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The Weekly News Jan 14, 1896

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NO. 166.   UNION, COMOX DISTRICT, B. C, TUESDAY, JAN. 14, 1896.    $2.00 PER YEAR
Has just received a large consignment of
Staple Dry Goods, Imported Direct from
Stewart &  McDonald's,   Glasgow.
These goods are of the Latest Styles and P , i
and being of the Best Manufacture,
are Warrented to give Satisfaction.
The General Grocery  business will be
conducted as usual at ROCK BOTTOM
figures and every effort will be made by
the undersigned to cater to the requirements
of his numerous customers.
Fall   Neckwear
in all the Latest Styles
Fall   Shirts
in Endless Variety
Fall   Suiting
1     ��� in all the  Newest  Styles
Tailors and Gents Furnishers
Partriip k falter
To the residents of Union, Courtenay
and Comnx District:���We wish lo announce that we have just opened out
���witb a choice stock of Groceries, Provisions, Flnur nnd Feed. We intend
carryin-* only thc mnst reliable and Jicst
brands of goods, such as are bound to
give satisfaction to those woo favor us
���ith their patronage.
Several years experience in British
Columbia, enables us to select the best
markets for our buying andt;' quote you
the verv lowest CASH prices. To be
convinced call and see us. Nolo thc
address���Next lloor lo the I'ostoflke,
Dunsmuir Avenue, Union.
Partridge & Wader
Union, C. C, Dec. 17'h,1095.
Dear Sir:���I take the liberty to
inform you that I am prepared in my
studio tn do first class work. As a
rule most people h.tvc photographs
mnde during thc Holidays to ex-
exchange with their friend**, and to
send to their former homes and these
ure appreciated above all other
I wish to say as an inducement,
that this TICKET if cut out and
presented tn me within the next 30
��� days ii'.* anyone, will be received as
ONE    DOLLAR towards payment
��� of one dozen-Cabinet  I'hotos, the
j     regular price of which is $4.00,     ln
other words this ticket and $.j will
Notice to Taxpayers
Aneeament Act and Provincial
Revenue Tax.
accordance wtth the Statutes, that Provincial Revenue Tax and all Taxes levied
ander the Assessment Act are now due
far tht year 1896. All of the above
named Taxes collectible within the Corn-
fix, Nelson, Newcastle and Herman and
Hornby Islands, Divisions of the District
ef Comox, are payable at my office.
Assessed Taxes are collectible at the
following rates, vi*:.:���
31th, 1896-Provincial Revenue, $*, per
One-half of one per cent, oa Real
Two per cent, on Wild Land.
One-third of one per cent, on Personal
One-half of on* per cent, on Income.
u���Two thirds of one per cant, on Real
Two and one-half per cent, on Wild
One-half of one percent, on Personal
Three-fourths of one per cent, oa
Assessor and Collector.
Jteoarv tnd, 1896.
Fo�� *",S!ll-*- Three nice,warm room*.
ttevtHtofeX. P. Edwards
secure ynu within the period named,
One Dozen of our Fine Cabinet
Don't miss this opportunity antl
remember this Ticket or Notice only
holds gocd for 30 days.
Respectfully yours,
Goal Mines Replata Act
Examination tor Colliery Managers
Cerc.ltlcates of Competency
Notice is hereby given lhat an examination (or Managers Certificates of Competency under the above named Act will
be held at Nanaimo, on or about the 2nd
Thursday of April, 1896. Candidates
intending to ptescnt themselves at such
examination must, on or before the 1st
day of April. 1896, notily such intention
to the Chairman ofthe Board Irom whom
all information as to particulars can be
Applicants for examination must not
be less than 23 years of age and must
have had at least two years experience
underground in a coal mine (or mines).
Along wilh the application they are to
send a certificate of service from their
present or previous employer.
TAKE NOTICE that there will also
be an examination held at Union in
August month, 1896. This examination
is for the same object as the one above
referred to which is tobe held in Nanaimo.   For particulars npplv to
Chairman of the Board, Nanaimo.
Nanamio, January 9th, 1896.
Onc mile and a harlf from Union: con-
lains 160 acres and will be disposed of at
a low figure.   Enquire of
James Abrams.
To the Editor���Having been much
interested in the letters recently appear*
in-> in your valuable issue may I be
allowed with great diffidence, to express
from a man's point of view some ideas
upon "Woman's Rights."
There is no dcubt that woman in the
past has had much more than her share
of wrongs and the dawning ol ber bright*
er d,ty has been long delayed, but now
she has come to the front in so many-
ways and so thoroughly that men have
been shorn of laurels in paths that hitherto they had made injectable to woman,
indeed onlj to be trodden by few of the
choicer spirits of their own, as thry
imagined, more highly endowed sex, as
witness the great triumphs of women in
the higher branches of learning since the
public colleges have been induced to
open their door, for their adntitttnee.
We h.-'ve been in different parts of the
world but certainly have never seen elsewhere woman to the front so much as
here. In ordinary matters of everyday
life, we have seen the accredited representative ef one of the foremost nations
of the earth, humbly pushing along a
baby buggy whilst his better naif inspected at her leisure the newest fashions
displayed in the attractive windows of the
different stores as they passed along, and
an Indian has been seen carrying tbe
baby quite lovingly along the street, to
say nothing of such minor matters as the
husband rising early enough to prepaie
the breakfast, Batlnng tiie children and
of course blacking the family boots are
looked upon as a regular part of his daily
duties, so making it a paradise for wives.
We would ask is this responsible for
the crowded state ofthe Bachelor Market
When making enquiry of some of them
why there should be so many unmarried
gentlemen, they have shrugged their
shoulders and declared much as they
would prefer to be married men lhey
couid net afford either the time or the
money to keep a wife and do most of the
household work, or provide a Chinaman,
However this may be, the fact remains,
tiiat the bachelors are very numerous
although surrounded by plenty of un
appropriated blessings; thus proving
there is something radically wrong somewhere as we are told on the highest
authority "that it is not good for man to
be alone.*'
But to return to woman's rights. We
thoroughly agree with the Quaker belief
"that what is right and lawful for man to
do is equally so for a woman," and no
doubt she is quite as capable of doing it,
given the same educational advantages,
etc.; indeed mare so; and we advocate
strongly earning the Quaker principle
into our church organizations, electing a
fair proportion of women as managers
antl elders, etc., feeling sure the result
would prove surf ristngly satisfactory, finis not a great deal of that successful
work of that most successful and wonderful organization of these days, the Salvation Army, due to HUR prominent
share in it?
Where couid woman's quick wit,
courage and usefulness be more appropriately applied? Docs she not owe her
elevation and proper position to Christianity* Is it not the great lever that has
raised her from degradation and servitude to her true dignity as equal helpmate
of man! Apart from Christianity she is
the slave ano invariably has to perforin the
menial ar.d hard woik of life, to minister
to the comfort and laziness of her lord
and master, fm undoubiedly men arc-
naturally lazier than women. We think
there is no doubt that women do the
largest half of the work of the world,
When will the eight hours be legitimate
as a woman's working day? At present
a woman never knows when her day's
work is done. It is said that women age
more quickly than men; nor is it to be
wondered nt when in addition to her
work, are added the care of the children;
also in hard times and sicklies ,101 only
all the extra worry but having to make
one dollar go as far as two are legitimately intended; then tlie later hours of tlte
evening are generally filled up by darning
Mary's dress or Johnnie's stockings,
whilst thc husband, sits cosy in the
rocker, smoking his pipe and reading the
Weekly Nkws.
New Zealand has set us a lesson bv
enfranchising ils women and they have
already proven themselves sound on
education antl the temperance question.
It is difficult to see why she should not
have a vote, if not a seat in the Legislative Assemblies of her country, for she
is never considered unworthy of paying
taxes if she have anything thev can be
charged upon, and there are many
matters pertaining to her sex with which
she has more sympathy and understands
better than a man.
In conclusion, we wish her God speed
in attaining her proper position in the
world so long as she retains her womanliness of thought and feeling which is
ever lier richest crown, but for those,
happily few foolish ones of her sex who
go in for thc coarser ideas, cither of
thought or dress, parading them as
woman's lights, wc have no sympaihy.
,   Unci.k Isaac.
-  - Xmas
We have now in a large ancl assorted
stock of Xmas groceries.
Is well stocked with fresh meats, turkeys,
geese, ducks, chickens, fruit and vegetables.
|cphee & Ifoore
Mr. Editor���It has amused me
more than a little 10 read the letters on
the woman question in The NliWS and
especially with respect to your correspondent Cupid.
This little rascal has long since troub
led unwary maidens, and in the bloom
and beauty of their youth, filled ihem
with the sighs and longings of love.
Cupid, how dare you put on tliis warlike attitude of your sire, and forget that
your mother was the goddess of love?
Why do you find such impish delight in
wounding the heart of maid and matron?
Can you forget that she who is entrusted
with human infancy, plays no second
part among worlds and men? That the
remembrance of a mother's love is the
truest grandeur of perfect minhood?
Who first touched your dimpled chin to
tempt an answering smile to tendeicst
love bestowed, and who made answer
with the first sweet smile on earth?
Shame on you, Cupid! that you sliould
thus compare the hard, stern brain of
men, with one whose office is and has
been, greater than the contrivance ' of
inventions! How little has she ever
loved of man's disastrous suife in banle?
And how faithful has she been in binding
up the broken heart and lle.-h?
The purest and best character tlie
w-orld has known for many centuries is
Florence Nightingale, the angel of mercy
to the conflicting nations. Can any
mechanic���and especially those schooled
in the art of war���be compared with her,
or any of her red cross sister-,, as a po.ier
lo promote peace on earth? And why,
Cupid, do you and your kind remain
silent about whal the goud woman dues
in the world?
Not with the blare of war clarions and
the infernal din of cannon, that demonlike, glory in the murder ol those weaker
and at the disadvantage, but tike the
silent sunsh-ne garnishing with silver the
dewy bosom of lhe opening rose, revealing the richest beauties and fragrance of
human life, does .voman from home, her
heavenly throne on earth, mould the
mind and destinies of men, and curb
the vile aesiructiveness of hcil, and
make the angels smile.
_  Venus.
On thn "tii, ilia ateamer Unquitla-n, left
with 89 -.'ma ot cud fur Otowild & Pet-ser,
The Rolwrt Ker. left or, the 8 h. with
1,001 tona ut coal for the CPU  Vai.unuv, r.
On tne 'J**i, tug T,-i*i < aud ac.,- , left -nth
400 tons lor thu U   P. R., V.inui��V*l'.
Ou the I0.h .he Citv of I'm bia lift witb
900 tuna if cnal tor San F,aueMim
Oa the l-'r.h, the Hteam hi|> r*m-*reaao,
Ielt fm P.-rl L 1.1 Alull'lea, with 2,700 tnni
of coil tor Southern Pan.tie,   at   P. rt   Lis
Ai g. l''8.
O i tha U'.h, the ntoatnahip Muc'-inaw,
lelr. fui 8*u Frsnitiaon, with 8,700 tout of
C"nl for the Southern P.uifie.
Tbe Riohnrd III. ana Mineola, are due.
Comox is to he  foriificd   in   view  of i
President Cleveland's belligerent message |
io Congress, spreading out ihe principles i
uf (lie Monroe doctrine so   as   to   cover
lhe entire  American  continent.     Wc '���
understand lhat the first piece of artillery i
to be used in the defence of Comnx har*  j
bor, in case of war wilh Uncle Sam,  is !
already in the hands  of a   well known :
livery man at thc Bay,   It was sent up as I
we  are   informed   from   the   K. M. A.
barracks at Mitcaulav's Point.    One   of I
the shells   of the   Monroe   deficr   was
dropped   accidentally   near   the   Lome '
hotel, and the united efforts of two able
bodied men were required to transport it
to the proprietor's barn.
On Friday, January 3rd, J. Bruce, D.
D. Ct. M��� installed thc following officers
of Union Kodge, No. II. I. O. 0. K:
W. Cessford, N. O.; A. I'riichard, V.
C; A. Lindsay, Secretary; R. Cessford,
Treasurer; Jno. Ead, W.j U. Kvans, C;
C, Whiic, R. S. ..IN (*. ; J. Oidtl'ti ���,,
L. S. of N. fi.; 1). R. McDonald, I. G.      j
At the residence of Wm. Birmingham,
Esq., theie was a quiet wedding on
Moi.da evening, January 6th, the contracting panics being Mr. M. Whitney,
edtor and proprietor of 'THE NEWS,1
Union, B. C, and Mrs. Rena Macdonald
a lady journalist of Tacoma, Wash.
The ceremony was performed by the
Rev. Preston Barr, of St. Luke's.
The parlors of Mr. Birmingham's
handsome residence, were tastefully
decorated with evergreens antl flowers,
and a dainty repast -aas served immediately after 1 ht* ceremony.
Mr. and Mrs. Whitney, lift tn the 7'.*o
p in. boat for Victoria.���-Tnconia Daily
On Sa'.'h'.ay .-veiling the Uaica Braaa
Band trr.aa-.rl ���'.���; aud Mra. St. Wkitary
at tbeir raaidenu* eor-iei:. el 'I >*rl at. Maa
Danatnuir Av*. ' *-���
Theenmpli.iientwaa highly lltllllllU
and rhe muaie mueh trjoyed. ,
The improvement ��l the bind ao reoently
mji.u.'sf*.', h wr marked ard a -onrce of
I- rid   t ��� I ���''���**, a' .w:'   among   ur Olt'tellt
"Get a nut e m, gel a move on, you
fellers down theie! 1 dun't want yuu to
will; aod 1 don't want 'yon to tun; hut
put on your vings and dy." Tins has
been the refrain of the bost trimmers
here this week; for nearly 10,000 tont of
coal have hud tn be stowed away; and
tliere was precious litlle tim* le pick
teeth or smoke pipes.
Let her go,
Look out below,
Shovel and stow
Spite of rain and snow
Or the winds that blow.
Shovel, and heave, and sweat; the
black diamonds must be kept a moving.
We've been complaining of dull times
boys!   How does this suit you?
"Wake up Paddy! what's the matter!
Faith, I haven't been in bed for a wake
and I'm kilt entnirly; but kape her moving!   Kape her moving!"
After ,1 period of comparative idleness,
Saturdav, a week ago, ushered in th*
busiest week seen ht Union Bay. First,
tlie San Maleo, then the Progretso; next
the Kerr; after her, Richard III; then lh*
Mackinaw; nnd finally the Puebla; with
a sprinkling 01 tugs and scows; thick as
the currants in among the plums ia the
Sunda) duff.
The Washer has been running tar
several (lays, to limber up the machinery
and lest it. I lielieve the result is very
satisfactory, A very good description of
tbeeniire process ia given m a late Colonist.
.Severn! car loads of coal have beta
turned out, washed so clean it it fit to
heat, (Thins a coal blooded joke at ihe
usual lariltper word.)
The votaries of Terpsichore, tripped
the light fantastic at the Nelson Hotel
last Wednesday night until th* "we
snia" hours That'a what Jenkins' says.
Tu be plain, I might jusl say that ihey
hud a very pleasant dance there; there
was a good gathering frnm Comox.
Union and the Islands and all had �� good
Union Bay hogs are good barometer-.
When they make u break for cavet, we
may expect rain from the SOU west; and
when we see them trotting round, making
their beds fnr the night, squealing and
fighting for inside places, we lake it for
GltUNTED that there will be frost. Last
two nights the barometer read frost and
we have about an inch of ice on tbeltnle
Mr. Lindsay intends to keep hit house
going; limes will liven up again seen,
and it has heen u great convenience.
W. 0. T. *0.
Thc incnilil)' meeting of the W. C, T.
U., wili be held in the house of,.Ml. E,
DuncMi, .Vi'd-.i'k, ;n Tlii'r.ihy the 16th
ut 3 p.in. A LINE OF ITS OWN,
Cleveland Wants Congress to
Delimit Venezuela,
He Goes Congress One Better on the
Monroe Doctrine.
SalUburj Ki-hi-tf-H to He cognize That it li
Any of the'OoitgreiB1 Builoeii���Not hu
liiternntlotiitl Frliii*iplu-lnipt*rtiii(*tM***
I'Uiuiy Hinted At���CleveUiHl i Letmi
Nuthin^ for the Boreniueri to Uo���
Wwnti ii Committee of Congress u> i>e-
i*lilf tin* Muit*-**.
WiiBliingotn despatch soys: The
President sent to Uongresa to-dny the
Venezuelan correspondence, accompanied by tho following message: To
tho Congress: In my annual message,
addressed to the Congress on the 8rd
inst., 1 called attention to tlie pending boundary controversy between
(ireat Britain and tlie Republic of
Venezuela, ami recited the Bubstance
of a representation made by this Government to Her Britannic Majesty"e
Government suggesting reasons why
tmen dispute should be submitted to
arbitration ror settlement, and Inquiring whether it would be so submitted, The answer of the liritish
Government, which was then awaited,
has plnce been received, and together
With the despatch to which it is a
reply, Is hereto appended. Such reply te embodied in two communicn.-
tions, addressed by the British Prime
Minister to Nir Julian Pauncelote, the
British Ambassador nt tlds capital.
It will he seen that, one of these communications Is devoted exclusively to
observations upon the Modroe doctrine, and claims that In the present
Instance a new nnd strange extension and development of this doctrine
Is Insisted on by the EJrtfted States,
that the reasons justifying nn appeal
to tlitr doctrine enunciated by President Monroe, are
" to the stale of things in which we
livo at the present day,'' and especially in application to a controversy
involving the boundary line between
Great Britain and  Venezuela.
Without attempting extended argument in reply tu these positions, it
mny not be amiss to suggest that the
doctrine upon which we staud Is
strong and wi-v-hL tfecause its enforce*
men*"- <a Importune to our peace and
safety as a nation, and is essential
to the integrity of our free institutions and the tranquil maintenance of
our distinctive form of government. It
was intended to apply In every stage
of our national life, and cannot Ite-
eomo obsolete while our republic endures. If the balance of power is
justly a cause for jealous anxiety
among the governments of the old
world, and a subject for our absolute
non-interference, none the less is an
observance of the Monroe doctrine of
vital concern to our people and lheir
Government, Assuming, therefore,
that wo
upon this doctrine without regard to
the "state of things iu which we
live," or any changed conditions here
or elsewhere, It Is not apparent why
its application may not be invoked lu
the present controversy. If a European power, by un extension or its
boundaries, takes possession of the
territory of one of our neighboring republics against its will and in derogation of its rights, it is difficult to
see why, to that extent, such European power docs not thereby attempt to extend Its system of government to that portion of this continent whicli is thus taken. This Is
tlio precise action which President
Monroe declared to be "dangerous to
our peace and safety," and it cau
make no difference whether the European system is extended by an advance of frontier or otherwises
It is also suggested-in the British
reply that we should nut seek tu apply the Monroe doctrine to tbe pending dispute because It does not   cm-
body any principle    Ol   international
law which is "founded upon the gen- I
oral consent of nations,"  and    thnt |
"no statesman, however eminent,and
no nation, however powerful, aro competent to insert into tiie code ol in- :
ternatlonal law   a   novel    principle ���
which wns
and which has nut sinco been accept- I
ed by thc Government uf any other
Practically the principle for which '
we contond has peculiar if not  ex- .
elusive relation to the United States.
