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The British Columbian, Weekly Edition Apr 10, 1889

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 ' A DeCos-aos,'
ritish Columbian.
Every Afternoon ■•\i-«t't Siiiwlity,
KSHsT2*TBi3I>"S"       IBISOTII'IiHmEI.,
At theJr Steam   Printing RRlabUsh-
meut, Columbia Street-.
For 12 months 68 00
Por fl months -1 25
For 8 months 2 26
For 12 months $10 00
For H months -  & 25
Per month      M
Per week      ■«»
Payment ln nil cases (exeept for weekly
rate) to be mado In advance.
Issued every -W*piIi.«*mIi-.>- Manilng.
Delivered iu the City, per year JM.00
Mailed, per year 2,00
Malted, A montbs 1.25
Traimlent Advert Ih«uicii is.—First Insertion, 10ehi. per line solid nonparuM; enf.li
gubsequent conseuHti ve insertion,.'fetH. per
line. Advertisements uol inserted every
day—flrst Insertion. iuoIh. per line; subsequent insertions, 5 ets, per Hue.
HtiindlnR AdvcrHdenwitth.—Professional or Business Cards—$! per mouth. Special rates for general trade advertising,
according to space occupied and duration
of contract.
Auction Sales, when displayed, i-l'-uyed
25 per cent, less than trauslent advts, If
solid, oharged at regular transient, m-m-h.
Sin-.-tn! ftollccM ammit! reading iu»iu«r,
20 cts. per line each itit-ertion. Hpi.-oluls
Inserted by the month at reduced rules.
Births, Marriages and Deaths, Jl for each
Insertion; Funeral Notices lu connection
With deaths, 50 cts. each insertion.
Transient Advertisements,—First Insertion, lo ets. per line solid nonpareil; subsequent insertions, 7 cIh. per line.
Siaiidlng Adverttsemenls.-Piofesslon-
nl or Business Cards—$1.50 per month.
Special rates forgeneral trade advertising.
Special Notices, Births, Marriages and
Deaths, same rat,es as Daily.
Cuts must he all metal,and forlargecuts
an extra rate will be charged.
wrPersons sending in advertisements
should be careful to state whether tbey
are to appear iu,the Dally Edition, or the
Weekly, or both. A liberal reduction is
made when Inserted in both. No advertisement inserted for less than Sh
Who do not receive their paper regularly,
from tho Carriers or through the Po.-t
Office, will confer a fuvor by reporting the
same to the offlco of publication at once.
Weekly British CoMm.
Wedneaday Morning, April 10, 1880.
Teachers as a class occupy a somewhat singular and not altogether
enviable position. Tlieir vocation
is a most important one—second to
none, and superior to most on chat
score—and, recognizing this, a crucial test is provided by the paternal
government- of the country or province, as the case may be, in the wny
of more or less difficult examinations, which any would-be instructor
of youth must pass beforo being intrusted with the exercise of his high
function—shaping, ton large extent,
the oharaoter and destiny of nations
in the plastic and unfolding minds
of the young. The paternal govern-
ernment aforesaid (standing for any
civilized government) still further
protects its youth by hedging the
teacher round with certain restrictions for thoir limitation and rules
for their guidance. The design and
the general tendency of these paternal safe-guards and regulations are
good in their normal operations;
but humanum est errare; and governments are only human; there
fore, it comes to pass that governments, with the best of intentions,
sometimes err, and what was meant
for a wholesome restriction or a
beneficent regulation actually turns
out to be an irksome incubus or a
galling fetter. The members of
almost any other profession or calling, finding themselves in such a relation to any governmental onact-
ment or rule, follow the natural impulse and begin to "kick" vigorously,
and tlieir "kicking" is usually re
spected as coming from those who
know "where the shoe pinches," and
reasonable amendment in the olfontl-
ing regulation is generally the speedy
result. In tho case of public school
teachers, however, the case is somewhat different. They are beholden
to the government of the country,
in a way, for their salaries, The
government, as a, rule, is not inclined
to forego the whip hand which it
thus holds over tho semi-dependent
teachers, and when the latter are
inclined to complain and seek for
the modification or removal of what
they deem to be a galling rule, in
their own and their scholars' interests, governments and school boards
are wont to address the teachers in
this fashion: "You don't know what
is good for you; just stop your 'kicking' and leave these matters to our
superior judgment. If you persist
in 'kicking,' however, you'll have to
go; we can't have any recalcitrants
or mutineers in camp," Although
docility and harmony may be preserved in most cases by suoh means,
the danger is that those who should
be most competent to detect abuses
Children Cryfor
and excrescences in the educational
economy, nnd suggest needed improvements — the teachers themselves, who nro in actual and constant practice — may be deterred
from opening their mouths whon the
interests of true education demand
it, and degenerate into mere tools
and time-sorverB, without opinions
of their own or that ambition and
interest in their calling which is
prerequisite to the highest success.
From an eastern exchange we learn
that a certain Ontario school board
has actually passed a resolution
"forbidding teachers to disouss
scliool affairs in the public press."
It is added that the teachers resent
bitterly the fact that they are thus
gagged, "because they cannot speak
openly without professional ruin."
The paper referred to above comments as follows on the same subject :
It is not merely a local grievance, for
this muzzling process runs through the
whole educational system. Those who
are hest able to throw a light upon such
subjects, tho teachers, aro arhitrarily
silenced, because their criticisms of defects would bo inconvenient. Not only
do tho boards apply such pressure, but
the department and its officers also havo
their blaok lists ol those who dare to
point ont imperfections. In fact, the
action of tho boards is, in most oases,
merely transmitted from the department,
more or less dirootly. The truth is that
the educational portfolio is utilized like
the others to promote in the first place
the party interests. To carry out this
object school boards and teachers have
alike to be terrorised. How can boards
and teachers criticize costly, dofective,
or changing text books, or complain of
troublesome and injurious regulations,
when a reduced grant or a dismissal may
result from such frank speaking ? Even
the choice of examiners by the central
authorities is mado to servo the samo'
end of rewarding the submissive, and
showing tho critical what they lose by
being outspoken. Tho gag thus applied
is especially valnable to tho ministry,
because our educational system, ainco it
has been in political fetters, lias been so
full of evils of various kindB that it
is above all things necessary to prevent
those who arc well-informed from lotting
in the light of day.
So far as our observation goes,
our provincial government is not
free from the tondency we have been
describing. The late "daily marking" "unpleasantness" furnishes an
illustration in point. We are perfectly convinced that the wishes and
the judgment of the great majority
of the teachers of tho province have
been over-ridden in this matter, and
that if the teachers had been consulted, and their opinions freely
given and respected, the "daily
marking" clause of the school act
amendments would never have been
passed in its present shape, While
it is right and expedient that the
government should exercise a careful
surveillance and havo a final voice
in all matters pertaining to the regulation of the schools, supported in
whole or in part from the public
treasury, it is just as much in tho
interest of education that the teachers should consider themselves perfectly free to discuss questions bearing upon their daily work, in the
public press or otherwise, and even
to express opinions conflicting with
those of tho department. Their
advice as a body should, in fact, be
sought and taken, in most cases,
especially when the question is one
affecting tho internal economy of the
schools. This is only reasonable, and
while exceptional cases might arise,
the consensus of opinion of tho
whole teaching staff of a province,
on matters peculiarly within their
judgment, should surely constitute a
safer guide in tho formulation of
rules for practico than the dictum of
the department.
Special to The Columiiian.
Victouia, April 3.—The United
States light house tender, Fimita, arrived this morning and will go into the
dry dook at Esquimalt to-morrow, to
undergo repairs.
Mrs. Ellory, a well-known nurse of
thia city, was found dead in bed in the
houae nf E. A. McQuade, thia morning, where she was engaged nursing,
The cause of death is supposed to be
heart disease.
At the police court thia morning,
Marshall and Stevens were convicted
of stealing a bundle of blankets from
the 0. P. N. wharf, and sentenced to
six months each.
A burglar entered Mrs. Palmer's
houae on Fort stroet last night. He
wub dressed in a long coat and had his
faco covered with mud. Mre. Palmer
aBked him what he wanted, and he
Baid "something to eat." Aasiatnnco
was called from a neighboring houso,
when the man made off.
H. M. S. Icarus oame out of the
dry dock yeaterday.
The corner stone of the Jubilee hos
pital, will be laid on Easter Monday,
Pitcher's Castoria.
1-rcHS Despatches.
Kinoston, April 3.—Walter Vance
and F. Knight, counterfeiters, were
yosterday aont to jail for one hour.
They had spent a year in jail and had
given valuable information to the
Toronto, April 3.—Dr. Sogers, of
Montreal, physician of the Grand
Trunk, paesed through the city last
night on his way back from Woodstock
and Paria, whero he haB beon visiting
the patients injured in the St. George
disaster. Only five of the number are
still under treatment, all the othera
having grriio to their homes. Thomas
Doutney, who received the moat
dangerous injuries in the aceident, left
for home yeaterday.
Toronto, April 3. — Tha Toronto
Presbytery yesterday morning passed
a sweeping resolution condemning the
allowance of the Jesuits' Estates   bill.
Colborne, Ont. April 3.—Wm. Cox-
all's general store was destroyed, and
Oraiidall Bros, general store and the
Brunswick hotel were damaged by lire
lust night. Coxall's loss on the building and stock is $26,000. Insurance
814,000; other losses covered.
Guelph, April 3.—The jury in the
inquest on the Hnrvey triple murder
case, briitight in a verdict, this morning, of wilful murder against Harvey.
Toronto, Apnil 3.—The minister of
militia definitely refused permission to
tlio Toronto, Hamilton and Brantford
battalions to tin to camp this summer
for four days, on tho grouud that he
would hnvo to assent to similar requeats
from all quarters.
Toronto, April 3.—0. A. Wilkes, n
druggist fiom Beaverton, died from an
overdose of morphine yesterday.
Toronto, April 3.—At yesterdays
session of tlio Toronto Presbytery llev.
D. J. McDounel's overture proposals,
that the general assembly be asked
to revise the confession of faith so
that any man whom the Lord of the
church would receive would not bo exclude from the ministry, was voted
down af tot a long discussion.
Montreal, April 3.—Seven hundred
immigrants arrived by the Vancouver
yesterday aud were sent on to Winnipeg.
Montreal, April 3.—Sheffield, the
C. P. It. dining car superintendent,
who was shot recently by Porter
Chandler, iB convalescent, and haB resumed his duties.
Montreal, April 3.—It is announced here that Sir John is to viiit England immediately after parliament has
Quebec, April 3.—A horrible story
of want and misery comes from Lake
Temiscouatn. A French-Canadian
family there has been obliged to live
on bouillon made of hay, as the father
who, had gone in search of food, was
stormbound a distanco from home. In
the meantime two of the children died
of starvation and but for the timely
arrival of help the othors would have
met the same fate.
Hamilton, April 3.—Miss Louisa
McKolean, daughter of the late Dr.
John McKclen, is missing since yesterday. The surrounding country is being searched for her.
Toronto, April 3.— Another colonist party left for Manitoba and British
Columbia last night in chargo of Mr.
Scott.   There  were  600  passengers.
Richmond, Ind., April 3.—A freight
train, on the Chicago, St. Paul & Pitta-
burg Railway, broke in two, west of
Centrovillo, this morning, and killed
five persona who are supposed to be
Ohioaoo, April 3.—A fire started
in the basement of a fivo-story building on South Canal street, occupied
by Kiorpcn Brother's parlor furnituro
frictory, about ton o'clock this morning. In spite of tho efforta of tho fire
department tho flames aoon enveloped
tho whole building, and fanned by a
strong northwest wind, the firo spread
to a building occupied by Newman
Bros., organs and pianos, and other
buildings. Tho total damage is $200,-
000. During the progress of the firo
a dozen truckmen and pipemen on the
third flonr barely escaped before the
floor fell.
Prescott, Ariz., April 3.—It is reported that a tight has taken place between the sherill's prose and the men
who robbed the train near Holbrook
a short timo ago.   No particulars.
New York, April 3.—A Washington correspondent telegraphs that the
German minister hns received a cipher
message from Bismarck instructing
him to cable at the earliest possible
moment information regarding the
fleet ordered to Samoa, and also to
report to the German foreign officer
without loss of time the condition of
the new veaael in process of construction.
Paris, April 3.—A despatch from
Mons, says Boulanger arrived there
this morning at 6.30 o'clock from
Brussels. A carriage was in waiting,
and ho wns driven immediately to tho
Hotel Monarque, where he had a long
conference with Henry Rochefort.
La Presse asserts that General Boulanger fled from Paris at the urgent request of hia friends, who were informed that the government wai making
preparations for a special tribunal in
his caso, so constituted that the General could nover have escaped alive
from ita decision..
PaR^s, April 3.—Tho trial of tho
leadersof tho patriotio league continued to-day. The asaistant pro-
eureur condemned the iBSUo of the
league's manifesto concerning tbe
bombardment of the Achinoff expedition, and said it was a piece of stupidity. He accused the league of
connecting itself with the army of tho
now party. Deputy Laguent, one of
accused, defended the league boldly,
but Senator Naquet said: "Let the
procureur drivel on." At thiB the
latter demanded the senator bo committed for contempt. Senator Naquet
withdrew the expression.
Auckland, April 3.—The disastroua
hurricane of March 15th, swept tho
ialand of Tahiti, lying about fifteen
hundred milea east and Bouth east of
Samoa..^ Its effects wore terribly disastrous, <%.: capital city of the island
having been totally submerged, and
the loss of life is enormous. Thousands
of natives were swept away and drowned.
London, April 3.—It is reported on
somewhat indefinite anthority that
King John, of Abyssinia, is dead from
wounds received in his last battle with
the Italians.
London, April 3.—The war office
furnished copies of Stanley's letter to
the Standard, News and Times on
Monday afternoon. The London editor of the New York World by some
means secured a copy of the letter and
published an extra at nine o'clock last
night, thereby scooping the English
papers on their own news, they having
held it back until this morning.
London, April 3rd. — A curious
proof of British good will to America
was furnished by last night's performance at the Alhambra. The new
military ballet there brought out introduces troops of different nations aB
guests at Portsmouth. Their reception varied greatly but the most popular of all, according to ths moruing
papers, were tbe American soldiers.
France came next and then Italy,
while buth Germany and Russia were
roundly hissed. Music hall audiences
are no doubt peculiar, but not to be
despised. It was a music hall which
set Jingoism going in 1878. Note
also that the appearance of the Royal
Irish fusiliers was greeted with cries
of "Good old Parnell." More solid
evidence of our English cousin's feeling is supplied by the Queen's message
of sympathy iu reference to the catastrophe to the American vessels at
Samoa, and by messages from the British squadron. These last are here
thought more remarkable than the
Queen's. Very striking also is Admiral Hornby's letter. He is by common consent, the most' accomplished
of British Admirals, and it means much
whon he takes pains to point nut that
the good fortune of the British ship
"Calliope" implies no superiority of
seamanship over her less fortunate
London, April 3.—The Judioial
committee of tho Privy Council to-day
delivered judgement in the case of
tho British Columbia mineral appeal.
Lord Watson said that the committee
was of opinion that the rights to whioh
the Dominion is entitled under the
elevonth section nf tho Britiah North
America act could not derogate from
Ihe provincial right to royalties connected with mines and minerals in the
railway belt of the province under section 100. The appeal of British Columbia is, therefore, allowed, though
no order will be made regarding costs.
New York, April 4.— A band of
fire bugs have been unearthed by the
Brooklyn and Jersey City police. The
band is identified with a band of Chicago Anarchists. Tho members were
well located in Brooklyn. Last December several engaged small stores in
different localities, secured all the insurance possible then set them on fire.
Their plan to avoid suspicion waB to
break a kerosono lamp to convey impression it was n lamp explosion from
which tho fires originated. Tho fire
bugs used bugs filled with volatile nnd
benzine encircled by gunpowder to
which a slow fuse connected. The
minute it touched the gunpowder, the
whole pluce would bo ablaze and all
traces of how the fire originated was
obliterated, Tho owners of the stores
ond families would be conveniently
absent ou tho occasion of the fire, at
some other member's liouse. This
was for tho purpose of proving nn alibi.
Since the advent of the gang a dozen
fires ocourred. The chief of the gang
is Bernard Blume, recently captured
at his houso in Jersey Oity. His
apartments were thoroughly searched
and betwoen two mattresses wero
found 22 bladders used by the fire bugs.
Blume brought to Brooklyn Frederiok
Feight, Frederick Freund, and Frank
Bussing who are now in custody. The
last named three arreated are in Brooklyn, The police are hot on the scent
of the others and more arrests are
looked for. Chief of Polico Murphy, of
Jeraoy Oity, ia of the opinion the gang
is responsible for aeveral suspicious
fires in that city during the past three
Louisville, March 4.—E, O. Green
and M. L. Eby, brakemen on the
Decatur division of the Louisville and
Nashville Railway, were kiliod today
in a collision at Brown's oross road,
near Nashville. Albert Finoh, a fireman, waa severely injured. Misunderstanding of orders caused tho accident.
The 2 engines and 16 cars were demolished.
Brussklb, April 4.—Further and
moro recent news of Stanley hai been
been received here from Stanley Falls,
on the Congo River. Arabs arriving
from Stanley Falls report that Stanley
and Emin Pasha wero seen in February of this year marching in company
towards Zanzibar. Their forces consisted of several thousand men,
women and children and carried with
them 6000 tusks of ivory,
London, April 4. — The revised
Irish prison rules concede Ihe chief
points, with regard to the treatment of
political prisoners, for which William
O'Brien contended.
Dublin, April 4.—A syndicate of
Irish distillers has been formed with a
capital of £1,000,000, Jameson declin
ed to join the trust.
Paris, April 4. — Tho ministry
has asked the Chamber of Deputies to
sanction the prosecution of Boulanger,
and submitted a statement reviewing
the general's career sinoe the commune, and charging him with an attempt to destroy the  republic.
Londo? , April 4.—Thu Duchess of
Gullieras legacy to tho Empress Frederick is invested in land. The money
was last week brought oyer to London
by Prince Pless, who ia one of the
attaches of the German embassy ai
Paris. The whole of the business in
connection with this leuaoy has been
transacted by Count Munster, who
has arranged matters both expeditiously and advantageously. The
amount is about $1,000,000. Lord
Sydney and Lord Cross huvo been
consulted by tho empress respecting
her English investments for the money
whieh was bequeathed tn her by the
Emperor Frederick, which haa abo
come to this country, as has the large
sum which he left iu settlement and
of which the queen and lhe king of the
Belgians and Duke of Saso-Cobourg-
Gothu are lhe trustees.
London, April 4.—Rev. Charles Sidney Hurd, recently pastor of the Palmerston Unitarian church, of Boston,
Mass., suicided at Huston Square
hotel on Sunday, by taking opium. He
wrote a letter tu Rev, S. Brooks last
week asking for money. Brooks made
inquiries about the man and promised
to pay hia passage to Boston, although
he said Hurd was a stranger to him.
At an inquest held to-day it waa found
the clergyman had written a letter
dated Saiurday last, directed to Brooks,
in which he thanked him for his kindness, apologizing for annoying him and
said the only way out of hia difbcultie-
was through the gates of death. Ill
letter he said "I am the moat unlueky
mortal ou earth. My boay. I give to
the Medical school far dissection. My
brother's address is 4 Parker streoi,
Molden, Mass." "The Coroner's jury
returned a verdict of suicide through
insanity. Brooks, who was notified of
the unfortunate death, haa promised to.
defray the expenses of hia burial and
will not allow tho body to be dissected.
Paris, April 4.—Most of the news
papers here handle General Boulanger
severely for hia flight to Brussells.
Many declare that Boulangerism is not
dead. The Journal des Debats says
that it is impossible to predict wheiher
General Boulanger's position will be
stronger or weaker on account of his
flight, because he has been guilty of so
muoh folly that haa apparently strengthened him.
Paris, April 5.—The government
haB decided to proBecute Count Dillon
and Henri Rochefort on the samo
charges as those preferred against Gen.
Boulanger. Both geniK-men are now
with the general at Brussels. Thoy
say the government have entered upon
the wholesale proscription of the leaders of the national party. Tho lattor
can expect neither justice nor mercy.
They could but give the word and
easily raise friends for their defence
without and mako short work of the
Tirard government. But they will
not resort to illegal or unconstitutional
methods; they will prepare to patiently
await the decision of the people at the
polls. In the meantime tbey must
protect themselves from the tyranny
which threatens to destroy them, and
their only means of doing so peacefully
is to withdraw from tho county boyond
the power of an unscrupulous minority
which is acting in direct defianco of
tho will of tho people, ns unmistakably
declared by repeated elections.
Brussels, April 5.—Boulanger has
been joined by all tho indicted ineiii-
bers of the patriotic league.
Brussels, April 5.—Tho report of
Stanley's march is fully believed in
official circles here, but surprise is expressed that Emin Bey should have
abandoned the Lake Provinces. The
6000 tusks of ivory which tho explorers are reported to have with them
are valued at 3,000,000 francs.
San Franoisoo, April 5.—United
States district attorney Carey hns informed the owners of the sealing
schooners Walter L. Rioh and Pathfinder, which were seized February 1st
for not entering at the custom liouse,
that the treasury department at Washington has authorized a discontinuance of proceedings for the enforcement of penalties incurred.
Ohioaoo, April 6.—A fire this morning destroyed Swift's packing house, at
the Union Stock Yards. Loss about
a hundred thousand dollors.
Pales-hhb, Ohio, April 5.—A natural gas well of terrific volume and pressure, was struck near this place yesterday at a depth of aeven hundred feet.
The driller's tools were blown high into the air by the gas, which ignited
from the fire under the boiler. A derrick and aeveral small buildings near
by were totally consumed.   D. B.
Taylor, Simeon Early, Robert Tom-
mms and another man, name unknown,
were fatally burned.
New York, April 5.—Downie &
Finch, well-known shirt manufacturers at 43 and 45 Leonard street, made
an assignment to-day of their business
to T. F. Miller. Liabilities nre placed
at $450,000 and assets aro said to
greatly exceed liabilities.
San Francisco, April 5.—A sailor
namod Troud, of the British man-of-
war Swiftsure, attempted to swim
ashore this morning and was drowned.
There have been five desertions from
the vessel since her arrival in port.
Chicaoo, April 5.—Wheat easier,
April 91'; June 91; July 80|.
New York, April 5. — Wheat
firm; April, 87; June80|; July, 88-.
San Franoisoo, April   5 Wheat
quiet, buyer season 142', buyer '89
Liverpool, April 5. — Wheat firm
Cala. 7a. 2d.
Funrery at Okanogan.
Mr. M. Hagan, late editor of the
Inland Sentinel, has had his name
forged on three checks, whicli the forger was successful in cashing. The
hank cashed one for $10 and Schu-
brrts anoiher for $00. Tho third was
drawn for $39. Mr. Hagan feels confident he knows the forger who worked for him. On March 4th the checks
were cashed. The forger left immediately for the Northwest. Mr. Hagan usually kept his check book in a
-afe place, but left it, on the table on
one occasion, when no doubt some
blank checks were torn out. One
check was endorsed with the name
"Crane," and the other two with
"Harrison." Mr. Hagan describes
him as being very pleasant, well educated but resrless at times. It is sincerely hoped that the scoundrel will be
taught and puninhed.—Times.
Bock Creek Mines.
A private letter, dated Rock Creek,
March 24th, gives the following: The
D. uejus Company haB struck very rich
ore at the depth of 90 feet. There is
considerable excitment. Douglas
thinks he has a magnificent property
and intends running 100 feet on the
ledge, and sending a few tons of the
ore to New Y- rk as Soon as possible.
Snme uf the rock which was crushed
by a hand mortar, when panned,
r-hnwa large specks uf gold. It is ostium ed from $600 to $2,000 to the ton.
The ledge is 5 feet 9 inches wide. The
Uatibuo and Amelia Company have
purchased a ten-stamp mill. The prospects look bright for a good mining
camp. This is good news for those
who own atock in the Alice & Emma.
Company, incorporated in thiB city, as
the location of their property is between ihe Duu-jlirs and the Cariboo
Company.— Colonist.
AIlullwiii Boom.
Speaking of the Southeru Railway,
tho Watc-m Reveille says; "Anticipating the comple-ion of the railway and
oilier advantages, property has advanced in Whatcom to uo i-norinous extent. The city in embryo is full of
real estate agents, the number being
estimated at over 100. A boom equally as feverish and as cruzy as existed
iu Winnipeg in 1881-82 and lately in
Southern California now prevails inthe
Bay Capitul. Several Canadians are
reported to be clearing barrels of
money and profiling by iheir experience in Winnipeg, are quietly putting
the shekels aivay safely against the impending colli'pse, which, they aver, ia
certain to come aui-ner or later. City
lots three an four miles out in the
woods are selling for prices ranging
from $150 to 8400 according to position. The entire mud fiats have been
"jumped" and are now being piled up.
Whatcom is certain to injure Seattle
ns a shipping center."
Late Canadian News.
Lieut.-Governor Schultz left Manitoba for Harrison Springs, B. O, Wednesday.
John Oulcot, of Eglington, Ont,
one of the best known Canadian sportsmen and n splendid shot, ie dead.
Arrangements in the Quebec west
contested election case have been
again postponed for a month owing to
the illness of Judge Plamondou.
Prof. Ernest, a music teacher, of
Winnipeg, who recently eloped with
another man's wife, returned there
Tuesday and waB treated to a dose of
molasses and feathers by the local
"Whitecapa" at night.
The police campaign in Megantic,
Que., inaearch for the outlaw Morrison, is growing exciting. Failing to
find the murderer, it has been decided
to arrest all who harbored him or hav<
given him food, and accordingly six o
his friends were arrested and taken ti
Sherbrooke. This action set th«
whole country afire, andserious troublt
is feared.
 . m  .
Mr. Oh-mb-rl-in—"How is it my
dear, that the Americans spell words
like 'parlour' and 'splendour' without
the 'u"1 Mrs. Ch-mb-rl-in—"I don't
know, dear, I am sure, unless it ia
that they don't like 'u" (you.) Weekly British Columbian
Wednesday Morning, April 10^1880.
{From  Daily Columbian, April G.)
No police court to-day.
Tho cricketers were out for a praotice this afternoon.
The counterfeit bank notes eases
have been further remandod till next
The annual inspection of tho Now
Westminster militia has been postponed until May 31st.
Capt. Insloy's now steamer, whicli
is building nt Sapperton, will be
launched next week.
The Rov. Charles Warren, of Conception Bay. N. S., who contracted
small-pox while attending the funeral
of a sailor who died of that disoaso,
died on Monday. His two children
are also stricken with the samo disease.
A band of oattle which arrived from
the interior last night, consigned to
Goodacro, of Viotoria, wore tho finest
that have boen landed at Westminster
since Christmas. No ouo would think
from tlieir appearance that they had
been on the range all winter.
The transfer committee of tho general conference of tbe Methodist
church met in tho Metropolitan churoh,
Toronto, Thursday. Rev. J. J. Leaoh
was transferred from the Bay of Quinte
conference to Calgary, and Rev. W.
D. Wisner from Niagara to British
After Oolachuna.
The demand for oolachans is something marvellous. W. H. Vianen received several telegraph and half a
dozen letter orders yosterday, telling
him to send any quantity of these tish.
The local demand has ulso been unusually large and it has beeu found impossible to supply half tho demand.
The oolachnns are uncommonly large
and fine flavored this season.
£xtcmll-ig Business.
The Brunette Sawmills Company, it
is stated on the best of authority, will
shortly add to thoir establishment a
full plant for tho manufacture of sash
and doors. The plant, which will be
equal to anything of the kind in the
provinco, has already been ordered
through F. G. Strickland & Co., the
well-known dealers in milling and
other machinery, and, it is expected,
will bo here in about two months.
Supreme Conrt.
In the Supreme court yesterday the
case of Robinaon vs Steves was heard
before Mr. Justice McCreight, This
case arose out the sale of a farm which
wub under lease, and the plaintiff claim
ed $2,000 damages. It was proved
that plaintiff knew of the lease at the
time of sale and the council for defendant asked for non-suit. His Lordship reserved judgment. Mr. Jenns
for plaintiff and Messrs. Eckstein Ss
Gaynor for defendant.
A Fine Fiah Lost.
W. H. Vianen bewails the loss of
the largest sturgeon caught on the
Fraser river this year. He was towing tho monster, whieh weighed 640
pounds, to tho str. Princess Louise,
and in attempting to haul it on board
the weight of tho fish broko tho ropo
and it sank to the bottom Mr Vianen was sending tho Bturgeon to Plumpers Pass to be dried and smoked, and
had looked forward to supplying the
market with a very dainty morsel.
