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The British Columbian, Weekly Edition Feb 6, 1889

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The British Columbian.
Every Afternoon except Sunday,
At their Steam   Printing Establishment, Columbia Street.
For 13 months IS 00
For 8 mouths 4 25
For 8 monthB SI 26
For 12 months; 110 00
For 8 montbs «... 6 25
Per month     90
Per week     So
Payment ln all cases (except for weekly
rate) to be made In advance.
Issued every Wnrtncdny Morning.
Delivered In tbe City, per year. W.00
Hailed, peryear  100
Mailed, 6 months....  1.25
Transient Adverllseineuls.-FlrBt lusertion, 10 ots. per line solid nonpareil; each
subsequent consecutive insertion, 3 cts. per
Hue, Advertisements not Inserted every
day—first Insertion, 10 ots. per tine; subsequent Insertions, 5 cts. per line.
Standing Adverllscnienn.-1'rofesslon-
al or Business Cards—82 per month. Special rates for general trade advertising,
aooording to space occupied and duration
of contract.
Auction Sales, when displayed, charged
25 per cent, less than transient advts, If
solid, charger! at regular transient rates.
Special Hollers among reading mailer,
20 cts, per line eaoh Insertion, Specials
Inserted by tbe month at reduced rates.
Births, Marriages and Deaths,81 for each
Insertion', Funeral Notices ln connection
with deaths, 50 cts. ench Insertion.
Transient Advertisements.—First Insertion, 10cts. per line solid nonpareil; sub-
sequent Insertions, 7 cts. per line.
Standing; Advertisements.—Professional or Business Cards—81.50 per month.
Special rates for general trade advertising.
Special Notices, Births, Marriages nnd
Deaths, same rates as Dally.
Cult must be all metal, and for lurge cuts
au extra rate will be charged.
set-Persons sending ln advertisements
should be careful to state whether they
are to appear In tho Dally Edition, or tbe
Weekly, or both. A liberal reduction ls
mado whon inserted In both. No advertisement inserted for less than §1,
Who do not receive their paper regularly,
from tho Carriers or through the Post
Oflice, will confer a favor by reporting the
same to the office of publication at once.
appointed for Westminster district,
not merely for the cities of Westminster or Vanoouver. If the latter were tho case, we might not
think it worth while to dispute the
World's statement that Vanoouver
may excel this city somewhat in
the quantity of litigation; but the
district must be taken into account.
It must be remembered, in the first
place, that the district is extensive
both in area, population and interests, that the two latter are increasing rapidly, and that the district as
a whole has a pretty good record
already of county court business to
the square mile; in the second place,
that Westminster is the true centre
of the large and important district
in question, whether viewed from a
registration, litigation, or any other
standpoint; and that, therefore, it
would be neither fair nor just to
subordinate, or, rather, sacrifice, the
interests of the whole district and
of this oity as well to those of Vancouver, whatever inflated an esti
mate may be formed of that city's
prospeotivo commercial importance
by those interested in magnifying
the same, Vancouver has got accustomed to receiving favors from the
"powers that be"—as the News put
it rather aptly, a few months ago,
"the big battalions" are on its side
—and we may be sure that both the
house of commons and the provincial legislature will be closely besieged for more "tips" during the
sessions immediately at hand. This
is all right, of course; but, while
Westminster has no reason to be
jealous of the "salt water terminus,"
it behooves her oitizens also to look
out for No. 1, and sne that the interests of the royal city are neither
sacrificed nor slighted.
Weekly British Columbian.
Wednesday Horning, Feb. 8, 1888.
The other day we were forced to
objeot to the World?* manner of
forming a new registration district,
having its centre at Vancouver. As
our readers know, we did not object
to such a district being created, hut
simply to the World's suggestion
which could only result in inconvenience and hardship if carried
out—that the municipality of
Delta should be included in the proposed district,when everyone knows
that this city is many miles nearer
to that seotion than is Vancouver.
The proposed ohango would, in faot,
compel those seeking a registry
office from Delta to travel right past
this city and on to Vancouver, thus
losing a day at least, and, more
probably, two days. Even the mu
nicipality of Richmond, which the
World appropriates as a matter of
course, is, as to its greater part,
more conveniently situated with a
view to this city remaining its registry centre, than for that centre to
be changed to Vancouver. If we
ake the near future into account,
too, when Westminster will be even
more closely connected with the
North Arm, by a road on the mainland, and a bridge at the head of
Lulu Island connecting this oity
directly with a road right through
the heart of the Richmond municipality, Vancouver loses still further
its claim to be a convenient centre
for even the Richmond municipality. However, we don't want to
be hoggish und might concede Richmond for registration district purposes, on account of Vancouver's ut-
ter destitution of an agricultural environment otherwise. But the
World is not content by any means
with the prospect of a registration
centre at Vancouver. It wants to
scoop the proposed county court
judge for this district, On this
subject the World says: "It is
known that at least three additional
county court judges are shortly to
be appointed. There are to be one
each for the distriots of New Westminster, Yale and Nanaimo, There
is no wish on the part of tho World
to disturb or interfere with the law
oourts as they are now established in
New Westminster, but as a new
order of things is to be created we
see no good reason why the office
of the oounty court judge for this
district should not be located in
Vancouver. It is admitted that
the major portion of the business to
be brought before that functionary
will be from this oity, whioh is so
rapidly coming to the front as the
leading commercial city of the province." It must be remembered
that the county oourt judge will be
Speoial to Tho Columbian.1
Victoria, Jau. 30.—A team belonging to Arthur Peet became frightened
by exploding fire-crackers and ran
away. A Chinaman attempted to stop
the team and was knocked down and
seriously injured,
M, E. Graves has received the appointment of librarian to the house of
A drunken man fell off the railway
bridge into the harbor last night and
was rescued by a boat.
The W. O. T. U. lins purchased a
houso and lot on Cormorant street,
where a home for unfortunate women
will be established.
The Nanaimo Courier Bays: "Prospecting for Texada quartz ledges Btill
continues. A mining expert visited
tlio uew Eldorado last wees and it is
understood he was very favorably impressed with the character of many
ledges examined, A well known
gentleman conversant with geological
formation of the Island and who haB
made extensive studies of geology,
Bays another precious metal abounds
on the Island, but did not state what
it was. He snid full particulars will be
revealed in a few days."
Victoria, Feb. 1.—The new law
courts were opened this afternoon by
Lieut. -Governor Nelson. A large
number of ladies and gentlemen were
present and witnessed the ceremony,
Tho building will be opon to the public this evoning.
Total customs collection at this port
for Jan. is 951,313.78.
Canon Cooper's Mission,
Children Cryfor
An Ottawa despatch says : Canon
Cooper, who has been working in
British Columbia for some months in
the interests of the Ohurch Missionary
Society, was here to-day en route to
England. Mr. Cooper makes his
headquarters at Kamloops, and his
mission field is 400 miles long by 500
broad. He is desirous, while in
England, to secure some female emigrants for the Pacific province, but in
view of the Dominion government's
decision not to grant any assistance to
immigrants hereafter, lie will not be
able to count on federal aid. He is
hopeful, however of being able to
obtain some assistance from the British
Columbia government.
There jb a sequel to the blackballing
of Mayor Erratt by the Ottawa club.
A suit for $3 was entered by the
Mayor in the Division Oourt against
Fred Colson, a well-known civil servant
and a member of tho Ottawa olub.
The amount is the balance due on a
large nccount. Tho affair has caused
no end of talk, as Colson does not
admit that he voted for the admission
of thia candidate.
Leaflets wero distributed in the
Montreal Oatholio churches Sunday
calling upon tho faithful to abstain
from public rejoicings as much as possible during carnival week, as an atonement for the numeroui sins which will
be committed during that period.
Job printing of all kinds neatly done
at the Columbian offloe. Prices will be
(ound as low as at any other offico in
the province —Adv
Plteher's Castoria;
PresB Despatches.
San Fhancisco, Jan. 28,—Drunken
men in south San Francisco engaged
in a fight last night and inflicted savage wounds on one another. Wm.
Christie had his head laid open, John
Dillon was terribly battered and had
one of his fingers almost torn off and
Jacob Trantwine received such wounds
about hia head and body as may cause
his death.
Ottawa, Jan. 29.—It is reported in
official circles that the government will
shortly announcoitsabandonmentof the
modus vivendi which authorizes the issue of fishing licenses to American
vessels. Existing licenses will continue to hold good until they lapse.
Baltimore Md., Jan. 29.—The Sun
this morning had an interview with
Secretary Bayard in which he declares
that Germany has not insulted the
American flag nor given cause for war.
Question of peace or war now resta
with congress.
San Antonio, Jan. 29.—News has
reached here of a terrible accident to
the west bound train on the Southern
Pacitic yesterday, near Plum Creek
bridgd. A freight train had been derailed and the passenger train, which
had stopped to render assistance, was
run into by a heavy freight train. A
wrecking train with doctors was Bent
on from here last night. The number
of fatalities and casualties is not yet
Albion, Neb., Jan. 30.—Jas. M.
Williams was shot and killed last night
by Benj. Skillman, for the betrayal
of Skillmnn's sister, Rebecca. The
murderer is still at large.
Denveii, Jan. 30.—The cabin of
John Grinvod and Geo. Alberice, at
Leadville, was partially destroyed by
giant powder nn Monday night. Both
men were lifted from their bed by the
explosion but were uninjured. Grin-
rrrd was witnoss in a recent murder
trial and his testimony aided in convicting the murderer. The latter expects a new trial and it is supposed
his friends, who do not want Grinrod's
testimony, took this way of getting rid
of him.
New York, Jan. 30.—The second
day of the tie-up opened quietly. The
Bleoker st. line sent out the first car
somewhat later than usual and was not
molested. The 3rd Avenue line started on schedule time without interference. The first trouble to-day occurred at Grand st. and South Fifth Avenue whero tho mob placed a coal wagon
acrosB the tracks in front of the car.
The police charged upon the mob
which fled in wild disorder and the obstruction was removed.
11 o'clock.—The strikers and police
had an encounter on Carmine st, A
gang of strikers had upset several
trucks and milk wagons, completely
blockading the Sixth Avenue tracks
between Bedford and Bleecker sts.
Hostilities began when the next car
approached the vicinity, on the way
down town. An immense crowd assembled and the police made a drive
to scatter it and freely used their clubs.
The rioters held their ground and Officer Shannahan waB knocked down.
Captains Copeland and Brogan, with
reserves, hastened to the scene and
were received with a shower of stones
from house to house, that battered in
their helmets. Policeman Burns,
whose club was wrenohed from him by
the mob, drew his pistol and fired into
the crowd. Tho police at this moment
charged the crowd and clubbing right
and left Boon cleared the street. The
men with battered and bleeding heads
ran in every direction. One man is
reported shot. Several strikers were
arraigned at the police court this
morning. Some were sentenced to
pay fines and some sent to the Island
for short terms; others were held for
trial on criminal charges,
12 o'clock.—Several polico alarms
have already been given this morning
and skirmishes have takon place in different quarters, the police boing victorious always. At police headquarters
no uneasiness is felt and it is even asserted the backbone of the striko Inr,
already been broken. About five hundred strikors assembled at 45th st. and
Broadway and attempted to tear the
track up to Btop cars running. Tho
police charged and drove them back
after the Btrikers had upset four large
trucks across the tracks. Stores in the
vicinity have put up thoir shutters and
locked the doors.
Salt Lake City, Jan. 30.—A train
on the Fort Douglass Ry., osrryinga
heavy load of stone from the quarries,
yosterday, became uncontrollable, the
rails being covered with ice. It tore
down the grade with tremendous speed
and after going a short distance was
wrecked. Geo. Walker and Joseph
Young, brakemon, were struck on the
head by falling rock and killed.
Montreal, Jan. 30.—The ice broke
while 16 men and 20 horses were crossing near Sudbury, Ontario, yeaterday,
and all were drowned.
Huron, Cal., Jan. 30. — Antone
Mendosa, a sheep-owner worth $30,-
000, engaged in a quarrel with Manuel
Cordosn on Monday, Cordosa stabbed
him to death.   Oordosa was arrested.
Loniion, Jan. 30 Prince Rudolph,
crown prince of Austria, died suddenly
to-day at Meirling, in Baden, from a
stroke of apoplexy,
Later. —It is now believed Rudolph
died of heart disease, He was found
by his valet dead in bed this morning.
London. Jan. 30.—It is reported
that the government will recommend
that parliament grant a subsidy tn the
International Cable Co. Sir Wm.
Armstrong, president of the company,
undertakes to lay a cable from Halifax,
N. S., to Bermuda and two from England to Halifax, one direct and the
other via Lisbon. The Bermuda cable
will be extended to other West India
Islands and will eventually bo laid
thence to Charleston, South Carolina.
A promise is given that the cables will
be laid during this season, and another
will be completed by the Bume Co. between New York and Halifax direot,
landing at Coney Island and giving the
U. S. an indepenent line of telegraphic
communication with Europe.
Manchester, Jan. 80.—Wm,
O'Briun, breakfasted this morning With
the mayor after which he started for
Dublin under an escort of police. The
party managed by a feint to escape the
crowd collected towilnessMr. O'Brien's
departure and the officers got their
prisoner off without any demonstration.
As the train passed through Ohester a
large crowd gathered at tlie depot and
cheered O'Brien.
St. John, N. B., Jan. 30.-The
Canadian Pacific Railway telegraph
line having been completed to this
point, they opened Iheir office here
at noon to-day for busmeBs. The
building of this line has been carried
on with characteristic energy and they
are deserving of the greatest praise
for the manner in which they have
pushed it through to completion.
They havo encountered the greatest
difficulties, having had to fight their
way from Mattawaumkeag inch by
inch, no less than seven injunctions
having been taken out against tbem
to proveut the construction of this
section. Thoro is general satisfaction
felt hore over the fact that the Maritime provinces are now brought into
communication by one continuous
telegraphic system with the Pacific
coast, thus forming a connection between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans.
San Francisco, Jan. 31.—The 0.
S. warahip Adams, from Apia, Samoa,
Dec. 7th, has arrived. Captain Leary
says the German warships there are
wooden, but better equipped than the
American. "I think, however," said
the captain, "we could have given an
account of ourselves at short range.
As regards the conduct of the Germans I would prefer to say nothing,
as my feelings might get the better of
my judgment."
London, Jan. 31.—Daring burglary
wbb committed at the rosidenoe of
Ool. White, secretary of the American
legation, last night. The house,
which is in Ramsgate, near Ascot, was
entered by thieves some time after
midnight and robbed of jewelry snd
nther valuables to the amount of 835,-
000. All the jewels were in a casket
belonging to Mrs. White. The burglars seem to have beeu informed of
this, for the moment they secured it
they left the houso. The broken and
empty case was found in an outhouse.
The police were informed of the
burglary this morning and are trying
to find a clue to the robbers. No
arrests have yet been made.
Carson, Nov., Jan. 31.—The assembly has passed a bill prohibiting
women from wearing hats moro than
three inches above the hoad in places
of amusement.
San Dieoo, Oal., Jnn. 31.—While
dinning nt the Garibaldi House last
night Geo. Minoli, nn Italian fruit
dealer, quarreled with Louis Tonini,
proprietor of tho place, and Manuel
Oampi the cook. The latter attacked
Minoli with a butcher knife and Tonini used a hammer. Minoli was
fatally wounded and died this morning.
New York, Jan. 31.—Searle, the
champion oarsman, writes that he has
no idea of leaving Australia and thnt
if O'Connor or anyone elso wants to
row him ho must go to tho antipodes.
New York, Jan. 31,—The outlook
of the strike situation here and in
Brooklyn to-day is somewhat more
favorable. In this cily cars have been
run out on the 23rd street and Sixth
avenue lines and were not molested.
Ench cur on the former line, however,
carried 4 policemen nnd on tho lottor
C. It is confidently expected that
serious difficulty will be experienced
later in the day. The strikers have
not yet assembled in large numbers,
and tho formidable array of blue-coats
around the stables has intimidated the
comparatively fow strikers. The employees now out of work are growing
more and more desperate and the patience of the police has been strained
to very near the limit of endurance.
Fourth avenue cars have been started
and have reached Park Row in safety.
Drivers and conductors have been
hissed and jeered at, but no violence
has been offered. It is reported the
Broadway line will soon send out a
oar. A car has been started on Fifth
avenue line in Brooklyn and has
reached the bridge without serious
trouble. Enormous crowds collected
along the line and there is muoh excitement, but it il believed the deadlock has been successfully broken.
London, Jan. 31.—The British
Medical Journal reoeived a despatch
from Vienna which Btates that Rudolph's death was caused by a rupture
of the cardiao walls with effusion of
blood into the pericardium.
London, Jan. 31,—United States
Miniiter and Mrs, Phelps made adieus
to England to-day and sot sail for
America on the North German Lloyd
steamer   Lahn, from Southampton.
They received a hearty farewell on
all sides. Hosts of Americans and
foreign diplomats gathered at Waterloo Btation, of the London & Southwestern railway, to say good-bye to
the minister and wife. The Baroness
Coutta presented Mrs. Phelps with a
magnificent boquet of flowers. Mr.
Phelps and wife were mot at Southampton by the mayor and municipal
authorities, who accompanied the
voyagers to the tender which took
them aboard tbe Lahn.
London, Jan. 31.—A despatch from
Rome saya that the Crown Prince
Rudolph of Austria wbb shot by a
foreBter whom he had wronged.
Dublin, Jan. 31.—Editor O'Brien,
who was arrested at Manchester on
Tuesday night, was hurried off to
HolyneaA*n<l brought *ere by the
mail boat. He was taken at once to
Olonmel and lodged in jail. He refused to be Shaved and made violent
resistance but was held down by the
wardens while the operation waB completed. There will bo a struggle over the
prison garb which he declares ho will
not wear.
London, Jan. 31.—Germany has declared war in Samoa against Mataafa.
London, Jan. 21.—The declaration
of war against Mataafa, king of Sanies,
by the Germans is fully confirmed by
an official announcement from Berlin.
A despatch just received from Auckland, New Zealand, reports that immediately after war was declared there
the German authorities suppressed
the Samoa Times and announced that
nil foreign merchant vessels would be
searched for contraband of war. Mataafa has entrenched himself in a
strong position back of Apia with six
thousand armed men. Tho Samoans
are flocking tohis standard.
Washington, Jan. 31.—In the
senate to-day consideration of the
Samoan clauses of the diplomatic and
consular bill was resumed. Reagan
spoke of the amendment proposed by
him to the clauso appropriating 8500,-
000 to enable the president to carry
out the stipulations with Samoa. His
amendment provides that the money
shall bo usod to protect the rights of
American citizens in the island and to
preserve tho neutrality and independence of the people thereof. Reagan
Bald congress should tell the president
precisely what to do in the matter, and
ieave nothing more to his discretion,
which, he says, he haB exhausted.
Reagan Baid he agreed with Frye that
no third-rale power in Europe would
have stood the insults whioh Germany
has put upon the United State* . -
Little Rock, Ark., Jan. 31.—
Governor Eagle sent a message to the
legislature to-day stating that he had
oflered a reward of $1,000 for tho arrest and conviction of the assassin of
J. M. Clayton, who was murdered the
other day, and asking the authorities
to increase the reward. The senate
passed a bill authorizing the governor
to offer a reward of $5,000.
London, Feb. 1.—The Pali Mall
Gazette learns from a private despatch
from Vienna that Rudolph suicided in
accordance with an agreement he made
with a prince of one of the highest
families in Austria. The despatch
states that Rudolf seduced the prince's
sister. She told her brother of her
disgrace and the latter sought out the
crown prince and gave him the option
of killing himself or fighting a duel
with him. Rudolf chose the former
to avoid the open disgrace of tho lat.
ter. The physicians, after viewing the
body, refused to certify that the prince
died of apoplexy, whereupon an exciting scene occurred. One of the
physicians informed the New Frie
Press of the affair, hence the publication for which the paper is confiscated.
London, Feb. 1.—The special parliamentary commission appointed to
enquire into the late naval manoeuvres
report that the ships, with few exceptions, are unsuitable for modern warfare and the existing fleet would bo
unable to hold the sens against the
Vienna, Feb. 1.—Conflicting rumors regarding the cause of the Crown
Prince Rudolph's death are sot at rest
to-day by an official statement in the
Wiener Zeitung thnt the prince committed suicide with n revolver. Tho
physicians appointed to enquire into
the cause of death discovered a large
wound in his head which had caused
instant death,
Vienna, Fob. 1.—The Ift'ener Zeitung states this morning an autopsy
was performed last night on the remains of the Crown Prince Rudolph
by Dr. Wiederhofer. A wound was
found in the Bide of the head sufficient
to have killed the prince. The revolver with one ohamber discharged was
found lying on the bed near the dead
man's right hand. It iB theroforu concluded that Rudolph suicided. The
bones of tho skull were shattered sb
though by a bullet, no one, however,
heard the report of the revolver ns
everyone belonging to the castle were
outside, preparing for a shooting excursion. It is now stated by those
about the prince that recently he has
been morbid and norvous and therefore
the statement is made by the Vienna
Press that the prince was undoutedly
temporarily deranged. The prince
had for some time previous to hit
death boen suffering enormous headache, attributed to an injury to the
head received recently in falling from
ahorse. The Bomhjesler correspondence says Rudolph had thrice given
orders to his attache, Herr Von Szo-
gyenyl, to arrange his private papers
as if preparatory to death.
London, Feb. 1.—Patrick Malloy, a
noted Fenian, was arrested at Liverpool to-day on a charge of perjury in
connection with his recent testimony
before the Parnell Commission.
London, Feb. 1.—There is no basis
for the theories that the succession to
the throne of Austria would fall to any
other than the rich Duke Carl Ludwig,
eldest brother of the emperor. The
Salic law, which obtains in Austria,
debars the daughter of the late crown
prinoe, and Carl Ludwig becomes in-
contestibly his heir apparent. The
emperor could not change the succession if he desired to do so.
New York, Feb. l.-G. W. Smal-
loy cables the Tribune: "Prince Rudolph was well-known in London, and
when here ten years ago he was admired in, the Marlborough House set
as the only man who could stand more,
Bit up later and keep going longer than
the Prince of Wales. His relations to
the last with the Prince of Wales continued intimate and they became more
bo when the English heir apparent
sided with the Austrian heir apparent
in his quarrel wilh the German emperor. If Prince Rudolph's death has
any political effect it is likely to be in
drawing Austria and Germany closer.
The Arch Duke Louis, who succeeds,
is little known outside of his own
country. The prince was popular in
Austria. His abilities were believed
in and he was thought to possess cultured and even literary tastes. His
wife, the Princess Stephanie of Belgium, would long since have divorced
him but for reasons and influences of
state, which made the scandal of an
imperial divorce impossible. This is
domestic detail, which little, if at all,
diminishes the regret felt or expressed
all over Europe for the death of the
heir to one of the greatest and most
difficult of European thrones.
New York. Feb. I.—Major David
Porter, son of Legitime, is to help subdue the northerners under Hippolyte.
He says he is to have charge of the
entire forces of Legitime.
Lakeport, Cal., Feb. 1 —Andrew
Makin, a young barber, who has been
drinking heavily for several days, and
who had lost hia position on that account, killed his wife yesterday by
cutting her throat and then cut his
own, but he is itill living and in' jail.
Spokane Falls, Feb. 1.—The
house of Bollinger was destroyed by
fire at 11 o'clock last night, and Bollinger's two children, aged one and
three years fourteen months, were
burned to death. Bollinger was in a
neighboring saloon playing cards at
time and his wife had left the houso
and gone to the saloon after him.
New York, Feb. 1.—The official
test of Seahnkin's dynamite gun, which
throwB a 500 pound shell over a mile
and a 200 pound shell nearly two milei,
has been satisfactory to the examining
board and it is said the board will
recommend its acceptance by the government.
Brooklyn, Feb. 1.—Four cars were
run on the 5th avenue line this morning. They were filled with police and
six hundred police were distributed
along t,he line. No serious troublo
was experienced and arrangements
have been made to keep the cars running until 5 o'clock.
New York, Feb. 1.—Early morning
reports from the Btreet car tie-up in
this city to police head quarters are
that quiet prevails at all the stables.
Fourth. 6th and 3rd. avenue cars are
running without molestation. The
23rd and 42nd streets and Broadway
lines are running out cars and have
had no trouble so far. The general
tie-up threatened in Brooklyn this
morning did not occur. The quiet
with which the day began still continues. At 1 o'clock the lines running
cars had not been molested and no disturbances are reported. All are quiet
in Brooklyn.
Aubusta, Me., Feb. 1. —A bill has
been introduced in the legislature to
incorporate the Persian railroad company, for the purpose of constructing
railways in Persia, to build steamships
and operato steamboat lines between
points in any country, and to build
and maintain telegraph and telephone
lines and electric lighting plants in
Washinoton, Feb. 1.—The presij
dent notified congress that Count Arco
Valley, the German minister, informed
the state department this morning
that the German troops would be
withdrawn from Samoa and the neutrality of Samoa preserved.
Washinoton, Feb. 1.—The senate
adopted a resolution of the foreign
committee to enquire into the condition of Samoa and report what measures are needed to protect American
interests and discharge the obligations
of the U. S. to the Samoans in the
maintenance of local government free
from exclusive interference of any
power to secure the rights of the V.
S. to the future control of the island.
A meeting to form a branch of the
Evangelical Alliance was held Tuesday night at Toronto and took on an
anti-Roman Oatholio complexion.
Jamei L. Hughes, a prominent Orange
conservative, opposed the eleotion of
Hon. Oliver Mowat as president. The
meeting adjourned without action
having been taken.
The past few days of winter weather
have done wonders in brightening up
tiio hopes of those interested in the
approaching carnival, at Montreal
which promises to be n great succoss. Weekly British Columbian
Emigrated South.
Wednesday Horning, Feb. 8. 1888.
(From Daily Columbian, Feb. 1.)
The earnings of the Oanadian Pacific Railway for the week ending January 21st were $189,000, an increase of
$34,000 over that of the corresponding
week last year.
Jas. Leamy states he is ready to begin the work of grading the Southern
Railway to the boundary and will commence operations as soon as the weather will permit.
A party of carpenters haye arrived
at Harrison Hot Spings from Winnipeg and are now nt work on the now
residence for Lieut.-Gov. Schultz. Tho
St. Ahoe Hotel has a large number of
guests at present.
Mr. Bob Blackstone has been eleoted
reeve of Maple Ridge Municipality
and Mr. Al. Stevens, councillor, by
acclamation, in place of Mr. T. F,
Sinclair and Mr. H. Ferguson, respectively, who resigned.
His Lordsdip Bishop Sillitoe's annual report for 1888 appears in the
Churchman's Gazette for February. It
is of a very interesting nature and is
most readable. All interested in
Ohurch matters Bhould give it a careful perusal.
Mrs. Annie M. Jaques, wife of Aid.
Jaques, Bets the ladies, and some of
the gentlemen, too, a good example
by coming to the rescue of the Exposition Fund with the handsome donation of $10. Good for the ladies I
Who'll be next?
At the Baptist church last night the
cow-boy evangelist concluded his narration of "Desperate Deeds." The
story was both interesting and instructive. At the close of the services three
sinners asked to be prayed for. The
cow-boy speaks to night at the Y. M.
C. A. onthesubjectof "Moral Purity."
The foreign coal shipments for the
month of January from the different
mines were as follows: Vancouver Coal
Company 31,285 tons, Wellington
mines 10,400 tons, East Wellington
2,180 tons, making a total foreign
shipment for the month of 43,865 tons.
Iron ore from Texada Iron mines 1030
Real estate agents report that sales
are better than they ever havo been before at this time of the year. Enquiry
from outsiders is always on the increase and numerous sales have been
made during the past few weeks to nonresidents. Prices ere advancing steadily but they have a long way yet to go
before the top figure is reached.
It is understood that the Canadian
Paoific Railway is making application
to the legislature this session for a
charter to build a railway from Oolumbia river to Kootenay Lake—the line
for whioh a charter was formerly held
by Ainsworth&Co. The charter secured,
the company will likely rush the work
of construction, and secure to its main
line the large volume of trade whieh
will result from the development of the
rioh mineral district adjacent to Kootenay Lake.—Colonist
Lot. .r Libel Suit..
Our brisk little contem., the Courier
was on Tuesday served with ten writs,
representing as many new libel luits,
brought by the miners whose names
were mentioned in the "black-leg"
list, by a Wellington correspondent of
the Courier during the recent difficulty
at the mines, lt would perhaps be
hard to find another paper not yet two
months old that can rival auch a record.—Colonist.