It may not have been admitted iu so j
many  words to the code o!  Interna- i
tionul law, but since in International |
councils every nation is  entitled    to I
the rights belonging to It, it the en-1
forcemeat of tho Monroe doctrine  is |
something wo mny Justly claim it has ���
Its place in the code of International
law as certainly and as securely    as
if it were specifically mentioned, and
wheu the United States   Is a suitor
-before the high tribunal that administers International law, the question
to be determined Is  whether or not
wo present claims which   tho justice
of that code of law can find to    be
right nnd valid. Tho Monroe doctrine
'finds its recognition In the principles
of international law, which nro based
upon tho theory that    every nation
shall have Its rights    protected nnd
Of course this Government Is entirely confident that under the sanction of this doctrine we have clear
rights nnd undoubted clnlms. Nor Is
this ignored in the British reply. The
Prime Minister, while not admitting
that tlie Monroe doctrine Is applicable to present conditions, states:
"In declaring that the United States
would resist any such enterprise if it
was contemplated, President Monroe
adopted a policy which received the
entire sympathy of the English Government of that date." Ue further
declares: "Though the language ol
President Monroe Is directed to thc
attainment of objects whicli most
Englishmen would ngreo to be salutary, it ls impossible to admit that
they have been inscribed by any adequate nutltority In the code of international law." Again he says: "They
(Her Majesty's Government) fully concur with the view which President
Monroe apparently entertained, that
any disturbance of the existing territorial distribution ln that hemisphere
by any fresh acquisitions un the part
of any European state would be a
highly Inexpedient change"
In the belief that tho doctrine tor
which wo contend was clear una del
nlte, that ti was founded upon substantial considerations, and involved
our safety and welfare, that it was
fully applicable to our present conditions, and to the state ol the world s
progress, ami that it was directly r;v-
lating to the pending controversy and
without any conviction as to tbe linal
merits cl the dispute, but anxious to
learn In a satisfactory and conclusive
manner, whether Great Britain
sought, aader a claim of boundary, to
extend her possessions on this continent without right, or whether she
merely sought possession ol territory
fairly Included within her lines of
ownership, this Government proposed
to the Government or (ireat Britain
a resort to arbitration as the proper
means of settling the question, to the
end that a vexatious boundary dispute between the two contestants
might be determined, and our exact
standing and relation In respect to
the controversy might lie mane clear.
It will bo seen from tho correspondence herewith submitted that this
proposition has been declined by the
British Government upon the
grounds, which, in the circumstances,
seem to me tu he far frum satisfactory, It is deeply disappointing that
such an appeal, actuated by the
most friendly feelings towards both
nations directly concerned, addressed
to the sense of justice nnd to the
magnanimity of ouo of the great
powers of tbe world and touching Its
relations to une comparatively weak
and small, sliould have produced no
better results. The course to be
pursued by this Government, in view
of the present condition, does not
appear to admit of serious doubt.
Having labored faithfully for many
years to induce Great Britain to submit this dispute to impartial arbitration, and having been now finally
apprised of her refusal to do so, nothing remains but to accept tlie situation, to recognize Its plain requirements and deal with It accordingly. Great Britain's present proposition hns never thus far lieen regarded as admlssable by Venezuela,
though any adjustment of the boundary whicli that country may deem
for her advantage .and may enter Into
of her own free will cannot, of course,
Im; objected to by the United States.
lu making- thuse recommendations 1
am fully njlve to the responsibility
incurred, and "keenly realize ull the
consequences that mny follow. Iain,
nevertheless, firm in my conviction
that, whilu it is a grievous thing to
contemplate the two great English-
speaking peoples of tlie world as being otherwise than friendly competitors In the onward march of civilization nnd strenuous and worthy rivals
in all the arts of peace, there is. no
calamity which a groat nation can
invite which equals that whicli follows
a supine submission to wrong and Injustice, and the consequent loss of
national sell respect and honor, Ve*
neath which Is shielded and delen-ted
a people safe In greatness.'*
(Signed)  Grovcr Cleveland,
thi: YrMv  ov a tkndki.i.oin (.iiu,
PoorTlllleLorrlion Killed Iicrneir lu thc
New York despatch: Tall, slender
girl, known but a little while to the
Tenderloin as Blanche Edwards, killed
herself In the street this morning by
swallowing carbolic acid.
The suicide's real name was Tillie
Lorrison, and she came from Princeton
Sin; lived with an aunt, nn artists'
model. Some short time ago she was
betrayed by a man of family, who cast
her off when sho became a mother.
Then sho came to New York. She
was tall, slender, and good-looking,
and In thu natural courso of things,
drifted tu tlio Tenderloin after a
while. It is not yet threo months
since sho camo here.
At the time of her death hIio wns
living alone in a rented room on
Twenty-ninth street, Just around tbe
corner from the spot where she kill*
im1  herself.  One of her companions tuld
tho story,
"She was dead Blow, She wns always
dead broke, and getting broker.Iliad
to pay her board half tne time. I was
with her last night. Sho did not have
a cent. She bought the poison around
iu Twenty-eight Street, 1 hear, and
said good-bye to Eddie, tho clerk,
whom sho knew, and tho cab man In
"I guess tho troublo arose from her
acquaintance with young Wilson Morris, the lithographer, who killed himself tlie other day. He put up for hor,
and sinco he pegged out she's been
broker than ever. He had left some
acid bo used in his business In his
room nnd camo to get It. The land-
lfldy would not givo it to him, but
Tllllo did, and he took it and died.
That mny lino put it into hor head,
along with hor going dead broke."
A special correspondent found himself shut out of a London newspaper
offlco In Fleet street and unable to
mako himself heard by anyone within. Hla errand would not wait till
morning. What should ho do. Ilo
went to the central telegraph station and telegraphed to a newspaper
office In Ireland, nsklng the clerk
there to telegrnph to tho clerk In
Fleet street to come downstairs nmi
let bim���the correspondent���in.���London Answers.
Has Christianity Failed in thB Fight
Against Suicide ?
The growing prevalence of suieidu
loads one to think thut Bcll-murUer la
really supposed to bring euthanasia
to the unhappy victims, says Countess Norrnlkow, lu the " l'hilosophlcal
Journal." "It Is so hard to livo; so
oasy to die," ls tho cry that yearly
goes nit frum thousand* ot despairing
hearts, The cynical materialism ol
the times Is largely responsible Ior
tills state ol tilings. Men would
rather lielieve that there can lie no
duy ol reckoning beyond the grave
���no recurring to past errors Ior
wliich tliey can lie held accountable.
Such beliul gives free reiga to the
criminality ot whicli maa is capable
In tlie abseuce ol that restraint
which is supposed to come Irom lear
of future punishment. To most men
soll-satlsluctlon constitutes a perfect
life. The materialistic theory coa*
firms thobo in their belief, Ior it seouiB
to till au requirements uud abundantly feed their self-conceit. These egotists feol that they can end their
lives ut will, without lieing responsible to either tJod or man. Indeed, oae
wlio deliberately utiempis to tuke
liis own life cuu have no intelligent
apprehension of either Uod or himself. He recognizes no higher power
thun that wielded by mortal hands.
The courts of human law bound ids
vision on every side, and to them
alone does lie acknowledge allegiance.
The conditions existing iu Germany
nud Russia, for instance, havo been
the means of creating u cluss of thinkers, who, iu their elforts to solve the
problem of life, have lost sight ol its
moral and spiritual aspects, und huve
fallen back ou the simpler doctrine of
materialism, In these (ln de siecle
days the world is flooded with theories, "isms," and creeds, but tlie endorsement and advocacy ol suicide are
among tlie latest eccentricities to
lie brought to public notice. That its
favorable discussion at the preseut
time will Improve the morals of the
people Is to lie doubted, for there are
so many unfortunates trembling on
the narrow bridge of uncertainty that
to not a lew it seems to open un
nveuue of escape ol which not even a
thought hud hitherto entered their
minds. As in theological matters, so
iu questions Involving life and death,
tlie ignorant invariably yield supremacy and obedience to those whom
they look upon as their superiors in
knowledge. That suicide lias amoral
side they seldom stop to consider;
but, like sheep, they blindly follow
tl leader, even though lie be such in
theory only���not lu practice. It is
so easy to sit by ti cheerful fireside,
in a well-appointed home, where thc
wolf ol want has never entered nnd
the glow ot human love nnd aympathy renders life doubly pleasant, and
thoughtlessly discuss a subject of the
utmost portent to thousands less
favored I It is like crushing the
head of the serpent in Paradise. The
reptile could no longer disturb Eden,
but when sent out into the world Its
seed brought forth Irult -a
hundred-fold. Tlds is a fitting parallel to the theoretical
udvocates ol self-murder. Why not
act tho Stole at once, and thua set
nn example to weaker mortals 1 Alas!
they fear���they know not what. The
future always holds a doubt.
It should be remembered, however,
that Zcao, tho Stoic, and his lol-
lowere believed In a Supreme Being,
and so ordered their Uvea while on
earth that they considered themselves eligible for entrance at any
time into tho unknown���whatever
that might hold for them. 'Ihey
simply ignored their obligations to
the rest ot humanity, and Ielt that,
ae tliey did not come into the world
o! their own volition, they were tree
to leave it���after suitable preparation���when and haw they pleased.
Put the Stoics were a band ol earnrst
thinkers whom the petty ailments
and annoyances of dally lifo could not
affect. Tliey soured beyond the ken
of ordinary mortals, and lived at a
time too remote Irom our stago ol civilization to be considered In nny
sense a precedent tor our guidance.
Yet lavornhlo allusion hns been frequently mude to this ruco of men,
Whose existence continued through
several centuries and died out with
the advent of Christianity! hut we
ure now living ln nn era when man
must acknowledge his moral obligations to home and society. These
render suicide a violation of his duties
to both, und therefore a crime
against law, order and humanity it-*
sell. f-'u'eldo li commonly attributed
to- a derangement of the mental
faculties. Much brooding on this
(net, together witli the dreadful possibility of transmission to offspring.
v ill often unsottle. an unbalanced
mind ! nnd so the sad story is continued from father to son.
Modern Christianity Is apparently
Inadequate to meet the requirements
of the case, nnd therefore we must
look for'a saviour within man himself, Tlie moral side Of his nature
must ba touched nud quickened, nnd
tlie Individual thus brought to understand his personal responsibility. Then
shnll wc hear less of self-destruction.
Mnn does not actually die. The lite
element which tlie Crentor caused to
breathe through the nostrils persists
for all time; else eternity wero not
nn attribute of tho Deity. It is but
thc shell���the outer covering���of man
whicli ls consigned to tho grave. The
Immortal entity ascends to realms unseen by the physical eye, and according as' a man lias sown hero Bhnll he
reap there. Tlio time spent here ls
but preparatory to the continuance ol
life on a higher plane. Nature's laws
are Immutnble, nnd earthly experience
tenches that failure to obey Is attended with dire consequences. How
serious, thon, must be the after-effects
of suicide! The wilful destruction of
sell creates sudden discord among the
laws by whicli that life Is governed,
and It mny require hundreds of years
to effect harmonious readjustment. In
the meantime, the poor earthbound
soul ls living over and over again, ln
agony ot remorse, the great crime
committed against universal law.
KUNNINU a MC-wstMi'Klt.
Anybody But the Trained Newspaper Mnn
Known All About tt.
It is woudorful how many persons
think tliey can " run" a newspaper,
and how frco tliey are In their advice how this and that department
should be conducted. The Ideas ol
thoso who have had experience, either
In newspaper management or editorship, are ua variant antl conflicting
ns experience elm mnko them. One
suggesta an alteration ln one direction that would lose him a hundred
subscribers : a second culls for the Introduction of a feature which would
bring a protest trom scores of readers by tlie next mail; a third pro-
l*OB��i an addition which would In-
crcuao expenses without material
advantage -, a lourth urges a new department that would give him room
to air certain opinions without bringing tn any remuneration In proportion
to the money outlay; a tilth desires
ua additional page or column devoted
to some hobby, which, while dear to
him, would not Interest the average
reader ; nnd a sixth wants space to
treat at length a particular subject,
which the editor, In deference to the
wishes and demands of his constituency, generally seeks to condense so
to give as much variety of thought
and matter as space will permit. It
may and sliould be taken for granted that tlie conductor ol a newspaper
will do his ltost to make It attractive,
readable, varied and useful. Ho ls
ready to take suggestions kindly tendered and acts U|k>u them aa tar as
ia possible, but he usually haa a larger knowledge of existliqr conditions
thnn tlte mnjority of those outside
of tlie office. If those who write to
him from a distance about so-culled
Improvements or special changes
wero on bund to take In the entire
situation tliey would think und write
differently from whut tliey did away
from tlio sccno ot action. The gift ol
pleasing everybody In conducting a
uowspnper ls as rare as is the gift
of prcuclilag to meet everyhody'e
satisfaction, or teaching according to
everybody's aotlons, or ol doing business iu a way to satisfy every taste.
An editor can only use his best Judgment nnd consult valiant tastes and
needs us far aa conditions will permit, nnd then abide the result.���The
Here ts line nf  the   New   fur,*   For  the
Klhow Crook Hal,It.
Slue the development ot the Kecley
curs there have not muny months
passed without some new cure for tlie
alcohol or morphine habit appearing
on tlie market. The latest of which
we have seen an account of is that
published by Dr. Matchette in the
Medical World. Dr. Matchette modestly clnlms that lio has had but two
per ceut. of failures. He has tills
merit, at least, that lie Is willing to
publish his method to tho world, and
does so. Dr. Matchette notes Incidentally thut the beer habit is more stubborn and resists treatment more than
any other. We call the attention ol
this interesting tact to the civic patriots of the Gorman Itetorm Union.
Tlie method ol cure consists In giving
the patient a hot bath and cathartic.
He Is then given hypodermic injection
of tho sulphate of liydrnstine.beginning
with one-fiftieth of a grain, which ls
increased until one-twentieth of a
grain is given four times a day. II
tlio patient ls very nervouB, lie ls
given mixtures containing valerian
und bromide. During the first few
hours, or even days, the patleat is furnished with a generous quantity of
liquor ol the best brand. Thc essence
of Dr. Matchette's cure seems to be
sulphate of hydrastlne. liydrnstine is
put down as " a simple bitter, a
hepatic stimulant, an antlperlodlc, an
cmnienagogue." Tills alleged property
of being nntlnlcohollc is certainly
somewhat new.
Iu boiling meat, if it is desired to
retain the Juices, the piece should lie
large, aud should lie placed at once
in boiling water, and tlio boiling continued Ior live minutes. Then tlio
temperature ot the water sliould be
allowed to lull to 100 degrees Fahrenheit, at which point it sliould lie
maintained until tho moat is done.
Tlio boiling water coagulates the
outside ol tlio- meat, and thus prevents the escape t/i tho Juices. II tho
temperature be kept at or near the
boiling point throughout tho process
the Ilesh shrinks, becomes tough,
loses In flavor, nnd Is finally digested
with mueh difficulty.
On the other hnnd, If the object of
the boiling Is to muko it gootl soup
tho meat should lie cut Into small
pieces, placed lu cold water, and the
temperature gradually raised to
ir.il degrees to 100 degrees Fahrenheit. Chicken broth is the most nutritious ; mutton next, while beof
makes u very weak broth. By boiling, meat loses, as a rulo, front "5 to
DO per cent* of its weight.
In roasting, the oven should at tirst
lie very hot: then it should be cooled
down, and the process continued at a
low temperature. Since tlio heat ap-
pliod to overy portion of tho outside
of the meat cannot lie so uniform ln
roasting as in boiling, the loss ls usually greater in the former than in
tlie latter.
Stewed meat is that roasted in ita
own juices. Tho meat is cut into
smull pieces, nnd the cooking should
lie carried oa at as low a temperature ns possible. The extracted matter should be served with thu meat.
Treetop���1 wanted to stay in New
York two dayB longer, but I couldn't.
Hayrick���Why not?
Treetop���Forgot to mortgage the
[arm before I  started.
Q.���Why doea a lady wear her
watch on her wrist?
A.���Bocauae she findB It bo difficult
to see  tho "clock" on lier stocking.
HOIK TOO LONG  l>KFKl;itt:l>
81ckened Mill Hohs Slid Now   **be   Wa-jtn
t'aih Remedy.
A sensational affair has just come to
light nnd one which will cause u great
deal of surprise wbea the facte are
known. It appeare that Mr. Thos.
McNIder, a prominent farmer living in
Thtirlow and only 'a short distance
from this city, has been, keeping company with Miss Eobs, ti daughter ol
W. Hi Koss, who lives near Albert
College. Mr. McNIder is about 05
years ol ago und is well oil and rather
good looking. Miss Koss Is about 30
yeans ot age, a blonde, aad ratluer
pretty. The couple have beea keeping
company Ior ten years and during
that time Miss ltoss has prepared tor
a wedding on live dlll*,vrcnt occasions
but has always beea disappointed by
her aged lover. Now Miss Koss has
grown cold nnd site haB naked not
Ior Ids love but somo ol his cash,
and she hus Instructed her solicitor,
Mr. E. Gus Porter, to ask for $5,000
tor her wounded feelings. Mr. Porter
has Isued the writ and the case will
come off at the spring Assizes. Miss
Hobs lias a pile ol letters aud aa en- -
gugement ring, which Is pretty gootl
evidence on her behalf. The case, it
brought into court, will no doubt
prove ot grent Interest, both ln this
city nnd surrounding district.���Belleville Ontario.
" 'There are other things in th'
missage,' he says, cocklu' his hat.
' Did yo mind th' smash ho tuk at th' '
Snssenach ?' ' On'y with th' tall Iv
me eye,' 1 snys I'r I hadn't read a
line iv it. ' I was busy makln' a puss
cnlfy I'r Iloolihan whin it come in.
What was it like, I dlnnaw'." 'Well,'
says ho, ' Cleveland says,' ho says,
' that lie's took Jus' as much fr'iu th'
Prince of Wales as he'll stand. Ho
snys, by dad, th' time is come f'r us
to stand up an' givo it out col' an'
flat that whin anny nutioa comes
chnsiu' around on this side iv th'
tSchomberg line, we'll give tliini to
understnnd that thus an' thus is so.
Oh, ito did, ft* sure.'
" 'An' Where's th' Scliombcrg line V
snys I.
" ' Well,' aays he, 'la th' name iv
liivin, what's this got to be ? A kind-
hergarteit ? Ask any kid on th'
ethreet an' he'll answer ye that.
What sort iv un American citizen
nr-re yo that ye don't know that'.'
Annyhow, I'm not hero to give ye
unlvarslty cxtinsion lectures. I'll
on'y tell ye tlds, tjhat it th' Prince
lv Wales monkeys it'll be Caeey's
" ' What Casey ?' says I. ' I knowed
wan that was a tluker.'
*' * Aug-gh,' he saya. 'Ye'er Jokin.'
"' Well,' snys I, ' I may be, and I
may not bo, too. But I'll tell ye this
Caaey'a bellows, an' all th' like iv
tliim 'ro no moro than a matther Iv
blowln'. Thoy make a big Bipteak,
but they're full lv wind. Ye betther
lave th' Prlsidont's 'ralssage* to- thim
that has a head. Ye'er more at homo
spclliu' out th' lit'ny lv tli' saints,
I've seen ye spied half th' niornln' on
" ' An' did yo not read th' missage?'
snys he
"'I did not,' says I. Tied It to
Clancy's goat,' I says, 'an',I hcerd
th' poor thing groanln' In her sleep.' "
���Chicago Post.
