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BC Historical Newspapers

The Weekly News Jun 14, 1893

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Array </*
N03
COURTENAY, COMOX DISTRICT, B. C. WEDNESDAY, JUNETh-^-
YEAR
carry a fine assortment of
General Merchandise
including
Boots,Shoes,Clothing and Gents Furnishings
Farm.
comox:, bo.
Importers �� Dealers in
iSSt'RSNCK.
KF.AI.   KSTATE.
MARCUS WOLFE
Commercial Street, x flanaimo, B. 0.
Financial and General Commission Brokku.
Fire, Life, and Mont Insurance,
CITY ANS I-ARM PROPERTY A SPECIALTY.
KrVainootiMC Solivlt.il. P. 0. Dox W.      Mon.y to Li��n on improved Knrm Property.
\V; J. Young. P. F. S.-liarxuhmidt.
CO UR TEN A Y PHARM A G Y.
�� PURE DRUGS & PATENT MEDICINES *
Also Fancy Toilet Articles
TOBACCO  AJNT)  CIO-A.E-S.
Flour * Feed Dry (foods
Farm Produce Boots ft Shoos
Fancy Groceries Hardware
Crockery * Glassware Paint ft Oil*
Genu Furnishings
Patient Medicines
Stationery
Wallpaper
Sportsmens Supplies a Speciality
UNION   MINES
F URNITURE   ES TABLISHMENT
   A  Full  Line of Everything  	
BUILDERS   and CONTRACTOR
O* UNDERTAKING IN ALL ITS BRANCHES
Grant and McGregor Props.
...   George   Howe.   ...
COMOX and UNION B, C.
Dealer, in All Kinds of Meats,  Vegetables, etc.,
Orders Filled on Short Notice.
Riverside   Hotel
Courtenay B C
J. J. Grant, Proprietor
. The Hotel is one of the host equipped
on the Pacific Const, and- is situated at
the mouth "of the Courtenay Rivor, between Union and the Urge farming settlement of Comox,
Trent ate plentiful in the river, and
large game abounds in thc neighborhood
The Bar connected wjth the hotel is
kept well supplied  with the best winost
ind liquors.   Stage connects  with alt
Steamers.   Terms moderate
OOURTMAY HOUSE.
eoxrxiTxasjj>.s, S.C.
**|he leading hotel in Comox district.
"��� Mew and handsomely furnished,
-.xcellent hunting; and fishing close
*ci town. Tourists enn depend on
ilrst-class accommodation. Seasonable rates. Bar supplied with the
choicest liquors and cigars
R. Graham, *Propr.
BIG PROFITS.
Can be made by buying now in the
RABSON ADDITION
fronting on the Bay. The road Through this Property is be-
int{ improved, and will lead direct to UNION WHARF and
tlie new townsite where stores and hotels will soon be under
construction.
Owing to its beautiful location and proximity to Courtenay
when the Harrigan and Wharf roads are completed, it will
springintoGREAT IMPORTANCE.
Now is your opportunity
Office at Courtenay. Wm. Cheney, Agent.
Esquimalt and Nanaimo Ry.
Steamer Joan
}. K. BUTU'R, MASTER.
On and after Mar. 12nd, 1893
The Steami'r JOAN will sail as follows
CALLING AT WAY TOUTS as yoMonncK
snd trelitht mv off.r
e    re Vlctorln, TuakLiy, ft ft. ro
"   Niuiullno fur Cutnox, WwtnMdnjr. " ft. lu
"   Comox for VfttiltiE Island,  evry ultimate
Thurs iuy 7 i.m.lRo iiniiutc ..unu'Uy |
Lunve Comox fur SaiiHlmo,      Fridny.. 7 ...in
'      N una lino for Victoria,   Saturtlcy. "ft.m
For freight or state rooms apply on
board, or at the Company's ticket office,
Victoria Station, Store street.
Esquimalt & Nanaimo R'y.
Time  Table   No.   17,
To take effect at 8.00 a. m. on Friday
September 30th. 1892. Trains run
on Pacific Standard Time.
T. C. Woods
Comox B.  0.
Conducts, a General
Teaming 'and; ^ivt-ry Business
His Stage Runs to Union and
Returns Thursdays, Saturdays,
and Sundays.
For Sa'e
521 Acres of Choice Land,
��� and --
9 Horses, 100 Sheep, and 90 Oows
together with   .
2 Mowing Machines, 1 Steel Boiler
1 He ping Machine, 1 Seed Sower,
1 Drill Sower, 1 Spring wagon, and
Double Wagon.
Title- deeds cau be seen in my possession,
Adam McKelvey
THE BEST PLACE IN B. C.
to buy
Agriculural Implements, Farm and Mill Machinery, Min-
ng and mill supplies, Hardware, Belting, Paints and Oils,
Plaster,Cordaga and Cement
is
NICHOLLES and RENOUF    *
Victoria, B C
P O Box 86 8 E Corner Yates and Broad
Correspondence solicited.
From our Oltl M:ik:r<, C. C. Co.,  of
Montreal.
���'ZMx*.o2*=*-=% ''��� I
:u '���Z'jx-'* '��� '��� '���">   ��� 5
�� ' :������� : :: : : .o^v
���ur "i.rsri'K *i~--^Mssss?*swr~s
**- '���$ Z>>1% a*--;B*i��?i��s��i"i s si
9oi*-*H      -���
Always Satisfactory.
Duncan  Bros.
We Carry the Largest Stock
--T- Of        -
General Merchandise
in British Columbia.
Simon Leiser, Proprietor,
Miss M. Roy has charge of our dress Department. All work done in this Department guaranteed to give satisfaction.
On Saturday! aud Sunday*
Rflturn TiuVou will ba 1-wuod I-oiwhi-ii all
point! for a hl-fl *nil a quurt��r, itootl for return imt Inter th-iii Monday.
Return Ticki-m for um-��ml a hnlf Ordinary
faro mar bo iiun-Uaaed ilnlly to all point-i,
good for aovon daya, lucliulin-* day of inmii*
So Itoturn Tlcktia lasuvd for a furo ami u
i-miricr wharo tha ainglo faro In twcnty-ttvi*
cent*.
Through rates batwesa Victoria BfA Coniox
A.liUN8Mt'm. JOriKI'H IIUNTKIt,
t'l-osldant Oen'l Supt,
It. K. PRIOR,
Q��n. Freight and Pauonger Agt.
���IHE   -F.AMOTJS'
OL"5TX��B
ST^LLIOlsT
will be at
John   H tieiington's   stable*
Curing the Season.
Terms���To Insure, for thc Season $1?  j-j
"       Fur Single Service $ -j.u
(���room lees, $ 1.50
Magnificent Bcdy of Land��� Ct-lti-
���atad by Labor Saving Macbine-
ry���I Eaiiy Department��� Inter-
eating; Particulara,
The farm lunning back from Cnurtc-
itity on thu north side of the river i*- as
line a body of land as cm he found in
the district. Until the rising ground of
thc hill is reached it is entirely free from
stone, ami of a rich alluvial character.
I'robahly the bay waters at one time extended over it. Later thc river, of which
there i<- abundant evidence, must hJtvo I
flowed along the foot hills. What forces
changed its 'course afterwards are not
apparent. Gently rising into a small.
eminence, of elongated shape and then
sloping gradually a vay is a spot .vhirh
seems specially designed for a building
site. It basilic important advantage of
na'ural drainage, antl commands a magnificent view ofthe valley, Courtenay and
the long line of snow capped mountains
beyond. Here resides the owner nf ihe
place, Wm LeWis. H'e came l'erc in
1874, purchasing the farm as thc most
desirable onc he could find from funds
he had e irned in California during ihe
twelve yean since he landed in the new
world in 1862. There were 160 acre*; in
the original place. Then too acres were
added immediately adjo-ning on the rea**,
and since that a iflb acres still further
back but contiguous tothe re: t.-^o that now
he Is understood to have what* may be
cal'ed one bodv of land, 420 acres. While
the last mentioned piece is stilt in a state
of nature, much ofthe second piece has
been reclaimed from the forcsl and may
be counted among his most productive
fields.
At   this time of the  year one must
judge of the production of a place and its
importance by other things than crops
which have not yet matured.   A visit to
th? barn gives onc some idea of what is
being done.   Tbe building is 60 by 108
On the north end and halfway across on
the two sides are siul's for cattle,,the mow
being in the centre, making feeding easy.
In other parts wee tvuehmcry and horse
power.   Passing through or around this
ymx conic to  anntlier building of very
considerable sue well filled with machinery adapted to farming purposes.   Progression is seen in nil this and indicates
method and business purpose.    Hut the
clouds look threucning and if we would
see much more wn must be moving. The
hill side to thc north is dotted with sheep.
but an enquiry elicited an answer indicating they were but a small matter in the
owner's opinion.   The dairy is tlie principal thing, although in the horse and
other lines there is much th.it would be
considered of importance to many   The
farm is largely in grass and pasture and
thc cows are the money producers. There
were about 25 of them,'a few having be* n
sold off.   Wc look around for the conditions under wli-ch this branch ofthe fanning is managed, and arc shown two out
buildings a few steps  fiom thc dwelling.
littering the further one we find a huge
vat of clear  cold water with   compartment Into which are p'aced the creamery
cttnlif each holding about eight gallons of
milk.   Thc waier is conducted into this
basin Or vat from the hill beyond, and
passes off through   somo invisible drain
into the flat below.   This is thc deep
y/tttcr system- and here the arrangements
are very perfect and yield tho best results
A few steps brings us tn the companion
building where we see the big revolving
churn, ihc l-irt-e butter worker nnd otber
appliances.   Every- thing is brU-ht and
cle-iU.   A favorite plan is to put thc butler after being worked and prepared into
stone jars of a certain camcity when if
protected at the top by a little brine it
will keep for a twelve month.   The butter made here has acquired a high  reputation for it.: uniform good quality and
readily commands a market at  alt times.
Carts ;nd Buggies.
J. H. Holmes has just received a consignment uf Carts and Buggies direct
from thc manufactory of Armstrong &
Co. of Ouclptt at prices that will defy
competition;
The Human Ox.
Tha Search Continued��� Our Corroa-
pondent Bhoota a Cub and ia At-
taokad by the Old Bear��� Band
to Hand Struggle��� Knowledge
Acquired on tha Stage Savaa th*
Knight of tha Quill.
At the close of my last letter, 1 was
standing looking into the throat of the
mountain out of which gurgled a small
streim, and con-idcring the advisability
of entering it before morning, and the
means of lighting my way. when my attention was disturbed bynslit-ht noise
to my left, and turning in iKit direction I
Ij-tlwUi within 40 feet of me a ytmnu cub.
1 raised mv rifle ;.n4 tired. The next instant before 1 had time to lower my aims
I -AasclastK-d around Irom behind: and
as thc well known paws ofa bear met in
front of me, I knew that I was in Ihc
grasp of thc parent animal, now infuriated by the loss of its young. I had hi en
in too many tight places to loose mv
presence of mind, although never in so
light. 1 fix as this promised to be. My
arms being raised at the t-me, prevented
them being pinioned at my side by the
vice like grip of my savage assailant, anil
I was thus left free to use ihem as best I
could.   Hut n hat eonld I do?
During the next   instant   everything
seemed tn pass through my mind with
lightning like rapidity, and plans of operations were considered and cast aside as
impracticable, when thc  idea of playing
the part of a bear myself suddenly oc-
cufed to me.   It was in  this wav: I had
for some lime previous to my engagement on the Courtenay N Eyrp, in this
ha-mdous search, been travelling witb
liulthlo Hfll tn various parts cf the world,
giving entertainments.   One of the plays
in which 1 was an actor represented the
perils of frontier life, in which, clothed in
a bear skin,   I appeared as a veritable
member of that family.   The stage curtain rep-resented it forent scene.   Against
a large tree were stacked the   guns of a
party of four men, the chief figure among
whom, was Buffalo Hilt,  They were seated around a rustic tabic eating, when as
it bear I bounded into tbe opening where
they were on all fours, passing by the
tree where the guns were stacked, and
growling so as   to   imitate    bruin, in
which effort I had acquired great skill.
Upon my appearance Buffalo Bill and
his companions would rush to the cover
of the trees, white I sprawled forward to
tbe table, and proceeded to devour every-
thing in sight.   The bear skin was so arranged that while I appeared to swallow
everything whole,   using both paws in
conveying the fond to my mouth,  the
victuals actually passed down under my
shaggy hide in'front where tbey remained.   As the viands went down with as-
tonish'ng rapidity, my stomach  would
viuibty distend, to the wonder of the au
dience.   When I had cleared the table,
I gracefully turned it over amid deafen-
ing plaudits, and retired as I came.  The
party whom I had driven iway. who bad
been watching mv doings from behind
the trees at the sides of th" stage, where
just a glimpse of them could be obtained
by the audience, would then rush forward,
seize their guns and look wildly in every
direction for the bear (mvself) which was
by that time at a safe distance.
All this was recalled to my mind in a
period so brief that no denomination of
time could measure it. The whole scene
stood out before mc like a picture, and
was taken in by one sweep of my mental
vision. Acting upon the novel sugges-
I tion it presented to mc, I instantly made
[ a low growl such as had made me famous
as an actor. The bear must have been
dumbfounded, for it partially released its
hold, and bent forward its bead across
my right shoulder as if endeavoring to
get a good look at me in front. As 1 observed this action of my antagonist, I
plunged my left hand in his open mouth,
seizing its tongue which 1 twisted with
all my strength, while with the right I
drew my hunting knife from my hip pock
et, opened it by pressing a spring, and
thrust it repeatedly into thc bears body
until it sank lifeless at my side.
Truthful James.
Local Brevities
Have you read "My Novel?"
Bishnp Lemmons of the Catholic
church arrived to day on thu Joan.
C R. King of Victoria representing
Kvans Si Sons of Montreal i-> iu town.
UanO'llandly had two ribs crushed
at Union between iwo ears.
Joseph Mel'hee has returned from a
visit to Victoria.
John Mundeil U at Nanaimo. He will
return next week.
Mis. F. 1). Little and Mis-i Snow came
up on the Juan.
W. 1). Scott who bandits tirst class
Kit-t!u 1'rjperty is in town.
U. L. Ut-rUcu ul aviiglunli reached Ins
liwrnby much tu ua,,.
'lhe Joan goes down to Nanaimo or
neiiriticio 111.0 win bring up u-iuuiimv
AC0 ions 01 puw oer lor tlie iniiits.
The wife, daughter and sun of Ur,
Lawrence ul Uniuii arrived to day un the
Joan,
Mr. <.;. \V. Garrison, fittlifr of Mis. C,
C. Wesiwui-d was a pat-blinder un this
joun to day.
The difference between tbe good and
bad is this J 1 he good do not yield to
temptation, ihe b.ui do.
Ceo. C. Smith has been awarded the
contract for carrying thc mail from Coniox
to (iraiiiliaiii.
Mr.FraUk Whitney has been appointed-
pos.tma--.tur at Courtenay, and lhe oftice
will Le opened here as soon its practicable
Thc surprise dance party at Win. Che-
ic**,'-* on Tuesday evening of last weelt
leek
Society    Cards
Leiser Lodge No. 13, A, 0. U. W.
holds regular meetings on alternate Saturday evenings at7-30 p. in. in the old
North Comox School House. Visiting
Brethren are cordially invited to attend.
Ernest A. Holliday
Recorder.
Wm Mathewson.
will deliver daily at
uicioir
and during warm weather twice 1 day
I'ure Milk from Hts Ranch
And also will deliver to his custome
daily Fresh  Kggs, Butter, Vegeta
Poultry, etc.
Farmers having above for sale or delivery should consult him.
Passengers carried to and from Union.
Notice.
Notice is hereby given that any person
found cutting timber on or removing material from the seven acre block recently
occupied by Wm. (ones on the Union
mine road now dcco.iseo, will be prosecuted according to law,
Robert (Irant,
\V. Sharp
For Sale.
One Donkey Kngine and Boiler, about
8 h. p. engine witb 12 h. p. boiler upright
suitable for hoisting or running machinery
(second hand) Price on steamer at Nanaimo $J2 5.
Apply to R. W. Wenborn, Nanaimo
for further information.
Hornby   Items.
Hiram Lot-ge No 14A.F .& A.M..B.C.R.
Courtenay B. C.
Lodge meets on every Saturday on or
before the full ofthe moon
Visiting Brothers   cordially requested
t0atlend- W.J.Young
Secretary.
K.ofP.
Comox Lodge No 5; ���<��� of P'�� mcfet��
every Saturday, after the new  and full
moon, at 8 p.m. at Castle Hall, Comox.
Visiting Knights cordially invited lo at-
tend* John Biird
Ki U.S.
Notice*
Notict, is hereby given that under
Sec. 6 of the ''Provincial Revenue Tax
Act" all employers of labor shall pav the
annual tax of $3.00 for any per-ion or
parties in their or his employment and
may deduct the amount so paid from the
wages or salary of any such employe upon production and dcliyery of collectors
receipt therefore. Kmployers are also
under tbe same section, bound to furnish
to the collector a list of al! persons directly or indirectly employed by them.
W. H. Anderson
Collector.
Comox, May3ist.,i89>
Photographer Coming.
W. C, Pierce ( photographer ) of the
''Elite Studio" Nanaimo, B. C. will again
visit Cc-mox, Courtenay and Union as
follows: Arrive per steamer *'Joan,"junc
21st, and will take photos at Union, Sat-
nrday and Sunday. June 24th. and 25th;
ai Courtenay Monday and Tuesday the
26th and 27th, and drive up into the settlement the 28th,and be at Coinox Thursday the 29th, and return.
June 7th.��� Last Saturday the annua'
road meeting was held on Denman Island and the report of last year's work
submitted which proved ralisfactory to
all. The old Board of Commissioners
was re-elected for another year, and the
government grant apportioned to the various roads.
The meeting was a very quiet one and
the business quickly disposed of there
being no champion of public rights
"present."
School matters are quiet and matters run
along smoothly in the ordinary groove.
Mr. Joseph Grieve was over on the is-
land for a week taking orders (or stump
pulling.
