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The British Columbian, Weekly Edition Apr 24, 1889

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 !! A DeOosaios,''
itish Columbian.
Every Afternoon except Knnday,
KBns-TiN'an'DTr     bbothbbs,
At their Steam   Printing  Kstabllsh-
ment, Columbia Btreet.
BY    MAITj:
For 12 montbs U («
For 6 months •• 4 2*5
For 8 months - '.i 25
For 12 monthB 810 00
For 6 months  6 25
Per month      8u
Per week ..............»■..,«......*■»■      •*.*'
Payment in ail cases (except for weekly
rate) to be made ln advance.
Issued every Wednehday Morning.
Delivered In tbe City, per year. £100
Hailed, per year
Mailed, 8 months,
Tranilent Advertisements.-Pt rst 1 u tm r-
float 10 ots. per line solid nonpareil; eaoh
subsequent consecutive insertion, 8 ots. per
Hue, Advertisements not Inserted every
day—flrst Insertion, 10 cts. per line; subsequent insertions, Sets, per llne.
gtniidliig Advcrtf'ciuemB.—Professional or Business Cards—52 per month. Special rates for general trade advertising,
according to space occupied and duration
•f contract.
Auction Sales, when displayed, charged
25 per cent, less than Iran-iient ailvta, If
■olid, oharged at regular transient rate*.
Special Notices among reading raanur,
20 cts. per line each Insertion. Specials
Inserted by the montb at reduced rates.
Births, Marriages and Deaths, $1 for each
Insertion: Funeral Notices ln connection
With deaths, GO Ots. e. ch insertion.
Transient Advertisements.—First insertion, 10 cts. per line solid nonpareil; subsequent Insertions, 7 eta. per line.
Standing Advertisements.—Professional or Business Cards-$1.50 per montb.
Bpeoial rates for general trade ad vertlsl ifg.
Special Notices, Births, Marriages and
Deaths, same rates as Daily.
Cats must he all metal,and forlargecuts
an extra rate will be charged.
•WPersons sending ln advertisements
should be careful to state whether they
are to appear In the Daily Edition, or tbe
Weekly, or both. A liberal reduction Is
made when inserted in both. No advertisement inserted for less than $1.
Who do not receive their paper regularly,
from iho C-triers or through the Post
Offlce, will confer a favor by reporting I ho
same to niie offlce of pub) ication at once.
Weekly Britisli Columbian,
Wednesday Heroin;. April 114. less.
The latest craze in the United
States—and it is at fever heat just
now—is the Oklahoma land excitement. The history of this affair, according to American exchanges, is
as follows: The new territory of
Oklahoma, which will be thrown
open to settlement on the 22nd of
the present month, embraces somo
23,000,000 acres, while Oklahoma
proper, which has been the scene of
the successive invasions and evictions of settlers ever since 1880, has
only 1,887,800 aores. This original
tract of Oklahoma, which is in tho
heart of the Indian Territory, was,
in 1850, given by congress to
the Creeks and remained in their
undisputed possession until in 1856
they made a treaty with the neighboring Seminoles, under which they
held the country jointly for ten
years, when they united in selling it
to the United States for about 15
cents an acre, A few months after
the sale congress granted the Atlantic & Pacific Railway a right of wuy
through the purchased tract, together with alternate sections of
land for forty miles un either side of
the road-bed. The road was surveyed but never built, for the company could not make it pay unless
the country was settled, and settlers
could not legally enter it. Thoir
exclusion was owing to the fact that
the Creeks and Seminoles sold the
land to the government for the use
of othor Indians and freedmen, and
that it could not be given to tho use
of the whites without the consent of
the Indians and the subsequent proclamation by the president of the
United States that the land was
open to settlement. This was the
state of the case when an Indiana
adventurer by the name of Payne
organized an Oklahoma town company with an alleged capital of .?2,-
000,000 and, with twenty-five men,
succeeded in 1880 in escaping the
vigilance of the army and founding
a town, called Ewing, in the forbidden land, But in about three
weeks the town was summarily depopulated owing to the imprisonment
of all its inhabitants. From that
time on, however, new settlements
have been constantly made by fresh
invaders—the largest being effected
by Payne in 1884, when he succeeded in getting 600 people into tbe
country and founding the town of
'Rock Falls. But this rising city,
like its predecessors, soon fell a victim to the irresistible power of ths
| military. The pressure of the boomers has been such as to force from
the Indians (so says one of their
number) a reluctant consent to the
i whites entering tho country. The lat
ter are now collected, it is estimated
30,000 strong, on the Kansas border,
and at the word "go," on the 22nd of
this month, they will make a mad
dash, on foot and by horse and team,
for the promised land of Oklahoma,
whicli the boomers have been industriously describing as "a land flowing with milk and honey." A late
Kansas Oity despatch says that in
that oity Oklahoma is the one topic
on every tongue and tho one end of
every enterprise. The local jobbing
trade is holding off its regular custom to supply the one source of demand. Hardly sufficient for the
current needs of the city is left in
the hardware stores and the imple
mentand general merchandise stores.
In Santa Fe the freight yards are
crowded. On tho tracks and under
moving orders are about thirty huge
trains freighted with anticipated
necessities of the coming community.
There aro houses in sections ready
to be bolted together and entered
for habitation within sixty minutes
after their delivery. There are
completed stocks of every conceivable sort of merchandise, and with
each carload of stock is packed away
tho building required to harbor it.
In this mannor drug stores, dry
goods, boot and shoe stores, saloons
and groceries are drawn up in readiness to be be launched forward upon
a favored centre. It is estimated
that by May 1st there will bo sixty
thousand eager land seekers jostling
each other for choice locations in
the virgin territory. Fierce disputes and unbridled lawlessons may
be expected to be the order for some
In an exchange, the otber day, wo
read certain remarks which struck
us .ts being very sensible, nbout evils
prevalent in our public schools. One
of those was the system of putting
all the children through the same
mill—measuring them by the same
standard. We don't enter cart
horses for the Derby, nor do we put
racers in the plough; but we seem to
think that one child ought to be
able, with proper diligence, to master any branch of study which is
mastered by another of the samo
age. True education is the development of innate capacity, and if our
educators could only be brought to
recognize this, the world would be
less cursed with the awkwardness of
square pegs in round holes. The
present system seems to reserve its
applause chiefly for the parrot faculty, while the child whose mind insists on knowing "the reason why"
of one thing before it goes on to the
next is apt to be left behind—for
the time, at least. Isaac Newton,
Adam Clarke, Dr. Chalmers, Walter
Scott, John Howard, Napoleon, and
Wellington were all rated "dull" at
Mr. Secretary Blaine and the
Maine senators are said to be hatching an "agressive" polioy for the
approaching fishing season. Senator
Frey wants no negotiation, but a
"dignified" insistence on the American "rights"—whatever they may
be. But there is a pretty general
feeling in Canada that we have
gone as far in tho way of surrender
of our "rights" as it is all "dignified" to go. It ought to be quite
safe to say that the two nations which
lead the van of civilization could
not quarrel seriously over a few
codfish; but the fact remains that
bullying aggression must be resisted
at all costs and hazards.
Children Cryfor
"I have seen many narrow
escapes from death and witnessed
many thrilling incidents," said
veteran James Tilghman, of Queen
Anne's Oounty. Mr. Tilghman
was a brave and intrepid officer in
(Jen. J. E, B. Stuart's command,
and is now a prominent member of
the Maryland Confederate societies,
Beoause of his reckless daring and
chivalrous dash he was dubbed
"Headlong Jim Tilghman" during
the war, and the name has clung to
him ever since. "One of the most
laughable incidents I ever witnessed
while under fire," he continued,
"was the conduct of a long, lank
North Carolinian in the wilderness,
His leg had been shot off early in
the war, and he was supplied with a
wooden one, with which, strange to
say, he got about with remarkable
faoility. One day he was charging
with his oompany, and was climbing
over a fence, when spat I a minnie
ball buried itself in his wooden leg,
Ejecting an immense stream of
tobacco juice, 'Darn ye, I fooled yo
that time 1' he yelled triumphantly,
and rushed on with his comrades,"
Pitcher's Castoria*
1-rc-ss Despatches.
London, April 16.—The latest news
from the Hon. J. A. Chapleau, who
left Queenstowu by the Btr. Etruria
yeaterday is that he is in excellent
health and spirits. Dr. Guyon assured
him that he is now thoroughly restored
to health.
Minneapolis, April 16.—A bold
and nearly successful attempt was
made to rob the State Bank. Two
men went into the bank when only
two employes were present, one cov
ereed the employes with a revolver
while the other jumped over the railing, thrust about eight thousand doi
lurs into a valise. At this moment •
depositor entered and this forced the
uncovering of the asst. cashier who
rushed to the safo to get a revolver.
The robber then threw the valise to
hia accomplice who dashed into the
president's room by mistake then
jumped through a window and fled,
meanwhile the other man escaped.
There was a wild chase in which three
or four policemen joined and finally
the two rubbers were captured and
lodged in jail. The names of the men
are given as Jas. Henry and Fred.
Santa Rosa, Cal., April 16.—Last
uight betweon 9 and 10 o'olock the
works of tho plaining mill and building company owned by Ludwig,
Kroncke & Borka wore almost totally
destroyed by fire Tho loss is estimated $20,000, insurance 85,000. The
night watchman snys that he went into the building on noticing a light,
found thorn masker! men, ono of whom
in passing him dealt him a severe blow
on the cheek. It is believed they fired
the place.
San Fbanoisco, April 17. — The
Chroniclt this morning referring editorially to un Ottawa despatch stating
that tho Canadian parliament will consider next Wednesday a resolution
providing for the payment of a subsidy
to any individual or company to assist
in establishing steamship lines between
British Columbia and the Australian
colonies, and New Zealand, and China
and Japan, says that if parliament
favorably considers the resolution, the
establishment of such services would
effectually result in driving American
steamers from the Pacific, and diverting the entire traffic to the Canadian
New York, April 17.—The ferry
boat New Brunswick, uf the Pennsylvania Railway Co., caught lire this
noon, when near the dock iu Jersey
City, The flames spread to every
part of the boat and it burned almost
to the waters edge. The passengers
became panic stricken, but all were
safely landed although it was with the
greatest difficulty that the boat was
piloted into the slip. Some of the
horses and vehicles on board were
burned. The New Brunswick was
just leaving the slip when the tire oo-
cured, lt started in the engine room.
The loss of the boat is $115,000. Three
teams and truck wore bnrned.
Washington,D. C, April 17.—Mre.
Febigor, wifo of Admiral Febiger, who
was injured by being thrown from a
carriage on Sunday last, died this
morning. The lady never recovered
consciousness after the accident.
New Yokk, April 17.—Tho work of
cutting down the poles and wires on
Broadway, abovo Fourteenth street
proceeded to-day. Better progress
was made than yesterday.
San Fbanoisco, April 17.—A private cablegram received here this afternoon from London, Bays that O'Connor, the champion oarsman of America,
and Searles, the Australian champion,
have beon matched to row in England
for the championship of the world.
Ohioaoo, April 17.—It ia reported
that tho Union Pacifio haB concluded
to withdraw its guarantee of 6 per
cent, for the Oregon Navigation stock,
whioh it agreed to with tho Northern
Pacific when it entered into the compact with the latter Co. a year ago,
dividing up the territory embracing
westorn Montana, Oregon and Washington Territory. Tho allianoe has
been unprofitable to theUnion Pacific
and the compact, it is said, will be
Chicago, April 17.—The municipal
elections throughout the state have resulted in increased majorities in favor
of high license.
New Yoiik, April 17.—Mr. Strausse,
engaged iu the foreign fruit trade, is
reported to have received a cablegram
to the effeot that a vessel in the foreign
fruit trade had picked up the passengers and crew of the steamer Denmark.
Joliei, III., April 17.—Fred B.
Hughes, engineer, and Frank Converse, conductor of the train thst ran
into the passenger train on the Santa
Fe road last Wednesday, whereby .4
persons lost their lives, were to-dsy
found guilty of gross carelessness by
the coroner's jury. They have been
arrested and are held for trial without
Washinoton, April 17.—The plans
for the building of the relief station
at Port Barrow, Alaska, have been
completed. Lieut. J. C. Cantwell, of
the marine corps, has started for San
Franoisco, bearing with him the plans
and specifications for the construction
of the atation. The house will then
bo built at San Francisco and constructed in sections and transported to
Port Barrow, together with suoh men
as are wanted to take care of the stores
and station after it has been established. There will be sufficient food and
fuel placed in the new house to accomodate 150 men for 9 month.
Gd.rot, Cal., April, 17.—A serious
affray botween Wm. Watson and Mas-
sey Thomas, Jr., woll known and
wealthy farmers, occured yesterday
afternoon 11 miles from horo, which
may result fatally to Thomas, who was
stabbed by Watson with a knife during the struggle. The wounded man
requested that no arrest be made, he
being the aggressor. Probably as the
wound is dangerous tho request will
not be complied with.
Lonbon, April 17.—While Lord
Hartington was speaking to-day at the
opening of tho now infirmary at Sunderland, a platform, upon which were
a number of guests, collapsed, and tho
mayoress of Sunderland had her leg
broken. Two ladiea and two gentlemen wore injured. There was no
Vienna, April 17.—In an explosion
to-day in the colliery belonging to
BothBchields at Tiefhlan, Austria, five
men were killed and two dangerously
injured.   Six are missing.
Liverpool, April 17.—6000 emigrants embarked on the steamers which
sailed from thiB port to-day. Most of
the emigranta are bound for the U.S.,
and a few go to tho Argentine Republic.
Rome, April 17.—The Pope who has
been ill with a severe cold for the past
few days, grows no better, but is somewhat worse.
London, April 17. — The Clyde
sugar market to-day opened 6 pence
lower and subsequently advanced two
shillings. The market greatly is excited over the report that heavy buying is inaugurated in continentiul markets for American accounts.
London, April 17.—The managers
of tho prosecution against Boulanger
have decided that the proceedings of
tho senate, as a court of impeach incut,
shall be secret. This causes much
discontent and throws still more suspicion on the trial. Boulangists deny
in a most positive manner that the
general made any compromising remarks on the eve of president Carnet's
election. They charge that it was M.
Ferry's man who declared that wilh
the help of Gen. Gallipt he could secure the presidency.
Pabis, April 17.—In view of the
conduct of hiB wife, Clinton B. Ferry,
the millionare lumber merchant of
Tacoma, W. T., haa filed.a petition
tor divorce this morning. The papors
to-day print tho whole story of Ferrys
trouble, which waB briefly mentioned
in last nights despatches. Ferry devoted the most of his time to the collection of paintings, and to hunting
up rare pieces of artistic bric-a-brac.
Mrs. Ferry spent most of her time in
shopping, visiting friends and driving.
In the course of her shopping expeditions ahe made numerous frienda who
had not the advantage of her husband's
acquaintance. Among the most welcome of her daily visitors was one
named Hippolyte, an English speaking
salesman. Mrs. Ferry soon bcame
quite infatuated with the young man
and her conduct with him gave rise
to much comment of uncomplimentary
nature among the Americans, About
10 days ago, Ferry returning somewhat unexpectedly from a search for
aome work of tho Old Masters, uvor-
hoard his wife and Hippolyte talking
together in a manner which denoted
more than ordinary intimacy and he
had him thrown out of the house.
Ferry employed private detectives to
watch Mrs. Ferry and yesterday
afternoon the wife was tracked to a
fourth rate hotel where she was surprised half an hour later by Ferry who
was accompanied by a commissary of th. police and a number
of constables. Mrs. Ferry sprang at
husband the very moment the dour
had been burst open, and before the
police could interfere she had bitten
off a portion of his noso. Hippolyte
succeeded in effecting his escape. Carriages were then called and a procession was formed wliich was to conduct
tho wife to St. Lazaro, tho prison reserved for disreputablo women. On
the way to jail, Ferry was forced by
the painofhis nose to stop at a doctors.
When tho police arrived at the prison gates with Mrs. Ferry her committal was refused thore, in con
sequence of the absence uf the husband.
Taking advantage of the situation shu
prevailed upon the commissary to let
her go and sho vanished before Iho arrival of her husband. She has not
since been heard of.
London, April 17.—Mr. Parnell
has engaged Mr. Arthur Russell in hia
libel suit against tho Times. The trial
will come off noxt autumn, The
charges are that the Times published a
fac simile of a letter falsely ascribed to
Mr. Parnell in 1887 and various other
forgeries ascribed to Mr. Parnell. The
oase will be confined to the forged letters.
London, April 17.—There is intense
irritation throughout the beer trade
over the proposal of Mr. Goschen to
increase the tax on malt liquors. The
brewers held a meeting to discuss
matters, and have informed Mr. Goschen that a deputation representing
them will wait upon him to protest
against his method of imposing what
is apparently to be a permanent tax
upon their product. Mr. Goschen is
reminded try theso gentlemen that
Mr. Gladstone once attempted to raise
a tax on beer, and lost the premiership
in consequence.
Montreal, April 18.—The prisoners
in the jail at St. Joseph De La Beauce,
between Montreal and Quebec, revolted lust night and shot down jailor
Gadbout and police sergeant Harper.
Five convicts escaped. The jailer's
young daughter gave au alarm to the
villagers, who helped to secure tho
riotous prisoners. Two of the oscaped
prisoners, were captured. The police
of Montreal are tracking tho others.
Niagara Falls, N. Y, April 18.—
James Munda, an Italian workman,
employed on the uew Suspension
bridge, lost his footing this morning
and fell to the water 175 feet below,
lie roso to the surface and swam towards the boats that put out from the
shore for his rescue, but sank exhausted before he could be reached and
Habtfohp, Conn., April 18.—John
H. Swift was hanged in the jail yard
here this morning fur murdering his
wife on July 7th 1887. He died coolly
and unconcerned.
New York, April 18.—The agents
of Thingvalla lino repurt again nu
news whatever has been receivod nf
fate of the passengers and crew uf the
S. S. Denmark. The "Alastia," of
the Anchor Line, arrived from Gib-
ralter to-day, but her otticers had seen
no traco of lost vessel or her passengers.
San Francisco, April 18.—Mra.
Mary Darling, a dressmaker, 25 years
of age, the wife of a coachman shot
and killed herself with a revolver last
night. Business losses and despondency were the cause.
New York, April 18.—The steamer
Darial from New Castle reports having
passed a iceberg fully 150 feet high
and over 600 feet long on April 2nd,
A number of shipping men believe
that this iceberg disabled the steamer
Boston, April 18.—General Paine,
owner of the yateht Volunteer whicli
won the international yateht race last
year, has given an elaborate cup to the
eastern yateht club of this city. The
secretary of the club hus issued the
following circular: A challenge cup
for international matches between
yotchts not exceeding seventy feet
water lines haB been offered to eastern
yateht club and has been accepted.
The club nuw announces that a match
of one or more races will be sailed
for the said international cup after the
races for the America cup.
Aew York, April 18.—No news has
been received by incoming vessels today of the str. Denmark's passengers.
New Yobk, April 18.—Michael
Early, a lineman engaged in removing
the wires from the poles on Sixth avo.,
which are being cut down by the city,
was killed this morning. Hugh Reilly,
another lineman, severely injured.
The accident occurred shortly after 9
o'clock. Work began to-day at seven
o'elook. One gang of men continued
cutting the wires from 25th st. up, and
another began at 23rd st. and took
down the poles from which wires had
been stripped. About nine o'clock a
pole in front of 38th and 6 ave. was
reached and two men began to chop
the pole whileothors guided ituwuy from
the store windows. On account of the
elevated roads it waa necessary to support the poles with guy ropes in order
to allow them to fall sideways into the
street. Early and Reilly were detailed
to fasten the guy ropes to the upper
part of the building opposite the p 'le,
and managed to lower the ropes from
the third story. Thoso were attached
to the top of the pole and drawn tight
by the two men. Early was astride
the rope and Reilly was standing out-
Bide the window holding the rope. At
9:20 the axemen finished and a signal
was given to lower he pole. It fell
with a crash towatd 23rd St. and as it
fell loud cries of horror arose from the
crowd. The two men had fallen to
the ground. Early was lying flat on
his face and Reilly on top of him. The
crowd rushed to the spot and willing
hands lifted Reilly, who waa partly
conscious, and took him to a neighboring saloon, Early presented a horrible
appearance, his head being crushed
and blood gushed from five wounds.
An ambulance was summoned from
the New York hospital and tho surgeuti
who accompanied it said Reilly would
probably die in a few minutes. He
could find no external injuries but
thought he was fatally injured in
ternnlly. Early was killed instantly.
The body was removod to a polico
station. The mon in charge ot the
work say the accident was due to the
men not keeping clear of the guy
Springfield, Mass., April 18.—Jos.
King, a wealthy citizen, 78 years of
age, residing at West Farms, a farming hamlet near Westfield Centre, wss
shot and killed to-day by Edgar King,
his eldest son, and the house set on
lire and destroyed. Sometime after
a shot was heard and the murderer was
found lying in a pool of blood, having
shot himself. The cause of the crime
is traceable to an unbalanced mind.
The murderer and suicide had planned
the deeds. Four days ago he gave
Oharles A. Olark a sealed manuscript
which he was requested to keep and
not open it until some time in the futuro. The papers were read and ro
vealed the determination of Edgar to
kill his father, besides ending his own
life. The story of the shooting is
brief. At 2 o'clock this morning Mr,
King was lying asleep in bed and his
wife, who had not undressed, was on
the sola in the aomo room. The latter
was awakened by a revolver shot. The
son had stolen in through tho sitting
room and aimed three shots at his
father, one of whioh took effeot over
the right eye, ono in the neck and the
other in the breast. Death was instantaneous. His reply to his
mother's pleadings was to send for
Clark. He then vainly endeavored
to enter the room occupied by his two
aunts, Mrs. Tuttlo and Mrs. Moore,
and failing in this he retired and set
fi re to the liouse. The women's screams
brought neighbors to the scene. A
farm hand, Horace Clapp, removed the
dead body from the burning houae and
a search' was mado for tho murderer, and it was not until some three
hours later that the revolver shot attracted attention to the spot, where he
was found in dying condition. He
died an hour after. The two bodies
to-day were viewed by a medical examiner from Westfield, and that of the
son was buried this afternoon in manner
requested in his manuscript. A pine
box only was used and four neighbors,
whose names he specified were present; no members of the family attended.
Boston, April 18—Charles Franois
Adams, president of the Union Pacific, says the report that his company
will reduce the guarantee on the Oregon Railway and Navigation Company's stock, is purely  imaginative.
Los Angeles, Cal., April 18 —The
fire in tho press room of the Tribune
late last night, caused twenty thousand
dollors worth of damage.
Helena, Montana, April 18.—At
Groat Falls yesterday, a team ran away
with A. G. Benson, one of the leading
merchants of this town. The team
plunged into tho river and Benson,
who made vigorous efforts to rescue
them, was carried under and drowned.
Washington, April 18.—The president to dey made the following appointments: Edward S. Lneey, of
Mich., to be comptroller of currency;
Timothy Grey Phelps to be the collector of customs for the district of
San Francisco.
Minneapolis, April 18.—Louis Holman, right clork of the Northern Pacific Express Company, at Brainerd,
Minn., this morning received twopkgs.
of money, consigned to the 1st National
Bank. Ono contained $15,000 in silver, the other $16,000 in gold. He
says he put them in the safe and locked it Later, when he went to check
up, the gold package was missing, and
cannot be found.
New York, April 18.—Two patents
for the inventions of Eda Weston,
ten years ago, covering tho armature
of el.ctriu lighting dynamos and motors
now in use, have just been issued lo
the Westinghouse Electric Co., and are
said to constitute a new element of
great strength to the Sswyer-Mann-
\Vestinghou8e combination. The Edison Co. has takon license undor theae
two patents.
Edinburgh, April 18.—The town
council of Edinburgh has decided by a
voto of 8 to 5 to confer the freedom of
the city on Parnell.
London, April 18.—The only excitement perceptible this week is in sugar
trade and it is felt from the Clyde to
the Danube. Complaints of the rise
in prices are especially stiong from
Germany and Austria. The estimate
of the visible supply of sugar makes
3,500,000 tons less than it was in tho
corresponding week of last year.
London, April 18.—The Thursis
mine offered first class copper ingots
in the Glasgow market to-day at £66.
Berlin, April 18.—There have been
furious snow storms in Silesia, which
have added to the distress caused by
the recent floods, and may cause a renewal of the latter.
Dublin, April 18.—Father McFadden, arrested on charge of being implicated in tho murder of police inspector
Martin, at Gweedore, waB admitted to
bail, the counsel for the crown consenting.
London, April 18.—The Clyde sugar
market is again excited over crushed
sugar. Twenty minutes after the
market opened to-day everything was
S"ld and prices immediately went a
shilling higher.
Queenston, April 18.—Tho National lino S. S. Queen, from New York,
April 4th, arrived to-day. She passed
over the samo course as the Cily of
Chester, which sighted the abandoned
Denmark. She reports she neither
heard nor saw anything of the Denmark nor of her missing passengers and
The TUcresa Arrives wllh Bndder Gone
and Lars Dp for Hopnlr»..-An American
Sargeon Thinks llchrlng's Sea will be
Kept Closed.
Special to the Columbian.
The schooner Theresa has arrived,
from the sealing grounds with her
rudder carried away and her keel
sprung. She has been hauled up for
repairs.   She has 150 sealskins.
Dr. Rush, surgeon of the U. S.
gunboat Pinta, who has heen stationed
on the Alaska coast for the past five
years, stated yesterday his opinion
that the U. S. government would
strictly enforce President Harrison's
proclamation closing Behring's Sea. 'In
relation to the charges preferred by
Gov. Swineford against the Alaska
Commercial Co., he says it is his belief the accusations are mainly true.
Gov. Swineford made a tour through
the country, observed for himself,
took copious notes of the actual condition of affairs and reported accordingly. -rlfr1l1T"rlnr-'g**"-,™"'ri
Weekly British Columbian
Wednesday Jliiviiiitg, April 31, 1889.
(From Daily Columbian, April 20.)
To-dny brings tho Lenten season to
a close.
Chief Beardy died at Duel; Lake on
Thursday, Ho took a prominent part
in tlio rebellion.
Salmon averaged over 20 to tho
boat yesterday, n largo increase over
any previous day'u ontch   this   season.
Tho meat markets to-day mado
splendid displays of beef, mutton,
lamb, veal, etc., fov the Easter market.
Nothing could speak bet'er for the
manners in which Good Friday was observed ilinu to-days blank sheet at the
police court.
Tho Dominion Illustrated of April
13th, contains some fine illustrations
of Canadian scenery and portraits of
prominent men.
Mr. Henry V. Edmonds is calling
for tenders for the erection of a two-
story building on the corner of Douglas and Columbia streets.
The dust on Columbia street this
morning was something frightful and
made everyone hope that the watering
carts would soon be in use.
A number of the lady members of
Holy Trinity church met this afternoon and decorated most beautifully,
with flowers, the altar, for the Easter
Fish shipments to-day were largo.
Over 3000 lbs. of salmon were shipped
east, principally to Montreal; 100 lbs.
oolachans and 900 lbs. sturgeon to
Joseph Brisbois, of St. Eustaohe,
Que., jumped into a woll years ago and
was rescued. Twelve months later he
cut his throat with a razor but recovered. Thursday ho hung himself
in a barn, but is not dead yet.
Good Friday was generally observed
throughout the oity yesterday. The
stores were all closed and tho streets
woro as quiet aud sombre looking as
on Sunday. Tho services at the different churches were all largely attended,
Tho str. Princess Louise brought
over from Victoria yesterday 39 head
of Oregon cattle, tho lirst to arrive
from sound porta this season. She
left on the return trip this morning
with 25 tons farm produco and 30 passengers.
The proprietor of the San Francisco
Water Front Gazette, a disreputable
sheet, which recently devoted several
of its columns to the vilification of Vic-
toriaus, was given ono hour to leave
town by Mayor Grant, a fow days ago.
He left.—Colonist.
A telegram received from Ottawa
to-day by the secretary of the board of
trade, states that Mr. D. Chisholm,
M. P., is seriously ill, and unable to
attend to any business. It is to be
hoped the hon. gentleman will soon
regain his customary health.
Hendersun's Gazetteer and Directory of British Columbia, North-west
territories and Manitoba, for 1889, is
to hand. As its title would imply,
this is a very comprehensive and valuable book of reference. It is neatly
printed and bound, and the contents
are conveniently arranged.