 . • » '—■
Chicken Stealing.
Textldn News.
Amongst others who have from time
to timo gone to Texada Island has
been Mr. Charles N. Nicolson, a mau
well acquainted with quartz and auriferous formations. After prospecting
some time Mr. Nicolson decidedto locate on the nortii sido of tho island
about two miles oast of tho marble
quarry, where he has a lode four feet
in width and Boveral lodes within his
linos uf location. Ho hns found gold
with the pin, in float and in Bitu.
Good specimens of silver has also been
found. Since his location of the Bonanza claim, otlier claims hnve been located by various parties, and at present u company is in an embryo state,
nud tho work of development will soon
be commenced. Two men representing a Vancouver company have also
lately made locations adjoining the
claim of Mr. Nicholson, and have already sunk a shaft soveral feot which
looks well in silver. A mining expert
from Kootenay, who for some past has
been looking over the island, has decided to make a location in the vicinity and Bays the indications there
point to rich deposit of silvor. That
there are both gold and silver as well
as rich deposits of iron ore to be found
on Texada has been proved beyond
doubt, but whether the former has
been found in paying quantities has
yet to bo proven. A large amount of
capital will be needed to develop the
claims, which from present indications
will be forthcoming.— .rVanaiiiio Free
Another Pioneer Gone.
Chinese chicken stealers are again
on the war-path, and it is strictly in
order to load the shot gun and turn
the watch dogs loose at night. On
Thursday night Edward Fitzgerald's
chicken house, on the Nortii Ann road,
near Fortesque street, was visited, and
24 plump hens carried off, leaving
onlyono of the flock bohind, probably as
a basis from which to mako up the
loss. From traces left bohind it is almost certain tho thieves were Chinamen, 	
A Tale wllli n Moral.
In connection with tho proposed expropriation of a lot, at present vacant,
lying between Front and Columbia
sts., for the purposo of extonding Mackenzie stroet to tho water front, it is
Interesting to note that, about fifteen
years ago, this paper, then under a
different name and management, urged
the council of that time to take action
looking to the same end. It goes without saying that private property could
have been muoh moro cheaply expropriated for street purposes then than
now. Moral : always heed the advice
of the patriotic and intelligent press.
 _—.   m ♦ ■	
■.7.1 Salutes.
Royal salutes are authorized to be
fired on the anniversary of tho Queen's
birthday and Dominion day at the
the following stations: Viotoria,
Winnipeg, London, Toronto, Kingston,
Ottawa, Montreal, Quebec, St. John,
N. B„ Charlottetown, P. E. I. At
Halifax the salute on the queen's birthday is fired by the imperial troops,
accordingly the salute on Dominion
day only will bo fired by the Dominion
active militia. Theofficor commanding a permanent battery of artillery at
any station will specify the hour at
whioh tho battery will fire the salute.
At other plaoes th. needful arrangement, for firing the salute will be made
by tho deputy adjutant-general of the
Another of our earliest pioneers, in
the person of Capt. Alexander McLean, of Pitt Meadows, has crossed
the "big divide" and passed into the
unknown world beyond. His death
occurred laat niglit at 9 o'clock, after
an illness of two weeks; and he passed
away peacefully and quietly, and with
every hope of tho blessed ressurection.
Oapt. McLean had a. stirring life up
till his 50th year, and if all he has seen
and taken part in were written up
it wuuld make a large volume which
would surpass some of the most wonderful works of fiction in variety ond
He was born ill Glasgow, Scotland,
in the year 1809, and when only a lad
took to the sea and made a voyage to
the Soutli Sea Islands. The ship on
which he sailed was boarded by a
party of cannibals, who murdered and
ate the entire crow with the exception
of Mr. McLean and another boy, who
were kept prisoners. The boy died
but McLean lived and was a slave to
the natives for seven years, when ho
managed to escape. During this time
he passed through some stirring incidents, and often got a better insight
to savage life than was altogether
pleasant. He finally settled down in
New Zealand long before that country
was under Britisli rule. Tho Maoris
wero not unfriendly nnd he spent 14
years among them, though not with
great profit.
During the latter part of his stay in
Now Zealand he built a small schooner,
and in 1848 he set sail for San Francisco with a large number of passengers, who were anxious to reach tho
California gold fields He had no compass on board and navigated entirely
by the stars, which was not a sure way
of striking within a thousand miles of
the point of destination, especial!,
he was sailing in unknown waters. The
voyage was long and most eventful,
Food and water were scarce and the
passengers wore almost continually in
a state of mutiny, and in fact would
have taken possession of tho vessel
and made the captain "walk the plank"
but for their inability to navigate. The
vessel touched at the Sandwich Islands
nnd Capt. McLean managed by a skilful ruae to leave a large numbor of his
most mutinous passengers behind. He
invited them to dine on shore, and
when the feast was at its height slipped
quietly away, reached the vessel and
making sail left tho mutineers to shift
for themselves.
When Snn Francisco was reached
(1849) tho present glories of that city
were untliought of. Tlioro was scarcely
n building erected at that time, but a
aea of white teuta covering hundreds
of acres gave ono the impression of a
huge military camp. And it waa mill
Inry in a way, for no martial law was
ever more strictly enforced than the
common code adopted by the miners.
Whilo in Sau Francisco Capt. McLean
married, and got for his wifo the second whito woman who reached the
Paciiic coast. Aftor a fow years' residence in tho golden state ho sailed up
tho coast and filially reached Bellingham Bay, whoro he settled on the site
of tho present city of Whatcom. To
Capt. McLean belongs tho honor of
opening and developing the lirst coal
mine on the Pacific coast. This mine
ho discovered close to the land on
which he settled at Whatcom.
After a four years' stay on Bellingham Bay he loaded all his effects on
hiB good schooner and sailed with his
family for the FroBer River, up which
he continued till Pitt River waB readied, and there ho eaat anchor for the last
time. This was in 1859. Capt. MoLean did not catch the gold fevor, but
remained on his farm and enjoyed life
quietly in his own way. He was one
of the first half dozen persons to take
up land on the Fraaer River. About
a year ago he came to Westminster for
a few weeks and was converted by tbe
Salvation Army, of whioh he remained
a staunch and enthusiastic member till
the day of hia death. His health was
always robust, and until two weeks
ago he was never under a doctor's care.
He was elected an honorary member of
the 49-ers Pioneer Society a few yeara
ago. He died at the residence of Mr.
George Munday, at Sapperton, from
where the funeral will take place tomorrow afternoon at 3 o'clock.
(From Daily Columbian, April 8.)
W. H. Vianon's boat brought in
500 lbs. of oolachans thia morning.
The dredger commenced work this
morning between Webster's and the
Royal Oity Mills wharf.
A plain drunk figured at the police
court this morning and suffered tho
usual fine for his indiscretion.
Next Sunday evening Rev. Mv.
White will address men only, in the
Methodist church, ou the subject of
moral purity.
The grading of the Southern Railway line advances rapidly. Ou Sntur-.
day night about four miles in all had
been completed and is ready for ties
and rails.
The channel buoys, under the supervision of Capt. Grant, have been placed in proper position, and for the first
time tnis year the truo courso of the
channel is indicated to mariners.
Mr, J. S. Clute laid on our tablo
this moruing a handful of strawberry
blossoms, picked from his garden.
Mr. Clule expects to bo eating strawberries and cream within a month.
The largest train that ever arrived
on the B. C. coast was to-day's Pa
ciflo express. It was comprised of
eleven passenger coaohes, two baggage
cars and a locomotive. Four hundred
passengors were on board, principally
immigrants, who will settle on the
A young man named Keefe, who
has latterly been out of his mind, was
brought down from Aldergrove yesterday and on examination, by a
board of physicians, declared to be insane. He was committed to the provincial gaol to await a vacancy in the
asylum for the insane.
Wreck of a Schooner.
T. Argyle arrived from Rooky Point
to-day and reports that a number of
Indians nre searching along tho coast
for the bodiea of,a crew lost in last
Monday's gale. The lost natives,
thirteen in number, left Port Angeles
in a schooner on a sealing cruise. The
vessel wns lost in the Straits with all
liundB. The name of the schooner is
not known. The vessel was owned by
brought to an end by the tongue bringing up against the planking of a small
bridgo and refusing to move furthor.
A broken whiffletree and several damaged chairs was tho total amount
of damage dono. Mr. Martin was
wearing two hats, one on top of tho
othor, nnd> tho horso boing unaccustomed to such a spectacle, became
alarmed and the runaway followed.
A Serious Acvltli-nt.
At half past 8 o'clock on Saturday
evoning just below the 0. P. R. depot,
a Norwegian, named Frederick Anderson, was run over by engine No. 96.
His right log was terribly smashed below the knee, tho bono boing ground
into a powder, but he sustained no
otlier injuries. Ho was quickly removed lo St. Mary's hospital, and Dr.
summoned. Amputation wbb found
to be necessary, and this operation
was successfully performed immediately above the knee joint. At the time
of the accident Anderson was intoxicated, and it waa not until yeaterday
morning when ho awakened that he
learned of tho accident that had befallen him. No blame can be attached to the engineor, as tho locomotive
was moving slowly, and the bell was
boing sounded at the time tho accident
occured. Anderson was a fisherman
aboard the Bchooner Venture and only
returned to Vancouver about a week
ago from Queen Charlotte islands,
where lie was fishing all winter. He
arrivod in thia oity from Vanoouver on
Friday, and had been drinking heavily
up till the time he met with the mishap. Anderson is sixty years of age,
aud the misfortune he has met with is
sure to be a serious shock to his system. His condition to-day though
not unfavorable was not bd satisfactory
aa might he wished   for.
 ♦ • , ,	
Harrison Hot Spring Notes,
The ice broke np in the South Saskatchewan on Monday, the earliest for
many years.
Y.M.C.A. Null's.
On Wednesday, April 3rd, the regular monthly meeting of the board of
directors was held, President D. S.
Curtis in the chair. The reports of
the general secretary-treasurer, and
those of the various committees, showed very encouraging results in the affairs of the association. Tho daily attendance at the rooms had increased
since the 13th of March, from 19 to
45. Three new members had been
added to the list, making a total of
150. The services on Sunday afternoon and Saturday evening wero well
attended. Many now faces were seen,
and many who had not visited the
rooms for weeks were present and expressed their intention of attending
 . ~+. .—.——-
Westminster lo lhe Front.
The results of the sessional examinations of the law sohool of Dalhousie
College, Halifax, are publiahed, and we
are glad to see the B. C. boys to the
front once more. F. T. Howay of
this city has made a first class mark
(above 76 per cent.) in all the subjects
of tho junior year, being the only
student of tho junior year who has
made first claas in every subject of
that year. In equity and evidence bo
stands second in the first class list; in
conflict of laws, constitutional laws,
and sales he stands respectively third,
fifth and sixth on the first class list.
Richard McBride hns mode first class
in equity (in which he hoods the list)
nnd soles, second class in evidence and
conflict of laws, nnd passed in the constitutional law. From this it will be
seen that the Westminstor boys hove
mado an excellent mark, and we congratulate them on their success.
—.. .  m ,	
The laat Biles.
Tho funeral of the late Capt. Alex.
McLean, of Pitt Meadows, was held
yesterday afternoon from the residence
of Mr. George Munday, Sapperton, to
tho Oddfellows Cemetery. The concourse of peoplo gathered to pay tho
last marks of respeot to tho departed
was one of tho largest ever soen in tho
city. Rev. Mr, Scouller, of St. Andrew's church, conducted tho services
nt the house, after whicli tho Salvation Army took charge of the ceremonies. Following the hearse came
the army with muffled drums. Several hymns were sung botween tho house
and the cemetery. The services at tho
grave were unique. Beaidea the usual
reading of selections from the New
Testament, with regard to the hope of
a glorioUB resurrection, quite a number of the soldiers gave good nnd satisfactory reasons of the hope of meeting
their late oomrade in the better world.
The assembled crowd watched the
interesting ceremonies to a close and
then quietly dispersed.
m —
Too Nan-/ Hals.
On Saturday afternoon, at Brownsville, Mr. Martin, of Halla Prairie, was
hitching hia team to a wagon loaded
with furniture, when one of the horses
took fright at a hat woru by Mr. Martin and started off. The tugs of the
harness on the frightened hone were
hitohedto the whiffletree, but the
ether waa looae, exoept the neckyoke
waB attached. Tha runaway had a
hard time making his efforta a success,
and a failure became more visible when
the tongue came out of the yoke and
commenced ploughing up the road.
The free horse acted aa an anohor to
ita mate, and finally the wild dash waa
His Hon. Liqut.-Governor Nelson
and suite havo engaged apartments nt
St. Alice Hotel and aro oxpeeted to
arrive at the springs in a few days.
Venerable Archdeacon Fortin, of
Winnipeg, held morning and evening
services at the springs yesterdoy. A
large congregation, cuuipoBod of hotel
guesis and residents of the valley, attended.
Seventy-five acres of land are being
cleared in tho vicinity of the hotel,
wliich is a deoided improvement in
every respect.
His Honor Lieut.-Governor Schultz
expresses much pleasure at the rapid
growth and improvements of the
springs. His honor will probably re-
for some time.
Following guests are registered at
St. Alice Hotel:—A. Leishman, E.
P. Julion, F. Raith, New Westminster; Mr. Campbell, Winnipeg; Geo.
Itiwood, Vancouver; Chas. K. Short,
St. John, N. Bj P. II. GosBip, Minneapolis; John Morris, Vancouver;
Jas. Allen, Nanaimo; Lieut.-Governor
Schultz and Mrs. Schultz, Manitoba;
Ven. Archdeacon Fortin, Winnipeg,
Hon. Waltor R. Bowen, Winnipeg,
J. D. Oarscnden, Winnipeg, D. Waitt,
Vancouver, Mrs Dr. Beokingsale, Vancouver, John Rankin, Vancouver, H.
Kipp, Chilliwack, J. R. Matteaon,
Winnipeg,Miss I. Hepburn, Kootenay,
John Hepburn, Kootenay.
Mining lu Alaska.
Whut Was Spoken at Same of tho City
Sauctuarlcs Yesterday.
Two hundred and forty stamps pound
away incessantly and the Treadwoll
mino still continues in her monthly
shipment of about $150,000. Tho
mine produces steadily from 500 tn 690
tons of oro daily, and is in shape to
produce that amount ateadily for the
next quarter century to come.
The Silver Queen Bhaf t, is now down
nbout nine feet, showing a sin inch
vein in tho bottom. Tho vein iB
steadily increasing in width as depth
is gained. A sample of the ore as::
ed $650 to tho ton. Recent assays
made on the concentrates from this
vein gave returns of $5,871 per ton.
In the Glacier location, the first
above the Silver Queen, are three
parallel veins, of respective distonccs
of fifty feet apart, nil showing rich
ore. Tho foot wall vein iB about
eighteen inohes in width, of shipping
and concentrating ore, and can be
traced by surfaco croppings throughout the entire length of the surfaco
ground. The centro vein corries an
average width of from 3jt to 4 feet, a
fifteen foot tunnel on the vein showing up a breast of threo foet of $125
Tho next location up tho mountain
is tho Ascension, a twelve foot shaft
showing up n four foot voin of concentrating ore. A cross-cut tunnel,
upon wliich work will be resumed
Bhortly, haa boon startod, which whon
oomploteel, will tap the vein about 150
feot deep.
Lying parallel with the Ascension is
tho Emma, a Bhort location, showing
two well defined veins of ovorogo width
from 3J to 4 foot.
Lying next to the Emma is the Gol-
conda, tho discovery claim of the basin. The firBt ore brokon from the
croppings of the centre vein gave assay
returns of $1,070 por ton, A ton foot
tunnel on the centre vein near tho
lower end line shows up a fine body of
high-grade ore from which much
shipping ore could be selected.
H. Kirkland, of Ladners, waB in
town to-day.
St. Olair Blackett, of Langley, was
in the oity yesterday.
E. A. Sharpe, came up from Lulu
Island this morning and returned this
0. A. Semlin, M. P. P., of Oaoho
Oreek, arrived from Viotoria yesterday
and left for home to-day.
Dr. Montgomerie and daughter, of
Egglenton farm, Soott road, are In
town to-day acoompanied by a lady
friend from Viotoria, who haa been
viiiting at Egglenton for several weeks,
At the Reformed Episoopal  churoh
yesterday morning tho Rev. Mr. Haddon preached from St. John, 18 chap.
4 and  5   verses—'-Jesus,   therefore,
knowing all things that  should  come
unto Him, went forth, and said unto
them, Whom seek ye? they answered
Him, Josus of Nazareth.   Josus Buith
unto thom, I am Ho."   The reverend
gentleman spoke as  follows:   A  certain poet once said  that  Christ  was
the highest type of man; if so,   it  is
good to study and follow His  oharactor, so that wo may fashion our  lives
nfter tho Great Modol.   Josus  Christ
acquitted Himself as a  perfect  man,
and tn follow Him closely is to  attain
the highest possible excellence. Christ
know how to boar properity, but there
aro thousands living to-day  who  cannot, and whilo they will willingly and
sueccssfuly face a foe, they aro  easily
led awny by friends, and a  so  called
friend often ruins a  man,   while   un
open enemy would havo no powor ovor
him.   Tho question naturally  arises,
how did the Saviour endure  the test)
In the palmy days of His ministry,
whilo thousands congregated  to  hear
Him, He nover severed from the truth.
His sermon ou the mount pointed out
the mode of true living, correcting the
prevailing errors.   To  Nicodemus He
feared not to tell "that  he  must  be
born again," and this faithful teaching
characterized His whole ministry, and
when His disciples would  keep  Him
from the  cross,   and  tho  multitude
would make Him a  king, Ho  heeded
them not, but faithfully  carried  out
tho course laid dowu by  His Father.
He knew also how to bear  adversity.
The last supper was not finished when
Jiidus went out into  the  dark   night
and uwuy to settle the prico with  the
ohief priests and the  motley   crowd,
and thus whilo the Son  of Mnn  was
passing through the agony as  Ho wub
about to taBte of the cup of  bitterness
such ns no man  evor  tasted yet,   Ho
prevailed with prayor  to  His  father
and consigned Himself to do His  bidding "Not My will butThinobe done."
Now the bond is at tho  garden  gate
eagerly  seeking  thoir   prey;  Judas
knowing the spot where to find  Him,
leads them on, nud Jesus, knowing all
things, went forth  and  said, "I  am
He."   Thia action I take is an indication of truo manliness, for Jeaus  was
human, as well ns  divine,   nnd  took
upon Himself our nature to   Bhow   us
how to livo us Well as to join the   two
natures to die for lhe human race, and
in His going forth He did not rely on
physical force in  facing the enemy, to
disperse them; it was  nut His mission
to uso physical force, and when  Peter
smote the high priest's  servant  with
the sword  Jesus  rebuked  him.   To
have truo manliness of choracter, there
muBt bo abhorrence of  sin  in  every
form,  and    purity  iu  thought  and
action.   It   does  not  take  physical
powor to  constitute  manliness.   Tho
weakest  of  men  have governed nations, but they have  been  strong in
faith and purpose. Men may have the
strength of a Hanlan or a Courtney
and yet be cowards.   The manliness of
the Saviour was not hardihood. In enduring the shame unshrinkingly   He
showed His love. Wo aro oil called upon to cultivate manliness of character,
to do what the inner monitor, tho conscience tells us to do, and not do what
is cowardly, doing what is right under
the approval of our hearts and God,
ond though we may not be called to
conspicuous posts of danger, we have
to exerciso our own evory dny courage,
and in the brave fidolity in life uur
courage develops in preparation for the
greater trials of life.   It is the courage
that each day demands that braces and
strengthens and qualities us to endure.
Again, Christ showed his manliness in
the single hnnded endurance of the
humiliation,   pain,   shame,. and   thu
deeper sorrow of His Father's desertion m the critical hour.   In the  ex-
citeinontof the battlo field the soldier
will face tho greatest danger, but when
one stands alone at the post of danger
or goes unsupported to the place of
death He needs courage of the true
type.   Tho pilot at the wheel, while
the ship is on fire, remaining until the
last, and going down with the illfated
vessel ; or the French physicians, who
went boldly into the dissecting rooms
to dissect the bodies of thoee who had
died  in  the  plaguo,  knowing   they
would take the disoaso and fall quickly,
yet sacrificing their lives for the benefit of humanity, leaching us the nobility of self-sacrifice, and whnt is con-
spicious in these mon Bhines out in the
lifo and cliaraotor of Jesus Christ and
consummates in the final sceno on the
criiBB,   when   having   completed the
atonement Ho exclaims: "It is finished."   ThiB blessed sacrifice for us, this
death, thia blood shedding,   wo  commemorate to-day, and approach with
grateful hearts, and eating the bread
and drinking tho wine, we exclaim
"Blessed Lord."   May we appreciate
the great work of Christ and manifest
that appreciation by following Him as
our Model, and when we Bhall leave
thiB earth we shall get a crown of life
in the heavens.   Tno sacrament of the
Lord's supper was administered at tho
olose of tbe sermon in the simple form
in use in this church and an especial
invitation extended to strangers from
other ohurohes,
lak was afraid of them, and therefore
sends for Balaam to come and curse
them. When the first mosBeugeis camt
to Balaam they were instructed to remain over night until he should inquire of the Lord. God forbade
Balaam to curse the children of Israel.
Balak again sent messengers, and Balaam again asked permission of the
Lord to go with them and curse Israel.
This time he was permitted to go. God
had shown him His will, and now he
let him have his own way. Men are
free agonts, and God will not compel
them to do what is right. God shows
men the right, nud they are left to
ohoose. Many are choosing tlio wages
of unrighteousness. This was the sin
of Balaam. He coveted Balak's gold.
God showed His displeasure with Balaam by opening the mouth of a dumb
animal to reprove him. Notwithstanding Balaam's unrigleousness, some ol
his utterances were profound nnd beautiful, and thia ie one of them: "Lei
me die the death of the righteous and
let my laBt ond bo like his." To be
righteous before God is lo live in con
forimty with His revealed will. Mat
has lost his original righteousness
when God made hiin a little less thai
divinity, but Ohrist camo and restorei
that which He took not away. It ij,
by faith in Christ Ihot weobtain right,
eousness before God. We think thi
righteousness spoken of in our text ii
not the righteousness which we reeeiv
by faith In Jesus Christ, but tha
righteousness of character which is lb
wrought by the Holy Spirit and ex
hibited in the lives of those who ar.
the subjects of this gracious work
Many toll us they are trusting t|
Christ for salvatiun, but do not seen
to bring forth any fruits of it in thei
lives. We have surely a right to lector the fruits of that faith. Faith i
not a dead principlo, but a livin
power, nnd it manifests itself in th-
life of the person that exercises thi
faith. Ab the body without ihe spiri
is dead, so faith without works is deu
also. "Who shall oscend int
tho hill'of Ihe Lord! or who Bhall stan
in His holy place? Ho that hath clea1
hands and a pure heart; who haih ni|
lifted up his soul unto vanity, ui
sworn deceitfully." The state-mot,
that all must dio needs no proof. Deaf
iB tho universal law. There are noii
that con avoid it, and there iB nntluii
that con evade it. Wo oro reminde
of this truth every day in the retnovi
of one and another from our sidi
aome with the dew.of youth on lhe;
brows, others in tho full strength ■
manhood, as well as the old mat
whose silvory locks indicates thnt I.
has reaohed the full threo scoro ai
ten. Notwithstanding the ocrtaint
of death, there is no subject I hat seen
to occupy our minds less thall this so
emn subject. Oh, how few aro breatl
ing the prayer of the Psalmist: "Lor
teach me tn number my days that 1 uu,
apply my heart unto wisdom." Man
Beem to livo as if they thought tht
would never die. At least they see;
to act as if thore waa no use to mat
any attempt to prepare for death', as
it were a leap in the dark, and we mu
just take our chance us to whore w
are going. Paul did not think in th
way. When he came to tho end ot b
journey he could any: "Iom read;
and I know that thore is laid up fi
mo a crown of righteousness, wllh
the Lord, the righteous judge, shu
givo me at that day." And tho Lin
Himself says to be ready. Brethe;
let us seek to livo as wo shall wish \
had done when we como to die. Thi
we Bhall die the death of tho righ
eous, and our last end ahall bo lil
To the People of New Westminster a
Surromuling Country:
We have just arrived in yo
beautiful province, from Ontario
that land of snow—and have broug
with us a beautifully selected sto
of Pure und Fresh Drugs and all t
other requisite articles to make
first-class drug store. Wo are loo
ed in tbe Holbrook Block on Colu
bia st., 2 doors from the Telegra
Office. You can't miss it; our frc
is painted Red. We want you
call the next time you are in t
city, as we wish to make ye
Yours truly,
Macpheuson & Thomson-,
Ohomists and Druggie
Rev. Thos. Soouler preached last
evening in tho Presbyterian church
from Numbers 23o. 10v.—"Lot me
die the death of the rightoouB, and let
my last end be liko hiB '—and spoko aB
follows: These wero the words of
Balaam, who wu a remarkable soothsayer. He had beon invited by Balak,
king of Moab, to como and curse the
children of Israel. Tho king of Moab
had become alarmed at the  noar ap-
Sroach of the ohildron of Israel. He
ad heard of tho destruction whioh
they had wrought on neighboring nations. The Israelites were now on the
borders of Oanaan, after their forty
yeara' journey in tho wildorneia. Ba-
Shorthorn and vory High Oriulo I
Calves Ior Sale, at prices from sa")
Gonzales stock Farm,
m!i27wto Viotoria, B. I
llwhack, containing. Dl ncres, 51
wbloh aro ln good state ol cu Iti vat
4 acres in orchard. Eighty tons ol -
and grain were grown on tho 50 al
last season. Comfortable houso and fn
barn and outbuildings. Fine moiin'
stream runs across farm. Price 93
Tbls is a splendid ohanco. For fur
particulars apply, personally, or by le
fobS-w-lo Chllllwhad
Ah Weekly British Columbian
{      Wednesday Morning, April 10, 1881).
Following is the substance of the
very interesting letter rooeivetl at
London, a few days ago from H. M.
Stanley,' the renowned explorer,
from tho heart of the Dark Continent :
London, April 2.—Henry M.
Stanley's letter describes the journey
between Yambunga and Albert
Nyanza, It goes much into details,
and is very interesting. The expedition, which consisted of 369
officers and men started from Yambunga June 28, 1887. On the first
day the expedition marched twelve
miles along the river bank to Yak-
narde, During the next six days
the expedition marched inland in an
easterly direction through a densely
populated district. The. natives
used every art known to molest and
impede the advance of the party,
but, although several conflicts took
place, the party did not loose a man,
From July 4 until October 18 they
followed the left bank of the
Aruwhioii. On August 1 tho first
death ocourred, the cause being
dysentery. So far, for 36 days, the
course had been singularly successful.
The party now entered a wild
country, in their nine days' march
through which their sufferings multiplied and several deaths occurred,
On August 13, on arriving at
Airsibbia, tho natives presented a
bold front and the party lost fivo
men from poisoned arrows. August
31 tho expedition met a party of
MangemaB, and their misfortunes
began on this date. Within three
days of this unfortunate meeting 26
men deserted.
What Stanley describes as an
awful montli began on September
18, Leaving the station of the
Arab chief, Uyarrava, where tho
expedition numbered 263 men, having lost 66 by desertion and death,
I and having left 96 sick with Uyar-
' rava, the route led to the Arab settlement of Kilinga-Longa. The men
lived on wild fruits, fungi and nuts,
Before reaching Kilinga-Longa Stanley lost 55 men through starvation
and desertion. A slave owner at
Kilinga-Longa tried his utmost to
ruin the expedition, short of open
hostilities. He insisted on his purchasing rifles, ammunition nnd
clothing, so that tho expedition left
tho station beggared.- The men
were absolutely naked and were so
weak that they were unablo to carry
the bout. Stanley was therefore
obliged to leave the boat, together
with 70 loads of goods, at Kilinga-
Longa, under care of Surgeon Parke
and Oapt, Nelson, the latter of
whom was unable to march. After
12days journey the party on November 2 reached Ibwiri.
The Arab devastation, which had
reached within a few miles of Ibwiri,
was so thorough that not u native
hut was left standing between Uyarrava and Ibwiri. What the Arabs
did not destroy the elephants destroyed, turning the whole region
into a horrible wilderness. Stanley
continues: "Our sufferings terminated at Ibwiri. We were
beyond reach of destroyers. We
were on virgin soil, a region abounding with food. We ourselves were
mere skeletons, and a halt was therefore ordered for the purpose of
recuperating. From 299 persons
we now numbered 173.
