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The Weekly News Jan 24, 1894

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Array (
G. A. McBain Oo'
Real ESkte Brokers
Nanaimo,  B. C.
G. A. McBain * Co.
<?-
Nanaimo, B. C.
NO. 63.
COURTENAY, COMOX DISTRICT, B. C. WEDNESDAY, JAN. 24, 1894.
$2.00 PER YEAR
TJIsriOlT. 13- C
has a fine assortment of
Oils, Boots,
Paints,
Crockery,
Hardware,
Glassware,
Gentlemen's
 And so on 	
We also take orders for custom made suits.
Give us a call and we will try and please you.
Shoes,
Tobacco,
Clothing,
Groceries,
Furnishings
COMOX, BO
Importers I i
Flour ft Fe��d
Farm Produce
Fancy Groceries
Crockery & Qlassware
Dry Oooda
Boon & Shoes
Hnrdwaro
Paint 6 Oils
Gents Furnishings
Patent Medicines
Stationery
Wallpaper
Sportsmens Supplies a Speciality
 , ��*.	
RKAT. ESTATE
MARCUS WOLFE,
Financial and General Commission Broker,
ROOM   II, JOHNSTON  BLOCK, NANAIMO, B. C.
AGENCIES BEPBE8LNTED,
Canada Permanent Loan and Saving* Compano, Toronto.
Citizens' Bqtlding Society of Nanaimo,
Scottish Union and National Insurance Company.
Hartford Fire Insurance Company.
Union Firo Insurance Company of London, England.
Eastern Fire Assurance Company, of Halifyx.
Great Western Li e Assurance Co., of Winnipeg, Man.
Money to Loan on Improved Farm Property.
The Iptable Life Assurance Society,
120 Broadway, New York.
The largest and strongest Company in ihe
World.
Assets
Surplus over all Liabilities
INSURES THE LIVES
OF
(t 153,060,052 00
���P    31,189,!*16.00
MINERS.
In event nf cfeath undeJ any circumstances, the heirs receive full face va'tte of pnhcy.
At the end of lo, 15 or 20 years, the money paid is returned with larjte interest.
A. VV. Talor. Victoria, B. C. Special Executive.
Charles St. Morris, Victoria, B G. Provincial Manager
HEAD OFFICE, MONTREAL.
Ois of fc Largest and Strongest Companies
in Canada
Gives the Most Liberal Contract and Pays the  Largest Dividens
Assets $3,403,700.00
Reserve tor the Security of Policy Holders    $2,988,320.28'
Surplus over all Liabilities $307,428.77'
J ��. Crane, Gen'l Agent, Victoria, B. 0.    L. W. Fauquior.Sp-.cial Agent
We Carry the Largest Stock
���   of   ���
rawis
in British. Columbia.
_. . Simon Leiser, Proprietor, .
 ^j ^  ;-!v k ;
Miss M. Roy has charge of our dress De.
partment. AH wcrk done in this Department guaranteed to give satisfaction.
E. Pirn bury & Co.
Wholesale and Retail
Druggists  and Stationers
Commercial St. Nanaimo, 11. C
Store for Rent.
For rent from Aug. i my store in the
VILLAGE OF COURTENAY.
This is a first class dunce, as a good
paying business lias already been built
tip!   Apply to
Wm. Lewis, Courtenay, B. C.
Rams for Sate.
For Sale two fne young Rams ( South
Downs).
Apply to
Geo. Howe,
Comox, II. C.
Dr W J Curry
(UENTIST.)
Green's Block���near Post Office���Nanaimo. Any number of teeth removed
without pain and without the use of
Ether or Chloroform.
Farm Products for Sale.
IDuiivpir.i  at Thus Cairn'-) farm,)
Carrots per Ib. I cent
Turnips  ''   " "   "
Cabbage "   " i% cents
Onions    "   " 2   "
Eggs limed per dnz 30 "
Fresh eggs at market price
Butter per lb 30   ���'.
Society    Cards
LO. O. F., No .11
Union Lodge, !. O. O. F., meets every
Friday night at 8 o'clock. Visiting brethren cordiaby invited to attend.
Alex. XV. Fraser, R. S
Hiram Loogc No 14 A.F ,& A.M..B.C.R.
Courienay II. C,
Lodge meets on eveiy Saturday on or
before the full ofthe moon
Visiting Brothers   cordially requested
to attend.
W.J. Young
Secretary.
K. of P.
Comox Lodge No 5,.K. of P., meets
every Saturday, after the new and full
mm*it, at 3 p. in. at Casiic Hal, Crtmox.
Visiting Knights cordially invited lo attend.
Jehu Bind
K. R.S.
C. O. Oi F.
Loyal Sunbeam Lodge No. 100, C. 0
O. F, meet in the old North ComoX'
school house every second Monday at 8
p. m Visiting brethren cordially invited
10 allend.
J. B. Bennett, Sec.
H A Simpson
Barrister and Solicitor.   Office in 2nd
flat, Green's Block, Nanaimo, H. C
Will be in Union every Wednesday and
Courtenay on Thursday.
R. B. Anderson,
Practical Watchmak
Worker in Light Metals and
Gunsmithing
Present office Elk Hotel
Co���ox, B. 0.
Cumberland Eotel,
Union, B. C.
The finest hotel building
Fixtures aud Bar
North of Victoria,
And the best kept house,
Spacious Billiard Room
and hew    '.*** ,  ....
Billard and Pool Tables,
Best of Wines and Liquors.
Notice |o Taxpayers.
A sessment Act and Provincial
Revenue Tax
^oVlCEts. hereby oiven, in accordance with the -Statutes, that Provincial
Revenue Tax and all Taxes under the
Assessment Act ,ire now due fnr the
year 1894. AH (if the above named Taxes collectible within thc Comox, Nelson,
New Castle.and Denman and Hornby
Island Divisions of the District of Comox are payable at my office.
A-isesed Taxes are collectible at the
following rales, viz.:-���
It paid on or before June 30th, 1894.���
Provincial Rc-enuc, $J.oo ber capita.
One-halt of one per cent on Real Property.
Two ber cenjj on Wild Land.
One third of one'-cr cent on Personal
Property.
One-half of t*n��,per cent on Income.
If paid after'Ju.-c 30th, 1894���
Two thirds -of one per cent ori Real
Property.
Two and otjb-haif per cent on Wild
Land.
One-half of one per cent on Personal
Property.
Three-fourths of onc perscnt on Income
W. B. Anderson,
Assessor and Collector.
Comox, Jan. 2nd, 1894.
THE HISTORIAN.
Tie "Man In thB Irou Mask" did nol
wt-tir h musk of Iron. It- wiw of black velvet,
m tutrutl by H'.t-vl s'trin-i-t.
Tin* ever burning lamp* found In ancient
h'tiilm Were aa run) a--thu i-*oii��t-thai gun*,7*
ed Klug80loiilui.VBt1.lf.
Tho "round tower" at Newport la nut &
uisl le, nor was It bullt by Danish uxplnrerf*.
It wns a mill, wi-uUhI ia thu early day.iuf
the colony.
Wuln-jt wero not extirpated fn England
In the time of Rtlgar. Three but id ml yenrs
latw rew.-rda w��re paid byth�� king tor
wolf tnjalp.i.
Sir [sane Newton wa* not a ntnokor, al-
I hough-liu |nid a reputation of thu "amok-
iiik' phHoHoJiher." He did not use tobacco
lu any form.
I)ioi,*cii!'!i never lived In a tub. The tttnry
Mint he did ho 1ms no belter origin thau a
comment by a blograpui-rth'at>'''fl man "mi
urnblwd oiiL-iit. tu Uiivu lived In a tub like a
dog."
The "Prisoner uf Chlllon" did not nutter
In Ui-.-cj.ii. cof lllie.t'y. He waft a trnjtt-le-
������ome rogue Kent* to prlpon for nflwjbk'f
making aud Bjtt'iit IiIb term tin-re. in making Imieeent ver-wa.
ClmrlcB V did not r-hearso hi** own fu-
niiyal In his own lib-time, Ou the contrary,
hudmlikul the thotudit of death so much
th.'tt nil [it't'.-utn.-* weru (\-rbiddeU to iuto tUo
word in his pruwmot*.
ThoCnrthitKlhlaiiij wore not more savage
thun tin* IlomaiiM, nud from uli wu can
learn of tin-tii were nt thu time of lIn ir
(uirtltrow even further advanced In tho
iirtfi'uiid Heli-ticus, Punic I'uitli wan (]uitv>
iw r-'Ii-.i'l*- iw Komatl faith.
Thu blood of Ulr.r.lu, Mary Stunrt's fa-
rorite, cnniiot Ui Heen on iim Door where
he vfnn imirdureU by Burnley uml tin: other
eousplialiirt. Whnt h* Hi-en then* U it daub
of red paint, annually renewed Tor t tiu
benefit of gaping tourihUi. ��� lit, Lou,a
tiiobu-Deuiuciut.
THE MODISTE.
Double nod triple sklrtn are In hl��h
vogue, nnd ttinlea. drnpuU nit Irt*- mid -Minfern
uninUre to follow.
Syrian velvet In two tones like shot ��flk
is ninde tip with In-ugutiue, moire or heavily
rep'Mil vicluri'i ftlTk. v
Ktillk'H of Hume sort, plaited or full or
wcmiMly gathtirid, mi b'wt Mists thu wunrt-r,
rtill lippenr on many of tho uow bodice*-.
Present ftshlons (a-.Tiriieiid verxJutl but
nol very miIV t-i-irt*-, vmytuu Hie length no
cowlItly to luooLauiioi- for VfUlbh thu tii-t-.is
i.-* ivqulrial.
Drukhy black witin capeH fonthe autumn
mu HliOWii (iniaiueiitcd with neck tuid
rhuuldcr trinimln��-�� of black or ecru uul
������sire hicu nnd colttliitl vulvut rlbbou lows.
Heavy coiiU'd hengrdlno HfIlo**. powdered
with snuiLi flower aud folhigu pattenwVaitj
uftd upt'ti new full gowns na vvulBteoatu
and i.u'i'vepiaTs aud liuiugs to velvet or
ait tin cii*n.w.
Many gownn of rich Bilks, brocade**, satin
Rti-fpcB mid fough utility rowIb ure left Un*
triuiiuisl on tin.- lower portion uf thu skirt
���n reaction from the ovt-rdeeoration cf
skirt** of two Bfjasu'iiB past.
The large hIuuvch will, remain Invogfie
for ihu fall and wititur itiouths utlt'it-it nmi
lu nil prolnihllity for very iitunlilonger, but
tuu t*unp'.--i aru grmlually growing fuller
nroutnl the elliowuud couMldurably reduced
Ui uilseut the to**. ���**       *   ', ������
-. -AtJionRthb trimmings for autumn bat.��
aru full half long out rich plume-), the* dost
curled Prince of Walcf*'feather tips, wlugH:
of various forms and sldWl, HeUBWftlloWl*
and n trlo'of o-iuary birds or bU Iiuiuni 1 uy
bfriis net"trjioiivHw Irout^of the crown,���
New York Post.
A NGudlti-vuiiiKti,
Bho works up<m liio tidy white
In rnaniu!!* liirimcely Ileal.
The Hsuro" wliieli tliednniul*. llfbt
An* (jlctunitxiuely bwwu
A Grand  Affair.
The ball gp en by the Knights of Pyth
ias at the K. of P. Hall. Comox, on the
evening of the 171I1 inst. 'km the "inst
successful affair of its kind which has
been given at the Hay under the auspices
of the Knights. The number in attendance was )-ratifying.)- larje. The music
was of the usual high order. Tbe arrangements were very complete and everything passed off smoothly and pleasantly. A number of lad.es and gentlemen were in full dress and all parts of
the district were represented; but Union
deserves especial credit for thc number
in attendance from that thriving villaye,-
especially as they were under no little
difficulty in getting there. The sleigh-
was good as far is Courtenay, but once
there it was necessary to go'by wheels,
and to rigs were exchanged, at this point
both in going and .pining.
There were a number of distinguished
guests present which added not a little
eclat tc thc occasion. Among the noia
b'c*- present were Grand Chancellor An-
stie, Past Grand Chancellor Crossen, and
Grand Keeper of the Seals, Leighton.
About 12:30, sixty couples sat down to
a splendid supper at the Elk's, The long
dining room has seldom witnessed a
pleas an ter scene. Mr. and Mrs. Sharp
left nothing to be desired either in the
menu or service.
Thc dancing was kept up until about
four o'clock
Good Templar Society.
On Friday evening (the 19th inst),
Hatemar. Lodge I. O. G. T. entertained a
number of their friends at the lodge room
No programme was provided but the
tunc passed quickly and pleasantly away
in rhat and games of all kinds. Refreshments were served during the evening.
It was a thorough success in ever/ way
and one individu.il who has had a great
deal of experience in socials pronounced
it the best sen ia] he ever attended.
It is to be hopec that more will follow
and that the invitations will be more extent.ed next time.
AN UNANSWERED QUESTION.
Why   UnCni.'   Kyra   Mi In*  In tlie Dark
Whilo Mftii'd Ky*n Od Not?
Why do oats* ey-s shine In tho dark
while men's eyes do uot? The author of
"Idle Dnys In Patagonia" raues this
qnpsdoii without answering it. lie shot
uud wounded an cugto owl, mid tho night
of tho bird, he saya, wnn one of tho
greattPt Btirprlset* with which nature
evrr favored him. The owl's haunt tvaa
an inland overgrown with grass und tit-Il
willows. Tliithcr Mr, Hudson weut toward n-vonin-f and found dim npon bis
perch wuiiing for *miiBi.-t. Uo pyed the
intruder bo ^aliiily aa almost t-j disarm
him, but hunter* ->f npecitiiciiti havu a
wr.y of hardening their hearts. Mr.
Eudflon f i**'d. The owl swerved ou bis
perch, remained tmspendrd fora few momenta and then slowly fluttered down.
He mj-bj
I found my victim stnn.T to fury by
his wonmli* and ready for tlio Inst supreme effort. Evoa in repaso ho U n big,
cugk-liku bird; uow in tho uncertain
light be looked (jignntic in size���a monster uf Rtninge form ami terrible ttapeot,
Uac'u jim* thm lur feather stood t;n end,
the tawny barred tail Spread out li��:eu
fan. tiie immenBO tigrr colored win-^s
wide open and rlffid, so that na the bird,
that l.atl clutched tlie grass with his
���jreat feathered claws, swayed slowly
from Bid** to sido���jnut as a snake about
to KtHkt. t-wayti his lunid.or ua 1111 angry,
watchiul cat movoa u.i tail���first tbe tip
nf one. then of tho other win;,' touched
Use ground.
The black horns stood erect, whilo in
the ci-iiier of the wheel shaped head the
be-ilt Hiiappod tne-'cHauUy, producing a
sound like tbo blickiutf or it sewing machine, Thia was n suitable sot 1 ing for
ihe pair of magidficent, fnrious oven, on
rtiUoblguEeil wiin akliidof fuocinution,
not nniuixed with foar, when I remuin-
borpd the agnny Rnftcroi. on former tie-
.���iihionii from sh-.rji, crooked taloua driv-
im into mu to tho Ixmo.
Tho trilled were uf a bright ornnge
color, but (*vt*ry time I attempted to a1--
pioaeh thu bird tbey kin.lleii into great
,;loOoa cf quivering yoljuw fluiUU,   tne
illicit pu'ilii Ujlugsnr rounded by a aciu-
cllliitiiig crituwiu li;.'!it which threw out
intnlUoyelluwapiirktt into tho nir. Whon
1 rotirej from tlm bird, this prcternatu
ral fiery a.mect would instantly vub.tjh,
Tne ((neatloa na to tbe cuubu of this
liery iii'pear.iuco is ouo hard to inswor,
\\u know that the source of tho luini
uoslty i'l owls" and cats' eyes in the llghl
tvlluciing uioiiibriuie between tho retina
mill the uoterotio co;it of thu eyeball, but
the mystury remains, When with the
bird, I pariiculiirly notiood that every
lime I retired the nictilutiu^ membrane
would liMiiieilintcly cover tho flytwm.'J
obt-i'-uru tln-m f>��r Home lime, as tin y will
ivlicn utl owl is coulioiitcil with strong
sunlight, und this gavo me tin-impression
that the fiery, IlihOiug appcari'iicc was
iieconipaitu.*'! with or followed bya burning or Kuuirtitig r-K.'tirfiiliim,
1 have lived a great deal anion*; semi-
savuKO.lnuil, I havo often seen them
frenzied with tutuiturnout, their faces
white ua m*he��, their hair erect and their
e* - dropping great team of rago, but I
ilnvo never seen in them anything ap-
proaobing to that fiery appearance of tbo
owl.���Youth's Companion.
THE DEACON.
A Presbyterhm church In Japan, with a
native pirn, tor,'Im-* sir) mem hers, Is i*elf pup*
porting autl inis never hntl t'uliwloititry aid.
There an- two pltieeti in London where
ciufitypieii CHti buy HtrlltOtlH I'lin't'il. Thev
cuver all nu.-j-.t--t-'mill CUir lie luiil for every
season.
The arehdlocen of nitltimont has had hut
nine lb,mmi Catholic archbishops, mid
three of them wen-converts from tiie Protestant Rpli-COi-Hl church.
Onu of the must influ*trious,m1nl,--t<-n> In
Georgia U W. M. Jones, cOlorcd^of Pmtts*
htir��. He works a crop during the week
ami walk* p* miles every Sunday hi filling
blB-appMtHSrtfenta
Kev. I��. V. Hntdlfcy, pastor of the Park
Q'nigregntioiml church of Gram] lbipitlf*,
waa htir'u hi* ll'mi-jckok. Slam, In IW7, of
nwxsinmiry pareutR. lie ren>iiine<l In Klam
until 187?. nct-nliing, among oilier thing*-,
a knowledge uf the Siamese luuguagw.
