night?
"Yes, what were you doing J"
"Yes youl Were you smoking and
"Who, me?"
"Yes, yes, you and the rest."
"We were doing the same as other
"What was that?"
"Looking round all the time."
"Did you know many people in the
"Yes, you, did you know many ?"
"I know everyone."
"Whatcountryman is McDonald?"
"jNo, not you. What countryman
is McDonald?"
"A Frenchman."
"Did you see McDonald fall?"
"Yob, of course"
"I saw him on the ground."
"Did you hear a' noise when he
"When he fell ho must have made a
noise; did you hear it?"
"Look here, you had better go to
Mr. McG-irr and get him to teach you
to speak English."
The witness stepped down from the
box apparently pleased with the lucid
answers he had given.
City council.
The city counoil met at 8 o'clock last
night for the transaotion of business.
Present, Aldermen Curtis (in the
choir), Ewen, Scoullar, Reid, McPhaden, Jaques, Cunningham, Townsend
and Calbick,
The minutes of the last regular
meeting and the special meeting were
read and adopted.
From A. T. Bushby and others
calling attention to the want of proper
drainage in block E. Referred to the
board of works to report on.
From W. Norman Bole replying to
certain instructions anent the acquiring by the city of certain lands on
Lulu Island.   Received.
i< rom Wm. Olarkson stating he was
willing to deed to the oity certain lots
for street purposes.   Received.
From Lowenberg, Harris & Co.
calling attontion to the sidewalk
opposito tho Holbrook Block. Referred to boord of works with power to
From His Lordship Bishop Sillitoe
com plaining that he hod been accosted
by a prostitute on Columbia atreet in
daylight, and asking that somo steps
be token to prevent the recurrence of
such a thing.
Reforred to the polico committee
with powor to aot.
The following accounts wero ordered
paid;-R.  0.   P.   M.   Co.   $8,    T.
Dominy $4.50.   B. C. Gazette $5.
Tho board of works reported favorably on the draining of Fife street.
Report adopted..
The fire committee reported favorably on the erection of a coal shod in
rear of the liro hall. Clause one adopted.
Clause 2: That on engine house
and tank bo built over tho small ravine
near tho school house, on the government reserve, and that the hand engine bo kopt there.
Aid. Scoullar objected to the hand
engino being moved from the central
hall ns it would endanger tho city in
case tho fire engino should got out of
Aid. Ewen thought the hand engino
would not bo too far awoy if placed on
Royal iivenue.
Aid. Cunningham thought the poople in the uppor portion of tho city
who paid tlieir taxes wero as well entitled to fire protection as tho poople
clown town.
Aid. Reid nnd Aid. McPhudou also
supported tho report.
Clause 2 adopted nnd tho firo committee ordered to bring in n plnu of
tho proposed building.
Olnuso 3: The establishment of o
aheap system of firo alarms to work in
connection with the telephone system.
Clause 3 adopted.
Tlio pnrk committee reported that
it hud been decided to slash und clear
a certain portion of the park. The
committee decided it would bo necessary to expend $9,500 this year in improvements and buildings. The intention was to build a hall, 150x50 feet,
grade a driving circle, and athletic
grounds, build sheds, fences, etc. The
report concluded by paying a vory
handsome compliment to The British
Columiiian for the earnest and intelligent support given the proposed oxhibition.
Tlio finance committee recommended
thnt Mr. VV. N. Draper bo puid $1,000
for hia lot and $100 for expenses. Tlio
report wns referred buck to tho fhiaiico
ctiminirto'; with power ttr net.
Tho finance committee reported that
the usseBora would begin work immediately,
Moved by Aid. Jaques and seconded by Aid. Cunningham that this council heartily supports the application of
the Southern railway for the subsidy
of $3,200 per mile from tho Dominion
government-   Oarried.
Moved by Aid. Jaques and seconded
by Aid. McPhaden that application be
made to the Dominion government for
certain parcels of land in block 9
suburban.   Oarried.
Moved by Aid. Cunningham and seconded by Aid Jaques that $3,000 be
appropriated for park improvement and
placed to Ihe credit of the park committee.   Carried.
The "oivic oflicers by-law" was read
a first and second time and passed.
On motion it was resolved to ask the
provincial government for permission
to build a lire ball on the reserve above
Royal Avenue.
A motion was passed adding to the
amendments a olause to enfranchise
all property-owners in the annexed
Moved by Aid. Cunningham seconded by Aid. McPhaden, that the provincial government be requested to appoint Ool. McGregor immigration
agent for this city.
Aid. Cunningham gave notice of
motion that he would ask that
the board of works be empowered
to purchase a span of horses and harness.
The council then adjouned.
From Surrey.
(Correspondence of the Oola-aMu.)
What has become of all the local
scribes, I would like to know? We
have not seen anything in your estimable paper from this progressive settlement for a long" time; surely it is not
for lack of news; plenty of that flying
For instance, our railroad is progressing. The right-of-way is nearly
cleared to where it crosses the Hall's
Prairie road. The cross sectioning is
progressing as fast sb possible, and we
understand the graders will very soon
start in at a number of different places
along the line.
Then, very soon we are to have
another logging camp started on the
Nicomekl River, near tho Coast More-
dian road bridge. Mr. G. W. DeBeok
having bought the timber on the river
bank, will start putting it into the
water in a couple of weeks.
We have in our midst a number of
enterprising young folks, who, a couple
of months ago, took it into their heads
to get up on entertainment for the
purposo of aiding our estimable pastor,
Rev. Wm. Bell, to build a church at
Langley and also to effect certain repairs to our own church here.
On Friday night last their first entertainment came off at the town
hall, Langley, where they were met
with a full house. The drama, "The
Little Brown Jug," was well rendered,
showing a careful selection of the
characters and plenty of study. The
different parts were well performed,
ond fully appreciated by the audienoe.
I understand it is their intention to
play at Elgin on Tuesday evening (yesterday), Feb. 19, and at Ladner's
Landing, Friday, Feb. 22, when we
hope their efforts to amuse the people
will be as woll appreciated as they
were at Langley.
Then, I have not heard a comment
through the papers on the ball given
by our worthy reeve nnd councillors,
commonly called "The Councillors'
Ball." Tho committee appointod to
look after the evening's amusement
wero unfair.; in their efforts, nnd displayed gou-.i judgment in selecting Mr.
J. F. Boothroyd ns floor manager, who,
with his noted ability, made tho ball a
grand success.
Mr. Dunk. McKonzio and Mr. McDonald aro visiting friends in  Surrey.
We are happy to seo thut Mr. D.
Stewart has graced his premises with
a new picket fence. Com.
[Our welcome and newsy correspondent above will notice in this same issue
of The Columbian that another esteemed Surtey correspondent has fur-
nishud us with nn item about the
"Councillors' Ball" and other Surrey
matters. We should be pleased to
henr from our various correspondents
in tho different districts oftennr.—En.]
For millot seed go to Thos. E. Kitchen.   See adv.
It. C. Provincial Exposition
Subscription Fund.
For the purpose of raising a fund to
contribute towards the patriotio and
worthy object of making tiic next annual provincial fair, to be held in this
oity, a grand ond unprecedented success,
the undersigned agreo to contribute the
sums opposito tlieir respective names (to
be paid into tho association or to trustees
competent to receivo tho same, ou or he-
fore 6 months from tho dato of the last
provincial exhibition, nnd to lie applied
to preparing oxhibition grounds and
buildings in the eity, for Increasing tho
amount oil'eied 111 prizes, nnd for furthering tho exhibition in other wnys):
This Ooi.umiiian  8100 ro
Hlmrpn & Paine. I.llln Island  10 00
I, P Kcksleln    10 00
a I) llrymnvr  10 00
BW   Artnsl-FiinK  10 00
Fit Glover  10 Oil
Walker.v Shndwell  ion)
niuuil Hambor.  io 00
Poter Grant  10 00
George Turner  10 00
WJ Armstrong  SO 00
A .1  Hill  10 00
Cnpt A   Giant  10 00
J a  Macdouell  10 1)0
W O Loye  10 00
P HIlodiMO  10 00
PG Strickland  li OH
Gilley Bros  20 00
S H Webb - 25 00
T Cllllliliilllinill  SO 00
Henderson Bros, Chilliwhack  10 00
A 13 Wllitetnuto  10 00
Per Ex-Mayor Ulokinsou 212 Hii
Annie M .Inrinos  10 00
Stowart- A Cash  25 oo
.Ins Ounuinghom  50 00
Gi-nntit I-lagslrom  20 00
J WSexsmitfi  80 00
■Iiibrprlntiug of all Iciinii: noarly dour;
.il. tne rJoLiiMriUN oflice. I'liuim will he
found an low as nt, ,.u, other 01*100In
t'rv iirovim-v ■•■Adv,
Wholesale City Market.
Beef,     per 100 lbs t5 60 9 6 60
Pork          "           8(109 soo
Mutton      "           8 00 a 0.00
Potatoes     "           60 9    76
Cabbage     "           50 9 100
Onions       "           1 00 9 1 GO
Wheat        "           160 9 0 00
Oats          "           1259 160
Peas          "           160® 2 00
Hay,       per ton 12 00 916 00
Butter (rolls) per ft  0 289 0 85
Cheese,             "    0 149 0 15
Eggs,      per doi  0 359    '0
Cordwood (retail) per cord...... 8 00 9 4 00
Apples, per box  80 ® 1 26
HldeB(gr'n) per 100 lbs  4 009 6 00
"   (dry)       "       »  6 on 9 0 00
Wool, per lb ,  6 9    10
Henderson's Hew Directory.
Henderson's British Columbia Gazetteer and Direotory for 1889 contains a
complete alphabetical and general
gazetteer and business directory of the
province, comprising complete oity
directories of Victoria, Vancouver,
New Westminster and Nanaimo; also,
a complete classified business directory
of British Oolumbia, Price $2. Address, L. O. Henderson, P. O. Box
278, Viotoria, B. C.
Ifhtn Baby wat dak, we gave hm CutoiU,
When th* wan ■ Child, she tried tot CMtorta,
Whtn tat twettM Vln, tht tlang to Cutoria,
Offices, Masonlo Buildings, New Westminster, aud Vanoouver, B, C.     Jy81dwto
Offices—Maionlo Building,
dwfelOto New Westminster, B. c.
rt   W, GRAHT,
OFFiOK-Corntr Mary and Clarkson Sta,
ABTHItfl HIU. B. A. Be.,
M.Cah. Soc.O.E,, Assoc, M. I-JST.C.E.
Offlce ot the Coquitlam Water Works Co.
Masonic Block, Wostmlnster.   wmh28
Lulu Island.  Apply to
Lulu Island, B.C.
gfflaaraia j
-5-Pgl-ICATE CHILD tr-
German Millet Seed.
prices.  Applyto
Less tban ball Victoria dealers'
w(e20U Chilliwack, a (1.
Farm to Rent.
tail dog 280 acres. Good for n run ot 60
hood of cattle. Kent moderate. For further particulars apply to
Watchman nt. Pitt Iiivor Bridgo.
and may be sent by mail to any Post Office in
Canada., New Illustrated Catalogue now ready,
Containing Description and Prices of the choicest
Mailed free. Every Fanner and Gardener should
have a copy before ordering seeds for the coming
season.   Handsomest catalogue issued in Canada.
For the convenience of my friends residing in
British Columbia, 1 have sent a number of my
Catalogues to Mr. W. J. WniTBSIDB, NewWestminster. 11. C, who will forward copies of same
to all intending purchasers upon application.
A Pleasing- Sense of Health
and Strength Renewed, and
of Ease and Comfort
Follows tho uso of Syrup of Figs, as it
acts gently on tho
KiDNiiYS, LivePv @" Bowels
Effectually Cleansing tho Sys'0111 when
Costivo or Bilious, Dispelling
Colds, Headaches and Fevers
and permanently curing
without weakening or irritating tho ov-
rtfins on wliich it nets,
ii'o? snlo iu 70o lioltlns Iiv oil Leading
KAHurAoreiuo o.\...' 3Y tiiii
0Atf JV.m-icn, OjWt,
'■•■'■T<mi.!,<*. Kt.. N.'.' -io:i.*. \  •
Wholesale and Retail Druggists
Removal Sale!
Great Reduction in Prices Previous
to Removing- into New Store*
Our fine assortment of  Olotla-i-He1 ^"" "E-Ia/tS we
now offer at ALMOST COST PRICES.
Including Tools of all kinds of the beat makes; Cross-cut & Uand-Saws,
Barbed Wire for Fencing, and all the necessary Utensils for Farming!
Pulley Blocks, Snatch Blocks, Bope & Chain inall sizes; Pitch,
Tar & Oakum; Tarred and Plain Paper for Bulldlngi Paints & Oils
in all colors; Liquid Paints ui all shades; Floor Paints ready touse; Grind
Stonesi Wall Paper in all designs; Brooms & Brushes for all purposes;
Lubricating Oils; Traps of all descriptions, and a goneral assortment of
Agricultural Implements,
tr Special attontion given to orden by mail.
t. j. t:r.a.:f:f az oo.,
dwjlySte Columbia Stkeet, New Wnmnnan.
Commencing Oct. 10th, 1888.
As wo have decided to retire from the retail Dry Goods business this season, we
now place our entire stock on the market at
$6,000 worth of Clothing, Hats and Men's Furnishings.
$20,000 worth of Dry Goods, Carpets, Oil Cloths and
House Furnishing Goods, etc.
larAs we are known to carry one of tlie largest and best assorted stocks in the
Province, it will not bc necessary to enumerate. An early inspection will convince
the public that we mean business, and that the stock must be closed out before the
end of this season; therefore we have placed our goods at prices lower than have
ever been offered before in this Province,
RRMBMBUR—Th* Stoek mnst be olosed out by the end of the year*
Terms- Under $100, cash; over $100, secured notes at three months with interest.
X>- X>X-tTTG:D.A-X*23 «&. oo.
Planing il Company, Ld.
All Kinds or Roo£li ni Dressed Liier
Shingles, Shakes, Laths, Pickets,
-A-H'n  ft Tri. icijsrns op
Wood Furnishing for Canneries.
Doors.   Frames.   Windows,
Mouldings. Balusters,
Blinds. Brackets.
Railings, Newels*
The Columbian- Printing Establishment lias lirst-class fauuties for
all kinds of Commercial Printing, Bill Heads Letter Heads. Circulars,
Cards, Envelopes, Blank Forms of ovory description, Posters, Dodgers,
Price Lists, Ac   Prices will lie found us low us at any other oifii-» *'here
first-class work is done. Weekly British Columbian
Weduesdiy Mc-raln*. Feb. 80. HMD.
There would appear to be no ond
to the different stories and theoiies
advanced to aocount for the sad and
tragio death of Rudolph, crown
prince of Austria, on the 30th of
January last. The following pergonal'particulars about the hapless
Hapsburg, given by a writer in the
London Times will prove interesting:
Prince Rudolph was a familiar figure
in London, and plans for along visit
to England next May were made by
bim when the Prince of Wales was
in Austria. The friendship between
Albert Edward and Rudolph was
ono of the closest existing among
European princes. It originally had
a basis in common dislike for yoong
William of Germany. These two
young heirs of Hapsburg and Ho-
henzollern were as boys very fond of
eaclMiher, being nearly of the same
age and purposely thrown together
by their parents. William as a lad
of fourteen spent nearly the whole
summer of 1873 at Vienna at the
time of the exhibition there, and
played about with Rudolph like a
brother. It is related that there is
now a retired English police dignitary in London who waa a sergeant
of the English section of tho polico
of Vienna then, and he tells a story
of arresting and cuffing both boys
for falling on a flower bed in the
exhibition garden, and being overwhelmed with horror when he learn
ed who they were. It was only in
recent years that the two young
men fell out, and, whatever was the
cause of their quarrel, it was so profoundly bitter that it hud beeu
counted upon as a possible factor in
the European situation in the future.