, Assuiiilng, however, that the attitude ol Venezuela will remain unchanged, tho dispute has reached such
a stute as to make it now incumbent
upon the United States to take measures to determine With sufficient certainty for its Justification what Is
tlie true divisional line between the
Republic of Venezuela and British
Guiana. The inquiry to that cntl
should, of course, bo conducted carefully and Judicially, uud due weight
should be given to ull nvailuble evidence, records antl facts lu support of
the claims of botli parties. In order
that sucli an examination should bo
proaecuted in a thorough and satisfactory manner, I suggest that the
Congress make aa adequate appropriation for the expenses of a commission, to be appointed by tlio executive, who ahull mako tlte necessary
investigation and report upon the
mutter with tlio least possible delay.
Whea such report Is mnde, and accepted, it will, in my oplidon, bo the
duty ot the Uuited States to resist
by every means in its power, as a
wilful aggression upon its rights and
interests, the appropriation by Great
Britain of any lauds or the exercise
of governmontul Jurisdiction over any
territory wliich, after investigation,
we have determined of right belong
to Venezuela.
Some passengers over onii ot tint
Berlin Cunal bridges the other day
noticed the sudden appearance of .two
black points iu tlie sky at a. considerable distance awny, . w-hicli developed into two ducks. Behind them,
according to the Cincinnati inquirer,
nt a lower level, flew another' bird,
which suddenly rose into the" alt-
above the ducks, and - then shot
down upon them like an arrow, fine 01
the ducks flew sideways to'vnrd the
Thlergurteu; the other, closely pursued iiy Its euehiy, flew slanting into
tlie cunal, and, reaching tlie water
exactly behind tiio bridge, - dive
while tho hawk, in his Wind haste,
struck against the head of it. statue
of Hercules and fell, once mono fhipping its great wings, dead on thc
pavement of tlio bridge. The bird was,
a spleadld specimen, tho wings' hav*
an expansion ot more thnn three r
Don't sup exclusively on Welsh
Don't torgct to wear rubbers ci
damp days. ���   **
Don't lail to walk three or four
miles a day. .
Don't expect to rise refreshed from
an unventllated sleep.
Don't expect to be treo from colds
If yon sleei> in a draught.
Don't ent heartily immediately before beginning nny, brain work.
Don't lose sight of the fact that
cool heads and warm.leet form a very
hygienic combination. V
;.i��gg52g=��52g"^^ t'iu''l  ov'-'r  this  unanswerable riddle,
f-^��K5^^^^^^.-^^^^^^^S^^^s^^^^f|-| | _8 iar^��^harhUCclub,"?dt0be��S
PROLOGUE. I Burned   tho   proportions    of a grave
Tho summer of 18*10 was drawing to : criminal offence.   A man wlio refuses
�� close.   On a magnificent day iuSep- | ,t0 aay what lie Is, what no has done,
,       . . ,.    ���,, ��� , ,,,.���, front whence lie has come, must  have
tember two  revenue ouiccrs wcroon , fre|gMy n&mm ,ur Mmlx_ wh(,u h(J
duty on the steep coast which bor- j knows that this refusal may be the
ders the entrance to the Gull ol ; means of coniiuing him to prison for
Sulnt-Tropez, on tlio Vur, i *��� jongthy period,   lieslues, un almoat
| nuked tnnn does not come nnd refresh
it wns near mid-day, ami tlie heat
was tropical, lu order to shelter
themselves trout the sun tliey had
thrown themselves down iu tlie shade
of a clump of mastic trees, whicli
protected tliein completely, und close
to it spring, whose neighborhood kept
them in somo degree cool. At their
leet the Mediterranean, culm and
smooth ns a lake, stretched uwuy
us fur as tlio eye could reach.
Such weather is by no means favorable for smugglers, and the chances
of making a capture wero but slight.
Besides tliLs, not a sail was in aight.
Blue everywhere, saving only a small
black spot ou ���the horizon, which
might, is, either a cloud or a rock.
At the end ol halt an hour It Beeined
to tho two revenue officers that this
black point waa Increasing in size.
An hour afterwards there could be
no more doubt on trie subject; the
object was a boat, and jthis boat was
steering straight for the coast. There
was nothing in tills but what was perfectly natural.
At the end of two hours the boat
was within gunshot of the beach, and
its occupant waa plainly distinguishable, lie was alone, and was vigorously plying his two oars; im stopped
from time to time and seemed to be
looking out for some particular spot
on the beach. The two officers, lying
on tlio top of tho cliff, were completely invisible.
Presently the rower appeared to
havo found what he wus in search for,
for he approached the laud, leapt on
shore, and beached his boat so that
tlio tide should uot curry it ofl. After this oiteration he took another
look at tho coast, as if to make certain that it was deserted, und, no
doubt satisfied by tlie result ol his
examination, he begnn to run quickly
towards tho cliffs.
Tho ollieers came to tlie conclusion
that those proceedings wero worth
watching, and thoy wntclied.
Tho man climbed, without hesitating, a uarrow path which led straight
to tho spring. They had now a close
view ol liim. Ho was not a tisherman
ou the coast; the revenue ollieers
know ail ot them.
it was straugo to say the least of
Arrived ou top of tlie cliff, the
man stopped a moment, looked around
him, nnd, seeing no one, he ran to the
spring, threw himself flat down and
begun to drink greedily.
He was evidently dying with thirst.
Ho dTank long and deeply, dipped
his head, sprinkled himself with water, and dabbled about for quite a
quarter of an hour. Then he arose,
looked around him once more, anil appeared to be preparing to return to
his boat.
The two officera thought this a favorable moment for appearing. They
had not come to auy definite conclusion with regard to thia man; but
it seemed to them strange that any
one should come from the opea sea
expressly to drink at a spring.
They stood up, then, all at once,
and their sudden appearance produced an extraordinary effect on the
drinker. He began at once to rush
down the cliff ln tlie direction of his
boat. He ran liko a goat, and with
every appearance ot a man to whom
the country wns familiar.
A man who bolts Is always u sub
piclous character, und he is, no matter iu what country, always pursued. The revenue ollieers took good
care not to break through this custom ; they ran alter tlie fugitive and
laid their hands on his collar just as
lie was training hia bout.
The man struggled vigorously; but
niter a short tussle he was thrown
to the ground and securely bound,
lie had thc frightened look of a wild
tieust caught In a trap, and itis forehead bore tho mark ot a recent wound,
ills dross consisted ol a pair ot sailcloth trousers and a straw hat as
full of holes as a colander. No coat,
no shirt, no shoes. The sailors ot
Provenco do not dress lilto the boatmen of the Seine; tint at any rate
tliey do dross, and tlie stranger was
not dressed at all.
Such a scanty costume us this was
eminently suspicious. Things looked
atill worso when tlio bont came to be
examined ; it was as hare as tho man
wlio hud occupied It; It contained two
oars and nothing else. No mnst, sail,
nor tiller; no provisions, not oven n
vessel ul water i no name, uo number
on the stern.
Thc officers began to question the
stranger, but they could got uo answer from him, Much ombarrassed by
tlielr capture, they decided to tako
hini to tlie nearest town, which owned
a magistrate and a prison. The man
allowed hlmsell to be taken without
resistance, and without saying a word.
It was only on urriving ut the prison
that he opened Ida mouth to say, " I
am hungry."
They   gave him    some   regulation
bread, which ho    devoured in a   few
minutes, and went to fetch the mag-
istrate, who questioned liim  without
**_t*ltv -.i'tnlning uny answer, and who,  not
' r   j��!'''"-vlng Tcry wo" w,ll*t to do with
���v   f^.iim, sent liim otf between two gendarmes to tho headquartei'B ot the district, ua a vagabond.
A vagaboad of the sea !
Then   the   magistrate tried  in his
turn to make this   strange prisoner
spenk.   But all his cleverness, which
had so often confounded the tricks of
prisoners, was as nought ia the face
of a moet simple defence.
The stranger   told no lies; he said
uot a word.
Under this obstinate silence the vul
himself on a deserted coast; a man
does not take to tlie sea, without
clothes, without water, und without
provisions iu a boat without a num*
Thero wns a  mystery there   wliich
very probably concealed n crime.
But what crime ?
The first Idea whicli presented itBelf
was that ol a massacre on the high
seas, committed by tlie mutinous crew
of somo vessel; but iu that case, how
had this unfortunate man come to be
abandoned in u ramshackle boat V
Another circumstance added further
to tlie obscurity in whicli this affair
was Involved. In order to find the
spring, which could not be seen from
the sea, he must have been acquainted
with the coast. The man, then, had
been In that part of the country before, although not one of the Inhabitants recognized him. An examination
ol his person lulled to throw nny light
on the mystery. He was neither old
nor young, neither handsome nor ttgiy,
neither fat nor lean. Ho was not what
one wonld have called a man of a
superior class, but yet he wiis neither
a peasant nor a sailor. In a word, it
was perfectly easy to see what he
was not; it was impossible to see
what he was.
In the presence 01' this living enigma
ttie magistrate found himself mueh embarrassed. Ho was young und full of
zeal; he had at his disposal the numerous and powerful means with wliich
tho law is armed, und he resolved, if
necessary, to put them ull into force.
He began by summoning detectives
from the galleys at Toulon, for the
man might simply bo an escaped prisoner. Tiie detectives declared that
they had no acquaintance with him.
He wrote to tlie public prosecutors.
of France and Italy, sending them
tlie description of tho individual, and
asking whether it dill not apply to
some fugitive from the law. He received answers iu tiie negative trom
He wrote to all the neighboring seaport towns to inquire whether a boht
had been stolen from any of them.
None of tho descriptions received ln
reply nppeurcd to answer to the prisoner's boat.
The magistrate resolved to have recourse to those wretches who lu prison
patter are called moutons ; that ls to
aay, the poor devil had two companions who were charged to watch him
aud mako him talk. They had
their labor for their pains. Their
companion, wlio tulked willingly
enough on indifferent topics, sapped
through their fingers directly tbe
slightest allusion was mado to his
Finally, extreme measures had been
used; tlie names of several escaped
criminals were selected whose description tallied with that of the
stranger, and during the night, in the
middle of ids sieep, he was suddenly
to be awoke by being culled by 'one
of these names. It waa hoped that
if tliey chanced oa this he would mot
be able to control ids first movement
of recognition,
A complete failure was the result.
By this time the affair had assumed
tlte proportions ol a struggle between
tho magistrate and tlie lnan-rlddle.
In whicli tlie prldo ot the former'wus
at stake. But it was impossible to
prolong the situation Indefinitely nnd
to keep the stranger in prison uutii
lie chose to speak.
Abandoning the struggle, the magistrate sent hitn to take hia trial aB
11 vagabond. The affair attracted
to the court tlte whole population ot
tho little town, nnd even a few strangers who had come to puss tho autumn ln Provence.
One ol them, Viscount Henri de Ser-
von, a collego friend ot tiie magistrate, with whom, he had como to
stay for a month, had interested himself In this story witli all tlio curiosity of an idle Parisian. Ho hndftiecn
to see tho stranger ln prison, and he
sat In tho front row in tho court. The
prisoner did not present himself In
the all too scanty costume which lie
hied worn in his boat. Ho had been
clothed in prison dress; vest and
trousers of coarso woollen stuff,   >
Ho was a man of rather more than
medium height and must *mve Iteeu
about 40 or oil years old. ills hair
and his beard, wliich he woro lull,
were still quite black. His rather
irregular features wero not un-
pieaslng, nnd Ids brown eyos lind a
gentle mid Inteiltgeut expression. Ills
tanned face denoted some outdoor occupation, sucli as tliut of a. hunter or
sailor. Ills hands, without Iwlng
those oi u laborer, bore traces of
work. His speech was correct and
(roe from  accent.
People expected a dramatic trial;
they were completely disappointed.
The prisoner remained cnlm, ntuta, Impenetrable, tie was piled with questions ; traps wero set tor hint: the
consequences of Ids stubbornness were
represented  to hlui.     In vain.
Tlie stranger s obstinate quietness
never forsook liim, and on hearing
tho sentence which condemned him,
for vagabondage, to the maximum
penalty���Imprisonment tor a year and
a dny���ho had the appearance of a
man who Is resigned to all tlie coa-
scquencee of a fixed determination.
It had been necessary to givo hint
a name, in order to baptise, tho sentence, so to sneak, and tliey called
him Jacques, asi thc prison warders
had already done for their own convenience Bake,
A lew days afterwards the Nameless
Man was conducted to a prison In a
nelghborlog department.
The curtain had fallen before the
conclusion of the drnma
uuut-r Hum wuo,��__��, H. . ���           _       	
gar misdemeanor of vagaboadage as-'    Henri de Servon had.    become ex-
rotiirning  to   Paris lie   took it Into
his head to deposit with the author-
j ities five hundred francs to bo given
j to tho prisoner at the expiration ol
liis sentence.
It was an investment to the prollt
ol his curiosity. Ho said to himself
that when ho had doue onco witli
Justice the stranger would repay bim
with tlio story of his adventures.
His calculations deceived him.
A year afterwards the viscount
learned that the man hnd passed
twelve months in prison without betraying ids Identity, and that ho hud
gone to live in Marseilles uuder police supervision.
Hut tlds was all. The man without
a name gave no sign of life, lie did
not even write to return tlinnks, although tho money had been duly paiu
over to him when he cainu out of
prison. Tin- revolution of February
happened a short time afterwards,
and Henri de Servon lind ulinost forgotten the story, when towards the
end of the year lSlb lie found himself
engaging In adventures far more ex-
The political eveuts which occupied
tlie lirst fow mouths ot the year 1818
left men but little time to think ul
other mattera. The Interest whleh
[a usually bestowed on the curiosities of the courts ot law waa fully occupied by the street fights, and the
singular episodes wliich occurred
aliout this time ln the highest Parisian society passed almost unnoticed.
Alter the revolution of February
the fashionable clubs remained for a
long time deserted; but towardB thc
end of the summer those who remaln-
| ed faithful to a life about town begun to resume their usual existence.
Ihe diners again frequented the Cafe
��?i , rls ��� the theatres gradually
tilled ; and card and supper parties
ugnin cnuie iuto vogue.
Card-parties especially. It appeared as if people were anxious to
make up for a forced interruption,
and they set to work with an ardor
whicli possibly wus to be explained
by tlte uncertainty which lasted as
to the future. Iu one oi the most
celebrated clubs in Paris especially
the high players met, and every night
at a baccarat-table in the middlo of
the great red room enormous sums j
w-ere won and lost. From the heaps
of gold and bank-notes on the green
cloth it was impossible to Imuglno
thnt trade wits In a dreadful state,
and that rents were collected with
difficulty. The money, wliich men
concealed In various places and took
good cure not to invest, appeared in
any quantity ou these occasions, uud
changed hands with Incredible rai>-
idity between one and five o'clock in
the morning. Ono duy, towards the
end ol October, and at the very
height of this fever, one of the most
assiduous frequenters of tho club suddenly ceased to appear there.
He was a very rich young man from
Lauguedoc, who hud como to pass
the wiuter In Paris, and who for the
last month hud woa large sums there.
At first but little notice wns taken
of his absence, for the Intimacy between gamblers is rarely extended
beyond the card table, but it was presently discovered that he had not appeared at home for several days
His family wero uneasy, and a
search was Instituted. Monsieur de
Sleurac���such, was his name-had left
the club one morning about four
o clock, and from the moment that
ue had passed out ol tho door ull
trace of him had disappeared.
it was probable that, accordiag to
his usual custom, he hud takea a cab
to drive to the Faubourg Saint-
German, where he resided; but all the
drivers who were questioned could
give no informatlou on tho subject.
One alone stated that on the night
in question he had driven to the station of the Rouen railway a traveller whose description tallied ln
some measure with that of the miss-
ng man. But it was difficult to believe thut at that hour of the night,
without* luggage, and In evening
dress, Monsieur de Sleurac hadstart-
ed for some unknown destination.
The Idea ot suicide was mooted.
It la a supposition always admissible in the case of a gambler. But,
besides the fact that he was very
wealthy, Monsieur de Sleurac had
olwuys been lucky at cards, and on
the very night of hia dlsappenrauce
he had won a largo sum.
It was not known that he hod any
trouble on his mind. It would have
beea madness to think that a man
so favorably situated with regard to
mind anil fortune should have gone
and thrown himself Into the Seine
after a Joyous and profitable night.
It was moro natural to believe that
a crime had beon committed, and it
was told how that In Mousieur de
Slournc's pocket-book there wuh
ample temptation for thieves, who
during that tlmo ol financial depression seldom catuc across such wlnd-
But lor tho lust two yearB thc
bands of ruffians wlio Infested tlie
streets ol Paris towards the end ot
Louis 1'lilllppu'a reign had entirely
disappeared, The last survivors of
these redoubtable hordes of criminals
had been tried and convicted In 1846,
and since thnt time nocturnnl uttiicks
had entirely ceased.
Tito inquiries BOt on loot by tho po-
dco In this direction wore fruitless.
The only dlBcovery whicli was made
was Monsieur do Slourac's pocket-
book, whicli waa plckod up, torn and
soiled, on tho wnsto ground which In
those days lay near tlio Barriere du
It is needless to sny thnt this pocket-book waa empty.
There nil traces ceased.
Tlie river and oanal were dragged
In vnlu. The body of Monsieur de
Sleurac wns not discovered.
His strange disappearance was a
nine daya' wonder in Paris, bnt at
tlie end of that time Paris had tor-
gotten It; nnd at the club, where
Monsieur de Sleurac was well known
and much liked, hie probable denth
did not cause baccarat to cease for
a single night.
A month had not pasaed whon nn
adventure���a less tragic ono, It Is
tfrue���happened to one of the most
regular players at the club. Ho was
an officer la the army of Africu, who
had come to paas a few months' leavo
mini   ,7* ,Tas [lofc ''""' " ,*eter-  I"11***'1 l0P ''tm an unenviable reputa-
v,?*.,1   ������"'*'-: *'''* '"' ������''���"�����'��������� '" his   tion.       Tho day    before,    after     a
arltv      *';'B**ion   Wlt"  military regu-   heavy  diuuer.  the baron, who, as a
it ���',,,,,.,.,,, 1 rl"t*' "���8 prudence Itself, except when
Ivo.i.,r���! ,sk? '"" ^ M�� seat at the at table, had made hold to go in for
orrfttl l ��� - a?d ,lt ,tl,re" 00l0��** > '"���'''���*' P****-"- His audacity was re-
prectsely win or loose, he left off. . warded by unhenrd-of luck, and about
"���,",,���,c" m'uutes POBt three he three o flock lu the morning he triune�� n ns *","*,e "" f00t to ***" I "mphantly left his place, having won
ttue dc Bouigngne, whistling some old i on.* thousand lonls, or, In other words,
African march. ^^^^^^^^
As a rule he played with marked Ill-
luck ; but when by chance fortune favored Mm be took advantage ol it with
all the ardor of a Span! accustomed
to Impetuous charges, and his win- i
nings on tliese occasions were very
large. :
about  twenty thousand francs.
But tin, night which hnd begun so
auspiciously finished badly.
As he was wnlkitig'houie to tho Rue
d'Anjou, the poor baron had been attacked near the expiatory monument
of Louis XVI. by somo thieves, who
had half strangled him and taken ids
,,���>.��� c,.1''"''*���,or '�����*-������� one morning, 1 money. Details wero wanting; but
,."-,,. . 1 f, K ���""���"���'' '"*or huVlng the fact was onlv too. true, and re-
won it hanHy-oontosted battle, he 1 marks were plentiful.