The base ball match, yesterday, between the lirst and second "nines" attracted a large audience. Considering
it was the first game of the season the
play was very fair. The first nine
battery worked for both sides, aud did
Borne pretty curves. The game resulted in a victory for the seniors by a
score of 22 to 20.
The Courier states that a warrant
was sworn out beforo Mr. Porter, J.
P., at Chemainus, a few days ago
against one Dolle- for abducting the
thirteen-year old daughter of W. Jack,
formerly of Nanaimo. Dolle is in
hiding nnd cannot bo found, whilo the
girl has been recovered and placed in
the convent at Cowichan.
We have recoived a copy of William's
British Columbia directory for 1889,
printed in Victoria. This is a much
larger volnmo than any directory previously issued by the samo publisher.
It contains several new features and
methods of arrangement, and is a most
complete reference book for tho province. It is tho intention of the publisher to issue separate island aud
mainland directories fur 1890, in two
volumes at $1.25 por volume.
Trent Fishing.
Many lovera of angling took advantage of tho holiday, yesterday, to on-
joy a days fun with the sprightly
trout. Several fino baskets wero
caught one of the largest of which belonged to Mr. Peter Grant. Ho
caught 13 beautiful speckled beauties,
all over 12 inchea in length. The Coquitlam river received the greatest
number of visitors but the Brunette
came in for a very fair patronage.
Somo of the baskets in the Brunette
were very largo.
The 8cuSerpent.
Capt. Rail, who arrived in Nnnaimo
on Tuesday evening from San Juan
island in a canoe, reports to the Courier having seen tho only sen sorpont on
tlio Pacitic coast. Monday afternoon
about 3 o'clock, the sea being smooth,
just a light breeze blowing, and tho
captain snugly onscoused in tho stem
of the canoo, lazily enjoying a pipe,
and visiotiB of sea serpents and other
monsters of the unity deep being far
distant from his mind, he was startled
by tho foaming of the water just in
front of his littlo vessel. Hastily looking up ho saw not twenty feet distant
thu tail of what he believed to be a
veritable sea serpent lashing the water
to a foam. Ho did not seo the head
of tlio monster, it being submerged in
the ocean. Tho animal, or whatever
it might be called, aftor disporting itself alongside and in front of the
canoe, suddenly sank out of sight and
was no moro Been. The captain states
that the caudal appendage of the serpent was fully twenty-five foot long
and glistened in the sun like burnished armor.
Southern Bailway t'oustritctlon.
Southern Railway construction proceeds rapidly and tho work is being
executed in a most thorough manner.
Between Brownsville nnd the hatchery
three miles of the road-bed is finished
and ready for rails. Alarge force of men
is scattered along tho entire distanco
and the dirt is kept flying at a surprising rate. Abovo the hatchery and extending to the Serpentine Flats, about
14 miles from Brownsville, gangs of
men are ut work all along the line, a
large portion of which will be ready
tor the rails in a few weeks. Tho cutting awny of the beaver dnms, mentioned in The Columbian, two weeks ngo,
has had a better effect than was anticipated. Tho water on tho flats lias
been reduced by 5 feet and much land,
wliich has hitherto been useless, cau
uow be oustly cultivated. Yesterday
Mr. James Leamy the contractor for
the grading, accompanied by Mr. Mc-
Common, engineer in charge, went
over the lino for some distance above
the hatchery, anil ho expresses himself as greatly pleased with tho mamior
in which the sub-contractors are performing the work. Culverts uro being
pet in and the necessary drains cut ns
the work proceeds.
The Uruw lu be 100 Feel!
A meeting of the board of trado was
held on Thursday to consider further
tho proposal of Mr. Abbott to mako
tho draw in the Mission bridge 72 ft.
Aftor receiving the opinions of rivor
captains aud pilots the board reaffirmed
its previous resolution that the draw
should be at least 100 feet, and a
resolution to this effect was forwarded
to Mr. Abbott and to the minister of
marine. This afternoon the board received a telegram frum Ottawa stating
that the C. P. R had consented to
make the draw 100 feet, and had given
the Dominion government a guarantee
to that effect. This announcement
will be received with very great satisfaction by tho people of this citv and
district, as it is the opinion of all practical men that a draw of only 60 feet
would seriously menace the navigation
of the river. The board of trade took
the initiatory in protesting against
the insufficiency of the proposed draw
as soon as its attention had been called
to the circumstances, and it is a matter
for congratulation that a satisfactory
adjuBtmont has been reached without
an appeal to the courts. The Columbian was the first tb call the public
attention to the size of the proposed
draw, and it was the result of our article that protests from the board of
trade and council followod.
When it was announced by tho
Venerable Archdeacon Woods that ho
had decided to retire from tho rectorship of Holy Trinity church, tho lending lady members of the congregation
met together and determined to show
in Borne tangible manner the appreciation in which the archdeacon's pastorate of over 20 years' duration wns
held. The same kindly feelings of
the wholo congregation towards Mrs.
Woods, of whom so little, unfortunately, has been soen of lnte, owing to ill-
health, suggested the ndvisibility of
making tho presentntion a doublo one,
and this was finally decidod on.
A collecting committee was appointed, and the success it met with
speaks for itself in the handsome presentation made this afternoon. The
committee appointed to make the presentation was composed of Mrs. J. A.
R. Homer, Mrs.,.). W. Harvey, Mrs.
Geo. Turner and'Mrs. A. M. Herring,
who, by the wuy, wero tho most active
workers in bringing this most pleasing
event to a successful issue. To-day
having been considered a most
appropriate one, the , gift to take
the form of an Easter present, the
above-mentioned ladies called at tho
Rectory this afternoon, and were shortly followed by a dray on which was
loaded a very handsome set of drawing
room furniture, threo sets of lace and
tapestrie curtains and a largo easy
chair, tho latter for the special use of
Venerable Archdeacon. Before the
Archdeacon could very well grasp the
situation, the presentation wus made
accompanied by the following address:
To Venerable Archdeacon and Mbs.
The appended list of your congregation
beg your acceptance of the Easter present herewith sent, anil feel it only a very
slight recognition of the years of faithful
servico spent among us; a service, tlie
first value of which is only known to The
Master, whom wo all profess to serve.
We are very sorry that increasing years
and their attending infirmities have compelled you to resign your rectorship,
from a conscientioas fear of inability to
fulfil the over-increasing needs of Holy
Trinity Church; and it is with great regret we bid you farewell.
We shnll remember with special love
and gratitude tho gentle intercourse
among us of Mrs. Woods, which from
her continued ill-health lias been of
necessity, very limited for the last few
We hone that for many yenrs to como
you will both lie our near and valued
neighbors, aud that, ceasing to bo your
congregation, our friendship will be as
firm and sincere as ever.
For tho nature of our offering we would
say, that some of us preferred plate,
whioh would havo boen engraved and
transmitted to children andgrandohildren,
but the majority thought that something
for your own use and comfort would
have more of common sense to recommend
Hoping you and Mrs. Woods will
accept our offering in the spirit of love
with which it is given we beg to remain
Yours in Loving Respect.
Here follows a list of the subscribers
to the gifts.
So completely tnken by surprise,
and so overcome by emotion was the
venerable Archdeacon, that it was with
difficulty hn found voice to repond to
the cordial address. On behalf of
himself and Mrs. Woods he returned
most sincere thanks, and expressed
his deep regret that increasing years
made it necessary that he Bhould resign tho rectorship of Holy Trinity.
The Ophir Nine*
Mr. James Gray, superintendent of
the abovo company's mine, started last
night with his party for MoCulloch
Creek, Big Bend, to commence work
for the season. The prospects of this
company are moat encouraging, $1,200
having been taken out during the final
twelve days of last year's work.' Had
it not beon for the 14-inch canvas hose,
then in uso by tho company, bursting
nndor pressure, thus compelling discontinuance of operations, there is
little doubt but that large returns
would have come to hand laat year.
The mine iB well developed, bed rock
being visible all across the oreek, and
judging from last season's prospects
considerable gold will come to hand in
the near future.—Colonist.
A Crcal Cricket Natch.
The most interesting cricket match
that has bceu played in British Columbia in some years came off yesterday at Hastings. It was a single
wicket match and the contestants were
the Laird of Hastings and the governor of ono of our provincial institutions.
The challenge came from tho Laird,
who dared tho Governor to play for
refreshments for a crowd of some 70
or 80 people. The challonge was accepted promptly and the playois threw
off thoir coats and crossed over to the
field, followed by the ontiro populace
of Hastings. The Laird won the toss
and decided to bat first, thereby honing to knock tho leather about so lively as to wind his somewhat heavy opponent and weaken his hitting powers
when the innings changed. The Governor grasped the ball firmly, while
tho Lniid, aftor carefully measuring
his distance, and being properly coached to the Btumps, stood waiting the
first shot. A slight pause followed,
during which "thero was silenco deep
as death, and the boldest held hia
breath," and then the Governor's arm
was Been to mako a fierce slash through
the air, which waB followed by the
Laird striking frantically into space
and tho centre stump turning three
somersaults in tho direction of Westminster. Great was the tumult that
followed thii brilliant shot, and the
Governor's arm so heartily wrung by
admiring friends that the referee considerately allowed him a few minutes
for reouperation before he went in to
bat. When time was called, the Laird
faced the bat with a look of determination on his countenance, while his
opponent looked smiling and cheerful.
The loather shot suddenly towards the
wicket and was carefully caught on the
Governor's bat and urged into a neighboring thioket, where it remained
until the Governor "run it out" by
speoial request from the delighted
spectators. Seore, Governor 8, Laird
0. The conditions of the matoh were
faithfully carried out,  and a return
Same was arranged for Thanksgiving
(From Daily Columbian, April 22.)
Notwithstanding the disagreeable
weather yestorday all tho churches
wero filled, both morning nud evening.
The failures in British Columbia for
the first quarter of 1889 woro Bix in
number; amounting to $46,200. Last
year, for the same period, thoy were
eight, with $85,048 liabilities.
At the mooting of the diroctors of
tho Provincial Agricultural Society,
held in this city on the 13th inst., the
date for tho exhibition was fixed for
Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday,
tho second, third, and fourth of October next.
Seats for the Mendelssohn Quintette
Club's concert, on Friday ovening, are
selling vory rapidly nt Lyal's book
store. That tho concert will be largely patronized is now n certainty, and
it speaks well for tho peoplo of Westminster that this club will be given a
full house, as never has tho city been
favored with tho presence of n combination ot such undoubted merit.
Sergt.-Major McMurphy, of this
city, has quite n number of tine trout
in his well. The fish wero put in
several years ego by some of the sergeant's children, ond now the well is
found to be stocked with speckled
beauties, somo of them 8 or 10 inches
in length. Tho presence of quite
small trout ns woll leads to tho pro-
sumption that the fish are increasing
their numbers by breeding.
Although the weather was rainy, 61
men congregated at the Y. M. O. A.
rooms yesterday to hear Rev. Mr.
Porter, of London, Ont. The rev'd
gentleman selected for his text the
words found in Zechatiah 2nd chap.
4th verso, "Run, speak to that young
man." Many useful and important
lessons were drawn from the text by
the apoaker, to which the audience
listened with eager attention.
The contractors for the sinking of
the Vancouver Lumber Company's
wolls, yestorday struck coal at a depth
uf 15 or 20 feet. Thero wns only a
thill vein resting ou tho granito, but it
wns well defined and of lignite formation. A pieco of it wns put in tho
fire and combustion was very complete.
This confirms thu statements of the
Government expert, Amos Bowman,
who wns sent out List year to study the
coal formations of this district and report —News-Advertiser^.
Mr. ClilslMiliii Better.
Wc are glnd to nnnoonce to our
readers to-day that Mr. Donald Chis-
hulm, M.P., ia somewhat better. A
telegram was recoived from him yesterday, by a gentleman in this city,
stating that he had been confined to
his bed for 17 days, but was now
mending and the doctors were hopeful
of his recovery, The exact nature of
Mr. Chisholm's illness has not transpired, but it is well known that he has
not been enjoying good health for
some time. All his friends hope that
he will soon return to British Columbia and regain in this health giving
climate his old time strength and robustness.
—i «.—■ ,—
The McLaren Mills lo be nulls.
Late Canadian News.
The ice moved out of Port Arthur
harbor Saturday, and navigation is
opened up.
The postoffiee at Pembroke, Ont.,
was robbed Sunday night, and $800
worth of postage stamps taken.
Water was let into tho Lachine
Canal on Saturday night and the
barges commenced to lock through.
A baker of Paquotte, Que., stole a
kiss from a Miss Legrade while delivering bread Thursday. He was condemned to pay $20 damages and $30
Alex. J. Smith, for many years business manager of the Free Press and
latterly of the Call, died suddenly Friday, at Winnipeg. His loss is regretted by all.
Three hundred Scotch crofters arrived in Winnipeg on Saturday, and
reached Salcoats Sunday, whero thoy
will locate. Thoy wero met in Winnipeg by Sir Charles Tupper.
Burglars attempted to rob Doll's
wholesale jewelry store at Winnipeg on
Saturday morning. Geo. Hunt, who
slept in tho store, was shot through
tho arm.   The robbers escaped.
lu tho commons on Saturday Sir
John Macdonald stated, in reply to a
question, that additional railway subsidies and the supplementary estimates
would be brought down on Monday.
Three dwellings and a wagon shop,
at Georgetown, Ont., belonging to W.
R. Brown, were burned with ther contents on Sunday. E. Black, Geo. Er-
rington and Mr. Newton barely escaped with their lives.
The barns of Thos, Coun, inthe
township of Hope, Ont., were burned
Sunday night through being struck by
lightning. The loss is $5,000. The
house of H. A. Walker, near Welcome, was also struck. Arthur Graham was knocked aenseless.
Atthe provinoial lacrosse convention held at Brandon, Man., Monday,
it was decided to divide the province
into four districts for the intermediate
championship. Winnipeg 90th, Portage, Brandon and Plum Oreek were
the only clubs in the centre series.
A despatch received at Montreal
last night announced that Donald
Morrison, the Megantio outlaw, was
captured at his father's house in Marsden, 54 milos from Sherbrooke, by
Constable McMahon, of Montreal, and
an Indian scout named Lefeur. There
waa a desperate flght and Morrison
was wounded In the hip, captured, and
taken to Sherbrooke.
Mr. J. N. Kendall, of the McLaren
Ross Lumbor Co., Ottawa, arrivod in
the city a few days ego, having come
under instructions from the company
to erect a sawmill on tho Fraser River.
He will purchase a portable sawmill
immediately, for tho purposo of cutting
the building material on tho ground,
and will commence operations at the
earliest possible date. On the completion of tho Fraser River mill Mr. Kendall will build another mill at some
convenient point on Vanoouver Island.
From this it seems that tho McLaren-
Ross Mills are to be built after Jill.
Mr. Kendall iB a thoroughly practical
rr.an, and the possible bridging of the
FraBor, below the mills, doeB not appear to him to be a serious drowbaok
to the undertaking.
Preparing tbe Prize list.
The secretary of the British Columbia Agricultural Society announces
that the prize list committeo is now revising the prize list for 1889 and will
bo pleased to receive uny suggestions
from intending exhibitors and other
friends of the society. All partiea who
intend donating money or offering
special prizes aro asked to communicate with tho socrotary ut tho eorlieBt
possible date. Many of our oitizens
and the leading mon throughout the
district have not yet contributed to
The Columbian fund, probably holding back for tho purpose of giving
special prizeB. If tliis is so, tho opportunity has arrived and tho prize list
committee will be only too pleased to
receivo the contributions. Much
money is being spout to make the exhibition a success in every way and the
pecplo will have to aubscribe liberally
if all the promises made at the meeting
of the association laat fall are to be
carried out.
Tho largest treo on the Park Reserve
was forcibly ejected from tho ground
on Saturday aftornoon in tho presence
of Mayor Hendry, aldermen Cunningham nnd Reid and a number of other
gentlemen. Tho tree wns 9 feet in
diameter and considerable over 1.00
feot in height and its estimated weight
about 100 tons. Under the spreading
roots of this monster was placed a 50-
lb. box of Judson powder nnd a quantity of dynamite, which it wns thought
would bo sufficient to send the tree
bowling skywards. After tho spectators had been removed to a snfo distance, tho fuso wns lighted and tho explosion soon followed. From out the
cloud of dust,' gravel, rocks and flying
timbers the monster tree suddenly shot
upwards in nn almost perpendicular
position, nnd a few seconds later sank
downwards again, its butt striking tho
centre of the excavation mado by the
forco of tho explosives. For a moment
it remained fixed nnd then swayed forward and fell with magnificent force to
the earth. An inspection of tho tree
showed that tho stump and roots had
been completely shattered by the explosion, ond that the work intended to
be accomplished had been most successfully porformed.
The Weslinlnster-JNirtlniMl Route.
Mr. B. Campbell, general agent of
the Oregon Railway and iNavigation
company, nt Portland, and Mr. W. A.
Dennis of the samo company, were in
the city to-day on an important mission. Mr. Campbell's visit is for the
purpose of completing arrangements
for a steamship sorvico botween British
Columbia, Puget Sound and Portland.
Tho steamship Idaho has been chartered for this route, nnd hor ports of call
in British Columbia will bo New Westminster, Vancouver, Victoria and Nanaimo. Through this now lino tho
Union Pacific Railway seeks a connection with Puget Sound and British
Columbia ports, a-- a feeder for their
system for the handling of transcontinental freight to and from Eastern
Canada and tho Eastern States. Mr.
Campbell says thnt if tho merchants
and exporters of this province will pot-
rnnizo the new line liberally another
vessel will shortly bo added. Tho sorvice to begin with will bo tri-monthly
but will bo increased as tho trade demands. If nothing arises to backset
the present arrangements tho ss. Idaho
will arrive in Westminstor on her first
trip within a fow weeltB. The present
intention is that tho Idnho will leave
Portland fur British Columbia on tho
first day of Mny.
Aggravated Assault.
Martin Huband is well known
round town as a scavenger and man of
all work, but his character was never
considered good. Yestorday he had
been drinking with a few boon companions in his cabin in the swamp, and
got very drunk. Susie, the Indian
woman with whom he lives, refused to
cook a second dinner for tho entertainment of u few frionds who dropped in
nftor the regular banquet iug hour had
passed, and Huband, becoming enraged
at hor refusal, picked up a heavy
tea cup and threw it at the woman
striking her on tho side of the head
and inflicting u doep circular wound an
inch and a half in longth. Tho miosilo
felled her to the lloor, where sho lay
unconscious for somo minutes. When
information had beon laid beforo tho
police, Huband wns urrested and removed to the lookup, und Susie was
taken to Dr. I.M. McLean, who stitched and dresBed the wound, wliich ha
pronounced to ho serious. Husband
wns brought before the polico magistrate this morning and pleaded guilty,
said he had committed the deed while
under the iiillueiice of liquor, and
promised if not sont to gaol novor
to touch strong drink again. Ho said
ho was a married man, but his wife
had deserted hiin some time ngo, und
ho intonded marrying StiBie very shortly, ns he had lived with her for two
years and had becomo grently attached
to hor. Susie did not press the case,
but, on the contrary, triod to evade
prosecuting him. Huband was fined
$10 and costs, or in default ono month
in gnol with hard labor. Ho was also
bound over to koop the peaco for Bix
months, in the Bum of $250.
lnlu Island Hems.
I supposo it is nothing more than
right that the readers of The Colombian should hear something of the
progress of this wide-awake place,
Three societies have just lately been
formed on the south side of thiB island,
a Good Templar's Lodge, a Literary
Association, and a Rifle club, and are
all being well patronized.
The new cannery of Messrs. 0. G,
Hobson &Oo., will soon be oomplotod,
W. H. Stoves has undor construction
a large and striking house.
Mr. Turner haB completed the sur-
vey of the new townsite and the property at W. H. Stevos. This subdivision contains nearly two hundred lots
and they appear to be already sought
T. E. Ladner, of the Doha, was in
tho city to-day.
W. H. Ladnor, M. P. P., came up
by the str. Princess Louise this morning.
F. Bourne and family, of Strathroy,
Ont., havo loft that oity for Westminster, and will tako up their residence
Thos. Binnie has been appointed inspector of the Southern Railway construction works, from Brownsville to
the international boundary.
J. C. McLagan of the World printing and publishing company, left for
Winnipeg to-day on business in connection with his 1883 investments
there.—World of Saturday.
J. 0. Whyte nnd bride arrived home
by tho Pacifio express yosterdoy from
Ottawa, after enjoying a most pleasant
trip across the continent. The happy
couple were met at the station by
many frienda, who heartily welcomed
the charming brido to her new home,
and in which welcome The Columbian
takes much pleasure in joining.
Special to the Columbian.
Victoria, April 22.—Robt. Evans* i
proprietor of the Nanaimo hotel, No; i
naiino, was last night  robbed  of bell
tween $2,000 and $3,000 by a  ooupftl
of sharps.   Upon    retiring  for  thi"
niglit he very foolishly put his   nionef 1
between the mattresses of his bod    Jj '
couplo of sharps, who knew of  Evnni
having a largo sum of money, put  u) '
at the same place and watched  hin, I
ThiB morning  Evans  discovered  hjj
loss.   Tho supposed crooks  took  tlf
morning steamer  for  tho  America ;'
side. ,
Hon.  A. E. B. Davie, premior, j,"
seriously ill. '.
Victoria, Apr. 23.-Tho str. Nur(,':
Pacitic broke her crank pin and was u*
ablo to proceed to Puget Sound   th,
Tho Jubilee Hospital Corner Slot
was laid this afternoon with iniposiv
ceremony. Mrs. Nelson laid the stir
nnd was presented with a silver trow. |
heautifully inscribed. H.M.S. Swi'
sure band wns present, and adetacj
ment of blue jackets acted as a gua
of honor.
On our fifth page  to-day   will
found a striking and instructive  illij
trntion of the comparative worth {'j
tho various kinds of baking  powdf j
now in tho market.
l.igl&t UVilli 111(18,
Partridge CoclihiV
Plymouth Hocks,
White face Bl-k Span
White Crusted, Black  and Gol
Poland »t
llomlansi      Silver-pencilled   Ho j
Black, Red nnd Pitt Games.
Toulouse Geese,      Rouen Ducks
My Yards nre open fov Inspection.
Notice to Contractor.
ceived by the undersigned up lo is-
Tuesday. 30th April, Instant,
Foil THB
<Mn<.lriirltmi ol a Rrldsc across llie
lond Blver nt Maple HIllRC.
Plnni anil speclflcntlonscanboBeon
forms for lender obtnlncd at the Post
flco, Port Hnney, and nt tbo olllco of
Gov't Agei
New Westminster, April 10,1880.
Civil Engineers, Land S
veyors & Draughtsmer j
Fire, life A Marine Insurance.
COI.UMUIA St., - Ore. Colonial H-
tentlon to nil professional order,T
tender their services to rosldents and
residents lowing city or Country Pro
to dlsposo of or desiring proOtoblo ln
Our lists of cligiblo properties aro
firehenBlve and constantly reeeivlng ■
ions, aud our favorable eastern co.
tions both in Canada and the Atl
States givo us unusual facilities for
Speoial attention will be paid t
purchase uud Inspection of Lumbi
shipment lo foreign ports. Tonnage
tered and general shipping business I
noted. ....
Thanking our friends both nt hom
abroad for past favors, wo beg to. a
thom that no oflb ts on our part w
enured to Justify and maintain the
pleasant relations. dwaj
Meteorological Report for Week Ending
April ilOtli, 1SS».
Sunday 68.0    41,0
Monday S7.ll    11.0   0.07
Tuesday 58.0     48.0
Wednesday 60.0    87.0
Thursday 60.0    80.0
Friday 69.0    86.0
Saturday 69,0    40.0
Snow on mountains; hall; halos; cloudy;
lair; rain. . ,  ..
A, Pisehs, Capt'n,
A Pleasing Sense of M
and Strength Renewed, ;|
of Ease and Comfort
Follows the uso of Syrup of Pigel
acta gently on the f
Kidneys, Liver 0 Bo-I
Effeotually Cleansing the Systeu
Costivo or Bilious, Dispollii
Colds, Headaches and Ft
and permanently curing
without weakening or irritating
ganB on-which it acts.
ror tale In TOO bottles by all !■■
VAHtn-Aoiunsi) 0M.r bt nta
- Ban Fautcuro, Cu.,
*<*0iSTU*i,Kr.. KsvYot I
Weekly British Columbian
Wednesday Horning, April 2-1, 1880.
From Monday's Daily.]
What Was Spoken at Sonic of the -City
Sanctuaries yesterday.
Rov. Mr. Kennedy, of Vancouver,
oecupied the rostrum at the Baptist
church yesterday, and in the moruing
spoke from 1st Timothy 3 chap., lliv.
"And without controversy great is the
mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified iu the spirit,
seen of angels, preached unto tho (Jen-
tiles, believed on in the world, recoiv-
up into glory." The rev. gentleman
said: The mystery of Christianity
was as deep in the days of the early
ohuroh as it is to-day, and Paul writing to Timothy, 1st to 15 verse of the
same chapter, had noticed tho various
individual offices in the church, and
the manner of life that should bo led
by the persons filling them: tirst, a
ohurch requires a holy pastor, thou the
deacon, who should live a blameless
life, then his wife and family and so
on down to the humblest member of
the ohurch, thus indiviudnlly and col-
lectively as a church confronting the
world with an example of truo godliness. There are two mysteries centred
in Christianity: the one, Christ taking
upon himself our nature; and the
other, man through the Spirit taking
the nature of Christ and living a lifo
of true godliness—like God. God becoming man in the form of a little
child: and man conceited, ambitious,
wealthy, powerful, becoming as a little child; for unless this transformation of nature takes place we
can in no wise enter the kingdom of heaven. If we ennnot
understand how the Spirit takes hold
of the body and makes it conform to
the will of God, how can wo expect
to understand tho mystery of Christ
taking upon Himself our naturo and
being susceptible, as we are. As He
took the whole of our nature upon
Him, so in taking upon us His nature His
spirit should bo all over us, in us and
through us, changing us thoroughly so
that Christ may be manifest in us.
Then Christ was manifested in, and
justified by, the Spirit. Christ was
not so much a mystery in Himsolf until after the Spirit had descended upon
Him, and it was the Spirit speaking
within Him nnd permeating through
His life that intensified tho mystery
to the Jews, but to those in constant
companionship with Him, the justification by the spirit unravelod and explained the mystery. Stanley wondered what power kept Livingstone in the
wilds of Africa when he might have
been enjoying easo and comfort in
Scotland ? He came to the conclusion
that Livingstone was a genuine Christian and that in remaining thero he
was justified by the Spirit. Such nlso
was the case with Carey in East India.
Yet tho world wonders what tnkes
young mon who havo tnlent, friends,
position und wealth, out tn India,
Africa and China; or whnt makes
Christians build churches: it is this
justification that enables doctors, ministers and philanthropists, while
sinking through weakness of the body,
to keep to the work, sacrificing themselves in Ihe endeavor to save others.
Then He was soen of angels. Thoy
were preaent at His birth and followed
Him through His earthly career; sometimes visible, sometimes invisible, and
even to Christians this mystery of the
constant attendance of angels in our
acts of duty and love is a mystery
and while our birth into this life may
not be heralded abroad, yet when our
spiritual birth in Christ takes place
the angelic host announce it in heaven.
Then Jesus preached unto the Gentiles,
and by our life we should continually
be preaching. Buddhism and Mohammedanism are not held up as
models to follow, but Christianity is,
and for this reason we should conform
to the likeness of Christ. Then He
was believed on, in the world. All
pievious teachings had pointed to a
salvation by works, but the gospel of
Joaus Ohrist taught salvation by faith,
and the mystery lies in the simplicity
of "just believing" and completely
surrendering ourselves to Christ. And
now that He has been received up into
glory, that the crowning acts for which
all HiB life had been preparing, this
closing scene, has taken placo, do people see reflected in us His life and
oharaoter. Lot us livo nearer to Him,
in constant communion with Him, so
thnt our lives may bo moro and moro
a mystery every dny; bo lhat when the
laat act takes place, and tho curtain
drops oloaing out scenes on this side,
we may be received into tho hosts of
heaven where all these mysteries will
be unraveled, and where we shall live
an eternity of peace and happiness.
st. Andrew's church,
Rev. W. H. Porter, of Talbot stroet
Baptist ohurch, London, Ont., preach
ed in the Presbyterian church last
night, taking for his text, Revelations
2o. Iv.—"Unto tho angel of the church
uf Ephesus write: These things soith
he that holdeth the seven stars in his
right hand, who walketh in the midst
of the seven golden candlesticks"—and
spoko ns follows: It is said that when
one descends into it very deep well in
the day time ho can seo stars. And in
the order of God's providence He has
so arranged that whon men nre plunged into the deepest sorrows and nfllio-
tionB their honvonly prospoots grow
brightest. It were well worth while
to suffer what John did to seo the
visions whioh John saw. What John
■aw and experienced in Pntmos amply
repaid him for the sufferings endured
there. Among those visions bright
•was that of tho golden candlestick!
