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Daily British Columbian Feb 16, 1889

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Array ¥
Go.ornm-iH Printing oil'
■■ '
Columbian.
VOLUME'
NEW  WESTMINSTER, B. 0„ SATURDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 16, 1889.
NUMBER 41
JOSEPH B. OA.VHOR, B.A..1.I..D.
ftOVD MEDAMST, UHIVEB8ITY ,OF
yt Dublin. BARRISTBIMit-Law, High
CourtolJqstlce.Il-liinil. OmeOolonCil
Hotel Block, Colombia 6t.,Now Wwlraln*
stor.D. C. i ddo7t_
po«m>[Li>, aecou a jk»S»,
a19-       BARnlSTEKB, '   :-
, .   i .   . . .
3ui.anT0HB',ETa
Office.. Hosoulo Buildings,Kew Wosnaln*
filer, and Vancouver, B. c.     JyPlulfflio
rp  0. ATKIMION,   < >
RARRISTER, BOLIOITOB, *c.
Offices—Masonic Building,
tmteWe New Westminster, B. 0.
w
NORM AH DO-.B, 4. C,
BARRISTER-AT-LAW.
Land A-jpul Monoy to Loan,
Olarkson Btreet,1
.e2tb. *      . New W«ntmln_t.r, & C.
/-(LOW * MAOLUHB,
:   ARCfflTEora
OKKicK-Uoom E,
Ovor Bank of B. C,
Columbia street.
ft   W. GRANT,
ARCHITEOTI
OKKlc-R-Corner Mary and Clarkson Sts,
dwfe25to
WII.I.IAH R. KINS,
ARCHITEOT,
BUILDING * LAND SURVEYOR,
SANITARY ENGINEER,
OrF10M-**New Masonic Block,
dap!8tc Westminster.
VTALLANOAINB * BANSOH,
ARCHITECTS.
Hastings St.
VANCOUVER, B. 0.
dauDOto
A. r. ciottos.,
DOMINION Asia PROVINCIAL LAND
SURVEYOR, omce: RoomD.Bank
ot B, 0. bnlldlng, Wostmlnster, B. 0.
ALBERT J, HILL,
M, OAN. Boo. 0. E.
CIVIL EN01NEEU,
LAND SURVEYOR and
DUAUdHTSMAN.
Opfiok—Now Masonlo Blook,
duahlfito New Westminster.
rn J trapp,
'auctioneer and appraiser,
Columbia Street ....New Westminster
All commissions will' receivo prompt
and careful attention. Best references
givon when required. mhl2-to
R
RAND BROS.
KAl, BBTATB BROKER!,
Conveyancers, Collaet ora,
And Insurant-. Agents,
Offloos at
NEW WESTMINSTER: Corner
McKouzle and Clarkson Sts.
'. VANCOUVER, Cordova Street.
LONDON, England.
BUILDING LOTS for sale In all sections
of Vancouver and Now Westminster City.
FARM LANDS ot superior quality for
sale  at Chi 111 tr hack,  Port Hummoml,
L-uiglcy, Matsqui, Sumas, Mud Buy, I.ii-_-
ni r's Landing, Lulu Island, North Arm
nnd Plti River.
Maps and Plans exhibited nnd the fall"
.nit Information furnished atnll our offices,
feMto
MAJOR & PEARSON
Beal Estate Brokers and
Financial Agents.
AGENTS FOR
Confederation Life Association of
Toronto.
Royal nnd Lancashire Fire Insurance Companies. - -'
ukValuaMe Lots tor sale lu the Oity
and District ot Westminster; and choice
Lots ln the City of Vancouver.   ■
Forsook wishing to buy or sol! city or
rural property should communicate with
us.
Offices: Bank of B.0. building, opposite
postoffiee, Westminster, and Hastings St.,
Vanoouver. .-,   ,   dwaplfltc
J. W. WINGER,
DEALER IN
HARD 4 80FTW00D
DRAYING AND TEAMING DONE AT
short notice nt reasonable terms.  f!5
mivi
ne
¥RH. FLANDERS WILL GIVE ROTH
Vocal and Instrumental Lessons at
H. Higgins', Mary St., or at private
residences If desired, besides tlio vocal
el-iM held every Saturday evening lu tho
Baptist Church and tho one at Ladner's
Lauding. For further particulars, apply
to UBS. FLANDERS,
djattml Mary Struct.
W.C LOYE,
Fuhionablft Soot u_ Sio. ■*_«,
Repalrlni Neatly Dono. Cork Sole
Work a Sp-.cl-._tr.
•rorders promptly attended to.
Olarkton St., In rear ot Colonial Hotel, next to Baud Bros.'office, dnolto
Dress-Making I
Hisses MCDOUGALL
COLUMBIA   STREET,'.
New Westminster, B. C.
W-SatUtHMongu.rantoed.      daplstc
K-tOXtJ_-Xt__-3B
DRESSMAKING
At nm ji_i.i_in«s',
(Lat» or Ekolass)
Corner of Ohuroh and Colambla street.,
SBtr WESTMINSTER,
avHallafaotlon guaranteed.    dwfeTtc'
WM. H. VIANEN,
WHOLESALE
Fisb i Game
FRONT STREET.
New Westminster, Brit. Col.
«r Highest l'rlco paid for Fur. and
Deer Hide..
Correspondence Invited.  wtTelophon.
GENERAL & SHELF HARDWARE,
Including Tools of all kinds ol the best make.; 4'rostHut & lllind-SltWa,
Barbel Wire for Fencing, and all tha necessary Iltcnslls for Farming)
Pulley Mocks, Snatch Blocks, Rope & Chain in all sizes; PiteH,
Tar & Oakum, Tarred and Plain Paper for Bulldlngi Paints & Oils
b all oolorsi UdnidPalnts'ln all shades! Floor Paints ready tonsc; Grind
Stonesi Wall Paper in all designs; Brooms ti Brushes for all purposes;
Lubrication; .Oils; Traps of all descriptions, and a general assortment of
Agricultural Implements,
tr Special attention given to orders by mail.
IV. T. )1'_R-_f_w__?_P SO CO.,
dwjlyiltc .-'•.' Columbia Street, New Westminster.
W
E ARE NOT GIVING AWAY OUR BOOTS AND
SHOES, b.ut wc are selling off at a . .
Reduction of 15 Per Cent.
From our already.Low. Erice§,j.nd will continue to dp so for 30
days from Feb. 1st. ■*
We will accept approved cheques on either of the Banks of
our city, if the purchaser does not happen to have the money in
his (or her) pocket. . Call and see us.
dw,o GRANT & MACLURE.
PANTS TO ORDER
ae.oo
j. s. manson,
Merchant Tailor
Marshall Sinclair's Old Stand,
COLUMBIA ST.
NEW WESTMINSTER.
noldlv
Call No. 6,
dja8tc
Attention!
w
GLOBE HOUSE.
E ARE NOW OFFERING OUR ENTIRE STOCK
of
Dry Goods at Bed-rock Prices!
to make room for SPRING GOODS.   Call early and secure
___3-_A__E5a-__A.i___<rs_
MRS. WM. RAfcr
RAND BROS.
Real Estate
;
Insurance and Financial
-A-GrE-lNrT-S.
offiods ,
NEW WESTMINSTER, TmSzT???"
VANCOUVER, co%EBRoTCT°S?°R^TrD
Anderson Block, Qranvlllo Street.
LONDON, ENG. .or cannon
8T.
Farming Lands^Town Lots
T
OF ALL DESCRIPTIONS FOR SALE.
Business Property.
Lot facing on Columbia and .Front Sts.,
tn central portion of tho cily; aeveral
buildings bring good rent -125,000,00.
Lot 4, Block 7, near Lytton'Squaro,
00x132 feet, fronting on Columbia and
Front Sts.-80,000.O0.
Corner Lot on Columbia St., 33x00 feet—
84,000.00,
Also—Lot and Building with .took of
Goods, one of the best businesa stands
in the city,
Improved Residential Property
Lot IS, Blook 13; two houses rented at
paying figures-. 1,500.00.
Lot 20, Bloek 28) corner lot on Agnes
St., with 2 good houses.
Houso and Lot on Lorno St., near Col*
umbia-tl200.00.
Lot. 4, 5 ft 0, Block 10; good house,
garden, ftc.i oholco residence property
. -W00.0.: 'i
Comer Lot oh Columbia St.; fenced and
cleared-llSOO.OO.
Vacant Residential Property.
Lot 1, Blook 28; corner lot oh Agnes St.;
lino residence sito-11200.00.
Lot 30, Victoria Hardens; fronting on
Agnes Streot and centrally located—
.800.00. •
Lot I, Alice Hardens; comor lot near
Columbia St.-(700.00.
Lots 4, 5 It fl, Louise Hardens; beautiful
sltuatloB^WOOlOO each.
Lot 30, Clinton l'Iaco-|400.00.
Lot. 20 & ,10, St. Andrew's Square—
I 8525.00,
Lots 24 1 25, St. . Patrick's Square-
8225.00 each.. ".' I jf
Lot. on St. Andrew's St., near Queen's
Avenue—8500.00 each.
Lots on Mary, Polham nnd St. John's
Sts.; excellent for residences—8150.00
to 8000.00.
Lots on Montreal, Douglas' vnnd St.
John's Sts.; One views and well situ-
ated-8250.00 to 8400.00. 1   rr   r
Lot on Melbourne St., near Clinton—
8200.00.
Lot 0, Sub-Block 10; line residence lots-
8175.00 to 8225.00.
Lot 10, Sub-Block 13| in rapidly growing settlement; lots at 8125.00 eaoh.
Speculative Property.,
Lota tn' Subdivisions of Lots 4 and 7,
Sub-Block 0-875.00 to 8100.00; nnd
Lots In Subdivisions of Lota 7, 8 aud 11,
Sub-Block 12-835.00 to 8100.00.
Theae lot. aro all finely situated and
.will doubtless soon bo thickly settled.
Lot. iu Westminster Addition Bt 8U.00
to 850.00,
Ono-hnlf acre Lots near tho City, at
835.00 to 890.00.
OFFICIAL DIRECTORY.
.faity fritish (Columbian
Civic Ofkioebs.—Mayor, John Hendry;
Oity Clerk, D. Kn.ir.oii; Cily Treasurer,
Engineer,Ac., A. F.Collon; Police Magistrate, T. C. Atkinson; Chief Engineer Fire
Department., T. Ackerman; Assistant, W.
W. Dickinson.    '
Court Officials.—Judge of the Supreme Court, Hon. J. F. McCrelKht; Regis-
trai, W. H. Fulding; Sheriff, W.J. Arm-.
strong.
Provincial Offiorrb. — Government
Agent, Chan. Warwick; KegintrarofTitleR,
It. W. Armstrong; Supt. ot provincial
Asylum, Dr. II. I. Bentley; Kursar of Any-
lorn, Jas. Phillip..; Governor of Central
Prison, Win. Moresby; Steward Royal Columbian Hosnltnl, Clins. Digby; immigration Agent, Jno. Sprott: Coroner, W.
I>. Kerrls; KegUtrar of Rlairlage Licenses,
W. J. Armstrong,
Dominion Officials.—Postmaster, J. O.
Brown; Collector of CiiHtoms,.!. 8. Clute;
Warden of Penitentiary, A. H. McBride;
Dominion Land Agent, H. B. W. Aikimin;
Crown Tlmher Agent, T. S. Higginson;
InKpeetorof Fisheries, Thos. Mowat.
Kepreshntatives.—Henntor, Dr. T. It.
Mclnnos; House of CommoiiH, Donald
Chisholm; Provincial Legislature, Cnpt.
W. N. Rule, tl. C.
, MAILS CLOSE AND ARTUYE.
OX.OS-B-
PorCiui. PacKj'.-I^nlly (except Sunday
nm*. Monday), ul I_.._.!*., and on Snlm'-lny
(fordlsnatcli Snmlny)s.-Ji!.
For Victoria, V. I., und Wt-stern V. ft. Offices— Mondnv, |:M5; Tuesday, 8,1.; Wednesday, O.fBj Thursday, 8.15; Friday,
6.30: Saturday, Mr*.
For Vancouver, Moodyvllle, Poit Moody
and Burrard Inlet—Dally (except Sun?
ay) at 8.16.
For Ladner's Landing unt! Lulu Island--
Monday, 12*45; Wednesday and Friduy
6.30.
For Clover Valley, Hall's Prairie, Surrey
Centre nnd Langley Prairio—Saturday,
0.
For Elgin and Mud Bay-Saturdny, 12.45.
For Plumper's Pass—Monday, 13.40.
For Nanaimo (direct mail)—Tuesday, 19.
-DTT-H
From Can. Pac. Ry.—Dally {except Saturday) at 14.11).
From Vletorla-Siinday, Tuesday and
Thursday 10; Wednesday, Friday and
Snturdny, ll.BTjJ
From Vancouver, Moodyvllle, Tort Moody
and Burrard Inlet—Dally (except Hun-
day) at 18.
From Ladner's Landing and Lulu Island
—Sunday, Tuesday and Thursday, 16.
From Clover Valley, Hall's Prairie and
Langley l'r;-li*i..'--Fihlity, li).
From Elgin aud Stud Bay—Saturday", II.
From PI u in nei's Pans—Sun day, lfi.
From Nanaimo (direct mall)—Saturday,
POST OFFICE HOURS)
General Delivery from it to in it p, m.),
Tuosdjiye, Thursdays mid Siiln-.-i .n. Olo
18, MouduyH, Wcdiifr* :..>-_, ami Kiiilays-
excoptwhen mulls (ire no lug sorted.
MONKYOunKitA- R.w'iN'iH Bank.—Dally
—8 a.m. to 4' p. in., and from a to 7 on
Saturday evening.
riiiluniay t-venlBR. Feb. 16, lW-9.
SCIENTIFIC MISCELLANY.
Cremation has been legalized in
Sweden, and is likely soon to be
authorized in Norway.
Tho non-rusting property of aluminium bronze has led the  Austrian
government to experiment with  it
as a material for gun-barrels.
During the past few years London has had a Society of Amateur
Geologists, whioh studies geology on
Saturday afternoon excursions.
Lato researches tend to show that
CLEARED FOR ACTION.
Capt. of H.M.S. Royalist Demands
Release of ail Englishman from
a German Warship.
And Clears for Aetiou to Take Him
ky Force, When the Germans
Surrender Him.
United States Requests Ignored,
and Capt. Mullan Insulted hy
the Germans at Samoa.
Absolutely Pure*
This powder never varies. A marvel of
purity, strength and wholcsomeness. More
economical than the ordinary kinds, and
cannot ua sold 'u compeiitlon with lb*
multitude of low test, short weight alum
or pho-.pl)-ite powders. Sold only In cans,
Royal Ba.-I-IO Powder Co., 100 Wall St,,
New York. .  Jtfely
POR SALE.
AliriltGOIST'R  STOCK  OF   DltUGS,
Patent Meilltilnc. nnd Humlrl-..—'
Apply lo HENHY V. l;oMOND9.
' (l)RlOIC  ..
TO RENT.
ACANNEIIY ANII HAI.TEKY sltunloU
ou Subdivision I.nls 5'4 (J ol 1.011.,
B1U0K I).   Apply In
JIUN UY V. EDMONDS,
dnolte Lnnd Anenl.
Grocery Store for Sale.
QTOOK CAN HE KEPT IN THE STORE
O for city I riuU1, or Ih good for anyone
Intending to start it country store. Goods
flrst-ehiKR. Offered low io the right man.
Apply at thin office. dJaSIto
Dissolution or Partnership.
THE PARTNERSHIP HJSRKTOlfQRE
existing lictween T. J. and S. S. Man-
Hhiin.iiH the firm of Mnmiltun Ilrolhers,
BrlekmakerB, lin*. been dlsflolved by mutual niiiseiit.
New Westminster, Jan. 22, ISSfi.   22JflIm
L
Tl
So CO.
Real  Estate,
' INSURANCE
 AND	
Financial Agents
Purchase, Sell and Lease Property,
Collect Rents,
Make Loans on Mortgages,
And trammed All Bir .ineu relating to
Keal Estate.
— AOBNTS FOR—
london Aasat'ance Corporation.
Connecticut Fire Iniurance Co. of
nurtrord.
London and lancashlre l.lfo Assurance Co.
Canton Insurance Oflce, id. (Marine)
OFFICES:
Columbia St., New West'r.
41 Government St., Victoria
dwiellyl
•SAMOAK AFKAI1W.
San Francisco, Feb, 10.—The s-r.
■ Mariposa arrived from Sydney nud
persona short of food in mid-ocean | Samoa thU morning. J. C. Klein, the
correspondent whom the Qerimiti.i ao*
euse of leadi 11« Ihe attack on their
auilors and marine on Dec. 17'h, was
among the passengers, having left
Samoa because of the aimnuiiCQmciit
that the flermani intended to nrtTst
him. The following i-i the history of
events at Snmon since .Ti.n.i.iry 3rd, on
which date four hmrired fullowera of
TantABCte deserted for Malietoa. On
the morning itHioOili lhe residence
of the German consuluto ami Btore
houses wero burned, entailing a loss of
8100,000. At first the German consul swore tne Americans mul English
were responsible for the casualty, but
it was finally proved tho Hre wrf. accidental. On the 14th several of Tama*
sese's can-x-s wore observed going to
the German warship Adlor, which was
getting up stenm, und Capt. Mullan,
of the U. S. ship Nipsic, inquired
what the preparations were for, but
did not obtain an answer. Next dny
it waB ascertained that Tamasese hud
intended making a descent on Apia
that night and the boats Imd cunte
down to notify the German ul.ii.s to be
ready forthe ■ (tack. Thoy learned,
howover, thut Matuafu waa roady ior
them and remained away. A few
days later a beat belonging to Capt.
Hamilton, the American whose property was destroyed in the bombardment (>f one of Mataufu'u- villages, wns
seized by the German* but shortly released, flu- Ui-iman consul on Jan.
19th i.s'-i-'I a [i.-.'clniiniiu , of win- and
declared Sumdtt under martial law.