"The suffering had been so awful,
the calamities so numerous, and the
forests so endless that our people
refused to believe that we would
see the plains and cattle, the Nyanza
and Emin Pasha. They had turned
n deaf ear to our prayers and entreaties, and driven by hungor and
suffering, they sold their rifles and
equipments for a fow ears of Indian
corn, Perceiving that mild punishment would be of no avail, I
-resorted to the death penaly, and
two of the worst cases were hanged
in the presence of all. We waited
:or 13 days at Ibwiri. Supplies
Were inexhaustable, and our people
glutted themselves with such effect
(hat we had 173 sleek and robust
jtnen. When we started for Albert
,|Nyanza, November 24, we were still
126 miles from the lake. Given
food, the distance seemed nothing.
t'On Deoember 5, we emerged upon
the plains, leaving the deadly and
gloomy forest behind us. After
100 days of continuous gloom, we
Saw the light of broad day shining
■ill around, making all things beautiful. The men literally leaped nnd
felled with joy and raced over tho
round with their burdens.
"On the 9th we entered the
•jountry of the powerful chief
jlazambini. The natives sighted
ds, but we wore prepared. The war
pries were terriblo, from hill to hill,
scaling across the intervening vnl-
"oys. The people gathered in hundreds at every point, war-horns and
drums announced the struggle.
After a slight skirmisb, ending in
our capturing a cow, the first beef
wo had tasted sinco wo loft tho
ocean, the night passed peacefully,
both sides preparing for the morrow.
Here Stanley narrates how negotiations with the natives failed; how a
detachment of 40 persons led by Lieutenant Stairs, and another of 30 left
the zareba, and assaulted and corried
the villages, driving the natives into a
general rout. The march was resumed
on the twelth. Thore wore constant
fights all along the routo. "On tho
afternoon of the 13th," says Stanley,
we sighted tho Nyanza, with Kavalli,
tho objoctivo point of the expedition,
six milos oil'. I had told tho men to
prepare to see Nyanz. They murmured and doubted. Whon they saw
Nyanza below them many came to kiss
my hands. Wo wore now 5200 feet
above the sea level, 2900 feet above
the Albert Nyanza. After a short
halt to onjoy the prospect, wo commenced tho rugged and stony descent.
Before tho rear guar had descended a
hundred feet the natives from the plateau poured aftor thom, keeping the
rear guard busy until within a few
hundred feet of the Nyanza plains.
We afterwards approached the village of Kakango, situated at the southwest corner of Albert lake. Three
hours were spout by us in attempting
to make friends, but they signally
failed. They would not exchange the
blood of brotherhood, because they
had never heard of good peoplo earning from the west side of the lake.
Thoy would not accept any present
from us, because thoy did not know
who wo wore, but they would give us
water to drink and show us the way
up to Nyamsassic. From theae singular people we learned that they had
heard thero was a white man at Unyo
ro, but they had never heard of any
white man being on the west side, nor
had they seen any steamers on the
lake.   We were shown the path.
Wo camped about half a mile from
tho lake and then began to consider
our position. My couriers from Zanzibar had evidently not arrived, or
Emin Pasha with his two steamers
would have paid the southern end of
the lake a visit, to prepare the natives
for our coming. My boat was at Kilinga-Longa, 190 miles distant, and
there were no canoes obtainable; thero
was no plan feasible except to retreat
to Ibwiri, build a fort, send a party
back to Kilinga-Longa for a boat, store
up every load in the fort not conveyance, leavo a garrison to hold it, march
back to Albert lake and send tbe boat
in search of Emin Pasha. This was
tho plan which, after a lengthly discussion with the officers, I resolved
upon. On Jonuary 7th wo were in
Ibwiri once again. After n few days
rest, Lieut. Stairs, with 100 men, was
sent to Kilinga-Longa to bring the
boat and goods. On the return of
Stairs with the boat and goods, he was
sont to Uyarrava. He was to bring
up the convalescents. Soon after hia
departure I was attacked by gastritis
and an abscess on the arm. After a
month's careful nursing I recovered
and set out again for Albert Nyanza
on April 2nd, accompanied by Joseph
son and Parke. A garrison was left at
Fort Bodo.
"On April 26th we arrived nt Moz-
anibini's country again. This time,
after some hesitation, Mozambini decided to make the blood of brotherhood with me. His example was followed by ull the other chiefs as far as
tho Nyanza. Every difficulty seemed
now to be removed. Food was supplied gratis.
"When one day's march from Nyanza, natives came from Kavali and
said a white man named Malejja hod
given their ohief a packet to give to
me, his son. They remained with us
that night, tolling us wonderful stories
about big ships, etc., which left no
doubt upon our mind that the white
man was Emin Pasha, The next day's
maroh brought us to Ohief Kavali. He
handed me a note from Emin Pasha to
the effect that thero had been a native
rumor that a white man had been seen
at the south end of the lake. Ho hod
gone in a steamer to make enquiries,
but had beon unable to obtain reliable
information. He begged me to remain
where I was until he could communicate with me. The next day, April 23,
Joaephsoii was dispatched with a strong
force to take the boat to the Nyanza.
On Apiil 29th we once again reached
tho bivouac ground occupied by ub
December 16, and at 5 p. in., of that
day I sow the steamer Khedive about 7
miles away.
"Soon after 7 o'olook Emin Pasho,
Signor Cusitti and Mr. Joaephaon arrived at onr camp, where they were
heartily welcomoel by all of us. Wo
were together until May 25, when I
left him, leaving Josephson, three
Soudanese and two Zanzibari in his
care, Seven days later I was at Fort
Bodo. At the fort were Oapt. Nelson,
and Lieutenant Stairs. The latter had
returned from iNyorrava, 22 days after
I had set out for the lake, bringing
with him, alas I only 16 men out of 56.
All tho rest were dead.
'On June 16 I left Fort Bodo with
all Zan/.ibari'sand 101 of Eniin's people, leaving all my officers nt the fort.
On June 24 we reached Killinga-Longn,
and on July 19 Nyarrava. Tho latter
station was deserted. Pasaing on down
the river as fast as we could go, daily
oxpecting to meet the couriers I had
sont tn Mnj. Barttelot, we indulged
ourselves iu pleasing anticipations as
wo neared the gaol. August 10 wo
overtook Uyarrova with a flotilla of 67
canoes and our couriers, reduced to 17,
who related an awful story of hairbreadth escapes and tragio scenes.
Three had been alain, two were still
feeble from wounds, and all except five
bore on their bodies scars of arrow
A week later Stanley met the rear
column of the expedition at Bunalva
ond found Mr. Bonnoy. From lho
latter Stanley learned, greatly to his
sorrow, of tho shooting of Major Bart
tleot by a native a month before. Janii
son had gone to Stanley Fulls to try to
get more men from Tippo Tib. Ward
was at Baugala and Bonney was the
only white man at Bunalyo. After
describing what a wreck he found the
rear column to be, Stanley complains
of tho oflicers at Yambunga having too
rapidly accepted the deserters' reports
of his death and sending his personal
kit of medicines, etc., down tho Congo,
leaving him naked of necessities for
his return to Emin.
The letter then summarizes what had
boen accomplished. The expedition
was 100 days in one continuous, unbroken, compact forest. The grass
land waB traversed in eight doys. How
far wost beyond the Congo the forest
reaches Stanley doea not know. The
superficial extent of the tracts described above, totally covered by forest, is
246,000 square miles. North of tho
Congo, between Upsoto and and Aru
whimi, the forest embraces another
20,000 square miles. Between Yambunga and Nyanza Stanley came across
five distinct languages.
At n distance of 50 milos from the
camp on the Nyanza they saw a mountain probably 17,000 or 18,000 feet in
height above tbe sea. It ia covered
with snow. It is called Reuveuzori,
and will prove a rival to Kelimarrio.
Three natives who had seen the lake to
the south agree that it is large, but
not bo large os the Albert Nyanza.
Emin Pasha has two battalions of
regulars, the first consisting of 750
rifles and the second of 640. Besides
these ho has a respectablo force of irregulars, ln conversation with Stanely
Emin said if he consented to go away
from thero they would have nearly
10,000 people with them. Ernin was
much worried to know how all tho
women and children, numbering over
2,000, could be brought away. Ho
and Stanley discussod tho matter at
greatlongth, but reached no conclusion.
Emin snid the Egyptians, of whom
he had 100 men, besides thoir womon
and children, would bo very willing to
leavo, and he would be glad lo be rid
of them, as they undermine his author
ity and nullify his endeavors to retreat, When he informed them that
Khartoum had fallen and Gordon Pasha was slain, they told
the Nubians thut it wob a con
cocted story, and aome day the
steamers would ascend the river
to their relief. Emin proposed
after Stanley's departure to viait Fort
Stanley says in conclusion that he
iusrtuctcd the officers ut the fort to
destroy it and accompany Emin to the
Nyanza. He hopes to moot them all
there, as ho intended making a short
cut to tho Nyanza along a new route.
Victoria, April 1.—The speaker
took the choir at 2:15 p. in. and
prayers were read by Rev. Arthur
Hon. Mr. Robson presented ames
sage from bis honor the lieutenant-
governor, accompanying a bill to provide for the sale by the trusiess, of the
Royal Hospital. The message and
bill were received, to be considered
in committee of the whole on Tuesday.
Hon. Mr. Davie asked leave to introduco a bill entitled "An Act to
amend the 'Assessment Act."
Leave granted. Bill read a first
time.   Second reading on Tuesday.
Mr. T. Davie asked leavo to intro-
a bill entitled "An Aot to amend tbe
'Mechanics' Lien Aot."
Leave granted. Bill read a first
time.   Second reading on Tueaday.
Mr. T. Davio aaked leave to introduce a bill entitled "An Act to amend
an aot of the present session of tho
Legislature, entitled 'An Act to amend
the Professions of Medicine and Surgery.'"
In asking permission to introduce
his bill to the house, Mr. Davie said it
was only his purpose to amend the
Medical Act which passed its third
rending a few days ago, hy making it
necessary for Homeopathic physicians
applying for permission to practice
in the province to be graduates of recognized schools or colleges, requiring
a three years course of study. He
said he would explain the object of bis
proposed amendment more fully at a
later period.
Leave was granted.
The bill was read a first time, and
set down for a second reading on Tuesday.
The houso then went into committee.
Mr. Semlin in the choir, upon Municipalities Amendment bill—(Mr. Beaven.)
Thu committee rose, reported pro-
gross, and naked leave to sit again.
Final consideration of the bill was
deferred until Wednesday for discussion on .Mr. Humphrey's motion .as to
voting and taxation.
The roport on the Kootenny Railway bill was adopted, the bill passed
its third reading.
Tho report on the Canadian Western Railway bill was adopted, the bill
read a third time nud passed
The report on the Companies' Act
was adopted. Tho bill passed its final
The house thou went into committee
on an act to grant certain lands for
charitable and other purposes. Mr.
Higgins iu the chair. The bill was reported and read a first time.
When the adjourned debate on the
Lihol Bill cnino up, Mr, Higgins, the
introducer of the inonsure, said that ns
the hour was getting late he hoped the
debate would go over until to-morrow.
Tho house adjourned till Tuesday at
2 p,m,
The speaker took the chair at 2:15.
Mr. Allen presented the report of
tho special committeo appointed to
visit tho provincial government. Tho
report was rend and ordered   printed.
The house went into committoe,
Mr. Higgins in the chair, to consider
the lieut.-governor's message in the
bill to authorize tho salo of lands of
the Royal Hospital. The bill was reported to the liouse and read a first
time. The second reading will take
place on Wednesday.
The attorney-general moved tho socond reading of the bill to amend the
assessment act. Tho bill was read a
second timo and committed. It was
reported complote with amendments
and read a third time and passed.
Tho provincial secretary moved tho
second reading of the bill to grant cor-
tain lands for charitable and otlier
purposes. Tho bill was read a second
time and committeed. It was reported complete -with amendments and
read a third time and passed.
The report of the committee upon
tho Vanoouver incorporation amendment bill was adopted and tho bill
read a third time ond passed.
The attorney-general moved the
ordor for tho second reading of the
bill to amend the county courts act be
discharged. The motion carried and
the order was discharged.
Mr. Higgins, beforo moving the
second reading of the bill to amend
the act relating to libel in civil cases,
Baid he was loath to withdraw the bill
as it was a very good measure. He
was willing to meet any objections of
honorable members ami ;he bill might
bo amended when desirable.
Mr. Dunsmuir: "I consider this a
monstrous bill."
Mr. Higgins:   "I beg pardon."
Mr. Dunsmuir: "Yes, sir, a monstrous bill. 1 don't think such a bill
would hold water. It is not in the
interest of the public. I movo in
amendment that the bill bc read a
second time this day six months."
Mr. Beaven spoko in favor of tho
bill. With some amendments it
might be made a good measure. Some
amendments to the existing libel law
is very badly needed. Mr. Dunsmuir
was "so used to being attacked in the
newspapers that he could sleep comfortably now" unless he saw something about himself in the newspapers.
Mr. Beavon thought tho honorable
president of the council waa a littlo
thin skinned.
Mr. Dunsmuir said that he intended
to bring in a bill noxt session to compel every man who got together a little
type to publish a newspaper to pass an
examination in regard to character.
He would also compel every newspaper to pay a license just tho samo as
saloons. There were somo publishers
ir. lho province now who did not know
how to conduct a newspaper.
The provincial secretary heartily approved the principles of tho bill. There
might be some amendments necessary
and ho would advise the member for
Esi|itimalt to withdraw his bill and introduce it next session.
Mr. Beaven thought the question
ono that vory deeply concerned the interests and safety of the public.
The attorney-general favored the
principle of the bill bat thought aomo
amendments might be required, lie
would, howovor, voto for tho second
Mr. Grant waa fully iu accord with
tho remarks mado by the attorney-
general and the provincial secretary
and would support the bill. He did
nut think any newspaper in the province would wilfully assail any man's
Messrs. Humphreys and Tumor
spoko at length ill favor of the bill and
referred to the law of libel as it at present existed.
Mr. Then. Davio opposed the bill
and made quite o long speech ill favor
of the amendment. The bill was
finally defeated by a vote of 13 to 9.
Several minor hills wero advanced a
stage aud the house adjorned at 6
o'clock till Wednesday afternoon.
Victoria, B. O, April 3.—The
speaker took the chair at 2. p.m,
Messrs. Allen, Dunsmuir and Humphreys on a question of privilege complained of being imsreported in their
remarks on the libel bill in Tuesday's
Mr. T. Davie moved tho second reading of the act establishing a Pharmaceutical association in the province of
British Columbia. Mr. Humphreys
approved the second reading. The provincial secretary favored tho bill. Ou
a division the second reading was defeated by a vote of 9 to 8.
Mr. T. Davie said he would not
move the Becond of tho conditional
sales bill as it was out of order on the
same grounds as the supremo court bill
ruled out yesterday.
Tho standing rules nnd orders wero
suspended to enable Mr. T. Davio lo
introduco an amendment to tho bill
providing for a stenographer for the
supreme and county courts.
The government bill granting a subsidy to the Canadian Western Central
Railway wob brought down. Tbo attorney-general moved that the messnge
ond bill accompanying it be forthwith
referrod to a committee of the whole.
Mr. Orr objected to any suspension
of tho rules in this rospect.
Tho message nnd tho bill will bo accordingly received and be considered
in committeo at the next sitting of the
The chief commissioner of lauds and
works presented the return of the correspondence respecting nil matters in
connection with the Nortb Arm road,
Tho bill to amend the Mechanics
Lien Act waa read a third timo and
On consideration nf tho report upon
tho Municipalities Amendment bill
soveral amendments woro introduced.
The adoption of the roport was deferred until the next sitting of the house.
Mr. T. Davio moved the flocond
rending of the bill to amend the act
respecting assignments for the benefit
of creditors. Tho bill wss road a second time and committed. Tlie
committee rose without reporting.
The county courts act, on the mo
tion of Mr. Grant, was read a second
time nnd committed. The committee
rose, reported progress and askod to
sit again.
Mr. Davie introduced au act to
amend tho supremo courts act. The
bill was read a tirst timo uud the second reading fixed for Thursday. The
houso then adjourned till Thursday at
2 p. m.
Victoria, April 4.—The speaker
took the chair at 2 p. m. Prayers by
Rev. Mr. Beanlands.
Mr. Ladner asked the government
if the Woollen Mill Company at New
Westminstor had received the bor ub
offered by the government and if not
why not? The provincial secretary
aaid that it had not becauso tbe conditions had not been complied wit!'.
Ho thought this was tho third time
tho same question had been answered,
On the consideration of the report
of tho municipalities amendment act
several slight amendments were introduced, when tho report was adopted. The third reading is set down
fnr tho next sitting of the house.
The houso thon went into committee
upon the message from the lieut.-gov-
omor with a bill to grant a land subsidy to tho Canadian Western Central
Railway Company. The bill was reported to the house and read the first
Tho attorney-general moved the
Becond reading of tho bill. He thought
that a majority of the house would
favor tho granting of the land subsidy
asked for.
Mr. Semlin opposed the bill. It
had been introduced too lato in the
session and did not give the members
an opportunity to consult their constituents upon it. He spoke at some
length against the bill and moved, seconded by Mr. Orr, that the bill be not
now read the second time but that the
house be at once disolved, and a new
election held to enable the electors of
British Columbia to express their
opinion upon tho proposed grnnt of
land in connection with this  railway.
The speaker wos of the opinion that
the resolution was a vote of censure.
It was a prerogative of the crown to
disolve the house and he therefore
ruled tho motion out of order.
Mr. Humphreys supported tho bill
and would vote for its socond reading.
He considered there was not a clause
in it which was uot advantageous to
the people.
Mr. Higgins mode a lengthy speech
in support of tho bill. He urged honorable members to lay aside sectional
prejudice and voto for a bill that
would secure the construction of a new
national highway from ocean to ocean
without casting an unreasonable or
irksome burden on the public. The
construction of the line would present
a feasible outlet for the products of
the Cariboo mines and open up a second and competitive transcontinental
lino of railwny through British territory.
Mr- Martin opposed tho bill as he
considered it unjust to tho peoplo, ns
giving up a large territory in the interests of a speculative charter. Other
roads that had beon projected were of
fur more benefit to the province than
the one under discussion, and he could
not do otherwise than vote against tho
second reading of the bill.
On the motion of Mr. Grant the debate was adjourned, and it being 5
o'clock the speaker left the chair.
The speaker resumed the choir at
7:30 p. m., when tlio debate on the
Canadian Western Railway bill was
continued. Messrs. Grant, Orr, Davie, Mason, Anderson, Cowan, Dunsmuir and Nason spoke on the bill,
which finally passed its second reading and was committeed, Mr. Duck in
the chair. The committee rose on tho
last clause, reported progress and asked leavo to sit again,
The report on the municipalities bill
was adopted, read the third time und
The house then adjourned till Friday afternoon,
Victoria, April 5.—The speaker
took the chair at 2.30 p. in. Prayers
were read by Rev. Mr. Beanlands.
Mr. T. Davie moved that an humble
address be presented to his honor the
lieutenant-governor praying him to
urge upon the Dominion government
the propriety of submitting a measure
to parliament forthe abolition of grand
juries. After some discussion the
resolution was lost.
The houso then wont into committee,
Mr. Duck in the chair, upon the bill to
grant a land subsidy to the Canadian
Western Railway Company.
Iu committeo the attorney-general
moved to reconsidor section eleven
making the date when construction
shall bo commenced within two years
from 1st November noxt. The amendment wns carried and tho bill reported
to the house completo with amendments. The report wns adoptod, the
bill read a third time and passed.
The house went into committee on
the medical, amendment act, Mr.
Cowan in the chnir. The bill was reportod completo with amendments nnd
tho bill read a third time and passod.
Tho houso thon adjourned to moot
again ou Saturday at 3 o'clock p. m.
when the prorogation takes place.
Beforo adjourning all tho members
roso to their feet and sung "God savo
the Queen," led by Mr. Allen.
After Seven Years,
The steamer Maudo arrived early
this morning from tho north. She had
on board an Indian who is charged
with a murder committed seven yoars
ago. The murdered mnn shot tho wifo
of tho man now held in custody—bnt
not fatally—and tho husband immediately shot her ossailant dead. Ho
then made his escape, and tho officers
hove only now succeeded in arresting
him. The nccused was taken at once
to the proi'incial jail, nnd will appear
for trial iu a fow daya under tho Speody
Trials Act.—Saturday's Colonist.
Lord Stanley will visit Manitoba
and British Columbia in September.
Tho Hriiiurlinliln History and Wanderings
of a Union Veteran.
Iho strango caso of Hugh Thompson has
just passod through tbo Pension Oilice,
says tlio Chicago Tribune. It i3 a remarkable story. Thompson left homo a boy of
eighteen to march with tho Union forces.
At tho battlo of Chickamauga he was
wounded in tho head, and from that timo
until 1872 his lifo is a blank to him and his
friends. Tho army record shows that ho
was at the battlo of Chickamauga. Alter
that ho was reported missing, and until a
few months ago his family mourned him as
dead. Under this impression his father ap'-
phed for a pension in 1875, but was refused
because ho was not dependent at tho time
of tho supposod death of his son. Prom tho
battle of Chickamauga until ho was restored
to his friends Hugh Thompson did not know
his own namo. Until 1873 ho had uo consciousness whatever. Where ho spent tho
interval he does not know, ln that year ho
was walking near the littlo town of Clove-
land, in Illinois, when tho memories of tho
war returned. Ho did not know his name.
Ho was clod in old soldier clothes, wilh a
bluo soldier overcoat.. He dimly recalled a
groat battle in which his comrades wero
hard pressed, and that was all. To his mind
tho battle was just over. From that timo
until last year ho was a ceaseless wanderer. Ho had intelligence enough to
care for horses and do odd chores, but
hia name, his family and his regiment were
all a blank. In his wanderings he
made his home in Michigan, Illinois, Wisconsin, Iowa and Kansas, picking up threo
wives, all of whom aro dead. His misfortunes appealed to tho old soldiers. Thoy
cared for him, and made many efforts to
learn his history. Among them ho was
known as "Shorty," "Old Reliable'' and
tho " Nameless Soldier." In a littlo Testament tp which ho clung through all his misfortunes was written tho namo of Thompson, and this was supposed to bo his name.
Somo timo last year he was at a soldiers'
mooting-in Michigan. His story was printed
in a local paper. This found ita way to Van
Wert County, O., whero tho elder Thompson lived. Hopo was revived in tho old
man, who had mourned his son as dead for
twenty-five years. Ho began a search for
his son, and finally found him in Kansas
ir.nl brought him back to tho scenes of his
childhood. Many things which had baffled
memory were recalled. Ho had boen engaged in youth to a girl whom ho remembered as " heavy set," and although a quar-
ter of a century had passed there was somo
peculiarity about her that led him to recognize lier at sight. Ono day he was taken to
ah uncle's whero many hours of his j-outh
wore passed. As ho camo to tho barn a
flash of intelligence came to his faco nud ho
said that was the barn Uo had so often tried
to recall. His own peoplo only identified
him through tho Testament which his cousin
had givon him, and which he had preserved
together with somo verses sho had written.
Tho Pension Commissioner is satbiiea of
his ielentity and a pension will be issued to
tho poor wanderer.
Tho Vision That Lured a Yonng Sailor to
His Destruction.
Captain Young, of tho lost steamer Lizzio
Perry, tells tho following story of tho loss
of the ship Alfred Watts to tho Newark
Xmos. Ho rescued two survivors of tho
Watts before his own ship went down,
"When the Alfred Watts was off tho
Bahamas sho encountered a terriblo hurricane. In tho height of tho gale the ship was
thrown on hor beam onds.  Tho dock was
icn almost perpendicular. Tno men woro
washed down into the lee scuppers, which
wore completely submerged But they
managed to crawl up again and cling to this
deck, when a mighty sea suddenly swept
over tho vessel and washed every man
overboard. Whon they came to tho surfaco tho wreck was away to tho windward,
but six of them contrived to scramblo upon
a portion of the forecastle, which had also
come adrift. This piece of wreck was, howover, no bottor than a raft, and how tho
men managed to cling to it is something that
oven iho survivors hardly know. But thoy
did so through a long, terriblo uight. By
dawn tho weather had moderated, and oil
tho rising of the sun the hull of tlio vessel
was to bo soen at some distance away.
Somo fragments of wreckage were also
floating about, and from these thoy picked a
few small spars with whioh to row their
unwieldy croft. They continued to row
for thirty-six hours without a drop-.of water or any fragment of food or other nour-
islimcut or stimulant. Then ono of them
turned toward the others and called outjoy-
fully that ho saw land and meant to walk to
it. lt was a young man from Philadelphia
namod Oakford. Before his shipmates could
chock him ho had stepped into the water
nnd floated out of reach. Ho seemed to ho
swimming for somo time, heading, perhaps,
in tho direction of the vision that had lured
him to his destruction. But all at ouce ho
disappeared, vanishing in a posture and
with n swiftness that left no room to doubt
that ho had been seized and pulled down by
a shark."  '
How Postmaster-General Dickinson Was
Snubbed by u Doorkeeper.
The story of tho little boy who picked up
apininfrontof tho wealthy merchant nud
was rewarded for his industry by a twelve-
hundred-dollar clerkship is now rathor
pcllpsod by a recent incident In Postmaster.
General Dickinson's career, writes tho
Washington correspondent of tho New
York Tribune. It happened after he had
be-n appointed hy tho President and before
he had been confirmed by tho Senate, during which poriod his status at tho Post-
Ofiloe Department was rather doubtful.
One aftornoon lato, ho was about to stop into tho side entrance when the zealous doorkeeper interposed:
"Too late."
" But, my man, I bave important business
" Aro you a member of Congress!"
" No."
"Havoyou an order from amomberl"
." Can't get in, then; too late."
"Woll, whon can I get in!"
"Who can toll-"
" Dunno.  Movo ou, now."
It was thon that Mr. Diokinson retired aud
entered tho building by anothor door. Tho
doorkeeper in tho meautnno pursued tho
oven tenor otitis ways, satisfied that ho
had dono the right thing and vindicated tho
authority of tho Postmuster-Qonoral. Not
long afterward ho was astonished, howovor,
to recolvo an ordor to oall on tho uow Post-
lnastor-Goneral, who had in tho moantimo
boon confirmed by tho Senato. His astonishment may bo bettor imagined than described whon ho confronted in Mr. Dickinson tho straugor whom ho hnd treated so
ungraciously. His now chief, though,
proved magnanimous.
"I didn't care any thing for your discourtesy to mo," ho said, " but it might
havo hurt tho feolings of a third-class postmaster. Answer questions after this.
That's what you're paid fcr,"
'   ■■»■...     UUMUUU.
*-T tfuu^u.   UIMHI     IUKWB Weekly British Columbian
Wednesday Jlnrnlns, Alirll 10, ISSSl.
There is a man in Los Angles,
Oal., whoso business it is to travel
east with the corpses of people who
go to southern California to find
health, and who tlie instead.
Oharles Dudley Warner begins
his new novel, "A Little Journey
in the World," in the April number
of Harper's Magazine. We'd like
to bet that not a Victorian will road
Australia has just made to a projected railroad a grent of 16,000,-
000 acres, or 20,000 acres it mile.
The grant to tho Pacific railroads in
this country amounted to about
6400 acres a mile.—Ex.
Sharks have become so plenty in
the harbor of Havana thut n sailor's
boots thrown overboard will bring
half a dozen of the hungry monsters
to the surface to inquire what time
the sailor himself expects to tumble
' in.
The death rate in the case of
brewers, commercial traveler.?, and
other classes exposed to the temptation of frequent alcoholic drinking
is six times greater than in nil tho
industries   combined,   —■   Medical
A curious method of obtaining
work was that recently employed by
a Philadelphia man. He liung a
board over his back inscribed "Work
Wanted" and took n- stand in a
business street. He got a job within
two hours.
The greatest depth of the ocean,
of which soundings have been taken,
is off the coast of Japan. The
water at that point is five miles
deep, and on the bottom, even at
that enormous depth, traces of
animal life have been found.
Many largo meetings have beon
held in various cities of Australia at
which resolutions were adopted
congratulating Mr, Parnell on his
victory in the mattor of tho charges
against him by the London Times.
Large sums of money wero raised
for, the benelit of tho   Irish  cause.
"There is no greater work on
earth than that of developing everything in man, of bringing it into
harmony, of holding it back from
wrong-doing, and pushing it forward
to positive excellence. Ho builds a
great thing who builds a pyramid;
but, he builds a greater thing who
builds a character."
