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BC Historical Newspapers

The Weekly News Apr 12, 1893

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Array NO:
Pm    q*
$2.00  PER YEAR
21��      COURTENAY, B. C.
A Large Stock of Boots and Shoes of Cochrane and Cass-
ell's Celebrated make just opened at McKim's Store, every
pair  warranted to give Satisfaction.    Prices moderate.
Just opened by Mrs.McKim at her Residence near the Courtenay House an Extensive Stock of Everything in the Millinery Line.    The Trimmings are Simply Elegant.
An invitation is extended to the Ladies to call and examine
for themselves.
Importer   and  General Merchant
Agent Djminioi Pianos and Organs. Giant and Judson
Powder Co. B. C. Potter and Terra Cotta Works. A
carload of Ogilvie's Hungarian Flour just to hand.
W. ,1. Young
P. If*. Scliarschmidt.
Also Fancy Toilet Articles
    A   Full   Line of Everything  	
Grant and McGregor Props.
...   George   Howe.   ...
Dealer in All Kinds of Meats,  Vegetables, etc.,
Orders Filled on Short Notice.
I have for sale some Splended  Lots and   Blocks a   little
As is now understood, the Canada Western will run its track
Directly Through The Properly
in passing from Courtenay to Union Wharf. Figures low and
terms reasonable now, but prices will be advanced before long
and may be doubled any day . Opportunity is our guest at
,/-sent, and once neglected  NEVER    RETURNS
Ottice at Courtenay.
Wm Cheney, Real F.stateAgt
to  buy
Agricultural Implements, Farm and Mill Machinery,  Min
ng and mill supplies, Hardware, Belting, Paints and Oils,
Plaster.Cordaga and Cement
Victoria, B C
P 0 Box 88 8 E Corner Yates and Broad
Correspondence solicited.
Dr. W. J. Young
Physician Sf Surgeon
OFFICE * -*-iBSI"D*EasrC.
Courtenay Pharmacy
Chas R Hardy &. Oo
Ami financial Bettor
Nourr Public, Con-eranear.
Nanaimo. B.C.
Courtenay B.  G.
Best of   Everything in this
Line Constantly on Hand.
Clay & Viles, P rops.
Just received from the East
Drew goods, Prints, Mourning Prints,
Men's fancy atiit stout top Shirts, etc,
Also an extensive variety of Hinges,
Locks, and Ceneral Hardware. No trouble to show goods.
t^" To Let:��� The   claim below the
Duncan  Bros.
J. W. McKenzie
Courtenay, B. C.
General Blacksmithing
and Horse Shoeing.
Logger,' Work a Specially.
Importers & Dealers in
flour A Feed Dry Ooodt
Farm Produce Boot, ft Shoet
Fancy Orocerie. Hardware
Crockery ft Olauwara Faint ft Oilt
Oentt Furni.hingt
Patient Medicine.
Sportsmens Supplies a Speciality
Riverside   Hotel
Courtenay B C
J, J, Grant, Proprietor
The Hotel is one ofthe best equipped
on the Pacific Coast, and is situated at
the mouth of the Courtenay River, between Union and the 1-iryc farming settlement of Comox,
Trent ate plentiful in thc river, and
large game abounds in the neighborhood
The Har connected with the hotel is
kept well supplied  with the best wines
ind liquors.   Stage connects   with all
Steamers.   Terms moderate
Esquimalt and Nanaimo Ry.
Steamer Joan
On and after Mar. 22nd, 1S93
The Steamer JOAN will sail as follows
CALLING AT WAY POUTS na paaaengors
ruxl fro.Bht nm}* offer
e�� vc Victor!*. Tii-snUy, 5 a. tu.
"   Nanaimo for Comox, Wednesday, Ii.m
"  Comox for Valdoi lalnm.,  era*- Httcraate
Thuri'lar 7 a.m.lIUi urning* amine dajr. )
Lo*t�� Comox for Nanaimo,       FriJa*-***. 7 a.m.
tot Victoria.   Haturdcr, 7 a.m
For freight or state rooms apply on
board, or at the Company's ticket office,
Victoria .Station, Store street.
Esquimalt & Nanaimo R'y-
Time  Table   No.   17,
To take effect At 8.00 a. m. on Friday
September 30th. 1893. Train* run
on Pacific Standard Time.
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On Saturdays and Sunday*
Hoi urn Tit-Wots will bn ianuod hoiw-icn all
polntn for a faro and a --uarter, good for rotor n nui later than Monday.
I'-Hiirn Tioketa for one antl a half ordinarjr
fare mar ����� purchased daily to all point*,
good for strro daye. including day of iaino.
No Hetnrn Tiekott iuued for a far* and a
quarter where lhe tingle fart la twenty-Arc
can la.
Through ratea between Victoria and Coroos.
President, Gen'l Hupl.
Gen. Fruightand Paaaongor Agt.
Society    Cards
Leiser Lodge No. I3, A. 0. U. W.
holds regular meetings on alternate Saturday evenings 217.30 p. in. in the old
North Comox School House. Visiting
Brethren are cordially invited to attend.
Ernest A. Holliday
Hiram Looge No 14 A.F .& A.M..B.C.R.
Courtenay B. C.
Lodge meets on every Saturday on or
before the full of the moon
Visiting Brothers   cordially requested
to attend.
W.J. Young
Comox Lodge No 5, K. of P., meets
every Saturday, after the new and full
moon, at 8 p. in. at Castle Hall, Comox.
Visiting Knights cordially invited lo at-
John i>...-d,
K. R.S.
C01TBTE17.A.Y, B.C.
fl|he leading hotel is Comox district.
--Kev and handsomely furnished,
excellent hunting and fishing close
to town. 'Tourists can depend on
flrst-clast accommodation. Reasonable rates. Bar supplied with the
cboicttt liquors and cigars
rt. Graham, Propr.
T. C. Woods
Comox B.  0.
Conducts a General
Teaming ��� and Livery Business
His Stage Runs to Union and
Returns Thursdays.Saturdays,
and Sundays.
For Sale
521 Acres of Choice Land,
��� and ������
0 Horaei, 100 Sheep, and GO Cowa
together with
3 Kowing Machine*, 1 Steel Boiler
1 Re-pint Machine, 1 Seed Sower,
1 Drill Sower, 1 Spring wagon, and,
Double Wagon.
Title deeda can be aeen in my poe-
Union Steamship Go. B.G.Ltd.
HKAIJ OFFICJE and Wharf. Vanwwver.RC.
Vancouroerand N'nnalmn���H8. Culcb Ix-avca
V. I'. It. Wli.irf daily at 1*00 p. in. roturning
from Nniiaiuioi.i Tn. ni. i'urtto at ruim>au*ra
wharr until iKHJii.
Vancouver Hnd Comox���SS, Comox leaves
f*otii*)j'ii)'*i wlmrf t-vtr-r Moi-dar nt 8. a m.
for L'oinux dittlrid, r��lurimig un Tucudn**.
Vancouver and Noriltorn I^ogging CampH
and Seitein<-:>la ��� H H. Comox tt-.ivoa the
('0111 IMinyi wtinrf every Wodnot-day at I lit. in.
for Uitiwn'a LanillnK.soeohelt. Welcome Hum-
Lund, Curie*. Itea.l Llund and returning tlio
eameroute.,iiml to I'ort Neville and wayports
overy attvrnHlu wouk
WM. WEBESTER,   Manag-r.
Telephone M P. 0. itax 2IT-
Is hereby given that the partnership
heretofore existing between thc unclersi*;n
ed ns carpenters, buUdersaiul undertakers
of Courtenay, li C, under the lirmname
and style of McCann A Cessford has been
dissolved but thc business wilt be carried
011 the same as before by Mr. J.W.Mc
J.W. McCann
Robl Cessford
The Chance of a life time will
occur on
Thursday, April 13th
At 8 p. m., at K. of P. Hall, when a
Ckktain and Positive Exposure of
the SKCRKTS and workings of all orders,
especially Masons, Knights of Pythias,
and Odd Fellows will be given by the
members ofthe Courtenay Athletic Club,
giving to all WlVKS,SlSTKRS,and SWEETHEARTS ofthe members ofthe above
named orders, the one and only opportunity of witnessing the Krivqlous
manner in which their friends carry on.
and all this for the small sum of fifty
This Exposure is given in 3 degrees.viz:
Positive* comparative, Superlative
Dram. per.    High, Low, Jack, (lame,
A. M,, V. M,. P. K.C., P. D.   C, 2 R.A.
T. S.
Candidate���Mr. Ammi Smith
By order of H.I.O.H.
(Signed) a 0. D.
Dominion Election
To the Elector* of VancouTer
leland   Diatrict.
Having been requested by a large
number, of Electors to allow my name
to be placed ir. nomination as a Candidate for the House of Commons in the
Liberal-Conservative interests, I respectfully announce myself as a Candidate for
the favor of your support at the com'
ing election.
I wilt make a personal canvas where-
ever possible and further explain my 0*
pinions politically.
Your obedient Servant,
Andrew Haslam.
Union Flashes
The arrival of the San Mateo on Sunday wonderfully changed the aspect of
things here. The congested condition of
the mined coal was at once relieved, and
the miners again went lo workwith smiling faces. .She will be quickly loaded,
taking something over 4,000 tons.
The new store oi the McKims will be
ready fur occupancy in about a week. The
contract for painting the outside was let
on Monday to Thus. Milne of Union as
the lowest bidder.
The account of the Presbyterian Sunday
school entertainment which took place,
week ago Saturday was intended for your
last issue but mislaid and then overlooked
It was well conducted and a very pleasant
affair, and everyway successful.
The milk war if such it may be called it
growing in interest. There are now three
outside concerns anxious to supply with
the "pure article" in addition to the Jap-
:inese dairyman here. First in the field
as the successor of Fraser and Thomas
wasWm Matherson. He still does the
largest business. Then came S.F.Crawford bidding fora share of the custom nf
our milk loving people, Next on the
lirst of this blessed month came Harrigan
he of raid and bridge fame. He has thus
far met, with a series of mishaps indicating! ih.u the gods are working against
him, but he is pushing and not easily
thrown off the track when he is once fairly upon it. The first day his horse balked
and run the cart into the ditch, breaking
both shafts. Nothing daunted, he went
over to your beautiful valley and among
the farmers selected a piece of home
flesh that promised to be a winner The
horse, however, didn't l!ke the business
and manifested his displeasue 'jv running
intjthe woods. This occuredthe first of
this week and another broken rig was thc
consequence. Well, lhe others have the
laugh or. him now, but wait, the dr.ima is
not yet ended, and ihere are more things
yet to take place than ate "dreamed of in
your philosophy.Horatio".
Spicy,  Brilliant and Funny.
The Hercules play by the members of
the Athletic Club lakes place tomorrow
(Thursday) evening at the K. of P. Hall
at the Hay. Dont mi-^s it, and dont fail
if married to take your wife,if unfortunately single, take your sister, if no sister of
your own, lake somebody's else sister.
Hut if your are not there you'll never for
give yourself. It will be a big chunk out
ofthe sum of life's enjoyment which you
can have for only 50 cent , If you haven't got thc amount borrow it, beg it, do
anything but steal it, and ��� go.
Point Blank Denial.
Editor News��� I understand a rumor
(started maliciously as I believe ) has
been circulated thai I was over to Comox
011 a big drunk and that I had to go down
to Victoria to sober up. Now sir, it is
true I went down to Victoria but the
reason given is without the slighest foundation in fact as is also the claim that I
was under the influence of intoxicating
drink while in Comox. I mlchl have let
this pass as not worthy o' notice were it
not possible that my Mlcnce would be
T. H. Piercy
tOur friend is too sensitive. No one who
nows him, and who in this district daes
not? would credit such a silly story.- Ed
Social Dance.
Friday evening there was an impromptu sjcial dance at the residence of Mr.
John Fraser in Courtenay, Alex. Graham, Jack Martin, and Tommy Reid furnished the music. Refreshments were
served, and a very pleasant time was had
The party broke up at about 1 a. m.
These affairs are of sufficient frequency
to keep the social waters from stagnating.
Old Ag. Soc. Defunct.
At the meeting at the School house at
Courtenay, called by S. F. Lr*iwford.-Jthe
lat-i Secretary ofthe old Comox Agricultural Society, a resolution was passed u-
nanimously declaring said society defunct. The secretary will accordingly
notify the Registrar-Gencral,and the Dec
laration ofthe new association will then be
Auction Sale
I will have auctioned off to the highest
bidder at '2 p. in.,
at my premises, in Courtenay, 1 team of
horses, harness, 2 double wagons, 1 buggy
i sleigh and one milch cow.
Terms 4 cash, balance on three months
time on note with approved endorser,
N. Lambert.
Permission to use the school house in
the village of Courtenay for meetings
other than those relating to school matters will not hereafter be given except
upon the payment to one of the schools
trustees of lhe sum of $2.50,
By order of the Trustees,
John Piercy, Secretary.
It is rumored around, and pretty generally believed that Mr. Joseph Hunter will
not enter the race as a candidate for the
House of Commons.
Denman Straws.
April I,-���TheO'Hanlev again paid a
visit to our lovely isle, whether for ihe
purpose of seeking a wife for h-inself or
his fellow traveller is a point at issue a-
mong the Denmanites. The Joan on
Friday brought down another crowd of
Unionites in the persons of Messrs Watt,
Sargent, Dan. O'Hanley, McNeil, and
Sutton. If each and even* one of them
should be in search of wives the Denman
bachelors most look tothemselves or they
wilt get left in the lurch, as this sea-girt
isle seems to be the happy hunting ground
ofthe brave subjects of King Coal.
Amongst Friday's visitors, there happened to be a tiddler ( Mr. McNeil) and
tripping the light fantastic toe was the
order of the day or night rather, at Mt.
Pleasant; and amid lhe mazes ofthe giddy dance, no doubt Sir Cupid wWspered
many a repetition of the oft told tale.and
Denman will bid fair to rival any other
point in this district in the matrimonial
Among other visitors at Mt. Pleasant
were Messrs W. and F. Piercy and last
but not least the fair instructress ofthe
rising generation of this part ofthe district
It has been said of the inhabitants of
this section of our fair province (and sa-d
satirically) that they existed at the fag
end of creation, and very little more would
throw them off into ancient chaos; but
could these satirists have seen from a van
tage point the amount of genial good humour and geaeral enjoyment fiat existed
they would be convinced that life is worth
living even at the fag end of creation.
A suggestion to the hospitable entertainers of Denman Island, the next time
so many Bachelors should be around is
to kindly gather up more of the fair sex
so that no jealousies need exist,cach one
being able to pair.
A Pickels' little bov��� Denman Island-
has been quite sick with pneumonia, but
is better now.
Another widow nn Denman Island is
about toputherhead in the matrimonial
noose. A farmer of Qualicum is said to
be the lucky man.
The Gilbert-Bean Case
We notice that the Free Press and
Colonist appear to think that Magistrate
Drabble was a little severe in giving the
culprit 50 days for feloniously stealing a
���can of beans. But they are mistaken.
The fellow had stolen a lunch of which no
complaint was made. He had lurther-
more proved himself a general sneak
thief, pilfering little things for months, for
which he should long ago have been
sent up. Afier awhile patience ceases to
be a virtue, and the can of beans was the
last straw that turned lhe scales. Let it
be known also that Mr. Sam. Cliff is not
an ordinary boarding-house keeper
but a firs class landlord and proprietor of
a first class hotel. The fellow was captured by Officer Anderson.with the stolen
goods upon him and with a record black
as hades.   Queercase for sympathy.
Denman Warehouse Case.
The judgement rendered at the Bay
last Thursday evening m thc case a-
gainst Postmaster Swan of Denman Island established the fact that Denman
Island wharf is public property (as we all
knew ) and further lhat the warehouse
upon the wharf was also public property
(as every body should have known). In
this Mse Wm Cheney was the complainant and the action was for the unlawful
detention of bis freight. We presume
that Mr. Swan believed that he was acting within the line of authority, and that
the rule that freight left in the warehouse
must remain there until the following
boat-day was a reasonable one. But the
trouble about his contention is that only
the Government can make rules and regulations governing the use of the public
wharves, and buildings thereon, and that
those who did not conlridute in labor or
material have the s-tme legal rights, with
reference thereto as those who did.
Sad Death
The funer.il of Miss Ren'nison, daughter of Mr. W. Rennisnn, took place at
Vancouver on Monday last. Miss Renni-
son was a young lady of much promise,
18 years of age. We hear exprssions of
regret on every hand, and the family have
the sympathy ofa lari;e circle of friends.
They Got their  Pay.
We understand that the men connected with the survey of the Canada Western line were paid their money last Saturday, at least those who went down to
Victoria on Friday, and doubtless all
others connected with the survey will get
their pay, if they have not already.
Some of the Vanconver Island bachelors talk of going over to Denman. They
seem to think there ii a better chance
Good Templars Home.