LhSiwr* 1!',',' eom? roaPiolous-lookln*-. ������ These nocturnal ruffian*," said a
hi���.,, 81 K.*']',"*s t"e '''���*" "' " I ���V0""<*' '"'in. ���' are oertalnly favored by
Ji,mr" "" -���'*���' cor"c'r ��' ���*��� "Ml*, and they seem to prefer those
���',,,,,,,7��     , who have been fortunate at play.*"
Uiptnln Laverdan was too well no-1    Upon whicli ona of the most uui-
OUatomBd to a war ot ambuscades
In Algeria not to mistrust shady corners, nnd lio knew that on a suspicious rond It Is advisable not to
turn u corner too sharply. He took
care, then, to walk In the middle of
the path, and n-s an additional precaution ho unsheathed 11 short sword
concealed in his cane. At the same
time lie walked towards the entrance
to the Rue do Bourgogne, keeping a
military look-out, that is to say,
casting hla eyes right and left.
A step, a glance.
It wus well that lie was on his
guard. Just ns he wns passing a low
door In the wall of the Palais Bourbon he saw a man rush upon him,
and felt himself seized from behind.
A powerful hand clutched his neck
and another hand sought his breast
But the cuptnia had not forgotten
ids lessons in the fencing-school. He
administered a back cut which made
Ida aggressor loose ids hold, and
turned round quickly to face the enemy. Tlie blow must have taken effect, for the thief staggered; but at
thiB moment two other rascals came
to the rescue, and the officer thought
it prudent to bent a retreat.
He was not pursued.
The next day this story was the
talk 01" the club. This time tliere
wus lio doubt on the subject; It waa
an organized night attack, and the
police, to whom the captain atuted
tlie facts, set vigorously to work.
One of the assailants must have
been badly wounded, for he had plentifully bathed the pavement of tiie quiet
Rue de Bourgogne with his blood ; by
the aid of this clue the chief of the
police was confident of laying his
hands on tlie gang. When a crime of
tlds kind is committed it is known
pretty nearly nmong whnt class of
criminals the guilty party Is to be
found, and a sword-wound does not
diaappear in one day.
But the lowest lodging-houses and
taverns were eenrched in vain; no
tidings were heard of a wounded mnn.
The band, it there had beea one, hnd
once more vanished like a. phantom.
There was nothing to connect this
attempted robbery with the very
probable death of Monsieur de Sleurac,
and yet the two adventures bore a
remarkable similarity to one another.
The captain who hud been so fortunately saved, and the young man who
hud so sndly disappeared, both carried about them a largo sum, and
botlt had Just beeu winolng largely
at baccarat. If the robbers were
aware ol tills circumstance, they must
have lind their information from some
one who had seen the game. Incredible as this supposition appeared, tiie
police, by nature mistrustful, deemed
it not unnecessary to conduct some
quiet Investigations nt the club. They
made inquiries as to the servants;
they watched them, aad they discovered absolutely nothing. Tlie solo result of all these efforts was a kind ol
general uneasiness at the club.
Mea looked at and observed
one another. Suspicion was in the
air. But a trifle sucli us this lind no
effect on the play.
Henri de Servon was away when
these singular events happened. After the revolution of February he had
left Paris to go and sell nn estate
in Brittany, nnd ho had lieen detained in tlie country much longer than
lie had foreseen.
He was at that time a mnn of
thirty, with all the faults and good
qualities ot tlie times and tlie society
in whicli he lived. Well-born, well-
educated, and sufficiently intelligent,
he had wasted all these advantages
in Gonsequence of an incurable frivolity and an immoderate tasto for an
hlin life. But for all that, although he had compromised ids fortune and wasted liis life, lie had not
become vicious. The rather vulgar indulgences which he practised
had list him into imprudences, had
caused hitn to cultivate dangerous relations, tint at least thoy had not
spoiletl Ids heart. The accident of
birth and his Burroundings hnd mude
of hla. what was then called a fast
At heart he wns curious and Inquisitive, mid Ills only real passion
was for the unknown. Lato events
had helped to wreck his already embarrassed means; he tun! prolonged
Ids stay In Brittany itv order to try
and remedy this to some extent, nnil
ho had returned to Paris with the
resolution to Isi economical and
Hlnco his return lie had even systematically abstained from setting a
foot in tlio club. One evening, however, disgusted nt a tedious perform-
unco which he had sat through at
some small theatre, ho took It Into
Ids bond to break tli rough the rule.
To ids great surprise ho found n
most animated group before the largo
fire in the l.'irge room.
It wns evident that some extraordinary event had lust tnken place.
Kvery one wns talking at once. Henri
de Servon could make nothing ot the
conversation at first, but he finally
caught a few disjointed sentences.
" Poor    baron!''     suid one.     "Its
really too hard on him.    utter winning a good stake fort once In a way."
"They say lie's very III."
"From blowa or Irom fright?'"
" Thnt  which  must vex him  moat
Is   that  tho doctor lirus put him  on
low diet until further orders."
They were evidently talking about
tho liaron do Saint-Man irier, a ridiculous Individual, woll k own to Servon, and an assiduous frequenter of
the club, where his gluttony had ac-
mated of tho group cried:
"Then a good plan would be to begin a game for high stakes, with tills
stipulation, that the winners shall re
turn homo ou foot. We shall see
whether the gung is well informed.**'
Tlio proposul was enthusiastically
Servon, wlio hnd no desire to Hike
any part in the proeecdings, ended by
letting himself 1*0 tempted, promising
himself at tlio same time, to play a
very cautious game. itut one high
player is often enougli to affect a
game, und oa that cveaing tliere wub
one present who wna- quite capable
of causing the stakes to run very high
indeed. He was a foreigner and hud
only been a member ol the club tor a
few months. His name wus Monsieur
de Paucorvo. and it was said that he
was charged with a mission from
some South Americaa Republic. He
passed for being very rich, lived
In great style, played very high,
and very luckily spoke French
purely, and waa a perfect master
of good manners, a rare quality
amongst the citizens born ln the
neighborhood of tho Equator.
In physique ho wna what might be
called a fine man. Tall, wiry, broad-
shouldered, he ttppeared to be gllted
with uncommon strength, ln spite ol
ids acre, which waa evidently nearly
fifty. Hia features were regular and
his eyes remarkably lively and Intelligent.
Ho was very well liked, although
he very often won, 11 circumstance
wliich ae a rule does not obtain a
mint much sympathy in u club.
Servon, on his part, felt a certain
repulsion for him, whicli, however,
wna not sufficient to prevent him
from Indulging in that amount of Intimacy which is the current coin of
club life, and whicli carries alwolute-
ly no further responsibility with It.
He had often played with Monsieur
do Puncorvo, and it had even cost
him protty dear, tor tlie foreigner
played all games equally well and was
as lucky as skilful.
Oa the evening of tlie game which
they christened on the apot "the
baron's game," in honor of the unfortunate Saint-Mandrlcr'a mlsadad-
venturo, luck favored Servon trom
the very commencement und remained faithful to him till the end. About
four o'clock In the morning he hnd
won sixty-five thousand francs.
(To bo Continued.)
Mri. Geo. .Ki-lilce, Wire of a Well-Known
Contractor, ut IterllD, \VhmI���,1 Almost
to a Skeleton���Eight Yearn a sufferer
from Kxtrente NcrvoiiHuerm and Cured
by South American Nervlno.
OR a period of eight
years Mrs. Geo. Schloe,
wife of one of the beet
known citizens of Berlin, a. prominent con-
factor, knew little of
the joys ol good
health. For this long
term she won un invalid, unable to attend her household
duties, and at times confined to her
Allowing tliis lady to diagnose her
own case ��� "I always felt weak and
tired, and at night I couid not rest
on nccount of nervousness, which
mnde my life miserable, und my body
became wasted almost to a skeleton.
Friends despaired ol my ever getting
strong ugnin. During nil this time I
doctored, und took several patent
medicines. Somo doctora claimed it to
bo womb troublo, and deaired to perform an operation. I wne induced by
u local druggist to try South American. Nervine, and the tirst bottle
gave me great relief. I have takea
in all eight bottles, and aai now completely well, and I always keep a bottle on hand, ns I believe It to be tlie
licat medicine ever put on tlie mnr-
Running nil risk of reiteration, for
this is a case where tlie grand truths
of whnt South American Nervine will
do can not bo too often told, the
fact tliut this remedy strengthens ut
tlie none centres, from which point
flows the life blood of tho system, is
tlio real secret of tlio murvellous success thnt attends Its use. It does not
atop at removing disease und wiping
out nervous trouble*,. It Is a great
health builder und flesh builder, nnd
men and wonion who knew not robust
health before enjoy nil theso pleasures
nfter having takon this medicine.
Schoolmistress (just beginning n nice
improving lesson upon minerals to the
Juniors)���Now, what are tlie principal things we get out.*of tlie earth?
Yonthltil Angler (aged -1. confidently)
Constipation causes more than half
the ills of women. Karl's Hover Knot
Tea is a plcaannt cure for Constipation. __	
Imprisonment for debt seems to lie
becoming common once more in England, especially iu the mining nnd
manufacturing districts, 7,02.3 persons
having boen Bent to Jaii for tliut cause
in 1894, whilo 7,775 wore sentenced
for all varieties of crime.
Aak your physician, your druggist
and your friends aiioiit Shlloh's Oure
for Consumption. They will recommend it. THE WfefcKLV NEWS, JAN. _4, i___
THB IMLI SEWS     mum shop
Published ffcvery Tuesday
At Union, B. C.
M Whitney Editor
Ot  __**VAWC��.
*u lett  *100
��tt Kteatkt ...  - 1 ��
-Xante)* Com���-.   0 0>
tfW��*��eUp��rr��M. $��8M
���   ��� taesth       lie
aishthc-tl  iwryear    8500
Inns, ..    ��><��
ft.ek, .. Has           00)0
i-setl aotiMt.pM liaa         SO
Notices   af Births,   Marriages   snd
Deaths, S* c<*>t* tat***1 insertion.
Ne AdvsttUnwat inserted for lest than
Tuesday, JAN. 14,
tt is pleasant to know that the business
.dement of both Great Britain and the
United States, repudiate the idea of wir,
and that all the jingo talk comes from
the politicians. Tlte great commercial
bodies of New Vork and London, have
already pasted resolntions deploring any
interruption of the friendly relations, and
tbey reflect tbe almost universal sentiment of the people
We do not look upon the trouble in
Ik: Transvaal, as serious. The invasion
of Ihe little republic by a few hundred
freebooters, appears to have been unauthorized and has been repudiated bv
the British government. Thc leaders of
the misguided men will have to suffer
punishment for their crime against pres!
dent Kruger's ten dory. That is about
nil there is of it.
It it supposed that Mr. Justice Crease,
having been knighted, will retire at once
from the bench. We think tlie Queen
has been badly advised in this case, and
lhat a proper respect for public opinion
���hould have prevented the bestowal of
honor not fully merited. The govern.
ment owed it to itself and the people,
that the charges preferred against him
by Mr. Russell, should be investigated.
At it is, he retires under a cloud, which
ne knightly honor will remove.
In the outline of the proposed tariff
legislation in the American Congress
there is no reference made to coal, and
it it therefore probable that thc present
duty of 40 cents per ton, will be allowed
to remain, witb thc addition of the hori-
fonlal advance of about 15 per cent
placed upon Ihe present Wilson schedule
of all articles. Wool ts pretty sure to be
laken from the free list and protected
with a moderate tariff. It is hoped in
thit way lo meet the present excess of
expenditure over the income by an increase of revenue from customs' duties.
v The Manitoba school question is troub-
^ti ling Ihe Conservative party, as being
'* /responsible for the introduction of suit*
���aj-le remedial legislation. The resignation of many ol the cabinet ministers,
ebewe that on thit question, party lines
will lot be adhered to. Perhaps we mav
learn by Wednesday's steamer the exact
aatare of the proposed legislation. It is
���aft to lay that the public school system
trill not be disturbed, and equally certain
that in attempt will be made to protect
Saint Boniface, which has proven so useful and beneficent an institution. The
people will soon be called upnn to decide
���nd while tome may be'governed by
prejudice, it cannot be doubted lhat the
great body of the people can be trusted
to act wit-sly and justly.
Tender* will be received for the purchase of the Hetherington farm, being
tot No. 107 on the official map of Comox
containing about aoo acres more or less;
���bout 110 acres are under cultivation nnd
well fenced, with building and orchard,
Coal rights included, alsn about 300
acres adjoining. The farm can be
divided to tuit purchasers
Parties tendering will state whethe
for thc whole 400 acres nr for  the  300
news of cleared land or part of it.
Tender! to be mailed to
Feb, 8th, 1896.
By order of THE EXECUTORS.
Person! using the males and horses of
the Union Colliery  Co. without permit*
t'on witt he prosecuted according to taw,
F.D. Little, Supt.
Having taken this house, except the
bar, I shall he pleased to raceme the
patronage of thc public.
Board per cytttK, ������ J$.
.Sifisrk meals ��� *; ccms.^
f. J. .iTervy.
I haVe opened a Harness
Shop in building corner 3rd st
and Dunsmuir Ave, Union,
opposite to the The News,
where I will keep in stock and
make to order'all kinds of harnesses and everything in my
line at reasonable prices. Also will neatly and promptly clo
repairing, and carriage trimming.
The patronage of the public
is respectfully solicited.
Wesley Willard
Notary Public.
Agent, tor the Alliance Fire
Insurance company ol Lon
don- and  tbe Phoenix of
Agent for the Provincial
Building and Loan Association ot Toronto	
Union, B. C.
Miss B B. Williams,
Teacher of Music,  Shorthand
and Typewriting
Pupils can have free uae of Typewriter
and Piano for practice.
Office Kooiu 1, Mel'hee ft Moore B'ld'a owl ut
P. 0. MUWSB   18.
1 F. (
Curran |
Gurnsey Tilden
Stoves, everywhere famous,
Tin work
Sheet-iron work
Job work
Onmlerlantl Hotel,
Union, B. C.
The finest hotel building
Fixtures and Bar
North of Victoria,
And the best kept house.
Spacious Billiard Room
and new
Billiard and Pool Tables
Best of Wines and Liquors.
J. Ptkot, Prop.
All persons driving over the wharf or
orid_cs in Comox district lastsr than a
walk, will be prosecuted according 10
S. Creech,
Gov. Agent.
Any person or persons destroying or
withholding thc kegs and barrels nf the
Union Brewery Company Ltd of Nanai*
inn, will be prosecuted. A liberal rewind
-.ill lie paid for information leadinK to
W, E. Norris, Sec'y
We have nearly all our New Fall and Winter stuffs in Stock
Don't you make a purchase without first taking a look through our
We mean to do the business this fall and have marked the goods
to sell. Drop in anyhow, when in Nanaimo. We will be more than
pleased to show you our stock whether you are buying or not.
49 Commercial treet SLOAN uf SCOTT. Nanaimo, B. C.
  UNION   BRICK   YARD   B.  0. --
Manufacturers of Handmade  Sand   Stock  Bricks.
Special   Patterns Now On  Hand  For Chimney  He-ids,  Cornices Klc
capital, tBQo.eor*.
Inoorporatcd 1803.
ifiijj Good* T-oustM
ni ,7..;. rifrlit out; mi tsotu-
%^sti n*i��**"*h>ii ctmrg-^iL.
rlSsS    lp**rs**sloeHon;*m.
ffljSEg' u.ti-li****�� ir-st'ii'i-.-'.
_Wt\    *Si'l;*l��.rp.��->B��Iat-
&q_N_)< ntKl.ml   ireo  upon
_&,;*��� on   turi   "
othflT   ;,'OOJ*l     ��c
-���h'i (llm,
Jas. MoMillan & Co.
Cor.tr re. Bottim-.*. tttfl.
FlrcJ Ave. Nwtit, MlflNEAfGLlS, MINN.
IJU.v **t*_ w i">. i
CHICAGO, UL.     I    VICTORIA, *. C.    I WIHK1PF.8, WAN.
I        ft.*; VhnrfSt. I    2.1* King 8t,
Drs  Lawrence & Westwood,
Physicians and surgeons.
We have appointed Mr. Jatr.es Abrams our collector until turtnrr notice, to whom all overdue accounts
"*ay be paid.
7 Nox. 1895.
Society    Cards
1.0. C. F., No. II
Union I-ndgc, I. O. 0. F., meets every
Friday night at 8 o'clock. Visiting brethren cordially invited te attend.
Wm. Anthony, R. S.
Hiram Looge No 14 A.F ._��� A.M.,li.C.R
Courtenay I). C.
Lodge meets on evety Saturday on or
before the full of the moon
Visiting Brothers   cordially requested
to nttend.
R. S. McConnell,
Loyal Sunbeam Lodse No. too, C, 0.
0. F.', meet in theii lodge room over
McPhee's store, Courtenay, every second
Saturday at 3 p. tn. Visiting brethren
cordially invited to attend.
J. M. Fulton, Sec
Cumberland Encampment.
No. 6, 1. 0. 0. F.,  Union.
Meets first and third Wedncscays of
each month at 8 o'clock p. m. Visiting
brethren cordially invited to attend.
Wm. Anthony, Scribe.
Nelson Camp Nn, 51 ofthe Canadian
Order of the Woodmen of the World
meets every other Monday even
mg at 8 p.m. in Odd Fellows Hall, over
Leiser's store. Visiting neighbours cordially invited to nttend.
Ceo. Hull, Secretary.
Kanaimo Saw 111.
Stub and Boor
IP. a Drawer JG. Telephone Call, l-B
K"9* A complete stock of Rough and
Dressed Lumber always on hand.   Also
Shingles, laths, Pickets, Doors, Windows and Blinds.   Moulding, Scroll
Sawing, Turning, ;,nd all kinds
nf wood finishing furnished.
Cedar. White Pi tic.  Redwood.
*   1��*
*__wm ti��SB��&i
���   ������..*_*���������____���_���__-��������������� ���,���������.���.-.���-.     - . .*i -.'..-'   _
Esquimalt  and Nanaimo  Ry.
Steamer Jo in
On and after Mar. 22nd, 1893
The Steamer JOAN will soil as follows
and freight may offer
Leu .0 Victoria, Tuesday, 7 a, m.
" Nanaimo for Coniox, Wednesday, 7 ��.ra
Loavo Comox for Nanuimo,       Fridays. 7 a.m.
"     Nanaimo for Viotoria   Saturdoy, 7 a.m
For freight or state rooms apply on
board, or at the Company's ticket office,
Victoria Station, Store street.
Esquimalt & Nanaimo R'y
Time  Table  No.   25,
To tako effect at. 8 am ea Monday, 0*tob"r
28 18113.   Trail's run on 1'uolflu .-t.iiulard timo.
I Dally. 1 Sat'dy.
Victoria for Nanaimo and 1 a. m. I r. m.
Wellington  1  8.0�� 1   S.'.*u
Nanaimo  1   11.(0 I   0 38
Wellington 1 M.00 1 0.65
Wellington for Victoria
Nanaimo for Viotoria...
A M   1   P M
Daily. I SutViy.
1.30   1   3.30
810    1   3.15
13.20      7,110
For rates and information apply nt Com-
|ii*.,iy'�� offices,
President. Gen'l Supt
11. k. prior,
Gnu. Freight and Passenger Agt.
~< Ja. E-M
Lowest CASH Price
Riverside Hotels
Courtenay, B.C.
Geo. Dunbar, Prop
Best of Liquors
Finest of Cigars
Good Table
Courteous Attention
The Famous
364 & 300 Ht James St
To order
���tarS-rnd fnr Summon,   Prr.iupi delivery.   Vex
toot tit KUAlUlltl't'l.
Union Saw illill.
All Kinds of Rough an.
Dressed lumber always or
hand and delivered at short ni
Also all kinds of sawn and
split shingles and dressed pine
and cedar.
