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BC Historical Newspapers

The Weekly News Dec 15, 1892

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Array ,
NO 6.
COURTENAY, COMOX DISTRICT. B, C. THURSDAY,  DEC. .15     1892
$2.00 PER YEAR.
'
1)1
W
has opened up a
Dry Goods
Grocery &
Boots and Shoe Store
IN COURTENAY.
A  full  stock of goods will always be car-ied.
A share of your trade is solicited.
^gMWwasta^a������ n   i ���     n na^w���ai^���
���IvflOFIIEB <to MOORE
COMOX, B. CL_L
We aim to keep a well regulated sto'ck of
MRRCHAN'hse" and at prices as low if not beneath our
competitors.
J. B. HOLMES
IMPORTER AND DEALER IN ,/ ���
General Merchariidise
COMOX, II. C.
A large consignment of Cooking and Heating
stoves received this day, per Steamer Comox.
W. J. Young.
P. F. Scharschmidt.
COUR TEN A Y PHARMACY.
�� PURE DRUGS & PATENT MEDICINES *
Also Fancy Toilet Articles
TOBACCO  A.1XT) OIO-^LH-S.
OPPORTUNITY   ARRIVED
1 have for sale some Splended  Lots and  Blocks a   little
EAST OF  COURTENAY-VILLAGE.
As is now understood, the Canada Western will run its track
Directly Through The Property
in passing from Courtenay to Union Wharf. Figures low and
terms reasonable now, but prices will be advanced before long
and may be doubled any day . Opportunity is our guest at
present, and once neglected NEVER   RETURNS.
Office at Courtenay.
Wm Cheney, Real Estate Agt
Dr. W. J. Young
IMnjsicianSf Surgeon
O PPIOB <S�� HESIDSTCE.
; Courtenay Pharmacy
OOUKTENAY, B. 0
WARNING
All pi'rsnns driving over thawharf
or IjriilijM in Comox district taster
thin a walk, will be prosciiutad aocoril
ing to la*.
S. Creech
Giv.   Ajent.
UNION BAKERY
And Restaurant
OF
E. I. CLAY,
Courtenay B.  C.
Best   of  everything   in   hit   line
Always   on   hand.
Riverside   Hotel
Courtenay B C
J. J. Grant, Propritor
The Hotel is one of th. best equipped
on thc Pacific Coast, and is situated at
the mouth of the Courtenay River, between Union and the large fanning settlement of Comox,
Trout ate plentiful in the river, and
large game abounds in the neighborhood
The Bar connected with the hotel is
kept well supplied with the best wines
and liquors.   Stage connects   with all
Steamers.   Terms moderate
McCann & Cessford
Carpenters  *
And Builders
Fraser & Thomas
Stage and Livery Business
Stage connects with all steamers st
the Bay.
Also do a genearl
Teaming Business
Orders may lie left it the Coartenay
Hotel, or this office.
F. W. Hart
Manufacturer,   Importer, W��ol.s��le
and Retail Sealer   In
CARPETS,    LINOLEUM, OIL CLOTH   AND
- HOUSE    FURINISHING -
$"jT Largest Establishment of its kind.
21-23 Cordova St.      Vancouver, 11. C,
General Job Work
t& UNDERTAKERS,
Courtenay B, G.
Nanaimo
Reality | Investment
Agency
SHOEMAKER
A Good shoemaker is needed at Courtenay. He should be able to mend
'. .messes;   A married mat.   prefered.
This is a snap for the right mail.
UNION MINES
FURNITURE  ESTABLISHMENT
_ ���  A  Full  Line of Everything .	
����     From a Cradle to a   j -
... Complete Parlor Sty ...
BUILDERS   and CONTRACTORS
I3r UNDERTAKING IN ALL IT8BRANCHES
Grant and McGregor Props.
The.Courtenay Hotel
Loading hotel of Comox District
Everything first class.
I Bat., from $1.00 to $2.00
Bar supplied with choicest liquors
STAOE'tlN^
McArdle's   fin)\. attge   will >ave
Couiitbjat forCostox
>atl p. m on WumtatDivs, returning
' .niter mail hour.
I .   On Saturday ��ry stage will leave
,*.'0UltTKNATif(J*C0>l0Xat8a.  111.   K>.
' * ..ruing lease * ,
UOMOX   forrUNlON   MINES
at lO a."iii,', reluming to Comox same
even ng.
" This section is the   Paradise   for'
Hunters aud Fishermen, and a favorite
resort for visitors from the citios.
R. Graham, Propr.
Esquimalt and Nanaimo . Ry,
Steamer Joan
J. E. BUTLER, MASTER.
On and after Aug. 23rd, 1892
The Steamer JOAN will sail as follows
OALI.INU AT WAY Poms: ������������ .
Le*vo Victoria, Tusadny, ft aj ��...,'.
"  NaBaltno for Coniox; Wednesday, 7 a. m
"  Comox tor Valilos Inland. Thursilay 7 ..in.
(Itoturntng sum. d.y. I
Leavo Comox for Nanaimo,      Fridays. T..ni.
i "     Nsuoimo for Victoria,   Snturd.T, T n.ni
For freight or state rooms apply on
board, or at the Company's ticket office,
Victoria Station, Store street.
T. C. Woods
Comox B.  C.
Conducts a Ger^ral
Teaming   and Livery Business
His Stage Runs to Union and
Returns Thursdays and Saturdays.
SandwiHk Post-Offlae
Mail for Fridtty itiarhirtg's boat
closes at 1 p, m.   on Thurdsays.
We keep a carefully selected sti-ck
oftlBNERAL   Mr.RCHAXWSli     IJURAntK
Farm BooWstill Sitgjs a Specialty.
_ .... ...fidpTB'.tin RuiuiEan.
'Durwan Bfos.
A Consignment'; of Holiday Toys
en route. '���."'.. ������* l .' ... '
Cfjui-teiiay, B.C.
���H	
For Sale
Grain,
Produce,
And   Cattle,
Alio a fine farm.
Apply to
General Ulacksmithing
and Horse Shoeing.
Loggers' Work a Specialty.
A Sterling Company.
J.W. Weart, -General Manager of
o��ihe West��-u Investment Savings &
Trust Co. Lid. Vancouver, will lie in
Courtenay ami Union in a day or two
jnd is now at tlif-Bay, for the purpose
of estab ishiuga Itrai.eh agency bare.
Among the directors will In- found
th. names of E. E. Rand Vancouver;
Dr G. L. Milne. M. P. V. Victoria;
fieiiryEllwer, Capital"*), Wesiminia-
ter; Dr. J. T. Carroll, Vancouver; W.
1J. Say-i.rd Aid., J II. Cavill, Victor-
is: 1,. V. Enk.reri and J. E. fiaynor,
Solicitors, Westminmter;and W. (Joi-
Itey Man, Hmia 11. N. t\., Vancouver;
whicli Hank is the depository of the
Company.
We bespeak for the company a hearty
welcome nnil trust that our people will
investigate their literature and encourage the company by subscribing for
their Stock which is paying 10 o/o.dtv
idimd,
FOR SALE
80 Acres of timber land.mostly
Alder Bottom
About   7 miles  from    Comox
Landing    Terms resonable
Appiyatthe
NEWS OFFIOE.
Estray
A spring calf, white face, onp fat cut
acro-s nnd th�� other split on the pre-
i��es of John Piercy.   The owner v* 1
plvase call, pay the expeuseof this notice und remove it.
Society    Cards
Leiser Lodge No. I3, A. O. U. W.
holds regular meetings on alternate Saturday evenings at.j7.30 p. m. in the old
North Comox School House. Visiting
Brethren are cordially invited to attend.
Ernest A. Holliday
Recorder.
Hiram Lodge No 14 A.F.&A.M.,��.C.R,
Courtenay B. C.
Lodge meets on every Saturday on or
before the full of the moon
Visiting Brothers   cordially requested
to attend.
W. J. Young
      Secretary.
Subscribe for The Weekly New*,
Latest   Locals.
The Comox Athletic Association will
meet next Tuesday evening at 7:30 at
McPhec's warehouse in Courtenay, A
large attendance is desired.
The Board of Directors of the Comox
Agricultural and Industrial Association
will meet naxt Monday evening at 7:30
at W. Cheney's office near the bridge
in Courtenay.
Sam Cliff having got tired of paying
rent, has purchased the'Lorne hotel.
Mr, McArdle has purchased a pair
of double brass mounted harncis which
much improves the app a .nee of his
outnt.
Cubb's Cough Cure is leading in the
cities as th,esafest, surest, and inccdiest
remedy for Coughs, Colds, Whooping
Cough and kindred ailments.
The squall which'strtick the Christmas tree at the Courtenay school may
dcapoM it of its fruits, Inat thn children
will in that event all be romtmbered
at their homes.
A   black,   heavy   shaggy   glove
was taken away hy mistake by   *ome
ono at the recent party at Lucius Cliff
If they wilt kindly leave it at *h.R, office it will on handed to the owner.
The Joan arrived at the Bay at 5 p.
m, yesterday. She delivered at Union
wharf 35 tons o��freight. Qualieum
Tom received by tbe Joan 3OO boxes
of goodies and present! with which he
willc-lcbrate his son's wedding. Seven, hnnd*r<Nl friends have been invited, and the affair will rival in Indian
potlach in splendor.
Our Victoria Letter
Track   1*7.1.0;  on    the   "Canada
Weatorn to Scsjta is ��JM Spring���
Another Small Vox ���cmra    Tho
���eat Ooaat Indian Trouble  Left
to Take Care of Itself��� Labour
chero  Admires   the   Magistrate
���ho Decided Against the  Poor
far* of the British Ship Bank-
burn.
Nearly two million dollar'* worh of
p operty in Victoria is exempt from
luxation.
Shipping is brisk at present. Six or
s-ven largf veMeU ar�� now loading or
diHiar. ing at this tort.
I The Inst ��� fTt-rt to raise th* ilbfat*d
San Pedro wil ln> made this ��ei k. Enough money to sink a ��n.nU ship has
been sunk in the attempt to float ihe
Pedro. .
The lumber ladpii barkquentine Plan
ter I) uud for Honolulu is almost ready
tp resume her voy-go to Sandwich Inland. She lnokH very low in thn water. If she inwsmui)'. rough weather in the North Paritir the erew will
havft a (lump time of it,
Mnyor Benvfn is said to ent-rtain
the liveli.-nt >xpecutirin that the ratepayers of Victoria will ouch uiore tuill up
on him to tttet-r the corporation barque
another yenr. A wIk-Ih lot' of people
think h- will le fooled wholeKale. >
'1' tome alarm ia felt her*1, or wa* ra*h
er, last w,*ek, bftenuse it wss reported
that tHi'fi' w*-rc thirty cases of Hmallpox
ifi Seattle,, li'iier aci-oun s say .the
authoritins there have the diseoae well
tu uountunrl.
' Surveyor Going nnd his. party have
Rtar ed up the lino of the Ouniida- Western Iluilway, so gr-'at thing may be ex
pectt'd very soon. Great ���Gonlid'.'nce is
placed in the as-<uriince rljat '"the line
will be opened for track-, laying early
next year.
Th��- engngement of the Puff Opera
Conipsny la t we^kwas a+ell on the.
public. They came nf'.rf^.'halfj equipt
and of coure fuiled m s rably in-their
atiempt togive u-* adi-cent rendering of
popu'nropcr��. Victoria theater goera
will not be fooled that **ay again.
Amnall nation of unemployed are
now e.rniug their Christuma dinner
working unnn the tstrcts under tho be-
neficent direction of th* city council.
it is enough to hxtract a smile from a
wooden idol to vir-it the Mock-'Patli-
���"inent here and lisrn to some of th��
inenkers It i�� even funnier than the
Dominion House of Commons, aud that
is enough tor anybody. Singular to
state the very men who shine' to tho
greatfst a-lv&n'ngft when their months
art shut are the very oues whose tongues
wag the most ' Oh wad some power"
etc, etc.
Tho unlucky tars off tho British
ship ttiinkliurii who have Wen brutally
ill-treated ami half starved 011 the high
seas by 1 heartl***-. brute of a Onptainj
clapped n jail without being itllowed to
open their mouths by a highly in tellt-
gent magUtrHte who by the ��ay, has
been nicely toasted by Mr. Labouchere
in Loudon Truth for his splended exhibition of magisterial sagacity; next
subject to the tender coniiuideratioii of
the'furred law cats'' .under whose sharp
claws their last chance for justice expired; then turned out of'their lodging
house to wander hungry and shelterless
on the streets ot Victoria, are coming
in for deserved symphathy. Thtre ia
HiIk ot providing them with work,
which they crave for, as they are honest
seamen, not beggar*,
'IV trouble among the Nitinat Indians
on the West Coat" was left to settle it-
nelf. Th- Domonion Government steam
er Quadra could not go Wuuuse nne bad
been dismantled for ttje winter aud the
ciew paid 1.1.'. And there was no other
steamer in thehnrhorfit to make the
long ui.d stormy trip. It w��a believed
lio*��-ve-, that the lirst aeeuuht of thn
(ruble-thattlm In.linns [loTinnum
Iik r ]were all drunk and shooting one an
other, was much exaggerated, ^till the
ease shows that there is no communication between Victoria and the West
Coast in winter. So>i.e d��y a railway
will skirt those shores, but that is de-
cidedlyin future
Expert   Decision
Two citizens of Courtenay' in return
ing from Union oame across an animal
which to there excited imagination, op-
pearedtobe a young panther. They
were not very well up in natual history
hut they felt sure of the nomenclature
of this paragon of the forest. A pauth-
er had one head, four feet, and a nur-
atlvfl, so had 1 hU, What could be plain*
er? "So Mr. Panther, J will make you
a present of this" said lohn, belaboring
him over'lhe head with the root of a
tree. Then Bill gave the stranger his
attention politely pausing the keen blade
of the jacknife, nought at McK.ms.a-
crois its throat. Theaupposptl partner
then ceased to struggle, and was taken
into the wagon and brought to town,
Thc news quickly spread around, and
a number gathered to Bee the (]
Forest Terror, hut no two were agree
upon its specie. Finally the Medical
student, was called in to decide the mat
ter. He examined the charts, draw-
ings and manikins at the pharmacy,
and after due deliberation pronnuncea
it a *non
Cortes Is'and Items
George UcCofnba ha* sold hia ranch
to Mr. Thompson nf Vancouver for a
handsome figure and nation* E*��.
We ar- pleasi-d to s��e that Mr.Kerry
is around again and looking none the
worse afcr his slight indisposition.
Mr. W Allen lam of La Conner
Skagit County, Wash- has tak����i. a preemption claim in Gorge Harl-or, and
ia at prevent building his houw* which
Uame Rumour hath it h�� will not in-
hnbii alou-.
Mr. Peter E Hanson of this place has
gone on a visit Jo Vancouver, Victoria,
and thceitiei of ihe Sound, We expect
great things of our 1 etgh1>or :n the
Spring as he expects to ranch on an ex
t��nMve scale.
Sum C<>u ter U finishing a new house
in o which he expects to move in a few
weeifi.
Mr. Andy M< Neill is bnck trvva Van
cou er; all are pleueed to se�� our jovial
friend liai-k agntn.
Mr.Ma-.on has np*ned hi* sior" again
which couiei as t boon and a l*l>>siug
loth*- settlers; snd fills �� long fe t
wan1,
Mr. Vroon of Gorge Harbor on his
return from towu brought *ith hi".
M esters Kerbrnche and Hpo/li the for
m>T wss located by Mr. Vroon on
Vaides Island. The latter gentleman
took down wiih him a tine hajji-f game
ihc mling a deer, and while he whs
neie hetook<*oit.e views of Gorge Har
lK.ur uud vicinity, and altwt of the houses
on the claims of Me sera Vroun "uud
Vaughan.
Mr. l'Yrbrache whiW'hereexpresset)
grest ���dmiratiun for the c.mdiuun of
the ranches on the itslnitd. "and was especially ph-ased with the work and
showing there is on Mr. John MaukVe
ranch.
Mevsers Tayl"r and Jolift'e our local
.handhggers are quickly p.u-itiig in n
iilie boom which will probably n>t th.i
boys a handsome turn for their trouble
1 Mr. M. Tibliel'sishontK<fdr the winter, ,   ���   (; @,
Mr. JoldyWilliani.K Qorlocal Niuirod
is North cfutiing'-itiiubSr.   *.
Daisy.
Butter. Making
We publish the following clipping
handed us by a friend, with ihe sugges
lion that some of our fnrmers give it a
trial. We will cheerfully publish there
suits; which if as satisfactory a* below
stilted, the knowledge will be of incalcu
lable advantage to our fanners:
"But, after all, it look* a- if the dairy
ing buriness wa- about, to be revolution
ized by a new process of butter making
whicn has been inaugurated iiiAutftrali..
Sometime, sgo 1 received a printed uir
culsr i-aid to have been issued by the
South Australian Dairymen's Association, giving kccuuui of a butter-making
test carried out under the inspection of
a committee of that soeieiy. The cream
from twenty cows was expurimented
on for thirty days, by being thoroughly
mixed, then divided into two nqu al
portions, in one uf which u small portion
of black pepsin was pui i.efore being
churned, while thenwierhull was churn
ed in its ns'ural state. The pepsined
cream produced 684 pounds 8 uunctis
of butter, and the nmuml cream produced 348 pounds 12 ounces of 1.utter
or a difference of 5.*i."i pounds 1 '1 ounces
or ovtvr 135 percent more butter from
the pepsiued cream than from the pure
article.
