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BC Historical Newspapers

The Weekly News Jan 3, 1894

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 G. A. McBain Co*
final Estate BroF'
Nanaimo,  B. C' .
G. A. McBain * Co.
Nanaimo, B. C.
Mr**. 6o.
$2.00 PER YEAR
has a fine assortment of
Xmas Goods
Also   Groceries
toots.Shoes,Clothing and Gents Furnishings
Orders taken for custom made suits
��� ���������������~������������
Wm. K. Leighton.
Fire and Life Insurance Agent.
Royal London and Canadian
l'henix of Hartford
London and Lancashire
Confederation Life.
, Green Block, Nanaimo.
VV. 1. Young. . P. F. Scliarsehrnidt.
Also Fancy Toilet Articles,
^OQTJlLL-^lsr ��Sb O-ILILflOIR-E
Having bought out the Stage, Team and Livery Outfit of
John W. Fraser will continue the business at the old stand.
****-,,    We have also purchased a carload of Lake coal and will
deliver it at a reasonable figure.
Orders may be left at the news' Office.
ing Society,
Capital   16,000,00000
Shares tloo Each, payable 60 cents per month
���0 0	
A Local Oo-Operatlre Building, Loan and Bavinfa Aasoclst'on.
 0 0	
Organized and operated by business men of Nanaimo, elected by tbe Shareholders.
Andrew Haslam, Esq., Mayol of Nanaimo, President;
C. H.   Stickles,   Manager E.   L.  Works,   Vice-President
A. K.'Johnston, Esq., Treasurer; Marcus Wolfe, Esq,, Secretary
C. H. Darker, Solietor
Alderman E. Quennel; Alderman T. Dobeson; Wm. Patterson, Esq.
J. Foreman, Esq.; J. W, Stirtan, Esq.
Uankhks��� The Hank of liritish Columbia, Nanaimo.
K"*-* Subscription Hooks are now open and any information can be had by applying
.   to the Secretary, who wilt furnish copies of Prospectus and Ily- Laws.
MARCUS WOLFE, Secretary.
Agent at Union, Alex W, Frasei.*��ia-r-*yAgent at Courtenay, P. W. Patterson.
Son Life Assurance Co
One of the Largest and Strongest Companies
in Canada
Gives the Most Liberal Contract and Pays the  Largest Dividens
Assets $3,403,700.00
Reserve lor the Security of Policy Holders    $2,988,320,28'
Surplus over all Liabilities $307,428.77'
3 X. Ormne, Oen'l Agent, Victoria, B. 0.    L. W. Fauquier,Special Agent
We Carry the Largest Stock
���   of   ���
in British Columbia.
Simon Leiser, Proprietor,
Miss M. Roy has charge of our dress Department. All work done in this Department guaranteed to give satisfaction.
Importers 4 Dealers in
flow 4k Fted
Farm Froduca
Fancy Qroeortet
Crockery tt Olaaswara
Dry Oooda
Boots A Shoe*
Faint* Oil*
Otata Famishing*
Patient Medicine.
Sportsmens Supplies a Speciality
E. Pimbury & Co.
Wholesale and Retail
Druggists  and Stationers
Commercial St Nanaimo, B. C
8tora for Rent.
For rent from Aug. i my store in thc
This is a first class chance, as a good,
paying business has already been built
up.   Apply lo
,,.       -    Wm. Lewis, Courtenay, 1). C.
Rims tor 8ale.
For Sale two t'.ne young Rams (South
Applv to
Geo. How*,
Cantos, B. C.
Dr W J Gurry
Green's lllock���near Post Office���Nana!-
n-o. Any number of teeth removed
without pain and without the use of
Ether or Chloroform.
Farm Products for Sale
IU.llv.wcl ��t TbM Caira's f��rm.l
Carrots per lb. t cent
Turnips *'   " *'   "
C.bbage "   " \% cents
Onions   ".  " a   "
Eggs limed per dos 30."
Fresh eggs at market price
Mutter per Ib 30   '*
Society    Cards
1.0. 0. F., No .11
Union Lodge, I, O. O. F., meets every
Friday night at 8 o'clock. Visiting brethren cordially invited to attend.
Alex. W. Fraser, R. S
Hiram Looge No 14 A.F .& A.M..U.C.K.
Courtenay B. C.
Lodge meets on eveiy Saturday on or
before the full of the moon
Visiting Brothers   cordially requested
to attend.
W.J. Young
K. of P.
Comox Lodge No 5, K. of P., meets
every Saturday, after the new and lull
moon, at 8 p. m. at Castle Hal, Comox.
Visiting Knights cordially invited to at*
John Ilurd
K. R.S.
C. O. O. F.
Loyal Sunbeam Lodge No. too, C. 0
O. F. meet ,in the old North Comox-
school house titrf second Monday at 8
p. m Visiting brethren cordially invited
to attend.
J. B. Bennett, Sec.
H A Simpson
Barrister and Solicitor.   Office in -nd
flat, Green's Block, Nanaimo, B. C
Will be in Union every Wednesday and
Courtenay on Thursday.
R. B. Anderson,
Practical Watchmak
Worker in Light Metals and
Fluent office Ilk Hotel
Ooveox, B. 0.
A t>rman haa taken out a uatentfor pro
ittlclng varnish from linwrnl oil by mean,
ol anelcctriiiuurreui.
A Ilualoninn bus electric lamps onto-aled
about lila windows so aa to produce a aiuil
laruiTeot iu auiillglit ahlrniitf through th.
In Its constitution electric light very
cluH.lv n-aeiuldea amtllght and baa a far
aniallrr proportion ot harmful rays than
any of tin- rival lllmnluanta.
The alvcirtc power plant whleh Is loraUd
nt tin- aorgv ui-Hr WlnooHkl, Vt., l�� almost
ready to Im put Into active *;��ratlon.   It.
f-rluolpnl llhe will tie to aupply pow��rfot
llirllnritoti'a electrlii atreet car line.
Tin. telephone wa. tlrat prutlcally tuwd
In Knuliinil In IBili, wheu over 115 mile. eA
wlr. exlated outweeu I-oii'lon mid Niewleli,
tint un telephone excli.liuv wna eamblialied
until 18711, when 10 ollice. wuraeatahllslied.
Au addition to tbe recent electrical ap-
plinnoea Iim .ppearcsl lu tbe abape of an
electrically heated .having pot. This put
ean ba made Instantly available In any
room lo which current for light la supplied.
Resident Physician Appointed.
Victoria, Jan. 2.���Ur. John Lang has
been appointed Resident Physician for
Comox district.
Province or British Columbia.
To Our faithful trie Members elected to
serve in thc Legislative Assembly of Our
Province of Brirttb Columbia at Our
City of Victoria���Greeting.
Att*raey��ea<nl. J " We are
desirous and resolved, as soon as may be,
to meet Our people of Our Province of
liritish Columbia, and to have their advice in Our Legislature:
NOW KrlOW YE, thnt for divers
causes and considerations, and taking
into consideration thc case and convenience nf Our loving subjects, We have
thought fit, by and with the advice of
Our Executive Council of the Province
of British Columbia, to hereby convoke,
and by these presents enjoin you. and
each of yoti, thai on Thursday, the Eighteenth dtsy ofthe month of January, one
thousand eight hundred and ninety.
lour, you meet Us in Our said Legislature or Parliament uf Our said 1'i-vince
at Our City* Victoria. FOR THE DIS
PATCH OT BUSINESS, to treat, do,
art, and conclude upon those things
which in Our Legislature of the Province
of British Columbia, by the Coniioon
Council of Our said Province may, by the
favor of God, be ordained.
In Testimony, Whereof, We have
caused these 'Our Letters to be made
Patent and thev Great .Seal of the
said PfuvThce tdbeherenr.to affixed:
Witness, the Honourable Eigar
Dewonev, Lieutenant-Governor of
Our said Province of liritish Columbia, in Our City of Victoria, in Our
said Province, this Fourteenth day
of December, in the year of Our
Lord one thousand eight hundred
and ninety-three, and in the fifty-
seventh year ol Our reign.
By Command.
Provincial Secretary.
A Grand Pythian Ball
will be held in
Knights of Pythias Hall
at Comox.
Wednesday, Jan. 17th 1894.
on  the occasion of
Grand Chancellor Anstie's
Tickets admitting Cent and Lady $2.$a
William lAWft-n-tt Pool* -of Ktw Orleans
faMitl to l* tlie o.-lijMt wlltor tu tbo eouu*
try.   IU to now t-w yuan ot in*.
Mary Hurt well Cnthorwood, th* brilliivnt
author of "OKI Kaiktukia," t*gaii hor lit-
story wwr when n tm*i* child aa oontrlb-
til'-r io n bunion Jurunile 1u.-1-fiu.Ui6.
Miaa Auiye linatle, a nlcuo of tlie novel-
lm Churl-.*** lOmit, haa followtxl In thc
foot nt-������hi nl her unci-** to tht? axtent of writ
Inn two tu-vt-U, "Huby" auil "Zurirnv"
Dr. Ollrur Wwi.ltill Hoi 11 it-** aajra b��
dnvftn't f rtl halt so i>1-I now aa hn did nt '.T.
Probably us la much yuungur, dt-.pt u- hli
yuan, than lh�� average young mnn of 17.
f-rofuwHir tiolilwlu Smith ta preparing to
bring out not wily tiU Ixxis, oa the United
Suit-*, luitalwi aiiotJuircouUiiiiiuna wri��
of traiittli.tl'iii-1 from thu I.utlu powU. Thii
(a to bu oaUtd "Day Ijuwm."
I -iicci-i Dull* Hnhht* waa tb* Inventor of
ami'ibodof liiirdi-niiifj u-rra cotta, th��at
eret of which diwl with bim. Hia faiuou*
groupa wer-j ntl ch-cuUhI Ib U-rra cotia
which hu madt na ban) aa atona.
llftirit'iu Itoiiaar, tha well known paint
arof cata, Iim baan called tbe liona Ilou
bi-ttruf kitU'-m. No one, not even H-irri
win Weir, htw ��U*|doi��d the cat mother ant*
ber playful, fluffy proguuy witb laorafldel
Uy thua Mum, tionuer.
Flnoyileni UtUtuualallowaoaaforii
Boiled bum and ton ho* ahould baallcad
an thin iu tin* knife blade.
Tho lotwf4-r abounda lo phoapboroa, aod
aa a vehicle for the conTeyaDor and ua-
almilation of thia rt-co-fnixed buln nub-
atanoe to much apprvciatad by liu-mrj-
When th** plfw A* TPttlntanoa l* **hi-*Wen,
don't urika-^tift-t ithu pi-eferMwhit-sordttrk
meat; nerve n tmrtion of both, With rotu-t
Itlnciwtomary to find out if be like* the
bwf rare or wull done.
Nenfeliatcl cbecaa to dellcioua for apread-
Ing a brown bread aandwlcb. Cut thi
bread thin, uae vary little butter, then
apreikl with tba cbeaaa. Dtp eome water
erea-rcaln a French -nlad dicaraing, drain
a tnomeat and taeloaa tbam baMNao tbe
Union Flashes.
Since your last issue the the Thistle,
the Comet, and the Dunsmuir have been
at Union wharf,loaded and departed
The S. S. Danube left Friday for Victoria.
The str. Umatilla loaded for 'Frisco.
The San Mateo was also up here and
took out her usual complement for Los-
Angeles She is expected to run regular
ly now, and as she takes out usually
4900 tons, it makes a noticeable differ*
Capt Freeman and Mrs. F. D. Little
went below on the str. Joan on her last
The contractor of the new Methodi-t
edifice left for Victoria on tht sir. Joan
on Friday morning to spend tbe holidays
There was a rumor current that on
Friday afternoon an American stoop
went north up the Gulf, supposed to be
in the whiskey business. It was said
that the customs officer and a posse of
which Jack Druce and Ed. McKim formed a part had gone in pursuit- Fraser,
the customs' officer was no where to be
seen, and Bruce and McKim were both
absent lending: a coloring to the story.
What sort of a craft they found to give
chase in we could not learn, but the posse was well selected. Bruce is a valiant
Knight of the Kaior and said to be e-
qtially expert with the broadsword, und
Ed. McKim gained deserved reputation
in the Valdes Island campaign of hist
year. Further news is momentarily looked for and expectation is on tip toes.
The boarders at Union hotel are a
handsome set of fellows, if handsome is
that handsome does, and ou Christmas
eve they did the handsome thing in making a presentation to Miss May Green-
away, the young lady attendant of the
dining room, of an elegant gold watch
and brooch, as a token of their appreciation of her faithful attention to the duties
of her position, invariable courtesey and
genial good humor.
At Union hotel on new year's eve
lhe boarders came together in the
i-parinus parlors, and what with song,
recitation and story telling, the last
hours of the Old Year passed swiftly and
joyously away, and at midnight the glad
new year was welcomed with songs of re-
The Cumberland Hotel was formally
opened to the public on new year's day.
Mr, A. Lindsay formerly manager of
tlie Company's store hns charge of the
restaurant department, which is a guarantee that everything will be first class.
The opening was in keeping with thc
claims of the hotel to be the finest and
mo*t imposing, excepting The Windsor
of Nanaimo n'-rth of Victoria. Powder
and rockets 1 mpha**iied the occasion;
and soda water, powdered sugar and
lemor peel combined to enliven and satisfy the thronging multitude.
bn ihe mnd of December at the auction sale of A. G-trvin's ranch. Mr. Sam.
Davi-* bid off 53 lots being the eniire water front*-of the syrts-yed part. Property
there is in great demand now and important developeraents may be expected.
The public schools of a town usual'y
iudicate its growth, and if Union Mines
be judged by this standard, then its progress must be rapid indeed. During the
past icfm there were enrolled one hundred pupils, with an average daily attendance of over seventy. After vacation
the number on the roll will be considerably increased thu*-- nccessi ating an ad.
ditinnHl teacher and school accommodation. The salaries also must be raised
as the services of efficient teachers cannot be retained nt the present rate.
The closing examination was held on
Thur*.dr.y, Dec. 21st, and was attended
by quite a large number of visitors. Thc
examination wns very satisfactory and
reflected much credit on the teachers, Mr.
Watkins and Miss Powell.
The Rev. Mr. Higgins at thech sc ofthe
examination made a short Address in
which be expressed himself as bighlj
pleased with the great progress made, especially in reading, spelling, and geography, though he deplored the low standing which the school had always occupied in mathematics. Me also complimented the teachers on the very excellent
order and discipline maintained by them.
Mr. Watkin then brought the proceeding
to a close by a few remarks in which be
thanked thc parents for their encouragement during the term.
Knights of Pythias.
At 3 p. m of Jan, ist Benevolent
Lodge No. 14 K. of P. of Union duly installed the following officers: C. C'.��� J.
P. Struthers; P. C���W. H. Campbell;
U-Walter Whyte; K. of R. & S.-Geo.
Robertson; M. of, F.���John Bruce; M. of
E.-- John Thompson; M. of W.��� Geo.