The Good Templars I. O. G. T. who
have leased the old North Comox school
building on the hill above the Mission
are fitting it up so as to make ita coiy
and pleasant social home for their members. It is being papered, painted new
woodwork put where needed so as to be
very complete
We are very glad to know that the
lodge is so prosperous and that they have
the wisdom to make their place of meeting attractive. They are doing a good
work and we hope tosee^lheir numbers
largely increased.
A Good Cart
for sale at $50.   Enquire of
R. Grant fz Co.,Union.
R. Grant Si Co of Union, B. C.
have 26 tons of good potatoes
for sale.
Real   Estate Snaps.
For sale in acre and half acre lots
prairie land of best quality, situated on
the Tsolum River and within a mile aad
a half of Courtenay. Railway survey close
tc it. Splendid ��� shing and hunting near
by. Apply at this office or toW.E.Harm
ston on the premises for price and terms.
Local Brevities
What's new? Cubb,s Cough Cure is
new, effectual and speedy.
Our tonsorial f-iend, Tommy Graham
is putting on some artistic touches to his
front  fence.
N it-holies & Renouff of Victoria is the
place to buy your agricultural implements
See their ad on this page.
The wharf at Comox is receiving some
needed repairs, but the bridge is shaking
as though it had an attack of ague.
Il is rumored that Mr. Robert   Grant
ofthe Mines has purchased a house and
lot in the village of Courtenay.
It is understood that Mr.McArdle has
retired from the stage business.
FOR Sale.��� One horse wagon,
bolster springs, wiih seat and box. Enquire of D. Stewart or this office.
Comcrford, of Morgan 8: Ctfmerford.
the popular Nanaimo tailors is expected
up on thc steamer to day. Now i*. your
chance for spring suits.
The Captain and engineer of the SS.
Rainbow drove over to Courtenay last
week. They had heard a good deal a-
bout the place, and concluded to t'ike a
look for themselves. It is needless to
say they were pleased.
Mr.Rcnnison of the upper settlement
left Friday for Vancouver. His daughter
a young lady of 18 years, is dangerously
sick there and lie went in response to a
message which came Wednesday.
John Grant ofthe Riverside is putting
up a neat fence, enclosing a small strip
on the south side ofthe hotel, which will
be converted into a flower garden.
Wm Lewis has begun the work of fencing in the new street which passes thro1
his property between McKim's residence
and the Soda Waler establishment.
While the compost heap back of John
Grant's barn was being removed last Sat
urday a long lost gold ring with a valuable rubv setting waa found by one of the
excavators. It belonged to Billy Glennon
Those who like a half acre or a whole
acre of the finest open prairie land, on
ihe banks of a picturesque stream, and
within easy distance of Courtenay, would
do well to call nn W. E. Harmston ofthe
Middle Prairie road. The location will
some day be known as Central or Junction City.
And now s ome of the signers to the
fund for cutting down the trees to obtain
a view of the placid waters of the Gulf
are kicking because the job is not complete, and would much prefer to put up
a little more and obtain a larger view.
McPhee & Moore are enterprising mer
chants.   They keep Cubb's Cough Cure.
J. J. Grant of hotel fame has remed of
Jack Roe that plat of ground cultivated
last year by Doctor Scharschmidt ami
will be prepared to exhibit at thc Agricultural Show here next fall some specimens of roots and "sich" in competition
with all the world.
There is a haunted house up the settle
ment. When you approach it at night
there is seen a bright light at thc window
but as you reach it the light suddenly
Methodist Service will be held at
Denman Island April 16th at 11 a. m.
and 7 p. m. Preaching by Rev. Jchtt
Robson, B.A. Pastor. At Union then-
will be morning and evening service In-
local preachers.
Wanted.��� A second hand cooking
stove in good condition, and having .t
large fire box for wood. Enquire at thc
News office, Courtenay.
The ladies ofthe Presbyterian Church
here are preparing for a bazaar on the 251 li
inst. It promises to be a very pleasant
affair.   Say! let us all go.
John May, representing the Sehl-Ha**
tie-Erskine Furniture Co of Victoria arrived on the Joan last Wednesday. He
will canvass the district in the interest of
that Company, which is a first class one.
His prices are reasonable and the con
tern has a high reputation for fair dealing, and good goods.
Down at thc Bay steamboating is increasing. The Joan reaches there every
Wednesday from Victoria and Nanaimo
touching at way landings, and returning
on Friday morning. Vancouver afford-**
two steamers, one leaving there on
Thursday, going north and reluming nt
the Bay Saturday or Sunday, the otner
reaching there Mondays from Vancouver
and returning Tuesday. Good for Comox,
Mrs. McKim returned last Wednesday
with a large consignment of milliner y
goods. She has opened Millinery Pat*
tors at her residence in Courtenay, and
has the finest display ever seen in Co
mox District, and eveiylhing is uf tie
latest and most artistic design. There
are hats, flowers, Jaces, parasols, in large
variety and all of bewitching loveliness.
She sold seven hats thc next day after
her arrival. She is an expert in Burl,
matters and her judgement may be sale
Iy followed.
Ladies are invited to rail, and examine
the goods.
Cubb's Cough Cure is leading in the
cities as the safest, surest, and speediest
remedy for Coughs, Colds, Whooping
Cough and kindred ailments.
Puntledge School
(March Roll of Honor)
Pupils attending, 41; average attendance, 3-1. At the head of their respective
classes: sth class, Winfred Rennisnn; 41I1
class, Adelaide Willemar; 3rd class, Eddie Parkin; and class, Sophia Garnet; 1 -t
class, Bert  Creech,
J. B. Bennett, teacher.
Ottawa, April 7.��� Mr. Drnry has resigned his position in the Interior Department and has been engaged by the
British Columbia Government to niakt- a
photo-typographic survey of that Proviix e
Vancouver Island Vacancy.
Ottawa, April 8.��� A writ for the election in Vancouver Island District, to fill
the vacancy caused by the death of Mr.
D. W. Gordon M. P.. has been issued.
The nominations are to be on May 2nd,
and the polling on thc 9th. Mr. Marshall Bray, the Government agent, has
been appointed Returning Officer, AGRICULTURAL.
KcsnlU in Hit* Far North Willi the ��Vlrl-rut-
���*��i Ladoga Varlely���Teats as i�� �����* Bread'
nuiltlns; 1'haracter Ullea.
The last bulletin of the Central Experimental Farm is'levr-tcl to n. report on llie
oxoeriniema in the Norlh-Wo-'t with Udoga
wheat. Mr. Saunders, ihe director, s*.ys ���
���For many years past the Importance of
obtaining tiie earliest ripening varieties of
������rain which the world could furnish for te8t
iu tiie Canadian North-West, had impressed
itself on thc minds, of many of those who
took an interest in thai country. In 18S2
when the litfo Charles Qlbb, of Abbotaford,
Que., visited Ruula in company wilh
Pro. J. L. Budd, of Iowa, for the purpose
of Euqtiirlng into lhe character and hardiness of tho fruits grown in the northern
part s ot Lhat country, ho made inquiries also
regarding the earlv ripening varieties of
wheat to be found there. Having carefully
Studied the character of the climate, ho us-
oertainod tint the season was short and that
tho cliiuiii,* conditions in some parts of
Russia closely resemble those which obtaii
In districts in the North-West Torrltorle
of Canada, and (hiding that ��ome of th
wheals iu cultivation there  ripened very
oarty, It ideavoured to procure samples
to bring home wilh him, but did not succeed
in obtaining ihem. In conversation with
him after his return, Information was oh
laiueil as lo the localities and Hourci's whero
the most promising of the early ripeniii'*
wheats would probably be found, ami ns
Rnon as the experimental farm system was
Inaugurated, early in llio winter of lHSli,
umler Instructions oi tho Dominion Minister of Agriculture, oorroHpomlence was
opened with a noted seed dealer in ltiga,
Russia, Mr. K. Goeggiuger, who ha-*)
made a epeotfti study of Russian cereals.
Simples ot the host Red Fife obtainable
wero sent to him, and ho was requested
to select from the varieties Brown
north of Riga, thooarlteatanrtorsortato ho
found, anl if possible to secure grain
e |mil in n.,aUty to tho best Red Fife.
Ho was also requested to interest himself iu obtaining for test on the experimental farms samples of other varieties
grown as far north iu that country aa the
cultivation of wheat extended, so that op
portunfty might ho had for testing hero all
i li<- more promising sorts to bo found in
Norlheiii Russia, with tho hope of finding
anion-,' them a hard wheat of good quality,
which would ripen early enough to escape
the autumn frosts, whicli sometimes injure
thc crop in some parts of the North-West
The variety which Mr, Goeggingerreoom-
mended as moat likely to moot the requirements of the ease was thc Ladoga, grown in
latltudo IS') near Like Ladoga, north ot St,
Petersburg, and by latitude 800 miles north
of the city of Winnipeg. This variety is
said to he highly esteemed in Russia both
for its quality and earlincs.-*. Ono hundred
bushels of this wheat was ordered and received in Ottawa early in tlio spring of 1887-
when .samples were submitted to Homo of
the loading millers and other expert judges
who pronounoedjit to be a promising wheat
which they believed would grade almost as
high as No. 1 hard. The kernel was plump,
longer than Rod Fife but not, so bright in
odour and It weighed (il lbs. per bushel.
Samples of this grain weighing three lbs.
f'ueh were distributed for test without delay to farmers in different parts of the Dominion, ���!" of which went to Manitoba
and tho North-West Territories and 1,200
lbs. was forwarded by the Commissioner of
Indian Affairs to bo distributed among tho
Indian agencies.
The demand from the North-West for
Samples of this grain was Urge and it was
found necessary to order another 100 bush'
els from Riga which was received early in
the spring of 1888. 'Si') reports wero re-
uulved from fanners who had tested the
Ladoga in 1837- and 301 from those who
tested it in 1838, and theso show lhat the
Ladoga had ripened on the average ten days
earlier than the Red Fife wherever tested.
A bulletin was Issued on tliissuhjectlNo -1-
in March, 1SSS, giving particulars of such
iittoi ination as was obtainable regarding this
wheat to that dale.
In order to form aoorroot judgment as to
MlO tjtiaHly of this grain as gtOWIl ill this
Country, opinions were sought from llie must
competent judges ami hoards of experts
in tho Dominion. Tlio most prominent
among the Dominion grain Inspectors, the
largest millers, and the Hoards of Trade at
Montreal, Toronto and Winnipeg woro all
consulted.    Kloven samples   nt   Ladoga,
four nf which hail been grown ill Manitoba,
four in lh,: North West Territories, and
three in ilns Maritime Provinces, were
Selected for .scrutiny. The samples sent to
each were all out of  the  Haine  bags,  they
wore sent just ai tlioy were received from
the growors; information was given as to
(In- name ot the variety, tho names ami '
addresses of the parties who had grown tho
samples, and an opinion askod for as to
bow   tliese  samples  Would  grade   itl    the
marlcota of this country, if offered in quantity, and how they would compare in value
with lied I'iie. With reference to the
purpose of this introduction, I quote the
following from the letter which accompanied
the specimens, "the object of this introduction is not by any means to displace
the Rod Fife. I think the growth of that
\ arlety should bo encouraged in every
practicable v/ny, hut the Minister of Agriculture desires that an earlier wheat of
good quality should be secured to be grown
where ilie lied Fifecloea not succeed, and
thus discourage ami prevent as far iih is
practicable the introduction of soft
and inferior varieties of wheat, ho
that the present high standard of our Nortli-
VVost grain may be generally maintained."
The opinions given ou these samples���which
were Identically the same iu each
were most varied aud contlicling. The same
sample was pronounced "hard" by ono
hoard of exports, "soft "by another, "hard1
by a third, but " Worth ~> rents a bushel less
than No, I hard," while a fourth judge pro-
nouneod it as "extra No, I hard."
Samples of tho same lot were submitted
for analysis to Mr. F. T, Mhutt, Chemist of
the Dominion Experimental Farms, ami the
results of his analyses published in Bullottn
I show that tho belter sample*} of Ladoga
oontatnod ns largo a percentage ol gluten
in thn host Had Fife, and the quality of a
hud wheal is believed to depend mainly on
the proportion of gluten In contains.
In November, 1883, sixteen bushels of
Ladoga wheat which had been grown at the
Experimental Farm at Indian Head were
taken to the roller mill at Fort Qu'Anpetlc,
N.W.T., with asimilar quantity of Rod
Fife which had been grown in an adjacent
field. The Hour of the Ladoga, when compared with the Red Fife, was found to have
it yellow shade. Several sacks of llonrfrom
both tliese varieties were forwarded to
Ottawa, and bread carefully made from each
under my own supervision. The Ladoga
was found to produce a drier Hour than the
Rod Fife, and 100 lbs, of the Ladoga flour
produced '2 lbs, more of bread than the
same quantity of the other, Tho bread
made from both samples hud a yellowish
tint, but tho yellow colour was moro pronounced in the bread made from the Ladoga
Hour. Samples of this bread were submitted to Die members of the Committee on
Agriculture of tho House of Commons then
in session, where they were both pronounced
uf goodqitality,
A sick of each sort of (lour was Bent to
two of tho leading bakers in Ottawa, who
tested it carefully and .submitted reports, i
One stated that the Ladoga Was a stronger
Hour than tho Red Fife aud would make
in <re broad to tllO barrel, but the colour  of
the broad mado from it was not so good ���
the oilier was alii of opinion that the
Ladoga was the stronger flout of tho two,
but being darker in colour Mould not command so high a price as the Red 1'ife.
Samples of bread mado from the Ladoga
were sent to a number  of  people of  good
judgment in Ottawa, by whom it was pronounced to be of good quality.
In summing up the evidence brought to-
SHH   """*"��� ' ****���"*"'.***'-L" _'"--'-"r'-' r���-i"-m,i.�� ,������������.    -, ,^j,    _������,���.-������    -������      --..rr���
gather in Bulk-tin 4 I used the following j yot to be had which will give the same sat-
words, which I thought wore justified by isfactory returns, both for home and foreign
the facts presented t���"The better samples j trade.
of Ladoga are fully as rich iu gluten as the | A*- samples of testimony from settlers and
best Red Fife and whilo the cultivation of others in favour of Ladoga the following arc
the Red Fife should be recommended In j submitted aud many moro such might be
every section of the North-West,   where [given,    Mr.   John Boclea oi Stony   Plain,
it is likely wilh early sowing to cscapo tin
autumn frosts, the growth of the Ladoga
may be safely encouraged wherever the
ripening of the Red Fife is uncertain, without incurring tin risk of materially lowering
the reputation or the general quality of
Canadian hard wheats."
In the annual reports of the Experimental
Farms for theyears 1880,1800 and [891, further particulars were given of the testing of this
wheat, and it is shown that, the quality ot
early ripening has been maintained throughout. Many efforts were mado during the
past two years to secure a sullicient quantity of Ladoga to make a thorough test at
nne of the larger mills as to the quality of
the flour which could be made from it, as
the early tests made in a small way were
held to be insiillicietit and unreliable,
Finally MeBsrs. McLaughlin ,V Moore, of tho
Royal Dominion Mills, of Toronto, agreed to
make a thorough test J a car load of this
wheat could be procured for the purpose.
On learning that it could be got in the
Prince Albert district, where some of the
farmers had grown Ladoga very successfully
lor several years, Mr. A. Ma.-kay, Superintendent of theKxperiinontal Farm at Indian
Head, was requested lo visit that locality
early in the year aud purchase the necessary quantity of pure Ladoga. This
reached Toronto early in April, and on the
28tll of that mouth the grinding was begun.
I was present during the greater part of the
day and saw the working of the wheat and
was satisfied that the teat was fairly conducted.
On the 0th of May, Mr. McLaughlin
wrote as follows;���" Mr. Coleman has
tried the flour, so lu,s Mr. Nasmitli, but
neither have yot made tests satisfactory to
themselves, So far as we have seen of the
bread it looks as if the colour was going to
prove very yellow and the strength better
than we anticipated, but nothing positive
can be said until these bakers have made
satisfactory tests." Oil the 10th he says ;
���" In our yesterday's letter we said that
so far as we had yet seen of the Ladoga
bread it was going to prove very yellow.
To-day we havo samples from both bakers
which are surprisingly different from the
samples on which wo based the " very yellow" opinion. Mr. Nasmitli, 1 think, in
tends sending you somo loaves of bread,
which if they reach you in good order, will
do something to confirm your faith in
Ladoga, Wo shall not venture any further on nion until the bakers have made
their final tests." On tho same day Mr. J.
D. Nasmitli wrote as follows :-���" I sent
you today by express three loaves, two
from the Ladoga Hour,* the other one is
from McLaughlin's 'Queen.' The first
comparative trial a week ago was surprising, establishing strength enough, but such
a very yellow colour as I never saw before
iu broad. To-day's sample if it reaches you
in time, I know will gratify you as it did
me, I did not at all anticipate such results
from first trial." When this bread arrived
I was absent from homo and did not return
for several weeks when tho bread was
spoilt. Those who saw it and tested it
while fresh pronounced it excellent.
