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The Weekly News Mar 24, 1896

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Array xNO. 176. UNION, COMOX DISTRICT, B. C, TUESDAY, MAR. 24, 1896. $2.00 PER YEAR
V JAMES McKIM
"N
Has just received a large consignment of
Staple Dry Goods, Imported Direct from
Stewart & McDonald's,  Glasgow.
These goods are of the Latest Styles and Patterns
and being of the Best Manufacture,
are Warrenteh to cive Satisfaction.
The General Grocery  business will be
conducted as usual at ROCK BOTTOM
figures and every effort will be made by
the undersigned to cater to the requirements
of his numerous customers.
J-\MESMcKIM.
Goal Mines Regulation Act
Examination ter colliery Managers
Certificate* ot Competency
Notice is hereby given that an examination lor Man igers Certificates of .Competency under the above named Act will
be held at Nanaimo, on or about the ind
Thursday of April, 1(96. Candidates
intending to piesent themselves at snch
examination must, on or before the ist
day of April. 1896, notify surh intention
to the Chairman of the Hoard from whom
all information as to particulars can be
obtained.
Applicants for examination must not
be less than 23 years of age and must
have had at least two years experience
underground in a coal mine (or mines).
Along with the application they ue to
lend .1 certificate of service from their
present or previous employer.
TAKE NOTICE that there will also
be an examination held at Union ia
August month, 1896. This examination
is for thc same object as the one above
referred to which is to be held in Nanai*
ma.    For particulars apply to
ARCHIBALD DICK,
Chairman ofthe Board, Nanaimo.
Nanaimo, January 9th, 1896.
YARWOOD & YOUNG
BARRISTERS and SOLICITOUS
Center of Bastion and Commercial
Streets, Nitouiuin, B. C.
Bu*MH Oracx, Third Street snd Dnnsmair
Avenue, B. C.
Henry Cunliffe
BAKER OF	
Home Made Bread and   First
Class Pies, Cakes, Etc
eeTShoo nnt West of Kelly's Photograph
Gallery.
&-T~j-~ HIM
A FINE STOCK OF >
Clocks, watches, books
and stationery.
T. D. McLean
���: J~l~T~\TJ~~���'.-
xranoir, s. c.
X_-.T-U.GT8 FBOM CROWN LAND
SURVEYS
Between Comax and Ottsr Cove, Van-
eouvar Island, t distance of 70 miles, there
are good agricultural and timber lands,
probably not leu thao 200,000 acres. The
clearing of these lauds for farming purposes
is uo doubt expensive, but the result  in so
tjood a climate as that of Vaucnuver Island
saves the farmer wbo has tbe enterprise to
netleruks and oarry it through to completive ho-hcnmf���rtahle and independent.
Good Uod* ailjiiinn g the coast ars especially valuable, u ihe Ings may be sold when
steering instead 0* being burned.
1 * f
ln the Oomox Dntiio-, about 140  miles
from Victoria, the soil is spread overs very
eonsideralile area of prairie 0 >uutry, cum
monly designated au opening, extending
from ths ooeit up ths different branches of
ths Courtenay River for teveu or eight
miles. The surface of this district, which
is naturally free from tiaabw, with the exception of single trees aud stump.*, onietiy
ef oaks aad strip, of alders ia the bottoms,
may be some twelve square Uilles, the
scenery of which is picturesque ud parklike. Its margin is very irregular in shape,
and it is surrounded by a growth of very
heavy timber, among wbioh sre the Doug*
lu pine, often attaining teu leet in diameter and two hundred feet iu height, half of
which is free from branches, snd the oedar
often equally large. The open country iu
its natural state is mostly covered   with  a
growth of ferns, whioh sometimes ettam a
sight of teu feet, with stems three-quarters
of au inch in diameter, and roots descending to a depth of three feet. The roots the
native Indians prepare in -orne peculiar way
lor winter food, aad excavate deep trenches
to obtain them. The farmers are under the
ueeessity of grubbing up tns fern roots
before the ground is ready for uae, and they
are ofteu voluntarily assisted hy their pigs
ia this operation; these animals, it ia said,
relishing the fern root ss food, I wu informed by Ur. John Bobb aud Ur. John
HoFulas, two partnership settlers ef tha
district, that tbe average yield of land,
after it ia cleared and thoroughly under
cultivation, is, of wheat from 90 to 35
bushels per acre j barley, 40 tu 45 bushels;
eats (0 to 68 j pease 40 to 4Ij potatoes lip
to 20t; turnips, 2t to 25 tous Soma of
the turnips exhibited by Ur. Robb at the
agricultural show are said to hare bean remarkably heavy, but those of the Swedish
and yellow varieties seen by me, I consider
rather small. Tha season, however, wu
uid to be au uausually dry one. The yield
of timothy hay is said tn bit about twa tous
per sera. Clover thrives well, aod rye
grass is valued for its altar orop.
The yield of butter per oow, after ealf
feeding, ie about 150 lbs. annually, the
ordiaary selling price being 40 cents per
pound. Cattle generally require to be
home fed from the beginning of December
to the middle of April. Snow seldom lies
long. Heavy falls sometimes ocaur; but
generally disappear in a tew days. Onoe or
twioe snow bsa remained oa the ground (or
two months. Apples, pears, plums, cherries
white aud rod raipborrtee, red, white, and
black eurrants, aud most kinds of fruit
thrive remarkably wall. Soma applw, of
which I obtained samples, measured thirteen
inches in circumference and weigh'd nine*
teau ounces. They were high favored, and
well adapted for earing and conking. Of
tke pears, many measured eleven inches in
oircumfereucs, aad were high Savoured aad
J��i��J*	
A PROGRESSIVE COMPANY
WHOLESALING
Mr. Simon Leiser has taken out a
wholesale liquor license and will in future
carry in atock a complete line of liquors,
both in bulk nnd case. He will also act
as agent for Ihe Victoria Phoenix Brewery, and will keep their celebrated beers
coustahtly on hand.