Prof Rowell's analysis shows that on
the average, the cream churned during
the thirty day.i contained 12 percent ot
butter fut, 10 percent curd, I3 percent
sugar and 4 percent other suits. Churn
ing Without pepsin only 15 percent of
these solid* enter into ihe butter whilo
24 percent is thrown away in the butter
milk; but by churning with black pep-
sin v percent of the solids enter into
the hulierj and only 2 percent goes into the buttermilk The conclusiun of
tho coiumi let- is'as follow-:���
���We. have here ut this meeting a
sample of bmter from each cl.uning
during thc thirty days, and think these
wimples will conviucH any person that
the butter made ��ithblick pepsin keep
sweeter and more solid than butter
made in the usual way. We would,
therefore, conclude our report by stating that our ex| eriiuent convinces us
that the use of black pep-in will more
than double the yield of but ter. That
the butter is more healthful trail butter
churned in the old way, because it con
tains all th�� healthful elements of milk
That it wilt keep longer, ship better,
sell better and give better sat I section
than butter churned in the old way.'"
Local Brevities
What,s pew? Cubb.s Cough Cure is
aew, effectual aad speedy.   '**���
F. Dorman's shed near Kaob Hilt blew
down last Sunday.
Work on Mr. Cessford house is being,
pushed with vigor.
Geo. F Drabble of the Bay was op
here last Friday surveying for J. Mc "hi*
* Land on Knob Hill is valued at J200
per acre.
Rev. Mr. Nixon and wife of Denman
Island came over to the Hay Monday in
their steam launch.
There seem* to be quite a movement in
read estate at Union, and lots are bringing a high figure,
W. Cheney thc r��al estate hustler cold
two fi\e acre blocks last week. They
were ft pail uf Robsun's farm, frontlug
the Bay,
Th* San Mcteo which has been loading at Union wharf, will to night or Friday sail for Frisco. She takes 4320 tons
of coaj,
Members ofthe A'.hcletic Association are
requested to turn out iu full force to the
wood bee on Saturday at I p. in. Meet
at the Club room.
There Acre 15 couples at the furst
meeting ofthe Quadrille Club, last Mon
day even lug, nnd the affair was a pronounced success-.-  '
Robert Duncan met with a serious accident hist Saturday, by,.having the third
finger ofthe right hand badly smashed un
der the fool of his horse. It may have to
be amputated,
Mr. Walter Harvey, the Customs Officer will remove his office from Comox
to Union Wharf about .the first of the
month. He will occupy thc honse formerly occupied by Sunej-iniende'ni I-tttle
ofthe Union Mines..'
The Fanners' Home has now six shingle makers and is in need of four more.
Parents wanting school books for chil
dren can procure them at the Courtenay
Pharmacy.
A negro, named Joseph Martindale
cook on SS. Richard Third, died at
UnionWhaifon Friday last. A postmortem was hsld on same day by Drs.
Young and Scharschmidt showing death
resulted from natural causes.
Our special reporter sent out to interview the Human Ox has not yet returned nor has any news been heaul from him
He took provisions of aconcentratcd kind
with him, enough to last several weeks.
On Saturday last Jack McKim shot in
tbe field of Robert Crawford a swan
weighing 18 pounds, and measuring be- s
tive n thc tip, ofthe wings ii fee.t It was
a beauty, and when Jack swung it over
his back (going home, its head nearly
reached tiie ground.
A Chinaman was injured by a fall of
coal in the Lake Slope on the 13th,
He sustained severe bruises about "the
back and h|ps but no bones were broken.
U. Millado of Union Mines i
sick, and four of his family are
with diphtheria.
Later���one of Mr Mcllado's children,
a girl about 2% years   of age   died on
I jili inst and was buried on the 141b,
There will be a, special service on
Chrisuudk eve, commencing al'half past
II Saturday nignt, at thc Catholic Church
Cumox.
quite
iu>\\ 11
Climatic Phenomena.
A most curious fact in reMion to
the climate of this part of Vmicouver
Islnafljwns spoken of at ti.o auction sale
on Monday ut Ree's place wlnre we
understand it was nltiimed that over
forty head of cattle had the lower baf
ofthe left ear cut oil by frost, while
the restof that tint, and the whole - f
the other ear were uninjured. Strange
unit it, eh?
Zed.
On tin 8th instant, the Court of Revision disposed of a number of appeals, the
assessment in most cases being sustained
including the mnch talked ot case of W.
R. Robli Among those who obtained
some relief was T, H. Piercy, who showing improvements, escaped the wild land
tux, as did also Joan Wilson and W. Den
mngtnn, lor simliar reasons. Guillodund
Piitchnrd showed less acreage, and their
taxes were remitted proportionally.
A society has been formed at the Hay
called the Comox Lyric Quadrille Club.
Wm Urown is President, Hugh Stewart
Secretary aud E. Muschamp, Treasurer.
The object of the club is to bring together all those loud of music, singing and
dancing. It starts with a good list of
names, and will meet every Monday evening at Knights of Pythias Hall, livery
4th Monday night there will be a general hop to which outsiders will he invited,
There is plenty of musical talent available
and there is no reason why the Glub
should not be a success. Thc young pen
pie of Courtenay should join. Going three
miles to a dance only gives an added lest
Send your names to the Secretary.
One night last week three promsing
incn���one from Union and all for Union-
left Courtenay for the Mines. We said
promising young men, and that is what
the youiifa' girls say they are. We also
said there were three of them but come tc
think, old Uacchus was along, and seemed to be the leader ofthe party. They
had a merry time, and they enjoyed it
much better than the chariot drawing animals behind which they sat in muddy
splendor. When they stopoed at the
Farmers Hume for refreshments and to
enquire thc way, there was but one hat
in the crowd' and old It.icchus had that.
They did not stay long at this hostelcry
which docs not depend on outside patron
age lor a living,and were soon on their
way.throwing kissing to the stars, andmak
ing faces to the g rim old man in the moon.
McPhee St Moore are enleprising merchants,   They keep Cubb's  Couhg Cure
DlKD
At Union, Drc, 13th Mary Mellado,
yountrpst daughter of Mr.  and   Mrs,
B, Mellado, aged two years aud six
moi'ihi
Shipping News
Tho Steamer Oomox arrived on
Mondav, nnd returned direct to Vancouver Tuesday, From t^ ere she will
mskc the rounds of tha islands r< aching the Bay to day, it is supposed, Hnd
going from thore direct to the Termln*
al City. How long this arsangement
will continue, is not known,
Christmas Goods
Young & Scharschmidt have received
a huge consignment of Christmas goods
cards, toys, etc.   Lnik for them at
Courtenay Pharmacy.
the
An Awful Howl.
Editor (kje'ws! I wish to call yrur attention to the state of the Union Mines
road This road (thc most important
in'this section) is a disgrace to any rcspon
sible Government. Ifthe interests of Com
ox and surroi'ndingdistricts are not look-
ed after better (han they have, been a fen
eral insurrection will ensue and that in
short order
Discontent. '
V
FINAL CROP REPORTS.
Ontario's Harvest Was, on tlio
"Whole. Satisfactory.
-DsaUns oJBartej
Fait vfio-ut ��� flood Crop
iu Ui.iui.Hv ami Un ill!) -The    *��rinv"
cit Scarcely Heard of-rutnis.'-. trtalofl
Fall ore ��: the Year���FaUipwIas Bei"
on!.
The forty-third bulletin of tho Ontario
bureau of laduatriei has heen Issued. Speaking of llie uro pa in general, ihe bulletin ro-
pons that in August attention wus draw"
7	
i the opinion that farm wages would rise in
the near future, but otoors claim thai the
low prices ruling for farm produce will ton>l
to lower wages. Il ia safe to infer, there
fore, that there will ho but littio immediate
c'ltti.^e in the rates paid to.agricultural
laborers. Domestic aorvaiits are apparently scarcer than ever on the farm, urban
life offering greater attractions to girls.
The comments o! correspondents upon the
quality of mile ami female importations
from the "homes" is decidedly more uncomplimentary than usual,
THE BW'ffAYl&A'BLti iUV��US.
Tbe Tumi aud .In".:,   Itlvprs Shown Io lie
lliKh��.iy<i fur tftvu in lion tn.
Commander F. G. Dandasof the British
field."    We alao stated,"It ia greatly to be ' naVy( who had been in  the service of the
to   the fftOt thai the yields   of grain   then j
given were '��� based upon observation in the)
fe.ued that more exactdoterm.miti��r.s inmle   Imperial British East Afrfoa Company for
l.il.aequ'Miilywili prove the estimated yields   two years, has returned to England after
of grain hi this bulletin too high.rather than   proving that the Tana and Juba  rivers in
The result of   JjM| Africa aro nuvtguted by steamboats for
a long distance.    The Tana River has only
recently been well mapped,  anil the  upper
course of the Juba is not yet   known ;   and
until Dundas made   his journeys no   one
knew of thoavailibility of these rivois for
navigation.
100 low." We were cor
(liresfling given in this bulletin allows
fields very much lower than tho-te given
,n August. Fall wheat is only ti per cent.
Below our previous estimate, and still remains as one of the most successful crops of
She year, having averaged 21,2 bushels per
acre. Spring wheat has turned out very
poor, yielding 12.7 bushels per acre.   From
navigation.
Last year Commander Dundas ascended
no part of tho province have  wo received tha Tana River 300 miles to its extreme
any very favorable reports.    Hurley is UO- navigable point.    He then left   hia littl.
der tho average in yield, and the quality of steamboat, the Kenia and led a caravan
the whole is not first olass.   It has been a through a hitherto unexplored  region of
poor season for two-rowed barley, and very Mmmi Renin, but failed to reach the stim-
itlle has been said in its   favor.    Oats, al* ,���!;,  though   he   attempted   to   acalc   the
though overtoil million bushelslesainquan- mountain on its south side.    He brought
tity than last year, are still above tha aver* his steamer safely back down the river,
age In total yield.   Rye hudono fairly well notwithstanding  the strong ourront,  the
Poos are under the average) the "hugs ' Vl;rv narrow lu���i tortuous course of the
have been unusually destructive,  but the Btte&m nnd the thousands of snags which
increased acreage has brought up the total (njpedod hts way.   Last summer Dundas
yield   to  a fair   amount,     Unfortunately, suocceded in orosstug the bar at the mouth
many of the eai lior indications ol good crops nf .liilm River, a little north  of the   Tana,
have proven mis lead inu, ami   wo aro com- When he had fairly entered the atream, the
polled to admit that the yield of farm prod- powerful Somali tribes who live along t e
uoethlspist year has been disappointing. rtvei. rofuaed peremptorily to permit his
For hen to poorest we may average the vessel to ascend the river.   Several days
crops:-Hay and clover, fall wheat, roots, wure   apcn,   ,,, nt,L'otiations,   and  finally,
oats, buckwheat, rye, barley, corn, peas, with the aid of Mr. E.  Berkeley, admtnis*
spring wheat, potatoes. | trator-Qonoral of the Imperial East Africa
Corn -The past season was less favorable Company, the opposition of tho  Somalia
for corn than 1801.    The crop was planted wus overcome, and the steamer, early  in
lata owing to spring rains, and the early ,|u|y started  up  the river.     Commander
growth   was   retarded,   though   the   late Dundas was the only European on board,
growth was satisfactory. The result is that and his venture seemed a hazardous one,
there is a limited crop oi seed corn, but it for jt W1W 0n this river, twenty-seven years
is of fair quality.    Corn on low land was ftg0| thatHaron Von der Deekeu ascended a
slightly touched by frost in many districts. \ ioll(, distance inland and was finally  killed
Tim acreage of corn plained  was greater by the natives with five of his white com-
than in the preceding year, and the amount padea, only two of tho Europeans escaping
of corn produced for fodder only 10."tS tons gown the river in a canoe.
PL'"' ai-,re. Capt. Dundas succeeded in reaching Bar
Beans���Owin�� to late planting and drouth I dora, .'187 miles up the river.    This is a
of midsummer tiie crop is limited iu acreage town of the up-country Somalia. They wore
ami light iu quality. very averse to seeing a European, and when
Buckwheat���Tills crop has turned out I fJapt. Dundos's little vessel came into sight
fairly well, in some sections extra well. It the demonstrations of tho natives wero deltas been somewhat extensively used. It j cidedlyhostile, Capt. Dundasis blessedwith
has heen somewhat extensively produced in i plenty of patience and tact, and ho had to
the LttkoOntorlo district, with good yields, draw heavily upon these resources. He as-
Very littio injury from early fronts is re- sumedl.hemostfriendlyattitudo,andatlast
ported. secured a conference with the chief men of
Roots���Rain,   drouth  and rot, in the tho town, ami finally all difficulties were
order named, have been playing havoc with i overcome   and   peace   was assured.    Tile
potatoes.   Owing io early rains much late .Somalia became quite friendly, and one of
plantiug and replanting had to be done, and the sheiks  with two chiefs went on hoard
later on tho exceedingly dry weather prevailing prevented a normal development of
the tubers. Thore are consequently many
small potatoes. Rot ha - appeared in almost
every locality, and m some instances farmers have loft their potatoes uinlm; as not
being worth tho trouble. Odd fields on
high, well-drained sandy soils have done
well, but there are not many such. Several
correspondents any that  there will not be
the steamer and ascended with Capt. Dundas twenty miles further, to thc rapids
whore Von der Decken's steamer, the
Quelph, waa wrecked. The hull is still
lying near the river banks with three rocks
through her bottom, The cylinders and
boilers are in poaition, and the funnel ii
standing with u tree growing up alongaidi
it. Commander Dundas says the liver I
not navlgible beyond the rapids where the
ugh potatoes for seed in their neighbor-   <; uclpii was wrecked.    The narrow channel
hoods, Owing to the tendency to rot iu
cellar and in pit the average yield per acre
presented in ths table must be discounted
to a considerable degree. Mangles and carrots were each reported in good condition
generally, but correspondents do not Bay so
much regarding these crops as in the former
years. The planting of turnips was delayed
by rains, but apart from injury from "caterpillars ' in some quarters and a tendency to
become " rooty " on low lauds, tho crop is
considered to lie in a fair condition. The
storing of turnips was uot completed when
correspondents wrote and operations were
then interfered with by broken weather.
Fndtand fruit trees���With the exception of the cherry and the plum, which are
being rapidly thinned out by black-knot,
fruit trees appear to he healthy, and have
suffered but littio irom blight or storms.
'J lie curculio has also helped to keep down
the yield of plums. The reports on apples
show a great variation in different localities. The yiold was Ityht in most of the
Lake Erie counties and also in Lamhton.bnt
iu Huron, Bruce, Grey and SImCOe and
several of the West .Midland, Lake Ontario
nnd St. Lawrence and Ottawa counties a
surplus waa reported. Prices for selected
apples were from 81.25 to $1.50 per barrel,
though farmers were selling as low OS 25
cents a bag in several quarters. There appear to he too many fall or early apples
grown. Unless packers have been very
careful Ontario apples will hardly keep up
their reputation this year for uMt-olass appearance and quality.
Clover seed���The crop of red clover seed
will not be up to the average of past years
or equal to what the growth ofghc plant
indicated.
Pastures and live stock���Live stock came
off the grass in pretty good condition, although here ami there reported a trifle thin.
Cattle do not appear to have suffered from
any serious complaint, save that iu several
counties, but more particularly iu the Lake
Huron ami West Midland yronps, thc "horn
fly" was very annoying. Favorable words
only were heard concerning sheep. An unusually large number of hogs were sold on
foot during the. fall.
The dairy���The season has been a fair
one for the dairy, postures generally being
in good condition, and the flow of milk be-
,1,8 pretty atcady. Cheese factories have
been well patronised on tho whole, although
the choose industry appears to be declining
in favour in the Luke Eric district. Butter-nuking appears to have taken nn onward stride miring tho year, and thc revival in this branch of dairying has been
ascribed by several correspondents to thc
practical experimental work of the
travelling dairies.
Area and yield of field crops���The following revised Htatistijs of tho crops
have been cum pi led from careful estimates,
based upon actual results, each iu his own
locality, by nearly 1,400 correspondents in
nil parts of the province:���
Yield per
Crops
Rltslisls.
acre.
Fall wheat	
.. 20,402,407
21.2
Spring wheat	
...   R,200,.1Do
12.7
Barlsy	
... I2,v74,87d
24,0
Oats 	
... 04,718,053
34.8
I!y<t	
...    1,177,822
18.7
Pass	
. .. 14,404,430
IX."
Buoltwhoat	
...   2,421,214
20.2
V!" 'I'll
10.3
Potatoos 	
...   12,280,817
81.1
Manglo Wurzal...
...  10,380.474
470.
Carrots	
...   3,827,301
435.
Turnips	
... 03,611,041
430.
Lav and clover...
.   ,    4,384,838
1.7
Vlic new fall wheat crop. Owing tn the
protraeUd harvesting of the sprlng-SOWn
.���nips and Varying conditions ef wcatlier,
lowing of tlio new fall wheat crop was
spread over a larger   period   of lime   than
usual. Most of iho sowing was done September 1st to I5th. The early sown looks
better than the lato sown Although the
growth 1ms no! been as heavy is might be
desired, on the whole ihe condition is very
good. Very little damage tins been observed from any source. Whilo it is difllcutt
to accurately estimate the acreage, the reports indie t.i a1 out the same acreage sown
as last year : there may n ��� a slight decrease.
Farm  labor��� Uarvea .ing  came   Mo close
upon buying that in many sections a scarcity of field  help was experienced for a
QOUp'.O of weeks, init during   the reiriainde]
of tins season thero was a sufficiency of
farm labor, all I) >ugii skilled men are becoming rare. Tho continued emigration to the
Canadian North-wast and tho American
urairios led some corpeBpondonts to cupreaa
there is full of rocks, and the current rushes
through at a speed of seven miles an hour,
and with a depth of not over three feet.