F. Parks; M. A. - Ed. W. [ones; I. G.
���Robert Robertson ;O.G.���David Walk-
In the evening under the auspices of
the lodge a grnnd ball was given. It was
a brilliant affair, admirably managed.
The music was of the best, and the supper provided excellent. The attendance
wns j-rntifyingly large and (the gentlemen
having charge art to be congratulated.
Bay Concert.
The concert on the 19th instant at the
K. of P. Hall in aid of St. Peter's church
was fairly well attended notwithstanding
the inclemency of the weather. Tht con
cert was artistically and financially a sue
cess, and if it were repeated would command a good house. Mr. f. B, Holmes
occupied the chair, and the programme
opened with a duct by Mrs. and Miss
Smith. Then followed a song by Mrs
W. B. Anderson. The children.*, performance here formed a pleasing variation,
Mrs, and Miss Holmes sang the nursery
rhymes, while the children came in and
circled round in appropriate characters,
eliding well merited applause. Next
Geo. Beckcnsell gave an appropriate
reading. A song was given here with
good effect bv Mr, Ryan. A four.part
song in which Mrs. H. Smith, Mrs. W.
B. Anderson, Mrs. J. B. Holmes and
Miss Holmes participated was capitally rendered. A reading followed by
Mr. Holmes, who is a good mimic and
well suited to ahamemii-*nicce. "What
are the wild wave<*|-*ayinv;"was renderrd
immis:ral numbers by Mrs Smith and
Mrs Holmes, at thc close of which Mrs
Anderson favored the audience with a
song The "Shy Robin" was the lasl
piece, and was effectively given by Mrs
The accompaniments were by Mr
Baircl, Mrs Smith and Miss Holmes,
The net receipts wire $30,
Cape Mudge News.
Editor of News,��� As we have not
had any mail for the last two months
you people of Comox must wonder how
we have been getting along. Well, I'll
try and tell you. Mr. Fletcher th** Post
Office Inspector got us a post office but
no steamboat to bring the mails. In other words, we have a summer post office.
Whenever tbe str. Joan makes an excursion this way, she takes compassion on
us and carries our mail gratis. Well, we
hope the government will do better next
year, as we are told that we are to have
a member from this district to represent
us. One thing the Government aid riot
forget to do, and that was to appoint a
tax collector to go around and levy $3
on every working man and when he has
paid that he is expected to go 50 miles
to mail a letter, or get one. Oh! is there
not something rotten?
Mostly all the logging camps in the
north are closed down, as then ii no demand for logs. There are not less than
12,000,000 feet in the water awaiting a
raise in the price.
W. Duncan, who has been foreman
the last year for N. McDougall, has been
engaged by the Saywurd Lumber Co. to
take charge of their camp, formerly run
by J. McKim. They have secured a
first class woodsman, and one that understands his business.
Mr. Robert Hall lias about finished his
large new hotel. It will fill a long felt
want at the Cove. He has secured the
well known Mr. Leopold, formerly of the
Palace Hotel, San Francisco, to take
charge of the culinary department. As
yet Mr. Hall has not yet obtained a license to sell liquor, but it is thought that
at the next sitting of the License Commissioners the license will be granted, as
such a place is needed on the island. It
would be much better than to compel
people to buy of the whiskey stoops.
Some people make a plea that it is too
near the Indian Reserve, but that is all
bosh as the Indian does not get his liquor near his home* he goes to Vancouver
or Victoria and there buys a big supply
in coal oil cans and fetches it north
and opens a little saloon of his own
charging $2.50 for a small yeast powder
can full. White men up north have them
selves paid these prices to thc Indians,
and got mighty poor stuff, too.
Mr. Pideock, Indian agent is building
a large family residence at Cape Mudge
which will cost away up in the figures
when Completed.
Thc Methodist Mission is building 1
new church and school house at the Indian Ranch.
All we need to boom things here now
is a few of Comox real estate agents.
from Sayward Disuict.
Hornby and Denman Islands.
D ec. 27th,���School examination took
place last Thursday at Hornby in which
trustees and parents took a marked interest. The scholars showed a decided iin-
{novement. The teacher, Miss Blake
eft on Friday's steamer for her home in
Mr. John Harwood, the boss of the
Union RR. came over Friday to spend
the holidays with his family.
A. Austin and brother with the sloop
"Fawn" anchored at Ford's Cove. They
are engaged in fishing in Lambert Channel.
It is rumored that another steamer in
addition to the Joan, will be put on the
Nanaimo���Comox route.
It is learned that the well known auctioneer, Wm. Cheney, took the lirst prize
at thc turkey shooting at Howe's famous
The next concert in aid ofthe new hsll
building at Denman Island will take
place at the school house there on the
evening of the 6th of January. It is
hoped that everybody will turn out and
give them a bit.
There was a grand ball nt Win, Cheney's residence, Denniaa Island on
Christmas eve. After the inner man had
been fully satisfied by a suinputous repast
the "fiddle and lhe bow" were called into
requestion, and the quadrille and schnt-
tisch followed each other until tbe chanticleers announced the approach of morn
In Menoriam.
To the Chancellor Commander, officers
and members of Benevolent Lodge No.
14, Knights of Pythias:���
We, your committee, appointed to
draft resolutions of respect and condol-
ance on the death of our late Brother, W.
J. Young, who died at Nanaimo Dec. ith
1893, beg to offer the following:���
Whereas it has pleased God, our heavenly father, to remove from our midst,
W. J. Young.
Be it resolved. That it is with deep
sorrow that we received the sad news,
and while we bow in humble submission
ti) Him, who doeth all things well, we re
gret to lose a true and tried Knight, a
zealous and upright member,- one who
loved (he Brother-hood.
Be it resolved, thnt while we mourn
his death, stricken down in the prime of
life and a vigorous and prosperous ca-
rser,��� he leaves a large circle of friends
to mourn his loss.
We ask God to comfort and sustain his
aged parents, who mourn thc loss of a
kind and affectionate son, and while we
sympathize with them whose grief is too
deep and sacred to be reached by human
agency, we hope they will meet in the
place where joy reigns and parting is unknown.
Be it further resolved That a copy of
these Resolutions be spre-id on the minutes of this Lodge and a copy sent to his
parents; also that the-*e resolutions be
printed in Thk CouRTF.N.w News and
thc Nanaimo Free Press.
Submitted, etc., this 12th day of Dec. 1893
1. V. Nicholls, P. CI
fi. T.  Parks, C. C. r   Committee
W. Whyte. J
Hiram Lodge Installation
On the 27th Dec���St John's Day���the
new officers of Hiram Lodge No 14 A F
& A M were duly installed by Past W M
Clinton assisted by Past Master J Mc-
Wm Mathewson ���W M; R Grant���
SW|,J H Holmes���J W;T Heckensell--
Treas; K 9 McConnell- Stx'y; F Cox���
S D; T Cairns���J D; H Stewart��� I G;
R Graham���DC; John Berkeley and
Wm Viles���S; and John Piorcy-T.
Local Brevities
A Happy New Year to all!
S F Cr-twford has imported a fine
thorogh bied Hotstein-Frie$ian  hetfci.
The annual K. of P. ball at Coniox is
always the advent ofthe season.
J. XV. McC-tnn 1ms commenced work
on Kenneth Grant's new house.
For Sale��� A new milch's cow En-
quire of A Urquhart
The frame of Kenneth Grant's new
residence, Courtenay, was raised on Mon
Hugh Morrison has purchased of Mr
John Berkeley sixty acres of his ranch
back of Courtenay.
Miss Maggie Piercy of Denman Island
has been a guest at the Riverside hotel
fur the lasl few days
Dr. Lang of Victoria was a guest nf
Rev. Mr. T.iit last Thursday. He left
for home Friday morning on the Joan.
Mr. Geo. Whitman has moved into the
house on Bay avenue lately vacated by
John W. Fraser.
On the evening of Thursday last Rev
Mr Higgins of Union delivered at ibe
Bav Reading Room a most inreresiing
address on the Liquor Evil
New Year's night was duly celebrated
at Mr Sam Piercy's by a dance There
was quite an attendance of the young
The Children connected with the English church enjoyed a very pleasant time
Monday evening at the Mission church
The Cabinet Grand took two prizes at
the World's Fair, and is, of course the
best piano manufactured. J. B. Holmes
is the agent for Comox.
On the 27th Dec���St John's Day -
the new officers of Hiram Lodge No. 14,
A. F. & A. M were duly installed by past
W. M. Clinton of Union.
On the evening of Thursday last Rev.
Mr. Higgins of Union delivered at the
Bay Reading Room a most interesting
address on the Liquor Evil,
The weather prophets say that there is
to be no bad weather this year. The indications have been verified by 40 years
of experience.
At the K. of P. ball, Jan. 17th Past-
Gr<tnd Chancheltor, Cnssan, and Grand
Chancellor Anstie of Vancouver will be
present.   Secure your tickets at once.
Mr. Alex. Graham and his brother
James Graham have abandoned their
northern sealing trip. The prospect of
making big money in thc business has
grown beautifully less of late.
The Knights of Pythias ball, will as us
ual be a grand affair. Date ��� January
I7tb. Place���K. of P. Hall, Comox.
Tickets���$2.50 for lady and gentleman,
including supper.
Mr. Chas. Rabson has retired from the
liverv business leaving a clear field to
McQuillan Si Gilmore. Mr. Ratyon is
enjoying "his ease with dignity" ot. 0;.���
splendid estate left hiin at the mouth i4
the swift rolling Courtenay.
The Fight Off.
Jacksonville, Jan. 1.��� Both Corbett
and Mitchel have been arrested, and the
present arrangements for a fight are supposed to be off.
Officers Elected.
Comox Lodge; K. of P. have elected
the following officers for the ensuing
term:��� P. Scharschmidt, M. W.; Robt.
Graham, C. C; W. 11. Anderson, V. C;
J. Baird, K. of R. & S.;G.McUonald,M.
of E.j T. Beckensell, M. of F.; W. Glen-
non, M. at A.; and P. Ryan, P.
Grand Concert.
at the school, Denman Island, B. C, will
be given on Saturday evening, 6th Jan-
uarv, 1894, in aid of the new balk
To commence 7 a'clock prompt.
Dancing afterwards.
The Union string band wil! be in attendance.
Admission 50CIS.   Refreshments free.
Bakery to be Re-opened.
J. W. Wilson has leased of J. McPlice
the Courtenay bakery. He will have thc
present Dutch oven taken down and out
of the brick a model French oven erected. He has engaged the services of
Jack Martin as baker which is a guarantee that he will produce good bread.
Boat building Establishment.
Mr. Oscar Kingsburv, boat builder,
will occupy McArdle's building on Mill
Street, Courtenay, and engage in boat
building. It is a good location, being
near the bridge on tbe river side ot the
street. He already has secured some orders.
New Arrangements.
Telephone and telegraph communic a-
tion with Courtenay has been resumed.
Under the new rules, which WILL BK
KH.iDi.Y enforced nit messages must
be written and signed, on blanks which
will Ik provided, and paid for IN ADVANCE.
E. Church 8.8 Christmas.
The children attending the Sunday
schools in connection with the English
Church together with their parents enjoyed a Xtnas treat on New \caHs night
at the Mission parsonage. There were
refreshments, and the magic lantern added to thc ilclij-lits of the occasion.
Gone Before.
At New Westminster, B. C, on the
22nd of December, Mrs. Laura A. Whitney, wife of M. Whitney, at the age of 57
gently breathed her last. She was burled tn the Oddfellows' cemetery, on the
Monday following. She bad been ill for
the hist two years and death finally came
as an angel of deliverance. She left
thc record of a faithful affeti:onate ivlfej
devoted mother, and true friend.
"Anil whon the r>unwt gstM unbar,
Hlii 11  we uul tea th-M wntUoK sUi-it
And, whit* ngaisBt ihi evanlng star,
The walooroe of thy bookuning haii-lj"
t   . AQR^oaLraKA.u
The Farmer's Resolve-
taeen the advertisement i�� �� olty niagailns
Of nonvi n iw patent modlolDB-thejr cull it
Au' laid ft quart-ten doses-was tho sure-it
kind a' cure
For t'loni wlio-ie  Inclinations for  work   was
rather poor.
tlm -.tuff f'ir i
' sort ���
li tiiem-i m mothi
go ;in' buy
For that young son <*' in inu to tak<
ni.iL-i* him spry:
lie noeda a tharer uraoln up when hay time
oomos around.
Ulthough when fish la runntn1 gooa ho e pretty
slick nn Bound.
Idun'iiowhy ills that boy kin tnko n heavy
An' walk from ton to twenty mile-- and think
ho-i havin' fun;
Hut *�����'������*> -hci-.-'H-uithiii'for todo that-Un the
lie doesn't evon seem to hnve tho Bymptoms of
a spine.
He'll tnke In all llie picnics an' hO'll work like
nil possessed
At pusmn soups for country girls, but never
litis no chest
When't oomoa to tosaln* up the hay or gather-
in'in tho wheat���
The very idenof that soem-i to knock him on
his feet.
An'ho I think I'll go to town an" Samplo thnt
there it nil',
An' ntobbo buy a lot for Tom -ono bottle ain't
Ten doaofl may suffice to put an nvomgo mnn
in trim,
Hut Tom -1 think HI bafter getadoxonquarts
for liim,
Basement Burns For Stick-
Mr. Thos. Shaw, late ot tho Ontario
Agricultural College, writes an fellows in
the Ohio Farmer :���In traveling through a
country I am accustomed to measure tho
advance ment mado iu the live stock interest
by thc number, the size j-.ii-I the character of
the basement barns that are found in it, I
have found that where basement barns of
the right character abound, the livo stock
industry ia flourishing, and along with it
what may be considered high-class farming.
It has been my observation that the connection lid ween the two is so close that
there can be uo divorce between them. In
traveling through Ohio in tho summer of
1892, my attention waa arreated by the in-
frer-uency with which basement barns met
my gaze. I regarded this feature as one of
the strongest indications of a rather languishing interest in livo stock, and I think
I told your farmers so in an article writton
some time aftor, which bore upon this subject,
With imprcssionB such as theso, your
readers cau imagine my surprise on taking
up The Fanner of Oct, I'lith, to find an
article on bank barns which apoke depreciatingly of them, and in the strongest
terms. In tho article wlibli appeared jti
that issue the language was peculiarly forcible. The followingquotations are samples:
"Not one in ten of the bank stables under
barns are fit <��� uartcr-* for stock of any kind,
to say nothing of the harm done to feed
stored above, and wo have yet to find but
very few men who havo had much to do
with building one who will (not) condemn
thom." Aj-iuii, ���- These cellar atablea (generally on the wet sii'e of the elevation) are
too often cesspools of the darkest kind,
reeking with disease, inducing poisonous
gases, and dark as a dungeon. Situations
are rare indeed that may be kept light and
dry and pure, The wonder is tnat any
stock even with the strongest vitality can
overcome the debilitating influences."