FARM FOB SALB
Farm of 160 acres 4 miles from Comox
wharf for sale.   For particulars enquire
of Father Duraad at the Bay or at tbe
New, ofT.ce.
Tht Union Mutual Life Ins. Company
���f Portland, Maine, is admittedly among
the best incorporations on the American
continent. Mr. J. E. Evans, Provincial
Manager, who is at present in the town,
reports that the business transacted by
his company for the first quirter of the
year, is highly satisfactory in character.
One of the most admirable features in the
company's system of life insurance, more
particularly from the standpoint of the
policy holder, is the operation of the
Maine non-forfeiture law.
Mr. T. J. Dalby, local agent, will be
pleased to give any information to any
one desirous of obtaining life  insurance.
FOR SALE���Pure White Plymouth Rook
Kjgs at T. r>, McLean's.
A STRANGER'S IMPRESSION
To Thk Editor of the News���It
was a surprise 10 me 10 (ind sn thriving
and promising a little town away up here
nestling at the foot of the Uufnrd mountains, which seem to suiround it protecting ly.
On the arrival of the train at Union, I
caught the first sight of the coal miners
standing, a sturdy, strong, brave looking
crowd of fellows, waiting to take the train
which conveys them to their work.
A picturesque group they were with
blackened faces, wearing a pit-lamp
attached to the front of their caps, and
carrying, each man, his dinner pail.
The miner's life compels ones admir-
mation, for we realize that each day he
faces a probable danger no other work is
menaced with. And yet, 1 am informed
almost every accident is the result of
individual carelessness, and the Colliery
Company surround their employes with
���very precautionary measure for safety.
The sun was shining brightly when I
started to "take in" the town.
Ynu have stores which would be a
source of pride and accommodation to
many larger places; dry goods stores,
where are displayed all the late novelties.
The leading ones I found as reasonable
in prices as further east.
Simon Leiser's mammoth department
store where vou can find everything from
a paper of pint tu a silk dress in the dry
goods department, everything in the
house furnishing line in their annex, and
in the grocery department all that cheers
and nourishes the inner man, is nn establishment rivalling any in the province.
Mr. Leiser keeps a large start of clerks,
who seem alwaya busily hurried.
Grant & McGregor's furniture store
and undertaking rooms, are inaca nod.
ious business building,
There is a photograph gallery where 1
saw work which would compare with any.
There are several good hotels, two
barber shops, a first class drug store, tin
shops, iewelerv stores, stationery and
millinery stores, harness shop and others
which 1 noted.
There ara many pretentious residences
for so aew a place.  * ***
We called on Mr. Whitney, Ihe urbane
and bustling editor of the News and
found him busy, but with time to spare
in which to expatiate on the advantages
of being a resioent of Union.
The sound ofthe carpenter's hammers
ringing their busy rat-a-tat-tat from every
side, evidenced that building is brisk.
Through the camp to the R R. freight
offices is about two miles, and the
cottages huilt by the company for the
miners and their families extend the entire distance on either side of the road.
In many of the windows are plants, evidences of refinement and lave of nature.
The Chirtese quarter, like that of other
places, is dingy and uninviting.
The company, of which Mr. James
Dunsmuir is president and chief stockholder, is surveying a location for the
new offices they will erect right aw?y.
Mr. Dunsmuir's discriminating judgment, aided by kis immense capital, has
made Union, a place of business and a
home for the industrious sober class of
working men; and yet I am told not so
very long ago some person or persons,
who could not have viewed the situation
with good judgment, tried to arouse a
feeling of dissatisfaction among the
miners. These anarchic influences in*
variably result most disastrously to the
working man himself, and few reason
how much capital really helps the manv.
In the States are hordes of idle man who
would flock gladly to fill places where a
fair wage is paid.
The people whom I met seemed busy
and each man shared wilh nis neighbor
a great faith in a prosperous future for
Union.
The population is about 3,000, many
being Japanese and Chinese and the
town is only three years old.
The surrounding couniry is a farming
district, very fertile: I am mid.
The trip to Union on the Joan is a delightful one.
I was assured there are numbers of
lonely bachelors sighing 10 be benedicts,
who are satisfied it is not well for a man
to live alone.
The hospital ably conducted, is truly a
boon I* those who are without homes or
family���and among the miners there are
many so situated.
There is a brass band here which is
very good.
With the most conftrme-l optimist resident I think Union has not vet reached
her acme of tiie and prosperity,
���A Strang ex.
SIDEWALK STATEMENT
The following statement relating to ths
building of the sidewalk from Dunsmuir
avenue up 2nd street to the bridge leading
to Fjruwuod Hoi'-ats will be nf interest to
tbess who contributed tn the enterprise.
Amount of contract was $87, and cosi of
clearing $4 50, making a total cost of
$91.50. There was collected by aubrcrip-
tion, 182.75, leaving a luUuce of $3.75
whioh hat baea ps'd hy the Epwtcth
League,
McPhee & Moore
FAMILY MOCKS AND MEAT MARKET
���-IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN-
Flour, Feed, Field and Garden Seeds, Etc., Etc
OTJR 3VC__3A.T MARKET
Is well stocked with choice fresh ancl salt
meats, vegetables, butter, eggs, poultry and
all kinds of fruits . . .
