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The British Columbian, Weekly Edition Jan 30, 1889

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British Columbian.
Bvery Afternoon except Sunday,
At their Steam   Printing Kstablish-
ment, Columbia Street.
or 12 months $8 00
For S monthB  4 26
"or 8 montha 2 25
or 12 montha , 410 00
ior 6 montha  5 25
'er month.. .'....;     to
.Vrweek ,      25
Payment ln all eases (oxcept for weokly
-ate) to be made In advanoe.
Issued every Wednesday Morning.
Dollvererl ln the City, per year.............$a.00
Hailed, peryear...
Hailed, it months...,
Transient Ad vcrllscment*.—First inscr-
t'.lon, 10 cts. pel- Ijne solid nonpareil; each
rjubseqnent consecutive Insertion, Sets, per
blue. Advertisements not Inserted every
■day—Orst Insertion. 10 cur. per line; subsequent Insertions, 5 cts. per Hue,
£ Standing; Advertisements.—Profession*
Jal or Business Cards—82 per month. Special rates for general trade advertising,
according to space occupied and duration
Of contract.
Aiicll.nr Males, when displayed, charged
125 per cent, less tban ImnsU-iil advU, II
Isolld, charged at regular transient rates.
Special \otlccs among reading matter,
"I ots. per line each insertion.   Hpeolal.
ted by the month nt reduced rates,
Births,Marriages anrl Deaths, 11 for each
insertion; Funeral Nrrl ices in connection
|with deaths, 50 ctB. eirch Insertion.
_ Transient Advertisements.—Flrstlnser-
Bton, 10 cts. per llue_solid nonpareil; sub
sequent Insertions, 7 ots, per Hue,
I Standing; Advcitlscuienls.—Proiession-
1 or Business Cards—$1.60 por month,
fecial rates for general trade advertising.
Ipecial Notices, Births, Marriages and
latha, same rates as Dally.
Cut. mustbenl! metal,and forlargecuts
nn extra rate will be oharged.
I1 gar-Persons sending ln advertisements
Bhould be cavefnl to slate whether they
are to appear iu the Daily Edition, or tho
Weekly, or both. A liberal reduction is
made when Inserted In both. No advertisement Insetted for less tlian SI.
000 worth of cattle during the first
ten months of 1887. AU these advantages are to be reinforoed by
transportation. The Canadian Pacific Railroad is a fact, and the
Hudson's Bay route is promised, by
which Winnipeg is brought 783
miles nearer Liverpool than by way
of Montreal, and 1,052 miles nearer
than by Chicago. By this route
Liverpool would be brought Sf, 136
miles nearer to China and Japan
than via New York and San Francisco. If this route Bucceeds,Canadu
will hold the key to the markets of
the world. Coal exists throughout
Canada in abundance, the entire
ooal area covering 97,000 square
miles,. The copper deposits are
pronounced by Mr. Erastus Wiman
to be almost beyond human belief.
The Calumet and Hecla vein is
twelve feet thick; the Oanadian
vein is 1,000 feet thick. Ttie geological survey has located 557 deposits in the eastern townships
alone. Cold and silver exist in great,
plenty, chiefly in Nova Scotia end
British Oolumbia. In the latter
province $50,000,000 have been
taken from the ground by unimproved methods, and this seems t.?
point to vast deposits in the   mou
tains.   In Beaver  mine,   at
Arthur, discovered in  March
there is in sight, by actual measi-*"-"
ment, $750,000 worth  of    silJ**
Like bonanzas have been reporter.^,
n..•.-.,. #",:•:___-_■»_     c,   .   _*      irKBl
Press Despatches,
Butte, Mont., Jan. 23.—While a
freight train on the Montana Central
road waB crossing the trestle over
Deadman's Gulch, two milos east of
here, yesterday, the brake beam on
one of the cars broke and the car. in
rear piled on top of it. Brakeman
Hazleton, who waB on the car releasing
the hind brakes was crushed to death.
San Fbanoisco, Jan. 23. — The
American ship Francis, just arrived
from Manilla, had a tough voyage and
lost one man overboard.
Cincinnati, Jan. 23,—The south
bound train, which left here at 8 o'clock
laat night, was boarded by masked robbers near Ludlow, while the train waa
climbing a heavy grade. The messenger
and his assistant seized one of them and
threw hiin from the train. The others
then jumped oh?.
Lawrence, Mass., Jan. 23 J. H.
Prescott, of tho firm of Preacott & Co.,
lninber dealers, waa arrested laat night
nn the charge of embezzlement. He
has been serving as guardian of the two
daughters of Eldridge Josselyn, de
ceased, each of whom was left several
thousand dollars by their father. Both
young women made Prescott'a their
home. Everything concerning their
business and social relations with their
guardian appeared harmonious until
ten days ago when both ladies demanded that the money belonging to them
by bequest should be paid. In the police  court   to-day  Prescott  was  ar-
|Who do not receivo their paper regularly,
Trom the Carriers or through  the Post
Office, will confera favor by reporting Ihe
name to the oflico of publication at once.
STeekly Britisli Columbian.
Wednesday Horning, Jan. 30. 1880.
For the last few weeks we   have,
I as citizens of Westminster, been almost wholly engrossed in our own
oivio affairs. This is commendable,
nder the circumstances, and has
borne good fruit in the wise selection of councillors made. But it
will not be amiss, by way of relieving the tension and changing the
current of thought of the last few
days, to glanoe away for a moment
from our own important, but comparatively, smaller affairs to a comprehensive survey of the noble Dominion of whicli we are a part. At
a late meeting of the Instituto of
Albany, New York, according to
■the Dominion Illustrated, Professor
alph W. Thomas read a paper on
[Canada, the matter being altogether
statistical and authentic The ques-
ttion is asked,   "What  is Canada 1"
which is answered as follows :  Geographically Oanada has an area   of
3,360,000 square miles.of which the
asin of the Hudson's Bay alone is
2,000,000 square miles.   Canada is
[forty times as  large  as  England,
"cotland and Wales.   It is equal to
three British  Indias,  and fifteen
ames as large as the German   Empire.   The excess of its  area  over
that of the United States is greater
han that of the whole area included
lin the thirteen colonies joining  in
phe declaration of independence.   A
country of magnificent  areas; un-
neasured arable plain and  prairie;
jf mountains rich   in  minerals ; of
acustrine systems dwarfing those of
[tho  Uuited  States;  of  majestic
"vers, wholly within her own  borders, measured  on  the  Missouri-
iississsippi scale.   This is Oanada,
Industrial Oanada is great in   agriculture and minerals. Ontario raises
lie finest barley in the  world  and
ome of the finest  draught  horses,
The great Northwest includes 466,-
000 square miles of the wheat field
pf the world.    From its  situation
lit has two hours more of daylight
jthan other wheat bearing regions on
liis continent.     This  means  two
hours more of forcing  power every
day.   Droughts are  never  feared,
lanitoba claims 75,000,00 acres of
(wheat fields.   The Oanadian wheat
Crop for the first  ten  months  of
1*888 was valued   at    $5,000,000.
The Northwest regions are  capable
bf supporting a population of many
nillions, and  immigrants  are  already pouring in.   Alberta  is   the
anoh of Oanada.   Its climate is so
alld, on account of the warm   cur-
ents on the Pacifio, that horses and
a,ttle roam over  the pastures the
/ear round, and are found in spring
i bo in good condition for market,
he Canadians exported  $10,000,-
British Oolumbia.   Such expost'™, ™>'ned ™ » "''"W of embezzlement.
...     T        . r . <>""yne waived examination and is held for
are unprecedented.    Iron is   foved tha,,, grand jury in mm bftil
m unlimited quantities and   of ind.ctmeFjlLENsBiiB Jan  ^
best grade. Near Ottawa there ll^waway mills, 20 milea north of El-
lull of iron estimated to contain l'^^burg, tho home of a timber cutter
000,000 tons. The railroad up ^ (.pi'''-'.''led Kenyon was burned tothe
valley of the Trent runs througK"'*^,"?d yeaterday, and Kenyon's two
continuous iron belt for 150 milew'^ "hi'd"1'1 v*™ •""'"'d to death.
Mr. Wiman is   uuthority   for  the*   Quebec, Jan.   23.—The Northern
' Paoific Railway has a aohomo by whioh
statement that at New Glasgow, in
Nova Scotia, within a radius of six
miles, there are found hundreds  of
tons of iron ore, of the best quality,
side by side with limestone,   chemically pure, coke in  seams   30  feet
thick, all directly on the line of the
Intercolonial Bailway   and   within
six miles of  the   Atlantic  ocean.
This ore could be put on the   wharf
in Boston for $1.50 per ton,  which,
to-day    costs    from     $5   to  $6
per ton.   The Ontario  government
has recently sold 150,000  acres  of
land for $2 an   acre,   covering  an
iron belt seventy-five miles  across.
Commercial Oanada has not yet acquired that prominence which might
be expected when the resources  of
the country are considered.     Yet,
in her merchant   marine,   Oanada
ranks fourth among the nations  of
the earth.   Commerce is now being
fostered by the government, and in
1881 the American trade with Canada amounted to $89,000,000. These
facts partly   answer  the   question
"What is Canada)"   and   we   hold
with the professor that they   vindicate the Canadian's claim   for  the
greatness of his country's destiny.
The Pacific coast is already buying
300,000 tons of Canadian coal every
year, in spite of the duty,    American manufacturers are compelled to
go to Malta and   Spain  for  iron,
when it exists within a few   hours'
ride of their own borders, The manufacturers of this country  are  deprived of nickel, which could  be
used in many ways, were it not for
the high price of the metal.    It is
better than steel for the  making of
ordnance.   But there are only two
deposits of consequence in the world.
One is within a few  miles of  Detroit; the other is in new Caledonia,
half way round tho globe.    Americans hear much of the high price of
lumber nnd much of the destruction
of their forests.   Anyone  can  see
that a high tariff on lumber  means
direct destruction  to   their   own
forests.   Canadian lumber  by  the
million feet is annually going up in
the smoko of forest fires,   or rots
into the earth,   Ten  million acres
of forest exist in British Columbia
Children Cryfor
The agents for a certain kind of
cough candy in New Yorjc distribute
circulars on which is stated the following puzzle:—"What number
oan you take, and when you divide
it by two, three, four, five or six
you will have one over, bnt when
divided by seven nothing will
remain ?" The circular goes on to
say that if a person cannot solve tho
puzzle he should buy a box of candy,
when the agent will hand him the
right number on a slip of paper.
This is not a bad puzzle to work on,
whether you get any cough candy
or not.
Hon. J. A. Chapleau cables that he
will sail for Canada from France on
February 16th, completely restored to
Pitcher's Castoria.
it can obtain a thorough route through
Canada und enable it to compete wilh
tlio Canadian Pacifio Bailway. Three
bills have boen presented to the
Quebec legislature. The first is to incorporate the Peninsula of Oaspe short
line railway with a capital of $600,000.
The line is to run from Gaspo Basin to
a point on the Metapodia river, north
of Oausapascal river. Here it ia to be
joined by the Eastern railway, which
is tu run to St, Jean Ohrysostorae, opposite Quebec. The Inter-Colonial
haa a bridgo over the Oausapascal
which will probably be used to unite
the two links. The shares of this road
will be $1,000,000. The third link is
the Northern Central railway to run
from St. Jean Ohrysoatome to Hull,
where tho jurisdiction of the Quebeo
leuialature ends. The capital of this
railway is $1,000,000.
London, San. 23.—It is rumored
that more trouble has broken out in
Blenheim palace. Reports come from
Woodstock thut since the Duchess of
Marlborough, late Mrs, Hammersley,
returned from South France the duke
haa discovered certain traces of temperament in her not entirely to his
liking. The duchess is high spirited
and ill brooks criticisms. Interesting
developments aro expected, The
duchess has the sympathy of the people of Woodstook.
Lonuon, Jan. 23.—A messenger has
arrived at Suakim from the upper Nile
who reports that a force of 35,000 Dervishes left Khartoum last month for
Dotigola to attack Egypt.
Brooklyn, Jan. 24,—A serious accident ocourred on tho Kings County
Elevated Railroad at NoBtrund nve.
and Fulton st. this morning. A dense
fog prevailed and trains loaded with
passengers going to businoss were following one another in quick succession, At the point stated a train had
drawn up at the station when the one
following crashed into it telescoping
tho rear car. One man named Annison
was killed during the confusion attending the accident. He lost his head
and jumped to tho street sustaining
injuries from which he died shortly
nfter. No one wna injured nnd Iho
curs are not much damaged.
New York, Jan. 24.—The fog on
tho river this morning was
extremely dangerous and several collisions occurred. The governor Ialand
ferry boat ran against an "Annex"
boat, and the Fulton ferry boat was
ruu into by a steamboat and herself
ran into a bargo. In no case was any
injury done although the passengers
were much frightened, and aome of
the ferries ran no boats at all for some
hours, The aocidents were due to the
heavy fog which prevailed throughout
this section thi. morning and seriously
interrupted travel on elevated road,
and ferries. The most aeriou. injury
to anyone happened to a young lady
who had two teoth knocked out. At
seven this morning the down train ou
the Fulton avenuo line, with four cars
all crowded with men and women, was
about to pull out of Nostrand avenue
station when another train camo down
upon it in the denso fog. It was moving slowly but tho engineer could not
check it before it crashed into tho rear
of the train. The shock produced a
wild panjc among tho poasongera of tho
forward train, and Samuel Kniffon, a
printer, aged 65, throw opon the gate
and jumped from the car to the atreet
below, a distance of thirty feet, striking on the back of his head and causing instant death. When tho collision
ocourred the passengers were pitched
forward into a heap, the men and women shouting and screaming in the
wild struggle. Numbers were bruised
and cut but none seriously. The engineer of the second train says the fog
waB so dense he could not see the
other train until close up on to it and
he had supposed it had already moved
out of tho station.
Cincinnati, Jan. 24.—This morning
a terrible accident occured nhile workmen were tearing down the building, pf
Mabley & Carew. The wall fell without warning and three workmen were
instantly killed and six terribly injured.
Baltimore. Md., Jan. 24.—The
Bteamship Erin went down off Hat-
toraa. She broke her shaft and sprung
a leak. The passengers and orew Were
all saved by a British steamer and
landed at Newport. Six of the orew
arrived in Baltimore thia morning.
Berlin, Jan. 24.—North German
Gazette saya the sensation in America
over the Samoan troubles is regarded
here as a deliberate defiance from
Berlin, Jan. 24.—The North German Gazette denies the existanco of a
treaty precluding any European power
from acquiring dominating influence
in Samoa. It declares that in the
treaties of friendship made by Samoa
with Germany, England and the U.
S., Samoa promises the same rights to
each which are given to any other
power. The Gazette denies that there
have been an treaty arrangements between Germany and the U.S. with reference to the neutrality or independence of Samoa and the Gazette adds
that the non-existence of such agreements, however, will not cause Germany to fail to respect the rights acquired by other states by virtue of
their treaties with Samoa
London, Jan. 24.--Indian, Australian and South American crops are reported unsatisfactory and the Russian
crop promises badly. The market is
over sold and bad news from America
can only further depress the market
and higher prices should rule.
London, Jan. 24.—Tho Bank of
England rate of discount is reduced to
3J per cent.
Dublin, Jnn. 24.—The Expres, asserts that the London Times has secured fresh documents of great importance
from America which will be used in
the prosecution of its case before the
Parnoll commission.
Dublin, Jan, 24.—When the counsel for the crown had concluded his
case against O'Brien, Mr. Timothy
Henly, O'Brien's counael, applied to
the court for supoena. for Lord Salisbury and Mr. Balfour, whoso speeches
ho said were similar to O'Brien's. The
application was refused. The people
in the court room then began to murmur, and the galleries were ordered to
be cleared. The court officers proceeded to carry out the order when
O'Brien cried out: "I'll clear out too,"
and started for the door. The magistrate shouted to stop him. Then ensued a fierce struggle. A constable
grabbed O'Brien, und the people Socked to aid him. Finally, after a prolonged fight, O'Brien, by the people's
nid reached the street, his coat nearly
torn from his back. An immense
crowd thereupon escorted him through
the town in triumph. The police
made a savago charge upon the people escorting O'Brien batonini' them
mercilessly. The crowd returned the
attack with a fusilade of stones aud
used their slicks freely. O'Brien was
wounded in the breast by a rifle Btook,
and scores of people were injured. Tho
court hastily issued a warrant for
O'Brien's arrest and then adjourned.
Tho police with fixed bayonets patrolled the streets until a late hour.
Twenty persons received wounds from
bayonets and at least forty were clubbed by the police; somo of the bayonet wounds are dangerous. It is not
known where O'Brien is at present,
and it is not expected he will appear
in court tomorrow.
London, Jan. 24.—The lord mayor
of London tendered Mr. Phelps, the
United States minister, a farewell banquet this evening at the Mansion house,
at. which 250 guests were prosent, including Lords Rnsobery and Salisbury,
Chief Justice Ooloridge and many loading nnd scientific men. The lord
mayor proposed the toast to Mr.
Phelps who wa. enthusiastically
greeted when he arose to reply. Mr.
Phelps thanked the lord mayor and
those preaent for their kindness and
referred to the many kindnesses he had
received during hia sojourn in England.
He said that misunderstandings might
arise between England and America,
though both governments were anxious
to avoid their occurrence, but all differences will be capable of a friendly solution. He uid that he did not know
who would bo his successor, but he
knew that he would be an American
gentleman who would be fit to stand
as the medium of communication between the two countries and he was
certain that England would give him a
friendly welcome.
London, Jan. 24.—Before the Parnell commission to-day, Capt. Blaok
traced varioua outrages in Ireland to
the national league, whioh had been
inspired, he uid, by the inflamed
language of members of parliament,
priests and other loader, of the league,
He said the league had practically assumed the government of tho country.
An Irish inspector named Rogers do-
posed that he had found in the house
of Anna O'Connor, the secretary of
the ladiea' land league  of Athlone.  a
letter from Anna to Parnell in reference to the formation of a ladies
branch of the league for the relief of
evicted tenants. Miss O'Connor's accounts disclosed the fact that expenditures had been made for defence of
prisoners charged with outrages. The
counsel for the Times then proceeded
to read extracts of speeches made by
Mr. Parnell. The counsel for Mr.
Parnell objected, and demanded that
the entire speeches should be read "and
not extracts. Mr. Justice Hannen entreated the Times' counsel to shorten
his readings.
New York, Jan. 25.—The manufacturers have formed a combine to
tight the feather girla' union and scale
of wages. The girla will likely submit
to their employers. All but three of
the firm, notified the girls this morn
that they would return to the, old rate
of wages in these factories. The girls
to the number of about 1000 went on
strike, and will held a large meeting
this afternoon in the Cooper union.
New York, Jan. 25.—A Washington apecial to the Herald says: "it is
not unlikely that Soorutary Whitney will charter one of the Pacific
mail steamers at San Franoisco for use
iu the Samoan matter, and it is understood that negotiations are now going
on with superintendent Cullayof New
York and the secretary, in regard to
securing one of the large steamers
used in the China trade.
San Francisco, Jan. 25.—Shoals
of black cod in abundance have been
found by the U. S, fish commissioners'
steamer Al ba tros about a hundred miles
out from Sandiego and these are the
first black cod found south uf Puget
Sound on the Paciiic coast.
Los Angeles, Oal., Jan. 25.—The
sheriff has taken possession of the
Tribune office, having been attached
by the holder of a four thousand five
hundred dollar note.
Washinoton, Jan. 25. —Mrs. Abigail Duniwny, of Oregon, addressed
the senate committee on woman suffrage yesterday and urged an amendment to the constitution granting
women the right to vote.
SiVANNAn, Ga., Jan. 25.—Thirty
persons were thrown into the wator by
the collapsing of the Ocean Steamship
Co.'s wharf last night. Three wero
Washinoton, Jan. 25.—Chairman
Herbert, of the house naval committee,
to-day replied to Secretary Whitney'a
letter on Samoa, in which he expresses
the desire for prompt action by congress in giving tho department all the
financial and moral support required
ta protect American interests.
Buffalo, N. Y., Jan. 25.—The New
York, Chicago and St. Louis yards at
Eaat Buffalo presented a lively scene
this morning. The union switchmen
assembled in the vicinity of the yards
in large numbers watching the efforts
of Yardmaster Thompson, and hiB
"florelom hope" of two mon with
interest. Some one misplaced the
switches last night in the yards causing
much delay and confusion. Division
Supt. Johnson aud Trainmaster Schae-
fer, of Concord, camo on here and succeeded in scraping together 25 nonunion men who were at work this
morning. The switchmen remain firm
and say they will carry their point
even if it becomes necessary to declare
a boycott against niokle plate freight
as was done during the "O" strike.
The Lackawanna, Lehigh & West
Shore Roads would be most seriously
orippled by such a movement and are
anxiously awaiting tho issuo of the
trouble. The Switchmen's Mutual
Aid Society numbers about four hundred men and is in a flourishing condition. Trouble is anticipated to-day
unless tho railway officials  surrender.
Buffalo, N. Y„ Jan, 26.—The
News publishes this afternoon the address to Mr. Gladstone, contained
in the testimonial album prepared by
the exile John McBrido of this city,
in favor of home rulo for Ireland, and
to which Prcsident-olect Harrison affiled his signature. In as much aa it
places tho president-elect on record as
favoring home rule for Ireland, tho
mattor is likely to bo the subject of
considerable comment.
Brooklyn, Jan. 26.—Soven lines of
atreet cats controlled by " Deacon "
William Richardson woro tied up this
morning. The line of travel extends
through the heart of the city. Nearly
1,000 men are affected.
Baltimore, Jan. 25. — The U. S.
district court in an opinion dismissing
the civil rights suit of a colored mau,
to-day, holds that where publio opinion
demands a separation of races, common
carriers, etc,, must acccdo to it to some
extent, and they are not compelled to
sacrifice their business to combat it.
Indianapolis, Jan. 25.—Joseph A.
Moore, of this city, general agent in
Indiana and Ohio for the Connecticut
Mutual Life Insurance Co., made brief
statements this afternoon uying his
liability to the company is over naif a
million dollars and that he does not
intend to run away or commit suicide.
He is behind in hi. account, with aeveral other companies, one of which ia
the Firemana fund of California.
Dublin, Jan. 25.—The trial of Wm.
O'Brien was resumed to-day. The
defendent waa absent but notwithstanding tho court ordered the trial to
proceed O'Brien wu adjudged guilty
and sentenced to four mounts imprisonment without hard labor. The police have no clue to his whereabouts.
London, Jan. 25,—A orane working
ladle, containing seven ton. of molten
steel, at the Crowe Railway works, col
lapsed to-day and fell into the pit
The molten steel scattered in all directions like flying bullets, nnd twenty
persons were injured and the building
Dublin, Jan. 25.—The excitemont
over the trial of Editor O'Brien, at
Corrick hss not subsided. The streets
around the court house are filled with
people who are kept at a distance,
however, by a cordon of police. Proceedings up to noon to-day were suspended owing to the non-appearance
of Mr, O'Brien and at latest accounts
he had neither given himself up no*
had been re-arrested,
Dublin, Jan. 25.—An attempt was
made by the mob at Carrick last night
to rescue the men arrested during the
riot around the court house when the
police were taking them off. The police
with their prisoners hurried into the
railway station where they were besieged and the train was not allowed
to depart. Stones were thrown and
the police threatened to fire when a
priest interfered to prevent bloodshed.
The police were later reinforced and
after being detained two hours got off
with their prisoners.
Paris, Jan. 25.—Fit-ago assert, that
the Empress Frederick has accepted a
legacy, amounting to over five million
francs from the Duchess of Galliers,
and thus the curious fact is presented
of a member of the royal family of
Germany possessing estates in France.
Zanzibar, Jan, 25.—News comes
from the mainland that the Rev. Mr.
Brooks, an English missionary and
thirteen assistants and servants belonging to the mission, have been murdered by the Arabs and blacks under their
command. The mission was located
at Saadani, opposite this island, which
had been bombarded by the German
ships. It is thought the massacre was
in revenge for that act It has created
an immense sensation here, and shows
the extent of hatred to the whites that
the Germans have aroused. Saadani
has long been the starting point of
European missions, the natives welcoming the missionaries and assisting
them. The question as to what measures England will adopt to punish the
perpetrators of the crime is eagerly
discussed here.
London, Jan. 25.—The Cossac expedition under Atchinoff, which landed at Tadjourah, a French settlement
below the mouth of the Red Sea, proposes to establish itaelf in one of the
Abysinian provinces near the sea.
There is a strong suspicion the object
of the expedition is to plant in Eutern
Africa an establishment of stragetical
character similar to that of the Russian monks at Mount A thos.
Dublin, Jan. 25.—Father McCarthy
the parish prieat whose trial at Clon-
akilly caused such a sensation and provoked a riot yeateaday, has been convicted on a charge of inciting Boycott
and has been sentenced to iraprison-
for four months. There is a great outcry at the severity of the sentence and
another riotoua outbreak is feared.
Clonakilly is guarded with troopa and)
police as if to resist a siege.
London, Jan. 25.—The morning
papers all have articles this morning
eulogizing Mr. Phelps and praising hi*
speech at the lord mayor's banquet lut
night as in the best taste. The
Standard while joining in the chorus of
praise for Phelps personally thinks a
banquet to the American minister was
hardly appropriate while relations with
the U.S. were strained. The Times
says, that for lightness of touch, combined with solidity of utterance and
for sympathy, tact, judicious reserve,
manly warmth of feeling and felicity °t
expression, Phelps' speech has rarely
if ever been excelled.
The Week*. Mining Hews.
Outside the  work  that is i
being done at Field, the only  important bit of news of the week is the ule
of a half interest in a Jubilee Mountain
claim.   The property disposed of is an
undeveloped  piece  of   ground,   but
favorably located.   Some  high grade
copper ore, rich in silver,   was  taken
from the vein ln doing the assessment
work. Sheriff Redgrave, the purchaser,.
has other properties on the mountain-,
and has done much in aiding  the  development of the district.   The last
purchase proves that he still has faith
in the future of the camp.   The interest purchased is part of the  Silver
King location, and the party  selling,
Hugh McDonald.   The price paid was
$500 cash.   "Shan" McKay  hu  put
mon to work on his claims on the mme
mountain,  as  has the Law company.
Jones  & Wells,  on  the east side of
Jubilee Mountain, seeing that they
could not dispose of their ore  to the
Vancouver smelter, have quit  taking
out ore and recommenced driving the
tunnel on their great Spallumcheen
mine.   At field, 30 men are at work
on the Monarch.   So far, snow hu not
interfered with operation..   The usual
ore .hipment went through to Vancou-
Ver during the week.   Ooal from the '
mines at Anthracite i. moving  westward,  a few carloads going through
daily.   At  Donald, a company, with
capital stock of $10,000, has been organized to work placer ground on
Porcupine Creek.   The company will
begin operations a. early as possible in
Ihe spring.   In the Big Bend country,
the placers on Came. Creek are to be
worked aystematically,providing Janus
Gray and his partner can get a 20-year
lease of the ground from the legislative
a8eembly.—Truth. Weekly British Columbian
Wednesday Morning, Jan. SO, 1889.
(from Daily Columbian, Jan, 20.)
A blank sheet again to-day at the
police court.
Mr. A. Wintemuto has added $10
to the exhibition fund.   Next!
McGee and McCann, the two Nanaimo men who recently fought a
prize fight, have been bound over to
keep the ponce for six months,
The Dominion Illustrated of Jan.
19th contains a fine lot of Oanadian
views and portraits, among the former
being a striking illustration of a buffalo
stampede from a prairie fire.
At the mooting of the New Westminster Southern Railway company,
held in this city on the 24 inst, Messrs.
J. A. Webster, W. McColl and D .Mc-
Nair were appointed directors of the
said company, vice John Hendry, A.
Ewen and Oapt. Scoullar—resigned.