Rudolph until recently was regarded
as a prince of exceeding promise.
He was a great linguist, an excellent
musician, and wrote easily and well.
Ho affected the society of authors,
artists and statesmen and married
one of the prettiest and sweetest
princesses in Europe. Vienna was
particularly enthusiastic over the
young couple, and throughout the
empire Rudolph shared to the full
the great affection his father is held
In. But soon there came a change.
He quarrelled with his wife and the
public took her side. The tone of
his associations visibly sank, and
painful stories of his habits and
doings began to be circulated. At
the same time his health declined.
As a boy he promised to be strong,
but when seen by the Times' correspondent in Berlin last March he
had a pale, sallow, shrunken faco,
shrouded in black side-whiskers and
moustache, and was prematurely
bald, and there were suggestions of
bad health both in his expression
and carriage. It was said then that
epilepsy, which is the hereditary
curse of the Hapsburgs, specially
afflicted him, so that ho had to be
constantly watched as a precaution
against fits. The question of succession will create the deepest interest throughout Europe. His
only child is a delicate littlo daughter, in her sixth year, and would in
the natural order of things be passed
over by the Salic law in favor of the
emperor's brother, Karl Ludwig,
who is a man of 56 and has three
sons between 20 and 26. But in
view of Rudolph's poor health this
question had been discussed somewhat of late, and there is u notion
that some such provision may be
made in favor of Rudolph's daughter, us the famous Pragmatic sanction of 1740 by which the Emperor
Karl secured the succession for his
daughter, Marie Theresa. The Archduke Karl Ludwig is not a notable
or popular man and his marriage
with the daughter of Bomba produced sons who are even less admirable, mentally and morally.
Hence some such plan to keep tho
dynasty in the line of the little girl
and carefully select the right kind
of a husband for her may bo resorted
to. The deceased Princo Rudolph
was more noted for his scientific anu
literary attainments than for any
role in the political life of the empire. He ranked high as an ornithologist, and for several years has
supervised the publication of an important work, descriptive of all the
birds and insects to be found in tho
Austro-Hungarian empire. In 1880
Prince Rudolph made a journey to
Egypt, and went up the Nile as far
as the second cataract. During this
trip he killed with his own rifle 75
gazelles, 700 brace of desert partridges, and 42 hyenas. He used to
get a dead donkey nnd place it in
the desert. Princo Rudolph would
wait all night near the dead donkey,
rifle in hand. Just before daybreak
a dozen hyenas would collect about
the carcass. The prince would then
let drive at them with his magazine
rifle, and kill nearly all of them.
When in Egypt Prince Rudolph
used to go out on the Lybian desert
on a dromedary, accompanied by two
or throe intimate friends. He was
a great athlete, and could outrun the
most wiry Bedouin. One day he
went up the big Pyramid in Egypt,
and reached the top in seven minutes. Tbe Times' correspondent
once accompanied Princo Rudolph
in a shooting excursion in   Faysum.
The prinoe walked with his gun on
his shoulder for seven hours in a hot,
blazing sun without stopping once
for a rest While waiting for lunch
in a kiosque, the property of his
highness AU Pasha Oheerif, the
prince remarked: "Nothing I
should like better than to be a
Bedouin ohief and live in this glorious
climate and shoot all day long." AU
Pasha Oheerif said, "Certainly you
would have no political cares and
anxieties." "Oh," exclaimed Prinoe
Rudolph, "I hate politics, especially
court politics, and intrigues I abhor,
I don't like European princes as a
rule. I like these Bedouins, though,
very much." Then, after a pause,
Prince Rudolph added: "After all,
things look now as if there would be
no more princes in Europe. Before
another half century elapses we
shall all have to get out of the way
to make room for presidents and
deputies. I am not sorry either, I
shnll be a literary man and a naturalist; and go shooting every day of
my life." It will be seen that there
were many amiable and promising
points about the unfortunate prince,
his known antipathy to both young
William of Germany and Bismarck,
as well, being rather in his favor
than otherwise, and it seems too
bad, for Austria, at any rate, that
he should have met so untimely and
ignominuous a fate.
Germany's " Iron Chancellor " is
getting shown up in rather an unenviable light these times, not only
to the "fatherland," but to the world.
The publication of the Emperor
Frederick's diary in the first place
dispelled a good many illusions and
scraped off some of the gloss from
the chancellor's 'scutcheon. Then
Bismarck got mad, as everybody
knows, and exposed his bad points
some more. His attitude and expressions toward the late Emperor
Frederick and his English wife, both
before, but particularly after, the
lamented death of the former, have
been neither becoming nor creditable
to Bismarck as a man, or as one occupying the high position he has
held for years in the German nation.
The fact has been made apparent
that Frederick was too good, too
advanced and noble a character to
obtain favor or receive fair treatment from the selfish, saturnine, and
despotic Bismarck, The Morier incident, too, has involved not only
Count Herbert Bismarck in disgrace,
but has cast additional discredit upon the "old block" himself. Coming
on top of their self-inflicted obloquy,
the "Bismarck dynasty" have been
raked over the coals by an anonymous, but evidently notable, writer
in England who spares none of the
weak points in the Bismarckian
armor, but thrusts unmercifully and
with telling effeot. Not a German
newspaper, however, dare copy
a syllable of this arraignment, for
fear of the chancellor's iron rod that
would speedily descend and demolish
it. As if in compensation for the
stern repression of public criticism
in Germany, the darkest stories are
rife abroad, some even going so far as
to charge Bismarck with "removing,"
by his secret agents, the Austrian
crown prince, Rudolph, whose tragic
death has already given rise to so
many and diverse rumors to account
for it. In support of this theory,
the death of the Austrian prince is
said to be but another of those dark
episodes which have occurred during
the past two decades, and which invariably have resulted in tho death
of great personnges who had incurred tho enmity of Prince Bismarck.
As examples the death of Gambetta,
General Chanzy, General Skobelofl',
and King Louis of Bavaria aro
cited. Prince Bismarck, it is said,
hus numerous and unscrupulous
agents of every rank and condition
of life, including such men ns those
who, a few days after the demise of
Emperor Frederick, woro shouting
under the pulace windows, " Hore
you are, one mark for a true history
of the amours of the English woman
with Count S.," a filthy pamphlet,
containing the most outrageous
statements concerning the stricken
empress and her chamberlain. To
what extent Princo Bismarck becomes blind to tho sentiments of humanity when either his personal interests or what he chooses to regard
as the national policy are at stake,
is exemplified by the statement that
at Paris, in 1867, ho was notified,
eight hours before it took place of
the attempt to shoot the Czar on the
way back from Longchamps with
Napoleon. By saying one word, it
is said, he might havo had Bere-
zowski arrosted and have avoided
the shedding of innocent blood. But
he remained silent, fully aware that
if tho attempt took place it would
put an end to all danger of an alliance between Napoleon and Alexander, an alliance which would have
rendered the Franco-German war of
1870 an impossibility. His conduct
in this matter is described as only
in accordance with the cold-blooded
calculation and cynicism with which
he watched the dying moments of
Emperor Frederick, and in keeping
with the brutal persecution to whicli
he has subjected both tho widow ond
all the nearest and dearest friends of
his dead master.
(From Daily Columbian, Feb.  13.)
White frost last night, but not
sevcro enough to damage flowers and
A prominent real estate owner to-day
said that building operations this year
will be fully 100 per cent, greater than
The building boom in brick blocks
haa opened for the season by the application in these columns for tenders
for the erection of Sheriff Armstrong's
block on Columbia at.
It is rumored that an American capitalist haB bonded $100,000 worth of
Westminster property and that he will
return in a few days and pick up a
little more of our valuable dirt.
The W.O.T.U. have requested Rev.
Mr. White to repeat his' sermon on
"The City We Live In," as a leoture,
as soon as he may find it convenient to
do so. The lecture will be liven with
an enlarged map within a week or two.
The price of real estate has taken a
sudden bound upwards and property
is changing hands at continually increased figures overy day. Those who
know claim that Westminster is on the
eve of such a land boom as will surprise even the most sanguine.
Alderman Cunningham gave notice
of motion at the city council meeting
last night that ho would upply to the
council for a grant of $3,000 for park
improvements. The park cummitteo
evidently means business and this action shows that tho elr irge of tho park
has been left in good hands.
"Big Steve" who was released from
the lunatic asylum some months ago,
and who has latterly become a terror
to ladies and children, was arrested
this afternoon for outrageous conduct.
He threatened to brain the constable
with a club he hud in his hand, but
Carty courageously closed with the
maniac and disarmed him.
At the council meeting lust night
action was taken to point out tothe
Dominion government the insufficiency
of the sum of $10,000 which has been
placed on the estimates for the improvements at the mouth of the Fraser
river. The government will be asked
to place au additional sum on supplementary estimates as will allow of this
important work being completed during the present year.
The Victoria Times issued last Monday for tho first time as an eight-column, four-page paper, making it, as it
modestly claims "as large as any papor in British Columbia." We congratulate our cotemporary on this unmistakable evidence of enterprise and
increasing prosperity. The Times is a
thoroughly live newspaper, and now,
more than ever, a credit to the journalism of the province.
Mr. Max Mowat went up to Pitt
Lake this morning to deposit several
hundred thousand sprightly young
salmon, which have been so successfully hatched and cared for at the
hatchery. From this dato forward deposits of fry will bo made in various
hikes and rivers until the hatchery is
empty. The fry have never looked so
promising ns thoy do this year, undoubtedly the result of not over crowding the hatchery.
In Better Humour Now.—"My son
aged eleven was cured of an eruptive
humour that covered his head and face
with sores, by two bottles of Burdock
Blood Bitters anil Pills," testifies Mrs.
Mary Fulford, of Port Hope, Ont.
The lnte 1> T. Fnlrlialrii.
Tho funeral of the late D. T. Fair-
bairn, a clever journaltst, a hard-working honest man, and a faithful friend
wherever and whenever met, took
place on Sunday afternoon from the
undertaking rooms of Mr. Thomas
Storey, to Ross Bay cemetery. Victoria Typograhical Union was largely
represented at the funeral, which was
well attended by the many friends of
tho deceased. Rev. J. E. Starr took
charge of the services at the grave.
Tho pall bearers were: A. Campbell,
F. Shakespeare, H. Howard, J. J.
Randolph, C. Maokio, and W. H. Cul-
The l lilnr •,- Bobbers
Tho livo Chinese in whoso possession stolen goods wero found laBt week,
appeared before the polico magistrate
this afternoon for a hearing. They
all pleaded not guilty. Tlio evidonco
was all against tlio prisoners. Mr.
Symons, of Vanoouver, identified tho
cloth as some of the goods
stolen from him a few weeks
ago. He nlso produced the point of a
knife blado found in his sho]) the
morning after the robbery and which
point exactly fitted the blado of a
knife found in a trunk', of which Ah
Jim had tlm koy. The clothes-wringer was identified by Mr. Thos. Armstrong and the clothing and boots by
Mr. Crandall and Mr. DesBrisay. On
tho wholo the case against the prisoners is very strong.
 m   —.	
I'rom The Norlh,
The steamer Cariboo Fly arrived
down yesterday afternoon from the
north, having made an extremely quick
passage. She brings news of the killing at Fort Simpson of a fisherman
named "Shorty'by his manager, H.
Snow, a trader in the interior. It appears that Snow and "Shorty" were at
Fort Simpson purchasing whiskey and
other supplies necessary in that region.
"Shorty" demanded payment of back
wages, and backed up his demand with
a shot gun. Snow finally snid that ho
would pay, und asked for tho gun.
"Shorty" handed over tho gun and
Snow drew a "bead" on him. A struggle ensued for possession of tho weapon, during which the gun oxploded,
the charge entering the breast of
"Shorty," killing him instantly.
News is alto brought of the  disap
pearance of the son and two daughters
of Mr. John Clayton, of Bella Bella.
They left in a canoe some time ago,
and up to the time the steamer sailed
had not been heard of. —Tuesday's
The Opening Social.
The congregational soiree in connection with the St. Andrew's (Presbyterian) church, held last evening
was fully up to the expectations of the
most sanguine in point of success.
Somo time before the hour appointed
the new brick edifice was moderately
well filled with an expectant asssom-
blage, including representatives from
churches of other denominations.
At 8 o'clock the Rev. Mr. Scouler,
pastor of the congregation, gave out
the Snd paraphrase, which was sung
by the choir to the favorite old tune
"St. Paul," and was followed with
prayers by the Rev. Mr. MoRao.
Mr. Scouler said that he had asked
Mr. J.S. Clute to taketho chair,as that
gentleman was the oldest memberofthe
Presbyterian church of New Westminster present, and therefore the proper
person to preside on this occasion. Mr.
Olute said that ho was, as it were, the
connecting link between the old and
the new congregations, and it gave
him pleasure on this occasion to act as
chairman and he would do the best he
could to fill the position He then announced, as the first item on the programme, an anthem by the choir,
"Thy Mercy O Lord." The chairman
then, in a few felicitous words, introduced the Rev. P. McF. McLeod, of
Victoria, who on rising congratulated
the pastor and the congregation on
their handsome edifice, just oompleted.
He had no doubt when they commenced this structure that they entertained some serious doubts as to accomplishing their object in such a
noble manner, and he trusted that
they would always bear in mind that
that edifice had been consocrated to
the worship of Almighty God. "For,"
said the speaker, ''we do want that
this placo Bhould be holy ground."
After the rev. gentleman concluded
his remarks the audience was entertained with that beautiful song, "The
Better Land," given by Mrs. Lyal and
rendered in a most pleasing style.
The Rev. Mr. White followed with a
short address, congratulating the congregation on the completion of such a
handsome church. He said that they
had made laudable efforts during the
past six months, and he thought that
they should experience feelings of satisfaction and relief that their efforts
were crowned with success. "Awake
the Sweot Anthem" a quartette by
Mrs. Lyal, Miss Clarke, Messrs. Freeman and Ogle was very nicely sung,
The Rev. Mr. Ross, of Chilliwhack,
also added a few congratulatory remarks,and said that the sound of these
proceedings would go far beyond
where they took place. A sacred
song, "He Giveth His Beloved Sleep,"
by Mr. Hugh Wilson, was well rendered. Rev. Mr. Baldwin gave an address in whioh he rejoiced with the
congregation in the completion of the
new church and complimented both
the pastor and people. After the
singing of the 12th hymn, by the
whole assemblage, commencing with
the words "Praiso ye Jehovah, praise
the Lord most holy," addresses were
delivered by Rev. Mr. Tait, Rev. Mr.
McRae, Rev. Mr. Haddon and Rev.
Donnld Fraser.all of whom added their
congratulations to those of the previous speakers. A sacred solo, "Naz-
ereth," by Mr. Lyal, was given in one
of the intervals botween the speeches.
Tho 12th doxology, by the congregation, brought the intellectual part of
the meeting to a close. Mrs. Trew
presided at the organ, and, with the
choir, rendered most valuable service.