Mr. Barkie, Jr. bas gone tothe World's
Fair and intends to come back in fashii n
Quite a number of slow farmers are
still busy with their seeding.
Townsite  Lots.
Lois in the townsite adjoining Union
Wharf are now for sale at sueh prices as
should induce purchase. For the present the choice of lots can be had for $75
on easy terms, with the exccpt:on of water fronts. Land in thc immediate neigh-
borhong of Bayne Sound can be had at
a low price per acre.
J. B. Holmes, Comox, II. C.
Notice.
All persons.are hereby notified not to
remove any timber from off mv land situated on Union Road and lately occupied by Wm. Jones deceased.
John Wilson
Comox, June 1st 1893. *
K  of P. Election.
M the session of Comox Lodge No. 5
K. of P. held June 3rd the follrwing officers were elected for the ensuing term;
Hugh Stewart M.W.;P. Scharschmidt
C. C.j R. Graham V, C.;Conlan M. at A.;
W. B. Anderson P.; K. MuschampJ. G.j
T. Rosborough 0. G.
ney'-i on Tuesday evening
was a bri.liant success.
John Mundeil has been appointed Col
lector ol Customs- a fit appointment.
We extend our congratulations.
N. N. Cole of Cole, Emory & Co, merchant tailors of Winnipeg, wj.s in town
last week taking orders for his linn. lio
had a- nice lot ot samples.
Thc San Mateo is expected now and
the Queen on Saturday while thc male
of the San Mateo will soon arrive to alternate with that boat.
If you wish to have some Photos taken,
get ready. "Pierce" of Nanaimo will be
at Gram's Hotel, Courtenay, Monday p.
m. and Tuesday, June 26th and 27th.
Last' Saturday evening the following
officers were elected bv-thc Union Athletic Club: F. I). Little, Pres.; Jack
Bruce, V. Pres.; Charles White, Trcas.;
A. Fraser, Secy.
The one legged young man who solicited help to get back to Vancouver was
found afterwards spending his money
over the bar and associating with the
"pander11 at Coniox.
The immoral pair who have created
such disgraceful scenes at Comox did
not appear in answer to the summons
Wednesday night. It is hoped they have
fled, not to return.
The two Indians who were charged
wilh robbing thc cabin of A. L. Galarno
on tbe road between Oyster and Campbell River were tried last week at Nanaimo and convicted.
There has been for a long time a fina
cooking stove at the cabin on the deserted Troop ranch. Within a few days it
hns disappcaied, but perhaps that is not
strange as it had two good pairs of legs.
Mr. Marcus Wolle of Nanaimo will
make a business tour of this district. He
is expected up on the SS. Joan to day.
He is known as a reliable gentleman and
is engaged in the real estate and insurance business.
The difficulty with reference to the
Sapen ofthe Agricultural Society here
ave been overcome owing lo the kindly
efforts of our member Mr. Hunter who
may be expected to make ihis section a
visit shortly.
Mr. R. Whitfield representing Marcus
Wolfe, Esq. of Nanaimo in real estate
and insurance lines arrived on the Joan
today and will doubtless remain some
days. He will be found a pleasant and
relribla gentleman.
A. W. Rennison on Thursday last was
weighing a calf preparatory to sending it
to Nanaimo, the animal gave a jerk and
kicked sending the hook into his scalp
tearing a gash from which spouted a
stream of blood- He was quite faint for
a lung lime.
There arrived on the Jean to day Prof.
John Macoun of Ottawa and his assistants, Mr. Frank Walbridge of Bellvile
Ontario and Mr. Wm. Sprcadboroiif-h of
Mracebridgc, Ont to Investigate into the
natural history of this section nod lite upper end of the island. They will look up
the smaller mammals more particularly.
Next week we will give a more extended
account of their proposed work.
John Hctherington, who left here last
winter to go to the hospital at Victoria
and afterwards went south in pursuit of
health died on the 25th in California. He
came here about twelve years ago, had
acquired a tine properly, w.ts single and
leaves no blood relations in this country,
and so far as is generally known anywhere. He had a brother in Australia
but he is dead.
Notice.
Notice is hereby given that a County
Court of Nanaimo will be held at Comox
on Thuisday the 22nd day of June 1803
at 10 o'clock in the forenoon.
Suiters wishing to enttr plaints for
said Court must send particulars of same
in duplicate with the fees to tV under-
siuned on or before the 6th day of June
next. ���  _ ,
By Order
M. Bray
Registrar of
County   Court.
Nanaimo. B. C.
May 10th., 1893.
Barber Shop
Office Hours from 6 to 10 p. m.
week days and from 9 to 12 m.   Sundays.
Thomas Graham.
Decoration Services.
Memorial and deenrati >n services will
beheld in the K. of P. Hall, Comox, on
Sunday, June 18th at 2 p. in. Special
sermon by Rev. N. McConnell, M. A.
Friends and visitors are cordially invited.
Strawberry and Ice Cream
Festivial.
A strawberry and ice cream festival-1
will be given by the Ladies Aid Society
of Union Presbyterian Church, in Mr.
Alex Grant's new hall on the evening of
1 July the tst.
I Further particulars will be given later. AGRICULTURAL.
While i. probable thai thc feeler must, fori HlttHlAHD SOLDIERS IN  UANADA.
the present, continue to buy lome ol  thol  ��..-v��-i
nrotilo which his aoimalB need, .till h. Hoiv-Tlw Served-hell -trr in ���-��*��*-
T ,.       ,      c    -n . ini-it-iu wiucii in- .���iiiitii.uM neeo,
Important Information for Farmers- oare in.Mleotion 0(oropi andby gn>wtng
Tha Department of Agriculture at Ottawa plants richer io nitrogen) muoh more pro-
haa issued a circular oi ilircctiou*- for the tein  may lie produced on the farm  itself.
Robertson mlxtnrefor ensllag-a,    Thecircu- This protein is needed for fodder in order
Ur says that if a field with a drained,warm, to make leaner meat, and more of It, aud
loamy Boil bo convenient to the silo, and more milk at less coat,    The nitrogen not
can be used, U should be selected ill prefer- transformed into meat or milk makes rich
ence to 11 heavy clay or wet soil.    In all manure for grasses, grains and other crops
cases,   the laud   should receive   a liberal and the richer manure helps to bring larger
dressing  of   manure, be  ploughed in the crops and crops richer in protein,
spring and be liaiiowed to a state of fine
The time at which Indian corn for fodder
i    The reports of about 90 soil test experiments with fertilizers  conducted in   New
i      ,        i     .1 .���    i    .       ,iIj       i,..   Eneland states during the past fifteen years
may be planted with the Irsst iwdts h>"��  heve been somm.ri*e*k in two groups:   (1)
b��t time at whioh.to plant or saw  lee from sandy to loam,   and 8
seels also.    In moot district, th.  period �� |, ��   fpom heBJy loMn   *,��� heavy
Juris, the last ten days of Msy, or late I  b ,*,��� expBrimenla
Blicugn  In the season to eteape frost. St       ' , Connecticut lead  to the
mifht. and early enoiiuh to nive the iiUnU .   , ..  ,      . . .
--���-tu-   niiu wiij b   *   k        (*���.nal    following inferences for sod in this   Blato
^^^^T^Z^Il^Z]^- "-fi��< ��-*��"������" -��'-
junllower. are less liable to injury from j "X^.-Thlsl, more apt to be bene-
frost than Indlsn corn | f    ,    ��   ,    ��� ,     , I , .,
I he Indian con, an,   horse bean     w   ch ,���U|lM'r,, M ���itrato 0f Jja   M���l
llEVfl been iiuxt-i I    are lo he planted III rOWl        ,   .    ,       . '. ... *
3 leet apart, with from 9 u 4 grains per '^^g^S^t "\^.rfy*^rf
lineal foot in every row. A horsepower w,Ul ���ir?ht �� ' ga** i,0lim ����h' .lmt do n.ot
corn planter or seed drill may be used for . F���. <*f ����* **f �� *�� <">-*�� "*} ,ettVy "J*
I hat purpose. Or they may be planted In! fm *��"y ��"��� "If*!* ��������-*> ,e ���--HP-"-'-
IdllaSfeet apart boll, ways, with from C I-*-,*-*" Wj1 -Orm, as stable manure,
to iu graini In every hill.   A horse-power i (-ri��;1 Wood, etc.
or liaml corn planter ...ay be used. lFuona . I'ho-phwie acid and potash.-Heavy
nf those implement! and no other suitable M-W wils need to be supplied with large
planter be available, furrows 8 inches deep, ���0}"a*. n phMphorio acid tn the fertilizers
may be plowed 3 feel, apart. The seeds �����*���*���. w,lll�� Mb W$t *> -��-����� ��>"������"
may be  put in them and covered, after  nmre generally, though not unif.innly, help-
.which tbe Held should be rolled.
Tbe sunflower seeds are to be planted by
themselves, in rows three feet apart with
not more than .1 or -I seeds per toot in the
row. They may ba planted wilh a small
hand planter, or by a method similar to the
one whioh is used with the Indian corn ami
horse beans,
All llie seeds should bo planted to a
depth of from *_' to it inches.
Only in cases whero a crust forms on the
land, before or immediately after tho
plants come up, a light harrowing will
prove helpful to the crop. The cultivation
between the rows, when the plants are
small, should be close to them ; when tlie
plants have grown to a height of 2 feet, it
should be more distant and shallow, in
order not to injure the side roots.
Tlm crop is to be cut wIiph the Indian
corn reaches the " glazing" stage of growth,
thai is when tlio oara are just pasl the
best condition for tablo use.
The corn and beans may be cut by hand
or by any of the devices in use for cutting
fodder coin iu llie field.
Tho heads only of the sunflowerB are to
be used. Thoy may be cut by a common
reaping honk or oilier knife. They may he
put directly iiu.ii a waggon or cart, or into
a basket oi-into heaps, from which they
may lie loaded afterwards.
When the Indian corn has reached the
" glazing" stage of growth, the crop is to
bo put into tbe silo without willing or dry-
in-''; bill if and when it has uot reached tlio
'.'glazing" stage before frost comes, it is to
be out and left to wilt or dry in the
Held for ilium*, one day.
Tlie corn and beans (from two acres) are to
to be cut iu lengths of from one-half inch to
one inch and put into the silo ; and the
heads only (from half an acre) of sunflowers
are lo be cut with them, They may be fed
through the cutting-box on and with corn
and I leans.
A fairly even distribution of the mixture
should be made in the silo while it is being
filled. If the leaves and lighter parts are
permitted to flutter into one place, and the
"r.-lii-i, ears and heavier portions are allowed to settle by themselves, tbe ensilage
will not keep well.
The mixture is lo be tramped thoroughly around the  sides aud in  the corners of
oil hy potash fertilizers.
The wide differences found in soils afford
a strong argument in favor of home mixed
fertilizers. The special needs of different
soils cannot be considered by I'r.e manufacturer who prepares his fertilizers for general
use. Tbe farmer may, liowsvor, prepare
sucli mixtures ns will meet both the deficiencies of his soil aud the requirements of
his crops.
AyrshireB for the Dairy*
An authority says: "To get tho correct
conception of the position of the Ayresbiro
it would be ne'iessary to consider something
of the composition of milk and what happens to it in cheese making. The solid
constituents of milk are fat, casein, albumen, milk sugar, ash. In butter making
we use only the single ingredient, the fat.
In cheese making, rennet is added, which
coagulates the casein, entangling tho fat
therein, and carrying both casein and tat
into tho cheese, the albumen, the milk
sugar and the ash going off in the whey. A
certain amount of casein can, when coagulated, hold quite a large amount of fat, so
that it is possible to make cheese from both
rich and poor milk, and not have the fat go
off in the whoy; but the rich milk does not
contain so large an amount of casein for
each pound of fat as is contained m the
thinner milk, so that the rich milk does
not make so many pounds of cheese for each
pound of fat present as is made from the
poorer milk. The cheese made from the
rich milk will be a richer cheese than that
from a poorer milk, and as the market will
pay a higher price per pound for this rich
cheese than it will for ordinary cheese, it
would follow that cheese could be made
profitably from the richest of milk, but at
the present time the market will pay a certain price for good average cheese, and it
will be but a very little amount more for
the richest of cheese. It follows, then, that
very rioh milk is worth more to make into
butter than to boused for cheese-making
purposes- The Ayrshire milk is peculiarly
adapted tocheese-makingpurposes, because
the proportion of fat and casein is just about
right for making a good cheese which will
command a full market price, und yet have
no fat wasled in making llie cheese aver
rloh.
A thin layer ol uncut corn stalks should
be put between the " Robertson Mixture"
and llie other contents (if any) of the silo,
iu order to mark llie exact place iu the en-
si luge.
Alter the silo [s filled, the surface should
be levelled and I In-roughly tramped, and
after lhe lapse of not more than one day it
should be covered to a depth of six inches
with gilt straw or cheap fodder. If this be
tramped occasionally, and a foot of cut
straw be put on top of that a few days
later, probably no waste ensilage will be
found .......
The
Green Manuring.
The Farmer's Guide says there seems to
be no occupation in life wherein men are io
generally aver.-e to the paying out money
(or its equivalent) for benefits to be received a little later on, as in farming, aud ������*�����
pecially in relation to feediug the land in
order that it may produce more abundantly
Take green manuring, for instance. If i
man sows a crop for this purpose, half the
time he changes his mind whon it is grown
and harvests and sells it, and this notwith-
the opening of the sihTfor'feed- [standing the fact that unless stock feeding
enters largely into the system of operations
Robertson Mixture" is to be fed green manure must be his main dependence
with 4 lbs, less meal or grain per .'.0 lbs.
or ensilage than has been required with
ordinary Indian corn ensilage to make an
for continued or increasing prosperity. VV
do not begin to mako UBe of this means for
supplying fertility as we would if we could
al ration for feeding milking cows   bring ourselves to pursue a more open hand
and fattening cattle.
ed policy with our hands.   We might of-
Knsilage has eomo tn mean any kind 0f'to', put in a catch crop of oaU, rye or clover
fodder wliioh   is cured and preserved ina   where land is now left bare fo months and
1 by turning them under put solid capita) in
r bank that will pay good dividends iu
presei
succulent state for the feeding of domestic
animals.    The silo has no powor to add any
niilrlont Lo the fodder which is put Into it
for preservation. Its contents may become
future years. Tito general farmer is al'
ways on the safe side iu green manuring
though  he   may  be a stock-keeper also,
more digestible ami palatable by the ohangfil   ��'    .r. *   - . . "   ��������  .1
whleh prooeed slowly under the action of, ^��^T^T\tLV^" "T.Z\��f.!��
ferments, or tbey may become less pleasant
and wholesome, if   fermentation goes too
1 purpose of feeding them out ami returning
the manure to the land, tho chances are
,. j that his appliances for saving the product
Vodder which is deficient in nutrients be- ���" "�� .-���,0*ua* ���*��' nf na" of ,1t8",u
fore i. is nut into a silo will experience no ' where ll ��"�������������� I" turning undo a
regeneration there. Degeneration Intooffen-1 ��reo" "ft-JJS !ff T     m%\�� JS!
sive material is the only and constant tend-' f��We f,f tl,e Valu.R^ e e1"0' J ' e ?���P
, t J decomposes completely m the ground which
To   prevent deterioration and decay is   ifc '8J***** V' enrich, and   enters thon
the function of the silo ; and to that end it - aml th(,ro uPon It8 workt
should be constructed to exclude theatmos-' ���
phere. To do so requires the uso of building material of adequate strength. The!
fastening of the parts, at the foundation and
at the corners of Die silo, should he secure. I
I have found one ply of sound I-inch lumber,
toitgued and grooved, and nailed horizontal-
I v on the inside of studs 2 inches by 10, or
i! inches by 12 inches, to be sullicient.
HOW OYSTERS GfiOW.
When Tliev Are Very Voiinr It Tnke*
���{.wiiMm** nr Tin*in to < over a ff-uirmre
I neb.
The oyster at the commencement   of   its
career is so small that 12,000,000 would only
A clay or earthen lloor is most economi-' occupy a square Inch.   In six months each
cal and is as good as any that can bo put in.   Individual oyster is large enough to cover half
Prof.   Wm. Saunders,   Director   of tbe   acrowneach. Theoysterisitsown architect,
Central  Experimental Station,  and Prof, and the shell grows ns the fish inside grows,
���las.  W.   Robertson agriculturisl, request   being nover too small,
farmers to keep a record of
Please keep a record of ��� ���
11 ] How tho soil was prepared.
|l'J How the seeds were planted.
f.V Tlio dale of planting,
| IJ Tho 'late of cutting.
It also bears its age upon its back, and
it is as easy to tell Did age of au oyster by
looking al its shell nn it is that of horses by
looking at their teeth.
Kvery one wiio has handled an oyster
hell must have noticeil the successive layers
,."i| Tho stage of growth attained by the   overlapping each other.
different plants Of tha mixture. |     These art technically termed shots, and
|li| Tbe yield per acre of Indian corn and   each otic marks a year's growth,   so that
horse beans, I by counting them the age of au oyster cau
P] The yield per acre of sunllower beads,   -,l! determined.
[8] Any   unusual  condition of weather,       Up to the time of its maturity���that  is,
Stteh as heavy storms, frost, etc. [ when 4 years of age���the shots aro regular
|0] Any   ruber occurrence   or 9ondition   *-lu* successive,   hut aft��*r that time they
Which mav affect lhe crop, i become irregular and are piled one upon
A form upon which to report will be sent   another, so that the shell   becomes   bulky
to you in due season.    Please fill it up care     ' ''':"' '
fully and return il here.
Letters on olllolal business can be sent
tree of postage.
��*> - Nitrogenous Fertilizers.
Tbe Connecticut experimental sLatiou has
for years been urging upon the attention of i
farmers  the   value of nitrogenous feeding'
and tliickoned,
Kossil oysters have been seen of which
each shell was nine inches thick, whence
they may bo guessed lo be mora than 000
years old.
Ono to two million oysters are produced
from a single parent and their scarcity is
accounted for hy the fact lhat man is not
the only oyster-eating animal.