.������*- ^"Goods Delivered Promptly
UNION SHIPPING
The tug Muriel called in on the 18th
and took 31 ions ol coal for vessel's use.
The tug Vancouver with scow left on
the 18th with 119 tons ef coal for Victoria
The tug Tepic and scow left nn the
l8lh with 400 tons of coal for the C.P.R.
The Rainbow left on the 19th with 141
tons of coal for the C. P. N., Victoria.
The tug Tepic left on the joth with
424 tons of coal for thc C. P. R., Vancouver.
Tbe tug Mischief look on the 10th 44
tons of coal for the vessel's use.
The San Mateo left todav (Tuesday
34th) for Port Los Angeles with 4,300 of
coal for the Southern Pacific.
Tbe Progressist and Minneola will
both be due Wednesday night.
HASaViUtADE BALL
The masquerade ball to be given at
K. of P. hall, Comox Day will lake place
on Thursday the 9th of April. The
original date as published in the News
was brought to the office from Comox
Hay by a gentleman who mistook the
date, i's we are assutsd the hall was engaged for lhe 9th and nol the 2nd. It is
hoped therefore thut any annoyance
occasioned by the supposed date will
now, that the true dale is known, be removed. There will be more time to prepare the make-ups for the ball, and
where these are made by, or under the
direction of the persons who are to wear
ihem, they show individual tasle, and a
fitness not otherwise attained.
CREAMERY OB CHEESE
FACTORY
A Mr. Lawson of Mt. Pleasant met a
few of the Farmers at the Agricultural
Hall, Courtenay to consider ihe subject
of starting a cheese lactory. Further
consideration of the matter was deferred
until next Thursday evening when it is
hoped thai all interested will aitend at
the Hall. All present were alive to the
desirability of a creamery or cheese factory being built. The committee hope
all will be present next meeting to give
their views.
SECOND SAY OP MAY
Or, the 2nd of May at Cumberland Hall
the Union llra*,s Band will give their
Benefit Concert. The band cleared
from $90 to $100 at their benefit ball,
and hope to make enough at their Benefit Concert to enable them to procure
suitable uniforms.
CHANGE OF TIKE
The ss. Joan will leave Comox Fridiy
mornings one linur later than heretofore
and trains connecting with the Joun will
leave Union depot Fridays at 7 a.m. calling ,11 the sawmill at 7.15.
SUNDAY SERVICES
St. Gkoiikh's Prksiivtiwia!* Ciiukch���
Rev. J. A Lugito, pa*,tor. 8ervioes at 11 a.
in. auu 7 p. m. Sunday School at 2:30.
YP.SCB at close of eveumg eervice.
Communion ou ths laat Sabbath ot this
mouth,
Methodist Chcbch��� Services at the
usual hours mnruing aud evening. Rev. C.
H M. Sutherland, pastor.
Trinitv I'hcrch-Ssivicei, to ibe evening,    Rev. J   X. Willemar, rector.
RANCH FOR SALE
One mile and a half from Union: contains 160 acres and will be disposed of at
a low figure.   Enquire of
James Abrams.
For Rknt.���The butcher shop at
Union fitted up readv for business, lately
occupied bv A* C. Fuilon. Cullon him
or enquire of A. Urquhart, Comox.
SATURDAY NIGHT'S ENTERTAINMENT
The entertainment Saturday night at
Cumberland Hall must have netted a
verv pretty sum as the hall was crowded.
Rev. Mr. Logan presided.
We have nnt space 10 notice in detail
the various pieces, nor is this necessary
as the programme was published last
week, but reference to two or three may
perhaps appropriately he made.
Miss Webster reciied " lhe Curfew
shall nut ring tonight," with very diauact
voice and articulation, giving emphasis
where demanded. Perhaps in the parts
which required less voice and action she
was best. She lost herself to a fair extent in the character assumed, throwing
a good deal of feeling into her voice, and
was roundly cheered at the close.
The tableaux were well arranged and
striking, but the method of throwing a
strong bright light upon them so as to
make them most eli'eciive filled the room
with a smoke ancl odor highly objectionable and shows that a1 number of these
pieces should not be given in succession.
The Delsane drill was the most ambitious performance and must have cost
the young ladies a good deal of study
and practice. The ladies themselves
were well selected for the purpose being
of the right height and figure and naturally making a graceful pose. The attitudes assumed were correct and well expressed the sentiment intended.
It may be suggested in this connection lhat there can be just a little too
much even of a goud thing, and that it if
always best to close soon enough to leave
behind a feeling lhat it was all too short.
But when so much time and labor are
bestowed upnn a single piece it seems,
we knuw, a pity 10 hurry it off the stage
very quickly.
And now comes lhe unpleasant part
At such entertainments there are generally a large number of small boys, and
we are glad to see this as they may learn
much that is elevating as weil as being
amused and instructed. The tendency
is, however, and a growing one in this
town, for the bnys in be unnecessarily
noisy. This should be checked oot only
for the benetit of those who patronise
these entertainments but for the welfare
of the boys themselves. It cannot be ef*
feclunllv done always by any appeals from
the chairman. Arrangements should in
all cases, here as in the cities, be made
for the attendance of a policeman. The
mere presence nf an officer would be a
wholesome restraint. Saturday night the
boys were not only noisy but amused
themselves by tipping or letting down
seats, and by throwing shells and nuts at
the heads of people. To tolerate or trifle with such offences is 10 encourage
them. Where an officer's attendancecan
not be secured, a special will be appoin -
ted on request. Let the boys attend by
all means but make tl-.em behava themselves, or it will soon come tn this, that
no one will attend. Our town is youug
and it is'cssenti.tl that in the beginning
lawlessness shall be  sternly  repressed.