I noticed the article was not concluded,
and naturally expected that in tlie closing
sentences, when they appeared, there would
he some softening of the unjustifiable
heterodox opinion.-, which had been advanced iu previous portions. But no, the
perverse views were hung up like falsi
iinger-boards to the ond. The article was
signed " Glen." I do not know to whom
that non-de-plume refers. I hope to meet
" Glen" aome day, and in tho friendliest
manlier possible talk over thc question of
his unorthodoxy on the bank-barn ((ties
tion, but in tho meantime I desire, if I can,
to smash the opinions advanced by him
with the Bledge-hammer of truth, to grind
them into powder and strew tliein on tho
waters of somo river where they may Hiiik
into its sediment never to rise again.
Theso views I regard as a more dangerous
menace to Ohio than its ragweed, if t!iey
come to be generally accepted. They wool!
clog the wheels of live stock improvement
so that they would drag heavily. They
must not therefore be allowed to pass un
" Not one in ten of tho bank stables under barns are tit quarters for atock of any
kind, to say nothing of tho feed stored
above." And yet in the loading live stock
centers of Ontario it is tho exception to
find a barn without a basement. Think of
it, many of the highest winners in various
live atock classes woro reared in those
basement barns ; that is to aay, they wore
wintered in them. " Young AbbotBburn,"
the unconquerable Shorthorn bull, was
reared in a basement barn. The same is
true of the grand sweepstakes herd of Jim,
Kusscll of Richmond Hill, Ont,, of tho
prixe-winning Ayrahirea of Jas. Drummond
of Petite Cote, P. (,)., of tho Devona of W.
.1. Rudd of Ivleii Mills, Ont., of the fat
stock winners of Adam Armstrong, Fergus,
Out., andof many other animala which won
renown at the greatest fair the world ever
produced. Nearly all of tho 100,000 head
of shipping steers sent annually from Ontario to Europoan inarkota are wintered in
those bank burns, and the same is true of
the cows whioh produced tho milk that
made the cheese which carried more than
one hundred prizes from Chicago to that
country. Ana yet not ouo bank barn in
ton, according to " Glen," furnishes fit
quarters for stock of any kind.
" Theso cellars are too often coss-poo.*-*
of the foulest kind, reeking with disease,
inducing poisonous gases and dark as a
dungeon." For the honor of Ohio I hope
that Btatcment was penned in a moment of
forgetful haste. If true, it is a sad comment on the lack of ingenuity, tho torpidity and the sluggishness of the farmers of
Ohio. What, American ingenuity notable
to plan a wholeaoine basement barn ! American intelligence not ablo to ventilate a
baaememt barn ! American good sense not
able to keep a baaement barn free from vile
odors ! American skill not ablo to lot light
iuto a basement barn I Impossible ; I will
not beliove theso things until I have to, of
my newly found countrymen.
It haa lieen my privilege to visit many
hundreds of basement barna in many parts
of Ontario, and aeldom indued havo I found
an approach to a condition of thinga in
theae such as *' Glen" has referred to. My
own barn, if I may bo allowed tha personal
reference, has buou in uae some seven yenrs
or moro. It has wintered from 60 to 100
head of cattle ovory year. There aro moro
than UO head in it to-day, and yet, though
they have been confined in it each winter,
the whole of that part of thc year, there
are uo indications of disease to be found in
thc herd. Tho province of Ontario, which
has 2,000,000 head of cattle, is proverbial
for tho good health which so uniformly prevails in tho livo stock thereof, and yot a
very largo proportion of thesu animals art
reared in basement barns,
It may be a little humiliating to our national pride to concede that another country
thau ours has a lead in live atock production. Let ua look at the matter calmly,
however, and not try to shut our eyea tc
truth because it may for the time being
prove unpalatable truth. By the losers in a
contest, the time is always we II spent that
is occupied iua closo study of the methods
which nave made the winners successful.
We do well then to give most careful study to
the question of baaement barna. Tho moro
completely that it becomes engrafted on our
live stock methods the greater will be the
measure of the success thai will follow.
Poultry PoInterB*
Many poultrymen say that tt hen of
yeara has done hor boat service,
Scientific information  on the subject of
poultry Is ui yet but scanty.
Bantams find uu -ale in market and their
egg - aru never aold, but ihey lay larger egga
in proportion to their size thau any other
Fowls that havo aome age on them are
made tenderer aod the fieah mora juicy by
being kept confined in oloae, olean quarter!
for two or three weeks before being killed,
and having nothing to eat but corn and pure
Birds of all degrees are equally careful
ot their toilet, and dome-it io fowls handled
roughly, suffer nol only extreme terror at
the moment, but discomfort and mortification, when they have time to review their
disordered plumage.
"Nothing but leavea," but theae'aame
dry, dead leaves which now cover the
ground are just the thing to uae in the
poulty house in winter, and if you are
wise in your day and generation, you will
rake up barrels of them before they be-
become wet and store them where they will
keep dry.
The value of dry earth in the fowlhouse,
more especially where wooden floors are in
uae, ia it not generally appreciated. Any
.kind of clean loam, or clay-soil, will answer.
But it should be gathered now, before the
fall rains render it haavy and soggy, and
plentifully atored iway in a corner or heap,
inside the poultry-houae.
Dairy Matters.
A calf that stands in * big, cold stable all
day, bleating and pulling at a halter, is not
on the highroad to make a flourishing heifer
or a prosperous oow.
The World's fair dairy teats necessitated
over :{(K) testa and analyses per day and over
3 IS, 000 entries in the record books, of the
latter one-half were the result of a more or
less elaborate calculation.
The dairyman oan take altogether too
much stock in the teachings of nature and
the best and moat profitable of cows are
those that have about aa little to do with
nature aa possible.
The ration which eaoh animal can uso to
the best advantage will vary greatly. The
mast economical individual feeding is giving
the amount best calculated to secure the
best results.
The World's fair dairy testa disclosed
aome peculiarities in the churning temperature uf cream. The orthodox figures were
found to be too high at Chicago. In aome
cases as low as 40 �� waa found necessary at
starting. It was also found that the Jersey
cream required the highest temperature.
The firat year of a calf's life determines
to a great degree, its value as an animal
for profit. If it is permitted to run with
the cows, steers and older cattle, where it
will be jostled about and made to stand
hack from the feed until such a time as it
can get to take up the refuse left aftor the
stronger have their choice, an unprofitable,
stunted oalf will be the result.
Imagine the world getting along without an unvarying foot rule���with one that
might be nine inches or three feet. That
was tho condition of the dairy world before the discovery of the Bibcock test,
according to Professor Roberts. To say
that "my cow gave 100 pounds of milk" is
mere nonsense. We want quality���fat-
not water, chalk and talk. Thia teat sets
tho pace forever. It emphasizes the importance of studying the cows. It greaaes
the pedigree and doea more for breeders
and feeders than anything else ever did.
Farm Notes.
The hog will do woll in the atraw stack.
Keep tho dog out of the cow pasture.
Nona but a well trained collie should be allowed about the cattle.
Blanket your horses early and it will give
thom a short, sleek coat.
The New Hampshire experiment farm
finds that milk from the best cowa coats IJ
centsa quart, from their poorest, 4�� cents,
as it costs just aa much to feed the smallest
The ranges are sending more and poorer
cattle to the market than a year ago, Thia
indicates that the ranch ia declining in
meat-making ability, and that oloae timea
for money compelled sales.
Good feet are the foundation, in more
thau one senae, of a good horse. In fact, a
good horae oan no more stand on bad feet
than a good houae can stand on a bad foundation. See that your animal is sound;
from the ground up.
We have not any surplus of prime beef
or prime pork or prime mutton, even if we
have of wheat, aa some appear to think
then it aeema a rational proposition that w
Bhould turn some of this wheat into meat,
and bo equalize matters. Some farmers are
already doing thia with good results.
Regular feeding of all the stock is one of
the important things in careful and profitable management. The hoj will tell you
plainly if you have passed his dinner hour,
hut aome of the other animals, which make
Icsb fiiB3, perhapa, notice the nogleot just aa
The stallion should have regular exercise,
to develop health, vigor and good reproductive powera. Not one-half of them get
the exercise they should have. Tho mares,
too, will breed better if kept regularly at
farm work than if allowed to get fat and
If you havo a half dozen good breeding
sows, and are in the business of hog raising
to Btay, you should also keep a boar, and a
good one. The time aud trouble of borrowing cost about as muoh as the expense of
keeping him, and it is not often that the
best one can be borrowed.
Farmers who have figured on it closely
say it costs more to raise a four-year-old
colt thau a steer of the same age; but we
all know there is a vast difference in the
price they aell for. It is a safe ohoioe to
raise good driving horses, whioh will weigh
from IWO to 1,050 pounda. Anything lighter
will fail to sell at a satisfactory figure.
For the purpose of beef making, we doubt
if scrub eattlo ever pay their way. They
oau not, with any amount of oare and feed,
he made into such cattle as will aell at top
prices in tho open market, yet they have
takon thc samo care, longer time to mature,
and aa a conaequence more feed than would
have been required for tho well bred animals. Those facts are perfectly apparent
to any man who will take the trouble to
ohservs carefully for himself. If you have
been trying to make a profit from scrubs,
or trying to fool yourself with the belief
that you can do ao, you had better givo it
The young animala aro the ones upon
which you depend for your future income
and profit. If this expectation ia to lie
fully realized, you must now give good
care, and so lay the foundation for future
growth and development. If you leave
them lo shift for themselves, they will
bring you ouly loss and disappointment.
D<> you fully understand the value of good
cornfodder, and do you act up to your
knowledge in feeding your atock'; It is a
fuc'. that the good cornfodder, out up, will
he eaten as clean aud moro completely digested than the heat of timothy ; and so
much more can be grown upon an acre, and
it is consequently so much cheaper to produce, that it is folly not to use it.
Thero is not much question but that tho
spring pigs make the cheapest pork, but
fall pigs are the beat of breeders, if you
must use pigs less than ono year old for
that purpose, and it ia well to remember
that when a pig ia a good breeder for one
year he will be just as good for five or six
years more, The moral of this is that
when you have a good one,-���keep it.
All These Thing* ��>rr There-Did Ion See
Glass bricks.
Electric Buoys.
A $16,000 dock.
A 325,000 organ.
A golden ohair.
An $80,000 clock.
An $40 onyx cane.
A bed worth $950.
1500-year-old corn.
A $1000 arm chair.
A $1500 music box.
Dora Pedro'a chair.
Microbe incubators.
A $300 Panama hat.
A $2500 glass dresa.
A 73-pound salmon,
A 42-foot high olook.
A cape worth $17,500.
A pole 215 feet high.
Electrical engraving.
The Mayflower bible.
John Wesley's clock.
Lace at $1000 a yard.
A 107-ton locomotive,
A $500 sea-otter skin.
A 26-ton block oi coal.
A buffalo in alabaster.
Milking by machinery.
A nugget worth $41,883.
A plate valued at $167.
A steam mocking-bird.
Footgear of 1500 aorta.
A spun-glass umbrella.
A palace built of corn.
Girdle valued at $.'(0,000.
A mantle marked $1000.
A bureau 150 years old.
One of Gladstone's axes.
Leather of 300 varieties.
A $10,000 gold certificate.
Tree 36 feet in diameter.
"Ta-ra-ra" in Egyptian.
Diamonds worth $100,000.
A fishing rod worth $750.
A 150-year-old tea plant,
Grace Darling's life boat.
A handsaw 220 feat long.
An orange "liberty bell."
Tea worth 9175 per pound.
A 913,000 fisheries display.
Bamboo poles 70 feet long.
A ateel ingot worth  $2250
Watchea valued at $400,000.
Horse and rider in prunes.
Billiard balls worth $80,000.
A $35,000 solid silver model.
Japan exhibits oorned beef,
A 30,000-pound block of salt.
A 300-year-old dwarf cedar.
A bone model costing $5000.
American birds of 106 kinda.
A brick warship coat $80,000.
Two miles of lunoh counters.
Egyptian "bum bum" candy.
Forestry exhibits of 18 states.
A skyoyele or flying machine.
Java women affect white hoae.
An 8000-pound piece of copper.
A 12-ton lump of crystal alum.
Forty races in friendly rivalry.
A Jersey cow valued ��t $15,000,
An ammonia street car engine.
Chickens hatched by electricity.
A chocolate tower worth $40,000.
Watches mounted on butterflies.
A cheese weighing 20,000 pouuda.
The national capital in flowers.
Pearl necklace valued at $100,000.
An exhibit of "swiftest" poisons,
A Krupp gun that shoots 20 miles.
An iron eagle with 3000 feathers.
A pavilion built of packing boxes.
The biggest molding in the world.
A shawl containing 24,000 stitches.
One jewelry exhibit worth $400,000.
The judges of awards number 650.
A silver statue weighing 2 J tons.
A hand that dates trom 100 B. C.
Oregon shows an 82 pound salmon*
Bra-fil shows 2000 grades of coffee.
Oldest lathe extant���the Blanchard.
Munich shows an $8750 microscope.
A 50-toot high anthracite pyramid.
Humpbacked whale, 47-J feet long.
The Washington monument in oo ns.
A Japanese doll "baby" aix feet high.
A stained glass window worth $6000.
A group of windmills worth $200,000.
A gold nugget weighing 3040 minces.
Vases made in the fifteenth century.
Clay pipe smoked by Milea Standish,
The first umbrella imported to America.
World's Fair exhibitors number 50,000,
A Shakespearean vase valued at $2000.
A set of 20 stamps valued at $5000 eaoh.
One hundred and twenty carloads of glass.
Log 42 inches square and 41 inohes long
A fountain that squirts California wine.
Paintings executed by Queen Victoria.
Ad elephant tusk weighing 158 pounda.
The lumber in tho Ferris wheel cost $12,-
A piece of lead ore weighing 6500pounds.
Sixty-nine engines operated the machinery.
A 52-ton gun, with 1000-pound projects lea.
A cook stove 25 feet high, 35 feet long,
20 feet wide.
A PASTOR'S EXPERIENCE.     -��� Australian cable.
It Ought to Be-
She was wary and wily
And kissed him quite slyly,
Then laughed in a murmur of glee;
And they say the velocity
Of hia reciprocity
Was really refreshing to see.
Climatic Influence on Health.  ���
It cannot be donied that the influence of
climate upon health in great, and it is in
recognition of this faot tint physicians send
patients suffering with pulmonary diseases
to .great distances for "change of air."
But when the sufferer happens to be too
poor toaot upon the advice his lot is haid
indeed. But it is not necessarily hopeleat-.
Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery can
be had at any medicine store, and to it
thousands whoso oases were considered
desperate owe their Uvea.
Up to a certain point in the progress of
Consumption, Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical
Discovery is a positive remedy. But delay
is dangerous with Consumption, In all the
conditions that lead to it, the " Discovery "
is the remedy. With severe lingering
Coughs or Weak Lungs, nothing note so
promptly. Every disease that can be
reached through the blood yields to this
medicine, Tho Scrofulous afleotions of the
lungs (hat's called Consumption is one of
them. For this, nnd for every other form
of Scrofula, for all blood-taints and disorders, and all chronic Bronchial, Throat,
and Lung affections, the " Discovery " is
the only remedy so certain that it can be
guaranteed. If it ever fails to benefit or
cure, you have your money book.