The star fish loves the oyster and preys
 n.   The progress of exao"t experiments ��P0''^ unceasinL-ly.   A variety of whelk
bringing on,'the desirability of'such mate- - to- ^OTftJ���, WS ^ -M. l�� K
rials mSre and more clearly? Thus theex-1 at wn,<!Vt ?rZ .lg,,t U.r""gl! T i.he,"
perimonts on the effects of fodder upon the f"'1 B,lck? ll,B i,dl1 "���' throu**h the lloi*'
production of milk ami meat lately made in i niaue.
the United Stales and in Kurope emphasize mt
most forcibly  the need of   rations much I _ -oi-l" "~~
richer in protein than most of our farmers I Raids by a Highwayman-
'-''���'������ Robberies by highwaymen are on the in-
Our crops contain a largo excess of the crease In Now Zealand, The town of New
materials wind, serve ua fuel, while tbe Plymouth has been muoh disturbed ol late
protein compounds, which mako muscle, by a highwayman, who has been making
bone ami milk, are relatively wanting. The perodieal raids upon the town. His last
farmer inprimuniyiesponsiblefor thisstate exploit was at a hotel iu the centre of thc
of affaire, und must be ihe one to take the town. He entered the bar, presented a re-
lust steps loa nm ml It. The protein needed valvar at the barman, and simultaneously
for the use of the Stock kept on the farm held a pistol to the head of nne of Die men
may bo obtained in one of three ways : It who were drinking iu llie bar. He shout-
may lie purchased In the form ofooncentrat- ed, "Do not move or I'll fire."  Tlierewere
oil   feeds,   such as wheat,  bran,  oil meals, live or six persons in the bar at the  time,
i'l��. ; ll may  be obtained   by glowing   the ami, disregarding the warning, they all left
legumes winch are able   Lo obtain nitrogen but one.    The man then  opened the inner
directly fn.m tbe  air aud convert it into bar door and took l.'.s, which was on a tray,
prolein j or It may 1�� obtained by breeding reached dowu a bottle of whisky from a
and importing varieties of grams and grasses shelf, and deliberately marched off.    Thero
richer in nitrogen than those   cultivated, were IS persons in the house at the lime,
In no part of the world, says the Scottish
American, lias Scottish military prowess
been more daringly exemplified than in
Canada, and yet its record there excites
little or no comment outside of the Do-
_. iniou, When public speakers in Scotland
allude to the doings of tbe country's killed
warriors they refer eloquently to India, to
llie Cape, to the continent of Kurope, and
very Beldomsayawordas to what the Highland soldiers accomplished for the British
empire in Canada. And yet, in a great
measure, it was their loyality, bravery,
endurance and daring that preserved that
great Colonial empire to the British Hag.
In the histories of the Dominion such com
mands as those of Fraser's Highlanders, and
auch names as Peter Hunter, Simon Fraser
John Murray, William Drummond and n
host of others, figure largely and honorably ; but lo tho general reader, wo fear
they have no significance. The time will
eome, however, when the services to Britain
of these heroes will bo everywhere fully
recognized.
In innBt American histories whero the
Highland soldiers who fought iu Canada
or the States in early times arc mentioned
thay are referro I to iu a general suit of
way, just as they speak of the Hessians.
On only n lew occasions do tbey descend to
details and Inform us exactly to what par
ticular   regiment
TIIK TROOtfl
moiit-oncd belonged, or what names they
bore. Then tho Black Watch fought many
of their campaigns on this side of lhe Atlantic, but with American writers as our
guide ii is ditlicult lo follow their movements as their individuality Is-yory frequent'
ly lost under the general term of " Highlanders," and we Hnd it impossible to tell,
without r<-f��-miti- bn ot-hor nt>->n-*s>,  .vli,.-.l---i-
tho troops belonged to the Black Watch,
to Montgomery'a brigade, or to the old
Argyle Highlanders raised by John Camp
bell of Barbreek.
In Bancroft's *' History of tl-o United
States" we read, in the account of the siege
of Quebec, I "7/>, that, to aid in the defence
of the stronghold, "Colonel Alan Maclean
arrived ou tlie 12th of November with 170
men, levied chiclly among disbanded Highlanders who had settled in Canada." There
is nothing hero to guide us as to what par
tlcular squad of Highlanders is referred to,
and wo have to go to other soitrcos to lind
that these troops belonged to a regularly
organized command, that the men bad all
served in disbanded regiments, that some
of thom had settled in Carolina, that tlio
number who reinforced the Quebec garrison
was nearly 350, and that the date of entry
was the 13th November.
The Highlanders referred to were the
first battalion of the old 84th Regiment -the
Royal Highland Emigrants. As this command was never in Orcat Britain, as its
term of service was parsed iu America, and
almost entirely in Canadu, ami as ils history is but littio known, it may not bo amiss
to devote tins article to describing iu outline its career.
It was a loug time tho policy of tho British Government to give a grant of land lo
such discharged men in the Highland regiments, serving in this country, as agreed to
nettle down iu the localities selected, and,
as the saying now is, "help lo build thorn
up." The Highlanders made ss good colonists as soldiers, and wore just the very men
who could best toil regardless of
FATI-H'K AN'l* IHSCOMIOIIT
until the laud which was given them was
cleared of its Weed and stone, and brush and
Irec, and was ready to yield a generous
harvest. Some of these veterans, after peace
was declared in l/fi'l, settled in the nortli
em part ot the state of New York, olhei
went as far south as North Carolina, and
there were settlements of Ihem   in various
farts of Canada, notably in Nova Scotia,
ndividual settlers were found all the way
between Canada and Virginia, and they appear to have boon everywhere regarded
with much consideration, and to have onto
ed the fnemhhi*) and good-will of (In
neighbors.
When tho revolutionary trouble began
Britain soon saw thatahe was likely to need
again lhe services of these cast- oil'soldiers,
aud made many ott'urtu to bring them together into compact organizations, It was
almost invariably found thai the highbinders
were as willing as ever to light for tho old
flag. The -��� Royul Highland Emigrants,"
as oue of tho new organizations wns called,
was composed of these veterans, uml they
certainly made that name (or tiieir later
numerical designation, the s-lilijas faniousas
even Fraser's Highlanders, if wc tako time
und opportunity iuto account. The regiment
comprised two battalions, one of which was
raised solely in Nova Scotia and llie nther
mainly in the States,
This battalion from the States���the first
���was brought together by Alan Macleai
son of Maclean of TorloisK, ami one of th
bravest soldiers who ever left Mull, In
April, 177-"', he went secretly into Cat-din, ,
and formed a company there, ami, leaving
them to make lheir way north to the appointed rendezvous lie hurried to other sec
lions to arouse the old soldiers.
That company had rather a rough experience. The country was at that time in a
condition ol open Inutility, and tbe spectacle of a band iff trained soldiers inarching
to the support of a Hag that bad been repudiated was not likely to bo viewed wilh
complacency by the revolutionary sympathizers. Under the command of Capt.
Alox. Maoleod, formerly an offlooi- in
Fraser's Highlanders (the old 78th), they
made their way northward. Crosiing a
bridge over a creek one day they found it
was
DKPKSDKD 11V CAN.V0N
at the other end, and fire was opened upon
then, before they could take uny means to
retreat or protect themselves, In endeavoring to force thc passage Capt. Maclcod was
killed, as were several of tho men. The
rest, when the tight was over, agreed that
it was not judicious to pnss openly through
the country of un enemy, and divided into
small parties, reaching their destination
after undergoing great suffering and escaping many dangers.
When his recruits wcra gathered together Colonel Maclean commenced a series
of forced marches ami entered Quebec j lilt
in time to rt-lnforao the garrison tlieve-
whlch was confronted by a revolutionary
raised iu Nova Suotiu, and was drawn together by Major John Small, formerly a
captain the Black Watch. The battalion
consisted of ten companies, and five of
these were sen! to join the army of Lord
Cornwallis, while the others did Bervloe in
the Maritime Provinces. Their record was
also a grand one. In 177S the two battalions wore formerly designated the S-lth
Regiment, when Sir Henry Clinton was appointed colonel of the united command, and
they were kept under arms until 1783,
when they weie disb: nded. The warriors
were again given a chance to become lairds
in the land they had so
UAI.I.ANTI.V n'KT.FBD
to preserve to their country, and a large
proportion of the first battalion settled in
Ontario, while tho second battalion preferred Nova Scotia, ami gathered in the
township of Douglas, 'lhe captains got
grauts of 3,000 acres of land, subalterns
500, sergeants 200 and privates 100 acres.
They ugaiti proved that tbey were as good
citizens as soldiers, and many of the oldest
families in Canada are proud to claim descent from tbo "Old Kiglity-Fourtb.'*
It may be interesting to note that the
Highlanders uniform consisted of their national costume with sporrans of racoon
skin. They all carried swords, and the officers in addition wero armed with formidable dirks. Tbey were known for their
bravery all over the country. Even the
Indians had wonderful stories to tell of
their prowess, while often the dcspalches to
the Hom-3 Government told bow frequently
the Highlanders were engaged in battle,
ami how almost Invariably "they drove ull
before thom" with both regularity and despatch.
A KOYAL JOUHNEr.
What II  rf'osts 'tii-n-ii   tli'lurlu In Travel.
�����"�����- i>**-*-i-iiiului*sof the cost of the Queen's
holiday abroad will bo fnuud interesting.
All tho arrangements for the journey, lite
renting of llie hotels, their disposition for
the Ouceirsoccupaiiou.aud all othor details
are iu the hands of Mr. Dosso, the Queen's
courier. He is the successor lo Kanuc, and
quite us able a man.
The rent of the two hotels at Cost a belie,
whero tho Queen spent her holiday last
year, was fixed at 40,000 francs for four
weeks, aud if her Majesty remained five
weeks, I lien 110,000 francs was to bu paid,
II the Queen had only stopped four weeks
M. 1'oyron, tbo proprietor, would have been
a loser by his bargain.
As it was, ho made no profit, becauso tho
Hotels Knr.itagc and OoBtahclle ure alwayi
full ut this period of the season���it is lheir
harvest Mine, just when visitors arc leaving
the Riviera rosorls farther east, us tbey
slop at Hyeres and at Coslubclle en route
for England���ami he hud to spend u lurge
sum of money hi laying out tho grounds,
repainting uud decorutiug, nnd otherwise
making the place to the Queen's liking.
Tbe Queen's chef does his own buying, so
thut the hotel proprietor makes nothiu.- out
of lhe food supplied ; and altogether her
Majesty can scarcely bo called a profitable
client.
This is for the time being. As an invest'
ment, however, she is gold itself. The
hotel atGrasse for instance, has been crowded over since.
Then, as to the cost of tho special train.
This is in the bauds nf Mr Dosso also. He
has to arrange with tbe different railway
companies as to the most, suitable times for
the trains to pass over their nystems so that
there shall boa " clear line." Ho pays a
representative of each company, who waits
upon him al one of the principal ululions
in route, as her Majesty prefers to have n
outstanding accounts.
The cost of the special from Cherbrurg t
Hyeres was    about   ��2,000)    *l',aL    f'**11
Hyeres   to Darmstadt ��1,500; and   from
Darmstadt to Rushing about ��1,000 will be
paid.
Add to this the coat of living for tlio
Queen and suite of nearly oue hundred persons, of gas, beating and lighting, hire of
carriage's, Lhe Qiieon s special laundry, conveyance .if her horses, carriages, and stablemen, lo and from Windsor, and the tola!
cost of the six weeks spent abroad amounts
to nearly ��10,000.
Oroat pi-ccauljons are always taken en
I'Ollte during the passage of lhe royal train
for the safety of Her Majesty. In addition
to a skilled engineer, who travels wilh thc
Court, uud often drives the train, there is
a special man iu that train, whoso duty
it is lo examine ull the carriages, ami especially ihe Queen's ualoons, ut every stoppage to see thut there is uo heuttug of tbe
axles, lhat the wheels ure sound, uud the
liko.
How the Ocean Became Salt-
Prof. Edward  Hill read a paper beforo
tho Victoria Institute  recently on " How
lhe waters of lhe ocean became suit."   From
an Inquiry into the character and affinities
f the organic forms of past geological ages,
the conclusion was justified thut the waters
of the ocean must have been salt from vory
early geological times, but it by uo means
followed lhat Ihey were as fully saline us
those of the present day. There were two
ways by which they might account for the
salinity of the ocean waters from very early
periods of geological time. First, by supposing that the primeval waters were saturated with acid gases which wore held in
suspension in the vapor surrounding the
incandescent globe ; or, secondly, thai the!
salinity resulted from u process resembling '
lhat by which salt lakes of the present day
hud been formed, He thought that tbey
must concur with Dr. Sterry Hunt, that
from some cause or other chlorine largely
abounded in the waters of tbo primeval
ocean, us by far tlie greater proportion of
the salts wore chlorides, ami chlorine wus
but very slightly represented in river
waters of tho present day.
From Hie examples of closed lakes they
could determine the processorsuliuifiuatioii
with the utmoBt certainty. Tliroughou
greater or shorter periods these lakes hud
been receiving the vaters of rivers, bringing down mechanically suspended sediments
and chemically dissolved salts, silicates,
and carhotinte-i. The sedimenls wero preolp
ilnted over tho bottoms of the lakes, ami
the water being carried nd iuto i In- attnos
pliero in tho form of vapor as far as it on
tereil, left behind the dissolved iugrodioul-1.
These necessarily augmented in quantity,
army under Benedict Arnold,   [tli allowed and ultimately the waters of ihe lakes be
that the successful defence of Ouol-cc wus
mainly due to Col. Maclean and his gullaul
Highlanders,   Evory move made by Arn
old (and however he may be judged it can
not be denied that he was a skillful soldier
was met, and the combined assault made
under General Arnold aud (ienerut Montgomery was resisted with a degree of skill
and bravery that won the admiral ion oven
of tho enemy.    For  the   latter,  however,
this great assault had a
l-KOUr-IARbV SAD
termination, for one of its incidents was
the death of Oonerul Montgomery,  one of
the noblest soldiers in the army.     In  17"-!i
he had taken part iu another   attack   on
Quebec, and was n it far   from    Uonoral
Wolfe when that hero fell victorious, t*nd
closed Ins eyes with   tho knowledge that
his   great   venture   had   been   successful,
Montgomery died under very similar circumstances, except for the shadow of defeat.
After this disaster Arnold arranged bis
forces so as to prevent any supplies  being
received in the elty, and the garrison bad
to endure great privations. Colonel Maclean shared iu all tho hardships of his men,
and his own courage and determination
seemed to inspire every ono, Arnold got
tired of the seeming endlessness of the
siege after a while uud commenced active
hostilities, but the Quebec forces wero
more than a match for him, and after several repulses the Amorteun soldiers were
withdrawn ami Arnold roei-osscd the   St.
AWrence. The service of the Highlanders
did not terminute with lhe saving of Quebec, howovor. Tbey were sent on many
minor expeditions, and always acquitted
themselves with honor. ;
The second battalion of this regiment waa1
came saturated with salts and carbonates,
which were then deposited. The ocean
wus a closed lake of enormous magnitude,
und they wero lints brought to the C
elusion that the salttiess of the sou might
have originated In very muoh the same way
as hud i hut of tho Dead Sea, Luke Oroomiab,
or tbe Great Salt bake of Utah, und many
others which possessed ir. common tho
characteristic of having no outlet. When
the great envelope of vapor which surround
ed tile incandoscent globe began to condense upon its cooling surface, lho resulting waters, though containing, as Dr.
Sterry Hunt supposed, acid gases, wero
destitute of saline ingredients. The process
of sulinilicution begun with the first streams
which entered the seas from the old bordering uplands, and this process curried ou
throughout the long uges preceding the
Silurian period, brought the waters to a
condition suited to sustain tho life of forms
of inhabitants representative of those which
Inhabited the ocean at the present day.
These long ages might bo supposed lo include not only tho archiean and azoic
periods, but thut during which the first
crust was In course of formation over the
Incandescent globe.
Denmark allows every subject, male or
female, who is 110 years of ugo, a small pension.
latarrlial alloeiions uro almost unknown among Quakeresses, Thii freedom
from a disease common among other people
lue (o the fact that the Quaker bonnet
itects lho back of the head and neck
in cold air.
AN ANCASTEH MIBACLE.
Bestored to Health After being Given up
by Four Doctors.
Tiie Renarkaule Case ��r�� Copetown ��������������>'
���.tmieteii wiiii Paralysis, snirrriiia
Intense Agony ami r-rono'tinced incur-
aMe-She is Again Keslored to Health]
ami riaor-Hhe Tells Her Slury Tor Ihe
Item.in oi* mil--*- ���-iinvrer-'.
Dundas Star.
During the past two years many of our
most reputable exchanges have given ac-
counts of wonderful cures occurring iu the
localities in which they were published.
These cures were all effected by a remedy
that has made for itself the most remarkable reputation of any medicine ever
brought before the notice of the public;
so remarkable indeed that it is a constant
theme cf conversation, and tho nanu
among the most familiar household words.
We rotor to Dr. Williams' Pink Dills for
Pule People. Many of the cases published
told the story of people given up by the
doctors, and who were on lhe vety threshold
of the other world when Dr. Williams'
Pink Pills woro brought to thoir notice.
The cases reported were in most instances
distant from Dundas und for this reason
might not be considered ol more than passing interest. For the past month, now-
over, tho report wus current in town of n
wonderful cun* accomplished by these same
pills in the township of Anoasior. It was
stated that Mrs. D. S. Horning, wife of a
prominent farmer, residing about u mile
west of tho village of Oonetown nnd
seven miles from Dundas, had bcou given
up by the doctors und that she bud been
cured by Or. Williams' Pink Pills. So
great wus the interest taken in tho oat
that The Star decided io investigate it and
a few days ago a representative wont up to
thc Horning homestead for that purpose.
lu passing through Copetown ho learned
thnt very little else was talked of but tho
remarkable recovory of Mrs. Horning. Pos
sibly the fact that both Mrs. Horning and
her husband were born in tho immediate
neighborhood, and are presumably known
to everybody in llie country around, in
creases the interest in the case. Tbe Star
man on arriving at the Horning residence
was admitted by Mrs. Horning horsolf. Sho
looked the picture of health, and it was
hard to believe that she was the same woman who was at death's door four months
ago. in answer In the question as to
whether she hud any objection to giving a
history of her case for publication, Mrs.
