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The Weekly News Feb 21, 1894

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 G. A McBain Co
re 1 Estate Brokers
Nanaimo,  B. C.
V?C**l \fr+.'mm>
7*
I.
G. A. McBain * Co.
Real Estate Brokers
��*% Nanaimo, B. C.
?
NO. 67.
COURTENAY, COMOX DISTRICT, B. C. WEDNESDAY, FEB. 21,1894.
$2.00 PER YEAR
���'.
l!
TjnETIOiT, 33- O-
has a fine assortment of
Oils, Boots,
Paints, Shoes,
Crockery, Tobacco,
Hardware, Clothing,
Glassware, Groceries,
Gentlemen's Furnishings
���- Ancl so on ���*���
We also take orders for custom made suits.
Give us a call and we will try and please you.
SH/,*. R9TATF.
MARCUS WOLFE,
financial and General Commission Broker,
ROOM  II, JOHNSTON  BLOCK, NANAIMO, B. C
AGENCIES REPRESLXTED,
Canada Permanent Loan and Savings Gompano. Toronto.
Citliena- Bqilding Society of Nanaimo,'
Scottish Union and National Insurance Company.
Hartford Fire Insurance Company.
Union Fire Insurance Company of London, England.
Eastern Fire Assurance Company, of Halifyx.
Great Western Life Assurance Co., of Winnipeg, Man.
Money to Loan on Improved Farm Property.
1 *������ ������������'���'HI ! ���*? .ll��Bl'l' j ltll*l.*-��a��B��aMj**MMBMMWM
The IptaWe Life Assurance Society.
120 Broadway, New York.
The largest  and strongest Company inthe
World.
Assets
Surplus over all Liabilities
INSURES THE LIVES
OF
<t 153,060,05200
���P    31,189,1115.00
MINERS.
n event of death undeJ any circumstances, the heirs receive full face value of policy.
At the end of 10, 15 or 20 years, the money paid is returned with large interest.
A. W. Taylor. Victoria, B. C- Special Executive.
Charles St. Morris, Victoria, B C. Provincial Manager
ssurance
HEAD OFFICE, MONTREAL.
One of the Largest and Strongest Companies
in Canada
Gives the Most Liberal Contract and Pays the Largest Dividens
Assets $3,403,700.20
Reserve lor the Security of Policy Holders    $2,988,320.08'
Surplus over all Liabilities $307,428.77'
J X. Crane, Oen'l Agant, Victoria, B. 0.     L. ***. Fauquier,Special Agent
We Carry thc Largest Stock
���    of   ���
erchandise
in British Columbia.
Simon Leiser, Proprietor,
Miss M. Roy has charge of our dress Department. All work done in this Department guaranteed to give satisfaction.
COMOX; BO.
Flour Ac 7t��d Dry Oooda
Farm Produce Boot* A Shoes
Fancy Groceries Hardware
Crockery* Glassware Faint & Oils
��� Oeatc Furnishing*
Fataat Medicine*
Stationery
wallpaper
Sportsmens Supplies a Speciality
Union Clothing Store
Union,  B. C.
Ha'J ust received a fine Assortment of English Worsteds for
Sui ngs.   Also Keep Ready Made Clothing, Hats, Shoes and
GENTS FURNISHINGS.
^�� The Tailoring Department is in charge of D. McLeod,
which is a guarantee of perfectly fitting garments and the best
of workmanship.
Wm. K. LeightQO.
Fire and Life Insurance Agent.
Royal London and Canadian
-   Phenix of Hartford
London and Lancashire
Confederation Life.
Green Block,  Nanaimo,
Dr W J Our-ry
'( 1) KNTI8T. ) .
Green's Btock���-nenr Post Office���Nanai
n>o. Any number of teeth removed
without pain and without the use of
Ether of Chloroform'. ���
Rams for Sale.
For Sals two fine youig Rams ( South
Downs).
Apply to
Ce*. Howe,
Cejiiiox, n. C.
THE TATTLER.
Mra. Daniel I-nnmut nnn given her cot*
taia* on lAirrciito irihuid, Maine, tbe title of
Blueberry IMtlne,
.Mm Qrover Cleveland is very fond of
nnintatir tln-ntritnlB, altkouuh ihe never
ink*-*- pjtrt In thum.
Mm. Walter Dnmrm-cb to tbe fortnnate,
or oubwwiw owner of (10 do-sen fork* Tbey
weru all wedding gifts.
Mm, William Chnnte, president of tha
Woman'* Exchange, Ik fund of jewnlry nud
we-ars a tf'-wi many ring*-, nil cont.-y iinea,
Mm, U. A. Grunt hos* a brooch, bracelet
nnd cm ruin**- mwla of wood Frum thetrc-i
tinder which !,��-.-nUmkI wheu htfBurreuderud
his i-ui-ni to CJcm-rnl Grunt,
Mm. Ituglnaltl de Koven Is pretty and
win-tome -su-Hi^l) to inspire any man to
write milHiu, No wonder her hunl-and
������ivw* the world wu-*h i-lmriulnq imdoditut. *
Mm. P. Mnrion Crawford In nn anthual*-*
ii-uic wiUor nnd nccomp-iiiles her liunband
on mnnyof hUyaobtlug oxpedltloiia. She
ih nlso au tu-uoiuplUlH-d linguist uud um-
-ticitui.
So vnlnnble am hor Jewels that Mm. Pot-
it-r Palmar never attends a Imil or parry of
nny kind to which she wean*, them without
n prtvaUi detective to form part of  bur
WtCI.lt.
Mm. Ilnrthnlomow, wife of the chief Jns-
���irt', has in-t-ii appointed by Governor Short-
tidy.e as corresponding imeretary Hor North
Dakota of .he National Society or Charities
and Corn-vtlona,
MIm (J race Hawthorne, daughter of the
well known writer, hut famous pedwtrlun
..ml thinks nothing of 11 Hi mill* walk���not
in-torn l,n-".kl��*-t pi-i-Ji.*ips, but uny time bo-
twfeii i-unri-*** mid Hiiiiitet,
Mm. Sophia Wnnulrof Shcborpan, Mich.,
hft*-���.'lowii rich hy a pitmli.-ir ii.tinntry. Hite
Ln iit a kim works several yearn a-jound sold
it t.i lint town ntHf<ivntnuviincti. Nowubtl
is building tho villuye waterworks.
Mm. Charles Brig h, wife of the cclcbrnt*
od pruft-Mwr of thtfOloKy, i�� nn action ipllobi-d
uiuhIcU.ii, as are her two daughter--*. All
three studied nt Lul.---.la aud hnve ittrnctcd
much atlctilluo by ih-*lr marked ability.
Mm. SUflhi I). Conger, wife of ��x Senator
0. I). Cougor of Michigan, died recently,
and her Will leavea him the sum of jtl.r-4)a
mouth, ami makes prnvEaimi for his funeral
and for the erection of a lultable uiutm-
iiif-iit over bis remnlua.
A MEMORY OF LOIS.
���Tl-r Any Whan Liitfl wnllM-1 wttb tat
"; ���"���rt'-fntipr ��**������� ww* hint*.
''���:* Tii-f wiMhlnt-on ��ht�� >��� n>***ij�� wall
ltad*fnun-l lisaninmn ho*.
In tf'-wn of (-tmsaTtn-r ���rtrvrn ami rase,
Ti'lth OTidet*l-**'i,f**'if itii.i*,
V nil nklu In l���***- and a-**>u*c fi-Ma
And boOu-a liim anct ifci.L
IJi-r low iirtntMVl hstr wm Jtw-t tli* shads
ttf fall-m **ht*-*lhui tny"--..
T.-.f fih'aki* of i--��imTv Mi<-nkhMU
-Are not more rtK ihiwi hars.
ll -rternml %bt mushrounw allowed tbalv
��P* ..*���
Tu wiriThsr wym at hrnirn,
At-d foroht* liKik tiic��|-.-!-iU|-H--a
._    T'lf orrhaiil bunulis beiil 'liiwn,
A ttloimin of tli-t t-nrly fait
Thai UUI ilayH wnUld rhlll-
Ih-ai   Rrlrl,  wj-Tii*will-re llu*** aym   QMMt
near
A -d**i! in of ttmnnitir uttl-L
Ttio rank w*��ls rbiika tho ott-banl war
Whin*** oncw We want anl vain;
And in-.irv-.-i nukf the ni*rlilc Kruj*
That l->n-| liiv.* borni) her bani--,
I!i:t with s-ic'i rti.l Sr-itcmUit dan
Am Uiln ��-uK(*f| w!;|, irw,
HJm* Hits t-e.'orn my i-luon now, j
A tm,>i>r iiiamtir*f. '
���Oora A. Mi-win in lL'i>rlii'>fl��td Itetfibltoao.
ThaO-reat UudynBhtheinnat wonderful
ilf-iot-very of thn ago. Kodoiseil by sclenti'lo bi��u
ifEuTOj-aaudjUneil-ji. ���ady*htpar<*]y v-i-f*-
table. Stops
PraioAt-D-n'ni
oftbad-Kha (*e
ln20dRj��,car<*a
Lesl
Manhood
Ll,'oniil|.Mlon,l
iOBWM Olzclnwfl, Fall-1
ffiJr$3ffilnxfav.Mloas;l
tafEfKiK^ ntrengtlioi'B.tn-'.
vijtoraica  and
RRPoaa ton*b tlio entiresysftem,    'mti
Undyan enrca Debility, Nerv-iusno *���, EminlonB,
iad'lor*l'iii*-iandn.*sioro��**ft*��fikor--aii*. Pslm
in ttie t**rV, l()>*��* by day 01 niniit nm ftn-ipe-t
qtt'Okly. Ovor 2,000 private ond'nueincnti-,
rrtinatorenfttraeoni Itnpotency hi the (Imt
*-t��te,   It can be stopped In 20 days' by the use of
Uiidyto.
Th-�� new (llsroT0ryw**s made by the Special*
Nioftheold rammu tiin.-uii Medical lu.tt-
mi*-. It l< IhcBtronircft vlUUser made. Ills
v.-rypowoifid, b-t tiarm.cwi.  Sold for 11.90 a
Knka-ieor o pne'-sgr-t f*r H.eo (plsia sealed
iml.  Wrltte ��� Kuanuil<*��t-venfi>racure, li
y��i buyrixboxosaad are not entirely enrart,
rix mora witl bo sent to yon free of all ekaif as
Bend fiMolrtmlari and t-wtlmnnlsli  Addraai
HTI��ON MEDICAL INaTITlJTK,
���OSS Market 81,* tan FranelMo, Ota\
A ''Nntlnnal itnuquat."
Ainoni,' the many stij***mtlou*t concern*
ini' a Utttionul tlowor, oau which ccim <-.
from, a Vermont farmer biw dtvided
point and internHt. Uo prnfiowM tbiit we
shall not attompt -to st-.tl** npoti a national ll'iwer, hut let rneli f-talo ehopw u
state llowor, and have a "nutlonul oo:i-
tjuet," coujpoao'l of nil tho at ite llovrera.
Alromly curtain of tlm htattw hnvo em*
lil-'jns which would qinlte very appropriate and protty element*) in mich a
great Aiuortciui noaoj-pty,
Ma*'u**huWitts pwtpla prefer the trnll*
in;< nrlmi un fur nn nmbk-m, Catltonila,
on lliu othor aldoof thocontinfiit, boa by
law adopted tliotwciD-tihoItai.t or puppy
:ia its state flower. Thn cedar sprij! of
Vermont nnd tbo pine Itmnuh uf Mainu
woiiitl coutiibtit'iiv needed tluXoof grr-bn
bo tho uo-!i'.L*ay. while tho urnuge bloa-ujiu
of Florida would Iciid H-i fi*iv*rriiiu:o. mil
tbo mountain lunrel of AUb,uua woiu.i
crown it refpleridontry.
Tho gohlonrod nnd iho aster wonld biv
Ion**; to the (in-t Btnto which ahould tr.r-
iuii,Iy  adopt   Llu*Li,   and   w)  would tho
graceful dhootingi'titruf tho central wnat
j /id tlie prnirin rose. There nro llowura
and trpoji enough to "gd urourid."
A iMiurjuot eoinpowr.1 of all th*cHB state
flowertj aud treo brnnobtiA would gnwe
all formal ocenHinnri and would typify
thu union of the states. It wonld nr.y
','E plurihus uunm" to the ordinary in-
tejlii'iince moru plainly tuaii tho L.uln
uiott<�� doea.���Yuiiili's C)()iup.tnlon,
Arkam-Nt,
Tlio LUtJfl Rook OaKotto haa not every-
boily mijcrrd up hy britigiuif forward a
new prouuncbitlou of tf.o uittiM ArkiUi*
saa, No one hut Euglidhim>u or Ikuto-
nmus protumneothe word as tttaspelled,
(t wu-. nnderatooil that tho legialaluro of
tint stat,) aomo yoars n��o offlciitlly llxed
thc pronunciation as Arkutwaw. Fioru
comtw* The Grusettit", however, wit!i it
poem ontitlwl "My Happy Littio Eloitt'i
in ArkuusaA," In which tin* fiu.il Hylbibls
of Arkiiiisaa is made to rhyme t\m wiin
-fiow" and thon with "below." Thii
Inilicrttutt that thonntire prdfionitintlntt
��[ the Uitmil i.-i uot ArU-m-i.1T.* but Ark.iu-
sow, nud wc aru at boh acain. Tlm Ar-
kiuiNtwyera or the Arkanwwers Bhould
setilo tiiin matter once for all. It 1.1 hn*
coining puzBiiug uud annoying. Par*
lilija Mr. Opio Head, tbe Arkam-aw
Truvelor, could put an end to trfau du-
pui��.���-Chiatjfo Herald. "
I'alettes or 1'aliitt-rs.
PulettcA of I'amona pKintera form an
intwHtin.tr collection in tlie poHueusion
of M. Beiiginot of Paria. His collection
ntitu tiers ovur IWJ��|Hjcinio*na, chief an.-*- ���*
which are tho palettee aa��l by C"��p..t.
Troyon. prJffcrnU, Benjn*'-'n Constuna,
Bijnnnt,, Roe-a Ikmhenr, fjsnnitio, Puvia
dp .Uhiivn*:'���.'���mind other artiaU of oelob-
rity.���i-uiiadoiphia Ledger.  - ���   '
Union   Flashes.
The Jcannic left Thursday with 1300
tuns of coal.
Tbe Mtowei-a left at 10 a. m. Sunday
for England. She took a supply of 2700
tons uf coal.
The San Mateo arrived yesterday.
The Occidental and the Kichard Third
are still waiting (nr their cargoes.
Two more sailing ships are on their
way here.
The City of Nanaimo arrived Friday
bringing yo% tons of hay. She left on
Saturday.
Alex. Frafer it*, improvinp and yesterday (Tuesday) was able to sit tip. '
Monday, A. \V. Taylor, special executive of the Equitable Life Association So
ciety, with his wife left for Courtenay.
Mr J, S. Clute, Customs Inspector,
came up on the City of Nanaimo and re-
tamed the next day.
Mr. H. B. Smith. Custom'. Officer at
Nanaimo arrived Wednesday on the Joan, and took rooms at the Cumberland
Hotel.   He returned Saturday,
Mr. Geo. Roe has been inducted into of
fire u thc customs officer for this district.
A six foot vein of the best of fine brick
rlay has been discovered here, and a test
shows that its -quality is unrivaled. Build
inn brick clay is here also in abundance.
Some splendid specimens of art penmanship are exhibited, containing a notice nf a grand performance in aid of the
new Methodist church, to be given on
Saturday March 17th at Reading Room
Hall.
The out ward symptoms of-*reat interest
in the masquerade ball, to be given on
Wednesday m-;ht at Comox are seen in
the large number of young urchin*- parading the streets with masked faces.
The Cumberland Hotel already feels
the need of enlarging, and so tbe space
in the third -dory is being utilized by being finished off into sleeping rooms, and
nt;ht pretty rooms too they are���Urge,
light ahd comfortable. We nre glad to
sec these evidences of prosperity.
Wc recollect ofa lecturer in a small
country town alter painting ihe times
as dull and hard, wiih brightening eye
*nd cuntid-rnt t��-ne, declare that there
v-cre better times coming. An old man
in the back pari ofthe hall with stridulus voice, sang out*���
"Couldn't you fill thc date, sir?"
This brought down the hou.*,c, and for
thc moment squelched the speaker, but
if this episode bad taken place in Union
the present day he would have foiind no
difficulty in fixing ihe duie at the next
pay-day. It Vill undoubtedly be the
largest for many months il not since the
m-nrs were opened, and the best of it is
lhat the succeeding pavdays promise to
be evtn larger. The workmen are smiling alt over their honest faces, aid the
merchants and business men are smiling
too, and when I drove down into thc valley ol thc Gourtenav, up the Settlement
and down at Hay everyone wore a smile.
One farmer tt ho hail just read the stuping news in the -Weekly News threw
down the p.tper and shouted, "Hall.ilu-
jail!" His wife rushed into the room to
nnd out ��hat was the matter when he
siezed and gave her such a hug as reminded ber of their courting days. The
children were then hugged in turn, and
he finally ended up with hugging Towser
which had been barking furiously for the
last five minutes. Such is the eiiect ofa
big pay-day in prospect!
NOW is your tim�� to get a first class
suit made to order and a perfect fit guaranteed.
Just received at the Union Clothing
Store a large and well selected stock of
English Cloths for suitings. Why send
east for your clothing when you can do
better at home?
As the Tailoring Department is under
the able management of D. McLeod we
will guarantee every suit we turn out a
perfect fit, or no sate.
