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BC Historical Newspapers

The Weekly News Mar 22, 1893

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Array NO
$2.00 PER YEAR
Courtenay, B. C.
For Dry Goods, Boots and Shoes, Rubber
Goods.Groceries,Flour, Feed antl Provisions,
**cy    Go and see the prices at    "sJJ ���
Courtenay, Comox  District,   II. C.
Importer   and   General Merchant
THE WHARF        +~x COMOX, IS. C
Agent Dominion Pianos and Organs. Giant and Judson
Powder Co. 13. C. Potter and Terra Cotta Works. A
car lo id of Ogilvie's Hungarian Flourjust to hand.
W. J. Young. P. F. Scharschmidt.
Also Fancy Toilet Articles
TOBAO ro   J^.l<rJD   CIGABS.
    A   Full   Line of Everything   	
Grant and McGregor Props.
...   George   Howe.   ...
COMOX and UNION li, C.
Dealer in All Kinds of Meats,   Vegetables, etc.,
Orders Filled on Short Notic c
I have for sale somJ Splended  Lots and   Blocks a   little
As is now understood, the Canada Western will run its track
Directly Through The Property
in pissing from Courtenay to Union Wharf. Figures low and
terms reasonable now, bat prices will'be advanced before long
and may be doubled any day . Opportunity is our guest at
pr. sent, and once neglected NEVER   RETURNS
ay m MWWtd ill
Oilice at Courtenay.
Wm Cheney, Real F.stateAgt
to   buy
Agricultural Implements, Fatm and Iviiil  Machinery, Mining and mill supplies, Hardware, Belting, Paints and Oils,
Plaster, Cordaga and Cement
Victoria, B C
P O Box 86 S E Corner Y*tes and B road
Correspondence solicited.
Dr. W. J. Young
Physician Uf Surgeon
Courlcnay Pharmacy
Chas R Hardy & Co
Anil financial Brulur
Notary 1-ulilic, Conveyancer,
NuiHilmo. B.O.
.And Restaurant
Courtenay B.  C.
JJest of  everything   in   his   line
Always   on   band.
We don't say  that
It pays  to raise Oats,
Hut    if   you   HAVE   lo   do    so
It pays to sow good seed
We olf-r, f���r cash, a qunnity of
The "American   Banner
grown on new land.
Duncan   Bros.
McArdle's   firm    stage   will   leave
ut 1 p. m. ou  Wudnebdays, returning
after inuil hour.
On Saturday the stage will leave
r*6URTKNAY for Comox at 8 a. in. Re.
turuing leave
at iO a. n>,- returning io  Comox same
even ug.
All persons driving over the wharf
or bridge* in Coniox district (inter
than a walk, will be prosecuted accord
ing to law,
S. Creech
Gov, Agent.
Flour & Fend
Farm Produce
Fancy Groc-ries
Crockery & Glassware
Dry Goods
Bomb & Shoes
Paint & OiU
Gouts Furnishings
Patient Medicines
Sportsmens Supplies a Speciality
Riverside   Hotel
Courtenay B C
J. J. Grant, Proprietor
The lintel is one of ihc best equipped
on ihc Pacific Coast, and is situated at
the mouth'of thc Courtenay Kiver, between Union and the large fanning settlement of Comox,
Trent ate plentiful in the river, and
large game abounds in the neighborhoqcl
The liar connected with  the hotel  is
kept well supplied   with  thc  best wines
ind  liquors.   Stage  connects   with  all
Steamers.    Terms moderate
Esquimalt  and Nanaimo Ry.
Steamer Jon}
Onand after   Aug. 23rd, 1892
The Steamer JOAN will sail as follows
Leave Victoria, Tunnel ij*. ft n. in.
"   Nanaltito (or Omox, Wcilim-diiy, 7 a. m
"   (Jomox for Viilrtok- Inland, TlniiHiuy 7 ii.in,
I Uu'iiniii'ir smile diy. |
Luavo Coniox for Natiiiimb,      Fri-ti-ys. 7a.m.
'      Niinalino for Victoria,   am urttt-j*. t u.in
For freight or state  rooms apply on
board, or at thc Company's ticket office,
Victoria Station, Store street.
Esquimalt & Nanaimo K'y.
Time   Table   No.   17,
To take effect at 8.00 a. m. on Friday
Suptomber 30th. 1892. Trains run
on Paciiic Standard Timo.
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On Saturdays and Sundays
Return Ticket a will bo i-n-im-i between all
points for iv fun* nud it quarter, ROOtl for re*
turn nut later than Monday.
Return Tickets for ono and a half ordinary
fnrc   may lio purchased dally to ml points,
-[uod tor  si'*, I'll d.ij'fl. InclndiiiK tiny of in in*.
No llctuni Tiekou Issuotl for a faro und n
nuartor wliOro tlio hIiikI-J faro la   twimly-llve
Through nite-i between Victoria und Comox.
I'rositlenL Ucn'l Bupt,
Con. freight and Passenger Agt,
Society     Cards
Leiser Lodge No. 13, A. 0. U. W.
holds regular meetings on alternate Saturday evenings at7-30 p. m. in tjic old
North Cotnox School House. ' Visiting
Brethren are cordially invited to attend.
Ernest A. Ilolliday
Hiram Lodge No [4 A.F .& A.M..II.C.K.
Courtenay B, C.
Lodge meets on every Saturday on or
before thc full ofthe moon
Visiting Brothers   cordially requested
to attend.
W. J. Young
K. of P.
Comox Lodge No 5, K. of P., meets
every Saturday, after thc new aud full
moon, at 8 p. m. at Castle Hall, Comox.
Visiting Knights cordially invited to attend.
John mini,
K. R. S-
The Courtenay Hotel
Leading- hotel of Comox District
Everything first class.
Bates from $1.00 to $2.00
Bar supplied with choicest liquors
This section  is the    Paradise   for
Hunters aud Fishermen, and a  favorit
resort for visitors from the cities.
R. Graham, Propr.
T. C. Woods
Comox &.   C.
Conducts a General
Teaming   and Livery Business
His Stage Runs to Union and
Returns Thursdays and Saturdays.
For  Wftf, e
521 Acres of Choice Land,
��� and ���
9 Horses, 100 Sheep, arid 90 Cowa
together wilh
2 Mowing Machiues, 1 Bteol Roller
V Reaping Maehiue, 1 Sued Sowor,
1 Drill B'o*yer, 1 Spriug wagon, uud
Double Wftgdn;. ��� ���
Title deeds cun be aeeu in my poe-
Adam IcKelve^
Union Etea^liip Go, B.O.Ltd,
HKAJJ OFFICE and Wharf, viv'h'ctaivor.D.0.
Vancouvoutniid Xnnatmn���SS. Unti-li I-pavwi
II. 1'. It. .Vliiilf daily iitttp 1��. in- r.-iiiniiiit
from Nui:iiiniii,iL7u. 111. OurRO at- I Oiniiailj a
wlmrf until muni,
Vn-'L-onvor and CombxJ-fiS. ^omnx leurei*
Cutiipany1*) ytnnrt t*v- iy Monday at f. a in.
or Cuiii-*.*; liiHirict. ruturlnug.un Tne-idiiy.
Vancouver nnd Xnrthern Loggtng Canirn
and Semniionin  - ss, Coin****:  leaves, tlio
1 oiii'iiUi)'-* wlmrf every U'eilneailny 111-1 In. in.
for ('ititsun'i- Liiittlinif.Sncelnsli, VVHeoinu l-'iiss
l.uiitl, t'lirle*-. Iti'ini l-iiiiiil ni.it retnriiitu llm
i.iiini' rniii'-..iincl tu I'uri Nevillo mid wuy'pei'U)
every utiernnte Week
���(���jLStoamora nnrtHoow��alwaj*e nvallnbta fur
BxtmrsUuiBfTowiaKi Frultilitliiy UubIiiiai*.  Am
1110  titornj-o   .ALt-mit'ii'titi-iit   nji   id's  wlinrl.
Pari i< iiin -s on attpllcntfoa to 1 iii-- oilu-o.
WMi WEBESTEU,    Manager.
Telephone in P. 0. tins 217
J. W. McKenzie
Courtenay, B. C.
General Hlncksmlthlng
and Horse Shoeing,
Logger*' Work a Specialty.
Nob   Hill Property.
Six and One   Half Acres
on  Nob  Hill facing the Gulf.
Splendid Fruit Land
free from  wind and  frost and
suitable for a
Gentleman's    Residence
Four Acres are in grass and
the rest slashed. Price $600,
balance  three and six months.
Enquire at News Office.
Union Flashes.
Any one who imagines that because Un
ion is a mining camp there is no religious
or literary atmosphere will be sadly rti-6*
taken. The Methodists have a resident
minister, Mr. John Robson,B.A., eloquent
zealous and desesvedly popular. Under his
ministrations the society is rapidly growing, Funds are being collected for a
church edifice, and in the near future it
will undoubtedly be built. The I'resbyi
terians are also active and milking preparations for building. Hitherto they
have labored imber the disadvantage of
having no.resident rntniMof- but thai i-- to
he no longer. On last Wednesday, the
Uev'J.H.Higgins, wife aiul i hild, arrived
from Victoria. Mr. Hig^inshas been assigned to this place, and the |-i-cs'>ytc*-
inn sheep arc no longer without a shepherd. Mr. Higglns comes with a good
reputation as a speaker, thinker and work
cr, and good results may reasonably be
expected to follow. He is a graduate in
arts of McGill University and an honor
graduate in Theology ofthe Presbyterian
College, Montreal. So it will be seen
that the spiritual wants nf ibis community are bciiii* pretty well provided for.
The literary appetite is nn wholly unsatisfied. The Courtenay Nl!WS appears
to be looking after our local affairs with
ns much fidelity as though published here
As a district paper it must be published
somewhere and Courtenay is the most
central position. Thls,as our home paper,
comes first, and next ( at the present
tin-e ) is the Vancouver World, which,
thanks to the actively and zeal of its
traveling correspondent, J. T. Wilkinson,
the "World man on thc wing," who visited this place a short time ago, has now
a very gcncrnl circulation in town; and
then comes the Victoria Times which always contains a buget of spicy local news,
and alon�� with the Times ran be classed the Colonist,ju-t to preserve the cquili-
hiium.Th<- Wiii-f^sh ,sa goodly subscrip-
timli->t here but wc can.t" pat tiaulari-ee
further. Suffice it to ssiy that leading literary, social and religious papers as well
.is jnany magazines arc seen lure
Lutcly-lhc O-Uirry Co. with ils usual
iiberaliiv provided a r*:Mic Hall and
Heading Room, and to give a practical
turn to this rnti'i'pri*-e an orginalion was
effected w th thc fnllowinj- officer^: Pres-
Sec'y, ]. II. McLean; *IVas,Wm Mitcli-
cl: and Directors A.MrKnighr, A.Grant,
I).Ross, and J.ftruce. There is already a
large membership.
San Mateo Case.
On Saturday two double wagons came
over from Union, The first contained
the officers, engineers fireman and deck
hands uf die San Matco.aud in the second
were the judical magnates and officers
ofthe law of that enterprisin)* mining
camp, together with a sailor,who sat grim
and stern, in their midst, as an Indian
captive. They stopped at thc Farmer's
Home a moment to enquire the way and
then drove rnpidiy down through this
town, turned un the Day road, crept over
the long bridge,which shook like an asp-
er leaf, and were scon at the Court I louse
Justice Drabble, and Constable Anderson
wcri soon there. Thc object nf this
strange visitation soon become apparent.
The sailor was arraigned for failure to o-
bcy orders, and to work. He was said
to be a good man when he waagood, but
a very bad man when he was bail, which
last war shown to be hN usual condition.
He was given a job of three months at
hard labor in the public service.. This'is
thought to be the best cure for inebriety;
and one can pay his way in thc mean
time which is a matter of some iinpor
tance to a poor man.
The World Man on thi Win;
This individual, J.T. Wilkinson, has
flown, but did not take his flight as soon
as be expected. Like mn'-t individuals,
before he came, he probably thought that
he could take in all that was worth seeing
in one tlath of Irs eagle vision, and then
clepirt. He was agreeably mistaken.
It was nne week and then avast. He
had only jli, t got on the threshold
of the district. There is no doubt but
lhat with hi*- incessant activity, added to
the advantrit-e which thc possession of
wings gave htm, that he rou'd get over
more ground ihan an ordinary mortal.
Ihi! tn addition tn finding Comox district
a place of "magnificent distances" he must
have found a gnod deal to Interest him
and a good field for labor. He naturally
made his hcndiititirlcrs at Courtenay, as
the most central place from which to opera le, and here, at the Bay,up the Settlement, and over at Union, we are glad to
know that bis efforts were lewarded with
an abundant harvest of su-b ribers to the
mainmoth Weekly World. This of course
is partly due to thc people who know a
good thing when thev see il, tpul parily
to the fact that thc "World man nn the
wing" knows liow to "get there, Eli."
Sons of Temperance
A lodge nf the Sons of Temperance
w'as organized at the South (.omox
school house last Wednesday evening by
H.I-.Hrown. P.GAV.p. The following bf-
<;ciers were elected: Wm M. Anderinn,
W.P.; Jennie Flhley, R.S.; Jos.K.Ander-
ton, Con.;Rev. A. Fraser, Chap.; Maggie
Finley, A.C: Mrs M. Pritcbard, Trcas.j
Kdwa'rd Anderton, I.S.; Helen Anderton,
P. W. P.
Church Service, March 26 ���
Methodist��� At Denman, n   a.m. and
y p.m., "Rev. J. Robson.
At Union 11 a. ni. by Mr. Philip White
and 7 p. m. by Mr. Coulter.
Presbyterian ���At Uni'*n,01d   School
House, 7 p.m. Rev. J. H. Higgins.
Catholic ��� At Union, Old School House
n a.m. Fa* her Durand.
Look at This
Anyone wishing to buy a good  (arm
would do well to apply  to me.    Price of
faun $2500, Imlf cash, balance  to suit ihc
purchaser.   Only open fora  few days.
Jos, T. Grieve
Real   Estate Snaps.
For sale in acre and half acre lots
prairie lantl of best quality, situated on
��� the Tsolum River antl within a mile and
a half of Courtenay. Railway survey close
tc it. Splendid shing and hunting near
by. Apply at this office or toW.I--.Harm
ston on thc premises for price  and terms.
Wharf Scene at the Bay
Enter   Complainant, Queen's  Officer,
Young Man with Valise,and Others while
thc Joan blows her Whistle.
Officer���Hold: young man,I have a warrant to search you.
Y. M.���Well, here I am, and here's my
Officer--Just open this [Examines valise]
Now turn your pockets inside out. [Looks]
I see iiothing.
Complainant-- He's an arrant scoundrc';
search his boots.
A Voice���May be you'll find pigs there.
Officer- [ToComplainant] Herctakethc
warrant and search for yourself.
[Complainant declines.] The Joan blows
its whistle for the third time, the young
man seizes his valise and looks with appealing eye to thc Officer, who motions
him towards the steamer; then turning
to thc Complainant announces thc costs
of theprot ceding, which arc forked over,
and c-stient-
Ruthless   Slaughter.
Coniox, March 20th.--C.1n ynu tell me
what a "Sportsman" is ? Does it mean
one who takes rod or gun, not for the pur
pose of murdering feathered, furred, or
finned game, but for the pleasure a walk
through the woods or by the stream, noting as he goes,how admirably nature has
fitted her pels to their surroundings; and
who helps himself moderately, as is his
due, to such game as his skill asa hunter
op shcrman entitles him to?
If-nich be a sportsman, what term
should be applied to those gentlemen(?)
who, make day and nighf and all "Dun-
gnvvan howl again " with the roar of their
fowling pieces in thc neighborhood of
���"nmo*- Bay? Thc unforiunate brent,"little praychnpV.-rdl-nhw" rise off tbe Bay
in wild affright, and out to sea must go, if
they would have a moments peace at
night. When they venture back the lusil-
ade again begins and again thev arc forced
to fly to other grounds, and as they go,
methinks I hear them say,"Will the brent-
hog never be satisfied?
Why this slaughter? Pot-shots, wing-
shots,--nap shots, anv shots so long as
something is kill* .i or wounded. It cannot be that thev want the birds to eat, for
two men could not eat one tenth ofthe
birds killed. For sale? Perish the thought!
Here in C.imox, any man of Anglo Saxon color, who shoots gam for sale, is considered as being only one step above a
sellerof Indian whiskey. Perhaps thev
mav be makinga "World-s Fair record;"
Who knows? I cai-mnt but think lhat
tilde slaughterers will never cry enough
until the last feather nf game bird.the last
foot of game beast, the last fin of game
fish is wiped off thc face of the caith.
"Sic transit"!
Big Luck for Cheney.
The reporter .of the NEWS learning
thatWm Chenev. real estate dealer, of
this place had fal'en heir tn $10,000 into
the possession nfwh'di he has shortely to
come, sought him out to ascertain the cor
redness of his information. Mr. Cheney
was found tm nt his new residence, in
front'of which he stood chatting with a
friend. He was asked if it was (rue that
he was a legatee tn the tunc nf $m,ooo.
A broad smile spread over his handsome
fcaturps.as he pleaded .ruiltv 10 thecharge
Reporter���" Well, Mr. Cheney,* if its'a
fair question, Do you intend putting
your newly acquired capital into business?
Chenev���-"Inst as soon as I get hold of
Reporter���" In what way? permit me
to esk."
Chenev��� " Well, I can't lell iu*-t vet.
Put I think nf putting nn a grist mill here
for one thing, and I shall spread it around
herein Courienav.and make things hum,
ynu bet. I'll make some of these croakers hunt there holes before I get through
Thats all I've got to say.
Question of Rank.