Turning to the last verse nf tho 1st
. chapter, you will road: "Tho sovon
: stars aro the angels or (messengers) of
tho seven churehea, and tho seven
candlesticks are tlio seven churches.''
So that the vision hero ia tho vision of
the seven ohurohes, or, in other words,
Now, there aro just a few things tonight, in connection with this subject,
that may serve to strengthen our faith,
encourage our hearts, brighten our
prospects, and make us more grateful
that we aro Christians. May God
grant that the wish may take hold of
somo of those that aro not Christians
to be so. In the vision Jesus is represented as walking among His churches,
beholding them, under the image or
figuro of golden candlesticks. The
figuro used shows the value, vthe
preoiousnees, of the church to Christ.
What is more precious in tho world, in
the univorse, than gold? I think we
sometimes live beneath our privileges.
We do not realize how much we aro
loved. A little girl, who was troubled
about her love for tho Savior, was asked "What is the greatest joy to you,
my child, to know that you love your
fathor, or to know that your father
loves you?" "Oh, to know that my
fater loves me," sho answered.
Friends, ia there a thought more deeply stirring, more divinely inspiring, to
a human being than this, to know and
realize that God loves him, that he is
the object of divine affeotion. That
may be the hope and satisfaction of
every child of God. Wo lovo Him;
but what is our love? It is because he
first loved us. There is something
moro aboutgold than might be thought
of in this connection. Gold is not
only precious, but very raro. Sad to
think that in the world, where the
true light has shone, the Christian
gold is rare—the broad way is thronged and the narrow way has but few
travellers. There is another thought,
that gold is easily moulded to the desired shape, and easily polished, and
yet it has great power to retain its
mold and polish. In ita origin, too,
we have an instructive figure. It was
hidden in the deep, dark mine, out of
sight and valueless, and so with God's
peoplo.' Oh, what a dark history was
theirs. Do not let us forget that they
were sinners. Remember that it is by
grace we nro what we are, and not
from any merit of ours. In the processes by which the gold is brought to
perfection we have a striking figure uf
the trials to which the Christian is
subjected for the same purpose. Gold
is not only for ornament, but for use
as well. So God prepares His people
nnd sets them for lights in the world,
that thoy may bring others unto Himsolf. Joaus Christ walks amid His
candlesticks, the churches, surveying
them with tenderness and with
most infinite lovo, rewarding, comforting, strengthening, and building up.
And he holds the stars in His right
hand. Are you and I, doar friends,
the objeots of His care.of His lovo and
mercy? ^	
Archdeacon Wood's Reply.
Tho annexed letter from tho Venerable Archdeacon Woods, concerning
tho presentation made on Saturday,
explains itself:—
The Rectory, New Westminster,
April, 22, 18S9.
My Very Dear Friends:
I was so wholly unprepared for'your
visit on Saturday that I fear I failed to
givo full utterance to the feelings with
wliich both Mrs. Woods and myself received your moro than kind expressions
of regard and esteem.
Tho conncotiou botween priest and
peoplo may not be lightly severed; but I
seem to seo in tho rapid growth of tlio
city and the almost daily influx of strangers an intimation that the timo has como
for me to lay down tho work whioh for
one and twenty years I havo carried on
almost single-handed.
My earnest prayer and longing wish
shall ever bo tlmt those who tiflte up
that work may be enabled to carry it on
to tho greater glory of God, and the
building up of His church in your midst.
It ia a pleasuro to me and Mrs. Woods
that we shall be near neighbors to so
many old and valued frionds,
For the handsome gifts which accompanied your loving letter we fail to find
suitable words of thanks.
Tho expression ot "special lovo and
gratitude'' for "the gentle intercourse
among you of Mrs. Woods," is a paragraph in your letter more dear to mo
than I can say.
Faithfully in Christ,
Charles* T. Woods,
Rector of Holy Trinity Church.
To Mas. J. W. Harvey, Mrs. Homer,
Mrs. Hebrinu, Mrs. Ceo. Tornee,
Another Mine.
Mr. N. Squires, of Siivonas, has ro
corded a claim for a quartz ledge on
Scotch creek, near big Shuswnp lake.
The claim is within ensy distanco of
the lake, with a good trail to a ship
ping point, und tho lodge shows a large
quant i-y of nre. Itis a gnlonn ore,
carrying §55 in silver to tho ton. Development work is now being done on
the claim, and we understand that
active work will be commenced ns
aoon ns practicable. Mr. Squires anticipates grent results from this claim,
and his many friends will doubtless
wish his nnticipntioiis may be realized.
Langley Council.
Council met at the town hall, Saturday, April Oth, at ll a. in. Present tiio
rcovo, and Couns. Gray, Mufford, Davey
and Yeoman. Minutos of previous mooting read and confirmed. Communication
from Burton's prairie anent forinntion of
fnrmor's nssocintion, referred to tho reeve
with powor to correspond with tho secretary for fuller information. Communication from Hon. ,1. Robson. W. H.
Ladnor, Esq. and H. li, Aikman, Ksq.,
roccived and filed. Communication from
mayor of Vancouvor anent Toronto exhibition; tho reeve was instructed to cor.
respond with tho mayor on the subject.
Tenders woro ordered to bo colled ot next
meeting for opening a road into Wren's
for which $100 was appropriated. $30
was appropriated for opening a rood into
Hopkins. Slo wns appropriated for
cnoh ward for casos of cinorgonoy. The
following accounts wero ordered paid:
K. Morrison?:), nnd W. T. Dnvoy $7.50.
Coun. Davey gave notice that at next
meeting ho would bring in a by-law to
provide for tho establishments of pounds.
Council adjourned until first Saturday
Late Despatches.
Arkansas Citv, Kansas, April 18.
—Four hundred nnd thirty-seven
families arrived here yesterday in
wagons, and at lenst one thousand persons by the railroads. Tlio trains
from the south brought quito a number of Pawnee and Atoo Indians from
the reservation soutli of this city. It
seems to have just dawned upon them
that the settling of 200,000 peoplo in
the heart of the territory means to
them a gonorai breaking up of their
tribal relations. Nearly all of them
are laying in a storo of weapons with
which to protect themselves and their
homes against invaders. A leader of
the Pawnees said our people aro afraid
that the white peoplo on Arkansas
River will rob us of our homes, but
should they pass by and move upon
the land sold to tho government by
the Creeks and Seminoles there will
be no trouble.
Berlin, April 18.—A whito book
tegarding tho, Samoan quostion has
been published under date of April
10, by Princo Bismarck and Herr
Stuebel, the present German consul
at Samoa. Herr Knappe, the late
German consul at Samoa, is censured
for his conduct throughout ull troubles
at the islands. The white book dwells
upon the fact that Herr Knappe's
actions were entirely unauthorized
and without necessity. It states that
he took measures on December 17th
last which resulted in deplorable
deaths and effected an undesirable
change in the position of the planters
and whioh jeopardzied the peaco between Germany and America, while
quieacence would have preserved a
situation that nt leaat would have been
tolerable. Princo Bismarck concludes
the report by declaring that Germany
has nothing to do witn the internal
affairs at Samoa. German mission in
Samoa is restricted to protecting German citizens and enabling them to
develop thoir commercial interests.
dominion parliament.
Ottawa, April 18.—The House wns
engaged oil day discussing the Atlantic
and Pacific steamship subsidies. Hon.
Mr. Foster said the arrangement- with
the Andersons for a twenty-knot At-
lnntic service wns nbout ooinploted.
Tho nrrnngemonts for tho Japan sorvice nro known, but nothing definite
about the Australian, Cnnnda having
heen asked to take the initiative. Mr.
Davis road a letter from Victoria, urging that the Japan steamships be compelled to call there. Hon. Mr. Foster
said the Dominion Government had
not the power tn make this condition,
tho final nrrangomenis resting with the
Britisli Government. Col. Prior snid
he had received many letters urging
that Victoria bo mndo u pert nf cull.
The board of trade hnd pressed the
matter. The steamers passed within
a short distanco of tho port, and now.
the mails had to be taken to Vancouver
and brought back again. Victoria was
willing to put her hnnd in her pocket
and construct sttitnble wharves to land
passengers nnd moils. He hnd dune
his best tu-get the govern ment to make
this a condition before paying the subsidy, but so fnr lie had not bnd much
auccess. The service will be likely to
build up n large trade between Chinn,
Japan mid British Columbia. Viotoria
did 7» por cent, of the trado of British
Oolumbia. He again urged that the
steamers call both on the inward and
outward voyage. The discussion wns
not ended when the house ndjotirnod.
A fishv yarn.
Chicaoo, April 19.—A Washington
special snys: "A very pretty little
story which promises to develop into
nn interesting trial conies tn Washington from Alaska It is In the effect
that about five years ngo a man, named
McPherson, sailed from San Francisco
and eventually landed on one of the
Aleutian Islands off the const of Alaska.
Mr. McPherson's entire outfit consisted of a suit of clothes and an American flog, together with a paper purporting to have been signed by Attor-
ney.Genernl Garland appointing him
United States Commissioner. As soon
ns ho landed on the Island ho raised
the American flag with a great deal of
ceremony, took command of six hundred natives nnd compelled thom to
addross him ns King McPherson. Each
season ho exacted heavy tributes.
Things went nlong vory smoothly
until n fow months ngo when iho report states ho had some diltioulty with
throo of his subjects, and, fearing that
there might bu >t mutiny, ho determined to disposed all those wiiodid not bow
before his authority. He arrested the
throeoffendcra tried them byoourt-jnar-
linl and sentenced them to bo hanged.
He carried out the sentence somehow
or oilier. A report of McPherson's
rule readied the treasury department
nnd a special agent was aent to his
islands io investigate the matter. This
agent recently reported the facts to
Secretory Windom substantially as
thoy aro givon above. Now it is said
that a revenue cutter will be sent to
tlio'island for tho purpose of arresting
McPherson. It is tlie intention oftho
authorities fo bring him to Sou Francisco nnd try him fnr murder."
another plot.
St. Pkternuuro, April 19.—A Nihilist piut lo kill the Czar lins been discovered. It was planned to nssnssimito
him with n dynamite bomb while he
was attending the funeral of General
Pnucker, the Into Minister of Roads.
A numbor of persons havo been arrested.
iioulanoer's followers.
Paris, April 19.—General Sauisiur
is charged by The Radical with having
sont to the Senate a list of names of
army oflicers who hove oxprossod thoir
willingness to follow the leadership of
Goneral Boulanger. The list, it states,
wos compiled hy nn oflicer of Boulangist tendencies, who has already been
punished for his indiscretion. The
Boulangist party's loaders continue to
avail themselves of the uso of the residenco of the self-exiled Goneral for
iMt Btltiltfii   T1, '* -""""""''
the Boulangist organs that M. Vacher,
member of the Chambor of Deputies,
hns beon elected Vice-President of tho
Notional party in placo of Goneral
the denmark-'s passengers.
London, April 20. -Thu steamship
Minnesota lias arrived at lho mouth of
the Thames from Bnltimore nnd reports she snw on the 17th inst. a life
boat belonging to the Denmark, in lat.
50°, 18', long. 37°, 50'west. Tho boat
had the name "Denmark, Copenhagen" on her stern. The boat was
half full of water and looked os though
the occupants had been rescued. One
or two ours, some rope and tarpaulin
lay in thu bottom of tho boot. Three
rowlocks were in position and the
painter was coilod up on the head
pieces. Sugar boxes were seen in the
Copt. Blacklin, of tho s. s. Minnesota, soys ho picked up the boat and
examined it closely. There was an
oar in the boat and three rcvrlocks
were in position. There was overy
oppeorance that the people in the boot
hod been rescued, and that they had
abandoned it hastily.' The 4th of April
was just four days before the City of
Chester fell in with the abandoned
Denmark, and this would go to show
that the abandonment was a hasty
one, or one which would usually follow a collision and panic. A mystery
appears to be in the fact that the officers loft tbe vessel when sho was in a
condition to remain afloat for many
days. Shipping men i..(press much
surprise that the officers did not remain on board until it becamo absolutely necessary to leave the vessel. They
ask tho pertinent question: Did a
panic occur and did the pnssengers
compel lho oflicers and crew by threats
of violence to launch the boats and
rafts? If so, woro not some lives lost
in tho excitement, and, if not, where
ore the passengers? If a collision took
pluce, where is tho vessel thot did tho
damage, and did she save all bunds?
further samoan news.
San Francisco, April 20.—The following is learned of the situation nt
Apia, Snmoa, by tho arrival of tho
steamer Umatilla this morning:—Tho
Germans ore in ono pnrt of tho town
ond the Americans in the other, but
still a pntrol uf German sailors hns
constantly to koep guard ovor tho
German quarters, ns tho men under
King Mntnnfa, who now number nine
thousand all under arms, aro very bit-
tor against them, nnd with the slightest provocation will exterminate them
W. E. Bowin, one of the Vandalia's
survivors, was asked if ho saw anything of Cnptiiin Schoonmnker. He
replied os follows: "Yes, I saw him
up to the moment of his death. The
captain wns always on deck, but did
not seem to bu ns collected us Liout.
Carlin, who wos (jiving all tlio orders.
While standing there I saw n pieco of
n spur fall nnd strike the captain, and
heard Lieut. Carlin advise him to take
to tho rigging. 'Oh, no', he replied,
'my place is on deck', nud he remained there. In a short time I saw him
struck again by mini her piooo of broken spar which felled him just as n big
swell washed over the ship, slid he
went over into tho wator. J watched
und saw him rise nbout sixty feot nwny
and sow thut he was too stiiniied to
mnke nny effort to swim. I heard his
voico ns lio wus boruo out to sen nnd
whilo I nm not suro I thought I distinguished the words 'Go'id bye' uud
he disappenred from my sight."
dominion parliament.
Ottawa, April 20.—Sir Richurd
Cartwright is not quite satisfied concerning tho proposed subsidy to a lino
of steamers from British Columbia to
Australia, us hu give* notice of making
inquiries of the government whnt
nmount of manufactured goods havo
been exported for tho past six or eight
months from Canada to Australia.
The houso of commons to-dny was
occupied with discussing government
measures. The inland revenue net,
the general inspection act and the act
respecting the Mennonite loan wero
oil read a third time and passed..
During the evening session the copyright act was taken up, and occupied
all the time up till midnight. It is
expected thut prorogation will take
placo on or about the 27th inst.
Mr. Weldon's extradition bill has
been placed on tho government orders,
nml thero is no doubt thnt it will pass
this session.
A Mongol fuble is as follows :
Two geeso, when about to start
southward on their autumn immigration, were entreated by a frog to
take him with them. On tho geese
expressing tlieir willingness to do so
if a means of conveyance could be
devised, the frog produced a stoek of
strong grass, got the two geese to
take it, ono by each end, while lie
clung to it by his mouth in the middle. In this manner tlie three were
making thoir journey successfully
when they wero noticed by some
mon, who loudly expressed their
admiration of llio device antl wondered who had beon clevor enough
to discover it. Tlie vainglorious
frog, opening his mouth to say, "It
wns I," lost his hold, fell to the
earth, and wns dashed to pieces.
Morai;—Don't let prido induce you
to speak when safety requires you
to be silent.
A young mnn named Villard, says a
Quebec despatch of thn 18th instant,
ngod 25, only just returned from British Columbia, tiling himself out of a
four story window of tho Jacques Oar-
tier Hotol, during a lit of delirium tremens, and recoived injuries from which
ho died.
—, . ^..	
At a large meeting of citizens Wednesday uight at Winnipeg it was
definitely deoided to hold a mammoth
' nmi-*- ""-- ~"
Tho sun is at tlio minimum of no-
tivity. In 1888 M. Sehnioll noted
190 days without spots.
"Petragit" is a new German
explosive from molasses. It is said
to be three times as powerful as
M. Cornu believes that tiie light
of shooting stars cannot be due to
combustion or heat, as supposed,
but is a phenomenon of static electricity developed by simple friction.
Vanadium is said to cost §12,000
per pound; zirconium, $7,900;
lithium, the lightest of the metals,
$7,700; rhodium, $2,500; and
iridium, the heaviest substance
known, $1200.
Col. Mnjendie concludes that one
volume of liquid benzine will render
10,000 volumes of air inflammable
or 5000 violently explosive. Neither
a glowing coal, sparks from flint and
steel or a flameless fusee, however,
will ignite the most explosive mixture, actual flame or white heat
being necessary,
The Women's Anthropological
Society of America, the first purely
scientific society directed exclusively by women, was organized in
Washington in June, 1885, and has
since held fortnightly meetings from
November to May. It now has
3 honorary, 11 corresponding, and
46 active members.
In the juices of the empty
stomach Mons. J. E. Abelous has
found nine new forms of microbes
in addition to seven previously
known. These microbes must play
an important part in digestion, but
their principal effect upon tlio food
seems to bo after it has passed from
the stomach into the intestinal tract.
A Novkl Device.—An "electric
valve," by means of whicli the currout can be sent in one direction but
not in the other, has been described
by a French electrician, II. Ney-
reneuf. With a voltameter constructed of two aluminium electrodes
diluto acid us electrolyte, and nn
alternating current, pure hydrogen
was evolved at both electrodes; but
with one electrode of aluminium
and ono of mercury, using distilled
water as electrolyte, the current was
found to pass in one direction only.
The theory that tetanus is derived
from the horse—ns clinrbon, rabies
and glanders are communicated from
the lower animals to man—was first
advanced in 1885 by Prof. Verneuii,
who believes lie has now fully substantiated this view. The malady
appears to be duo to a bacillus,
which may come from tho animal
direct, or may lie dormant in pastures, stables, harnesses or carriages,
giving riso to the locked-jaw and
other symptoms on falling upon a
wound or other surface favorable for
A Tally-Stick of History.—
The covered reservoirs of. Carthage,
now being restored by nn engineering company of Tunis, are a remarka
ble record of the ebb nnd flow of
civilization in ono historically
ancient spot. These great works
date back fully 2000 yoars, and
have been in use several times at
widely separate periods. They were
in full working order in the time of
Hannibal, were again repaired under
the emperor Hadrian, and until the
present time have been entirely
neglected since tho occupation by
the Arabs in 697 A. D. These reservoirs cover a space 420 by S9A feet
and are divided into eighteen compartments,
Great Snow-Storms.—In an
investigation of 106 cases of rainfall ranging from nine to twelve
inches in eight hours, Prof. E.
Loomis has found the area of one
inch rainfall to have oxtended at
least 500 miles in length in ten
cases, and to have extended 700
miles in three cases; while the
entire tain-area was frequently nn
oval figure exceeding 1000 miles in
length by 500 miles in breadth.
Concerning these heavy rains the
following fucts seem well established:
1. No great barometric depression
with steep gradients ever occurs
without considerable rain, This is
true not only for the United States,
but also for the cyclones of the
West Indies, the China Sea, India
anil the Bay of Bengal. 2. In great
rainstorms the bnrotnetric pressure
generally diminishes, whilo the rainfall incrensos. 3. The greatest depression of tlie barometer generally
occurs about twelve hours after the
greatest rainfall. 4. A great fall
of rain is favorable to a rapid progress of the centre of least pressure,
while a small rainfall is generally
attended by a less rapid progress.
It is, however, plain that the rate
of progress of a low centre depends
partly upon other causes than
amount of rainfall.
Tho Ways and Trioks of Professional House-Breakers.
Sir Chas. Tuppor is ot Salt Oouls,
Manitoba, inspecting lands on which
tho Scotch Crofters will hento. Enough
lnnd could not be secured around Wolseley.
Mnry Hood died Friduy, at Winnipog fromtho effects of n kick by Rol)t,
" What kind of men aro thoy thai, usually
rob houses?" asked a Wasningtou A'tar reporter.
"A professional house-worker," answered
tbo detective, " belongs to the higher order
of crooks, They are fine workers, and do
not engage in a rough-and-tumble work,
such as robbing refrigerators and cupboards. Those who aro known as second-
story workers do some of tho largest stealing of any crooks. Say, for instance, a
' mob' cf three oariy house-workers enter 0
town to mako a haul. They will do thoir
work early m tho evening. Assoonastkey
striko tho town they will separate and obtain lodgings in different localities. In the
evening they will stroll aDOut and pick cut
their'mark.' For two or threo days they
will watch the house about dinner time,
say six or seven o'clock, until thoy havo
learned something about the occupants of
tho house, their habits, the number and
which room each occupies. Thon one man
will watch tho front and another tho rear.
They then determine ttio best way of entering iho house. They can easily tell by
watching the lights and curtains whicli
rooms aro occupied and by whom, for they
soe oach porson as they go to tho dinner
table. Tho most convenient way is usually
over a bay-window or by elitnbing tho adjoining house and crossing on a veranda and
then through tho window. It is surprising
to know what c, snort timo it taaos tliem to
go through tho house. It seldom takes
them moro than ten or fifteen minutes to
go through a largo house.
" It is a singular thing," continued the detective, " that almost every one keeps his
jewelry in the top bureau drawer, and that
is the placo a house-thief usually ransacts
first after entering a house. After going
through the buyeau drawers ho opens
tranks and searches other places in the
room whero ho thinks ho is likely to find any
thing, and then he makes a tour through
tho rooms on tho upper floors. Ho will continuo his search until tho 'office' or signal
is given him by ono of his confederates that
he is in immediate danger, and bo then goes
toward the window through' which ho on-
tored and lies low until he is aguin signaled.
SomotimoB a member of tho gong will occupy a room sovoral doors from a house
which ho intends to rob. Then he con cross
tho roofs of the houses and enn by menns of
n ropo tied about the chimney descend to
any window iu tho houso and enter, and
when his work is dono he cnu go bock tho
somo wny and toko tho ropo with hiin.
"A first-class ' housemnn' seldom takes
chances going in a houso at midnight,
nnd only goes then becauso ho can get uo
other opportunity.
"A porson who enters tho houso in tho
dead hour ol tho night is a desperate mon.
If, while ho is going through tho houso, ho
hours a noise and thinks tho occupants are
alarmed, ho will make evory effort to escape, and if ho finds thnt his way is barred
no will light for his liberty, and murder, if
it is necessary, to effect his escape. Tho
best thing for a person to do when thoy
hear nny one in thoir room is to lot thom
nlono or frighten them oft, and not attempt
to keep them in tho houso, for trouble, and
possibly murder, is bound to follow. I
never heard of a professional committing a
deliberate murder. Ho only doos it whon
it is absolutely necessary to effect his escape.
"Tho greatest enemy this class of thieves
has is tho small dog that Is allowed to travel
ovor tho house. If whon thoy enter ho hap-
pens to bo up-stairs ho barks and alarms
tho occupants of the houso, and as tho thiof
approaches him ho backs until ho gets
under tho bed or somo other pioco of furniture, and continues barking until tho thiol
either loaves tho houso through fear or becauso tho barking dog hos attracted the attention of somo ono in tho house. Such a
dog is feared by thieves moro than a mastiff. Many persons when they discover
that their house has been robbed say that
thoy wero chloroformed, but inmost casos
that is not so. It is only imagination on
their part, as chloroform, except in a very
few special cases, is not used. In tho first
placo thero is no time to uso it, and iu tho
second its uso would arouse rather than
put to sloep tho occupants. To get a person
under tho influence of chloroform it is
usually necessary to hold thom and it is not
one caso in ten whoro suspected is chloroform used. A dangerous thief is the hall
"Ho will go from houso to houso until ho
finds a door open, and thon he will sneak in.
Ho can go through tho houso in a few minutos, and if mot by any ono ho will flght if
ho can not oscape. Ho raroly breaks open a
trunk or bureau-drawer, becauso of his
limited time. His work is soon done, and
ho leaves tho houso ns though ho was ono
of its occupants. Many persons think that
tho robbery of their houso was duo to tlio
collusion of somo one with tho thioves. In
noarly ovory caso this is a mistake Thieves
havo no troublo in selecting a house that
ean bo easily ontored. Thoy oro very superstitious, and believe firmly in good or bad
luck, and some of thom will not work unless
thoy havo a cortoin porson to work with
them, boeauso they think thut this person
will givo thom good luck. I remember a
thief who would do any kiud of u job if his
'pal' woro witb him, but would not undertake the easiest ono with any otlier porson,
no matter how oxport a thief he was.''
" What do tho thioves do with thoir plunder!" asked tho roportor.
"Thoy plant it," ropliod tho doteotivo,
"or in other words, they hido it, If any
valuables aro secured and thoy find it necessary, they will walk thirty or forty miles to
tako a train and think nothing of it, and if
thoro aro any chaneos of this being doteetod
they will bury their 'swag' and go off to
work another city. When ovory thing is
elenr they will return nnd 'lift tlio plant.1
Tho ono who does tho robbing usually carries away tbo property, because' while in
the city ho remains under covor, nnd is seldom soon on tho streot, whilo his confederates, who do tho watching, avo often on
tho streot, nud might bo suspected. Then
they have people in all large cities who conduct 'foncos,' nnd who nro always able to
disposo of tho proporty. If the thief has
much confldenco in tho 'fence' ho will ship
liis goods by oxpress."
" Do burglars get much for tho proceeds
of i-obberios j" asked lho roportor.
"Suppose," sold tho detective, "that a
haul is mado of 81,000 worth of diamond
jewelry. Ho tokos thom to tho 'fence,'
whoro they aro carefully examined and thoir
value, when melted down, is given; or perhaps he will put now plates on tho jowelry,
sons to ultor tho sotting of the diamonds,
nnd ho will got nbout {860 for his ft ,001) job!
lt is tho Btonos that nro valnuble, und, except in caso of very vnlunblo diamonds,
whicli nro rbglstrod, no one could swear to
a particular stono afMr it is reset. Tho
'Jeiioqi u(|£U  l,ike^^jng>>thn.^a<nl i Weekly British Columbian
Wednesday Morning, April '-•:, I8SU.
Erastus Wiman  is  an indefatigable  and  enthusiastic worker in
behalf of his favorite hobby, commercial  union, with a  strong "assimilation" aspect,   Ho does a great
deal  of  specifying and writing on
the subject—most   of   it, however,
from    the  American    standpoint.
Wiman's    nrtiole    entitled    "The
Greater Half of tho Continent," published in the North American Review
recently, ami also in pamphlet form,
while written for the peoplo of tbo
United  States, primarily, to whet
their  desires for "assiinilutin;;" the |
Canadian "plum," contains much valuable matter for the consideration of
the patriotic Canadian—muoh well
fitted to stimulate Canadian patriotism.   The writer starts out with an
expression of  surprise that in this
period   of   the onsy acquirement of
general information so little is known
of the greater half of the continent
of North America, included within
the  British  possessions, and compares  Canada's   3,470,392   square
miles  with  the  total area of the
United Statos (excluding Alaska) of
3,030,000.   Canada is shown further, by way of conveying somo conception  of  its magnitude, to comprise very nearly forty per cent, of
the   entire British empire, unci to
contain, with   its   great   lakes and.
rivers of enormous size and length,
more   than   ono-half   of   the fresh
water  of  the entire globe.    "Such
broad generalities ns these," observes
Erastus   Wiman,  "may well excite
the attention of the people of  the
United States, who, in view of the
magnificent, proportions of tlieir own
country, have  been   unconsciously
led to believo that it comprises nil
that is worth  having on the continent."    The  impression,  born  of
ignorance, that  tlie  Dominion, is a
region of frost and snow, etc., is conclusively shown  to  be  stupid and
false,    So far as the climate, of Canada is concerned, the writer says, it
should   never  be   forgotten  that,,
within   tho   parallels   of    latitude
which include the greater portions
of thu Dominion, the development
in  tin   United States has boon the
most marked.   Illustrative of  this
development, the   following   statement is quoted with respect to tlio
commerce of tho great lakes:   That
tho toi mage and value of  products
which passed through the Snult Ste.