Stumping done at reasonable
rates by our Giant Stumper.
Coal, brick and lime on
hand and delivered at short
R.Grant & L. Mounce, Froprs.
l -.***&��,_ '     "S.
I wn prepared to
furnish Stylish Rigs
and do Teaming
At reasonablei-r'|A*.
D.KUpatrlck, ���
Union, B.C.
**=WU5*i>S*_' ^V THE WEEKLY NEWS, JAN. _4, 1896.
Iniiipeg to Hew York
Tha Hev. Tt. Mclntyre Gives Quite a
Description ot His Travels, and
alio bis Trip Across the Atlantic
Ocean. _
After s weak*! stay at home I again re-
anrufd my journey. Met Mm. Rowe in
Winnipeg and on Oot. 21st took train for
Kew York by way of Montreal. The dny
wat wet and dtiagreeablu hot towards night
it turned to sao-v w& soon the ground wan
white. The eoenery on the east of Winnipeg ii not very attractive uutil we
letobed Rat Portage* Here tbe eye ia attracted by beautiful lakes and sublim**
mountains. Now we're in thu Province of
Ontario and ft change may be looked for
Wtule enjoy mg tbe wild grandeur of thin
plaoe night oame on and we had to content
uuiselv-dd w ith wbftt we had teen. Through
the night doubtless we had iia-md si-mc
btautifm suentry but of that we uaiiho'
speak, uuiu 6 3U a. in. -alien ae arrive m
Fort William ttwre we lUyed 20 mn
utea tor bie��ki&>t Ttur-u w: r* quite a
humber of tough uhtraet-ers in waning foi
their meal. Many rough jokes passed bo
tweeu tiieoi, but aU bordering on the ridiculous aud tar from the sublime. However
our stay here was not long and oa wo Jwent
to Port Arthur, ft distance ot a few unlet.
This town presents rather ft picturesque
appearance. To the right of the towu and
�� short distance in Luke Supt.) ior ia to be
eeen an island called the Si-epiug Giant.
Th a islaud recieved its namo fr-m ltd man
like appearance. Its surface, as far as 1
could see, was covered with soin.i, whitened
with snow. Had the pleasure hereof meet*
iug two students���one from my old <-oU��ge
iu Manitoba*, the other from Montreal.
My Muitobi-w iriend hud to leave iu tbe
course of two home but you may depuud on
it. that these hours w--re well occupied.
The Moulrenl atudent Htavc* Witu uid uutil wituiu 1ml' au hour'-* nt-e of tbu oity.
After leaving Pert Oalduell wc aaw *.oii>6
Ij.i-.L-i.-* ijTuvti.-- beAutifully hied wttii oauvaa,
Here al .to wt_ got   ihr-   b^at   view   of   lake
Superior* uuiinpedad   bj   iikiula      Ma<tv
little ti>w<is Wefp passed after  this bat  ail
pi t-iiy mftoh   ttie   bumc   with   very   little
striking iu their appearauce.     Still plenty
of suuw aud scrub all aloug until we arrived
ai-Otter.   Here again1 the night   overtook
us.   Nothing to be seen without bnt plainly
to be heard within���"Howling iu liouie."
The ohildren are going to bed.     We were
fortunate while travelling from  Union  to
Winnipeg in that respect, but the two night**
on  the w,-y to Montreal nude 1 p for auy
1>hm of muslo we sustaiued dbnug  that part
of the journey,   Iu  the  morning I  woe
awakened   by the  infantile   orchestra   and
must churning were the strainn wbioh  pro
ceedod thetefrem.    Lifted   tho shutters of
the window aud saw the riling sun in all its
beauty casting its beautiful rays over a plac
id lake  just before wo came to "Sturgeon
Falls."   Her theO. P. U line traverses a
comparatively wild  regit-*', ubi-re   forests,
uetMiows,   Ukes,   rooky jt Iges alteruate.
Cne suenery is   striking  aud  extremely
interesting.    -Soon we oame to  WortU Ba>
w hivb is a di-rUioual poiut where many ol our
Jiassengefs   left ue,    Thu   to>va  presents a
M-ry turiviug appteranct.   It is situated on
Xitse Nipissmg, an extensive uud beautiful
eoeet ot v-a-tr with   foie-ii  clad siiorus and
i-lauds.    Atier leaving a small town o-illed
Klttoks we raw  quite   ati exciting   aoene-M
Luuter   chasing a deer.    The mauouvering-j
if the pur-uer ond jurcued were really
iuiervsting.   We were out  ol  tight in a
few minutes and so did  not see the  result.
Another thiug which  drew my attention
after passing a station  called McKay was
the  tenoe  pickets.   The  grouud wes  s<��
stony that pickets had to be supported not
by the usual way of driving  them  in  thu
ground bnt of supporting thom above.    We
went along tbe Ottawa for some time   but
with a good deal ot   sameness   of  scenery,
'Tie  time  thit there are ft few nice towns
along the river such as Pembroke end Renfrew and others that are  quite  attractive.
Shortly before coming to Renfrew ws saw
some beautiful  terms and  bnok  houses
which wonld indicate that the farming population ef tbat neighborhood  is  generally
above the average circumstance of life.    We
reaohed Ottawa at 4 30 p. m. oud stayed a
few minutes-   After leaviutc we got a good
view of the Parliament Hill whioh was really
beautiful.   The sun wae shining on the windows making them appear as it  they were
���bests of fire.   Philosophers tell  us  that
thai whioh gives most pleasure must neoese-
anly be of short  duration aud so with this
beautiful soeue.   We a-e hurried away from
it through space and see less pleasant views
which I ma-it not linger on.   Night comes ou
again and with the  exception! of  en  old
Freuehman at the station  we saw nothing.
But this ii not to be a night on the train
(or we ��re nearing Montreal and about 8.30
we ere landed in aafety.   Then there is a
rush, bat I must not rash for andor my pro*
lection are the tender and tbe helpless.
With one of the  little ones in my arms
and satchel  in  my  hand,   we wind our
way through the  moving mass of people
until we  reaehedthe waiting room.   Soon
I hailed ft porter and  made  arrangements
for aoeommodations for tbe night.  Satchels,
bandings and etc.were taken into tbe hotel
in safety and tha luggage transfo red to the
New York Oei-tral, and so we rated for the
night.   Stayed in  Montreal  all next  day
and took is the sights.   Went over to col-
legs and met aay friend Mr. B.  Smith wbo
was good onongn to take me tr.rough  the
prineipil places uf  interest.   Saw tne museum with all ito wonders, library with its
books, sew and old.meohanio shops and
other    places too numerous to mention.
After seeing the sights we hid dinner in
tha college dining room, immediately after
wbioh my name was called on for a speech.
I wonld almoet aa aooa have gone without
my dinner as give a speech  at that particular time* bat my friend, Smith, told ma ou
the side, that it wu customary, So 1 go. up
and amused the boya for a few miimtas by
relating to them aome of my traveling ex*
penenees.   After dinner I had tbe plejuure
of listeniag ts a very able lecture by Prof.
MeVioare* tho   -'Holy  Spirit".   Then 1
went with Mr. Pack, a Mauitobiaa  f r 'ur.il
aud cHinbee. tbe mount ttio,    named M->uii;
Royal, which overlooks the ni Ly. Frum thia
airy height we were able to ate  the  whu In
expanse of the city and many steamers plying on the river St. Lawrence.   I oame down
tbe mountain on the  elevated (mountain)
railway whfah It a wonderful work of ho.
man ingenuity. Again we took the tram,
-from Montreal to New York, about 0.20 p.
m. ftnd landed there at 6 a. m. I stayed
here all day aod uighc, daring which time 1
visited utauy places of imare-'C such aB Ceu
tral Park, Brooklyn Bridge, steamships
dock, eto. I wns uot *.. fortunate in
striking ^ood aoeommodations here us iu
Montreal or eUe-aheie. ln popular ian-*-
nuge I might truly sn*, I stinuk ft suag. My
door was tried -several times through tho
night*, bnt fortunely in tbe abseuoe of a key
I put my bed against it so it couid uot be
opened without awakening the occupant,
So you may be sure I spout rather an uncomfortable night, like ths just muu
sleeping with one eye half open; aud so ended my loud journey.
Saturday morning wu fair and beautiful.
The sun was   shining   brightly.    People
are streaming to tht* dook   uf the   Cunard
Liner, where lies at rest the   majestic  and
stately Campaguia.    Our tickets are marked
and baggage uieutiticd   uud ou we go   from
"terra   firma"   to that   which shall aoun
ti e us to the reitUa-i oceau.     It is now 9
a, 111.* the lit.*ap hy wi-iuii f>aseugers ur-* requested <o bt- 0 < b lard     ���>*'�� hum   up out*
Ut-rthd  ant)   ti....     li. ui   v --.f-.r-.sbte   iit.e
���ji.hx'ii.    r*-t-   iu .in dm -sight* uu board u-t*
fore she Ielt ttie t-arboi and every thi.g *a*
iu   the   iinuit ot shapes; iu fact   bhe   w*��
something   like a  Hoitiug   i-otel    Before
leaving port the Uuibtia caine in; there was
the usual waviug uf handkerchiefs and hap
py smiles.   But wheu thu Campngnia left it
woe almost au opposite scene;   iustead of
smiles it wu   team; instead of joy   it   was
grief.   I think I  was one of tbe most fortunate, ou board or iu the harbour; no one died fur mo nor I (or them.   But human nature
was ouly expressing itself tn its most natural lor.n aud reminding us of what we have
uftei, felt, thatpartiug with those whom we
love aud respect is one ot the most disgree*
ablo ihixigs iu   life - In a lew minutes this
i.i i'.lt over aud now our aitontiou id Litrued
towards the last panning m-fbia.    Mauy vessels plying to u-'ii tro -.sir's be-iutifut to li.uk
upon.    With   SUten   Inland to   the right,
aud B.-6-.-kJyn to the left, the sea miuister*
spud a'on-4.    Iu   two   hmin** time we   io*.
sjghli ot laud aud  now   we must amuse the
eyt.s by whu wu see ou board,    lhe   mon*.
iiiiuial thing theu is   co sixi up the p.iaaun
gem.    We had   119 in   our   departuieut of 1
the ship; represeuLiug n.auy uf tbe different
occupations of life.    There were two ��pia- |
copuliau   ministers, two Presbyterians aud
one R. C.   priest.   Two artists, oue going
to Germany tbu other to France.   Tue rest
of the paat-eiif-er* belonged to Kngland and
were going home.   The tirst day at sea pass
ed rather slow and dull.   People  had uot
yet begnn  to make   themselves sociable.
Beside this, some  of them (myself included) were gettiog to feel uncomfortable, although the sea  wu perfectly smooth .   I
went down to my room aud vomited, came
up on deck  again  and felt u well as ever.
After   this short experienoe  of sea sickness
wu  over I stood the  journey   very   aoil.
Mrs Rowe and children were ft little sick
but nothing to speak   of,   beiug alway present at meal times.   The   first   day passed
slowly as 1 bave said, aud towards night we
were made sad by the   news  that ft young
lady ofonr number had died.   After inquiry
1 touud tbat she   had boen a  sufferer from
that dread disease, consumption; wu going
heme to   ber nativo   land to die.    Further
sue had no person to comfort her in ber dying hours, bat aloue in ft strange plao * with
no butter hopes tor hur morul remains tbau
a watery   grave, ihe panned silently away.
The funeral   took   place  next  morning,
whioh wad Sunday aim it  wu both solemn
aud impressive.    About 11 o'clock   we had
service and many took advantage of it,
The afternoon wu spent singing hymns
and waUiug the deck.   It wu rather an
eventful day.   Soon   niter the tuneral  we
saw three shoals of wnales, one shoal of
sea pigs, and sevtral sailing   vessels   sud
steftuislupu.     But about  10 o'clock came
tno exciting  scene���a   burning ship at sea 1
Rocuets were tired, life boats were mann- !
ed and every thing in readiue��s in older to
help the unfortunate.   But as we , oame
aloug side of the sad sight, with huge flames
climbing up the mut, no human being couid
be seen.   They were either picked up by ft
putting ship or left to the mercy of the
merciless sea ftnd probably lost; so puaed
the first Sabbath on the ocean.    We bad a
direct head wind all tha way but not with
standing this wo made an average of about
500 miles a day.   Scarcely a day passes
without seeing a steamer or vessel, hta-Jiug
for   some   unknown   port.   The   eveuiugs
were generally passed in singing aud liBten-
ening to   instrumental   music.    After   we
were a few days at son we   beoume well acquainted   and rather a sociable set.   It is
a difficult matter to read on board u there
is a ounstant jar so  that talking is  more
attractive.   There ia a tendency too of be*
coming lick if one sits away from tbe fresh
air.   Some mornings when  we  got up for
breakfast tbe  sea wu just like glus   and
beautiful to look upou.   But it wu not all
plain sailing.   During Thursday night the
wind rose aod the sea became greatly tronb-
lid and we were then truly "rooked in the i
cradle of the deep,"   The wind  and the:
waves continued   boisterous until we came
within two honrs of Liverpool.   Our Irish ]
pis.enjers were landed at Queenstown but i
the storm did net abate as some of oor paw* |
angers thought they were the Jonahs 00
board.   About 8 p.m. on Friday we landed ,
in Liverpool' bsing 6 days at sea.   It took 1
about   three hoars and ft hftlf before we
oould get evorything through the customs.
Thus the old land is reaohed ftnd the At* :
lactic ocean rolls between ns now.    Wishing yon all a merry Xmu and a happy New
lam, Yours t-nly
D. Mclntyre.
Investment security  Savings Co.
Advances   money for Building.
Manager for Nanaimo,   Wellington
and   Cumberland.
Head office, Commercial Street Nanaimo, 11. C.
Miss Leigh*Spencer visits Union from
this date on every boat succeeding payday, for collecting dues, and advancing
the Company's business. Parties call at
Cumberland Club
Directors Meeting following Thursday
evening at 7.30.
Fire,   Life,   Accident   Ineurance,
Beal Estate.
Union Mines
Furniture   Store
A  Full Line of Everything
Including Curtains, Carpets
and   Rugs,  and  our
woven wire
Will handle all kinds of goods,
farmers Produce
Give us a call
Jk. par e
xmrxoxT, b o.
ive keep
Weconduct every branch of the
Undertaking  Business   including
Embalming, and keep all necessa
ry supplies
Grant & McGregor
H, J. Ttotalii,
Paper-Hanging, Kalsomining
and Decorating.
All orders Promptly Attended to
Union, B. G.
We the undersigned hereby authorize
John Uruce to collect all accounts due the
estate of Robert Graham.
R. Grant")
H. Hamburger > Trustees.
I have moved inio my new shop on
First St. next tothe Customs off.ee, where
I am prepared to manufacture and repair
all kinds of men's, women's, and children's
shoes'.   Give mc a call.
Nelson Parks.
*=^��3SE*3*_gi_ V-i   ���
1 will sell off my goods���
Everything for next 30 days
_��__,They must Go
Take them at your own prices
Puntiedge Bottling Works.
DAVID JONES, Proprietor,
         MANUFACTURER OF        	
Sarsaparalla, Champagne Cider, Iron Phosphates and Syrups.
Bottler of Different Branda of   Lager Beer,  Steam Beer and Porter
Agent for thu Union Brewery Company.
Stage and Livery
COU-R.TEisTA.'X', B. C.
Fine Rigs at Reasonable Rates Always on Hand.
.'.  Teaming Promptly Done, .',
Going ping _
Lucky Person
Get in the line of the
Procession if you
T. D. McLean
���.J~)~T~~j~~1 ���-
���0*NIO*��Tt S. C.
Watchmaker and Jeweler
General worker in Metals
Jobbing ol all kinds
Office and Works
���crnoN a. c.
Thtnl Btrt-trt, 1
Kiwu o*ee.
The modern standard Family Medicine : Cures tbe
common every-day
ills of humanity.
��� ���'...- M
I presume we have nsed orer
��� one   hundred  bottles of Piso's
_____       Cure  for Consumption in my
family, and   I   am  continually   advising others
to get it.   Undoubtedly it is the
I ever nsed.���~. 0. Miltekiibeoto, Clarion, Pa.,
Dee. 29,1894. I sell Piso's Cure for Consump
tion, and never have any eom-
Shunts.���B. Biobit, Postmaster,
horsy, Kansas, Deo. 21st, 1894.
Wall Paper
Paint Store
��� AND ���
Tinting and
A Specialty
All   orders promptly attended to.
Old Drug Store. Union, B. C.
H. A. Simpson
Barrister & solicitor. No's a & 4
Commercial Street.
XTjutr.o.x-t'Eo,  s. c.
J. A. Carthew
-j-wioiT, d. c.
Nanaimo Cigar Factory
Phillip Gable and Co., Prop's
Bastion Street    ���    Nanaimo B. 0.
Manufcrturcs ttie finest cigars and
employes none but white labor.
Why purchase inferior foreign cigars
when you enn obtain a superior article foi the ijnie money FARM AND_QARDEN.
The inability of ulfaltu, to resist
drouth ut the first titugen ol its
growth is a great drawback to tlie
cultivation 01 this valuable grass. It
needs plenty 01 water to give it a
start, but, alter that, its routs will
penetrate the ground 20 or 30 feet
in search 01 water, and these roots
wilt supply all the needs of the crops.
Tlte uifect of long manure depends
botii upon the buasun aud the application, it ploughed under, in a dry Bea-
Hon, the crop may be damaged, but
if ��� the same manure is spread upou
the top alter the erop bus Ikuii
planted, tu nerve as a muleli, there
will be a better erop aud a better re-
Histenee tu  tbe drouth.
Then* is uo longer Question as to
renewing ���*������_**. d. Oram will show a
graduahy weaker vitality, uud its lhe
must be renewed. Renewals iroui the
same parallels are not usually sinfi-
eieut, hut should ciune from a location
having dhferent climatic conditionsj
usually irom the north. The satuesLed
shoulu nut, be usod ou the wheat nor
out, Held for more than vhree (-successive seasons.
'If winter dairying and market gardening be combined, nhe two departments will keep tlie handa busy ail the
year, and the labor bj must econonilc-
ally handled. Upon rich garden spots
heuvy second crops 01 turnips and cabbage cun be grown to heip out tlie
winter leedlng, while rye in the vacant places will give un early bite
of pasture.
Near the top of the routs of the
sugar beet lixtle bud.**, appear, whicli
are miniature plants, auu wiil produce
a peneet beet as surely as will the
seeds. Tne only object, iu planting
and cultivating tuese its tbat when a
beet oi any especial virtue as a sugar
producer is luuud, the same may be
perpetuated and improved. Experiments are making.
The subsoil is the stratum of
earth lying immediately beneath the
surface soil, and subsoil ploughing is
stirring the soil to loosen it to an
additional depth without bringing it
to tbe surface. Usually this has required a second plough to follow the
first, but our manufacturers will
come to the rescue, now that this
procedure is no longer an experiment,
but essential to good crops in many
parts of the country.
The closer the competition the letter should be the system 01 fanning
followed, Present    small    proiits
urge better management; and only
with good management is it possible
to procure eveu a fair per cunt, of
proiit. either with the crops or with
stock. Because things are cheap
we cannot afford to be careless, aud
tbat farm pays best where the details
are looked after  most closely.
That man who under the present
condition of things eau make farming a success could be successful in
almost auy lino of business. That
theory has beeu long exploded tbat
almost anybody can farm, it is absolutely necessary that the thrifty
farmer should be a good business
man, for failure lu nearly every case
comes from lack of good business
liorse breeders need not be alarmed by the Incoming of electric carriages. Tliey are not yet a success,
and are a very expensive luxury.