While inspecting on old outbuilding
this morning, Mr. B. Robb found hidden upon one of the roof beams and
old sock, containing $100 in $20 pieces,
that had evidently been there for
years. Mr. Robb is to be congratulated, for not everyone can find money
in these dull times.—Standard.
Mr. W. Moresby, accompanied by a
number of stout young men who have
beon sworn in as special constables,
left for the interior to-day on a highly
important mission the nature of which
cannot be made public without risk of
defeating the ends of justice. The
party goes prepared for hot work If
Major Downie, one of  the  pioneer
Erospectors of British Columbia, who
as travelled up and down the coast
for the past thirty years, has been suffering greatly the past few months,
and yesterday he was obliged to go lo
the Nanaimo Hospital. It is to be
hoped he will recover shortly, end that
his familiar figure will again be seen
on our streets.— Eree Press.
We aro glad to learn thnt building
will be brisk in the Royal city this
summer. Mr. Douglas and Mr. Bole
intend putlting up a $12,000 brick
building on Clarkson street and we
understand Mr. Bole intends erecting
a number of cottago residences this
spring. Mr. W, Handcock nlso intends
commencing operations at once on a
two-story cottage on the cresent.
Thirty boxes of live lobsters arrived
at Astoria from the Atlantic coast for
distribution, for purposes of propagation in that vicinity. They are large
and full of apawn. Twenty-Beven
boxes woro immediately placed in the
water at the mouth of the river, at
Cape Hancock, two were sent to Shoal-
water Bay, and the other Bent to
Groy.s Harbor, All are in first-rate
Another Maple Bldge election.
The Maple Ridge elections, which
lut week convulsed that usually quiet
municipality from one end to the
other and resulted in bringing to the
surface a great deal of pent up bitterness and unneighborly feelings, are
about to be repeated though on a
smaller scale. Reeve Sinclair and
Councillor Ferguson have sent in their
resignations for the reason, it is stated,
that they are not properly qualified to
hold office. Nominations will take
place on Monday, and polling, if any,
on Thursday next,
 ». ^ i
netting Beady for Business.
The str. Rainbow iB rapidly getting
into shape for work, and it is expeoled
that she will resume her trips about
next Wednesday. She had been running nineteen months without a lay-
up until recently, and did splendid
work, but like all things earthly, she
needed repairs. They hare now been
effected, and the Rainbow is in better
condition to-day than ahe waa when
started first. Captain Cavan and Engineer Thompson have got their respective departments in the highest
state of perfection, und this popular
Bteamer will be in tho best of trim
when she resumes hor work.—Standard.
 **. .
The terpentine Plats Overflow.
Travel over the Serpentine Flats via
the Yale wagon road is impeded at
present by an overflow of water. The
Serpentine and Nicomekl canal improvements, which have boen mado by
the Dominion government, havo 'done
much good and the overflow this season
is much loss than In former years. If
the government makes n suitable appropriation at the coming session of
parliament to complete the work thero
is no reason why these tertile flats
should over again be subject to the
damaging overflows. It is understood
Mr. D. Chisholm, M.P., will urge a
large appropriation to complete the
■ mm.	
The Nortii Paelfle Cunning Co.
Another Railway Project,
Mr. Chas. Wilson, barrister, of
Victoria, gives notice in the B. O.
Gazette that application will be made
to the legislature of British Columbia,
at its next sitting, for a private bill to
incorporate a company for the purpose of constructing, equipping and
maintaining a railway from a convenient point ou the eastern boundary of
the provinoe to the northern terminus
of tho Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway on Vancouver Island via Yellow-
head Pass, Cariboo and Bute Inlet;
with power to construct and maintain
branch lines, to construct and operate
telegraph and telephone lines, to build
and operate steam and other vessels,
mul generally to do all things conductive or incidental to the attainment of
the above purposes, or any of them;
uud for a grant of land in aid of the
proposed enterprise. From this it
would seem that the little E. & N.R.
may one dny be a part of a great transcontinental line vieing in importance
with the C. P   R.
Sunday Scliool Entertainment.
The Methodist Sunday school anniversary entertainment which took
place in the Methodist church last night
was in every respect a creditable success. In the early part of the evening
about 150 children assembled in the
basement of the building where they
partook of the various edibles furnished
in tho way of refreshments for the occasion. After all had satisfied themselves with these good things they adjourned to the auditorium where tho
intellectual part of the programme was
carried out. The little ones were all
neatly dressed, and as they assembled
on the platform arouud the pulpit presented a scene suggestive of the descent
of white robed innocence upon the
earth. Mr. H. L. DeBeck, superintendent of the school, had charge of
the management of the affair, whilst
Mr. T. R. Pearson conducted the singing with Mrs. Chamberlain nnd Mrs.
Major and one or two others lending in
different parts. The entertainment
was opened at 8 o'clock with a sacred
chorus in tho singing of which all the
children joined. A number of recitations and songs givon by the youngsters
in turn wero well rendered, whilBt a
few sacred selections were sung in
chorus. A very amusing feature of
the programme was the breaking of the
jugs, the contents of which add $100 90
to the fund for paying off the debt contracted by placing seats in the Sunday
school room. The proceedings were
brought to a close by the singing of the
national anthem
The North Paoifio Canning Company
are shipping from Nanaimo to thoir
property on the Skeena River, tomorrow about 40,000 feet of lumber
and about 100,000 shingles. The lumber and shingles will be taken on
board by the Cariboo Fly on her next
trip. This lumber is being shipped to
provide for temporary quarters and
buildings roquired by the company and
their men until such time as the permanent buildinga proposed to bo eroded by the company for their business
are erected and completed. As a
large quantity of lumber will be required by the company this yoar for
tiie buildings proposed to be erected
by them on the Skeena River, unless
arrangements can be made to obtain
the lumber required at a more convenient point, about 100,000 foet of
lumber will be .hipped from lNanaimo
for them this year.—Courier.
Wlntcniules'  Furniture Factory.
The firm of Wintemute Bros, manufacturers of furniture, wood-work,
picture frames etc., is the largest establishment of its kind in New Westminster. From a small beginning this
enterprising firm haa gradually extended its business till it now equals that
of any in the province. In the cabinet
making and finishing departments
from 12 to 16 practical furniture-makers
and upholsterers are constantly employed, and the work turned out by
them can be made as expensive aa the
demand calls for. The furniture for
Mr. G. E, Corbould's private library,
consisting of handsomely carved and
finished cupboards, bookcases av rl
stands, is at present receiving ils finishing touches in the factory. Tho machinery used in the various lines manufactured consists of a turning lathe,
handsaw, mortiser, planer, rip and cutoff saws, jig saw, boring, shaper und
tenon machines. A 25-horse power
engine furnishes motive power for this
machinery. The building occupied by
Wintemute Bros, is 50x160 ft. and
three stories high. The show rooms are
always filled with furniture from the
common grades to the most handsomo
and expensive lines. The firm does a
large and constantly increasing jobbing
trade, for whioh it is in a good position
to complete. Tho stock room, 30x80
ft., always contains full lines of the
grades which are most in demand.
The manufacture of picture frames is
also an important item in the business
of the establishment. Wintemute
Bros, have ordered several now lines
nf muchinery in order to keep abreast
of their rapidly increasing trade.
When these arrive and are put in place
the factory will be the most complete
and best appointed in the  province.
Chilllwhack Itesolntlans.
We nro indebted to Mr. H. W. Ter-
nnn, secretary of tho meeting, for
tin; following report:- A public meeting was held in the council chambers,
Chilliwhack, on Jan. 13th, uud was
well attended by a large and influential gathering of the people of that
On motion, Mr. G. R. Ashwell was
appointed chairman, and Mr, H, W.
Ternan, secretary,
The following resolutions wore vory
ably discussed and passed:
Moved by S. Cawley, seconded by
S. Millard:
Resolved, that tho legislature be
asked to mako provision before the
expiration of the present house, to increase the representation of this district
and to subdivide it Into aeveral electoral
Moved by G. Chadsey, seconded by
S. Millard:
Resolved, that the government be asked to appoint some suitable peraon In
each municipality to act u collector of
provincial taxes, which would bo more
convenient, and also be the means of collecting more reveuue from peraona who
would evade a collector who Is a stranger
to the district.
Movod byD. McGillivray, seconded
by W. H. Ternan:
Resolved, that it Ib expedient to
change tho provincial law, making it
compulsory to count the ballots at each
frolling division, at the close cf each poll,
t being tho safest way of getting the ex
pression of the people and also the safest
against any acoidout to ballot boxes in
convoying them to the returning officer,
Moved by S. Cawley, seconded by
A. O. Wells:
Resolved, that the Municipality Act
be so amended that all municipal councils
be empowered to retain all fines and forfeitures, whether a polico magistrate is
employed or not.
Moved by H. W. Ternan, seconded
by W. H. Cawley:
Resolved, that the objectionable clause
in the Municipality Act that disfranchises the ratepayer that does not pay
all his taxes on or before the first of December in every year, should be repealed.
Moved by D. McGillivray, seconded
by Goo. Chadsey:
Resolved, that the jury law be changed
to make provision for paying jurors summoned and attending, but not being
called on a jury; also, in civil suits,
where either party demand a trial by a
jury, that the party or parties mi ;;ing
the demand deposit a sufficient sum of
money in the hands of tho registrar to
secure the expenses of jurymen summoned and attending.
Moved by A. Davidson, seconded by
W. H. Cawley:
Resolved, that tho governments attention be called to the fact that the
Vedder creek bridge on the trunk road
is still unconstructed, and the stream
impassable (causing the trunk road to be
of little use and a great inconvenience to
the travelling public), also that portion
of the trunk road around Shannon mountain and to Clieam should be repaired, it
being in a bad stato for travel.
Tbe root Ball Match.
The Westminster font ball team left
for Vancouver on Saturday afternoon
at one o'clock, by stage, and nfter a
disagreeable and fatiguing trip arrived
there at three o'clock. The stages
waited at the door of tlio Grey Hound
Hotel while tho men were dressing,
and when that necessary operation
was performed drove immediately to
the athletic grounds where play commenced at 3:30 o'clock. Westminster
won tho toss and chose to defend the
southern goal. The veteran Hammersley kicked the ball into play and a
series of tight scrimmages unsued for
fifteen minutes, tho advantage generally in Vancouver's favor. After ono
of the scrimmages Lewis secured the
bnll and got behind Vancouver's goal
and made » touch-down whieh, however, wns not flowed by tho referee.
Up till this time the Westminster forwards had failed to give tho backs a
chance, while Vancouver obtained
several freo kicks for goal which made
things look serious for tho visitors.
Ten minutos before the call of hnlf
time, Coulthard in charging the ball,
as Johnson was kicking, received the
full force of the kick just above the
loft ankle, breaking both bones. Flay
was stopped and Mr. Coulthard was
lemoved to the Grey Hound Hotel and
his injuries attended to by Dr. Robertson who happened to be on the
field at the timo. Although suffering
most excruciating pain Coulthard stood
the setting like a hero and enjoyed a
cigarette while the operation wm being
performed. After an interval of five
minutes play was resumed with no advantage to either team during the remainder of the half. During the play
Westminster was forced to take three
touch-downs for safety.
Lister opened the Becond hnlf and
ran with the ball well into Vancouver's
"25" and the play was hotly pressed
there fur 10 minutes during which
many hard scrimmages occurred.
Finally tho ball came out to Greame
who passed to Woods who made a
good shot for goal, but missed, the
ball passing only six feet from the
post. After the "drup out" the ball
was forced into the Westminster half
and remained there for some time.
Lewis finally relieved the pressure by
a pretty run and later tVoods by a
fino kick into Vancouver's touch.
Vancouver quickly rallied, however,
and dribbled the ball to the visitors
"25." This was by long odds the
best piece of forward playing during the match. Play continued in the
25 for some minutes when Benwell got
the ball and passed to Williams who
kicked Cor goal. Lister claimed a foul
on the grounds that the ball waa
thrown forward fully three yards, but
the referee gave his decision in favor of
Vancouver. The ball lighted within a
few feet of Westminster's touch line
and here a scrimmage took placo without the ball. In the mean whileBenwell
got the leather and passed to Woodward who made a drop kick and got a
goal. A protest was entered but
usual the referee decided in favor of
Vavouver, When the ball was kicked
off Vancouver carried the play into
Westminster's "25"and finally, after a
hard struggle obtained a touchdown
but failed to mako tt goal. From this
point to the finish no decided advantago was gained by either side.
On Ihe whole Vancouver played
well, but the play on their part was
much rougher than the dangerous condition of the ground called for. In
fact it was altogether too rough for
any field and not the style of modern
foot-ball play. For Westminster Oorbett, Coulthard, Turner and McMartin acquitted themselves with credit.
Tho backs, unfortunately, hod no
chance to show their play. At least
25 appeals were made to the referee
during the game all of which, with one
exception, were in favor of Vancouver,
which, to uy the least, was a wonderful showing in favor of the home team.
Mr. 0. G. Johnson, than whom a
more whole-souled and generous man
does not live, with his usual hospitality insisted that Mr. Coulthard should
be removed to his (Johnson's) private
residence. Mr. Coulthard is now comfortably installed thero and is progressing as favorably u might be expected. Mr. Johnson's kindness i.
appreciated in Westminster.
(From Daily Columbian, Jan. 28.)
Another unruffled day in police
No sign of ice yet and the chances
for a freeze-up are daily growing less.
Mr. G. A. Keefer, O. E., and Mr,
Hamlin, O. E., have arrived at Ottawa
from Victoria to give evidence before
the Onderdonk arbitration, wliich has
adjourned unlil April.
Chinese New Year is close nt hand
and oonsequnntly tho celestial chicken
thief is actively omployed in stealing
all the chickens possible. Mr. Sproat's
hen-house was relieved of a dozen fine
birds on Saturday night and no clue to
the robbers.
With oommendable enterprise The
Columbian issued an extra edition on
Monday morning last giving a lull report of speeches made by aldermanio
candidates, as well as much information regarding the questions at issue
in the recent municipal contest. If
enterprise has any market value, The
Columbian will Bucceed.—Sentinel.
Rev. Mr. McLeod was to have
occupied the Pandora street Methodist
Ohurch pulpit yesterday morning, but
declined to fulfil his engagement in
consequence of his disapproval of the
debaio on St. Paul, which was held in
the Methodist church on Tuesday
evening lut. Letters have been exchanged between the two pastors on
the subject, but their puport has not
been divulged.—Colonist.
Suspected Murderer Arrested.
Mr. Moresby returned last night
from the Junction having accomplished
the work he had in view. This was
the arrest of a Chinaman who is supposed tn have murdered the Chinese
at Lillooet a few weeks ago. Mr.
Moresby had learned that the suspected celestial had taken refuge in
a wood cutting enmp near the Junction
"Good News" us Expounded ln Our
Churches Yesterday.
At Holy Trinity Ohurch yesterday
morning the Venerable Archdeacon
Woods at Matins preached from 8
chap. Matthew, part 2nd vorse, "Lord,
if Thou wilt, Thou canst make me
clean," and said: The sermon on
the mount with its double application
was ended. To be not only hearers,
but doers, of the word, waa applicable
to-day, and if there was less craving
to hear in our own, way and more aiming to do, with the intention of pleasing God, this would make our good
works real. Our works should show
that our faith waB founded on a Rock,
immovable by the temptations and ills
which assailed. What a discourse this
last sermon ; how full of words of
warning, exhortation and comfort; in
which "Therefore I say," "Verily I
say unto you," frequently noted His
divinity, and, descending from the
mount, great multitudes followed Hun,
and in the presence of these the leper
approached, (here the venerable
archdeacon graphically described the
various stages of tho disease), and
pointed to his being past man's help ;
only God could cure him, a type of sin
in the sinner, which only God can
remove. Knowing tho power of Jesus,
he owned to it and said "If Thou wilt
Thou canst make me clean." As sinners
we should look moro to Jesus, His
greatness, His power, and be able in
faith to Bay "Thou canst," and our
will may not always be His will; He
knows our true good, and will do for
us in His own good time, and with
what love and trust tho church teaches
this in tho general supplication. Christ
is always willing to cleanse our souls,
and it is our will nlono that can leave
us unclean. Sin, like leprosy, first
takes us with little objections, then
the various means of grace are ne-
'l^lected,;    then    the    bleesed    sac-
j lu-.i    , -   -.,-., action S^^gnt ,s despised, nnd, like the leper,
and thither he with the posse repaired. &,uare_cut off from God. Christ stoops
e - i •     c a/ ,'fi   -e leper's prayer,
woman   m   revenue   for  his   fujf-tt^l -   —    -
There is no   certainty   yet   thai
right man has been arresiod,
Knights or I'vlhlns.
On Saturday evening last a smnll but
very interesting meeting was held in
Temperance Hall, Columbia street by
a numbor of thoso interested in forming a lodge of the order of Knights of
Pythias in Westminster. A few
knights from Granville Lodgo No 3 of
Vancouvor come over for the purpose
of giving any necessary assistance in
the matter. Mr. C. L. Behnson, of
Vancouver was called to the chair and
Mr. J. B .Kennedy cf Snpperton was
appointed secretary. The chairman
and Messrs. Garvin, Blomquist and
McAllister gave full explanations of
the principles, objects, and working of
the order. Another meeting will be
called in the course of a week or two,
of which due notice will be given
through the press and it is hoped that
all members of tho order in Westminster will attend and also all those who
have any desire to connect themselves
with a society which has its foundation
friendship, charity, and benevolence.
 ♦ . -»	
The Exhibition Fund.
I0» His humanity  to   regenerate, and
iane church teaches this in tho baptism,
j. .techism, and confirmation, and those
,LL" hare become spotted by the flesh
have carelessly  lost  what   Christ
ve thom in theso ordinances should
out in agonizing prayer, and they
D ;1 then hear the prompt echo, as in
I will make theo
All aro entitled to the best that their
money will buy, bo every family ahould
have, at once, a bottle of the beat family
remedy, Syrup of Figs, to cleanse the
system when costive or bilious. For sale
in 75 cent bottles by all leading druggists.
The camp was surprised and tho Chinaman, Tie Twong alias Ah Foo, arrested
and brought to   Westminster.    It   is
said that Lie Twong was in love   with
a young Chinese girl   who   with   her
mother lived at Lillooet.   The moth
would not listen to his  pro[
her daughter's hand, and it is suppi
that Lie  Twong   sii-angled   the
son." The hand of Christ, antici
•■{'''—-gating tho word, stretchod out and
' ' touched him, and here is a glorious
proof of Uis divinity ; for, while
Christ touched the leper, He Himself
remained without spot, and we can in
His holy sacrament have our bodies
made clean by His body. It ia our
justification, sanctilication, salvation,
and wo should long for pure souls in
pure bodies and attain to that higher
life. On descending from the pulpit
and reaching tho communion table, the
venerable archdeacon very feelingly
aaid : "I want to Bay a few words to
you, and it is hard for me to ssy them,
but the over growing work of the
parish and my increasing yeara and
consequently failing strength have
made me consider, and I am seriously
considering,about resigning the rectorship of Holy Trinity aud to seek some
quiet parish in tho diocese, where
the labor would not bo so heavy as in
this parish, which, to do the work
properly, requires three priests; and I
earnestly ask your prayers that God
may guide me in my decision as may
best promote the interests ot His
church and work," (concluding in
deep emotion).
Lust evening, the choir having vacated tho orchestra, a large plan of the
city was adjusted at the back of lhe
rostrum. Rov. Mr. White said it was
an unusual way of preaching, bot it
was sometimes guod to deviate from
the ordinary course, so that they could
improve both mind and heart; he would
take his text from Genesis, ll chap. 4
and 5 v., "And they said, 'Goto, let us
build us a city, and let us make us a
name.' And the Lord came down to
aee the city which the children of men
builded." The reverend gentleman
aaid: This is a very old account of an
ancient event, and in these modern
times the people said, "Let us build
us a city, bo that we be not scattored;
build Btreets, roads, dwellings, stores,
halls, churches and railways," and
whenever thoy wero built God comes
down to visit them and inspects, not
only tho main streets, but tho back
lanes and alleys, the haunts of crime
and vice. The time was coming again
when the cities wouid perish that defied Jehovah. The first tendency of
the race was to disperse, but soon for
natural protection they began to
congregate in cities. In the Bible,
cities were often personified, according
to provailing character, as "mother
"wifo" "widow" "virgin" or "harlot."
Cities have characters as well as individuals. If I might venture to characterize the cities of this province.
Victoria is middle-aged, well-to-do, a
trifle pompous but kindly; Nanaimo,
hard-working, rugged, having somo
vices, but a good heart; Vancouver,
young, precocious, a littlo overgrown,
but likely to prosper; Westminster,
staid, rather proud of her morality,
but like many moralists, not above reproach in all particulars. The good
government and evangelization of oities
are problems confronting the nation
and the church to-day. Many of the
best men and women of the world live
in cities, while they also contain centres of degrading vice and orime. Proceeding, the preacher pointed out the
beautiful situation of this city, indicating on the map the churchos,
schools, plaoes of business Ale. Emphasizing the large excess oi
places where liquor is sold over those
supplying the necessaries of life. These
are all recognized by the government,
but there aro somo not so recognized—
five plaoes, in which is "the way to
hell, going down to death." I have
marked them red and black; you may
call the marks, marks of blood, or fire
of hell, but it was the only colon to
mark theie pest-houses; they ought to
The exhibition fund is growing
steadily, but too slowly. Citizens who
should have come forward ut first and
subscribed handsomely, and thus set
a good example while peoplo wero in
the humor to subscribe, did not do so
and many have yet failed ta come to
the scratch. To-day ex-Mayor Dickinson adds the handsome sum of $212.-
85 to the list, which now begins to assume respectable proportions. This
amount has boen saved by Mr. Dickinson from the different celebrations of
whioh he was chairman and treasurer,
snd which were ao well managed as to
leave this large amount to the good,
Having this money on hand
he considered it best to make it
over to the exhibition fund where it
will do the city the most good. Large
subscriptions are now in order and
small ones too. If Westminster is
going to keep its promiso and make
the exhibition a grand success many
liberal subscriptions will yet be required.   	
W. H. Ladner M. P. P., Thos.
McNeeley and L. Guichon, of Ladners
were in the city to-day.
E. A. Sharpe, of Lulu Island, arrived on the str. Louise yesterday and
returned home this afternoon.
Perry Creek.
Colonel Baker stopped over at Donald for a day or two this week on his
way to Victoria, where ho goes to attend a session of the legislative assembly, of which he is a member. He report, the outlook nt Perry Oreek as
good. The tunnel is in 675 feet, and
still in the canyon. The bedrock continues smooth as gloss, ob are also the
walls, which are about 20 feet apart.
As an indication that the tunnel face is
rising 5 feet in 20, the gravel is uniformly good, clear from the bedrock
up for a distance of 16 feet; but la
richer on the right side of the tunnel
than on the left. Cleanups are made
weekly and average $300, which goes
far towards settling the company's
pay-roll. Fourteen mon aro employed.
Col. Baker reports about 9 inches ot
snow in the valley at Oraubrook, ahd
—19 as the coldest weather during tho
winter. Cattle are looking fine.—
bo stamped out;   tho law is broke!
whiskey is sold at 25 cts. a glus even
night in the year and the police kno j
it.   This could be put a stop to, andi,
some will have the courage to help, w
can combine and stamp them out.   I
the canvass lately all the candidate
spoke of progress, which we hope wi!
be -moral   as well  aB material,   Thi
evil is an increasing menace to  ou
oity's progress.   I might show yo'
how much money is drawn in  wagt
in the different concerns in our city
but, just in round figures, ssy there I
$100,000 a month, $1,200,000 a yea,
and in the saloons—these waste holes-,
there goes one month's wages,   $1001
000, at least.   Two  or  three   peoplj
put abroad some startling  figures ol
railroad matters during the  eleotiohffl
if you tako  what is spent in theefl
places in two yeats, you will be  nb)J
to pay the bonus and have $25,000
$30,000 to spend on   improvement!
some say, it puts tho  money  in  ciT
dilation, but the money only  ohangJ
hands.   Now, if you take this congrrj
gation,  and  suppose they have sj
average of  60 cts.   oach  to   spemj
nnd  we  were    to allow   a   court
of   men   to   start   a   little    buU
ness in the  corner  of tho  buildini
and you were to patronize them, bw
and bye they would have all the moniB
and you would have none.  These m«
don't put one cent into the city, bfl
take  everything out;  In some, syjT
tematio robbery iB carried on, gamblirl
is practiced, arid young boys are lean!
ing to drink; they are induced to com]
in, and  in  a little while they will 1
sent to gaol, and from there go to til
penitentiary, and somo fine morning«
6 o'clock wu will bo seeing tbem hantl
ed.   There are some boys in this ciM
on the fair way to the gallows, if theP
continue    in    their   present coursl
Mothers would be shocked if they well
told their baby would be a murderei
but under these influences they migh
BoyB are supplied with liquor on Froi
streot, and on New Years night thel
were eight or ten of them the won
for liquor.    This needs looking int
Continuing, the speaker showed the
wero good influences  that  might
thrown around the youth of the oiti
such as the churches, the schools, gofl
newspapers, (referring  to  which th|
speaker said—"Some are cheap at $*T
a  year  and  others are dear at an|
price"), the publio library, Y.M.C.J
rooms, ifec, und warned against attend
ing   theatrical   performances,   sayinf
that not one out of ten was safe fol
children to Bee.   Keep away from thi
saloons, said tho speaker nnd continT
ued: I will  bo  friends with the mal
who   sells   liquor, as a man, but thi
traffic I will  strike  a blow at ever'
chanco I get.   I hope to see the nel
council reduce the number of license!
and especially shut   up somo saloon!
And these pest houses that lead to he]
could bo stopped; thoy would not 1
permitted in a town of this size in Or]
tario.   While you made quite a stir t
keep out the small-pox, do not harbd
this moral disease to which we are nol
giving our permission.   Try to proteif
your families.   This is almost the oitfl
of my birth; 1 wu Only three years olf
when I came here; I know every stum]
on top of this hill, the old schoolhouael
in   which   many here  present  werS
school mates.   I  feel more at horn
nnd   have   more  intereats here tha
olsowhere, and   I  feel some of thes
things ought to be blotted out and w
be   made  a  moral city, wherein tru
righteousness dwells. The governmen
will  help, the council will help, Got
will help, you can help—do ao.   Th
discourse was listened to by a crowded!
audience with breathless attention, anS
the  singing was decidedly congrega|
The sorvice last night at the Baptic]
church was well attended. The Cos]
Boy evangelist's discourse wss baseff
on tho patience of Job, whioh was lull
toned tu with inurked attention. Af
the close of his remarks Rev. F. Chonl
berlain, with well-chosen words, spokl
on the importance of seeking thi
Saviour at once aud five responded I
the call. Tho meetings will continui
during the week, conducted by thf
(Late of Enolanb)
Corner of Ohurch and Oolumbla Street!
en-Satisfaction euaranteed,    dw(e7to]
A Pleasing Sense of Healtl
and Strength Renewed, and
of Ease and Comfort
Follows tho use of Syrup of Figs, as i
aots gently On tho |
Kidneys, Liver 0 Bowel
Effectually Cleansing the System whei
Costivo or Bilions, Dispelling
Golds, Headaches and Fever
and permanently curing
without weakening or irritating the oi
Sans on Whieh it acts,
ror sale in TSo bottles by all Londlnj
Druggists. "
■uxcnoruaso only nr ma
. Sak FaAitonwo, Oal.,
'ot-isvitti.lf.v.. N.wYosa.S.'.i Iritish Columbian
Morning, Jan. SO, 1881).
Canadian News.
liberal, was elected for
1100 majority,
bom a distance aro bo-
kivo rapidly at Ottawa,
linion of Toronto colobrat-
Ijnniversary by a ball and
\ Pavilion.
