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The Weekly News Sep 26, 1894

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 G. A. McBain & Co.
Seal Estate Broken
Nanaimo, B. C.
m*, b. c*.
G. A. McBain & Co.
Real Estate Broken
��t�� Nanaimo, B. C.
NO. 98.
$2.00 PER YEAR
McKim's Store.
TJ3STI02ST.   33. O*
Out*. Jfural.hing
Orders Taken for Custom Made 8ults.
 * *^
financial and General Commission Broker,
Canada Pgrman.nt Loan and Saving. Company, Toronto.
Citisana' Building Society of Nanaimo,
Scottish Vnion and National Ituuxanc. Company.
Hartford Fin In.urance Company.
Union Fire Insurance Company of London, Kngland.
Baitera Fin Auurance Company, of Halifax.
Phoenix Fire Assurance Co., of London, England.
Sun Life Assurance O, of Canada.
Great Northern  Railway.
Honey to Loan on Improved Fan Property.
, C,
None but the best
quality and most
fashionable goods
kept in stock.
Fashionable Tsilor
William's Block,
���0-NTON-, B. O.
Union Meat
meats always on hand.
Vegetables  etc.
|***r     Vessels   supplied on the shortest notice.
Simon  Leiser,   Prop.
Puntiedge Bottling
-   PROP-
Sarsaparalla and Champagne Cider, Iron Phosphates, Syrup
Bottler of Different Brands of Lager Beer Steam Beer and Porter.
Agent for the Union Brewery Company.
^ Courtenay B.  C.
Just received several cases of Ladies Under.
wear, Children's Dresses, Babies'
Cloaks, Dresses, etc., etc.
A fine line of Gents' Shirts and several cases
ol Clothing at prices never before
offered in the District.
Importers �� Dealers in
Flour ft Feed Dry Oooda
Farm Product Boot, ft Shot*
Fancy Groceries Hardware
Crockery ft 01ttuw.ro Faint ft Oils
Oatata Furaiahlnn
FaUnt Medicine.
Sportsmens Supplies a Speciality
Union Mines
Furniture    Store.
A  Full   Lii*e of Everything.
Including Granite and
Grant & McGregor Props
Ice Cream Parlors.
Soda Water, Candies, Stationery and Books,
Presided over by Miss  Knapp.
Imported and Domestic Cigars.   Briar and Meerschaum Goods.
Th. Above Store. Adjoin, Where Everything of tha beat in their Beapective
line, will be found.
A. IV. Mclntyre, Prop.
E. pijnbury & Go.
Has Opened at Cumberland in the
QrM% Stationery STore:
Where the Beat of Everything in Their Line i. Kept.
p. Duppe
--IS 2*TO*W LOC-ft-TEE JLT:-
In the William's Block Where Re  hu   on   Display One of the Finest
Stocks of Woolens Ever Shown in British Columbia.
Comox Exhibition.
The Second  Annual  Exhibition of the Comox
Agricultural and Industrial Association
will be held at
 COTJK,TEiq A"2"	
TflfliSDAY. October Htj;
 TUT TUT-rm	
-ItfEW   HA1L-
The Prise List is a most eitensire one,
Union Flashes
The str. Mineola left Thursday with
3350 tons of coal for Port Los Angeles.
The str. San Mateo will be due on the
The str. Keewenaw arrived Monday to
load for San Francisco.
The barque Richard HI left early in
the week for San Francisco with the usual load of coal.
The tug Tepic left last Thursday with
200 tons coal for the C. P. R, and 300
tons for the sugar refinery. Vancouver.
The str, Capnlino ofthe Union steamship Co. called at Union Wharf on Saturday on her trip north.
Mrs. Thomas Raines of Vancouver is
here on a visit to her mother
L Mounce relumed last Wednesday
on the Joan.
Mr. Sage of Nanaimo came up on the
loan on a visit to his daughter, Mrs. E.
Walker.   He returned on Friday.
Mrs. McMillan of Denman Island was
up here a couple of days last week visit*
ing friends.
The east wing of the school house has
been finished. Miss Nickerson has charge
of this division.
Wm. Mathewson has his order in at
the saw mill for the lumber for two cor
tages.   Jas. Cathew will build them.
Mr. Nixon and party have returned
from their trip up north. Among other
trophies of his hunt were some mountain
On the first of last week Mr. Parks and
a few others went up to the head of Punt
ledge lake. They shot 1 bear, 2 deer
and 37 grouse.
J. E. Callan of Boston has his lumber
bill in at the saw mill for a cottage to be
located on a lot between the Methodist
church and Cathew's. Fernwood Heights
is booming.
P. Dunne, having bought the Williams
block has very naturally moved into it
where those wanting anything in the line
of merchant tailoring will find bim.
On Tuesday evening there was a meeting of parties interested, at the office of
L. W. Farquier for the purpose of organizing a dancing club.
At the Waverly House on steamer day
were Mr. Keyon of Nanaimo, Mrs. Spoffard, President of the Provincial W. C.
T. U. of Victoria, and Mr. Peak of Van-
Mr. H. Hamburger ofthe Union store
has received from New York the sad
news ofthe death of his father, Mr. David Hamburger, at that city on the 20th
Work will be commended today (Wednesday) to put the telegraph and telephone line between Wellington and the
Bay in tirst class order.
Mr. C. Graves, operator at French
Creek, while riding from Wellington to
his home on Sunday was thrown from
his horse and badly bruised,
At the Cumberland hotel were over 70
persons who sal down to lunch lust Thurs
day. AinoHg those registered were Geo.
L."Wainri��ht, U. S.; S. F. Wade, Surrey; F. W. Flint, New Westminster and
H. A. Simpson of Nanaimo,
Mr. David Jones, erstwhile telegraph
operator, is now devoting his attention to
teaching music and other branches. He
has quite a large class in music and is
considered a very successful teacher. He
will soon have, it fa believed, all he can
attend to in his new field of effort
A distinguished party arrived on the
Keewenaw on Monday consisting of Mr.
James Jerome, managing owner ofthe
Keewenaw and the str. Mackinaw, accompanied by his wife, and Miss Snow,
daughter of Mr. Lewis Snow, wholesale
commission merchant of San Francisco.
Mr. Belts of the Southern Pacific Co.
of Los Angele**, Cal. arrived last week
with Capt Pillsbury of the Mineola, and
also returned with the captain. He was
much pleased with Union and its mines,
and especially astonished at the wonder
ful growth oi Cumberland in times of
such great depression elsewhere. He
prophesied a bright future for it.
Messis Grant & McGregor are happy. Their fall and winter supply of
blazers and cooking stoves have arrived
and are being much sought after. The
senior member ofthe firm isn't as young
as he once was, but it is said he nevsr
grumbles if he is called up at an unreasonable hour to wait upon any of his Comnx fr.iends who happen to be without
these essential home comforts.
There was a pleasant social surprise
party at the Waverly House ��n Friday
evening last. They filed in, in couples
carrying their refreshments in 'ittle bundles, There was such a lot of itl Every
elegancy the appetite could crave. There
was a small orchestra which led thc com-
missary department. They took possession ofthe dining and adjoining room, and
their merry steps kept time with the music until a late hour. It is needless to say
they were rii>ht heartily welcomed.
Among tlie ladies present weie the
Misses Louis, Manoon, Iknnie, Richards
Llewelyn, Caroline and Rose Mellado;
and Mesdames Statiss, Arris, Willks,
Gleason, Short, Dec, Parks, and  Nixon.
Tbe concert gotten up by the friends of
the Eng iih church here to inoreue the
building fund was a decided eoooeii. Ia
point of numbers it wu s surprise there being fully 126, perhaps mors. The muiiowM
excellent, tbe instrumental being furniahed
by those excellent artist* Messrs Jones and
Roy. The refreshments were firat olass as
they uinally are where not purchased, but
as in this case the free offering of ths ladies
whose genuine interest in the affair assured
ita auooeas from the atart. The hall itself
wu juat the thing for a promenade concert
and tho people of Cumberland and Union
are much indebted to the Piketa for the
erection of auch s magnificent hall. Probably no other town ofthe size oan bout of
10 fine a one. for thia ooouino no charge
wu made for ita aw. Every one wbo hu
attended an entertainment of this kind
knowa how difficult it ia to make the social
part of it anything bot a weary drag. And
yet it is a good thing to fnrniah people an
opportunity of getting acquainted, get tbem
mixed up, no to apeak, snd allow no tedious
periods. Wo think the effort in this direction wu more profitable than naual. And
right hers lot as noto tho pleasure it givoa
one to aoo tbo teachers of the public school
Interest themselves in the various enturtain-
mento given, no natter by whst denomination. Thoy oan always be counted on to
sssUt sad set u though they felt thoy woro
performing a public duty, whioh thoy undoubtedly aro.   Thoro have boon bat (ow
literary snd musissi ontortsinmonto in Union for ths poet yoar in whioh in sous way
thoy havo not boras a oonapicoooa part. It
goes with oat uyins that they bave been of
gnst aaoistsaos. A fow cloeing remarks woro
mado by tho Rev Mr. Willemar, thanking
tbe people for their attendance, tho perform
on for their osrvioso and all who had in say
wsy assisted, aod expressing hia gratification at ths interest manifested in tho building of s now church. Tho not receipt* wen
about |00-The following is ths
1. Exposition March	
Messrs Jones snd Roy.
2. Solo.���Psu under tho Rod,	
Miss Q. Piket
8. Solo Mr. tattoo.
4. Duet. -Jan iota,	
Miss Nickerson snd Mr. On.
6. Solo.���Clang of tho Hsasssr	
Mr. Usrtloy.
6. Rsottation.,, Mrs. Collis.
Daot.-Whiiperiog Hops	
Miss O. Piket and Mr. Hunter.
8. Solo.���Grandmother'** Arm Chair.
Mr. Harvey.
9. Rosding Mieo Powell.
10. Solo.-Yes, sir Mlae Chambers.
11. Solo.���Onr Jack's com* Horns so-day..
Mr. Cos.
12. Inst Duet-Over tho Waves	
Meosrs Jones aod Roy.
18. Solo.���lis bnt a littio faded flowor....
Miu Booth.
Ths entiro camp u well u Cumberland is
terribly ottrrod np over tho question of grsn
ting s licence to a now hotrf to bo ran by
Dickson k Co of Viotoria. Those gentlemen in order to got a license mast set sign*
tares of two thirds of those entitled to have
s voioe in ths matter. It is auid those number 660. Messrs Dickson ft Co are reported to hsve gotten already over one half,
over 300 in fact. Bnt will they get enough!
A counter petition is out alao, numerously
signed. What ia intended to accomplish
by this is tn prevent the n-quisit two thirds
signing. It is a Slow race, whnt the boys
call "nip and tuck." Which will come oata
head itu bard to say. Dickson and Co.
s%y that if they don't get tho names thoy
will build sn addition to their lp-iued premises so u to give them 30 room* and then
names don't count The other* reply, well,
if yon wsat tbe priviligo bad enoug for that,
you csn have it���tbe law giving it to you,
bat like the others you will have to invest
something. The battlo rages sil along ths
lino. This lut week the Temperance Forces
have boon re-enthused by the arrival of Mrs
Spoffard and that obsrming siogor Mrs.
David Robeon. Large and enthusiastic
meetings hare boen held and the banner of
temperance metaphorically floats every
where. Of coarse there i* a middle class who
are signing Diokoon aad Co's petition on th*
ground thst if yon 1-osom one hotel in a
place, tho next man applying hu just ss
muoh right to ths privilige;��� that there
should be no probation to the whiaky bn*-
inos, bat all treated alike, The position of
the tempertneo societies is that of prohibition and if thoy can't prohibit it entirely,
thoy will prohibit It juat as mash u they
Tho semi annual mooting of the directors
of ths Comox Agricultural snd Industrial
Association will moot st 7 p.m. Tuesday,
2nd October, at ths Agricultural Hall
Conrteuay, It is desirable that all the
members be present.
J. A. Halliday,
16 Sept 1894. Secretary.
TENDERS will be received np to October
lit, 1894 for tho ainking of No, 6 shaft.
Plans snd Specifications snd journal of
bores oan ba seen at tho office of ths Union
Colliery Co., Union.
The Company do not bind themsolvos to
accept ths lowsst or any tender.
F. D. Little,
The E. & N. Co. will .issue Return
Tickets from Nanaimo and points north
to Comox to parties attending the Agricultural Exhibition for single fare. Exhibits will be charged the usual rate, going to Comox, and returned free, if in
possession ofthe exhibitor. The tickets
will be good forthat trip of the steamer
The yearly meeting ofthe members of
thc Comox Agricultural and Industrial
Society will be held in the Agricultural
Hall, Courtenay, on Oct 10th at 7.30 p.
J. A. Halliday,
Sloan & Scott had their grand fall mnn
tic and millinery opening on 17th, 18th,
and 19th inst. It was a big success.
Hundreds of people visiting them during
the time. The rush slill contiuuci nnd
they anticipate 0 good fall and winter's
busines. The jackets and dressgoods
this season are promounced the "prettiest ye:" by all thc fair sex who have
The prices are fully '4 less than a year
ago. Ske their ad at top of lust column
of last page.
Davidson.���At Union, Friday, Sept 21
to Mr and Mrs. \V. H, Davidson, a son.
It will be recollected by many of our
readers that Mr. Oscar Low, the quiet,
gentlemanly and obliging driver of Mr.
Win. Matherson's milk w,��gon left some
two or three weeks ago on an excursion
trip, on the City of Nanaimo, to Vancouver. He had been out of health foi
some days, and when he arrived at the
Terminal City, he became so much
worse that he was nt once taken by some
friends to the City Hospital, where he
has since remained. In answer to a letter of enquiry Mr. Mathewson has received.word from the Superintendent
that Mr. Low is not dangerously or seriously ill, nnd is slowly improving, but
will hwe to remain in-the hospital for a
couple of weeks longer.
Local Brevities.
October nth is the day fixed for the
Comox Agricultural Exhibition.
In order to live wc must work, but only to work is not living.
Work on tbe Panama canal is shortly
to be resumed.
The str. Joan is crowded with freight
For Sale.���A Jersey bull, full pedigree. Apply to John Piket, Cumberland
Hotel, Union
The dyke is bringing grist to Mr. Robt.
Graham's���hotel and it is pretty well
The Las Angeles Times estimates that
the dried apricot crop of California this
year will amount to $2,000,000 in value.
The British Columbia sealers have accepted the offer of the United States of
Great poverty is reported in Melborne
among the working classes, although
food has never been cheaper.
The fight between Corbett and Jackson is off. Now let them stop wagging
their tongues!
A plague spot has been wiped out of
Courtenay. Now let us maintain the
purity of the social atmosphere.
The advertiser who curtails his advertising expenditure too much in dull timea
is likely to lind the dullness has cntn-f *.'*
The first ph-reeUns br debauch wore made.
Excess be. an, aud sloth nn-intalus tbo trado.
The wise for health on exerclae depend;
God never made bta wwka for man to mend.
The McPhee store building at Courtenay is being rapidly pushed ahead and
witb a month of good weather should be
ready for occupancy.
Among the passengers up on the Joan
Wednesday last were Milton Westwood,
Harry King and H. A. Simpson��� these
to the Bay.