Can anything else be "just as good " for
you to buy ?
Don't you believe it.
The fieal Thing-
She���" Do you think he is a real nobl e
man ?"
He���"He must be;   he   isn't   an ideal
Mother���"Hasn't your husband   always
treated you gently T"
Daughter���"Yea, negligently."
The Troubles ofa Canadian Clergyman.
Attached Wilh a Disease Vskaswi lo
Physlcls-M-He had Almost Siren np
�����pe When Ihe Hand ef Keller was
rstrelched oat ������ hint.
Rev. S, J. Cummiugs, the pastor of the
First Baptist church of Delevan, New York,
has had an experience that makes him one
of the moat talked of men in Cattaraugus
county. To a reporter of the Buffalo News
who called upon him, Mr. Cummings made
the following statement, whioh he put in
the form of an affidavit:
"I am now feeling.so well that I am
entering on a series of special meetings,
and am returning to work with all my old
time vigor.' I was prostrated in June lait
and was treated by three physicians, one
near this place and two in the oity of Buffalo, but leceived no benefit or encouragement from them. They all were of the
opinion that I would have to resign my
fastorato and quit preaching. Nevertheless
now feel entirely recovered.
" I oannot give you the name of my
disorder. It baffled the physicians, and
ihsy oould not agree as to the nature of the
trouble. After the slightest exposure, as in
the damp of the morning, or after the dew
fell in the evening, my limbs would swell
and become discolored and my body would
be racked in pain. These attacks would
lost three or four hours, but they would
usually leave me helpless for at least a day
after the acute pain had passed. At night
I Was unable lo sleep. The strain upon n.y
nervous system was tremendous. I bee ��� me
so prostrated aa to be unable to take emr*
ciae. I oould do scarcely any work in my
study, and frequently oould not preach io
my people. Sometimes for a week tho
muscles of my arms would be so affectod
that I could not write a letter or pen a
"On therecommendationofthephysioians
nho examined me, my church granted me a
vacation for a month, and I went to my old
home at OakwooJ, Ont., north of Toronto,
for a reat. On reaching home my father
urged me to try Dr. Williams' Piuk Pills.
I protested on the plea of having taken so
many medioines that I had lost all faith in
them. But he bad heard of their efficacy
and Insisted on my giving them a trial. He
brought me two boxes and I commenced
to take them. I aoon found my health
improving so rapidly that I returned to
my home and family at this place. Some
of my friends insisted that the benefit
was only temporary, that I would soon
have a relapse and be worse than before,
hut I have continued to take them and
now feel like a new man. Tbe sudden at*
taoks of pain whioh formerly prostrated
me on my oed do not recur, and I have exposed myself many times in a way that
would have formerly brought them on.
"In my family I have found them very
beneficial. My wife finds them more helpful to her than anything aho has ever
taken. I have spent hundreds of dollars in
doctors' remedies and patent medioines, but
nil to no avail until I tried Pink Pills.
"S. J. Cl-MMIMJS."
Subscribed and sworn to before me this
16th day of September, 1803.
John Hunt, Notary Public.
Druggists everywhere bear witness to the
firm hold this wonderful Canadian medicine has taken upon the public, and to the
vast good it haa accomplished in relieving
suffering, and thousands of grateful people
like Rev, Mr. Cummings, cheerfully testify
to the benefits derived from Us use, often
after skilled physicians had absolutely failed
to help them. If you are ailing out prejudice aside and give this marvel of modern
medical acienco a fair trial. An analysis
of Dr. Williams' Pink Pilla show that they
contain in a condensed form all the
elements necessary to give new life and
richness to the blood and restore shattered nerves. They are an unfailing specific for such diseases as locomotor ataxia,
partial paralysis, St, Vitus' dance, sciatica,
neuralgia, rheumatUm, nervous headache,
the after effects of la grippe, palpitation of
the heart, that tired feeling resulting from
nervous prostration; all diseases depending upon vitiated humor** in the blood,
suoh as scrofula, chronic erysipelas, etc.
They are also a specific for troubles peon-
liar to females, suoh aa suppressions, irregularities and all forms of weakness. They
build up the blood and restore tha glow
of health to pale and sallow cheeks. In
men they effect a radical cure iu all
cases arising from mental worry, overwork or excesses of whatever nature. There
are no ill effects following the uso of this
wonderful medicine, and it can be given to
children with perfect safety.
Theae Pills are manufactured by the Dr.
Williams' Medicine Company, Brockville,
Ont,, and Schenectady, N. V., and are sold
only in boxes bearing the firm's trade mark
and wrapper, at 50 oenta a box or six boxes
for$2.50, and are never sold in bnlk. There
are numerous other so-called blood builders
agaimt which the public are cautioned. If
your dealer does not keep Dr. Williams'
Pink Pills they will be sent post-paid on
receipt of above price.
���   I. iB* ���    ��� -
A Pennsylvania Lady Makes Two Desperate Attempts (��� Csmhii Bnlelde.
A mysterious oase, and a desperate on
at that, of attempted suicide was made a
Niagara Falls recently. A middle-aged
woman, nicely dressed, was observed
watching the tracks at the New York Central station, and when a train oame dashing around the anrve threw herself on the
track, The engineer saw the act in time to
stop his engine, and the woman was removed from the track. It was learned that ahe
was BtoppingattheFalla houae and the proprietor wai notified, The next beard of the
woman she was flying along near the state
reservation towards the rapids. Reservation Officer Anthony jumped in acarriege and
pursued the woman. He caught her before
ahe reached tbe bank and succeeded in
placing her in the carriage. While he was
getting in the other side ahe escaped again,
and, ruihlng down the bank, was on the
Kint of jumping Into the boiling rapids and
ing hurled down over the falls when An*
thony caught her dress and secured her.
She was forcibly taken In the carriage back
to the hotel. She refused to give her
oame, but told Proprietor Whiting to telegraph to Charles Boyden, of Orwigsburg,
Pa., her husband, to which address a despatch was sent. Tbe lady when taken to
the hotel kept moaning, and staling that
she was sorry that ahe did uot kill herself
on Sunday. She said she was brooding over
Blow Pay.
Dreighooda������" Does young Bloode have
an account running with you I"
Haberdashers���" Not exactly. He has
an account walking with me, though."
Alma Ladies' Uolleje,
This College has one of the most successful Conservatories of Music on the Continent in which thorough (instruction Is given
in Piano, Violin, Organ and other instruments, Harmony,, Sight Singing, &c. The
ohlef teachers have been trained in the
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choral classes, publio concerts and all similar advantages to muslo students,
One of the most popular schools of the
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I Advicos From Mr- Bowell and Mr- flera-
I -UK-
Detailed Calcalat Ions as to the Cost ��f the
Wark a��il How tht* Nnlxlilles Ceald Be
By the recent Australian mail, Mr. Par-
melee, Deputy Minister of Trade and commerce at Ottawa, received advicea of the
progress made in Australia hy Hon. Mr.
Bowell and Mr. Sandford Fleming in the
matter of inter-colonial co-opera'-iou in the
proposed Pacific cable. Mr. Fleming enters
into detailed calculations of the cost of the
cahle, tlm proposed routes, apeoifying four
in number, the manner in whioh aeaistance
can be given and the revenue likely to bo
derived. Tho estimated cost of the cable
by the longest route Is t'l.H'J.'i.lKtO and
by the shortest route fl.SSO.OoO sterling. Mr. Fleming manfully grapples with
the difficulty involved in tho engagements
of several of the coloniea to subsidize the
eastern extension company. Aa is generally known, tho five colonies of New South
Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Western
Australia and Tasmania are under an obligation to pay to th.it company an annual
subsidy of ��.32,400 till May, 1809, and this
fact haa always been treated as an obstacle
to their entering into engagements in connection with a rival a -Mo aorvlce. Mr.
Fleming's proposal in that in tho capital
sum to be raised for the new cable there
should be included a sum of ��145,000 to
purchase an annuity of ��.1*2,400 to pay thia
subsidy during the fivo years remaining
unexpired from May of next year. This
w mid not only free the colonies from ob-
l*-ation, hut would bring in Queensland,
Vow Zealand,Fiji and {'anada to share pro-
I lata in any new obligations undertaken.
Mr. Fleming shows from calculations that
these obligations arc nocossarily far less
than the subsidies already boing paid by
these five colonies, with tho recent assistance of New Zealand, to the existing cable
service. Briefly put, the five contracting
colonies included in the receut guarantee
for the reduction of the tariff havo
paid in each of tho p.wt two years ��52,359,
or something in exooss of tho interest
required on the capital ooat of new cable.
Aa by tho new arrangement the coat would
uo divided among all the colonios, the
tho incidence of tho burthen would bo greatly reduced. Mr. Fleming calculates that
in tha fourth year after tho cable is com
pie ted there would be a small surplus of
revenue over expenituro, interest, etc.,
and at the end of 10 years there would be
an accumulated surplus ot over ��250,000,
after meeting interest oncost and overy
other ohargo.
He Envies the Czar-
Grocer���"Mr, Slowpay, do  you know
why the Czar of Russia would mako a success in the grocery business ?"
Mr. Slowpay*-" I don't think I do,"
Grocer���" Well, it's because he doesn't
trust anybody."
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To think that you must
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Conundrum Day*
Tailor���"Say, when |aro you going to
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Beinlts Tell.
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The man who lots his hat vesting machine
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the government for his lack of sucuoftt*.
IP      TpE-M0J,T
Indeed ll he whole blood Is poor,
who hat lost his appetite and his
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I had beet.
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me it was chronic.    .
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Mr. MeHeury, for whom I worlcef
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Wesleyan Ladies' College
(tonmini IHtHU
It is tho Faculty that mako.-i tho College.   Kvory toachor In iho " Wesloyan " is an honor**
frnduuto of a University or College,   Tho Faculty contains honor urndui.tos of the Toroolqr
'niviTKiLy, of Victoria, of Queen's, of Trinity, of Alhorl, nnd or Hamilton, all giving full timfl
to tho (Jolloire.   Jjidic-i desiring the moat scholarly instruction In Literature, Etofonoo* Mind
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IVH.-Koxtt-jrmeoxks November in. A. BURNS, A.T.D., LL.D. 1
"   SOAR
'SHURE mam
CHAPTER IX.���(Continubd.)
"If you do that again," cried Yates
elutohin-? him by the throat, ������ I'll choke
But he did not need to do it again. The
girl heard the ory, turned with a frighten-
ed look, and was about to fly into the house,
when she recognized the two. Then she
cam * towards them. Yates took his hand
away from the constable's throat.
'- Whero is your father or brother!" demanded the onuBtable.
-��� 1 don't know."
" Where is your mother Y'
" She is over with Mrs. Howard who is
���' Are you all alone ?"
" Yes."
11 Then I command you in the name of
the Queen to give no assistance to this
prisoner, but to do as I tell you,"
" And I command you in the namo of
the President," cried Yates, " to keep your
mouth shut and not to address a ladylike
that.���Kitty," he continued, in a milder
tone, could you tell me where to get a file,
so that I may cut these wrist-ornaments ?
Don't you get it. You are to do nothing.
Just indicate whore the file is, Tho law
mustn't have any hold on you, as It seems
to have on me."
" Why don't you make him unlock
them T" asked Kitty.
" Because the villain threw away the key
in the fields."
" He couldn't have done that."
The lonstablo caught his breath.
11 But ho did.   I saw."
M And I saw him u.ilnck them at break,
fast. The key was on the end of hli watch-
chain.   He hasn't thrown that away."
She made a move to take out his watch-
chain, but Yates stopped her :
" Don't touch him. I'm playing a lone
hand here." He jerked out the chain, and
the real key dangled from it.
" Well, Stoliker," he said, '��� I don't
know which to admire most, your cleverness and luck, stupidity, or Miss Bart-
lett's aouteness of observation.-���Can we
get Into tho barn, Kitty 1"
"Yes, but you musnt hurt him,"
" No fear, I think too muoh of him.
Don't you como in. I'll be out in a moment, like the medium from a spiritualistic
dark cabinet."
Entering tho barn, Yates forced the eon*
stable up against the square oaken post
whioh was part of tho framework of the
building, aud which formed one side of the
perpendicular ladder that led to the top of
the hay-mow.
"Now, Stoliker," he said, solemnly,
" you realize, of course, that I don't want
to hurt you,yet you also realize that I must
hurt you if you attempt any tricks. I can't
take any risks ; please remember that; and
recollect that by thn > inn you are free again
I shall bo in tho State of New York. So
don't compel mo tu smash your head against
this post. Ho, with some trouble, unlocked the clasp on hia own wrist; then, drawing Stoliker's right hand around the post,
he snapped the samo clasp on tho constable's
hitherto free wrist. The unfortunate man,
with his oheek against the oak, was in the
comical position of lovingly embracing the
"I'll got you a chair from the kitchen,
no that you will bo more comfortable,���
unless, like Samson, you can pull down
the supports. Then I must bid you good-
Yatos went out to thc girl, who was wait-
ng for him.
" i want to borrow a kitchen chair, Kitty," he said, "so that poor Stoliker will
oot a rest."
They walked towards tho house.    Yates
noticed that the firing hnd ceased, except
desultory shot hore and thore across tho
" I shall havo to get over tho border as
quickly as I can," ho continued. " This
country is gotting too hot for me,"
" You are much safer hero," said the girl,
with downcast eyes. "A man has brought
ho news that tho United States gunboats
re sailing up and down the river, making
prisoners of all who attempt to cross from
this side."
" You don't say 1 Well, I might have
ko.->wn that. Then what am I to do with
Stoliker? I can't keep him tied up here.
Yet the moment ho gets loose I'm done
" Perhaps mother could persuade him not
to do anything more.   Shall I go for her!"
" I don't think it would be any use. Stoliker's a stubborn animal. Ilo has suffered
too much at my hands to be in a forgiving
mood. We'll bring him a chair, anyhow,
and see the eflect of kindness on him."
When the chair was placed at Stoliker's
disposal, he sat down upon it, still hugging
the post wilh an enforced fervency that fn
spite of the solemnity of the occasion nearly made Kitty laugh, and lit up her eyes
with tho mischiovousness that had always
delighted Yates.
"How long am I to be kept here 1" asked
the constable.
"Oh, not long," answered Yates, cheerily ; " nol a moment longer than is necessary. I'll telegraph whon I'm safe in New
York State; so you won't be here more than
a day or two."
This assuranca did not appear to bring
much comfort to Stoliker.
" Look here," he said, "I guess I know
as well as the next man when I'm beaten,
I have been thinking all thiB ovor. I am
under the sheriffs orders, and not under
the orders of that officer. I don't believe
you've done anything anyhow, or you
wouldn't havo acted quite the way you did.