Several vessels on arriving wero not
allowed to land iheir cargoes until
they had been examined by the Germans for contraband of war. The dny
following the proclamation theliritith
consul ordered British subject-" to pay
no attention to it, althor.gh the pmo-
clamation stated citizens of all nations
on the ialand wero under martial law,
and for any offei.ee aS-tiii-it tho slated
regulations .rouhl l.o liable to prose*
cut ion by court martial. On the samo
day Klein, the correspondent, received
information the Germans were about
to place him under arrest and take
him on board one of their men-of-war,
there to b_» sentenced to deportation,
nnd perhnps death, by court martini,
his chief offence being his alleged
leading of Mataafa's troops against llie
Germans. Klein thereupon conferred
with tho American consul, Blakelock,
and Capt. Million, who advised hiin
to go on board Iho Nipsic or he might
bo seized and oould not be released
without protracted diplomatic negotiations. Klein, finding himself watched
by German officers, left his house at a
late hour on Ihe night of the 21st, ran
the gauntlet of tho German guard nnd
escaped to the Nipsic. That same dny
the German guard boarded the British
steamer Ulchraond nnd nrrested an
English tourist named, Gillan. as a
spy for interviewing Mataafa aad making sketches. The commander of the
British warship Royalist notified ihe
Adler's commander that if Gillan .we
not released forthwith he would lie
taken by 'force. The Roynlnt was immediately cleared for action, but the
Germans gave Cillan up. The 24th
was tho day for another proulamaUpn
by the GermiuiB, This wot. to tho
effect that citizens of a'l nationalities
would be searched for arm-.. Capt.
Mullan, of tho Nipsic, wr. I - a very
strong protest against thi' pioolnma-
tion, but the German cu.__._tl ignored
it. Ontli_..-!:h0ij.*. Fritz, of Ihe
Adler, ivpj.*..f..it C.ipf M-illun to surrender K! : ■ 1' ft.rmnn military
on the Ad.. , (jfiht, j\lul!an replied
that, as n commander iu tlio American navy, hu would proteut- nuv American citizen, nnd Klein c*>uid not be
tried hy any military tribunal in
Samoa, therefore he declined to give
him up. The German consul on the
31st mado an urgent request for an in-
cerview with Mntnafa in the interest
of ponce, but failed to meet the king
up to Feb. 1st, the d>.y tho Mariposa
left Samoa. Thero had been no light-
in^, thu opposing forces remaining in
their strongholds.
Tit AMI'LEI i JO I'KATIt.
OlinVBMNR. Wy...,  Feb. HI. — A1-ort
and Geprgu A-'iy, youug nun who
c 1 me hon. in* iit!y, from YoiingStowi.,
Ohio, to invest in tho cattle 1> i-.ii._-U,
wore ruu down by a herd nf ttanipcdod
cattlo on Thursday and titunplod to
death. The remains wero wholly unrecognizable.
TURNCOAT I'KTKll.
Ottawa, ,Feb. Jtl.-Ex-Mini n-r of
Marine aiul Fisheiies Mitchell ussaiUd
the goveniii.ODt in pailinmcut laat
night for its •.eiiii-t.arb-ti-ni.s tivi.tmi.nt
of American fishermen and its determined policy uf hostility towards tho U.
S., which smmer or later would result
disastrously tu overy Canadian interest.
Sir John evaded replying by retiring
from the ohamber.
might support life indefinitely if
prouitlcd with appliances for capturing tbe small marine fauna which
is very abundant in tbe Atlantic,
and probably in nil temperate and
warm marine waters.
A wcll-poli-thcd glass rati, rrndored
luminous throughout its length by a
small eleotrio liibip'iit ono ond, is
used by two Vic-mia physicians for
illuminating from Iho oufcido some
of tho cavities of tho body, suJi aa
tho larynx and tbe nose. Placed
against the skin 0: the throat it
lights up the interior of tlio larynx
sufficiently for surgical operations.
Birth of New Plant Species.—
Tlio plants recently collected from
Christmas Island by the English
Admiralty prove to be closely allied
to those of Java. Yet their insulation has had tho effect of making
them mostly unlike their .lava congeners, though not sufficiently different to be specifically distinguished
In this gradual alteration Sir. W.
T, TJiiscltou Dyer sees "a manifest
case of nascent species/'
r.EET-SucAii h Europe. — The
first beet-isbgrirfactory v-a, .'stiblish-
cd in T.'.iwo!'s;!i-~.i;i)near the close
of lust century, but wa.1. lUisuocessful.
What was culled tho ti'ilo method of
rxtratting beet sugar was laboriously
developed about tho beginning of
this century, but such improvements
havo sinco been mado that forty per
cent less beet is now required to
produco a given quantity of sugar
than in 183)3. G.-imuny, tbe chief
producer, now has 401 factories,
with 3000,000 acres under beet
cultivation, uud turns out about a
million tons of beet-sugar yearly.
France and Austria-Hungary produce about half a million tons each,
Russia and Poland about 350,000
tons, and Belguim 90,000 tons.
The Electric Blowpipe The
ordinary methods of electrio welding
by passing the current through the
points to be fused together are not
convenient for all purposes, and Prof
Samuol Sheldon, of Harvard University, suggests what he believes
would be better for many cases. The
pole of a powerful magnet strongly
attracts or repels the electrio arc,
which may by this means be driven
out sideways into a point very similar to the point of ilamo projected
from an ordinary blowpipe. At the
end of this point tho heat is intense,
being sufficient to melt large copper
wiro instantly and to fuse any pf
tho metals. It would serve admirably for welding, and a slight alter
atiou would fit any arc lump to
perforin tho double function of lighting and welding.
Oun Commonest Plants. — Grosses, as Dr. H. Triiium states, are
tho most universally dift'ured over
the globe of nil (lowoiiiir; plants,
there beins no district in whioh
they do tiott-;iir, while in nearly
all 1 hoy tivou leading ai 1 -luminant
[feature of tbe lioiu. Two other
qraers—-Gompdtritatllihd Leguminosae
—contain a greater number of species than the Gramineao, but nOne
has so many individual -plants. The
gpeoies of grasses probably number
about 6000, and they form .about
onetw.-iitie-hoi' the flowering plants
ns a whole, though in almost any
given locnlitv tliis proportion is
largely exceeded. Tho actual pro
portion of species of grasses 10 tho
whole llower bearing flora in different countries is found to vary from
about oneiourth in tlio Arctic
regions to about one-twenty -fifth at
tho Cape of Good Hope. It is about
one-twelfth in the l.ritish Isles nud
in tho United States, increasing to
one eighth in tho southern part of
the latter.
Life Man Cannot See. — Not
only 1110 the ultimate divisions of
matter vastly beyond man's powers of assisted vision, but even living
animals nre known of suoh smallness
that the most powerful microscopes
fail to reveal them. According to
Dr, Royston-Pigott, the bacilli (rod-
shaped bacteria) of typhoid fever
are filaments only 1-000 of an inch
long and 1-125*000 of nn inch thick.
Such genus are gigantic, however,
in comparison with some of the
micrococci (spherical bacteria) seen
in. putrid moat inllusions. These
aro usually from 1-25,000 to 1-30,-
000 of an inch in thickness, and are
sometimes inconceivably more minute. The smallest of the micrococci
are discoverable in decomposing
cod's head, the organisms on bursting
from their parental sac being utterly
too small to be recognized by any
instrument. It is estimated that at
birth they must measure considerably less than one millionth of an
inch, and they can only be discovered
aftor some hours of growth. Yet
when first visible their forms comprehend the special apparatus of their
fuller organized life.
Children Cryfor Pltcher'sCastorla
GtlKAT FIRE   RACING.
Montreal, Feb. 10.—A terrible
tire is raging on Hill street nenr the
Ogilvie Elevator. Peck Benny A Co.'s
Rolling Mills are destroyed and the
tire is still spreading. The lou is
already over a million dollars.
THE DOMINION I'A 1.1,1.0!EST.
Ottawa, Feb. 15,—An order-in-
council has b*n passed which provides,
iu connect inn with applications for
salmon fishery licenses, that foreign
subjects who havo heretofore beon engaged and are now interested in the
salmon fishery, shall continue to be
granted licenses upon the recommendation of ths inspector of fisheries, and
with Iho approval of the minister of
fisheries. An order-in council boa
been passed whioh provides regarding
the Esquimalt dry duck, that each diy
shall be counted from 7 a. m., and
oach fractional pnrt of n day ahnll be
charged as ono dsy.
Mr. Prior hns introduced n bill to
incorporate tho Victoria, New Westminster and Saanich Railway.
The report of the department of
agriculture shows thero tiro 19 patients in Lazaretto Tracadie, N. B. L.
its early history the institution c
tallied twice tho present ntimber of
lepers. The whereabouts of !>.. ----
Slant who OEcaped last yeaii l_ r.o'w
known to be near Boston, und Dr,
Smith, the inspector, reports that tho
leper is about to return to Canada,
bein.-; now unable to earn n living.
Measrs. Prior, Barnard, Gordon,
Chiaholm, Mara, Senator Reid, ami
Senator McDonald, saw Sir John Macdonald to-day, nud asked him to seo
that the new line of Pacific steamers
calls at Victoria, both on the outward
ard inward voyuges. The premier replied that tho Dominion government
in thia matter was in the hnnds of the
Imperial government. Sir Arthur
Blackwood, tho secretary of the English pustofilee, had already declared
that tho delay necessitated by calling
at Victoria would be too great. Mr.
GoBchcn at first opposed granting au
Imperial subsidy, but finally yielded
after pressure by the admiralty on condition that the Dominion subsidised n
fast lino of Atlantic stenmern, the object being to secure the trnnait through
Canadian territory of us muoh through
business as possible.
Tho house was in supply all day considering (he appropriation, for the
marine, interior and privy council departments.
Hon. Peter Mitchell assailed the
government for its fishery policy, and
warned Sir John of the dangera of impending retaliatory legislation by tho
United States.
Sirt Aichnrd Cartwright received a
dressing down from tho minister jf
marine nnd fisheries.
Sir John Macdonald announced
that the mounted police canteen kept
at Regina by a civilian has been transferred to the control of tho police
-quartermaster. The canteen question
ia a source of controversy in lhe Northwest, several newspapers there having
declared it to be mismanaged.
ARMKD TO THE TEETH.
Spokane Fails, Feb. 14.—A special
train having on bourd 500 negroes
bound for the Roslyn mines pissed
through the city at noon to-day. Many
were armed with Winchester ritles. It
is said they propose to work or fight,
They came from Ilhonis. They utoa
hardy lot of fellows, and look as though
they could do big execution in case of
fight.
Ellensbkho, Feb. 14.— Five  hundred fully armed negro  miners  from
lllionis will pass through hero to night
for Roslyn, intending to go there under cover of darkness.   Tho company
hnve been very quiet in their  movos,
and very few knew of thos.? men coining, as they hnd sent out  a report
that the minm would  be closed  for.
throe months.   A large nrmed  force
will go from here with tho negroes.
_ There will undoubtecly bo  trouble,
as their importation menus  tliatRos-
lyn, is to becomo a negro  town,  nnd
that tho threo mines of tho company
nre to be ruu exclusively by negro  la'-
bnr.   Mnny of tho old  minora have
been with tbo company lor yen \ ?■
by thrift nnd economy bave' ;.r     :<l I
considerable property in V   ' - ■
will now become practical]/   v, ... „ . !
Roslyn ia beautifully Bituntc:, it. {izp
to the prosent strike  wur  a   HlriWog
and happily growing  pla.._i   of about j
1,000 inhabitants.   Tho struggle will |
be a bitter one before it is turned bod,
ly over to the negroes.
STARTLING EVIDENCE
And .Revelations Promised iu tho
Parnell Commission, Which
Shall Surpass Fiction.
CORRESPONDENCE.
"Daily Marinas !■ sea-sola."
EniTOR Columbian.—As this is a question which interests every man, woman
and child In the country (except tbe Chinese and a few old bachelors and maid b),
I hope you will pardon mo for desiring
to ventilate tho subject in your paper.
First, the teachers institutes of Victoria,
Vancouver, Nanaimo and New Weatmlnater districts have condemned the nye*
tern. The text-book authorized by the
government for the use of tho teachers of
tlio province condemns it in these strong
terms: Halwin, page 340, "Tcnchfng vs.
Marking. (1) Marking machines belong
to a paat age, Few schools can now benr
the incubus of daily marking. (2). Daily
marking exerts a baleful intlnence. Pupils are stimulated to study to recite
rather than to know. (.1). The business
of the teacher Is teaching, not marking.
Daily marking wastes much of his
energy. No marking Is better than daily
marking. {4). Marking must never interfere with teaching." Again, page 277:
''Studying to recite is one of the greatest
evils connected with school life, iu many
schools the pupils who study to know are
the exceptions. The lesson is recited
glibly to-days but forgotten to-morrow.
Good marks are secured; but the child ia
not educated." Again, page ,'VJi): "l*..ily
marking is a relic of the old education,
nnd is an Incubus and a mistake. Un*
philosophical, it tends to mislead teacher
and pupil. It wastes precious time and
gives no equivalent. As n rule, pupils
should not be marked ofteucr than once
in two weeks." In n letter of the superintendent of educntion to the IVnnniino
teachers' institute, thiw acntenco occuis:
"'As dally markiuc has been made compulsory hy legislative c_inctmcut, we have
no alternative but to obey; hence tbe
only instructions required arc that the
demands of statute must be strictly com-
filed with." You will observe that Mr.
ope includes himself with the teachors.
What doeB the text-book any, page 193?
"Teachers have rights; to insist 011 these
is noble, A truckling, cowardly sycophant is not fit to be a teacher. The
teacher lias the absolute control of the
Internal workings of tho school. He is
-responsible for results, and hence must
be left untrammelled to reach results in
his own wny. The teacher baa the absolute right to classify, teach, and govern
the school. Parents and school hoards
may suggest and ndviso, but not dictate.
The competent teacher knows best, the
incompetent teacher rtionlrt bo speedily
removud." Pngo3fl2: "Teachers' repoi ts
should be such hs to Impose the minimum
of extra labor." Would it not bo iu order now for tho government toctince?
the authorii.ntion of thia toxtboolt: 1
cause tt so completely swatfip'i " *>!
Then repeal t Ite tlaity milt king c! *.. :)_,_
the act of last sc-sSlOn, be. — .
teachers'institutes nflska '■' ' 'cu,
and then establish n norm * ■ -1
raise up a generation of bach - .".<".■
their own Ininrt!
Yours toady,
J.N. Min:.
Roohetoi't Refuses to Fight a Duel
with au Artist Whom
He Insulted.
Opposing Parties Unite in France
to Counteract the Bonlan-
ger Successes.
A 8BNBAHOM WlOMLSKli.
Duulin, Feb. 1G—The Freeman's
Journal, after reviewing the course of
the invent.nation boforo the Parnell
commission saya all that hus gone before, and even tho testimony of tho
lost two weeks and the introduction of
the Pnriioll lotters, is tame compared
with what is to come. It predicts a
revolution of a sensational character
which will tako the court and country
by nuprise. A state of things will bo
discussed surpassing tho fictions of
imagination. The Freeman's Journal
di'cs not outer into particular-', holding its information in reserve so that
the causo of the defense mny not bo
prejudiced by its premature publication, but thero will be n thrilling ond
to the career ot a spy, informer, detective and purchaser of false testimony
which is destined to become historic
for England and Ireland.
IIOOHEFOHT WON'T FIOHT.
Paius, Feb 10.— Pirotell, thcartist,
has challenged Henri Roonefort to
fight n duel. He claims Rochefort insulted him in an article in bis paper
commenting on Pirotell's caricatures
ot Boulanger. Rochefort doclines to
meet the artist. .       ,
POLITICAL    MEETI.NliS.
Paius, Feb. 16-—Among the meetings held by tbe various political parties lust night to consider the situation
created by Floquot's resignation, that
of the Extreme Left was important.
M. Clemencenu presided and made a
speech against Boulanger A commit-,
toe wns appointed to draw up a nianj. .
festo in reply to that which the general
on Thursday addressed to the electors of the department of tho Seino.
The committee will accuse tho opportunists of causing tho fall of the Floquet onbinot,
Tho radical left also had a meeting
ai which it was decided to come to an
undershuding with tho Extreme Left
for the publication of u manifesto.
Boh "roups afterwards had a joint
session for that object. The discuision
waa rather warm and us there seemed
to Vj no chance of coming to apree-
ment the joint moating adjourned until to-day,
ritESS COMMKNTS.
Tho ATur./t German Gazette re-
proaches the opportunists for not supporting Floquc. at the popular oleo*
tions in Pans;
Tho Noo&s Gazette saya France is "
v.bjecteu to a crisis such ns she hns
seen sinco (iambetta brought
abbot tliu fall of MoMnhon, and it
asks whero now is tho Gnmbattu nf
Fr-ihce.
AM.IL   FOOLS.
London, Feb. 10.—Mitchell and
Smith have signed to box ten rounds
with four-ounce gloves for a thousand
pounds a side on April 1st.
STOllE-UOUSE    UUIINEII.
Manchester, Feb. 10. — Three
blocks of store-houses were burned to-
dny.   Loss £250,000.
APPEAL DENIED,
Dublin, Fob. 10.—O'Brien's appeal
from the sentence of imprisonment
wasarguod today and denied.
11IOUT YOIT  AUK.
London, Feb. 16.—Sit Chas. Tupper, spenking at a banquet nt Onslow
to-night said he wns nmused at the
reports thnt Sir John Mncdonnld was
about to rotiro from the premiership
of the Dominion and thnt Canada was
ripo for union with the United States.
Be expressed tho hope thnt the day
wns far distant when Sir John would
bo retired and aaid that while desiring
always friendly communion with the
Iruiied Stntcs it wns cxtremly unlikely
that iu CunndA the question of annexation would over be seriously considered. The Dominion, he declared would
always remain British,
Mr, Huury Mnrshnll, Reevo of l)uun,
writes: "Soine timo ago 1 got n bottlo of
Northrop & Lyman's Vegetable Discovery from Mr. llnrrison, nml I constdor it
tho very h**t medicine oxtnnb for Dyspepsia,'* This nioiltciuo is making marvellous cures In Liver Complaint, Dyspepsia, etc., In purifying the blood and
restoring manhood to full vigor,
LATE CANADIAN NEWS.