Mr. Semltm bas been chosen leader of
the Opposition party which has adopted
a platform the final plank of which reads
as follows:
Th it no guarant es of interest or principal on the bonds ofthe British Pacific railway, be given until approved by the majority of the votes of the. electors of the
Mr. W. Sharp, proprietor of the Riverside hotel has refurbished and refurnished a few rooms very neatly so that
he can accommodate, if need be, a lord
or duke in suitable style.
Can any one explain why carpenters
and others working out d"ors on a rainy
morning are in the habit of continuing
to work until they are thoroughly wet,
and as soon as that is accomplished,
The E. St N. railway survey is progress
ing slowly towards Comox District, bu(
the work is being completed as it proceeds; that is to say the line is being actually located, and next spring we expect
to see the work of construction actually
We nre glad to call attention to the ad
of M. J. Henry, nurseryman and florist,
on the 4th page. We have known Mr.
Henry tor some years and know him to
be a square dealer and heartily recommend him and his stock.
The agricultural exhibition building
will soon be completed. It is a very neat
structure, with good wide cornice and
finished in front quite artistically. It will
make a good hall for lectures, dances,
meetings, etc.
On the 22nd of October there will be
a grand ball in the new Exhibition Hall
at Courtenay, the proceeds of which will
be devoted to refurnishing Puntiedge
School with globe desks. The admision
for gentlemen is one dollar.   Ladies free.
No extra charge for refreshments.
The .growth of Courtenay this year has
been steady, healthy and decidedly noticeable. The additions aie a store
with lodge room overhead and an exhibition hall, both now building, a fine
large dwelling house and two small
dwellings, and the completion of another
Geo. Heatherbell ef Hornby Island has
some good improved land, also unimproved in lots of from 40 to 200 acres
which lie will sell at $10 an acre and up
Terms to suit purchasers. Here is a
chance for a man who wants some land
cheap. The climate is better than on
thc main island. Thare is a good school
on the island, post-office and regular call
of steamer.
Wc have received some mattirc.ycs, fully ripe tomatoes from thc Little River
Gardens which show that in such ;��� summer as we have had (his year, tomatoes
can be grown here equal to those produced elsewhere. We were particularly
pleased wiih some peach tomatoes which
thc Emperor of Germany even if he does
rule by devine right might envy us the
pnsessession of.
Thc entire organized militia of thr:
United States is subject to thc orders of
the President, and can be moved and
concentrated wherever occasion for its
presence arises. When to this great
army of 100,000 men are added the 25,-
000 regulars and thc 2000 or 3000 bluejackets and marines of the warships on
the home station, it is obvious thai there
is something more than the policeman's
club between the American pec pie and
Messrs Mason Si Sinclair have been
engaged for some time in supplying tlio
people of Comox, Courienay and Union
with fresh fish, bringing around the fish
to lhe doors of their customers once a
week. Tliey are hard working, deserving men who have built up a little business for themselves, famishing fresh fish
cheaply and greatly accommodating the
public. We trust thev may receive such
encouragement as will enable them to
continue the business.
Bartlet, Keefer, Beaure D Anjon and
qther Pears, 35 cents evch. All leading
varieties of Plums including Columbia,
Abundance, Yellow Egg, Washington,
Grouse, &c, .35 cents each.
Small fruits cheap.   Send for Henry
price list   See ad in another     ' ~ NEW AUSTRALIAN MIES.
Ore Thnt it One-quarter Pore (Bold���F-mml
by six  uinheortciioii   rroa*os��tors���It
PromUet* |u link-- Tin-in Mllll.*ii;*lrr*-
���Steal liu*ri*ii*.i- uf .Mining In lliel'ol-
on Itt.
News from west Australia shows that the
new mining camp atGoolgardle may attract
stunt! of the prospectors win* aio now pouring into South Africa, This oamp ia only
a littio over six months old. It ia on the
edgo of a great ilesort, though experiments
jmt completed prova that it ia an arteaian
belt, and that a gooil Bow "f water may bo
secured if one goes deep enough. It had
already produced sotno vory rich minei-but
the news of tho discovery ol the Londonderry mine, whioh tirst oame out lustJu.ic,
placed it at once on a, level with the great
Broken Hill camp in New South Wales,
whicli has contributed io many millions to
the world'a supply of gidd.
The Coolgardio camp was first discovered
lut winter, when Bome prospeotora pens*
trated the desert In wostern Australia and
after two tlays' jotimoy over a wat-urlesaand
troolesR plain struck u high ridgo of lulls
containing "igna of mineral, A liltlo work
revealed the muno reef formation which
extendi through the larger part of Australia
and the rock was fouud woll sprinkled with
gold. Tho discoverers otiikcrl out claima
aud camo hack to civilisation for supplier.
They told the truth when lhey said it was
a rough oountry and that no man wilhouta
good outfit Bhould attempt to go to tho Lew
camp. I'CBpitc their warning?, howovor, a
great rush of tho unemployed nnd tho adventurous look placo from Perth and other
pointa, uud within a fortnight thore were
over'2,1)410 people on lho ground. \\ hat hardships ionic of iii'-*"* prospectors endured
may be judged Irom the fact that thero iH
un water for two wholo days' travel over
thc desert, ami the mercury gooB tip to 110
(���..*���' 150 degrees in tlio aim aud I'JO in the
shade. Many of these tirospcetors carried
ull their goody
which they trundled along over tho dry and
dusty roail, Wat *r was ten cents a quart,
and provisions were fabulously high, flour
being Bold for five cents n poitutl and bacon
at twenty-five cents a pound.
Theae prosjuclura wore not discouraged
by their hard BiirrouudingB, however, and
they went to work with auch a will that in
a tow weeks several promising mines wore
opened, and capitalist!* began to flock io
and bid for tho properties. The beat claim
was liayley's, which showed ore thaL aa*
Bayed from $200 to 8500 a ton. A large
number of promising locations were developed, and the town soon becamo full of life
and bustle, Aa all tha land around Ctuil-
giirdii: waa laken up in a fow weeks, the
lato comera were obliged lo atrike out and
proapect in tho vicinity. One party, made
up of four men from New South Wales and
two from Victoria, struck out for a dry
lake, south of Coolgardio. They sutlbred
terribly, na in April, whon tliey started,
the heat was terrific They had hard luck
also, as they found no good signs, though
they explored carefully a large section.
Finally, they concluded to return to Cool-
gardie and go baok to their home**. They
had reaohed a point twolvo milea from Cool-
gardie last May, when they puddenly were
rewarded for all their hardships. They made
camp in a cleaolato place, which was broken
by great boulders, or " blows," rb they are
called. Theeo are formed by spurs of
quartz rising above thu surface.
Although ho had examined hundreds of
these and never found any good signs, ono
of the party atarted out with his hammer
and laboriously sampled several blows.
In rubbing hia hand over ono large one, ho
waa amazed to s-.-f nigna of gold. Iiu broke
off a piece and found it
ho had ever laid eyea nn. Helow the broken piece ho could pcq traces of a reof, and
it flashed across hia mind that here waa tho
bonanza he and hia partners had beeu seeking, no he made hia way back to camp,
showed hia specimens, and the tent waa at
onco atruck und moved ao as to cover the
rioh rock. All the neighboring land on
tho line of the reef, which projected above
the ground like the spinal column of a
mammoth animal, was pegged out and entered in their names. Then onn man waa
aent to Coolgardio to buy a " dolly," or
machine for reducing quartz by hand.
With thia rudo apparatus the four men soon
had 4,000 ounces of gold cleared from tho
rich quartz.
As this represented over $00,000, they
naturally felt nervous about keeping thia
large sum in a tent. Ho they decided to
carry the gold to Colgardie and placo it in
a bank. They put the treasure in largo
eauvaa bags, and hy means of a small handcart they carried it to the town. The
manager of tho Union Bank weighed it,
and the total amounted to 4,270 ounces.
During the three weeks that these men
had been at work they hud kepi their good
luck a profound neoret. Tho few pasiiera-by
supposed they Wore morely prospecting,
and no one dreamed that a great treasure
waa being dug out of this unpromising field.
But the deposit of ho largo an amount of
gold led to talk, antl hy the following day
the news waa out. Tho town of Coolgardio
went wild, and in a few hours tho country
about the now mine wna Hwurming with
locators. In another fortnight the Londonderry mine had produced au additional
8,000 ounces, and ex|tertH who examined
the   reef  declared  that  there   whs   fully
��86,000 iu Bight.   Tho��roek continued to
ahow gold throughout, and of ull that had
boen worked up to the middle of Juno the
percentage of pure gold was onc-tontli.
Tho reef which thu lucky owners of tho
Londonderry mine struck, ii an Ironstone
formation of glanny mitre, and tho gold
runs clear through the atone,
The ore ia peculiar and somo pieces aro
richer than any quartz that has heen found
to Australia in years. ���The reef if three feet
six inches wide ami the atono ia oaiily,
broken of! in largo chunks. Mr. Ilegclhole
a well-known expert, after a careful examination of tho reef, declared that this mine
waa the richest that has ever been uncovered in Australia. To use hia own words:
*��� If she goes down there's millions iu her."
It is evident thtt the owners have faith in
the mine going down, as thoy have refused
very largo offers for thoir interest. Two
ofthe original six Bold outto their partners,
and the great mine ia no w owned hy Huxley
andKlliottof Victoria and Mills of New
South Wales, The richest piece of qiiar!
found was christened "Hit- Hen." It
weighs about 2*10 pounds, at*d ia estimated
to contain moro gold than nre. Its value
is 910,000, and this eum Mr. Elliott paid
for it in order to preserve it na a specimen.
Many of the largo piuccs of ore that havo
been crushed contained   fully one-fourth
pure gold. A few more weeks will show
lhe extent and richness of the reef, as with
prupcr machinery this can reudily ho determined. If the reef continue-) to ho rich
fora few hundred feet tho threo owners
will he converted into millionaires, Thoy
aro all practical minora, but this ia their
first great piece of luck in many years of
Ono peculiar feature of tho new mining
camp is tho rapid influx of Afghans, who
have swarmed in in auch numbers that whit u
laborora have little ahow. Theso Asiatics
worked for lower wages than whito minera
would accept, and they  monopolized  the
itnall iradrs and tho carrying business.
Thuy alao havu been taken uu amet-ularworkmen iu many of the mines, aud a uu.iiibar-*
of them havo located claims, although this
The matter of granting miners' rights to
these Afghans wu brought up in ths weat
Australian Parliament, and the Premier
declared that the privileges of mining wore
reserved for whito men. The Government,
he said, did not propose to see evory
promising mining oamp overrun by cheap
Asiastics, and if lhe present laws were not
stringent enough to prevent the Afghans
from entering into competition with white
men, theu the Government would boo to it
that new legislation was adopted. What
makes this question more interesting is
that weat Australia, like the other colonies
haa barred out Chinese coolies, only to be-
selected as a ncw field by the equally objectionable Kast Indians, who are flocking
to all tlie coloniea hy tho thouaands.
The large prospecting parties which atari
out from camps like Cuolgardie use camels
for packing purposes, Ouo oamel will carry
as much as two mules, and ho is tho ideal
beast of burden for desert travol, as no
water is required until he reaches his destination. Without the camel it is doubtful whether prospecting or exploration
could ho catricd on successfully in any of
thedeserl regions of w-*nt or south Australia.
One of the best rigs for rapid deiert travol
ia a Strom; buckhourd with throe camels,
ono harnessed laudem in front of a span,
ll ia a queer-looking rig, hut one may cover
hig distances with it in a country which
would kill even tlio toughest mnlo or
Throughout all parts of Australia thero is
a genuine revival of gold mining auch as
haa not been aeon in many yeara. The
immediate cause of this was scarcity of
work iu all lho largo towns. Hundreds
were thrown outof work on the big cattle
ami sheep ranges and many good mechanics
found themselves idle became of the dul-
nesa in tho building trades. Tne firat thing
the AuBtraliau turns to when ho is out of a
job ia prospecting, and hence during the
last year
bave been swarming ovor the desolate
country in tbe mountains of Viotoria, New
South Wales, and weat Australia, Muoh
of this territory has never been explored,
and it wan in theso virgin districts that the
best finds were made. Several rioh discoveries, however, woro made near old abandoned digginge,an 1 in mure than one instance
luck has attended the search of mere novices,
clerks, who have been dropped out of pool-
Uons and who atruck into the hills after
gold, precisely as tho pioneers of Ballarat
did forty years ago. Lust year the beat
camp found wob at Wyalong, Now South
Wales. It was near the old Temora diggings,
and the wonder ia that careful prospecting
failed to disclose its richness yeara ago.
Tho town ia now growing rapidly, and the
mines inolude aome of the beat paying property in the colonies. Glen Willa and Omeo
are also two paying camps iu New South
Wales that have been the scene of great
rushes during the laat eighteen months.
The minera who have opened theae districts
had greater hardships to contend with than
any of the pioneers of California, for the
couutry ia far rougher and there is no placer
mining. Tho easiest working mines are the
hydraulic ulaimo, known in the colonies as
"alluvial," but the greater part of the mining ia reef mining, which needs tunnelling
and heavy machinery. What tho gold output of Australia for 1894 will bo cannot be
estimated, but it is safe to say that the
development of so many new districts will be
sure to bring it up to a large figure.
For The Young.
The Rain.
In the west are dara clouds gathered.
And the thunder mutters low.
And the rain roars in tbe distance
Like a mighty torrents'* now.
Onward roll the great dark storm clouds,
Onward. In majestic form;
And tbe air aeema hushed and frightened.
At the coining of the storm.
Now the tempest is upon ub,
Eyes are blinded by the Hash
Ot the lightning-then we tremble
When we hear the thunder's crash.
With a rymthmlc. dull refrain.
With a heavy, steady downpour.
Now at last has come the r-lo.
In mid-winter, 1894, an old-fashioned
deep-drifting anow practically stopped
businesa and travel in a busy city aeldom
visited by deep snowfalls. Cable and electric cars were stopped, and for a period ni
two days tho city's hundreds of homes contained restless prisoners.
Out In one of the suburbs, in a cable
gripinan's home, Easy Barr watched and
waited patiently beside her favorite window, hoping to get a glimpse of papa's car
rounding the corner, ploughiug its way
through the anow.
Two long daya wore on. The deep anow
atill blocked the track and street. All waa
still, and ao lonesome for a little maid who
loved company,
On the third morning Easy pressed close
to the window pane a tear-atalned little
face. She aaid sadly : "Itis auch a deep
snow mamma. Perhaps papa fa covered
deep in it���so deep���"
" Nonsense," laughed Mrs. Barr. "I
might atand you in one of the drifts and
cover ovor your curly head, but papa ia a
tall man. He muat help clear the cable
track. Vou have company, dear. See, up
in tho apple tree near the east window."
Two eleek gray squirrels aat ia an apple
tree upon a limb, rubbing a frozen apple.
A few of the late winter apples yet olung
to the boughs.
"The dears 1 Only hear the bunnies
acold," laughed Esay. They are not afraid
of mo."
"No dear," returned Mrs. Barr. The
squirrels are hungry. Ihey are driven by
hunger into being fearless. You may open
tbe window and strew upon the sill aome
of the nuts grandma gave you, I think
the bunnies will thank you for a good
Essie selected a number of her choicest
nuts* She laid them on the window aill
calling: "Bunny, bunny, coma to break-
Tho bunnlea accepted Easy's treat The
cunning little creatures ate the nuts greedily, chattering and scolding as they ate.