An adjournment was made to the
old church, whero tables loaded with
good things were awaiting the attack,
and before partaking of tho good things
Mr. David Lyal read an address, on
behalf of the congregation, to the Rev.
Mr. Thos. Scouler, setting forth tho
esteem and lovo in which tlie rev. gentleman was held by his flock, and asking, on their behalf, his acceptance of
an easy chair for himself and a silver
tea servico for Mrs. Scouler. Tlio
rev. gentleman, replying with apparent emotion and with almost in-
iiudablc voice, thanked those who had
subscribed towards tills testimony,
The ladies, as usual, had managed
to make the lust part of the programme
almost perfection. A very onjoyublo
hour was spent in discussing tho edibles and tho soireo broke up Bhortly
before midnight.
Police Court.
(Ileloro T. C. Atkinson, P.M.)
Jim, a Squamish Indian, arrested
for having an intoxicant in his poBes-
siun, pleaded guilty. Jim, being a bad
Indian, was fined §25 and remanded
for 3 oVys to allow him to leavo the
Moody, a great man among the Indians when any festivities aru in progress, was charged with being drunk
and pleaded guilty.   Fined $5.
Ah Pow, Ah Fook, Ah Jim, Ah Sin
and Ah Hoe, charged with having
stolen property in their possession,
pleaded not guilty.
Constable Pearce gave evidence ns
to tho search of Ah Jim's house and
the finding of the webs of cloth.
The evidence against Ah Heo was
merely that of being in the liouse whon
ontered by tho police, and on application of Mr. Jenns ho was discharged.
The four prisoners were fully committed for trial at the next assizes,
Engineer Joo Gibson, of the O.P.R,
yard-engine hero, was severly burned
about the faoe, arms, and hands last
night by tlio explosion of tho headlight of his engine whilo ho was fixing
it. He is confined to his room, and is
being attonded to by Dr. Robertson.
His injuries though severe are not
serious.—Kancowiier World,        '
Ciiy couca.
The city council met at 8 o'clock last
nfght for the transaction of business.
Present, Aldermen Curtis (in the
chair), Ewen, Scoullar, Reid, McPhaden, Jaques and Cunningham.
A letter was read from the chief engineer of Ihe fire department in which
he stated that the steam fire engine
had been out of repair, but was now in
good running order. The letter enclosed copieB of communications relating tn disputes which had arisen last
year between the two companies. The
old Hyack Co. resigned, and another
company was formed, to whioh the old
company refused to deliver the books
and money in its hands. The new
company appeals to the council for assistance in obtaining possession of
these things. The matter was discussed at some length by the council,
Aid. Reid contending that the funds
and books belonged to the old company, and the new company had no
right to thom either in law or equity.
A resolution was finally passed referring the matter to a committee consisting of Ewen, Scoullar and Calbick,
to make a report to the oouncil.
A communication was read from the
provincial secretary conveying the assent of the government to the appointment of T. O. Atkinson as police magistrate. On motion, the clerk was in.
structed to ask tho government to appoint Mr. Atkinson a stipendiary
magistrate for the province as well.
A communication was read from VV.
N. Draper asking a settlement of his
claim on account of lot taken by the
O.P.R. Referred to the finance committee to report at next meeting.
A communication from B. Worth
and others, asking that Fife street bo
made passable, waB referred to the
board of works to report.
A communication was received from
Grant & Hagstrom, offering to paint
25 or 30 names of streets free of charge.
The clerk was directed to reply, thanking this firm for its generous offer.
A communication was received from
E. B. Biggar, nf Toronto, proposing
to insert in his Canadian memorial volume certain information respecting the
city.   Referred to finance committee.
A communication was read from the
secretary of the board of trade suggesting that the council ask for public
tenders for a daily steamboat service
between this city and the North Arm;
and suggesting that J. A. Laidlaw, O.
B. Ackerman, H. Hoy, J. A. WebBter,
Jas. Cunningham, and W. Wolfenden
be appointed a committee to solicit
subscriptions to clear and level the
park. Both these recommendations
were approved by the council.
The finance committee reported,
recommending payment of the following accounts: Robt. Law, $lj W. F.
Cooksley, $2; Z. S. Hall, $2; W. &G.
Wolfenden, $1.90; T. J. Trapp & Co.,
$4.65; Guardian, $61; Jas. Wise, 20;
provincial government (school rate),
$960.   Report adopted.
The park committee reported, recommending payment of account amounting to $28.50, expenses of surveying
the park.   Report adopted.
The board of works reported, recommending that W. A. Hancock's offer
of $6 for the pavilion bo accepted and
that crossings be placed where required
opposite the scliool grounds. Attention was also called to the fact that
the culvert at Lytton Square had caved
Tho fire and light committoe reported, recommending payment of tho
monthly gas bills, $205.75. Report
The police committee recommended
payment of tho balanco claimed by
the Victoria corporation on account of
the Chinese prisoner who committed
suicide there, amounting to $20. Also
bill uf lock-up keeper, $6.80. Roport adopted.
On motion of Aid. Jaques, seo. by
Aid. Cunis, Cunningham, Ewen, and
Scoullar were appointed a committee to
roviae the city charter.
On motion of Aid. Scoullar sec. by
Aid. Jaques, the clork was instructed
to prepare a memorial lo the federal
government pointing out the insufficiency of thu Bum of $10,000 placed in
the estimates for improvements nt
the mouth of tho Fraser river, and
asking for such a sum to bo placed in
the supplementary estimates us would
complete tho work.
Aid. Jaques gave notice that, he
would introduce a by-law to confirm
tho appointment of the olvio officers;
and Aid. Cunningham gave notice of
motion that he would apply fur a grant
of $3000 for park improvements.
Tho counoil then ndjouned.
J. M. Blaikio, who has been visiting
his old home in Nova Scotia returned
to the city yesterday looking much improved by his trip.
 .   m  .	
Engineer Bacon, of the Canliold rail
road, snys that about seven miles of the
right ol wny slushing has beon let to a
man named McGaskill, who will complete the contract from Whatcom to
Kingsboro by April 1st, Information
obtained at the railroad offices sets at
rest the possibility of any change being made from Kingsboro to Ferndale.
Tho managers say that tho railroad
bridge and buildings will bo erected at
Half an hour after 400  poople  had
left the Napanee Opera House, Kings-
ton, Ont., on Saturday night, the roof
fell in,  smashing every seat.   The
weight of snow on tha roof caused the
 . » . .
The Quobec treasurer's budget
speech is uot expected bofore Friday.
The session threatens to he extraordinarily lengthy. Tho business done
so far iB practically nil.
Absolutely Pure*
This powder n«Y« Tarles. AmarreloX
purity, strength and wholesomeneas. Mora
economical than thi ordinary kinds, and
eannot tie gold ln competition with tha
multitude of low test, short weight alum
or phosphate powders, Sold only In cans.
Royal bam-to Powdbh Oo., lot Wall St,
New York. 8rtly
Samuel Mellard,
Dealer ln Cutlery, Earthenware,
Books, Stationery and Medicines.
land Agent-, Conieyancer, and
Notary Public.
Agent for "The Columbian."
Post Offlce Address, Chilliwhaok.
Bank of Montreal.
CAPITAL (all paid up), . $12,000,000
REST,      •      •      ■      6,000,000
Head Office, • Montreal.
SIB D. A. SMITH, K. C. M. G.-Presldent.
G. A. DRUMMOND, Es«.-Vloe-President
W. J. BUCHANAN-Goneral Manager.
Eng.; New York, Chicago, and In all
tho principal cities und towns In Canada.
Interest allowod on special deposits.
Manaoeb, Vancouver.
Sun-AOENT, New Westminster,
Reduced Prices!
Opp. Colonial Hotel
Colombia St.,   ■  Nkw Westminster.
Biuril Merchaadise!
Hay and Feed
xa. Jk xt xc xi ■a*.
Dry Goods, Boots A Shoes,
Provisions A Groceries.
■i«» ■»«->. «•>«•„
ear As we use no wlilsltyor tobacco we
cun. try tern pernio habits mul oiiri'fnl economy, swve llio public ul especially low
rales, UwJutMe I —
rWeekly British Columbian
' Weilneniliiy Morning, I'eb. SO, 1889.
(From Daily Columbian, Feb. 14.)
The season for wild ducks and geese
doses on February 28th.
There are indications this afternoon
of a oold wave, but the prophets refuse
to predict.
The Canadian Pacific Bailway offers
!»ice laid down in New Westminster at
$6.25 per ton.
The city council is asking for tenders for a daily steamer between this
rity and the North Arm.
The hop at the Oddfellows' Hall.
'■last night waB a most enjoyable affair.
[.Dancing was kept up till 1:30 a. m.
j The theomometer registered four
' degrees of frost last night, It is hoped a fow weeks of frosty weather will
I now ensue.
Big Steve is now confined in the
provincial gaol and will he removed to
the Asylum for insane as soon as a va-
|; cancy occurs.
The steamship San  Mateo,   Dunsmuir & Sens' new  collier, sailed on
Sunday with 4100 tons of Wellington
' ooal for San Francisco.
I    Contractor Leamy reports that work
1 on the crib   work   on   the  Southern
Railway right of way, noar the hatoh-
j ery, is progressing rapidly.
'   Mr. P. McTieman received word from
I Bute Inlet yosterday to the effect that
j 110 new cases of small-pox have broken
£ out since the quarantine   was   established.
A petition was being circulated today among the property owners of
Sapperton, asking the government to
annex that suburb to the city of New
A snow storm gave Vancouver a call
yesterday, and threw a lloeoy mantle
over the townsite. And nowthe terminal
citizens claim that- no city in the world
' looks so woll when covered with snow
as does Vancouver.
Tacoma, W. T., has reached that
stage where street paving has become
necessary, and, after a prolonged discussion as to the choice of paving
material, it appears likely that cedar
blocks will be selected for the majority
of the streets.
It is now reported that up-country
ice cutters are endeavoring to form a
gigantic trust to control the ico market ol the province. What need we
not oxpeot after this ? Thank goodness the air is still free and no injunction has yet been placed on respiration.
Ituskin's professional lifo at Osforcl
will nut be dealt with in his autography: ho intends to givo it a book
all to itself, fie could never have
accomplished so much work were it
not for his habit of early risiug. Most
of his writing has been dono by early
The farmers of British Columbia intond to form a so-called National Farmers' Alliance A meeting will be
held in Victoria during the summer.
One subject for consideration will be
co-oporatiou in tho purchase of heavy
merchandise direot from manufactures,
to the oxclusion of middlemen.—Standard.
Town lots are in great demand and
real estate men have never been so
busy befiuo. Every hour in the day
largo transactions are concluded and
ovoty duy in the week is adding to the
value of real estato. Yosterday after-
tornoon Major & Pearson sold 36 valuable lota and other dealers report extensive sales.
Parties (we refrain from mentioning
names) who havo in their possession
copies of tho "Statutes of British Columbia," for various yeara, and also
a volumo of consolidated statutes, borrowed from this office, will be kind
enough to consider this notification as
a request for the return of the books
in question, without delay.
It is now definitely Bottled that tho
Pacific Coast Steamship Co., commencing on March Oth, will run three steamers to Viotoria and the Sound, to accommodate the increased traffic. The
steamers will leavo overy five days,
and the additional steamer will bo the
Moxicu, which has been entirely'renovated and repaired.—Colons'.
The settlors in the Lillooet section
of tho Mnple Ridge municipality are
suffering serious inconvenience on account ol the destruction, several
months ago, by a freshet, of the Lillooet Rivor bridge. It is desiml le
thnt the government Bhould take steps
townrds having a now and more strong-
, ly constructed bridgo erected without
1 delay.
The funeral of tho lato Thos. Cook
took placo this afternoon frnm Holy
Trinity Church to tho Oddfellows'
comotory. The remains woro followed
to thoir lust resting placo by tho
Oddfellows' society, to wliich ordor
tho decoasod belonged, and by 11 largo
number of citizens who took this last
chnnco of paying a tribute of respect
to their departed friend.
Children's Entertainment.
The North Anu llond.
The Want of a wagon road betweon
Now Westminstor und the Nortii Arm
hns boon koeulyfeltbythe farmers since
the rogular steam Borvice was suspended. North Arm farmers having
business in WestminBter and only residing six miles distant, in a straight
line, aro forced to drive a distance of
twenty miles in order to roach tho
oity, Westminster cannot expect
much trado from the North Arm fanners while it is necessary to tnko this
roundnbout routo. Tho establishment
of a daily steamboat service will do
much to bring the farmers back to
WestminBter, but the rond, if anything, is the must important of the
two, as it places no tax on tho farmers.
Tho government will mako many
friends on the North Arm if tho load
is built.
Children Cryfor
Last evening the Sabbath school
children of St. Andrew's church and
a number of their young friends of
other denominations met at the old
Presbyterian church, at about 6:30,
and after enjoying a feast of good
things that remained from the congregation social of Thursday night, entered right heartily into a novel and
entertaining programme, embracing
simple music, readings, recitations, etc.,
prepared and conducted by their
teachers and others. The youngsters
had a very pleasant evening, and were
dismissed by their kind entertainers
about 9:30, full of cake and ecstasy.
St. Valentine's Day.
We are glad to know that the grand
old custom of sending loving tokens to
friends on St. Valentines Day is not
dying out. It Is one of those fond
customs which hns been handed down
for generations, and one which even
the rudo mop of modern civilization
has not beenable to obliterate. We
have boen favored to-day — greatly
favored—and our composition is filled
with gratitude. The token Bent us is
modest and unprotensive, not one of
those costly affairs scribbled over with
tulsomo praise and flattery, and which
brings vividly to ones mind the many
perfections we are known to posess.
On the contrary our valentine modestly
depicts us in the role of the late and
highly respected Ceorge Washington,
of Virginia, U. S., with a little
hatchet in our hand, nnd a smilo seraphic un our face which would inspire
confidence in the heart of a bankrupt
real estate dealer. The tout ensemble
of the chromo is rather flattering,
and not undeserved, but our
beauty is somewhat marred by the
size of our feet, which we must
confess have been over drawn—but we
overlook this defect in charity to the
artist. The accompanying lines are
short, but to the point, and the sentiments contained therein are more and
better than we expeoted. Send along
some more valentines, our art gallery
is not filled yet.
Annexation Heeling.
A public meeting waB held last evening at Sapperton to consider the advisability of annexing that suburb to
the corporation of the city of New
Westminster. The city was represented by acting Mayor Curtis, and Aid.
Ewen, Jaques. Reid and Cunningham.
On motion J, B. Kennedy took the
chair and Mr. Polly acted as secretary. After a spirited discussion
which lasted about two hours, in which
the acting mayor, the aldermen,
Messrs. DeBeck, Laidlaw, McBride
and several others took part, the following resolution  was  introduced.—
Moved by H. L. DeBeck, seconded by
Jas. A. Laidlaw, That we, the property-
owners of Sapperton, agreo to be taken
into the city limits of N.W. provided the
Southern Railway workshops are built
at Sapperton, or in the event of the said
workshops uot beiug built at Sapperton,
that we be exempt from taxation for all
existing debts of the city, and that a
clause be added to tho city charter to
that effect, otherwiso we pretest against
Sapperton being taken in as part of the
said city of New Westminster.
The following amendment to the
foregoing resolution was then moved
by Mr. A. H. McBride and seconded
by Mr. McKenzie:
That wetheundersigned residents and
property owners of Sapperton hereby
express our desire to be taken into or
annexed to the municipality of the
city of New WestminBter.