Specials to the News. ,
The Nanaimo Poultry Show is to be in
corporated with a capital of $25,000.
The Nanaimo foot ball club defeated
Victoria last Saturday at Victoria.
There are three feet of mow on thc AI
bcrr.i road.
Mr. Tom Kitchen ol Nanaimo will sue
the Free i'res-, lor $25,000 for alleged libel.
Thc trial ofthe Hooper murder case, Jo
liette, resulted in the acquittal nf the pi is
oner.
It is the general opinion that Corbett
will win the 1 ght with Mitchell. The
belling is largely in his favor.
'Frisco despatches say that it will cost
$50,000 to repair the wrecked Australian
steamer.
It is understood at Victoria that R. P.
Rithet has deposited thc amount of money required in connection with the Brii-
ish Railway.
It is rumored that John Bryden, manager "f thc Wellington Colliery, will be a
candidate at the next --eneral Provincial
election to represent the Nanaimo district, and that Wm Babcodc of Easi Wellington, wil run as an Indtpendent,
The Grand Trunk Railway Co. has
purchased the Great Northern line and
will thus secure connection with thc Facie coast It is rumored that thc Grand
Trunk designs to secure ihe charter of
the liritish Pacific and purchase thc Esquimalt and Nanaimo railroad, making
Victoria the terminus of the proposed
line.
Union Flashes.
Jan. 20.��� Splendid sleighing.
Magnificent weather.
Thc Mineola is due.
Also the Kichard Third.
And the Thistle.
Last Wednesday the Thistle left with
a toad of coal for the Northern Pacific.
Also the Tepic with 350 tons for the
C. P. R.
And the San Mateo with 4367 tons for
the Sou.hern Pacific.
"Local immigration" continues. On
the 16th instant Mrs. John Miller presented her husband with a little duplicate of
hinv-elf
Messers Anley & Smith have imported
from Nanaimo an artistic butcher of the
HlOHEST standard.
There is some complaint about the delay in repairing the telephone line between Union and Courtenay. The htjjh
wind lhe fore part of iait week broke
do-vn many trees ancl converted ihe wire
into a tangled mass not easy 10 place in
position and it was three days at least be
fore a message could be sent over it. We
understand th.il John Kamberg who is
stationed'at Union wharf is very active,
attentive aud faithful hand and ii on the
move at the intimation that ain thing is
wrong. He slept lasl week three nights
in the wood**, camping at the point where
his work ended at die close of the day
and in ihe early morning resumiry his
work, proceeding thus a.ung the hue until
it was finished. Evidently the' fauli, if
any, doscn't lay with him. Nevertheless
it would seem as though some one should
be located at Union whose duty il should
be to look mter the telephone end of the
line. This is the feeder of the system
and the work cf attending to and forward
ing dispatches is done at both Courtenay
and Comox without reward m the public
interest. Thc line at least ought to be
kept open.
This week has heen a pretty lively one
for lodge men. Wednesday night the
recently elected officers.of Union Lodge
No.11 1. 0. 0. K* were duly installed by
Grand Master Closson with much ceremony. In the evening the officers and
members had a banquet at the Cumberland Motel. The caterers were nl course
thc manager of that popular hostclrj, Mr.
A. Lindsay antl Mrs. Lir.ds-iy, and it goes
without saj ing, that everything was up
to high water mark of excellence, The
toasts were of the usual character and
were responded to wiih much enthusiasm
and felicity.
Thursday evening thc local Knights of
Pythias cnteriained Grand Cluncellur
Anstie at a banquet at the Cumberland
Hotel. There were about 40 gentlemen
in attendance aud the affair is spoken of
by all as of unusual biUiauce. The menu was a subject of praise, and the toasts
called forth flashes nf wit and elnqucnc-j
worthy ihc distinguished occasion. Alter
lhe more formal speeches, ihere were
Bomja and stories, capitally rendered, and
told which filled the fleeting hour-t witli a
full measure of delight Such Beetles ts
this strong than the tic that binds. Thc
party brukc up just as the g d of day
was pnlmlng the eastern sky wilh his
roseate tints.
After tha Bill.
Thursday morning Past Grand Chancellor Crossun accompanied by Uroiher
l.owery ofthe Nanainm l-'iee Press came
over from Comox. Descending ihe hill
as you approach ihc Indian Ranchcric,
the sleigh struck a kind of gully excavated by the water at a point where lhe low
grounu at the sideof the road is at this
time of the year deeply covered with
moisture of the cloud1'. Lowery, for some
reason, not explained undertook 10 jump
out, but his foot coming in contact with
the dash botrd threw hint forward and
he landed 011 all lours in thc water at thc
side ofthe road. It wai a complete immersion, indicating, it is supposed his
preference for close communion. He
managed with a-liti'e friendly help lo get
back Iftio the sleigh and what with whip
and yell they were soon at lhe Cnurienay
House where mine host Hob. Graham
kindly loaned his wet-as-a-diick-gaest a
suit ofcloihcHj which though a yard 100
big were nevertheless warm and dry and
comfortable.
Notice-
- All persons interested in the organisation of a n**w lodge ofthe Independent
order of Odd Fellows are requested to
at ihc K. of P. Hall, Comnx, at 7:30 on
thc evening of Wednesday, January, thc
31st
Local Brevities
For Sai.f. A new milch's cow. Enquire of A. Urquhart.
The inevitable scissors grinder and razor sharpener !*.as again visited this part
ot the country.
A.W.Taylor, special agent of the New
Vork Life Co. and his wife are guests at
the Courttna) House.
The Riverside hotel has lately been re
furbished throughout, showing signs uf
continued prosper!tv,
Monday evening there was a surprise
parly at Win Harmston's. It was a very
pleasant affair.
S, F. Crawford is the name of the author ofthe lines entitled Death of Isabel
Johnston published in our last issue.
Our esteemed fellow townsman.J. A.
Coates, left on the last steamer, having
sold out all his interest in this district.
Miss Sarah Lewis reached her destina
tion at Victoria on Monday last in safely
and in time for the opening ofthe school
where she is attending
E. Barrett and Win. Lewis, representing the real estate and financial firm of
G. A. McBain & Co, of Nanaimo, were
up on the last steamer.
Attention is called to the ad. of the
N?wYork Life Co. The figures there
presented tell their own story of marvelous strength and enterprise-
Oscar Kingsbury has just completed a
boat for a customer and has contracts for
two or three more.
Twenty-three trees fell across the road
between Courtenay and Union,, Tuesday
night of last week. Thus the good work
cf clearing ihe forest goes on.
Dr. Lang has taken Wm. Lewis' elegant house on Lewis Avenue, Courtenay,
which we are informed he will occupy
until his family arrives as an office.
An enquirkr is informed that Dr. Lang
is a Licentiate of the Royal College of Phy
sicians, Edingburg, and also a Licentiate
ofthe Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons, Glasgow.
Remember, Wednesday evening evening, the 31st inst. at K. of P. Hall. Go
and htlp organize a new lodge of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. Every
body invited.
A. 0, Hellan is agent for the Koval
Photograph Gallery, a bonk of looosplen
did photographs, and fine descriptive
matter. It is remarkably cheap and we
commend both the agent and his work.
Clerk(wishing to make a sale)���',Do
you use Peace's soap?
Fannerf indignant)��� "Do yon mean to
insinuate that my face is dirtier than
you is?"
La-.t Wednesday was a (differ on the
outside. But for the family man, who
was able to sit by a spaikling tire, and
pass the day in the company of his smiling wife and merry chi'tlrrn, and supplied Willi plenty of reading, it was the
happiest day of all the glad new year.
These may be hard times;nevertheless
now ami then wc l!nd some nf our friend.*;
able to afford very substantial luxuries.
It will therefore occasion no surprise when
it is announced that a certain young gen*
tleman of ibis piace prticlaii'is his intention of purchasing a tonga fficent riddle
now owned in Vancouver for the princely
sum of $50,000.
As a result of Mr. Acton Burrows' visit
to this Province, The Western Publishing and Advertising Co. of which he is
managing director, and whose headquarters arc at Winnipeg, have decided to cs
tabbsh a liritish Columbia branch and
have appointed Mr. Alexander Begg, formerly general emigration agent of thc
Canadian Pacific Railway Co. in England, as resident agent in this Province,
The Company now publish the Western
World, the North-Farmer and the British Columbia Guide,
Union Presbyterian Service.
Sunday, Jan. 28.���Service at Heading
Room Hall at 11:45 a..in. Evening service at 7 p. m. bun-lav school and bible
class at 2 p. m.
Belle of the Evening
There were a targe number of beautiful ladies at the grand ball at Comox on
thc evening of the 171I1 instant, and each
gentleman who took his best girl thcte
tllinks she is entitled to the distinction of
being named the bePe of iho evening,
We have been asked to recognize these
claims in any .account which we might
give ofthe bull, but under the ciraiui-
sianccs we arc unable to decide and until it is determined by a plrbic'tc we shall
be unable to name the fair lady whose
pre-eminence for beauty, culture and
grace really constituted ber the belle on
that occasion.
Raffle.
A Rafplr War; Br Held at the
Riverside Hotel, Com tenay, on Jan. Wed
nesdity, 34th, of h NISw Domestic Singer Sewing machine, nkvi-.h used.
Tickets, one dollar each, sold at the
following places; Union Hold and Cumberland House, Union; Riverside Hotel
nnd Courienay House, Courtenay; Lome
Hotel .md Elk Hotel, Comnx.
'I bis is a rare chance for married men;
also lor single men, it would be a beautiful valentine for their best g:rl. Machine
can be seen at anv tunc at J. Grant's,
Riverside Hotel, Cuuriet.av, H. C.
The Famous McLary Stoves.
We 'have*'Jusl received direct from thc
factory of the-above firm a large consignment Of thcip celebrated sti-ves, suitable
for either coal or wood or both. We got
these stoves al a bargain aad Intend to
give our customers the benefit. Come-
in and see ihem and wc Will quote you
prices that wilL^sioiji-ih you. Remember these stoves yuist b.e Sokl within tbe
next three weekl'flt no matter what sacrifice-
Grant & McGregor. AGRICULTURAL
Beta*/ aad Jo?-
BEING TIIE LAMKNT Of KAIMEU TOMI'KINS.
I'm sort or op ot in my ininil,-iir; I'm  kind of
wrought o\. in my Bon).
I'm liiis-il ii|> wuii trouble, lam, sir; iny heart
is tlio]iii*nireot dole,
l'vo got ,i weaa boy for a sun. sir.    He's  weak
tv- ft fo lor cm bo. _
But tii-n ['vo ti ilaiuir.-r who'** stronger, I
thin)-, nor Iter mullicr nor inn.
Aud tliat ���-. Iho tlnnn ill,il  UDiOtsiUD   it  nll-t
me with direst of woo:
My Jot he had nus-titer been Bel-*-)*, and Betsy
she'd oughtor been Joo.
Why, Joe. ho nln't good for hla unit,  nir.   Ho
ftiler-i gives unto hli dreams,
He thinks lie'-;  �� horn   Mr. .Slinkcsiiearo, and
���polls good whito paper by rooms.
But Betsy's ai sane as tho koopor who looks
arter folks what is mud:
Shon got solid st-ii--*. boi my Betsy, tho solid-
est ovor was had.
I haven't, thu allghteftt Idoo, sir, just how the
thing camo i<* bo so,
But Joe ho inul nughter boon Betsy, und Bot?y
she'd out-liter boon Joe
Thai gal sbo will go to thu modder, an' loan up
the hay liken man:
Bho'll work in tho sun an" tho shudder us hard.
sir, ni over she oan;
But JoetWIlgo nut thero nn-1 dawdle.   Al
dit ai!l'ii' In- > iotil'y A ono!
Hul. Ihu:   ali'tllio  llilngfi.ru  daughter, nor
Uii.tiiin'l i In* tiling for a son.
An' that's why 1 s.-i httro u-lullin",  anil that's
why my oyos ovorflow 1
My Jon hit had OUglltOr boon Betsy, and Betsy
she'd oiigltlet- biun Joe.
1 don't in Ind a-havln' my borne, sir, tho home
of iipotMii all.
1 inu-t ri-iv I liko form listen to versec of RprinR
and of fall.
But what I don't like to see, sir, an' what sots
my boln'nwblrl,
Is the potery writ by a boy, sir, an' nil tho hay
tns-i-'ii liyaglrl.
It seems to m ��� s.n*i of outragtious, a sortof a
torrlblo blow.
That Joo ho should onghtnr been   llotsy, and
Betsy should oiiglilurhcon Joe;
Booaiiso I havo always told Mandy���iny wife.
sir: a splondid onu, too���
That  work mat wuslltiin' for women ain't
lit I in' for mon kind to do.
l'vesortof a-twhtcd the lady on weaknosso'
woman and that,
And havin' tht- tiling mined around, sir, *s the
thing that's u-kiimkiii tne Hut.
An' if there's u way In eroatlon for clmngin'
'em I'tl liko to know,
So'a Joo could bo undo Into Botsy, nnd Betsy
bo mado into Joe.
-{lUrper's Baiur.
Poultry in Hard Times-
While everything else raised on the farm
seems tu lio sailing lor price*-far below the
normal, eggs ami poultry hold up their
values prcty aaliutaoiorlly. And this '
been the cane for a number ot seasons. Of
course there are times certain markets are
glutted with poultry and prices are weak,
but even then, cxet.pliom-.My good poultry
commands profitable prices, l-robahly
there is no farm product that has such a
uniformity of profit as eggs aud butter.
I'.-jgs mo always in demand especially in
the winter, and if poultry raisers would
ouly study the art of liming and preserving
eggs in lhe* summer months, they would
greatly udd to their profits. There are a
great many hens that lay plenty of eggs in
the summer, hut tbey run out by late fall,
aud must ho supported ail through the
the winter for vory little roturn. Thoy
ahouhl bo induced to lay all that they can
in warm weather, and then when they
cease they should ha hilled aud sent to the
UU markot
Lim-til and held eggs are selling to-day in
Boston anil New Vork for 10 cts. and21cts.
Iter d.i/on wlioleeah', and they are in good
. demand. There are thousands of bakers ami
confectioners who thul these held eggs as
good for their work as strictly fresh, Canada has to come down and help supply the
demand fnr tl-.-se lime I eggs. Now, with
lime I summer eg*-* Belling at 18 and 10
ctnts per dozen, ami winter fresh-gathered
""" at '21 and 23 cents, and sometimes as
Ugh as 30 cents, one can make a good
llitiuilie iro.it this source.
It payj to raise chicken meat at 7 and 8
cunts per pound, and generally it sella for a
great deal more. The farmer can depend
upon these minimum prices the year round,
even during financial ami business depression. There has not been a time this season
when chickens havo sold for less. That
really means more than mutton, lamb, pork
or beef, as a rule,!-ml with proper breeding,
it takes less to raise a pound of chicken
meat than any of the others. But, after
all, the chief thing is that the prices are
nearly always uniform, There are no seasons when prices ate one-half what they are
to-day, aud another year of very high
prices. The steadiness of the prices should
attract.
windows ami doors, of course allowing pro- cattle   with the   utmost economy,   giving
per ventilation which is one ol the essentials them the food that will best promote health
of a well kept storage room.    For this pur, and strength and weight with the least cost,
pose use saw dust, straw,  or any other and givo no   attention to the   matter   of
available packing material about the win* feeding ourselves,
dows.    It   t'u- collar is reached from tha -. .           .     .                  ,    .        k       .
inside as well as from without, the outside �����*��� wl9E!st' of ������������ ^ t0 Pllt ��P ?r
loor can be <.rea*ed ��ne same my.    If this w,a er f��dl��S "ft ��*>-���'*J  " are   in the
work iB propel,   done, the stores may be ����* ftc ect ������d. mm But f you do have
expected to I,*- safe ,b. ing any. reasonable �������*���**��" a utle  tb.n of flesh, or not
weather.     But it often happen, that at jj* W * P" in ��* ���K B'v. tham    he
some time during the   winter mam   an ���me8t   quarters the    best feed   and the
unusually cold spell of weather make, it ftlffil"*;. STSS^
necessary to use some additional means for to bri08 them ����� Bt' ft Profit-
Horse Breedin-? ou the Farm.
We have never heeu quite able to under-
stand why bo many farmers look upon the
business of raising horses a. foreign to the
general purpose of the farm. The growing
of any crop, end tho breeding of any other
stock they consider as wholly within their
provinoe, and tu be taken up as a branch
of the work at any timo and anywhere.
They grow sheep, and beeves, and hogs
every year, but raise a colt, if at all, ouly
semi-occasionally, and apparently more by
accident thau from any definite purpose.
Vet there is no animal that can be produced on the farm that will pay better for
hi. care and keep than a well-bred colt, to
be turned off when it is throe or four years
of age. In handling horses for profit,
common sense must govern, just as with
other stock. Good breeding lies at the
foundation of profit. Thon there must be
suah feed and care as will conduce to early
maturity. The class of horsea that tho
market wants must be your guide in
breeding. Good draft hot.es and good
roadsters can find huyors at anytime. If
you what to produce a horse that will ho
useful on the farm, aim tor good si/.o, in
combination with such muscular development as will enable the animal to haul the
largest loads ou the mails and pull the
farm implements with the least fatigue
You will observe that this does not mean,
exceedingly heavy weights, In feeding
horses, remember that quality has as much
to do with feeding them properly as has
quantity. Proper muscular development
oan only bo made with good food. Do not
attempt to break the colt, hut rather educate it, bitting the training begin as soon
as it is able to -land. Do not keop him on
your hands so long that he will eat up all
the profit, It is an expensive matter to
winter a well grown colt, and after he is
three years ohl you should he pretty sure
thet he will mako enough further gain to
pay, before putting hitn up for another
winter. In breedin-/ do not get the idea
that auy aid worn out mire will do fora
dam, if only you gut a noted aire. To
secure progeny ol real valuo there must be
goo 1 traits to inherit from both parents.