The G mnd Lodge of Masons, of
Manitoba, concluded thoir session
Thursday night. Canon O'Meara was
elected grnnd master.
.Too Chandler, who attempted to
kill Supt, Sheffield, at Montreal, was
present iu court while Sheffield was
giving evidence at the preliminary enquiry, and appeared highly amused at
the proceedings, nnd continually rubbed his hands and smiled. Ho snid
he considered himself n hero and a
martyr in tho cause of railroad poricrs.
In tho Manitoba legislature yesterday
AUoruoy-Geuorul Martin announced
radical modifications in tho Northern
Pacilic contract. The maximum rate
is to be dropped, the $500 per mile
clause wiped out, and tho company's
bonding power enlarged to 920,000
per mile. The result is looked upon
as ft complete surrender by the government, nud is n big victory for the Free
Press. President Oakes wont south
Thursday night.
Treasurer Ross delivered hia budget
speech riiursday evoning in tho On*
Un. >  Uvgislnturo.   The  principal   in-
cr.i io in the revenuo was that derived
f.oi 1  licenses,   some   §40,000  more
tuna hud   been   en.boated.    Tlio in-
.".use, ho attributed to tho rcpcal_ of
I the Scott Act in several counties.
! Ho looked for a stilt  larger revenue
; from tho enmo source this year, as the
! repeal  of the  not   in  several  other
a count ies seemod probable.
 • -»- m   -■■,.■ 1	
j ftenry Clement, Almonte, writes: "For
a long tunc I was troubled with chronic
I rheumatism, nt times wholly disabled;
] X tried anything and everything recommended, but tailed to get any benefit,
: until a gentlemen who was cured of rbctu
mat_8in hy Dr. Thomas* Eclectric Oil,
told me about it, I began using it both
Internally mul externally, and before
two bottles woro used I was radically
cured. Wo find it a household medicine, nnd for croup, barns, cuts and
bruises, it hns 110 equal,"
Job printing of all kinds neatly done
atthe Columbian offlce. Prices will be
found sa low as at any other offioe lm
the provlnoe.—Adt, THE
 •■■■--■
DAILY   COLUMBIAN
POPL18H1D
Every iflwiNi except tnaimy,
BT THK
ac-Bi-CTi-rBi-DTr     brothibb,
At tlielr Sleam   Printing Establishment, Colombia StreeU
BT    MAIL:
Kor 13 months. «8 00
Por 9 months... 4 25
DELIVERED IN THE CITY:
for 12 montha 110 W
For « months —■■ °g
Per month      »
PerweeK ••   . *
Payment In all cones (except for weekly
m!-**-) lo be made in advance.
THE WEEKLY COLUMBIAN
1-uie.t rverj Weilnemlav Morning,
helivered lu the Cily, per year. 13.00
Mailed, per year. 2*00
Mailed, 0 months. «.. 1.26
JlailB British (jottirltbwn
Salunlaj Evening, Feb. IS. I*H».
A correspondent from Vancouver
hits a letter in this number of
The Colombian Iti which lie denounces the "daily marking system"
in voguo in the public schools.
We do not profess to know nil about
overy thing, hulrwq aro perfectly cognisant of the fact thnt there are defects
and weaknesses in our present educational system. Some of these wo
hnve pointed out before, nnd the
ono which our correspondent eulls
attention lo—"daily marking"—is
shown in his letter, pretty conclusively, we think, to be a nuisance
to the teacher and an injury to the
scholar. Mr. Muir, wo understand,
is a teacher himself, aud ought to
know whereof he speaks. There is
certainly too much "stuffing" in
schools and too much teaching nnd
learning for show, instead of for
sound and permanent knowledge.
Our correspondent shows that legislative enactment is necessary in order to reliuve the schools of the incubus of "daily marking." Can our
legislators show cause why tho enactment shouldn't enact?
Considerable agitation is going on
ut  present   against Sunday newspapers.   Tho feeling against   them
is not confined to any   one  section
or country, but is widespread.    We
believo   we aro sufe in saying that
out of the three great English speaking countries, the United   States is
the only place where Sunday papers
are received with favor, we  might
say tolerated.   British Colunbin, us
the only place in the Doiiiinion,inust,
howover,   be excepted, us there are
two daily papers tbat issue   Sunday
editions nt present—the Colonist, of
Victoria,  nnd the /Jews-Advertiser,
of Vancouver.    A few   weeks  ago
our  despatches   contained tho announcement that a "daily newspaper
to be issued on Sunday"   bad   been
started  in   London,  Eng,, "uiidor
American aiutpices,"   Tbe. Pall Mall
Gazette severely condemned the new
enterprise, declaring the "introduction  of   the practice to bo a social
crime of the lirst   magnitude," and
appealed to all journals and journalists to set their faces against   it   at
tho very outset.    Editor  Stead, of
the Gazette, wns not far oft' in   his
characterization of Sunday papers,
and even in the United States there
is arising a better sentiment against
this form of needless Sabbath desecration which promises in   time   to
work  a  reform.   To come  nearer
home, however, the clergy of   Vancouver have from tho first  opposed
the  idea of a Sunday paper at the
' salt water terminus, and havo used
their endeavors to bring about a reform in that   respect.   Rev. T. (J.
Thomson, of the First  Presbyterian
church  at  Vancouver,   has   been
preaching  n   series of sermons on
Sabbath desecration, und dwelt last
Sunday evening on tho evils of Sundny papers.    Wc   publish   his   remarks in another column as given in
tho News of Wednesday.   The Col
onist of Friday takes Mr, Thomson
to task for his "complete ignorance
of the'subject he endeavored to discuss,  or  the lack of credibility in
the   'good authority'   he  quoted."
Continuing,    the   Colonist     says:
"There is but a few hours work on a
Sunday morning paper, and that all
before 7 u.m., whereas ou a Monday
paper the staff is required to   be at
work as on other days,   Mr, Thomson is willing that   newspaper  employes should work   after   nine   on
Sunday evening.    Is the early morning moro sacred in his eyes than the
evening,   or  in he simply inconsistent?"   Neither, we cau answer  for
Mr, Thomson.    In tho   first  place,
the Colonixt's statement that, "on a
Monday paper, the staff is required
to be at work as on other days," is
not true,   A Monday morning paper
can be issued by beginning work not
earlier than. 9 o'clojk Sunday evening, or even nt midnight,   and  this
has   been   demonstrated   in actual
practice.   But supposing, for argument's sake, that as much   Sunday
work was necessary on a Monday as
on a Sunday morning paper,   which
is not the case, the publio would be
saved   thfi  demoralization and bad
example of receiving and devouring
a secular paper on Sunday morning,
as   on  other days of the week, and
'' would be butter served and suited besides, in avory respect, by a Monday
' morning paper instead.   These two
■, are the real points; and it is really
; very difficult tn invent an excuse for
\ the Sunday newspaper that will hold
j water.
regarded from the land eil' sea. He
would have tho British const marked
off into districts, each possessing a
battery of the type of machine guns
devised by that ingenious Yankee,
Hiram Maxim, nnd the districts so
connected by telegraph that 32 of
these pepper-boxes could be assembled at short notico at a
threatened point. It would not be
necessary to have heavy guns on the
coast line, be says, because, where
the intent was invasion, men would
have to bo landed in boats, and
those he would open on us soon as in
rnnge. He says that nt many
points of tho coast ships could not
come close in shore for tho rocks, a
statement abundantly supported by
ibe soundings, as given on the admiralty charts.; that it would require
timo to launch and man tho boats,
and still more to get them to the
bench, thus affording timo to pre-
pare tite defense. But let us suppose that the enemy, instead of obligingly making ready to fall into
this cleverly constructed mouse trap,
should select a bold portion of the
coast for his enterprise, occupying
himself during tho day hours with
making things lively about the
shore, nnd, nt short range, playing
upon everything having the appearance of a battery, and when night
came, ami under cover of a hot enfilading tire, embarking his expeditionary force in boats armed not
only with machine guns; but us' Well
with shields to protect thom from
the fire of those in battery ashore.
Captain Verner speaks of the American dynamite gun in high terms,
and believes that, too, would prove
useful on such occasions as those be
would prepare for. Indeed, it would
seem ns if ho might profitably mnke
this bis main reliance should the
enemy come up within a mile and
a half of the shore, but in ease he
did not, perhaps he could not put iu
the day hours to better advantage
than by telegraphing for torpedo
boats and carefully measuring distances and finding ranges to make
effective when night should set in,
even if such preoccupation risked
the completeness of the machine
gun battery. Admiral Porter (Am
cricun) and otber high authorities
have recorded the opinion that the
result of the coming navul war, let
it be between powers whose relative
forces hnve heretofore been well do
fined, is likely to be uncertain, because of the introduction of war
material of a novel description and
the necessity for a complete change
in tactics. Because of this change
in oonditions and the lack of data
gathered from the operations of actual war, it is not easy to suggest u
theory of attack or defense which
docs not contain n self-evident fallacy. One military authority tells
us that shoro batteries, unless of the
most powerful and elaborate description, cannot hopo to beat off big
modern ships. Another explains
th careful detail how that torpedoes in the channel ways and torpedo boats in tbe roads mny bo looked to to stop tho the advance of anything that can be floated. Both arrange tbe details of their plans
under the most favoring conditions,
and each seems plausible, perhaps
conclusive, until the otber is examined.
land Registry Ordinance, 1870
Children Cryfor Pitcher's Castoria
BAPTIST   CHURCH,  Agnes Htreet,
Kast of   Mary Street,    Lord-it Day
Services at II a. m. and 7 n. in. Sabbath
l-e!iool andBlhle clous nt '2:30 p. in.   All
intsfroflj Btraiii.cn. cordially welcomed.
■Rov. Thos. Baldwin, pnstor.
METHODIST CHURCH, Mary
Street. Rev. J, H. White, Pnstor.
,-lces at 11 a. m. ond 7 p. m. Sunday
Suliool and Bible Clasr. 2:30 p. in. Prayer
Meeting on Thuwdnys at IsOp.m. Seats
free; strangers oonllally invited.
ST. PAUL'S CMURCH, John Slreet,
Opposite Oraugo Hnll. Kev. Thomas
addon, Pastor.  Services every Sunday
aJi1J.,rn,an,17p-,n- Thursday evenings
at 1130 o'clock.  Seats free; all are .■orifi-
ally Invited. Sunday School at 2m p. m.
pIIUHCH  OF    BN-ULAXD. - HOLY
Kj TRINITY CHURCH; Hector, The
Ven. Archdeacon Woods, H. MARY'S
CHURCH: Rector,The Bishop. Services
n both cliiirchea every dap. Alt seats
free. Both churehea open all dny for private prayer.
Partof the South-East Quarter of Sec*,
tion 12, Township 2, iu the District of'
New Westminster.
WHEREAS THE CERTIFICATE OP
title of William Pol lard to the nbove
mentioned hereditament--, has ticen lost or
destroyed and application bas been made
for a .duplicate thereof;
Notice Is therefore hereby given that
a fresh certificate of title in the stead
of thut ao lost or destroyed will be Issued
unless causo to the contrary he shewn
wlthlu ono month from tbo date hereof.
R. W. ARMSTRONG,
Deputy Registrar.
Land Registry Otllce,
Now Westminster, Jan.'.»(!, 1990.
 Ja3UdIm	
r
YQU WAWT AWyTHIWG
in Fancy Glassware or China,
'ea, Dinner, Breakfast, or
Bedroom Sets, Dalton and Worcester Vases, Floral Shoes, Baskets, or Epignes, Terra-cotta and
Majolica Figures, Parian Busts,
Wall Pockets, Fairy Lamps, or
some of the new "Metsbridge
Ware," call and examine my
stock
<. J. HOUSO*,',
(lilclllm*- Columbia Streot.
Lowenberg, Harris A Co.
Real Estate, Insurance
 AND	
FINANCIAL AGENTS.
COLUMBIA STREET, NEW WESTMINSTER. 41 GOVERNMENT STREET, VICTORIA.
Farm Lands in Tracts from 50 Acres upwards, and from $25 to
$50 per acre, in various stages of cultivation.
Acre Property near (lie City, from $300 to $500 per acre, Improved nnd Unimproved.
Choice Business Lots In various Parts of the City.
Wzn. A. Dashwood-Jones
FRESH CALIFORNIA AND LOCAL
ALWAYS ON HAND.
GOODS DELIVERED FREE.
djealto
W   °* T- V.'.-**E0IIr'A" MEOTINd
yy., overy WRilnewliiy afternoon nt 3
a™™* tithe tr. C. T. U. Heuilqiuiri™,,
Cooiilna HI.  Loyal Ledon lo tlio .am.
8lace every Friday afternoon.-Una, Jag.
u.vniotham, l're«ldont; Miss UeBiok
Secretary,
VrllOS LODOB Ho, 11, A. P.
* A. M.-Tlie regular meetings nl this Lodgo nro held In
lhe Mnsonlc Temple on the lirst
Wednesday In eaeh month, nttltJOo'olO-R
•- in.   Sojourning brethren aro enrdlalty
■tt. C, Chatham, See.
A'\
Coal, Wood ^fiark
11HE UNDERSIGNED   KEEPS   CON-
.    .lautly in stock the
BEST WELLINGTON COAL
 ALSO*	
Wood and Bark,
Which   ho will   sell   at the LOWEST
RATES and deliver promptly.
itt. Orders left nt tlie stores of Mr. McColl and Mr. McDonough will receive
attention,
TEAMS FOR HIRE. Stable.-, corner of
Douglas and Columbia Streets.
HENRY ELLIOTT.
Now Wost,, Ii. C, Nov. 22,1883.   dno23to
■tsroTiO-S.
Auction Sale of Land
JTOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT
Lots 529 & 530, Group One.
Dlslrlct of Now Westminster, being two
Maud . lyiritf In the mouth of the Nortii
arm, Fruser Rlvor, uud ..otitninlnic Hand
■Vf acre*, respectively, will bo offered for
salf at Publio Auction, at tho up_.otpr.ee
of g2,50 per Here, at the otllce of tho undersigned, at 12 o'clock noon on
Friday llie rind Februar) Instant.
U. WARWICK,
Gov't Agent.
Provlnolal Gov't Offlce,
New West., Feb. li!, 1889.    dwfol2td
P.PEEBLES.
FurniturE
For Cash
COLUMBIA   STREET,
NEAR  C. P. R. STATION.
datiOlc
Invited to attend.-
BPAS_?,PP *»ADB. Hoard Room,
Oddfellows Brick Block, iip-slalm.
council meota on the flrst and third Wed-
ni'sdny In oach month,at 4 p.m. Quarterly
meetings on tho 22nd of Feb., Mny, Aug*,
and Nov., nt 7..10 p. m. New members
may bo proposed nud elected at any tluar-
torry meeting,—0, RoiwoN.Seo.
TENDERS
ARE REQUIRED FOR   THE EREU-
tlon of a
BRICK VE.VF.KRKD II0I-.I:
on Agnes Street, The plans and specifications oan be seen at my offloe.
Tenders  to bo delivered to me by 12
o'clock, noon,on Hominy, »Sth last.
Neither tho lowest nor anytendcrwlll
bo neceHsnrlly accepted.
WILLIAM R, KING,
«_,__.!»   .   ■   , Architect.
New Westmin iter,
Feb. 14,1880 dfelltd
..    ,      Ktob lime contslni colored
lithographic pUtM of country and city mtti.
w*Btt__BBBgm
tBsssr^nn9_^r9a__Br
A di.cu.aian is now going on in tlio
English press, observes an exchange,
regarding tho defonseles.neis of
the Britiih ooast; notably the southern and eastern portions, the dingers
of invasions, and tho best means of
protection. The latest theory is
idvanced by Onfitaitt Willoughby
Verner, and dojcribed in iheo.rrent
lumber of tho National Jieoiew
[English), the author being evident
jr an artillerist and of the laud
lorces rather than of the marine; bis t r«loiiTs for bent* eh.ru, tup.,
theory, like i„.«t of thoso pieced,,,,,   ^J£'"'''™__''_\ *<""*_"„ ,
t, sound or shaky, according as it is J ••^^'S^fiEE.» T.
Is tho oldest md
mechanical piper t.u...HW _,.._, „„,„_, in,HC,.u
cInula on if toy Mp«- of Its class in the world.
Mil.-' ibirtrvtei, licit cites of Wood Kngnv-
Inftl,   I'nhlMiod weekly.  ■*
wX_\__?_\iB_}&_____*& fen  „.„.,.
MUNN k CO., PDBUBRIRS, Kl Broutffif !
ARCHITECTS A IUIIDERC
H Edition of 8_l.ir.l_o America*. V
jjj^ttSfi
INTENTS.*,
I ^Kf1' eiperlsncs Md hava mad* or*
■ man application! for American 53 to
™-^.M_Hb"** am
TRADE MARKS.
roar mark I. not retiuerM In the Fit*
- .pplr to Mow*. I Co., md
prortctlon. Sand tor ll.ndt.
WM. McCOLL,
CHOICE
Family Groceries
And PROVISIONS.
—ALSO	
A WELL-SELECTED 8T0CK OF
DRYGOODS
AND FURNISHINGS,
AT THE  LOWEST  PRICES.
LUNDBOHM'B BLOCK,
< iiliimbln Sin-el,       Mew Westminster.
noldwly
Lot 111:!, Delta Municipality, 160 acres, good bottom
land, partly ditched, house and fencing, lino water frontage on
Fraser itiver; suitable for milt or cannery site; terms easy.
Lot 184, Delta Municipality, containing 100 acres, prairio
land, read) for plow, all fenced and ditched, two outlets to
Gulf of Georgia, 40 minutes' walk from Ladnors Landing;
$50 per aero.
Lot 145, Delta Municipality, 20 acre tract; $30 por aero.
Northwest J Section 4, Township 7, Surrey Municipality
(Hall's Prairie), 160 acrea, prairie land, not subject to overflow, suitable for farm or fruit raising; price _?__,500, on easy
terms of payment.
Part Lot 262 aud 270, Group 1, Now Westminster District (Pitt Meadows}, containing 140acres, consisting of prah-Io
and high laud, with improvements; 92,100.
Southeast portion of Lot 386, Now Westminster District,
Group 1, containing 60 acres, suitable for fruit growing, not
heavily timbered, stream of water runs through tho property;
price, $30 per acre.
