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The Weekly News Dec 22, 1892

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Array I _
//*
NO 7.
COURTENAY, COMOX DISTRICT, B.X. THURSDAY,  DEC. ,22    1892.
$2.00 PER YEAR
has opened up a
E y Gx)ds
Grocer)' &
Boot and Shoe Store
IN COURTENAY.
A  full  stock  of goods will  always be car-ied.
A share of your trade is solicited.
COMOX, B. C.
���  x 	
We aim to keep a well regulated stock or
merchandise and at prices as low if not beneath our
competitors.
J. B. HOLMES
IMPORTER AND SEALEB IN
General Merchandise
comox, n. c.
A large consignment of Cooking and Heating
stoves received this day, per Steamer Comox.
W. J. Young. P. F. Suliarschmidt.
CO UR TEN A Y P HARM A C Y.
�� PURE DRUGS & PATENT MEDICINES *
Also Fancy Toilet Articles
TOBAOOO  A.1TID  CT.GhA.:E?,S.
OPPORTUNITY   ARRIVED
I have for sale some Splended  Lots and   Blocks a   little
EAST OF   COURTENAY VILLAGE.
As is now understood, the Canada Western will run its track
Directly Through The Property
in passing from Courtenay to Union Wharf. Figures low and
erms reasonable now, but prices will be advanced before long
and may be doubled any day . Opportunity is our guest at
present, and once neglected  NEVER    RETURNS
Office at Courtenay.
Wm Cheney, Real Estate Agt
Dr. W. J. Young
Physician Sf Surgeon
OFFICE <fc B.ESID1TCB.
Courtenay Pharmacy
COURTENAY, B. 0
WARNING
All persons driving ovur tho wharf
or bridges in Comox district ftstpr
tlisu a walk, will Im prosecuted according to law,
S. Creech
Gov.   Agent.
UNION BAKERY
And Restaurant
OF
E. I. CLAY,
|]        Courtenay B.  C.
Ilcst   of everything   in  his   line
Always   on   hand.
Fraser &, Thomas
Stage and Livery Business
Stage connects with all steamers at
Iho Day.
Also do a genearl
Teaming Business
Orders may *e left it the Coortenay
Hoiel. or this offln-.
F. W. Hart
Manufacturer,   Importer,  Wholesale
an*   Retail   Dealer    in
CARPETS,    I.INOI.KUM, Oil, CI.OTH    ANII
- HOUSE    FURINISHING -
tjf- largest Establishment of its kind.
II-1J Cordova St.      Vancouver, II. C.
Riverside   Hotel
Courtenay B O
J, J. Grant, Propritor
The Hotel is one ofthe best equipped
on the Pacific Coast, and is situated at
the mouth of the Courtenay River, between Union and tbe large farming settlement of Comox.
Trout aie plentiful in tho river, and
targe game abounds iu the neighborhood
The Har connected with the hotel Is
kept well supplied  with the best wines
nui liquors.   Stage connects   with all
Steamers.   Terms moderate
McCann & Cessford
Carpenters   *
And Builders
General Job Work
SO
UNDER-TAKERS.
Courtenay B, 0,
Knob   Hill Property.
Six and One  Half Acres
on Knob Hill facing the Gulf.
Splendid Fruit Land
free from wind and frost and
suitable for a
Gentleman's    Residence
Four Acres are in grass and
the rest slashed. Price $600,
balance three and six months.
Enquire at News Office.
SHOEMAKER
A ("ood shoemaker is needed at Courtenay. He should be able to mend
*- .messes;   k ma..-ied man   prefered.
This if ��� snap for the right  mau.
UNION MINES
FURNITURE  ESTABLISHMENT
   A  Full   Line of Everything   	
-     From a Cradle to a    ��
... Complete   Parlor Set ...
BUILDERS   and CONTRACTORS
53T UNDERTAKING IN ALL IT8BRANCHES
Grant and McGregor Props.
The Courtenay Hotel
Leading hotel of Comox District
Everything first clue.
Batea from $1.00 to $3.00
Bar supplied with choicest liquors
This section is the   Paradise   for
Hunters aud Fishermen, and a favorite
resort for visitors from thc cities.
R. Graham, Propr.
Esquimalt  and Nanaimo Ry.
Steamer Join
J. E. BUTLER, MASTER.
On and after Aug. 23rd, 1892
The SteamiT JOAN will sail as follows
CALLING AT WAV TORTS!
L���*vu Victoria. Tiiiswi.:', 5 n. ro.
"   Ntinuimu fur Uimiox, Wi'ducwiiiy, I i. m
"  Comox for Viililus [fflfuiit, Thursday T njti,
I HoturniiiK s'MQOU.y. ]
Loiivo Cornoi Tor Nuuiiliuo,       Friday., T iv.ru.
, "     Naiiulmo for Victoria.   Haluril.y, T s.oi
For freight or state rooms apply an
board, or at the Company's ticket office,
Victoria .Station, Store street.
T. C. Woods
Comox B.   C.
Conducts a General
Teaming   and Livery Business
His Stage Runs to Union and
Returns Thursdays and Saturdays.
For Saie
Grain,   Produce,
And   Cattle,
Alto a fine farm.
Apply to
FOR SALE
80 Acres oftimber land,mostly
Alder Bottom
About   7 miles   from    Comox
Landing    Terms resonable
Appiyatthe
NEWS OFFICE.
Society    Cards
Leiser Lodge No. 13, A. O. U. W,
holds regular meetings on alternate Saturday evenings .11,7.30 p. in. in the old
North Comox School House. Visiting
Brethren are cordially invited to attend.
Ernest A. HoUiday
Recorder.
Hiram Lodge No 14 A.K .& A.M.,B.C,R.
Courtenay II. C.
Lodge meets on every Saturday on or
before the full of the moon
Visiting Brothers   cordially requested
to attend.
W. J. Young
.Secretary.
Subscribe for Thn Weekly News,
STAGE   LINE
McArdle's   fine    stage   will   leave
CoUKTEXAY lot'Comox
ot 1 p. 111 on  Wkdnksdays, returning
.after iiuiil hour.
�� Un Satuuiiav the stn|,'p will leave
���T'OI'iitknay for C'oiiox at 8a. in. R-.
Kuril thy; Mi.*'
COMOV   for UNION   MIMES
at lO a , returning to Coniox sumo
even ng.
Sandwick FQuu-OIcb
Mail for Friday morning's boat
closes at 1 p. m.   on Thurdsays.
\W kefp a carefully selected Btuelc
of CeXGIIAI,   MlfltCHANMSE.    DUIUUI.K
Farm Boots ��nd Kiioks a Sfkcialtv.
Hoots and Ruiiiikhk.
,���      Duncan  Bros.
A Consignment   of Holiday Toys
J. W. McKenzie
Courtenay, B. C.
General blacksmith trig
and Horse Shoeing.
Loggers' Work a Specialty.
Nanaimo
Reality | Investment
Agency
Farmers Enterprise.
Editor News.��� Wheu looking about
tiie other day 1 was imprest-ed not on-
I, wi'.u thi- recent rupid -growth of
Couneuay but aa well hy the beauty of
the vnllt-y, and the enterprise: of the
farmers who inhabit it. 1 do not be
li>-ve that a liner valley -xiuts in this
Province, I was especially impressed
* ith the fact that the fura.ers appeared
to b*'*��o well provided with machinery,
It wan in threshing time when I wos
looking about, and thc putting engines
wer<* quite plmty, each sending up a
long line of smoke. At Mr. Cairn's
place, the smoke from the thresher wan
ri-ing, and canting my eye a li tiu to the
north, them were, his neighbors, Crawford and Uquhart, hhtli busy separating
th�� chaff fr-m the wheat on their ex-
tensive farms. It would alio seem as
if carl, farmer was tho possessor of a
steam pet, end did his own   threshing.
I am glad to notion also that the peo
pie are 'exhibiting great interest in
tlmiiew Agrit-ultnral Association, and
trust it may he productive ofa vast
anmi-it of good.
Next full I hope to sea bjf the entpr- i
prising fanners a sh-aiu plowing match
conducted under tin- auiprice* ofthe Association. They have iho b>st of Holds
for such nn exhibition, tin* steam pnw-
er,nnd I think would do tl e work which
wiiile a novelty would show that the
method was a practicable one.
Observer.
For  Sale
At Cairns' Octagonal Farm House,
Sweet cured Bjcon, Hams, Eggs,
Poultry, Potaiocs, Parsnips, Onions
Carrots, Cabbage, and 0n<* Bull.
Prices reasonable, delivered or otherwise.
Thos. Cairns.
The Meeting of the Legislature
The Provincial Parliament has been
summoned to assemble oq the 27th of
Jt-iui) i-ii.
Our Victoria Letter
War on tho Chin-we���A nice Fair
of Bltwk Eyea for Vancouver ���
Christmas Bustle in Victoria���
Fares Between Nanaimo and Victoria to be Lowered.
The sanitary authorities have declared war cu the Chun-sti and tin- campaign is now at Us hotte-ti. Kvt-ry
other day batches of celestials gut their
de-rtf* from bin honor.
t^hief JuM.ce HfyUW rather stunned
the representative* of Vancouver citv
hut Atomluy in sustaining tin- appeal
of the C, P, K. from the judgment of
Justice McCieighl, who held that the
luiUay In-d no ri^ht to prevent im-
provemt.nts to the foreshore, Chief
Juntice l>egbi�� 1-upturned the app< al
with custs agatnst the city, and granted a niandutory injunction for the city
to remove a certain embankment mid
ti re-ttrctive iigunetion ottlcriug tbe
city 10 interfere no "-ore with the fore-
nhi-re, whicli b longs to the Dominion.
In tact it was a nice pair of Llttk t)W
for Vancouv er.
A young brute cf a S-.an.ch Indian
was sent up fur trial last Monday lor
attempting an indecent assault upon
un Indian girl ag--d twelve. Lovers
or .aw and older long for the introduction ot hUuil ca-i��"s to Mr. Justice Haw
kin*, old favorite, the eat-u-uii.etaiU.
Tho Lai ipjen ine Planter sailed for
Honolulu lust Monday with the major portion ��f her cargo; -.he left sev
eral thousaud fe��-t her*. .Tier crew
were nil non union men, and chipped
foi $-5 per month. The teamen1-- union here fori n 'e their im-ml-eis to sign
fur lens tbnn "^30.
It is rumored that thw E. and N. rail
��ay are aoing to grunt a reduction of
r.*tes 10 bona fide merchant travelers
going li.i'.'k an I torward biilWeeu 2s'anal
mo and Victor a to'many times a mouth
The Victoria children of Israel are
building a fine school house of their
own. Tiny are a progressive people,
and are e^etmed by their fel.ow ciii-
2Ctts,
A* C'lrtMrnas approaches the bustle
ou the street and in the store giowH
greater. The merchants expect good
tiroes. Money is much eiiaier than a
mm th ago. Tne Christinas btock)' me
mure t^an u-ually large and tempting.
A District Municipality.
Editor News: ��� Now that our Agricultural Si cic.y has been set agoing,the
next nioveuieuieiit in order will be to
get a municipality here in Comox. I
*ibh through the medium of your paper to call the attention of jour readers
nnd the j. ublic generally to the desira-
bility, I might Bay necessity, of Home
be t r syst.iin of manngetnent in tbe
cxpt-nfiituie of money on nudt etc'.,
than we huve at present There seems
to he a greit deal of friction and dissatisfaction prevailing respecting the man
agement and contiol uf our government
grant for roads, bridges, etc. I am sure
our member in the local house, Mr.
Hunter, would be heartily glad to get
rid of the odium and le-ipoiisibility of
the whole tinny- Th-te is a number of
niunicipulities(now in our Province and
they are yearly increasing, I cannot
sec why Comox should he hehind the
times, We have as large a scope of
funning land here, as there is anywheres
either on this island er on the Lower
I'Vaser on tha Mainland.
If other districts find it to be lo
their advantage ai.d hucccsh lo have
the control of their own taxos raised
in the district, and have the money judiciously ��xp uded without *o much
leakage for salaries, etc, the sooner w��
nukd a move in that direction the
better 1 shall have more 10 say on
tins subject, *ith your kind permission
at some other time. Pr-i-ln-pi some other citizen, better posted in muuicii al af
fairs than I am v, 1 give tlie|bitll a good
kick to keep it rolling, or bend it the
opposite direction.
Yours respectfully
A Tax Payer
Shipping News
The 8. S. Comox arrived Friday after
noon, bringing freight for Messers-J.
Mc Kim, J. It. Holmes, McPhee &
.Moore, Duncan Dim, 1>. Scharschmidt; and left again fur Vancouver after discharging.
1 ha steamer will li'Teafler make a
direct run between Vancouver and Com
ox, leaving Vancouver every Monday
at 8 a. m. arriving at Comox 5 p. 111.;
leaving Oouiox again on Tuesday at fa.
ui. ,arriving at Vancouver 5 p. 111,
The Comox arrived on time Monday
nt 5 p. m. with consignments for Mc
Phee & Moore. Duncan Bros, Geo.
Howe. She lwft Tuesday for Vancouver
at 8 a. m.
The SS. Joan will arrive today
[Wednesday.]
Lost.
A   black,   heavy   shaggy   glove
was taken away by mistake by roiuo
one it thc recent party at I-uuius Cliff
If they will kindly leave it at ��his. office it will be handed to the owner.
The Hornby Wonder
Hornby, Dec. 15.- The world seems
full of wonders. W-- have heard of
human oxen, wars 011 Valdes Islind,
men going out to find a mountain of
iron just heyond an almost im|-eiieirsh|-*
swamp, and orange bl ssoms in Decern
tier; but the must astonishing thing
of all is 'he discovery of a Hying machine, evidently ti��; product of another
planet, strunded on this island, It baa
created as may be supposed, a mo*.t decided Heiisat on, und drawn s-tvan-. from
a loug distance, curious to examine
and sve tor therm-elves the strange nn
chine, which is cou<��truut>id 00 different lines from Miiythmg ever Seen. It
is'shiipcd like a a wan with wheels iu
place tf wings, and so as 10 present the
least possinle resistance toil)*- atmosphere on its journey. Everything abvut
it is tubular, and of some material us
light as alumntuitl, although the -cten-
tis s have not yet been able lo decide,
but think it a metal unknown to this
sphere, The machinery is remarkably
im io'te and small, too intricate to de
scribed by one nut an adept in machinery, but strange as it may seem-vounect
ed with driving wheel*37 feet in diameter!
As lo the motive power, we were
puzzled, fur there was no steam, or
means to generate any, nor gus[al though
not su sure of that ] nor chemical com
bust ion; but a critical ^examination revealed trto boxes, such as you see in Ja-J
panesc lii-z-Hii>, ubo.it six inches square
uud oj cuing them there was strong
evidence of eleclricty, but how generated was tbe mystery.
The b lief now is that the friction
causedby the passage of the air through
the tubular aiaehinery generates the e-
lectricity.the boxes to which I have alluded bein-f the opposing batteries. It
uppear-i that the hyphotliesjs of u tension 1 lunjjlha line of fi ree ot any point
of the machine is proportaumte 10 the
square of the resultant electromotive
forces at the point, together with equal
pressure iu directions at right angles,
giving a dynamical effect. WmU
could be plainer!
J.ut here is something stranger still:
There were two men on the Flyer,
dressed in armour, aud supplied with
ull kinds uf devices to pio.ect them
from injury in their airy journey. Noth-
in-( like their armour was ever heard
uf. The metal of which it is composed is peculiarly strong uud light, like
ihrttot the machinery. Attached to
their vi ors was a luhular arrangement
seven feet long, filled solid with u beau
tful g'a'-s. clear as crystal. This look
ed ll.rough must enabled than to see
a mighty dbtance, The toughness und
strength of all tbe metal and connections is beyond conceptiou.lt mu-t h |ie
membered that according to the savaus
here that this Hyer is capable of traveling 11 great many thousand miles an
hour, and with such a volocity, even
with their tuhulur urrangi-ments, the
concussion of thn air must be terrific;
nnd without these safeguards tht-y
would have been ground to atoms and
scattered to the forcwimls of th-i universe.
A closer examination showed that
the whiskers of tho men were tubular
like everything else, und the inoioiieer
wore Ins a la Uund reary, the points
flowing bitck over either shoulder.
When this man's visor was removed we
were astonished above measure to find
that his features were the very image
of a well known citizen ot high sand-
ing in Comox, and formerly, if not
now, beioning to the pilotage service,
The resemblance is so great that if we
had not read in your p-.p-r of his sale
return from the dismal swamp, we
shim Id have ceitainly��taken it  for him
It is hclieved by the scientists that
these men were ou their way to the
World's Fair and seeing the sparks flying from tho sawmill mistook them for
the electric lights of Chicago, hence
came to grief in about twenty feet of
wuter (list out from the sawmill. It is
supposed that when tbey en me within
the influence of our mo.si cliamatr, it
must h tve produced a singular effect 011
them, for when found, although show
ing no signs of animation, neither did
they show any indication" of decay, aud
were as well perserved as animuls bot
tied in alcohol, while their features had
become rigid and firm with a petrilisd
appearance.
Kveiything will be kept as the nucleus
for tin- Hornby museum,although they
may be for warded, to Chicago fir exhibition provided t.iey are honored with n
separate building, and tickets and
transportation are provided theinhadfounts of this island lo the Ureal Exhibition.
Scientist,
Union Mines Coal'
Hay Supply North Pacific Squadron
The Steamer loan took down this
month two liv fool blocks uf coal from
the Union Mines tobeforward'd to Eng
laud to bctes.edbythenuv.il authorities. It scum that an English officer
said to be an expert, examined some of
thia coal onboard the II. M. S. Warspite, and pronounced it equal to the
celebrate'1 Cardiff coal of South Wales,
and it is believed that if this stands the
tests towhich it will be subjected by
the English Admiralty, it will hereafter
be exclusively used 10 supply the lirit-
isb North Pacific Squadron.
Cubb's Cough Cure is leading in thc
cities as ihcsafest, surest, and speediest
remedy for Coughs, Cold*, Whooping
Cough and kindred ailments.
Local Brevities
Wbat,s new? Cubb.s Cough Cure is
nm, effectual and speedy.
Ceo G. Macdonald proprietor of the
Elk hotel is Indisposed.