Marie Canal,    compressed  within
seven months of tho season of navigation of 1S88, equalled that which
passed through tlie Suez canal in the
entire  year.   In  connection  with
this statement Ihe reader is asked to
recall the fact that the water communication of tlio lakes is competed
with by the most perfectly equipped
railway systems of  the  age, while
the commerce of the Suez is practically  without a competitor.    The
above facts, tlio writer declares, are
a testimony to the advantages of a
nothern   climate that is impossible
to ignore.    Wiman concludes this
paragraph as follows:   "The place
that she (Canada) should occupy, as
tho greater and northern half of the
continent can be no longer denied to
her.   A proper estimate will show
Canada to be a country having few
equals in extent, none in riches of
resource,  in  accessibility, ease  of
interior  communication,   antl, notwithstanding the smile that lightens  up   the face  of  the reader,
none superior to  her  in tlie  advantages of climate."   Tlie wheat-
producing area is shown to have
had a steady movement northward,
and within the Canadian territories,
it is stated, are wheat areas possessing all the advantages of tlie regions
to the south, but in richness, fertility and extent infinitely, greater.
The climatic advantages of the northernmost  portions of  Canada, over
even latitudes much farther south, is
pointed out to be due to tho ofton
forgotten circumstance that climate
is much more the result of altitude
than it is of latitude.   By way of
comparison, Europe is  shown, according to Humboldt, to have a mean
elevation of 671 feet, North America  a mean of  748 feet, while the
Oanadian portion of North America
has- an  altitude of  only 300 feet.
This  low altitude, in  its influence
upon the climate, is second only to
the effect of  tho marino currents,
which   are  singularly favorable to
Oanada.   A peculiar advantage possessed  by the wheat growing areA
of the Canadian Northwest is thus
described : "Ages of long winters,
continuous  and  ofton sovere cold,
have  produced  a frost lino in tlio
earth  far down below tho surface,
whicli being thawed out during the
summer months is full of force, Tliis
vast area of  ice, far  enough below
the surface to permit the growth of
plants, holds in suspense nnd readiness for tho land above tlio needed
element  of moisture, constant and
assured,   which  in   other  regions
comes only in the rains und dews
that  fall from the sky."   Another
advantago    in   Canada's  northern
, wheat,  holds  is  discerned in tho
— ■-     - — s- .\-~.*
ngo two hours per day more of sunshine during the period of the growth
of wheat than is vouchsafed in any
other  locality whero wheat can bo
produced, which is an inestimable
advantage, not only helping rapidly
forward  the  ripening process, but
the heat is continuously sufficient to
causo an exudation of the moisture
from tho ice in the ground beneath.
It  so  happens nlso, continues tho
writer, that the soil wliich enjoys
these   advantages of  moisture beneath, and long, forceful rays from
above, is  particularly rich  and inexhaustible,   But it must not bo inferred, it is lidded, that the climate
of Canada is represented by the regions  to the extreme north whicli
have just  beon referred to.   The
Dominion, from its vast extent, as
has   been truly said, "possesses all
the   climates of  Europe, from the
Mediterranean to tho Arctic Ocean,
ns might be expectod, seeing that it
extends from the latitude of Rome,
in Italy, to that of the Nortii Gape,
in Norway* and is of almost equal
area."   Tho mild climate of British
Columbia is referred to, and the immense sea coast of this province, of
over   three thousand miles, as well
as the sen coast of  the entiro. Dominion, which is given, exclusive of
inland   seas, as over live thousand
five hundred miles, washed by waters
abounding  in  the   most   valuable
fishes of all kinds.   With regard to
the  Dominion  as-a whole, Malto
Brun is quoted iis saying: "Everything  is in proper keeping for the
development of tho combined physi
cal   and mental energies of   man.
There  are to be found at once the
hardihood of  character which conquers difficulties, the climate which
stimulates exertion, and the natural
advantages which reward enterprise.
Nature has marked out this country
for exalted destinies." And Erastus
Wiman's best aspiration for "The
Greater Half  of  the Continent" is
that  it  may bo  assimilated—absorbed—by the lesser half 1
longer to be   a   rebel  against  his
"Pigotty" and to "Pigott" havo
been added to parliamentary English.
Tim Healy, the Irish member, fired
thein off lirst in tho house of commons, and in spito of a mild protest
from the speaker they have passed
into common use. Mr. Healy also
is responsible for the assertion that
a grossly exaggerated statement
"was not excessive; it was Balfouros-
A journal devoted to household
matters tells "how to carve a fowl
without getting it off tho plate."
Another good wny is to drill it holo
through the fowl, plate, and table,
and then insert an iron rod in the
aperture, and scrow a large nut on
each end. This obviates the necessity
of the amateur carver placing ono
foot on tlm breast of the bird and
the otlier on lhc chnir.
States, and how it is that they can
afford to ship them at par value,
paying express charges upon them.
The result of theso enquirios has
been tlio discovery that the nickel
costs at tho mint less than three-
quarters of n cent, while it 'is put
in circulation at tho value of five
St, Paul,Minn., has an indebtedness of $0,500,000, but thinks it can
stand $2,500,000 more. Perhaps it
can—there is nothing like trving.—
Stronger (to cashier in restaurant)
—"Is the proprietor in 1" Cashier
—"No, sir ; ho has just gone out to
get something to eat. Back in a
fow minutes, sir."
More money is said to have been
spent by the United States government in the investigation of tho
diseases which affect swine than of
those wliich affect the human
Scliool Teacher (irate)—Who
fired that spit-ball nt me ? I'll cano
him. Young Kontuokian (country
boy (i feet 5)—I did, sir. School
Teaoher — Humph ! Well—er—or
—don't do it again.
"Shall women suiokc 1" is the
latest question which is troubling
the Britisli nation Wo say no,
decidedly. You can't prevent her
from firing up occasionally, but we
can never permit her to smoke.—Ex.
Mr. Oscar Wilde recently called
on a lady who had just received a
lot of Japaneso screens. "You
have como just in time," she said
"to help me arrange thom." Oh,
don't arrango them," he replied,
"lot them occur!"
Perhaps no newspaper writer was
ever more disturbed by a trifle than
was the society reporter who, in
describing the hollo of a recent
fashionable party, intended to say
"she looked au fail," but found it
"slio looked all feet."
Thirteen miles from Cheyenne is
what is said to be the largest horse
farm in the world. There are 120,-
000 acres of land, where roam 5000
horses, which require tho constant
attention of sixty live men. One
hundred miles of wiro fence keeps
tlio animals in bounds.
The Paris Firayo says that the
Leaning Tower of Pisa has actually
been proposed as tho great prize of
a lottery. The town has becomo
bankrupt, and the creditors want to
seize the Hotel de Ville. To avert
this calamity a municipal councillor
started tho idea of a lottery.
The Princess of Wnles has promised to lay the foundation stone of
the now hospital for women in London next month. As the institution is to provide medical training
for women, the occasion will be
notable for royal approval of the
education of women ns doctors.
Sir Richard Webster lias proposed
a bill to punish with life imprisonment a spy caught making plans of
English fortifications, and imposes a
long term upon any government
clerk convicted of a similiar offence.
It seems that there is now no law in
England to reach this kind of offend-
Bishop Andrew Gaboon, of Salt
Lako Oity, serving out a term in
prison for polygamy, has renounced
his faith, denouncing the whole
Mormon fabric as a tissue of impostures and frauds. He has stood by
i-:., -i 1, r„r imif a oentury,  but
Robert Louis Stevenson, the
novelist, whose ill health—said to
havo been due to cigarette smoking
—necessitated his long yachting
cruise, is reported to havo overcome
his desire for tobacco in that baneful
form and to be much improved
physically in consequence. It is
also known that F. Marion Crawford, tho nuthor, was also a victim
to'that habit, which, howover, ho
successfully overcame.
Archdeacon Colley, while preaching in London a short time ago, was
speaking rather unkindly of the
devil. Recollecting himself in the
midst of his fervor, and recalling the
motto that devil is not so black
as he is painted, be replied to tho
fancied remonstrances of those who
would ask him to givo the dovil his
due. "Ah, my friends," he exclaimed, "if we gave the devil his due,
many of us would bc missing."
Protective duties between the
various Australian colonics make
troublo for the women who hnvo
been accustomed to send to Melbourne for their dresses. A Tas-
manian banker's wife recently ordering a new gown, told the dressmaker
to be suro and have one of the girls
wear it for half tin hour or so, and
to put somo old ruffling about tho
neck, so that it should appear to be
an old dress and not liable to duty.
"Is the stage elevating, my son V
"Why, yes, I think so; I think so.
lt is certainly instructive. A real
bandit, the murderer of Jesse James
and several less eminent victims,
two real burglars, a real safe-breaker,
and two or three women with three,
or four husbands apiece are playing
in more or less thrilling dramas,
and ono real live preacher is playing
'HamleV anil I don't see how you
oould ask for n more realistic display than that."—llurdette.
A fair division of labor. Employer (to new clerk)—"Tliis package of money you've just counted is
two five-dollar bills short. "Now
clerk—"How do you know 1 You
snid you hadn't counted the money.'
"I said that to test your honesty,
I hardly know what to do about it."
"I can help you out; you take me
into partnership, and I'll do the
stealing for the firm and you can do
the lying, and we'll make things
That more, or less popular phrase,
"In the soup," it may not bo generally known, has long been in use
in different forms among the Germans. For instance : "Dei- sitzt
in dor bruhe" ("He sits in the
soup"); "Er hat sich eine schono
suppe oingebrokt" ("He has mnde
a nico soup for himself," meaning
he has put himself in a "bad fix");
and "Er muss dio eingebrockte suppe
solbst ossen" ("He must cat the
soup ho lias cooked himself").—Ex,
Canadians who ore inclined to
rove, says an exchange, should be
on their guard ngoinst too glowing
descriptions of the Argentine Republic. A despotch from Paris states
that a dozen families of coal miners
who had emigrated froni Decnzeville'
in Aveyron have been sent bnck to
France by the consul at Buenos
Ayres. They state that thero aro
ten thousand Frenchmen, mostly
from the Aveyron and the neigli-
boringdepartments, in the Argentine
Ropublic, who cannot find work and
aro starving.
It, is asserted that upon the
roturn of Henry M. Stanley to
England he will be naturalized as a
British subject, forsaking his American adoption, and that the government will confer upon him higher
honors than have over been before
conferred upon a journalist or an
explorer, which two professions
Stanley combines. It is stated that
the Belgian government will join in
decorating ond otherwise honoring
Stanley. It might not be a bad idea
to natch Stanley before making very
elaborate preparations to "decorate"
A recent circular issued by the
United States Treasury Department
proposing to ship, freo of charge, to
persons desiring them, nickels nnd
pennies in certain quantities, on
receipt of the faco value, lias suggested some enquiries in regard   to
A man down in Nova Scotia has
beon heavily fined for sending false
news to a local paper. The magistrate before whom the caso came
pointed out how much the proprietor
of a newpapers depended upon the
good faith of his informants in localities where ho might huvo no porson-
al knowledge to guide him. The
practical joker or malicious falsifier
who may think it rather a, clever
thing to take in a newspaper in this
way will for tho futuro bo wiso in
remembering that it is a dangerous
gamo to play, evon if tho editor is
neither pugnacious nor a good shot.
An exciting scene was witnessed
jn tho Gaiety Concert hall, Birmingham, Eng., recently. A dramatic
sketch wns in progress, during whijh
a sailor is drugged and murdered.
A sailor in the audience leaped
from the gallory on to tho stage,
declaring with an oath he would not
see a comrade como to harm. The
officials in tho hall were floored one
after another by the man in his
desperate efforts to reach tho stage
robbers, and four policemen removed
him only after a violent struggle.
Ho was perfectly sober, and had
returned from a long voyage the
previous day.
Some railroad man has given to
tho world what he knows on this
subject in the following : "A sleeper
is one who sleeps. A sleeper is that
in which tho sleeper sleeps. A
sleeper is that on which the sleeper
runs whilo tho sleeper sleeps. There
fore, while the sleeper sleeps in the
sleeper the sleeper carries tbu sleeper
over the sleeper under the sleeper
until tbo sleeper which carries the
sleeper jumps the sleeper and wakes
the sleeper in the sleeper by striking
the sleeper under the sleeper, on
the sleeper, nnd thero is no longer
any sleeper sleeping in iho sleeper
on the sleeper."
A Captain Harston has made nn
important improvement in the
Martini rifle, or rather an addition
to it. It is described ns a simple,
attachment,weighing about 8ounces,
which converts the, rido into "one of
tho most rapid magazine guns yet
invented." At a recent trial in
Ottawa, Gen. Middleton, who makes
no pretensions as a rifleman, discharged six shots in as many seconds. It is said that.Imperial officers had been "figuring" on the
problem of converting the Martini
into a magazine gun for some years,
and had given it up in despair.
Therefore, as Capt. Harston is a
Canadian, wo have the crow on the
old country this timo.
Tho sawdti-t which has
deposited in the Ottawa river m
Canada generates a gas similar to
that produced by decaying vegetable,
matter in southern marshes, When
the stream is covered with ice the
gas so generated sometimes attains
a pressure sufficient to upheave
several square rods of ice with a
loud noise. It is related that a
skating party of young peoplo on
tho Ottawa river was astonished by
hearing a loud noise and seeing one
of tho party suddenly hurled into
the air and fall back on a mass of
ice. In the warm and moist climates of the south this gas becomes
luminous, producing the well-
known marsh lights, and it is as
well known to poison the air,—Ex.
The minister of militia had rather
a bad half hour in the public accounts committee the other day, at
Ottawa, Tbe question was the
quality of clothing supplied to tho
militia. Two of the "Queen's Own,"
of Toronto, were witnesses, and both
condemned the clothing wholesalo,
asserting that suits had to bo altered,
and that five companies of their regiment refused to wear tho clothing,
and had their own made in England.
A statement that the sizes of the
suits were not correctly marked,
brought a point-blank denial from
an inspector of the department.
Then somebody proposed lo measure
certain sample suits which had been
brought for the committee's inspection, and the marking was found to
bo wrong 1 Nor did tho fact that
both witnesses were Conservatives
seem to carry much conviction to
the badgered ministor.
Just Received, Direct from Hamilton.
Intending Buyers should make a note
of this, as it goes to show that we sell
more Stoves than any two Houses in the
Province. Our superior line of Stoves and
low prices do the business.
E. S. Scoullar & Co.
H. T. READ & CO.
(Masonic Block, Columbia Street.)
Largest Stock of CROSS-CUT SAWS in the Country.
We keep the finest Stock of BUILDERS' HARD-
WARE in the province.
Wc have on baud a large stock of Magnetic Oxide Firc-proof Paint*
warranted 92 per ct. pure oxide. So high a grado sold by no other houso in the city,
eirDm ins lho yoar that wo have opened wo havo materially reduced tho pricea of
evevythii'K in our line, ami hope by strict atteutlon to business to recolvo a continuance of tho public patronage. noldwly
aohine Shop
Front St., New Westminster, B. C.
■Koraraiwr x.Jkrasr,
Ten American fishing vessels have
already taken licenses under the niodtis
I'itiem'i, The indications are that a
very lavgu number will follow their example.
It is reported that A. P. Dulmage,
orown timber inspector at Rat Portage,
haa absconded to tho States, being
short a large autn in his accounts with
tlio Ontario government.
All the civic contractors of Toronto
havo determined to throw up their
contractu, as lliey claim thoy cannot
follow the strict lottor of tho specifications as demanded. Six hundred men
""■ '■-"■ TTnitwi I nnrt fim hundred teams are, idle.
Brass and Iron Castings made to Order.
P. K.- All orders from the upper country promptly attended to.
HEAD OFFICE, ■ ! 5 Serjeants Inn, Fleet St. -LONDON, ENG.
The Buniiieos of ALLSOP & MASON has beeu merged in the above Company
and will bo oarried on by the Company from this date as a general Land Investment
and Insurance Agen-iy.
MONEY TO LOAN on Mortgage at Low Rates. Town Lota and Forming
Lands for Sale on easy terms.
Viclorln B. O., May 16th, 18S7. dw)e7to
Immense Sale of Boots and Shoes!
Commencing February 9th, 1889.
the undersigned will now place his entire stook on tho market at wholesale
]ll*lCC$; llO reserve.   Everything must be sold.
$(i,000 worth of Boots, Shoes, Slippers, Rubber Goods, Shoo Findings, &o,
An early inspection will convince the publio that wo mean business.   Terms—
under $50, cash; over §50, secured notes at 3 months with interest, j
B. "-vKriS-rTTEl^TTTE, <
Tennis & Baseball Shoes!
Among the New Goods Just Opened by
Columbia Street, Westminster, M. C. ,
\J  buy.  Iton Ton I'ollsli, French Dressing, nnd several of tho besU
kinds of BOOT-BLACKING on hand. 1
tarOrdci's by mail will receive prompt attention. dwto
WEEKLY BRITISH COLUMBIAN ■/eeki-Y British Qouumbian \
I Weilliewluy Jliirillns. At>rll 84. I SSI).
(jSViwii Bui's' Columbian, April 23.)
No police oourt to-day.
,   An advertisement will be found   in
(another column calling for tenders for
(the erection of a manse on Sea Island,
North Arm.
_   The work of transforming the   old
■agricultural hall into now civio  offices
■proceeds rapidly under the supervision
|of Mr. Turnbull the oontractor.
,   Aid. Curtis introduoed a "cruelty to
■animals" by-law at the council mooting
[last night and it was road a first time.
Tho sooner it becomeB law tho better.
I Mr. S, J. Thompson will be at
lOentreville, Chilliwack, from the 27th
(April to May 2nd. Parties wishing
photographs will do woll to tako advantage of this opportunity. *
.   Tho counoil last night passed a voto
■ of thanks to the Dominion Govern-
Iment for its promptness in foroing the
ICanadian Paoifio Railway to widen the
■ main span in the Mission bridge.
I The ship MacDuff, whioh sailed from
ISydney, N. S. W. on Feb. 28th, for
■Westminster, to load lumber nt tho
[Royal City planing mills, is now due,
Ju.nd may be expected to arrive any day.
B The mother general of tho order of
■IS'aters of Charity is in the city, and is
■staying at St. Mary's Hospital. She ie
I making a tour of inspection of all
I branches of the order in this province.
1 The Exposition Fund has taken
I another start. Youug & Terhune and
I Terhune & Co. havo Bet a good cx-
I ample to not u few citizens, who
I ought to go and do likewise, by adding
I a "tenner" onch to tho Fund.
I Messrs. Ackerman BroB have been
[ awarded the contract for the erection
| of the new residence for Mr. Warden
| McBride, of tho ■ B. C. penitentary.
I It will be built on the site of the old
government house ond will cost about
The daily  steamor  service  to  the
North Arm is proving a grand success,
and ia greatly appreciated by the farmers, who now have no trouble in reach-
1 ing market with  their produco,   disposing of it and returning homo the
same day.
Salmon averaged ten to tho boat last
i niglit, but this number would have
been muoh greater had the fishermen
worked full time.   The fishermen have
heen earning from $5 to 89 per day
for the past week, and to mnny of them
this is a little too much prosperity.
A most interesting ceremony took
place at St. Peters R. C. church thiB
morning. It was the confirmation of
Mdlle. Louise Martin, daughtorof Mr.
F. X. Martin, of Vancouver. Tho
ceremony was conducted by Bishop
Durieu, assisted by Rev. Father Martin and Rev. Father Walsh. Mrs. J.
0. Armstrong, of this city, acted as
sponsor. Miss Martin looked exceedingly protty in her pure white robe
and veil, and tho responses wore given
firmly and clear. After tho confirmation services, she received her first
communion at the hands of Bishop
Durieu. A breakfast in honor of tho
event was afterwards enjoyed at St.
Mary'B Hospital, at which Mrs. Martin, Mrs. Armstrong and a number ot
the local church dignntaries woro pre
Mr. 4'lilHtiulm.
The latest advices from Ottawa say
tihat Mr. Chisliolm's condition is very
serious, and the doctors now have
grave doubts of his recovery. This
news will bo received with deop regret
throughout the wholo city and district.
The lacrosso players have decided to
hold a meeting about the latter end of
this week or the beginning ot next,
to organism a club and to arrange practices. In the city there nre a dozon
old players who can still handle a stick
with considerable science, and theso
with a number of new players, who are
suro to come to tho front, should bo a
sufficiently good basiB from which to
form a club second to none in tbe province. The season is advancing aud
othor olubs have boen settled down to
practice for somo woeks, so no timo
should be lost.
A lame Transfer.
The new real estate firm of Richards,
Haywood & Mackintosh iiavo got
down to business and aro now making
the dirt fly in all directions from their
offices in tho Colonial block. Mr
Mackintosh arrivod in the city yestor
day and bus assumed full direction of
the business. To dny the linn closed
ita first big sale, but say it is nothing
to whnt will follow whon the different
.connections have been got into smooth
running ordor. The transfer to-dny
<wos a tract of suburban property, on
the Vancouver rond. The purchaser
waB Mr. Wm. lloidt, and the consideration $12,000. 	
The Taxation Bate.
At a meeting of tho counoil Inst night
the rate of taxation was fixed for the
present year. It is to be one per cent
with a reduotioii of 25 per oent for
prompt payment, thus making the
rate threo quarters of ono por oent,
not. Last year tho rato struck was
ono and ono third per cent, eo that the
rate decided on Inst niglit is a groat
reduction, Tho largo increase in the
assessment roll this year makes the
roductiou possible; and few will bo inclined to growl nt the rate. Many
taxpayors hnvo beon anxious to know
whnt tho rato would bo fixed at this
yoar, but few expected it would be nny
lower than Inat year.
'Clio His Kan.
fhe oolachan run reached its top
notch last night, and the water of the
Frr.ser may bo said to havo boeu fairly
alive with the delicious Bweevies.
From the wharves, tliu sohooLof oolachans might be seen making their way
up stream, bound for the spawning
grounds. The Indians wero alive to
the faot that tho "big run" was on,
and they were promptly at work raking
a supply for next winter's food.
Vianen's net brought in far more each
haul tlinn tho fishermen cared to
handle, and the work of emptying the
net wns no small undertaking. Ab
the supply of oolochans is now far in
excess of tho demand, the surplus
stock is being salted for the  fall  nud
winter trade.
 « -♦- •	
The €11)' Park.
The park committee reported to the
council last night that active operations
on the pork had beon suspended for
tho time being, and would not be re
sumed till a considerable amount of
burning hnd beon done. The committee appointed to canvaB among the
citizens for subscriptions, towards paying for the park improvements, will
commence their collection tour this
week; and it i3 to be hoped tho citisens will respond liberally so that our
fine park may be of uso to the gonorai
public this season. Mr. T. J. Trapp
Bucceeds Mr. James Cunningham on
tho committee, the latter having withdrawn. Tho remainder of tho work
to be done on the park will be let by
contract, as it is cxpocted that it will
be more cheaply dono in this way than
by day labor. Tho amount of work
done un tho park up to date, has been
most satisfactory, but efforts should
not be relaxed until the wholo job is
finished and the park thrown open to
tho public,
A Bll! Feed.
A groat Indian feast has just been
held on Seabird Island, lusting for one
week, and ending yesterday. It waB
not an old-fivshiuiicd potlach at which
rival chiefs, or rather rival candidates
for that position among their fellows,
give oway accumulated earnings of
years in order to gain distinction. It
was simply a big banquet—a good imitation of tho modern political "bun
feed"—excepting that the Indians had
no wine or whiskey "in theirs." Everything was done oil a big scale. Fifteen
beeves, we are tuld, were slaughtered
for this gormandizing tournament; 76
boxes crackers, 50 sacks flour and 10
bbls. sugar, were required to feed the
500 and udd Indians who wero assembled during the wook. In addition to
all this, two sea lions, contributed by
the PenolohutB, wore digested by the
toasters. In fact an oye witness relates that they not only oloaned off the
banquet board, but ate up everything
in the vicinity—with the exception of
a box containing three old shoes. The
tribes represented at the feast were
the Cowiohans, Saanich, Sooke, Choa-
1109, Poiialohuts, Chemainus, Nanaimos
and DaktaB. Constable Lewis, of this
city, who prosided with his usual dignity over the proceedings, states that
not a drop of whiskey was drank by
tho Indians, and that everything passed
ed off in a peacoablo and orderly manner.— Saturday's Times.
A Vancouver Sensation.
A sensation is occupying the attention of Vancouverites at present, which
promises some interesting development!; before the matter is finally disposed of. A man named James Hogg
accuses Arthur Sullivan of criminal
intimacy with his wife, whose infidelity he lias had reason to suspect for n
long time. On the 9th of this montli
Hogg followed the.couplo to Sullivan's
Hall, which thoy entored, and, Hogg
claims, locked tho door. Ho remained
outside for half an hour when ihey
camo out together and were immediately accused of criminal intercourse,
whioh both denied. They also declared the door had not been locked.
Tho result of this meeting was that
Mrs. Hogg was ejected from her homo
and bIio rook refuge in tho houso of
the Rev. Mr. Robson, the Methodist
minuter. For somo dnys Mrs. Hogg
hold that bIio was innocent of any
criminal doings, but finally confessed
her guilt und declared an arbortion
had been procured by a woll-known
physician, ns sho and Sullivan (who is
a colored man) wero afraid thnt the
offspring would betray thom. The result of this confession is that charges
have been laid against both Sullivan
and the physician, charging them
with mnlpraotice, which both indig-
nnntly deny. Beforo making a confession Mrs. Hogg wroto to Sullivan
and offered to compromise the matter
for §2,000, which settlement he refused, nnd clnimi thia wns an attempt
at blackmail. The wholo matter will
be ventilated at tiiu polico court.
A. Boll, nf the Bonk of Montreal,
has been granted a three months' loavo
of absence and left for England to-day
to visit his relatives. Mr. Bell was
given a hearty send off by hia many
friends who gathored at tho depot to
wish him lion voyage.
F. Bourne, lato of tho Stratford,
Ont. Herald arrived in the city yestorday and will take up his pormonont
rosidonco here. Mr. Bourne thoroughly enjoyed hia trip across the continent, and is more than delighted
with nil ho snw. Tho scenory and climate of Britiah Oolumbia ho thinks
grand in tlio extreme, and something
ho was entirely unprepared for, «1-
though told to expect great things.
Mr. Bourne is a brother-in-law uf Mr.
T. J. Trap)).
Eight status of the union havo
rejected woman suffrago propositions during Inst winter.
City Council.
The council mot lost night at 8
o'clock for tho transaction of business.
Present Aldermen Curtis, Calbick, Scoullar, Reid, McPhaden, Cunningham, Jaques and Townsend.
His worship Mayor Hendry in the
From S. A. Cawley, C. M. C, Chilliwack municipolity, stating that the
council would not be able to pay the
$75 for the folders till tho fall; also
aaking that the folders be forwarded
to Chilliwack.
The folders were ordered to be forwarded.
From W. A. Handcock, asking that
that portion of Dickinson streot loading to tbe croscont be opened. Laid on
the table.
From Thos. Levi, aaking for a leaso
of 40 feot of Douglas street, between
Oolumbia and Front streets, for a
term of 15 years.
The olerk wos instructed to reply
that the city is not for louse.
From Lowenburg, Harris & Co.,
stating that thoir offer to contributo
84,000 towards the opening of McKenzie stroet through to Front street,
was liberal, and no better terms could
bo granted tho city; also stating that
the offer would only hold good for 30
days ns they intended building at the
expiration of that time. Laid over for
one week.
From T. S. Higginson, asking per
mission te build a water tank on the
north side of Royal avenue, between
John and Mary streets, and to lay
water pipes on Mary and Prevost
streets. Permission granted under
supervision of the board of works.
From Robert Ward & Co., asking
for information re tale of railway debentures.
The city clerk was instructed to
Fiom Hon. John Eobson, provincial secretary, informing the council
that Messrs. John S. Clute and Jas.
Cunningham had beon appointed members of the lieensing board of the city
of New Westminster. Received and
From A. M. Herring, asking per
mission to build a water tank on Royal
avenue and to lay water pipes on Mary
street. Permission granted under the
supervision of the board of works.
From the property holders of Edinburg street, asking that that street be
opened and sidewalks laid, under the
provisions of seotion 101 of the New
Westminster act 1889.   Received.
The board of works was granted
further time to report on Mrs. Hen
nesaey's case.
The board of works reported that
the prayer of the property ownora of
Fortesque street, that tho same he
opened under the street improvements
by-law, be granted.