Union, Ordinary St��� Editor of
N'-ws:���\V�� have gro*n tired of waiting on you to ask u-* to contribute oc-
rnsionni'y to help make th" Wbkkly
Nkws the best of the family papers,
and i-end you 'his in hopes it may cs-
cap thn waste basket. That your
readers tuny tindi-istnnd why Ordinary
street is bo named, I will explain. It is
because thi* ordinary coal diggo s mostly reside there. Of course, ynu know
that even hero society is divided into
cas'es. Not lo mention others there
ate (he mil ers   und  tin* ml  digger.-
Tho rules governing the social rein
linns of thc two Classen arc v< ry strict
Ordin ry cool d ggf-rs nre rigidly exc'ud
ed from pnrties given by their more ar-
isti ciatlc ne!ghbo s the miners. It
must not hq mi* | o-ed that ihiuirdintry
mim-r j artiiu'a 'y relishes thii- state of
things, lie does not; and somctinms
he biC'ks through the rule, as in the
case of a nrent surpr'se pnrly, where
ns is usual in galh* ring of the kind, thc
on*) to be visited was notift d. It is
said ihat to prevent any one rcsid ng
on Ordin-iy street from attending, a
gu*rd was placed at the outside door,
In spite of this precaution, n cohI dig-
g r neluallygahvd admittance and had
the temerity to request the pleasure of
the aristocrat's daughter'* company for
(i dance, Of course the Ihwb uf hospi-
tsli'iy forbade her to refuse. Hut think
ofthe shock to ihe feelings of the out
raged paitntf,   Had, Isn't it?
Is hereby given that the partnership
heretofore existing between the undersign
ed as carpentcis, buildersand undertakers
of Courtenay, B.C., under the firm name
and style of McCann & Cessford has been
dissolved but thc business will be carried
on the same as before by Mr. J.W. McCann.
J.W. McCann
Robt Cessford
Local 'Brevities
What's new? Cubb.s Cough Cure is
new, effectual and speedy.
Rev. J.X.Willemar returned last Wednesday from his trip to Chilliwack.
A large consignment MCochrane,Cas-
sels & Co's celebrated boots and shoes
have arrived at Mc Kims, every pair guaranteed.
Mel'hee Si Moore are enterprising mer
chants,   They keep Cubb's Cough Cure.
Communicrttinns must be in hy Saiur-
day-orat least by   Monday morning, to
ensue publication ill the following issue
The old Hudton Bav store building In
the Indian village en the Bay road has
been repaired and is now occupied by
Messrs Rowan & Giaham.thc well known
brush artists,
A. A. Berrow of Salt Spring Island was
up last week in the interests of his nursery. He was much pleased with this
part of the country and will visit it a-
gainin about two months.
It is reported that the brother of Mr
McConnell of Nob Hill, who is a minister
of the English church,will come out from
England some time during the summer.
Dr. Hamilton, who has been stopping
at the Bay for some lime, experts to leave
nn Friday by the SS. Joan. He is to return to England to complete his studies
in medicine.
The San Maico is expected to leave
today. The Umatilla has not yetarrived
but is expected in a day or two.
Mr. Swayne who was hurt last Wednes
dav at the mines, by the falling ofa flake
of coal, will be all right* again ina week
or so, as tbe injury was not serious.
Win Jones, the soda water man, isen-
joving a week of baching, bis wife and
mother having gone up the settlement
for a week's visit with the family of Mr.
George Grieve.
The beauliful ceremony of christaning
two little children occurred on Tuesday
of lasl week (March 14) at the residence
of Mr.George (irieve;one was the child of
Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Jones, and the other
of Mr. and Mrs. John Grieve.
Mr. Sutton who was injured some time
ago at Union is getting along fairly well
but it is not likely that he will be able to
do any hard labor this season.
Pull down your vest. Commerford &
Morgan nf Nanaimo make suits so that
you dont have to pull down your vest.
They fit. So says Dr. Young a patron
and friend of theirs.
The case between S.F.Crawford and
Tom Robertson, showed that Mrs Crawford had lost $20. and A.C.Kuiion hud
lost, also in time unaccruntable way
about $i5;stlll in the minds of the three
Justice** ���Drnbblo, Mutidell- McKi*mie
���there was no evidence to Implicate
young Robertson.
We receive orders for Brownlee's coin
mercial map nf the Province. It is a fine
map and will answer all the purpose of
the fifteen dollar one, and is a home production.    Can be seen at our office.
The mammoth store of L. Leiser at
at Union is being splendidly fitted up,
and large additional shelf room is being
provided for two carloads ofgeneral merchandise and dry goods which will arrive
by the next steamer.
Cubb's Cough Cure is leading in thc
cities as the safest, surest, and speediest
remedy for Coughs, Colds, Whooping
Cough and kindred ailments,
We are informed lhat the cabin of A-
L. Galarno, on Valdes Island, has again
been visited by Cape Mudgc Indians.and
the doors broken and windows smashed;
and in addition to this the floor was partially ripped up to see if nothing was Ind
1 here.
A new piano has arrived at ihe house
of the Methodist parson, at Union. It
came on the Joan on its Inst trip. It is a
Cabinet Grand, ofthe highest finish, ofa
pure,swcct tone,and responds to the touch
with almost instinctive fidclitj Mis.Robson, to whom it belongs, is a skillful performer.
The court business at the Bay last wee k
helped very materially to relieve the monotony. A citizen ofthe District wis provided with comfortable quarters *it the
public expense for one day and two nights
and the search warrants were flying so
thickly that like arrows of Xerxes' army
they fairly hid thc sun.
"We have received a communication on
thc subject of the late law suit relating to
the loss of money, but its publication can
do no good now. The party suspected
of clandestinely taking it has been acquitted, but unfortnmeFy the  mystery of
the loss has not been cleared up. As to
the oilier parties to thc affair we do not
seeth.-it iherejs anything in evidence reflecting on Ihem". Until the contrary Is
proved wi: ate bound to believe they acted 'm good faith. ,
The De I.ava Separator saves all the
troub'eof sett'lng pans, and it is claimed
that by ils use better butler will be made,
and in hot weather, 20 percent more.
Now is the best time to procure one, as
Hymn Crawford has succeeded in getting
a reducth n in prtcr-provtding scveinl orders arc obtained; already seven orders
have been obtained, viz: W. R Rohb. A.
McMillan, of Denman Island, Mr. Cowie of Franny Bay, Duncan Bros, Thos
Cairns, and Geo. Grieve.
Thc Rev. Mr. Eraser went down on
thc Joan last Wednesday presumably to
aitcntl the Presbytery at Nanaimo, to
which thc trouble between Rev. Mr.Mi-
I.eod and certain members ot his flock
was refered. It should be understood
that there is nothing in this trouble which
reflects on moral or religious character of
the minister,but it is charged that the so
cietv is in a bad way financially and that
the minister is self willed, and unworkable
Mr. McLeod admits that he has a mind
of his own{and who lhat amounts to any
thing has not?) but indignantly denies
the charge of being unworkable. That
thc membership of thc church has increased under his,ministrations about scv
enfold speaks volumes in his favor.
Subscribers at Union, who have not
paid will confer a favor by handing the
amount due, to Mr. T. D. McLean, jewel
er, who will receipt forth* same. HEALTH.
Some General Hiata
Sickness and death from poisons in tht
kitchen were moreeommon intlie <j!>1 duyu
bofop [onco and mediolne attempted io
, *,much matters; but oven now wc
,, to uiou i)ly hear al oasea that should never
have oooorrod, We uro no lunger troubled
with canned gooda it wo lake the food out
of the caua as they are opened. Suoh food
Is now as healthful a** that preaervod in any
other way. The old way *as la let the
food stand in tho cans, and the acid ofthe
fruit or vegetable formed oxide of tin, whioh
is dangerously poisonous. There ia oxide
of lead that can be loimod in cans that are
allowed to utand open for any length ot
time with the oontouts in them, Thera it*
quite aUttle lead used in all cans now
Canned meats lhat are allowed to st;ui.l
form ptomaines which is also a dangerous
substance io take Into tho Bystom. Thu
same thing follows in tho use of tin-ware lu
tho kitchen, II anything vory aold laplao*
ed in tho tin recontaclos and left there somo
of the oxides will bo rtovoloped, and cause
injury. If wo should put erapos, plums,
oranherries, or any of tho acid cooked fruits
in ii tin can or pan for any length of tune
the result would bo most disastrous, The
safest way is to use glass or common china.
Ola-sort waro is also considered dans*
us strong acids tako the glaxe oil', and cause
a metallic seam to collect on the surface,
Thoro ii really nothing bo safe aa j-lasa, or
the common atone or earthen jara and |ugr
that havo not been glazed inside. Theso
Bimple rooeptaolcs are free from danger, and
they cm boused with impunity for holding
nearly everything.
COLD walls.
Sanitary and hygienic principles are rapid
1> making almoat complete changes tu our
modern houses, and everything from garret
to collar Is being overhauled and viewed in
r,ho light of science. All of Lids work moans
bettor living, healthier and stronger bodies,
and more enjoyment in thia world. The
improvement may ho slow but there is a
steady bettering of our surroundings through
idl this endeavor. One thing that needs
at to tiding to In moat houses next to Iho
question of a dry cellar ia to look at tho
wnlls und seo ii" ihey uro cold or warm ones.
In wooden houses ihia is not so essential,
but Btono und brick ones aro very apt lo have
cold, damp wails Inside that sends a chill nil
through the houso. Walls that face upon
tho north or west sido of tho house becou
ho cold and dump in winter that they aro a
constant menace to the health ofthe occu*
pants. The walls are no: only cold, but thoy
nre damp and moist. If an article of clothing
ir, hung 1151011 thom it will got quite moist in
the course of a few hours. Such houaea
have the plastering dune right on the brick
or stone, and as these latter hold moisture
all through 'lis winter it soaks right into
the wall. This was u common way to build
the old fashioned stone und brick housoi.
und many ure tho aaino to-day. It ia really
as much as one's lifo is worth to live in those
houses through the winter. The rnmc-ly is
simple. Tear down the old wall und nut up
hulls and do the plastering on thorn, or it
thia ia too expensive nail laths right on the
old wall, and have a second wall made over
them. The dampness of the house will be
cured almost immediately.
There la no doubt but that there are
noma people who ure eo suscoptlhlo tu the
poisoning efToota of tobacco that they suffer
from inhaling the Kinoke in a room, or cv
from tho person of un inveterate smoker
ohewcr.   Such people cannntBtand smoking
in the living room, anil it is not only un ill
lliction for them lu endure the smoking but
il, is positive poisoning. Continual subjection 10 tlio infliction will 111 tho course of
Lone hr'ui'* 011 BiokllOBB, und even death
Ono can liecoino stioli an inveterate chowo
uml smoker that his aystom will become
thoroughly saturated with tobaoco, essences
and odors of il will dozo out at every pore.
Vory  son-iitlvo peoplo [-looping with oiioh 11
lobacocautitrated man can easily absort
enough of the poison to cause siuknet-a,
AnotTior cise has just boon reported uf a
wife dying frum tho effects of Biioli tnlltcclon,
Tobacco cllBBgreod with her, uml horhusbani
out of sympathy for her smoked chiefly at
the club, hia olllco or oil the street.*). Hut
he was nuch n votoran at ihe business that
lilsByslcin became saturated with it. Hia
wife slowly al sorhed enough from his body
at night to kill her. Neither understood
the matter, nor could lie be mado tocompro
bond that he. had killed hor from his amok-
im*. I!abio3 are especially sensitive tt
tohttCCC smoke und fumes, and they should
never be kept iu the room whero smoking is
going on.
Aii amusing theory in now discussed that
meat is an anthmusio diet, and thoso wli
persist in feeding largely on meat can never
be very musical singers. The true diet for
litem is vogetahlos and grains, Nation;
limb eat exclusively or largely of moat nud
fish are not musical nations. To carry out
this theory different cations are mentioned
Whore meat und fish are tho chief diet, and
who arc not musical. Tho others that arc
musical are mentioned as grain und vege
table eating nations. Tlio theory is first
founded upon that uf birds. Iiy a queer
coincidence nearly all of tho carnivorous
birds croak, scream and cry, but they do
noising, while nearly ull the class of grain
oatlng ones are sweot alegars. It may bo
that their diet has something to du will:
their musical talent and voices, and in the
same way people and natipns may be directed similarly. An Interesting collection of
notes now would consist of n comparison ol
llie diet of all groat Bingom.
A. S. Atkissos, M, IX
Too Much Meat.
There is no doubt lhat many' of the
diseases tliut ulllic. humanity an* caused by
tun groat indulgence in a meat diet. Scion-1
tilie authorities* tell us that meat is astiinu-
lunt, uml ih'U much of the high pressure
manner in which the business ofllfo Is conducted is superinduce.I by the stimulation
of our diet. Now, a healthy organization
needs no stimulant. Under healthy conditio!!!-, ihe body and mind will bu active
enough for tho duties required -���/ ilium.
Horses and cows aro vegetarians, hut they
have Biilliolont strength und activity, and if
iliu average human being were as free from
disease aa our four-footed friends, tho
doctors would havo a greatly restricted field.
Wo should cat leu moat und moro of tho
grains. If wn have no taste fur -.'ruin loud:
it is bccatiBO our appetite has become d>
prnved. We can, by persistent ofibrt,eduoal
our appetite ao that it will crave health fill
ami wholesome food,
aide, thus relieving the stomach, the appearance on tho lips being intended aa 11
warning to let ua know what improper food
a doing ut the stomach.
luvrnlliin    Tor  Xl'-riii-;  fttcnm Whicli    In
etui hi ni io in* economical,
An invention which Is likely to  have an
portant bearing on the economic generation of electricity has just been mado pub.
lie in England. The London Engineer,
refers to the system as having considerable
merit iu all power plants where the demands
fbr service are irregular. The principle is
not new. Its value lies in the new combination and application ot the method to
existing wants of power transformers.
The invention of which bo much is
expected in English electrical circles,
consists in tho storage of the continuous
work of a few small boilers, todo tho duty
of a large nunibcrof boilers for shortpctioda.
In electric generating stations the quantity
of electricity required varies greatly at
different times during twenty-four hours.
Tlm maximum quantity is usually needed
only a short time. Tho hoilera.however,
must be providod and fires either lighted or
kept bunked to meet tho requirements of
this short period, the boilers themselves
being auffioient to moot tho maximum
demand continuously. This not only
greatly increases the fuel consumption, but
makes the unit cost of current vory much
higher than Ifpro.luced with boilers always
working at full load.
To avoid these losses tho Blorage system
employs boiler power equal to only about
one-sixth or one-fourth the maximum load.
Theso boilers are worked continuously at
their best and most economical rate of
evaporation. When tho generating demand
Is small the work of these boilers is st -rod
by passing the water which they heat into
a sufficient number of plain storage tanks,
which aro protected from loaa by radiation.
The boilers will work at a presB'iro of, say
250 pounds, und will be what may bo called
flooded boilers���that is, there will bo no
steam space within them. The storage
tanks Will of course also be worked at this
pressure; but, by arrangements well known
to englneors, steam will bo taken from them
when tho engines aro working at a pressure
of, say 130 pounds. During tho time of
maximum load tho water level in those
tanks will fall by conversion of heated
water into steam, and tho lovel will again
be mado up diiri.ii- the fall to minimum de>
Tho estimated cost of the new arrange
ment is said to ho less than for a much larger number of boilers, and the saving oil
the present cost of steam production will,
it in believed, be from 40 to 50 per cent.
Tha Phenomena of Listht-
Several theories have been advanced by
the scientists to account for tho fact t.h��t
we have the ever pr������M��nometta known
,���<- .-light-."
Thc two principal of tho many reasons
thus set forth by the learned gentlemen
who have devoted their lives to such investigation uro tlio emission or corpuscular
theory, and that known as tho undulatory
Tlio principles of tho emission theory originated in llie fertile brain of the philos-
BOplier, Descartes, who was born way hack
iu 1600. Hut little attention was paid lliit
peculiar theory at that timo, and it and
Descartes were both almost forgotten when,
about (10 years later, Sir Isaac Newton appeared upon the scene and enunciated tlm
s:ime doctrine.
According to these eminent mon, light
lonslsts of small particles emitted by luminous bodies, the velocity of its transmission
mainly regulating tho colore.
The undulatory theory, that now is most
generally accepted by Ihe scientific world,
leaches that the s-pace between the celestial
bodies is occupied by un imponderablcethor;
und that the luminosity of a body is supposed lo be rapid vibratory motion proceeding from the body in question to the eye.
The waves of light proceed in all directions from every luminous point in straight
lines ; the motions of its particles being supposed to undulate iu a transverse direction
to the lines in which the light travels.
The velocity of light is so great thut the
human mind cannot grasp an idea of the
rapidity with which light travels.
According to the boat authorities attain'
able to tlio writer the distance traveled by
u beam of light in a pintle aecond of time is
130,000 miles. The distance is so great that
no percoptiblo space of time would be
oeoupie.l iu ita passage between any two
glvtii points on- tho earth's aurface.
A Valuable Collection or liul-i nmi silver
(lies for I'liii'iiROt
A Toronto despatch says :���It transpires
that the floor of the building at Chicago in
tended for exhibiting Canada's minerals
will not stand tlio strain to which it will
bo subjected, and is therefore being taken
up and trestle work placed underneath to
sttengthen it. The floor, as first constructed, would only hear a weight of 108 lbs. to
the sijuare foot, whilo some of the speci'
mens sent will be of a very massive
character. One enormous block of ore just
mined in the Sudbury district and uv,ait-
ing shipment weigha in tens.
The Hurkc exhibit of precious metals from
the Port Arthur district has arrived in Toronto, and will be sent to Chicago with the
other minerals.
So valuable are thespecimena of gold and
silver from tho Lake of the Woods district,
which just reached here for shipment to
Chicogo, that Mr. Awrey, Ontario Commie*
aioner, had to give a bond of SS.000 for their
safe return.