FAB AWAY FIELDS
The News of Tacoma hut this to say
of the rush to Alaska:
The News is informed on credible
authority lhat there are quite a number
ofTacomans who have started off for
Alaska gold fields and as many more
contemplating going who. are oot financially prepared to work the gold miniag
industry on a basis of much work and
small returns but are in expectation of
striking it rich before their grub stake
pans otn. To all such we have only oue
word of advice. It is Don't ! There is
no doubt much hidden treasure up there
in the land ol the midnight sun but the
summer season is short and the winter is
long and severe and the man who has
not enough on hand when the cold settles
down to carry him through the winter is
bound to endure much hardship, if
nothing worse, and will be wishing himself back in Tacoma, where at least he
can gel three square meals a day, and
where the thermometer dees not go out
of sijbt. ���
;
A ROMANCE OF GRIME.
Two Men Confess to a Murder
Never Committed.
ADTERTIS1NS FDR THE "VICTIM."
Iltorlul Kliltonla of tne seareh���Tracing
the .VII. i Dmvu-l-iiiitiil at l.aut���Kei-og-
iil/ml by Many���Liberation of the  l'rls-
i,n**r*. - i ii*rini,-iii,iittni    avltleuoe   at
Fault.
The mind ol the average layman
ta apt to picture the contents ol
tbe hundreds ol volumes In the law
library ns pretty dry reading, But
there are many strange and interesting things bound up there, well worth
tbe seeking, Ouo ol the strongest
hus recently como to the library ln
pamphlet lorin. It is the story ul a
supposed niurflcr iu Vermont, the con-
teseion oi two men to thc crime, their
conviction and sentence to death, aud
posed murdered man brought about
then the strange return ol the sup-
by an advertisement in the daily
press. It Is a story ot doings ln the
early part of tlio present century,
and was not printed until 1873. The
tacts wero gathered and arranged
for printing by Leonard Snrgeunt, ex-
Lleut.-Governor of Vermont, from
minutes taken during the trial uud
afterward. It Is frojn the pamphlot
that the strange .story is taken.
In the spring ol 1812 tliere lived
ln the town ol Muncjiester, Vt., a
family named Boom, consisting ol the
father, Barney Boom, his wife and
two grown sons, Stephen aud Jesse,
and a duugliter named Sully, who
had beeu married eighteen years to
a man named Ruseell Calvin, and who,
with her husband and two children,
also lived with her father. The
younger members ol the family were
considered rather wild. Calviu, ths
eon-ln-law, wan a man of weak intellect, and would sometimes absent
himsell lor mouths at a time. In ths
month ol May, 1812, during Mrs. Calvin's absence, her husband disappeared. Days and months nnd even
years rolled on nnd nothing was
heard ol the missing man.
TERRIBLE SUSPICIONS.
People hegun to make inquiries, aud
suspicions ot foul play soon became
whispered ahout. To add luel to the
flame. It was remembered that the
young Booms had spoken Btrangely
ol the disappearance of Calvin. One
ol them had said lie knew Calvin was
dead, and the other that they had
put hlin where potatoes would not
freeze. Though those were probably
Idle remarks when made, they served
to engender a. belief In the minds of
many that the Booms were responsible for Calvin's disappearance. In
a short time the public camo to the
conclusion that Calvin had been
murdered und that the Booms were
the murderers. .Some children .-it play
on or near tlio old Boom place one
day found a hat in a moldy nnd di-
lapldated condition, which was re
cognized as Calvin's. Search was at
once made lor the bones of the unfortunate man. About this time Anion
Boom, uncle of Stephen anil .(esse,
and a mun of unimpeachable character, dreamed that Calvin came to his
bedside and told liim that lie had
been murdered, and to follow hini anil
he would lead to the spot where he
wns purled. This was repeated three
times. The place ol burial as described In the dream was an old cellar
hole, over which a house had once
stood. To the many superstitious people ol the neighborhood these dreams
were taken as "confirmation strong
as proof ol holy writ."
About this timo a barn on thc
farm was burned, and It was supposed by many thnt the body might
have lieen concealed therein. Another circumstance occurred which
excited much attention. A Ind antl
a dog wore walking one day near
Barney Boom's when the dog began
to dig under an old stump. Soon
some bones wero dug out, and on be*
lug examined were pronounced to lit
human. This was too much* for thn
excited Inhabitants. Stephen Boom
had recently removed to New York
State, but Jesse wns arrested and
taken betore Justice of the Pence Joel
Pratt. This was on April 27th. 1819,
nearly seven years after Calvin's ills-
appearance. Tlio examination of the
prisoner lasted lour days and was attended by a large concourse of people. Tho old cellar hole was reopened,
and a large knife, n pen-knlte and a
button wero found, the large knife
and button tiling identified as Calvin's.
The bones found by tho dog In the
hollow stump wero taken to court,
and lour physicians pronounced them
hones ot a human loot. This decision
was, afterward changed on coiupnr*
Ing the bones vvitii those of it human
foot brought from a neighboring
town. That dampened the public
ardor somewhat, and It Is probable
that Jesse would have lieen discharged
bnt lor tho fact that on Sunday lie
mado a statement that he believed
Calvin had lieen murdered and that
his brother Stephen was the murderer.