When Euy attempted to caress one of them
each bunny ran away.
"The squirrels aro evidently not tamo.
They have not been pets or caged," said
Mrs. Barr.
"What do you think, mamma!" inquired
Easy eagerly.
"I do not know bow to answer you, I
think the bunnies may have been lazy during
the nutting season when all industrious squirrels store nuts in treo trunks
for their winter's aupply of food, and
now   the   tramp bunnies must beg���"
"Ob, no, mamma, my bunnies were not
lazy," cried Easy. "They didn't beg. They
were perfectly happy eating the litttle apples, hard frozen, tough apples hanging
upon the tree,"
'-Perhaps the last nut harvest was not
A Marked Uevlval of lttnlHf-4-t In lhe
In lied Stalei-TlH* M hole World Will
Hliiirc In Ibe Improvement,
(jood ellects already begin to follow tho
tariiT settlement at Waahiugton. Importers
are taking their goods out  of  bond,   the J good.   The walnut and hickory nut troea
securities of United   Siatea corporations   yioldod no nuts ;  the hazel  boughs wero
are selling again in London, and tho money
market is stronger iu New York. When
the President bas affixed hia signature to
the bill or allowed it to become law, operators may be expecled to throw off reaerve
and launch their capital freely under the
auspicea of the new tariff. Their confidence
will not necessarily reflect their satisfaction with the tarilF. The tariff waa an unknown factor, it is now a known one.
That is enough to make an enormous difference between past and future business,
even if the new tariff were worse thau the
old. There can hardly be any question
that there will be.
in the United States. The duties on raw
materials have beeu lowered, in aomo cases
removed. Lumber and wool are both on
the free list, on iron ore the duty has been
lowered from 75c. to 40c, and on bituminous coal an equal reduction has been made.
The diminished cost of theao four materials
should givo an impulse to manufacture and
consumption very beneficial to wages and
trade. On the fooda and food constituents
the duties as a whole are somewhat lower.
On manufactured articles there has boon a
material levelling down, but protection has
not been abandoned. It ia a tariff that
should contribute more to the prosperity of
the country than the McKinley Act did.
Good or bad, the tariff will give industry in
tho United States a chance to throw otf the
liatleasness that has so long oppressed it
All othor conditions are favorable for a
start. Monoy is plentiful and cheap, the
low prices are an incentive to buying and investment, low atocka leave acopo for manufacturing aoiivity which will call for capital
and bands, Lastly, wages are low. Out
of auch conditiona, with an abundance of
material wealth and full confidence,
The Uidled Stales, even when tariff lookod
by tho McKinley Act, could nut keep to
itself ita brief prosperity under that law.
If its fortunes riso now, other countries will
share iu the benefit. British capital will be
wanted. The recommencement of importation on a normal scale will raise prices in
outside countries, and lucreuso tho imports
of these countries, and their business to*
gather and with the United States. Canada
will undoubtedly reap direot good from
the new tariff, as well as nor share
in its effeots on general trade. We
should be ablo to sond barley into the
United Statea under an ad valorem duty of
,'I0 per cent. A twenty per cent, duty on
butter will not be a constant bar to exportation from thia country. Our egg exports to
the States will be pretty certain to rise to
lheir old volume now that the duty is So,
a dozen lower. Lumber, of course, will be
a large export. Apples and other fruits
grown in Canada are on tbe freo list The
duty on potatoes is lowered from 25c a
buahel to IK) per cent ad valorem. The
more confidence rises in tho United States,
the more will the consumptive capacity of
that country enlarge, and the greater will
bo the demand for articles that can be imported.
"Xo, mamma. Tho nut harvest was
uot poor. (Irandma said the nut treea
were hanging full this year," declared
"I see that we shall have need to look
farther for an explanation of the hard times
whioh haa made our bunnies ao friendly.
Perhaps they will return to-morrow," said
Mrs. Barr.
The squirrels did return once more.
Apparently the little creatures were almos
starving for want of food.
Easy yet refuses to believe the bunnies
were idle or Improvident during the nut
harvest time. She believes their store
houses were snowed under���barricaded.
Which do you think ?
Not Concerned.
The dainty bit nf a summer girl in a bewildering fluff of gown was twittering
sweetly to the rural youth, and he waa bo
tickled that ho couldn't lit still, She had
only been in tlie country two days and had
met him that mottling,
"la it always ao warm aa thia in the
country ?" ahe inquired.
" Vou don't think this iB warm do you?"
ho responded,
" Indeed, I do ; I think it is positively
" Likely it la, but it is fine weather for
Sho looked at him doubtfully and blushed,
But I have no carna," ahe Baid, and he
fell off the porch in a paroxysm,
the Stories or Wonderfully Wrk Dis-
coverlea Fully -Toiiflrmril.
The stories of wonderful gold discoveries In western Australia have beon confirmed by official despatches. The details of the
principal find near Coolgardio has already
reaohed London. A party of sit were
returning from an unsuccessful prospecting
tour on May 8, When in camp one
night they separated to test and examine
the neighborhood, A man named Mills
came to one of the large " blows" which are
characteristic of tho country. Ho was
astonished en rubbing his handa across a
protruding piece of stcne to see gold standing out prominently. He knocked a large
piece oil a boulder, and at hia feet lay a
magnificent specimen Morally studded
with coarse gold, while before him,
dazzling his eyes, waa a magnifloant
reef of almost pure gold, a fortune in
itaelf. Mills, taking several pieces of
the reef, plsoed them In his bosom, and,
carefully covering the reof with earth,
found his mates. On the next morning 25
acres were pegged off, and the adjoining
blocks at each end were also taken up.
One man went to town, and bought a dolly,
the largest he could procure. In nne day
they dollied 1,000 ounces, and in a abort
time had nearly $100,000 worth of ore. On
June .11 they packed ft in a cart, and landed the treasure at the Union Bank. The
manager weighed the gold, and it turned
the scales at 4,280 ounces, A few days
afterwards the discovery became public.
Ono lump was taken from the reof containing more gold than ore. It weighed 240
pounds, and is worth 820,000. of oourse,
there is immense excitement in the region,
and many other discoveries are reported,
but there Is unlikely to be anything left
for late comers,
A Great Discoverer.
The death is announced, at the age of 91,
of Francois-Clement Maillot, a dootor, who
wm to malarial fever as Jenner to smat -
pox and Pasteur to hydrophobia. Indeed.it
may bo said that to him France owes Algeria. It was at the beginning of colonization there, when farmers and soldiers wero
dying like flies owioe to a mysterious
malady that battled all the resources of
medical skill. Maillot was sent to the
hospital at tho seaport town of Bone, Resolved to wrestle with the fever, he boldly
administered large doses of sulphate ol
qninine. Tho effect was instantaneous ; tho
deaths fell from 25 to 5 per cent, and in
one year it is probable that no less than
I 400 lives were saved. Like most discoverers, Maillot had to fight with prejudice ; he
was accused among other things of administering poison to tho invalids. But he
persevered, and his remedy is now well
known to those who are compelled to
inhabit the tropics. His end is not without iU pathos. He was living In a state
akin to destitution, when at the ago of 86
he received from thoso whom ho had cured
a'pension of 6,000 francs a year.
the Vast Mortgage Udebtctlaess or Um*
Vnlle* Slates.
On January 1,1890, the aggregate mortgage indebtedness of the United States
amounted to 86,019,679,985. This vast sum
waa represented by 4,777,698 mortgages on
acre tracts aod lots in village, town and
city. Of theae there were at the dato mentioned 273,352,109 acres pledged for debt
and 4,161,138 lots, The heaviest mortgage
burden ia borne by New V ork, viz,, $1,607,
874,301, and the smallest mortgage debt
rests upon Kovada, $2,194,995. Mr. Carroll
W. Wright, who Issues the census bulletins
for tho United States, figures that the
mortgage debt throughout tho union
amounts to $96 a hoad of the population,
The largest proportion of mortgaged aorea
ia in Kansas, where 00.32 por cent of the
total number of taxed acres are encumbered,
The mortgage debt of the northern and
western atates is groater than that of the
southern atates, in several of which the land
is conspicuously free from encumbrance.
The statistics show that it was for amall
debts in tho great majority of cases that the
mortgages wero given, 0,03 per cent of the
wholo number mado during the ten yeara
ending December 13, 1889, being for
amounts of less than $100 each, while $45.17
por cent were for sums less than $500,
08.54 per cent, for sums less than $1,000,
And only 4.05 per cent for $5,000 or over.
Th-* interest tables on this debt are
interesting as showing the shrinkage in the
rate. Hard times bring low prices even in
the borrowing price of money. Tho average
rate of Interest, saya the New York Sun,
declined from 7.14 per cent, in 1880 to 6.75
per cent. In 1889. Of the aggregate mortgage indebtedness incurred during the ten
years throughout the union, 16,06 per cent,
waa subject to rates less than fi per cent;
41.89 per cent to a rate of G per ont, and
42.05 per cent to rates higher than that
lost named. Passing to details, we observe
that in tho decennial period of 1880*89 the
rate of interest on mortgages fell in New
Vork from 5.89 to 5.34 per cent; iu Massachusetts from fi.06 to 5.35 ; in Connecticut from 5.91 to 5.54 ; in New Jersey from
5.98 to 5.61, and in Pennsylvania from 5.87
to 5.65. In Kansas, the average rato of
interest dropped from 0.47 to 8.48 ; in
Colorado from 11.05 to 8,22 ; in Nebraska
from 8.82 to 8.04, and in South Dakota
from 10.31 to 8.90. In Virginia, West
Virginia and Tennessee the average rate
has remained nearly stationary, oloae to 6
per cent. In two states, Vermont and
South Carolina, tho rate haa risen, in the
former from 5.81 to 5,93 and in the latter
from 7.50 to 8.35.
Investigation showed that not more than
1,73 per cent of the sums secured by mortgages was disbursed for farm and family
expenses. By personal enquires made in
102 selected counties, it waa found that
80.15 per cent, ot the mortgages in number
snd 82.50 per cent in value were made for
purchase money and improvements,
The Experience ol a Yonna Lad? In Hob
Ireal "Hbo Exneclfil to Die-How lle
Llfe Wns saved.
From LaPatrle, Montreal.
The full duty of a newspaper is not simply to convey news to its readers, but to
give such information as will bo of value
to them in all walks of life, and this, we
take it, includes the publication ol auch
evidence as will warrant those who may
unfortunately be in poor health giving a
fair trial to the remedy that haa proved of
lasting benefit to others, LaPatrio having
heard of the cure ot a young lady living at
147 St Charles llorrome street, of more
than ordinary interest, determined to make
an investigation of the caae with a view to
giving ita readers the particulars. The
roporter'a knock at the door was answered
by a young person neatly dressed, and
showing all the appearance of good health.
" I camo to inquire," aaid the reporter,
" concerning the young lady cured by the
uae of Dr, Williams' Pink Pills."
" In that case it must be myself," said
tho young girl smiling,, " for 1 have been
very aick and laid up with heart disease,
and some months ago thought I would soon
sleep in Cote dea NeigOB cemetery. Won't
you come in and sit down and I will toll
you all about it 1"
The young girl whose name is Adrienne
Suave, is about 19 yeara of age. She stated
that some years ago she became ill, and
gradually the disease took an alarming
character. She was pale and listless, her
blood was thin and watery, aho could not
walk fast, could not climb a stair, or do in
fact any work requiring exertion. Her
heart troubled her bo much and the palpitations were so violent as to frequently
fire vent her from sleeping at night, her
Ips were blue and bloodless, and she was
subjeot to extremely severe headaches.
Hor condition mado her very unhappy for,
being an orphan, she wanted to be nf help
to the relations with whom she lived, but
instead was becoming an incumbrance.
Having read of the wonders worked by Dr.
Williama'I'ink I'ills, MiBsSuavedetermined
to give them a trial. Alter using one or two
boxes she began to revive somewhat and
felt stronger than before. She slept better,
the color began to return to her cheeks,
and a new tight shone in hor eyes. This
encouraged her so much that she determined to continue the treatment, and soon the
heart palpitations snd spasms which had
mado her life miserable passed away, and
she waa able to assist onoe more In the
household labor. To-day she feels as
young and as cheerful as any other young
and healthy girl of her age. She iB very
thankful for what Dr. Williama' Piuk Pills
havo done for her, and feels that she cannot too highly praise that marvellous
remedy. Indeed her caso points a means
ol rescue to all other young girls who find
that health's roses have flown from their
cheeks, or who are tired on slight exertion,
subject to fits of nervousness, headaches
and palpitation of the heart, In all such
oases Dr. Williams' Pink Pilla are an un
failing ouro. Sold by all dealers or sent by
mail postpaid; at 50 cents a box, or six
boxes for t&AO. by addressing the Dr.
Williams' Medicine Company, Brockville,
Ont, or Schenectady, N, Y. Beware of
imitations and substitutes alleged to bo
"just as good."
An Order Easily Filled.
" I'll take a little of everything," said
Taddles to tho waiter, after glancing over
the bill of fare at the restaurant
" Yes," replied the waiter, who straightway brought a plate of hash.
Have good will to all that lives, letting
unkindness die, and greed and wrath; so
that your lives be made like soft airs passing by.���Sir Edwin Arnold.
Get Rid of Neuralgia.
There Is no uae in fooling with neuralgia.
It is a diseaso lhat gives way only to tho
most powerful remedies. No remedy yet
discovered has given the grand results that
invariably attends the employment ol Poison's Nerviline. Nervilino is a positive
specific for all nerve pains, and ought to bo
kept on hand in every family. Sold overy
where, 25 cents a bottle,
At Rod Cliff, Col., a woman candidate
for mayor was defeated at a recent election
largely by the votes of women.
St. Leon ia recommended on the highest scientific authority. Why dose your
system  with filthy   drugs when St,   Leon
n bo obtained for a trifle ?
Among Edison's recent patents is one
for an improved form of lamp filament and
a method of magnetic ore separation.
It Sharpens
the appetite, improves digestion, and restores health and vigor ; ail the organs of
the body are aroused to healthy action by
Dr. Pierce'a Golden Medical Discovery.
More than all, tbo liver���and that's the key
to the whole system, Yon havo pure blood
or poisonous blood, juat as yonr liver
chooses. The blood controls the health, the
liver controls the blood, the "Discovery"
controls tho liver.
You can escape just about half the Ilia that
flesh is heir to, by being ready for them.
Brace the system np with this medicine,
whioh prevents as well as cures. For all
diseases caused by a disordered liver or
impure blood���dyspepsia, biliousness, the
most stubborn skin, scalp and scrofulous
affections, the "Discovery" is the only
remedy so certain and effective that it can
be guaranteed. If it doesn't bonfit or ouro,
you bave yonr money back.
Yon pay only for the good you got.
Tho customs authorities of Boston have
deoided that tho works of Zolo aro immoral
but not obscene.
General A, J. Pleasanton, originator of
tho blue glass theory died at his homo in
Philadelphia, aged 86 yeara.
Rosea aro now In full bloom. Many complain that their plants throw suckers from
the roots. These are budded roses. You
should buy roses grown on own roota, then
Kilt have no trouble. Brown Bros. Co.,
Toronto, Ont, are tho leading rose growera
in tho country.   Write tbem for an agency
Aftor a courtship of two hours James
Wood and Miss Mary Stewart were married
reoently near Voungstowu.O.