These two voyages of exploration are
among tho best things that the Imperial
East Africa Company has done. Dundas
has proved that the Tana and Juba rivers
arc navigable for more than .'MO miles each,
and that there is a probability of the development of a large and profitable trade.
The rich and fertile lands of the Qoosha
district extend for over 101) miles along its
banks, The land is nearly as carefully
tilled as in Europe, anil grows excellent
crops of cotton, tobacco, and various kinds
of grain. Above the navigable portion of
the river is tha great caravan trade route
from the rich Boran country, which crossos
the river at Bardera, the town reached by
Commander Dundas, Caravans on this route
bring largo quantities of ivory and other
produce to the river, and this traffic, Commander Dundas says, can easily be diverted
to steamers, which would be a far less expensive method of transportation to the
coast than hy the camels now usod.
A HUH HN a EPISODE-
Hi4.Vut.Liw.iyi Wife Co Calculate on Ap-
pearanou.
"Detroit Free Press: " Speaking of hunting," said a hunter, "reminds me of a little
fun I had soma four or five years ago.
Three of us, more or less sportsmen
aud all jolly fellows, were stopping at. a
small place on the eastern shore of Lake St.
Clair. It was in November and the ducks
were pretty thick. We had aome great
ahootiug that -season, I can tell you.
" One day tho landlord announced that a
nephew of his, a young man just over from
England, was coming up for a few weeks'
sport, and he guessed we'd find him pretty
near a dandy on  the shoot.
Well, pretty soon the young fellow arrived und our first glimpse of him decided everything. The boys said they didn't
believe he had ever aeon u wild duck, much
less shot one.
" He waa one of those Bwell hunters, all
togged oat in corduroy jacket aud high top
boots, with ono of those patent reveraible
fore and aft caps, and a pair of eyeglasses
astride his nose. He showed us his gun, a
double barreled pistol grip thing, and blow-
ed a pile ou its fine qualities nnd of the
wonderful execution lie could do with it.
' It came from England, ye know.'
" Would he go after ducks with us in the
morning? '0, yaas, he fancied' he would,
though it wouldn't he much sport; ho was
accustomed to shooting woodcock, and ducks
How s) beastly slow.
"Well, we fixed up things among our-
aelves that night. We picked out some of
our oldest decoys and anchored them out in
a bayou a short distance from shore, then
turned iu for the night.
"Our friend was up bright and early next
morning and was anxious to show his skill.
Wo matte some excuse about not being quite
ready, but told him that if he would go over
to yonder bayou he might get a shot before
breakfast, lie put oil with much splashing
of paddles ami great show of caution and
wus soon out of sight iii the reeds. Allowing him time to reach our decoys we followed nnd soon hoard tho sharp hang ! hang !
of his gun. before we could reach him We
heard another double report. Exploding
with laughter at the sue'ess of our scheme
we haste.iod to the spot."
" Did he fill the decoys with lead!"
" No ! Say, lie had bagged four as pretty
canvas backs as you ever saw."
LU ' would bo merrier, if we were all
satl/ded,
Mtieteen hundred Japanese are to establish a colony in Sinalou, Mexico.
A novel way of Illuminating a tunnel lias
boon devised in Paris. RefleotorS throw the
light from many electric lamps sixteen feel
aiiove the rails to the sides of the tunnel,
where it Is again reflected hy burnished tin,
, soft and agreeable light. The trains
automatically turn the current on and off in
entering and leaving the tunnel.
A professional catcher in Pittsburg
wagered tell dollars that he could catch any
hall thrown to him, no matter how curved
or swiftly it was sent, The person who bei
with him paralyzed him by standing oyouig
worn*���] before him to pitch. She had never
handled a ball before, but in three pitches
She put SO many curves to the ball lhat he
has been almost oroBS-ayod ever since. He
tailed to be within ten feet of tho apher
when it came iu his direction.
BATTLE 0F_BUFFAL0.
Fierce Fi5.1t for Snpretuaoy Between the
Hiv.il Leaden-
Vilulile Csntetl Wit netted from n UMIton
l>> lnlerr*tfd Hunt Ml -Ho., the Bully
��� il Un- Herd Settled n Pi't-Hiiii.tunU".
.tnlsgonHt   Terrific   Shock   or   Ilurtl
Iti'iiiR
"It was the afternoon of a day in early
summer, along iu '59, when we found our
solves drilling in a boat down the Saskat
chewan,"' remarked a tall, wiry gentleman,
wIiobb hair was sprinkled with gray. "The
morning broke with a drizzling rain, out of
anight th��t had been tempestuous, with a
tierce gale, heavy thunder, and unusually
terrific lightning. Gradually the rain
stopped. Jack Lyman and myself got in
the boat, and we had gone but a short distance when the clouds broke away, tho sun
shone forth, and tho earth appeared glisten-
ing with a now beauty. Ours was an aimless trip. We had enouji of hunting. We
had a vague idea that we might meet aome
emigrants, at the fords some mites below,
Which, in the present swollen condition of
the river, would be impassable. There
they would be compelled to wait for the
river to subside. Ahead of us appeared,
high up on the bluffs, a clump of trees anil
bushes.    As we drew near
A SODDEN CAI'RIOE
seized us, nmi, shooting our boat up the
shelving bank, we secured it and then
climbed the steep embankment. Wo intended to knock around in the brush a lit
tie while and then resume our trip, A fine
specimen of an eagle caught our eye perch
od high up on the dead b.mgh of a tree.
Then our attention was directed toward a
herd of buffalo coming from an opposite
direction. We moved forward a little to
get a better viciv of the herd when the
eagle, unn ware to us, spread hia pinions,
and when we looked again for him lie WW
soaring at a safe distance from our rilles.
We were on the leeward side of the herd
and so safe irom discovery if wo took ordin
ary p-ecaution among the trees. It was a
line spectacle which they presented, and
what was more we were in just the mood to
watch them. The land undulated but was
covered for many acres with minuter undulations of dark brown shoulders slowly drift'
ing toward us. We could hear tho rasping
souud which innumerable mouths made
chopping the crisp grass. As wc looked our
cars caught a low, faint, rhythmical sound
home to us from afar. We listened intently. The sound grew more distinct, until
we could recognize tho thread of another
herd of buffaloes coming from another
direction.
"We skulked low through the undergrowth and came to the edge of the wooded
patch just in time to see thc van of this
new li'-rd surmounting a hill. The herd
was evidently spending its force, having
already run for mileB. It came with a lessening speed, until it settled down to a
comfortable walk. About the same time
the two herds discovered each other, Our
herd was at first
A LITTLE STARTLED.
But after a brief inspection of the approach
ing mass tho work of clipping the grass of
the prairies was resumed. The fresh arrivals came to a standstill and gazed at the
thousands of their fellows, who evidently
had pro empted those sections. Apparently they reached the conclusion that that
region was common property, for they soon
lowered their headt. and began to ehave the
face of the earth of its green growths. The
space separating the herds slowly lessened.
1 he outermost fringes touched but a short
distance from our point of observation. It
was not like the fringes of a lady's dress
coming in contact with thc lace drapery of
a window, I can assure you. Nothing so
soft and sibilant as that. It waa more like
the fringes of freight engines coming iu con
tact with each other when they approach
with some momentum on thc same track,
" Two powerful bulls had unwittingly
found themselves in close proximity to each
other, coming from either herd. Suddenly
shooting up from the sides of the one whose
herd was on the ground first, Humes of dirt
made graceful curves in the uir. They were
the signals for hostilities to commence. The
hoofs of the powerful beast were assisted
by ids small horns, which dug the sod and
tossed bunches that settled out of the air
in hia shaggy mane. These bcligerent demonstrations were responded to in quite as
defiant a fashion by the lata arrival. He,
too, was an enormous affair. We noticed
his unusual propcrtiona of head. But hia
shoulders with their manes, were worth
displaying to excite admiration and awe at
their possibilities, it* they could do nothing
more.
" Unquestionably the two fellows regarded themselves as representative of their different herds, the one first on the ground
viewing the other as an interloper, and he
in his turn looking upon the formeros reigning because no one had the spirit to contest
hia supremacy and show him where he belonged. They sidled up nearer each other,
their heads all the while kept low to the
ground, aud their eyes, red with anger,
rolling
i.vriNE FUHY.
This display of the preliminaries of battle
drew the attention of an increasing number
from either herd. At first they would look
up, then recommence their eating, aud then
direct their attention mure intensely as the
combatants began to measure their strength
more closely. And when the light was on
Ihey became quite absorbed in the varying
fortunes of the struggle.
"At last the two huge fellows, after a
good deal of circumlocution, made the grand
rush. 1 reckon it would be your everlasting fortune if one of you college follows
who play foothull had the force to make the
grout rush whicli either one of these animals
presented. Tiie collision was straight and
square. A crash of horns, a heavy dull
thud of heads. We thought surely the
skull of one or the other or possibly both
was crushed in. But evidently they were
nut even hurt. Didn't they pusli then '!
Well, I guess ! The force would have ahov-
ed an old-fashioned barn from its foundations. Thc muscles swelled upon the thighs,
the hoofs sank into the earth. But they
were evenly matched,
"For an instant thero was a mutual cessation of hostilities to get breoth. Then
they came together with a morn resounding
crash than before. Instantly we perceived
that the mooting of heads waa not square,
Thc new champion bad tin. best position,
bike a (lash he recognized it and redoubled
his efforts to take its full advantage. The
other appeared to quadruple his elhjrts to
maintain himself In position, and his mus>
olos bulged out, but his antagonist made a
sudden move which wrenched his head is? ill
further off tho line, when ho went down
upon his knees, That settled the contest,
for his enemy was upon him before he could
recover. Me was 'litown uaido and his flank
waa raked by several ugly, upward thrusts
of ids toe, which left him torn and bruised
all iu a bean. Aa quick as he could get ou
hia feel he limped crestfallen away.
"The victorious fellow lushed hia small
tail, tossed his head, and moved in all the
pride of his conquest up aud do vn through
the ranks of his adversary's herd. How
exultant  he was !    We took it to  be rank
Impudence, ami though he had exhibited
Bomfl heroic qualities of strength nnd daring
it displeased us In see him take ou so many
airs ol account of his victory.
Hut this conquest of the field was not
yet entirely complete. As he strode proudly along his progress wus slopped by a loud
mort aud looking aside ho saw a fresh challenge. There, standing out in full view,
was another bull, a monster of a fellow,
belonging to his late enemy's herd, He
pawed tho earth with great strokes and sent
rockets of turf curving high in thc air, some
,| which sifted its fine soil down upon the
iose of the victor.
"As wc looked at this new chal'engcr
and took in his immense form we chuckled
wilh tho assurance that
TIIK HAUGHTY FELLOW
would now have some decent humility imposed upon  him.    The conqueror himself
must have been impressed with the formidable .ens of hia now antagonist, for there waa
a ehanga in his demeanor at once. Of
course, accordfag to a well established
buffalo code, he could do nothing but accept
the challenge.
" Space was cleared ��s the two monsters
went through their gyrations, their tossing,
of earth, their lashings of tail, their -snorts
and their low bellows. This appeared to
them a more serious contest than the former, if we could judge from the length of the
introductory part. They took more time
before they settled down to busineaa. We
were of the opinion that the delay was
caused by the champion, who resorted to
small arts to prolong the preliminaries. We
watched it all with tha most excited interest. It had all the thrilling features
of a Spanish bull fight without the hitter's
degradation of man. Here was the level
of nature. Here the true buffalo instincts
with their native temper exhibiting themselves in their most, emphatic and vigorous
fashion. It was tho buffalo's trial of nerve,
strength aud skill. Numberless as must
have been these tournaments, in which the
champions of different herds met todeoide
which was superior, in the long ages during
which the buffalo kingdom reigned supremo
over the vast Western prairies, yet few had
ever been witnessed by man. V\ e were
looking upon u spectacle exceedingly rare
to human eyes, and I confess that I never
was more excited than when this last trial
reached its climax. It was a question now
whether the champion would still hold hia
position. It stimulates one more when he
thinks of losi'lg what he has seized than
when he thinks of failing to grasp that
which he haa nover passed. Undoubtedly
both of these animals bad this same
feeling for as wo looked at his latest arrival
in tho arena we about concluded that ho
was thc real leader, and uot tho other that
limped away vanquished.
"While these and other thoughts were
passing through our minus tho two mighty
contestants squared and madBatremouduns
plunge for each other. What a shock was
that! What a roport rolled on the air! Tho
earth fairly shook with the terrific concussion of buffalo brains, and both burly fellows went down on their knees, both, too,
were on their feet tlio same instant, and
locked horns with the same swiftness and
skill, and each bore down on the other with
all the power he could summon. The cords
stood out like great ropes on their necks.
The muscles on ihighs and hips rose in lmgo
welts. Wo were quite near these fellows
and could see the roll of their
BLOOD-ltED FIEHY EYES.
They braced and moved with perfectly ter
riblc force. The froth begau to drip in long
strings from their mouths. The erstwhile
victor slipped wits one hind foot slight!
His antagonist fob it and instantly swuug
couple of inches forward, which raised tiie
unfortunate buffalo's hack, and we expected
every instant that lie would go down. But
ho had a firm hold and he swung hia an'ag-
onist back to his former position, whero
they both were held pantiug, their tongues
lolling out.
" Thero was a Blight relaxation for breath.
Then thc contest was renewed. Deep into
the sod their hoofn sunk, neither getting
the advantage of the other, Like the crack
of a tree broken assunder came a report on
the air and one of the logs of tho first lighter aank into the earth. The other buffalo
thought he m-v his chance and mado a furious plunge toward his opponent. The earth
trembled beneath us. The monsters there
fighting began to reel. Wo beheld an awful
rent in the sod. For an instant the giound
swayed, then nearly an acre dropped out of
sight,
" We started back with horror. Then
becoming ressured we slowly approached
the brink of the new precipice and looked
over. ThiB battle of the buffaloes had been
fought near the edge of this high bluff.
Their great weight��� each oue was over a
ton���ami their tremendous struggles had
loosened the fibers which kept the upper
part of the bluff together, and the foundations having been undermined by the current,
all were precipitated far below.
" As we gazed downward we detected two
moving masses quite a distance apart and
soon tho shaggy fronts of these buffaloes
were seen. One got into the cm rent of the
river and was swept down stream. The
other soon wus caught by the tides and
swept onward toward his foe. Probably
they resumed the contest whc,n, after gaining a good footing farther down thc banks
of the river, they were fully rested.
THE K00UK A RUSSIAN VAMPIKE-
lie Plunder. Ihe ivnsautt or Their Last
Kopeck hy tsiii-y.
I have frequently called attention to the
deplorable condition of the Pussian peasantry under the tyranny of tho village
usurers sa>s a St. Petersburg correspondent
to the London Telegraph. The .Sociote
Economique has now published a calculation that the rural population is paying
200,000,000 per annum interest to the koo-
laks. Tins is about equivalent to the interest annually paid on the national debt. In
fact, the usurers have discounted tho state
revenues and gradually sucked the peasantry so dry that they are now refusing to have
anything more to do with them.
Hitherto when a commune could uot pay
lis taxes the koolak paid and look the
crops of tho population for several years in
advance na repayment. Now, however, by
a long process of this exhaustive drain upon
them, the peasantry have been reduced to
such utter ruin that oven the koolaks will
no longer lend. The result, of course, will
be that none ofthe enormous arrears will be
paid, nor will it be possible to collect taxes
until the peasants have recovered somewhat.
And, unless a check is put ou the koolaks,
this recovery can never take place, for as
soon as it begins the koolak will recommence his operations.
A few examples will show what has been
and still is going on. I take them from a
small local paper, the Priazovaki Krau.
Two years ago a peasant in the district of
Hostoff borrowed 100 rubles at fi per cent,
per month, giving a bill for 200. Not being
able to pay his 100 at llie end of the first
year he renewed, giving this time a bill for
320. He then had 9(1 interest, making a
total of 256 rubles ; at the end of the second
year he had a good crnp, whioh brought him
200, all of which he had to pay, and remain*
ed still a debtor for 50 rubles.
In 1801 the peasants of the village of Ear-
lovna borrowed tinin the koolak Antoinsheff
8,000 poods of rye against 500 deslatlues of
their bust land for nine years. This year
they are buying back their land at 17 rubles
a (lesiadne. In another village the peasants
Bold their barley crop in advaneo to a koolak
for -'15 kopecks a po d, and are now delivering it tohiin, though the market prlco to-
day is from s.'i lo 00 kopecks. Comment ou
these examples is quite superfluous.
Items of Interest-
Kind words are tlio music of tho world.
The furniture and appointments of Queen
Victoria's now dining-room at Osborne cost
5100, OUO.
Itia said that the pungency of strong
vinegar is due to the pointed shape of the
salts that float in it.
In the Boston Assay Office are scales so
accural e that ihey indicate the ten-millionth
part of a pound.
Alien in Middletown, Pa., lately produced two ordinary-sized egga, joined in
Siamese twin fashion.
During tho past 100 years 453,954 patents
havo been issued in the United Slates. Only
three were granted in thc year 1790.
Several well-preserved India mummies
have been found in a sand mound ou Long
Island near the Columbia River, Oregon.
Iu case of a dispute betweeu the parents,
the father has the right to name the baby.
So decides a Rhode Island court.
Gold to the value of several thousand
dollars was found in a meteorite which
recently foil on tne ranch of Orley Adams,
in Bruueau Valley, Idaho.
^dE?8
Modern Miracles-
A singer for breath wus distressed.
And the doctoisall mid she must rest,
But Bbe took o.M.R
For her weak lunprs, you sec.
And now sho can sing with the host.
An athlete gavo out, on a run,
And he foaredhts career was quite done;
G.M.U.. pray observe.