Nothing further wus heard on this subject until I ltd June, when Mr. McLaughlin
wrote again as follows :���" We have now
had sufficient experience of the Ladoga
Hour to satisfy us t'lat it is never going to
he a favourite with bakers. Nasmitli has
not been able to repeat the loaf he sent you,
and Coleman condemns it in unstinted
terms, a third man, Ii. Woodman of Park-
dale, to whom wesent some had quite as
bid an experience as Coleman. Theso are
the only three to whom wo have sent the
flour. Certainly the bread���all but that one
sample of Nasiniths���was unfit for Toronto
Mr. McLaughlin's final report on this
subject was written nn the 25th August,
and reads as follows i���
Toronto, 25th August, \W.I2,
Prof. Wm. Saunders, Dtnctor Domfnion Experimental Farms, Ottawa.
Dear Sin,���Ou the 28th April last, we
ground 000 bushels Ladoga wheat shipped
to us from I'rince Albert, N. W. T.
The wheat was iu good condition, fairly
plump, free from siniit or frost and very
In grinding it worked quite different from
ordinary Manitoba hard wheat, being
hinder to reduce ami requiring more power,
lu this respect it resembled " goose" wheat
more than any other variety.
We Bent some of the " Patent " and some
of the "Strong Rakers" flour to different
baker*- iu Toronto, telling them what it
was, and requesting them to be as careful
in their baking tests as we hud been in milling it.
in every te-t the Hours wero pronounced
Inferior to tho flours from ordinary No. 1
uml No. '2 hard Manitoba wheat.
In all cases the deficiency iu strength, thc
very yellow colour, and the coarse texture
of the bread wore the evils complained of.
No dealers who tested il could be persuad--
cd to buy tho flours afterwards, even at a
considerable reduction iu price from thc
price of Hours similarly made from No. 2
hard Manitoba.
Later tests, after the Hours had boon six
weeks old, resulted no better.
Hakcd as household flour, the Ladoga
Patent and Strong Rakers worked fairly and
made broad that was up to the quality of
much that is used in some places, hut not
good enough for people who aro particular
as to appearance as woll as taste.
Our different experiences with this flour
lead ua to tnis conclusion.
Good unfrosted Ladoga wheat, such as the
lot we ground, will make bettor flout- than
No, '2 regular Manitoba wheat, but not as
good as No. 1 regular Manitoba.
We Btill have Home of both grades of the
Ladoga Hour on hand, which we would ho
pleased to dispose oi to any ouo who wished
to test it further.
We are yours \ery truly,
From the facts submitted it would appear
that while it. is possible to muke good bread
from Ladoga Hour it is milch easier to make1
bread of an inferior quality, and unless thu
proper methods for treating this flour to procure uniformly good rOIUlta COUld be ascertained it is not likely that Ladoga will bo
acceptable either to millurs or bakers, as
long ns the Hour of the Red Fife is obtainable. Heme wherever Red Fife can be |
ripened, the efforts of those settlers engug
ed in wheal growing in the Nortb-Wes*.
should be directed toils production by early
sowing and a proper preparation of the soil.
It is to be regretted that the Ladoga wheat
has not in quality moro fully realized thc
hopes whL-h were first based on it, Since
Ilulletin No. I was published it has been
found that tho gluten in different varieties
of wheat, although responding alike to
chemical tests, varies In its physical properties of toughness and elasticity and that
in these particulars, tho gluten in Red Fife
is superior to that in most other wheats.
The presentation of this case of thc
Ladoga would not, however, be complete
without quoting from somo of the letters
which have been received iu favour of this
grain. It is undoubtedly a week or ten
lays earlier iu ripening than Red Fife aud
there is uo early variety among all the
hard spring wheats which wo have tested
which has more good points than Ladoga.
Some of the varieties imported from India
are as early, but they are such poor yieldors
that no furinor would cure to grow them, and
no sufficient quantity has been grown here
to admit of their being tested by (he millers.
Many crossbred varieties havo been produced at the Central farm, between Rod
Fife and these early sorts with the hope of
originating new wheats equal in quality to
Ibid Fife and earlier. Until these new sorts
arc mull iplied uud their relative value as-
cortainod, settlors in the Canadian North-
West would do well to devote their attention tothe growing of lied Fife, and place it
under such conditions as to give it, every
chance of maturing since no other wheat is
Edmonton, North-West Territories, writes
on March 7th, lH!)-.', as follows : " 1 sowed
a couple of acres of Ladoga last year on the
same day as my Red Fife, and reaped it U
days earlier. It was a splendid crop perfectly free from smut. I consider it a first
class wheat, 1 had a grist ground at t he mill,
and I never want a better quality of flour,
notwithstanding the reports to the con>
Mr. Henry H. Hayward, of Hayward,
Assa., wiites under date of March 2Ctlt,
1892, and says ; " In the spring of 1SS9 1
sowed a 3-lb. sample of the Ladoga wheat
which you wero kind enough to send me,
and in llie fall of last year (1801) 1 thrashed
17-1 bushels, the result of thc 3-lb sample.
Tin- Pith of this month 1 took to the roller
mills at Fort Q.u'Appello 51 bushels to be
tested as to what sort of flour it would
make. The amount l received iu Hour was
33 lbs. of the best, and about :t lbs.
of poor grade per bushel of (HI lbs. I may
say that the sample of wheal was a fair
one, there being no trace of smut iu it. The
gruiu was much lodged by a storm which
caused grout waste in harvesting, yot I
thrashed .'lo bushels to tho acre." A sample
ofthe flour was sent by Mr. Hayward of
that pari of the grist which was supposed
to bo perfectly pure, and it appeared to be
very good, but was a little yellow iu color.
Mr. Alex. MoGibbon- Inspootor of Indian
Agencies, writes on November 12th, ISO-,
from Onion Lake Reserve, 100 miles northwest of Battleford, and says : " I take I In
liberty of sending yon a sample of Ladoga
wheat grown on this Agency, It was trlod
for tbe first timo this year. Tho Indian
fields gave a return of 1*2 bushels per acre,
bill it was badly damaged by gophers, the
season being vory dry, Half nn acre
sown by the Agent iu his own field,
aud which received attention, gave a return
at the rate of -14 bushels per acre, The
whole of thin lot is equal to the sample I
send you. It was sown on the '-''.'ml of
April and harvested on tho 3rd of September." Tke ramplo sent by Mr. McQlbbon
was very line uml plump.
The Agent at Onion Lake Reserve, Mr.
G. O. Mann, inu recent report to the Department of Indian Affairs, says : " All
the wheat was saved without damage by
frost, the yield being very poor, with the
exception of the few bushels of Ladoga
wheat, which turned out fairly well. In
consequence of this 1 have asked in my I.- (l.'i
estimates for a supply of 200 bushels of
Ladoga for seed, which if supplied, will 1
am certain, turn out very woll, as it ripens
so much earlier than the old grade of wheat
thero would be no danger from frost."
Favorable reports havo also been received
from other Indian Agencies iu the north
concerning tho successful growth of this
I am indebted to Mr. C. C. Clnpman,
Commissioner for the Hudson Hay Company
for tho privilege of Bending to a number of
the posts of that company in the far north-
"Ve Dominion, samples of
cm iiistricts of tin
grain of onc pound each for test and roport.
These were sent in the autumn of
1891 to be grown in 1802, Tbe
The officer in charge of Fort Vermillion,
Athabasca District, about 520 miles northwest of Calgary, writes as follows: "The
sted was sown on lhe 14th of May last and
Harvested on the 23rd of August. There
wus no ruin whatever for tho three weeks
after the seed was sown. Tho Red File did
uot head out at all; the yield of the Ladoga
wus 1*2 lbs., weighing 00 lbs. per bushel* Ron-
an/a oats, 9 lbs, ; Prize ('luster oats, 7 lbs. ;
Ronnie's Improved Six-rowed Barley, 111
lbs. ; Spring Rye, 18 lbs. Through tho
kind courtesy of Mr. Chipman I havo received samples of tliese different sorts of
uples have also come in from M.c samo
source from Fort Simpson in the Mackenzie
River District, about Toll miles north-west
of Calgary. The ollicer in charge of that
post writes as follows: "Tho kinds of
grain sown were Ladoga wheat, Reuuie's
Improved six-rowed barley and I.���-nan/a
oats. The two latter never ripened but the
wheat yielded I- lbs. of good ripe gruiu.
Tlio date at which these varieties wore
planted here was the 7th of June and the
wheat was harvested on September l!2ud.
The Ladoga in this instance weighed H2} lbs.
per bushel.
A very lino sample of Ladoga wheat was
received last year grown at Duuveauii
the Peace River District, about 340 miles
northwest of Calgary, which weighed 04 lbs,
per bushel. A sampU has also been received grown at Isle a la Crosse, about 170 miles
noith of Prince Albert, weighing 04 lbs pei
bushel, No other wheat has ever given
such results as these iu thoso distant northern regions,
While these tests and experiments with
tho Ladoga have been in progress, a large
acreage has been devoted on each of the
Experimental Farms at Indian Head,
North-West Territories and Brandon,
Manitoba, to tiie growth of Pure Red Fife,
for thc purpose of supplying farmers whose
seed had become mixed, with pure grain for
a fresh start; and it is proposed to continue
this work on a still larger scale in future,
so that the means may bo afforded of renewing the stock of this valuable gruiu from
timo to timo from a pure source. Many
farmers in the west have had forwarded to thorn from Ontario during
the past few yours, samples of eastern soft wheats for trial, and in this
way White Russian, Colorado, Rod Fern
Golden Drop and other varieties have bo n
introduced and in some localities grown to
a considerable extent. Although these
varieties soon burden in thut climate aud
some of them are theu difficult to distinguish from Rod Fife, they do not contain
the quality of gluten which is found in the
Red Fife ; and any considerable admixture
of any inferior sort will sooner er later lower
the character and probably reduce to acme
extent the price paid for hard wheats, It
has been supposed by some people who have
not inquired very closely into the matter
and are not conversant with the peculiarities
of the different varieties that all the soft
wheats grown iu Manitoba and the Northwest Territories are Ladoga. The Ladngu
is not uml never has been in our experience
a soft wheat and there is no doubt that the
quantities grown iii tbo North-west of
the other varieties referred to far exceed
tho quantity of Ladoga wliich has been pro-
dueed. While the idea of growing Ladoga
wheat as a competitor for Red Fife for export or the general homo trade, should be
abandoned, there is no doubt that thc flour
of the Ladoga makes excellent and nutritious bread for homo uso, and where wheat
growing is carried on in the more northern
districts in a limited way for home consumption, and where Red Fife seldom ripens, or I
on the Indian Reserves where a yellow tint
in tho bread is not a matter of so much I
significance, the Ladoga wheat will still
prove ii most useful and desirable vuricly.
Winter Nightfall-
Tho roso Ins faded from the western sky
Behind the lavs' mill.
Tin-snow's wind-craven drifts In bcauly Ho
Where all is gray ami still.
Now dim and faint thc distant steeple grows
While ni)* tit's drear shadows cro-**1
Across the land, and dull the weird repo*=e
Of allien wood and steep.
Above tho Holds a great enamelled star
Is sparkling cold and white;
The deep dark ourtftins of the east afar
Shine with a sudden light,
And in a moment, with a silver flood,
Thc fill) moon rises chill
Behind the tangle of the sombre wood
That orowns the distant hill.
���[Harper's Weekly,
The Owners ofthe Universe-
Let us cover up the sunbeams
Lying all nroiind our path
Got a trust on wheat and roses,
Give the poor the thorns and chaff.
LotUS Hnd our choicest pleasures
Hoarding bounties of to-day,
So (ho pour-.hull have scant measure
And two prices have to pay.
Yes, wo'll reservoir all rivers,
And we'll levy nu tho lakes,
And we'll a lay a I rilling poll tux
On each poor man who ptrlako-t;
Wo'll brand his number on him
That he'll carry t lirmigh his life;
We'll upprenlii'cnll his children,
(iota mortgage on his wife.
Wo will capture e'en the wind-god,
And conllne him in a cave;
And Mien through our patent process
Wo thealino-phere wlllsavo;
Thus wo'll si'iict-y.uunr litllo brother
Whon tils lungs ho trios to fill,
Put a meter on his wind pipe
And present our little bill.
We will syndicate (tic starlight;
And monopolize tho moon;
Claim a royalty on rest days,
A proprietary noon;
For right of way 1 hrongh ocean's spray
We'll charge .tint what it's worth ;
We'll drive Oltr slakes around thc take-
in fact, we'll own the earth.
���[Great Thoughts (London).
I Should Fortret.
If I could know that e'er another sun,
My task on earth wore ended and my Hfcwork
IMcthbiks I should forgot, tn chide
For every act remiss -of selfish pride.
My thought would bo, O Lord with me
I should forgot tho years of toil nnd strife,
Iu reaching out to grasp eternal life.
1 should forget tho lonely years,
The days so full of torturing fears,
Tho weary nights of bittor tears.
All wrongs I should make haste to set aright;
Bury the past in darkness deep as night.
I should forget the taunts and sneers,
1 should forget the.ics',8 and,| er-i,
Whicli 1 met thoso men)' yoar.-i.
The loves and hates of earth I'd lay aside,
Why should 1 choose to bear them o'er thc
tide ���
I should forget the loves of earth
And every hate which had been given
All, I'd forget, but heavenly wor.h.
-[Lyrtlu A. Riches,
Common Things.
(live mo, dear Lord, thy magic common tiling-.
Which all can see, which all may share ���
Sunlight and dowdrnps, grass, and stars, nnd
Nothing unique or now and nothing rare.
Just daisies, knapweed, wind among Ihc
Somo clouds to cross tho blna old sky above
Rn In, winter fires, a useful hand, a heart,
Thu common glory of a woman's love.
Then, whon my foot no longer tread old paths
(Keep thom from fouling sweet things any-
Writeoneoldepitaph iugraeelit words:
Siii*li things look fairer that ho  sojourned
-ITho Spectator.
The Old Front Walk.
I'm dreaming oft of the old front walk,
Which led t'1'iitjr-.ihe gait- to the door,
Its borders rich with old-fashioned bloom;
Which lot! fron-uhe gate to the door,
'�� borders rich with old-fash'      "   '
I'll800it, alas! nevermore,
llright posies mother eared for nnd loved,
Itlnomcd freely ndown thelong way ;
The bachlor's buttons, white, pink and blue,
And marigold golden nnd gay.
The f i-lngy popples, quaint four-o'clocks.
And l-oliyhouks, comely nnd tall,
The larkspurs blue, ami clematis vino,
All over t lie old garden wall.
The (ullp-t bright, near the spicy pinks,
Sweet rosemary, thyme, mignonette,
Tho Mines tall, and syringia blooms-
Such fragrance is dear to mc yet!
Tho pungent, dill I there plucked for church.
And munched -smiling shyly at Nuto.���
(l rare, O blest; the soft Summer nights,
To linger with him at the gate 1
'he zephyr* wafted a sweet perfut
When slowly we sauntered to talk;
The zephyr* wafted a sweet perfume.
When slowly we sauntered to tar"
Hut sweeter far was t he story old
Ho told moon the old front walk.
���[Fanny L. Fancher,
A Oase of Deep Interest to all Woman-
Naveil Through n la-mat -Uln-ici- nl a
\-*\.sp:ipi*r.���Weak, I'-ilr, nnil In it 11-*-
������InriiWe I oiidllliiii When Uolli-M'aiiir.
~Aiinllii-rlli-uiarl.ah1f* Trlumpli far u
l.ri'iit riiMiiilitiii Itt-mrily.
Dubuque Times���
Do you think you are apathetic, and that
all seems dead? What you have to do is not
to believe in apathy ; under the silent apathy of Winter is hid the (lowing stream and
the -tinging of birds.
In many parts of <!rent llrilain the super-
tittoit still survives that it is folly or mad-
scssto save a drowning man, as he will-
ooner or latar, do an i.ijury to tho rescuer.
Tho superstition comes down from our ancestors, yet tiaces of it exist among the
Sioux ami other Indians, who seom to have
inherited it from aboriginal sources, Tho
belief is most prevalent in Cornwall ami
ariotis parts of Scotland.
Boxing matches arc very popular with
tho Burmese, They hold public contests,
at which pri/.t-s arc oftcrcd for competition,
and to which peoplo (lock from the country
round. The form displayed would, how-
over, scarcely moot wilh the approbation nf
British patrons of the noble art of self defence. Kvery sort and kind of hit is allowed, and the combatants attack one another
with feet as well as hands.