— . ♦ *
Warning to Ilomr.leadcrs.
Nearly every aore of surveyed Dominion landa, fit for agriculture, in the
district of New Westminster, has been
taken up, and as emigrants are constantly arriving who wish to acquire
homesteads we would warn homesteaders to comply striotly with the regulations, otherwise the new-comers will
have no hesitation in taking the regular legal proceedings to cancel claims
not held according to law. In fact, a
great many claims have already  been
 . •■ .	
Journalistic Vomanclng.
On Thursday morning a man named
J. C. Smith, from Vancouver,appeared
betore the police magistrate charged
with obtaining money under false pretenses. The charge was laid by Mr.
W. E. Fales, who, however, did not
press it aB strong as he might have
done. The evidence was not of that
character which would bring Smith
within the limit of the law, but at the
same time it was evident that his
actions in the matter were far from
honest. The police magistrate dismissed the case but not before giving
Smith a severe lecture on his disreputable conduct. Smith no sooner got
free than he set about borrowing more
money, and when ho had victimized a
number of people ho left for the south
instead of Vancouver to return to
work as he stated. Our American
cousins aro welcome to this new citizen.
Dominion Public Work.,
"A Chinaman waB beaten to death
on Friday at Sapperton, near New
Westminster. He was set upon by
two Indians, beaten and robbed, dying
from his injuries soon after." This
lugubrious yarn, started by the two
Vancouver papors, ha. gono the rounds
of the provincial press, nnd we suppose will continue to circulate until
superceded by some moro sensational
lie. We have already stated that there
was not the slightest truth in the
story, nor any grounds for its foundation. It is impossible to imagine
how the Vancouver scribes got hold of
such an idea in the first place, An
explanation from these gentlemen
would be rather interesting.
A Desperate tIght.
John Cramer and N. J. Sullivan,
two well-known hoodlums of our eity,
fought this morning many savage
rounds, by way of settling a question
involving the good name of a young
girl, sister of Sullivan. A few months
•so Cramer insulted Sullivan's sister.
He thereupon swore that he would
thrash Cramer in the near future.
The occasion offered itself this morning. Both men met on the Indian
reservation near Olark & Turpel's ship
yard and here they fought out their
battle. They battled with bare fists
for an hour and a quarter, and finally
one man lay on the turf and failed to
come to time. It was Cramer, and the
honor of the woman he insulted was
vindicated. He is very badly used up,
his nose is eut to the bone and his eyes
are blaok as night—Standard Jan. SI.
The annual report of the department
of publio works is to hand.- The general expenditure for the year amounted to $3,428,943, the amounts apportioned to the various provinces beiug
as follows:—Ontario, $761,413; Quebec, $199,128; New Brunswick. $29,-
293; Nora Scotia, $23,097; Manitoba,
$79,861; Northwest Territories, $269,-
296; British Columbia, $24,296; Prince
Edward Island, $14,495. Only $245
was expended on the high commissioner's London house last year. The
amounts expended on the different
provinces from 1st July, 1867, to 30th
June, 1887 are as follows:—Ontario,
$56,341,141; Quebec, $30,610,413;
British Columbia, $25,460,886; New
Brunswick, $17,916,476; Nova Scotia,
$14,441,245; Manitoba, $7,141,470;
Northwest Territories, $7,678,201; P.
E. Island, $l,4o6,3U'); miscellaneous,
$313,443; total, $101,372,678.
A New Ten,'Inns for Hie C.P.B.
The Seattle Post-Intelligencer giveB
publicity to the statement of a Port
Townsend merchant that the line of
the O.P.R. is to be extended to Port
Townsend. The route to be traversed
to reach Port Townsend will be from
Vancouver down the mainland to a
point opposite Fidalgo Island. The
island can be reached by bridging from
the mainland. The route will then lie
over the island, across Deception Pass
to Whidby Island, the track terminating at Admiralty Ht.d. Ferries will
thence connect the road with Port
Townsend, a distanco of five miles.
The Intelligencer sIbo saya that the O.
P. R. will take an initiatory step to-
wardsmakiiigPort Townsend its American terminus by placing the Islander
on the route from Port Townsend to
Vanoouver via Victoria. The Premier
will run between Seattle and Port
Townsend. This arrangement is expected to be consummated very soon.
Boss-McLaren Lumber Co.
The last Canada Gaxelte contains
the application of tho Ross-McLaren
Lumber Company for lotters patent.
Incorporation iB Bought to enable the
company to purchase and sell timber
lands; manufacture and Bell sawlogs
and lumber and earry on lumbering in
all its branches; the manufacturing of
furniture; to build and operate flour
mills and saw mills; to purchase and
otherwise acquire and work mines and
mineral claims; to erect smelters and
to crush and smelt ores; to build
wharves, and viaducts, to construct,
charter and employ vessels and to acquire any business within the objects
of the company. The ohief place of
business will be Ottawa. The capital
of the company is fixed at $500,000
divided into 1000 shares of $500 each.
The only British Columbia share-holders in the company are Mr. W. H.
Higgins, of this city, and Mr. 0. D.
Rand, of Vancouver. Since the oompany first commenced operating in the
province it has expended $70,000 in
acquiring lands, improvements, etc.
As soon as the letters patent are granted operations un the mills abovo Sapperton will be commenced.
(From Daily Columbian, Feb, 4-)
Salmon, cod, halibut and herrings
are plentiful on the market.
The ico cutters are busy reaping
their harvest now, and the sample is a
good one.—Sentinel,
The beautiful weather yesterday
caused the ohurches to be filled with
larger congregations than usual.
Messrs. Stewart & Cash have added
tho generous sum of $25 to the exhibition fund.   Who will follow next 1
An inmate of tho insane asylum
escaped from the grounds this morning
but was recaptured shortly afterwards.
The Nova Scotia papers say the
Victoria Jubilee hospital is being erected at Vancouver. Such, however, is
not the case, Victoria is the site of the
new hospital.
The new bill to be introduced
by Mr, Beaven in the provincial
parliament to amend the municipalities aot contains only 245 sections
—enough work to ocoupy the house
for a week if not more.
In the list of members of the provincial parliament published a few
days ago the names of Hon. J. H,
Turner, minister of finance, and Joseph Mason, senior member for Cariboo, were inadvertantly omitted. Hon.
Forbes George Vernon is chief commissioner of land and works nnd minister of agriculture.
An Indian from the reservation
brought to town this morning a strange
looking fish, which was caught outside
of the harbor. It has the appearance
of a serpent with a head like a small
dog and the body is partly covered
with short hair. The tish is an unknown species, aud the Indian refused
to part wilh it, but took it to his house.
To-morrow afternoon Mr. Theo.
Davie will ask the government if it
intends to plnce a sum on the estimates
for the erection of new parliament
buildings at Victoria. It is thought
this question will stir up more excitement than uny during the session, as it
is expected an effort will be made to
remove the sent of government to the
A number of our citizens have taken
advantage of tho fine skating on the
river driving tho past week, and indulged in the exhilarating pastime.
One of our prominent merchants whilo
enjoying a slide took a tumble and
now he says he is moro than ever impressed with the fact that stars are
visible in daylight. Hb ia reticent
about the particular star he left on thu
ice where his head struck.—Sentinel.
The Chinese New Year.
The celebration of the Chinese New
Year at Westminster was brought to a
auccessful close on Saturday night..
For several hours thero wbb an almost
uninterrupted discharge of fire-crackers
from some of tho leading Ohinese establishments on Front street and the
general proceedings were considerably
enlivened by the strains of sweet (?)
music furnished by Chinese bands
from the balconies of the various tyheei
residences. It is estimated that our
Celestial friends spent nearly $2,000
during last week in fire-crackers and
Over the Blver.
The many frionds of Mr. Goorge
Thomson, M. P. P., and Mrs. Thomson, will learn with sorrow and deep
regret of tho death yesterday of their
two little daughters, Ethel aged two
years, and Alice aged eight years. The
cause of death was the dread disease
diphtheria, and three other of their
children are ill from the same disease.
The funeral obsequies took place yesterday afternoon and were conducted
by Rev. Joseph Hall of the Methodist
church. The sincere sympathies of
the Courier staff go out to the bereaved
parents iu this terrible affliction.—
Nanaimo Coitrisr Feb. 2.
Kootenay mules.
Col. Baker, M.P.P., Btatos the mining industry in both Eaat and Wost
Kootenay is developing with rapid
strides. In the latter valley the Toad
Mountain camp is attracting attention
of capitalists, and there is every reason f-.r, believe thnt norrl mimmev a considerable amount of capital will bo
available for developing the mines.
Notices are out for charters for mil-
ways, nnd one at all events is likely to
bo proceeded with sb soon as a charter
is obtained.
In the eastern valley or upper Kootenay large bodies of ore have been
discovered in the Spallumcheen district, some of it assaying high. The
ore is argontiferous galena and grey
A large bed of gray copper has also
been discovered at Windermere, but
as yet it has not been opened up. Another immonso body of argentiferous
galena has been discovered up the celo-
rated Wild Horse Oreek. Another
up Toby Creek, whioh falls into the
Upper Oolumbia river—in faot new
leads are being discovered in all directions, proving the district to be enormously rich in minerals, and there is
little doubt that a large mining population will be located there in the near
Ooal oil springs have been recently
discovered in the Orows Nest Pass
not far from the large ooal fields taken
up by the Orows Neat Ooal Company.
The winter has been unusually mild
the thermometer registering only 1.90
below zero for one night. The snow
does not exceed nino inohoi, and cattle are looking well and do not require
Speedy Trial. Act,
The case of Ah Fa, charged with an
attempt to murder a man named
Green, at Vancouver, was heard before
Mr, Justice McCreight this morning
under the Speedy Trials Act, The
particulars ot the crimo are : Ah Fa
went to the houae of Green and attempted to criminally assault a woman,
but wus put out of the house and
ordered not to return, Tho Chinaman
returned shortly afterwards and when
Green attempted to oioct Ah Fa the
latter drow a knife and cut him directly across the the throat, inflicting a
deep and serious wound. After hearing the evidence His Lordihip sentenced the prisoner to 7 years in
penitentiary. Ah Fa is a bad looking
Ohinaman and carries the stamp of a
murderor on hii face.
D. T. Fairburn, formerly editor of
the Port Arthur Sentinel and latterly
of the Kamloops Sentinel, died laat
night at St. Joseph's Hospital of inflammation of the brain. Deceased
arrived in Viotoria about two months
ago, and haB been employed in the
newspaper offices of the city as a typesetter, having a position on the Times
when taken ill a few days ago. He
was a native of Ontario, where his
father, who has been communicated
with, etill resides. He was about 29
years of age, unmarried, and a member of the Masonic order, which will
take charge of the remains awaiting instructions from the east. Deceased
wbb ill about a week, but for some
time previous was oomplaining of a
pain in the head. He was highly respected by his acquaintances.—Times.
The deceased was well known to many
people in Westminster, he having been
here for a time contemplating the purchase of tho Guardian.
The "Good mews- as Expounded In Our
Churches Yesterday.
Housebreakers at Work.
At an early hour yesterday morning
the residence of Mr. Sheriff Armstrong
was broken into by burglars, who,
however, failed to secure any valuable
booty. The robbers cut a pane of
glass from the wash kitchen window,
pulled back the spring, threw open the
window and entered. The lock on
the next door leading into the main
portion of the houie proved too much
for the burglars, and they got no further. A pair of shoes and a clothes-
wringer was all the booty obtainod,
which muit have proved a great disappointment to the enterprising burglars,
The family heard no sound of the intruder!, who performed their work so
expertly and noiselessly that it is suspected they are old hands at the work.
No trace whereby they might be Identified was left behind. Householders
should take special precautions against
burglars, for it is probable this is the
first of a series of petty robberies which
will extend over several weeks.
si. Andrew's church.
At the Presbyterian church yesterday morning, Rev. Alex. Fraser, of Oomox, occupied the pulpit and took as
his text Hebrews 12c. 1 & 2 v ,
"Wherefore seeing that we alao are
compassed about with bo great a cloud
of witnesses let us lay aside every
weight and the ain that doth bo easily
beiet ub, and let us run with patience
the race that is set before us, looking
unto Jesus, the author and finisher of
our faith," &c. Mr. Fraser said:
The apostle no doubt referred in this
portion of scripture to those ancient
Grecian games, in which the running
of foot-races was a prominent feature.
Tho prizes given on such occasions
were of very little value, consisting of
wreaths; the crown was a corruptible
crown. Competition in the races had
to go through several months of training and preparation, and when the
day of the race arrived no one would
think of running iu an overcoat and
heavy boots. Everything that impeded was cast aside, when the runner
started on hiB course. This custom
was quite familiar with those whom
Paul addressed. Wo shall in the first
place inquire what is meant by the
cloud of witnesses. Whu nre they 1
Who and what is this cloud ? It ia
composed of a multitude which no man
can number—men uud women who
have finished their course. We sou,
too, among these witnesses an innumerable company of angels, those who
have never sinned. We see Jesus
Christ himself, our great forerunner
and redeemer, who is looking down
upon us. We do not Bee this cloud
with our bodily eyes, but see them
with the eye of faith. Napoleon, to
inspire hiB legions in Egypt, tald them
that irom the tops of the pyramids
centuries looked down upon them.
But the true Christian has a far grand-
er inspiration thau that. The truo
Christian is a spectacle to earth and
heaven and hell; men, devils, and
angels watch hiin. How comforting
to the poor stumbling and the lonely
Christian is the fact that God watches
over him, that his name is written in
the Lamb's book of life, that his
prayers, sighs, tears, and groans nre
heard, and that the day is coming when
he shall be gloriously acknowledged by
God before men, devils; and angels.
The next part of the text wo shall consider iB thu preparation for running—
"Laying aside every weight and the
sin that doth so easily beset us." There
is a difference between weights and
Bins; weights in themselves ure not
necessarily sinful, but they become so
when they absorb all our time and attention to tho exclusion of matters
pertaining to our eternal interests.
We are told to lay aside every weight
and the sin that doth so easily beaet
us. What sin is that ? We all know
what that is, our darling sin, or weak
point. We all have our besetting sin,
and the devil knows that well. Let us
find out what our weak point is and
place a double guard there. If, however, there is any Christian here indulging in known sin, let him not confuse that with a besetting sin. Besetting
sin is fallen into easily from force of
habit, perhaps, and quickly repented
of, but indulgence in known sin is
something altogether different. Be
sure that such sins will find you out.
Repent before it is too lnte. We are
told that the race is a race set before
us.   It is net a new way, but  a   pro-
fturod way. Multitudes have traveled that way—the groat cloud of witnesses, Jesus Christ has trod every
step of the way. We are told that wo
are to run with patience. It is just
here that a great many Christians
make a mistake. Some run by fits and
starts; thore aro Hue-weather Christians, who do not run when it is unpleasant or dangerous. It is not an
easy thing to run with patience then.
"All who live godly in Christ Josus
shall suffer persecution," saya God's
word. Some will say that the old
days of persecution are over; but you
bring back the days of real godliness,
and you will find the days of persecution following close behind. Let a
man but live godly in Christ Jesus, and
he will find all the persecution he
wants in his own home. The speaker
pointed out the end of the race—
"looking unto Jesus"—and exhorted
his hearers to begin the rsco, to lay
hold on oternal life, as they had the
opportunity, and run with patience the
race, and they would win the orown.
Atthe Reformed Episcopal church
yesterday morning, Rev. Thos Haddon preached from Psalm 67, 7v.,
"My heart ia fixed, O God, My heart
is fixed: I will Bing and give praise,"
and said: Integrity in oharaoter is a
very desirable quality in publio and
private lifo; decision, stability of purpose, are essential to success.   Many
men have no mind of their own, are
easily turned, ohanged, led astray,
like waves on sea shoro casting up
miry dirt every time they roll. This
stability bo essential in every department of life is also essential in religious experience. In the school of
experience, where we meet the Btern
realities, if you allow discontent, disagreement, to Influence you, your
failure will be oomplete; rather let
your ambition have a fixed aim, for
mortal life is too brief to be ever
changing: fix your purpose wisely,then
pursue it; wavering we cannot attain
success in any department of life; take
everything to God in prayer. Without stability we have no influence on
other people; we must show by our
actions that we practice what we teach.
Napoleon standing on tbe brow of the
hill at St. Helena said to a soldier,
"Can you tell me who Jesus Christ
was, for there is something mysterious
about him, for while Alexander,Coesar,
Charlemagne and myself command the
respect of men of genius by force, the
respect for Jesus Christ is founded on
love; there are thousands who in their
devotion to my cause would die for me,
yet it is necessary for me to be present
to inspire this devotion: but Jesus
Christ, after a lapse of 1800 years, by
his mysterious influence, so draws tho
hearts of men that thousands at his
word would pass through blood and
fire for him, not counting their lives
lost." There are thousands so to-dny
who would die in their bold enthusiasm for the Master and His cause, as
did Stephen, Paul, Latimer, and
others, their hearts fixed with pur-
poseness to sustain the cross. What
is that which causes such devotion
to Christ) His love, HiB great
work, His death on the cross. This
devotion is intensified in travellers
who visit the Holy Land—those sacred
spots where the Saviour trod, particularly at Mount Olivet, at the brook
Kedron, and in the garden of Gethse-
niaiio, where, as they beheld the
"trees of agony" enclosed within the
iron railing, under whose shade Jesus
groaned iu agony, they themselves
shed tears of bitterness and felt the
evidence that Jesus in that very
vicinity groaned in spirit for a lost
race, and they would exclaim "I love
thee better than I did." All nature
had fixed laws; man was made master
in the creation with a certain power of
will accorded him, and if he exercises
this power of will under the laws of
God, all is well und pleasant, and great
is his influence for good; whereas under other influences, we act iu the
greatest of danger. Can we not sny
to-day in this service (Sacramental),
"My affection is centred there." It is
a sorvice consecrated to Almighty God,
and we can have uur hearts filled with
lovo, filled with bread from heaven,
our trust firm as Mount Sion, our faith
firm on tho "Rock of Ages." Itis
then that praise gushes out, "I will
sing unto the Lord a new song," and
with Paul we Bay, "Who shall separate
ua from the love of Christ." There are
two points in life, one pointing to
everlasting happiness and joy, and the
other to endless death. There are too
many people with no fixed purpose,
hardly knowing what to believe, and
where there is a change or novelty in
a ohurch, that church is graced by their
presence until the novelty wears off or
the oxcilement dies; like a wandering
Jew they just pitch their tent for a
day, they get uo solid good, and are
no real help to any body or any church.
Iu the services too much importance
is attached to the speech of the religious teacher; instead of entertaining
a praying spirit, it is a man worship,
not a worship of God, and when that
spirit prevails it is impossible to advance; but, aB Paul said tu some of the
Ephesians, "Be not tossed lo and fro
nnd carried about with every wind of
doctrine;" stand like men, not easily
moved, be pillars of truth and right-
eousnesB, stick to the principles of the
reformation, stick to the bible for
ever, let your desires be fixed on
Jesus. We want men like David and
the prophets, who can experience tho
sign concerning Christ,liko tho apostles,
who even under threat, found it impossible to deny Ohrist, like the
martyrs, to die rather than deny the
bible; be fixed, be determined, be
steadfast, stable, unmoveable, always
abounding in the work of the Lord,
resting your hopes and aspirations on
tho Rock of Ages. The unity in worship is very noticeable at St. Paul's.
The Bolemn simplicity of their Sacramental service, and the special invitation to Christians of other denominations to partake of the Lord's supper
denote a living unity in the ohurch,
and the intention of the minister and
members to carry out the expressed
commands of Christ, with the absence
of pomp and ostentation which characterized Him and His work while on
Yesterday evening Rev. Jas. White
preached from Ezolkiel, 11 c, 2 and
6 v., "Thon said He unto ine, Son of
man, these are the men that devise
mischief and givo wicked counsel in
this city. Ye have multiplied your
slain in this city, and ye have filled
the streets thoreof with the slain."
During the reading of the lesion, Eze-
kial 3 c, the preacher said, that, like
the prophet, he had a message to deliver, and a warning to give, from the
lips of God Himself, and, as he valued
his own salvation he was bound to warn
the wioked of their wickedness, if they
did not ropent then, their blood would
be upon their own heads, Speaking
from the text, Mr. White Baid: Atone
time the eity of Jerusalem was almost
as vile as the oities the plain—Sodon
and Gomorrah, At this time numbers
of the children of Israel were in captivity, but the remainder dwelt in fancied seourity. Now, I might show
you how God's judgements overtook that peoplo, but my
purposo to - night lies nearer
home than that, During my ministry
I have fired a good many random shots
at the devil, but they haven't all taken
effeot. I think, however, that my
shot of last Sunday night has taken
effeot.   I think that somebody got
hurt; that was my intention. I have
had a good deal of criticism, but, I am
glad to Bay, I have had aome encourag-
ment from people in this eity. I notice that there are some correspondents in certain of the newspapers not
suited with me. One correspondent,
a liquor seller, has written over his
own name. This is a most remarkable
thing, for a liquor seller to be honest
enough to attempt to defend the traffic in print over his own name. 1 have
cut that article out and put it in my
scrap-book, and 1 cannot help respect-!
ing the man that wrote the letter for
his honesty, I suppose there are men
in the liquor business who honestly
think that it is very hard that I should
attack their business. I am sorry for
that. My relation to these men is
that I am willing to be a friend to
them, to take them by the hand; but
I am bound, aB a messenger of the
most high God, to denounce that business, which is a menance to the peace
of our city and should be put down.
Now, remember that I diatinguish between hotels and saloons. What I
am after is this business of selling
strong drink. I believe, and you
know, that the liquor business is at
the bottom of nine-tenthsof the trouble
in this city. The police court cases
are all whiskey cases. There are very
few people that would find their way
into our jail if it were not for strong
drink. Some poopio say: "What do
you interfere fori Your business is to
proach the gospel," But what is
the use in preaching the gospel
when these things are dragging |
men down to death. The saloon
business is the greatest hindrance
there is to the gospel. I have spent
days and nights with men, to get them
to give up their sins and the saloons
and other hells would undo all my
work. It is like fishing men out of a -
river and having some one pushing
them in faster than you can take them
out. Under such circumstances, is it
any wonder that the rescuer Bhould
turn his uttentiou occasionally to
those who are doing the mischief.
Beside that, as I minister I get lots of
letters from the east imploring me to
do something to save loved sonB or
brothers from destruction by saloons
and other evils. I have other reasons
too, why I om bound to strike a blow
at these things as long as I live. There
are at least two-thirds more saloons in
this city than there is any excuse for.
Gambling and even robbery is carried
on in aome of them. A man will
come in from tho country with $30 or
$40, he gets drunk, the saloon keeper
takes care of his money, and gets him
fuddled so that ho forgets all about it.
In some of these places buys are being
encouraged to drink and gamble-
some of those boys belong to good
families in this city. I get my information from the police authorities.
Theso things can be proved. I can
mention three men, Basket, Durant
and Jones, who have died through
drink, in this oity and vicinity recently. There is somebody to blame for
all this, and the guilt of murder iB on
their souls. If I had sold whiskey to
those men, Durant and Jones, I
would hate to walk around where
thoy are buried. Thoae who
engage in the liquor business and in
disreputable businesses are to blame;
those who rent houses, thoae who
make money in any way out of the
vices of the community, are to blame.
There are a good many men selling
whisky that don't realize how badlt is;
the occupation degrades them so rapidly that they soon get hardened to it.
Awful retribution sometimes overtakes men who engage in the business.
A saloon-keeper iu this town said to a
young man, who informed him that he
was thinking of going into the business, "Jimmy, if you go to selling
whisky, I will never apeak to you
again. I wish toGod I wnsjout of it."
We are forced to condense the remainder of the sermon. Mr. White
stated that there were people who
attended church regularly, and church
members, who were making money
out of the whisky business, snd they
were responsible, loo; the churoh members who sat on licensing boards and
granted licenses were responsible. He
would not say much about the old city
council; bnt the new council, under
the new charter, had greater powers,
and if they did not do something before the end of the year to regulate
and control the liquor business and
wipe out the disreputable blots of the
city, they would be responsible. He
believed the oouncil was a good one,
but hoped that they would not be so
taken up with railways, wtttor,sowerago,
Ac, as to forget the moral interests of
the city. The statement that thesaloon
keeper was the poor mans friend was
absurd; if it wero not for whiskey
there would nut be so many poor men.
Jesus was the poor man's best and the
sinner's only, friend, and the speaker
closed by inviting all to come to Christ,
no matter how hopeless they might
consider their case to be.
The report of the labor commission
will be presented ahortly to the Dominion government. It is understood
that it recommends the enactment of
the Federal Factory Act and urges
the shortening of the hours of labor
and asks parliament to make compul-
aory the education of children working
in factories. The children, it suggests,
should be released from work at certain hours in order to attend ichool.
Mrs. Celeste Coon, Syracuse, N. Y,,
writes: "For yean I conld not eat many
kinds of food witeout producing a burning, excrutiating pain in my stamach. I
took Parmelee's Fills according to directions under the head of 'Dyspepsia or Indigestion.' One box entirely cured me, I
can now eat anything I choose, without
distressing me in the least." These Fills
do not cause pain or griping, and should
be used when a cathartic is required.
* • .
Why go limping and whining about
J'our corns, when a 25 cent bottlo of Hoi-
oway's Corn Cure will relievo them?
Give it a trial and you will not regret it,
. ai >
Fresh Eastern and Native Oysters,
served in every ityle, at the Olub. * JUR CITYFATHERS.
jr llcndry and the Aldermen.-.Short
I1 ;che» of their Lives... Wlio nnd
It.'       What they An.
It following sketches of the gcntle-
[;.' ho will adorn the oouncil board
i'i the present year were intended
ji ear with the report of the first
[■':g of the new council, but
I ;:(to the great pressure on our
l\ it was fouud necessary to
1': 'iem over till to-day,
I'"of New Westminster, comes of
I. d Scottish stock and was born
I'l'jle Dune, Gloucester County,
K',runsnick, in 1844, After leav-
K. pol Mr. Hendry followed lum-
Ps^intil he became a thorough
li i of the business in all its
■f is. In 1872 Mr. Hendry left
I \ud after visiting the most ut-
li centres in the western states
I rune to the Pacitic Const and
l;it|3 months in the employ of two
I largest saw mills ou Puget
■ From tho Souud he went to
■' ■',' ille and assisted to build the
K-.ille saw mills, with   whioh
Siment he was connected for
•s. Having an idea that Mnn-
uld some day be a great coun-
Hendry decided to go there
sr into the manufacture of
H abut on reaching that province
B A lumber very scarce and the
B i not particularly bright, so he
B a way back to the Pacific
Bu.Snn Francisco did not hold
Vftbright inducements and Mr.
K,returned to British Columbia,
B .in Nanaimo, where he, in
H with Mr. D. McNair, started
K aw mill. The Diamond City
Hi booming and consequently
If firm prospered. The con-
B .brightening prospects of New
Blister attracted Mr.   Hendry's
■ i and he finally determined to
B lis mill to this city,  which
■ >in the fall of 1877. Since
H Mr. Hendry's success is too
H ,vn to require recapitulation.
■ to say that from a small mill
■)'he business has been steadily
Hi and enlarged until to-day it
H , lumber industry of British
H' >, ThiB Buccess is almost en-
H p to Mr. Hendry's excellent
I abilities and to the reputation
Ity and integrity he has so
W won. Since its incorporation
dry has been manager and
|i of the Royal City Planing
| Mr. Hendry has hold many
, trust and importance. He
mber of the city council in
(1880; was the first prcst-
the Westminster Woolen
; a director in tho Gas Com-
;';1 president of the Board of
id has been a member of the
-Trade council sinco its os-
';nt. Mr. Hendry hns now
.'■ rded the highest civio office
It of the people—mayor of
'/(minster—another proof of
Ntion in which he is so gen-
|.d. The Royal Oity owes much
perity to Mr. Hendry. Tohim
i due the credit of re-opening
f r river to deep sea vessels,
. ,i only attained after a suc-
,of disappointments under
, it men would have lost heart
. up in despair. But not so
,,'Hendry; he had determined
!;he Royal City an ocean port
"5 relaxed his efforts till the
v the Bhip Camana crowned
Arise. He has always sup-
i) Southern Railway, of which
lirector until a few days ago,
l,ne of the most prominent in
I' he negotiations to a success-
. With Mr. Hendry sb mayor
its of the Royal City-will not
j:, on the oontrary, his elec-
uive an impetus to overy
Kii of worth.