We also have in stock a fine line of
dent's furnishings, Hoots and Shoes,
Hats, Blankets in fact everything that is
required in a first class furnishing store.
Give us a call and be convinced you enn
dons well with us as with any other
house.
James Abrams.
Prizfe Sum for Boys.
Editor Weekly News: I believe most
ofthe hoys in the fouith and fifth classes
iu our Public Schools read the Weekly
News.and also work questions 111 Interest
so witti vour permission I will give tliein
a little sum to have done by thc Midsuin
mer Examination. The boy producing
thc best MS. solution may expect a
priic:- Two boys, A and H, start on a
race for thirty ye.irs. A smokes segars
only at tlie rate of eight cents a day, or a
bout $30 a yearl B saves that sum and
put*, it out on Interest each year at 6 per
cent, payable annually. Other things being equal, How much will B. be worth
mure than A at the end of the race? Anv
one who would like to have a thousand
dollars to his credit in the bank will appreciate the force of this argument a*
gainst tobacco; and by depositing hi-*
manuscript with his teacher with any
number over five attached will be accepted.
S. F. Ch Sandwick. B.C.
PULPIT AN0 PEW.
There la a colored Conipegatilnrial church
lu Wn-dttligioil witb a tnotiilx-r-sMp of 335,
The total amount contributud to Prcwby-
terinu ehundiea during tbu piutc year wiu-
over��l-t,0 .<).<������ to.
A Itoniau Catholic seminary eo*rtin�� ���?*),.
000 in to Ih- erected in Baltimore lor t.lie
training of priests to work uniony colored
people:
So in-intra* V. Karmarknr, a high caale
Bralltunu ind it i-rn-limui fi-'iin India, wns
nrtlnlurd to thu CbrUtinu mi-ii-ary in New
tlau'ii iTCimtly,
A iiiin*iioii prmst recently returned to tho-
City of M-xii-u from uu Indian village,
only two daya1 journ.y, ami n-porta having
iH-cuvt-ivd nil Indian k'niplo with soven
largfl Artec tdoU, to which thu put-pie
pfujrwl publicly.
Redistribution Bill.
The Equilibrium Between Vancouver
Ieland and the Mainland Dirstroy
ed��� Chrie Evan* Captured��� An
Sxpreae Car Bobbed��� Collieione
and SxploBions at Bea��� A Murderer Convicted.
Nanaimo, Feb. 16.��� (Special) Redistribution Bill was brought down today to
the House at Victoria, The number of
inembe's will remain the same, but Vancouver Island will have 14 instead of if*
as before while the Mainland -..ill have
19 members instead of 17 as now. New
Westminster Klectorial District is divided into four Ridings euch returning one
member. New Westminster City will
have onc member; Vancouver City, three
members; Victoria City, four members;
Nanaimo City one memmi; Niuuiimo
District, two members;Yale Klectorial
Distiict, divided into Kast, West and
North Ridings,.eaih one member; Lilton
et, K.tst and West Ridings, one member
each; Kootenay, North, South and Kast
Ridings, one member each; Cariboo, two
members; Cassiar, trine member; Comox,
one member; Ksquim.ilt, two members;
North Victoria District, one member;
South yictoria District, onc member, and
CowicKnn, including a lew .small inlands,
and what is known at present as Alberni
District, two members. In a condensed
form: Cariboo, 1: Gatsiar, i;Cowichan,2;
Esquimalt, 2; Kootenay, 3; Lillooet, 2;
Nanaimo City, If Nanaimo District, 2;
��� Westminster City, I; Westminster District, 4; Vancouver City, 3; Victoria City,
4; Victoria District, 2; Yale, 3; total, ^.
LosAngclos, Feb. 16.���(Snecial)��� A
daring train rubbery occurred near this
place today. Masked men ditched a
train of the South Pacific Railway, and
robbed the express car of $20,000. Two
men were killed.   The robbers escaped.
A cable dispatch from J id, Germany,
states that a boiler exploded on the German Cruiser Brandenburg, killing forty
ofthe crew.
San Francisco, Feb. nj���(Special) In
the case of the state vs Dr. West on trial
for the murder of Miss Gilmore, the jury
brought in a verdict of guilty,
London.-��� The British steamer* Cly-
thia and Catoxon collided in the English
channel The former sunl^ almost immediately, ana seven of lier_ ctew
drowned.
were
Fresno, Cal. Feb. 30th ��� Chris Evans
was captured today.
Congregational Meeting.
The Presbyterians held their annual
business meeting on Friday evening last
in the Good Templar Hall, Sandw'icfi. A
large number ofthe members and adherents were present, in fact a larger number
than at any previous antittal meeting.
Rev. Mr. 'Fait occupied the chair, and 0-
pen*2d the meeting with prayer.
The minutes ofthe last meeiinjr were
read and approved. The accounts for
the year 1893 were then presented showing 4 total revenue of $1078.29, and a total expenditure of $1,061.62 leaving a sur
plus of $16.67. This Is a very satisfactory state of affair*-, especially for a
church. The congregation had more
than 1 rdinary outlay in paying off the
last $100 of the debt on the, Manse, and
it was weakened to 511111c extent by having the congregation at Union Mines sep
araled from it last April. Taking these
drawbacks into consideration along with
the lull tunes, a surplus instead of a deficit speaks well for the Presbyterians.
After the Sunday school report had
been read the managers for the ensuing
year were elected, 'lhe board consists
of thc following gentlemen: Alex. Salmond, Wm. Grieve, Jas. Hallidav, John
Mundell, S. Piercy, Alex. Urquhart, Jos.
McPhee, Thos Cairns and Wm. Duncan.
Tht; congregation decided to ask to be
placed on thc Augmentation List after
September next when tliey will have tbe
privilege of choosing their own  minister.
After a hearty vote of thanks to the
Ladies Aid Society, refreshments were
served, and then came the programme,
which was opened wiih spirit by the
c'-oir singing��� "Awake. Awoke", Mr.
Hall in good voice gave' "Call Mc B.uk
Again". Mcsdanies '1'ait and Duncan
rendered that favorite song "Annie Laurie". Mr. Mundell read"An Appeal tothe
Sexton". Thc audience were then indebted to Mrs Tail for "Robin Adair". Mr.
Win Duncan followed tilth the** Gipsy
Boy," nnd the choir .sang thc "Beautiful
Home". Thc doxplogy appropriately
closed tlie cntcriaimciit. Mention in this
connection should also be made of the
accompanist, Mrs. J. Grieve, who most
acceptably presided at the organ.
Mr. Tail gave a short address, He
said: Time brings changes to us all and
the p:tst year has brought changes to tlie
Congregation. The old pastor had re*
moved, and be had conic among them.
He would tnke tins opportunity of thanking them for the kinunes. they had received from the old ind young, and he
hoped the present kindly feeling would
:i|ways exist. He then referred u> (he en
courageinent he had in liis work, and the
progress made chiefly at thc Landing
and Courtenay. He thanked all who had
helped in the good work especially the I
Ladies Aid Society, lie also urged sociability as a necessary part of church
work. \\\ also advised strongly the
building ofa shed to protect the horses.
The doxolngy was then sung, the benediction pronounced, and the audience
which had spent an enjoyable and profitable evening dispersed to their various
homes.        ^
HOUSEHOLD HINTS,
Vinegar will removo lime from carpets.'
Flm- ahavlngH from baft ptnu wood make
a pli-ttKiiut pliiowthat may be utilized foi
comfort if you havo a hummock.
To ciean articles of papier tnachn wash
tbeiii with a little lukewarm Water und
roup, after which rub thum vigorou-dy with
swwt oil.
CheintatH say that It taken more than
twice it-*' much sugar to aweuteu pt-etwrvtw,
sauces, etc., if put in when thuy beglu tu
cook, as it tloeu to Btveotep them r-ru-r tin.
limit In cooked,
Whole cloves aro now tan-ad to extern.)
riute the merciless and indu-itrToa-i moth.
It In --did tbey art- moru HM-nial aa a dv-
btroying agent than Hilar tobacco, cnUt-1
phcr or evdar HhttViuj*. ���
Local Brevities
A Lindsay, jr. came over from Union
Tuesday to spcr.d a day in hunting aiul
fishing.
Horace Smith, jr cut his foot very severely on Saturday. He was at work en
the Rabson place getting out togs.
There was a pleasant little party at tbe
residence of Mr. T. W. Scott last Tuesday evening.
Judge Drabble has heen spending the
last three or four days in Courtenay.
Thc meeting of Hiram lodge Saturday
night brought out as usual, a few from
the May and also some from Union.
A gold mounted neck-tie pin has been
found and the owner can have thc same
by Calling on Wm Glennon at the Riverside Hotel.
A Chinaman was badly squeezed between two box cars at tbe Mines Monday
afternoon, and was badly injured about
the head.
Persons in Union fishing to attend
the great masquerade ball at Comox on
ihc 2ist can gel tickets of Mr. H. P. C*d-
lis of the Union store.
On Monday, Mr. J.Moore and Mr. ti.
G. McDonald of the Bay rode through
thc town on their way to Union. They
exhibited a precision of movement ami
elevation of bearing that indicated they
were on an important mission.
For Sale.
My farm of 113 acres, with coal right*
also stork and farm implements.
James Clark.
Comox, B.C.
Proclamation.
TO ALL WHOM IT MAY CONCERN, be tt
known that! have not taken out a license
to cairy passcngers,baggage orfrieght Ue
tween Courtenay nnd Union and therefore all persons "are respectfully requested not to apply to me for favors of that
character.
J. S. Wilson.
. Costumes.
Costumes for both ladies and gentte-
J" c rented for the masquerade
reduced price of $2.50 each,
for. the ball arc to be had of
.Cplhs at the Union store. Let
wake the affair a success, as
ds are in aid of a hall building
ninnn Island friends.
W. T Grieve Dead.
Mr. W. T, Grieve, son of Mrs. Henry
Grieve of Sandwick, died at Harvey Settlement, New Brunswick, on Friday, tlie
2nd inst. of consumption, and buried the
following Sunday tu the family lot in the
cemetery at that place. He left here last
spring with tbe hope that a change of
climate might benefit him. It was a vain
pursuit, for the fell destroyer had obtained too strong a hold upon him to be shaken off. It it. a satisfaction io know that
he wns among friends, he having been
lor some time at his grandfather's residence where he expired in his 26th year.
Great Masquerade Ball.
on  the
Evening of February 21, 1894, at the
Knights of Pythias Hau., Comox,
Admission for each person, including
refreshments, one dollar.
Masks will be removed at midnight.
As many as possible arc earnestly requested to appear in costume.
Costumes for gentlemen may be obtained at the Union Store, Union Mines
Proceeds in aid of Public Hall, Den
man Island,
Comox Items.
Miss May Butt-jr, sister of Mrs Scliars-
chmit t arrived on the last steamer.
A petition from some of our people was
sent below last Friday re appointment
physician.
Miss Ella McDonald, daughter of Geo
G. McDonald of Hotel Cumberland ie-
turned in the Joan.
Alex Urquhart and his mother returned from Victoria on Wednesday.
'One ol Tom Scott's sons cut his fool
very badly last Friday. Dr. Scharschmidt put in a few stieties and he will
soon be all right.
At the next meeting of Comnx Lodge
No. 5 K. of P. an Esqtriro will be railed
to the rank "f Knight.
Mis. M. Nixon's sister of Dcninatt Island was over Wednesday on  the Joan.
Redistribution Bill.
The new bill introduced is radically dif
fCrent from the present law. Some of lhe
distrcts arc divided up into Ridings, nnd
if his principle had been followed in every
case where more than one member is given to a district wc think 11 would have
tieen an improvement. The question of
political equilibrium between Vancouver
Island and the Mainland is forever dis-
treyed, as it should be. The measure is
severely just, but we by ntl means suppose
it will suit the Opposition; If the 11:11
hatl been drawn up in the courts of Henv
eu thc leaders ofthe Opposition and Independent parties would denounce 11 as
infamous and inequitable. Unlike much
legislation it gives justice to the country,
and it will giye satisfaction to all fair min
ded men,
A Liverpool policeman, who. na he
thought, Bwullowed a t-txpeneo 18 years
ngo, recently bad a novere pain In hia
throat.. A (It of cough lug came on, and
the loug lout coin, half of its original
thickness, was nflouaed from bis throat.
s& AGRICULTURAL.
A Seasonable Word About Manure-
A talk ubout saving the m.inure may be
trite, and perhaps it ia evon true that there
is nothing new to be Baid upon the subject.
But if there is anysuhjcct within the whole
range of our farm economy that will bear
repetition, itis thia. And this is just the
season when it ihould he brought freshly
to the notice of thoao who are apt to overlook auch details. We are now entering
upon the season for the production of the
major portion of tiie year's crop of manure,
or at least for its production in such manner that it can he saved and utilized.
Much of the summer inanurial product is
wasted through being dropped in wooda
and lanes, or upon rough pastures, which,
by the way, is one strong argument in favor of soiling, a matter that we will not
now digress to follow. But because of this
summer waste we should use all the greater
effort to save the manure that is produced
while the cattle are housed.
It has become somewhat the custom to
say that because commercial fertilizers arc
so concentrated and so easy to handle and
apply, that it has mado us ungleotful of
home resources for manuring. This, I
think, ii a mistake. The outlay for chemical manures has become an great that it
has forced many of us to pause and con-
wider whether we hnd not somo cheaper
substitute, And this has led to such a saving and using of animal manures during
recent years, as was never before attempt*
cd. Hesides which, wc nro constantly becoming better fanners, and good farming
means saving this animal product and applying tt toward the grovlng of bettercropt*,
A few yearn ago thero weru many sec
lions where stable and barnyard manures
were not recognized as having uny commercial value, and almost any quantity
could be obtained for the more hauling.
Now it is difficult to find anyone who is
willing to givo it away, unless wo go upou
some of the great western ranches, where
they have yet to learn that no soil is wholly
inexhaustible-, In all efforts toward making
or saving manure upon tho farm, it shoub
be remembered that the liquid portion o
the animal's exertions constitute tho most
valuable portion. This is rich in nitrogen,
one of the most important and expensive
elements of plant food. Another reason
why it is valuable is that in this tho nitrogen is iu form to be quickly taken up by
the plant. Vou do not havo to wait for its
effect upon tlie crop until it can bo made
soluble, as is the case with nitrogen contained iu solids. So in saving the manure
of tho stable, overy effort should be made
to absorb and retain the liquids. This can
bo very thoroughly dono by using absorbents for bedding. The ordinary coarae
bedding, such as hay, straw or corn-stalks
will hardly be effective enough, anil if used
should he in combination with something
finer, such as dry muck or loam, or sawdust. These ahould he spread daily, and
cleaned out as fast as they become saturated. After removing it from ths stall, this
manure should be kept under cover, for if
it is exposed tc the weather the soluble
portion is soon washed away tiy the rains,
and tho entire mass loses a largo part of itf
fertilizing value. Tho liquids are the tirat
to bo lost by this washing, and theu the
soluble portions of the solids follow. A
covered shed or manure pit, into which tbo
manure can bo thrown until auch time as ii
is desirable to haul it'to tho field, is withir
the reach of anyone; and will repay ita cost
in a single season. A covered barnyard is
still bettor, hue thia ia a matter requiring
some outlay, and each must determine for
himself whether thc conditions will justify
it. But somo sort of protection no one can
afford to go without. Those who try it,
and iu the soring haul tho washed-out contents of tho barnyard to their fields, often
apply a manure from which the fertilizing
value has nearly departod, and the chief
good of which to tho land must bo found in
its mechanical action upon the aoil. But
one can hardly afford to bother with manure
for that alone, especially whon tliey may
have it with so much more vuluahloqualities
if they will only take a little trouble.
Father's and Grandfather's Dairying.
My grandfather, though a successful
business man in some rcspejta, was not an
adopt at dairying, said Mrs. S, M. Allen nt
a recent meeting of a farmer's institute. In
summer his cowa were turned into the road
to go whero thoy pleased, and they usually
traveled from three to live miles r. day. Jt
took all they couidget to eat to sustain thia
great muscular exertion, while tho production of milk waa only a accondary consideration. In the winter they wero given the
free uae of the barnyard, and allowed to
sleep under the Bhed at night. They were
fed with damaged and swale hay with no
gram rations except, occasionally a little
buckwheat bran, and on extremely cold
nights an extra "foddering" of buckwheat
atraw. If hia cowa had any drink they
had to go nearly one-quarter of a mile to a
brook, They went without water in severe
weather.
My grandfather kept three cows and had
lo buy butter for his family to oat, That
was his way of doing the dairy businesa.
My fatiier'a aim was to givo hia cowa
plenty of good nourishing foods, plenty of
pure water to drink, as littio exercise as
possible compatible with good health, and
to keep them aa quiet and comfortable as
possihlo at all times.
In early summer when the grass is young
and sweot, his cowa arc tethered in a field,
-each with a rope about thirty feet long,
in this way all the cowa arc kept quiet
No running or hooking cau be indulged in,
and the cowb can got all they want to cat
without travelling all over the place or tho
town. Later in the season, when the grass
becomes short, my father cuts green oats
and peas growing together, and foods
the cows. Still later corn foddor and
rations of wheat bran are fed. He always
keeps the cowa i'i thoir alalia at night,
as he finds by experience that they prefer
it to lying on the ground in the yard.
In the winter my father's cowa are kept
in their alalia night and day. They aro
fod twice a day with hay, once with corn
foddor und twice with wheat bran an I corn
meal mixed���four quarts of luaii and two of
meal. All their drink is given warm, as
by thia method they will drink three times
aa much ah though the water were cold,
aiul produce one-third mure milk. As
milk ib HO per cent, water, uo cow will
produce much milk without plenty of water
to drink.