Horn-: breeders of experience say tha: more
colts .how the characteristic.-- of the dam
thau of the sire. The state of agriculture
in a given section can almost always be
judged by tho quality of the horse*), nnd
goo 1 horst-s are not apt to rule unless tha
farmers themselves take some intorest in
breeding them. Small cheap animals are
never profitable to work with, and by
breeding suoh you only perpetuate tho
dunces for loss. It is not necessary that
you mike a speciality ol horse breeding,
but upon evory farm one or two colts, at
least, should bo foaled every year, and as
uitich attention paid to malting ihom ready
for market as is given to the beeves. The
pasturage required for bringing tho horao
to marketable ago is no more than Is required for the In cf, the cr.et of care and
Housing is no more, and the diiferennc in
the grain feeding���when you consider thai
the beef mutt be fattened���is not great. To
f-row a colt is one of the ways by which tho
arm can be made to pay bettor.
Keeping Frost Oat of Oellars-
Ordinary farm cctlur-i in whicli are kept
canned fruits, cabbage, celery, potatoes,
turnips, apples, etc., can usually he made
warm enough to keep out frost. To do
this itis necessary sometime before holidays!
to carefully and elfoctiully close up nl
keeping'out the frost. If the chimney
extends down into the cellar put up an old
atove and during the worst weather keep
up a littio fire, remembering not to raise
the temperature too high for that will injure
the contents of tho ellar. Simply keep tho
air a little above f roe-sin? point. A very
little tire will atlect this. If a atove is not
practicable the same results cau he obtained,
probably with le s trouble, by using a kerosene i eater. Tm-se are large lamps with
broad wicks which can be obtained for a
dollar an I sometimes less. They aro used
on camping*excuraiona for cooking and are
sometimes called kerosene stoves. One of
these placed in a cellar and the wick adjusted to keop up the required temperature
will need attention only once or twice a
day and will be found most effective- in
keeping nut frost during very severe and
long continued cohl weather.
Wrons; Kiai of farmiug*
A correspondent gives his opinion of thu
difficulty with many farmers in his end of
the country as to why farmers havo a hard
time to gel along, und it is worth a careful
study,    His ideas are as follows I
" There ia being so much said in the
country about hard times and the scarcity
of money, aud as everybody hat a cause
ind knows a remedy, I thought I would
write to tell your readers what I think is
the cause. The trouble is we buy more
than we produce. There is too much flour
aud bacou shipped here every year. The
things we ought to make at home we are
buying.
" Wo let our timber rot and buy o'tr plow
stocks, singletrees, nxe handles, boo handles
anil fencing.
" We throw away our ashes and buysoap
and axle grease.
" Wo give away our hoof hides and buy
ham -strings and shoe strings,
" We let our manure go to waste and buy
guano,
" We buy garden seed iu tho spring and
cabbages in tho winter,
" We let our lands go up iu weeds and
buy our brooms.
-��� We let the wax out of our pine and
gum trees and buy chewing gum for our
children.
" We build school houses and hire
teachers an J send our children off to bo
educated.
"We land a Jive-cent fish with a $4
fishing rod.
" We send a fifteen*cent boy out with
a $20 gun and a ��4 dog to kill birds.
" We raise dogs and buy wool.
" And about the only thing in this
country that there is ar overproduction of
is politics and dogiics."
Live Stook Notei-
Never let any animal get in poor flesh. If
you do your profit upon i U gone. The
expense of restoring it to good condition is
greater than the profit in any sort of stock
will warrant.
Electricity is actively engaged, every
lav, in taking away employment from light
a'id medium horses. Yet somo men go on
breeding such, with a mistaken notion that
there is yet an active demand for them.
If one has plenty of yard room, where the
ca'.tle can keep clean and dry, we think it
is a -out! plan to turn them out for awhile
every pleasant day. Exercise, fresh air and
sunlight help wonderfully toward keeping
ihem well and hearty.
The best permanent pastures aro obtained ou land that is comparatively low���not
wet. Higher locations are better fitted
for temporary grass growths as it is difficult to secure a permanent sod thero, one
that will live and thrive season after sea*
son.
The manure from different kinds of stock,
fed in different, ways, will be widely difler-
cnt in quality. It is a good plan to have a
manure pit eo arranged that alt can be
throw in together and thoroughly mixed
before being put out to the field.
The sheep farmer who puts Ids dependence in tho best breed rather than in tho
tariff, and gues aiiesd to produce a valuable
mutton carcass and a good fleece of wool, ia
pretty sure to come out all right. Politics
and legislative aid are pretty poor things
for a farmer to build his hopes on.
Perhaps you do not think it best to keep
your stock iti-doors all the timo throughout
the winter? But at least bear in mind that
exposure to storms ami sudden changes of
temperature cannot fail to bu very detrimental. Pay attention to thi. and put
them under cover when the need appears.
Common stock can be vastly improved by
good feed and care. But the same and can
he accomplished more quickly, more surely,
and with a hotter fiual outcome by the
introduction of new anil better blood. The
best result comes from a combination of all
these thing-i.
A well bred animal of any sort is a machine for utilizing ra-r products to the best
possiblo advantage. It docs this with less
waste, ami consequently more profit than a
scrub cau. It is like using good machinery
instead of poor to harvest your crop.
is within the reach of* every farmer
who roads these lines tn keep a littio better
stock in the future than he has done in the
past. Look about and seo in what line
thero is the host chance for improvement,
in your own e-iso, and then aet to work to
bring about this improvement.
Every ono who has tried it knows that
aie a   little   inure
ON THE GREAT LAKES.
Heavy Loss of Life Laat Year-
���Resume or Ibe Distiller* ofa Season,
In navigating the great lakes in the
season just closed 123 lives wore lost and 53
boats with an aggregate tonnage of 24.C5S,
and valued at ��1,0(0,40 i pissed out of
existence. Partial losses by stranding, collisions and tire bring tht grand total of
losses on boats to f2,1 IB, 588.
The shallow water of Lako Erie claimed
nearly halt the loss of life, while by reason
of the Philadelphia-Albany disaster, Lake
Huron ia second. By lakes, the loss of life
was Lake hrie, fill; Lake Huron, XI; Lake
Superior, 10 j Lake Michigan, 12: bake
Ontario, 41 ; Detroit Kiver, .1; total, 123,
The loss of life this season is the largest
since 1887. wheu the total number was Jul,
The season has not been unprecedented
as has been Btate 1 by vesselmen, in the loss
of life and property. Nevertheless, the
great storm of October 14th, finds no equal
in all the records of the lake marine in its
deatructiveness. Not counting cargocB,
except on boats which were totally lost,
the property destroyed during that storm
amounted t-o $484,327, and .Vi lives woro
lost. Next in severity was the big east
gale of April It-j, when 8 livo. and property
valued at ��280,000 were lost.
The total insurance on hulls of total Iobscs
was $614,200, The aggregate insurances
losses on hulls for the season ure estimated
at $1,100,000. The losses from collisions
were ��377,487 ; from stranding., $848,.*i7S ;
from fire, $247-000; from foundering,
9500,043; dismasted aud disabled, ��130,000.
Practically all tho los-ies by collision
were due to fog. Many of them are covered
by collision liability, and the boats currying
that insurance will look to the underwriters
to make up thoir liability, which tho courts
may decide. Steel boats have suffered
moat severely, the percentage of loss ou
them being much higher than on woodi
boats of the same build and class.
After clamoring for years and struggling
with every lighthouse board the marine interest in two yeara succeeded in getting
lightships on the dangerous reefs along the
Lake Michigan entrance to tho Straits of
Mackinaw. The immediate e'ieot of having
these reefa protected is that the losses from
stranding at the straits have dropped from
��20<>,000 in 1800 to practically nothing the
past season. The claims of the marine interest that the Hghtsbip-i would savo their
first cost every year to lake commerce,
have been fully verified ami the entrance
of the straits, once to dangerous, has become as safe as the open lake.
Even the most conservative vessol owners are beginning so confess that the general adoption of collision liability insurance
on the lakes lias tended the past season to
a dangerous increase in thc Bpeod of vessels
so insured through foi. With owner, relieved of all liability cf hiss from collisions
there seems but one way to meet this serious violation of the rules of navigation, and
that is hy rigid inspection by steamboat inspectors into every case of collision and the
disciplining of captains who may be at
fault.
THE BIGHT OF WAY.
A Story Showing How  the 'English Assert Their Rights.
This is a truo story says Harpers Weekly,
and one that is intended to illustrate a
characteristic of the English people. It
shows, 1 think, to what length an Englishman will go to giiu his rights wheu an
American would aay, ���' Oh, what is the
use?" o;*, "Never mind." One ol the
reasons England is such a comfortable place
to live ia due to the fact that the English
people have this peculiar habit of fighting
tor their rights, hy letters to the Times, or
by taking the numbers of cabman or policemen and appearing against them in the
morning, or by sen Hug war-ships into
strungt! harbors whero the window-panes
of some English merchants have been
smashed. If thero wero elevated roads in
Louilou, the ulerk who lives in Kensington
would not hang and swing from a strap on
hia way to and from the city. He would
see that he was given a seat for which he
had paid. I he American ia too busy and
too good-natured to fight for his rights, bo
lie continues to stand frum Rector Street
to Harlem, und to walk over unclean streets
and sees the hoautiful groon park at tlio
llattery taken from him aud turned into n
irilroad terminus. He will burn, in time,
that tho reason tho Englishman ban better
roitls and better Btreets and better protci
IN THE SHERIFF'S HANDS,
The Uariboo Gold Mine to ba Sold to Satis
fy a Claim of $1,603-
A Tale With a Uornl.
A Halifax, N. S., special toys:���Tho
Truro Hold Mining Company's mine at
Cariboo, including all its machinery, Ib to
be Bold by tho sheriff to satisfy the claim ���><*
Mr, Gardiner (lish, one of its directors, for
sixteen hundred dolUrs. This is an object
lesson to people who invest in gold mines.
Lobs than two years ago tho company wis
floated with a great bnom. A brick of gold
said to be worth ��15,000, and alleged to
havo heen taken out of the mine in a few
weeks, was brought to town, and on the
strength of this the property was boomed
as one of the richest gold mines ever discovered In Canada. Its manager was George
W, .Stuart, a well-known mining speculator.
Three hundred thousand dollars of its stock
was offered to the public at fifty cents ou
the dollar and so confident were the directors of the wonderful HuhnoBS of the property that they undertook lo reserve from the
proceeds of the stock, viz., ��150,000, a sum
sullicient to pay six per cent, dividend on
the whole issue for three years. Tho pros*
p3ctus declared that tbe mine was yielding
at the rate of four thousand dollars of gold
to the ton nf quartx and that tho prospect
was steadily improving. Special efforts
were mado lo unlaid this stock in Toronto,
but the Torontonians quickly caught on to
the fact that tlie stock of a Nova Scotia
mine producing �� 1,000 to the ton of quart**
{where ton dollars a ton would be a good
paying investment) would not be olfered to
outsiders at fifty cents ou the dollar. They
refused to swallow the glittering bait and
had a lucky escape.
The Battle Ship of the Future-
The battle ship of the future will, like a
human contrivances, be of gradual growth,
resulting from the adaptation to her usel
of improvements aud discoveries in many
branches of science. Under tho crucial teat
of war it may be found that many mistakes
have beeii made. If I should venture to
point out one of  Mieso, it   would be   the
fall calves aio a   little   more   difficult to j multiplicity of device, which every branch
raise and to make thrifty, than such as are   of physical science has contributed to over
���'"*���* ���--��������� """    '' ' *'-- *        '  d our ships.   Not that  they  do  not
rably servo their purpose,   hut I fear
that we, a. sailors, are growing to rely upon
dropped in tho spring, Consequently moro crowd our ships. Not that they do
attention should be given them, aud au admirably servo their purpose, hut I
extra effort made tn feed thom woll,
Flax
sood inoal is one of the beat thinga that you
can givo to supplement tbu milk ration.
If you aru feeding any afoek with tho
idea of making a profitable gain of flesh see
lo it ih.it thoy am well protected from
storms aud cold.    Vou cannot   feed them
tl fin, and will he lost  when the rude shock
of battle broaks our electric wires and disarranges the delicate machinery upon   which
we now depend In a thousand ways.
In the main, hovvever, I venture to think
 ri   that thu battle ship of to-day has a sound
profitably otherwise. Nothing in tho whole I ���'*--"on iar ������������ her principal features, and
system of stock management has been more jttta ������VPI- wi" PerH',,t- 1-ho ���lability will
thoroughly proven thnn this. continue to be car"fuliy protected hy verti-
Pcrhnpr* there are somo among our read    l1'1, "h""   m"S "'  ^ aooidoDti' W
. - **. . I in battle and in tnr.es of  peace, to which
era to whom it has never occurred to oon*'i        .   , ��� ,. ,, ���-���- ,      ���������..,
I dor bee, a. . legitimate p.�� of the farm ' g**6?,' Mf "re lla,b?' Z ,   i V'I,M
�����=��.   B,iUhere*are.farmer, who regard Mh.adoption ot liquid fuel,   the ,���
them in this way, and find that the bees
pay well enough t., warrant this regard.
Why don't you try aome 1
Carrots and cabbage aro two items lhat
ahould have a larger placo in our list of
feeding stuffs. The first ore excellent for
colta, horacs, miloli cows and all young
atook. The second are valuable for pretty
nearly all kinds of stock, and we havu yet
to find any that will note.it them greedily,
Soiling "!s the best possible means for increasing the capacity of the farm for carrying slock. If you want lo accomplish this
end, and so increase the productive powor
of your acres, make arrangements now to
try it nn a limited scale next season. Itis
not a very expensive experiment.
Good breeding and early maturity nre
recognized as the highways toward pro6t
with stook. Tio good breeding helps
somewhat towards the olher, hut early
maturity is mainly a matter of tho proper
feeding of tho young stock. I'arly maturing is simply Impossible it the animal, aro
stinted while they nre forming hone and
muscle
Another way in which economy might he
well practiced, is iu choosing the food with
moro care. 11 is curious that we make it a
matter of study as to how wo ahall feed our
iy the adoption of liquid fuel, The main
battery will bo mounted in turrets furnish
ing complete protection lo the guns, and,
as far as possible, to the machinery for
their manipulation, and for the supply nf
ammunition. The secondary battery will
ho protected in proportion to its importance,
while every gun position, with its crew,
Will be protected against machine and rapid
guu fire. The timo will never come when
we shall cease to iiouatid hiyher requirements in the battle whip. Fortunately, all
requirements are interchangeable.
Armor may be substituted for guns, guns
for fuel, so that the saving in one direction
may at once he utilized in another. The
advent of hard-surfaced armor will demand
that tho calib-e of the main battery be maintained ;for until projectiles of greaterstrcngth
can he producod, the only way to overcome
Harvey armor is to crush it with an overwhelming blow. In addition to thi's.it will
undoubtedly bu found that all armor under
the constantly-varying angles of impact in
bat tie will furnish greaterprotootlon than is
considered poBsiblo whon judged by the ro-
ault of normal impact on the proving ground,
Eor this reason again, the larger calibro of
the guu must be maintained, and this,in Its
turn, dctetmincs thc great size of tho battle
ship of the future, mibjooi to tho restrictions
which havo been indicated.���[W. T. Samp-1
i aon, Captain, United States Navy. |
ttsn for hia life ami property ia because he
"makes a kick about it. and protests and
growls aud is generally disagreeable until
ho gets what lie wants, liood-naturo ia
not always a virtue, ami sometime, the
easy-going person is a very selfish ono too.
Equally strung with Ids desire to hnvo his
rights ia the Englishman's deference
for the rights of others. Ho
shows this defence by respecting the English law, which make thoso rights good.
There was a young woman in England who
told me that she and seven or eight other
young people had tramped in single file-
through a --oiitloman'a dining-room one
evening, while he and his guests were at
dinner, in order to establish a right of way.
The Englishman hid built Ids houso on a
meadow diiootly across a pathway that
had beon uaed for [centuries, and once
a year the young people of tho neighboring
estates marched across Ida lawn, aud up
his stairs, and through his house, in order
that he should remember that the right *-i
way still existed. Slio was an exceedingly
ahp and well-bred young person, and of
family quite as old as the right of way, but
it apparently did not striko her that she
was rude in tramping through a stranger's
house, or indeed, that she was doing anything Out a public duty. And tlie interesting point of the story to me was that
the English householder, inBlead of getting
a Winchester and driving the young trespassers off of Ids lawn, Bhould have had ho
full an appreciation of their right to
question his right that he simply bit his
lips and went to law about it.
There was au Irishman in the same country who lived in a small cottage on an
estate, and who was in the habit of crossing
from it to another through the gateway of
a very distinguished and noble gentleman.