'of County Kent, Ontario,
-received his education at the
'•Sole.   At the age of 18 he
Hm carve his fortune in Brit-
lia and his business career
t*)oen an unvarying success.
-manhood he  has  always
*rp interest in all matters of
•orlance and haB been  con-
every movement tonding to
ii of the city.   He was first
-ho council in 1881 and so
', please tho public  that  he
.-id by acclamation at the two
J'.ectioos.   He was a  mom-
ijiounoil of 1887 nnd ohair-
finnnce committeo.   He is
' if the council of the board
,'i wbs secrotary of tho board
]ire.   Mr. Curtis iB a  drug-
J es a  large  and  profitable
jjpe will prove to bo  ono of
^','eful members of  tho new
■ 1 his eleotion is a matter of
Ifion for the wholo city.
K1 if Aberdeenshire, Scotland,
■f;n in 1832.   Attracted by
1.1 fisheries wealth of  Brit-
(i he left Scotland in 1863
j mice to enter into the fish-
He arrived on the coast
and immediately com-
3ing and has  continued  in
I-" jUineas ever sinco.   In 1870
led canning salmon on a
md gradually the industry
'1 till his packing establishes  cannery—is now  tho
t nost complete iu the prov-
J Ewen has made a point of
[the reputation of his goods
f, bearing his brands are
j| on all the principal  mar-
-rorld.   Ho  is heavily in-
,'overol other canneries but
uietor of Ewen's cannery,
l'i an old hand in  civic af-
liierved in the councils  of
J1 '81. He was a director in
*, R'y Co., and is a member
ed a handsome fortune and is universally acknowledged to be a shrewd
and careful man of businoBs. Ho has
tho respect and confidence of the entire community, and in electing him
to civic honorB the citizens of New
Westminstor could not havo made a
better choice.
is a native of County Antrim, Ireland,
whore he first saw tho light of day in
1852, At the age of 21 he emigrated
to Oanadu'und took up his residence in
Ottawa where he lived till 1877 and
thou he came to British Oolumbia, In
1886 he, in company with Mr. Currie,
bought out the Pacifio Carriage Works
which business ho has greatly enlarged
since thon. Ho was elected to the
city council for 1887 and his actions
during his term of office were marked
by fearlessness and straightforwardness
in dealing with ovory question. Like
all Irishmen he is an enthusiast in
military matters and is a great favorite
with all ranks.
was born on Grosse IbIo, province of
Quebec, in 1853, and received his
education in Montreal. He left Montreal iu 1872 and struok for Chicago
which city then had a great attraction
for Canadians as employment was
easily obtained at high wages. After
a year's stay in Chicsgo he went to
California, but only remained there a
few months, coming direct from Sen
Franoisco to New Westminster. Mr,
Jaques went into business immediately
on his arrival, and during the last 15
years he has spent the principal portion
of timo with Mr. H. V. Edmonds' in
the real ostate and insurance business.
He was elected to the city counoil for
tho yoar 1887, aud proved himself a
good councillor and of excellent business abilities. Mr. Jaques is one of
the largest property holders in the
city, is secrotary and treasurer of tho
Illicilliwaet Silver Mining Co., and
holdsaninthshare in the aaid company.
is a native of the Green Isle, having
been born in the province of Ulster,
Ireland, in the year 1837. At the early
age of 16 he left his home and emigrated to Oanada from where, on the
breaking out of the gold excitement,
he came to British Columbia. In
1860 he opened a store in Now Westminster and four years later removed
to Nanaimo whero ho remained till
1869 and then went to Oregon. Dur
ing his stay at Nanaimo he waB elected
to represent that city in the house of
assembly at Victoria, and performed
his duty faithfully and well. In 1882
ho returned from Oregon and has
resided in Westminster ever since.
He is now engaged in fruit growing
and fancy stock raising and has the
honor of owning tho finest herd of Jerseys in the province. Ho takes a great
interest in all things pertaining to tho
city's progress and being of an onter-
prising and pushing nature his election to the aldermanio board cannot
but provo valuable to the oity.
is a native of Battersea, England.
Whon only a boy ho entered the navy
nnd saw service in the Baltic during
the progress of the Crimean war. In
1858 he came to British Columbia and
entered tho employ of the Hudson's
Bay Co., und served in different capacities. For fourteen years he has
been a resident of New Westminster
and is regarded as a cautious and pro
gressive business man; and he hold's
the esteem of his fellow oitizens. Ho
is an old hand in civic affairs, having
served three terms in the couucil, and
his re-election on the eve of so many
necessary improvements to tho oity
cannot but provo beneficial to the
city's Interests.
is a native of Martintown, Glengary
County, Ontario, where he first saw
the light of day in 1847. Leaving
home at the time of the British Columbia gold fever in 1865 he oamo to
the Pacific Coast and remained on
Puget Sound for a year. In '66 he
arrived in British Columbia and immediately proceeded to the Big Bend
mines and mined there with good success for four years. From Big Bend
he removed to Kamloops in 1869 and
opened a store. When tho Omineca
excitement broke out he sold his goods
and hastened to that country, but only
remained there one season and then
returned to Kamloops whero ho again
went into trading and stook raising ln
partnership with the well-known Mr,
James Mcintosh. In order to be
better able to educate his family, there
being no schools nt Kamloops, Mr,
McPhaden relumed to Victoria and
eventually to WestminBter, where ho
has now been established 6 years and
is proprietor of one of tho largest
grocery houses in tho city. He is a
large property ownor, is highly respected, nnd is well qualified to hold
the high position of alderman, though
this is tho lirst civio honor which has
beeu bestowed upon him,
is a nativo of St. John, Now Bruus
wick, and was bom in that city in
1858. He was educated at the St.
John Grammar ■Ichool nnd at the early
age of 19 loft his home to make a fortune in the far west. Arriving in
British Columbia in 1878 he spent a
few months in looking over the coun
try and finally chose Westminster as
his home and entered into the hardware and store business under the title
of E. S. Scoullar & Co., of which firm
he is senior partner. By careful man
agement and strict attention Ihe business has developed until it now ranks
equal to the best in tho province. The
firm of E. S, Scoullar & Co. was the
first in ils line to establish in Vancouver, and by the great fire whioh swopt
that city out of existenoo they sustained a severe loss, whioh, however, did
not deter the enterprising firm from
immediately re-establishing the businoss. Capt, Scoullar was a member of
tho first rifle team sent from British
Oolumbia to Ottawa to compete at the
captain of the New Westminster Rifles
and vice-president of the British Columbia Rifle Association. He has ever
been a progressive citizen and his election to the aldcrmanic board reflects
credit on those who eleoted him. His
unceasing efforts to bring the Southern
Railway into Westminster, and the
hearty support he has always given to
enterprises benefitting the city hns
mode him thoroughly popular.
was born iu Brantford, Ont., and
spent the first 23 years of his life in
that province. In 1860 he came to
British Columbia and mined and prospected for 6 years with fair success.
In 1866 he went to California where
he remained 4 years and then returned
to his old homo in Ontario. But life
was too slow and monotonous*after a
residence in the far west and in 1876
he packed up and came baok to New
Westminster and has resided here
ever sinco. He is a contractor and
builder and has been very successful
in business. For many years he has
been a member of the board of school
trustees and has already served 6 terms
in the city council. His experience
will be of much value in directing
civic affairs during the  coming  year.
Late Canadian News.
It is now reportod that the 0. P. R,
contemplates an early bridging of the
Niagara River at Lewiston.
Rev. Father Carniva, of Strathroy,
waB found in his study yesterday with
a gun shot through his head.
Hon. G, W. Gibson was elected by
acclamation for Hamilton, Ont., to
fill his appointment in tho Ontario
H. D. Matthews was elected to the
presidency of the Toronto board of
trade, defeating D. R, Wilkie by 345
to 292 votes.
Adam Spencer, a Springfield, Man.,
halfbreed, was arrested, charged with
committing rape on n young girl 14
years of age.
The Dominion government will superannuate Mr. ItosB, ex-collector of
customs at Halifax; his retiring allowance being $1,500 a year,
Hon. G. A, Kirkpatrick will introduce a bill in the Dominion to permit
foroign vessels to aid vessels wrecked
or disabled in Canadian waters.
Jacob Workman, Windsor, Ont.,
reported to Chief Bains Saturday even
ing that his adopted daughter, Anna
Jackson, aged 13, has been abducted,
Flotcher, formerly of tho Winnipeg
Free Press, who escaped from the Selkirk lunatic asylum, has been traced
to a swamp where it is supposed he
perished in a storm.
The funeral of Freman Fiddler und
Brakeman Phelnn, who were killed in
the accident at Field, N, W. T., took
placo Saturday. Special trains were
run from Donald and Medicine Hat.
J. W. Galo & Co., wholesale dry
goods Merchants, of Toronto, havo assigned. Their liabilities are estimated at a quarter of a million dollars,
and their asaets at one half that
The Manitoba legislature met Thursday afternoon. The report of the
royal commission was read declaring
the charges perferred by the Cull and
Free Press against the government has
not been proven.
A despatch was receivod nt Montreal Saturday night from J. L. Sullivan engaging rooms at tho. Balmoral
Hotel on Monday next. Sullivan will
act as referee in several slugging events
which havo been organized as "special
carnival attractions" for this woek.
Profossor Campbell Bishow, of the
Medical College, Montreal, has asked
the Dominion government to make the
British Medical Act applicable to
medical graduates in Canada. The
government informed him it was not a
matter within tho jurisdiction of parliament.
The liberals claim that the Haldi-
maud, Ont., election is an important
victory for their trade policy. The
Toronto Globe saya: "Sir John Mao-
donald can no longer doubt that the
government will be routed at the general election unless it fully satisfies
their popular demands."
Ohoquette, of Montmagny, who hus
hitherto wavered between the two
parties, has notified Mr. Laurier that
he can hereafter be counted on us a
supporter. This, with the victories in
Holton, Haldimantland Juliette, makes
a gain of four since the last session, or
eight on a division, for the liberals.
An unmnrried man going by the
name of Lavnck recently died in Illinois, leaving property valued at over
a million dollars. His real name was
Leveque, and his sole heir is his widowed mothor, Mrs. Germain Leveque, of
the parish of Sucre Coeur, near Father
Point, Quo., who has forwarded tho
papers necessary to assort her olaim.
Six hundred members attended a
meeting of the Winnipeg Liberal Aaaociation Friday night for the eleotion
of oflicers, expecting a hot fight for the
presidency between Luxton and McMillan, the leaders of the two factions
of the party. The candidates, howover, agreed to retire in favor of Mr.
Stephen Nairn, who waa elected unanK
There are conflicting reports as to
the presenco nt Montreal of J. O.
Moore, the absconding Indianapolis
agent of the Connecticut Life Insurance Company, of Hartford. There
is anothor rumor that Reilly, who
forged $193,000 of bonds on the Now
fork Produce Exchange, is at Montreal, but the report Is denied in police circles.
Hon. Edward Blake occupied his
old seat iu the house of commons bo-
side Hon. Wilfrid Laurier yestorday.
He looks well but will not take part
in any of the night sessions. His
friends say ho haB no intention of resuming the leadership. Hon. Alex.
Mackenzie is at Ottawa, but his health
Cartwright in expected to-day.
Tho solicitors of the C. P, R. have
filed a bill in chancery asking the
court to restrain the Northern Pacifio
and Manitoba Railway irom operating
or continuing the construction of that
road on tlie ground that tho local legislature cannot enact legislation
regarding a railway connection at
the boundary line with a foreign
railway; also, on the ground that any
legislation of the local legislature ia
ultra vires which provides fora railway
crossing the 0. P. R. or its branches,
they being declared works for the
general advantage of Canada, No injunction has yet been applied for.
Sir George Baden-Powell, M. P.,
for Liverpool, arrived at Ottawa Saturday. He has come to Canada to examine into the proposed mail sorvice
in connection with the C. P. R. and
the now line of steamers from Vancouvor to Ohina and Japan, and Australia. The proposition is to run a
fast line of newly built steamers on
the latest approved plans by tbo admiralty, and available in time of war,
from Liverpool to Canada, to connect
with the 0. P. 11., the same to be
subsidized by the Canadian and British governments. As to tho Pacific
Ocean steamers, the British government has already consented to give
£45,000 subsidy for a lino of steamers
to run monthly providing the Canadian government will give £15,000, but
the idea now is to increase this amount
to £60,000, perhaps ''100,000, and
thnt the Dominion government should
make an equal increase in their subsidy according to its proportion, aud
that the service should be fortnightly.
This route, Sir George maintains,
would be of great importance to England if it engaged in war with any of
the great European powers. Canada's
coast defences would, of course, require to be attended to by the imperial parliament this month, and on hiB
return ho intends making use of the
information he obtains in Canada in
furtherance of the scheme, in his
place iu tho house. The subsidy the
British government will give altogether depends on what Canada agrees to
do. He left Saturday for Vancouver
by the midnight train.
British Colnmbla Fruit Growers.
A meeting of fruit growers was held
in Vancouver Thursday to form a
fruit growers' association and discuss
questions pertaining to horticulture.
Mayor Oppenheimer ocoupied the
chair and delivered an opening address
suitable to the occasion. On motion
Mr. Thos. Cunningham, seconded by
Mr. Punch, the socioty was formed
under the title of the "B. 0. Frnit
Growers' Association." The following
officers were elected:
President, J. M. Browning, Vancouver.
1st vice president, Thos. Cunningham, New Westminster.
2nd vice president, G. W. Henry,
Maple Ridge,
Secretary-treasurer, A. H, R. Mc-
Gowan, pro tem.
Board of directors: Vancouver city
and vicinity, G. Mackay; Westminster
oity and vicinity, Peter Latham; Victoria city and vicinity, G, A. McTavish;
Richmond, O. D. Sweet; Chilliwhack,
John Reece; Sumas, D. H. McGillivray; Matsqui, O. B. Sword; Langley, Samuel Robinson; Surrey, Jas.
Punoh; Burton's Prairie, H. P. Bales;
Mission, William Perkins; Delta, E.
Hutchinson; Maple Ridge, W. J.
Harris; Yale District (Nicola) John
Olopperton, (Kamloops) W. J. Roper,
(Okanagan) Alfred Postill, (Spallumcheen) A. L. Fortune, (Cache Creek)
John Murray, Spence's Bridge; Lillooet, R. Hay; Sooke, and Esquimalt,
Hon. E. 0. Pooley; Salt Spring Island, John P. Booth; Comox aud vicinity, W. M. Dingwall; Saanich, J.
D. Bryant; Mayne Island, R. T. Figg;
Nanaimo, J. D. Halperny; Cowiohan,
Henry Fry; Aschroft, Lieut.-Gov, C.
F. Cornwall; Clinton, C. Semlin, M,
P. P.; North Arm, J. W. Lawson.
On motion it was decided to petition
the government to make an annual
grant of $1,800 to the association and
it was also resolved that the Dominion
fjovernnient bo requested to place a
ibernl sum in the estimates for the
purpose of covering the expenses of
delegates to the convention of fruit
growers to be held in Montreal in Jan.
1890. A vote of thanks was passed to
Mayor Oppenhoiiner for the stops he
had taken in calling the meeting together.
The construction nnd bylaws of the
Montreal Horticultural Society and
Fruit Growers' Association of the province of Quebec, with some changes
were adopted as shose of the British
Columbia Association.
After business was disposed of a
number of gentlemen gave their experience in finut growing and some interesting facts were put forward.
Among those- who gave the most practical speeches were Mr. Thos. Cunningham, Mr. Henry, Maple Ridge,
Mr. Hutchinson, of Ladners, and Wm,
Perkins, of the Mission. Tho meeting continued to-day.
Mysterious Disappearance.
Just previous to the sailing of the
Glory of the Seas, from the City of
San Francisco, a young lad shipped on
board as cabin boy. Since arriving ln
port Captain Freeman received a letter
from tho boys' sister stating that lie
had run awny from home and was subject to fits. Sunday morning the boy
left the ship in a small boat to go fishing, since thon nothing has been seen
or heard of him. Whether he had a
tit and falling ovverboard was drowned
or that he has again ran away rather
than return to San Francisco is not
known.—Press Press Slst.
Why go limping and whining about
J'our coma, when a 25 oent bottle of Hol-
oway's Corn Cure will reliovo them?
Give it a trial and you will not regret it,
London, Jan. 31,—The Times, referring to Prince Rudolph, saya: "The
sterner qualities which the throno required he could not show till the time
of trial came, but he had intellectual
and social gifts. Those who saw him
in London at the Jubilee, when the
Queen conferred upon him the order
of the Garter, must feel a natural pang
to hear that lie is cut off in the flower
of his age with such fearful suddenness." The Standard uyi: "All that
the world knew of him was in hii
favor. The shock will be felt in
Europe far outside the limit of hii empire. The shattered hopes of his
paronts present a picture that might
touch the stoutest heart."
prince Rudolph's death.
Vienna, Jan. 31.—The Fremden-
Matt says that on Tuesday, when the
Crown Prince Rudolph returned from
shooting, he complained of his headache and returned to his room to
write a letter. He awoke on Wednesday before 7 and ordered his breakfast
to bo brought up to him. His valet
on entering the room with tho breakfast found the prince dead in bed.
Count Hogas and Prince Philip of Coburg, who were Prinoe Rudolph's
guests, rushed to the prince's chamber
when the valet told them the prince
was dead. Count Hogas, attired in
his hunting costume, immediately went
with ail speed to Vienna snd acquainted the Emperor Francis Joseph with
the Bad news. The count was closeted
for some time with his Majesty, who
directly after the interview hastened to
inform the empress, whose grief upon
learning of her son's death was terrible.
Both the emperor and empress then
went to the apartments of Crown
Princess Stephanie and told her of her
husband's death. Princess Stephanie
insisted upon going immediately to
Mierling, where tho prince lay dead,
and the united efforts of the emperor
and empress were hardly able to prevent her. They were finally successful, however, and the emperor then
remained alone until 3 o'clock in the
afternoon, when he ordered the body
of the prince to be brought to Vienna.
Vienna, Feb. 2.—The arohduke,
Charles Louis, the emperor's brother,
has renounced his right of succession
in favor of his son Francis. The oath
of renunciation is not formally signed
but the draft of the document was hurriedly prepared. ' The archduke,
Oharles Louis, took tho oath of surrender privately before the Emperor
Francis Joseph, who summoned his
nephew Francis and had a private interview with him lasting an hour. The
neWB of the renunciation caused a
great surprise. The Archduke Fran
cis has renounced the Modela fortune
in favor of his brother, Otto, und will
henceforth reside in Vienna with the
title of archduke. He is a major in
the Fourth Dragoons and is unmarried. He is good-natured, gentle and
indolent and never made a great figure
in society.
London, Feb. 2.--Captain Trev'er,
the French naval officer, is organizing
an expedition to cross Africa for the
purpose of solving some of the unsettled problems connected with Lake
Tanganyika. His investigations will
have special referenco to the Lukuga
river, which, so far as known, is only
an outlet of the lake and whicli presented itself in such varied aspects to
Cameron, Stanley and Thompson.
Captain Hore, who has spent many
years on Lake Tanganyika, says that
the lake has been steadily falling during the whole time, and that Lakuga
still continues to flow out of it. This
is no doubt due to the fact that the
bed of the river has become silted up
with mud and vegetation to a very
great depth. The water will continue
to flow out until the hard rock is
reached, when Lukuga will become a
dry channel. Crpt. Hore evidently
does not believe in the oscillating
theory of the lake, but seems to think
that it is really drying up. Captain
Trevier will proceed to Stanley Falls
and Nyangwe and explore as far as he
can the Luataba and its branches. He
will then go to Ujiji and thence across
the continent to the Zanzibar coast,
though by the time he gets to Ujiji he
may feel it advisable to turn back, if
indeed the disturbed state of Central
Africa does not stop his expedition ere
it gets beyond the Congo.
Richmond council.
Council met In tho town hall on Monday, Jan. 28th, the reeve and all the
members being present. Communications read as follows:
From W. H. Ladner, Esq., M, P. P.,
stating that if thero was anything he
could do at tho approaching session of
the legislature in the intere.t. of thro
municipality and wo would communicate
with hiin, he would do his bost to comply.
From Mayor Oppenheimer, of Vanoouver, requesting tho council to take steps
for sending a delegate to Vancouver on
the 1st of February, to attend a convention called for the purpose of organizing
a "Fruit Growers' Association," for
British Columbia.
On motion O. D. Sweet was appointed.
Tho board of worka was instructed in
case of exigency to ordor the execution
of any publio work requiring immediate
attention in the interim botween the
rogular meetings of tho council, in any
one caso the expense uot to exceod $50.
On motion, tho council resolved itself
into a committee of the whole for the
purpose of interviewing land-owners
leading from bridge location westward
toward the gulf on Lulu Island, with the
view of locating road.
Council resumed at 1:30 p, m. The
committee reported progress and asked
leave to sit again.   Leave granted.
The "municipal officers and salary
bylaw" and the "assessment bylaw
were submitted and road the first timo,
and the council adjourned, to meet Monday, Feb, Uth,
Not as Portrayed In Dime) Novels, But a.
Ihey Aro Found In Reality.
Thtrscout of tho novol'.and the show,
writes Con. A, Mahony, in the Philadelphia Press, is a vory picturesque, kind follow, thoroughly reckless, a dead shot, the
proprietor of a varied selection of scalps
and showing in his moral character that
combination of "half angel and half Lucifer " of which Joaquin Millor delights to
eing. Liko Samson of old, his strength is
in his hair, and his long-flowing locks aro
the admiration of frontier women and the
envy of frontier men. He is always clad
In buckskin, fringed and stamped with grotesque designs, while his flowing locks aro
surmounted with a sombrero that it would
take threo days to walk round tho brim,
Buch is tbe Eastern conception; now tor
Southwestern reality.
The United States scout in active service
woars his hair cut short, in soldier fashion,
because he has to sleep on the ground for
weeks at a time, and if he wore long and
flowing looks they would give him considerable trouble by affording a choice variety
of insects a refuge and a dwelling-place,
Then again, outsido of some town in which
I Ivy wanted with a pardonable vanity to
show off, I nevor saw one of them in a buckskin suit. It is too warm in summer and
not warm enough in winter. The scout is a
good shot, but that is a virtue he shares in
common with nearly every man and boy on
tho frontier.
Thore is very little romance, but plenty
of hardship about the life of a scout. Ee is
not selected for his dashing airs and reckless bravory, but for the only quality in demand with army officers, his thorough
knowledge of the country in which the
troops are to operate, and especially of the
best camping grounds, the distance from
wator to water (a point on whioh the lives
of the command often depend) and his
power to shorten marches by his acquaintance with short cuts through mountains
and over morasses. If he knows the Spanish language so much the better and if ho
can speak a little Apache bettor still, but
these latter accomplishments are of minor
importance to a thorough knowledge of the
United States army scouts may be divided into two classes—white men, who
rank as chief of scouts, and Indian scouts,
who aro organized as military companies. The white scouts are usually
men who have been employes of the
Kan Carlos aud Mescalero Apache Reservation or Indian agencies. Thoy are, from
constant association with the Indians, wed
acquainted with their character and habits
and frequently speak a littlo Apache. Tho
Apaches, with few exceptions, speak Spanish, and it Is usually the language they uso
in communicating with the Indian agent
and the employes of the agency. A whito
man who makes himself useful to the Indians by doing them little favors is, in time,
taught "to read Bign."
A scout who can read "sign" can tell you by
oxamining a trail over which horses havo
passed if thoy woro riddon or led, and if
hoth, tho number ridden and the number
led. Even when shod he can toll whothor
tho horsos woro American or Mexican. If
tho trail bo made by men on foot he can tell
if It bo an Indian trail or simply the trail of
Mexicans wearing moccasins. In a hostile
party ho oan tell by tho trail how many arc
bucks and how many aro squaws and children, and so on ovor a field of observation
as extensive as interesting.
Tho scout thus qualified finds no difficulty
in obtaining employment in the Southwest,
whoro Apache outbreaks are ot almost-
yearly occurrence. He is engaged, subject
to the approval of the commander of the district or department—New Mexico is a military district, whilo Arizona is a military de.
partment—at a salary of (ISO a month and a
ration for his horse. He provides his own
arms and ammunition, and ignores the Government Springfield rifle for the improved
Winchester, 45 caliber repeating riflo. From
his pay ho has to provide for his rations,
and ho- messes with tho oflicers when in
post, or when outside with tbe command.
The Indian scout companies are enlisted
from tho"(jood"Indinns on the reservations.
About thirty men form a company which is
placed under the command of a Lieutenant
of the rogular army with whom is associated
a chief cf scouts who acts as tho medium of
communication between the officer and his
command. About six soldiers, as a measure
of precaution against mutiny, are attached
to oach company of scouts. The period of
service of an Indian scout is only six months,
"unloss sooner discharged," and he is paid
thirty dollars a month, His riflo generally
provides his ration, as the Apache detests
army bacon, preferring even the abandoned
carcass of an army mule. ,
The Indian scout companies are not popular on the frontier. They are considered to
be only training schools for thehostiles, and
as some of the most desperate ot the
Apachos have been scouts, such as Bonita
and Chatto, tho antipathy of the frontiersmen is not altogether without reason. The
fact that tho Indian scouts of tho Government are without uniform adds to the annoyance of the people of the frontier who,
except they see tho Indians accompanied by
a whito man, cau not tell them from hostilea.
The only thing distinctively worn by the
Indian scout outside the Government belt
that carries his ammunition to distinguish
him, is a red handkerchief bound around hi»
head. The frontiersmen argue that red
handkerchiefs are so, common that no Indian, hostile or otherwise, need bo without
ono. It is well-known that the lack of uniform of the Indian scout is a source of perpetual danger on the border to Americans
and Mexicans alike, and has cost the sacrifice of many fives.
A Cnro for* nightmare,
A fertile brained man of this city, who
cannot sleep on his back without conjnr-
i.-ig up u series of distressing figures and
situations, has hit upon a singularly
effective plan to prevent getting into that
position through the night, The contrivance consists of a tack driven through
:i board. Tho plunk is fastened to his
back loosely, and when he turns over
from his sido the tnck is driven into his
rock and be at once springs up in tho air
and awakes when he comes down. The
lirst night he bounded up a distance ol
eight feet, but it awoke him almost immediately.
He is getting more used to the sensation now and rarely jumps over three
feet when tbe tack strikes him.
Manchester Courier,
The Fas-don for Betting.
Years ago when riding with the late
Kev. Dr. Bollard he remarked to us that
he "did not like cards, so much gambling
was done with them."
We replied;
"Doctor, we have just left the offlce aad
almost the last paragraph which we read
was iu relation to two young fellows
about to attend church service, the men
stopping at the door and making a bet
upon the length of the sermon to bodeliv-
eH4,'-BrnMw'okjMe.) W«yinJ»._
"customers troubled with njivcritoinpiiunc,
Constipation, Dyspopsia, Impurity of tlio
Blood, and othor physical infirmities, anil
as a female medicine, it lino accomplished
remai'kublo cureB.
ntinoointion is empowered to receivo applications for nioinboi'slilp, tlie foo for
which amounts to only tho insignificant
sum of l}2.   This secures Irco admission
,'nr Kx-.Miivnr Ijiearusunvri
iMltllO M .linill''"	
Stowart *Cnsh	
.Ins Ounnlinrhain	
in no
25 I'll
Sam FaAsrasco, Cm.-- ,
-inWvir.i,i!.Kv., Nuw V oat. V
frice lisis, os.oi   * ■ll" °
first-class work is done.
ire w""" XvlRWlf-t>Gn'-M-JBWBsJ...
trolnesday Homing, Feb. a, 1889.
■ The United States is having its
corns trod on by foreign powers, big
and  little,  these  times.     In  its
rather peevish and undecided protests against these liberties its prestige  is   not receiving  any  added
lustre.   Little Hayti, to be  sure,
was finally  bluffed  with  a great
flourish  of trumpets, but in  this
vexed Samoan affair, the great republic, although having suffered a
real, or imaginary affront to its flag
from the swaggering and aggressive
Germans, cannot quite make  up its
mind to bring the offender up sharp
and demand an unqualified apology
and redress.   The consequence is a
vacillating and uncertain course, not
at all flattering to the national pride
of patriotic aud "jingoe" Americans,
and  not  much  in  keeping   with
American bluster on other and safer
occasions     The   Samoan  Islands,
called also the Navigators' Islands,
are four in number, are situated in
the South Pacific, and for about ten
years have been under the joint protectorate   of   England   and   the
United States and Germany.   Those
islands are  considered  a  vantage
point in the south seas, hence the
determination by each of the three
powers named that neither should
have exclusive control.   For three
or  four  years   the  people of the
Samoan Islands have been plunged
in trouble, and the foreign consuls
have been quarrelling as a result of
the covetousness and aggressiveness
of the Germans.   Germany's commercial interests in the islands are
Baid to be greatest, those of  the
United States seecond and those of
Great Britain third.   Germany has
been trying to secure a monopoly of
the whole trade by dominating the
government of the islands, which is
that of  an independent kingdom.