The Farmers' Home has now six shingle makers and is in need of four mure.
There were eight teams at work nn the
Union Road on Tuesday.
Parents warning school books for oil
drcu can procure them at ihe Courtenay
I'huriustty.
W.- R. Kobband wife ufthe Bay left
for Victoria on last week's steamer.
The Sunday school of the Presbyterian Church  will   have  their Cbrjstmas
next Tuesday evening.
T. Knwnbe, Japanese minister reached Comox by ifiu ss. Comox, Monday
on his way to ihe Mines.
Santa Clans will superintend the
Christmas tree at Knights of Phytbias
Hall.
The Quadrille Club held one nf its
pleasant dtincin�� socials at the Knights
ot I'nythus  Hall   on   Monday   night.
Capt. Webster, manager ofthe Union
Steamship Co, has gone on a visit to
Europe,
The railroad surveyors arc in thc neigh
bornoud of Campbell River. They have
run thc line through  Ni.un's farm.
John Kin�� and Duncan McAllister
will be down on the next steamer from
the north.
The trout in our streams so generally accept thc Irequent invitations to
goasbnre, that even tbeforbiddingmnjes
tv ofthe lawcanhot prevent them leaving
their aqueous beds.
There was a speck of brood on ihc
moon in thc Japanese quarters at Union
last Satirlay, but peace has been restored, and that radiant orb now shines in
unspotted splendor.
Mr. Small the trapper has left for Seattle. It is said he expects lo double up
soon  after returning.
We are informed that thc school at
Union has suspended temporarily on account of the prevalence of dipthe'ria.
The calf on   thc    premises of fob'n
I icrcy advertised, in out last issue as an
estray; is claimed by Win. Mathesson.
Cheney is doing a land office business
for the Western Investment Co.. and lots
in his hands go off like flapjacks in a
hungry camp.
Potatoes, they grow small over there
at Campbell River among Some ofthe
ranches this season, and but few in hill-
but look out for next year,when they may
he as big as pumpkins.
The]Western Investment, Savings :im\
Irust Company of which Mr. J. \V. Weatl
is managing director, has established an
agency here, in charge of Mr- Cbenev,
whose appointment   will serve to make
II Popular.
The gossiping winds which blasted
some of the blossoms of the Christmas
tree at the Courtcnav school house, will
not prevent there being a fair crop, it
is said.
Friday night it will be radiant with solcn
did toys, and toothsome drops.
If King & Casey have the faith they
profess in Duluth, whv don't they offer
their lots 111 this section where thc place
and its surroundings are known, instead
ot offering them to the greenhorns who
flutter arojnd the Provincial Capital,
like flies around an arc light, only to be
drawn in and done for?
We wonder whether the young man who
became so excited over a pair of Cape
Mudgc shawls, last Friday afternoon has
recovered his equanimity? It war indeed, a olcasing panorama, as the bright
red shawls, gleaming through the murky
atmosphere, slowly disappeared down the
Hay road, but if one must follow such a
sight it is better to leave thc keys at
home.
Ed Small came in tothe Hay last week
from the Upper lake where be has been
trapping with a companion. He brought
with him thc furs 01 61 beaver, 20 martin, 6 bear, ,3 raccoon aud 1 otto.
Captain Flntnose ot Whisky Supply
Sloop which has been hovering around
Valdes Island has sold out tojyoung Red-
nose,
Some persons appear to doubt that
such a thing as .1 human ox exists, but
they forget that thc lines frequently intermingle. For instance, there is many
a man who is mure nf a brute than a lui
man being, and on the other hand many
an animal, like the faithful dog which remained by thc lamented Hutlcr, showing
more fidelity and humanity than many
a man would.
The Hoard af Directors of the Comox
Agricultural and Industrial Association
hold an Interesting meeting last Monday evening in Courtenay, to receive and
consider the report ofthe committee on
Rules and Regulations.. After leading
and informally discussing the same the
committee were continued and the lioard
adjourned subject to call.
Christmas Goods
Young Si Scharschmidt have received
a targe consignment of Christmas goods
cards, toys, etc.    Look for them at   the
Courtenay Pharmacy.
Which is R|ght?
The Victoria papeis declared, when
Ralph, the Provincial surveyor, rctumi rl
from his trip running the line between the
Provincia lands and Dunsmuir belt, that
he had surveyed up to crown'mountain.
Looking at thc official map compiled by
M. W. W'aite & Co., we find Crown
Mountain exactly on thc dividing tine be
tween the railway and public lands.
Now tl e fact is that tbe line run hy Ralph
as claimed by tbe trappers, who Know ev
crv fool of land in that region, is seven
miles cast of Crown Mountain, and extending north of it a dozen miles to a
divide between the northwest fork of
Campbell River and the head of Salmon
River. HEALTH.
Indian Cures-
We might well learn a lessou from thi
iiiiiaii's health and strength. With hi n ;;
onatant succession of long days spent ii
totlve bodily eierclae in tin- open air -level
oped a race which was physically unexcelled,
probably, even by the Creeks.
Exposure, fatigue, privation anil physical
injury were lightly borne. The'seeming
Indifference to pain, which gained for him
the title of "stoic," was probably duo a"
much to an absence of severe pain as to uu
Unflinching endurance of it.
The Indian in not without surgical ami
medical skill. Doctor HingatOn, of Moot
real, in a paper recently read in London,
describes some Interesting procedures which
arc part ot the Indian's traditional skill.
For llie Indian who breaks an arm or log
Mi the depths of the forest, splints admirably
adapted for their purpose are immediately
cut. " These are lined with down-like moss,
or scrapings or Shavings of wood, or with Hue
twigs interlarded with leaves; or, in winter,
with curled-iip leaves of the cedar ot hemlock, end the whole is surrounded with tiie
Withes of willow or osier, or young birch."
Sometimes the sofl bark of the poplar or
the busswood is used, or, if the accident
occurs near tbe marshy shore of a lake or
river, resort may be had to wild hay, or to
reeds of Uniform length and thickuins.
For carrying a wounded man, an ordinary
" stretcher'' of clastic boughs is made : but
when the injured man has only a singto
companion, two* young trees of lurch, beneh
or hlokoiy are eut, with the upper houghs
loft untouched ; from these is conn true ted a
stretcher. TllO jolting from the dragging
is broken by the elastic houghs. Tt is stated that iu tho Indian's *'plentitude of
health," bony union of fractures takes
place in   a remarkably ��bort timo.
" Indian tears, Indian balsams anil other
such 'euro alls���tho virtue of which it
sometimes takes columns of the daily journals to chronicle��� aro not theirs. To tho
white man is left this species of deception."
.According to Dr. HlugStOU,   tlio   Indians
] rurca, which would entail on them weeks o .
raftering and Incapacity for work." !
While it is tru-* that tho game of foot-ball
itayed iu American collages and schools is
iot nearly so harmful aud dangerous as that
rVhlch is played   in England,  yet   the ten-
tenoyto violent eiercuie is every where so
great thai it ought tu he checked.
The Sleep of Children-
Infants, and cbildron of all ages require
more sleep than grown people, because their
impressible nervous systems could not bear,
luring their waking hours, tiie prolonged
strain to which they would be subjected.
Thoy require more sleep mainly because,
while sleeping, all tho vital powers are concentrated on building them up instead of
being diverted to muscular movements and
other influences whicli would Interfere with
this concentration,
If the children are wakeful and restless,
it is au Indication that something is wrong;
and that something will genet illy be found
to beimproperorexcesslvefeedtugi clothing
too tight, or too warm, or confined und impure air. VVhOU a child is rest less and
sleepless, those aro tho tilings to bo looked
after first j stupefying drugs and soothing
syrups should never be resorted to, except
by thc advice of a physician.
These child-slaughtering preparations aro
to  bo   found   in   many   households;   ami
mothers, too often, not only give them themselves, but even leave them in tho hands of
an ignorant and irresponsible nurse, who is
but too ready to dose iho helpless little ono j
In order to secure lie;- own repose. I have;
heard of mothers who m*o so thoughtless or
so heartless as to give a dose of laudanum,
or flome other strung narcotic to their babes,
that they might sleep while tho mother attended some play or party.
If mothers kuew thc danger of opiates,
.surely they would not give thoui on every
tiivial occasion, 1 will briefly mention
some of the effects of opiates on children,
as a warning against their indiscriminate J
use:
Hirst, the brains of children are very susceptible to suoh impressions, and aro nutnr-
���WKGmtTNDKREl'HER-
hi-fury or* Beneaeen. Dlscovery-
Doetor Daniel Deniscm Made, writing n
.Scrt&ner'a Alayazutt for October, says : N"
discovery ever came upon the world more
suddenly, or moro completely fitted for immediate employment, than did that of surgical ano-stheaia. Its advent was heralded
by no Bigaala which gave notice of the
mighty power for good which it was destined
to exert. lie presence, after the first few
successful demonstrations, seemed as natural
as the sunlight, and when experience had
made more fully known the laws which govern this condition, its use became almost
immediately established iu the community
which witnessed ita birth. Those who were
instrumental iu its introduction have mostly
passed away, and a new generation bus
since come upon tho scene, an ignorant and
heedless of the Btory of its origin as if
centuries had flown by instead of a few decades.
W- T. G. Morton was born at Charlton,'
Mass., Auirust 7, 1810. Hia parents were
of respectable Scotch descent.    He received
) phurio other. It gradually became known'
hat it was that substance, but it was never
:ortii*lly so stated. Its administration at
lie outset waa conducted solely by Morton
uuiself, who endeavored, by the admixture
iif foreign inert elements, auch as fragrant
essences, tinctures, etc., to disguiso th>
peculiar odor of the ether. Thus, in this
new position in which he was placed, it was
uot unnatural that the illiterate should
have looked upon him as a conjurer
POSSSSSBO OfSKCKKr fOWBBS.
as tho one might have been regarded who
had discovered the Fountain of Perpetual
iouth, so ardently and fruitlessly looked
for by Juan Ponco de Leon and his followers. The day fixed for the memorable
operation which was to add to the. fame of
the Massachusetts General Hospital was
Saturday. November 7, 1840, at eleven
o'clock. News of tho expected event had
been noised abroad, not only among thc
Harvard medical students, and the medical fraternity of Boston and its vicinity
but also among thoso ot other professions
who would be Interested in au occasion of
this character; so that not only all the
seats, but every available place for standing.
LZ'Ti'"J''00*'*',*'1.' T}��,"T cau?t,i<;."': in thi u-Mti��rtn ofThe opsmtlng.rooiS
auT^"��w.tl'c^Pc���d?L^8l'fo.''cLc"Sf��1l��'SscroJuJ with .... anxious -nd"ipoot
a short time in the family ot u physician
where he acquired a
TASTE   FOi;   THE MEDICAL   PROFESSION.
Being obliged to depend upon his own cxer
lions for support, he left home at the age of
.  iiou
more before the
ant assembly, a
appointed time.
Scarcely had tho tall clock on the hospital staio'iy rung out the hour of eleven,
when the awe-door of the operating-theatre
employ counter-irritation by means of tiro ally prone to Inflammation and congestion.
applied at a distance from the affected part. [ -Second, opium, in all its forms, greatly
Thoy incise abscesses with pointed flint, increases the tendency to thoio grave din-
Ihey perform amputations, in ihc course of orders whicli cause the death of the major-
which the   bleeding ia stanched by means   ity of children.
Third, the smallest dose will sometimes
ausc  fatal depression;   uud   tlio frequent
ise of Biich drugs will result in U state of
.   . ,, .    ,.       .   .. .     ���hrnnio engorgement of the blood vessels of
It is good for one who lives in the country  the brain, which, from the slightest cause
to 6o early to bod, why not for him and her   wlU    -��� plK to convlll&ioI13 dh of the
who live in the city ? It the man or woman   -,���-     or Bome othw m {m fft^ fo^
upon whose nervous system the day makes.     KoHrt,     l|l0 bmln   ja th(J flJlllU[lill aild
The Wastefulness of Late flours.
Very little demand lives the longer for long
nights oi rest, wiiy  will not health   and
mainspring of life ; and if it is disordered,
the whole vital machinery is deranged aud
"'T''''!1.!,;'0,;.!i;^'..'"l,liJl'!^��,;!ffl,��f ��"1��i'i^r'>uaSuSmiluSus?
the city who, in the vernacular of the town,
'��� "on thn jump " all day ''
The "smart"' set ot the metropolis lacks
possible for tho human machine to penorm
its functions as it is for a watch to run
when the mainspring is out ot order.    Opi-
reasonableness    The wise medium   which   aV-iTdernVgeu^^^^
Hlt!fc1"!:^ V'"lf!!l.!.3|,tl?VJ.L.VJ^*1' ;!f^3?.!!!;^   ��d by the Vain and nerves, and thus the
seveutecii years, and came to Boston, whore I was widely opened, and tho stretcher upon
bo passed a few years as salesman and clerk | which was laid
in tho   book trade.   Becoming dissatisfied | A 1'Al.li Axn kmaciat.'.u
with the business, and urged by bis early] of nineteen years was carefully hot-no in by
fondness for medical pursuits, olrcumal -incus : the nui ted strength of two faithful ward-
induced him to enter the Baltimore College j tenders, and atteuded by the two boiuo-
of Dental Surgery, as a stopping atone to I surgeons, Dra, 0, J*, Hey wood and Alfred
the Otherbraucnea. Alter two years of prep-1 Lambert, tho bright hectic flush upon h*r
aration lie formed a partnership iu the cheeks contrasting strongly with the while
practice of dentistry with Horace Wells, at sheet which otherwise enveloped her cut'ro
Hartford, Conn. This being dissolved iu form, Alice Mohan hud been an inmate of
IS48, he removed to Boston, whore ho re-! the Massachusetts General Hospital for tin
sinned his business, In IS-14 ho entered hla past eighteen mouths. Two months before
name ns a student of medicine with Dr. j her entrance, white walking on the ice, she
Charles T. Jackson, of Boston, and iu tho,had fallen aud struck upon her right knee.
wiuler of 1844���43 ho matriculated at She experienced considerable pain at tho
the Medical .School of Harvard University,: time, whicli was soon after followed by eu-
thus evincing his determination to become | largement and sensitiveness ofthe joint,
thoroughly educated in his profession. His] with increased suffering
necessities obliged him, however, to attend on motion or the mm ii.
diligently to his dental business, a circum- j On hor admission to the hospital an exam-
stance whioh {nation of the joint revealed considerable
swelling and distinct fluctuation at tho side
and below the kuce-pan, as also much
tenderness   ou   deep   prcs'mie.     She   was
YOUNG POLKS.
of the most fusii ion able people of this com-
healthful supplies, absolutely necessary for
merchll city.    We call it commercial  for a   JJ, h --j -^-^ rf ^ chU(1 ^     %
purpose.    Iho men   who dance mid dine,   o|-- "
who wait up tho opart u a duty and sup: _ ,, tll0 Bame tat-MM, thc ac,ion o[
afterwards lor ploasuro th- "owls o tho the hoartl, lntorforod with, ami thus ore
olubs, tho midnight spondthrilis of heir all healthful supplies of Mood to tho system
physloal and nervous resoi roes-most of klU:, U.A ,[{0 breall,ir , becomes slow
these n, this country are business men. If am, M*lioa, aml ,ta blooJ ,��� not iliai
thoy go to hod at .1 j clock in tho morning,   m l]|(, h r
thoy must nevertheless be down town at 8 , Aa ��� _mlmim of all this, the child
or D.    1 hoy ro about their business with   wasll!3 in a ��     ,     b b|oatoll    d
aggard steps and worn-out nerves. Is t drops,oal sliriuk. to skin and bones, and
any wonder tha so many are uiisnocessful,  aiuK3 jMo ^ ,   Ma ot iguoraat
and arc financial lailurcs, until they marry   drilt,���-,1Lr
    ""    '"       The mother often attributes her loaa to o
" mysterious dispensation of Providence,"
to cold or to anything besidea tbe true
cause���death from over-drug-*ing with narcotics.
the fortunes made by more prudent and
better Americans of an earlier generation''
American women are very beautiful and
charming. They know more and talk better than any oilier women iu tho world except their sisters of France. Tins class aud
that has been called the only American
aiistocracy, and there is truth underlying
the claim of each. The tramp is an aristocrat because he is an idler. The collcgo
boy is an aristocrat because ho has much
leisure for sport. Tho army and navy
officers nro aristocrats because tbey are tho
permanent representatives of the Govern
THE BLACK DEATH.
a Terrible Devastation Which Prevails in
a Sniftii Tiirki'sliin Town,
I     Recent advices from Turkestan tell of tho
mmiMiui.. , u ���.         outbreak there of the Black Death in very
ment, But, alleraiirUtJwomau'of fashion virulent form, some thirteen hundred pools thefinest and most charming aristocrat in !"'���"" dying ot tho disease iu a small town m-
the country, if anyone can sit up late and ^c.oi aix dni's- The black death is au uu-
have plenty of leisure   to sleep   away the
familiar name to modern times, but in the
crowfeet of'fatigue, ii is "she,"aiid'yct'evoii   Middle Ages it was a current  term, never
���ho has no right to tempt the fateaafter the   spoken without a sense of horror. It passed
manner of the British maid aud matron,
She has more to do. The demands of our
complex   BOoiety  upon tho   women   of lb
.1
under dillerent names at times, such us tho
"Oreat Death," tho "Bubo-plague," the]
" Blague," and, indeed, it was the. plague of
complex    "-'li-ieiy    upon uiu    noiiit-u    m i.uu ��� ��� a---    ���- -. -��� -- -������  r-o-;  -- i
country are greater and more exacting than the ancients. It was tho plague of the tune
those made upon the feminine members ofa of Trajan, and was first mentioned histor-
monarohlcal aristocrsoy. The American wo- Ically by the phyalolan Unfits of Ephosus, |
man of fashion is usually pretty nearly tired '-nd for two thousand years it has paid per-
enough when she bBgina to dress for dinner, loilleal visits, chiefly to Mediterranean
Besides, with all due respect to our cousins shores. In the fourteenth century it ex-
out mother side of the water, we do not tended all over Europe, and tlio mortality
care to have hor exactly like the English was frightful, fully twenty-five millions of
woman. pe-ipl-: having succumbed to the scourge
All this is apropos of anew club designed j while at tbe sameititne in the East twenty*
to furnish pleasure, entertainment and sup- ' three millions and in China thirteen millions
per to Its members after the theaters are perished. Iu 103(1 Bome threo hundred
ouf. Uusatiated beings are to be provided thousand people wero carried off ia five
wilh an excuse for "keeping it up" fur iuto mouths by the plague in Naples. Loudon
the morning, Occasional Blttlngs up arc had had been visited many times by tho disease
enough, but when early morning bedtime when what is known as the "great plague
becomes chronic in this city it will be bad of London" prevailed in IBM, and about
1 one-sixth of tho population of the city was
carried off. In Toulon, in 1721, one-third
of the population perislied.