A great many American capitalists camo
to Toronto and inspected the mineral
Mbit here. Thc result is that there have
been numerous cm-uines after location,
One capitalist from New York was no much
struck with a sample of galena that ho paid
$400 to a well-known prospector lo survey
the location fur him, although ho fuih-d to
learn tho precise locality that tho  sample
Gold Sores-
The eruptions nr*, tho lip-, popularly ie
gardod as cold Borea, havo no possible con
neetion- necessarily, with colds, or tht
closing of the pores of 1 ho stomach, resulting
from  the  uso of Improper food, or  the
loo much a
irregular Um
the stomach
i wholesome food, talcing
��� lak tig it too often and at
������-between tin* meals. When
ia inflamed, In consequence of
abuse, this condition will bo j-lncardc*] on
the lips, the appearance of the lips closely
resembling that ofthe stomach, Tin.* cure
consists in frequent apllcaions of glyoerino,
sweet oil. or ovoti tallow, toexeltmo the air,
���which irritatcn thom, nud a strong application of giod judgmont nnd prudence, in
taking the plainest food, for 11 time,
un 1 leas tluiii usual, whilo prevention
��� which is fur hotter ���- results from
taking only a proper amount of plain food
all of tho tlmo. The articles moro especially lo bn avoided are sa't, in excess,
the spices, mustard���-best for an outward
application, to withdraw Irritations to tho
Btirface, whero they uro not dangerous���
all articles which will Irritate the surface,
if thus app led, like muBtard, salt, particularly with vinegar, etc. If 1 should
make uny other suggestion, it would be lo
uso the same Irritants, as mustard, etc.,
outwardly, over the pit of Ihe stomach,
sprinkling it on a wet cloth, that to be
well covered with a dry flannel, bringing
the same away from tho inside to ihe out-
Extraordinary  Case or rciriiieaih-11 in
Prance-*- Uentb Hie Only lt-lld.
The French Academy of Sciences has
been making reports 011 uu extraordinary
caBCof sclerema or petrifying  of the skin
and ouler  tissues of a liiiuini body.      The
case under consideration, which, iiy the
Way, is one cf the rarest reported in medical literature, is that of an is months old
child of St, .Jeanne, a suburb of the French
metropolis, When this doomed child was
last made tho subject uf aclinic ita lleah was
cold and almost as hard as marble ; and,
while it still continues to live, it can only
move the eyelids and lips. Tho poor iiiili*
snfloror Bleeps nearly all tho time, lying
with ils oyos wide open and breathing
mure liko some cleverly devised automation than a human being. The inner side
of the lipa, that' portion of the eyelids
which folds up under the eyebrows, und
a place about the bIzo of a silver dollar
under each arm, aro the only spots on tho
body which present any of the warm I h or
diability characteristic of human flesh,
n June or July the child was as healthy
s any of St. Jeanno'B many babies until it
got a heavy full, striking on the back ol
the head. The disease, which dates from
this full and Booms to nave aome mysterious connection between the tissuo ami
theskin, is supposed to bo tho result of
tho nervous shock. According to my
data this Is the thirty-ninth casoon record
ami the second in which tho whole of tho
body was all'ccted. Tho doctors in attendance say that death is tho only relief.
Three-quarters of a aecond is the timo
occupied by the fall of a knife in the guillotine. The knife is weighted by 120 fl)8, uf
load, falls Meet, and cuts through flesh
and   boitCB OS   easily as  through  a bar of
The world ha3 3,000 lighthouses.
ltostoii has two negro Couneiimeu.
Viuiderbilla have lace worth 8800,000.
Qermsny has now automatic bootblacks.
Women of rank go bareheaded in Mexico.
In the human skeleton there arc 260
A raoe-lnrse clears from 'JO to Jl leet at
a bound.
Greek infantry men are trained in stone
Kurope io reported to have fiO,OO0 match
Twelve average tea-plants produce ono
pound cf tea.
Every Slate in Mexico will be represented
at the World's Pair.
A revolver bus been invented that sin-eta
seven times a second.
When te.i was first brought; to England
the leaves were eaten.
A full-grown elephant is capable of carrying a load of two tons.
A signal posses through tho Atlantic cable
in 31-l()0th of a second.
There aro over 4,01)0 South African war
medals awaiting claimants.
Lord Tennyson makes tlio 1,173rd person
buried iu Westminster Abbey.
Every year the population of the United
States is increased by 1,000,000.
Tragedy WPS first represented on a waggon
by Thespis, at Athens, B.O. f��3(J.
In India there is .1 species of crow that
laughs just like a human being.
It is said that a Hungarian shepherd, age
I0G years, still attends hia floeks.
More than 700 lives of Columbus have
been written in various languages.
Out of 28,000 guardians ofthe poor in
England and Wales 136 are women.
A patent has been issued fora lock which
can be operated only by a magnetised key.
Weaving cigar ribbons into mats is the
latest fad of the girl whos-3 sweetheart
Two years ago there waa only ono co.
operative dairy society in Ireland, while
now thero are 30.
Jerusalem is still supplied with waler
from Solomon's Pools through an aqueduct
built by the Crusaders.
Before a Chinaman can leave Australia ho
is compelled to register his departure, and
Isavo his photograph.
The Revised Gorman Bible has been completed. For nearly thirty years critics and
scholars have been at work on it.
Nearly 40,000 people in Groat Britain pay
a guinea a year for the privilege of display
ing  their crests on   their  otatlonory  and
The present French Republic has spout
��40,000,000 in improving the waterways of
Ihe country, which reachs atot.il length of
7,450 miles.   All these canals are free.
A Yokohama (.Tapani correspoiidentatates
that sineo tho great earthquako of 1801,
1,110 and 2,620 shocks have been experienced in Nagoya and Gifu respectively.
It is   asserted that waterproof sheets
paper, gummed and hydraulically compressed, make a   material as dur..blo as leather
for allocs.   It also makes serviceable horse ���
In Japan, if a woman is not married by a
certain age, thc authorities pick out a man
whom they compel her to marry. This may
keep down old maids, but it increases the
number of male suicides.
It is claimed for tbo now magnesium flash
light for lighthouses, introduced expert'
mentally iu Germany, that ita ability to
penetrate almost opuipio atmosphere exceeds
that of any other known light.
No wonder the fish crop is never "short.
The flounder lays 7-000,000 Qijgs annually
several others ftom 1,000.000 to 3,01)0.0110
whilo tho turbot is credited with depositing
from 11,000,000 to 12,000,000 during each
breeding season.
Many of tho houses in Madrid have a
long palm branch twisted along tho rail
ings of one of the upper balconies. This
was blessed in one of the churches at Palm
Sunday, and is kept until another is substituted in the following year.
The total number ot letters carried in
Franco during ISill was 570,000,000, as com.
pared with 312,000,000 in 1877. The number of post-cards during the same period
increased from 80,000,000 to 41,000,000 and
newspaper wrappers from 192,(jOJ,000 to
On the white marble mantel-piece in the
Queen's sitting room is placed tho bust of
tho late lamented l'rinco Consort on the
right, whilst that of the Queen is on the
left. Her Majesty always has beside hor
on her writing-tablo photographs of her lute
beloved husband.
Thoro ia a lady in Paris to whom her
elegant countrywomen aro drawn just now.
At a single glance alio aoca what hat or bonnet shape suits a face ; she idealises the
various types of beauty, and her flight of
fancy aro never beyond the sphere of sound
good sense und luste.
Both the Kurds and tho Cossacks believe
that Ararat is guarded by an unearthly
being, and that uo man can ascend tho peak
and livo. They have a somewhat contrary
opinion, however, as to what kind of spirits
arc ou guard, thc former claiming thut the
davit ia guard supremo, the later that angels
aro on watch,
Thero is invested in railway enterprise
in thc United Kingdom upwards of ��897,
000,000. More than ��49,000.000 is spent
annually as working expenses for wages and
materials; and the number of men directly
employed constitutes an army of 350,000.
A funeral on bicycles recently took placo
in England. The dead man, who had been
captain of a bicycle club, requested before
hia death that his body should be convoyed
to tbo cemetery on bicycles ; and, to mako
tho event complete, tho members of the
club went on bicycles.
Thero are 2,301 negroes employed
Washington by tho Government, and they
ihiiw from the Trcaaury ill salaries about
82,000,000 u year. In all thero are between
78,000 and 80,000 negroes who live at the
national capital, and their accumulation of
wealth is now very largo. Among them,
too, aro many of the beat educated young
men uf the race,
Historic Bachelors*
Many eminent men, whoso names
household words and who havo loft tlieir
impress upou the world, aro bachelors.
Beethoven, Schubert, licltim, Cinarosa and
Donizetti, all great German musical com.
posers, were bachelors. John G. Wllittler,
our American poet, was a bachelor. Kant,
the groat philosopher j Erasmus, thosoholar
and philosopher; Leibnitz, tho Gorman
iimthcmatician ; Humboldt, the philosopher;
(lalileo, who discovered the application of
tho pondlum and that the earth revolved ���
Hugons, the German astronomer, who discovered Saturn's ring and ono satellite ;
beihig, the chemist j Dr. Huhneman, the
originator of homoeopathy; Dr. Fran**
Joseph Qal!, tho originator of phrenology,
and Guerioko, the inventor of tho air pump,
wero all bachelors.
Annual General Heeling ef flic
time has como when, in regard to itsnatft-upl
capital, oa woll as tn other respects, thc "Weal
ern'��� should tuke its st and union-- the" millionaire" companies of the country*   '���������''
"   nod nuch proportlona
ell-ink -ba
Kill till
continuing to paj ��iti-f.u-ii*ry dtvidonoa to
Shareholders upon tho Increased capital. If
iiu* i-f-iiin-ii.il-. nre adopted which urn to bo
submitted to you to-day, to complete the Issue
; or the capital which is provided for Iiy the
U'oinpuiiy's ilmrier. namely -J'J.Oiifl.eiHI-llft .v
percenl. of wliii-li will he p-iiil up. tl<u-*i*lviti;-
���i-iiii-n-.li cupitiilof One Millimi Dall.irs thi-*
I action, we feel confident, will materially aid
��� us,and those who nre :o come after ns, in
I maintaining ihe position ot the "Western"
Mn ilie front rank of tbe companies doing
j business on litis einllnent.
I'm-'.v**i t-oiul Annual   ltepurl    r.inlmiHl.v
SatlsfHetwy Desalts ofthe Seer's Op
t-rntloiiH Tin* lllvhlriiil*. SiilislanHal
uml Die Ki'M'iii' t'liml I.urm'lv A-lileil
To-Mr. uk. it. Cockburn Adrtc-l tofho
Directorate nnd tin* (Mil Koanl Re-
'1 lie Annual Meeting of Ihe Shareholders of ]    ������������'���, i'i'i.JiaVi'||,'tlien"reft'i'ieil to the relation;
-*--ve (*oinpuny wus held nt itsolliri's tit , wlm-li hail luvn rerentlv i*sluhlisln*(l between
i, on Wednesday. 'Jind February, lSIW.   Hie" Western "nnil the HritUliAinericu Assiu*
'  ���''"��� '''  "-��� :'  1     nnec Company, and explained nt
149 Birds at  Ono Shot.
During the recent severe weather in
Scotland a very extraordinary shot waa
'0 hy Sir Charles Robb's puntaman- A
large number of birds were Been sitting on
the ico, and the puntsman succeeded iu getting within aboutHixty yards of them. Some
of tlio birds ins.' us tin* gun waa lired, but
the total number killed by the diachargu
was 149: they included several specioa, but
tlio majority wore plovor. The gun waa U
iuchca in bore, and llie chr-tRo 4 ounces of
powder and 14 ounces of No. .'I shot, The
shot waa doubtless rendered nittilh more do.
itrnoHve than it would otherwise have been,
owing to tho pellets skidding along on Ihe
Hat surface of the ioc.
the nliov
Toronlo,   _ _        .
Mr.A.M. Hmilli. I'resiilen!. -iccupk'd tlierlinii-. ���n,.c company, ami explained nl sunn- l-'iu'lli
and Mr. .1. .1. Kenny. Miinaj*iiij- Director, was tin*  nrtvanlu'-fs  --.hicli mi'-lit.  be  looked fin
jiMiiimtid l.iai'i  a:- Sii'ivlury to the meeting, from these two Tor-mln companies working in
Tne Socrotary read tho following harmony, particulnWv In llie management and
KOHTY-BKCOKD ANNUAL RBPORT. ���\�� Agencies". ll'��iC ^ ^ "^ '""'
Tiie Director-- have pleasure in snbmilttng |    Mr. Oo.A. Cox, Vice-President, in seconding
tntlieSliurelioldcrs their Iteport en tlio tm.i. 1 the adoption of the report. Miid :-
ms.; nf ihe Company for Ihc year ending lilsl, I    J nm  glnd  to  have  the  opportunity, Mr
l)e.*i-in!iei*l;i-.i.t()!;ellit*i*wUhaecoiim> relating ��� IVesi.leiil, f)   seeonil llie adoption  of 11 report
thereto. tliul iniisl, 1 ���tin sure, hi' eiinneuli-. -uli-fa-lory
'I'he incr.msc in preinl'im income, which was to tllO Sliarolloldnra. I ul-o ilesiie lo extend
anlicijiated on cause-- referred lo in tlio last lo yourself and io tin* Shareholders my eon-
Amiu-il iteport, has been fully realized: tlio RTnlulaHons upon the iiia.^nilleeiil neord Dial
lotul premium reeoipts of llie Company (after you have given us, -.bowing Iho result, of Ihe
deluding iho timounl paid for reinsurance) lotnpany's business lor the lusl twenty year.-.,
having reached thc sum of Sf'.'.'-M ',28.1.011. ' An  average annual  dividend of over twelve
It must ho a matter of general regret. Unit per eenl. for twenty eonseeurive yeurs. 11-1L-
.���-ta-i-lie-.coiiipiled in relation lo lires in Canada withstandim- the vieis-utml-s u'i'.l seriou-< 011-
11111I Iho 1'uiled Stale-show Dial the Intul tire tbgral inns I but have overtaken IlieConipisny
ffoatoontlda continent In lf03, us in the pre- during thai long period. Is cerl'iluly very
ceiling veur. wus considerahh' in excess of reassuring: bill to return to tbe siaiemeni
wli,11 lia-.iiillKipii*.t, heen 1 lie .iver.ii-caiiioiin* under con-iiieru!ion. il is Ihe more t-ratii* ins:
of Mieb de-it met ion. Among Ihe serious losses to be able loineet our Shareholder- wilh >it. h
of Ihe veur may lie iin-nl ioned a rotillagrnliim on esluhil as hu*-been made there to- la- .when
i.i'eoii-'ideiMble'inagiiiluileat Milwaukee.Wis., it is evident from Iho report- imhli-hcil thus
and nne involving a loss or siimc Sla.lK'U.lKdl at fui'lbal. ninny l*i*-e Insunmo Ciiinpunn-s m
Si.Jolni's, Nfld. In Ihis latter disaster bow- Cnmida and the lulled States, as well as in
over. Ibis Compnnv was not iuvolvod.it having other par! s or tbe world, have 'ootid the year
been deemed inudvisublc to eslatili-h un of tW-'un iinproll'iiole one.
u'.'eiiev in Newfoundland. During tbe closing In comparing tin* lluures of I his reii'>r! will,
moid lis of tbe season of Inland navigation those presented a vein* ago, it is ('ii.'��.iiia::im:
there woro also some exreiitlonnlly heavy . to tlnd lhat llie rati.> of los-,., to i.reiuiuiii ��� i-
loss,.s to lake s-hipping. which inateriiilly re- ' i-nn-idei-iihly lower in !**'.'2 than it was in IS!)],
dueed llie prolll. of that brunch of the business,   nud it isiKTliiip-sliihiioreim-iort.iiitloob-eni*
Taking into account, therefore, the fuel that that while, as a result ofthe lur.r-'ly itiei'e;i-ed
these iinfuvoiirnhliixpi'i-ieiieesbaveiiindetbe lillsines?. tho aggrognto amount, paid for
veur a trylngonogciicfnUylo companies oiigug- genrral expenses is in excess of -itii.Iurclia r-.'.'-
ed in I-'ire nnd Murine undorwrliiiig, your Id- in the preceding year, the actual percentaj-e
redorsfeelibatl.be results of the business cf of ox|ienseslop:-cmiiiin income is l.'"7 per cent.
l.s.i'Mo the "Western" must, he eininent!y sat-, bflmv that of 1S1I1. Tb'-* saving In Itself is
Isfaclorv to Iho Shareholders. These results eiiuul to a nrnlit of some *?3!.lHin.
mav hebiielly^iiiniiiarizednsfollows:��� |    In regard to Ihe proposed  increase in I be
The prolit balance on tbo year's transactions capital of tlie Conuuiny. I hear!ily concur In
isS'i-.'l.i.Vi.T-'. Twohnlf-vearlviiividends.attbc nil thai Ihe President has -a'd as to tho
rale jf Hi ner cent, peranmini have been paid, udvisabilily of Inking Iho Until step to bring
and si!i;i,uiHI bus been carried to llie rc-irvo oureiipilal uji to Ihe onllinris-cd amount. Il
fund, which now innounls In gl.lffli.nM. Tho may be said lhnt our i��re*eiit nssclsare qnlto
ariimml estimated a-* ucci*s-*an* to run oil'or lame enough lo command public conlldeiicc
reinsiiroc\istingriskMs.-*7:w,L*T2.ii7;and.iiflei* bu* there nro few. if any. coiiip;n'es today
floiluotlng tills ftom Ihc total surplus funds of doing the amount of business which llie
:h" Compunv. 11 net surplus remains over cap- \ " Western" transacts on a smnller cash capital
Hal and all liabilities of ^.rir..-JSI.t-8. Ihan 3I.O!)H,tMH).   In reference lo the price at
The Directors rt-grel lo have to record tho ' which it is pronosed to ulloi (be new stork lo
loss during tlio veur of one of their number in ! Shareholdcra. I would point out thai taking
the ilealb of Mr. A.T. Kill ton. wbo fcr tbe past \ Into account the present low rale of intere-t
nine ve;ii*s bad been a valued member of tho 'obtainable nn invo-Iinent**. nnd hearing in
I'aur.l. The vneunev thus caused was IIHod by j mind Ihn! the Hiredors desire lo maintain the
lliciilf.'lionof Mi. f!  It, 11. Cockburn. M.l\      1 present rule of dividend. I I'l must b*con-idercd
Iiiclo-slnglhis report Hie Directors dc.-ire lo   a favourable price lo Shareholders.   Tills ni
express their appreciation of the etllclcnt
vices of the Olllccrs uud Agentsor the Company
during the past year.