(lave hack his lo-l nerve,
And now he can lift half a ton,
A writer, who wrote for n prize,
Hail headaches and pain in the eyes ;
O.M.I), was tho spell
Thai [made himquiio well.
And glory befuro him now lies.
These are only examples of the daily
triumphs of Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical
Discovery, in restoring beallh anil reviving
wasted vitality.    Sold by all druggists.
You can't estimate a man's liberality by
what ho thinks you ought to give.
Have You Asthma?
Dr. R. SOUIPFMANH, St. Paul, Minn.,
will mail a trial package of Scluffinaun's
Asthma Cure free to any sufferer. (Jives
instant relief in worst canes, and cures
where others fail. Name this paper und
send address.
The stronges t plume in wisdom's plnio
is the memory of past folly.
Dr. Harvey's Southern lied Pine for
cougha and cjlds is tho most reliable ami
pei feet cough medicine in the market. For
sale everywhere.
A Parisian wit once defined experience as
a comb that one became possessed of after
having lost oiic'h hair.
GIBBONS' TOOTHACHE GUM nets ai a
temporary lllUmr, nud stops toothaehu Instantly,   fjoid by druggist*
We always envy a fat woman when we
see her luughing ; there seems to be so much
of her that is having u good time.
A. P. 635.
IJlAHTRRSf Fllli: A5SVBSNGG CO. of Ilali
ia fax, Nova Sootta: Capital bi,ooq,o90j for
ageiieies al unrepresented  (mints iidilrom J.
11. Kwart, u'liui" Agent, Toronto.	
SI .
smart young men and women will
thoroughly prepare theinse'ves lu Shorthand,
Hook-keeping. Arithmetic, Pun ma in-hi p. Typi"
writing, etc. Addre38Collego of Correspond'
once, Toronto,
S la. opkeepevs
Buy direct from us. enn save money. Send for
prlco list.
Empire Tobacco Co., Montreal.
MANY A WEARY HOUR
��� U SA��'EI> to thoso who use tho
NEW KILI.IAIS NEUI.,1. H.UHIJE
TUs milium. Jilit. Co., Mil. Homr.nl.
KOFF   NO   MORE
WATSONS' COUCH DROPS
WILL CIVE POSITIVE AND INSTANT RELIEF TO THOSE SUFFERING
FROM COLDS, HOARSENESS, SORE
THROAT, ETO.ANO ARE INVALUABLE
TO ORATORS AND VOCALISTS. R. &
T. W. STUMPED ON EaCH DROP. TRY IHEM
7'ME DOLLAR'
MAKER, v
'���USKYOURSLmGHACHIHEAGEflT
kfOR IT- OR SENDA3CENT
\STAMP FOR PARTICULARS,
\PRICE LIST.SAMPLES,
ICOTTON YARN.&C. OF OUR
EELMAN EROS. MCRS
.G��l
STAND
to your colors, and that is tlio
UNICORN
MIXED PAINTS
because Ihey stand to you bright and linn,
or to anything they touch antl never
wear away,    fell your dealer you
muat have thc Unicorn, manufactured hy
L RAMSAY & I
- MONTREAL
G%Y^
TRUSS
IMPROVED THE LAST 20 YEARS
HOTHIHC BETTER UNDER THE SUN
RUPTURE
Send mi QuistidH Sheet. Oh Receiptof Answers,
Let Me Select What is Rfquiked. Witt Send You
Piioe. Codds.se Sent BY MAIL, Registered,
Conusor .no Cheap. ���
S.n. SUmp tor mutinied Rook
CHAS   CLTTTHH
SUSCIO.L M.OHINIST. 134 KIN] St.setW., T0K0NT0
A churn fifty-live years old is in tlio pos-
scRsion of Mrs. Sarall A. Sliatle, of Hstuviu,
Oliio. Tiie butler made iu it lias amounted
in value to over 810,01)0.
Eyesight Saved
Ailor Scarlet Foyer, Diphtheria, Pneumonia
and oilier prostrating rilscasea, Hood's Sar.��a-
jiariila u unequalled la
thoroughly purify the
blood and give needed
Strength. Hoatl this:
"My boy hnil Searli'i
Fever when 4 years old,
leaving htm very weal;
and with blood p.ii��>
iiikiI    Mill.    rtHilnr.
Ills eyes   became inflamed,   )iU  sufferings
re Intense, and for 7
Clifford Jliaekiiiini.
weeks lie could not even
open Ills eyes.   I took
nil Gltr Infirmary, but their
him to the Eye	
remedies did him no guod.   I began giving him
Hood's Sarsaparilia
which soon cured him. I know It nnred hia
nl��hi, If nothh v.'i'vlifi'." AnniK I". I"i..\i.'ii.
man, i-asa Washington St., Boston, Mass.
HOOD'S PiLl.f! tin the licet aftcr-dlnncr I'll J*,
ii.ist mgoilloa, euro liuudtiulie and blUuiumca!,
������������������������������������������������������������������i
A Choice Gift V 7 '.' 7
A Grand Family Educator '
A Library In Itself 7 7
The Standard Authority
NEW FROM COVER TO COVER.
Fully Abreast of the Times.     ^
{Successor of the authentic "Una-*
hrtiiBed."   Ton years spent pM"1!**
��100 editors employed, over $300,0110��
^expended.      r_^m^_ T
S01D BI ALL BOOKSELLERS.      X
OCT TUB 11EST. f
I)u not linv MDrlnl. ot olwolnto edition". W
A lor  K.   -im' ,l,l,-i '���,l:''';l���� �������*���� ���
PflgHnnd I'n.l. rAuni:l.'l.All3. *
:0. * 0. MERRIAM CO.. rublLhor., 2
���    SprlngUeld, Mass., U. 8. A. *
������,' %���������������������������������������������������
010$ KJVJOYS
Both the method aad results when
Syrup of Figs ia taken; it is pleasant
and refreshing to tho taste, and acts
gently yet promptly on the Kidneys,
Liver and Bowels, cleanses the system effectually, dispels colds, headaches and fevers and cures habitual
constipation. Syrup of Figs is the
only remedy of its kind ever produced, pleasing to the taste and acceptable to tho stomach, prompt in
its action and truly beneficial in its
effects, prepared only from tho most
healthy and agreeable substances, its
manvexcclletitquiilitiescomniendit
to all and have mado it tho most
popular remedy known.
Syrup of Figs is for sale in 75c
bottles by all leading druggists.
Any reliable druggist who may uot
have it ou hand will procure it)
promptly for any one ivho wishes
to try it. Manufactured only by the
CALIFORNIA FIG SYRUP CO,
SAN FB.AHOI800, UAL.
LOU1SVILI.K. UY.     HjiW YOBK. N. X
ARTIFICIAL \Xm
J. DOAN & SON.
For  circular Address,
77 Norlltcotc Ave. Toronto
CANADA PERMANENT
LOAN AND SAVINGS COMPANY
INCORPORATED A.O. I86S.
Subscribed Capital $5,000,000
Paid up Capitol  2,600,000
Reserve Fund    1,550,000
Total Assets 13,000,000
Office Toronto Street, Toronto
SAVINGS It UK lilt IM II
Su in i of il itml upward* received at current
rater) of inlerext, paid or compounded halt
yearly.
IIMtlAllltrX
Monov received for a ilxoil term of years for
wlikh debentures nre i-wucrt with half yearly
Interest Coupons attached. Kxecutors and
Trustees uro authorize.! by law to invest In iho
Dobonturef of this Company, The capital and
iis-.ii-: of the Company lii*inu pledged fur
money thus received. Debenturo liolders are
nt all liiiu's insured of purfert safely,
.1 iKKiuiti HAtws, Managing Director.
-DR.TABTS-
ASTHMALENE
(lives a Night'
n
MUCH BETTER,
Thank You!
THIS IS THE UNIVERSAL TESTI-
MOXYof thoso urho havo suffered from
CUROXIO BRONCHITIS, COUil/IS,
COLDS, OR AM' FORM OF \FAST-
2XO DISEASES, after they hav* tried
SCOTT'S
EMULSION
Of Pure Cod Liver Oil and
HYPOPHOSPHITES
���Of I.line nud Soda.--
IT IS ALMOST AS PALATABLE
AS MILK. IT IS A WONDERFUL
FLESH PRODUCER. IHsvtrd and
endorsed by Physicians, Avoid alt
imitations or *ui>>'Hut inns. Sold by
all Drxtaaista at SOr. and $100.
scott .t no trye, Bdlevllle,
SAUSAGE CASINGS JOSSffllB
Ii h, constantly on hninl. nl*. prime Aim-i'iran
Rog'a t'a-lnns. Full lines New II inn. Long
Ulnar Bacon. Rolls, cheese. Lard, ota Park,
Hi.ttni-wKi.!. & Co, Ltd., successora to Jas.
PARR St SON. Toronto.
ASTHMA
of imnionnd P.O. Address
will mail TRIAL BOTTLE
Dr.TAVTBiiOB.Alr
1
so Hint you nood not
for breit th fnr fea:
su (locution. On receipt
FREE
MUSIC.
Shoot Music, Musio Books, Guitars
Banjos) Violins, Accordoons and all kinds
of Band Instruments.   Tbe largest stock iu
Canada to choose from.
Hot .our prices beforo purchasing elsowhoro
and sarotitonoy.
SEND VOU CATALOGUE.
WHALEY, ROYCE & CO.,
I5S VQNQE STREET,    -^TORONTO, OMT
ffiUMISM AND NEURALGIA.""
Arise from poor dlg08<
tiun. etc. Kidneys fall
to extract tho uric acid
from Un' blond, ilc.irt
ili-eascnml Other mulu-
dic boIko wilh such
ruinous force that break
il o w ii our strongest
youthB in a few weeks
So says Popular Hygiene
nn I mills : "Si. Leon
Water hits tho power to
Unlit  and dostr.
fui iinti.
sill
tost pa
vvcr-
and
should be taken freely
to absorb the dead! pot
sons Uu.t undermine tho
nvsctni."
Try It,    II will prove
(bo truth of above:
St Leon Minora!Water Co. (Limited)
HoadOfnco-lfll' K'ng Stroot Wost,
TOItONTO.
Branch Ofllco���< ry-lnl Hull, 111) Yougo Streot,
DO YOU IMAGINE
That people would liuve been regularly U"lng
our Toilet Houps since ISI.'i ifortv-seven   Inn*
years) If thoy had not been GOOD / Tho public
iire not fools and do nut continue to buy Hoods
unless thoy are salisfacto y.
WRITE FOR PARTICULARS
Of Complete Steam Lauuebenfrom '.'ixi to .tix7
"Aomo (.'.nil-oil Bolters and Engines" from
J to 8 HI'.   Largo rises.    Coal or wood fuel,
"Tho Marsh Ste.un Pump" tbe host boilor
feeder In tho market. Returns exhaust into
feed water homing it from HI to tQdOgreos,
For    catalogue    .-��� ivi    8c,    stump.      .(Oil*
t.u.urs a to. ("nrlctou Nitre, u��i.
IMPORTANT
Tho preparation of delicious and wholesome
food is necessary to our happiness. To uccoiu-
plsb this tine materials must ho used. We
recommond
EMPIRE BAKING POWDER
na containing strength,  purity, and safety
(lunniiitced lo;;ive r-uit-faction. "Munufaclur
ed only by HJI.IS A UtlH.IILI'V. Toronto
Sold at 35ots pound tin. Ask your (jrocor for 1
Farmers and Stockman
LelebfatedEnglisliWiltstiiFeOils
A positive care for Sprains, Bruises, Green or
n.<l Wounds, influenza. Weak Knees, Gated
.Shoulders Sore Bucks, Cupped Hocks, Swollen
UddeiW For
RHEUMATISM
Wo guarantee an absolute euro in from ono
to throe applications.
One Trial will Convince.
Pronounced by medical   men the  greatest
discovery of tlio Nineteenth Century.
PltlCE .-.lie, |*i;k 1EOTTLE.
J. CROSS, Proprietor,     ���    OWEN SOUND
For maW) by Druggists.'. _____
John Bull Steel Plate  Range
m   ��
FOR COAL AND WOOD.
LATt'Sr AMIKKMT. KTI'ULlMTIfU
aUSRKEAKABLF,
Bo Biiro and mo tho elegant stove before buy-
InKitny other. Sold hv all lending dealers.
MnnTd by ��:. A V. (.ttrnry Co.. Toronto
Confederation Life
3STABLISHED1
1871.        I
TORONTO.
13. K. MACDONALD,
\       nanaglng Director
Insurance at Risk,   -   -  $22,000,000
Cash Assets,
$4,000,000
Paid Policy-holders,   ���   -   $2,250,000
HEW BUSINESS ���r 1892�� WELL IN ADVANCE
OF THAT FOR 1891 OR ANY PREVIOUS YEAR.
���; POLICIES FREE .���
Practically, FROM ALL CONDITIONS
Residence, Travel and Occupation.
AFTER  TWO  YEARS.
as to
are  mere I'm
your Saw-dust pile is reduced
Our Band Mill
will reduce it,    Cfiw
giving you 011^"
[Art Boards, When you now get
pac-ity oE your mill increased, lumber t ruer, cut
nearer to size, less saw culls.
I BEST OF ALL,   Entire cost of change saved
II st year.    Continual profit thereafter���so   why
I ot investigate?
-   BBANTFOED,   CANADA
CURES      / YOUNG POLKa
(
Ii
v t;
I
J i
��/���'
Not A True Story-
���Aero is a funny little girl, who roads me every
day
The mi f ���uirpr's'ng traiHs from a volume
wol ..Nlgray.
**. lands I .:**!������ "Hinkeys buy uxl sell, sod tails,
nmi sotswft. ���"
*"-*-���- aw Jiovia, tumorous as dihes in a
A B*fircanrill savage men whobutlt. great cities
out of bones,
&mt\ dwarf*, whose woods are bits of moss,
their mountains nobble stones.
But tho book in which tlio reads about these
travellers of renown
Is the Family Receipt Book, nnd sho holds it
upside down,
Tho Pumpkin-Pie Tree-
AONESCARRSAQB.
.4ttle Juan and J usnita Pettitoes stood
in from uhlio farmhouse, biting half-moons
out of generous pieces of such delicious,
rich, spicy, hob pumpkin pie as only an old-
fashioned housekeeper knows how to concoct. Now, some nineteenth century wise-1
seres contend lhat pumpkin-pie making is a
Inst art, one that went out witli tho Pilgrim
Mothers, Hut Mrs, Pettitoes' pastry was
rooiI enough for anybody, and, as the savory morsels melted upon their tongues, her
offspring nodded, and gurgled, ami smacked iu a inauncr that expressed most entire
and complete satisfaction.
"Dood! Ithn't it?" lisped small Juanita
"Prime ! A regular Jim Handy of a pie!"
agreed Juan, with a beaming smile. A
smile that was almost grotesquely reflected
and exaggerated >" tlm --Inning black countenance of poor Ananias Crow, a lank Nepro
boy, who just then ambled up, ousting green
glances of envy upon the tempting brown
and yellow slices fast disappearing down
tv/n narrow "red lines." Fortius s?n of
Africa, who had breakfasted very lightly
that morning, was painfully conations of an
inward craving iu llio region of tllO waistband, while his " sweet tooth" seemed suddenly possessed with a jumping toothache.
Hut if hunger sharpens the appetite, It
sharpens the wits as well, and, instead of
winning out a piteous appeal for a crumb of
charity, iu the manner peculiar to the professional beggar, this worthy namesake of
the liihlo falsifier came to an abrupt stop in
the middle of the road, and held up both
him.Is in horrified amazement, exclaiming
" Well, well, bress my soul ! Ef you chill-
ens isn't jest de most waste fullest critters
I dono come across in a month of Sundays '.
To he gohblin' down punkiu' pie in dat ar
fashion, when you might ratso a tree dat
would gib yer a dozen turnobers ebery day
In do week 1"
" Wnal do you mean hy that;" demanded Juan, pausing in his crescent making,
while little Juanita-.hid her hist piece of
crust���the pari, fancifully decorated by tho
jigging iron under her apron ns though
she feared tho newcomer had designs upon
it.
" I mean what I sez," replied the wily
youth, " Ain't you uebcr heard tell ob a
pie tree';"
" Why,���no!" and now tho tiny pair
drew near in curious wonder. "Is thore
really such a tiling ?"
" To he sho dere is ! To he sho ! And
I 'low you is drcllul Iggeront not to know
dat !"
"I know there is a brood-fruit tree I" retorted Juin, wiio, being counted rather a
bright scholar, was stung by this slur ; "we
learned about it in our geography. It is a
native ol hot countries, nnd benra a fruit
resembling a loaf of bread in appearance."
The lad rattled off this quotation with considerable pride.
"Yep ! and 1 Bpcct de pie tree ho belong
fo de same fambly. Whar i was raised
doy wus thick as pustey : apple pie trees,
mince-pie trees, craub'ry-pie trees ! Ef you
is hongry, all you huh tu do step out an'
help yourio'f to a hot tart."
"On, dear! How nit he 11 with they grew
hero," sighed littio Juanita.
"So day would. So dey would of you
planted .mi. Data why I sez yon is wicked,
wasteful chiilens to be swallowin'down dose
slices instead ob turnin' urn into seed."
[tig aud bright as full moons bocaine the
lour blue eyes gazing into mendacious
Auanius's ebony features, which never
flinched a muscle, while Juan usked, with
an excited tremble in his shrill, boyish voice,
"Do you want us to believe that these
pieces ol ma's pie would grow up into a
tree':"
"Growl Crow like .lack's beanstalk if
you plant urn right; in a nice, sunny spot,
wid a little fence aronn' urn, but no earf on
top. Dey jest want do sun an'de air, an'
doy spring up like toad-stools, so in free
days you nab enufi* rlpa pies to stock a bake-
shop.   S'pose yer try it an' see."