Almost thc last appearance of tho Black
Uealh in Europe was in 1840 and  1841    '
for our youth of both saxes.
Tlio people uf this country who advance
its civilization come out of tho sober ranks
of those whose recreations, like their vocations, aro calm and healthful*    We receive | . ^^^^
no good, but much harm, from the feverish j Turkey aud Ualmatta. It has never appear-
""���"���Tal life of tho towns.    Everything that   ed in the United States. Our first accurate
offers foreign disalpitionlatobe discountenanced. For thc men and women of this
country a long nights sleep is best. No
one should be pern lilted to live on his nerves
whose life is worth a uroat t0 his fellow-
beings, and there ought to b- few iu this
republic whose value is not greater than
that.���[Harper's Weekly.
Dangerous Excitements.
Amusements of a proper Bort are conducive to health. Tho spoils of childhood not
only toughen the muscles and Invigorate the
���system, but prevent too much cerebral activity. At the same timo they develop agility,
alertness, daring and not a few of the qualities essential tOBUCOOBPln life.
It is largely the same with thc sports of
youth, especially among students and all
who are engaged in sedentary pursuits. For
some persons
ill thn' i'i feasible is simpl-
divorsion���a change In the line of thought,
feeling and care; not nn enforced change,
with " this for my health '' behind il, but a
natural and pleasant one, which for tho
time alters the currents of nervous force,
Fur others something more stirring und
stimulating is desirable, but all such should
remember that there is a limit beyond
which excitement is not a benefit, but a
harm.
Bhtoitoment maybe injuriousphysloally,
mentally aud morally. There are the morally ruinous excitements of the inndern bull-
flanti and of tho anci-mt gladiatorial ihowi,
When women, made for tenderness, sympathy and love can liud their highest enjoyment in such exhibitions, it is plain that
the moral nature itself baa become thoroughly atrophied.
To young men particularly tlsfl excitement of the theatre uftcn becomes so controlling that it checks all tholr better intellectual tendencies, and leads to reckless
expenditure and even to pilfering.
Competitive games, especially interco".
icqlato, which many elements combine to
cany the excitement to the highest degree,
ere dangerous, not only in the nnal decisive
Struggle but In tbe long preliminary training. The tendency of such excessive QXertlottB
la to enlargement of the heart. Some men
can endure almost anything, but many of
the most ambitious aud excitable run great
;isks,
The modern form of foot-ball involves excitement** ��if a very dangerous kind ; the
players put into it the utter recklessness of
/ohliers on ihe battlefield, The Boston
Medical Surgical Journal says :
" During the season In whioh the game of
fool-ball is played in England, tbe record
nf accidents more or luss serious la practically continuous. During tho foot-ball season of ls!ll-!li '.hero died through accidents
received on the field no fewer than cloven
Blayors, while more than seventy others received injuries, mostly iu tbe shape of frao* p
knowledge of tho scourge dates fn
prevalence in Egypt from ls;**I to 1S4."
whero it was studied by European pliysi
cians as carefully as could be done with the
restricted pathological teachings of that
time. Since then thero have been outbreaks
in Irak on the i-jiphrat.es iu 1807 and in
1873, In 1870 at Bagdad, In 1877 at other
points on the Tigris, and again in 1884 in
thc same parts of Mesopotamia. In 1878
Europe was thrown into a panic by tho appearance of the plague on thc banks of the
Volga! but it WOB mild in character, and
died out spontaneously iu a short lime. The
various Governments sent commissioners to
the spot to study and report upon tho disorder, but it bad quite disappeared when
the commissioners arrived, and consequently our sci-'iilitic kno-vh dgc of tho disorder
was uot increased.
Wo ItUOW it to be thc most fatal of nil
epidemic diseases. Ths mortality varies
from sixty to ninety per cent, of thoso attacked, and occasionally every person affected dies. Not only human beings suffer, but
rats, cats, dot's, cuttle, and other animals
become victims to the pestilence. It is undoubtedly an acute infectious disease caused
by Some micro-organism which has unusually malignant proclivities and which multiplier wilh enormous rapidity within tho
body. Death flontatimes takes place ill a
few hours.    Among the symptoms which
havo contributed to its various designations
arc enlargement and suppuration of glands
and the formation uf carbuncles, whence the
name " buba-plague;" and hemorrhagic
spots and petechia1 under thc skin, rendering tbe body quite dark or black, whence
the origin of tlio phrase "black death."
Like tho cholera and small-pox and several other contagious diseases, it h,units
the habitation.'; of the poor, llie Bhiftless,
and the squalid. Modern civilization in
Europe, with Us improved sanitation of
cities and perfected water supply, has gradually eradicated most of the epidemics that
so ravaged medieval peoples, but pestilence
still lingers among the Orientals, where
everything it demands for its sustenance
and perpetuation is furnished with prodigal
liberality; foul water, decaying food, vile
habits, filthy houses, unclean vestments,
and streets reeking with garbage and offal.'
So loug us these conditions persist, and unhappily they do persist even under iho fos-
tcring care of Europoan Governments having control in those regions, so loug will tho
Bast bo a constant menace to the health of i
civilized mankind. While it is hardly
probable that tho black death will over
again visit Europe in a form so calamitous j
us formerly, still conditions might at some I
time become so favorable for the growth |
and propagation of its germ that it' might
cause great havce in certain Continental
cities such us Astrakhan, Constantinople,
nnd the like, where sauitaliou ia scarcely
known even by nam'
I.VTKRFr.KKH SKKIOUSLY WITH  HIS STL-DIES.
While at Hartford he discovered a method
of soldering false teoth to a gold plate, but
requiring for its advantageous use the removal of remaining old roets. This painful
process, not demanded hy other dentists,
proved a great injury to his pecuniary sue
ess. Morton directed his attention, therefore, to some method by which the anguish
of this necessary step might bo overcome,
dust previous to Is-lj some fortunate experiments had been undo by Horace Wells, the
former partner of Morton, iu the use of
nitrous oxide gas as au agent for preventing
pain in tooth extraction. But p. public demonstration, which Wells gave at Boston,
having completely failed, bo abandoned his
project, and even
HIS 0C0UPAT10S AS A DENTIST.
This partial success of Wells stimulated
still moro the efforts of Morton toward the
end bo bad bo constantly in view. On u
certain day a lady came to Morton's office
to have a very sensitive tooth filled. By
chancu he applied1 some prepared chloric
ether which bad been given him by Dr. 0.
T. Jackson, who bad repeatedly used it as
toothache drops. This bad n benumbing influence upon the pain, and was, in fact, so
successful that he was induced to institute
an enquiry into the nature of this and other
forms of ether.. One of his students, in the
course of conversation, also informed him
that when a scholnr at an academy ho had
inhaled sulphuric ether for amusement,
without any unpleasant effects. Thereupon
Morton waa. lad
TO SXPEBIMBKT UPON" ANIMALS,
upon himself and upon hia assistants, discovering thereby tbe nocessity for thc use
of pure rectified sulphuric ether, in place of
the crude commercial article usually on
sale by druggists. Finally, a painful tooth
was diaun by Mortoa from a man, iindei
the influence of its inhalation, without the
least suffering. As the mere extraction of
a tooth, however, would not bo sufficient
proof of tho insensibility to pain under
many circumstances, Morton was induced
to call upon Dr. John 0. Warren, senior
Burgeon at the Massachusetts General Hospital, and to ask permission for tho earliest
opportunity to experiment iu a surgical
operation with a substance which would
pj-event pain.   After some deliberation this
equeat was granted, although
THE NATUBt OF TUB AGENT
to he used was not at that time made known
Dr. Warren.   In the meantime Morton
grop*d hia way with various devices for the
onvenient administration of his ''compound," and at last settled upon a glass
globe with 'wo necks, in ono of which was
placed a perforated cork, through which air
was admitted, while to the other neck was
attached a tube, with valves which opened
and abut during inspiration and expiration,
and through which the patient inhaled th'
vapor, given off from a sponge saturated
with the agent and hold Inside the globe.
Morton, in a few days, received a uotofroiu
Ur. J.C. Warren saying that be would offer
him the desired opportunity to test his dis
covery at the hospital.    Accordingly, on tin
day appointed, ho went to the hospital, and
thero,  in the presence ot several   medical
men and students, be gave  tothe patient
_a   young   man   with a tumor upon the
neck���bis so-called " compound," by means
of
THE APPARATUS JUST DBS0RIBED.
Although, as Dr. Warren subsequently
stated, the anesthesia was "itnpftrfoot,
still the patient declared that he bad foltno
pain during tho operation, beyond n certain
disagreeable sei.svtiou as if tbe part hud
been Borapod with a blunt instrument. This
Was the lirst ease at tho Massachusetts
General Hospital in whicli an attempt wus
made with tho new agent to alleviate the
pain of a surgical operation, Morton was
asked to come on the next day and to repeat
tho experiment. He then again administered the preparation to a female, from whose
shoulder a large fatty tumor was removed
by Dr. George Hayward, The operation
was not a severe-ono, but the most complete
insensibility was induced, aud although
long incisions were made iu thc skin, impatient was
PERPECTI.Y ONOOSSeiOCfl   OK PA11T-
After these first trials ut tho M.issacbir
���etts General Hospital tho ubb of Morten*.
discovery was discontinued at nut". Institution for several weeks.   Nevertheless the
discoverer himself continued to employ it
in his dental practice, not always with per
feet success, however, and iu some cases
even with serious consequences.    This was
attributable to Inexperience, rod to defei
live means of application, Tho temporary
discontinuance of Morton's agent at. the
hospital was duo to various reasons. It was
a secret mixture; moreover, it was a patented article: both of which facts unfitted It
for the use of the regular practitioner. Its
naturo not being understood, its inhalation
might, under circumstances not yet established, be followed by untoward, and even
fatal symptoms. Professional etiquette and
rivalry also played no small part In
ihi; withdrawal or ITS USE,
All these objections, however, were safe-1 - ,    , ... ,   ,      ,,
lv tided over. Moreover, Morton had at1 twenty-second, she was discharged well,
last undertaken to acquaint thc hospital ��will be rebiembered that the lirst open-
sun-eons by a letter addressed to Dr. War- tion in which the attempt to administer
roii? senior, with the true nature of tbe sulphuric ether at the Massachusetts
agent used. Thus, all obstacles being re- General Hospital was not considered by the
moved, Morton administered his anodyne operator a complete success- Ibis momor-
to a patient who was to undergo an am. able incident in the history of anrosthosfa
nutation at tbe thigh. At this point at-,"Mi however, been made the subject o fa
tent-ton may properly be called to theele-|*��ge pumttng, exooutedby tho distinguish-
placed in bed and ordered to maintain pel
feet rest hi a horizontal position, while
various forms of local treatment wero
adopted. Thus sho continued for weeks
and months, at times comparatively free
from pain, and again in much suffering.
Gradually, however, in spite of all measures
suggested, hectic and symptoms of constitutional disturbance made tholr appearance,
'llie knee-joint having evidently become
greatly di-organized, her attending surgeons
determined to amputate the limb, Such
was tbe patient who was to undergo thc
first capital operation under iho Influence
of an agent which was to annihilate for
ever afterward
THE AUOHIES OF 8UB0HBY.
As all eyes were now fixed upon tho scene
before tiicm Dr. George Hayward stepped
forward and remarked that, with the advice
of the other surgeons, he should allow Mr.
Morton to administer an article by inhalation to the patient Upon whom bo was about
to operate which it was alleged would prevent any pain from being felt. Thereupon,
Morton, n man of commanding figure and
appearance, very erect, and dressed, as ho
usually was, in a Btylisli fashion peculiar to
himself, consisting of a blue frock coat with
brass buttons, a large and elegant scarl
which completely filled ��p the open front
ofthe waistcoat, "gaiter" trousers, etc., and
bearing In his hand the instrument described, oame in from an adjacent room, and
advancing lo the operating-table, spoke
A FEW WORDS Ol" CNCOlltACEMEST
to the patient and instructed her in tbe
method of inhaling. The curiosity on the
part of all present was intense. The stillness wi s oppressive, broken only by the
hurried respiration and occasional sob of
the patient. Grouped about Morton, standing as tbe central figure at tbe head of the
operating-table, were thosurgkal aud medical officers of tlio institution, as alsotheatten-
daata, all as intent upon tho unusual scene
before them as were tho most untried epec-
tators in the seats of tbe amphitheatre, In
threo minutes the patient was completely
under the in'lucnce of the preparation, as
shown by the complete muscular relaxation,
the drooping eyelids, the Immobile pupil,
and tho deathlike
INSENSIBILITY TU EXTERNAL IMPRESSIONS.
Morton now informing Dr. Hayward that
bis patient was ready, tho assistants drew
her body down upon tho tatlo, so that the
lower limbs projected beyond tho odgo, the
right ouo being duly supported. Dr. J.
Mason Warren compressed tho femoral artery at tbe groin. Dr. Hayward, grasping
the soft parts of the front of tho thigh, so
.ts to bring them well nut from tho bono,
pushed the lmg amputating knife through
the flesh from the outside, transfixing tin-
whole thickness of tho thigh, uud, cutting
outward, formed an anterior flap. This being slightlj lifted up by his assistant, he
then carried the knife in the sauio direction
which it first took, but behind tho bone, aud
again cutting outward, formed the second
flap from the posterior surface ef tho thigh.
Tbe two flaps were then retracted by ono of
the surgeons whilo tbe bono was sawed. A
slight uuovenness of tha bone re main ing,
was made smooth by the bono forceps. Tlio
principal artery was thou seemed by ligature, and four others wero
PLACED UPON MiltEDIXa POINTS,
The loss of blood was very small. A compress dipped in cold water, and retained iu
place by a few turns of a roller bandage
over tho stump, was the only dressing applied. The amputation occupied less than
two minutes, not. including tho time consumed iu tying the arteries. Dr. Hayward
suit! afterward that ho performed tho operation rapidly, as he feared the insensibility
might pass off, and that there wero no
means of continuing it as long as it might
o desirable. During the operation the
patient remained In the most profound
Bleep, evincing not the slightest sensibility
to pain until tin: tightuing of tho last
ligature, when sho   uttered   a groan, and
then soon returned to partial consciousness,
She was ignorant of the loss of hor limb,
and could
HAlUiLY DE PBBSOADKD OF TIIE JMCT.
Tho operation completed, and even before
the removal of tllS patient from tlio room,
the profound stillness and suspense which
bad hung over all present wus broken by
loud murmurs of surprise and admiration
at tbe success which had boon attained.
Morton waa the hero of the hoar, and WAS
regarded with feedings akin to those whicli
might have been awakened hut an angel
suddenly appeared, bearing waters from
"the Lethean streams of oblivion," which
having been administered to the suffering
invalid, bad produced the effc'.'ts witnessed.
A glance at tho Hospital records of that
date informs me that, after tho patient was
brought drwn and placed  lob-r bed, sho
COSII'LAIXEP OFUKKAT PAlX
in tho knee aud foot which had been removed, but that at two o'clock in tho afternoon
she revived, talked very pleasantly, and
asked for some tea, which was given her,
From this period her recovery was rapid.
Her wound healed readily, her general
health improved, and, on December
twenty-second, she was discharged
ton tion may properly
ment of mystery which hung over thc early
days of the introduction of the material
which produced suoh wonderful effects, lb
was now tho subject of general interest
and attention, but its nattire bad not been
made known tothe public, or to the medical profession. In fact thero was never.
ANT AUTnOKITATIVB ANNOr.Tn-.ihT^T
that tho now discovery was  simply  pul
ed artist, Mr. Samuel Hinckley, of Wash
ingtonj D. 0. This work of art, both from
the importance of its subject as well as from
tho merits of tho painting itself, wore it
exhibited at tbe apptoaching Chicago Exhibition, would remind the beholders that
tho discovery o( surgical ana-sthesia i�� one |
of the glories which belong to the New i
World J
Knthy's Co-iscenoe.
" I haven't any conscience," said Kathy
U'ard, standing at the window and ail-
dressing Georgia Grccu, her new room-mate,
who was still bending over her book in thc
dim afternoon light.
" 'Julius Otasar, Aulas Plautlus and Suetonius, Roman generals invading Britain,"'"
murmured her more studious room-mate,
" Why, Kalhy Ward, of course you have I
Everybody has a conscience."
Kuthy shook hor head. "Not I," she
answered sadly, "and sometimes when it is
half dark, and I remember how far away
from bome I am, it scares me to think about
my conscience."
" 'Julius Gtesar, Aulas Plautius and Suetonius,* Just now you taid you hadn't
any conscience. * Roman generals Invading Britain,' " said Georgia, with her eyes
ou tbe ceiling.
Kathy turned toward tho window with a
sigh. Conscience or no conscience, sho was
truly sorry fur her past uogligoncc, aud
those lively unlawful whisperings which
had been punished by her separation from
bet- chosen friend uud usual room-mate,
Jennie Randall.
Kathy was a shy girl. To fow people
could she unreservedly open her heart; but
Jennie had charmed her. Now, sorely
missing her confidante, sho had tried to
speak her thought to this newer frind, whose
Companionship had  boon thrust upon  her
foi her Improvements
"1 mippu.ii' it is not having a mother that
makes mo different," Kathy went on.
''Mothers can make you understand things,
but aunts can't. Aunt Geluvia talks to Hie
about a still, small voice, but I have never
heard ii, havo you ?  Have you, Goorgie "
"Why, yea of course I have," answered
Georgia, impatiently, "and so havo you,
and so has everybody, It's wicked to say
you haven't I 'Gaul was conquered by the
Romans fifty years beforo Christ, and
divided into four provinces; throBcenturies
later it was overrun by savage tribes, among
whom the Franks had the ascendency and
gave their name to the country !' You had
better study your rcvicv for Friday,
Kathy ; it is awfully hard."