The following from an eastern exchange is a fair review, embracing
the principal details of the present
Samoan trouble and the causes leading up to it:    "Four years ago the
Germans persuaded King Malietoa
to sign a treaty by which the government of his kingdom would be
virtually in the hands of the Germans, as it provided for a cabinet
with  two   German  traders,  two
nativis, and the German consul as
the fill h member.   Tho English and
Americans objected to this treaty,
and King Malietoa withdrew from
it, and becoming afraid of German
aggressiveness, applied to England
to annex the kingdom, and take his
peopl' under her protection.   The
British government refused to do so,
but ever since the anger of the Germans against him, and their jealousy of the English and Americana
knew  no  bounds.   They  fostered
the pretensions to the throne of a
native named Tamasese, who is supported only by a small portion of
the  Samoans,  supplied  him with
arms and ammunition, and  aided
him in many ways.   He made no
progress against Malietoa, however,
and the Germans, under pretext of
protecting German interests, hoisted
the German flag over a piece of land
at Apia, and then ordered Malietoa
to haul down the Samoan flag which
was over the government buildings.
The king refused to do so, and a
German man-of-war in port landed
an armed force, which tore down
the flag.   King   Malietoa  had  a
treaty with the United States, by
virtue of which the American government was bound to defend the
Samoan kingdom against  the aggression  of  foreigners, and he applied to the American consul for
protection.   The American consul,
in conformity with the treaty, accompanied by an armed force from
the American man-of-war, re-hoisted
the Samoan flag over the government    buildings,     placing      the
American flag over all.   The German residents were more enraged
than ever, but the German war vessels sailed out of port the same day.
Just aa they steamed out of sight a
second American man-of-war steamed into the harbor with colors flying,
and the people of Samoa thought, of
course, that German aggressiveness
had suddenly terminated before a
show of power on the part of the
United States.   The American consul notified his government of his
action, and the government, under
stress of German representations,
rebuked him for his action, replaced
him with another consul, and the
German war vessels returned,   The
Germans  thereafter openly  acted
against King Malietoa, whom they
first seized and imprisoned in spite
of the protests of the other consuls,
and then carried off into exile in
one of their warships,   They then
placed Tamasese on the throno. The
natives of the Samoan islands chose
as their king a relative of the late
King Malietoa, named Mataafa, and
they have defeated Tamasese over
and over again, and the latter has
been  compelled   to   take  shelter
nnder the guns of the German fleet.
Eeoently the  Germans  landed a
party for the purpose of attacking
King Mataafa's forces, but the lat- \
Enilgrated South.
extraordinary outrages on
cans and on their flag have just
reached the United States, which, if
they are well-founded, will give that
country a pretty direct challenge tp
war. All along there have been
sharp diplomatic passages at arms
between the American and German
governments on the affair, but it is
not likely that the quarrel will ever
become more than a diplomatic
one." This conclusion, as our readers know, is amply justified. The
American foreign policy in this matter would appear to be "peace at
any price." And no doubt, Uncle
Sam is right, if he is not very sensitive on microscopical points of
The editor of tho Boston Tran-
script has evolved a large idea.
"Why not construct steeples with
hinges at the base," lie says, "so
that they can turn them down for
painting or repairs? No caveat for
this improvomement is entered, and
inventors are welcome to the idea."
Great head, that editor.
The name 6f the Arab leader at
Suakim is sometimes but incorrectly
called Osman Digma. It is properly
Osman Digna, or ns the natives
there pronounce it, Dikna. Tho
second name is from the Arab
"dikn," meaning a beard, and was
given to Osman on account of the
heavy beard that adorns his chin.
Says an exchange : His name
was William, and he was called Bill.
The old man did not like him as a
suitor to his daughter and kicked
him out. The next day he met the
daughter and complained. The girl
apologized and said that "her father
was so accustomed to foot all the
bills that he perhaps did it un-
Dr. McGlynn seems to be growing
bolder, not to say more reckless,
says the Brooklyn Magle. Ho was
reported to have said recently, while
reviewing the refusal of burial in a
Catholic cemetery of one of his own
and Henry George's disciples, that
he would as readily have his body
committed after death to the interior
of a shark as to any   other  place.
England to-day pays a total of
$4,080,000 in subsides, and by that
means she gets $365,000,000 of the
$665,000,000 paid for carrying trade
of the world. There is such a thing
in America as being "penny wise
antl pound foolish," and the question
of "subsidies" for the great carrying
trade of tbe world and the decision
of American statesmen upon it puts
us on the "penny" side.—Am. paper.
' The New York World says : "The
coast of the United States is utterly
defenseless and invites attack.
Foreign iron-clads can enter any
port of this country between Maine
and Texas, far enough at least to
bombard and destroy the cities and
bring this nation to its feet. Most
of the new ships are on paper, and
there are no iron-clads. Torpedoes
and dynamite guns cannot, unsupported, keep out the armored ships
of an enemy."
A German paper reports that a
novel use of electricity has beon
made in India for the prevention of
the intrusion of snakes into dwellings. Before all the doors and
around the house two wires are
laid; which are insolated from each
other and connected with an induction apparatus. Should a snake
attempt to orawl over tho wires he
receives a shock of electricity which
either kills or frightens him into
a hasty retreat.
An exchange says : Henry
Scooler, a St. Louis lad, who was
kidnapped three years ago, was
restored to his parents this week,
having been found (through the aid
of a newspaper picture of him) on a
farm near Oairo, 111. After being
abducted, so the boy states, bo was
bound out to a brickmaker in an out-
of-the-way spot, reached after a fast
ride of three days. He afterward
ran away and engaged with a farmer,
who saw the cut in a St. Louis
paper, and thinking it resembled
his little employe, looked into the
The other day, Mr. Harrison,
president-elect of the United States,
went to a friend's farm to look at a
pair of horses he thought of pnrchas-
ing. One of the big American
papers makes nearly a column of
this, giving minute details of the
trip—of the time the party spent at
lunch, and so forth, and capping the
climax of its absurdity by gravely
assuringits readera that the mombers
of the party were "dumb as oysters"
when questioned as to whether Mr.
Harrison, hod closed the bargain or
not 1 Brother Jonathan had better
kill off a few of his own fools before
he sneers any more at John Bull's
worship of "big wigs."
The Greek town of Oastri is to be
bought out in order that enthusiastic explorers may excavate the site
of the ancient temple of Apollo at
Delphi.   To buy out the town will
i.Hn ncucnii   uriim I
with a similar one tor the American
College at Athens, Professor Norton,
of Harvard, is now trying to raise
in the United States. At a meeting the other evening in New York
the professor, on learning that two
gentlemen were willing to start the
subscription list with a thousand
dollars each, regretted that the first
donation was not to be twenty
thousand. The rage for digging up
ancient remains in the east has
hardly reached that stage of intensity
in the classic city of  New York.
A boy, says tho New York Sun's
London cable, whose pluck deserves
to be told about is Albert Battison,
of her Majesty's ship Impregnable,
who has just received the Stanhope
gold menal, the highest honor of the
Royal Humane Society. He earned
it in this way : A 13 year-old girl
attempting to cross a river broke
through the ice and disappeared
beneath it. A man went part way
to her assistance, but came back
frightened. Battison went out on
the ice, dived under it, and got the
girl, taking his chance of being able
to break the ice with his head as he
rose beneath it. Ho succeeded in
doing so, and got the girl ashore.
The water was over fourteon feet
deep, and as cold as it usually is when
a river is frozen.
There has been much, talk, says
an exchange, of the. infamies alleged
to be commonly practised in "dens"
in the Wisconsin woods. Girls are
said to be retained against their will
in these places, maintained for rough
and vicious men whose employment
takes them away from towns into
the forest regions of the state. There
have been heartrending stories of
helpless girls trying to effect an
escape and being traced by blood
hounds and brought back. Denials
and reiterations of these atrocities
have followed quick upon each other
during the past year, and now the
Wisconsin legislature has clone the
best thing it could have done in the
matter. It has ordered an investigation which will settle definitely
the truth or falsity of the charges,
Governor Foraker, of Ohio, having
undertaken to make excuses for the
"White Caps," saying, inter alia,
that "many of them ere respectable
citizens," the Inter-Ocean's bystander
goes for him in this sensible style :
If the "White Caps" are "respectable and responsible citizens" thoy
know exactly what they were doing
and should be held responsible all
the more rigidly. It is the respectable elements of such a conspiracy
that make it dangerous. It was the
ministers, lawyers, doctors, and
respectable planters of the south
who made the Kuklux Klan a thing
of unexampled terror. And it was
the folly of compromising with them,
promising them immunity, which
enabled them to gather power sufficient to defy tho governments of
the various states and finally overthrow and destroy them. It is "respectable" criminals who most
deserve punishment, and whose
punishment is most valuable to a
community. The weak, ignorant,
and depraved—the habitual criminal
—expects to be punished, and his
fate awakens little attention. The
punishment of the "respectable and
responsible" violators of tho law is
the only assertion of power that
gives dignity and respect to a state.
An Amerioan writer has given a
summary of progress in securing
woman suffrage in the United
States and elsewhere. It has, he
says, been introduced in some form
into over 100 States and Territories
of North America, Europe, Asia,
and Australia, besides many islands.
All of tho United States Territories
except New Mexico accept it in
some degree; nnd all the mainland
provinces of Canada, as well as
overy Australian colony but ono.
The idea is more acceptable on the
Pacific coast than on the Atlantic;
but it has made very aggressive
advance in all the states in special
or municipal elections. Another
authority sketches what has been
done for the education of women.
He says that the education of women
has passed all stages of opposition,
and uf toleration; it io now the rago,
the passion, of the age. It is, at
least, understood that the permanency of civilization depends on well-
educated mothers; because the force
of heredity is maternal. In addition
to the colleges for women and
and annexes to the universities,
colleges of arts and industries are
being established, Cambridge,
England, has opened a college of
carpentry for the female sex. The
object is quite similar to that of our
schools for manual culture, that is
manual dexterity, rather than a
trade, It is thought that the women
will soon invade the trades, as they
have the professions,
Obituary.  | „„„   fc
A fossil tortoise found in the city
of Perpignan, in the Pyrenees, is
over four feet long and thirteen feet
in circumference, and is the largest
specimen in existence,
Since 1884 observations havo
been made all over France for the
purpose of detecting any variations
in the level of the land. The northeastern part appears to be sinking
about an inoh a year—a change that
must produce serious results in a
few centuries if it continues.
Transparent paper for supporting
the sensitive films used for photographic negatives has not been
entirely satisfactory. For several
years thin celluloid plates have been
tried, and Mr. Jno. Carbutt states
that during the past year these
havo been mado n porfect lightweight substitute for plates of glass.
A beard over 7-J- feot long is worn
by Louis Coulon, a mochanio 63
years old, living in Montlucon,
Franco. M. Coulon had to shave
when twelve years old, but soon
gave up tho razor, and at fourteen
was made conspicuous by a beard a
foot long. He is loss than 5"- feet
tall, and coils his board round his
Sore throats may bo prevented,
according to Mr. H. V. Knaggs, by
the continuous wearing of from ten
to twenty threads of Berlin wool.
These should be kept around the
neck except during ablutions, and
left off gradually by removing one
thread daily. The remedy is supposed to act npon the ring of skin
as a slight counter-irritant.
untA i
From 100,000 to 150,000 infants
died yearly in France from hunger,
neglect, and liko preventable
causes, and the evil is growing.
The first-year death-rate wbb 18.9
per cent in 1840-44, and is now 26
per cent
India-rubbor is being tried for
paving streets in several German
towns. The flrst pavement of the
kind was laid by Herro Busse, of
Lindo, on the Goethe Bridge, in
Hanover, in 1887. The material is
claimed to combine the clastricity
of rubber with the resistance of
stone, and to be perfectly noiseless,
unaffected by heat or cold, and less
slippery than asphalte,
State Weather Bureaus.—The
establishment of a weather servico
in each State, to co-oporate with the
National service, is urgod by Prof.
F. E. Nipher. Such organizations
could better study local climate, and
could thoroughly distribute the
predictions required by locnl industries. In 1893 the telephone
will become public property, when
every farm may be put in communication with the country seat at
small expense, and may receive
weather intelligence promptly.
Prof. Nipher believes that this will
be done, and that it can best be
done through plans worked out by
State directors.
A Wall op Flies.—Among fly-
pests, the sand-flios of the Egyptian
deserts are described by a late writer
as taking the palm. This observer
passed Fort Tel-cl-kebir on the day
after the battle thero in 1882, and
asserts that he was compelled to
force his way through a wall of flies
which was a mile long, ten yards
high, and forty yards wide, with
"the flies so thickly massed that they
might be said to bo riding one on
top of the other nnd brushing each
other side by side." The black wall
covered the line of dead Egyptians.
The sound was deafening, and a
heavy pressure was felt on the
terrified pony which was with the
greatest difficulty made to struggle
through the mass.
The Great Fossil Mammals.—
Some of the largest mammals known
to have existed on the earth are
ranked by La Nature in tho order
of their size as follows: 1. Dino-
therium gigantcum of the upper
miocene of Attica. From the size
of a tibia or skin-bone that has been
found, it is estimated that this
animal must have attained a height
of 14' feet at the shoulders and 16
feot at the top of tho hoad. 2,
Elephas anliquus of tho quaternary
of the environs of Paris. A humerus of this animal indicates that it
must have reached 13 feet at the
shoulders and 14 J at the top of the
head. 3. Elephas meridionalis of
the upper pliocene of Durfort. Tho
largest entire skeleton of a fossil
mammal thus fur known is one of
this animal in tho Paris Museum,
It is 12} feot in height at the
shoulder bones, ISf at the top of
the head, and 21 feet in length
from the end of the tusks to the
back of the pelvis, 4. Mastodon
Americanus of the quarternary of
the United States. 5. Elephas
primigenius (the mammoth) of the
quarternary of Siberia, and the
present elephants, The skeleton of
the famous mammoth whose entire
carcass was found on tho Lena in
1709 is I'll feet in height to tho top
of the head, It is not likely, is
added, that man has seen the
dinothorium, but it is certain that
he has come face to face with tho
Elepluts anliquus and tho mammoth.
Iu order to fight thom, ho had but
stone axes, and yet he conquered
them, This allows us to believe
that our ancestors of quarternary
times had spirit and courage,
■*"" line to meet the different arrangements now if
and now offer the largest stock of HEATING and CCi
STOVES and RANGES ever imported into the Provifl
We sell three carloads of Stoves to one sold by an;'
B. C, which speaks for itself. Intending buyers will
their interests by giving us a call. No trouble to sJj
goods or quote prices.
Water St., VANCOUVER. Colnmbla St., WESTM
H. T. READ & Cl
(Masonic Block, Columbia Street.)
Largest Stock of CROSS-CUT SAWS in the I
We keep the finest Stock of BUILDERS ]
WARE in the province.
We have on hand a largo stock of Magnetic Oxide Fire-pro •
warranted 02 per ct, puro oxide. So high a grade sold by no other house
aarlmrlng tho year that we have opened we havo materially reduced I
everything in our line, nnd hopo by strict attontion to business to recoil
unncoof tno publio patronage.
Foundry and Machine S|
Front St., New Westminster, B. C.
KOBBBT TmArVtr, - ItU».
Brass and Iron Castings made to 0
i>. s.-
•All ordors from the uppor country promptly attended to.
HEAD OFFICE, * 56 New Broad St. ■ LONDON, t
The Businoss of ALLSOP & MASON hu been merged in the abt
and will be carried on by the Company from this date as a general Lam
aud Insurance Agonoy,
MONEY TO LOAN on Mortgage at Low Rates.   Town Lots I
Lands for Sale on easy terms,
Victoria a a, May Uth, 1887.
In Boots and Shoe;
SHOES, but we are selling off at a
Reduction of 15 Per Ceil
From our already Low Prices, and will continue to dj
days from Feb. Ist.
We will accept approved cheques on either of th]
our city, if the purchaser does not happen to have th»J
his (or her) pocket.   Call and see us.
Weekly British Columbian
-Wednesday Morning, Fob. n. 188V.
(from Daily Oolum'ian, Feb. S.)
Weather bright, glorious and warm.
Vancouver has now two building
Beal estate is selling rapidly and at
advanced prices.
One degree of frost last night whitened the sidewalks.
Mr. 0. Ryder of Chilliwhack is
advertising a fine farm for sale.
The contract has been let for the
building of St. Andrew's ohuroh, Victoria, whioh U to be a atone edifice.
The Hamley block is ready for occupation Bnd the tenants have already
commenced to move in. Tbe stores
are handsome and well lighted.
On Sunday a conversation was held
by telegraph between Vancouver and
St. John, N. B„ the offices speaking
direct to each othor over an unbroken
line 3,700 miles long.
L. (1. Henderson is in the city delivering Henderson's British Columbia
Gazetteer and Directory for 1889,
whioh is a very neat and business-like
appearing volume containing aome
Valuable features.
The eity counoil will apply to the
provincial government for permission
to use the chain gang to clear the
■tnmpi etc. from the Orescent, lt is
to be hoped the government will accede to the wishes of the council.
From reliable sources it is learned
that at least five brick blocks will bo
commenced on Columbia and Front
streets within 60 days. Plans for three
fine blocks are now in preparation and
it is expected tenders will be called for
ahortly for their erection.
Mr. James Cunningham comes to
tho front to-day and adds $50 to the
Exhibition Fund. ThiB is really a
handsome amount and does the donor
credit. With this example before them
it ia to be hoped other rioh citizens
will como forward and subscribe as
liberally as Mr. Cunningham has
Speaking of the late railway accident near Field, Truth says: The train
was made np of 14 cars loaded with
coal—11 flat and 3 box-care, the latter
being in the middle of the train. The
engine, weighing with tank 105 tons,
was coming down tank first. It is
badly wrecked, and lies about 150 feot
from and 60 foet below the track. The
tank is still further from the track, and
is a complete wreck. The cars were
piled bo high as to break ths telegraph
wires, aud so badly wrecked as not to
be worth repairing. The loss to tho
compnny is estimated at §30,000.
Traffic was delayed 15 hours.
Whether on pleasure bent or business,
should take on every trip a bottlo of
Syrup bf Figs, as it acts most pleasantly
and effectually on tho kidneys, liver and
bowels, preventing fevers, headaches
and other forms of sickness. For sale in
75 cent bottles by all leading druggists,
— . . ,
Brains Knocked Onl,
On Sunday morning while Somo
men were at work on the pipe line of
tho Vancouver Water Works Co., on
the north sido of Burrard Inlet, a
blast was oxploded and ono of the workmen, named Keller, was struck ou the
head by a flying stone and his brains
knocked out. A coroner's inquest was
held yesterday by Dr. McGuigan when
it transpired that the men woro at
work of their own accord and thnt no
pressure had been brought to boar to
have them labor on Sunday, A verdict of "accidental death" was return
edby tho jury.
The following ia the verdict of the
coroner's jury in the inquest held on
bodies of the two trainmen killed in
tho railway accident at Field: Wo, the
jurymen, having maturely considered
tho evidence adduced, aro of tho belief that Olias. A. Fidler and J, C.
Phelan came to their death from an
accident on the Big bill, east of Field,
British Colunibin, whereby thoir train
became wrecked. Tlio cnuso of said
accident being a deficiency of men and
powor to successfully handle freight
trains on suid hill; ulso want of mon at
safety switches, whoro, having only 1
mnn at enoh switch, he has to attend
all trains, night and dny. No binnio is
attached to conductor or engineer,
— .-^~.	
The Old ami The New.
Tho lust sermon iu old St. Andrew's
church was preached last Sunday night
by Rov. Alex, Fraser, of Comox. At
the close of the sermon, Rev, Mr.
Soouler mado some feeling remarks
appropriate to the occasion of quitting
the old churoh, whicli hud been erected by the congregation in 18113—20
years ago. Tho new brick ohurch wai ah;
nouncud tube opened on Sunday next,
Feb. 10th, when it is expected the Rov
D. Frasor, of Victoria, will conduct
the morning and evening services, and
Rev. Thos. Haddon tho afternoon sorvice at 2:30. A full attendance of the
congregation is requested in the morning especially. A congregational social
will bo held on Tuesday night, Feb,
12th, in the old ohuroh. Revs. Mc
Leod, D. FraBer, McRae, Tate, and
Ross aro expeoted to be present, as
well as sovoral of the city ministers,
Refreshments will bo served and a
programmo prosented. The inuBio will
bo furnished by the choir.
 . . .	
Leadin- Dncuois'rs on this continent
teatlfy to tho largo nud constantly increasing sales of Northrop & Lyman's Vegetable Discovory nud Dyspcptio Cnru, and
roport its bonoficent effects upon their
customers troubled wltli Liver Complaint,
Constipation, Dyspepsia, Impurity bf tho
Blood, mid other physical infirmities, and
as a female medicine, it has accomplished
romarkablo cures.
Glty council.
The city council met at 8 o'clock last
night for the transaction of businesa.
Present, Aldermen Ewen, Calbick,
Scoullar, Reid, McPhaden, Towmend
and Cunningham.
Acting Mayor Curtis in the ohair.
From O. B. Sword, of Riverside,
enclosing copy of resolution passed at
public meeting at Mission, concerning
bridging the Fraser at that point.
From W. J. Walker, tendering some
advice on the appointment of a city
auditor.    Received and filed.
From Woods, Turner & Gamble
concerning their communication of the
i of December anent bonusing a
flour mill.
Referred to a committee consisting
of Aldermen Cunningham, Ewen and
McPhaden to report on as aoon as
From O. B. Johnston, of the Granite Falls Milling Co., of Granite Falls,
Minn., stating the company understood a flour mill would be bonuaed at
Westminster and asking for information.   Referred to committee.
From the privnto secretary of the
lieut.-governor stating the application
of the council to have Mr. Atkinson
re-appointed police magistrate had
been referred to the government. Received and filed.
From W. Norman Bole, Q.O., enclosing Mr, Theo. Davio's account of
9350. Referred to the finance committee.
From (he city olerk of Viotoria concerning the account of the look-up
keeper for the keep of prisonen held
by order of the police. Referred to
the police committee to report on at
next meeting.
From Wm. H. Hancock offering $6
for the pavillion on the Crescent which
was erected for the reception of the
Marquis of Lome and Princess Louise.
Cln motion the offer was accepted.
The financial statement for January
was read and adopted.
From T. Ackerman, chief engineer,
calling attention to the necessity of
electrio bells for the fire department;
also the removal of a small land slide
in rear of the lire hall. Referred to
the fire committee and board of works
to report on at next meeting.
A petition from the residents of the
upper portion of the city asking the
council to petition the government to
build a sidewalk on the west lide of
Mnry st., above Royal ave.
The clerk was ordered to memorialize tbe government to build the side
Aid. Cunningham introduced the
reeve of Richmond, Mr. Kidd.
Mr. Kidd was invited to take a seat
on the platform and accepted.
Aid. Cunningham reported, aB delegate appointed by the council to the
mooting of fruit growers at Vanoouver.
The report was as follows:
In accordance with a resolution of the
city council passed on the 7th of January,
appointing mo a delegate to represent
this city at a convention of fruitgrowers
to be bold at the city of Vancouver on
February 1st, I attonded and had the
honor of assisting to organize a society
to be known as the British Columbia
Fruit Growers' Association, tho object of
which is to encourage and promote the
cultivation and exportation of fiuit in
the provinco of B.C.
Many prominent fruit-growers were in
attendance add tho utmost harmony and
good-will prevailed. It is to be regretted
that many gentlemen resident in this city
and vicinity whose interest and success
in fruit culture nre well known were not
present at this important gathering. I
think, howovor, that this was owing to a
misapprehension, as it was supposed that
only thoso who were invited wero expected to bo present. New Westminster is
not nor can she be indifferent to any
movement that will add to tho development of the industrial resources of this
Agricultural interests are now receiving much of our attention, and deserved
ly so. Wo owe it to ourselvos to promote in every possiblo way this important branch of human industry, Our geographical position as a city entails upon
us the absolute necessity of leading in
every undertaking that may benefit tho
agriculturist. If this bo truo in regard
to agriculturo it is equally so in reference
to fruit growing. Situated as we nro, in
tho centre of the most important and
promising fruit district, of easy access by
both land and water, with the vory best
facilities for shipping and marketing, wo
ennnot hut bo deeply interested in the
production and exporting of fruit, for
whioh our soil and admirable climato are
so-woll adapted.
Muoh ns wo may push tho develop,
ment of agriculture, we cannot hopo to
do more than supply our home market
with tho products of tho soil. It is far
otherwise with fruit growing. AVo can
and must develop au export trado tho
extent of which fow hnve any adequate
conception. The inhabitants of tho
great North-west and Manitoba, whero
successful fruit growing iB impossiblo
owing to elimntic influences, nro looking
to British Columbia for their supply.
China nnd Japan are alike open to us, so
that we have not to seek markets but
simply to supply the doiiiund already
existing, 1 bespeak then tho enrnest as-
sistauco and co-operation of this council,
onr representatives at Ottawa and Victoria nud every citizen in this important
I cannot speak too highly of tho kind
and considcrnto assistance rendered by
his worship the mayor, tho press and
citizens ot our Bistor city Vnncouvor.
Those gentlemen, with hrond and enlightened views, aro conferring lasting
benefits on the entii-c.provineu. Now
Westminstor cannot nfl'ord to. do less.
Every citizen ought to become a member
of tho fruit growers' association.
Tho first exhibition will bo held at
Vanoouver during tho first week of Aug.
ust next, when it is tb bo hoped New
Wostmiiister will be largely represented
by an extensive display of the beautiful
fruits and flowers lor which she is justly
Tn conclusion, I would intimate that
each ol" the ofHeors anil directors of thu
association is empowered to receive applications for membership, the fee for
which amounts to only tho Insignificant
sum of *J2,   This secures Irco admission
to the exhibition for all artioles that any
member may choose to enter and a full
participation in all the benefit of the
I would offer a suggestion for the consideration of this council that immediate
steps be taken to secure some public
place in this city where choice fruits and
vegetables maybe kept on permanent
exhibition so that strangers unacquainted
with the character of our products may
be able to judge for themselves just what
can be done in the fair province of British Columbia.
AU of which is respectfully submitted,
Thos. Cunkikgham,
On motion Mr. Cunningham's report
was adopted and a vote of thanks was
passed to that gentleman for the same.
Mr. Cunningham thanked the council and said he had only done his duty
whioh he was certain every other alderman would do.
The finance committeo reported on
the following accounts, which are ordered paid: Telegraph Co., $1.02;
Colombian, $94.81; D. Robson, $25;
J. H. Moore, $62; Jacob Scott, $15.90;
W. Urquart, $30.93; F. Forrest, $64.-
25; J. Jensen, $30.37; Chas. Blair,
$21.93; Wm. Dyker, $30.93. Received
and adopted.
Moved by Aid. Cunningham, seconded by Aid. Reid, that this council
heartily endorses the resolution passed
at the Mission meeting anent bridging
the Fraaer at that point.   Oarried.
Moved by Aid, Scoullar, seconded
by Aid. Reid, that the city engineer be
instructed to prepare and lay before
the counoil, at as early a date as possible, consistent with his other duties,
an estimate of the cost of placing in
proper condition all streets already
opened; the cost of completing
Btreets partially opened; and the coat
of opening up all streets within the city
limits. Said estimate to give the
amount required for eaoh street.
The resolution was lost on an amend-
ment that the board of works have
power from time to time to instruot
the city engineer to report on certain
street work.
A resolution wai passed ordering the
finance committee to purchase a new
set of books and all papers necessary,
On motion the usual quarterly allowance to the fire department was ordered paid.
Moved by Aid. Scoullar, seconded
by Aid. Calbick that the clerk be instructed to communicate with the provincial government, through the Hon,
John Robson, asking them to allow the
chain-gang to be placed at the disposal
of the mayor for the purpose of having
the atumps removed and ground levelled on Albert Orescent.
On motion a committee consisting of
Aldermen Cunningham, Scoullar and
Reid were appointed to consider Aid.
Cunningham's report anent the fruit
growers' association.
The council then adjourned till Monday night.
