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The British Columbian, Weekly Edition Jan 2, 1889

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Array 'ADtCoMM;
■WEIQKIXiT EI^ITIOnST.-lO  :P.A.GKES-
VOLUME 34
NKW WESTMINSTER, B. 0., WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 2,  1889.
NUMBER 1
THE   DAILY   COLUMBIAN
PUBLISHED
Every Afternoon <im*vi Sunday,
EYTHB
KBIlTliTBIDTr      BBOTHBIIS,
At their Steam   Printing; Establishment, Oolumbla Btreet.
BY   M/JL:
Por 12 month. I" •*
For II monthi •'• J Jj
For 8 month. ° »
DBLIVBR1SD Df THB OITTI
For U month '. «{ *
For 6 month.. ••  » g
Per month      •"
Per week ■>••••      *-
Payment ln all ease, (exoept for weekly
rate) to be made ln advance.
THE WEEKLY COLUMBIAN
Issued every Wc.lufs.lrry Homing.
Delivered In the Cily, per yenr SJIW
Hulled, per year ,. j.™
Mailed, (I month. ,,, 1.26
maim** inn m-m mm.-
Iran.leut Advf.rllsMi.eiils.—Klrstinser-
tlon, 10 cts. per llne solid nonpareil; eaeh
subsequent consecutive Insertion, 8 cU. per
Hue, Advertisements not Inserted every
day—flrst insertion, 10 cts. per Hue; subsequent Insertions, 5 cts, per line.
Standing AdverHs.mett.s.-Profosslon.
al or Business Cards—$2 per month. Speoial rates for general trado advertising,
according to space occupied nnd duration
of contract. ,   L
Auetlun sales, when dlsplnyed,charged
26 per cent less than transient advts, IX
solid, oharged at regular transient- rates.
Sncrlrrl Nollce. among reading matter,
20 ots. per line eacb Insertion. Specials
Inserted by the monlli nt reduced rates.
Births, Marriages and Deaths, 81 for each
Insertion; Funeral Notices ln connection
with deaths, 50 ots. ench lusertion,
WEEKLV AOVEHTISIH" Mill.
Transient A.lvertlsements.-Flrst Insertion, loots, per line solid nonpareil; subsequent insertions, 7 cts. per line,
Standing Ailvertlsemenls.-Professlon-
al or Business Cards—11.60 per month.
Special rates for general trade advertising.
Special Notices, Births, Marriages and
Deaths, same rates as Dally.
Cala must be all metal,and forlnrgeouts
an extra rate will be charged.
lay-Persons sending ln advertisements
should be careful to stato whether they
are to appear ln the Dally Edition, or the
Weekly, or both. A liberal reduction Is
made whon Inserted ln both. No nrlver-
tlsement Inserted for less tlinu $1.
SUBSCRIBERS
Who do not receive their pnper regularly.
from the Carriers or through the Post
Office, will confera favor by reporting the
aamo to the office of publication at once.
Weekly British Columbian,
Wednesday Horning, Jan. s. 1889.
It is now over two months sinco
the B. 0. Provincial Exposition
Subscription Fund was started in
this paper—Oct/iber 9 was tho
exact date—and the total amount
subscribed so far has reached the
sum of $240, a nice little figure by
itself, but very far short of being
anywhere near adequate to the necessities of the case. Let the calculating reader just add $10 to the
above sum, and then multiply the
whole by 10, and the result will bo
the smallest amount that must be
kept in view to be realized. from
the exhibition fund. Unless such
a figure at least is obtained, in addition to the ordinary revenue that
will go toward the exhibition, a
very common show may be looked
for next fall—not much bottor than
usual in fact. There is all the more
ground for this observation when it
is remembered that new grounds
and buildings must be prepared at
this city, if anything liko justice to
the show is to be attempted. The
new counoil (whoever they are to
be 1) may be expected to take in
hand the matter of preparing the
grounds at the city park; but unless our citizens—the business men
particularly—take an interest and
put their money into tho undertaking, as is done in other cities, a
1 really successful exhibition — one
that would be a credit and a benefit
tothe eity—cannot be expeoted.
Readers will notice that subscriptions are payable six months from
date of last exhibition, which will
be the first week in April next.
This will leave only about six
months more for committees, die.,
to make tho best use of the money
so obtained—a short enough period
for the purpose. We trust our
business men and citizens generally
will not allow this matter to drop
through neglect or indifference, but
will take time by the forelock
(something that has not heretofore
been done, in the matter of provincial exhibition!) and come up handsomely at onoe,
Verily, science is laying the
world under tribute more and more
everyday. Common clay,'it is expected, is now to be made to yield
np that beautiful, unmentionably
useful, but hitherto extremly costly,
metal known as aluminium, ad infinitum. Aluminium, says an ox-
change, is one of the most common
of metals, every clay bank is an
aluminum mino, and it oan bo' obtained from dozons of materials, It
has beon, however, very difficult to
obtain.   It has always been ono of
Children Cry for
the dearest of metals, not because of
ity scarcity, but because of the costliness of the prooess by which ib
was separated from the compounds
in which alone it is found. Such a
thing as free aluminum does not
exist, as far as known, in the world
and itis only by what may be
termed most recondite obemical researches that it oan be found at all.
A few years ago an ingenious American invented an eleotrio process
by means of which he oould convert
water power into a heat so strong
that it was hoped he could melt
anything and so produoe aluminium
by a comparatively simple and inexpensive process. It seemed as
though the aluminium age was about
to descend upon the earth and, that
all it would be necessary to do to
provide yourself with a material as
strong as iron, as light as glass, as
cheap as brick, and as incorruptible
as silver, was to hitoh a water
power to a clay bank by a dynamo.
The process did not work as cheaply
as it might have done, but aluminium can now be produced at a price
that makes it possible to use it in
alloys. So far this charming metal
appears to resemble the fabled
philosopher's stone that it improves
mightily every other metal with
which it is united. If ten per cent
of aluminium be added to copper,
the resnlt is a golden yellow metal,
clearly resonant and as strong as
Bessemer steel, incorruptible by all
ordinary mordants. If iron be alloyed with this magic working
metal it becomes stronger, less liable
to rust, more ductilo nnd more
elastic The latest discovery that
has been made in the realms of
metallurgy in relation to aluminium
is that if it cannot bo set free it is
at least possible, at small cost and
by a simple method, to induce it to
free itself from its base alliance
with the other things that with it
make clay, and transfer itself to
iron, copper and other minerals. It
is in this, like the long imprisoned
genii of Arabic romance, nothing
better than a mighty bondsman;
but even in bondage there is littlo
that is not possible to it.
What weather we are having I
is an exclamation that is almost involuntarily breathed by everyono.
And how enchunting is our incom
parable landscape, under these
"Italian skies" and in the translucent autumn—for it cannot be
called winter, as it is more like
spring—airl The stranger from the
east, recollecting that this is December, must imagine himself in a
veritable fairyland, and all who are
so happy as lo have their homes
here must thankfully exclaim, with
the "sweet singer of Israel," "Truly
the lines have fallen unto us in
pleasant places; yea, we have a
goedly heritage," The slightest at
tempt at contrasting our situation,
climatically, with our brethren at
the east and in the interior of the
continent, can only increase our
solf-gratulutions. New Westminster,
situated as it is on a gentle slope on
the north bank of the Eraser, is as
a garden laid open to the sun, and
in the winter season gets the full
advantago of its southern exposure,
while in the summer we know no
such thing as excessive heat. Our
climate and situation are assets
that we have got so accustomed to
as to* undervalue them, but they
will yet tell mightily as faotors in
the upbuilding of the royal city
that is to be.
A curious photographic apparatus,
in which a camera is raised by a
rocket and lowered by a parachute,
is being developed by a French inventor, M. Amedee Denisse. In its
experimental form, the cylindrical
camera has twelve lenses round its
oircumference with a sensitive plate
in the center, and is provided with
a shutter which opens and instantly
closes as the apparatus commences
to fall. The descent is eased by the
opening of the attached paraohute,
which is drawn baok to the operator by a cord attached before the
firing of tho rocket. For securing
bird's-eye views, the photo-rocket
offers several important advantages
over balloon photography, suoh as
comparative cheapness in operating;
and freedom from risk in case of
use for military rcconnoitering.
Ahead of Aix.—I havo used Hag-
yard's Pectoral Balsam in my family for
yoars and havo found it ahead of any
propamtlon of tho kind In curing colds,
etc. I can especially recommend it for
oluklron. Ai.ex. MokI-att, Millbrook,
Ontario.
Pitcher's Castoria.
Pros. Despatches.
Odessa, Deo. 26.—Ex-Queen Natalie
of Servia has been received with royal
honors during her tour. Upon her arrival at the Russian frontier, the imperial chamberlain welcomed her on behalf
of the, czar and czarina. At various
towns at which ahe stopped, the burgomasters all expressed the hope that ahe
whold reasoend the throne. A gunboat
is held In readiness to convey her from
Galta in the event of a crisis in Servia.
General Ignatieff has gone to Galta
incognito to have an interview with Queen
Natalie. ;
St. Petersburg, Deo. 26.—Tlie
seoond official enquiry into the circumstances of the late alleged accident te.
the czar's train at Bu«ki whioh ba* "u»5
dosed, lias "resulted in ascribing the
disaster 10 crime and not to an accident. With a view of securing the
punishment of the perpetrators of the
deed it is the intention of the authorities to shortly arrest all the railway
employees who were discharged just
previous to the wrecking of  the train.
London, Deo. 26.—The military officials at Suakim are making efforts to
persuade the government to advance
into the desert ostensibly for the purpose of pursuing the Arabs so far into
the interior that they will not be likely
to return, but Lord Salisbury is manifestly determined to recall the British
troops and leave the Egyptians to work
out their own salvation. The sudden
collapse of what promised to be a protracted Soudan campaign has damped
the hopes of promotion for valorous
deeds on the Held of battle of a great
many nrmy officers, and there is much
growling in consequence. It is noteworthy that in military circles only
the opponents of a campaign extending to the recovery of Khartoum have
been the officers of so high rank as to
place them beyond the possibility of
promotion,
Paws, Doc. 20.—Admiral Vem in
the senate to-dny alluded to tho re-
gretable effects of the Newfounland
law which prohibited the sale of cod
bait to the French fishermen. He
complained that the British had erected factories for canning lobsters on the
French shore greatly to the prejudice
of the French fishermen and asked
that the government should put a stop
to this encroachment on French rights.
M. Goblet, the minister of foreign affairs, replied that the government
wanted to secure the respective rights
assured to Frence by the treaty of
Utrecht, The French fishermen did
not now require Newfoundland bait.
France only ocoupied one-fifth of the
French shore where the English industries had been established. These had
been tolerated as long as they did not
interfere with French rights. The
government would now, however,
cause their removal. They would at
onco open negotiations with England
with the object of suppressing the
English lobster factories complained
of. He assured the senate that the
government would neglect nothing
that was calculated to develop French
fisheries.
London, Dec, 27.—A dispatch from
Zanzibar says it is now discovered that
an agreement in relation to the slave
dealing, has recently been made between
the English East Africa company and
the sultan of Zanzibar, and the Arab
slave dealers of Mazaba, by which the
Arabs are authorized to carry on the
trade in slaves and to flog or otherwiso
Eunish them, After the agreement had
eon signed, two agonts of tho company,
accompanied by a number of Mazaba
Arabs, went to Rabat church mission
station and demanded the surrender of
certain runaways who had taken refuge
at the station. The missionaries refused
to give them up, and the company's
agents, in order to avoid trouble paid the
sum of fivo dollars for each slave they
were unable to return,
Zanzibar, Dec. 27.—The English consul has issued a proclamation warning all
British subjects In Zanzibar that they
will be liable to sovon years' imprisonment if thoy enter into contracts tor
slave labor. The British traders made a
united protest against tho order, claiming
that slave labor is tho only kind of labor
in Zanzibar, and that if this is eut off all
work must be stopped. In view of this
protest tho consul has suspended the enforcement of tho proclamation pending
the receipt of iustructions from Lord
Salisbury,
Paris, Dec. 27.—A meeting of the
National Republican Committee has
unanimously resolved to support Gen.
Boulanger for tho vacant seat in the
deputies for the Seine,
Port au Prince, Dee. 27.—The report reaches here that the insurgent
forces under General Bypolite are
preparing to attack the town of Hinche,
about 60 milea from this oity and 10
milea from the Santo Domingo frontier. If this report iB true it indicates
thatHypolite is encroaching rapidly
upon the southern territory. Hinohe
ia muoh farther south than die insurgents have heretofore ventured.
TitucKEE, Cal,, Deo. 27.—A heavy
anow storm is raging in the mountains
and iB particularly disastrous to the ice
crop. Men are engaged scraping the
ponds and trying to keep the snow
trom destroying the ice crop.
Washington-, Deo. 27.—It is stated
that the administration has determined
to tako a firmer stand in Samoa, and tliat
the work now being dono on tho Vandalia and Mohican nt Mare Island navy
yard is for tho purpose of sending them
at tho earliest possiblo moment to Apia.
It is nlso positively doclared that the
Dolphin, now 011 her way around the
world, lias ordors to stop at Apia, ami
that a cipher dispatch was sent to her
commanding officer at Acapulco on Monday last instructing him to proceed to
Samoa without delay. Should an emergency arise requiring more force, the
Trenton, now at Panama, could be dispatched to Samoa, where the Nipsic and
Adams are now stationed.
Wolcott, N.Y.,Dec. 27.—This morning James Green out bis wife's throat
with a butcher knifo and then attempted
to suioide. The woman will die but
Green may recover, The cause is un
known as the couple lived happily and
have a grown up daughter and two small
children.
Washington, Deo. 27.—Collector
Hager, of San Franoisco, has addressed
a letter here, in which he recommends
a reduotion in the tariff on opium. The
duty oh prepared opium, the collector
saya, should be reduced to 85 per
.pound, the tariff rate in British Columbia, aud in all probability it would
no longer be smuggled from that province. The duty on crude opium
should be uniform without regard to
the percentage of morphia,
Chicaoo, Deo. 27.—Wheat reacted
to-day and rose 1 cents. Dec. 99';
Jan. 09; May 105.
New YoRK.Dec. 27.—Wheat steady;
Jan. 99f; May 105'.
San Francisco, Dec. 27.—Wheat
firm, buyer season 149; buyer '89
152; seller '89 137'
Liverpool, Deo. 27.—Wheat quiet;
Cal. 7 s. 7d.
Nebraska Citv, Dec. 27.--The
farm houso of Assbury Bryan was destroyed by lire early this morning aud
John, one of the sons, 21 years of age,
was burned to death. The family escaped from the house in thoir night
clothes and John had returned to get
more clothes for them when he was
overcome by the heat and perished.
Chicago, Dec. 27.—Senator Jones,
of Nevada, whu passed through here
last night on the way to Washington,
said to a reporter, "Although the Pacific coast is hardly sanguine enough to
expect representation in the cabinet
we would be pleased to furnish a man
for the secretaryship of the interior.
We transact so much land business in
our country that it is only fair thot
this official should be selected from the
far west." Of the alleged atrocities
purported to have been committed by
the Alaska Commercial Co., he said;
" ThoBe stories have not a particle of
truth in them to far as the outrage
part is concerned. They are originated by jealous people who are sworn
enemies of the company and never
want to see their lease renewed in 1890.
Philadelphia, Dec. 27.—The owners of the Brigantine Josofa at thia
port have complained to the state department of the seizure of the vessel
by the authorities of Arecibo, Porto
Bico, who held her until a fine of four
thousand dollars was paid. Cornstarch
valued at twenty dollars was missing
when the manifest was inspected.
This caused the trouble. Secretary
Bayard is urged to order the ships
Galena and Yantio to continue their
cruise to Porto Bice and summarily
secure redress.
St. Louis, Deo. 27.—Tho wool-
growers of Kimble, Menard, Sutton
and Schliechey counties, Texas, yesterday adoptod resolutions urging congress to amend the present tariff so as
to prevent the importation of foreign
wool under the names of ring waste,
thread waste, yarn waste, etc., now
used to evade the tariff. In view of
the fact that all Texas delegates in
congress are opposed to the present
tariff system and favor free wool they
request Samuel J. Randall, of Pennsylvania, and Wm. McKinley, of Ohio,
to represent the Texas wool-growing
industry when a revision of the tariff
comes up in the house.
San Franoisco, Dec. 27.—Wm.
Landes, 17 years of age, employed in
a bookbindery, was strangled this
morning by being caught in the belt of
the machinery which he was endeavoring to adjust.
Lauar, Miss., Doo. 27.— Everything is quiet hore and the report of
the race troubles grow out of an apprehension on the part of tho whites
that a conflict between them and the
blacks might be precipitated by the
conduct of some negroes.
Adelaide, Doc. 27.— Tho American
base ball teams played to-day. Score:
AU Americans 19, Chicago 14.
Ottawa, Deo. 27.—The fishoriea department has been apprised of the roturn to Victoria of two British Oolumbia fishing sohooners whioh have been
on an exploring tour of the black cod
banks of Queen Charlotte Islands. The
owners of the vessels have been richly
rewarded for their enterprise as they
found fish in great abundance in from
150 to 175 fathoma, three mdes from
shore. The anchorages along the coast
are excellent
Ottawa, Deo. 27.—The Quebec
board of trade has requested the Dominion government to grant a subsidy
for tiie establishment of a line of swift
mail ateamera between Quebec and
Liverpool.
Fredericksburg, Va., Deo. 27.—
This town is in much excitement over
tho reported riot at Laokett's mills in
Stafford County, Va., between a number of whites and blacks. They gathered in tho country storo on Christmas afternoppn and the advices say
that a dispute arose betweon tho white
nnd colored men on questions concerning the lato election. A white
man named ilennett Haflin, and a
colored man during tlio discussion
came to blows.   This was  the  signal
for a general row during which Haflin
was shot and killed. The negro,
although badly mutilated, lived several minutes. Many others were
wounded inthe fight. Guns, sticks and
rocks were freely used. The Tackett
mills are 20 miles from here. Much
excitement prevails in the country
over the affair and more trouble is
likely to come. The officers of the
law have made efforts to restore order
and arrest tho guilty parties.
San Francisco, Dec. 27'—Theschr.
Letitia, which left Port Madison 33
days ago for this port, with' a cargo of
ashes for fertilizing and a deck- load df
lumber was toned into port to-day
from Drake's Bay, where she sought
refuge yesterday. Capt. Miller'repojjts
thai his vessel was in all the storms in
the early part of the month, during
which' part of her deck load waa
Washed overboard and some of
her aails were blown into ribbons.
The achooner aprang a leak, hut
fortunately her pumps were sufficiently
large to keep her hull clear of water,
thought it was only by lhe hardest of
work that Bhe waa prevented from becoming logged. Provisions and water
became scarce and all hands had to be
cut down to short rations. Yesterday
the captain put into Drake's Bay where
he obtained the necessary supplies and
telegraphed here for assistance. A
tug went up and brought the Letitia
down to-day.
London, Dec. 27.—No little indignation is expressed at the offices of the
English East African Company in this
city, regarding the report that, came
to-day from Zanzibar to the effect that
the company not only winked at slavery but actually contributed its assistance to tho Arab slave dealers to carry
on the infamous traffic. The company
hastens to deny the report which, if
believed to bc true, would let loose upon it an overwhelming torrent of British public opinion. The stout denials
that any such contracts as it is said exists, however, are considered by many
to be diaphanous and these doubting
do not hesitate to express their belief
that much crooked work has been done
in Africa by this organization for the
sake of rendering the channel, of trade
less difficult. The company nevertheless reiterates its denials und asserts
that a trafficking trader who haa not
been allowed to import slaves has fabricated the story to revenge himself.
Mr. MoKinnon, the secretary of the
company, is at present in Scotland and
his subordinates in London refuse to
talk of the matter, contenting themselves by merely denying the statement.
Dublin, Dec. 28.—The freemtm'i
Journal asserts that the London Timet
offered Sheridan, the witness who was
some time ago assaulted by infuriated
Irishman, ten thousand pounds if he
would testify in its favor before the
Parnell commission, and that he refused the bribe. This affair will be
brought before the commission next
month nud important revelations are
expected.
Zanzibar, Dec. 28.—Advices from
the mainland report that the German
missionaireB of tlrambo, Wapwa and
Mboia, who were supposed to have
been massacred, are safe within fortifications on the summit of a hill at Bor-
nea.
Suakim, Dec. 28.—Gen. Grenfell,
with a Welsh regiment of cavalry and
a detachment of Soudanese, made a
reconnaisance of the enemy's country
for fuur miles this morning. The general reports he only saw a few rebels
riding camels, who quickly retreated
nu his approach. Grenfell filled the
rebel wells and returned.
Paris, Deo. 28.—Prado, the murderer of Marie Aguetant, was gullo-
tined this morning in Roqnette prison
and mot his death unflinchingly. He
declined tho crucifix with the exclamation "God is against me."
Paris, Dec. 28.— The scenes in
Placo de Larouquette during night
among the crowd waiting for the execution cf Prado were revolting. Co-
cuites aud drunken men kept up the
revelry until daylight. The spectacle
had little to reward them for waiting.
The execution was conducted with unusual despatch. The prisoner was
visible loss than a minute and he was
hurried to the scaffold under the knife
which fell within fifty seconds after he
was brought in.
Rome, Dec. 28.—The bursting of a
shell to-day in one of the fortresses of
Messina exploded a powder magazine,
killing 16 soldiers and injuring many
others.
Paris, Deo, 28.—The erowd which
gathered lost night outside the prison
where Prado waa confined, remained all
night and did not disperse nntil after the
execution, It was very noisy and occupied the time in singing popular songs
from Cafe Ohantaut and low music halls.
The slumbers of the condemned man
were not disturbed, however, and he
arose about six o'clock. Prado refused
to disclose his true name and steadfastly
maintained hia innocence. He offered no
resistance tc the jailors who bound him
and led him to the guillotine, and, while
ho exhibited no foar, he seemed a little
less bold and the sight of the instrument
of doath appeared to fascinate him.
Paris, Doo. 28. — The Panama
canal shares closed five francs and 25
centimes higher.
Liverpool, Dec. 28.—Wheat firmer;
Cala. 7s. (I'd.
Nuw York, Deo. 28.—Sympathizers with tho ncrthorn foction in Hnyti,
who net for Hippolyto in this city, 110
longer seek to conceal the fact that
thoy avo shipping  arms  to  General
Legitime's enemies. The . steamer
Ozama, of the Olyde Line, -j being
loaded with rifles, gatling gins and
ammunition, and will sail foi Hayti
to-morrow.
Portland, Deo. 28.—Wbat pr.miaea
to be a very disastrous fire is dov, raging. The Old Bijou rink building, on
Federal st, burst into flames iv.ick
burst simultaneously from scores of
places. The alarm of firo waa at oree
aent out but there was a mistake at
the' signals and a long delay occurre",
before the engine arrived. By Um
time the firemen reached the spot
the rink waa doomed and their
attention was directed toward*
tho neighboring buildings; The
rink was opposite a row of valuable
buildings. The wind was high and tbe
flames leaped from the burning building to ita neighbors. People were .
driven from Lincoln Park Square, on
which the rink fronted, by the intense
heat and the rolling billows of fire. At
12:20 o'clock the lire had burned
through from Federal St. to Newbury
st. and the flames had taken possession
of the residence of Mr. Compton. Tho
house will be a total Iobs. It was insured for $3,000. All that is left of
the riuk is a few timbers. It waa used
for a military school and the loss of
the proprietors will be very heavy, the
insurance being light. The houie of
Josiah Burnham, adjoining the rink,
is now burning but may be partly Bav-
ed. The fire is supposed to be of incendiary origin. It is impossible, tt
present, to estimate the damage done.
Puyallup, W. T., Dec. 28.—An
accident occured here this morning by
which one man was killed and another
so badly hurtthathecannotlive. They
were engaged in clearing land and were
warming giant powder by the stove in
their cabin on the outskirts of the town.
The powder exploded with the above
results and the cabin was totally wrecked. The men were James Blagg,
from Fort Scott, Kansas, nnd Leroy
Gow, from eastern Colorado.
Chicaoo, Dec. 28.—At an important'
meeting of engineers of western roads
to-day a committee was appointed at
Richmond to settle the Burlington
strike and will report a settlement
The boycott will be withdrawn.
Purcell, Dec. 27.—The Indian
scouts, under Lieutenant MoComh,
visited the Oklahama station last night.
and arrested all the "Boomers" in that
vicinity, The prisoners were compelled to hitch up their wagons and
take everything with them and go with
the-acouta to their camp The scouts
disarmed the settlers and drove them
like ao many iheep. The men are
atill priapnera, and it is said will be
kept 111 confinement for several weeki,
and then be driven out of the territory.
New York, Dec. 28.—Nothing ban
been heard of tho Bteamer Samana
which left here for Hayti and San Domingo on November 22nd, carrying a
cargo reported to contain arms ana-
ammunition for the insurgents. She
carried a crew of eighteen and it is believed she waa lost in the gales of Nov.
25th.
Washington, Dec. 28.—U. S. consul Ashwood, at San Domingo, hu
been dismissed in disgrace. It h
claimed he failed to properly account
for the money which camo into his
possession.
Nogales, Ariz., Dec. 28.—Newi
reached here of an earthquake at St.
Helena, Sonora, on the 21at, A number of adobe houses were levelled te
the ground, but no lives lost.
Butte, Mont., Dec. 28,-Six pria-
onera eacaped from the county jail lut
night. No traces of their whereabout-,
can be found.
Ottawa, Dec. 28—Advance sheets
of the annual report of the minister ot
customs show thnt exports nf Oanada
during the fiscal year ending June
30 were $90,250,000; imports, $111,-
000,000; the largest balace of trade
againat Canada aince the Dominion wu
confirmed.
Winnipeg, Dec. 28.—Webb, of
Brandon, the wife murderer, wu
hanged this morning. He displayed
great fortitude on the scaffold. The
parting between Webb and hia three
children waa affecting in the extreme.
Webb killed his wife while drunk.
Kingston, Dec. 28.—The Sharbot
Lake Hotel at this place was burnei
this morning. Joshua Fraser, a well-
known author and mineralogist, nn
suffocated. The fire was caused by the
explosion of a kerosene lamp. The inmates of the hotel were roused in time
to make their escape. Fraser wu
formerly a minister of the Presbyterian
church, but was expelled for irregularities. For tho past two years ho has
been engaged as mineralogist and his
publications, " Shanty Life" and
"Three months among Moose," have
been largely read.
London, Deo. 28. -The Prince Kara
Georgewitch, of Russia, brother to
Prince Peter Kara Georgowitch, pretender to the throne of Servia, k
dead. He leaves all his immense fortune to his brother to whom it cornea
opportunely for the prosecution of big
intrigues,
Adelaide, Dec, 28.—In the ban-
ball here to-day the score stood: Chicago 12, All Americans 9.
London, Dec. 28.—An earthquake
was felt in Hampshire this morning.
Os the Verge op Starvation,—"Eor
throe months I conld not eat a full meal
or do a day's work. I bought a bottle
of Burdock Blood Bitters, began using it,
and in three days my appetite returned;
in a wook I felt like a new man. It wa»
wonderful what ono bottle did for mc,--
writes Arthur Allchiti, of Huntsville,
Muskoka, who suflorod iroin Dyspepsia. Weekly British Columbian
Wedncs.li. morning, Jan. 2, 1881.
LOCAL/ND GENERAL NEWS.
(From daily Columbian, Dec. 29.)
The tfovinoial parliament has been
called f meet on1 January 31st for despatch/! business.
W*ile a number of people were
akatsg on Skinner's pond, Victoria,
yestfday, the ice gave way and a
youni lady wus nearly drowned.
T/e now city charter hns been pro-
clamed, and gazetted as on the 22nd
ofDec, so that from that dato tho
cily has boon sailing under the new
franchise.
' The Manitoba Frm Press excelled
itself in an immense Christmas issue of
/20 pages, iu whicli the   "prairio   province" and the whole northwest got  a
splendid showing.
Fresh fish is exceedingly scarce on
the market at present. The present
clear weather is not at all relished by
the deop sea fishermen who always
make better hauls when the weather is
cloudy.
The board of directors of the Royal
Columbian Hospital acknowledge with
thanks the receipt, through Mr.
J. S. Clute, of $250, the bequest the
late Mr. Bangs, of this city, left to the
Hospital.
Constable Calbick brought over from
Vancouver last night two prisoners
named Hamilton and Ward. Hamilton is sentenced to 3 months in the
provincial gaol, for vagrancy, and
Ward has been sent up for trial at the
next assizes for burglary.
Oanada is coming to the front in illustrated journalism. The Christmas
number of the Montreal Star is a
splendid example of artistic taste and
skill, and is not excelled by holiday
publications anywhere. The Dominion is to be congratulated upon the
development of a truly Canadian art.
Mr. Jno. McLeod, a well-known carpenter in Nanaimo is quite a genius in
his own way. Ho has just completed
a mechanical toy and in it he combined
the useful with the ornamental. It is
really a cage for mice and every movement of tho littlo quadrupeds sets a
nigger dancing, a nigger band playing,
besides putting other comicalities into
lively motion.—Nanaimo Free Press.
Speaking of the glorious weather
to-day an old '5Ser said: "This is genuine Britisli Columbia weather we are
enjoying at present, and it is liable to
continue till March when the rains
will aet in for a few weeks. We may
have a light fall of snow or a few rain
storms during tho next month, but
nine days out of ten should be as fine
as to-day. The last two years have
been exceptions to the general rule,
but then the weather haB been peculiar all over the continent."