Dr. Hgerluu's school had for years been
of high repute In the part of tlio country
where Kathy Ward lived. Young ladies
wore Rent from among the best families
within a radius ot three hundred miles to
acquire their education there.
Gf tiie two hundred pupils of her timo,
Kathy Want waa perhaps the most sensitive
and the most impulsive by nature, """ho
Was a sweet, honest-faced girl of fifteen,
with much ability, and a degree of self-
respect which should have bettered her conduct reports ; but Hhe had faults, and they
were of a kind to interfere greatly with her
success in school life, '
Kothy's tallest stumbling block was that |
she was easily led, and bad tailed to select .
a wise leader. Kuthy had become a close
friend and admirer of Jennie Randall, the
prettiest, brightest, and most unscrupulous
girl in her class. I
On the morning after Kathy had re-
proaohed herself to her new room-mate, sho
was led once more into mischief by tho
blond Jennie. Tho earlier recitations were
over, and the class had been for the past
bout- under the instruction of the singing
teacher in the chapel, i
It was a largo room with a raised platform, before which stood rows of settees.
Against thc walls stood a cabinet of curiosities, of various sorts, given by former
scholars. ;
The singlng-hour was over, and the process of marching and balling necessary tothe
orderly withdrawal of the class had begun. |
Miss Haucu was dusting ami rearranging
the bttlo collection of curiosities. Several
stuffed birds and well-Ailed trays of coins j
bad been removed from tlio cabinets and
placed ou the back settees, which bad not
been iu use during the lesson.
Whilo she marched slowly along in hor
place, Kathy saw Jennie Randall reach
quickly toward an open .-us-) containing a
little heap of dlngy-lookiug coins of diBcr-
ent sizes. Jennie missed her mark, glanced
backward at Kathy, shrugged her shoulders,
sbo-.ved her empty Angers and laughed.
in a few moments Kathy was opposite the
box in her turn. With the idea of trying
to accomplish the tiling which Jennie bad
failed in, sho stretched out her band toward
tho uncovered case. Under tho very eyes
uf tbe singing tcachor.sho seized,undetected,
the thick black coin which her lingers first
touched, and carried it to her side with a
sense of triumph.
At the door sho had an instant's opportunity to speak to Jennio,
1 did it, f did it I" Kathy whispered,
showing tho coin.   "Here���take it,"
But Jennio Bhook her head. "I don't
want it," she said laughing.
" I am sure I don't. What shall I do J
with It V
"Oh, anything ; put it back at recess." ,
Kathy consigned the coin to her pocket
and went to her recitation.
" Come with mo to tho chapel," sho said
to Jennie, when tho noon bull had struck
and they were free. "I am so afraid I
shall forget this. I want to put it whero I
found it." i
The two friends walked away together,
talking confidentially and laughing much,
lint Kathy's laughter soon ended.
Miss nance had finished her work, tho.
collection was back lu its place, and tho
cabinet doors locked fast.
" What shall I do?" asked Kathy, look-
iug at her unwelcome possession and turning pale. "I can't give it back to Miss
Hancc ; there wouldn't be anything to say."
"Of course there wouldn't; don't think
of it. Wait until the things are out again
nnd put it with them then. It won't be so
very long, perhaps."
" Oh, I can't, I can't ! It may be months
and I couldn't keep it all that time. Why,
it isn't mine 1 Itis stealing,"shesaid, nearly in tears.
" Why, no it isn't stealing !" cried
Jennie, " Von didn't take it to keep, Wait
until to-morrow moruiiigaud I will think ot
a way to get it back. I'll find the key,
inaybo, and after breakfast I'll toll you
what to do."
fn spite of this assurance Kathy was un-
comforted. Hhe went about ull day long
wilh the coin a, lump of remorse at tho bottom of her pocket, Si ill .Jennie's cheering
premise helped her to bear up, .She bad
unbounded faith in her friend's ability. Her
own idea would have been to return tho
coin am! confess. Hut Jennie thought this
a stupid course nf action, to bo employed
only by a girl with no brilliant gift at getting out of a corner.
Next morning that promise which had
heen Kathy's hope was not fulfilled. As tho
girls left tbe breakfast-room Jennie slipped
a small paper iuto her band,
"I can't do it,-' tho paper said : "I think
Miss H��� carries the key with hor. if I
wero you I would let it roll uniicr the
cabinet, and then tbey will find it. Nellie
Wiles told me au elegant riddle : ' What is
the difference between Shakespeare and
Queen Elizabeth';' One is a HV-.tdur and tbe
other a '/'inlor. It's liko counting���one, two.
Good-by."
Kathy saw littio of Jennio that day.
Through apparent Inattoutiou iu ono of
their classes thy girls wero forbidden to
speak to each other. Thus Kathy was
tax own upon her own resources.
' I can't let it roll away," sho thought,
walking forlornly up and down tho hall.
" They might never find it; it (night bo
swept up or something, and then it would
be stealing for me. 1 ought to go straight lo
Doctor Kgertonand tell him about it. That
would bo tho very hardest, and that is
what I deserve to do."
As she turned again sho paused. Doctor
I'igertou himself was approaching her.
Kathy cast horaelf upon bur impulse
" Doctor Egerton, may I speak to you
for a minute V" she asked with a thumping
heart which almost smothered her words.
She sought the coin in her pocket, In another minute she would have told him the
whole,
ro van not out of order in being here
at this hour, hflsa Ward':" ho aaaed, se-
vcriy. |
" Yes, sir," was all that she could say.
" Then select a different time to ask a
favor of me.    Go now lo your class-room."
Kathy hurried away in mortification too
loop even for tears. She entered the classroom with lagging steps, aud received an
unheeded reprimand for her tardiuess. As
she scaled herself sho caught sight of Jennio
Randall's face, as pretty and rosy a3 ever,
smiling pointedly in her direction. The
ghost of a nod accompanied the smile���
perhaps something encouraging ha 1 happened !
It was even so. At the lirst opportunity
Jennie banded Kathy a second note :
"I havo thought ot a way, after all.
Take the coin to Miss Hauce and present it
to the school. .She need never know whero
you got It, and she can put it in tho cabinet herself."
All the weight which bad rested on
Kathy's heart through the morning seemed
to roll away as she read. Without au instant's hesitation -he askod and obtained
permission to spoak to Miss Hancc. In a
abort time the ha Led coin lay upon that
lady's desk under her near-sighted eyes.
" Why, thank ynu, Kathy," she said,
warmly. "I urn always delighted to ro-
oeive contributions for the museum, There
is especially a great deal to be learned from
coins, and we have only a few. Are you
interested iu them'! Do you know about
thia oner Hot Well, 1 will find out all
about it for you, and It shall lie by itself
in the cabinet with its description on a card,
1 am going very soon to arrange all our
coins so, but us yut 1 huve not bad time.
Wo will begin with yours, and your name
will go upou the roll of honor with those of
the contributors."
Here was au unforeseen horror ! "Oh,
please, Miss Hauco," Kathy said, with
quickly changing color, "I think that I
should rather not be thanked, nor bo upou
tho roll ot honor.    1���I don't deserve it.''
"Why, of course you do, dear," answered Miss Bancs, kindly. "It is tlio only
acknowledgement which wo can make for a
valuable gift, Here is Doctor Bgerton, Ho
Will  be able to  tell us about It.    Doctor
Egerton, {Catherine Ward has presented us
with a coin for the cabinet���a Roman one,
I should think, although I cauuot tell
more without tlio glass."
Sho handed it to the doctor, who examined it carefully. A thrill of terror ran
through Kathy's nerves, If he should recognize it! Although he did not, his next
question reduced her to a condition nearly
desperate,
"Where did you got it?" he asked.
"From���from a collection," she managed
to stammer.
"is the collection for sale." be askod
iut ending to put her more at hor oaso. Tho
timid "No, sir,*'with which she answered
lllm was barely audiolc. So bo only closed
the interview with an opinion that tho coin
was of tlio time of Antiochus tho Syrian
and thanked hor iu his turn for the gilt.
These undeserved thanks had a sharper
sting for the sensitive girl than even ihe
fear of discovery. It seemed to her that
sho had never tust-.-d misery until now.
As the days.passed, Kathy's relief at being freed from the coin changed to a settled
uuhappiness over her manner of disposing
of it. Finally, upon the day when she was
informud that her name was upon the roll
of honor, she found her situation unbearable.
Thero was no use in appealing to Jennie for
sympathy, for Jennie treated the whole
thing as uu excellent joke.
Thert-fore Kathy acted ouoo more upon
her own impulse Doctor Egerton, at work
iu his study that afternoon, was surprised
by the sight of her little figure following a
determined knock which ho had Imagined
was that of tho most brisk of his teachers.
With Hushed cheeks, with tearful eyes,
but without an Instant's pause, she told to
the ond her story of her own performance,
though she spared Jennie entirely.
Doctor Egerton sat silently for a few loug
minute*,, still looking straight before him as
wink- she had been speaking. Then ho
arose and offered her his baud wilh tbeso
astounding words:
"1 am proud to know you, my child;
you have a good conscicuce 1"
As Kathy closed the door in leaving, sho
caught a It ashing glimpse of Doctor Kgerton
sealed again at his desk. To her surprise
he seemed to be laughing. But this was
one of those occasions when it is not possible to believe oue's eyes, Kathy was sure
that hers were mistaken.
" U ho says it was my conscience, I sup-
poao it must have been/' she decided, thinking over tho interview; "but conscience
isn't a still, small voice. I shall tell Aunt
Oetuviu. Conscience is when you know you
must I"
A Night with Lions,
Tho lighting of large firos when encamped in game countries has gcucrnlly bcuu
regarded as a, sure moans of preventing tbe
attacks of wild animals ; but this is not
nlways (he case. A correspondent of the
Field in Mashonaland gives an account of a
night with lions in July last. Before going
to sleep the fires bad boon carefully made
up. At 1.15 (says the writer) 1 woke, and
as the tires were all a bit low I made them
up afresh, especially the centre one, walked
round the horses, aud then got into my
blanket again. Just as I lay down I beard
a gruut, and said to I),, who was alongside
of me, " Listen ; was that a lion, or was it
one of the horses t" Wo sat up, and just
as we did so a lioness lauded alongside,
and took a native who was sleeping at a lire
just by us, dragging him off into the grass.
D. and 1 were up iu a secoud, and roused
everyone. I only had a shotgun with me,
loaded with buckshot, und I fired both barrels into the beast's face. One old native
was wonderfully calm, and kept telling us
everything tho lion was doing. After wo
got some torches alight we went- up to the
lioness, and three bullets through her made
her let thu native go, and ahe made nil',
The native was fearfully mauled, aud died
next morning. The lioness did not go away
but hung round tho fires, keeping under
cover, and there appeared to have been two
well-oi'OWn cubs with her. I got the natives up a tree, so as to gob them out of the
way (they ure awful cowards), made more
fires, and wo all stood prepared,
Suddenly another lion came churning ot
to thc horses, right through the fires, and
jumped ou to the back of a horse���which
promptly bolted right through tho picket
rope, breaking it���and seven out of thu
fourteen stampeded into tho veldt. It was
impossible to go after them, Shortly after
this tbe old lioness camu back aud took a
saddle, which was near one of tho fires, and
tore it to shreds, The beasts kept round
ami round ns, but did not molest us any
further. - As soon as it was light enough to
get a sight of one's rille, six of us went out.
I saw my lemur go oil'on aline and followed. Marked down a small patch of grass,
where nut popped tbe liiuens, uujug strong.
I gave hct both barrels, buckshot, at twenty
yards, and nil' she wont, wo following in
full cry. A'���.tiefurther on she crouched
in Bomo grass, out of which wc roused her,
Shu charged at us, but a bullet through
her shoulders sent her about. Wo were oil
ugain iu full cry, whim she stopped short
and came at us again ; but a bullet through
her head dropped her. It was ono of the
finest pieces of sport I ever took part in,
though my share was poor, as I only hail
the shot-gun which 1 bad taken out for
bird shooting. In the course of tho day we
recovered all the horses, to find ono vorj
badly clawed and three others slightly.
The second night we built n very strong
kraal, and the hon returned and scratched
on the outside, but could not got in.
He was a sawyer ; blind iva   ho,
That was his only Haw ;
And, though none ever saw him sec,
Many have seen him saw.
Emma (who has over ��20,000 a year of
her own)���"Do you think, Emmie, that he
loves mo for myself alone?" Fanny (win
has had experience���"Yes, indeed! O
course, be cannot marry your money without you, and I really think ho would u
snnn love you with it, and that is a vorj
pjSjioaate sorb of love���for a man "
MADAGASOAK'S UAPITAL.
A  flail-Isiii-n-  Cltr   of   European    A-.ii.tI
Evolved 1 in iu it In** u ti.Mr'isv
nuii Wattle.
Any ono who has read of Madagascar's
progress has heard of the Rev. James Sib-
Me, who for thirty years has been Identified wilh missionary work there. He has
now returned to England from Autanuna-
>, thc capital, and has given tothe Royal Geographioal Society aa account of Madagascar civilization. He describes the capital of thn Hova kingdom, a town which
thirty yeurs ago contained only huts of
straw aud mud, and tbe place where nun*
dreds of Ghristiaus wero killed during the
heathen persecutions, To-day the capital
is far advanced in civilization, and contains
hundreds of fine stone and brick build
ings.
Antananarivo stands upon a long hill (100
feet above tbe valleys that surround it. It
was tbe old custom in Madagascar to build
all towns upon eminences, in order that
thoy might be moro easily defended. Tho
hill is covered with houses from summit to
base, aud hundreds of structures are perched upon its si es on terraces cut into the
rock. Ou one side of tbe hill is the precipice whero in 1840 hundreds of Malagasy
Christians were hurled to death because
tbey refused to disavow their belief in
Christianity. Rood making is very difficult
becauso the bare rock almost everywhere
comes to the surface,
A silly law was once in foroe. No build
fug of stono or clay was permitted within
the limits of thu town. The houses of the
nobles and wealthy people woro of massive
timbor, roofed with wooden shingles or
thatch. Fires, tiierofore, woro of frequent
occurrence. When the Quocn and her
Government aoueptcd Christianity hi IStiH
this foolish law was ropealcd, and the old
timber houses havo now almost wholly
given place tn sttucturcs of brick or stone,
i'hc building art was revolutionized when
Mr. Sibree and other missionaries erected
in siouo the martyr muiuorial churches.
Tho city now contains several thousands of
good two and three story houses and many
public buildings. Tho residences of some
of tho wealthier peoplo havo spacious vor-
1ns with pillars of moulded brick or uf
stone with carved capitals. Not a few
buildings nre still unfinished, and an aspect
of neatness and tidiness is lacking. Still,
when the visitor remembers that the present town bus been evolved from u heathen
settlement of straw and wattle ho wonders
that the Hova people have mado such pro-
gross.
Among the prominent, buildings are tho
royal palaces, tho largest of which, a threc-
story timber structure, is surrounded with
a great iHono verunda and arches strengthened with corner towers. Then there is
thu iiumeuso stone and brick palace of the
Prime Minister, who is also the Queou's
husband, and handsome residences of nobles
and high officers. The High Court of Justice is quite imposing with its Ionic columns,
aud has the appearance of a Greek temple.
The spires or tuwors of tho religious and
educational buildings are seen from along
distance and add much to tho beauty of the
city.
Tlni3 the capital of tho Malagasy has bo-
oouio a respootable city. The missionaries
there aud in other townsof the llova nation
are teaching 100,000 children in their
schools, and it is these missionaries who
havo wrought the wonderful change in
Madagascar, Thoy have lifted a unco ignorant and semi-barbarous people lo the
position of an enlightened and Christian
nation. Nowhere in the world has tha good
of missionary work been more strikingly
manifested than in Madagascar.
The Government has never taken a
census, but Mr. Sibree and bis frionds have
counted tlio buildiugB iu the city and made
Inquiry as to the average number of occupants. They think the city contains ubout
100,000 Inhabitants, There are often many
strangers in tho capital, as people coins
from all parts of the island on Government
business, bringing tribute to the Queen and
receiving orders from her. The name Antananarivo means "at the town of it thousand." The city is tho heart of Madagascar. Officers and soldiers are sent from it
to garrison all Iho ports on tho coast and
important towns in the interior. Every
week thousands ofbooksand periodicals are
distributed from Antananarivo all over tho
country. Hero native doctors, surgeons,
nurses, schoolmasters and evangelists aro
taught and then sent away to other parti of
the kingdom to carry on tbe good works tho
white man has brought into tbe great island.
Queer Trades iu Russia,
Russia has many queer trades of whioh
we know nothing.
Along the Volga there are colonies who
make a specialty of breeding und raising
cats, which are sold for the fur, and which
are usually disponed ot to pedlars. The cuts
bring from Bix cents lo twelve cents apiece,
and the podlar collects them iu a hag. kills
thorn as soon as he gets away from the villages iu which they have been bought, and
takes off their skins, which aro shipped by
him to the fur coutrcs of the empire.
In a village not far from tho home of Tolstoi, hi Tula, there are eighty families who
do nothing else but raise canaries, und in
Tambofl' there isa section where pigeons aro
bred for the ������������ike of their skins, which aro
sold at the weekly bazaars, and at tho fairs.
The feathers are, of course, left on the skins
aud tbey eventually form a part of some
lady's cloak or bat,
Along the banks of the Volga, at every
station at which tbe boats stop, tbe peasants
come tu thc wharves with their wares for
sale. At Kazan ragged, bare-headed, barelegged Tartars trot around with long bars
of what looks like bcuswax for sale, but
winch is really a soap which is much noted
in Russia. Horu aia to bo found also all
sorts of leather manufactures, from boots
and slippers made of little pieces of different-colored leather sewed together to
leather coats and travelling-bags,
When in Russia, some time ago, I bought
a shawl in Moscow, whioh was so largo that
it would cover the biggest double-bed, aud
bo fiue that it would go through a lady's
ring. It was made by the peasants of Orenburg, and was of the kind known na ring-
shawls. These shawls ure made entirely by
band, the line lace Work of these Russiau
peasants licing wonderful.
Tho velvets madu by them are noted all
over Kuropo, acme of tliciu bringing $5 a
yard.