Charlatans and Quacks.
Have long plied their vocation on the suffering pedals of tho people.   The knifo has
Kared to the quick ; caustic applications
ave tormented the victim of corns until
the conviction shaped Itself���there's no
cure. Putnam's Painless Corn Ritraotor
proves on what slender basis public opinion
often rests. If you suffer from corns get
tho Extractor and yon will le satisfied.
Sold everywhere.
A Cleveland contractor has undertaken
to move a atone house weighing 6,500 tono,
baaement and all, a distance of sixty feet.
Spooner's Phenyls Disinfectant mixed
with fish oil or grease, will prevent the
Horn fly. Apply with a brush about the
horns, head and back of animala.
In a recent parade In Youngatown, O.,
the search lights were operated by threshing engines.
Recipe,���For Making a Delicious
Health Drink at Small Cost.
Adams' Root Beer Extract ono bottle
FlelBchmaan'a Yeast half a cako
Sugar two pounds
Lukewarm Water two gallons
DlBsotvo the sugar andyoaatin the water
add the extract and bottlo; placo in a warm
place for twenty-four hours until It ferment**,
then placo on ice, whon it will opon sparkling
nnd delicious.
The root boer oan be obtained In all drug
nnd grocery stores tn 10 and -& cent bottlea to
mako two and five gallons
A P. 726.
That Tired Feeling
The marked benefit which people overcome
by That Tired Feeling derive from Hood's Sarsaparllla, conclusively
proves that this medicine "makes thc weak
strong." J. 1). Emerton,
a well known merchant
of Auburn, Maine, says:
"About live years ago
I began to suffer with
very severe pain ia
mar Siaaaach, grad*
...--g^ yBrowing worse.  1
Mr. j. b. Emerton, took Ho0(-'9 s**r*-��l-n*-
rllln, being convinced
that I was troubled with Dyspepsia complicated with Liver nnd Kidaey troubles. I
Improved at once and urn certainly very much
better and feel more tike working.
Hood's Sarsaparilla
always gives mo relief and great comfort.  Ii
is ii God-send to any one suffering as I did."
HOOD'S PlLlS cure Habitual Constipation by
reiturltij,' peiiilaltlu auUuuuf tlie ullim-iUiu* num.
FIRMS WANTED- If you wish to soil.
send card for descrlptivo blank to the Old
Dominion Land Advertising Company .Toronto
St��� Phllo., Pa.
Caw*, 1000 prinlinKi.po-itnald.only
cents,   Tho Herald, No. 156 A. bum
-fc-u.-rbSi*o-t^l-m*t-sj* permanently cured.
'���o advance fees.  Cure guaranteed.
. JE       LINTON    .     INSTITUTE
write for circulars.      OS Shnlor St., Toronto.
Re-opens September 6, IBM.
All teacher* honor graduates of universities
or college*-. Regular courses for graduation
In literature and science, mutdc, art, elocution,
otc. Excellent accommodation, inspiring instructor--, refining iM-sodatlaii* and pleasant
surrounding**. Address tho Principal,
A. BURNS, S.T.D., L.L.D.
SPLENDID RECORD oTste candidates for
Senior Matriculation, AH woro BUcco-Hful.
Candidates prepared for Teachers' oortlQoatss,
Diploma** awarded In Commercial Science,
MuhIc, Fine Arts, Elocution. Will reopen
Thursday, September 6th, 'IH.
Fur calendar address
tf(*i*al tQMy Imported*=��!
,    TeJ^/yAdviceirtclo)
liwij t orv $ettff\Q this Cosi
' cSSalg-r' '���**:*>>. J*-'**J5
Be suro'nnd get ono for your Buggy. Tako no
other kind. They won't disappoint you.
They nro better than ovor for 1891.
Kvery Mu.lo T.aeh.r int'a.
pw       iiaiiji Htiould know whoro tllcy
E SftV "i��lr Mu,l�� <*ear>o.,C
l Write ua for falalopuoa! aim
���ample copy of lho Cahibiah
Miisiouk, a live monthly Journal with 11.00 worth of moalo
in oach issue. 13 to Ifi per tlay
mailehy canvassers. See prom-
lumlisV Wo carry everything
in the Mualc line.
leads to Consumption. Stop
the Cough, heal the Lungs
and strengthen the System
the Cream of Cod-liver OU
and hypophosphites. It is
palatable and easy on the
stomach. Physicians, the
world over, endorse lu
Don't be deceived hy Substitutes!
Sjeott 4 Bowas, BelloTlllt. AU Pranbu. Mu. a II.
FARMERS,  "usesomethingtfjod,
|XO Gold medalHl
Hardware und General Stores all noil it
SAMUEL ROGERS * CO.,  Toronto, Ont.
MANHOOD Wrecked & Rescued
By W. J. Huntkr, Th.]),, D.D.   A surloa o
rhuplerfi to men on aoelnl purity snd right Ut
lug. It Ib written In plain lanifilsKO tnat nl
limy uiulorst'inil. 1*1 vn Agents Watted. Cir
rill-in-, containing term-* H.mt on nppli-'-Ulon
Wiu.UM Hitman, ruhll-hor, Toronto. Ont,
Canada Permanent
Loan aod Savings Company.
Oflice  loront i�� St, Toronto.
Subscribed Capital	
Paid up Capital.   2.000.0
Reserved Fnnds    1.584.0
Tho enlnrgcd oniiitnl and resource* of this
Company, together wllli ttio incroAHed f-vciti-
lie*. It now has for mipplyin** liuul owner* with
cheap money, unable llie l)ireetor*t to meet
with prompt ties* all roqulremont'* for loan*
upon satisfactory real oafeto security. Application may bu mado to tho Company's local
Appraisers, or to....
Mnnnglng Director.
EHSna Model 1889
Hade In B*K 88-40 and 44*40 calibres.  TlicllKlitc-.t,
Klmoloit ami itrnniTi-it. irni'atiir on tlintii-irki-t.
"mite for cMalognei to
Tie HarUB Fire Arms Co.,
Kew Boron, conn,u.s.i
per.   Cost --im. will noil at 800.   Doeidoil
Hart;:*-in.-I'ark.HlaekwcU &Co. Ltd..Toronto.
Thc tint edition of xhfa hnndsome now Uiu-**
trntod weekly ROWSpjtper appeared Aug. 24,
nnd It Hold like hot cake* every whero It was
lot reduced.
In evory town.   Tho most liberal lorm*evor
a fibred,  Bo tho first to apply,   Writo: "Tho
Karth."Rirth Building, 73to81 Adelaide HI.
W., Toronto, Ont.
Canada. .   .
1 have been drinking 8t.Loan Minora! Water
roRulnrly for four year*, and conntdcr it tho
very hist, t lii.ii*; to drink while In general training. It 1* nn excellent regulator, navIng completely oured mo of constipation nnd kidney
W, II. HABLITT. 833 Manning Avo���
Champion Pedestrian of Can-ida.
St. Leon Mineral Water Co'y, Ltd.
Head Offloe-Klag St. W.. Toronto.
All DruRKlsts, Uroocrij nnd Hotolrf.
Thoy give perfect satisfaction in fit, style and finish, and it has become a b*r*
word that
"OranbyRubbers'* wear like Iron.
Our Specialty.
Wo have letter* from nil part* of Cunoda saying
Preston Furnaces are the Best
Lot pi send you Catalogue ami full particular*, aud yoif can
Judge for Yourself.
Our Steel Dome and
Steel Low Radiator
- Coal Furnace
with three steel radiating flues-
ta �������� MOST POWERFUL
Heater made tn Canada.
If your local dealer dooa not Imndlt**
onr good**, write our nt are-it bouse.
The McClary Mfg. Co.,
���*- PUMPS
S:    GapacH*? from 10,000 io 80,00 Cubic T��et    5
adnptod for wood barning        .
Heavy Steel Plat. Fir. Box Dom. *
and Radiator, which heat"
qniokor nnd aro more durable "
RADIATOR of Modern Construe "
tion and Groat Heating Power.
COAL FURNACE       ***.
Large Combustion Chamber"
Long Fir. Tra��.l,eno!rollng radiator-
l.arjie Heating Surface ���
Large  Feed Door >
8eotlonal Fire Pet
Rotating Bar Dumping Orate      "
������-.Full Guaranteed Capacity : Hffiiiii .,��,t��itimo.-.*l ���oe.,3
...Manufactured bj.
Ao mod u I had oottlod down I arranged
with an advertising agent and announoed
to tho world at luge, through the medium
of the Timea, tho Morning Poet, and tho
Saturday Review, that a lady of birth and
education desired to reaide in the houeo of
a oountry clergyman. She would, the ad -
vertisment continued, bring her own maid
if required, and thero wai no objection to
The morning after my advortiaement appeared, I received, nt a very moderate
computation- five hundred letters, eaoh of
which offered me the moat exceptional nd*
vintages. The ahowor ot communications
continued tor tour or fivo days, although
the advertisementa wero only ineerted onoe.
I telt something of tho perplexity wbioh
muat beset a Civil Service examiner aa I
oponed thia maaa of correspondence and
sorted it out. But the task of eeleotion,
whon onoe I tot myae't to it, proved auy,
Ultimately I pitched upon whnt I may
term a eeleoted half-doson, and of thia
ohoeen aix again, I decided upon ono with
whom I would firat communicate.
The Reverend Mr. Stookfold waa a Lin-
oolnahire Rector, and hia Keotory wh
about ten milea from Boston, and about
four from the coast. He waa a married
man, of course, aud had a somewhat largo
family, but received no boarders or pupils.
If I desired it, I oould have a largo private
alttlng-room, and, exoept on Sundayi,oould,
by arrangement, have my meals at my own
t houra and in my own room. There wu o
large garden and stabling if 1 should re*
quire iu But he felt bound to tell mo that
he had hardly any neighbors, and that 1
must expect to find the plaoe lonely.
"Lonely 1" Why, it waa tho very plaoe
I wanted. I ahould be entirely out of tho
world, within easy access of London, nnd
ahould be living under circumstances whioh
would enable mo to maintain a practically
aafe incognito.
My letter went off by the noxt post with
a reference to my bankers. Bankers are
dlsoreet persona, never saying more than
they need. They, of oourse, would reply
that Mra. Gasooigne (1 atill retained my
recent nom do guerre) had, to the beat of
their knowledge, an Income considerably
exceeding her annu+l drafts upon them.and
that her account waa of aome standing, and
had been favorably introduced.
Suoh, aa I aoon afterwards ascertained,
waa the exact tenor of their letter. I served Mrs. Ges:oigne'i purpose completely.
That good lady, with a heart full of for*
giveneaa and Christian feelings towards all
her persecutors, apent a week or two longer
in London from whioh ahe felt a atrango
disinclination to tear herself. She purchased
books, carefully avoiding anything in the
alightest degree questionable. She alao
procured aome country costumes, whioh
were pleasant and elegant, but not at all
calculated to arouse hostility or  jealousy.
Mrs. Gasooigne���that is to uy, I���waa
favorably impressed by the Reverend Mr.
Stookfold, by hia wife, and by the numerous olive branches ol the Stookfold family.
Before the day waa ovor 1 had found out
all about them without telling them a word
about myaelf.
Mra. Stookfold had been the fourth or
fifth or sixth daughter of a cotton lord.
Mr. Stookfold, who had taken a aecond
olaaa in Law and Modern History, and
oould play the flute, had been domeatio
tutor to oneof the cotton lord'a sons. When
that great magnate had been informed by
the young peoplo of the aileution which they
entertained  for  ono another, he had re-
{died that except in ao far aa they might
nvolve financial arrangements he never,
on principal, took any part in domeatio
matters. He had no objection, however,
to the marriage; and suggested that, in*
���toad of tying up a little money In Three
per Cents, it would be better by far to
buy a living at once, and make arrange-
menU for the speedy withdrawal, on tho
grounds of ill health or any other, of iu
immediate occupant.
At last, I laid to myself with almost
pious gratitude over my evening cup of tea
���whioh, by-the-way, was not at all ungenerously weak���at last I really think I have
found reat for the sole of my foot, and
Saople with whom it will be possible to
well together in unity, aud to enjoy a refreshing souse aa of the precious ointment
which overflowed Aaron a beard, aud ran
down to the skirts or hia olothing.
And yet when I took my previous disasters Into account, auoh good fortune aeemed
Next day, in company with two of the
girls, I explored the neighborhood. The
roads In Lincolnshire, or, at any rato, in
thia part of it, are perfectly flat, A Lincolnshire farmer driving along them in his
gig oan aee and recognize another Lincolnshire farmer coming in the opposite direction at the diatancu of a mile, or, in olear
weather, of a mite and a half. The country
is intersected with great dykea full of
stagnant water which are crossed by squat
atone bridgea. The fields are delimited by
���mailer dykea or aorubby hedges, and
aometimea by low wal'a of rubble, A tree
ia a rare object, and a dump of treea or a
single tree of any size aeema to aerve aa a
landmark lor all the adjacent neighborhood.
The industry of Lincolnshire seems to be
entirely agricultural. You see, according
*n> to the aeason, oattle of various agea and
crops of varioua kinda ; and there are alao
any number of windmills, but factory chimneys are happily conspicuous by their
absence, I ahould aay that In Lincolnshire
a Dutchman would feel more or leu at
home, were it not for an uneasy aenso that
the whole place was too large for him and
that he had somehow lost his bearings.
Seriously I began to wonder whether the
Influences of the plaoe might not possibly
!;row upon me. We had family prayers, 1
ound, at half-past nlna o'olook every evening. After prayers everybody went to
bed, with the exception of the master of
the house, who stopped up to write his
aermons. Thia literary effort uaed to oo-
oupy him about an hour, and at the conclusion of his task a quick nose might
detect In the atmosphere just the suspicion,
and nothing more, of tobacco and Dutch
Hollands. But I may be, perhapa, unqharit-
able. * The Lincolnshire coast is notorious
for IU smugglers, and it ia just possible
that these worthies laden with schledam
and tobacco, passed the house every night
in the course of their business aftor the
majoritiy of its inmates had retired to reat.
If ao, I never saw anything of them, as 1
waa always in hod and far too comfortable
to go to the window.
And here I may add, what I had almost
forgotten, that the Rectory walls were
thiokly covered with honeysuckle and small
white roses whioh thrust themselves in
through my dlamond-paned window the
m0meut I opened it t j admit the morning
On the whole, I found myaelf fairly comfortable���1 might almost say very comfortable, indeed, and I aoon began to fraternize
with my new friends.
Tho Rector himself was a meek, amiable
man, whoie one desire, it seemed to me,
waa to havens little trouble in life aa
Mr, Stookfold was one of those who drift
iuto Holy Orders. What his original views
may have been early in life, I cannot under
take to aay. I presume that, like hia hair,
tbey were more or loss colorless; but when
he found himself with a University degree,
no income,  and  no probable means  of
earning one, he had clearly but throe
couraee open to him.
The Rector was at this time fifty yeara
of ant, a temperate man, and well preserved,
but indolent, and with flaccid muscles.
Ha waa a remarkably ull man and
hia hair waa almoet aa white aa an albino's.