■from the Mounted Police
jit Ottawa, and was sent
[iday night.
I* grain dealer, with lia-
0,000 at Winona, Minn.,
Ited in Winnipeg.
I'cial legislature  of  Nova
noned to meet on Fob,
Ispatoh of business.
f of Burns was celebrated
by a large  number of
i Chateau de Ramsey.
J ico races at Winnipeg,
nre a great auccesB. Sleepy
Ifree for all trot and Ida-
|the proposed bridgos of
f Valley Railway over
e, have been approved
an vinegar manufacturers
fl against the withdrawal
he of manufacturing vine-
Its in bond,
lion government will con-
liutter early this year for
I Paoific coast.   The esti-
1 the vessel is $13,000.
( Tache, of St. Boniface,
- Nunnery, suffering from
Jition of the heart.   His
■ery precarious.
I decided that a party of
Igo east from Winnipeg to
Vnivul at Montreal. Thoy
I from last Saturday,
fulleton,  a farmer near
led dead in his barnyard,
1 discovered the hogs had
off close to the should-
booming annual meeting
lion artillery association,
[ill reoommend holding a
Titition for field batteries
tddleton in his annual re-
finds the number of days
knnually spends in camp
reused by one day, giving
Schultz,  of Manitoba,
[from his outter Mouday
[irm broken.   It is feared
ak condition serious  re-
tan hitched a hand-sled to
, & Pembroke  train the
was drawn at about 40
! from Wilbur to Levant,
|y young man had a thril-
jration of book publishers,
others interviewed the
lovernment yesterday to
nst the application to
i principles of the Berne
[lister Kayo paid into the
[if the interior $76,000 for
|of land, at one dollar and
The same quantity
rom the Canadian Pacific
id a quarter,
intendent of insurance,
forbidden a Massachusetts
inization from doing bus!
da until a deposit is made
ernment forthe protection
policy holders,
rl convention of the On-
of the Dominion alliance
, at Toronto. One hun-
bs are present. President
iposed that a Dominion
taken on prohibition.
of Barton, the London
ted in Philadelphia, is re-
rionds in southern Mani-
n wu in Winnipeg not
where he was traced by
cotland yard detective.
rnor-General and Lady
ed the Capital Toboggan-
isday night and received a
on at the inaugural cere-
rh were made the occasion
moiiBtration by the Bnow-
of Montreal, his wife
it leave a cent, as all his
e bestowed upon the poor
frequented his place. She
the business, but will
3 bears and other animals
I were seized at Leth-
onth on account of boing
Inspector Young was in'
ell the animals, but bo-
reach Lethbridge some
: the horses and drovo
per interviewed Hon. Mr.
itcrday for the purpose of
ivernment aid towards
English female immigrants
lumbla. As the govern-
ided to stop all assistance
s, the required aid cannot
jury at Toronto repotted
oase of the Queen vs. Dr.
' the murder of Lily Oharl-
icing abortion whioh caus-
A true bill waa found
ruggistJ. O. Wood for
i was  concerned in  the
iment of Justice, Ottawa,
hat the corporation of the
luver was not justified in
Premier and preventing
f tbe passengers there,
of the corporation was
ry the quarantine act, it
uffer the coniequencea.
n, who runs a licensed
id to being a counter-
'as caught with a pocket
ten cent pieces. He told
era to find his apparatus,
and, upon search being made, moulds
for 10 and 15 oent. pieces were
found. Beaubien was committed for
Mr. W. D. Harrington, a wealthy
Halifax grocer, has been selected as
the collector of oustoms at Halifax,
succeeding Hon. William Ross, who
was asked to resign for compromising
the government on the fisheries question. The appointment made Saturday and the choice of the government
is an excellent ono.
A dispatch from Detroit says small
pox is making serious ravages at Azalia
Munroe county, and that the health
officer of that place went to Detroit
yosterday and asked Health Officer
Duflield to supply nurses. Duflield
says the disease is very widespread
throughout the state and the only wonder iB that it has not made its appearance to a greater extent in the city.
The Canadian copyright association
waited on the Dominion government
yesterday and asked for amendments
to the copyright act tending to
protect Canadian publishers and
the reading public. If American reprints are excluded, the publishers securing the copyright agree to
pay a foreign author a royalty of 10
dents on each copy licensed to be .old.
Two prisoners serving short sentences at St. John's Quebec for larceny
were assisted to escape by two Salvation Army lassies. One of the prisoners had been in tho habit of attending
army meetings. Oapt, Ellen and Lieut
May, two young females, visited the
prisoners by permission of the sheriff
and left tools with which they cut the
bars of the cell, scaled the walls and
escaped into Vermont,
The hoary headed old senators of
the Dominion upper house have a rich
feast in store for them during the coming session. Eight divorce cases sre
to be disposed of. There are several
which might be called "tony." The
Middleton cose, in which the nephew
of Sir Frod. Middleton is suing for a
divorce from his naughty wife for
running away with a bank clork, will
rank among the pithiost.
Another thaw set in Saturday at
Montreal. The river has risen three
feet in front of the city, being now
fifteen feet above datum, and pumps
are being kept constantly al work.
Another shove took place Friday at
Montreal, commencing about Victoria
bridge and continuing down the channel until near St. Helen's Island, where
the ice became blocked. Oapt. Leger
Bays the water there is five feet higher
than it was this time last year, and a
flood is feared.
TheToronto JTorfdSaturdaymorning
published the following in double leaded type: The World is enabled to announce this morning that Hon. John
Haggart, postmaster general, has recommended to his colleagues the adoption of a two cent letter postage and
that this recommendation will be embodied in a government measure to be
brought down early in the session.
Mr. Haggart will also signalize hiB advent to oflico by other postal reforms
of a desirable character. The lowering of the postage in keeping with
modern needs iB hailed with delight by
the public generally.
There is no truth in the widely circulated reports that Oanada has deoided to abandon the modus vivendi in
connection with the fishery treaty negotiated at Washington last year. Hon.
O. H. Tupper, minister of fisheries,
said that the total number of licenses
issued to American vessels by the Dominion government exceeded forty,
The majority of these expired at the
end of the calender year. The first
batch issued were made good for one
year from date. Those issued later
are still in operation and will be respected. The government has simply
instructed the collector of customs not
to issue any new licenses because no
decision as to the future policy has
been reached.
Fire at the Albion Iron Works. Church
Attendance.   Injured by a
Special to Columbian.]
Victoria, Jan. 28.-Fire broke out
yesterday afternoon in coal tar vats at
the Albion Iron Works. The firomen
were quickly at the scene und prevented the flames spreading to the building. The fire was smothered by placing large sheets of iron over the vats
and eovering with earth. The loss is
The Times this evening will publish
a census showing the attendance of the
different churohes in the city yesterday. Ten churches total morning attendance, 1,106 males, 1,170 females;
evening attendance, 1,147 males, 1,026
While Thos. Ryan, and niece, Miss
Elliott, were driving from Cedar Hill
this morning the horse ran away. Tho
occupants of tho buggy were
thrown out, and both severely but not
seriously injured,
The Kamloops Sentinel says: A
party of jolly good fellows and a number of no less jolly yonng ladies took
advantage of sleighing and had an outing on Monday evening. The outing
was made more pleasant, probably,
when they lost themselves on the reserve and further progress was stopped
by running againBt the base of the
mountain. An hour or more prospecting brought the party safely out of
the difficulty and while tho episode
was enjoyed heartily, it is not safe to
make any remarks rogarding it in the
hoaring of those who shared in it.
___ »^«	
Matters are said to be promising in
the Toad Mountain mining district for
the coming season, Thero nre threo
saw mills going in to bo locatod somewhere among the camps, and a 150
ton steamer ia to be built on Kootenay
lake by a Portlander. As soon aa ice
goes out it is expeoted there will be
1000 tons of high grade oro, worth 100
to 300 ounces per ton, ready for ship-
mont,— Sentinel
late Despatches.
Washinoton, Jan. 22.—At this
evening's session of the woman suffrage
convention Mrs. Abigail Scott Duni
way, of Oregon, said the woman suffragists were not here to array women
against men. The work in Oregon,
she Baid, had been from the first political. She described the struggle for
a constitutional amendment in that
state. When the point wns almost
gained, she asserted, the W.O.T.U.
ruined the work by declaring that
suffrage meant prohibition, although
the suffragists had never affiliated with
the wore of the tariff.
Pittsburo, Pa., Jan. 22,—Edward
James, a prominent English tin-plate
manufacturer, iB in the city looking up
a location for the Pope Iron & Tin
Plate Oo. of Tipton, England, which it
is proposed to move here. Mr. James
Btated to a dispatch reporter that over
$1,000,000 had been contributed by
English tin-plate manufacturers and
merchants to defeat the clause in the
senate tariff bill imposing a duty on
tin plate, and this sum bad been
judiciously placed in the hands of
lobbyists for that purposo. In the
event of the passage of tho bill the industry will likely be wound up in England and many workers will flock to
this country,
San Franoisoo, Jan.'22.—The Examiner Bays on November 30 the boot
and shoe manufacturing firm of S. W.
Rosenstock & Oo., of this city, desiring to send $1,000 to one of its correspondents in an interior town in
California, tied up the money, which
was in $20 gold pieces, in a piece of
canvas with a tag attached and Bent it
to the postoflico by a boy and mailed
it, since which nothing has been seen
of the money, and though inspectors
have been at work and the postoffiee
attaches have been vigorously examined, no clue as to how tho missing
package disappeared has been developed, .'
Indianapolis, Jan. 23.—It is discovered thst two of the members of the
grand jury have been appointed assistant doorkeepers of the legislature since
they began their grand jury work. It
is believed lhat it will invalidate all
of the indictments found.
150,000 for irrigation.
Washington, Jan. 23.—The appropriations committee of the house decided to allow $160,000 for the continuance of the work of surveying and locating sites for irrigating the lands of
the West. The house then went into
committee of the whole on the sundry
civil bill.
Riley, Kans., Jan. 23.—On Monday evening Samuel Hatton, a railroad
man, who failed to make an impression
on Mrs. Beal, a married woman, shot
and killed her and the child which she
carried in her arms.
Shinandoah, Pa., Jan. 23.—War
between Italian and Hungarian laborers reached a settlement near Barry's
station, two miles from here, last
night and a bloody fight followed, in
whicli several of the contestants were
badly used up and one Hungarian
burned to death in a shanty which waB
fired by the Italians during the progress of the fight.
Indianapolis, Jan. 23.—Mrs,
Louise Wright, living in Monroe County, was brutally whipped by White
Caps last night. She had received
within the past week threatening letters warning herself and husband to
leave the county, and the only known
reason is some idle reports which were
circulated about her character before
marriage. The authorities say they
will investigate the matter.
Gainesville, Tex., Jan. 24.—A
company of United States troops arrived at Purcell, Indian Territory, yesterday, from Fort Reno, crossed the
Canadian river and proceeded to put
the "boomers" out of the Oklahoma
country. Orer 600 families were
driven out, and they are now encamped around Purcell. Some of tho people resisted and had to bo tied to a
wagon, and were pulled out in this
New Yore, Jan. 24.—The Pullman
Palace Oar Oompany yesterday acquired control of all the parlor car companies doing business in this country,
with tho oxception of Wagner, whose
operations are confined to the Vanderbllt lines. Pullman has agreed that
the total amount of money involved in
the deal should be paid in Wall street
to-day. The anticipation of thia big
transaction has been stirring the operators on tho Stock Exchange for some
time. The stock advanced fifty points
without a break, and is now 190.
Washington, Jan. 24.—The house
committee on foreign affairs to-day,
with only one dissenting vote—that of
Russell of Massachusetts, who has opposed the resolution from tho first-
ordered a favorable report to be made
upon the senato resolution relative to
European participation in the construction of the Panama canal. There
was bittor discussion. The matter
having boen fully gone into at two
previous sessions the subject is not
privileged for consideration under the
rules of the house, but sn offort will
be made to havo it so. ,
Toronto, Jan. 24,—The Ontario
legislature met to-day. Following is
the lieut,-governor's speeoh from the
throne: Mr. Speaker and gentlemen
of the legislative assembly, Ihavo
much pleasure in again welcoming you
to your annual duties as representatives
of the provinco in parliament assembled. I congratulate you on tho recent
decision of the judicial commission of
her majesty's privy council, confirming
the right of the province to the crown
lands including Umber and minerals
situate within the provincial boundaries as deolarcd in 1884 by the decision
of their lordships and the order of her
majesty in council. Tho principal obstacles which have hitherto retarded
the settlement and development of our
northern territory have thus been removed. I have the pleasure of informing you that there is a fair prospect of
our northerly boundary, as well as our
westerly boundary, being satisfactorily
settled by imperial statue at the next
session of parliament. I am glad to
know that the agricultural industries
of the oountry have been fairly prosperous during the past year; that
though the early part of the season was
unfavorable and in some localities
crops and pastures were badly affected
by drought, yot that over the greater
portion of tho province cereals, roots
and fruits have been abundant and of
superior quality. The extensive areas
of land brought under cultivation during the last decade in India, South
America, the United States and our
own northwest make economy in production more essential to the farmers
of Ontario than ever beforo, and emphasize the importance of giving increased attention to the best means of
promoting the agricultural interests of
the country. Increased efficiency haB
been given by the legislation of last
session to the department nf agriculture throughout all its varied services,
and experience is already justifying
the policy of assigning to the department a minister free to devote to it his
whole energies, Acting upon a recommendation of the house 1 appointed
a commission last year to enquire into
the mineral resources of the province
and the best means for their development. Much valuable information haB
been gathered by the commission and
I have much reason to beliere that already its labors have resulted in drawing a large measure of attention to our
mineral wealth, I also deemed it
expedient to have the province represented at the Centennial exposition of
the Ohio valley and central states,
held at Cincinnati last summer, and
having in view tho special importance
of attracting foreign enterprise and
capital to our mining industry it was
determined to confine the exhibit to
minerals. There is reason to believe
that the object of the exhibit will be
to some extent realized in the near future. It is expected that the official
reports on both subjects will be completed nnd ready before the close of
the session, to bo laid before you with
the growth of the province and the increasing competition in overy department of industry. The necessity for
increased skill in various fields of
labor is constantly becoming more
urgent. The school of practical science
owing to its limited equipment and
stuff has so far met the demand inadequately although the school has
been efficient within the field which it
has occupied. A measure will be submitted to you for enlarging the staff,
increasing the usefulness of the school
in reference to mining matters and extending the carriculum so as to include
the study of applied mechanics, applied
chemistry and of architecture, according to the methods adopted by the best
Bchools of a similar kind in Great Britain and the U.S. An agreement of the
city of Toronto to permanently endow
two additional chairs in the provincial
university in settlement of certain
litigated questions between the eity
and the university will be submitted
for your approval and legislative sanction. Amongst the other measures to
be submitted for your consideration
are a new voters' list embodying with
the present law so far as its
application the provisions needed
for carrying inlo full effeot the legislation of last session. I regret also to
say that the questions between this
province and the province of Quebeo are unsettled. The intended arbitration provided in both provinces by
statute have not been proceeded with
in consequence of a difference as to
matters to be referred. My government desired that all unsettled matters
in dispute should be submitted, but
Quebec was not prepared prepared to
include the question of the land improvement fund or any matters except
such as relate to the school lands. I
hope that some satisfactory way of
removing the difficulties in the way of
a complete settlement may soon be
found. The publio accounts of the
province, showing the receipts and
expenditure for the past year, will be
promptly laid before you. I am glad
to say that the revenue has exceeded
the amount anticipated aud that the
aggregate expenditure has been kept
within the estimates. The estimates
for the expenditure of the current year
will at an early date be submitted for
your approval. They will be found to
have been prepared with all the economy consistent with the efficiency of
public service. I feel sure that your
legislative labors in disposing of all
matters which may come before you
will manifest the same caro and wisdom
as heretofore, I regret to say that the
oocounts between the Dominion and
the province are still unsettled. Sinco
the last session of the legislature a conference in connection with the accounts took place between the finance
minister and the treasurers of Quebeo
and Ontario. The conference lasted
several days and considerable progress
had been made when the work of the
conference was interrupted by representatives of the Dominion government taking an entirely new and unexpected position with respect to the interest on the credit of the province,
the new contention involving a difference to thia province of a large sum.
Representations have since been made
to the Dominion government by the
treasurers of the two provinces whioh
I hope may induce a reconsideration of
the matter and the acquiescence of the
Dominion government in the just demands of the provinces,
The Swiss Lakes of Neuchatel
and Biennis have yielded more than
19,500 bronze relics of the lake-
Spain furnishes nearly a third of
the world's production of lead. The
deposits are extremely numerous,
and the ore is of exceptional purity.
It is suggested that sounds too
high for our ears would be recorded
by the phonograph, and might be
made audible by reproducing at a
lower speed of the instrument.
For about six years the Eastern
Railway of France has used spring
traces on horses employed in shifting
freight cars. The cars start without jerk, with less fatigue to the
horses and less injury to the harness than before,
An international Congress of Geographers is to be held in Paris during the summer. Notices of the
geographical achievements of each
of their respective countries during
the last hundred years have been
invited from the geographical societies of the world.
The microscope is usually supposed to have been invented in 1621
by Cornelius Drebbel, a Dutchman;
but M. Govi has found an old book,
published in 1610, which proves
that Galileo must have originated
this instrument as well as the telescope, Galileo himself seems to
have referred to the microscope
in 1614.
Varieties op Maize.—There are,
according to Rev, Geo. Henslowe,
more than 100 varieties of maize,
which differ among themselves more
than those of any other cereal,
Some come to maturity in two
months; others require seven. Some
are as many feet high as others are
inches. Some have kernels eleven
times larger than others, They
vary similarly in shape and size of
ears, color of grain, and also in
physical and chemical composition.
Silver-Toned Rocks. — Near
Dinan, France, in a picturesque
spot on the shore of the Arcompound
are some boulders of amphibole (a
compound silicate of iron, man-
ganze and lime) which are remarkable for the clear silvery sounds
which may be obtained on striking
them with a piece of iron or a fragment of stone. The most sonorous
of the specimens weighs some seventy-five tons, and from a spur on
one end may be made to emit the
tones of a great bell struck with a
soft mallet. The sound is less from
other parts, and ynries in musical
quality to the dull thud. Tbe rooks
appear to have been derived from
an underlying stratum.
Potent Pius,—Chinese medicines
are said to be usually very cheap
and very nasty; but the physicians
have great confidence in the healing
properties of certain precious stones,
which they compound into some
unique and expensive preparations,
A mixture of white and red coral,
rubies and jacinth, pearls, emeralds,
musk, and one or two earths, all
pulverized and made into pills with
gum and rose-water and coated with
gold-leaf, is considered an infallible
cure for small-pox, measles, scarlet
fever, and all eruptive diseases. It
is affirmed that men in their death
struggles have been brought back to
strength by the wonderful powers
of this extraordinary  prescription.
An Englishman's Suggestion.—
The National Museum at Washington having announced an intention
of opening a department for exhibiting balloons and apparatus for traveling in the air, Mr. F, W. Brearey,
Secretary of the Aeronautical Society of Great Britain, questions the
value of the plan, for the reason
that the instructive results contained
in unsuccessful models are not
likely to be displayed by the disappointed experimenters. He recommends that Congress endow a committee to conduct experiments upon
the most promising suggestions for
support and propulsion in the air,
believing that snch work, under the
auspices of the world-respected
Smithsonian Institution, would be
the most effective aid that could be
rendered toward solving the problems
of aerial navigation.
Nowaok's Old Probabilities.—
Great possibilities lie in the well-
known sensitiveness to slight influences possessed by many plants,
and it was but natural to suspect
such vegetation of some weather-
indicating capabilities. Quite astonishing, however, are the results
lately recorded by Mr. J. F. Nowaok,
an Australian chemist, after three
years of study of a sensitive plant
from the tropics. The leaves of this
plant are in pairs on opposite sides
of the stem, and with varying
atmospheric conditions they describe
many different angles and curves,
from which rain, fair or clearing
weather, increasing or decreasing
oloudiness, coming thunderstorms,
earthquakes, winds and even their
force and direction, as well as rising
and falling temperature, have been
predioted with surprising aocuraoy
for at least two days in advance.
Prof. Weiss, of Prague, has traced
this sensitiveness to a hitherto unknown substance in the cells on the
upper side of the leaves.
Provision Made for HI. Guest by a Hospitable Rajah in Sumatra—Observations of tho Maori Oulilne.
A friend of the writer, who for more
than forty years has been in the employment ot the Dutch Government, bears
personal witness to the prevalence of cannibalism in Sumatra up to recent times.
He was once making scientific Investigations in the interior ot that island, and
was being entertained in the most hospitable manner by the native Rajah, or
chief ot the place be wbb then ln. A feast
had been made to which he was bidden,
and to which he went, taking his own native servant with him.
The banquet had proceeded for some
time without interruption, went at last,
as crown of the feast, a beautiful brown
roast joint was brought from the back of
the house to the open airy place where the
repast was being held.
This was cut up withont remark and
handed round, and the Dutch gentleman
was on the point of eating hfs portion,
having raised part of lt to his lips, when
his servant rushed forward and stopped
him, saying:
"Master, master, do sot eat; lt Is a
The chief, on being questioned, admitted, with no small pride at the extent
ot his hospitality, that hearing that the
white man would feast with him, he had
ordered a young boy to be killed and
cooked tn his honor, as the greatest delicacy obtainable, and that the joint before them was tbe best part, the thigh.
Early travelers in New Zealand always
express astonishment, when they discover
the cannibal propensities of the inhabitants, that so gentle and pleasant mannered a people could become on occasion
such ferocious savages.
Earle, who wrote a very readable, intelligent, and but little known account ot
the Maoris very early in the present century, speaks of the gentle manners and
kindly ways of a New Zealand chief,
whom afterward he discovered to bean
inveterate cannibal.
lie relates that he visited the place
where was cooking the body of a young
slave girl that bis friend had killed for
llio purpose. The head was severed from
the body; the four quarters, with tho
principal bones removed, were compressed and packed Into a small oveu iu
the ground, nnd covered with earth.
It was a case of unjustifiable cannibalism. No revenge was gratified by tho
deed, and no excuse could be made that
the body was eaten to perfect their triumph.
Earle says that he learned that lho
flesh takes many hours to cook, that it is
very tough if not thoroughly cooked, but
that it pulls in pieces, like a pieco of blotting paper, if well done. He continues
that the victim was a handsome, pleasant looking girl of 16, and oue he used
frequently to see about the Pah.—Gentleman's Magazine.    -
Th.M Aro Nol So Bad After AU Wh.n
Not Laced Too Tight
In tho Biographical Section of the re.
cent meeting of the British Association,
the vexed question of stays and tight lacing was discussed in a separate department. The attendance of the fair sex was
especially large. The general expectation
which they apparently entertained that
the paper wonld condemn the wearing of
stays was, however, agreeably disappointed.
Mr, C. S, Roy, Professor of Pathology
at Cambridge, and Mr. J. Q. Adams, University Administrator of Pathology, who
had announced a joint paper "On the
Physiological Bearing of Waist Belts and
Stays," blessed instead of banning these
They had lately been making some
pathological experiments, and 'had found
that a good deal of the blood stored uselessly iu the abdominal veins is, by .light
pressure, placed advantageously at the
disposal of the muscles, brain and skin.
This explains bow men, as well as women, Instinctively employ some method
ot abdominal compresslon.wearlng waistbands or belts, or the more elaborate
corsets, at periods of increased activity.
No doubt fashion hai sometimes led to
the distortion of the female figure by
means of stays, but if not laced too tight
the modern corset, by clasping the waist
and supporting the bosom and bock, constitutes a convenient combination of the
different forms of girdle which have been
found useful by the women ot all civil-,
ized nations from the remotest times.
Of course, during sleep they are put off,
but during hours of exertion, social or
otherwise,reasonable tight lacing la fitted
to increase mental and physical activity.
They, however, cautioned youug ladles
against carrying this to au injudicious
By the way, It was suggested to trainers of horses that if they girthed on the
racing saddle behind the ribs instead of
over them they would thereby gain for
the horse the same advantage as was
experienced by the long-distance runner
trom his broad tight leather-belt.
Several physicians immediately attacked the paper. -
Dr. Wilherforce Smith considered it a
most dangerous one to be read to an assembly like that. He declared the evils
of tight laclngto be manifold and terrible,
uud that it Is perfectly refreshing to find
a girl the muscles of whose back have
not been withered by wearing stays.
Miss Becker took the other side and
advocated rigid and not elastic stays, at
the same time giving her approval of
modern fashions as better than some
dress reforms.     | —-.
The Strango liberties He Took with a
Great Author*
I have heard ot all sorts of liberties
being taken with an author, but 1 don't
think that I ever heard of anything quite
as "cool" as the conduct of an enterprise
Ing editor of a certain youths' paper.
This worthy gentleman, in talking with
a friend, admitted that he took Bulwer's
novels, changed their names, cut out and
added chapters to adapt them to the tastes
of his readers, and ran them as serials in
his periodical.
The only honest thing abont this performance Is the abience of Bulwer's name
from the title pages of th.garbledstories.
This omlselon Is due, ot course, not to any
squeamishness on the editor's part, but
to his desire to make the stories appear to
totm.o&.vitipti?!QdeB. Weekly British Columbian
Wednesday Horning, Jan. SU,
The secrets of much success in
this world are cash, confidence,
cheerfulness, and  constnnoy.—Ex.
The commercial travellers of tho
United States spend two hundred
and fifty millions of dollars a year
for railroad fares and,hotel accomodation.
A little girl of :Boston who recently wrote a composition about Dr.
Holmes remarked that "he was for
several years professor of monotony
at the college."
Jay Gould is said to be somewhat
of an artist. It is well known that
he oan reproduce bonds in water
color so faithfully that even old
stock traders sometimes buy them
for ths genuine article.
Olyclones have their good sido,
says an exchange. Thero is an old
lady in Brooklyn, N.Y., who hadn't
walked without crutches for ten
years. She forgot them when she
heard the cyclone coming : and has
been able to walk as well as anybody
ever since.
An exchange says: Marriage is
not a failure, provided you can
marry the right party. There are
over 3,000,000 women in the United
States who work at different trades
for their living; Any one of them
ought to support a husband who is
not extravagant in his habits,
A deputation of citizens has
waited on Premier Mowat, of Ontario, to present a petition for exemption from taxation of buildings up
to tho value of $600. The objeot is
to encourage workmen to own homes
for themselves. Mr. Mowat said
the matter would be brought up
next session.
An exchange, under the head of
"Odd Happenings," says that not a
dollar of conscience money has been
receivtd at the U. S. national treasury for two years. A reward is
offered for any one who can see anything odd about the foregoing fact.
The surplus must be kept down in
some manner.
The report of the Begistar-Gen-
eral just issued in England states
the present population of England
and Wales to be 28,150,169. The
death rates continues to fall slightly,
and the birth rate keeps high, so
that despite the large emigration
the English people show no signs of
declining in the home of the  race.
Quebec is greatly agitated over a
marriage question. A short time
since two Roman Catholics, both of
age, were married by a Protestant
clergyman, and it is now contended
by the friends of the bride, who has
left her husband, that the marriage
was not legal, and an action to test
the question has been entered in
the Supreme Oourt.
Says an exchange: Steve Brodie,
the bridge jumper, will shoot the
Genesee falls. He will probably
wear a hunting jacket on the occasion; but in the meantime Sam Patch,
who lost his life in attempting the
foolhardy aot at the same place, will
no doubt be standing at the head of
the golden stairs to welcome the
soul of a f eUow crank.
The British Board of Trade emigration returns for the past, year just
completed show a remarkable steadiness, the total outgo being 280,000,
compared with 281,487 in 1887.
There is a marked decline in emigration to the States and Australia,
the former having deoreased 6,566
and the latter 2,961. Emigration
to Oanada increased 3,000.