A strange accident has befallen a
young lady, the niece of the Mayor
of Cherveux. She was playing
with a little child ou lier lap, when
she suddenly threw back her head
and remained motionless. A hairpin
had penetrated her skull. She
never recovered consciousness, and
expired a short time afterwards.
An invention that is being used
for sending coin through the mails
consists of a piece of paste board
about the size of an envelope. In
it are holes the' size of a silver
quarter, a half dollar and a dollar,
with red paper senls ready to paste
across each slot. A coin can bo put
in and sealed, inclosed in an
envelope and sent through the mails
in safety.
Private advices from Buda-Pesth
stats that Emperor Francis Joseph
has lost flesh and his hair has turned
white since the suicide of crown
Princo Rudolf. He has frequent
fits of terrible grief, especially after
conferring with Prince Rudolf's
friends. The empress rarely eats
and weeps for hours at u timo. She
is unable to sleep, and tho doctors
are puzzled ovor her condition.
One of the questions put to tho
school children of Cambridge, Mass.,
lately, was: "What is a skeleton'!"
Among the answers wero these:
"Whon anybody dies the flesh dries
up to the bones and makes a skeleton ;" "A skeleton is bones in the
museum ;" When you dio the
doctor can mako a skeleton of you;"
"Whon you grow into a skeleton
you are sent to Harvard College to
practice on."
The Pope's income for 1888
amounted to 82,520,000, of which
$1,860,000 came from tho St. Peter's
pence and $660,000 from tho interest of moneys invested out of Italy.
The outlay of the Vitican only
amounted to 81,700,000. This is a
hightly satisfactory balance sheet,
but it does not take into account
the sum of .$2,400,000 which his
holiness received in money and
presents during his jubilee. And
yot the old gentleman thinks ho
wants the "temporal power." We'd
bo satisfied with tho earth.
Emigration to Manitoba has
assumed large proportions this year,
to somo extent no doubt in consequence of tho abolition of tho rail
road monopoly. Another settlers'
train will leave Toronto to-night for
Winnipeg. Largo parties aro going
almost daily from other ports of tho
province. The influx from the
United Kingdom is also very great
as compared with that of any yenr
since tho "boom" in  1882.—Mail.
Says Professor Hadley : "The
speed of railroad trains i3 restricted
within threo theoretical limits:—
First, a ' physical limit of eighty
miles an hour, beyond which it is
found impossible for a train to hold
the track; second, an operating limit
of sixty miles an hour, which practical experience has found trains
cannot run without much damage
to life; third, a commercial limit of
thirty miles per hour, at which, all
things considered, it is found most
economical to run a train."
What aro the four great lakes
between Canada and tho Gulf of
Mexico T asked a Lewiston, Me.,
mother of her youngest and only,
whose geography she was conning.
"AVater," said the boy. The mother
pondered a moment and looked into
tho geography again and found herself in error. Sho should have
asked, "Which are the four great
lakes"" etc. This question repented,
the boy answered correctly. It's a
smart 7-year-old who knows the
difference between what and which,
Sir James Hannen is said to have
given privately some very amusing
accounts of the impression which
Mr. Labouchere's appearance in the
box made on him. "He mndo an
excellent witness," said Sir James
smilingly, "but what I did not quite
like was, he was so very confidential.
He spoko to us as if ho were telling
us something which was interesting
tons to know, and which (ns between
friends) he did not at all mind disclosing. We did not relish this, but
somehow we could not interrupt
The  statistic   fiend   has   been
figuring on the ladies'  chances  for
"catchin' a feller," at different ages.
Tho  following  table   shows   that
"sweet sixteen" is badly discounted
in this   respect  by  damsels   of a
maturer age:   Between 15 and 20
the chances of marriago aro 14-i per
cent.; between 20 and 25   52  per
cent,; between 25 and 30   18
cent.; between 30 and  35 15 &
cent,; between 35 and 40 3|
cent.; betweon 40 and 45   21.
cent- between 45 and 50
An ox-soldier in tho English
army, who had long boon stationed
in India, brought suit in a Dublin
court lately to recover possession
of a terrier dog. He stated that he
had taught the clog to understand
Hindustani, and he was willing if
the dog was brought into court to
test the quadruped's knowledge of
tho language. If the animal did
not understand it he would withdraw
his claim to it. Tho magistrate
consented, and the dog was brought
into tho body of the court attached
to a chain, which was held by the
defendant's son. The complainant
told the boy to drop tho chain, and
on his doing so he made some
observations in Hindustani, and the
dog ran quickly around the dock
through a crowd of persons and
jumped into the witness box and
bogan to fawn on the complainant.
Tbe magistrate said there was no
getting beyond that evidence, and
at once ordered the dog to be given
up to the complainant.
of 1
per cent.; between 50 and 56 -J- of 1
per cent.
The Army and Navy Journal
prints a letter from a navy officer,
who suggests that the ancients, who
know the value of oiling troubled
waters, learned this method I from
observing tho sea-birds. All fisli-
eating birds, capo pigeons, petrels,
and tlio like, eject oil from the
mouth when captured. In the
Soutli Atlantic and South Pacific
the.writer has witnessed sea birds
Hooting in the spaces of comparatively quiet water when the sen
around wns rough. The unusual
smoothness of tho water was evidently duo to considerable quantities
of oil deposited by the birds.
Although much doubt has been
expressed as to the wisdom of the
adoption by New York state of
electricity as the instrument of
capital punishment instead of the
rope, bills to the same effect have
been introduced in tbo legislatures
of Missouri, Illinois, and Ohio. So
dissatisfied are the people of these
states with tho present mode of
execution of criminals that they
wish to follow tho example of New
York, even beforo the electrical
system has been given a trial. In
the latter stato the exact method of
applying the electric current to the
body of the condemned person has
not yet been decided upon.
Petticoat government has been
such a success in Oskaloosa, Kansas,
in whicli town the mayor and tho
members of the council during the
past year havo all been married
women, that with the oxception of
two members the entire ticket is to
be renominated at the approaching
municipal election. One of the two
ladies who arc not asking a second
torni is annoyed over somo difficulty
about a sidewalk, and tho other will
shortly be incapacitated by reason
of an interesting event of a domestic character. Tho men of tho town
appear to have no hope of being
able to elect a ticket taken from
their own sex, but they have nominated and intend supporting six of
the bost-looking unmarried ladies of
the community. The contest ought
to  be an interesting one.
The great Jones county calf case,
which has been in the courts of
Ohio for somo yoars past, has boen
heard of again, Recently judgment
was given on a motion for a reversal
of the verdict, and the unsuccessful
defendants now propose to go to
tho supremo court. The New York
Tribune says : "Another decision
in tlio Jones county calf case comes
just in timo to restore our faith in
human naturo. So long a timo had
elapsed—at least a month—since
any phase of that litigation had
been brought to publio notice that
wo feared that either tho plaintiff's
or the defendants had ignobly betrayed their trust, and relapsed into
a weak and pusillanimous inactivity." Tho litigation commencod
in 1874, and tho four calves, which
aro tho subjoct of it, have up to tho
present cost about $20,000.—Ex.
A herd of wild cattle was being
driven through the town of Sun
Diego. A little child was playing
in the street near where the, cattle
were passing, when one of the bulls
—a huge creature with large horns
—-made a sudden ruBh at the poor
bairn. To add to the terror of the
scone, tho drover was tipsy, and in
trying to turn the furious animal,
fell off his horse. Warning yells
arose from the spectators as they
beheld the fato from which, as it,
seemed, nothing could savo the
child. At this very moment a lady
happened to come into the street,
and tho noise of the tumult at once
attracted her attention. She saw
the child's appalling danger at u
glance, and immediately sprang into
the empty saddle. She succeeded
in catching up with tho wild bull,
and threw her shawl over its head
just as it was about to charge the
child. She then, without leaving
the saddle, lifted tho child in her lap
and took it to a place of safety.—E.u
At a prayer-meeting "down east,"
a man noted for his failures to meet
business obligations, arose to speak.
Tho subjoct was: "What shall I
do to be saved 1" He commenced
slowly to quote tho words: "What
shall I do to be saved V Again
with more solemn tono he repeated
the question of questions, when a
voice from the assembly, in clear
and distinct tones replied : "Go
and pay John Williams for that
yoke of oxen." Tho incident stirs
up thought. A great many people
before they can bo saved, or guide
others to the Saviour, will have • to
"go and pay John Williams" . thq
monoy they honestly owo him.
Thousands read no other Bible than
the lives of those who profess to bu
following its precepts in their daily
lives. The greatest need of the
church is true, pure, upright living
—"living epistles, know and read
by oil men." The square man is
the best shape. The tree is known
by its fruit. "Go and pay John
A Paris letter says : A newspaper in Toulon printed the other
day nn article headed "Oflicers and
Cuds" that gave offence to the
garrison at that place, and one of
tho officers, M. Margaine, called at
the office of the paper and slapped
the face of M, Payanet, the editor.
There was a duel, and the editor was
slightly woundod. Another officer
tried to get on a fight with the man
who had written the article, calling
all tho writers on the paper "curs,"
except the editor who had fought.
This was printed in an opposition
paper, and the "curs" promptly
challenged nil the officers. The
colonel put his men under arrest,
but they will bo freo in a fortnight,
and then thero will bo a dozen or
more duels, besides two that M.
Lescudier has on with other writers
who criticised his action. Editor
Pyunet has recovered from his wound
and superintends the dnily drill that
his subordinates are undergoing
preliminary to the beginning of
actual hostilities.
Among the coming devices of
Edison ispromisedthe"linguagraph,"
A Minneapolis man is said tb be
interested with hiin in this patent.
The immediate purpose of it is to do
away with the annoying shrieks of
the steam whistle by substituting a
machine that can talk. It will
shout "brakes" in placo of the
whistling for down brakes. It is all
a matter of valves, key-boards and
pipes, At crossings and stations it
will sond out a piercing but molodious
voico of warning. Of course tho
ponderous diapason will bc heard
all through tho train, and oan be
adjusted to announce tho approaching station. It may enable un-
fumiliar passengers to guess at the
namo of the place, which the present
cheap elocution does not often
render possible. If the device doos
this work on the railroads, there is
hardly a limit to its possiblo uses.
It will dispense with the human
voice in a largo and varied Held.
If musically inclined, it can entertain travelers with melody, and
perhaps song.
Major Powell states that material
has been gathered showing 73 different stocks of languagos nnd nearly
800 dialects among the Indians of
The magnificent stalactite cavo
lately discovered near Reclere,
Switzerland, is estimated to he
about a mile long, 2000 ft, broad,
and 10 to 60 ft. high.
In some of the Indian villages of
British Guiana Im Thurm noticed
many tamed animals—such as parrots, macaws trumpeters, monkeys,
toucans, etc.—which were used as
currency to adjust balances in the
bartering between the different
In a length of only 78 miles, a
railway on the French Island of
Reunion has four tunnels aggregating nearly seven miles, with
manydeep cuttings and highembank-
nients, 43 large bridges, including
one of 1640 feet and one of 1312
feet; together with 200 bridges and
culverts of less than 33 foet.
Fromontine, a new alimentary
substance consisting of the embryo
of wheat reduced to flour, is said to
contain three times more nitrogenous substance than moat, and a considerable proportion of sugar. It is
suggested that it may advantageously replace powdered meat as a
concentrated food.
lt appears that the lover of mushrooms is in danger not only from
poisonous species but from a poisonous state of the edible kinds. In
Switzerland several cases of poison-,
ing from dried mushroom have led
to the conclusion that poisonous
ptomaine-like substances may bo
developed in edible mushrooms by
slight putrefactive changes.
A new principle for keeping
plants through the winter without
artificial hoat is applied in Regent's
Pnrk, London. Glass bottomed
tanks about three inches deep are
so arranged that all light and heat
must reach the plants through a
thin layer of water. The water
exercises great control over the temperature, protecting tho plants from
frost in winter and from direct
excessive heat in summer.
A New Spy.—It is an interesting
fact, which might become important
in the case of war, that the telephone furnishes a simple and ready
means of intercepting secret telegraphic dispatches; without theknow-
ledge of the operators. All that is
necessary is to run a wire parallel
with the telegraph line for a short
distance, when the currents induced
in this wire as the message is sent
reproduce the signals in tho telephone. The plan is attended by
one difficulty, which is that the
signals would become a confused
medley of sounds if dispatches wero
transmitted simultaneously from
both ends of the lino. The matter
has attracted the attention of the
Austrian government.
Saving Tin.—About one-sixth of
the tinned iron plate consumed in
the manufacture of cans and othor
articles is left ns scrap. The tin
being valuable and the supply limited, many attempts have beon made
to recover it from this scrap, but it is
only within a few months that the
saving of tho metal has reached the
importance of a regular industry.
Mr. Alfred Sambotte, of Brussels,
now has in successful operation experimental works capable of treating 4,000,000 pounds of tin scrap
yearly. By his process the tin is
converted into stannic chloride, for
which the silk industry makes
ample demand. The separation is
effected by placing the scrap in n
high tower, and passing ovor it a
slightly heated current of dry
chlorine diluted with an inert gas.
In the diluted state the chlorine
unites with tho tin without attacking tho iron, which is left free, and,
being of good quality, is readily put
to use.
Varieties op Taste-Nerves.—
"There exists a mistaken notion,"
says Dr. Andrew Wilson, "that the
tongue is the sole organ of taste,
just as the idea, natural but erroneous, is extant that it is necessary
for purposes of speech. As a matter of fact, taste is as largely resident in the palate as in the tongue,
while numerous cases are on record
in whieh persons who have suffered
the loss of the tongue havo been
ablo to speak with clearness. Recently a proof was given of the widespread naturo of tho tasto senso in
the mouth. In u patient from
whom the tonguo had been very
completely removed, it was found
that sensations of sweet, sour and
bitter naturo were still present,
Curiously, too, no sense of sult-
tusto remained. These facts would
almost seem to prove that various
parts of tongue and palate are iiet
apart for tho appreciation of different 'tastes.' This idea supports tho
fact that tlip tongue possesses on its
surfaco papillae or taste-organs of
dillnrent shapes and sizes. It is
consistent to assume that suoh variations in tho ends of tlio nervos uf
taste imply variations of their
Just Received, Direct from Hamilton.
Intending Buyers should make a note
of this, as it goes to show that we sell
more Stoves than any two Houses in the
Province. Our superior line of Stoves and
low prices do the business.
E. S. Seoullar & Co.
H. T. READ & CO.
(Masonic Block, Columbia Street.)
Largest Stock of CROSS-CUT SAWS in the Country.
We keep the finest Stock of BUILDERS' HARDWARE in the province.
We have on hand a large stook of Magnetic Oxide Fire-proof Paint.
warranted 92 per ct. puro oxide. So high a grade sold by no other house inthe eity,
*s-Ihirii*B the year that we have opened we have materially reduced the prlee* of
everything in onr line, and hope by strict attention to business to receive a contin*
tianceof tho public patronage. noldwly
:oundry and Machine Shop
Front St., New Westminster, B. C.
saoKssit-ap i.a.'w,
Brass and Iron Castings made to Order.
P. S.—All orders from tlio upper country promptly attended to.
HEAD OFFICE, ■ 15 Serjeants Inn, Fleet St. -LONDON, ENG.
The Businoss of ALLSOP b MASON haa been merged in tho above Compiny
snd will be oarried on by the Company from this date an a general Land Investment
and Insurance Agon jy.
MONEY TO LOAN on Mortgage at Low Rates. Town Loti and Farming
Lands for Salo on easy terma,
Viotoria B. C, May 16th, 18S7. dwJo7to
Immense Sale of Boots and Shoes!
Commencing February gth, 1889.
the undersigned will now placo his entiro atook on tho market at wholesale
prices) 110 reserve.   Everything must bc sold.
$41,000 worth of Boots, Shoes, Slippers, Rubber Goods, Shoo Findings, So,
An early inspection will convince the publio that we mean business.   Terms—
under $50, cash; over $50, secured notes at 3 months with interest.
J*.. B. -WTl-TTElvflTTTE,
Tennis & Baseball Shoes!
Among the New Goods Just Opened by
Columbia Street, Westminster, B. C.
\J buy. Roil Ton Polish, Fl-CllCll Dressing, and aeveral of the beat
kinds of BOOT-BLACKING on hand.
US-Orders by mail will rocolvo prompt attention.
WEEKLY BRITISH COLUMBIAN. tnrmr**'raa*mnma**
-Y   E.l
IVcitiicsiliiy Momint!, April 10. 1881).
(From Daily Columbian, April 9.)
The total dobt of tho   city   uf New
' Westminster, including tho   8150,000
■bonus tn the  Southern  Kaiiway,   is
Mr.   D.   A.  MoDonald   has  been
awarded the contract for building tlie
new tiro slip nt the foot of Begbie-at.
: Wurk will be commenced on it in a
: few daya.
The duat on Culumbia street to day
was terrible, especially  when stirred
up by the butcher boys on   thoir  2
minute horaeB.   A gentle shower  to
| lay the dust would be most acceptable.
Tho barque Malay, Capt.  Nicholls,
has loaded 620,000 feet of lumber at
, tho Royal Oity planing milla for Syd
'• ney N. S. W.   Sho ia ready for sea
I and will probably be towed from the
i river to-morrow.
Mr. P.   Latham,  of   tho  Douglas
street green house, laid on our   table,
thia   morning,   a beautiful  Marshal
Neil ruse, grown in hia  conservatory.
1 A roae more fragrant and   lovely   wo
have never seen.
Mr. T. F. Sinclair has purchased the
, brickyard formerly owned  by Mr. El-
roy O'Brien, and intends fitting it up
with the latest and most approved kind
of maohinery.   Mr. Sinclair  has  let
tho contract of making his brick  to
Mr. Thos. Harvey.
The salmon run last night was the
best this season, but only a few boats
wero at work, most of tho fishermen
having "laid off" last evoning to spend
the profits of yesterday's labor. Oola-
ohans uro running freely but not in
very large schools as yet.
R. B. Bell's tender for building the
new lire hall on Hoyal Avenuo, has
been accepied by the city council and
work mi it will be commenced at an
early dato. Though not a very costly
affair, the building is of neat design
and will make a very creditable appearance.
Mr, Herbert Kinkland has been appointed manager of Messrs. Findlay,
Durham & Brodie's cannery on Deas
Island. Mr. Kinkland has had muoh
experience in the salmon packing business, and his appointment is considered a good one by tho cannery mon in
Tho merchants and business men
have shown the proper'spirit in petitioning the oity council to have Columbia and iront streets watered
regularly during the coming summer.
A by-law will be introduced at the
next meeting of the counoil to make
provision for the work.
Mr. John J. .Tessop, Dominion
immigration agent, Victoria, writes us
asking to procure for him 300 or 400
of Westminster city and district "fol-
ders," which he promises to distribute among desirable sottlors who urn
inquiring about this part of the province, of which Mr, Jessop adds, there
are many.
Dr. Edward Beechor, uiied 85 years,
a brother of the late Henry Ward
Beeoher and on uncle of Mr. 0. M.
Beocher of tlio Royal City planing
mills company, foil beneath a train at
Brooklyn, on Wednesday night, and
his left leg was badly crushed. Owing
to his advancod ago, the injury may
provo fatal.
The str. Fairy Queen arrived to-day
from the North Arm with a full load
of farm produce and a number of passengers. The daily service is greatly
appreciated by the farmers, who, so
far, have made good use of the new
line. The owners of tho steamer are
well pleased with the patronage thoy
are receiving.
Suporatitiou still lives, or would appear tn from the action of tho city
counoil last niglit. The question of
voting on the water worka by-law camo
up, and it was found that Friday,
May 10th, was the earliest date on
whicli tho voting could he held. Some
one suggested that Friday was unlucky, uud with ono accord all idea of
voting on that day was abandoned.
On Sunday morning Mr, Lands-
burg lost a §350 diamond on Carrall
atreet, and after repeated search gavo
it up for gone. The same evening tho
light of the electrio lamps exposed its
whereabouts, and tho owner luckily
came upon it whilo it Bhono under the
illumination of the inciiudcscenta. It
ie reported that the gleam of joy ill
hiB eye surpassed the lustre of the diamond.- Foiicottrer    News.
Mr. eiihiiolm ris.i'.. tu.
It is with much regret we announce
that Mr. Donald Chisholm, M.P., is
Borioualy ill at the Russell Houso.
Mr. Chisliolm's affection is an aggravated liver complaint, whioh, with
other complications, has made his condition alarming to his friends during
the paat few diiy3. The crisis is, however, past, and Dr. Roomo, M. P., his
medical attendant, expects to see hia
patient convalescent in a short time.
Many visitors who called wero refused
admission. Wo hope to hear of hia
completo recovery within a few days.
"uiii'Ke Ileal ttrtliilc Deal.
Two of the largest real estate trail
sactions in several weeks havo just
beon negotiated by Mr. T. J. Trapp.
These are the transfer of lot 25, on
tho north east corner of Columbia and
Lome streets, und lot 23. on Columbia street on which the Amorioan hotel
stands. The purchaser of the former
is Mr. T. J. Trapp and the price paid
is §15,000. Mr. D. S. Curtis is the
new owner of lot 23, and the valuo of
the transfer is §13,000. Both are
cash transactions. Mr. Curtia will
erect a fine business block on hia
property as soon as the leases on the
buildings expire.	
Tlie II. C. Salmon Fisheries.
We understand that a movement ia
on foot for the establishment of reduction works fur tho smelting of gold
and silvor ores. It is proposed to
form a joint stock company, with a
capital of $100,000 for this purpose.
Several outsido capitaliata are interested in tho scheme, and we may expect boforo many months to have the
works in full operation. Thodiscovery
of gold, silvor and copper oroa on
Texada Island, haa no doubt, been
largely instrumental in causing the
proseut movement to be set on foot.
Nanaimo haB unexcelled facilities for
the establishment of numbers of ^ industrial enterptises, and we believe
that tho proposed undertaking is a
most hopeful sign that the city iB
awakening to a duo sense of ita importance as a future manufacturing
centro. We can't havo too many now
industries started in our midst.—
Hon. Mr. Tupper stated to an Umpire representative recently that he
had brought to his attention the repre
actuations of tho salmon packers on
the Fraser river, relative to limiting
the number of boats to 350. Last year
ho Bind complaints oame from the packers on the Fraser that the river waa
being ovor-tisiied, and that, if regulations woro not adopted to limit the
number of boats, the industry would
be ruined ; 350 waB suggested aa the
limit, and now that tbe BUggestion had
beon acceded to here oamo a proteet
that somo of the large packers would
be ruined if 500 boats, at the least,
were not allowed for this season, He
has tho mattor at present undor consideration.
 . m ,
New t'liic Offices.
The plans prepared by Mr. G. W.
Grant, the architect, for the conversion of Ihe agricultural hall, McKenzie
street, into civio offices, were presented
to the council hist night. The plans,
though not elaborate, indicate that
the proposed offices will be an immense improvement on the preaent
quarters, and somewhat in keeping
with our civic dignity. The building,
when tho changes are mado, will contain a public hall 80x20 feet, mayor's
office, city clerk'a oilice, council
chamber, two committeo rooms, polioe
offico, city engineer's office, water engineer's oflico. The cost of putting
the building in condition and the
necessary furniture will coat in the
neighborhood of §1,500.
Dumping In tlie Channel
Thoae in charge of the dredger,
whioh iB ocoupied at present dredging
in front of the Royal City Mills
wharves, are dumping thoscow loadB of
debris obtained in the centro of the
river channel. The board of trado
havo objected, very properly, and, unless the scows are dumped elsewhere
immediately, will have a speoial meeting and forward thoir representations
to Ottawa on tho subject. There ia no
excuse for dumping this mud in thu
channel and it will not likely be persisted in.
 «> ■—
i Salmon Inthe Willamette.
.i, oousldei iliu best means of distributing the folders.
Aid. Curtia gave notice that at the
next meeting of the council he would
introduce a by-law to fiv the time and
place, and appoint returning oflicers
for taking the vote on the water worka
Aid. Curtis gavo notice that he
would introduce a by-law to define the
city warda.
Aid. Sonullar gavo notice that ho
would aak for an appropriation for the
fire company of §200.
Aid. Ewen gave notice that he would
aak for an appropriation of §1,500 for
placing the new civic offices in repair.
The council then adjourned.
Constable Carty had a busy time
this forenoon. A report oame from
the swamp that the notorious Charley
Stark was on the rampage, and thither
the constable proceoded and found
that Stark waa drunk and acting in a
very disorderly manner. He was taken
in charge and removed to the lookup.
Antonio Carol!, an Italian fiaherman,
instead of being at work, waa drunk,
and inclined to be quarrelsome. He,
also, was taken to the lockup.
An Indian woman named Rosie,
complained to Constable Carty thia
morning that she had been robbed of
a §5 bill and two ringa by an Italian
named Muriana. The oonatable went
in search of the thief and was succesa-
f ul in rinding him. A aearch of Muriana resulted in bringing the miaaing
rings to light, but the §5 had disappeared. When arrested the prisoner
had a bottle of whisky and several parcels of groceries in hia possession and
the presence of these goods probably
aocount for the absence of the money.
Death of Mr. Dingwall.
Mr. Wm. Dingwall, ex-M.P.P.,
died at Comox on Wednesday last of
heart affection. The deceased gentleman represented Comox district in
the provincial parliament from 1882
till 1880, boing a supporter of the
Smitho government. At the goneral
election of 1886 ho was defeated by
Mr. Stenhouse. When that gentleman resigned his ounstituency, Mr.
Dingwall again came forward as a candidate, but was defeated by Mr. T. B.
Humphroys The deceased waB a
gentleman of quiet und unassuming
habits, and while in parliament he was
popular with both Bides of the house.
He was groatly esteemed by the residents of the district, and hia doath will
bo greatly regretted by all who wore
acquainted with him. — Colonist.
A Itlch Taller.
Thoro ia no man in Britisli Columbia
who ia better acquainted with the
character of the oountry than Mr. JaB.
Orr, M, P. P. He haB been all over
it. The information, therefore, that
ho Rave tho House on Thursday night
tu tho offect that there was a valley lying betwoen the Columbia and Fraaer
rivers capable of supplying a million
peoplo, is entitled to some attention.
All it requires io railway connection to
mako it ono cf the moBt productive
portions of the Province. The refer
enco to the mattor oame up during the
discussion on tho Canadian Western Railway Land Subsidy bill, Mr.
Orr taking tho position that tho transfer of so much of the Provinco to private control was a matter which should
bo aubmitlod to tho poopio beforo being consummated.—Times.
About 1,000 settlers arrived at Win
nipeg Saturday. About 50 were ticketed through to tho cosst. The balanco remain in Manitoba and the
 » » •
T. J. Trapp advertises an auction
sale in this paper which ia important
to loggers, farmers, butchers and dairymen.
Wholesale and Ketail Druggists
Williamotte river, from Portland to
the falls at Oregon Oily, is awarming
with salmon, which have boon coming
np for the past month or ao, and being
'unable to pass the falls on account of
'low water, havo accumulated. In fivo
daya since tho season opened, over
5000 Balmon, tho largest and flnest
imaginable, have been receivod at
Portland, weighing 150,000 pounds.
The supply for the local market is
bought at 5 conts a pound, tho remainder being shipped to tho canneries down the Columbia. >
Sixteen inches of snow fell at Brunt-
ford, Ont., on Monday.
The Small llrlil* Act.
City council.
The council met last night at 8
o'clock for the transaotion of buainesB.
Present Aldermen Curtis, Ewen, Oalbick, Scoullar, Reid, McPhaden and
Hia worahip Mayor Hendry in the
From D. Chiaholm, M.P., Ottawa,
stating the government haa not yet
granted the Southern Railway aubsidy
also stating it would be a week before
he could be definitely informed on the
aubject.    Received and filed.
From the residents of Oolumbia and
Front, streets asking that the council
take immediate atepa to water
theae streets according to section 114
of tho municipalities  act.   Received,
Aid. Curtia gave notice that at the
next meeting of the council he would
introduce a atreet watering by-law.
From G. W. Grant aaking the established grade of sidewalk on Queen's
avenue between John and Douglas
streets; also asking permission to lay
building material on Queen's avenue.
Referred to the board of worka with
power to act.
The following acoounta were recommended for payment: '/,. S. Hall, §18 -
25; W. T. Cooksley, §140; A. J.
Smith, §15; Jas. Cunningham, §12;
Jas. M. Wise, §3; Royal Oity Planing Mills, §129.09.