New Westminster Suburbs.
Lots 7 and 8, Block XIV, New Westminster suburbs,
containing 10 acres, well adapted for dairy or market garden, good stream of water runs through portion of property;
prico, $1000 each.
Lot 13, Block III, Sapperton, .containing 5 acres, fine
black loam, partly cleared; price, $1500.
Block IX, Lot 5, subdiv. Lot 3, containing U acres; §.'100.
Block IX, Lot 4, acre lots in tliis subdiv. at $250 per acre.
Block IX, Lot 7, 10 one aero lots at $200 per aero.
Block X, Lot 9, lots 66 x 132, fronting on Douglas Road
and Molhourno street,, splendid situation, at 9200 per lot.
Block X, Lot 14; lots In this subdivision, situated on
Melbourne street in elose proximity to St. Andrew's Square,
at $200 per lot.
Block XIII, Lot 19; choice lots ranging from $120 to $150
per lot.
St. Andrew's Square.
Lota fronting on Montreal and Melbourne streets, prices
ranging from $250 to $300 per lot.
St. George's Square.
Lots eloso to publio school, commanding good view of
river, at $500 per lot.
St. Patrick's Square.
Cheap aud desirable residential Iota with frontage on
good wide streets, from -$200 to $250 per lot.
Louise Gardens.
Lots fronting on' Hoyal Avenue at $600 per lot.
Merchants' Square.
Business lota with a frontage on two streets, prico* ranging from $1500 to $2000 per lot.
Westminster Addition.
Blocks containing 10 to 18 lots, each 66 x 132, from $100
to $750 per block.
$12,500,-44 feet by a depth of 132 feet, situate in the
midst of tbe business portion of tho city, with a frontage on
two main streets.
$10,500.-66 x 132, fronting on Columbia and Front ate.,
vory desirable business property.
§3,000.-66 x 132, north side Columbia street, opposite
C.P.K. depot.
$3,000.—Six eottagea on a woll located corner lot in close
proximity to U, C. Planing Mills.
$2,500.—Comor lot with a good cottage, near Albert
Crescent, commanding good viow of the river.
$1,600.— Threo-fourths of an acre fronting on Royal Ave.
W. BREDEMEYER, DR. PH.
(Lnle Partner of John MoVickor)
MINING ENGINEER, U.S. A PROVINCIAL SOKVEYOlt, A A88AYI-H.
Masonic Tj.mpi.-_s Block, Vakcouveh,
Brit. Col.
•-.meltable reports, underground surveys and maps of mines executed at low
rail's. Assays mado on all kinds of minerals, fold and silver bars. Thirty years'
experience in mining In Asia, Europe
nnd United Utates ot America, Speaks
ten lanauaaes. Assays from a distance
promptly attended to. Address Vancouvor, B.0. dde!7tc
IrTOTlC-B
HENRY VTOMONDS
NOTARY PUBLIC,
CONVEYANCER, REAL ESTATE
—AND—
INSURANCE AGENT
HAS REMOVED
—TO 11 in—
\EWAI\D FXTEVSIVE PREMISES
BANK BUILDINGS
OOLUMBIA STREET,
NEW WESTMINSTEB,  -  B. C.
Opp. Postofflce and next door to tho
Bunk of British Columbia.
PROPERTY FOR SALE
IN ALL PAKTS OF' TUB
City and District of New
Westminster,
-AND-
CITY »•' VANCOUVER
AOINT FOR
Tko Canada Life Insurance Co.,
The National Fire Assurance Co..
The Norwich Union Fire Insnrance
Society.
.riaiHH. KO'cr'..',! ui. Item a:*......* nl
KriMOHHlilr IIhIp*.
Pioneer Hardware Store
KSTABLlfHlKD 1" 2.
JAMES CUNNINGHAM,
C0LWWMITMIT, «l T Hlltt T ER, B. C.
IMPORTER OF
HARDWARE
Agricultural Implements
PAINTS,   OILS,
GLASSWARE,  CROCKERY,
Wall Papers, Wooden Ware,
Stoves and Ranges
IN ORKAT VARIRTY.
tinwmi, Kotiow tm, namm goods,
IRON Tint UW FITTIM-.
MANUFACTURER of TINWARE
EMPLOYS NONE   BUT   FIRST-CLASS
WORKMEN.
Contracts for Sbeot Iron Cornice Work,
Oas-Flttlng, Plumbing. Roofing, Ac.
dlOooly I
ESTABLISHED, A.D,
   dHgl.lyl
1864.
[us.]     nuoir nei^on.
CANADA.
PROVINCE OK BRITISH COLUMBIA.
VICTORIA, by the Grace of Ood, of the
United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Ireland, Qukkn, in.'.finder of lhe Faith,
Ac, Ac., Ac.
To Our faithful tho Momhers elected to
serve In tho Legislative Assftmbly of
Our Province of British Columbia, and
summoned and called lo a mooting of
the Tieglftlaturo or Parliament of Our
raid Provinco, at Our City of Viotoria,
on Thursday, tlio Tweiity-flmt dny of
February, IRSIl, to havo been commenced
and held, and every of yon-GitKKTiNo,
A PROCLAMATION.
Alex. E. B. Davib, 1 WHEREAS lhe
Attorney-General.    *     meeting of tho
Legislature or Parliament of tho Province
nf British Columbia, stands called for
Thursday, the Twenty-flrst day of February, 1889, at which time, at Our City of
Victoria, you were held and eons trained
to appear.
NOW KNOW YE, that for divers causes
and consideration.-and taking info consideration tho case nnd convenience of
Our loving Hubj. cts, We have thought lit,
by nnd with tho ndvico of Our Executive!
Council of the Province of British Columbia, to hereby convoke, and by theso pros*
outs enjoin you, and each of you, thnt ou
Thuiuday, the TimtTV-FinsT day of tho
month of January, 1-RJBO, you moel Us in
Our said Legislature or Parliament of Our
said Province, at Onr City of Victoria,
FOR THB DISPATCH OF BUSINESS,
to treat, do, act and conclude upon those
things which In Our Legislature of the
Provinco of British   Columbia, by (ho
Common Counoil of Our said Provinco
mny, by the favor of God, bo ordained.
In Tkhtjmony WHKRiror, Wn hate emit..
ed these Our Letters to be made Patent, under tlie Grent Seal of Our mild
Province to be hereunto affixed: Wit-
nkhh tho Honourable Huon Nklson,
Lieutenant- (lovernor ot Our snld
province of British Columbia. InO ur
City of Vlelorln, In Our said Province, this twenty-seventh day of December, In tlm year of Our lflrd one
thousand eight hundred and olghtv-
rlghl, mid In the fifty-second year of
tf-X
I
£ i
>?
r-H
■ 2
X/l
U
m
-SmtLTsTS'.lisTO _BQrr_A.L.
Get Our Trices and See the Goods.   Oiii Oar of these Plows to
Arrive about the 20th inst.
F.G. Strickland* Co.
WEBSTER'S BUILDING, FRONT STREET, WESTMINSTER,
dwnoitto
ROYAL CITY
Planing ills Company, Ld.
RICHARD STREET, NEW WESTMINSTER.
MASUFACTl'UERI. AKD DKALER8 IN
-'■Mill, mill 11
Our Reign.
By Command.
All Kinds of Boneb and Dressed LnmliBr
Shingles, Shakes, Laths, Pickets,
SALMON BOXES. NET FLOATS, TRAYS,
■AJSTD  ALL  KINDS  OF
Wood Furnishing for Canneries.
Doors.   Frames.   Windows,
.loiildinir*. Balusters.
Blinds. Brackets.
Rallliifl-s, Newels.
PLAIN AND FANCY AND ALL KINDS OF TURNED WORK,
  nnltklwly
BRITISH C0L11BU MEAT MARKET,
Columbia Street, Jim Westminster.
VAN  VOLKENBURQH   BROS.
Wholesale and Retail Batchers.
MEAT PURVEYORS IN GENERAL.    FRESH AND CORNED
MEATS ALWAYS ON HAND.
tarSpocial line, quoted for the .hipping trade.   Family order, rtrlotty attended
to.   Hotel, will And it to their Intereit to place their order, with the above Arm.
d28noly
JNO. BOBSflN,
Provlnolal Herniary.
Immense Sale of Boots and Shoes!
_RTTBB_B_R GOODS, &0_
Commencing February gth, 188}.
HAVING DECIDED TO I.ETIRE PROM THE BOOT * SHOE BUSINESS,
the underlined will now place hi. entire atock on the market at wholesale
prices) DO reserve.   Everything must be told.
$0,000 worth ol B00U, Shoe., Slip-Mr., Rubber Cloods, Shoe Finding., tc.
An early inspection will convince the publio that we mean buslneu.   Terms—
under $50, cosh; over ftM, secured notes at 3 montha with interest,
JL.. B. -,>aW-I_I_^'r_E3__>vl,T__rT*B.
dwilejlto HIOS Of THB ■UTTAU>, COLUMBIA STBBBT.
GREAT SLAUGHTER
STOVESOtOVES!
E. S. SCOULLAR & CO.
TTAVE HADE SWEEPING SEDUCTIONS IN THIS
-" line to meet the different arrangements now in order,
and now offer the largest stock of HEATING and COOKING
STOVES and RANGES ever imported into the Province,
at prices that will astonish those
That wish to buy.
We sell three carloads of Stoves to one sold by any firm in
B. C, whleh speaks for itself. Intending buyers will consult
their interests by giving us a call. No trouble to show our
goods or quote prices.
E. 8. SCOULLAR & CO.
Water St., VANCOUVER. Columbia St., WESTMINSTER.
H.T.READ&OO.
(Masonic Block, Columbia Street.)
THE LEASING HARDWARE MERCHANTS
.   IN NEW WESTMINSTER.
GENERAL HARDWARE, PAINTS AND OILS.
Largest Stock of CROSS-CUT SAWS in the Country.
We keep the finest Stock of BUILDERS' HARD.
WARE in the province.
SPECIAL ATTENTION IS CALLED TO OUR LARGE AND
VARIED ASSORTiMENT OF
PAINTERS' SUPPLIES.
We have on hand a largo stook of Magnetic Oxide Fire-proof Paint,
warranted 02 per ct, pure oxido. So high a grado sold by no other honse In the uity.
»_rPurine the year that we havo opened we hnvo materially reduced the prices of
everything In onr line, and hope by strlot attention tn business to receive a continuance of the public patronage,  noldwly
The NEW WESTMINSTER
Foundry and Machine Shop
i Front St., New Westminster, B. C.
BOBBBT X_t___.—V,
2_-__.2sr_Tr__.cr-r_TBBBB or
STEAM ENGINES, SAW MILL, FISH CANNERY,
AGRICULTURAL A ALL KINDS OF MACHINERY.
Brass and Iron Castings made to Order.
REPAIRING DONE WITH HEATNESS AND DISPATCH.
I*, 8.—All orders from the upper oountry promptly attended to,
dwnolmo
Douglas •& Deighton,
MAHUFMTUItERS MD IMP0R1HS OF
HARNESS, SADDLES and BRIDLES
WII I IPS,
SADDLEWARE, ETC.
Colonia^ Block,
Columbia Street,      New Westminster, B. C.
SEND IN YOUR OHDEKS.   ALL WOBK OP THE BEST MATERIAL AND
WORKMANSHIP.   PRICES LOW.
noldwly
c. Mcdonough,
(LUND-TOM'S BUILDINO, FRONT STREET)
nr
GENERAL MERCHANDISE!
Constantly ou Hand an Exteiulvo Stook of
Dry Ooods, (Groceries,  Boots A Shoes, Huts A Cups,.
Crockery, Glassware, Ae.
x-tmxtr-m   ___>   mo—rm-   mxrxx-m.
Great V.riety of Houaehold Artiol...   Alio,
GRAIN, SEEDS, POTATOES, LIME and  GENERAL STORES;.
M B.—Vttin Prod__o bought at market rate, or uid on oommlulon. ■m.Orden
from th. Interior promptly allondcil to. awjewe
LONDON MARKET
Front Street, New Westminster.
MANAHAN & REICHENBACH,
CSUCCEH80IW TO IV. a TOWNSEND)
DEALERS IN ALL KINDS OF FRESH & SALT MEAT
Hams. .Bacon, Sausage, Bolognas, Etc
driolyl
•T^roarios.
^b^llSnT^OhjetC^rnl^
T_\-_fi__-_t_^&&toK%&
r«ht abreut or '■™2*'*!S,_'}„. „?1.2? i
olaim, aaid inland contoinlnj aoont <
aolw,_noreorlM..HNOANES8A
N.W'We>U,Jan
■4   11/f.aa. rirzrst-i,
P«rhl»"AgijtjH-V, i:»>«,
djailhnl
Ma sonic Bail
mi Drams ammomor   M
Uniwi U Ige, No. 9, New Wait.
_   —TO BB HBfcO—
\
HERRING'- SJIPERA HOUSE.
Sat-Mr?   '»rY-____i'AUrnt
from A. Chart.*   M-'W,£,„'1A',L.
ton,andme,nb..   ffgigffiggfr-
A.J*.COTTO.*.Sw.
J,S.tHJi'ls,'i'*-a.,
Chairman.
dj.»ld
0.E.1
Un liinnu.
A.C._AMU,
NftTUT ftHlf.
Woods, Turner & Samlile
LAND SURVEYORS,
_LmI _y._ti. .MUBIIM. flMIIMtl A-NH-I
mm mMfffj Bmi-nni immmhim
AND CON VKYANGERS.
AGr-tfKTa TOB,
 l*—The Western of Toronto.Tlie _BI-
nu, The Oity of London, and Th*. Hartford.
l_.irE.-Tho Kew York Lifo Insurance Oo, ,
AOClD«-H*-Tl»eTravelleri'ofHarMOfd
Land •«rvejrl»f In all Its brandies accurately and promptly oarried out.
Oily and lnb«rhan Lnndt tmr Salt.
We ean show a complete list of desirable
localities.
Par »l mb Landi. ImHored and uuim-
proveii, throughout the district.
Mining and ather Itock bought and
■old.
Monty to Laan on flrat mortgage at
low ratea. 	
Tblbprokb Call Mo. SS.
P. O. DbawbbW.
WOODS, TClim A GAMBLE,
Offiii, Iiuih km, • euMwulmif
NKW WESTMINSTER.
d___.__.Mlt r
BTIQUJlTTEOFTHfiHAT,
8ooi& Anecdotes About a Pleasing
v. Custom of Sooiety.
Haw a Gentleman Should Manipulate BU
Vila Whan   Heating Lady Acquaint-
•neas—The Difference Between n
Well-Bred Han and ft Boon
A woman's role is to seem utterly oblivious of her bonnet after the parting look
into the mirror establishes the pleasing
truth that it ii -settled safely and becomingly, remarks a writer in Once a Week. The
men who forgets what he has upon bis
head is a boor, incorrigibly absent-minded.
The right manipulation of bis hat is like
spelling—it must be learned early and thoroughly, or it comes hard, and is always a
skittish possession.
A mother habitually Indulgent to her
children, called her eldest born—a boy of
ten—back wDen he had left ber on a street
corner. The lad cowered under the severity
of eye and accent
"Never dare leave me in the streets
again without raising your hat 1" she said.
''Itls a token of respect you owe to every
woman, and never forget that your mother
Is a woman 1"
The reproof was doubled-barbed. Association with mothers and sisters is excellent
practice in an exercise that can not be
y abated without Injury to him who takes the
liberty, "The fellow who nods a cavalier
welcome or farewell to bis sister at the
.. window, or in tbe atreet, will, with the
f most gallant Intentions, some day, in a At
of abstraction, or when hurried by business
into forgetfulness of his company manners,
nod as carelessly to some other fellow's
slater, and score a point In favor of the
rival whose hand, from tho force of early,
habit and long usage, moves Involuntarily
toward the cop brim at the approach of any
woman whose face is familiar io him.
A nod Ib not a bow.
To nod to a woman is open disrespect.
The mother who carves the two sentences
and the import thereof upon the mind of
ber boy builds so much better than she
knows as to merit tho gratitude of her sex.
The bob or duck of tbe covered head which
salutes a comrade of his gender is barely
pardonable, even in America. Students in
foreign universities would be sent to Coventry wero they to practice it on meetingiu
corridor or thoroughfare. Equally general in tho older lands, where external
courtesies rank higher than with us, Is the
custom of dufflnc. the hat on passing a lady, London,
—stranger or acquaintance—on the staircase or iu the halls ot hotel or other public
building. In witnessing tbe effect of the
neglect of the gracious little ceremony in
the country tbat furnishes the best hus,
bands in the world it is important to restrain the regretful sigh:
•Theso things ought ye to have done, and
not leavo tlio other undone 1"
Tbe undoing is carried to a disgraceful excess as we descend the social scale. The
lower we go tho moro scanty is the observance of tho etiquette and moralities of the
bat, until we are forced to consider the important adjunct to the out-door toilet as an
almost infallible barometer of breeding.
Respect ot the rules regulating its management in refined circles is tbe last sign of
belter days and better manners with whioh
the decayed gentleman parts. When his
' uind forgets the way tothe hat brim, he ii
■ very now the foot of the hill, What a
slangy lad once called In my hearing "the
nat trick" isllkewlse that which theielf-
made man ot plebtan extraction is slowest
(*o learn.  I have seen millionaires forgetl
■ 'o remove their hats in superb drawing]
•OOB-B.
Ono of the most mortifying experiences
i ■•! my earlier married life was tho visit to
■Hir country house of a distinguished man]
ban whom the State held none abler of bis
u-ofession. Wo had invited several friends
jo meet blm, and the dinner given in his
1 tonor passed off smoothly. The lion roared
ii a perfectly satisfactory manner, winning
-iniversal admiration. Coffee was served
ni the veranda, and tbe evening betngcool,
'•bo great man called for his hat. Uej
•night have asked permisslonirom the worn-
. «i present to assume it, we thought, but,
-".raters must preserve their vocal cords from j
1 uBt. As the chilliness increased, we ad*
. .turned to tbo library, where a Are had been
t .iudled. There, in the assembled presence
;>f our choicest neighbors, Vie great man
■ /ore his bat until the' hour of separation 1
l-,*he recollection is an agony. The Inference, borne out by subsequent discoveries,
.vas inevitable. Be was a commoner ot the
■omn.ona.lty and vulgar ingrain. It ought
o have been impossible for blm to commit
.uoh a breach of good manners in any dr-
li umstances. Tbe varnish of surface—audi
■ mnoemtomod-oourtesy, liko other cheap
md putcnt dressing, requires frequent re*
. ie wai and can not bo warranted to wear.