A Good Time.
A very enjoyable affair, for the
young especially, was held at Olivet
Baptist church laat night. A Christmas tree for the children was the great
feature, and aa Santa Claua remembered everyone the satisfaction was
complete. Mr. Holden'a class aang
Christmas carols with much acceptance,
and a good programme throughout
contributed to the geneial enjoyment.
1'ostollice Improvements.
A lot of new boxes and drawcrB—
112 in all—are being put in the post-
office hero, and will be ready for renting next Monday. This has become
a necessary measure, as the old boxes,
etc., 200 odd, have been all taken for
some time, and there is an urgent demand for more. The now boxes present a very handsome appearance, having real bronze and heavy plate glass
fronts, and tho numbers painted on
the inside in oil. The new outfit was
obtained from Seymour & Co., Montreal, and is a credit to the firm.
Clot ills Deserts.
Last night a youug man from Yale,
named Louis Jackson, attacked an old
man in a saloon on Columbia
itreet and struck him several severe
blows. The police were summoned
and attempted to arrest him
but he resisted strongly and it wus
with much difficulty he was convoyed
bo the lockup. At tho police court this
morning ho claimed to hnve been drunk
and did not know what ho was about.
But the polico magistrate wns not to bo
imposed ou by this tale nnd fined him
in all $12.50 and costs or in default io
serve 30 days iu gunl with hard labor.
From Fifty-Eight lo Highly.Elgin.
The first timo in many, many years,
tho Adelphi Cigar Store remained
closed yesterday, and tho genial face
nf its proprietor was missed from his
accustomed post at the "cornor." The
news of the death ot tho estimable wife
of Mr. Campbell was received with
genuine sorrow, and during the day
and last evening many wero the expressions of sympathy extended to the
bereaved family. The deceased lady,
with her husband, came to Victoria in
1858, she resided here continuously
until the time of her death, in 1888,
and wns aged 58.—Colonist Dec 28th.
The funeral took place this morning
from the family resdience, Johnson
atreet, at 9:45, and at 10 o'clock from
St. Andrew's pro-cathedral. Members
of Far West Lodge, K. of P., of which
Mr. Campbell is a member, attended
in a body.
Jz .  m  .	
John Hays, Credit P. O., saya: "Hia
■kouldor waa ao lame for nine montha
tbat he could not raiae his hand to his
head, but by the use of Dr. Thomas' Eclectric Oil the pain and lameness disappeared, and although threo months has
elapsed, he haa not had an attack of It
ilnJe."
A Cabin Bobbed.
Last evening between the hours of 5
and 9:30 o'clock the cabin of William
Dee, in the swamp, was broken into
by some unknown parties and a barrel
of Bait salmon stolen therefrom. The
theft was reported to the police and an
investigation followed. The thieves
were traced to the landing below the
C.P.R. wharf, where the fish had been
placed in a boat and conveyed to some
point, it is supposed, down river. The
identity of the men could not be ascertained. No person waB in the
cabin at the time of the robbery. A
few articles of clothing were stolen
from the house some weeks ago, probably by the same parties.
The Southern Knllroa.l IS.rn.l-
The committee for canvassing the
ratepayers for signatures to the Southern Railway bund have completed
their labors. Over a majority of the
ratepayers have signed tho bond, and
more than $100,000 has been guaranteed, Tho bond has been left at Mr.
D. S. Curtis' drug atore, and those who
have not yet signed and intend to do
so, are requested to call there and
"make their mark." Itis understood
that the members of the Westminster
Railway Oompany, who nre also ratepayers, will also go on the bond and
make out the full $150,000. The
action of our citizens in this matter
has conferred honor upon themselves
and the city.
Assistance Required.
All readers of The Columbian will
remember the horiocMrs. Van Luven,
who so nobly laid down her life to
save others when the small-pox epidemic ravaged the Walworth settlement.
It will also be remembered that she
left her three babies to the care of her
husband when she volunteered to
nurso the Walworths, and that these
children are so young as to require a
mother's constant attontion. Since
the death of his wife, Van Luven has
not beeu ablo to leave home to earn
the money necessary to bring his sister
from England who will take the placo
of tho dead mother in tho care of the
little ones, and he is thereby placed in
a position verging on absolute poverty.
Considering that Mra. Vun Luven
nursed the Walworths for some weeks
and lost her lifo, invaluable to her
family, in doing so, it is thought that
Van Luven should receive some recompense from the government, and a
petition is being drawn up recommending the same. If a small allowance is
made Van Luven will be able to bring
hiB sister from England and this will
ensure to the children the care which
is their due. We hope the petition
will bc largely signed and that it will
receive the favorable consideration of
the government.
Csnvlet Labor.
Sir John Thompson, minister of justice, was interviewed lately in regard
to the question of the employment of
convict labor. The minister said he
had aeen the recommendation of the
judge and jury at Kingston, but did
not know that the convicts could be
employed to any greater degree than
they are at present. "Every man,
woman and child," said the minister,
" is kept employed from morning until
night, but they have not an hour to
spare for any other purpoae. True,we
do not dispose of their work outside,
but all the proceeds go towards the
maintenance of the prisons. At
Kingston we have convicts constantly
employed in the quarries, and as new
cells are being built or old ones rebuilt, convicts are also employed in
that work. For the ironwork that is
required there are convicts who, as
blacksmiths, prepare all that ia required. At New Westminster the
convicts have carried out repairs
which, if given to a contractor outside,
would have necessitated the expenditure of a considerable sum. At that
institution au instructor hns been engaged to teaoh carpentering. Many
of the convicts are kept at farming
work, the products of which are all
used within the institution. On the
whole I do not see that wo should gain
anything by deviating from our present
system.	
Personal.
Senator Mclnnes left for Ottawa today.
R, MoKee nnd wife, of Langley, aro
in town.
Wm Chadsey, of Sumus, is stopping
at the Colonial.
T. R. Holden and wifo returned to
Stavo River this afternoon.'
FIRE BUGS AT WORK.
Buildings Burned nt Victoria.—A. Finney, tbe Owner, While Watching the
Fire, Drops Head.
Ciu.ftcl.l's Ballrond.
The lumber for the new offices of
the B. B. R, & N. Co. has beon purchased at Utsalady and will bc here in
a fow days. Tbe building will be two
Btories high and about 28x60 feet in
size. Beside this, Senator Oanfield ia
now considering three propositions for
clearing and grading the railroad from
Whatcom to the British line, and the
contract will be let within a few days,
The Broadway wharf will be completed
by July 1st. The money to carry on
the work has been secured, and Senator Canfield has been offered financial
assistance by the Bank of British Columbia if he desires it.—-KetetUe.
Speoial to Columbian.1
Fire broke out at four-thirty this
morning in a single-story dwelling on
Fort Btreet, occupied by Mrs Hernandez, and quickly spread to
tho adjoining two-story house occupied
by Rutland. Both houBes were destroyed. The loss is probably two
thousand dollars. Partly covered by
insurance. A, Finney, who owned
the houses, while witnessing their destruction dropped dead. He was subject to heart disease, which, with over-
exciternont, probably caused death.
Chief Engineer Dt.isy, while making
his way through the dense smoke to
the rear of the burning building, came
in contact with a projecting object, receiving n severe though not serious
wound on tho face. The firo is evidently the work of an incendiary, a
previous attempt having been made,
ahortly after midnight, to burn the
buildings, on which occasion the fire
was extinguished without Bounding the
alarm by a couple of young men who
were the first to discover the blaze.
Donald Truths.
i'j
W. Bredemeyer, the assayer at Vancouver, would like miners in this section to send him 2 to 5-pound specimens by express free of charge, as he
wishes to establish a mining bureau.
He will assay the ore, placing the assay
value on tbe specimens, hoping by this
method to help bring the mines to the
attention of capitalists.
The president of the Kamloops Calo-
doninn Society is an athlete, but small
in stature. At a recent ball, iu one
eet he had for a partner a lady who
weighs closo on to 200 pounds. When
the caller called out, "Swing your
partners and circle to the left!" the
fair lady swung her Bmall partner with
suoh vigor that when she let go of him
he spun round like a top, and finally
wabled over and fell to the floor.
A seedy-looking tramp called nt the
Beaver on Sundny, and was fed and
lodged. Monday morning, after the
men with whom he had lodged had
gone to work, lie doffed his seedy garments and arrayed himself in a complete suit of one of the men, leaving
his old clothes as a souvenir. Ho then
proceeded to the depot, hoarded No. 1
sleeper, and probably is now picking
his teeth on the piazza of the Hotel
Vancouver.
T. M. Ward, Arthur Dick, and
Messrs. Redpath and Gilpin arrivod at
Revelstoke on Thursday from Toad
Mountain, coming up by rowboat.
They report money plentiful in the
new camp, but provisions running
short, owing to the Hendryx boat
being froze up at Bonner'a Ferry. Mr,
Ward intended to return on Sunday,
the others of the party going up to the
Big Bend country.
Late Canadian News.
LOCAL AND JENERAL NEWS.
{From Daily Columbian, Dec. SI.)
The beautiful weather of yeaterday
caused the churches to be filled with
muoh larger congregations than usual,
both morning and evening.
The scaffold is being erected snd
other arrangements are being made at
the gaol for the hanging of W. H,
Jones, which takes place on the 9th
prox.
The youngsters had a jolly time
sliding on the sidewalks this aftornoon.
This practice though enjoyed by the
children is rather dangerous to pedestrians and should not be allowed except on quiet streets.
The Westminster foot ball club
plays Victoria on the 12th and Vancouver on the 19th prox., in this oity,
weather permitting. Advantage
should be taken of the present fine
weather to get into good playing trim.
A dense fog roso from the river
shortly before sunrise this morning
and lasted for soveral hours. These
fugs are more appropriate to our September weather than to the preaent
season. They are considered a sign of
continued fine weather.
The Star und Flanot mines, in
Nicola, have been attached by thu
sheriff of Kamloops, on behalf of
creditors. Geo. Henderson, the manager of thei.,company operating the
mines, has written from San Francisco that he expects to go to Arizona.
It is therefore unlikely that he will
return to Viotoria.—"Time".
The Canadian Anthracite Coal Company, of which Mayor McLeod Stewart
is president, hnve re-started operations
at Anthracite, N. W. T., on a large
scale. One hundred and twenty-five
miners nre already employed, and a
number of others will soon be added to
tho force. The output will be shipped
to the San Francisco market. Mr.
Stewart has been in England for somo
months, where, it is snid, he has organized a wealthy syndicate.
Tbe Steamer Glndya.
At 12:30 to-day the steamer Gladys
was put up at auction nt the Colonial
Hotol by Mr. T. J. Trapp. Tho opening bid of 83,000 was made by Mr. McLennan, of Langley. Tho bids were
slowly run up until go,900 was reached when Mr. Townsend increased it to
$4,000, over which no ouo would bid
nud the steamer Btill remains in tho
hands of its old owners. The Gladys
is said to be worth from $5,000 to $6.-
000 nud if now would be worth at least
$7,000.
 ^	
A Celestial Fight.
Mr. T. C. Berohard, public school teacher; Norland, writes: "During the fall
of 18811 waB much troubled with biliousness and dyspepsia, and part of the time
waa unable to attend to the dutiea of my
profession. Northrop & Lyman's Vegetable Discovery and Dyspeptic Cure was
recommended to me, and I have much
pleasure in stating that I was entirely
cured by using one bottle. I hare not
had an attack of my old complaint since,
and have gained fifteen pounds in weight"
R. J. Johnston, of Winnipeg, dropped dead at his residence Thursday.
The Cardwell House at Pioton, Ont,
waa burned. Loas, $6,000; insurance,
$5,000.
The railway commission will consider the Manitoba crossings caso on
January 4th.
The Ross McLaren syndicate is desirous uf securing a large timber limit
in Chilliwhack.
The department of marine - will
shortly issue a chart of the mouth of
the Fraser Rivor.
One of the patriots of 1837 and 1838
died at his residenco in Montreal
Thursday, aged 88 yeors.
Tho Gait Coal Co. have to pay duty
on machinery for a diamond drill, but
the drill itself enters free.
The department of justico at Ottawa
haB decidod that Winnipeg muat pay
the expenses of calling out the militia
in the crossings' dispute.
Col. Rhodes, miniaterialist, the new
minister of agriculture in the Mercier
cabinet, waB elected to the houae for
Megantic by a large majority.
Tho government nnd C. P. R. resumed the sitting of the arbitration
case. It was decided to summon Sir
Charles Tnpper to be examined on the
Sth of April in Toronto.
Hoffield, tho Holland murderer, was
brought to Winnipeg last night. A
fork handle has beon found covered
with blood. Ho saya he only struck
Iub wife with his hand.
A petition is in circulation at Windsor asking that n vote of tho people bc
taken at the coming municipal elections on the question, "Is political
union with the United States desirable?"
Mr. Smollie, O, E., gave evidence
favorable to the government in the
0. P. R. Onderdonk arbitration. Sir
Alexander Campbell and Sir Hector
Langevin will be examined on the 2nd
of January,
The town of Deloraine waa almoat
entirely deatroyed by fire yeaterday
morning; tho Royal hotel and about
one dozen of the moat prominent buai-
neaa places are in ashes. The loss ia
$100,000, with but little inaurance.
The Ottawa correspondent of the
.Empire lays:—"The question being
left open, 1 learn on the best authority
that the O. P. B. Oo. will litigate in a
suit which haa already commenced in
Manitoba, and will not -eat until the
deoiaion of the higheat tribunal in the
realm has been obtained.
W. P. Webb, of Brandon, who ahot
his wife while drunk, on Auguat 30th,
was hanged at Brandon yeaterday
at 8 o'elook in the presence of fifty
witnesses. He faced death camly.
His neck waa brokon by the fall and
he died instantly. The parting between Webb and hit three children was
affecting in the extreme.
This afternoon a Chinaman named
Ah Toi assaulted a countryman named
Tai Ching, on Front Street. A lively
battle ensued which was greatly relished by a large crowd of celestials who
saw the fight with keen interest. The
combat had reached its most exciting
point when Constable Carty burst
through the ring and quickly put tho
pair in irons. The police court wns iu
session when the prisoners arrived at
the lock-up and the mon were put on
trial immediately. Ah Toi wns sentenced to 2 months in gaol with hnrd
labor and Tai Ching was discharged ;n
it was proved he did nothing tu cause
the assault.
A New Townsite.
Fine Sample or Oats.
Mr, William Dalby this afternoon
showed a Times representative one of
tho finest samples of oats that has
ever been raised in British Columbia,
they are the variety known as the
Egyptian oat, and were grown by Mr.
Harry Trimm on his farm on the Fraser
River, near Laduer'B Landing. They
weigh 56 pounds to the bushel and
twelve acres yield 674 sacks, a total
weight of 80,880 pounds. The samples shown us were of a remarkably
large Bize, very white mid free from all
dirt. The bountiful yiold bespeaks
well for the large tricits of
agricultural land situated along the
Fraser River and in the many rich
valleys further up the mountains.—
Timet.
  .  m   . .
The 8.8. Islander
The new C. P. N. Oo.'s s. s. Islander, mado her first trip yesterday from
Victoria to Vancouver with between
200 and 300 passengers on board.
Commodore Irving was in command
and handled tho fine vessel in thorough
style. Owing to some trouble with
the machinery only one of the engines
was used during part of the trip, which
prevented her from making the rapid
passage expected. As it was the trip
was made in 4' hours, the fastest on
recrod. The passengers were all delighted with the speed and comfort of
the vessel and heartily enjoyed the
pleasant voyage. During the day
several thousand Vnncouverites visited
the Islander, and quite a number of
peoplo went over from Westminster
for the same purposo.
A Dud Character.
Last evening Constables Carty aud
Smith arrested a man, named Harry
Curtis, on Columbia stroot, who wbb
very drunk and disordorly. This
morning a kloochman, who lives with
Curtis, reported to the police that ho
had assaulted and beaten her severely,
nnd the marks on her face and head
bore plain evidence of tho fact, From
what can be learned of Curtis it appears he is a drinking and worthless
character, too lazy to work, and who,
to a great extent, depends on his
kloochman to keop him in food nnd
whiskey. In return for the woman's
kindness he usually abuseB and
thrashes her when drunk, which is
often, and alio complains that tho life
of a dog would bo moro prefcrablo
than that wliich she now leads. At
the court this morning Curtis pleaded
guilty to being drunk nnd disorderly,
but claimed ho was not guilty of the
assault on his kloochman. Mr. Atkinson, after hearing the evidonco, sentenced Curtis to pay a lino of $l0 and
costs on the first charge and $20 and
costs on the second count, or, in default, 3 months in gaol with hard labor.
Not being ablo to pay the fines he went
to gaol.  	
PUBLIC OPINION
Hits no 1'Mr for Contract Labor—It I. a
Direct Menace to Ihe Honest IHcchaule.
Argument* Word, Weighing.
In view of the rapid growth that
the village at Ladners Lauding has
made during tho past year, and its
bright prospect in tho near future,
three prominent landowners thore,
Messrs. Thos. McNoely, D. Chisholm,
M.P..andW. H. Ladnor, M.P.P.,
have portioned off a pieco of their property nnd have had it surveyed into
town lots. The survoy, wliich was
made by Messrs. Wood, Turner & Gamble, covers about 16 acres and is divided
into some 200 lots, commencing to the
west of the wharf and running back to
the Cunoe Pass road. The new town-
plot was registered to-day aa the town-
site of Ladners.
Teachers' Institute.
During this week the teachers of the
district intend holding their annual institute meetings commencing on Thursday morning next and continuing
through Friday. The sessions will be
held morning, afternoon and evening in
tho high school room of the school
building, Papers on educational subjects will bo rend by teachers and others,
and a question drawer will be a chief
feature of Friday afternoon's session.
At the publio meeting to bo held in tho
Oddfellows' Hall on Friday evening a
programme consisting of addresses,
music, vocal and instrumental, readings,
etc., will be rendered. The public
are invited and no admission  will  bo
charged.
■ —-^———
From the North.
The Btoamship Idaho arrivod at
Port Townsend at 4.30 o'clock yesterday afternoon with 300 barrels of oil
and 60 tona of guano from Killisnoo,
The weather throughout the trip waB
unusually fine, clear and pleasant, the
thermometer scarcely reaching the
freezing point. From Pilot George we
learn that the schooner Leo met with
a disaster in Port Haughton, Stevens
Straits. While the veaael was at
anchor ahe swung on a rock and went
to the bottom. The water ia shallow
and tho veaael is well out of the water
at low tide. Tho crew of the wrecked
sohooner were brought to Port Towns-
end on the Idaho. It li expected that
the Leo can be raised. The Troadwell
mine is running full blast. The Russian bishop paid a visit to Sitka and
arranged to extend the services of the
Greek Ohuroh in other localities. The
Aneon was met at Juneau bound north,
The Idaho will leave for the north on
or about Wednesday next,—Times.
been left out of our language. Yet,
the greatest punishment yon can inflict
upon a convict is to keep him secluded
and in enforced idleness, and the fact
that he does suffer by it deters him
from furthor acts of crime for fear of a
repetition ot the punishment. If it is,
to be argued that all convicts upon
liberation should have some trade or
calling, then let these penitentiaries,
changed aB they would be into industrial and educational establishments,
contribute equally to the professions aB
to the trades. If you make tailors,
make lawyers; if you make tinsmiths,
make doctors, and soon; but do not,
iu your philanthropy to the ennviot,
crowd out the men earning the least
money.
Public opinion faces the problem,
and, as this largo factor—prison labor
—would be centralized, and the mechanics in the immediate vicinity of
these penal workshops would directly
suffer, and, as the work codld not be
gathered equally from the various
trades, and affect the professions with
them, the problem easily solves itself
into and naturally arrives at the conclusion: That, as taxation is necessary
to keep up the prisons, the farmer, the
mochanic, the professions, tho property-holder, nil contributo to the support of the convi.it, and it affecta all
alike, acoording to the status in the
community; and ii is better so, for by
so doing you keep away the working-
man's foe—contract labor—for convict
labor must necessarily be contract
labor. Public Opinion.
POISONED BY MISTAKE.
A Victoria liirl, l.y nu llnfurlunatc Mishap, ban i. Lotion Administered
Internally and Dies.
Special to the Columbian.
Victoria, B.C., Dec. 31.—Mabel
Brown, aged sixteen, who has been
living with her aunt Mrs. John
Haggerty, in this city, for ncouple of
weoks has boen troubled with inflammatory rheumatism, for whicli she has
been applying a lotion outwardly and
and taking medicine internally. Yes-
orday morning Mrs. Haggerty wont
into the girl's room for the purpose of
giving her a dose of medicine. In mistake a dose of tho lotion was taken,
As soon as the girl swallowed it she
perceived tho mistake. Medical assistance was called and everything dono
to relievo the sufferer, all of which
proved unavailable, and tho girl died
nt 0 o'clock last evening. An inquest
will bo held.
Tho Colon's' of Dec. 21st editorially
refers to the suToject ot "Prison La;
bor," and, while nut actually npprov-
ing the principle of convict labor, yet
shows that the effeci upon the working
man would bo equal, ns a mechanic
aud a taxpayer. But a careful consideration rrf tho theory will show that
the employment of convicts will affect
tho labor market, delrinienting the interests of the mechanic far more than
convicts kept in unforced idleness
would affect his pocket as a ratepayer.
The cost of keeping prisoners is as low
as eight cents per day, and, for the
sake uf argument, say there are only
200 prisoners in a centrally located
penitentiary, gathered up from tho
ends of the district in whicli tho prison
is situated, and the product of thoir
labor at, say, 81.50 por day, would be
$93,300 for 311 working days iu tho
year, aa against $5,840 for their support, and let this $93,300 worth cf labor be put upon tho market in almost
any centre, and it will affect it just bo
much as to send many a honest working-man and his family starving, and
if you reduce this rate of $1.50 per day
you make matters worse. Then, most
mechanics have had to spend some
time, and often money, in acquiring
the trado they follow, and "it would be-
unjust, in this sense, to teach convicts
a trade freo. The majority of whito
men committod to our prisons have
earned a trade, and have tho chance to
return to it on gaining their liberty,
whilo the "aristocratic criminals,"
suoh as forgers, embezzlers, etc., whose
education is thoir trado, also return to
it.
Then, there is a very important
phase of the subject that must not be
overlooked: that is, tho danger of arming criminals with tools.
Then, again, whilo the convict is
learning a trade the inferior work he
turns out will affect the market for
that kind of work turnod out by a
skilled mechanic.
Then, aB a matter affecting taxation
—Who are affected moBt! It is an easy
question to answer. The capitalist
and, in this matter he even, would
rather contribute to the eight or ten
cents per day to keep a convict as a
"country gentleman" rather than have
his houses tenantless, hiB city bereft
of the bright lythcsomeness of legitimate labor, and the possibility of his
having to contribute to a pauper institution to protect the man and bis
family who otherwise would protect
themaelvea by honest toil. The Colonist
asks the very pertinent queation, "Is
it good for the convict, morally and
physically, to be idle!" Publio Opinion
emphatically says "No," and idleness
is not a part of the make-up of our
prison regulation. There are a hundred and ono dutieB to be performed
by convicts which make them think
that the word "idleness" might have
Personal.
Isaac Kipp, of Chilliwhack, is in tbe
oity.
A. Gilchrist, of Ladnefs, wns in the
oity to-day.
Thos. McNeely, of Ladners, gave us
a call to-day.
B. Springer, manager of the Moodyville Sawmills Co., paid the oity a flying viait to-day.
W. H. Ladnor, M P.P., arrived in
the city lust evening and returned
home this afternoon.
Walter J. Walker, city auditor, hu
received a notico from tho secretary of
the Iustitiitoof Chartered Accountants
of Ontario, stating that at their lost
regular meeting, 24th Dec , he wu
elected a member, and hia name wis
duly entered upon the rolls.
C. C. Bicjiahds & Co.
Gents- ~;l certify that MINARD'S
LINIMENT cured my daughter of a severe and what appealed to bo a fatal attack of diphtheria after all other remedies had failed, and recommend it to all
who may be afflicted with, that terriblo
disease. John D. Bodtilier.
French Village, Jan., 1883.
C. C. Richards & Co.
Quits,—I suffered for seven years from
bronchitis. Nothing gave me relief till
I tried MINARD'S HONEY BALSAM.
Six bottles made a completo cure, and I
firmly believe it to be the best congh
mixture made.   Jas. F. VanBuskire.
Fredoricton, July, 1887.
T
IHE ANNUAL MEETING OF THE
„ Members of the Delta Agricultural
Soolety will he held at the Town Hall,
Ladner's Landing, on Monday, January
I'll.. 18HS. at 8 o'clock p. in. A full attendance Is requested.
A. GILCHRIST,
wdeKtl Hon. Bee kly British Columbian
ne.day Morning, Jan. «,
Monday's Dally],
jrief retrospeot of the year that
ow but a few hours to live will
tout of place.    An obituary,
;rue, ia generally a posthumous
) but it is safe to anticipate in
186 of the dying year,   as   tbo
rs aU agree in " giving it up."
Time  has been  using his
le to auch good effeot that "Old
J" has been mortally   wounded
vis now -quietly breathing his
The year has been   a quietly
fcful one.   No terrible wars have
lilaod the nations, although the
J oloud has  hovered dark over
|pe and ominous mutterings have
1 heard from time to time that
htened to merge and swell into
Jie horrid din of a general  and
■stating  Europeun   war.   Eng-
Germany,    France,   Russia,
tria, Italy, and Turkey  have
I considered as pn the verge  of
Vortox almost, any Hmo   during
year.   The Czar, the young Em-
r William and Boulanger have
|r looked upon, whether justly or
as the "bad men" who were just
[ing to slip the  collars  off the
i of war" and "sio" them  at
i other's throats.   Perhaps,  the
psgatherers  have  sacrificed, to
le extent, veracity at the shrine
lensationalism, for the   war  has
] yet burst, and there is  a  per-
ttible lull nt present.   Standing
and  navies,  however, are
tig strengthened,  and in these
Jcautions, perhaps, are  the  best
Irantees for peace; although  the
ph, when it does come, will be all
I more terrible and far  reaching,
i British Lion, fondly  imagined
I some to be falling into decay, has
In   exercising    his     inimitable
lionizing" proclivities during the
Burmah has  fallen  to  his
ns,  and  a huge slice of eastern
[rica—with 1700 miles of seaboard
170,000,000 of industrious and
rsperous    inhabitants — to    his
lease,   At home the "Irish ques-
n" is still an  unsolved  problem,
i Parnell commission attracts, and
I continue to'attract, considerable
ention,  but  the  doings of tho
ysterious and bloody Whitechapel
juiiae havo, perhaps, thrilled the
pblic mind more than other occur-
nces of the year, and the   end  is
' yet.   Abroad,  a  "glorious vic-
fery"  was  gained  at Suakim the
Iher day,  arid the brave  men,
tenry M. Stanley and Emin Bey,
horoscope   has  perceptibly
tightened lately, have attracted all
jyes and   sympathies  toward   the
Dark   Continent  for  more than a
■ear now.   In Germany,  two  em-
lerors — Imperial   Wilhelra   and
Frederick  the   Good—have   been
lathered to their fathers, within less
than four months of each other, and
loung William II  reigns in their
pad.   France  has  been agitated
with Boulangism, the Panama canal
I which  at  present writing appears
lo have run upon irretrievable dis-
ster), and petty  native wars.   In
"y, the pope has been urging his
llaims    to    re-endowment    with
temporal      power,      which
ttovement,    however,    is     quite
■operly regarded in the light of
i anachronism,   Spain  has  been
oubled, as  usual,  with  internal
[lissensions, bnt, on the whole,  has
een comparatively quiet. The great
i trade in  Africa,  carried on
principally by the Arabs,  has at-
cted  the attention and aroused
[the indignation of all freedom-loving
nations, who have lately  combined
i put it down.   The pope and Cardinal Lavagerie have done good service bn behalf of the oppressed  of
Yfrica by calling attention to   their
Iwronga and sufferings and invoking
■the aid of Christendom.   In South
■America, Brazil has abolished slav-
Icry,  and  Chili has  arranged to
■abolish Peru.   Mexico has  had a
■presidential election in addition  to
Iher usual troubles, and gives prom-
lise of 'developing into a fine country.
■This has been presidential year, in
■the United States—with  all  that
I that implies.   Tariff  reform   has
I been declared against, and Olove-
lland and the Democrats, after their
[ short taste of the sweets  of  office,
1 must step down and out, and Harrison of  Indiana,   the  soldier  and
"man     with     the     pedigree,"
I comes in on the Republican  wave.
[ The well meant efforts of the joint
I fishery commission were frustrated
[ early in the year by the Republican
I senate, and Cleveland's retaliation
I message, as an offset, caused a vio-
I lent ripple on the political and com-
I mercial tide all over the continent.
A feature of the  last few  monthB
I has been the bumptious annexation
overtures of the United States with
[respect to  Canada.   Yellow jack
[haB stalked abroad in  some  of the
] southern states and slain its victims.