The eclipse party that went to
Willows bad a sumptuous lunch in
their car. They took in the eclipse
from the first contact to the last,
and then with sharpened appetites
sought their oar, to find that it had
been raided by tramps and everything eaten and drunk to the last
bite and sup. So what they gained
inastronomy they lost in gastronomy
and were sad.-—&
Captain Paul Boy ton's sea serpent
is now attracting attention. A
venturesome reporter reaching over
the rail protecting the monster from
digital investigation, struok the
back of the breast with his knuckles,
and there was a hollow vibration
sound such as might be produced by
knocking on wood. There appears
to be a great deal of hollow mockery
associated with the sea serpent.
A Chicago paper wants to see a
man drop five miles from a balloon,
We'd like to furnish the man. He
is the man who carefully olosed the
office door all summer, but who now
leaves it open.—Ex. That man is
in British Oolumbia just now, and
will be forwarded to the balloon
grounds, on application, as fast
freight, together with the man who
hasn't settled up at this office for
last year yet.
The American cruiser Vesuvius
made her third trial trip recently.
She was guaranteed to go twenty
knots an hour, She accomplished
22.947 knots with the wind and
tide, 20.346 against them, mean 21.-
646. It is claimed that these are
the fastest rates yet made by any
vessel, But in a list of war vessels
now being constructed for the British navy are twelve guaranteed to
exceed twenty-one knots.
Two gentlemen went to a spiritualist seance, says an exchange, and
agreed to pay a guinea each if
allowed to converse with departed
friends. One called for the spirit
of his sister Nelly, and it came out
and spoke to him. The other asked
for his uncle John, and was astonished at hearing his relative's voico
in the darkened room. The first
man never had a sister, and the
other man's uncle was not dead.
Lord Wolseley. in an article on
the battle of the future, declares that
one remarkable change will be the
absence of nearly all terrific noise
which the discharge of five or six
hundred field guns and the roar of
musketry causes in all great battles,
Tho sound of cannon will be slight,
and will no longer indicate to distant
troops where their comrades are
engaged or the point upon which
they  should  consequently  march.
Says an exchange: On December
12 last, one of the 48 ton breechloader guns of the French battle ship
Admiral Duperro burst, while firing
at a target off Toulon. An officer
and five men were killed. This gun
was one of the finest examples of
the built-up system, of which many
disastrous failures aro on reoord.
Those who brag so much about these
guns, and are so ready to denounce
cast guns, have considerable stiU
to learn.
Says the Witness: The New
York Herald says that if Canada
cannot consent to become Uncle
Sam's wife, she might at least make
the usual offer to be a sister to him.
That is exactly what Oanada does
offer. Our relations, she tells him,
can never, never be conjugal, but
they can be sweetly and profitably
reciprocal. But Uncle Sam sulks
and is ungallant enough to think
that if he declines the fraternal
relation she will be worried into
becoming his wife. He ought to be
ashamed of himself.
The Mail facetiously observer:
There is something in a name, and
John seems to be about as useful a
one as a young Oanadian can have.
John A. Macdonald, John Rose,
John S. D. Thompson, John Allen,
John W. Dawson, and Eichard
John Cartwright have all within
recent years received favours from
the crown in the shape of knighthoods, and it is probable that John
A. Chapleau, John H. Pope, John
Oarling, and John Joseph Caldwell
Abbott will be added tothe list of
knights "ere long."
Imperial Borne, the city of the
Caesars, after a long sleep is giving
signs of activity and progress.
During tho past twenty years $27,-
000,000 has been spent in improvements, the population has increased
from 244,000 to 379,000, and the
ancient city is fast giving way before
the march of modern improvements.
Eighty-two miles of new streots
have been laid out, and over 3,000
new buildings have been built The
danger is that all the old landmarks
will be ruthlessly destroyed in the
course of the modernizing tendency.
Tho World, newspaper, of Now
York, is about to rival the past
enterprise of the Herald, and proposes to send an expedition in search
of Stanley and Emin Bey. It has
engaged to lead the expedition Mr.
Thomas A. Stevens, who is now on
his way to Zanzibar, first to find the
lost explorers, and then to write the
horrors of the slave trade in the
interests of the anti-slavery crusade
so admirably begun ' by Cardinal
Lavigerie, Primate of Africa. The
undertaking will bo a costly one,
but the World will reap a harvest of
praise and fame.
Tho Halifax Critic, which may be
considered an authority on the question dealt with, says: We need not
expect to see Newfoundland become
a portion of the Dominion for many
a day. The merchants of St. Johns
fear tho competition of Halifax and
Montreal in the outports, and so
long as their influence remains as
powerful as it now is they will kill
out any movement towards confederation just as they did last
summer. At the same time we
believe the majority of the people
of Newfoundland are at heart favorable to confederation.
According to Mr. H. V. Knaggs
(Archives of Peaiatrks), a few
threads of Berlin wool placed round
the neck and worn continuously are
an efficient preventive against those
incommoding complaints, which
many persons are so prone to catch
on exposure to cold. From ten to
twenty threads are enough for the
purpose, They should only be
removed for making ablution., and
should be left off gradually by discarding daily one thread at a time.
The remedy probably acts by keeping up a belt of skin action, thus
acting mildly and continuously as a
slight conntor-irritant.
An amusing incident ocourred in
tho course of the Governor-General's
reception at Ottawa on New Year's
day. After Professor Wiggins had
been introduced to his excellency and
was passing the crown ministers
with a bow, Sir John nimbly stepped
forward, and offering his hand, said,
aloud : "Why, Wiggins, you go by
like a comet!" This created a suppressed laugh, in which hisexcellency
joined, but the professor was equal
to the occassion, for he said :
"Comets always, go swiftly by the
sun," Subsequently he remarked
that he was greatly obliged to the
prime minister for catching him at
The Vienna correspondent of the
Times says: American couples
about to travel in Austria ought to
take with them their marriage
certificates. An American lady recently gave birth to a child here,
and the father, accompanied by witness, went to register the birth.
Owing to the absence of a marriage certificate the clerk said he
must record the birth as illegitimate
and the only concession made, after
much expostulation, was the substitution of the word "doubtful" for
"illegitimate." Further, on being
told that the parents belonged to
the Anglican church the clerk wrote
down, "No religion."
Baron Ledlitz, who is shortly to
marry Miss Roosevelt, of New York,
will, wear his Gorman offioer's uniform at the wedding. This is at
the request of Miss Roosevelt, who
wished her friends to see what a
handsome man ho is. To make this
possible he had to got the consent of
Emperor William. This was at
first refused, but the Emperor, on
learning how much Miss Roosevelt
was interested in the matter, graciously consented. It is a gorgeous
uniform. Speaking of it recently to
a friend the Baron said : "It is
trimmed wiz ze fur of ze little American monkey colled ze chunk." The
Baron does not know as much about
natural history as he does about war.
Probably for the first time in the
history of Ottawa the liquor license
law was observed there on Sunday
the 13th inst., and the back as well
as the front doors of bar-rooms
throughout the city were olosed.
This was not tho result of any
vigialnce on the part of the license
inspectors, who have never succeeded
in causing the slightest respect to be
paid to the law, but to the voluntary
act of the hotel and saloon keepers,
sixty-eight of whom signed an
address to their patrons that in
future they intended to olose their
bars at seven o'clock Saturday night
and keep them closed until six
o'clock on Monday morning. These
notices can be seen in almost every
bar-room in the city and are probably without intention, a curious
reflection on the manner in which
the law has been enforced, or rather
not enforced, in that oity,—Ex.
Here is an anecdote apropos of
New Year's day and its delights nnd
trials. A rich banker enters his
office on the last morning of the old
yearand heaps his warmest congratulations on the head of the cashier,
who on Jan. I celebrates the
twenty-fifth anniversary of his employment by the firm. After the
banker has exhausted his stock of
fair phrases he graciously hands his
employee an envelope, saying,
"Here is a keepsake for you in
memory of your jubilee." The man
takes the envelope, mutters many
words of thanks, but does not dare
to open it. "Open it," the banker
says, encouragingly. This is done,
and—the photograph of tho donor
is found inside. The cashier remaining.silent with astonishment,
his employer says:—"Well, what
do you say to it 1" "All I can say,"
is the reply of the unhappy mnn,
"is that it is very much like  you."
A very excellent suggestion has
been made, whioh, if carried
out, would tend to do away with
much of the opposition to prison
labor that is expressed by workmen.
It is that the prisoners should be
kept at work upon diversified industries. Thus the shoe manufacturer would experience no tangible
competition, and tho foundryman
would not have the somewhat just
grounds for complaint whieh have
been afforded him in the past. Tbe
proposed system would be beneficial
in all Bave one aspect. It would
prevent the prison labor from being
so profitable as it is now. But as
prisons should be conducted for the
protection of the community and
reformation of the criminal, Buch a
consideration is of very little weight.
The various lines of industry would
be adapted to tho different intelligences of the convict, and when he
left the prison the trade learned
there would not bo branded as a
"state prison trade."
As a substitute for granite blocks,
steel paving, sayB the New York
Sun, is attracting considerable attention, its durability being said to be
quite a point in its favor, and its
cost being somewhat less. It consists of steel strips about 2 J inches
wide nnd 1 inch thiok, rolled
a channel on the side exposed to
traffic, and with notches about 6
inches apart; these strips weigh 11
pounds to the yard, are laid across
the street a distance of about 5
inches between centres, and their
length is only sufficient to
extend to the middle of the street,
so that the proper slope from the
centro to tho gutters can be secured,
They aro bolted together, so as to
insure them against lateral slipping,
and are fastened to wooden sills,
A firmly constructed bed of grave]
composes the support of this pave-
ment, whilo between the steel strips
a mixture of pitch and cement is
poured, filling the interstices to a
level with the tops of the strips,
and rendering the surface comparatively fruooth.
It appears, says an exchange, that
the experiment of petticoat government in the municipality of Oska-
loosa, Kansas, has turned out a
great success. After an experience
of six months under the benign and
impartial sway of the new regime
the citizens, it is said, find reason to
congratulate themselves on the step
they took with fear and trembling
when they elected to the council a
woman mayor and five women councillors. Until the ladies made their
appearance at the oouncil board
Oskaloosa had been a singularly
disorderly and im moral placo. Now
everything but churches, drug
stores, and hotels, have to-be closed
from Saturday niglit till Monday
morning, and the laws and ordinances are administered with strict
impartiality, contractors' rings have
been demoralized and broken up,
"dead-heads" banished, and the
illegal sale of liquor stamped out.
IConsas is now willing to enter its
petticoat government for a prize,
and back it for money against any
municipal government in the world.
An exchange relates the following :
A man named Alexander McGovan,
engaged iu the Wellington (New
Zealand) harbour improvement
works, has just had a remarkable
encounter with an octopus. The
information is dated the 3rd ult.,
and says that MoGovan went down
in his diving dress for the purpose
of setting some large blocks under
the water in which piles had been
previously drivea As McGovan
was in the act of placing one of the
blocks, he was seized by an immense
octopus. The monster fastened on
to the piles at the same time.
McGovan at first made an attempt
to get clear, but the more he fought
with the octopus the moro he found
that it was useless, as its grip
became stronger. He then wisely
desisted, and in a few moments had
the satisfaction of knowing that the
octopus had released its grasp of the
piles. This was no sooner done
than MoGovan gave the signal to
be hauled up. His signals wore
quickly responded to, and up went
the diver with the creature on his
back, Its legs measured nine feet
long. McGovan certainly had a
narrow escape, and it was only by
his discreet quietness that he turned
the tables on tho octopus.
The gathered statistics of the
word show, it is claimed, that a
woman has a greater tenacity of
life than man, and that Hebrew
women are the longest lived of any
race. Then, too, among insects, the
male perishes at a relatively earlier
period; in plants, the seminate blossoms die earliest, and are produced
in the weaker limbs; and female
quadrupeds hdvo more endurance
than males. In the human race,
despite the intellectual and physical
strength of the man, the woman
endures longest, and will bear pain
to which the strong man succumbs.
Zymotic diseases aro more fatal to
males, and more male children die
than females. Deverga asserts that
tho proportion dying suddenly is
about one hundred women and sovon
hundred men. Intemperance,
apoplexy, gout, hydrocephalus, affec-
tiohs of the heart or liver, scorfula,
paralysis are far more fatal to males
than females; while plumonary consumption, on the other hand is more
deadly to the latter; females in oities
being more prone to this disoase
than are those in tho country.
Though there are from two to six
percent moro males bom than
females, yet there is an excess of
more than six percent of females in
the living population,
Chilliwhack Council.
Tho municipal council of Chilliwhack
held thoir regular meeting Jan, 21st.
Present, His Worship Reeve Cawley and
Couns. Armstrong, Kennedy, Wilder
and Wells. At 12 o'clock the retiring
council adjourned, and at 1 o'clock p.m.
tho newly elected council took their
seats. Present, Rcovo Cawley, and
Couii3, Armstrong, Kennedy, Bayley,
Keoco and Llckmot-e. Petitions: From
the residents on the Evans road, asking
for a change in tho location of tho same;
from the settlers on the O. C. road,
risking that it ho gazetted GO feet wide,
Tho following bills were read and ordered paid; B ,C. Gazette, $80; B. Bartlett, $250; H. Wobb, $40; S. Mellaril, $ti;
J. Munzio, $10.75; S. A. Cawley, $10.
Auditors report was read, and 011 motion
adopted. Council adjourned to meet on
with I Feb, 4th, at 10 o'elook, a.m.
■^J" line to meet the different arrangements now
and now offer the largest stock of HEATING and A
STOVES and RANGES ever imported into the Pro,i
We sell three carloads of Stoves to one sold by aj\
B. C.-j which speaks for itself. Intending buyers wif)
their interests by giving us a call. No trouble tog
goods or quote prices. 7
Water St., VANCOUVER. Colnmbla St., WEST*
dwnolyl j
H. T. READ &
(Masonic Block, Columbia Street.)
Largest Stock of CROSS-CUT SAWS in thel
We keep the finest Stock of BUILDERS
WARE in the province. |
We have on hand a large stock of Magnetic Oxide Flrc-pril
warranted 92 per ct, pure oxide, So high a grade Bold by no other housj
sar-During tho yoar that we havo opened we have materially reduces]
everything in our lino, and hope by strict attention to business to reed
uanec of the publio patronage.
Front St., NewWestminster, B.C.  1
M.^N-rj'IE-.A.CratXKSlBS   OH1 '
Brass and Iron Castings made to 0
P. S.—All orders from the upper country promptly attended to.
it im
HEAD OFFICE, - 56 New Broad St. • LONDON;
Tho Business of ALLSOP & MASON has been merged in the ab
and will be carried on by the Company from-thia date as a general ian
and Insurance Agonay.
MONEY TO LOAN on Mortgage at Low Ratal. Town Loti
Lands for Sale on easy terma,
Victoria B, O;, May 16th, 1887.
Just Opened To-I
pressly for the Holiday Trade, consisting of Mer
Calf and Cordovan Bals (hand-made), $4.50 per pair;
Slippers, &c, which will be sold away down. Call an
Grand Discount S
GRANT &~"~
Columbia Street,       -      New Westminst
WEEKLY BRITISH OOLUM /eekly British Columbian
I Wednesday Morning. Jan.
(From Daily Columbian, Jan, 29.)
Mr. D. Chiaholm, M.P., nnd Miss
Dhisholm have arrived safely at Ot-
The quarantine on the Squamish
diver Indiana haa been raised and their
ibid effects deatroyed to prevent any
possibility of the disease spreading
Istill further.
A. Tenasse says he has raised and
[eaten new potatoes already this year.
She "spuds" grew on his ranch near
the oity, from "volunteers." Nothing
[small about our climate.
A big light occured in the swamp
Jthis afternoon among a lot of Indians
■who had been drinking heavily.   Une
piwash was very, badly punished.   The
iolice will make some arrests.
It is likely the city fathers will take
Action in the court house and registry
bffice matter, as well oi the necessity
lor an immigration agent and  a resi-
■dent judge for the oity of Vancouvor.
|The board ot trade Is said lo be moving
|ln the matter also.—World.
Ex-Chief Justice Richards died nt
[Ottawa on Saturday morning, aged
174 years, from an attack of diabetes.
■His son Mr, S. 0. Richards, of Van-
Icouver, was present. The late ohief
[was a learned jurist and leaves behind
Ihlm an honorable record.
Improvements aud enlagements are
still going on at tho Royal City Planing
Milla. An addition of 60 feot to the
mill is now being erected, which when
famished with machinery will add
80,000 feet per day to the out-put of
the establishment. Work on the
machine shops ia progressing rapidly.
The revival services which are being
held from night to night at the Baptist
church are well attended and a good
interest prevails. Last night the Cowboy spoke of "Ood and His goodness
to man" nnd was attentively listened
to. Mr. Baldwin also gave a very interesting exhortation. The meetings
commence at 7:30 o'clock,
The man named "Steve" who was
released from the Asylum last summer
is becoming violent again and should
be locked up. Last evening he chased
two ladies from the school grounds
down to Oolumbia street, and one of
them passed the whole'night in a somi-
hysturical state, the result of her
fright. The police should take tliis
man in charge.
The Vancouver World is still clumsily endeavoring to disentangle Use'!
from the net of rash assertions it made
concerning the returning officer in the
Westminster civio elections and the
representative of Tuk Columbian. It
seems to annoy the World to think
that The Columbian was printed and
on sale, with the election returns, before the returning officer announced
the result. The Columbian is alive
to its interests and to the interests of
the city, and if tho World cannot compete with ua inthe enterprise it should
take its medicine like a man and not
endeavor by a side issue to sneak out
of the trouble it brought upon itself.
First Meeting or Ibe New Itoard or Al.
ilcriiien and the Businoss tlicy
Mayor Hendry's Inaugural Address t
Grand Effort.   A Careful Summary
or the City's Wants.
The new city council met last night
at 8 o'elook for the transaction of business. An unusually large audience
was present, attracted, no doubt, by
the announcement that Mayor Hendry
would deliver his inaugural address.
Before tho proceedings commenced
Mr. Robson, city clork, read the report
of the returning officer in the lato civic
elections. Present, Aldermen Curtis,
Ewen, Calbick, Scoullar, Reid, McPhaden, Townsend, Cunningham and
His Worship Mayor Hendry announced that ho wished,before taking;
up business matters, to address the
board on some points whioh he asked
them to take Into consideration. The
address waa as follows:—
Gentlemen:—Before entering upon
the business of a new civio year, it
may be proper for me, as presiding
officer, to refer briefly to some of the
questions which I think ought to engage your earnest attention. As this
is tho first timo 1 havo had the honor
of occupying the position to which the
people of this city have just been good
enough to elect me, it will not be
necessary to refer particularly to paat
records. It will be our duty to take
up and carry to completion any unfinished schemes left by tho Iuto council whicli may recommend themselves
to our judgment, and to address ourselves with energy to tho inauguration
and oarrying on of whatever new enterprise may be called for by the rapid
expansion nud growing importance uf
our fair city. We have just entored
upon a now era in our civio history,
and it remains largely with you, gentlemen, whether it shall not bo marked
as a new era in our commercial history
as well. Tho new oharter underwhioh
the affairs of this oity are hereafter to
be administered gives larger powers of
notion than havo hitherto been enjoyed, and it will bo ours to see that
this increased authority and frsodom
are used in auohaway as to promote tho
oity's best interests. Among tho subjects that will olaim your attention
first is
It is a matter uf regret to many citizens that tho clauses of this act hnd
not roceived moro consideration boforo
it was placed in tho statute book, for
we nil know now mnny changes will bu
necosenry before the new machinery
can bo mado to work with lho smooth
ness and harmony so much desired. I
would recommend you to Btudy the
charter carefully, so that the needed
amendments may be intelligently
placed before the legislature. And
while we are amending it may be
proper for you to consider whether the
boundaries of the city might not be
further enlarged so as to include aU
the territory shown on the official map.
I am of opinion that this could be
done without prejudice to any public
or private interest.
will necessary claim a first place in the
programmo for the year. This is the
largest undertaking ever assumed by
any municipal corporation in British
Columbia, and it is expected to add
vastly to the rapidly increasing importance of tho city, and place it first
among the cities of this province in
respect to commercial and manufacturing advantages. As an expression of
the publio mind respecting this enterprise, you have before you the by-laws
passed almoat unanimously by the
ratepayers guatsnteeing a bonus of
$150,000 ; and it will be the duty of
the couucil to see that the city receives
the fullest possible value for this large
expenditure, and that the taxes necessary to meet the debentures and intereat are so adjusted as to impose the
least possible burden upon the people.
will demand your careful attention
during the whole of the year. The
enlargement of our boundaries makes
it imperative that many new streets
shall bo opened up, and the credit of
our city demands the completion of
soveral streets whioh for many years
have been suffered to remain in a half
finished condition. The appropriation
available for street work this yesr
must, therefore, be greatly increased.
As the era over which these works
must bc spread is now quite extensive,
snd the works themselves promise to
bo on a larger scale than those of any
former year, it will be well to consider
whether the time has not arrived when
the city should secure the services of a
competent civil engineer as a permanent officer of the corporation, whose
duty it would be to take charge of all
public works.
The city having obtained possession of
a portion of the reserve laid out by
Ool. Moody as a public park, I am of
opinion that the council ahould take
steps this year to improve and beautify
that possession so as to make it attractive and suitable as a place of
recreation. In connection with this it
is to be remembered that the next provincial exhibition is to be held in thia
city next fall, and the exhibition
buildings will probably be located on
the park grounds. 1 would recommend that immediato steps be taken,
therefore, to have these grounds made
available for this, and for the purpose
for whioh they were originally intended.
Neither the time nor the resources of
this oouncil will be sufficient to carry
out all the works urgently required,
and it may bo found impossible this
year to establish a complete system of
water-works and sewerage. Nevertheless I think it proper to recommend
you carefully to consider these very
important works, and, if possible, so
mature plans for their construction
that your successors may find at least
the foundation laid upon which they
shall be able to build without misgiving. This is a matter in which you
would be greatly assisted by the city
engineer if you think proper to make
such un appointment,
It is scarcely creditable to a oity of the
size and importance of Westminster
that it should possess no better city
hall than the one in which we nre now
sitting. The clerical duties connected
with the administration of the affairs
of the corporation aro continually increasing, and our present buildings
provido neither adequate accomodation for the civic officers nor ordinary
safety for its valuable books and papers. 1 recommend to your consideration the ereotion of a suitable oity hall;
and I am inclined to think it might be
so arranged that the interest on the
investment could be more than mot by
the income derived from rents. It
may be best to consider the question
of a market in connection wilh that of a
oity hall, and I hope you will give this
your careful attention also. Our city
stands in the centre of the finest agricultural district in British Oolumbia,
and it ought to be one of your first
courses to secure and maintain the
trade of the farmers by whom we are
surrounded. If you think the establishment nf a market would tend in
this direction, let us have a market.
With tho majostio Fraser flowing
past our doors, it would not bo possible to out off our city from easy access tu othor parts of tlio country, but
thero is great need, nevertheless, that
the commercial avenues through whicli
trado may pass to and from us should
he increased and improved. Through
the energy of some i.f our citizens the
work «f improving the navigation of
the Fraser River is already well advanced, and wo have seen some of tho
fruits of that energy in the presenco of
sea-going vossols at our wharves.
Those improvements ought to havo the
constant attention oftho city couucil
until they have been carried out so as
to admit to the Fraaer, without hindrance, tho lurgost ships afloat. Your
^attention will also be callod to the importance of establishing a daily mail
and traffic route between this city and
tlio flourishing,agricultural municipality of Richmond. A petition will bo
laid beforo you asking for tho opening
Up of tho North Arm road. It has also bton proposed to build a bridge
river llm North Arm at the hearl of
Lnli: Island and connoct it with tilt
rand now partly construct ed running
rast antl west through that islnnd. It
is believed that under certain conditions the provincial government would
aid either one or both of the schemes!
by a grant of money, or land, or both.'
It may be well for you to consider the
propriety of following out the suggestion1
of the board of trade by offering a subsidy for a daily steamboat servico to thi
North Arm settlements, ion will
also have to consider the question ol
winter navigation on the river.
The mode of assessment hitherto pursued must bs changed. The aggregate
of our assessable property under that
system presents a ridiculous exhibit,
and does serious injustice to the credit
of our city. I am of opinion that a
fair and reasonable assessment would
show an aggregate of at least  $2,500,-
000 on the roll. I need not tell yon
that an increase in the value of assessable property does not imply increased
taxation, but as the assessment goes
up the rate goes down. I would
strongly recommend a thorough revision of the roll, and the assessment of
all property at its actual value. You
ought to consider, also, whether the
value of real property should not Include improvements thereon. So far
as I have been able to learn there are
only two cities in the Dominion where
improvements are not assessed. It has
been hinted already that the requirements of the city are now suoh as to
demand a very much larger revenue.
The various enterprises already referred to show where much of the increased revenue might be wisely applied. It will bo for you to consider,
also, whether substantial inducements
should not be offered for the establishment of other manufacturing Indus-
tries the promotion of which would be
in the city's interest.
1 would recommend the various
standing committees to study carefully
the matters pertaining to the committees, and to establish, if possible, a
more consise and expeditious system
under whioh to carry on the publio
business of the city. The affairs of a
corporation should be, as far as possible, conducted upon the same general principles as govern the conduot of
private enterprises. I am very glad
that the ratepayers have seen fit to
select nine gentlemen of such well
known business ability to assiat me in
administering the civic government at
a time when the city needs the best
available talent, and I am confident
yon will be able to (resent a statement at the end of the civicyear which
shall give ample proof of the wisdom
of this election. Let me counsel you
to put aside all considerations of a
personal nature, and let us address
ourselves honestly and earnestly to
the duties which lie before us, without
fear, favor or affection. Nature has
bestowed upon us a rich and valuable
heritage, and it is left to our judgment and industry so to use the
abundant resources within our reach
that the Royal Oity may assume and
maintain the position of our high dee-
tiny— the premier city of British Columbia.   (Applause).
John Hendry,
The standing committees were chosen
as follows:—
Finance-—Alderman Curtis, Scoullar
and Jaques.
Boord of works—Aldermen Jaques,
Calbick snd Cunningham.
Fire and Light—Aldermen Reid,
McPhaden and Townsond.
Police—Aldermen Ewen, Jaques,
Curtis, Cunningham and Townsend
Health—Aldermen Townsend, Ewen
and McPhaden.
Water and Sewerage — Aldermen
Scoullar, Reid and Curtis.
Park—Cunningham, Ewen, Scoullar,
Calbick and Reid.
From B. Douglas, president of the
Southern Railway, asking the corporation to select the site for the railway
workshops as per agreement between
the city and the company, tho latter
being desirous to have plans, etc., im
mediately preparod for the erection of
the shops. Referred to board uf works
to report on,
From Capt. Pittendrigh, asking for
the position of police magistrate. Received and filed.
From W. Norman Bole, stating that
if any amendments are necessary to
the city charter steps will have to be
taken immediately. Laid on the
From Woods, Turner & Gamble,
asking for the positions of city treasurer
and city surveyors. The clerk was instructed lo inform the above firm that
another appointment had been made.
From Woods, Turner & Gamble,
reporting on sidewalk grade in front of
Mr. T. J. Trapp's building.   Received,
From the Coquitlnm Water Works
Co., offering to supply the city with
water on certain conditions. Referred
to the water committeo.
From the secretary of tho board of
trade, enclosing a resolution passed by
that body urging the Dominion government to subsidize the Southern Railway to the extent of $3,200, and that
the council puss a similar resolution.
Aid. Curtis moved, seconded by Aid.
Scoullar, (hat our representative, Mr.
Chislinlni, be requested to apply for
the subsidy as above.
From Mrs. Emma Gold, asking for
certain improvements necessary to laying a sidewalk in front of her property.
Referred to board of works.