The fire and light committee reported the following tenders had been reoeived for tho erection of the new fire
hall on Royal avenue: R. B. Bell,
§497; W. D. Purdy, §545; Wm. Turn-
bull, §515. Mr. Bell's contract was
recommended to be aocepted.
That the Gas Co'a bill for the month
of March be paid less 5 per oent.
Tho committee also reported that
the following tenders had been received for the building of the Begbie street
fire slip: G. W. Gilloy & Co., §190;
D. McDonald, §175; and recommended that Mr. McDonald's tender bo aocepted.   Report adopted.
The finance committee reportod that
the final arrangements with Messrs.
Koung & Terhune, concerning the
North Arm steamboat servico, had
been completed, and that tho steamer
Fairy Queen was now making daily
trips.   Report  adopted.
The report of the park committee
waa laid over.
The report of the committee on the
new civic offlcea was adopted and referred to the board of works to oall for
tenders for the completion of the
work. The architect's estimate of the
cost of the work is §1,430.
The council went into committee of
the whole on the water works by-law,
Aid. Calbick in the chair, and passed
it clause by clause.
Tho committee rose and repotted
the by-law complete with amendments.
Report adoptod.
On motion tiro by-law was ordered
to bo published in The Columiiian.
Aid. Curtis pointed out that undor
tho present aot a licensing board
could not be funned this yonr, iho date
(Feb. 1st.) on which tho liout. governor was to appoint two membors of
of the board having passed.
On motion the olerk was instructed
to request the lieut. governor to make
tho necessary appointment of commia-
On motion the board of worka waa
empowored to re'pair tho road leading-
from the Westminster   pottery.
Aid. Curtis thought it, absolutely
nocesaary that a legnl advisor fur the
ciiy bo appointed,
It wns agreed to discuss tho question
1 at the next meeting.
] Aid. Calbick called attention to,, the
; dnngorous "jumping oft" place on the
i sidewalk opposite Dr. Fagau'a roai-
i dunce.    Roforred   to  the   board   of
B. C. Provincial Exposition
Subscription Fund.
For the purpose of raising a fund to
contribute towards the patriotic and
worthy objeot of making the next annual provincial fair, to bo hold in this
city, a grand and unprecedented success,
the undersigned agree to contribute tho
suma opposite their respective names (to
be paid Into the association or to trustees
competent to receive the aamo, on or before 6 months from the date of the last
provincial exhibition, and to be applied
to preparing exhibition grounds and
buildings in the eity, for increasing the
amount offered in prises, and for furthering the exhibition in other ways):
The Columbian- S100 oo
Sharpe 4 Paine, Lulu Island  10 00
L P Eckstein  10 00
a D Brymner  20 00
R W Armstrong  10 00
FR Glover  10 00
Walker* Shadwell  10 00
Claud Hamber.  10 00
Peter Grant  10 00
George Turner  10 00
WJ Armstrong i.... SO 00
A. J Hill  10 00
Capt, A. Grant   10 00
18  Mncdoncll    10 00
W O Loye   10 00
P Bilodeau  10 00
V G Strickland  2* 00
Gilley Bros  20 00
SH Webb  25 oo
T Cunningham  30 00
Henderson Bros, Chilllwhack.   10 00
A B Wintemute   10 00
Per Ex-Mayor Diokinson 212 85
Annie M Jaques   10 00
Stewart A Cash   25 00
Jas Cunningham  50 00
Grants Hagstrom  20 00
J W Sexamith   80 00
Rev J H White  10 00
B Douglas 100 00
E S Scoullar & Co  55 OO
A DeaBrlsay    15 00
W C Coatham  25 00
T M Cunningham  25 00
A E Rand  25 00
Ackerman Bros       20 00
Reid * Currie   25 00
H T Read 4 Co   50 00
W H Thibaudeau  15 00
Next I
Application wns mndo to-day in the
supremo court by Mr. Hammersley,
for a rule nisi calling upon Polico Magistrate MncLonn, "f Vancouver, to show
ciitiau why a writ of prohibition (hould
not issuo in tho mattor of Phalen vs.
Bmvicko, a caae tried ln the small
debts' court at Vancouver, restraining
further proceedings therein. The constitutionality of the Small Debts Act
is attacked, It iB claimed that under
tho B. N. A. Act the powors of appointment of tho judiciary of tho different provinces rests solely with tho
Dominion govornmont, and that thoreforo tho act of this provinco is uifra
Hires. Tho Smnll Debts Act is a similar enactment to tho "Magistrates
Act," of Quoboo, which, aa is well
known, wub disallowed. Should it bo
deoided that the net is bad all tho small
debts courts of the provinco will bo
Joseph Douglas, nf Bollovillr', Out,
charged with bigamy, wns nent to the
penitentiary for two yearn,   Ho  had
married four women, all of whom   avo ] works,
living. j    A committee nf thi-eo was appointed
The pleasant effect and the perfect
safety with which ladies may use the
liquid fruit laxative, Syrup of Figs, nn
der all conditions make it their favorite
remedy. It is pleasing to the eye and to
the taste, gentle, yet effectual in acting
on the kidneys, liver and bowels.
Wholesale city Market.
Beet,     per 100 lbs. 14 60 9 5 50
Pork           "            7 509 8 50
Mutton       "            8 009 0 00
Potatoes      "            509     7S
Cabbage     "           50 a 100
Onions       "           1009150
Wheat        "           1609 0 00
Oats            "           1259 160
Peas           "           1609 2 00
Hay,       per ton    12 00 916 00
Butter (rolls) per It  0 289 0 35
Cheese,            "    0 149 0 15
Eggs,      perdoz  0 209    25
Cordwood (retain per curd  3 00 tit 4 00
Apples, per box  80 9 1 50
Hldes(gr'n)por 100 lbs  4 00 9 8 00
"    (dry)       "       -  5WI9 II00
Wool, perib  0 9    10
WSon Baby wu slok, wa gava bar Castoria,
Wlian »h« wai a Child, alio oriod for Castoria,
When ahe became Misa, ehe clang to Castoria,
Whan aha had Children, aba gavo them Cutoria
Persons wishing to improvo their
memories or atrengthen their power of
attention ahould Bend to Prof. Loisette,
237 Fifth Ave., N. if., for his prospectus post free, as adverted in
another column.
A Pleasing Sense of Health
and Strength Renewed, and
of Ease and Comfort
Follows tho uso of Syrup of Figs, as it
aots gently On the
Kidneys, Liver 0 Bowels
Effootually Cleansing tho Systom whon
Coativo or Bilious, Disponing
Colds, Headaches and Fevers
and permanently curing
without weakening or irritating tho organs on -which it nets.
For Bolo ln TBo bottlos by all Loading
HA** JFnASttflCC, CAIi..
'"'maviM,-*. Ky., Nhiv York. \- i
Dress andJancy Goods!
Including Tools of all kinds of the best makes; Cross-Oil! & "Sand-Saws,
Barbed Wire for Fencing, and all the necessary lltcnsils for Farming;
Pulley Blocks, Snatch Blocks, Rope & Chain in all sizes; Pitch,
Tar & Oakum; Tarred and Plain Paper for Building;; Paints & Oils
in all colors; Liquid Paints in all shades; Floor Paints ready touse; Grind
Stones) Wall Paper in all designs; Brooms <& Brushes for all purposes;
Lubricating Oils; Traps of all descriptions, and a general assortment of
Agricultural Implements,
tr Special attention given to orders by mail.
dwj'y.lto Columbia Street, New Westminster,
visited us on Tuesday the 26th
March for their very hearty appreciation of
our first Opening and Show Day, and trust
that they, as well as all others who were
unable to be present, will bear in mind the
fact that we keep the Largest, Freshest
and Best Selected Stock of Staple and
Fancy Dry Goods & House Furnishings
on the Mainland.
Our many Vancouver customers appreciate the fact that our prices are right,
as witnessed by their frequent visits to our
establishment. ,
We are always pleased to show our
Goods and quote prices.
gle, Campbell & Freeman;
Shingles, Shakes, Laths, Pickets,
Wood Furnishing for Canneries.
Doors.   Frames*   Windows,
Mouldings, Balusters,
Blinds. Brackets,
Bailings, Newels.
The Columbian Printing Establishment has first-class [acuities for
all kinds of Commercial Printing. Bill Heads. Letter Heads. Circulars,
Cards, Envelopes, Blank Forms of evory description, Posters, Dodgers,
Price Lists, AsO. Prices will be found ns low as at any otlier oflii>» where
first-class vorl< is done. ■?.■'.?;:'- -•'■-'-.■-'r*'"-.r-"»;"rjj:
Weekly British Columbian
-Wednesday Jlnmlng. April 10, 1889.
The bill incorporating the Canadian Western Railway Company,
about which there has been so much
talk and difference of opinion both
in and out of the houso, passed its
third reading in the provincial legislature on Monday. A clause was
inserted in the bill in committee to
the effect that work should be commenced on the proposed line
within three years and that
the road should bo completed
ivithin ten years from tho passing
of the bill. The bill gives the Western Oanadian Railway Company
power to construct, equip, and maintain a railway from a convenient
point on the eastern boundary of the
province to the northern terminus of
the Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway on Vancouver Island, via Yel-
lowhead Pass, Cariboo and Bute
Inlet; to construct and maintain
branch lines, Ac, and to receive a
certain grant of land from the province in aid of the proposed enterprise. The bill as passed does not
specify what the extent of the laud
subsidy shall be nor ns to the milliner of apportioning it. This will
be a matter for future consideration,
and it is to bo hoped that the interests of the province wjll not be
considered as secondary to those of
the railway company, either in the
extent of the proposed land grant,
or the conditions as to its apportionment, subsequent disposal to actual
settlers, &c. We do not go so far as
some of our cotemporaries in this
matter, and oppose the granting,
under any conditions, of a single
acre of land to the railway scheme
in question. While wo should oppose the idea of the province at
tempting to subsidize the Canadian
Western Railway out of tho public
treasury, we believe the circumstances are such that a land subsidy,
properly apportioned and limited in
the public interest, would be justified as an aid to the enterprise. The
projected road will go through a part
of the province almost a wilderness
at present, but portions of which, as
the Ohilcotin country are known to
be rich in agricultural and pastoral
resources, while the road would
almost certainly lead to large development of hitherto unopened mineral
wealth. The railway is the great
champion modern developer and
civilizer, and in no other way, so
speedily and cheaply, can the vast
tract which the railway will traverse
lie opened up and made available for
capital and population. It is expected by the promoters of the Canadian Western Railway that ultimately their road will form tho British Columbia section of another
transcontinental railway, the idea
being that the Grand Trunk will
make connection with the Canadian
Western somewhere about, the eastern boundary of tho provinco. Viotoria or Esquimalt, would be the
terminus of this new transcontinental line, and thus the long-cherished
island project for a railway by Bute
Inlet would lie fulfilled. Victoria
expects, of course, to reap the greatest benefit from this enterprise, but
that is no reason why the scheme
should be jealously opposed by other
sections of the province. On the
contrary, it should be considered on
its merits, and as affecting the prov-
_ ince. Viewing the mutter thus, we
believe that the Canadian Western
Railway Company is entitled to a
reasonable, properly conditioned,
land subsidy.
Natural gas is being so extensively employed in lighting and heating, observes an eastern cotemporary,
that in cities where large sums nre
being voted for appliances for its
utilization the public very seriously
debate the question of tho permanency of the supply. At Toledo,
Ohio, tho natural gas scheme, whioh
involves the laying of many miles of
piping to the gus fields, is expected
to require an expenditure of at least
two million dollars. A commission
at that city has been examining
evidence with a view to forming
somo conclusion as to whether or not
the gas supply is likely to be maintained snffioiently long to justify the
expenditure. But the commission
is unable to arrive at any definite
conclusion. No one knows how the
gas is formed, and no one can tell
•how long it, is likely to last. Thero
is a oomrnon impression that natural
gas is in some way a product of
petroleum. But the chemical facts
are against this idea, and besides,
the gas is found in the Trenton lime
stone, a lower stratum than the
petroleum-bearing shales. The gas
is supposed to have its, origin still
lower than the Trenton rocks, in
which it is stored in so great quan
tity. That the supply is inexhaustible is exceedingly unlikely, but it
may lie that the accumulation going
on for ages has been sufficient to
render exhaustion unlikely for several generations.  But even this sup-
Children Cryfor
position has little to warrant it, outside of somewhat doubtful analogies.
It is probable also that natural gas
is being constantly produced in the
depths of the earth, just as coal is
constantly formed. But tho process
would almost certainly be too slow
to meet demands were the original
accumulation exhausted. Be this
us it may, there is a good deal of
encouragement to investment in
natural gas schemes, in the fact that
some cities which have been using
the gas for many years have found
the flow rather increasing than
diminishing. The exhaustion of the
petroleum beds in some districts,
however, suggests the possibility
that gas likewise may flow for a
number of years and then cease.
As the Trenton limestone is found
on the surface in centra! Ontario
and for a long distance westward it
is found at no very great depth, it is
not unlikely that drilling for gas
will be attempted over an extensive
area in Ontario and the adjacent
states. While on the subject of
boring for natural gas, it would not
be amiss to inquire what has become
of the project talked of about a year
ngo, to bore a hole in the ground
somewhere on the townsite of Westminster, "to see what what could be
At the opening of the provincial
parliament, the lieutenant-governor
in his speech promised, among other
things, that the decision of the judicial committee of her majesty's privy
council in the matter of tho "Mineral's Case" would probably be laid
before the house ere the present session was concluded. As our readers know, this decision has come to
hand and was laid before the house
on Wednesday. This was one of
the "oysters" promised the assembly
by his honor, and a very juicy
mouthful it proves to be. The judgment of the highest court in the
empire has been cast unreservedly
in favor of the province in this important matter as against the Dominion, without a cent of costs to
the former, and another score is made
for provincial rights. The case was
un appeal on the part of the provincial government from the decision of
the supreme court of Canada, and
tho matter in dispute was the ownership of the precious metals in the
Canadian Pacific Railway belt in
British Oolumbia. The British privy
council have reversed the judgment
of the Dominion court and decided
-that all the silver and the gold iii
the rail wuy belt belong to this province instead of to the Dominion,
affirming the principle that the
precious metals are not conveyed
with the lands when sold or transferred. The result, of this very satisfactory decision will bo a decided
stimulus to prospecting and mining
throughout the province, as the provincial regulations controlling mining are much more favorable to the
developer of tho mineral wealth of
the province than aro those of the
Dominion. The provincial government, and the attorney-general particularly, are deserving of credit for
tlieir plucky and successful fight for
provincial rights as involved in this
very important case. How many
vexed and momentous questions has
not the British privy council amicably and justly settled since confederation, botween the federal and provincial authorities of the Dominion"
Who will say that our connection
with the "old land" is of merely
sentimental value 1
Vancouver doesn't altogether like
the prospect of the benefits that are
likely to accrue to the "sad, sud city
by the straits" from the construction
and ultimate completion of the projected Canadian Western Railway,
incorporated in the local parliament
tho other day. The board of trade
of the "salt water terminus" passed
a resolution at a recent meeting protesting against a land subsidy of uny
extent being granted the railway
scheme in question, A counter
move to the "Canadian Western"
has, however, been deemed expedient, and, according to the World
of Thursday the "terminal city"
calls "check 1" on its island rival in
this way: "It is understood that
some local capitalists intend making
application to the local government
for a charter to build a road from
Vancouver, across Burrard Inlet at
the Second Narrows to Seymour
Creek, along Seymour Creek to the
Daisy Lake, Squamish River, from
thenco through the Lillooet and Ohilcotin country to Cariboo. The route
has, we are led to understand,
already been surveyed and declared
to be not only feasible but surrounded with rich mineral and pastoral
lands. If such a road is built it is
certain to bring Vancouver in very
close connection with the rich mineral country lying between Burrard
Inlet and Cariboo, such as tho Ohilcotin plains, in which there is to bo
found some excellent land for arable
as well as grazing purposes. The
section through which this line is to
Pitcher's Castoria.
pass is known to be a heavily timbered one and is also very rich in its
mineral deposits. It is to be hoped
the projectors will bring on this
scheme so as to tap the Oanadion
Western Pacific somewhere in the
Cariboo district. The completion
will prove a valuable feeder to Vancouver's trade." Hurrah for the
railway age, wo say. British Oolumbia wili soon be able to challenge
comparison with the more populous
of the eastern states and provinces,
with their veritable network of rail
ways. If all these roads can be
built without unduly drawing upon
the public treasury or domain, the
public will be so much ahead, lt
will be the duty of our legislators to
look out for the public interests,
while conceding fair encouragement
to worthy schemes.
At a recent meeting of the Manchester geological society, Mr. Thos.
Oldham road a paper on "The cause
of earthquakes, of dislocation and
overlapping of strata, and of similar
phenomena." The author said this
was a subject which had caused
much perplexity and doubt in the
minds of many eminent geologists,
in endeavoring to account for the
cause of some of the greatest phenomena in nature continually taking
place. These wero the cause of
earthquakes, the dislocation and
overlapping of strata, and the submerging and upheaval of continents,
ke. The hypothesis he intended to
submit was based upon purely physical laws, and he had often felt
surprised that such views hud uot
previously been promulgated. He
must premise by stating it had been
ascertained that this globe is about
nine miles smaller in diameter at
the poles than at the equator; in
the next place, it was known that
the globe rotates on its axis at about
26,000 miles every twenty-four
hours, which is nearly equal to the
speed of a cannon ball, Another
thing that had been ascertained was
that the axis of the globe is gradually altering by becoming more
oblique, and that it requires about
39,000 years before this alteration
arrives at its maximum. When they
took into consideration the great
velocity at which the globe rotates,
it was evident that a large amount
of centrifugal force must be exerted,
and as Nature never did anything
without a motive, it would be seen
that this force is the cause of the
globe being nine miles different at
the equator and the poles, As tho
axis got gradually more oblique, so
the direction of the equator would
alter. It is supposed that the crust
of the earth is only about fifteen or
sixteen miles in thickness, and below
that distance there is a mass of incandescent minerals. This has been
proved, in ono way by mining, where
they find in sinking the first 1,000
feet the temperature rises very considerably, and becomes greater as
they get lower. In order to bring
these things practically before them,
ho would suppose a model to be
made to represent the globe in
exactly the same proportions as they
stood toward each other, and for
this purpose he would take a mass
of some plastic material, say potter's
clay, of sufficient consistency to allow
of its being formed into a sphere of
about 8 feet in diameter; he would
then pass an iron rod through it, and
connect the whole with a steam
engine to obtain the required motion,
if they gradually raise one end of
the axis, tho equator would get more
oblique, and more toward the north
or south as the case might be. It is
known that centrifugal force acts
not only at right angles to the earth,
but has also a lateral motion. Astronomers told them that the deviation of the axis arrives at its maximum every 39,000 years, so that
consequently tho south pole, when
the climax occurs, would occupy the
place where the north pole is now.
It was supposed that the lust great
climax wus a glacial ono, and thero
are plenty of evidences to prove
this. In the river Amazon, which
is now exactly on tho equator, thero
are many evidences of glaciers, and
in like manner these are also come
across in northern latitudes. When
they looked upon the human life in
comparison with geological ages, the
life of a man seomed but nn atom,
and their historical records only
went back 2,000 years, anything
further being purely legendary, lt
was supposed that at one time the
spaces now occupied by the Atlantic
and Pacific Oceans were large continents, and when naturalists go up
mountains, they frequently come
across beautiful specimens of conch-
ology which could only havo got
there by the upheaval of oceans.
These changes, the author concluded,
were the source of much perplexity
to geologists, and were of great
Tiik Blood isthkLii'E.—Anil on its
purity largely depends the general health.
No one is froo from dangor, anil nine*
tenths of Immunity actually do snffor
from ono form or other of impure blood.
No ono remedy hits such a wirlo rnnuo of
curative power art has Burdock Blood
Bitters—thnt best of all blood purifiers
and tonics.
(From Daily Columbian, April 3.)
Warm and beautiful weather.
Seven carloads of prime cattlo arrived from the interior last ovening.
Aokerman Bros, start the 2nd $1000
with $20. Fifty more $20's will do it.
We've got our oyo on "Next."
Mud-slides near Kamloops have
been the causo of delaying tho trains
for tho last few days. They wero not
of a very serious nature.
The work of grading the lino of the
Southern Railway is proceeding steadily. Mr. Leainy says he will increase
his forco of men this woek.
At the police court this morning a
plain and penitent drunk wns allowed
to go "Scott free," on a promise that
ho would keep sober in future and try
to become a good and worthy citizen.
During tho month of March the
total amount of conl shipped to foreign
ports from Nanaimo was 29,966 tons ;
the number of coal laden vessels wus
20, 6 being laden with Wellington coal;
12 with Vancouvor coal, and 2 with
East Wellington.
R. G. Dun & Co's mercantile agoncy
reports that charges on incoming
freights to Spokano Falls ovor tlie
Northern Pacific for last year amounted to $1,600,000. Tho agency estimates the jobbing trade for lho same
period at $8,000,000.
It was intended to commence putting the Vancouver Rifle Association's
range in' order to-day. Tho Vancouver Riflo Association has a largely
increasing membership and bids fair to
becomo the best organization of the
kind inthe Province.—World,April2.
The Vancouver Y.M.C.A. have
commenced tho publication of the
Monthly Review, a very creditable 16-
page little paper, in magazine farm,
devoted to Y.M.C.A. interests, and
primarly to tho work in Vancouver.
Li H. Wright is business mummer,
G. A. Charnock editor. The lirst
number was issued in March.
James J. Norton, one of the firemen of the str. Walla Walla, was arrested on the arrival of the vessel at
Seattlo on Friday, oil a charge of
smuggling opium. Ten livo-tael cans,
or five pounds of prepared opium,were
found on his pirson. Norton was
taken boforo Oomminsioner C. D.
Emery and pleaded guilty to smuggling opium from Victoria.
The news from tho north is not very
plentiful, as at this season of the year
operations aro about beginning and
miners are outfitting for their next
tramp. All the Cassiar miners who
went up on the last steamer are still at
Wrangel, rivor bound, and will have
to wait until the ico breaks up, Mr.
M. J. Daira, the fur buyer, made the
round trip to Sitka and back.
The Wnrid aays that: F. G. Richards, jr., Victoria's real estate rustler,
has adopted a very satisfactory method
of furnishing intending customers with
an accurate description nf buildings
and landa for sale, or to let, or lease.
Mr. Beaumont Boggs photographs
every pieco of property now handled
by the firm, and the photographs are
exhibited in the real estate office.
Upwards of fifty spectators were in
attendance nt the Skating Rink last
evening, to witness the opening of the
four days' walking match. The pedestrians wero there, but before they
started on tho track, Shade who won
the iun mile race on Saturday uight,
demanded to seo the prize money.
This the management either could not
or would not show, nnd the event Hz
zled, tho pedestrians leaving without
ono having Bot foot on tho track.—Colonist.
Fathbr Had Quinsy.—"We find Burdock Blood Bitters excellent for weakness, and equally so for headache.
Father also suffered severely from quinsy,
wliich 11. B. B., by its tonic and purify-
ing properties, completely cured."
Heal Kstnlc Advances.
Real estato continues on the rise
and thore is no sign of abatement in
tho upward tendency of prices. A
samplo incident is tu hand. On March
26th a block containing 32 lots, situated on tho Nortii Arm road, was bnught
from Mr. J. G. Jaques for $3,000.
The last lot in tho block wus sold yes'
terday, the whole transaction netting
tho buyers a profit of $1,800 This is
a pretty good showing for one week,
but many other instances could bo cited of similar ndvancos. Outside buy-
ors nre on the increase and much property is being picked up by them.
A Kiht <'mir.se Reserve.
There is a movement now on foot
to muko application to tho government
for the reserve of 400 ncres sot aside
many years ago for a race course. Tho
rosorve is situated hnlf wuy between
this city and Vnncouvor, and tho conditions under wliich it was set apart
waa that it Bhould bu jointly managed
by tho two cities. As tho people of
Vancouver uro as much interested in
this matter ns the people of the Royal
City, thoy will b» as'.ied to co-operate
iu having the transfer made ovor to u
trust. This is ulso a niatter tho British Columbia jockey club should take
in hand.
 . . .	
1-litnls and Flower*.
In another column will be found an
advertisement that will interest all
lovers of flowers. Mr. P. Latham,
who has had many years' experience
as a florist in Toronto, Ont., announces
that he has established green-houses
on Douglas streot, whero ho hns a
grant variety of plants and flowors for
salo cheap; also cut flowers for Bale.
Mr. Latham's eutorpriso will bo appreciated by tho hidieB particularly,
who havo a natural affinity for tho
beautiful iii nature, and wo predict
that his greon-houses will prove a buc-
cess in evory respect, to which they
are entitled.
llieI''(iM;r',S Notes.
The examinations into the charges
against J. King, R. J. McNeill, Walter Moore and Garrett Mooro, in connection with tho passing of counterfeit notes, was continued this morning before the police magistrate. Tho
evidence adduced wits considered sufficiently strong against McNeill to
warrant sending him up for trial,
which was accordingly ordered. Tho
other cases were further remanded till
Saturday when it is expected they will
be finally disposed of. These cases
are rather intricate and it is difficult to
ascertain to what extent the accused
are implicated.
Increased Travel.
Evory dny is adding largely to our
population, and the number of transient visitors is also largely on the increase. The hotels are crowded with
guests and it is often a difficult matter to find aceomadation for all applicants. Whon thu Queens hotel is opened the strain will bo somewhat relieved, but this will hardly meet all the
requirements if the present rush of tra-
vol continues. Tho register of the
Colonial hotel daily shows the arrival
of people from all parts of the continent and many from tho old country,
which is the best evidence that Westminster is becoming widely and favorably known.
The Siincrlnlciiilcut's Visit
S. D. Pope B.A , superintendent uf
education, who arrived in this city
this morning,' visited the public und
high Bchoola during the day, examining the pupils of each division in several branches cf study. Ho expressed
himself well satisfied with the progress
mado by tho pupils in ull the departments since his lust visit, and complimented the touchers on tho depnrtment of those under their charge, and
the genoral goud order . of the schools.
Before leaving lho eity Mr. Popo inspected the site selected for the proposed new selinrrl house in the west
end of tho city, and expressed himself
well pleased with the situation.
May Day Festivities.
An enthusiastic meotingnf the Hyack
Fire company was hold nt the Hyack
Hall last night, about 50 members being present. The May Day festivities
came in for a fair share of the discussion of the ovening. It was definitely
decided that the celebration should
come off us usual, but on a much
grander scale than for mnny years past.
Every possible effort will be put forward to make the occasion both popular and attractive, and a grand dance
for the children at Herrings Opera
House will conclude tho pleasures of
the day. A committoe hns boen appointed to cotnpleie arrangements and
make the necessary preparations for
tho celebration. The citizens will be
asked to snbseribo so that the usual
fruit and confections can be provided
for tho children, nnd it, is to be hoped
they will "come down" liberally. A
committee wns nlso appointed to order
new uniforms, nnd the Hyacks may be
depended on to make a handsome
The Dredger Arrives.
The government dredger anil four
scows arrived from Victoria this morning in tow of the tugs, Belle and Princess. The convoy left Victoria at
noon yesterday and reached Plumper's
Pass about 8 o'clock, where anchor
was dropped for the night. Tlio gulf
was safely crossed and port was reached about 10 o'clock this morning.
Capt. Dexter snys he will be rendy to
commence dredging in a couplo of dnys,
or as Boon as the new dumping shines
nre rigged. Mr. Gamble, the government engineer, is expected lo arrive
to-morrow uud will lay out the worn to
bo done. The dredger ia so arranged
as to be able to load two scows ut the
Bame time, and the work may .be expected to bo rappidly accomplished
providing the harbor muster does not
locate tlio dumping ground too far
from tho scene of operations. Capt.
Dexter says the dredger oan removo
600 cubic yards of earth daily, if all
things are favorable. The tug Princess comes as tender to the dredger,
and her duty will bu tn tow the bcows
lo iho dumping ground and back.
The Scaling Fieri.
Tlio soaling schooner Walter L.
Rich, Oapt. H. F. Siewurd, arrived
from the settling grounds on Sunday
with 479 senl skins. The schooner
sailed from Drake's bay for tho sealing grounds on February 18th. On
March 15th spoke i ho schooner Pen-
dope with 136 seal skins. The Theresa waa spoken on llie 10th ult. with
185 skins. On Mnrch 25th spoko the
schooner Annie C. Monro, Capt. liac-
kett, with 185 skins. Oapt, Harriett
reported having spoken thu Path Under and Viva, tho former with 185 skins
and the latter with 285. The Mollie
Adams wna spoken on the 20th ult.
with 500. On the 26th ult. spoke tho
Ariel, Capt. Backnam, with 185 skins.