That Front street from the woolen
mills to Sapperton has been put in
good repair.
That Messrs. G. W. Gilley & Oo,
had driven the piles at the foot of
Columbia street, and that the same
were being capped.
When the queBtion of passing that
clause of the board of works report
referring to the opening of Fortesque
street was beforo the council,
Aid. Curtis romarkod that Aid.
McPhaden and Townsend had snid
we oould not "make fish of one and
flesh of anothor." This wna just what
was going to kill tho street by-laws, if
every littlo §20 job had to bo done by
the issuance of streot debentures.
Aid. Cunningham said this was just
what he expected when the opening
of Fortesque streot wub mooted. People who had been paying taxeB for 25
yeara wero not going to pay extra for
the improving of Btreets on whioh
they held property. Ho would rather
favor a by-law to raise a sufficient, sum
to do the necessary Btreet work. This
he considered the fairest wny.
Aid. Townsend said that if the people of one street paid for street improvements the Bomo courso would
have to be followed in others. The
general revenue could not be spent in
opening a few atreeta, all will have to
pay alike.
Aid. Reid thought the by-law a good
thing, and he could not see that any
injustice would bo done to anyone. If
the people demanded streets and were
willing to pay for the work, they
are entitled to them.
Aid. Scoullar said it was necessary
to look at thia mntter in a brood light,
and to consider the merits of the matter thoroughly. If the peoplo wanted
the atreots the council wns bound to
make the improvements under tho
conditions of the oharter. He favored
the system if no better one was presented.
Aid. McPhaden said he knew men
on Fortesque street who were not in
favor of the street by-luw, and had
signed the petition on a misunderstanding. He was opposed to it and
would vote against it.
Aid. Cnlbick said this systom of taxation wos unfair and ho wns opposed
to it. It was unfair tn tax property
owners both fur tho street they hold
on and to patch up other portions of
tho city. It wos unfair and he would
nppnso it to the end.
Aid. Joquos Baid evory proporty
holder on Forteaque street but one,
who was a resident of the oity, had
signed the pot'tion, and tliot spoko for
itself. Thore wob no present plan better than tho issuance of street debentures and it waB tho only woy that the
improvements could bo carried out.
Tho roport of tho board nf works
was finally adopted.
Aid. Curtis reported that the linonco
committee lind dceidod to mako the
rate of taxation 1 per cunt., with
n loduatioil uf 25 por cent, fur prompt
payment, making tho rote j of 1 per
cent. net. Tlio rate last year was IJ
per cent.   Report adopted
Aid. Cunningham said vast improvements wore required in the city, and
the rate ahould be fixed high enough
to give a guud working revenue.   Peo.
pie were asking for improvements and
ahould bo willing to pay for them.
Aid. Curtis said tho people who
woro calling loudest for city improvements were those who object to paying reasonable taxes.
The park committeo reported that
much work had been done on the park,
but the greater extent of which would
not bo easily observable until the brush
and log piles had been burned. Active operations had been suspended
for tho time boing; an amount of
money eqnal to that voted by the
council has been expended; the committee will collect for the park improvements this week. The committee suggested that Mr. Tropp be added
to the committee in place of Mr. Jas.
Cunningham, who refuses to aet. The
rest of the work to be done will be by
contract.   Adopted.
On motion the city clork was instructed to sign the Fortesque street
petition, on behalf of the oity, to represent oity property held on that
The mayor reported that lot 23 in
block 36 was about to be sold by the
government, and the same had been
appropriated by the C.P.R., nnd for
which the city would huvo to pay if it
passed to priyate parties.
The clerk was instructed to communicate with the government asking
that this lot be withdrawn from the
The council went into committee of
the whole on the street watering bylaw, Aid. Scoullar in the chair.
The by-law was read clause by clause
and the committee rose and reported
the by-law complete with amendments.
The by-law was read a third time
and finally adopted.
The by-law waB ordered to be properly signed and the seal of the corporation attached; also that it be published according to law.
The council went into committee of
the whole on the city wards by-law,
Aid. Townsend in the chair.
The by-law waB read clause by
Tho committeo rose, reported progress and asked leave to sit again.
The counoil went into committee of
the whole on the water works election
regulations by-law.
The by-law was read clause by
clause and tho committeo rose, reported progress and was granted leave to
sit again.
The "Cruelty to animals" by-law
was read a first time by title and
D. S. CUftTiS & CO.
The finance committee was granted
further time to report on the Hon.
John Robson's communication re Fortesque atreet; alao on the suburban
taxeB matter.
Moved by Aid. Curtis, seconded by
Aid. Scoullar, Whereas the Dominion
government has acted promptly in the
matter of prevailing upon the O.P.R.
to increase the length of tbe draw to-
100 feet in the Mission bridge, Therefore be it resolved that the clerk be,
and ia hereby, instructed to thank the
government on behalf of the oounoil
for its promptneas.   Carried.
On motion the board of worka was
ordered to report on the cost of removing the lock-up to the rear of the
new city hall and tho cost of fencing a
yard for the prisoners.
A committee consisting of the board
of works was appointed to define the
new city wards.
Notice of motion was given that a
by-law regulating the issuance of liquor licenses would be introduoed at
next meeting.
Aid. Jaques gave notico of introducing a by-law for tho raising of the
city revenue.
Aid. Jaques gave notico of introducing a by-law for the moking of Fortesque street.
Aid. Scoullar gavo notice of the introduction of a by-law for regulating
streets, sidewalks and traffic  thereon.
Aid Scoullar gave notice of the introduction of a by-law for regulating
and laying out new streets.
The council thon adjourned.
The pleasant effect and the perfect
safety with wliich ladies may use the
liquid fruit laxative, Syrup of Figs, under all conditions mako it their favorito
remedy. It is pleasing to the eye and to
the taste, gentle, yot effectual in acting
on the kidneys, liver and bowels,
fT-un Baby wm tick, tl (ava her CMtorta,
When ahe was t Child, ahe cried for Castoria,
When aha became Miaa, ahe clung to Cutoria,
Whtn ah* had Childnn, aha gave them Caatmia
Masonlc Building, New Westminster,
I. C. dwto
cos-Mosonlo Buildings, New Westminster, and yancouvor, B. C. __ dwto__
GOLD MEDALIST ol the University ot
the High Court ot Justice, Irelnnd. Offloes,
Corner McKenzie & Clarkson Sts., New
Westminstor. dwle21tc
a. W. GRANT,
ARCHITECT.  Offlce—Comor Mary and
Clarkson Sts., Westminster,   dwtc
W. 1IOT1LI,,
1J TATE AGENT. Office — Corner of
Mary * Clarkson Sts., New Wostmlnster,
B. C. dwmhnto
work" have niucli pleasure in notifying tlielr (ricmls and the public that Ihoy
are now preporod to receive ami promptly
oxecuto nuv orders fur work in their lino
with which they may bo favored.
Mechanical Manager,
Vanoouver, B.C., Sth May,,1888.
Wholesale and Retail Druggists
Dress andjancy Goods!
Including Tools of all kinds of the best makes; Cross-cut & Haml-SawS,
Barbed Wire for Fencing, and all the necessary lltciisils for Fanning;
Pulley Blocks, Snatch Blocks, Rope & Chain in all sizes; Pitch,
Tar & Oakum; Tarred and Plain Paper for Building; Paints & Oils
In all colors; Liquid Paints in all shades; Floor Paints ready touse; Grind
Stones; Wall Paper in all designs; Brooms & Brushes for all purposes;
Lubricating Oils; Traps of ail descriptions, and a general assortment of
Agricultural Implements,
tr Special attention given to orders by mail.
Colombia Street, New Westminster.
New Goodsl
Now is the time to Buy for
the coming Fail.
Ogle, Campbell & Freeman,
ing il Company, Li
Shingles, Shakes, Laths, Pickets,
Wood Furnishing for Canneries.
Doors.   Frames.   Windows,
Mouldings*. Balusters.
Blinds. Brackets,
Railing's, Newels,
The Colombian Printing Establishment has first-elass faci..tics for
all kinds of Commercial Printing. Bill Heads. Letter Heads, Circulars,
Cards, Envelopes, Blank Forms of every description, Posters, Dodgers,
Price Lists, "io, Prices will bc found as low as at- any other offic- n-hore
first-class work is dono. Weekly British Columbian
Wcdnesdur Morning, April 11. 1889.
The common black bear is plenti
ful in British Columbia, and, as well
as deer and other game, can be
bagged iu season (and bruin's season
is large and extensive in this balmy
clime—fromMarch till November)by
the adventurous sportsman who will
take an hour or so's stroll from any
one of our cities. Well, but wbat
of this, some will sny. Nothing
much, except that bear hunting is
pretty good sport for those that liko
that sort of thing, you know. But
the point we are coming at is one in
which the farmers, or, more strictly,
perhaps, the stock raisers, will be
interested. Tho world is indebted
to an ingenious Yank in Northern
Wisconsin for the disovery of a new
industry, which is none other than
a bear farm. The "happy thought"
and its materialization are thus given
to the world by an American ex-
chang: "A gentleman in Northern
Wisconsin, engaged in supplying the
market with venison and bear meat,
found his supply of the raw material
running short; and, with true
American fertility of resource, set
about replenishing it artificially.
Instead of shooting a few lean bears
at sight and selling their carcasses
and hides for a song, he enticed
them into traps, took them home to
a pen, fattened them carefully, and
sold them, when in prime condition,
at the highest market prices. The
success of his experiment opens to
the enthusiast the vista of a new
industry which may one day divide
the field with stock raising. There
is something picturesque and seductive in the very notion of a bear
farm. It will appeal to the untram-
meled spirit of the northwest as the
mere culture of the shorthorn and
polled Angus cattle can never do.
And it appears that the enterprise
is of extreme simlicity. Of course,
you must first catch your bears;
but, after the business is once weli
established, the natural increase of
a herd—or should we say "flock," or
"covey"—of bears will keep up the
establishment. Then there is the
keeping, which does not cost much.
The pioneer in the business, to whom
we are indebted for information,
says that corn meal is just the thing,
and that a grown bear cats only as
much as a hog. As the pelt is worth
a good many dollars alone, and the
meat brings a high price in the market, the profits of the business must
be very large. Keeping and attendance must, of course, be considered.
But your bear is a clumsy fellow,
and whilo a pit will hold him, a good
wire fence will also turn him. If, as
is suggested, the captive bears have
their claws clipped and their front
teeth extracted, they could be kept
with impunity as domestio animals.
As for their hugging piopensities,
tho suggestion that tho farmer wear
a spiked coat of mail when he goes
to feed them is hardly feasible. It
might be better to let the ladies of
the family attend to and keep thom
at a distance. The new industry is
evidently so feasible and the returns
from it so large that we may look
forward to the day when droves of
bear will blacken all our fields, and
the pensive bovine, as a domestio
animal and a food product, will yield
tothe juicy and succulent plantigrade." All joking apart, we should
think that a syndicate might be
formed in this city that would just
literally "bear" tho market. We
hope to see the idea taken up. A
prize even might be offered for "best
grade bear" at the provincial exhibition. If the royal city does not
move promptly in the matter, it's ten
to one if Vancouver's enterprising
mayor and council will not be out
with circulars calling for a meeting
at the "salt water terminus" for the
purpose of organizing a bear raisers'
association or some thing of the
Bort. The matter, seriously, will
bear looking into. If the Wisconsin
man can mako money off of a bear
farm, the same thing can be done
In its issue of Sunday our Vancouver morning cotemporary returned to the Oanadian Western
Bailway—a stock subject with that
journal now—and gave it a few
rabid shakes. In its Sunday article
our cotemporaary confirms our impression that it was ambitious to
form a new provincial party, and,
for that and other reasons not necessary to mention, is determined to
make the utmost capital out of its
bete noir—the Oanadian Western.
We would advise our cotemporary,
in pursuance of this object, to endeavor to be both truthful and consistent; otherwise its real motives
will become apparent to every one
and defeat the ends it has in view.
"Until the matter became an accomplished fact but few persons were
oven aware that such a scheme was
in contemplation," says our cotemporary. The facts of tho caso are
thnt tho following public notice appoared in tho B.O. Gazette, and also
Children Cryfor
in the two leading Victoria papers,
from December 27th of last year
until the middle of February last:
Notice is hereby given that application
will be mode to the legislature of Britisli Columbia, at its next sitting, for a
private bill to incorporate a company tor
tho purpose of constructing, equipping
and maintaining a railway from a convenient point on the eastern boundary
of the province to the northern terminus
of the Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway
on Vancouvor Island via Yellowhead
Pass, Cariboo and Bote Inlet; with
power to construct and maintain branch
lines, to construct and operate telegraph
ami telephone lines, to build and operate
steam and other vessels, and generally to
do all things conducive or incidental to
the attainment of the above purposes, or
nny of them; and for a grant of land in
aid of the proposed enterprise.
Charles Wilson,
Solicitor for the Applicants.
The legal requirements with regard to publication were certainly
moro than fulfilled by the promoters
of the Oanadian Western Railway,
and, in view of this fact, the statement that "but fow persons were
even aware that such a scheme was
in contemplation," stands out in its
own light, against the background
of the truth, as childishly absurd and
manifestly false. Our cotemporary
says further: "ThB promoters themselves were desirous of dissipating
the idea of there being any intention
to attempt to carry the matter
through the legislature at that session" (meaning the session recently
closed). In opposition to our co-
temporary's unsupported say-so, we
have the words of the public notice
so widely published for more than a
month previous to the opening of
the last session of the legislature, as
follows: "Notice is hereby given
that application will be made to the
legislature of British Columbia, at
its next sitting," kc. We will not
go into tho subject further at present, the object of this article being
merely to correct our cotemporary
in its too zealous denunciation of au
enterprise which, while promising to
be a benefit to the province, in the
widest sense, cannot reasonably be
expected to benefit Vancouver or
the 0. P. R. directly. Herein lies
the animus of our cotemporary's opposition. We are quite certain that
the Oanadian Western will not be
in any way directly advantageous to
this city or district. We are willing,
however, that other sections of the
province should be developed, which
this railway is calculated to assist
in doing to an eminent degree. We
believe, with our cotemporary, that
it is perfectly safe to leave this railway mutter to the good sense of the
people. They will hardly be led
astray by our cotemporary's obviously interested diatribes.
A writer in a recent number of
America thinks there may be some
hope for the United States, for the
reason that, however depraved the
American politicians may be at
present, und however corrupt their
methods, Americans have cause for
thankfulness that they are not so
bad as those of France. They may
not at all be saints, but they are not
all irredeemable sinners, tho writer
says, and adds that, at any rate the
United States has never been governed by libertines and brothel
keepers. Mr. Guillaume 0. Tener's
article in the April number of the
Forum, entitled "The Rise of Boulanger," is quoted from as depicting
the depraved state of French politics
and the phenomenal career of the
"Jingo General." Of the raison
d'etre of Boulangism Mr. Tener says:
"The prime causes for the establishment of Boulangism lie in the universal contempt in which all the
Republican leaders, with the exception of Freyoinet, are held in
France, and every day the newspapers reassert that truth. To be
ruled by men whom one would be
afraid to receive in his liouse—by a
Oonstans, convicted perjurer and
charged by the leading newspaper
with malfeasance in office, and who
was compelled for a few yoars to
disappear from the political stage;
by a Tirard, a time-server, whose
incapacity is not denied by his most
intimate friends, and whose moral
character may be compared with
that of Boss Tweed; by a Jules
Ferry, supporting his family out of
the French treasury, and ready to
sacrifice the world to his ambition;
by a Fallieres; by a Rouvier, who
barely escaped conviction by a majority of one voice after a protracted
trial on a charge of the grossest and
vilest immorality; by an Andrieux,
the acknowledged protector of a
well-known procuress of the Rue
Duphot, in whose house he was arrested when it was raided, and
whom he saved from prosecution
and conviction; by a Floquet, another time-server, who after basely
insulting the Ozar of Russia in 1867,
became, when in power, hia most
exalted adulator." Here is certainly
material for reflection. What will
be the future of a nation governed
by such rulers" It would take a St.
Patrick to drive out these reptiles,
but the worst has not yet been told.
"In 1882," says Mr. Tener, "the
Royalist journal, C'lairon, affirmed,
in   a leading editorial, that the ill-
Pitcher's Castoria.
ness from whioh Presidont Grevy
wus suffering, and which wus represented to be an attack of partial
paralysis, was simply the consequence of immoral conduct; that the
president was almost a daily visitor
at a house of ill-repute in Grange-
Bateliere street, where only such
vices as those described in tho reports of the Oollins-Dilko scandal,
and of divorce trials were practiced;
that the president had fainted in
the house amid one of theso bacchanalian scenes, and that he had to be
carried to the Elysee Palace, where
he was revived with difficulty. Although all these allegations were of
the most positive order, and were
repeated in the journal time and
again, still no denial camo from the
Elysee and no proceedings were instituted against the Clairon, as the
president knew too well that the
allegations could be proved at the
trial." It is certainly not to be
wondered at that a people cursed
with such rulers should have taken
stock in even a Boulanger; but his
star has paled (he was evidently no
better than the rest), and perturbed
Franco is left to cry, "What next ?"
France furnishes a very good illustration of what gross immorality and
irreligion will bring a nation, or an
individual, to—and the end is not
A western paper has improved on
the phrase "in our midst" by making it "in our immediate midst."
Somo day, perhaps, it will tell of an
incident that happened "in its
remote midst."
Monarch, survey, dispute and
several other words were spoken of.
"Now, tell me what a brute is," said
the teacher. "I know," answered a
little German boy, "that's a lady
what's just got married.-"
By a return brought down in the
senato recently it appears that there
were 104 veterans of the war of
1812 living on July I last, of which
24 reside in Ontario, 52 in Quebec,
4 in New Brunswiok, 1 in Nova
Scotia, 1 in Manitoba and 4 in the
United States. Each receives an
annual pension of §30.
Brander Matthews, writing on
"TheDramatic Outlook in America,"
which will be published in Harper's
Magazine for May, finds evidence of
an improvement in the quality as well
as in the quantity of the plays written in Great Britain and the United
States. The weakest point in
American drama, he says, is that
the playwright here has not taken
the trouble to learn tho theatrical
The dismissal of Postmaster
Pearson, of New York, to make
room for one of the new president's
prominent supporters, is exciting
much comment. He is not only a
model officer, but a Republican, and
the fact that President Cleveland
refused to remove him, while President Harrison has done so to mako
room for a hungry placeman, is
significant of the difference betweon
the two administrations. It seems
to cast a little backward light, also,
on the means by which the Republican victory was gained.
The following extract is taken
from "Evelyn's Diary," and refers to
a Dutch woman, who lived in the
seventeenth century :—"Towards
the end of August I returned to
Haarlem. They showed us a cottage where they told us dwelt a
woman who had been married to
her twenty-fifth husband, and, being
now a widow, had been prohibited to
marry in the future; yet it could
not be proved that she had ever
made away with any of hor husbands, though the suspicion had
brought her divers times into
India-rubber pavement was invented by the German engineer Busse,
in Linden, near Hanover, nnd was
first practically used about fifteen
months ago for paving tho roadway
over the Gootho bridgo in Hanover.
The first experiment proved so successful that during tlio present year
another street in Hanover was
paved with india-rubber to the
extent of 1,500 square metres.
Berlin is considering the advisability of availing itself of tbe same
pavement, and has given it a trial
by laying it down over a considerable distance near the Lutzow bank,
which example is being followed by
Hamburg. The india-rubber pavement is said to combine great
elasticity with the hardness of stono,
to be completely noiseless, and to
suffer neither from cold or hot
weather. Moreover, it is not slippery like asphalt, and is more
Fob Five Years.—For ovor flvo yoars
wo havo usod Hagyard's Yellow Oil in our
family for coughs antl colds, burns and
Boro throat, and our experience is so satisfactory that we would recommend the
medicine to any person." Mrs. I'1. Sanderson, Bosworth, Out.
Tho sun is very grand, but tho moon
takes takes tho shine from it when alio
comes out.
(From Daily Columbian, April 17.)
All quiet in police cirolos to-day.
Salmon averaged 7 lu the boat last
Tho oolachan run is approaching its
W. H. Vianen shipped 1500 lbs of
salmon to Vancouver and eastorn
points yestorday.
Eight hundred pounds of dynamite
wero exploded on Nicola rock in Nanaimo harbor, yesterday.
Hugh F. Keefer, of Vancuuver is
applying for a divorce from his wife
nee Tisdale, on lhe ground of adultery.
Mr. Sheriff Armstrong hos a notice
in this issue announcing that the spring
assizes will be held on Wednesday, May
lstat 11.30 a.m.
The Canadian Pacifio railwny company's earrings for the wook ending
April 7th were ?262,000; for tho oamo
week last year $200,000.
Tho Rev. TIiob. Crosby loft Winnipeg for British Columbia by Monday
night's train. He will arrive in Vancouver on Friday's express.
Mr. Wm. Turnbull bus been awarded tho contract for making the repairs
and alterations to the agricultural hall,
necessary for its use for civic purposes.
, The contract for watering Columbia
and Front Btreets has been 'awarded to
Geo. MoBroom, who will commence
the sorvico as soon as the agreement
is signed.
The new firo hall is rapidly assuming shapo. The new tank beneath it
has proved to bc a complete success,
it having tilled with water 24 hours
after completion.
In a paragraph published yesterday,
it was stated that the total dobt of
Westminster is only §155,000. This
is scarcely accurate The actuol debenture debt is just 85,500, as none of
the railwny debentures hnvo yet been
Several bad priurio fires occurred
throughout Manitoba on Sunday. A
stable containing nine horses and 20
head of cattle belonging to Potor Cameron, Westbourno, was burned. Alex.
Bell of Stony Mountain also lost his
stables and stook.
Donald 7Yuf7i conies to hand this
week enlarged in size and even more
spicy and readable than ovor. Truth
has fixed itself high up in tho clouds,
nnd on such a linn and popular basis
that it may now be termed a handsome and successful fixture.
Tho S.S. Parthia sailed for Japan
and China yesterduy Inking 9 cabin
and 50 Chinese passengers. Her cargo
consisted of lliOG tons of cotton, flour
and general morchandinse. Two
mo*o vessels hnve been added to the
C. P. Line, tho Port Augusta and
Port Fairy.
A London despatch says: "The lords
of admirably bavo granted an interview with Mr. McLeod Stewart, the
presidont of the Canadian Anthracite
Ooal Company, regarding the use of
Banff coal fnr the Paoifio squadron, instead ot Welsh coal. Tho ndmirality
is arranging a test to lind out the
quality of the coal. Mr. Stewart expects favorable results from the  test.
Mr. W. A. Robertson, the veteran
prospector, accompanied by his son,
left to-day for Queen Charlotte Islands
on the Sardonyx. Ho is accompanied
by Mr. J, Parkinson, an English mining expert, who goes'itp for tlie purpose of examining the conl beds.
Should he report favorably on his return the work of sinking a shaft will
be nt once commenced. Mr. Robertson expects to bo nwny about six
months.— Times,
Fiah exports yesterday and to-day
wero both large and interesting. D.
W. Port & Co., shipped 1500 lbs. of
salmon yesterday to eastern points, nnd
1000 Ills, to-day, \V. Ii. Vianen shipped 1500 His. to Vancouver, Victoria
and points cist on the C. P. 1.1, yesterday and 1200 ilia, to-day. Mr. Vianen
sent 1000 lbs. of oolachans to Victoria
this morning and a sturgeon weighing
715 lbs. and measuring 12 feet 0 inches
in longth. This huge fish wna caught
near Warnock.
The city council lind themselves in a
very unenviable position. Now that
they are in form to gu ahead with
stroet nnd other city improvements,
several citizens npnly brakes by threatening injunctions against tho city if the
improvements nro curried on. Now is
not tho time for objection. Why did
not these cynics object whon the notico
of improvements were advertised ? Tho
counoil will meet to-night to decido
whether to po or not to go nliead.—
Whatcom Bulletin.
Said to he Shushed.—"I am ploased
with llnrdock Blood Bittors, beoause it
cured my rheumatism completely. My
sou also, and many other people iu tliis
vicinity, liavo used it ami say it is splond-
od."   Mrs. O. Perrault, Rat Potago, Ont.
The Illusion Urlilgc.
Latest reports from tho Mission
Btate that work ou tho railway and
traffio bridge is being hurried forward
with the utmost vigor. Tlie contractors have all as mnny mon employed
as tho work will permit', and no loss
than 240 laborers and mechanics aro
constantly at work. Three pile drivers are oinploycd driving tho piles
for tho approaches and piers, and this
port of tho contract is being most rapidly accomplished. No orders have
boen yet given to tlio contractors to
widen tho main span, nud unless
prompt action in takon by tho board
of trado and eity council lho bridgo
will be completed and furthor measures
aitainst it rendered useless. At the
rato tho work is progressing at present
the bridge will bu completed by -lutio
1st, so thoro in littlo limo tn lose,
Several stores have boon opened nt
tho Mission, and all are reported to bo
doing a splondid business, Town lots
aro engaging some attention, A fow
ontliusiaats nro about to liy - 1, :\ town
sito and placo tho loin on tiio market.
flla)- Dny (Vlebratlan.
Littlo Maud Hatherley has been
chosen May Queen, to reign over the
May duy festivities. The various committees hove got down to work, and
aro completing all the necessary arrangements. The majority of the
Hyacks will turn out on the festive
occasion in handsome new uniforms.
Tlie §200 voted the company by the
city council at its ' last meeting will
prove a great holp, as the now Hyacks
are not troubled with a superfluity of
ready oash, Tho collecting committee
will pay the merchants and professional men a visit in a few doys, ond it iB
hoped all will subscribe liberally.
i —-♦	
Bhip Building.
Matters in the ship building line are
aotive. Tho new tug being built by
the Royal City Mills is well advanced
and will soon bo ready for launching.
Capt. Insley'a new stern wheel steamer, building at Sapperton, will be
launched in a fow days. McPhee
Bro.'s ship wnrd resembles a beehive.
They nre building 20 fishing boats for
the Bon Accord Packing Co., and a
number for other canneries. This
morning work who commenced on a
steam scow piledriver for Mr. D. A
Macdonald, und the terms of tho contract nro that it must be ready for use
in 7 days. The scow will have a 20
foot beam nud length all over 45 feet.
McPhee Bros, euy thoy will have the
work completed within tho specified
Irt lhe Dirt Fly.
Mr. Eugene Cuulield, president of
the Bollingham Bay Railroad & Navigation Company, arrived back from
Whatcom yesterday aftornoon. Tlie
citizens of Whatcom, ho says, have
completed the 850,000 subsidy which
thoy are to give this oompany. Other
towns arc also preparing to give material aid to the road. The forco of
men working on die road north and
south of tlio boundry line has been inoronsed by tho addition ol 325 men,
and construction is going ahead as fuse
as the weather will permit.
The authorities at Whatcom have
raised the grade at the foot of Broadway st. The cars are to run on nn elevated roadway 800 feot in length. The
wagon road is beneath. Iu this way
collisions with teams will bo prevented.
—Seattle P.-I.
Love nl First sight.
On Friday evening a gentleman arrived in this city from eastern Canadn.
Ho proceeded to a well known hoarding house un one of our principal
streets and immediately fell in love
with the proprietress. It wos a case
of lovo at first sight, and the marriage
will tako place this ovening. The
prospective groom states that the marriago will bo the carrying out in every
detuilof a dream which he had one night
in his oastorn home. The bride is
well known in Victoria and will be led
to tho alter for tho fourth time this
evening. Three former husbands met
with accidental deaths. The boarders
will turn out in full force this evening
to show tlieir appreciation of the winsome landlady and the brave man
from tho east. The Times is doubtful
nbout offering congratulations in advance, hut takes the risk and extends
its best wishes.—Victoria Times.
Whine louii ls II?
It was currently believed that the
present council would spoedily correct
some of tho most prominent abuses
which hnvo hitherto been suffered to
exist in the administration of tho civic
government. It is to bo hoped thnt
public expectation may not be disappointed; but the council bus been
running-the machine now nearly three
months, and there are etill wide fields
open for the exercise of statesmanship.
More thun a month ngo it was announced, (nnd we hailed the aiinuuiico-
nient with unuiingled satisfaction),
that nfier April fools tiny nil tho
streets were to bo cleurcd of rubbish
and other unsightly incumbrances, und
a system of orderly decency inaugurated. This is the 17th, and our naturally beautiful streets hide their comeliness under all sorts of disfigurement.