From A. M. Herring, returning account from Davie & Pooley and stating that the council was liablo for the
From ex-Mayor Dickinson, enclosing return ot officers elected to the firo
A petition from Jas, Cunningham
and others, requesting that Thos,
Dominy bo appointed policeman if the
fnrco be strengthened. Roceived and
From J. W. London, requesting
tho Westminster pounbil to petition
tho government to completo tho road
'vim Wostmlnster to tho North Ann
i-oluiol house.   Received,
B. V, Gtmttt, Sin; city auditor, $50;
Gilley   1'ivs.,   i?10| A.' Poole, 87.50; I
Hugh Burr, $7.50; C.pt. Pittendrigh,
$5; J. D. Batchclor, $5; Thos. Dominy, $2.25; F. Raith, $2. All ordered
Moved by Aid. Jaques, seconded by
Aid. Cunningham, that Mr. D. Robson be appointed city clerk and collector.   Carried.
Moved by Aid, Ewen, seconded by
Aid. Calbick, that Mr. A. F. Ootton
be appointed assessment commissioner,
surveyor and treasurer at a salary of
$125 per month.   Oarried.
Aid. Ewen explained that he understood Mr. Turner could not devote his
wholo time to the work, and he considered it very essential that the gentleman filling them should give them
his whole attention.
Aid. Cunningham thought the appointment an excellent one. Mr. Cotton came with the best recommendations and he considered that gentleman would be the right man in the
right place.
Moved by Aid. Townsend, seconded
by Aid. Oalbick, that Mr. T. 0. At-
kinson bo appointed police magistrate.
Moved by Aid. Curtis and seconded
by Aid. Ewen, that the government be
askod to sanction the above appointment.   Carried.
His worship asked if anything wos
to be done about appointing a city solicitor.
Aid. Townsend thought the city
could get along very nicely without a
On motion, the oounoil heartily endorsed the petition from the North
Arm settlers concerning the road from
Westminster, and the board of works
was instructed to circulate the petition
and forward it to the promoters for
transmission to the minister of lands
and works.
Aid. Curtis asked how ex-Alderman
Herring could order Davie & Pooley's
bill paid. He thought the finanace
committee could take advice on matters concerning the city's interests and
also thought the bill ahould be paid.
Aid. Oalbick knew nothing about
the bill further than that it had been
laid before the council at the laat
meeting by Mr. Herring.
Mr. Hoy was asked to explain the
bill, but said he knew nothing about
what the bill referred to.
The account was left in the hands of
the finance committee to report on.
A discussion came up on the necessary amendments to the city charter.
After opinions were expressed it wss
decided to hold a special meeting some
time during the week to take the matter into consideration.
Moved by Aid. Curtis and seconded
by Aid. Ewen that the various standing committees lay before the counoil,
at the earliest date, the estimates of
expenditure required in the various
departments.   Oarried.
Aid. Reid said he understood the
ex-chief of the fire department had not
handed over the fire apparatus or made
a report to the city,
On motion, all matters connected
with the transfer of fire property were
referred to the fire committee with
power to act.
Aid. Curtis moved a vote of thanks
to Mayor Hendry for the able and very
comprehensive address delivered by
him on taking the choir.
Aid. Cunningham warmly seconded
the motion.
The motion was carried by a standing vote.
His worship in a few words returned
On motion, the standing rules of order of the late council were amended
to make the council meeting hour 8
Aid. Scoullar thought it wob time to
do something about the folders Referred to finance committee.
Aid Scoullar, on behalf of Mr. W. H.
Ladner, invited the council to be present at the B. O. Agricultural Society
meeting this evening.
Aid. Reid reported a defiicient drain
near the gaol. Referred to health
On motion it was decided to hold
a special meeting of tho council on
Wednesday evening to discuss amendments to the charter.
On motion the city treasurer's bond
was fixed at $7,500 and the city clerks
bond   fixed at  the same amount.
On motion the coencil adjourned
till Wednesday night.
Who is ie Live Boot and Shoe Kan
A Thousand Tongues will Answer:
SI  Col-anaToia Street.
IThsa Baby wu tick, ws cava In Cutoria,
When ah. wu a Child, ah. crted tot Cutoria,
When ah. became Miu, .he clrm j to Cutoria,
WTua ah. had Childnn, ah. gar. thus Castor!.
It. €. Provincial Exposition
Subscription Fund.
For tho purpose of raising a fund to
contribute towards the potrlotio and
worthy object of making the next annual provincial fair, to Tm hold in this
city, a graud aud unprecedented success,
the undersigned agree to contribute the
sums opposite their respective names (to
be paid Into the association or to trustees
competent to receive the same, on or before G months from the date of the last
provincial exhibition, and to bo applied
to preparing exhibition grounds and
buildings In tho city, for increasing the
nmount offered in prizes, and for furthering the exhibition in other ways):
Tuk Columiiian 3100 00
Sharpo * Paine, Lulu Island  10 00
L P Eckstein  10 00
Q D Brymner  10 00
B W Armstrong  10 00
F K Glover.  10 00
Walker* Shadwell  10 00
Olaud Hamber.  10 00
Peter Grunt  10 00
Georgo Turner  10 00
WJ Armstrong  80 00
A.I  Hill  10 00
Oapt A  Ornnt.  10 00
J H  Mucdonoll  10 00
W O Loye  10 00
P tlllndoau  10 00
|r' a Strickland  25 00
OIIIpv llros  20 00
H II Webb  26 00
T Cunningham  SD00
Henderson llros, Ohllllwhnck  10 00
A. 11 Wlnlomuto  10 00
Per UK-Mayor Dickinson 212 85
less you take advantage of this GRAND OFFER I am
making in Goods FOR THE NEXT SIXTY DAYS from this
date, you will get left.
Come at once and get your BOOTS, SHOES, SLIPPERS,
while my stock is bright, new and complete. Also, a large assortment of American Goods, from Philadelphia, Chicago and San
Francisco.   Do not wait till your neighbors have had their choice.
lfl per cent* Discount on all Cash Par-
chases for the Next Sixty Days.
gJjfOrders from the country promptly attended to.
Sole Agent for Sabin's Beeswax Oil Blacking; prevents shoe •
from cracking.   Also, Oil Shoe Dressing, equally a blessing.
New Westmixsteb, Jan. 15,1889. dwjely
Choice Family Groceries!
Labrador BZerring-s,
l^acteerel, Salt Cod,
•^■rrno*ur's "CJxic. Hams,
Aimoui's TJnc. Bacon.
ir-lo-ur. Bran. Snorts,
noidwiy Scoultar-Armstrong Block, Columbia 8t.
I »
i   &■*■*
3     tW
i  3
Colnmbla Street, New Westminster, B. C.
and OTHER-:-
Oiar ITe-w StocJc is ITo-vt- la.
The Selection excels our last Season's Show.
Prices Range from 50 Cts. to $16.60.
Removal Sale!
Great Reduction in Prices Previous
to Removing- into New Store.
Our fine assortment of  Olotnlng- <5C Blats we
now offer at ALMOST COST PRICES.
Central Grocery, Columbia Street,
HAS JUST RECEIVED Fcnrman's (Hamilton, Ont.) Bacon, Ilnins,
Lard, etc.—a choice lot which will he Bold cheap,
Ogilvie & McMillan's nnngarlan Flonr always on hand: also—
Spallumcheen Flonr of three grades, with a fresh line of all kinds of Groceries on hand, and new Goods every week, from the cheapest markets.
Please call and examine; no trouble to show Goods and quote price, and yon
will find one of the best places to buy Family Groceries in the Royal City,
The Columbian Printing Establishment has 6rst-clasR faculties for
all kinds of Commercial Printing, Bill Heads. Letter Heads, Circulars,
Cards, Envelopes, Blank Forms of every description, Posters, Dodgers,
Price Lists, &c. Prices will be found ns low as nt any othor offic where
first-class work is done. weekly British Columbian
Wednesday Moraine. Jan. 30,
As illustrative of the benefits of
advertising (we refer more particularly here to advertising a district
or a town than a business, although
the principle is the same in' both,)
we would quote the following from
an American exchange : "Between
five and seven years ago Southern
California lay dormant. Its present cities were then mere villages.
The inhabitants of those cities were
content to do a small business and
to permit time to glide into eternity
with as little ado as possible. But
it was ordered that the semi-somnolent condition which characterized
those cities should no longer prevail. There was an awakening, and
with the awakening there came to
the citizens of those oities the knowledge that the future had great
things in store for them, provided
they would but take advantage of
the opportunities which were beginning to present themselves. They
did so. Southern California soon
became known in almost every civilized portion of the globe. It was
advertised here, there, and everywhere. No form of advertisement of
their country and its resources was
too insignificant or too gigantic to
escape trial if it promised fruits.
The result of such enterprise was an
immigration for which the history
of the Pacific Coast affords no par
allel." Westminster knows what it
is to have lain dormant for some
years also. But the renaissance has
plainly begun. Although we do
not want any "unparalleled immigration" to this oity, nor anything
in the shape of a Yankee "boom,"
still a moderate application of
American methods would do no
harm, but, on tbe contrary, be productive of considerable good, ln
the clause, "No form of advertisement of their country and its resources was too insignificant or too
gigantic to escape trial if it
promised fruits," there lies a secret
which we would do well to note and
act upon. Westminster possesses
unique and splendid facilities for
benefitting by judicious schemes of
advertising. It is true that we
could not advertise our city indefinitely, at present, without going
beyond the strict truth—a thing
that should never be done iu advertising of any sort—but this city is
situated in the centre of an unparalleled agricultural district, the
valley of the lower Fraser, and it is
the centre besides of the salmon
fishing industry of the province and
also of what will be in the near
' future an immense lumbering industry. Taken in connection with
our natural and proper setting,
Westminster district, our resources
will bear expatiating upon, and if
properly represented abroad could
not fail to bring us capital and population both for the city and district;
and this should be emphasized right
here, that our real, solid progress
and advancement as a city is very
intimately bound up with the prosperity of the district, and Westminster may be congratulated that
such is the case—provided her citizens appreciate the fact and act upon
it; for the district is one to be
proud of in every respect, a district
of varied and almost illimitable resources, such as must prove the
making of any city that co-operates
liberally and intelligently in developing its resources and securing its
prosperity. Our policy and attitude
toward the different sections of the
dirtrict, or the district as a whole,
have not been marked by anything
particularly commendable in the
past, to put it mildly. We have,
rather, acted in a stupidly selfish—
suicidal—manner where what we
considered distinctively district interests were concerned, forgetting
our mutual relations. We hope to
see all this changed. In fact it
must be changed, unless we are
willing to see rivals take from under
our very nose that which we might
bave retained by the exercise of
common forethought and business
shrewdness. We should, as far aB
possible, make the interests of every
part of the district our own, and assist, if we can, substantially or
morally, in all their schemes for advancement. Above all, let us make
it a point to see that every section
of the district has all the road connection and mail facilities with this
city that it requires and is entitled
-to, There is one case in point just
now, particularly—that of the North
Arm settlement, In this case both
a wagon road and mail facilities are
wanted, and have been wanted for
some time. We have referred to
this on several occasions, and shall
not cease to keep it before our citizens and the proper authorities, It
is understood the new counoil will
take some action with respect to
the road, and we trust the niatter
may receive the attention that its
importance demands. Vanoouver
has put in its claim for the trade of
the North Arm settlement, and has
not been slow to back up the claim
in the most practical manner,
Shortly the rich islands of the delta
will be still more closely connected
with Vancouver by two costly
bridges, for which tenders are already invited, as will have been
seen by our advertising columns
yesterday for the first time. But
by a good wagon road connection
with the North Ann we shall share
the advantages of the projected
bridging in that locality, as this
city will thus be brought into more
convenient communication with the
North Arm settlement than was before possible. Our steamboat and
mail facilites with this settlement
should also be immediately looked
after. Similar remarks might be
made respecting our relations with
otber sections of the district, which
the city, in its own interests, should
take the initiative in having improved. For the benefit of every
part of the district at once, as well
as the city, we believe that some
advertising scheme devised, prosecuted, and controlled by the oity, in
conjunction with the various municipalities to some extent, would be
productive of the most satisfactory
results. The scheme would need to
be on a somewhat larger scale,
though, and conducted in a somewhat different manner, than was the
case with the late lamented folder,
of which,by the way—what! It is
worse than useless to undertake and
attempt to carry through anything
of the sort in the "cheap and nasty"
style; for the inevitable result of
such a course is to reflect discredit
where honorable fame is the object
sought. The coming provincial exhibition, as we have before hinted,
may, if properly managed, be turned
to account as a most effectual means
of advertising, not only this city
and district in the first place, but
the entire province. Let us see that
we do not lose the opportunity.
A representative of the News-
Advertiser interviewed Mr. V. Mar-
tinsen, of New York, a 0. P. R.
railway direotor, at Vancouver the
other day. Among other things
Mr. Martinson told the News man
the following, which we reproduce
as confirming what we have, in
effect, pointed out several times in
this paper : "There was one thing,
however, which the government of
British Oolumbia should do,and that
was to spend more mouey in advertising the province to the world. If
$100,000 was spent iu that direction it would do a great deal towards making known to foreigners
its resources, its favorable geographical situation for commerce
and its mild climate. 'Nobody
knows anything of it,' Mr. Martin
sen said. 'Speak of British Columbia outside of Canada, and they
will ask you where it is.' He was
very emphatic on that point, and
repeated it several times in the
course of his conversation, each time
with more emphasis. British Columbia had a climate very much
like that of southern Europe, and,
if known, would attract a considerable population of those who so
many of them die of consumption
when emigrating to colder countries.
The province didn't do enough in
its own interests." Too much cannot be said to emphasize the above
facts. The letters which we receive
almost daily from all parts of the
United States, asking for sample
copies of The Columbian, would,
alone, convince us that this prov-
vince, and this city particularly, are
beginning to attract wide-spread
attention, and that would-be immigrants are desirous of obtaining
information about our climate, resources, etc, "Strike while the
jron is hot," is a good motto, and a
iudicious and liberal advertising of
the province and its various cities at
this time would undoubtedly be a
most profitable investment.
The World wants a new registry
district established, with Vancouver
as the center, embracing all the
country north, with the municipalities of Delta and Richmond included. Part of the municipality of
Richmond might be more conveniently served with a registry
office at Vancouver, but the Delta
would not, it being south of Westminster, and would necessitate
travelling past the present registry
oilice at this city in order to
get to Vancouver. The salt water
terminus would, no doubt, take the
world if it could get it, and while
we are not going to say anything
against the proposed new registry
office, we must decidedly object to
the Delta municipality being included in a new distriot with its
centre at Vancouver, for the reasons
stated above. To show how anxious
Vancouver is to secure the registry
district in question and increase her
communications with tbe agricul
tural districts, we quote the following from the article referred to in
the World ; "The job of transferring
the titles from the reoords in New-
Westminster will be a costly affair,
and involve a good deal of patient
labor. It is not likely that the assembly, or the government, would
sanction an expenditure of about
$10,000 wherewith to accomplish
this work, unless a substantial
reason or consideration was advanced for such a radical change, as
this proposal unquestionably would
be if carried out. Let the government be approached on the subject,
and its views ascertained. We are
confident that on understanding can
be arrived at whereby the wishes of
this community, in regard to registration matters, can be fully satisfied. Should it be a sine qua wm
that part of the cost involved for
transcribing titles be paid by the
city of Voncouver—so long as the
sum paid is a reasonable one—we
are persuaded the bill would be paid
cheerfully, and all classes acquiesce
in the action of the council in this
much-to-be-desired matter." Money
is no object at all! Just show Vancouver a convenient slot where it
can drop its nickels and pull out the
sweet-meats, and it will wear the
machine out in no time. A little
more of this spirit, under proper
control, would not hurt the royal
The Toronto Empire, in a good-
humored and patriotic vein, thus
repudiates the "blizzard" altogether
either as a native or a naturalized
acquirement of the Dominion, The
Manitoba blizzards are not blizzards
at all, it says, and we are greatly
relieved at hearing this, for we had
always supposed that they were.
By the light thrown upon the subject by the Empire, it becomes quite
clear that we were mistaken, and
we now have a higher opinion of
our common patrimony than ever.
The Empire puts it in this way :
"There are blizzards and blizzards,
The kind which is copyrighted in
Dakota and other western states,
and is not allowed to circulate
beyond the bounds of the republic,
is the true blizzard. Others are
base imitations of the real article.
They are dubbed blizzards by ambitious communities spurred to a
natural emulation by the district-
displacers, of which the Dakotans
are so fond, and which are included
in the regular products of the country, Winnipeg thinks it had a
blizzard the other day, but it hadn't.
The high wind which prevailed
there was undoubtedly a good thing
of its kind—everything we have in
Oanada is first-class and warranted
to bear inspection—but that it was
a real blizzard, one of those hideous
blasts which catch peaceful settlers
up and dump them in neighboring
counties, which suddenly grasp
barns full of crops and carry them
off to distant places, whioh, worse
than all, destroy life and keep the
law-abiding citizens within easy
reach of a hole in the ground, that
it was one of these convulsions of
nature wo cannot believe. For these
reasons: Winnipog stands to-day
just where it did day before yesterday ; its people are attending to
their business in tho ordinary way;
the houses remain where the owners
built them; no Winnipegger is
limping along the shoie of Lake
Superior on ono leg looking for the
other which he dropped at Rnt
Portage on his enforced journey
through the clouds. The conditions
at Winnipeg are evidently not those
which follow the visitation of a
blizzard. Reluctantly wo must tell
Winnipeggers that their atmospheric disturbance was a gale, a
good stiff gale, it may be, strong
enough to entail a little muscular
resistance and to summon up the
warm blood to healthy cheeks, but
that was all. Tho attempt to locate the death-dealing blizzard in
our country is not a success." After
a few years' experience of tho balmy
seasons of British Columbia, even
tho Manitoba zephyr would strike
one as a pretty formidable affair.
Wo would advise all who aro
troubled with climatic scruples to
pay this province a visit beforo locating elsewhere. Here, tho nearest that we come to blizzards—
genuine or spurious—iB to rend
nbout them in telegraphic despatches
from less favored localities. British
Columbia's climate is u mutter thnt
is made little of, nmong her other
numerous resources, but when it
comes to be more generally understood and appreciated, it will prove
a most valuable asset.
(IYom Daily Columbian, Jan. 23.)
The first swan of the season was
killed on Pitt Meadows on Monday.
Mr. Thos. Cunninghum' has added
the handsome amount.of §30:00 to the
Exhibition fund. Who will bo the
next to follow his example ?
Tho S.S. Parthia sailed for China
and Japan yestorday from Vancouver.
Her cargo consisted of flour, cotton
and merchandise and was the largest yet
carried away by this line of steamships.
She took 7 cabin passengers and 30
Mrs. Wm. Geisler, widow of the late
Wm. Geisler, who died from injuries
received at the rock slide accident at
Sailor Bar Bluff, has entered an action
against tho Canadian Pacific Railway
to recover $20,000 damages for the
death of her husband.
Bills have been printed at this office
calling for an unlimited number of men
to clear the right of woy from Whatcom to the Nooksack river on the Can-
field railroad. This sounds like business, and indicates that the meeting of
the railroad magnates in Seattle has
resulted favorably to our railroad interests.—Reveille.
Spring salmon have arrived ill the
Fraser River and a number wero on
the market to-day. They were caught
by up-river Indians with a spoon bait.
If the weather is not too inclement a
couple of fishing boats will be placed
on the river to-morrow by W. H. Vianen, who, us usual, is always first in
opening the year's fishing operations.
The mild weather accounts for the
early run.
Henderson Bros., of Chilliwhack,
have added $10 to the exhibition fund.
Mr. J. O. Henderson says that the
peoplo of Chilliwhack and nil up the
rivor are just waiting to see how the
citizens of Westminster "come up" on
tho fund. If they do so handsomely,
the people of tho former districts are
prepared to supplement the subscriptions to a very considerable extent
Parties now in Donald, in tho interest of n French syndicate, are looking over tho ground with a view to
the erection of large reduction works
here. Tho French syndicate aro the
owners of the great Lexington mino
and mill at Bute, Montana—a property that has been a regular dividend-
payer for years. The syndicate proposes to erect works after the plan of
those at Wickes, Montana, so as to be
able to cheaply handle all grades of
Another old servant of tho postal
department—Mr. Dewe, chief inspector—has accepted superannuation. Mr.
Dewe was not only a hard-working
and efficient officer, but a man of
note as an inventor; and a number of
his devices are now m uso in tho postal
service.' He was appointed to the
Canadian service in 1843, and spent
somo years in the English postal department previous to that date, during
three oi which he occupied the desk
next to the late Authony Trollops.
Very Valuable.—"Having used B.
B. B. for billiousness and torpid liver,
with the very best results I would recommend it to all thus troubled, Tho
medicine is worth its weight in gold."—
Tillio White, Manitowaning, Ont.
Itlcliiiinnd Council for ISM).
Thos. Kidd, reeve, re-elected by acclamation.
Ward "A"-John Sirr and Wm. F.
Stowart nominated; Stewart declared
Ward "B"-A. H. Daniels and B.
W. Garratt, elected by acclamation.
Ward "C"—David Reid and John
Blair, elected by acclamation.
Mr. O. D. Sweet was returning officer at the election.
Memorial Window.
A proposition has boon mude to
erect a memorial window in the parish
church, Kamloops, in memory of the
late Judge Haynes, of Osooyos. Mrs.
Haynes has coincided with tho proposal, and Canon Cooper, now en route
to England, will make arrangements
for tho manufacture of tho window. A
fund has been started and subscriptions may be sent to the Inland Sentinel oflico, Kamloops.
Children Cryfor Pitcher's Castoria.
President Legitime of Hayti is
described by a press correspondent
who recently interviewed him as
"black as the ace of spades. He is
a tall, finely-formed man about 15
years old. His face is covered with
a heavy black beard and mustaoho,
His manners are those of a refined
and courteous gentleman. He was
not dressed in military uniform at
the interview, but wore a loose nnd
ill-fitting suit of black broadcloth.
His whole bearing was easy and
 *  m  .	
Diphtheria.—"Last January,'1 says
J, N. Tee-pie, or Orwell, Out., "there
appeared diphtheria in our neighborhood.
Doctors rap night and day, but I kopt
right to Hagyard's Yellow Oil and
brought my children through all right."
Yellow Oil cures all painful complaints
and injuries.
A Three Years' Contract.
Tho blankets, twueds and other
woolen goods furnished by the New
Westminster Woolon Mills to tho well-
known wholonnlo firm of Lonz& Loiser,
Victoria, havo given eo much satisfaction wherever sold that this enterprising firm has untored into a contract
with tho company to take the entire
product of tho mills for throo yoars,
years. The valuo of tho product will
bo from $35,000 to $10,000 yearly,
The repairs to tho machinery, etc., of
tho mill are almost completed and in a
few days it will bo running to its fullest
—■ 1 .. .	
Would be nn fnilinlrj, If Aided'
Several practical tests at Golden
havo shown that the slate from the
Walter Hogg quarry is a first-class
roofing slate. The men who are expending large sums of money in business blocks and residences at Victoria,
Vancouver, and Westminstor would
add another industry to those of our
province if thoy aided in opening up
this quarry At present, roofing
slate has to bo brought from Quebec,
and is too expensive to bo generally
usod. The quarry is distant 6J milos
from Golden, and is within a fow yards
of tho 0. P. R. traok.—Truth.
Railroad Rumors.
Rumors are afloat to the effect that
Cantield is about to sell out the B. B.
& N. W. road to the Northorn Paoific
Should such an event occur it is reasonable enough to assume that the N.
P. does not wish merely to tie up the
road, but to opon competition with the
other lines projeoted north from Seattle. A line eastward from here
through the Big Bend country to a
connection with the N.P. would give
that road an approximately straight
east and west line from Bellingham
Bay all the way to Duluth on Lake
Superior.—Wltatom Demorrat.
Texada El Dorado.
The steamer Muriel arrived last
evening from Texada Island with eight
passengers. Reports from the new
gold field are of the most favorable
kind. New ledges are continually
being found varying in richness. One
specimen brought down last evening,
as large as a goose egg, and taken from
the "Golden Slipper" ledge by Mr.
D. Carmichael is exceedingly rioh, the
gold being plainly seen with the naked
eye. It is estimated that the specimen
will assay $10,000 to the ton. A
sample sent down by Mr. Oarmichael
from his claim near the "Golden Slipper " assayed $300. The island sb yet
has been by no means prospected, but
so far the north shore gives every indication of being much richer than the
claims already taken up.—JVce Press.
False Statement.
Referring to the elections tho World
Bays: "The World's representative wos
refused admittance to the polling both
by tho returning officer. Shortly afterwards a policemen admitted him, but
he was ordered to withdraw. A representative of The OoiioitBtAK however, Win allowed inRido and to that
person tho retuning officer handed a
paper with result, fully ten minutes
before he announced it to the publio."
If the World had wished to slate the
truth it would have said the representative of The Columbian was the duly
authorized and sworn election agent
of Mr. Thos. Cunningham, and in
that capacity was present at the counting of tho ballots and therefore had
the returns as Boon aB the deputy officers, and fully 15 minutes before the
official statement was recoived by the
returning officer. The charge against
Mr. Robson, tho returning officer, is
very serious and the sooner the World
apologizes for the same the better it
will be for that journal.
A Favorable Comparison.
The report of tho legislative committee to examine into and investigate
the fishing industry of the state of
Oregon has been issued. It contains
much valuable information regarding
the fishing industry. The report of
the board of fish commissioners says
that Mr. R. D. Hume built a cannery
on Rogue river, Oregon, in 1877 and
packed that year 3,600 cases. The
same year he built a small hatchery
and turned out 50,000 fry. Since then
he has put out from 50,000 to 150,-
000 annually, und his pack has gradually increased to 12,000 cases, which
he attributes In the successful working
of his hatchery. Tho value of the
hatchery is proven by the fact that the
pack on neighboring rivers is steadily
decreasing. The Oregon government
hatchery has put out U,500,000 salmon
fry in two years at a cost of $10,000.
During the same period the Fraaer
river hatchery has put out 11,500,000
with an outlay of $9,000. From this
it will be seen the comparison is greatly
in favor of the Canadian hatchery.
Cruelly to Animals.
"I tried every known remedy I oould
think of for rhoumntism, without giving
mo any relief, until I tried Burdock
Blood Btttors, which remedy I oan highly
recommend to all aflliotcaas I was."—
Henry Smith, Milveton, Ont.
A train load of cattle arrivod from
the interior yesterday and were unloaded at the O.P.N.Co.'b corral. In one
car five animals were found to be
doad, having been tramped to doath
and snveral others wero terribly injured and unable to rise. In unloading
the cattle the Chinese employed by
the O.P.R. used goads with a sharp
spike on the end fully hnlf an inch in
length. With thoso tho brutes prodded the animals until the goads were
covered with blood, and the indignation of the onlookers was so much
aroused that Constable Pearce was
Bent for to forco them to desist from
such inhuman actions. Tho poor animals were lashed into fury by the torture practiced on them and the moans
from the woundod animals being trampled on were piteous to hear. It is
timo thst a society for the prevention
of cruolty to animals wus organized in
Westminster, for this sort of brutal
treatment to animals is no unusual
thing. It is probable a complaint in
the mattor will be made direct to Mr,
Abbott, who, it is hoped, will remedy
this cowardly abuse.
Since writing the above the car
containing the dead cuttle and two of
tho wounded was shunted dowu to the
C.P.N, corral and one of the animals,
still nlivo but not ablo to walk, was
dragged out by horse power, a rope
having been fastened round its neck.
The animal was then killed and
butchered. The authorities were
informed of this last aot but what
action they will tako ia  not known.
Mil ffi?
te Bis
J. C, Henderson, of Chilliwhaok, is
in the eity.
J. Maxwell, ox-reevo of Langley,
was in the city yesterday.