Ilo had done this for twenty years, and
when the no*ble gentleman came iuto somo
more lnonej-.turl hung two fine iron gate-*
between tho posts, the Irish laborer took a
crowbar and broke the binges on which
thuy hung, and tramped over them on hie
way. He was pu: in jail for this for a
month, at the end of which time he went
aftor his crowbar nnd tore the gates down
again. When he bad been in jail five times
iu six month**, the peoplo round about took
up his cases, and the right of'way was declared a ju*t '-*"-, ind the gatps came down
forever. Tl * �� iglishman will go farther
than this, he will not only tight for his
rights, but he will light for some other
man's rights; he will go out of his road lo
tramp through a gentleman's property
simply because the people in the neighborhood are disputing for right of way with
him. I heard of three young bari'inter*-
w hen I was in London who went on a walking
tour, and who laid out their routo entiroly
with the purpose iu view of taking in all
the disputed righia of way in the countries
through which they passed, and who cheerfully sacrificed themselves for the good ot
others hy forcing their way into houses and
across private grounds uml by tearing down
hedges.
KILLED BY MATABELES.
<ii|ii.    Williama of Ihe Kriil��h   Forcea
round Wlilin Bullet fn IHoTeiiiplr.
A Capetown apscia) aaya:���Loiters have
been received here stating that the body of
Capt, Williams ha. been found with a
bullet in one of hia temples. He was killed
by the Matabeles, Capt, Williama was in
charge of a force' that waa in pursuit of
King Lobeugula and the Matabeles, who
fled northward from Buluwayo with him.
The hist heard of him was on November .1,
wnen it was stated that ho had been wound-
d in a skirmish with the Matabeles on
Octobers,'!. He was a son of Gon.Owoh
Williams, who was ane of the principals in
the groat baccarat scandal in England a few
years ago. Capt, Williama formerly belonged to the Royal Horse Guarda.
AN.N'Ual, MEETING OP THK COMPANY,
A London despatch saya:���The annual
meeting of tho British South Africa Chartered Company was hold to-day, the Duke
of Abercorn presiding. He congratulated
the ahareholacrB ou the buccbs of the company's military operations against the
Matabeles, He added lhat the directors
hourly expeoted to hear of the safety of
Major Forbes and the capture of Lobengula,
The report of tho direotora and the agreements with the concession companies wero
adopted,
��� ������ - ��� tf ���
A Pieoe of her Mind-
A lady correspondent has this to say;
*-1 waul to give a piece of my mind to a
certain olnss who object to advertising,
when it coats thom anything���-this wou t
cost them a cent,
" I suffered u living death for nearly two
yoars, with headaches, backache, in paiu
standing or walking, was being literally
dragged out of existence, my misery in*
creased by drugging.
'3At last, in tit'-p .ir I committed the sin
of trying an advertised medicine Dr.
reos Favorite Proscription, and it restored mo to the blessednoss of Bound
health. 1 honor the physician who when
he knows he can euro, has tho moral courage
to advertise the fact."
The medicine mentioned is guaranteed
to cure the delicate diseases peculiar to
females, as " Fein ile Weaknea-," periodical pains, irregularii ie.-, nervous prostration, spasun, chore., or St. Vitus'-- Diium"
slceplodanes!-, thni-iten-il insanUv.
To p ���rnnneiitly cum conatip^tian, bit*
iousnoas, i ui U got tio n or dyspepsia, use Dr,
Pierco's I'leasant  Pellets,
Not a Scotsman But a Dry GooJa Man.
The other day I was going along tho
streets of Toronto whon I saw a boy of
about 7 years of age drop a small parcel, 1
picked lhe parcel up and gave it to the Ind,
rumarking at the samo time that ho should
be more careful.    As ho was going in the
ame direction as I was lho following conversation took plnco : " What is your
name, tny boy ?"" Johnny Mackay." "Did
you como from the old country I      " No,
Ir ; I oimn from Toronto, right hero."
But your father ia a Scotsman ?" " No,
r; my fathor h a dry goods man down ou
King street."���[C. H. Martin, iu tho .Scottish Americun.
A Wediinff Present
Of practical importance would bo a bottle of
tho only sure-pop corn cure ���Putnam's
Painless Coin Extractor���whioh oan he ha,j
at any drug store. A continuation of thn
honeymoon and the removal of corns hot j,
assured by its uso.   Beware of imitations.
AN AUCTIONEER'S STORY.
Muoh Exposure Brought ou a Severe At
tack of Rheumatism.
Bed-fast Fer WceksataTlme���HU Troable
Aggravated hy uu Outbreak of Salt
rheum   An Experience or Interest lo
Other*.
From tlio Stay nor Sun.
There are few people Id Simooe County
who di not know Mr. Thos. Furlong. For
twenty-eight years Mr. Furlong has been a
resident of the county, and tor twenty-two
years has been a travelling agent and an
auctioneer, and it is safe to say that he is
just as popular as he is well known. In a
business of his kind Mr. Furlong is nt.tur*
ally exposed to all kinds of weather, and
the result has been lint for some years past
he has buen badly crippled with rheumatism and has sulfored great pain end in-
convenience. Happily, however, Mr.
Furlong, has found a release from this
sutl'uiiug, and his recovery has excited so
much interest in and about Stayner that
"Thu Sun"deicrinincd to secure the particulars of his euro am) give them for ihs
bete lit of others. Whon Been with regard
tothe matter, Mr. Furlong expressed tho
greatest willingness to make public the
particulars of hia cure in the belief that
it might hoof benefit to some other sulfer-
or.
"Vou are of courso aware," said Mr,
Furong, "that my calling subjects me to
more or loss inclement weather, and this
was the main causo of tny sudoring. Some
nine years ago I first felt lhe symptoms of
rheumatism. 1 did not pay muoh attention
lo it at first, but gradually it became so
severe that it was wiih dilliculty that 1
could hobble around, and my business real*
ly became a burden to tne, 1 consulted I
several physicians who did all they could
for me, but without giving me any relief.
During a part of the year I was bed-fast I
for weeks at a timo and as the remedies I
,ricd did me no good I began to believe
that thore was no euro for me, and you will
readily understand how despondent I was.
To add to my distress I becamo atllicted
with H.ilt-rhcum of the hands, and had to
keep my handa covered with cloths from
one year's end to the other. I had
road ot sumo remarkable cures of rheuma-
tium by tho uso of Dr. Williams' Pink Pills
for I'alo People, and at last I mado up my
mind to try them, though 1 muat admit
thai it was with a doubting heart, for I
had spent a great deal of money for other
medicines without obtaining any benefit.
Howovor they say that a drowning man
will clutch at a str***, and it was with
much of this foaling that I purchased the
first box of Dr. Williams' Pink Pills.
Before that box was all gone I experienced
some relief which warrpnled me in continuing tho treatment, und from that out I
steadily progressed toward complete recovery.
I have used in all night boxo. with the
result that I am to-day frco from pain and
ache, and not ouly did Pink Pills relieve
me of the rheumatism, but they also drove
out the salt-i'hcum, and as you Bee to-day
tho hands which had boen covered with
c acks, fissures and scabs are now completely well. This sph ndi*.l result Jb due entirely to tho uso of Dr. Williama1 Pink Pills
and you may bo sure that it gives me the
greatest pleasure to warmly recommend
them to others.
Dr. Willi.un-i' Piuk Pills are a perfect
blood buildir aud nerve restorer, curing
such disease.-) as rheumatism, neuralgia,
partial pttraty-ds, locomotor ataxia, St,
Vitus' dance, nervoua headache, nervous
prostration and tho tired feeling there from,
the after effects of la grippe, diseases depending on humors in the blood, such as
scrofula, chronicerysipelas, etc. Piuk Pill,
give a healthy glow to pale and sallow
complexions and are a specific for the
troubles peculiar to the female system, and
in the caso nf men thoy elfeot a radical
cure in all cases arising from mental worry,
overwork, or excesses of any uature.
Tlmo Pilla are innuiiiactn ��d by the Dr.
Williams' Medicine Company, Hro:kvillc,
Oni..aiul Schenectady, N. V., and are sold
only in boxes clearing tho firm'a trade mark
and wrapper, at 50 centa a box or six boxes
for ��2.5(1. Auk your dealer for Dr.
Williams' Pink Pills for Palo Peoplo and
refuse ull imitations and substitutes.
Dr. Williams' Pink Pilla may be had
fiom all druggists, or direct by mail from
Dr, Williams' Medicine Company from
either nddret-s. The {rice at which these
pills aro sold mnkes a course of treatment
comparatively inexpensive as compared
with other remedies or medical treatment
A. P. 391.
What Hurt Him-
"I don't mind your refusing me eold victual., ma'am," said the time-worn and
travel-stained pilgrim at the kitchen door,
buttoning hi. faded remnant of a ooat under
hi. chin "but when you call me a worthless
tramp ynu do me a oruel injustice. I have
a standing oiler of 915, ma'am, from one of
the b jat medical college, in this country for
my corporoaity, juat as it stands 1"
And with a stately bow he turned away,
shuttled down the steps, and carried his in*
suited corporoaity to the next kitchen.
Nerve Paia Cure-
Poison's Nerviline cure, flatulence,chill.,
and spasms. Nerviline cures vomiting,
diarrhu-a, cholera, and dysentery. Nerviline
cure, headache, sea silliness and summer
complaint. Nerviline cures neuralgia,
toothache, lumbago, and sciatica. Nerviline
cure, aprains, bruises, cuts, ,to. Poison's
Nerviline i. the best remedy in the world,
and only coats 10 and 25 cents to try it.
Sample and large bottle, at any drug store.
Try Poison'. Nerviline.
Little Mabel���"Ethel muat think you're
lota better than any of her othor beaux.'1
Mr. Hpoonaway (gratified and blushing) -
"Why, dear T" Little Mabel��� *' Becuiso
.he let. me .Uy in the room when you
call, and .he don't when the others call."
Ciiir.'vensiiniptir.n, Coughs, Cronp, Bo ro
Throat. Sold by all DrilRRttU on a Guarantee,
Fcr a Lame Side, lht-J- or Chest Shiloh's Porouf
Plaster will eive great fintlifacilcgu*-15 cent*.
HILOH'S^CATARRH
Have you Cutarrh ? This Itemcdy will relievo
nnd Cure-yen. Prioe Wots, This injector lor
ita luooeasfui treatment, free Remember,
BUIlou-a iti-in'-dii.H *'!��������� sola on ngucrantee.
I A niCC Dross and Mantlo Cuttin
LHUICO by this new and improve
TAILORS* SQUARES.
I Satisfaction guaranteed to toaoh ladloa
tho full iii'i. of cm ting nil garments
worn by ladles and children.
: PROF* SMITH, 392 QUEEN ST- W.pTORONTO-
Agents Wanted.
1,000,000
ACRES OF LAND
f or sale by the SintT Pan
A Dui.t'Tii Railroad
CuurAt-iT In Minnesota. Eeud for H.pa and C'lreo*
Ian, They will bo stmt to you
Address      HOPEWELL CLARKE.
Land Coniuilnloner, 81. Paul, MJafc
IT IS A GREAT MISTAKE
To think that you must
wear   wide,   ill-look ing
���:h*H-s to have comfort.
Our  shoes  are   both
Have you
Do you ever got worn
out witli Im-i-it'-i-i trouble-) tu- minlii, i xliiius-
tlon 1 Do you ovor hnvo
Llie bluet-/ If you do
thoro Is nothing that will
tofre.li and eliecr you
liko a good tumbler of St.
I,ooti Water. Itsactlon
Is directly on the liver,
which uxfilnlna Its cheering uml .-xhtl-t.ro'Ing effect. Every physician
of noto rocomiiiendi it.
Next lime you hnve tho
bluo i try it.
St. Icon Mineral Water Co'y, Ltd
(IcailOffice-KlngSf. w., Torento
All druggM*. grocers  anil hotels.
gTt-jACOI'S
ivtysmmp
(Mans-Deast
"German
Syrup"
ForThroat and Lungs
"Ihave been ill for
Hemorrhage " about five years,
"have had the best
���TlveYear8,    "medical   advice,
"aud I took the first
"dose in some doubt.   This resulted in afewhtmrseuBy sleep. There
" was no further hemorrhage till next
"day, wheu Iliad a slight attack
" which stopped almost immediate-
" ly.    By the third day all trace of
" blood had disappeared and I bad
"recovered  much  strength.   The
"fourth day I sat up iu bed and ate
"my dinner, the first solid food foi
'two months.    Since  that time I
'have gradually gotten better aud
' am uow able to move about the
' house.    My death was daily ex-
'pected and my recovery has been
' a grc-al surprise to my friends and
' the doctor. There can be no doubt
���about the effect of German Syrup,
'as I bad an attack just previous to
��� its use.    The only relief was alter
lb, first .lose." ) R, I.OUUH1ISA1*,
.- n..tia\m.
A Far-Fanned College
llormuda. Nova Si-ottft, Now Hrniiswlek, Q��o-
boo. Albert,,. HrlMxh Columbia, Mo^nohu.
eetln. Now York und all porta of Ontario,
nro TO-DAY roiirosontoil nt
ONTARIO  -  BUSINESS - COLLEGE,
iit:iiKUi.i.��:. ovr.
For the 23th annual catalogue, addroiw���
Robinson tt Jolinqon, Uell-iv ilic. On
\i
Scott's
Emulsion
of Cod-liver Oil and Hypophosphiles
is both a food and a remedy. It is
useful as a fat producer ana at the
same time gives vital force to the
body.   It is beneficial in
CONSUMPTION
because It makes fat and gives strength*
It is beneficial for
SICKLY CHILDREN
because they can assimilate it when
they cannot ordinary food.
It is beneficial for
COUGHS AND COLDS
because It heals the irritation of the
throat and builds up tbe body and
overcomes the difficulty.
���T AVTIOlf ."-Bemr** of mi bat it tat St.
Genuirn- pi-cpareit hy Hcntt A Untrue,
Bull Brill-*.   Hold byalldruftiUM.
Nth ind 11.00.
I EDMONTON, Alberta, N. W. T.. Farms and
y  Town Property for calo by COWIE &
ltuUND, Ileal Ksbtte Agent-*.
���hONT Buy a Watch &��&>��$>
*-**������'   New Catalogue.   1TSFHKK.   Writo for
ontt to-K. ll. MOWltY & Co.,Toronto, Can.
AUKSTl. HF.HC VOU AIM*,-Siimiuithu at
tho World's Fair. byJofilah Allen's wife.
Over 100IHuHtratlonH. Nearly H'*1 pait.H. No
Territory assigned. Send #l.o;i for uros-ioctus
and push the ciinviuis It you want to mako
money. WILLIAM MtlG<-.a, Temperance St,
oronto. 	
mm
The moat Interesting Parlor
Game uvor invented.
only','.", cm. Address Pinto,
flO Yongo St-An-ads-.Tnronto,
SAUSACE CASINGS 9BN3-
lii-li, conn tin tly on hand also prliiu* American
Hog's Casings, full llneti Now Hum-, Long
Clenr Bacon, Kolln, CheoHo, Lord, otc Pakk
IIlackwkl[,&Co. LTi>.,Succoa*tors to Jamb-i
Pakk & Son, Toronto.
MUSIC !
Every Muslo Toaohor I n Canada should know whore they
ran g*.'t thai** Mil-do ohcapOM.
Write ui for Catalogue*-; also
sample copy of tho Canadian
Mi't-iciAN, n livn monthly
iournal with 11,00 worth of
inusiti In each Issue, S'l to |l)
por day made by canvassers.
Sbo premium list-   Wo carry
very thing in the Muslo Hue,
WHALEY.ROYCE&OO
158Y3HCEST.T0R0HT0.0HT
SIUXS OF HEALTH      ,
are brightoyofl and clear complexion from
Lho \we of Dr. Slocum's OxygeniEOd
Emulsion of Fare Bod Lifer Oil.
Knuj- to tnko, nnd n flront Flesh I'rodncor.
Ask your druggist tor it, uud lake 110
othor.
MAN'n'ALTI'ltKl, UY
T- A SLOOUM &. CO-
Toronto.
"SOUVENIR"
ArtifleialLirabs
J. I>OAN & SOX
For Clrculnr Addrosa���
77 Nortl|Cote Ave.Torot|to,
In an Indication of
COLD IN THB HEAD.
It Is tho beginning of Catarrh and frequently
cads to Connumption.   Avoid thoso by using
CLARK'S CATARRH CURE, Price Soc.
Ono bottle will work wonders.  If your drug*
gist doos not keep It address
T-ASLOCUM&CO
86 Adelaide tt. W. TORONTO.
DRV PRIM, PLMTIO
Clay Machinery
TIU AND PAVIRI
WATEROUS, BR*NTF0J2(I,
SWESHAMS
Made from OILIfilM DESIGNS and
:-:   Patterns   :-:
Tliey nre Superb in Finish,
a^d Superior in Quality of
Material & Worknytiistiip.
They Excel in Baling Qualities, arid in Economy of
Fuel and Convenience.
: They are made to burn wood ex* :
: clusivolyor Coal and Wood,nnd :
: In a Groat Variety of Sites, and :
: are therefore adapted to the re-:
��utremonta of Largo or Small :
amlllei, In any part ot the Do- :
: minion.
Svery Stovo Warranted* :
If you nro in want ot a Cook Stove or Hasa
Burner,���don't buy until you havu aeon t hla
Kh'pini Lino. Sold by leading Mtuvu Deal*
urn everywhere.
Manufactured hy
Tiie GURNEY, TILGEN Co,, Ltd
Hamilton, Ont.
ORANBY RUBBERS.
Tht y givo perfect gatisfnetion in fit, style aud finish, and it hits Ijcc-omo n byword thnt
"Ohanhv lii'iiiiuiis wear lieo iron,"
liiWAKE
*" sou
'Shure MAM
it Bates tuimau.-*
(DAVID
MORTON & SONS
HAMILTON,ONT. S.H.ISS IN THE MIDST OF ALARMS.