Gnu of tho most curious Bights of the
Russian streets is tbe hck pu-ilar, who walks
about with his breast and back covurcd with
locks, whicli ure hung by Btrings over mi
shoulders, and this making of locks is ona
of tbe great nousatlt industries. Tho Incks
are nearly all made by hand, and thoy aro uf
all sorts ami shapes, ami uf all prices, from
a cent up to 9C, Some of them are so small
that it takes u hundred to mako a pound,
Uld Others so largo that tbey would drown
a cat if ono Wal tied around its nock and 'twas throM n into a pond,
The greater portion uf tho candles used
in Russia aro mado in houses and not in
largo factories ; hi fact tho house industry
of RuBsia seems to surpass that of tbe factories. It is estimated that there are 7,
fiOO.OOO workmen iu Russia who make things
.it their own homes, and one authority states
that theso people turn out $7,500,000,000
worth of goods every year. These peoplo
in many cases peddle their goods themselves,
and in somo iustanccs they work for tho
factories,
A Poor Mathematician-
" Yob," said tho societj   lady, at a swell
affair tbe other evening, " I've orossed tho
Atlantic Ocean cicveu times."
Tlio smart young man adjusted his eye-
-lass, uud said ;
" Ah ! Burn in England, Is.ipposo V
'' No, indeed I Why do you ask?"
" Because, if you were burn in thia conn-
ry and had crossed the ocean eleven limes,
ou'd be on tho other side  now, don'tchor
;no\v."
Tho lady  figured a moment on the tipi
if her pretty thijjcrs, blushed violently, anil
iled /
e
MAN'S INGENUITY'.
An Itemized History of Engineering From
the Earliest AgeB.
Remarkable Work* Frolected fears ago
but Ite��-t'ntl> I'umplctcil.
The Romans built the first- dykes in Holland.
In ISSO thero were 8814 light bouses in
.be world.
The lirst coast light in the United States
was iu 1073.
Tho first Eddystone light house wa3 erected iu 1758.
Asphalt pavements wero first laid in Paris
in 1854.
Tho diainoud drill is pointed with black
diamonds.
The total cost of the Suez Canal exceeded
JE--,(t,00>,0IH>.
A tunnel between Dover and Calais was
proposed in ISO*?.
Military engineers were formerly called
trench mastore.
Tho Loudon Bowago is curried fourteen
miles down tho river.
Tho great Niagara suspension bridge was
opened in I Mi''.
Over fifty miles of pneumatic tubes are
now used in London.
The Stones .if the Pyramids were moved
into place on rollers.
The New Aiiio aqueduct at Rome was
liity-thrc: miles long.
Much of the London sewage is now converted into fertiliser.
The two bridges of Xerxes had .'iti'i and
314 boats respectively.
There are many stone bridges in China
dating from 1000 It. 0.
The Itritaunia tuhular bridgu was begun
in 1840, finished 1800,
The lirst tunnel iu Kugland was made
near Manchester iu 17011.
Tho modern svetom ot fortification was
adopted about 1500.
The embankment of tho Thames was encouraged by James I.
The earliest mining schools woro established in Saxony about 151)0.
Chain and Cable suspension bridges antedate tho Christian era.
Tho main drainage pipes of London arc
eighty-two miles long.
The Paris Bowers are tho largest and most
completo m the world.
The Phoenicians were the first to employ
engineers to fortify cities.
The Simplnn road, from Switzerland to
Italy, was built hy Napoleon's engineers iu
1807 ; over 40(000 workmen were employed
at one time.
Thc length of the Tay bridge, which fell,
1879, was 10,019 feet, QQ feet above Wator
level, S3 spans. Tho new Tay bridge was
begun iu I8S2.
One of the first tunnels in thc United
States was on the Alleghany Portage Kail-
road in Pennsylvania. It was 900 feet long
and finished in 18*11.
Of the whole length of the Suez Canal,
sixty-six miles are cuttings, fourteen wero
made by dredging through the lakes, and
eight miles required no labour.
The Sue/ Canal, the greatest work of
marine engincoring, is eighty-eight miles
long, and reduces the distance frum Europe
to India, from 11,370 miles to Tii.'S miles.
The auger that, bores a square bole consists ofa screw auger iu a sharp tube the
corners of which are sharpened from within
and us the auger advances cuts tho round
hole sipmre.
The most famous wooden bridge was built
at Schaffliausen in.1757, by Qrubenmann,
an illiterate carpenter, it had tw i wooden
arches with spans of 103 and 172 feet respectively.
Utility of H?p:i.j-n.n
(1) In tho forepart of .1 line last I was trying experiments in hypnotism in Queen's
Park, this city. My experiments included
foot racing, lu answer to my request to
have him run, a gentleman said, "I can not ���
to-night my foat arc too sore with corns." I !
assured Itlm if hypnotized he would not feel
them. II ��� then complied wilh my request I
and ran iu two races without feeling hoio. |
It then occurred lu me that it was possible '
to cure them by hypnotism. I asked ' -u to I
come to my home the next night fur that
purpose, lie did. I hypnotized him and
then by suggestion only I cured the corns.
Ho has not felt them since.
C-'i The same nriu since had his loft
hand cut. The cut began at the root of tho ;
index finger and oxtouded diagonally j
iuto-h the palm uf the hand. In the even- ���
lug of thu same day of the accident be came
to my house to soo if 1 could cure it. The cut
was deop and the hand so sore and mill tint
he could not bend Ins lingers. 1 hypnotized
him and iu one and half minutes by suggestion took all the soreness and stilfuoss out
ut the baud and lingers. He could then use
tbe baud and lingers as freely as before the
accident. After dchypnotizing him it remained as mentioned and the cut Itself
A 0URI0U3 AD7EHTUHE.
Br-.li-:;I'd it- Unl-nun* ��>n Ihe Islauil of IIin-
tlanau.
While Baruuni and Poropaugh have occasionally despatched au agent to India or Africa in search of some particular curiosity,
and while tbe same may be said of two or
three showmen in England and Franco,
nearly all the elephants, lions, tigors, giraffes, serpents, hippos, rhinoceroses, leopards,
panthers, and hyenas are purchased direct
from the great animal house m Hamburgh.
For tho li-st fifty years a firm composed of
father aud three sons have made it a business to capture and sell wild animals. It
has sometimes had as many as eight different parties in tho field at once, and it has
nevor had less than three. In July, 18GH,
for instanoe, thia bouse had on band for
shipment $200,000 worth of live animals,
and among them were twelve tine elephants.
I have seen seven ships in tho port of Hamburg at one time whicli bad more or leas
cargo for the house. It owns three vessels
which are always in commission, and has
agentsat various point3 in India, Africa,
South America, and Australia.
It is of tho expedition to Mindanao Island
I am going to tell you about. It is ono of
tbe Philippine--, and lies about .'100 miles
northeast of Borneo. One day in tho year
IHfiS an American sailor, who gave his nemo
as Thomas .Jepp, arrived in Hamburg on an
English sailing ship which bad come direct
The moment wc started for the bead
there was a grand rush and a terrific fight
over the spoils. As the sounds of the con
tlict came down to us it sseint'-l as if I ml
the mob would be killed before it was over
A few were killed and a score or more badly
used up, as we afterward discovered, hut
tho row did not last long. Kvery cake was
speedily devoured, and the barrel was not
only emptied ol its contents, but the very
first captive we made as we returned waa a
big baboon at the bottom of the barrel.
Wo waited about thirty minutes before
moving up, and such a sight us that glade
afforded was never seen before or since. The
ground was covered with the animals.
Some were lying down iu deep stupor;
others sat up and winked and blinked in a
solemu way; others still staggered like
drunken men as they moved about. Wc
could choose and pick from the lot, and in
the course of halt an hour we had our full
hundred safely caged. None of them fully
recovered under two hours, and those who
bad eaten and drunk tho most wore five or
six hours getting over it. We had' em all on
ship-board before there was any trouble.
My plan w,.s to cross the China Sea and run
up tho Gulf of Siam and secure other curiosities, but it was ueoessary that we refill
some ol our water casks. Half a milo to
the east of the glade whore we had caj. hired the baboons was a fine spring, and I
wont u-'lmre about 3 o'clock in tbe afternoon
to see if tbe casks could be rolled up hi it
from Singapore.   Jepp had will,  for I '�� "*' ��� btTl>""',' l������ "SI""- rhe spring
sale a species of monkey, the like ol whleh ; h"���>'\ ��l> from llw hase of a rooky ledge,
none of US had over met with  before,    It ��� ""''.M,[ 'Ir"��k ���* lh's 8F"'"�� ��''�� ^ ' 1>"��
was about half the sixe of J""'0,01' "?, "10"th �� a 0UV0 "bou'   ,"",lva
foot from t IC ground.
a FoXT, oaows lioniu.A, |   My going asnoro was on the day follow-
but It was neither a gorilla, ape, baboon,   "'8 our raid.    Our captured animals wore
chimpanzee, nor any other species that eve- ��V1"lk? a��a.fl"i"��> ��"? w0 J*" J"*"*"1
oame Into the house. It wai spotted like a ��o'hlng torn those on shore, though they
leopard, the Inside of it, hands (feet) w��� | were gwicra ly very noisy throughout the
Belli Colored I its tail was unusually long, "">*���, ' t���,,k wltl* ",0 " ''Orman cavalry
and it differed in many other respeot! from | oarblneand 0 revolver, and as the boat left
anything we bad before captured. The | ��'" ���� '!** ���".���� " "turned to the ship for
sailor wanted a big price for the animal and
the information as to where It came from.
The bouse was always on its guard against
trickery, but two circumstances occurred to
luvor the sallur.    A naturalist who must
have boon muddled with drink inspected
the animal and declared it something now   u,       ,,   t,10 ,orMt     _        , ,
and consequently valuable   and an I'.nglish   ?r8atu���olj ���, llaboon, wm blM��� ���,��� ������d
showman who was in Hamburg oflerod a big   *,    heacb
the first of the casks. It was about HOO
feet up to tho spring, and hy clearing out
a few small trees I saw that the casks could
bo rolled both ways. I was on my way
back from tbe spring when I heard
a SUDDEN kisii
through
walk into your restaurant, slaud before you,
Mil        ti ��� n       i r    i*   <i     . HUlh, iiiiu ti'in luii'Hin oiiimmjiuicviiii, ,
Iho H-uu-mg Gardens of Babylon were     d -my I want to nee you for a minute,
terraces planted with trees I T,1CU , ^      ont on U|0 Jtreet and        wU,
������    a*. r ��� -i       ��� 1J.11B11 j. wui go one on tne street ana yon
Ihetirst society of elvU engineers was  foIlow m . Rfter faiUng to flnd mo y0ll wiU
formed iu Loudon, 1703.
I return to the restaurant."
Clegg and Samuda, in is.'iS, patented the !    "Instantly the clock indicated 12.80, ho
first pneumatic railroad. ' suddenly moved his chair hack   about four
Nearly 100 different machines have been   feet and  remarked to  tlio person (a gentle-
They had gathered without
noiso, and there were hundreds of them. I
was not alarmed until I saw that they did
not intend to give way. As I moved forward they stood their ground and assumed
belligerent attitudes. There was no screaming and chattering, and this made tho case
.   , i- ���      i    - i . ���     moro menacing.     It seemed as if they had
ihat-ny expedition had ever been sent to   p|MMdtolia"oitOUt with me before the
thc Philippines, and an old German work JM   lmd bcen ^      ^   ,        d     ,h(,
on natural history declared that there were ; ,cf' bl|t ,..      hmM       off j        d
many strange and unknown animals in that, th> d ���t lnd'       ]ltmM ,      T|
group.   Ihe sailor claimed to have bought | ,)rj   ^ ,inohoml ��,���,.,,������������, 0,, ���lilo
price for the curiosity aud wanted to book
an order for five others.
There is scheming in tbe animal trade as
well as in all others. Men arc continually
searching tor something rare or ncv, and
when found they try to keep a "corner " on
it.   The rocords oi the house did not show
the monkey from the Captain of a trading
ipty
d a
away,   aud at this time the boat was along-
.    ,   ,;. 1-.       i   ���       ���.; i ",tT"j-   "un ��"��� t-iiio nine nn" uoaL was aioni
rani-* Singapore, and after being pad   ���ide ���,������,, Thev might hear me if I shoo
JIM for his pot aud his ,nform, ion    Id . B, _ mM   �� ^M, to make ont my
that the animal was captured ou the Boutli i_     -m.. j  _-.i.. ,
coast of Mindanao Island, and that hundred
invented for boring rock,
Some of the cranes now usod in artillery
works will raise 150 tons,
The Germans were the first to employ gun-
powder for blasting rock.
The invention of the diamond drill revolutionized the art of mining,
man detailed to watch the result of the suggestion) al his side:
"What does be want here?''
���' Who?"
"Hodgson.'*
"He is not here."
Why,yea he is; don't you see him stand-
The Aqua Claudia bad thirty-six miles of "'B thero without bat or coat.    What is he
its course through tunnels. doing down here without his hat or coat.''
The Prussians   wore tho first to divide J net then U. \V. prooee-led to get up, wiieii
their pontons into compartments. tho gentleman referred to and tho proprietor
Tho Fribourg,   Switzerland,   suspension of the restaurant requested bun to finish his
bridge, has a span of S70 feet. ''inch.    He replied :
Each tube of the Britannia tubular bridge '    " ffo' lie Wft,lta to acome ahoui somo
is over a quarter of a mile long.
thing."
Then: are over seventy miles of tunnels 1    Thoy persuaded him to sit down.    The
cut in the solid rock of Gibraltar. gentleman ou watch thinking the export-
The lirst large iron bridge in the world   ment   was over   took   his departure,    At
was built over the Severn in 1777. 12.32 0. W. was standing on tho   street
The Mout Ceuis road was constructed by   corner looking around as  if in search of
Napoleon's "engineers In 1806, some one when a second gentleman who
I he I)cmtmrk dikes have stood the storme   was present when tho suggestion was given
of more than seven centuries. appeared.     Ho approached O. SV. and call-
Tho Chicago water tunnel extends two   ed him by name,    N'o answer.     He then
miles into the lake, finished in Im'7. took him  by thc arm, shook him, and re-
The mariner's compass was known to tbe   peated bis name, whon tbe following dia-
ChincHo as early as B.C. 1115, loguo touk place :
For extensive ventilation engineers pro-1     " Do you see Hodgson anywhere !"
fur exhausting to blowing fans. I     " No, hois not here."
The obelisks of Egypt were raised  into,     "Yes, lie is around hero some place for be
place by inst rumcuts like our cranes, and went out of tlio restaurant together
In It. C. 'Uts the  Romans mado a tunnel   and be wants to see mc for something."
0000 leet long to drain Lake Albanus. 1     " Never mind, come and aee the proces-
Submarine blasting was first employed at  sion." (It was a I'Jtb of Jutv procession re
Hell, I into, N. V., in 1851, hy Maillefert.     .forredto.}
Many of tho most extensive fortifications j    " No, I won't; I am going back."
in France were devised by Vauban. I    He returned to the restaurant and was
llubber ponloufl wero used by the United   again iu his normal state,
.States army in the Mexican War. |    Tho psychic know nothing of the sugges-
Pnoumatlo tubes are now in use in most Hon being given until after its execution
telegraph and newspaper offices. nor doe? be know now uf cither the BUggCD-
1 ii tbe Lackawanna coal mines the aver-   tion or its execution only on the evidence uf
ago monthly boring Is over 1)000 feet. those who were present when it was given.
Cleopatra's Needle was taken from Egypt I     At thc time I gave thc suggestion I bad
to Kugland In a vessel built rutind it. ' neither bat nor coat on, and it was in that
Tho Colossus of Rhodes was cast in over \ way I appeared to thn psychic though as a
a hundred nieces and tilted together. matter of fact I was differently dressed and
Tho  United  States maintains lights on   in another part of tho city, .it a consider-
9059miles of coast and river navigation.       ; able distance, when the suggestion was he-
Pasloy, ii��lS'l0, was the first to fire several ing fulfilled.--Jos. HonasOK, in   Toronto
blasts at ouco, hy using electricity. ' Truth.    Nov, 20th, \W2.
Loveos wero erected by tho   Babylonians . ���	
ami Egyptians, described by Herodotus. .    m.   ��_ ..   v ...   aUtM
The Holland dikes are protected by  fas- The SoD* the K'3ttlfl SmS*
chics of willow aud other tall brushwood.       Sweet are tlio aontf-* by lovers sung
Millions of dollars  havo boon saved  by      As thej-ihe old. old ���jlorv tell,
,-������ ,���-,. i_ .1 ,     ,.       .    ,,'   ,   *  And sweet the croon the boos among
dynamite in the construction ot railroads.     -vTho B-ovor bhmaii anA BnpUmloi.
Tho central span of the St. Louts bridge ' And glad tin- note-t llicskylark', trill
is M0 feet, thc sido spans 5lu feet each,      I   -At dawn upon their bueyuil wing,
Some  of   the  concrete   blocks   in   th. PlJJi^.^^.fJL.-Uw
Victoria docks,  London,  tvciclit 350 tons 1
...t, I.
, , ,     ,    i -      ..    .      , ,      .       ,       ���, growing liercor every moment, and as thev
could bo had for the trouble of capturing ! IJ^^ forwl)r|, , ^ ^ M"
.lust at that tunc a rival bouse had opened        ��� juHt ^ >
for business at Havre, and so au exped tion   >,,��� numb'jr ���, ^,, ""
was Ii ted cut as score ly and as rapidly as      whj,   j t,      ���  ; ,���  .    ,       .
po.slbe. A berth in  he brig was offered to I ]mi, llearil the "���������,, Ja '������ M      \
the sailor, but ho declined it on tho ground u,   rrali,cd ���     j ���,������," llre '������
that lie wanted to return home    We sailed    |        ��d     k   y      , 'frightening
from Hamburg with a crew of twelve men,    , ���    T|      h j ,       ,        J       J
and, asido from our water and provisions,
thc only cargo we bad was a lot of ready-
made cages.
to the spring wheu I lifted my carbine and
fired seven bullets into them as fast as I
could pall a trigger.    The big bullets creat,
11 was a good many months before I came j ^ ^ ^^ ;-, ^ ,lflavy-Jflport8 Irj ht
e   tnea   mat   ���������,- (i._ ���tlimni~ fn- n  ,������,���������.   -,..* u .������,
nnderstaud   the   Yankei
Yankee had played on the bouse.    It wus
simply   an   o
monkey tribe
the mountain range of the Malay peninsula,
and had been brought to Singapore from
Pahang. As for the rest it had heen doctored by the sailor with dyes secured from a
ened the animals for a moment, but it was
be attacked
on three
up tothe ledge, and
now tbey were growling,
BITBIKIUXB, AHD  CIlATriiltlSU
in a way to create an awful din.    It was
played on the house.    It WBB    w h thftt j ^        b
overgrown   specimen   of   the   Uhin a shwt time.    Tbey were
efcund along the foothills of -,^8 of meas I backed up to the
each,
The engineers of Xerxes, II. C. -ISO, built
a bridge of boats across the Hellespont.