If the sheriff had sent mo it would have
been different. As it ia, if you unlock those
cuds I'll givo you my word I'll do nothing
more unless I'm ordered to. Like as not
they've forgotten all about you by this
time; and there's nothing on record, any*
"Do you mean it? Will you act
square ?"
"Certainly I'll act square, I don't suppose you doubt that. I didn't ask favors
boforo, and I did what I could to hold
41 Enough Baid," cried Yates. " I'll risk
Stoliker stretched Ids arm? wearily above
his head when hu was released.
"I wonder," he Baid, now that Kitty
waa gono, "if there is anything to oat in the
house ?"
" Shako 1" cried Yates, holding out his
hand to him. " Another great and mutual
sentlmont unites us, Stoliker. Let us go
and see."
The man who wanted to seo the fight did
not seo it, and the man who did not Want
to soo it saw it. Yates arrived ou the field
of conflict whon all was over ; Kenmark
found the battle raging around him before
he realized that things hud reached a crisis.
The result of the struggle was similar in
effect to an American railway aooident of
the first class. Uno officer and fivo privates
Wero killed on tho Canadian' sido, one man
Was missing, and many weru wounded. The
number of the Fenians killed will probably
never bo known. Several were buried on
the field of battle, others were ttken back
by O'Neill's brigade when they retreated.
Although the engagement resulted as
Yates had predicted, yet ho was wrong in
his estimate of thu Can ad in.is. Volunteers
are invariably underrated by men ol experience in military nutters, The boys fought
well, even when thoy saw thuir ensign fall
dead before them. If tho affair haa been
left entirely in their hands the result might
have be&n diilereiit. as was shown alter*
wards, whon the volunteers, unimpeded
by regulars, quickly put down a much moro
formidable rising iu tho Northwest. But
in the present case they wore hampered by
their dependoiicj on tbo British troops,
whose commander moved thorn with all the
ponderous slownes** of real war and approached O'Neill as if he had been approach
ing Napoleon. He thua managed to got In
a day after the fair on every occasion, being
too late for the fight at Ridgeway and too
lato to capture any considerable number of
the dying Fenians at Fort Erie. The cam*
paign on the Canadian side was magnificently planned and wretchedly carried ovt.
The volunteers and regulars were to meet
, at a point close to where the fight took
i place, but the British commander delayed
two houra In starting, whioh fact the Cane-
Idian colonel did not learn until too lata.
These blunders culminated in a ghastly
mistake on the field. The Canadian colonel
: ordered his men to oharge aoross an open
' field and attack the Fenian force in tha
! woods,���a brilliant but foolish move. To
the command the volunteers gallantly responded, butagainat stupidity tbe gods are
powerless. In tha field they were appalled
to hear the order given to form square and
receive cavalry. Even the school-boys
knew tho Fenians could have no cavalry.
Having formed their square, the Canadians found themselves the helpless targets
of the Fenians in the woods. If O'Neill's
forces had shot with reasonable precision,
thoy must have cut the volunteers to
pieces. The volunteers were victorolus if
they had only known it, but, in this hope
less square, panic seized them, and it was
every man for himself ; and at the same
time the Fenians wero also retreating as fast
as they could. This fame is known as the
battle of Ridgeway, and would have been
comical had it not been that death hovered
over it. The oomedy without tho tragedy
was enacted a day or two before, at a blood*
less skirmish which took place near a hamlet called Waterloo, which (affray Is dignified in Canadian annals as theieoond battle
of that name.
When Yates reached the tent he found it
empty and torn by bullets. The fortunes
of war had smashed the jug, and the
fragments were strewn in front of
the entrance, probably by aome disappointed man who had tried to sample
the oontents and had found nothing. Yatea
was tired out, He flung himself down on
one of the deserted bunks, and was soon
sleeping almost aa soundly as the man be*
hlnu a log not six feet away with his face
among the dead leaves.
When the Canadian foreea retreated,
Renmark, who had watched tha contest
with all the helpless anxiety of a non-com*
batant, sharing the danger but having uo
influence upon the result, followed them,
making a wide detour ao as to avoid the
chance shots whioh were still flying. He
expected to oome up with the volunteera
on the road, but waa not successful.
Through various miscalculations, he did not
succeed io finding them until towards evening. At first they told him that young
Howard waa with the company and unhurt,
but further inquiry aoon developed the faot
that he had not beon seen since the fight.
He was not among those who were killed or
wounded, and it wae nightfall before Ren*
mark realized that opposite hla name on
the roll would be placed the ominous
word "missing." Renmark remembered
that the biy had said he would visit his
home if he got leave - but no leave had been
asked for. At last Renmark was convinced
that young Howard was either badly
wounded or dead. The possibility of hia
desertion the professor did not consider for
a moment, although he admitted to himself
that it was hard to tell what panic of fear
might come over a boy wbo for the first
time in his life found bullets flying above
his ears.
With a heavy heart, Renmark turned
back and made his way to the fatal field.
He found nothing on the Canadian side.
Uomg over to tho woods, he came across
several bodies lying where they fell; but
they were all strangers. Even in the
darkness he would have had no difficulty in recognizing the volunteer uniform
which he know so well. He walked down
to the Howard homestead, hoping yet fear*
ing to hear the boy's voice,���the voico of a
deserter. Everything was silent about the
house, although a light shoue through an
Siper window and also through one below.
o paused at the gate, not knowing what
to do. It was evident the boy was not here,
yet how to find the father or brother
without alarming Margaret or her mother puzzled him. As he stood there, the
door opened, and he recognized Mra. Bartlett
and Margaret standing in the light. He
moved away from the gate, and heard the
older woman say,���
" Oh, she will be all right in the morning,
uow that she has fallen into a nice sleep. I
wouldn't disturb her to-night, if I were you.
It is nothing but nervousness and fright at
tha*, horrible firing. It'a all over now,
thank God.   Good-night, Margaret."
The good woman oama through the gate,
and then ran with all the speed of sixteen
towards her own home. Margaret stood in
the doorway, listening to the retreating,
footsteps. She was pale and anxious, but
Renmark thought he had never seen anyone
so lovely, and he was startled to find that he
had a most un-professor-like longing to
take her in his arms and comfort her, a feeling which had never assailed him in the dim
educational eorridorsofthestately university
building. Instead of bringing her consolation, he feared it would be his fate to add
to her anxiety; aud it was not until he aaw
that she was about to olose the door that he
found courage to speak.
" Margaret," he said.
The girl had never heard her name pronounced in that tone before, and the
cadence of it went direct to her heart,
frightening her with an unknown joy. She
seemed unable to move or respond," and
stood there with wide eyea and suspended
breath, gazing Into the darkness. Renmark stopped Into the light, and she aaw
his faoe was haggard with fatigue and
" Margaret," he said again, " 1 want to
speak with you a moment. Where ie yonr
brother ?"
" He lias gone with Mr. Bartlett to see If
ho can find the horaea. There Is something
wrong," ahe continued, stepping down lie*
side him, "I can see it in your face.
What is it?"
" It your father in the houae ?"
" Yes, but he is worried about mother.
Tell me what It is.   It le better to tall
Renmark hesitated.
"Don't keep me in auspensollke this,"
cried tho girl, In a low but Intense voice.
" You have aaid too muoh or too little. Haa
anything happened to Henry ?"
" No, It is about Arthur I wanted to
speak.   You will not be alarmed?"
" I am alarmed. Tell me quickly." And
the girl In her excitement laid her bands
imploringly on his.
" Arthur joined the volunteers In ioronto
some time ago.   Did you know that ?"
"He never told me. I understand���I
think so, hut I hope not. He waa In the
battle to-day.   Ik he���has he been���hurt ?"
" I don't know. I am afraid so," said
Renmark, hurriedly, now that the truth had
to como out, and he realized by the nervous tightening of the girl's unconscious
grasp how clumsily he waa telling it. " He
was with the volunteera this morning. He
is not with them now. They don't know
where he Is, No one saw him hurt, but it
is feared he was, and that he has been left
behind.   I have been all over the ground.1
" Yes, yes,"
" But I could not find him. I came here
hoping to find him."
" Take me to where tho volunteers were,"
she sobbed. " I know what has happened.
Come quickly."
" Will you not put something on your
head ?"
"No.no. Come at once." Then, pausing, sho said, "Shall we need a lantern ?"
" No ; It is light enough when we get out
from the shadow of the house."
Margaret ran along the road so swiftly
that Kenmark had some trouble In keeping
pace with her. She turned at theaidu-road
and sped up the gentle ascent to tbe spot
where the volunteers had crossed it.
44 Here is the place," aaid Renmark.
*' He could not have been hit in the field,"
ahe cried, breathlessly, " for then he might
have reached the house at the corner withsut
climbing a fence. If he was bsdly hurt ho
would have been here. Did you search thin
"Every bit of it.   He ie not here."
11 Then it must havo happened after he
crossed tha road and the second fence. Did
you see the battle ?"
44 Did the Fenians cross the field after
the volunteers ?"
"No; they did not leave the woods."
44 Than if he waa struck it could not have
been far trom the other aide of the second
fence. He would be the last to retreat;
and that la why the others did not aee him,"
said the girl, with confident pride In her
brother's courage.
They crossed tbe first feuoe, the road.and
the second fence, tha girl walking ahead
for a few paces. She stopped and leaned
for a moment against a tree. "It must
have been about here," she said, in a voice
hardly audible. " Have you searched on
this side?"
������ Yes, for half a mile farther into the
fields and woods."
"No, no, not there, but down along the
fence. He knew every inch of this ground.
If he were wounded here, he would at onoe
try to reach our house. Search down along
the fence.   I���I oannot go."
Renmark walked along the fence, peering
into the dark corners made by the zigzag of
the rails, and he knew, without looking
back, that Margaret with feminine inconsistency was following him. Suddenly she
darted past him aud flung herself down In
the long grass, wailing out a ory that cut
Renmark like a knife.
The boy lay with his faoe in the grass and
hia outstretched hand grasping the lower
rail of the fence. He had dragged himself
this far and reaohed an insurmountable
Renmark drew the weeping girl gently
away, and rapidly rtn his hand over the
prostrate lad. He quickly opened his tunic,
and a thrill of joy paaeed over him as he
felt the faint beating of the heart.
41 He Is alive," he cried. " He will get
well, Margaret." This statement, however, waa a somewhat prematura one to
make on so hasty an examination.
He rose, expecting a look of gratitude
from tha girl ho loved. He was amazed to
aee her eyas almost luminous in the dark*
ness, blazing with wrath.
44 When did you know he waa with the
14 This morning,���early," said the pio-
fesBor, taken aback.
Why didn't you tell ma ?"
He asked me not to."
He is a mere boy. You are a man, and
ought to have a man's sense. You had no
rignt to mind what a boy said. It was my
right to know and your duty to tell me.
Through your negligence and stupidity my
brother has lain here all day,���perhaps
dying," ahe added, with a break in her
angry voice.
If you had known���I didn't know any*
thing waa wrong until I saw the volunteers,
I have not loat a moment since."
" I should have known he wu missing,
without going to the volunteers."
Renmark waa ao amazed at the unjust
accusation from a girl whom he had made
the mistake of believing to be without a
temper of her own that he knew not
what to aay. He was, however, to have
one more example of inconsistency.
"Why do you stand there doing nothing,
now that I have found him ?" she demanded.
It was on hia tongne to say, " I stand
here because you atand there unjustly quarrelling with me," but he did not say it,
Renmark was not a ready man, yet he did,
for once, the right thing.
44 Margaret, he aaid, sternly, " throw
down that fence."
This curt command, delivered in hla moat
schoolmastery manner, was instantly obeyed. Such a task may seem a formidable
oue to Bet to a young woman, but it is a
feat easily accomplished in some parts of
America. A rail fence lenda itself readily
to demolition. Margaret tossed a rail to
the right, one to the left, and one to
the right again, until an open gap took the
J-lace of that part of the fence, The pro-
essor examined tho young soldier In the
mean time, and found his leg had been
broken by a musket-ball. He raised him
up tenderly in his arms, and was pleased to
hear a groan escape his lips. He walked
through the open gap and along the road
towards the house, beating the unconscious
form of his pupil, Margaret silently kept
close to his side, her fingers every now and
then unconsciously caressing the damp curly looks of her brother.
" Wa ahall have to have a doctor?" Her
aaaertion was half an inquiry.
" Certainly."
We mnst not disturb any one in the
house.    It is better that I ahould tell yon
what to do now, ao that wa need not talk
when we reach there."
We cannot help disturbing some one."
I do not think it will be necessary. If
you will stay with Arthur I will go for the
doctor, and no one need khow,"
I will go for tha dootor."
You do not know the way. It ie five
or six miles. I will ride Gypsy, and will
aoon ba back."
But there are prowlers and stragglers
all along the roads. It is not safe for you
to go alone."
44 It is perfeotly aife. No horse that tbe
stragglers have stolen can overtake Gypsy.
Now, don't say anything more. It ia best
that I ahould go, 1 will run on ahead and
enter the house quietly. I will take the
lamp to the room at the aide, where the
window opens to the floor. Carry hl-n
around there. I will be waiting for you at
tbe gate, and will show you the way."
With that the girl waa off, and Renmark
carried hla burden alone. She waa waiting
for him at the gate, and silently led the
way around the house to where the door
dow opened upon the bit of lawn under
apple-tree. The light streamed out
upon the grass. He placed the boy gently
upon the dainty bed. It needed no second
glance to tell Renmark whose room he was
in. It was decorated with those pretty
tittle knick-knacks that are dear to the
heart of a girl in * snuggery which she oan
call her own.
44 It la not likely that you will be disturbed here," ahe whispered, "until I come
back. I will tap at the window wheu I
oome with the doctor."
Don't you think It would be better and
safer for me to go? I don'tliko the thought
of you going alone."
" No, no. Please do just what I tell
you to. You do not know tbe way. 1
shall be very muoh quicker. If Arthur
should���should���wake, he will know you,
aud will not be alarmed, as he might be if
you were a stranger."
Margaret waa gone beforo lie eould say
anything more, and Renmark eat down,
devoutly hoping that no one would rap
at the door of the room while be wm there,
A Ohineie Legend*
There Is a strange legend concerning tho
tea plant. According to the story, there
once lived a very pious hermit who passed
the greater part of his time In prayer and
vigils. He was, however, unable to keep
awake as long as he wished, and often found
his eyea closing while he was In the midst
of his devotions. This naturally annoyed
him, and one day in a fit of wrath against
this weakness of the flesh, which ha seemed
unable to overcome, he ont off the offending
eyelida and oast them on tbe ground. But
his action had been observed by a god, who
Immediately caused a tea shrub to spring
up from the spot where the eyelids had
fallen. It Is in reference to this, according
to the legend, that the leaves of tho tea
Inlant are shaped like eyelids, fringed with
ashes, and possess the power of warding
off sleep.
It Ib not knowledge, but little knowledge,
that puffeth up.
New Uses Found For the White Metal of
the Future*
IIU Driving Ml ver Oat of Ihe Arte U aawe
Extent-Kitchen Vleaslls and a Thoa-
snnd Otker Thing*. Made aril -Vast De-
poults or the Ore.