Amone the peculiar conditions with
which the people of the present age are
endowed, is a remarkable capacity for
doubting- A toll belief only comes alter a
careful investigation, and after positive
poofs have been presented. Current report said there had been a remarkable cure
in the case of a lady of Savanna, III., but
as current report is not always accurate,
and us the story told whs one possessing
deop interest for the public, 'lhe Times
determined upon a thorough investigation
into the muter. The result of this investigation proved that not only was the
story true, but that thecase was even more
remarkable than thc public had been given
.Mr. A. 11. Kenyonisthe fortunate owner
of a comfortable house, well kept and with
pleasant surioiindings, .situated on Chicago
avenue, Savanna, 111., and it was there ttio
reporter sought him to learn of the sickness
of bis wife, and tiie cure of which so much
is being said, lu answer to tho bell a lady
appeared at the door, and to un empiiry for
Mr. Kenyou said, he was employed by the
railroad company, worked at nights and
was asleep. "Ib Mrs. Kenyou well enough
to see me','" the reporter then asked. With
a very suggestive smile she said: "Thero
is no doubt of it," and inviting the reporter
in, informed him that she was tho lady in
question. When told tha reporter's mission she said: "The statemont of facts as
yon have made it is quite true, I did not
think my case waa or special interest outside of iny own family and friends, but if
what information I can give you will be of
any use to anyone else you are welcome to
it. 1 own my present good health to h
oaaual glance utjanowspaper.andas with mo
some oilier woman may be fortunate."
Mrs. Kenyou i*, an intelligent lady-like
woman, and hor home bears evidence of her
great capabilities as a house-wife. She told
her story as follows:���
" I was born in Warren county, New
York, thirty-three years ago. I was married when I was It) and came tn .Savanna
seven years ago. With the exception of
being at times subject to violent sick headache, I considered myself a healthy wou-an
up to tive years ago. At that Lime I was
very much run down and an easy prey to
the over present malaria in and about the
Mississippi bottom lands. I was taken
violently ill und during tho succeeding five
or six months was the greater part of tho
time helpless. The local physicians said I
bad been affected by malarial and intermittent fevers, I continually grew weaker
and finally went to see Dr. MeAvey of Clinton, la., who is ii'putded to be one of the
ablest physicians in the Mississippi Valley.
Me treated mo for a time without beneficial
effoots, and finally told  mo ho thought he
I could help mo if I would absolutely abstain
from work. That was not to bo thought
of, If able to go about I had to look after
my household duties. I then consulted Dr.
Johnston of Savanna, My stomach would
not retain the medicine ho gavo me and he
cam" to the conclusion that my stomach
was badly diseased, Occasionally I would
choke down and nearly suffocate. 1 then
went to Dr. Matoney and he pronounced it
a caaeof heart trouble. Hehelpedme temporarily, but like the rest said 1 mint stop all
work or nothing could be done for me. All
this time 1 had grown weakerandpjler .intil
I was iu a deplorable condition. 1 had a continued feeling of tiredness, my muscular
power was nearly gone, and I could not go
up half a dozen steps without resting, and
often that much exercise would cause me to
have a terrible pain iu the Bide. Seemingly
the blood bad left my veins, I was pale as
death ; my lips were blue and cold and I
had given up all hope of over being better.
About tbe lirst of April last a young man
boarding with us received a Fulton, III.,
paper. It was his home paper sent bim by
his mother. 1 picked it up one day and in
glancing casually over its columns came
a toss an account of a marvellous euro
through the uso of Dr. Williams' I'ink Tills
for Pale. People. Candidly, 1 did not believe the story, and when my husband suggested that it would do no harm for me to
try tho pills I laughed at the idea. He insisted and I submitted, but I had no faith
whatever in tho pills. My husband sent for
two boxes and I took them. When I had
used these I was somewhat improved in
health. 1 continued their use and I felt
that I was growing stronger, iny sleep re-
f .���e'di-'d me and it i o nnd as if I could feel
new blood coursing through my veins, ]
kept on taking Pink Pill* until u short time
ago antl I now consider myself a healthy.
rugged woman. My house is full of boarders and I superintend all the work, lu other
words I work all the time and am happy all
the time. 1 am positive that Dr. Williams'
Piuk Pills for Pale People saved my life,
and I believe there ate thousands ot women
ho would find groat relief if they used
them. The .sick headaches 1 was subject to
have disappeared, and huve not had a single
attack since I commenced taking Dr. Williams' Piuk Pills."
Were there any disagreeable effects ftom
the medicine?'* i s ;ed the reporter.
"None whatever," replied Mrs. Kenyan.
"They are easy to take und the conditions
imposed by the directions are easily complied with. In common parlance I took
Pink Pills and they did the rest." Mrs.
Kenyou st Ueil tb;.t ull her neighbors knew
of her former condition and her restoration,
and one of them was called in, and when
asked of her knowledge of the case said :
"I have been intimately ne.-uainted with
Mrs, Kenyou and know of her illness. I
lock upon her recovery as something
marvellous. It is surely the unexpected
that happened in her case. Of my own
knowledge I cannot say what the nature of
her ailment was, but 1 know that she was
reduced t*> a mere sl-u low ; was the palest
and most ghost-like person I had ever soon.
Hers was a remarkable case. She would be
helpless one day and the next would bo supervising the work of her bouse, bub all the
time there was a noticeable loss of strength
and the natural vivaciousness of her nature
hud disappeared. It was generally thought
she must die as none of the physicians wbo
attended her seemed to und rstand her ease
or help her in the least. I was told of the
8 snding for Dr. Williams' Pink Pills uml of
course thought it the whim of a dying woman, or perhaps a sign that her husband still
insisted in hoping against hope. But you
can seethe result for youself, and it miracles
are not performed in these days I would be
plotted to know how todejciibe a oue of
this kind."
It is a remarkable 1.086. There is no
reason to doubt the sick bets of Mrs.
Kenyou and in juat tha form she describes
it. Hundreds of people in that immediate
neighborhood are fully conversant with the
facts of both sickness and cure, and discuss
t with sympathizing earnestness.    But few
fiersons have gono so close to tbe dividing
ine between lite and eternity und r.turned,
and from the fucts stated there is but a
single conculsion to be drawn-���Dr. Williams' Pink Pills tor Pale People did it.
Dr. Williams' Pink Pills are u perfect
blood builder nnd nerve restorer, curing
such itisoases as rheumatism, neuralgia,
partial paralysis, locomotor ataxia, St.
Vitiib'dance, nervous headache, nervous
proslraiiioi and the tired feeling therefrom,
the after afl'ects of lu grippe, inHuenxi and
severe colds, diseases depending on humors
in tbe blood, such ns scrofula, chrome
erysipelas, etc., Pink Pills given healthy
glow to pule and sallow complexions, and
are a specific for tho troubles peculiar to
the female system, uud in the ease of men
tbey effect a radical cure, In all cases arising from mental worry, over-work or ex-
���ess of any nature,
These Pills are manufactured by the Dr.
Williams' Medicine Company, Biockvill-*,
Out,, and Shdenectady, IS. Y,, and are sola
only in boxes bearing the firm's trade mark
and wrapper, at��0 cts. a box or six boxes
for $2.50. Bear in mind that Dr. \Villi��iis'
Pink Pills are never sold iu bulk, or by the
dozen or hundred, and any dealer who offers
substitutes in this form is trying to defraud
you and should bo avoided. The public are
also cautioned against all other so-called
Mood builders and nerve tonics, no mailer
what iiatuo may be given them. They arc
all imitations whose makers hopo to reap a
pecuniary advantage from the wonderful
reputation achieved by Dr. Williams' Pink
Pills. ABk your dealer for Dr. Williams'
Pink Fills for Pale People, and refuse all
imitations and substitutes.
Dr. Williams'Pink Pills may be had of all
druggists or direct by mail from Dr,
Williams' Medicine Company from either
address. Thc price at whicli these pills aro
nld u ii'tcs a course of treatment comparatively inexpensive as compared with other
remedies or medical treatment.
Mm. A. A. Williams
Lynn, Mass.
For the Good of Others
Rev. Mr,    Williams   Heartily   Endorses Hood's Sainapartlla.
We are pleased to present this from
UftV. A. A. Williams, of the Sillsbee
���itreet Christian Church, Lynn, Mass.:
" I see uo reason why a clergymen, more than
a layman, who knows whereof he speaks,
.should hesitate to approve nu
Article of Merit
nnd worth, from whleh he or Ids family havo
been signally heuclited, and whose coimueuda-
tloil may serve to extend those henetlls to
others by IlieroftslliK their contldenet-. My wifo
)ms tor many years boeu a sufferer from severe
Nervous Headache
for which she found Illlle belt). She has Hied
many things that promised well but performed Illlle. Last fall it friend (,':ivo her a bottle uf Hood's Marsaparllla. li seems surprising what simply one imttle could und did do
for her. The attacks of headache decrease,! lu
llUlllbor and were less violent in their Int'-n-
v-lty. while her general health has been im-
pro ed. Her appetite has ulso been better.
.From our experience wilh
Hood's Sarsaparilla
I have no hesitation in endorsing ii-* ��ni'i-ii-."
A. A. Williams.
The Darkey's Retort-
Jason, a Boston darkey, was summoned
to give evidence in a case in which it was
not bis interest to be identified.
When the time of trial came, Jason sent
the following note to the judge; "Can't
come, sah ; I'ue iu bed wid cr broken hip.''
The next day a deputy-sln-rifl'saw Jason
in the street, arrested him, uud took him
into court.
"Vou trifling rascal!" Baid the judge.
"I ought to send you to tbe Peuitentiary."
" What for, jedgel"
" For lying to th:s court."
"I diiln't lie tode court,"
" Von did���yon said you were lying in
bed with a broken hip."
"I wuz, jedge."
" How did you get well so soon I"
" Ob, dar wa'n't nuthin' de matter wid
me !"
"Then you havo lied to the court."
"No, sub, I hain't. My son broke his
hip hither day, an' 1 was lyiu' in bed wid
" Take the fool away !"
"Thank yer, jedge. De white folks doan
un'cistaiid a thing till ail ter it's splained,
but den dey soe it wid cr mighty bright
eye X*
The Lover's Lament-
Your (too Is like a drooping flowor,
Isee you failing, hour by hour,
Sweet heart!
Your rounded outlines waste a way.
In vain 1 weep, In vain I pray.
Whul power Heath's cruel hand can stay /
Sweetheart, Bweol heart I
Why, nothing but Dr. Pierce's Favorite
Prescription. It imparts strength to the
failing system, curoi organic troubles, and
f ir debilitated and feeble women generally,
is uuemialed. It dispels ineluiiclioly and
iierVflUHneBS, and builds up both lle-.lt and
strength. Guaranteed to give satislaetion in
every ease, or money paid for it refunded.
Slatternly wives drivo their husbands from
the fireside; and if tbey go where they waste
the money in drink, their wives may thank
themselves for it.
temporary inline, and stops toothache Instant
-y   Soldby drug-fists.
Greek wines nearly all turn to vinegar
No man can got very much of an education without going to school lo his mistakes.
A. P. 651.
V Scott's
of Cod-liver Oil and 11 ypophosphites
is both a rood and a remedy. It is
useful as a fat producer ami at the
same time gives vital force to the
body.    It is beneficial in
because it makes fat aud gives strength.
It Is beneficial for
because they can assimilate it when
they cannot ordinary loud.
It is beneficial for
because it heals the irritation of the
throat and builds up the body ami
overcomes the difficulty.
I-kl.ir.KIIUH014.il C1AXOH ISI., II.TIM
Successors toOnlario t'anne t'o., (Ltd.)
Makers of t'eierborotit-b fatines for lluntiiiK.
FUlltllft, BhOOUnfl Skltls,   Sail   Uiut-,  Steam
t-auncltes, Send 3 cent stamp tor Catalogue,
malic Shadln*.
��� name ami artistic do-tlitn In
- colors, from the llnest Auto-
I'en Artist iu Die world.
.._,...is, Artdroi
, Toronto, Ont,
Cures Const* mpti on, CoDglu. Croup, Sere
Thro.it. Said by all Druggists on a Gui-rantee.
Far a Unit* Side, Back or Chest Shiloh's PoroUl
Plaster will give great -atistaciion.���1*> cents.
-..aveyoubatarrh? This Hemedy will relievo
and Cure you. PrloofiUcts. Thia Injector tor
Ita Buect-ssful treatment, five, lteiiiember,
Bhiloh'sHeiuedlos aro sold on u-ruaruutee.
1 A\U Al IU 11- write to William UrlgK*1.
���iibllslier, Toronto
WANTED-*Ijulies and young men to luk
work nt thcirown home--- good price
and no can vasslng, Address standard IMiinu
fiictiirin-* Company, Lock Hox 107. South
Knimin-i;iiam,Muss. Kncloso stamp*1, mention
Electrical Supplies, Hell Outfits, &o.
antra  prnni|i1   and   reasonable.    .-School   ;
Experimenters' Supplies and Hooks.
36 ii 37 Adcfaido St. W., Toronto
You will have money in your pockets if ,\ou
buy vour first ebn-s Trees ot ine at lhe correct
prices 1 canouole yon this HpritiK on appliea
Hon. H.S. HURD.HaltonNuraerici, Bur
lington, Ont.	
That itcoiih. wonlil havo boon rogutarly using
nur 'Itiiltu Soujis sims1 ISI.'. Ifitrly-suioi, lung
yonrs) It th,y Itnd nut lion, nn, il, ��� Tin, imlillu
ure nut funis itiul.lu not conttntio to buy good,
unless i liny nro MttUfnotory,
Now rondy and mailed free to all applicants,
('lirefully H'leclcil l*'ariu and Garden Seeds,
uud Seed Drain, Choice Flower Seeds, (lean
l.'rass uml Clover Seeds. Special attention
paid to Corn for Ensilage.
WM.EWINC& co., ���rasar
lAtlta ofiumllcltt* sent l-'irr i" nny
. .nnl l*o,l Ullico j.l.lre,-.. It. if.
A'.IH.inl't SitLft. Tuiuiito, Out
Fire and Burglar-Proof
In use all over the Dominion. Wc .-ell direct to
tho ii-icr. thus tcivhiK thn
,iafil In
r Ihedl-eoiint u-uaMy
naii! in CotEinissioiis. Cat-
ioKiiei'ii application.
577 Craig St, Montroal.
fill''i'''"-i it* (if Hid
Ton vcar-t spent In
revising, nm editors
eiiiploveil, more than
9300,001) expended.
A Grand Educator
Abreast Of the Times
A Library in Itself
Invaluable In the
household, and to the
teacher, prol'em-ionul
mini, i-a-ll-educator.
Ask your Bookseller to hUow it to you.
l'lilillr-licd by
gysi-iul for fi-en iinwiwttir-i---ntulnliiK siwlinii
lui-r-. illiMr.iliiui'i, tt'-liiinnii.il. etc.
�� ft*"*"" net buy reprlnt.-i of undent edltiimx.
Vou do not have to
net siek In order to appreciate St. It-KON.
Itev. Mr. Potts say*-;
"I have used ST. LEON
W.vi'KUfor some time,
und helievo it (oho both
Curative und ltcfresiling."
It. Maud-, ahead or all
others osn table waler,
and oolip'ioa overy other
remedy as a gentle uud
pleasant regulator.
All DrugL'UiH, Grocow,
and Hotels or
-1 il>i *-������:>
Ives n, Night h
,viet.sk*epaiui_ _
hal you need nob
ipiiil night gasping
hrenth for fenrot
of name and P.O. Address	
will mail I'fI'M Itnllir
l)r Taki Mhos..Mkiui-im:
CO., Uni'he-ler. N'.Y.
Canadian OfflCO, 180 Adelaide Street West,
1 ��r��nio. -	
"WH-y buy
a Hoot or Shoe that does
not 111.   Why punishyoiir
-elf iuiillemnting inform
it loalio.it orshoo.
We mako   our
Hunt*- ami Blioet*
ABk for llie 3, D. King & Co,, Ltd., perfect lit
ting goods, and be happy.
Shoot  Music,   Mualc  Books, Guitars
Banjos, Violins, Accord none and all kind
of Band Instrumonts.   The large -I slock
Canada to choose from.
Got our price-i before purchasing olsuwhere
and save money,
58 VONQE STRICT        TJID-JO-   > J
Why bo troubled with PILES. EX<
perfectly Vu Vftlunbli
heve'f Failsuf\vn ia
HradOp-pick:TontiNro j cafleVof'lonflrtMdTng.^
.-.0Y.-g.St,   | ffltg&T&i^Vffi
HOOD'8 PILLS nro tlio boit fiuiillf cathartic,
(remit- and effective,   Try i lio:*.   J'rico iba
stores tho bcuso ol Biuell, and drives awavtno
a ULL HEADACHE experienced by all who havo
.turrh. Jpne be tile will work wonders.  .Price
oOc. At Druggist*-.  Rent by nmi) on receipt of
price by addressing
Send rot OuiinoH SHEET. Oh nioiirr or AKtmni,
LET Mi Select What ii Requkied.  Will Send Vou
PSIOi. IWODSME Beht BV MAIL., Neiiitekd,
, Coriieot *ito Cheap.
. .�� B.nuSl.uipf.rlllustiatcd Hook ,
sO-EX-a**.*****. OX.XT-I--EXXI
IgsOIIM. Machinist. 134 Kmj shut W, TORONTO
ffn**T*Tr>E*s>"    - "ti"
Retiring from Business.