BY ROBERT BARR, IN " LIPPINOOTT'S MAGAZINE."
CHAPTER XtV.
Yates stood for a moment regarding the
dejected attitude of Ills friend.
"Hello, old man," he oried, "you have
the most' liark-from-the-tombi' appearance
I ever saw.    " What's the matter?"
Renmark looked up.
"Oh, it's yon, is it,!"
"Of course it's I. Beau expecting anybody else ?"
" No. I have been waiting for you, aud
thinking of a variety of things."
" You look it Well, Ranny, congratulate me, my boy. She's mine, and I'm hers,
���which is two wayB of stating tho same
delightful fact. I'm up in a balloon, Renny,
I'm engaged to the m-ottieat, awootoat, and
most delightful girl thore is from the Atlantic to the Pacific. What d'ye think of
that? Say, Uonnurk, there's nothing on
cart li liko it. You ought to reform and go in
for boing iu lovo. It would make a man of
you. Champagne isn't to lie compared to It.
Get up here and danac, don't sit hore like a
bear nursing a soro paw. Uo you coin*
preliQnd that I am to be married to the
. darlingeatgirl that lives!"
"God help herl"
"Thai'n what I say. Kvery day of her
life, bless her I Hut I don't aay it quite In
that tone, Renmark. What's the matter
with you T One would think you were io
lovo with tho girl yourself, if such a thing
wero possible.
"Why is it not possible 1"
"If that id a conundrum I can answer it
the first timo, Because you are a fossil.
You aro too good, Renny, therefore dull and
un intercut! ng. Now, there ia nothing a
woman likes bo much as to reclaim a
man. It always annoys a woman to know
that the man she is interested in haa a past
with which she has had nothing to do. If he is
wicked and she eau sort of make him over,
like an old dress, alio revols in the process.
She Hatters horself she makos a no*
man of him, and thinks ahe owns that new
man by right of manufacture. Wo owe it
to the sex, Renny, to give 'em a chance at
reforming ua, I have known men who hated
tobacco tako to Btnokmg merely to give it
up joyfully for the aake of thu woman they
loved. Now, if n man is perfect to begin
with, what is a dear ministering angel of a
woman to do with him? Manifestly, nothing, Tho trouhlo with you, Renny, is that
you are too evidently ruled by a good and
wd.-trained conscience, and naturally all
women you meet intuitively aee thia and
have no use for you. A little wickedness
would bo the making of you."
" Do you think, then, that if a man's
impulse is to do what his conscience tells
liim is wrong, he should follow his impulse
and not his conscience!"
"You state tho caso with unnecessary
seriousneai. I think that an occasional
blow-out is good for a man. Rut if you
ever have an impulse of tlut kind, I think
you should give way to it for once, just to
ace how it feels. A man who ia too good
gets conceited about himself."
" I half bolievo you are right, Mr, Yates,"
Baid the professor, rising, "I will ant on
your advice, and, as you put it, see how it
feels. My conscience tells mo that I should
oongratulatu you and wish you a long and
happy lite with the girl you have���I won't
Bay chosen, but tossed up for. The natural
man iu me, on the other hand, urgea me to
break every bone in your worthleaa body.
Throw olFyour coat, Vates,"
" Oh, I aay, Renmark, you're crazy."
" I'orhaps m. He all the moro on your
guard, if you believo it. A lunatic ia sometimes dangerous."
"Oh, go away. You're dreaming. You're
talking iu your sleep. What? fight? Tonight? Nonsense?"
" Do you want *mo to Btriko you before
you are ready ?"
" No, Kenny, no, My wimts are always
modest. I don't wish to fight at all, especially to night. I'm a reformed man, I tell
you. I havo no desire to bid good-by to
my best girl with a black oye to-morrow."
"Then slop talking, if you can, and defend yourself."
"It's impossible to fight hero In the dark.
Don't flutter yourself for a moment that I
am afraid.    Yon   jusl spir with   yourself
i*-a**-d getlimborud up whilo 1 put Home wood
on the fire.   This is ton ridiculous."
Yn'.e.-t gathered up some fuel and managed
to ooax tho dying embers into a blaze.
"There," he said, "that's batter, Now
let mo have a look at you. In tho name of
wonder, Renny, what do you want to fight
me for, to-night!"
"I refuse to give my reason."
"Thon I refuse to light. I'll run, and I
oan beat you in a foot-race any day in the
week. Why, you're worse than her father.
Heat least let tne know why he fought
me."
"Whoso father!"
"Kitty's father, of course,���my future
father-in-law. Aiul that's another ordeal
ahead of inc. I haven't spoken to tho old
man yot, und 1 need all my fighting grit
for that."
"What are you talking about!"
" Isn't my language plain ?   It usually
la."
'���'To whom are you engaged! As 1
understand your talk, it is to Miss Hart-
lett.   Am I right?"
" Right us rain, Renny. This fire is
dying down again. Say, can't we postpone
our tracas until daylight? I don't want
to gather any more weed. Resides, one of
us is sure to be knocked into the fire and
thus ruin whatever is left of our clothes.
What do you aay?"
"Say ?    I say I am an idiot/
" Hollo ! reason is re Liming, Uenny. I
perfectly agree with yoa."
" Thank you. Then yon did not propose to Mar���to Miss Howard?"
" Now you touch upon n sore spot, Ron*
mark, tHat I am tryintr to forgot. You
remember the unfortunate toss-up ; in faot,
I think you referred to it a moment ago,
and you wero justly indignant about it at
the limo. Weil, I don't care to talk muoh
about tho sequel, but, as ymi know tho be*
([Inning, ymi will havu tu know tho end,
means'.- I want to wring a sooond promise
from you. You are never to mention this
episode of thu loss-up or of my confession
to any living soul. The telling of it might
do harm, and it couldn't possibly do any
good.    Will you  promise?"
"Ortainly. Hut do not tell mo unless
Xou wiih to. '
"I don't exactly yearn to talk about it,
but it ia bettor you should understand how
the land lies, so you won't make any mistake. Not on my account, you know, but
I would not like it to como to Kitty's ears.
Yes, I proposed to Margaret���lirat. She
wouldn't look at me. Can you credit i
that!" I
"Well,   now   that you   mention  it,   I
"Exactly.   I seo you can credit it.   Well,
I couldn't at firat, but Margaret knowa her
own mind, there's no question about that
Say 1 she's in love with some other fellow.
''  I found that much out."
" You aaked her, I presume."
"Well, it's my profession to find things
out; and, naturally, if I do that for my
Eaper it ia not likely that I am going to be
ehindhand when jt comes to myself. She
denied it at firat, but admitted it afterwards, and then bolted."
" You must have used great taot and
delicacy."
"See here, Renmark, I'm not going to
stand any of your sneering, I told you
this was a Bore subject with me. I'm not
telling you because I like to, but because I
have to. Don't put mo in lighting humor,
Mr, Rcumark. If I talk fight I won't begin for no reason nnd then back out for no
reason.   I'll go on."
"I'll bo discreet, and beg to take back
all I said.    What else?"
!��� Nothing else. Isn't that enough ? It
was moro than enough for me���at the time,
I tell you, Renmark, I spent a pretty bad
half-hour sitting on the fence and thinking
about it."
" So long as that'!"
Yatea roao from the fire indignantly.
" 1 take that baok too," oried the Professor, hastily,   " I didn't mean it."
"It strikes me you've become awfully
funny all of a ludden. Don't you think
it's about time we took to our bunka? It'a
ate."
Renmark agreed with him, but did not
turn in. He walked to the friendly fence,
hid hia arma along the top rail, and gazed
at the friendly stars. He had not noticed
how lovely the night waa, with its impress-
ive stillness, as if the world had stopped as
a steamer stops in mid-ocean. After quiet*
ing hia troubled spirit in the restful atars,
he climbed the fenoe and walked down the
road, taking little heed of the direction.
Tlie still night was a soothing companion.
He came at last to a Bleeping village of
woodon houses, and through tho centre of
(he town ran a single line of rails, an
iron link connecting the unknown
hamlet with all civilization. A red
and a green light glimmered down
the line, giving the only indication that a
train ever camo that way. As he went a
mile or two farther, the cool breath of the
great lake made itself felt, and aftor crossing a field ho suddenly camo upon the
water, finding all farther progress iu that
direction barred. Huge sand dunes formed
the shore, covered with sighing nines. At
the foot of the dunes stretched a broad
beaoh of firm sand dimly visible in contrast
with the darker water, and at long intervals on the eand fell the light ripple of the
languid summer waves running up the
beaoh with a half-asleep whisper that be-
���ame softer and softer uutil it was merged
In the silenco beyond. Far out on the
dark waters, a point of light, like a floating
star, showed whero a steamer was slowly
making her way, and ao still waa the night
that he felt, rather than heard, her pulsating engines. It was the ouly sign of life
visible from that enchanted buy,���tho bay
of the silver beaoh,
Renmark threw himself down on the soft
aand at the foot of a dune. Tho point of
light gradually worked its way to the west,
following, doubtless unconsciously, the star
of empire, and disappeared around the
headland, taking with it a certain vague
sense of companionship. Hut the world is
vory small, and a man is never quite as
muoh alone aa ho thinks he is, Renmark
hoard the low hoot of an owl among the
trees, which cry he was astonished to hear
answered from the water. He sat up and
listened. Presently there grated on tho
sand the keel of a boat, and somo one
stepped ashore. From the wooHb there
emerged the shadowy forms of three men.
Nothing was aaitl, but they got silently
into the boat, whioh might have been
Charon's cratt for all ho could see of it.
The rattle of the rowlocks and the plash of
oars followed, while a voice cautioned the
rowers to make less noise. It was evident
that aome belated fugitives wero eluding
the authorities of both countries. Renmark
thought with a smile that if Yates were in
his place ho would at least give them a
fright, A sharp command to an imaginary
company to load and fire would travel far
on auch a night, and would give the rowers
a few moments of great discomfort, Renmark, however, did not shout, but treated the episode as part of the mystical dream, and lay down ou the
sand again. He noticed that the water
in tho oast seemed to feel tho approach of
day even before tho aky. Gradually the
day dawned, a slowly-lightening gray at
first, uutil the coming sun spattered a filmy
cloud with gold and crimson. Renmark
watched the glory of the sunrise, took one
lingering look at the curved beauty of tho
bay shore,shook tho sand from his clothing,
and started back for the village and the
camp beyond.
The village was astir when ho reached it.
He was surprised to aee Stoliker on horseback in front of one of the taverns. Two
assistants were with him, olso seated on
harsoB. The constable seemed disturbed
by tho sight of Renmark, but he was there
to do his duty.
������ Hello I" he criod, " you're up oarly. I
have a warrant for the arreat of your
friend : I suppose you won't tell me where
he is?"
" You can't expect me to give nny information that will get a friend into trouble,
can you ?���especially as he haa done
nothing,"
" 1'hat's as may turn out before a jury,"
said one of thc assistants, giavoly,
"Yes," assented Stoliker, winking quietly at the profesaor. "That is for judge and
jury to determine,���not you."
"Well," Bait! Renmark, "I will not inform on anybody, unless I amo ompelled to,
would deliberately accept a man from "the
States," and to have a wife who wo ild aid
and abet suoh an action, giving comfort
and support to the enemy, seemed to him
traitorous to all the traditions of 1812 or
any other data In the history of the two
countries. At tinus, wild ideas of getting
blind full and going home to break every
breakable thing in the house rose in his
mind, but prudence whispered that he had
to live all the rest of his life with hia wife,
and he realized that hiB scheme of vengeance
had its drawbacks.   Finally he untied his
Salient team, after paying his bill, and
rove silently home, not having returned,
even by a not!,any of the salutations tendered to him that day. Ho waa somewhat relieved to find uo questions were aaked, and
that his wife recognized the faot that he
was passing through a crisis. Nevertheless
there was a steely glitter in the eye he un*
easily quailed under, which told him a line
had been reaohed which it would not be
well for him to cross. She forgave, but it
muatn't go any further.
When Yates kissed Kitty good-night at
tho gate he asked her, with some trepida-.     _, ���
tion whether she had told any one of their  ty of watchmakers suffers from weak eyes.
BRI��F AND IKTEES8TIHQ.
England haa 4,000 Idle clergymen.
Women of rank go bareheaded in Mexico.
Most workerB in Switzerland labour about
eleven houra a day.
Only 9 per cent, of oases of amputation
are fatal.
The oatgut in tennis rackets is made
from the entrails of aheep.
The island of Malta is the moat densely
populated apot on earth.
Two.thirds of the gold now in uae in the
world was discovered daring the last fifty
years.
Pawnbrokers are not allowed to take wine
and spirits in pawn.
The Czar's Royal yacht, the Polar Star,
cost over ��1,000,000 sterling.
Three persons are cremated, on an aver*
age, every week at Woking, England,
Thirteen million four hundred thousand
Bank of England notes are issued yearly.
An oculist says that aoarcely one in twen
engagement*
'* No one but Margaret," said Kitty.
* And what did she aay ?" aaked Yates,
as if, after all, her opinion was of no importance.
" She said ahe was sure I should be happy,
and she know you would bo a good bus*
baud,"
She's rather a nice girl, is Margaret,"
remarked Yatea, with the ar of a man
willing to conaode goot1 qualities to a girt
other than his own, but indicating, after
all, that there was but one on earth for
him.
She is a lovely girl," said Kitty, enthusiastically. -��� I wonder, Dick, when
you knew her, why you ever fell in love
with me,"
The idea I I haven't a word to say
against Margarot; but, compared with my
girl "
And he finished his sentence with a practical illustration of his frame of mind.
Aa he walked alone down the road ho
reflected that Margaret had acted very
handsomely, and he resolved to drop in and
wish her good-by. Hut aa he approached
the house his courage began to fail him, and
he thought it better to sit on the fenoe,
near the place where he had sat the night
before, and think over it. It took a good
deal of thinking. But as he aat thero it waa
deatined that Yatea ahould receive some
Information which would simplify matters.
Two persona came slowly out of the gate in
the gathering darkness. They strolled together up the road pan him, absorbed in
themselves. When directly opposite, Ren*
mark pot hiB arm around Margaret's waist,
and Yates nearly fell off the fenoe. He held
his breath until they were safely out of
hearing, then slid down and crawled along
in the shadow until ho came to the aide-
road, up which he walked, thoughtfully
pausing every few moments to remark,
" Well, I'll be���" but speech seemed to
havejfailed him ; he could get no further.
He atopped at the fence and leaned against
it, gazing for the last time at the tent
glimmering white, like a misshapen ghost,
among the sombre trees, He had no energy
left to climb over.
Well,I'm a chimpanzee," he muttered
to himself at last, "lhe highest bidder can
have me, with no upset price. Diek Yatea,
I wouldn't have believed it of you. You a
newspaper-man? You a reporter from 'way
back? You up to snuff! Yates, I'm ashamed
to be seen in your company. Go back to
New York, and let the youngest reporter
in from a country newspaper scoop the daylight out of you. To think that this thing
has heen going on right under your well developed nose and you never saw it,���worse,
never had the faintest suspicion of it,���
thrust at you twenty times a day,���nearly
got yo tr stupid head Btnashed on account
of it,���-and yet bloated away like the
innocent little lamb that you are, and never
even suspected! Dick, you're a three-aheet-
poster fool in colored ink. And to think
that both of them know all about the firat
proposal I���both of them! Well, thank
heaven, Toronto la a long way from New
York."
[thk end.!
GO TO THE MOLE, TflOU SLUGGARD.
The llartl-working Lillie  Animal nt least
no Industrious no Ibe Ant.
A mole'a life is by no means a gentlemanly
sinecure, according to the Cornhtll Magazine,
He haa to work harder, in all probability,
for hia pittance of earthworms than any
other animal works for his daily bread, HiB
whole existence is spent in perpetual raising
aud removing largo piles ot earth by sheer
force of muscle. Iu order to sustain auoh
constant toil and to replace and repair the
used-up tissue the mole requires to be al
ways eating,   Hia  appetite is voracious
He works like a horse and eats like an clo*
but "i may savo ynuTome trouhi'o"!^ "teiiilie I P**��*t.   Throughout hia waking hours ho is
where I have been and what I havo" aeon, I
am on my way back from the lake. If you I
go down there you still see the mark of a
boat's keol on the saud, and probably foot,
prints. A boat came over from tho other
shore in the night and a man got on board-
I don't aay who the man was, and I had
nothing to do with the matter in any way
except as a spectator. That is all the in*
formation I have to give."
Stoliker turned to his assistants, and
nodded. "What did I tell you?1' he aaked.
"We were right on his track."
"You said the1 railroad," grumbled tho
the man who had spoken before.
"Well, wo were within two miles of him.
Let ua go down to the lake and see tlio
tra-ies.   Then we can return the warrant,"
Renmark found Yates still asleep in the
tont.    He prepared breakfast without  disturbing him.    When the meal was ready
he roused the reporter and told him of the
mooting with Stoliker, advising him to get
back to New York without delay.
Yatea yawned sleepily.
������ Yes," he aaid, " l'vo been dreaming it
all nut,   I'll get father-in-law to tote mo
out to Fort Erie to-night."
" Do yon think it will bo safo to put it
off so long?"
" Sifer than trying to got away during
the day. After breakfast I'm going down
to the Uarttott homeatoad, .Must have a
talk with tho ohl folks, you know. I'll
spend the rest of tho day making up for
that interview by talking with Kitty,
Stoliker will never search for ino thero, ami
now that ho thinks I'm gone lie will likely
make a visit to the tent. .Stoliker is a good
follow, but his strong point ia duty, you
know, and if he's certain I'm gone he'll
give hia country the worth of its money by
searching, I won't be back for dinner :
ao you can put iu your time reading
my dime novels. I make no reflections
on your cooking, Renny, now that the
vacation is over, but I ha-*e my preferences,
and they incline towards a final meal with
the Hartlotts. If 1 wero you I d have a nap.