The running of tbem will cost much ;
nor can they bo successfully used upou
roada which aro hilly, muddy, frozen
nr rough.
Betting and gambling were barred
|t the pacing and trotting races in
Washington Park, In Chicago, this
lail. and It Is certainly encouraging
to note thnt these affairs were a de-
elded success, notwithstanding the
Croakers, Horses went upon their
uerits, without any bets to control
their speed. Tbe attendance was
arge, and not of the usual rowdy
Horses may not reach the boom
prices of former times, but they will
soon certainly bring better prices
than they have in the recent past.
The low prices which have prevailed
have sent many out of the business
of raising them, and, as every one
must see, a scarcity must follow. To
meet this scarcity breeders should be
ut work.
Train the motions of thy young
horws With him the walk is tlie
foundation of all other gaits, and
wit-bout l. irglnning at its foundation
all futuro developments will bo un-
Katisfactory. A slow wnlkf-r in the
wagon or tlm plough is a worse pos-
Kosision than an Indolent farm band.
It Ih not likely that the time .will
4'ver come when a monarch will offer
h\\i kingdom for a bicycle, as did King
Illchard onco to give his for a horse.
It costs moro to keep la bicycle than
to toed a horse; tlm owner of the
latter ban that which will most pro-
tnote good health ; the one in useful
abont two yours, the othor ton;
there Is no plejisim* In caressing a
bicycle, while an intelligent horse
appreciates  every   kindness.
The rcKults from numerous sales
held In different parte of the country
show that piirchuHerH of fine horses
are not paying much tor mere pedigree. Descendant,** of noted animals
sell for very low prices. Lll-oral payers wll! not give the prices for horses
which nro merely promising, but demand nuch as have demonstrated their
ability by actual perFonuances.
The ohl horse which has rendered
long and faithful Borvice should not
Vie so.d to be traded about by jockey**,
nor to Ito kept half -starved nnd overworked by some one who cannot afford a good horse nor decently feed
a poor one. If you can not afford *to
keep him longer, havo him killed In
the most merciful manner possible,
and  give him   a decent grave. *
Everybody is set grumbling by the
" wheel." The liveryman is affected by the hard times, and curses
Lhe bicycle and electricity ; tho tohnc-
10 dealers say the riders upon thom
nave loss chance to smoke; the saloon
keeper says men drink Ice**.. Kven the
Hectrlc car would pick n crow with
the wheel, believing It cuts down its
dividends ; but the railway did not
neither will tho electric, car nor the
bclyclo stop the increase in the number of horses for tho road, the -,city
or tbe fnrm. The good creature Is.
yet the pride of all nations.
Unless making a specialty, of early
lambs for the market, there is no
object in having tbem come before
fVpril, By that time the weather i-s
warmer, the grass has started and the
conditions oi growth are more favor-
able iu every wuy; and, as with all
young stuck, it is quite an Item to
procure a strong, vigorous growth
from the start.
Keep only the ewes; sell off all the ,
wethers as soon as in a marketable
condition. With the average farmer, ,
who is keeping only a small number
of sheep, the increase Is largely the
source of profit. Market, toy, the
scrnb ewes. Bo nut keep too many,
but keeii well.
Nut for a long time have sher-p been
culled as closely as they now are.
From this a benefit will arise in two.
ways���there la a decided improvement
in quality- and the smaller number
will enhance the chance for a profit,
Even now real good sheep pay, and
the prospects are bright for a better
profit another season.
There is no other farm stock so profitable as sheep for the amount of
money and care Involved, excepting,
perhaps, poultry, and none so acceptable lor domestic consumption.
Were It not for the multitude ol dogs
which roam abroad ia all places,
sheep would be kept everywhere in
small flocks, as they were a generation ago.
A fowl provides un excellent meal
for a family, but only one, while a
lamb would supply them a week, and
be a decided change from the staple I
provision of sblemeat or ham for the
farmer's table. This view of tlie
sheep question is not to be despised,
and should be of significant interest
to the provident housewife.
On low, wet land there is little use
attempting sheep, as disease will al-
most sur -dy appear and make the ven- 1
ture unprofitable.  On large ranges of
cheap binds, whether of tlie prairies
of the west or the bills of the east ',
and south, there is no   other   stook j
which will so fully utilize the acres, 1
ur make so good a return.
The farmer who has neglected his
lambs will want to sell thorn at the
approach of winter. Extra food would
have fitted them before that time, and
they would have brought a letter
price, as the market is not then
overstocked by those who must sell.
Keep up the infusion of young blood,
for this will steadily enhance the
value of the flock. Sheep growers
will find it a good rule to sell at least
ten per cent, of thc oldest sheep
overy year, and retain the same proportion of the ewe lambs; and Im
careful lest there be too much Inbreeding.
It Is not wise to dispose ol the flock
just because grain is high in price. At
such times few are feeding, and fat
sheep will bring enough extra price
to ii good profit over the Increased
cost of grain; but. there must Ite
careful culling and generous feeding,
with all due economy.
li well established trees have not
grown well it may be a hint that a
top dressing would be beneficial to
them, and just now is the time to apply it, if not dono earlier in the fall;
and tho time is propitious for cutting
off shoots from stems IkjIow tho bead,
the tree having finished its growth
for the year.
In France copperas has been tried
upon yellowing grape vines, and always with success. Beside Its use as
a killer of fungi on foiiuge, experiments seem to point to the fact that
tho Bordeaux mixture tends to restore the green color to the leaveH
of plants which havo lost it, when
applied to the surface of the soil, or
just below it.
Hydrangeas, century plants, crape
myrtles, etc, winter well in any cool,
frost proof cellar, where they r-*qul.*e
just enough water to keep them alive.
L'nnnns should be kept ina warmer
place, cither a warm cellar or under a hot house bench, tho tops cut
low and the roots planted in boxes
of earth.
Tbe majority of men do mauy of
the things they are told to do, without even thinking of tho reason why.
There is not any personal in -cogence In all their work. Let tlie
fanner do a little scientific reading. For instance, wo would Iw more
zealous In our work of destroying insects if we knew why apples were
scabby and potatoes rough.
A Prinoe Edward Island Lady Speak
For the Benefit of Her Sex.
Had no Appetite, wrj Pale uud RanUy Ex-
iiMiisttnl���Subject to'Severe ���'���pells ot
Dtailue-iB and Other Distressing Bym.*--
Tignish, P. E. L, May 80th, 1393.
To tho Editor of L'impartial:
Bear Sir,���I see by your paper the
names or many who have neen heneflt-
! ed by the use or Br, Williama" -f'luk
Bills. I fool that. I ought to let- my
caso be known, as J am sure that
many women might be benefited as 1
have been. For a number of years
I havo been almost an Invalid. I
did not know the nature of my malady. I had a tired feeling, being exhausted at the least exertion. 1 had
no nn .petite and was very pale. I
sometimes felt liko lying down never
to rise. A dizziness would sometimes
tnko me, causing me to drop where
"Mary," said Fanner Flint nt the
breakfast table as he asked for a
second cup -of coffee, "I've made a
" Well, Cyrus, you're about the last
one I'd expect of such a thing, but
what Is It?"
" l have found that the heavy end
Of a mutch Is Us light end," responded
Cyrus with a grin that would havo
adorned a Skull,
Mary looked disgusted, but with an
11 Ir of triumph quickly retorted, " I've
got a discovery, too, Cyrus. It was
made by Br. It. V. Fierce, and Is culled
a ' Golden Mo-Ilcnl Discovery.' It drives
away blotches nnd pimples, purines
the blood, tones up the system, and
makes one feel brand-new. Why, It
cured Cousin Ben, who had consump**
tion and wiih ulmost reduced to a
skeleton, Before his wife began to use
it ehe was a pale, sickly thing, but
look at hnr; she's rosy-cheeked and
healthy, and weighs KID pounds. That,
Cyrus, is a discovery that's worth
mentioning." ���
Young or middle-aged men, suffering
from premature decline of power, bow-
ever induced, speedily and radically
cured. Illustrated book sent, securely
sealed, for Ti) cents in stamps. World's
Dispensary Medical Assofiatinu, Buffalo, N, Y.
8ome of the dantlest housekeepers
neglect to enforce the rule that a
brush or broom should never be stood
brush part down upon the floor,
where the straws or hairs gather
dust or dampness.���Philadelphia Ledger. 	
She���I understand that you and
Nellio are married and happy ?
He���Yes; that is, she's happy and
I'm married. ''���
A Dizziness Would Overtake Ale.
I would bo. During these spoils or
dizziness I had a roaring souud in my
head. I took medical treatment, but
found no relief. My husband and
father both drew my attention tothe
many articles which appeared from
time to time in your paper concerning .the cures wrought by Dr. Williams' Pink Bills. At first I had no
faith In them, In fact I had lost faith
in all medicines, and was resigned to
my lot, thinking tbat my days were
numbered in this world. Finally,
however, 1 consented to try the Pink
Bills. I had not taken them long
liefore 1 felt an Improvement and
hope revived. I ordered more and
continued taking the pills for three
months, and t-rnust say that to-day
I nm as well and strong as ever and
the many ailments which I had are
completely cured. I attribute my
complete recovery to the Dr. Williams' Pink Pills, and hope by telling
you this that others may Imj benefited Iny tbem.
Mrs. William Perry.
After reading the alrove letter we
sent a reporter to interview Mns.
Perry, and she repeated what she bad
already stated In her letter. Her
husband, William Perry, and ber
father, Mr. .r. II. Lander, J. 1'., and
Fishery Warden, corroborated her
statement-*;.��� IM. L'impartial.
Dr. Williams I'ink I'ills for Palo People make pure, rich blood, restore
shattered nerves nnd drive out disease.
They cure when other medicines fall
and are beyond nil question the greatest life-saving medicine ever discovered. Sold by all dealers, but only ln
Ijoxes and wrappers around which
bears the full trade mark, "Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for Pule People."
Pills offered In loose form, by tho hundred or ounce, axe Imitations and
should be avoided, as they nre -worthless ami perhaps dangerous.
gaiAgnants MESSENGER.
Galignanl's Messenger, after an existence of eighty-one years, will lose
Its name on New Year's day. It will
then be called the "Dally Messenger,
late Galignanl's," till tlte end of the
century, when the name Galignani
must disappear, according to ttie
terms made hy the family in selling
its interest in the paper.
Professor���Your brother's absent
again this morning ?
.Studont���Yes, sir.
"Ho can never expect to get ahead
by absenting himself from his class."
" I fear that it is getting a head
that lias caused liis abseace, Pro-
A.���When I  see you I always think I
of tho proverb: " To whom God gives
an office he gives an understanding." I
B���But I  have no office.
A���Well, don't yon seo how that
Doctor���Well, madam, Uow are you
to-day 1
Madam���Oh, doctor, I havo trlghtlul
pains all over my whole body, and It I
seouis Impossible to breathe. Of course j
I can't sleep and I have no appetite ;
at all.
Doctor���Dm ���or��� well, otherwise ;
you re all right, arou't you? ���
Wealthy Parent--What I    Engaged
yourself to youug    Tupestor'/     Out- j
rageous!    Thc idea of Van Juneberry
marrying a moro store clerk I
Daughter���I lut he isn't a store clerk
now, papa. Ito Is a gentleman Ol leisure.
*' Eh ? '*
" i'eb, ho s bueu discharged.*'
Wifoy���Do you think there is a man
that could conscientiously say to his
wife, " You aro the only woman I
ever loved?'"
Hubby���Only one that I can think
Wiley���Who'.'    You. dearest V
Hubby���Oh, no ; Aiinm.
Miss Yearsy��� Do you think a woman ought to work for her husband V
Miss Quick���Yos; till Bhe gets hlin.
Kupp���I look upon you, sir, as a
rascal. Partee���You are privileged
to look upou me in any character you
doslre to assume, sir.
Be sure and use that old and well-
tried remedy, Mrs. Winslow's Sooth** I
ing Syrup for children teething. It I
soothes the child, softens the gums,
allays all pain, cares wind colic and
is the best remedy for diarrhoea, 25
cents n bottle.
"An adjective letter" will give much
amusement to a party of young people. The framework is a letter to be
written by one of the number describing some recent event or familiar occurrence, possibly the entertainment
in progress. As ninny names are Introduced ns is possible, and each is
preceded by a blank to be filled with
an adjective. The writer nsks for an
adjective from each member of the
circle ln turn to fill the place. These
are, of courso, ludicrously Inappropriate, nnd when the whole ls rend aloud
It calls forth penis ot merriment.���
December Ladles' Home Journal.
ISSUE NO  52  1896.
Iu replying to any of theae adv-artta***.
moots, please mention this paper.;
is weakening. You cannot afford to fall below your healthy
weight. If you will take Scott's
Emulsion of Cod-liver Oil with
Hypophosphites of Lime and
Soda when your friends first
tell you you are getting thin,
yoxi will quickly restore your
healthy weight and may thereby
prevent serious illness*.
Persons have been known to
gain a pound a day by taking
an ounce a day of Scott's Emulsion. This seems extraordinary;
but it is absolutely true.
Dou't be persuaded to accept a substitute!
Scott L Downs, Bsllevtlla.     SOc, and $1.
Know Wnat Yoa Caw
If free from Injurious colorinf.
The more you use ol tt Um
better you like it.
TMt 01*. I. TUQK1TT4 HNI CO., It**,
J__.II.T-,". -I.*,.
Every day wo moot men who have
apparently lost all interest in life,
but they chew and Hinoko all tho tkuo
aud wonder why tho sunshine is not
bright, and the sweot bird's song
sound discordant. .Tobacco takes
away the pleasures of life and leaves
irritated nerve ceutros iu roturn. No-
To-Bac is the easy way out. Guaran
teed to caro and make you woll
strong, by Druggists everywhere,
dross Sterling Remedy Co., 1171
I'aul street, Montreal.
pa au artist V
Ma<-No, do
"Ain't a man that draws au
artist V"
"Well, I heard pn tell Mr. Jackpot?.
that he never seen anything so pretty
as the three kings ho drew last
Neura1_lrt_ Poralitent Agony,
11ns but one source ol relief. Nerviline
���nerve pain cure���penetrates to the
irritated nerves, soothes them to repose anil affords relief almost in-
sta.ntlv. The whole range 'of mediclno
affords no parallel to Norvilino as n
pain reliever.
The latest story of a wondrous gold
find in Alaska is of a lake whose
bod is literally paved deep with gold
| dust. Tho lake Ih 1,01)0 yards long,
400 yards wide and 150 feet deep. It
is fed by water Irom a glacier, nnd
its only outlet is a little stream two
feet deep, but ol Incredible swiftness.
Tho assay of the sand which a sen
captain brought to Seattle recently
showed $8 to $11 a cubic yard, and
on this basis a man could alono take
out $10,000 a year.
Karl's Clover Root 'l\ja is a sure
cure lor Headache and Nervous diseases. Nothing relieves so   quickly.
Next to a stinging conscience, makes
life a misery. The slinging paiu of a
corn may bo speedily and painlessly
removed by the use ol l'utiuun's Painless Corn Extractor. Twenty-four
hours after Putnam's ls applied tlio
corn may be removed.
A corporation to manufacture a
ncw lianimerless gun, the invention of
a young mechanic, is being formed ln
Baltimore. The lock Is the new feature ol the Invention, and is snid to
be simple and strong. Tho gun will
also be provided with two sots of
barrels, ono set choke-bored and 'tlie
other the plain cylinder pattern,
with no Increase in price.���Hardware,
Constipation, LnGrlppo, Pneumonia and nil Throat and Lung diseases arc cured by Shlloh's Cure.
At Tnusa, In the United States of
Colombia, two policemen recently
crucified a woman by nailing her to
a tree. The outrage was committed
during the absence ol the alcalde,
who upon his return had the policemen punished and dismissed from the
The excruciating Pain of
When yon can buy a bottlo of
For 25 nontH and havo immediate relief,
*������..'"*1P.V-'"*-__,yrt. -**��� ;*,iw.j**~ .&.,., .-   .���    ���. ...
ESS A"*K**OTOIl CO. (Mm Imil |_�� ,,���n,r*.
windmill biralnoM,bonuiso It litis mluirrlttuitiist ee'.
miaa power to I.t) what it wai., It lias ny branrli
boilBas, anil su|t|ili"S Its iriioSs anil repairs
��� ��� siiuriiwir lUaiiHinhlws furnish a
othttra It makes l'untplm* nnil
,Geared, Steel, (Julvanizml-aftor
'Completion win.liniils, rutin;
FUeti Steel Towers,steel BlluSaw
���ea stool F*s>(i outlets aim Food
UrtDden  On application It will name one
�� ticae articles that it wiu (iirnhu until
I* at t/3 tbe usnal price.   It also makes
M Pumps ot all minis,    send (nr caMilOKUO
'i IZtk, Rockwell lad Fillmore Streets, Chicat*.
KAKMS t'OK"s__,E.
H0RIDA LANDS of extraordinary
fertility; healthy location ; Immense
profits on winter-grown vegetables
shipped to northern markets. No
clearing, drainage or irrigation needed. Low prices ; easy terms.���W. J.
Fenton, 208 Church street, Toronto.
CASH PAID, or lablowarc, household and farmers'' supplies given In
oxchnnge at wholesale prices, for all
kinds of raw furs, vli.: Muskrut, mink,
raccoon, skunk, lox, etc. Consignments solicited, large or small, liood
reliable men wantod to buy and sell
tor us. Tho (jueen Silverware Coin
pany, Montreal, <-*uc.
10,000  ACRES
Of the best lands lu MlehlKan, at from ft to
peracro. Situated In mureniiiii.ieH.nn and uear
the Michigan Central, Detroit. Alpena & Leon
Lake Hail ways.
Now is the time to buy
Address K. M. Pierce, West Bar City, Mlob
or      J.W. Curtis, Whittemore, Mich.
AOKNTS WANTED everywhere to
sell patent elustlo collur stays lor
flannel shirts; over 26,000 sold ln
Maine alono; big profit for agents;
send 20c lor sample and full particulars. W. S. Kcene, box 344 Lewiston,
>>- mwk-u,-*U*^*A'to;*y*v��'*-',-.-i"-r|*_(
Adams' Tutti Frutti
aids digestion.
Savecoupons inside of wrappers.
To null JokIuIi Alton's Wifu'ri new book
Ti'irtt.orj* a niKiiril.
Write at onco to
u Kii iiiiiimii Mm-!. wi*-,!,
Toroo to.
M-ii'l ���������im.-'i poi'iruit, iiiiinti jtnri .lain o
nmrri .��������-   Hutiil I0o with dato ot birth.     Hrot'
���Uoilfn-y, Clu-tmnooK", Tcnti., U. _). ;i iiuetttloDU
Riif-wttrod for'-iAi*.
$^50 For an Old_Canadian Stamp.
Kvery Canadian Btamp uh-iI between 1H6-
uml 181)6 In valuable and worth from lOo. to-lift''
each. I buy any quantity, ou tho original eovor**.
prf-fnrrcri * M*-'> all other kind-* of stamps,
particularly those collected '���"��� vi-nrti ago. Bond
for price Imt to C. A. NKEDHAM, 654 Malu
gtreet Kant. Hamilton, Ont.
Parties havtno old  lbtters in
original envelopes of the dates l_ol to 1870 with
poBtuf-o tfUimptj thereon will got good prices for
the Htampr. by applying to Box 11)5. Hamilton
Toronto nnd Stratford, Ont, UNQUKSTION
AHLY the leading commercial m hools of tho
ADA. Moderate rates. Students admitted at
any time. Write to either school for t-iroularN.