A Business Letter. — "Tllscnburg,
Maroh IS, 1887.-T. Mllburn & Co. -
Sirs—Please shin at once threo dozen
B. B. Bitters. Best selling medicine In
tho shop. Sold seven bottlos to-day.
Toura truly, O. Thompson." Tho abovo
sample Is but one of hundreds of similar
expressions regarding B. B, B.
P    I
Absolutely Pure.
This powder never varies. A marvel of'
purity, strength and wholesomeness. Mora
economical than the ordinary kinds, and
cannot be sold in competition with the
multitude ot low test, short weight alum
or phosphate powders, Bold only in cans.
Royal Baking Powder Co., 108 Wall St.,
New York. stely
Samuel Mellard,
Dealer in Cutlery, Earthenware,
Books, Stationery and Medicines.
land Agent, Conveyancer, and
Notary Public.
Agent for "The Columbian."
Post Office Address, Chilllwhack.
Bank of Montreal.
CAPITAL (all paid up), ■ $12,000,000
BEST,      ■      •      •       0,000,000
Head Office, • Montreal.
SIR D. A. SMITH, K. O, M. G.-Presldent.
G. A. DRUMMOND, Esq.-Vice-President
W. J. BUCHANAN-Genernl Mnnnger.
XX Eng.: New York, Chicago, and ln all
the principal cities and towns ln Canada.
Intorest allowed on special deposits.
Manager, Vancouver.
Sur-Agent, Now WoFlminster.
Worsted and Tweed
I.A.IcliK'8 '
Opp. Oolonial Hotel
Columbia St.,   -  New Westminster.
kin. Merchandise!
Hay and Feed
Dry Goods, Boots A Shoes,
Provisions A -Groceries.
Hope, ifr. >>
sarAir we use no whisky or tobacco we '
can, by tompcrato habits and careful ooo- ,
noiuy, serve tho publio at especially low
rates,                                      dw'alifto Weekly British Columbian
Wednesday Homing, Jan. 30. 1881).
(From Daily Columbian, Jan. 24.)
Fine weather again—may it continue.
There was another clean sheet at
the police court to day.
The Brunette sawmilla are undergoing extensive repairs.
The market is again bountifully supplied with wild duck and geese.
The next sitting of the county court
will begin on Feb. 6th. A large docket
will be presented.
The Heine family will probably return to Westminster in about 10 days
and give another of their excellent
W. H. Vianen has plaoed two boats
on the river to fish for spring salmon.
The catch is not expected to be very
profitable for some weeks.
This morning Mayor Hendry took
the oath of oflice before Mr. T. 0.
Atkinston, police magistrate. Mayor
Hendry will swear in the new aldermen this evening at 8 o'elook.
Several large flocks of wild geese
passed over the city this morning
flying south. This unusual event has
induced our local. prophetB to predict
a spell of severe cold weather.
The WestminBter Football Club haa
decided to suspend practices for a couple of months or until suoh time aa
the weather becomes reliable. All
matches are declared off in the meantime.
The nuptials are announced elsewhere of Mr. Alexander McKercher
and Miss Maude Reeves. The Columbian joins with the many friends of
the happy couple in best wishes for
their continued felicity.
The str. Adelaide ran on a snag near
the Mission yesterday and suffered
slight damage. She immediately re-
tured to Westminster and underwent
the necessary repairs. She is now
ready for business again.
A letter to a gentleman in this city
from Alkali Lake says that the weather
is fine and bright there with the thermometer 25" below zero. On Christmas day the thermometer was 10° below zero. Cattle and sheep are standing the cold weather nicely.
To-day Messrs Edmonds & Webster
concluded the aale of two lots on St.
Patricks street, adjoining Mr. 0. E,
Oorbould's residemce, at §1,500 each.
Two years ago these lots were purchased for $600. Since the civic elections
confidence in real estato has been restored and the value of property is
already on the rise,
The attention of our readers is
directed to the advertisement of Munn
& Oo,, patent solicitors, in another
column. Their name is familar to
patentees throughout the country.
In connection with the publication of
the Scientific American for the past
forty yeara, they havo prepared tho
applications for more than one hundred thousands inventions, and their
faoilites for obtaining patents are being
constantly extended.
A Needed Improvement.
This, morning the Hon. John Robson, provincial secretary, accompanied
by ex-Mayor Dickinson, Mr. Jas. Cunningham and Mr. G. Grant, visited
the provincial asylum and thoroughly
inspected the building, its accommodations and conveniences. The result
of this visit will be that a $25,000 addition will be made to the asylum dur-
in the coming summer, and plans for
tho same are to be prepared immediately. The hon. gentleman was
forcibly impressed with the inadequate
character of the present building and
the necessity of larger quarters and
more suitable accommodation for the
inmates of this crowded institution.
A Fatal Attack.—A fatal attaok of
croup is a frequent occurrence among
children. Every household Bhould bo
guarded by keeping; Hagyard's Pectoral
Balsam at hand. It broaks up colds,
coughs, croup, asthma and bronchitis in
a romarkablo manner.
The grand concert last night in the
Oddfelows' Hall was far superior to
anything of the kind evor before heard
in Westminster, The hall was packed
with a most appreciative audience.
Never has such music been drawn
from a violin in Westminster as did
Mr. Heine last night—the instrument
did everything but speak. The performances of Mrs. and Miss Heine
were of a high standard and gave the
utmost satisfaction. A high class performance such ub given last uight will
alwaya bo liberally aupported at the
Royal Oity.
. * *	
Anlraclte Mines.
A. Pugh, manager of the anthracite
coal mines, Banff, Alberta, states that
at present coal is being taken out at
the rate of 100 tons a day; but the
mining gang will be increased to such
an extent that the output will bo 500
tons u day. He says oven this will
likely bc increased, as tho company
hnve already sale for all they can turn
out. It is being shipped to tho Pacifio const, where tho demand is good.
Instead of the company shipping tlio
coal, they juat mino the coal and lay
it down at the track ior $5 n Ion. The
purchaser does the shipping and attends to the ratos.—Winnipeg Com
The Railway Ferry.
Captain Lake, of Seattle, the well
known railway ferry builder, arrived
in tho city to-day to euprintend the
construction nf the ferry for the Southern Railway Oompany, the plans and
dimensions of which wero published
in The Columbian two weeks ngo.
Captain Lake will Bet to work without
delay and no time will be lost in hav
ing the fine steamer completed, The
Hoyal Oity Planing Mills hns the contract for tho supply of lumber. A large
number of ship oatrpenters will be employed on the work and orders have
given that mechanics residents of
Westminster shall have the preference
in obtaining employment,
Job printing of all kinds neatly done
at the Columbian offioo. Prices will be
found as low as at any other oilice in
the province—Adv,
Children Cry for
In n MiMldle.
The Delta municipality, in Westminster district, is at present reported
to bo in somewhat of a muddle. The
question of qualification was not
seriously considered, and it haB now
been found that three of the members
of last year's board were not duly
qualified according to the Letters
Patent. It is also stated that at present iu several of the warda there is
not one man duly qualified for the offioo of reeve or councillor, and therefore the Letters Patent have been
surrendered to the government, so as
to allow of their being altered and
amended. It iB not known whether
the late counoil will hold office until
their successors are eleoted, or resign
at onoe.—Colonist.
The Ice Famine.
The weather is so extremely mild
that it is feared there will be no ice on
the lower Fraser this winter, and, consequently, fiah exporters, hotels, etc.,
are becoming anxious for their supply.
A prominent frosh fish exporter had
completed arrangements to get his supply of ice from Kamloops, but the intention waa abandoned when it waa
learned the Oanadian Pacific Railway
demanded $58.80 per car of 12 tons to
transport the ice to this city. The
shipment of fresh Balmon and other
fish to the east will be very light during the coming summer unless we are
soon favored with a severe cold spell.
If the railroad company would convey
the ice from the interior at $25 per car
sovoral hundred carloads would be contracted for by consumers in Westminster and Vancouver.
Price or Coal.
Coal continues to sell, retail, at $10
per ton at Victoria, B. 0. though the
city is only 100 miles from the mines.
The cost is made up as follows: Price
at mines, $6 per ton; freight charges,
$1.50 per ton; cost of delivering and
retailers' profits, $2.50 per ton. This
is certainly an outrageous price for
the coal. Gait mine coal, which if
anything is superior in quality to the
coal used at Viotoria, retails in Winnipeg, delivored at the houses of purchasers, at $8 per ton. This coal is
carried by rail a distance of nearly
800 miles, orer two different railways,
and is subject to a pretty stiff freight
rate. The Victoria people should take
a lesson from Winnipeg in the art of
"kicking," and they would not long
submit to such injustice. The cost of
coal delivered in Victoria should not
exceed the price now charged at the
mines. The costs all around at present aro outrageously high.—Winnipeg
Church Services Wonted
Our attention has been directed to
tho want that is felt by the settlers in
the vicinity of Brownsville and along
tho Scott and Yale roads for occasional
church services at some convenient
and contral point on tho other aide of
the river. We are informed that quite
a number of new settlers are going in
011 the Scott and Yale roads, within
six or eight miles of this city, comprising some families, and numbering at
least 30 individuals. The nearest
church that these people could conveniently attend ia at Mud Bay, 10 or
12 miles distant from the centre of
the settlement. Mr. J. W. Stein, at
the foot oftho Yale road, near Brownsville, offers half an acre of available
ground as a site, if either the Presbyterian, Methodfst ar Baptist denominations will undertake to put up a
small mission churoh and give at least
onoaorvicb a month, in the evening
preferred. It is to be hoped that
some of our oity churcheB may Bee
thoir way clear to respond to this
"Macedonian ory" and give the aid
required, ns the seMlemot in question
undoubtedly has needs in tho direction
mentioned, nnd growing Btoadily na it
is, must soon demand and support a
thriving mission.
(From Daily Columbian, Jan. 26.)
A light frost last night,
.No cases at the police court to-day.
The fishermen brought in a few
salmon this morning.
Carpenters are at work rebuilding
Austin's freight shed which collapsed
last week.
Real estate is booming at Victoria.
Sales are muoh more numerous than
for many months.
Mr. James Leamy will commence
grading on the Southern Railway contract about Feb. Sth if tho weather ia
There now seem to be some chance
of sufficient cold weather to produce a
supply of ice, but the chances ars not
very good yet.
The Southern Railway Oompany
will shortly ask the city council to
select the site on which the railway
workshops are to be erected.
Piles are being driven at Pnrt Moody
for a wharf from whioh the Banff Anthracite coal will be loaded into vessels.
There is somo hope for Port Moody
Mayor Hendry administered the
oath of office last night to the members
of the new city council. A caucus of
the alderman, held afterwards, agreed
onthejiersonne! of tho- various committees.
A meeting of the directors of the
British Columbia Agricultural Association is called for Tuesday evening at
7:30 o'clock in tho counoil chambers.
It is important that every director
Bhould be present.
There is another social scandal agitation society at Quebec just now. The
wife of a well-known commission merchant having become dissatisfied with
the dissipation of her husband, has
left him and is about applying for a
A Seattle contractor named George
Liot has levanted with $1,500 due to
his employees. It is thought he has
come to British Oolumbia. It is
oharged that the same man skipped
from Farewell B. O. with $500, borrowed money.
Twenty gamblers from Seattle and
Tacoma arrived in thia city within two
days. The authorities on the other
side have been engaged in raiding
numerous gambling nouses. These
undesirable immigrants are not wanted
in Viotoria.—Times.
Up to noon to-day, Thursday, Mr. M.
Bray, government agent, haB issued
89 records of mineral claims on Texada Island. Over a dozen prospectors
have engaged a passage by tlie steamer
Rustler, which will leavo for the El
Dorada as soon as the weather moderates.— Free Press.
It has boen ascertained thst a strong
movement is on foot to build an opera
house at a point as near as possible to
the centre of the town, and the information is to the effect that $40,000 has
been asured towards that end, and
that yesterday the project was definitely decided upon.— News-Advertiser.
The Namnimo Courier has been served with writs in an notion fur libel
brought against that paper at the instance of Joseph B. Hugo and John
O. Hughes, mineraof Wellington. The
action is for damages, based on the
publication of a list of names denominated" blacklegs," in the late Wellington difficulties.
A gentleman invaded the sanctum
of tho Standard this afternoon, and in
a stage whisper asked what the difference was between Queen Victoria and
the climate of this province. An
answer not forthcoming he assumed a
wise look and answered:—"The Queen
reigns over the whole of her broad
dominions, and the climate rains only
in Vancouver." His crushed and
mangled corpse still lies in the rubbish
box in the baok yard.—Standard.
The British Columbia Milling &
Mining Company'» property at Cariboo
has been "jumped" by outside parties.
This is the effect of the judgment of
supreme court recently rendered in the
case cf' Wilson vs. Whitten, in whioh
the judges ruled that the lay-over of a
gold commissioner without work done
on a olaim within six months, had no
force. We may expeot to hear of a
number of similar cases occurring
throughout the province in oonsequence
of the same decision.—-Times,
Pansle. and Violets
Gents, -I certify that MINARD'S
LINIMENT cured my daughter of a severe and what appeared to be a fatal attack of diphtheria after all other remedies had failed, aud recommend it to all
who may be afflicted with that terrible
disease. John D. Boutilier.
French Village, Jan., 1883.
C. C. Richards & Co.
Gents,—I suffered for seven yenrs from
bronchitis. Nothing gave mo relief till
Six bottles mado a completo oure, and I
firmly believo it to bo the boat congh
mixture mndo.   Jas. F, VanBuskirk.
Fredorioton, July, 1887.
So much has been said of late
about the beautiful climate of
British Columbia that it seems like
"rubbing it in" to inflict on our eastern
readers any more items concerning
flowers blooming in January etc., but
for ail that it would be wrong to keep
the world in ignorance of our glorious
climate, To-day the thermometer
registered 42 "> in the shade and 60°
in the sun, with green grass and
flowers blooming in the gardens. The
city clerk this afternoon plucked from
his garden a beautiful boquet of pan-
sies and violets and laid them on our
table, for which we are exceedingly
The Hallway Ferry.
Capt. Lake, who is to superintend
the construction of the Southern Railway ferry steamer, was vei f busily engaged to-day in arranging his plana.
The site on which the steamer will be
built has been selected at a point a
short distance below the Royal Oity
Mills. A little filling in and some
piling will bo necessary but this work
can be performed in a few days.
The Royal Oity Mills have received
the specifications of the lumber required and will commence sawing it immediately. Oapt. Lake leaves for Seattle
to-morrow on business matters but wili
return in a week and begin active work
on the ferry. It is expected the
steamer will be completed by May 1st.
They Want the Earth and Texada.
The Vancouver World appropriated
bodily an item from this paper in reference to a quartz claim, recently located
above Gillis Bay, on Texada Ialand,
and which is owned by Messrs. Eassnn,
Jenkins, Prowse, Triee and Tippett, of
this city. Tbe Columbian copies the
item from the World and with its usual
honesty, credits it to that paper. Our
Vancouver contemporary seems to
want the. world, and have it fenced in
at that. Evidently it believes in having the "wholo hog or none."—iVann'-
mo Courier. This is rather an old
trick of the World and not by any
means fair, but most of the local news
of importance in Vancouver papers iB
clipped from provincial exchanges.
 ■ . .	
A Bash Young- Farmer.
Inspector Hill has been  appointed
noting collector of customs at Halifax.
Pitcher's Castoria.
Greatly Excited.—People are apt to
get greatly excited in caae cf sudden
accident and injury. It is well to be
prepared for such emergencies. Hagyard's Yellow Oil is the handiest remedy
known for burns, scalds, braises, lameness, pain and all wounds of the flesh, It
is used internally and externally.
County Court.
The following ia tho docket of tho
county court to be held on Feb. 6th,
Mr. Justice McCreight presiding
Bowman vs. Hopkins, debt; Knight
Bro*. vs. Yarker, debt; Docksteader
vs. Bell; Brunette Sawmills v.*. Brewster; Falding vs. Norman; Thompson
vs. Robinson; Oroll vs. Stewart; Beck
ett & Co. vs. Goudy; Atkinson vs.
Fuller, Freeman & Co., damages;
Blackie vs. McLean; Confederation
Life Association vb. Ryder; do. vs.
Ryder; do. vs. McLean; do. vb. Cas-
serley; Scoullar vs. Oowper; H. Josth
vs. Klevenea; Gannon vb. MoKee;
Wildman vs. Oppenheimer Bros.
Wright, who haa paid large dutiea
upon machinery imported by him to
be used iu developing the mining industry in the Ottawa Valley, has applied to the Dominion government to
give him a refund of tho duties, seeing
that tho government of British Columbia has been allowed a refund on the
aamo grounds. Hon. Mr. Bowell,
minister of customs, replied to him
that the government ennnot accede to
his request. Mr. Wright intends
carrying his caae furthor, ns ho cannot
see why Britisli Columbia can get machinery in free and he has to pay 80
per cent duty nt Ottawa.
God can Bave me. He can save you. I
shall skip considerable, and come down
to '65, when I joined a lot of Mis-
sourians, Jesse James and others.
After the war closed, I went to the
Pawkbo district, in '66, at Fort Lebanon was discharged, and went back
to my home in Kentucky. I had been
back about six weeks, when one day
six meh came to the house, and not
finding me in, abused my mother because I was not there. My mother
wished me to flee the country. I said
no, they have abused you, and I will
be avenged. Shouldering my rifle, I
went down town, and got my man
(sensation), but the law cleared me;
again they attacked, 1 downed my
man, and again the law cleared me;
and, upon the earnest, request of my
mother I left home, and went west to
live amongst the Indians, to be a cowboy. I started breaking horses, and
was ever on the look out for road
agents. I crossed the Norlh Platte
River before any other white man,
and was amongst the lirst to enter the
Black Hills, and I can, if ever I get
"busted," go back to Mr. A. Arnold,
of Cheyenne, or any other of thoae I
worked for and get employment, because I was an honest man and dared
face liny danger iii protecting their interests'.".' There are lots of cow-boys as
good as' any other men ; it is the
scoundrdls who have committed depredations in the east, fleeing to the west
to be cow-boys, that have given them
a bad name. I can take half-a-dozen
cow-boys and whip more Indians than
100 U. S. Bpldiers." The cow-boy
evangelist will conclude the narrative
of his life at the Baptist church tonight, and as religious truths are repeatedly enforced throughout his discourse, saint and sinner may obtain
profit as well as entertainment.
A young farmer living near Victoria
is in a dreadful fix, brought about by
rashness almost incredible. He was a
strong supporter of Mr. Ward for
mayor and iu his silly enthusiasm
promised a young lady friend that he
would either marry her or give her his
farm if Mr. Grant was elected, and the
fair lady insists that the promise must
be kept, ahe being willing to close the
bargain on either promise. The rash
young man does not want to part with
his farm, neither does he wish to many
the young lady and so he is in a most
unenviable position. The young lady,
however, is determined that the bargain must be consummated and will
take proceedings, if necessary, to get
her just dues. It is probable the rash
young farmer will not meddle in city
affairs again while he remains single.
Vancouver Smallpox Case.
An Ottawa despatch says: The deputy minister of agriculture opines
that the trouble in regard to the steamship Premier, whioh had on board a
case of smallpox at Vancouver, was
virtually at an end after a lot of misapprehension on the matter. Vessels
were not now detained iu quarantine,
but the patients were taken off her aa
Boon as possible and isolated, the usual
methods of fumigating being adopted.
Although there were several smallpox
cases, the usual quarantine regulations
would be sufficient to meet the necessities of tho caae. The law provides
that from a vessel carrying infectious
cases all the articles likely to convey
disease must bo taken off and the
vessel cleansed and purified. The
passengers, crew, and veaael muat remain so long as the medcial officer
thinks fit for the. purpose of being
cleansed and purified.
(i.W.Basure, the "Cow-Boy Evangelist,"
elves a leaf from III. Thrilling
Experience on the Frontier.
There was not sufficient room last
night in the Baptist church to accommodate the number who assembled to
listen to G. W. Rasure, the "cow-boy
evangelist," relate a portion of his
eighteen years' experience on the
plains. He spoke for an hour and a
half of his adventures and the desperate deeds done by the cow-boys in
which he had taken part, he being the
leader of bad men for seventeen yeara.
Our space only suffices to give a sample
sketch, aa nearly as possible in Mr.
Knsiiie's own words, from the eventful
tale of his life: "I intend tn relate
the last 18 years out of 231 have spout
with the cow-boys on the frontier, from
Nevada, through Texas and Arizona.
1 waa born in northern Kentucky.
Here in your country, law is enforced,
but in iny country might makes right
in many cases. At the age of 141
joined in the civil war, and for four
and a half years acted as scout, spy
and soldier. I was born in sin, and
early taught lo ubo the six-shooter and
knife. I was interested iu tho Hill
and Walker feud, of which there only
remains one of the Hills, a cripple; but
110 Walker remains; I am a distant
relative of that family. I ran away
frum home at the age of 0, got bnck,
ran away again at 11, and got back
again and went to school until I was
13. When the war broke nut the atate
was divided about evenly—half confederate, half rebel—and it was hot
work in that country. I am telling
you of my lifo so that you can  see, if
.-,,(;      Very like Black null.
Editor Columbian,—With your permission, I will give an item or two to
the publio with regard to the rates of
freight charged me by tho C. P. N. Oo.'s
Bteamer "Wm, Irving," and give them
the opportunity to judge whether the
above heading is correct or not. The
rates oharged me are 83 per ton from
New Woatminster to Chilliwhaok, while
from Victoria to Chilliwhack the rate is
only $4 per ton, and this at the time
when there aire two steamers running,
the rate on the other being $2 per ton. 1
will also leave the publio to judge what
we might expect if the C. P. N. Co. had
things all their own way. I would not
say bnt we might get rates like we did
when passages on the Pioneer Line from
Chilliwhack to New Westminster wero
$5 each,   . Geo, B, Ashwell.
Chilliwhack, B. C, Jan. 18,18S9.
Late Canadian News.
The Dominion government has de
cided to stop the further issue of mc
das vivendi licenses.
A. P. McDonald, formerly member
for West Middlesex, in the Dominion
house, died last night at Toronto, 75
years of age.
But for a tompornty dyke St. Gabriel ward, Montreal, would be flooded,
there being six and a half feet of water
against the dyke.
Further sessions of the Canadian
Pacific arbitration have been postponed until April 5th, owing to the serious illness of Chancellor Boyd.
The salmon packers of tbe Skeena
have asked for a modification of the
recent fisheries regulations. The petition has 'beeii referred to Mr. Mowat
for report.
A document ia being largely signed
by citizens of Halifax, requesting the
Dominion government to grant a liber
al retiring allowance to Customs Collector Ross.
The inaugural banquet of the Montreal board of trade Wednesday night
was a groat sttcess. Lord Stanley and
Sir John Macdonald were present and
made speeches.
C. Bowden's hat store and Charles
Daldrice's fruit store, Toronto, were
gutted and Mrs. Bun-is' dry-goods
establishments were badly damaged by
fire; loss, $6,000; insurance, $4,000.
The marine depnrtment, Ottawa,
has under consideration a petition from
the corporation of Vancouver, asking
the government to convey to it the
foreshore of False Creek, at Vancou
A petition asking for leniency has
been signed and forwardod to Ottawa
by the friends of Parent, ex-cashier
of the Hocholugn Bank, who express
the desire that his sentence be commuted at an early date.
The reception, of Sir Hector Lange-
vin at the drill shed, Montreal, yesterday afternoon wns attended by 200
prominent citizens. An address wus
presented tn Sir Hector accompanied
by a beautiful bronze statue of himself.
Mrs. Ruth Woodgor, an aged member of the Mitchell Methodist church,
died suddenly Wednesday evening in
her pew. Whilo preparations were
being made to remove the corpse to
hor home the congregation sang "Safe
in the arms of Jesus." Many wept
The report of the ministor of public
worka shows that the expenditure for
the fiscal year ending June last was
$3,428,943, against $3,146,794 in the
previous year, The sum of $25,000 is
devoted to publio buildings in British
Columbia; to harbors in the province,
$120,000. Ontario haB secured the
largest share for public improvements
and Quebec the second.
Mayor Erratt, of Ottawa, and Dr.
Valade, who opposed him at the last
civic election, were both blackballed
on seeking admission to the Ottawa
Olub. The objection to Erratt was on
the ground that he was -'in trade," or
otherwise he "kept a window," and
was not fit to associate with thoso "in
tho service," namely, govornment index clerks. Dr. Valade would have
been acceptable, but ho was on the
same nomination paper as Erratt. The
matter is much discussed at Ottawa.
Special to The Columbian.!
Victoria, Jan. 24.—Advices from
Texada yesterday state the interest at
the scene of the gold excitement is unabated. Numbers are Btill flocking in
and claims are being located everywhere on the east side of the island.
There have been already about 90
licenses issued. The Btr. Maude leaves
here for the ialand to-morrow taking a
number of prospectors. The report
that the B. 0 Milling Ss Mining Co.'s
quartz claim Cariboo has been
"jumped" causes excitement among
the parties who hold the atock in this
oity. The general opinion is that
the existing claim is a lame one.
Much interest was taken in an assault case which is being tried at the
police court. It is thought the result
will be the exposure of the opium ring
in thia city.
A large amount of lumber is being
shipped from Nanaimo to the Skeena
River by the North Pacific Canning
Oompany for the purpose of erecting
an extensive canning establishment.
While T. E. Peck, of East Wellington, was looking for a burglar last
night the gun which he was carrying
accidentally discharged. Mr. Peck
narrowly escaped being shot.
Frank McQuillan, the Alberni postmaster, charged with setting fire to
the houao of J. 0. Mollet was tried at
Nanaimo yesterday and discharged.
Magistrate said there was nut sufficient
evidence to send the case to the jury.
No reliance could be placed on the
evidence of Toll, the principale witness, who swore he saw McQuillan
fire the house.
Mr. Bell, who returned from Texada on Monday, states there are 75
men camped on the east Bide of the
island where the majority of the claims
are located, and the ones located by
Bell's party at Englishman's River
look very promising. Prospectors
from all over tho province nnd Puget
Sound are arriving daily. Eight new
licenses were issued yesterday.
J. Mary, who haB spent the last two
years at Juneau, Alaska, and is now
en route for Seattle, says the future '
outlook is most promising. The Bteamer Idaho, on the next trip, will take up
an eighty stamp mill for Bear's nest
mino, recently sold to an English
syndicate for $2,500,000. G. W. Gar-
side, owner of the Ground' Hog lode at
Silver Bow Basin, is erecting a ten
stamp mill. Thos. S. Noll, manager
of the Boston & Alaska Gold Mining
Co. is erecting nn eighty stamp at
Silver Bow Basin fur treating milling
ore. All ore found in the Basin is very
high grade.
President Harrison will make the
following appointments : Frank J.
Meyers, editor Juneau Mining Record,
collector of customs,- Ool. French, V.
S. marshal; J. H. Keasley, circuit
judge; J. G. Brady, a prominent merchant of Juneau will succeed Governor
VlOTOBIA, Jan. 25.—The stock subscription to the electric streot railway
now amounts to $30,000. A meeting
of stockholders will be held shortly.
L. L. Doane, of the Bunk of B. 0.,
Portland, who has been seriously ill
for tho past two months, arrived home
a few days ago, and is rapidly regaining his strength.
In spite of tho present bright warm
weather, Frank Campbell's weather
prophet predicts a heavy snow storm
within the next few days.
lot 427, in the municipality of
clay loam; about 70 aores cleared and
fenced with good fencing; good bearing
orchard, small frame house, large barn
and stable; good water, both well and
creek: facing un Fraser river with good
steamboat landing. Price, fii.OOO, liberal
terms.        Apply to
no9dlt-wtc Chilliwhack, B. O.
Conveyancer, Notary Public,
McKenzie St., NewWestminster, B.C.
Valuable Building and Manufacturing
Sites for Sale or Lease in the cities of New
Westminster and Vancouver.