Fire premium'*  $1,8(1 .:i'il 75
Marine premiums ���
,537,ffll id
Loss rc-nssuranco
*Jil",777 42
Interest account	
17,020 117
,318,013 20
Fire losso-*, Inollt ling an appropriation for alllosses reported In Dee.
81,181)2              $1,007,51)3-17
Marine losses, including an appropriation for all losses reported to
1 lee. Hi. 181)*!     377,li::i 18
General expenses, agents, eoinni:*-
sinn. and all oilier cburges......
Iluliinco to prolll. ami loss	
7<*7.��� 85
221,188 78
313,018 -H
rnoi'iT AN.) LOSS ACOOUN'l
Dividend No. \V>	
Hividi'iidNi-. lit	
Curried to reserve fund	
20.701 33
���211.817 Sti
l.i!i.t 1)
211,003 21
Dalanco from lad year	
I'reiui 11111 on new stock	
Profit for ihe year	
_"l,18l 3(1
*J'>,!Hi.1 11
221,450 78
251,003 20
Capital stock, paid up..               3
Losses  under   adjust-
Dividend payable January Dili. I8t��	
ItOBOITO fund ���JI.IIjHI.fllli' 00
Balance profit and loss.      fl,U34 P5
003,000 IU
21.1,558 57
20,817 SO
,005,051 0;
.JUS. Kin If
United Stntosand State bonds...
Dominion of Canada slock     .    .
442,860 0-j
202,000 7'
ever-ome ���mre-ln'.irU'.t ,.n,  -boublgive
Responsive took, lor Bontla Blanco ol thine.
Forget it not, a- long u-tliou -Tiall live;
But. in thy heart of heart 1, onsbnnol
hould ever somo congenial spirit my
A tender word, in friendship's garden grown,
Oil. lei il not, as frosted llowors, decay;
Hut be as amaranthine crown!
If over.somo unselfish on** should do
An net of kindness, In thy tlmo of need.
Within thy iiiem'rv. faithfully renew
The fragrant incense of llie deed!
Should ever SOUIO angelic woman tru-t
The treasures of hcrcmilng yearst.i Ihee.
Let not her hope-he trodden 111 tin* dust;
Uul loyal to thy promise he!
* with
0,1.011.') (10
821,710 0;
230,130 '5
77.110 M
1S.134 8!
88,001 2i
8,7-iO a;
353,071 12
91,038,400 48
Dank, Loan  Company, and oilier
Company's building	
Cash on hand and on deposit
Hills receivable	
Interesi, due und accruud	
Agcnls'   balnnooa   and   other accounts	
A.M. Smith,
J.J. KltNNY,
Managing Director.
Western AssuranceOfHccs,
Toronto, Feb. lllh, 1803.
auditors' heport.
To tho President and Directors'of the Western
Assurance Company:
Qbntlkmkn,���Wo hereby certify that we
have audited the hooks of tbe Ciiinpanv for tbe
year ended 'tint December, ISO*!, nnd fiuve examined iho voucher.-) and securities in connection therewith--and Hnd tbo Mime carefully
kept, correct, nnd properly net forth in the
abovo statement.
It. It, Catiii-on,
John* M. Mautix, 1C.O.A.,
Toronto, Feb. It. 1803.
In moving iho adoption of tho report, the
President, said:���
When addressing 1 lio last annual mooting of
Shareholders, I referred to tho withdrawal
from business of a number of Fire Insurance
Companies In Canada and tbe United States
during (Iiu preceding year; and 1 predicted
that, as acoiiseiiiionceol this, as well as from
advances In rates Hint woro being effected in
ninny quarters, companies reinnining In tbe
Held and ottering lo the public undoiiblcd
security in I he foi-.n of largo capital uud usscts
miglii during tbo your 181)2 look for a considerably Increased volume of biisine-s,
These predict ioni. as the account-now presented to you show, have been fulllllod in tbe
rise of the " Western." A net premium income
or upwards nl two ami ui|<..,,-i-.--iiiilJ'i)-ii|ii||iirs
ls something of which we may well foul proud.
demons!ruling, us it docs, nol only tlio
popularity of tho Company, mil the energy and
the 7.c.\\ of its representatives Ihpuighout llie
exleu-ivo Held of ilsoperatioiH. Uul, in pjre
Insniaiiee. M ill liio-d Other iiiatti.rs, ipianllty
must hercgii'ded 080 sccondury considcralioh
toqiinliiy. ami tholinndsoinobilnnoo which is
i-bownoijlhc credit sid<'of Iho revenue account
at tho close or n yonr whleh bus been, ironor-
ally j-penklng. anything bill ft favourable one
to Fire Insiirunco I'ompanie*. demonfltrfttos.
hotter tlintl nay words ofitiineeouhl do, Hint,
sound judgment nnd euro are exercised bv the
inuiiiiger. iilllcers. nnd agents of Ilia Company
in tlio selection of rlBks nnd ihe supervision of
Its business; In fact tbo report whleh vou
liavo ju-lbciirdroad, with  its ni-compunyim:
account* presents no clour and at the same time
what lllini!. must be ionsidored so satisfactory an exhibit of the past year's transaction-*,
that I need do no more, In moving itsadoiiliun
Hum commend thc figures to your careful con*
Hoforo resuming my scat, however, I mny
perhups be allowed, in view of Ibis being the
1 wenly-seveiith uiiniversary of my election as
a director, nnd iho tenth annual meeting at
which I have, hud the honor of lllling the President's elmir, to refer briefly to the past history
of tho Company. In looking over iho annual
ptntomenls which *wo have Btibmllted to tho
Slinreboldnrs for the twenty leurs from 1873 tn
1802 InoiitBlvo, 1 Ond that our total Income during lhnt. period has been ?-J,',,81f.,7."*'!, ami our
expenditure for losses ami ex|ien-es:;*j:i,!i.'!7,l7u.
Out, of Hie profit balance tliut remained wo
have puld in dividends Sl.015,000. and carried
nearly ?!HHi.oni) [(l our rcsenefund.
Mr, David HI. Jordan
cf Edmostoii, N. V.
Colorless, Emaciated, Helpless
A    Complete     Cure   by     HOOD'S
This is from Mr. D. M. Jordan, a retired farmer, and one of the most respected citizens of Otsego Co., N. Y.
"Fourteen years ago I bud an attach of the
gravel, and havo since been troubled with iny
Liver and Kidneys
gradually growing worse. Threo years ago I
f*ot down ou low (lint I couldicm-ccly *n*nlb-
x looked more like a corpse than a living being,
I bad no appetite and for live weeks 1 nm
nothiug lint grc**!. 1 wns badly emnclntcd
ami bud no more oo'or than n mni-blo -.tiitue.
Jlood'.-i Sar.'iipiirllla v,*us recommended und 1
thought 1 would try It. llefore 1 hud llnishi il
M.e lusl l-nillc I ii-il������ I lb.t Kelt |M-u-r. snf.
feicd less, Ihe it-'Uiim'ii.Ue.)1! ���-*!' iht* t,hnl.
cler bad imlislih'il. ilie color bej-an to return lo
my face, and I Ix-jjhii f-> feci lui-otirj-. After
Iliad taken three botllei l could eat anytlilu-j,
., ,. , without hurting, mo.   why, 1 got so hungry
capital in i.it;j was ���*���!!)i.iiii'), and since tliul dale ! t:;:;t f bad lo eat li timet a day.   I have now
wo have, from time to timo, nut be Increase in ] fully recovered, thanks to
our business scorned to rail  for it. mndemldi-       , PJ �� �� #11-���*���    Q=afC-**��rva*.^!li. ,
Hon-toil, until wo  have reached our present,'     H"SCOC3  G    OdrSepdrSilil
position villi {Ji'w.oihi paid  lip, while our stock : 1 feci vrall nud 11111 well.   All who know
*'    .11 llie-.Inirc list al 11 premium of seven-   me marvel to.sw me so well."   D. W. JOIIDAJT,
cut.   So miloh for tho pn-t ; and now a ��� * ������ *
* to tbo future.   As you have been nd-I     MOOD'S PlLLQ are tlio host aftor-cllmierPlllo,
1* circular, ihe Dlroctors think tliut tlm   -.r-jat-iij-ssUcu,euroiiundaohoandlillloutn^ii,
It must be remembered, however, that some
individual yeurs of those twenty, which ns a
whole show nuch favorable results, wero un-
prolllablcoiii-s, and IbM musl lmproi-s upon us
the wisdom, or rather tho nocoselty, In such n
business as ours, of Increasing our reserve
fund iti favorable years, so that rotfiilar dividends muy be malntuiiiod in Iosh fortunate seasons. I mlgbl also point out, that, durilif* the
twonly years cnditif* 31st December lu-l, to
whleh I hnvc refii;-rcd, our Shareholders have
received nn averairo return or twelve per cent,
per annum uprn llieir paid 1111 capital.   This
issue of slock, besides iiicreusini; the eusl
runilnl bv $IIM.<MI. will, it must bn borne ii
mind, odd a further |100,BOO to the Biirplui
funds nf Ihe Toiimany.
The Vlco-Prenldcnl also fully endorsed tho
views expressed by Ihe President nsto tho ad-
V.intaire.s likely to lie. 1 ue frum Ihe eonneelinns
which hnve been established between Ibis Com-
pnny and the Urltisb Anicriea Assurance Company.
Tiie roporl bavins bnnn unanlmoiiBly adopt ���
cd.il wns moved bv Mv. W.II. MoMlirrlch,
seconded by Mr, Itoht. Thompson, nnd cnrrlotl,
that a cordial vote of thanks bo pu-sed to the
Presid-nt and Hoard of Directors for llieir
services nnd attention tothe intercsis of tho
Comnnny during the past year.
Messrs .1. K. Ilohertsnti and ,1 IC. N'ivrn
hnviiif; been aprointcd-erutinoorfl tbo election
o(r>lrocli)r-*forthoonmilng yoar was proceeded
with, which re.-ulted In Ihe unanimous ro-
election of the old Hoard, vis*--Me-wrs. A. M.
Smith, Geo A.Cos, ITnn.8. a Wend, Ilohoit
Boaty, n. It. it. (wkhiirii, T\i.p.. iji-mw Me-
Murrieh. II. N. Balrd, W. it. Brook, and J. J,
Al Iho close nf tbe Annual Meeting tbe rnioa-
Hon of iiicre:i:iiielln* capilal slock of tho Comnnny to$2,Q'l0,0OD wns :-ubmittcd Ins reipiired
hv the Company's charter) ton special mooting
of theShiireboldcrsaiid iinaniiiiouslvni proved;
llie new slock |8fi00,000] to be issued nl 11 premium of ?.S per share (forty ] er* cent, on tho
nnionnl called up).and allotted to Shareholder
in the proportion of twaBhnres lo every throe
held by Ihem oil I'lb Mureh next, and paynblu
in live cipinl instalments of *?5,iiu |iei*sbare each
on Mm 1st days or April. June. Aut-11-t, October
and December, I*-*';'. resin*e|ivelv.
,    At 11111 1 m-of dm Hoard of Hlrcelors bold
snhsciiuenlly Mr, A. M. Smith was re-elected
President- and Mr. Uem*��n A. Cox Vicc-Pi-c-i-
dent for the onflttlng yonr.
��rai ^ration to Oanada-
The emigration to Canada was larger last
year than usual, ami llie area of lanrfsottlod
on Is greatly In excess of that of previous
years. A remarkable feature of laM year's
Immigration waB the settlement in Manitoba
and tiie North-West of a largo number of
farmers from the Western States of America, who hail been attracted hy the fertility
of the soil, ami the excellent crops the farm*
ors have Booured during the last two years.
The CanadlnnGovernmontofFcr very liberal
attractions in the tmupe of free grants of
land iu Manitoba, tho North-Wont Territories, ami British Columbia, and they also
give money bonuses to families or Individ,
tials taking up land in these provinces
within eighteen mouths cf their arrival,
All over the Dominion, however, land can
Ik obtained on very favorable terms. Till
classes in demand are those with capital,
farmers, farm labourers, and female domes,
tic servants, while skilled mechanics ami
others who havo friends in the country, or
who are assured of work on their arrival,
may eo with safety. Persons who aro contemplating emigration cannot do hotter than
consult the Government pamphlets, issued
from tho Emigration Bureau, liroadway,
Westminster, ami the C'aiiat'ian Government agonts,���[Spare Moments.
After the Honoyinoon
Mrs. Wobbles���"I shall never forgot,
dear, bow idiotic you looked when yon proposed In ine."'
Mr. Wobbles {with emphasis)���"I waa
idiotic "
Sukey's Bign,
A resilient of Newmarket was surprised
the other morning when he went to milk
his cow lo find a placard attached to her
horns, which bore thu following inscription;
"Go down nnd pay for thocabbago I tie*
vou red lust night."	
Tho Height of Oourtesyi
The Queen ol Saxony is pasilouately fond
of children, perhaps for tho vtry reason that
she lusnoiiu of her own. Accordingly, sho
nsver fails to cares:! a baby when (-lie gets a
chance. Onco, when taking a stroll ui tho
purl- at Drosdeiit Bhe aocosted a nur
a couple of eplcildld babies iu her
" Oil! tllO lovely peU !" she said. "T
no doubt V
" Yes, your Majesty, '
" Their father must bo very  proud of
'��� This ono's lather certainly li 1 but Ihe
other ouo's father bus jusl died."
" But you told mo thoy were twins !''
Then the nurse Musln-d and said, " 1 ben
pardon, it was not myself wbo Bald so, but
yoir Majesty, and -I didn't dare to conttft-
tl ct you."
A Q ratify inn Report*
In another column of Ibis  ISSUC we pub"
lish the forlyaeeonil uiinu.il report of the
Western Assurance Company, ot thi*1 olty.
The management have overy reason to congratulate   themselves    on    I bo     eXColloitl
showing of the year's btiBlnoss, tlio profits
for the twelve months amounting to nearly
a quarter ofa million of dollars, and thu
net premium income io upwards ol two
and a quarter millions of dollars. Onoof
Iho most Important features in connection
with tho annual meeting was tho dec! ion to
increase tho capital stock of the eonip ny In
Home Without a Mother-
Theflowor-Blond up.-ot d tbo mischief to
And Johnny is sortmmteg
As loud as he's able.
For nothing goes right when mammas away.
What a soi ne of disoomf' rt and confusion
home would lie if inamuu did not return.
If your wife is Blowly breaking down, frum
IV combination of domestic cares and female
disorders, make it yonr lirst businesa to restore her health. Or. Plerco'B Favorite
Prescription is without, a peer us a remedy
for feeble and debilitated women, an.I is the
only medicine for tho olass of maladies
known as female diseases whleh is Bold nn-
dor a positin guarantee from the manufaoo
turorstlmt it'will give satisfaction, or the
money will ho refunded. It is 1 positive
jure for Uicinost complicated cases of womb
The Hon. J. W. Femiimora is tho
Sheriff of Kent Co., Del., and lives
at Dover, tho County Scat and Capital of the State. The sheriff is a
gentleman fifty-nine years of age,
and this is what he says : "I have
"used your August Flower for sev-
" eral years in my family and for my
"own use, and found it docs me
"more good than any other remedy.
" I have heen troubled with what I
'���' call Sick Headache �� A pain comes
' in the back part of my bead first,
" and then soon a geueral headache
"until I become .sick and vomit.
"At times, too, I have a fullness
" after eating, a pressure after -.'ating
"at the pit of the stomach, and
"sourness, when food seemed to rise
" ti]) lu my throat and mouth. When
" I feel this coming on if I take a
" little August Flower it relieves
" ine, and is the best remedy 1 have
" ever taken for it. For this reason
"I  tribe  it and  recommend it to
' others .u a great remedy for Dys-
" pepsin, &c. *   -��
r- r,, nUEHN, Sole Manufacturer,
* w* ������.!���,. Sew Icrscj, 11. S. A-
The style shows the mon. Whether in
speaking or writing, a gentleman is always
known by hia stylo.
tomnornry niltnir, uml Btops tootlmoho In-itan
ly   Sold by druBBlata.
Mankind are more indebted to industry
than Ingenuity ; the godssot up their favors
at a price, und industry is the purchaser.
A.P. liis.
Thront. S'lU 1." nil Dru-;j;iFts on 1 Guamntn?.
r.,-1 iait E;.l��, Back MCht-t 6hiich'B Poroue
Jt'IibUi' will ;;;-'C tin..l^.i'isiV-rlica.���Sfi CCn-.3.
:i,nv ,,. I ." . 1 '1    "���������       11 villrellwi-
i!.',"l'i:ivvi'.n. l'i+��'Wi '"''a Inji-rtorlor
Its sit' iwsful tiv.ilim'1,1, f��'��. Ili'm'.'iu'Jt'i'.
::|iil.'li'N U.-uiuJIssi'-ritst^ld IsnUKUunttiWO.
Indeed is lie whose blood is poor,
wlio has lost his appotite and his
flesh and seems to bo In a rapid decline; but
Of Pure Norwegian God Liver Oil and
can make it rich again by restoring appetite,
il'-sd ami rich blood, and bo giving him energy
nnil perfect physical lifo, cures Coughs, Colds,
Consumption, Scrofula and Bronchitis,  it IS
Preparoil in-.::.- Iiy Soott & lln-vim, Ilolluvnio,
mv a
m\ iviLiiiiis si:��'i\(i uoiin
I/Oil  KA1J-;-Viilii-iblo   Caiiiidiiui   nUenl,
1    mlilre-'-, 'I'lie Helentitle New*-, Toronto.
ijlOB   BtlllSOKIl-riOX    Itomis,    itiltl.i:i
1   \\n u.ki >!���-, write to William Hrigj*-
Viiltr iiiii
rnii.-v in!