As a grateful contrast, I offer another au-l
hentio incident. A true gentleman, driving)
< hrough the country with his wife and cliil-
\rcu, stopped at small farm house to iu-
,ulre the way. A child on the front seat of |
ho carriage bad a view of him as he knocked
l'i tbe door.
> "Papa's talking to a lady-," chirped the little one. "I can't see her, but I know be-
1.use he took off his hat when the door
pened, imd is standing with his hat in his
jand."
" Tbe "lady" followed him to the steps as he
. e turned to t*be carriage. Ber sleeves were
V .lied up to hor shoulders; she wore a shabby
■ ilico go wu without a collar. Ber hair wu
f nkempt, her arms and hands dripped with
;uds.  Ber parting directions were shrilly
asal and ungrammaticaL The man who
ppeared beside her as a prinoe beside a
erf, stood with bla noble bead bared as ln
. royal presence.
i, "Bow could you I" queried the quick-eyed
'- -wupant of tbe front seat "Bhe wasn't a
•it of a lady." ,
. "She was a woman, my boy; and a gen*
•mum is always a gentleman for his own
ake."
"Hen can do no end of pretty things with
eir bats," sighed a Mia to me.  "Thetao-
cs of tbat useful article (masculine) ere a
. cience—one of tbe arts. Yet two-thirds of
f.iom don't half appreciate their privileges'
ia that Hue, or suspect their possibilities."
. I saw a man who calls himself a gentle-!
urn kiss his betrothed the other daj-, wltb
[is hat set as immovably on his head as it it
-ad grown there with hie growth and
trengtbenod with bis strength I
;1 Fancy a condition of mind and body that]
ould mako such a thing practicable in a
christian land, and in the nineteenth cent-
ANCIENT IRELAND.
Woolen nnd Linen Fabrics and Metal
Work In tbe Good Old Day:
Poets and rhetoricians have in their usual
free and easy way exaggerated the material prosperity of ancient Ireland, says Commissioner McCarthy in Harper's Mug-Bine.
Much of tho splendor attributed to Celtic
Kings and Bishops and hards fades under
the cold light of historical research. But
this very research has put beyond all doubt
that beneath the exaggerations of rhetoric
land song there lay a solid substratum of
truth. Thus the publication by a parliamentary commission of tho immense aud
previously almost unexplored mass of tonal
institutes known as tho "Brehpn Laws"
bos verified the fact that at a time whon
Britons were almost naked savages the
Irish Kelts were clod In woolens and linens
of tholr own manufacture. The Brehou
laws abound with references not only to
woolen and linen goods, but to carding,
weaving, dyeing and Iho other processes ot
tbelr manufacture. Again, in tho remarkable metrical account of the rights of tlio
monurclis of Ireland and the provincial
Kings, attributed to a contemporary of Bt.
Patrick, and known as the "Book of
Rights," we find tbat tribute was paid to u
large extent in eloaks, tunics, mantles and
other articles of woolen nnd liuon manufacture, some white, somo brown, somo
trimmed with purple, somo with fur, und
somu witli prld. Wo can see for ourselves
something of what was done in the mora
durable materials. Textile fabrics, except
of the coarsest kind, perish in far less tiuie
tfaiui 1,300 years. But metal-work, if good
in material and design, survives. Accordingly wo have abundant specimens of suclt
work como down to us from tho Keltic
period. Many of these aro rough, but many
are rich in materIal,guod in design, nnd is exquisitely skillfulin workmanship. Somo were
found deep below tho surfaco of, our hogi,
whero probably they were dropped iu (light,
and got gradually covered with peat in the
slow lapso of centuries. Others worolound
In stone chambers mado for thoir reception,
and forgotten for moro than 1,000 yours.
Vast quantities of tbe gold-work wero consigned to tbo crucible. Some goldsmiths
estimate that they purchased and moiled
down as much as-£10,000 worth of nucient
Koltlc gold-work found from timo to time
in Ireland. But fortunately much n!ao has
beon preserved. There is quite a magnifl-.
cent collection ot works in gold; silver nnd
bronze ia the museum of tho Royal Irish
Academy in Dublin. Resides these there
aro many fine specimens in Trinity Collage, Dublin, and in the British Museum,
\_Z
A  WOMAN'S  REVENGE.
How a Lovely Creature Got Even with n
Cross Counter-Jumpor.
In ono of the largest dry-goods stores in
this oity there is a particularly cross salesman, Bays the Chicago Tribune. Uo is
altogether too superb a creature to bo behind a dry-goods counter, and wbon bo
does condescend to wuit upon a customer—
so the women say—it is such a favor that it
is really painful. Yesterday a young woman wbo had suffered at his bands got even
with him in the highest style of the art.
She had been selecting tbe matcriul for a
dress for an out-of-town friend and -tho disagreeable salesman bad chosen to assume,
when sho aaked for samples, that she had
no intention of buying, and had loftily referred her to somo one else, intimating as
much. The young woman had bought at
least half a dozen dresses at that counter,
and she vowed vengeance.
Yesterday sho walked up to this superb
creature with her sweetest and most do*
muiv air. She had n sample of oasbmere
that sho know couldn't be matched in Chicago, and. V; sat down infrontof him without a word.
If thoro is any thing' that ho hates—so
tbe women say—it m to take down goods
from the shelves; but when a sample is
brought in to be matched ho cau't help himself. Bo was in a particularly lofty frame
of mind yesterday and picked up tlio unoffending sample with tho condescension of
a Duke at the feast After ho had taken
down three heavy bolts of cloth he
grumbled: r
"Bow many yards of olottt do^you require!"
"Two," Bho answered, with her sweetest
smile. After he bad taken down two or
threo moro he impatiently remarked to
space:
"Rather an unusual shade V*'-
"Yes."
Ho took down several more and scowled.
"h It necossary to have an exact match!"
ho finally asked.
'Yes; it must match perfectly," said tlte
young woman, decidedly. The salesman
knows his business, if he is disagreeable—
so tbo women Bay—and, giving a disgusted
kind of n sniff, he went to work again.
Finally, after ho hud taken down at least a
dozen pieces and gone over hia entire
stock, he brought her a piece.
"This Is tho best I can do," he said, spitefully; "aro you suro your sample came from
this store!"
"Oil, no," smiled tho young woman, demurely, "I got it ln New York, and I knew
you couldn't match It"
A   HINDOO   WEDDING,
"fry.
I'*n
How to Uo a Good Neighbor.
The London Quoen thinka that to be really
good neighbor demands the possession of
■nany excellent qualities—Uot, temper, dis-
ornment and consideration for other peo-
.le'a feelings. Anent intimacy, It thinks tt
s necessary to exeroiae a littlo tact and to
ry to find out when one's neighbors have
-lost leisure, and at what hours they like
est to receive visitors; there are, it thinks,
.•very few neighbors, even if intimate
••iunda, whom one cares to see every day;
heir society la apt to pail If one sees them
no often. In tact, friendship with near
oigbbors, however nice and charming
ucymaybe, Is belt sustained by not tot>
instant interooum,
A .Jlunaman's Theology.
Tho Chinaman had for hts counsel
layor Kirkland and tor his Interpreter,
,lr. James Radford.
,* When asked if ho believed ih God,
ho Chinaman replied;    "Mo knowce
Vod;  ho   heapeo  good  manoe;   Mr.
LKirllckland, he God; Mr. Jim Ladford,
i._> God;   Molloan   manoe no   fooleo
.  llihmnuin on Ood—not muoh."
|} Mayor Klrkhutd, enthused with his
I'liewiy acquired divinity, made an olo-
f ;uent appeal, and won the Chinaman's
',' auae. -[Abilene (Texas) Reporter.
IT. Danger la Lead Pipes,
| 'i It Is claimed to bo proven, beyond all
I ,'i oubt, that waters which circulate or stand
fti leaden pipe* er vessels, not only tako up
< ^articles of lead through mechanical action
}jt.io to friction, but attack tha metal, the ro-
j'." ult of this boing generally lead carbonate.
' !!\ivor.lliig to tbe most eminent authorities
,(iiiiiHlliio,mlauteauantitlos of load thus
, .• u reduced into anil aoeumulatlng lu the
ystcm, must rank among the causes ot
omnia and ftfMttvt nutrition la large
timur  .  ~ ■• "■ —•
I
W. ELSON,
Merchant Tailor,
PORT MOODY, B. C.
Mr. Elson will he at the Colonial Hold
the tlrst Wednesday In each month for
the purpose of taking orders,     dWjaSDtc
VANCOUVER CITY
Foundry* MachineWorks
THE PROPRIETORS OF THESE
works bave much pleasure ln notifying llielr friends and the public that they
oro now prepared to receive and promptly
execute nny orders for work ln llielr line
with which they may be favored.
A.McKELVIE,
Mechanical Manager.
Vancouver, B.O., 8tli May, 1888.
dwmy!2to	
TURNER, BEETON & GO.
MERCHANTS,
WHARC STBEET • T1CT0K1A.
▲OPBXTTS   TOB
North British and Mercantile
Insnrance Co. for Mainland.
H.O.
BEETON * CO.,
M Fin-bury Circui,
London, B. 0.
Fnr
ITOTIOB.
OTICE IB HEREBY GIVEN THAT
. an app icntloh will be made tu the
irllnmciit of Canada nt its next session
for an act to Incorporate a Company to
build, eqnlp, maintain and operate n, line
of Rnllway from some convenient point
ontho northern bank of the Fraser river
within tho municipal limits of the City of
New Westminster lo somo convenient
point on or near lhe 4!Mi parallel of north
latitude between Semlaiimoo Bay nnd
'■ownshlp Hixt.'.'ii (lfl), in the Dlstrlot of
New Westminster, Provinco of British
Columbia.
W. NORMAN BOLE.
Solicitor for Applicants.
Dated New WeBtmlnster,
tho 28th day of November, 1880.
dno2_tw(.
PORT  HAMMOND
NURSERY
Fruit Trees,
Ornamental Trees*
Small Fruits.
And GARDEN STOOK on hand In great
variety.
Everything flrst-class and furnished in
good shape.
*_*. Send 15 cts. for valuable 80-page Descriptive Catalogue with 0 beautiful colored plates.  Price Lists sent free.
O. W. HKNRY,
dwdelfltc Port Hummond, B. C.
COME AND SEE!
W. H. HOLDEN,
TTAVINO TAKEN POSSESSION OF
XI tbe "Temperance House,"fronting
on Oolumbla and church Streets, opposite
the Episcopal Church, and now known
s tbe
FARMERS'HOME!
Will accommodate tbe traveling publle
at tho following rates: fr-ifeSg'-i.
Hoard per day. ...........tfl W "'
11     " week  „„*.».«..., S 00
Single Meals. „,„.„„,..»»   35
Beds    35
■•.Good accommodation for Ladles and
families. myfto
Flowers for sale
An Event Intei-eillog Not Only as ft Ceremony, But as « Spectacle,
A correspondent of tho Scotsman, writing from Bombay, describes a Hindoo wedding at wbloh ho was present as being interesting not only as a ceremony, but asa
spectacle. The branches of tho trees ln the
garden wero outlined with little lamps, and
a largo pond in front of the house was hung
round very high up with flags, between
which more lamps were suspended.,
From tho balcony of the house I saw tlio
bridegroom arrive on u led horse, accompanied by many friendi. He was dressed
in cloth of gold, and woro a splendid, hat,
and bis richly caparisoned horso tied
wreaths of yellow flowers placed at equal
short distances across its hack, and hanging down to the ground.
He dismounted at the entrance, whero hia
little brido met him, and threw rice over her
own and his head, ns a symbol that sho
would care for tho wants of; the household.
They went together into the house, whore
tho wedding guests wore assembled, and
sat down on two red cushions facing ouch
other. A white cloth waa held up in front
of his face, and sho covered her faoe with
hor earl, while a cord of yellow and whito
wonted was put up around their necks,
joining thom togother. ' t\ ■       .
A large piece of muslin was then put
around his neck, and held up close to her,
and under this they joined hands. On leaving the houso, a bouquet, on which attar of
rases bod been poured, waa presented to
(every guest, and wreaths of flowers were
hung round our necks by onr hosts*.
, A pot of red paint sooths to have been oue
Of tho "properties" necessary at the wedding, end the veneration ln whleli the red
paint was held was exemplified by a fact
narrated by thb correspondent When telegraph posts were flnt eet up In some re-
Imote parts of India, the gentle Hindoo was
1 von t to cut tho same down for firewood, - A
| Voting engineer, who had studied the aboriginal character, painted the posts rod.
wlKToupan tho natives worshiped the p-isis,
land ceased to onriy thom away aa burnt
[offerings.	
Cnrloui Snake Story*
Mrs. Sue Dyer, of Dexter, Mo., for several
years was troubled with curious sensations
in her stomach, and sometimes In her
throat. Sho bocamo convinced that sho
hud ,'iomo sort of a living creature in her
stomach, and Induced a physician to give
her medlc.no to destroy It. A local newspaper says that after sho took tho medlclr c
tho movements of tho creaturo bbcahio so
violent that they threw her into convulsions that lasteit bov .ral hottrs. A,few
days afterward she was relieved of u enutao
twenty-one inches long. It is feared thut
Mrs. Dyer will not recover.
Noiseless LlgfcfcOlvMg .Hoe*.
A curious invention has been produced In
tho shape of a not .oless clock, for1 use more
especially in sick rooms. It. place, of tho
usual pendulum the hun '» aro set in motion
by the unrolling of a chain, tboumi of which
is fiwu'iiedui a buoy,, floating in u Mini. of.
liquid. The latter escapee at a uniform rutoi
and cau bo utilised to iced a lamp wick, and
giving tbe apparatus the double character of
clock and lamp.
TO SMOKERS.
IP YOU WANT TO ENJOY A GOOD
CIGAR, ASK FOB THB
BRITISH LION
HENRY LEE,
__._» MAINLAND.
liTThcy are not only, mode ol. the
Choicest TolMCCO Imt they are ol
Home Manufacture, and ahould be
patronized by all good citizens.
WM. TIETJEN, Manufacturer,
HOLBROOK BUILDINO,
COLUMBIA STREE...        HEW WESTMINSTER.
I.LlMDl
otul
m-m cobhova strum,
VANCOUVER. B.C.
Importers nnd Dealers In
MACHINERY
OF ALL DESCKITIUNS.
MARINE WOrITa SPECIALTY.
dwdeaitc
___TOTI-___.______.
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT
we have upplied to the Honorable
tbe Minister of the Interior fora license
to cut and carry away timber at the following places un Dominion lands:
1st, Commencing at a post about fifty
chains northwesterly from the northwest
corner of the Luck-scot-sls-siim Indian
Reserve, Yule District, llience nortii 60
chains, west 126 chains, south W chains,
oust 125 chulns, lo point of commencement, nnd contnining 1000 acres, more or
less,
2nd, Commencing nt a treo squared ns n
post at the northeast corner of Hicks1
Luke, no culled, thence norlh N) chains,
emit 100 chains, south 100 chains, west 100
chains, north 3 chains to e ige of Luke,
thence northerly along the shore of the
lake to point of commencement, and containing about 1000 acres, more or less.
Dated thli. 21st day of December, 1888.
21de8w E. A. WILMOT A CO.
M.A.McRAE
MERCHANT TAILOR,
IS SELLING AT
Reduced Prices!
TO MAKE ROOM FOR
SPRING STOCK
Opp. Colonial Hotel
Colombia St.,   •   New West-.iin_.tk...
Dominion Lands.
Jl' YOU ARE PAYING FOB YOUR
Pre-emption or for rent of Mining or
razing Land, or buying Farm, Mining
or nny land from the Dominion Government, .   *-.
DO NOT PAY GASH
But pay In MO.
largo discount.
Serin can be obtained in large or small
quantities from
ALLOWAY & CHAMPION,
BA_t*T_(C____-t8,
WINNIPEG,   MANITOBA,
om raov
iPRBAKKOF BBITISH COLUMBIA,
NEW WESTMINSTER.
dwmheto
HolbrookJstate!|
S_A.L_B   0_F
Valuable Property.
North British and
Mercantile
FIRE
INSURANCE
09MPANY.
ESTABLISHED 1809.
capital,   -  814,800,000.00
OP LONDON.
Capital,    •    $0,733,000.00
HATES AS   LOW  AH   ANY OTHER
 TMI DOING	
OOHPANIP	
IN BRITISH COLUMBIA.
T. Or. T-A-QXTES
Agent for New Westminster City
and District. d|e32te
Harrison HotSprinfis, B. C,
HKAITH AND PLRA8VBR RK80BT.
STEAM, BAIL 4 ROW BOATS ON HAND
RwlMMlmt, TaMraad Mvate Bathi,
With experienced Attendants.
LADIES   DEPARTMENT   SEPARATE.
Terms) ti.»0 ta |3.00 par day.
Only 8 miles from AeiisbIk Station; C. P.
It. 'Reduced B.R,and Steambost rotes.
Excursion rates good for 30 days frci
Weshnlt-ster lo AgHssIs HlHtlon and
turn, ill. Saturday excursion rate,,
until following Monday, W,"
tiSSK
,11 trains.
THE FOLLOWING DESCRIBED LOTS
are offered for sale, ln part or whole;
LOTS, BLOCK 5, Columbia and Front
streets, 68x182, with 0 stores thereon.
LOT 2*1, BLOCK lB-68xl3_i-CoIumblnand
Clarlt-iOiiBtreetH.wlth buildings lliereon.
LOTS 13 * 13, BLOCK S, Mary-.(reel; 2
acres, with hard finished house and
orchard.
H LOT 1,.BLOOK 10, Columbia street,
33x182.