THE CONFESSION VERIFIED,
Ho said that Stephen told him the
previous winter that he (Stephen)
and Calvin wero hoeing In the Meld,
that they quarrelled and that he
atruck Cnlvln on the bend with a club
and fractured his skull. He said
that he did not know what had become of the body, but mentioned several places where ho thought It might
he found. Whether It was to save
himself or somo other consideration
that induced Jesse to mako this statement wub never known, but it added
greatly to the public excitement. Although tho whole countryside was
searched by the townspeople no trace
of Calvin's body was found. But neither tho court nor the people were
satisfied. A warrant was Issued nnd
despatched to New York, where Stephen Boom wns arrested. Both men
were held lor the grnnd Jury, an,!
Barney Boorn, tho boy's father, was
ulso arrested as accessory to the murder. But he was discharged, much
to the  Indiguntioii  ol  the public.
The ense against the Bone came up
before the September Grand Jury. The
principal witness against theni was
one Silas Merrill, who was confined ln
the same Jail on the charge of forgery. He testified thnt Jesse made
n confession to him in June, while
thoy were together In the Jail. Whether n nv snch confession wna ever ninrlo
Is doubtful. One thing ls certain, betore the sitting ol the Grand Jury
Merrill hnd been confined In chains,
while nfter the event his chains were
removed nnd he wns permitted to go
shout the streets. The Ornml Jury
Indicted both Jesse and Stephen for
Calvin's murder, As tho law then
was. capital rnsrs could only lie tried
before a full bench, and the requisite
nnuiliT of Judges not being present,
the trial was postponed until the following Novemlier. In the meantime,
public feeling against the prisoners
was intense. Almost without exception thoy wero believed to lie
guilty. Officers of the law who visited tho men in Jail told them ths caso
was clearly against them ", that to
confORs wns the best thing they could
do; thnt if they made a confession
nn effort would be mnde to have their
sentences commuted to Imprisonment
'or Iffo. Convinced that this was
their only hope, Stephen made a written confession, taking upon himself
the sole responsibility of the crime,
but claiming that he and Calvin had
a quarrel, and thnt Calvin struck him
first. Tho confession coincided sub*
stnntlully with circumstantial evidence previously Induced.
CIRCUMSTANTIAL, EVIDENCE.
Tlie trial took place in November,
1819, before Chief Justice Chase and
Judges Joel Doollttle nnd William
Brayton. Thc evidence against the
prisoners was entirely circumstantial
and most unimportant, with the exception of the confessions, which were
objected, to by defendants' connscl,
but admitted In evidence. An effort
was made on the part of the defense
to weaken the clfcct of the confessions on the Jury by Introducing testimony to show that they hnd been
subjected to strong outside Influence.
Lnrge crowds ol pepole from Manchester and neighboring towns attended
the trial -which was held ln the Congregational Church, ns the court
house -would not accommodate the
multitude. Great Interest was manifested in the case by all classes and
verv few could be found who, did not
believe the prisoners guilty, or who
would venture to say a kind word
for them. The judge charged In relation to the confessions thnt no
weight should lie attached to n eon*
fesslon Incited by hope or fenr and
left tt for the Jurv to determlns
whether the con*essio"S In tlie enn,,
were so Influenced. T,nW rulings
would probnhh have excluded tbe
confessions from the e.*:s-> on that
ground, bit Ju-le-c Chase wai rega-ded
as one of the ablest Jurists of the time.
After an absence of i-ne hour the
Ju-y returned a verdict of murder In
the first degree against both prisoner. The prisoners were taken Into
rnn-t .iml both stoutly proclaimed Innocence nf the (--inu1. They were
then sentenced to be executed nn .tan,
28th, 182-0. So g-ent was the popular excitement ngnlnst the prisoners
at the time that Sirs, Bo'ivn, their
mother, was excommunicated from
the Baptist ehu-ch without form ol
t-i.-il because It was supposed she
must have been necessary to the murder. Notwithstanding tho general
feeling against the prisoners, there
vve-c a few who, though they may
have believed them guilty, had some
sympathy fo*- them, and signed a petition tn tlie State Legislature, whicli
then had jurisdiction of such matters,
fo* tlie pardon or commutation or
sentence. After a spirited debute In i
the Legislature Jesse's petition fmr j
commutation to ]lfe imprisonment
was carried by a vote of 10-1 to 31. j
Stephen's petition wns Inst by a vote
of 97 tn 42. Stephen was much depressed by the rejection nf his petition!,
ADVERTISED FOI! MISSING MAN.
To Mr. Sargeant, who had appeared
as his counsel, lie suggested as a last
resort that an advertisement for Cal-
via be put ln some newspaper. It was
thought a foolish thing, but was finally dune, and in the Rutland Herald
this advertisement wub published:
MURDER.