There Is big news to be told about alumi-
im. It is now on the market at 65u a
pound, and a thousand fresh uses for it have
been discovered. Already it haa driven
silver out of the arts to some extent. It
has almost superseded the latter metal as
foil for " gilt" work, because it ie quite aa
beautiful and can be beaten Into leaf nearly
as thin as gold-leaf. The production of it
has surpassed that of nickel and will soon
exceed that of copper and lead. In faot,
aluminum Is destined soon to take the plaoe
of lead and oopper to a large degree, as
well aa that of iron when it becomes cheap
enough. Economical processes for its reduction atone are needed. There is more
of it in the world than thero ie ot iron. It
forms 7 per cant, of the material of the
earth's crust Every clay bank is a mine
of it, and nearly all rocks aro literally ore-
beds of it At present, it is comparatively
dear because no method hu aa yet been
discovered for obtaining it at low cost from
u clays. The minerals from whioh
It is now derived are comparatively rare.
The States produced 83 pounds of aluminum In 1883. In 1892 the output of the
United States wu 360,000 pounds. Last
year one concern in Germany, at the falls
of the Rhine, turned out 720,000 pounds of
it. The domestic production is to be largely increased by works at Niagara Falls,
which will utilize tho power of the Niagara
Tunnel. Up to January 1, 1893, the total
world's output of the metal has been only
about 1000 tons. But it is not long since
aluminum was regarded only as a curious
experimental creation of the laboratory,
Ita history is all before It
Slate-pencils are among the novelties
made of it
The soft aluminum wire, with sharpened
point, works admirably upon school slates.
Such pencil*! aro much more durable than
the old-fashionod kind, suffering less wear
and tear. Shoes of this metal are now employed for race horses. Not only do they
possess the advantage of lightness, but they
are said to preserve the feet of the animals
remarkably. Racing shells are formed of
single sheets of aluminum, one-ninoteeth of
an inch thick, weighing leas than cedar.
One such boat, for four oarsmen, lowered
the mile record nine seconds last summer.
Aluminum Is beginning to be utilized for
roofing, In sheets like tin, the cost of it for
that purpose being about the samo as oopper. It may be rolled down to a thickness
of about 5*10,000ths of an inch. The
beaten "leaf' is now employed to a con.
sfderable extent in decoration. It is thus
used in leading hotels of New York and
other cities. All the ornamental work of
the Transportation buildlngat the World's
Columbian Exposition was on a base of
thin aluminum foil. The metal "takes"
oil-colors well, and sheets ani plaques of It
are being manufactured in great quantities
for artiste.
One of the most important of future uses
of aluminum ia for kitchen utensils. The
heavy iron pot, which the cook can scarcely lift off the fire, will be superseded by a
vessel of the white metal that, while equal
in capacity and strength, may be raised
with a finger. This new material, remember, is as light as ohalk. At the samo time
it is so strong that any kind of hollowware
formed of It may be knocked about to any
extent and bent into all sorts of shapes
without breaking. An aluminum pot costs
no more than a copper one, and, unlike the
latter, it doea not have to be lined with
tin for oulinery employment, because it
does not corrode. For tea-kettles, coffeepots, and covered dishes Intended to retain
heat, it serves admirably.
Various accoutrements for German and
French soldiers are uow made of aluminum
���auoh as breastplates, helmets, belts and
buokles. From the military point of view
in theae daya it la of the utmost importance
to save every possible ounce of weight
in equipment in order that the fighting man
may carry the maximum quantity of ammunition. Even cartridge shells aro being
turned out in the same metal. The latter
aro drawn down to the finest sizes of wire.
The addition of a small percentage of It to
type metal makes the type far more durable. The remarkable development of the
last few years in the quality of steel castings is due to an admixture of aluminum,
which renders the steel more fluid. Even
ordinary stoves now contain somewhat of
the same ingredient
A new and beautiful alloy is produced by
mixing twenty-two parte of aluminum with
seventy-eight parts of gold, the result being
a rloh ruby tint The white metal is also
plated with gold, silver and nickel. It is
employed in making the finest kind of art
castings, engraved, chased, and repousse
work being brought out with aa much perfection of detail aud finish as is exhibited
by electrotypes. Tbe concern referred to
turns out thousands of medallions and
groups of human figures and animals in bas-
relief, using molds of sand and plaster-of
paris, Theae articles may be thrown
across the room and will not break, as
would iron castings similarly treated.
They look like silver.
Sounding-boards and stringed instruments
of various Kinds are now being made ol
aluminum, whioh is elastic and capable of
vibrations through a wide range of tone
pitch. The material has the great advantage
of being proof against moisture, and it will
not. split under anv circumstances. Ever
since the new metal becamo available at a
moderate prioe it has been utilized by ex*
perlmentors in flying machines. Before long
it will be extensively used for bridges,
because it ii so light and strong. Other
uses to which it is being put an for propellers for ships, valves for air-brakes,
opera glasses, picture frames, oigar cases
medals, vases, salvers, watches, bicycles,
brushes and combs, and forks and spoons.
For these table utensils it has the disadvantage that a slight coating of its own
oxide always gives it a greasy feel so that
it is never likely lo supersede silver In this
Aluminum has a number of wonderful
properties. Most striking among these is
its lightness. Ten cubic inches of it weighs
leas than a pound. Iron Is nearly four time
hoavy, gold nearly eight times. It la
not acted upon by organic accretions. Hence
it is moat serviceable for surgical instruments, for wire to sew up wounds, etc. It
is almost absolutely proof against sea water,
and In that respect is much better than copper for sheathing the bottom of vessels.
Unfortunately, those pernicious mollusks,
barnacles, seem to thrive on it, as they do
on steel. Butan aluminum bronze, made
by mixing a small percentage of the white
metal with copper, is free from this objection and serves admirably for the purpose,
Atuminum is only exceeded in malleability by gold and silver, Iu point of ductility It is seventh among the metals, ranking
after copper in that respect It is equal
to silver in taking and retaining a very high
Eolish.   Fine effects are produced by first
urnishing and thon stamping it, so as to
show| unpolished figures in relief.
It is absolutely non-magnetic, and for
this reason ia largely employed for electrical appliances. A small percentage of silver
mixed with it hardens and strengthens it,
making it most suitable for many kinds oil
engineering and other scientific apparatus.
The demand for it in astronomical and
other instruments of physical science is
It is a remarkably good conductor of heat
and of electricity. On the latter account
it waa selected as the material of the
pyramidal oap whioh now forms the apex of
tho Washington monument,   This oap ex
cited great Interest in 1885, when it was
put on, the metal being at that time worth
88 a pound. The monumenthaa been struck
by lightning several times, but the dangerous fluid has been carried from the aluminum cap down tbe lightning rod ,Vi0 feet
into the ground. Perhaps if it had not
been for the safeguard thus provided the
huge obelisk might even now lie in ruins,
Aluminum was first isolated in 1H*27 by
J \Volder, who had previously discovered the
metals barium, magnesium and calcium,
obtaining them from alkaline earths by
means of electricity. Calolum is sold at
thia day for $300 an ounce, owing to the
difficulty of separating it from the elements
with whioh it is ordinarily fouud combined,
though It Is reckoned that the skeleton of a
man contains $18,000 worth of it That
some of the existing metals remain as yet
unknown is quite certain.
For a long time this white metal was
manufactured only in the laboratory of the
chemist for the sake of experiment Only
half a dozen years ago melancholy notices
were printed in the newspapers reporting
the death of " the only man who possessed
the secretof producing it in large quantities
on an economical basis." Nevertheless, it
can now be obtained in amounts practically
unlimited for 65c a pound. It is on the
market iu the form of ingots, plates, sheets,
bars, wires, castings, foils, oto. Its prop*
erty of strength without weight renders it
far more serviceable for mechanical pur*
poses in general than any other known sub*
stance. It can be dissolved out of any clay*
bank by the use of concontrated sulphuric
acid, but the process Is too costly. Sooner
or later a method will be found for producing it as cheaply aa Iron.
UcldeatB af Che Ureal Moras on lhe English least
A despatch from Milford to the London
rapera confirms the report of the steamer
Kilamey's captain that it was the National
line steamship Helvetia which he tried to
take In tow ten miles from Milford on
Saturday. The Helvetia's signals of dis*
tress wero answered eventually by the
Government tug Storm Cock, which took
her in tow and brought her to Milton!
Haven, There she now lies at anchor with
her 500 steerage passengers aboard. Chief
Officer Swanston, of the steamship Hampshire, which went down off Gunnard Head,
told this story ot the last part of the vessel's voyage:���" Wo ran before tlie gale for
thirty hours. Then as we saw the leak
was gaining we lowered two boats and
put away from the ship. The captain
commanded one and I commanded the
other. The captain's boat was swamped
and all hands went undor. My boat began
filling and wo had to jump overboard. I
saw nothing more of the others. I was
thrown ashore bruised, half stunned and
with three ribs broken. I managed, however, to climb the cliffs and get help,"
A crowd gathered at the dooks in
Liverpool Saturday night to await the
steamship Luca-ila, but she did not arrive
until Sunday morning. The last passengers left her at 2 o'clock thia afternoon.
Several of them were disabled. The
Lucania wu towed into the Mersey, which
is full of wreckage. Tho British steamer
Sagamore, which sailed from Boston on
November 7th, is In the Mersey. She is
badly battered. Her officers say that many
of her cattle died or had to be killed during
the storm. The vessel reported to have
been wrecked off Sand End, Banffshire, on
Friday night, was probably the steamer
Moray. She had a crew of fifteen, all of
whom aro supposed to have been loat. A
forty ton crane used in completing the
harbor at Tynemouth was blown down
Saturday night and the harbor works were
damaged to tha extent of ��10,000. A body
was oast up on the beach at Margate today. It was identified as being that of the
captain of the brlgantine Economy. The
British ship Garsdale, that some time ago
arrived at Hull from Taooma, is probably
lost She was being taken to the Tyne in
tow. When off Flamborough head, on the
North sea, the tow lines parted and the
Garsdale went adrift
A heavy snow fall Is reported in some
parts of the country. A train left Saffron*
Walden, in Essex, at 8 o'clock in the morning for Haverhill It got stuck in the snow
at Bartlow, and finding it impossible' to
proceed returned to Saffron-Walden. The
buow lies In drifts twelve feet deep on the
railroads. The 4,45 train from London for
Cambridge was snowed in yesterday morning near Royaton. One hundred men
worked all day in digging out the train.
Snow plougha had gone on in advance of
the train and they were inbedded in the
drifts. Towards night the track was sufficiently clear for the train to proceed. All
went well until Harston was reached where
the train stuck again. The passengers then
abandoned it Mrs. Eyre, a local carrier,
of Smalley, was found dead lo the snow
yesterday on the road to Derby, to which
place ahe had started lo walk Saturday.
Starved lo Death la Far-Off Labrador.
A Quebec special says :���A private letter
received here from Messrs, Low and Eaton,
ot the Geological Survey of Canada, who
left laat June via lake St John and Mis*
tassani for Ungava bay, near the extreme
northern limit of the Labrador peninsula,
conveys the startling intelligence that
some "200 Nasoapee and Montagnais Indians were starved to death laat winter
in Northern Labrador. It is not known
definitely how the letter came from Ungava bay. It was received at Lake St.
John by Mr. Cummins, who has sent ox-
tracts only from it to a friend in town.
It Is probable that it came via England,
however, and reached there by tho Hudson bay vessel that annually plies to Ungava bay and Hudson straits. The expedition headed by Mr. Low reached Ungava
at the end of August, aftor an exceedingly
perilous and dillloult journey through
the interior of Labrador, whioh lasted
about two months. They expected to
winter at Fort Chimo, situated on the
Koksoak river which flow* into Ungava
bay, but were compelled to push on to
Esquimaux bay in oonsequenco of a shortage of supplies at Fort Chimo. This is
attributed to tho distress in whioh tho
Indians were found lost winter, the officials
claiming to have distributed to such of them
as reaohed tho fort alive fully two years'
stock of the fort's provisions.
Next spring, in order to resumo their
explorations, Messrs. Low and Eaton will
have to retrace their steps to Ungava. The
destitution of last winter amongst the Indiana is due to the almost entiro failure of
the cariboo hunt last autumn. Usually at
the approach of winter theso animals oome
from the interior towards the coast in
enormous herds and hundreds are often
killed in a single day and their flesh frozen
for winter use. The Indians there have
scarcely anything else to look to for the
means of subsistence.
Kerr���"Well, the world's fair Is ovor at
lut" Biff-*'Yes, thank heaven l Now the
people who have been there will stop ad
vising those who have not to sell their possessions and go,"
The oldest person in Indiana is " Aunt
Baldy," who recently attained her 104th
birthday. She is an inmate of the Old
Ladies' Home, at Terra Haute.
A domestio squabble caused Bluford
Fleming, of Wabash County, III., to leave
his family twenty-three years ago. From
that time nothing was heard of him until
the other day, when his anger had cooled,
and he returned, but his wife refused to
see him.
A Parisian shop-lifter carried a bogus
baby with her during her predatory excursions. Thi infant had a wax face and a
hollow hr-her body. It was the thiol's
custom ; to dexterously transfer purloined
articles, such as gloves, laces, etc., to the
spaolouB baby, which usually gained muoh
in weight during these tittle excursions
A Hrhool Heon to lie Established fur Their
Higher Education.
The establishment at Reykjavik of a
school for the higher education of girls is
likely to be soon complete. A peculiar
interest is found in the work from the fact
that it indicates a total change iu social
aspects in that country, where the few existing educational institutions r-f ������ good
order have beeu provided exclusively for
men. The girls generally have had no
other education than that acquired at
home. They will be indebted in a cer-
tain degree to the World's Fair for so
unfair a course being interrupted since this
brought as the Icelandic delegate Mme*.
Sigridr Magnueson, who has been diligently nt work for the school, proposing to
devote to its benefit tlie proceeds from the
sale of private property of her own in the
form of a collection of northern antiquities.
The patrons of the school are His Majesty the King of Denmark, her Royal
Highness the Princess of Wales, her Royal
Highness the Duchess of Teck, the Dowager
Lady Stanley of Alderley, the Viscountess
Kmlyn, the Dowager Lady Churchill, the
Lady Kensington, the Hou. Emily Cathead, and others. A house has been built
for this school on a piece of ground given
to Mme, Magnusson for the purpose by her
The people have shown good ability tn
their industries, executed in the family
circle during the long Winter evenings, by
means of primitive spinning wheels and
hand looms, when, as is learned from Mnn*.