Horning replied that she had not-. "I con
alder thut my recovery was simply miraculous; I givo Dr. Williams' Pink Pills all
the credit, and lain willing that everybody
should know ubout il." Mrs. Horning then
gave tho fellowing history of her remark-
able recovery.
"A year ago 1 was taken ill with what
the doctor called spinal affection, which
dually resulted 111 partial paralysis, my
legs from the knees down being completely
dead. My tongue was also paralyzed. Ou
the first of duly last I took to my bed,
when, I laid for four mouths. No tongue
cautellwli.it I suffered. I was sensible
all the time and knew everything that was
going on, but 1 could not sleep for the intense pain In my head. Our family doctor
said i could not live, and three other doctors culled in consultation agreed with him.
I felt myself that it would be only a short
time until death would relieve mo of iny
sufferings- Neighbors camo in ; 2,'�� or .'10
every day, und every time they went
away expecting that it wus the last time
they would see me alive.      1  <|ilit  taking
doctor's medicine and gave up all hope.
About four months tgo a friend came in
ami read anoccounl in tho Toronto Weekly
News of the miraculous recovery of an old
soldier named IS, P. Hawley, an inmate of
tbo Michigan Soldiers' Home, at Grand
Rapids. The Btory be told exactly tallied
with my condition, and it was on that
account that 1 decided to give Dr. Williams' l'mk Pills a trial, When 1 began
taking Pink Pills I was so ill that I
could only take half a pill ut a timo for
the first few days. Then I was able to
lake a whole one after each meal, and li
COlithiuod taking thom. After 1 had taken
ovor n box I begun to experience a atrangi
tingling sensation all over my body, and
from that mil i begun lo improve,
month I could walk with 1 cane or by using
a chair, from one room to another. My
general health also improved. In fact my
experience was that of the old soldier,
whose case had induced me to give the pills
a trial. While taking tho pills ut lho outset I had my legs bathed with vinegar and
silt and rubbed briskly. It is now four
months since I begun taking the Pink Pills,
and from u living skeleton, racked incessantly with pain, 1 have as ynu seo bco
transformed into n comparatively well woman, lam doing my own housework this
week and am free from all pain and sleep
Well. When my neighbors come to sie me
thoy arc amazed, und I cun toll you there
is great faith in Dr. Williams' Pink Pills
iu tide section, and many ate using them
When I begun taking Pink Pills I made up
my mind thut if I got beltor I would have
the ease published for the benefit of others
and I am glad ynu called us I um sine 1
would now be dead, if it bud not baon for
Pink Pills."
Mrs, Horning statedthat shu porch
ihel'ink Pills at Mr. Comport's drug store In
Dundas, and Mr. Comport informed us that
bis sales of Piuk Pills uro largo und constantly Increasing.
Dr, Williams' Pink Pills are u perfect
blood builder und nerve restorer, curing,
such discuses us rheumatism, neuralgia,
partial paralysis, locomotor ataxia, St
Vitus' Dunce, nervous prostration and tli
tired feeling therefrom, the after effects of
la grippe, diseases depending ou humors in
the blood, such as scrofula, chronic crysip
elas, otc. Pink Pills give a healthy glow to
pule and sallow complexions and are a spool-
tic for the troubles peculiar to the female
system and in the case of men they effect u
radical cure in all cases arising from mental
worry, overwork, or excesses of any nature.
These Pilla are manufactured by the Dr.
Williams' Medicine Company, of Brock-
Ville, Out., and Schenectady, N. Y., and are
sold only in boxes bearing the firm's trade
mark ( printed in red ink) and wrapper, at
50 cents u box, or six boxes for 93,SO. Bear
in mind that Dr. Williams' Pink Pilla are
never sold in bulk, or by the dozen or hundred, and any dealer who oilers substitutes
in tbia form is trying to defraud you and
should be avoided. The public are also
cautioned against all other so-called blood
builders and nervo tonics, no matter what
name may he given thom. They are all
imitations whose makers hope to reap a
pecuniary advantage from the wonderful
reputation achieved by Dr. Williams' I'ink
Pills for Pale People and rofuse all im Ita-
lions and substitutes.
Dr. Williams' Pink Fills may bo had of
all druggists or direct by mail from Dr. I
Williams'Medicine Company from cither
address. Tho price at which theso pills
are sold makes a course of treatment comparatively inexpensive as compared with
other remedies or medical treatment.
Mr, Da eld M, Jordan
ol |-dme.it hi, N. Y.
Colorless, Emacirted, Helplesf
A    Complete     Cure    hy     BOOD'i
8UISAPA11ILLA,
This i-i from Mr. D. M. Jordan, a r*?
tired farmer, and ont; of the most iu
spected citizens of Otsego Co., N. Y.
" Fm:tici*ii years ngo I had an nttack of ttrt
gravel, and have since been troubled Willi in]
Liver and Kidneys
gradually growing worse. Three years uro I
"Ot down so low tint11 cf'iilil ������'ii.*-i-i�� -.villi.
looked iiiore like ii corn io llinn a living being
hud no uj'pcllte und lor live weeks I au
uolhi-i-- but fjriit-l. 1 wus badly einueiiileu
and had no more color thin n tuui-blu win inc.
Mood's .Siir->:t|iiiriil;i was r.-coiiuueiiiled Mid I
Ilium-lit I would try il. Oetbrc 1 hud llnhhe.l
tho first botllc I uoilceu licit I fell, better, suf
fered less Mic ir.iliiiuiiiiiliuu of llie blnil-
der bad subil'HI. lh" '���"I"1' hewm lu relurn ti
lev face, and I b. j-ii*' l���� l>el bnuury. After
'bad liiken tin "' " "
"German
Syru
Splitting the Difference-
Scotch Minister (portentously) i "James,
this is a very dreadful thing 1 Vou luvo
heard there is i'l missing from tho box ""
.lames (the beadle who is strongly suspected) : " -Deed-Sir, so tbey were telling mo."
Minister (solemnly): '-James, you and 1
ulono hud uccess to thut box."
.lames : "Jt is just as you say, sir, it
must lie between us tv-u, and the beat way
'II bo you to pay the tae half and I'll pay
the tithcr, and suy na tuair about it."
Two bane-hall clubs, composed entirely
of young ladies, have been formed in Kast
Luke, Ma.
It's sometimes said patent me'jcinos aro
for the ignorant. The doctors foster this
idea, " The people," wu'ro told, "
mostly ignorant when it comes to medical
science," Supposo thoy aro ! What a sick
man needs ia not knowledge, but a cure,
and tlio medicino that cures is the medicine
for the Sick. Dr. Pierce's (loldcn Medical
Discovery cures the " do believes " and the
'���don't believes." There's no heailance
about it, rib "If'��� nor "possibly," ltaayi
--" 1 can cure you, only do ae I direct."
Perhaps it hi ils occasionally. The makers
bear of it wheu il doos, becutisothey never
keep tho money when the medicine fails to
do good. Suppose the doctors went ou lhat
principle. (We beg the doctors' pardon, It
wouldn't do)	
Choking, sneezing ami every other form
of catarrh iu the head, is radically cured
by Dr. Sago's Catarrh Remedy. Fiftycents.
Suid by druggists everywhere.
It is estimated that Unite, Mont., will
produce 130,000,000 pounds of copper this
year.
Dr. Harvey's Southern Red Pino for
coughs und colds is tho mosl reliable and
perfect cough medicine In the market. For
sale everywhere.
"A legal fence" had been defined in
Kentucky as oue lhat is "pig tight, horse
high aud bull strong."
$10  Worth fur   ��0 Cents-ts
something unusual, but it seems this is whul
every one gets whu purchases Mrs, I1.. M.
Jones' tumous book "Dairying for Profit, or
tbo Poor Man's Cow." A leading farmer
writes, "1 have ���������" book on Dairying,
price 910 ; practically, Mrs, dunes'book is
worth more !" Mrs. donesia known all over
the U, S. aud Canada, Her Herd has madi
a inagnitieeut success, winning 1st pri/n
everywhere for years, also 26 largo medals,
gold all vor,and broiiee) solid silver cup (value N.'iuui won at Ki-llogg's New York sale,
beautiful Silver Tea Set, given by the
Fanner's Advocate for three best dairy
cows of any breed, also hundreds nf nl her
firlzcs; diplomas ami sweepstakes. Her
intter brings far tho highest price in I 'un-
u'lu for her whole output, li.lHHi lbs a year.
Any oue can make the same profit il they
rord nud follow her plain, common sense
methods. Her book tells lho whole Btory,
and can bo got by sending .'ID cents to Holier! Drown, agent, box '.V2-i Hrockville,
Ontario, Canada.
Five ministers of Macon, Mo., are being
tried upon the charge of libel for publishing
a circular denouncing a school in which
danoiug is taught.
A. P. 0(11).
Vili'-r*-, ''oiiRuniptloii, Coughs,Croup,Sore
TlirORt. Sold by r.ll L>iiij*|-if.U on a Guarantee.
Fora j.ir.18 Side, Had: or Chest Shiloh'a Porous
Planter will give erer.t smi-f-iciioa.���is cents.
kCATARRH
'REMEDY.
Have you Catarrh!* Tills Itemcdy will relievo
and dure ycu. Price 60ota> This injector Tor
its successful treatment free.  Remember,
Bhllob-s ltemedloaaro eold ou a guarantee.
I.tOlt   SI It-llll I'l IOV    IIOOKH,    IUIIII-.
f1   ,i\�� tun us, write lo William Brlggi
Publisher, Toronlo MR
mOUONTO (JUTTING  SCHOOL OFFJERS
.1. unprecedented firiilltie.-i for acquiring n
thorough knowledge of ('luting In oil IU
branohesi also agents for tho McDowell Draft'
ing Machine. Write for circulars, r.i3 Yongo St.
Pfr;Ti:KiioKm:<-ii <a\oi: rot'., <i,m
Successors toOnlurio t'unoo Co., (Ltd.
Makers of Peterborough Canoes for Hunting
Fishing, Shooting Skill's, Sail Bouts, Stoum
launches.  Bond8eontstamp for Catalogue
WANTKD���Ladles or young mon to tike
light, nlousiuit work nl. their own
homos, ?i to |3 per day can lie qulol ly mado.
\\ ork sent, by mull. No canvassing- address
Standard Manufacturing Company. Lock.Hox
b>7. South Framingbiim, Muhs. Kneloso
h tumps.
iiiilileulunyllilng
1 got so hungry
lav.   1 have now
botlti
wilhout hurting IHO.
Unit 1 hud lo cut r.
fully recovered, thanks to
Hood's Sarsaparilla
il Mel well nm) mi' ��*ii. ah win. know
lUCIUUIVellO-C* 1110 SO WOll."   IJ. M. JUK-MX
MOOD'S Pll.L-* ������"''���   ������' -tr,rter--JlnnerPills
e,r.--' i ihueitlou ewe lioadaolio ami liillouincBii,
DO YOU IMAGINE
That jicoplo would have been regularly using
our lollol Hoap* slnco 181'- Iforty-sovon long
j cuiv-i If they bud not boon HOOD/ The public
are not fools und do not continue lo buy goods
unless they ure sutlsfnetory.
 HBARLB.
FRAZER AXLE
Best in the World!
Get the Genuine
Sold Everywhere
GREASE
r.lORIltON I-KNOWG, or Ornamental Iron
'    Works, send for
Pence and  Ornamental	
luideSt. West. Jos, L&A-Manager.
I'ututogue.    Toronto
Iron works, r.l Ade-
CONSUMPTION
V.iliial.te (realise and Iwo Untie, of medicine mil l-'ree I
..pi. hiill.T.'t,   I.in. li.pi.'.l Ul��l i'u.l HHin'  iddles..    |'   /
M.LILIIM O. LU..leuWt.l Adelaide Miee'   .'u.onl.., Ont.
WHS"   BTJ-jr
n Hoot or HIiontlintilfloR
not. tit.   Why imtiirtli your
BOlC itiiittmiiiitiiiK lo form
fmll Loa boot or slum.
Wo mftko   our
Boot* mill Slioiw
fiotnlwotOHlXilir
(oris nt
Willt'H
AHkrortho J. D, King & Co.. Ltd., perfect rib
iik Kooiin, and bg nappy.
Tin; majority of wdl-read physicians now believe that Consumption is a germ disease. In other
words, instead of bting in the constitution itself it is caused by innumerable small creatures living in the
lungs having no business there aud
eating them away as caterpillars do
the leaves of trees.
A Germ The phlegm that is
coughed up is those
Disease.        parts of  the lungs
which have been
gnawed off and destroyed. Tliese
little bacilli, as the genus are called,
are too small to be seen with the
naked eye, but they arc very much
alive just the same, aud cuter the
body in our food, in the air we
breathe, and through the pores ol
the skin. Thence they get into the
blood and finally arrive at the luiigs
where they fasten and increase with
frightful rapidity. Then German
Syrup comes in, loosens them, kills
tliem, expella them, heals the places
they leave, and so nourish and
soothe that, in a short lime consumptives become germ-proof and well, ill
Yes, but feed ItwItliScotl'sEmuhion.
Feeding the cold kills II, and nu one
can afford h> have a cough or co!d,uCUtc
and leading to consumpHoD, lurking
around him.
SCOTT'S
EMULSION
Of pure Norwegian Cod fAver
Oil and llyimphosphihn
strengthens Weak Lungs, checlts nil
Wasting Diseases and ia :i remarkable
Flesh Producer,   Almost as Palatable as
Milk, l-ri-twirwl only b**8��tttBo��UB,B��llerlllo.
reSSi~fifs��
F YOU WOULD SAVE TIME AND MONEY
BUY A
KKW WILIiUIS SRiTOI 'nilin\t:
Agcnti over j* wli cro,
..liTIFHiU. LIMBS
J. DOAN & SON.
For Ciroular Adflrosn,
tfiil 11 Northcote ,ivo�� '1'i.rout
3LS393
CATALOQUE
SEEDS
jtJt nnft mailed freo Jo nil npnllcanto.
rnrofiilly Miliii'U'ii l*\-nn '}���"��� (1*1'.'"'1.' *T1*'
]\ ttruiii. flmlfto Plnwor SpwI*. I pan
,i,l Glovor Boode,    Biioolftl   mli-mlmi
Knellnfitt-
124 McQiH 91
Montreal.
-mill to Corn
WM.EWINC&CO.
[ladies era
TAIMIIIS' SIM'AKKS.
ISatlirfltciron gunranlfod loloncllliull
Uiufull mi nf milling nil mnni!iil.i
Worn hy Indie, and chlMioii,
I PROF. SMITH, 392 QUEEN ST. W.,TO,;0Nro
.\nniU U'mitoil.
MUSIC
nnd Music Bookai.f every
.dust-rlptiiin.    All MnilM Of
Mimical    Instrumonia.
Maiiiil.i-'lnvtti i-i UamJ Instrument*, Drumo.&c.
Music Engravers, Prln-
-tern and Publisher*.
Tlio largest a'.-t.U  in
���Canada to ohooio from.
riot our prices before purchasing I'lapwln-ro, nnil n-ivi*
money.   i'.H.i for GMtitogtM,
mentioning gotuls rtqttutit.
WHALEY, ROYCE &.CO .Toronto
CURES
ASTHMA!
FREE
-DR.TAFPS
tsnni u.i:\
dives a Nlghtfl
Sweet Sloop and
-   -       *'    ecd nol,
jTiBplnR
fear of
���       jivenlliti
of name nnd RO.Addrofia
will timi.il Trial  IInlMi-
Dr.T>t*TBBOB.MBmo
Co., Uoehostor, N.Y.
Canadian oih.t, iso A.i-hi.io Stroot West,
Toronlo.
Don't wait, till Bprlng
is post beforo trying
K. D. 0, li oloamoa
and linrila tlio atomaoli,
luvlfionitos nmi tonea
Hid ��������� utoiii.    No nllior
tollie neeile.l.   Tulle il
now.      Ifreo  sample
mailed to any address
K.D.G. COMPANY (LIMITED)
RKW <l!i.l.WOW, tf, ft, ���HANAIM,
OrltT MTATKST.JIOSTON, MAH��>,
Mention litis paper,
Havo nil tlio lalost imjirovi'iiii'hl.'i.   "Hi-mire
anil got ono for your btlggyi   Thoy am liolter
than ovor for 181KI.
Daniel Con hoy, if!.r. KlngBt,    ..Toronto,
St. Leon   Mineral  Water
IMi iinpiii'al-
BH, Ivll-loix'il
'Ileal profos-
nmondefl by
nit or rollovert
a, nmi iinnrccl-
all who nie it,
ot. rail lo oon-
���HOCOH-t, lieHihVi
in- all the ehi-
i'- a medicinal
U'r
il   ii
for
ST. LEON aUNKRAb
WATKUCO. il.Tl),),
Itend olllco, ICIng hi .
WoaMImiioIiiiOYcngo
Slrool, Toronto.
All DriiRffW*-, Oroocr
ami   Uolel.'.
Iliitu-I open-) I .'-Hi   June,
Holol JilauaKei-,
AI.  A.
THOMAS HIS HEIRESS
OH,   LOVE   IS   ALWAYS   THE   SAME.
CHAPTER VIII.
" Yon !" Tho ward falls from Mme. von
Thirsk as though without her knowledge,
Dor oyos are fixed coldly u,.on Muriel.
" Yea, it is I," returns Muriel, calmly ;
"I wasuuxioua to see this part of the house,
but Mrs. Stout has told me that it is to-you
I must come for the keys of it."
Mra. Stout, has dropped a courtesy and
is out of aiglit, upon tho uppoaraace of madamo. ���
"lbIs true that my ronms lie beyond
here," answers madame now. She has quite
recovered herself, and proceeds very deliberately tn lock the door behind her.