Printers of newspapers throughout
the United States are desired to publish that Stephen Boon), of Manchester, in Vermont, Is sentenced to he
executed lor the murder nf Russell
Calvin, who litis been abscut about
seven years. Any person who can
give Information of said Calvin may
save the Hie ol the iiinuccut by making liiiiiieillatccoinmiiulaatl'iii. ��� ��� *
In thc very issue of the Herald
in which the uotico was printed there
appeared an editorial maintaining
that there was no possibility of a
doubt thut Calvin was murdered, anil
ridiculed what it termed a in, lish at*
tempt to advertise Inr any informa*
tion concerning him. This notice was
copied by a New Vork paper In Its
lssuo ol Nov. 89th, 1811). The next
day it happened that the notice win
read ulouu lu otic of-the hotels ol that
city. A mau named Whclplcy, who
was within hearing, said he formerly
lived iu Manchester nud was well acquainted with Calvin. In tlie convc"-
siition which followed hu related muny
unccdoteg and peculiarities concerning
hlui. Tabor Chadwlck, uf Shrewsbury,
N. Jl, was also near and heard the
conversation. On tliinklng the matter over on his return home it occurred to him thut a mau then living with* his brotheu-ln-law. William Polhemus, of Dover, N. J., answered cjtactly the dcscrlutlon of Calvin as given by Jlr Whelpley. He
finally wrote ci his belief to the New
York pnpei and to the po.tniastcr
at ManrVeet >r. But us everyone
scouted tue Il.c.1 of Calvin being alive
little notice was taken of thc letters
nud nothing was done. But Mr. Whel-
pley had been impressed with Mr.
Chudwlck's conviction nd determined
on Ids own responsibility to go to
Nevv Jersey and find out tlie truth.
His expenses ln thfi matter wr re, however, afterward paid by ar, order of
the city treasury grant'** by De
Witt Clinton, then mayor if New
York.
A TRACE OF THE  MAN.
On arriving at thc housu of William
Polhemus and making known hie errand, Mr. Polhemus admitted that
there was such a man in his employ,
that be at first gave the name of
Culvin, but afterwards changed It,
and that the man was evidently deranged. Mr. Whelpley saw the man
und called him Calvin. He replied that
Mr. Whelpley must be mistaken; that
Culvin was not his name, although
it had been once, but thut he was
another mun. By degrees Mr. Whelpley induced the man to evince some
Interest lu his lormer friends and acquaintances in Manchester. Ho succeeded iu inducing Calvin to return
with him. In the meantime a letter
had beea sent to Manchester stating tliat Calvin had been found* A
few people began to believe tliat It
might bo true, but the greater part
were still incredulous, anil many bets
wen) made as to his being the genuine
Calvin. On nrrlvlng at Bennington
the county court was In session. Some
ono niHhcil ln and said that Calvin had come, and tho court broke
up ln great confusion; the Judges,
clerks, sheriff, lawyers and spectators
Jumped over benches and rushed
through windows and doors to see
tlie man who had been dead, and lor
whose supposed murder some of them
had been Instrumental In having two
men sentenced to be hanged. Calvin
was Immediately recognized by al
who formerly knew him. After B
short delay the party proceeded tr
Manchester, a courier having lieer
sent in advance to announce tlieli
coming. All along the route iieopli
gathered iu crowds to see him. and
when the stage drove up to Cuptair
Black's tavern in Manchester o
crowd had collected uud the wildest
excitement prevailed. Cannon wen
brought out and Stephen Boorn was
taken from Jail to lire the first volley in token or his escape from death
Tho most extravagant expressions of
Joy were Indulged in by the peoplo
who, at last convinced of their error
were only too glad to make reparation. For two or three days lnrgf
crowds collected from neighboring
towns to see tlie man who was believed to be murdered, and all rejoiced
at the unlooked-for termination ot
the affair.
JUSTICE AT LAST.
There could be no doubt of the Innocence of the Booms, hut they could not
be released from custody without due
process of law. Judge Skinner at once
wroto the Judges of the Supremi
Court, then In session in Addisor
county, that Calvin wub alive and ir
Manchester. The Judges replied that
they did not believe it could be Cal
vin, and directed a most searching ex
arnica tion to guard against deception
Ths inu' "-lentlty was firmly estab
lished, and at his own request 1* was
taken back to New Jersey, where ht
died a few years afterward.
The case was without precedent
and so Mr. Sargeant had to petition
the court for a new trial on thf
ground of newly discovered evidence
A new trial was granted, and a nol
pros was Immediately Issued by the
prosecuting officer. This ended thf
most singular trial then on the records ami ono nnout which there wa*
and has since been a great diversity
oi opinion. Perhaps u majority ol
those best acquainted with tho case
believed the Booms wero honest Id
supposing they had killed Culvin, or
that he died In consequence nt their
ill treatment; but, viewing the east
in all the light ol subsequent events
it ls the opinion of the pamphlet's author that they did nnt think so. Tliej
certainly could not huve disposed ol
tlio body in the manner described Ir,
tho confession, and after every known
means of defence nnd palliation had
apparently been exhausted, Stephen
was the first one to suggest advertls*
Ing lor Calvin. The confessions were
probably made and framed for thf
purpose of making tlio crime manslaughter or justifiable homicide, Instead of premeditated murder, and
seem to have been indicted by fear on
oue hand, men nf Influence repeatedly
telling them that the evidence was
strong enougli to convict them, and
hope on the other. Silas Merrill, who
was contincd with them, being a cunning rogue, no doubt advised them ae
to the best way to get out of it. There
were others who believed that Calvin
was really murdered, and that the
man supposed to have been Calvin
was an impostor, gotten up for tbe
purpose of clearing the Booms. Some
color was given this supposition by
the fact that Jesse Boorn wus after
ward arrested ln Ohio for forgery,
when he made the statement that It
was not Calvin, and that his brother,
Stephen, did actually murder bim.���
Brooklyn Eagle.
AT HER TOMB.