" But we haven't a great deal left," said
Juan, contemplating, somewhat ruefully,
the remains of their least.
���' Thero are five whole pithes on the
pantry shelf," suggested Juanita, in a stage
whisper.
"Den jest you borrow do biggest, an'
next week you kin return two for one,"
prompted the shrewd Ananias, who already
saw prospectB of a delectable meal floating
before his mental vision ; while a few more
highly-colored statement., from hia rosy imagination boqu sent the small Pettitoes dancing oil in a perfect ferment of enthusiastic
anticipation. And, in the dusk of evening
two fagurea might have been seen emerging
from the farmhouse, bearing somethini
carefully between them j something whiei
they hid, or planted, in the south comer of
the One Aero lot.
"Now, we mustn't look at it for throe
days," remarked Juan, as he hammered in
the last paling of a protecting inclosure.
"But, then, wc can make a Thanksgiving
and Christmas for every one in tho neighborhood. Oh, won't it bo fun ! and how
surprised and pleased ma will be
But I fancy tho mother would havo been
more astonished than delighted if, nn hour
later, she cnuhl havo beheld a certain
naughty, black Crow supping upon her
masterpiece, and chuckling gleefully at the
result of his strategy. " You is cut out for
a politician, 'Niaa, tny boy ! You is, an'no
mistake I" ho ejaculated several times, ns he
smacked his lips with enraptured gusto.
"���Hratige, too, to relate, the dreams which
tha: night visited the pillows of Juan and
iluanttaand those which crept under the
Negro lad's kinky wool wore very much of
the Batne character. For both took the form
of an extremely flourishing and wide-spread-
:ug treo, that bore an hundred pumpkin
cues; but, whilo one showered templing
ttltlcts upon the happy little white folks,
Mio other appeared to spring from the chest
A the wretched dreamer, crushed him to
the very earth, until he awoko with a gasp
and a scream, to find himself in the clutches
of a wild and distressing nightmare, caused,
who shall say, whether by the lato, rich
repast, or hy tlio qualms of an uneasy conscience '.' Only, I fear, harumscarum Ananias
was seldom troubled with moral dyspepsia.
But, tho next morning an East wind
blew in the Pettitoes, homestead, and Mrs.
Fettitoea,���whose temper was almost as hot
as the ginger with which sho Ikvored her
pies,���waa sadly put out by the disappear'
ance of her largest and finest pastry. The
one designed for the minister's own eating.
" Where ia my pie ? Tho parson's pie V
she demanded again and again, until, observing the red cheeks and sheepish looks
of her sou and daughter, she pounced upon
them, and by main force aa it were, dragged from their unwilling lips an account of
their attempt at pastry farming,
"But���but, it won't sprout if you look at
it for three days," stammered tho urchin,
who was on tho verge of tears.
" Three days I fiddlesticks ! Lead me to
thc spot at once 1" commanded the irate
dame, and, worely against ���their will, the
t-hil.irev *���" *> obliged to ��Wi*diict her to the
i5W,v   .4\v>Wo.( *Jsr* ��"-�� Aotelot.
. I\u, it, *.' -rill grow Vcwuthit ithu'i
hero," t\j*unced Juanita, who skipped
ahead, unu first stooped down to examine
Mie seed.
" Of course it's not there I" exclaimed her
mother, "That chip of the old Scriptural
block has scon to that, you may ho Btire,
anil, if 1 could catch the pf.ouj fraud, I'
teach him thc moral of his fairy talea !"
"Only  dis  weasel  ain't  (twine  to  be
cotched," chuckled sn eavesdropper behind
the fence.
"Whilesa for you, ailly children, yon can
carry the next nest pie to the minister, and
go without, yourself, for a month."
This was a bitter sentence for tho sweets-
loving little folks, and as, with unusually
sober faces, tfcey trotted dowp the road in
S3* direction sf the psno.uae, Juan remarked to his sister, " 'Nita, I gueaa we'd
better go out of the business, and give up
trying to raise punkin-pie trees."
DAMASCUS THE AHOIENT-
Muslcim tiro wing Hlcner, Christians nnd
Jews Poorer.
The British Consul in Damascus, in a report which has lately been isauei by the
Foreign Office, gives some interesting information in regard to the condition of that
city aud ita neighborhood, says the London   ���        o-o- -       - -    , ,,
Times.   Damascus   sends to Beyrout and | ��rain the annah of the city ^JJ^Jf,���
other towns in Syria flour, grain, and fruita,   ������'���"'��� ���'- "
B&ITISfi  COLUMBIA   COLUERIEB
Tin* Mew Vancouver Coal and land C��--
Froriprro..4 Nanaimo -Contented Work
Ufinfin -Beneficial Effect of the Cornwall Cottage Farm ftyalcan.
AU who are acquainted with the reaour-
ess of the Province of British Columbia acknowledge the Important part She extensive coal fields of Nanaimo are bound to play
in the future of the country, being one of
tho principal sources of its permanent
economic industry. In times past the
wealth and profits of the Nanaimo coal
fields were dissipated in building up other
localities at its expense. Happily, however, this undesirable state of affairs under*
went a change for the better during the
last couple of years and is still progressing
favorably. The advent of the New Vancouver Coal and Land Co. altered the state
of things generally and inaugurated a new
while, in regard to the necessaries of life, it
ia practically self-supporting, with the exception of Manchester manufactures.   Cot'
and ita extensive eoal fields. Almost im
mediately the new regime gave an impetus
to trado and commerce, and wealth extracted from the bowels of the earth which
ton goodB were formerly all home made, but i previously vented in the wrong direction is
the great cheapness of British cottons has now expended in measures for tho improve-
destroyed the home production. The trade ment and development of tho surface
of the place is almost atationary from year ground of the vicinity. Nanaimo has con-
to year ; if there is an increase in the trado Bequently prospered and advanced percep-
"n an articlo one year there is a correspond-; tibly, not only in the paths of trade,
ing decrease thc next, tor luxuries are scarce
COMMERCE AND KKT��RPIll3Jt,
d the necessaries of life will only fluctuate   ,   .    .     ...        .   ,.   ..       ��� _-�����._��-*
il, tl.N -wnnUMnt,  ���hll�� ft,. /*nnrt. de. I but alao in those indicative of refinement
with the population, while the exports depend ou tin: harvest, which rarely fail".
The population is given at about 210,000,
of which about 180,000 are Mislema. The
number is supposed to be increasing, but it
must be slowly, for the old walla still  hut-
taste and culture, emerging at a bound
from tbe erudent-aa of a mere mining camp
into the full fledged dignity of a city, conscious of its own wealth and importance,
worthy of its pictureiqus situation and the
inestimable value of its mineral resources.
raattdI 111. greater part of th. population,! "����'JSOSS~U~~t
rem.'(table, tlio Moslem, having of late <% ���� ��>��� '<**��� ""J"""0',��� ���f'"',"'" i
years absorbed the trade and wealth which enormously incrusad theou putlol eoal and
were formerly iu tho hand, of the others dividends, ^��'����I��1"��S*'��"I,J��t
The Moslems steadily increase in wealth, '"* large sum.of money i"tealalttlta^Iron,
while the Christian, and Jeas as aw��dily ' "��tur0'T18'���""'��� ��'thelr he--"ta8e-   rhe"f"
ilccline. The unusual
to lie due to the loss
uiiii   ijt'wa   as   minimi j , , ,   , .        ,   -i,
1 state of things is said J"" achieved by a muter ..roll
of the throuelftnule to : onsiness polioy.dchvered at thc proper time,
Bagdsd, to tho dMe. t �� whloh'tho*., Who ' J* which th. market was at once wrcted
araaolMosleinscncounterlnbusiness, andto fr��m thf grasp of powerful r val, and s���.
thelnsoWcncyol thoOovernment TheDs, Z&����Ofa^S&t\
Christians and Jews, and the repudiation consumption of Brtisht olumbls.00.1.   It
was a heavv blow to tl em I m"!t bo bon"1'" m[ai that lheSe lmPorta,��'
" But TO5 *S S wealth of the I-""""ere attained at tho ttaewUth.
place has considerably incroued iu tho last j "j" "*** ��� ��__*!_���&^SSS
thirty years, and it is probable that Uamas.  not by cutting prices, nor yet by cheese-
cus will still further increase when the railways now projected from the const are constructed, The exportation ot Himoriee root,
however, seems to bedoomed hy the discovery of root of a superior quality in Asia
Minor and elsewhere. Apricots form one
ofthe chief producta of Damascus. Itia
estimated that in a good year no fewer than
17,000 tons are gathered. Large quantities
are aent fresh into the neighboring towns
and villages, while tho rest ia dried or mado
into paste and exported to Egypt. Hemp,
too, is an important local production. Local
industries aro numetoua and some are of importance. Tho chief is weaving. There
arc about 2,000 looms for cotton, wool, and
silk weaving, The first ptoduce calico,
curtains, and divan covers, the material
used for the long coats worn by Moslems,
and for tho cloaks which cover the native
women from head to foot. A hand loom
can turn out thirteen yards of striped cotton
cloth per day, but tho average day's work
does not exceed seven yards. The cotton
looms are constantly at work, while the
wool and silk looma are frequently idle.
The manufacture of ropes, harness, hammered iron, copper, and brass work are among
tho other industries. Tli ��� ornamental brass
work and mether-of-pearl inlaid work are
chiefly supported by travellers, who pay exorbitant prices.
LIFE IN APIEATB8HIP.
Merit ��uu Bravery   Kcwarded and DU-
honratr Very Heverelr Pnnlshed.
Tho customs and regulations most commonly observed on hoard u buccaneer are
worth noting. Every pirate captain, doubtless, had his own set of rules; but there
wore certain traditional articles that aeem
to have heen generally adopted. The captain had the state cabin, a double vote in
'lectiona, a double share of booty. On some
csscls it was tho captain who decided what
direction to sail in, but tills and other matters of moment were oftenor settled by a
ote ot the company, the captain's vote
counting for two. The officers bad a share
and a half or a share and a quarter of all
slunder, and the sailors one share each.
Ilooty was divided with scrupulous care
and marooning was the penalty of attempting to defraud the general company, if only
to the amount of a gold piece urn dollar.
Every man had a full vote in every affair
of importance,
Arms were always to he clean and fit for
service, and desertion of the ship or quarters
in battlo wero punished with death. On
Roberta's ship a man who waa crippled in
battle received $800 outof the common stock,
and a proportionate sum waa awarded for
lesser hurts. Lowther allowed JCl."��t) for the
loss of a limb, and other captains instituted
a sort of tariff of wounds which extended to
ears, fingers and toes. In chase or battle the
captain's power waa absolute. Ho who first
spied a sail, if she proved to be a prize, was
entitled to tho beat pair of pistols on board
her over and above Ida dividend. These
pistols wore irreatly coveted, and a pair
would sell for aa much as ��.10 from one
pirate to another. In their own commonwealth the pirates are reported to have been
severe up jii the point of honor, and among
Rolierts's crew it waa the practice to slit the
cars or nose of any Bailor found guilty of
rohbing his fellows.
Such feeble interest that now attaches to
what was once the formidablo fame of the
pirates U not even ti'Bthetio, it is merely
comic. No imaginative essayist discuiiBea
piracy as a fine ait; but Paul Jonea ia resurrected aa the hero of a musical burlesque,
Poor Paul! And ho ia almost the only one
of the whole buccaneering race whose story
discovers a trace of the legendary gallantry
nf piracy. Paul, whose father had been head
gardener to Lord Selkirk, plundered the
Selkirk mansion of its plate, which he subsequently returned in a parcel to Lady Selkirk with a letter of polite apology.
Had a Uornor On Air and Landscape.
A stable-keeper had overcharged me, as I
thought, and I waa expostulating vigorously,when he coolly remarked.
"But, my dear air,'you hud an open car*
riago."
"'Well, what if I didT Doos it take any
moro horses to draw an opon uurria&o?
Does it tako any more men to drive one?
"Well, perhaps not," said he; hut then
ycu get the air and tho belter view,"
"And do you mean to tell me,'' aaid I;
"that you are clu.rging me for the air V"
"Well, we don't put it in just that way,"
said he, "but that is about tho size of it.''
So I had paid for the carriage, for the
horaea and for tho man as well a> for the
air I breathed whilo hiring them, but 1
thought at the time if this man could get a
corner ou tho moon's my* he would make
.sentimental lovers live there by the hour
if they wanted to do their lovo making in
the most approved and picturesque style.
Baron Blank���" Permit mc, dear Miss
Triller, to present to you this little token."
Miss Triller���" The flowers arc very hand*
some." Baron Blank���" But why are you
tearing them apart';" Mlsi Triller���" I'm
searching for the little token."
A Now Hampshire woman, aged 80 ytars,
wl.-n asked recently how she had kept herself so vigorous and healthy, replied : "By
never allowing myself to fret over things I
cannot help ; hy taking a nap, and sometimes two, every day ol my lite ; by never
taking tny washing, ironiug and baking to
bed with me ; and by oiling all the vaiiou-
wheela of a busy life with an implicit belief
that there ia a brain and a heart to this
great universe, and that I could trust them
both,
paring infringements on the earnings of the
toiler, but aolely by a simple acknowledgement of the justice contained in the great
fundamental principle laid down by Capt.
Drummond for tho guidance and information
of the landed proprietors in Tipperary BO
years, ago"that capital has its duties as well
aa Ita rights." Avoiding conflict with the
sentiment of local labor organization, although, perhaps sensible of the fact which
has lately been proved, that local organizations are a source of weakness instead of a
tower of strength tothe cause of labor, and
by a few judicious concessions, the management of the new corporation succeeded in
establishing a good understanding
FOU UDTOAL OBHIF1T
and cemented thereby a firm bond of lasting
amity between them ��nd their numerous
employeea. Having their welfare, comfort
and prosperity at heart, besides a conscientious belief in the Baying that one contented
workman is worth a dozen discontented ones,
they introduced a few years ago, under the
direction and, it ia presumed, on the recom
mendatlon of the manager, Mr. Samuel M.
Robins, the Cornwall cottage farm system,
That gentleman being personally cognizant
of the beneficial effects of this system to ihe
miners of the Stannaries in tho land of "Tre,
Pol and Pen," was not slow in putting the
scheme into practical form. As an experiment a largo tract of forest land to the
northweat and immediately outside the city
limits proper was surveyed off and blocked
out into five acre lota, with cleared roads,
one chain wide, at convenient distances.
These lots were leased, with the option of
purchase, at a nominal rent on condition of
clearing, improving and cultivating them.
And now, what a few years ago was almost
impenetrable foreet, the home of the deer,
the bear, the wolf and the panther, presents
to tho eye the pleasing prospect of rural
felicity. Well cultivated gardens and
orchards surround the neat comfortable
homes of these hardy sona of toil, the joyoua
shouts and laughter of merry children " juat
out from school" resounds where the
STILLNESS OF SlttJRE S SILESCE
once reigned supreme. Satisfied with the
unmiatakahle results beneficial to the work
ingman by a trial of the system another
large tract of unbroken forest land near
Chase river is, it is understood, to be similarly laid off. The first allotments will soon
be embraced within the confines ot the city
liniita. Schools have heen built and established by the Provincial Government and
with the roads running through these suburban localities a little more improved,
then may Nanaimo boast of the moat pictai'<
cirque rural scerery and sylvan drives on the
island of Vancouver, rivalling even those of
famed Victoria, intensified by evidences of
rural prosperity and contentment, the
homes of sober, moral, horny-handed, industrious, law abiding people, standing out
in marked contrast as an example to other
localities aa a place, where the exciting, insidious vaporings of restless spirits or the
insinuating, honeyed agitator is wasted on
desert air.
Not content with holding out induce
merits to their employees, to, iu their leisure moments, aeck healthful exercise away
from the rum mills, in improving and cultivating the surface land, the company, in
order to seta good example, have undertaken the gigantic task of clearing some
hundreds of acres immediately adjoining
the first allotments. The woik ia carried
on under the immediate personal supervision of manager Robins. The incessant reports aa the gigantic stumps of the monarcha
of the forest are blown up resound along
the valleys and re-echo from the distant
hills and mountains, breaking on the stillness of the forest something like the cannonading of a beaicged city. For the present it is presumed the land thus reclaimed
will be worked and cultivated by the company as a farm for the maintenance of their
numerous stock. Whether it will prove a
profitable undertaking from a financial
point of view is open to question, seeing the
enormous initial coat per acre required to
bring the land under the plough. Be that
as it may it ia a worthy undertaking in
every respect and stands out
IN 111)1.1) uki.ikk '
aa an effort to furnish additional o . .
ment and ono which other corporations
might imitate with profit to tho
country, preient and future, It ia
a strong evidence, if nothing else, of unbounded faith in the future  of  Nanaimo.
Thua underground and over ground the
work of progress and improvement goes on
uninterruptedly without ostentation, the
only "boom " is the boom of the continuous
blasting of the stumps or the never-ceasing
buzz of the impecunious Victoria real estate
man seek ing whom he may devour. Certainly a email city of .rv 00 inhabitants, whose
earnings from wagen from one source alone
average from ?!20 to $'J") each per month, for
every man, woman and child, especially
nowadays, the most likely place on the
coast whero the chink in the pocket of the
unwary gladdens the ear, holds out special
inducements for the excrciae of the suave
blandishments of tho ubiquitous, well-shaven, shabby genteel mud peddlers who recently adorned a counter and a plate glass
window way down in Gotham by the aea.