Tho Mary Ellen, Capt. Alex. McLean,
eight days from San Francisco, was
spoken on tho 20th ult. with nine
skins. Capt. MoLean reported the
arrival of the Maggie Mao in San
Francisco with 150 skins. The wen-
ther during tho month of February
and until the middle of March was
fine, Since March 16th the woather
was more or less boisterous, with rain.
 .———• —    '
The Save Plan.—When auflbreriug
from a trouhlosomo cold, a hnckiug
cough, hoarseness, nstliina, bronchitis, or
othor forms of throat or lung troubles, is
to uso Hogyard'n I'octoral Balsam to
loosen the phlegm and soothe and heal
tho inflamed macous surfaces. It cures
where others fail.
Absolutely Pure.
This powder never varies. A marvel of
purity, strength andwholesomeness. More
economical Mum tlie ordinary kinds, and
cannot tie sold In competition with the
multitude of low test, short, weight alum
or phosphate powders. Sold onlyin cans,
Royal Baking Powder Co., 106 Wall St.,
NewYorK. 3fely
Corbett & Kennedy,
*W* -A. JS 33.
Front Street,   -   New Westminster,
above line, we respectfully solicit a
share of tho trade, anil trust by careful
attention lo orders and mou crate charges
to merit the same. Experienced workmen; satisfaction guaranteed.
Estimates furnished forQatvanlzed Iron
Cornice, Hoofing, Plumbing, Gas-fitting,
Steam and Hot water Heating, &c.
tt»" Entrance Io premises on Mary St.,
in roar of Bank of B. O. dwmhOto
I^Oveb fi.OOQ.OOO people bellovii thnt ft
'i'i    pays best tn buy s-wdfl
-est ond moet reliable house, or.il they use
o! th-3 largest and most
B.K.FERR7A f0 r.ro
Mkuonlodged id l,o Ibe
'Mrgest Saasmeti
In the worki.
For 1880
_ to all iipplici! n i ;t, and
Y to tat- war's oust ornom
withont orderu-Lg it. Invalu.
abletoalt, E-rerynor-sonUBinj
-jldor'Flo      "    "
 i for it. .	
D.M. FERRY 8> CO., Windsor, Oot
• lauKtuea.     lihorililKiirHorlt Aildrcj.
imuel lellard,
ttt'nlcr In Cutlery, EiirUieinvarc,
Hooks, Stationery und Medicines,
Land Agent, Conveyancer, and
Notary Public.
Agent for "The Columbian."
Post Offlco Address, Chilliwhaok.
Baok of Montreal.
CAPITAL (all paid up),  • $13,000,000
RUST,       -       ■       ■       6,000,000
Head Office, - Montreal.
SIB D. A. Ml ITH, K. C. M. O.-Presldout.
(i. A. DBTJM MOND, Eso..-Vloe-Prosldent
W.J. BUCIIIANAN-Geitorul Munnger,
HAV I*    Hll l.N't'I IRS    IN    LONDON,
Enir.i Nkw York, Chicago, and Inall
tlie principal cities unit towns in Cirluula,
Intoreht allowed on special deposits.
Manager, Vancouver.
Sou-Agent, Now Westminister.
Reduced Prices!
Opp. Colonial Hotel
CoLUJiiiu St.;   •   Nkw Westminster.
UwinhStto I; Weekly British Columbian
L      Wednesday Jliirnlim, April 10,
(From Daily Columbian, April 4.)
A blank sheet at tho police coutt today.
An Ottawa despatch of a  lato  date
states that Mr. Chisholm,   M. P., lins
boen very unwoll for the past few days.
.       The schooner Margaret L.,   of  the
'.  port of  Halifax, bound  for Trinidad
', and Boston, was  abandoned  at  sea.
t. The orew wero saved.
The Park, which a few   weeks  ago
[,  was a tangled wood, now  presents  a
moro civilized appearance.   The clearing is being well and rapidly accomplished.
Tront fishing is reported to  be  excellent in all the oreeks and  rivers
emptying into the Fraaer.   Aa yet
very little fishing has been  dono, ex-
[, cept by the Indians.
Mr. Max. Mowat depositod 350,000
|i,i salmon fry in Silver creek, near the
"Mission, yesterday. Only 100,000 fry
j remain in the hatchery, and these will
„T)e released next week.
, To-day was tho warmest of the sea-
J*.. son. The thermometer registered 70°
l*' in the shade. The barometer registered 29.60 and is still falling, which
Oapt. Peele considers a sign of an mill pending storm.
I Work is progressing favorably  on
' the foundation for Mr.   Sheriff Armstrong's new block.   When this fine
building is completed   there  will  be
. some handsome stores to let,  that is,
||c if they aro not all spoken  for beforo
that date.
The little Chinese  girl Chou Ohoy,
,„ who has just escaped frorti the  hands
H of the procuress, Kook Kai, through
the strong arm of the law, was  taken
over to Victoria by  Miss  Bowes,  of
I), the W. 0. T. U., to-dny, to be placed
If in the home of'rofuge in that city.
'   Yesterday's World.
The exhibition fund still grows
larger, and, in fact, begins to boom.
The latest subscription is $25 from the
enterprising carriagemakers, Messrs
Reid & Ourrie. Thero are still 60
more business men to hear from, so
| ■ hurry up and ahow the farmers we are
,. going to give them nn exhibition worth
Mr. James Punch, Reeve of Surrey,
and Councillor Armstrong, the delegation sent from Surrey tn interview
the government on important matters,
jretnrned from tlio capital yesterday.
1 Tho delegation waa cordially received
by the Provincial Secretary, ond, it is
II understood, tho interview was quite
A Cuius Fon Lumbago.—That painful
I' complaint can bo quickly cured by the
• right remedy.   Miss Mary Jano Oould,
-. of Stoney Creek,  Ont.,   says: "I waa
|  troubled with lumbago, and could not
get relief until I used llagyard'a Yellow
' Oil, ono bottlo of which cured me entire-
F .
The Oolachan Hun.
W.   H.    Vionen'a   aurmise    that
oolachans would bo found in the river
", this week has proved  to  be  correct.
A net was put out ior a  little  while
last night and one  haul  resulted   in
landing some 50 lbs of these delicious
little lish.   lt   is expected   another
week will see  the  oolachan  run
full blast.   Tho Indians are beginning
to  catch their   annual    supply    of
"sweevies" and  are  purchasing  old
\ nets for the purpose,  whicli is rather
p an improvement on the old fashioned
way of catching the (ish   with   spiked
\ poles,   The oulachans  aro  nearly  a
1 month earlier  this  year  than  over
The Norlh Arm Service.
The str. Fairy Queen went down to
If tho North Arm this afternoon out! to-
I morrow morning begins her regular
.trips, as por contract, betweon that
.'settlement and Westminstor. Tho
I 'Steamer will make her headquarters at
lithe Nortii Arm, loaving there every
ijnurning (Sunday excepted) for West-
'minster. She will remain at her
| wharf (Austin's) at least threo hours,
I and probublylongor, giving the farmors
j; ample timo to dispose of their produco
i and do thoir shopping round town.
1 The inauguration of this service means
5 the return of a large trade which has
' latterly been forced into another clian-
!nel. Westminster is the natural business centro fur all the valley of tho
lower Fruser, hut, ns in tho case of lho
Nortii Arm, nature's advantages will
only bo of use to us in future when
: backed up by liberality and entorpriso
I such as has been displayed in connoc
Vtion with tho establishment of tho
[daily steamer service to tho North
"Arm settlement.
The B-rovhirliil   Miim-iiui.
Mr.  John Fannin,  curator   of   tliu
Provincial Museum, has just liuislied
Inouniing two very lino specimens of
Britisli Columbia animals. One uf
hem is a line female elk, which stands
iver live feet in height, and eight feet
n length This animal was shot at
Domox by Mr, M. King, und lho skin
ireseiitod to the museum. It will
brm a very attractive feature of lhe
lolloction. The othor animal is a curi-
>ou, whieh is larger, if anything, than
he elk, having magnificent spreading
lorns as well. This beast was killed
it Revolstoko, and purchased by tho
govornmont for the museum, and is a
■ery valuable addition to tho already
argo collection, Mr. Fannin is very
msy just now gotting the things in
hup'j to tako possession of tho old
uprnnui court room, which has been
:onverted for llm tisa of the museum.
3o expects to hnvo it nil in iciiiliiicss
»y tho middle of May, and it is io hu
loped ho will, us tliu collection of
hiiusitiiiln of curious and Ititci usling
I'tliings will he a great attraction to
-'Lights ami shades."
Rev. Mr. White's lecture last night
in tho Oddfellow's Hall, under the auspices of tlie W. C. T. U. proved Buch
an attraction that the room was filled
to overflowing.   Mayor Hendry occupied tho chair and prefaced the programme with some pleasant introductory remarks.   After several musical
selections, Rev. Mr. White was introduced and opened tire forthwith.   He
said :   "Oity building is a very ancient
tin.   Though doubtless the first tendency of population was to diffuse itself,
yot in early times the aggregative principle in human nature would assert itself and tho necessity for mutual protection would lead to the selection of
places easily fortified.   And thus cities
were built.   As time went on, and the
population increased, the walled portion of  the  city would   become  too
small and the surplus population would
be gradually forced outside the walls.
The peculiar conditions of city life nl-
ways afford an interesting subjoct of
study.   The massing of tr.cn emphasizes good  and  bad  qualities.   Cities
have produced some of the grandest
men and women ever mentioned  in
history, and yet the same cities develop
the most corrupt uud degraded types of
humanity.   Perhaps it  is  significant
that the first city mentioned in the
bible was built by Gain, and Sodom is
the  first city  desoribed.   Tho  rapid
growth of cities in late days is attracting attention, and tho absorbing questions are good government and evangelization.   Forces are at work which
threaten tho gravest danger if not controlled.   This is a map of the site of a
city (pointing to a beautiful map on
which was markedevery church, saloon,
etc., in the city) possessing more than
ordinary natural advantages.    It was
seleotod by Col. Moody in 1858 as the
capital of the colony j and in many respects the choice was wiso.   It has the
advantage of Southorn exposure, unfailing water supply, fisheries, timber,
a magnificent rivor, surrounding agricultural  country,   railroad  facilities,
steamboat lines, eto.    Then wo have
churches, schools, all sorts of manufacturing establishments, even down to
saloons and breweries.   Atthe Toronto
exhibition last year the only exhibit
marked from New Westminster was a
couple of bottles of beer.    What would
the visitors to the exhibition think of
a city which only sent some beer to
compete for the place of honor.    That
wob not an advertisement such as we
might be proud of.   The products of
thu saloons are "hummers" and Ihey
turn out a large number of this class.
I think tho agricultural society should
offer prizes for the most complete bummers ; and if it did some of the men
now in this hall would stand a splendid
chance of obtaining first place.   We
are a progressive people and  we have
an energetic, wide awake council, and
nothing but criminal negligence can
dim the brightness of our future  or
mar our glorious destiny.    Much depends on the action taken  now ;  our
character is forming, nnd cities have
characters aa well as individuals.   This
city   is    dignified   and    ataid.     If
we got excited  it  is in  a  dignified
way; and wo aro noted as the most religious people in Britiah Columbia and
nre rather proud of it.   Our  church
accomadation is large, membership active, and our pastors genial and  faithful, shedding light nn many  a  home,
Our educational institutions nre efficient and of inestimable value  to  the
city.   Our press is equal lo any in tho
province, thoroughly independent and
usually taking au onlightened and progressive view of publio  matters,  and
fully abreast of thu age.   The saloons
are a cancer on tlie face  of  our  fair
city, marring its beauty and poisoning
the very lifo blood of  society.   They
are just what the devil wants and  yet
they can be easily wiped out   by  the
city couucil,   which  has  full  power.
Temperance people refuse a  compromise in any way with saloons; it  is  a
war of extermination and that war will
go on till the work is accomplished.   1
chnrgo the saloons with degrading and
debauching the young men of our oity.
It is not tho "old toughs"   who   keep
the saloons going, it is the young men,
and whut effect it hus on them.   Even
our boys aro being depraved, wo havo
the testimony of our city city officials
for this, and it must be stopped. There
is many a homo in thia oity now being
wrecked by drink.   It was  only lust
week a young wife in this city attempted to drown herself and her child owing to hor husband having taken drink
and neglecting  his  home,   wife  uud
children.   Tt is woll known where the
police look for criminals, and it is certainly not ill our churches.    Go up   to
the jail and ask  the  prisoner?   what
brought them there.   You  will  find
tho answer in almost every  caso  will
show that whisky hud something to do
with it.   It is impossible to outer  the
ciiy without running the  gauntlet  of
two or throo saloons-thu entrances uro
ill! guarded.    Wo call   fnr   the   suppression of the  traflic.   The  council
lias full control under the new charter
to restrict the trade or stop itultnguth-
er-and   they will do it   if  convinced
llie people want it,
Tlio speaker concluded his interesting lecture hy making a powerful appeal to parents to gunrd thoir children
ugainst tho drinking habit, and advised, us tho only sure means, the total
restrict ion of tho liquor trade.
Very   frivui-jilile   ttcports    from    lhc.
I'litccl' nml (gnarly. Mines
Nenr Llllnot-t.
Mr. C. H. Walworth returned from
Lillooet tho other day, and gave a
very favorable account of the mining
operations and prospects on Cayoosh
creek to a representative of this paper.
Mr Walworth spent somo time last
year prospecting, on the creek, and
went up about two weeks ago to locate
claims for himself and others. The
appearances are considerably better
than they were Inst year, and Mr.
Walworth located three quartz ledges,
of 1500 foet each, for himself, J. H.
Fell, 0. E., and Chief Stewart, of
Vancouver, named respectively the
Crown Point, Westminster, and Vancouver ledges. The Crown Point
lodge adjoins the famous Bonanza
locution, and it is uuderstood that the
company owning the latter will put in
a quartz mill almost immediatly.
While in Vancouver, the other day,
Mr. Walworth Bold '500 feet of his
claim to Messrs. Boss and Ccperely
for $500, and could Bell all the claims
he has located at the same rates. The
placer bars further down the creek
are paying very well, us high as
$600 a day having been taken
out recently by six men. Mr. Walworth himself secured a $3 nugget,
which is a very handsome bit of the
"precious," from two random shovela
of dirt which he washed. A good
many Chinamen have been mining on
tho creek, but they are being replaced
by white men, who are securing the
claims. It is expected that a steamer,
wliich will be imported for the purpose
in sections, over the 0. P. R., will
shortly be put on the route between
Lytton and Lillooet—a distance of 42
miles—when the trip will be made in
ten hours, a great improvement and
convenience over tho present difficult
and roundabout route to the minei.
Mr. Walworth will return to Cayoosh
Creek in a fow daya and intends immediately to do the required assessment work on the three claims, which
have been consolidated fcr the purpose. A lively season is expected at
Lillooet and vicinity.
There is ,i reign of terror in Capn
Breton, N. S.j ovor tiio enforcement
of the Scott Act. A fow nights ago
George K. McKuen, an native toni
porunco mini, was beatou on the public
struotB, nnd lust night his barn was
burned. The prosecution wus conducted in tho niiinu of the town clerk,
nud T'lO'ilay night a bomb was thrown
at this building to set it on liro
Tlie provincial aov'urilllioiit of Quebec liftH issued returns showing that
j the population in' the priii'lnoe, ox-
I elusive of Montreil, ban I'ooronsi'il
j 230,840 in llvo veur.'i. The falling off
j was caused by Fiench-Cuunilirins leav
j ing for thu New Kuglniiil Slates.
A Frightened Mother.—"My little
girl 4 years old, frightened me one night
by a croupy cougli, but I gave her a dose
of Hagyard's Yellow Oil, whicli rolieved
hor at once, and she slept well all night.
I have since used it in several cases of
croup, frost bites, etc., and find it always
reliable. Mrs. Eva Bradloy, Virden,
The   V.1II.C.A.
Suitor Columbian,—Kindly allow me
space to say that I regret exceedingly
having omitted to mention last evening,
among the institutions of which thia city
has reason to bo proud, the Y.M.C.A.
Several references to this organization
ocourred in my notes, and their rooms
were marked ou the map; but owing to
the light not being very good on the platform the notes were of little service, and
in the hurry of speaking and the fear of
exceeding tho timo allotted to the lecture
the references woro not made. The
Y.M.C.A. is doing a noble work, whicli
is very much needed in this city, and
now that it is more thoroughly organized
and has the advantage of tlio services of
a general secretary it should be numbered
among the forces which will aid in counteracting tho evil influences spoken of,
and is entitled to the hearty support of
nil who tako an intorest in the moral
welfare of tho city.       J. H. White.
A Melhoillst Deputation.
An important delegation waited on
the Canadian premier at Earnscliffe
lust night in reference to Indian matters in British Columbia. The delegation consisted of Rov. Dr. Carman,
general superintendent of the Methodist Church in Canada; Rev. Dr.
Sutherland, missionary secretary ;Rev.
Thos. Crosby, missionary nt Fort Sim-
son, British Columbia ; Rev. W. W.
Carson, Ottawa ; J. J. McLaren, Q. C.,
Toronto. Hon. Mr. Dowdney was
present, as also was Indian Superintendent O'Reilly, of British Columbia.
Senator John Macdonald and Messrs.
Guillet, Freeman, Wilson (Lennox)
and Wood (Westmoreland), M. P.'s, accompanied tho delegation. Drs. Carman and Sutherland and liev. Mr.
Crosby and Mr. McLaren combatted
the charges made by departmental
officials that the Methodist ministers
in British Columbia hud incited the Indians of tho Pacific coast to claim certain land rights in tho province to
whicli ihey wero not entitled. Official
records nud reports of different governors and commissioners were cited to
show that the Indians claimed the
lands in queslioii long before the first
Methodist missionary commenced oper-
ntioiui in British Columbia. They also
charged that-the ddpai-tiiiontiil officials
in British Columbia lind shown open
partiality in favor of Bishop Ridley
as against the Methodists. Certain
■mint's dealing with lhe title of the
Methodist Indians were also mentioned. Sir John Miicilnwild, replying to
the delegation, naked thut he be furnished with a statement in writing of
tho points submitted for his consideration, As regards tlie Indian title to
the lands mentioned, he said that was
a matter resting, under the recent decision of tho Privy Council, entirely
with the Provincial Government, although the British Columbia Government did not recognize, the Indian titlo
nt all. He promised to have ihu differ-
out points osrefully limkqd int" with a
view lo having tlie rlillieuliy removed.
Mrs. Johnson, uf Winnipeg, is suing
a beardless young man', named Anderson. Fm-91.00Q damage-, for alleged
bivntih ,,i promise of marriage.
Children Cryfor
(From  Daily Columbian, April 5.)
A clean sheet at the police court today.
The dredger commenced work to-
A refreshing shower of rain fell laat
The salmon run yesterday and today was better than usual. Many of
the boats brought in from 12 to 16
beautiful fish.
Foreman Forest has his gang of
men hard at work repairing the Columbia streot sidewalk. In many
places tbo sidewalks require to bo entirely renewed.
The unsightly hole on Columbia
street, opposite the postoffiee, should
be filled up. It is liable to cause a
serious accident at any moment to
passing vehicles.
The following towns and counties in
Ontario repealed the Scott Act to-day :
Guelph, Carleton, Brant, Lennox and
Addington, Lincoln, Fmntenac, Kent
and also Colchester, N. S.
H.M.S. Swiftsure, flagship of tho
Pacific squadron, arrived at San Francisco from Panama on Tuesday morning. After remaining in that port a
fow days she will sail for Esquimalt.
The steamship Parthia, of the OP.
R, line, arrived in Vancouver at 7
o'elook from China and Japan. She
brings a full cargo of tea and Chinese
merchandise, and a large list of passengers.
All sorts of rumors are flying round
town concerning Mr. Bole's appointment to the county court judgeahip.
Although that gentleman will in all
probability be appointed, ho has not
yet been officially gazetted.
The Royal City Mills are busily engaged filling a very large order for the
Northwest coal and navigation company. They are also cutting large
orders for Kamloops, Donald und Calgary, besides many to supply the local
The oolachans are beginning to run
fairly well but the "big run" has not
set in yet. W. H. Vianen's boat
brought in 160 pounda thia morning.
It ia hardly necessary to say that the
demand for these delicious little fish is
tyi times greater than the supply.
The Whatcom Daily Bulletin comes
to hand enlarged in size and generally
improved in makeup. Althongh this
spicy little sheet has only been in ex-
istanco a few weeks, it has won the
confidence and support of Whatcom's
most enterprising businesa men. The
Bidletin promises to still furthor enlarge at an early date.
In reference to the sale of lots made
by Rand Bros, a few days ago, and on
which they cleared $1,800 ou the
property purchased from Mr. J.
G. jaques for $3,000, we learn that
Mr. Jaquea bought the property in
question 15 months ago for $250.
These figures show how rapidly property is advancing In Westminster.
The exhibition fund has been handsomely supplemented to-day by subscriptions from Messrs. H. T. Read &
Oo. of $50 and Mr. W. H. Thibaudeau
of $15. Theso are good examples to
tho many who have not yet subscribed. The time is getting short and
those who intend subscribing should
come down handsomely and at once.
Tho handsome new steamship Corona arrived at Departure Bay on Tuesday evening en route to Alaaka. Capt.
Carroll, who is well and favorably
known nmong the boat fraternity, is
the master, and haa one of the finest
vessels in the North Pacific waters.
The Corona has a number of excursionists to the land of the  midnight  sun.
Up to date 53 dogs have been licensed to meander at leisure about the
streets of the city, and out of the
wholo numbor probably nrt more
than a dozen would sell for the price
of the license. Six unlicensed dogs
have been captured und locked up in
the dog pound awaiting release or
death, according to the pleasure of
their owners.
Mr. Hagan, who gave up the editorship of the Inland Sentinel some timo
ago to commence ranching in Okana-
gon, has, it is reported, received an
offer to take charge of the Industerial
Scliool for Indians at Kamloops. Mr.
Hagan has not yet accepted the position, but is understood to be seriously
considering the proposition. The appointment is a good one.
Roid & Currie havea new adv. in this
paper, which will bo found on the second page. This enterprising firm aro
extending their business very considerably this season and going into now
branches. Their establishment, in
continuous progress mnde and the enterprise displayed, furnishes a vory
fnir index of the present prosperous
condition of the city and district.
It has been almost definitely decidod
that tho city will expropriate L. Wolffs
vacant lot lying between Columbia and
Front streets, for tho purpose of extending McKenzie street to the water
front. If this intention is curried into
effect, the appearance of tho street will
bo greatly improved. The idea of
widening McKenzio street has beon
abandoned, owing to the property
owners asking u very high prico for
tho land to be expropriated.
The Inlander Chartered.
It is understood that the Vanderbilt
party which will arrive here some
time in May, have chartered the steamer Islander to take them to Alaska.
It is understood the C.P.N. Company
offered the Princess Louise at a considerable reduction but they persisted
in having the best. Tbe preparations
for the trip will be without regard to
More Damaging Evidence.
The cose againBt John L. Sprouater,
who was committed for trial, a few
daya ago, for larceny, is growing worse.
Mr. Moresby paid Port Moody a visit
yesterday and instituted a seaich
which resulted in the finding of numerous articles stolen by Sprouster, and
which will toll badly against him at
his trial. Sprouster has robbed many
persons, and hud a mania for stoaling
everything ho could lay his hands ou.
At tho same time ho waB cunning
enough to cover his tracks pretty well
and it was only by chance that ho was
at last detected. Mr. Moresby aays
he will have a strong case againat
Sprouster when  ho  appears  at  tho
court of assizes.
New Iilnic Kilns.
Mr. G. W. Rasure, the cowboy
evangelist, who is well-known in Westminster and Vancouver, where he successfully conducted revival meetings,
has ostablishod a limo kiln at Yale
which is now in running order. The
lime burned ut this kiln is said to bo
tho bes* yet, produced iu tho province,
and orders for many hundred barrels
have beeu received by tho proprietor.
Mr. Rasuro will start three kilns in all,
and will push his goods into every
market ill the provinco. Tho West
miiiBter Gas Works have tried tho
lime and find it to be a superior article,
and admiralty suited for the purifying
cf gas. If Mr. Rasuro's enterprise
turns out a success it is probably the
steamers will once again run as far as
Yale to carry away the product of the
Difficult to Toll—Passenger (train
juat passing out of the tunnel)—"What
a peculiarly Bour expression that young
lndy ahead has ?" Companion—"Kes,
she is evidently mad bemuse the
yoiuig man wilh her kissed her coming
through lhe tunnel, or maybe she is
iniirl because ho didn't kiss her."—
"Poor little boy," she Baid sympathetically to the one-uruied urchin,
"did yiu lose your little arm?"
"Nn'tii," lie replied tearfully, "I picked it up nfter the siiiiisli-up, and dad,
he hail buried It.'1
Pitcher's Castoria.
Terminated Filially.
Sibraunt E. Lorenzeu died at St.
Mary's hospital this morning after live
weeks of suffering from the wound received from falling on a surveyor's
stake. The unfortunate man was
working on the right of way of the
Southern Railway, and while sawing u
log slipped and fell, striking upon a
surveyors stake, the point of which entered his left side and inflicted a very
serious wound which this morning
caused his death. Dr. Fagan, who
attended Lorenzeu professionally, had
little hopes trom the first of saving his
life, und the great wonder is that he
lived bo long. The deceased was 27
years of age and a nativo of Schleswig,
Germany. He will be buried to-morrow afternoon at the Oddfellows cemetery, tho funeral leaving the  hospital
at 2.30 o'clock.
 • ■ ♦	
The Westminster roller? Works.
The Westminster pottery works, of
wliich Messrs. Popplewell, Heinbrough
& Borrio are proprietors, aro meeting
with much greater success than was
anticipated. Orders are flowing in
from all parts of the provinco, and ao
great is the demand that the firm is
unable to till thein all. Yesterday an
order for 5000 flower pots was received
frotn Victoria, and to-day Mr. Wilson,
the well-know nurseryman, closed arrangements fora .-upply of -1,000 pots.
Small orders, amounting in all to 5,-
000 pots, are now being tiiled. The
pottery works have not, been in good
working order very long, but within
tho last few weeks over 5,000 pots
have been shipped to Victoria. All
articles turned out so fur hnve given
complete satisfaction, and the proprietors of the Westminster pottery works
are determined ihnt the reputation
they have ulreudy won will be maintained.
 , . ,	
Killed a full'.
The numerous bands of cattlo running at largo in tho city should, for
many reasons, be prevented from grazing on Front, street. Yesterday aftor-
noun us the 1 o'clock express rounded
the curve ubove tho woolen mills, a
band of cattle was espied on the embankment a short distanco ahead. Tho
brakes wero put on and the whistlo
was sounded, but beforo the train
could he stopped the wheels of the locomotive passed over a calf, severing the
head from tho body. The othor
animals jumped headlong from the
trestle nnd escaped unhurt. It
the train and its precious human
freight had boon thrown into the river
by this accident, it is probable steps
would be taken to confine cattle to
their proper pasture, but as no serious
damage was done tho animals will still
have curie blanche, and the seal of tho
corporation attached, to run at   largo.
Alter IIuhIdcbs.
Westminster's merchants deserve
great credit for the onergy and enterprise thoy are at present displaying
Unless Vancouver looks out and pays
more attention than she is at present
doing we shall have to reproduce Mr.
W. C. Van Homo's talo of two cities,
wliich lately appeared in these columns, in which tho Royal City will
loom up ub as a aecond Chicago, whilst
Vancouver will come in nB a strong
second in tho race a la Milwaukee or St.
Louis. Au effort was made by this
city to capturo tho Nortii Arm tiado
by opening up n roadway through the
C. P. R. hinds, and thonce on to ihe
proposed new bridges and South Ann
near English's cannery. Whilst, all
this was going on the people of New
West 1111118101' weru nor by any means
usleop.   Itis now all but settled that
a daily line of steamers is to be placed
on the North Arm route by the merchants and others of that city who
have subscribed liberally of their
means by way of a subsidy towards
the enterprise.—World. "All but settled," is not exactly the expression,
since it is altogether settled, and the
service has commenced. Westminster
is waking up, and no mistake. Her
citizens as a whole, and individually,
are taking that intereat, nnd manifesting that public spirit, in all matters
affecting the city's welfare that is a
sure precursor of ultimate success and
Old "Sleepy" -Gathered In.