He visited the tumji where his beloved was laid. Currying a lighted
candle and kneeling by her coflln he
suid passionately: " Would I could
die! Would 1 could die I" Just then
the wind closed the door uml extinguished the light. Tho bereaved lover,
who had Just prayed lor death, rushed to the door. He could not open
Itl He tore ut It, knocked, kicked,
struggled and screamed loudly for
help. No answer; only tho utter silence unit darkness ol thu tomb. His
wish to die wna forgotten. He sank
down and wept--���with tears that
were not lor his beloved, but for himself. Time passed���time, time, time.
Who shall say how much? His brain
seemed as If It would give wuy, but
he prayed for sanity and his prayer
seemed to be heard. At last he was
assailed by intolerable pangs ot
hunger, and then he thought ot his
candle. He out It Into four parts.
He ate tho first quarter the first day.
the second on the second day, the
third on the third day, the last quarter tlio fourth day. No more he must
die of starvation. He made one more
and desperate effort to open the
door. It suddenly opened and the
keeper of tlte cemetery stood before him; the sunlight blinded him���
he fell from exhaustion. He bad been
there Just tour hours!���Ex.
REPUTATION AGAINST HIM.
" Y'ou havo the reputation of being
a shrewd business man,'* remarked tho
Iriend of a real estate boomer.
" Yes,' was the reply. " It's getting
so thnt whon I offer a man a genuine
bargain ho takes It for granted thnt
f  nm getting the b��st of him.'*
NOW I LAY ME DOWN TO SLEEP.
At mother's knee, tho greybeard says
he learned
His childhood prayer;
There, bravely told her all his faults
and fears
AVithout a care.
'* Pray, now I  lay mo down to sleep,
my boy,"
She sweetly snid,
" And  that tho Lord your soul will
keep," she stroked
Ills curly head.
At once ho Ielt her Invocation's power
And haply smiled;
The Intaut soul mado new resolves, by
her
Sweot lovo beguiled.
Out ot his lite that mother long has
gono,
But that caress���
Tho hand laid on tho curly hoad thero
bowed
That sho might bless,
Can never go I   Tho echo of her voico
Kings In hla cur.
When night compels the weary to repose,
Then that old prayer,
" Lord, now I lay nie down to sleep,'1
ls Bald
With fervor true.
The grcylwnrd  breathes It  from his
heart again
With peace anew.
FAITH IN HUMAN NATURE,
There has always been a disposition
on the part ol clerics    to    build up
faith in Coil by taking away our faith
��� ....... i*.    rue incarnation oi
the son ol Uod, rightly apprehended,
cannot tolerate this method. Christ's
mission was to show ub what lioil is,
that we might bcllevo In Him, and
likewise to show us what wif are,
that wo may bellevo In ourselves, ne
camo, Buying: " That Is not God,
that terrible figure of a king seated
amid lightnings, swlltof anger, heavy
of hum! and stern of brow. See, He
Is tender, Ho ls merciful, He pltteth
us a father pitleth his own children.
His name is Love, unit Ha IB your
Pn-ther.'-
But what was the good of telling
as thut.' How does it matter what
God is, unless I know what I am ? So
In tho divine mystery of the Incarnation, that greatest ol ull events aud
crises, that centre ot history and
crown of the world's processes, was
revealed the other thing necessary Ior
salvation���truth as to what man is.
It had never been drummed ol; the
glory ol it had never flashed out ln
men's wildest dreams. Jesus came,
saying, " Tliat is not man, that pitiful, sad figure which has played his
part. The cruelty and bloodshed, the wars, the faithlessness,
dishonor, Ignorance, brutality and
greed which have been blotted over
the pages of history���that ls not the
work of man, but of a spirit, not himself, which hns entered Into him,
nnd persuaded him tliat it was himself. Tliat Is the mistake and failure of Immunity ; not its truth. See!
such as 1 am, true, unselfish, kind,
thoughtful of others, full ot courage
and honor, pure, faithful, unflinching,
strong and yet pitiful, forgiving, ready
io lay down lifo for another's sake���
tliat it is to be a man I" Oh, the
.raudeur ol that revelation. In Its
light alone can I have tho faith
through whicli salvation comes,
faith in my God, and in myself. Not
In myself as in anguish I find myself,
but in what I was made to be, and
what I, therefore, in my essence, am;
la what it Is possible for me still to
be; In my Idea, which once was realised by Jesus of Nazareth.
So shall you bo Increasingly saved,
as you contemplate and pursue your
Image of Christ. You will never attain
it; It will flee before you. The better
you grow, the more unworthy you
will seem to lie. That Is the paradox
of salvation. The end Ib Infinitely lar
away; eternally you must tread the
path toward God, ���Lny sermon In
Boston Herald.
AMENDMENT TO TOE TRAYER.
I have lately heard from an old minister who had retired from active service, but who still retained his seat
In his former pulpit, while candidates
were preaching there. Ho always ol-
tered the closing prayer, and after
asking tho Lord to bless Ills servant
who had broken the bread of lifo to
His people that day, was accustomed
to mid, " and may he shlno as a star
of the first magnitude forovor and
ever.' But It hnppencd one Sunday
that a very dull preacher occupied tho
pulpit, nnd tlio good old minister was
unutterably bored. When It wus
timo for tho prayer ho offered tho
usual petition that tho Lord would
bless Ills servant who had addressed
thc people that day, and���hore he
paused. Ills faith wus not strong
enough to allow 'him to coucludo tho
sentence In the customary way; so
thc conscientious old man added Ilrm-
ly: " And may he shlno as a star of
considerable magnitude for ever anil
ever.'���Boston Transcript.