This substantial city of Nanai.no, with a
tiolld backing, not of Inflated real estate
tone or the aping of faihtonabl* city, simple,
pure and unrefined,as comfortable and warm
as the product of its mines, only some HO
miles distant across tho l-ulf of Georgia
from thc Terminal City of Vancouver, will
court with that city a much closer trade
connection in the near future than at present, And why not. Sooner or later Nanaimo is deatinod to be a manufacturing and
industrial centre.   Ub magnificent bay,
for the construction of graving docks, shipbuilding, and the hundred and one industries in connection with iron, these probabilities���cettainties iu a measure���cannot be
lightly ignored. That a vast volume of
trade will spring up in consequence ia to
be expected and ia well worth whi
inf alter in time. Its all-rait connection between San Francisco and Vancouver will
change the commercial route for California
produce and the position of Nanaimo guarantees it to be the distributing point for the
island portion of that trade. Possibly the
time may come sooner than expected when
Ihe C. P. R., in self-defence, will ho forced
to sscure a more expeditious route for their
Oriental mails and passengers. A short line
of railway from Nanaimo to Beautiful creek
in the vicinity of Cape Beale, Barclay
Sound, and a swift -29-knot ferry across the
Gulf to Vancouver, would ensure a saving
of from 2-1- to 30 hours, if not more, in the
existing transit. Such are the signs of the
times visible on tho horizon of the future���
the prosperity of thc one city will add to
that of the other.
Nanaimo is on the move, and aspiroa to
that commercial and manufacturing distinction inseparable from its inexhaustible collieries. Many entertain great expectations
from the Canada Western railway. Perhaps so; but then the tailors of Tooley
street failed in their attempt to voice the
people of England. Any scheme, however,
calculated to open up and develop the
country, whether on Mainland or Island,
will benefit Nanaimo and add to her prosperity. Nanaimo has no rivals, and consequently no petty jealousies to hinder her,
and wishes like wealth and prosperity to
her neighbors.
ODD BITS OF INFORMATION.
interesting rutintslraiml rruui a Variety
at Soum*.
The healthiest spot in the world seems to
be a little hamlet in France named Aumone,
There are only forty inhabitants, twenty-
three of whom are eighty years of age, and
one ia over one hundred.
M. and Mine, Neckar wero actually preserved in a huge vat of spirits of wine. The
vat ia in the grounds of Copuett ��� once the
residence uf Mme. DeStael���where it ia
partly hidden by a number oi trees planted
around it. So anxioua waa M. Neckar that
he and his wile should be pickled in this
strange way that���fearing his own family
might not carry out hia wishes���he left a
sum of money to the Town Council for the
supply of spirits of wino for that extraordinary purpose.
Dentists say that the greateit difficulty
they meet with in their work ii tho matching of false teeth with the natural teeth of
their customers. The tooth factories aupply
dentists with rings upon which are strung
thin metal bars, each carrying a tooth at its
extremity. There are twenty-five of theae
sample teeth that run all the way from
nearly white to a shade that ia almost olive,
Some of the twenty-five usually matches the
patient's teeth, and, at any late, enables
the dentist to match the teeth by application at the factory.
The Court of Pope Leo XIII. comprises
1,100 persons, near five hundred of whom
bear the title of Chamberlain. He has
twenty private secretaries in hia employ.
It ia a singular fact that when the late
Lord Tennyson wrote a poem he invariably
had it put in type and locked it up for a
number of years. If at the end of the allotted time he still liked the verses he corrected them ami had them published, if not
he destroyed them.
There is a woman in Montreal who writes
to a newspaper to say that during the period of four years and two months ahe bad
picked up in the street, one at a time, 11
000 pins.
Do&s are not partial to muzzles, but
an artist recently invented a muzzle for
hia dog whioh in no way disconcerted the
animal. He painted a representation of a
muzzle over the dog's head bo cleverly that
all the police men were deceived by it. The
fraud was discovered by an old lady whose
pug dog hated a muzzle so much that she
allowed the animal to roam about without
one. When the police captured Iter dog,
the lady complained that tne painter's dog
went about without the customary headgear. The policeman assured her that the
artist's dog was always muzzled, and was
petrified with astonishment on learning
that the muzzle was simply painted on the
dog's head.
The year of greatest growth in boys ia the
seventeenth; in girls, the fourteenth.
While girls reach full height in their
fifteenth year they acquire full weight at
the age of twenty. Boys are stronger than
girls from birth to the eleventh year; then
girls become superior physically to the
���eventconth year, when the tables are again
turned and remain so. From November to
April children grow very little and gain no
weight; from April to July they gain in
height, but lose in weight, and from July
to November they increase greatly in
weight, but not in height.
Of unprofessional strong men the Czar is
a splendid example. His fingers possess
extraordinary strength. He can twist a
nail with them until ib resembles a corkscrew, and double up a silver coin in hia
palm. He has a rival in Sig. Gioletti an
Italian politician, He can bend a horse-
shoo with one hand, and double up a five-
franc piece in hia palm. Sometimes he
amusea himself and astonishes his friends
by tearing up an entire pack of cards. One
of his friends says that a grasp of his hand
ia like a judgment from heaven.
Marvels of the Under-World-
The mystery of the under-world appeals
with irresistible force to the imagination.
Talea of the wondera concealed in caverns
and hidden under the ground have always
interested the inhabi.ftnts of every country.
And tho strange and splendid scenes frequently discovered in auch places as tho
Mammoth Cave, the Luray caverns, the sea
caves of Bermuda and the Blue Grotto of
Capri have lent wingB to the fancy which
pictures still more marvellous spectacles
" underneath the ground."
As a matter of fact it ia probable that we
are as yet acquainted with but comparatively few of the spacious caverns that exist at
no great depth beneath the earth, ami
which, filled with air, are capable of being
explored by men. The explorations of Mr.
K. A. Martel in France, have recently added very largely to our knowledge of what
has been called the "suhterranean geography "of that country. Similar work in
other countries would undoubtedly produce
many surprising revelatious of what the
earth contains.
It la well known that a vast quantity of
water exists beneath the aurfaco of the
ground, and that even considerable atretvma
aro (lowing thero, Mr. Baldwin Latham
has lately called attention in Kngland to
very interesting method of tracing the
courses of these underground streams.
At certain seasons, especially in September and October, peculiar lines of fog may
be observed close to the ground, and he saya
these indicate where streams of water are
flowing at a considerable depth beneath the
surface. During the greater part of the year
aome of the strata between the aurface of
the earth and the underground water arc
sufficiently cold to condense the vapor arising from the water and thus prevent Its appearance nt the aurface. But in the autumn
the soil is frequently warmed ao deeply
that no condensing stratum of cold exists,
and then the vapor reaching the surface
forms lines nf fog following tho course of
tho concealed streams of water underneath.
It is suggested that here U nnother of
those curious provisions of nature which
bciwfittho living forms inhabiting the earth;
for the vapor which proceeds from streams
da��sp underground!, being ordiiw.rily con*
nensed not far under tho surface, may .serve
to sustain the life of plants during seasons
of drought.
Mr. Latham thinks that this is t'">  a
on the great chalk downs of Knglni ���[
Thero is many a delicate lady whose own
hands are busily embroidering the napkin
wherein alio will wrap for burial the talent
God gave her for the service of her kind.���
HOUSEHOLD.
Tired Mothers,
A little elbow leans upon your knee.
Your tired knoo, that has so much to bear,
A rhilil'.H dear eye-, are luokm-floviajjcly
From underneath a thatoh of tangled hair,
reiliaps jou do not heed tho velvet touch
Ot   warm, moist tlnReri,   folding  jours t=0
���     t'ltlit:
1 ou do not prize tin? blessing over much;
You almost are loo tired to pray to-ntgnt-
But it is bles-cdnes-:   A year ago
I did not .-���>��� it as 1 do lo-dav.
We are no dull ami thankless, ami too Blow
To catch the -.uns'i'm.' till it slips away.
And now it seems siirpas-intt s-i range to mo
That while 1 wore the badge of motherhood,
I did not kiss more oft and tenderly
Tholitilo child lhat brought mo n^S good.
And if. some night when you sil down to rest.
You miss this elbow from your tired knee.
Thia tentlesf, curling lit-iut irom orT yourbrcu-st,
This lisping tongue ihntchattcra constantly I
If from your own tho dimpled hands had slipped,
And ne'er would ncstlo in your palm again;
ir the white feet into thc grave had tripped.
I could not blame you for your heartache
then.
I wonder so that niothor-i ever fret
At littio I'hlltlren cliuging at their gown.
Or that tho footprints, when the days aro wet
Ate ever black enough to make them frown
If 1 could find a little muddy hool.
Or cap or jacket ou my chamber door;
If I could kiss a rosy, restless foot,
And hcarit patio in my houso once mors;
If I mend abroken cart to-day.
To-morrow make a kite���to reach the sky���
There Is no woman in God's world could say
Sho won more blissfully content than I,
lut ah! the dainty pillow nextmy own
In nover rumpled uyushmlng head;
Iy singing biraling Irom its nest is flown,
Tho littio boy 1 used to kiss is dead !
The farm Home's Fuel-
A commonplace subject, you say
it is,   ** " ' '   ' ""'
ing a teaspoonful of powdered mace and
cloves. Three pints of vinegar. Store this
cat*up in glass bottles, leaving room in the
neck of each tor a teaspoonful of olive oil,
which will effectually keep oil mould and
prevent fermentation.
Simcls*(iiw.pi -. ��� K-:iiive the seeds from
grapes as you do for preserves. To B pounds
of fruit put 4 p niuiij of sugar, I pint of
vinegar. 'X ublespoonfuls of ground cinnamon aud cloves. Simmer slowly for two
hours on tho back ot the stove. This is au
appetizing sauce pleasing to tho palate.
Any well-flavored grape may be used���Concord, Catawba, and even the wild bird
grape answers well.
UitEEN* Tou ito l'MKi.t:.���xSlicea peck of
green tomatoes, without peeling, and cover
them with salt and water. Let them stand
thus for twenty-four hours. Then drain oil
the salt water, and having prepared aquait
of sliced onions, take a tablespoouful each
of mi.���v, cloves, allspice, and black pepper,
with a quarter of a pound of mustard and
the same of celery seod. Put the tomatoes
and onions into a kettle with vinegar enough
to cover them, into which the spices have
been stirred, and add two pounds of sugar.
Let the whole boil together until the toma-
toea are tender und look clear. Two table-
spoonfuls of horse-radish are deemed au improvement by some persons, but are uot indispensable.
Hot Slaw. ���Chop or slice very tine a firm
white head of cabbage, and sprinkle lightly
with pepper and salt. Meanwhile, mix together in a saucepan a piece of butter tho
Bize of an egg, with half a teacupful of vinegar only moderately strong. Put these over
the fire and heat. Mix together 3 raw
egga, �� email cupful of rich milk���or, better,
cream���aud hall a tcucupful of sugar.    Stir
THE MINK AND HI3 WAYS-
"/$
to provide during .ho year by preparing , ,��. > ,
only an armful al a time? And doeahothlnt l "^S" abl,
tbat green wood is more economical I as 1L, ,��������� .,���������. ���,
long tor a green stick to burn out as it ,��� th��lr aaturinal glory, and press witi.
���   But if this man had tried modw,Wy hotlroaoOTO whloK spermaceti
to heat an oven tetaJltag. h,^Jftn ha, D8BU rubbod.   Thg' ��� �����., tlDt.
and prevents their wrinkling, which they
......   Dat is"it not the commooplico inst-1 these  .lowly into tho boated vinegar,  to
ter. that affect our happiness most, and �������;the cabbage must now  bo added,
��ro of the greater consequence in life? Eat. until it is well .rained. It should be tond.
ing is decidedly  commonplace.   Yet who and  heated through and through,   boi
wiuld gainsay its importance to life.   Tha persons grostly prefer .law prepared thus
mention of eating brings me to my text. To <�� the cold process,
eat we must have food ; to have food we
must have fire, and to havo lire we must havo ^j About Tables-
fuel. .                ,           .,,.
In the maioritv of farm homes wood is |    As wo are always willing to accept ��omo_
the fuol used i and .orry I am to say it, but thing new, especially in liouse-furni.hinK, I
in many of them the housewives have to shall try to give several ways in whleh tablos
burn green wood the year round.   Of all may bo constructed  at a very  small out-
the vexations that attend the housewife's lay.                    .,������..               .
labor, there is nothing to be compared with Proonrj a board, 18x21 is a very nice size,
having to burn such wood.   For ono to re- and nail four round legs to it.   Pad ths top
quire a quick, hot fire in the housework, with  cotton,   and  cover   with   plush   to
and have lo stand over the stovo and poke harmonize with tho room in which it is to
and punch, and punch and poke, until one's b= ""��d.   The  next  step  is  to purchase
nerves ond patience .nd Christianity have twenty.JJve OT thirty  feet of  clothes-line
all gone out of the chimney, I tell you, mon r��P��-   Double a length which reaches from
of the family, it is enough to turn a first- the tsble to the floor, cut and unravel, lake
class angel into a termagant.   Just how a a small wisp,  double it and stitch it to a
man who is the head o! a family can impose narrow strip of cloth, which is long enough
such a burden on his wife and such a clog to  reach around the table,   lake wisp
to   the domestic machinery,   is past all af'er wi.p  until your  strip is full, the,,
understanding.   There  is ju.t one of two taok  around  the  table.   J or  a heading
things-he  is  either unpardonably   lazy, tako rope, tacking it on in diamond design
or  else  he is wholly  uuappreciative   of with brass-headed" taoka.   Throe rows will
his wife and home i and in all justice suoh a . be quite surhcient, and the ends of the ropo
man has no right to have either. ���""> be concealed under t o table.   Trim the
-.                ,., .   ..   , ,    .  ���,     _    ,'ravellBd rope a few inches from the lloor
Doe. a man think that lie has less wood The |cg0 m��y b(J mmi wlth rop��� ��� left ,���
>d.
.ble, which will be a reminder
V      , ,.,,,.    ..    ...    ,,������.1 iof longstrolls and leafy della, snd is a good
once heard onessy. "Why, said he any- imltaSon of inMd wori, U made as follows
body ought to know hat it take, near twice  Q   ,     , J    diffetent
as long for a green stick to hum out as it ._(.���,���,__ JB ���    ��� ��� ���
does a dry one." Hut if tlm man
to heat an oven for baking, he wc
found that it took almost double the amount
of green wood that it did of dry. The dry -,.. ��� d [f^d between leaves of a book',
wood burns readily and makes a quick, hot Th ublJma be ebI or round aml a3
blaze,��nd.in a very short time the oven is | ,      rf f/  round ��fl wiU deal wlth
heated, while ho green wood simraera and it ac(,ordilfgiv, Suin ic black or cherry,
sput era and slow y burna.   Moreover, the A yourloaves in a wreath or two huff.
tireplaco must bo kept full of the green wood **      - <
in order for it to burn at all. Two or three
sticks of dry wood will keep a hot fire, but
a much greater quantity of the green ia required, and the aupply must be kept up
constantly, or the first thing the housewife
knows her fire baa stone out.
I repeat it with all the emphasis of my
pen, that the use of green wood is an unjust
vexation imposed on the home. There is a
great deal of domestic labor that requires
quick, hot fires, and to have to suffer a daily
annoyance iu securing them is a serious
draught on any woman's time and temper.
I once visited at a farm home where year
after year the fuel was prepared on the following plan : A load of green wood was
hauled, and each morning the day's supply
waa chopped. When the Toad was gone the
former would go into the woods and cut
down another load of green trees, some of
them poplars, and thesame routine of chopping each day's supply at a time was gone
through with. The amount of domestic friction caused by that wood was incalculable.
On account of the poor tires the meals would
often he late, and then the farmer would
scold. As to the poor wife, she was fussing
and fretting half the time over the fires. I
did not blame her one bit. What I did blame
her for waa that sho did not go on a " strike"
and refuse to cook a meal until better wood
was provided.
There is a right way and a wrong way to
do everything. The right way to prepare
the farm's fuel 13 very easy and simple.
When the crop is over and the winter's lull
is at hand, the farmer should turn his attention to getting up a year's supply of
wood. When the hauling from the woods
is completed, the wood should then he prepared for the stove, and put in a sunny
place to dry. In this way the homo will bo
supplied with good fuol the year round.
And behold the advantages of such a plan 1
The good fuel will make the house-wife's
work easier; it will serve aa one lubricator
to the rough-going domestic machinery, and
it will bring peace instead of war. To the
farmer himaelf tho advantages are scarcely
less. With a good supply of wood there is no
constant stoppage on his part during the
busy season to prepare fuel. When the
preparation of the wood drags through the
whole year, through planting, haying and
harvesting, a great deal of valuable time ia
lost, which aggregates many dollars in the
end.
Seasonable Beoipes.
Potato Yj-Avr.���Three largo potatoca
boiled in 1 quart of water ; peel, and maah
fine; add 3 tablespoons of sugar. Mix tho
mass into a pint of water in which the potatoca have been boiled. Add a teacup of
good yeast. Put in a stone jar, and in four
hours it will be ready to use. Keep in a
cool place, and make fresh yeast from it in
four days. One teacup of yeast will make
oue pan of finger-rolls and one loaf of bread,
or two loaves of bread.
To Stew Cuickkn,���Skin and out your
chicken into small pieces. Lay them in
warm water for ton minutes, then dry them
with a cloth, and put them in a stewpur
with some milk and water and let them
boil until quite tender. Take 1 pint of
cream, onc-qunrter of a pound of butter,
and stir until thick. Allow to stand until
cool, then add a little salt, a gill of white
wine, a few mushrooms, stir all together.
Talie the pieces from the pan, put away
what they were boiled in, clean the pan,
aud put in the chicken and aauce together.