Mention this paper. SHAW & ELLIOTT,
principals cA
mmmm festival.
How it is Observed all Over tlie
Quaint C-rremmiie*' In Honor of t(ie  J'atron
Saint of t Im Ureat  HolldaT���Origin of
the Christmas Tree��� A Vwatty l-i-geiid���
the Vule Log and the M'Htletoe,
Christmas has come nnd gono. Tin1
observance ot the beautiful festival
has now t>ecotno almost universal. In
ancient times heathen festivals were
accompanied by pageants, on or
about the 25th of December, of which
the presiding god was a whltc-
beurded patriarch variously known
na Saturn, Sllcnus or Thor. The
Romans oliecrved the Saturnalia, the
Greeks the Bacchanalia, the Teutons
the Twelve Nlghte. These festivities wero in honor of the sun as the
giver of life and light and aa the vie-
Iblo representation of tho Deity.
When Christianity illumined the
world the Saturnalia and its sister
carnivals gavo place to the universal
feast of Christmas. Many of the
pagan ceremonlos, more or leas modified and with various additions,
found their way into the modern
forms of Christmas festivities. The
Christ child, or Krlst Kindlein, became tho dominant figure, but in
time the force of the tradition caused
tho revival of tho iwarded patriarch
as the typical genius of festivity.
He. was revived, however, not as a
pagan god, but In the person of the
good St. Nicholas, whoso own holy-
day happened to occur in December;'
and as tho jovial character of Christmas grew more and more pronounced,
tho geniality of St. Nicholas, or Santa
Claus, increased in equal ratio.
The personality of tlie Christ child,
a* a giver or gifts, became fainter
and fainter, its vory name corrupted
into Kriss Kringle, being finally
identified with tliut ot Santa Claus.
St. Nicholas was a Greek, born at
Pa tara, in Lycln. He became bishop
of Myra, and idled in the eighth ides
of December, A, D. 343. A man of
great'sanctity, no saint on the calendar lias a wider patronage. An
ancient Italian life of St. Nicholas
recites how he became tho pati-bn or
Once npon n. timo the sons of an
Asiatic gentleman wero sont to
Athens to Tie educated. On their
way their father enjoined them to
visit thc great bishop at Myra, and
secure his benediction. They reached
tlielr lato one night nnd sought shelter at an Inn. The wicked landlord,
observing their prosperous exterior,
concluded to. rob them and destroy
the evidence of liis crime. Having
murdered them ln their sleep, he dismembered the bodies and concealed
the pieces in a pickle tub. But a vision had appeared to St. Nicholas,
nnd lie hastened to accuse tho landlord, who, seized with remorse, confessed nil. Then he implored the Intercession o? the saint, and the latter, struck by his penitence, prayed
for tho restoration of the youths to
lite. Instantly the latter arose, and
tho pardon ot their slayer was assured.
Here is the legend which accounts
for St. Nicholas a& tho good genius
of the gift senson: A certain noble of
his diocese became impoverished, and,
aa they had no dowries, tho future
of the threo fair daughters of the
.house was imperilled. Tlie good saint
resolved to succor them, nnd, waiting
till the small hours of the morning,
he cast through the open window of
the ^Obleman's bedchamber three
heavy .purses of gnld. Ho hoped to
.retreat unseen, bnt thc moon wns
bright; St. Nicholas was discovered,
although trying to escape.   ,
At the courts of Italian princes
there-frAreval led*.an ancient custom
c-alled-ufiophtn, tlie Spanish word for
"shoe." *���-���' At Christmas time presents
were concealed iii tlio shoes or slippers of favorite courtiers, in imitation of St. Nicholas' girts to the throe
maidens of Pntara.
Another curious legend is that of
the school boys of Franconia, who, on
the feast bearing his name, attired
one of their number in a complete set
of bishop's vestments and went from
door to door collecting tlie "Episcopal
subsidy," In return for the service
St. Nicholas deposited gifts In their
shoes, left out over night for the purpose. ,.
Norwegian childron look for thoir
ChjiBtmas gifts through the White
Christ, who, gilding through frosted
pine, fares-is, upon Christmas eve pays
ttie mysterious visit, nnd is, to all
intents and purposes- their realization
of a St. Nicholas!, Upon Chrlstina-H
night tlie boys, wearing white mir-
pllces nnd paper caps, enter tlio room,
where guests are assembled, Ono
lio Ids n paper lantern iu Lhe form
Of a star, the interior being Ut by
-t piece of caudle fixed on the wQodon
bar upon which the star revolves. Another carries a squaro frame with
panels of glass, Within which a lighted
candle or two reveals two objflOhs,
one being a dolt dreaaed as bhe Madonna. This tigure sits beside the
other object, a cradle containing a
baby doll. Through the bottom of
tlie frame runs a littio appliance
which imparts a rocking motion to
tlio cradle. The two buys bearing the
star and cradle take position at thc
ond of the room, their companions on
cither side. Then the star revolves,
tho cradle rocks gently to and fro,
and a carol is sung. ThiB ls thc
Ohiristmos mystery of tho stur of
Bethlehem mid the Christ cradle.
Throughout the German fatherland
prevails tho belief in the Krlst Kind-
loin, or Christ Child, who rewards
with gifts the faithful children who
lovo their parents and believe in God,
On Christmas eve each household assembles at dinner, and when tho candles aro Ut thc father of tho family
watches the shadows on the wall,
for if anyone should hnve his or her
shadow obscured by that of another
object,, that Js to be unlucky. Dinner
being, over, the children retire Into a
dark room and guess at the presents
they are to receive. Soon the parents open the door and say: " The
Christ Child has visited you," upon
which the children come forth to
gaze upon their gift-decked Christmas tree.
In north Germany on Christmas eve
the children lay out upon a table,
under a branch of evergreen, the
gifts for their parents, and then call
the latter ln. The parents do the
same thing for the children upon
Christmas day. The mother, also,
talks to the girls ln a spirit of counsel and the father acts likewise with
the boys. Then, of course, there is
Kriss Kringle, the familiar and beloved, with his furry coat, ruddy face
and long white beard, who is in some
districts represented by Rupert, a
man engaged by a'll the parents lu
a villago to costume himself In regulation style and visit all the houses.
Another tradition exists In Germany
as to a curtain evil genius called
Peisnichol, or " Nicholas with tho
Birch," who deposits switches In the
stockings hung out for the presents
of Kriss Kringle.
in Italy, Spain and Russia the season of gifts is the Epiphany, when tho
wise men from the east laid tlielr offerings at the Saviour's feot. Tho
Russians and Italians have woven a
wonderful legend out of the Scriptural story and have incidentally invented a substitute for St. Nicholas.
This legend throws a new light upon
the three wise men. It Is asserted
that they were Kings Balthasar of
Sarda, Caspar of Tarsus and Molchoir
of Arabia. Seeing the star of Bethlehem they started out for Jerusalem,
and told King Herod of what had
come to pass. They went on toward
an old woman busily engaged in
house-cleaning. Learning their story,
she asked them to tarry until she
could accompany them, but, their
time being short, they told her to follow, which she accordingly did, but,
losing her way, has ever since been
roaming tlie earth in search of the
child of Bethlehem. Tills old woman has to this day an Instinctive
regard for young children, visiting
them while they sleep upon every eve
of the Epiphany. Descending the
chimney, or mysteriously entering, no
oue knows how, she never fails to
leave presents behind her. In Italy
and In Russia she is really the same
person, her name in tlie former country being the Befana, and in the Iat*
ter the Baboushka.
The Spaniards are rather grander
in thoir use of the legend. Tliey ignore the old woman and utilize Balthasar, King of Sarda, whom they depict as a turbaned dignitary of swarthy visage. He carries a sceptro in
one hand and gifts in the other, nnd
Ix'hind him stalk a number of camels
laden with precious freight.
There is no doubt that the Christmas tree originated in Germany. According to a legend, Martin Luther
was travelling alone through a forest one Christmas eve. Thc air was
clear and frosty and the sky studded
with myriads of glittering stars that
twinkled through the branches of the
fir trees, cheering and inspiring thc
great reformer. So deeply was he
Impressed by the scene that, as soon
ns he reached his home, he cut a small
fir tree In the nearest wood, sot it
up in his house and fastened many
wax tapers among its branches. This
tree was intended as an object lesson
for Luther's children. It was to represent to them the evening sky, with
its innumerable lights which on that
night Christ had left to become a
child In Bethlehem's manger, and also
to remind them of that star which
the wise men followed until they
found tho now life which was to bo
the light of the world. Tho legend
is a lieautiful one, but it is only a
legend. In Luther's writings there is
no proof thut the Christmas tree Is
contemporary with the era of the
Reformation, or even that it had at
first a closer connection with Christianity than that of adoption.
or from a doorway, its influence was
supposed to be irresistible. In earlier
times it was thought that no one
could possibly fail to pass beneath it
without yielding to ite power, and
hence that matron and maid must,
perforce, submit to the gallant salutation that has since become part
and parcel of a suspension of the parasitical vine.
The burning of the Yule log is another survival of a heathenish practice. The ancient Goths and Saxons
observed a festival at the winter solstice, celebrating the day when the
sun began its northern Journey. The
Scandinavian ancestors of tho English used, at their feast of Yule, to
kindle large bonfires in honor ot Thor.
The modified Influences of time and an
altered religion transferred the observance of the custom to the Christmas season of the English. The old
custom was to keep the log burning
until Candelmos (J��eb. 20). Then a
small portion of It wns carefully pro-
served to light the Y.ulo log of tho
next Christmas.
Oddly enough, English plum pudding und mince pies both owo their
origin, or are supposed to, to an occurrence attendant upon the birth of
Christ. The highly sensoned ingred-
dlents refer to the offerings of spices,
frankincense and myrrh by the wise
men of the east to the Christ child.
Dec. 930, 1H9S..
Tlio enrly German conception of the
unfiverse was that It was a great
tree, the roots of which were in the
earth, Its top In WaKJuilla; upon its
verdure tho goat' subsisted, whose
milk restored fallen heroes. The memory of the mythical treo Yggdnafil remained green long after Christianity
hnd taken hold of the people. Thore
waa also a custom of decorating a
tree in honor of Berchta, the goddess
of spring. There is a possibility thnt
tho date of tlds was changed to
Christmas as a concession to a growing belief. Tlie evergreen tree became a symbol of nn eternal spring ;
the. gifts of tho gift of God to man.
In England, although there were
many and picturesque Christmas customs, tiio tree was almost unknown
before the marriage of Victoria to
Prince Albert. Wheu lu 18*10 he became Prince Consort a tree was one
Ot the features of the Christinas festivities In the royal family. It was
looked upon at lirst as a continental
Innovation upon time-honored English usage, but it gradually found favor with the aristocracy, aud now It
tins become quito common in London.
In Scotland it is not adopted generally, perhaps because the people nro
still inure given over to theological
ulscualon than to the spectacular demonstration oi' a religious truth. This,
however, would not apply to Ireland,
where the Christmas tree does not
seem to nourish, except among tjiQ
German settlers,
America has welcomed nnd adopted
the Christmas tree with cordial af-
ifectlon, aud treated it as if it were
a product of her own inventive brain.
Tho favorite plants for Christmas
decoration In England have always
been holly, buy, rosemary and laurel.
To'these Ivy Is now added, but for
many generations it was excluded in
-consequence of its association with
Bacchanalian revels. Mistletoe has
ever been excluded from the church,
for no other reason, apparently, than
Its connection with druldic ceremonials. Though excommunicated from
tho church, It Is not to bo wondered
nt that mistletoe should continue popular in the decoration ot English
homes. First venerated and worshipped, It passed by easy gradations
to a point where It was considered
as a charm or amulet to ward off the
baleful Influonco of witches. To ita
supposed quality as a charm mistletoe now owes Its use and popularity.
Suspended from the celling of a room
11 KB It Kit V SI'RNCttK'S CAI-tKKK.
The   riiiloHupher   Known   What  It   In   to
Wrest)-' With Poverty.
Herbert Spencer's first important
work, " Social Statics," was published In 1850, says the Review of Reviews, when he was Just thirty. The
great work of his life���the " System
of Synthetic Philosophy"*���was taken up ia earnest ten yoars later.
The sacrifices involved In the preparation and production of the gigantic work thus heralded to the
world were little short of heroic.
Thoso who know Mr. Spencer by his
books alone may have thought of
him merely as devoting himself to
philosophy out of the abundance of
his material wealth and comfort.
The truth is far otherwise. No man
ever Jived a more ascetic life or denied himself more for tho sake of
tho task he had undertaken for humanity. In Ids evidence given before
tho Commission on Copyright he tells
us In plain words, though in the most
severely impersonal and abstract
manner, the story of his hard and
noble* fight during the unrecognised
days of his early manhood. Not a
fight for bread, not a fight for fame,
remember, but a fight for truth. For
his first book, " Social Statics," in
1850, ho could not find a publisher
willing to take any risk; so he was
obliged to print it at his own cost
and sell it on commission. Tho edition
consisted of only seven hundred and
fifty -copies; ami it took no less than
fourteen years to sell. Such are tho
rewards of seriou-j thought in our
generation. Five years later he
printod the original form of the
" Principles of Psychology." Again
no publisher would undertake the
risk, and ho published on commission.
Once more 750 copies were printed
and the sale was vory slow. *' I gave
nway a considerable number," says
Mr. Spencer pathetically, " and the
remainder sold in twelve and a half
years.' During alt that time, we may
conclude from the sequel, he not only
mado nothing out of those two important and valuable books, but
was actually kept out of pocket for
his capital sank in them.
" Before the initial volume, ' First
Principles,' was finished," he observes,
"I found myself still losing. During
the issue of the second volume, the
'Principles of Biology,' I was still
losing. In the middle of tho t'hird
volume I was losing so much that I
found I wns frittering away all I possessed. I went back upon my accounts, nnd discovered that in the
course of fifteen years I had lost
nearly ��1,200���adding interest more
than ��1,200. As I was evidently going
on ruining myself, I issued to the subscribers a notice of cessation."
He had been living, meanwhile, In
" the most economical way possible";
In spite of which he found he had
trenched to that large extent on
his very small capital. Spartan faro
had not sufficed to make his experiment successful. Nevertheless, he continued to publish, as he hlmseif bravely phrases It, " I may say, by accident." Twice More in the course of
thoso fifteen weary years ho had been
ablo to persevere, In spite of losses, by
bequests of money. On this third occasion, just as he was on the very
point of discontinuing the production
of his great work, property wliich he
inherited came to hlin in the nick of
time to prevent such a catastrophe.
Any other man in the world would
hnvo invested Ills money and fought
shy In future of the siren of philosophy. Not so Mr. Spencer. To him
life Is thought. He went courageously on with his forlorn hopo In publishing, nnd it is some consolation to
know that ho Was repaid In the cud,
though IM** and IU, tor his single-
minded devotion. ln twenty-four
years after ho began to publish ho
had retrieved his position, and was
abreast of his losses. Think of that,
you men of business ! Twenty-four
years of hard mental work for no pay
nt all, nnd at the end of it to find
yourself Just whoro you started I
Sinco that time, it ls true, Mr.
Spencer's works have brought him in,
by degrees, a satisfactory revenue;
but consider the pluck and determination of tho man who could fight so
long, In spite of poverty, against
such  terrible experiences.
Tho Manitoba Government yesterday issued its last crop bulletin. Tho
total wheat acreage Is shown to have
been 1,140,270, from which 31,775,038
bushels were raised, an average of
nearly 28 bushelB per acre. Tho total
grain crop was 61.860-172 bushels,
nearly four million bushels In excess
of tho Government's estimate. The
total crop of roots and potatoes was
6,327,845 bushels. Five thousand
hands from Ontario assisted In garnering tho crop, and wero paid ,?400,-
000 by the farmer? in wages.
The Marqnls of QueenSbury Is going to visit his hopeful son. Lord
.Hliolto, In California.
Review-.Imld. vii. ].*>; Ruth i. IK, 17: 18am.
ill, 8-10 xv. 10, U:xvi. 1; xvii. 3S--.U, ."*o.
Time.- Bt C. 1443; 1245: 1170;
11G5; 1120; 10*05: 1079:700: 10G3 :
10G2 ; 4. Pineea.���Bochim ; Shccheni;
Moab; Bethlehem ; Shlloh ; Mizpeh ;
Gilgnl; Shochoh; Glboah.
PersODB.���The  angel   of  the    Lord ;
Israel; Gideon; Midinnites; Ell; Samuel; Philistines;  Saul;  Isaiah : Jesse
and  lids  sons;  Elders of Bethlehem;
Davhl; Goliath; Jonathan; the shepherds; angels;  Mary; Joseph; Jesus.
Commentary,���Lesion r. gives ns a
view of Israel,  as thoy were visited
by the angel of the Lord, and solemnly
warned because of their leagues with
the Canaanites. On hearing this warning they repented und were obedient
until the death of Joshua,   Then the
people fell  into idolatry, und grieved
the Lord.   While they were thus overcome,  God   raised  up judges  to rule
ovor them.   Lesson II. shows the wonderful victory wliich God gavo to Israel under the faithful judge Gideon,
with  an army of but throe hundred
men.   The Midianite army wna completely    overthrown!,     Ldpaon    I1L
gives the touching account of the conversion of Ruth, the Moabltess, to the
faith  of  Israel.     Through  the noble
example of her mother-in-law, Naomi,
she was led to forsake all her idols,
native lands, and her people, to yo to
Bethlehem   to   Join   herself  with   the
poople of God.   Lesson IV. gives the
aecount ot Samuel's early call to be
a prophet In Israel.     He  had  been
dedicated to the service of God by his
parents, and dwelt in the sanctuary
under the training of the High Priest
Eli,   when  God  called him  aud gave
him a message concerning Eli, because
of his failure to rightly train his Itoys,
who had now grown up to dishonor
God.   Lesson   V*.   lets  us see  Samuel
as* a  judge in Israel, ns well  as a
prophet.      At this  time Israel's enemies, the Phi Is tint 8, came up against
them and the Lord smote them nnd
many v/ere destroyed.   For this victory  S/imuel   testllied  before all  the
people  by  setting up a    monument,
Israel then regained their lost cities
from the Philistines.   Lesson VI. tells
of the way the first king in Israel was
chosen, and  why God permitted him
to be king.   Saul was the son of Klsh,
of the tribe of Benjamin.     Ho was a
fine looking man and humble.     The
people were changeable and preferred
a   king   to   rule  over   them.     God
granted their  request.     Lesson VII,
shows how changeable men are. While
Saul kept humble God gave hi in success.   But the time soon came when
he disobeyed God nnd did nut teach
the people to obey and God rejected
him.   He had sought his own honor
and spared the enemies of God when
he was told to destroy them.   Lesson
VIII. describes the terrible misery nnd
destruction which must certainly fall
Upon thc Intemperate ones.   The sinful   deeds   of   the   drunkard   are   described,   while   God   is exalted  abovo
every evil  way.   Lesson IX,. tells us
how God chose a king to reign after
Saub     Samuel   was  rebuked  lor bis
continued grief over Saul, and sent to
Bethlehem to anoint one of the sons
of  Jesse   to   bo king.   The youngest
one, whom none so much as expected
to be preaent, was chosen,   God knew
hia worth, and allowed all the others
to pass, but chose David to bo king,
and, at this time, He gave His Spirit
in new measure to rest upon David.