LOT 81, GROUP 1, Vancouver rood, containing 280 acres.
aarThe above Properly brings tn a rental of (286.00 per month
For further particulars and terms of
snle, apply at
THOS. OVENS'
Blaoksmlth A Machine Shop,
Merchant Square.
New Westminster, B. C. docSKa.
ESTABLISHED 1859.
ROBT. DICKINSON
BUTCHER,
Hetty Oppoillc tht Colonial Hotel,
NEW WESTMINSTER
_ LARGEST AND  CHOICEST
auortment of all dMcriptiou of
MEATS AND VEGETABLES
Comtantiy on hand, and .upplied to Fam*
111m, Rutannnt., and Steamboat, at tt.
LOWEST POSSIBLE PRICES.
BOOK-KEEPING* AUDITING
ON REASONABLE TERMS.   Address
"C," Columbian Office.        ddelitc
NOTICE*
To Contractors and Bridge
Builders.
SEPARATE SEALED TENDERS will
be received by the Honourable Chief
Commissioner of Lands and Works up to
noon of Thursday,7th March next, for the
erection of bridges over the Nortii Arras
of the Fruser Itiver to connect Lulu and
ScalKinnds with each other and with the
mainland.
Two different designs for the bridges
have been prepared, upon which separate
bids must he mode.
Design No. 1 Is composed of nine Iron
combination Prutt truss apans of 140 feet
euch, one similar span of 100 feet, two
Howe truss swing spans of 110 feet each,
and "00 feet of pllo treBlle nppronch.
Design No. 2 Is composed of forty-se^cn
Sueen truss spans of 40 feet euch, two
owe truss swing spans of 1C0 feet each,
and 1,560 feet of approach.
Tlie piers in each design nre formed by
piles.
Each tender must be accompanied bynn
accepted bunk cheque for a num eqt<ul lo
live per cent, of the amount of the tender,
imiile payable to the Honourable Chief
Commissioner of Lands nnd Works, In
the event of a contract being let, tbe
cheque will be retained ns part security
for the dun performance of the work. The
cheque wilt be returned to unsuccessful
competitors, but will be forfeited by any
bidder who mny decline to execute a contract If culled upon to do so.
The contractor will be required to give
satisfactory security, amounting to half
the contract price, forthe due fulfilment
of the contract, and forthe maintenance
ef the bridge fora period'of six months
from tbe date of the completion of Ihe
work.
Plans and spcrlflcalions cun be fcecn,
nud forms for tender obtained, nt the oflice
of the undersigned.
The lowest or any lender not necessarily
accepted,
W. 8. GORE,
Surveyor General.
lands and Works Department.
Victoria, fist January, 1KS9.
djngjjtd 	
1889.
Harper's   Weekly.
ILLUSTRATED.
Harper's Wkbki,vhasnwHK'stabllsli-
ed place us the leading Illustrated newspaper In America. The fairness nf Us editorial comments on current politics hns
earned for It the respect and ronlldeuce
of all impartial readers, nnd the vuricly
and excellence of its literary contents,
which Include serial and short stories by
thelieKt and most popular writers, fit ft
for tlio perusal of people of the widest
range of tastes nnd penults. Supplements
nre frequently provided, and no expense
Is spared to bring int. liigest order of artistic ability to bear upon the Illustration of
the changeful phases of home nnd foreign
history. AnoM-workof fiction from tho
pen or William 1-eati Howells,nnd ono
by Copt, Charles King, will be among tlie
leading features of Ihe Weekly for im.
IURPER'8 "PERIODICALS.
PER YEAR l
IIAUPKI-'B WEEKLY $4 00
IIARPER'S MAllAZINK 4 00
HARPER'S  BAZAR 4 00
HARPER'S YOUNO PEOPLE 2 00
Postage Frf o to nil imbnrlbeii In the United
sulci, Cumuli, or Mexico.
Tlio Volume* or the Weeilv begin with the first
Namber for Jtouuy of each yenr. When no
time Ih mentioned, subscriptions will begin
with Ibe number current at timo of receipt of order.
Bound volumes of Hakprh'h Weekly,
foi three years back, in nent cloth binding,
will be sent by mull, postage paid, or by
express, free of expense (provided tbe
freight does not exceed 81.00 per volume),
for ¥7.00 per volume.
Cloth Ciuien for each volume*, mltshto fnr 1>1 tilling, will he Bent hy mall, postpaid, on receipt ol
tl each.
Itemlt.nne.-H. should be made by Poet-Ofll-O
Money Order or Draft, to avoid cbanco of lou,
Newipapen nre not to copy Hits advertliemcnl
without the expre_M order of Harper k Brothen,
Address       HARPER k BROS., New York.
NOTICE TO TAXPAYERS.
Assessment Act and Provincial Revenue Tax.
NOTICE 19 HKItEBY GIVEN, in nc-
e nlanct- with the Rtalutes, that I'rn-
vlnelnl Revenue Tax and all Taxes levied
under the Asscr-smeut Act are now due
for the yenr 1888.  All of the above named
Taxes collectible within the Dlslrlct of
New Westminster are payable at my
olfiee.   .
Assessed Tbxcp are collectible nt the
following rates, vlr.:
If paid on nr before June 30th, 19$)-
Provlnelal Revenue, 13.00 per capita.
One-half of one per cont. on Real Property,   .
8oven and one-hnlf cents per acre on Wild
Lnnd.
One-third of one per cent, on Personal
Property,
One-half of one percent, on Income.
If paid after June 80th, 18W-
Two-thlrds ot one per cent, on Real Pro*
perty.
Eight and one-hnlf cents per acre on Wild
Und.
One-half of one per cent, on Personal Pro*
perty.
Three>fourths of one per cent, on Income*
E. L. KIRKLAND,
Assessor A Collector.
New Westminster. EC,
Jannnry,l889. dwJalltljnW
1889.
Harper's   Bazar.
ILLU8TRATEJ.
Harper's Bazar will continue to maintain its reputation ns an unqualified fam-
Hy Journal. Its art illustrations are of
the highest order. Its literature Is oftho
choicest hind,aud it* Panhlonnnd Household departments of Ihe most practical
and economical character. Its pattern-
sheet supplements and fashion-plates
alone will save Its readers ten times the
cost of subscription, and lis articles on
decorative art, social etiquette, housekeeping, cookery, etc., make It Indispensable to every household, lis bright short
stories, and timely essays, are among the
best published; and not a line Is admitted to Its columns lhat could offend Ihe
most fastidious taste. Among the attiactions of tbo new volume will be serlnl
stories by Mrs, Frances Hodgson Burnett,
Mrs. Alexander, William Black, and
Thomas Hardy, and a series of papers on
nursery management by Mrs, Christine
TerhuueHerrlcK.
HARPER'S  PERIODICALS.
PER TEARi
nA-U'EIl'S BAZAR    *4 00
HARPER'S MAGAZINE   4 00
UARPKR'SWEEKLY 4 00
IIARPER'S YOUNO PEOPLE 2 00
Pottage Free to all luhcrilien In the United
State* Canada, or Mexico,
Ttie VulnniM of the Built begin with the tint
Number fur January of each year. When notime
.■mentioned, subscriptions will begin with
the Number current nt time of receiptor
order.
Bound volumes of Harpeii'h Bazar, for
three years bnck, In nent cloth binding,
will he sent by mnll, postage pald.orl-y
t-.-rTPKH, freo of expense (provided tbo
freight does not exceed one dollar per volume), for $7.00 per volume.
Cloth Ci-we fur each volume, Rullahlc fur binding, will be lenl by mnll, pot-paid, on recHpt ot
$1,110 each.
Remittances ihould be mndo by Pott-Offlce
Money Order or Draft, to nvuli! clmnci- of lima.
Newipapen are not to copy tbl* ndvorHwiiiunt
without the expresi order of Hiirj.i*r k Brothen,
Addreu UARPER k BROS.. New York
1889.
Harper's   Magazine.
ILLU8TRATED.
HARPBR'S MA-.A-.isi- Is the most useful,
entertaining, and beautiful periodical In
the world. Among lis attnu-llom. for itwii
will be a now novel-an American siory,
entitled "Jupiter Lights"—by Constance
V. Woolson; Illustrations of Shake-
speare'n Comedies by K. A. Abbey; a scries of articles on Russia, lllustrattd byT.
doThillatrup; papers on the Dominion of
Canada and a characteristic serial by
Oharles Dudley Warner; threo "Norwegian Studies," by BJornstlerno BJoriiaon,
Illustrated; "Commodus,1' a historical
piny by the author of ,,Ben*Hur1" lllus-
I rated by J. R. Weguelln, etc. The Editorial Depart men Is arc conducted by
George William Curtis, William Dean
Howells, and Charles Dudley Warner.
HARPER'S "PERIODICALS.
rU   TEAR I
HARPER'S MAGAZINE U fo
HARPER'S WEEKLY 4 00
HARPER'S BAZAIl 4 00
HARPER'S YOUNG PEOPLE I 00
Postage Free to all mbecrlben in the United
Statee, Canada or Mexico.
Tbe volnmei of the Maoahbi begls with the
Nnmben tor Jane and December nf each year.
When no time Ii ipedfled, subscriptions
will begin with tho number current at
111._.« of receipt of order
. Bound volumes of Haki-kh'hM An AXi-vic
for throe yean bnck, In neut cloth binding, will be sent by mail, postpaid, on receipt of 13.00 per volume. Cloth Cases, for
binding, ISO cents enoh-by mal], postpaid.
index to llmn'l U .oaiini, Alphabetical,
Analytical, and Olaeellled, for Volnmit 1 to 70,
Inclmive, from June, IIAO, to June, IS*., one
vol., Hvo, Cloth, *4.
RaattUsoN ihould lie made hy Pout-Office
Money Order or Draft, to avoid chance of teat,
Newspapen are not ta copy this advertisement
wilknl the erpnas order of Harper * Brother*.
Address HARPER « BROS., Kew York,
BRITISH
COLUMBIAN
STEAM
nnuuiiin
IJ»WH—   j
nmrmiTj
COLUMBIA    STREET,
New Westminster. It. I,
mn
(DAILY AND WEEKLY)
OLD E8TA8USBED AHD &SLUBLEI
UNMVALLED ON THE MAINLAND
OF BRITISH COLUMBIA AS
AN ADVERTISING
MEDIUM.
PER ANNUM, BY MAIL:
Daily British Columbian, • $8
Weekly" ■ 2
PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.
PRINTING
— OF—
Every   Description
EXECUTED IN
FIRST-CLASS STYLE
AT MODERATE RATE8.
OUR FACILITIES IN THIS DEPART
MENT ARE UNSURPASSED
IN THE PROVINCE.
Special Forms Ruled
and Printed.
HAVING A RULING SIACHINE ON
THE PREMISES WE ARE ENABLED TO FURNISH
SPECIAL FORMS
TO ORDER.
ADDITION IIPROVHTS
Have recently been made in the
various Departments,
And with careful and oflicient workmen,
fait stenm presses, nnd tirst-dass materials, we ean guarantee satisfaction to al
who favor us with thoir orders.
KENNEDY BROS.
nol PROPRIETORS.
Who is the Live Boot and Shoe Man
OF NEW WESTMINSTER?
A Thousand Tongues will Answer:
JAS. ROUSSEAU,
SI  Col-u.xn."fola Street.
MY FIGURES A..E TRUTH-TELLERS, AND UN-
less you take advantage of this GRAND OFFER I am
making in Goods FOR THE NEXT SIXTY DAYS from this
date, you will get left.
Come at once and get your BOOTS, SHOES, SLIPPERS
GUM BOOTS, OVER-SHOES and RUBBERS from me
while my stock is bright, new and complete. Also, a large assortment of American Goods, from Philadelphia, Chicago and San
Francisco.   Do not wait till your neighbors have had their choice.
10 per cent. Discount on all Cash Purchases for the Next Sixty Days.
^"Orders from the country promptly attended to.
JAS* ROUSSEAU.
Sole Agent for Sabin's Beeswax Oil Blacking; prevents shoe
from cracking.   Also, Oil Shoe Dressing, equally a blessing.
Nkw Westminstek, Jan. 15, 1889. dr. jely
CASTORIA
for Infante and Children.
"OMtorUii.owellaJ.ptBdto-blMMithM tittMri* an 0<i_e. OmH-Mlon,
I recommend it aamterior to any prescription tont Stomach, DlarThoea, Eructation,
tawratomo."     aA.AMHra,M.D., Xllb^oraa, give, top, md ptoowtw dt
*jra,H. T. .
U18o.OxftrdM.,Br«41jm!i
IwiJoSuJariown      ^^^^^^^
TaK Cemtipi CoHPaxr, 77 Murray Street, N. V.
BRITISH   COLUMBIA
LAND & INYESTHENT AGENGY, Ld.
THOMAS ALLSOP,
HENRY  S.  MASON,
CUYLER A.  HOLLAND,
DIRECTORS.
HEAD OFFICE, ■ 56 New Broad SI. ■ LONDON, ENGUND.
Tbe Business of AIX30F k MASON has been merged in the above Company
and will be carried on by the Company from this date aa a general Land Investment
and Insurance Agen :y,
MONEY TO LOAN on Mortgage at Low' Rates. Town Lota and Farming
Lands for Sale on easy terms.
Victoria B. C, May 16tli, 1687. dwje7tc
IfBlil
SfEELPENS
)#!)A_;-PARIS,I-S73p-
Aoksts: T.N.HIBBENACO., Victoria.
-IwnoZImit
Mainland Transfer
HACK, LIVERY, STAGE,
Feed | Sale Stables
THE SUBSCRIBERS ARE NOW PREPARED TO TURN OOT
DOUBLE AND SIN8LE RIGS
At Special Low Rates.'
and All Sindi of
Done at Shortest Notice.
Dr> < ordwM.1 delivered to any pnrt of
tlie City.
(inlet-* by Telephone will receive prompt
nttentlon.
O-TSiiiblcs nearly opposite O. P. K. De*
l>ot,Columbia St., NewWestminster.
djaiiic      QILLEY BROS. Vwn.
Feed, Livery i Sale
STABLES,
Dallas Street, Westminster
JOS. M. WISE,
PROP EIKTOE.
GOOD DRIVINQ A HIDING HORSES
lor Hire, Hacks cull at nil Hli-miieri.
nnd Train*.. Special attention given lo
Boardlni Horses.
COAL AND WOOD
Constantly on Hand.
Orders mny be left at tho office nr Mn-
then A llllllgan. Commission Merchants,
Front BtreeVNew West. dse2ltc
IMPERIAL
FIRE INSURANCE COMP'r.
I Old Broad St. and 16 Pall Mali-,
LONDON.
INSTITUTED 1808.
FOR INSURING HOUSES k OTHER
Bulldlngi, Goods, Wares, Memhan-
dtae, Manufacturing and Fanning Stock,
Ships in Port, Harbor or Dook, and the
Cargoes of snch Vessels; alao, Shipa build
tng and repairing, Barges and other Ves
■els on navigable riven and canals, and
Goods nn board inch Veeeels, throughout
Great Britain and Ireland and in Foreign
Countries,
FROM LOSS OR Pi MACK BT NRK.
Subscribed and Invested Capital,
,61.600.000 STG.
Rates of Premium and every i-ifonn:.
tion oan be obtained on application t.
W. J. ABHBTBONe,
Agent for New Westminster.
To Sai Francisco, Cal.,
BY WAY OP THE
Canadian Pacific
RAILWAY COMPANY.
NEW WESTMINSTER
 TO	
"VIOTO-E3I-A.
 VIA	
"VA JfOOUVIR
 AKD	
Canadian Pacific Navigation
coiifAinr's
Magnificent Clyde*bnllt Twin Screw
BTEAMER
1 ISLANDER'
]JAXLT    C03-T2TSCTXO-1T.
SINOfiB PARE	
ROUND TRIP	
..ism
... (ICO
Iteet.        latiuforl. MM,.
For iwllculnr*! mul Ticket., npply to
II. K. ANDERSON,
Ticket Agent, Nc* Weatminaler.
ROBT. KEIIR, D. B. BROWN,
Uen'l l'uHH'B'r Ag't,    1)1.1. rnic,Vr Ag't.
W hiiillH'ir. Vnneouver.
ilJiTml
8
THE MT. SHASTA ROUTE.
QUICKER IN TIME THAN ANY OTBER
ROUTE BETWEEN
Inr Mnlt uil Su Ihtom.
GRAND SCENIC ROUTE OF TNE PACIFIC WAIT
PULLMAN   BUFFET SLEEPERS
TOURIST SLEEPING CARS
For Accommodation of Becond-CI ass Pns
seoyeni, attached to Express Trains.
Fare from Portland to Sacramento ami
Hnn Francisco—Unlimited, 935; Flnt*
class (Limited), (20; Second-class (Limited), |16.
THROUGH TICKETS to alt points South
und East, via California.
TICKET OFFICES:
City Office, No. IM Cor. First A Aider
Streets;
Depot Office, Cor. F A Front Streets;
Portland, Oregon.
It. KOEHLER,       E. P. ROGERS,
Manager.        Anst.G. F. A P. Ag't
W.R. AUSTIN,
(IKALBRIH
General Merchandise!
kiw wnniuBni, i. c.
Hay and Feed
MAKKBT.
WOOD & COAL
(THK BEST QUALITY).
Dry Goods. Boots A ShOM»
Provisions A Groceries.
FARMERS' "^HARDWARE,
atr As we nie no whisky or tobacco we
can, by temperate habits and oar*(ul economy, servo the public at especially low
rates. dwjaute ,   _
Jnilg fritish Columbian
t-alunlay Kvealug. Feb. 16, 1889.
ADVERTISING BATES FOR THE DAILY.
Transient .idVFrllNrraeulH.—First Insertion, liu-tfi. per line Hniiii nonparollj ortoh
Miihsei|iii^it.(,()iiM<niiivL>iiisertfoQ,Hc(_9. per
Hue. Advi-i'llseiinjiitH not In.st.rleil every
lay—first insertion, lOciw. per llne; subso-
ipient insertions, Sets, per line.
HtiunUn-i Adverili.eiiienis.-1'ro/e-iiaion-
ul or Business Cards—52 per month. Special rates for general trade advertislm.,
according to space occupied and duration
of contract.