Tho croum ia separated from lhe milk
in a creamery and churned ina awing churn.
My father keeps six cowa, three grade
Jerseys and three natives. Ho averages to
make 1,500 pounds of butter a year, wh ch
la sold at 27} cents in summer and 80 in
winter, or for au average of 2H ceiita the
year round. That amounts to-J120 annually.
Many Leaks in Farmim***.
There arc many leaks in farming, anil it
is easy to find somo of thom. One of the
most common, as well aa one of the moat
absurd, relates to dairying. Not one farmer
iu a thousand keeps any account of the income aud cxpenfles, and hence i.i fanning
blindly. Neither his father nor Ida grand-
father ever did it, and they "got along."
Most farmers would feel insulted if a
summer boarder should ask hoard for
nothing, or at a tale below cost. But is
boarding cows below cost any more worthy
of respect? Isn't it foolish, in a business
sense, to spend time on cows that pny nothing or worse still, nro bringing their owners
into debt! Experiments show, ovon in
herds supposed to be profitable, that many
cows are kept nl. a loss : henci*. why should
not farmers whu find it hard to mike a living try to weed out nuch  cows?
A little blank book ran bo bought for
three or four cent a. Designate the cows by
a name or a number and opposite this designation have a pluce, hy ruling the page up
anil down, for entering the weight of the
milk each morning and evening,   with   the
te at the top and USO Ihc page until it js
full ; then prepare another. As each cow
ia milked in turn, weigh the pail with a
���ipt-in-* balance ..*>d make the entry, first
dodnctiug the WftJ 'it of the pail.
Thc dairy record. **lls other facts that are
of importance. It tells the influence of uoo-i
or poor food on the cow ; of the weather ;
of cold or warm drinks ; of early cut or
over ripe hay ; of sexual beat; of exposure
to anow storms and cold rains aa compared
with warm shelter ; and of protection
against Hies in mid-summer, and shade instead of the tierce heat of tbe pasture lot.
It is something like a thermometer, as it
notes all the changes that influence milk
production. The man interested in bis
work, as well as in the results of his wark,
finds these facts of great interest and they
spur him to greater care aud activity.
Farm Notes-
A first requisite with all tho breeding
stock is that it should be kept healthy.
This cannot be dono without plenty of regular exercise. Do not ahut them up for
thc winter and feed us if for market.
When you select and mate your breed'
ing stock, havo a care to individual excel
lonce, as well as tu pedigree. You cannot
hopo to obtain the most wholly satisfactory
result without thia combination of qualf
tics.
A question that enter-* largely into the
profit of a crop is very often the coat of
getting it to market. Good roads help toward a solution of this problem. So dues
the feeding of the crops to good stock, and
thua marketing Ihem upon the hoof.
A loan animal of any aort can rarely bo
marketed at a profit. ' Yo know some men
who alwaya begin to get rid of thoir Btock,
us they term it, aa aoon as they sec lhe cost
of feeding begin to run up in tho fall, As
a consequence they sell at a price that gives
no profit for what they have a'ready fed,
aud when Ihoy discover thia they at once
cry that stock doea not pay. Of course it
does uot in that way, nor would anything
else if managed in the aame manner. If you
have stock, make your preparations to feed
it to a finish, and thou if there is any profit
you will get it.
Prepare now to bavcabotterfruitand vegetable garden noxt year than you have ever
had before. Thero is no ono thing that will
ao much add to your happiness, health and
prosperity. In planning and planting, it
gives placo to everything that you think
could posiubly be made use of on tha home
table, (hie who has had a garden that
was restricted to & limited range of the
commoner vegetables, can hardly realize
how much more valuable it becomes when
you add celery and cauliflower and asparagus, strawberries and currants and gooseberries. If you are having a garden, have
one that is a garden in earnest and not the
mere apology for one.
The oat crop will be about the first to
have our attention whon the new season
comes around. Many careful experiments
have shown that it is not necessary to
plough the land for thia orop if itis to follow corn, A thorough working of the aoil
with the disk harrow puts it in condition
for bringing tho very best results. Keep
this in mind until sowing time, and it may
aid you in keeping abreast of tho season
with your work, to better advantage than
you have in tho past, when you ploughed
for both oats and com, Wc do not believe
in slighting tho preparation of the aoil for
any crop, but where labor cau be saved it
is tin: part of wisdom to do it.
HOUSEHOLD.
A Man in tha Diaa-Pau-
*-���<���* and"
My Clammy Assailant.
The other night, after I bad been in bed
a couple of hours, I awoke with a Btart.
It waa pitch dark. I listened for a moment, trying to convince myself that I wag
mistakcu, hut I certainly heard sounds
downstairs. So, springing out of bed, I
hustled into a few clothes and crept boldly
to the first floor, then paused to listen.
iMullled sounds, as if a peraon wero moving about, oame up to me from the scullery.
Without further hesitation I continued iny
advance, unlocked the passage door and
again liatened, thc noiac had atopped, but
I could hear breathing uot tar away. *
I put my hand in my pockot to get out
the matchea when something moved a few
feet in front of me.
"Now then, who's there?" I shouted, as
bravely as 1 possibly could.
No anawer. "Come out of that; I know
you arc there."
Still no answer. I took a couple of steps
forward, wnen an icy-cold and flabby hand
waa laid on iny check. A shiver ran
through my body and my teeth chattered.
A aecond later 1 moved my head aside
sharply and hit out, firat with tho ritjht
and thon with the left fiat, bringing them
both m contact with the scullery wall and
rasping the akin off the knuckles.
lloforo I had time to assume tho defensive, I waa struck smartly on the othor
cheek by that cold, moist hand, and us I
'ducked my head I caught it behind the ear.
To bo candid I waa now thoroughly scared.
A good bulldoggy burglar I could have
tackled, and without any trepidation but
to ho hit about the head with ghostly flippers mado mo want to scream.
After striking out hard in all directions,
till keeping iny footing, and bleeding profusely in both hands, I paused, hot and
flushed, yet shivering withal. It was then
that I smelt a smell of fish, and, striking a
match, I cautiously peered round me, to
find that I had been attacked by a wet sole
that uij wife had hung up tlie night bofore,
and which tho cat had been trying to get
hold ol, and had left swinging when I frightened hero!)',
A Strange Story Fro*n India-
The Morning Post of Allahabad is responsible for a rather remarkable atory,
whleh would seem to demand investigation
if only aa a moans of preventing suoh incidents in futuro. Tlie caao is that of a
young Frenchman, who, " after an adven*
turoua career, enlisted in the Riya\ Artillery about six years ago under tho name of
Wa'd." Ho acquitted himself very creditably, tho report saya, at Aden ami Kurrn-
chce; so much an that ho gut on the staff
and eventually became chief clerk to Lieu*
tenant-Colonel R, II. I).  I'lunkett, It, A.
Tho hitler waa nt) pleased with thu nun's
work, that on hia being transferred to
Singapore ho Strongly recommended thia
useful noncommissioned oUlcer fora post
in the Intelligence branch, and Corporal
Wald waa Bent to Kvigoon to work uudor
Lieutenant-Colonel Auohlnlook, It. A., and
Captain Butcher, K.A. Ho was attached
to thc 8th Mattery, Southern Division,
Rangoon," At the beginning of September
last Wald secured -JI days' furlough, with
leave to proceed to Bombay- and ho has
not returned. Ho is now a deserter, and
the police have discovered that the man
tuok a ticket to l'arisaud in ull probability
he is thoro now, retrieving his fortuno by
means of maps, plans, aud specifications of
the defences of Bombay, Aden, Rangoon,
and Kurraoheo, Thu man ia aaid tu have
hceu a clever draughtsman as well aa a
linguist, Besides English he speaks French,
Gorman, and Italian fluently, "and no one
in tho battery could talk in Hindustani aud
Burmese liko him. His comrades are now
ablo to recollect that Wald was constantly
engaged iu his private quarters writing
and drawing, and he seemed to ho working
up everything connected with his post.
But ho always worked in a foreign language
������French,-1
Make up your mind which you profer to
feed, hens or lice, and then go to work to
develop your fancy. If it's hens, clear out
the pons and look sharply after the vermin,
Wash off the roosts with kerosene, .Swoop
out tho corners and for onco clean houso in
a thorough manner. Thou carry in fresh
Straw and a new dust bath. Mako a trip
through tin- pens onco in three or four days
ifter the hens havo gone to roost, and
pi inkle a little IllSOCt powder  through the
foathera of each one. In this way tho lice
can be driven off. If it'a lico you want,
then keep right on letting tho hens roust iu
their filth, don't try to clean up and a full
crop may he guaranteed. One thing is
sure, lice and egga are not produced in thc
same pens.
My v/iUhaa nw-j^-**-4' ou�� CO af
*���*   black an1 whito, that ahe
Has moro to do from sun to buu, than I out-
Hldo, said --he: "I'll run     _     , ,,    . ���
Your chore-! an' clear things up tonlght.WhilO
you wash diHhcs!" I'm perltto
Enough to give my wife full kite, an' so provo
to her that 1in right, . ,
So after supper off aho wont an   done the
chorea: it'*** no great stent.
Because I've gut things fixed to save most
every step and light and shave
Tbela*��or bill; bur, asforme.I tackled them
i-,irdishes,yesee!
An'first send off 1 plum fergot to koep my
water bllln' hot,
I swim I couldn't got'em clean; I never seo
things act so mean.
Sly wife aet there and give mo roop enough
"Why don't yo use some BOftPT
Bays she,  Mystarsl I could et that woman up,
I was ao hei.
An' ao Into tho night I swashed, and, whon I
thought I'd gut'em washed,
I found ulialf attoxoa miro, while wll 0 set
laughin* to the core.
Banish ul oould tlggerout, I washed and
dried th it night about
Throe doiwn piece.-, multiply that fi-fgor or a
bigger by
Tun hundred and ntnety-flve��� tho meals In ono
yoAr'A time-tUal'a how wife fools.
I toll ye what, there's soinuthln' wrong; our
work out-ddo goo-* like a song.
We wcl an' ride an' ride, an' ride and all the
time our wlvoa Imddo
At moiuutfd handwork loll away like somo old
Ircod-mill horso, I say,
That here's a ohanoe for Bdlson to got tho big-
gOSt slice of fun
That ovor tn man's pocket foil] 'lootrloltyls
vory woll,
Hut hn could boat It Bllok and olean hy washln
iii-he- by muehino.
A Word to fathers-
There was ncvor as now a timo when so
much was Baid and written on the duties
of mothers in the training aud caro ot their
children. Ono would almost thiiiK that
tho child belonged wholly to tier ; that the
father has no rights in or responsibility for
the caro and conduct of tho children. Id
these days when mothers are finding out
their mistake in confining themselves to
cooking the food, making and mending the
garments for their families, and are learning that they must keop abreast with their
boys and girls by interesting themselves
with tlnm iu this work-a-day world, its
current events, literary pursuits and philanthropic work, it is alao time for fathers
to take time from businesa and tho world
to enter into the home���not taking the
mother's place, but their own.
How often wo hear it aaid that tbe three
sweetest words are "mother,'' "home,"
and " heaven," ! 1 protest against leaving
out the word "father," as if he had no
place cither in home or heaven. Back of all
love and being is God our Father, First
in home, aa first in heaven, should bo the
father.
Ia there any good reason why the father's
and mother's duties in thc care and conduct of the children should ho bo divided
that an impassable wall riaes between, and,
as on a signboard, ia written, " Thus far
shalt thou go and no farther ?"
A child, when he first begins the study
of geography, naturally thinks of the countries, or ot the United States, as divided
by a natural or supernatural dividing line.
I remember looking for that line, when as
a child I journeyed into an adjourning
State. Theu I learned they were imaginary
tinea. Ia not that aa true of the division
of the father's and mother's care of their
children?
I would tike to aee the time come when
it would neither be unusual nor a subject
of a surprised remark, to see a father take
the lifJe two or three-year-old child, or
even younger, to bed, while perchance the
mother takes up the evening paper and
reads Lhe news���-news indeed to tier, although not to the father, who has heard
much of the current events talked of or
about, in the ollice, on tho street, or iu the
car.
Mothers know the value of these bedtime
hours, and muoh of the greater confidence
usually given them is due to the wise uae of
theae times.
The boy would not love his mother leas
than now, but his father more than it is
possible for him to do wheu that father is
largely known as the provider, a good
provider though he may be, of the comforts
of the household.
There is another reason for this. .Sometimes the mother is called, it may bo, lo
follow othor members of the household wbo
have entered into "the many mansions,"
and the family is known on earth asn:other-
less. Blessed are tho children who atill
have, to aome cttont, father and mother,
in the father who learned to be a mother
also to thom, in tho days when tho circle
was unbroken 1
Fathera.you will lose no real dignity, but
gain in nobleness and tenderness of character, if you wilt cultivate in yourselves thc
mother qualities.
To clean iron work rub with a oloth dampened with keroaeue.
To prevent rust on stoves put away for
the season^btefl^thaatub^-it-a putting away
���wiUr-MarJffligi diluted with kerosene, or
rub them thoroughly with kerosene alone.
To olean zinc, oil cloths and white paint
rub them with a cloth dipped in kerosene,
and dry with a clean cloth.
To olean brass stair rods, brass bed*
steads, and other brasses, rub with kerosene and rotten stone put on with a soft
cloth, and polish with a dry cloth, soft
paper, or chamois.
To remove nut from kettles or other
ironware, rub witb kerosene end let them
stand. Keep a day, then wash with hot
water and soap; repeating if necessary.
To remove rust from flatirona, soak them
in, or rub them with kerosene, and polish
with scouriug brick.
To remove rusty screws, drop kerosene
upon them j in a few minutes'they can be
moved.
To take rust from Btesl implements, cover
with kerosene for forty-eight hours, theu
scour with air-aluckod Iim-} until the stain
disappears.
To remove paint from any kind of cloth
saturate tho spot with keroaono uud rub
well; repeat if necessary.
To remove fruit stains, saturate tho
stain with koroseno, rub thoroughly with
baking ho la and leavo in tho aun.
To renew woodwork and furniture, varnish with black varuish, plentifully diluted
with kerosene.
To soften leather hardened by repeated
wettings, rub it woll with koroseno.
To clean Bowing or other machine, oil alt
the bearings plentifully with kerosene,'
operate the machine rapidly for a moment,
rub the oil off and apply machine oil.
To remove daniruf, rub kerosene well
into the roota of the hair, tho dandruff oan
then bo combed or washed out easily..
To make the hair grow, apply hoadltgli
oil or kerosene to the roots of tbe hair
twice each week, rubbing it in well with
the tips ofthe finger*. This will often produce a growth of hair when all other means
fail.
To relieve chilblains, soak tho feet in hi
water and rub them with kerosene, or with
koroaone and lime water.
To relieve calloused feet, rub them frequently with keroaene.
To relieve tho pain of rheumatism, rub
the alllictcd joint with kerosene.
A Few Oakes-
Chocolate Caltc.���I hree eggi, whites
beaten separately ; two cups of powdered
sugar, or one and two thirds cups of granulated, one-half cup of butter, one-half cup
of sweet milk, three cupa of sifted flour, to
whicli have been added three teaspoons of
baking powder, two squares of chocolate.
Cream butter, sugar and yolka thoroughly,
then add milk, thon white*, of egga beaten
stiff, then Hour, stir hard, then stir iu
chocolate dissolved in a little hot water.
Bake this in a loaf, or in layers. Icing.���
Two squares grated chocolate, five tablespoons of powdered BUgar, three tablespoons
of boiling water, stir over a moderate fire
till it is smooth and glnsay.
Walnut Cabte. ���One and one-quarter cups
of granulated augar, three egga, one-half
cup of butter, one-half cup of sweet milk,
two cups of flour, two teaspoons of baking
powder. Cream butter aud sugar thoroughly; beat yolks to a atiff froth and stir in;
then add milk, then beaten whites, then
flour ; stir hard and flavor. Bake in two
square layer pans; ice heavily with
caramel icing, and arrange walnut kernels
in regular order ou top.
Kut Cake���One cup of sugar, one-half
cup of butter, cup of sweet milk, two egga,
two cups of flour, two teaspoons of baking
powder, one cup of nut-menta chopped and
then sprinkled with flour.
Cream, buttor, augar and yolks ; add the
milk, then the flour, in which the baking
powder has been sifted; then tho nut-
meats, and lastly, the well whipped whites.
Bake in layera, and put together with
caramel icing, aud choppaii nut-meats.
Caramel Icing.���Two.thirds cup of milk,
nutter the size of a walnut, two cupa of
sugar; boil till thick, which will take about
fifteen minutrs. Flavor, stir till it thickens
sufficiently to spread ou cak-3.
Angel Cake.���Whites of nine large, fresh
ogga, one and one-quarter cups of granulated sugar, oue cup of sifted flour, one-half
teaspoon cream tartar, a pinch of salt added to egga bofore beating. After sifting
flour four or five times, measure and aet
aside one cup. Then sift and measure one
and one-quarter oupa of granulated sugar :
beat whites of eggs till stiff (a wiro whipping Bpoon ia best); add cream of tartar,
and beat all very stiff; stir in augar woll,
then flour very lightly, aud flavor. Bake
in an ungreasod tin for about 40 minutea
in a moderate oven. When thoroughly
cold, cut the cake out of the pan.
SAVED BY A NEWSPAPER.
Tbe Story or an Ottawa Business
Man.
Kerosene in the Kitahea-
Iu view of tho threatened exhaustion of
the world's coal beds, those wlio have learned the value of kerosene in rough household
work will enjoy the knowlodge that in the
opinion of Dr. Meudelriff, a noted Russian
chemist, the supply of petroleum is exhaustible. He attributes the formation of petroleum to the constant action of water on
tho metallic deposits of the hot, central
portions of tho earth, and believes that the
rapidity of its formation keeps pace with all
possible extraction.