Magnusson, " the spinning is usually ao*
oompanied by the reading of the native
Saga or ancient history. Their knitted
work is much to be praised, as shown in
the exposition, as is also the vadmal, or
serge, in natural colors, cream, brown, and
gray, said to be invaluable for tennis, boat*
ing, and shooting costumes, because it is
waterproof and light. In discussing the
qualities ot some woolen gloves shown in
the exhibit of her nation, " the only glove
of the kind whioh Queen Victoria wears,"
this representative from Iceland inquired,
41 Do you think people would have tne patience to prepare the yarn with the three
threads as in these stockings and gloves���
thia honest work���in a country where
everybody rushes as if half mad?" Ibis
to be hoped that the Icelandic girls will
work no less honestly when moro highly
"The only education that children generally receive," as the delegate explains,
" is instruction in reading and in religious
knowledge, ThiB ia in most cases taught
by the mother. Hitherto it may be said
with perfect truth that the Icelandic
mother haa been tho universal schoolmistress. But for this purpose she must
receive an education adequate to the de*
mands of modern times, This is a want
which is very keenly felt by the women of
Iceland, and they are anxious to avail
themselves of every opportunity within
their reach to inform their minds. Intense
thirst for knowledge is manifested by
women all through the country."
During a residence of several years at
Cambridge, England, Mme. Magnusson has
found opportunities to aid the educational
advantages of her countrywomen,who have
now a promise of better means of education.
By the plan proposed tho girls will be enabled to live rent free, ana she thinks they
might also bring a part of their food���as
many students in the Scottish universities
have been in the habit of doing���in order to
save cost. The training will inelude technical education, as being of importance,
considering that the Icelandic women are
already famous for certain kinds of hand
work. The plan is to have some necessary
peculiarities in other ways, adapting it to a
country two-thirds larger than Ireland,with
a population of 70,000 scattered over its
inhabited portions, and where travel is so
difficult that a system of schools as in countries under different conditions is praot ically
Frightened to Death-
There are several well-authenticated caseB
where fright was the cause of death. An
English surgeon tells of a drummer In India
across whose legs a harmless lizard crawled
while he was half asleep. He waa sure that
a oobra had bitten him,and it was too much
for his nerves, and he died, Frederick I.
of Prussia was killed by fear. His wifo was
insane, and one day she escaped from hor
keeper.and dabbing her clothes with blood,
rushed upon her husband while he waa dozing in his chair. King Frederick imagined
her to be the white lady whose ghost was
believed to invariably appear whenever the
death of a member of the Royal family was
to occur and he was thrown iuto a fever and
died in six weeks. But perhaps the most
remarkable death from fear was that of the
Dutch painter, Pentman, who lived in the
seventeenth century. One day he went into
a room full of anatomical subjects to sketch
some death heads and skeletons'for a picture
he intended to paint The weather was
very sultry, and while sketching he fell
asleep. He was aroused by bones dancing
around him, and the skeletons, suspended
from the ceiling, clashed together. In a fit
ot horror he threw himself out of the window. Though ho sustained no serious injury
and was informed that a slight earthquake
has caused the commotion among the ghostly surroundings, he died in a few days of
nervous tremor.
An odorless onion is cultivated by
Chinese gardeners.
London has a "Bald-headed Club," to
which none but polished skulls are admitted.
A four-year-old boy in Cooper's Mills,
Me,, is a constant smoker, and his parents
are proud of hia ability in that lice,
A folding bod, which can be converted
into a sofa or a billiard table, is the latest
combination in the way of furniture,
A quail almost pure white was lately shot
near Atlanta, ua. The only part not
white was tho tip of the tail, and this was
of the usual hue.
Tho seventieth anniversary of thoir
wedding was recently celebrated by the
Rev. Benjamin Stevens and wife, of Hannibal, Mo.    Hia ago is .1,1, and hers  is sh.
A huge lobster, thirty-five inch-is in
length, was lately caught by Everett Smith,
at the edgo of the surf, In Patuhogue, N.
Y. One of its claws is twelve inches  long.
It is asserted that a water-wheel runs
faster at night than In tho day-time, because at night the Water iscoolerand there'
fore more dense than when warmed by the
George Jamison, of Bath, Me., had just
warned Michael Nolson to handle his gun
carefully when ha (Jamison) tripped
and fell, and received a death-wound from
the dischargeof his own gun.
M. Janet, a careful statistician,estimates
that the wealth of tho United .States is 870,
000,000,003 ; that of tho United Kingdom.
��5(1,0(10,1X1*1,000; that of France, 840,000,-
000,000 ; that of all Europe, $200,010,000,���
Told by Douglas Motion in an
English Paper.
We are now right in tht- Siwash country.
Siwash ia the name you apply to the male
Coast-Indians ; a womau U a Klootchman.
All down the valley of the great river���the
lordly Fraser���one sees at short intervals
the pathetic little graveyards, with crosses
and flags and fluttering rags, and evidences
of your being among fish-loving people. The
salmon is to the Indian of British Columbia
what the maize was to tho Six Nations,
and the aloe to thc Aztec. In the summer
he cuts it fresh, in the winter he cats it the
reverse of fresh. Salmon on thc march up the
Fraser are a sight never to be forgotten.
Far above North Bend, not very much lie-
low Lytton, we first saw them ���the rather
inferior variety known as Sock-Eyes. Five
different families olsalmon migrate up tbe
Fraser every year. The column was
many mi leu LON
and, as far as one could judge, about 10
feet wide and several feet deep. They had
been so buffeted in their long journey from
tho sea that the column looked blood-red,
for the Fraser is a masterful river, running
like a millraco, and iu its narrow gorges,
where there are Immense bodies of water to
be carried off through gates of rock, often
from 50 feet to 100 leet deep. Even steamers can make no headway above Yale, and
the poor salmon have to creep up the Bides
out of the current, and are often half an
hour in doubling the angle of a jutting head-
laud. The Indians take advantage ol this,
and build stages rickety enough to give a
white man the vertigo, against the face of
the rocks at those points, where they stund
with a pole-net mado like a huge lacrosse
bat, and, as the unfortunate salmon is
struggling round the corner,
scoot HIM OUT.
They can often got them muoh more
easily, because tlie salmon in their anxiety
to lay their oggs.prcss up every little creek
in search of a resting place. In the main
stream they aro driven ruthlessly on by the
vast army of their fellows behind till they
reach the Shuswnp Lakes, just as the Irish
were crowded out of Europe into Ireland by
the Teutons and Scandinavians and others
of the Indo-Germanic family, who were in
auch a hurry to get away from the roof of
the world (if tlie Pamirs wero really tho
cradle of civilization).
When the Indian ban caught hiB salmon
he splits them up aud hangs them in the
sun to dry on a frame, whioh looks a*, if it
was the skeleton of a barn. Higher up,
near ShuBwap, he ia apt to uso the gables of
his hut ; the Siwashes have suoh degraded-
looking noses that the smell does not signify. The closeness with which salmon pack
themselves is marvellous ; they might have
studied the arrangement of a sardine tin. I
have seen hundreds of thom in a pool that
would not hold a billiard table; people have
swept them out with branches before now
in such pools and the smaller creeks. These
salmon average 81b, or 91b. apiece. It is
vory pretty to Bee them
cuoasiKa AN EDDY.
Thoy do not seem to feed whon once they
are fairly in fresh water ; they havo never
been known to take a bait in the river. It
is always said that a certain noble lord
signed away tho wholo of Washington
state to the Americans becauso the salmon
would not rise in tho Columbia. It wilt
give an idea how thick the salmon were
when I mention that you could get plenty
of excitement by standing on tho edge of
the river aud grabbling at tho fish as they
went by with your hands���you did not
catch any, but you could catch hold ef
lots. Down below Nortli Bend the Fraser,
though it still runs between lofty mountains
forested to their summits with pine, winds
aud twists about liko an eel through sand
banks and shingles beds, whose monotony
is varied with Chinamen sluicing the gold
washed down from tho Bonanzas, which all
the miners of tho Pacific [coast believe to
line the mountains of British Columbia, as
well as California. How much the China*
man gets out of this business no white man
ever could ascertain ; the white man only
gets starved.
By Observing Them Yen Mny He Saved a
Slrk Spoil Tills Winter.
Never lean with the back upon anything
that is cold.
Never begin a journey until the breakfast
has been eaten.
Never take warm drinks and then immediately go out into the cold.
Keep the back, especially between the
shoulder blades, veil covered; also the chest
well protected.
In sleeping in a cold room establish \
habit of breathing through tho nose, and
never with the mouth open.
Never go to bed with cold or damp feet
Never omit regular bathing, for unless tho
skin is in active condition tho cold will olose
the pores and favor congestion and other
After exercise of any kind nover rido iu
an open carriage or near the window of a
car for a moment; it is daugerous to health
or oven lifo.
When hoarso speak as littio as possible
until the hoarseness is recovored from, else
the voice may be permanently lost, or
difficulties of tho throat be produced.
Merely warm the bock by the fire, and
never continue keeping the back exposed to
the heat after it has become comfortably
warm.   To do otherwise is debilitating.
When going from a warm atmosphere
into a cooler one, keep tho month closed, so
that the air may bo warmed in its passage
through tho nose before it reaches tho
Never stand still in cold woathor, especially after having taken a slight degree ol
exercise, and always avoid standing on Ice
or anow, or whoro tho person is exposed to
cold wind.
Aa a Maaiura of Economy.
" Hot chestnuts 1" said theatreet-eorno
merohant, suggestively.
41 No! What do I want of your hot
chest mils !" retorted the chrysanthemum
young man, who was hurrying past,
" Put 'em in your overcoat pockets!"
called out the merchant after him. " Keep
your hands warm. Save you a week's
salary in buyin' a pair of gloves I"
A Ha ize Frolic-
Rural Youth���" You should stay and go
to a husking bee,"
City Maid-" What ia thet T"
" We have a big party of young folks,
and after husking the corn wo havo a
" Ah, I seo. I presume that is where we
get our term tho maiz-y waltz,"
tchoea ot Society-
Mr. Ed. Grcon Away���"Ah, Ben, dear
boy, you and your charming wifo did not
attend our ball last night. Wero you down
to Chowbliss' social?"
Mr. Bon E. Diet-" No. We had a lively ball of nur own at home, and I was floor*
" Do you know," said ('holly Bitkins, " I
think theso jokes about fellows having tho
ticket but no ovahooat a'ho vewy wude and
impwopah." " So do I,"said Billy Bat-kins j
"think of tho way thoy burrow up us
follows who haven't oven any tickets.
Host���"I hate to send you out in such
a blustering night as this, old fellow."
Guest���" It is raining pretty hard, I say,
couldn't you loau me your umbrella?"
Host���"Certainly ; and���er���I guess I'll
walk home with you myself. I really need
the exercise." \
Published  Every Wednesday
At Courtenay,   B.  C.
By Whitney & Co.
Onv Year
Sis Months .
Kfngle ropy
, I A*.
n e.i
One Inch )'cr voir	
���    ,.   innnili  	
aluhthcol  poryear	
Mirlli ��� ���������
woek, - Uno      	
Local notlces,pcr lino 	
Notices of Births, Marriages
I) ��� tills.  50 cents each insertion.
Vi Ailvertismeni inserted for less
;o cents.
$ 13 DO
.Vi W)
Lii vertUing Ajjent, 21 Merchant*'
rxehunge, San Francisco, ie our au-
thorizod agent. This pupor ie kept
on file iu his office.
Wednesday, Jan. 3,1891
In looking over our books wc find that
many of our subscribers arc in arrears,
somo of them for many months. Newspapers can not be inn on credit, and we
must urge all who know themselves to
be indebted to us to at once forward the
Eighteen   Ninety-four.
How strange the figures look���- 1894?
They mark a new epoch in our cxistenc .
They are the introduction to tiblc lard
of a hitherto unseen region. Like all
things new they arc interesting. They
hold for us the unknown, and hope, ever
exultant, happily clothes tlie future with
ils yet untasted sweets. lis possibiliii* s
are grand anu its opportunities have not
been wasted. Its dangers are beyond
our view. We have all determined to
shake off the dust of the unfortunate
past. We wiil indeed treasure its blight
memories; its loves and friendships we
will hold sacred, But our faces must be
turned to the front. New duties await
Ui. A Happy New* Year is lhe usual
grepting, but happiness does not come
Irom being sought after. Pursued it ev-.
er flics, it is an ignoble chase. We
should rather hope for A Useful New-
Year. Happiness is the smiling angel
that attends upon Usefulness. To be
useful, barring the shadows of sickness
and final leave-takings should bring happiness. It leaves no room for vain repining or regrets. It sweetens the pathways of others and surrounds life with a
beneficent satisfaction.
Howiian Affairs.
Queen Lill. will not be restored as ruler of Mowaii. Cleveland made a big
blunder in attempting it aud has signally
failed. The woman is unfit to be queen
aud the white clement is bound to control
affairs. We would be glad to see thc islands become a Province of the British
Umpire but lhat is out ol thc question as
they have for years been under the practical (although not nominal) protection
ofthe United Slates which will continue
to maintain its hold upon them. A Republic will probably succeed the present
Provisional (lovcrnment, and wiih the
return of tlie Republicans to power will
(ome the question of annexation. That
may, however, be long delayed, and with
new times will come new measures. No
onc can lift tlie curtain to read witli cer
taintv tlie future.
New  States.
It is likely lhat one or two new slates
will be admitted during the present session nf Congress. Arizona aud New
Mexico are territories now, and as they
possess the requisite number of inhabitants there seems no good reason why
their admission should be delayed, The
only objection which has been raised is
aimed at Utah on account of Mormonisin.
but that need not be a hinderancc as
Utah would have to adopt a constitution
prohibiting polygamy before admission,
The Nanaimo Telegram in treating this
subject says "the Mormons now say the)
do noi want it,[i)olygamy]and are or profess to be quite willing that it should be
prohibited by Congress by special clause
in the bill creating it a state, but once
created a slate, it is sovereign and cannot be prevented from amending its con
stitution by resolution of the state legislature at any time, if a majority of thc
members decide to do so." The Telegram is misinformed. Utah will have
-to adopt by a vote of her qualified voters
a constitution which will be in harmony
with the national constitution, Congress
having first passed an enabling act.
After the adoption of the state constitution, the President, if it has been properly
ratified .issues his proclamation admitting
to statehood, The legislature cannot by
resolution or by any other method amend
tlte state constitution, that can only be
done through a constitutional convention,
aud then its work must be submitted to
a popular vote. But suppose thc people
were to alter the constitution so as to
authorize polyg.iny, after they had once
bvcome a stale? The state legislatures
often pass laws which thc United Stales
supreme court pronounces unconstitution
al, and we suppose it might also declare
an amendment to a state constitution
invalid. Beyond question the jurisdiction of the national federal court covers
every part ofthe system. Besides Utah
is becomii.g rapidly settled up and Mor-
inonism is no longer the power that it
once wai. As the Enabling Act will
provide for a constitution to Le amended
only by a two thirds vote of the people,
thc Mormons have lint stienght enough
now (and their strength will be less in
the future) lo effect any amendment in
their interest.
Liquor  Traffic.
Editor Weekly News: Allow me a corner in your next issue to lay befoie your
many renders a few facts in relation lo
the Liquor Traffic which 1 think merit
ths-.r most c-.mest attention. The np-
puintmenl ofa Royal Commission for the
whole Dominion, to take evidence, and
the taking of a popular vote, or plebiscite
111 Prince Edward Island and Ontario,
show   the   importance   of lhe subject.