One of the bridges of the Antioch mjue-
duet is 700 feet long and over 200 feet high.
The Cloaca Maxima, tho first groat sewer
in Rome, wns built by Tanpiin, IJ. C. iiSS,
How strongoly come to us again
Tlio pleanaut scenes of other days,
The happy Koiih-ii moments when
We went our-iiiniilc, eliiltiish wnyn!
When all llfo'Bjourney lay before
And gaily bnokoni-d ih wilh wmite*
Ere we hail left our father's door
To go the many weary mill-.
Thore by tlio broad, deep lire-place wit
Thoagod ones with itlvoretj hair;
AcHH- each fiii'u the Hushes Hit
And faded ehoekfl grow flUBnedand fair;
And Htraugely mingle Bmllo nmi (ear
An memory In tondnoM brings
Tho old, old days, and while ihey hoae
The low, Bweotdong the kottle sings,
The measuring compass was invented by
Jost lling, of Hesse Cassell, about lfi0-\
Roebliug's railway blltlge, at Niagara,
has a span of S*il feet, with ."i!) feet deflection.
Pontoon bridges, with copper pontoons,
woro invented by the French about 1872.
At the beginning of tho eighteenth century, ull European armies had pontoon
trains.
The weight required to crush a square
inch of brick varies from 1200 to 4500
pounds.
Cunler's chain, used   in measuring laud.
was Invented by BdmnndOuntor in 1(100.
The groat aqueduct which supplied Carthage with water woe seventy miles long,
There was a  imidheval association  of on-! Ami gruini'" wlit. Ii my care beguile.,
ginecrs   called    the    " Urethral-    of   tho     CunH^buiibliug up from yunthfulsprlng
B.i.1.. ti i Atut wh fliJi-i1-; frum lint peaceful 1-dcrt
, ,   \���    r,   ,     , Am in llie fong the kettlo KinK-.
I no Ot. Qotharu   tunnel   is  nine  and a
quartor milea  long; begun,   1S70 ; opened i Would you bis-nnn* a vouili a^aln
feai "      "    ' '   '        I    )nek ut that dear old homo once moro 1
',,,,    J.     lX    ,     ,  Tradoall Uiu irUdunt-"	
Iho MmotLedgo light boitio is of granite,     -	
height UN feet, the lower 40 feet being solid.
A pneumatic dispatch tube 80 iuohes in
diiimeter wns laid down in Loudon in 1801,
A light Biiipooslon bridge was built at
Niagara Falls iu   ISIS,   and   removed  in
is;-1.
In A. 1). 10") Trajan built a magnificent
stone bridge across the Danube 4770 feet
loii��.
The Brooklyn suspension bridge is ")Sfl2
The embora throw their ruddy Bloam
On clilltli -h ili-iii���-��������� blithe itinl free
That watch tho cliniii-ing glow, nmi droii
uf wontlorous thlnntnatnro to be,
Tlio future DllOglnd chlmo of bellri-
Of golden bolls, dope over rings.
I Aud through tholr music strangoly well
Tlio low, BWOOt t'Otig 1 ho kettle singu.
j o, all the joys m�� heart line known
And nil Mia hopes of those to bo
Within the lii'llli'Hg.-nlli-lono
elome.
Mnv bive fui-cliiltlhuol rt hipny lore f
i), would you reel the niui-uing dew
Of re-it upon life's tired wiug-t.'
Then dream with ma and listen io
The low. BWeotsong the kettle singe,
- [Nixon Watorntat
_��� _.
How to Increase the OirouUtloo,
"I wish I could strike some plan by which
I could double my circulation," remarked
feet long, 15t55 feet central span and 185
fool. high.
There are eighty in lies of tunnels in Great
Britain, their total coal exceeding ,Cti,500.-
000.
A tunnel under tho Thames was proposed
in 17!li); the present tunnel was finished in
1848.
The Ernst August tunnel in the Harts!
mines is nine miles long, and the water it
drains from the mines is used for transput*
ration.
Tne Languedot,- Ship Canal, in France, by
a short passage of 148 milos, saves a sea
voyage uf 20J0 miles by the Straits of
Gibraltar,
The New York obelisk was brought to
America in a specially prepared vessel, tbe
hold being opened at tho bow to admit the
stone.
At the presonb duy most heavy tunnel
work Ib dono by mo-Dhlne drills, driven by
compressed air, wbl ch also servos to ventilate the works.
the editor of a small monthly.
"There aro several way-, by which th
mt
can be accomplished,'* replied a friend.
"Name them."
"Well, get married. Then two heart
will boat as ono, and consequently you'll
have doublod your circulation."
Commendable-
All claims-not consistent with the high
character uf Syrup uf Flea are purposely
Ivoidod by the Cal. Fig Syrup Company.
at acts gently on tho kidneys, liver and
bowels, cleansing tho system effectually,
but it is not a cure-all and makes no pretensions that every bottle will not substantiate.
Sixty thousand people in the Emerald
I-de spoak Irish only.
Dr, Harvey's .Southern Hod Pine for
coughs and colds is tho most reliable and
perfect cough medicine iu the market. For
sale everywhere.
Malay. Tho spots could not bo washed off, wil(m Rpjece 0f r0L,k fe|[ |rom t|ie top 0f lne
but in timo they faded away, and after the ledge aud struck within three feet of me
"monk " had been caged up for awhile he Ulftt t lookwi lip ft|1(- 8ilw Uw m01lth nf tho
wore the dye oil his palms. It was also t.ave llKai|1- T 6eliave(j i C01lU- reac(, it if
discovered that his teeth had been tilled, | ]cft aioll0 for ttnol|ILir m;R11tUt and so T out
and that the peculiar "cock     of his ey��-, with my revolver and emptied its ballots
brows had been brought about with a pair ' -  ...
of shears. I don't know bow tho tail had
been worked, but asido from all trickery
the animal was something of
A NATi:il.\l. MOSSTROSrtf.
Tho csposmre did not come until after wo
"lad  reached   and   left Singapore,  and bo
into the mob snd then made a dash for the
cave. I threw my revolver down as I fired
the last shot, aud I did not know that
carbine was hanging over my shoulder by
ita strap until I was in the cave. It was
scarcely a cave, but a hollow caused by the
breaking away of a piece of the ledge. The
space thus created was not much larger
thero was no chance to stop us. While the t]IBn a hogshead, but the roof overhung The
Hamburg men were muttering "Dunder and opening like an awning over a window. The
blitb-eu!" under the breath and wanting baboons were after tne in a moment. Hut
somebody to kick them, we wero ploughing I for t|l0 carbine I should have heen utterly
our way up the China Sea to round the defenceless. While I had no more cartridges
north coast of Borneo and bead to the east, j f0!. ������. \ C0ll-,i U3e it topoke and strike with.
After a tedious voyage we finally dropped , [ 'ia(i 3Carcelv got turned around before the
anchor off the south coast of Mindanao and ,,g-|e animnU were swarming up the ledge
made ready for tbe work beforo ub. by tho hundred, and now they meant bim-
Therc are various ways of capturing men-1 ness. Kneeling down and using the carbine
keys, or there were various ways practised | as a c'ui, i believe I broke fifty headBbefoio
Until accident discovered the best way. ��� my assailants gave over the attempt to cap-
They wero at first captured in tho nets and   turc ,l]0 by a rush.    When they discovered
traps, but a large per cent, were always
hurt that way. What is now universally
used by all white men is the opium biscuit
and the "doctored " whiskey. The monkey
s yon find him in menageries und r.oologi-
al gardens is cither very sober or very play-
ut. In cither case he is not Imitation. The
way I loaded tho brig Rltter with monkeys
on the west coast of Africa has since been
adopted by till other hunters. I had a lot
of sweet crackers mado up in Hamburg,
with tinotureof opium mixed with the dough.
1 also had several kegs of whiskey "doctored " with the opium after being diluted
until it was very mild. Three or four of us
would sit down in tbe forest and wait for
tho monkeys to gather. Wo would then
eat and drink, and ongoing away would
leave both whiskey and cakes behind us,
There would be a rush of monkeys and a
fight over the spoils, and within half an
hour the harvest would bo rind. Some of
them would climb a lit tie way into tho nearest tree and get a tail hold on a branch, but
tbe majority would fall asleep ou the ground
aud recover from their stupor only after
being safely caged. They did exactly as
tbey bad seen us do, though in many oases
they wore ao numerous and fought si) fiercely over the feast that the gourds of whiskey
were upset and the cakes broken and scattered witboutasinglo animal having got enough
to stupefy him.
It needed only three days iu tho forest of
Mindanao In satisfy mo that wc had been
deceived. There were monkeys thore by thc
thousand, but no such species as tbe sailor
had exhibited. Indeed there was only one
species o.i the island, although on that uf
Borneo thero are no less than live. Thore
wore baboons, pure and simplo, and 1 soon
discovered that they wore a bpd-tempere.l
lob. Hundreds of them followed me as I
moved abunt, and though not attacking tne
they exhibited a bolduosi which mado me
somewhat apprehensive at times, There
are two species of the baboon family, but
thc chief difference Is that one has a lung
tail and tho other only a stump, liko that
of the rabbit. These wero tho short-tailed
fellows known as mandrills, nnd as thoy
always commanded a ready sale and a good
price I determined to capture as many as
possible. In order that you may better understand what followed, let me say that ti full-
grown mandrill is a match for a bulldog,
and
IS HIS NATIVK WILDS
is always ready for a row, Our first attempt
was inado within twenty rods of tho beach.
Knowing the suspicious nature of tbe mandrill, 1 determined on attempting a whole-
sale capture. Wit took ashore cages enough
to hold a hundred, anil with them several
hundred cakes and a barret of whiskey. The
cages were left on thc beach, but the cakes
and tha whiskey were convoyed lo a glade
of about half an acre in extent. We had
brought along provisions- and water, and
nine or us sat iu a circle and ate and drank
fora cnuple of hours. Tho head was knock-
ed out of the barrel, and every live minutes
one of us would go over to it and pretend
to drink, before wo were through there
were a full thousnnd baboons around us.
While they exhibited a good deal of curiosity itwas plainly mingled with a ferocious
spirit, and toward the last soma of the men
got very nervous, although we wero well
armed
that I was too many for them by a front at'
tack they tried to descend from above. But
for tbe fact of the overhang tbey would
have at lciut made it very hot for me. Attacks were made from above and below
simulautaucously, and I did not get o-ic
minute's rest for half an hour. My tliut time
I had only the barrel of the gun left. Only
one baboon got near enough to bito me, and
1 kilted him after be had nipped my arm.
I wasn't at all exultant ovor my victory.
There was a great heap ol dead at the base
nf the rlii)', and dozens ot animals were limping about, but it was certain that re-enforcements bad come up. While waiting
fur their next move I beard a great shouting from the sailors, who had by this timo
come off with the boat. Such a mob of
baboons had gathered on tbe beach that
they dared not laud. The distance was
not su great but that I could have informed
them of my situation, but the animals
checkmated me by keeping up suoh a din
that my voice could not have been heard
above it. The sailors lay on their oars just
off the beach for half an hour audi hen pulled hack to the ship. I knew this from the
action of the baboons, As soon as the boat
bad gone the animals gathered about tho
ledge and held a council of war. There was
but ono way for them to get at me, mid it
was nearly an hour before they tried that
again.    Their native cunning was strongly
displayed in that movement; All of a sudden every baboon vaninhed out of my light,
and fur live minutes not a sound was heard.
I had h.'gun lo hope that something luul
frightened them away when the whole mob
camo
IUOK iVlTil A misil
and dashed at thc lodge. Had tbe opening
been a foot wider, thereby giving me more
spueo to defend. I should certainly been
overcome. As it iyas, there was ton minutes
of the hardest work I ever did in my life,
and I was bitten on both hands iu a savage
manner. Tho roiult nf the fight satisfied
the baboons that they must adopt sjiiio
other tactics, ami what they decided on
Was to starve me nut���al least they formed
a half circle about tho ledgo and "went
into camp,'as it were. Looking down upon
them from my retreat 1 estimated tho number at iitK), an I I knew that I must remain
a prisoner until help came from Iho brig.
It was just at dark when the boat returned aud I heard the men calling. I explained tho situation lo them and ordered lhat
the whole crow of the brig come ashore
with inuskotB. As darkness foil no quickly
I countermanded this order, knowing they
could do nothing In thodarknoas, The boat
had nulled away and 1 had made Up my
mind fora bad night, whon 1 suddenly
thought of my pipe. It wan safe enough in
my pocket, as  wore   also   my   pouch and
matchbox.   When I lighted the pipo I
threw ttie match down among Iho baboons,
It was a taper rather than a match, and
burned long enough to start a (lame among
the dry loavos. There was a yell of affright
as the llamo leaped up, fiid as it began to
spread about and a smoke to arise tho
actions of thc baboons proved that thoy
wero badly frit'htene'l. At length, as thn
flames crept into a dry bush and blazed and
crackled, evory animal who could move
rushed away iu terror. 1 perfectly understood what had turned ihc scale in my favor,
laud 1 climbed down and   fed   tlio   Humc-i.
When Burc that they had a good start
nude a couple of torches and set oil fur the
beach, and after considerable delay ihe boat
returned and took me off. The lire I bad
kindled found plenty to feed on. and before
it was extinguished had cons umed the forest
along thirty miles of coast, but as there
were no inhabitants on that side of tho island thc only harm done was to give the
" baba "a scare which somo of the old grandfathers may remember with a shudder to
this day.
A CALGARY MIRrVCLE-
The Most Wonderful Case Ever fiecorded
in the North wc st-
-Hi-i-i Lcla fiillcii It Kc-ii-aril from What
Her I'liv .Icluns and t rlcml-t Thousht
to lie 'ler ll-i-Milir-l.
Winnipeg Tribune.
OaLGARV, N.W.T., Oct. 20, 1S02.���For
Bome time past the residents of this town
have been deeply interested iu the caso of
Miss Lcla Cullon, a young lady, who had
so nearly approached the portals of tbe
great unknown, that her friends despaired
of her recovery, and who has now fully, Indeed almost miraculously, regained her
health and strength. Having read on va '
oils occasion!- ia the Tribune the particulars
of what appeared to bo miraculous cures,
your correspondent determined to investigate the case of Miss I'till-m, and now scuds
you the particulars fully believing that you
will be justified in giving them ttie widest
publication.
When your correspondent visited the
residence of Mrs. Cullon, the mother of thu
young lady, he was courtcuuily received,
aud in reply to bis ouqulrtes as to whether
she would bo willing to give thc foots of her
daughter's wonderful recovery, for publication for llie benefit nt other sutl'erors, Mrs.
Cullon readily assented. "My daughter's
first Ulress,"said Mrs. Cullon, " was in Juno
IH!)0, when she wns taken with the measles.
At that timo sho was seventeen years .if age,
tall, fine looking, ami ex-jjedingly healthy,
weighing about 140 pounds. All the family took the moastes, and all got over them
without trouble oxcept beta, Hcrca-e frum
the first bullied all tho ordinary remedies
used for tint disease, and as tbe measles did
not come out, a physician was called in. He
administered remedies, but with no butter
results, and her caie seemed to bailie the
physic tin's skill. After a few weeks my
laughter began to improve Homewhut, but
did not regain her former strength, and six
weeks after sho was first taken ill, hor face,
neck, and limbs broke out in blotches. The
doctor was again called in, and said it was
the measles getting out of her system, aud
that sho would soon bo all right again.
The doctor's statement was not verified
however, for not only did my daughter not improve, but phe gradually grew
worse. Noun after she began to Bwell
first the feet, then tho limbs, breast and
face became puffed up. Another dooti
was called iu aud he pronounced her
trouble dropsy, resulting from the measles,
The doctor attended her all winter, and
although he seomod to do all in his power
for her, she gradually became weaker, and
weaker. Sho did not eat, and tonics failed
to improve her appetite, aud as she gradually grew weaker she lost her courage, felt
that hopo of lifo was fust slipping away. In
the spring, the doctor's medicine having
done her no good, was discontinued, and
inste d he gave bor preparations of beef
iron and wine, hypophosphites, eggs, oream.
etc. In fact, stimulants of this kind had to
be constantly forced upon her to keep her
alive and I gave up all hope of her recovery, and iu my misery waited for her death,
bhe was now bo weak that she could not
walk across the floor, and iu order to rest
her we would lift her into a chair, whore she
would Bit for a abort while when wo would
again place her in bed. She was slowly
but surely dying before our eyes, and netting we could do for her was of avail. She
was still puffed up, and nothing the doctors
could do would reduce tho swellim?. Her
limbs would no longer support her and he
could only sit up a very short time each
day. In this condition she lingered on until August, 189', some fifteen months after
she was first taken ill, and while we
were sorrowfully awaiting what seemed
the inevitable end, a ray of hope
came, I read in a newspaper of a remark
able cure frum tho use of Dr. Williams' 1'itik
Pills for Palo People, and while I feared
that I had heard of tliis wonderful medicine
too late, I hoped almost against hope and
sent to the headquarters of the company at
Brookvilto, Ont., for a supply. At this time
Lela was not able to bo removed from bed ;
her weight was reduced to 90 pounds and
bor lips were blue. You will thus see how
little hope thero appeared for her when sin
began tbe use of Dr. Williams' Pink Pills.