After some discussion the amendment was put to the meeting and lost.
The original motion was then put
and carried.
The meeting then adjourned.
Induction Services.
Tho induction of the Rev. E. O.
McLaren, late of Brampton, Ont., to
the pastorate of St. Andrew's Church,
Vancouver, took place last evening
and was witnessed by a large assemblage. The following clergymen were
preaent and assisted in the proceedings : Rev. D. MoRao, modorator of
the Presbytery; Rov. P. McF. McLeod, Rev. Thos. Scouler, Rev. T.
6. Thomson, Rov. D. Eraser, Rev.
Alexander Tait, Rov, W. R. Robs,
Rov. R. McKay, Rev. Mr. Pedley and
Rev. Mr. Kennedy. Tho induction
sermon was deliverod by the Rev. P,
McF. McLeod, who took bis text from
2nd Corinthians, 8th chapter and 23rd
vorse : "Whether any do onquire of
Titus, ho ia my partner and fellow-
helper concerning you; or our brethren bo enquired of, they aro tho messengers of the church and the glory of
Christ." At the conclusion of the sermon Rov. Mr. McLaren was questioned by Rev. D. McRae concerning
his belief in tho Confession of Faith,
and his obligations and motives. Those
being eatisfactorily answered, Rov.
Mr. McRao pronounced aB follows:
"lu Ihe name of OhriBt and by tho authority of tho Presbytery I induct you
into the pastorato of this church, welcome you and extend to you the right
hand of fellowship." Rev, Mr
Scouler, of this city, then delivered
tho chargo to the newly inducted minister and was followed by Rev. J.
Gavin Thompson who oharged the
congregation. After the ceremony
was concludod tlio oustomary introduction of the new pastor to tho congregation followed.
A Boos AND A Bi.ES9ixri.--A boon nnd
a blessing to mankind is Hagyard's Yellow Oil, tbo great pain destroyer and
hcnliiig remedy for externnl and internal
use. Yollow Oil euros all aches and
pains, rhouinatism, lame back, soro
throat, croup, deafness, cramps, contracted cords and lameness. Procure it
of your druggist.
Pitcher's Castoria.
(From Daily Columbian, Feb. 15.)
The police court Bhowed an empty
docket this morning.
O. S. Leach, absconding city treasurer of Marysville, Conn., is at Winnipeg-
It is said that Scarth, M. P. for
Winnipeg, will be appointed to the
Dominion senate.
Richard & Pringle's famous Georgia
Minstrels will appear at Herring's
Opera House next Friday evening.
The run of spring salmon is not improving as fast as was expected. During the past week only a few fish have
been caught.
Contrary to expectation the weathei
did not turn any colder last night, and
a general freeze-up seems as far distant as ever.
In the case of McGirr & MoKinnon
vs. Goodinnrphy et al judgment for
$500 damages and costs has boen
given in favor of the plaintiffs.
The total length of the new Manhattan bridge across the Harlem River,
including span and approaches, is 2>-
384 feet. It will be opened on Washington's birthday.
The report of Mr. Ogilvie, who
made an exploratory survey of the
Yukon river and visited the Arctic
slope, Is to be illustrated by the department of the interior.
A monument to Washington is to
be erected by the society of the Cincinnati of Pennsylvania, in Fairmount
Park, Philadelphia, the total cost of
which is estimated at about $300,000.
The designer of the monument is
Sohimmerling, of Berlin.
Mr. Spurgeon, the celebrated Baptist preacher, is unable to take exercise at Mentone because of the swelling of his feet. It was frequently his
custom, or rather his necessity, to
preach to his London congregation
with one leg resting for Bupport on a
pulpit chair.
Business in the real estate line continues to be very brisk and the price is
going up every day. Dealers are kopt
very busy and the number of transfers
made every day is something remarkable. Outsiders are begiuning to
realize that WestminBter is a capital
place for investment.
One of the saloons in town issues
small brass checks on which is inscribed "goad for one drink." Anyono into whose hands these checks
happen to fall can take their choice of
drinks at the bar. Last night while
the collection waB being taken up at
the Salvation Army meeting, a practical joker threw in one of those checks,
which liberality was evidently appreciated by the captain who smiled and
said : "That s right, my lad, God bless
m '
Look Oot ton It.—If you arc troubled with a cold or cough, however light
the attack, look out for it; do not allow
it to settle on the lungs; break up the
cough by loosening the tough phlegm
with Hagyard's Pectoral Balsam.
Sapperton Annexation.
Notwithstanding the action taken at
the annexation meeting at Sapperton
on Wednesday night, the friends of
the movement went to work yesterday
morning and drew up a petition asking
the government to annex that suburb
to the city of Now Westminster. The
petition was circulated and has been
signed by the majority of the property
owners of Sapperton. Tho majority
of those who voted against annexation
have signed the petition. The matter
will go before the council for consideration at its first meeting.
Firing up the Smelter.
The smelter was started up yesterday. The blast was put in at 12:30 and
the furnaces ran from that time until
I o'clock, giving entire satisfaction.
At 7 o'clock a fire occurred in Borne of
the joists under the feed floor, but
owing to tho admirable arrangement
for fire protection, the blaze was extinguished in a few minutes. Tho
management, however, not desiring to
take the slightest risk decided to shut
down until the cause might be fully
ascertained and provided against. The
furnaces will in all probability start
on Monday again.—News-Advertiser.
Diphtheria al Nanaimo.
Diphtheria is still working its terriblo ravages in Nnnnimo. Tho fourth
child of Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Thompson,
II fivo-ycnrold daughter named Hnttio,
died on Monday, Mrs. Thompson
horsolf is just recovering from tho
disease. On Tuesday, Lottie, nine-
year-old daughter of Mr. und Mrs. R.
J. Smith, succumbed to the dread
disease, this being the second death
in the family. Much sympathy is folt
fur tho afflicted families. Mr. A.
Mc. Baveridge, lato of the V unoouver
News-Advertiser, but now city editor
of the Nanaimo Free Press, is reported
down wilh diphtheria nt the Nanaimo
BeurchlnR for ller Brother.
Miss Chirk, a young woman from
Detroit, Michigan, is in the city looking for her brother, Wm. D. Olark,
who camo to Vancouver, B. ft, from
London, England, two years ngo. She
states he wrote regularly to hor to
Detroit, where she has resided for
seven years past. About six months
ago ho wrote telling her that he had
obtained a position on one of tho boats
runnimi between Soattlo and San
1( rinicisco. About threo months ago
he ceased writing entirely, and fearing
that something had happened to him
alio camo out to niiilco u personal sonrch
for him. Anyone knowing anything
about tho missing mun is requested to
comniunicnto with tho chief of polico.
Seattle Press.
eroding to Commence.
Mr. James Leuuvy, couiractor for
the grading of the Southern Railway
road-bed from Brownsville to the international boundary, will commence
active operations on Monday morning.
Work would hare begun a week ago,
but it was impossible to proeure men,
and even now scarcely a sufficient
number have been engaged to make a
start. It is hoped that by the end of
the week several hundred men will be
at work and this number will ba steadily augmented as the work progresses,
Mr. Leamy has all the tools and implements necessary to work » gang ol
a thousand men, and should it become
necessary he wil! cover the line with
navvies and rush the work through to
completion in short order.
New Planing Kill.
That enterprising firm of contractors, Messrs. Ackerman Bros,, have
decided to start a first-cluBS planing
mill and sash and door factory, nnd
have purchased that valuable piece of
property at the coiner of Columbia
and Ellis streets on which the buildings will be erected, A full plant of
machinery, incltding engine and boiler, has bean ordered from Cowan &
Co., of Gait, Ont., and it is felly expeoted that the new mill will be •completed and in active operation by the
first of Hay, A small sawmill will
also be built to run in counection with
the factory, The goods manufactured
will be for botb the homo and foreign
market. The Columbia" wishes
Messrs. Ackerman Bros, every success
in their new enterprise.
M .ans. O. C. Bichahds A Co.
Dear Sirs.—1 took a seven cold i
February last which settled In my back
and kidneys, causing excruciating pain.
After using several other preparations
and being without Bleep four nights
through intense suffering, I tried your
first application I was so much relieved
that I fell into a deep Bleep and complete
recovery shortly followed.
Jons S, MoLiou.
llllooet DIsMel.
Editor Columbian. — The bridge
across the Fraser Biver sear Lillooet village is open for traffio. Times are very
dull in the distriot just at present, but
strong hopes aro entertained that as soon
as the spring opens up there will be considerable mining dono during the summer. There are a large number of Chinese wintering iu Lillooet, and last week
there was a great time with them in Lillooet village, since the death of the woman supposed, and wo think correctly,
to have heen murdered (whother intentionally or not) by a Chinaman, who
mado good his escape irom Lillooet, after
remaining there until after his victim
was interred, We have since heard that
he has boen taken near Westminster, and
hope that justice will be dono to hiin. as
well as to the littlo helpless girls, who
seem to bo the objects of great solicitude
to certain parties in Victoria. Would it
not be better to have these girls with
their own friends than have such a disgraceful show-off aB thoy, the sheriff and
thi? stranger sent from Victoria after
thein, sueceeded in making of the children last week. Just imagine two timid
girls detained in a desolate lock-up for
weeks and brought out of the building
by tho sheriff to the wagon that was to
convey them to Ashcroft. In place of
the girls obeying orders and getting iuto
tho waggon, they simply bolted. The
crowd that had gathered mado way, one
girl succeeded in getting through a gate
and entered a private residence, whero
she was sure of protection from hor pursuer, the other was caught aud put back
into the lock-up. Tho other went back
of her accord to keep her company after
the Victoria man had goue with her to
"tho terriblo waggon."
Now, what wo want to know is, by
what right aro theso girls to bc taken
from their own friends and natural protectors and sent off with a strange man
to thom- no friend with them- in fact,
against the wishes of all the friends tlicy
hnvo! They aro simply pnsouors, for
what olso is their elose confinement in
Lillooet jail! If they had been kept for
witnesses, tho Chineso friends would not
object to their confinement, but by whnt
right aro they to bo taken to a house of
refuge ? Aro they not aliens ? And when
they ask, or somo of their friends for
them, to bo tnken to a houso of refuge,
it would bo quite soon enough for the
law to step in to take care of them. Why
should the country be put to the expense
of raising them against their will, when
they havo friends who are quite able and
willing to protect thein, and also to go
seenrity for thom to appear as witnesses
about the murder case, if they are
There is something decidedly wrong
somewhere. If the sheriff cannot maintain ordor when taking victims or prisoners better than was done last week in
Lillooet, the Chinese will be ablo to do
just as they like, for there is no doubt
that if the Chinese had not kept quiet,
under great provocation, there would
have boen blood-shed. What could ono
man do against 150 Chinese ? As it was,
tho sheriff was handled pretty roughly,
without any sympathy at all from tho
white residents, who want more justico
and loss red tape. Chips.
Pavilion, Feb. 11:1888
[Onr correspondent refers above to tho
Chinese woman who wa3 murtlored at
Lillooet last nioath, it is supposed, by nn
uiisuccesssul Chinoso suitor for her
daughter's hand, nnd tho "girls" mentioned aro tho daughters of the murdorod
Victoria, Feb. 11.—House opened
at tbe usual hour. Prayers by Bishop
Hon. Mr. Robson introduced an act
to amend the Public School Act (Chap.
104, Consolidated Acts, 1888.) Second
reading Wednesday.
Mr. Bole aBked the provincial secretary: Hare the recommendations of
the following select committees of the
assembly, which were adopted last
session, bean fully carried out by the
government.     If    not,   why   not'I
1. Committee on the claim of Geo.
Ditcham, adopted  25th April,  1888.
2. Committee on the claims of Louis
and E. Gold, adopted 25th April, 1888.
3. Committee on the claim of Samuel
Greer, adopted 27th April, 1888. Aim.
—1st. The improvements wen liberally valued and added to the. upset
price, at vhich price the laud was
knocked down to the claimant. The
government regard this as a final settlement. 2nd. In this case the valuator
could find no improvements whatever
and tho government have been unable
to discover any olaim either in law or
equity. 3rd. A further examination
of this case has only tended to
strengthen the previous conviction
that there is uu claim either in law or
Hon. Mr. Beaven asked why a question which he had asked yesterday,
and which the chief commissioner was
unready to answer, had been dropped
from the notice paper.
Hon, Mr. Vernon contended that
he had answeied that he was unready
and therefore the leader uf the opposi"
tion must give two days notice before
the question could be repeated,
Mr. Speaker—No, I disagree with
tho hon. chief commissioner. The
answer to the question has been merely
Hon. Mr. Robson, in accordance
with 0 resolution of the house, brought
down papers and correspondence in
respect to the Dominion Franchise
Aot. .   .
House went into committee on the
summary procedure bill. After several clauses had been passed, down to
the schedules, a motion was made to
take tho schedules as read. ' •'■'
Hon. Mr. Humphreys, sneaking to
this motion, proceeded to severely
condem the general principles of the
bill. ;. ,
Mr. Higgins, who occupied the chair,
objected to the principles of the bill
being discussed and refused to hear the
honorable member for Comox till he
had referred the point to the speaker.
The speaker having taken the chair,
Mr. Bole explained that he thought
the member for Comox had been
Mr. T. Davie protested that the
schedules should not be read.
Mr. Speaker—Schedules must be
taken up one by one, and if any
honorable gentleman objects to taking
them sb read they must be read,
Hon Mr Beavon—Before you leave
the chair I must object to any chairman of a committee undertaking to
report whatever he thinks fit to the
house (laughter). The chairman made
this report altogether on his own
The chairman resumed the chair,
and the committee proceeded to read
and consider the schedules.
Hon Mr Humplierya contended
that some of the provisions of the bill
were nut in keeping with civilization ;
that the proposition was practically'
tn go back to imprisonment for debt
and to commit the debtor to hard
labor. He moved that schedule B be
amended by striking out "hard labor."
Mr T Davio claimed that there
should bo provisiou compelling witness
and orders tn come into court.
Hon attorney general claimed that
under the conditions under which hurd
labor would be inflicted it would be
At 5 o'clock the committee rose,
reported progress and asked leavo to
sit ngnin on Tuesday.
Mr. Beaven presented a petition
from the executive committee of the
synod of tho diocese of British Columbia, asking for incorporation of
the synod.
Hon Mr Dunsmuir presented u
petition from the residents of Nanaimo
asking that an oflice for recording
mineral claims to bo established at
Mr Beaven presented a petition
from the Westminster-Southern Railway Co., asking for exlention of
The house adjourned until Wednesday ut 2 p.m.
Hon. Mr. Davio will ask leavo to
introduco a bill respecting qualifications and registration of votors.
Mr. Beaven will ask leave to iiitro-
a bill to repeal sections 10 and 11 ol
the Magistrate Aot, 51 Vie., chap. 78,
vol. 1, consolidated statutes, 1888.
the bill was read a first time.   Second
reading Thursday.
Mr. Humphreys moved, seconded
by Mr. Grant, that an order of the
house be granted for a return of expenditure on Leech river road since
July 1st, 1888.   Oarried.
Mr. Anderson asked leave to introduce a bill entitled "An Act for the
Preservation of the Publio Roads."
Leave was granted and the bill was
read a first time, the second reading to
be on Monday.
Mr. Higgins asked the attorney-
general if any of the recommendations
of the select committee appointed to
enquire into the condition of Victoria
goal during last session had been carried out, and, if any, which.
The attorney-general produced a letter from the superintendent of police
containing all the information obtainable.