Information Wanted.
Editor Columbian. — Permit me,
through your paper, to enquire if you or
any of your readers can tell when the
disputed land claims in this district are
to be settled, or are thoy to bo settled
at all. Mr. Planta took evidence in all
cases in dispute nbout last June, and wo
wore lond to believe that all disputes
would be settled right off. Some of the
parties have been on these claims four
and firo years, and no doubthave thrown
so muoh of their lives away; but as
long as some peoplo have fat offices
they think very little about the poor
farmers. Farmers are only thought of
when taxes are required to pay salaries,
or at eleotion time, when their bosses
(not their servants) come round to
soap thom up a little, and for a time they
aro considered men. Well, it iB one
consolation ub poor animals are useful
for something. I supposo the idea is, if
matters arc left as thoy aro, that half of
us will extinguish tho othor, honco a
financial victory for our masters. It
will leavo them moro to gobble up, you
know. A Settler.
Sumas, Feb. 1st, 1889.
[From what we can learn, tho labors
of the commission appointed to arbitrate on squattors claims in this district, and which wore apparently satisfactorily finished, so far as they went,
in July last, aro likely to be rendered
futile by a misunderstanding betwoen
the two governments- provincial and
Dominion. In appointing the commission last year it would appear that
the provincial government assumed
that the Dominion authorities would
recognize tho settlement thus made,
but there avo grounds to fear that tho
contrary is the case.—Ed.]
It. €. Provincial Exposition
Subscription Fund.
For the purposo of raising a fund to
contributo towards the patriotic and
worthy object of making tlio next annual provincial fair, to lie held in this
city, a grand and unprecedented success,
the undersigned agree to contribute tbo
sums opposite their respective names (to
bo paid into the association or to trustees
competent to receive tho same, on or *)e-
fore 0 months from the date of the last
provincial exhibition, and to be applied
to preparing exhibition grounds nnd
buildings in the city, for increasing tho
amount offered in prizes, and for furthering tho oxhibition in other ways):
Tiik Cor.imniAN 1100 W
Sharpe & I'rilne, I.ulu Island    10 00
h P Rckstotn  10 00
0 D llrvmncr  10 00
It W Armstrong  10 00
F It Glover.  10 00
Walker & shadwell  10 00
clinnl number.  10 00
Peter Grout  10110
Georgo Turner  10 00
W.I Armstrong  SO 00
A .1  Hill  10 00
Cant A (i.inil  10 00
J 8   Miinlonnll  WOO
WO Love  10 00
I' llllnilmu  10 00
K (I Hlrleklund  2-5 OO
Glltcy llros  20110
H ll wobb ,  2" 00
T Cuti'.rhiuli.-iMi  110 00
llemloi'srill llrnv, Clillllwliiiel;  Ill 00
A   II Wlnti'imiti'  10 Oil
Per K.vMii.vnr Diokinson  212 85
MinloM .lurimw  10 110
Stowart, ,t Cash  :'"> 00
.Ins otinnfii'itbnin  liooo
Wholesale city Market.
_jf,     per 100 lbs 15 509 650
Pork  '        "     8 00® 0 00
Mutton      "          8 00 9 0 OO
Potatoes     "              60(9    '5
Cabbage    "             609 100
Onions      "         „. 1009150
Wheat        "  1609 0 00
Oats "   1 85 9 1 60
Peas "   1509 2 00
Hay,       per ton 12 00916 00
Butter (rolls) per Dj  0 289 0 85
Cheese, "      0149 0 15
Eggs,      per doi  0 859    40
Cordwood (retail) per oord  8 009 4 00
Apples, per box      80 9 1 25
les(gr'n)per 100 lbs  4 009 « 00
„,' . ("w!..     "       ~  5 00 9 8 00
Wool, per lb       69    10
Mra. Barnhart, cor. Pratt snd Broadway, haa been a sufferer for twelve years
through rbenmatism, aud has tried every
remedy she could hear of, but received no
benegt until she tried Dr. Thomas' Eeleotric Oil; she says ahe cannot express the
satisfaction she feela at having her pain
entirely removed and her rheumatism
cured. There are base imitations of this
medicine for sale; Bee that you get Dr.
Thomas' Eclectric Oil.
Melt.rologlcal Beport far Week EaMllai
Feb. -ind, MM.
Sunday 42.0 32.0
Monday 40.0 82.0
Tuesday 88.0 84.0
Wednesday 86.0 82.0
Thursday 40.0 87.0     .20
Friday 48.0 88.0   0.88
Saturday 47.0 44.0   0.43
Mists, fogs, cloudy, calm.
A, Peele, Capt'n.
Wta Baby was tlek, w. gar. su Cutorls,
-inua As wh a CUU, ah. atM for Caalorla,
Wkta -At smsbm Miu, A. dung to Cutorls,
Offlcea, Masonic Buildings, New Westmin*
Bter, and Vancouver, B.O.     JySldwte
Offices-Masonic Building,
dwfelOto Now Westminster, B. O.
rt W. quant,
OFFioi-Comer Mary and Olarkson Sts.
OtFioi-New Maaonlo Blook,
dwaputc Westminster.
M. CAN. BOO. O. E.
Office—New Masonic Block,
dwmhistc New Westminster.
M.CAN.Soc.CE.,Assoc M. INST.CE,
Offlce of the Coquitlam Water Works Co,
Masonic Block, Westminster.  wmh28
J\ a partially Improved farm at a bargain should apply to tho undersigned,
who has decided to dispose of his homestead. The quality of the land ls flrst-
clans. The location ls all that can be desired. Railway station, steamboat landing, postofflce. churches, and school nre
In the immediate neighborhood. The
property will be sold cheap.
jn23\vm2 Port Haney.
Uwhack, containing 9-t acres, 60 of
which are ln good state uf cultivation;
4 ncres in orchard. Eighty tons of hny
and grain wero grown on tbe l'i) acres
last senson. Comfortable house and frame
barn and outbuildings. Fine mountain
stream runs across farm. Price $3,500.
This Is a splendid chanco. For further
particulars apply, personally, or by letter,
to O. RYDER,
fobf-r-w-tc Chilliwhack.
A Pleasing Sense of Health
and Strength Renewed, and
of Ease and Comfort
Follows tho use of Syrup of Figs, as it
aots gently On tho
Kidnhys, Liver @ Bowels
Effectually Cleansing the System whou
Costivo or Bilious, Dispolling
Colds, Headaches and Fevers
and permanently curing
without weakening or irritating tlio organs on whieh it nets.
For snlo lu 76o pottles by nil Lending
MAKiirAoi-uiiKu o.vi*r sr tub
, Hah Voascjisco, Cat,..
'•f-T*VH,II)'S,KY., NliW YtKM. IV *
Who is the Live Boot and Shoe fflan
A Thousand Tongues will Answer:
SX Col-u.wj.-bla Street.
less you take advantage of this GRAND OFFER I am
making in Goods FOR THE NEXT SIXTY DAYS from this
date, you will get left.
Come at once and get your BOOTS, SHOES, SLIPPERS,
while my stock is bright, new and complete. Also, a large assortment of American Goods, from Philadelphia, Chicago and San
Francisco.   Do not wait till your neighbors have had their choice.
10 per cent. Discount on all Cash Par-
chases for the Next Sixty Days.
I'iFOrders from the country promptly attended to.
Sole Agent for Sabin's Beeswax Oil Blacking; prevents shoe
from cracking.   Also, Oil Shoe Dressing, equally a blessing.
Nkw Westhinster, Jan. IS, 1889, dwjely
Choice Family Groceries!
LaTorad-or ZE-Iexring-G,
2v£ae]sexel, Salt Cod,
A.imo'ai's TJnc. Hams,
-A-rmo-ax's TJnc. Bacon.
Flo-u.r. Bran. Snorts,
noidwij Scouliar-Armstrong Block, Columbia St.
Wholesale and Retail Druggists
Removal Sale!
Great Kefluctioii in Prices Previous
to Removing into New Store.
Our fine assortment of  Olotning" <5S Hats we
now offer at ALMOST COST PRICES.
Including Tools of all kinds of tho host makes; Cross-cut & Haild-StlWS,
Barbed Wire for Fencing, and all the necessary llciisils for I',;i-iiiiiig;
Pulley ltlocks, Snatch Blocks. Rope & Chain in all sizes; Pitch.
Tar & Oakum: Tarred and Plain Paper for Building: Paints & Oils
in all colors; M<|llill l'lllllls in nil shades; Floor l'lllllls roady touse; ('rind
Stones; Wall Paper iu all designs; Brooms & Brushes for all purposes;
Lubricating Oilsi Traps of all descriptions, anil a general assortment of
Agricultural implements,
*3T Special attention given to orders by mail.
T. J. TEAPP <3S CO.,
Columbia Street, New Westminstkb.
Central Grocery, Columbia Street,
AS JUST RECEIVED Fcarman's (Hamilton, Ont.) Bacon, Hams.
Lard, etc.—a choice lot which will bo sold cheap.
Ogilvie & McMillan's Hungarian Flour always on hand; also—
SpnllltmchCCIl Flour of three grades, with a fresh lino of all kinds of (Jro-
CCrlcs on band, and new Goods every week, from the cheapest markets.
Pleaso call and examine; no trouble to show Goods and quoto prico, and you
will find ono of tho best places to buy Family Groceries in tho Royal City.
Thb Columbian Printing Establishment has first-class fncuties for
all kinds of Commercial Printing. Bill Heads. Letter Heads. Circulars,
Cards, Envelopes, Blank Forms of every description, Posters, Dodgers,
Prioe Lists, rfep. Prices will he found ns low ns at any other offic* where
first-class work is done. Weekly British Columbian
Wednesday Morolng, Feb. 6, 1889.
Very sensibly, as we think, the
Vancouver council, at their last
meeting, in a resolution tacked on
to a whole string of "whereases,"
respectfully ask the provincial legislature to establish at Vancouver a
"land registry oflice for the registration of conveyances of property
withii\ the limits of the city of Vancouver," wisely concluding, it would
appear, to drop the costly, unnecessary, and, it must be added, rather
unreasonable, scheme involving the
transference of the titles from the
records of the registry office here—
of having the Richmond municipality, (fcc, included in the registry
district asked for. Vancouver city
is undoubtedly entitled to a registry
office more convenient for the transaction of its registry business than
the office at this city; and, now
that the civic authorities are moving
in the right direction, we have
much pleasure in seconding their
request to the provincial legislature.
Last Monday night, while our
new city council were holding their
lirst meeting iu the council chambers, amid the utmost harmony and
good feeling, the council hall of their
brethren ut Vancouver was the
scene of the wildest dissension, culminating in an evenly contested
tug of war, of three heats, between
the east-enders and the west-enders,
the former winning every heat, from
the fact that Mayor Oppenheimer
threw his weight on that end of the
rope. The question on whioh the
council divided was the opening up
of Hastings street to the east-end
park—a tract of 160 acres donated
to the city by the provincial government. The west-end aldermen, five
in number, bucked against the pro-
fosed appropriation—a matter of
7,000 or $8,000—to put the road
through to the park, one of the excited west-enders going so far as to
rail at property owners in the
east-end as "mere speculators."
The east-end "dauntless five," however, stood solidly together, and as
intimated, with the mayor's casting
vote, carried their point and the
measure. Some of the west-enders,
by way of easing their feelings, indulged in a little abuse and some
angry threats towards the mayor,
who, however, did not appear to
"take water," but told the malcontents that he was exercising his
prerogative and would do as he
pleased. The fractious and sectional
behavior of the west-enders is generally condemned, audit is hoped by
those having the best interests of
Vancouver at heart that such unseemly and foolish discussions will in
future be suppressed in the council
proceedings of   the "empire city."
In another column will be found
the full text of the speech from the
throne at the opening of the house
of commons, which took placo on
Thursday at Ottawa. The speech,
It will be observed, is comprehensive and pithy, as such documents
go, and contains a decided declaration of the government's intended
policy on some points—more particularly with respect to the international fisheries question, upon
which, as will be seen, a firm stand
has been taken, which means an
abolishment of the modus vivendi
granting temporary licenses to
American fishing vessels, and a return to the fishery article of the
convention of 1818, and au enforcement of the three-mile limit regulation of that article, "until some satisfactory re-adjustment is arranged by
treaty between the two nations."
When the fishing licenses that have
already been granted under the
modus vivendi lapse, and, according
to their declaration,, no further
licenses will be issued by the Oanadian authorities, we may look
for wincing and, perhaps, bluster,
on the part of our American cousins;
but Canada will be standing on her
strict rights, and, with the moral
support which this fact carries, can
afford to maintain these rights,
come what may. No better course
could be adopted to hasten the consummation of some "satisfactory
re-adjustment * * * between
the two nations." lt will be noted
with satisfaction, also, that the Dominion government don't intend to
allow the "briny deep" to go un-
ploughed for want of steamship subsidies to establish "direct communication" and "develop trade" between
Canada and China, Japan, Australasia, the West Indies and South
America, via British Columbia. The
amendment promised with respect
to the electoral franchise, "for the
purpose of simplifying the law and
lessening the cost of its operation,"
will be appreciated, if it accomplishes these desirable ends. Othor
important legislation is hinted at in
the speech from the throne, which
we cannot spare tho space to notice.
Children Cryfor
Thursday we laid the proposition
of the Coquitlam Water Works Co.
to the city council before our readers. By comparing these proposals
with those made by the same company in May, 1888, it will be seen
thas this last proposition is by long
odds the most favorable for the city.
Last year the Coquitlam Water
Works Oo, asked that in consideration of the city being "allowed the
free use of hydrants for fire purposes, sprinkling the streets and
flushing the sewers," the company
should be given "the proceeds of an
annual rate of one-half of one per
cent, on tho value of the assessment
roll," which being $862,611, would
mean an annual guarantee from the
city of something over $4,000.
Provision was also made that the
city might "after thirty years purchase ' the works within the oity
limits, together with the right of
independent access to the source of
supply over the ground covered by
the company's right of way, at a
valuation to be determined by arbitration." The proposals submitted
to the council on Monday lost ask
for an annual guarantee of $2,000
only, and provide that, after the expiration of ten years the city-should
have the privilege of acquiring the
works "upon such reasonoble terms
as may be agreed upon by mutual
oonsent." An alternative proposal
allows the city to beoome the controlling shareholder in the company's
stock. Several of the recently
elected aldermen have declared
themselves, before election, as in
favor of the city owning its own
water works from the start. This
is admirable as a theory, irrespective of circumstances; but it is to be
hoped that the city council as a
whole will not allow itself to attach to mere theories any undue
weight when considering the propositions of the Coquitlam Water
Works Oo. now before it. We believe that these are favorable, the
first particularly, and would urge
upon the council, in the interests of
the city, the advisability of directing their best efforts towards bringing about some arrangement with
the Ooquitlam Water Works Co., on
the lines already proposed. To refuse to consider, or to reject, the
proposals above, without good and
sufficient reasons, would be a foolish
act for the city, for the following
considerations: The water supply of
the Ooquitlam Lake is unequaled,
both as regards quantity, quality,
and the pressure obtainable by
gravitation. The city is urgently in
need, on sanitary grounds—and this
is a need that is increasing every
day with its growth—not only of a
pure and uncontaminatable water
supply, but of a thorough system of
sewerage (the latter being dependent, of course, upon an ample water
supply), as is evidenced by cases of
sickness that exist at present, and
are continually recurring, in our
midst. Westminster also requires
better fire protection, and by means
of a gravitation system of water
works this would be secured most
effectually, and, at the same time,
insurance rates would be lowered
nearly one-half. We would have
the most convenient possible means
for sprinkling all the streets, when
this was required. To sum up,
Westminster would hnve nearly
perfect sanitary conditions, ample
fire protection, low insurance rates,
conveniences for street and lawn
sprinkling, and the best of water
for domestic purposes, all over the
city, and as a natural result, largely
enhanced values in all city property. And, lastly, by no imaginable scheme that we can conceive
of, can all these desirable ends be
obtained so speedily, satisfactorily,
and cheaply, for the city, as by
closing with one or other of, what
appears to us to be, the fair and
reasonable proposals of the Ooquitlam Water Works Co., submitted
to the council at their last meeting. We hope the counoil may see
their way clear to entertaining favorably ono or other of the propositions mentioned, or else be able
to furnish satisfactory reasons for
not doing so.
The following from the Tacoma
Ledger, is so refreshingly candid as
to the United States' real status as
a naval power! (save the mark),
that we republish it, more especially
in view of the increasingly ticklish
state of affairs in Samoa, consequent upon Germany's declaration
of war against King Mataafa. These
remarks of the Ledger emphasize
very strikingly what is generally
known about the big republic s disgraceful apology for a navy, and
will assist the intelligent reader in
determining in advance, pretty accurately, what the policy of the
United States must be, even if the
emboldened Germans go so far as to
pluck a feather from the "eagle's"
wing. "It is useless to disguise tho
fact," says thn Ledger, "that the
controversy betweon the United
States and   Germany,   concerning
Pitcher's Castoria.
the Samoan Isles, begins to assume
a yery threatening aspect. This
arises from the large pretensions
made by our government and the
petty means it possesses of enforcing
respect from foreign nations. For a
quarter of a century, we have transacted national business on the
Mongolian theory that ours is the
greatest nation in the world, and
that the whole world is afraid of us.
Ships, cannons, forts and marines
we have considered entirely unnecessary. Big talk was to supply the
place of all usual facilities for maintaining national dignity. Our population, our money, and certain rolls
of ancient parchment called
"treaties," have been our reliance,
The "Monroe doetrine" has been
another paper bulwark. What did
the small but martial power of
Greece care for the gold, the population and the magnificence of the
the Persian empire 1 The Greeks
knocked the empire into pieces, took
possession of the gold, and ruled the
vast population at pleasure. Tbey
cared nothing for old arrangements
and ancient things, because they
had the military machinery to enable them to do as they pleased.
The United States cannot hold its
proper position among the nations
of the earth without complying with
the conditions. We have kept Great
Britain at bay for the reason that
Oanada would be defenseless against
the soldiers we could muster and
arm. We have no defense against
other naval powers. A few years
ago we talked big to the little nation of Ohili, which we have always
regarded with contemptuous condescension. Ohili was not frightened,
but defiant. It was then discovered
that Chili had a war vessel that
could sink the whole American
navy, and destroy every city on the
Atlantic or Pacific seaboard. As a
natural consequence we bad to pursue a pusilanimous course—in common parlance, "take wator." When
there was danger of a war with
Spain, the only war policy it was
ascertained that we could pursue
was that of loading troops on a large
fleet of unarmed transports and have
them run the gauntlet of the Spanish iron-clads around Cuba. It will
be claimed that congress is building
a navy "as fast as it oan." That if
the navy should be built any faster
much money would be stolen. If
we are such a nation of thieves that
we can't build a navy as soon as we
need it, for fear that most of the
money would be stolen, or if wo care
more for our money than we do our
national honor, then we have lost
our position among the nations of
the earth. We cannot bully Germany or any other strong nation. If
we try it our pride will be promptly
humbled and our vaunted surplus
will be cargoed over to fill tho coffers of the German empire. If we
are unwilling to promptly put ourselves in a position not only for defense, but vigorous offense, then let
us make some country a present of
the Monroe doctrine, and closely
mind our own business and let the
isles of the ocean take care of themselves." The Ledger is to be commended for its candid utterance of
even the foregoing humiliating facts;
for the motive is, no doubt, purely
patriotic, and the surest way to obtain a remedy for a bad state of
things is to point out the dire neces
sity that exists for a cure. It need
hardly be expected that the American nation, knowing its present vul-
nerableness on the water so well,
will allow itself to be drawn into
actual hostilities with Germany over
Samoan affairs,if such an eventuality
can possibly be avoided.
Messrs. C. C. Richards & Co.
Dear Sirs.—I took a severe cold in
Fobruary last which settled in my bnck
and kidneys, causing excruciating pain.
After using soveral other preparations
and being without sleep four nights
through intense suffering, I tried your
first application I was so much relieved
that I fell into a deep sleep and complete
recovery shortly followed.
John S, McLeod.
The exports from Canada during
the year ending June 30, 1888, were
§90,000,000 showing a slight falling off.
The imports decreased from $112,.
000,000 to $110,000,000. The duty
collected was over $22,000,000. Tho
imports from China and Japan were
over $2,000,000 and the aggregrate
trade of Canada was $201,000,000.
The imports of British Oolumbia wore
$3,500,000, showing a slight decrease
from the preceeding year. The exports
increased $400,000 amounting to $3,-
928,000. The duty collected was
A Cheat Sufferer.. — That porson
who is afflicted with rheumatism ia a
great sufferer and greatly to bo pitted if
they cannot procure Hagyard'B Yellow
Oil. This remedy is a certain cure, not
only for rheumatism but for all oxternal
aches and internal pains.
(From Daily Columbian, Jan. 30.)
A Grand Fancy Dress Ball, for
young folks, will be held in Herring's
Opera House on Thursday Feb. 14th.
The ball will be under the personal
direction of Mrs. J. A. Gordon.
Hr. G. W. Rasure requests us to
correct the statement now going the
rounds to the effect that he had been
a member of the Jesse lames gang.
Mr. Rasure fought against Jesse
James and his gang, but never had
connection with -him.
The Chinese New Year began today and our celestial friends did full
honor to the occasion. At midnight a
fuailade of fire-crackers, rockets, and
other fire works was commenced and
continued at intervals during the
night. To-day the principal Chinese
merchants received calls from numbers
of their white frionds,
The evangelistic services at the Baptist church, which were started on the
20th of Jan., are growing into a great
interest from uight to night. Already
soveral have been led to confess Christ.
Last night the Cow-Boy gave a very
interesting discourse on the Man-fearing Spirit. The subject was chosen
frcm the 6th chapter of Joshua. Services to-night at 7:30 o'clock. All are
The News Advertiser of this morning publishes a sensational story to the
effect that a Chinaman was murdered
in this city yesterday and robbed, and
that Constable Carty had arrested the
murderers. Constable Carty knows
nothing about the murder, neither does
anyone else. The whole story is pure
and unadulterated fiction and a libel
on the city. The Vanoouver World
also published the came ridiculons
The Fortland Daily News is dead.
It was started several years ago to
break down the Orejonum, The News
sunk over $200,000 in the effort to
survive, but finally went under last
week. The newspaper started in
Whatcom a year ago to run out the
Reveille has also had its own experience.
It costs money to break down an
established newspaper. The public
stiok to the old paper if it possesses
merit and publishes the news.- Whatcom Reveille.
The congregation of Brampton, Ontario, and their friends met the other
day to take leave of Bev, E. D. McLaren, B. D., who is coming to St.
Andrews' ohurch, Vancouver. There
was a perfect shower of valuable
presents and complimentary addresses,
and speeches expressive of the regret
felt at Mr. McLaren's departuro were
made by Presbyterian, Methodist,
Episcopal and Baptist ministers, the
mayor of the town, a judge, an M. P.
andanM.P.P. Mr, MoLatenis expected at Vancouver in two weeks' time.
n. C. Agricultural Association.
A meeting of tho directors of this
association was held in the council
chambers last night. There were
present: W. H. Ladnor, president (in
the chair;) Thos. Cunningham, vice-
president; D. Robson, secretary; J. S.
Clute, treasurer; T. J. Trapp, Jno.
Hendry, M. Steves, M. Sinclair and a
number of city aldermen and othors
who were not directors. A resolution
was passed that the institution buildings be erected on tho city park
grounds, aud a committee consisting of
J. S. Cluto, T. J. Trapp and C. G.
Major was appointed to make an estimate of the amount of money required,
and apply to the provincial government for an appropriation iu aid of the
scheme. The committee is to act in
conjunction wilh the park committee
of the city council. It was the feeling
of the meeting that any buildings
erected should he of a permanent
character and of an architectural design that would make them an ornament to the park and a credit to the
city. It was resolved that a meeting
of directors be held ou the 19th of
February to prepare a prize list. The
secretary, Mr. D. Robson, stated that
he would be compelled to resign his
oilice. The resignation was accepted
and T. R.  Pearson was appointed
 . . -.	
Yesterday Mr. and Mrs. \V. D.
Ferris celebrated thoir golden wedding, tho fiftieth anniversary of their
marriage. From 2 to 5 p. m. thoy
held a reception which was attended
by a large number of frionds and acquaintances, who were delighted to be
ablo to avail themselves of congratulating this highly respected couple.
Each visitor waB presented witha handsome souvenir card.
Mr. Ferris was born in the oity of
Bristol, England, on the 31st day of
May, 1816, and spent 22 years of his
lifo as a member in the police service.
He served eight years of the Bristol
police force and eleven years in the
Wil's constabulary, where he received
promotion. He resigned, and emigrated to Toronto, Oanada, where he
received an appointment ns euperin-
tendant of a division of  police.     In
Apilr, xuui, ... ...,0...«    his   ',.UijH1011
thero, (having taken the B. O. gold
fever), and came to New Westminster,
by which time he had pretty well got
over the contagion, and settled down
to work. About seventeen yoars ago
ho was appointed a justice of the peace
for British Oolumbia and in 1886 received the appointment of coroner for
the city end district of New Westminster. He was married on the
29th of January, 1839, at St. Pauls'
Church, Portland squaro, Bristol. The
result of the wedding was nino children, livo of whom died in iufnnoy.
The eldost son now living is forty
years of age. Mr. Ferris has filled
many important offices and has always
boen held in respect and esteem. He
served several years in the city council, representing St. Andrew's ward,
and in 1879 was elected mayor, which
office he filled to the satisfaction of
Mrs. Ferris was born on the 6th of
January, 1813, at Yate, in the county
of Gloucestershire,and has been a good
and faithful wife and a careful and affectionate mother, thoroughly attentive to husband, ohildren and home
duties, for fifty years, and has, as already stated, been the mother of nine
children and is now grandmother of a
little less than a score.
At the request of the congregation
of St. Paul's R. E. church, of which
Mr. and Mrs. W. D. Ferris have been
prominent and useful members, they
held another reception in the ohurch
in the evening. The ohuroh waB
crowded when, about 8 o'clock, Mr.
and Mrs. W. 1). Ferris entered that
edifice, while Miss Mathers played on
the organ a wedding maroh. The
pastor gave out the 166th hymn, beginning "Kindred in Christ for his
dear sake, a hearty welcome here receive," after which he offered an appropriate prayer.
The Rev. Mr. Haddon then said ho
had an address to read, when the
couple arose, and he road as follows:—
Mr. and Mrs. W. D. Ferris:
Dear Fkiknds,—On this the fiftieth
anniversary of your marriage—your golden wedding day, the congregation of this
church offer you their sincere and hearty
It falls to the lot of very few of thoso
are joined in matrimony to live together
in that honorable estate during the space
of half a century, and we feel, as no
doubt you feel yourselves, that you have
been especially favored by Providence,
having both passed tbe allotted span of
human life.
You were among the first of the little
band who organized this church and
your assistance and zeal in support of its
cause are well known and appreciated
by the congregation, especially by those
who can look back to the time when
they woro without a pastor, when Mr.
Ferns led their devotions with such satisfaction to all; when through good and
evil report you were steadfast to yonr
charge and mainly instrumental in keep*
ing together the little flock.
We have now muoh pleasure in presenting you with this gold-headed cane
and this gold bracelet, whioh are suitably inscribed for this occasion, and we
wish you to accept them, not for their
intrinsic value, but as tokens of our love
and respect, and we trust and pray that
God may still further lengthen your
lives for many years.
Signed on behalf of the congregation,
Thomas Haddon,
W. A. Duncan, Wm. Johnston, W. J.
Mathers, Hugh Bubs, Charles
Warwick, J. Batchelob.
After reading the above, Mr. Haddon approached and Baid: "I have
much pleasure in presenting this address to you, Mr. Ferris, accept it as a
tsken of the esteem with which you
are held by this congregation, and this
gold-headed cane which you will find
not only an ornament but a useful
article that may be of service to you in
your declining years. Mrs. Ferris:
receive this gold bracelet, and whenever you look upon it think of the affection and love of the St. Paul's
chuch congregation, Westminster, towards you, and I trust you will long
live to wear1 it.
Mr. Ferris thon with great feeling
gave quite a lengthened reply. Ho said:
"I do indeed appreciate these gifts
to-day; this is the happiest day of my
lifo and I and my wife heartily thank
this congregation for its kindly remembrance of us," and then, referring to
a portion of the address, said: "We
were enabled, since tho commencement of this organization to continue
the services of the church, though for
a while our difficulties were great. We
had kept together; God had prospered
us and will prosper us, and when I
die I wish ray body to be brought to
this church and then carried from hore
to mother earth."