All in all he waa a better, and,
if well dreasaed, would have been a
muoh more presentable, man than my very
reverend father; and, cerUinly, there waa
no nonaenae and affectation about him.
He did not pretend to bo an> thing moro
than he waa, or to know anything more
than he really knew; and, after my experience, hia extreme simplicity wu absolutely
Hia wife waa ten yeara younger than
himaolf, and I ought in justice to her to aay
that ahe would anywhere havo been pronounced by common consent a remarkably
handsome woman, although, like moat
handsome women, and like many who do
not possets that excuse, ahe had a temper of
her own whioh had aet iu marks on her
face, if not on that of her lord and muter.
There were eightchildrenofbothsexes and
of aliases rangingfrtmfourto about twenty.
I oould not aae that they were likely to give
me any trouble In any way, and the elder
glrla would n-i donbt be euily propitiated
by amall presents of antiquated gowns and
other auoh triflea at whioh a lady's-maid
with any ordinary pre tensions to self-reapeot
wotld turn up her noae.
I could aee indeed that they scanned my
vary simple toilettes not with the eye of
criticism, but with wonder and awestruck
admiration. Out of mere fun, I oame down
to dinner one evening in a collar and cuffo
of point tace almost worth its weight in
black pearls, and certainly worth many
timea iu weight in gold.
Thev said it wu very ourloua lace, and
looked u if it had not been wuhed for a
long time, and then they uked mo with
genuine ourioiltv, whether it wu real
Brussels or only Honiton.
Suoh ia the ignorance���happy ignorance
I dare say it may be, and only until reoently shared by myself���of a country Reotory
in the Shires. Mine it la true, had been a
Vicarage; but, u Mr. Waller ugoly remarks, the principle ia the aame.
After I had bun ensconced In my new
qu irters for two or throe weeks, I received
a letter from Ethel Fortesoue.
It wu of course the old atory. Evidently
it had been a rainy day, and ahe had ut
herself down with any amount of paper and
pons and ink to scribble on about everything that interested herself, and anything
tbat might possibly Interest mo.
To those who did not know her u I did,
au food, the letter might have seemed
incoherent and ambiguous; but I found
myself perfectly able, without any great
difficulty or trouble- to read between iu
She had ber object of courae, and it wu a
sufficiently simple one. She wished nte to
join her at Dinard, where ahe now was,and
afterwards to return with her to Paris,
partly because, u she frankly confessed.she
wu dull and lonely by herself, and partly
because she really and honestly would like
to too me again and to have me with her for
a time.
But I wrote to Ethel to toll her that I
meant to atop where I wu. ���' I am very
comfortable and happy," I aaid. ���' From a
merely animal point of view I could not
better myaelf. I never had any great
belief In the magical virtues of the climate
of France or of any part ot it. And the
Lincolnshire Fena aulU me admirably. 1
have no excitement here of any kind, and I
find beyond question that I am better without it/'
Having finished my letter and aealed ii I
selected a light Indian shawl, sallied out
with the girla tor a walk, and, to make
things certain, posted my letter myaelf, and
took the precaution of  registering It���a
fireoaution well worth the twopence wbioh
t adda to the postage.
We went out with bukaU, I may add,
and returned home loaded with mushrooms,
aome of whioh were that evening stewed
and fUvored with port wine, whioh tbe
Rector declared to be CarbonelPa and to bo
thrown away on auoh a purpose.   He hap-
Emed to be wrong, for It wu Sandeman a.
ut I consoled myaelf with the reflection
that there wu more where it came from,
There ia one little matter which I had
almost forgotten. When I left Easthemp-
ton I had told the house-agent, in whose
charge 1 h��d left my house, to collect my
letters and to keep them for me until I
wroU for them, maintaining my address
a secret.
It now one day occurred to me to have
auoh letters u thero might be waitiog for
me forwarded. I reaeiv id a perfeot batch.
There were tradesmen's c'roulara and letters soliciting a continuance of my highly-
esteemed patronage, and ao on. There
wore one or two from acquaintances and
dependenta which wero of no great iir.poi-
ance and hardly called for an answer. But
there wu alao a bundle of letters���one, In
faot, and sometimes two, for every day���
from Captain Maltby,
They were not brilliant, but they were
yet considerably above the average of the
conventional plunger. And they were
honest and manly, and thoroughly sincere.
Maltby, so far as I could clearly make
out, wu evidently muoh hurt, if not angry
with me, because I had not written to him.
Every letter repeated the aame complaint.
Why did I not write? Surely I oould
write if it were only a line or two. I wu
not treating him as he deserved. Then at
intervals the expostulation would assume
an irritated tone, I had no right, said he,
to treat any man in auoh a way.
Ultimately I discovered, by carefully
reading the letters in the order of their
dates, that he had gone down irom London,
and, finding me flown, had hunted up my
house-agent who had discreetly declined to
give any information u to Mra, Gaacoigne's
whereabouts, but had undertaken to forward, without fail to that lady, any letters
oommi I ted to hia charge u aoon u he knew
her address.
Thus it came about that I now got almost
a mail-bug from him, which I kept till
night, and perused in bed before finally extinguishing my candle.
And yet In the whole affair I had acted
from one motive only, and that was tho
futuro welfare of the man I had promised
to marry.
I heard too, that ho was likely almoat
immediately to obtain hia majority. 1 dare
say thia was true, Th* longer ynu wait
the more rapidly promotion oomea to you.
It la the luckless subalterns tor whim,
under the preaent ayatem, military life considered u a career aeema absolutely hopeless.
And now to return to myaelf. i aoon
began in spite of my first impressions to
find my Iiu in the Fens intolerable. I had
nothing ao complain of with regard to the
Reotor or the Rector's wife, or with any
member of their numerous family. Indeed
their very kindliness, and good-nature, and
desire to make my life pleasant wu, in my
present irritable stato ot mind, almoat more
exuperating than wonld have been a daily
succession of liltle quarrels.
But an irresistible dulre came over mo to
join Ethel Forteacue, and, aa the phrase
goes in its most harmless sense, knock about
with her a bit. Where we might go, what
we ahould do when we got there, and how
long we should atop, I wu quite content to
leave to her.
And so having written to her at aome
length, begging her to come and see me out
of charity, I found myaelf in tho train for
London, and ultimately once again in that
colossal caravanserai, the Langham Hotel,
where I secured three charming little rooms
en suite on tho entresol.
It is a long journey from the Fena to
London ; but yet the change of air, and the
rapid motion of the train aeemed, if anything, to freshen me, and that aame even
ing, I actually, by way of contrast to the
quiet life I bad lately been leading, conceal*
ed my features, aa wall u I could, In a
thiok mantilla, ami took my Beat alone in
a email private box at tho Gaiety, where I
fairly laughed over aome ridiculous opera
bouffe of which, by the next day, I had
almost forgotten the name.
The morning after, white I was occupied
with my anti-toilette cup of chocolate, Ethel
Fortesoue made her appearance, looking
younger than aver, and more than usually,
even for her, busy and important.
It wu hardly noon, and I wu not inclined to get up. A long railway journey doea
not so muoh tire yon at the time. But it
takes it out of you the next day. So, instead
of getting up, I received my guest in my
bed-room, where we soon found ourselves
comfortably ohattlng over the put and
present, and discussing the probabilities
and possibilities of the future.
���atari* Is the Premier Bailer Province
or Ike Bernlnie* -TheTradr Wilh Ureal
Britain RfVlvlai.
In 1877 Canada exported to (Ireat Britain 19,997,380 pounda of butter, valued at
$2,746,630, a fraction over 21 centa a pound.
In 1887 th* value of the export wu only
���757,601, a remarkable falling off In a
decade. But In 1893 th* export had riaan
to 6,076,767 pounds, valued at 81,118,614,
a fraction over 18 oenU a pound. These
figures ahow that the butter trade between
thia oountry and Great Britain ia reviving,
though still aome distance from the mark of
sixteen yeara ago. Thero ia no good reuon
why Canada ahould not make a better
allowing than this, with Ontario u the
premier butter provinoe. All the conditions
favorable to wid* expansion of production
are supplied In thia province. The land,
th* water, the stock and Governmental
encouragement all Invito ventures in this
industry whioh, if intelligently carried out,
muat result in renewed prosperity in the
agricultural districts. From exchangee we
glean the gratifying Information that many
farmers are turning their attention to the
dairy and leaving tha cultivation of 50 cent
wheat to those who find profit in it. It ia
olear to everyone who Is observant of evenU
that "change la in all thinga," and that
also to meet new and unexpected conditions.
No longer oan the farmer derive profit In
n the paths which hia father trod to welldoing ; competence doea not now follow the
rotation of cropa u it once did. Thore are
too many tillers afield, too many acres
reclaimed from disuse to warrant the opinion that the oultlvation of cereala alone
will again become so profitable u it once
In thia view labor exerted in thia direction ii misapplied, If not wholly lost, and
the farmer, if he would have adequate return for hia toll, muat depart from the
beaten track ol his forefathers and search
out new and more promising fields. Butter
making is a branch of agriculture which invites labor and proffers a return whioh
oannot be hoped for from wheat growing.
If we consider what hu been done with
cheese ; that we have become ao proficient
in this manufacture that our product ranks
In excellence with any in the world, aod ia
ao favorably thought of that Great Britain
took upwards of $13,000,000 worth from us
in 1893, we aee the result of intelligent application in a special line. The butter
market invitee tne um* effort and givea
uauraucea of even more satisfactory returns
if we may judge by the experience of other
countries where the industry hu been established.
of the manufacture ts met by both the
Dominion and Provincial GovernmenU,
who, in addition to tho practical instruction Imparted in travelling dairies, are prepared to furnish full printed information
on application, and lack of means to undertake the manufacture oan be met by combinations among farmers to establish
creameries where the work may be done at
small individual outlay for equipment. The
farmera who take thia courao early will be
the first to reap the profit of it.
The increase in dairying hu renewed interest in another line ol production to
whioh little attention hu been riven in
Canada considering Its importance, and
thnt is the raising of hogs. While it would
pay farmera to turn their grain Into pork,
there ia alwaya a hope that prices will rise
and the grain in store ia treasured in consequence, but where dairying is carried on
thero ia no tuk of flesh-producing food for
hoga, the akim milk retuae of the dairy affording nourishment which will ahow iU
weight and bring 1U prioe in a few months.
Butter for export* and hoga for the home
market means money in the farmera' pon*
keta and a prosperity in whioh all will share.
A Mysterious Projectile.
The so-called magnetic shell, whioh haa
been uaed at the trtala of English armor
plates at Okhta, near St. Peteraburg, Russia, hu made an extraordinary record.
Tho shell wu fired at aoft St. Chamond
plate at right angles, and the penetration
was 10J inches; another ahell penetrated
16 inches. One shell wu discharged at a
six-inch Harveylzed plate, at an angle of
"��� ; the projectile passed through tho
plate and backing and fell about 400 yards
beyond, a performance which filled the
scientific experts present with amazement.
Further trials will be made, but for the
preaent no plates ol tho requisite strength
are forthcoming, those already uaed, which
were manufactured specially for the pur-
Eosea of the trial, being ao shattered as to
e useless for future testa. The general
Impression among military experts la that
the magnetto shell Is not a new ahell at all,
but simply a new invention adaptable to
any modern projectile.
One of the sheila that had undergone the
aecret process wu exhibited. Although
it had passed through one of the armor
plates, it wu In an undamaged condition,
and, u it showed no traces of fastening
whereby the new invention could be attached to It) the spectators concluded that
the improvement muat be a oap of softer
metal held on to the top of the shell by
magnetism. This nursea the hard point of
the ahell at Its impact, and ao helps it to
penetrate the surface of the plate until It
reaches the softer metal behind. This, at
all evenU, la one of the gueues at the
prlnoiple of the novel projectile,
Advice to Housekeepers.
The most essential ingredient in the art
of cooking ia cleanliness. A dirty kitchen
ia a disgrace to both mistress and maid. Be
clean iu your person, paying particular
attention to the handa, which ahould alwaya
be clean. Do not go about alipahod.
Provide yourself with well fitting shoes.
You will find them leaa fatiguing in a warm
kitchen than loose, untidy slippers.
Provide yourselt with at leaat a dozen
good-sized, serviceable cooking aprons,
made with bibs. Then will save your
gowns, and keep you neat and olean. Have
them made large enough round ao u to
meet behind. When you are in the midst
ot cooking operations dress suitably, Never
waate or throw away anything that can be
turned to account. In warm weather, any
gravies or aonpa that are left from the preceding day ahould be boiled up and poured
Into clean pane. Thia ia particularly necessary where vegetables hav* been added to
the preparation, as it than aoon turns aour.
In cooler weather every other day will be
often enough to warm up theu thinga.
Every morning visit your larder, change
dishes and plates when necessary, empty
and wipe out the bread-pan, and have
everything neat and olean by noon. Scrub
out the larder twice a week. If you have
a apare kitchen cupboard, keep your baked
pastry in It; it preserves  It orisp,   and
firevenU it becoming wet and heavy, whioh
t Is liable to do In the larder.
In cooking, clean u yon go. Do not allow dishes, spoons, and other utensils, to
accumulate on tho dresser and table white
you are engaged In preparing the dinner,
Bya little management and fore-thought,
much confusion oan be avoided, After
making a pudding, the flour-tub, pastry-
board and rolling-pin ahould be put away,
and basins, spoons, etc., .taken to the
kitohen and neatly arranged near the alnk,
to be wuhed when the proper time arrive*,
Never let your steak of spices, salt, seasonings, herbs, etc, dwindle down so low
that somo day, in the midst of preparing
dinner you find yourself minus a very
important Ingredient, thereby causing
much confusion and annoyance.
If yon live in the oountry, have yonr
vegetables gathered from the garden at an
early hour, ao that there la ample time to
searoh tor caterpillars, bugs, etc Theae
disagreeable additions need never make
their appearanoe on table, in cauliflowers,
cabbage, or lettuoe, if the vegetable In iu
raw state is allowed to soak In aalt and
water for an hour or two, Of course, if the
vegetables are not brought in till the lut
moment, this precaution oannot be taken.
Be very particular in cleaning all vegetables
free from grit. Nothing ia ao unpleasant,
and nothing ao euily avoided, if but common care be exercised,
When you have finished peeling onions,
wuh the knife at once and put it away to
be cleaned. Nothing ia more indicative of
a slovenly and untidy cook than to use an
"oniony knife in the preparation of any
dish where the flavor of the onion is a disagreeable surprise.
After you have wuhed your saucepans,
fiah-kettle.etc, stand them before the fire
for a few minutes, to get thoroughly dry
inaide, before putting them away. They
ahould bo kept In a dry plaoe,in order tbat
they may escape the deteriorating influence
of rust, and thereby be quickly destroyed.
Never leave saucepans dirty from one day's
use to be cleaned the next ; it ia sloveuly
and untidy. In oopper utensils, if tho tin
hu worn off, have it immediately replaced.
Pudding-cloths and jelly-bags ahould
have your immediate attention after
being used, Th* former ahould be well
wuhed, scalded and hung up to dry. Let
them be well aired before being put away,
or they will have a disagreeable odor when
next wanted. No soda ahould be uaed in
waahing pudding-cloths, h
Preparing Rice.