Farms for Sale.
Money to Loan on good Roal Estate ae
cu ri ty at reasonable rates,    mh'.'dmlwto
Are pleasant to take. Contain their mm
Purgative. Is a safe, mre and effectual
destroyer of worms m Children or Adults.
fSThcy are not only made of tho
Choicest Tobacco but they are of
Home iH.-iiHil'actiirc, and should be
patronized hy all good citizens.
WM. TIETJEN, Manufacturer,
dwlTnoly Weekly British Columbian
ITednesdny Morning, Jan. 30, 1889.
A late number of the Colonist
contained as a supplement the list
of subsoribors to the Jubilee Hospital proposed to he built at Victoria, and nlsn ii summing up of the
amounts collected and the amount
yet requirer! over and above subscriptions to complete the building
according to the original design.
The total amount contributed, according to the abovo mentioned list,
is $18,139.37,of which $17,350.67
was subscribed by Victoria city,
the remainder being secured from
various places in the province, San
Francisco and Glasgow being down
for $5 and $25 respectively,the only
foreign subscriptions. The total of
subscriptions, $18,139.37, has been
brought up to 820,000 by the addition of §1,800.63, "guaranteed at
the general committee meeting of
26th June, 1888," and this has been
supplemented by a grant of $20,-
000 from the provincial government,
making a total amount available of
$40,000. The contract for the
building has been awarded to Mr.
J. P. Elford for the sum of $50,558,
all the preliminaries arranged, and
active operations have commenced.
A further sum of $10,558 will be
required to complete the undertaking free of debt, and a continuation
of donations, &c, will bo thankfully
raoeivedby Wm. M. Ohudley, hon.
secretary. The statement shows that
there are subscriptions still unpaid,
including $200 promised by the
order of Foresters, of $681.25, and
that J. P. Pemberton has made
donation of land, "value unknown,"
at the head of Fort street, for the
site of the building. The report
addsthat every want has beentakeh
into consideration, aided by an efficient sub-coin nn'ttee, such as a
female ward, infectious disease
wards, quile apart from the main
building, and good accommodation
for pay patients; and it is confidently hoped, on completion of the
building, towards the close of the
present year, that the board of directors will be able to offer facilities
unequalled on the Pacific Coast,
An eastern cotemporary gives
some interesting figures about London's paupers. The ratepayers of
the British metropolis, it says,
support to-day about 100,000 "legal
poor," that is to say, persons for
whom special relief is provided in
asylums of various sorts and at their
homes, and the majority of whom
are poor through misfortune and unable to work. The amount raised
in London on poor rates is nearly
£3,000,000 sterling, over two-thirds
of which is devoted to the support
of the "legal poor," the remainder
covering other payments. Two
classes come under the category
mentioned—the "indoor" und the
"outdoor" poor. The former number about 60,000, and they are
housed in workhouses, sick infirmaries, orphan asylums, and other
relief institutions. The able-bodied
adults among them arc only 8,000
in number, a little over half of them
being men. Tho "unable" consist
of 31,000 sick and infirm in the
work-houses, 13,000 children, all of
tender age, in the schools, 1,000
vagrants, and some 6,000 chronic,
harmless lunatics. This is the extent of London's indoor pauperism,
exclusive of lunatics in the asylums.
The outdoor poor number about 40,-
000, and are nearly all of the "unable" classes, Out-relief is given
only where in-relief would not be
applicable, Families are assisted
in case of the sickness of the father
or mother, or of urgent and sudden
necessity by reason of accident to
limb, infirmity of some member of
the family, or death. Adult women
receive aid when they are widows
left with children; and wives of
soldiers, sailors, wives of prisoners,
and orphan children in the care of
friends are-relieved in special cases.
It is a remarkable fact - that, notwithstanding the rapid growth of
the city—the increase in population
being about 70,000 a year—its
pauperism is diminishing. In 1871
as many as 36 in each 1,000 were
on the outdoor relief list; now the
number is less than twelve. In
1-886, when the population was
under 3,000,000, the whole number of paupers on the rates at one
time was over 100,000 and there
was a pauperism "off and on" the
rate3 of nearly as many moro, making nearly double the pauperism of
to-Jay, when the population is about
4,000,000. A fow yenrs ago the number of actual paupers on the rates at
one time came to as many as 181,-
000. Twenty years ago the proportion of paupers ranged from 36
to 55 in the thousand of population,
while to-day it moves between 24
and 25 in the thousand. The
method of dealing with poverty has
also beon greatly improved. Prior
to 186", when the Metropolitan
Poor Act wns passed, the "local
government system," by which each
parish waa made an independent
centre   of  administration   was   in
vogue. Not only was 'this system
faulty, but in many localities its
administration was ' wretchedly
bad. All this has been changed
during the past two decades,, the
local centres now being under one
common control, and the treatment
of pauperism being' conducted on
settled lines and in accordance with
well-defined principles. To this may
be partly due the decrease in. the
number of "legal poor," but/there
can be no doubt that the- figures
quoted furnish, as the Times says,
"a remarkable testimony to the
growing thrift and independence of
the immense population in the capital of Europe."
The Kamloops Sentinel has the
following to say about the artesian
well experiments of the looal government, in the upper country, and
the remarks thereon of the Victoria
Times. As the Sentinel is on the
ground, it should know something
about the subject, and we republish
its remarks accordingly; "Our excellent cotemporary, the Times, has
of late appeared anxious regarding
tho artesian well experiment of the
local legislature, and with a persistency not even excelled by the
gentleman conducting the experiment, has been boring its readers
with tirades against the government,
the local member and the local organ—the Sentinel—for the total
lack of information anent the success of the experiment, as well as for
the amount of labor performed for
the money expended. True, as the
Times says, the Sentinel is published
within a few miles of the seat of
operations, but the statement is
equally untrue that this journal has
been dumb in the matter. During
the progress of the work the Sentinel
has given a report of what was being
done, and has endeavored, as much
as lay in its power, tb give the matter prominence. But when information regarding any work is being
suppressed, we do not claim a seer's
prophetic vision to enable us to give
details. If the Times can only contain itself with patience until the
report of the experiment is presented
to the house, doubtless it will obtain
all the information necessary regard
ing it. Then it will be able to bore
deeply into statistics, and into the
government as well, and atthe same
time bore its readers with ceaseless
and senseless vaporings by a penny-
a-liner about matter of which he has
no knowledge. Candidly speaking,
we believe the government has been
led into an error in adopting the
system they did to try the experiment. A much more feasible method, and one which would have been
attended with a better measure of
success might have been tried, and
to-day it would have been definitely
known whether the artesian well
system of irrigation is practicable or
otherwise. As it now appears, no
practical good has resulted from the
test made, and the people's money
has been used in boring a hole—nobody knows where, and in giving a
soft time and good wages to a 'gentleman in knickerbockers,' as the
Times terms him. If the government is sincere in a desire to thoroughly test the experiment, and we
believe it is, let the work be undertaken in a practical manner, and if
it is a failure through lack of reaching water, we feel safe in saying the
electors will not object to the expense. But under present circumstances, the government will find it
difficult to satisfy the people tliat
the appropriation was expended
judiciously or in their interests.
Begarding the amount of the appropriation the Times is in error.
It was $3,000 in place of $5,000.
But a thousand or two one way or
the other doe3 not bother the Times
when it wants to get a slap at the
' powers that be.'"
A short time ago our despatches
stated that Gen. Grenfell, commander at Suakim during the recent
hostilities, had secured an apparently authentic account of the manner
in which tho lamented and heroic
Gordon met his death, namely, by
treachery when surrendering his
sword to the Mahdi's generals. A
London despatch dated Jan. 18th,
to an American paper, furnishes the
following interesting particulars:
The mail from Suakim brings despatches from General Grenfell,
among which is the latest, and this
time an absolutely authentic account of the last hours of General
Gordon, the hero of Khartoum,
whose lonely tomb iii the centre of
tho Soudan is nbw venerated even
by the Ma Mists as that of a saint.
The account, which has, been collated with various documents and
reports, and officially declared to be
true, is furnished by Demetrio
Gcorgrio, a Greek, who recently arrived at Suakim from Khartoum.
Georgio was born at Berber, and
was present at the capture and sack
of Khartoum. Here is his story as
told to General Grenfell: "I was at
Khartoum tho night it was taken.
Tho Nile had gone back so that a'
part of the city was open.     Gordon
did not construct fresh trenches and
ramparts, because he thought there
were sufficient troops to defend the
city. There were 3,000, I think.
The. gaps and ull round about were
held by a large force under Farig
Pasha. That night Farig moved his
troops, especially the blacks, from
the gaps, saying the soldiers were
wanted on the other side. Gordon
had perfect confidence in Farig. The
attack took place at two points,
At the largest gap there was no resistance. If the British army, or
even a few nf them, had arrived
even an hour before the attack took
plaoe, Khartoum would not have
been taken, and Gordon's troops
would have fought to the last.
Farig had sent word to the Mahdi:
'Unless you attack to-night all is
lost.' In that night all was blood
and flames. Tbe city had passed
over from the command of Gordon
to the Mahdi. It was a dreadful
night. 1 shall remember it to my
dying day. The air echoed with
horrible shrieks, yells, lamentations,
and wailings, and smelt of blood.
I bad three friends, Greeks. I
hastened to rescue them, I had two
Mahdist uniforms given to me by
an Arab friend. One I gave to one
friend, putting on the other myself.
It was nearing daybreak when I
took my friends to my house. Some
Arabs rushed in tolling me I ought
to go to the government house—the
seraglio, they called it—at once. I
asked why. They replied: 'All the
great officers of the Mahdi have gone
there to kill Gordon Pasha.' When
they saw that the third friend had
no Mahdist garment on they slew
him, We were tken taken into the
court-yard. I saw Gordon Pasha
smoking a cigarette on a balcony
facing the river. We had entered
at the back of the palace, entering
the yard, where the sycamore tree
is. Georgio Demetrio, the principal
medical offloer of the Soudan and
the provinces, and Nicola Lomin-
dita, the Greek consul, were with
him. Five hundred dervishes, who
had been sent by the Mahdi with
special orders to take Gordon alive,
stood at the foot of the staircase.
I went up the stairs, being sent by
the men below, who were vociferating: 'Gordon Pasha! Gordon Pasha!'
Gordon coolly left the balcony. 'Fly,'
said the other two, 'while thero is
yet time. Go in at the little door
and take the boat,' 'Shall I fly and
leave ray post!' Gordon replied, indignantly. 'That, indeed, would be
a disgrace. I shall not fly.' He
then went into his inner room, and
donned his full uniform and sword.
Then he came out, and grandly drew
himself up to his full height. On
his visage was a look of scorn.
'Whom seek ye"' he asked, on gazing
nt the sea of angry faces. 'Gordon
Pasha!' they cried. 'You want him,
do yout I am he. Oome up hither,'
Gordon replied. On being again
urged by Demetrio and the Greek
consul to fly, Gordon replied: 'For
shame! Would you have me abandon
my post ignominiously ?' He could
easily have escaped at the rear then.
As Gordon stood boldly facing the
dervishes several superior Mahdist
generals came up. The dervishes
allowed them to pass. They ascended the stairs and asked for the
Pasha. Gordon met them, saying:
•I am he,' and handed them his
sword in military fashion, intimating
that he knew they had taken the
place and that consequently he surrendered according to the usages of
war. But Nassas, one of tho generals, snatched hold of the sword, at
the same time in a brutal and most
cowardly manner striking Gordon an
unexpected blow. The Pasha would
have fought desperately had he
thought he would not be treated in
an honorable manner. He fell rol
ling down the stairs. As he rolled
another general speared him on the
left side, indicting n dangerous
wound. Thus died Gordon. I was
there a spectator to the ghastly deed.
I got out of the way when he rolled
to the bottom of the stairs. Some
say that Gordon was cut up to little
pieces, but others relate that they
embalmed his body and took it to
the Mahdi. There were bodies cut
up, but I am inclined to believe that
these were the bodies of the consul
and the doctor."
Mayor Hendry's inaugural address, which we publish to-day, is a
distinctly business-like dooumont—
nothing extravagant, bombastic or
spread-eagle about it, and no redundancy of expression. But the
various subjects touched upon in the
address are treated in a style which
shows that the mayor thoroughly
understands what ho is talking
about, that he has intelligently
grasped the present situation, pros-
peots, and requirements of the city,
and is prepared to direct and uid the
aldermanio board in energetically,
and yet cautiously, administering
the civic government in the city's
best interests, commercially and
otherwise. To review the address
briefly, we would strongly second
Mayor Hendry's recommendation,
when referring to the necessity of
amendments to the new city charter, that the council should '-consider
whether the boundaries of the oity
might not be further enlarged so as
to include all the territory shown on
the official city map." It is not a
matter for congratulation that the
new charter requires such extensive
revision, but since it does, lot it be
done well, and any advantage that
the city can obtain, with an eye to
the immediate or even more remote
future, should be secured now. That
it will be an advantage, considering
our prospects and our evident destiny, to have the city limits extended ns suggested abovo, must be apparent. The city is growing rapidly
now—already residences have been
built outside of the limits, although most of these will be included in the addition of 400 acres
made by the new charter so far.
lt is proper to add here that the
supplementary addition suggested
by the mayor would increase the
area within the city limits still
further by about a thousand acres.
We want lots of room for expanding, and, then, an extension of our
city limits means a lower rate of
taxation, an equalization of the burden, and at the samo time an increased revenue, even if it does imply also enlarged responsibilities
and increased expenditures. By
all means, extend the limits. The
mayor's utterances with respect to
the Southern Railway, taken together with the known ability and
integrity of the council as a whole,
must convince anyone that the interests of that important enterprise,
as well as of the city, will be carefully safeguarded and insured. With
regard to street improvements, extensions, kc, a very satisfactory
forecast is given in the address, and
the suggestion that a city civil engineer may be needed to look after
public works is a good one. The
services of such an officer will undoubtedly be required in laying the
foundation for proper water works
and sewerage systems. While deliberation and caution, as recom
mended by the mayor, will be neees
sary in these matters, we believe
that the council eannot be too forcibly impressed with the desirability,
not to say necessity, of hastening by
every means in their powor the time
when this city shall he properly
furnished as regards water and
sewerage. These questions will
brook no causeless delay. No one,
of course, would be so unreasonable
as to imagine that proper comprehensive water works and sewerage
systems should be inaugurated and
completed within the brief space of
less than a twelve month, but we
think, with the mayor, that the
foundation, al least, should be laid
during the current year. The recommendation with regard to the
new city park grounds, "that immediate steps should be taken to
have these grounds made available
for the coming provincial agricultural exhibition, and for the purposes for which they were intended,"
will, we aro safe in saying, meet
with tho hearty approval, not only
of the various members of the council, but of the citizens generally.
The remarks on the proposed city
hall and city market are of the right
sort, as also those, under the head of
"Oommercial Avenues," referring to
the navigation of the Fraser, the
improvements at its mouth, and
other kindred matters. The following clause from the mayor's uddress,
in connection with the river improvements, cannot be too strongly
emphasized: " These improvements
ought to have the constant
attention of the city council until they have been carried out so
as to admit to the Fraser without
hindrance the largest ships afloat."
Happily this much-to-bc-desired consummation is quite within the limits
of easy accomplishment, aud that it
will be accomplished, and that before long, is certain. The channel
has been improved to a marked degrco already, and the further appropriations to which this work,
from its importance, is entitled, and
must receive, will speedily insure
this last and only condition that is
wanting to give Westminster the
highest status as a seaport on the
Pacific Coast. The address also
gives due prominence to the desirability of a daily mail and traffic route
between this city und the municipality of Richmond, and the mayor's
suggestion with respect to a bridge
at the head of Lulu Island, and the
reference to winter navigation on
the river, should have, and no doubt
will secure the best attention of the
council. The mayor's remarks with
respect to increased assessment and
a lower rato of taxation aro appropriate to the circumstances and the
occasion. Towards the conclusion
of. the address the mayor enunciates
tho following maxim for city government, which contains much boiled-
down wisdom nnd also an indication
of the principles that may be expected to control in municipal business during the year: "The affairs
of tho corporation should be ns far
as posaiblo conducted upon the same
general principles as govern the
conduct of private enterprises,'
Tlie closing exhortations breatho the
right spirit, and are worthy of the
attention, and adoption in practice,
of the council as a body. If the affairs of the city during the ensuing
year are conducted, "honestly and
earnestly," on true business principles, and "without fear, favor or af-
feotion," not only the mayor and aldermen, but the citisens as a whole,
will have reason to be proud of our
civic record for 1889.
Merchant Tailor,
Mr, Elson will be at the Colonial Hotel
the Hrst Wednesday ln eaeh month for
tbe purpose of taking orders.    dwJa23to
Assessment Act and Provincial Revenue Tax.
 a partially Improved farm at a bargain should apply to the undersigned,
who has decided to dispose of his homestead. The quality of tbe land Is flrst-
olass. Tbe location ls all that can be desired. Bailway station, steamboat landing, postofflce, ohurohes, and school are
ln the Immediate neighborhood. The
property will be sold cheap,
JaS3wm2 Fort Haney.
■arovna 6.000.000 pwi* ■>«"»•» Uut It
ci toe ursost and most ttllsbla tiourro, mi-1 tfiry nt.
Ferry's Seeds
■*"-  ~     D. JI. KKKBY * 00. tn
«cluio„l6.1,{UTl 1,1 r.0 tb.
urgest i'ceo';.7!3"
*.:,  In the wcrttf.
f$li JLlKimrtCo'.
dvo mill Pilaul
wm i,o nniiiri rnte
to .11 .poller.-, ud
_ , tolutjoM'sc-.rstomw.
. witboutoruoriB.it. I,,™!..
*■> iBtttoUUI'     tihooldMndtorlt Afldwts
D.M. FERRY & CO., Windsor, OnL
X\ cordance with tbo Statutes, that Provlnolal Revenue Tax and all Taxes levied
under the Assessment Aet are now due
for the year 1889. All of the above named
Taxes collectible within the Dlstrlot of
New 'Westminster are payable at my
Assessed Taxes  are collectible at the
following rates, viz.:
If paid on or before June 30th. 1SS0—
Provincial Revenue, $3.00 per capita.
One-half of one per cent, on Real Property.
Seven and one-half cents per aore on Wild
One-third of one per cont. on Personal
One-half of one por cent, on Income.
If paid after June 30th, 1889—
Two-thirds of oue por cent, on Real Fro*
Eight and one-hnlf cents per acre on Wild
One-half of ouo por cent, on Personal Proporty.
Three-fourths of one per cent, on Income.
Assessor & Collector.
New Westminster, B. 0.,
Jauuary, 18SG, dwjal6tljn30
Is the oldest and most popular scientific and
meehnntcftl paper publiihed and dm tbe lamest
circulation of any paper of lta claw ln tbe world.
Fully Illustrated. Beat,class of Wood Bngnv-
iDBfl.  Publiihed weeklr.   Send for specimen
Edition of Solentlfio American. 3
A groat success. Bach issue contains colored
lithographic plates of oountry and city residences or publio buildings. Numerous engraving!
and full plans and specifications for the use ot
eucb as contemplate bull ding. Price $2.60 a rear.
35 cts. a copy.     MUNN 4 CO., PUBLI8HIHB.
maybe secured ny applying to Munn
■ 40 years' experience and hai
■ 100,000 applications for Amerl
.-" elsn patents.   Send for Handi
.... „ JUNK
A Co., wbo
have had ovor
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„  ._. American and For*
elgu patents. Send for Handbook. Cones*
pondeace strictly confidential,
In east roar mark Is not rurlsteml In tbe Patent Offlce, apply to Munn a CoB and procure
Immediate protection. Send for Handbook.
COPYRIGHTS for books, chart*, map.,
•tc, aulckl; procured. Adorau
v HHJNN te CO,, Patent Solicitors.
' ■. eaonui, ornoi: an Sbouwat, tt. r.
Commencing Oot. 10th, 1888.
Ab we have decided to retire from tho retail Dry Goods business this season, We
now place our entire stock on the market at
BnnBJB-5rTH:i3sra- mlttst bbi sox.d.
$6,000 worth of Clothing, Hats and Men's Furnishings.
$20,000 worth of Dry Goods, Carpets, Oil Cloths and
House Furnishing Goods, etc.
narAs we are known to carry ono of the largest and best assorted stocks in the
Province, It will not be necessary to enumerate. An early inspection will convince
the publio that we mean business, and that the stock must be closed out before the
end of this season; therefore we have placed our goods at prices lower than have
ever been offered beforo in this Provinco.
REMEMBER—The Slock must be closed out by the end of the year.
Teems- Undor $100, cash) over $100, secured notos nt threo months with interest,
x>. x»-K,-srsi»A.x.E SB ao.
DryGootls Groceries!
signment of
Crosse & Blackwell's Table Delicacies, Mince
Meat, Plum Puddings, Christmas Fruits,
Soups, Potted and Devilled Meats, Sardines,
Anchovy and Bloater Pastes, Calves' Foot
Jellies, Almonds, Figs, Marmalade. Cheese,
Pickles, Sauces, Malt, Crystal and White
Wine Vinegar, etc., etc.
Including Tools of nil kinds of tho best makes; OroSS-CIlt & Hnnil-Snws,
BarbCtt Wire for Fencing, and all the necessary Utensils for l'ilrlllillKI
Pulley Blocks, Snatch- Blocks, Hope & Chain in nil sizes; Pitch,
Tar & Oakum; Tarred and Plain Paper for Building) Paints & Oils
in all colors; Liquid l'lllllls in all shades; Floor PttintS ready touse; Grind
Stones) Wall Paper in all designs; Brooms & Brushes for all purposes;
Lubricating Oils) Traps of all descriptions, and a general assortment of
Agricultural Implements,
tar .Special attention givon to orders by mail,
dwjly3to Coibm ma Stihikt, Nkw Westminster. Weekly British Columiiian.
Wednesday Horning* Jan. 3(1,11889.
Press Despatches.
Denver, Ool., Jan. 26.—Advices
from Routt, Col., describe a .remarkable earthquake on the. 15th inst.
There were several severe shocks,
shaking the buildings, detaching large
masses of rock from the mountains and
causing Assures in the earth through
which hot water and gaa rushed forth,
accompanied by sulphurous fumes
which made the people ill and caused
the birds to drop to the ground.
Thunder preoeded the shocks but there
was no rain. When the convulsions
ceased the water receded and there
wag a roaring sound which seemed to
be caused by the rushing of a subterranean river.
Washinoton, Jan. 26.—Assistant-
Secretary of State Rives was shown today a dispatch from Zanzibar announcing that n German veBsel had
fired on an American vessel there. He
said ho believed the despatch might bo
correct and the tiring necessary. Some
time ago Germany and England established a blockade of Zanzibar ports tn
prevent the importation of ammunition
to tho natives in revolt, and the exportation of slaves, Mr. Rives thought it
probable the American vessel had been
trying to run the blockade with the
result noted in the dispatch,
San Franoisoo, Jan. 20.—The
American schooner Tinman, just arrived from Marshall Islands, confirms
the report thnt Malieto, the deposed
king of Samoa, waB left at Jaluit, Bon-
ham Islands on Nov. 25th by the German war Bhip Olga. The kin? although
accorded the liberty of the island is
jealously guarded by German soldiers
who prevent him from holding any intercourse with the white people of thst
place. The schooner brings no direct
news from Samoa, Marshall Group
being about fifteen hundred miles
northwest of the scone of the troublo.
Washinoton, Jan. 26.—It is stated
the members of the cabinet hnvo different opinions as to what should be done
by this government in tho Samoan
matter. Secretary Whitney, of the
navy, and Postmaster-General Dickinson, are said to insist on prompt action, while others prefor a policy of
Camden, N.J., Jau. 26 —A female
nurse at Cooper Hospital wns attacked
this morning in a similar manner to
tho unfortunate women of Whitechapel. She will dio. No arrests hare
been made.
Brooklrn, Jan. 26.—No attempt
was made to-day to run street cars
over any of tho lines tied up yesterday,
and no outbreak has occurred though
the company's stables are surrounded
with a crowd of employees. Obstructions have been piled on the tracks in
some streets but it is asserted they are
not the work of strikers.
New Orleans, Jan. 26.—Yesterday
James W. Trainor reprimanded a
colored employee named Samuel Wakefield. Last night Wakefield met
Trainor, and in the altercation which
ensued shot and killed him. Officers
started with Wakefield to jail but a
mob surrounded them and in the
struggle Wakefield was shot and killed.
San Franoisoo, Jan. 26.—The custom house officers found 65 moro tins
of opium secreted in the wainscoating
of cabins on board the steamer Idaho
this morning, which, added to the
amount found yesterday, makes the
seizure worth a 91,000.
New York, Jan. 26.—The Herald's
Washington correspondent telegraphs
this morning that he has recoived authentic information that Blaino has
been offered nnd accepted the position
of secretary of state, and that Wanna-
maker is to be postmaster general.
Cincinnati, Jan. 26.—Sinco early
morning this city has been plunged in
darkness almost like midnight. Street
lamps are burning, stores lighted and
street cars illuminated. It was impossible to see a block away. The
streets were deserted even as late aB
10:30 and tho atmosphere has a yellowish green color, giving objects a ghastly
Philadelphia, Pa., Jan. 6.—Com-
den is much excited over an outrage
similar to the Whitechapel murders.
Miss Annio Eisenhart, night nurse at
the Cooper hospital, was attaoked by a
man between 1 and 2 o'clock this morning whilo on duty. He bound her
with strong chords, knocked her down,
kioked her, cut her hair off, and terribly mutilated her after the Btylo of
"Jack the Ripper." Her attempted
assassin was frightened before he had
completed hia hellish work and mado
his escapo by n rope he improvised by
tying together linen towols he had
found in the bath room where the attack was made. The man was heavy
set, abovo medium height and with
groat strength. He seized his victim
by tho throat, bound her hands and
limbs with stout cord and with a
scalpel cut off her hair and inflicted a
deep gash on the scalp. He hissed between his closed teeth, "I didn't catch
you laat night, but to-night you must
die. Hat hn! You are in my power
and to-night you must die. 1 will
come to-morrow nnd finish the watchman." He then began to beat hor
bare arms and limbs and Miss Eisenhart became unconsoious. He also
jumped on her and kicked her in the
abdomen. When he first grabbed hor
by the throat he naked her for money.
She told him she didn't have any, but
gave him her valuable gold watch.
No trace of the villain has yet been
London, Jan. 26.—The queen has
invited minister and Mrs. Phelps to
dine with her on Monday and remain
at the palace over night.
London, Jan. 26.—A family of sovon
persons were fonnd dead at Oresson,
Saxony, on Thursday, suffocated in
thoir sleep by coal gas.
London, Jan. 26.—The St. James'
Gazette says Lord Sackville West will
shortly succeed Sir W. A. White,
British ambassador at Constantinople.
London, Jan. 26.—To-day is the
fourth anniversary of the death of
Gen. Gordon, who was slain by the
rebels at the capture of Khartoum. His
statue in Trafalgar Square is bedecked
with flowers and wreaths.
New York, Jan. 28. -A Washington special says:—The painful lack of
backbone on the part of the head of
the state department in handling the
Samoan problem is likely to lead to
the disruption of Mr. Cleveland's ca-
binot. Secretary Whitney chafes under the inactivity of the navy department through lack of a polioy to enforce for the state department. Sec-
retaryBayard awaits the action by congress, consequently nothing is being
done. The rumor is current here
that either Secretary Whitney or Secretary Bayard will resign within the
next few days, report even going so
far as to Bay that a resignation has
already been referred to the president.
Whilo it is not known that these rumors havo any foundation in fact, the
present strain in the condition of affairs in the cabinet is undoubtedly the
cause of their irritation.
Duluth, Minn. Jan. 28—Early
this morning fire was discovered in the
opera house block. It started in rear
of tho basement under Girssers' procery.