Piles of old lumber, debris in front of
buildings, brush that has been thrown
nut of orchards, forsaken oil cans, dirty garbage and unsightly accumulations
uf all sorts are rusting undisturbed
wherevor the eye is turned. When a
rat iB caught and killed, out it goes on
to ono of the principal business streets
to lie and rot and poison the air with
its pestilential Hastiness. When a
bottle or lamp or a piece of crockery
has been broken, it is forthwith ejected into the vicinity of lho rat, and its
sharp edges become a meuaiice to both
men and beast. If a mun cleans up
his back yard, the street becomes a
convenient, receptacle for the rofuso.
Is it uot time the governing powers becamo aware that the character of a
city is judged by the character uf the
streets'l The eyes of tlio peoplo are
upon tho uldormen, and if the by-laws
against stroet nuisances bo not speedily enforced, there may come to many
minds the unwelcome conviction that
public faith in personal sincerity has
boon misplaced.
Life and Limb are often in jeopardy through various accidents on land
and water. A prompt reliof olid euro
euro forall painful wonnds, bruises, burns,
cuts, senilis, rheumatism, nournlgia, soro
throat anil croup is Hagyard's Yollow Oil,
known us rclinblo ovor 110 years. Keop
it in tlio liouse ulwuysk
"Doctor," said a wealthy patient,
"I want yon to bo Uioroogli, and striko
at unci' at lho disouse." "1 will" soid
the doctor, and bnnwht his stick down
with n Giiinsh on a twoantor standing
on thu sideboard.
Merchant Tailor,
Mr. Elson will bo at the Colonial Hotel
the lirst Weilnosduy in enoh month tor
thopurposeol laklugoruers.     dwJaSSte
-^mwuui POWERS
Are pleasant lotah. CmtaiH theirmm.
Purgative. Is a saft, sure andtffictml
destroyer ofwirm in Childnn tr Adults.
Corbett & Kennedy,
manupactursrs ov
"W.A-R BJ.
Front Street,   -   New Westminster.
above line, we respectfully solicit ft
share of (lie I rude, und (.rust- by careful
attention to orders and moderate charges
to merit tbe same. Experienced workmen; satisfaction guaranteed.
Estimates furnished forGalvanlzed Iron
Cornice, Hooting, Plumbing, Gas-fitting,
.steam and Hot water Heating, Ac.
ffltw Knlrance to premises on Mary St.,
lu roar of Bank of 13. O. dwinh'Jlc
a?a*-a* ^5a.so *f*
SffjSi-'iiiS:      ^»i
Samuel Mellaril,
Dealer In Cutlery, Earthenware,
Books, Stationery and Medicines.
land Agent, Conveyancer, and
Notary Public.
Agent for "The Colombian."
Post Olllco Addross, Chilllwliaclt.
Bank of Montreal.
CAPITAL (all paid up),
Head Office, • Montreal.
SIB 1). A. SMITH, K. C. M. G.-Presldent.
O. A. DRUMMOND, Esd.-VIco-Prosldent
W. ,1.HUCHANAN-Gouerul Munnger.
Em:.! New York, Chicago, nnd In all
the principal eilies and towns In Canada.
Interest allowed on special deposits.
Manager, Vancouver.
Sub-Admit, New Westminster.
merchant 1 ailor
Black & Fancy Worsteds
Striped and Ciieck
Opp. Colonial Hotel
Columbia St.,  •  New Wkstminstkb.
.,,,,,. MAINLAND.
-BTThoy oro not only mode of the
Ol-olcPSt TollllCCO but tlicy aro of
Hume illaiiufnctiirc, and should be
patronized by all good citizens.
WM. TIETJEN, Manufacturer,
dwl7uoly Veekly British Columbian
I Wedni'sdiij- Morning. April 17, 1889.
(From Daily Columbian, April IS.)
Fourteen immigrants  left  for  up-
iver points this morning to hunt  for
W. H. Vianen shipped 1,500 lbs. of
almon to Montreal and other eastern
loints to-dny.
The salmon run last  night was  tlio
>est of the season.   Many of the boats
•rought in from 25 to 30 fiah.
The canning men are very busy lay-
ig in supplies and making tho  neces-
ary preparations  and  arrangements
r the salmon pock.
Building operations are becoming
lore extensive every  day.   Several
ew btiildinga have been  commenced
Boyal avenue this week.
A largo quantity  of   lumber and
;her building material was sont down
is morning to Canoe pass for Drys-
ale & Co.'s new cannery.
An immense quantity of  furniture
rived from Viotoria last night, by
; str.   Princess  Louise,  for  Mrs.
ller,  who  will  shortly  open  the
neon's Hotel.
An incipient lire occurred lu the
urser's room on the str. Premier,
isterday, at Port Townsond. Tho
urser, Mr. Anderson, lost some
luablo olothing.
The forged notes cases came before
apt. Pittendrigh this morning at tbe
ice court, and the charge against
King was withdrawn by tho crown,
he other cases were adjourned till
Wednesday next.
The Westminster rifles were served
t with a complete new kit at the
rade lost night. This fine corps is
w better accoutred thon any in the
•oviiico nnd fully ns well as the orack
rps of Montreal and Toronto. The
w tunics ore very handsome and
Throo thousand dollars were offered
r o quartz claim on Texada Island
isterdny. There is a shaft sunk on
ie property to the depth of fifteen
et and there is some promising oro
sight. The owner refused the offer
>int blank. Right here we want to
,y thut our clnim has so far returned
a number of "Irish dividends." But
ion somo people are born lucky.—
The str. Princess Louise for West-
inster this morning carried away
om here the largest single shipment
: freight ovor known. The shipment
insisted of furniture and interior fit-
ngs and decorations for a new hotel
i be opened shortly ot the Royal City
»med tho Queen's. Tho whole moused 04 tons; is valued at 96,000 and
as manufactured by Mr. Jacob Sohl.
■ Wednesday's Times.
'The namo of tho sealing schooner
nna Bock, recently sold by auction
i Port Townsend, has beon changed
itho "James G. Swan." It had
een intended to call the schooner
The Duke of York" (after a celebrat
I Indian chief now dead), but the
ceased Indian's boh, the "Princo of
ales," objected to the name, as the
idiana would think the spirit of tho
lad duke was sailing arouud Bell
ngs sea instead of boing in heaven.—
 - .   m  .
Onn Vancouver, Correspondent.—
rom Esquimalt, B. C, Mrs. A, B.
mneron writes that being very much
oubled with dyspepsia she tried two
Dttles of Burdock Blood Bitters, which
■ve great relief, and hopes that others
iay bo induced to try it also and receive
ke benefits,
Annoying lUu Army.
The Salvation Army is continually
subjected to. uncomfortable annoy-
ancoB which would be the cause of a
tremendous uproar wero any other religious sect the sufferers. Last night
a drunken man broke into the circle,
while prayer was boing hold on the
corner of Mary and Columbia streets,
and wanted to address the meeting.
Luckily a policeman happened along
and took him to tho lockup. This
morning he was fined $2.50 and costs.
At tho meeting in the barracks later
on, two drunken men, after listening
to the proceedings for a time, went tn
the door, stouted "Rats!" and scampered off. Such conduct as this must
not be allowed, ond the Salvation
Army must be properly protected, tho
aamo as any other religious  body.
Wonderful Meetings.
The Salvation Army announces a
ries of "wonderful meetings" to be
Id on Monday, Tuosday, Wednesday
id Thursday of next week. A largo
mber of officers from Victoria, Van-
uver and Nanaimo will be present,
the Vancouver brass band will
o be in attendance. The meetings
tho first three days will bo hold in
irring's opera liouse, and the last
icting in the Salvation barracks,
ajor Young will lead the van, and n
ist interesting time is promised.
■ ■—
Navigation In American ('nonucls.
Mosara. Prior, Gordon nnd Mara,
, P.'s, interviewed Hon, Mr. Bowell
lative to securing permission from
o American Govornment for the C.
Navigation Co's vessels to navigate
o American channels by what is
own as the inside passngo. At pro-
it TJ. S. vessels bound for Alaaka
) allowed lo utilize certain Conadion
nnnels botween the islands without
or hindrance. Tho C. P. N. Co. is
is year going to put a magnificent
bsoI on the Alaska routo and occord-
;ly seeks tho necessary permission to
iverse U. S. wators. Hon. Mr.
iwell said ho would tnko up tho quos-
n with the U. 8. authorities at once.
A Few Mlmiii-H Laic.
o provincial police lust evening
eived information thnt a nineteenth
ltury exhibition of barbarism,
own to sports as a "prizo light,"
a in progress at tlio Victoria driv-
i pork. Supt. Ilnycraft and n posse
once visited tho place, but found
it tho birds hod flown. Tho battlo
)ure knuckles to a finish—hod been
ight for $100 a side, between Clem
|Stin of Vancouver and Billy Niohol-
of Victoria; and had boon won by
former in ljj minutes. It was
it unfortunate thnt the information
eivod by the polico ounio just o few
nntos to late, nnd thereby prevent-
tliom from "running in ' oa dial's-
,iiblo n crowd of rowdies us over
jrnccd Victoria with their presence.
The largest tailing.
The largest coating which has been
manufactured by the Vancouver
foundry was turnod out on Wednesday
in a most successful manner. The
casting is the bedplate for the tug boat
which is being built by the Royoi City
Planing Mills. The casting weighs
3| tons and measures 5 feet by 8. It
is'strongly ribbed mid is good proof of
the excellent work which can be turned out here. Besides this there is a
large quantity of other work finished
and ready to be taken away. Included in thia is a condenser for the boat
above mentioned and a largo. number
of columns for supporting the fronts
of buildings. The matiagor of the
foundry has just closed a contract for
building tho engines, boilers, etc., of a
largo steamer. The contract will
amount to about $10,000.—Jews-
The Flab Hatcheries.
The number of young fish of all kinds
that were hatched and turned out
from the several fish hatohories in the
Dominion last yenr was enormously
large, aggregating ovor 88,000,000.
This quantity is far in excess of any
previous year. The classification nnd
8pecies woro oa followa:
Atlantic salmon   8,186,000
I'neille salmon   6,807,000
Salmon trout (Great Lukes)  7,320,0011
Brook trout      176,000
Plckeral (Dnro) 23,000.000
Black buss (Biniil I mouth)   1,000,000
Whlleflsh  40,650,000
If the fisheries of our lakes and
rivers nre to bo preserved, it is only by
maintaining the hatcheries in a high
state of perfection, ond it is satisfactory to learn that under Superintendent Wilmot tho annual product is increasing.
Dredging lhe 1'riincr for Gold.
Mr. W. Baines, of Victoria, is in the
city, having returned from Boaton Bar
where ho hns been locating a Bcction
of the Fraser river for the purpose of
dredging it for its hidden wealth. Mr.
Baines represents a company of English capitalists nnd has made application on their behalf, to the provincial
government for a louse of tho section
of tho river that he staked off. The
company has beon in readiness for
some time to commence operations,
but was awaiting tho decision of tho
privy council with' respect to the
ownership of precious metals in the
Railway Belt in British Columbia. Immediately on socuring the loose the
company will ship oil the nocossary
machinery and .ipplinnces for tho work
from England, and commence octive
Tho Victoria Colonist came out in a
new dress on Tueaday, a conaiderablo
Tlio Blaine Journal has passed out
of the bunds of Cain Bros., and Jos.
W. Dorr, tlie editor, is now proprietor
on well. Wo wish the Journal evory
success under the now management.
A copy of tho lirst numbor of the
Seattle Leader is to hand. This is a
largo eight page woekly, printed on
superior paper and devoted to the
cause of temperance and moral reform.
The St. John (N. B.) Sim has issued
a Iiandaoroe extra edition of 24 pages.
The number ia printed on toned paper, and, with the illustrations and
the statistical and doaoriptivo matter,
is a most creditable publication, and
ono which speaks woll for the enterprise r.nd progress of tlio "bluo  noso"
 . • .	
Willi Is Ilo?
A romantic story connected with a
young Frenchman at Fall River has
just beeu brought to light. Hia name
is Tancred Itoussel, and ho was loft an
orphan in Canada at tho age of ten
year:'. Ho had ll brother who left
hmiio twenty-lino yoars ago—two years
before Tancred wns born—and consequently tb.olatl.er nevor knew of his
wlioreabiiuis. Some time ogo Toncrod
went from Foil River to Bristol, 11.1.,
to wurk lis a mason's apprentice, nnd
one dny ontered into conversation with
a fellow-omployeo nbout his former
home in Canada, When he told tho
workman his nnmo nud tho circumstances of his life, tho latter replied
that he knew of another orphan sur-
named Roussel, ininionsoly rich, who
rcsidod in Britisli Columbia, Oanada,
nnd suggested that lie might bo the
brother wh'om Tranced had doubt of
evor being ablo to find his brother, but
finally ,. a itiduoed to send a lottor to
Brilir.b Oolu nbin to inquire ftb'oiil tho
Children Cryfor
Tlio Wbltcctiuiicl e'iciiats.
The rising generation of Westminster, if not successful in filling all
lhe high offices ill tho gift of the country, are most likely to swell the list of
inmates in our penitentiaries and reformatories. Some fifteen boys, all of
worthy families, whose ages run from
10 to 16 years, have banded together
and formed o society which is known
by the nomo of the "whitechapel
fiends." They have signs, signals,
passwords, grips and peculiar whistles,
all of which are most religiously guarded from the uninitiated. Although
the title of tho Booiety is about as horrible as could be chosen, the boys are
far from boing bonds in thu sense implied. In faot they aro not by ony
means a desperate lot, but what they
may eventually become is hard to even
guess at. The "fiends" hod a olub
house under Front street, admittance
to which was obtained by passing
under one of the wharves. The police
discovered the rendezvous and forced
the youths to Book ot lier quarters, whioh
they did, ond so suocesjfuly that the
authorities tried in vain for eome
weeks to discover the location. The
boys were jubilant and openly laughed
at the efforts of the police to find thom
out. Yesterday chief of police Peurce
struck the right trail and successfully
located the gathering place of the
"fiends." The shell of a huge burnt
log, a short distance off Forteacue St.,
near the slaughter liouse, waB found
to be the rendezvous of these wayward
youths. Earth had been thrown up
on either side, and a portion of the entrance cloaed up, leaving a hole only
large onough for a boy to crawl through,
Over the whole was scattered green
boughs, and to a casual observer nothing unusual struck the eye. In front
of the entrance, a handy fire place
was arranged, and scattered
about were a number of cooking uten-
aileB. The inside was arranged with
seats and shelves, and was large enough
to accommodate a dozen boys with
comfort. The floor was covered with
cigarette and cigar stumps, cigarette
papers and tobacco wrappers. From
the signs observable the chief is of the
opinion that many chickens from
neighboring roosts have met with an
untimely end in this old log. Before
leaving Chief Pearce destroyed the
club house so that it can never be used
for the same purposo again. The Columbian has frequently called the attention of parents to the folly of allowing their boys to remain out after
dark, but tho effect has only been temporary. What happened in Vanoouver
o few montha ago, when the boys formed a society for committing petty
thefts, may bo repeated in this city,
and, if so, the fault will lie more with
the parents than with the boys.
Ikinnld Truths.
Charles F. Law reports that he will
have to suspend operations on Jubilee
Mountain for a month, owing to the
large amount of water now coming into the Constance-Atlanta shaft, The
shaft is down over 80 feet, and in good
stringers of ore, but the water cannot
be handled without a pump.
T. S. Higginson and H. B. W. Aikman of the Dominion land department
were at Golden thia wook, and granted
tho following homestead entries: B.
F. Davis, Mrs. Mary Archer, Richord
Love, J. W. Connors, John Gibson
and Mr. Wild. The entries are about
160 acrou each, and the land is all located closo to Golden.
Private advices from Revelstoke are
that tho Columbia River Transportation Company will immediately begin
building a steamboat for the lower
river trade. Whon completed she will
run between Revelstoke and Little
Dalles, Washington. At the latter
place connection will be made with a
lino that is operatod for the benefit of
Spokane Fulls.
Dave Woolsey believes that he has
struck a mine on Cariboo Creek, 45
miles weat. of Donald. It is close to
to the 0. P. It. track. The vein ia 11
feet wide, carrying silver-lead ore. As
says givo returns of $40 and $90 to the
ton in silver. Mr. Woolsey has a num
ber of railroadmen interested with him
and sufficient capital is subscribed nnd
paid in to do considerable develop
ment work.
T. F. Sinclair and Jim Campbell
started from Canal Flat for Golden on
Tueaday morning, and arrived at Pete
Mclntyre's hotel tho same night: the
next afternoon thoy made Golden.
The distance is about 140 miles, and
thoy made the trip in a Potoboro
canoe. Mr. Sinclair ia the canal non-
tractor and Mr. Campbell the steam
boat engineer. Both gontlomon nro of
undoubted verocity. If they ore,
thoir time is tho foatoet on record.
Ctttimore is to be the coming mining
town on llio eastern slopo of the
Rockies, and it is already having a
littlo real astnto boom. Tho coal
mines ui, Cuiuviiiro nre a reality, and
ihe coul ia pronounced by experts to
be u superior nirtiole for blHckamithing
and, nlso, tlmt it will enko. Ordera
nre coming in fmely from San Francisco uud other Cimftt points. At present
the output is 50 tons a dny, and thia
will bo im-rensod an soon ns a ferry can
bo put acroea Bow river. \
Frank Clarke, the only occupant of
F. Clarke's bunking house, London,
Ont., waa astonished Tuesday nfternoon whon one of two mon who had
ontered tho olllco presented a pistol at
his head and demanded whnt funds
wero on bond in the bunk at that time.
Frank, ns quick ns lightning, seized
tho r-.-volver, and a struggle ensued,
during  ivhicli  the would-be  robbers
entnped. They uro being watched
for, nud a« Clurko cun describe them,
their c-iptiivo ie almost a certainty,
Ifnitr iiiiulri"! colonists left for
Monil'iiba- and the Nortliwost Tuesday
night. **!:niy are bound for Britiah
Bishop Hurst, of the Methodist
Episcopal church, Bays that in
Mexico, 8,000 people have never
seen a copy of the bible.
One of the most successful lawyers at Atlanta, Georgia, is Oharles
H. J. Taylor, a negro, who began
life as a boot-black. Ho formerly
practised law in Boston.
Speaking of abbreviations, the
Boston Transcript suggests that a
good abbreviation for Alaska would
beL. S., which, as every one knows,
means the plaoe of the seal.
The Queen of Madagascar is described as a small, slender woman,
with a very sad face, a sweet smile
and no end of Paris gowns. She is
twenty-three years old, hns been
four years a queen, and is really
worshiped by her people,
A Wichita preacher delivered a
discourse last Sunday on "Lying,"
and when he went down town on
Monday morning not more than
half the peoplo he met would speak
to him.—Ex. That's generally
what happens in this wicked world
when preachers begin to get too
personal, which reminds us—
Once again the danger of overindulgence in tobacco is brought
vividly before the public. Edwin
Booth has been in the habit of smoking twenty strong oigars a day. It
may. be that to some men a small
amount of tobacoo every day is
beneficial, but a man who lights a
fresh cigar every half-hour is flirting
with physical collapse.—Ex.
In 1880 some thirty young women
in Berlin started an Old Maids' Olub,
with a provision for a fine of 1000
marks upon every one who married,
The club was a great success, but
suddenly an epidemic of marriage
set in, and at the annual meeting
this year only one member was
left, and she found herself called
upon to dispose of 28,000 marks,
the accumulation of the fines paid
by the former members. She took
the advice of the ex-members, and
it was decided that half the sum
should go to a hospital, and that the
solitary old maid should have the
rest for herself.
Lady Hornby, wife of the British
Admiral, is a "character." Years
ago she was struck in the eye by a
shot from a catapult in the streets
in London and lost its sight. She
is, however, sharp as a needle, and
her one remaining eye amply does
duty for both. She is one of the
most courageous women alive, and
once saved the life of a favourite
cat by herself biting a mad dog at
the tail. She delights in nothing so
much as startling people, and once
sent a hotel full of dowagers into fits
hy telling them the secret of her
plentiful supply of exotics was her
habit of going around the cemetery
every morning and snatching them
from the tombs. There are endless stories about tbe sayings and
doings of her ladyship; and Bhe does
all she knows to foster a character
of eccentricity.—Ex.
The New York Sun says: A
report comes from Germany that the
government is likely to invite France
and England to cooperate in a movement to suppress the liquor traffic
on the west coast of Africa, This
news will be heard with concern by
some rum manufacturers in our own
country. It may not be generally
known that the groat centre of
culture contributes about all the
liquor from our land which is poured
down the throats of native Africans,
It is said that one firm within five
miles of the Massachusetts state
house has a contract to supply 3,000
gallons of rum a day for seven years
for the African trade. This thriving business is doubtless a source of
great satisfaction to tho makers of
trade rum, but we see another aspect
of the case in such piteous appeals
as that of Ohief llama, who, in his
recent request for protection against
the liquor sellers, said : "I dread
the white man's drink more than all
tho assegais of my enemies."
An exohango revamps an ancient
but somewhat amusing "chostnut"
as follows: In an English country
church the curate had to give out
two notices, the first of which was
about baptisms and the latter had to
do with a new hymn-book. Owing
to nn accident he inverted the order
and gave out as follows : "I am
requested to announce thut the
new hymn-book will be used for the
first time in this ohurch on Sunday
next; and I am also requested to
will attention to the delay which
oftt'ii takes place in bringing children te be baptized; they should be
brought on the earliest day possible.
This is1 v particularly pressed on
mothers wjio have young babies."
And for tJie information of those
vhohsve nwne," added the rector
in gentle, kindly tones, and who,
boing deaf, hdid not heard what
had been previously said—"and for
tho information oif those who hnvo
none, I may state';-, if wished, they
can be obtained ora application in
the vestry immediately after service
to-dny. Limp ones, ,1 shilling ench;
with 3tiff backs, 2 shillings."
EOYAL (Absolutely Pure)..
GRANT'S (Alum Powder)-IS.
KUKFORD'S, when fteah..
EAKFORD'S,when freah...
CHARM (Alum Powder)*...
AMAZON (Alum Powder) #.
PIONEER (SauFrawirco)..
PEARL (Andrews * Co.)....
Hllw.ukeo, {Contain. Alum.}        ^^
BULK (Powder sold loose).... Hi
As to Purity nndWholesomeness of the Royal BakingPowdcr.
" I have tested a package of Royul Baking Powdor, which 1 purchased in tho
open market, and find it composed of pure and wholesome Ingredients. It lso cream
of tartar powder of a high degree of merit, and does not contain either alum or
phosphates, or other Injurious substances. E. G. Love, Ph.D,"
" It ia a scientific fact that the Royal Baking Powder ls absolutely pure.
"H. A. Mott, Ph.D."
" I lmve examined a pnekage of Royal Baking Powder, purchased by myself In
the market. 1 lind it entirely free from alum, terra alba, or any other Injurious sub-
Btance.       IlEitiir Moiitox, Ph.D., President of Stevens Institute of Technology."
" I have analyzed a package of Royal Baking Powder. The materials of which
it Is composed ure puro and wholesome.      8. Daha Hates, Stnto A6snyer, Mnss."
The Royal Biking Powder received the highest award over nil competitors at
the Vienna World's Exposition, 1873; at tlio Centennial, Philadelphia, 1870; nt the
American Institute, New York, und nt State Fairs throughout the country.
No other article of human food has over received such high, emphatic, and universal endorsement from eminent chemists, physicians, scientists, and Boards of
Health all over tho world.
Note—The abovo Diaobam illustrates the comparative worth of various Baking
Powders, as shown by Chemical Analyala and experiments made by Prof. Sehedler.
A pound con of each powder was taken, tho total leavening power or volume in
each can calculated, the result being as Indicated. Thia practical test for worth by
Prof. Sehedler only proves what every obeervant consumer of tho Royal Baking
Powder knows by practical experience, that, while It costs a few cents per pound
more than ordinary kinds, It is far more economical, and, besides, affords the advantage of better work. A single trial of tho Royal Baking Powder will convince nny
fair-minded person of these facts.
* While the diagram shows aome of the alum powdera to bo of a higher degree
of strength than other powdera ranked below them, lt la not to bo taken aa indicating that they have any value. All alum powdera, no matUr how high their strength,
ure to be avoided as dangerous.
Klcbe-1 Ore ftwclled at Anaconda.
A man passed through Donald this
week who was employed at the Anaconda smelter up till the time that half
of that great reduction-works plant was
destroyed by fire. Ho said that he
took samples of the bullion as it come
from the furnoce, and that the ore sent
them from the Toad Mountain mines
Waa the richest ever worked at Anaconda. He reports that tho samples
assayed as high aa $1700 to the ton.
Quite a number ' of men employed
round the works intended coming to
Kootenay district this summer, but
the fire changed the plan of many of
To the People of New Westminster and
Surrounding Country:
We have just arrived in your
beautiful province, from Ontario—
that land of snow—and have brought
with us a beautifully selected stock
of Puro and Fresh Drugs and all the
other requisite articles to mnke n
first-class drug store. We are located iu the Holbrook Block on Columbia st., 2 doors from the Telegraph
Office, You can't miss it; our front
is painted Eed. We want you to
call the next time you are in the
eity, as we wish to make your
Yours truly,
Macpiiersox ifc Thomson.
Chemists and Druggists,
(Late of England)
Corner of Church and Columbia Btreets,
•^Satisfaction gnartUiloed.     dwfe7tc
CHARLIE" (511 O. R.jwiU
make tlie season of 1SS9 as
Kino Henry, at,  Ladnoi's, Hud Bay,
Semiahmoo, Clover Valley and Langley.
PniNOK Charlie, at Ladner's nnd Lulu
Teems—King Henry, $15.00 lo Insure.
Prince ChtU'jie, 25,00     "
Not resnousible for accidents.   For further particulars enc-ulie  of lhc  undersigned at l,;ulniTV.
wapSml H. D. BENSON.
C. C. Richards k Co.
Gents t—I was cured of a severe attack
of rheumatism by MINARD'S. LINIMENT, after trying all other remedies
for 2 years.
Georgia Tingley.
Albert Co., N. B.    .
C. C. Richards & Co,
Gents,—I had a valuable colt so bad
with mange, I feared I would lose it. I
cured htm liko magic.
Christopher. Saunders.
Fivo incendiary tires were started tit
Listowel Tuesday night. Three of
them were put out immediately, but
by the other two J. E. Terhune'a residence and Rev. Mr. Dock's stables
wero burned to the ground with all
their contents. The former's family
had a narrow escape.
Like Half a dollar.—"About 8 yoars
ago my feet and legs became poisoned,
and came out in great sores as large aa a
half dollar which ato in almost to the
bone. After the failure of otlier remedies, tho sores were completely healed
by one bottle of Burdock Blood Bitters,''
Joseph Gonypnj Tupporville, Ont.
Job printing of all kinds neatly dono
at the Columbian offioo. Prices will be
fouud as low aa at any other offioo in
the province,—Adv,
the Posl master-General will be received at Ottawa until noon.on Frlilny,
17tlt Way, for the conveyance ot Hor Majesty's Malls, on a proposed Contracttor
four years twice per week each why, between
from the 1st July nest.
The conveyance to lie mnde on horseback or in a vehicle, at. the option of the
contractor. To leave Elgin every Wednesday and Saturday; at 7 a. m.,lo proceed to Netv Westminster, and get back to
Elgin with return mall on the evenings
of the same dnys.
Printed notice-; containing further information as to conditions of proposed
contract mny be semi nnd blank forms of
Tender may ho obtained nt-t ha Post Offices
of New Westminster, Mud tiayand Elgin,
and at this oflice.
Post Oflice Inspector.
Post Oflico Inspector's Office,
Victorin, April 5,1889.   atfOwSt
Live Stock!
important to Loggers, Farcers, Butchers and Dairymen.
X from Mr. EnwAiin Parr nnd others to
sell by Public Auction at Eicnsington
ftTiUrlc. Surrey, on
Thursday, 2nd May, 18S»,
the following Live Stock;
2  yoko Oxen, well broken to the plow
and very gentle.
1 yoke Oxen, not broken; 5 years old.
2 yoke Oxen, well matched; 3 years uid.
1 only Work Ox.
1 only Steer, i years old.
12 extra good Dairy Cows, just coming in.
52-year old Heifers.
S yearling Heifers.
2 yearling Steers,
12-ycnr-old Durham Bull.