I have been a housekeeper for a great
many years, and in that timo have cooked
a great variety of food, writes a correspondent. Rice hu alwaya been a favorite
dish in my family, and knowing that it la
nutrltioua and euily digested, I have
learned to prepare it in many different
One of my methods ia to wuh a cupful
of rice carefully, cover it with cold water,
aet it over a alow fire and let it aimmer
slowly. When nearly done I remove it to
the back of the stove, where it oan aUam
until quite aoft. Another way U to cook
rioe in the morning and turn it Into but*
tered cups. When cold, turn out the contents, make a littio hole in the top of eaoh
mold, fill with jelly, pour rich cream over
the top and serve.
The old-fuhioned rico-puddiog tided
with lai-iinr ia very appetizing, and no one
can know, unleaa they try the experiment,
what a delicious flavor rice will impart to
a ohicken pie. Rice lett from dinner should
be soaked in milk over night and made into
griddle* cakes for breakfast. Alternate
layer* of rice and fruit make an inviting
dish.   It should be eaten with rioh cream.
I advise housekeeper* to keep a aupply
of rice on hand. It supplies the place of
frosh fruit, and its health-giving qualitli
cannot be questioned. Children especial!
relish a dish of nicely prepared rice, and
the moat futidious adult will not refuse to
partake of this attractive and wholesome
addition to the bill of fare.
The Refrigerator
It Is a good plan to keep a small dish of
powdered chamoal on on* of the upper
shelves of the refrigerator, u it fa an excellent absorbent of odora. It ahould be
changed every tew days.
Food that has little odor iUelf and food
that absorbs odora readily ahould be placed
at the bottom of the refrigerator. All foods
with a strong odor should be kept on the
top shelves. Sour milk or cream should not
be kept In the refrigerator, Hal ad dressings,
tartar sauce and celery ahould be covered
otosely, or thev will flavor everything that
ia shut up with them. Pineapple, strawberries and raspberries should not lie shut
into a common lea-cheat with milk oi
In the refrigerators where there is a circulation of dry air, butUr, milk, cream and
other delioate foods may be kept in the
lower part of the retrlgerator,and the truiU,
vegetables, etc, with stronger Aavora and
odora may be kept on the top shelves. If
arranged in this way there will be little
dancer that one kind of food will absorb
the ilavoi or odor of another.
Peanuts ae Food.
During the put year or two experlmente
have been made In varioua ways by German officers with peanut flour and dried
and roasted peanut griU aa food for soldiers
u well aa for horaea in the German army,
but, although no symptoms of injury to
health resulted from the use of these articles, they were not adopted u a part of
the army ration, Tho troops showed an
unconquerable dislike to food prepared
from peanut flour or grits, and its frequent
use is not considered healthful or nourish
ing.   An investigation of   the  merits of
fieanut food articles was also made in the
mperial navy, and their value as a diet for
invalids wu tested, but their use waa not
I hold iii a religious duty to love and
worship children1* beauty j with heavenly
looka they make ua sure the heaven that
made them must be pure.���Campbell,
The Cer Wars at Ihe Celestial Pair.
An English gentleman who hu lived five
or aix yeara in Shanghai, China, and who
had many opportunities while there of observing the ways of the Chinese ladiea, the
baok of ht* house being but a few yard*
distant and facing th* baok of a mandarin'a
mansion, whioh mandarin had a number of
very good looking female relations, told
the writer that the Chinese women are not
nearly ao shy u report hu it Sometlmu,
uid he, I and a number of my friends,
would congregate together on tho back
verandah of my houae, to smoke and converse on topics of the day. We would no
sooner assemble ourselves than auoh
would be heard that to talk ourselves wu
an utter impossibility. Of the chatterer*
themselves we could aee little beyond the
tops of their heada and faces. Their figures
were altogether conoealed behind th* curtains of the window*, but their heads,
covered with bejewelled hair, and their
bright, black, quick glancing eyes filled
with curiosity were an oriental entertainment to ua, Tho ladiea did not seem at
all einbarruosd by the pretence of men; In
fact, they appeared to Ilka it, and two or
three head* would occasionally ba aeen
knocking together u their owners endeavored to obtain a better view of the
Now and then an arm would be thrust
out and waved in token of friendship in
our direotion, but If any of us tried to
grasp  the   venturesome  member, it wu
rup  I
, withdrawn, the fan of iU owner
generally disappearing from view at the
same time. The eating of sweetmeats
wu indulged in between the interval* of
flirtation, and occasionally a little girl would
offer ooquetiiahly a gentleman on onr lid*
a small piece of eugar. If, however, he
made a movement suggesting acceptance,
the augar would be demurely
after whiob there would be sounds of muoh
tittering. Some of theu girla were of
muoh humbler rank than other*. We
were told thia by a servant who by careful
watching of the mansion managed aometimea to catch a glimpse of feet, Th*
daughter* of all people of rank ar* obliged
to aubmit at an early age to have their
feet cramped and confined In bandage*.
The enjoyment of alter life is aaid thereby
to be greatly diminished, for it ia not euy
to walk or even atand with cramped
feet   The ladies an, however,
and wonld think it exoeedingly vulgar .to
be able to walk with a firm and dignified
step. The lower classes cannot follow a
fuhion that would disable them from pursuing their daily labors, although now and
then tbe prettiest daughter of a poor family
is selected by her parenU for the distinction,
and on that account ia alway* looked upon
by her uncrippled sisters u an objeot of
envy. We also learnt from the aame
source that theae ladiea lived in rooms the
walla of whioh were adorned in different
parU with scroll* of white ailk or aatln
hangings from the ceiling to the floor, on
which aro repreaeated in large characters
extraote from the worka of the ancient
sages, and which are considered far more
ornamental than the finest pictures. Many
of theu sentences bear soma resemblance
to the proverb* of Solomon. The chalra in
which our frlenda ut were made of a
beautiful wood whioh growa in China and
which is very muoh like rosewood, and on
th* arm* and backs ot these chairs were
silken hangings embroidered by the ladies
themaalves who spend a great deal of
time in fanoy work. Porcelain vases and
Indian cabineta helped to furnish the place,
but the chief feature of these room* aa it is
In every Chinese house were Chinese lanterns made in every form that fancy oould
invent, of all sizes. The most costly were
composed of transparent silk,
birds, flowers and othar fanciful devloes In
colors of dazzling brightneu, the framework
being richly carved and gilded, and the
cords and tassela by whioh thsy are suspended, made of ailk and gold thread. The
possession of fine lantern* Is a sort of passion among tbs Chinese, many of whom
spend considerable sums in the gratification
of this fanoy. Women in China, u in all
countries, have great influence over the
men. Aa an instance of their Influence
It 1* related that while Confucius wu in
Kwer, prime minister in his native county,
o,  justice wu   so   wall   administered
that If gold and
they would remain untouched. A neighboring king became ao jealous of thia state of
affairs that he resolved to take measures
that would prevent Loo from becoming too
powerful. After oareful deliberation, instead of a corps d'armee he despatched a
corps de ballet, sending a number of dancing girla to the court of hi* rival. The
King of Loo wu captivated by the dancers
and neglected the business of government
and the counsels of Confucius. The philosopher pitted himself againat the danoing
girla, but wu beaten, He then offered u
an alternative that the king ahould either
dismiss him and retain them or retain him
and dlsmlu them.
and th* philosopher and statesman went to
seek employment elsewhere. But despite
the faot that th* women have bo much
influence and alao that there are ao many
noble and wise women amongst theChineae
ladies, who** counsels ar* listened to with
respect hy even the nobles, on the whole,
the oondition of the Chinese women is not
an elevated one. A Protestant mluionary
remarks, "By not giving a proper rank in
society to females, by denying to them tbe
privileges whioh are their due u alitor*,
mothers, wives, and daughters, the most
sensitive and devoted part of our kind, the
is marred, and a barrier against the Im*
provement of society Is raised. The regeneration of China will, in faot, never take
plaoe, until the females are raised from the
state to whioh Confucius assigned them.
If Christianity had nothing else in IU favor
thau the elevation of tha female condition
and character, it should be revered as Ihe
purest and best of faiths."
What Paper Is Hade Of.
Paper la one of the most lavishly uud
artiolea of modern timea, The material* of
whioh it oan be made are almoet u numer-
oua and common u the uses to which the
finished article is put.
There are something over two thousand
patents covering the making of paper. It
may be manufactured, under some one of
them, from the leaves of trees; from hop-
planU, bean stalks, pea vines; from the
trunks and stem* of Indian corn and every
variety of grain; from moss, olover and
timothy hay, and more than one hundred
kinds of greases; from atraw and ooooanut
fibre j from fresh-water weeds and sea
weeds ; from sawdust, shavings and asbestos ; from thistles and thistle down ; from
banana akins, tobacco stalks and tan bark;
from hair, wool, fur, old sacking or bagging
and from almost any othor imaginable ro*
--' -*-��      -������
Queen Viotoria has lately been approached by several biographers who want details of tho life of the court since 1837. The
Queen uniformly refuses to do anything
for them, feeling that the historians who
wish to deal with her reign will find sufficient trustworthy material in the memories
of the ohief officers of the household. Immense stores of memoranda from the
Queen'e own hand are among the royal
archives, which are io charge of the keeper ot the Queen's closet.
rreralng the Babbit and Heading MIm
Back io England.
Th* latest news from the Coolgardio
gold fields is that three men have returned from Mount Margaret with 160
ounoea of gold each. Tbey give excellent
account! of th* country, saying that than
is plenty of water aod feed.
The Government of New Sontb Walu
intends to introduce the Australian rabbit
into English markets by shipping them in
a frozen condition. They hope thus to get
rid of the pest whioh wu introduced from
The New Zealand House of Representatives have passed a motion limiting the
time of speech to half an hour for each
speaker, and not allowing any member to
speak in committee more than four times
or longer than ten minutes.
A party headed by a surveyor, named
Bradehaw, while exploring in Western
Australia lut month, were attacked by a
band of blacks in a narrow defile. A black
servant of the party was speared and the
rest had a narrow escape.
By the steamer Maori King the experiment of ahlpping live oattle to England hat
been tried. Twenty head have been shipped. Cattle were worth ��410s. in Australia,
hut it is though they will bring ��16 to ��20
In England,
The  Present Fanler*  War Bar  I'aaie a
liberal Trade Pulley um the Pari at
Cblna-Canada'* Oppai-lanllj,
The present war may be the means of
starting a great expansion in China's demand for foreign products. Suoh a result
would bevery welcome tothe trading nations
of th* world, whose long-felt want is new
market*. Thu country would be In an
advantageous poaition to share in the bene*
fiu of a liberal trado policy on the part of
China. The war wilt likely teach China
tbat ahe cannot depend on being left to
heraelf, and that her extreme conservatism
is no match for Western progress, u copied
by Japan. Her navy shows that she hu
bun alive to the necessity of keeping in
���-���ouch with the rest of the world in regard
to that branch of her defenoe, Tbe
proved superiority of the Japanese navy
will open her eyea to the nud of still
further improving her own on the ume
lines. Also, before she is through with
the pruent war ahe will we the wisdom of
to develop her military power. One thing
her generala will b* sure to urge is the
construction of railroads. Th* oountry la
practicall y with out rai Iroads, and for military
purposes they would be now of the utmost
valu*. The area of China exceeds tbat of
Canada by above half a million squer* mi'es,
yet IU only highways of transportation are
river* and canals and bad wagon-roads,
Th* speediest way of moving troops across
hundreds of miles ot territory is by marching them. When they reach the scene of
hostilities they are in no oondition to enter
the field againat fresh troops. Tbia will be
a serious drawback to China, and will
cripple the brute force on whioh ahe probably relies to overcome the science and
courage of her enemy. To equip heraelf aa
a military nation, China will therefore be
likely to open railway lines into the interior.
The building of these lines will call for
material from foreign countries, for rails,
locomotives, oars, etc, Once th* line* ar*
ran, trade will begin to spring up. With
such channels of communication there
should be a tremendous flow of commerce
from the interior to the oout, and from
th* cout to th* Interior. That commerce
wonld bring ahips from all th* other trading countries to the Chinese coast*. Rail*
roads would revolutionize the country.
Even if China were more disposed to encourage trad* with foreign countries, the
lack of railroad* would prevent the full
growth of her international commerce, u
it would be impossible to carry on an
exchange with more than the coast regions.
But with tho oountry traversed by railroads, the productiveness of the people
would increase, and
The war will incline China to look elsewhere
than to Japan for commodities she hu
bought from that country in the put.
Japanese cottons, which havo lately been
making ao much headway on the Chinese
markeU, wilt suffer a setback from the war.
This will leave an opening for the cottons
of other countries. Canada hu both the
cottons and the means of transporting them
direot to the Chinese ports. A part of the
demand for foodstuffs likely to arise out of
the war will be pretty certain to come thia
way. At present our aggregate trade with
China and Japan together i* under three
million dollar* a year. With China the
United States doea a trade of twenty-five
million dollars a year, while Great Britain'a
trade with China amounts to about thirty-
eight million dollars a year. When the
war is over China will hardly relapse into
her traditional exolnsiveness. By dragging
her out of that, Japan will have done a
good turn to the trade interests of the
A law Will Be Passed In New Zealand lo
Settle Labor llUi-un*-**,
After what hu recently been said about
the utility of compulsory arbitration, It Is
interesting to find that a trial of something
of tho kind Is to ba made In New Zealand,
where apparently there is more courage���oi
ahall it be called temerity T���in trying
social experiments than in almost any other
oountry. In the Review of Reviewa, Mr.
W. P. Reeves, the New Zealand Minister
of Labor, says that one result of the recent
democratic victory In New Zealand will be
the passage of a compulsory arbitration law
within aix months, and that It will not be
long before this example is followed by the
Australian colonies.
The law which Mr. Reeves predioU, and
which, in his opinion, will work satisfactorily, will provide that any association of
registered workingmen may file a complaint
against an employer and compel him to
ahow cause in court why wages ahould be
reduced or why they should not be raised.
Employers, on the other hand, will get the
right to compel the usoolatlon of employes
to appear in court In caae of a strike.
When either party brings the other into
court, both parties are tone
Th* Aot will apply only to registered laborers and incorporated associations, and
will protect employers against actions
brought by laborer* not connected with
any organization. Mr. Reeves believes
that the desire to have differences amicably
and finally adjusted wilt be strong enough
In employers to counteract their unwillingness to have their booka examined by persons not connected with their business, and
replies to the objection that the arbitrators
will be called on to decide cases of which
they have no special knowledge by saying
tbat the court* are constantly called upon
to decide oases which require knowledge
quite u special, and that their decisions
are nevertheless generally satisfactory.
Ifthe prophecy of Mr. Reeves is fulfilled, It will l* worth while to watch the
working of this plan of compulsory arbitration. It may be aaid that hardly any
thoughtful person on this side of the world
believes that arbitration oan be made compulsory without ceulng to be arbitration.
The appointment of a court that could fix
wages would be equivalent to turning over
to that court. It would place in the handa
of a few men powers greater than : t hu
hitherto be*n considered desirable to place
in the hand* of any Government. They
would hold the poaition of a trust whioh
might be Infinitely more dangerous to a
country's welfare than any combination
yet in existence, and they would practically
have the destinies of the nation whose
Industries they oontrol'ed in their hands.