After he concluded Mr. Haddon,
said: "I cannot tell how pleased I am
to have the pleasure of commemorating this event. A year ago when I
was informed that Mr. and Mrs. Ferris
had lived together forty-nine yoars, I
prayed that God would spare them at
least another year so that we might see
this day, and although Mrs. Ferris
during the year has been two or three
times near death's door, yet the Lord
has kindly preserved her and both are
here to-night. I have sometimes
read of persons celebrating their golden
wedding, this, howevor, is the lirst I
have had the privilego of attending
and no doubt this is the first the majority here hare attended. I may
say not one couple out of every ten
thousand are permitted to celebrate
their golden wedding. A' great many
people live to be seventy and eighty
years of age, but very seldom man and
wife are permitted to live fifty years
together. I may also say I never
knew a subscription made so easy as
the one for the presentation to-night,
which shows the popularity of the object, Everyone hero knows that Mr.
Ferris is one of thu best and most
cheerful workers of tho church. He
will do anything that is to be done
with a willing heart." After making a
few humorous remarks he concluded
thus: "My prayer is that you, Mr.
Ferris, may long be spared to assist in
the services of the church, and that
you may for years to come havo the
companionship of your dear wife, and
that when you both shall die you may
be raised to heaven, where I trust all
of us shall meet when our labors on
earth are ended."
After thiB nearly all of the congregation came forward and congratulated
Mr, and Mrs. Ferris on the nnspicious
event. Miss Chappell sang, while
Miss Haddon presided nt the organ:
"Don't forgot the Old Polks;
Llie will soon bo o'or;
Gnldothom till thcirwonry foet
Trend the goldon Bhore," Ac,
The ICOth hymn was then sung:
"Blest be the tie that binds
Our bearts In Jesus' love;
The fellowship of Christian minds
Is like to that above."
The pastor thon pronounced tho
benediction and thus closed ouo of the
most interesting events that ever
took place in this province.
Absolutely Pure.
'.'.This powder never varies. A marvel of
purity, strength and wbolesomeness. More
economical than the ordinary kinds, and
eannot be .old ln compel ltlon with the
multitude of low test, short weight alum
or phosphate powders. Bold only lu cans.
Royai. Baking Powder Co., 106 Wall St.,
New York. Sfely
^!Pt!Il*go r±t
Fi?i?3Ml!E     -^Wi
SS  81-<S6iff-*'*fi
^tWlV^ttA^S^ 1
i*llii*ii9a-i <£&* 1
Samuel Mellard,
Dealer In Cutlery, Earthenware,
Books, Stationery and Medicines.
Land Agent, Conveyancer, and
Notary Pnbllc.
Agent for "The Columbian."
Post Offico Address, Chilllwhack,
Bank of Montreal.
CAPITA! (all paid up), . (-12,000,000
BEST,      •      ■       •      6,000,000
Head Office, - Montreal.
SIR D. A. SMITH, K. O. M. G.-Prosldent.
0. A. DRUMMOND, Eso,-Vlco-Presldent
W. J. BUCHANAN-General Manager.
 Eng.; New York, Chicago, and In all
,ho principal cities and towns ln Canada.
Interest allowed on special deposits.
Manager, Vancouver.
Sun-Agent, New Westminster.
Worsted and Tweed
Ii Iclll'S
Opp, Oolonial Hotel
Columbia St.,   ■  New Westminster.
hi::. Uer.lai.iiii!
Hay and Feed
MAR KB*-*.
Wry Goods, Boots A Shoes,
Provisions A Groceries.
KST Ah wo Usa uo whisky or tobacco we
c:\n. liy temperate habits emit onrefnl economy, servo the public nt especially low
rates. dwju-ltto (?:
Weekly British Columbian
Wednesday Morning, Feb. «, 1889.
(JVom Daily Columbian, Jan. SI.)
We have the best authority for saying that an enormous lumber mill will
be erected at the mouth ol Squalicum
oreek, within a short period. Among
i the persons interested are Mayor John
Hondry, of the Royal City Planing
i Mills, New Westminster.—ReveiMe
A special meeting ot the city council
was held last night to consider the
amendments to tho new city charter.
Various amendments were discussed
at length and committees were appointed to obtain the necessary information
and report on them as soon as possible.
The Chinese are celebrating their
Now Year, and the reckless waste of
fire-crackers and fire works goes on at
regular intervals. A prominent Chinese merchant aaid to-day that fully
$1,200 worth of these explosions has
been destroyed so far, and still the
celebration goes on.
The Westminster Rifles will parade
at the Drill Shed next Wednesday
evening at 8 o'clock for the first annual drill. Tho new uniforms have
not arrived yet and are not expected
for a few weeks, so it has been decided to commence the drills in order
to be prepared for annual inspection in
The masonic ball whioh takes place
on February 20th is the next and only
social event of importance before Lent.
A great many tickets have been sold
and the success of the ball is assured.
The executive committees have their
arrangements well advanced, and they
are determined that the event will be
the success of the season.
Senator Canliold has let a contract
for the completion of three miles of
slashing, clearing and grubbing on the
Bellingham Bay Railway & Navigation
road on Whatcom north, to McNamara,
Ford, Turner and Tracy. They are
now at work on the contract, which
will be oompleted by April 1st. Contracts for similar work to the British
boundary will probably be let to-morrow.—Reveille Jan USth.
The department of fisheries has received a petition from several salmon
packers doing business on the Skeena
river asking that the old regulations
may be reverted to in so far as they
are concerned. They contend, among
other things,.that the ebb and flow of
the tide on the Skeena will make it
difficult to operate under the new regulations. The petition has been referred to Inspector Mowat for his report.
A Monster Bear.
On Saturday last Mr. John Murray,
of Langley, who is known as one of
tho most experienced hunters in the
province, took his rifle and started out
to kill a bear. He was successful in
tracing a monster tb its lair and with
one bullet killed it dead, The beast
weighed a trifle over 400 lbs., was 7
feet G inches in length, and is, withont
doubt, the largest ever killed on the
lower Fraser. So huge was the brute
that Mr. Murray was forced to obtain
assistance in skinning it. The skin is
a dark and beautiful black with hair
long and fine, and when dressed and
tanned will make a splendid trophy,
This makes the fifth bear Mr. Murray
has shot within three months, but he
aays he would have killed many more
had he the time to spare.
The Water Scheme Proposal.
Following is the proposition made
by the Coquitlam Water Works Company to the city council at its last
"The company will engage to proceed forthwith with the construction
of a system of water-works to supply
the city from Coquitlam Lake, and
hare samo in working order ou or before the 31st day of Maroh, 1890.
"Provided the city will rent from
the company a sufficient number of
hydrants for fire protection, at a fixed
rate per hydrant, to ensure to the
company a revenue for the first year,
after completion of the works, of not
less than 82,000.
"Tho oity to have the privelege at
any time after lhe expiration of ten
years of acquiring the works upon such
reasonable terms as may be agreed
upon by mutual consent."
Tho company also makes this alternative proposition, namely: "To allow
tho city to take up a majority of shares
in a first issue of the company's capital
atook to tho amount of the estimated
cost of the proposed works.''
* *, .
Prom Famed Texada.
The C. P. N. Co'b. steamer Maude
arrived at Spratt's wharf, from Texada
Island, ahortly after sovon o'elook
yesterday morning. The Maude only
remained at Texada for about half an
hour, and that early in tho morning,
between five and six o'clock. The
minors and prnspeotors going up by
the Maude were met by a, few of tho
treasure-seekers who wero there before
them, and who apparently could not
Bay enough of the prospects of the
island. There is now about 150 men
at tho camp, and a large number of
claims have already been taken up.
Prospeoting is being busily pushed on
every side, and Beon every available
claim will be taken. It is Btated that
an offer of $50,000 for one of tho most
promising claims on tho islnnd was
rofused by the owners, Nanaimo men,
on Friday last. No great "finds" aro
being reported, but the confidence of
the miners in the permanent richness
of the voins is universal. Steamers
from Nanaimo are constantly arrivine
with prospoctors and minors, nnd
everything, is fairly booming at tho
mining camp.—Wednesday's Colonist.
Children Cryfor
Hallway Bn>as1>-tlp.
A somewhat serious accident occurred on the C. P. R. Tuesday in the
Selkirks, some eight miles oast of
Field. A ireight train waa moving at
an ordinary rate down tho steep grade
whioh exists at the point named. The
rain of the early morning, in consequence of the sudden change in the
weather, which had fallen on the rails
turned into a small coating of ice. At
intervals of short distances, aB those
who have travelled the route will have
observed, are placed sidings running
up againBt the Bide of the mountains.
These are constructed in such a manner as to arrest the progress of a train
should it become unmanageable. Approaching trains give the signal whistle for closing the switch whilst passing. The moment the ' train passes
the switch is again opened, and so remains until it iB olosed as already explained. It iB believed that the ice
had formed so rapidly as to prevent
the working of the switch with rapidity. The freight train waB wrecked,
hut to what extent is not yet definite-
known. The fireman and brakesman
received such injuries that they died
from the effects.. The engineer was
also injured, but not fatally. He will
recover. A large forco of men and
wrecking appliances and physicians
were at once despatched from Donald
to clear the wreck. Traffio was interrupted for a short time,—World.
Is Opened by Lieut.-Governor Nelson To-
Day in A Speech From tbe Throne.
(From Our Own Correspondent.)
Victoria, Jan. 31.—The morning
was ushered in with drizzling rain,
which continued nearly all day and
left the streets in a filthy condition.
Notwithstanding this, a large number
of leading citizens and many ladies
were present at the ceremony of the
formal opening of the legislature by
Hia Honor Lieut.-Governor Nelson.
His Honor's staff consisted of Lieut.-
Col. Holmes, Capt. Benson, Capt.
Olark, Capt. Nichols, Dr. Bookie and
Dr. Mathews. The guard of honor
was composed of members of "C" Battery and waa in charge of Major Peters
and Lieut. Gaudet.
His Honor ascended the throne at
2 p.m, and delivered the following
Mr. Speaker and Gentlemen oj the Legislative Assembly:
It is very gratifying in mooting you
at the opening of this your third session, to be able to congratulte you up
on tho continued nnd increasing prosperity of the province. The past year
has been one ot general prosperity;
hut more particularly it has heen so in
regard to laying the foundations of
further development of our great
forest, mineral and marine wealth.
The yield of our- coal mines exceeds
any previous year, while the opening
of new mines promises a great expansion in this important industry. The
revenue for the last fiscal year considerably exceeded your estimate, and
the present year promises still
further increase. Although the progress made in actual development of
quartz mining is, perhaps, not equal to
anticipation, yet the important dis
coveries recently made arid the organizations in process of formation for the
introduction of capital and the effective treatment of ores, justify the expectation of more substantial results
in the near future. Acting under authority given by you last session my
ministers have caused reduction works
to be erected in Cariboo. These works
will soon be ready for the treatment
of ore, and it is hoped that an impetus
will thus be giving mining enterprise
in that district.
During the past year an unfortunate
difficulty arose in connection with the
administration of justiceamongsttheln-
dians of the upper Skeena necessitating
the sending of forces to that country.
The services of "C" battery was called
Into requisition, and it is believed that
much permanent good will result
from the display of strength amongst
these remote and semi-barhorous
tribes. At the suggestion of the Dominion premier, 1 commissioned one
of my ministers to proceed to Ottawa
for the purpose of discussing with the
Dominion government several matters
of public interest, with a view of
arranging a basis of settlement. Papers concerning that mission will be
laid before you.
The "Minerals case" having been
heard before the judical oommittee of
Her Majesty'B privy counoil thero is
every reason to expect a decision will
be delivered before the labors of the
present session are concluded.
The consolidation of statutes is at
length completed and you will be asked to pass a measure necessary to give
effect to that work.
You will be invited to consider
whether the time has not arrived for
the establishment in the province of
a juvenile reformatory.
Tho publio accounts will be placed
before you, and estimates for the public service during the coming year will
be submitted for your consideration.
1 leave you to your deliberations
with the confidence that your best
endeavors will be directed to promote
tho interests of the province, and I
pray that Providenoe mny guide your
Mr. J. B. Nason, for Cariboo,
nnd J. Tolmie, for Victoria district,
were introduced.
Tho Houso adjourned till 2 p.m. tomorrow.
(From Daily Columbian, Feb. 1.)
Still the rainy and disagreeable
weather coutinues.
A couple of enterprising young easterners will shortly open a first claas
drug store in Westminster.
No Ice has passed down the river
since the so-called winter season set in
and to-day Feb. 1st, tho cold spell is
apparently as far distant aB ever.
The tug Mamie, of Vancouver, is lying at the O. P. R. wharf and will remain in port for a week to let the fresh
water cut the barnacles from her bottom.
The ribs of the new tug being built
by the Royal City mills are looming up
and the vessel begins to take form.
A large number of men are at work on
The foot-ball match which was arranged to come off to-morrow between
the Vancouver and Westminster junior teams, has been postponed for a
The Viotoria papers are vainly endeavoring to make Mr. E. Gold, of
this city, an oarsman. He lays no
claim to any such distinction, but the
Victorians seem to insinuate that if he
isn't a sculler he ought to be.
The last number of the Dominion
Illustrated is a particularly fine one as
regards the quantity and the subjects
of its illustrations. A most interesting
one is a group portrait embracing the
members of the Ontario executive and
Chue Ohue, the Chinaman charged
with attempting the life of a countryman at Vancouver, two weeks ago, has
been committed for trial at the next
assizes. He was admitted to bail today by Mr. Justice McCreight, in the
sum of $5,000.
Tho run of spring salmon is not
getting much greater and the catch
does not average more than two or
three to a boat. The fisheries inspector is issuing licenses daily and there
will be a small fleet of boats at work
as soon as the liah show signs of being
at all numerous.
Arrangements have been made
whereby the bills of the Bank of To
ronto will be redeemed at par at the
offices of the bank of North America
in the provinces of British Columbia,
Manitoba, and New Brunswick, and at
the offices of the Union Bank of Halifax in the province of Nova Scotia.—
Monetary Times.
We have received a copy of the
Canadian Horticidturist published at
Toronto and Grimsby, Ont., subscription price $1 per annum. The Horti
culturist is a neat monthly magazine,
beautifully printed and illustrated,
with a colored frontispiece, and generally speaking, taking into account the
large amount of varied and instructive
special reading matter, invaluable, we
should say, to the fruit grower, the
gardner and the florist. The small
subscription price puts it within the
reach of all. The office address is,
"The Canadian Horticidturist, Grimsby, Ont."
Look Oct tor It.—If you are troubled with a cold or cough, however light
the attack, look out for it; do not allow
it to settle on tho lnngs; break up the
cough by loosening the tough phlegm
with Hagyard's Pectoral Balsam.
Tbe Railway Work..
At the last meeting of the city council Mr. B. Douglas, president of the
Southern Railway, made application
to the council to select the grounds on
which the Southern Railway workshops are to be built. The company
is about to commence the plans for the
shops, but it will be necessary before
doing S3 to learn the exaot proportions
of the ground on whioh they are to be
built. Tho matter has been left in
the hands of the board of works to report on.
Tbe Chinese New tear.
Several men and woman nre seeking
for divorcos on the usual charges ot
tho present session of the Dominion
parliament, Tho applications include
those of Goorgo C. King, of Calgary,
d Robert Oliver, of fillisboro.
N. W. T.
Pitcher's Castoria.
The Chinese New Year is drawing
to a close, but there is no sign yet of
a oessation of hostilitiea. The leading
Chinese merchants still keep open
house and everyone who enters, high
or low, rich and poor, is welcomed and
troated to the best the board affords.
The past year has been a prosperous
one with our Chinese citizons, and
accordingly they are happy and contented. Thero is ouo peculiarity about
the Chinese and their celebrations;
they never get drunk and parade the
city singing and shouting, but, on tho
contrary, thoir most wild and reckless
flights are confined to setting off an
occasional bunch of fire-crackers.
Tbe B. C. Press.
They are discussing the cost of newspaper enterprise out at the Paciiic
coast. The conditions in the province
naturally entail n good deal of expense,
the costs in general being rather larger
than in the east and the amount paid
for telegraphic news being naturally
much greater. Tho British Columbia
papers, notwithstanding these disadvantages, of which thoy do not complain, but for which they desire to get
due credit, present their readers daily
with full summaries of the news of the
world. They intond to keep it up.
The Canadian pluck and energy which
they exhibit deservo a word of praise
and encouragement. On moro than
one occasion The Empire has alluded
in terms justly complimentary to its
Western contemporaries, and this is
a good time to repeat assurances of
appreciation by Eastorn journals of
ability shown by tho pross at tho Pnoi
fio coast.— Empire.
Desperate Deeds.       	
A large audience assembled last
night at the Baptist church to listen to
G. W. Rasure, the cow-boy evangelist,
speak of the desperate deeds committed on the frontier by renegado
whites, assisted by Indians. The
speaker was one of tho few who joined
themselves together for the purpose of
driving these demons in human form
from the frontier. In relating his experience while thus engaged, the
sufferings of the innocent came so
vividly before the speaker that for a
short time he was overcome with grief.
He showed plainly how wicked man
becomes when completely under the
influence of the evil one. He spoke
at length on the danger of committing
small sins, saying at one time those
renegrades of the plains were innooent
boys, thus showing how fast any one
will travel the downward road of sin.
At the close of the meeting three manifested their desire to forsake sin.
"Desperate Deeds" will be concluded
to-night.   All are welcome.
Part Hells.
This is a new prospective townsite,
situated about ton miles above this
city, on the south bank of the Fraser,
and immediately at the point where
the Westminster Southern first strikes
the river; The new "port" is named
aftor our late enterprising oitizen, Mr.
Henry Kells, who owns over a hundred
acres at that point. He has erected
buildings for his own use, est' bliBhed
a steamboat landing, made arrangements for having his land surveyed
into town lots, and, altogether, the
appearances are that "Port Kells"
will soon be the nucleus at least of a
future town. Mr. Kells says he has
valuable deposits on his land, of
ballasting gravel, the finest steel-gray
builders' sand, and choice yellow
pottery clay. All these are nearly
lnexhaustable. The different strata
are arranged In the following order
over an area of about 60 acres : First,
gravel, from 6 to 10 feet deep; Becond,
fine sand, with a depth of from 8 to 10
feet; and, lastly, a layer of beautiful
pottery clay, from 4 to 6 feet in depth.
We take the description and the
figures from Mr. Kell's own account,
who also adds that the different strata
may be plainly traced in the river
bank, especially during the winter
when the water is low. All these
valuable deposits, as we have intimated,
are situated at the junction of the
Southern Railway with the Fraser
river, and Mr. Kells expects shortly
to supply gravel, sand, and pottery
for the entire country.
Provincial Parliament.
After the opening of the provincial
parliament yesterday by His Honor
Lieut.-Governor Nelson, the speaker,
Mr. Pooley, took the chair. Prayers
were read by the Venerable Archdeacon Scriven.
The speaker then announced that
the vacancies which had occurred in
Victoria and the Cariboo district by
the resignation of Messrs. John and
McLeese had been respectively filled
by the election of Mr. James Tolmie
and J. B. Nason.
Mr. Nason was introduced to the
speaker by the attorney-general and
Mr. Tolmie by the provincial secretary,
The usual formal motions respecting
printing, etc., were then made.
On motion of the provincial secretary it was decided that the speech
from the throne be taken into consideration on Tuesday next.
The attorney-general introduced a
bill respecting the consolidation of the
Mr. Higgins will ask leave to introduce a bill to amend the Ballot Act
of 1877; also a bill to amend the act
to prevent the indescriminate sale or
use of poisons; also a bill to amend
the Municipalities Act of 1881 and the
amending acts thereto; also a bill relating to the offence of libel in civil
cases; also a bill to amend the act respecting public schools.
Mr. Higgins will movo that an order of the house be granted for a return of all papers and correspondence
between Ihe government and all persons or bodies corporate relative to
the location of smelting works at the
city of Vancouver.
Meetings at Matsqui and Ibe Mission.
In Better Humour Now.—"My son
aged eleven was cured of an eruptive
humour that oovorctl his hcarl and faco
with sores, by two bottles of Burdock
Blood Bitters and Pills," testifies lira.
Mary Full'orrl, of Port Hope, Ont.
At a public meeting held at Matsqui
Prairie on Saturday, Jan 26th, to con-
sidor tho steps to be taken to got the
proposed railway bridge across the
Fraser constructed lo admit of road
traffic, Mr. John Maclure was voted to
chair, and the following resolutions
were unanimously passed:
1. That it would bo very desirable
to have tho proposed C.P.R. bridge
across the Fraser in the neighborhood
of the Mission, wherever it may be
located, built to accommodate road
traffic, for the following reasons:
(1) There is at present no traflic bridge
across the Fraser below Yale; (2) the
additional expense required to make
sueh bridge available for road traffic
would not be great; (3) if available for
road traffic such bridge would be of
great uso to a very large extent of
country on both sides of the river;
(4) a traffic bridge will be indispensable in the near future, which it will bo
practically impossible to construct from
tho great expenso of a separate bridgo,
and the hindrance to navigation from
having two draw bridges in close proximity to each other.
2. That tho mooting request tho
member for the district, Mr. Chisholm, to uso hia influence at Ottawa
to have tho proposed bridge so   built.
3. Tbat this meeting request tho
Hon. Mr, Robson to lay tho matter
before the lucnl government, and get
them to do all they can to have a stipulation to this cfl'cct inserted In tho
plans for tho Baid bridge, as the oppor
tunity will not recur of constructing a
a traffio bridge at so small a cost.
4. That the secretary of this meeting be instructed to forward copies of
the minutes of tho meeting to Mr.
Chisholm, M. P., tbe Hon. John Rob
i, M. P. P., Mr- Ladner M. P. P.,
and Mr. Orr, M. P. P. , and to the
British Columbian New Westminster,
and the World, Vancouver.
At a meeting held at the Mission,
on Jan, 29th, at which Mr. Jas.
Trethewey presided, substantially the
same resolutions as above were passed.
Police Conit.
Before T.O. Atkinson,P.M., and P. Mo
Tlernan, J. P.
Lytton Charley, charged with being
drunk and assaulting Boston Bar Jimmy and Spuzzum, pleaded not guilty.
The evidence went to show that Charley had committed the assault without
cause and that in general he was a bad
Indian. In defence Charley maintained that he was one of the best men in
the world and never did a mean action
or raised unnecessary trouble. In
fact, according to his own showing, ho
was just a little too good to be without wings. Charley claimed that
Spuzzum Joe had assaulted him with
an axe, and, to use his own words,
"Struck him on the side of the house"
which made his nose bleed. Such an
unwarranted proceeding as this raised
Charley's ire, and he brightened an
iron bar on the skulls of his friends,
and that was all.
His honor thought that Charley was
in need of deep and serious meditation, which would be impossible in the
busy world, so ho decided that Lyt-
ton's chief should take up his abode in
the provincial gaol for two months,
and for food and shelter while there
the sum of $40 was agreed on.
Spuzzum Joe and Boston Bar Jimmy pleaded guilty to being drunk, and
each was fined $10 or 20 days in gaol.
Both young men carried beautiful
blackeycB which they received while
enjoying Charley's hospitality.
R. H. Bryce, a Winnipeg commercial traveller, was summoned for refusing to pay his license. Adjourned
till to-morrow.
The Governor's Speech.
EnrroR Columbian:—In looking over
the Lieut.-Gvcrnor's opening address at
Victoria yesterday, I was particularly
struck with tho fact that the only positive wish that was indicated by the
speech was the necessity fora "juvenile
reformatory." This looks rather gloomy
for a young province of the Dominion,
whose second generation, since becoming
a crown colony, has scarcely arrived at
manhood, What is the matter? Can
this suggestion by the Governor be ap
plicable to the provihee generally, or is
it only applicable to the Capital City?
One would think that, before publishing
to the world, the necessity of such an
institution, the Governor would advise
preventive legislation. If the youth of a
youthful city, such as Victoria, or New
Westminster, or Vancouver, or Nanaimo,
are so fallen as to need such an institution as is indicated by the Governor's
speech, then, surely, there must be institutions in these which have dono their
deadly work, effectually. Wonld it not
have been better if the government had
put a check on those schools of vice
which have been graduating their pupils
so certainly, that it has becomo such a
serious question as would appear from
this state document. Whon tliis question comes up in the legislature, it is to
be hoped that there will appear amongst
the members, not only a desire, but a
determination, to stop tho manufacture,
by law, or by toleration, of unfortunate
criminal juveniles. Prevention is
better than cure.
It is to bo deplored that in the Governor's speech he has overlooked some of
the most needed measures for legislation.
This province has arrived at that stage
when the people ought to take a more
active part in the admistration of
their local affairs. There should be an
extension of municipal government.
Both cities aud rural communities should
be allowed to exorcise themselves more
with regard to schools and public improvements. Tho government of British
Columbia has been, and still is, more
like an absolute monarchy than a free
democratic government by the people. It
may suit tho purposo of the would-be
rulers to keop the people in short
clothes, and just as long as the people
send such creatures to represent them it
will be so. Censor.
 . » .	
Meteorological Observations    at   New
Westminster Tor January, 1889.
Mean temperature  35.9
Abovo Janunry mean     1.7
Highest max  47.0
Lowest min  24.0
Mean of max  39 9
Mean of min  32.1
Rainfall in inches  5.99
Below Janunry mean     1.58
Days rain fell      18
Greatest day's fall  1.33
Snow in inches    3.0
Days snow fell       2
Greatest day's fall    2.0
Highest barometer, 25th 30.50
Lowest "  29.41
Cloudy days      20
Partially cloudy       4
Clear       7
Windiest day in miles    149
Calmest,   "       "        24
Total miles of wind 2485
Fogs       5
River open: no ice; no snow,
A. Peele, Capt'n.
 . . .	
A Boon and a Blessing.—A boon and
a blessing to mankind is Hagyard's Yellow Oil, tho groat pain destroyer nnd
healing remedy for external and internal
use. yollow Oil euros all aches aud
pains, rheumatism, lnmo back, sore
throat, croup, deafness, cramps, contracted cords and lameness. Procure it
of your druggist.
Samuel Gidding, n Grand Trunk cur
repairer, who had hiB Angora crushed
by moving car trucks two weeks ngo
nt Niagara Falls, resisted amputation
and died of lockjaw.
Late Canadian News.
William Hepburn, of Guelph, Ont.,
prominent boot and shoe dealer, has
skipped to the States.
Gas has been struck at Ruthven
Ont, at a depth of 1,000 feet. The
volume is great. Other wells are to
be sunk.
It is rumored that Tooley, M. P.
for East Middlesex, Ont., will resign
before long to accept a Dominion government position.
Haldimand, Ontario, has been redeemed by the liberals. Colter hai'
been elected by 35 majority over Montague for the Dominion hcuBe.
Nothing has yet been heard of the
whereabouts of the unfortunate man
Fletcher, a printer, who escaped from
the Selkirk, Man., Asylum nearly a
week ago. It iB feared he will never
he found alive.
Mr. Gemmell, the counsel for Mrs.
Middleton, says that she has filed a
bill for divorce in California. The
petitioner is a resident there with
Hamilton, a bank clerk. The action
is Btill pending.
During the performance at the
Theatre Royal Wednesday night at
Montreal the orchestra played "Boulanger's March," which was encored
three times, the audience loudly cheering and shouting "Vive Boulanger!"
At a public meeting at Shelburne,
Ont., last night, it was reBolved that
the present political status of Canada
was lees conductive to its material
prosperity and moral advancement
than political union with the United
States would be.
At the Toronto assizes Henry Wilton was convicted of indecent assault
on a five year old girl, named Rhoda
Gadd, and Justice Rose sentenced him
to two years in the central prison and
fifty lasheB, to be delivered in two instalments, at his going in and coming
At the Winnipeg conservative meeting Wednesday night a letter was re-
received from Frank S. Nugent, a
life-long and prominent conservative,
resigning hiB connection with the association and asserting as a reason
therefor that he was disgusted with
the association for not having openly
condemned Mr. La Riviere's candidate
in the Provoncher election.
A Professional Opinion,—Rev. F.
Gunner, M. D., of Listowel, Ont., says
regarding B. B. B., "I have used your
excellent Burdock Compound in practice
and in my family since 1884, ansl hold it
No. 1 on my list of sanative remedies.
Your three busy B's never sting, weaken
or worry,"
of all kinds in children or
adults sweet as syrup and,
cannot harm the: most*
■ j -5-de:licate child -s- ".