Headlight oil ia double refined petroleum
or refined keroaene. It ia purer and cleaner
than the cruder and cheaper oils, and has
not so strong an odor. It is for this reason
better for household purposes, although
kerosene is as good in othor respeots, For
laundry work thu oil is becomiua well
known. The clothos are put to soak ovor
night in warm roup suds, lu the morning
clean water is put in the boiler and to it is
added a bar of any good soap, shred fine,
and two and one-half tablespoons of headlight nr koroseno nil. The clothes being
wrung from thesuds,tho finest and whitest
go into the scalding water in the boiler an I
are boiled twonty minutes. When taken
from tbo boiler for tho next lot, they are
Biidsod in warm water, collars, culla and
seams boing rubbed if necessary. Rinsed
and blued as usual, thoy will aome forth
beautifully soft and white. Knit woollen
underwear, woollen socka, etc., may safely
be washed in thia way.
Tho secret of washing successfully by this
method is the uso of plonty of soap and
warm wator to suds the clothes, If too little soap be uaod tho dirt wilt " curdle" and
settle on tho clothes in " freckles."
A teaspoonful oi headlight oil added to a
quart of mado starch, stirred in while it ia
hot, or added to thc starch before the hot
water ia poured upon it,* will materially
lessen the labor of ironing and will give to
clothes, either white or colored, especially
muslins and other thin wash goo ia, a look
of freshness and newness not to be otherwise attained.
For cold starch add a teaspoonful of oil
for each shirt to be starched. Rub tbo
atarch well Into the article, roll up tightly,and leave it for three-fourths of an hour,
then iron.
To clean windows and mirrors, add a
tablespoonful of headlight or kerosene oil
to a gallon of tepid water. A polish will
remain on the glass that no mere friction
can give.
If windows must bo cleaned if freezing
weather use no water at all. Huh them
witb a cloth dampened with kerosene; dry
witb a clean cloth and polish with soft
paper,
A few drops of koroaone added to tho
water in which lamp chimneys aro washed
wilt mako them easier to polish.
To break a glasa bottle or jar evenly, put
a narrow strip of cloth, saturated with
keroaene, around the article where it is
broken. Sot firo to tho cloth and the gins*
will crack off above it.
Tarnished lamp burners may be rendered
almost us bright as new by boiling thom iu
water to which a teaBpoonful ot soda and a
little kerosene has been added.   Then scour - , ,   - ���-,
with koroseno and scouring brick and polish  nn quietly doing it�� work until   a  porfoot
with chamois or Boft leather, I cure rcsulta.   lljware of acid substitutes.
Bhe Object id-
Mr. Courty asked me to marry him last
night," she blushingly told her mother.
And what did you tell him 1" .
I told him to ask you,"
Aak mo t" eohoed the startled parent,
Why, Mary, surely you wouldn't havo
ycur doar old mother comm t bigamy,
would you t"
Honors Iton-
Mr. Chugwater���" I'm hungry still, but
the biscuits are all gono, there's no more
cream for the coffee, and the steak is all
gristle. Samairtha, you'll die of enlarge*
ment of tho heart 1"
Mrs. Chugwater���"I don't know, Josiah.
I've never been expoaed to it iu this bouse!"
On3 Kind of IiiteUigenoo-
Baatrice���"The lecture on   entomology
was very interesting.   I thought it rather
singular that fleas should bo classed among
the most intelligent of insects,"
Hor cousin Tom (juat back from Florida)
���MWell( I don't know.   They get on too
groat many clevtr people.1'
An Odd Collection-
A man in Colorado has a quaint collection
of bottle?, It is divided Into two acctions.
Section ono is large. Section two is not.
Section one contains hundreds of bottles,tho
contents of which his wifo swallowed hoping to find relief from her physical suffering.
Section two enn taina a few bol ties that once
were tilled with Dr. Pierce's Favorite Proscription. It was thia potent remedy that
gave tho suffering wife her health again. It
eurcB all irregularities,internal inflanimaticu
and ulceration, displacements and kindred
trjiihlc**. It has done more to relieve the
Bufferings of women than any other medi
cine known to science.
Afflicted With nearness and Partial Vnr-
al-nt la���Obliged to Vive up lll-t Bast
iii'ss on Account of These inUriiiltlcs--
To the Surprise or HU Friends Hai
Been Fully Heitored to Health,
From tlie Ottawa Free Press.
Mr. R. Ryan, who is well-known in Ottawa and vicinity, having been until recently
a merchant of this city, relates an experience that cannot fail to prove interesting to
all our readers, It is well-known to Mr.
Ryan's acquaintances that he has been almost totally deaf since twelve yeara of age,
aud that sonic time ago thia affliction was
made still more heavy by a stroke of partial
paralysis. Recently it has been noticed
that Mr. Ryan has been cured of these
troublos, and a reporter thinking that his
atory would bn of benefit to the community
requested permission to make :t public, and
it was given by Mr. Ryan aa followa :���" In
the tall of INK,"), when I waa about twelve
years of age, I caught a seven* cold in tho
head, which gradually developed into doaf-
ness, and daily became worse, until in tho
month of duly, 1884, I had become totally
deaf, aud waa forced on account of this to
leavo school. Tho physician whom I consulted informed mo that my deafness was
incurable, and 1 concluded to bear my ailments aa well aa I could. In 1HK.Ustarted
a Btoro about two milea from Calumet Island, Q.uo., but not being able tn converse
with my patrons on account of mydeafneas,
I found it almost impoaaiblc lo make buai
ness a success. However, thiol's were
getting a little brighter until last April
wheu 1 took a severe pain, or rather what
appeared to be a oramp, in my right, leg
below lhe knee. I waa then doing business
in Ottawa, having come to the city from tlio
place abovo mentioned. At firel I gave no
heed to tho pain,thinking it would disappear
but on tho contrary it grew worse, and in
the course of a few weeka I bad to use a
cano and could scarcely bear any weight on
my leg. I continued to go about this way
for two weeka, when a similar cramp attacked my left arm, aud in lesa than two weeks,
in spite of all 1 could do for it, 1 could not
raiae the arm four inches from my body
und I found that thc trouble waa partial
paralysis, .htdgc my condition���a log and
an arm useless, and deaf besides. Being
ablo to do nothing else, I rcud a great deal
and one r.ny noticed in one of the city papers of a man beiug cured of paralysis by Dr.
Williams' Pink Pilla. I immediately began
tlie use of I'ink Pilla and beforo I had finished the third I ox I noticed a curious sensation in my leg, and the pain began to leave
it excepting when I endeavored to walk.
Well tho improvement continued, gradually extended to my arm, and by the time I
had completed the novel) th box my leg and
arm were aa well aa ever, and my general health waa much batter, And now comc3
a stranger part of my experience, I
began lo wonder why people who were
conversing witb mo would shout so loud.
Of course they had always bad to shout
owing to mydcafacaa, bub 1 waa under the
impreaaion that thoy were beginning to
about much louder. After having bade
them "speak lower" several times, I enquired why they still paraiftod in shouting
or rather yelling at mo, and was aurpiiscd
to be informed that they wero not speaking
as loud aa formerly. This led to an investigation aini judge my joy when I found that
Pink Pilla wore curing tho deafness which
was supposed to have been caused by catarrh. 1 continued the Pink Pitts for a
month and a half longer, and I now consider
myself perfectly cured after having been de-
do if for ten years, I can hear ordinary conver
sation and am fit for buaineaa, though I am
yet a little dull of hearing, but this is not
deafnes3it ia simply dullm-aa, tho result of
my ten years inability to hear conversations,
which still leaves mc with an inclination no
to lioo-l what is beiug said. Rut I am all
right and you may say from ino that I consider Dr. Williama' Pink Pi Ita tho best
medicine known toman, and that I ahall
be forever indebted to them for my renewed
health and strength.
Newspaper ethics usually prevent tlie
publication in tho newa columns of any
thing that might bo construed as an
advertisement, and this much valuable
information is suppressed that might provo
of incalculable benefit to thousands. Tho
praise of Dr. Williams' Pink Pills should
be sung throughout tho land, they
should bj familiar in every household, and
newspapers ahould unite in making them
ao.
An analysis shows that Dr, Williams'
Pink Pilla contain iu a condensed form all
the oloments necssaary to give now lifo and
richness to tho bluo i, and restore shattered
nerves. They aro aa unfailing specific for
such diseases as locomotor ataxia, partial
paralysis, St. Vitus' dance, sciatica,
neuralgia, rhouinalirm, nervous headache,
the after effects of la grippe, palpitation of
the heart, nervous prostration, all diseases
depending on vitiated humors in tho blood,
such aa scrofula, chronic erysipelas, etc.
They are also a specific for troubles peculiar
to females, suoh as suppressions, irregulari-
tien, and all forms of weakness, They
build up the blood, uud restore tho glow of
health to pale nnd hollow chcoke. In nun
tbey ofi'oct a radical euro iu all cases arising from mental worry,overwork,or excesaes
of any nature.
Dr. Williama' Pink Pills are manufactured by the Dr, Williama' Medicine Com,
pany, Brockvillc, Out., and Schenectady
N. V,, and are sold only in boxes (never in
loo83 form by tlie dozen or hundred, aud
tlie public aie cautioned against numerous
imitations Bold in thia shape) at Til) cents a
box, or aix boxea for ���*���**_'. "ill, and may be had
of all druggists or direct by mail from Dr.
Williams' Med icino Company, from cither
address,
A. P. 01)5.
Serve Pain Cum- [
Pol** -'a Nerviline cures flatulence,chills,
and spasms. Nerviline cures vomiting,
diarrh* i-a, cholera, and dysentery. Nerviline
euros headache, sea sickness and summer
complaint. Nervilino curea neuralgia,
toothache, lumbago, and sciatic:*.. Nerviline
curea sprains, bruises, cuts, \*.c. Poison's
Nerviline is the best remedy in the world,
t.r.d jnly costs 10 and 25 cents to try it
Sample and large bottles at any drug store.
Try Poison's Nerviline.
Mabel���*' What an interesting talker Mr.
Gusher is': He always holds one when be
speaks." Mrs. Gusher���" Doea he t That
accounts for the hair I found on his shoulder last night.
St. Leon is recommended on the Highest
Scientific authority. Why dose your ayatein
with filthy drugs when St. Leon can be obtained for a trifle';
General Middleton is writing a porsonal
account of the Kiel rebellion. In the course
of his brief history bo speaks with admiration of the Toronto Grenadiers,
Take One Fre>
A pillow sham holder on the bod will tavc
the thrifty housewife much worry aud
vexation. There ia only cue lirst-olaaa holder
in tho market, It is " The Tarbox," which
makes the shams look tho best, last tho
longest, and does not injure tho bod. Drop
a post card to tho Wilson Publishing Co..
~'.l Adelaide west, Toronto, and you will bo
advised how to gut a Tarbox sham holder
FRKE.
Pile tuinora, rupture and fistula*,radically
cured by improved methods. Hook, lb cents
in stamps. World's Dispensary Medical Association, Buffalo, N, V.
���m
An Artist-
The visitor at the boarding-house was en*
tertaining one or two of his friends at the
piano, and two boarders were standing at
tho head of tho stairs.
" Who's that at the piano ?" asked ono.
"Blamed it I know," was tbo reply. "He
hits the piano as if he were a blacksmith,
and ho murders tho mush like a butcher."
Purely T/egetab'e.
First the bud, then tho blossom, fien tho
perfect fruit. These arc thc aeveral stages
of somo of tho m >st important ingredients
< o n[io*ing the painless aud sure corn cm c -
Putnam's Painlois Corn Extractor. 'Iln
juices of plants greatly cone* ntratod and
puriliod, gum** and balsams in hirmoniui
union, all combined, giv-j the i*rand results.
Putnam's Kxtractor makes no sore spot,
does not lay a man up fur a week, but goes
Cures Consumption, Cooglis, Croup, Scro
Throat. Sold by nil Druiaktii on a GuMMitea.
For a Lame Side, Back or Chest Shiloh'a Poroui
Plaster will givo great wilt-faction.���35 Cents.
-HILOH'sXpATARRH
J^REMEDY.
'ave you Catarrh V This Remedy will relieve
andCureycu. Pricefiticte. Thia Injectorior
ita succeasful trcutnsDt, free. Remember,
Bhiloh'a ltcmediea aro sold ou a f*uanuitt)e.
Cliiuili. b :Thogi'oib3't preparation on
fit JiI'M ���     o.tfth for gpo oily and per-
XJfifHI ���     nunant euro of
 ,. Catarrh In all Its Stages.
Ono hot tlo will work   womlors,    If  your
druggUt uuoH not lice*,) it iiililross.
���LriT T. A. Siocum&Co,
1S6 Adelaide St. W-, Toiontr.
l\ ApiificialLiiiiiB
J. Doax & How
For Circular Address-*���>
77 Nort^cote Ave.Tot oi]to,
AdjiS'^sRiii^
<Man>BeaSl-
SCOTT'S
EMULSION!
OF PURE NORWECIAN COD LIVER
OIL   AND   HYP0PH0SPH1TES
OF LIME AND SODA,
will restore a lost appetite  lost flesh,
and check wasting d-seascs, especially in childron, with wonderful rapidity.
Coughs and colds arc *;,sily killed by a
i few doses of this remurkablo remedy.
I PALATABLE AS MILK.  Besuretogit
| the genuine, put up in salmon-colored
I wrappers.
I   Prepared only by Scott it Uowno. Belleville.
SHSXS OF HEALTH .   ,
are brlghtoyc>* and clenr complexion from
the uso of Dr. Slocuma Oxygeulsed
Emulsion of Pure God Liver Oil.
Easy totako, and a Groat Flesh Producer.
Aak your druggist for it, nud tako no
other,
MANUF-ACTtmBO UV
T- A SLOCUM & CO,
Toronto.
'toman
Syrup"
Martinsville, N.J., Methodist Pal*
Bonage. " My acquaintance with
your remedy, Boschee's German
Syrup, was made about fourteen
years ago, when I contracted a Cold
which resulted in a Hoarseness and
a Cough which disabled ine from
filling my pulpit for a number oi
Sabbaths. After tryfugn Physician,
without obtaining relief���I cannot
say now what remedy he prescribed
���I saw the advertisement of yout
remedy and obtained a bottle. I
received such quick nud permanent
help from it that whenever we have
had Throat or Bronchial troubles
since In our family, Boschee's German Syrup has been our favorite
remedy and always with favorable
results. I have never hesitated to
report my experience of its use to
others when I have found them
troubled in like manner." Rsv.
W. 11. Hagoarty,
of the Newark, New ^ gaf a
Jersey, M.K. Conference, April J5, '90.      Remedy.
>a G. GREEN, Sole Man'fr, Woodbury.!! J.
1 TTKNT10N-.IKYOUAHH! ANAGENT-
J\ tt von nn. not 1111 iistnit, bat would Hko
tobcoiiu-ir yon want t, mako monoy-aonil
for our llliiati-iit')[l Hat. William llrlirgs,
imhllwtinr. Toronto	
Wood Yard
SI��� Machinery
Waterous,
Brantford,
Canada
RUPTURE
ANO
DEFORMITY.
It ptvyB nobody to npocu
lato 011 tniHsos whon you
aro ruptured.  Many peo-
_ pie nro ruined for life by
I rusaofl Bold thom (lho reverse uf whal U really
Inr.ints and children cured in 15 to S weeka.
Thousand*! of people have been cured by my
trua'oa.
Bund for Illustrated book freo.
CIIAltU^CLUTHE.
IM King stroct Wo.t.   .   ���   ���   Toronto.
"SOUVENIR"
The High Speed Family Knitter
win dn nil work nny
iiti'ln circular knltMm* ni'idil-i-*
���wll! dn, from tniiiM-wnin nr **���������-
lory vani. Tin* limul. [irni-ilrnl
fiui'illy knitter dii tin* inarki*!. A
clillil enn 'ipcrott! It. Stri'Ti:-,
Dlir-i'-le. Simple. linpH. We.
j-iinriinti-n every mil,*Mi 11 ���* to ilo
���ton,) work, ili/warc i'f Iiu Pulton-.
A-jeuti* Wonted.    Write for ��;ir*
Dundas Kniltinn M-n-fd.-.c Co., Dundis, Ontario.
1,000,000A(
* ' A 1
ACRES OF LAND
for Bala by tbo Saint Paul
Dii.itii Railroad
Cohpant In Minnesota, f-ond for Maps and Circulars, 1'hey will bo sent to you
Addreoi      HOPEWELL CLARKE,
Land Comm Isr I on or, El. Paul, Miiiu,
LADIES,
DE-   SLOOXX3WI!S
GOHPOU.VD PEVMOYAli TEA
dive* llcnlth, Strength A. ISt-uuty,
Cures nit dUoasea und IrroBularltloa peculiar
lo women, Ah a tonic no Ijettu* can bo had.
Tako It. Samples free- Sold by all dni,-|,'i-.ls
in 20 cent package-*, or mailed to nny udrlron:
on i-ea-iiit of prleo. T. A. SLOCUM ft CO,
18�� Adelaide St. W., Toronto, Ont
>*vMpney-avak
J0NLY
>10
ASKYOUR SEWING MACHINE AGENT ���
F0R1T, ORSENDA3CENTSTAMP |
FOR PARTICULARS. PRICE LIST,
SAMPLES,C0TT0NYARN,8.c,  '
***5|��
mm_& RANGES
Niulc from 0KI-6IML DEM and
:-:   Patterns   :-:
T[]p.y are Superb in Finish,
ai\d Superior in Quality of
Material & Workrqai\iliip,
Thoy Excel in Baling Qualities, ar-tl in Economy of
Fuel and Convenience.