Leason X, records the first public victory which David won. Without being
invited, David offered to fight in the
front   ranks   for   Israel  against   the
Philistine... He faced the armed giant,
having only his sling for a weapon.
Yet lie slew Goliath, and gained entire
victory for Israel.   Lesson XL gives
the sad  picture  of Saul  as be  wus
after God reji-cted him.   He sought to
destroy his own son because ho would
befriend, tbe noble David wbo had so
generously  helped   him.   Lesson   XII.
records the birth of Christ. The shepherds  were  the  first to receive the
message, and they at once spread the
news abroad.
Gods extended mercy to Israel a mitt
all their failures to obey Him Is seen
In Lesson I., where the solemn visit
wns made by the angel of the Lord to
Israel at Bochim. Everything added
to the solemnity of this occasion.
There was actual resentence and evidences of It, For this cause God raised up judges In Israel.
Gods prevailing power in behalf of
ings over them. The.i Ha gives them
tlio best man among them for their
king. Ana on this very occasion they
Openly showed who among them
would i��> obedient among, tbem when
they were granted a. king.
God s unchangeableness is dearly
marked In Lesson VII. The changeable Israel found that ii king was)
but a man like themselves, ready to
Change with the seasons. Though
Saul stood high in his character, befell very low and dishonored bis office
as king and God as his Maker. Disobedience and deceit led bim to ruin*
God's cause suffers at the first approach o't intemperance. Lesson VIII.
Every particle ot indulgence on the
part oi one of God's children in tlie
direction of strong drink or intoxicating drink ls a chain which the devil
fastens nlifjut them to drag them
finally into eternal ruin. Tbe first
steps begin in the use of imitations or
home made drinks used uround tin-
family table* Vainly these parents
Who do this hope to thus keep their
family from the public bouses. But in
this they draw Iniquity with the cords
oi vanity which tn. Idly \ aves the way
to sin ol deepest dye.
God's distinguished ones are carefully concenlod from the public gaze.
Tbey nro precious in liis sight. Ho
prepares them for effectual service
while they aro faithfully engaged In
private life. He dots not rely upon
human accomplishments alone, but He
chooses them enrly and bestows His
spirit upon such as will be truo to Him
and His service. Lesson IX. Though
David did not at once enter upon his
public work in the offlco of king, his
heart wan prepared for every command from God. The condition vi'
public matters hnd the circumstances
surrounding David made it appear to
the best and most faithful prophet,
Samuel, a matter of impossibility to
go to Bethlehem and to the family of
Jesse, yet God spoke differently.
God's mean-i nre effectual. However
they may appear in the sight of
humans tbey are full of divine power.
Lesson X. No stone which God directs
ever falls without certain success. No
person whom God arms for battle ever
falls a victim to failure. The apparent insignificance of God's instruments
only works a mighty power toward
victory. David was young and fair,
���nd not at all Informed in military
pursuits. Vet be wns most ready to
follow God's directions. His Ignorance
proved bis fitness for God's design.
God's designs nre often accomplished through tho very means which men
use to destroy tliein. God makes the
wrath of man to praise Him. Lesson
XI. Saul's severe treatment toward
his son was designed to overcome his
lovo for David and thus bring him
so under bis father's power as to
make him Instrumental in the death
of David, the anointed king ot Israel.
There could be no doubt as to the
line of duty and Jonathan waa well
assured that David must escape. Had
tliere been Indecision on bis father's
part, there might have been disaster,
As it was the question was solved.
God's love for man Is seen In His
gift of a Saviour, His only begotten
Son. Whatever else of lovo had been
seen In Ills dealings with His people,
Jesus was love's highest expression-
Yet he gavo men no room for selfish-
Interests, from a worldly standpoint, but made It possible for all'enmity to be swept away and man
might bo redeemed from tho curse
of a broken law. Tho lowliness and
humility which characterised the
birth of Jesus wns honored by heavenly hosts. They saw the greatness
ond glory of this event and left heaven to sound their praises on earth.
The fulfilment of all prophecy centred In the babe in the manger at
Bethlehem. In Jesus evory need should
se supplied and man's peace would be
secured through Him.
The great love of God appears so
clearly expressed, as wo behold His
dealings with His poople through
their varied experiences and under
peculiar circumstances, through all
ages. In contrast with this we see
the weakness of humanity, In their
repented failures to obev God's holy
law. Amid this condition of affairs
God sent Ills only Son, the costliest
gift earth ever received. Ho accomplished nil things needed through His
own death.
The Awful im'* or h  Poor ni<i   i.-t,<iy  in
A year ago last April Tom Uoarke,
a resident of Toronto Junction, was
sont to Kingston for ten years for
criminally assaulting a litlle girl
^___^__mm__^____m_^_^_^_m_^_ named MeHeury. Since bis Incarcera-
11i.s people ls beautifully portrayed in j tion his wife, Johanna Uoarke, an old
Lesson II., where Gideon so faithfully : woman of 00 yenrs. has lived at Jane
regards ail God's directions, wliich are j und Louisa streets at the Junction
given him in tbe tlmo for battle, Only ; In the houso owned  by her husband.
tho presence of God would have ever
alarmed  such   a, great company  and .
cause them    to    become   their own
destroyers.     Thus it Is seen that God
ever assists ills obedient children.
God h providences ovor mark t lie
way to happiness, for all who will
Im* guided By tbem. Ho nover falls
to have Instruments to onrry on Mis
At the last mooting of tlie Council
she applied for relief, and was granted $5, wliich, it is understood, was
applied in twos, she wns advised to
go to the poor bouse, but refused,
stating that she was going bomo t"
Mrs. Mines, Mrs, Baby  and others
of her neighbor**! supplied    th"    old
work, as is seen ia Lesson Ml. Though j lady with tho necessaries of lite tor
and war. and idolatry
bas some wbo are
there lie fmnim
on evcrv nlde,
loyal   to   liim.
Gods love of virtue Is observed in
Ivehr-ton IV. Samuel, the child of
devoted parents and consecrated to
the service of the Lord, was not forgotten Ity his God, The call which
He gave Samuel and the time and
place which Ho gavo it, show plainly
the past two months, but last week
she locked np bor house. Nothing was
seen of her lor threo days, whea Mrs,
Mines' children gained admittance
and found ber lying In the bed iu a
semi-conscious condition. Dr. Cotton,
of Lombton Mills, was summoned,
and advised that Mrs. Roarke bo
taken to one Of the charitable Institutions, but the lady obdurately   re-
thut God honors tho faith and love | -foged sucli a proposition. Tho doctor
of His children, who, amid fllscourag- notified County Detective George
Ing surroundings,, devote their host j Bailey, who acted promptly, and, un-
gifts to liim and His* service. Such \ ,jcr instructions from Reeve Hill, re-
gifts become mighty In tho hand of j moved tho old woman, wbo was sim-
<*-}o<-* .     .    ���, I ply dying from starvation  and cold,
God s gifts to Ills people ever provo \ to  the ��ou60 o(   Providence,    where
a blessing to Ills cause and a strength , Kno .jie(i on    Tuesdny     morning, the
to His people.     Lesson \. shows Sam- ; conao of -le(ltll being pneumonia,
uel in bis office as prophet and judge, |    From the condition of tho old wo-
leading tho peoplo to confession ami
ropentence. lie was faithful In one
office and Intrusted with another.
Gods foiitearance with Israel Is
seen in Lesson VI. Tliough He had
given tbem laws nnd guided tbem
since they loft Egypt, and
though lie bad given them judges auu
a faithful prophet in Samuel, tbey ask
repeatedly for something else. Noth
man's house It would appear that she
had lost all interest in life and had
mnde up her mind to starve to death
Dyes for grasses are prepared as follows : For red, boll together In warm
water somo logwood and alum.    Far
������**- _-   ---   ��� pink nao logwood and ammonia. After
Ing but a king will meet the demands ! drying tho grass dip it Into weak gum-
of their hearts. But Iwforo tbey are j water, so as to keep It together nlcelv.
granted this choice of it king tho ! The pampas grass Is quite easy to
Lord reviews before them  ffls deal- i treat ns above. G. A. McBain ������,' Co.,   Real Estate  Brokers, Nanaimo, B.C.
* Dr. Jtffa, left Friday morning for Victoria Dr. McKsonu'**, will atleud to hm'
practice while abaent.
Mr. Gambit, vti'.b ba.'ly Imrned by an
cxplo ion ol gaa in the mine ia*.t Thur-ulay
and t ken to the hor_ Hal.
If 'cu want to snve half on men's,
women's ami Children's B.iots, Shot's,
nnd .-.Uppers you must buy ai Landman's
Th - telephone d nn*vti<m hai be -n ro*
f>ton*'l lietwetiii Cmir'auay *��'"1 Union,
Ihtaka to lh* t*wr_i*iii ao..onol Mr. Uu
lain, M. P.
Mrs. Wm. O'Dcll is prepared tn givo
organ and pianoforte lessons, both vocal
and Instrumental, to clement,iry and ad*
vanced pupils. ���
Partridge & Walter, arc producing a
���nnsation by lheir low price-; in the
grocery line. They are enter.rising
young men, and their store will be found
in the Venduine building.
A large importation of crockery just
arrived ut Mel'hee & Moore's.
Grand Patriarch Rivers, of the (.rand
Kncimpiuent of I). C, is expected up
Wednesday next, to install tiie officers
of Cumberland Encampment, No. 6.
Gigantic bargains in dry goods, clothing and men's furnishings at Stevenson
& Co., Union.
By the last mail, Mr. Sam. C. Davis,
ol Union hotel, ordered from Cincinnati,
a bell weighing 550 lbs., lor Trinity
church, which is to be presented to the
church nt. a gift, something which will be
much appreciated.
Selling off! What? Why everything
in the store of T. 0. McLean, is going
for the next 30 days at your own nrices.
The lecture of Rev. Mr. Maitland, of
Nanaimo, has been deferred until Thursday evening of next week. Il will be
one of the lecture-concert course given
in lhe Methodist church, and is highly
praised by those who have heard it. It
will be one of the best of the course.
Stevenson & Co. are selling men's and
boys' clothing nt half price. Come early
and avoid the rush.
James Abrams, Dr. Lawrence, and
Robert Grant, left Friday morning for
Victoria While there they will interview
the government with reference to the
various needs of Union and especially
the hospital.
Mrs. Kendall is still selling off her
stock of millinery at less than cost to
make room for her new spring stock.
The presence of Supt. of Police,
Husscv, here last week and a few arrests
which occurred about thit time, has
naturally aroused considerable curiosity
and of course enquiry Too much iln*
poitance however, should not be attached to anything which has yet taken
place. Perhaps by next issue we shall
be at liberty to publish a full account ol
the matter. At present any further information would be premature and might
defeat thc ends of justice.
Xotca fiom wharf, and choir outing wire
r,c,;iv(.ii too late fer litbertlou thii. weett.
L-i:.* betweeu H, spiia! ami ***r)iflr'*j s'or"
a lily's olver Wdtotl. F.u.lw will b* null-
ablj re*vait!et! by Itaviug tbo aame at the
Nkws Offlue.
Do not fortet that the Grand Drama
tic erttertninnient takes place on the 25th
and 27111 insta ol this month.
l*t'o h.vtt received 'h*�� |��',>gr��ni:iie of a
graud diamar<o.et>tertaiunient to be given
tiere it, -.'!'. 20-.li au,l 27th i'.--' , w- It *_luo-
tiima fro,),the brim baud, I. will i�� iho
imil! miii'ii',1!. 1.tl,-, ol il..* ..'.mi civur
atteuip'txi lu U ou. Pull parcleaiai*. will
bi imitli.tl ei i.exi wee.-..
Remember to cull .it Simon Leiser's
ci-.li store if you want value for your
money. You cannot get lhe same bargains elsewhere.
Selling off I What? Why everything
In the store of T. D, McLean, is going
lor tlie next 30 days al jour own prices.
Orders for powder left for me at Dave
Anthony's will receive prompt -mention,
K. Curran.
The rush slill continues at Langinan's
for Clothing and Gem's Furnishings.
Men's Suns nun $3.90.
Full programme of the Dramatic Enter*
lain ment will ue given in next week's issue
Look out for it.
School and office stationery
at E. Pimbury & Co's drug
The Dramatic entertainment to take
place in Piket's Hall on the 35th and 2/
promises to be the best yet given; aboul
40 children take pan, all in costume.
FOK SALE.��� 8 acres cheap at Comox
Terms lo suit.   Owner going to England.
R. L. Leigh Spencer
P. 0. Hox 370., Nanaimo, or at Cumberland Club.,Union.
All repairs at R. Sauser, watchmaker,
will be left at McKim's store All
persons having an> thing at thc above
watchmaker's wil! pleas" call at McKim's
store ana thev will get the waldies providing they pay for the same.
Yours truly,
Now is the time to buv cheap
Trimmed millinery at cost, untrimined
hats also reduced.
Mrs. KendeI.l.
You can get most anything you want
at Cheap John's.
The famous air tight stoves are being
handled by Grant & McGregor. They
save fuel bv one half, are free from dust and
ashes, maintain a fire from one end of
the season 10 the other and require but
litlle attention.   They are daisies I
Take E. Pimbury & Co's
Balsamic Elixir for coughs
and colds.
Houses and Lots for Sale - - - Easv Terms.
Insurance, English, Scottish, Canadian
and American Companies,
���      1_   DKWDNKY.
VlOl'oniA, by th�� Graon of G-vl. of thn
U>i-te-t Kirigdmn of Gro-v*. H-itai and
lruUnd, Qi'ESM, Dufetider ol tin* Faith,
&c,, &c,. ��-;_.,
To Our Fii'tiil'ul the MemhiTH electo-l to
-er.e in ttm Lef-i-ilfttivB AsueuiM*.' nf Oar
Pruviiieu nr Rviti-.n C iluuibu a* Oar City
of Victoria���C*Jr��etuiy:
D. M Ehorta, *      Uj'HHItlUS, We
Attoruoy-UuDira J |jf arc lies.row*
and ruholvt-d, u noon i\w maybe, to uieet
Oar people of Our Province) of Br inch
('oiauiU'a, and to havo tin ir u'lviuu in Oiir
NOW KNOW YE, Thit for d.vera oau��;h
and Qoiiaidera'.ioiiH, and t*ki;i,{ iato ������.��mi,i-
anon 'tm cm*--, and G.m.'tm>*ari*,o <tf o if 1 ���***������
al MtilijeotH, Wa have ttionjfbc lit, in h>rul>y
cuiivoi*e, aud Iiy ihnne iimtieiilH enjoin vou.
��� hat on Thur'-da*,, th*.* r**eiif.y*third ��t*.v oi
thu in-ni-. h oi Juhxiftry. one thousand *tiyhB
hunt) fed and uihhi> mx, you niutji; u iu Our
baiii L'.'giftluturo or P^ihiiiiwit*, -*f Our said
Provinoe at Our City of Viutnria. POB-TtlliJ
Ol.SPATCtiOLMJUSlNliS.S, to tr-iiv, dn,
ant, aud co.nil'ide irpnu tbusa thin *j wIim-Ii
in Our Le.-.i-tia.nte of ihu t'roviucoot' ftr t h
Columbia, hy llie eom.mm Council of Our
said Province may, by ihe favor of Oud, lie
In Testimony Whereof- We have oauHod
ttiem-Oar LeHeta io he mude Paten', aud
ih�� Great S"4 of tti�� b��*->I Prov-no* to he
hereunto uffitxedj \Yitskss, the Honorabi.r
Edgar Dbwuhey, Li-utjnwit G--vu-uorof
On*aid ProviiiOd ol Biituh Columbia, iu
Our amd Provi-j*..' i*l Bri'Uti 0-)!uuibi*i, iu
Our Oity of Vio'i-r'a iu Oir :Uii Provur-e,
ihi*' ri th day nf Doceuib**]*, in i..,< y.ir >,<
Our Lord -uii* ijiuuhttttd eiyhi hnudied and
uiu> t*r tive iumI iu hi* liftj uiiith >**a* o
Our Roig-i.
]i', Comn.aud,
Proviuuiil Storottiry,
Money to Loan on Approved Security
Thc following is a .synopsis of thc
regulations respecting the issue of pass*
ports, adopted by order of His Excellency
the Governor-General in Canada:���
i, Applications for passports must be
made in wrHtlig and inclosed in a rover
addressed to "The Honorable the Secretary of State, Ottawa, Ontario "
2. The charge for a p issport, whatever
number of persons may be named in it,
is $4.00. The tee payable must accompany thc application. Postage stamps
will not be received in pavrnent.
3. Passports are granted only to
Brttishbnrn subjects, or to persons
naturalized in lhe Dominion of Canada;
they are not limited in point of time but
ure available for any time or for any
number of journeys to foreign countries.
When the party is a "naturalized British
subject'' be wilt be so designated in his
4. Passports are granted to all persons
either known to the Secretary of State or
recommended to him by some person
wh'* is known to him; orupnti tbe appli
cation of any chartered bunk in the
Dominion of Canada; or upon the production ofa certificate of identity, which
may be obtained at the department,
signed by .my mayor, magistrate- justice
of ibe peace, minister of religion, physician, surgeon, solicitor or notary resident
111 tlie Dominion of Canada, In certain
cases,.the applicant's certificate of birth
must be produced, in addition to thc
certificate uf identity.
5. If the applicant for a p issport be a
naturalized British subject, his certificate
of naturalization, with bis signature subscribed 10 the oath printed on it, must be
forwarded to the Deuartment of the
Secretary of Suite, with the certificate of
-ndetitity granted in his behalf: and his
certificate of naturalization will be returned, vv'uh the passport to the person
who muy have granted the certificate of
identity, in order that he mav cause such
naturalized British subject to s.gn the
passport in bis piesence.
I have art unlimited supply
of money for loans on the security of farming property at
low rates of interest. Loans
put through expeditiously.
Mortgages purchased. Insurance effected.
NAKAlifO,   B.  C
P. 0. Drawer 17
Dave Anthony's
Cigar  and   Fruit   Store
And  and Dunsmuir Aft.
^T  El 1ST 3D O IstL B
XI thii Now Branting Hc-aw wil Kwtur-
tat you i��n ohu'ii Mmli at 1*5 etiu and
ui'wirdi. Board and Lodging! at 990 par
month on the STRICTLY ADVAMl'K
GA.SII FLAN. If paid at tha and ���( tha
nvmUi $20 will bo invariably ahargod.
Wm. O'Dell
Architect and -Builder
\ ;
Plans and Specifications prepared,
and buildings erected on ikm
shortest Notice.
Houses built and tor sale on euy
terms ol payment.
$5,poo worth of men's fine clothing at half price
200 pairs of ladies' fine shoes from $ 1.50J
200 pairs of ladies' heavy shoes from $1.15
200 pairs of men's fine shoes from $1.75
200 pairs childrens' fine shoes from 45��s
10 dozen men's soft felt hats at $1.00
Regular price $2.50
*J1     10 dozen mens stiff hats at 60 cents
Mi Regular price $3.00
m     15 dozen mens fine shirts at 50 cents
iff Regular price $1.50
*H     200 dozen linen collars al 3 for 25 cents
10 dozen J. B. Stetson's finest soft hats
at $3.25, Regular price $6.00
i.ooo suits of mens fine underwear from
70 cents per suit
1,000 remnants of seasonable goods to be
cleared regardless of former prices.
A grand assortment of Xmas goods, consisting of dolls,  chinaware, rubber  goods,  waggons, sleighs,
velocipedes, doll carriages,   and a   thousand other things will be sold  in the regular
way but shown in the Annex.
: I


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