Tlio act ion is significant, and Lady Branksmere draws her next breath somewhat
quickly.
"Yourrooms. Yes," aho aays, with a
coolness. " I would not interfere with them,
as long as ynu remain here ; lint Mrs. Stout
tells mo thero arc at least seven apartments
in this wing."'
" Six," corrects madame, amiably."
" What 1 wish to see,*' continues Muriol,
stolidly, "are the rnnina put of those Hix
that you tlo not occupy. Your boudoir,
your bedroom, aro your own ; but the
oiherst-1
" Tho others," echoes madamo, with an
expressive1, ittlo shrug. "Ah! You do
not know, perhaps, that 1 do \ littio dilU'
tantt painting, dust quite a very little.
But it is u joy to mo, and I hate that tho
servants sbonjd meddle with my affairs,
and���"
" Hut six moms lor painting,'' interrupts
Lady Branksmoro, ruthlessly.
" Not altogether, you will understand."
Then, with graceful politeness, " You de-
slro thowiug, perhaps! IthaBboeu, up to
this, apportioned to your husband's grandmother, aho being,'unfortunately, attached
to it for many ceasins��� and to mo it ia convenient, as being uoar.tober, so that at any
moimmt, nil-lit. nr day, 1 may roach her
without .disturbing the household ; but, if
you wish it"���blandly���" weeau, of course,
move, wo���'*
���'I do not wish to disturb Lady l-ranks-
moro in uny way," protests Muriel, haughtily, "i.merely expressed a desire to seo
this portion of my own liousc."
"All !"shoBayfc with an agreeable little
smile, ami slips tbo Key she holds into her
pocket,
"It appears, then, that I cannot';" she
says, with a pale smite,
" If, Indeed, I might still consider this
small portion of your liousc" (wilh a peculiar bow) "as belonging to mo and my
patient, Lady 11 rank sine ro, 1 should be
grateful," returns madamo, meekly.
'* You say lhe servants aro forbidden to
en lor your rooms," she says, lookingstraight
ot madamo. " No onc, thon, has access
thero lave yourself';"
"And Mrs Brooks. She It is" (pointedly)
"who summons mo at night to the bedside
of���my patient���-whan tny presence there
is necessary, which" (wilh slow force) " is
very frequently,"
" Mrs. Brooks only';"
" I havo Bald." returns madamo decisive"So?" says Lady Branksmoro. "It
nemos a pily, madame, you will permit no
one to aeo these paintings of yours, which,
lam sure, are well worth a visit."
She turns away with an insolent uir, ami
goes down the gallery with her usual slow
and stately step.
She stops short when she has turned n
corner, and Is out ot sight of her foe, ami
clinches her biiuda wilh uncontrollable
passion.
Suddenly all the passion dies from her
face. She --rows singularly calm, lint her
lips as Bhe moves onward seem to have taken
a haul, stern, determined lino
From the south gallery comes the sound
of many voices anil much Iaii|*hter, and
tho welcome olatter ol cups and saucers:
ttie breath of innumerable roses mingled
wilh the fragrant odor of the Steaming tea,
floats on tho air.
Tho walls aro sparsely studded with
priceless plates of hideous colors and do-
slant*, and Oil a largo black rug a little
sleepy puss is snoring blissfully. Taken as
a whole, it is a charming picture, ami Udy
Branksmoro, standing on thc Persian mat
before the lire, in a tea gown of ancient
brocade, completes it.
She is miking to old Lady Primrose���a
placid person with corkscrew   ringlets and
a liosirabioson���affd is smiling kindly. She
Is looking pale aud slender and extremely
beautiful.
.Everybody is talking nmro or loss, und
the soft hllbbub caused by the voices grows
drowsy. Somebody al tho upper oml of tho
gallery is playing the piano very delicately
���almost in a whisper as it wero.
Ai this moment it servant i In-own wide
the tapestry hangings at tho end of the gal-
lory and announcesi
"Captain Staines."
CHAPTER IX.
[involuntarily Lord Branksmoro lifts his
oyes and turns them upon his wife.
"['hope Jenkins was in timo to meet
your train 1 Ho sl-trlod rather late," says
I.aily r.ranksmoro, advancing so very Indolently to Welcome the new-comer, that 08
his baud touches hers she is still on the
border of the Persian rug. Her unconcern
in so complete, so utterly without effort
(apparently) that Branksmoro draws a
breath of'passionals relief. Ho bail almost forgotten whore ho was in his eager
examination of bis wife's features, until
startled into remembrance by a whisper at
his Mill'.
It is scarcely a whisper, either, rather n
word or two spoken involuntarily. Mine,
von Thirsk h standing beside bim. As
Muriel's cold, meumired touoa meet her ear
she draws a breath of admiration,
" Magnificent!' hIio says.
" What?" hu asks, sharply, turning
abruptly to her.
"Thatold brocade;" with a littio super
odious glance al Muriel's loilot, and an
ambiguous smile.
"I sayI" says Mrs. Amyot, "that is
Captain Staines, isn't il? Some llttjo Btory
about bim wasn't there';"
"I novel* hoard It amounted to thai,"
drawls Mrs. Vyner, " He was very decidedly eprls wilh her betore her uiurriuge,
b ill -"
" With whom?"
"Lady Hruukstuore, of course, Why
what were you alluding lo?"
" Ah? so! Hadn't a notion of such an
affair as that. Hut really one never knows
what those Immaculate-looking women are
going lo be up to noxt. In love wilh him
before marriage, you say. And now she
has him bore':"
" Ity  llranksniere's dciiiro,  not here,    H
wan Urank'smoro himself who specially
invited him."
"Ah 1 now, that was kind I" exclaims
Mrs. Amyot.
" What's tho joke !" asks Halkett, dropping into tho chair nearest to her; " Anything I may hoar without detriment to my
morals 1"
" Una knows so little about them," hoai-
tales Mrs. Amyot.
"Tbey   are   unobtrusive,   certainly.     I
ent age !" Hero she leans a litllo toward
her friend. "My little story was uotyours,"
she murmurs- confident iully. "Sen time nt
hud nothing to do with it. It was something else. Gambling debts, a row of soim
sor. iu somo club abroad. To tell you tho
truth, 1 am always rather vague about my
little stories unless the subjects of them
happen to be���"
"Your intimate friends," interposes
Halkett.
" Ah ! make it acquaintances. It Bounds
better," returns Mrs. Amyot.
" Talking ot them," yawns Mrs. Vyner,
"did you ovor soo any one wear liko
Madame von Thirsk ? How she chooses her
gowns ! Il's a talent���positive talent !
Thirty, it a day, ami doesn't look twenty-
two. 1 hope when I'm run thirty I'll look
half as well."
" When will that bol " isks Mrs. Amyot
mischievously,
"Never 1" calmly. " 1 havo made up
my mind to go from twenty-eight lo fifty
in a week. But pay attention to madame.
Sho is worth it,"
" Sho is very careful, certainly, nnd ahe
is foreign. The latter counts a grout
deal."
" 1 think il is all thoso dear littio soft
high frills she wears round her throat,"
says Mrs, Amyot, rclleelivoly. "Nothing
betrays one liko tho throat. But 1 don't
admiro bur us much as you do. Thero is a
sly, catty look about her that annoys mo.
If I wero Lady Hnuiksmoro���"
" Well I"
"I should give hor hor walk ing-papers
straight off,'*
"You should remember how good she
has been to Branksmere all thoso years ���or
at least lo his grandmother," murmurs
Mrs. Vyner, demurely. "And thon���ho
has asked Captain Staines tohlshouse. Thoro
is Hitch a thing as gratitude."
" Oh 1 llranksincro'ii all right," says
Halkett, suddenly. "And Lady IJraiiks-
more���- "
Is handsome enough to upset - all our
apple-carts," laughs Mrs. Amyot. " Thore
fore, wo owe her one. But Captain Staines?
Hn wouldn't suit me, at all events."
" 1 wonder who would?" asks Halkett,
oarelosflly.
You do admirably," retorla she, aauei-
���y*
No���no more tea, thank you, Mr. Bellow,"   says   Mm.   Amyot,   looking up at
Clinton.    " But you can givo me something
���information about that Iii tic woman
iu tho window talking lo madamo."
That is Mis. Daryl. A now-coincr nl-
toaolhcr. She married Billy I'nryl lately,
or he married her. I'm not sure which.
Anything else I can do for you ?"
' Yon," Go back to Margery," with a
smile. "So," turning to Lord Primrose,
who had just joined them, "That is Mrs.
Daryl?   Big heiress, wasn't shev"
Yes. Sho was the only child of her
father, and ho was it rag and bone mer-
���luint."
" Not at nil," corrects Mrs. Vyner.
"Three lovely golden bulls bung before his
loot-, and���"
"Sho didn't gel a penny from her father,"
interrupts iialkett. " There was an old
general something or othor, nn uncle of
hers, who enriched her. You'll like hei*.
She'n real grit, as they say iu her early
home."
St range i-i arc often Interesting. I shall
make myself pretty to bor," says Mrs.
Amyot. " Uy the bye, she appears to know
Captain Stafues, at. all events !"
iVith aoino people al nil events, it up-
pears be is hardly a favorite ; Colonel Vyner receives his advances but coldly, and
Lord Primrose grows even more devoted to
Lady Anne as he draws noar.
Staines, turning suddenly round, finds
himself face to face with Mra. Daryl.
This is a .surprise, is iL not ?" amilos she
calmly. "But 1 should have given you
credit for being proof against all casualties
of such a nature. Have you never yet
taken that to heart!"
" Willy--" begins be, confuse;!ly.
"Mrs. Daryl���" interrupted elie, icily,
und turns away.
" I beg your pardon." exclaims be, foi.
lowing her further into tho window recess.
"1 know nothing, remember that. You
arc married, tbonl and to Daryl? Ity-love!
You -you uro Lady llianks'iiore'Hsister.iii-
law ?"
"Yes. Why should the fact cause you
emotion !" asks aha contemptuously.
" It doesn't," returns he-.
" Is that so? Then why huve you grown
sored';" demanded Mrs. Daryl, "Look
hero, ir.y friend ! if you havo come down
here with the Intention of making it un.
pleasant for anybody, I'd advise you to
chuck up that intcntioiiasspeedily as possible,    I'm here too I"
" I don't seo why you attack me liko
l|ils,"aaid Staines, sulkily. Then suddenly
ho lifts bis head and looka at her ; " can't
we be friends''." oaks he.
" Friends''   No !"
" Nol foes, at least?"
Sho is silent,
" Betrayal will cost you dearor than me,
says Staines,
"I think not," slowly. "Coward I" she
says scornfully.
" A woman's good name is a brittle thing.
A touch smashes it."
" Yet, T am not afraid. You will never
bo able to smash mine; whereas you will
recall, perhaps, that little affair with
Qrovecamr ami���"
Staines grows livid.
"Hah 1" laughs she, lightly. "That
touches you, it seems, Tliut heart, lam
uot going to sot tbo social bloodhounds ou
your track���yot."
" Sign a truce with me then," exclaims
ho, eagerly.
" To bo kepi sacred just so long as I see
you conducting yourself properly," returns
nlto. " Now go. Tbe very sight of yon is
fateful to mo.
She seems lohrcalhnninre freely when he
has left her, and turns will) a glad smile to
Margery, who draws near with Cur/on Bellow nt her Hide.
Jusl uow she is locking a liltlo worried,
but Mra. Daryl is nol allowed time to in-
'  lo tho mill let*.    Lady llianksmori
" Amongst all tbe others tricked out in
thoir best bibs aud luckers straight from
While and Worth. Confess you would be
ashamed of me."
" Ashamed !"
" Yes, thoroughly,"1 with decision. " You
neodn't imagine that von nro a bit better
than the rest of you, uud ull men hale a
dowdy woman."
don't show thom off liko Miss Mumm. You
must lake them for granted."
" I shouldn't like to take thom at all,"
lisps Mrs. Vyner.
" 1 shall tell Colonel Vyner about yonr
incivility to ine," says Halkott, "if you persist iu this persecution of an unprotected
young man.    My lhe by, is he hero?"
" He is always on evidence, (bio can
not oapapo him," aays   .'olonol  Vynor'a
wifo.
" Woll, I slill want to hear about whit
waa amusing you so   Intensely  a moment
since," pcr-iiflis llalkell, "if I   may
out blushing.''
" That, certainly/1 casting u coquettish ���
pure
hand
sweeping up to thr-ui
WilhclmiiiuWm.
"I wuiitloiiiii'oiliieeyou lo Lady Anne,
Hi-.lf-way across the gallery Muriel look
round.
" So yon know Captain Staines."
"Slightly^   yes.    1 met him abroad; iu
Brussels whero tho old people went onoe
and look me wilh them.'
Then Lady Anne is reached, and tho Introduction is gone through.
Meantime, Margery has sunk ina rather
11ejected fashion upon the deep window seat
and ia gating out upon the wooded hill
steeped iu dying sunshine, and on the laki
far down below lhat is sparkling as if Inoan
descent,
" You didn't mean it really, did you?'
usks Hollow, presently.
" That 1 am uot going to the country
ball, next Thursday fortnight? Certainly, I
mount it.    Why should you doubt me ?"
" Bui your reusou ?"
" Kcasons rather, for thoy are ' plentiful
as blackberries.' Hut why should 1 givo
thom V
" tlivo one at least," pleads lie.
" Take tho principal one, then. I haven't
a gown lit to be seen in."
" Oh ! si-ill' and nonsense," says Mr.
Hollow.
" 1 dire say !" indignantly. " That is
just the brilliant remark one might expect
you lo make. But there is vory little iion-
Bonao about it, lot mo tell you, and no atuff
at all���not il yard of il���or probably I'd go.
But to Itppoar shabbily gowned is a thing 1
will not do. If I did," wilh a withering
glance at her slave, " you would be the
very lirst lo lind fault With me."
" I would?"
Yes, you.    Picture mo  lo  yourself in
glanee at him.    " Sli-Bt Yynerand   1 were j that. heirloom nf mine ���the "hlwhil
merely discussing theamfabtlltyofthe pres-1    " You log)- lovely in it���"
silk--
CHAPTER X.
Mrs. Amyot, when the idea of dancing
through the afternoon ia propounded to hor,
is delighted with it; so ia Mrs. Vyner, iu
her languid fashion. So indeed is everybody
except Aunt Selioa 1
Halkett, who, from the beginning of
their acquaintance, has been greatly taken
by her, now approaches her with a winning
sin ile.
" You dance, of course, Miss Mumm," he
says, " may 1 have���*"
M Dance? No!" interrupts Miss Mumm.
" I should think not, iudet-d. 1 wouldn't be
guilty of such lightness." She is sixty if a
day, nud ou an average weighs about seventeen stone.
"No, no," says Mr. Halkett, " Your
actions, I feel sure, arc not open to censure
of thut sort. "Whatever you aro "���with
profound and respectful conviction���"I am
sure you aro not light."
" It is a comfort to know that you sir, at
loast, havo n*eaflured mo justly," returns
Aunt Selln'a, gravely.   "In my time, that
abominable romp called dancing was looked
upon as little less than sin. We were content with more innocent amusements, such
as, for instance, 'Puaa in tho corner,' 'Blind
nmn's-huff,' ' Kiss in tho ring,' ' Hunt the
slipper,' ami n variety of othoi simple
sports."
" Thore is a grout doul iu what you say,"
he HL-tees solemnly, "a great deal. Wo
might all take it to heart with much benefit
to ourselves. Thero aro possibilities ubout
Kiss in tho ring,' before which the weaker
uttructloiiB of dancing pale. And an for
'Hunt tho slipper !' why should wo not hunt
it now? Mrs. Ainyot, will yon join mo in
Ihechaao? Miss Mumm, 1 foel sure, will
kindly givo us the rules."
"You will find it dull!" remarks Miss
Mumm, soverely, "Let that bo understood.
Dull, but," with withering force "decent I"
Without further ado she takes herself
off, and a universal peal of laughter follows
on tho last echo of her footsteps.
"Annie, will you sing ua something
whilst thoy are arranging tho things-putting tho footstools to one side','" asks
Muriol.
Lady Anno Branksmere, who is never
happier than when bor fingers are ou the
keys, moves briskly to the piano.
"Sho sings?" asks Mrs. vyner, vaguely.
"Oh, charmingly. Not magnificently or
loudly, you know ; but with feeling and all
that Bort of thing," says 1'rimroso, "Tell
you a fellow who sings well, too. Staines.
Like a bird, ho sings. Very hard to make
him warble, I expect ho thinks it wise to
make himself rather scarce in that way.
Adds to his popularity���see?"
He would want lo add something to it;
by ull accounts, it is thin I" whisper;; Mrs.
Amyot,
"Eh ? Can't say, I'm Sure," says Lord
Primrose, rather puzzled, to whom Staines
is moro or less a stranger. - Thought he
was rather a fancy article, run after a good
deal aud that, ch ?"
"Captain Staines, will you sing to us
now?" says Mrs. Ainyot, suddenly, who
bad been dying to make him sing ever sinoe
Primrose had told her ho was chiity of
giving his voice to the world.
"I think not,"returns.Stuinea,smiling at
her.    "My efforts would hardly ploaue you,
I imagine, after what we havo  just heard,
and besides���"
Besides what?"
Simply that 1 believe I have forgotten
how, that'-* all. I bad almost forgotten
that 1 once uaed to sing until to-day."
Muriel, who is standing near, looks quickly
at him.
Let to-day then bo '.ho commencement
of a now epoch in your life's history." persists Mrs. Amyot, gayly. "Return to your
old delights.    Give place to song."
" Togo back upon our lives is denied ua,"
says Captain Staines, gently. "And lo
most of us the paat is a sealed book to
which wo dure not revert, 1 am sorry I
can not ploaso you in this matter, but,"
ho turns his guzo suddenly upon Lady
Braiikamerc, " music has died within inc."
"Through dearth of encouragement,
perhaps," suyB Lady Branksmere, coldly,
" If you were to try���to mako ao effort���
to recover your lost power, perhaps you
might succeed."
"My lost power!" repeats ho inn peculiar tone. He looks down, and then
continues softly, " Well, 1 will try, if that
is your desire."