Tito wholo of their valuable stock of
Diamonds, Watches, Jkwki.lrhv,
SiLVRiiWARR, Clocks, Bronzes, HrKt;-
TAcr-Rs, Oi'kua Glasses, Gold and
Simkr-TIk.-uikdCaxi-h. Fancy (.Ioods,
���fee., -to., to lio soli! at 26 per cent,
discount from regular prices, A
largo lino of Kaney I JooiIh to be sold
at half cost. Bargains in every D-i*
partinent. Como ami see.
4 00 Kogular prioe $7 00
6 OB Regular gi-U-e 10 00
200 Ladies' Solid Stiver Stem-winding Watohoo $400 Regular prioe
100 Ladles Solid OR. Gold Stemwlndlng Watclios at COB Regular prlos
100 Gentleman's Solid 10k. Gold Stomwlndlng Watohount....26 00 Regular Prloo 45
165 Gi-ntieman's Solid liit.   Gold Stent winding W-*.tche�� ;��t l& 00 Regular Price 75 00
1000 Nickel Alarm Clocks at 75 cents o ich.
Intondlng Purchasers should not miss   this opportunity   of Boourlni* from tha
flnost and largest stock In tho Dominion suck bargains as nro being offered.
The Holbrook children were all gathereil
in llie ii-iper front room, and the wildcat
confusion prevailed. Horace and Kmma
nnd Curl all tried to talk at onco, and Colin
and (Jraee every few minutes put their
voices iuto the general clamor.
"For pity's sake! What have Idone
with the blue cape': That must goin, anyway ; we can never dress the page without
it." This from Emma. Then Carl, in the
lame breath: "What has become of my
Oxford cap ! Celia, you little midget, 1 be-
lievo your fingers have been meddling with
my pile of things."
Then Horace, " Hush up about your old
Oxford, if I don't find the prompter's book
we bIiiiII be in n pretty mess ; they don't
half of tliein know their parts."
" Celia hasn't been in that corner of the
room, Carl, bo you need not blame her."
It was the older sister (1 race's more quiet
voice which succeeded in getting this sentence into tho general din, just as Kmma
shouted; "Look here, all of you, do you
know wo sln-U be late? The seven o'clock
ear has gone up. Oh, dear ! I don't see
Ami then Kmma reached a sudden pause,
an-1 draco und Horace exclaimed in dismay
while ('inI uuid composedly, "Of cotuse
you don't. The fact is wo don't any of us
see anything ; and are not likely to under
present circumstances."
"What made that light go out? "asked
Emma, in a despairing tone.
" buck of material to burn with, 1 should
say," was Horace's vt* rdiet as he t ried to o:
amino I ho lump hy the dim light which
���.'iiinii in from a street lamp at tht comer,
"It is very nearly empty ; I can tell by the
weight. Well, we mustn't stand here -
scurry around some of you and get another
i t ended by two or three of them making
a rush for mother's room. She held up a
warning finger. "Hush, children,, do not
excite baby; she is tm* wideawake as it is."
i- "Hut, mother, we are in a peck of trouble;
we can't get nur things picked up for thi
rehearsal ; and our light has gone out,
Where shall we get another ? "
"1 am very sorry for you," said Mrs.
Holbrook, "out 1 don't know what is to be
done, Two of tho other lamps are quite
einp'.y; und the wick of one is too short to
burn. Vou know, Horace, you und Carl
have both been told to get oil mid wicks for
two days pint, mid have forgotten it.
There Isn't mint her lamp you can have,
Nancy is using tho kitchen ono to make
baby's food, and I certainty cannot spnrc
this, for baby Is so restless und feverish
that I utn worried about her."
" Hut mother,"said Horace impatiently,
"we must have a lamp. Whataridiculous
idea that there shouldn't be a light for us to
pick up our things by ! I say we shall miss
the car if we don't rush like everything."
" Softly, Horace I It is a ridiculous thing
when one comes to think of it, thut two
boys who are in town everyday keep us
waiting two anil three days for oil, because
they cannot remember to leave an order. If
Cruce had told ine that it had been forgotten Again, I should have mado some arrangement : for 1 knew several of the tamps
were too low to burn."
"Oh, Motlicrie," suid Kmma, in n conx-
ing tone, " couldn't you just lend us this
one for a few minutes ! We won't need it
more thun ten minutes."
Hut Mrs. Holbrook was firm. She could
not risk putting baby iuto a passion over
darkness, a thing which slit- liked none too
well when she was good and happy, and Bhe
was neither this evening. They might go
down to the study and borrow papa's light
if Mr, SoluiKcr wus not there, but liis ear-
rlage still Stood before the gate. Or they
might have the hack parlor lamp if.it could
lie unscrewed ftom tin* bracket ; but the
screw was broken, they remembered, anil
the buy*- had forgotten to get a new oue. As
Boon aa June had baby's hot milk ready they
could borrow the kitchen lump, but they
must not leave hor iu the darknesr until the
milk was prepared,
it was certainly a trying situation. Here
they Were, nearly three miles from tho null
whore the last rehearsal wus to lie held for
ihe tableau festival, und every one of them
were in the lubleuu, and the lost car down
thut it would answer for them to take was
duo in let's thun five miuutes, and llieir
things were slill to be hunted for. Thoy
Hcohlcd and fretted, and tittle Celiu, who
was only eight, ucfuully cried. All of which
did no good. While they wero still asking
nne another what they -mould do, the car
nuni'lcil by,
"There!" -mid Curl, "we may as well
nit down und s.ick our thumbs for the rest
of tho evening ; tlio cur has gone."
" Oh, it can't!" exclaimed Ktnina. "Why
we must go ! What will they think of us*-'"
Hut they didn't go. It was a durk, slippery, rainy night, and Mrs. Holbrook was
linn in horassuranco that tho girls could by
no means wulk t here ; nor for that matter,
oould Carl, with hla cough.
"And besides ull that," said Carl, "it
would bo too lata when we got thoro. They
were going to begin exactly at eight, and
nur parts come in thc first thug. Wo arc
just counted out, and thut'a the whole ot it-
nil on account of those mean lamps."
" The lamps wore all right," suid Hornco
philosophically, "tho trouble was there
was no oil in them."
The next morning at family worship,
\vhn.t should come ill the regular course of
reading but tho familiar story of the ten
virgins that took their lumps and went
forth lo meet tho bridegroom ! "Aud five
of them were wise, and five were foolish.
They thut were foolish took their lamps,
and took no nil wilh them." Horace looked ovor at Grace and made a significant
movement with his bund to indicate the five
foolish virgins, whose lamps, the evening
before, had been without oil. Grace, being
the oldest and trained to solf-coufrol, contrived to keep hor faeo iu order, but Kmma
giggled outright, uud Mr. Holbrook looked
up astonished.
"I can't help it, fivlher," she suid, clink-
ing and laughing ut once, "it does Bound so
appropriate! 17you had known wliut an
uwful time wc had last night with the
lumps without oil 1"
Mr. li.iliiro.,k teemed to consider silence
the wisest comment, und rend on. When
he reached tho words: "Ami tlio foolish
slid unto tho wise, givo un of your oil ; for
our tumps urn gone out," Curl murmured,
"History repeating itself," and nodded
sign iii can tly towur-iliiH mother, to remind
his follow sufferers lhat that wus just what
they ha I done. This wus loo much for
thom ull.    Even Mrs, Holbrook smiled.
They could not, thut morning, got away
from iho comical side of the coincidence.
They bad only missed iho rehearsal, alter
all, und woro loo sure of their importance III
the evening'** eutertaimnent to be afraid of
losing llieir po itions: and it was so funny
to think father should hus*o come to those
verses just that morning. "It is all straight,''
said Horace, wit li another burst of laughter,
aa anon us prayer*" were over, " only we
hadn't but throe wise ones, father and
mother and June; aud wo tried thom all.
without success."
Mr. Holbrook opened his lips to speak,
then closed them agum. Tho timo for any
other lesson wns not yot.
It wus not until Subbutli evening in tho
twilight, after thoy had been to thoir Junior
Endeavor meeting and had joined in the
talk there, ubout tho wise and fooliHi virgins, thut Iho serious thoughts cumo home.
They had not lelt like laughing over their
litllo experience, white at the meeting.
Miss Wells, their leader, had spoken such
solemn words ubout, that door being shut,
and tho solemn oonse<|ucnco following the
shutting out, that thoy did not even fool
like smiling as they glanced at one another.
In the twilight, they were subdued, and
wore earnest fnies. Horace was the first to
speak. " TllOro ih a big difi'orence between
our experience tho other night, and the
story of the foolish virgins, after all. That
was only the rcheur'u*. I wns thinking
what if it had been the entertainment
itself. We should have felt fifty times
" I was thinking," said Grace, in her
quiet lady like voice, " what if anybody
should really do that way ubout the door
of heaven.   Wouldn't it be dreadful t"
" Folks do," answered Carl ; " don't you
know how the story begins ! ' Then -shall
tlio kingdom of heaven lie likened unto,'���
And you know wh.it Miss Wells said that
meant. It that is like it, there must be
people doing it."
" And i suppose they don't mean it,"
said Horace, " any more thau we meant to
neglect ordering oil and wicks and things.
I didn't even have the excuse of torgettiog
that errand, out and out. I thought of it
twice when I passed Mantlet's but I didn't
feel like stopping just then, and I said it
would do just as well the next time I
"I know it," suid Kmma, " und all those
things we had such a time hunting for ; wo
might have hud them rendy as well as not
only wo kept putting it oil', nud saying it
Would do by und by. Don't you suppose
that is the way people do about the other
thing'! They don't torget it, and they never
mean to be too late."
And the door was shut!" said Mrs.
Holbrook's gentle voice. She had come in
quietly white thoy were talking, and now
leaning over Horace's chair, plncod hor
tender mother hand, on his curly head as
she said : ���
That is a dreadful sentence. Do my
children remembsr that theto is only one
way of making tore that itsbull never bo
said of thom I"
Vou mean by not putting," said Horace,
his voice trembling a tittle with feeling. "1
won't Motherie, 1 have settled that. 1 have
mado up iny mind to keep my lamp trimmed, ready for him when ho coino-i."
"Yes," suid Curl, reaching over for Ids
mother's other bund, "we have settled It today Motherie."���[Punsy,
I'.vlriiunlltnrv M-rllio-l-. Adopted lo Multe
Wheels ��.�� n��unil.
The bicycle passed through many curious
stugos before it reached its present state of
perfection. This machine is one that po-
euliurly excites tlio inventive geniusof mail,
and the designs thut have been made in
yeurs past, with the view of getting thc
greatest amount cf speed with tho leust ex
f-eiiditmo of energy, aro wonderful to he-
One of the earliest forms of velocipede
Was that invented in the eighteenth century
by ono John Vcvers, master of a boarding
school at Keiguto, Surrey, England. Mr.
Vcvers hud a lurgo number of wealthy
young men in his school, ami lie conceived
the bright notion of providing for thom a
travelling chaise without horses. The
rider was to be seated iu the carriage where
he could manage the steering apparatus,
whilo a servant, hanging on by a stop behind, propelled tlio machine. This " bicycle" did not meet with much favor, the
chief objection being that it did not run
fast enough. To such objections Mr Ve-
vers ropliod that the fault waa not witli his
machine, but the propelling power of the
servant. If, he argued, the servant were
as strong as two ordinary men, thc midline
could be mnde to go twice us fust, which
shows that Mr. Vcvers waa as clever at repartee as at mechanical invention.
Another queer machine was invented hy
a Frenchman about W.O. Ho went to a
;reat deal of pains and expense to have the
licyclo constructed, but after it was finish,
ed found that he could not ride it. The
eason is plain. The machine was driven
by pressing the feet upon projections ou tha
rim of the forward wheel. Thero was no
steering gear or brake. It would require a
modern expert to ride such a bicycle.
Some years bofore ibis n Scotchman had
leviued what ho dubbed a self-moving carriage. The adjective is misleading for the
carriage was designed to bo moved by u man
silling behind. The machine nevergot any
further than paper, und it is doubtful
whether it would have moved nt all had it
been built. It was calculated to curry seven
persons and was to be propelled by moans
of treadles.
It remained for uu American to devise
tlio most remarkable cycle ou record. The
iiume und address of tho inventor have been
lost, but there is liltlo doubt that be was
a Yankee, The contrivance consisted of a
sort of miniature dog-cart, ou which was a
box-seat. This was connected by mcuits of
pole with a large wheel iu front, so
arranged that it could contain two dogs,
Tho machine was guided hy means of a steering rod, with a huudla conveniently near
lhe rider. The inventor reckoned that the
logs in llieir nut urul desire lo escape, would
run forward, thus revolving the wheel, some-
wlmi after the manner of a prisoner on a
treadmill, liven supposing that dogs could
he procured which would perform this
service,there remains the question of weight,
which was tho straw that broke the fuyen*
tor's bu.k. He found that, wilh the clumsy
materials then in use, the carriage complete
Would weigh ubout two hundred pounds.
To this was to be added the weight of a IM-
pound lady, for the machine w;as designed
especially for woman's use. Considerable
discussion arose us to how heavy the dogs
would have to bo in order to drive this
weight, and a book written on the subject
suid that two 411-pound dogs would not suffice. Tho inventor thoroforo, deciding that
animals of greater weight could not ua accommodated, abundoued bis task.
The first rear-driving safety was built by
a Scotch blacksmith of the name of Gavin
DuizielinlS'lli, The foot-power was applied
to levers attached  to crunks on the   rear
Drnrnctm nnd Lois orflpeeeh Allrllmieil to
**niiiii*ii -ley or i.rit-r
Sir William Dalby, Consulting Aural
Suigeon to St, Georges Hospital in Loudon,
hasnoon noting down some "slrnngo incidents in pructice"���that is to say, certain
cases within hisown oiporionccasa nicdieal
practitioner���whicli be confesses himself unable to account for Iiy nny ������ .inrsn of cause
and effect with which tho profession can he
said to be ut all ucciiralely familiar. The
most curious have reference to ttio oftoots
of emotion ou tho various senses, One js
lhat of n lady who was standing before her
toilot tublo, uud looking through un one*-
door iii'.fi her husbund'sdressiiig.room, wlnm
she saw in a minor tho reflection of her
husband in lhe act of cutting bis throat,
I'roni thut moment she was absolutely deaf.
A similurly sudden nnd complete loss of
homing huppennd some years Inter tu a
young murriod lady wlio was suddenly con
fronted with her husband's dead body ut
ii time when sho believed him to bo quite
well, nnd wlimi she wns going to meet him
after a long absence. Ou vurious occasions
Sir William Dulby bus noted the remark-
ableefiecta produced upon tho hearing by
emotional influences, not only by great,
mental shocks, but by mental strain. Ho
bus known not only sudden grief, but
alto overwhelming joy, instantly to make a
person quite   dcitf.
Sir William Dalby has known tho sense
of Binell to be lost by very strong emotional
influence, and with this the sense of taste,
A remarkable instance of loss of a faculty
Is that of u brother physician, who in hoy-
hood found himself suddenly deprived of
thc power of speech, Ho was u man of
middle ago and robust appearance. His
hearing win perfect, and lie could under
si and all that was said, but liis replies Were
always communicated by pencil and paper.
One day (his physician announced that the
power of speech bad returned as suddenly
us it had orginally left bim. He added thut
he wus entirely unable lo ascribe the recovery tn uny cause, and .Sir William Dalby
confes-.es t hat his experience docs not enubli
him to offer any explanation.
Paris gardeners buy toads, which they
use as insect destroyers, There is u regular
weekly sale of those hideout* little animals
in the French capital, They cost 4a. a
There is no cure for color blindness.
Tho only fresh-water tisti in tho Canary
Islands is the eel.
It costs 8 cents to register a letter ia the
United States.
A load of two tons can bo readily carried
by a full-grown elephant.
According to Andrew Lang, Great Britain has 100,090 novelists.
Thirty million wooden spoons are mamr
factored in Russia every year.
There are in British India 10,417 shops
licensed for the sale of opium.
A working model of Niagara Falls will bs
exhibited ut tho World's Fair.
Soldiers in the Italian army are allowed
cigars as part of their daily rations.
Tiie lily grows wild iu South Italy, and
was taken to North Europe in 1400.
More than a third of Great Britain is
owned by members of the House of Lords.
False teeth nro now made from paper,
and uro Baid to wear well nnd inst a lifetime.
More tobacco is used by tha Austrians in
proportion to the population thau by any
other nation.
The net profits of tho Monte Carlo gambling-Iwu.i-* for the past year have been
Only eight of the Ofl.OOO Frenchmen who
fought under Napoleon at Waterloo are
now alive and in France.
The value of ihe honey and wax produced
in the United States during the past year
has been estimated ul $20,000,000,
In the collars of tlio Hotel de Vitte at
Bremen there ure some cases of wine that
havo been preserved for 2'n) yeurs.
An analyst has made the discovery that
California rosea contain "20 per cent, more
perfume than those grown elsewhere.
A chestnut tree, said to be '.1,000 years
old, still flourishes at the foot, of Mount
Ktua.    It is 213 feet ill circumference.