I The year, generally, has been a good
lone agriculturally  throughout the
I United  States.   Tbe  Dominion of
7 Oanada has kept on the even tenor
i of its way, smiling  confidently  at
Yankee eleotion bombast and blus-
annexation proposals, "sitting down"
on commercial union, the stalking-
horse of annexation, and progressing
satisfactorily all the time towards
an assured and noble destiny. In
this evolution some friction necessarily results. The federal and
provincial powers have clashed more
tban once during the year, and the
victory in the more important affairs has been with the lattor, to
the publio advantage. It must be
remembered that the confederation
is yet something of un experiment,
and the varied experiences will work
out a more perfect knowledge for the
future. In spite of a partial drought
in Ontario, the year has been a remarkably good one, agriculturally
throughout the Dominion as a whole,
Manitoba has had a political revolution during tho year. Norqu-ey and
the Conservatives have been given
the grand bounce, and Greenway
nnd the Reformers have taken their
places, although tho battle was
fought moro on provincial than political lines. The prolonged railway
fight of the "prairie province" and
the recent victory over the C.P.R.
are memorable events of the year.
In our own province wo hnve had
what threatened to be an Indian
war, by way of variety; an expedition was sent to the Skeena with
commendable despatch, but happily
there was little or no bloodshed
The year has been one of progress,
and a good one, agriculturally
throughout the province. The
" red letter " events affecting the
royal city have been improvements
at the river mouth, the reopening, under the most promising
circumstancos, of tho river to seagoing vessels, and the successful
inauguration of the Westminster
Southern Railway scheme. The
importance of these events, as bearing upon tho future of the royal
city, it would be almost impossible
to over-estimate, and much progress
has been made in many respects
otherwise in both city and district.
The future is literally pregnant
with good thinga for us and an ad
vancement that we have scarce yet
dreamed of—if we but appreciate
and prove equal to to the occasion.
Last, and Last, if you will, The
Columbian haa changed hands a
enlarged during the year, and now
wishes its numerous and constantly
increasing number of readers "A
very happy and prosperous New
Year." _______
Late Despatches.
TROUBLE IN  TENE8SEE.
Nashville, Dec. 22.—A speoial to
the American from Montvallo, Ala.
says: Near this place last Thursday a
negro boy made a criminal aasault on
a white girl, but she escaped from him
before he accomplished hia purpose.
Yeaterday several negroes were arrested and taken before the girl. She
identified one aa the party who assaulted her. Last night a crowd of negroes
led by John White, a colored desperado, surrounded the house where
a constable and posse wero guarding
the prisoner. White called one of the
guards out in the yard and demanded
to see the warrant on which they were
holding the negro. A white man called out to a companion in the house
"Hand me that double-barreled warrant lying on the bed." At this the
negroes opened fire which waa promptly
returned by the whites, and about 100
shots were exohanged. John White,
leader of the negroes and several of his
men were woundod, The negroes
then fled, taking the wounded with
them.   No further trouble is antioi-
TRE INAUGURAL BALL.
NewYoi;k, Doc. 22,—Russell Harri
son, son of tho president-elect, attended
a meeting of the committee on the plan
and scope of the centennial colebration
of Washington's inauguration to-day.
Ho said his father desired bim to inform
tho committee lie would loud all the aid
in his powor to make tho celebration
successful. At least 7000 aro expected
to participate in the festivities of tho
great banquet on the night of April 20,
Each lady present at tlio ball will be presented with a souvenir, as was dono at
the inaugural ball of a hundred years
beforo,
CALIFORNIA PRODUCTIONS.
San Francisco, Doo. 22.—Goorgo W.
Mendo & Co. have issued thoir fourteenth
annual review of the raisin, dried fruit
and nut industries of California. The
review statea that the past year has
boon auspicious ono to the state, and
speaks in glowing terms of tho advantages offered by Uio stato. Among the
orchard and vineyard products of tho
past year, which are computed in the review, are tho following: iiaisins, 015,000
boxos; honey, 3,000,000 pounds; French
prunes, 2,000,000 pounds; peaches, sun
dried, 2,000,000 pouudsigrnpos,sun dried,
2,000,000 pounds; apricots, bleached,
2,000,000 pounds; peaches, bleached and
unbleached, 2,200,000 pounds; walnuts,
1,000,000, The raisin pack of California for 1888, as compiled by the California fruit growers, amounts to 004,000
boxes.
THE ALASKA COMPANY,
Washinoton, Dec. 24.—Chairman
Poindexter Dunn of tho house committee on merohant marine and fisheries has summoned ton witnesses to
appear before the committee on March
7th to testify in regard to the Alaska
seal fisheries which his committee is
now engaged in investigating. The
resolution under whioh the committee
is operating empowers it to enquire
into any violation of the contract with
the United States by the Alaska Commercial Co., and also to enquire as to
the moral status of the inhabitants incident to the almost complete control
of St. George and St. Paul islands by
the Alaska Commercial Co. These seal
-. Mr-  t.    i-   ■   _nn||
sentative of the United Press association today, aro tbe moat valuable in
tho world and our investigation iB as to
whether the United States oan by any
means secure more revenue from them
and at the same time preserve the
fisheries. Thero was at one timo seal
fishing off Japan, but that is now
practically extinct. So far the United
States haa received from the Alaskan
fiBheries about 87,000,000 from these
fisheries direct, besides the indirect
revenue which amounts to $3,000,000.
The whde territory of Alaska coat tho
United Slates about $8,000,000, so
you see lhat the purchase has been a
profitable one. The testimony so far
adduced does not show that a proper
state of morals exists among tho people, and the committeo hope to nrrivo
at some conclusion that will promote
the cause of good morals aud civilization among the natives of Alaska.
rescued crews,
San Francisco, Deo. 24. — Advices
from Honolulu state the arrival thero of
tho British man-of-war Hyaointh, from
Tahita. The Hyaointh called at Maiden
island and rescued two shipwrecked
crews of twenty-tour men. They included
the master, two mates and thirteen men
of the Gorman ship German and eight of
the crow of tho Swedish bark Virgo.
Both vessels had been wrecked on tlie
island November 27th. The vessels
had anchored off Bnore when a heavy
storm came up and swept thein upon tho
breakers. The men attempted to escape
in boats, but a beat containing tho captain, mate, carpenter, cook and two seamen of the Virgo capsized and all six
were drowned. All of the Herman's
orew escaped.
VIVE LIVES LOST.
Denver, Col., Dec. 24.—Word has
just been received hero from Boulder,
Col., that Hastings' saw mill, near
Gold Hill, exploded Saturday, instantly
killing Andy McDonald, A. Barnard and
two othors, named Nodlett and Nilcs,
and fatally scalding Mike Barnard, The
explosion is attributed to low water in
the boiler,
A CRIPPLED CONCERN.
iNDUNAroLis, Dec. 24.—Tho arrest of
Charles F. Cutting, of Chicago, and the
Sight of W. F. Shaw, for swindling tho
stockholders of the Columbia Building
and Loan Association, has developed the
fact that the association has several
branches in Indiana. At Marion the
shareholders' loss is $10,000, while at
Tipton workingmen held stook to the
amount of $20,000. Other plaoes are
yet to he heard from, and it is thought
the total amount involved will bo quite
larse,
CRUSHED TO DEATH.
Duluth, Minn., Dec. 24,'-This morning while a gang of men were at work
at the Ohio Coal company's dock one
of the bins holding 600 tons of coal
burst and buried Johu Jacksoa and
Jonn Oleson under the mass. Both were
killed,
TWO BROTHERS XII LED,
Binohampton, N. Y., Dec. 24.—
Henry and John Valwormer, two brothers, wero killed by a train this afternoon near Oneonta, whilo walking on
the track,
RELEASED,
Slioo,  Deo. 24.—James J. O'Kelly,
member of parliament, was released from
prison to-day. His friends presented him
with au address and a purse of gold.
■   not ouilty.
Mason Citv, Iowa, Doc. 24,—The
jury in. the case of Mrs. Bertha Digle,
an actress charged with tho murder of
her husband, brought in a verdict of not
guilty.
mormons sentenced,
Ooden, Doc. 24.—Ten mormons, previously convicted of bigamy, were sentenced in Judge Henderson's court to-day
to terma in the penitentiary ranging
trom three to fivo monthB with fines
and costs.
THE TOPE'S ADDRESS.
Rome, Deo. 24.—The popo addressed
the sacred college to-day. He gave
thanks to God for tho blessings the jubilee had brought him, Ho affirmed with
much feeling hia former utterances on
the question of temporal power, and indignantly rejected tho accusation that ho
was an enemy of Italy. He urged Catholics everywhere to agitate in a legal
manner for the restoration of papal
supremacy, and spoke in deprecation of
tho recent liberal enactments in Italy.
His address throughout was unusually
violent and bitter. Tho Bpeech referred
exclusively to the Vatican and Italy. Ho
said the whole world oould see in what a
painful situation ho was placed. One
could only ask, "How far will tlicy go?"
Atthe present timo a systematic war
was boing waged. Even tho person of
tho popo was exposed to the threats of
the mob. Tho enemies of the holy soo
had weapons enough already to injure
tho papacy, and if theso did not sulHce
thoy wero prepared to manufacture fresh
weapons. It was persistently asserted
that tho popo wus an enemy of Italy, but
this was simply mado to mask the roal
objeots ol perfidious spite against tho
ohurch, and that objeot was to render it
at once hostile to tho papacy. To vindicate tlio right of tho pontiff waB in reality
to advance tlio prosperity of Italy. To
demand that tho greatest moral power iu
the world should possess real sovereignity in Italy, whero providence placed tho
ohurch conturies ago, was not an act of
hostility to tho country. Tho faot that
the bishops iu foreign lauds were laboring for the restoration of the pope's temporal rights proved that tho interests of
tlio whole Catholic church wore bound up
iu the causo.
CARVER'S LATEST SHOOTING ATTEMPT.
Minneapolis, Doo. 24.—Dr. Wm. F.
Carver this morning commenced to
shoot to break hia record.    He pro-
Eoses to put bullets in 00,000 wooden
alls in six days, from 10 run, till
midnight. In the first fifty minutes ho
shot at 100 balls and missed only
thirty-five,
BRUTAL WIFE MURDER.
Springvale, Mo., Doc. 24.—On
Thursday laat John Bernier, a Frenoh
Oanadian aged 35 yeara, was convioted
of tho cruel aud brutal treatment of
his wife, nnd was fined $14.60. During tho trial he waa heard to threaten
to get even with hia wifo. On Saturday morning a dootor waa called to
Mra, Bernier and found her Buffering
from poisoning with paria green, which
hor husband aaid ahe had taken do-
spite his efforta to prevent her. Next
day it waa loarned that ahe waa dead.
An examination of the facta aeomed to
woman was still suffering from poisoning, Bernier beat her oruelly aud
thrust her out of doors into the bitter
cold. Sho crept back and he beat her
again. She died Sunday. The deceased leaves threo little children, the
youngest only three montha old.
FOUR MEN KILLED.
Denver, Deo. 26.—A fatal acoidont
has just ocurred on Fifteenth Btreet, between Tremont and Court Place, which
resulted in the instant death of four men
and mortally wounding two others. Tho
Denver Gas Company had a hundred men
employed excavating a ditch six feet
deep along the sido of and underneath
the track of the cable car line, when suddenly the track for an entire blook fell
crushitg tho life out of and imprisoning
the men underneath. Men were immediately set to work removing the fallen
track and four dead and two badly hurt
have just been removed. The othor men
escaped with more or less bruises. It is
uot yet known whothor thero aro any
moro under tho track or not. Tho names
of tho dead and wounded are not yet ascertained.
THE LOWEST OF CRIMES.
Escanaba, Mich., Doc. 26.—The Mir-
ror makes a public statement that W. W.
Mullikon, an old and prominent physician, has been habitually debauching
young girls, some as young as ten years.
The victims are said to number forty,
His ; misdeeds have been discovered
several times, but were hushed up to
avoid scandal, Tho matter at last became notorious. Mulliken was arrested
and bailed, but forfeited his bond and
skipped,
SCOURING THE COUNTRY.
Truckee, Cab, Deo. 21!.—The country is being scoured for the robbers wbo
plundered the Overland train on
Monday night last, but no trace of
them has been discovered yet. Wella,
Fargo & Co. representatives report
their loss at $56,000. The robbers
rofused to take a coin package containing 810,000, saying it was too heavy
to carry.
ICE GORGE ON THE MISSOURI.
Chamberlain, Dak., Deo, 27.—An
ice gorge has formed iu the Missouri
River nbovo tho city, and great damage to shipping is feared when the
gorge breaks.
MURDER OF HOWLAND IN MEXICO.
New Bedford, Mass., Dec. 27.—
The nows ia received here of tho murder of Edward W. Howland, a former
New Bedford man, on tho 10th, in
Mexico, whore for a year ho had chorge
of 2 electric stations. Only mere facts
are so far obtainable,
EVERYTHING QUIET AT LAMAR.
Lamar, Miaa., Dec. 27.—Everything it quiet. Reports of the race
troubles grew nut of an apprehension
nu tho part of the whites that a conflict between them and the blacks
would be precipitated by the conduct
of some of the negroes. No troublo is
anticipated now.
AN EDITOR WHO KNOWS HOW TO SHOOT,
St. Louis, Dec. 27.—A speoial to
the Republic from Durango, Colorado,
says: Information reached here at a
Into hour to-night of a tragedy at Rico
on Christmas ovening in which F. E.
Rust, editor of tbe Rico A'eu's, shot
and instantly killed Signor Olson. It
seems that Olson insulted Rust's sister
some time ago, and Rust demanded an
apology, which wu refused. On Christmas eve tho men met in tho Brunswick saloon. Olson went behind the
bar, got two revolvers, laid them on the
counter and told Rust to take one of
them and go with him and they would
settle the dffioulty. A quarrel ensued
and Olsun finally jumped over the
counter, gun in hand. Rust was too
quiok for him, howovor; he drew his
own pistol and shot Olson twice, killing him almost instantly. Olson wain bad repute and public sympathy ia
with Rust.
DIVES ORDERED CLOSED,
Indianapolis, Deo. 27.—Tho United
authorities have ordered all of the dives
in the Vermillion iron rango closed. Some
of the keepers have been arrested on the
charge of selling liquor without a license
and worse charges aro ponding. It appears that the methods of the Wisconsin
pineries have been resorted to, to obtain
recounts for tbo dives.
WAR SHIPS FOR SAMOA.
Washington, Dec. 27.—A speoial to
tho iScaiiiiner says; "It ia now atated
that tho expeditious work which ia being
done ou tho war ships Vandalia and Mohican, at tho Maro Island Navy Yard,
is for the purpose of sending them at the
earliest possiblo moment to Samoa. It is
also positively stated that the Dolphin is
now on hor way around tho world and
lias orders to stop at Apia. The Adams
and Nipsic are also thole."
THE PEOPLE INDIGNANT.
Purcell, Ind. Tor., Deo. 27.—Indian
scouts visited Oklahama station and arrested all in that vioinity. Thoy made
them hitch up wagons and take everything with thom and go to the scouts'
camp. Many of those arrested were
men who had been engaged in teaming
for the government, othors have been
railroad employees temporarily without
work. Tho people of Pnrooll aro very in •
dignant, supposing it to be a scheme to
capturo tho town.
LEONG SING HANGED.
San Francisco, Doo. 28. -Leong Sing
was hanged in the oouuty jail to-day,
for the murder of his uncle nearly two
years ago. During the past few days the
condemned man haa exhibited the most
stolid indifference to hia fate, and even
up to within a few hours of his execution would not believo that ho was to die.
Ilia coll mates woro two fellow countrymen, and last night they mado every effort to impress upon his mind tho faot
that thia would be hia last day on earth,
The condemned Chinaman arose early
thia morning and ato a hearty breakfast. He was removed to a cell near
the gallows about 9 o'olook and made
a request to bo left alone a few minutes,
which was donled, Ho scorned to realize this morning that ho would have to
die, but it did not appear to cost him any
anxiety whatever. He refused to embrace
the Christian religion, and would have
nothing to say to the priest who called
upon him.
THJJ FRENOH IN OTWFOUITOLAIH).
London, Deo. 28,-The Pol! Mall
Qasette to-night publishes an appeal to
the British government from Rev. Mr.
Darby, a Methodiat minister of Borne
ihow that on Friday night, while the | Bay, Newfoundland, for tho protection
of British subjects on the French shoro
from French oppression. He says that
the people aro being goaded to desperation and warns tho government of the
danger of bloodshed and murder unless
British rights are maintained. This
appeal, together with the recent debate in the French senate, has directed
attention here to a possible acute stage
of the dispute, as the French government complying with the bitter complaints of the French merchants, is
now seeking to induce England to
agree to suppress the English lobster
factories on the French shore. The
opinion expressed here ia that theae
disputes are hardly likely to be satisfactorily settled while Newfoundland
remains isolated from the Dominion.
COLD-BLOODED MURDER.
Washington, Dec. 28,—The Freed-
man's hospital was the scene of a startling murder early this morning, The
victim, waa a colored man named Isaac
Carey, a nurso in the hospital, and the
murderer was his brother, Taylor
Carey, who was a patient in the hospital. About 5 o'clock thia morning
Taylor arose and partially dressed himself, then he made his > way to his
brother's room where the lattor was
sleeping soundly. A large bulldog revolver belonging to the sleeping man
waa lying in hia clothing on a vacant
cot. Taylor picked up tho revolver
and tired a shot, Bending the bullet
through his brother's brain, After
killing his brother, Taylor lett the room
and walked to the front door where he
stood for a moment, and thinking he
had not completed his deadly work he
returned and fired a aecond shot,
sending this bullet, like the other,
through hiB brother's head. The murderer was arrested. Money matters,
he claims, led to the killing.
MCAULIFFE KNOCKED OUT.
San Francisco, Dec. 28.—Joo McAuliffe, the champion heavyweight of the
Pacitic coast, and Peter Jackson (colored)
tbe champion of Australia, fought for a
purse of $3,000 at the California Athletic
Club this evening and McAuliffe was defeated in 24 rounds. Jackson showed
his superiority in science from tbo start
and, aided by his agility worried McAuliffe immensely. The. first blow of the
fight was struck by McAulfffe and landed
lightly on Jackson's right ear. In the
second round Jackson led out with his
right and reaching the Californian's left
ear with a slash started it bleeding. From
that time until tho 15th round there was
but Uttle hard work done, most of the
blows being very light and without much
effect. At this timo Jackson commenced
pushing matters and McAuliffe's face,
head and stomach became targets for the
Australian's rapidly delivered blows. In
nearly every succeeding round, after
somo light sparring tho latter would
force McAuliffe towards a corner and
when he got him there he wonld punish
him severely. The Paoific champion
managed to retaliate occasionally but his
blows appeared to be devoid of force as
they failed to distress Jackson. As timo
was called at the end of the 18th round,
McAuliffe's wind was almost gone and
his lega were shaky. In the next round
Jackson took advantage of thia and landed timo and again on the Californian's
stomach, again foroing the latter into a
corner. Jackson turned hia attention to
McAuliffe's head whero he hammered
him severely. The twentieth round
found Jackson still pushing matters,
almost whenever he reaohed he tonohed,
McAuliffe being unable to stop tho blows,
Blood began to drip from McAuliffe'a
noso and ho wore a distressed look, In
the next two rounds, McAuliffe's dusky
opponent fought hiin all over the ring,
now causing him to retreat into a corner
and taking considerable punishment, then
to the ropes where he was also ham
mered. Everyone knew it was Jack
son's fight, and that the end was not far
off, Jackson camo spryly to the scratch
when time for the 24th round was called
and went fiercely at McAuliffe. The
latter was once more forced into a corner and with a smash on his ribs and several more on his head he went to tbe
floor, a knocked out man. Duration of
fight was one hour and forty minutes.
IRVING'S MACBETH.
London, Deo. 29.—Henry Irving's new
version of Maobeth was presented at the
Lyceum Theatre to-night in tho presence
of a moat brilliant and critical audience.
Every critic of noto in London was present, Among the occupants of the boxes
were Mr. and Mrs. Phelps, Oscar Wilde,
Sir Frederiok Leighton and many other
notables. The first soene of the play
was gloomy. Irving's costume waa
picturesque but not particularly startling,
in view of his many departures from the
orthodox representation. Miss Terry
was interesting but not equal to her best
efforts. In the soene where Lady Macbeth reveals the murder and displays tho
dagger, ahe waa especially weak. The
gallery goda applauded tho play aa a
whole, but tho oritics were not ovor
enthusiastic in their comments on the
representation.
CAUGHT AT UST,
Liverpool, Deo. 29.—The police were
anxiously watching to-day for tho arrival of tho steamer Lord Gough from
Philadelphia believing that Dane, the
Wisconsin murderer, was on board, Their
anxiety was relieved, however, by a des.
patch from Qucenstown stating that the
vessol had arrived at that port and that
Dano was arrested thero and remanded
for a bearing. He mado no resistance.
He had a ticket for Basic, Switzerland,
and intended to proceed immediately to
that country,
new military post.
Vienna, Dec. 31.—The decree
creating a new and important military
<ost haa been published in the (la.zette.
THE JUDGE "COT."
How He aot Even ln the End.
Judge Whibbledon, of the Twenty-
ninth Judicial Circuit, is, while on the
bench, a man of severe dignity, but in
private life he is known as a gentleman
of many admirable social qualities. Several days ago the Judge went out into
the mountains to rest and amuse himself,
and had just dismounted from bis horse
when a peculiar-looking old fellow came
along the rough path tbat wound its way
among the jagged rocks. Tbe old fellow,
upon spying the Judge, stopped, looked
earnestly, and then an odd smile crept
about the corners of his mouth, and then,
as though seeking ambush, secreted itseli
inthe old fellow's whiskers.
"Goodtmorning," the Judge plea-Molly
called.
"Hi."
"Do you live about here""
"Ah, hab."
"Any fish in this stream 7"
"Dunno."
"Plenty of squirrels np there, I suppose."
"Dunno." "
"Tnink we'll have rain J"
"Dunno."
The Judge, somewhatdisgusted, turned
away and threw his line into the water.
"Chag," a stone struck bis cork. Ho
turned quickly, but saw no movement on
tbe part of the old fellow, who Bat on
a Btone, with his bands shoved deep into
his pockets."
"Wbat was that!" the "Judge demanded.
"What?"
"Something struck my cork."
"Don't know nothin' erboutit."
The Judge turned away, and tbe next
moment another Btone struck his cork.
The Judge turned quickly, but the old
fellow sat with bis hands in his pockets.
"Look here, sir, I believe thavs you."
"Yas, this fame."
"I say I believe you threw those
stones."
"Which stones?" '
"Those that str- ',k my cork. Don't you
do it again ?"
The Judge again devoted himself to his
fishing, but not without interruption, for
a stone came down andknocked bis cork
off.
"You confounded old wretch 1 What's
the matter with you?
"Nothin'. Whut's the matter with
you?"
"You good-for-nothing old rascal, you
don't know how to treat a gentleman.
"Never bad a chance to treat one at
tall."
"Don't talk to me that way. You don't
know wbo I am."
"Yas, I reckon I do." The smile
sprang from its ambush in his whiskers
and pranced over bis face. "Some time
ago, said the old fellow, "I was a witness
in yo' Cou't,an' while I wuz tbar you
let one o' them lawyers ketch me in a lie
an' frowned at me an' rid over me an'
hii me down an' shuck yo' bead at me
an' done everything you could to make
mo wush that I wuz dead, an, now you
must git."
"What do you mean ?"
"Mean that you must git -, mosey 'way
frum here. It's my time to make you
feel mean.  Drop that pole an'git."
"I won't do it, sir."
"Won't you?  Wait, well see."
He drew an enormous horse-pistol.
<<6iti"___a
i "Look out 1—'
"Git I.'
Let me get my bat and coat"
"Never mind.  GUI"
The Judge got, and when ho returned
home he told bis wife that be had given
his hat and coat to a poor blind man
whom he had found inthe bills.
"Ah, Robert," sbe said, as she put her
arms around his neck, "your generosity
and benevolence will be rewarded, if not
in this world—"
"That's all right, Mary. The poor man
needed help."
"Why, you've torn rout trousers and
lost the heel off one of your boots."
"Yes, I jumped into tbe water to save
a little girl."
"You're a noble man, Bobert."
•*-*•'-
Obeying Order*.
post
It ia that of the commandment at Lam
bert to which the omperor has
pointed a distinguished officer.
ap-
Floating, champion draught player
of Oanada, replies to Ed. Kelley's
challenge from Winnipeg, and declines
to play in Chicago, He saya he ia
ready at any time to play Kelley, but
any matoh for the championship must
be played at Markham, where Fleming
reiideB,
Tho Northwest Transportation Company have been notified by the government that thoy cannot get their
machinery for a diamond drill imported free. A few days ago the government of Britisli Columbia were allowed to have machinery imported duty
free.
A nobleman who loved'society was tn
the habit of frequently inviting a few
friends to dinner. He was not rich,
however, and only kept one servant
One day, as he sat at the table with a
guest, a new servant entered with a covered dish.
"Wbat have you got there, John?"
asked the nobleman.
"A roasted fowl, my lord."
The nobleman said nothing till alter
the departure of his friend, when be
called bis servant before him.
"John," said he, "you would have dono
the house more honor if you had said
'roasted towels.' Remember that hereafter."
"Yes, my lord."
A fortnight afterward the nobleman
invited several more friends to dinner.
Upon the servant entering with an assistant, each carrying a dish, the master
said,—
"What have you got there, John?"
The man had not forgotten.the correction he had undergone, and replied,—
"Roasted oxen and calves."
The   company   burst into a fit ol
laughter, and the host joined them.
In mi——
81-rnalmf* Strut Car.
"It's fun watchin' the way folks signal
to us," said the driver. "I can size'em
up every time. First, there's tbe kitchen
mechanic, the real potwolloper. She
stands in the middle of the street and
says 'Hullool' a wavin' both arms as
though she was shootin' the cows out of
tho garden. Then comes the upstairs
girl—the genteel kind. She turns coyly
to one side and waves her hand as though
somebody was pullin' the string. As for
tho missis, she stands on the curb and
gently but impressively lifts one finger.
The old chap with spectacles and a black
suit shakes his gold-headed cane at you
nnd roars 'Stop that car, you rascal I'
while the dude stops sucking the head of
his big stick long enough to hold it up
languidly with an air that means 'Hold
up, fellah,' though he hasn't enough
lungs or energy to say it Last of all is
the business man who never opens his
head or looks at you, but just stands
thore beside tbe track thinking up some
new scheme, and when the car comes
along he makes a grab at it and swings
on. Yes, there's plenty of fun in this
business if you only know how to get a
^WKrXtutwl'MMric.l -~*1 Weekly British Columbian
TVe.Incs.lay Morning, Jan. •-.', is*'.
NOTES AND COMMENTS.
"Tho editor down the streot,"
writes a Kansas editor with withering scorn, "should go to school during the winter months so tbat the
teacher can learn him something
about grammar. We have seen: bad
writers before, bnt we never seen
one wbo oould crowd so many grammatical erratum into a single sentence,"
"When a man dies .suddenly,
without having been attended by a
doctor," says a popular guide to the
law, "the coroner has to bo called in
and an inquest held to nscortain tho
causo of death. But," adds tho
writer, "when he dies after having
been attended by a doctor, then
everybody knows why he died, and
an inquest is not necessary."
Some cheerful liar tells this story
about a wood-chopper in Nevada s,—
He discovered a leak in ono of the
mains of the -water company, where
a jet was forced out under enormous
pressure. After experimenting he
found that the stream would cut-
wood equal to a fine saw, so ho set
to work and now makes handsomo
brackets of choice woods, which
find a ready sale.
The Haytien government has, it
appears, a -steel ram, Toussaint
l'Ouverture, buEt in England, which
is more than a match for the four
old American wooden steamers sent
to look into the seizure affair. The
Haytien vessel is not only more
.powerful than all these old tubs put
together, but she has bigger guns
and is about twice as fast as the
best of theirs. It is tb be trusted
that the Haytiens will not be r,o intoxicated with their superior force
as to attempt to thrash (Jnole Sam.
It has been estimated by Professor Kirchhoff, of Halle, that tho
language most spoken on tho globo,
for the last 1,000 years at least, is
Ohinese, for it is without doubt the
only one ■which is talked by over
400,000,000 of the human race, the
next language most in use—but at
a very great distance behind Chinese—being Hindustani, spoken by
over 100,000,000. Thon follow
English, spoken by about 1000,000,-
000; Russian, over 70,000,000;
German, over 57,000,000; and
Spanish, over 47,000,000, ranks
next.
America says : The Italian senato has rejected, by a small majority,
the bill to extend political suffrage
to women. Italy is about tho last
country in Europo in which the
women should become enfranchised.
The men are not intelligent enough
to vote, nnd the women are even
more ignorant than the men. Should
the franohise be extended to Italian
women, the piiestB would make successful -rol'-'ivians, nnd could easily
bold the i,.nance of the power by
exercising a little priestly influence.
Supersition would prove a powerful
vote-catching weapon.
Says an exchange: In Minneapolis an individual was arrested
lately supposed to be drunk After
an examination the police surgeon
declared it to be a case of sunstroke,
and the blizzard organs are now expatiating upon tbe balmy nature of
the climate there, when men are
acutally liable to suffer from sunstroke in the middle .of December.
This is all very well, but Minnesota
must make her choice. The state
cannot advertise winter carnivals
and ice palaces for January, and at
the same time enjoy a reputation
for December sunstrokes. •
A good story comes from Portland,
Maine, about u man who put too
much faith in dreams. His wife
lost a fur collar and, tho roost careful search being made for tho article
without success, sho came to the
conclusion that it had been stolen.