You look tired out."
" I am," aaid tho prof-'B3or.
Renmark intended to lie down for a few
moments until Yates was clear of the camp,
after which he determined to pay a visit *
but Nature, when sho got him lucked up in
sleep, took her revenge. Ho did not hea.1
Stoliker and his satellites search the premises, just as Yates had predicted they
would, and when he finally awoke he
found, to hia astonishment, that it waa
nearly dark. Hut ho was nil the better
fur his sleep, and he attended to his personal appearance wiMi more than ordinary
care.
Old Hiram Bartlett accepted the situation with tho patient and grim stolidity of
a man who taken a blow dealt him by a
Providence which he knows is inscrutable.
What he had done to deserve it was beyond
his comprehension. He silently hitched up liis
horses, and for the first time in liis life drove
into Fort Erie without any reasonable
excuse for going there. He tied his team
at the usual corner, after which ho sat
at one of the taverns nnd drank strong
waters that had no apparent effect on him.
He even went so far as to Binoke two native
cigars ; and a man who can do that can do
anything.   To bring up  n daughter who
engaged in pushing aside earth and scurry
ing alter worms iu all his galleries and tun1
nelB. The laborer, of courao, ia worthy of
his hire. Such ceaseless activity can only
be kept up by equally ceaseless feed ing, and
so the mole's existence is one long savage
alternation of labor and banqueting. Hia
heart and lungs and muscles aie working at
audi a rate that if he goes without food for
half a day he starves and dies of actual inanition. He is a high pressure engine. His
drinking is like hia eating ; immoderate in
The Creek Church employs two rings in
the marriage ceremony���one of gold, tha
other of silver.
The longest artificial water-course in the
world ia the Bengal Canal, 000 miles', the
next ia Erie, 303. Eaoh cost nearly $10,*
000,000.
Some of the healthiest ohildren in the
world are found in the .Scottish Highlands,
where shoes are seldom worn at an earlier
age than twelve aud thirteen.
It la said that pansy leaves, spread among
furs and woollens, will protect them from
moths.
There are aaid to be 093 newapapera and
journals issued within a radius of six miles
from Charing Cross, London.
The United States have 2-16 life-saving
stations���IHI on the Atlantic, 48 on the
Lakes, 18 on the Pacific, and oue at the
Ohio Falls, Louisville, Ky.
The slag that accumulates about Iron
furnaoes, and that heretofore has been a
groat nuisance, has been discovered to contain valuable fertilising qualities and tbe
German farmers are using it freely.
Mr. Sims Reevea, it is said, receives 30s.
per hour for teaching at the Guildhall
School. Thia ia in addition to the fees he
receives from pupils.
Statistics ahow that 23,010,000 inhabitants of the United States are maintained
by agriculture, 15,020,000 by manufactures.
Clusters of clover, if hung in a room and
left to dry and shed their perfume through
the air, will drive away more Hies than
sticky Batticra of treacle and olher tly traps
and fiy-papera can ever collect.
In Germany, when the vote of the jury
stands six against six, the prisoner is acquitted. A vote of seven againat tive leavea the
decision to the court, aud in a vote of eight
against four the prisoner is convicted.
A frog cannot breathe with its mouth
open. Its breathing apparatus is so arranged that when its mouth is open ita nostrils
are oloaed. To suffocate a frog it ia necessary to prop ita jaws ao that they cannot
BtlUt.
A lady physician attends the Queen of
Corea, and receives pay at the rate of ��5, ���
000 a year, Whon the queen is sick the
aalory stops, and of course the physician,at
such time, feels almost as wretched as her
noble patient.
A rainmaker now operationg in India
haa an apparatus consisting of a rocket
capable of rising to thu 1,eight of a mile,
containing a reservoir of ether. In its
deaceut it opens a parachute, which causes
it to come down slowly. The other is
thrown out in a fine spray, and its absorption of heat is said to lower the temperature
about it sufficiently to condense the vapour
and produce a limited shower.
The little too Is disappearing from the
human foot. At a recent meeting of the
French Academy of Science, it was demonstrated that in the last two centuries the
average size of the toe has decreased ao
much that instead of three joints it has
mosteqiiQiibly only t wo, and that in nd-
ditio tin iiif-mi ail muscles that con tro
t are slowly becoming useless.
While making some excavations beneath
a church in the Prussian town of Auger-
burg, the workmen made a hoirible discovery���a small walled-in apace in which they
found a human skeleton a broken chair,
and the remains of a helmet and a pair of
boots. The walla bore marks as of finger
nail aera'.ches, and thero was other evidence that some person had been walled lh
alive.
Cattle shipped from Chicago to Phila
dolphin, arc denied wator during the whole
trip. Ou their arrival in the Quaker City,
jiiHt before being sold thoy are given all the
water they can drink, and excessive thirst
makes them absorb about sixty pounds of
fluid. This tho purchaser buys as boof, as
the animals ure sold by weight.
mi; i u i,i:ir exta.vt am--ml.
Male Giraffes Have  Beached the Height
of Eighteen Feet.
Compared with their extinet allies cf
earlier periods of the earth's history, it may
be laid down aa a general rule that the large
animals of the present day are decidedly In
ferior in point of sine. During the later portion of the territorial period, for instance,
before the incoming of the glacial epooh
when mammals appear to havo attained
their maximum development, there lived
elephants alongside of which ordinary in*
dividuals of the existing species would nave
looked almost dwarfs, while the oave bear-
and the oave hyena attained considerably
larger dimecsions than their living repreaen
tatives, and some of the sable-toothed tigers
must have been considerably larger than the
biggest Afrioan lion or Bengal lion. Again,
the remains of red deer, bison, and wild oxen
disinterred from the caverns aud other sur*
tidal deposits of this country Indicate
animals far
SUI'KRIOR IN SIZE
to their degenerate descendant* of
tho present day, while some of the extinct pigs from theSiwalik hills of northern
India might bo compared in stature to a
tapir rather than to an ordinary wild boar.
The same story ib told of reptiles, the giant
tortoise of the Stwalik hills, in spite of its
dimensions having been considerably exaggerated, greatly exseeding in size the largest living giant tortoises of either the
Maacarene or the Galapagos Islands. The
latter rocks have also yielded the remains
of a long-snouted crocodile, allied to the
gavial of the Ganges, which probably
measured from fifty to sixty feet iu length,
whereas it is very doubtful if any existing
member of the order exceeds half the smaller of theso dimensions. If, morever, we
took into account totally extinct types, such
as the megatheres and inylodons of South
America, and contrasting them with their
nearest living allies���In this instance the
sloths and anteaters���tho discrepancy in
size would be still mere marked, but auoh
a comparison would scarcely be analogous
to the above.
To every rulo thore is, however, an ex*
ception, and there are a fow groups of iiv*
ing large mammals whose existing members
appear nover to have been surpassed in size
by their fosBil relatives. Foremost among
those are tho whales, which now appear to
include the largest members of the order
which have ever existed. The so-called
white, or square-mouthed rhinoceros of
South Africa seems also to bo fully equal J
in size to any of its extinct ancestors; and
the same ia certainly true of tho giraffe,
which may even exceed .11 its predecessors
in this respect.   Whether, however,
THE FOSSIL IJIRAFKE**.,
of which more anon, were or were not the
equals iu height of the largest individuals
of the living species, there is no question
but that the latter is by far tbo tallest of all
living mammals, and that it waa only rivalled in thia respect among extinct forms
by ita aforesaid ancestors. Moreover, if
we exolude creatures like some of the gigantic dinosaurian reptiles of the secondary
epoch, which, so to speak, gained an unfair
advantage as regards height by sitting on
thoir hind legs in a kangaroo-like manner,
and limit our comparison to such as walk
on all four feet in the good old-fashioned
way, we shall find that giraffes are not only
the tallest mammals, but likewise the tallest of all animals that have ever existed.
As regards the height attained by the
male of the talient of quadrupeds, thero is,
uu fortunately, a lack of accurate information
and sinco itis probable that the majority of
those now living aro inferior in size tothe
largest iuidviduals which existed when the
species was fai more numerous than at present, it is to bo feared that this deficiency in
our knowledge is not very likely to be
remedied. By some writers the heightof
the male giraffe Ib given at sixteen feet,and
that of tho female at fourteen feot, but
this is certainly below the reality. For instance, Mr. H.A. Bryden states that a fern*
Ale ho shot in Southern Africa measured
seventeen feet to the summits of tho horns,
From the evidences of a vory large though
badly presoived speclmau in tho Natural
History Museum it may, however, be in*
ferrcd that fine males certainly roach the
imposing height of eighteen feet.
BK1TISH   DEFENCE*)   UHMASKED.
The    I'Iiiiii   or t-'niir   Important    Anglo
Indian  1-orl*. Taken hy n French Spy.
Advices  just   received   from   Rangoon
British  Burmah,   show that  the   British
Government defences at  Aden, Kurrachi,
all things he must have his liquor much and} Bombay, and Rangoon are probably as woll
often.   So he digs many pits in hia tunneled; known  now in Paris ns they aro  at thc
ground and catches water in them to supply his needs at frequent intervals. He
doesn't believe, however, in the early closing
movemont. Day aud night alike he drinks
overy few hours, for day and night are
all alike to him. He works and rests by
turn, after the fashion ot the navvies employed in digging tunnels, or measures his
time by watches, as is the way of sailors.
fler First-
A woman got into a streetcar in Toronto
on a recent Saturday atternoon. She was
carrying a sweet-faced baby, which was not
moro than six months old.
The car was detained at the corner whero
the woman got on, and she shitted round
nervously in her Beat for a moment and then
began to tosa the baby about. Hero is a
true description of what she did with thut
child while the oar was going 250 yards :
Held it up on one knee for thirty seconds.
Then shifted it to the other knee,
Pulled it up against her aud hugged it
twice.
Tossed It on her left shoulder and then
lifted it to her right shoulder.
Held it up to the window and then stood
it up on hor lap.
Made a cradle ont of her arms and jumped it up and down six times.
Placed it on her left knee. Then put it
on her right knee.
Laid it on its stomach in her lap.
Hugged it to her bosom and patted it
seven times.
Held it up to the tram window again,
then pulled it over her left shoulder, shifted
it to her right shoulder, and wound it up
by dumping it inio her lap.
Tossed ib into tho air a dozen times and
hugged it four or five times.
Laid it on its back in her lap aud then
turned it to lay on ita stomach.
Patted it for a minuto and hummed
"Hush-a-bye, Baby," although the child
wasn't making a sound.
Put it on her knee and joggled her knee
up and down, shook it iu front of her, holding it out at prm's length, and then hugged
it ecstatically three times.
Held it up to the window for the third,
time, and then, when tho conductor oame
after her fare, laid it in a lump on the scat
beside her.
Patted itsome moro, jogged it some more,
tossed it somo more, and flopped it down on
ils stomach again.
Held it out at arm's length, and gnzed at
it rapturously. Talked gibberish to it, and
hugged it somo mon.,
army headquarters in London, The plana
of theso most important defences of the
Indian Empire wero scoured by a Frenchman, who, under a German name, obtained
iployment as an engineer in tho British
India service. Last September ho obtained
leavo of absence at Rangoon, but when he
failed to return au investigation was mado,
which revealed hia treachery, Tho disclosure created great excitement in Rangoon and Bombay, nud there waB much
cabling between those cities and tho Home
Ollice in London, but it was a case of locking the stable door after the steed was
stolon.
The man who secured accurate plans of
the forlitioation of those four Indian ports
was known as Wald. His real name wub
Do Buiilanger, ami ho came r-f a prominent
filthily in Marseilles, He was educated for
tho army, and when still under ugo served
in Pondioherry, but a quarrel over a woman
forced bim to leavo tlio colony. He waB
transferred to Algiers, but soon tiring of
this hard life, ho camo book to India nnd
obtained a position as corresponding clerk
in a Bombay commercial house, Whilt
there ho tell in with some British olficersi
d, as he went by the name of Wald ami
claimed to bo a German, he was induced to
enlist in tlio Royal Artillery at Colaba,
Bombay. This was aix years ago. Ho was
assigned as gunner at Aden, and it was
noted then that ho spent much timo In his
room, making drawings and notes, all of
the latter belug in French, He was soon
transferred to Kurrachi, thon to Bombay,
aud finally to Monkey Point, Ringoon. Ho
was noted at each place for his close attention to work and his studious habits, At
Kurrachi ho gained a placo on the staff and
became chief clerk, which gave him unlimited opportunities for securing information
about the defences. Ho spoke English,
French, Herman, and Italian, and hia command of Hindustani and Burmese was porfoot. His labors in his room were supposed
to be supplementary to his regular work
and no one suspected that he was a Spy '
the service of France,
His disuppoaranco   coincided  with   the
departure of Mmo. N , a French woman
of Rangoon, and it is thoi.ght tlio couplo
loft together. At Bombay he bought two
tickets for Paris, but ho had already reached the French capital before suspicion was
aroused, as ho bad cunningly applied for
three weeks' furlough.
Europe's Armies.
International peace is not tho only thing
threatened by the armaments of Europe,
Each of the great Contiuontal powers haa
ita own festering social disorder, to whioh
ita standing army is a constant irritant.
War taxes and enforced military service are
nursing internal discontent which may
impel war before it has really been provoked.
Italy ia in that situation. The tremendous
strain of supporting her army must reach
the breaking point if it ia not soon eased.
That country may choose the horrors of war
as a means of preventing the miseries of
revolution. Germany, Austria-Hungary, and
1'ration are able lo maintain their huge
military establishment**, but at a cost not
entirely measured by the vaet financial outlay. Their armies have brought into existence swarms of Socialists and large mini*
bcrs of those criminal malcontents, the
Anarchists. The full fnrce of the reactiun
of tho armed peace upon society in the
countries maintaining that paradoxical
attitude is not to be gauged bv the visible
signs uf discontent. It is only tho more
indiscreet that in auch countries as Germany
oxprea* their spirit of tevolt against the
military taxes aud service in all those
countries, however, Socialism ia gaining a
strong foothold, and political leaders find it
necessary to bargain with It in order to
carry on government or effective opposition.
If tho twelve million able-bodied men
composing tiu armie3 of Europe should emigrate, their loss would be a great bonefitto
thc countries on whoso produce they are
now preying. If tbey Bhould leave the
camp and return to tho fiol Is and workshops
of their own omintries,they would probably
bring down the level of wageB appreciably,
but by their Btimulus to production they
would also bring down prices, and thus bal*
auce tlio tendency of lower wages to lower
the standard of living, Then tho production of wealth which had boen unproductive!)' consumed by the stauding armies
would bo available as capital to employ the
tabor released by the breaking up of the
armies. New enterprises would be started,
and though overproduction might result,
that condition would bo incomparably bet*
ter than the state of things subsisting at
present. Further, emigration still aUords
a safety-valve for super fluout labour. Just
now the military roquirmonU of Germany
incline her to discourage emigration, and at
tho samo time are an impulse to it. There
are other motives besides tho desire to escape military burdens and military service
that urge emigration. Artisans and labourers can got better wages in America or South
Africa than they can at homo, for though
tho army takes away many labourers from
indu-itry.it also takos away much capital,so
that thero is a smaller fund to be divided
among tho fewer workers.
A M\owi:i. ikt:.
f he Crystallised Hater Is Krnllf Blue, Rei
White.
Th* first anow of winter is always hailed
with mingled feelinga of pleasure and apprehension. The youngsters welcome it
with unalloyed delight, but their elders
realize that it is but she harbinger of many
and more severe atorma whioh will bring
misery to some and discomfort to all. But
even these oannot but admire the beauty
of the little crystala of water as they fall
so softly and gently from the skies. Evan
in the mass its pure whiteness and its soft
feathery character vive snow a charm
peculiarly its own, which has been celebrated in proverb and poem in all ages of mankind. It came rather aa a ahojk to learn,
as the realistic painters showed and the
philosophers corroborated, that the anow
was not white, but blue ; a faint and delicate blue it ia true, but one well marked in
deep ahaiowB and exactly that of water
when viewed in large masses. Pure water
In small bulk is almost perfectly transparent, but in large masses gives a distinctly
blue tint to white objects when seen through
it. So the whitonesa of tho snow, due to
interference of tho light by the reflection
and refraction of the innumerable facets of
minute crystala, la found to be tinged with
blue when theae interferences aro sufficiently numerous.
For snow is nothing more than crystallized water, and ita beauty in masa is Bur-
passed by the beauty of somo of the individual crystals which ratch on one's coat*
sleeve or fall on the ground, when examined
closely by the eye or, still -better, wheu
looked at through a magnifying glass.
Multitudes of forms of all degrees of com*
ploxity from the slender, straight needle to
the most complicated star-like figures have
been drawn and described, but in spite o*
thiB great diversity they are all absolutely
uniform in their primary design, that of the
hexagonal prism. The ordinary form is
that of six straight needles of tho ice
radiating from a common cente.% and the
straight needles occasionally seen aro regarded as broken or Incomplete specimens
of this class, but each of the these needles
is capable of throwing out other needlelike branches, alwaya at symmetrical distances and always at an angle of 0*} or 120
degrees. Occasionally little plates are seen,
but these also are invariably 6-sided planes
the angles of which are still 120 degrees.