Mr. Beaven asked four questions
to detail of transactions under the land
act of 1884.
Mr. Beaven asked the chief commissioner of lands and works if he wat
ready to niiBwer yet.
The chief commissioner contended
that the usual two days' notice had
not yet been given. He explained to
the house that it waB impossible to
Bupply the information asked for in
less than two or three weeks. The
clerk was now at work and Mr. Beaven '
would receive the information as soon
as possible.
The matter was then allowed to
Mr. Higgins moved the second reading of the election regulation bill and
referted at some length to tlie bill.
After considerable discussion a motion for the second reading was carried
on a vote of 15 to 6.    '
The bill was committed and the
houae went into committee.
At 5 o'clock the committee rose and
reported progress and .asked leave to
sit again.
Mr. T. Davie asked leave to introduce a bill to amend the Supreme
Court Act. Leave was granted Snd
the bill read a tirat'time, the second
reading to be on Thursday.
Mr. Higgins moved the second reading of the legal profession bill. After
some discussion a resolution for the
second reading resulted in a tie of 11
for and 11 against.      "
The speaker said he had strong
views upon the subject himself, but in
accordance with the usual practice,
would vote for the Becond reading oC
the bill.
The provincial secretary presented
the" petition of the Vancouver Street
Railway Co. for incorporation.
The house adjourned until Thursday
at 3 p.m. •! .:■■■■
Among the notices of motion Mr. T.
Davie asked leave to introduce a bill
respecting pharmacy.
Mr. Mason will introduce a resolution asking that representation be
made to the Dominion government requesting exemption from duty of mining machinery imported into the province for quartz mining purposes.
Mr. Bole will ask us to the desirability of establishing quarantine stations at Westminster, Vancouver and
Mr. Bole will ask if it is tho intention of the government to provide for
the ueeded additions lo the insane
Mr. Ladner will ask if the proposed
bridge across the Fraser near St.
Mary's Mission is to be built to serve
the purpose of a traffic bridge.
: "1
A Gkeat Sufferer. — That person
who is afflicted with rheumatism is a
great sufferer and greatly to be pitied if
thoy caunot procure Hagyard's Yellow
Oil. This remedy ia a certain cure, not
only for rheumatism but for nil external
aches nnd internal pains.
J. Ballabny, from Suult St. Marie,
came to Montreal about a week ago
with somo thousand dollars' worth of
watches and other stolen jewelry,
which ho told at various establishments.    He was arrested.
Miraculous.—"My Miraculous Cure
was that I had suffered from kidney disease for about yeara, was off work all
that time. A friend told me of II. B. B.,
I tried it, and am happy to say that I
wna cured by two bottles." Wm, Tier,
St. Marys, Out.
Victoria, Feb. 13.—After the opening routine. Mr. Grant presented a
petition from residents of Victorin city
with regard to tho attachment of mail
service to Queen Charlotte Island. He
said he would have a resolution to introduco bearing upon the subject later
in the session.
Mr. Bole presented a petition from
R. Dickinson and others in regard to
the proposed line of railway on the
bank of the Fraser River to Vancouver.
The petition of the Westminster
Railway company, asking for an extension of time, was received and
Tho petition of the synod of the
diocese of British Oolumbia, asking
for incorporation, was received and
A petition asking for a recording
office for Texada Island, to be located
at Nanaimo, was received and road.
Mr. Bolo aBked loavo to introduco a
bill to amend the Bush Fires Act.
Leave was grunted and the bill rend a
first time. The second reading will
take placo to-morrow.
The attorney-general nskod leavo to
introduce a bill to amend tho County
Courts' Aot.   Leavo was grantod and
Lot m.iii tin MwnUipnih} of
; t-liiy lomu; iihoiit.70ncres plftflrod nud
fenced with gjotl rt-nciii^; .uumi bearing
orchil nt, Small frame houso, 1 :i r_r-f ■ Imrn
uud stable; good Water, both woll nnd
f-roek: faring im Frasor river with good
steniuboiil laud Inc. Price, sunt-, liberal
terms. Apply to
no!>dlt-wtC Ohilliwhack, & O.
| J.1UUUI1J lUUliUj
Mr Krnzlc fit., NewWestminster, B.0.
Valuable Building nnd Ma mi fn during
Sites for Sale or Lease In the cities of New
WestminBter aud Vanoouver.
Forms for Sate.
Money to Loan on good Real Estate ss
curity at reasonable rates.     mh2dmlwtO
and may be sent by mail to any Post Oflico tn
Canada, New Illustrated Cntnlogue now ready.
Containing Description and Prices of the choicest
Mailed free. Every Farmer nnd Gardener should
have ft copy before ordering seeds for the coming
season.   Handsomest catalogue Issued in Canada.
For the convenience of my friends residing In
British Columbln, 1 have sent a number of my
Catalogues to Mr. W, J. Wiiitbsidk, New West*
minstcr( It. C., who will forwnrd copies of samo
to till intending purchasers upon application. Weekly British Columbian
Wednesday Mernlng, Feb. Ht, 18119.
Considerable agitation is going on
at present against Sunday newspapers. The feeling against them
is not confined to any one section
or country, but is widespread. We
believo we are safe in saying that
out of the three great English speaking countries, the United States is
the only place where Sunday papers
are received with favor, wo might
say tolerated. British Columbia, as
tbe only place in the Dominion.must,
however, be excepted, as there are
two daily papers that issue Sunday
editions at present—the Colonist, of
Viotoria, and the News-Advertiser,
of Vanoouver. A few weeks ago
our despatches contained the announcement that a "daily newspaper
to be issued on Sunday" had been
started in London, Eng., "under
American auspices." The Pall Matt
Gazette severely condemned the new
enterprise, declaring the "introduction of the practice to be a social
crime of the first magnitude," and
appealed to all journals and journalists to set their faces against it at
the very outset. Editor Stead, of
the Gazette, was not far off in his
characterization of Sunday papers,
and even in the United States there
is arising a better sentiment against
this form of needless Sabbath desecration which promises in time to
■work a reform. To come nearer
home, however, the clergy of Vancouver have from the first opposed
the idea of a Sunday paper at the
salt water terminus, and have used
their endeavors to bring about a reform in that respect. Eev. T. G.
Thomson, of the First Presbyterian
church at Vancouver, has been
preaching a series of sermons on
Sabbath desecration, and dwelt last
Sunday evening on the evils of Sunday papers. We publish his remarks in another column as given in
the News of Wednesday. The Col
onist of Friday takes Mr. Thomson
to task for his "complete ignorance
of the subject be endeavored to discuss, or the lack of credibility in
the ' good authority' he quoted."
Continuing, the Colonist says:
"There is but a few hours work on a
Sunday morning paper, and that all
before 7 a,m., whereas on a Monday
paper the staff is required to be at
work as on other days. Mr. Thomson is willing that newspaper employes should work after nine on
Sunday evening. Is the early morning more sacred in his eyes than the
evening, or is he simply inconsistent!" Neither, we can answer for
Mr. Thomson. In the first place,
the Colonist's statement that, "on a
Monday paper, the staff is required
to be at work as on other days," is
not true. A Monday morning paper
can be issued by beginning work not
earlier than 9 o'clock Sunday evening, or even at midnight, and this
has been demonstrated iu actual
praotice. But supposing, for argument's sake, that as much Sunday
work was necessary on a Monday as
on a Sunday morning paper, which
is not the case, the public would be
saved the demoralization and bad
example of receiving and devouring
a secular paper on Sunday morning,
as on other days of the week, and
would be better served and suited he-
sides, in every respect, by a Monday
morning paper instead. These two
are the renl points; and it is really
very difficult to invent an excuse for
the Sunday newspaper that will hold
A discussion is now going on in the
English press, observes an exchange,
regarding the defenselessness of
the British coast; notably the southern and eastern portions, the dangers
Of invasions, and the best means of
protection. The latest theory is
advanced by Captain Willoughby
Verner, and described in the current
number of the National Beview
(English), the author being evident
Iy an artillerist and of the land
forces rather than of the marine; his
theory, like most of those piecoding
it, sound or shaky, according as it is
regarded from the land or sea. He
would have tho British coast marked
off into districts, each possessing a
battery of the type of machine guns
devised by that ingenious Yankee,
Hiram Maxim, and the districts so
connected by telegraph that 32 of
these pepper-boxes could be assembled at short notice at a
threatened point. It would not be
necessary to have heavy guns on tin
coast line, he says, because, where
the intent was invasion, men would
have to be landed in boats, and
these he would open on as soon as in
range. He says that at many
points of the coast ships could not
oome close in shore for the rocks, a
statement abundantly supported by
the soundings, as given on the admiralty charts; that it would require
time to launch and man tho boats,
and still more to get them to the
beach, thus affording time to prepare tho defenso. But let us suppose that the enemy, instead of  ob
ligingly making ready to fall into
this cleverly constructed mouse trap,
should select a bold portion of the
coast for his enterprise, occupying
himself during the day hours with
making things lively about the
shore, and, at short range, playing
upon everything having the appearance of a battery, and when night
came, and under cover of a hot enfilading fire, embarking his expeditionary force in boats armed not
only with machine guns, but as well
with shields to protect them from
the fire of those in battery ashore.
Captain Verner speaks of the American dynamite gun in high terms,
and believes that, too, would prove
useful on such occasions as those he
would prepare for. Indeed, it would
seem as if he might profitably make
this his main reliance should tbe
enemy come up within a mile and
a half of the shore, but in case he
did not, perhaps he could not put in
the day hours to better advantage
than by telegraphing for torpedo
boats and carefully measuring distances and finding ranges to make
effective when night should set in,
even if such preoccupation risked
the completeness of the machine
gun battery. Admiral Porter (Am
erican) and other high authorities
have recorded the opinion that the
result of the coming naval war, let
it be between powers whose relative
forces have heretofore been well de
fined, is likely to be uncertain, because of the introduction of war
material of a novel description and
the necessity for a complete change
in tactics. Because of this change
in conditions and the lack of data
gathered from the operations of actual war, it is not easy to suggest a
theory of attack or defense which
does not contain a self-evident fallacy. One military authority tells
us that shore batteries, unless of the
most powerful and elaborate description, oannot hope to beat off big
modern ships. Another explains
with careful detail how that torpedoes in the channelways and torpedo boats in the roads may bo looked to to stop the the advance of anything that can be floated, Both arrange the details of their plans
under the most favoring conditions,
and each seems plausible, perhaps
conclusive, until the other is examined.
The Dominion trade and navigation returns for 1888 show, among
other things, that British Oolumbia
paid into the Dominion treasury last
year customs duties to the amount
of $861,465. By way of comparison this is nearly twice as much as
was paid by Manitoba. The amount
is divided among the different ports
of the province as follows: Nanaimo, $41,584; New Westminster,
$20,748; Vancouver, §50,518; Victoria, $748,613. Commenting on
the returns, the Colonist says:
"These figures show very clearly the
relative commercial importance of
the seaport towns of British Columbia." Such may appear to be
the case on the surface, but a little
examination will show that, although
"figgers can't lie," they may deceive.
In the first place, it should be ex
plained that a very large share of
Victoria's duties is paid on Chinese
imports, that Victoria still continues
to do the bulk of tho wholesale business of the province—a condition of
things that must shortly change—
and that, since C. P. B. connection,
Westminster and Vancouver have
brought a large share of their goods
from the eastern provinces,these,it is
unnecessary to say, being not dutiable. Victoria, of course, imports
from the other provinces to a larger
extent than formerly, but not nearly
to so large an extent proportionately
as the mainland ports, Tho fact,
too, that Nanaimo is shown by tho
returns to have paid 841,584 in
customs duties—twice as much as
Westminster and nearly as much as
Vancouver—calls for explanation
beforo ono swallows tho Colonist's
assurance that "those figures show
very clearly the rolative commercial
importance," etc. Nanaimo, like
Victoria, is not so conveniently
situated with respect to railway
connection with tho east as are the
mainland ports, and consequently
the old connections with San Francisco and the States are maintained,
this trade being, no doubt, assisted
and sustained by the fact that vessels are continually coming to the
Diamond city for coal, when merchandise would be brought very oheaply,
instead of ballast. Vancouver's
figures, too, although not large, are
swelled considerably, as well as those
of Victoria, by the imports of the
Chinese merohants. Another thing
that swells Victoria's imports, at the
expense of this city particularly, and
of the rest of the provinco, is the
imports from Great Britain, both by
ship direct and via the O.P.R. By
means of her wholesale houses, Victoria receives nearly all of these, paying tho duties thnrc,nndthen distributing to ihe mainland. English goods
for some of our merchants in this
city, coining via the C.P.R., actually go through totho wholesale men
Children Cryfor Pitcher's Castoria.
there, and return here after a needless delay of ten ot twelve days in
some instances. Places in the upper
country are supplied in the same
way. This is an unnatural relio of
the old days when Victoria was
British Oolumbia, and the facts we
have cited emphasize the necessity
and the opening for wholesale^iouses
in this city, The Colonist says,
"these figures show very dearly the
relative commercial importance of
the seaport towns of British Oolumbia." It oould, with equal truth,
say that the figures in question
showed "very clearly" the relative
commercial importance of British Oolumbia as an importing country,
compared with preceding years. It
might also say that the figures
showed the relative commercial importance of Victoria in 1888 as compared with previous years. But if
this were taken for granted, without
any explanation, as the Colonist
does the other, we should be forced
to the conclusion that the "commercial importance" of Victoria was
dwindling, and that of the province
well. The roturnsshow: 1888,
duties on imports, Victoria, $748,-
000 (we -shall just give round numbers for convenience in reading);
province, $861,000. 1887, Victoria,
$784,000; province, $883,000. 1886,
Victoria, $782,000; province, $880,-
000. 1885, Victoria, $852,000; province, $966,000. 1884, Viotoria,
$753,000; province, $884,000. A
comparison of these figures will show
that the amount of dutiable imports
both for Victoria and the province
has not been so low in the lost five
years as in 1888, according to the
returns. Yet the Colonist will
hardly say that " these figures show
very clearly" that the "commercial
importance" of Victoria and of the
province is decreasing. For the
last five years, respectively, beginning with 1888, Westminster has
paid the following round sums in
customs duties: $20,000, $66,000,
$56,000, $63,000, $93,000. It goes
without saying that the commercial
importance of Westminster, as well
as of the entire province, is increasing, instead of decreasing; aud yet,
according to tho Colonist's reasoning, the latter absurd conclusion
would be necessary.
The report of the city council
proceedings in another column will
show that the aldermen are acting
energetically and in the city's interests in those matters which they
have passed upon so far. Passing
over other matters, which will be
found in the report, we must commend the spirit and the action of
the counoil with respect to the new
city park aad the exhibition grounds
and buildings. It will be seen that
the $3,000 asked by the park committee has been appropriated by the
council. In this action, we are assured, the council will have the
cordial support of every citizen.
The park committee, consisting of
aldermen nnd citizens, with Aid.
Cunningham as chairman, have estimated, as will be seen elsewhere,
that necessary park and exhibition
improvements will require about
$9,500. We bolievi tho estimate is
moderate. The council have appropriated 83,000 of this. The provincial government may be expected
to grant at least $2,000 more. This
would leavo about $5,000 to be
raisod by public subscription. If
moro can bn raised, so much the better for the succoss of the exhibition.
No difficulty is anticipated in realizing nil that is required, but in
this matter, particularly, he who
gives promptly gives twice. Now is
the time to " boost" the Exposition
Fund. Collectors have also 'been
appointed by the park committee,
anil we trust they may meet with a
liberal response.