Last week her husband dreamed
three nights in succession that the
collar was secreted under a stump
near the barn, and he went to investigate. He thrust his hand into a
cavity beneath the stump, and, sure
enough, felt a furry substance, which
he pulled out. The man then went
home and changed his clothes, while
the skunk escaped.
A few years ago two Australian
Oolonii'-i fought out the question of
Protection v. Free Trade. In Victoria Protection won. In New South
Wales Free Trado won. The fruits
of the two policies are now being
made manifest. Protectionist Victoria has increased her population
by 62 per cent, in twenty years; in
the same time Free Trade New
South Wales has increased 139 per
cent. The average wages of a workman in Victoria is $83, in New
Bouth Wales $100, with cheaper
living. The workingmen are leaving
the protectionist colony and going
to the Free Trade colony.
The Grand Forks Herald says
that while the Manitoba buffalo
were en route to that city, "two
heifers and a calf were killed in the
cars by their wild companions. The
animals were unloaded in tbe stock
pens, and a large number of people
took occasion to see the genuine
buffalo in all their nativo glory. The
bide was stripped from the three
doad ones by J. H. Doboll. Whilo
gotting the animals back on the
cars, a year-old calf, three quarters
buffalo, was injured so that it had
to be taken out again, and was left
here in charge of Mr. Dobell." The
animals have been shipped south to
Kansas Oity from St. Paul.
Says an ex.: The Osman Digma
who is the medium of peremptory
messages to the garrison at Suakim
is the same individual who has several times been reported dead. He
does not stay dead, aowever, but
pops up overy few months in front
of a largo force, and as lively as over.
The Mahdi believed to bo at Khartoum has always been regarded as
the successor of the Mahdi who put
General Gordon to death, but he
may too turn out to be the only and
original false prophet of the
Soudan. Such is the uncertainty
of tho news from that part of the
world, just like the Ottawa despatches in the New York .papers.
It is reported from Comioeticut
that a, teamster named Michael J,
Cavanagh, who was recently elected
to the Legislature, has becomo
insane on account of his political
success. As reported, "ono of
Michael's vagaries is that at the
next session of the legislature a
largo amount of boodle is to be distributed among the members. He
is already discussing the best way
to invest bis portion." This may
be a form of insanity peculiar to
Connecticut, but America fears that
if legislators holding this hallucination in other states were confined
in the insane asylums, there would
be numerous vacancies in the
legislatures.
"I found ' Old Hutch ' in a downtown restaurant one night last fall,"
said a board of trade man to a congenial crowd. "He was in a sociable mood, and I asked him to give
me the secret of his success, as he
certainly must have found the true
secret of money-making. He sized
me up for a minute and said if I
was in earnest he would like to toll
tell mo the story of his life. Well,
sir, he began from the timo he was
born and never skipped a single
thing regarding his life. He ate
three different times while he was
regaling me with his story. He
began talking about ten o'clock and
kept nt it until three the next morning. Then I quit him, as ho was
only thirteen years old and hadn't
made a cent."—Mx.
A curious will is recorded as having been left by Mr. O'Reilly Dense,
an Irish landowner lately deceased.
He left the whole of his property,
fifty thousand pounds, to the Chancellor of the Exchequer to be applied
to the reduction of tho national
debt. As the gentleman who made
this eccentric disposition of his proporty loft two nieces, maiden ladies,
in poor circumstances, it is held
that the document ought to be set
aside and the money go to the relatives, who so badly need it. The
public treasury, howeyer, is legally
advised that it has no power to give
back the money, and consequently
hangs on to it as tightly aB it does
to the taxes it draws from the submissive people at large. Meanwhile
tbe national debt still continues to
present its imposing proportions of
several hundred millions of pounds
to an admiring world.
Replying to the question "Should
women propose marriage J" the Rev.
Do Witt Talmage answered : "Why,
you are centuries too late in asking
that question. Women always have
proposed, and always will propose.
Words are weak things oonipared
with womanly affability and loveliness. The most splendid thing on
earth is a good woman, and when,
with all her attractiveness, she
makes up hor mind that it would be
well for her to bo the wife of some
good man, and that it would be
equally well for him, she captures
him as easily as a regiment one
corporal. It does not make any
difference whether her tongue proposes or not, her eyes propose, her
smile proposes, her mode of entering a room proposes. Until a man
gets from a woman a proposition of
that style be had better not make
i\ proposition of his own unless he
wants to be made to feel ridiculous
the rest of his life-time."
An American exchange giving a
personal sketch of the presidentelect and his wife, remarks that Mr.
Harrison has very little, if any
sense of humor, but adds: Mrs.
Harrison, on the other hand, bas a
fund of spirits which sometimes
finds expression in practical jokes.
For instance, there is a Dr. Newcomer, a great friend of the Harrison
family, who is a practitioner of the
old school, and a deadly enemy of
all quacks and all who advertise in
any way. The dootor is the owner
of a white dog which he regards as
the apple of his eye, and which,
like Mary's little lamb, follows him
about wherever he may go. The
two aro inseparable.   One day Mrs.
Harrison and a lady friend, not having the peace and dignity of the
doctor before his oyes, decoyed this
dog off'into a secluded place and
then and there painted upon each
of his sides, in indelible aniline
colors, the legend, "Try Newcomer's
Pills," and the dog trotted of to his
master with this most unprofessional
and unethical recommendation
where he who runs might read. Nor
was his decoration discovered by his
owner until after it had been displayed along the whole of the doctor's route. The doctor had to have
his canine friend shaved to get rid
of the request, and there was a
tension between the Newcomers and
Harrison's for some time.
It was recently decided by English judges tliat a railway company
cannot eject, anywhere that it may
ohoo3e, a passenger who refuses to
show, or does not possess, a ticket.
Here is an American case of a like
sort: The passenger got into a
regular train as it was about to start.
He could not find a seat, and could
not leave the train, as it was going
at a great speed; but he refused to
pay his fare unless he was provided
with a seat. The train was stopped
at a point far from any station, and
he was ejected. He brought nn
action of damages against the company, and was defeated; but on
appeal this decision has been reversed. The Chief Justice of Minnesota said : "The pursuer, whon ho
learned he could not be seated, had
the right to remain on the train
and pay his fare, or refuse to pay it,
when it would be his duty to leave
the train at the first reasonable
opportunity offered to him. He
could not be expected to leave tho
train while it was in motion. A
reasonable opportunity to leave it
would have been the stopping of the
train at a suitable and reasonable
place. Such an opportunity the
defendant was bound to afford unless it chose to carry him without
the payment of his fare. It. was
the company's fault, not the pursuer's, that a seat was not provided
for him, and it could not treat him
as a trespasser and put him off the
train at nny time it saw fit."
A I'llolnee Dinifflllr.
The action nf the Victoria pilots in
reference to bringing tho bark Kaisow
into Victoria harbor was brought to
the attention of the bonrd of trade
oouncil by the consignees. Tho pilots
claimed that thero was not sufficient
water in whioh to bring tho vessel into tho harbor. She was thon at Esquimalt and drawing 21 foet. Tho captain was compelled to lighter 300 tons
at a cost of several hundred dollars,
and the vessel wns then brought in by
the pilot. A Burvey made by Mr.
Gamble, 0. E., government engineer,
showed that there was abundance
of water in which to bring tho bark lo
the rice mills' wharf at high tide, and,
that there was no necessity for the
costly lighterage. The question was
also before the pilotage commissioners
yesterday, but it is not yet known
what course will be pursued in dealing
with tho case. The suspension of the
pilots is probable.—Colonist.
William Ogilvie, D. L.' S., who has
been engaged since 1887 in exploring
extreme Northwestern Canada arrived
at Edmonton, N. W. T, on Monday.
The routo pursued by the party was
from the Pacific up Chilckat Inlet by
steamer over Laing Pass to Lake Lido-
man on the Lewis River, the main
branch of the Yukon, down the Lewis
River by canoes to the international
boundary line. It has always been
supposed that the Lowis was the main
stream of the Yukon, but the Hootc-
lenrjua, which joins the Lewis from
the east about 100 miles from tho coast,
is the main strenm proper. This river,
at its junction with the Lowis, is linger and the water of a darker color.
Tho party went into winter camp on
the Yukon near the international
boundary in the latter part of September 1887. Camp was struck on March
4th when they decendod tho Yukon to
a small creek. Thoy decended to tho
head through a pass in tho Nehani
rango of mountains tn the head waters
of Porcupine River. The Porcupine
wns descended to ils confluence with
Bell's Rivor, coming in frnm the east.
This wus ascended to a pass iu the
Rockies about eight and a half miles
long with nothing to prevent n first
class railway being built through it.
Brum tho east end of the pass a small
mountain stream was followed to ita
junction with the Bell River, flowing
into the MacKenzie. Tho total distance travelled from the Yukon at the
boundary to Peel River was 318 miles,
oroasing two mountain ranges. Tho
McConnell geological survey party was
met at tho Peel. The ascent of the
McKenzie wns begun on January 27th,
and it oontinued until it combinod at
Chippewayan with the survoy of tho
Peace and Athabasca Rivers made by
Mr. Ogilvie, in 1886, a, distance of
1,417 miles. Tho only real obstacle
to navigation in this distance was
rapids at Fort Smith. Wheat and
barley are grown every summer in
north latitude, 61 degress.
A thermographic printing press,
capable of turning out 400 impressions an hour from hot type on wood,
is a new Fronch production. It is
said to yield results equal to lithography.
■ fr^a	
The Manitoba government has sent
a commissioner to the eastern townships of Quebeo to divert immigration
to the prairie provinco.
SCIENTIFIC MISCELLANY.
Hard-working Parisians average
sensibly less iu stature than their
wealthy neighbors,
A German chemist condemns
boracic acid as an ineffective and
poisonous food-preservative.
Their grotesque alphabet is making the Germans a nation of nearsighted people, Defective vision is
not only acquired, but it appears to
be handed down to offspring. Cohn
found over six per cent of elementary
pupils in Germany considerably
myopic; while in Antwerp Dr. De
Mots finds only two per cent slightly affected.
Langley finds that hardly one-
fourth of the solar energy, as we
receive it, is visible; while Hertz
astonished the German physicists
by showing that, although tho visible violet rays of the spectrum
have no influence on electric discharges, the disruptive efforts of
such discharges aro increased by
the dark ultra-violet rays.
A French botanist describes the
curious revivification property of
tbe "resurrection plant" (Salatjin-
ella Upidophylla). When the root
withers, each branch curls up, and
the plant appears moro or less ball-
like. It may so remain a long time
and when wator is then supplied,
the branchos unroll, the green color
returns, and growth  re-commences.
Uonsanbuineous Marriages.—
Investigating marriages of near relatives, Mr, A. H. Huth concludes,
as did Mr. G. H. Darwin some
years ago, that the popular belief in
sterility, or deaf-mute, idiotic or
deformed offspring, as a natural result of such unions, is without foundation in fact. The effect is really
to intensify the tendencies common
to tho progenitors, and it is only
when the tendencies thus liablo to
be magnified in the descendants are
bad that unions of cousins need bo
avoided.
Vegetable Aumok,—It has been
recommended that refuse cocoanut
fibre, which is very plentiful where
the fruit is grown, be used as a
blaokingfor the armor of war-vessels.
Compressed plates may be made of
it, whicli, on being penetrated so as
to admit water, would quickly swell
and close the orifice, preventing the
sinking of tbe vessel In recent experiments, bullet holes nearly nn
inch in diameter were mado in half-
inch plates of this material protected by boards, when a jet of water
shot through but ceased to flow in
less than one minute.
Rust-Pbevention. — Iron antl
steel are protected from oxidation
by giving them a ooating of mag-
netio oxide of iron. After much
experimenting, M. de Meritons, the
French electrician, has succccdod
in effecting this more satisfactorily
than by the methods now in use,
which require eight or ten days for
steel, and give only imperfect results for iron, He places the article in a bath of pure water at a
temperature of about 175 degrees,
and passes through it an electric
current a littlo more than sufficient to decompose water. In a
few hours all sorts of iron or steel
receive a brilliant black and very
hard coating of magnetic oxide,
which takes a fine polish.
Photographic Type-Settingi.—
A very practical illustration of
what science is doing for us is furnished by the reprint of the Encyclopaedia Britannica now being
completed in New York by the
Henry G. Allen Oo. The text,
maps and plates of the 24 volumes
are copied exactly, with only a
slight reduction in sizo, by tho gelatine photo-engraving process, it is
well known that gelatino treated
with bichromate of potash hardens
in sunlight, covered purls remaining so soft that thoy may be washed away ; so that prepared gelatine plates exposed undor negatives
from printed pages, and then washed give relief plates for printing.
Through such a method, this reprint
is published at at less than one-
third of the price of tho English
original,
Surveys.—The various kinds of
surveys now required by the governments and individuals are thus classified by Mr. Marcus Bakor: I. Surveys for general purposes, or information surveys: 1, geodetio ; 2,
geologic; 3, topographio (ordinary
and military); 4, agricultural; 5,
magnetic; 6, nautical (hydrographic
nnd physical). II. Surveys for
jurisdictional purposes, or boundary
surveys : 1, for dolining boundaries of nations, states, countios,
towns, etc.; 2, for defining property
boundaries (cadastral and partition
of land for salo). III. Surveys for
construction purposes, or improvement surveys : 1, for constructing
works, forts, arsenals, navy-yards,
lighthouses, flshwnys, otc.; 2, for
constructing routes of communication, roads, railroads, electric lines,
pipelines, canals, etc; 3, for
reclamation of land, flood-plains,
arid swamps, etc.; 4, for
improvement of natural waterways ;
B, for water-supply to contres of
population; 0, for disposal of sow-
age from centres of population-
GREAT SLAUGHTERS
-I3ST-
STOVES! STOVES
E. S. SCOULLAR & CO
TTAVE  MADE SWEEPING  REDUCTIONS IN T
line to meet the different arrangements now in on]
and now offer the largest stock of HEATING and COOKI
STOVES and RANGES ever imported into the Province,
AT PRICES THAT WILL ASTONISH THOSE
THAT WISH TO BUY.
We sell three carloads of Stoves to one sold by any firm
B, C„ which speaks for itself.   Intending buyers will cons!
their interests by giving us a call.   No trouble to show
goods or quote prices.
E. S. SCOULLAR & CO.
Water St., VANCOUVER.
Colnmbla St., WESTRIINSTI
dwnolyl
H. T. READ & CO
(masonic Block, Columbia Street.)
THE LEADING HARDWARE MERCHANT
IN NEW WESTMINSTER.
GENERAL HARDWARE, PAINTS AND OILS.
Largest Stock of CROSS-CUT SAWS intheCountr
We keep the finest Stock of BUILDERS' HAR.'
WARE in the province.
SPECIAL ATTENTION IS CALLED TO OUR LARGE Al*
VARIED ASSORTMENT OP
PAINTERS' SUPPLIES
We have on hand a largo stock of Magnetic Oxide Fire-proof Pain
warranted 02 per ct, puro oxide. So high a grade sold by no other house in the cit
ftS-Purlng tho year that we have opened we have materially reduced the prices j
ever.t thin1; in our line, nnd hope by strict attention to business to receive a contl
uance of the public patronage. noldwlr
MACHINE SHOP
Corner Columbia and Begbie Streets.
THE UNDERSIGNED, HAVING ADDED STEAM AND IRON-WORKIN'
Machinery to their Businesa, aro now prepared to do all kinds of
Timiin,'-;, Fitting, Drilling, Machine Work, Forging,
Ami every description of B1ACUSMITIIING, at pricoa considerably lowe
than before.   It is our intention to havo in the course of a few wooks a
BRASS & IRON FOUNDRY
Running in connection with our Business. Wo have the LARGEST STOCK am]
BEST TOOLS of nny Shop of tlio kind in B. C, and omploy nono but the VER-k
BEST OP EXPERIENCED WORKMEN, consequently, wo can guarantee satis
faction in workmanship ns well as prices. Wo have obtained the services of ij
First-Class HorsC-SIlOCl-, ami that part of our Business Will have specia
attention.
REPAIRS of all kinds of Machinery, cither Steam or Agricultural Implements, Wagons, Carriages, Ploughs, Harrows, or anything in this lino, will havi
our best attention. I
Carriage Painting nnd Trimming done at reasonable rates. 1
A largo stock of Wagons, Expresses and Buggies, of the heat quality,
for sale, ,
Wo also keep in Btook, to supply the trade, all kinds of IRON, STEEL, CHAIN,)
COAL, HORSE & OX SHOES, CARRIAGE HARDWARE, SPRINGS, AXLES,
WOOD-WORK, HARD-WOOD PLANK, etc., at Victoria pricoa.
tsr Estimates and tenders givon on all kinds of Ironwork, Call and inspect
our Stook and get our Prices, and you will savo monoy by it,
dwjiyiuto REID  & OUBBIE.
The NEW WESTMINSTER
Foundry and Machine Shop
Front St,, New Westminster, B. C.
BOBUKT •SsUk.'Vtr,
M-A.ITTriE'.A.aXTTSEIIlS   OS*
STEAM ENGINES, SAW MILL, FISH CANNERY,1
AGRICULTURAL & ALL KINDS OF MACHINERY.
Brass and Iron Castings made to Order.
REPAIRING DONE WITH NEATNESS AND DISPATCH.
P. S.—All orders from the upper country promptly attended to.
dwnolmO
Just Opened To-Day
A. B. WINTEMUTE'S,
A BEAUTIFUL LINE OF GOODS, ORDERED EX-
pressly for the Holiday Trade, consisting of Men's French
Calf and Cordovan Bals (hand-made), $4.50 per pair; Wigwam
Slippers, &c, which will be sold away down. Call and be convinced.
SIGN OF THE BTTI-FALO, COLUMBIA STREET.       dwdeSlto
A. JVE--OT X.O*J* OX1
ARCTICS1^8 '*
Gentlemen's,
-AT-
GRANT & MACLURE'S
Boot St Shoe Store.
rhrJo22tc Weekly British Columbian
■Wednesday burning, Jnn. 3, 1880.
LOCAL AND JGENERAL NEWS.
(-From Daily Columbian, Jan. ','..)
Fish was fairly plentiful on the
market to-day.
Another blank sheet at the polico
court this morning.
The str. Irving has gone into winter
quarters on the Coquitlam River and
will remain tied up till the spring trade
begins.
W. 0. Loye and P. Billadenu have
added $10 each to the B. 0. Exposition fund. Keep it movinjr, fellow-
, oitizens.
Sr. A. Montgomerie,   of  Eglinton,
. Scott Goad,  Surrey,  has  opened  a
private school for instruction in higher
branches.   Sou adv.
The annual meeting of the Delta'
Agricultural Society is advertised to
be held at the town hall, Ladner's
Landing, on Monday, January Uth,
at 3 p. m.
The friendly shooting mutch arranged to take plaoe at Brownsville yeaterday did net come off, owing to tho
failure of the Vancouver men to put in
an appearance.
If the weather doea not grow colder
and sufficient freight ia offered tho atr.
Gladys will make a few more trips to
up-river porta. The crew was paid off
on Saturday night.
Over a hundred young people spent
yesterday afternoon on Burnaby Lake.
The ice was in good condition though
the thermometer did not regiater as
low as freezing point.
The next attraction at Herring's
opera house will be the great Irieh
dramatist J. S. Murphy. Ho appears
on the 7th and 8th inst. in "Kerry
Gow" and "Shaun Rhoe."
The public meeting of the Teachers'
Inetitute, whioh will be held to-morrow evening, will be of particular intereat to parents and all who are interested in educational matters. It is
hoped the meeting will be largely attended.
The following were tho Bucceasful
tenderers for gaol auppliea for 1889:
—W. & G. Wolfenden, groceries and
clothing; VanVolkenburg BroB., meat
and vegetablea; Mra. Harvey, bread;
H. Elliott, wood and coal; W. H.
Vianen, fiah.
Thf, Columbian to-day received a
special deapatch from Victoria announcing the death of Thompson, the
gunamith who cut hia throat laat week.
The deceased worked for Mr. S. H.
Webb, of thia oity, for a time, and waa
well known hore.
A Depraved Taale.
Mr. Parpetua Boileau, Ottawa: "I waa
radically cured of piles, from which I
had been suffering for over two montha,
by the use of Thomas' Eclectric Oil, I
used it both internally and externally,
taking it in small doses before meals and
on going to bed. In ono wook I was
cured, and have hod no troublo since. I
believe it saved my lifo."
Indian Potlateb.
The East Coast Indians are holding
high carnival at Somenos. Crowds of
canoes laden with aborigines passed
Nanaimo on Friday en routo to the
scene of the festivities. The Nanaimo
Indians attended in a body, and, previous to starting, bought up every loaf
of bread in one of the bakeries, so ns
to have a plentiful supply of muck-amuck. Rumor does not say who provided the whiBkey.—Colonist.
 , m .	
Smoked Halibut.
Probably thofirat large ahipment of
Britiah Columbia smoked halibut sent
to the foreign market was made to-day
by Captain 0. D. Grant, who caught
and smoked the fiah himself. The
shipment consisted of a little over two
tons and is oonsigned to Capt. Jacobs,
the well-known fiah dealer of Seattle.
The fish are well smoked, well salted,
and, on the whole, aro considered of
superior quality, Cabt. Grant has the
honor of making the initial shipment
in an industry which before many
years will have ataumed gigantio proportions.
 . 4»	
The Eclipse.
The eolipso was spoiled hereby the
clouds, but at the samo timo they
made the use ot smoked slasa unnecessary. At 12:30 a faint glimpse of
the buu waa obtained, showing tho
eolipse had commenced. The sun appeared through the film of cloud at intorvals. At 2:15 it commenced to
grow dark and the cooks began to
orow. The temperature of-the air at
that time was 36°. Tlioro was no sudden fall of the theromomctcr auch as
was noted at the laat uebpse. The
appearance of the aun at the time of
totality was liko the now moon, but in
consequence of the clouds no flames
oould ho observed.
Dr. Urlllln.
Dr. Gusftavua Hamilton Griffin, who
has boen sentenced to servo a torm of
3 years in penitontiary for threatening
the life of Hon. Robert Dunamuir,
arrivod in the city yeaterday in charge
of Deputy Sheriff Langley and Constable Calbick. When ho stopped from
the train to tho platform he looked as
jaunty aB over, boing dressed in faultless broadcloth and wearing a shiny
ailk hat. A boquet adorned hia breast
and the points of hia moustache were
as prettily curled and pointed ua they
ever wero. There was nothing about
his look or manner to indicate tbo convict. He iB now in the penitentiary
and has commenced tbe term of liio imprisonment.
 ,—^ .
Job printing of all kiuda neatly done
at tho Columiiian offico. Prioou will he
found as low aa at any other office in
the province — Ailv,
One of the pretty young chorus girla
who were here with Emma Abbott haa
married a San Francisco Chinaman.
She visited the Chineae theatre and
fell in love with Ah Buck, who waa
one of the actors, Next day ahe proposed and waa accepted by the Chinaman on condition that she should give
him a gold watoh and chain. After
getting these valuables the Celeatial
tried to back out of the match, but
the girl waB importunate and to make
sure of her quarry presented him with
a magnificent diamond engagement
ring. The diamond overcame the
scruples of the Chinaman and he made
no further resistance. The pair have
gone to housekeeping in Chinatown.—
Colonist:
 , . -.	
A UUUllwliackcr Arrested.
On Monday Mr/ Moresby received
a despatch from Chilliwhack aaking
him to arrest a man named Jamea
Gibson, against whom a warrant bad
beeuisaued. Gibson waa eaaily found
and Mr, Moresby placed him under
arrest. An attempt waa made to obtain hia release under a writ of habeas
corpus, but without success, and instructions are awaited from Chilliwhack before furthor steps are taken.
It appears Gibson had a license to sell
wine and beer, but he ia said to have
sold whiskey alao. He was taken before a local magistrate and fined $150
or in default 3 months impriaonment.
He was not placed in confinement and
immediately left for thia oity, and it
was on the supposition that he intended to leave the country that the warrant for his arrest was issued.
Baseball at Kamloops.
Special to the Columbian.
KAMLOors, Jan. 1.—A large and enthusiastic crowd witneaaed the first
baseball game of the seaaon of 1889,
which waa played here to-day, between
the town va. C.P.R. oluba. The game
waa cloaely contested but finally re-
aulted in a victory for the O.P.R. club
by one run. Score, town 10; C.P.R,,
11. The grounds were in splendid
condition and the weather was all that
could be doaired.
Maple nidge Note.,
Accidentally Killed.
Yeaterday morning another fatal accident occurred at Sailor Bar Buff. A
railway laborer, named Peter Rome,
working on a gravel train whieh wat
filling in tbe treatle lately destroyed
by the landslide, while standing on
the pilot attempted to lean forward
and catch the plough cable, but at
that moment the engine started and he
missed his hold and fell under the
wheels, being instantly cruahed to
death. Mr. Coroner Ferris was telegraphed for and went up on the Pacific Express. Immediately on his arrival a jury was sworn in, and, after
hearing nil the evidence, the following
verdict waa returned:—"The jury find
that Peter Rome came to his death by
accident and that it waa through care-
lesaneaa on the part of deceased in
handling the cable while the train waB
in motion."
...
Another Sad Palalltjr.
James McKay, a teamster, well
known in this city, having resided here
for a considerable time, met his death
in Vanoouver on Monday afternoon by
a very shocking accident. While
driving along Hastings street at the
corner of Carrall at. the horaes became
frightened and commenced kicking
and plunging in an alarming manner.
So aa to be better able to keep the
animals in hand McKay jumped from
the wagon, but unfortunately, hia feet
slipped and he fell forward in front of
the wheel which passed over his head
crushing it against a large stone. The
injured man was taken to the hospital
aud medical assistance called, but
without avail, aa he died in a few minutes. The body was brought over
from Vancouvor yesterday for interment, and the funeral took place this
morning from St. Peter's Cathedral,
where Requieum High Mass was sung,
to the Catholic cemetery. A large
number of friends were in attendance.
The deceased was a brother of the late
Thos. McKay who lost his life in suoh
a painful manner at the Arlington Hotei firo about two years ago,
The New Year.
The close of the old year was
watched by many hundred people in
Westminster, and the beginning of the
new waa welcomed In moat joyous
manner by all those who with regret
had heard the midnight stroke of the
clock announce the death of 1888.
Juat aa the clock struck the hour of
12 the ohoira in the various churehea
where tho watch waa observed struck
up joyous anthems, the bells were
rung, guna were fired, and the Salvation army, in full parade, fired volley
after -olley of salvation, grape and
canister. The celebration of the event
lasted about an hour when tho city
once more resumed ita ordinary quiet.
The day yeaterday waB apent very
quietly. A few poopio indulged in
the good old ouatom of paying New
Year's calls, but only a few ; and it is
evident tbe custom is dying out as far
na Westminster is concerned. This is
to be regretted as it shows a laok of
the kindly and cordial feelings wliich
should animate the poople at this season of the year.
Tho ladies of the W. 0. T. U. held
a reception in the afternoon whicli
was attended by a large number of their
frienda. The visitors were nioely
treated and a very handsome lunch
was provided for all who wished to refresh the inner man. In the ovening
a really good programme of aonga,
readings and recitations wns rendered
and was much enjoyed by the largo
audience. The aong by little Gertio
Robson waa a most creditable performance.
The day passed off iu a very ordorly
manner, there being n marked absence
of (U'unkonosa ubserable on the atreots,
and the fact that not an arrest waa
made during the day of ilaolf speaks
volumes for the order observed,
Wednesday evening (Dec. 26th) a
publio meeting waa held in the town
hall for the purpose of discuBsing the
diphtheria quarantine business. Mr.
Hector Ferguson occupied the chair.
Mr. E. W. Beckett explained the
duties performed by hiin as quarantine
officer. The chairman said he had
made arrangements with Dr. Fagan to
look after the sick and also arrangements for proclaiming the district
containing the sick under quarantine.
A diaouaaion arose on what was supposed an extravagant charge made by
the doctor. It waa deoided that the
reeve should consult Dr. Fagan, and
try if poaaible to arrive at a more satisfactory arrangement as regards expenses. It was moved by Mr. Murray
and seconded by Mr. Laity, that the
council be sustained in the action they
havo taken in the matter, and that the
quarantine business he left in their
hands to act as the necessities of the
calamity demand. Carried unanimously.
City Council.
The counoil met on Monday night.
Preaent: Aldermen. Elliott, Shiles,
Calbick, Hoy and Ovens.
On motion Aid. Elliott was voted to
the chair.
The following communications were
read: From the mayor of Vancouver
stating that arrangements had been
made to hold a meeting in the board
of trade rooms, Vancouver, on the 1st
February next, at 8 p. m., for the
purpoaeof forming a fruit growers
aaaociation for the province, and inviting the mayor of WeatmlnBter to
invite a meeting of thoae interested in
fruit growing in this locality and appoint a delegate to attend the Vancouvor meeting. The matter was left
in the hands of the mayor. From Geo.
Merrier, T. J. Trapp, and the build-
lug committee of the St. Andrews
ohuroh, aaking sidewalk gradea. From
H. V. Edmonda, asking permission to
construct a tank ou lot 14, block 24;
and from D. S. Sinclair, aaking per-
miasion to construct a tank on the
reserve above Royal Avenue and lay
pipes to his houses. Permiaaion
granted in both caaea under the supervision of the board of works. Report
from A. G. Smith, lock-up keeper,
containing the following particulars:
Amountof fines, &c, paid into the
eity treasury from March 1st to end
of year, $675.95 ; amount paid Oapt.