After she had taken the first box, although
there was no visible improvement, alio
thought they wore doing her good, and her
spirits began to rise, At the end of tbe
second box I could notice the improvement-!
and Lela was very hopeful, and felt life wus
returning to her again, After she had been
taking Dr, Williams' Pink Pills forn month,
she was able to get up, and by October she
was so well that she could superintend work
about the bouse. She still continued takinj
the Pills, and rapidly recovered all her ob
timo health, strength and spirit *. I cannot
tell you," continued Mrs. Cullen, "how
deeply grateful 1 am for the wonderful
medicine that saved my daughter's lifo.
You may be sure that both mc and mine
will always warmly recommend it, us we
havo every reason to do."
WHAT A I'KOMISI'NT DIU'milMl SAYS.
Your correspondent then allied up m
Mr. J. G, Totnpleton, the well-known druggist on Stephen avenue. Iu reply to an
inquiry as to what he could tell me about
Dr. Williams' Pink Pills, Mr. Teinpleton replied : " What can I tell you about Pink
Pills? Well I can tell you, they aro the
mosi wonderful medicine I ever bandied, I
had experience with them in Ontario before coming out here, and iu all my expert-
ruice as a druggist, I never knew any medicine have such a wonderful demand, or give
such great satisfaction. My experience
' ero bus been like my experience In Ontario, all who have used Dr. Williams' Pink
Pills speak in their pralSSj nnd if I woro to
toll you how many boxes I am selling hero
laity, you would bo readily excused for
being somewhat incredulous.    If I am aik-
id to recommend a medicine, t unheiitat-
ngly recommend Dr. Williams' Pink Pills,
aim my confidence in them has never been
mlsplaiod. I have already said that the
demand for Pink Pills is astonishing) mid
ihey Invariably give the best eattslaelton.
I know this to be so from tho statements
of customers. 1 have sold hen- ami in Ontario, I huusatiits nf boxes, und have no hesitation in nrumuicinlmg them as a  perfect
blood builder and uorvo rettorer, curing
���uoh diseases as rheumatism, neuralgia,
partial paralysis, locomotor ataxia, Si.
Vitus' nance, nervous headache, nervous
prostration and the tired fooling ihoreliom,
tho after-effects nf la grippe, diseases do-
ponding un humors In the blond, such us
scrofula, chronic oryMpohis, etc. Pink Pills
give a healthy glow to pale and sallow complexions, and aro a specific for tho troubles
peculiar i-i the female system, and iu the
ease of men they ell'cct a radical cure iu all
canes arising from mental worry, overwork or excesses of any nature"
Those Pills aro manufactured by tho Dr.
Williams' Medicine Company,  brookvtlle,
Out., and Schcnci'lady, N. Y., and arc sold
only In boxes bearing the firm's trade murk
and wrapper, at .VI els. a box, or si\   boxes
tor $3,111", Heat iii mind that Dr. Williams'
Pink Pills are never sold in bulk, or by the
dozen op hundred, nnd any dealer whn oilers
substitUtOB in this hum is trying to defraud you and should bo avoided. Dr.
Williams1   Pink   Pills  may be  bad uf all
druggists ��'' direct by mail from Dr.
Williams' Medicine company from cither
address.   The ptlceat ff(tion thesepilla are
hold makes a eniirse  of treatment coinpiua-
tlvoly Inexpensive as compared with other
remedies or medical treatment,
Roman soldiers had a booked cloak over
heir aimour.
A Hard Uorner-
The ago of 30 is a bant corner for a
women to turn, and -13 is still border. She
feels that she is fust leaving her youth behind her. Hut there is no reason why a
woman should be faded and /;��-������ at .'t.'), or
oven at 45. The chief . ause of the early
lading of American women is found in tlio
fact lhat many of them suffer Irom some
form ot female weal ness or disease which
robs the face of h * bloom, draws dark
circles about thceyei, brings early wrinkles
antl sail own ess, and stumps the face and
figure with signs of tit-health. Dr. Pierces
Favorite Prescriptioi will cure all these
troubles, will bring back the lost bloom,
and remove the paint and ailments which
tn.ike women grow old before their time.
Guaranteed to give satisfaction in every
case, or price (*?l.00) refunded.
" What a pood-looking niau her husband
is!"   *'Yes," replied   Mr. Parvenu;  "he
does look buoyant."
GIBBONS* TOOTHACHE GUM acls   OB a
temporary Hlllnft*. and stops toothache instantly.   Hold by druggists.
" Was the pug dog nud that the police-
mnn shoiV" "Gee, whiz! no; but the
woman that owned him was."
A.P. 633.
A Veteran's Story
%��$%
Jos. Hi ntunerli u.
Doctors Bald both lur,;
could not live long, hi
to try good's Sarsui
lini ���'���.������lime lioltluhi-u
tho choking BunsaHon
e,row lens mill le   .   .
and cordially roconune
Tlr. JoM-ph   llcr-ni
werleh-an old soldier,
D90 B. 140th St., N- V.
City, Writes us voluntarily. In 1868, at thL
battle b( Fair Onks, he
was stricken with
Uphold ferer- umi
nfier a lung struggle In
hospitals, lasting several   years,   was   dls-
eharged  as  Incurable
v;i th   <'-jn->in-i--ii*'i-.
Bworo affected und tn
t a eoiiundi'urged bin,
nrlllii. Uefore li<> had
mi id i began to get loose
left, nnd liit'hf sweats
telsnow In ���"������(���it healtli
Hood's Sarsaparilla
as a general blood purifier and i-��ni** medU
cine, especially to his comrades iu the u. A. it.
Hood's PiLLS aw hand mode, and arc per
foot In ci-iii-'Ofiltlon, proportion awl appearance.
Ii Ii, constantly on linml, aWo prime Amor;
Hog's Ca'IngP.   Pull lines Now !bun>,    I-onc
Clear Bacon, Rolls, Cheoso. t-ard, etc. Park,
Bi.ackwki.i, .*; Co. Ltd., .Succossoi--' to Jas
l'AUK S Has, Toronto.
SITI1ATI0XS VAdABtl'-Por hundreds of
smart young men and women who will
thoroughly prepare themselves in .Shurtlmnd.
Book-keeping, Ai-itbiuetie. Penmanship, Type-
wrltim*. etc. AdrircjEUollugc of Correspondence. Toronto,
��� WHITE-FOB_PaRTICULAHS_
Of Complete Steam Lnunoho-tfrnm 20x1 to His"
"Acme Coal-oil llullorn and l1"urines" fro-ii
1 lo 8II.i*.   Largo *���::*������-���.    Coal or wood fuel.
"Tho Marsh Htoatu Pomp" the best boiler
feeder in tlio market. Returns exhaust into
feed water heating it from 4U lu l) decrees,
for catalogue send So. Btamp. JOIIS
Cll.l.as A I (���.   -nrlelii-i I'lare. Ont.
DO YOU IMAGINE
That people would have boon regularly using
our Toilet Soaps i-inee UM5 iforiy-scvcii long
yeurs) if they had not been QOODI The public
ure not foots and do not icntiuue to buy {food-
unless they are sutinfactoy,
J������J*~iXm���.
50 YEARS
Tell your dealer that thc firm making
all   that time ought to  know Gomolhing
about it, and you must have the
" Unfcorn " Brand
because the only firm which has been peg'
ging away at them all that time ia
A.RIM3AY&S0N   -   MONTREAL
KOFF   NO  MORS
WATSONS' COUCH DROPS
will oive positive and instant relief to those sufferinq
from colds, hoarseness, sore
Throat, etc, and are invaluable
to orators and vocalists. r. &
t. w. stamped on cach drop. try them
i ^iP^Ps   Children
^���-f}^ Enjoy It.
S0Off��S
of pure Co'J  Liver  Oil with  Hypo
phosphites   of   Llmo  ond    Sod,,   la
olmont rs  pu'atnblo as  milk.      /
A MARVELLOUS FLESH PRODUCER
It Is Inflood, en-.' tho little lads and
iRBslea who toko cold easily, may ho
fortified against n cough that mif-ht
prove scrloiiB, hy Inkir-R Gcott'a
Emulsion after their moats during
the wlntar oca-ion.
lUwitre d/ sulmtltu'*OM and Ultltattan*.
SCOI r  &  BOWNE,   Bollovillo
aWNE,   Dollovlllo. t
LES
CURE I
~!ANTEED
\\iiy be troubled wilh piles ex-
I TEONAL on INTIBNAl, FISBUf?E8, ULCER-
CLARK MIMICAL CP��� I8BAKUIM Sr.WtST. lflRGIHO
that 11
Are a BLOOD
urn, i�� r. k
aa-INBBVA
TOM*.
They supply
Ui conui-uiea
term aix the Bub-
������'.:.i ft; needed to
enrich tbe IMood
and to rebuild tba
N-'i-veG, thus making
:;:��� in a certain atud
flMtd; cure for ail
diseases arising
from iinpovRrlsheiS
blood,at-iii-hatierc(l
ne*-vo3,6*-eL dr! j *���-
ahsis, u-'inal dis-
eu-.es, rheumatism,
BciaUca.lo-.i'ofmcui*
ory, crysiiiL-las, p*l-
pit&tiouoitbeheart,
scrofula, chloroblsor
_ f-rceu sickness, tlias
   JU Biiiti'iuy.eic.  They
bare a (-pacific action on tho sexualEvstem of
both men and women, restoring lost Vigor.
WEAK MEN
(young and old), raftering1 from mental worry,
overwork, insomnia, excesses, or self-abuRe,
Bbould take these Pills. They will rostoru
lost '���������( '-;���:������-���, both physical aud montal.
SUFFERING WOMEN
afBi'-ted with the weaknesses peculiar to their
sex, BUch as BUpprossloi' of the pei ieds, bearing
ili.v.-n p&inR. wuak back, uk-eratious, otc.will
Hud theue pills au unfailing cure,
PALE AND SALLOW GIRLS
should tako thoso Pills. They onrich tbe blood,
restore heulth'n msec to tho chocks and co��
rect all irre-jularitlca,
BlWa&l op IsmAT70*i& These Pills aro
Bold by nil dealers only in boxes bearing our
tm-.u mark or will bo sunt by uiall, pofit paid,
on receipt of prico���SO oentl a box or l> for I J.U).
THE DR. WILLIAMS MED. CO.,
Ilri'nkrilli'. Out., or Mon ���' itofftt. N.Y.
7-MKTBRS Miti: KWI'IMMK III. of Hall.
E
ra Booth* I Capita
ug-inyiB-i ai unroprMOntod poind
il. Kwart-Chief Agent,Toronto.
1 WEE FITS!
IHI.TAKTS
ASTHMAtlNE
oCimnisantl P.O.Adilre
will .null TRIAL BD1UE
Dr.T'BTBROS.M!CDlCINB
Co., Itoubosisr, n.v
u.l AUcUilu Stlcct, TorvMo. Jut
CURES
i that you need not
--ii fl(M-ittion.On receipt
FREE
Bit Empire Tobaccos
If you want the UcU.
Empire Tobacco Co., Montreal
" Early io Bed aqd Early to fyse'
mi lit; BABf of MoomplUtaroent to ' husk
who ii.se tho
VKW ffllUUB SEflUSG DIAOIIIl
The Williams ms-i; cu., ltd,, Montreal.
CANADA PERMANENT
MV l\l> WIN* MPAYY
Invested Capital, $12,000,000
Hoad otTico, Toronto St., Toronto.
The ample and Inoroattng reaoureos of thi-t
l.'oinpaiiy ernib<'i il- Director-- to mako ad*
vimcc-ion Itfr'Al. '-.STATE woi-urilios to any
amount, without delay, tit the lowest ourroal
t-ftto of interest, anil on tbemo-il .favorable I ornii
Loans granted on improved farms and on
productive town and city properties.
RIoi tpoges nnd Debentures purchased,
Application may bo mndo llwougli thc local
Appraisers of the Company or to
J. Herbert Mason,
JManu-jing Director, Toronto
MUSIC.
Shoot Music, Music Books, Quitara
Banjos, violins, Accordeons and all kind-
of Band Instruments. Thu largest stock lu
Canada to chooso from.
Ootourprloos before purchasing claowhsro
niidsuvoiiionoy.
SEND FOR CATAI/JQUE.
WHALEY, ROYCE&CO,
1GO YONQE STREET,    -    TORONTO, ONT
Have You
ATARRH
-F go, USE Dr.CLARK'S CATARRH CURE, i-
aover fails, it CURES OATARRHinthe H-iAD
THROAT AND NOSE, COLD IN THE HEAD, HAY
FEVER, INFLAMED PALATEAND TONSILS, rt>
Btorea tlio sense of smell, and drives away the
8 ULL HEADACHE expirloneed by all who havo
atarrh. One iottle will work wonders,   vtlea
6(Ji:. at; nruufjistu.  Kent hy mail ou receipt of
priee by addrosslng
MilK CHEMICAL CD-. ibb Adelaide Si .West, T0R0HT0.
RHGUMiTISM AND NEURALGIA.
Aviso from poor digestion, oto. Kidneys fal
to extract tho urlo acid
from tho blood. Heart
dni-n-'oiind oilier mala*
dins salEO with suoh
ruinous force tliat break
d o w ii our strongest
youths in n few- woek.i
So ��ays Popular Hygiene
i'H'1 adil-i :    "Ml,  Leon
Wator has tho power to
Unlit mid destroy the
cnuso. Is tho most powerful antiilolo known, and
y, should bo taken freely
     to absorb the deadly pot-
f       sons that undermine iho
St- Leon MlneralWater Co. (Limited)
HcadOlHco   I'll1 K.int Street Went,
TORONTO.
Hratich Office- Crystal Hall, 111) Yoiigo Street,
OpposileColleiji- A venuo
SAVED
IN KVERY CUT.
LUMBERMEN
YOU CANNOT
AFFORD
TO WASTE THIS
���
SEND FOR
BOOKLET AND NEW
CATALOGUE
���
WATEROUS
BRANTFORD
CANADA
John Bntl  S'"��i Plato Runfia
IMPROVED THE LAST 20 YEARS
HOTHIHO BUTTER UNDER lilESUN
Bbobv
\m BBF3 !
Send for Questioh Sheet.   Qn Receipt of Anhweiis,
Let Me Selegt What is Squints.  Will Send Yau
Price. Cdcosare Sunt ibv MAIL, Recistereo,
Correct *kd Cheap. ��
 ~~. sti-.ilsiniiijs (m IIluMr*ted Hrx.lt ���������
Surcidal taKCHiusT, I3A ^u:. Sxnar W., TORONTO
FOR COAL AND WOOD,
LATKST am> iirisr. i.vi:iti,Lsii\*-
CMtlfllktlllK
Bo pure   ml ��eo tho olegant ^tove boforo buy-
ingniH' other. Sold hy all loading dealer''.
M ji't'd by I", A V, ��nrtiey ��'��.. Toronto THE     WEEKLY   NEWS,  DEC 22, 1892.
THE ra&Y MS
Publishec   By M. Whitney &
Son.       ery Thursday.
Courtenay B. C.
TEAMS OF SUBSOmPTlOK,
TJf   ADVANCE.
. . -- I.sr  ����
r   '
    0
KATSS Or*AU\ tKl iCilNU:
O ,��iuob per your $1200
 month  	
rnth ool  per year 	
.   'tiurti 	
��� 'jr., i-i-  i| it 	
l.v-a   uutlees, per line  	
Notices   of Births,   Marriages   and
11 :ithr..   50 cents each insertion.
No AtWeiiisinen. inserted for less than
Thursday. DE0.22,1892
An    Unwelcome Visitor.
Tl e Chnlwa uppwra to have su'-sid-
i.) in tl.e SUifi. -B.it if wftjutlgn I7
fmnier rxpfH'nc*"-- its lodffcmci t in
A ti.erica ililiypar. a'thoUgh Apparently
htL-mj-ed out, is l*ui th'-pi-Hud** torom
ji ii (lunger. The Sfpde hare hwn sown
nnd they will germinate in th* spring.
Thfi le-idtii? cities and ?ea port
towns umy expect its first appi nrance
l-ext year. Like McClcJIan's army iu
iI.l- iuto relibellion, acrois the border,
i< is only entrenching. We may Im
sure that n tn-inpiidous struggle is be-
loie us. Can cholera he thro, tied,and
thrown out hy the combined forces of
money and science! Wc may ht> sure
that whatever science, as now under-
ntood, backed by almost unlimi'cd cup-
Mai, con do. will bo done to over'hrow
the Impending peril. The World's Fair
Text year is tp hn tho greatest the
world has wUhnessrd, unless the Choi*
era -peitre shall frighten the crowds
away, That the event for which so
many millions have heen spent shall
not prove n failure, millioi-s more will
be used if necessary in the employ of all
thn moans known to sanitary science
to hurl luck the unwelcome vittitor
from the shores of this continent Will
tl e effort succeed) In favor of its do
ing so ia the well known fact that
cholera like many diseases feds on the
tilth in its path. Cleanliness, is its
deadliest enemy, lu the purlieus of the
cities which it visits, whero human beings are crowded into small spice where
the water is impure, and yards and enclosures are efilthy, there it holds high
carnival; while portions where good
Banittry conditions prevail, escape. We
��my there/ore expeut such a general
clt'iniiigup on the part of our American
cousins as they have never had before.
While this is going on to the south
of the houndry line, if we act wisely
we will make similtar preparations at
home. Cholera may reach Montreal
from the east, and Vancouver from the.
west without passing through the United States. Once in Canada there is
n*> tutting where it will go. The sani-
l-nry regulations published on this page
show that tin* Provincial authorities
are nwike to the danger. Let the. people read these regulations, and strictly
follow.them heartily cooperating with'he
Government iu its effort of pre parol i -n
to meet and overcome the threatened
danger. In doing so they will ward
off rljphiheria, scarlet fever, and other
diseases which often prevail.
Sanitary   Regulations.
[L. S.]      HUGH KELSON.