If compulsory arbitration succeeds in New
Zealand, it will be legitimate to conclude
that New Zealandera are differently constituted from other people, But it is
interesting to havo the experiment tried,
and both labor men and the general public
will look for the results with anme interest
Barn Floors.
The floor* of a barn ar* a very important
portion of the structure, and considerable
care should be exercised in choosing the
material and placing it in position. For
durability, non-liability to warp, and one
on whioh the team can get a foothold,then-
is not h ing better than the common white pine.
Most of tbe hard wooda will warp when the
aide* are unequally dampened, and horses
find it difficult obtaining a firm foothold to
haul in heavy toad*. Tho plank upon the
driveway floor should alwaya extend cross-
wise. It makea but little difference about
the direction of the portion under th* re.
mainder of the building. If th* joteu are
heavy and placed two aod a half feet apart,
two-inch plank will be atrong enough.
However, if pouible, uae thou two and a
half or throe inchu thick, and be certain
that they are well seuoned. Obtain tbem
a year in advanoe.pile up undet ah*lwr,and
u far from the ground u convenient. Both
edgea of plank should be jointed and grooved, and a tongue of eome soft wood, used
u shown in the engraring, Tha manner of
Proved the Old Axiom.
" There goes my hat," yelled the pompous man with the red face.
'��� Ves," rejoined lho calm party with
chin whiskers, " straws show the way tho
wind blows,"
In the Parlor, Too.
New Boarder���"What is the landlady's
daughter playing T"
Old Boarder���"A mixture of airs from a
lot of old operas���a sort of a musical hash,
you know.
laying the flow ia alao clearly shown. Th*
ends of the plants should be spiked, unless
there la aome doubt about their shrinking,
in whioh caw lay them loose, driving them
firmly together during a dry time.   If not
Sraoticable to obtain thick plank, lay the
oor double. Tbe lower course may be of
well Masoned inoh board*, for the upper
one ou one and a half inch plank jointed,
bnt not grooved,being nailed In place when
thoroughly shrunken. The joints or cracks
in th* two floor* should not match.
Wasteful Feeding.
With tho atock it la quite an item to
feed liberally, ao u to keep in a good,
thrifty oondition. Any leu than thi* 1* a
wute, and to a certain extent more than
thi* is a loaa. Good feedera understand
that It I* the surplus over and above what
ia necessary to sustain th* animal that
make* th* profit, so that if only sufficient
to maintain the animal is given it ia ao
muoh lost. With growing animal* It 1* of
no advantage to keep fat, *o that if sufficient food is given to keep fat, it ia in a
meuure wuted.
With th* majority of atock, pasturage Is
largely depended upon for summer feeding,
but in nearly all caus It will be best to
feed more or less grain, the amount to be
largely determined by the condition of the
animala. Stook must be fed ueconomically ai pouible, so far u it can be done
without stinting the growth, fnr whenever
we atint the growth by falling to feed well
we are wuting feed. On the other hand,
when they are given moro than la necuaary
to keop in a good thrift we are increasing
the coat without a corresponding gain. At
all timu it pay* to feed liberally. During
the summer even, when ordinarily it
cannot be considered the best plan to fatten
stock of any kind, it will pay to keep
thrifty, and stook will need to be looked
after If this Is doue.
It Is so often the cau that after hot, dry
weather seta In, the supply of feed in the
pastures will begin to fail, and to an extent
that nnlesasome thing else is given, the stook
willbo|*in to lose ground,and loaingflesh with
growing or fattening stock is a double loss,
u it requires food to make up what I* lost
u well u for what wu first gained, and
this should alwaya be avoided. It is far
better to cut off green feed and give to the
stock In sufficient quantities to keep thrifty
rather than to allow them to rundown. In
faot, In many cues It will prove profitable
to commence cutting and feeding in good
season, before the best geU too short, a* it
will not only be better for the stock, but
better for the pastures, u In many onus
the pastures are seriously Injured by being
grazed too closely when the weather is hot
and dry. With hogs, so long u good
pasture is provided, very little grain will
be needed to keep thrifty, and when it la
desired to fatten, the grain ration oan be
gradually increased and the grass or green
ration be lessened until they are properly
finished. With hogs, ths growth must be
pushed, and for thia reason it will not do
to depend upon grass alone, while grain
feeding alone, especially in summer, 1* too
expensive. The condition of th* stock
must alwaya determine how muoh feed In
addition tc the puturage should bo sup*
plied. It pays to keep the stock thriftyJand
paining during th* summer, ind then it i*
pouible to crowd the fattening to a muoh
better advantage in the fall. With thi*
another advantage ia aecured, and that ia a
better opportunity is afforded of taking
advantage of the market, u when the
growth nu been puahed during tha summer, only a short feed will be required to
finish In th* fall.
Beer Cattle For Profit
Success tn any branch of live stook husbandry depends on three important factors,
viz,: Good breed, good feed and good care.
First, The but breed obtainable ahould be
secured, and a good sire is half the herds.
We want an animal that will make tha
greatest gain In the, shortest time, at the
least cost of feed. So * e want compact,
medium-sized, thick-fleshed, euy keepers,
that will mature at three yeara old and
makea 1,500 to 1,700 pound steer. To
obtain best result* we shonld select animals
ol quiet disposition and hornless, as they
are more quiet about feed racksaudtroughs.
Those with broad backs, deep loin* and
massive quarter*, for it cut* no more to
produce a pound of ateak than a pound of
nock or tripe. A* to the best breed, that
depends somewhat on our surroundings)
while Polled Angus suite some but, other*
might like Hereford* or Shorthorn*.
Second. Feed. In growing young atock
we Bhould feed to form plenty of bone and
muscle and not too moon fat-forming food.
So we should feed oau and bran very liberally and not too much corn the firat two
season*- But when the cattle are to be fed
for market, increase the corn and oil meal
ration and feed less oaU and bran ; bright,
well curod clover and timothy hay or good
corn fodder ia beat for rough feed.
The golden text ahould be, feed and
water regular. Many farmers buy well
bred atock, thinking they don't need u
muoh feed or oare u scrub stock. They
suppose they will thrive on buokwheat
straw and find a good shelter on tbe south
side of a barb-wire fence, and expeot them
to come out nioe and sleek in the spring
and because they do not exceed their expectations the scrub farmer will still keep
his scrub stook.
Her Idea and His.
"There's one line thing about our wedding presents, Tom, dear," she uid.
"There wun't a duplicate in the lot,"
"Thai's true ; worse luck." sighed Tom.
"Wo haven't any excuse for disposing of
any of 'em now, and timea are awfully
What men usually ask tot when they
pray to God is that two and two may not
make four,���Russian Proverb, THE WEEKLY NEWS, SEPTEMBER 26,1894.
Published   Every Wednesday
At Courtenay,  B.  C.
By Whitney & Co.
i_     aa.  -���-        ������i '������ '
Or. Year      ������<*���'
Month.    ' -'
Btngla 'oi.;-    "��:*
One inoh per year $'?!*!
..    ..   mnnth     ,*���
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tourtl    SV8
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Notices   of   Births,   Marriages   .ind
Diuths. 50 cenls e'���c', insbrtion.
No Advertisment inserted for less than
lli vertising- A(*ent, 21 Merchants'
Exchange, San Francisco, i. our au-
tlioriz'-d ariont ThiB paper i�� kept
on file in his offlco.
Wednesday, Sept. 28,1894,
The claim that tbe private character
of candidates for public office must not
In* discussed is repudiated even in Old
Kentucky, sometimes called the "dark
ami bloody yround." Col. Hreckenridge,
afier liis sins against society had been
blazoned before the world in a public trial
had the termeniy to present himself as a
candidate for the suffrages of his fellow
citizens. Had lie shown some respect
for public opinion and retired to
private life, properly conducting himself,
for a few years, his past might have been
condoned. Hut he maintained that the
vjters had no business to consider his
moral fitness to represent them and on
that issue he made a most brilliant, bitter and determined fight. His competitor, Ovens, was of the, same party but a
man of high character and standing.
The contest ceased to wear any political
aspcri, but narrowed down to a fght between tlie moral and immoral forces of
the district. The churches, the women,
the men of no creed whatever, but who
believed in purity, morality and decency,
on one side, and the worst elements on
the otlicr. It was a life and death struggle with Col Hreckenridge. Defeat
meant political oblivion, success condone
ment. The result is what the good people, all over the continent, have hoped
for. The right has triumphed. Hreckenridge has been rebuked, and Owens, who
in this case represented the honor, virtue,
manhood, and Christianity of Ashland,
gets thc nomination. All honor to the
noble men nnd women who have won
tbe victory. Their example will be followed elsewhcte until it becomes the settled rule that in politics character is a
prime factor in any contest.
Says the Louisville Courier-Journal on
the morning after the election:
���The good people of Kentucky will
breathe freer today. It was a fierce, relentless fight, but the honor of the state
was involved, ils virtue, manhood and
Christianity. Church bells ring out happy anguriesj tbe prayers to give thanks
lo God' A great disgrace has been averted. The good sense and integrity of
the people of Ashland district and of
popular government has been vindicted."
At Ping Yang a battle has been fought
in which the Japanese were the victor?.
It is estimated that the Chinese lost l6--
ooo in killed and wounded, and an immense quantity of war material. The
loss of the Japanese was ttifling*. The
battle was of short duration. Although
the result is important, this cannot be
considered a great battle, the Chinese
giving way within 30 minutes after the
assault ofthe enemies columns, and fleeing in a panic in all directions. A few
ofthe troops detailed by Li Hung Chang
fought stubbornly, and showed that with
the proper training the Chinese will make
good soldiers. Hut it would appear th?t
the great body of the Chinese soltVry
bave not been properly trained; and it is
probable that the larger the army the
greater thc panic. On the olher hand
the Japs are well armed, well drilled and
well officered, and filled with a strange
enthusiasm which makes them well nigh
invincible. Even the Japanese women
have caught the fever, and are volunteer
ing as nurses. It is said some ladies of
rank have offered to raise a corps of female warriors. It should be remembered
that Japanese ladies of rank are taught
the use of the sword and saber. It may
therefore be that the Japs if they can
rorce the fighting may prove themselves
more than a match for their "numerous"
Corea and Japan by treaty will of-
er a united affront against China, and
after the war, it is to be a free and independent nation.
It fa not generally known that Juan Per*
ninth-/.���the island on which Alexander Selkirk, the Robin-ton Crusoe of romance, lived
for eo many years���is at the present time in
habited, Two valleys, winding down from
different directions, join a short distance
baok from tbe shore, and there now stands
a little village of small huts scattered round
a long, one-storied building with a veranda
running its whole length, la this house
lives the man who rents the island from the
Chilean Government, and the village is
made np of a few German and Chilean fam-
. ilies.
The tiny town is called San Juan Ban tista
and the crater-like arm of the tea on whioh
it is situated and where Alexander Selkirk
tirst landed is now called Cumberland Bay*
The inland is rented for abual ��200 a year.
Kent is paid partly m dried fish. Catching
ami drying the many varieties of fish ana
raiding ua tie and vegetahl a wholly occupy
the contented settler-., and much of their
little income is obtained from tbe cattle and
vegetable** sold to paaauig vessels. The cattle need no oare and tha vegetables almost
grow wild. Turnips and radishes, tirst
sown here by Selkirk himself, now grow
wild in the valleys like weeds. There is al
so a race of wild doga whioh completely
overrun the island, depending for existence
mainly opou seats. They are de'cendai'te
of a breed of dogs tuft bv the Spsniurds.
At the back of the little tuwu, iu the fir-t
h?gh olitf, is a row of oaves of remarkable
appearance hewn into the it-d-i'one. An
unu*ed path leads to tbem, aud a short
climb brings one to their dark m->utbs. A'
bout forty years ago tbe Chilean Government thought that a good way to get rid of
ita wm-st criminals would Iw to transport
them to the Itlaml of Juan Fernnndex.
ll-Ti-, u'.iter the direction of Ohih-at* R'��ld:i-rs
il ese poor wr. tehee Were made t*> J*lig caves
to tive in. In 1354 they Wore Uknn
back again, however, and the caves have
sinuo heon slowly orumbling away.
The narrow ri*l|*e where Selkirk watched
ia u<>w called "Tho Saddle," becauso at
either end uf it a rocky hummock rises like
it pummel, On ouo end of these is now a
luge : I'-le-*. with inscriptions comiuemora-
tii'g Alexin<ler Silkirk's long and 1 mely
s';.\- 'hi tiu* island. It was pliiwil there in
IStiS by tho officers of tho Biitish ship Topaz. -\ tttnall excur-ion steamer now runs
Irom V'aipcraino to Juan Fernandez Inland
The n und trip is made in six day, ard
linen of these nay be spent nn tho sin!
i-IUI.iig and visiting those lonely but
beautiful pnta whioh nearly 200 years ago
were the haunts of Robinson Crusoe.���Melbourne Argus.
All bills or accounts due the assigned
estate.of F. A. Anley must be paid on or
before the loth day of October [894 or
tliey will be placet! in the hands of my
solicitor for collection.
Wm. Mathewson,
WANTKI).-Active, Honkst Gbntlrman
or Lady to travel 1-oprosenting established, re*
Uabb* house. Salary $65 monthly and traveling exponscs, with increase if suited. Enclose
reference and self addressed stamped on volopo.
317 Omaha Building, Chicago.
1F yon wish medicine or drugs of
1   any kind wrtteorsnnd lol'yrus
H. Howes, Hox HM. 27 Johnston St.
Vioiorfa, B. C.   Mail order   have
f-rompt attontion All conrnunicnt-
ons strictly confidential. Cut this
out. nnd paste it in your hat for
futuro reference.
The undersigned will receive tenders
for cutting and delivering at the Courtenay school house six cords of wood.
Tenders must be in on or before the 27th
of this month.
For particulars enquire of the undersigned.
Tbe lowest or any tender not necessarily accepted.
J. VV. McKenzie,
Sec'y of School Borrd.
Woll sWp it, reader; for it would look
nert.-euilv to begin a story with au 011th
liko that Gus Gnrloy awon* -standing
over hia wifi-'.i drowsing table hat morning. Aud (itu wasn't a Bwet.r-ug man
How came he, then, to 1 oinoit anch a
breach of etiquette and ethical Well,
may be yon wonldn't have done it; bnt
don't be too aure t '11 you've heard enough
to be able to "put yourself in liw place."
Iinagino a young husband of aix
months' i-tanding,ardent, fond and trusting, casually entering bia wife's dress
ing-room in her a wenco, and atumbling
on a miseliievious-looking, rose-colored
note, freshly opened, a cupid in every
crease, nnd a lurking lock of another a
hair���red���peeping stealthily from its
The very paper blushod guiltily as
Gua caught it up. Eagerly and wildly
his eyes ran over the contents. For a
moment he stood amazed and motion*
less, and then broke out���. But we've
promised to skip that. Perhaps any
other man would bave given utterance
to as much, reading snch a missive as
this, addressed to his wife:
"An nil* Aug.��� th, 1ft���,
'Dbaiirbt Ka��:-How could you go and
irry tint -trent bulky fellow behind my
iw.-k. ami w-Miiuit a. word of notice?
marry tint  great bulky   fellow '
'" i*k. and without a word of notice .
Though lVji roturned too lale to forbid tbo
hans, I'm -mil In time to give thnt lord and
master of yours a hint���which I mean to do-
that an older love thnn his won't quietly suffer
anotlier to moliop'illi'e its right*.