: Thoy aro made to bum woed ex- ::
: clusively.or Coal and Wood.and ::
: In a Groat Variety of Sliea. nnd ::
: nro thoroforo adapted to tho ro- ::
: aulronionts of Largo or Small:,
F-imtilos, In any part ol tho Do*::
: minion. _, ^  ���  '���'���
Evory Stove Warranted. ;:
If you nre In want of a Cook Stove or Bane
Burner.--don't Ituy until you havo neon thia
'   [ftnfc Uno.   Hold hy lending Stovo Deal*
l-ilr-'ill'l
orn everywhere.
Manufactured by
Ihe GURNEY, TILOEN Co,, Ltd
Hamilton, Ont.
ORANBY RUBBERS.
I'liny givo perfect satisfaction in lit, stylo uud finis!], nnd it hns become a by
word that
"GiiAxiiY RtmUEits wear like iron,"
USE
Wide Awake
>   SOAR *
Li_""''"""���1. _-Ii-'-
A COMEDY DF ERRORS.
CHAPTER VII.
TRAQEDV.
Jessica was not the same after this.
The
sudden catastrophe had startle-) her iuto
seriousness. Her smiles aod her affectations
had alike ended. With John she wus now
very shy and tremulous, watching him
wistfully and coloring all over if he spoke
to her. But this hardly over happsned,and
never did he let his eyes meet hers.
*-Amn't you going to tell Captain Far*
quhar, dear Jess t" asked Flora kindly :
and Jessica, clenching her hand, replied
sadly i���
" I am afraid he knows ; but I am not
going to say one word about it unless he
does. Oh, Flora, let us come away."
After a few days' they wont ; and John
bade Flora good-bye, and thankedherfon.il
she had done; but he took no leave otJessiua.
Only a little brown boy brought her "from
b he nth-m-.n" n bunch of beautiful frail gum
ciatua which grows wild at Tangier, on the
hills where fly the hoopoe and the golden
bee-cater. Tho girls went away and visit-
od Cordova, and l.ranaila, ami Seville:
and the younger wns always very quiet nnd
subdued, and seemed anxious to get home
to Kngland.
At last ono evening Williams and Talbot
arrived at Victoria station in London, and
hither came Mr. Novill to meet them,
"Papa," said Jossica, "don't you remember Flora?"
"No," aaid Mr. Novill gruilly, staring at
tbo "maiden lady." "Upou my word, Miss
Williams is uot to bo recognized,"
"A rouah passage is unbecoming," said
Flora, with composure.
"And rejuvenating," returned Mr. Nevill
grimly.
Arrived at homo, he soundly blew his
daughter up.
"Vou duccivod mo, Jessica. You presented tint Miss Williams to me disguised.
I shall not allow your acquaintance with
her to continue. Do you mean to tell me
you two girls���girls, Jessica���have boen
touring about Kurnpo, and going to hotels
by yourselvest Djyouhear mo, Jessica?
It is disgraooful."
"I hear papa. Hut roally Flora is older
than a groat many widows. Aud niOBt
people thought wo wero Americans "
"Abominable I"
"But wo referred to Girton "
"Detestable 1"
m -md then every ono waa satisfied."
" I never was so vexed in my life. And
what possessed you, Jessica, to go to Spain?
It is not a rospectnblo country,"
" Wo wore quite respectable, papa. We
went to no bull-fight).'1
"Under your circumstances, Jessica, it
was tho worst tttsto. Did you forget that
John Farquhar ia at Gibraltar? I hope,
Jessica, you did not go near Gibraltar V
"We slept at Gibraltar for a night,
papa."
"Dear, dear mo I I do most sincerely
hope, my dear, that you did not Bee .lohn
thero."
" No. we didn't," quibbled Jessioa ;
" but if wo had, papa ?"
" My dear, yon speak like a baby. What
do you suppose .lohn would have thought
of you ? iluimim* about with another girl
of sixtoon, and I do dcclaro running after
him t Bless my soul ! Don't talk to me of
accident. He would never have believed
it an accident. Vou shall be introduced to
your cousin, Jessica, nowhere but iu your
father's bouse. Such conduct as you suggest might have led to his even refusing
your acquaintance I"
Jessioa coubln t, she really couldn't
just then confess tlio Tangier escapade,
which, having unexpectedly grown into
tragedy,was now all the harder to describe
as a more foolish jest. But tho opportune
moment for confession never turned up
afterward-*., and Jesaica became uu impostor.
Sho had to listen to a long account of poor
Mrs, Farquhar's death, as if Bhe knew
nothing about it ; and tho cirl having
taken rofugc in silence, Mr. Novill Baid
testily, "I do wish, Jessica, that I could
get you to tako a straw of interest in your
future husband!"
He continued displeased, which was very
trying both to himself and to his daughter,
���uul Jessica began to look worried und ill,
AU this was bad enough, but far worse followed.
One lino day a letter came from John
Farquhar,���a oourteouc, a penitential, but
a vory decided letter,���banging ro-
lease Irom his ongui-ement to his cousin.
Alas now for Jessica,
Mr. 'Nevill was oven more put about
than hu bud been by bis daughter'-* legacy.
He seemed quite unable to regard the matter either calmly or reasonably. One wonld
hive thought him a robber (now remorseful) who hai enriched his offspring by a
theft of somebody'-* diamonds,
"Oh, papa," sobbed Jessica, "don't
blame ino 1 I never even said old
Mr. Farquhar. It fs��V my fault. It isn't
any oue s fault. It does seem to me it
would be so much better just to Bend
John tbe money and have done with it.
Please, please, pleaso, papa, don't aak John
to marry mo when ho doesn't want to."
" I toll you what it is, Jessica." criod
Mr. Novill; " this is your fault somehow.
Vou have written him something ungeucr*
oub, grudging ; or stay���ho has heard of
your going about with that Miss Williams !
I dare say he saw you somewhere. Yes,
that must bo the explanation. Well, here's
the result, and I am sure I hopo you're
ashamed of yourself,"
Jessica began to cry-a thing Mr. Nevill
never could stand, Ho was all tenderness
In a momont���and for a moment,
"Never mind, nover mind, iny lovo. You
must givo up that most objectionable Miss
Williams, who has led you into thin deplorable mischief, and I will writo and explain
to John. I'll tell him that all tho blame
lay with lliat Miss Williams, and with me
for letting you ro with her. He shall forgive you."
"I'apa, please don't make uny osplana-
tloni to John. Oh, papa, lut it bo," sobbed
Jessica. "Ho lovoa some one olso, That's
what it is. I know it, papa." For Jossica
had pored and norod over John'ii letter till
she knew it by heart, and till she bad
road bi*i w. e i all iu lines, It was a vory
propor letter indued, uml there was one
aentonca in it which to Jessica seemed
to contain the oltio to it all, .Something
about "the only Bort of marriage congenial
to an English man" und a vague���a vory
vague���hint that he had already solcoted
the bride for mich an espousal. "Oh,"
thought Jessica, "itis true I I saw it at
the timo, and ho confesses it now. Hi
loves Flora ! Well, it was my own plan. 1
worked fnr it. I ought to bo pleased. Dear
Floral She ii worthy of him, if any one
Is. And I will bo uu old maid like Miss
Snow," sho ended, with a burst' of scalding
teardrops.
J--Bsioawrote ti.l.ihn Farquhar, a poor
little note, not nearly ceremonious enough
to please hor lather.    It ran thus ;������
"My Dear Cousin,���It ia muoh better to
marry tbo person one loves. And I uo, do
hope you will get the lady you want, whoever sho is. I knew papa was mistaken in
fancying yo-*. thought the monoy so important. But couldn't wo get Mr. Farquhar's
will altored ? Wc should so much rather bo
without all that money, Pleaso sometimes
think kindly of Jessica, who will alwayB ho
glad to know you are happy."
.When John received this letter from the
unknown cousin, ho felt for ihe first time a
throb of interest in her, "She must bo a
vory sweet girl, this Jessica," be said to
himself; "but, thank heaven t  I am frco."
CHAPTER VI1L
Cffit-ttiWI.*-! BBAROtl OF AWIFR,
John look stock of Ins poaition, for ho
now thought seriously of giiug a*wooing.
First, he bad definitely thrown away bis
rightful inheritance; but come I he was not
wholly without prsopocta. Ho had certain
well-to-do material kinsmen who could put
him iu the way of making a competent, if
he would leave the army and betake himself to commerce. Though {ond of his profession, John had never meant to Btay in it
beyond his father's death, so the idea of
civil lite wasnothina startlingly novel. Still,
beyond writing diplomatically and vaugsly
to his kinsmen, he did nothing rashly. The
lady of his choice might refuse him, In
which case death on the battle-field
seemed the one thing needful; or she might
prefer a poor warrior to a rich merchant -
or ahe might have a Utile money herself,
Not that the last seemed probable. John
had persuaded himself that Williams was
tlie rich one, and her companion a poor
student, preparing at Girton to earn her
own living.
" I shall get her away from there," he
told himself;" u college is a foolish place
for a woman." Oh, masculine prejudice I
To dub Flora's nursery " foolish1' when it
had reared her, ao pretty, so brave, ao practical, and so lively; emancipated yet not
strong-minded, after the fashion of Mrs,
(! eoffrey Cobbe !
Unable to find trace of the two girls in
Spain, though l.o ranrouud Andalueia looking for thoir names in the hotel books, John
at last dec-ded ho must writo to " tho foolish place " itself. Talbot had, of course,
returned thither, her Master holiday ended.
It waa now Juno, and, as prearranged, John
waa on leave and had came to Kngland to
f[o a-courting ; only not to his cousin the
lelreu,
He procured a list of the Girton students
and ran hia oyo over it. No mention of
Flora Williams; that was all right, for she
had desoribed herself as "gone dawn," John
found the namo he sought; read it, and gave
a little jump���"The Honorable Caroline
Talbot." How camo it he was unprepared
for that little addition? Well, no matter,
Kings and honorable women ate nothing to
a lover. Still a vision arose before his
imagination of a stiff, titled papa, who
might have smiled upon John Farquhar of
Farquhar Court, many acres, and a balanco
at the banker's; hut who would put on his
spectacles at plain John Farquhar of the
50!Hh, with his pay and no expectations.
However, be wt*pte to Miss Talbot
ceremoniously. And all day he went
aliout murmuring her name, "Caroline!" "Caroline 1' and wishing he thought
it as pretty aa " Jessica," After
a day or two came a reply from the Honorable Caroline, who wrote a very large hand
and used a very thick pen, so tnat lohn got
another little shock, having expected a
round, pretty littio writing like Jessica
Nevill's.
Dear Sir,���I hasten to answer your
letter of the'ith, though it is evidently not
intended for me. I have never boen at
Tangier, nor have I the pleasure of your
acquaintance. Your letter is probably for
my grand-aunt, Caroline Talbot of Mont-
pellier Square, Brighton ; but as she Is very
infirm it wilt be well to consult her physician beforo visiting her. I am, sir, yours
truly,
Caroline MARIANA Talbot."
TIub letter went at once Into the waste-
paper basket, and John Farquhar Bab biting his nails and wondering what on earth
he ehould do. His thoughts reverted to
Flora Williams, If he could catch hor,
he could doubtless catch her companion.
But, come now 1 had the two of them been
humbugging about Girton? If ao, how
tbe deuce waB he to find even Flora ? He
sat down and began another letter to Girton,
this time addressed to Miss Williams, to be
forwarded ; but he hesitated a little about
sending it, so much was his fear increasing
that neither would this letter find the person to whom it was written. And ho
Bat for hours staring at the envelope,
ready stamped and addressed, "Miss Williams, Girton College, Cambridge. To be
forwarded"���and he bit his nails, and an*
swered crossly if any one spoke to him, and
felt his heart and his hope aick unto death
within him.
Meanwhile Captain Farquhar's first
epistle bad been read and ridiculed by every
one of M iss Talbot's chums, none of whom
had a clue to thn mystery. But though
tho jest of receiving a letter which was almost a love-letter from an unknown man
was too good to be needlessly explained,
ahe had a guess at the truth herself. Privately ehe wrote to Flora :-���
Mv aoon William;*,���Who was that
malapert miss who borrowed my name to
inspect a lover in ? ihe lover is looking for
her, I send his missive, and leave lhe mat*
ter in your hands, students of Moral
Philosophy never regard affairs of the
heart.    Your-*,
" Talbot."
Flora, boing sensible, at once on receipt
of thiB letter, ran to ber mother and told
her the outlines of Jessica's history. And
Mrs. Williams, being still more sensible,
wrote a letter to John explaining the whole
course of errors. Flora, however, took the
precaution of reading her mother's letter before posting it, and was aghast at this ingenious spoiling of tbo comedy. Sho tore it to
pieces, and made Mrs. Williams compose
one totally different,
" You must say, my dear mother, that
you writo fnr your daughter, who is just
going to marry a man named Smith, and
is���walking out with him, mending his
stockings, or whatever you choose."
"My dear child," saiif simple Mra. Williams, "there la no such person. Are you
afraid this Captain Farquhar may fall in
love with you?"
" Not in the Ipast," said Flora coolly ;
"but I should gn-atly dislike his surmising
that I was In love with him. When you
have finished that sentence, mother, say
we have found out that he wants to renew
his acquaintance with Talbot, and shall be
happy to assist) him in doing ao, as we
know it will be agreeable to her,"
" No, my dear Flora,"said Mrs. Williams.
" I am older than you, and I am quite aure
it is imprudent to give this gentleman any
hint as to Jessfoa'a partiality, I shall aay,
* Though we are, of course, unable to answer
for the young lady that his doing so will
seem to her desirable.' "
" Wull, mother���then go on and beg him
to come here on Saturday and stay with us
till Monday, so that we may tako him to
see her. Don't vou aee, mother, you and I
are to dine at Nevill Lodge on Saturday,
and Jessica lias written to aay one of the
men has failed, and won't we, for pity's
aako, bring aomo one. Just as if our men
were plentiful as blackberries I But really
it's providential; we will take John Farquhar."
" My dear love 1" exclaimed Mrs. Williama.
" It will be thrilling I" cried Flora. -��� I
am just dying to Bee what he'll do 1"
" But, my dear ohild, suppose Jessica
doesn't want to meet him?"
" 1 lien sho can go to bed With a sick
headache. Nature provided that complaint
for those emergencies. But my own opinion is that Jessica will meet him, and that
it will all come right, mother. It's the
greatest fun in tho world 1" cried Flora.
How came " that Miss Williams" to be
dining iu Mr, Nevill's house after he had
forbidden Jessioa her further acquaintance?
The faat was, tho child changed so much
that her father had taken fright, and by
this time was indulging her in every way
he could think of, Jossica was fretting���
there could be no doubt about it; and what
made matters worso was that no one could
tell what Bhe waa fretting about. She grew
pain and thin ; ber dimples were gono ; her
gay dresses hidden ; her dancing step had
become a slow aud languid tro-id. Sho had
no littio josts ready; no affectations
merry coaxings and saucy whims, She tat
much in her own room, and often oame d<
wilh tear-stained oyes. Once Mr. Nevill
cr tight hor sobbing ovor some dead oistus
flower?.
He read to ber, walked with her, rode
with her diligently ; he was always ready
to talk to her, but Lheir speech was of prim,
bookish subjects, whioh told him nothing.
Neither John Farquhar nor Jessica's for*
tunc was over mentioned.    At last sho got
a cough, and the servants Baid she was
going into a decline. Mr. Nevill took her
to town to aee a physician, and the learned
man thumped her on the chest and slapped
her on the back, and stethoscoped and
laryngoicoped her till she was terrified ;
finally pronounced that ahe had nothing
the matter with her ; and asked her father
privately if she had, perhaps, been crossed
io love ?
Very nobly, Mr. Nevill took the hint,
and sent next day for Mr. Hobson. But
Jessioa would none of Mr. Hobson ; and
when Sir Edgar Lee, tbe admirable baronet,
made bia long-expected proposal, Jesaica
hunted him out of the county at onoe turning up her little nose most disdainfully.
"Still resolved to be a single woman,
Jesa ?" asked Mr. Nevill, in despair.
" I think, papa," replied Jessica, "to be
like Mias Snow la best. Aod sometimes I
wonder whether I am High Church enough
3 get on in a sisterhood."
More alarmed thau ever, Mr. Nevill, with
sigh told her that if ahe wished she might
go to Qirton, which is a sisterhood indeed
of a sort, but one not oblivious of holidays.
Yet Jessica only aaid quietly, "Thank you,
papa, but I don't want tu go now," and he
felt moro anxious than before.
1 Toll me something you would like, my
love," said Mr. Nevill, clasping her to his
breast ; and Jesaica brightened a little.aml
auswered i���
I ahould like to aee my dear Flora,
papa."
Mr. Nevill hurried off in the tram instantaneously, and brought Miss Williams back
with him. After which there was peace
between the two families; and Mrs. Williams
and Flora recoived invitations for the
dinner-party.
On the morning of the day for thn festivity behold a note from Flora to her friend's
father.
Dear Mr. Nevill,���Jessica asked ua to
bring aome one to replaco your sick clergyman at dinner. Our friend Captain Farquhar will be here then, aud mamma thinks
you will not object to him accompanying us.
I fa-icy he is a relation of youra,ao it seems
suitablo,
1 Oh, papa, no I" cried Jessica, with a
blazing spot on each pale cheek. "I cannot
meet John Farquhar I   I cannot."