"Not mine���Mrs. Ainyot's," says Lady
Brandkamere, haughtily.   .
"Oh, yes, mine certainly," laughs Mrs.
Amyot.
Tho group at tho piano divide and make
room for him. His voice is not powerful,
but clear and elastic, and for exquisite
timbre could hardly bo equaled.
Lady Anne is profoundly touched, and
stinds gazing at tho aiugor with tears in
her eyes,
Muriel is standing well within the shelter of a velvet portiere, but her face is in
thn light, Tho shadow of a terrible grief
is desolating her beautiful face, Somo
cruel thought���a crushing remembrance-
hitherto subdued, seems now to ha-'e sprung
into fresh lifo, and to havo reached a coins-
sul height. That music has undone her
quite,
Somobody drags a. chair with a littio
rasping noise along the polished lloor, and
Lady Branksmere starts as though violently awakened.
"Thank you. It Is ,i charming song,"
she nays, indifferently, turning her gaze full
Captain Staines. " 1 always think you
are better worth listening to than most
people. Now, for your waltz," smiling at
Mrs. Amyot.
Sho seals herself ut tho vacant piano, and
lets tho firat bars of the brilliant wait/, float
tinmigh tlie room.
CHAPTER XI.
" The Dowager Lady (trunkamero'a love
lo Lady Hrankainero, uud she will be pleas
etl to receive hor ibis afternoon." TllO
message sounds liko a command and Muriol, throws aside her brush, and prepares to
obey it.
" 1 wish I could go with you���sho is interesting, as fossils usually ere���but the
fact Is she abhors ine. 1 um loo large, too
healthy, too fleshy for hoc," laughs Lady
Anne, " I look out of place iu thut ghastly old room of hers,"
"I can't see lhnt you urn moro robust
than Madame von Thirsk. Yot -die tolerates her," says Muriel.
"She adores her," corrects Lady Anne,
" There Is some tremendous bond between
them ; 1 don't quite know how the friendship arose, but it began about seven yours
ago, about tho year poor Arthur was killed." Sho always alludes to her dead hua-
band as " poor Arthur." "You know Arthur
wus hor favorite. He was tho eldest, ami
it was only by a luckless chance that
liruiiksmere came in for tho title. You know
ull about lhat duel!" Sho is talking confidentially to Muriel.
"I knew ho had boon killed iu a duel:
that is all."
" Brankamere, (icorge, your husband,
was with him nt the lime. He, Qoorge,
hinted to mo that it was a quarrel about
money ; but he was ro dial resscd lhat 1 knew
tho wretched affair had arisen out of some
fault of poor Arthur's. He wis nil her
wild, you aeo, and hud an Ungovernable
temper, From what I could drug out of
Branksmere, who was most reticent about
it, 1 should say poor Artber lost himself
over some affair ina brilliant saloon, and
grossly insulted llie man by whom he be-
Roved be had boon cheated." She pauses.
"IIo was shot dead," she says, iu a low
whisper, lapping her lingers nervously upon
the table,
" How terrible���for you."
" Ves, terrible. But do you know, now
loan think of it quite calmly.    It all hap- |
pened bo long ago, you see. Seven yeai
a tremendous space nowadays. Yea, it all
happened the year madame came lo tho
castle. Poor Arthur was killed about tho
beginning of the year, aud she camo hero
about six months afterward,    I   remember
it perfectly. Sue was a friend ol some people H rank sin ere knew in Tuscany."
" She seems to have given uji Tuscany
aud made her home in England -in Brankamere, rather."
" Yea. I shouldn't mind that, if I woro
yon. Sho is very good to the old lady, aud
useful when the dowi.j-cr bus one of her
troublesome days. Going to her now?"
" I wish you could come with me."
" I shouldn't be welcome."
"Would I do?" asks Mra. Amyot amiably.
"1 am afraid you would be worse than
Lady Anne," says Muriel, smiling. " You
arc t'to bright, too airy. Jt is only ghostly
bony people like me she can endure. I
shall give your kind regrets to Lady Drank*-
mere, however, if yon like."
" What a tiresome number of Lady
Brankamores thore are,"   remarks Mrs.
Vyner, idly,
" Too many," acquiesces Lady Anno.
" Thero is the dowager, thero is mo, there
is Muriel. 1 felt ro horrified at tho idea of
bolnr* placed as No. *_' amongst tho dowagers
that 1 went hack to my old name, ami became, if not Lady Anno Hare, at least Lady
Anne. A safe return, Muriol," us the present Lady Hranksmcro moves toward tho
door.
"Then I won't do?" asks Mrs. Amyot,
pathetically.
" Yes, ymi will for mo, admirably," Bays
Halkett, who has just stepped in through
lho window, "So take heart, and a tenuis
racket at. the same limo. Wo are having
audi a game out hero. Come one���come
all of you���antl lot's make au afternoon of
it," ���
Muriel crossing the hull slowly��� boiu^ io
no haste to j*aiu 'he chamber where the old
danie lie-- in solitary slate���comes suddenly
face lo face with Oapteill Sluines.
You should go out; the others are on
the tennis-ground," she says, in u dull,
stilled aort of way, and goes qulokly onward.
Ono moment, Lady Hranksmcro," ex
claims ho, inu low tone. "One only.
What have I done that you idiould avoid
me!"
I do not avoid you," icily.
I fear you do. 1 fear my presence here
unititi of dissatisfaction to you, But
I havo arranged about that," ho goes on,
gloomily, "A telegram to-morrow will rid
you of me. 1 nhidl leave as suddenly as I
amo."
"I bog you will not do this, thing, 1 assure you there is uo reason why you should,"
says Lady Branksmoro haughtily.
There is a reason," breaks out Staines
in a low tone, full of suppressed passion,
'If you are dead to the past, I am not, I
know now I should never have come hero���
now that it is too late."
And why not hero ?" she demanded
with Hashing eyes,
" Bocuuao ynu uro here," be says, slowly.
Need I havo said that? Did you not
know my answer? I was mad when I accepted your���Lord Branksmero's���invitation, but I could not refuse it, But now
that 1 havo como���now that I have seen���
whon all the obi sweet memories force themselves back upon me, 1 feel 1 dure not remain."
" You will please yourself about that, of
arse," answered Muriel, coldly,
" To go will not please me," declare)- ho,
hurriedly,
" Then stay," indifferently.
"Are you u stone?" he cries, vehemently.
' Havo you altogether forgotten?"
"Altogether I ahe says stoutly.
" I   wouV   believe   it,"   protests    he,
'What! in thii little space of time tn havo
II,  all blotted out!   Nay,  I defy you to
say  it  from  your heart.    Now and again
some thought  from out lhe pure sweet past
must rise within   your breast.    Yot love
could never have  been to you  what lL was
to me.    You wronged mo Muriel, as onlya
woman   can   wrong u man.    You   betray-
od mo."
"You, Was I the first who broke fuilh?
Huve I married? And now, standing here
together faeo lo face onco more, you loll me
J have no longer a placo oven hi your
thoughts, tbiit it is nothing to you whether
I go or slay ?"
" Nothing," returns she, slowly. "I
fball nevertheless he very pleased if you
will stay with us fora little whilo," ebe
says languidly.
"I accept your invitation," declares
Stnlnos, suddenly���almost dotiantly, and
turning away, strides Impatiently down
a side corridw���to find himself all but in
tho arms of Mme, von Thirsk I
(to nr. rnvriN rrn.)
Tho Oflriitophar Oolumba a-
The great steel " whalehuok" passenger
steamer being built by lhe American Steel
Barge Company at West Superior, Minn.,
under tho superintendence of Capt. Angus
McDougall; brother of Copt. Alexander
MoDotigall, the  lamoua originator of the
"Whalobaok-' model, has received her first.
coat of paint, ami Is rapidly hearing completion* It is oxpeotod-that tbo vessel will
bo ready lo sail on ihe tippet lakes as soon as
navigation Up there opens. Sho has been
built expressly for the World's fair trade,
ami is capable of carrying between -1,1)110
and ."i.iiihi passengers at ono timo,*
Great interest is excited by tbcCbristn-
phci- Columbus, not only because of hor extraordinary size, but because of her peculiar
model, which, ao fur us passenger-cavrying
is concerned| is really au experiment, Her
dimensions uro 31(2 foot over all, -12 foet
beam, with a depth of 24 foot. Her engines
are triple expansion, of 3,000 horso-power,
built by Samuel 1<\ Hodge & Co. ; the cylinders tire 'JO inches, 12 inches nnd 72 inches
iliumoicr respectively, with -BMnoli
stroke. Thero is a battery of uix Scotch-
typo boilers, each II feet in diameter and
lltfebtlong over corrugated furnaces, The
hoi bra woro built by the Cleveland Shipbuilding company, and nre reported to bo
models of their kind. The single funnel, or
--smokestack/' is nearly 20 foot jn diameter and the captain's bridge is well-nigh 'in
foot abovo the water line,    li is oxpeoted
thai the waVOfl wMI never wash so high.
A feuturo of tbe construction ii that the
hurricane and upper decks ure raised upon
iron turrols to such heights that even the
heaviest seas will scarcely reach them. The
space hetWOOn tllO main ami upper deokit la
opou, us are also the bulwarks, so thul a
cross sen will have unimpeded rush right
over the lower deck, Instead of pounding
the sides, as is done wilh blulF-built ships.
Inside the iron turrets are spiral stairs tot
ascending and   descending to   the   dining
rooms and olher compartments iu the hull,
ami the equilibrium of tho vessel is so well
arranged that there will be hardly any rolling should aho get into the trough  of the
HOUSEHOLD.
The Little Ann-chair-
Nobody attain tho little arm-obairl
li -liiiuis iua corner dim j
Hut .���- whlto-halred m irlcrR-.-'in-i there.
Ami yearningly thinking o( him.
Soon Uirou-fii tEe dusts ot the long ago
Tne bloiuii of her hoy'- tswirl face.
;lj I
With a
laugh tha
os ho hold a
ira the
due
il,
id.
took io bis
Some! lines a pencil amlslale,
The lesson ishar.1 to understand,
And tbo floured hard tolmake:
Bntshefloeethonod othts uihcr'.-*
So promt of the little son,
Ami she hears the wont so often slid,
"\j four for our littleone."
They were  wonderful days, the dear swoet
(lays,
When a child with sunny hair
Was hers toscolti, to kiss, and to praise,
At her knee in ihe little chair.
She lost him book In tho luisy years,
When the nival world paught tl��c man,
Anil lie ; I nn lea way iia-l ho-n--anil (ears
To his place in (he bailie's van.
Hut now and then in a wistful dream,
Hike a picture out of ilulti,
she aces a head with a golden gleam
Heut over u pencil and slate.
And t-tie live* u---iiii the happy day,
The (lay of her young life's spring,
When the small arm chair stood jiHl In  I
way.
The cent re of every thing.
- [.Margaret K. Sangator, in Ilurpor'--
A Talk to Mothers.
I think tolling to children, moro babes,
tho wonderful story of porpctuution, has
been overdrawn iu many instances. The
child of loss thun threo yours, who is sup-
posod to comprehend how her new brother
happened to be present, muy liiwo het-.nlih��
story, jusi us her mythical brothers and sis-
tors are told things in Imagination. A safe
way is to cultivate common sense, A wiso
mother notou tbuilawn of understanding in
lier child, according witli the age where a
knowledge of certain facts becomes noces-
���jury, una is an unfailing mentor in time of
need.
Children aro much influenced by surroundings, and aometimes they make thom precocious beyond their yours. To such, a
helping band must constantly be held out.
The silent child often escapes observation
in the thirst for information. But in overy
case tho watchful mother, if uhe be blest
with common sense, will know the right
method to pursue.
A mother may talk to her boys as well as
hor girls, uud tho need for her eouuaei ia
usually greater with tho sons. She can easily givo them all the necessary information
and warn them of all that they should
avoid.
My boy Chef, now taller than I, and I
uu not (lumpy, comes to mo as naturally
with hia confidences, as does my little
Grace. Ho comes from force of habit, formed early in life, when I sympathized with
him over every childish misfortune,
I remember with what a heartache I kissel my children, and Bent thorn, or took
them, for their first day ut school. How
vividly I realized,that there began the lirst
severance of tho stroug cord of homo influ*
onco ; that thereafter I must fight with the
world for my own.
Vet it is hotter for tbo child, having tho
world to fo.ee sometime, that ho be educated among his fellows, und early prove hia
claim to recognition or oblivion, as the
world's opinion goes. He who holds hia
best good at heart cannot do leas than constantly watch lest he fall.
' Tbo travail of birth is the least of child-
bearing. The child is borne upon our
hearts till wo are laid to rest.
��� [Monnie Moore.
office
Don'ta for Husbands.
Don't hang around the kitchen offering
advice and suggestions to your wife in re<
j-urd to her work.    Vou have no more busi
ness hi her kitchen than she in your
or countingroom.
Don't bo so very, very Baring of your
praises of your wifo. He just as rocklosaly
extravagant in this direction as you choose.
No danger of bank nipt big your, stock of
allectton, or hers either, by such a course.
Don't compare her to other women to her
disadvuntugc, anil don't apeak of her failings to uny other person nu the earth. Men
who tnlk about their wives deserve, and receive, tho contempt of all respectable per-
A Dunning Recruit
A stupid looking countryman halted before a blacksmith's shop, tho proprietor
of which was forging a shoe, and eyed tho
performance with muoh interest. Tho
brawny smith, tlisaatistinl with tho man's
curiosity, held tho red-hot iron suddenly
under liis nose, boring to mako bim beat a
baslv retreat.
" If ymi give mc a shilling I'll lick it,"
said tho soldier.
I'll stop the braggart1! jaw!" though
the smith, as bo took from his pocket it
shilling and held il out.
TllO cunning ami of Mars qulokly grabbed
tllO colli, licked it (the coin), and walked
away whistling "The Man that Broke the
Hank."   .
Mot Much ofa Compliment.
She���" And won't you be ablo to come
to my reception "J"
Ho���" I tun afraid not, Miss Uobc. 1
Will either come mVBOll Of send ilnwers."
She-"Ah, thai'is very kind of you. I
do uo love flowers."
Don't reserve all your sullen pouting
spoils for your own fireside. Distribute
Bomcofyotir hutefttlncas around the other
places, whero others will toll you just what
ihey think of you for such uncbristianliko
conduct.
Don't tell her how sho ought to dress her
children or herself, and don't forget to tell
bor whon you see her looking prettier than
us uul.
And don't forget certain littio promises
and solemn vows you made to her on your
km cs in the days of your conrtahip aud ut
the marriage altar. They are registered
on high and you may aome day be reminded
of Ihem to your infinite sorrow.
Salads-
Thero is nothing moro appetizing in
spring and summer than a well-made salad.
It need not be elaborate, involving a great
amount of timo in its preparation ; often ?.
simple one proves quite os tempting,
Thero is a long list of " green things
growing" which may bo converted into
sulads, as lettuce, cucumbers, uaparagus,
onions, boots, celery, dandelions and watercress, besides fruit, oggs, moats, and ull
cooked vegetables, In fact, tho list would
be shorter if one nientionod those articles
of food which may not bo used iu that
way,
If one does not wish to make n regular
dressing, lho salad may be seasoned with
Salt, pepper, celery salt, mustard or any
way preferred, then moistened witb vino-
gar and molted buttor.
Salads should bo served thc day they are
prepared, but many salad drcsidiigs may
be bottled and kept for weeks. The following is recommended i
Horn,Kit Sai.mi Drrssirq,���Boat yolks
of eight eggs, add to thom a cupful of
sugar, oue lablesponnfiil each of salt, mustard and black pepper, a littio cayenne, und
half a cupful of cream : mix thoroughly ;
bring to u boil a pint and u half of vinegar)
add one   cupful  of  butter,  let   como to it
boll, pour upon thn mixture, stir woll und
when cold put into bottles, Sot in a eool
place.
Bran Sai.am. ���String young beans, break
iuto half'inch pieces, wash  ami  cook in
salted waler until tender ; drain,a.hi finely-
chopped onion1-, pepper, salt aud vinegar;
when cool add melted butter.
Men Sai.au.��� Slice six cold, hard-boiled
egga ; pour over thom a cold cream dressing
made of two egga beaten well, a teaspoonful
of sugar, one-fourth teaspoonful of salt,
two tiblespooufula of cream, a pinch of
lUatard, two tableapoonTula of vinegar;
cook in a doiiblo-boiler and stir until it
thickens,
OftASnR Sai.au.���Six oranges and ono
bunch of lettuce. Pool tho oranges, divide
into sections uud remove thu sooiIb. Arrange a few sections on each plate up in
lettuce leaves [and pour over them a saWd
dressing, in preparing this dressing do not
uso onion juice; lemon juice in placo of
vinegar inokos it liner.
Oiuokbn Salad,���Out the meat from a
roasted chicken, chop with a few slalkB of
celery or sprigs of parsley, Sprinkle with
salt, while pepper, ond pour over it a few
spoonfuls of vinegar ami oil. Lot this stand
two or three hours, then place it on a plato
or salmi dish iu the initial of fresh lettuce
or parsley leaves, and pour ovor it a salad
sing.
.:r;.:.::^r.���i:, eg
night. This is mcti lor anyone carrying
cold dinners, as well as for home lunches.
Puttkd Ham.-���When the ham is nearly
finished cut off ull the meat and chop as
fine as possible ; add pepper, mace, cloves,
etc., and a little melted butter. Pack
lightly in ajar and pour a little melted butter over tho top.
Soalloprd Onions;.���Peel and boil a few
onlom in salt and water till lender.    Pick
the onions to pieces and put a lnyor in the
bottom of a buttered dtab, then a layer of
crackers and so on till the dish is full.
I Have a layer of crackers on ton; season
well, fill up the dish with milk, and bake
anlce brown.
HrotmnoOOPFSI ��� TwoquartBof wheat
bran, one cupful ot molasses, whito of one
egg ; to be well mixed, and browned in the
oven until of a dark brown color, stirring
often io prevent scorching.