A. 6, Smith,     \W-HAREas
DepUt* Attorney-Qimeral.J lt 1S ad-
visable ,in view of threatened invasion
of infections and contagious disease, to
make better provision for the due observance of sanitary laws:
Therefore, His Honour the Lieutenant
Governor, has by and with the advice of
his Executive Council, bctn pleased under and by virtue of tha "Health Act1
181*8," to make the following Rules and
Regulations; and to order, and it is hereby ordered and declared, as follows; - -
1, The Rules and Regulations hereinafter coutalned shall he in force, except
in City Municipalities and as hereinafter!:
provided, In all part of British Columbia
and it shall be the duty nf the Hoard of
Health in any Health District already
created or to he created and of every
Government Agent now and hereafter t<��
be appointed, within thc district of which
he shall be in charge for the time being
and ofthe Superintendent or Sergeant of
Provincial Police in those portions of the
Province not in charge of any such Board
of Health or Agent, to enforce and cause
lo be enforced the said Rules and Regulations, and every such Board of Health
and Agent and the Surpertcndaru shall
have power, whenever and as often as
necessary, to rail upon any person *o assist in the enforcement of same. And thc
powers and duties conferredon and assign
ed to Goverment Agents in thc said Rules
aud Regulations shall be deemed to he,
mutatis mutandis, confered on and assign
ed'to Councils of Muncipilalities, Hoards
of Health for Health Districts, and thc
Superintendent or Sargent of Police, as
thc case may he, and thc expressions 'Gov
eminent Agent and "Agent," wherever
they occur in the Rules and Regulations
shall include thc Hoard of Health for
Health District, the Council ofa Mun
icipality, and the Supertendant or Sar-
geant of Provincial Police, as the- cas-
may require.
2. The said Rules and Regulations
shall also he in force in crcry District
and Township Municipality as a by-law
thereof, and as if enacted by the Council
uf thc Municipality nxcnpt in so tar as
ihry sball hereafter be amended, altered,
or repealed by the Council, and until   he
1 Council shall makeprovison for their en
forcement  they shall be enforced  by the
1 cheifconstable ofthe Municipality,
3.   Thc following are thc   Rules and
! Regulatious rcfered to:���
(I). No person shall suffer the accuin-
I   iilatio n   pou his premises, or deposit,   or
permit the deposit, upon any land belong
ing to him or under his control of any
thing so as to endanger the public health
or shall depect'i, or suffered or permit
to be ''u-osaul in, upon, on or into,
an, f-trect, square, lane, by-way, wharf,
doi * ��� Ip, lake, pond, bank, harbor, river
stream' or water, any manur or other refuse, or vegetable or anima matter, o;-
fiith of any kind.
(2), It shall be tha duty of the Govern
oent Agent t> ke��p ���. vigilant supervision
ver all streets, lanes, by-way, lots, or prein
ises upon which any such accumulation as a
foresaid may be found, and at once to
notify the parties who own oruccupy such
lots or premises, or who either personally
tir through their employees, have deposited such manure, refuse, matter, dirt or
filth, in any street, lane, or by-way, or
who permit or suffer the accumulation
thereof, to cleanse the same and to remove what is found thereon' and such
parlies shall forthwith remove the same'
and if ihe same be not removed within
tiwenty-foin hours after such notification
the Agent may cause the paJties so offend
ing to he prosecuted, and he may cause
ihc same to be removed at the expense of
thc person or persons so offending. He
may, personally or by deputy.also inspect
at intervals all premises occupied by persons residing within his jurisdiction.
(3( Whenever ihc Agent slull icccive
a notice signee by one or more inhabitant
householders of his distriet, statiu;; the
condition ofany building iu his district
10 be so filthy as to be dangerous to the
public health, orthat upon any premises
in his district there is any foul or offensive
ditch, gutter, drain, privy, cesspool, ashpit or cellor kept or constructed so as to
be dangerous or injurious to the public
health, or that upon any sucli premises
an accumulation of dung, manure, offal,
filth, refuse, stagnant water or other mat
ter or thing is kept so as,to be dangerous
or injurious as aforesaid, it shall be the
duly ofthe Agent, personally or hy deputy
to enter such building or premises for the
purpose of examining the same, and if nee
essnry he shsll order the removal of such
matter or things as aforesaid, ifthe occupant or proprietor, or his lawful agent or
representative having charge or control of
such premises, after having twenty-four
hours not:ce from any such Agent or dep
uly to remove or abate such matter or
thing as aforesaid, shall neglect or refuse
to remove or abate the same he shall be
subject to thc penalties imposed under
Rule 26 of these Rules. The Agent shall
also have power to abate or cause to be
abated summarily, and by force if necessary, any nuisance likely lobe injurious to
thc public health.
(4) Ifthe Agent is satisfied upon due
examination by himself or deputy that a
cellar, room, tenement or building with
in his jurisdiction, occupied as a dwelling
place, has became by reason of the num
ber of occupants, want of cleanliness, the
existence therein ofa contagious or Snfec
tiou^ disease or other cause unfit for such
purpose or that it has become a nuisance
or iu any way dangerous to thc health of
the occupants or ofthe public, he may is
sue a notice in writing to such occupants
or any of them, requiring the said preni
ises to be put in proper sanitary conditio^ or if hesees fit, requiring the occupants to quit the premises within such
time as he may deem reasonable. Ifthe
persons so notified, or any of them, neglect or refuse to comply with the terms of
the notice, every person so offending
shall be liable tothe penalties by Rule 26
of these Rules, and he may cause the pre
mises to be properly cleansed at the expense of the owners or occupants, or may
remove thc occupants forcibly and close
up the premises, and the same shall not
again be occupied as a dwelling place un
till put in proper sanitary condition; or
the Agent, if he sees lit, may cause auch
premises to he distroyed, with the consent
of two Justices ol the Peace.
{5) No proprietor or tenant of any shop
house or outhouse shall, nor any butcher
or other person, use any such house, shop
or out house at any time as a slaughter
house, or for the purpose of slaughtering
any animals therein, unless such shop,
house or outhouse be distant not less than
two hundred yards from any dwelling
house, und distant not less than seventy
yards from any public street.
(6) All slaughter ��� houses shall be
subject to regular inspection under the
direction      of     the    Agent,    and    no
person shall keep any slaughter house
unless the permission in writing of the
Agent, for the keeping of such slaughterhouse has been first obtained, and remains
unrevoked Such permission shall be
granted, after approval of such premises
upon inspectionsubject to the condition
that the said houses shall he so kept as
not to impair the health of person* residing in their vicinity, and upon such condition being broken thc said pcrmisson
may be revoked by thc Agent; and all animals to be slaughtered, and all fresh
meat exposed for sale, shall be subject to
like inspection.
(7) No person shall offer for sale as
food any diseased animal1 or any ment,
fish, fruit, vegetables, milk, or other articles of food which, by icason of disease,
adulteration or impurity, or and other
caanse shall be unfit for use
(8) All wells which are in use, wheth
er such wells are public or private, shall
be cleaned nut on or before tne 15th days
of March and October in each year, and
in case the Agent certifies that any well
should he tilled up, such well shall be
forthwith filled up by thc owner of the
premises.
v'o) No privy-vault, cesspool, or reservoir, into which a privy, water-closet, stable, or sink is drained, shall be established until the details nfsuch establishment
shall have been submitted to and obtained thc approval in writing ofa duly qualified medical practitioner.
fio) Earth privies or earth closets
without a vault below the surface ofthe
ground do not come within Rule 9, but
sufficient dry earth, wood ashes or coal
ashes to absorb all the fluid parts of the
deposit must be thrown upon the contents
of such earth prives and closcsts daily;
the contents when removed from thc closet
must he placed in a shed or box with rain
proof cover, and removed from the premises at least twice a year, on or before the
15th days of March and October.
(t r) If the exigencies or circumstances
require that privy-vaults, cesspools, or reservoirs shall be allowed in accordance
with Rule 9, they shall be cleaned out at
least once a year, on or before the 15th day
of March.'andfmm the 15th day of March
to ihe 1st clay of November in each year
they shrtll be thoroughly disinfected by
adding to the contents ofthe vault, cesspool, or reservoir, once a month, not less
than two pounds of sulphate of copper dis
solved in two pailfuls of water, or other
suitable disinfectant!
(12) No night-soil or contents of any
cesspool shall be removed unless deodorized as above, and during its transportation the material shall be covered with a
layer of fresh earth, except the removal
shall have been by some "Odorless Exca
Voting Process."
(13) All putrid and decaying animal or
vegetable matter must be removed from
all cellars, buildings and outbuildings, nt
least once a month, between thc 15 h days
of March and November in each year.
(14) Every householder and every hotel and restaurant keeper or oilier person
shall dispose of all garbage, for the disposal of which he is responsible, either by
burning thc same or by placing it in a
proper covered receptacle for swill and
house offal, thc contents of which shall,
between the 15th day of March and the
1st day day of Novtincer, be regularly re
moved as often ns twice a week.
(15) Between the 15th day of Ma
and the 1st day of November, no hog shall
he kept except in pens seventy feet bom
any house, with floors kept free from
standing water, regularly cleansed and
disinfected.
(16) Thc keeper of every livery or oth
er stable shall keep his stable and stable
yard clean, and shall not permit, between
thc 1511 day of March and ihc 1st davof
November,more than two waggon loads
of manure to accumulate in or near the
same at any time.
(17) No house shall be built in or upon any site, the soil of which is made up
ofany refuse, unless such shall have been
removed from such site, and the site dis
infected, or unless ihc said soil shall have
been covered with n layer of charcoal,
covered by a layer of concrete al least
six inches thick and of such additional
thickness as may be requisite under ihc
circumstances to prevent the escape of
gases into such proposed house,
(18) No pipe carrying iir or gas from
any drain or snil-pipo shall he connected
with any chimney in a dwelling house, un
less the same be a furnace chimney used
exclusively for the purpose of ventilating
such soil-pipe orurain.
{19) Eveiy house drain shall be constructed ol vitri cd earthen ware or iron
pipe; and every soil and waste-pipe of iron
pipe rendered impervious to gas or liquids
the joints thereof being run with lead and
caulked, or of lead pipe weighing at least
six pounds to the square foot; and the
waste pipe from every closet, sink, tub.
wash-bason, safe or other service shall
have, as near as may he, to the point of
junction with the service,a dap so constructed, vented and furnished that this
shall at no time allow of the passage of
gas into such house. All joints shall be
so constructed as to prevent gas escaping
through them.
(20) The construc'ion of any closet or
other convenience which shall allow of
the escape into the house of air or gas
which has been confined in anv part nf it,
or from ihe drain or soil-pipe,' is hereby
prohibited.
(21) No pipe supplying water directly
to a-closet or urinal shall be connected with
the pipe supplying water for drinking
purposes.
(22) Thc Agent, shnll provide ench
medical prnciioner practising within his
District, blank forms on which tn report
tothe said Agent any case of dipthcria,
measles, whooping cough, or any other
diseasednngcrous to the public health;
and also, with blank forms on which to re
port death or recovery from any such
disease.
(23 Thc Agent within six hours after
he shall have received a notice ofthe ex-
Istance of scarlet fever, diplherla, smallpox, cholera or whooping cough, in any
house, shall affix or cause to be affixed by
the head of thc household or by some
other person near the  entrance of such
house, a card at least nine inches wide
and     twelve     inches     long,     stating
that such disea-.e exists in said
honse, and stating lie j-eniHty for
removal of such card without permission
ofthe Agent.
(24) No person shall remove such card
without the permission ofthe Agent,
(25) No animal affected with an infectious or contagious disease shall he
brought or kept within Uritish Columbia.
(26) Any person who violates, by act
either of otnision orcoinmition- any prov
istuUs in the foregoing Rules and Keg ilia
tions contained, or any order or direction
of the Agent, shall be liable tor every sLch
offence to a penalty not exceeding $100,
in the decretion ofthe convicting Justice
or Magistrate, besides costs, which may
also be indicted if the convicting Justice
or Magistrate sees tit to in pose the same.
Every such penalty may be recovered by
any person before anv Justice ofthe Peace
or a Stipendiary Magistrate having territorial jurisdiction, and shall he levied by
distress and sale of the goods nnd chattels
of the offender, with thc cost of such distress nnd sale, by warrant under the hand
and seal of the Justice, or ofthe Stipendiary Magistrate, before whom ihe same
arc recoverable, or under the hand aud
seal ofany other Justice having territory
ial jurisdiction, and In default of sumVien
distress thc said Justice or Magistrate
may commit thc offender to the n-.-.ircst
common gaol or lockup for any term not
exceeding three months, with or without
hard labor, unless the .mount imposcd^be
sooner paid.
4. These Rules and Regulations may
he cited as the "Sanitary Regulations,
189,2."
Dated at Victoria, this the 17th day of
September, A. D. 1892.
Hy Command.
JAMES  IIAKER,
I'nivli.i-iftl Secretary.
The
Weekly
News
H
as
Made arrangements whereby it is en
abled to take contracts
for all kinds of
Job Work
THIS TELLS THE TALE.
We buy in the right markets and sell everything
at very close prices. Prices that can't beequall
ed for same class of goods elsewhere in the Pro
vince. We have no old stuff, our stock is
always fresh and well assorted.
There is hardly anything in the Dry Goods line that we cannot
supply, Just now we are having bjg sales in Jackets, Water
proofs .Dress Goods and Trimmings
Every time you buy $5.00 worth you get chance for
FEES TRIP TO TAB WORD'S FAIR.
Letter orders   receive   prompt attention.
SLOAN & SCOTT
Commercial Street Nanaimo B. 0,
I Make It a Point 5 Know
TEE GOODS IHABDLB.
For I'm last thirty ymr. Imvinj! bandied Silver Ware, mtmifactnred by tlin
Cclslmtwl tinu. r,f ttied ami Barton���Kodjri'rs 1847 -and Mnridwi Brit��uui��,
l know them to lie A I.    &%. '" Ji-w.'lry, Clocks, Wutchts, uiul  BpwlMirl,
1 Show tli* Lar-nat Stock in tile city, AT HARK TIMES   PRICES.
Stiecal attention given lo ri'pariti)) iu ALL llr.uchi's ol tlio Trade.
tV. Orders l.y mail will Imvj prompt attention. ^1
M. R. Counter,
Orescent! Jewelry Store,       Nanaimo B. 0.
Vanoouve i1 Furniture
Established 1BT.1
BASTION,   WHARF   AND   FRONT  STREETS
JOHN HUBERT.
MANUFACTURER AND DIRECT IMPORTER
 . Also D.slet Id 	
CARPETS BEDDING ANI) WALL PAPER,
GENERAL HOUSE FURNISHING GOODS,
AGENT WHITE SEWING MACHINES.
UNDERTAKER.
NANAIMO B.C.
Nanaimo Cigar Factory.
Philip Gable, Proprietor.
-gutun Street      ���    Nanaimo B. 0.
Manufactures   tbe   finest   cigares,
employing Done but white labor.
Why purchase Inferior foreign cigars,
when you can obtain a summon AKTt-
CLK fur the lame money?	
Eaper Raper & Co,
BookMllera,    fitatioucra,
General   Mewe   Agenti.
Nanaimo. B. C.
The Nanaimo Pharmacy
Nanaimo B. O.
W. ��, Mc Cartney Chemist,
Manager.
Fur* DriiflB ChemiuaU and  Patent
M*dicinf��.
Ph-raloana   l-r-uctpUoni aid all tuitn tUl>d
with car* nud d.aputoh. F. 0. box U
toamo Machine forks
or
EotortJ. Wmboni'
Fraser Street
Near Bastion Street Bridge
Nanaimo' B. C.
All Kinds of Machinery midt lo order
tnd repaired.
Fruit Trees
Mainland Nursery *
���      Ladners Landing B. C.
A large supply of three and four year old
JLITLE TBEE3
Also Pears Plumes, Prunes, and Peaches
Ornamental trees for lawns and grass
plots.   Small fruits,   shrubs   and evergreens of every variety.
f A BilcMst
i
COURTENAY, B.C.
Agent for Comox District.
Geo. Bevilockway,
-**    Red House    ���*���
Commercial Bt.     �����   Nanaimo. B. 0.
Dealer in General Merchandise-
Highest cash Price Paid for Furs,Hides,
and Country Produce.
Ralph Craig's
Nanaimo Steam
CARRAGE WORKS.
Baston St. Bridge, Nanaimo, B. C.
General Blacksmith ing, Horseshoeing
Carrage Building, etc.
Wagons and Farming Implements
made aud repaired. Miners' Auger Drilling Machines made to order on short
J. G. Melvin
Experienced Watchmaker
Manulacturing Jeweler
And Diamond Setter.
Work done for the trade.
Repairing a specialty
A trial solicited
Orders by mail
Bos 598, No 308 Abbot St Vtnco��tf.
Eureka  Bottling Works,
LOOTS LA WHENCE, PEOPBIEtOB,
llANlirACTUBEB OF
SODA  WATER,   LEMONADE,   GINGER   ALE,
Sarsaparalla and Champagne Cider, Iron Phosphates, Syrups.
Ilottler of Different Brands of Lager Beer Steam Beer and Porter.
Agent for Union Brewery Company.
Nanaimo and Courtenay B. C.
A THOUSAND DOLLAR FARM
ON TERMS
The place contains 160 acres, and is located a few
miles from Courtenay, has about
25 AOBBS OLBAEiED
and 15 acres are suitable for the plough
jgr   This farm must be sold
Apply to
J. McPhee,
I have some splended lots
for sale, both basiness and re
sidential.
Now is the time to buy to
advantage before the Canada
Westain Railway reaches here.
With the advent of ihe railway, in addition to the other
conceded advantages of the
place, prices must rule very
high.
This town is located in the
midst of the largest agricultural
settlement on Vancouver Is��
land. It is within six miles of
Union Mines affording the farmers of the valley the very
best home market, and is situated on the only highway
leading from the settlement to
the mines. The lumber interests of this section arc most ex
tensive, and are an important
factor in our progress.
The per cent of improvements of this town during the
present year is greater than
any other place the Coast
can boast of, and the march of
improvement is still onward.
The prosperity of the town
has for its foundations, therefore large mineral, agricultural,
and timber recources. It may
also be added that no section
furnishes a better field for the
sportsman. Fish and game
are always abundant and our
hotels of the best.
For particulars  address.
Joseph McPhee
Courtenay B.C.
Wm. Cheney
[  Office at the bridge ]
OOTJR,TSl"N--A.-2- B.C.
Real Estate Agent and Auctioneer.
Lots sold on easy terms.
SETTLERS SATISFACTORILY LOCATED ON PUBLIC LANDS.
Comox Saw Mills.
Rough and Dressed Lumber
White Pine always in stock.
All orders executed promptly.
UranhartBros. Proprs. Comox B.C,

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