What Ib the meaning of thia rigid adherence to a certain geometrical form? Evi
dently the result is the action of physical
force on the individual molecules which
mako up the crystals, and evidently also
this force is either all-pervading or else
inherent in the molecules themselves, for
the crystals figured by Arctic explorers
and those found in the mountains of tho
Andes are practically identical. There is
scarcely a possibility of a doubt that tho
force, whatever It Ib, which determines tbe
form of crystals U inherent iu the molecules of which the crystal is composed,aud,
perhaps, represents the position of the
atoms in the molecules themselves. The
theory of crystallization has been so elaborately worncd out that it is second only to
those of mathematics aud chemistry itself
in exactness. So accurate is it that the
crystalline form of a substance unknown in
other than a liquid oi a gaseous state, and
even that of a aubstance entirely unknown,
but whoBe existence is possible, can be predicted with accuracy. This is the lost and
greatest test of a scientific theory. To
most minds it is a complete proof of the
correctness of that theory.
Crystallized water assumes tho form of a
hexagonal prism, not from chance, but because it is compelled to assume that form
on account of its molecular arrangement,
due to the forms which the atoms thom
selves assume within the molecule or rather
to the restrictions of their several ranges of
movement through their mutual attractions.
This ia the basis of the present theory of
the formation of crystals, and it will be
seen that given iho character and number
of the atoms and their arrangement in a
molecule it is perfectly possible to predict
the range of tholr movement ina molecule
and thence the probable character of a
crystal whioh would bo built up of many
molecules. It ja ueodless to say that it is
unnecessary to carry the investigation of
any compound back to the atoms, and that
the fact of a certain number and character
of atoms having been established in the
molecules of any substance, it ia possible
at once to predicate the arrangement they
would assume and the crystalline form thu
molecules would take.
The little crystals which make up the
sno n are, therefore, the resultant of physical and chemical forces of the universe and
each represents in its perfect form the
unalterable character ofthe laws of nature,
whicli regulate alike the shape of tho greatest
globe of the earth aud the tiny feathery
flake which falls on a coat sleeve on a dark
winter day.
A Comedy of Errors.
i
Beggars swarm so iu Malta that the only
way to avoid being pestered by them is to
____-^-^-^-^-^_-^_        put out your hand  and  anticipate   them
And all Ibis while the oaf'was going 250 j with lheir  own  whining "Give mo some-
yurdo. thing,"   "Mo plenty poor man," "Mo vory
But, then, it was���hor firUl 1 largo family.'-*]
On tho island of St. George, one of tho
Fribiluf group in Behring Sea, tho breeding
of blue foxes has become very profitable.
They gencrute rapidly, and when an island
of good size once becomes veil stockod it is
titnpossible to deplete it, as thc law provide
that they must not bu shot, but trapped,
the restriction being imposed mainly to keep
betfl tame.
The cheapest way to got rid of rotting
tree-stuinp.1, if thero is no suitablo means
of pulling, ia to lioro a ono and a quarter
inch auger hole down the centre of tho
atmnp about eighteen inches deep, and put
in ono anil a quarter pound of saltpetre, fill
tho bole with water, and plug it tight, In
tlie spring tako out the plug, pour into
tho hole a halt-pint of orudo petroleum oil,
and set it on tire, Tho stump will burn
and smoulder to the ouds of tho roots,
leaving nothing but ashes,
FAMOUS METB0BI0  STONES-
The I.urKPst Known Weighs ,10,009 rounds
nnd Wus  I'ouml In   '.rt-rnlniiil.
A meteoric stone, which is described by
Pliny as being as large as a wagon,full near
.Kgospotami in Asia Minor in 407 H. C,
Abo it A. D. 1500 a stone weighing 1,400
fell in Mexico and ia now In the Smithsonian
Institution at Washington, The largest
meteoric masses on record were heard of
first by Capt, Ross, tho Arctic explorer,
through some Esqulm su. Those lay on the
west coast of Greenland and wero sub-
aequently found by the Swedish exploring
parly of 1870, One of thom, now in the
Royal Museum of Stockholm, weighs over
r-0,000 pounds and is tho largest specimen
known.
Two remarkable moteoritoshavo fallen in
Iowa within tho past twenty years. Fob. 12,
1H7"), anoxceodingly brilliant meteor, in the
form of an elongated horseshoe, was seen
throughout a region of at least 400 miles in
length and290In breadth, lying In Missouti
and Iowa. It is described ns "without a
tail, but having a lluwlng jacket of flame.
Detonations woro heard so violent aa to
shako tho oarth and to jar tho windows
like tho shock of an Barthquako," as it fell
about lO-.'IO p.m., a few miles cast of Marengo, Iowa. The ground fcr the space of
aom*i seven milea in length by two to four
milea iu breadth,was strewn with fragment!
of thia meteor varying in weight from a few
ouucea to aeventy-four pounda,
On May 10, 1H70, a largoand extraordinarily luminous meteor exploded with terrific noise, followed at slight intervals
with lcsa violent dotouationa and struck
the earth in the edge of a ravine near
Ksthorvillo, Emmet county, Iowa,penetrating to a depth of fourteen feet. Within
two miles other fragments wero found, one
of which weighed 170 pounds anil another
thirty-two pounds. The principal noss
weighed 431 pounds. All the discovered
parts aggregated about 640 pounds. The
one of 170 pounds is now in the cabinet of
the State University of Minnesota. Tho
composition of this aerollto iB peculiar in
many respects : but, ns in nearly all aerolites, there is a considerable proportion of
iron and nickel.
Itis generally held that moteors at one
timo or another formed integral parts of a
comet. The meteor enters the earth's atmosphere from without with a volocity
relative to tho earth that is comparable
with the earth's velocity in its orbit; which
js nineteen miles per second. Ry tho resistance it meeta in penetrating thu air, the
light and tho othor phenomena of the luminous train are produced, Many small meteor-
ites are undoubtedly consumed by this fire,
caused by friction, bofure they reach the
earth's surface.
Six anarchists have been expelled from
Huenos Ay res.
Tho Nova Scotia ship J.Y. Robblns is
reported ashore near Hakodate, Japan, und
will probably become a total loss. She was
owned by J. V. Robbins, and others of
Yarmouth, N.S. The vessel and freight
woro partially insure.!.
CHAPTER L
THI HKIUXSB.
Mrs. Farquhar was thirty yeara younger
than her husband. The fact, originally a
pleasure to him, became afterwards an
offence, and he quarrelled with her for oo
better reason. At least, so said Mr.
Xevili, his couain ; and so said every on*
at all acquainted with the harmless lady.
Old John Farquhar died at seventy-six,
and left his widow not one penny of money.
And her son, young John���aa good a boy
as ever was seen, a smart young soldier,
who had never offended his father till a
year ago, and then only by over-warm in*
tercession for his mother���found himself
cut down to a pittance of two hundred a
vcar. W hile, on the other hand, Mr.
Kevill's daughter, little Jessica, whom no
one knew, and who was totally insignificant, became the posieaaor of a house, and
a park, and a hundred thousand pounds,
It was bCMidalous.
Of course -gentle Mrs. Farquhar cried
herself ill, and said it waB all her fault; and
of course young John was aghast, and believed himself on the workhouse threshold.
Rut Mr. Nevill took the matter more to
heart than did cither, and his very bair
stood on end with dismay ; for ht wu an
extremely high-aouU-d gentleman,horrified to
think a member of bis household should pro*
fit by such monsttous injustice. Jessica at
this time waB eighteen, pretty, and tha
apple of ber father's eye ; rather a clever
littio person, who, having left school,wanted now to go to college. But she did not
understand money matters, and became,
under the present ciacumBtancea,just a little
annoying to her papa. For her remarks
were perfunctory and childish ; and
one moment sho waa building with
her wealth some extravagant castle In
Spain, and tho next clamoring to pack
it all up in a parcel, and send it olf by
post to her cousin John. Clearly, however,
there waa but one comfortable solution of
the difficulty ; the heiress must marry John
Farquhar, and so restore to him his inheritance, Thia project was the simultaneous
invention of both Mr. Nevill and the widow.
It waa propounded to John, who, after a
Httlu hesitation, and having no fancy for
the workhouse, agreed. Provisionally that
is: in Jessica's interest he inserted in the
treaty a saving clause. "If," he wrote,
"your daughter Ib perfectly willing; at
present, and when wo shall have become
acquainted."
"Very proper," commented Mr. Nevill \
could not be more proper. Every word
John says is admirable. You are to be
congratulated on your husband, Jessica.
Sit down, my dear, and write him a cordial
response,"
Jessica obediently took a pen and wrote
My dear Cousin," with a full stop after
" What, my love, is the matter I" inquired her father,
Jessica throw down the pen and began
to cry.   Then it oame out,
"I don't want to marry John Farquhar,"*
sobbed Jessica,
Nevill bit hiB lip impatiently de*
(minded reasons, and Jessica found it
supremely hard to make them intelligible.
" I don't want to marry till I'm at least
twcnty-olght papa. I shouldn't mind If I
wero an old maid.   I want to go to Girton,
fapa; and to be���to be cultured. I mean,
want to be superior."
You must try to ex-proas yourself more
clearly," said Mr. Nevill,
" Papa," said Jessica, who till this
moment had imprisoned her aspirations
in her breast, and who though she
loved her father dearly, was not muoh
in tho habit of talking to him���"papa,
Lady Sterne waB married at my age,
and now she is so stout, and has so
much to do, and she alwayB seems so tired
of her husband, mid so tired of babies, and
every one thinks her so stupid."
"You have not yet made your meaning
clear, Jessica," said Mr. Nevill,
" I should much rather bo like dear Mill
Snow, who Ib always bo nicely dressed, and
who roads so much, and writes for the
Sunday at Home, papa. 1 mean, what is
the good of marrying at all ?" cried Jessica.
"And if ever I clo get married,-1 want to
marry a���person���whom I esteem and���
worship."    Here Jessica colored.
Mr. Nevill explained that she was at full
liberty to worship John Farquhar, but that
she muat not koep him ten years waiting
for hia money ; and thon he advised her to
go on with her letter.
Jessica tried again, " But John Far*
quhar steins quite an ordinary person,papa,
and I don't suppose I bIiuII find it the least
possible to esteem and to worship bim."
"Then you hnd better love him," said
Mr. Nevill dryly--"that will do as well.'
Jessica grew vory pink. "Papa, I
could only esteem and worship and���and"
���here she blushed furiously���" love any
ouo who was quite my ideal in every single
way."
Mr. Nevill put on his spectacles and star*
ed. "Jessica, are you thinking of Mr.
Hobson ?"
(Mr, Hobson, the curate, had made a sudden nrospOBal for Jessica two months ago,
aud had been declined with a few tears.)
" l'apa, you know I hate Mr, Hobson."
" I know nothing of the sort," said her
father testily, "Are you thinking of Sir
Edgar Lee?"
" Papa, Sir Edgar has never so muoh aa
asked tne, and 1 hate him worse even than
Mr, Hjbaon,"
���' Of whom are yon thinking j"
" I am not thinking of anyone."
Excuse me, my dear,   You called him
your ��� ideal,' I think."
" He isn't any one," murmured Jessica,
Oh, a figment of  fancy ? Then I  can't
allow him to bo a rival to John.   A fancy
is of no importance,"
Oh, papa, it is ! it is ! And, besides,
you want to upset my wholo life. I am not
ouo of those girls who are always talking
and imagining about -falling in love.' I
think all lhat ia such nonsense.   I want to
f;o to Girton as Flora Williams did, and
earn a great, gru it deal, and���and be sen*
Bible. Oh, I oan't explain," ended poor
Jcssjea, in despair.
" My dear," said Mr. Nevill, "falling In
lovo is not nonsense. It ia very serious ;
especially to women, who aro judged chiefly
by the way they do it, They loach nothing
about it at Girton, I think ? That Is my
hii-f reason for not sending you there. But
ell this is irrelevant. You need not study
the question in tho abstract. You are to
marry your cousin John, and the aooner
you fall in love with him the better.
Write your lotter, my love."
Jessica could not mako her lather understand that he waa trampling on the
finest sprouts of hor delicate soul. She
submitted ; and in the summer John
Farquhar waa to come lo Nevill Lodge
to mako bis botrothed bride's acquaintance.
Now, it must bo confesaod, the yoonfr
man did not altogether like the part be
was playing in this affair, for he felt
himself turned into an object of compassion, thc role least suited to an Eng*
lishman ; and, moreover, the male animal
relinquishes with a bad grace his privilege
of wooing. Still, he hoped for the belt,
having heard that Jessica was pretty ; and
he was enamored of getting his position re*
stored and his few debts paid ; besides
which, ho wanted to please hia mother and
to make her comfortable. For John wai
loinantically dovoted to his mother, and
alio waa iu ill health, and altogether unfit
to cope with poverty and disappointment
The wedding was fixed for the auumn,
and the cousins were to be introduced in
the summer. Just now it was spring. And,
alas 1���
In thc spring n young inan'H fancy lightly turns
tu thought*; of love,
John Farquhar, the encaged man, wai not
sufficiently alive to thia springtime danger
in which ho stood.
(TO BR t'OSTINHBD.) THE WEEKLY NEWS, JAN. 24 ,1894.
TflS WEEKLY HEWS
Published   Every Wednesday
At  Courtenay,   B.   C.
By Whitney & Co.
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on file in his office.
Wniliiesday, Jan. 24,1894
In looking over our books we find that
many of our subscribers ure in arrears,
some of them for many months. Newspapers can not be run on credit, and we
must urge all who know themselves to
be indebted to us to at once forward the
amount.
Editoral   Notes.
On the first of February the mighty
power of Niagara will be utilized lor electrical purposes. It will be a great day
fnr all cities and important towns within
a radius of 300 miles. They will all be
lighted by the Niagara plant. The trans
mission of power for such a distance, indeed, seems marvelous, but with the giant dynamos provided and the immensiiy
of the power to be used, tbe difficulty
vanishes, Within the ratlin-; mentioned
nij-ht can be turned into day from a single point, the wheels of thc manufactory
turned, the farmers grain threshed, and
the household cradle rocked by thc same
unseen but potent agency.
Tbe delay in the assembling ofthe Dominion Parliament is undoubtedly owing
to the fact that the American Congress is
engaged in the work of tariff reform, and
that it is desirable to know the tariff
schedule of ihe Wilson Hill as it shall finally be passed. The reform of the tariff will be the most important question
which will come before the Dominion
Parliament this winter and the Government stands pledged to meet friendly tariff legislation on the part nf the United
States step by step. The Wilson Hill
will be passed in a few weeks, and we
trust without important amendment so
far as raw material is concerned, in which
case our own tariff can be modified to
thc altered circumstances.
One of thc most hopeful signs of the
times is the formation of societies for thc
investigation of inebriety. We don't re
quire argument or facts or figures to convince us that tt is an evil. We have object lessons enough on every hand to illustrate that. Hut the better opinion now
is that it is a disease, and if that be a fact
moral or religious influence alone will not
effect a cure. There must be physical
treatment. The society recently organized in Huston, wiih the Rev Minot J. Savage at its head, and thc one in New York
which has for its honorary President.Car-
dinal Gibbons, propose to organize in
every state so as to effect a universal
study cf inebriety, and the means for its
cure. Hypnotism, the Keely treatment
as well as all other methods will be examined and every line explored which
will shed any light upon the subject.
THE JEWELER.
A much needed novelty recent// brought
out la a silver rest (or a ten balk
A new mnnntlnit of pearls ou a round
brooch In on the end of gold Iptkea ate ulos*-
ly tog,'..hor.
From Euypt cam** little Idol* earvwl la
Invallke Htoun. These are uaed m amulet*.
They p-uu for anti-jut**.
Perfornuxl silver receptacles ar* taking ft
aew start, and are prettier than aver.
Without bsiug AlltfnN, they appruoch Ita
dt-ltoauy.
It Is Interestlnfi to sm the new ways silversmiths haw of attaching tmndli-s to objects. Wherever It Is possible to do so
these are vsrlul In their points of eoutoub
Sword clmtW-ili.es art eim<dtn-*ly attractive. Tin* chain on which the device la
attached hangs as the ofHct-r-s sword ntr*in
hang. Thu auahbanl Is broad and ouvt-ml
with repou-uMi work.
A most curious fancy Is the giving ni gold
safety pins as brUltwmalda' and wedding
presvuts In England. At a ruct-ut wnldiiig
gold wifely pins witb the bride'a Initial on
thom was bur ��ift to thu brldemiiRlda.
There Is certainly a fancy for oriental
Jewelry among women of tante and fuuey,
for the two ure dl-.iii.cu The uae nf Amulets lu Jewelry appeals to many women. A
necklet won recently seen of pearl and gold
beads from which were auapeiidt-d Uvh jiwle
atones set with rubies and emeralds.���J-ow-
fliers' Circular.
\
Until 1
Mrvad WSS tha sw-Mteat and tha tM*t<
Maud gsvo 111/ heart the must unmitj
Ol all maids Maud waa ioYt-li���t���
Until I mat Nasi
Then was sweat Nan ths falraat maM-
Beanty was hers that nu'er oould fadst
Girl of the aupe*l��c��t gratia**-
Uoi.il I met Fonl
t Then���I'll conft***a It bold and htm
1*1 Fan was ths maid of mttirt. to 10*4
,*��� Down by ths ratti.***- suralim esft���
i Until I nut i-oal
Vow I would awear that you art baa*
I      You fin* my heart tha nn-at unraott
too ore by far tlwi lovellaau
I awear I'll ba Uwj���
UaUl���I
An Interesting Lecture.
Delivered Recently at the Bay Bead
ing* Room by the Rev. J. B.