In 30 minutes the whole building was
in a blaze. The building is a total loss
and the post-office building is also in
ruins, but tho mails were saved, The
opera bouse building cost $100,000 in
1884, The value of Btocks destroyed
ia unknown but will exceed 9100,000.
There were about 20 occupants of the
building and all wore saved. A strong
west wind was blowing at the time and
the thormometer stood about zero.
The St. Louis hotel across the street is
threatened but will probably be saved.
The total loss so far is about 250,0000.
Insurance is supposed to be ample.
Later.—At i o'elook the fire is
under control.
New York, Jan. 28.—Three of the
Brooklyn car strikers have been arrested for the murder of Henry Adams,
a stableman, who refused to leavo his
Lansing, Mich., Jan. 28.—Christian Stochal and his wife, an aged
couple, and a thirteen year old grand
daughter were shot by August Tonto,
19 years old, on Saturday night at
Delphi, 7 miles from this city. Mrs.
Stochal was killed and Stochal and
the girl were shot in the head and may
dio. Tonto, whose purpose wbb robbery, escaped.
Dutch flat, Col, Jan. 28.—Chinatown was destroyed by lire yesterday,
forty buildings being consumed. Lobs
$25,000; no insurance.
Ottawa, Jan. 28.—The government
has seized five miles of the track of
the St. Croix and Penobscot Bailway
in New Brunswick for non-payment of
duty on materials recently imported
from the States and used to refit the
Paris, Jan. 28.—Official results.
Voters, 435,860; Boulanger elected by
244,070. Jacques, 162,520; Boule,
16,760; sundries, 10,358. There is
great enthusiasm. Tho people are
shouting "Vive Boulanger," and "A
Bas la Ohambre." The city is absolutely calm.
Paris, Jan. 28.—The election of
Gen. Boulanger to the chamber of deputies from the department of the
Seine, yesterday, has astounded the
members of tho government. Premier
Floquet haa informed President Oar-
not that the cabinet is prepared to resign if tbe president considers such a
Btep advisible. President Carnot
awaits the result of to-day's sitting of
the chamber before coming to a conclusion.
Paris, Jan. 28.—Premier Floquet
this morning tendered the resignations
of ihe ontiro cabinet lo President
Carnot. The latter declined to receive
Rome, Jan. 28.—Tho Italian parliament was opened to-day by King Humbert. In his speech the king said the
forthcoming bills which would be introduced in parliament were of a very
pacific character. Nevertheless peace
must be safegaarded by the necessary
forces. "Italy," said the king, "continued to work for the peace whioh all
desire and which I declare shall be
kept by us.
Zanzibar, Jan. 28.—The Arabs
have been defeated at Dar Es Salem,
many of them being killed during the
fight. The first lieutenant of the
German warship Sophie was killed by
sunstroke. The defeat of the Arabs
renders the position of the captured
missionaries still more dangerous.
Berlin, Jan. 26.—In tho reichstag,
to-day, Bismarck said that Germany
was in the fullest accord with England,
so far as tho Samoan difficulty is concerned; and would advance, hand in
hand, with her in any action that
might be taken in the affair.,
Liverpool, Jan. 26.—The striking
seamen and firemen here last night
boaided tho steamer Kansas, loading
for Boston, and dragged ashore eight
men who refused to participate in the
strike. One thousand strikers lined
the quay and prevented the men from
■hipping who attempted to do so, as
saulting them and throwing their kits
into the water. A crew was shipped
for the steamer African, and under a
strong police guard they were escorted to the vessel. The crowd of
strikers and their sympathisers are increasing and the police have Bummonod
reinforcements. It is expected that
moro of tho non-strikers will attempt
to ship and that a disturbance will
occur. The shipowners to-day sent
a deputation to the mayor who promised polioe protection.
Dublin, Jan. 29.—David Sheehy,
M. P., arrested in Glasgow on a warrant for violating the Crimes Act, today was senteuced to six months without hard labor, Tho sentence will be
London, Jan. 29.—Mr. and Mrs.
Phelps dined with the queen at Osborne yesterday and returned to town
to-day. They wore treated with marked consideration and received a kindly farewell in taking leave.
London, Jan. 29.—The emperor of
Germany is determined to be, "more
German than Germany" and therefore
he has dismissed hia French cook.
Paris, Jan 29.—The government at
first disconcerted by the result of Sunday's election is preparing to fade the
consequences. President Carnot in
retaining the present ministry iB accepting the full responsibility. Premier Floquet will to-day propose to
the chambers the adoption of tho
Semlin d'Arrondissement, He will also make a statement in the chamber
on Thursday when Boulanger will be
preaent. Boulangists are meanwhile
quiet and using their victory with
moderation. The general himself has
resolved to remain quiet and await the
mistake he says the cabinet ia sure to
make. The chamber, if not inter-
iupted by some unforseen event, will
go on with the consideration of the
budget, which should be completed by
Easter. Then the recess will take
plaoe, when it should prolong its existence until the general elections in
London, Jan. 29. —Stanhope, secretary of state for war, addressed a meeting in Lincolnshire last evening. He
said a thunder oloud was hanging orer
Europe and that sooner or later it
would burst, bringing the fiercest and
most horrible war ever known. It
was impossible to view the preparations
for war now being made throughout
Europe without feeling that war was
approaching. He hoped however that
the wisdom of England's statesmen
would prevent that nation from becoming involved.
New York, Jan. 29 —The American ship Henry Villard cleared to-day
for Seattle, W. T., with a general cargo of merchandise. This ia the first
time in over a year that a vessel haB
cleared for Seattle. If the trip of the
vessel is successful many other vessels
will follow and thus open another
market for New York shippers. The
Villard will probably be several
months iu reaching her destination, as
she will be compelled to go around
South America nnd come up the Pacific const to Seattle. Sho ia n full
rigged ship, a fast sailer unci will probably make fast time.
New York, Jan. 29.—The ship Occidental has just arrived from San
Francisco and reporta having experienced heavy weather and the loss of
two seamen during the voyage.
Butte, Mont, Jan. 29.—At Missoula, last night, fourteen frame buildings, including n gambling houso in
which there was eight thousand dollars
in money, were destroyed by lire.
Less, 820.000.
Washington, Jan. 29.—Blaino is
said to favor a vigorous policy in
Samoan matters.
Aberdeen, Dak., Jan. 29.—The
bodies of two school boys, who were
frozen to death in Friday night's storm,
were found north of here last night.
Duluth, Minn., Jan. 29.—Workmen commenced tearing down tho tottering walls of the opera house,
destroyed by fire yesterday,
morning and had just removed a portion of tho front wall when the east
wall fell with a crash. Several tona of
bricks tumbled on to the roof of a
small frame building adjoining and
buried several people in tho ruins.
Screams and groans were heard as soon
as the frame building fell in and immediately a fire started and got under
headway. The chemical engines went
to work and subdued the flames partially. It is believed the imprisoned
people were doad before the fire touched them.
Oroville, Col., Jan, 29.-Arthur
Anderson, aged 20, was shot and killed
by a companion named Craver, yesterday, while hunting. Anderson hod
gono into the bushes and wns mistaken
for a deer by Craver.
"New York, Jan. 29.—Robert Jay
in some maimer made himself objectionable to the strikers to-day and was
badly beaten. The ambulance took him
to Bellevue hospital.
Washington, Jan. 29.—Senator
Stewart, of Nevada, sent n memorial
last night to President elect Harrison
from the Nevada legislature requesting
the appointment of a Pacitic Coast man
in his cabinet.
In the debate on the address iu the
Ontario legislature, in closing his remarks, Mr. Meredith lired the first
shot anent the licensing system, which
it is expected will causo somo lively
discussions during the session, lie
said no moro demoralizing system existed than the present license system.
Tho Crooks' Act has been used as an
instrument of powor in the hands of
the government. They hnd degraded
the traffic to partizan uses und abused
the trust reposed in ther.. until the
license system had become n menace to
the liberties and rights of free people,
and immediate legislation must be
enacted to break up this reign of terror
and despotism, and Premier Mowat,
replying to Meredith, defended tho attacks made on the licensing system,
whieh he characterized as infinitely
superior to any scheme over enforced
in this or any other country. He denied that any partisanship had been
praoticed in granting licenses. He
looked forward to a quiet and useful
business session. The address was
then passed without division and the
houso adjourned. Feeling references
were made in tho speeches to the on-
forced retirement of Hon. Mr. Pardee.
Mary Ann Alber of Toronto a woman
of 36 years, was putting hay into a
trough whioh runs from tho loft to
the horses' bin when sho fell into the
trough and was smothered.
Lulu Island. Apply to
wJalOU) Lulu Island, II.C.
An Explanation.
Editor Columbian. — In the lost
weekly Columbian, I noticed on article
on ' 'Chilliwhack Teinperanoe." I think
I should give a few words of explanation,
for the writer of tho letter, in referring
to me as the first speaker at the temperance moeting, said that I did not agree
with Rev. Mr. Patterson's statement
made in a previous meeting, that "a man
must be converted beforo he can become
a temperance man." The writer of that
letter must not forget that there are
forms of intemperance more appalling
than the intemperanco of the liquor
traffic. I referred only to the liquor
traffio, and asked Mr. Patterson if he
understood me, ho said he did, arid did
not seem to consider that I was disagreeing with him. It is strange indeed that
any person should have misinterpreted
those words. The church is indeed the
groat agent of moral reform. It is doing
a glorious work, teaching men and women
how to bring up their children. Blackie
says: "Primroses grow only in the spring;
and certain virtues, if thoy do not put
forth vigorous shoots in youth, are not
likely to show any luxuriant leafage in
after age." It is organizing in nearly
every part of the globe for benevolence;
endeavoring to carry out the doctrine of
Christ, and to introduce them in all matters and customs to the whole community.
I cannot tell all the good that the church
is doing, but such an organization ob the
temperance literary society, which wo
were endeavoring to form, might reclaim
many drunkards whom tho church could
not reach. As an illustration, I said,
"one might ns well say, away with your
{irohibitory laws against murder, etc.,
et us convert 'all men and then there will
be no crimes committed." It is unfortunate that there are no stenographers here
to take down speeches verbatim. Our
Chilliwhack reporters certainly do not
make a life business of writing newspaper articles. Any person who speaks
at public meetings iu Chilliwhack, and
wishes to be rightly understood, will
havo to run around all his life, liko a
kitten after its tail, explaining all his
expressions andsetting misunderstandings
right. J. T. Wilkinson.
Chilliwhack, Jan. 25, 1889.
Wholesale City Market.
Beet,     per 100 lbs $ 6 50 9 ll 50
Pork          "           8 00® iioo
Mutton       "           8 001 0 00
Potatoes     "           60 @ 75
Cabbage     "  50 @ 100
Onions      ."           100 @ 150
Wheal        "            1 50 @ 0 00
Oats            "            1 25® 1 50
Peas            "            I 50® 2 00
Hay,        per Ion     12 00(815 00
Butter (rolls) per lt>  (128(3 0 35
Cheese,             "    Dll(i JIB
Eggs,       perdoz  0 85® 10
Conlwoorl (retail) per cord  8 OO 19 i 00
Apples, por box  80 @ 1 25
Hldeslgfinlper 100 lbs  loo® 0 00
"    (dryl       "       -  5 00 8 1)00
Wool, perib  0® 10
Meteorological Beport for Week finding
Jan. itoib, last.
max. min. rain.
Sunday. , 87.0    84.0    1,20
Monday 11.0    80.0
Tuesday 11.0    88.0    0.22
Wednesday 40.0    87.0    0.75
Thursday 46.0    85.0    1.83
Friday  43.0     32.0
Saturday 31.0     29.0
Rain and fog; mild.
A. Peele, Capt'n.
Offices. Masonic Buildings,New Westminster, and Vancouver, B. c.     Jysld wto
Offices—MaBonlc Building,
dwlelotc New Westminster, B. C.
rt  W. GRANT,
OFFICE-Corner Mary and Clarkson sts,
Office—New Masonlo Block,
dwoplStc Westminster.
M, Can. Soo. C. E.
Office—Now Masonlo lllock,
ilwmhl'tc New Westminster.
AltNim HIM,. R. A. Dr..
M.Can. Boo.CE., Assoc. M. Inst.C.E.
Olllco of the Coquitlam Water Works Co.
Masonic Block, Wostminstcr.   wmh28
Mill, Mining & Agricultural
Thc Win. Hamilton M'f'g Co., McGregor, Gourlay & Co., Gol-
dlo & McCulloch, John Abell, D. Maxwell, The "Little Maxwell," Itufprd American Plow Co., Molinc Wilson Co., John
Doty Engine Co., M. Beatty and Sons (Contractors Plant).
dWnoSto   . WESTMHTE7ES, S. G.
Planing 11 Company, Li
All Kinds of Bon£li and Dressed Lumber
Shingles. Shakes, Laths, Pickets,
Wood Furnishing for Canneries.
Doors.   Frames,   Windows,
Mouldings. Balusters.
Blinds. Brackets.
Railings, Newels*
the celebrated
Consisting of 5294 acres excellent farming
land, situated on the Fraser River, near
Langley, about 25 miles from Westminster,
in blocks to suit purchasers ef 20 acres
and upwards, at prices varying according
to quality and location, on very easy terms
of payment.
Steamer landing and good wagon roads
adjacent to the premises and railroad station immediately across the river.
HfS^A. competent man is now on the ground
to show intending purchasers the property.
Round trip tickets from Westminster and
Vancouver furnished intending purchasers
free of charge.
Weekly British Columbian
Wednesday Horning, Jan. 30. 188*.
Late Despatches.
New York, Jan. 19.—A species of
American pond lily that grows everywhere in America waa recently recognized by tho Chineae botanist, Dr. Li,
as a famous Chinese food delioacy,
whose potato-like root is considered
finer than the best yams. The discoverer sent specimens to ,i Chinese
farmer in California, who planted them
and raised nearly a ton. Yesterday
two barrels of them arrived from San
Francisco, and were eagerly bought at
20 cents per pound.
Boston, Jan. 17.—It is the old story,
John L. Sullivan, onoo without a peer
in the fistic arena, has again met his
old conqueror, rum, and has become a
groggery. He has forgotten and broken
the vows made nn his sick bed at
death's door a few months ago. This
time, it is feared by those closest to
him that he has started ou his last debauch, for he is not a well man by any
means, and it will take but a few days
of dissipation to send him to his bed
again. Tuesday night he began his
carouse, and when he once begins
there is no telling when he will end.
He first called at all of his old haunts
and drank to his heart's content, not
because he was asked to drink, but because he desired rum and got what he
desired. Ho wound up last night's
sport by sleeping off some of its ill-effects in the bar-room of a friend, but
whon he awoke he began his celebration
over again.
New York, Jan. 18.—The fourth
annual dinner of the associated pioneers of the territorial duys of California and the reunion of forty-niners,
took place to-night. It was the fortieth
anniversary of 'their departure for the
Hold fields. IJ. S. District Attorney
Wilbur, of Brooklyn, made a salutatory address which callod forth many
recollections of the duys of the gold
fever. Gen. John C. Fremont, who
was to have responded to the toast,
"the army and nnvy," Bent a letter of
regret at his inability to attend. Similar lotters from Gen. VV. T. Sherman,
Dennis Strong and Wm. Hampton
were read.
Rochester, N. Y., Jan. 19.—Near
Child's Station last night Mrs. Myran
Davis was brutally murdered by a hired
man who escaped. The name of the
women is Mary J. Hale, aged 60, and
she waa murdered by Chris Sticklen-
burgher, aged 1G. He beat her to
death with a boot, horribly mangling
her.   The object was robbery.
Washington, Jan. 19.—After the
routine of business the senate resumed
the consideration of the tariff bill and
took up the sugar schedule. No
amendment was offered. The paragraph as to penknives and razors was
taken up, the question being on an
amendment reported to it on the 16th
inst. Vest opposed the amendment,
claiming that it was an undue increase
on the cheaper grades,
Lafayette, Mo., Jan. 19.—ThiB
morning Flora Bohr, aged 16, shot and
fatally wounded Mrs, E. J. Johnson,
arid then committed suicide. Tho act
was committed because Mrs. Johnson
objected to her son's marriage to Miss
New Haven, Jan. 21.—A man recently wrote to the postmaster, saying
that he was about to begin murdering
womon, and signed himself "Jack the
Hipper." The police arrested T. B.
Harrison on a chargo of forucry. Lotters in the samo handwriting as that
receivod by the postmnster were found
on his person.
a ma fiout.
Syracuse, N. Y., Jan. 21.—Soveral
cases interesting to railroad men will
be tried this week. Some conductors
discharged by tho Ogdcnsburg Bail-
road on the chargo of dishonesty, and
their back pay retained, are suing for
their money to establish a precedent.
They are backed by the Conductors'
Associatiou of the United States, nnd
will make n big tight.
Columbus, 0., Jnn. 21.—A special
from Mechanicsville, Ala., saya: The
17-year-old daughter of Joe Weeks
(colored) forced four of her younger
sisters to tako poison. Two of them
have died and the others suffered terribly.   The girl admits the crime.
MRS. gold's will.
New York, Jan. 21.—Tho will of
Helen Gould, wife of Jay Gould, was
filed in the surrogate's office to-day;
The executors are Jay Gould and the
Jeoeased's brother. Dan. S. Miller, jr.
She bequeaths all her jeweliy, wearing
apparel and silverware to her two
daughters, Helen 0. and Anna Gould.
The will sets apart a fund of $30,000
for each of the children. The real and
personal property is divided between
the children, share and share alike.
a crazy pastor.
Paterson, N.J., Jan. 21.—Eev.Mr.
Lookwood, pastor of the Eeformed
ohuroh at Fairfield, while suffering
from aoute dementia last night, made
• horrible attempt to burn up his
family. Hii wife and children, owing
to his wild threats to kill them, barricaded themselves in a portion of the
house. The madman then kindled a
fire in the corner of each room. As
floors and furniture blazed up the
husband and father made threats to
brain the members of his family if
they attempted to escape. A neighbor, attracted by the flames, gave the
alarm and men quickly gathered, secured the man and resoued the family
just in time from being burned to
Scitanton, Pa., Jan. 21.— A wrestling match, catch-as-cntch-cnn, between
the Jap, Matsadea Sorakichi, and the
Greek, Antoine Pierre, resulted in a
victory for the-latter after a terrible
struggle in which the Jap was strangled
so that blood flowed freely from bis
nostrils. He won the first bout. In
the second he was strangled and
downed. In the third, in spite of
weakness, he struggled 67 minutes before the Greek succeeded in 'downing
him. The crowd was exceedingly exasperated at the rough treatment accorded the Jap and there was nearly
a riot at one time.
Baltimore, Jan. 22.—Hon, James
G. Blame presided at the annual meeting of the West Virginia Central and
Pittsburg railroad to-day, and caused
some amusement by voting the proxies
of Secretary Bayard. Hon. W. H.
Barnum resigned from the - directory.
Blaine told an Associated Press representative when asked, "Will you be
our next secretary of state?" "That
quostion could be better answered at
St. Louis, Jan. 22.—A dispatch
from Austin, Texas, referring.: to the
blunder committed by the presidential
electors of the state, in not signing the
names on the envelopes containing the
vote of Texas, and the consequent non-
acceptance of it yesterday by Acting
Vice-President Ingalls, Bays; Gov.
Boss immediately telegraphed nil the
electors to meet at Austin at once and
prepare another return: There is some
chonco of not boing able to do this in
time, as some of the electors live in remote parts of the state. It there is a
delay on their part, or a loss of even
two hours' time ou the part of the messenger, the count will have to be made
without Texas.
Albany, Ogn., Jan. 22.—John
Huddlesori was accidentally shot in the
head by Jos. Klum, whilo deer hunting
near here yesterday, dying almost instantly. The gun slipped in Klum's
London, Jan. 23.—The queen has
intimated her intention of relaxing
the strict rules ubout low cut dresses
of ladies attending the drawing rooms,
so thoy will not be required to expose
themselves when half naked to the
bleak air of a February day.
Several erroneous statements have
recently appeared in the papers about
the queen's will. The real truth is
that her majesty's will was made in
1876. It is a document of, portenti-
ous length, being engrossed on vellum
of qurato size, is bound up into a huge
volume and secured by lock. At the
end are several blank pages for codicils, of which up to the present the
queen has made three, one early in
1879, after the death of the Princess
Alice, another in the summer of 1884
after the death of the Duke of Albany
and another recently which deals exclusively with the jubilee gifts.
I gave an account a fortnight ago of
the queen's celebrated Sevres dessert
service, which is kept in the green
drawing room at Windsor castle.' Mr,
Goode, who is the most eminent expert in suoh matters, informs me that
no fewer than 28 pieces of the aervice
were lost or stolen during the reign
of George IV when it was in daily use
at Carleton House for hiB majesty's
private table. Mr. Goode during tho
last fifteen years has managed to buy
baok nineteen of these pieces which
are identical in every respect with
those in the cabinets in the green
drawing room. Goode values the service, which belongs to tho crown and
is not the property of the queen, at
fully 3500,000 and one piece alone, the
famous punch bow), was valued a few
years ago by a well-known auctioneer
nt $50,000, while Mr. Gotdo himBelf
vainly offered $25,000 to the present
owner of one of the missing plates.
The value of the chirm at Buckingham
Palace and in private apartments at
Windsor must considerably exceed
Philadelphia. Pa., Jan. 23.—A
dispatch from the University of Pennsylvania exploring expedition snys they
arrived at Bagdad, after much difficulty. They are now not far from ihe
Bite of the ancient Babylon. It is expected that excavations will begin at
once. Tho Sultan's permit only allows
excavations for antiquities bllt does
not allow thom to be carried out of the
for Infants and Children.
' "OMfwriakKweUuhptedtnchttdTenthat I CatterU cures Oolle, Oonstlpalion,
Iracomm-ndltMmpeskrtoaajpreicrlptloaI So™"Stomach,, Dl«rrho». *™<**!lon.
WSr-.tafeiatt.SnoUra.X.T.   I Wttfout in'urlousmnUeatloB.
Thi CrarAUH Company, 77 Hurray Street, N. Y.
Maple Uldge Council.
Tho first regular meeting of tho council was held on $Ionday,: Jan. 21st.
Conn. Isaac iu the chair. ' Communications were receivod from T. F. Sinclair
and Hector Ferguson, .tendering thoir
resignations as reeve and councillor, respectively, which were, accepted, and
Monday, Jan, 28tli was named as the
day of nomination to fill -the.vacancies-
Polls, if any, to be held on the Thursday
following. K. W. Beckett was appointed
returning officer. D; C. Webber was
appointee! as clerk, assessor, collector
end treasurer of the municipality for the
year 1889, at. a salary of $200. Board
of health was authorized to pay some
quarantine bills. After ordering-some
necessary repairs to town: hall, counoil
adjourned till next regular meeting.
ji...    .,i . ..   ■ --.
The news of Customs Collector Boas'
removal has created a deep sensation
in Halifax, as ho hss always been .well
known and liked in the office arid esteemed by the citizens.' Mr. Boss has
been for 11 years collector at that port,
and his resignation is the result of his
allowing the transhipment of the cargo
of fish of ths Gloucester schooner Bos
ton. It is looked upon at Halifax as
absurd that a collector should be dismissed for this, and lt is said it was
rather the faot that he was a liberal
and an appointee of Mr. Mackenzie.
Mr. Boss was for a short time in the
Mackenzie cabinet.
Agents: T. N. HIBBEN & CO., Viotoria.
Family Groceries
Colambla Street,       New Westminster.
$35,000 OF STOCK.
Beg to inform the people of New Westminster City
and District that they will offer their
entire Stock of
DRY eoo
Sale commencing 12th October, 1888.
Practical Watchmaker,  Manufacturing
Jeweler & Optician.
A full line of Spectacles & Eye-GlasSCS in steel, rubber, silver and gold
frames.   The finest Pebbles made, ?4 per pair; all sights suited.
Special attention given to PINE WATCH REPAIRS. Bnviug learned the
business thoroughly from some of tho finest Horo'.ogors in England, and since then
managed the watch-repairing departments of a few of the best firms on the continent of America, is a sufficient guarantee of good workmanship. Formerly manager for nearly 8 years of the well-known firm of Savage k Lyman, Montreal.
Charges Moderate, _ ,
Montreal, Dec, 1887.—Mr. F, Crake.—Andw. Robertson, Esq., Chairman of
Montreal Harbor Commissioners, says: "I never found a Watchmaker who did so
well for me as you did when in Montreal, and I am sorry you are not here to-day."
Douglas & Deighton,
Columbia Street,       New Westminster, B. C.
, noldwly
Constantly on Hand an Extensive Stook of
Dry Goods, drrtceries,  Boots A Shoes, Hats & Caps,
Crockery, Glassware, Ae.
-BCBS-'B     *    BO-Z-S'     SUITS.
Great Variety of Household Articles.   Also,
1*. S.—Farm Produce bought at markot rates or sold on commission. sat-Orders
from the Interior promptly attended to. dwjesto
Dominion lands.
J, Pre-emption or for rent of Mining or
Grazing Land, or buying Farm, Mining
or any land from the Dominion Government,
But pay In SOiRIF and save a
large discount.
Scrip wm be obtained ln large or small
quantities from
o l
V  r
If) j
<3C   OO.
Real  Estate,
Financial Agents
Purchase, Sell and Lease Property,
Collect Rents,
Make Loans on Mortgages,
And transact all Business relating to
Real Estate.
london Assurance Corporation.
Connecticut Fire Insurance Co. of
London and Lancashire Life Assurance Co.
Canton Insurance Oflice, Ld. (Marine)
Columbia St., New West'r.
41 Government St., Victoria
A IiL PERSONS are heroby warned a-
J\ gainst negotiating two certain promissory notes made by William Trethewey and Oustav Hauck conjointly on the
17th das of May last ln favor of Mrs. M.
A. Trethewey of the Mission, Fraser River,
for 8265.00 and (200.00 respectively. These
notes have rreen sritlsfleu on the 29th of
June last and have so far been withheld
from me by Mrs. Trethewey under the
plea that they are mislaid.
■ .     ,;       GUSTAV HAUCK.
Ladner's Landing, Jan, 1,1880, dwja2m
Foundry^ Machine Works
works havo muoh pleasure ln notifying their friends and the publio that they
nre now prepared to receive and promptly
execute nny orders for work ln their line
with wbloh they may be favored,
Mechanical "Manager.
Vancouver, B.C., 8th May, 1888,
The above Works are re-opened and in
addition to tho present marble stoek
will shortly receive several Monuments of the finest
Fruit Trees,
Ornamental Trees,
Small Fruits,
And GARDEN STOOK on hand ln great
Everything flrst-class nnd furnished ln
good shape.
tta. Send 15 cts. for valuable 80-pnge Descriptive Catalogue with 6 beautiful colored plates. Price Lists sent. free.
dwdeiotc Port Hammond, B. C.
Real Estate Brokers and
Financial Agents.
Confederation hlto Attociation of
Hoyal nnd Lancashire Fire Insurance Com panics,
■^.Valuable Lots for Rale in the Oity
and District of Westminster; and choice
Lots in the City of Vancouver.
Persons wishing to buy or sell city or
rural property should communicate with
Offices: Bank of B.C. building, opposite
postofflce, Westminster, and Hustings8U1
Vancouver, dwaplflto
W. L. Leonard ^ Co
Importers and Dealers ln
ig front
disordered ClV. .:,   K.J..-V3,   tl'OMAOH,
T. MILBURN & SO., p'-*'is,00„6nto
Mary Street, NewWestminster, B.C.
London and L.nmt.hlre Fire Midi
Brltl.h Empire Life In.nre.nee
New Weatmlnster Bnlldlng Society.
Accountant'. Olllco, Diocese tt N.W.
Oity Auditors, 1886,1881 and IBM.
and other monetary transactions.
Have several good Investments on their
books, and all new comers will do well to
call before doing business elsewhere.


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