The proposed extradition treaty
between Great Britain and the
United States has beon rejected by
the American senate. That augU6t
body has earned un undying notoriety for giving tho last kick to any
and overy meritorious measure of
an international significance, particularly whom liritish uud Canadian
interests ure concerned. It was the
Republican senate of the United
States that rejected, early last year,
the treaty arrivod at by tho joint
British, Canadian, and American
fishery commission, and now the
same body aftor dallying two years
and a half with the subject, have
finally rejected the revised extra
dition treaty with Great Britain.
It will not be forgotten that it has
been impossible so far to secure a
proper extradition treaty between
the United States and Canada, and
that the fault, as in the present ease,
has over been with the former. This
fact has not prevented tho American press from casting reproaches in
the teeth of Canadians for harboring American defaulters, boodlers,
and scoundrels, The gallful inconsistency of such a course has apparently nover struck our newspaper
brethren south of tho line. A portion
of tho press, however, has exhibited
more intelligence nnd honesty, and
places the blame where it belongs.
America, a thoroughly independent
and outspoken magazine on all
American subjects, administers this
scathing and deserved rebuke to the
patriotic (1) senate: "If the United
States senate had conspired to expose the national character of its
country to contempt, it could not
have gone about it more effectually
than it has in rejecting this treaty.
Nothing could have more clearly
demonstrated the distance between
the United States senate and the
intelligent mind of the publio than
its action in this case. Outside the
ranks of the dynamite Irish, the
bomb-throwing Anarchist, and the
class of unextraditable criminals
who regard Canada as their possible
future home, the entire sentiment of
the country has been in favor of the
ratification of this extradition convention. Nevertheless, we have
been treated to the humiliating
spectacle of grave senators trampling
on eaoh other's toes in their mad
haste to insert amendments in the
treaty that would rob it of every
terror to domestic boodlers or foreign
murderers, and then in despair lest
it might be the means of surrendering any unhung rascal to justice, rejecting the bepatcbed result by a
vote of 38 to 15. What does it
mean 1 Did the treaty contain anything unworthy the acceptance of a
civilized nation ? Not at all, There
is nothing in tho treaty which offends against the principles which
should govern tho intercourse of enlightened powers. It has long been
an admitted principle among writers
on tho intercourse of nations 'that it
is for the interest of general justice
that criminals should not avoid punishment by finding a refuge on another soil, not to say that the country harboring them may add thereby
to the number of its worthless inhabitants,' For crime there should
be no sanctuary short of the grave.
This is what our first extradition
treaty with Great Britain in 1794
recognized, so far as murder and
forgery wero concerned. By the
treaty of Washington of 1842 the
list of crimes was extended to include, besides murder and forgery,
assault with intent to commit murder, piracy, arson, robbery, and the
utterance of forged paper, The
treaty just rejected sought to enlarge
tho list so as to apply to and comprehend: ' 1. Manslaughter. 2.
Burglary. 3. Embezzlement or
larceny of the value of $50 or £10,
and upward. 4. Malicious injuries
to property, whereby the life of any
person shall be endangered, if such
injuries constitute a crime according
to the laws of both the high contracting parties.' The provisions of
the treaty were made to apply to
persons convicted of the orimes
therein specified whose sentences
thereupon shall not have been executed, but the new treaty was to
have no retroacting force. * * *
In every way the treaty was guarded
from working an injustice to any
mere political offender, and was
simply n step forward along that
road of national comity that leads to
the golden rule of nation's doing unto othors as they would that others
should do unto them. Then why
was the treaty rejected" Solely and
absolutely at the behest of a class of
Irish demagogues, who, not content
with having reduced their own land
to a state of lawlessness and misery,
would fnin inoculate our whole political system with tho virtue of
their nativo disease—opposition to
authority. There are peaceable,
peace-loving, law-obeying citizens of
Irish blood in this country; there are
law-enforcing Irish officials and policemen on every hand; there is
something about the Irish nature,
outside of politics, that makos it
peculiarly attractive and enjoyable.
But the waters of our southern
bayous ure not more cursed by
alligators than tho Irish race is by
tho tribo of agitators. * * *
It is at thoir bidding that the extradition laws, which people Canada
with boodlers and the United States
with the fugitive criminals of the
world, must remain in status quo."
Special lo the Columbian.
VlOTOBIA, Feb 18.—Flags uro flying at half mast over the Hudson Bay
Company's buildings in this city on
account of the donth, at Winnipeg,
this morning, of C. J. Brydges, tho
company's land commissioner.
It is rumored libel suits have been
ontored against tho G'o'o)U8(, Times and
Stantlard on account of an exposure
recontly mado through the columns of
these journals.
ViOTOiUA, Feb. lfl.—Tho erection of
a twenty thousand dollar theatre is
shortly to be commenced nt Nanaimo,
At Nanaimo, on Friday, a Bolgian
who lately arrived in the country sampled far west "Oh bo joyful" rather
oxtensively and laid down for a rest.
Hu awoko minus his "wad," ovor $600.
It ia stated sixty thousand dollars
has been offered for tho "Golden Slipper" lode on Texada Island. It is reported a galena-bearing ledge, forty-
seven foot wide, has boon struok on
tho north sido of Texada and can be
traced aix miles.
Tho schoonor -'Sapphire" loft for
the sealing grounds to-day.
An oxtunsivo pow-wow is being held
on the Indian reservation at Nanaimo.
(Lath or England)
Corner ol Church and Columbia Streets,
■er-HatlBloctlon guaranteed.    dwfe7to
Auction Sale of Land
Lots 529 & 530, Group One,
District of New Westminster, being two
Islands lying In the mouth or the North
arm, Fraser Itiver, and containing 14 nnd
58 acres respectively, will be offered for
sale at Public Auction, nl the upset price
of KM per acre, nt the office of the undersigned, at 12 o'clock noon on
Friday Ibe -Hnd February Instant.
Gov't Agent.
Provlnolal Gov't Offlce,
Now West., Feb. 12,1859.   dwfeI2td
Yale District Tax Notice,
ll cord an co with tho Statutes, tlmt Provincial Revenue Tax and all Taxes levied
under the Assessment Act, are now due
for the year 1X69.  All of the above-named
Taxes, collectible within the Hope, Yale,
Lytton and Cache Creek Divisions of the
District of Yale, are payable at my offlce.
Assessed Taxes are collectible at  the
following rates, viz.:
If paid on or before June 30th, 1689—
Provincial Revenue, 81) per capita.
One-half of one per cent, on real pro*
Seven and one-hnlf cents per acre on
wild land.
One-third of one per cent, on personal
One-half one per cent, ou Income.
If paid after Jnne 30th, 1889-
Two-thlrds of one per cent, on real
Sro perty,
jtr -   *
Eight nnd one-half cents per acre on
wild land.
One-half of one per cent, on personal
Three-fourths of one per cent, on income,
Assessor and Collector.
Lytton, B. C„ January, 1880.     dwf 19td
"C," Columbian Offlee.       ddellto
lOThey are not only made of the
Choicest Tobacco but they are of
Home Manufacture, and should be
patronized by all good citizens,
WM. TIETJEN, Manufacturer,
Assessment Act and Provincial Revenue Tax.
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, In accordance wtth tho Statutes, that Provincial Revenue Tax and all Taxes levied
under the Assessment Act are now duo
for the year 1889. All nf the above named
Taxes collectible within the District of
New Westminster are payable at my
Assessed Taxes  are collectible at thtt
following rates, viz.:
If paid on or before June 30th, 1889—
Provlnolal Revenue, 93.00 per capita.
One-half of one per cent, on Renl Property.
Seven nnd one-half cents per acre on Wild
One-third of one per cent, on Personal
One-half of one per cent, on Income.
If paid after June 30th, 1889—
Two-thirds of one per cent, on Real Property.
Eight and one-half cents per acre on Wild
One-half of one per cent, on Personal Property.
Three-fourths of one per cent, on Income.
Assessor A Collector.
New Westminster, B. C,
January, 1889. dwJaWHJna
Central Grocery, Columbia Street,
HAS JUST RECEIVED Fcarmnn's (Hamilton, Ont.) Bacon, Hams.
Lard, etc—a choice lot which will be sold cheap.
Ogilvie & IHtiHiUan'g Hungarian Flour always on hand; also—
Spallumcheen Flour of three grades, with a fresh line of all kinds of -Groceries on hand, and new Goods every week, from the cheapest markets.
Please call and examine; no trouble to show Goods and quote price, and you
will find one of the best places to buy Family Groceries in the Royal City,
DryGooils Eroceries!
signment of
Crosse & Blackwell's Table Delicacies, Mince
Meat, Plum Puddings, Christmas Fruits,
Soups, Potted and Devilled Meats, Sardines,
Anchovy and Bloater Pastes, Calves' Poot
Jellies, Almonds, Figs, Marmalade. Cheese,
Pickles, Sauces, Malt, Crystal and White
Wine Vinegar, etc., etc.
Who is tk Live Boot and Sloe Ian
A Thousand Tongues will Answer:
SI  Ool-u.na.-bia Street.
less you take advantage of this GRAND OFFER I am
making in Goods FOR THE NEXT SIXTY DAYS from this
date, you will get left.
Come at once and get your BOOTS, SHOES, SLIPPERS
while my stock is bright, new and complete. Alsd, a large assortment of American Goods, from Philadelphia, Chicago and San
Francisco.   Do not wait till your neighbors have had their choice,
10 per cent* Discount on all Cash Purchases for the Next Sixty Days.
■jgsVOrders from the countiy promptly attended to.
Sole Agent for Sabin's Beeswax Oil Blacking; prevents shoe '
from cracking.   Also, Oil Shoe Dressing, equally a blessing.
New Westminstmi, Jan. 15, 1880. dwjoly Weekly Britisli Columbian,
Wednesday Morning, Feb. m, 18811.
Press Despatches.
Spobuke Falls, Feb. 14.—A
train having on board 600 negroes
bound for the Roslyn mines passed
through the city at noon to-day. Many
were armed with Winchester rifles. It
is said they propose to work or fight.
They came from Ilhonis. They aro a
hardy lot of fellows, and look aa though
they could do big oxecution in case'of
a fight.
Ellensbuho, Feb. 14.— Fivo hundred fully armed negro miners from
Illionis will pass through here to-night
for Roslyn, intending to go there under cover of darkness. The company
have been very quiet in their moves,
jf and very few knew of these men coming, as they had sent out a report
that the mines would be closed for
three months. A large armed force
will go from here with the negroes.
There will undoubtedly be troublo,
as their importation means that Roslyn, is to become a negro town, and
that tho three mines of tho company
are to be run exclusively by negro labor. Many of the old miners have
been with tho company ior years, and
by thrift and economy have acquired
considerable property in Roslyn, which
will now become practically valueless.
Roslyn is beautifully situated, and up
tn the present striko was a thriving
and happily growing place of about
1,000 inhabitants. The strugglo will
be a bitter one before it is turned bodily over to the negroes.
London, Feb. IB.—Sir Chas. Tupper, speaking at a banquet at Onslow
to-night said he was amused at the
reports that Sir John Macdonald was
about to retire from the premiership
of the Dominion and that Oanada was
ripo for union with the United States.
Ho expressed tbe hope that the day
was far distant when Sir John would
be retired and said that whilo desiring
always friendly communion with the
United States it was extremly unlikely
that iu Canada the question of annexation would over be seriously considered. The Dominion, ho declared would
always remain Britiah.
Dublin, Feb. 10.—O'Brien's appeal
from the sentence of imprisonment
was argued today and denied.
Manchester, Feb. 16. — Three
blocks of store-houses wero burned today.   Loss £250,000.
London, Feb. 16.—Mitchell and
Smith have signed to box ten rounds
with four-ounce gloves for a thousand
pounds a aide on April ht.
Paris, Feb. 16.—Pirotell, tho artist,
hu challenged Henri Rochefort to
fight a duel. Ho claims Rochefort insulted him in an article in his paper
commenting on Pirotell's caricatures
of Boulanger. Rochefort doclinea to
meet tho artist.
Dublin, Feb. 16—The Freeman's
Journal, after reviewing the coarse of
the investigation before the Parnell
commission says all that has gono beforo, and even the testimony of the
last two weeks and the introduction of
the Parnell letters, is tame compared
with what is to come. It predicts a
revolution of a sensational oharaoter
which will take the court and country
by surprise. A state of things will be
discussed surpassing the fictions of
imagination. The freeman's Journal
does not enter into particulars, holding its information in reserve so that
the causo of the defense may not be
prejudiced by its premature publication, but there will be a thrilling end
to the career of a spy, informer, detective and purchaser of false testimony
which is destined to become historic
for England and Ireland.
Montreal, Feb. 16.—A terrible
fire is raging on Mill street near the
Ogilvie Elevator. Peck Benny & Co.'s
Hulling Milla are destroyed and tho
fire ia atill spreading. The loss is
already over a million dollars.
Cheyenne, Wyo., Feb. 16.—Albert
and Georgo Avery, young men who
oame here recently, from YoungBtown,
Ohio, to invest in the cattle business,
were run down by a herd of stampeded
cattle on Thursday and trampled to
death. The remains were wholly unrecognizable.
San Jose, California, Feb. 16.—
Jaok Logarbo who stabbed his stepdaughter to death was convicted of
murder in the second degree, and was
sentenced to 33 years in the stato
prison this morning.
Pout Huron, Mioh., Feb. 16.—
Mrs. Heeler locked three children aged
2, 4 and 6 in her house yesterday and
left to make aomo purchaaea. Tho
house took fire, the children were rescued unconscious. Two died last
night and the other is not expected to
New York, Feb. 16.—Henry Edwards, charge d'affairs of the British
embassy at Washington, arrived to-day
on the steamship Britanic.
Mason City, la., Feb. 16.—News
haa juat reached here of a terrible
tragedy at Glenn, Minn. Three young
ladiea were visiting friends lost night
and started home at 9 o'olock. Juat aa
they reached the stroet they wore attacked by Jas. Sohmoling and killed.
The old gentleman whom they were
viiiting went to their assistance and
wu alao murdered. The murderer ia
at large.
New York, Feb. 16.—Tho genoral
alarm hu been aent out from the
police headquartors, warning the police to look out for Frank Ranbichek,
a well-known sketching artist, who it
ia believed drowned himself, with a
large plate, hia latest, and what is considered hia beat, work atroppod to hia
body, Monday he deposited 8835 to
hii wife's orodit, and left home, saying he wai going to Boston, Tueaday
hii wife reoeived a letter dated at thu
city, laying he waa diaappointcd at
lack of recognition of Ml work and
that he intended to drown himself in
the above manner. The world Bhould
never Bee why.
Paris, Feb. 18.—A correspondent at
St. Salvador, Congo, says a courier has
arrived from the west coast who says
that the report is current that Henry
M. Stanley was killed in an engagement with the natives.
London, Feb. 18.—The ovening papers here place no credence in the report of Stanley's death.
London, Feb. 18.—John Bright has
suffered another relapso.
London, Feb. 18.—The queen in
the speech from the throne on Thursday will make an especial reference to
the Samoan situation and request
parliament to grant a fund immediately
to increase the efficiency of the  navy.
Zanzibar, Fob. 18.—It is reported
that messengers who were sent by Tip-
poo Tib with letters for Stanley were
mal-treated by tho Arabs and forced
to return. The messengers have taken
another route.