SttiAiiCookies.���Two cupfulsof sugar,
two egt*a, one-half cupful of butter, one-
half cupful of fried meat gravy or drip-
Riugs, one-half ouptul of sweet cream, one-
all teaspoonful of soda. Before baking,
dip the top of eaoh cooky in the white of
egg, then iu granulated sugar. Tho white
of thc egg is uot to lie beaten.
I.avku C.ikj*.. -(hie cupful of powdered
sugar, half a cuuful of butter, three-fourths
cupful of milk, two cupfuls of (lour, three
eggs, two teaspoonfuls of baking powder,
tlavoring. Cream tho butter and sugar,
add tho well-beaten yolks of oggs, the milk
with the flavoring, the flour into which the
baking powder lias been sifted, and last,
tho stillly beaten whites. Stir lightly.
This makes threo thick layers.
BtKaUBO PudDINO,���Two eggs, one cupful oi sour milk, ��������-.����� -ln-Af tr-m-it-i-i-fiil ot
soda, throe cups of Hour, ouo cup of fruit if
liked; steam two hums. Serve with cream
and sugar. I put in raisins unless I have
fresh fruit.
Pooh Man's Pudding.���Peel and slice a
layer of apples in the bottom of adiah, thon
a layer of breadcrumbs that havo been softened in water. Repeat this until the dish
is full, sweetening the apples every time,
Finish with a layer of bread and dot with
bits of butler, Fill up with water and
bake. Serve whilo warm with cream and
sugar.
A Goon Plain Poddinq.���One cupful of
sour milk, a pinch of salt, one-half teaspoonful of soda, one cupful dried berries ���sliced
green apples are good���and cornmeal to
make a batter as thick as for Johnny cake.
Steam half au hour and eat with sweetenod
cream. I find a round cake tin with a
center tube an excellent dish in which to
steam puddings.
Mother's Bread.���Put two quarts of flour
into a pan, and pout* boiling water over it
until nearly all the flour is wet. Stir the
flour while pouring on the water. Add one
pint of cold water, and boat well. Let it
stand until lukewarm, then add one cup of
fiotuto yeast, butter the size of an egg and
ittlf a teaspoonful of soda, and flour to make
a stiff dough. Turn it out on tho moulding
board and work in more flour by slushing it
with a sharp knife. Slash, add flour and
knead until the dough is stiff and smooth.
Vou cannot get too much flour into It. Let
it stand until morning, then knead it down
without removing it from the pan. After
breakfast, turn it ont on the board, and
knead it for ten minutes, then put it back
aud let it rise as much as possible without
smelling like wine, and make it int i loavr-a,
When the loaves are light they should be
put into a hot oven which is allowed to cool
gradually until the bread is done. Bread
made m this way will keep freah a long
time.
A Hood Soap P.ecipe,��� Four pounds of
soap cut fine, one pound of sal soda, two
ounces each of turpentine and borax, two
and one-half gallons of rain water. Cook
Try it in a saucer. When cooling pour in
one ounce of coal oil, aud stir in half a tea
apoouful of fine salt,
Frillfl of Fashion-
Short shoulder capes of lace will be worn.
Galloons and ribbons are the most stylish
trimmings.
All skirts are cut with a pronounced Hare
ut the bottom.
Dark blue cheviot with a lining of plnid
silk is a good choice for an ulster.
All new skirts are wide but uro smooth at
the top and flare outward at lhe foot.
Nine gored nnd seven gored skirts with
bias aesma are among the latest fushion.
Tailor made dresses Bhould have as plain
sleeves as the present fashion will allow.
A vory short cape either in ono rulllo
with a niched top or with a flat collar is
stylish.
All Bloevos whether cut liko the mutton-
leg, pull' or elongated puff are mudo to
droop.
The semi-circular flounce lined with crinoline Is used in making over dressea that are
too narrow.
Hair cloth, linen canvas, grass linen and
crinoline are used for stiffening skirts; hair
oloth ia used for heavy dresses.
Graduated trimmings are liked with tbe
greatest width of ribbon or galloon at the
top and arranged in five, seven or more
Cut out tha waist of a dress first and
then the skirt, or plan for the .waist first
for that can not be scrimped, If the cloth
falls short tho sleeves may be nude of contrasting material.
To face tho bottom of a basque, baste
the facing on and then stitch tho bottom.
Turn tho facing up aud baste again, then
press beforo it is felled down. This will
keep tbo facing from drawing.
Flounces will lie greatly used this Bummer, A now method of trimming is a fold
of velvet at thc lower edgo of a skirt then
a fold of silk and finally a fold of tho dress
material. Thero should bo a two-inch
space between the folds and if the arrangement is ropeatcd making six folds it will
bo yet mma stylish,
For a work dross make a plain skirt four
to live yards in width; then finish the
bottom with a doop hem or a six-inch rullle.
Mako a shirt waist with throe box plaits
both back and front, shirt sleovea, a rolling collar und culls ami wear with (t a
leather licit. Pearl buttons are used on
wash dreasca ; if trimming ia uddod let it
be an -unhrnidored collar and cutis. Oo uot
mako a wash dross tu lit tightly.
Tbe Spider's Enemy-
A writer gives un interesting account o
lho cm-ions habits of the ichneumon-fly of
Ceylon, the nut oral enemy of the spider.
This insect is green in color, and in form
resembles a wasp, with a tnarvelously thin
waist. It makes its neat of well.worked
clay, and then goes out on a hunting expedition. Iib victims are invariably spiders
of various kinds, but all are subject to the
name mode of treatment. A scientific sling
injects some poison, which effectually paralyzes the luckless spider, wlio is then carried
olVto the nest und there fastened with a dab
of moist clay.
Another and another victim is brought to
this chamber of horrors. Then tho prescient
mother ichneumon-fly proceeds lo deposit
her oggs one in tho body of each spider,
which cau just move its logs in a vague aimless mannci, but can offer no resistance.
Tills dono lho Ily returns to her work as a
itiii-i'ii. She prepares more clay and builds
up tho entrance to this ghastly coll, Then
alio commences u now cell, which sho furnishes io like manner, ami closes ; then alio
adds yet another cell, und so proceeds until
her Blore of oggs are all provided for, and
her task In lifo being accomplished, she dies,
leaving her evil brood to hatch at lelnure,
In duo timo these horrid litllo maggolB
como to lifo and find themselves cradled in a larder of fresh meat. Each poor
spider is still alive and   hia   jnicos   afford
nutriment for lhe ichneumon-grub till it is
ready to pais into its chrysalis stage, llu-nce
ALGONQUIN f AKK-
lhe Beaullhil Pleasure (.round -tel Apart
For lite Ontario I'cople.
Tho bill establishing ihe Algonquin national park bas now been read a aecond
time in tlio Legislature- ami will soon become law. The park, as described iu tbe
report of the commission, is a compact
track of land in ihc district of NipiuiOgj
south of the Mattawa river, ami lying between the Ottawa river and Georgian bay.
It consists of eighteen townships, uud its
area is 1S8,I8U acres, of which S.11,793
acres, or 1,800 square tnilea, ia land, and
ltHj,H9.'{ acres, or Itilj square miles, water.
The average length from north to south is
about 4!) miles, and breadth 36 miles. It
is a region of rock, forest and water. The
pine hai been diminished by fire and the
axe, but there is st ill a large quantity of it,
and au abundance of hardwood trees, birch,
maple and hemlock, Tbe track contains an
immense volume of water in lake aud river,
brook, pond aud marsh. "The apring and
an in nm rains and the heavy snows
of winter keep the fountain heads
of the important streams risin-' here continually replenished, tho density of the
forest retarding evaporation, ami the
spongy layers of louvos and vegetation
which covers the ground tending to maintain an equable flow throughout tho year."
Here wo touch upon ono ot tho main ends
to bo attained by lho reservation, as sot
forth in the report: namely, the preservation of tho slreaniH,lakes ami watcr-couraes
in the parka, and especially of the head
waters of several rivers which havo their
source therein, The park, in fact, com-
urisoa a Urge part of the watershed which
divides the streams flowing into tho Ottawa
river from thoso flowing into tho Georgian,
bay, and, ns tho roport dcclurcs, tho preservation of the foroat upon this elevated
tract of laud is essential to the maintenanco
of theae important streams in full How.
Where tho forest is destroyed "wide tracts
aro converted from fortile plains into arid
doBorta, springs ami streams uro dried up,
and the rainfall, instead of percolating
gently through tho forest floor, and finding
its way by easy stages through brook and
river to the lower levels, now descends in
the valleys in hurrying torrents, carrying
all before ita tempestoua flood."
The second object mentioned in lhe report is the preservation of native forests
and indigenous woods. It is true that the
whole territory is covered by liccnae to
cut timber, but in some cases the license
allows only the cutting of pine, and in all
cases the pine is tho chief if not the only
wood sought by the lumberman. Wc aro
reminded by tho report that many descriptions of trees, useful and ornamental, ouce
common in Ontario, arc rapidly becoming
scarce ; bo are many wildflowers and shrubs
useful for medicinal and other purposes.
Connected with tbe object oi preserving
tbe trees ia that providing a fceld for experiments in systematic forestry. Another
ia the protection of fish, birds and fur*
bearing animals, now often wantonly destroyed. The advantage of the park as a
health resort is obvious. It is not so generally known that the retention of a large
block of forest has a beneficial effect upon the
climate of tbo surrounding country, moderating and regulating both temperature
and rainfall.
One superintendent at a salary of about
$800 to ��1,000 and four or five park rangers at a salary of about $500 each will be
constantly on the spot to keep off marauders.
A ��1,000 hut will be erected tor the superintendent, and ten or fifteen huts at a cost
if about $20 each, merely for sleeping
purposes. There is doubtless great economy in tiking up tho matter in time, before the district ia invaded by private
owners. The people of New \ork state
havo had a costly experience of this. Out
of a total of 2,307,7��0 acres, which it was
proposed to comprise within the boundaries
of lhe Adirondack park, it was found that
the Btate owned only 012,220 acres, and
that it would bo necessary to ucquire the
title to 1,822,503 acres, at a cost of from
$3,000,000 to 53,50(1,001). A generation
hence the people of Ontario will appreciate
more highly than they do now tho wisdom
nnd toroBight which secured to thom this
vast playground.
The Story of tbe Ioe A*?.
Thero cannot be any doubt that aftor
man hnd become a dcni7.cn of tho earth, a
great physical change came over the northern hemisphere. Tho climate which had
-previously been so mild that evergreen
tteos flourished within ten or twelve degrees of tho North Pole, now becamo bo
severe thul vast sheets of snow and loo
covered tho North of Europe and crept
southward beyond the south coast of Ireland, almost as far as the southern shores
of England, and across the Baltic into
1'race and Germany, This Arctic transformation was not an episode that lasted
merely a few seasons, und loft tho land to
resume thereafter its ancient aspect. With
various successive fluctuations it must have
endured for many thousands of years.
When it began to disappear it probably
faded away as slowly and imperceptibly as
it had advanced, and when it finally vanished it left Eurono and North America
profoundly changed iu tho character alike
of their scenery and of their inhabitants.
Tbe rugged rocky contours of earlier times
wore ground smooth and polished by the
march of tho ieo across them, while tho
lower grounds were buried under wide and
thick sheets of clay, grave), and sand, left
behind by tbo melting ice. The varied and
abundant flora which had spread so far
within the Arctic circlo was driven away
into more southern and loss ungonial
clinics. Hut most memorable of all was
thc extirpation of the prominent largo
animals which, beforo the advent of the
ice, had roamed ovoi Kurope. The lions,
liyanas, wild boraca, hippopotami, and
olher creatures either became entirely extinct or woro driven into tho M rtdlterranean
basin and into Africa, In their place came
nuri hern forma���tho loi il-deer, clutton,
musk ox, woolly rhinoceros, and mammoth.
Sinb a marvellous transformation in climate, in scenery, in vegetation and in inhabitants, within what was after ull but a
brief portion of geological timo though it
may have involved no sudden or violent
convulsion- is surely untitled to rank as a
catastrophe in the history of thu globe. It
was brobably brought aliout mainly, if uot
entirely, by the operation of forces external
to ihe cai th. No similar calamity having
befallen the continents withm the limo dur-
. ig which man has been recording bis experience, the leu Ago might bo cited ai a
contradiction to tho doctrine of uniformity,
and yet i' manifestly trrived as part of tho
established order nt Nature. Whether or
nut wo grant that other ice ages preceded
l)io laat great one, we must admit that the-
fonditions under whicli jt arose, so far as
wc know thom, might conceivably have occurred beforo, and may occur again. The
various agencies called into play by tho extensive refrigeration of the nm t hem hemisphere were not ditlerent from those with
which we nre familiar. Snow fell and glaciers crept as thoy do to-day. lee scored
and polished rocks exactly as it still does
among the Alps and in Norway. There
was nothing abnormal iu tho phenomena
save the scale oil which Ihey wore manifest,
ed. And thus, taking a broad view of lhe
wholo subject, wo recognise the catastrophe,
while at tbo samo Unto weseeiu its progress
the operation of those same natural processes which wo know to be Integral parts
of the machinery whereby the surface oi
the earth ia continually transformed.��� [Sfr
A. Geikic.
��/.*
(J
Thero are now 2~ royal families iu KuropO
wbi havo about -IIHJ members,
Win-Hi taken   from a   mummy vase  iu
Egypt 2-000 years ago was planted ami
_.   ,       ... nm ��i��,Ui��.����..���....��n    some of it grew.
Various K9C10Q3' ready to pass into its chrysalis stage, thence       \\ was thought an earthquake had shaken
Prrssro Bkbp. ���Chop fine two pounds of I to emerge as a winged Ily, fully prepared to Uhe city when James Powell, weighing
beef and one pound of lean, fresh pork. 1 carry out the traditions of ilsancestorH wilh 1 400 pounds, fell downu stairway iu Muncie,
Add 01)0 cup cracker crumb.-i,  ouo beaten I regard to apiderH, and lo fulfill the purpose   illu.     Hit full shook bottles from a drug
egg, salt, pepper, and Bago if liked, Steam 1 for which ihey have been creeled, according j atore shelf do��-n stairs, and lu terror tlie
three houra, and  leave  iu  the dish over-1 to ichneumon belief, I attendants tied to the street, THE WEEKLY NEWS, JUNE 14. 1893.
THE WEEKLY NW
Published   By  M. Whitney &
Son.   Every Wednesday.
Courtenay, B. C.
Tl-*i��lS 01'' SUllSORIPTlON.
IN    4JVANCE.
lli.o Y.��r     r-��>
Six Months      ' "*'
Siiiijl, ���������|,y ^^ ....     ___.     '"''
RATKS OF ADVERTISING:
,11,111H1 pur vi.,1   $IS��I
..    ..   tH.inih           130
iKhtliusI    pin-yiMir    WOO
f.mrt   ���     .vioi)
v.vk.   Mil    11             ���    rail"
ir'il    n,ilioi!..i..T lill.1     20
Niiaces   nf  llirtha,   M.irrittges   and
Deaths. 50 cenis cacli inscrtiun,
N:i Advcriismcnt in.cited fm- less thnn
W*iijiiB8(lay, Judo 14, 1P03
Editorial Notes,
Hie ull fur tariff reft
; nol confiii-
��� I   in   the
.>,.���).
It
stronger within tbe ranks oi those suppuil
in-/the government. Here let Uie fight
be made. To help a few the many suffer and tbe government suffers in it-; revenue. The high taniT is in many cases
prohibitory, and while we would mil cripple theC. I'. R., which ton done i grout
deal for the country, \^ du not think it
i-* just or tight that the tariff should be
tid/usted for its benefit. The people are
iired of being taxed to support ,i monopo
ly of any kind. Protcfc'iion for protection's sake should be abandoned. Let
**��� be prepared to follow the suites when
their new tariff shall be adopted nest
winter. In the meantime let \'w. discuss-
i:iTi go on nnd a sentiment created in favor of die parly making a forward move-
The attitude of two professed ministers
uf the gospel in Vaucutiver upon ihc Da-
��� vie government i-i very naturally creating
much adverse criticism. It is fair lo say
they are not any better informed upon
��� uncut political iliairs ihan the average
business man. lie, tlierefore,i.euds no instruction from the pulpit with reference to
matters of which helms equal knowledge
and is abundantly competent to judge.
Tbe lime has gone by when the clergy
was suppoed to be the sole receptacle of
knowledge and wisdom. Their active
participation! in polities dues not purify ii,
but only degrades them Their advice
is resented. The days of priestcraft arc
over, For a minister to declare from the
pulpit "thnt the necessity is upon us
[ihem] to pursue these men"���referring
tu the men at presen at the head of the
I'rovincial government���is to prostitute
the pulpit to the basest of partisan uses.
The history of the world shows that when
a minister turns politician be gels down
into the dirt lower and Hays there longer than the ordinary citizen.
In a new country like ours the cities
will lake care of themselves if only the
country is developed. All tbe energies
ni tlie government should, therefore, be
exerted in developing the natural resources of the country. This duty applies to
both Dominion and I'rovincial govern-
ineilts. Railroads are needed, but in
many pi.ices, far more than railroads, are
needed good common roads. Mail facilities are also sadly needed In many places whers tbey are unjustly withheld.
In a country having such a water front
;ia ours steambonts must be relied upon
largely lo furnish thc means of travel
and transportation; -ind adequate subsidies become necessary lo maintain
these until the routes become self supporting. It follows that goverment cx-
[i.-mhturc must be of a practical character, and made with a view to development. Works o* beauty, grtinduev and
���ii may well await a later period. This
i- the utilitarian period with us. Every
dollar is required for something essential
lneworks we can do without, at least for
n season. If the country is thus supported and encouraged, the cities will become prosperous and rich. Hy awaiting
tin* steady growth of lheir surroundings,
llieir business will resl upon a substan-
ti il basis, and city and country, mutually
helpful, will became wedded in bonds
lhat neither will <aie to throw off. If
therefore governments would he popular
an I subseFve the highest interests <>i the
people, let their affairs be administered
more for thc benefit of the country, by
the means we Iw-'t- pointed out.
iinriti-iuiy ��r remM Marks.