More than fifty --.ears intelligent observation has convinced ine that ihe
liquor habit is the most dreadful calamity of the nineteenth century! British
Columbia is called a Christian country
and t^e morality taught In our Public
School must be dial of the Bible, oil
which the Christian religion is founded.
Now I challenge any man in the Dominion of Canada to show me, the consistency of our government training the
children to say "Thy will be done", and
''Lead us not into temptation", and then
opening a saloon ou the next comer,
where swearing and drunkeness may
often be seen and heard. If it is consistent for a public teacher to smoke cigars himself and then turn round and
whip the boys for chewing tobacco and
smoking cigarettes I confets I cannot
see it. When a clergyman lells you that
the saloon keeper is no more responsible
for my drunkeness than the butcher is
for my bring a glutton that merely shows
you tint he has never given the mailer
any verv serious attention, I have seen
several clergyincr well learned in Latin,
Greek, theology, etc., who for want of
attention to common things, inisi>m-
nounced such common words as ONLY,
said, AOA1N, etc;
One of the worst evils of strong drink
is that it creates in its victims an abnormal and siccclcrated appetiie which becomes hereditary. How sad it is to sec
young persons with an enfrebled constitution and an insatiable desire for alcoholic stimulants: Such persons earl\
become victims of the liquor habit, and
arc soon ruined morally, menially, socially, physically and financially. How
sad il is to see, men who were once ministers of ihe gospel, doctors, lawyers or
judges, rolling in the ditch, or under the
grasp of DELIRIUM TKEMENS! to see
them jump and siare, and hear them
shout and yell "Oh, there they are! Sec
them come! see them come! Look now,
look now, look now! They're on mc!
they're on inell"
Now in my opinion, the government is
to a very grcal extent responsible for
this state of affairs. If the greatest a-
mount of good to the greatest number of
individuals extending over lhe longest
period of time is the fundamental principal of all good government ihen the liquor traffic must go! If, as Mr. Gladstone
says, the object of law is to make it easy
to do right, and hard for those who
choose 10 do wrong, then we want a common sense Prohibition Law, one that
can and will be enforced.
It is much easier to carry out a total
prohibition law and keep the evil out altogether than to pievent violations ofthe
piesent license law. We l>*ave gambling
smuggling, stealing, forging, and killing
game during lhe closed season all prohibited, any of whicli laws are more easily evaded than it would be to keep a saloon without a government sanction.
The expense ol one murder case, or
a whisky row often costs more than all
the revenue from all the licenses in the
Province. We all complain of the Chinese sending the money out of the country
but I wonder who sends the money away
to buy thc whisky. We must give up the
Ten Commandments and the Lord's
prayer or else the whiskey must go!
S. F. C.
Tbo rution at the Cobra.
Tho bito of the terrible cobra of India
Li looked upon as meaning certain death.
It ia not enrprising that esporimentB to
dotermine tho natnro of this awful
poison should attroct wide attention
when thev uro made in a scientific manner entitling their rut-mlts to be accepted
with confidence, Hnchoxporlraonta have
recently been conducted by Mr. A. A.
Kuntlmck. Tho venom was obtained
by pressing tho beads of living cobras,
by whicli nerve trying operation thu
deadly fluid was squeezed out of the
Tho fluid dries very quickly and leaves
a yellow BUbstancQ resembling gum
arabic or tho dried albumen of egg, which
iseufllly pnlvcrtste.lt Tho activity of tho
poison la destroyed by prolonged boiling,
ti concentrated solution of it withstanding tho effiecta of boiling for nn hour or
two before entirely losing its poisonous
action. A weak soln-tion conld bo rendered innocuous by being boiled from HO
minutes to half au hour.
But of courao thisc-m give no comfort
to any victim of a cobra bite, emeu the
venom, onco in joe ted into his blood,
could by no possibility bo subjected to
such a process of boiling.
Ar.imoiiiu * and chlorine water also
proved cupublo of dcHtroying tho poison
if applied to it for a considerable time
in strong solutions, and cai'bolio acid considerably delayed its poisonous uetion.
Somo hope had been raised that doses
of strychnia might prove a ineaus ol
euro, but the experimouta show-id thut
thf-re was no foundation for this hope.
Su fur, then, a cure for tbo bite of tlie
cobra remains to be discovered.���
Youth's Companion.
Wli** Hr- Didn't Shoot,
A man with & wife who has her own
ways about doing things catches her
now and then.
"My dear," ho said tho other morning
ne ho wns dreasinrj, "1 think you wen
right when yon told me last night tba
thero were burglars in the honse."
"Why?" she asked nervously,
"Because all the money that was In
my pockets when I went to bed is gone.'
"Well," nhe said, with an Mold-yon
so nir. "If you hail l*on brave and got
up and shot the wretch, you would have
bad your money thia morning."
"Putsibly, my door, possibly," he said
gingerly, "but I would have been a
She laughed softly then aad fave
half of it back to him.���London Tit-
3    n
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7t ���
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5  -  ii
Esquimalt  and Nanaimo  Ry.
Steamer Join
On and after Mar. 22nd, 1S93
The Stearw-r JOAN will fail as follow.
and frolKht in-y offer
Lo&vo Victoria, Tu*,d..y, 7 n. m.
"   Nanuimo for Cainox. Woilueailay, 7 a. in
Leave Comox for Nanniuiu,      Friday.. 7..m
'      Nanaimo for Victoria,    Sttturdcy, 7 a.m
For freight or state rooms apply on
board, or at thc Company's ticket office,
Victoria Station, Store street.
Esquimalt & Nanaimo R'y.
Time  Table   No.   17,
To take effect at 8.00 a. m. on Friday
September 30th. 1892. Trains run
on Pacific Standard Time.
"i SS ��i s
d JS
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SS3*S3B3l.it;i'JI9SS S3
*r*)'reio***d*3)tnseeo-'>->     ���>.
On Saturdays and Sundays
tit-turn Tlckota will bo Is-med botwoon all
������f'ivt*- for a turo tuid a r-uarter, RDod for re-
titrn not later than Monday.
Hotorn Tlokota for one ��n-I a half ordlnarj*
fnro may ha pni-chnscd daily to all point*,
(���������id for  BBV'-n d>.y.i, lucludlnK day of itaBo,
No Hutnrn Ticket-* Iwicd for a faro and a
quarter whore the lingU fart in  twiiiity-tirt
Vi,rough raUM b-rtwMn Vietoria jta4 Comox.
I*rcBldent, Goal Supt
Geo. rrtlght and PiMwr Aft
Riverside Hotel
Courtenay B'C
J. J. Grant, Proprietor
The Hotel is one of the best equipped
on the Pacific Coast, and is situated at
the mouth of the Courtenay River, between Union and the larjje. farming settlement of Comox,
Trent aie plentiful in the river, and
large game abounds in thc neighborhood
The Bar connected with the hotel is
kept well supplied  with thc best wines
sad  liquors.    Stage connects   with  all
SteameKJ,   Terms moderate
Nanaimo Cigar Factory.
Philip Gable, Proprietor.
Baston Street      ���    Nanaimo B. 0.
��� Manuf.ictures   the   finest   cigarcs,
employing none but white labor.
Why purchase inferior foreign cigars,
when yotl can obtain a SUPERIOR ARTICLE for the same money?
Nanaimo Machine Works
Robert J, Wenborn**
Fraser Strett
Near Bastion Street Bridge
Nanaimo' B. C.
All Kinds of Machinery made to order
nnd repaired.
Fruit ��� Trees
Mainland Nursery   -      *
*      Ladners Landing B. C.
A large supply of three and four year old
Also Pears l'lumes, Prunes, and Peaches
Ornamental trees' for lawns and grass
plots.   Small fruits,  shrubs   and evergreens of every variety.
L Gilchrist
T. C. Woods
Oomox B.  C.
Conducts a G-neral
Teaming   and  Livery Business
His Stage Runs to Union and
Returns Thursdays, Saturdays,
and Sundays.
Wood 4 Miller
Having Added to their Own
Splendid Livery Outfit.
of R. Grant and Co
Are Prepared to furnish  Sty-
ish  Rigsat   Reasonable Rates
Give them a call.
All persons driving ovor the wharf
or bridge* in Comox district faKtei
thin a walk, will be prosecuted accord
ng to law,
S. Creech
Gov. Agent.
Nana im o   Saw Mill
��� and   ���
Sash and Door Factory
A Hnalitli,. IT  Mill Hi.. I'll Hox ��. Tel. I 0
Nanaimo II. C.
A complete stock of Rough and Dressed
Lumber always on hand; also .Shingles,
Laths, Pickets, Doors, Windows and
Ulinds, Moulding, Scroll sawing, Turning
and all kinds of wood finishing furnished
Cedar,     White   Pine,     Kedwo.d.
All orders accompanied withCASH prompt
ly and carefully attended to.
Steamer Kstell
Harbor and ontside towing done at reason
able rates.
G B Leighton
At the Bay, Comox, B. O.
Blacksmithing and Repairing
of all kinds
Carriage Work and Horseshoeing a specialty
F.  W. Hart
Manufacturer,   Importer,  Whole*,-,
aud  Retail  Dealer    la
ET* Largest E-tal-Miiiiem of its kind.
.2-94 Cerdova ht     , Vauanver, B. c.
The leading hotel in Oomox district.
New and handaomely furniahed,
excellent hunting and fishing elope
to town. Tourists can depend on
first-class accommodation. Reasonable rates. Bar supplied with the
choicest liquors and cigars
R. Graham, Piopr.
C. H. Beevar-Potts
Solicitor, Notary Public Conveyancing
in all its branches. -Office Commercial St, Nanaimo.
Yarwood & Young,
Hamsters, So'ieitors, &c. Office Cor.
Baston and Commercial St., Nanaimo, It, C,
Funeral Directors and Emiiai.mers
Gnriutitns nf lho OrlmiUl, Eur-iku,
and United Butt* Uollegn of Km-
Nanaimo, IJ. C.
Ct* $io and $20, Genuine Confederate
-P jt Bills onlv live each; $50 and $100
bills to cents each; $1 and $2 bills 25pents
each. Sent securely sealed on receipt of
price. Addrcst, CtlAS. I). BARKKR, 90
S- Forsyth St., Atlanta, Ga., U. S. A.
The Nanaimo Pharmacy
Nanaimo B. 0.
W. E. .Mc Cartney Chemist,
Pure Drugs Cluniiuuis and  Pittent
PhyilcJUiB Prosnlptloni and Hllortlera flllit
with ortro uml dii.(iatuh. P. 0, box Vi
Wm Mathewson.
Wif! deliver daily at
and during  warm  weather twice a day
Pure Milk from His  Ranch
And also will deliver to his custome
dnily  Fresh  Eg       Butler, Vegetables.
Poultry, etc.
Fanners having above for sale or delivery should consult him.
Passengers carried to nnd from Union.
���nod ���
Courtenay, B. C.
General Blacksmithing-
and Horse Shoeing."
Loggers' Work a Specialty.
UNION Bakery
Best of Bread, Cakes  and
Pies always  on hand. ' .-.
The Bread Cart will   be at
Courtenay and Comox  Tuesdays and Fridays.
Adderton & Rowbotham, Prop
For Sale
521 Acres of Choice Land,
��� and ���
9 Horsea, 100 Sheep, and 00 Cow.
together with
S Mowing Machines, 1 Steel Boiler
1 Heaping Machine, 1 Seed Sower,
1 Drill Bower, 1 Spring wagon, and
Double Wagon.
Title deeds can be seen in my possession.
Adam McKelvey
A. C. Fulton
Sandwick and Union
Has always on hand a
choice stock.
Fresh Beef,Mutton,Veal, Pork*
at Lowest Pricus.
We have decided to continue our 20 per cent discount sale
for thirty days, until 31st. Dec. This will be a good opportunity to secure good Xmas Goods at prices which have not been
equalled in the history of the district. We have an enormous %
stock of goods this season suitable for presents. It will pay
you to give us a call at once. ��� ���        '   '
Sloan & Scott, Nanaimo, B. C.
jaroes Abram. of Vaioa
is my Agent
in your District. Any orders you may be pleased to give him for thc repairing of Watches. Jewelery & etc., will receive prompt attention and
will be done in a workmanlike mauner at the lowest possible charges.
All work guaranteed to give satisfaction. My stock of Watches, Clocks,
Jewelerv, and Silver Plate will be larger tnan ever this Fall and Winter.
Give me a call when in Nanaimo, M. H. Counter.
and other splendid investments.
We offer you
Buy of your home Agents who will be pleased to secure you
Gilchrist ancl McArdle, Courtenay.
Tlio flnsat Uu.dy-.ntf- tt'a nine* wonderful
ill'i'i,v-.'iy ol tin? nne. Kudo* mi! by tolen tli.i* men
1 fEwoi-eanajunatwt Budyabipan-lyvegetable. Btopn
Protcat-r n is
oftbed sclia to
a Manhood   *
vi-inruu-H   and
������i-i-uiti  timmUm entire syt-'i-sm.   aiteb
Hudy.in curesDebflltj*, Ncrvr-iiMie r, Euii-satonp,
iu,it -.(������*' I'lutiiRnd rcntorcs venk ort-mi-i.  I-rIjih
in t'10 buek, Io-mvi hr day ni tilKhtimir-t;)t-pod
qii okly. Over 2,000 prIvr.tee��dorHeiucnt��.
Preiuiittirei't-ninenit-ilmiiDlC'iir*' In the fi rut
'!���"('. UctuitWBtoinie-Jiiii'OsJaj-ilyUicu'ieof
TlHMiewrtl-iooTeryw'uiiiinde by theSpeclBl*
Is-t lOftheold I'-unutuMtuittim Mcdiciil lu-.ll-
iutt>. UU tlieitnjii(n?nt viUlliier made. Ills
v Typo-veif-il, but biu-mirM. Hold for S1.00 a
]>a'*KB->i*or 6 rackaf>i*ii f>r (S.'O (plain m.'uU'd
buxflr*). Written (-inirniit-o **iv->n for a can. If
y-*!i 'iiiynlx boxen and hra nn cnilu-ly cuiril,
ilx mum *,vill ln*m*iitto vou freo of allcbargct-
Bcnd forclrnila-1 and U'stimnniiiK Addroia
1032 Market St. San Franclico. OaL
7. D. McLean
Jeweler, Bookseller
and Dealer in
Organs, Pianos, Music
Stationery,   and   Notions oi all kinds.
Union   Mines, B  C.
Eureka  Pottling Works,
Sarsaparalla and Champagne Cider, Irqn Phosphates, Syrups,
Bottler of Differ i-.lt "Irandt of Ln^cr Bier Sten-n llser and Porter
Aycnt for Union Brewery Company.
Nanaimo and Courtenay B.  C.
   A  Full  Line of Everything	
JJGrant and McGregor Props.
Anley & Smith.
Df-alers in All Kinds of Meats, Vegetables, etc.
Orders Filled on Short Notice.


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