Audi-nt m»|4*h, when displayed, obarged
_.i per c«iit. less timn transient lulrts, If
.-ulid, rii._rij:ml at regular transient rates.
Sin'clal Kollces nmong reading matter,
M cts. per llne each Insertion. Specials
Inserluil by tlie month at reduced rates.
__tlrthc.iMarriaj.es and Peatlis.ll for euch
insertion; Funeral Notices in connection
with ili'-iili... &ueis. each Insertion.
WEEKLY aSyeRTISINO RATES.
Trui-sti-i. 1 Ad verlIscmentii.—First laser
don, im't... per line solid nonpareil; sub
sL-qucnt Insertions, 7 cts. per Hue.
(.uuiiiina Advertisement*,—Professional or Business Curds—$1.51) per month.
Special rales for general trade advertising.
Spi-i'i..! Notices, Births, Marriages and
Deaths, sa mo rates ns Dally,
CnlH .I...... be all metal,nnd forlartjt'Ciits
an exiru nite will h.- chiii-gc.l.
■sariVrsons 5i*inll;i;! In ndveriimjiiicn.-i
should lie i-iuvful i» .tale whether they
are to upbear in the Daily Edition, or the
Wei'ltly.or hoth. A liberal reduction is
made when inserted in lmth. No utTvor-
tlBemont inserted for los liniii $1.
SUB-jORlBERS
Who do not ret-clvcliiqlr paper reghlarly.
from tht- Carriers or  ll.ro.igU  uie 1'o-t
Utlh-e.wlll confer 11 favor by repoiMn-j; ihe
samu to thenltti-u of jjU-llicatloilat ome.
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS I'HISOAY.
Meeting Knights t*I Pythias
Fruit Trees \Vnl worth, Dewey Jfc Co.
Beef Tc
nt   (lie
Uot Colli
"Hub." *
The sir. Gladys wont dowii to tho
Nortii Arm tins morning.
Fresh Eastern and Native Oystors,
served in every stylo, at the Club. *
The artillery pnradod nt  tho  drill
ihed laat ni_jht for heavy gun  diill.
J. W. Sexsmith, of the Nortii Arm,
adds 830  to the  Exposition Fund.
Good!   Next!
St. Mary's Sappertou.    Thu services
to-morrow are at 8 a.m., 10:30  a.m.,
and 3:30 p.m.
Rev. T. G. Thomson, of Vanoouyer,
will prnsch in -St. Audrews church tomorrow, morning and pvoning.
Tho-schooner Champion, \V. Beck-
maw owner, frum Lulu island arrived
in port yesterday with a cargo of potatoes.
The steamer Rainbow  left for Victoria this morning   with   -0   tons   of
farm produce ami a number of passengers.
A meeting* of  those  in .crested   iu
the formation df a Kn_j*.lns of Pythias
lodge in thiB city, is called for Monday
evening.
We regret to learn of tliu death uf
Mrs. S. (i. Mttthowd(motherof Bits.
C. J. Robson of Ihi.i oliyj, which occurred at home in Brantford, Ont, on
the 7th inst.
Grant it tlatrstroin,   paintot'S,   and
now-comei?, have added   $20   to   lhe
Exposition  Fund.   This   is  a  good
example, for  seme   of our  pionners.
Where are they .   Next!
Since the police nmde their laat haul
in Ohltintow.] tin. putty thieving* which
hnd become bo provident, litis entirely
censed.   The police report   that   tho
city is free from susp.Qtr.ti-i ch a rue leva.
The foot ball club hold  a  practice
this  af tern nun.    A   meeting   nf   tho
onmmitteo will be held thia evening to
discu-H the conihiff match with Vancouver and other   important   mat tors.
Dr. Fiigan returned from Port Hnney
today and reports thnt all the diphtheria patients are cor.valeaccut, and
there hat .moil no fresh enses for two
weeks.   Only two  houses  are   now
quarantined,
Tlio discount sale at Grant  ifi  Maelure's will lie discontinue! after   next
week.   They will then open up a good
assort ment of fine Boots and SJlpQa for
the spring trade.   Thoir now adv. will
appear on Monday.
R.viwil serVicea will be held durlnt.
next weel;   in  the  Methodist church
beginning  lo-moi-row evening.   Subject of sermon:  "A Momentous Ques-
lion."   Kev. Mr. McKay, of Vancnu-
v-1\ will preach in Iho momint.'.
0   W. llaane, tlm cow-hoy  evangelist, will c nd'.'.' tlie meeting, at tho
V M.C.A. rooiitr, to-iii»lit, at 8 p.m.,
and to-ni'irio\v at'I p.m., these l.ein_.
the last occasion, on   which   he   will
apeak hero for thu   present,   as   Mr.
Rasuro l-.avea Westminster on Monday,
Tlie resfdenco  nf Hubert  McKee,
five iiultia from Ladner Landing, was
totally  destroyel   by  lire Thursday
nfte.riumn, Mr MoKee,   hi'ing  alone,
aavod Hi t'e or nothing of lii______ luruituio
or other por.on:il pruticrty. Loss,
over two tlio ifl.itid d-ill.ni; insured for
nine   laindted.
Tho first annual banquet uf the
Vnneoiivt-r board nf trade will take
place »t. theH <tel Vancouver on March
6th. Invitation* havo been Bi-nt to
tho iiiomhors of tho Victoria and
We8linlnBn,l*'bnni'_Js, the limit.-governor and many other... It is proposed
to make thu banquet a very notable
alli-ir.
Tlm storm of sleet and snow which
visited tliis city -11 Wednesday raged
with Homo neveiity un 1'uget Sound.
In Por*, Tirwiisetid buy tno steamer
O.ymtinu hai pari uf her gtitirtls
broken aud a inosilMom swashed iu by
tho wavoi. Utility a squill in lho
Straits 11 sloop was cAp.ii.ed, and the
sie.-uiior Wild-rood Inn a hu.it while
making a lauding,— Colonist,
in the Hipti-. church (onnorrow
moruti-g th'. ll-v. Mr Ualdwin will
toko for itie subject uf his discourse
"The brotherhood of Christ." This
will be the lira*, td a series of sermons
which thur.v. yt.nllcin.ili into.ids to
preach and liiqii-sts all his ponplo if
possible tn h« present at thom all.
The subjefli" tn ilibiruw evening will ba
"Did Gui haideii Plinnifth'a heart."
Tharo is a very jn.nl-hy mnvunicnt
in roni e.Nte just .mw, This la lint
to bu wiitidun-d at, an the prospects of
Wcsliuiiist. r iif-J inrticul.it ly bright,
and no better bpi'Milatioii exists thiiti
buyiug prujitriy u-id putting up'build
inga heir. 'During tho week Rand
Bros., r..**I os'ii'i* agents, havo n,V\
over -!0 city hiUk nmi Imvo _K) more
under way, which will ho sold early
next weok. Accounts have been vory
favorable fibiti ofchvr aceuts during tho
week. -        •  :'   -
All Immense Ledge.
Mr. H. Roberts arrived yeateiNday
aftetnoou iu Victoria, and he saya
that the excitement over Iho gold discovery tm Toxada Wnnd is vory intense. Nothing else is being talked of
iu Nanaimo. Tho last found led.qo 19
phenomenal in every respect. It is
forty feet wide, and, in plain view, ox-
tends over one mile, with traces for
ton miles further, lu tlie opinion of
several exports the find is no immense
that very few will believo thnt tho
statement can ho true. Su far, of
course, all that is known ia from opinions formed from its surface. By actual measurement from wall lo wall the
ledge averages forty kct-Thursdau's
Standard.
Tlie Surrey Civic llnll.
As announced previously, the civic
ball came off nt the town hall on Tuesday evening. It was a grand success
in every way. thero being tho largest
number present who have attended
hero at auy social event before. We
obierved tho reevo (Mr. Punch) and
Conns Shannon and McCallum appeared to enter into tho festivities With
»roatviin. The dancing was kept up
wuh spirit until about midnight.) when
supper was served. The guests proa-
eut oould scarcely obtain standing
room on the floor. After tho good
things provided for the occasion had
boen discussed, dancing was resumed
until daylight] when the party broke
up, everyone declaring lliey had
enjoyed a very pleasant time, nud voting the Surrey council a jolly aet, and
tlio civic ball 1111 institution that should
he perpetuated.—Com,
Concert nf ClnsHfrnl llii.ie.
Tho conceit of classical music
given by Mr. Septimus Gough
and tho Messrs. Dyko at tho Oddfellows' Hall, last evoning, was a groat
musical treat, hut did not receive the
patronage it so richly deserved. Tho
performance of Mr. Gough on the
piano wore n revelation to tho majority
of the audience Uo is an artiste far
above the ordinary standard and has
1111 e.ir aud touch which border very
closely on pmfeolion. Mr. G. J.
Dyke, on the violin, and M. 1*'. W.
Dyke, on the vi liucoll", rendered
beautiful niu.ic and sustained tho en-
coninms passed on them in other
cities. Mra. Thos. Humphreys sang
"Fur Ever mid fur Ever," and ".'Queen
of My Heart," in a manner atul voico
that completely won iho hearts of the
audience. ' She is imbed a .sweet
singer and Westminster will be glad to
welcome her n<>aiii-
Slr.  .Iclaiirri-N Welcome,
Rev. E. D. McLaren, lato of Brampton, Gut., who was inducted tu tlm
paslorato nf St. Andrew's (Preshy-
tetian. church, Vane uiver, on Wednesday evening, received a warm aud
flattering social reception last evoning, in tlie Wilson Hall, at Vancouver.
Rev. T. G. Thornsm occupied the
chair, and on tho platform, besides tho
honored guest »f the evening, woro
Revs. Messrs. Jamiosun, Meltae,
Podley, Kennedy, Robson and McKay representing various denominations in Vancouver, and including a
visitor from this city and from Vic-
toiiaaml also tho lute pastor of St.
Andrew's. A very interesting programme was L'lven during tho evening
interspersed with appropriate addresses
from the various ministers preacnt, and
a particularly eloquent address from
Rev. M. McLaren hnnsolf. After the
addresses, music, ete, tho meeting
adjourned to tho dining hall upBtairs,
where about 000 persuns wero onter-
tnined to lunch, and a pleasant timo
e .joyed until about 11 o'clock.
PERSONAL.
Theo. Davie, Oj. 0., is ..laying at
tho Colonial.   ,     o
.Tm Ort, M. P. P., was in town
this nftcrnoon.
O. E. Corbould returned yesterday
from'a visit to the capital.
W, Norimtu Hide, q C. M. P. P.,
returned from tho capital yesterday.
MiiaE. Dutminiiir artivod ihi. morning from Victoria on a visit to St.
Mary's Mmhlt.''
Children Cryfor Pitcher'sUa-toriH| {EKto«_W
A Ulg Ileal Cloned,
This morning thu salo of block 81 on
the C. P. R. subdivision of lot 541 was
olosed! The block i. bounded by
Howe, Nelson, llelineeken, and Hornby strcctti, and contains .'IS lots, on
some of which aro erected terraces of
houses. Tliis property was known us
tho Chamberlain block. That gontlo-
mnn bought tlio laud from tho G.P.li.
Company, subject to the building conditions. Tho structure of thu buildings was proceeded with, but that
gentleman had not sufficient capital
wherewith to completo them. It haa
been known for soir.o time that ho waa
in difficulties through his enterprise.
To-day Mr. K. S. Scoullar, of Now
Westminster, bought the entire pro-
petty, and received a deed therefor
from tho C. P. R. Co , .Mr. J, Browning signing it just a. tlie train was
about to move out. The purchase consideration w;.b 342,000, cash. Mr.
Scoullar secured a groat bargain, the
property being worth a great deal
more money, Hu will proceed nt
once with tho completion of the houses
and, no doubt, they will snun bo tenanted, as thore is a brisk demand for
hnuoo accomodation in that end of .he
city,--World.
Surrey Agricultural issoclnilnh*
A general meeling of the above association was held at tho town hnll,
Surrey Centre, on Wednesday, Fob,
13tll j whereat n large number of '.he
officers and liiotnbars of the association were present. Somo slight
nmondineulB Wi-ro mado to thu constitution, nnd threo gentlemen, (additional), Messrs. D, R. Brown, A. Murphy
and .1 Wade, wero elected to the
board of management, and the follniv-
iug ciitnmittoes wero Appointed ;
Finance, Messrs. C, Brown, .I. Arm-
strung aud G. W. 1_m_-.1i ; committee
on publication, the president, tho sec-
rotary aud A. Murphy. Thn secretary
wns instructed to havo curtilieaitts of
memborahip and revised constitution
printed ; also to correspond with tho
secretary of the Ontsrio Provincial
Farmer's Institute, requesting biformation ns to U10 formation and practical operation of institutes in thu UllHt,
with a view of propagating tho samo
principles here, It was decided to
hold n mooting of tho board of man-
agers on Wednesday, March loth, at
J. o'clock p , tho secretary to notify
memben who wero absent. After the
business uf tlio meeting was brought
to a cIubo (he gentlemen present engaged io tho discussion uf fjUPBtloiia
pertaining to agricultural do*, .•lupmunt,
drainage, improvements tf stock, etc.,
etc , when mnny new and valuable
tdonS 'wero communicated,' nnd nil
preient felt tint it was an hour
pruli'nhly employed, and tho uftener
tho farmers mot and dinauased mattorH
uf this kind, Iho hotter it wjuild bo fur
thom aa individuals, and for tho distriot at largo — Com
Have you tried Hnllowny's Corn (.'ure ?
It has no equal for removing theso troublesome cxcroscciiBes, ns many have tea*
Sanday Newspapers Ceidmined.
Rev. Mr. Thunisun, pastor of the
ilrat Presbyterian ohuroh, on Sunday
evening preached ono of a series of
sermonn on Sabbath desecration, iu
which he brought prominently to
notico newspapers that are published
on Sunday. He regarded thoir publication on that day aa a retrograde step
and a return to tho immorality of tho
middle ages. Those who do not respect the Sabbath enjoy the Sunday
newspaper and desire it to bo left
alone, but, he asked, should it be?
The distraction of mind it caused nnd
the distraction from the holiness and
quio!: of Sabbath observance were
pointed to. It waa argued, ho said, in
defence that thero was moro Sunday
work in connection with a Monday
paper than with a Sunday paper, but
this ho denied on what ho considered
good authority. Tho greater part of
tho Monday morning paper ho thought
could be printed ou Saturday and tho
remainder after nine o'clock Sunday
evening, or even after 12 o'clock at
night, which would allow all the employees an opportunity to attend both
services on Sunday. Thoro waa no
rest fur the lirnin of thoso engaged in
getting up the paper, and besides a
number of newsboys had to bo engaged to circulate it in the morning.
Woro thoy willing, ho naked, to havo
thoir boys thus pollute tho day and be
engaged in Sabbath breaking. Tho
possibility was that dime of the boy
burglars had mado thoir first Btep in
soiling the Sunday paper.'. The
preacher was of tlio opinion that Iho
adveriiser were really responsible, as
it was simply another wny of disturbing advertisements on Sunday. No
doubt thoro waa nnt ono but would
hesitate to send men around .paltering
dogers, or pasting up bills for that
day, but tho samo result was achieved
by advertising iu a Sunday paper. It
wns having the publisher to do it for
you. The church was naked to unito
against Sunday newspapers, and put
an end to their evil influences.— News-
Advertiser of Wednesday.
Use the safe, pleasant and effectual
worm tiller, Mother Graves' Worm Exterminator} nothing equals it. Procure
a bottle and take it home.
Supreme Court.
(Mr. Justice McCroight Presiding.)
Suterm Robson. Interpleader case,
— It will bo remembered that at the
trial hold last May tho jury found
for tho defendant, Mrs, Sitter, but
upon appeal to lhe divisional court a
new trial was granted.
Mr. T. 0, Atkinson forphuntiiJ.iiild
Mr. Theo. Davie, Q.C., and Mr. Jenns
for defendant*.
Tho following jury w„s empanelled: F. G. Stuekiand, R. Couth,
H. P. McGmnoy, M. Sinclair, John
Dougnll, T. Stevenaon, E. A Cook,
(foreman), Alex. Ewen.
His loidship remarked that ho was
sorry tho law did not provide for tho
paymo it nf jurymen's expenses who
wero not empanelled. The rojeeted
jurors, however, did not seem to bo
annoyed at this loss nud vacated tho
court in apparent ch urfulnesa.
Mr. Atkinson addressed tho jury,
laying tho ensu beforo it in a plain and
forcible manner.
Mary Agues Suter, sworn said;— I
havo lived in Westminster sinco'Muy,
1877; my husband died in March,
1883, in California; I resided in Victoria before coming here; I was not
living with my husband at tho time of
his death; I had means lu live on for a
timo but they became exhausted and I
camo lo Westminster; I havo two children; I camo here to keep house for
my uncle, .1. K. Suter; the arrangements wore that 1 should have 050 per
month and board for myself and children for performing tho duties of
house-keeper; 1 assumed duties the
day I arrived and since then I have
been regularly thero; 1 brought my
furniture from Victoria with me and it
has been used Generally in tho house;
1 received £100 from the old country
in October, 1870, and gavo it to Mr.
Suter to place iu tho saving*, bank for
me; 1 let Mr. Suter have tho money
(400) to mako some payments on land;
I asked Mr. Suter several times to pay
me; this waa previous to tho Port
Moody boom; ho snid ho had not tho
means lo pay me then but would do so
as Eoon as possible; I expected ho
would pay me; I have asked him frequently since then for my money, but
ho has never piid me a cent; 1 often
required moiwyaiid I did somo sewing.
sold chickens, ducks, fruit, etc., to
procure the funds to buy clothing for
myself aud ehildron; Mr. Suter sold
considerable property and I naked him
to pay me, but as nsna! he .aid he was
unable; several limes while the Port
Moody boom was in progress I asked
him to pay mo but could got no settlement; iu 1887 I mado a fresh demand
on Mr. Suter for my money, and thia
time I declined to bo put nil' any
longer, for I thought if I did not Get a
set Moment thon I never would; tbo
liliol Huit waa then coming un aud I
was afraid I might lose nil; he gave mo
a mortgage on tho house, the ofiice
nnd printing plant, and the Port
Moody property, as security for tho
amount owing me; tho total amount
of security was 80,800; I havo no other
means than this for the support and
education of my children, and if this is
taken away I have nothing.