KiwIrliMl Suniili,]
Ntlrs lirompt nnil
nun ontnis, &o. it,,.
onsonnbla   Beliool  uml
i'.. ;i!iil HiHiks.
3S & 37 Adclitltlo St. v����� Toronto.
Thitt peoplo would havo bcon regularly using
nur 'Inilul. S��;i[h viiu'ii ISI'i Ifiiny-'-eveii lung
yenrnMt tbey 1i:l:1 nol bauii (it)()l)/ Ttm *>ul>lio
nrenotfoolBiinddo nol oontinuoto buygootls
unless thoy are stitlernotoryi
Now* rondy uml moiled free |,o nil nppltennts.
Ciirefnlly i-.'id'U'il Km-ui nud Onnleii Hnud*-.
tinii Seed tiriiin. Cliiiii*,- Klinver Sued*-, t! cnii
(i'riis-1 nmi Clover Soeds, Special attention
pntd to Corn for I��n*llagc.
For Clroulr��r Address,
-T Norllicote .iv,.., Toronto
koff mo r;ior,e
n ltivtl nr :lli
nm ill.  Why
.oil InnllDiiip
yonr loon in
Ini; to fonn
mot orsnoo.
���              Wo
fa^           llOOls
uml Slieiw
Ask for the .1. n. King ft t'"., Ltd., perfect lit
Hug goods, nnd be happy,
SJiOOt Music,    MustO   BOOkS) Guitars
Danjoc, Vio!1n3, Aqro.-iloono and all kind
of Band Intrtrumentis Tholargoatstockin
(Jet ourprlooa bofore purchasing cl-ewhero
andBavo innuoy.
never fails,  (TCURKS oatarrhintheHEAD
EU.I jb tlio (,-'iio ut nuell, mul ilrlvi-R nway tlio
DULL HEADACHE csiiCTioiicnil by all who iulvo
Oatantfi, One bottle will work wonders. Price
OUu, ait Dm'*!'it *.   !-'' '������i l'V nin.il on receipt ef
iirieoby ftcttlreBsliiR
OLARit iJflEMICAL CO..18H '^Mt Si.West. TORONTO.
will mall Trial  llnltle
t'n.. Uoibe-ter. N.V.
Canadian  Ofileo, 188 Adelaide Street West.
Toronto- _��� 	
destroy health, liapnlucss
Bleep ami ilomostto foholty
by drinking Impure water 1
Sir llemy Thompson says
l he only safe water to drink
ih mineral, nud
st. x.'ieo-R'r
has been shown by analysis and experience
to ho the best wator yet discovered, Don't
endanger life by driiiicing filthy water, Get
a jar of St. Icon at once. For sale by all
principal grocers, druggists and Imielti, or
St. Loon Mineral Water Co., Limited.
Ho:id Offloo, Toronto.   Branch, -143 Yougo
s 0.!i
> 1 .'..-
\ 1
tlavuttil tbi intait Improroinonts, Re sure
ami Rot ono for you,* buggy. Tbey ure belter
linn ever fur [8Hn<
VTiy bo troubled with piles, ex.
- In fro linii'ls ol IfflUSsllDS It lias lirovoil
perfectly iiiv.-lualilo. It Never Fails, ovou in
cases o[loi,i4 (tiiiiiliiiH. I'RiCrUil.OOat Unionists
Bone by tii.iil ii' luc. ii'ii'l price bv lul.lrcssllilt
_ ffij*sll ji
I". I
Bind foi Question Sheet. Oi KeceiptofAnswedv
Let Me Select Wkt is Rrcu w. Will Sens Vou
Pais., Coob3bseEei:t 3Y IHA1L, Uecistered,
Coanti/rAKU Cheap.
��3KKa<'ts.S3. eax.lJ'TJBLH
3UICIML M��5��lKlsr, 134 Knli S'.siET W��� TORONTO YOUNG POLKS.
roily and tho ijaby-
I'm going after aome nuts," said Jacks
" You come, too."
"No," B:iirt Polly, "It'BUofun when
you've got to tun along with a baby*"
Polly however, look little Joe from tho
cradle, where hu sat; trying to get both plump
lists into bis mouth at once, and scolding
each one in turn becauso he couldn't, and
went to see .lack fix his wagon and harness*
It really was vory interesting. A so.ip-
box on wheels inmlo as good a wagon as
nny one would wish to see. Rover WM
having his harness fitted, lying down nlionl
half a dozen time-* just as it was most needful that ho should slaml np.
At last, it was finished, Jim, Polly's
brother next older than the baby-got Into
tlm wagon, Jack lud Rover by a string, and
he trotted off as soberly as any old nag.
All the children where delighted, and,
Polly, forgetting how heavy little Joe was,
followed the boys until tbey woro almost to
tho grove.
" Vou might as well enmo a little farther
now you're so far," said Jack.
"I'm so tired carrying the baby 1"
" Put   him  in the   wagon,"   suggested
" Oh, he might get hurt."
"Ho   couldn't,    said duck,   positively,
���**"    "Seo, I'll tie Hover here to this tree, and
he'll lio down as quiet as a ltik-o.    Rover
always likes lying down beUei'ndoing any-
thing else.'
Polly looked around. It was not a public
road they wore In, only a path, with n groen
field on one side ami a sleep grassy bank nu
the other. No cows were in tho Held, and
none could come up that bank.
Jack took oil' his coat and laid it iu the
wagon for baby to sit nn. Itaby was crowing i-nil laughing like a little cherub, as he
They strayed into thc grove, Jack ilium
Ing up sticks and stones to bring down tho
nuts, which Polly and Jin*- picked up.
Polly turned often to look at baby, running back onoe or twice lo make sure ho wan
till right, .She found his oyei closing, and
laid him tenderly down in the wagon, with
the coat for a pillow. Then she ran back
to where she had left tlio buys, and soon
forgot to notice how lap oil they wore getting.
"There's some berries in the lot beyond,"
said Jnck, "It won't take long for us to
get 'em."
Baby was out of sight now, and Polly
felt uiltasy about going any further from
htm. " Rover'll take just as good care of
him as vou will," Jack said.
Ho Tolly went for tho herrie*.    Hut before
loin.' Jack turned bis head to listen.
" What's that':" he said
" It's Rover barking," cried Polly, running with all her might.
The boys followed her. Tolly screamed
when at length Hover came in view.
Ho had caught sight of a rabbit, and was
louring along like a wild creature
After him oame tlio wagon, bouncing and
humping from ouo tree in another, now
t(ragged on one side, now on tho other, now
upside down. Tolly and tbo boys screamed
to him, but the more they screamed the
faster ho dashed on. Crash went the wagon
--top [���one, bottom gone, wheels gone at
last, just as Hover took a jump over the
fence into the tield where the berries grew.
Whore was thc baby?
As the rabbit had shown his pinkdinod
oars Rover had sprung forward with abound
which jerked the waggon high into the air.
Out went baby rolling over ami over
down the steep bank. Ho reaohod the bottom of it beforo ho was fairly awake. He
rubbed his oyea, found that ho was not hurt
und Bat still tor a moment, perhaps wondering what was coming next, and then set up
such a roar from his red lips that all tha
people in tho nearest house ran to see what
could bo the matter, It was Mrs. Jones's
house and baby's mother was there, and she
was the first one to roach him. She picked
him up nnd carried him homo.
Au hour later throe sorry-look ing children, with swollen eyoaand loot aching with
walking about hunting for the baby, came
and petport in the door.
Baby was thero, trying as hard as before
to got both fists into his mouth, and scolding
jusi as hard because he couldn't.
Tolly made a mill at him.
" 0 baby! I'll nover-never leave you
again that way as long aa you live !"
so unexpectedly confronted by the King
and bis soldiers.
Louis XIV. had seen through the geographer's telescope the drowning of the poor
boy by his unnatural brothers, an 1 while
bis face blanched at the night, hu determined to prevent the escapee! the murderers,
The guilty men were startled ami thrown
off their guard un their arrest by tin: King,
which seemed to them like the vengeance
of Heaven, that they confessed their crime,
and all threo were executed at once, If Ida
Majesty's hunting party had not been put
off, In all probability the grime would never
havo been discovered.���{Harper's Young
P��?1o. .
Ueiu-t.  Of ni Fuel ns   Tin*  I link ns 1(1*0-.
Preceded by WmihI -nui * inm-nni.
Though coal had been employed for centuries In tho manufacture m salt on the
Bhoroa of the coal fields, w 1 had hitherto
continued to bo the fuol at the Inland auk
works. Tho i*se of coal at Nantwich is mentioned as ii novelty in 1080 : and according
to tbo Contemporary Iteview, at Droltwloh
wood fuel and  leaden puis were  in use up
till 1001, In this era thd sea suit manufacture was in (he zenith of It prosperity. But
the substitution of cm! for wood in the inland
salt trade, aided by the discovery of rook
salt, which took placo accidentally in boring
for eoal in Cheshire, IS7II, led to ihogrudual
declino and filial extinction of the manufacture of i-iill on the coast, Tlm only traces
now rum-iining of this once tl initialling
industry exist   in such  niinicH ai  llowdon-
pans on thoTyno, Prestotipans on tho Forth)
Saltcoats iii Ayreshlro and Saltpans in Arran
d Klntyro- "r in tho Sootiah proverb,
Carry salt loDysart," synonymous wi'h
tho English "furry enal to Newcastle." In
no brunch nf industry was tbo soar city of
wood more keenly foil than iu the smelting
of metalliferous ores, Continued oiTorta to
accomplish this wilh coal began Immediately uft'21* the nccosstouof Jainea I. uml were
persevered in throughout the seventeenth
oontury. Hut for a long jJet-oid the new fuol
proved highly Intractable, uml Bohaine aftor
scheme ended in failure and disappointment.
After eighty years of oft-repeated trials
the tantalizing problem remained unsolved.
Wood and charcoal slill hold tho field in
the smelting furnace und all hope of ever
seeing eoul substituted for them had well
ilgh died out. lu 1080 Sir John PotttiB, in
his " Essays on Words Metnlliok," concluded his observations regarding sea coal
und pit co.il with the remark : " These are
not useful to motalF," Tho unpromising
protpeels, however, soon began lo brighten.
Immediately alter the revival of lead and
copper mining, which took place about 1092
���having probably been moro or less in
abeyance Bince the interruptions occasioned
by the civil wars, when
Tho fisher loft his Bklfftorook
On Tamar'n RliiterinK waves:
The rm-irctl mimrs ru-mul to war
From Memlip's Bunions coven.
���theso ores came to ho smelted with coal,
The extraction of silver  from   lead with
coal wus accomplished by a Mr. Lydallu
Hill", and llie sumo individual appears to
havo been the lirst tn successfully employ
coal in tho smelting of iiu, in 1705. The
ores of iron proved more refractory, no substantial uud permanent success in smelting
thom with coal being obtained lill near Iho
middle of the eighteenth century, when tho
manufacture of charcoal iron bad dwindled
to very sin-ill proportions���In fact, was dying out for want uf fuel. It then at length
beaamo an accomplished fact at tbo Coal'
hrookdalo iron works In Shropshire. Tho
success wus at first ascribed to tho Shropshire coal, but probably tbe employment of
a strong blast bud a great deal to do with
It. From this the coal became the lifo of
the iron manufacture, The ci-devant drooping trade rapidly revived, and tho latter
part of the eighteenth century saw coal iron
furnaces in successful operation throughout
the kingdom.
What Thfi King Raw-
The historical King is some times very
much like tho small boy who hates to be
disappointed, antl when sullbring from
this afillotion must have BOino new and
apodal amusement provided for him. The
grand mouaroh, Louis XIV. of France, who
was not so grand on a close view, did something very lllUOll like sulking one very hot
day when the beat prevented htm from going out hunting,    It was to have been such
a splendid party, pouted the pleasure loving King, arrange 1 by himself entirely to
his own satisfaction ; and the game was so
tine near tbe chateau of Marly, where the
court waa thou settled i but this miserable
heat, must come and spoil everything.
What about the poor people in those
narrow streets and bines of Paris, parching
aud dying foi'P breath of pure air, ami a
sight ofthe green trees and lawns that
modi* Marly so beautiful? Ab ! that, as
the King would havo said, was nne outre
chose��� to-day the Majesty of France wished
logo llUIlt lltg and was disappointed. He
had a great many playthings of various
kinds, this disappointed King, but ho
frowned at all suggestions, and would
amuse himself with none of them.
Ho did not exactly flatten his nose
against the window-pane, after tho manner
of the spoiled small boy when the elements
combine to make Ills life   a burden,  but lie
hung very heavily on the hands of Mb courtiers, who fell tint bis Majesty must be
amused at any price.    .Some brighter spirit
than the rost finally suggested a grand telescope which belonged lo great a geographer,
ami ibis line Instrument was brought to
Marly, and pul in position for the King to
gaJifl through it to a distance often miles
iu all directions. Its power was wonderful
enabling tho pi zcr even to distinguish the
fealiiicM of peoplo at that great distance,
The King's new playing was quite as ab
aorbing as llie hunt, aud fur a long time ho.
g.uod spellbound through tho wonderftl*
glaiS, The ii'ixioliseourliei's begun to breathe
more frooly,and blessed the telescope and its
Inventor, when suddenly his Majesty turn-
o 1 vi t*y pale, dropped tho glass which had
voided him so much pleasure, and ordered
Count do i!���to have a horsa saddled,
and to summon ten files of the cavalry,
Which he himself would command.
Forgetting bis late Indifference and dis-
satisfaction, tioills XIV. sprang into tho
���addle and rode furiously along thc luck of
tho Seine, with tho oavalary close in tho
rear. Iletore long those wild riders encountered three young men who were coming towards them tn foot. Those pedestrians,
Who WOW droned like country people,
���earned to bo In a hurry, ami were quite ex-
i Rod on seeing Iho royal cavalry approach-
luathom with the King at their head.
His Majoaoty ordrod a halt, and said to
the peasants, greatly to their surprise, "Au
hour since you three wero bathing in tho
river, just beyond the village of Maisons?"
Tho men assented, nnd the King ordered
Count de I! to arrest them at onco.    No
one dared lo question his Majesty's orders,
but alt wero greatly puzzled at the strange
proceedings to which the tolescopo seemed to
have led. The general Huppo-ntum was that
hy its aid the King had discovered a plot
against Ids own life, and oheso to arrest the
criminals himself to make sure of them.
The men wero criminals beyond a doubt,
hut they had no design on the lifo of Iho
King. Tbey had just drowned, on a pretext
of bathing In tlio Seine, their young slop-
brother-, who was thoir father's favorite and
fearing that lie would got mosl 01 Iho prop-
orty, ihey rosulvQ;! loiiiake uw.iy with him.
Having droiBod the.nselves and hid their
brothel's clothes, they were walking along
the street lu fancied aoonrlty when they wore
1'Ollt-elOt*-* In I'uglnitil  Wiin  Admire (lie
Tlio President of the Leeds Philatelic
Society ntffc recent meeting described the
.-.lamps of Canada, which, he said, like those
of tho other British North American colonies, are all very handsome in design nmi exquisite in workmanship. The first issue nf
three value*, wus in April, 1'*.."-1. The designs weron Heaver for tbo 3d, va'tuo, a
portrait of Prince Albert for the (id., and
one of the Queen for u slump which was
given us of the value of "twelve pence,''
which is probably a  unique   instance  of  a
Bhllllng being so denominated. The second
'as io consisted of tbo same three stamps on
different papor. In 1855 a lOd, stamp was
broughti into use, hearing the portrait of
Jaqnoi* Cartler, who first explored the S;.
Lawrence, *'o naming that splendid river
from having entered it on St. Lawrence's
Day, lu 1857 a couple of now values were
added-���7H. and -Id.���with Qucon'a henda
of different types for the central
dosijrn. In tbo same year tho J.d.,
3d,, and Od, were issued perforated, On the
1st of duly, 183j), a radical -change occurred
in the currency of the I lolony, which adopted dollars and cents in lieu of shillings am?
pence, und the stamps were issued of Ihe
same designs as before, with but slight
alterations, to conform to the new oolnago,
the "twelve pence" being discarded altogether. A S-ceilt value was added in I SO I.
In lSfiS the whole set was superseded by a
new series of handsome stamp- of large size
and uniform design, intended for use uot
merely In one colony as the previousstamps
had been, but for tho whole Canadian Dominion, formed by the union of Canada.
New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia in the lirst
instance, and afterwards of British Columbia, Manitoba, and Prince Edward Island.
In 1870 theso large stamps were roplacod
by new ones of practically the same design,
but Hiiijillei* and more convenient in size,
which are still in uso, with one or two additional values,-���All the members pres-ml,
with n single except no, showed their collections of Canadian stamps, Mr. Bockwlth's
own series being not far from complete.
Most sheep die before they aro a year old
A very lino Htradivarius violin will fetch
& 10,000.
Tlio prices of medicines are fixed by law
in Prussia, and a new piiee list is annually
The best kid gloves arc not made of kid,
but ofthe skins of young colts. The cheapest kid gloves aro made of lamb uud rat
Dwarfs ate the Inhabitants of the Andaman Islands. It. is seldom that a full-grown
man is seen over forty-two iiiohos in height.
Hose wood ia so called bo'-aose when first
cut it inhales a perfume like that of a rose.
Hoses never grow upou tbo tree which produces it.
Tho digestive organs of a hackman in
Bath, Me., must be ns strong as a quarts-
crusher. He eats eggs with tho shells on,
and occasionally chews up anil eats lamp
chimneys and crockery.
Three dozen of Chinese phcusanls were
caught by throe boys in Eastern Oregon,
luring a snow-storm, and sold for 810 a
pair, Tho snow settled on tho birds' tails,
preventing them from Hying.
A dog wilh a dangerous appetite is referred to iu tho following advertisement*
from an English paper : " Tor sale���A bull
terrier,, two years old. Will eat anything ;
very fond of children,"
Tho man with the iron skuil" is the
latest Loudon freak. Un liis head he puts
a block of wood, and on this a granite rook.