Lobster and salmon arc so disliked by the
Shah of Persia, that when either is served
at a lalile where lie is seated he leaves the
Fresh tnitk, applied evory woek with a
soft cloth to boots and shoes, has u freshening and preservative effect upon the
Horses are, it is said, so plentiful in
Buenos Ayres thut everybody has at least
one. It is claimed lhat even tha beggars
beg on horaebnek.
The Brooklyn Bridge ia to have a groat
pneumatic tube for tho transmission of mail
and baggage between New York und
The Angora gout supplies the hair which
adorns ordinary dolls. An English syndicate controls this product, and it is valued
at ��40,000,000 a year.
A steam-derrick that eauly lifts an
eighty-ton gun, and swings it around as
readily as if it were a bale of hay, is on one
of the docks at Hamburg.
The costliest pipe in the world is smoked
on great occasions by the Shah of Persia.
It is set with diamonds, rubies and emeralds, and is worth $4,000,000.
A culinary academy has been established
by the head cooks of Paris. They meet
once a month, discuss new methods of preparing food, and condemn some old pluna
as barbarous,
'Die art of paper-making lias reached the
point where it is possible to cut down a
growing tree uud convert it into paper
suitable for printing purposes within
twenty-four hours.
The electrical bicycle is again cropping
j.    The weight of the butteries when filled with liquid is to bo forty-four pounds,
and the whole weight of the apparatus is
to bo 155 pounds.
Three years before the invention of centre-
fire cartridges the idea waa hit upon hy a
nomad Indian. He had collected the shells
thrown away by our troops, and fitted a
percussion cup into u hole whicli he hat
bored in tho top. These shells, which he
11 turn discarded, testified to liis ingenuity.
Tho tobacco pipe is nover seen iu Spain
iu use among the unlives, nor are tobacco
pipes to be purchased in any of the shops,
Cigars and cigarettes, manufactured in the
Government factories in Spain or imported
from Cuba 01* tho Philippines, can alone be
procured, and ure universally smoked by
tho people.
M. Mnrcey, tho well-known investigator
of animal movements by menus of install-
tauoous photography and the zoetrnpe, baa
now succeeded in rendering tho beating of
it, living heart visible to the eye. All the
phases of the movement enn bo followed
and properly examined hy this new method,
The heart employed in his experiments was
that of a  turtle.
A Wonderful lion isownol by n man in
Waterloo. It is as expert us tt cut in catching ruts. It tcan's thom n while, und then
releases them. The owner of this remarkable fowl has observed that no rat over
.iocs the second lime within reach of its
Surprise aud terror oau led soma zinc
miners to desert a shaft th-y were sinking
at Webb City, Wis. Aslheopciiiug became
deeper, they noticed that tho ulmosphere
became warmer. At the depth of III,') feet
tho heat was so iiiU-uso that work was stopped, and soon they saw llimes burst into
tho shaft.
.Several men wlio havo outlived their
greatness nre now glad to oaru their living
as coachmen In Berlin. Among them are
sixteen nobles, seven retired army officers,
and threo pulpitless pastors, Three British notabilities now gleoftilly crack the
whip us London cabmen -. they are au cx-
inember of Parliament, a baron, unit u mar-
A bridegroom in chains waa recently mar*
lied in St.   Petersburg.    Alexander  Petro-
teh hud been tried for murder, and sentenced to deatli * hut Ihc sentence was
afterwards commuted to ton years' banishment iu Siberia. Hu wns married in convict
and his chains cluttered over the
church lloor. Hishridt-nud heale a wedding
breaknst, and alio will accompany him tu
Sine iiu.
The Germuus have caused their agenta to
compile dictionaries of all the native languages spoken in their colonics. The task
is not a small one, as there are fifty languages spoken in tho Kast African possessions, twelve in those of South-West Africa,
twenty iu the Cumeroons, five or six in
Tonga, und at least fifty in tho South Seas.
Moreover there are numerous dialects of
these tongues.
Klootric-light baths are among the latest
inventions. Tho necessary parts of such a
bath are a cabinet which will enclose the
entire body except the head, and fifty electric lamps of l(hcaiufle*po*t(r each, or 110
volts, arranged about the body in groups,
with u separate switch for each group. Tiie
light is thrown on n section ut u time, making tbo patient frisky, and browniug the
skin like an ocean bath.
A Paris working-man's bedstead is mado
so lhnt it cau bo taken down and put up
again in half u minute. By n curious com
binalion of springs, the lied can be install
tnneously surrounded with curtains, 1
wuahstnnd wheeled inside, and tlio occupant
can go through his or her toilet without
being seen. By another spring, the ted is
turned iuto a canopy suited for invalids,
who havo 110 need to Stir to perform tin
trims fori out ion.
A touching old rural outturn still prevail
in the western parts of Franca during the
harvest season. On the edge of 11 field bora
dering thc highway 11 sheaf of grain is loft
standing, to whioh nil lhe peasants nf the
village QOntributO, nnd which is called "the
stranger's sheaf," us it is the property of
the first tramp or other homeless wayfarer
who may cure tu curry it away and profit by
its price,
An America.*. Army OMcer He-sts ��� Mors
iter Buck In tbt- Wild*- ofMuNtanu.
Several months ago Lieut. (!. P. Ahem
of the United States army was in the wild
est, least visited part of Montana, pursuing
hia mission of mapping the mountains of the
State for the War Department. He had got
100 miles from Deer Lodge into a region so
secluded that in'all probability no white mat
had ever been there before. Aa he was toil'
ing on ahead of his men, he came upon a
sight that made him,veteran hunter though
he is, feel like a boy with the buck fever.
Before him, not many yards away, was a
mighty wapiti, the mightiest he had ever
It was lying down and, as he stopped, it
aroae slowly, but neither turned to fly nor
advanced to tight. It looked straight at
him, uud the Lieutenant thought its eyes
were trying to express to him an utter
weariness of life and a desire to have the
end come as soon aa possible, for ho could
nee thut this buck was very old. As ho advanced toward it it mado a feeble effort to
turn away. He raised his rifle and shot it
behind the ear. It fell dead with scarcely
a quiver.
When the Lieutenant came to examine
Ida prize he was more astonished than at
first. For he saw that he had killed the
greatest wapiti of which there is any record,
and also the oldest. Erect the wapiti stood
nearly ten feet from the ground to the lop
of Its great antlers. From the ground to
the bass, of the antlers was six feet, Thi
head was over two feet long from the hass
of the antlers to the end of the nostrils.
The body was as large as the body of a big
horse, and the head was much larger. The
autleri themselves hail fifteen prongs, one
less than that six teen- prongei. ,'air of antlers
whisk is regarded as a unique curiosity, und
is not nearly so large as this pair.
The teeth of thia old buck were worn
down below the gums, so that it would have
been impossible for him to bite anything,
and, as au index to hia long and varied
career, there was hardly a square inch of
his hide that did not bear the mark of bullet
or arrow. Lieut. Ahern's Indiana hauled
the body down to Deer Lodge, and there
hunters, white and Indian, from all parts
of the world crowded to see the wonder.
Lieut. Aheru sent *.he head and the hide
on to Mr. Julian Ralph, the author, and
Mr. Ralph took them to a taxidermist and
animal dealer, in New York. This man has
had thirty years'experience, and haa stuffed
all sorts of things, both great and small.
He had never Been anything like this monster, When he came to examine the teeth
he could hardly believe his own eyes. He
said that the buck waa at least eighty years
old, and perhaps was over a hundred.
He thought that no oae in historic times
had killed such a great creature, greater
than any animal supposed to exist on this
continent since the white men began to explore.
When you think of this creature, who
was born in the last century, lone before
any white man bad penetrated tho fast*
neaies of the Rockies; when you think of
his hide, scarred in a hundred places by
arrow and by bullet, you realize what a
wonderful career Lieut. Ahern's bullet ended. As Mr. Ralph says, away back, before
Washington was President, this buck was
leading a herd of does, and was the proudest of liis kind. When he fought to assert
liis supremacy and the right to an inviolate
harem the issue of the battle oould never
have been uncertain. Many uu Indian
hunter be has laid low in the days when he
could look out over vast plains, dotted
thickly with ten thousand buffalo.
But as decides and quarter centuries rolled hy he began to grow old, still ruling
by reason of size and strength, but inevitably
Hearing the time when age would make bim
too feeble to rule any more. But he saw
many, many generations of proud bucks rise
nnd grow old and die before even the first
- igna of great age began to appear. It must
hare been less than five years ago that he went
out to join battle witli a buck who had sent
him a ringing challenge, that he lost the
fight and was compelled to fly for hiB life.
He saw his harem, the last of many lie had
had, file away meekly behind the conqueror,
with not one took  behind.
Then he realized that his long day was at
the setting, and he wandered off alone to
wait for death. It was mouths before the
end that he loat the power to take food property. For the taxidermist found lhat hia
skin waa as thin as a piece of brown wrapping paper instead of an eighth of au inch
thick, as it would have hem hnd he not been
stnrving and living off lii-s tissues.
English Child-Marriage.
England can furnish instances of child-
marriages, not perhaps to any great extent,
but as young as uny to be found in Kastern
c -mitries, whero such mart inges are almost
of daily occurrence. The youngest English
bride ou record is, beyond all doubt, a
daughter of Sir William Brereton, who, in
the sixteenth century, was united in the
bonds of holy matrimony, when only 2 years
of age, to a bridegroom who was only her
Hcnior by one year. In thia case the children were carried into church, and their
elders spoke for them. Subsequently, when
tbe pair reached years of maturity, they
ratified tho strange tie, 111 this instance the
object waa to curry out u -'.esire to unite
In 1302 Riitiille Moore was married at the
age of S years to a bride two yearshiaaeniori
uml ubout tlio same time Emma Talbot, 0
years of ago, had a iVyear-old husband provided tor her in the person of Oilbert
(ierrard. In this case tho bridegroom's
uncle held him up and spoke the marriage
words for him, while Ihe bride anewered for
herself, aa she bad been taught.
In 1B12 William Chatterton, who waa
Bishop of Chester and Lincoln successively,
thought it nothing out of the way to perform the murraige ceremony uniting hia !i-
yeiir-old daughter .loan with Richard
Urooke, an 11-year-old "man." This ceremony was by consent nl tho contracting
parties, ratified four years later. Tho
('hosier church records contain lengthy
documents testifying to lids ratification. In
this iiiBtanco the marriage was not u success,
lor the bishop records that the wife was
separated from her husband, -f All the Year
rioorin-y An Amcriuiti.
Some American gentlemen visited Cardiff
u short time ainon, and, happening to pass
the fire-engine station, Btepped insi le.
After they had a good look round, tne of
them turned to the engineer, and mid :
" Vou know, in New York they use
,)-in?h hose, not .'Much us you have bete."
".fit I" aaid the engineer,not to he beaten,
" thut small bote is only used for laying
the dust in the station. This hoie," pointing to a p-ece of suction-pipe about twelve
inches in diameter, "is what we use at
tires. It saves us using the fire-escapes,"
continued the engineer," for,when we want
to send a man to the top of a building, we
just set him on a jet, and send him up."
������ But," said one of the visitors rather
incredulously, "how does he come down
" Why, he puts hia arm around the jet,
aud slides down," replied the engineer.
The Americans gazed a fow moments,first
ut lhe hose und then ut the engineer, and
then left in a hurry, one of them murmur-
MI guess that man has been connected
with a newspaper!"
He Bad Enonerh-
Au Irishman, while carrying a bol 0
bricks up a ladder, loat hia balance, and
fell into a heap of mortar, which was lying
on the ground.
While trying to extricate himself from
liis unpleasant position, a clergyman who
was passing by and who had seen the un
fortunate mishap, said lo Pat: " You
ought to lull on yonr knees and thank Providence fur vour narrow escape,"
To the great amuw-mont of the bystanders, Put made nnswer wilh some wrath :
" Be jnbers ! haven't Oi fallen far enough
already ?"
i:-iiuliiiauv   Mir, Li* ihi in fir rrtil--l.ni'
Aualnat Hli-iru lvc
No wonder most peoplo tike dogs; they
are such noble, f-uthful creatures.
I admit, says Col. Odder, the Arctic
traveller, that my own regard lor them
amounts to affection. 1 never seen a poor,
forlorn, tramp of a dog limping alone the
street and casting furtive glances around for
hia naurut enemy, the small boy with a tin
can and a stung, without wauting to do
something for the miserable outcast; to
feed him if possible, and, if not, then just
to pat him on the head so he may know
some one cares for him.
Dogs have been to me such firm and useful friends in the past, and have carried me
safely through so many perils that they
have well earned my everlasting esteem.
When after drag-dug my sled all day over
the frozen Arctic wastes, I would Uo down
upon tiie suow for a few hours' oblivion,
they would huddle as close to mo as possible, to keep me warm, and iucidentally,
perhaps, to share what little heat might be
provided by my own body.
I boliove in treating all animals kindly,
but particularly dogs, for they seem to appreciate kindness moro than othera. A man
who would abuse a dog ia too low a fellow
to associate with such a noble animal. Indeed he is not fit to tie a dog's Bhoe.
*'A dog's shoe'- How ridiculous!" you
aay   "Why, dog's don't wear shoes."
You are mistaken about that, my young
friend. In this country perhaps they do not
but iu arctic landa they do,
A dog's shoe is made of tanned sealskin,
ahnpedlike a bag, ami is tied around ttie
ankle with a drawing string. It is Urge
enough at the bottom to allow the foot to
spread, and, l hough sometimes very useful,
is never ornamental. It looks very much
like a rag upon a acre finger, and
it is just as necessary. During the spring,
when the anow melts atmihlay and hardens
again as the sun geta low, it is often very
sharp and cuts tho dogs' feet like glass.
Then they would Boon become lame and he
rendered useless. But a careful driver is
always provided with a few shoes for hia
team, and as soon as he seea a dog limp or
notices a spot of blood in the track upon
the anow, it indicates to him thnt one of his
dugs hns cut bis foot, and thou be puts n
shoe upon the wounded member.
When the team stops to rest the driver
must keep a sharp lookout upon those dogs
that are shod, for, us ttiey are always hungry, they are apt to devour their shoes.
A good dog ia very Careful to keep his
feet in proper conditioti, nnd every time the
sled ia halted ho chews off tha ice and anow
that has gathered upon his feet and ia frozen
to the long hairs between his toea. No matter if it does hurt when he pulls at it with
his teeth -for that part of a, dog's foot is
very sensitive���he knows he must get rid
of thoso icicles, and, though it sometimes
makes him cry out w itli pain, he pulls aways
whining, until his feet arc free once more.
Then, after licking them all over witli his
pliant tongue, be curls them under him and
lies down upon the snow to sleep.
If you would like a real live sleigh ride,
take spin behind a team of fine strong dogs,
with a light load and smooth anow. It
would give you more intense gratification
than any other ride you ever had. You may
have had a good timo with a handsled on a
well-iced hillside, but there is the long walk
back to trake you wish you hadn't ridden
so far. Behind a dog team, however, there
, iuiid e the exhilaration of rapid motion,
charming uncertainty ns to where you
are going and whether or not you will reach
your destination without an upset.
A ride behind a dog team is tint an occasion for quiet reflection ; your attention
is too much occupied by what is transpiring.
I once took n long ride in a Spanish dih-
gencia, drawn by fifteen mules and a horse,
and sat b side tho driver on the front seat.
We travelled over tho Alhama range of
mountains in Andalusia, from Loja to
Alhama. The driver, who, by tho by, had
but one arm, had not only to -/uide the whole
team, by the reins, which be held between
Ids kiieei, but also to manage the brake,
and, us much of the way was over hilly
country, he bad liis hands���or rather Ids
one hand���full. The double Btring of animals led by n postilion on the horse, always
rushed madly down hill, anxious only to
keep out of the way of ihe great, lumbering
vehicle that camo rattling close behind
them. Notwithstanding 1 was in the
southern part of Spain, I was constantly
reminded of n sleigh ride behind dogs, nnd
the resemblance wus heightened by the constant stream of personalities poured out
over the team by this one-armed driver.
Kach particulur animal was repeatedly
called upon hy his individual name, nnd
adjured hy his own special saint to exert
himself more nnd more, nnd when this
method fulled to move him, a man armed
with a loug stick jumped down from the
steps behind the conveyance, and, rustling
to the front like a sprinter, belabored each
mule as it passed near him until the whole
team wus scampering for denr life. As the
couch whirled by the whipper sprang
nimbly to his perch in the renr.
II8E3 Hia Willi' FIlKKl-Y.
A dog driver, too, is alwajs haranguing
his team. Kach dog ia addressed by name,
aud, although ho was apparently doing hia
heat at the time, ho puts a littio additional spurt, hoping by so doing to avoid the
cruel lash which he hears dragging along tho
snow behind tho Bled. Bui the fact that u dog
An I'.smiimau driver believes that an occasional flogging all around ia n good thing on
general principles, and tie udinir.iBters the
ine'lieino in allopathic dopes.
The whip lias a handle not over ton inches
in length, but tlio lash is fifteen or twenty
feet long, A blowcoinesuponuiicri-ingibig
���or an unerring ono for that matter���tike u
streak of Htditniiitf from a clour sky, nnd the
first thing ho does ia to emit a howl of surprise and pain ; the next thing is to jump
upou the dog nearest him uud shako the
breath out of him.