Paris, Feb. 18.—The ohamber of
deputies met this afternoon and adjourned without tho announcement of
a new ministry having been made.
Melinea is at the Elyseo in conference
with President Carnot and the statesmen whose names have been mentioned in connection with thu new cabinet.
London, Feb. 18.—A decision has
been handed down by tho appeal court
upholding iho electric light patents of
Edison and Swan againBt Holland the
Anglo American Brush patents, thus
reversing the decision of the lower
Chicago, Feb, 18.—An Indianapolis
dispatch has been received hero purporting to give a complete list of the
members of the cabinet. There does
not seem to be any authority for Ihe
despatch and it is given for what it is
worth. It is bb follows:—"It is now
stated that Gen. Harrison will not announce his cabinet until the day of inauguration." There ia no doubt that
all positions have been decided upon
and the cabinet will now Btand. Secretary of atate, Blaine; treasury, Windom; war, Ruck; postmaster-general,
Wanamaker; navy, Thomas, nt Illinois; interior, J. W. Noble, of Missouri; agriculture, Warner Miller;
attorney-general, W. H. Miller, of
Indiana, Harrison's law partner.
Hartford, Conn., Feb. 18.—The
boiler in tho Park Central Hotel, of
this oity, blew up with ternfio force at
5 o'olock this morning totally wrecking
the entire front of the structure, which
was a live Btory brick building. The
entire fire department ivith police reserves was summoned. The ruins immediately took lire and the work of
the firemen was greatly impeded by
dense volumes of smoke and steam
which hung over the debris. The loss
of life is estimated at from SO to 75,
but may be very much less than even
the former figure. Four persons, all
probably fatally injured, havo been
taken from the ruins. Particulars
Later.—About one o'clock, amid
cheers from tho crowd, landlord Ket-
chum and wife were taken out alive
and conscious and able to drink some
coffee with great relish, and no small
wonder considering tbey have been
imprisoned in tho cellar. in night-
clothes for 8 hours wiih flooda of chilling water pouring in upon them. Walter Gay, a New York agent, waa taken
out alive. The dead body of J. C.
Hill, a commercial traveller, waa taken
out. Daniel Morrison, a brakeman.
and Fred Haynes, a flagman on the
New England R.R. are undoubtedly
buried in the ruins. The hotel woe
built 15 yeara ago and coat, with furniture, $120,000. The Boil wu soft,
and although the building waa carefully
built it aoon settled badly. About five
years ago Kolchum took a lease and
renovated and furnished the furnished
tho houae. Insurance, $38,000. No
fragment of the boiler haa yet been
found, which militates against the
theory of a boiler explosion. The
force of the explosion threw a bed with
a sleeping woman upon it far into the
street while one of the heavy doors of
the houso landed a block away. By 9
o'clock the flames were so far subdued
that rescuers were enabled to get at
some of the victims Some were pinned beneath heavy timbers, upon whioh
rested masses of masonry, rendering
the work of resoue extremely hazardous. The report that members of the
"Hoodinan Blind," Theatrical Co. were
in the ruined hotol ia incorrect. They
applied for roome last night but could
not get them. The dead body of
Dwight H. Buell, of this city, was
token out at 10 o'clock. Tho bodies
of Louis H. Briinson, of Hartford,
and hiB wifo and child were discovered
at the same time. Harry Stiflle, of
Philadelphia, was taken from the ruins
considerably bruised, but ho remarked
that he was "all right." The house
had accommodation for 100 guests.
Intending guests who applied for
room late on Saturday were informed
they were full, bo it scorns probable at
least 80 porsons were in the house at
the time of the explosion, of which
perhapa 20 were employees who ocoupy
the annex of tho house, which has not
yet fallen although in a shaky condition. Many are known to be buried
in tho ruins. Owing to the destruction
of the register the names of many
guests cannot be ascertained. The
catastrophe ia generally supposed to
have been caused by the explosion of
the boiler, although aome doubt ia expressed on this point, ai the building
hu been popularly lupposed to be unsafe. Tho work of aearching for bodiea
ia now going forward in a ayatomatic
manner. At 10 o'olock the military
call waa Bounded on the fire bell, calling ont the military companies to
arrest in preserving order and in the
work of rescue. Up to 4 o'olook 18
bodiea have been recovered, 10 dead
and 8 atill living.
Washinoton, Feb. 18.—It ia expected that the aonato will agree to
houao appropriations for the admission
of the two Dakotu, Montana and
Wuhington territories this week.
Washington, Feb. 18.—Prcaldont
Cleveland announcea that he will be
unable to devote any time to callers
during this week, desiring to use the
time to dispose of pending business requiring his personal attention before
the close of his term of office.
Chicago, Feb. 18.—Sin Sing Yon,
cashier of See Tom & Co., has skipped
to Canada with $1,500.
Topeka, Kans., Feb. 18.—James
Elliston, one of the largest ranchmen
in western Kansas, accused his ranch
auperintendant, C. L. Baldy, with undue attentions to Elliston's wife.
Subsequently Baldy shot and killed
Montreal, Feb, 18.—The Northern
Pacifio Railway has just completed arrangements with the Great Northwestern Telegraph Company of Canada,
by which the American corporation
takes all the telegraph company's lines
west of Winnipog and will work them
in connection with their own system
of wires which begins at Duluth. The
transfer by the G. N. W. Co., of which
Erastus Wiman is president, is part of
the general plan the Northern Pacifio
has of carrying its methods and enterprise into the Dominion.
London, Feb. 18.—It is now admitted by persons in the ministerial
confidence, that the queen's speech,
which will be read in parliament next
Thursday, will make especial reference
to the situation in Samoa, and recommend a conference between the accredited representatives of the interested governments for the purpose of
settling the disputed question. The
chief clause of the speech, however,
will be one requesting parliament to
grant funds without delay to increase
the efficacy of the navy. Admiral
Oclomb has been selected as the member to second the adoption of the address in reply to the speech from the
throne, and he will take the occasion
to impress upon the minds of his colleagues the vital necessity for complying with her majesty's request immediately. Ono of the first duties of
tho speaker upon the reassembling of
the house will be to inform that body
of the imprisonment of O'Brien and
other Irish members who have been
incarcerated during the recess. This
will be done aB usual, without any
comment on the part of the speaker,
but a section of tho liberals will,never-
theless, endeavor to raise a debate on
the subject, during which Mr. Balfour
will bc handled without gloves,
Dublin, Feb. 19.—Wm. O'Brien
was to-day again arraigned at Tralee
for trial. Ho refused to allow Counsel Timothy Healy to apologize for
calling Col. Turner a sneak, yesterday,
in court. Ho also declined to defend
himself further. O'Brien was sentenced to imprisonment for six months
without hard labor. This sentence
with his present term will make ten
montha imprisonment for O'Brien.
London, Feb. 19.—Bubear beat
Norvell a length in a four mile boat
race on the Tyne yesterday. He allowed Norvell 10 seconds start.
London, Feb. 19.—Col. Sanderson,
M.P., the noted Orange leader, in a
speech at Southdown, declared that
should it appear that a home rule parliament was to be established in Ireland, the men of Ulster would in a
fortnight have 50,000 well armed and
drilled troops in the field.
London, Feb. 19.—At the Parnell
commission session to-day MacDonald,
manager of the Times, was cross-examined by Sir Chas. Russel, the Parnellite counsel. In answer to a question, MacDonald aaid the alleged
Parnell letters had to bu taken as a
whole, and as a whole they were compromising. The witness declined to
answer one question and wu sharply
rebuked for his refusal by Presiding
Justico Hannen. MacDonald said he
avoided asking where the letters were
obtained from, as Secretary Houston
said he was bound to secrecy. Houston exhibited, confirming the genuineness of the writing of the letter
which Parnell had written to Pitt.
This letter, however, was not given to
experts because it was of a confidential nature. The witness said he forgot whether, when ho gave Egan's
fetters to experts, he also submitted
other specimens of his writing. He
is not positive whether or not he po-
aesaed any actual specimens of Egan'i
writing and could not remember what
material he had given the expert to
enable tho latter to ascertain the genuineness of the letters. The witness
said he wu, however, convinced that
tho Egan-Purnell lettets were genuine
before the "Times published the first
article on "Parnollism and Crime."
The witness stated that he paid Houston £550 for Parnell's letter dated
Juno 16th, and for the Egun-Cnrney
letter he paid Houston a total sum of
£2,530. It is vaguely rumored the
Times will produco a witness whose
testimony will eclipse Lecaron.
London, Feb, 19,—The Britiah man
of war Opal has roturned to New Zealand. During her recent cruises she
bombarded a village on Pentecost IB-
land, South Sea Islands, to punish an
offending tribe. At Port Sandwich
the Frenoh cruiser Falbert wub found
at anchor. Sixty men from both vesaela
landed at the village of Li On, the
island of Paama, and bombarded and
burned the village for the murder of
Ottawa, Feb. 19. — Oartwright'i
resolution, aaking the queen to empower the governor-general of Canada
to take steps for commercial reciprocity
with the U.S. haa been rejected by a
party vote of 94 to 66.
Ottawa, Feb, 19.—Sir John Macdonald deniea the atatement that the
government would invite a member of
the Britiah royal family to visit Canada,
Montreal, Feb,, 19.—The official!
of the Grand Trunk Railway at Bona-
venture station admit an accident occurred near Beloeil Bridge, 2 miles
weat of the city of St. Hyacinthe.
They say the accident was not aerioui
ao far u injury to peraon and Uvea ia
concerned. The principal damage
will be to railway atock, as the accident wu a collision between two
traina. The train from Portland.Mc.,
due here at 7:45, connected at Rich
mond with the express from Quebec,
which left thero at 2 o'clock yesterday
afternoon. The united train left
Richmond at 6:20 for this city and was
duo at St. Hyacinthe at 6:20 p.m. lt
was a few minutes late and running
fast and in a blinding snow storm collided with the out-going train from
Portland, which left here at 5:20. The
smash-up is evidently a big one, but
the officials give no further information and claim no one was seriously
San Francisco, Feb. 19.—All vessels from Puget Sound and British
Oolumbia ports are being thoroughly
searched by the customs officials on
their arrival here, information having
been received that many of them aro
bringing opium down.
San Francisco, Feb. 19.—Eight
cans of prepared opium were found in
the engineer's quarters on the steamer
Walla Walla on her arrival from Victoria this morning. Patrick Connolly,
assistant engineer, was arrested while
attempting to escape from the engine-
room with four cans.
Philadelphia, Feb. 19.— Blanken-
burg & Co.'s woolen ware-house,
Thompson & Sons' hosiery, Jas. D.
Oake's woolen goods, Schrimer &
Boyer, woolen goods and Lewis Hall,
dress goods, wore burned thia morning.    Loss estimated at $1,000,000.
San Francisco, Feb. 19.-*-The price
of Wellington coal hu been reduoed
from 812 to $9 per ton. Other mines
have met the reduction.
Washington, Feb. 19.—The senate
committee on foreign relations has decided that it is not politic to take further steps in tho Samoan matter pending the proposed Berlin conference.
Thia determination was reached as the
result of a telegram fron? the editor of
the New York World, asking if the
committee desired testimony of its
correspondent, J. C. Klein, now m
San Francisco.
London, 19.—Prince Bismarck is
very much annoyed at the talked of
marriage of tho Czarnwitz to the
Princess Alexander of Hesse. There
seems littlo doubt, however, it will
come off. The difficulty of finding a
wife for the heir to all the Russias wub
very great, owing to the change of religion such a marriage entails. The
marriage will take place probably during the summer and it will be celebrated in St. Petersburg when the
bride is formally admitted into the
Orthodox Greek church. The Prin
cess Alice is not ao beautiful as her
sister, the Grand Duchess Serge, but
is a very pleasant, graceful and bright
' The Crown Prince Rudolph was
never the same man after he had been
informed his wife could not again become a mother. He wu feverish and
anxious to have a son. Probably the
depression from which he suffered after the long illness of the Arch Duchess
Stephanie wai increased by the knowledge that his cumins, the presumptive heirs, sons of the Archduke
Charles, are wretched beings who inherit many of the qualities of their
maternal grandfather, King Bomba, of
Naples. The crown prince rapidly degenerated, loat all literary and scientific tastes, plunged into intrigues of
the most disreputable and contaminating kind and took to drinking hard,
A head splitting mixture of ctlampagne
and cognac was hia favorable tipple
during tho last yeara of his life. He
rode when he was out hunting aa if
mad or drunk and he finally became
thoroughly impressed with the idea
there was a curse upon hiB race and
the madness in his blood was doomed
to end like his cousin, the late king of
Bavaria, There had been frequent
violent quarrels between the crown
prince and the princess of late and for
years past they had lived in incessant
squabbling and rarely met unless on
state occasions except for a battle. The
emperor had become aware of the lamentable habits into which his son had
fallen. Only a few days before the
catastrophe he informed the crown
prince he was to be sent to Searajens,
aa governor of Bosnia, there to remain
in dreary exile until he had seriously
applied himself, in the language of the
ecclesiastical court, to the correction
and reformation of hia manners and
excesses. The crown prince died
deeply in debt, although bis income
was £150,000 a year and his residences
wero kept up for him. Nobody can
discover what ho did with the money.
Tho apparent expenses of his living
wero very moderate and thero are
rumors that very largo sums have been
paid in connection with his intrigues.
A lady who is well-known in Vienna
ia said to have received a million
florins (about £80,000) for her services
in facilitating certain matters,
bismaruk'h retirement.
An ingenious rumor was set afloat
lut week that Count Waldersee will
succeed Prince Bismarck at an early
date, lt ia not likely that Prince Bis-
mark's functions will ever pass entirely
to u single successor, but the rumor
had some color in the fact that Prince
Bismarck feels himself to be nearing the
end of hii work and that his young
Bnd imperious muter now and then
chafoa at the chancellor's authority. A significant little anecdote wu
related in Berlin not very along ago.
Tho prince called at ths palace and,
finding the empeior engaged, took advantage of hia old familiarity with the
houae to make hia way to the nuraery.
The imperial children aaked him to
join in their romps. The veteran
statesman naturally preferred to play
them a dance tune on the piano, In
the midst of this pretty idyll enters
William II,, and with aomething more
than a jeat he observed that tho prince,
"not content with having made three
generations of Hohen/.ollerns dance to
hia tune he must needs begin to train
the fourth generation betimes,"
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Choice Family Groceries!
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Real Estate,
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LONDON, ENG. .07 cannon st
Anderson Block, Granville Street,
Farming Lands/Town Lots
Business Property.
Lot facing on Columbia and Front Sts.,
in central portion of the city; several
buildings bring goodrent-82'2,000.00.
Lot 4, Block 7, near Lytton Square,
011x132 feet, fronting on Columbia and
Front Sts.—16,000.00.
Corner Lot on Columbia St., 33x66 feet—
Also—Lot and Building with stock of
Goods, one of the best business stands
in the city.
Improved Residential Property
Lot 15, Block 13; two houses rented at
paying figures—$4,600.00.
Lot 20, Block 23; corner lot on Agnes
St., with 2 good houses.
House and Lot on Lome St., near Col-
Lots 4, 6 & 6, Block 10; good house,
garden, 4c; ohoioe residence property
Corner Lot on Columbia St,; fenced and
Vacant Residential Property.
Lot 1, Blook 28; corner let on Agnes St.;
fine residenco sito-$1200.00.