Pittendrigh for hearing cases, $R;
amount of fines not paid, $114.65.
The following accounts wore presented : Constable Pearce, trip to
Victoria after Chinaman, $10.50 ; F.
R. Glover, secretary rifle aaaociation,
for $25 ordered by reaolution of council fcr a corporation cup; from lock-np
keeper for prisonera' board, $8.80;
from Wooda, Turner & Gamble, street
gradea, maps, tracings, etc, for the
year, $101,25; from Viotoria corporation for expenae of keeping Chineae
priaoner who waa wantod by Woatminster police, $5.37. Mr. Bole, who
was preaent, explained thn account
sent in for Mr. Davie's fees at last
meeting, and the bill waa ordered paid
on approval of the finance committee,
Referring to the claim of the corporation of Viotoria for keeping the
Chineae prisoner, several aldermen
doubted the reaponaibily of the city,
and it was suggested that if thia were
paid the Victoria council would next
apply for the Ohinaman'a funeral ex-
penaea and tho coat of the inquest 1
The council adjourned at 8.45 until
next Monday night.
Wholesale City Market.
Beef,     per 100 lbs I S 50 ra 6 60
Pork          "           8 00 9 9 00
Mutton       "         .,...„  8 00 @ 8 00
Potatoes     "           50 @     75
Cabbage     "           60<i»loo
Onlona       "          „  lOOQlSO
Wheat       "          150 @ 0 00
Oata           "           1259 160
Peas          "           1509 2 00
Hay,      per ton   12 00 915 00
Butter (rolls) perib  0289 0 85
Cheese,             "   0 149 0 15
Eggs,      perdos  0 359    40
Cordwood (retail) per curd  8 009 4 00
Apples, per box  80 9 115
Hldea(gr'n)por 100 lbs  4 009 6 00
"    (dry)       "  6 00® 9 00
Wool, per lb  6®    10
Holloway's Corn Cure deatroys all
kinda of corna and warts, root and
branoh. Who then would endure them'
with auch a cheap and effectual remedy
within reach t
Wira Baby wh riek, w. »»< her Cutoria,
*fhm aha was a Child, ah. cried for Cutoria,
Whea ah. beam. Hiss, .he clone, to Cutoria,
Whin -^ lud Childnn, .h. gave thnu Cutoria
Muoh distress and sickness in children
la cauacd by worms. Mother Graves'
Worm Exterminator gives relief by removing tho cause. Give it a trial and
be convinced.
Ty WOLF SMITH, H. D.
OFFICE—Olarkaon Street, oppoalte rear
entrance ot Colonial Hotel.
RESIDENCE-Agnes St., oppoalte new
Baptist Ohuroh, Telephone No. 28.
OFFICE HOURS-10 a, m. to 12 noon; 1
to 6; and 8:80 to 8 p. m. wau8tc
pOBBOULD 4 MCCOIA,
BABMSTERS,
soucrroKs, etc.
Offlcea, Maaonlo Buildings, New Westmlnater, and Vanoouver, B. 0.     JySldwto
T.°"
ATKINSON,
BARRISTER, SOLICITOR, Ae.
Omcxs-Masonlo Building,
dwfeioto -        New Weatmlnater, B. O,
rt   W. GRANT,
ARCHITECT!
Oman-Corner Mary and Olarkson Sta,
dwfe25to
3VE3"Vir
T HAVE JOST RECEIVED A LARGE AND WELL ASSORTED STOCK OF
MttOTTiSi   «Sr   BHOE2S
Which I will sell CHEAP FOR CASH.   I have also made a large addition to my
wholesale stook of LEATHER, SHOE FINDINGS, &c.   An inspection of my
Stool      •      ' "	
city,
Stook will satisfy any to-day that I have the best aaaortment to be found in t
CUSTOM WORK promptly attended to.
dwjelyl
-BO-OS8HA-C,
No, 81, Columbia Street.
WILLIAM R. KIRS,
ARCHITECT,
BUILDING 4s LAND SURVEYOR,
SANITARY ENGINEER.
Omm-New Maaonlo Blook,
dwapUte Weatmlnater.
ALBERT J. RILL,
M. OAR. 800.0. E.
CIVIL ENGINEER,
LAND SURVEYOR and
DRAUGHTSMAN-
Omos-New Maaonlo Blook,
-dwmhl-jto New Weatmlnster.
A SHRUB Hill. n. A. St.,
M.Can. Soo.C.E., Assoc. M. Ihst.CE.
CIVIL ENGINEER,
Office of the Coquitlam Water Works Co.
(Limited.)
Masonic Block, Westminster.  wmh28
FOTTa-TP.
ELEVEN TAME DUCKS, PICKED UP
in the Fraser River opposite the Bon
Aceord Cannery. Tho owner can have
tho same by applying to Andrew Wilson,
Halsey Slough, near Maple Ridge, and by
paying for this advertlaement, and other
expenses. dwdelSm
B, C. Provincial Exposition
Subscription Fund.
For tho purpose of raising a fund to
contribute towards the patriotio and
worthy object of making the next annual provincial fair, to be held in thia
city, a grand and unprecedented success,
the undersigned agree to contribute the
sums opposito their respective names (to
be paid into tho association or to trustees competent to receivo the same, on
or before 6 months from tho data of the
lost provincial exhibition, and to be
applied to preparing oxhibition grounds
and buildings in this city, for increasing
the amount offered in prizes, and for furthering the exhibition in other ways):
Thk Colombian  8100 00
Slinrpe & Paine, Lnlu Island  10 00
I, P Eckstein  10 00
G D Brymner..,  10 00
H W Armstrong  10 00
K R Olover  10 00
Walker* Shadwell  10 00
rluuil Hamber.  10 00
PoterGrant  io 00
George Turner...;  10 00
WJ Armstrong  80 00
A, J. Hill  10 00
Capt. A. Grant  10 ot,
J. t). Macdouell  10 00
W. O. Loye  10 00
P. llilludean  10 00
Noxt!
FASHIOM-A -BT.T1
DRESS MAKING
At MISS JENNINGS',
(Late ov England)
Corner of Church and Columbia Streets,
NEW WESTMINSTER.
••-Satisfaction guaranteed,    dwfe7tc
R. J. ARMSTRONG,
DBIA.I.Birt  MT
Choice Family Groceries!
FINEST CREAMERY BUTTER A SPECIALTY.
LaToradox "Herring's,
2s£ae3-texel, Salt Cod.,
■^xnao-ax's TJnc. Haras,
^.xxaQLO-ux's TJnc. Bacon.
FLoiii. Bran. Snoxts,
•a-mOHEST PRICES PAID FOR FARM PRODUCE.
noidwiy Scou liar-Armstrong Block, Columbia St.
QO TO SIN C LAI R'S COLUMBIA ST.
 FOB	
New Raisins, Currants, Mixed Peel, Figs, and
all kinds of Candies and Groceries.
I9TGOOPP IMPOKTED DIRECT, whioh are freah and nico.   Call and exam-
ine and you will be satisfied with quality and price.
Remember the place, Holbrook Building.
dwnolSto
D
C
o
CO
!
li-
» «
b a
ll
I *
f I
B
5
CO
CO
2
E?*3
t/J
dwocOte
C5
a
c
o
CAUTION.
rots
[LL PERSONS nre heroby warned
. gainst negotiating two certain p: _
ssory notes made by William Trethe
wey and Guitav Hauck conjointly on the
17th daj of May last ln favor of Mrs. M.
A. Trethewey of the Mission, Fruser River,
for 8255.00 ami $200.00 respectively. These
notes havo boen satisfied on the 20th of
June lost and have so far been withheld
from me by Mrs. Trethewey under tho
pica that they are mislaid.
GUSTAV HAUCK.
Ladner's Landing, Jan. 1, 1860.  dwja!!m
Private Education!
Melenrologlcnl Beport tor Week Ending
Uec. uoili, lass.
A 1-lrtlHlnr; Sense
Of hualtli aud strength renewed and of
case tinrl comfort follows the use of
Syrup of Figs, as it acts in harmony with
nature to eU'ectually cleanse the system
when costivo or bilious. For sale lu 76o
bottles by all leading druggists.
MAX.   MIN.   I1AIN.
Sundny 3<.o     20.0
Monday 3S.0     20.0
Tuesday  ao     27.0
Wednesday so.O    20.0
Thursday -to.o    28.0
friday 37.0     20,0.
Satnrday ;n.o    20.0
Whito frosls, calm and clour.
A. I'ehi.i:,Capt'n.
.n A H H) E t>.
UOYKS-MimPHY.-At lhc vosidehoo of
tho bride's father, oil tho Mill Dec, by
tho ltev. A. 'lull, I'h. 11., Mr. Frauds
Boycs to Surah, eldest- daughter of Mr.
Archibald Murphy, Clover Valley.
4 MONTGOMERIE, LL. D„ of Olas-
, gow Udlvorstty (Scotland), late
nelpal of the Glasgow Ladles College,
having recently settled near New Westminster, will bo glnd to receive two boarders to he educated along with his own
family. Comfortable homo and flrst-cluss
education, Including music and modern
languages If required. Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, book-keeping, Ac., buiglit
by correspondence. Satfsfactlon guaranteed. Address, Eglinton, Now Westminster, B. C. Wja2l2
TO SMOKERS.
IF YOU WANT TO ENJOY A GOOD
CIGAE, ASK FOR.THE
BRITISH LION
HENRY LEE,
out, .MAINLAND.
atSTThey aro not only made of the
Choicest Tobacco Imt they are of
Home Manufacture- and should bo
patronized by all good citizens.
WM. TIETJEN, Manufacturer,
HOLDltOOlt lllllLMSG,
COLUMBIA STREET,        NEW WESTMINSTER.
dwlYnoly
MEDIGAL HAIaU
Columbia Street, New 'Westminster, B. C.
PLUSH
and OTHERS
^HOLIDAY
GOODS
0-u.r Ue-w Stools is STeyw la.
The Selection excels our last Season's Show.
Prices Range from 60 Cts. to $16.50.
D.S. CURTIS &COT-  DRUGGISTS.
BON MARCHE.
JUST -EtXiaJBX-V-fB-D,
A Spial Line of Winter Dress Ms
ao  CBNTS.
—AND—
A large Qnantity of Extra Quality Yarn
SO  CEWTS PEE   LB.
WALKER & SHADWELL,
NEW WESTMINSTER, B.C.
COMMERCIAL PRINTING.
Thk Columbian Printing Establishment lias first-class facilities for
all kinds of Commercial Printing. Bill Heads. Letter Heads, Circulars,
Cards, Envelopes, Blank Forms of every description, Posters, Dodgers,
Price Lists, &c. Prices will be found as low as at any other oflice -where
first-class work is done. Weekly British Columbian
Wednesday Morning, Jnn.
Following is the full substance of
the decision of the judges of the
supreme court at Ottawa, in the
case of the province of Manitoba
versus the 0. P. R.: "The question
is referred to us by the railway
committee of the privy council as to
whether the provincial government
of Manitoba has the right to enact
legislation authorizing the Bed
Biver Valley railway to cross the
Peinbia branch of the Canadian
Pacific road and Manitoba and
southwestern branches of the Canadian Pacific. In answer to said
question this court, having heard
the oounsel of both sides, is unanimously of the opinion that said
statute of Manitoba is valid and
effectual so far as it confers the
•uthority on the railway commis-
sioner in said statute of Manitoba
mentioned to construct a railway as
the Portage extension of the Bed
Biver Valley railway, crossing the
Canadian Pacific railway, committee of the privy council first approving of the mode and place of
crossing, and first giving their directions as to the matters in sections
174,175 and 176 of the railway
aot." This decision has caused
great rejoicing in Manitoba, where
it is considered as a distinct triumph over the wiles and oppression
of the C, P. B. All tho provinces,
and the Dominion as a whole, have
reason to be satisfied that so just a
judgment—in law and in equity—
was arrived at. The various provinces were severally interested in
the issue, and the Dominion, which
recently bought in the 0. P. 11.'s
disallowance fianchise at such a.
round figure, could ill afford to have
been placed at the mercy of that
corporation to do so a socond time—
which would have been the practical
result of the decision going in favor
of the great railway company. An
interesting feature about this case
was that the most eminent counsel
in the Dominion were engaged in it.
The redoubtable Edward Blake, for
the 0. P. B. (much against his
grain, no doubt; but lawyers have
to consider their retainers and not
their sentiments) was pitted against
the little giant, Oliver Mowat, premier and attorney-general of Ontario
—famous for his successful championship of provincial rights—for
Manitoba, Other counsel of note
were employed on either side, but
these were the leading figures, and
Premier Mowat has certainly added
to his laurels, and in a good cause,
too,—all of which will not be much
satisfaction to the great Edward, if
ids pocket-book has been well lined
by the 0. P. R. It is said that the
obdurate railway magnates have not
jet had enough of law on the matter, but are determined to geta "perpetual injunction" against the Manitoba road, by hook or by crook.
They will hardly succeed, for the
province must have its natural
rights in any event. The 0. P. E.
will not rise in the popular estimation by pushing this business any
farther.	
The development of socialistic
ideas in Germany, says an exchange,
bas induced the state to enter into
competition with professional agitators. Within a few years legislation
bas attempted much to ameliorate
the condition of the working classes,
In 1883 the reichstag passed a law
providing for the support of workingmen for a certain period from a
fund raised by employers and employees. Contribution to this fund
is compulsory upon workmen employed in masses, and those working independently have the option
of joining the relief societies. In
1884 an act was passed providing
insurance against accidents and extending to every industry which
involves any risk to workmen. A
still more comprehensive net has
been prepared by the government,
but has not yet passed the reichstag.
It proposes relief for all workingmen
when disabled by age or other causes
not covered by the preceding acts.
Every person ooming within its
provisions on attaining his seventieth year will be entitled to give up
work and reeeive a yearly pension of
$30 for the rest of his life. The
government, the employers and the
workingmen, each bear one-third of
the burden thus imposed. Even
this proposed legislation does not
set the limit to which the government may go. In his recent address
at the opening of the reichstag the
emperor announced his intention of
carrying out his grandfather's idoas
regarding social legislation. Without hoping to abolish poverty by
law, he considered it the duty of the
government to alleviate it as much
as possible, and "by organic institutions to bring about a recognition of
the truth that the manifestation of
love for one's neighbor is tho duty
of the state as a public community."
This seems to indicate the intention
of the government to meet socialistic agitation by stato socialism nt
all points.   The enormous disparity
—ki.l. „„:„.„   „!,!„ l.i.    Ki/ln.    in    t|i(;
conditions of the very rich and the
very poor in the great cities of the
world—in London, Eng., for instance, and even in many cities in
the United States—would seem to
oall, and loudly, too, for some recognition by other governments beside
the German, their duty to attempt
to alleviate poverty as for as possible, instead of adding to its burdens,
as is too often done by legislation
having in view the advantage,
rather, of the wealthier classes. A
hint, at least, may be taken from
Germany's good intentions in this
matter.
In answer to the question, What
makes one town grow into a city
while others with good localities remain villages? an exchange says:
"It is because in the one case there
are men of push and energy who
are not afraid to spend their time
and money to boom their town.
They erect substantial buildings,
organize stock companies and establish factories and secure railroads,
work for public improvements and
use every means in their power to
induce people to locate in their city;
they send newspapers and circulars
to every acquaintance whom they
think can be induced to visit their
place; then the attractions are
shown to him, and he is treated
with so much kindness that he fills
in love with the city at once. A
town only succeeds when it begins
to work for itself." Just so, and
this is wlmt we are trying to hammer into Hie citizens of this "little
burgh'' right along. Too much
emphasis cannot be put upon this
maxim, that "a town only succeeds
when it begins to work for itself."
We would ask our Westminster
readers to peruse the above quotation all over again, and then to repeat the process till they get it by
heart. The quotation in question is
an American recipe for making a
village grow into a city, and, that
our cousins are adepts at this
sort of business, and well qualified
to describe the means by which it is
accomplished, no one will question.
Look . t their cities on this coast,
for instanco, and in this connection
it will not be necessary to cite
others besides Tacoma and Seattle,
both of which have a population of
between fifteen and twenty thousand, and rapidly growing, and a few
years ago neither of these cities
were larger than Westminster.
Seriously, wo are mere tyros—moss-
backs—at city building. We make
a little splurge occassionally, and
then, thinking that we have "cut a
hog in two," to use a vulgarism, rest
on our oars and take a snooze. A
uniformly wide-awake spirit, pervading every citizen, that despises no
opportunity, however small, that
will tend to advancement, and even
makes present sacrifices occasionaly
for future advantage, and that will
be turned aside by no obstacle, is
the only guarantee for steady and
rapid progress und the successful
evolution of a city from a village.
We hope that our citizens will
recognize these facts, and make
them the basis for their general
policy throughout the coming year,
and give their earnest cooperation
and support to all reasonable measures that may be introduced by our
new council or suggested by the most
wide-awake and enterprising of our
citizens. We cannot expect to
progress satisfactorily as a city,
though, if only a fraction of the
citizens arc intelligently doing
their best to that end, and dragging
the remainder liko a dead weight at
their heels. If the royal city is ever
to attain to that glorious destiny
for which nature has so eminently
fitted her, it will only be brought
about by every citizen taking his,
or her, part. (Yes, we want the
ladies, too; onco arouse the ladies to
a patriotic interest in the progress
and welfare of this beautiful city—
in embryo—and, who shall answer
for the results 1 In this connection,
it will not be out of place to remind
the ladies that they have votes in
the forthcoming municipal election,
if their names were on the voters'
list used at the last election.
Hereafter, every lady, married or
single, who possesses in her own
name, or has a joint ownership in,
property to the value of $100, and
will acknowledge to being "of the
full age of twenty-one years' and
take tho trouble to register, will
have a vote. So, it will be seen
that the ladies have an actual voice
in the future of the city, as well as
their undisputed moral influence, if
they choose to exert it.) Westminster finds herself in a friendly
but keen rivalry, with go-ahead
cities on both sides of the line, and
"eternal vigilance" and an unremitting turning to account of all opportunities, great and small, on the
part of individual citizens as well as
of our representative bodies, must be
the price of an honorable advancement among our sister cities. Let
all short-sighted selfishness, then,
and all trivial differences, be laid
aside, and everyone co-operate
heartily and intelligently toward a
common, and, if we choose, a glorious destiny.
LOCAL AND CENERAL NEWS.
IFrom Daily Columbian, Dec. 27.)
The late frosta have improved the
condition of the Vancouvei road.
Moat of the small craft on the river
have been laid up for the winter, although the siuns of winter are aa much
wanting aa thoy were two montha ago.
The Canadian Pacifio Bailway Com-
pany'a earnings for the week ending
December Ilth were $271,000. During the eame week laat year they were
$264,000.
The people of Chilliwhaok are re,
ported to be thoroughly enjoying the
holiday season and many pleasant
gatherings have been taking place since
Christmas day.
During Tuesday night a band of
cattle escaped from the 0, P, 17, corral
and made off in the direction of Pitt
Biver. Some little difficulty waa observed iu getting them back to tho
corral again,
Mr. Sheriff Armstrong received official notice yesterday, from the secretary of state at Ottawa, that the law
must take ita course in the caae of W,
H. Jones, sentenced to death for the
murder of Frank Durant.
Target practice was held in the penitentiary grounds yeaterday, and a prize
—a ailver cup—given by Mr. McBride,
the warden, was non by Allan McLean, who made the fine score of 28
pninta out of a possible 30.
The Dominion Illustrated of December 22—the ChrstmaB number-
contains as a trontispiece a beautiful
representation of Carl Muller's picture,
"Elizabeth and Mary." Many other
handsome illustrations adorn its pages,
and the reading matter iB choice, aa
uaual.
Another email landslide has occurcd
ou Front Btreet nnd the chain-gang
is omployed in removing the debris
and repairing tho atreet. The chain-
gang provea of very great value to the
city in assisting to make many necessary improvements. It also saves the
city considerable money.
The police court docket was bare of
cases this morning. In a whole week,
with Christmas in the middle of it,
there has only been one caae on the
police hooks, which fact speaks volumes
for the temperate and law-loving habits
of the people of Westminster. No
other city on the Pacific coaat can ahow
such a record.
One of the deck hands on the str.
Starr came down with the small pox
last week. Ho was taken to the pest-
house in Seattle, and the vessel was
fumigated and the rest of the men
aboard the steamer vaccinated, Whatcom people cannot to carefully guard
against the disease. Vaccination
should bo resorted to.—Democrat.
The remains of the late Dr, J. L.
Hall, Victoria, accompanied by his
brothe, Dr. Hall, of New Westmin-
ate., and Dr. Hall, Victoria, were
brought over on the Louise, Tueaday,
and were taken east on the Atlantic
Express, for Blenheim, Ont., his for-
er home. Dr. F. W. Hall, of Victoria
(not Dr. Hall, of Westminster, as stated in the News-Advertiser), will accompany tho remains through.
The Alanknn llonndnry.
The definition of tho boundary line
between Alaska and British Columbia
will remove a possible source of complication between Canada and the
United States. Tho commissioners of
the latter country will commence their
investigation as to the location of the
141st degree ot longitude, the meridian dividing tho two countries, in May
next, and it is hoped that the surveys
of both the Canadian and United
Statea commissioners will be completed
before 1890. The sooner the boundary
is accurately determined the better it
will be in the interests of international
amity.— Mail.
 .  m   .	
The City's Friends.
Although the committee, appointed
to canvas for signatures to the bond
for the Southern Bailway Company,
have uot been able to spare much
time to the task so far, yet they have
succeeded in obtaining 210 names of
ratepayers to the list, which is probably more than half of the number of
property owners on the voters' Hat.
Very few indeed have refused to subscribe their names—not more than a
dozen at most and they were never ex-
pectod to sign. After the busy holiday
season ia over au act ivo canvas for
names will be commenced, and it is
very probablo almost evory ratepayer'a
name will be secured. The majority
of the bond signers appear to be enthusiastic in the niatter and arc only
too glad to substantially declare once
again in favor of tho Southern Bailway
Oompany nud ita promoters.
Afler Tv* enty-tlve Years.
Dr. Stevenson, of Vancouver, ono of
the early pioneers of British Columbia,
gave The Colombian a call to-day.
The doctor came to British Columbia
in 1802 by the overland route, by St.
Paul, Fort Gatry and thence across
the broad prairies to the Rookies;
thence through Leather Pass to Cariboo. After staying in Cariboo n few
montha Dr. Stevenson came to Westminster and practiced hero till spring.
He then went to Viotoria and thence
down the coast and finally reached the
Sandwich Islands. In 1883 ho returned to Victoria and haa ainco settled
permanently in Vancouver. This was
Dr. Stevenson's first visit to Westminster in 25 years nnd he failed to recognize it aa his old-time home. He appeared to be pleased with the substantial progross the city hns made, and
was delighted to find that many of hia
early acquaintances wero atill above
the sod and aa hale and hearty in manner as in tho good old days in tho early
'60s.
Boom Towns Quarrelling.
We never go down toward Whatcom
without hearing some ridiculoua yarn
about the country north of the Nooksack. The'last oue is that somewhere
in the northwest part of the country
there is a tract of barren land where
white beans cannot get a foothold, and
only ostriches and dromedaries, which
havo learned to eat rocks and sand,
oan aubaiat. No one but a Whatcom
boomer would ever have discovered
suoh a piece of land, and mon of tbat
class would hare a hard time to locate
it, but they must do something to prevent people from coming towards this
part of the country, and economy in
truth serves their purposo better than
anything else, so they follow that plan.
Well, Blaine ie young and strong, and
can survive all such libels with its four
yeara of growth fully aa well oa can ita
thirty yeara' old neighbor, and
it doea not deaire to grow at the coat
of libeling its neighbors.—Blaine, W.
T. Journal.
...
Particulars or the Dorchester rirc.
Mr. C. N. Derrah, who has lately
removed from the Dorchester penitentiary, New Brunswick, to take a position aa ono of the trade instructors in
the provincial institution ut thia city,
has just received a letter giving particulars of tho recent fire at the Dorchester penitentiary, a notice of which
was contained in our Canadian news
some weeks ago. The lire is supposed
to have originated from the deputy-
warden's smoking pipe, which he laid
away without extinguishing when he
went to bed. A servant-girl gave the
alarm in the night, and then jumped
from a two-story window, injuring herself so severely that she is not expected to recover, although she has lingered on ever since the fire. Mr. Geo.
Keefe, the deputy-warden, and his
wife, were found, after the fire had
been extinguished, lying in the hall
juat outside their chamber door, insensible, suffocated, it waa ascertained,
by the smoke. They never recovered
consciousness. Keefe had been an
officer in the penitentiary for 20 years,
and deputy-warden for about a year. It
would appear that the facilities for
communicating an alarm between the
different wings of the Dorchester penitentiary are not nearly equal to those
of our provincial institution. The
Dorchester penitentiary is for the use
of all the maritime provinces, and is
an immense institution. The fire iu
question was confined to the interior
of one room and the adjoining hall.
 . . .
A Thief Suicides.
The robbery of D. Dryadale & Co.'a
atore a couple of months ago will be
remembered by our readers. Although
the police made diligent efforts to ferret out the thieves they were unsuccessful and the hunt was finally given
up aa hopeleas. A few daya ago a
Chinaman waa arrested in Victoria
while trying to Bell a couple of webs
of cloth. To the police he stated he
had purchased the atuff at a aecond
hand atore in Vancouver and hud paid
50 els. a yard for one piece and $3,25
per yard for tho other. This story did
not satisfy the authorities and Ling
Sam waa held on suspicion of having
stolon the goods. Chief of Police
Sheppard wrote to Chief Stewart, of
Vancouver, and to Mr. Moresby, governor of the provincial gaol, stating
the facts concerning the arrest, and
enclosing samples of the cloth found
in the possession of the Chinaman.
Chief Stewart could make nothing out
of it as no merchant in Vancouver had
missed cloth similar to that seized.
Mr. Moresby, however, at once suspected that the goods were part of
those stolen from D. Drysdalo & Co.,
and on further investigation his suspicions proved correct. Constable
Pearce went down to Victoria to identify Ling Sam and bring him back co
Westminster for examination and
would have had hiin over to-day but
for the Chinaman ending his troubles
and saving a term of imprisonment by
committing auicide in the Victoria gaol
laat night Mr. Moresby feels that
there is no doubt as to Ling Sam's
guilt, uud he thinks it wus the fear of
heavy punishment that induced him
to tako his life. It ia supposed the
thieves who committed the robbery
haye kept the goods in hiding till now
and will sell them off piecemeal as opportunity occurs. A sharp lookout
will be kept for Chinese poddlara and
and there ia a great probabilty that a
few moae will be brought to acoount
for their misdeeds.
The Coming Illy.
Speaking of railroad construction in
Washington Territory nnd British Columbia, the Okjoiimhi, of Portland,
says:—The cities of Seattle, Vancouver and New Westminster have preaent
advantages in eastern transcontinental
connections, and while ho serious rivalry can arise between the cities on
the Sound, since tho distance compares
with that between New York, Phila
delphia and Baltimore, a city of no
mean pretensions is certain to be developed in the near future.
The Fraser river, upon the north
bank of which New Westminster is
situated, about twenty-five miles from
its mouth, ia a stream having a depth
of twenty-five feet of water on its bar
at low tide and navigable a hundred
miles to Yalo. Its width varies from
one-third of a mile to one and one-
fourth milea. Ita valley ia very wide,
rich iu agricultural resourcea nnd already extensively settled. That city
has now a population of 8000, and ia
substantially built in the English
fashion. Ita trade by steamers and
rail already bears a favorable proportion to Vancouver, Ub sister city and
twin terminus of the Canadian Paoific
railroad; as well aB to Seattle. Extensive mills nre already built, both at
Children Cry fcr
■*»*"»™t,-**-"--«--™«
New Westminster and Bellingham
Bay, and aeveral larger ones are in
contemplation at the former place by
men having plenty of capital.
The B. B. B. & N. Co.'s railway
and its continuation will complete a
continuous line of railroad along tho
Pacifio coast from British Columbia to
the city of Mexico, a distance of 3605
milea.
Twenty-five milea of the right of
way from New Westminster south
have already been cleared out this fall
100 feet wide, and from Whatcom
north to meet that, contracts are boing
let thia week. On the northerly Bide
of the boundary the grading and tieing
have been let to be completed by
July 1, 1889, and work haa been
actively commenced, and so soon aa
aomo engineering queations are aettled
the remainder of the line between
New Westminster and Bellingham bay
will be put under contract. That
aectiou will be in running order by
September 1,1889. The next aection
will likely be north from Seattle,
though the development of the coal
and iron minea on the Skagit demand
attention. Seattlo and New Westminster may congratulate themselves
on their assured connection.
Late Canadian News,
The exports nf Canadian live stock to
Europe show a large increase over last
year.
Capital sentence on Preeper, the
Nova Scotia murderer, has been commuted to penal servitude for life.
Crossely and Hunter, evangelists,
went eaat to Toronto Tuesday night
from Winnipeg. There was a big
crowd at the station to bid them farewell,
A delegation of the Toronto board
of trade waited on Sir John and invited him tn attend the annual dinner
on January fourth. The premier consented.
Christinas was observed at Ottawa
in the usual way. There waa no sleighing. Bain fell during the greater part
of ihe day. There was no publication
of city papers.