1 Horso, gentle to ride and drive.
1 good Work Team; about 2000 lbs.
Also—I Breaking Plow.
J    PARR'S FARM and will 0t
i imonce
nt 10 o'clock.   The stock (IVO till
In jvooiI
•oniiltion nnd will be found v,
rthy the
attontion af tho Public,
TEmrs—For pum's 'indcr 850,
■ ' cash;
over thnt am.out>-. negotiable
■ to
months al.8 per out. Interest.
a\, cr. a-as;*.^
waplOM                      .,'Auc i,-ir^.raaoa53a3gaB^m^aflijiaia:OTj^^
Weekly British Columbian
Wednesday Morning, April S4, 1889.
Tho News is opposing the proposed expenditure of $20,000 by
the Vancouver corporation tor the
establishment of a city market, the
principal reason being that tlieNorth
Arm bridges have not yet been
built, and, consequently, according
to tho News, as it is "impossible for
the farmers to reach the city and
use a market, it would certainly
seem to bc injudicious to borrow
money to erect a building for which
there can be no use." The News
points out that, according to an
agreement entered into tit the close
off the year 1887, between the city
of Vancouver, the O.P.R.Oo., and
the municipality of Richmond, the
city has constructed its bridgo across
False Oreek, at a cost of §22,000,
the railway company has built its
section of wagon road, as agreed,
but Richmond municipality has failed to do its part in having tho north
arms of the Fraser bridged. Atten
tion is also called to a resolution,
passed at the last meeting of the
Vancouver council, charging the
Richmond municipality with a
breach of public faith on its
part unless it at once provides
the means to perform its part
of the agreement. The News, we
think, under the circumstances,
is rather severe, to tho point of
unreasonableness, upon tho Richmond municipality, as that body is
not fairly chargeable with delaying
the construction of the bridges,
either wilfully or negligently. The
delay has rather been the result of
circumstances which the municipality could not havo been expected
to control. As to what the municipality is hound to do in the future
inthe bridge matter is another question.    _____^__
At a meeting of the directors of
the British Columbia Agricultural
Society, held on the 13th inst., in
the council chambers, some association business was transacted, the
most important being the fixing of
the date for the next provincial annual exhibition, to bc held at this
city, on Wednesday, Thursday, and
Friday, the second, third, and fourth
of October respectively. This is
nearly the same date as the show
was held on last year, and will give
time for the various local exhibitions
to be held a few days in advance.
The president of the association, Mr.
W. H. ladner, M.P.P., stated at
the meeting that he had invited
Lord Stanley, the governor-general,
to be present and open the exhibition. He had received an answer,
by wire, to the effect that
his excellency feared he could
not accept the invitation, but
would forward his answer later
by letter. In pursuance of instructions from the meeting the secretary,
T. R. Pearson, has written to the
governor-general, notifying him of
the date fixed for the opening, and
it is quite possible that Lord Stanley, who, it is understood, will visit
the province this fall, may honor the
exhibition by his presence. In an
advertisement elsewhere the secretary of the agricultural association
states that the directors are revising
the prize list for 1889, aud will be
glad to receive suggestions from any
one interested and also donations of
special prizes. Anyone wishing to
communicate with the secrotaiy on
the above points should do so at
once, as the list must be revised and
completed not later than a week
from date. Now is the time for
everyone to do something for their
country. The time is short, and we
are reminded that the Exhibition
Fund is very "tired" waiting for
another lift. About two dozen enterprising citizens should speak at
The question of artesian wells for
purposes of irrigation is one that is
of interest to a portion of the interior of this province. As our
readers will recollect, the subject
caused considerable discussion in the
legislature and by the press a few
weeks ago. The following from the
San Francisco Chronicle on irrigation
by means of artesian wells in certain
districts of California will bo of interest in this connection. Says tho
Chronicle: One of the most remarkable features of California and one
that strikes the visitor with wonder
is the artesian wells that ure seen in
various parts of tho state. And it
certainly is good ground for wonder
when one sees a pipe sunk into the
bowels of the earth, from which
pours without ceasing or diminution
a Hood of a million and a half or
two million and a half gallons daily.
Artesian wells havo been successfully sunk in many parts of tho
state. Thoy are found in the Santa
Clara valley, in the San Joaquin
and in tho counties of the far south.
But it is unquestionable that the
most remarkable development in
this direction has been in what is
known as the artesian belt of Kern
and Tulare counties.   When it is
known that single wells, sunk at a
cost of from §1000 to §2000, afford
a How of water sufficient to irrigate
au entiro section of land, a faint idea
can be formed of the vast importance and value of the artesian system. There are many advantages
in a farmer owning his own source
of water supply instead of having to
depend upon ditches or canals owned
by others or by incorporated companies. These advantages need not
be discussed here, but every irrigator
is fully cognizant of them. Consequently the intending settler should
be guided by the experience of others,
and if he cart buy land at a moderate
rate within the limits of the artesian
belt he cannot do better than locate
thero, and either singly or in conjunction with one or two neighbors
sink a well. It has boen abundantly proved that within certain quite
well defined limits there is no such
thing as failure to strike a good Sow,
while by a few settlers oombining
the cost to each may bc made very
small, and at the same time the
result will be in the highest degree
With all the improvements that
are being made in the naval armaments of the world, perfection is yet
a long way off, even with respect to
the British war ships, which must
be conceded to bo in the van of
modern progress in offensive and
defensive naval architecture, as well
us in the machinery and manning of
the vessels. It is still true as ever
that "Britania rules the wave," and
this saying received a marked demonstration, in the marvellous and
successful fight made by H.M.S.
Calliope a few weeks ago, against
the fierce Samoan hurricane that
shattered into kindling-wood six
companion ships, belonging to Germany and America, in the harbor in
front of the little city of Apia. But
British men-of-war builders have
not yet succeeded in combining advantages and overcoming drawbacks
to such an extent that a great deal
of further experiment is unnecessary. There is, says the London
Engineer, a vague sense of something
lacking which is not pleasant, and
it seems strange that, notwithstanding the enormous variety in type
admissible in the navy, nothing has
been produced which is perfect in
one respect. Thus we have nothing
superlatively fast, or steady, or safe
from being sunk, or able to fight her
guns to perfection. Compromise is
no doubt an excellent thing, but it is
possible perhaps to push it too far,
and it seems as though it might be
worth while to abandon some qualities wholly to secure the possession
of others in perfection. Thus, for
example, it might be worth while to
arm ships of the Archer class with
guns which they could really use at
sea; and although something else
would have to be sacrificed, it might
be found better in tlie end to raise
the turret guns of the Hero, which
are now, we are told, so close to the
deck tbat the explosion from them
is likely seriously to damage the
upper deck fittings in their line of
fire. As it is now, all the fittings
on tho fore deck leak badly, and tho
mess deck is always afloat when
steaming against a moderate sea.
A trial of the strength of these fittings should be made by firing full
charges right ahead. The great
defect of the modern British navy is
that we have always tried to combine too much in one ship. Our
designers have behaved in effect like
men who have to pack into one
portmanteau what would fill three;
they are roluctant to leave out
anything, and the result is that
everything is crushed and spoiled.
A very large sum is to be spent on
the navy. Let us hope, says the
Engineer, that, instead of building
half a dozen ships, in each of which
half a dozen more or less incompatible qualifications are to be combined
somehow, tho plan will for once be
tried of building half a dozen different ships in each of which will be
found some superlatively good qualities.
One can hardly read the despatches about the grand rush at Oklahoma, precisely at noon on Monday,
and allow his imagination to depict
the scene, without being forcibly
struck with the ludicrous side of th*
picture. The "boomers," by their
importunities, have fuirly forced
this territory into the market and
out of the hands of the rightful
owners—the Indians of the United
States. The president, yielding to
the resistless and determined pressure of interested parties, was induced to proclaim the territory open
for settlement. April 22nd, at noon,
was the day and hour when the bars
were let down. And, presto on
the stroke of tho clock, with a one,
two, three, go! a motley mob, numbering thousands, who have be-
leagural the "promised land" for
weeks and beer, daily augmented,
tear frantically through tho brush,
in vehicles, on horseback, and foot
—sotno with all their household
goods, and even their houses with
them—all bent on securing for is o.
1 the "softest snaps" to be found in
the Oklahoma pastures. Thousands
crossed the line, with a whoop and
a yell, the first minute, and the
living stream still continues, and is
expected to (low until the land is
filled up, and the inevitable reaction
takes place. Casualties are a part
of the programme, of course, two of
the "boomers," with their teams,
having been drowned in the first
rush yesterday, endeavoring to ford
a river that intervened. Conflicting
interests and unavoidable personal
collisions of excited "boomers" and
land-seekers aro likely to produce
something more serious than mere
accidents before a normal stato of
things supervenes in feverish Oklahoma. Tho military, however, are
present iu strong force, and, it is to
be hoped, will succeed in at least
restraining bloodiihod.
The report of the department of
fisheries for the Dominion of Oanada is to hand. A brief review
will be of interest, The total value
of the fisheries of Oanada for the
year 1888 is given as§17; 'lSiolO.-
76, divided among tho various provinces as follows: Nova Scotia,
$7,817,030.42; New Brunswick,
$2,951,863.05; British Columbia,
$1,902,195.50; QueL-c, $1,860,012.-
96; Ontario, $1,839,809.09; Prince
Edward Island, $870,862.7-1; Manitoba and N. W. Territories, $180,-
677. It will be seen that Britisli
Oolumbia looms up well as compared
with her sister provinces in fish production. The Pacific province will
yet stand higher when its fisheries,
particularly the deep sea fisheries,
shall have been fully developed.
The aggregate value of the fisheries
of the Dominion for 18S8 shows a
decrease, when compared with tho
previous year, 1887, of $907,592.99,
divided as follows: Nova Scotia,
$562,752.26; New Brunswick,
$617,643.84; Princo Edward Island,
$160,563.10; British Columbia,
$72,691.58. The other provinces
show an increase as follows: Quebec,
$86,445.53; Ontario, $308,819.36;
Manitoba, $51,593.' British Columbia's yield as givon above, is exclusive of the consumption by Indians,
which, placed at $3,257,500, raises
this province to second place, with a
grand total, representing the value
of its fisheries for last year, of $5,-
159,695.50. The decrease in the
value of the fish product of this
province for last year is attributed,
correctly, no doubt, principally to
the failure of salmon fishing on the
Fraser last season. Notwithstanding this large falling off, it is added,
the average pack per cannery was
nearly the same as that of previous
years, while the total capital invested in the business showed an increase as compared with 1887. .It
will not be amiss to mention here
that still more capital is being invested this year, and that four new
canneries—making a total number
of sixteen—will operate on tho Fraser during the season about to open,
which • is expected to bo a profitable
one. The report states that, having
in view the fate which has befallen
the once productive Sacramento
and Oolumbia Rivets, antl iu order
to guard against similar results in
our own streams, it was found necessary to enact more stringent regulations for the protection of this
valuable industry, and, after quoting
the order-in-council passed November 26th, 1888 (modified since in
some of its provisions), expresses
the hope that a strict enforcement
of the regulations will put a check
to the decline experienced during
the past two seasons and ensure success and permanency of such a
source of wealth to the province of
British Columbia. The decrease in
the fur seal catch of Behring Sea is
assigned principally to the unsettled
state of affairs by which several Brit
ish schooners were deterred from
entering these waters at the risk of
seizure by the U.S. revenue cutters.
The department lets itsolf down very
gracefully from the performance of
an obvious duty in connection with
explorations with respect to the
northwest coast fisheries in this
way: "Circumstances again prevented this department from continuing
tho experiments begun in 1886, with
the view of locating the cod banks
in the neighborhood of Vancouver
and Queen Charlotte Island; but it
is satisfying to know that the attempts made by private parties in
this direction were fairly successful
and will eventually lead to preparations on a larger and more extensivo
scale for the pursuit of this fishery,
next season." Nevertheless, ihd
"department" can and should /do
something even yet to expotlite/and
assist in the laudable antl repj-oduc-
tivo enterprise of opening Jup and
developing the coast fishery's of this
province. The report st/ates that
thero at present elevon (hatcheries
under control of the Do-minion government, of which fou/r urn located
in Quebec, two eao"lt in Ontario.
New Brunswick nnd, Nova Scotiu,
and ono in British Columbia—tho
Frasor River hatcljiery. The total
number of young ■ iisli of various
kinds hatched and distributed from
those hatoherios during tlie season of
1888, from the crop of 1887,
amounted to 88,109,000, and the
total amount of ova laid down during the year was 98,21-1,000. The
total expenditure for the fisheries
service during the financial year,
ending 30th June, 1888, amounted
to $377,487.59, including fisheries
protection servico expenditure to
31st December, 18S8. Under tho
head of general service tlie total expenditure for the Dominion amounted to $95,544.05, sub-divided among
the different provinces as follows :
Ontario, $19,800.52; Quebec, $13,-
463.37; Nova Scotia, $18,308.02;
New Brunswick, $20,533.20; Prince
Edward Island, $3,402.51; British
Columbia, $3,661.83; Manitoba,
$2,816.64. It will be soon from the
above figures that the service in this
province, in proportion to the value
of the fisheries, costs the department
much less than in any of the
other provinces. The totals of
expenditure, as given above are
made up of three items., viz., salaries of officers, disbursements of oflicers, and miscellaneous. For British
Oolumbia the amounts opposite
these items are, respectively, $2,-
415.55, $1,107.65, $138.63. The
Fraser Rivor hatchery cost the department last year, $5,653.90,
divided as follows: Salaries, $2,-
100; miscellaneous expenditure, $3,-
553.90. The following statement
of fisheries revenue paid to tho
credit of the receiver-general of
Oanada for the fiscal year ended
30th Juno, 1S88, shows tho proportion in which each province contributed : Ontario, rents, license fees
and fines, $18,251.25; Quebec,rcnts,
license fees and fines, $5,394.99;
Nova Scotia, fishery licenses and
fineB, $3,905.44; New Brunswick,
fishery licences and fines, $7,025.64;
British Columbia, rents, license fees
and fines, $0,934.55; Manitoba,
fishery licenses, $819.25; total, $42,-
931.12. A recapitulation, showing,
among other things, the value of
fishing material, etc., and the number of fishermen in tho different
provinces of the Dominion, for the
year 1888, speaks well, comparatively, for this province i Nova Scotia, No. fishermen, 28,107, total
value material, etc., $3,229,845;
New Brunswick, 9,840, $988,007;
P. E. Island, 4,379, $379,890; Quebec, 9,432, $670,521; Ontario, 3,-
303, $558,620; British Columbia,
5,940, $1,036,132. The foregoing
review of the fisheries department
report is comparative, principally.
In returning to the subject we shall
give a few particulars from the sub-
report of our own provincial inspector.
B, 0. Agricultural Society,
tho above Socioty is now revising t(ie
Prize List for 188!i, and will ba pleased to
receivo any suggestions from Intending
exhibitors and other friends of the Society.
All parties contemplating donations of
special prizes will kindly communicate
with tho Secretary within a weok from
date, and any suggestions as l<> prisse list-
should be in within the same period.
New West., April 22, ISSif.   dwap22wl
the undersigned for the
On Sea Island, North Arm, B, O., until
noon, MAV 1st., 188!),  Tenders to bo for
the whole and nlso for the labor only.
Plans and specifications to be heen at
the residence of F, McCieery, Esq., North
Sec. Uulldlng Committee.
Care F, MoOleery, Esq.,
dwap22td North Ann, Ii. O.
I fi. SfMUMil & CO.
nrALEBS nr
Anil must bo sold within the next 60
days to mnko room for other
now goods.
•3-REMEMBER tho "Rook Island"
«S"Bufor(l Sulky Plows are without
«»-an equal. From 12 to 18 inch
*3Tnow in stock.
Beaver City Rake
Sharp "
maxwell        "
Masscy tSindcrs.     Toronto Mowers.
Maxwell     " Buckeye      "
Becring     " Maxwell      "
Little Giant Threshers anil Tread Power.
Toronto Advance Engines and Threshers.
Derrick's Perpetual Bay Press.
flay Tedders and Loaders.
Duplex Feed Mills.
*$§TBe sure and get our prices before purchasing elsewhere.
Webster Block, Front Streot, WESTMINSTER.
liiS^iS^)1i^M^^^^' wmh6
Of Columbia Street
bntfil bLiCflnlnu
much to the health and comfort of every home. Therefore,
everybody ought to know that Jas. ROUSSEAU'S is decidedly the
cheapest place in New Westminster where the people of this District can purchase the best Boots and Shoes at the cheapest
I will allow io per cent, discount on all cash purchases to
the general public for the next sixty days, to make room for a
LARGE SPRING STOCK now en route.
REMEMBER,—if you want genuine good Boots and Shoes
tlie proper place to purchase them is at
Jas. Rousseau's,
SI Ool-ia.Ha.lsia Street.
Custom Work promptly attended to. dwtc
Pell, Rice Coil-spring tMclaugWan
Democrat and Express Wagons!
igf The Beat and Cheapest Rigs ever offered for sale in
British Columbia.11^
dwnnD.0    n.e>idL dfe Ourrie. Weekly Britisli Columbian.
Weiliirailny Horning, April -it, 1889.
Press ftcsnutclicK.
Lonbon, April 20. - - A petard,
thrown by aomo unknown person, exploded behind tho altar of the Cathedral nt Valentia, during the ser.'icca on
Thursday. A panic ensued, but no
Uvea woro lost. Tho cathedral was
greatly damaged,
London, April 19 —As an earnest
estimate of tho royal esteem in which
the late Earl of Beaconslioltl is held,
the Queen to-day sent a wreath of
primroses to he placed over his grave
at Hughenden, accompanied by an
autograph letter and a parchment in
scripiion showing that the offering was
a mark <>f grateful remembrance of his
eminent services to the country. Tho
literal inscription of the card which
lent ospecial importance to the offering wits: "A mark of the grateful remembrance of Victoria."
Bbussels, April 20. — Boulanger
has decided to start for London next
week. Boulanger's decision is due to
tho warning by the government of
Belgium of expulsion.
London, April 20.—The Clyde sugar
market is strong, with sugar two shillings highor than last Saturday, having
risen 3d to-day. Medium grades sell
best and operators say that the rise
will go higher yet. Tlio rise is due to
the fear that the crop will be small.
New Yoiik, April 20.—A careful
estimate of the losses by last night's
fire shows tho New York Central Hudson Itiver Ry.. on elevators, buildings',
store houses and piers etc., §1,400,000;
goods stored with Rossiter and Skid-
more §1,372,500; Wilcox &■ Co., loss
on Block and machinery $228,000;
small out buildings S12.000; total $3,-
012, 500. The companies will robuild
as soon as possible.
San Fhancisco, April 20.—The str.
Umatilla from Honolulu this morning
bringing tho U. S. ship-wrecked seamen and marines who wero left there
by the s'oiiinor Alanda on her last voyage up fiom Samoa.- Tho str. brings
the following advices:—Memorial set-
vices in houor of tho victims of tho
Samoan disaster, were held in Honolulu on April Ilth. Several members
of the Royal family and all tho court,
government and foreign officials attended.
Tho American bark Newsboy arrived
at Honolulu on Apiil 8th from New
Castle N. S. W., having in irons F.
W. Rugg, one of her mates, who during a quarrel at sea shot and killed a
seaman named Andrew Paulson. Ruga
was su rrended to the U. S. Consul
General at Honolulu.
Seventy tins of opium, concealed
among tho cargo of salt of tho Burkou-
tine Planter, were seizod on the arrival
of that vessel from San Francisco on
the 8th inst'
Tulare, Oal, April 20.—Daniel
Anson, a brakeman on a passenger
train, was shot and probably fatally
wounded by a tramp at Madera, this
moruing., The tramp, who was trying
to atoal a ride, became enraged at Anson
for tolling him he could not ride, and
without a moments warning, pulled a
revolver and shot Anson, the ball going through his neck down into the
lungs.   The tramp escaped.
San Franoisoo, April 20.—The U.
S. revenue cutter Thotis sailed to-day
for tho north. She first goes to Seattle to coal; from there she goes to Sitka, and will then cruiae about, lending what aid ahe can to shipwrecked
whalers, and preventing illegal fishing
in Behring sea.
Sacramento, April 20.—Ten guns,
forming a portion of the armament of
the cruiser Charleston, arrived here
U»Bt night. The heaviest guns aro expected shortly.
Washington, April 20.—A portion
of the long expected official report
from Admiral Kimberly, of the terrible naval disaster at Apia, Samoa,
waB received al the navy department
thiB morning. The remainder is expeoted in tonights mail,
San Francisco, April 20.—The
second trial of Georgo Lewis, the
gambler, who shot and killed John
Perrin, another gambler, in a dispute
over a small amount of money, resulted in his acquittal last night.
PouoHKEErsiB, N. Y.( April 20.—
Lucilus H. Mosley, the inventor, is
dead, aged 80 years. Ho invented the
celebrated silk speeder and spinner.
The firBt two pieces of silk cloth woven
in America were woven at hiB liouse.
Ho built the first dye wood cutting
mill erected in the country,
Mew York, April 20,—Fivo fire on-
gines and several fire boats nre still
working this morning on tho ruins of
last night's fire, There are about 2,-
000 barrels oil stored in the Wilcox
refinery oellar, which aro burning fiercely, The shedded piers and elevators
are a molten mass, on which streams
of water are constantly pouring. No
effort has been made to extinguish
the burning oil as it would be a fruitless task, and fireman aro simply taking
every precaution to prevent its spreading. Large crowds aro gathered all
about the fire and are kept In order
by extra details of police from nearly
every city precinot. The union stook
yards abottoir, which was ablaze
early this morning, has been saved and
is only damaged on the exterior walls.
All the injured men are doing well,
and latest reports are that all the workmen in the refinery where the fire
broke out are accounted for.
New York, April 20.—A despatch
received this morning at the Maritime
Exchange, from London, states that
one ot the Denmark's life boats had
been passed at sea, and from all appearances it is supposed the occupants
had boen rescued.
Montreal, April 22.—Donald Morrison, the Highland outlaw who about
twelve monthi ago ihot a constablo
while endeavoring to serve him with a
writ of ejectment, near Lake Megantic
was captured last night. For twolvo
months he has practically defied tho
authorities of tho whole province.
Four weeks ago a largo detachment of
the city polico force was sent out to
effect ilia capture. Ho succeeded in
eluding thom. Tho authorities commenced the whosale arrest of ovory
person who was supposed to give him
Bhelter; some thirty fivo families were
arreBted, resulting in starving Morrison out and forcing his surrender.
Washinoton, D. 0., April 22.—It is
Baid to ho not improbablo that Ciuia
dian freight oars coming into the
United Slates railroads will now have
to pay the regular rate of duty at
port3 of entry. The treasury department it is reported, has had the matter under consideration for somo time,
ill fact over sinco the fisheries trouble,
but at that time it wns considered aa a
possible retaliatory measure whilo now
if adopted it would simply he ill accordance with the protection tariff
ideas of thu administration, and to
protect United Statos car builders.
In preparation for this move on tho
part of tho treasury department an account has been kept at some points of
entry, notably at Detroit, of dutiable
freight cars belonging to Canadian
roads: it is estimated that nu average
of three hundred such cars come in
daily at Detroit, Port Huron ami at
Niagara Falls, and that fully 3,000
dutiable Canadian ears are iu constant
uso on the roads in the United States,
not one of them having paid a cent of
duty, and there are three classifications
under which these cars may come and
there does not appear to be any precedents to show which it will be en.
The manufacturer of wood would pay
35 per cent, ad valorem, manufacturers
of iron 45 per cent, and on carriages
35 per cent.
Philadelphia, April, 22 —The ss.
Missouri of the Atlantic Transportation
Line, whioh, rescued the passengers of
the Denmark, left tho breakwater at
7.30 thia morning, and ia expeoted to
arrivo at her pier between 2 and 3
o'clock this afternoon. All on board
aro reported well. The value of cargo
jetiaoned to mako room for the rescued
passengers is a hundred and forty
thousand dollars. Sho had a miscellaneous cargo and the less will fall on
the insuranee companies.
Pattonville, Mo., April 22.—The
expresB office in the Wabash Western
Railroad depot was entered by a lone
masked armed men last niglit. Tho
agent was covered with a revolvor and
bound and gagged. The robber then
took six thousand dollars and disappeared.
Arkansas City, April 22.—Two of
the "Boomers" attempted to ford the
river near here yesterday and woro
drowned, together with their teams
i'.iwneo Bill, the Indian chief, is re
portod to have been killed by a deputy
Marshall while trying to get whiskey
into tho territory.
Fort Reso, Dak., April 22.—This
morning the militiay officers on the
southern border of Oklahoma gavo instructions to the soldiers to form close
lo tho Oklahoma line. At noon pre-
eisely lhe signal was givon, and with a
mighty cheer, the Oklahoma army
rushed forwards into the promised
laud. On the eastern, northern and
western borders the same scenes werb
enacted. Horses wore goaded to tho
utmost speed in the grand rush, and
thousands upon thousands crosaed the
Oklahoma line in one minute.
San Francisco, April 22.—Henry
Heliconian, who defeated Charles
Long in a rowing match for §2,000, at
Stockton, yesterday, says he is willing
to row a race with Wm. Payne of Victoria, B. 0., for §500 a Bide ovor a
three mile course, the race to take
place either at Stockton or San Francisco.
Purcell, Indian Territory, April 22.
—The grand rush was made at noon
to-day across the Okluliama line.
When the clocks struck, guns were
fired and whistlca blown, and immediately the trains started across the
bridge and horsemen embarked for the
opposite shore.
San Francisco, April 22.—Thomas
Cavanaugh and Theodore Fowler, serving sentences at San Quentin state
prison for burglary, escaped during the
night. No trace of them has been discovered to-day.
Boston, April 22.—Stanton Blake,
one of the best known citizens of Boston, died early thia morning after a
short illness. Born 1834; son of the
lato George B, Blake, who for many
years was head of tho firm of Blake
Bros. &, Co., Bankers. Blake retired
from active busiiihss in 1870. He wob
connected wilh a great ninny charitable
London, April 22.—First officer Ra-
ben and 42 of the crew of the steamer
Denmark arrived at Lisbon, yestorday,
from tho Azores, whero thoy were
landed by the stoamer Missouri. Ra-
ben reports that during the severe
storm that prevailed on the 4th the
Denmark broke her shaft. As she
roso on the crest of a wave and began
to descend, the propeller was for a moment clear of the water while revolving very rapidly, At this timo tbe
shaft in the tunnel broko noar tho aft
ond of the section whioh connected with
tho engines andtoro a hole in the bottom of the vessel. At this moment the
engine pipe burst, killing engineer
Kaas, and immediately loosening the
iron plates at the side of the vessel
and causing another leak. Tho machinery was completely disabled and no
attempt was made to mend the shaft
as it would have been useless. At the
time of the disaster the Denmark was
800 miles from the Newfoundland
banks. She at onco fell into tho
trough of the sea and was helpless, as
long waves were constantly breaking
over her. Fortunately the after part
of the vessel was closed and kept tho
water baok. Measures wore at onco
taken to get sails on Ihe vessel. She
was put before tho wind and everything was dune tliat skillful seamanship could suggest to sccuro the safety
of the vessel and passengers. Oapt.
Knudson kept her aB well as the gale
permitted in tho path  of  tho  ocean
steamers und tho steam pump was kept
at work freeing the forward   compartments of the water   that   had  leaked
tluough from tho aft.   Nothing could
ho done to clear   the   after   compart-
menta as tho   water   had   free   access
through tho immense re u t in tlio stern.
All the rest of the day  the  sea  was
eagerly scanned fur assistance, but not
one vessel was sighted.   On tho   fifth
tiie glad hall was heard from the tops
that a sail w aa in sight.  Signals of distress wero hoisted  and  the  stoamor,
which proved to bo tho Missouri, from
London, for Philadelphia, boro  down
on tho Denmark.    Capt. Knudson signalled tho Missouri iiBlted his  passengers to bo takon aboard, intending  to
attempt to procoed under sail, but the
Missouri signalled back that it  would
bo impossible.   Tho Missouri  offered
to givo tho  Denmark a  tow.   This
oiler was accepted,   and  after  much
difficulty a line was  taken  from  tho
disabled stoamer tu the  Missouri, and
tho heaviest chain cable brought  into
use.   The progress wns very slow. As
soon aa the course was changed  from
before the wind, the Denmark began
to strum and tho water forced its way
much faster than the pumps could free
the vessel.   On the sixth the case was
seen to bo hopeless bo much water was
in Ihe hold that she lost her .buoyancy
and overy time sho  weut  down  into
the trough uf the sea, the  passengers
thought it would bo the  last  plunge.