Thu oW-fRsWofloi. iiuUuniblii'v in not
ol much w nowadays, tor it will not
11 h lead pencil marks out The material that '���liter-' intnpcucils is gteatly !tn
proved, and now tin* marks mado are nt
most ��f indelible as ink. Soinoboflv tells
tho following story In tho Washington
hi-t ���*! remember that when in Vicks-
burg once �� steamboat explosion oo-
it -���-���ed about 100 milt-sup tlie river. The
vtfMtel was called tlie Morning Star and
v i- shattered, and several ��� pie were
drowned. In a day or two afterward
some of her drift came down; cotton
bales, cabin chairs, doors, blinds, etc.
Among tho debris wen- a good many
papers from the ulerk'a office. Strange
an it may si-eiu the action of tho water
t ul almost obliterated the writing in
ink, while that traced by lead pencil was
a** plain as when put on the paper."
Miianlmt 'tr Wonla,
Bpeaktngoftho Btrange, eventful bin
lory of words, the  Hartford Commit
nfitcs  that "queen"   originally meant
Bimply woman, but now designates the
most glittering placo which t! arth
can bestow, while with the slightly dif
ferent spelling of queen" it stands fora
woman of a thfterent sort; so, too.
"knave" nt the start meant only a boy,
.i. in the German form, "knabe" but, ns
hoysgo wrong Bomol.tnes, the word in
time obtained an unpleasant meaning.
'1 i,i- word "imp"might have been added
as having had very much the same his
tory an "knave'' for, manning flrat a
iicion or ahoot it next stood for a child,
ami now it means an Inferior devil,
Lord Bacon spoke of "those most virtuous and goodly-young imps, thy Dukd
of-Suffolk aud Uu brother.'
QUEER AND CURIOUS.
Th*} Mill il Ui  Kill Ki*-. on  litif**-r TI|M  i ���*������**���
nt-th u Stt-unt* uriilonUOcatlou.
Jlr. Gallon devotes his life to tho
elucidation ->f the queen aud tho eurioua,
Umluiibtilly there .h nothing a man
masters which is not of some benefit to
bis fellows, lliungh eenturies imiy eluilSQ
before the application conies. In this
present volume Mr. Galton gives the results of �� number of years of research,
devoted to those tiny ridges of akin
which appeal' iu the ends of ihe fingers.
They are the so-called "papilhary"
ridges. Carried awny by his enthu'-iusni,
Mr. Gnlton declares that theaa markings
"are in some iv*-i.* cts the most important
of nil anthropological data." Ho makes,
too. the Btatoment that tbey "have tho
nninne merit of retaining all their peculiarities unchanged through life, and afford in consequence an incomparably
surer criterion of identity than tiny other
bodily feature.
The presence of these minuto ridges on
the fingor tips boenme the subject of physiological siiuly long ago. Strangely
tnough, they ure perfectly defined in
monkeys, but appear "lu a much less
advanced stugo in other mammalia."
We know that the fingor tips are studded with pores. There are au Intlnito
muuTwr of months always open which
lull tn due*.! that secrete p'.-raj.j.rnljon.
The ridges must assist touch, as thoy
"help in ilie discri min ation oi**fche character of surfaces that are variously rub-
bed as liejcl between tho tli wow.    Theso
rlllgea art* VlStWH In the child  uuliovii;
tbey increase with tho growth of thu individual, and are sharply deilned until
old age sets in. Moderate work develops them, and thev un* vtsiblu "n tho
toes. They are faintly dovftlopud in tlie
bauds of ladiea." The onsning stalo-
ment used by Mr. Galton is not fortunate, for ho adds lhat "they nre not
visible on fingers of idiots of Uie lowest
type, who are incapable of laboring at
all."
What Mr. Gallon wants to show in
that through thu prints .made by the
fiu)*er tips wulmve an absoluto method
of identification. As to that stupid
thing, palmistry, our authority says it
has uo more wgnifleuueo than have
lho creases on old clothes. The ridges
My. Galton divides into three categories of arches, loops, and whorls,
and his book abounds in euiiims pictures
of linger prints, Magnified by menus of
thecamera. It seems to us to be terribly
complex. As no two persons' fingertips
aro consiilorod to be alike, and us there
is individualism in the fingers ofthe right
-t.nl left hand, aud there ure ten fingers
lu all. there would have tu be tt u distinct examinations bufore an identification ccjuhl be positive.
When one comes to the real practical
nao of thu finger-mark method it seems
Io have mme. If i here be any reliiuico
to be put in it asa means of identification
it would require au expert having uncommon powers of observation. When
we are told thut there are "about thirty-
five points (of resemblance) situated on
the bulb of each of the ten digits, in addition to nitre than too on tho ball of the
thumb," it may 1 c seen how troublesome
the matter is likely to bo, Then, as one
has lo work up over -i thousand points
on his own lunula, or ou somebody else's
bauds, hours, days and weeks might
elapse before anything liki . conclusion
could be reached. Srieiilttieiilly, when
further treated, the subject may be of
minor interest; practicallv, it has none
at all. The book, of course, shows that
dilligeuco and hard work which are common to everything Mr. Galton doos.bnt,
really, "the plav w not worth tho caudle."���Literarv col, N.Y. Times.
IV ���������..���tin!.
Yon emmot ploiito everybody, but that
Is no good reason why you should confine yonr efforts :o pleasing yourself.���
Galveston News.
Mrs. Gesbloynskl, the Rusiian woman
who died in New York last week at tho
reputed age of LS-i yonr-*, who hud been
living wiih her youngest daughter, aged
���yj years, in that city, looked like a
mummy, and was regarded with superstitions owe by thy women aud Child-
��� run of the neighborhood.
Dr. W  J. Young
Physician # Surgeon
OFFICE <fc RESrD-ClTC.
Couitcmiy I'lvirm.iry
COWRTENAY,  B.  C
Chas R Hardy & Co
Estill.
Anil Kiirim-liil Hrolter
Niilury l-i.l.lit-. Convoynnoer,
Nanitlino.  It. O.
vVARNING
All persons driving over the wharf
or bridges in Comox district faster
thin a walk, will lie prosecuted accord
in�� to law,
S. Cr-eeli
Gov. Agent.
J. \V. McKenzie
Courtenay- 15. C.
General lllncksmtlhing
and llnrso Shoeing.
Loggers' Work a Specialty.
UNION BAKERY
Comienay  B.   G.
Uitat of   Everything in this
Line Constantly on Hand.
Clay & Viles, Props.
LOOK.
if   *���*   |    '������
In ion! i very
���    AND    -
_*H '-SEE Qt^ELS
J
All Kinds of Timing   Done.
Hoites and   Pi��s for Hire at
LOOK HERE
D21W Mill
All kinds of Rough and
Dressed 1.umber always on
hand and delivered at short
notice.
Also all kinds of olilding,
Lath, Sawn and \,'\ Shingles, and dressed i'ine und Cedar always on hand.
Orders  promptly  executed.
NOTICE THISI
ft'1 J
sip   itf-in-nt
Which we possess will do
your stumping speedily, neatly, and at reasonable rates.
IMPROVE Your STOCK
M -PEB1MLI0I8
IJ 0
�� Norman   McLeod u
0 tl
"     The   justly     celebrated u
0 0
0  Clydesdale,     will    travel u
0 through  the District  this 0
0 " 0
i) season. ()
j] R. Grant & l_. Mounce, ||
0 Props. Union, B. C. C
G B Leighton
At tbe   Bay, Comox, B. 0.
Blacksmithing and Repairing
of all kinds
Carriage Work and Horseshoeing a specialty
Nanaimo   Saw  Mill
-  owi   ���
Sash a>id  Door Factory
A lliiuliun, I'm-. Jlill at- I'OBoxin. Tel. Ml
Nanaimo 11. C.
A complete slock of Roiwhtind Dressed
Lumber always on hand; also Shinnies,
Latlis, Pickets, Doors, \\ indmvs and
lllinds. Moulding', Scroll sawing, Tu"llillj|
anil all kinds ot wood fini-.liini; furnished
L'eilur,     Whiic   I'ine,     Itedwo.d.
All orders accompanied \vilhC.\sii onmipi
ly and carefully ntiended to.
Steamer i.siell
Harbor and outside tow iny done at reason
able rates.
F.  W. Hart
Manufacturor,   Importer,  Wholesale
and  Kotnil  Dealer    in
���PTTEMSriTTTR-S
CAItl'I'.IS,    I.INOI.KUM, Oil. C1.0TII    ANtl
- HOUSE     l-'UUINlSHINi;  -
��-5?' Laij-esl Eslal'i;s|nneiu of ils kind.
I-J4 Cordova St.       Vnnrouver,    II. C
J. W. McCann
Carpenter    *
And Builder
General Job Work
-   t3T UNDERTAKER.
Courtenay B. C,
Fraser JiThomas
Stage and Livery Business
Stage connects with all  steamers at
the Bay.
Also iilo a general
Teaming Business
Orders maj bs let! at lhe Courtenay
H itel, or this nffiee.
Dr W J Curry
(UENTI8T.)
H A Simpson
Barrister and Solicitor.   Office in 2nd
Green's Block-nrorPost Office-- Nanai-l.      ���      G      ,,   ,,|ock
ii'O.   Any number of teeth removed
without pain and without thc use of Nanaimo, R 0.
Killer or Chloroform.
We have received our new Millenery snd are  very busy   filling orders
for spring Hats and Bonn;ts,   Come down  and see us at once
IIS,      DRESS   GOODS      ��M
Wo h-ivo surpassed anythiujj ever attempted before   in  this   line,   a��d
tbe trimming-* are simply elegant.
All our  New Jackets and Capes are to hand
SLOAN & SCOTT
Commercial Street Nanaimo B. 0,
I Make It a Point I Know
Wi GOODS IMDLE,
Kor "he hist thirty years having liaiiillitl Silver Wire, manufactured hy thn
Ccli-hriite.l firms of llied atlil IJiifion���Kodgi-rs 18-17 ���ol.tl Meriden Britannia,
1 know them to l.e A i.   [J^. In Jewelry, Clocks, Watches, und  bpeoittcles,
I Show lh- Lni'gaslStocK in ilie,-iiy, AT HARD Tl.MI'S   1'V.KJl.S.
Speonl atienti1 n given lo repining in ALL Bi-.tn-h-H of tin- Trade,
[L*--.        Orders hy mail will liav.i pronint atten' ion. ^3
Crescent Jewelry Stor
Nanaimo B, 0,
lancouver Furniture Warehouse,"
KstiilitlAliod is;:t-
BASTiON,   WHARF   AND   FRONT   STREETS
JOHN HILBERT,
MANUFACTURER AND DIRECT IMPORTER
���       Alia Dealer In       ���
CARl'ETS BEDDING AND WALL PAPER,
GENERAL HOUSE FURNISHING GOODS,
AGENT Will IT. SEWING MACHINES. UNDERTAKER.
nanaimo b.c.   ���*���<*�����������*"������
Nanaimo Cigar factory.
Philip Gable, Proprietor.
jjaston Street      ���    Nanaimo B. C.
Manuf-tctures   tlie   finest   cijfares,
eniployilig none but white labor.
Why purchn.se Inferior foreiyvi cigars,
when you cun obtain u sui'Kkiok arti-
clk for the same money?
Raper Raper & Go,
Bookaollei-s,      Statiouers,
Genaral   Naws   Agenti.
Nanaimo. 11. C.
Nanaimo MacMne Works
OF
Mart J, Worn'
I'raser Strcif t
l\ea������ Bastion Street Bridge
Nanaimo' B. C.
All Kindii of Machinery made to order
and repaired.
Fruit Trees
Mainland Nursery
*      Ladders Landing 11. C.
A large supply of three aiul four year oh
J^^^XjE  TEES3
Also Pears Plumes, Prunes, hnd Peachei
Ornnmental trees for lawns and yra3!
plots.   Small fruits,  shrubs   ami ever
greens of every variety.
M. R, Gilchrist,
Courtenay
C. B.
The Nanaimo Pharmacy
Nanaimo B. 0.
\V, E. Mc Cartney Chemist,
Manager.
Pure Drugs Cht-mlenln niul   P-ttent
MfdieiiifH.
l'li.v��h'-in*i   Pro8��liii.ioiiBiimiallon.orH Ml'd
wiili cure mud tli-jiHit h i��, u. box iii
Geo. Bevilockway,
Red House
nnm-merelal St.     a-   Nanaimo. D. C.
Dealer in General Merchandise.
Migliest cash Price Paid for Ftirs,Hides,
and Country Produce.
Ralph Craig's
t Nanaimo Steam
CARRAGE WORKS.
Huston St. Bridge, Nan.tinu), H. C.
General lilncksmithing, Horseshoeing
Citrrage Building, etc.
Wagons   and   Farming   Implement*:
made .mil repaired. Miners' Auger Drill-
'.���ing Machines made to order on short
notice,
J. G. Melvin
Experienced Watchmaker
Manulacturing Jeweler
And Diamond Setter.
Work done for thc trade.
Repairing a specially
A trial solicited
Orders by mail
Bon 5QS,  No ;oS Abbot St.  Vancouver.
Eureka   Bottling  Works,
LOVIS LAWRENCE, PROPRIETOR,
MANUKACTUllKH OK
SODA   WATER,    LEMONADE,   GINGER    ALE,
.Sarsaparalla and Champagne Cider, Iron Phosphates, Syrups.
Dottier of Different Brands of I.ngcr llccr Steam Uccrand Porter
Ae,cnt for Union Brewery Company.
Nanaimo and Courtenay  B.   C.
ID. McLean
Jeweler, Bookseller
and Dealer in
Organs, Pianos, Music
Stationery,   and   Notions of all kinds.
Union   Mines, B. C.
m**1��+*r++t**r1r***+***r*++***>*+++++**+*>
A Prize Rebus!
j5p- HiA S   fe3
WAS   A
The LAD1KH' COMI��ASI<!>\ Is a .I'-rli-elii.***-*. M pupp Illiiftr-itrtl Miu'nzhiti.
iti'votfd to Lilei'.'iUiii*, ll-.m.- L l>, Kaslil. n, etc.. ni'-st niii-n'c in i.|'ii.*nrailCO and ]*;itivu.
iKril Iiy tliebt'st<*!.t*h ���-(n-mlirH. Tlio tnoit WMSt t-'nod in.lb will WKL*it with uvory snli-
Bcrit��rtboU) as regards the UagtiKiiie nmi premiums.
jaegSSTSW.   Wl' \��d.l\.i\i L**lii*-H* <*i)int*rtnlii*i. Pl.on a vi*ur; I.:iilh-�� nt H*iluo.
MV&SS&'llP Wi'i'iil- :��� vi'nr; *>nr Hi.y.t mil -I-JI'-Im, al -.*"i rnil.* n yi.ii-.   \otv<
^i'g^sis~s   onrnd-lrt'HH, 1'irt rutu-Yttt,. lVwt, nnil uo not oonftumlour pub-
**s->jr        M     lieiitioiia with any others 0* luinowllut Btmlllir iinim*a.
PREMIUM   LIST.
Tothe flr.��i pcrx-ui ar.lvlncriui7.z1-- wi�� will nwnvil an DloRnnt HcikpwoimI P.iun>,
Vfilunl at ��m*): i he ii"M ��:n ,.,-, ������..,* Void Wnt'-li: il>. ��� I'i'nl n Mllli town* Vnttevn :
tin- loiirlh.nN-.vU-4 ttuKi'* ItHix; tin* lifth, u Nllvcr Wnti-li: !!���.��� mill, n U.\M*n.l*
I-ami-; tlii-si-wi.th, n (i.n.ii Hiiiii-ni: Un*, i-'l-IiIIi h Sii.veh Kivi: iif'i.inK Tka Skit; lo
Un- iii-xt It'll will hi'irv-it i-ni'li a In-niitli'ii' linLH Mmnn'il. 'i'.i tin* iiililtlln ��imlor WllUo
iiH-iii.ini u labiuci Or-rim; ami t<> lh,* t-n (������tl'rtViiij.M-in-li n ClIAYONlViUTlUITlif
M'nilcr nr ni,v ti,. mi. Tl... *,���:, '- r. I* 1,-tl r h. :ii inir lull ������*( i.i-IiiihU. ].n*\ ;..-*������ to Alien*! l.Mh
lituit, will nr.'.vi* a -t-iolil  Wnlch.   Tin* s.-n.l-i* n.-M lo lasl will rufcivii u Silver
iVnii-ii; t. ii pm-cwlttiir, cuoii n bonuttfu! (iolil iii'iuk'Ii.
���f*OMHTi*iw.'M!-K:ii'h pdntostiml nnisi cut wIvorHBompiit Olll ntnl r.-iwaitt to
lit wMli -'urn-el fi'i-nv-r ami Thirty 4'ctitM fur tlircu iiiniilir-* nuli-n-ri|iti-n* to tin*
LAUU*.a'UOMPANIi N   Atiaru-ui-luliily.
"F" LADIES' COMPANION PUB. CO., ioa King St., West, Toronto, Can. r
 L.        -��
This town is located in tlie
midst ofthe largest agricultural
settlement on Vancouver Island, it is within six miles of
Union Mines affording the farmers of the valley the very
best home market, and is situated on the only highway
leading from the settlement to
the mines. The lumber interests of this section are most ex
tensive, aud are an important
factor in our progress.
The per cent of improvements of this town during the
present year is greater than
any olher place the Coast
can boast of, ami the march of
improvement is  still onward.
Thc prosperity of the town
has for its foundations, then-
fore large mineral, agricultural,
and timber recources. It may
also be adtled that no section
furnishes a better field for the
sportsman. Fish and game
are always abundant and our
hotels of the best.
Wm. Cheney
[   Office at the bridge ]
OOTJE-TEl*TA.ir B.C.
Real Estate Agent and Auctioneer.
Lots sold on easy terms.
SETTLERS SATISFACTORILY LOCATES  ON PUBLIC LANDS.
Comox Saw Mills.
Rough and Dressed Lumber
White Pine always in stock.
All orders executed promptly.
Urphart Bros. Proprs. Comox B.C,

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