The customs department has received
samples of beet sugar made at the new
factory of Berthier, Quebec Sixteen
hundred farmers cultivates the product
this summer.
In the curling bonspeil between the
Granite and Thistle curling clubs of
Winnipeg on Christmas day, the
former won by 46 points. Nine rinks
of each club played.
Christmas day was spent at Winnipeg in the usual manner. Tobogganing wns the chief sport of the afternoon. Two accidents occurred, but in
neither case aerioua.
The civil service clerks are .up in
arms againat John Haggart, postmaster-
general, who has this year prevented
them from franking large Christmas
boxes to their friends. Many were
returned from the postoffiee for postage. In one case a clerk sent 60 lbs.
of barley seed.
Mr. Adolph St. Louis, of Poit
Arthur, who was aboard a O.P.B. eaat
bound train yesterday afternoon met
with a serious accident in jumping from
the cars, his left shoulder being dislocated and in falling ho had hia left leg
so badly hurt that it had to be amputated about three inches above the
ankle.
Hon. John Bobson has, saya the
Mail, made a very favorable impression
at Ottawa, He ia very roticont regarding his mission, but the impression
in ministerial circles nppears to bo that
he has been eminently successful, and
that British Oolumbia should be highly
satisfied as tn the result of hia visit to
the federal capital. Several matters
of great importance to this province
have been discussed, and it is understood that aome of them have beon
put on a practical basis, giving promise
of an early fruition.
At the recention of Principal Grant
on Saturday the esteemed ohief of
Queen's college in hia speech snid that
when in Australia he had been asked
about the relations and purchnso of
Canada by the United Statos. He
said Canada was all right. She was
quite capable of taking care of herself.
Sho was desirous of living nt peace
with her neighbors, but she would not
be bullied into any position of whioh.
she was not desirous. Of Canada he
had always felt proud, but never so
proud sb when he sniffed the puro air
of Vancouver. Ho waa prouder atill
when ho stepped aboard the Pullman
car. The Canadian Pacific is the beat
equipped road on the globe. Kingaton
people he had met far from home, and
lie was greeted by one as ho stepped
from the Pacific steamship on Canadian
soil. He met them st many puints between Vanoouver and Kingston.
Preferred Death to Imprisonment.
The Chinaman, Lang Ah Sam, who
was yeaterday morning charged iu the
police court with having stolen cloth
found in his posaeaaion, nnd who waa
delivered over to the Westminster
police to be taken to tho B«yal City for
trial this morning, defeated the law by
suiciding in his cell yeaterday afternoon. The auooessful attempt at self-
destruction was most determined and
deliberate, the Chinaman having removed his waist sash, and fastening it
to one of the bunk standards, hanged
himself by it, hia feet touching the
ground. He had evidently curled up
his legs and deliberately choked himself
to death. There being a raving lunatic
in the opposite cell, any noise he may
havo made would have been unheard.
The suioido was laat seen at four o'elook
and was found dead by tho officer in
charge when he brought aupper to the
cell at half-past five o'olock. Dr. Milne,
who was in the station at the time,
made nn immediate examination, but
the spark of lifo had fled. An inquest
will be held in the polico offioo this
morning at 11 o'clock.—CWoms".
Pitcher's Castoria.
Absolutely Pure.
Thla powder never varies. A marvel of
purity, strength and wholeaomenesa. More
economical than the ordinary kinds, and
cannot be aold In competition with the
multitude of low teat, short weight alum
or phosphate powders. Sold only ln cans,
Royat, Sarins Powder Co., 106 Wall St.,
New York. Jfely
i   -^
Wis*
lip tlm *
mm    x^
Samuel Mellaril,
NOTARY  PUBLIC.
Books, Stationery, Medicines,
Brushes,   Cutlery,   Fancy
Goods.   Locks,    Bolts,
Hinges, Screws,
Everything, Anything, AU Thinga ln
General   Hardware!
Sellable Goods nt lowest Prices.
B3* Advertlaements and Subscriptions
received for Tub British Columiiian.
wjeMlrC	
Bank of Montreal.
ESTABLISHED 1818.
CAFITAI (all paid up),
BEST,
$1-2,000,000
0,000,000
Head Office, ■ Montreal.
SIR D. A. SMITH, K. C. M. Q.-Prosldont.
a. A. DRUMMOND, ESQ.-Vlco-Prosldent
W. J. BUCHANAN-Genernl Manager.
AVE    BRANCHES    IN    LONDON,
__ Eng.; New York, Chicago, and in all
lie principal oities and towns ln Canada,
Interest allowed on special deposits.
C.  SWEENY,
Manager, Vancouvor.
GEO. D. BRYMNER,
Suh-Aoeht, New Westminster.
wjel3m3 	
OVERCOATS
Worsted and Tweed
SUITINGS
1.1 Min
Opp. Oolonial Hotel
Columbia St.,   -   New Westminster,
W. R. AUSTIN,
DEALER IN
General Merchandise!
NEW WES1HIXSTER, B. 0.
Hay and Feed
m^LXtxcxi-x*.
WOOD~& COAL
(THE BEST QUALITY).
Dry Ooods, Boots A Shoes,
Provisions A Groceries.
FARMERS'    HARDWARE,
jwrAswonso no whisky or tobacco we
can, by temt'orate habits and careful eco-
nomy, serve tho publio at especially low
rates, dwjaiatc ■M
mt
Weekly British Columbian
Wedneiday naming, Jaa. >, UM.
LOCAL AND UAL NEWS.
(JrVom Daily Columbian, Dec. 28.)
The bright and glorious spring-like
weather atill continuea to bless ua.
Mr. Samuel Mellard, we are informed, haB been appointed poatmaater of
Chilliwhack.
A good stiff frost last night formed
ice on the ponds but to dsy'B warm
sun spoiled it fnr akating.
Do not fall to read an article in the
leading columns to-day giving a few
pointers on how to make a city out of
a village or town.
Mr. J S. Macdonell has added
another $10 to the Exhibition Fund.
Who will be the next enterprising citizen to come forward?
The bark Viola waB cleared from
Viotoria for Liverpool on Wedneaday.
She carries 21,890 caaea of salmon and
600 barrels of fish oil.
The dog and poultry show opened
at Viotoria yesterday. A large number of entries have been made and
the ahow is bound to be a success.
Victoria apont over 5000,000 in new
buildings and improvements this year.
Out of this aum ((160,000 was spent
by Mr. Dunsmuir on hia new residence.
A divorce was applied for at Seattle
on Monday by James McCormick
from his wife Annie McCormick, for
deserting him. They were married at
Halifax, Novia Scotia, last June.
Wanted—Five $100, ten $50, Bve
hundred $10, five hundred $5, and
a thousand $2.50 subscribers to the
provincial exposition fund. How
much will that be" Perhaps the
-'small boy" can answer. Everybody
oan subscribe to this fund.
The News-Adtxriiser of this morning says the Westminster foot-ball
olub will play tho Nanaimo club at tho
latter oity on Sunday afternoon. There
is not a word of truth in tho item referred to, and surely the News was
fully aware that a match game of any
kind would not be allowed to take
place on Sunday in any city in British
Columbia. Tho Westminster club has
plenty of time during the week to
play its matches, and docs not require
to oncronch on tho Sabbath.
Broken Sown.—"After suffering with
dyspepsia, kidney disease, loss of appetite and pain in the head until discouraged, I heard of B. B. B,, took two bottles and am happy to say I feel aa well
as over."   Mra.  Euftta E. Merry, New
Albany, N. S.
Anlbncltc Conl.
The anthracite mines at Banff will
commence work at once. Mr. J. L.
Mudge, the agent, who haa juat returned from San Francisco statea that fully
two-thirda of the output will be ehipped
down the coast. The capital stook of
the company owning the mine haa increased from $250,000 to $500,000,
and it is intended to make the output
1000 tons per day.—"Times.
m
Death or Mr Stewart.
The despatchea announce the death
vt Ottawa, on Wednetday afternoon,
of Mr. John Cunningham Stewart,
financial comptroller of the postoflico
department. Mr. Stewart haa beon iu
the Canadian poatal aervice for many
yeara, and until lately was auperin-
tendent of the money order and savings
b.nk branches, having been appointed
financial comptroller only last February. By his doath the public service
has lost, a moat efficient and painstaking officer.
 .   m   *	
The Shower of Angleworms.
A communication in laat evening'a
issue of the Vancouver World questions
the truth of a shower of angleworms ut
Westminster a few weeks ago. Tho
writer claims to havo studied the habits
of angleworms aud feels certain no such
occurence, as related, happened. For
'information of the World's correspondent it might be aaid that theae worms
have been found on umbrellas by
persons who were out during the
shower, and that Captain Peele haa
frequently found them in his rain
guage after a storm.
 »■ ♦ .—	
Vancouver Island lighthouses,
It is probable that parliament noxt
session will be aaked to vote un additional appropriation for the propoaed
tolegraphio ayetem to Bonilla Point,
Vancouver hland, whore a signal ata-
tion and lighthouse are to be erected,
so that tho line may be extended to
Capo Bcnle, the cxtrotno south-west
point of Vancouver Island, and which
is 30 milea frnm Bonilla. It is in the
vicinity of Cape Bealo that most of the
wrecks on that dangerous coast tako
place, and it is therefore a most central position for furnishing speedy relief. A lighthouse and signal station
will bc erected at both places.
.   m   .	
Mr. Ogilvie.
Tho many paragrahs in the newspapers relative to the whereabouts of
Mr. Ogilvie, the government aurveyor
who went out to tho Yukon in the
spring of 1887 with Dr. Dawson, and
who since that timo has been exploring in the Mackenzie river district,
have led to a good deal of apprehension for his safety on the part of his
friends. At the department of the interior, however, no such apprehension
is felt, It is understood that Mr. Ogilvie is now at ono of tho Hudson Bay
posts in tho Athabasca district, and
that ho and his party aro simply waiting for the first fall of snow beforo
coming south on snowahoca, now that
tho rivers are icebound.
To be Overhauled.
Children Cryfor
The atenmer Yoaemite left for Vu>
toria thia morning and on arrival there
will be docked and completely overhauled. It is the intention'of the
owners to make a number of important
changes on her, ono of which will be
the transformation of the ladiea' cabin,
on the main deck, into the dining saloon. The new ladiea' cabin will be
up-ataira. The extensive changes on
the Yosemite will ocoupy some months
in completing and when ahe ia ready
for work again ahe will be as well fitted
up as any vessel on the coaat. It ia
probable the S. S. Islander will be
used an excursion steamer next sum'
mer and will make trips up the coast
to Alaska. . If so, the Yoaemite will
replace her on the Victoria-Vancouver
route for a few montha. The C.P.N.
Co. deservea much credit for the determined efforts it is making to keep
the steamers of the line second to none
on the coast.
 m
nock Creek Mines,
Mr. James Tallyard arrived from
the Bock Creek minus yesterday and
reporta work as very brisk at that
bustling camp. In Douglas cross-cut
ledge, a good body of ore has been
found; and the tunnel is being driven
rapidly forward, a depth of over one
hundred feet having now been reached.
All the ore aa yet taken out at the
camps looks well, and a shipment is
now on the road to Salt Lake for teat.
Another shipment from the Carbonate
is also coming down for Mr. Tate, of
this city. The Alice and the Emma
claims have been surveyed and the
main Cariboo ledge traced into the
Emma olaim as well as into the Okana-
gon claim. The new claim ou the
Okanagon is looking better than ever
and the claims will be worked all win
ter. Many American miners from the
Cajur d'Alene and Salmon river are
coming in, and about fifty miners in
all are now making the camp their
home.—Colonist
Tho Cloth Ideniined.
Constable Pearce returned from Victoria yesterday and brought the two
webs of cloth with him which wero
seized from the Chinaman Ling Sam.
The gooda were taken to D. Drysdale
& Co. and proved, on comparing the
private marks, to be some of the cloth
stolen from that firm two months ago.
Ling Sam probably suspected that the
goods would be identified and choso
death to the term of imprisonment
which was sure to follow. Some weeks
ago Constable Pearce, having traced
the thieves as far aa Vancouver,
wrote to the Victoria police asking
them to watch the Chinese pawn shops
for certain webs of cloth which were
likely to turn up there, snd the seizure
of these goods was the outcome of his
instructions, lt is tn be hoped that
this instance, as .well ns others, in
whioh our wily Police Officer Pearce
has proved himsolf "too many" for
his man, will, in the future, have a
deterrent effect on the heathen Chinee
when ho may feel in a mood for perpetrating those vain tricks for which
he is peculiar.
Attempted Suicide.
About 8 o'clock this morning T,
Thompson, gunmaker, of Johnson St.,
attempted suicide at his residence on
Albert at., off Cook. Tbe circumstances of the caae were about aa fol
lows. Mrs. Thompson had prepared
breakfast and had called her huaband
twice, receiving an answer that he
would "be there in a minute." As he
failed to come, she went into the bed
room and waB horrified to discover him
sitting on a chair, razor in hand, with
an enormous gash cut in his throat.
The poor woman was almost paralyzed
by the sight, but recovering her presence of mind she summoned the aid of
a neighbor, and Dr. Milne was sent for.
Tho doctor on arriving found the unfortunate man in an almost exhausted
condition from Iobs of blood, and wilh
a gash across his throat aix inchea in
length, the windpipe being completely
soyered. The wound was dressed and
it is possible with good treatment, and
providing nothing should occur to interfere with the healing process,
Thompson may recover. A demented
mental condition, caused by business
troubles, ia aaid to be the oauae of the
raahdeed. During laat summer he
waB in Alaska, and at one time was
lost for 17 days, during which timo
himself and his companions lived on
fiah. When found Thompson waa in a
half demented condition, and he has
probably never recovered from the effects of the exposure at that time.—
Times, 27th.
■ . • .       ——
Installation or Oflicer..
The festival of St. John the Evangelist, was celebrated by the Maaonio
fraternity of New Westminster in the
usual manner. The installation of officers elected for the ensuing year in
Mount Hermon Lodge No. 0, A. F. &
A. M.j was conducted by R. W. Bro.
J. S. Clute, D.O.M., assisted by the
grand lodge officers. R. W. Bro. I.
Oppenheimer, D.D.G.M., W. Bro. C.
R. T. Garriooh, master of Mount Hermon Lodgo, No. 7, Vnncouver, and
other visitors were present. The installations were most impressively performed nnd afforded much pleasure
and instruction to the brethren
assembled. The following nre the
gentlemen elected to . rulo the
lodge during the coming year-
John Buie, W.M.; A. Ohnrleaon, S. W.;
R. J. Rickmnn, J.W.; B.Douglas,
Treaa.; W. 0. Coatham, Sec. j Rev. C.
Croucher, Chap.; M. McOaskill, S.D.;
Dr. DeWolf Smith, J.D.; Jas. Wilson,
I.G.; Jas, Rankin and L.Riskie, Stewards; W. Howay, Tyler. After business had boen disposed of the brethren
adjourned from labor to refreshment,
and a most sociable and enjoyable hour
waa spent iu discussing a tempting
little supper.
Before the lodge was closed the
members presented W, Bro, Thos.
Mowat, I.P.M., with a beautiful paBt-
master's jewel, suitably engraved, aa a
recognition of hia careful and constant
watchfulness over the interests of the
lodge during the term he ruled It.
Mr. Mowat responded in appropriate
terms and congratulated the lodge on
the excellent officers chosen to succeed
those who have retired.
Late Canadian News.
Pitcher's Castoria.
The Dominion Grange is in session
at Guelph,
Tobacco manufacturers seek an in
oreaaed duty on cut tobacco.
The compulsory education law in the
territories is reported to be, working
well.
A number of winter coats for the
mounted police made trom dark cow-
skins aro very serviceable.
A deputation from the Chicago pork
packers is at Ottawa, protesting against
the increase of the duty on Ameriom
pork.
The government analysis of Amerioan
manufactured lard shows the article
to be greatly adulterated and injurious
to health.
The appointment of E.H.Fletcher
as postoffiee inspector at Victoria,
dating from Deeember, 1884, was
gazetted Saturday.
Professor Todd and party of scientists from Amherst Observatory,
Mass., will come to Brandon to view
the eclipse on Jan. 1.
Settlers of southern Manitoba are to
be permitted to grind their grain across
tho line in places whore no Canadian
grist mill is easy of accesa.
John Cunningham Stewart, comptroller of the postal finance, Ottawa,
died Wednesday afternoon from typhoid fever, aged 49 years.
The Canadian Pacifio Railway Co. is
applying for power to issue bonds for
the acquisition of stenm vessels to run
in connection with its railway.
B. Powell, a car checker of Niagara
Falls, fell off the tram at London, Ont.,
Thursday night while on his way to
Chicago and was instantly killed.
Joseph MoMallan was found dead
Wednesday morning in a small stream
five miles from Strathroy, Ont. There
is a strong supposition of foul play.
Major Mayne, of the military college,
Kingston, denies using the language
attributed to him. Hia explanation is
considered satisfactory to the department.
News has been received at the department at Regina that Chief Crowfoot, since his return from the Statea,
has fallen seriously ill. The nature
of his malady is uncertain.
Musical organizations entering Canada must pay a duty of 25 per cent, on
instruments, but hereafter, if exported
within one month, will be allowed a
rebate of 90 per cent, on the amount
paid.
It is reported at Ottawa that John
M. Egan, general superintendent of
of the Chicago, St. Paul & Kansas
City railway, has been appointed assistant general manager of the Canadian
Pacific.
The Manitoba government will immediately, upon the railway committee
approving of the plans for crossing tho
Canadian Pacific, proceed with track-
laying on the Portage la Prairie extension.
The election in Cumberland, N. S.,
Wednesday, resulted in tho re'urn of
A. R. Dickie, government candidate to
the house of commons, defeating Elder-
kin by 708 votes with two places to
hear from.
Notice is given that at the next session of parliament the Kootenay and
Athabaska Railway will apply for
power to amend its act in order to comply with tho " Model Bill" adopted by
parliament.
For the second time the teams sent to
Athabasca landing to meet W. Ogilvie,
D. L. S., who ia on hiB way out from
the Mackenzie River, oame back without him, Nothing has been heard of
or from him
The Toronto Mail asserts that the
inspector nnd crew of Scotland Yard
detectives who brought Roland Gideon
Bnrnett to Canada were deputed by
the London Times to collect ovidenco
in Canada to use against Parnell.
Tho Globe gives an unqualified con-
tradition to tho story set alloat by the
Toronto World that an amalgamation
waa to take placo between tho Globe
and Mail. Both papers threaten the
World with libel suits for making the
statement it did.
Nominations for the vacant seat in
tho commons for Cumberland took
place at Amherst, N. S. A. R. Dickey was again nominated as the ministerial candidate, and E. B, Eldorkin
was nominated as the candidate nf the
prohibition' party.
It is announced at Quebeo on reliable authority from Ottawa, that the
Moral government has about completed arrangements with a strong English
company for a fast mailservicc. Steamships are to be put on which will do
tho trip in six clays.
Cardinal Taschereau has received so
many complaints frnm the country
about hard times, owing to ahort oropB,
that he hns invited the provincial ministers, of Quebec, to meet himuit the
palaco un Thursday night to consider
steps to be takon in tho matter.
A virulent oczomatio eruption has
occurred at Toronto among horses,
similar to that of eight years ago. It
attacks animals in tho feet. The first
contagion of the disease is liable to
human beings by having an open sore
or out in conflict with tho eczema on
cattlo.
The department of the interior has
uc apprehension regarding tho safety
of Surveyor Win,. Olgilvio, who is expected from the Mackenzie nnd Yukon
districts, via Edmonton,   Il is'under-j
stood that he is in one of the Hudson's
Bay forts, whero the party can get
provisions.
The Dominion exports for the last
financial year were $90,203,000, and
the imports $110,800,000. The imports for home consumption were?* 02,-
847,000. The duty collected wsb $22,-
209,000. The exports show an increase
over last year, and the imports a decrease; tho duty was about the  same.
The Dominion commercial travellers
association had their annual dinner
Thursday night in Montreal. Among
the speakers were Hon. Peter Mitchell and R. S. White, M. P. White
and Mitchell referred to the annexa
tion question, the latter remarking
that there waa uo fooling in favor of it
in Canada.
W. Ogilvie, D.L.S., left Edmonton
for Winnipeg and the eaat on Wednesday. The party enjoyed excellent
health but was delayed by the ice five
weeks nt Ohippwagen and also delayed
one week iu the McKenzie river by
bad weather and another two weeks on
Salmon stream by increased work.
Mr. Ogilvie found that river was 200
miles longer than reported.
The Grand Trunk through freight
from the east ran through an open
switch yesterday, noar Thamesville,
Ont. The engine and several cars
were derailed and the cars totally
wrecked. One ear, loaded with oil,
was thrown into the ditch, Tho engineer, fireman and brakeman jumped
off the train just before it got to the
switch. The loss to the company will
be very large.
A. J. Hoffield, living near Norquay,
Man,, brutally killed his wife on
Christmas night. He was at Holland
for a load of freight and on returning
committed the deed and then went on
to Norquay where he remained all
night. There is no sympathy for
Hoffield as he has boon ill-treating his
wifo for some time past. It is said that
Hoffield had liquor with him. When
under us influence he has an ungovern
able temper, which his wife and family
greatly feared. Mrs. Hoffield waa
found forty foot from the house with
her face terribly mutilated.
H. Hogg, one of the counsel for the
government in the C.P.R, arbitration
case, received a cable at Ottawa Saturday from Sir Charles Tupper, atating
that about the middle of April would
suit him best to como to Canada and
bo examined in respect to taking over
the contraot from Onderdonk. A reply was, sent that a date would be fixed
at the noxt meeting of the board on
the 27th inst. It is understood that
the high commissioner is anxious to be
here for a short time during the sitting
of parliament. The government will
greatly need his advice during the next
sesaion.
There haa beon a syndicate of
capitalists organized to cheat the
United States government by smuggling
opium into the United States. The
quiet Canadian village, of Sarnia, Ont.,
is just now lionizing a brace of daring
opium smugglers, Captain Henry R.
Durant and Charles Weitz Durant is
one of the most daring amugglera who
exchanged shots with a customs houso
officer, and is the agent of a rioh syndicate that waa organized aeveral yeara
ago for the express purpose of smuggling opium into the United States
from the  manufacturers at Victoria,
B. O. The syndicate has $5,000,000
behind it, and is largely controlled by
C. J. Joslyn, of Victoria. A rich San
Francisco merchant is said to be prominently identified with tho syndicate,
and a man for many years in the employ of the United States government
ns an interpreter, is another  member.
A Valuable Discovery.—F. P, Tanner, of Neebing, Ont., Bays ho has not
only found B. B, B. a sure euro for Dyspepsia, but ho also found it to be the best
medicine for regulating and invigorating
the system that he has ever taken. B.B.
B. is the great system regulator.
BRDTAl SLUGGING MATOH,
New York, Dec. 21.—An unusually
brutal prize light of twelve rounds
took place this morning at Bay Ridge,
L.I., between Jack Mullen and Jim
Bates, both of Brooklyn, with bare
knuckles. Mullen had the best of the
fight to the last round, when he broke
his left wrist over the head of his opponent and was compelled to throw up
the sponge. It was a brutal slugging
match of the worst character and both
men were covered with blood.
doesn't believe it.
Washington, Doc. 21.—H. A. Glid-
den, agent of tho treasury department
at Seal Island, St. Paul and St. George,
in 1882 to 1885, was a witness before
tho house committeo on the marine
and fisheries investigation into alleged
outrages in Alaska. Ho Baid he had
read the charges of outrages, etc., in
the newspapers, but did not think
there wsb any truth in them. He had
never heard of nny caaea ot criminal
assault on the islands and no com-
plaintB of seduction had reached him.
If there had beeu any complaints to
make ho would have heard of them, aa
the people looked upon him aa their
protector. Men employed on the
islands by the Alaska Company were
kind to tho natives and their presence
there tended to elevate and civilize the
Late Despatches.
COUNTERFEIT MONEY CAPTURED.
Washintoh, Deo. 18.—Tho ohief of
the secret setvioe division of the treasury department, in his report, says
the representative valuo of counterfeit
money captured during tho year was
$2,117,523, of whioh over $2,000,000
were imitations and fao similies of
notes. Thero were also captured
eighty-five platea, forty dies, forty-six
molds, and a large quantity of counterfeiting paraphernalia,
ON TUB WARPATH.
Detroit, Dec. 18.—An exciting shooting affair occurred on Griswold street today. A commission man was selling the
property of Herman Luther under an
order of the court to sell and divide it
with hia divorced wife. The proporty
was bid in by Luther, but ho waa unable
to mako the required deposit and' his wifo
succcded in bidding in the goods. This
enraged Luthfir, who drew a revolver and
began firing at his wife and daughter.
They ran down the street. Aa the
daughter turned ths comer she tripped
and fell, and as she lay on the ground
Luther tried to fire at her. A bystander
grabbed his arm and the bullet struck an
innocont spectator iu the leg. Another
shot wos fired by him which struck his
son in the neck, inflicting a [serious
wound. The crowd then seized Luther
and wero only prevented from lynching
him on the spot by tho ndvent of a large
forco of police, who carried him to tne
station.
a pure food idea.
Washington, Dec. 18.—In the senate
to-day Faulknor introduced the bill proposed iu the house last session by Lind
for the establishment of a puro food division of the department of agriculturo
to provide for tho inspection of live
stock about to be slaughtered at slaughter
houses, canning, salting and packing and
rendering establishments, tho carcasses
or products of which are intended for
human consumption in any stato or territory other than whero slaughtered, or for
exportation to foreign countries, and to
prohibit the introduction of adulterated
mishranded fond or drugs to ho taken in
the states or district of Columbia from
anv other stato or territory or foreign
county.
A YOUTH HANGED.
Crockett, Tex., Doc. 22.—John A.
Johnson was hanged here yesterday for'
rape. He protested his innocence on
the scaffold. He was only 19 years
old.
"my lady's page."
Washinoton, Dec. 22.—Fourteen
pages in tho senato chamber were
made happy to-day by substantial remembrance from Senator Stanford, of
California. He presented each with a
$5 bill, with the wish that each might
enjoy a merry Christmas and a happy
New Year.
millions in it.
New York, Dec. 22.—Capitalists connected with the cotton seed oil trust are
making arrangements to secure a monopoly of the manufacture of bagging made
from fine needles. It is to bc used aB
covering for cotton hales, and it is aaid
will drive but jute. Several millions are
ready to be put into it.
JUMPS THE TRACK.
St. Louis, Dec, 22.—A dispatch from
Arizona says a construction train on the
Arizona and Southeastern road, with
sixty laborers on' board, jumped the
track near Coke aiding on Thursday evening, and rolled down a high embankment, killing seven or eight, and wounding several others. No particulars received.
THE SULTAN DISPLEASED.
Constantinople, Deo. 22.—Tho sultan ia displeased with the news from
Suakim. He thinks the occurrences
there will be made tho pretext for prolonging the British occupation.
SENTENCED TO DEATH.
Philadelphia, Dec. 22.—Judge Allison to-day overruled the motion for
a new trial in the case of Mrs. Sarah
Jane Whitling, covicted of the murder
of her husband and children by
poison, and sentenced the woman to be
hanged.
A TOWN DESTROYED.
Menominee, Mich., Deo. 22.—News
has reached here of tho total destruction
by fire of the town of Hcrmanaville,
forty-seven miles north of here, on the
Chicago & Northwestern and Soo Short
Line railroads. No particulars have
been received, Hermansville is a lumbering settlement of 400 inhabitants,
and as the weather is vory cold, there
must be very great suffering among the
people.
killed his father.
Wilkes-Barre, Pa,, Doc. 22. -James
Warner, aged 45, and his son John, aged
18, who had been chopping in the woods
several days, had a quarrel this morning. The father made n lunge with an
axe, the boy dodged, ran home near by,
barring the doors as ho entered. The
father going to the front door, commenced
to batter it dowu with an axe, when the
son poked a shotgun through an opening and sent a load of buckshot into
tho father's breast. The father died in
a few hours.
SALE OF FAMOUS MINES,
Nogalf-s, Ariz., Dec. 22.—The salo of
the famous Flanchas dc Plata group of
mines, eighteen miles southwest of
thia place, to a syndicate of Now Orleans
capitalists, was completed last evening
and tho money paid over. Tho property
consists of five mines and a ten-stamp
mill * Tho price paid has not been
definitely stated, but is said to have been
$150,000 spot cash. The now company
will start up tho mill at once and
also becin the erection of a large mill immediately,
terrific explosion
Bradford, Pa., Doo. 22.—Three
glycerine magazines in Buenmn Hollow
exploded this ei-oning, wrecking a large
number of houses in Tarport, a mile
away, shaking the foundation in Bradford, a distanco of threo milea. A largo
building in Tarport, in which wore
nine persons, collapsed, seriously injuring three children, and a little girl
who cannot survivo. The oxplosion
was cansod, it is thought, frnm excessive heat. It is not known whether
any one was kiliod.
A SPECULATIVE CONSUL.
New York, Dec. 22.—Among tho
passengers on the steamer Australia
from Gibraltar, November 29, which
arrivod yesterday, was Moses Berrsuli,
who comes to this country to prefer
charges against W. Reid Lewis. United
Statos consul at lungiers, aim his two
assistants. Berasuli says Consul Lewis
conspired to place him in prison at Fez,
where he lay for fifty days, bocnuae he
refuaed to pay him $5,000 for "protection of United Statea government"
while engaged in piloting American
merchants (being a merchant himself),
through the country to mnke purohases.