" My love," said Mr. Nevill, *' no doubt
it ia hia own wish, to show that on neither
side, after all that has occurred is there any
feeling of soreness or grudge,"
" But I believe he's engaged to Flora 1"
burst out Jessica,
To Flora ! Bless me I ia that how the
wind blows? You queer girla, nover to have
told me she ever knew bim I Como now,
Jess ; for your friends sake, if for no other,
you must oblige me by being civil to your
cousin."
And poor Jessica stood looking at her
father with piteous eyes, wishing she had
courage to confess and to explain. She
could not do it,and she crept away and cried
bitterly in her own room.
41 Oh, it will be hard to Bee them together l"bhe sobbed. " But I have got to bear
it, for it was my own plan, and 1 lora will
expect me to bo pleased. No one must
ever know how I really feel. No one I no
one I"
{to be continued.)
CAUSE OF MANY DISEASES.
BaeCerla and IIswTIuij are Cultivated nnd
studied by aclemuts.
Surgeon General Sternberg, the other
evening,showed a Urgegnthering of military
men how cholera and other disease germs
are cultivated ut theU. S, Army Medical
Museum. Experiments in bacteriology are
being conducted here under Dr. Sternberg's
supervision, and he himself has an enviable
record aa a discoverer in this science. Tho
lecturer began with a short historical account of the discovery of tho germs of
typhoid fever, glanders, tuberculoaia,teproay
pneumonia, diphtheria, lockjaw and other
diseases, which,ho said, were propagated in
one way or another by small germs. These
are classed as miorococi, whon they are
round as in diphtberia.as bacilli whon they
are straight as hi tuberculosis, and as
spirilli when they are shaped like a corkscrew as ia the cholera gcrmi. All these
WKRE SO SMALL
that when magnified 2,000 times thoy have
a diameter of sullicient sin to be photographed. These germs are cultivated ai
the Medical Museum iu different mediums,
chief of which Is beef tea mingled with aa.lt
and gelatine. The lecturer showed how
the germs were taken from dead bodies
and safely planted and transplanted so thai
they could be Btudiod. There seemed to
be aome doubt in the minds of his hearers
about the absolute safety of handling the
deadly cholera germs, but the doctor said
that they were very easily killed, and in
some respects loss to be feared than other
germa. He Baid that boat was a wonderful
germicide, and that no germ could live
after being exposed to a temperature ot 140
Fahrenheit, Some ono suggested that it a
man could stand the boiling it would be
very easy to rid him of the cholera. The
doctor said that tho cholera germ died on
exposure to the sunlight for twenty-four
hours, but to mako assurance doubly aure
we wero in tbe habit of killing bim with a
sledge hammer. The baclllui of typhoid
fever and of tuberculosis were vory _���_ _
TENACIOUS OF 1.1 KB,
which explained in part the prevalence of
these diseases. All germs became attenuated when they were cultivated outside the
human body, so that after a while they
lost their power to attack the subject
violently. The germs lived in water aomo-
tlmes for a long period and when drank
produced mild forms of diseaso. When
reproduced In the body they recovered
their vitality. Dr. Sternberg said thnt influenza or the grip was fo-tid to be a germ
disease and its prevalence w..s due to the
fact that people give it off iu their breath
and take no precautions to prevent it. The
popular idea that tobacco was a preventive
ot this olass of disease was mistaken, for
a student, once experimented and found
that bacteria would flourish in a tobacco
culture. Somo genus could he killed by
immersion for a long time in alcohol, but
tho average germ would only laugh at old
Kentucky or commissary whisky.
HEALTH.
Disia'eotauti-
Long before people understood, the manner in which contagious and infectioua diseases were communicated from one person
to another, the importance had been fully
established of a thorough disinfection of
the patient's clothing and of the room which
he had occupied ; but the agents formerly
employed for thia purpose, sulphur included, are now believed to be wholly use-
leas.
At present only three ohemlcal agents are
recognized as of value in completely destroying the germa of disease und preventing
their spread. Theae are carbolic acid, corrosive sublimate and chloride of lime ; and
it is at onoe apparent, to every one ac all
familiar with theae chemicals, that their
employment ia necessarily restricted, as all
of them are irritant poisons when used io
excess.
Of the three, chloride of lime is perhaps
the one which may be said to deserve tne
greatest commendation, on account of its
cheapness and the comparatively little
danger attendiug ita uae.
Gorman authorities advocate the employment of steam and heat, justly maintaining
that in these we have cheap and efficient
ageuts, which are also highly penetrable
and at the same time dangerous to hat few
household articles.
Tho fol'owing rules may be aaid to con*
form to the latest approved methods of disinfection :
1. All fabrics which will not be injured
in the process must be boiled in water for
at least four hours.
Fabrics which will not stand this
treatment are to be subjected to tbe action
of dry heat for a much longer time.
3. Furniture, eta,, may be treated with
a four-tenths per cent, solution of carbolic
acid,
4. All articles which have been in astual
use by the patient must be burned,
("). The waits of the room must bo thoroughly rubbed down with broad which
must afterward bo burned.
6. The sputa and excrements of tho patient must be at once treated with chloride
of lime.
It is evident that upon tho thoroughness
of disinfection depends not only the private,
but the public welfare.
Take Care ofthe Gums.
* People are losing lheir teeth from a
new cause nowadays," aaid a dental surgeon the other day. " It ia a complaint
which seems to have become common only
within the last fifteen yeara or ao. 'Recession of the gums' it is called. Tarter is
deposited at an abnormal rate, and this
carbonate of lime secreted from the saliva
pushes the gums back from the teeth. After
a while, if nothing is done to prevent, the
trouble gets as far aa the sockets, which
become inflamed. Finally the teeth fall
out. A well-knowu statesman camo to me
fourteen years ago with a bad case of the
disease. Every tooth in his head was loose,
and one of them was ao far gone that I took
it between my thumb aud finger and quietly
lifted it out; Within three months I had
fixed him up ao that all the reat of his dental equipment was porfectly solid in hia
jaws. It waB accomplished simply by re*
moving the destructive tartar and preventing it From accumulating again ; also with
the aid of a little medicine applied to the
gums. The distinguished patient of
whom I apeak cornea to me every
two or three months and undergoes a
little treatment. In that way 1 have
been able to keep hia teeth for him
thua far. It ia a peculiar disease. In a
case so far advanced as the oue I have
described it can hardly be cured. That is
to say, the tendency to an accumulation of
tartar cannot be stopped. All that can be
done is to prevent it from accumulating by
scraping it away at intervals and by medicinal applications to the gums. In an early
stage, however, the complaint is perfectly
oitrable and the tendency in most cases can
be overcome. But much care and continual
attention are required. Otherwise the person will have lost aome of his teeth by the
time he is 40 years old, and after that the
rest of them will go rapidly. The making
of false teeth has arrived at groat perfection, but at best they are poor substitutes.
As I have said, this may be regarded as a
new disease. At all events, it ia only in
recent years that it haa become prevalent.
It is important that people's attention
should be called to it. From 7 years to
'20 care ahould be taken of tho tenth lea
tley decay. There is little danger of that
after the twentieth year is passed. But
from that timo on one ahould look out for
tartar. A mouth affected in the way I
speak of is almost worso than a badly decayed mouth. The trouble means certain
loss of the teeth unless looked out tor and
treated.
a little gruel on retiring. Wc know thc
glass of hot whisky and water is vury
comforting if taken at the early stage of a
cold; but ao oan not recommend it: because,
after all, a cold is a mild attack of fever,
accompanied by more or less inflammation
of the membrane lining the air passages;
hence, anything of a al imulating naturi like
whiskey, must increase the inflammatory
action and tend to usher in bronchitis.
PRISONS AND POLIOS.
���ittme Interettlm reels and Flxaresfroia
Many Land*.
Peking has 1300 police stations.
California convicts each cost the State
,12c a day.
The most frequent crime in California is
burglary.
Drunkenness ia the most common offense
in Russia.
Dublin, with a population of 350,000, has
1140 police.
Last yoar thero were in Vienna 316
suicides and 333 attempts.
In the French prisons religious instruction ia provided for alt inmates.
The Hawaiian Islands have sixty policemen regularly employed as suoh,
Texas has ten State farms on which the
convicts are worked under contract.
Ovor one-third of the arroati in Havana
were for quarreling and Ugh tin-*.
The Bertlllon system of identifying criminals was adopted in Franc j in ISS9.
The London Police rely on their flits in
tho daytime.   At night they carry clubs.
New (Means has 24'2,000 and 274 police.
Last year's arrests numbered 21,812,
Tho only system of signal in use among
tho Rio poli-jo is a weekly watchword.
Legal executions in Mexico aro by shooting, and take place in the prison yard.
Of the 1233 prisoners in California 700
are American born, aud 401 are foreign*
ers.
The United States has 395 prisoners at
Fort Leavenworth, 229 of whom are deserters.
Smoking is permitted in the prisons of
Belgium only as a reward for good behavior.
Rio de Janeiro has 550,000 population
and 2010 police, who iu 1S90 made 10,340
arrests.
All improper resorts in the City of Mev-
ieo are regularly classified, graded and
licensed.
Political offenses in Germany and France
are punished by imprisonment in a fortress.
Three-tenths of the earnings of a Belgian
convict are set aside for his benefit on release.
The management of the Austrian prisons
for women is in the hands of female religious
orders,
Chinese jailers live on what thoy oan
squeeze out of the prisoners or the prisoner'*!
friends.
In the Hong Kong prison 115 cases of
prisoners fighting with each other occurred
during 1890.
St. Petersburg's population ia 1,000,000.
Thero aro 2105 police, who iu 1890 made
"0,002 arrests.
Thore are three ordinary modes of execution in China���siloing to pieces, decapitation and strangulation.
In Glasgow last year ->77 persons were
arrested and finod for failing to sweep their
steps or pavements.
WHITE  TRAVELLERS   KILLED IS
AFHIC4.
Several orThem  Murdered At Invnya by
the Mntnbele*.
A Cape Town special aays:���The Cape
Argus aaya that the Matabeloa have murdered at Invoya Beveral white travelers from
the Zambesi region.
A dispatch received Friday from Mozambique aays; "Reports from Victoria aay
that H.H. Johnston, Imperial commissioner
to central Africa, is at Lake Nyassa avenging the treachery of Chief Makanjira, who
caused the disaster to Captain Magulro and
his party. Old Makanjira baa since been
murdered, but thc successor to the hereditary title has now been routed, and his
positions have been captured and a number
of slaves havo been released. Mr. Johnston's force waa lately augumented by 100
Sikhs, two British olnoore.and tbe gunboats
Pioneer and Adventurer, manned by sea*
men. The British lost one man. One Sikh
and two irregulars were killed and nino
wero wounded. Tne date of these advices
is not given.
Sir J.Q. Sprigg, cabinet minister in Cape
Colony, said in a speech in Kast London
last evening that the government of Cape
Colony ought to bo vested in tho bands of
the people, to whom the ministers should
bo answerable. The colony oughtnot to be
governed virtually by ministers 0,000 miles
distant and ignorant of the country's needs.
The minister referred to Pondoland, where
serious fighting is in progress botwoon
Chief Patekcleand Paramount Chief Siglau,
which ia reported to have resulted diaas*
trcusly to the latter. He said that the cape
government muat interfere in thc campaign
v. Ith a view to improving the condition of
the natives and stopping tho cruelty of the
raiders.
Causa aad Cure of Colds-
Now is tho season for colds, nnd singularly prevalent they have been of late, and the
typo of the present attacks reminds us very
much of the dreaded Russian infiuenza that
only too lecently occupied a position of importance in our vital statistics. Lot us
briefly consider a few ways of catching eold.
By taking too muoh care, for instance. The
healthy need not stay indoors because It is
oold, wet or foggy ; on the contrary, they
should brace up the system by getting out
of doors"in all woateer���rain, frost, fog or
shine. The colder the weather, so much
moro tho need to go out part of eaoh day.
The exorcise will equalize the circulation, and
besides, in such weather tho air of the house
will be all tbe more impure, because doors
and windows are kept closed,and there is littio chance of the eacape of the vitiated products ariaing from gaslights,cooking stoves,
etc, In far the larger number cf casea.colds
arise from allowing the body to cool down
too quickly after exercise. Exercise heats
the body and produces porspiration,aod this
in turn cools the system ; therefore, when
arriving home after exertion, the indication is rather to put on an extra wrap for
a short time than to quickly cast oil the
overcoat or mantle. Then colds often follow a short nap or prolonged sleep when i:o
extra wrap has been thrown over tho sleeper. In sleep the natural production of
heat iB limited, and we are peculiarly liable
to surrounding draughts, and this form of
cold is the one molt likely to end in bronchitis, pneumonia or rheumatism. Theu
there la the favorite method of getting cold
by passing, when over-heated, from tbo
theater or ball-room without sufficient
oxtra clothing, the waiting for cab or carriage, and talking all the time. The lungs
contain 000,000,000 of air cells, and represent a breathing surface of 0 square feet,
and in health are filled with air at a temperature of 95 ��, By breathing with the
mouth closed, we prevent these air cells
being cooled down too quickly, aa the air
passing through the nose is warmed boforo
it reaches the lungs.
Clothing is worn, not to produce body
hea1, but to prevent radiation; hence,
flannel and wool, being non-conductors of
heat, should be worn next to the skin.
And that part of the lungs lying between
the shoulder-blades is lhe portion requiring
the most careful protection from the weather; here the luugs are close to the aurface,
and are quickly chilled by cold or wind,
The delicate will find an under*jacket of
porous chamois leather an excellent protection, and it has the advantage of washing
well. Many so-called felt or skin chest-
protectors are worn here until they teem
with mioroscopio life. I'erionB very prone
to tako cold will find tho morning cold
sponge-bath of groat service. The very
delicito may begin with tepid water anp
paas on to oold.
When tho first symptoms are felt use a
hot mustard bath aud take some hot fluid���
coffee, milk or gruel���and then retire to
bed and sleep between blanko's. If tho
cold be of a severe typo���full pulse, cough,
pain and oppression on breathing���an adult
may take ton grains of Dover's powder iu
HIRAM MAXIlt THE IMVENTOK.
PosseKicil or Industry, Energy and a Wonderful Knowledge ofMecliit'ilc-t.
Among all the scientific men whose researches have contributed to the noar solution of tho problem of aorial navigation
Hiram S. Maxim, the inventor of the air
ship, stands foremost, says McClure's Magazine. As the inventor of the Maxim gun
and many other ingenious machines of less
importance, ho had won a world-wide fame
before the navigation of the air became tho
chief object of his study and investigation,
iteginnitig life 53 years ago, with a common
school education and jaok knife, in San
gervil.c, Mc, he is now the proud possessor of a town house lo London and is
lord of tho manor at Baldwyn's Park, a
stretching domain of hundreds of acres,
whicli he leased five yoars ago as well
adapted to his preliminary experiments,
Mr. Maxim i-i a man of medium height and
solid build, his weight being 210 pounds.
His hair, mustache, and beard are white,
but his mental and physical energy are astonishing, and go far to explain the variety
and extent of thc results he has achieved.
The work of inventing and constructing a
flying-machine, nearly overy part, of which,
from boiler to connecting rods, is a variation
from existing appliances, enforced by the
necessities of tho occasion,ia one which could
only be undertaken by a man of much ingenuity, equipped with an extraordinary
practical knowledge of mechanics. Kven
with these advantages, success would be
impossible without unfailing energy and
industry. All theso qualities are, however,
clearly visible in the manner and speech of
the inventor. His voice and actions show
great physical strength, white hia eyes,
which are a deep brown, full and w-deopBti.
have continuously the semi-absorbed, preoccupied look of tho atudeot concentrated
upon a problem. A courteous host, u jolly,
even boisterous, Btory teller, and a wonderful mechanician, Mr, Maxim is in his way
as unusual as his machine. Withal he has
sturdy Americanism which personas
interviews with half the reigning monarch
of Kurope have not in the least uHecied,
and he retains a pleasant conviction that
of all the spots on tho map of tho world
not one is ao important or so agreeable to
contomplato as tho good old " down east"
Stato oi Maine. Tha American flag bangs
in his hall, and ho regards the United
States as tho safest, in fact the only, plaoe
in whioh to invest his monoy, a conclusion
which is not without its impoi tauce, considering that hisknowlodgo of European countries from the military, political and linanl
eial standpoints has boen attained through-
tho channels nf the guu business, and is,
therefore, both  comprehensive   and exact,
A MAN WHO FLIES.
Bow a Prussian Soar* Like a  Bird Short
Dlitaucea-
In an'article on " Experiments in Flying,'
London Nature says; Mr, O. Lilienthat
seems to me to have taken a step in the
right direction by trying to learn soaring.
���The uwrnpuiy UWntlon-, which a*ro [T "i.'S'*'!}?, Jf"Tf^ ^^^'1
reproductionsofin.tuun.ou.photogreph. g�� J^rST^^.-JmKS?
Jenir, 3t-.HU, near Bertin, .Sow & A, | SK5S�� 2S&S!��!2��
he slides down a alight dooline of 10   or 15.
.fi^rfiir
'li!.P^S-^_       _
a���-.*-.*-.*-��� PIa*    I
The shape of the wings is not flat, but
slightly curved. The experiments recorded
in his book, *��� Bor Vogelllug," show that
the curved form has decided advantages,
both as regards the amount and the direction of the resistance, Tiie wing surface
is 15 square meters. It is not safe to
tako a larger surface beforo having
learned    to    manage    a    smaller    one.
-���..<fcW**%***,fftiW|**1|i��-*W
Fin. 2.