Cross-examined by Mr. Davie: J
knew my undo before 1 came to keep
hruiso for him; the nrrangoinont was
mado in Victoria; thu Iioubu wo livo in
was purchased after 1 camo; my husband nover lived with mo in Victoria;
my ehildron aro going to school at
present and have Icon since 8 yearn of
age; I was supposed to clothe my chilli 1 en out of Ihe $50idlowatice; I think
it war. about the end of October or beginning of Novembor, 1887, that Mr.
Suter promised to make over thu property to me; there was no understanding as to what property should bo made
o-'or, I only insisting that my claim
should bo covered in full; 1 think it
was in December I saw the deeds convoying tho property tu me; the deeds
oovered the amount of my olaim; tho
lot on which iho printing ofli.e nt-oidB
was conveyed lo ineahaotutoly; I hnvo
col lee od no rant from Mr. Suter since
the property was made ovor to me nnd
Jb still in poRBCBB.mi; sinco the transfer
thero hns been no change in our relations; I certainly instructed Mr. Atkinson in this caso; ho will probably
be paid out of the property; I could
not swear thnt Mr. Suter is looking
after this suit: no cash haa been paid
mn since tho suit commenced; I do not
know lhat Mr. Sutor has other property.
Cross-exnminod by Mr. Atkinson: 1
nm letting tho old arrangement.*, itand
until this case is settled.
This completed Mrs. Suter'a ovi-
denco, when the next witneu, Mr. J,
K. Suter, wns sworn, and whoic -evidence, as well ns that of the other
witnesses, will he published in Monday's issue.      _______________ 1
VICTORIA^ NEWS.
(■rand Ledge Htsslon Closed Last Sight.
A Magma seas Jewel—Banquet al Ike
Clarence, Ac.
8[>oclal to Tlie Columbian.]
Victoria,Feb. 16.—Theses..on of
tho grand lodge of I.O.O.F. closed last
night. The following officers were
duly installed: Grand Marehnl, J. E.
Phillips, New Westminster; Grand
Commander, .1 C Henderson, Chilliwhack; Grand Guardian, J Crossen,
Nanaimo; Grand Herald, W Huxtable,
Vic!orU;Grand Chaplain, \V E Holmes,
Victoria; District deputies, division No
1: T J Partridge, Victoria; 2, II H
Baker, New Westminster; 3, A McGregor, Nanaimo; 4, B Shearing,Wel-
lingtou;5, J McCuteheon,Ohtlliwhack;
0, T 0 Gray, Vancouver; S Clarke,
Kamloops. Tho District Deputy degree of Rebecca Sisters, A Young,Vic*
toria; Grand Instructor and Past Grand
Master, W McColl, New Westminster:
W H Flewin, Victoria. Retiring
Grand Master J Davis was presented
with n handsome Past Grand Master's
Jewel. It is a most elaborate affair,
made «f massive gold, Bet with diamonds nnd other precious stones.
Emblems of tho order and provincial
coat of arms on tho surface are in raised
gold. Tho jewel bears tho following
inscription: "Presented to Joshua
Duvies, retiring Grond Master, by the
brothers of the jurisdiction of British
Columbia, Victoria, B.C., Feb. 15th,
1889." A banquet was held in tho
Clarence hotel last night, and was a
grand sticc'ecs. Fully 80 brothers
wero present. Visiting delegates loft
for thoir homes this morning.
What promises to bo a very sensational divorce suit will probably be
divulged within a very short timo. A
youug and handsome lady will, if rumor proves correct, sue to be divorced
from her husband, a young Englishman of title. The young man is somewhat of a sport and, it is said, has
been showing great attention to ono of
the dcmi'-mojidekncwn ns "Tho Countess." Tho latter will, Damo Rumor
saya, bo tho co-respondont. Somo
sensational developments are looked
for, Tho affair hns been kopt very
quiet.         '
PUBLIC OPINION
.trgue*. Hint, Financially, "the Kingdom
oft.-iimdo" Would Ite n Kan* Ofsler—
on tlie lliiirsn, 11.
We staled yesterday that tho creation of Canada into a kingdom would
give us tho chance to make commercial
treaties, which wu cannot do under
our present system of government, and
now we propoeo to notico how it would
effect us financially. To-day we have
to receive 11 governor-general chosen by
the imperial government, and our past
experience shows that they aro little
versed in questions of vital importance
to a strong, growing, enterprising
business peoplo ; Canada has served
as a school to educate these mon to
thu best form uf colonial government
in the world, and when, by their continual intercourse, they have become
attached to the country, the people
and tho customs, nnd ure iu this attachment compelled to take an interest
in our welfare—then, wo tay, when
they become of some use—some value
--they are called by the expiration of
their term to leave ub, And it is a
noticable fact that they aro never kept
idle at home, but tho imperial government, (no matter of what party),
seeing thoir increased usefulness, dispatch them upon important missions
and to Hll important posts, which it is
strange to say they do uot apportion
toothers who havo "neBtled under
thoir wings" at home. Now, to this
representative uf the British crown we
pay 850,000 a year—they use up all
their old clothes here—and carry
away quite a little balance with them;
whereas, if we had a crowned head, instead of one semi-c.wenetf, although
his establishment might provo a littlo
more costly, the court moving from
point to point throughout the country
would cause the upper ten to circulate
considerably more money than at
present—money that would never be
circulated in any other way—and,
more than this monetary diffusion,
would be tho direct bandit. t> every
Canadian in the interest uf the interested crowned head iu u people growing up around him in ciumoercial importance and wealth, making him vie
with them in overy ambition tu increase tho proi-i* rity uud attain the
general welfare of his people, so that,
at lirst sigh', ivo aie persuaded Mint,
Iiu mcinlly, the ohango would bo a sue- 1
cess,    WiM speak from a military point
ntor.
Pi'iii.n; Oi'i.Nios.
Children Cryfor Pltcher'sCastorla
Sleeplessness is duo to nervous excitement. Tho delicately constituted, the
linam-ier, tlio business man, and those
whose occupation necessitates great mental strain or worry, nil suffer Iocs or
more from it. Sleep is ttie great restorer
of a worried brain, and to got sleep
cleanse tho stomach from all impurities
with a few doses of Pormoleo'B Vegetable
Pills, gelatine coated, contnining no mercury, ami are guaranteed to give satisfaction or tho money will be rofunded.
Tlio jpominfoii Ilhuitralcd como3 lo
na again, rich in true Canadian url and
litcraturo, a credit to  tho Dominion.
BAPTIST    OHURCH.   Amies Hheel,
Kusi of   Mary Ktieei.   Lord's Day
,Servl.'i*si*l 11 a m. ami 7 p.m. Salil-iuh
Melioolanitr.inle CIiisp. al 2V« l>. 111. All
Hei.tH five; Kli-uni.u'-i eorillnllv welcomed.
—Kev. VliON- Huli.wln, tuiKt-ir.  1
MKTIIuniNT C fall HC H , Mary
Klrcet, Kev, J. H. White, PftRtor,
Nervlee-i fit 1" r. hll I"ni7p, 111, Sunday
Hehool end Jliii'e Class li: In. m. Prayer
.Meeting ou Tiiii-.-ilayw at luop.m, gents
free; striingers oordlully Invited.
ST. PAUL*!* OMUIIOI1, John Rtreel,
Oppoiite til*; 'tge Hall. Hov. Thomas
Him'iIqi- PflBio-1. Services overy Sunday
at 11 n. iu. nnd 7 n. m. Thursilny evenings
n(7:'1 o\ nek. Heuls /roe; nil are eorill-
al'y Invited. Hominy Hclmol nt 2:1)0 p. in.
nHURCH OF KMGLASID.-HOLY
\j TRINITY OHimC-H; Hector, Tlie
Ven. Aveluieicon Woods, ft. MARY'S
CHURCH: Rector, Tho Blfliop. Rervlces
In both c.uit.-lies every day. All seats
trot: Oolh e.ut. .-lies upon all day for private prayer.
\\T O. T. V_—Kmtll.An MEETING
VV < eveiy -Wedneiday afternoon at a
o'clock at 1 lm W,CT. U.Headquarters,
Douglas HI, Loyal l.ej.lon In the Mime
place every Friday nftcrnoon.—MKs. Jan.
c.iNNiNfiuAM, President) Miss DbBkok,
Secretary.
UHIOV LODOB Mo, 9, A. V,
At Ai M..-The regular meet*
lngs of (bis Lodge nre held In
the Mf-oulc Templeo^ (lie Ilrat
Jnesday In oach month, nt7:13o'clock
ri. m. Sojourning brethren are cordially
nvlled to attend.-W. O. CoAVllAK, Sec.
Wednesdi
HOARD OF TRADE. Board Room,
D Oddfellows Brick Block, np-staln.
Counoil menls on tho flrst and third Wednesday In each month.nttp.m. quarterly
meetings on the 22nd of Feb., May,, Aug.,
and Nov., nt 7::» p. m. New members
moy be proposed and eleoted at any qunr*
torty meeting.-!). Bunson.Hee.
BOOK-KEEPING & AUDITIN8
ON REASONABLE TERMS.   Address
••O," Columbian Oflice.      ddellto
B. C. Provincial -Exposition
Subscription Fond.
.•"or tho purpose of raising a fund to
contribute towards the patriotic and
worthy object of making the next annual provincial fair, to he held In this
city, a grand and unprecedented success,
the undersigned agree to contribute the
sums opposite their respective names (to
be paid into tbe association or to trustees
competent to receive the same, on or before 6 months from tho date of the lut
provincial exhibition, and to be applied
to. preparing exhibition grounds and
buildings in the city, for increasing the
amount offcted in prizes, and for furthering the exhibition In other ways);
Tub Columbian  3100 DO
Sharp? A Paine, Lulu Island    10 00
L PT-Cksteln    10 00
u I) Brymner   10 00
It W Armstroog    10 00
F R Glover. —    10 00
Walker* Bhadwell    10 00
Claud Hamber-    10 00
PeterGmnt,    10 00
George Turner    10 00
WJ Armstrong  30 00
A J  Hill    10 00
Cant A Grant    10 00
J ft  Macdouell    10 00
W O Loye    10 l»
P Rllodeau  10 00
F G Strickland   25 00
Oliley Bros   20 00
HII Webb   25 00
T Cunningham   80 00
Henderson Bros.Chllllwhuck    10 00
A B Wintemute   10 W
Per Ex-Mayor Dlcktnsoo 212 ffi
Annie M Jnuucs    10 00
Stewart A Cash    25 CO
Jas Cunningham   WOO
Grant.* Hagstrom  20 00
J W Sex em 1th  30 00
Next I
Wten Behy was ■._*, va gave her Castoria,
Wlien ehe wm a Child, she cried for Castoria,
Wbfln she became Miu, the clung to Cutoria,
When aha bad Children, she cava tbwn Cutoria
Jacob Loockman, Buffalo, N. Y,, says
ho has beon using Dr. Thomas' Eclectrig
Oil for rheumatism ; ho had such a lame
back ho could not do anything, but oue
bottle has, to uso Ids own expression,
"cured him up." He thinks it ia the
heat thing in the market.
Knights of Pythias.
ALL   WHO   ARE   INTERESTED  IN
organizing a   Knights   of   Pythian
Lodge lu New Westminster are requested
In meet in the Temperanco Hall on 	
dny, Feb. 1811s, at 8 o'clock p. 111.   dfol0t2|
WISH TO NOTIFY THK PEOPLE OF
New Westminster and vicinity thnt
they have on hand for spring planting,
3,000
Choice Fruit Trees
Also, a Large Stock of
Small Fruits, Plants, Shrubs,&c
All mull orders will receive prompt attention.   AiUliess,
WALWORTH. DEWEY A CO.,
dwfelfiml        New Westminster, It. C.
TO   LET.
F1IKNIHIIE1, ROOMS   IN   A BRICK
Houie on Agut'H Street.  Atlilrens P.
O. Box SOO. ilJn25lo
miuntflL
BANK IIUII.OIKOH,
Mary Street, New Westminster, B.C.
14 CURE ROW, HAUFM, (NCUWID.
CHARTERED ACCOUNTANTS AND AUDITORS,
CONVEYANCERS, REAL ESTATE AND
INSURANCE AQENTS,
STOCK ANO SHARE BROKERS.
London ami Lancashire Fire ond
British Umpire Life Insurance
Companies*
New Westminster Bnlldlng Society*
Accountant*! Office, Diocese of N.W.
City Auditors, 1880.1887 and 1889.
ADVISE CLIENTS IN THE BUYING
AND SELLING OF REAL PROPERTY IN THE CITY AND DISTRIOT,
1    and other monetary transactions.
Have several good investments on tbelr
books, nnd all now comers will do well to
cnll before doing business elsewhere.
dwSdoly
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IMMENSE SALE
 OF       '.
DRY GOODS, CLOTHING
hats, a___-._R,pia*_f__i,
LINOLEUMS, OIL CLOTHS, ETC., ETC.
Commencing Oot. 10th, I08B.
As we have deoided to retire from the retail Dry Goods business this season, we
now place onr entire stock on the market at
WHOLESALE PRICES.   NO RESERVE.
B-V~_-B_Cr_-_X-fC(_lr   -__-_TB_2   BB   SOX.D.
$6,000 worth of Clothing, Hats and Men's Furnishings.
$20,000 worth of Dry Goods, Carpets, Oil Cloths and
House Furnishing Goods, etc.
*--'As we are known to carry ono of the largest and best assorted stocks lu the
Province, ib will not bo necessary to enumerate. An early inspection will convince
tlie publio that wo mean business, and that the atook must be olosed out before tho
cud of this season; therefore wo have placed our goods at prices lower than have
over been offered before in this Province,
URMKMBBR—Tlie Stoek must be closed out by the end of the year.
OALL BARLT WHILE TUB ASSORTMENT IS GOOD.
Terms- Under $100, cash; over 8100, secured notes at three months with intorest,
■D. DRTSDAI.B Ac OO.
clOdwIyr MASONIC BLOCK, COLUMBIA ST., MEW WESTMINSTER.
To All Whom it May Concern:
For the next 10 days we offer our entire stock of
HATS AND CAPS
at greatly reduced prices, to make room
for New Goods, now en route.
These Goods are of the best English
and American makes and latest styles and
will be sold at prices which will astonish
you. Call and examine before buying
elsewhere.
OGLE, CAMPBELL & CO.,
Columbia St., New Westminster.
R. J. ARMSTRONG,
23B-kJ___im,   IH
Choice Family^ Groceries!
FINEST CBUM-RY BUTTER A SPECIALTY.
Labrador Kerrlng©,
_L_Cac_«rerel. Salt Ood,   ,
_____.x___ao-u.x's TJx_.c. -EXanas.
_£__,xxx-.o-ax'a TTxxc. Bacon.
_Flo-ar. Bran. Sliorte.
-_rH_GH___T P-l-Cl-8 PAID FOB FARM FRODUOK. •
noMwir ' Sooullar-Armitrong Hook, Oolumbla at.
REMAINING   STOCK
-OF-
W-._z_t__.W-mw wo em *
Tejr JE TC tt jb _■_»
Wool   Ooods
-TO BE SOLD AT-
Actual COST PRICE
FOR     CASH
TO MAKE ROOM FOR NEW STOCK
JAMES ELLARD & CO.
LOii-SroOICT  ECOtJSBl.
tlwocl3to ^^fl
_F_.C_R_A._EE!,
Practical Watchmaker, Manufacturing
Jeweler & Optician.
OPPOSITE THE BANK OF -toNTREAL.
WATCHES, CLOCKS, JEWELRY, PLATED WARE, &C.
BEST QUALITY.   EASTERN PRICES.
A fall line of Hpectncles & Eye-Glasses In steel, rubber, silver and gold
frames.  The finest Pebbles made, $4 per pair; all lights suited.
Speoial attention given to FINE WATCH REPAIRS. Having learned the
business thoroughly from some of the finest Horologers In England, and since then
managed the watch-repairing departments of a few of tho best firms on iho continent of America, is a sufficient guarantee of good workmanship. Formerly manager for nearly 8 yean of the well-known firm of Savage k Lyman, Montreal,
Charges moderate*
Mohtbeal, Deo., 1887.—Mr. F, Crake—Andw. Robertson, Esq., Chairman ot
Montreal Harbor Commissioners, says: "I never fonnd a Watchmaker who did to
well for me as you did when in Montreal, and I am sorry you are not here to-day.".
.IWI-plttC , a...   .
*co.
Wholesale and Retail Druggists
NEXT CPOLONIAI, HOTEL, NEW WESTMINSTER, P. C.	
SINCLAIB
H
Central Grocery, Columbia Street,
AS JUST RECEIVED Fenrman's (Hamilton, Ont.) Bacon, Hams,
Lard* eto.—a choice lot which will be sold cheap.
Ogilvie & McMillan's Hlltlgnrlnil Flour always on hand; also—
-Spallunicheen Flonr of three grades, with a fresh line of all kinds of Groceries on hand, and new Ooods every week, from the cheapest markets, «
Floaao call and examine; 110 trouble to show Goods and quote price, and you
will find one of the best places to buy Family Groceries in the Royal City.
dwiiolillo *^^|
W. & B. WOLFENDEN,
—DIRECT IMPOllTERS OF—
DryGoods Groceries!
JUST  RECEIVED,  EX  "vibLA," A  LARGE   CON-
signment of
Crosse A Blaokwell's Table Delicacies, Mince
Meat, Plum Puddings, Christmas Fruits,
Soups, Potted and Devilled Meats, Sardines,
Anchovy and Bloater Pastes, Calves' Foot
Jellies, Almonds, Figs, Marmalade, Cheese,
Pickles, Sauces, Malt, Crystal and White
Wine Vinegar, etc., eto.
CORNEB COLUMBIA. AND MARY STREETS.
BON MARCH___.
Removal Sale!
COMMENCING SATURDAY, iath JAN.
Great Reduction ln Prices Previous
to Removing Into New Store*
Our fine assortment of  Clotlllag" SO _E_Cat© wc
now offer at ALMOST COSTPRICES.
WALKER & SHADWELL,
NEW WESTMIN8TER. B. C.

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