A general Mugging results in n promiscuous
row and a eomploto mixing up of dogs,
harness, lashings, sled, spectator!-, and everything else, so that the time necessary to tho
unraveling of the snarl ia greater than thnt
which would have been lost if thn dogs hnd
had their own way, so thai this heroio treatment it of doubtful beneflt>���[Col, W. H.
Within a few days the prices of British ,, _    ,
Consols have   declined slightly,  some say flnr-Mr? Hygiene,
for reason that the United States will make The room especially set apart for the
a new bond issjue. children of ttie family Bhould he the best-
Thc stock of contract wheat in Chicago is aired, the sunniest und the driest in tho
now 10,000,lX)U bushels, an increase of over house. At the same time it should be so
500,000 bushels, thc past week. The total situated as to be kept at a temperature us
stock of all grades is 21,600,000. .nearly uniform ns possible.    As a general
-There is little change in the pricM o( ��� thing il should l>e on the south side of the
Canadian securities in London. Canada 3 ll0U!e- kny. exc*33 of sun lc'lt; lf. B?ch
Percenta.areSellingat95,QuebecProvince1ex"t8' ��������"--? controlled by shades
4s at 98, Toronto   4's nt 102, and Winni-   -?-!0C? ,*�� T^X" t/i?8- 01ccuPled
both night and day, ic should be as large as
possible, to facilitate a thorough supply of
fresh air.
Considerations of air, sunlight nnd cleanliness should be paramount, and all quea-
.,.-,.��� , ,   , , tions of decoration should be entirely sub-
in New Orleans molasses.   Bright syrups servient.   To this end, everything Bhould
are very scarce. be simple in construction.
According to figures furnished by tho
Paris correspondent of the New York Her*
Id the great powers of continental Europe
peg.Ts at 110.
The wholesale grocery trade at Toronto
has improved slightly, with a better demand for sugar and molasses. The tatter
are very firm, with an advance of 1 to 2c.
How far ia the Li-rU of a Lirchthouse
This depend" upon thn elevation of the
light ftbovo the aen level, und upon the
power of the light maintained, The light
of Hantsliolm, on the coast of Jutland) in
Denmark, nu electric one, equal to 20,030,
000 candles, 'an be seen nt a distance of
sixty-five mites. The .Sydney Lighthouse,
iu Australia with an electric power equal
to 12,000,000 candles, is visible at a distance
of fifty miles. That of St, Catherine's
Point, near Ventnor, Isle of Wight, electric,
und equal to 7,000,<HMI candles, enn be seen
nt n distance of from forty-five to fifty
miles. It is sn powerful thnt ut u dialuncc
of fourteen miles, ut the Needles, lino print
can easily be read by its reflection. Less
powerful lights are visible nn a clenr night
at distances ranging from ten to thirty-
five miles. Tliese distances only apply
when the atmosphere is clear, for, when
fog is prevalent, lights which were visible
from twenty-five (0 fifty miles away enn
scarcely be seen at u distance of from live
miles to under a mile. On foggy nighls
the powerful electric lights, us ut present
shown, cannot be seen as fur ns the less
powerful lights given where gas or oil uro
used for Illuminating purposes, It bus been
suggested that when fog prevails I he elootrlo
lighlH should he so arranged us to semi the
beams of light straight up into the atmosphere, when such lights would probably be
visible for much (-router distances than
' they now are-
hold as war reserve funds a sum aggregating
over $1,300,000,000. Of this France hns
$400,000,000, Germany $300,000,000, and
Russia $426,000,090. These vast amounts
of treasure are permanently withdrawn
from tho channels of industry and com-
metce, and serve only as a sort of insurance
to those iu authority against the day of international strife.
Tho French Board of Trade returns for
January show that tho balance of trade is
tending in favor of tliut country. Ab compared with January of lust year the total
imports decreased 210,759,000 franca, whilo
exports only allowed a decrease of 1,923,
000 franca. Notwithstanding the decrease
on other exports tbe value of manufactured
articles increased 0,303,000. it is not sur
prising, therefore, "apart from other con.
siik-ration, thut gold continues to flow into
Franco "
Tho visible stocks of cotton in the United
States are at the ports 910,000 bales. Inferior towns 378,000, against 1,106,000 and
44N.OOO respectively last year, a deficit of
320,000 bales. Tha visible snppiy in the
.United States and Kurope of all kinds is now
4,200,000 bales against4,61,3,000 ayearago,
a decrease of 477,000 bales. The supply of
America is 477,000 bales less. Tbo excess
in total supply over 1891 is (iS.*i,tHi0 bales.
Tlio stock in New York warehouses is 2S."i,-
000 bales ngainst 384,000 last year.
The passenger agent of one ol tho steamship linea, in speaking of the increase of
about 26 per cent, iu the rates for immigrants made by all tho companies running
to America aaid : ���"The rate in all cases
depends upon the law of supply and demand. Wo find this year an increased
demand, whilo the number of steamers to
supply this demand ia no greater. Hates,
therefore, havo been increased by aU lines
both in the United States and Canada, and
tiie steamship companies hold they are perfectly justified in 'his. I may tell you this
also, that the three big steamship lines run-
ningoutof Montreal have decided lo increase
cabin rates from there, as business for years
past has not been upon a remunerative
Irrigation is receiving steady and in
creasing attention on this continent, and
yet not nearly so much as in Europe. The
cause of thia ia not far to seek. The economic needs of Europe are auch that it is
necessary to make a nice adjustment of
supply to demand. A single crop failure iii
these closely settled districts of Kurope
would entail a degreo of losa and suffering
that would not be made up iu several seasons
Demand treads close on the heels of supply
and in the very best years there in only
enough, and none to spare, for the needs of
the population. For these reasons governments engage the best engineers and expend
millions of dollars to insure the crops
against possible loss from drouth, and by
(lie aid of smnll canals, us in Holland and
Italy- to conduct safely away from the
fields the occasional Hoods that might otherwise prove disastrous. Centuries of
experience have taught these people
that this policy pays, and their confidence ia
amply demonstrated by the fact that they
have largely extended their irrigation works
during the past thirty years. Of lato the
European shortage iu agricultural produce
has been largely made up from this continent, but they iu no way relax their successful attempts to nssist nature to yield whnt
might otherwise be lost. The necessity of
adopting these measures may not be apparent to Canadians yet, but it is encouraging
to contemplate the grout possibilities, bot.ii
natural and artificial, for our own require-
meuta and those of other countries, which
may sooner become over-populated, our vast
territories possess.
Railroad Rumblings-
Russian railronds have introduced dining
cars on trains.
There were 0,327,440 tons of coal carried
over the Delaware, Lackawanna A Western
lilies during IS'.U.
Whnt arc said will be the largest pair of
driving wheels in tho world will be constructed for the New York Central Railroad, The wheels, when constructed, will
ho seven feet in diameter.
Tho Government purposes to connect
Prince Edward Island with the muinland
bv a tunnel eight miles long under Northumberland straits. Tito engineers have completed preliminary aurveya, nud find that
the sea bottom is generally favorable for the
At three large Loudon railway stations
���Charing Cross, Canon aireet und London
bridge���as many as 32,069 movements for
signut nud point levers have to be made
evory twenty-four hours, quite apart from
the telegraphic operations.
In the Schenectady Locomotive Works
thero ia a handsome little engine which has
just been finished. It is named the
" Adirondack", nud is to be used as un
observation engine for the Adirondack A
St. Lawrence Rnilroad. The engine is somewhat smaller than the " Mohawk" of the
('cnlril Hudson, but is very similar iu
design. It is a four-wheeler, with the inspector's cub directly ovor the boiler and at
llie front of tlio engine.
The Union Pacific bus just turned out of
Its shops at Omaha a powerful pnst-ei-gor
engine, designed Iiy J, II. McCouuell, mi
iieiintendeut of motive power of the road
I'ho engine it of lhe ton-wheel type, bn
twentv by twenty-four inch cylinder, bolle*
sixty four inches in diinioler.with 300 fine-)''
it weighs seventy tons, 120,000 pounds rest!
Ing on tho driving wheels.   Tho diameter
of the (.riving wheels Is fifty-one inches.
The Pennsylvania company i-t ubout to
discard tho old mothod of stumping tickets
wilh ink nnd will punch the year u-id day
clear through tho ticket by means of
stencils. This is done to keep scalpers and
others form altering the date, Tho new
method will 1-e put into practice March 1st.
A peculiar feature is thai the mouth does
not appenr. Every thing is reckoned in
days of thc year. Following theduy stamp
is the final figure of the year.
Austria announces an electric locomotive
which is to travel 126 miles an hour. The
Independence RelgO follows with the statement that the North Belgian Company
nmi the North France Company are constructing a lino for locomotives operated by
electricity, on which the journey from
Brussels to Paris, ubout. 192 miles, wit) be
accomplished in eighty minutes, a speed of
nearly 160 miles uu hour. It is further stnled
that the trains will be running in about
two months.
The locomotive engineers on the Erie
system have ordered uu engine costing
$12,000 to be exhibited at tho World's Fair.
It is paid for by themselves, It will bo
equipped with the very latest and mosl
perfect appliances in the way of air brakes
and ull other iate devices which will ndd to
the oflfeotlvenotS of the working and handling of tho machine. It will have eight
wll Jots-With four wheels connected. The
diameter of the driving wheels will bo six
feel, the cylinders nineteen by twenty-si.*-;,
id it will bum either hard or soft coal. 1
In all but exceptional coses thc nursery
is the scene, ut somo time or other, of one
or more of the diseases incident to childhood. On this account ull materials that
might serve ua dust and disease orgauisms
should be excluded. The furniture should
be plain so ae to lie caaily kopt clean. Il
should also ho light, or else furnished with
strong (-'-slot's, ao that it cau be easily
moved about. Pictures on the walls wero
better omitted.
The nursery floor should havo particular
attention. While the ideal lloor may not
be always attainable, thc ideal should be approached bb nearly us possible, A floor of
closely joined hardwood js thc best, since
it is most easily kept free from dust. Over
this should be laid rugs or carpets, which
should be frequently taken up and beaten.
Nursery eloseta, too, should be carefully
looked after. They should always be ouen
to inspection, and no accumulation of soiled
clothing should bo permitted. Open shelves
are recommended since, while clean linen
and other necessaries aro easily kept upon
them, they are less apt to be made the receptacles of " tuoked-away" neatness, than
are shelves inclosed by doors.
Tho habitual uso of disinfectants should
have no part m the care of the nursery. The
necessity for their use should bo avoided by
menus of scrupulous cleanliness,   A room
in which disinfectant'! arc needed should lie
inhabited by no ono, least of all by children.
Tho ventilation of tho nursery is uu important matter. The cssentiul thing to be
scoured is n frequent change of air without
draughts along the lloor.
Lithia Waters-
It is one of tho curious developments of
modern medicine that remedies largely used
by practitioners for years nre suddenly
shown to be lacking in the powers generally attributed to them. For yeara tho profession has used lithia water in vurious
diseases, with the idea that the results obtained wero duo to tho comparatively small
quantity of lithia present in solution.
Those physicians who examined the subject closely speedily concluded that the
grenter part of tho benefit derived by
patients from so-called lithia waters depended rather on ttie large amount of pure
wator ingested thau upon the lithia contained in it. In other words, the pure
water practically flushed the body of impurities, Theso conclusions were still further supported by the discovery on analysis
that one of the widely advertised lithia
waters, indorsed by a targe number of misguided persons, waa only n pure water,
wilh practically not a trace of lithia in it.
Stiil more recently, Haig has told ns that
while lithia speedily combines with uric
acid iu a test tube, in the body it has a
greater affinity for tlio add sodium phosphate in the blood, nnd combining with
this leaves the uric acid untouched. Lithia
waters should be used, not for their lithia,
but for llieir purity, and tho results obtained plneed to the credit nf the flushing
of the system, not to the lithia.
How to Cure a Cold.
Almost everybody lias a remedy fora
cold, which ho is ever ready to recommend
to othors after detailing his own experience.
We (piote from n medical writer some
advice on this subject which -seems io bo
more than ordinarily useful.
When one becomes chitted, or takes cold,
the mouths of myriads of little sweat glands
are suddenly closed, and thc impurities
whicli should pass oil' through the skin are
forced back nt tho interior of tho body,
vitiating the blood nud putting extra work
on the lungs nnd other internal organs,
���lust beneath the surface of the skin, nil
over the body, there is a net work of minute blood vessels, finer than tho finest luce.
When one is chiliad, the blood is forced
from these capillary vessels into one or
more of tho internal organs, producing Inflammation or congestion, und thus often
causing diseases dangerous to life. The timo
to treat u cold is at the curliest moment
after you have taken it. And yonr prime
object should be to restore the perspiration
and tho capillary circulation. As soon,
then, us you feel that you havo taken cold
have n good lire iu your bedroom. Put
your feet into hot water as hot as can be
borne, uud containing a tablespoonful of
mustard. Have it in 11 vessel so deep thnt
the water will come up well toward tho
knees. Throw a blanket over the
whole to prevent rapid evaporation and
cooling. In from five to ton minutes
tnke the feet out, wipe tliein dry, nnd get
into u bed on which there are two extra
blankets, Just before or after getting into
bed drink a large glaas of lemonade us hot
as possible, or a glass of hot water containing u teaspoonful of cream ol tartar,
with n little sugnr if desired. Should thero
be 1 p,��in in thc chest, side or back, Indicating pleurisy or pneumonia, dip a small
towel in cold water and wring i' as dry us
possible.    Kohl the  towel   so  thnt it   will
cover a tittle more surface ihan is affected
by lhe pain. Cover this with u piece of
flannel, uud both with oiled silk, or Letter,
with oiled linen - now wind a strip of
flauuol a foot wide several times nrouud the
chest. The heat of the body will wurm
tiio towel almost Immediately, the oiled
linen nud llannel will retain the heat nnd
moisture, and, sti-omui'- thu part- wilt generally cause the pain to disappear,   Should
thoro be pain or SOroilOSS 111 the throat, you
should treat in a similar manner with wet
compress and llitiii. 1 baudugc. Ivit sparingly of plum, Simple food, linked apples
nnd other fruit, bread and butter, bread
nud milk, mill, toast, nnd baked potatoes
or raw oysters tuny lie eatOll, By following
the above directions Intelligently and faithfully you will ordinarily check the progress
of the cold, and prevent serious, possibly
fatal, illness.
A Year's Gold Yield in Victoria-
The yield of gold lor tlio colony of Vic
toria for ihe year 1802 ns ascertained from
lhe returns furnished by the Mint, the Customs Department and the bunks Is 603,874
o/., or4l,38Soz more than tlm yield in 1891,
The increase is very satisfactory, ai it shows
a substantial improvement on 1801, which
also was nn improvement on 1800, when the
yield was only 684,77002, or the lowest yet
recorded. The yield is in fact better than
in uny year since 1SS5, when lhe amount
was 7S;i,7tilo/..    Tiie total yield of gold for
thc last. 10 years is subjoined 1���1883, 740,-
378)1884, 774,3301 lss;,, 783,071(1880,
040,872] 1SS7, 511,4171 Isss, 030,200)
1889,015,0.15)1800, 584,770] 1891, 021..
��)Sfl; 1892,003,374 ounces,
A Doming Warwhoop-
,yo winged winds,
"Tell me,
Thnt rouii'l my pnthwny 1
Do vou know some quiet spot
Where hoopn nre worn no moro ���
Somo lone nnd silent dell,
Some island or some envc,
Where won.cn can walk three abreast
Along the village pavo!''
, ,, ... . .     The loud winds hissed around my face,
s estimate 1 that it will be worth $12,00,1. ' And, snickering, answered 1 " Nary place/' TTTE WEEKLY NEWS APRIL, 12, 1893.
Published  By M. Whitney &
Son.   Every Wednesday.
Courtenay, B. C.
On. Year     I**
Sis Mouth,     I*s
Sinttlc Copy      0M
Ono innh per yonr $1110
���   ���   month      1 to
ol0ht*|COt, poryoar     "OO
Ivurlh   ���   !     M"��
aook.por lino         "'   "��io
tooal notlow, pur linu        w
Nonces of Itirths, Marriages and
Deaths. 50 cents each insertion.
No Advertisment inserted for less than
eo cents.
Wednesday, April.12,1893
The  B-iclge Unsafe.
The committee, consisting of A. Urqu-
hiirt, R. Grant, J. W. McKenrie. S. J.