Higgins of Union��� Canada Haa
a Goodly Heritage Bursting With
Mineral Wealth��� Thinga Necessary for Ita Development��� Pertinent Questions Aaked��� Liquor
the Ashea of Food���What Statistics Teach��� Physiological Effects
Considered,
The lecturer stated, at the very outset,
it was not his intention tn speak unkindly, much less sarcastically, or those en*
(���'iK'-il in the traffic. His quarrel wns
not with the men but with the business.
The hotel-keeper may look upon his calling as a necessary evil. When men like
Mr. Stead and the Rev. Dr. Ka'msford
err, onc can easily understand the keeper
of a first class saloon looking upon his
business as respectable and even honorable. Mc would ask every individual
present to set aside all bias and bow before lhe shrine nf eternal truth. Almighty
Ond has gp en Canadians.indecd.a goodly heritage--��� 2,229,106.447 acres, besides a lake and river surface of about
700,000 square miles. This land is, to
use the words of Lord Duffertn/'bursting
in a thousand localities with mineral
wealth".
Three things are necessary for the
healthy development of this almost infinite wealth, viz., capital, labor, and the
mutual and harmonious co-operatinn of
both. If the liquor traffic either is, or
assists honnrabte labor, or if the capital
invested in it gives a righteous equivalent to the community, or even if It is a
means of closing up the breach, or ending this sort of civil war between capital
and labor, then it is the friend of progress
otherwise it is not only an enemy but an
enemv but an enemy whose past, present
and future business is to deceive and betray.
Are the 1,696 persons engaged in the
distilleries and breweries -M the Dominion really productive laborers? Are the
150,000,000 bushels of grain annually con
sumed in distillery and brewery converted intn food? Does the $15,554,990 buried in the manufacture and sale of intoxicating liquor yield a proper interest? All
these questions were answered in the
negative. Liquor is not a food such ns
milk, gives to the different parts of thc
body, casine.'salts, f.tt and sugar, but the
ashes of fond. Alhohol, unlrss in combination with sugar, does not even make
fat
If alcohol shows no trace of being a
food then laborers engaged in productive
industries must support those engaged in
its manufacture, and capital invested in
legitimate manufacture and trade must,
bear its burden. Even if it be granted that
alcohol is a medicine tbe case is not altered, for all that would be used in that,
and other ways, could be made in the
laboratory. The case stands worse thnn
this. The traffic is the cause of crime.
According to Mr. George Johnson, Dominion Statistician 87 of every hundred
convicts are drinkers moderate or immoderate.
Nor is it true that the minor crimes are
committed by persons who use intoxicating liquors whilst a larger proportion of
the more serious is committed by those
who are not drinkers.
From the official report of 1891 one
finds that of 36 cases of forgery,.!? were by
nv derate drinkers, 9 by immoderate
drinkers, and not one by a teetotaler.
Crime costs Canada $1,500,000 annualy
and the greater part is chargeable to
the liquor traffic Insanity costs Canada
$2,500,000, counting loss of productive
labor on the part of the insane and those
wbo wait upon them, and of these three-
fifths is chargeable to the same traffic.
In the light of such figures as these those
can not but be right who sny,"Give us a
sober people and the traffic will take care
of itself.
The lecturer then described the circulation of thc blood and thc action of alcohol upon its corpuscles and fibrine.
Anything which in such a thorough-going way injures the blood must injure not
only the brain, liver and kidney, but the
whole body.
The different stages of inebrlUm were
then described and the interference nf
alcohol with the oxidatiou and waste of
the tissues ofthe body. This causes imperfect arterialization and blond thus
contaminated always acts perniciously
upon the brain. In fact the pain thus
caused is most agonizing and drives its
victim to deeper drinking still. The man
iacal excitement is again produced but it
is no longer pleasant nnd agreeable.
\V;th carbonic acid in the brain, nnd tbe
system at large surcharged with effete
matter, the intoxication takes the form of
distracting frenzy. The carbonic acid
and urea simply play with the neive centers.
Every trait of true manhood is now
rent, every bond of affection broken.
"The tiger will spare bis own, but the
drunken mnn, thoroughly besotted, often
times will nol. Alchnhol, through the be
numbing properties belonging to il, at
this slaRe.may act as a chloroform,and relieve tbe intense headache, but when it is
eliminated tbe cephnlic distress is worse
than ever. To escape from this tho poor
victim drinks deeper until the stomach re
fuses tn respond in function or retain any
thing whatever. The system then disposes nf the nlcohohol but the chemical poison remains.
The drunkard's misery is now beyond
description, Everv sensible fibre is in
a quiver of uncontrollable excitement,
antl the song of a bird would thrill the
whole frame. Cruelty and the disposi*
tion to inflict pain no longer exist. On
the contrary the rights and feelings of all
are respected, and the nature sympathetic.
The three classes of drunkards were
then described and spasmodic or periodic class taken as a type. His brain in*
sufficiency, his overpowering desire for in
toxir.ation, a desire springing from disease, were explained, as well ns the alcn*
holic predisposition which he hands
downs to bis unborn child.
The authorities cited were Dr. T. L.
Wright, Dr. B- W. Richardson, Sir H.
Thompson, Physician to the Queen, and
Sir Andrew Clark, Physician to Mr.
Gladstone.
Kit. Keversws���What made yon tell me
be waa the carver of his own fortuna when
he got avu-y dollar ht has by marrjlug aa
btlreeef
NaTerast���Hs bad to cut ont half a dosen
fellows ta gat km, dlda't btf-Buffalo
Court** ______
A Long Walk
Cobbla-Btlter baa Invented a
that he says is a great suocssa
Sum*  Hi-ihamadsanasoMwta yalf
CobWe-No.   Hs U waiting to fat av
oo* to go up U U.-Detroit Ate Prat
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Esquimalt and Nanaimo Ry.
Steamer Join
J. E. BUTLER,  MASTER,
On and after Mar. 22nd, 1893
The Steam'T JOAN will sail mt follow.
CALLINO AT WAY P0HT8 �� puMngera
And fraixht m,jr offer
Lonvo Victoria. Tuead���y, 7 ��. m.
I*  Nanftlniii for Comox. Wodno��lor, 7 .. m
Uftvo Comox for Naii.iuio,      PrliUyi, 7..m.
4       Nanaimo for Victoria    Saturday, 7..m
For freight or state rooms apply on
board, or at thc Company's ticket office,
Victoria Station, Store street.
Esquimalt & Nanaimo R'y.
Time  Tabl��   No.  17,
To Uke effect tt 8.00*. m. on Friday
September 30th. 1899. Train, run
on Pacific Standard Time.
X
h
b*9
o-*
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c 2
gs
3
o
���nissirrasHSHs = jj
lf*iTs('sS'8��vraas>i'**i*a
2��a ���oooooeaa...
1*-::"""" iisa
���Mgx. uij "Jh i .->*.; b? ��'- as Bams *
to
:3M . .
s'j-:*"
ip S*"g?3f3<*- 5 s
piaisiip��*iii * I
��ia <"j ��iih : ���-=aasaR3"-*�� r s
X
No. 4
Passenger
Saturdays
Sundays
S<: : : : i : i : :   II   :   !
fc-s
5I
���ss
as5SS��?ia;   ass
nMHna.....,Aa   eo io
 h
00
ir. <
t.
** ?&
6 S*-i
3;;    ! i i i;   : ; :*-
o ��
o
8S3l*3Ji;*iBM5.'*J8S ��3
..aaaaa.oeao-H     w
��� .- I : : : , :   .- : , ^0^
On Saturdays and Sundays
Roturn TickaU will ba laausd bstwsoa all
polsia for a fars and a quarter, row. forrs*
tarn not later Lhsn Monday.
Rstarn Tlokefes for ess and a half ordinary
fars may bs pnrckaned dally to all points,
good for Hr*D days, Inelndlng day of Isana,
Ko Rsknra Tloksts iMnsd for a fars aad a
qaartor wbsrs ths slagls far* Is twsatyflv*
scats.
Tbrvagb Mtss bstwsaaTUrtwtasatCaaiox.
A. DUK8MUIR, JOSBPH HtTHTIR.
Presides 1 Qtml 8i��t,
U.K. PRIOR.
Osa. frslgbi aad Passsaasr Ad
Riverside Hotel
Courtenay B C
J. J, Brant, Proprietor
The Hotel is one ofthe best equipped
on thc Pacific Coast, and is situated at
the mouth of the Courtenay River, between Union and the larje farming settlement of Coniox.
Trcut aie plentiful in the river, and
l-irge game abounds in the neighborhood
The liar connected with the hotel is
kept well supplied  with the best wines
ind liquors.   Stajge connects  with all
Steamers.   Terms moderate
Fruit Trees
Mainland Nursery *
*      Ladners Landing 13. C.
A large supply of three antl four year old
JL-P^rj-S THBE3
Also Pears Plumes, Prunes, and Peaches
Ornamental trees for lawns and grass
plots.   Small fruits,   shrubs   and evergreens of every variety.
E, Mcheson,
Ladners Landing,
B. C.
Wood i Miller
UNION, B. C.
Having Added to their Own
the
Splendid Livery Outfit.
of R. Grant and Co
Are Prepared to furnish  Sty-
ish  Rigsat  Reasonable Rates
Give them a call.
T. C. Woods
Comox B.  0.
Conducts a General
Teaming   and Livery Business
His Stage Runs to Union and
Returns Thursdays.Saturdays.
and Sundays.
Nanaimo Machine forks
01*
Robert J, Wentora-
Fraser Street
Near Bastion Street Bridge
Nanaimo' B. C.
All Kinds of Machinery made to order
and repaired.
Nanaimo Cigar Factory.
Philip Gable, Proprietor.
atton   Strait      ���    Nanaimo B. 0.
* Manufactures   the   finest   cigares,
employing none but white labor.
Why purchase inferior foreign cigars,
when you can obtain a SUPKKIOR ARTICLE for the same money?
vVARNING
All prnom driving over tha wharf
or liridgn in Comox diitrict fa.tri
th,a a walk, will br proaecuted accord
ng to law.
fi. Or��ch
Got. Ag��nt.
A. C. Fulton
Butcher
Sandwick and Union
Has always on hand a
choice stock.
Fresh Beef, Mutton, Veal, Pork
at Lowest Prices.
Nanaimo  Saw Mill
��� and,_���
Sash and Door Factory
A n.al.m. Prop. Kill St., 1-0 Be. JS, T.1.11
Nanaimo B. C.
A complete stock nf Rough and Dressed
Lumber always on hand; also Shingles,
Laths, Pickets, Doors, Windows and
Blinds, Moulding, Scroll sawing, Turning
and all kinds of wood finishing furnished
Cedar,     White   Pine,     Redwo.d.
All orders accompanied withCASH prompt
ly and carefully attended to.
Steamer F-stell
Harbor and ontiidt towing dona at
blc rates.
a
COURTENAY HOUSE,
COVETEHAT, B.O.
Tha leading hotel in Oomox diitrict.
New land handsomely furnished,
excellent hunting and nahing close
to town. Tourist! oan depend on
first-class accommodation. Seasonable rates. Bar supplied with tha
choicest liquors and cigars
R. Graham, Propr.
0. H. Beevor-Potts
Solicitor, Notary Public. Coiiveyani'ing
in all ils branches. Office Commercial St, Nanaimo.
Yarwood & Young,
Hamsters, Solicitors, &c. Office Cnr.
Huston and Commercial St., Na*
naimo, U. C.
HILBERT&SON
Funeral Directors and Emiui.mkks
flm-Juntos of lho Orli-ittal, Kurckn,
anil I'nitf'l riuiti-H Colltwa of Km-
b-iltnli.il *
Nanaimo,, It. C.
d* - $io und $20, Genuine Confederate
���P J tBills onlv five each; $50 and $100
bills 10 cents ench; $1 and $2 bills 251'cnts
each. Sent securely settled on receipt of
price. Addrest, Chas. D. Barker, 90
S- Forsyth St., Atlanta, Ga., U. S. A.
The Nanaimo Pharmacy
Nanaimo B. 0.
W. E. Mc Cartnev Chemist,
Manager.
Pure Drags Chemicals and  Patent
Mf-dicinfs.
l'bytlcans P rosciptloni and all orders AIM
with caro and diirpatcb, ]��. 0. box 12
Wm Mathewson.
will deliver dally at
UNIOK
and during warm weather twice a day
Pure Milk from His Ranch
And also will deliver to his custome
daily  Fresh  Eg      Butter,  Vegetables.
Poultry, etc.
Farmers having above for sale or delivery should consult him.
Passengers carried to and from Union.
McKenzie
���and ���
McDonald
Courtenay, B. C.
General Blacksmithing
and Horse Shoeing.
Loggers' Work a Specialty.
UNION Bakery
UNION, B.C.
Best of Bread, Cakes and
Pies always  on hand.
The Bread Cart will   be at
Courtenay and Comox Tuesdays and Fridays.
Adderton & Rowbotham, Prop
For Sale
521 Acres of Choice Land,
��� and ���
0 Horaea, 100 Sheep, and 90 Oow.
together with
S Mowing Machine., 1 Steel Boiler
1 Heaping Machine, 1 Seed Sowar,
1 Drill Sowar, 1 Spring wagon, and
Double Wagon.
Title deede ean ba aeen in ray poa-
aaaaion.
Q B Leighton
At tha Bay, Oomox, B. 0.
Blacksmithing an   Repairing
of all kinds
Carriage Work and Horseshoeing ��� specialty
F. W. Hart
Manufacturer,   Importer,  Wholesale
and  Betail  Dealer    In
njTVXrXTTJ-IKB
C��aPBI��,    LIHOI.EUM, Oil. CLOTH    AMU
- HOUSE     FURINISHINC -
**3T Largest E,ta*>u��neai ofiukied.
��-i4 Cordova. St Vancaarr B. C
"Bargains that are Bargains."
We have a Bargain Counter that is the leading topic of interest among the Ladies in Nanaimo. It is really remarkable
how cheap we have put in all the goods thereon. If you want
a cheap dress, jacket, water-proof, etc., this month, you
should take the next boat to Nanaimo and look the matter up.
We are honest about this and don't want one of our customers
to neglect this special sale.
Sloan & Scott, Nanaimo, B. C.
'?
Wm. K. Leighton.
Fire ancl Life Insurance Agent.
Royal London and Canadian
Phenix of Hartford
London and Lancashire
Confederation  Life.
Green Block,  Nanaimo.
^CQ-TJILL A--*-***" <-fc O-JL^LOH-B
COURTENAY, B.C.   .
Having bought out the Stage, Team and Livery Outfit of
John W. Fraser will continue the business at the old stand.
���fa.    We have also purchased a carload of Lake coal and will
deliver it at a reasonable figure.
Orders may be left at the news' Office.
a   i       aegggrrwE���I ,       i      i         ���aaaaggja saggg^g 1 i^
W. J. Young. F. F. Scharschmidt.
CO UR TEN A Y P HARM A G Y.
�� PURE DRUGS & PATENT MEDICINES -��
Also Fancy Toilet Articles
TOBACCO  A.TXT}  CIGARS.
Tits Orut Bad/Hah Ihe wit wondcrfe)
illfluoTery ofthe s%t, Kndo.ik.-d by iclenUtlc men
i f-Siiropeaod America. Bn4-rah,pur-.lyve*[��*
table. Stopi
ITemat -m n-. is
of U*��d ���cli*. t-o
***p *B laMd*.ja,ourt-e
Lost
LCona if paHon, j
.IiMbHmm.IWU.1
Bins Ben hUohs;!
Urtrenftiieufl,ii.-*��
tIxokim and
Mi-oiii ton-��the entire iyrtem. amm
Hud-ran curea Debility, Ncnrniume-i, EmUilooa,
i. id 'luTr-lot-ai ai.-) rwioree wwlt on-nii". Pain*
In the back, 1o--*m by day ot night are --topped
-ju.ckl?. Over 2,000 prJvtileond.tnieni**ni6.
rremuturetM-B meana Impotent-? lu the Ant
rtfire. ItcaiibeiLoppcdiu-MdaytibrUicuaeof
llndj-an.
Th-i new dfaftmrywM made by the Special*
M-igftliooM r-uniiua llunawn Hcdleal Inatl*
iut*��. IttttheatronRcttt vlUllser made. Ilia
v ry powpifiU, b.t bannlim Bold for M.00 a
tw-'kagoor 0 packigta f<*r H.tQ (plain aealcd
b'txei). Writteiif*aarantt-eKlr��nr<iracnre. If
y<>ul-uyilzboiet*irnd i.ra rot entirely cured,
���Jx lni-rewlllbeienttoyoQfMeof allchatnw
Bend ftirclreulani and teatlmnnlaU, Addraaa
HtTDHON MKDUJAL INBTZTCTE,
1032 Market 8t, San Fraodaco, OaL
2. -D. McLean
Jeweler, Bookseller
and Dealer in
Organs, Pianos, Music
Stationery, and Notions oi all kinds.
Union   Mines, B  C.
Eureka  Bottling Works,
LOUIS LAWRBSTCE, PROPjMETOB,
         MANUKACTUKKK Or
80DA  WATER,   LEMONADE,   GINGER   ALE,
Sarsaparalla and Champagne Cider, Iron Phosphates, Syrups,
Bottler of Different I)rand-t of Lijer Beer Steim Beer and Porter.
Ajtent for Union Brewery Company.
Nanaimo and Courtenay B.  C.
UNION  MINES
FURNITURE   ESTABLISHMENT
   A  Full  Line of Everything  _ 	
BUILDERS  and CONTRACTOR
W UNDERTAKING  IN ALL IT3 BRANCHE8
JGrant and McGregor Props. -
Anley & Smith.
COMOX ind UNION B. C.
Dealers in All Kinds of Meats, Vegttables, etc.
Orders Filled on Short Notice.
ft,
li
-'     I

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