Ho permits anybody to oraok tho rock with
dodge hammer, while ii.rests on his skull.
The chimney of aglnaa-llOUBO in Liverpool
is 105 feel high, formed entirely of glass
bricks. Tho floors and roof arc of glass;
and even the journal boxes, in which the
machinery revolves, uro ot the same transparent material,
Several months ago, John Wikon, oi
Tilisburgli, ]\i., dislocated bis hip, nnd
several doctors failed to relieve him. While
alighting from a street-ear the oilier day,
he slipped and fell ou the ice, ami tbo sudden jar cured his Inuiottoss,
Mrs. Yates, of Springfield, Ohio, n the
mother of twenty-four children. Among
them aro live Hots twins. She was married at
tho ago of fourteen ; her youngest child is
only a few weeks'old, and her eldest 13 in
his twenty-seventh year.
German dentists now mako false teeth of
paper. Thoy arc said lo be a very nuiurul
imitation of the real article and last lor
Experiment his shown that a "Yankee
pumpkin'' will lift two mid ono half-tons,
provided thi weight bo so placed as to
interfere with the growth of tbo vegetable.
Tho largest sheep ranch iu the world is
in tho counties of Diminot and Webb, Texas,
it contains upward of 400.0110 acres nnd
yearly pastures from 1,000,000 to 1,0110,000
The settlers on the Quillayuto prairies,
in Washington, are afforded lino sport in
thousands of wild gSOSB that come thor-3 in
tho fall and make the region their winter
It is not an easy matter to freeze nut
trichina,1. After subjection ton temperature
of 25 degrees below zero lor two hours tbey
again become active when exposed lo light
and beat.
Dr. Carver relates llie story ofa paving*
stono weighing eighty-three pound-;, which
was raised from its bed (when Joined on all
four sides by other stones) by auch a soft
Bubstance us a common "pufi*ball" mushroom.
i\ Purkershuig, Va., musician has just
perfected and patented a novel musical
instrument, which he calls a "key zither,"
"t is simply a i-iliier played with keys, but
it is Boid to be a revelation in tho way of a
musical Instrument.
A train stopped no.\r Gibson, III., to take
water. Tbo fluid overflowed the locomotive
tender, and froze tho engine fast to the
track. It waa four hours before ihe train
ou Id bo budged. A new locomotive was
sent for, and it bumped the train froe.
The horaeshoe superstition has been considerably modified in tho mind of a Jit.
Louis man. lie found n horseshoe, and
nailed it over tbo door, A week after, aa
he was entering iho house, lightning passed
through tho horseshoe and knocked him
The United States contain 300 Ulllveral-
is and colleges, with 4,240 professors,
and 00,400 students ; Germany bus'Jl universities, with 1,020 professors, and 26,-
084 students 'Groat Britain has 71 Universities and colleges, with 1,127 professors,
ami 54,23-1 studenls.
All the courting is done by the women iu
the Ukraine, Russia, Whon a woman discovers a man bIio would like to marry, stie
visits him at bis bouse, ami trios to charm
him.   If ho tines not like her.be leaves liare
.1 lives elsewhere, lill she dtlBOrtS hi,
Send Tlisni to Bed With a Kiss.
O mothers, *-o weary, digOQnragod,
V, oiii uui wilh the cares of (bo day,
Ynu often grow cross ami impatient,
Comploinof the nbleennd tbo pay;
For tho day brlnscsso many vexations,
So many thingB going nmias,
Hut tnOthors, whatever may VOX you.
Send tlm ohtlitron to boil with a kiss'.
The dear little feci wamlcr often,
Perhaps from the pnlhwii) of rfght:
Tho clour little hands Uml new mischief
To try vou from morning tillntgbt.
lint think nf llicik-olali' mothers
Who'd give all tiie world for your till*-,
.Ami, ns thanks for vour in Unite blefwli gj,
Send the children to bed with n kiss!
For Anne day thoir noise will no! vox you.
Tbo alienee will hurt you far moro,
You will longforlheswiM-l.cliildMi voices,
b'tvaswei*! iili'Mi-m face at (ho door.
And to (Ji-issa child's fiu-i* lo your bosom
VTou'd givo nil tiie world just fortbls ;
For iho comfort 'iwillhrin? in your sorrow,
Send the cbildron to bad witli a ki*s I
Florence A. Jones,
Origin oriliclMirosn of Hnr-1 *o Jl.ikc K-oii
Hllda Heel.''
Curiously enough lhat attlolo, now con
side-red almost indispensable, tho table napkin, was first used only by children aud waa
only adopted by older members of tho family
about the middle of the fifteenth century.
At lirst the tablecloth was long enough to
reach tbe floor and served the grown people
instead of napkins. When Ihey did begin
to uso napkins they placed thom lirst on
the shoulder, then un the left arm and Anally tied them about tho neck. A I'reneli
writer, who was evidently conservative and
did not welcome the iiuiikui kindly, records
with scorn: "The napkin is placed under
the chin and fastened In tho back, us if one
wcie going to be shaved. A person told mo
that he wore his that way that he might
not soil his beautiful trills.** It wus a dilll-
cult matter to tie tho two corners in the
back, and it is said that, thence originated
our expression for straitened circumstances
���"hard to mako both ends moot." Thia
custom led to the habit of the table waitera
carrying a napkin on tho left arm. Napkins
became popular in France sooner than in
England. At ono time it was cuBtnmary
at great French dinner.! to change the napkins at every course, to perfume them with
rose water and Iti have ihem folded a different way for each guest.
Why JTamett-
TrlvlalelroumatanotfsglvenamaB to children. A gallant IiUh soldier was the father
oftwogfrla, n-imcl respectively Jane and
Some one asked him why be had selected the 'latter name, and be replied :
" Well, aorr, yc sec our ohlyjl was born
In .lanuary, so wo nailed bur Jane ; and the
other was horn 111 February, so we just i all-
cd her r'aybio."
The Kin--, of IKi'imuiM Hut Crown Fond
or Topical simj-i ami Ulnae tunic*'.
An Ai'rican potentate who enjoys riddles
and tojdual BOIItfa i.s already far advanced in
tbo path of civilisation. The King o' Dahomey is reported lo keep half a du/en do
mostio "akpolos" or singers, whoso.hual*
neaa it is to lighten tho monarch's gloom by
ditties of an up-to-date character, and by u
dropping fire of conundrums, It will tints
be seen that ihc medloival institution of Iho
court jester  reappears at the   lat'creml ol
ihe nineteenth couiury luft palacoof die
Dark Continent , frwin which a sociologist
will, perhaps, infer that out' Kuropaatl ancestors  of tive centuries ago  weru  just as
barbarous as King llolmiu'lnaud lilntibjuoia
ire now. But ISuropo ncvor In iis palmicii
lays of ploturoaquo savagery produced ft
musical instrument comparable to ono which
linds a place iu the oroho*traof the swarthy
rub".' whom lien. Dodds recently defeated.
Il is called a '��� ilonrowa," and is described
us a kind of guitar mudo of coooaiiul** ami
snake skins.
Uow melody Isoduood fiom such an uu-
promising com: [nation of matci lata n seems
Bomowhnt difficult lo understand.   Nolso,
rather than concord nf swoot found*.-, is
probably tbo chief feature Iii a Daliomeyaii
concert and with that cud in view hollow
tree stumps arc convorlol Into big drums
and gourds are filled With stones to act as
rattle--, .lust at present it must bo rail or
difficult for tho siiig'urs and listers of Abomey to keep their monarch in good humor.
sing tbey never so cunningly uud much rare
is doubtless exercised to avoid any nllualoil
to tbe French hi tho topical songs submitted
to his Majesty. Mtulo, however, is the
earliest recorded cure for molanol o'la ami
and itmay baequallyoflloaoloiiB I'm enabling
the King of Dahomey to forgot ib Inu ol
iiis slaughtered Amu'oiiy.
The Elopement-
She (from the window)���la lhat yon
dear ?
He���Of course.
" Havo you the ticket!'!''
" Ycs."
" And tho license t"
" Yes."
" Oa, I am so seared* Ate you sin those
horses won't run away 3 And���and uro you
always aire you'll love me 1'
" Why, darling, I "
" 01), of course, you think so now, is n.y
hat on straight ?"
" Looks so from here."
" Have yon Bout our photos to iho ncv.s-
piper office 1"
" I have."
" Very well j Til bo out in a l. in itu,
Tlio J.'ifftruuc!-
Little Dot���I Wish 1 Waa a t'oy. Littio
Dick-Why': I.iit!e Dot���'Cause a g'rl
always fools so wicked w'on bIib doos any
thing wrong, uu1 a boy don't. Unya jitai
goes right along and bus a good llmo,���-
Homo Culture-
There arc many persons who profess to
look upon all new isms aud thcorka with
contempt, and who lose no opportunity to
ridicule and mako absurd any movem-mt
that leads towards tho cultivation of the
finer finalities of humanity ami the more
delicate phases of the menial and physical
being. Thoy condemn refined' ideas as
���* nonsensical," which is, to them, tho extreme of weakness and foolishness.
It cannot Le denied that there is room for
groat Improvement in the habits and man-
ucfa of the masses of the people, and that
nny thing tending in direction of education
or reforming them should be bailed with delight und onoouraged In every possible way.
Instead of this, there are burlesques, carl-
enures and a general cheapening of thoso
things which every Intelligent person should
regard as among the fundamental principles
of correct antl judicious living.
History and observation prove that nearly all radical reformers have been ut first
ridiculed, and new ideas almost always received with suspicion, if not with tho most
outspoken opposition. Tho fine old Aristocrats of tho '"'- iitvtyiitv of France had no
scorn too utter, no ridicule too superior,
when thc first mention of " liberty, enuality
and fraternity" was made In the opening
days of the French Revolution j atlll their
scorn and ridicule gave way beforo tho
mighty effort of a long-suffering populace,
over-iadlcal though that effort became.
When any such ridicule obstructs the advance of educational principles and strengthens tho bonds that bind us to ignorance and
kwardness, it is time that the more advanced clement of society stepped in to interfere und to bring to bear every influence
that will further tbe work of elevating and
eliniug tbo world. If objection to a better
talc of things affected only the mature
portion of society, thero would be less reason for rogrot; but when it delays the development and retanls tho progress of the
younger members of th:! community, it is
almost in the nature of a calamity.
There aie families all over our land in
which the boys and girls keep along in all
Sorts of careless habits ami ill-bred practices
simply because they not only have no oil-
conragemont from their elders to do better
but would certainly be trade tho subjects of
ridicule if thoy attempted to change their
ways. If tho boy takes pains to brush his
hair, keep Ills hands and linger nails clean,
Ills bouts polished and his clothes free from
lust, someone rays "dandy dude" or
" swoll " and bints about " the best girl,"
or siieoriugly whispers " ma's baby " or
" pretty boy," then gooa off Into paroxysms
of laughter. No sensitive boy will willingly subject himself to such annoyances as
these, and there is litllo wonder that, after
a fewsueh experiments, he grows careless
id indifferent, and at lust loses all regard
for bis personal appearance and grows up
that most dlsagrceaoln of all creatures, a
slovenly, untidy man, one who ia tolerated
from necessity, but not welcomed with on-
We have In mind Iho case of a boy of
eighteen living just outside ofa city, who
pOBBOEBod a mind naturally turning to the
external refinements. Ibis lad's Bciu-itiy,;
nature was distressed by unnecessary humiliations imposed on him by a father
whose bosom was lilted wilh au apprehension that his bo:i might " splurge." To
avert this possibility, the parent, though
wealthy in this world's goods, would bunt
for excuses lo send hla boy to town in n
rickety cart, though he owned a neat
buggy which would havo usually served the
purpose as Widl as the cart.
It is tho duty of every parent to aoo to it
that Iho boy is equally educated in culture
and good manners with tho girl, and that in
uo case Bhould there bo the leist discouragement of Improvement permitted, but on the
contrary,   every indication uf attention to
personal appearancea und the cultivation of
u reflncd and polished demeanor should Ir
encouraged in the warmest terms.
if, as is sometimes tho ciso, the parents
are Ignorant of or indifferent to the nicer
ahadas ol propriety, thero is even more
need for upholding the boy iu his desire to
rise above hla surroundings* nnd if he gets
Ida Inaplrat'on outside of the family, surely
his parents should be the last to reprovu or
make sp.nl of him. It is vciy well for
thom to say lhat what is good enough for
fai her ih good enough for son, but this statement will not bear analysis. What is
(���nod DllOllgll for (ho pait decade is not good
enough for iho present. Let no parent
ni.iliit tbo inlstako of trying lo harness bis
��nii lo tho mages nntl traditions ol (he past.
The bomla avail nothing before the prosoiuo
of niuotei-nlh-eeiitury progress,
Untruth-iil Children-
inmo ouo asked Miss llarriBon-thoiupor-
undent of   tlm Kindergarten   College in
Chicago, what she would do with a child
who told lies,
Misa llarrlaon dooa nothollevo In corporal
punlahmotfl for any offence.
She laidi "It would depend entirely
upon the sort of a lie it was. Her advice in
ittbstanoo waa liko tliit i
Lying Is loo often treated locally, when
it Bhnuftl be CQMtliuiIoMlly trMtoJ Thuro
are almoBt a i many dlllerout sorts of lieu us
thoro aro different sort-, of fevers.
For example, oxa^gcrallon which cornea
from excess o' Imagination. That is to hi\
cured by teaching ooouraoy of olisorvall in.
M,',k*i the child count all Ine objects in tbe
io..in. Mako bin, hold steadily to proven
fuels iii everything,
Then there la tho lie of egotism, which is
always claiming everything for itself. Ig-
noro t.ho story, Make It seem not worth
bis while
The lie which denies ii thfi fault of other
people, I'liui-dimi-iit has been given arbitrarily. Thai. Is to 1)0 oorroatftd IH the guardian.
Tne hardest fault to coirect in a child, nr
any one else is the deep Me of jealousy, tho
in ilicio'is li-*, It always comes from jeal-
i my nnd I hero seems lobouuly one possible
remedy, Uoi the jealous child to do some
s pvloo for thoolliei. Make him participate
in tin othoi's life, in somo way hei;>ine a
pirtiKu, aa it were, and tbe jealousy ceases
r Miss Corson's rule is: Uso ihe lean
trimmings of fresh pork and from one-half
to one-quarter of their weight iu clear firm
fat cut from the back or from some part of
the carcass near the skin. Therefore to 18
pounds of lean pork add throe of clear fat;
chop or grind tbe meat until very lino, removing all lough portions. Season with
one cup each of salt and powdered sweet
horbs (oMefly SSgo) two even teaspoonfuls
of cayenne and four of black pepper. After
llie meat is thoroughly chopped ami seasoi-
ed try a little piece by frying to see if the
seasoning is right. Sausage meat can be
salted in baga und smoked like hams.
Ihe favorite rule of tin* ���' Interests" will
bear repeating this yoar for the benefit of
those who aie new subscribers for it is warranted. To.'!') pounds of ment tako 10
ounces of salt, three ounces of sage und one
ami one half ounces of pepper, two level
tiiblcspoonfiils of allspice ami one cup of
sugar. The meat should he cut in small pieces
and the seasoning sprinkled over it and
woll workod through it before it goes into
tho meat grinder. Tho meat should never
bo allowed lo freeze beforo it is used iu
snusago making. It pays to cut into small
pieces antl mix thoroughly with tiie seasoning and above all to bo exact in tbo measuring of the meat, aud the seasoning ; then
thore will be no need of cooking and tasting
it to see if it is just tight.
The sige should ho homo grown, dried in
tho shade, then rubbed out and sifted and
kept tightly corked iu bottles. Most housekeepers now put their snusago meat up
in bags. Take a strip of strong cotton cloth
and measure around the top of a tea -up
then tear tbe cloth of tho same width. Sew
up on the machine, dip in strong brine and
dry bofore filling. Tie up ono end of tho
bag and then fill with meat crowding it in
ns hard us possible ; tie the remaining end
and put in u cool dry place. When the
meat is used open one end rip tho ������������;��� in a
little way nnd turn back. Cut the slices a
little more than an inch thick for frying.
Another simple rule for n small tpiatltity
of meat that will be used in a short timo
is: Two pounds and a half of pork,
three-quarters lean and ono quarter fat,
Mince this meat ns line as possible with a
machine j It should be ground almost lo a
paste. Add a heaping tablespoouful of
salt, n tablespoouful of black pepper, a
tablespoouful of powdered sage, nnd a
scant teaspoonful of summer savory. Mix
all the ingredients tlnougb the meat with
the hands turning it again until evenly seasoned,    Doll thc sausago meat into balls.
Hti.MK-MADB DniEii Bkef,���Select a nice
round of beef���better from a young animal
���divide it into two pieces, following the
itural lino of division vory carefully, so as
not to mako auy cuts cr gashes for tho fly
to burrow in. Then for fifty pounds of the
meat make a mixture of two pounds of fine
salt, one ounce of powdered saltpetre, and
onc nnd a half pounds of brown sugar. Rub
ibis mixture well into Ihc meat every morning until used up, uod at thc cud of two
weeks hang up in a smoke houso to smoke
slightly or just enough to bo tasted. Excess of smoke is not generally relished. It
may bo loft banging in any dry place away
from flics. If it moulds a little on the out-
lido that will not hurt.
i.'uiunu Hams.���This is said to be tho
way in which the famous Westphalia hams
aro cured : Thoy arc first rubbed with dry
salt and left to drain for twenty-four hours.
Tour quarts of salt, three pounds of brown
sugar, one pound of Baltpctro, four ounces
of sal prunella, and four ounces ol juniper
ries are bruised ami well mixed together
and boiled iu six quarts of water. The
brine it* then coolodand skimmed. Thc bams
ire taken from tho suit anil wiped dry, and
the coltl pickle is poured over thom and well
rubbed into the meat, Thoy uro then
smoked a little every d iy for threo months
until completely dry, when ihey will keep
sound and improve in flavor for years.