I'iercy, and Isaac Davis, appointed at a
public meet in a, at Courtenay, Monday e-
veniny of last week, met on the following
Wednesday and carefully examined the
'ong bridge between Courtenay and Co*
nuix, on the Bay road, and pronounced
the bridge rotten, and consequently dan*
serous.   They  next appointed  one  of
their   number, Mr. J.  W.   McKenzie, to
write Mr. Joseph Hunter, memberfor this
I )i.st net, giving him an accouut of the act-
inn of the public meeting, and also ofthe
result of their examination of the bridge,
and urging him to come up and examine
imo the  condition   ofthe bridge  himself.   The meeting it wilt he remembered
rccnmp..ended,ihat in case   tbe report ol
tiie committee was adverse to the bridge,
that it be replaced by an embankment,and
that $3000 out of the present grant for
roads- and bridges be set aside  for snch
improvement, and that the Government
provide the necessary funds to complete
the  work.   It is understood that three
farmers, whose lands would be benefited,
by an embankment, stand ready to give,
between ttiem, $1000 more.   This would
not require a laige additional amount from
llie Government, which should find, even
at ttiis late day, some means to supply it.
The people sent to Mr. Hunter a petition numerously signcd( before the ordinal estimates were brought down) addressed to the   Lieut-Governor in   Council,
praying that a sufficient sum be  placed
in the estimates to renew the bridge or
build an embankment instead, as might
be deemed best    It was very  reasonably
expected that this would receive some attention, and that the Government would
not suffer a bridge, so important as this
to become impassable.   The bridge is too
i-otten to repair, and is now declared unsafe for travel.   That may not be the exact words of the finding, because the report as furnished us by  Mr. McKenzie
was not in writing,  but that is the effect
of the finding.   Until the Government
takes favorable action, the most important
road in the district, and which with the
exception  of the bridge is in the best
condition ofany, and on which thousands
of dollars of the public money have been
expended, and quite a large sum within
the past year, will be useless.   This will
be a  serious blow  to the district  and
ought to be avoided.   It was a mistake
"nt to have instructed thet committee to
Proceed in person to Victoria and lay this
important matter before the authorities-
It wilt not do to argue that they know all
about it already, the agitation -should be
kept up until the demand is heeded.   The
true friends of the Government should
not restwhile favorable action is delayed.
Theic is but one course to pursue���any
other would be criminal���and that is for
the authorities to put up the danger signal and close the bridge.   This would be
rutting the umbilical cord that connects
tbe lower and upper parts of the district,
hut it cannot be helped.   Ttie  greatest
inconvenience will result, but it  must be
borne.   Mr.  Hunter  should accept the
finding of five of our most prominent riii-
xens, and ask for a special grant so that
travel may be resumed as soon as possible
His coming up  here will do   no good.
The committee can tell a rotten timber
as well as an engineer, besides the legislature is  on   thc  eve  of adjournment,
There is no time for trifling.    It is now or
not   until    another winter;   and  twelve
months of irritating delay, shut off" from
the steamboat landing, except by a very
circuitous  narrow,   and notoriously  bad
road, witb the cost of hauling more than
double,   and travel largely    suspended,
would not be   calculated to greatly increase the number of government supporters.
Editorial Notes.
We notice that the postponement of the
Redistribution Hill has provoked a big
howl from the Opposition and Independents. This was to have been expected
Hut really what advantage would it be to
pass the Hill this session, when no general election is impending? 'this is too
important a matter to be in haste about.
It will be a difficult matter to adjust at
best, and time should be taken to gather
statistics and wisely consider every detail. The Mainland should wait until it
is hurt before it protests. There is no
reason to suppose that it will not be treiit
ed fairly, or that a measure of Redistribution will not be perfected and passed
in ample season for the next election.
What more can be asked? The pocket
boroughs.as the*/ are exiled, will have to
go and some unit adopted for representation in Urge cities, but quite a different
one for tbe country-and as we have point
ed out before, the same unit for thickly
settled and organized municipalities will
not do for the large tract! of sparsely
settled country. These latter sections
will have to be provided for on a different principle. They are the ones that
largely need tho fostering care of the
government, and in them is centered the
the great hope of tbt Province*
Aiu'-rlritn Kite trie l-uia RegM-d the Pro*
p.-tM-il Method-- mt AdvartUlug u Katlre-
1*. Fw-MlM-j-Thu Se��rch Light ft Imply
m Kli-rt'uj-llfoii un ���*. lasrge Scale.
Tho tent of ''writing on the clonds"
hart lifetime an accomplished fact. In
other words, a Bucci--*iful attempt has
bi'fii made in England by Capt. Ronald
Buutt to adapt tbe "search-light" apparatus to .wlv--rtisitipf purposes.
A private view was given a short time
ago at the Acton Hill electrical works
of what, it is expected, will probably
soon by all over London. The night for
tlio exporimunts unfortunatoly was ab
nolutuiy clour, ami tho rays of tho search
light could not, of conrne. be thrown on
any clouds. Tho practicability of tho
scheme, however, wns demonstrated by
directing the search-light ou a cloud of
Hteatu and on other material object*.
Mich as n bunk of trees, a limine wall,
and the grass lawn, and in each case tbe
In bitters of light. The words even at
a distanco of fully half a mile did uot
tvppctir to lout! any of their distinctness.
A curious, effect was produced on directing tbe beam of light on a cloud of
Ht'-am. the hitters being repeated again
and again, one behind tho other, aud increasing in vim as each puff of steam
drifted away.
Sydney llolgei* of Ealing, England,
has nlso succeeded in projecting a large
and highly-luminous letter on the clonds
by means of nu invention of his own.
lhe application of the electric light for
this purpose was witnessed by himself,
a Colonel of the Royal Engineers, and
nn tiK-Mi-tiint engineer of the electrical
works nt the Horticultural Exhibition.
Interesliug expressions of opinion on
the subject of tliese experiments have
boon obtained by a Times reporter from
several well known electrical experts of
this city.
" The thing is entirely feasible," said
E. H. Johnson, president of the Interior
Conduit uud Insulating Company, "by
virtue- of the fact that the lines of light
projected from theso powerful reflectors
nre go well defined and do not become
diffused until they much a groat distance,
You must have, of course, a clondy
night and certain proximity of the clouds
to tho earth, because ut too great a distance tho words would bo illegible and
at too closo a distance they would be
presented to the view of a comparatively
small circle of people. The whole thing
is simply a stureoptiuon on a largo scale,
witb a light r-mf.U-im.tly intense aud focused to reach the cloud canvas at a proportionately great distance. The subject ia entirely new to 1110. but the applications of electricity nowadays are so
diverse that 1 don't believe the elou-
tricia.i lives who is familiar with everything that is being done.
Expert Schuyler H. Wheeler also declared that advertising on the clouds was
perfectly practicable. "Yon have noticed, of course," Mr. Wheeler continued, "that tho clouds over the city
will reflect nt night a red glare, and so
anything that otters resistance to the
tran-miission of light will develop it so
that you can see it. The search liu'lit
on the tower of tho Madison Square
Garden for instance, shows much more
clearly on a cloudy uigbt than on a clear
one. You have noticed also that if
you're sitting in a room in which there
is dust in tbe air, if a ray of light comes
in through tbe blind it is at once visible,
whilo if the air wus perfectly clear the
light would hardly be perceptible.
" The object in this nse of the search
light isput ou a slteet of glass, leaving
the parts representing the picture clear,
aud making the rest black, so that it
will let out the light in the shape of the
picture and in the colors of the picture
also, Tho preparation of the apparatus
would be exactly the samo as that of a
lantern slide, except ou a much larger
scale, unless special louses were used.
There is nothintt novel in the principle
of the thing, although similar experiments havo never been made in this
country. It is simply a very powerful
magic lantern, and using the clouds instead of a sheet. By the use of the
search light you could have dissolving
figures on the clouds, giants fighting
each other in tho sky, for instance, or
you could put up election figures that
could be read twenty miles away."
Prof. F. B. Crooker, of Columbia College said there was no doubt of the fact
that a powerful search light, working on
tbe principle of the magic lantern, would
make an image on tho clouds that would
lie visible. There is no theoretical ur
practical reason why it should uot bo
done," tho Professor continued. "It
would be a very striking application of
the electric light on a large scale, and
would bo vory effective as an advertising agency. There is no obstacle in the
way of using the search light for advertising on the clouds, except the distance
of the clouds from the earth aud the particular kind of clouds to have���clouds
of a certain form and chnracter, aud at
a certain distance from the earth. At
a vory groat distHiico it would be difficult to illuminate them, and if they
were too near, the illumination would
not show over a sufficiently wide area.
"Search lights can bu made to give a
Htrong illumination at a distance of n
mile, or even more. Search lights can
lie seen twenty miles or more if thrown
directly on tho eye, and ordinary lighthouses can bo soon twenty miles, but to
illuminate clouds so thnt the reflected
light from them may bu sueu in another
matter, and th- distance must be vory
much less. I have 110 doubt whatever,
as I say, as to the practicability of this
method of advertising. The search light
apparatus and thu rest would not cost
more than u few hundred dollars, and
the running expenses would not be very
great."���N. Y. Times.
Frf-mli S0I10-1U of <*rlm**.
In Paris there still exist schools of
crime such as that conducted by Fagin,
and the dummy figure with bells from
the pockets of which the young pupils
have to steal purses aud handkerchiefs
without making a noise of ringing axe
still in uso. A young pickpocket, who
aroused suspicion because he was spending money very freely, and who wai
found to have only recently stolen a
purse containing 00f. from a lady in an
omnibus, has been interviewed on tho
subject in the prison of La Petite Ro-
This precious young rascal described
how his father had carefully taught him
to pick ladies' pockets. "I only pick
ladies' pockets, ho said. " That ia
easier than men's. With gentlemen it
is much mote difficult to do the trick
without their feeling your hand on
them." His "papa" and ho, he said, used
to travel together in the omnibusies,
from the Palais Royal to tha Bafatlle.
That was not so good a "pitch," he explained as the omnibuses from tha Madeline to the Bastile, but then latter
were already worked by' 'Old Mother O. *
who, it seems, claimed, and luccessfally
asserted, exclusive privilege with regard
to the portable property on that route.
The interviewer, after leaving the lad,
found himself minus a handkerchief and
ft halfpenny, which he had pnrposal-f
left in nil tall pookat aa nn axpanmeut
to aw whether ha could be .Waved ol
them withoot hla knowlad-m
-AND    ���
"Feed        Stabib
All Kinds of Teaming   Done.
Horses and   Rigs  for Hire at
All  Times
Saw Mill
All kinds of Rough and
Dressed Lumber always on
hand and delivered at short
Also all kinds of Moulding,
Lath, Sawn and Split Shingles, and dressed Pine and Cedar always on hand.
Orders  promptly executed.
Which we possess will do
your stumping speedily, neatly, and at reasonable rates.
celebrated ��
will    travel n
0 0
0 Norman   McLeod ��
0 u
0    The  justly
0   Clydesdale,
0 through the District  this 0
0 0
0 season. 0
Jj R. Grant & L. Mounce, JJ
0 Props. Union, B. C. 1/
G B Leighton
At the  Bay, Comox, B. 0.
Blacksmithing and  Repairing
of ail kinds
Carriage Work and Horseshoeing a specialty
Nanaimo   Saw  Mill
���    r.
Sash and Door Factory
A Haalam, l'ron. Mill III,, I'U llox.15, T��l, M
Nsinaimo li. C,
A complete stock of Rough and Dressed
Lumber always on hand; also Shingles,
Laths, Pickets, Doors, Windows and
Ulinds, Moulding, Scroll sawing, Turning
and all kinds of wood finishing furnished
Cedar,     White   Fine,     Redwo.d.
All orders accompanied withCASH prompt
ly and carefully attended to.
Steamer Kstell
Harbor and outside towing done at reason
able rates.
F. W. Hart
Manufacturer,   Importer, Wholesale
and  Retail  Dealer    in
%3T Largest Eswt'Niment of Its kind,
2I-J4 Cordova St.       Vancouver,    II. C
J. W. McCann
Carpenter    *
And Builder
Dr W J Curry
(D E NT I8 T.)
Creen's lllock���near l'ost Office���Nanaimo. Any number of teeth removed
without pain and without thc use of
Kthcs or Chloroform. *
H A Simpson
Barrister and Solicitor.   Office in Hnd
flat, Gram's   Block.
Nanaimo, B. C.
Ve have received our new Hillnnery and are very busy   filling orders
for ftp-ring Hate and Bonnate.   Come down and aee ua at once
���*��&,      DRESS   GOODS      -��*J
We have aurpaaied anything ever attempted before   in thia   line,  and
the trimming* are simply elegant.
AM our  New Jackets and Capes are to hand
Commercial Street
Nanaimo B. C,
I Make It a Point 3 Know
For tlif l*it thirty yean having hau-tlei. Kilvrr Were, manufacture-,! by the
Cclrltratfd tii-iii*-- of Kictl and Burton���Ko'lj*er�� 1847 ��� anil Merit.en l.ritaniiiii,
1 know then, to lie A I.   K3^ In Jt-wrlry, Clock i, Wettilire, nnd  Spt-et-uclvB.
I Show th*- Ltvrjjrtt Sto-*k in ttofeity, AT HARD TIMES   PftlOES.
Spt-oal ntt��-nti"ii given lo reparing in ALL Brftuuhi-s of the Trade.
C^ Order*. Ity mail will liavj prompt attention. J��%
M. R. Counter,
Crescent Jeielry Store.        Nanaimo B. C.
Vancouver Furniture Warehouse,
Katnbll.hed 1813.
���>       Also l).al.r In       ���
Nanaimo b. c.   *.&-*
Nanaimo Cigar Factory.
Philip Gable, Proprietor,
-gaston Street      ���    Nanaimo B. 0.
Manufactures   thc   finest   cigarcs.
cmploying none but white labor.
Why purchase inferior foreign cigars,
when you can obtain a SUPERIOR ARTICLE for the same money?	
Raper Rapar & Go,
Bookseller!,     Statiouers.
Qeneral   New*   Agents.
Nanaimo. B. C.
The Nanaimo Pharmacy
Nanaimo B. 0.
\V. E. Mc Caxtney Chemist,
Pure Dru^s Chemicals and pHtent
M l-ll id IK'S.
Pbyftloaaa   Ptwiptioiw ond all onion AIM
will) care ami diipiUch. !>, 0. box 1.'
fioktJ, Wnnborn'
Fraser Street
Near Bastion Street Bridge
Nanaimo' B. C.
All Kiwis of Machinery made to order
and repaired.
Fruit Trees
Mainland Nursery *
*      Ladners Landing B. C.
A large supply of three and four year old
A.*P*E��Ij-B TB*3B3
Also Pears Plumes, Prunes, and Peaches
Ornamental trees' for lawns and grass
plots.   Small fruits,   shrubs   and evergreens of every variety.
M, B. Gilchrist,
C. B.
Geo. Bevilockway,
-*-    Red House    -*-
Onmimercial St.     ��   Nanaimo. B. 0.
Dealer in General Merchandise-
Highest cash Price Paid for Furs,Hides,
and Country Produce.
Ralph Craig's
Nanaimo Steal
llaston St. Bridge, Nanaimo, II. C.
General Blacksmith ing, Horseshoeing
Carrage Building, etc.
Wagons and Farming Implement*
made aud repaired. Miners' Auger Drilling Machines made (o order on short
J. G. Melvin
Experienced Watchmaker
Manufacturing Jeweler
And Diamond Setter.
Work done for the trade,
Repairing a specialty
A trial solicited
Orders by mail
Hox 598, No 208 Abbot St. Vancouver.
General Job Work
Courtenay 6, G,
Fraser jiThomas
Stage and Livery Business
Stage connects with all steamers at
the Bay.
Alio do a general
Teaming Business
Ordsrs raaj b, loft st ihi Ceurt-oay
Hotel, or thii offise.
Eureka  Bottling Works,
narsaparsilla and Champagne Cider, Iron Phosphates, Syrups.
lloltler of Different llrands of 1-ager lleer Steam Deer antl l'orter.
Agent for Union llrewery Company.
Nanaimo and Courtenay B.  C.
l.D. McLean
Jeweler, Bookseller
and Dealer in
Organs, Pianos.Music
Stationery,   and Notions oi all kinds.
Union   Mines, B. C,
1 have some sjJended lots
for sale, both business aiul ne
Now is die time to but* to
advantage before the Canada
VVestain Railway reaches here.
With the advent of the railway, in addition to due other
conceded advantages of the
place, prices  must rule very
This town is Socated ra the
midst of xhn targttst agricultural
setfement oj, Vancouver Island. It is within six miles of
Union Miues .affording the farmers of the valley the very
best home market, and is situated <wt the <��tily highway
leading from the settlement to
the mines. The lumber interests of this section are most ex
tensive anrS are an important
factor in our progress.
The per tent of improve-
menis of this town during the
present year is greater ��tett
any other place the Coast
can boast of, .and the inarch ot
improvement is still onward.
The prosperity of the towa
has for it* foundations, therefore large miseral, agricultural,
and timber rccources. it au*
also be added that ao section
furnishes a better field for the
sportsman. Fish and game
are always abundant and, our
hotels of the best
For particulars address.
Joseph McPhee
Courtenay B.C.
Wm. Cheney
[  Office at thc bridge ]
Real Estate Agent and Auctioneer.
Lots sold on easy terms.
Comox Saw Mills.
Rough and Dressed Lumber
White Pine always in stock.
All orders executed promptly.
Urquhart Bros. Proprs. Comoi E,0,


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