He takes a sharp run of four or five
steps against the wind, jumps into tho air
ami slides down over a distance of about
'250 meters. By shifting his center of gravity to the center of resistance be can give
the wing surface any inclination, and thereby can, to a certain extent, cither slide
down quicker, or slacken ths movement, or
alter the direction.   If the wind is uot too
W��
Fill. 3,
strong, and the aurface of the apparatus
not too large, I think theta is very little
danger iu this kind of practice. If it in
taken up by a great many people, improvements ot the apparatus are sure to follow,
and the art of keeping cue's balanco in the
air will be developed. Perhaps this is the
road to Hying, At any rate, it must be fine
sport.
ABANDONED BA1LB0AD3.
Kansas Enterprise*-  Thnt  Have i.imii*   to
ItoIn and fau'l lie ('Iveii Awny,
There is a railroad in Kansas bridged
ironed and ready for businoss which ils
ownera would bo willing to give away if
they could find a taker who would bo will*
ing to operate it and assume responsibility
tor it under tho laws ofthe State, It is
eighteen miles long and runs from a point
on the Atchison, Topska and Santa Fe
twenty miles west of Kansas City south
to Olathe, the county seat of Johnson
county.
It was originally chartered under h e
high-sounding name of the " Ss. Louis,
Lawrence and Deliver," and in its inception was an enterprise of hope and promise,
It was a scheme to bring lhe mountain to
Mahomet. Lawrenco was jealous of Kansas
City's growing trade and supremacy, and
some ot her citizens conceived the idea of
building a railroad behind the rival city
This done, they fondly hoped that it would
bo the end of Kaiisat City, and lhat Lawrence's greatness would be fixed fur all
time.
The Missouri Pacific undertook to operate the road, and did oporate it for some
yeara, but the big things that wero expected
of it never materialized. Commerce refused lo recognize Lawrence's greatness or
possibilities, and trade followed the longer
routo by way of Kansas City as before,
the Lawrence jobbing firm which had originally set the project in motion pulled out
of tlie old town and moved lo Kansas t'uy,
whore it has since grown enormously rich,
and enjoys n trado larger than auy other
house on tho Missouri river;
Then the Atchison, Topeka and Santa
Fo came into possession of tbo road and
triad to make uso of it, but that scheme
failed. Next it fell into the bauds of tbe
Kansas City, Fort Scott and Memphis, and
the Olathe and Pleasant Hill end of it was
made a part of that system's Clinton lino,]
and as such ia profitable. Tho other ond of'
it waa abandoned.���[St. Louis Republic.
LIVING ft SOUTH AFRICA-
.Vervout American lecounti gome at
Ibe little Drawback-* of Lire la ihe
Treplea���Leopards Meowing on the
Back rence, nud Ostriches Cackling
la lhe Yard.
It may be regarded as absolutely certain,
' ��� per'a Weekly, that
colored   individual
��� ..    D ___., rithstand-
log his experience at managing sixty wives,
will sooner or later have to submit to the
British forces, And it will probably ocour
sooner rather than later. If the colored
monarch was a student of history b. would
know that the chief recreation of John Bull
for a century Lu been found in taking his
fowliog-piece and game-bag and going out
after a mess of colored potentates. He recognizes uo close season in this variety of
sport, and he invariably comes back with
the game ou the inside of the bag and a
smile on the face of J. B. The best thing
Lo P'-'-.gula can do is to compromise, save
e* many wives aa he oan out of the wreck,
givo up his title of King, and take aome
such unobtrusive title as governor, deputy
man-hal, justice of thc peace, or whatever
the British see fit to allow him.
The stilling of Lo Bengula promises to
open a large territory to settlers, and already
wo observe considerable speculation in the
newspapers as to the prospects tor settlera
from this country. Tho region is said to
abound io goldmines.
DI tUtOXD QVABtttBS.
and other desirable terrestrial openings.
These are good und seemly things in their
way, but the prudent emigrant will be apt
to inquire if there is anything to eat in tne
country. Diamonds iu the rough cannot be
looked upon as an article of diet, except,
perhaps, for tho domestic hen; and wo fail
to see any reason for entertaining the belief
that a diamond-fattened hen would be soy
better thau the ordinary gravel-fed hen.
But supposing the question of food sup*
ply were settled satisfactorily, there remain
many othor grave problems confronting the
expectant emigrant to South Africa. Chief
of these, we should say, would be the nightly fighting and meowing of tigers on the
back fence. Indeed, it seems probable that
in the exaggerated and ridiculous animala
of South Africa is to be found the real reason for giving the prospectice settler pause.
The tiger idea just put forward, we presume, will cause many to give up the move.
Who that hath listened to the common
domestic cat���and wlio hath not?���
ON TUB BACK PHNOB
of a night would care to encounter the samo
thing intensified fiftyfold ? It would bo
maddening, especially if tliey got under the
houso, and bumped their heads up against
the floor as they fought. This, with leopards and���but the subject is too harrowing.
We presume that the lion would scarcely
condescend to roost lengthwise of a rear
fenoe at throe o'clock in the morning, with
the hair on liis back Btanding up while he
yowled defiance at another lion, us we have
just shown that tho lion is wont to do ; but
the lion, nevertheless, is not a desirable
neighbor. A close perusal of bunting
stories, extending over a term of years,
has led us to believe that the African lion
spends his entiro timo lashing his sides with
hia tail, Tho aharp "swish of the lion's
tail as it cuts the air, together with the
hollow thump as it beats his royal ribs,
will also be found annoying to those not
accustomed to it. Besides, while prospecting for a now diamond mine, or for a tender foot to whom an old diamond mine can be
old, lhe danger of being knocked over by the
impetuous sweep of an enraged lion's tall
must be considerable.
But of coureo these absurd overgrown
cats are not tbe only wild animals which
infest South Africa. It is a warm country,
and necessarily houses must be moro or lose
open: but no doubt it will be comparatively
easy to get accustomed to having elephants
reach in at tlio dining-room windows and
steal lhe mineral*water oil tho sideboard.
Or tlio mineral-water can be kept down
collar, though the monkoys will bo apt to
get it wherever it is stored. But privacy
witb giraffes looking in the secoud-story
windows will be impossible. Wo may be
unduly apprehensive, but it seems to us
that the hippopotami are going to he some,
what rough on the gardens; and the way
in which a rhinoceros will be able to walk
along down a line of drying clothes and
carry them otf
IMPALED ON HIS  1I011N
will bo calculated to drive a housewife mad.
Tbo possession of a gravel-walk made of
uncut diamonds could scarcely compensate.
It might bo possible to fenco out many of
ihesn obnoxious beasts with barbed wire,
but in this case there would be tho constant
danger of the ostriches pickingoff the barbs
for breakfast. And speaking of ostriches
calls up another possible terror for the nervous man. Wc refer lo the cacklo of the
female ostrich as she flics off tho nest. Thia
must bo deafening if she cackles in proportion to hor si/e, something, however, which
sho may not do. African travellers aro up
much taken up with blushing tho tails of
their lions about in the air that tliey wholly
neglect to tell us of the habits of the ostrich
in this ronpect. But it is going to be noisy
enough anyhow, without tho ostrich cackle.
South Africa may bean excellent place for
residence, but it can do no harm to look
into certain points before rushing off to it
ii
TelelKobir-
Alexandria was bombarded by Admiral '
Seymour, July 11*13, 1882. Tel-el-Kobir,
tho sight of tho entronchod camp of the
rebel general, Arab! Pashi, was captured
by the British under Sir Garnet Wolseley,
on September VI, 1SS'2. Sir Garnet Wolseley broke up hia camp at Iatnailia on tho
night of September 1*2, and began bia advance nt 1.110 a.in., his force being about-
11,000 infantry, 2,00;) cavalry and 40 guns ;
the troops marched rapidly in the dark,
each regiment endeavoring to be first. At
daybreak they arrived at the camp. Tbe
surprised Kgyptlaus filled the trenches and.
fought welf under cover; but when the
British scaled the parapets, they at first
resisted bravely, but afterwards fled, being
hotly pursued by the British cavalry, leaving all their guns, ammunition, otc, in the
hands of the victors. Thousands were killed or made prisoners. Arahi Pasha lied towards Cairo. The British General's masterly plans of the campaign was thus successfully carried out by ellicient stall' and gallant army, which included many young
soldiers. Tho Irish und Highland regiments and tlie Guards wero specially distinguished, Arabi Pasha's army was completely broken up, and the British entered
Cairn the next day, September 14. The
Highlanders bore the brunt of this aotion.
Thc liritish killed numbered about .VJ,
wounded about .'ISO. Tbo Kgyptians killed
and wounded were about 1,,'.00.
The Colorado Sao* IW
The observing Colorado miner cannot furnish you scientific names, yet be will toll
you at onoe that red biiow is caused by tho
snow flea. The snow Ilea is vury amall. It
would require about fifty of thum to equal
thoir larger brother of the lvist. iu si/e.
A person walking upright might think
the snow covered by a vury line dust, but
if your eyes are good, and you placo your
fscu within eighteen or twenty inches of
the anow, you can easily disuern lho anow
flea. Although so small in to bo utmost
imperceptible to the naked oyo, yet thuy
are most active, jumping from twelve lo
fifteen inches.
To the naked eye they appear to bo dark
brown in color, but under a -;ood micro-scope
they would ho found lo bu a raddish brown.
During cold weather lhey stay under the
bark ot trees, but when it is u nice, warm
day, and tho aim ahines brightly, you can
find them on tho southern and eastern
slopes of tho mountains, where tliey can
get the direct rays of tlie sun.
During tho day they wilt ascond the
mountains, sometime.- far abovo tho lio.ber
line. When tlio sun disappears and it gets
aold, the snow flea freeze!! to death. During the winter great uumhurs will he thus
frozen, and their dead bodies color the
snow.
Foot rails upon the south and ' cast sides
of tho mountains will, if it bo a hard winter,
be colored, f*.r when lhe snow ilea strikes a
deep trail through the snow, millions upon
millions of thom never get out, but Derish
from the cold during the night. Besides, a
man with a good-sized foot might kill from
ono thousand to ten thousand of them
every stop.
The snow ilea favors the south and cast
sides of the mountains, and it is there you
will find the red enow. Tne non-observing
will say there is no such thing as snow
If fleas, because tbey have nover seen thorn,
:' bit you can easily prove to them, if you
, will look upou the right kind of a day, that
.lhey do exist in countless numbers.
Many who first try a h team or do not know
that all food to bo cooked should be well
mixed and moistened with waler before
turning on the steam, othorwise they will
find their fund in as raw a condition iu the
morning as when Ihoy loft it, Turning the
steam on to dry feed Beems to havo liltlo
effect on it for some reason.
Surprised.
A school teacher, who iiad been tolling
thu story of David, ended with "And all
ttiis happened over it.���������HI yearn ngo.
A Httlo   cherub,   im bluo   eyes opening
|i -wide with wonder, said, after a moment's
thought, "Oh   dear,   what a   memory you
have got I"
Fqw save lho poor feel for the poor.
MUD AVALANCHES.
l riic-nuiiirno'i lhal Ih Slowly t'hsnnlllg
thr Fi'iiiiin-t or llie Himalayan,
Explorers are discovering that mud avalanches aro a powerful element iudotermin*
ing the physical features of the Himalayan
regions. A number of traveller* havo observed tho results of theso great* rushes of
mud and rock, but vety fow havo lieen so
fortunate sn to seo them. Mr. M.W. Conway bad that good fortune t.while ago, and
lias given a description of one of those falling avalanches to the Royal Geographical
Society of London.
Hi-i party woro travelling up tlie Oilgit
Valley adjoining tho Himalayas, in Uio extreme northern part of India, Suddenly
thoy heard a noise as of continuous thunder.
They saw a huge mud uvulanuhe sweeping
down a Bluep gully between two mountains
nppusita thorn. Tho oii-riMh and weight of
the mud Lure from the aides of the gully
masses of rook and rolled i hum over liko so
iiuriy pebbles. Kach of tlio big rocks that
funned tho vanguard of the avalanche
weighed many tons. Tho mass of mud had
a width af forty feet and wan fifteen foot
deep and moved at the rate of fivo miles au
hour. Ina few minutes tho mass of stuff
becamo shallower. The mixture was thou
half mud and half rocks and flowed faster.
Now and then ono of the larger rocks barred tbe way, and mud filled up behind it
and fini-Py awtpt it on. Looking up the
gully, Mr. Conway could see that earth
from its stdos was constantly falling in the
mud river and being swept as  a pact of it.
All this material poured ovor into the
gorge through which the river runs. It did
not reach thu river, but spread out and
piled upon one Hide of it. Conway saya
that ibis accumulation of dobris has piled
up all along the valley to a depth of .MM) to
11)110 feot, and that the Gilgit River flows
In a aort of cauou built up by this accumulation. If tho valley were filled up in thia
way to a depth of 'J,000 or .'1,000 feet moro
t would resemidu (in* Pamirs, and all the
deeply filled valleys that are characteristic
of tlio Central Asian plateau, Conway says
that mud avalanches have dono nil this
work of tilling up the valleys, und havo
done it with great rapidity,
Theso avalanches show how rapidly, mi*
d-r the inllucncu of n'otaturc, cold and heat,
thu denudation, or crumbling of those stu-
pendous rock masses of tho Himalayas is
going on. It is thia denudation that pro
vides lhe material for mud avalanches. Th
levelling processes of nature are in contin
ual operation and millions of tona of rook
dust and fragments of rook are taken away
from tl e upper portion of tho mountains and
deposited In tho valleys. THE WEEKLY NEWS, FEB. 21, 1894.
THE WEEKLY NEWS
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MRta!, Feb, 21s 1894
In looking over our books we find that
tinny of our subscribers are in arrears,
some of thein for many months. Newspapers can not be run on credit, and we
must urge all who know themselves to
be indebted to us to at once forward the
amount.
Our subscribers nn Valdes Island will
please pay amount due from them to this
paper 0 Mr. Robert Hall, storekeeper
and postmaster, who is authorized to re-
calve and receipt therefor.
The Estimates.
The estimates as brought down give
$15,000 tc Comox District of which $5,*
000 goes to the construction of the Long
Bridge. This is $3,000 more than last
year. Out ofthe $1.1,000 last year$t,oco
went to Queen Charlotte Islands while
none of the $15,000 granted this year
Hoes in that direction but is to be expended at home, so to speak.
As to the Long Bridge we are not informed as to the kind of structure that
��ill be erected. If it is to be a bridge instead of an embankment we hope it will
bu filled in at the north end, so that the
bridge proper will be hereafter a short
structure. It is to be hoped also that
the farmers whose lands will be benefited
by being kept from overflow will be able
to make sonir satisfactory arrangement
v-ith the government to put in a floodgate. We take it for granted lhat they
w ill be willing to contribute towards so
desirable an end, and doubt not that the
government will-meet them in a liberal
spirit,
We confess to a little disappointment
in not finding a sum placed in the estimates for a bridge across Oyster River
and also for making a begining on the
Trunk Road between Courtenay anil Nanaimo, We trust that something may be
done in this regard in the supplementary
climates, at least enough provided to e-
rcit the bridge over Oyster River and
continue the I'iercy and Carter road
Which is a part of the Nanaimo Trunk
Road) down to Union Wharf or ���"rum
Union Wharf to-Fanny Bay. A part of
the mad should be built this year.
Union is to have a new jail tor which
$1 ,coo is provided, and an addition to the
school building to cost $800. These improvements are greatcly needed, as Union should be able to jail her own "birds"
instead of sending them nine miles to the
Hay, and the school addition is a necessity to her rapidly incearsing army ot
youngsters.
The sum of $500 is given to thc Union
Hospital and $300 for a resident phys-
iiiiin in Comox valley,
Altogether we have been treated very
well and nur member, Mr. Hunter, is to
be congratulated upon his success in-
making known our wants in sn influential
a way as to secure sn substantial results,
Wc arc quite well aware th.it considering
the extent of the district, and the reveille derived from it, the government might
with justice do much more, but we are be
ing so much better served than formerly
that we have cause for a good deal of felicitation.
Union May Be Fortified.
The London Times in one of its of late
articles on Canada suggests the propriety of fortifying Nanaimo on account of
its vast coal beds which would be sn necessary to the British navy in case uf war
with the United States. We are nut like
ly to have war with our southern neighbors, but perhaps the suggestion to protect our coal may be a wise one. But if
tlie coal measures of Vancouver Island
arc to be protected by defensive works(
surely the Union Mines will not be overlooked. The Union Colliery Coal for
steam purposes is vastly superior to the
coal ofthe Black Diamond City, and is
bound to be used by the Pacific Cnast
fleet in preference lo any other.
In case of war there would be a struggle
for its possession. The British government, when the time comes to act, will
doubtless be much more likely to place
this coal, so well suited for its navy, beyond the reach of an enemy, than any
other. It may seem, at present, less important in a commercial sense than the
Nanaimo coal.   It has not been so long
worked and therefore not so long in the
market* but it is rapidly gaining favor,
and the desci vt d reputation of being the
best bituminous coal produced. It has a
'mure before it, Its vast treasures have
been but barely touched. From Alaska
to Panama ihc coast steamers are rcco;*-
nuing Its worth; and it will yet funis
'he entire supply, in time of peace, for
both the British and American Pad c
Cnast n.ny and mercantile marine. It
will, ind ccd, take lime to accomplish all
this, but ii is gradually coming tn pass.
A perusal of nur weealy Union shipping
news shows distinctly the trend of everts
With refer, ncc to war a nation must
look ahead, The defence ofthe Un 1 n
Coal measures woii'd he surely an act uf
wise precaution. Nowadays the world
moves fast. A few years ahead count
for more than a century in thc past, and
many of our readers may live to see British cannon frowning from the rugged
heights around Union,
New Leaders Required.