Hams shrink in smoking about 10 percent.
in weight while pickled or Baited pork gains
about 10 percent.
Our Minister-
The minister said, said ho,
Don't in* afraid of giving;
if yonr life ain't no use to somebody oUc,
There's Brown, tbo inisorabto sinner,
Hi'*, i 'onner n becgor would starve than give
A cent toward bujitt' a tlinuer.
1 tell you our minister's priim��. ho **
Uui ii'imiiin't quita determine,
Whi'o 1 hoard libu tvglvln' it right anil left,
.lu-l who WOB liil hy the sermon.
Of course there could be no mistake
When be talked of long-winded pray in',
E or I'eters and Johnson eat and scowled
At every wont he wns sayln'.
And the minister ho went on to say:
"There's various kindsof oheatin',
And religion's as good for over** day
At 'i.is to bring lo incelin".
l don't think muohofamanthatglvea
The Lord aniens at my iiroachin1
And -iii'iiushis line- tin* followm'week
in eueatin' aiKlovmreachin',"
I guess that dose was bitter enough
l-'ora man liko Jones io BWP.Uor,
But I noticed he didn't ouon nis mouth
Not onoo after thai toiioi'or.
Hurrah) says I. for tbo minister���
Of course 1 said it utile.  ���
Give usBomo more ot this open talk]
it's very refreshing dlot
The minister hit it overy Unw,
Ami wnon ho spoke of fashion,
Anda*L'lgghVoul in bows nnd thing*,
As woman's ruling pOBSlOU,
And -i e.i-nl.i', ii eliuwn, to sec llie BtyltM,
[couldn't liolpn-wlnkln'
Anda*nua'Rln' my wife, ami Bays i, "Thai's
i guess ih it BOt her tbiliklli'.
Says I lo myself, " That Bormon'a pat."
Hut man Is a i|iieor creation,
Ami I'm muoh afraid that most o' the folks
Won't lake r 1 ��� - npiillcullon,
Now if he bad -uul a word about
My personal mode o' -innin'
I'd have gone to work to right myself,
Ami not BOt there a j-rinnlu'.
Just then Iho mini-1 it lays: says he,
"Ami now I've- eomo to I hit fellers
Who've lost |l,i -.lin'i ft- byusii*' Mieir friends
As-tori o' moral umbrollns,
Go home." ray.- In*, ami llml your faults,
Instead o* liiiiilin' your hroltier's ;
Go home," he -ays "nnd woar tho cents
You've tried (o lit lor oihors."
My wifo she nudged, and Brown be winked,
And there'was lots O'smilln',
And lots o' lookin' nt our |iew;
it Bet my blood to bllln'.
Hays 1 io myself, our minNi-jr
U gilt in' a littio bitter:
I'll tc   hint when meeiin's out that I
Ain't at all that kind of a critter
Safely Garnered-
"Was sho your only childr asked t.
"My only one." the answer brief I
And jet ho spoke wiihoti, a sigh.
Without n touch of grief���
Ho said tho words with unlet hiihIo.
I paused, and wondered fora while.
I marveled at ihnt quiet tone,
In which no sh-'ifti of sorrow lay ;
And thought of darlings of my own,
(if laughing faces gay.
And yet not one anion'---! all there,
Not one, I fat, that I could spare.
" Vou need not gi-lovO for me," said ho:
" Your litllo onus iho not moro blessed;
This iliii'liii'Tl'ilii, so dear to inu,
Has entered hilo real.
Amid ihe joys lhnt never fade.
She dwells for ayo, my little maid,
I paw him raise his oyea aiul hand
Unto the iiuiotHum ncrskioi���
i:ii to the sinless, heller land,
To where his treasure Ilea,
Wherewith uullrin-,'. little Tent,
She treads the City's wondrous atl'COt.
"Vour lit He ones." he si ill wont on.
May live to f.iel life's toil and cure;
Bui whoromy Utile child has gone,
a bring!
in thedoop calm of Paratlfs
"Titocoming years will cha
Vour little ones will older
Hut she is still thu little thing
I loved wo long tWO,
orevci', in the higher place,
yiie'll bear I he dear and chan^less face."
Ton true ! Down here the years roll on.
And lionrls i,'i*inv hardened and tiellled.
She beared yiu-bis Utile ono���
Thfl pure heart of a child,
No deeds that he need wish undone;
A vory blameless littio one
Curing Mcn'.3-
The fanner need nat refuse tn eat aa*;:
ngoa bccini-o ho dues mil know what is in
thorn, nm- like thu old goiitlom-in decline to
cat ihcin bicutise' ho "made his money out
of lb"iu," 'I ho hcmie-made sauaage if made
after a good rulo is a most excellent dish for
a r. dd tla/ and for thoso who havo good
digestion, It:;!!'. rs moro ottuu from com
bbm'lotl with other fond of too much iho
s ii..* kind t bun be "ansa it ia in itself ox tromo-
iy indigestible. It la not hygienic wiatlom
to cftl liotoakoi or mince pie with friotl
���auaiige, but with food that Is unlike iteotf
Itluia n placo in cold weather foods. In
p ttpuring the meat ii h best to uso one
third v i. two thirds lean moat, A cor-
lain '.nl-,- gives as a hitfc rule iu Uasoniug
r-aiui-ge muat,   onoevon Iftbtospeoufid ��t
ml:,  0110  lea pt'iijiful of sugc, and  ascml
half lo .upm-nH ol white peppir to each
pound of men'.
Ten tod ftt'ceipt".
Mot'i.ni'ii Snow.��� Scald  threo cups of
milk and mix ouo half   cup of  cornstarch
without:   cup of mill;,   using ono   r-tiart of
milk in all. Stir tbe diluted cornstarch
into the hot milk adding also two table-
spoonfuls of sugar. (look fifteen nrnutes
then add the widte nf three eggs beaten still'
and pour into a mould.    Chill and serve.
In using con is tare ii there is always a
danger of cooking it loo short a time limn
leaving it Indigestible and with a raw taste.
Cornstarch i3 not cooked whon it is swollen
as loo many oooka aro apt to think for starch
lo bo dlgellable ought to be subjected to
beat about'2D mint!tea.
This pudding is prettily moulded lu a
large melon mould.
CnoCUhATK SAUCE,���This is to bo served
with tho moulded snow and is an effective
contrast- It nny bo served cold. Mix one
ronudlug tablespoonful of ���torustaroh with
one-quarter cup of milk and stir iu one and
three quarters cups of .'.cabled milk. Molt
Iwo squares of chocolate, and four table-
spoonfuls of powdered sugar and two ot hot
water, cook until smooth then add to tho
first mixture, i
Heat the whites of two og^s stiff, add
gradually two-thirds cup of powdered sugar,
then tho unbeaten yolks of the two oggs.
Stir into the cooked mixture, cook onc
mliiuto stirring constantly. Add one tea-
spoonful of vanilla.
When using powdered sugar always sift
it before measuring or you will have too
largo a quantity. Melt the chocolate in a
llttlesaucepan sotovcrbolliug water. Add
flavoring io mixtures after they have pool-Id
but if it must bu added ton hot mixture
you must use more.
TAl'IOOA Nur CiIBAM.���Soak one-half
pound of pearl tap hi'--*, ovor night iu one and
one-half cups ol cold water and cook In a
double boiler until transparent then add
one-half cup of sugar, and tho juice ami
grilled I hid of a lemon; turn into small
mo'ilda, Chill and turn to a glass dish garnish-id with apricots nnd whipped cream,
aweetennd and flavored with chopped walnuts and vanilla.
Jfnsi'Vcoun I'rnntNii.���Beat togothfl
one-half cup of sugar and a cup each of
mo lasses and Hour. Heat one-half cup of
milk and uuu-ltair ���)���������( .'uH-uUar, add u toa-
spoonful ol Bniln.   Combine thomlxtiti-o and
beat again, Pour Into a buttered pudding
mould and steam three hours or turn Into a
dish and bake one and ono-halfhonra,   This
pudding Ib more successfully steamed than
baked as it requites a very slow oven '"
orticr to bu just right.
Ckkamkuy SAi't:i'.--Ileal one quarter cup
of buttor, add slowly one-half can of pow
derod sugar. Then add two tableapooitfnh
each of wine, ami cream or milk very slowly
just before serving, stir over hot water
until smooth.
Al.Mosn CllSTAnnJ.���Make a boiled custard with ono pint of milk, tho yolks of four
eggs, four tablospoonfulB of sugar and one
aattepoonful of salt, Whon cold add onc-
hnlfonp of fiuoly-ohoribed almonds and one
teaspoonful of vanilla. Porvo In glasses
with whipped cream sprinkled wilh finely-
Bliro bled almonds.
I-i making a boiled custard tbe yolks give
a smoother oomdatotiay thau the white.
Boat thu eggs with a spoon until smooth
and the unvarying rulo iu tballov-a table-
spoonful of sugar to eaoh egg.
To blanch almonds pour boiling water
over and lot lliein stand ten minutes ; drain
cover wltli coll water and then remove iho
pkins. To shred almonds cub Ihem in lino
[pngthwjso strips with a sharp knife.
I tool; the picture oil again I
Too fair, too lair, I'i-hc childish CJ'03,
Todini-imlsomiw wilh thenatil
That in ihi-old world lie-'.
Too free from sin���too free from tears,
To shade--v with tho toil of yearn.
"Wo strive ami ar*"UQ here below
Of mysu*i*ifslicyoiidou,-].on;
But she my little maid, doth know
Tho things thfttnuzato men.
Tol his jounc; child, iiioy have been clenr
For many ami for many a year."
O child, whose fcei have iouo'iod that strand
Beyond the rtvo *s reBtlots lido,
S n'iik to us of tieK'.i ici'ii'.iu'..
To HkIiI. life's evenitt'c!
To guide ns whc.c thy feel, have trod,
Uti to the unknown home of God.
���luulieh' Home Journal.
Tbe '.'rem b still fight an avorago of four
thousand i.uul.f n year.
Tharoaronow 7,000 loan associations in
tlm United States with a membership of
P,O00,OO0 persons.
The la est Gngllsh idea In Inuring tho
Uvea of customers is embodied in an "in"
Buranco " corset. With each corset sold is
preset-tod n coupon, insuring according to
the valno of the artlolo, tli* purchaser for
f'j.'i, t'.'in, or C100, ngalnst death by acel-
Lako Ontario.
Heen roll thy waves. Ontario,
���  VV hi to-created, angry, wild.
Thevdi'sh upon thy pidih'-'d shore,
Dullaneo hi their stillon roar i
Old ocean's l.-mllockcil child.
Low hang tho Btorm-o'oiidfl o'er thy base],
HJn.-l-curlulii-.of the -ky,
Till rent wilh llshtnlnff's Vivid fia��h,
Tne winds, lotlooBo.)nn watd-slash
And io*5stbowhiM-��|-*v.y high,
Amid the Bll'lfo of wind and wave
The rain conlOB rushing down.
And inltls i! - cua-e'es-. hi-i*'iii; sound
To iw-dl Iho tumult nil around,
A ml v.-caher writings ti 'own.
Ontario I
LtkoBomorobolllou-i nob It thou,
Willi lthcoiiicnl em oroiii;d
Within LhV lioart, orl-i the source
Of nil this fury wild remorse.
For sin tO'bo atoned (
Ontario I
For.-! neath thy waves, Ontario,
TlivVtVliii'-. fuim ������r,)i*:--il idilews (low,
Abovo deep myfllorloi hid below,
And yet id he confoascd.
Ontario I
Now calm thy wiive**, Ontario,
No storm-wimls round ihee rave;
11 inm l hv sii'.ilil. n.'.ure bruant
The wild bird, weary,stopa io rest
And dip it*, pinion In thy wave.
Across thy boaom whtto*natls speed,
Fairmoasongoraof trade:
\ml o:i the hi*.���i'i,.i! Hi'' -nil ir's sons
(-linn.- ,.,.,r--ll--. y. .,1,<���������-!,���   ���ilf-llir.
To cheer the tilvlh,- milkmaid.
A "ail. a skill', a c'.timl of Btnoko
That marks a 'tanner's way.
A iiimiH'i-r.ifi with hardy crew
That bravely, snrely -door It through
l sec Ihfc-t Binnmor day.
Ontario I
In daj'B long pant, Ontario,
The .Mohawk's hire c.uioc,
cd wilh tomahawk ami knife,
the-h tied IroqUOts life,
...v-ii'il thy waters blue.
Now poaco and plenty Mess thy atlOro,
\nii -lately homoa appear
WliendiM'ty wiirwnm *-hcl!t*rs strove
Tohide wiMiinllin fnrosl grOVO,
Where ro'iiucil tho antloroddoer.
The moon a silvery pathway llghtn
Across thy darkening wasto,
Tin; cedar iii'i*iuiiirai*ri'i*/.es Idow.
TlielaU'4hinirslrcain!e'-i|-aily flow
To llico, to thoo in ha-ui*.
Thodalnly Unlabf breaking day
l''ir-i. ti-i-'i! tliy eold, grey wave;
The gorgooua a it tins Minutcvo
Its glowing colors Btoopa to leave
l.'p'ii ibytbi-.liiii'* wave.
Oohangotul lake, thou art over fair
In storm. In calm.tit eve;
Bill oh!    I ihlnk I love Ihee best
When Hlorm-wtmla roar abovo thy breiut.
Thy wild waves -uigo and heave.
The veil of ni<ht. Is I lllckonlng t lit;
I strive tlio ploree tl)0 gloom
That hnnga upon tlieojovol*/lake,
A parting look of thcototako,
ic. Doxonss O'Bbieit.
Parti o alar-
Hicks���" Is that your dog?   1 uppn
j on consider him Al 1"    Wii-hc���" Oh,
he is K'J.''
Engineerin-? Venturas Which Were Oom
pleted Under Difficulties.
EU'Kllls   Alt (M1I'M-*H  GttlUT   Ullltk.
A writer in an English paper gives brief
notes on a few of the greater engineering
works which have been Quite recently completed, or which arc actually in progress,
with every prospect of their being successfully completed iu due course.
To begin at home, the great tower,
which owes it3 origin to ihe energies of
Sir li. \V. Watkin, M. 1'., deserves first
place, as a worthy rival to the great Eiffel
tower, the engineering boast of France,
Thia tower, which ia being erected at
Wembly park, where a special station lias
been already opened, fourteen minutes
from Baker street station, is being actively
pushed forward. The foundation work has
been completed, and tbe laying out of tho
([rounds is bo far advanced that it is expected the park, which covers ISO acres, will be
opoucd in tho spring. Tin- foundations aro
composed of huge concrete blocks, which
ary iu depth from twenty-eight feet to
sixty fact, according to the level of the
The tower itself will measuro itiiO feet
ii circumference at the ban, and I l"l) feet
ii height, or loll feet higher than iho Kiiiid,
while it will bo larger than its proto'ype in
every way. Tho material destined for its
erection is polished steel. The -summit will
lie 1450 feet above sea level. The lower it-
-'Il is expcctotl lo lake eighteen mouths to
Tho tower bridge is another great London
engineering venture which is rapidly approaching completion, although the final
date of opening for traffic has had to ho
shifted forward several times. This bridge,
which is bull on tho "bascule" principle,
presents a novel feature iu the centre span,
which ia UOD feel wide and cut tu halves,
which are tu lu raisetl and brought, lluab
with the towers by machinery concealed
within ihem.
Whon opened for passage of vessels, foot
passengers may cross by a lofty footpath, to
which access is obtained by Btalrcasos and
lifts within the towers. These immense
piers in the bed of the river aro said lo bu
the largest in the world.
The total length of bridge nnd apptoaebes
2,040 feet. About 31,000,000brinks, H>��-
i)l)0 tons of cement, 70,500 cubic yards of
concrete and 15,00(1 tons of iron and steel
will be utilized in the structure,
When the great Siberian railway chain*���
at present doing constructed��� ia finished,
Russia can boast of possessing the greatest
railway in Iho world. This tremendous
system will stretch right across thc im-
mense territory of Siberia, no less than
4,786 miles, or twice the length of the
Canadian Pacific railway ; and thelotalcost,
inclusivo of rolling atock, etc., ia given ab
��38,705,000 or ��7,680 per mile.
Thia very lowcoBt is duo to tho favorable
nature of thc ground for engineering operations, and the ubsencu of huge parliamentary expenses and compulsory purchase of
Uud, which have in our country made railways so costly.    The first sod   of  the huge
undertaking was cut by tho Czar at Vladi-
ostook, May -'4, 1801.
On the easiorn section as many as 12,000
men are employed, and part of the line has
been already opened for traffic.
On the opposite side of liie globe 'he
Trana-Andiiio railway in South America
deserves mention, owing to the tremendous
engineer im..* problems lo be solved 111 crossing the mountain chain forming the backbone of thc continent.
Of this railway; begun 20 years ago, and
reaching from llnenos Ayres, on the Atlantic to Valparaiso ou iho Pacific���-a stretch
of 870 miles���only tbe completing Bootlon
iu tbe heart of tho Andes is unfinished. Tbe
Amies are oroasod by thoCumbrB Pass, 13,
(11.1 feci abovo sea level.
Of this altitude 2,000 feet are cut off by a
ilu- is mile tunnel, aud altogether among
the mountains there are five tunnels, '.vitb a
total length of over ten mll#S, white in tbo
mountain section thelocomotlves,for05milt)a
have toothed wheels, to work on the rack
system when necessary to surmount the
heavier gradients.
Il may well be imagined that driving a
tunnel in the heights of tbe Andcc is quite
HlFerent matter from u a umo work
performed at ordinary levels in settled
cou Ulrica.
The workmen, even though accustomed
to living at great elevations- have to bo acclimatized lo the rarltied air, and this difficulty la forcibly exemplified in the caae of
the loftiest railway tunnel in the world,
that being bored through the Peruvian
Andes near Galorla. This is the highest
village in thev orld, 15,035 feet above the
sen, or only 10(1 feet lower than tbe summit
of Mont Ul,in.'.