Ho gives tho namos of tho following
merchants, who, ho claims, woro swindled ont of Bums ranging trom $185 to
$3,500 by Consul Lewis and his assistants. Ho estimates that in his two
years' of servico Lewis has collected
from merchants fnr American protection not less than $20,000.
FORJ5ALE.
Lot 487, in the municipality of
Chilllwliack,
CONTAINING 166 ARES OF GOOD
clay loam; about 70 acres cleared and
lenced with good fencing; good bearing
orchard, small frame house, large barn
and stable; good water, both well and
creek; lacing on Fraser river with good
steamboat landing. Prioe, 84,000, liberal
terma.       Apply f
no9dlt-wto
E. GREYELL,
Chilllwhack, B.O.
HENRY V. EDMONDS,
l-iuuuiijiuuuu,
UND AMD INSURANCE AGENT,
McKenzie St., NewWestminster, B.O.
Valuable Building and Manufacturing
Sites for Sale or Lease ln the cities of New
Westminster and Vanoouver.
Farms for Sale.
Honey to Loan on good Real Estate ae
enrlty at reasonable rotes,    mh'dmlwio
MAJOR £ PEARSON
Roal Estate Brokers and
Financial Agents.
AQENTS FOR
Confederation Life Attociation of
Toronto.
Royal and Lancashire Fire Insurance Companies.
•*».Valuable Lots for sate in the City
and District of Westminster; and oholoe
Lots in the City of Vancouver.
Persons wishing to buy or sell city or
rural property should communicate with
us.
Offices: Bank of B.C. building, opposite
postofflce, Westminster, and Hastings St,.
Vancouver. dwaplOta
g&rfes
A Pleasing Sense of Health
and Strength Renewed, and
of Ease and Comfort
Follows the uo of Syrup of Figs, aa it
acts gently On the
Kidneys, Liver 0 Bowels
Effectually Cleansing the System when
Costivo or Bilious, Dispelling
Colds, Headaches and Fevers
and permanently curing
HABITUAL CONSTIPATION1
without weakening or irritating the or-
fins on which it acts.
or sale in lto bottle, by all Leading;
Druggist..
HJUfOUCtrJaBD o.NU BT THS
OAUPOSHIAHaSIEIIPOO
Sah Feahcisco, Cau,
v-onmi.t-H. Kt., Nkw Yob:*. N. *■>
""ANY MAN—"
Who is Weak. Nervous, Debilitated)
Who ln his Folly and Ignorance has
Trilled away his vigor of Body, Mind
and Manhooil.cnusing exhausting drains
upon the Fountains of Life, Headache, Backache* Dreadful Breams,
Weakness of Memory, Bashfulnets in
Society, Ptm|ilci upon the Face and
all tho Effects leading to Early Decay,
Consumption or Insanity* will find In
our Specific No. 23 a Posit ve Cure. It
Imparls Youthful Vigor, restores the
Vital Power in old ana young, strengthens and Invigorates the Brains and
Nerves, builds up the muscular system
anu arouses Into action the whole physical energy of tho human frame. With
our Speclflo No. 23 the most obstinate
ease can be cured in three mouths, and
recent ones in less than SO days. Each
Package contains two weeks treatment,
^rice $2. Cures guaranteed. Our Specific
No. 24 ls nn Infallible Cure for all Private Diseases* no matter of how long
standing. Sold under our written Guarantee to effect a Cure* Price $5. Toronto Medicine Co,, Toronto, Ont
CONSUMPTION
That dread terror, a disease so long
balling science and the most skilled
physicians, who knew of nothing to
arrest, nothing to alleviate, nothing to
cure. Now it is no longer an incurable malady even when given up by
physicians, health can yet be found In
OUR REMEDY; It heals and soothes
Iho membrane of the Lungs, Inllamed
ami poisoned by the ravages of this
fell disease, and prevents the night
sweats und tightness across the chest
which accompany lt.  Price $3.
OURES    GUARANTEED.
Toronto Medicine Co., Toronto, Ont
Ol'li KltKOANT PREPARATIONS.
Remember we manufacture and are the
sole proprietors of the follo'vlng specialties, nnd that they can be had from no
other source. THEY ARE NOT FOR SALE BY
DRUGGISTS. Correspondence strictly con-
tidenlial. Consultation upon all chronlo
disease Invited. NO CHARGE except for
medicines. All goods sent stenre from
observation. Toronto Mediolne Co., Toronto, Ont
HAIR   COLORING.
Our mngnlfleent preparations are warranted perfectly harmless.    We prepare
the following colors—the finer shades
arise from the hair itself: Black, Dark
Brown, Medium Brown, Chestnut, Light
Chestnut, Gold Blonde, Ash or Blonde
Cendroe. Send sample of hair when ordering. Price, 82 per bottle. Toronto Medicine Co., Toronto, Ont.
TOILET REQUISITES.
In ordering please specify which you
require; wo guarantee them to give entire
satisfaction. No, 8 Imparts to the skin
the color nnd freshness of maidenhood,
harmless and oannot be detected, $1.25.
No, 9 romoves wrinkles, 12. No. 10 removes Liver Spots, $1.25. No, 11 removes
Flesh Worms, 81.25. No. 12 removes
Freckles, $1.25. No. 13 romoves Pimples.
$1.25. No. It removes Tan, $1.35. No. 15
romoves Moles, $2. No. 16 removes Pock-
marks, $2. No. 17 removes undue Perspiration, $1.25, No. 18, nn absolute unfailing
specific for the retention*, dovolopment or
restorntlon of the Hair, $1.25. Toronto
Mediolne Co., Toronto, Ont
THE BUST.
No. 19 Is a emblned Internal and external treatment which speedily develops
or restores the female bust to the propor-
Job printing of all  kinds neatly done
fit the COLUMBIAN office.     Prices will be   tlon-- of voluptuous nature.   Is entirely
found as low as at any othor offloe in   ^SmiBS^^lir*
th. provinoo.— Aiv, Weekly British Columbian
Wednesday Horning, Jan. 3, lSSt).
The voracious eagerness of the
United States to gobble up Oanada
is very much out of plaoe, when ono
considers their already vast territory, with its half-digested and ill-
assimilated elements of population
Some writers—Canadian writers,
too—work upon the apprehensions
cf the people of the Dominion by
dwelling upon the difficulties in
■tore forthe eastern portion of Oanada asa result of the non-fusibility
of the English and French speaking
races, and the rapid increase of the
Utter. We do not believe that this
problem is so serious as it has been
made to appear, but that time will
bring about an increased homogeneity of the Saxon and Latin
stocks. The history of the mother
country, with its approximate fusion
of diverse races, lends support to
this view. But the neighboring republic has a different and much
more incongruous element to "assimilate"—to wit, the negroes of
the south, In fact, assimilation, in
its true sense, is an utter impossibility, and what complicates and
adds seriousness to the issue is the
alarming fecundity of the African
race. Previous to the war, it is
said, the negro had multiplied more
than eight times in a little less than
a century. A cotemporary puts it
in this way : "There are not less
than eight millions of these people
inthe United States today, and
Ute child is born who will live to
see the time when there will be
more than fifty millions of people
of African descent in that country.
If it be true that this prolific race
doubles every twenty years—and
this is little more than half the rate
at which they increased previous to
the war—by the middle of the
twentieth century the African race
will be equal to the entire population, black and white, of to-day."
When it is borne in mind that, by
the constitution of the United
States, every negro is invested with
full citizenship and has a voico in
tho affairs of the country, and that,
in the nature of the case, they must
i-emain a more or less distinct class
for all time, the "dark cloud" that
already casts its shadow over the
fair prospects of the American republic does not become any the less.
She southern states at present are
the home of the colored element.and,
according to newspuper and telegraphic reports, the two races do
sot get on nny too harmoniously.
Perhaps, it can hardly be expected
that they should. Whether the
negro in the States is kept down by
the white race, or whether he is
exalted to full educational and
social, as well as political privileges
{which latter does not seem likely)
our neighbors have a very vexed
and tremendous question staring
them in the face and constantly enlarging on their hands. We trust
they may reach a successful and
bappy solution, as well in this as in
other matters that might bo mentioned; but we are just selfish
enough to protest against sharing
their responsibilities and perplexities, in consideration,even, of having
tbelr "surplus" applied to the liquidation of our "national debt." Is there
aot a clue in this racial nightmare
sf tbe United States to the eager
ness of our neighbors to "assimilate"
Canada* What if the seers of the
great republic, realizing that the
"white trash" must soon vacate the
southern states—leaving them to
their fate as a ■ sort of American Liberia or Sierra Leone—
wish to annex the tine country to
the north, so that they (the real
Americans) may have room to spread
themselves right up to the north
pole, and, if necessary, retreat down
the other side! These questions
suggest unpleasant possibilities.
"What are we going to do about it J
We can at least keep Oanada in
oar hands, and when the time comes
that our Yankee cousins are crowded out of their own country, we can
make room for a limited number in
our great northwest and in the Mao-
ienzie Eiver basin. What more
can be expected of us, we do not
see. .-;'. ■'/	
The deeds of murder recently
done in tbat noisome quarter of
London called Whitechapel—all,
there is reason to believe, the work
tithe same hand, seen; to have ut
fracfetfthe attention of the neurologist as well ns that of tho polico,
ssys the Scientific American. What
was the motive! it adds, and continues: Most people who have
followed the history of these crimes,
coming os they have, one so quickly
after another, have laid it to this or
that cause, or, at least, it would
seem so from those that havo boen
inade public. Dr. Hammond, well
known in the department of neurology says, in a recent paper, that no
distinct motive was necessary, or,
rather, that it may have been o
laere fancy cr freak, such as often
comes to those with diseased minds,
sr even for the mere  love  of pain
and cruelty—a supposition, wliich
the hacking of the body in ench
case would seem to lead to. There
have been nine victims so far, all
women, but iu the once-celebrnted
case of Helen .Jegado there were
twenty-eight in three years.all being
killed by poison, and apparently for
the pure love of killing and witnessing suffering; in some cases the
sufferings of those who had befriended her—masters, mistresses,
friends, and several nuns. And all
the while she affected an ardor of
piety—awhile, indeed, an inmate of
a convent. Our author declares
that a desire "to kill exists, to a
greater or lesser extent, in the mind
of every human being without exception," Some love to kill game
or the lower animals, while others
have an irresistible desire to kill
their fellows. The mildest mannered man, he says has it at times,
when sufficient cause comes. "It is
inborn, instinctive, and no amount
of civilization or refinement is sufficient to abolish it altogether." He
says that crimes are sometimes done
by those to whom the act of violence
is repugnant, whose reason urges
them against their own acts, yet
with not enough strength to resist
the impulse, Neither delusion nor
emotional disturbance need como,
At ene time he is calm, at another
excited, but always conscious of his
acts, The epileptic may commit
acts of violence while under a
paroxysm, unconscious at the time,
though remembering every little
detail when it is done; but such
cases as every neurologist sees, so
we are told, have at times an itching for murder. One man, of
amiable disposition, asked to be
looked up and neglected an extensive business, for tbe sudden impulse that came to him to commit
murder. One, who was continually
battling against an impulse to kill
his wife, cut off his own right arm.
A young man applied for medical
relief for cerebral hyperemia, admitting that with -it had come a
desire to kill a fellow clerk. So
strong it was, indeed, that whenever his back was turned, he could
scarce refrain from plunging a knife
into him; once offering a cup of
poison, and knocking it from his
hand when he would have put it to
his lips. A woman with an impulse to jump from a window only
escaped because, as she was preparing to spring out, a market boy
slipped on the ice in the street and
tumbled ubout awkwardly, setting
the woman laughing and driving
the suicidal mood from her. Such
moods, it seems, may recur and may
not. A young man could not see a
fine dress without the impulse to
injure it; running into the nearest
drug storo for vitriol, and before the
mood was gone, ruining over one
hundred fine gowns. The "reasoning" mania would seem, from its
description, to be one of the most
dangerous, because attacking those
from whom acts of violence are not
to be looked for. One thus afflicted
suddenly finds himself with a perversion of the emotions, derangement of the will; "knowing the
impulse is a dangerous one, the act
it imposes an unreasonable one."
But he must do it, being seized with
sanguinary fury. Such persons as
are unable to control thoir impulse
to commit crime our author looks
upon as in the same category with
murderers and us meriting the same
fate.
No less a paper than the Scientific
American allows itself to make fun
of poor Keely, of motor fame, in the
following undignified but distinctly
humorous style: The Philadelphia
court which thought it could keep
Mr. Keely in confinement has seen
its error. As the Tribune has already remarked, Mr. Keely is out of
jail and has returned to his motor.
Some of the earlier of the stockholders are not yet out of the poor-
house—hut this is neither here nor
there. The short and simple annals
of Mr. Keely's motor are soon told.
Some twenty years ago, more or less,
Mr, Keely built his motor, There
are a number of pipes, wheels, pulleys, rods, belts, levers, cocks, cams,
and cogs visible, besides, it is darkly
hinted, a vastly greater number of
the same sort of thing nnder the
floor and back of the partition. In
front of the motor is Mr. Keely's
oilice, in which there is a large slot
The stockholders drop their money
in the slot, and Mr. Keely looks out
and watches them walk away.
Naturally Mr. Keely is sometimes
called upon to explain the workings
of his motor by some doubting stockholder. On such occasions he is all
smiles, and, conducting the victim
into tho presenco of the machine,
he says: "You see, my friend, the
way we operate tho motor is this:
Taking hold of this lever we pull it
toward us. This causes the small
flip-flap you see thoro to be withdrawn, allowing the ilibber snatcher
to fall into its place on tho ramrod.
As soon as this happens, it acts directly on the hatchway and the
slam-bang, causing thom to mako a
half-revolution and start tho gct-up-
and-got motion of the flunker-floppor,
which in turn communicates its
energy to the button hook and the
wapperchock. After these things
have run for about five minutes they
cause the jig-jag valve to turn, and
the asthmatic gas flows through the
pipe to the cylinder and gives the
wiggle motion to the gilder fluke.
That's the point we are striving after—the wiggle motion of the gilder
fluke. Why, my dear sir, without
the wiggle-motion of the gilder-fluke
you wouldn't think of putting your
money into the motor. But, with
it, sir, we are—eh, another share 1
All right, come into the office and
I'll have it made out for you insido
of a minute." Professor Keely has
been muoh more successful iu the
mechanical manipulation of the
stockholders' money than iu the
management of his motor. Taking
hold of the middle of a bill, of any
denomination, with the thumb and
forefinger of each hand, he holds the
end of the bill toward his person.
By a dexterous movement of the
fingers he causes the bill to fold
across the center. Repeating tho
process, he has it reduced to the
proper compass for wadding into
his pocket book, which is the next
movement. This most ingenious
gentleman, Don Keely, then places
the purse in his right hand trousers
pocket and smiles quietly. The
mechanical action is perfect, and
leaves nothing to be desired. Mr.
Keely's mental endowments seem to
run in particular lines. He appears
to have no mechanical ingenuity, his
strong point being his ability as a
collector. He has one of the largest
and best arranged collections of
other people's money to be found in
the United States. Having, a
number of years ago, during a lit of
temporary insanity, constructed a
maohine which, if any power on
earth could start it, would explode
and pierce the startled dome of
heaven with flying fragments of cog
wheels and cranks, he now sits down
calmly and allows this same mechanical nightmare to make his living for
bim. This is genius, Tho man who
can create a company, stook in which
is placed among the holder's liabilities when he fails, and then continues to sell this stock every day,
is doing something that ordinary
men of talent cannot do, He has
risen above them. This is Keely.
He toils not, neither does he spin;
but he has got a hysterical collection
of crooked pipes and lop-sided wheels
tied up in his back room that extract the reluctant dollar from the
pocket of avarice without fail.
Wo have como to another notch
in the scroll of time, and have written 1889. Already tho invisible
ratchet-wheel that winds up the
years has tucked away a segment of
the new year, and is tugging fate-
fully at the rest, steadily and silently drawing in the roll—that inscrutable roll which carries with it
an indelible record of the ages in
things great and smull. To look
into the future for a moment—how
far in the future who can tell"—
What a scene that will be when the
roll shall have been all payed out—
"when time shall bo no more"—
when the ratchet shall be removed,
the wheel reversed, and the great
scroll of the centuries flung out for
an assembled universe to peruse by
tho light of celestial flambeaus and
flaming worlds. Far-fetched, many
will say. Substantially true,
nevertheless. We have taken
our readers into the future,
however, further than most caro
to go, even at this time of year,
and will not be so cruel as to leave
them there. The brief glimpse will
injuro no one. It may, on the contrary, serve to strengthen the good
resolutions which aro so popularly
prodigal at this season, and perhaps
save some of them from going to
pave an unmentionable placo. So
mote it be.
The yenr upon which we have on-
tered is one full of promiso for British
Oolumbia. The whole province, in
fact, is just on the verge of a grand
development, in which this district
and city must share very largely.
To confine ourselves in this article
to Westminster, the year 1889, if
properly improved, should find us at
its close with a record of progress
equal to that of the past three years
combined, at least. A summary of
improvements, which we will publish
to-morrow, will make a very satisfactory showing for last year, considering that tho royal city is just
beginning to shake itself together
for tho race. Years of calumny,
misrepresentation and injustice, and
the difficulties and discouragements
incident to pioneering, whon British
Oolumbia was hardly mentioned and
its advantages little known to the
outside world, have rendered our
citizens less sanguine and bumptious
by nature than those of towns which
have sprung up under tho new
order of things, and at times even
thn germs of what was destined to
bo iv splendid development havo
boon obscured, Our position now
isi assured, howover. A new ora
has dawned, and our struggles in
the future, although they should be
in no wise abated, but rather increased, will meet, instead of discouragement, an immediate and full
reward. Westminster occupies a
unique position among the rising
cities of tho coast, being the only
fresh water seaport within easy distance of the seaboard and with an
unexceptionable river channel for all
sorts of vessels. Situated, then, on
this same river—tho noble Fraser,
the great trade artery of the province—being the terminus of one
railway, and shortly to have two
more (the Westminster Southern
and the Victoria, Saanich & Westminster)—the centre of a splendid
agricultural district, of the fishing
and lumbering industries, and jointly interested in the mining enterprises of the province—what more
is required, in order that Westminster should take the first rank, but
that her citizens should duly appreciate and improve their advantages 1
Surely nothing. Let us, then, laying aside old differences and petty
jealousies with the year that is past,
pull well and strongly together, with
the goal dearly in sight, being assured that thus the royal city will
be speeeily enabled to show a clean
pair of heels to all competiors in the
friendly and honorable rivalry of
city building.
The statement made by the Ofcta.
wa authorities recently as to the
savings banks deposits of the mounted police force leads the Montreal
Witness to say: "The northwest
mounted police are saving money.
As nothing unfits men for civic life
so much as long terms of police or
military service, they are right.
Careful management by men of such
a force should leave any of them
with sufficient to stock a farm after
ten years' service. As most of the
police duty is a kind of military patrol, these men should know the
country well and should be able to
choose good farms. Were tbe government of this force as moral as it
once was, and the term of service
brief, it might be made a splendid
machinery for settling the country
with stalwart and self-reliant men."
To which the Calgary Herald observes: "Our Montreal contemporary
makes a common mistake in assuming that the duty performed by the
men of the mounted police unfits
tbem for oivil life after leaving the
service. For endorsation of our
statement look at the number of
ex-policemen occupying good busi
ness positions in Oalgary and elsewhere throughout the territories.
What the Witness means by the insinuation that the government of
the force is less moral than it once
was, it is difficult to say. The force
has never been in a better- state of
organization than it is at present."
An American cotemporary of a
recent date says: "A dispatch from
Washington states that President
Cleveland has determined to take a
firmer stand in Samoan affairs, and
that an American fleet will be concentrated at the scene of trouble as
rapidly as possible. The German
ironclads will probably not be very
much appalled at the arrival of the
rotten old tubs we call a navy. If
the United States government expects to possess influence in the affairs of the world it must conform
to the conditions—get a powerful
navy afloat as soon as possible, In
two weeks from the date of a declaration of war, a German fleet could
lay New York city in ashes, to say
nothing of other devastations. Uncle Sam must not imagine that ho
can terrify the monarchs of the old
world with a deep bass voice and a
tinhorn, Get some ships and guns,
and tho very best that money can
buy. This would be a good way to
reduce the surplus in tbo treasury."
That surplus in the American treasury appears to be a regular nightmare to Uncle Sam, and will drive
him to something desperate unless
disposed of in somo way, The
schemo of unloading into a navy is
a commendable one, even if it does
look like sinking money. Uncle
Samuel neods a navy, bad; tho
meanest power afloat could thrash
his wooden tubs and blow them out
of the water; and then, if the surplus is expended in that way it will
put an end to all this foolishness
about buying Oanada, and a good
job for the States, too. Tho United
States has got more territory und
people than it can properly manage
now. Half a contury will not more
than suffice to consolidate imd systematize its present incongruous and
plastic oloments, It will be time
enough, thon, from its own standpoint, to mako proposals to Oanada.
Neither havo attained a marriageable status, supposing they were
both ovor so much inclined. Wo
admire Uncle Sam for many things;
but lie has many bad habits, Let
him first make a man of himself, and
to this'end givo up thnt childish
pastime of making maps in which
all North America, including Central, is divided up into " United
States."   In the meantime, Oanada,
who has not lost her heart, by any
means, can follow the inclinations
of her own sweet will and—grow.
An exchange says : Sir Morell
Mackenzie has been lecturing in
Edinburgh on vocal development.
He held that singing was a development subsequent to the use of articulate speech, without which, indeed,
singing would be impossible. He
thought it more desirable that
singers should learn to speak than
that speakers should learn to sing.
Years of training for singers were
recommended. Sir Morell thought
that the singer who wished to keep
himself in good voice should rise
early, before eight in the morning,
and should harden his constitution
by a vigorous outdoor life. It may
be observed that this eminent medical authority did not enjoin practice
before eight in the morning, for he
probably knew that the singer's
neighbors weuld have something to
say on the point.
Much to the disgust of the United
States government says an exchange,
Great Britain does not show any
disposition to assist in resisting the
pretensions of the Germans in Samoa
Mr. Bayard contends that the governments of Great Britain, Germany
and the United States were under a
mutual understanding for neutrality
and joint action. If there ever was
such an understanding definitely
accepted Germany has withdrawn
from it and is pushing forward her
special interests in the Samoan
islands. The other day Sir James
Fergusson, speaking on behalf of
the British government, said that
it was not surprising that Germany
should look to a spot so suitable for
colonizing purposes, and that England ought not to be jealous of other
nations in such matters. It looks
very much as if the United States
would have to quarrel with Germany
on her own account, if the aggressions of tbe Germans in Samoa are
to be resisted at all.
IMMENSE SALE
—op—
DRY GOODS, CLOTHING
[ATB,  OARPHTS,
LINOLEUMS, OIL CLOTHS, ETC., ETC.
Commencing Oct. 10th, 1868.
Aa we have decided to retire from the retail Dry Gooda business thla aeaaon, we
now place our entire atock on tho market at
WHOLESALE PRICES.   NO RESERVE.
BnrrBR-srmaiiTOi- mtjst bsi sold.
$6,000 worth of Clothing, Hats and Men's Furnishings.
$20,000 worth of Dry Goods, Carpets, Oil Cloths and
House Furnishing Goods, etc.
/a-As we aro known to carry one of the largest and beat assorted stocks in the
Province, it will not be necessary to enumerate. An early inspection will convince
the publio that we mean business, and that the stock muat be closed out before the
end of thia aeaaon; therefore we havo placed our goods at prlcos lower than have
ever been offered before in this Frovinoo.
RKMEMBER—The Stook must be olosed ont by th. end ef the year.
CALL EARLY WHILE THK ASSORTMENT IB GOOD.
Terms- Under $100, cosh; over $100, secured notes at three months with interest.
3D. DR-S-SSAIJII «te OO.
olOdwlyr MASONIO BLOCK, OOLUMBIA ST., NEW WESTMINBTER
W. t 6, WOLFENDEN,
—DIRECT IMPORTERS OF	
DpfGoods Groceries!
JUST  RECEIVED,   EX  "VIOLA,"  A  LARGE   CON-
signment of
Crosse & Blackwell's Table Delicacies, Mince
Meat, Plum Puddings, Christmas Fruits,
Soups, Potted and Devilled Meats, Sardines,
Anchovy and Bloater Pastes, Calves' Foot
Jellies, Almonds, Figs, Marmalade, Cheese,
Pickles, Sauces, Malt, Crystal and White
Wine Vinegar, etc., etc.
CORNER COLUMBIA AND MARY STREETS.
dwsclfltc
BRITISH   COLUMBIA
LAND & IPE8TMENT ABENCY, M.
THOMAS ALLSOP,
HENRY  S.  MASON,
CUYLER A.  HOLLAND,
DIRECTORS.
HEAD OFFICE, - 56 New Broad St. - LONDON, ENGUND.
The Businoss of ALLSOP ft MASON hue been merged in the above Company
and will be oarried on by tho Company from thla dat. as a genoral Land Investment
and Insurance Agenjy.
MONEY TO LOAN on Mortgage at Low Rates, Town Lota and Farming
Lands for Sole on easy terma.
Victoria B. 0„ May 16th, 1887. dwJe7lo
T.J.TRAPP&C0.
GENERAL & SHELF HARDWARE,
Including Tools of all kinds of tho best makes; Cross-cut & Ilailll-SnwS
Barbed Wire for Fencing, and all the necessary Utensils for Farming!
Pulley Blocks, Snatch Block*. Rope & Chain in nil sizes- Pltcfi,
Tar & Oakum; Tarred and Plain Paper for Building; Paints & Oili
in all colors; Liquid Paints lu all shades) Floor Paints ready touse; Grlml
Stones; Wall Paper in all designs; Brooms & Brushes for all purposes
Lubricating Oils) Traps' of all descriptions, and a genoral 'assortment 0
Agricultural Implements,
1ST Special attontion givon to ordors hy mail,
T. J. TEAPP 8C CO.,
dwjly3to CotiVHDiA Street, New Westminster. Weekly Britisli ColunMan,
Wednesday Morning, Jan. °, 1880.
St
Press Despatches.
London, Dec. 29.—Nowb conies
from Bradford this morning of a horrible murder, bo similar in ita appalling
dotaila to the villinny of tho Whitechapel fiend, as to lead to tho supposition that "Jaok tho Ripper" has
changed his scene of operations, or
that aome murderous maniac has boen
imitating hia work, Tho victim in this
caae, however, waa a boy, only 8 yeara
of age, who waa found thia morning in
a atable, shockingly mutilated, his ears,
nose, legs and arms had been cut off,
the body had beon disembowelled, and
the diamomberod parts atuffed into tho
gory cavity, as was tho case in the
Whitechapel murders. Tho perpetrator of this horror left-no traco behind
hiin. Bradford to-day is in a turmoil
of mingled terror and excitement,
there is but one topio of conversation
and the atreets in tho vicinity of the
stablo where the boy'a mutilated body
was diacovered, aro filled with an excited multitude.
London, Dec. 20.—Scarcely havo
the people begun to recover from the
shock of the first, than they nio horrified by the report of anothor boy murdered. The body of a second boy, horribly mutilated, has been found. The
police aro searching tho country around
and are assisted by volunteer parties.
All railway stations are watched, The
boy Gill, tho name of tho aecond murdered boy found, when last seen was
sliding on the ico with some companions. Tho clumsy way in which the
niurder was committed causes it to be
supposed that it was done by drunken
hoys.
London, Dec. 29.— Latorneirs from
Bradford says a milkman was arrested
on suspicion of having committed the
murder. Tho boy used sometimes to
accompany the milkman on his rounds
and the prisoner was tho first to recognize the mutilated body of the lad. It
is now certain the body was placed in
an out-house between the hours of
four and sovon this morning.
Belgrade, Deo. 29.—Rioters paraded the streets yosterday ovening, stoned the Austrian consulate and smashed
the windows, crying "Down with Austria." Thoy treated tho houses of
leading Austrian residents in the same
way.
Berlin, Dec. 29.—Princo Bismarck
will speak on the East Africa question
when the reichstag reassembles.
St. Petersburg, Dec. 29.—Thecaar
proposes to introduce many liberal features into the home policy of Russia.
Paris, Deo. 29.—Swiss journals object to the employment of Italian workmen upon the fortifications of St.
Gothard tunnel. They say agents of
the Italian army can through thoae
men become acquainted with the plan
of the works;
Dublin, Deo. 29.—It ia again stated
that evictions will be resumed at Givu-
dore with government assistance.
Liverpool, Deo. 29.--Wheat quiet;
Oal. 7 s. 6'd.
Ottawa, Deo. 29.—A dispatch from
from London fully confirms the report
that Joseph Chamberlain is likely to
be appointed by Lord Salisbury to fill
the vacancy in the British legation at
Waahington.
Boston, Deo. 29.—Tho Commercial
-Bulletin to-day publishes tho annual
report of the wool market pf the United
Statea, whioh shows the present supply
to be sixty two million pounds. This
is a shortage of forty eight million
pounds as compared with last year.