The notorious Indian ' 'Sleepy" has
been gathered to his fathers, and will
be seen among his favorite haunts no
more. His body was found this morning, by an Indian woman, lying in the
ditch under the slaughter house wharf,
in the swamp. An inspection of the
body did not reveal any marks which
would give rise to suspicions of foul
play, and it is only too probable that
Sleepy's old enemy, whiskey, did the
work. His boat was found fastened
between the piles of the wharf whore
it had been left by the receding tide,
aud the most likely theory is that
Sleepy must have fallen out while in
a state of intoxication and was drowned. Sleepy was as well known as any
Indian on the coast, but he was not
considered a shining light nmong his
own people, or in fact, by anyone else.
In the early days he was employed by
the Sappers and Miners to perform
odd jobs around the barracks, and in
this way he managed to keep himself
supplied with the necessaries of life
without overtaxing his strength. Of
late yearB Sleepy devoted himself
chiefly to getting drunk and fighting,
and he has adorned the police court
many dozen times on these charges.
His death will rid the swamp of one
of its worst citizens, and his loss ia one
that cannot reasonably be deplored.
The coroner b jury brought in a verdict
to the effect that the deceased came to
his death by drowning, while under
the influence of liquor.
 *—m  •	
"He Took Water In lllri'n."
Front street whiskey is a warranted
article, but taking it "straight" don't
go. So a "stranger" found out this
afternoon. He was a big man, and
just a little seedy, but he had started
out to qualify for taking that prize
which Rev. Mr. Whito mentioned in
his lecture the other night, and which
he (the "stranger") had heard was to
he a considerable item in the prize list
of the provincial exhibition this fall.
The "unknown" determined, in pursuance of his ambitious project, to take
in the Front street saloons in order,
starting up near Luw'a foundry, and
heading towarda Lulu Ialand. "Wilis-
koy straight" was the refreshment called for ut every bar on the route.
When down near the Salvation "barracks," however, and after having
"done" King & Keery'a, bis feelings
overcame him, and he wanted water—
lots of it 1 None being obtainable in
sufficient quaniities io dilute the
fiery liquid with which he was
primed, the unfortunate man
plunged into the cooling Fraser close
at hand and uot a "big wet." He was
rescued almost immediately by spectators, whereupon lie took ill' his coat,
wrung it out in business-like manner,
throw it over his shoulder and "made
trucks" for the Merchants' Exchange.
The man would in all probability have
beon drowned if ho had fallen over at
night. The moral of this i rue tale is,
don't drink wiskey; but if you must,
take a littlo water as you go nluugj and
don't try to couipetu fora prize in such
a direction.
 * -•- *	
An Uncommon Vase.
A curious caso came before tho Vancouvor polico magistrate yesterday,
and in whicli the Roman Catholic
church confessional played the prominent pnrt. A young man named
John Levois lost $78 iu October of
last year and suspected his room mate
Arthur Brouillon of stealing tho
money. Some weeks latter Rev.
Father Fay told Levois that lhe money
would be returned to him if the matter was kept quiet. Levois, who was
only too anxious to recover tho money,
agreed lo this. Timo went on, but
us the cash was not forthcoming he
hail Brouillon urres'ed. It was supposed that, Father Fay obtuiued his
inforniinatiou concerning the missing money through tho confessional,
and it was tliorofui'i) necessary thnt he
should be put into the witness box to
mnke good lhe case. When placed in
the stand, however, Father Fay positively rofused t„ divulge any information gamed by him in the confessional. A long argument onsued between the legal gentlemen engaged on
either side uud authorities pro and con
wore extensively quoted. The magistrate finally decidod that Father Fay
need not testify, on the grounds that
in Scotland, whero n prisoner m custody and preparing for his trial, has
confessed his crimes to a clergyman in i
order to obtain spiritual advice and
comfort, such confession is privileged.
This decision debarred the prosecution from obtaining tho necessnry evidence and consequently the case was
dismissed. The knotty question,
which a judgo of tho supreme court
would havo takon sevornl days, at
least, to consider before giving a decision, appears to have boon so easy OS
"rolling oil a log" to the Vancouver
Ulcerated Stomach. — "For threo
years I was unablo to work, suffering
from ulcerated stomach. Medical aid
having failed, 1 was tolrl to try Hurdock
Blood Bitters, of which seven bottles
made a permanent euro. This was two
years ago, and I feel that I have to thank
B, B. 11. for being alive and wcjl to-day,"
Mrs. Rose Ann McCloskoy, Marmora,
Ontario. Weekly British Columbian
Wednesday -tliiriilim. April 10,
The directors of the provincial
agricultural society, it is expeoted,
■will meet in this city this week,
and fix the dnte for the holding of
the annual exhibition next fall, and
transact other business pertaining
to the approaching fair. We cannot
say just what date will be agreed
upon, but it is safe to say that not
wore than six months can elapse
Before tho exhibition will be upon
US, which is a short enough period
in which to complete arrangements
for a successful provincial show this
fall. Such u show all must desire
to seo, and, recognizing the fact
that now there is not a moment to lose, we would urge upon
all who have any idea of contributing to the grand success of the
exhibition to declare their intentions
immediately, if not sooner. The
necessity for this haste must be
obvious when once it is pointed out.
Those who are responsible for all the
varied preparations required for the
success of the exhibition cannot
longer, withont prejudice to this
much desired success, delay taking
energetic measures iu its behalf.
The scale upon whicli preparations can be made, depends
altogether, it is unnecessary to
state, upon the extent of available
funds for the purposo of the exhibition. The necessity will thus appear
of having the largest possible amount
guaranteed in the shortest possible
time. The Exposition Fund in
these columns offers un excellent
opportunity for those desiring to
assist this most worthy and reproductive object to pledge themselves
for any amount within their means
and inclination, and thus establish a
fund upon which the directors, the
park committee, etc., can count in
making preparations for the show.
Quite a number of our citizens and
several district subscribers have
done nobly so far. We would invite
others to emulate their example, and
to remember that in this instance,
pre-eminently, "he who gives promptly gives twice." The success of the
show oan be furthered very materially by an increase in the membership of the provincial agricultural
association. The cost to become an
annual member is only $3, Let as
many as possible, the farmers especially, send in their names, with the
membership fee, to the secretary or
treasurer of the association—T. R.
Pearson, or J. S, Olute, of this city.
Westminster, city and district,
should heartily co-operate in making
the coming exposition a grand Sue-
Following immediately on the
passage of the bill to incorporate the
Canadian Western Railway Company, a bill has been introduced in
the local house, and passed its third
reading yesterday, to grant a land
subsidy to the projected railway.
The bill provides that, upon the
eompany filing with the chief commissioner of lands and works a map
or plan, to the satisfaction of the
lieutenant-governor in council, showing the course and direction of the
proposed railway, und the lands intended to be traversed, there shall
le reserved from pre-emption and
sale a tract of land extending thirty-
two miles on each side of tho line of
railway, to be afterwards conveyed
to the company, pursuant to the
act; provided, that the work of
actual construction of the proposed
railway shall begin within six
months from the time of the filing
of the said map or plan, and shall be
continuously prosecuted to completion with reasonable diligence;
otherwise the said reservation of
public lands to be void and of no
effect. It is further provided that
the government shall, before conveying all or any portion of the lands
intended to bo granted to the company, take satisfactory security from
the company for the proper completion of the road, and that the grants
of land to be made shall in no wise
exceed twenty thousand acres for
each and every mile of railway constructed; in other words, an aggregate respectable land subsidy of between 10,000,000 and 12,000,000
acres, It is also provided that the
lands granted under the act must be
taken by the company in alternate
blocks on each side of the line of
railway, r.ach block of land to have
a frontage on the railway of twenty
miles, and so that the land granted
to the company on one side of thi-
line of railway shall be opposite to a
like twenty miles of land retained
hy the province on the opposite
side. The expenses of the survey
are to borne by the oompany. The
grant is not to include any lands
held by grant, lease, agreement for
sale, or other alienation by the
crown, nor shall it include Indian
reserves or settlements, nor military
or naval reserves, that, may happen
to lie in the line of the railway, but
in lieu of any laud thus excepted
an equal amount shall be made good
tp the company from public lands
contiguous.   It is provided that the
rights of free miners to search for
and mine the precious metals shall
not be prejudiced by tho grant of
land to the company. The lands
acquired by the company shall not
be subject to taxation, provincial or
municipal, until the expiration of
ten years from the completion of the
railway. The actual work of construction, it is provided, shall commence within two years of the 1st
of November next, the road to be
completed within ten years thereafter. The legislature has certainly
not erred on the side of niggardliness in its encouragement of this
railway enterprise. The Oanadian
Western is a large undertaking,
however, and if energetically pushed
and carried to completion, a vast
tract of the province will be opened
up and made valuable that without
a railway must remain a comparative wildnerness for some time to
The World makes a good suggestion, editorially, in its issue of Saturday (whioh by the way, appeared
first in The Columbian, in an article on the coming exhibition, last
fall), to the effect that, as the governor-general is expeoted to visit the
Pacific province this fall, arrangements should be made for him to be
present and open the exhibition.
It is stated that his excellency will
visit British Oolumbia some time in
September. As the date of tho provincial exhibition is not yet fixed,
we would suggest that those having
tho matter in hand should communicate with the proper parties and
ascertain, as nearly as possible, the
exact date when Lord Stanley and
suite may be expected to arrive in
the province, how long the vice-regal
party are likely to remain, and also
as to the route laid out and the
places to be visited first. There are
two points to be considered: It is
very desirable, in the first place, to
take advantage of the governor-general's expected visit to have his presence and prestige at the opening of
the exhibition. In the second place,
it is necessary, or, at least, expedient, that not too early a date
should be fixed for the exhibition, so
as to give time for the maturing and
harvesting of all products of the
soil. Last year the provincial show
wus held in tbe first week of October. This was quite early enough,
for the reason mentioned above.
Owing to the rather than usually
early spring this year, a slightly
earlier date might do for the exhibition than last year. The directors
of the agricultural association will, no
doubt, take these different points
into consideration, and we trust they
may he successful in fixing such a
date for the exhibition as shall meet
all requirements and best further the
success of the show. Now that there
is a very good prospect of having
the governor-general to open the exhibition in person this fall, there is
all the more inducement to work for
a grand affair all along the line.
Everyone should co-operate to this
There is a substance which is invisible, which has neither odor nor
taste, and in fact possesses no qualities of matter except weight and
bulk, says the Journal of Chemistry,
This is the gas nitrogen, wliich constitutes four-fifths of the atmosphere
which surrounds us. It is apparently a dead and inert form or manifestation of matter, and yet is perhaps one of the most important and
useful of the elements, and if it
should vanish from the universe life
would cease to exist. This apparent
paradox is explained-by the fact that
by its combination with other elements the remarkable characteristics
of nitrogen are awakened into action, The gas is neither poisonous,
corrosive, explosive, nutritious, nor
medicinal; but combined with carbon and hydrogen it forms the deadly
prussic acid; with oxygen and hydrogen, the strong corrosive nitric
acid; with hydrogen alone, tho
strongly basic alkali ammonia; with
carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, the
terrible explosive nitro-glycerine;
and with the same elements in vary
ing proportions, it forms the albuminoids, the gelatines, the glutens, and
other strength-giving elements of our
food, or the indispensable medicinal
agents, quinine, morphine, atropine,
veratrine, cocaine, and many others.
Although nitrogen is tasteless, it
forms an indispensable part of the
flavors of the peach, plum, apricot,
and other delicious fruits, as well as
coffee, tea, chocolate, and tobacco.
Without smell, it is found in many
of the most powerful and delicious
perfumeB, as well as in the nauseating odors of putrefaction. Present
in immense quantities in the air, it
furnishes little or no support to
vegetation, but combined with other
elements the amount present in the
soil determines its fertility and the
amount of crops that may be raised
upon it. Colorless and invisible,
noarly overy dyestuff or coloring
matter known contains it in greater
or less proportion. Harmless and
powerless by itself, when combined
with another non-exploBive gas, chlo
rine, it forms the most powerful explosive known, of which a ray of
sunlight is sufficient to arouse the
terrible destructive power. And
yet, notwithstanding the pre-eminent
importance of this element in the
affairs of life, there are but few of its
combinations which we can form
directly. Millions of tons of nitrogen are all about us, but not a grain
of morphine or theine, gelatine or
albumen, aniline or naphthaline, cun
we mako from it, Only the mysterious vital force working in the natural laboratory of the vegetable
and animal organism can build up
most of these molecules from their
ultimate elements, and place the
atoms of nitrogen in their proper
position like the beams or stones of
a building. Our wonder at the marvelous powers displayed by these
organisms is none the less when we
see what simple, common, and uncharacteristic elements are usod by
them in making up their wonderful
products, and we can only say that
it is a part of the great and unsolu-
ble mystery of life. Neither can we
explain satisfactorily from a chemical standpoint tho properties and
reactions of this strange element,
By itself it is nothing, but united
with otlier elements, some almost
equally inactive, the combination
thus produced manifests the most
powerful and positivn chemical and
physical properties. It is like the
springing into life of dead matter,
but there is no system of chemical
philosophy whicli can give a reason
why it. is so. It is the part of the
chemist to observe and record the
facts connected with the properties
of different forms of matter, and in
time we may from these facts construct a rational theory, but we are
still a long way from a clear comprehension of the phenomena of the
universe. There are about us many
things in heaven and earth still undreamt of in our philosophy as there
were in Shakespeare's time, and the
further we advance toward the end,,
the more the field widens and ap
pears to be of illimitable extent,
It was only the other day thnt the
despatches contained accounts of
terrific snow storms in several of tbe
eastern states. Here, we have been
enjoying spring-time since the bo-
ginning of February (strictly speaking though we have bad no winter
during the past so called winter
season at all), and now, the first
week in April, we are luxuriating
in veritable June weather. The
scene is a most enchanting one as
appealing to the various senses, and
can be better imagined than de
scribed, except by the -'spring poet,"
and that gifted but hifalutin' member of our staff broke his neck last
week while engaged in the foolhardy and impossible feat of
attempting to mnke his "bucking"
Pegasus clear au iambic pentameter
hurdle. That is why wo cannot
even tackle the weather and the
landscape in blank verse, but are
obliged to mutilate both in cold and
unfeeling pi-03e. These considerations, together with the melancholy
fate of our "spring poet," have
caused us up to date to refrain
from letting our thousands of readers know how thoroughly and heartily we endorse the weather, etc.
But it is almost too beautiful to lust
just now (which all will admit) and
we must say something, or—"bust."
Having in view the fate of our
"poet," wo huve come to the conclusion not to aim too high, but to
begin with about a five-foot strip of
the horizon and work down, sort of
gradually. Tho horizon, then, all
the way round, is decidodly azure—
the regulation "Italian" tint. Tho
mountains are. a deep blue—not the
color of "blue piils" or "blue devils,"
but a cheetful, sunny ultramarine.
The trees and the underbrush, just
below the above-mentioned strip of
"ltalinn"-tinted horizon, are leaving
fast. At the present writing a good
many have left, and, if tho Ross-
McLaren Mills got started this yoar,
wc expect that large numbers wili
leave again before next spring. The
river is quito a satisfactory feature
of the landscape, and the unexceptionable weather improves its looks,
but we cannot help thinking that
the noble stream would look much
better with the Southern Railway
bridge spanning it just opposite the
Crescent, or the Southern Railway
ferry-boat in place of that homely
K. de K. But coming down to
terra firma, where we feel safe at
Inst, terra firma is "verdure clad," as
our poet would have put it, as far as
the eye can reach, The lowing kine
complete the picture beautifully
here, as they revel in the succulent
juciness of the corporation grass
pastures or gambol on and fertilize
the corporation sidewalks. Wo had
intended to say a lot (which would
have boen stricly true) about the
flower gardens being in full bloom,
the fruit trees resplendent in
their delicate veil of aromatic blossoms, tho swallows a-swallowing,
etc., etc. But we don't want to get
poetic, and will wind up with that
beautiful couplet—
"Whilo overy prospect pleases,
And only man is vile,'*
Y.Clb,'iiA_ HEWS.
Special to tlie Columbian.
Victouia, April 8. —A firo on
Dallas farm Saturday night destroyed a large quantity of hay
and straw. Tho property belongs to
W. G. Bowman.
As the Islander wns leaving for
Vancouver yesterday morning, she ran
against a rock at the entrance of the
harbor breaking two blades of her propeller. She made the round trip, but
at considerable less speed than usual.
Victouia, April fl.—A Wellington
miner named John Kemper attempted
suicide by cutting his throat. Ho is believed to be insane. He was taken
in charge and will bo sent to the asylum at New Westminster,
A board of trado has been organized
at Nanaimo,
Sl'llll.Weekly illllll III Klglll.
By an advertisement elsewhere, entitled "Mail Contract," it will be seen
that a semi-weekly -mail servico is to
be established between Wostminstor
city and Elgin, to begin on the 1st of
July next. This will bo a grent and
much approciutod improvement over
the present weekly sorvice. A similar
change ia required with respect to four
or five other rural settlements south
of the river.
Musonlc Bnlldlng, NewWestminster,
13. C. dwto
CIMIIKII■!,!>, tllel'OO,!, .v .SEXNS,
cirs— Masonic Buildings, Hov Westminstor, and Vancouver, B. C.       dwto
JOSEPH E. ClVSOUi II.A.,1/ ,.11.
GOLD MEDALIST ot the University ol
the Hlgli Court of Tusttae; Ireland. Oillces,
Corner McKenzi i ,v Olarkson sis., Sew
Westminstor. riwro21to
U. W. UUAA1-,
ARCHITECT.  Office-Corner Mary and
Olarkson sts., Westminster,   dwto
W. uot'-.ll..
TATE AGENT. Offlco - Corner of
Mury & Clurkson Sts.i New Westminster,
B. C. divmhoto
tlio Postnitislcr-Goiieval will be received nt Ottawa unlil noon,. Fii'Iay,
Ulli Hay* for the conveyance of Her Majesty's Mails, on a proposed Coutractfor
four years twice per week eaeii way, between
Irani the 1st July next.
The conveyance to be made on horseback or in a vehicle, at tho option of the
contractor. To leave Elgin every Wednesday and Saturday, at 7 a.m., to proceed to New WcKtminstor, and got back to
Elgin with return mall on the evenings
of The snme days,
Printed notice-- containing further Information as to conditions of proposed
contract mny bo scon and blank forms of
Tender may be obtained at 1 he Post Offices
of New Westminstor, Mud Hay and Elgin,
and ttt this office.
Post Oflice Inspector,
Post Offlce Inspector's Offlce,
Victoria, April 5,1880.   apl0w3t
Q .
LU |
c o
£ 3 rt 5 V, »'
WZ. rt £ o ll) g
2 % * 6 H
O   -JS H'rl
i-i £ 5
1 <%%
> gt/10
O  .-
0)fe ra
9, •
O   1
J3 S
i n4-
Live Stock!
Important to Loggers, Famers, Butchers and Dairymen.
from Mr. Edwaiui Pakr and others to
sell by Public Auction ut I4i-uslnRloii
Prairie, Surrey, on
Thursday, 'Jiitl Slay, 1889,
tbo following Llvo Stoek:
2  yoko Oxen, woll broken to the plow
and very gontle.
1 yoko Oxen, not brokon; 5 yoara old.
2 yoke Oxen, well mulched; 3 yours old.
1 only Work Ox.
1 only Steer, 1 yours old.
12 extra good Dairy Cows, Just coming ln.
52-your old Holfors.
f, yearling Heifers.
2 yearling Steers.
12-year-old Durham Bull.
1 Horso, gontlo to rillo and drive.
1 good Work Toum; about 2000 lbs.
AIbo-1 Breaking Flow.
1 PARR'S FARM nml will commonco
at 10 o'clock. Tlio stock aro all iu good
condition uud will bo found worthy tho
attontion of lho Public.
TEliMS-For sums under 850, uot cash:
ovor that nmount, negotiable notos at 6
months at 8 por cent, interest.
waplOU Auctioneer.
.1. C. WHYTE.
EE-ft-X/EiaS X2T
Agricultural Implements
And must be sold within the next 00
days to mako room for other j
new goods.
Riding and Walking
12 Monl Gangs
iro-REMEMBKR the "Rock Island"
rtSTBuford Sulky Plows are without
•aran equal. From 12 to 18 inch
*3Tnow in stock.
Mussey "tinders.
Maxwell     "
Deering      "
Beaver City Rake
Sharp "
Maxwell        "
Toronto Mowers.
Buckeye     "
Maxwell      "
Little Giant Threshers and Tread Power.
Toronto Advance Engines and Threshers.
Derrick's Perpetual Hay Press.
Bay Tedders and Loaders.
Duplex Feed Mills.
-{grBe sure and get our prices before purchasing elsewhere.
Webster Blook, Front Street, WESTMINSTER.
% jj^^j^t^}1'^^^^^ mh6w
Of Oolumbia Street
much to the health and comfort of every home. Therefore,
everybody ought to know that Jas. Rousseau's is decidedly the
cheapest place in New Westminster where the people of this District can purchase the best Boots and Shoes at the cheapest
I will allow io per cent, discount on all cash purchases to
the general public for the next sixty days, to make room for a
LARGE SPRING STOCK now en route.
REMEMBER,—-if you want genuine good Boots and Shoes
the proper place to purchase them is at
Jas. Rousseau's*
SI   Col-ux-n.-bla Sti-ee'c'.-
Custom Work promptly attended to.
Pell, Rice Coil-spring iMugUin
g m. tci
Democrat and Express Wagons!
*HT The Best and Cheapest Rigs ever offered for sale in
British Columbia.*!"!
dwapsto    fLeicL «fe 0\3.x*x*ie. Weekly Britisli BoMlaii,
Wcdnosilny lHornliiR, April 11), 1889.
Press Despatches.
London, April 5.—The recent story
of Stanley's march to the sea, told by
Arabs nt Stanley Falls, is credited at
Brussels, but doubt is expressed hore
that Emin Bey should have left his
province unless defeated and driven
out of it by Dervishes from the north.
That he should have taken such a step
voluntarily is hiirhly improbable.
There are political reasons against it,
and no preparations have been mado
anywhere for the reception of such a
large body of people. There is evory
reason why Emin should remain in his
own province, the moro so as he is
likely before long to have plonty of
help. There is littlo doubt that the
lake regions and Wadelai are objective points of Captain Wissman's expedition, which will be pushed in that
direction us soon as the coast is tranquillized,
Ottawa, April 5.—-In Ihe Houso of
Commons the Finance Minister announced that he had considered Sir
Richard Cartwright's statement with
reference to tho recent threo per oont.
lonn. At the present timo he said the
practice was to bring up our own stocks
for the sinking funds clauso in the
prospectus. He expressed the intention of the Government to purchase out
of the stock recently issued, the stock
required for the sinking fund. The
Government would not hold themselves
bound to buy stock if it was unduly
appreciated, Already the Government
had bought $100,000 stock at a lower
price than they received for it. He
did not think there were any grounds
for the statement. Sir Richard Cartwright replied that the answer was not
altogether satisfactory, and he would
have to call attention to the niatter at
a later period of the session.
After recess the house went into
committee of the whole on the Bill respecting the Canadian Pacific Bailway
and giving the Company increased
borrowing powers of $12,500,000 and
power to consolidate the debt. Mr,
Mr. Edgar opposed the measure in
most vigorous terms. If it became
law tho Government's land will be
placed junior to securities to tho extent of 8120,000,000. Mr. Jonos
(Halifax) followud arguing in favor of
Parliament compelling the Canadian
Pacific Railway Company tii build the
Bhort line railway from Harvey to
Salishuryin New Brunswick, a distance
of 120 miles. Sir John Macdonald
then announced that tho Govornment
had entered into mi agreement with
the Canadian Pacific Railway Company for the construction of the section
abovo referred to. The Bill now
stands for tho third reading.
Ottawa, April 6,—The liouse of
commons, in committee of the whole,
last night considered a bill to give the
Canadian Pacific increased borrowing
power, and power to consolidate its
debt. The government tried to pass
the bill, but at the end of a long discussion Laurier objected to an extension of the debate. The bill will have
a third reading on Monday.
PiTTSB-jua, April 6.—The heaviest
anow ttorm of the season is prevailing
in this section.
Charlottesville, Va., April 6.—A
heavy snow storm is prevailing, accompanied by thunder and lightning.
The snow promises to be the deepest
of the winter.
Charleston, S. 0., April 6.—Jack
Givens was hanged this morning for
cutting his wife's throat during a quarrel.
Pittsburg, April 6.—Tho briok
wall of the Westinghouse Electrio Co's.
building fell, burying three workmen
two of whom are fatally injured.
Fort Dodge, Iowa, April 6. -Sheriff
Adams and a deputy have effected the
arrest of seventeen river land settlers,
charged with conspiracy.
Helena, Montana, April 0.—Jamei
Curry, a miner, fell down the shaft in
tne Peerless Jennie mine, at Rimini,
last night, and was killed.
New York, April 6.—The Chi-
cagos and all Americans base ball teams
arrived from Europe at eight o'clock
this morning. They were met at quarantine by a party of two hundred on a
steamer, and were given a hearty reception. All the travellers were in
excellent health.
Fort Dodoe, April 0.— Robert
Schieiller and wife, prominent residents of Calhoun County, living southwest of this oity, were driying into
Mansion last ovening when a spark
from Schiedler's pipe ignited his wife's
clothing, and Bhe was burnod to death.
In his efforts to extinguish the flames,
Schiedler's hands were so badly
burned that amputation was necessary
and his recovery is doubtful.
Washington, April 6.—The president to-day approved aotion of secretary Proctor in ordering a oourt
martial to try Major Arms, retired,
for conduct unbecoming an oflicer on
inauguration day, when he was ejected
from the procession, and for later on,
insulting Governor Beaver. The names
of the board comprising the oourt
martial will be announced late this
Indianapolis April 0—Ex-Governor
Porter, who waB recently appointed
minister to Italy, is lying ill at his reiidence here from a disease whioh is
guzzling the doctors. Three daya ago
e took a long walk, and, when he returned his feet were bo swollen he
could hardly remove his shoes, Next
morning the skin began to peel off and
a great and continuous pain followed.
Tne patient auffera greatly, and it is
olaimed hia affliction ia identical with
that which attacked Hendricks three
yeara before his death, and eventually
resulted in paralysis.
Brussels, April 6.—Tho morning
papers announce the resignation of
Boulanger from the army.
London, April 0,—Tho mayor
Leicester this morning received an
anonymous warning of a plot which
has boen arranged to Bhoot the Princo
of Wales at tlio race meeting here today.
London, April C—The Dowager
Duchess of Cambridge, the Queons
aunt, is dead.
Paris, April O.—The correctional
tribunal to-day acquitted senator Ma-
quot and deputies Laguerre, Laisant,
Turquet and Paul DeRoulede, leaders
of tho league, and two otlier members
of that organization on charge of belonging to a secret society. The tribunal however imposed a fine of 100
francs on each for belonging to a society not authorized by law. The
crowd outside tlio court room received
the announcement of the result with
cries of "Vive la Ligue," "Vive Boulanger" and "vive DeRoulede."
Ottawa, April 6.—The will of the
late Hon. John H. Pope has been
mndo public. His possessions, it seems,
did not exceed $350,000. His stock
farm, together with the thorough-bred
horses and cattle valued nt $125,000,
aro left to his only son, Rufus Pope,
with n cash bequest of $50,000. To
Mrs. Ives, his only daughter, he loft
$35,000 and 5,000 acres of land including his gold mining property. To hia
male grand-children lie' left $10,000
each, to be invested fur their future
benefit. The balance of hiB fortune
he bequeathed to his wife as residuary
legatee. Mr. Rufus Pope, his son,
will become a candidate for the re-presentation of Oumptnn.
The Govornment has decided to
build the link of 120 milos to complete
the short Canadian Pacific Railway
line in New Brunswick, the Canadian
Pacific Railway agreeing to operate it.
The Canadian Pacific Railway declined
to build it because it had given no
pledge to construct the section required by tho lower province. The memben of the Opposition will object to
this and it is likely to prolong the session.
New York, April 8.—Thomas Renr-
don and Patrick Close, alleged dynamiters, who are supposed to have made
the attempt to blow up David Stevenson's brewery on Fortieth-street, last
winter, were arraigned before Judge
Martin this morning and held in $5000
bail for trial. Both pleaded uot
Junction City, Ky.—Croft's sawmill, near this city, was wrecked by a
boiler explosion this morning. Chester Hughes, .lack Slioois, A. L. Hurly
and Samuel Morris, were killed.
Washington, April 8.—The Presi
dent to-dny exercised the Executive
clemency in the case of Wm. Woods
and Henry Miller under sentence of
death for murder in Atkansas. In the
Wood's caso pardon was granted.