Keep the pan shaking about till they are
quite hot, and dish them up. You may
add egga it desired.
Tomato Oatsop,���Tako a peck of ripe
sound tomatoes, and, slicing them, put
them into a preserving kettle, aud boil
them half an hour or more. Then proas
and strain the pulp through a hair sieve.
Return the tomato thua reduced to the
same kettle, adding a table'spoonful of salt,
and tlm aame quantity of mace, wh cli must
be powdered, half an ounce of cloves also
powdered, a teaspoonful of black pepper
and hall a teaspoonful ot Cayenne pepper,
H ft-,hlcspnonfuls of ground mustard. Add
1 pint vi i In; lii'Hi vinegar, and a pound and
a half of brown sugar. A quart of onioiii
chopped very tine, and 'J ounces of celery
seed. Boll threo hours, Bottle hot, and
seal up closely.
Coi.n Tomato Catsup.���-Have ready '2
quarts of the strained juice and pulp of to-
matoea fully ripe but sound. Chop fine
4 pepper pods, .{green and 1 rod, after extracting their seeds. Two teacupfuls of
black mustard seed, half a teacupful of celery chopped fine and the same of silver-
ikiu&ed ouions. half a teacupful of salt, add-
wreaths, sticking them tightly to the table
with glue. Purchase a half pint of white
varnish. Varnish jour table, letting it dry.
and continuo to varnish ib until your leaves
are varnished in and your table is quite
smooth,
A pretty one may be made by using
pansiea instead of leaves. The varnish
brings out the colour, and if neatly done la
quite effective. Another can be made by
1 using a cheese-box lid and three broomsticks. Secure the sticks in the middle,
crossing them; wrap with wire and fasten
with screw nails. Fasten the top on with
screws; stain,and when draped with a dainty
scarf, it is charming; used for holding a
card tray or a blooming plant. Tie a bow of
ribbon to hide the wire which fastens the
lega together.
Stilt another suggeats itself to my mind,
not so substantial perhaps, but quite a
novelty, 1 hree broomstloks are used fastened together as just described, and for a
top use three plain palmleaf fans, one for
each rod. Secuie in place with screws,
Decorate with bows of ribbon.
Old stands aud tables that have subserved
their usefulness or those bought at an auction
very cheaply, can be mado to out-rival the
expensive ones in furniture atorea, by sandpapering all roughness off and applying two
coats of white paint, and touching up here
and there with gilt, and then varnishing.
��� ��si aaSWsarr-Hasw
A Bsmi.-kable Tree ���
Crowing near the hatha of Alliaz, in the
Canton of Va&d, Switzerland, almost within a stone's throw of the most popular hotel, 4500 feet above tho level of tho aea,
Btanda the most remarkable tree in the
world. The trunk of this curious tree ia 10
meters, or a little over'10 feet in diameter
at the base. About two yards abovo the
grouud seven off-shoots put ou*-. from the
south side, I'ent and gnarled at their place
ofatarting, these side-trunks aoon straighten
themselves up and rise perpendicularly and
parallel to the main stem. This feature
alone is not, perhaps, unparalleled, but
another most curious tact ia that the two
largest of the side trunks are connected
with the main tree by sub-quadiangular
braces resembling girdern. Those beams
have probably been formed by an anastomosing of brandies, which, although, comparatively common among agosperma, has
never before been reported in a conifer (the
remarkable subject of thia sketch being a
fir). Tho places where the side girders
enter the main trunk are so smoothly barked over as to make it impossible to ascertain the manner in which nature formed tho
remarkable union. How a limb (originally
intended to grow free and bear foliage)
could have been absorbed and converted
into a living girder is a mystery whicl:
uflbrda a new illustration of the power of
nature to adapt itself to any and all circumstances.
Two Imperial Spendthrift!!.
It is not generally known that the Cor-
man Empress, in spite of lift many excellent
qualities, ia very extravagant, aud owes
large ��ums of money to many of the Uerliu
tradesmen, one firm alone having a bill uf
800,000 marks, or ��40,000, against Her
Majesty,   The Empress never wears either
a dtoss, a mantle or a bonnet the second
timo in public, and everything that she
buys ia of tho very best. It ia all tho moro
surprising when it is recollected how extremely simple her surroundings wore before
her marriage to Prince Wilholn. of Prussia,
aud even after her marriage until her husband succeeded to the empire.
The Emperor is also very largely in debt,
in apite ot the handsome present made to
him last spring by the Kmpress Frederick,
who advanced him 1,5500,000 marks. 'Ihe
Emperor has, unfortunately, not the slightest idea of money, and scatter* it right and
eft, to the groat horror of many of his loyal
mbjecls. ^^^^
Hollo, Shanks I Did yer hear .bit
Jimmy Jinkses' dad in dead t' " No. Did
he leave Jimmy anythingV "I dunno,
fcr.'. 5 guess b? didn't leave him nothin' but
a orphan."
When l'hilippa FftWOfltt, the bright English girl who ranked tit, Cambridge "above
the senior wrangler," was six years old, she
wassenttolier grandmother's in the eouutry.
Ouo day, when sho had been playing with
a crying doll as though it wero alive, hor
grandmother said i 'Thilippa, your .loll
give* you a great deal of trouble." "Sh-h-
h.'i j" said the child, "It has been the ob-
J-sot of rrfy life to Keep her from knowing
thut she is a doll I"
ANalurall-il'-iEalerlalnlna Description of
llie Faiiiitlar Animal.
The little fur-hs-arer, wliose��lo��'jraif.A**
painted &rker than it is, sad ttincularly
made his name proverbial for blackness, in
aii odd but not so familiar an acquaintance
ofthe angler and sportsman as he was of
them and of the country boy of two score
years ago.
It was a woeful day for the tribe of the
mink wheu it became the fashion for other
folk to wear his coat, which he could only
doff with the subtler garmout of life.
Throughout the term of hia exaltation to
the favor of fashion, he waa lain in wait
for at his own door aad on his thoroughfares
aud by-paths by the traps, death-falls and
guns of professional and amateur trappers
and hunters till the fate ot his greater
cousin, the otter, seemed to overtake him.
But the tickle empress who raised him to
such perilous estate, changing her mood,
thrust him down almost to his ignoble but
safer rank, just in time to avert tbe impending doom, of extermination. Once
more the places that knew him of old know
him again.
In the March snow you may trace the
long apan of hia parallel footprints where
hot with tho rekindled annual fire of love,
he has sped on his errand wooing, turning
not aside for the moBt tempting bait, halting not far tho rest, hungering only for m
sweetheart, wearied with nothing but lone-
lineaa. Yet weary enough would you be if
you attempted to follow the track of but
one night wandering along the winding
brook, through thc tangle of windfalls and
across the rugged ledges that part stream
from stream. When you go fishing in
the first daya of Summer you may see tho
fruits of this early Springtide wooing in the
dusky brood taking their primer lesson in
the art that their primogenitors were
adepts in before youra learned it. How
proud one baby fisher is ol his first captured minnow, how he gloats over it and defends his prize from his envious and less
fortunate brothers.
When Summer wanes, they will be a
acattered family, each member shifting for
himself. Some still haunt the alder thicket
where they first saw light, whose netted
shadows of bare branches have thickened
about them to continued shade ot leafagu,
in whose mid-day twilight tlio red flame of
tho cardinal flower bnrna as a beacon aet to
guide the dusky wanderer home. Others
have adventured far down the winding
brook to the river, and followed its slowing
current past rapids and cataract to where
it crawla through tho green level of marshes
beloved ot water fowl and of gunners,
whoae wounded victims, escaping them,
fall an easy prey to the lurking mink.
Here too in their aeason are the tendor
ducklings of wood-duck, teal and dusky
duck, aud all the year round, fat musk-
rats, furnishing for the price of conquest ft
banquet that the mink most delights in.
In the wooded border are homes ready
builded for him under the buttressed trunks
of elma or in the hollow bolls of old water
maples and hidden pathways through
fallen trcea and under low green arches of
ferns.
With such a home and auoh bountiful
provision for his larder close at hand, what
more could the heart and stomach of mink
desire '! Yet he may not be satisfied, but
longs for tho wider waters of the lake,
whose translucent depths reveal to him all
who swim beneath him, fry, innumerable,
perch displaying their scales of gold, shiners like silver arrows ahot through the
green water, the leaser baas peering out of
rocky fastnesses, all attainable to thia daring fisher, but uot his great rivals, the
bronze-mailed bass and the mottled pike,
whose jaws are wide enough to engulf even
him.
Here, while you rest on your idle oar or
lounge with useless rod, you may see him
gliding behind the tangled net of cedar
roots or venturing forth from a cranny of
the rocks dowu to the brink and launching himself so silently that you doubt
whether it is not a Hitting shadow till you
e his wake so ailent that yo �� wonder
that ib breaks the reflections lengthening
out behind him.
Of all the swimmers that breathe the free
air none can compare with him in awiftneaa
and in grace that ia the smooth and even
flow of the poetry of motion. Now he dives,
or rather vanishes, from the surface, nor reappears till his wake has almost flickered
out.
His voyage accomplished, he at once seta
forth on exploration of new shores or progress through hie established domain, and
vanishes from Bight before his first; wet
footprints have dried on the warm rock
where he landed.
You are glad to have seen him, thankful
that he Uvea, and you hope that, sparing
your chickens and, your ahara of trout,
partridges and wild ducks, he, too, may bo
spared from tho devices of the trapper to
fill hia appointed place in the worlds wild-
ness.
Bats and Vampires.
At sunset, in the forests uf Guiana, th��
hats also flit from their hiding places, aomo
taking the place of the parrots and flocking
round the fruit trcea, while the horrid vampires wander far and near in search of aome
sleeping animal, or oven man, in order to
obtain a meal. Cows, goats, hogs, fowls, as
well us game birda and quadrupeds, all suffer from their attacks if not secured in well
latticed pens, whilo the traveller must not
be surprised when awaking to find blood
oozing from a wound in hia foot or temple.
In aome places domestic animals cannot be
kept at all, as they are so weakened by repeated attacka as to ultimately die of ex*
haustion. Fortunately, however, the vampires are not very common, and with proper
care may be excluded from dwelling houses
and stockpens.
When tho West Indies were first discovered hoga were put on some of the islands;
these iu timo increased wonderfully, so as
to become vast herds, affording a aupply of
fresh meat tothe mariner sick of theacurvy.
In Guianu, however, these animals never
became common, hut, on tho contrary, required the greatest caro to presorvo them
from the vampires. Domestic animals, like
man, sleep at night, and hero the bats havo
the advantago of them, whilo tlio wild quadrupeds of tho forest range and feed at tho
same time as their sanguinary enemy.
Hence it has followed that peccaries roam
securely and are quite free from tho van.-
Eire.-, while thoir domesticated cousins muat
c housed and caged.
" Life in this country," said the philosopher, "is a heap liko going to the circus.
Soon aa a man gets to tho front all the fellows on the back seats insist on him sitting
down out of tho way,"
During the times of Ceorgo I. and II. tho
edding-ring, though placed upon tho usual
fitiger at the timo of marriage, whs sometimes worn on tho thumb, iu which position
it i often seen ou tho portraits of the (itled
ladlu in those days, It is now absolutely
uoccsRary to usua ring at tho English marriage service. The placing of tho ring on
the book is a remnant of tneanoientoustom
of blessing the ring by sprinkling holy water
in the form of across. Thia isatill done by
the Uo i an Catholic priest. Tho Puritans
attempted tlir abolition of tho ring. Tho
Quakers don't use a ring at the service because of its heathenish origin - but many
weir them afterwards. Tho Swiss Protestants do not use a ring cither at the service
or afterwards.
Webster Srneraede,1
��**&," BliuuuP, "T3hai> fc*# 'reigp ��f
terror':'"
"The tain of terror," replied RUg-vna, "is
tho shower that comes up when your wife
has. her best bonnet on,"
Little Dick���-" I think ita too moan for
anything. I had to Btay in school all day
long una Johnny Jimaon got off at'levon
o'clock." Mother���" That's strange. Why
was ho allowed to go so early !" Little Dick
1 Some o' his folks ia dyin." -      	
TI
wm m.
p
shed  By  M  Whitney &
i.   Every Thursday,
Courtenay R. C.
'4
isoFsiri.soaii*noiN.
11*11
IN   ADVANCE.
.      ��s
IT  ���     '
THE WEEKLY NEWS, DFX 15. 1892
fltS'O'F ADVERTISING:
,or jtw! ......
lu m-.li   ....
o! ��� poc yivir
. $ 1? 01
*>,
,:'<
_,*
ice*, pur lino     0 20
.1   m"  Hinh5,   Marriages   and
50 cents each insertion.
Iveriisment inserted for less than
���nrstlaj. DEu.io, 1882_
Cheap Living
"��� is a wide bi'M'ml bflitf that
l'b ftli'-re (me onn live cli*-aply
l*    vi-ry tli-siraldrf,  nnd in 11  ������ixjd
0 umigrntc  to.    It -������������������* to b'-
-'i I hot in htiuli a place un1* rati
ivl-u* cni-er, und tha the t-tru^-
whieli �������* arc all t��ul��j''t'''t'(l in Ih'*
t life in such a plavn U less  gsv.
Vloiitr with this i-l'-u is   another,
iat labor la a curse, und that we
ttvuid it f-s   fur  us   possible.
��� think tli.it bvili idt-us are rati-
run-.'. As tu cli-a*) liviii"/, it is
ib^edJyirui* that wht-n the prlcr-s
lie iiec'easai'ir'B uf lift* are lo", that
nay   perliapa  ci i^t   mor** etinily
in a aeottoh wtere living is dear
t is 'he universal rule that there is
money where living is cheap and
*"    dijniaivl for labor 01  if su< Ii a deli   I exist'*!, its renunieraiinn is pnor.
1   can exist th'-ic, but .'xiatniice.prn-
ionsidered Ipiio'living.    On th-
��� hutitl labor is neeeBSary 10 health
lappiiieas. The i-lle are not only
able but among lhe.111 ar<* alii be found the vie1 Ut cVs      ��nt
ts make a seriou. mistake by r��-
���ig to a section whnfe they can
cheap y, and when. th<- laud is read
��� the plough. The thousands who
1 tin- Northwest nn-'uully would be
li better off wern ihey settled in
ish Columbia. Those who htive
ourapetoenniehei'e, "im. 1 vin-j dear
they al-o bud wages high, and work
ty, M��cli of tbe Und needs to be
ed of thc virgin forest, but a little
I suffices to raise a large crop, which
Sways sure, and always brings a first
s  price,    In no pan of this conti-
" do^s firming pay so we 1 as iu this
���'iitce, and those who have been es
ifil ed n few year*: on  their  places,
as a itile, well fixed.    And this is
on y true of furim-re living nearthe.
���si cities which furnish the  largest
lots, but, also true of the back uoun
l'erh'ips there is no section where
ng is dearer, and wages better than
s, no section where tbe ma'ket is so
,h ond the farmers arc doing so well,
e people are prosperous here,   and
;re is'plenty of room for men of  in
(try,    We btve no room ho*ever for
: wealthy    dude, cr   the  man   who
iUld escape labor.    Whoever wants a
Utitry whore   he can exist with little
lor, a country where living is cheap,
I ef-t'-rprise a stranger, should jjo to
me southern climate.    He  would nt
cceed here, and would only bean en
imiirati'.-e.
Our very conditions are inviting to
en of energy and ambition. A knowl
g�� of our advatitagOH will in time
tub enough of this class, to give u��
an.jjU population ofthe very beat
id. This U better tlun to have our
.tutiful andfirtile valley settled with
horde of idlers.
Sanitary   Regulations.
|L. 5.1      HUGH KELSON.
V
A.Pi.SmithV,    )W��?EAS
Deputy .ut-irney-vi.-nW.. J ,l 's #ad*
vtsable .in view of threatened invasion
nf infectioni and confjujious disease, to
���Hike better provisionfo\the due observance of sanitary laws:    \
Therefore, Hia Honour rtie Lieutenant
Governor, has by and with the advice of
bis Executive Council, been pleased under ami by virtue of the "HeVlih Act*
I'l.'K," to make the following Rules and
Regulations; antl to order, and it is\h''rc-
by ordered and declared, as folloWw���
1, Thc Rules and Re (filiations hereinafter coutained shall b* in force, except
in City Municipalities and as hereinafter^
provided, in all part of British Columbia
audit shall be the duty of the Hoard of
Health in any Health District already
created or to be created and of every
Government Agent now and hereafter to
be appointed, within the district of which
he shall be in charge for the time being
and ofthe Superintendent or Sergeant of
Provincial Police in those portions of thc
Province not in charge of any such Hoard
ot Health or Agent, to enforce and cause
io he enforced the said Rules and Regulations, antl every such Board of Health
and Atfcnt and the Surpertcndant shall
have power, whenever and as often as
necessary, to call upon any person ��o assist in the enforcement of same. And the
powers and duties conferredon and assign
c.i to Goverment Agents in the said Rules
and Regulations shall be deemed to be,
mutatis mutandis, confered on and assign
ed 10 Councils of Muncipilalities, Hoards
of Health for Health Districts, and the
Superintendent or Sargent of Police, as
the case may be, and the expressions 'Gov
eminent Agent and "Agent," wherever
thev occur in the Rules and Regulations
shall include the Hoard of Health for
Health District, tbe Council ofa Mun
icipality, and the Supertendant or Sar-
geant of Provincial Police, a�� the cas-
may require.
2. The said Rules and Regulations
shall also be in force in every District
and Township Municipality as a by-law
' c.if, and as if enacted by the Council
���ij   'ie Municipality, except in so far as
\ty skull hereafter be amended, altered.