Columbus, 0., Deo. 29.—Hopkins,
of Fidelity bank, who haa been pardoned by President Cleveland, had a
seriouB relapse last night, and it is
feared he will 'die boforo his pnrdon
arrives,
San Franoisoo, Dec. 29.— The
Chronicle this morning, referring editorially to tho selection of a site for the
proposed naval station on the north
coast, says: "Puget Sound soems vastly preferable to the mouth ot the Co-
. lumbia river. Tho bar at the mouth
of the Columbia forms insuperable obstruction to erection of a navy yard
at or near Astoria, for even it tho government should succeed in deepening,
widoning and straightening tho, entrance, a hostile fleet in tho timo of
war could soon batter down and destroy breakwaters and similar structures, and mako Columbia rivor bar
aB dangerous and impassable as ovor.
But Pugot Sound has abundanco of harbors which might be made into naval
stationB, and approaches to whioh could
he readily fortified. There will be,
too, a number of largo cities on the
sound beforo vory many yoars, and
everything would sooni to point to that
at a propor locality for a new naval
station.
Cambridge, Mass., Deo. 29.—Thos.
Gory, for mnny yeara a voluntary assistant of the lute Prof. Agassiz, died
last night, aged 64. In early life he
spent aeveral yeara in the woat and on
the Pacifio alope, and subsequently
contributed to many magazines inatruc-
tive papers on tho primitivo hiatory of
California.
Boston, Deo. 29.—A party of Ital-
iana, suppoaod to be aome of the rioters from Paquotteville, Quebec, was
fonnd last evening wandering about
Ilaymarket Square, When taken to
the police station they said they came
from Canada to meet a contractor who
failed to put in an appearance, Ono
of the party waa Buffering terribly from
a broken log, injured, aa he assorts, 28
days ago.
New York, Dec. 29.—It traiiBpirod
thii morning that Dr, Alox. E. McDonald, general supt, of the insane
asylum on Ward's Island, has become
insano. It Ib hoped tho aberration is
only temporary, but Iub prospecta are
not encouraging.
Chicago, Dec. 29.—A telegram
from San Francitco, publiihed thit
morning, annnouncea that Charles F.
Merle, San Francisco agent of K.
Fairbank & Co., of this oity, dealers in
lard and canned meats, had absconded
with $99,000 of the firm'a money.
Fairbank has not heard anything definite on the subject, but was certain
that if Merle had absconded he could
by no possibility have taken as muoh
as reportod. The company has sent a
man to San Francisco to learn the extent of the damage.
Chicago, Deo. 29.—Wheat stronger;
Dec. 101'; Jan. 101'; May 106|.
New YoitK.Dec. 29.—Wheat steady;
Jan. 101-f; May 106*.
San Francisco, Deo. 29.—Wheat
firm, buyer season 148i; buyer '89
Mi:
New York, Deo. 29.—Tho steamer
Princo Mauritz arrived from Port au
Prince this morning, bringing the first
mails for several weeks. Chief Officer
Sibborlee said: "Everything waa quiet
in Port au Princo while we were there.
The peoplo seem lo be satisfied with
tho election of Legiti-i e ns president of
tho ropublic. When-we entered Port
au Prince wo saw the Haytien Republic covered with American flags. A
number of men from the United Statea
war Bhip Galena wero on board. On
the day we loft President Legitime was
given o rocoption on board the Galena."
Mr. Sibbeiloo said he learned there
waa no bombardment of Capo Haytien,
but thnt all northern ports were
blockaded.
Tho story told by Compte Do Salnva
Herazimett and other passengers of the
Prince Mauritz present the situation in
Hayti in an entirely different light.
While tho steamer waa at Jamei constant
rioting waa in progresB. No business
waa transacted and disorder and lawlessness reigned. On Deo. 20th, the day of
sailing, two bauds of adherents of the
opposing leaders, Legitime and Hippo*
Uto, met in the street and firing at onee
began and was warmly kopt up. A
frame house was set on fire and the
flames spread unchecked throughout the
town. The fire was atill in progress
when the stoamor sailed and the destruction of tho town was Imminent, At Port
au Prince, whero the steamer next
touched, the situation was almost as
bad. No authority is recognized and all
business at a stand still.
Madrid, Doc, 31.—An attempt was
made yosterday to blow up tho quarters
of tho Conservative and Republican
Club. A bomb cxplodod in the hall of
tho liouse but did no serious damage. No
arrests have been mado in connection
with tho attempt.
London, Deo. 31. — Wheat opens
Bteady this week; holders firm, buyers
scarce. Imports are decreasing. Odessa is closed hy ioe and is cut off for the
winter. Thoro are no signs of financial
disturbance on tlio continent. Despatches
from Paris and Berlin report tho Bourses
open steady. ""*
London, Dec. 31.—Mr. Mackenzie,
nf tho East African Company, has returned to Hanibar from his inspeotion
of the stations of tho mainland. Ho
reports ho was received in a very
friendly manner by tho native chiefs
along the const, Thoy complain bitterly against the Germans whose settlement in the country they declaro
thoy will oppose to tho last.
Vienna, Deo. 31.—The Arohduke
Louis Victor, youngeat brother of the
emperor, is dangerously ill. The physicians pronounce the case gastric fever, but the malady by whioh the arohduke haa long beon afflicted is known
to be epilesy, tho scourge of the Haps-
burga, nnd threatens to prove fatal.
Zanzibar, Dec. 31.—The German
Evangelical Mission Society of East
Africa haa leased from the sultan, on
favorable terms, for a century, a parcel of land on which to ereot a church
and hospital.
Berlin, Dec. 31.—Notification of
the blockade of the whole east coast
of Africa beon made by tho Portugese government to the German
govern ment.
Berlin, Dec. 31.— From recent
Btalistics, calculated by Richter, the
German army consists of 3,313,416
completely drilled mon not counting
reserves and landstrnm,
Suakim, Deo. 81.—-It is reported
here that lho robol tribes at Handoub
comtemplnto surrender to the British.
Rome, Dec, 31,—A papal encylical
juat issued complains that the ten
dency of the ago is toward material
interests and that this tendency is
strengthened by worldy pride. An
evil press and drama, demoralization
of arts and changed education in
schools, Materialistic and atheistic
teachings obscuring the true teachings
of right. Secularism, nihilism aud
communism, it says are also the outcome of this addition to materia'
things.
Mill Brook, Mich., Deo. 31.—The
boiler iu Dust'a shingle mill exploded
this morning. W. AV. Duat,propriotor,
Jno. Cartwright, watchman, und Bert
Smiley woro fatally injurod. Tho mill
wub completely wrecked; causo unknown.
Washinoton, Deo. 31.— To-day tho
pretident granted a pardon to A. G.
Greene, Josiah Richardson, Joseph H.
Byington, W. Levins and Sidney
Wooka, Mormons, sentenced in Novembor, 1887, to aix montha1 imprisonment at Sioux Falla penitentiary for
unlawful cohabitation, and at the expiration of that term to threo years
more for adultery.
New York, Deo. 31.—The World
has a despatch from Apia whioh says
that matters are rapidly assuming
a more aotive state in Samoa, and may
lead to open conflict between the German colonists ou ono hand and thoae
of the United States and England on
the other.
Philadelphia, Dec. 31, —The mutilated remains found in two sacks in
the water mains at Fairmont Park, on
Wednesday, have been identified as
Antonio Schilling. The murderer is
Jacob Sohroop, a baker, who confessea
thnt Schilling wub formerly hia partner and that he murdered him for
money, but only secured $80.
Sohroop'a daughter Bays that tho tried
to kill Schilling with laudanum, but
gavo an overdose. Then a rope was
procured to hang him.   Thit plan was
objected to by Schroop, who then
killed Schilling with a hatchet and
chopped up the body, plocing the
fragments in the Backs for concealment.
Jeanette, Pa., Doc. 31—A desperate fight with knives and pistols has
taken place here between 30 or 40
whites and drunken negroes, provoked
by'the latter. Many received dangerous wounds. One white man was
terribly cut and cannot live.
New York, Deo. 31.—Rabbi Samuel
Marks, of Montreal has called upon
President Cleveland with reference to
the subject of the annexation of Canada,
He says the Canadian drift of opinion at
present is against it, but intimates that
sentiments in its favor will probably
grow among the people and that another
generation might be favorably disposed
towards union with tho United States,
Holbrook, Miss., Deo. 31.—Detective
Pratt was given a letter to-day received
by a Nova Scotia family last wook, from
down cast, stating that Thompson, tho
alleged murderer of Mrs. White, of
Bromtree, Mass., ia known to be in a
certain town in Nova Scotia. A detectivo will investigate.
Washinoton, Dec, 31.—Tho state
department haa been informed by the
U. S. minister at Pokin of the following
edict of the ompress dowager published
in the. Pokin Gazette of Nov. 9th: "The
emperor having reverently succeeded to
his exalted inheritance, and, Increasing
day by day in maturity, it is becoming
ho should select a virtuous consort to
assist in the ministration of the palace, to
control tho members of his household
and to encourago the emperor himself ih
upright conduct. Let, therefore, Yoh
Ho Na La, daughter of Deputy Lieut,-
Gen. Knei Hsiang, whom we have selected for her dignified and virtuous oharaoter, becomo ompress." By a further
edict of tho same date: "Let Ja La La,
aged fifteen years, daughter of Chang
Hsu, formerly vice president of the
hoard, becomo secondary consort of tho
first rank, and let Ta Ta La, aged thirteen also daughter of Chang Hsu, formerly president of the board, become
concubine of the second rank. Respect
this."
New York, Dec. 31.—For the year
18S8 tho exports of gold from hero wero
832,370,471 and imuorts §5,944,369, a
not loss of $26,426,102. In 1887 tho ex
ports were ?6,48S,S20, imports 838,642,
480, a net gain of $32,153,630.
Sax Bernardino, Dec. 31. — Firo
this morning destroyed eight saloons and
thirteen buildings near the depot. Tho
burnt district was the low portion of the
town, and it is believed tho fire was incendiary.   Loss $20,000.
Nashville, Tenn., Deo. 31.—The
third congressional district election
was decided this morning by Chancellor Allison, who dismissod Creed F.
Bates' bill asking that tho governor
bo restrained from issuing certificate of
election to Clay Evans. This decision
gives a certificate of oloction to Evans,
tho Republican Tho ohancellor holds
that tho court of equity .did not have
jurisdiction and a mandamus would
not hold against tho governor.
Portland, Ory., Dec. 31.—George
Smith while hunting at Hood River a
a few days ago shot at what he auppos-
ed was a deer entering a thicket. On
going to the spot he found that he had
fatally wounded Richard Schleussing,
who had also been hunting and wbb
caraying homo a deer which he had
killed. Schleussing died in a few
houn.
New. York, . Jan. 2.—A Port nu
Prince special Bays: "Articles in tho
Haytien newspapera contain furious
threats against Minister Thompson,
and many Americans have been arrested, both men and women. The
American consulate is filled with refugees. Hippolyto's army is marching
on Port au Prince. Lesritime says he
will show no clemency to foreigners
interfering in Haytion politics. Legitime told a correspondent he would
shoot 500 if necessary. The excitement is intense and Americans are in
danger of their lives.'"
New York, Jnn. 2.—The Mail and
Express in an extra edition prints a
despatch from Port au Prince, dated
December 31st, stating the Haytien
nowBpapers treat Mr. Thomson, the
United Statos minister to Haytia, in a
very violent manner and that soveral
Americans have been-put under arrest.
The despatch also states the American
consulate is filled with refugees.
Legitimo is said to have announced ho
will, if necessary, shoot foreigners who
interfere in the politics of Haytia.
Santiago de Cuba, Jan. 2.—The
American squadron, undor Admiral
Luce, Bailed- yesterday for this port
with the Haytien Ropublic in tow of
tho flagship Galena. Tho American
residents nro angry becauso Luce was
not ordered to oxaot indemnity, Tho
Haytion Republic will await a crew
here and tako a cargo of logwood to
Boston.
Albany, N. Y, Jan. 2.—Communications rend nt tho office of tho stnto
board of health indicate the possibility of a amnll-pox epidemic thia
winter. The disease seems to be
spreading eastward. While there is as
yet no occasion for groat alarm it
would bo advissblo for all who have
not dono so to bo vaccinated.
Chicaoo, Jan. 2.—Seller's hotel, a
four-story building, was destroyed by
firo yesterday and two servant girls
wore burned to death. Many boarders
woro more more or less injured by
jumping from windows.
Springfield, Matt., Jan, 2,—The
diphtheria epidomio it here. Forty
cases are under treatment and the
schools are closed.
Nbw York, Jan. 2.—Haytien Minister Proaton when ahown tho despatch
from Port nu Prince published in the
Mail and Express this afternoon reipeoting foreigners arrested and especially Americans who interfere in Haytian politics, aaid he had received no
information in conformity with tuch
report, nor had ho heard of any complaint! about foreign interference, aod
that he thoreforo did not believe the
itory.
Buffalo, Jan. 2.—The backers of
Sullivan and Kilrain expect to hold a
meeting on Monday, when they will
come to an understanding regarding
the light between the two, which hat
ae
been talked over so muoh for the past
few months.
New Orleans, Jnn. 2.—The str. H.
O. Wnrmuth was sunk in collision Inst
night with the str. Sarah, and one of
the lady passengers waa drowned.
Irvinoton„.N.Y., Jan, 2—The ice
in Washington Park broko yosterday
and fifteen persons who wero skating
fell into the water. Two woro drowned.
London, Jan. 2.—The liouse of the
Austrian embassador, Count Karoly,
was entered by burglars last night.
Jewelry belonging to the countess and
valued at $15,000 was stolen.
Belgrade, Jan. 2.—Four radical
members of the chambers of deputies
have been arrested on suspicion of conspiring against the government.
London, Jan. 2.—The grain market
to-day was quiet and prices firm.
England's supply of wheat last week
floats up 60,000 quarters. Despatches
from tho continent report a deficiency
in the wheat receipts and quotations
are higher.
St. Petersburg, Jan. 2.—Additional arrests are being made of Nihilists
and railway officials on suspicion nf
being concerned in the attempt to
wreck the imperial train at Boski.
Belgrade, Jan. 2.—The conflict, botween King Milan and the Skuplschina
has broken out at laat. The committee on constitution report thoy nrrr rtn-
ablo to agree becauso the radicals insist
on amendments, and havo informed
the kimt. Tho latter threatens to dissolve thu Skuptschina unless the constitution ia passed, and rule tho country without its help. Under thia threat
the committee adopted the constitution
as it stood, but it has to go tu the main
body for approval. It will probably
bo rejected. The crisis is as acute as
ever.
London, Jan. 2.—It is reported at
Suakim thut Digma remains at Handoub. He has ton thousand men and
fivo cannon, ond is preparing for another fight.
Belgrade, Jan. 2.—A reportod conspiracy- to dethrone King Milan has
been discovered and several persons
arrestod. Among them aro several
members of tho skuptrichina and rncti-
•cals.    There is intenao excitement.
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WEEKLY BRITISH COLUMBIAN. Weekly British Columbian
Weilncsdny Horning, Jan. *. MM.
NOTES AND COMMENTS.
The Glouohester Advertiser says:
A man wbo is owing us a little bill
said he would call last week and
pay us if he was alive. He still
appears on the street, but as he
did not call, it is naturally supposed that he is dead, and is walking about to save funeral expenses.
Says an exchange : The actors
of the United States ask that the
importation of foreign actors be
forbidden under the foreign labor
law. Their request granted, a perpetual injunction against the critics
will then be in order. The date of
closing the theatres, owing to lack
of patronage, will be in sight.
The Tacoma Ledger of a late date
makes the followingsonsible remark :
It is to be hoped that nn amendment
tothe constitution may some day
be made by which the president of
the United States may be chosen
by a direct vote of the people, thereby abolishing the absurd electoral
college and its complicated machinery,
A company has been formed in
New York to connect the Sandwich
Islands with each other by means of
a submarine cable and to extend
this cable from Honolulu to San
Francisco. Previous to its construction the projectors of the work will
try a novel experiment. They
have bought 100 pairs of tbe best
imported breeds of homing pigeons
and have shipped them to Honolulu. From there they will forward
a number to each of the islands in
the group and establish pigeon
stations until the cable is completed.
An exchange says : We would
commend to the sawmill owners
who are wrestling with the sawdust problem the action of Maine
milltnen, who ship large quantites
of that material for use instead of
sand in mortar, as well as for the
making of moulding and cornice
work. If some enterprising Oanadian would enter into the business
of the economic disposition of the
sawdust that accumulates around
the mills of the Dominion he would
reap a fortune as well as incur the
blessing of all concerned in the fisheries.
An exchange says : It has frequently been charged against Oharles
Dickens that the names he gave to
some of his characters were purely
fictitious. As a matter of fact,
however, the direct opposite was
the case, for Dickens was a close
student of the signs on shop fronts
in all parts of London, and wherever
he came across a name that sounded
somewhat peculiar he jotted it down
for future reference. Venus, the
name of one of his characters, has
been considered apochryphal, and
yet here is a living Luke Venus,
' who has instituted divorce proceedings against hiswife in Chicago.
Dickens, the man, may be dead,
but his works live.
Says an exchange : There are
probably very few people who know
the name of the inventor of the
wheelbarrow. That sculptor, painter, architect, engineer—in fact,
many-sided genius and universal
scholar, Leonardo da Vinci, of
Italy—the man who painted the
original picture of "The Last Supper"—is the inventor of the wheelbarrow. His fertile brain conceived
the idea about the year Columbus
discovered America. It is hardly
possible to think of a man who was
touched with the highest order of
the divine art of painting bringing
himself down to the diametrically
opposite study of a simple mechani
cal invention, but such is the case,
says history.
An American exchange says :
The oyster pirates of the Chesapeake are proving themselves a
cheerfully murderous set of cutthroats. They have not only arrayed themselves against Uncle
Sam's formidable navy, but on Saturday night a fleet of them opened
fire on an inoffensive passenger
steamer, and if the pirates had not
been very bad shots there might
have been bloodshed, Certainly
something should be done with
theae dangerous pirates, It may be
all very well to send, so to speak,
the flower of our navy to Hayti,
but it would be well to send the
vegetable garden part of it down
to protect our native waters. The
oyster is a frolicsome and delicious
bird, but even in the deep or in the
succulent pan roast there muBt be
certain qualms of conscience in disposing of him when we feel that
we are, in a manner, receivers of
stolen goods.
A writer in a Halifax paper, con-
eluding a lot of good advice to farmers, says: Be generous in your
homes, and good to your boys.
Make farm life so pleasant that they
will want to be farmers. Give them
plenty of education, and less land.
Pay them when they work. Why
not hire your own boy instead of
strangers"   Don't get mad   when
they ask for the horse and a holiday,
but just think about the first time
you took a girl to a picnic. Just
remember you were young once
yourselves. Some men work the life
nearly out of their boys, giving them
no pocket money, clothe them in
about four dollars a year, and thus
drive them off of the farm and out
of the country, and then blame Sir
Oharles Tupper for it. Farmers
have driven more boys out of Nova
Scotia then politicians have, and I
would like to see them stop it,
Boys are getting too cute to work
fifteen hours a day, wear home-made
clothes to meeting, and step around
all winter in green hide moccasins
whioh makes each foot look like a
three-year-old steer ; and then if he
wants to buy an ice-cream he has to
catch two rabbits before he can
afford it. Treat your boys well
and they will stick to the farm.
This is the way they intend to
"do us up," according to the Chicago Tribune: Oanada has now a
debt whose weight is almost crushing on its small population and
scant resources, but it still shows
no signs of a desire to reduce it.
It even seems to eye with complacency the prospect of an increase.
The Dominion government has just
ordered two large guns, that will
cost a quarter or half million, which
it proposes to plant somewhere on
its seacoast for "defensive purposes."
What an utter wasto of money
this isi What power, unless it be
the United States, would ever
attack Oanada" But if war were
to come between the two countries,
it would not help our northern
neighbor if its entire seacoast were
ringed around with 500 or 1,000-
pounders. If there wore a fight—
which heaven forbid—we should
not go trifling around the mouth of
the St. Lawrence, nor should we
fritter away our energies as in the
war of 1812. Ina month or less
from the declaration of hostilities
we should have Montreal and Winnipeg. The possession of those two
points would cut the Dominion into
three pieces, and we could pick up
the fragments when we got ready.
The Canadians would save money
by melting their cannon down for
ploughshares.
B, L. Stevenson, in the December
Scribuer's, has the following, appropriate to the season : To look hack
upon the past year, and see how
little we have striven and to what
small purpose; and how often wo
have been cowardly und hung baok,
or temerarious and rushed unwisely
in; and how every day and ull day
long we have transgressed the law
of kindness;—it may seem a paradox, but in the bittorncs of these
discoveries, a certain consolation
resides. Life is not designed to
minister to a man's vanity. He
goes upon his long business most of
the time with a hanging head, and
all the time like a blind child. Full
of reward and pleasure as it is—so
that to see the day break or the
moon rise, or to meet a friend, or to
hear the dinner-call when he is hungry, fills him with surprising joys—
this place is yet for him no abiding
city. Friendships fall through,
health fails, weariness assails him;
year after year, he must thumb the
hardly varying record of his own
weakness and folly. It is a friendly process of detachment. When
the time conies that he should go,
there need be few illusion!) left about
himself. "Here lies one who meant
well, tried a little, failed much :"—
surely that may be his epitaph, of
which he need not to lie ashamed.
Nor will he complain at the summons, which calls il defeated soldier
from the field : defeated, ay, if he
were Paul or Marcus Aureliusl—
but if there is still one inch of light
in his old spirit, undislionored.
Give him n maroh with his old
bones ; there, out of the glorious sun-
colored earth, out of the dny and
dust, and the eontasy—there goes
another Faithful Failure"
A Cure for Deafness.-:Tlioro have
been mnny remarkable cures of rlcafnosB
mado by tbe use of Hngyarrl's Yollow
Oil, the great household remedy for pain,
inflammation and soreness. Yellow Oil
cures Rheumatism, Sore Throat and
Croup, anil is useful internally and externally for all pains and injuries.
The Dominion government haa secured for A. Holt, a Oanadian, un indemnification of $1,000 from the
United Slates government for false imprisonment ut Wyoming  threo  years
ago.
 _~.—. ., .	
Presence of Mind.—Presence of mind
is good in caae of accidents and emergencies, and when coupled with Hag-
yard'a Yellew Oil will often aave life,
Yellow Oil cures all painful injuries,
burns, scalds, bruises, frost bites, rheumatic and neuralgic pains and is in fact
a handy and reliable surgical aid.
CASTORIA
for Infants and Children.
Agents: T. N. HIBBEN & CO.. Victoria.
dwno21m3
' ''OMtortais»wdl»d8pl«Itoehndi«nUia» I CutorU cures Colic, Qwatlpstlon,
m So. OxfortSt, Brooklyn, N.Y.   | Wlt&out tajurioui medication.
Ttoe Cextauk Commot, 77 Murray Street, N. Y.
Grand Clearing Sale!
-OF-
$35,000 OF STOCK.
JAMES ELLARD & CO.
Beg to inform the people of New Westminster City
and District that they will offer their
entire Stock of
DRY GOOD
At COST for CASH.
GOODS MUST BE SOLD
Sale commencing 12th October, 1888.
dwoclStc
Practical Watchmaker,  Manufacturing
Jeweler & Optician.
OPPOSITE THE BANK OF MONTREAL.
WATCHES, CLOCKS, JEWELRY, PLATED WARE, &C,
* BEST QUALITY.   EASTERN PRICES.
A full line nf Spectacles & Eye-GIaSSCS in steel, rubber', silvor and gold
frames.   The finest Pebbles made, $4 per pair; all sights suited.
Special attention givon to FINE WATCH REPAIRS. Having learned tb
business thoroughly from some of the finest Horologors in England, and eince then
managed the watch-repairing departments of a few of the best firms ou the continent of America, Ib a sufficient guarantee of good workmanship. Formerly manager for nearly 8 years of the well-known firm of Savago k Lyman, Montreal.
Charges Moderate,
Montreal, Dec, 1887.—Mr. F. Crake.—Andw. Robertson, Esq., Chairman ol
Montreal Harbor Commissioners, sav8: "I never found a Watchmaker who did so
well for me as you did when in Montreal, and I am lorry you are not here to-day."
dwapltto
Douglas & Deighton,
MANUFACTURERS ANO IMPORTERS OF
HARNESS, SADDLES and BRIDLES
SADDLEWARE, ETC.
Colonial Block,
Columbia Street,      New Westminster, B. C.
SEND IN YOUR ORDERS.   ALL WORK OF THE BEST MATERIAL AND
WORKMANSHIP.   PRICES LOW.
noldwly
WM. McCOLL,
CHOICE
Family Groceries
And PROVISIONS.
 ALSO	
A WELL-SELECTED STOCK OF
DRYGOODS
AND FURNISHINGS.
AT THE LOWEST PRICES.
LUNDBOHM'S BLOOK,
Columbia Street,       New Westminster.
noldwly
Dominion Lands.
TF YOU ARE PAYING FOR YOUR
1 Pre-emption or for rent of Mining or
GrazliiL' Land, or buying Farm, Mining
or any land from the Dominion Government,
DO NOT PAY GASH
But pay ln SOKIF and save a
large discount,
Hcrln cun bo obtained ln large or small
quantities from
ALL0WAY & CHAMPION;
WINNIPEG,   MANITOBA,
OH  FKOM
THK BANK OF BRITISH COLUMBIA,
NEW WESTMINSTER
dwmhsto
so
oet
oo
£3
"IS
G-O
§3
(I)
h
H
H
H
fl
3i
O *
0
ti
id t
p
•i—i
CO
u
ti
o
rQ
C. McDONOUGH,
(LUNDBOM'S BUILDING, FRONT STREET)
35BAX.SSS   BT
GENERAL MERCHANDISE!
Constantly on Hnnd on Extensive Stook of
Dry Goods, Groceries,  Boots A Shoes, Hats A Caps,
Crockery, Glassware, At:
IMC-BBB-'S     £xs    BOYS'      SUITS.
Groat Varioty of Household Artioles,   Also,
GRAIN,  SEEDS, POTATOES, LIME and   GENERAL STORES.
Jf. B.—Farm Produco bought at market rates or sold ou commission,  na-Orrlors
Irom the Interior promptly attended to. ■     .. _ dwjefjto »'
VANCOUVER CITY
FoundryiMachineWorks
mHE    PROPRIETORS    OF	
J. works have muoh pleasure In notifying tbelr Mends and the publio that they
are now prepared to receive and promptly
execute any orders for work ln tlielr line
with which they may be favored.
A.McKELVIE,
Mechanical Manager.
Vanoouver, B.C., 8th May, 1888.
 dwmyl2to
MJiu'ilal forks
CHURCH STREET.
ALEX. HAMILTON, PROPRIETOR
The above Worka are re-opened and in
addition to the present marble stook
will shortly receive several Monuments of the finest
ABERDEEN & NEW  BRUNSWICK
GRANITE,
 wje27to
PORT  HAMMOND
NURSERY
Fruit Trees,
Ornamental Trees,
Small Fruits,
And GARDEN STOCK ton hand In great
variety.
Everything Bret-class and furnished ln
good shape.
aa. Rend 15 cts. for valuable 80-page Descriptive Catalogue with 6 beautiful colored plates,  Price Lists sent free.
dwdelOto
G. W. HENRY,
Port Hammond, B. C.
Winter Time Table!
STR. "RAINBOW"
LEAVES VICTORIA FOR WE8TMIN-
ster
Every Monday & Friday.
Leaves Westminster for Victoria
Every Thursday & Saturday,
At 7 A. M.
Leaves Westminster for Vancouver and
Nanaimo,
Every Tuesday Morning
At 7 o'clock, returning tbe following day.
W. J. MATHERS,
dwoc23m3 Agent.
WILL CURE OR RELIEVE
BILIOUSNESS,        DIZZINESS,
DYSPEPSIA,
INDIGESTION,
JAUNDICE.
ERYSIPELAS,
SALT RHEUM,
HEARTBURN,
HEADACHE,
•ROPSY,
FLUTTERING
OF THE HEART,
iCIDITY OF
THE STOMACH
DRYNESS
OF THE SKIN,
And every species of dlsensa arising from
dlsordcrod LIVVH,    KIBNilYS,   STOMAOH,
DOWELS OR   BLOOD,
T.H1LBURN&G0.)-,>^,4SSokt<»
ClearingOut
SALE
—FOR—
Sixty Days!
—OF—
MEM
<SC oo.
Real  Estate,
INSURANCE
 AKD	
Financial Agents
Purchase, Sell and Lease Property,
Collect Rents,
Make Loans on Mortgages,
And tronaaot all Business relating to
RealEatate.
—AGENTS FOR—
london Assurance Corporation.
Connectlcnt Fire Insurance Co. of
Hartford.
london and Lancashire life Assurance Co.
Canton Insuranco Office, Ld. (Marine)
-AND-
OFFICES:
Columbia St., New West'r
41 Government St., Victoria
dwael'yl l^^k
DEMOCRAT & EXPRESS
WAGONS,
Buggies, Alibi, Ik
—Auio—
Wagon & Carriage Material
COMPRISING
BUGGY GKAR, SHAFTS,
.     PATENT WHBL8, POLES,
HDBI, SPOKES, RIMS,
SLEIGH K.TJNNBH8.
HARD WOOD LUMBER,
FELLOES, ETC., ETC.
All the above will be sold at coat for
caah for 60 days, ob we want to make
room for new machinery, 1
This stoek has been imported direct
from the manufacturers, and is of the
very best quality.
KEID & OUBRIE.
dwnolm2

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