Lot 35, Victoria Gardens; fronting on
Agnes Street and centrally located—
Lot 1, Alice Gardens; corner lot near
Columbia 8t.-f700.00.
Lots 4, 5 & 6, Louise Gardens; beautiful
situation—$600.00 eaoh.
Lot 30, Clinton Pla«e-$400.00.
Lots 29 & 30, St. Andrew's Square—
Lots 24 ft 25, St. Patrick's Square—
$225.00 each.
Lots on St. Andrew's St., near Queen's
Avenue—$500.00 each.
Lots on Mary, Pelham and St. John's
Sta.; excellent for residences—$450.00
to $600.00.
Lots on Montreal, Douglas and St.
John's Sts.; fine views and well eitu-
ated-$250.00 to $400.00.
Lot on Melbourne St., near Clinton—
Lot 9,8ub-Block 10; fine residence lots—
$176.00 to $225.00.
Lot 19, Sub-Block 13; in rapidly growing settlement; lota at $125.00 each.
Speculative Property.
Loti in Subdivisions of Lota 4 and 7,
Snb-Bloek 9-$75.«0 to $100.00; and
Lota in Subdivision! of Lots 7, 8 and II,
Sub-Block 12-|35.00 to $100.00.
These lota are all finely situated and
will doubtless won be thickly Bottled.
Lots in Wostminstcr Addition at $16.00
to $50.00.
One-half acre Lots near the City, at
$35,00 to $50.00,
dwaaUK Weekly British Columbian
Wednesday -Horning, Feb. 20, 18)10.
Late Despatches.
Ottawa, Feb. 12.—The first evening session bf the house took place
to-night. The house went into committee of supply.
Hen. Peter Mitchell, referring to
the increase in the military appropriation,deplored the existence of a standing army in Canada. Ho characterized the gradual expansion of the
permanent military force ub unnecessary, as Canada did not expect to be
transformed into an armed camp like
A return ot tho recoipts and expenditures, chargeable to tho consolidated
fund for the months ending 31st Jan-
nary laat, shows that tho receipts have
been $21,330,254, against $22,022,-
064 for tho corresponding period of
last year, and the expenditure $20,-
031,593, against $20,Q58,952 for the
seven months of the corresponding
year. An examination of the details
shows that the receipts have largely
Increased from customs and excise and
the revenue from public works. A
notable decrease in the expenditure
occurs under the heads of legislation,
arte, agriculture and statistics, fiiheriei
and post oflice department.
Mr. Landry's bill, prohibiting
usury, limits the rate of interest to 8
per cent, and enacts that all contracts
whatever, providing that a higher rate
shall be charged shall be void.
Collie dogs imported for breeding
purposes are to be placed on the free
Col. Prior presented a petition today praying for incorporation of the
Saanich & New Westminster Railway
In the houso to-night Postmaster-
General Haggard announced that the
maximum weight of postal matter to
be eent with 3-cent stamps would
be raised from one-half to one
The promoters of the Kootonay aud
Athabasca Railway ineludo Messers.
McLeod Stewart, ex-mayor of Ottawa,
James Isberter and A. C. McLean,
Ottawa, who seek a charter to construct a railway from Revelstoke, on
the Canadian Pacific Railway line, to
a point near the head of Kootenay
Lake, followiug the valleys of the Columbia and Illcompolux rivers, Trout
Lake and Lardcaux Creek ; thence to
the international boundary line at or
between tho Kootenay and Columbia
rivers, with power to construct a
branch line to Slncum Lake.
Mr. Mara intends to ask whether
the government will appoint county
court judges in tho province of British
Columbia.    If so, how many?
It is hinted that the estimates
brought down the other day do nut
contain all the appropriations for publio works in British Culumbia this
year. The supplementary estimates
to be submitted shortly will show that
the members from the Pacific coast
have not neglected the interests of
their constituents.
laboochere's cablb.
London, Feb. 13.—We have not got
to the bottom of the Meyerling
tragedy. I do not believe in the
authenticity of the letters which have
appeared in the papers as coming from
the Arch-Duke Rudolph and the Baroness Marie VerBa Btating their intention to live no longer. These letters
seem to be of a piece with all the
stories told by order of the empress.
Between the occurrence of the tragedy
and the funeral of Rudolph, before
thero was time to concert a good, circumstantial account that would hold
well together, official people blurted
out that the Crown Prince Rudolph
had been shot behind tho ear in a
diagonal direction, and that the coronal part uf the skull bad boen carried
off by a bullet as it went out of the
the head. Nothing at all was said of the
Barones Versa. We might fancy it was
she who discharged the pistol if she had
not been hit in the back. Both were
found dead on the same couch aud
there were flowers scattered upon the
corpse of Marie. Does this not point
to a woman's hand or to that of a
maniac from jealously, and to the su-
preineaud feminine irony in vengeance*
The diagonal shot upward also points
at somebody having been concealed in
a room under the bed or table or some
other piece of furniture, imd to creeping along stealthily until he or she got
up to tho sloeping pair, aud to the
placing of the pistol close to Rudolph's
head and firing up at it. Marie would
doubtless on hearing tbe shot have
sought to have escaped when Bhe was
knocked over by a pistol shot in the
back. The mutilations also on
both Bhowed a maniacal hatred
The liaroncas Versa, I am tuld,
calls for justice. It is withheld
to prevent a worse scandal than that
which has been stirring the world for
the last fortnight. Letters announcing suicide intent have, as it was pointed out by me, been overdone. Why
of all persona in the world Bhould the
Prince Rudolph have written on this
subject to the Duke of Braganza, with
whom ho was but slightly acquainted,
and who lives at Lisbon like a Bon
Bourgeois, li there was murder tho
murderer or murderess muat have
known the petite maison at Meyerling
with its dogs and domestics so as to get
in without being barked at or challenged, There were several watch dogs
there and unchained. Why ahould Rudolph, with hia great expectations,
have taken the suicidal plunge with
hia inamorita? At Vienna, where
manners and morals are lax, it
would have been thought a feather in
Marie's cap to have made a conquest of
him, and to have been conquered in
return. The hypothesis of double
murder ia everywhere accepted out of
Ottawa, Feb. 13.—Mr. Jamieson
in moving his prohibition resolution
made a long speech. He wanted the
house to prohibit the role of intoxi
eating liquors except for medical  and
other purposes.
Mr. Ward moved in amendment
that the following bo ndded to tho
motion: "Whon the publio senti-
ment is ripe for the receptiou and enforcement of such prohibition." Mr,
Taylor moved in amendment that the
resolution be adopted only after a
plebiscite had been taken and that the
liquor manufacturers should be compensated. Mr. Fisher supported main
motion and the debate was adjourned.
The dobate was resumed this even-
ins on Mr. Mulock'a resolution that
fertilisers be placed on the free list.
The conservatives opposed it. Two
hours of speech making followed and
the resolution on a division was defeated on a party vote by 30 majority. The house adjourned at 10:40
p. in.
In the house to-day Mr. Mara asked
whether it is the intention of the government to appoint county court
judges in British Columbia at an early
date. The minister of justice replied
and said that the government will ask
parliament to sanction the appointment
of three judges.
Colonel Denison moved for the appointment of a select oommitteo lo
enquire into the desirability of the
.government acquiring all the electric
telegraph lines in Canada. He spoke
at length pointing out the advantages
to be derived from the system he proposed, fhe American telegraph
monopolists took an unfair advantage
in distributing certain despatches in
Canada, especially in matters affecting
or dealing with the Dominion.
Sir Hector Langeviu threw cold
water on the scheme. He thought
that the time for taking such a step
had not arrived, and pointed out the
enormous expenditure of the undertaking.
Colonel Denison, who is a supporter
of the government, withdrew his
motion amid shouts of "Discipline,
Discipline," from the opposition
Ottawa, Feb. 14.—In the house today Sir John Macdonald said it was
not tho intention of the government
to bring in a bill amending the North
West Territories Act, so as to secure
to the territories governmental powers
as full as those of otlier proviuces,with
the exception of the power of borrowing money.
Sir Adolphe Caron introduced a bill
to amend the militia act. In effect
the principal clause provides for the
guarauteeof expenses from municipalities in cases where troops are
called out to aid the civil power, nor
can the services of the permanent corps
bo obtained without the sanction of
the minister of militia.
Dr. Landerkin resumed the debate
on his motion that whereas distillers
are allowed a rebate of duty upon
corn, the same privilege should be extended to the farmers.
Quite a scene occurred when Sir
Richard Cartwright and Mr. Charlton
introduced Mr, Coulter, M. P. for
Haldimand. The liberals greeted the
new coiner heartily, Messrs. Laurier
and Blake giving him a hand shake.
Mr, Landerkin paused in his speech to
declare that the election of Mr. Colter
was au emphatic protest againBt class
Major-General Laurie wanted corn
placed on the free list.
Hon. Peter Mitchell made an attack
upon the government, dealing at
length with the fishery quostion and
tho duties ou iron.
Mr. Adam Brown defended the
national policy. He argued that since
the increase of tho duties on iron a
wonderful development in the industry
had taken place. Nine companies,
representing $300,000 capital, era-
ploy 2,500 men working full lime.
Mr. Fisher moved an amendment
that corn ehould be placed on the free
list. Mr. Flynn moved an amendment to tbe amendment that corn
should be made free.
At midnight the whole staff of the
sergeant-at-arms was engaged in summoning members from the lobbies.
Mr. Prior and Mr. Oliotiuctto during
the waiting moments entertained the
houso with songs in which the other
members joined.
The vute on ihe amendment to the
amendment was defeated, the vote
standing yens 70, nays 112. The
amendment to the main motion on the
second division was defeated, tho yeaB
being 71 and the nays 111. The third
vote took place on the main resolution and was defeated liy nays 111,yeas
Surveyor McLutcnio also has returned here after malting a survey of
the Okanagnn section nf British Cu-
lumbin, and describe the section as
a fertile one.
The amendments to the British Columbia fishing regulations asked for by
Mr. C'hlshubii uud other British Columbia luuinbeis will be made,
Sir. Chishuhn, M. V. i» not no-
glecting the Interests of the province.
Since his arrival here ho has succeeded
in inducing the government to placo a
sum of money in the supplementary
estimates for the establishment nf a
Dominion immigration office at Vancouver. The supplementaries will
contain other appropriations for publio works in his district.
Job printing of all kinds neatly done
at the Columbian office. Prices will be
found as low as at anv other olfioe in
the province.—Adv,
HEADACHE, and Diseases or ths
Thiy arc HiiD.THoaouaH asd noun
ik action, add form a valuable aib
to Burdock blood bitters in ths
tscatiient and cust of chronic
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Ths CuTiua Coimmr, 77 Murray Street, N. Y.
Ht. iw js: HK? T JE
Wool   Ooods
POR      O^lSHKC
t> dwoclSto
Practical Watchmaker, Manufacturing
Jeweler & Optician.
A full line of Spectacles & Eye-Glasses in steel, rubber, silver and gold
frames.   The flnest Pebbles made, $4 per pair; all sights suited.
Special attent;on given to FINE WATCH REI'APIS. Having learned tho
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managed tbe watch-repairing departments of a few of the best firms on the continent of America, is a sufficient guarantee oi good workmanship, formerly manager for nearly 8 years of the well-known firm of Savage k Lyman, Montreal,
Charges Moderate,
Mostrbal, Deo., 1887.—Mr. F. Crake Andw. Robertson, Esq., Chairman of
Montreal Harbor Commissioners, says: "I never found a Watchmaker who did so
well for me as you did when in Montreal, and I am sorry you are not here to-day."
Douglas & Deighton,
Colonial Block,
Columbia Street,      New Westminster, B. C.
DSAIrlOl   X£T
Constantly on Hand an Extensive Stock of
Dry Goods, Groceries,  Boots A Shoes, Hats & Caps,
Crockery, Glassware, Ac.
-mcs-Bar's   sb   so-rs'   suits.
Oreat Variety of Household Artiolea.   Also,
W. H.-Farm Produce bought at market rates or Bold on commission.  sSLOrdcrs
Irom ths Interior promptly attended to. uwJeMo
Agents: T. N. HIBBEN & CO., Victoria.
__    dwno21m3
Family Groceries
Colambla Slreet,       New Westminster.
Dominion Lands.
1 Pre-emption or (or rent ol Mlnlnuor
Grazing Land, or buying Farm, Mining
or any land Irom the Dominion Government,
But. pay In J3033;I3P and save a
large discount,
Surin can be obtained In largo or small
quantities from
o *
sz oo.
Real  Estate,
Financial Agents
Purchase, Sell and Lease Property,
Collect Rents,
Make Loans on Mortgages,
And transact sll Businesa relating to
Real Estate.
London Assurance Corporation.
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Canton Insurance Offlce, Ld. (Marine)
Columbia St., New West'r.
41 Government St., Victoria
XI a partially Improved farm at a bargain should apply to tho undersigned,
who has deoided to dispose of his homestead. The quality of the laud ls first-
class. The location is all that ean bo desired. Railway station, steamboat landing, postoffiee, churches, and scliool aro
In the Immediate neighborhood. The
property will be Kold cheap.
Ja23wm2 Port Haney.
Foundry i Machine Works
works have much pleasure in notifying their friends and tlio publio that they
are now prepared to receive and promptly
execute any orders for work in their line
with which they may be favored.
A. lUcKELVIt:,
Mechauioal Manager,
Vancouver, B.C., 8th May, 1888.
Tho above Works sre re-opened and in
addition to the present marble stook
will shortly receive Beveral Monuments of the finest
Fruit Trees,
Ornamental Trees,
Small Fruits,
And GARDEN STOCK on hand in great
Everything flrst-olass and furnished ln
good shape.
ms. Send 15 cts. for valuable 80-pago Descriptive Catalogue with 6 beautiful ool-
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dwdeleto Port Hammond, B. C.
Real Estate Brokers and
Financial Agents.
Confederation Life  Association of
Royal and Lancaihtrc Fire Insurance Comjianlea,
V*4.Valliable Lots for sale in tbe City
and District of Westminster; and choice
Lots in the City of Vancouver.
Porsons wishing to buy or sell city or
rural property should communicate wltli
Offices: Bank of B.C. building, opposite
postofflce, Westminster.and Hastings St.
Vancouver, dwapieto
Importers and Dealers in
is'.'.'i ij.'i
Unlocks all lhc clogged avenues of th(
towels, Kidneys and Liver, carrying
ifTgradually wiihoul weakening the system,
ill lhe impurities and foul luimois of tht
fcer'-tions: at llie same time CorrectiM
fLcidity of the Stomach, curing Bill-
lusnesss, Dyspepsia, Hep.fiaches, Tiz-
liness, Heartburn. Constipation,
Dryness of the Skin. Dropsy, Dim-
less of Vision, Jaundice, Salt Rheum.
Erysipelas, Scrofula, Fluttering ol
Hie Mart, Nervousness and General
Debility; all tlirie am! mnny other similar Complaints vleld '0 the h'TOV influence
Sample Bottle? IIV •**(!"'.'* r size $1
For sale by all dealers.
V. HIMN IBM .t CO.. Pre»rlnl«r», Toronto
Mary Street, NewWestminster, B.C.
London snd Lancashire Fire snd
British Umpire Life Inanranee
Mew Westminster Bnlldlng Society.
Aocountant'a Omce, Dloceae of N.W.
City Auditors, 1880,1SBT and 1888.
snd otlier monetary transactions.
Have aeveral sood investments on their
books, and all new comers will do well to
oall before doing businesa elsewhere


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