1 repealed by the Council, and until the
ouncil shall make provisoti for their en
"tmi.cnt thvy shall be enforced by the
ieif run -.table -of the Municipality,
3. The following are the Rules and
U-gulatious refered to:--
,1). No person shall suffer the accum-
. atmn     pon his premises, or deposit,   or
i-Tiiiit the depoz.it, upon any land belong i
ig to h'un or under bis control of any I
inny so as to endanger ihe public health
r shad deposit, or suffered or permit
��� > be depos'ited in, upon, on or into,
oiv street, square, lane, by-way, wharf,
lock, slip, lake, pond, bank, harbor, river
itream'or water, any-manur or other re-
use,.-or vegetable'or annua matter, or
tilth of any kind.
��� 2\ It shall be tha duty ofthe Govern
r 1 ni Agent to keep a VlgltaAt supervision
r i'1 ��ir-*e*s hmes, liv-wr*',' lots, or picm
ises upon whicli any such accumulation as a
lure;-mu ui-i) oe it.i.i.0, and at once to
notify the patties who own 11 occupy such
-���ts nf premises, or who either personally
or through their employees,'* have deposited such manure, refuse, matter, dirt or
'ilth, in any street, lane, or by-way. or
who permit or suffer llie accumulation
thereof, to cleanse ihe same and to remove what is found thereon, and such
parties shall forthwith remove the same'
and if the same be not removed within
ttwentyfonr hours after such notification
the Agent may cause the paJties so offend
iiij- to be prosecuted, and he may cause
tne same to be removed at the expense of
i'ic person or persons so offending, He
may, personally or by deputy,a!so inspect
at iniorvnls ull premises occupied by per-
sons residing within his jurisdiction.
(3( Whenever the Agent sh til leceive
a notice siynec by one or more inhabitant
householders of bis riislriet, statiuu, the
condition ofnny building in Ins district
lu 1 e so filthy ns in 1 c dangerous to lite
public health, orthat upon any premises
m his district there isunytoul or offensive
ditch, gutter, drain, privy, cesspool, ashpit orccllor kept or constructed so as to
be dangerous or injurious to tbe public
health, or tha' upon any such premises
an accumulation of dung, manure, offal,
filth, refuse, stagnant water or other mat
ter or thing is k-.pt so as lo be dangerous
or injurious as aforesaid, it shall be the
duty of tbe Agent, person;.ly or by deputy
to enter such building or premises for the
purpose of examining the same, and if nee
essary he shsll order the removal of such
matter or things ns aforesaid, Ifthe occupant or proprietor, or bis lawful agent or
representative having charge or control of
such premises, after having twenty-four
hours nol-ce from any such Agent or dep
tttylo remove or abate such matter or
thing as aforesaid, shall neglect or refuse
to remove or abate tbe same he shall be
subject to the penalties imposed under
Rule 26 of liicsc Rules. The Agent shall
alio have power to abate or cause to be
abated summarily, and by force if necessary, any nuisance likely tube injurious to
the public health.
(4) If the Agent Is satisfied upon due
examination by himself or depuiv lhat a
cellar, room, tenement or building with
in his jurisdiction, occupied as a dwelling
place, has become by reason of thc num
ber of occupants, want of cleanliness, tbe
existence therein ofa contagious or in fee
tious disease or other cause unlit for such
purpose or that it has become a nuisance
or in an}- way dangerous to thc health of
the occupants or of the public, he may is
sue a notice iu writing to such nccupa its
or any of them, requiring the said preni
ises to be put in proper sanitary condit-
iou, or if he sees tit, requiring the occupants to quit the premises within such
time as he may deem reasonable, Ifthe
persons so notified, or .my of them, neglect or refuse to comply with the terms of
the notice, every person so offending
shall be liable tothe penalties by Rule26
of these Rules, and lie may cause the pre
miscs to be properlv cleansed at the expense of the owners or occupants, or may
remove the- occupants forcibly aud close
up the premises, and the same shall not
again be occupied as a dwelling place un
till put in proper sanitary condition; or
the Agent, if he sees fit, may cause -such
premises to be distroyed, with the consent
of two Justices ot the Peace.
(;) No proprietor or tenant of any shop
house or outhouse shall, nor any butcher
or other person, use any such house, shop
or out house at any time as a slaughter
house, or for thc purpose of slaughtering
any animals therein, unless such shop,
house or nuthoire be distant not less than
two hundred yards from any dwelling
house, and distant not less than seventy
yards from any public street,
(6) All slaughter - houses shall be
subject to regular inspection under the
direction      of     tbe    Agent,    and    no
person shall keep any slaughter house
unless the permission in willing of the
Agent, for the keeping of such slaughterhouse has been first obtained, and remains
unrevoked Such permission shall be
granted, after approval of such premises
upon inspecttonsubject to the condition
that the said houses shall be so kept as
not to impair thc health of persons residing in their vicinity, and upon such condition being broken the said permisson
may be revoked by the Agent; and all animals to be slaughtered, and all fresh
meat exposed for sale, shall be subject to
like inspection.
(7) No person shall offer for sale as
food any diseased animal'or any men,
���fish, fruit, vegetables, milk, or other articles of food which, by leason ol disease,
adulteration or impurity, or and other
caanse shall be unfit for use
(8) All wells which are in use, wheth
er such wells arc public or private, shall
be cleaned out on or before the 15th days
of March and October in each year, and
in case the Agent certifies thru any well
should be filled up, such well shall be
forthwith filled up by the owner of the
premises.
'9) No privy-vault, cesspool, nr reservoir, into which a privy, water-closet, stable, or sink is drained, shall be established until the details of such establishment
shall have been submitted to and obtained the approval ,11 writing ofa duly qualified  medical practitioner.
flo) Karth privies or earth closets
without a vault below the surface ofthe
ground do not come within Rule 9, but
sufficient dry earth, wood ashes or coal
ashes to absorb ail the thud parts of the
deposit must be thrown upon the contents
of such earth pri'ves and closests daily;
the contents when removed from the closet
must be placed in a shed or box with rain
proof cover, and removed from the premises at least twice a year, on or before the
15th days of March and October.
(11) Ifthe exigencies or circumstances
require that privy-vaults, cesspools, or reservoirs shall be allowed in accordance
with Rule o, thev shall be cleaned nut at
least once a year, on or before the I ;tb day
of March,",indfrom the 15th day of March
tothe isi day of November in each year
they sb.dl be thoroughly disinfected by
adding to thc contents ofthe vault, cesspool, or reservoir, once a month, not less
than two pounds of sulphate of copper dis
solved in two pailfuls of water, or other
suitable disinfectant!
(12) No night-soil or contents of any
cesspool shall be removed unless deodorized as above, andtluringits transportation thc material shall be covered with a
layer of fresh earth, except the removal
shall have been by some "Odorless Y.xca
vating Process."
(13) All putrid and decaying annual or
vegetable matter m 1st he removed From
all cellar-, buildings and outbuildings, at
least once n month, between the 15M1 days
of March and November in each year.
(14) Every householder and every hoi
tel and restaurant beeper or other person
shall dispose of all garbage, for llie, disposal of which he is responsible, either by
burning the same or by placing it in it
proper,.covered receptacle for s.*ill.and
house offal, ihc contents of which shall,
between the 15th day of March and the
1st day day ot Noveincer, be regularly re
moved as often as twice a week. ,
(Ij) Between the 151I1 day of March
and tiie 1st day of November, no hog shall
be kept except in pens seventy feet from
any house', with floors kept free from
standing water, regularly'cleansed and
disinfected.
{16) The keeper of every livery or oth
cr stable thai I keep his stable and stable
yard clean, and shall not permit, between
the 15P* day of March and thc 1st dav of
November, more than two waggon loads
of manure to accumulate in or near the
same at any time.
(17) No house shall be built in or upon any sue, the soil of which is made up
of any refuse, unless such shall have been
removed from such site, and the site dis
infected, or unless the said soil shall have
been covered with a layer of charcoal,
covered by a layer of 'concrete at least
six inches thick and of such additional
thickness ns maybe requisite under the
circumstances to prevent thc escape of
gase-j into such proposed house,
(|8) No pipe carrying ,iir or gas from
any drain or soil-pipe shall be connected
with any chimney Itl a dwelling house, un
less the same be a furnace chimney used
exclusively for the purpose of ventilating
such soil-pipo oriiraii),
(10) Every bouse drain shall be constructed n| vitri ed earthen ware or iron
pipe; and every soil and waste-pipe of iron
pipe rendered impervious to gas or liquids
tbe joints thereof being run with lead and
caulked, or of lead pipe weighing at least
six pounds tn die square foot; and the
waste pipe from every closet, sink, tub,
wash-bason, safe or other service shall
have, as near as maybe, to tbe point of
junction with the service a tinp so constructed, vented and furnished that this
shall at no time allow of the passage of
gas into such bouse. All joints shall be
so constructed as to prevent gas escaping
through them.
(20) The ennstruc'inn of any closet or
other convenience which shall allow of
the escape into the house of air or gas
which has been confinatl in any part ofit,
or from the drain or soil-pipe, is hereby
prohibited.
(21) No pipe supplying water dlrectlv
to n'closet or urinal shall be connected with
the pipe supplying water for drinking
purposes,
(22) Thc Agent, shall provide each
medical pmciinner practising within Ids
District, blank forms on which to report
to the said.Agent any case of dipiheiia,
measles, whooping cough, or any other
disease dangerous to the public health:
and also. wttli blank forms nn which to re
port death 01* recovery from any such
disease.
(23 The Agent within six hours after
he shall have received a notice ofthe ex-
istnnce of scarlet fever, [lipthcria, smallpox, cholera or whooping cough, in any
house, shall affix or cause to be affixed by
the head of the hotistbo'd or b; some
other person near the entrance of such
house, ac.trd at least nine inches wide
and     twelve    inches    long,     stating
that such disease exists in said
1.nn��c, nnd stating tie pcn'iljjy f< r
removal nfsuch card without permission
of ihe Age-1.
{24") No person shall remove such card
without the permission of the Agent.
(25) No animal aiTcctcdwisli an infectious or contagious disease shall be
brought or kept within British Columbia.
(26; Any person who violates, by act
either of omision orcnmmisiim, any prov
isions in the foregoing Rules and Regula
tions contained, or any order or direction
of the Agent, shall be liable tor every sreb
offence to a penally not exceeding Sine,
In the dccretion of the convicting Justice
or Magistrate, besides costs, which may
also be iniiicted il'llie convicting Justice
or Magistrate sees tit to itipnsc the same.
Every such penalty may be recovered by
any person before nnv justice ofthe Peace
or a Stipendiary Magistrate having territorial jurisdiction, aud shall be levied by
distress and sale of the goods and chattels
of ihe offender, with the cost of such distress and sale, by warrant under the band
and seal of tbe justice, or ofthe Stipendiary Magistrate, before whom the same
are recoverable, or under the band and
seal of any other Justice having territorial jurisdiction, and In default of sulficicn
distress the said Justice or Magistrate
may commit the offender to the nearest
common gaol or lockup for any term not
exceeding three months, with or without
hard labor, unless the anotinl imposed.be
sooner paid.
4. These Rules and Regulations may
be cited as the "Sanitary Regulations.
1892."
uatcd at Victoria, this the 17th day of
September, A. I). 189--
Hy Command.
JAMES BAKER,
Provincial Secrotsry.
The
Weekly
News
Has -
Made arrangements whereby it is en
abled to take contracts
for all kinds of
Job Wort
THIS TELLS THE TALE.
We buy }n thc right markets and sell everything
at very clusc prices. l'rices that can't be eqtiall
ed for aame'ciiiss of goods elsewhere in. the JJro
vince. We have no old stuff, our stock is
:_,_    always fresh and well assorted.        ,
There.is. hardly anything iu thc.Dry Goods line that we cannot
sajjplsi.   lust*now we are haying big saltw-in -Jackets,  Water
proofs .Dress" Goods and Trimmings . - -���    ,  "       ..' ������_*:.���:
Every  time you buy $3.00 worth you get criahce for
Ml TillP/TO Wf WORD'S FAIR.
Letter orders   receive   prompt attention.
sloan &,s>:6tt ���
Commercial Street      ���      Nanaimo B. C,
I Make It a Point 5 Know
THE GOODS I MM
For the lust thirty years having handled Silver Wire, m an u fuel tired by the
Celebrated linn-* of Ulwl and Httrion ���Uotlgi-ru HJ47 -and Meriden UriUllllU-
l know tl.<>,�� to IM A i,   ^T^. In JWi'lry, Clocks, Wntehes, nnd Speuuicli-1*,
I Show tjle Largest Stink ilfllu'city, AT*HAM)  TIMKS   PRICES.
Speeid ufi iiti. ii j-ivi-t; to rcptii iny in AIX Br* .when of the Tntd'\
K3L Orders by mail will liavj prompt attention. ,4��J
M. E. Counter,
Crescent Jewelrv Store,        Nanaimo B, C.
~ Vancouver Furniture Warehouse,
Eatablishuil 1873-
BASTION,   WHARF   AND   FRONT   STREETS
JOHN HILBERT.
MANUFACTURER AND DIRECT IMPORTER
���        Also Dottier in        	
CARPETS IJEDDING AND WALL PAPER,
GENERAL HOUSE FURNISHING G001XS,
AGENT WHITE SEWING MACHINES. UNDERTAKER.
Tctfiphono 30. N A N A I M O    B.   C. ?��� 0. Box Id.
Nanaimo Cigar Factory.
Philip Gable, Proprietor.
anton Street ��� Nanaimo B. 0-
B
Manufactures   the   finest   cigares,
employing none but white labor.
Why purchase inferior foreign cigars,
when you can obtain a SUPERIOR AitTl-
CI.E for the same money?
fiaper Rapor & Oo.
Booksellers,     Btatiouora,
General   News   Aif-mtu.
Nanaimo. B. C.
Nanaimo Machine Works
OF
Mart J, Weaborn*
Fraser Street
Near Bastion Street Bridge
Nanaimo' B. C.
Alt Kinds of Machinery made to order
and repaired.
Fruit Trees
Mainland Nursery *
*       Ladners Landing B. C.
A large supply of three and four year old
APPLE "EREES
Also Pears Plumes, Prunes, and Peaches
Ornamental trees for lawns and grass
plots.   Small fruits,   shrubs   aud evergreens of every variety.
IA Gilcnrist
The Nanaimo Pharmacy
Nanaimo B. 0.
W. E. Mc Cnrtncy Chemist,
Manager.
Pun' l)ruj��a C">inlui~-lB and  Pattmt
Medicines.
lliy'lc-uin    1'rs-n.i-itiunB aid h1. orders flll-il
wilh cu�� mid d h-hUi-Il 1', O. box VI
Geo. Bevilockway,
-*��    Red House    -*-
Commercial St.     ���=   Nanaimo. B. 0.
Dealer in General Merchandise.
Highest cash Price Paid for Furs.Hides,
and Country Produce.
Ralph Craig's
t Nanaimo Steam 1
CARRAGE WORKS.
Daston St. Bridge, Nanaimo, 11. C.
General Black smith ing, Horseshoeing
Carriage Building, etc.
Wagons and farming Implements
made aud repaired. Miners' Auger Drilling Machines made to order   on short
COURTENAY, B.C.
Agent for Comox District.
J. G. Melvin
Experienced Watchmaker
Manufacturing Jeweler
And Diamond Setter.
Work done for the trade.
Repairing a specialty
A trial solicited
Orders by mail
Box 598, No 208 Abbot St. Vancouver.
r.* ii.j-i-ar'.Ti-gr'���TsrT-
Eureka  Bottling Works,
LOUIS LAWRENCE, PRO?BIETOR,
���       UANUFACTUKKR OF
SODA   WATER,   LEMONADE,   GINGER   ALE,
Sarsabaralla and Champagne Cider, Iron Phosphates, Syrups.
Iloltler of Different Brands of Layer Heer Steam Ueer and l'orter.
Agent for Union llrewery Company.
Nanaimo and Courtenay B.  C.
mil iHt!
A THOUSAND DOLLAR FARM
ON TERMS
The place contains 160 acres, and is located a few
miles from Courtenay, has about
25 ACRES OLBAE/BD
and 15 acres are suitable for the plough
f3T   This farm must be sold
Apply to
J. McPhee,
***->��� ;^.
I h.ive somi'. splenikd lots
f.ir sale, both business .n.\l re
stdentiaL
Now is the lime to buy to
ariv 'tiitage before tic Canada
Westain Railway niches here.
With the advent of the railway, in addition to the other
conceded advantages of the
place, prices must rule very
high,
This town is located in the
midst ofthe largestagricultiiral
settlement on Vancouver Island. It is within six miles of
UnioiE Mines affording the farmers of die valley tSse very
best home market, and is situated on die only highway
leading 1'roro the settlement to
the mines. The lumber interests of this section are most ex
tensive, and are an important
factor in o��r progress.
The per cent of improvements of this town during the
present year is greater than
any other place the Coast
can boast of, and the march of
improvement is  still onward.
The prosperity of the town
has for its foundations, therefore large mineral, agricultural,
and timber recources. It may
also be added that no section
furnishes a better field for the
sportsman. Fish and game
are always abundant and our
hotels of the best.
For particulars  address.
Joseph McPhee
Courtenay B.C.
Wm. Cheney
[  Office at the bridge ]
COU'RTE'JtfA.-Z"  B.C.
Real Estate Agent and Auctioneer.
Lots sold on easy terms.
SETTLERS SATISFACTORILY LOCATES ON PUBLIC LANDS.
Comox Saw Mills.
Rough and Dressed Lumber
White Pine always in stock.
All orders executed promptly.
UrauhartBros. Proprs. Comox B.0,

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