It is with pleasure we notice the loyal
altitude of tlie Conservative leaders in
tbe I in pi rial Parliament, They make a
manly light on ihe Home Rule Bill and
other measures which thty are opposed
to on principle, but there is no attempt
���n embarrass the Government in the performance of its legitimate duties, and 111
such subjects as commend them-elves tn
their judgement they give a loyal support. In lie matter *.>f the increase of
thc navy, and public defence they cordi*
ally seconded the efforts of Gladstone.
But what ran be said of .the Opposition
[n this Province? Its leaders, supported
by every member of the party including
the so-called Independents are doing all
they can to discredit tbe government,
nnd appear willing tn result to any means
to gel possession of the spoils. Half of
the time ot the legislature is taken up in
trifling critictsm.useless talk, and obstruc
the measures.
Undoubtedly il is best that there should
be an Opposition party, but it should offer a loyal and manly opposition, maintaining its own principles with vigor and
attacking fairly but firmly any measure
or policy deemed injurious to the public
interests We uot only believe in an Op
position party but in a strong one; but
we shall never have one worthy the high
position which such a party, properly but
tressed in principle, shnuld occupy until
new men arise to direct its councils.
THE AVERAGE MAN.
Hli HIM, Welshi. Nirfrnr'h n-nit App*-**,r*
MM-�� Kr.-uj mi Kxprrt'tCMli-ulallno.
"The average 0150" is a ptinu-itt fro*
qnontly employed, but the corn-option of
which tt Is tho itymbnl in npt to Ihi ox-
traiuf-ly shadowy, It hae nmminod for
Dr. Surge-lit uf Cambridge to endow the
conception with concrete form. With
wxirnoriUmiry Industry he ban applied
himaelf to nionrarjng'chest* and nooks
nud liipn by the thounandu, and biceps
nud cal vos by tho tens of thommndJi. He
haa calculated the strength, oxpretwed
in foot pounds, of nnnnmbercd forearms
and bucks. Tbo results of his labors cot>
nist of two nude figures modeled in cbiy
The first figure Is the avorage, or
"composite," 0? more than -1,000 Harvard
ineu at thu age of SI. This type is 5 feot
tt inches In height He weighs loS
pounds. He has a lung capacity of 240
inches. His breadth of shoulders Is 1?
inches. His girth of natural chest is 33,a
inche*; of inflated chest 80,8. His stretch
of arms is 70.02 Inches, which is 'i 2
Inches grwiter than his height. Thus
ono idol after another is uni'ialn-d with
tho hammer of eold fact, for the rigid
law of attcinnt art was that tbo stretch
of arum should always exactly equal the
height. The girth of the typo's head is
33.U inches, of his hips 3.-1.1 inches. Tho
���urenj-th of bin forearm is 110 pounds, ami
of his hack SOU pounds. Standing Hquaro*
ly, clean limlx-d, strong necked, he looks
rather like a runner than a rower, but
there is nothing sordid, nothing warped,
nothing to indicate the deterioration of
a civilization of too many wheels, thu
stunting ami abnormal, ono sided duvel-
opuiunt dun to factory or city life.
In cnnm-luring tho other flguru rnlno-
tant gallantry' must giv�� place to veracity, and it must bu admitted that the
man Is the liner figure of the two. Thu
face of the average colletfo girl, li!.o that
of tho oiber flguni, is a "composite" one,
aiul the lu-st that cau be said of it is that
it is dupre-wingly solemn in expression
Tho type is .1 feet 5 inches tail, fcJhu
weighs U.I iKHinds. Her breadth of
shoulder is 17 Inches, The girth of her
natural chest in 30.3 inches. 81m can vt-
jiiuul that about two inches. Ht-r girth
of hi'-* is UM Inches, Her girth of head is
SJl.fi inches. Her stretch of arms in il-i.fi
luohos A.-* t Im college girl istooiwusiblu
to constrict her waist to nny eousiderablo
-legri-e. hu she is ww i-iiough to give her
feet plenty of freed*mii.
Tho type's foot is fl| inches long. Her
waist i-i'-M laches in circuinfui-mico. Her
lugs are not wull developed. Her girth
of calf is only l-H inches. In truth tho
llgtirn h.w moro fragility than that of her
counterpart, without a corresponding
gain in gruco.
It is when he finishes the results of
his observations as to temperament, however, that Dr. Sargent approaches most
cloudy to dangerous ground, for ho do*
claret! that the typical college girl stud-tut is distinctly nervo-bilious. This
scorns like a maliciously devised scheme
on the part of the dootor to forestall criticism from the girls.
The shrewd, scientific expert bas
doubtless conceived the notion of potting their very criticisms in evidence to
provo his sweeping assertion.   He will
Ownu In Milk.
Those fortunate people who have "their
own cow" have an extra care laid upon
them by their possession. Their milk
uaiin must be kept in an absolutely perfect condition.
Tliey should be washed, scalded and
wiped porfeotlr dry after using. Then
they must be set ont in the sun for li
hours, or if that is Impossible, pot before
rhe Are. Just bsfors they are nsed again
they should be washed, scalded and
dried again. There is nothing in which
-farms develop so rapidly as in milk, and
txtra caro Is necessary to make son that
tha otensUs contain ao germs.-���Nsw
Tort World.
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Esquimalt and Nanaimo Ry.
Steamer Join
3. K BU1XKR, MASTER.
On and after Mar. 22nd, 1893
The Steam"' JOAN will sail as follow.
CAl.LIM. AT WAY POIITH na wamngor.
and fraiKht m.y offer
La... Victoria, Tunadiy, 7 a. m.
"  Nanuimo (or Comox, Wadnoa,!.,, 7.. n
Leave Coniox for Nunuioio,       Krifl.ya, 7a.m
'      NaliAlmo for Victoria    Naturdny. 7 ..nt
For freight or state rooms apply on
board, or at the Company's ticket office,
Victoria Station, Store street.
Esquimalt & Nanaimo R'y,
Time  Tabls   No.   17,
To tako effect at 8.00 a. m. on Friday
September 30th. 1809. Train, run
on Pacific Standard Time.
X
e. . _���
*��tf
h
o J
5
0
ill
��
-iSiassasK^-JBHaKaa
^tltl-l*leDge'**|���,���,'"*"'
���u��i��m ��U��|.|: ..::.:B3i.isl;SSSa'/l2 "
a
W
4 l��53iels5t*l����!- 6 S
M   '^i'I'*-i.ill'/��*.j  m   ?**!
iai3253Ba3i'��SS S S5
Bsgr=5'.**|r=aS5M A 3
^.f-KOSKp"^-* ;5g ri 5
:d io^a-* ��� ��� ��� -"  ���
��ia su,, huh ! ���=as-!as**!*"sisi 13 R
X
No. 4
Passenger
Saturdays
Sundays
J:!;;i^;i V- \ !
ft
z a
aassiSKSss    ��:l
U 0
ft)
o" s'a
SiiiMisiMiii-B
O ft!
0
gzsaisjub-i'sss.s 913
��� .��� : 1 : ! : ,   : : : 4(H
On Saturdays and Sundays
Ileturn Tloksti will bs iwiuod hotween all
poi-tts for ��f��r�� snd a qn-irt-ar, sood for re-
tarn not later thftfl Monday.
Itstara Tioktts for ens aal ft half ordinary
fare may bt parohasad dally to all point*.
good for i��T*-n dnjit, Inelodlng daj* of tuna.
Mo Itaturn Tlcketi Irwucd for a fara and a
qnarlor wbsrs tha stagls fara la twaalr-fivt
osats,
Throuah rataa betwaen VlaioriasadCamoi.
A. DUNMIt'IR, JOSBPH RUMTBB.
Praaldaat. deal last.
B.K. PRIOR,
ess. rralght sad Paaanagar Agt
Riverside Hotel
Courtenay B C
J. J. Grant, "Proprietor
The Hotel is one ofthe best equipped
on tlie Pacific Coast, giul is situated at
ihe mouth of the Courtenay Kiver, between Union and the Urge farming settlement of Comox.
Trent aie plentiful in tht river, and
'true game abounds in the neighborhood
The liar connected with  the hotel  is
kept well supplied  with the best wines
ind liquors.   Staj;e connects   with  all
Steamers.   Terms moderate
Gumberland Hotel.
Union, B. C.
The finest hotel building
Fixtures aud Uar
North of Victoria,
And the best kept house.
Spacious Billiard Room
and new
Billard and Pool Tables,
Best of Wines and Liquors.
Bruce & McDonald, I'roprs.
Wood L Miller
UNION, B. C.
Having Added to their Own
the
Splendid Livery Outfit.
of R. Grant and Co
Are Prepared to furnish  Sty-
ish  Rigsat  Reasonable Rates
Give them a call.
T. C. Woods
Comox B.  0.
Conducts a General
Teaming   and Livery Business
His Stage Runs to Union and
Returns Thurs ys .aturdays.
and Sundays.
Nanaimo Machine Works
or
Kobert J, Wenborn-
Fraser Street
Near Bastion Street Bridge
Nanaimo' B. C.
All Kinds of Machinery mads to order
and repaired.
Nanaimo Cigar Factory.
Philip Gable, Proprietor.
ait in   Street      ���    Nanaimo B. 0.
" Manufactures   the   finest   cigares,
employing none but white labor.
Why purchase inferior foreign cigars,
when you can obtain a superior article for the same money?
WARNING
All persons driving over the wlmrf
or bridges iu Comox district fustet
thr-H a ��-.Ik, will W proaeciuted accord
ng to taw,
S. Or*��ih
flbv. Agfiit.
Cumberland Heat Market
All Kinds of
Fresh Meat, Hams and Bacon
and
All Kinds of Vegetables and
Farmers Produce,
Orders taken from surrounding
country.
A. C. Fulton,Prop.
Nanaimo  Saw Mill
Sash and Door Factory
A ll.il.m. Prep. Illll St., PO BoiU, Tel. II
Nanaimo B.C.
A complete stock of Rough and Dressed
Lumber always on hand; also Shingles,
Laths, Pickets, Doors, Windows and
Blinds, Moulding, Scroll sawiag, Turning
and all kinds of wood finishing furnished
Cedar,     White   Pine,     Redwo.d.
All orders accompanied witbCaaH prompt
Ir and carefully attended to.
.   Steamer liatell
Harbor and onttida tawing done M kmoi
able rates.
COURMAY HOUSE.
COXTETEITA-S", B.C.
(The lead ins* hotel in Oomox diitrict.
**-New and handsomely furnished,
excellent hunting: &nd fishing close
to town. Tourists can depend on
ftnt-clasa accommodntion. Reasonable rates. Bar supplied with the
choicest liquors and cigars
R. Graham, Ptopr.
C. H. Beevor-Potts
Solicitor, Notary Public. Conveyancing
in all its branches, Office Corner-
cial St, Nanaimo.
Yarwood & Young,
Hamsters, Solicitors, &c. Office Cor.
Huston and Commercial St., Nanaimo, B. C.
HILRERT&SON
Funeral Dirkctors and Emhai.mkrs
Orn-Iur.1-*-* of tho OrUntnl. Eureka.
ami Initcd KUUn rollvgra or Km-
bulmlbg >
)
Nanaimo, 11. C,
(tm. $io and $20, Genuine Confederate
���P^**Bills onlv eve each; $50 and $100
bills io cents each; $1 and $2 bills Sjcnts
each. Sent securely senlcd on receipt of
price. Addrest, CHAS. I). BARKER, 90
S- Forsyth St., Atlanta, <��a., U. S. A,
The Nanaimo Pharmacy
Nanaimo B. 0.
W. E. Mc Cartncy Chemist,
Manager.
Pur-* Dru��s Ch**inicaU and  Patent
M-r-HiciiifM.
l-h-ritoani PrflMiptfoni ��nil all orders flll'd
with care aad dintxitch. J*. 0. box li
Wm Mathewson.
will deliver daily at
UNION
and during warm weather twice a day
Pure Milk from His Ranch
And also will deliver lo his custome
daily Fresh  Eg       Butter, Vegetables.
Poultry, etc.
Fanners having above for sale or delivery shnula consult him.
Passengers carried to and from Union.
McKenzie
���and ���
McDonald
Courtenay, B. C.
General Blacksmithing
and Morse Shoeing.
Loggers' Work a Specialty.
UNION Bakery
UNION, B.C.
Best of Bread, Cakes and
Pies always  on hand.
The Bread Cart will   be at
Courtenay. and Comox Tuesday i and Fridays.
Adderton & Rowbotham, Prop
For Sale
5*1 Acres of Choice Land,
��� and ���
9 Horaea, 100 Sheep, and 00 Oow.
together with
S Mowing Machine., 1' Steel Boiler
1 Be.ping Machine, 1 Seed Sower,
1 Drill Sower, 1 Spring wagon, and
Double Wagon.
Title deeda can be aeen in mjr poa-
aeaaion.
Adam McKelvey
G B Leighton
At the Bay, Oomox, B. 0.
Blacksmithing an Repairing
of all kinds
Carriage Work and Horseshoeing a specialty
F.  W. Hart
Manufacturer,   Importer, WhoieeaJe
and Betail  Dealer   In
���r^JliTXT-tT-aE
CARrm, uNoi.EUMf on. cloth ami
'- HOUSE     FURIN1SHIW* -
*E*T Uigeet Ketas>����me*t stilt kind.
MM Carton, Ik TaKHit B. &
"Bargains that are Bargains."
We have a Bargain Counter that is the leading topic of interest among the Ladies in Nanaimo. It is really remarkable
how cheap we have put in all the goods thereon. If you want
a cheap dress, jacket, water-proof, etc., this month, you
should take the next boat to Nanaimo and look the matter up.
We are honest about this and don't want one of our customers.
to neglect this special sale.
Sloan & Scott, Nanaimo, B. C.
COURTENAY, B.C.
Having bought out the Stage, Team and Livery  Outfit of
John \V. Fraser will continue the business at the old stand
��&,    We have also purchased a carload of Lake coal and will
deliver it at a reasonable figure.
Orders,may be left at the news' Office.
Society    Cardt
1.0, o. K., No ,ii
Union Lodge, 1. O. O. F., meets every
Friday night at 8 o'clock. ���Visiting brethren cordially invited to attend.
Win. Wright, R. S.
Hiram Looge No 14 A.F .St A.M.,H.C.R.
Courtenay B.C.
Lodge meet*; on every Saturday on or
before the full ofthe moon
Visi:ing Brothers cordially requested
to attend.
K. S. McConnell,
Secretary.
\ZoTf.
Comox Lodge No 5, K. of P., meets
eVery Saturday, after the new and full
moon,at K p. m. at Castle Hall, Comox.
Visiting Knights cordially invited to attend,
���    John Uiird
K. R.S.
C. O. O. K.
Loyal Sunbram Lodge No. 100, C. O
O. F. meet in the old North Comox*
school house every seco**d Monday at 8
p. m Visiting brethren cordially invited
to attend.
J. 11. Bennett, Sec.
H A Simpson
Barrister and Solicitor.   Office in 2nd
flit, Green's Block, Nanaimo, B. C
Notice to Taxpayers..
A sessment Act and Provincial
Revenue Tax
Will be in Union every Wednesday and
Courtenay on Thursday.
R. B. Anderson,
Practical   Watchmak
Worker in Light Metals and
Gunsmithing
Fraant office Elk Hotel
Co��ox, B. 0.
Wedding and other rings made to order.
NOTICE 1S hkkkbv alVEN, in accordance with the Statutes, that Provincial'
Revenue Tax and all Taxes under the
Assessment Art ,tre now due for the
year 1S94. All of ihe above named Taxes collectible within the Comox, Nelson,.
New Castle.and Denman and Hornby
Island Divisions of the District of Comox arc payable at my office.
As-Jesed Taxes are collectible at the
following rates, viz,:���
II paid on or before June 30th, 1894.���
Provincial Revenue, $3.00 ber capita.
One-hall of one per cent on Real Properly.
Two ocr cent on Wild Land.
One third of one per cent on Personal'
Property.
One-half of one per cent on Income-
If paid after June 30th, 1894���
Two-thirds of one per cent on Real'
Property.
Two and one-half per cent on Wild
Land.
One-half of one per cent on Personal
Property.
Three-fourths of one pcrsent on Income
W. B. Anderson,
Assessor and Collector.
Comox, Jan. 2nd, 1894.
E. Pimbury & Oo.
Wholesale and Retail
Druggists  and Stationers
Commercial St. Nanaimo, B. C
1. D. McLean
Jeweler, Bookseller
and Dealer in
Organs, Pianos, Music
Stationery,   and  Notions ol all kinds.
Unioi'   Mines, B  C,
Eureka  Bottling Works,
LOUIS LAWRBMOS, PEOPBILTOR,
MANUKACTUKKR Or
80DA  WATER,   LEMONADE,   GINGER   ALE,
Sarsaparalla and Champagne Cider, Iron Phosphates, Syrups
Bottltr ol* Different Br.ndi of L.^er B.er Stexm Ueer and Porter
Agent for Union Urewery Company.
Nanaimo and Courtenay B.  C.
aagja*j��*jWMM.WMaasaMaiT*jasaB.taaaBwsaa.aBwsaasa ���>' i i-m    11 aa.   si. --,     s   i
UNION  MINES
F URNITURE   ESTABLISHMENT
   A  Full  Line of Everything  	
BUILDERS  and CONTRACTOR
tar UNDERTAKING  IN ALL ITS BRANCHES
JJGrant and McGregor Props.
Anley & Smith.
COMOX t��i UNION B. C.
Dealers ia All Kind* of Meats, Vegetables, etc.
Orders Filled on Short Notice.

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