(Late or England)
Corner of Church and Columbia Streets,
aarsatls'actlon guaranteed,    dw'ejte
Lot 437, in the Municipality of
clay loam; about 70acres cleared and
fenced with good fencing; good bearing .
orchard, smalt frame hoi.Be, large bam
and stable; good water, both well and
creek; facing on Fraser river with good
steamboat landing. Price. (4,000, liberal
terms.       Apply to
noOdlt-wtc Chilliwhack, B. O.
Conveyancer, Notary Pulilio,
McKenzie St., NewWestminster, B.0*.
Valuable Building and Manufacturing
Sites for Sale or Lease ln the oities of New
Westminster and Vancouver.
Farms for Sale.
Money to Loan on good Real EBtatesfi
curlty at reasonable rates.    mh2dmlwto
Thev arc mild.thoroooh and prompt
in action, and porm a valua.ii aid
to Burdock blood Bitter* in the
treatment and cure op chronic
OTThoy aro not only mado of the
Choicest Tobacco but thoy are of
Home Manufacture, and should bo
patronized by all good citizens.
WM. TIETJEN, Manufacturer,
nounioOK buidding,
dwlTnoly Weekly British Columbian
Wotaeaday H.ralag, Feb. «, Win.
One does not expect to find much
in tbe ordinary '-speech from the
throne," nor even so much in the
document so yclrped which the
lieutenant-governor reads in the
name and stead of Her Majesty, as
in the more pretentious affair
enounced by vice-royalty at Ottawa,
and one is not often disappointed.
The speech delivered by his honor
Lieutenant-Governor Nelson, at
Victoria, on Thursday last, does not
shook one's preconceived notions
about such documents. As a review
of the past year it is admirable, but
as a forecast of what is likely to be
done at the session now in progress,
—well it is probably intended as a
sort of diplomatic and masterly concealment. The review part of the
speech, however, brings before the
publio notice a happy state of things
which might otherwise hnve escaped
particular attention, as the "public"
is a notoriously ungratoful animal,
and apt rather to find fault than to
be thankful for mercies received. It
is eminently satisfactory, for instance, to be told that "the past
year has been one of general prosperity," and one's mind instinctively
reverts to the paternal government
that's at the bottom of it all—well,
perhaps not all, but a good deal.
Equally satisfactory in kind is the
statement that "the yield of our
coal mines exceeds any previous
year," and the hint of "great expansion in this important industry" in
tbe future is most encouraging. But
when we read that "the revenue for
the last fiscal year considerably exceeded the estimates." and plumped
right on top of that again, before we
have had time to catch our breath,
the oheerful assurance that "the
present year promises still further
increase," one has to hold himself
down hard to keep from rushing
forth and shaking both hands of
every one he meets. After adverting to the wholesome ellect whioh
the display of brawn and striped
trousers by "0" battery is likely to
produce for all time among the "remote and semi-barbarous tribes" of
the upper Skeena, his honor promises the assembly two pretty fat
oysters for their delectation later on,
to-wit, "papers" would be laid before
them concerning a mission of one of
the ministers to Ottawa, and also, it
was expected, the decision of the
"judicial committee of Her Majesty's privy council" on the "Minerals case." Before the oysters are
fairly disposed of in anticipation,
the "assembled wisdom" have to
swallow a solid wad on top of the
juicy bivalves, relative to the "consolidation of the statutes," the combined effect of which is fitted to
produce incurable nightmare. When
they have reached this semi-somnambulistic state, the unhappy legislators are to bo "invited to consider
whether the time has not arrived
for the establishment in the province of a juvenile reformatory"—
and then, to the consideration of the
"public accounts and the estimates,"
and the "faithful" and the "loyal"
are left to their "deliberations,"
where we will leave them for the
present, also.
At the risk of wearying our
readers, we must return to tho subject of the exhibition fund, and
respectfully present a few considerations that, in our opinion, ought to
weigh about a ton in inducing our
citizens to subscribe liberally and ut
once toward the fund mentioned.
We havo no doubt that a good many
intend to give liberal financial assistance towards making a brilliant
success of the forthcoming exhibition nt this city, but prefer that
their names should not be published,
lest the people should think they
were trying to make personal capital out of the fact. We think, however, that such should forego their
modesty for the sake of the good
effects that will result from the
publication of a large and constantly
increasing subscription list. As
the list grows and attains respectable proportions, many both in the
city and district will bo stimulated
to help swell the amount, that otherwise would "not think it worth
while." In this way a large aggregate
amount will be secured, and tho
success of the exhibition by so much
assured. Then, the list itself, for
which we will willingly donate space
in both the daily and weekly Odium
BIAS, even if it should get "as big
as a house," will constitute a very
effective standing advertisement,
not only of the enterprise of Westminster city and district, but of the
coming exhibition as well. This
will work two ways: People will bo
forced to the conclusion that Westminster has got both wealth and
enterprise, and that the exhibition
is going to be a grand affair, sure
enough, which will insure a widespread interest in, and a flockiug to
both tho city and the exhibition.
And tho assured fact that the exhibition will bo devised and carried
out on a liberal scale will stimulate
prospective exhibitors all over the
province to prepare in advance to
make an unexampled showing of products, manufactures, Ac. With these
considerations, weleavethatbranch of
the subject, but shall touch briefly
on other points in connection with
the exhibition. We are assured
that all our WestminBter readers,
at least, are agreed with us that the
exhibition must be made a grand
success—something in the show line
that will be altogether unprecedented in this province, and, at the same
time, that will be very hard to beat
in the near future. To do this, we
shall require assistance from various
sources. As our readers know, the
agricultural association has already
applied to the provincial government
for an appropriation towards erecting exhibition buildings on the public park. As the exhibition is a
provincial affair, and a really good
exhibition—which has never been
held yet in the province—cannot
fail of being a vast provincial as well
as local benefit, it is to be hoped
that the government may make a
liberal appropriation. The city
council, too, should be asked to
devote a liberal sum to putting the
grounds in condition, both for exhibition purposes, recreation
grounds, and us a public park. By
a report in The Columbian of
Wednesday, of the meeting in this
city of the directors of the B. 0.
Agricultural Association, it will
have been seen that the directors
have arranged to meet again on the
the 19th of February, to prepare a
prize list. This is a good early
start, quite different from past
methods. The only fear is that
the prize list will be prepared before enough money has been guaranteed to justify the directors in
devising it on a sufficiently liberal
scale. If our citizens wish to insure the unqualified success of the
approaching exhibition, there should
he no more "backwardness about
coming forward."
Now that the provincial government have, quite rightly, brought
forward the question of a "juvenile
reformatory" as a subject for consideration at the present session of
the local house, any outside experience bearing upon such institutions
may be of interest, Tho report of
the Elmira reformatory, says the
Scientific American, which has been
now eight years in- operation, will
be found worthy the attention of the
scholar, as well as that of the
.humanitarian. It shows, so far as
so limited an experience can be relied on, that tbe contamination of
a penitentiary tends to encourage
those to adopt careers of crime who
are not naturally vicious, and, per
contra, that education and the absence of vicious surroundings serves,
at least in the case of first offenders,
to wean them from the course they
have only just set out upon. The
report says that 60 per cent, of the
convicts released from other prisons
find their way back again, while,
thus far, 80 per cent, of those discharged from tho Elmira reformatory, during'the eight years of its
existence, are believed to be permanently reformed and engaged in
honest labors. It must be remembered, while considering this statement, that only first offenders are
admitted to the reformatory, while
into the ordinary state's prisons
come the old criminals, from which
little or nothing can be hoped. But
it has been set down as a rule :
"Once a criminal, always a criminal," that thoso who have served
one term in a penitentiary are likely
to return ; the prison authorities
infer this where they do not say
this in thoir reports, and tho statistics they give seem to confirm the
statement. At the reformatory tho
system of discipline is wholly different. The terms of confinement,
however long, may bo remitted by
the managers after one year's incarceration. A regular system of
instruction is maintained; the
prisoners devoting themselves to
studies which will the better enable
them to be self-supporting; the fact
that good behavior, attention, and
industry will free them quickly, und
that they have yet a chance to go
on again without the stigma that
always attaches to those serving a
term in the penitentiary, encouiages
those with the least spark of intelligence ; nor does intellectual development, as has beon alleged, increase the capacity for wrong doing.
At lenst the authorities of the reformatory say they have not found
this to be the case.
The Kamloops Sentinel is looking
out for its particular locality with
commendable patriotism, It wants
teachers' examinations held at Kamloops in the future, instead of at
Victoria, as a moro contral place.
Our cotemporary also argues very to-
grjntly for the establishment of a
registry office at the capital of the
interior, With respect to its argument that teachers' examinations
should be held at some more contral
point than Victoria, we agree with
the Sentinel that they should be
held somewhere on the mainland,
but we can hardly agree with it that
Kamloops is by any means the
centre of population for the province yet—it is hardly likely that it
will be for years to come, even
should it thrive in tbe meantime
as wo hope to see it. We may not
get credit for disinterestedness when
we suggest that Westminster is the
most central point in the province,
as regards population and general
interests, and that it is likely to
maintain this relation for some time
to come. When the change is made
with respect to the place for holding teachers' examinations, Westminster, we believe, must be selected. With regard to the registry
office required at Kamloops, we cannot do better than quote the Sentinels own words on the subject, as
they are conclusive enough to satisfy
anyone of the justice of its argument : "Under tho present arrangement residents from every
corner of the mainland—excepting
Westminster district — are compelled to journey all the way to
Victoria to transact business at the
registry offico there, and those who
have travelled any in this province
are aware of the heavy expense incurred in such a trip, The loss of
time in going to Viotoria and return is also a serious item for con
sideration, more especially from
Kamloops and points east of this
place. The time required to make
the round trip is from four to six,
and, in some coses, ten days, which
at some seasons of the year means
to many an irretrievable loss. With
an office established at Kamloops,
persons on the mainland, outside of
Westminster district, could reach
here, transact their business, and
return home in muoh shorter time,
and at less expense, To any sensible minded person the present regulations must seem absurd, and the
sooner the leglislaturc takes hold of
the matter and makes the necessary
change the better will it be for the
interest of all ooncerned." We
heartily support our cotemporary's
contention for a registry office at
Kamloops, and trust that the legislature may do what is right in the
Sir Lyan Flayfair, in a letter to
Junius Henri Browne, author of a
paper in the New York Forum,
for October under the heading,
"The Dread of Death," says : "Having represented a large medical constituency (the University of Edinburgh) for seventeen years as a
member of parliament, I naturally
came in contact with tho most eminent medical men in England. I
have put the question to most of
them, 'Did you, in your extensive
practice, ever know a patient who
was afraid to die V With two exceptions, they answered, 'No,' One
of these exceptions was Sir Benjamin Brodie, who said hu had seen
one case. The other was Sir Robert
Ohristison, who had seen one case—
that of a young woman of bad
character who had a sudden accident. I have known threo friends
who wero partially devoured by
wild beasts under apparently hopeless circumstances of escape. The
first was Livingstone, the great
African traveler, who was knocked
on his back by a lion, which began
to munch his arm, He assured me
that he felt no fear or pain, and
that his only feeling was one of intense curiosity as to which part of
his body tho lion would take next.
The next was llustem Pasha, now
Turkish ambassador in London. A
bear attacked him and tore off part
of his hand und part of his arm and
shoulder. He also assured me that
he had neither a sense of pain nor
fear, but that he felt excessively
angry becauso the bear grunted
with so much, satisfaction in munching him. The third case is that of
Sir Edward Bradford, an Indian
officer now occupying a high position in the India oflice. He was
seized in a solitary place by a tiger,
wliich held him firmly behind his
shoulders with one paw and then
deliberately devoured the whole of
his arm, beginning at the hand and
ending at the shoulder. He was
positive that he had no sensation of
fear, and thinks that he felt a little
pain when the fangs went through
his hand, but is certain that he felt
none during the munching of his
The Oalgary Herald says that
some of the ranches of Alberta are
devoting their attention to the raising of horses for the imperial army,
and thinks it is a pity that more
are not doing so. It is difficult,
says the Herald, to form an estimate
of the vast market offered the raisers
of horses in the Northwest in supplying the army with remounts. In
support of this the following editorial paragraph is quoted from the
London Canadian Gazelle : "Canadians who look forward to the time
when the Britisli war office will
turn to Canada for a regular supply
of army remounts may find satisfaction in tho reports just made to
the imperial authorities for the past
year. From these it appears that
though considerable efforts have
been made to increase the reserve
of horsos for army purposes, the
stock of animals actually trained as
cavalry troopers has not been augmented during the past year. At
the beginning of the past year it
was reported that during 1887 a
thousand horses had been added to
the cavalry requirements, and that
addition had been maintained ; but
the present stock of trained animals
is still not sufficient to mount two-
thirds of the men." To command
this market, says the Herald.AlhMu.
horse breeders must devote their attention to horses of a heavier class
than those generally produced there.
With horses of the heavier class, it
says, the ranchers of Alberta need
never go a-begging for buyers so
long as there is a British army, and
that will be for a long while yet.
There are portions of British Oolumbia, notably the upper country,
and the Kootenay and Okanagan
districts, where, we should imagine,
the raising of cavalry horses might
be profitably engaged in.
There is one question at least that
promises to arouse interest and
divide the provincial house, as well
as public opinion on the outside,
during the present session of the
legislature. That is the question
slyly mooted by Mr. Theo. Davie on
Thursday, after the opening of the
house, as to whether it was the intention of the government to take
steps towards the ereotion of new
legislative buildings. The government had expressed no absolute intentions in the speech, so it was
quite natural that Mr. Davie
should be anxious for information
on a subject that lay near his heart.
Mr. Davie merely gave notice at
the time that he would ask the government the question as to their intentions in the matter. The question was expected to come up today. There is more in the query
than might at first sight appear.
It must, and is probably intended
to, force to a practically final decision the larger question as to
whether the capital is to remain
permanently on the island or be removed at an early date to the mainland. Apparently innocent in itseff
this interrogatory of Mr. Davie's
is an insiduous forcing of the battle
on a question wliich, in the interests
of the province, might better have
been allowed to lie awhile. The
present period is formative, the
province is undergoing a transition,
there aro uncertainties to be assured,
crudities to be harmonized, appraisements to bo made—a most inopportune timo to settle a question of
such importance as to where the
capital of the province should be
finally located, and new and permanent legislative buildings erected.
The move, though, is not without a
certain shrewdness, wo might say
astuteness, on the part of Victoria.
Foreseeing that the question is one
that must come up in the future,
the island members recognize that,
by precipitating the battle now,
they have a bettor chance of capturing the position for permanent occupation than they will have later
on. Assuming thut it is in the
interest of the province to have
some time for ripe consideration as
to the eventual location of the capital, we trust Mr. Davie's springing
of the question in the local house
may fail of its mark. The question should be laid on' tbe table for
the time being. There is no urgent
necessity for new legislative buildings. When they are built, it
should, of course, be with a view to
pcrmnnency. It is a littlo too
much to say, nt the present timo,
that Victoria shall be the permanent
capital of British Columbia.
Recent events have thrown the
little, intrinsically unimportant
islands of Samoa into considerable
prominence, antl, although the
South Soa war cloud appears to havo
shared the fate of yo old time "bubble" of the same name and style, a
little information as to the grounds
on which the Germans claim pre-
dominent interests in Samoa will
not bo uninteresting. According to
a report from U. S, Consul Sewell,
dated August 15, 1888, the Ger-
mau plantations are six in number,
all on the north side of the island
of Ulpolu, and aggregating 9,260
acres. They are highly cultivated,
mainly planted with cocbanuts for
the production of copra, but capable
of raising anything that will grow in
the tropics. They are also well
stocked with horses and cattle,
Next to copra, coffeo is the moBt
important product, and its cultivation is increasing. These plantations are worked by imported labor,
which is preferred to that of natives,
Vessels bring laborers from tho
neighboring South Pacific Islands,
and the traffic, of which many dark
stories have been told, has not yet
been relieved of all its horrors, notwithstanding the efforts of tho English and German governments.   As
a rule, however, the German labor
cruisers conduct their trade as humanely as is practicable in such
man-dealings. The laborers are
under three-year contracts, at the
expiration of which it is stipulated
that they shall be returned to their
homes. This, however, is not always
done, and many of the unfortunates
are landed among hostile tribes who
enslave or kill them. They receive
$3 a week, paid in trade, and it
may readily be imagined that there
is a great deal of profit in the
"trade. At the plantations it is
claimed they are well oared for, with
regular hours of work, Sunday holidays, medical attendance, etc.
There are about seven hundred and
fifty of them upon the various plantations. The balance of power,
exercised jointly by Germany, England and the United States, whioh
the former tried so hard to disturb
and upset if possible, is likely to be
restored amicably as a result of the
negotiations, through plenipotentiaries of the three powers interested, which it is expected will now
be appointed to settle disturbances.
Each has interests in the islands
whioh the others must continue to
respeot, and any one of the three
powers that tries to gobble the
whole business will find it has got a
mighty hard row to hoe, Germany
has failed ignominiously in its
blustering effort. The ever critical state of affairs in Europe will
not permit even the warlike Germans getting into any serious disturbance so far away from home as
at Samoa, Otherwise, the course
of events might have had a somewhat different termination.
Mr. W. R. Lazier, Bailiff, &c, Belleville, writes: "I find Or. Thomas' Eclectric Oil the best medicine I have ever used
in my stable. I have used it for bruises,
scratches, wind puffs and outs, and in
every ease it gave the best satisfaction.
We use it as a household remedy for
colds, burns, to,, and it is a perfect panacea. It will remove warts by paring them
down and applying occasionally."
IIH   •   I'lUlji i tt> OUU DE-
 & Priced
Catalogue for Spring trade
is now ready, and will be
mailed free to all applicants, and to customers of
last year withtrat solicitation.
Market Gardener.
will find it to their ad van
tage to sow our Seeds.
See% i m i A
Lulu Island. Applyto
Lulu Island,
ply to
, H. STEveh,
Lulu Island, RO.
BULL, "Gugartha Prince 6th"; calved
May 8th, 1887. Prioe, 1200; in good condition and nt lor service.  Applyto
wlelmz Lulu Island.
Merchant Tailor,
Hr. Ellon will be at the Colonial Hotel
the lirst Wednesday ln eaeh montb (or
the purpose of taking ordere.     dw'aMtc
™ 6,000,000 gS'iW^J&»8
Ferry's Seeds
■*■- ~     D. M, FIRRY * CO m
ksoknowUdj^T to b» Ibi
'.argest Seedsmen
. Inth*world.
FOr 1880
t» matin.
.  .-.applicant.,.
D.M. FERRY » CO., Windsor, Ont.
Assessment Aet and Provincial Revenue Tax.
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, in accordance with the Statutes, that Provincial Revenue Tax and all Taxes levied
under the Assessment Aet are now dne
for the year 1889. Alt of the above named
Taxes collectible within tbe Dlstrlot ot
New Westminster are payable at my
oflico.        •
Assessed Taxes are collectible at the
following rates, vl*.:
If paid on or before June 80th, 1989-
Provlnclal Revenue, (8.00 per capita.
One-half of one per cent, on Real Property.
Seven aod one-half cents per acre on Wild
One-third of ono per eent. on Personal
One-half of one per cent, on Income,
If paid after June 80th, 1889—
Two-thirds of one per cent, on Real Fro*
Ight and
Eight and one-half cents per acre on Wild
I*nu' „ , ~_
One-half of one per eent, on Personal Property.
Three-fourths of one per cent, on Income.
Assessor It Collector.
New Westminster. B. 0.,
January, m dwJaMMJneo
Commencing Oct. 10th, 1888.
As we have decided to retire from the retail Dry Goods business this season, we
now placo our entire stock on tho market at
srvsiR-srTHiiira- mttst bsi bold.
$6,000 worth of Clothing, Hats and Men's Furnishings.
$20,000 worth of Dry Goods, Carpets, Oil Cloths and
House Furnishing Goods, etc.
<£3TAs we aro known to carry one of the largest and best assorted stocks in the
Province, it will not be necessary to enumerate. An early inspection will convince
the public that we mean business, and that tlio stock must be closed out before tho
end of this season; therefore we have placed our goods at prices lower than have
ever been offered before in this Provinco,
REMEMBER—The Stook must be closed out by the end of the year,
Terms- Under $100, cash; over §100, secured notes at three months with interest
signment of
Crosse & Blackwell's Table Delicacies, Mince
Meat, Plum Puddings, Christmas Fruits,
Soups, Potted and Devilled Meats, Sardines,
Anchovy and Bloater Pastes, Calves' Foot
Jellies, Almonds, Figs, Marmalade, Cheese.
Pickles, Sauces, Malt, Crystal and White
Wine Vinegar, etc., etc.
CORNER COLUMBIA 10 MARY STREETS. Weekly Britisli Columbian,
Wednesday Horning, Feb. S. 1889.
Latest liTelepjl
Press Despatches.
Ottawa, Feb. 1.—Tha houso of
commons adopted an addross in reply
to the speeoh from the throno to-day.
Members of both Bides of the house
listened for two hours and a half to
badinage and an exchange of graceful
compliments. Mr. R. White, M. P.,
for Cardwell, made an excellent speeoh
in moving the adoption of the address.
He justified the action oftho Dominion
government in reverting to the treaty
of 1818, and said it had no other alternative in view of the rejection by
the United States senate of the fisheries treaty negotiated at Washington
last year. Mr. White, continuing
showed Ihe vast possibilities of Canadian trade when the Dominion government oarried out its trans-Atlautio
and trans Pacifio steamship projects.
Hon. W. Laurier congratulated Mr.
While upon his able speech and went
on to shoH that the policy of the Dominion government was one of procrastination, Sir John Macdonald
■ought to develop trade with the Antipodes while he failed to knock at tho
door of our nearest neighbor. If protective duties were abandoned, Canada
would enjoy unprecedented prosperity.
He thought the government had presented a scanty bill of fare sn far as
legislation was concerned, He condemned what he called the arbitrary
and hostile conduct of Oanadian officials in refusing to grant ordinary
privileges to American fishing vessels
compelled to seek shelter in Canadian
ports, Sir John Mncdonald warmly
replied, overhauling the Liberal leader
in a manner which brought down the
house. He never appeared in better
health, form and spirits. He said the
confidence that the people Bhowed for
his party was the best evidence of the
soundness of hia government and principles. HiB speech throughout waa
humorouB. He declined to accept the
advice of the liberal leader, because if
he did so be would soon find himself
on the opposition benches. The address in reply to the speech was thon
adopted. The consideration of the
speech in the senate was postponed
until Monday.
DubHN, Fob. 1.—William O'Brien
ia reported as somewhat stronger tonight. Tho governor of Clonmel prison informed him to-day that he would
compel him to don the prison uniform
at all hazards, and also that if he refused to take his food properly it
would be administered to him by artificial means.
Vienna, Feb. 1.—-A service will bo
held on Sunday evening in the crown
prince's bedroom. The body will be
placed in the Oapauchins' church and
his heart be placed in a silver urn and
deposited in St. Augustine's church.
Hia intestines will be placed in a silver
vase and deposited in St. Stephen's
cathedral. King Milan, the Czarevitch, the orown princes of Denmark,
Greece, Sweden and Germany are expected tn attend the funeral. The
crown princess has placed a wreath of
white roses, white pintos and lilies of
the valley on the coffin. The body
was embalmed last hight.
Liverpool, Jan. 2.—Wheat steady.
Cala. Ii. Bd.
San Fbanoisco, Feb. 2,—Wheat
firm; buyer season, Ul}; buyer'89,
New Yoek, Feb. 2.—Wheat steady;
Feb., 93; March, 94|; April, 95';
May, 97.
Chicaoo, Feb. 2.—Wheat steady;
Feb, 94; May, 97'; July, 85|.
Londok, Feb. 2.—The British steamer
Symington has been wrecked oil Ilfra-
oonia. Ten of the crew were drowned
and the remainder were rescued by life
London, Feb. 2.—The Pall MaU Gazette severely condemns the starting, for
the first time In London, under American auspices, of a daily newspaper to be
Issued on Sunday. It objects to it in
the first instance on the ground of the
ill effect it must have on the health of
the staff. While not a Sabbatarian, the
writer, who, no doubt, is Chief Editor
Stead, declares the introduction of the
practice to be a social crime of the first
magnitude, and he appeals to all journals and journalists to set their faces
against it at the very outset,
Paris, Feb. 2.- A story is current
to-day regarding lhe death of the
Orown Prince Rudolph and is us follows: "At a ball given on Sunday
night Rudolph paid marked attention
to a prominent nobleman's wife, arranging with her a rendezvous which
he afterward kopt, in spite of warnings
from several of his intimates. The injured husband caught him skulking in
the vicinity of the staircase leading
from his wife's private apartments and
tore his coat-collar from about hiB face
and recognized him. The prince escaped and drove away. Two men
were seen the day of his death, skulking about the grounds, by the prince's
servant, who had just reported the
fact when a pistol shot was heard and
the prince was found wounded in the
head, dying instantly. The strangers
were seen to mount horses and escape,
but were recognized as the nobleman
and the brother of the latter's wife.
Dublin, Feb. 2.—The treatment of
O'Brien in Clonmel prison oauses great
indignation throughout Ireland. Meetings protesting against it are called for
to-morrow in the principal towns. An
indignation meeting is to be held in
Phoenix Park. If the police interfere
there will be troublo. There aro fears
of rioting in many other places to-morrow.
Glasgow, Feb. 2.—Tho striking seamen here now number 3000. Shipping
is almost at a standstill.
Vienna, Feb. 2.—The crown princess has had frequent fainting fits and
fears are entertained for her life.
Two moro newspapers were confiscated last night, one for saying that
tho Archduko Francis was about to be
crowned king of Hungary, and the
other fur hinting that the emperor was
seriously ill.
Vienna, Feb. 2.—The official gazette
confirms the statement that the funeral
of the crown prince will be simple.
The only members of any foreign royal
family who will be present are the king
and queen of Belgium. The Emperor
Francis Joseph appears to have aged
twenty years since the tragic event.
Buffalo, Feb. 2.—The fire whioh
raged here this morning from half-past
two until about five, was the most disastrous that ever visited the city. The
flames were first discovered in Root &
Keating's 6-story building opposite the
New fork Central depot. The wind
was blowing a perfect gale and the fire
spread in all directions through four
streets adjacent to the building where
it first appeared. The Broezel and
Arlington Hotels, the Jewel Block,
Sibiey and Holmwood Block and several others were entirely destroyed or
badly damaged. The ■ total loss will
reach $2,000,000. A sewing woman,
namod Pollard, wns burned lo death
in the Broezel House.
There have been many accidents from
falling walls. Sixteen firemen and a
man who was a spectator, are now
In the hospital, and one fireman is still
buried in the ruins. Heroic efforts are
being mado to extricate him.
10 A. m.—The flames are raging aud
the excitement is beyond description. It
is rumored that the walls of a building
have fallen and ten men ate buried in
the ruins.
Shortly after 10 o'clock one of the
walls in the rear of tho Arlington house
fell, burying four men. The first man
reached in the debris was John Gest, a
fireman, he was badly bruised and was
taken to the hospital. Willing hands arc
now tearing away the debris. Tho origin of the nre iB a mystery, but it is believed to have been caused by spontaneous combustion among the oiled rags
used for polishing leather. About one
thousand people arc thrown out of employment.
The area included in the burned distriot. is roughly estimated at seven or
eight acres, The number of buildings
destroyed or gutted is forty.
Pittsburo, Pa., Feb. 2.—This afternoon the tow boat Return, lying nt
a wharf iu the Alleghany River, exploded her boilers shattering the bout
into fragments. The tow boat, Two
Brothers, lashed alongside, was also
blown to pieces. Both boats sank at
onco. Several peoplo are known to be
killed.   One body has been recovered.
Washington, Feb. 2.—The secretary of state to-dayreceived a cable from
United States commissioner to the Melbourne exposition saying the federal
council of of Australia hns adopted an
address to the crown viewing with
deep anxiety the recent events in Samoa and favoring treaties guaranteeing the independence nf Samoa; and
also expressing the opinion that foreign dominion in Samba: endangers
the safety of Australia.       C
New York, Feb. 2.—The fifth day of
the tie-up in this city begins with strong
indications that the backbone of the
movement is broken. At 10 o'clock all
the cars of the Third, Fourth and Sixth
Avenue lines were running, and a number of cars on Bleecker street, and the
Broadway lines were considerably larger
than yesterday. The force of police on
the cars has been lessened. No Tenth
Avenue cars will be run to-day, and some
disorder is expected on the line. Eighth
Avenue will run a few cars, probably.