Near this village a tunnel, 2,847foetlotlg,
Is being bared through tho summit of tho
mountain, 000 feet above the line o! perpetual snow. This certainly may tako
rank as one ofthe most extraordinary of
railway engineering enterprises,
Tho Alps have been tunnelled through so
frequently that the proposal to bore then
once more, this time below the famed Simp*
Ion puss, causes no surprise, though ibis
tunnel will lie thc longest of the lot���12^
miles In all, about three miles longer than
thc St Gotdard tunnel.
This tunnel, which is estimated to cost
100,000,000 francs, will present a novel feature, being single with double railway
truck in its northern half, while the southern half will consist ol two parallel tunnels,
each with a single track, this arrangement
being adopted wilh a view to Improving tho
There is, however, another proposal to
cross the Himplon pass 10,600 feel high! by
a railway,   the steepest   BOOtlon   of   which
would bo bullion tbo cog-wheel system, with
a tunnel live miles long. CO&Ung in all 30,-
1)00,0110 francs,
The highest mountain railway in Europe
is the Hiion/.cr Kotbliombabn railway,which
was opened in November, is'.ll ami ascends
to a height of 5,000 feet ul the summit level.
The journey Is perfoimod In U bonis, and
the steepest gradient is one in four.
It is purely a rack und pinion lino
throughout, and in further romarkablo for
tho short timo in which it. WOS. constructed
having been begun In October, (80 '.    Thiii
iii little over ayoar this was finished, though
tho work neeci-silalcd the boring of 10 tunnels, llio bridging of several streamlets,
ami the building of heavy stone dams.
Another remarkable mountain railway is
that up Tike's Peak In Colorado, which .was
ononoa in tho summer of isitl. This line,
nine miles long, climbs to a height of 14,147
feet above the sea level, with a maximum
gradient of one in four. This is also a rack
rail lino ; there also difficulty was experienced iu the higher portions from the rarity of
the air.
There is a mountain railway iu the Cats**
kill mountains, New York sum, 7,000 feet
long, which in worked by onbla driven by a
drum at the Summit, whero tho a'.eam
engines arc placed.
Thi; works iu progrc-s for the utilization
ol liie immense power continually running
to waste at Niagara are rapidly approaching completion, and these have been described as but the beginning of perhaps tho
most stupendous engineering feat ever
im.lcri ahen. The great tunnel has just
been finished.
This, which is 0700 feet long, 28 feel high
and IS feet wide, runs from tbo bottom of a
great shaft 140 leot deep, to which tho
water is brought from above the falls by a
large canal, ami running parotic! with the
river empties itself below the oliiTs under
tllO Suspension bridge, after having set In
motion the ������cries of groal turbines which
aro in tended to work the dynamos to trans-
mil power electrically to any desired point.
Only 130,000 horso power of tho 17,000,-
000 which it is calculated the falls can
supply will bo absorbed by tho Cataract
Construction Compahy'a werka. li Is intended to Hell powor at tlm rate of 620 per
horse power per annum up to 3,000 horse*
power- for powers beyond the charge will
uoijlO per horse-powor. THE WEEKLY NEWS MAR, 22,1893.
Published   By M.Whitney &
Son.   Every Wednesday.
Courtenay, B. 0-
On* Year      1200
Six Months .,,    1 lift
Single fop?   OM
One inch per your, $1200
..    ..   month        1.10
eighth col. perycar ...     2A0O
fourth        5000
week, per lino             "*    0010
I.wjiI noticvH, pur line           30
Notices of Births, Marriages and
Deaths.  50 cents each insertion.
No Adverttsment inserted for less thnn
50 cents.
Wednesday, Mar.22,1893
The    Long   Bridge.
Thf* gf-nrral opinion in this community is that the long bridge between
here nnd Comox is unsafe for travel.
We often hear people remark that they
feel a sense of relief when they have
gotten safely over it, Only last Wed
nesday as MoArdle'a stHgo went down
to the May to meet the steamer, in
passing over the bridg*-, a plank broke
through under thn heels of one of the
horses, which barely escaped hy plunging forward as it felt the foundation
We have taken some trouble to procure the. opinion of those who are ac
customed to use the bridge as to iu
safety, and thus far have failed to find
a Hingle person who considered it safe.
Among these are numbered bridge
builder*- and mechanics.
The question naturally arises What
is to bfl done? Until the bridge in
closed people will use it notwithstanding its supposed dangerous character
We have no outlet but at the Riy.
There is of course a round about way
by going west to Duncan Bros, then
up the hill past the English Church,
ami then to the Bay by the narrow
illy conditioned road along the hillside
This is so inconvenient, out of thn way
and bad for travelling, that the suspension of travel by tho usual road.on
which the Government, lias spent a
great deal of money, is equivalent to
cutting the district into two parts, and
leaving this portion tjf it bottled up
while tht; Ray is cut off, to the same
extent from the country from which
it draws n fair share of its support,
and also from the Mines, except by a
round about steamboat and railroad
Rut all this is as nothing to the risk
of life and limb. Whether this risk
really exists, or is largely a peril of the
imagination must be determined. The
bridge is old and rotten, and the public while they us" it, expect everyday
to hear that it has gone down like the
deacon's one horse shay. Such a catastrophe should not be allowed to hap
pen; but it is liable (0 happen unless
sonieprnclical steps are taken to test
the safety of the bridge. As the speediest and most satisfactory way to do
this we suggest that a public meeting
be called for thn purpose of selecting a
committee of three or five competent
persons to examine the bridge and report to an adjourned meeting. If such
report be to the effect that the bridge
is safe then we can travel over it with
a feeling of safety, and that will be a
consummation worth all the trouble it
will cost. If on the other hand it
shall be found as people generally be-
lieve, to be unsafe for travel, then ihat
fact should be known and the bridge
closed, no matter what the inconvenience, trouble and loss sueh action may
entail. Ttie duty of action is imperative ,
Editorial Notes.
The full particulars of the estimates
(���how that the amount for bridges,
roads etc for Comox District is $10,
000, to which is to be added $2ooo
embraced in the supplementary esti-
mates,$1000 of which is for Graham Island. This gives for roads, bridges,
wharves, etc for the District,excepting
Graham Jsland,$l 1,000. It is difficult
10 understand the supplementary esti
mates. For instance, under the head
of "Roads, Streets, Bridges, and
Wharves" is this clause:" Comox Dis.
trid, including $1000 for Graham Island (additional to $15,ooo votfl'l) $2
000." When and where has $15,ooo
heen voted for such purposes?
For schools in the   District there ii
Police and gaoln, $2,760,
In aid ofa resident physician,  $300
death ofihe Hon. D.W.Gordon. The
requisition -ojoi-rpl- Hunter, M.P.P,
is being numerous1'-' signed from one
end of the island jo th** qfjuf. He ia a
strung man, but t*h--ie'a another Richmond in the ti-*ld in the pen-on of Mayor Hattain of Nanaimo* and the Fne
Press says that throughout Vancouver
Island District a requisition is being
circulated in his behalf It was thought
tha> Hitfcl.im would not tun provided
Hunter Wis in the field, hut It begins
to look as th >ugh,like lUrkU he is willing. He has made no reply, however,
to the commute-- which desired him an
ft condition of the votes of those they re
presented, to subscribe to a platform
with a plank favoring reciprocity and
-uriher restricting Chinese labor, though
perhaps it is not to Im; interred that he
is oppose^ to such a platform.
The second reading of the Irish home
rule bill has been postponed until after
Easter. The effort of the Conservatives
to delay coming to a vote shows the-r
weakliest. The Iri*-h party appears as
a unit in support of Gladstone'smeas.
ure and if the Grand O-d Man main
tains his health it is likely that his pet
project will   succeed.
Home rule will yet become universal
It must not be supposed thnt because
Daltoit McCarthy's resolution was
voted down in the Commons that there
is no trend iu the direction of 'arill' reform, The arraignment of the present
policy was uuneoessarly Beveie. There
is no use of calling names, The tariff
reform is bound to be fought out
within the Conservative rank*. It
wilt take time but a, change is surely taking pi ice in public sentiment
on 'both sides of the bnrder,aud legislation is bound to follow in harmony
with the ptopli-'s  views.
Nuisance of the Bore.
From Pea and Scissora.
The roan who is not a bore, if he hits
on an uncongenial subject, very quickly
leaves it, savs the Spectator. The bore
keeps on obvious of the mental opposition which he is encountering. Tlm bore
has no notion of what is the least resistance. He does not pick the smoothest
path he can find, but starts with the utmost unconcern down the road of max.
imum fric ion. The man who is not
a bore sees in an instant that the story
of how the village pump was painted
contrary to the orders of the vicar's
church warden is not interesting to his
audience and immediately changes the
subject. Not so the bore. He knows,
or thinks he knows, what is a really
good S'ory, and, therefore, oblivious
of the fur-away look that has come into the eyes of Mis* Jones and Mr.
Smith, he makes them drink the a nee
dote to the dregs Unaware that he is
not sailing down a pleasant stream of
talk, he does not spaie the smallest
detail and recounts verbatim what the
clerk said to the pew opener or to the
grocer's assistant,who sings alto in the
choir. It is this fact, that lack of sympathy and of ability to enter into other
people's feelings constitute the bore,
lhat makes it possibl" for some men to
be both bores and not botes.
Carlyle took a friend,a much younger
man, out walking, and in his u-ual
way, indulged in amonologue, in which
nevertheless, his companion was much
interested. Once or twice, however,
the friend ventured to put in a word
or two of objection in regard to some-,
thing said by Carlyle. This annoyed
Carlyle intensely.and when they reached home he turned upon his companion and addressed to him the following
warning: "Young man, I'd have ye
to know that ye've the capacity for bn
ing the greatest bore in Europe." The
poor man had hardly spoken a dozen
words, but since these had heen critical
they had made him -seem to Carlyle a
potential bore of colossal proportions.
Many men in this way get unjustlv
called bores. They venture to doubt
some statement made in conversation
and are at once branded with the most
terrifing of name*-. These unfortunate
persons are, in truth, not bores at all,
but merely tho innocent detectors of
the latent capacity of boring in others.
Carlyle showed by his speech,what wai
indeed the fact, that he, not his friend,
possessed the potentiality of boring.
It is true that his great imagination
generally saved him, but he often went
perilously near the line. Had he not
heen the man of genius he was,ht would
assuredly have been the greatest bore
in Europe.
The political pot is boiling in quite
a lively manner, notwithstanding the
fact that there is no avowed candidate
(.nr the  position made vacant by the
Few grandmothers are more devoted
to their grandchildren than is Queen
Victoria. Tho respective merits of her
small decendants constitute a favorite
theme of Her Majesty's conversation.
The uncomplaining way in which she
permits herself to daily become their
victim,and the romps which she encourf
ages demonstrate how little her affection has cooled with yeajs. In their
company she is seldom anything but
good tempered, and it �� a significant
fact that the only positively imilingpor
traits of the Queen are those which represent her in the company of one or
more of her grandchildren.
All Kinds of Teaming   Done.
Horses and   Rigs   fcr Hire at
All   Times
Saw Mill
All kinds of Rough and
Dressed Lumber always on
hand and delivered at short
Also all kinds of Moulding,
Lath, Sawn and Split Shingles, and dressed Pine and Cedar always on hand.
Orders  promptly executed.
The Giant
Which we possess will do
your stumping speedily, neatly, and at reasonable rates.
Norman   McLeod
The justly celebrated
Clydesdale, will travel
through the District this
R. Grant & L. Mounce, ��
Props. Union, B. C 0
For  Sale
At Cairns' Octagond Farm Hnttsp,
Sweet cun-il Hucon, Ham-, E��gs,
Poultry, Pola'oes, Parsnips, Onions
Carrots. Cablinge, and
Pries reasonable, delivered or otherwise.
 Tlios. Cairns.
Nanaimo   Saw  Mill
��� and ���
Sash and Door Factory
A Ill-Blum. Prop. Mill St., HO Uox 35, Tol, 1-9
Nanaimo 11. C.
A complete stock of Rough nnd Dressed
Lumber always on hand; also Shingles,
Laths, Pickets, Doors, Windows and
Ulinds, Moulding,"Scroll sawing, Turning*
and all kinds of wood finishing furnished
Cedar,     While   Fine,      Redwood.
All orders accompanied withC.VSH prompt
ly and carefully attended to.
Steamer Kstell
Harbor nnd outside towing done at reason
able rates.
F.  W. Hart
manufacturer,   Importer,   Wholesale
and  Retail  Dealer    in
t-sT Largest Estab-Uhment of Us kind.
2i-24 Cordova St.       Vancouver,    li. C
J. W. MuCann
Carpenter    *
And Builder
General Job Work
Dr Vy J. Curry
Green's JMock���oear Post Office���Nanai
nio. Any number of teeth removed
without pain and without the use of
Ether or Chloroform.
H A Simpson
Barrister ��nd Solicitor.    Office in 2nd
flat, Greeu's   Block.
Nanaimo, B. C.
We Continue Our Sale Until End of February
��S,   Our Spring Goods will arrirn Early in March.
*"*��� make, a speciality of Millinery, Jackets and Dry   Oooda   and   thia
..sson's styles and patterns surpass anything ever showed before la   Ua-
naimo ���    ..
Gommercial Street Nanaimo B. C.
I Make
It a Point 5 Know
--���������--���--  i
For iIip Inst thirty years having handled Silver W.re, manufactured hy tin*
Celebrated linns of Bied and Barton���Kodgers it)47���and Meriden Britannia,
I know them to be A I.    ft-**, In Jewelry, (.'locks, Watches, nnd  Speciacles,
I Show the Largest Stock in the city, AT HARD TIMES   PRICES,
Specal attention given to reparing in ALL Branches of the Trade.
"��*��.        Orders by mail will liava prompt attention. <g*|
M. R. Counter,
Crescent Jewelry Store.        Nanaimo B, C.
Vancouver Furniture Warehouse,
Established 1873-
���        Also Dealer in        	
nanaimo b. c.   ��.*����������
Nanaimo Cigar Factory.
Philip Gable, Proprietor.
Barton Street      ���    Nanaimo B. O.
Manufactures   the   finest   cigares,
em ploying none but white labor.
Why purchase inferior foreign cigars,
when you can obtain a SUPERIOR ARTI-
ei.K for the same money?	
Raper Raper & Go.
Booksellers,     Btatiouers,
General   News   Agents.
Nanaimo. 11. C.
NanaS Machine Works
Robert J, Wenborn-
Fraser Street
Near Bastion Street Bridge
Nanaimo' B. C.
All Kinds of Machinery made to order
aud repaired.
Fruit Trees
Mainland Nursery *
*      Ladners Landing B. C.
The Nanaimo Pharmacy
Nanaimo B. 0.
W. E. Mc Cartney Chemist,
Pur? Drugs Chf-tniuals and Put-wit
I'liy-iciins   I'resclptionB nnd Ml orders fill-*-!
with enro ami <liM---*lrh. 1'. O. box It
Geo. Bevilockway,
-*-,   Red House     -'-
nn-mmorcial St.     =   Nanaimo. B. O.
Dealer in General Merchandise.
Highest cash Price Paid for Ftirs.Hides,
and Country Produce.
Ralph Craig s
Nanaimo Steam
Baston St. Bridge, Nanaimo, B. C.
A large supply of three and four year old
Also Pears Plumes, Prunes, and Peaches
Ornamental trees for lawns and grass
plots.   Small fruits,   shrubs   and evergreens of every variety,
E. H. Mcherson,
Ladner's Landing,
C. B.
General Blacksmith ing, Horseshoeing
Carrage Building, etc.
Wagons and Farming Implements
made aud repaired. Miners' Auger Drill-
ting Machines mailc to order on short
J. G. Melvin
Experienced Watchmaker
Manufacturing Jeweler
And Diamond Setter.
Work done for the trade.
Repairing a specialty
A trial solicited
Orders by mail
Box 598, No 208 Abbot St.  Vancouver.
Courtenay B, G,
Fraser tSlThomas
Stage and Livery Business
Stage connects with all steamers at
tha Bay.
Alio do a general
Teaming Business
Order* may be left at Ihe Courtenay
Hotel, er thii office.
Eureka   Bottling Works,
         MANUKACTUItKR OF        	
sjSarsaparalla and Champagne Cider, Iron Phosphates, Syrups.
Dottier of Different Brands of I.nger Beer Steam Beer and Porter.
Agent for Union Brewery Company.
" Nanaimo and Courtenay B.  C.
2. D. McLean
Jeweler, Bookseller
and Dealer in
Organs, Pianos, Music
Stationery, and Notions of all kinds.
Union   Mines, B. C.
i have some splended lots
tor sale, both business and ne
Now ts the time to buy  to
adr linage before the Canada
Wcstain Railway reaches here.
Wkfc the advent of the railway, in addition to tihe other
conceded advantages of the
j-Sace,  ���prices  must rule very
This town is located in the
midst of tbe Ixrgrctagiriciilturvif
settlement nm Vancouver Island. !�� is sMtfa fix miles of
���JnkiB Mines affording the farmers of tSte valley die very
best hnraie market, and is sit-
nati-d ��mi the irmly highway
leading from l5&e settlement to
the mines. Tbe lumber interests of lies s-nnvi 11 arte inost ex
tenssw". 3aS an* an important
factor ia our proeresi.
The per tent of improve-
tmenCEof this town during the
present year is greater than
atsy other jftace the Coast
can Wast of, and the march of
imjirovoj&rrjt is still onward.
Tilt: prosperity of the town
has for its /ostufcttions, therefore large mineral, agricultural.
and! timber rccotarces It may
also he added that no section
furnishes a better field for the
sportsman. Fish aud game
are always abundant and_ our
hotels of the best.
For particulars address.
Joseph McPhee
Courtenay B.C.
Wm. Cheney     i
[  Office at the bridge ]
OOTJIiiTBlT^ir  B.C.
Real Estate Agent and Auctioneer.
Lots sold on easy terms.
Comox Saw Mills.
Rough and Dressed Lumber
White Pine always in stock.
All orders executed promptly.
Comox IC,


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