"Kxjuii't mo by Monday, and keep a kiss for
'*' Four ever affectionate SAM Smith."
Smith 1 Smith I Sam Smith I Faugh I
What a name I Had it been Brown,
Jones or Robinson, there might have
been some bearing it. But Smith 1 And
redheaded, tool "Frailty, thy name is
woman 1" Yet it might ba that Smith
wna some presuming puppy, win s * vile
.���piutl** whs the sheer result of bts own
impudence. But no; tne wite that
could receive such a communication and
conceal it from her husband could not
bo eko than false.
Smith's heart's blood was the very
Inaat atonement the case admitted of.
Had Gus been more collected, he might
���irolmlily have bided bis time and taken
iiiH peace*destroyer unawaroa and then
"tripped him," trusting to nn intelli
gent jury and proof of a mental alibi to
bring bim out all right. But he was
not sufficiently rational for that, aud so
adopted tbe foolish plan of summoning
Smith to mortal combat.
Gus had a friend, Captain Borax, a
retired quartarmaster.thoroughly versed
in points of honor. The captnin was
just the man for the emergency; but, aa
ill luck would have it, be was out of
town for ttie day.
That no time might be lost, Gus demanded satisfaction by mail, directing
his challenge to the address indicated in
the caption of Smith's note, and nxiug
a time and place at which his friend.
Captain Borax, would be prenarod to
confer with any friend of Smith's. At
tbe same time a brief messa-j-e to Mrs.
Gurley explained tbat important business necessitated her husband's absence
for the noxt fow f.ays. Meanwhile,
Gus took np quarters at an obscure
country inu, leaving everything to the
management of the captain, wliom be
had succeeded in finding at last, aud
who, proud to he sought for snch a service, promptly repaired to the appointed
rendezvous, where he was punctually
met by a friend oi" smith's. The preliminaries were speedily settled, and a
meeting was arranged for tbe following
As tbo time drew near, Gus grew nervous. Tbe faat is, Smith's alacrity had
taken him a little aback. He had felt
quite confident that that miscreant
would shrink from encountering the
man whose honor he had outraged But
instead, without turning tbe word,
���Smith's second had chosen pistols, and
named ten paces as the distance 1 It wh
plain the wretch was aa bloodthirsty aa
unscrupulous.    Besides,   Gus waa  u
shot, which Smith, judging from bis
choice uf weapons, no doubt was. How
much better, Gus begun to think, to
have fled forever from the tc -tie of his
imliappinest*. or to hire invoked the lw-
uign aid of tbe laws of South D.ikota
But it was too late now to retract
From a tronbled slumber, auch aa condemned criminals nre apt to fait into in
the hist hours of their last night, Gus
was startled by a sensation as of a bullet piercing his thorax It was only
Captain Borax poking him in the ribs.
uy way of remiude that his "hour bad
almost come!"
In a brief space���how very hrief it
seemed���tliey were ou the fntml Hold.
At nearly tbe same instant 1 0 Me carriage drove up, containing the -iiieuiy's
Smith's second sprang out, closing the
door behind him. He took Captain
Burux aside, and tbe two held 11 hasty
consultation; which over, tbe ground
measured, pistoisloadod. position.-* allot
ted. and everything iu readiness, it only
/tmi (lined to place tbe men and give tiie
Tho combatants were to stand brick to
hack, nnd. at u signal, to wheel nud tire.
Ins had already tnkon his pluce, and was
i-tW-igling- manfully lint doubtfully.
iguinst an inclination, will nigh
irresistible, to leap over an ud
lucent hedge, and run as fast and
far us his legs could onrry him, when
.tu exclamation ftom the captain vausuti
liim to turn bis heal.
" In Heaven's name, who's that?" snid
Ctiptntu 11-rax, accosting tlio fellow*
-tecottd- in the nOtofnondtieting a young
ind beautiful l.uly to tbe very spot des
lined for Smith,
*��� My principal, gentlemen, Miss Sam*
iintha Smith���'Sa'O Smith,' as she's
called for short.' t'. a other answered,
Qua BttW it all. Flinging down the
pistol, bo ludied forward, and wonld
certainly have hugged and kissed " Sum
���Smith,' without ceremony, if her second���no other than her affianced lover
���hadn't looked like a chap that would
stand no nonsense. As it wus, no man
wus ever equally pleased by the discovery that be bad made an ass of himself.
The lock of hair was the only puzzle
unexplained, and "Sara" soon cleared
tbat up. It was one of Guy's owu, given
long before to Kate as a souvenir.
"Sam" had stolen it, to tease her friend,
and had taken tbe method we bave seen
of returning it. Of course it wasn't red,
but auburn.
"Sam"and her friend went home
with Gus, firat solemnly promising, as
did the captain to keep tbe secret, and,
above all not to let Kate know; but,
bless yon, snch things always do get out.
r Tulips, Hyacinths. Crocuses, Daffodils, and
Llllies now ready for plant in-;.
Large and complete stock of one and two-
year-old small fruit plants and trees.
Fine assortment of two and throo-year old
Apple, fear. Plum, ['nino. Cherry and l-.rioot
trotts. Buy your Btock o( tir-M-hands. Noirav-
elling agents, no goods on commission. Kati-
mutes givon on your list, bend for catalogue
before ordering.   Address.
"Mm.        Ml. PloMBiitP.O., Vancouver, B.C.
R. B. Anderson,
Practical  Watchmaker
Worker in Light Metals  and
Gunsmithing and  Tin   Work
Dingwall Building.
Go***oz, B. 0.
Wedding and other rings made to order.
Union Saw Mill.
All Kinds of Rough and
Dressed lumber always on
hand and delivered at short no
Also all kinds of sawn and
split shingles and dressed pine
and cedar.
Stumping done at reasonable
rates by our Giant Stumper.
Coal, brick and lime on
hand and delivered at short
R. Grant & L. Mounce, Proprs.
>��j|^   General Teaming
Com, B.C.
Riverside Hotel
Courtenay B C
I. Sharp,   Proprietor
The Hotel is one of the best equipped
on the Pacilic Coast, and is situated al
lhe mouth of the Courtenay River, between Union and the Urge farming settlement of Comox.
Trent aie plentiful in the iiver, and
large game abounds in the neighborhood
The Bar connected with the hotel is
ktpt well supplied  with the best wines
ind liquors.   Stage connects  with all
Steamers.   Terms moderate
Cumberland Eotel.
Union, B. C.
The finest hotel building
Fixtures and Bar
North of. Victoria,
And the best kept house.
Spacious Billiard Room
and new
Billard and Pool Tables,
Best of Wines and Liquors.
J. l'iket, Prop.
Wood & Kilpatrick,
Having Added to their Own
Splendid Livery Outfit.
of R. Grant and Co
Are Prepared to furnish Sty-
ish Rigs at Reasonable Rates
Give them a call
Robert J. Wenborn.
Machine Works, Nanaimo
Dealer in Bicycles. Agent for Bradford Bicycle Co., H. P. Davis of Toronto
English Wheels, Beaston, Humber,
Kudge, New Howe and Whitworth. Will
sell on installment plan or big discount
for cash. Parts supplied ��� Repairing a
Esquimalt and Nanaimo Ry.
Steamer Joun
On and after Mar. 22 nd, 1893
The Steamr-r JOAN will sail as follows
CALLING AT WAT PORTS as passengers
and freight nt iy offer
Leave Victoria, Tuesday, 7 a. m.
*' Nanaimo for Comox, Wednesday, 7 .. m
Leave Coniox for Nanaimo,      Fridays, 7a.m.
" Nanaimo for Viotoria Saturdey, 7 am
Leavo for Valdes Island onoe eaoh month
For freight or state rooms apply on
board, or at the Company's ticket office,
Victoria Station, Store street.
Esquimalt & Nanaimo R'y.
Time Table   No.  20,
To take affect at 8.00 a. m. on IMdty
April 87th, 1894.   Tralni run
on Pacific Standard Tlnu.
X u
h ��
8S9S*l*liiS3SKBirtS   S
<i ������ i i i .; = :������: : S**a
u*I|bm mjsiWI ���1f;^t5��8l*S'i*ia'��3 ���
1*2 8 ��
���**"Slissi - *���* ���s
��iAm,i*��nK ! ���'-���aasaas.'-agE a
a a
Mjljjiii i* i i
ssanssteSSsaaa as
kMnn-*--���*�������������������������� -own"J"*   (0 ���*�����
a*:*:*-*.*:::    *j
e! SB
Z j}0
On Saturday! and Sundays
Ruturn Tickets will bo lsiued botwoen all
poUts for a (are and a qunrtcr, Rood for ro*
torn not Ifttor than Monday.
Kcturn Tickets for ono and a halt ordinary
fnro may bo purchased daily to all points,
good for auvon days, including day of Ibbub,
Ko Return TickoU issued for a faro and a
quarter whore the single fara is twonty-flve
Through rates between Victoria and Comor,
Mileage and Commotion Tickets can bo obtained onapplicatloH to Ticket Agnnt, Victoria
President Osal Supt.
���Sen, Freight and Passenger Agt
The leading hotel in Oomox dittriet.
New and handsomely furnished,
excellent hunting and fishing close
to town. Tourist* csn depend on
first-class accommodation. Reasonable rates. Bar supplied with the
choicest liquors and cigars
R. Grahi-m, Propr.
Yarwood & Young,
Hamsters, So'ici'.orE, &c. Office Cor.
Huston nnd. Commercial St., Nanaimo, B. C.
Funeral Directors and Emuai.mers
Ora-tantns of tlio Oriental, Kurckn,
nnd United .St'itus CnHoK'-s of Km*
bHlmh-K *.
N-in.iimu, li. C.
A   Snap.
8o acres of fine land for sale or exchange
nr property at Courtenay, Union or U-
nion Wharf.
Apply at this office.
The Nanaimo Pharmacy
Nanaimo B. 0.
W. E. Mc Cartney Chemist,
Pure Drugs Chemicals and Patent
PhyBicans Presciptions and all orders filled
with caro and dispatch. P. 0. box 1*.
Menzie & McDonald,
Courtenay, B. C.
General  Blacksmiths.
Bring on lorn Wtri "
UNION Bakery
Best of Bread,  Cakes ai d
Pies always on hand.
The Bread Cart will   be at
Courtenay and Comox Tuesdays and Fridays.
Adderton & Rowbotham, Prop
Nanaimo   Saw Mill
��� and   ���
Sash and Door Factory
A BuUm, Proii. Mill at.. 1* 0 Box 39, Tol. 1-0
Nanaimo ll. C.
A complete stock nf Rough and Dressed
Lumber always on hand; also Shingles,
Laths, Pickets, Doors, Windows and
Blinds, Moulding, Scroll sawing, Turning
and all kinds of wood finishing furnished
Cellar,    While   Pine,'   Redwotd.
All orders accompanied withCASH prompt
ly and carefully attended to.
Steamer Estell
Harbor and ontside towing done a* reason
able rates.
Cumberland Heat Market
All Kinds of
Fresh Meat, Hams and Bacon
All Kinds of Vegetables and
Farmers Produce,
Orders from surrounding coun
try promptly fiiled.
A. C. Fulton, Prop.
Waverly l
X House,
uisrionsr, b o-
This Magnificent  Hotel  Building
W1U be Opened lor the Reception ot Guests Julyll.
Finest Appointments.
Best Table. Splendid Sample
Hooms   and  Reasonable   Rates.
Thi Big Busy Store.
We are now ready for business for Fall and
Winter having received ail our new goods.
We had our opening on Sept. 17, 18 and 19,
of Millinery and Mantles.
When in Nanaimo kindly drop in if only for
a minute just to see the Styles. They are elegant
this season.
49 Commercial St.
Nanaimo, B. C.
Union Clothing Store
Union,  B.  C.
Have Just received a fine Assortment of English Worsteds for
Suitings.   Also Keep Ready Made Clothing, Hats, Shoes and
"J*?"*,The Tailoring Department is in charge of D. McLeod,
which is a guarantee of perfectly fitting garments and the best
of workmanship.
Stage and Livery,
COTJ-E,TB3**TA.-*T, IB. O.
��� . o*"-*������'
Fine Rigs at Reasonable Rates Always on Hand,
,'.  Teaming Promptly Done,  ,'.
Get Suited.
J. Abrams, tlie clothier of Union has a
fine of 1400 samples to choose from for
suitings, ranging from $22 per suit upwards.   Perfect fit guaranteed
0. H. Beevor-Potts
Solicitor; Notary Public. Conveyancing
in all its branches. Office Comer-
cial St, Nanaimo.
Society    Cards
' 1.6. O. F., No .11
Union Lodge, I, O. O. F., meets every
Friday night at 8 o'clock. Visiting brethren cordially invited to attend.
Win. Wright, R. S.
"Hiram Looge No 14 A.F .& A.M..B.C.R
Courtenay B. C.
Lodge meets on every Saturday on or
before the full of the moon
Visiting Brothers   cordially requested
to attend.
R. S. McConnell,
K. of P.
Comox Lodge No 5,,K. of P., meets
every Saturday, after the new and full
moon, at 8 p. m. at Castle Hall, Comox.
Visiting Knights cordially invited to attend.
John Bjird
K. R.S.
C. O. O. F.
Loyal Sunbeam Lodge No. 100, C. O
0. F. meet in the old North Comox
school house every second Monday at 8
p. m. Visiting brethren cordially invited
to attend.
J. B. Bennett, Sec.
Robert Sanderson.
Joiner Uf Cartwright
Courtenay. B. 0.
Union Clothing Store
Goods At Coat.
For the next thirty days you can purchase at the Union Clothing Store Cloth
ing, Hats, Boots, Shots, White and Colon! Shirts, Collars, Cuffs, Gents under
Clothing, Socks, Overalls, Cordtgan Jack
ets at cost. The above goods all new.
Please call and inspect goods. Suits
made to order at the lowest possible price
J. A. Oathew
���O-KIOIT, B. O.
H A Simpson
Barrister and Solicitor. Office in md
flit, Green's Block,  Nanaimo,  B. C
Will be in Union every Wednesday and
Courtenay on Thursday.
Nanaimo Cigar Factory.
Philip Gable, Proprietor.
Baston Street     ���   Nanaimo B. 0.
Manufactures   the   finest   cigares,
employing none but white labor.
Why purchase inferior foreign cigars,
when you can obtain a superior article for the same money?
Home Made BoysSuits.
Suits for boys from two to ten years of
age made to order, at reasonable rates.
Apply to
Mrs. Charles Hooper, Courtenay
O. H. Fechner.
Shop: Late Drug store.
Union, B. 0.
Paper Hanger and Kalaominer.
Union, B. C.
G. B. Leighton
At tht Bay, Oomox, B. 0.
Blacksmithing an    Repairing
of all kinds
Carriage Work and Horseshoeing a specialty
For Sale
My farm of 113 acres, with coal right,
also stock and farm implements.
James Clark.
Comox, B.C.
All persons driving over tho wharf
or bridges in Comox diitrict faster
than a walk, will be prosecuted accord,
ing to law.
S. Orrech
Gov. Agent.
1. D. McLean
Jeweler, Bookseller
and Dealer in
Organs, Pianos, Music
Stationery,   and  Notions oi all kinds.
Union  Mines, B C.


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