In Brooklyn Deacon Richardson's cars
are still guarded by police, but more frequent trips are made, and passengers are
again tilling tho cars. This morning
only three policemen were on guard on
each car, and tho mountod police escort
was dispensed with. It is intended to
run eighty cars today until four o'clock,
It is believed the strikers will soon make
another effort to stop traffic,
St. Louis, Feb. 2.—A. J. King, a conductor on the Cairo Short line, was mn
over by his own train and killed at
Belleville yesterday. An old deaf- toll-
gate keeper, named Abrahams, while
looking at the remains was run down by
a freight train and his body ground to
pieces. John Frey, a blacksmith, who
was a bystander, was so overcome by
these events, that ho deliberately threw
himself in front of a third train, meeting
instant death,
Chicago, Fob. 2.—A tragedy was enacted in the elegant residenee of P. F.
Munger, in the aristocratic suburb of
Hyde Park this morning. Geo. W.
Clark, the colored butler, and Tillie
Hylander, a Swedish domestic, had a
lovers' quarrel and Clark fired three
shots at the girl, missing her. He then
drew a razor, and after a fearful struggle
nearly severed her head from her body.
He then cut his own throat. Both are
dead. The kitchen walls and floor are
as bloody as a slaughter house.
Ottawa, Feb. 2.—Iu the house of
commons last night White ssid that
President Cleveland had beeu inconsistent in thu fisheries and retaliation
message, and declared that Canada had
nothing to fear from retaliation or deprivation of traflic in bond.
Montreal, Feb. 4.—The first dny
of the carnival festival was ushered in
by the coldest weather experienced
here in three years. At two o'clock
this morning the mercury touched 30*
below zero and at 9.30 it was 22° below.
Ainerioan visitors, many of whom came
completely unprepared for such a temperature suffered terribly. Noses,
ears and hands in many cases were
badly frost bitten. The morning
trains from the south brought a large
number of visitors and if the weather
moderates a little a very enjoyable time
ia anticipated, Owing to the extreme
eold there were few visitors at the
opening of the toboggan slides this
Gov.-Gen. and Lady Stanley nnd
suite arrived at noon and were conducted to the Windsor, passing under
the aroh manned by snowshoers from
twenty leading clubs.
New York, Feb, 4.—The horse cars
ore running on all the main roads in
the city, but the body of the striking
carmen still persist in remaining out,
though many of them have returned to
work, Oars wore run to-day on the
Belt line and 2nd and 8th avenues,
besides all oiher lines on which cars
were run last week. No serious troublo was experienced.   Strong polioe
escorts accompanied the cars and once
or twice clubs were drawn to disperse
the menaoing crowds. But hisses and
a few stones on the track was all that
met the most molested car. There is
no sign of a formal settlement yet, ln
Brooklyn the situation is unchanged
except that cars were sent to-day on
Atlantic avenue and Borum Place.
London, Feb. 4.—News is just received of the collision of the steamer Neriod
with the ship Killochan, Both vessels
sank and twenty-four persons were
drowned. The collision ocourred this
morning in the English channel off Dul-
geness light.
Waterbury, Vt, Feb. 4.—This morning the thermometer is 40° below zero,
and it is the same at Stowe.
New York, Feb. 4.—Mary H. Fiske,
tho brilliant and versatile writer, and
wife of Stephen Fiske, the well known
literateur, died this morning. She was
connected with tho New York Mirror
and wrote under the nom-do-plume of
"Giddy Gusher." She also wroto for
the St. Louis Ilepublican, Chicago Herald, Tribune and News, and the Post and
Herald of Washington. Mrs. Fiske was
ill for Borne time at her home, 73 west
Oth street
London, Feb. 4.—News has been received from the Phillipine islands that
the Spanish steamer Remus has sunk
with all her passengers.
Berlin, Feb. 4.—A heavy fall of snow
occurred on Saturday accompanied by
thunder. In the mountain' district.,
heavy rains have fallen and further floods
are feared, A severe storm prevailed in
tho North Sea and three pilots were
Paris, Feb. 4.—A semi-official note
states that the commander of a British
man-of-war recently boarded a French
vessel thirty miles north of the island of
Zanzibar, and outside the blockaded
territory, and took the vessel to Zanzibar, Owing to representations made by
France to the English government, the
officer was punished and excluded from
taking further part in the blockade.
New York, Feb. 4.—The Herald says
a congress of workingmen of every shade
of opinion will be held in Paris during
the exposition to form a world union for
the advancement of the cause of labor.
The Hague, Feb. 4.—There has
been a furthor improvement in the
condition of the king.
Washington, Feb. 4.—The navy
department officials indignantly deny
that Italy nr any other foreign government has any chance to secure the new
dynamite cruiser Vesuvius. They say
that so far as finished it has proved acceptable to the government and all
that now remains is for the guns to
Stand the test, and they are confident
they will.
Glasgow, Feb. 4.—It is feared the
British ship, Bay of Cadiz, which left
Sydney, N.S. W., on Oot. 20th, is lost.
She was bound for San Francisco and
has not been heard from. A large
premium has been offered to re-insure
the vessel.
Brooklyn, Feb. 4.—The street car
strike has assumed a more serious aspect and the police anticipate a dangerous outbreak before night. The
strikers have congregated in large
force on Fifth avenue and the tracks
are barricaded.
Washington, Feb. 4.—The navy
department is informed that the Mohican, fitting out at Mare Island, will
be ready for sea to-morrow. She will
proceed to Panama where it is expected she will receive orders to join
the fleet at Samoa,
Berlin, Feb. 4.--A bill has been
introduced in the reichstag for the
loan of sixty million marks on account
of the army, navy and state railways.
New York, Feb. 4.—For the first
time since the beginning of the stroet
car atrike in this city the Second
Avenue line started to-day. Each car
was guarded by eight policemen. In
a short time 12 cars had boen sent out
on schedule time and up to 9 o'clock
everything was reportod quiet. No
disturbances have ocourred yet in
Brooklyn, Feb. 4. — "Deacon"
Richardson's street-car lines will be in
operation until four o'clock. There
are three policemen on each car and
police are plentifully distributed along
the line. Tho cars are ruuning about
ob usual to-day on Broadway and 3rd,
4th and 6th avenues. 8th avenue has
sent its first car over the entire route
without molestation. The strikers on
this line are reported badly discouraged
and many old employees are seeking
Philadelphia, Feb. 4.—Otto Kay-
ser, 25 years of age, shot and killed
Anna Klaus, aged 19, on Saturday
night, and cut his wife's throat with a
razor and ended his own life with the
same weapon yesterday. Miss Klaus,
with whom Kaysor had been keeping
company, evidently discovered that he
was a married man and it is believed
she had threatened bim with exposure.
Brooklyn, Feb. 4.—Tho interost in
the tie up of tho Atlantic avenue cars,
outsido of those directly interested in
the trouble, is beginningto wane. Cars
of the fifth avenuo line are running today with two policemen to eaoh cur,
and are fairly patronized. President
Richardson told the committee to day
he would take the strikers back if they
come and applied individually. He
would not recognized their organization, nor would he diacharge new men
he had put in their places. After he
had all the cars running he desired,
then he would make arrangements
with the men.
Washington, Feb. 4.—It is author'-
tively announced that President Cleveland will resume the practico of law
In New York city after March 4th.
London, Feb. 4.—A Berlin dispatch
says: In spite of unmistakable fnotion with America, nobody here fears
there is any danger of the Samoan affair leading to war between the two
nations. Germany will, in fact, make
friendly proposals, which doubtless the
government at Washington will finally
Paris, Feb. 4.—La Guerre and La
Croix, members of the ohamber of
deputies, fought a duel with pistols
yesterday the result of La Croix interrupting La Guerre while speaking.
Vienna, Feb. 4.—The faot haB be-
oome known that the young baroness,
with whose name the late crown prince
was associated, has suioided by taking
San Francisco, Feb. 6.—-Wheat
firm; buyer, season, 145*; buyer, '89,
149}; buyer, '89,140.
New York, Feb. 6.—Wheat firm;
Feb., 04"; March, 90; April, 97|;
May, 99§.
Chicago, Feb. 6.—Wheat firm;
Feb., 974; March, 98'; May, 101";
July, 89}.
Liverpool, Feb. 5.—Wheat firm;
Cala., 7s. 6d.
Vienna, Feb. 5.—The emporer has
summoned a council of the Austrian
and Hungarian ministers to consider
whether it is advisable to publish further details of the crown princes' death
with a view to stopping tho scandalous
reports aB to the case. The coffin of
crown prince is buried in flowers.
Among them nre wreaths from Queen
Victoria and the Crown Princess Ste-
Vienna, Feb, 5.—The letter which
Rudolph addressed to Herr Von
Szveggenyi is published. It directs
the attache to execute Rudolph's will,
drawn up two years ago, and says he
will find his papers in a drawer in his
study "and I entrust you with the ar-
rangements of them." The letter continues: '■Use your own judgment as
to what of them you will publish; I
can livo no longer. Remember me to
all good Inends; farawell, God bless
my beloved fatherland."
Bismarck, Dak., Feb. 4.—John
Olsen, his wife and three cnildren were
drowned yesterday ' while attempting
to cress the Missouri River In a wagon.
New York, Feb. 5.—Up to ten
o'clock everything was as quiet as if
there were not a strike on city Btreet
car lines. On Second avenue, where
earlier there waB so much trouble, the
cars are running regular without being
molested. It may be said therefore
that the strike is virtually ended aud
that the only remaining evidence of it
this morning is the gathering of a
number of strikers and malcontents
about the different stables.
Washington, Feb. 5.—Secretary
Bayard has transmitted to the president the following telegram from Count
Kalnoky, Australian minister of foreign
affairs: "You will please tender to
the president of the U.S. in name of
his majesty and of the government and
people of Austro-Hungary, tho warmest thanks for the telegram of condolence, presented through Minister
Lawton, whioh was received here with
the highest appreciation.
Ottawa, Feb. 5.—A bill has been
introduced in the house of commons to
admit United States vessels, engaged
in wrecking to tho towing and coasting
privileges of Canadian waters. The
measure contains provisions that the
legislation shall not become operative
until the United States passed a similar act, granting equal privileges to
Canadian vessels in American waters.
Documents were laid before parliament to show the deoline of 31 per
cent, in the transit through United
States territory, of goods exported to
or imported from foreign countries into Oanada during tbe past year. This
is attributed to the threat made last
winter at Washington to determine
the bonding privilege which led Canadian merchants to order their importations sent via Halifax and Montreal
instead of New York snd Boston, as
Dublin, Feb. 6.—O'Brien's clothing, forcibly stripped by authorities at
Olonmel jail, were returned to him today. After he put his clothes on he
was removed to the jail infirmary.
Aden, Feb. 5.—Thos. Stevens, the
bicyclist, has arrived here with his expedition on his way to find Stanley.
London, Feb. 5.—At Derby last
night the barracks of the salvation
army were blown down while a meeting was in progress. The debris took
fire from the stoves. A boy was killed
and his body burned, and many were
injured seriously, some perhaps fatally, by falling timbers.
Vienna, Feb. 5.—The coffin of tho
prinoe was opened for the last time
this morning and the emperor and
empress took a last look at their son.
The funeral procession started at 4
o'olock, The emperor and Princesses
Stephanie, Gisela and Valerie, unattended, remained in prayer at the
chapel of the Hofburg. The other
members of the Imperial family joined
in the procession. The church of tho
Capuchins was crowded with a distinguished company. There was nn
great display, but the streets through
whioh tho cortege passed was crowded
and the emotion of the spectators wus
Speoial to the Columbian.
Victoria, Feb. 2.—A moeting of
parties interested in the seal fisheries
is called for this afternoon and matters
of importance will be discussed. It is
generally believed tho United States
authorities will make seizures in tbe
Behring sea this season.
A serious explosion of gas occurred
this morning in the office of E. C.
Baker, of this city. A clerk named
Arthur Haynes was badly burned on
the face and hands. A large number
of valuable documents were destroyed.
The explosion was so violent that two
windows were blown cut of the oflice
and carried across the streot with great
force. A boy standing near the window with difficulty suoceeded in preventing himself from being blown out
on the street. The explosion was
caused by Haynes lighting a match
tnd looking into the vault where tbe
gas jet had been left turuod on all
Victoria, Feb. 4.—Dunsmuir &
Sons' new Clyde built steel steamer
"San Mateo," for Departure Bay, passed up at 4 a.m. She will be used in
the coal-carrying trade and is capable
of carrying 4,600 tons of coal,
Prof. Bohrer, musia teacher, died
suddenly this morning while giving a
music lesson to a young lady pupil.
Mill, Mining & Agricultural
Tlie Wm. Hamilton MT'g Co., McGregor, Gourlay & Co,, Gol-
<llc & llc< iillocli. John Abell, D. Maxwell, The "Little Maxwell."JKnford Amgrlcnn Plow «*«,. MnUne Walton Co.. Joha
DOty Engine Co., M. Realty lllld Soils (Contractors Plant).
dwno2t(! '•'WBSyVCXlTeiPB'R, S. G:
Shingles, Shakes, Laths, Pickets,
-A-itd -4.X.I. icinsrDS oz-
WOOd Furnishing for Canneries.
Doors.   Frames*   Windows,
Mouldings. Balusters.
Blinds, Brackets,
Railings, Newels.
S294 AGRE8
the celebrated
Consisting of 5294 acres excellent farming
land, situated on the Fraser River, near
Langley, about 25 miles from Westminster,
in blocks to suit purchasers of 20 acres
and upwards, at prices varying according
to quality and location, on very easy terms
of payment.
Steamer landing and good wagon roads
adjacent to the premises and railroad station immediately across the river.
Ucg^A competent man is now on the ground
to show intending purchasers the property.
Round trip tiokets from Westminster and
Vancouver furnished intending purchasers
free of charge.
WEEKLY BRITISH COLUMBIAN. Weekly British Columbian
Wednesday Morning, Feb. 0, 188».
Our Legislative Assembly.
MemlierH or tbe Legislature and Exocii*
live of tbe Province of British
For the conveinence of our readers
who may tind it difficult to recall the
names of our provincial legislators,
the offices which some of them hold,
and the constituencies whicli they
represent, we publish the following
- complete list to dato :
Lieot.-Goveknor—Hos. Houn Nelson
Hon. A. E. B. Davie, Q.C., Premior and
Hon. Rout. Doxsmuik, President of the
Hon. John Robson, Provincial Secretary
and Minister of Mines,
Hon. Forbes Geo. Vernon, Minister of
Finance and Agriculture.
Speaker—Hon. C. E. Pooley,
Clerk- Thornton Fell,
Cariboo—Geo. Cowan, Barkerville; Jos,
IT™....., DwvU.v.£lU.
Cassiar—John Grant, Victoria.
Comox—Hon. T. B. Humphries, Victoria.
Cowichan—Henry Croft, Chemainus;
Henry Fry, Quamichan.
Esquimalt—D. W. Higgins, Victoria;
Hon. C. E. Pooley, Esquimalt Dist.
Kootenay—Liout.-Col. James Baker,
Lillooet—Edward Allen, Clinton; Hon.
A. E. B, Davie, Q. C, Victoria.
Nanaimo—Hon. Robt. Dunsmuir, Victoria; Geo. Thomson, Nanaimo.
New Westminster City—W. Norman
Bole, Q. C, New Westminster.
New Westminster Distjct—Hon. Jno.
Robson, Victoria; VV. H. Ladner, Ladner's Landing; James Orr, New Westminster.
Victoria City—Hon. Robt. Beaven,
Victoria; Theo. Davie, Q. C, Victoria;
Simeon Duck, Victoria; Hon. J. H.
Turner, Victoria.
Victoria District—G. W. Anderson,
Lake District; Jamos Tolmie, Victoria
Yale District—C. A. Semlin, Cache
Creek; Hon. F. G. Vernon, Okanagan;
G. B. Martin, South Thompson River.
Paste the above list in your hat.
It will be convenient for reference
wheu the torrent of parliamentary
eloquence has fairly begun, nnd may
also serve to remind you that you, too,
"may make your lives sublime, and,
departing, leave behind you foot-prints
on the sands of"—James Bay.
nection with municipal councils,
and to give greater facilities for
making inquiries for suoh matters. Several measures will also
be presented to you for improving the law of procedure in criminal
cases. Among these will be a bill to
permit the release on probation of
persons convicted of first offences; a
bill authorizing a regulation to be
made for the praotice in cases partaking of the nature of criminal proceedings, and a bill to mnke the Speedy
Trials Act, applicable throughout
Canada. Bills lelating to the inspection of timber and lumber, for the improvement of the postal system and
for increasing the efficiency of the
Northwest mounted police will also be
submitted for your consideration. The
royal commissioners on labor having
concluded their enquiries, I hope to be
able to lay before you at an early day
their report, with the important evidence collected by them in various
parts of Canada.
Gentlemen of tlieliouse of Commons;—
Tho accounts for the estimates for the
ensuing year will be laid before you.
These estimates have been prepared
with a due regard to economy and the
efficiency of the publio service.
Honorable Gentlemen of the Senate;
Gentlemen of the Bouse of Commons:—
I now commend these several subjects
and the others which may be brought
before you to your earnest wualdei-
tion and trust that the results of your
deliberations may, under the Divine
blessing, tend to promote the well-
being and prosperity of Canada.
for Infants and Children.
< "OHtai-ralsMweUaaapMfweUldrealtiat I Castor-It, cures Colic, Constipation,
trecommenditossuiierlortoany prescription I B"* Stomach, Diarrhoea, Eructation,
taowatome."     bT*^k£,       I ^JESS* «iTe"lM'''»,ld I*™*-0*'*'*
IU 80, Oxford 8t,Bro>Ujii,ri.'!f.   | Without Injurious medication.
Thb Cbmtaur Company, 17 Murray Street, K. Y.
Late Despatches.
Opened by Lord Stanley with the
Usual Pomp.~The Speech from
the Throne.
Canada Will Maintain Her Fisheries Rights.  China Steamers to
he Subsidized.
Ottawa, Jan. 31.—The Dominion
House of Commons was opened to-day
by His Excellency the Governor-
General, Lord Stanley. The galleries
were filled and the scene was brilliant.
His Excellency's speech from the
throne was as follows :
Hon. Gentlemen of Ihe Senaie; Gentlemen
of the House of Commons:
In addressing the parliament of
Canada for the first time, in fulfilment
of the important trust which has been
committed to me ss her majesty's representative. I desire to express the satisfaction with which 1 resort to your
advice and assistance. I am conscious
of the honor which attends my association with your labors for the welfare
of the Dominion and it will be my
endeavor to co-operate wiih you to the
utmost of my power in all that may
promote the prosperity of the people
of this country, tho development of
her material resources, and the maintenance of thecoiistitutionnlities which
unite her provinces. It is to be ro-
gretted that the treaty concluded between Hor MajeBty and the president
of the United States for the adjustment of the questions whiclvhavo arisen
with referenco to the fisheries, has not
been sanctioned by the U.S. senate, in
whom the power „t ratification is vested, and that our legislation of last year
on tho subject is therefore in a great
measure inoperative, lt now only remains for Canada to oohtitiue to maintain her rights as prescribed by tho
convention nf 1818, until smite satisfactory re-adjustment is arranged by
treaty between the two naiions. An
amendment will again be submitted to
you to amend the acts respecting tho
electoral franchise, for tlio purpose of
simplifying tho law and lessening the
cost of its operation. It is expedient
in the increase of commerce to assimilate, and in some particulars to amend,
the lawB which now obtain in the several provinces of the Dominion relating
to bills of exchange, cheques and
promissory notes. A bill with this
object will be laid before you. A bill
vill also be provided for making uniform, throughout the Dominion, the
law relating to bills of lading. During
the recess my government has carefully
considered the subject of ocean steam
service and you will be asked to pro-
Tide a subsidy for the improvement of
the Atlantic mail service and for the
establishment, in concert with Her Majesty's government, of a line of government steamers between British Oolumbia and China and Japan. Sour
attention will also be invited to tho
belt mode of developing our trade and
■ecuring direct communications with
Australasia, the West Indies, and
South America. A bill will be submitted for your consideration for the
prevention of certain offences in con-
labouchere's cable.
London, Jan. 30.—Tho prince of
Wales is going to Berlin in tho course
of the spring to pay a formal visit to
the emperor in his military capacity as
colonel in chief of the Blucher Hussars. Etiquette requires this visit
should be paid before the emperor
comes to England. William will come
on a visit to the queen as soon as tho
yoar of mourning for his father is over.
It is probable that the emperor will be
her majesty's guest at Windsor early
in July for a few days and whilo in
London he will reside at Buckingham
Palaco. But his stay in this country
will not exceed ton (lays altogether.
Thero has been correspondence betwoen the Prince of Wales and tho
Marquis of Salisbury about money
matters since tho visit of his royal
highness to the queen at Windsor last
month. I understand that Lord Salisbury has expressed himself as being
ready to propose a grant cf £15,000 a
year for Prince Albert Victor whenever he desires to marry. The allowance for Princo George and for the
young Princesses of Wales will bo proposed at the proper time, which presumably means when they marry or
when their father dies or when the
queen dies, whichever event is the first
to happen,
The success of Gen. Boulanger in
France is turning the heads of Mr,
Chamberlain and his ally Gen. Lord
Wolsely. They eannot quite agreo
who of the two is to be dictator, so
they offer themselves as a duumvirate
to rule over us. Col. North and Mr.
Chamberlain are angling for recognition by the gentlemen of England, but
I think the colonel is the more honest
of the two. He at least does not try
to bribe himself into social and political recognition with the money of the
The will of the late Duchess of Gal-
leria will be contested by a number of
relatives. An Italian newspaper states
that 16 law suits have already beon begun with the object of having the document declared void.
st. Petersburg's decline.
The census of population at St. Petersburg has recently been taken and it
appears there has beon a diminution ot
about 80,000 inhabitants since 1831.
London, Jan. 31.—Sir Robert Morier having waited in vain for permission to leave his post as ambassador at
St. Petersburg in order to como home
and explain the untruthfulness of the
charges brought against him by
Prince Bismarck, has grown restless
and has evidently determined to return the German attack with tlie same
kind of weapons that wore used against
him. The is no longer any doubt
about the authorship of the Cotemporary Review's artiole on "The Bismarck-
ian dynaBty." Mr. Stead, the editor
of tho Pall Mall Gazelle, wrote the article, but in all probability its pointed
attack on Prince Bismarck was inspired by Sir Robert Morier, who thus is
enabled to pay off his score in part at
least. Mr. Stead is known to be a
lirm friend of the ambassador and has
heartily defended him throughout all
the recont affair.
The Pall Mall Gazette, in a leader
to-day on the death of the Orown
Prince Rudolph, says: "The sudden
and mysterious death of Princo Rudolph has removed from the scene anothor one of those personalities whose
existence was inimical to the execution
of the plans of Prince Bismarck. In
tho middle ages suoh a run of fatalities would be ascribed to supernatural
ageneies. Prince Rudolph did not
love Prince Bismarck, nor did he relish the superior airs affected by the
Kaiser William. It is openly declared
that if Prince Rudolph had ascended
the throne of Austria, his foreign
policy would have been as Russian
as that of his father is German.
It is asserted that the orown prince
literally trembled at the mention of
Prince Bismarck's name, his dread of
him was so great."
 +m. ——
Miraculous.—"My Miraculous Cure
was that I had suffered from kidney disease for about years, was off work all
that time, A friend told mo of B. B, B„
I tried it, and am happy to say that I
was oured by two bottles." Wm. Tier,
St. Marys, Ont.
Grand Clearing Snle!
$35,000 OF STOCK.
Beg to inform the people of New Westminster City
and District that they will offer their
entire Stock of
Family Groceries
Columbia Street,       New Westminster.
ALL PERSONS are hereby warned a> ll
gainst negotiating two certain promissory notes made by William Trethe- ,
wey and Qnstav Hauck conjointly on the'
17th daj ol May last In favor ol Mrs. M. '
A. Trethewey ol the Mission, Fraser River,
for J265.00and 8200.00 respectively. These 1
notes have been satlsBed on the 29th o( I
June last and have so far heen withheld ,
Irom me by Mrs. Trethewey under the I
plea that they are mislaid.
Ladner's Landing, Jan. 1,1888.  dw'a2ra I
works have much pleasure in notify-il
ing their Mends and the publio that they,f
are now prepared to receive and promptly II
execute any orders for work in their llne/l
with which they may be favored.
Mechanical Manager.'!
Vancouver, B.O., 8th May, 1888. "
Dominion Lands.
Pre-emption or for rent of Mining or
Grazing Land, or buying Farm, Mining
or any land from the Dominion Government,
But pay In __
large discount.
Scrip can be obtained iu large or small
quantities from
OR from
The above Works are re-opened and luTJ
addition to tho present marble stock
will shortly receive several Monuments of the finest
Fruit Trees,
Ornamental Trees,
Small Fruits,]
And GARDEN STOCK ou hand ln great]
variety. *
Everything first-class and furnished irjl
good shape. . j
..a.Send 15 cts. for valuable 80-page De-I
sen ptive Catalogue with fl beautiful col
ored plates.   "* '    " '
Price Lists sent free,
Port Hammond, B. C.
Sale commencing 12th October, 1888.
f. c:r.a.:k:e,
Practical Watchmaker, Manufacturing
Jeweler & Optician.
A full line of Spectacles & Eye-Glasses in steel, rubber, silver and goM
frames.   The find Pebbles made, $4 per pair; all sights suited,
Speoial attention given to PINE WATCH REPAIRS. Having loarned th.
business thoroughly from soire of the finest Horologers in England, and rince thon
managed the watch-repairing departments of a few of the best firms o i tho continent of America, is a sufficient guarantee ot good workmanship. Formerly manager ior nearly 8 years o* the well-known firm of Savage k Lyman, Montreal.
Charges Moderate,
Montreal, Doc, 1887.—Mr. F. Crake Andw. Robertson, Esq., Chairman ol
Montreal Harbor Commissioners, says: -'I never found a Watchmaker who did so
well for me as you did when iu Montreal, and I am sorry you aro not here to-day."
Douglas & Deighton,
Colonial Block,
Columbia Street,      New Westminster, B. C.
Constantly on Hand an Extensive Stock of
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots dc Shoes, Hats & Caps,
Crockery, Glassware, &c .
XtXZHW-S     SB    BOTB'     SUITS.
Great Variety of Household Articles.   Also,
W. Ik-Farm Produce bought at market rates or sold on commission, nsvOrders
from tbe Interior promptly attended to. dwjeffto
A  CO.
Real  Estate,
Financial Agents
Purchase, Sell and Lease Property,
Collect Rents,
Make Loans on Mortgages,
And transact all Business relating to
Real Estate.
london Assurance Corporation.
Connecticut Fire Insnrance Oo. of
london and Lancashire Life Assurance Co.
Canton Insurance Offlce, Id. (Marine)
Columbia St., New West'r.
41 Government St., Victoria |
Ileal Estate Brokers and
Financial Agents.
Confederation Life Association oil
Toronto. I
Koynl and Lancashire Flro Insures
ance Companies.
aevValnable Lots (or sale In the City I
and District of Westminster; and choice!
Lots In the City of Vancouver. I
Persons wishing to buy or sell city or I
rural property should communicate wltb J
us. 1
Offices: Bank of B.O. buildini;, opposite!
postofflce, Westminster, und Hastings St. JT
Vancouver. dwaplOtc 1
Importers aud Dealers ln
Unlocks all the clogqerl nvt-nues of ihl
iovrels, Kidneys and Liver, enrryini
Iff gradually without wcakeninp, lhe system!
ill the impurities and foul humors of C
tactions; at the same time Correctil
Itcidity of the Stomach, curing BU
lusness, Dyspepsia, Heiuiachea, Di
Siness, Heartburn, Constipation
Dryness of the Skin, Dropsy, Dim!
ness of Vision, Jaundice, Salt Rheur
Brysipelas, Scrofula, Fluttering
the Heart, Nervousness and General
Debility; aM Oi'rse nnd mnny other simif
lar Complaints vM-1 '" ihe hnnpv influencf
Bample Bottles 10c :re.;n'ar size $1|
For sale hy all dealers,
1. MIXBVKN A CO.. Proprietors, Toronli
Mary Street, NewWestminster, B.(
London and Lancashire Fire and
British Empire Life Insurant
New Westminster Building Soclet;
Accountant's Offlce, Dloeese tt JI.**
City Auditors, 1S80,188T and ISS
and other monetary transactions.
Have several good investments on tht
hooks, and all new comers will do well
call before doing business elsewhere,


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