Tlio Missouri stopped and Cnpt. Knudson went aboard.   After a short  conference,   Capt.   Morrell  of Miasouri
agreed to jetison a portion of the cargo
and thus allow room between decks for
the 72 souls on beard  the  Denmark.
The work of jetisoning the cargo  and
transferring passengers  began  simultaneously.   Beforo night  all on  the
Denmark were got on board the  Missouri, and thon the order was given to
let go the cable.   The passengors wero
each allowed to tako a reasonable kit
of olothing and  personal  effects, but
thoso  wero   necessarily  limited  and
many lost heavily.   Tho nearest  land
wan the Azures, and tho prow of  tho
Missouri waa turned in that direction,
Nothing of intorest occurred to mark
this part uf the journey, the galo having  subsided    On   nrriving   at  the
Azores the Missouri lauded  320  passengers, Cnpt. Knudseu, the first  and
second officers, threo engineers and 42
sailor*.    With 40 passengers and  the
rest of tho   crow, tho  Missouri, nfter
provisioning, sailed for Philadelphia.
London, April 22.—About two million women have voted at the English
elections    thia    month,   voting  for
church wardens, vestry  mou,  parish
clerks, sextons, membeis of local government boards and poor law guardians.
Many women have been elected guardians und sumo to othor cilices.
London, April 22.—The news of the
safety of the Denmark's people was recoived with great joy in Denmark and
Sweden. It waa an immense relief to
everybody.' Although not a single
Englishmen was on board the Denmark, the anxiety here was intense,
aud it was particularly so among trans-
Atlantic travellers.
London, April 22.—It is stated that
Lord Brownlow will succeed the
Marquis of Londonderry aB Lord Lieut
of Ireland, Lady Brownlow is an aunt
of Lady Londonderry.
London, April 22.—lt is asserted
that tho recent viait of Count Herbert
Bismarck to England, which although
ostensibly in pursuit of a political
mission, was merely for the purpose
of fructifying his hopes of marrying a
relative of tho Marquis of Londonderry, resulted in hia complete failure,
and the engagement is off.
San Francisco, April 22.—John
Harrington, a deputy in the assessor's
office, waa shot and instantly killed at
1 50 o'clock this afternoon, in a saloon,
by Calvin T. Lewis, a young wood
sawyer. Tho quarrel was over the
drinks, and Lewis claims he acted in
self defence.
Washington, April 22.—Senator
Dawes haa arranged a trip to be taken
by lhe sonafo committee on Indian
affairs this summer, in pursuing the investigation into tho condition of the
Indians in the Northwest. The committee will leave Ohicago on July 1st
and proceed to Portland, thence to
Tacoma and to Sitka, Alaska.
San Francisco, April 22.—Heo Ah
Suo, a wealthy Ohinaman, was shot
and mortally wounded last night by
Hoo Ah Soy. Tho lattor had wanted
$30 with which to return io China and
had been refused. Soy was arrestod.
Boston, April 22.—The dwelling of
Patrick Joyce, built on a marsh on
the outskirts of south Boston, collapsed this morning, took firo and burned
I Mrs. Joyce und three children were iu
tho houso when it fell, and all are
more or less injured. Katie, aged 10,
is vory badly hurt and was taken to
the hospital; Maggie, aged 13, is injured internally and about tho body;
Joseph, aged 9, was hurt about tho
head, and Mrs. Joyco has injuries in
the region of the nips. Tho inmates
of tho house wero roscued beforo the
fire reached them.
Montreal, April23—In the house of
commons laat night, Col. Prior, British
Oolumbia, in response to urgent inquiries and letters from there, interrogated the government regarding British Columbia defenses, asking if any
definite arrangements had been concluded between the Imperial and Oanadian authorities. Ool. Prior called
attention to the proposed establish
ment of a navy yard at Seattle, and
said B. C, was vitally interested. The
minister of militia and defense replied
that the negotiations whieh had been
going on between England and Oanada
since 1885 were still in progress, and
wero striotly of a confidential nature,
and it was utterly impossible to enlighten tho Pacific coast people on the
subjoct. Nothing whatever will be
mado pnblio regarding tho proposed
defences of B. C., as it is not considered good policy to do so,
San Fhancisco, April 23.—Louis L.
Bigazo, a sewing machine agont, CO
years of ago, suicided by shooting himself through the head last night. Old
I age and despondency was the cause.
San Francisco, April 23.»— Lord
Lonsdalo, who recently journeyed
overland on sleds from Winnipeg to
tho Arctic ocean, arrivod here fiom
Kodiak, Alaska, this morning on the
str.   Bertha.
New York, April 23.—Sir Julian
Paunceforte, tho new British minister
to tho U. S., left for Washington this
SanF HANOisco, April 23—J N. Swift,
tho newly appointed minister to Japan
sailed for his post to-day on tho str.
Omaha, April 23.—C. J. Smith,
land commissioner of'the Oregon R.R,
& Navigation Co., has been appointed
general manager of the company, with
headquarters at Portland.
Chicaoo, April 23.—Ex-Governor
Swineford, of Alaska, arrived hore
from tho east last night. Tho ox-gov.
Bays he will roturn to Alaska to live,
as ho has large interests iu the mines
and canning companies near Sitka.
New York, April.—23.—Jay Gould
wns to-day elected president of the
Texas Paciiic Railway, vico John C.
Brown resigned.
NewYouk, April 23.—Sixty  odd
oast bound passengers of tho  ill-fated
steamer Denmark reached  New York
from Philadelphia thiB  morning  and
were taken caro of by the agents of the
Thingvalla S. S. Co.   All are of  tho
better class of immigrants.   They are
without exception, well dressed und of
cleanly appearance.   Olnf   Wioueland
ond wife, who aro bound  for Worcester, Muss., wits ouo of tho  few  English speaking peoplo in the party.   He
ia a tlorist and has  been  in America
before.   In conversation with a united
press reporter he  made  a  statement
which has not appeared   in   print  in
connection  with  the  casually.    He
was told his remarks were   important
and detrimental to the S. S. Co., but
he adhered to the statement.    He said
that before tho accident occurred, the
dnte ho could not recall, but  thought
it was on the 1st or Snd of April, one
of tho Norwegian immigrants told him
ho had overheard   a   conversation in
the  officers'  quarters.   Ono   of  the
Bhip'a officers said to the others in tho
apartment that ho thought  the vessel
would    never    reach    New    York.
Hev  machinery  was   in  bad  order
and hud not received the cure it should
havo before the stoamer sailed.   Her
pumps wore broken, and iu caso of accident would be found useless in throwing  out the  sea.   "I'm  afraid,   the
Denmark," tho oflicer is  reported   to
have said, "will meet tho fate of the
Geiser."   Tho Geiser was n vessel of
the same line, sunk off Nova Scotia by
a collision with the Thingvalla about a
year ago.   Wiegoland further said that
the vessel's coal boxes wero on fire on
two occasions  beforo  her  machinery
gave   way.    The  first  fire  occurred
about   ten   o'clock   on   the    niglit
of    tho    29th    of     March;     the
second about half past  three on the
aftornoon of the following day.   The
passengers heard  of  both   fires, and
showed more uneasiness over this comparatively slight accident  than  when
the vessel became totally disabled. He
was loud in his praise of the  conduet
of Capt. Murrel and the  officers  and
orow  of  the  Missouri.   Throughout
the terrible experience, Wiegoland said
the commander of the rescuing steamer acted with Spartan heroism.    "He
neglected his own comfort to  provide
for us unfortunate people."
London, April 23.—General Holled-
Smitli, Governor of Suakim, and staff,
with a detachment of Egyptians and
Soudanese troops from the garrison,
has started out to retake Halaif,
whero tho Black troops were recently
surprised by Osman Digna's forces.
The expedition embarked on the gunboat. Starling, and the landing
will he effected under protection of her
London, April 23.—lt ia understood
Gen. Boulanger leaves Brussels for
London today. Ho haa engaged
rooms at the Hotel Bristol for a long
Dublin, April 23.—A fund has been
has heen started in Belfast to secure a
fair trial in the caso of Rev. Father
McPhaden, charged with the murder
of Inspector Martin.
New York, April 23.—By ten
o'clock this morning tho mayor's order
to remove the telegraph poles from
Broadway had boon obeyed to the
letter. The last polo to fall was at the
corner of 25th street. Two big poles
on the corner of 42nd street and sixth
avenue, fully 100 feet high, were also
r>H^.I.BIi   X2T
LaTorad-or herring's,
"Miaclserel, Salt Cod.,
Arraour's TJnc. "Elaaaas,
iiiraotir's TXric. Bacon.
IFlo-ux. Brail. Sliorts,
noiiiwiy Scoullar-Armstrong Block, Columbia St.
Clearing Out Sale!
v v     our business, the whole of our available room being required for our increasing trade in GENERAL and FANCY DRAPERY, &c, and we now offer our
entiro stock of Gentlemen's Clothing and Hate and Caps for the next
21 days at a
/ST Our Stock is all new, well Selected and of first-class quality and style.
eaTTliis is a GENUINE SALE and the whole stock must be cleared.
dwselOtc Corner Columbia & Mary Streets.
Real Estate,
Insurance and Financial
Wliolesale city Market,
Beef,     per 100 lbs J'SO® S j»
Pork           "            7 50 (HI 8 5(1
Mul Ion       "            8-00S 0 00
Potatoes     "            88  .25
Calihane      "            60 (j*  100
oi'i.™    ••        1MSS8
Wheat       "           lg?l ?"S
oat*         "          i "5 a 1B0
s'"°         ..         i 50 & 2 00
Hay,       J'er'on     w 82 &'5 5?
Butter (rolls) perib  0 28 0 0 i>
Cheese,         ,  "    2M| °!f
Edits,       OBriloz  0 20 8     It,
Conlwooil (retail) per curd  8 00® 4 00
Apples, per box..™.  SO© ' «
Ul'es'gr'iUperlOOlbs  4 MS 0 00
"•    idrvl       "         ono® 1)00
Wool/porib  69    1°
VANCOUVER, coranbebrotct01?0^tasnd
LONDON, ENG. .07 cannon st.
Farming Lands ^Town Lots
Sheriff's   Notice.
ll all Coroners, Keepers of Oaols and
ouses of Correction tn my Batllwlok who
may huvo business thereat, aro requested
to attend tho sittings of tbo Court of As*
size to be holden at the Court Houso ln
the City ot New Westminster ou
Wednesday the 1st Day of
May Next,
At 11130 o'clock a. m.; that the roll of
Grand and Fotit Jurors who have beon
summoned foi- tho Assize will bo called
over at 11:80 o'clock a. m. on tho date
above given; and all persons will he oxpeeted to answer to their namos. Petit
Jurors foiling to answer will bo llnblo to
loso their day's pay and subject themselves to a fine.
Now WOBtmhiBtor, 17th April, 1889.
Business Property.
Lot facing on Columbia and Front Sts.,
in contral portion of the city; several
buildings bring good rent—$22,000.00.
Lot 4, Block 7, near Lytton Square,
60x132 foot, fronting on Columbia and
Front Sts.—$0,000.00.
Corner Lot on Columbia St., 33x00 feet—
AIbo—Lot and Building with stock of
Goods, ono of the best business stands
in the oity.
Improved Residential Property
Lot 15, Block 13; two houses rented at
paying figures—$4,500.00.
House and Lot on Lome St,, near Col-
Lots 4, 5 & 6, Block 19; good house,
garden, kc; oholoe residence property
Corner Lot on Columbia St,; fenced and
House and Lot on Columbia St,; one of
the finest residences in the city—$7,
House and Lot on Royal Avenue, near
Douglas St.-$2,000.00.
House and 3 Lots, corner Royal Avonue
and St. Patrick's St.; no bettor residence site in the city—$10,000,00.
1 acre, with 7 houses, near the Park—
Vacant Residential Property.
Lot 1, Block 28; corner lot on Agnes St.;
fine residence site—$1200.00.
Lots on St. Andrew's St., near Queen's
Avenue—$500.00 each.
Lots on Montreal, Douglas and Halifax Sts., near Clinton St.; fine views
and well situated—$350.00, $375.00,
Lot on Melbourne St., near Clinton—
Lot 9, Sub-Block 10; fine residence lots-'
Lots ou Pelham St., near Mary—$600.00
Lot on Pelham St., near St. Andrew's;
fine site—$500.00.
Lot on St. John's St., near Melbourne—
Lot In St. Andrew's Square-.$300,00.
Lots in Block fronting on North Am
road; finest chanco in the market fol
residence er speculation—$125.00 tc
Lots in Subdivision of Lot 11, sub-Bloc)
12--SC0.0O to $125.00.
Lots in Subdivision of Lot 17, sub-Block
13—$160.00 each.
Lots in Westminster Addition at $15.00
to $50.00,
iwaujlte Weekly British Columbian
Wcilncsilny -lliirnlng, April II, 1889.
Lute Despatches.
London, April 15.—The presentation of the Budget by Mr. Goschen,
the Chancellor of the Exchequer, was
tho distinguishing feature of the proceedings of the House  of  Commons
this evening.    Contrary to expectation,
the Budget doos not in tho leaat affect
any articio of trade with America, and
is singularly free from   startling   innovations. The only new points worthy
of especial mention arc the increase of
the death duties or tho   taxation   of
legacies and a considerable increase of
the present taxation mi malt.    Both
of these are liberal measures and tho
first mentioned may be said to bo almost socialistic since the contention of
the socialists is that the right of a post
mortem division uf property does not
exist and that, therefore, all property
not devised beforo death should revert
to the state.    The taxation of legacies
already plays an important part in the
British revenue and the proposed increase will without doubt receiye the
full support of the Radical members as
a step m  the  right  direction.   Mr.
Goschen was interrupted by vociferous
cheering from the Opposition benches
when he mentioned the fact that the
■ale of coffee had largely declined owing
to the persistent  advertising of their
wares in which the dealers in coooa
had lately indulgod und which had resulted iu the establishment of a tremendous trade   in   that   commodity.
Mr. Goschen occupied 2 hours and 42
minutes iu the delivery of his speech.
Mr. Goschen, in hia speech, said that
the revenue would   exceed   tho  estimates of the budget by  £1,045,000,
while the expenditures were £941,000
below the estimate, leaving a surplus
of  £2,580,000.     The   revenue from
malt and spirituous liqujrs and tobacco
had decreased.    That from tea showed
a small increase, and the income  tux
had realized £1,210,000 over tho estimates.   The Postal   service   revenue
was £30,000 more und that from stamps
£490,000 greater    than   anticipated.
The  revenue   for   the  currout  year
would  probably bo £85,000,000 and
the  expenditure  about £87,000,000.
The deficit would be met by taking
£1,000,000 of the Bum saved last yoar
and putting au additional tax upon the
death duties on estates of the value of
£10,000 and upwards and adding one-
fourteenth of a penny to the taxation
on each gallon of boer manufactured.
Ottawa, April 16.—The indications
now are that the house will not bo
prorogued until the first week in May.
come time uso the adjournment was
expected at Easter, but littlo progress
has been made lately. The banking
and commerce committees to-day reported Mr. Clarke Wallace's combines
bill with a Blight amendment. Tho-
report of the labor commission is issued. It is very complete, The investigations of the relations between
labor and capital have been of a most
elaborate nature. Wages in Canada
ars shown to be generally higher than
at any pi evious time, while the hours
of lab-.' have been somewhat reduced.
The necessaries of life are also lower.
Rents, however, have advanced,
especially in the cities. The testimony
does not sustain the belief that serious
immorality exists in Canadian factories
in which operatives of both sexes are
employed, Little evidence was found
of cooperation in industry or trade,
and none at all of the participation by
working men or in the evidence that
sailing vessels navigating inland waters
frequently undertake voyages under
circumstances which imperil tho lives
of the crews. The darkest pages in
the testimony are these recording tho
beating and imprisonment of children
employed in factories. Tho commission hope thut the barbarous pructices
mny be removed and such treatment
made a penal offence. Tho system of
fining employees is found to prevail
very largely. They recommend the
■election of a holiday to be known as
"Labor Day." As regards immigration, they do not fuvor pecuniary assistance being extended, but recommend a strict medical examination at
the ports of landing and that persona
likely to become objects of charity or
those which havo incurable diseases
should bu forbidden to land, and that
tho importations of foroign labor under contract bo forbidden. Alao that
the contract labor bo simply utilised
for government purposes. Tho establishment of a labor bureau is also recommended. Tho system of fining
employees is condemned. Boards of
arbitration to settle strikes are suggested. The report also has a plea
for the nine hours' system. In conclusion it says that the interests of
working people will be promoted if all
matters relating to them be placed under the administration of tho ministers
of tho orown, so that a labor bureau
may be established, statistics collected,
information disseminated, etc.
London, April 17.—Nothing has
boen read hore with more interest than
the reporta on the Samoan disaster.
The Telegraph says:—The cheer of the
Trenton's orew to the Calliope hai been
heard in England. Consider the scene,
■ays the Telegraph, and the matchless
heroism and generosity of this Yankee
orew almost sure of instant death them-
•elves. They could see the Queen's
•hip fighting the hurricane and appreciated the gallantry of the effort with
the generous pleasure of true mariners.
We do not know in all naval records
any sound whioh makes sweeter musio
opon the ear than the cheers of the
Trenton's mon. It wss distressed
manhood greeting triumphant manhood. The doomed saluting the saved.
lt was pluckier and more humane than
any ery raised upon the deck of a victorious lino of battle ship, It never
can be forgotten, never must be forgotten by Englishmen speaking of Americans.   That dauntless cheer to the
Tho bill to amend the customs act
passed to-day without opposition.
Mr. Bowoll haa granted the request
ot the mercantile community, as lie
moved in committeo to strike out tho
clauses whieh provided for adding the
oust in land transportation to the
dutiable value of imported goods, and
also to provido thut when tho parts of
any manufactured article are imported
the duty shall bo at the same rates as the
duty on the completed articles.
One thousand Orangemen met at
Bell Corners near hero to-day and censured the government and Mr. Dickinson, M. P., respecting thoir attitude
on the Jesuit question. Strong resolutions were adopted.
The House op Commons caunot
pass a law that will prevent people having coughs, cold, asthma, bronchitis and
lung troubles, but Hagyard's Pectoral
Balsam does away with tho difficulty by
promptly curing all affections of the
throat and lungs. It is the pleasantest
and safest cougli remedy lu die.
Shorthorn and very High Grade Bull
Jalves for Sale, at prices from 835 to
Gonzales Sloes Farm,
mhlTwto Viotoria, B. O.
or Hew Westminster.
Court has been postponed (or ons
weok on account of the Assises, and will
be held on May Ibe Sib, Instead of May
All porsons Interested will take notice
and govern themselves accordingly.
W. H. FALDING,     .
Registrar ot Court,
New West., April UJW.        dwapl2td
Calliope was the expression of an immortal courage." These aro extracts
from a long editorial all in a similar
Various are the  opinions  on tho
Birmingham  "decisive repulse," says
the London organ in chief, "but it will
not discourage the liberals;" "bad as
bad cuuld be" says the candid Evening
Oracle.   "Split the liberal party exactly in two."    "The election is worthless as a test of the progress of dissentient liberalism" Bays Mr.   O'Connor.
A similar voice comes from Dublin,
declaring    tliat    this   not    a   coer-
oionist gain.    "Mr. Chamberlain has
had his way" says Yorkshire,  but at
what cost to hiB prestige.   Liverpool
thinks   no   encouragement  is   to   be
drawn   from   the   result; Manchester
admits that it is unquestionably a disappointment.    All   theso  are   Home
Rulu deliverances.    As for tho Tories,
they aro naturally jubilant everywhere,
oxcopt in Birmingham itself.    There
they faced the music though not till
tho bund come near playing the funeral
march.   They faced it, but do not pretend to like it, and they certainly do
not mean  to  sit  down   permanently
under   Mr.    Chamberlain's dictation.
The Tory estimate of their own majority wns 2,000.   lt   exceeds   three,
and the Tory majority exceeds the entire   liberal   vote.     Official   Toryism
triumphs more loudly than ever, reflecting that tho victor might have been
Lord Randolph Churchill, whose success would have been more thun coldly
reoeivod on the treasury bench.
San  Francisco,   April  17.—Wm.
O'Connor,    champion    oarsman    of
America, received the following cablegram  from    Searle,   the   Australian
champion,   to-day:
Sydney, N.S.W., April 17.
To O'Connor, San Francisco—England; yeB; September; money Sportsman.   Answer.   (Signed) Suable.
O'Connor immediately despatched a
reply as follows;
Searle, Sydney, N.S.W., Terms
accepted.   (Signed) O'Connor.
To a postal press reporter, O'Connor
stated thut all this telegraphing meant
was that he had at last arranged a
match with Searle to take placo on the
Thames, England, in the latter part of
September. "I will leave San Francisco," lie said, "on Monday next, and.
go to Taconio, W. T., where I will
row for u purso on May 18th, and at
Victoria on May 24th. Toronto, my
home, will aee ino in tho first wook of
June, and then I will mako arrangements for tho raco, sailing for England on the 15th of June. Now that
the match has been made, all my other
engagements but tho Tacomn and Viotoria ones will bo cancelled." The
Haminl'etcrsun raco, which is to be
rowed on Alameda creek, has been
postponed from April 26th to May
Ottawa, April 17.—Mr. Holton
will ask on Monday if the arrangement
has been concluded between the Imperial authorities and tho Canadian
government respecting the defence of
the coast of British Oolumbia,
Mr. Chisholm, M. P., will be convalescent in a few duys.
Mr. Weldon's extradition treaty
bill, enlarging tho scope of extraditable offences and providing for an exchange of prisoners with countries
having no extradition treaty with
Oanada, is sure to become law this
session. The government has given
notice to transfer it to the government
ordors. Mr. Weldon is the authority
of tho bill, which is retroactive in
principle. He has received a number
of threatening letters, supposed to be
from American fugitives.
In the votes to railways to bo considered on Thursday, the aggregate of
$1,500,000 includes .$31,000 to the Alberta Southorn Railway.
Tho houso will adjourn on Good
Fridny but sit on Snturdny.
Sir John Macdonald, in roply to
Mr. Barron, said that tho government
will neither seel; to toBt the constitutionally of the Jesuit Eeatates' Act nor
make a grant, to enable othors   to   do
_-    ■ ...> v-v,ii> «-.  v, ,»,-;«r^,> ^y-;,v^ .^v^a;':-.w^-^ -:.v.-v.'-.;v-v-:•■"'•■•.v.'. -"v^- -v ■•
for Infants and Children.
' "CastorlaissoweUadapted'oohlHreiithat
[recommend lias superior to any proscription
kuowatome."      H.A. A»OHia,M.D.,
Ill So. Oxford St, Brooklyn, N.T.
Castor!* ceres Colic, Constlpatton,
Bom* Stomach, Diarrhoea, Eructation,
Kills Worms, gives sleep, and promote, dl.
fiout injurious medication.
Tim Cistaub Compa.it, 57 Murray Streot, N. T.
Lace Striped Lawns,
X. Jk. O E3    Jk. ZIT 3D)    ART
Jas. Ellard! Co
Practical Watchmaker,  Manufacturing
Jeweler & Optician.
A full line of Spectacles & Eye-Glasses in steel, rubber, silver and gold
frames.   The finest Pebbles made, {4 per pair; all sights suited.
Speoial attention given to FINE WATCH REPAIRS. Having learned thu
business thoroughly from some of the finest Horologcrs in England, and since thou
managed the watch-repairing departments of a few of the best firms on the continent of America, iB a sufficient guarantee of good workmanship, Formerly mana
ger for nearly 8 years of the well-known firm of Savage & Lymau, Montreal
Charges Moderate,
Montreal, Dec, 1887.—Mr. F. Crake.—Andw. Robertson, Esq., Chainnau ol
Montreal Harbor Commissioners, says: "I nover found a Watohmaker who did so
well for me as you did when in Montreal, and I am sorry you are not hore to-day.
Douglas & Deighton,
■Will IPS,
Colonial Block,
Columbia 8treet,      New Westminster, B. C.
Constantly on Hand an Extensive Stock of
Dry Goods, Groceries,  Boots A Shoes, Oats A Caps,
Crockery, Glassware, &c.
-nc-axa-a   sb   bots-   bvitb.
Great Variety of Household Articles.   Also,
11. Br-Farm Produce bought at market rates or sold on commission. jsa-Ordera
trom ths Interior promptly attended to.
Lot 42i, in tlie Municipality of
clay loam: about 70 acres cleared and
/"neetl with good fencing; good bearing
orchard, smr.il frame houso, largo barn
and stable; good wator, both well and
.-reek; facing on Frasei- river with good
steamboat landing. Prlc'o, 81,000, liberal
terms.        Apply to
Chilllwhack, B.C.
Family Groceries
Columbia street,       New Westminster.
liwhack, containing 94 acres, 50 ol',
which are In good stato of cultivation;/
i acres In orchard. Eighty tons of hay!
and grain were grown on the 60 acres-
IBst season. Comfortable house and frame!
barn and outbuildings. Fine mountain)
stream runs across farm. Price --4,500.1
This Is a splendid chance. Por further!
particulars upply, personally, or by lotter "
'"..^ „ , O. RYDER,
feb5-w-to Chilliwhack.
Dominion Lands.
1 Pre-emption or for rent of Mining or
Griuslng Land, or buying Farm, Mining
or auy [and from the Dominion Government,
Hut. pay In SCRIP and Bave a
large discount.
scrip enn be obtained in large or smnll
quantities from
0 K
*t—   D
.92 K
■S o
CO    H
bC    hi
tSZ oo.
Real  Estate,
Financial1 Agents
Purchase Sell and Lease Property,
Collect Rents,
Make Loans on Mortgages,
And transact all Business relating to
Real Estate.
London Assurance Corporation.
Connecticut Fire Insurance Co. of
london and Lancashire Life Assur-
ance Oo.
Canton Insurance Oflice, Ld. (Marine)
Columbia St., New West'r.
41 Government St., Victoria
Fruit Trees,
Ornamental Trees,
Small Fruits,
And GARDEN STOCK on hand lu groat
Everything first-class and furnished iu
good shape.
S*. Send 15 cts. for valuable SO-pngelDo-
aoriptlve Catalogue with (1 beau IHU colored plates.  Price Lists senl free. I
.,    . ...        °- W- HENRY,
dwdeloto Port Hammond, B.O. '
Plants for Saleif
In Gisai Variety, Including,
GERANIUMS. Doublo and Single; PC-!
CHIAS, all new varieties; HOSES,
a fine collection of DAHLIAS (named
varieties). ANNUALS, 25 cts. per doz. '
Mixed BEDDING PLANTS, 01.50 per doz.
CUT FLOWERS for sale.
Orders left at M. Slnolalr's (Central Grocery), will receive prompt attention,
*waP3yl P. LATHAM.     |
Cor. Columbia ahd Churoh Sts.,
New Westminster, Brit. Col.
kuMts, Headstones, Tablets, Etc.,
In Marble or Granite of Best Quality,
Importers and Dealers lu
And every specie mt tli.»ns-> urlnlng from
disorder*! LIVI.,1,    KlUlldV3,   aT-JMAUr,
bow:l3 on blood,
T. MILBURN & GO., -^aS-m
N. B.—Just, received—tho finest assortment of grnlrli (irmille Monuments ever
seen In British Columbia, which will bo
sold at prleos putting competition outof
the question..
Beal Estate Brokers and
Financial Agents.
Confederation Life Association of
Royal and Lancashire Fire Insurance Companies.
sevValnable Lots for sale ln the City
ond District of Westminster; and choice
Lots In the City of Vancouver.
Persona wishing to buy or sell city or
rural properly should communloatewlth
Offices: Bunk of B.C. building, opposite
ppBtofflce, Westminster, and Hastings St,,
Vancouver. dwapleie
Mary Street, New Westminster, B.C.
London and Lancashire Flr* and
Brltlah Umpire Life Ininranes
New Westminster Bulldine Society.
Accountant's Offlce, Diocese af N.W.
City Auditors, iRse, iisr and isas.
and other monetary transactions.
Have soveral good Investments on their
books, and all new comers will do well to
oall before doing businoss elsewhere,


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