Miller was respited until Friday, June
.Washington, April 8.—The Secretary of war has issued an order transferring, by direction of the President,
the state of Wisconsin from the department of the East to department of Dakota. By direction of the President
the now military post near Denver,
Colorado, will be called Fort Logan,
in honor of General Logan.
Chicaoo, April 8. — Four rear
coaches of an incoming train were
thrown from the track yesterday by a
defective switch, between Colchester
and South Chicago. The cars were
violently thrown against several uil
tank cars standing on Bide tracks, and
smasned to pieces. One man was
killed and about twelvo others wore
more or less seriously injured. The
train which consisted of threo express
cars, three emigrant cars, a smoker
and two passenger coaches and a pullman sleeper, was running very fast at
tho time of the accident, as it was lato
and making up time. As the train
was passing over the switch near the
Standard Oil Company's tank, the
seventh coach was suddenly derailed
and shot diagnolly ncres' the street,
while the car just behii;! was thrown
in the opposito direction against the
oil tanks. The entiro side of the car
was smashed into a muss of iron and
splinters. Both cars were filled with
people, who shrieked with terror as
they were dashed helplessly into the
wreckage. The forward end of the
pullman car was stove in, while the
rear car was derailed. The passengers
on these cars merely suffered a serious
shaking up.
London, April 8.-—General Boulanger and his party aro expected to
arrive during the week. This move
is understood to be intended to forestall the almost certain expulsion by
the Belgian government.
Hamburg, April 8.—This city was
Btartled to-day by tho nows of a revolting crime committed last night. A
boy named Stoinfatt, who was travelling over night on one of the roads that
led to the suberbs of Hamburg, was
found murdered this morning, and his
corpse mutilated in a shocking manner.
Thu throat was cut, and the abdomen
ripped and emptied of its contents.
The boy's genital organs are also missing.
Paris, April 8.—The first meeting
of the Fronch senate as a tribunal to
try Boulanger will be held on Friday
San Francisco, April 9.—George
Chase, a grizzled veteran of the Civil
war, was sentonced to 5 years in stato
prison, this morning, for robbing a
Btreet car of a dollar and thirty cents.
Port Huron, Mich., April 9.—This
morning at 10 o'clock, two men, Jas.
Clemms and Stephen Porter, met their
death in a horrible manner. Clemms
ia a ahip caulker and waa sent to caulk
ono of the large vats of the Mineral
Bath Oo, A few minutes after he had
entered the vat, Porter, not hearing
him at work, went to Investigate and
found him asphyxiated with gas, and
in attempting to rescue him was also
overcome a few minutes later. Mr.
Stephenson, the proprietor thinking
something wrong also ascended a ladder to the top of the vat, and seeing
both men lying insensible at the bot
torn waB about to enter, but was in
itantly overcome by the gas. For
tunatcly he foil outside and
with but a few slight bruises. Tho
engineer attracted by the noiso procured assistance. A holo was cut in
tho tank near the bottom, and the men
wero taken out, hut both died shortly
after. Thoy woro married and leave
Guaymas, Mexico, April 9.—The
city was shaken by soveral shocks of
earthquakes last niglit, whicli, though
severe, caused no ilnmage.
Kokomo, Ind., April 9—The Kokomo boiler works were burned early
this monring. Threo firemen wero fatally crushed by a falling wall.
Raleigh, N. C, April 9.—Sixty
buildings nt Smithficld, the County
seat of Johnston county were levelled
to tho ground by tiro last night. The
loss is a hundred and fifty thousand
Los Anoeles, April 9.—The westbound Santa Fee train, due here this
morning, is reported wrecked at Peach
Springs, Arizona, and five persons
London, April 9.—Tho St. James
Gazette Bays that the Marquis of Londonderry, lord lieutenant, of Ireland,
has intimated to the government that
he desires to resign office owing to the
pressing nature of private affairs and
tho condition of Lady Londonderry.
Dublin, April 9.—The sentence of
i months' imprisonment, under the
crimes net, pronounced upon Mr,
Fitiiieiin, member of Parliament for
County Limerick, nnd against which he
appoaled, has been confirmed. Sentences of six nnd five months imprisonment imposed upon Mr. Sheehy M. P.,
for offence under tho crimes act, have
been reduced to a term of fivo months.
London, April 9.—Searle, champion
niirsinim of Australia, is coming to
England next month when he will
challenge Teemer and O'Connor to
row on the Thames for £500 a side
and the championship of  the  world,
Melbourne, Aust., April 9.—
Frank D. Slavin champion heavy
weight pugilist of Australia, has decidod to go to tho V. S. to meet Peter
Jackson, Kilrain and Sullivan, for the
championship of the world.
Tlie Legislative Sliriivcs.
Following is tho full list of the public and private measures which recoived the "royal assent" on Saturday last,
and take their place among the(provin-
cial statutes as the legislative crop of
the third session of the fifth parliament of  Btitish Columbia:   An aot
respecting summary  proceedings  before justices of tho peaoe; au act to
provide recognition in this province of
probates and letters of administration
granted in the United Kingdom  and
elsewhere; an act to amend tho law relating to  municipalities,  an   act  to
amend election regulations; an act  to
amend tho public schools act; an  act
for the preservation of  public  roads;
au act to appeal sections 10 and 11 of
the magistrates' act (consolidated  acts
1888;) an act to amend the charitable
associations act; an act to incorporate
the Anglican synod of B. 0., an act to
amend tho New Westminster act; an act
respecting the professions of medicine
and surgery; an act to prevent trespass
on enclosed lands; an act to incorporate the New Westminster & Vanoouver
Short Line Railway Company; au act
to incorporate the Vancouver  Street
Railway Company; an  act to amend
the New Westminster Southern Railway act: an act to incorporate the National Electric Tramway and Light
Company; an act to  incorporate  the
Canadian Western  Central   Railway
Copipany; au act to  incorporate the
Victoria  Lumber  &   Manufacturing
Company; an act to incorporate  the
Brockton Point Athletic Club; an act
to incorporate the Columbia and Kont
enay Railway & Navigation Compnny;
nn act to amend the game protection act;
an act to amend the city of Victoria
official act; an aet to amend jurors net;
an act to amend an act to aid  in  the
development of quartz mines; an act
to amend the licenses act; an act  to
enable the trustees of the Royal  Columbian Hospital to sell certain lands;
an act to amend the Vancouver incorporation act; un act to amend tho companies act; an act to provido a grant
to the corporation of  New  Westminster, for railway and other purposes,
of a portion of the public lands on Lulu Island; an act to amend tho mineral
aot; an act to authorize  the  granting
of a land subsidy to the Columbia &
Kootenay Railway Company; an  act
to grant certain lands  for charitable
pupososjau uot to authorize and facilitate the sale nf the site of   tho Royal
Hospital, with buildings; au  act  to
amend the assessment act; an  aot  to
amend the  medical act;  an  act  to
amend tho mechanics' lieu act; an act
to authorize the granting of a certain
land subsidy for and  in  aid  of  the
Canadian and Western Central  Railway; an act to amend an act to provide
an official stenographer  for  the  su
preme and county courts—38acts in all.
The Lieutenant-Governor's Speech l>ln*
ui Inning Ult House,
Special to The Columbian.
Victoria, April 6.—His Honor
Lieut-Governor Nelson having entered
the house, tho clerk read the titles of
the hills passed during the session and
which his honor pleased, in her majesty's name, to givo assent to.
Mr. Speaker: May it please your
honor: we her majesty's most dutiful
and loyal subjects, the legislative assembly of B. C. in session assembled,
approach your honor at the close of our
labors with sentiments of unfeigned
devotion and loyalty to her majesty's person and government,
and humbly beg to present, for your
honor's acceptance, a bill entitled "Act
for granting certain sums of money for
public service in the province of B.O."
To this bill the olerk, by his honor's
command, did thereupon say : "In her
majesty's name, his honor, the lieut-
girvernirr thanks her majesty's loyal
subjects and accept their benevolence
and assent to this bill."
His honor the lieutenant-governor
delivered the following speech: "Mr.
apciker and gentlemen of the legislative assembly: In relieving you from
further attendance I have to thank
you foi the careful attontion given the
the public business brought before you,
and express my earnest hope your anticipations will bo fully realized in regard to beneticial results. The measures you have passed and the liberal
encouragement and assistance extended to certain railway projects, it is hop
ed will result in the early and successful
prosecution of the works su essential to
opening up the province, and tho development of vast latent resources.
The decision in the 'precious
metals' case rendered by the
judicial commission of the privy
council, possesses an importance
far beyond the mere control of
minerals in territory immediately
affected. There is every reason to anticipate tho settlement of this long
pending dispute in favor of the provinco, will stimulate the dot hipment of
the mineral wealth of that region. I
have to thank you for tho liberal provision made for publio services, and
assure you that every cure will be
taken to administer the various sums
with due regard to economy and efficiency. In now taking leave of you,
I desire to express the earnest hope
that you may be spared to participate
in lhe general prosperity now dawning
upon this important portion of our
Dominion, aud which you have been
instruments in bringing about.
Choice Family Groceries!
LaToracLor lE-Zexri-ag-s,
ILCaclzerel, Salt Cod,
^.rmo-ar's "CTnc. Hams,
w^xrr*io-u.r'-3 TJxic. Bacon.
Ploui. Bxan. Snorts,
noidwiy Scou liar-Armstrong Block, Columbia St.
Clearing Out Sale!
It is rumored that E. P. Loacock,
ex-M.P.P., for Manitoba, will be appointed postofflce inspector for Manitoba and the Northwest.
our business, the whole of our available room being required for our increasing trade in GENERAL and FANCY DRAPERY, &c, and we now offer our
entire stock of Gentlemen's Clothing and Huts nnd Caps for the next
21 days at a
US' Our Stock is all new, well selected and of first-class quality nnd style.
*3This is a GENUINE SALE and tho wholo stock must be cleared.
dwselOtc Corner Columbia k Mary Streets.
(Late op England)
Cornet of Church aud Columbia Streets,
aWSatlsfaction guaranteed.     dwfeTto
Merchant Tailor,
Hr. Elson wiU lie at the Colonial Hotel
the flrst Wednesday In each month for
the purpose of taking orders,     a*wja28tc
Plants for Sale!
Real Estate,
Insurance and Financial
corner clarksok
& Mckenzie sts.
1h Great Variety, Including,
GERANIUMS, Double and Single; FU-
CUIAS, all new varieties; TtOSES,
a line collection of DAHLIAS (named
varieties). ANNUALS, 25 cts. per iloa.
Mixed BEDDING PLANTS, J1.50 per doz.
OUT FLOWERS for sale.
Orders left at M. Sinclair's (Central Grocery), will recolve prompt attention.
LONDON, ENG. 107 cannon st.
JOHN 8. COX, Prop.
1-lgUt II rait rang.
Partridge Ccchhlns,
.....,.Plymouth Itock*,
  ■ "White face Bl'k Spanish
White Crested, Black  and Golden
Poland ■•
Hou-lanst      Silver-pencilled   Ham*
* burgs.
IU nek, Red and Pitt Garnett.
Timlousc Geese.     Rouen Ducks,
My Yards are open for Inspection.
air*" ■*■*--
Farming Lands/Town Lots
Late Canadian News.
A clergyman of the diocese of Montreal has fallen heir to £20,000 sterling. A portion of the funds will be
devoted to Northwest missionary objects.
The schooner Olivia sprang a leak
14 miles off Wine Harbor, N. S., on
Tuesday, and sank in a few minutes.
The crew were saved after drifting in
an open boat two days.
Albert Romillioro, a young man living in Quebec suburbs, oamo to the
police court Friday morning minus one
ear. His wife held him in a saloon
with another man, and performed the
cannibal act.
A sensation hns been caused by the
olopemeut of Alfred C. Carter, organist of St. Andrew's church, Peterboro,
Ont, with Miss Annie Graham, ono of
the leading lady singers in the choir.
Carter took his only ohild, a girl of
fivo, with him and left his wifo penniless.
Business Property.
Lot facing on Columbia and Front Sts.,
in central portion of the city; several
buildings bring good rent—$22,000.00.
Lot 4, Block 7, near Lytton Square,
66x132 feet, fronting on Columbia nnd
Front St8.-86,0O0.0O.
Corner Lot on Columbia St., 33x66 feet—
Also—Lot and Building with stock of
Goods, ono of the best business stands
in the city.
Civil Engineers, Land Surveyors & Draughtsmen.
Fire, life A Marine Insurance.
Colombia St., - Ori>. Colonial Hotel
tentlon to alt professional orders and
tonder their services to rosldents and nonresidents having City or Country Property
to dispose of or desiring profitable Investment.
Our lists of eligible properties aro corn-
pro lionslvo and constantly recelvlngaddi-
tlons, nnd our favorable eastern connections both ln Canada and tlio Atlantic
States give us unusual facilities for business.
Special attention will bo paid to the
purchase uiul Inspection of Lumber for
shipment toforolgo ports. Tonnage chartered and general shipping businoss transacted.
Thanking nur friends both at homo and
abroad for past favors, wo beg to assure
urinririr  nn   yi.nv ..,,,,...,   „v —„ .........	
them that no offoits on our part will be
spared to Justify nnd maintain "
pleasant relations
., the samo
ImprovedResidential Property
Lot IS, Block 13; two houses rented at
paying figures—$4,500.00.
Houso and Lot on Lome St., noar Columbia—$1250.00.
Lots 4, 5 & 6, Block 19; good house,
garden, ko.; choice residence property
Corner Lot on Columbia St.; fenced and
House and Lot on Columbia St.; one of
the finest residences ln the oity—$7,-
House and Lot on Royal Avenue, near
Douglas St. -$2,000.00.
House and 3 Lots, corner Royal Avenue
and St. Patrick's St,; no better residence site In the city—$10,000.00,
Vacant Residential Property.
Lot 1, Block 28; corner lot on Agnes St.;
fine residence site—S1200.00.
Lots on St. Andrew's St,, near Queen's
Avenue—$500.00 eaoh.
Lots on Montreal, Douglas and Hall-
fax Sts., near Clinton St.; fine viewt
and well situated-$350.00, $375.00,
Lot on Melbourne St., near Clinton—
Lot 9, Sub-Block 10; fine residence lots—
Lots on Pelham St., near Mary—$600.00
Lot on Pelham St., near St. Andrew's;
fino site—$500.00.
Lot on St. John's St., near Melbourne
Lot In St. Andrew's Square-$300;00.
Lots in Bloek fronting on North Ant
road; finest chance in the market foi
residenco or spcculation-$125.09 t4
Lots in Subdivision of Lot 11, sub-Block
12—$60.00 to $125.00.
Lots in Subdivision of Lot 17, sub-Block
13—$160.00 each.
1 acre, with 7 houses, near the Park—
Lots In Westminster Addition at $15.00
to $50.00. VvttKLY British Columbian
Wednesday Horning, April 10, 1889.
Late Despatches.
Ottawa, April 2.—The Houso ot
Commons wns engaged in Committeo
of Supply all day. Tho British Columbia appropriations, including §1,200
for Assistant Immigration Ageut ut
Vancouver, and $10,000 for harbor
and rivor improvements in British
Columbia woro passed.
In the discussion on immigration,
Hon. Peter Mitchell advocated tlio
adoption of the Castle Garden system
with a central office where tho immigrants could be protected from the
sharks and crooks. Ho suggested
Quebec. Sir Richard Cartwright raised the old cry of Canada being made
the dumping ground lor the refuse
population of England. He thought
the bettor classes should bo encouraged.
Ottawa, April 8.—In the house of
commons this afternoon Sir John S.
D. Thompson in reply to Mr. Mara
Baid that he had received intelligence
that tho Imperial privy council to-dsy
hus decided the suit between the province of British Oolumbia and the
Dominion as to the ownership of the
precious metals in the 0. P. R. belt
in favor of that province. Mara expressed the hope that the Dominion
government will exchange these lnnds
for other lands in the Peace River
country. He said it was too late in
the session to introduce a motion to
that effect this session, but gave notice
that ho will bring up the matter the
first time that Mr. FoBter moves the
house to go into committee of supply.
The opposition made a vigorous attack to-dny on the franchise aot. When
the amendment act, introduced early
in the session by Sir S. D. Thompson
came up for the third reading, Mr.
Edgar objected to the amendments.
Mr. Charlton snid that the franchise
act is the worst piece of legislation
ever enacted. Sir John Macdonald
said it was useless to talk of repealing
the act. Ho had no intention of going
to the country just now, but before he
did the act would bo taken up. Hon.
Mr. Laurier, the leader of the opposition, declared that the act was rotten
to the core. He favored the adoption
of the voters' list of the various provinces for federal purposos, aud
thought that the time for manhood
suffrage has not arrived though he
favored the extension of the present
system. In conclusion he moved that
the bill be not now read a third time,
but that in the opinion of this house
the electoral franchise act should be
repealed and that the provincial voters'
lists should be adopted instead. Sir
Richard Cartwright and the Hon.
Peter Mitchell supported the amendment, und Messrs. Curran and Wilson
(Elgin) opposed it. The debate is still
in progress.
A division on Mr. Laurier's amendment was reached at midnight, it  being negatived by 30 majority, the yeas
being 75 and the nays 105.
Ottawa, April 2.—It is rumored
to-day that when the next shuffle in
the Dominion cabinet portfolios takes
place Mr. Haggart will become minister of Railways and either Mr. Colby
or Mr. Hall postmaster-general.
An order-in-council has been passed
appointing Sir John Macdonald and
Sir Adolpho Caron members of the
rail" ay committee of the private council in the place of Messrs. Pope and
The thirteen membors who voted in
the Jesuit debate are to be banquetted
by Ottawa Orangemen.
Hundreds attended the funeral today of the lato Hon. J. H. Popo. The
pall-hearers wore Sir Johu Macdonald,
Sir Hector Langevin, Sir Adolpho
Caron, Senator Cochrane and Messrs.
Trow, Colby and Alonzo Wright. Lord
Edward Stanley represented the gov.-
general. Messrs. Van Horno, of the
O. P. R,, and Wuinwright, of tho G.
T. R., were present. Tho funeral
service wns conducted by Rev. Mr.
Pollard, Anglican clergyman. A
special train conveyed the remains to
Cookshire, where the interment will
take place to-morrow. A rumor is
going the rounds that Mr. Popo died
a Catholic. This is denied. It was
stated owing to tho fact that the Rev.
Father Uundroau, nn old personal
friend of the deceased, called at the
houso yesterdny,
Senator Wark wil! introduce in tire
senate a resolution declaring it would
bo unjust to tho United Kingdom to
levy higher duties on goods imported
from thence, tlinn on goods of the
samo character imported from any
foreign country.
Ottawa, April 3.—The dominion
government received a cablegram from
London informing them that tlio judical com mittee of the privy council gave
judgment this morning in the Precious
Metals' case unreservedly in favor of
the province of British Columbia. Mr.
Mara questioned the minister of justice in the house this afternoon, and
received confirmation of the report.
Mr. Mara suggested that the government enter into negotations with the
British Columbia government with a
view to exchanging tho lands in the
twenty-mile belt for lands in the Peace
Biver district contiguous to the territories. The rules of the house preventing an enlargement of ths subject.
Mr. Mara will iutroduoe the question
at a future date.
The railway committoe declined to
give the Toronto corporation power to
compel telegraph and telephone companies to place their wires underground, for the reason that the matter
was within the competency of the
provincial legislature, being a municipal question.
Sir John and Lady Macdonald have
cancelled all social engagements'owing
to tho death of the miniiter of railways.
The impression prevails that poroga-
tion cannot take place before May 1st,
owing to obstruction by opposition
C. C. Richards & Co.
Gents,—I was cured of a severe attack
of rheumatism by MINARD'S LINIMENT, after trying all other remedies
for 2 yeors.
Gkorge Tisolky.
Albert Co., N. B.
0, C. Richards & Co.
Gents,—I had a valuable colt so bad
with mange, I feared I would loso it. I
cured him liko magic
OKABLIE'' (514 0. R.) Will
jfiB'TjFaraake the season of 1880 as
r^*?r "-follows:
Kino Hknjiy, at  Liulnoi's, Mud Bay,
Semiahmoo, Clover Valley and Langley.
Piunck CuAiihiE, at Ladner's und Luln
Terms—King Henry, 815.00 to Insure.
PrlnceChurilo, 25.00     "
Not responsible for accidents.   Por further particulars enquire of tho undersigned tit Ladner's.
wapSml H. D. BENSON.
HThey are not only made- of the
Choicest Tobacco but they are of
Home Manufacture, and should be
patronized by all good citizens.
WM. TIETJEN, Manufacturer,
Ottawa, April 4.—Tho Bill to
amend the Franchise Act wns considered in committee for five hours to-day.
The committee then rose and reported
progress. Sir J. S. D. Thompson introduced an amendment providing that
the names of thoso convicted of corruption at elections should be struck
off the list for 7 years.
Hon. C. H. Tupper's bill to amend
the Act respecting the safely of ships
received its second reading after a
strong debate. Tlio amendments apply tho lauguago of tho English Act in
ordor to secure convictions which owing to misinterpretations of the clauses
of the acts were impossible hereto.
The supplementary estimates for tho
current lineal year ending June, reach
82,01)7,000. The appropriation include
814,700 for tho year for tho steam service between Victoria and San Francisco from 1st September, 1888, to 30th
July, 1889; $12,200 for the amount
required for the increase in tho Canadian Paoific Railway mail service in
British Columbia.
London, April. 4.—Sir Charles
Russell resumed his speech for the defence to-day beforo the Parnell commission. He explained the constitution and objects of the national league,
Mr. Michael Davitt, he said, was the
founder of the league; Mr. Parnell,
the president of it. Iu the league's
executive committee thoro were only
five men who had been connected with
soorot organizations. Sir Charles declared that the league's appeals to the
Irish people were of necessity based on
constitutional methods. The organization fulfilled a high duty as a guide to
the Irish farmers iu distress and who
were deprived of thsir natural rights.
Mr. Parnell and his followers wero
villified and misrepresented as John
Bright, Michael Oobden and other reformers had been. Sir Charles Russell said that prominent members of
the league favored boycotting, which
to a certain point wns justifiable and
right. Mr. Parnell, said ho, is not
liable, criminally or otherwise, unless
he became a party to murder and outrage as a part of the loaguo's agreed
Sydney, N.S.W., April 4—The
British man-of-war Calliope, which ran
out of the hurricane at Samoa and for
whoso safety fears havo since been expressed, hns arrived safely at this port.
It transpires that before the hurricane
came on overy precaution had been
taken on the Calliope, live anchors
had been dropped and everything
made ready for a big blow, ln the
height of the storm tlio chains of four
of the anchors snapped, and the vessel commenced to drift. Caption Kane
then determined to leave the harbour
where the danger of beinu thrown ou
a reef was imminent, and roach, if possible, the opon sea. This ho eventually accomplished after a hard fight,
dunng which the vessel mado only a
half knot an hour. The seas that
broko over the ship were tremendous
and did much damage. No lives wero
lost, however. Thousands of peoplo
are flocking to visit the vessel and
praise the pluck of the captain in
bringing his ship through  safely.
for Infants and Children.
"Oaslorlaissowelladaptodtochadronthat I Castoria cares Colic, Constipation,
I recommend it as superior to any prcscrintloa I Bow Stomach, Diarrhoea, Eructation.
known*™."     H.*I Ajum-a.M^ '        ^JST ■*"■ **       **""
Ul 8ft Oxford St, Brooklyn, N. T.   I Wit-bout injurious medication.
Thb CENTAua Company, 77 Murray Street, N. Y.
- A IH? •
Jas. Ella
Call Early tor First Choice
-t1"- Cxa/xLJ^.Cj-
Practical Watchmaker, Manufacturing
Jeweler & Optician.
A full line of .Spectacles & Eye-Glasses in steol, rubber, silvor and gol I
frames.   Tho finest Pebbles made. $4 por pair; nil sights suited.
Spocial attention giveu to PINE WATCH REPAIRS. Having learned tin
business thoroughly from some of the finest Horo'ogcrs in England, nud sinco then
managed the watch-repairing departments o" a fow of the best firms on the continent of America, is a sufficient guarantee ol good workmanship. Formerly manager for nearly 8 years of the well-known firm of Savage k Lyman, Moitroai.
Charges moderate,
Montreal, Deo., 1887.—Mr, F, Crake Andw, Robertson, Esq., Chairman ol
Montreal Harbor Commissioners, snysi "I never found a Watchmaker who did sir
well for me as you did when in Montreal, and 1 am sorry you are not here to-day."
Douglas & Deighton,
Colonial Block,
Columbia Street,       New Westminster, B. C.
Constantly on Hnnd an Extensive Stook of
Dry Ooods, Groceries,  Boots A Shoes, Hats A Caps,
Crockery, Glassware, &c.
-UB-N"8     SB    BOTS'     SUITS.
Great Variety of Household Artioles.   Also,
H. B.—Farm Produce bought at market rates or sold on commission. va-Ordcrs
bom tha Interior promptly attended to. dwjesto
Lot 487, ln tlie Municipality of
clay loam: about 70 acreH cleared and
fenced Willi good fencing; good bearing
orchard, small frame house, large barn
and stablo; good water, both well and
crook; facing on Frasor river with good
steamboat landing. Price, 81,000, liberal
terms.        Apply to
noOdlt-wlo 01illllwhnok,B.O.
Family Groceries
Colombia Slreet,       New Westminster.
notice that he has sold to Mrs. Clara
Ross all his right, title and Interest In and
to the premises known as the St. Leonard's Hotel, situate on Semiahmoo Bay.
Mrs. Ross undertakes to bo responsible
for all debts and will collect all accounts
due to said Hotel.
Dated at New Westminster this Ilth day
of Maroh, 1880.
wmhlSml V/M, ROXBURGH.
Dominion^ Lands.
I Pre-oinpllon or torrent of Mining or
Grilling Lnuil, or buying Farm, Mining
or nny land Irom the Dominion Government,
But pay In SfORXF aud save a
hirgo discouiit.
Serin cau buobtuined In largeorBmall
qua mil ies from
u   (I
w   r
Hi   ri
*£m  9,
Lot ndmii Harris
sz oo.
Real  Estate,
Financial-1 Agents
Purchase Sell and Lease Property,
Collect Rents,
Make Loans on Mortgages,
And transact all Business relating to
Real Estate.
london Assurance Corporation.
Connecticut Fire Insurance Go. of
London and Lancashire Life Assurance Oo.
Canton Insurance Olllcc, Id. (Marine)
Columbia St., New West'r.
41 Government St., Victoria
Foundry Machine Works
works hnve much plensure In notifying their friends and lhe public that Ihoy
nre now prepared lo recolvo and promptly
execute any orders for work in lliolr line
with which they may be favored.
Mechnnical Manager.
Vanoouver, B.C., Sth May, 1888.
Fruit Trees,
Ornamental Trees,        .
Small Frnlts,
And GARDEN STOCK on hnnd In great
Everything flrst-clnss nnd furnished ln
good shape.
itt- Send 15 ots. for valuable 80-pnge|De-
sorlptlvo Catalogue with 6 beautlfulcol-
ored plates.  Price Lists sent free.
dwdelOto Port Hammond, B. C.
Cor. Columbia aho Chu-ioh Sis.,
New Westminster, Brit. Col.
Monuments, Headstones, Tablets, Etc.,
In Marble or Granite of Best Quality.
N. B.—Just received—the finest assortment of Nnotcli Granite Monuments over
seen In British Columbia, whleh will be
sold at prlfos putting competition out of
the question.
dwmh2lyl ALEX. HAMILTON, Prop.
Real Estate Brokers and
Financial Agents.
Confederation Life Association of
Royal and Lancashire Fire Insnrance Companies.
tta-Vnlunblc Lots for sale in the City
and District of Westminster; anil ohoico
Lots ln the City of Vancouver.
Porsons wishing to buyer sell city or
rural property should communicate with   I
Offlcesi Bnnk of B.C. building, opposite
postoffiee, Westminster, and Hastings St.,
Vancouver. dwaplflto
Importers and Dealers ln
And overy speclea of dlrwnso arlBlnff from
disordered LIVLII,    KIDICV8,   L.uMAGH,
T. IILBURN & CO., ^'^onto
Mary Street, NewWestminster, B.C.
London and Lancashire Fire and
British Bmpire Life Insurance
New Westmlnater Building Society.
Accountant'! Oflice, Diocese or N.W.
City Andltora, 1816, 188T and 1888.
and otlier monetary transactions.
Have several good Investments on their
books, and all new comers will do well to
oall before doing business elsewhere


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