BRIGHT THOUGHTS.
The biggest coward is not alwayB
the man who refuses to fight., It
takes more courage sometimes to turn
away from a brawl than to plunge
Into It.���The Rev. Washington Gladden, Columbus, 0.
Imagine the terrors of an aroused
conscience. The fearful reckoning
that comes when sin ls illuminated by
the searchlight of an awakened memory.���The Rev. L. A Banks, Brooklyn,
N. T. i
No one can fall bo Ian away irom
God that tbe law of redemption cannot reach him. The individual who
has the ability to fall very low has
also the ability to rise very high, If
only turned In the right direction.
Some people have no ability ten do
either; but, no matter how dark the
sinner's record, ho may have lull pardon through the blood of Jesus Christ.
���The Rev. Dr. Northcutt, Houston,
Texas.
Alter the police had vainly endenv-
I ored to disperse a mob, a; minister
mounted a box and made tne simple
announcement: " A collection will
now be taken np.' The military
could not have done the work quicker.
The best cure for nn Inflammable
tongue ls the water bucket of absolute silence. Hasty speech is explosive ; slienou ls cooling. The talking
tongue Is more dangerons than the
angry tongue. A hasty word may
De excused", but a tattling tongue
never. The tattler Is Just like sin���
ts foreign substnnce here for no other
purpose thnn to annoy and irritate.
���Tlie Rev. Fuller BergstresBer, Allegheny. Pa.
Uellglon Is not a matter of opinion, but ol Supreme conviction. Broadly stated, for all honest men, bellicf
must needs follow conviction of truth.
To be convinced ol truth and not to
act upon It Is to outrage; the soul,
to tamper with the moral consciousness, and to let the moral life ebb
away.���The Rev. Clinrlcs E. Mitrrnv,
Wilmington. Del.
ti
A Toiu-h ot Nature.
Father (winding tlie   clock)���Time
to lock up now. it's nearly lu o'clock.
Mother-Oh, dou't hurry, father.
Futher���Dou't hurry V We ought tn
be asleep  by   this  time, considering
we ve got to  be at tlie haying    by
sun-up to-morrow.   Are  tho boys   iu
hed'.'
Mother���They've gone up stairs.
Father���Well, theu,  I'll close tlie ���
Mother���Ida huiu't como iu yet.
Father���Huln't couio iu ? Why ?
Mother���Oh, she'a at the gate. She's
been down to sbiglug class.
Father���Woll,  why   doesn't  she	
Mother���Sh-sh���they'll   hear     you.
There's a young man wltlrher.
Futher���A young man? Who?
Mother���Isaac l'eun came  up with
her.
Father���I should think lier brother**
would ho company  enough.
Mother (drylyj,���Should you'.*
Father���Aud if  a  young man doc**
walk up with lier ho needn't   stand
three hours at the gate.
Mother���He hasn't been there ten
minutes.
Father (severely)���He has no business to ho there any minutes. Why
duesu't lie know enough to say goodnight uud go?
Mother���Ephram, wasn't tliere ever
a young Tellow that used to walk
homo with mc Irom singing, and hang
over the gate till all hours, especially a night like this ?
Father���That was different, You
were woman big.
Mother���Ida's  woman    big.    She's
19 past.
Father���Ida's nothing hut a child.
Mother���Well,  she's   a   whole year
older than I was  when you	
Father (hastily)���And besides, crab���I was dead In love.
Mother (quietly)���How Jo ynu know-
that Isaac hain't ?
Father���Isaac l'enii in love with
Ida? Sho I The boy nasn't a vote,
yet.
Mother���lies got a heart, though.
You had your first vote tlie yeur we
were married���Just remember that,
l-'ather���Mother, I'm surprised a;
you putting up with such nonsense
about Ida. Tlmo cuough for her to
keep company five years from now.
Mother (approvingly)���Of course it
is, and it's time enough now, 11 tlu-
right one conies along. Isaac is good
and steady.
Father (firmlyj���Well, I won't have
It, that's nil. Call her In. It's lied*
time.
Mother���Ephrntn, you don't suppose
I would do such a thing us that?
Father (with sternness)���Neelie, it's
your duty.
Mother (with spirit)���It Isn't m.v
duty to Insult m.v daughter. My
mother never did It to me.
Father (hall smiling)���She never had
to: you wouldn't let ine stay so long.
Mother���Oh,    I    wouldn't   let   you
stay	
Father���And no sensible fellow would
want to stay.
Mothor���You were a sensible fellow,
Ephrnm.
Father���Now,  mother.
Mother    (with    decision)���But    you
were: everyone said so.
Father���1  couldn't Iw sensible with
you, Neelle: you just turned my head.
Mother isoftly)���Well,     they    were
pleasant times.     I  love to remember
them.
Father���Ye*es. I don't know as
anyone ever had a pleasanter courtship.
Mother���But you were mighty Jealous.
Father (musingly)���Was I? I suppose I was. 1 know there seemed
to be nlways someone trying to cut
me Out.
Mother���Do you remember the night
at Lucy Orumtn's wedding, when yon
snt and sulked all evening In n corner?
Fn ther���And that big student fellow from New Haven wns shining tip
to you? But 1 wnlkotl homij with
you, after all.
Mother���1 guess you did. And how
you scolded. We stood nt the gate
till the moon rose���the llttb) silver
hnlf moon.
Fnther���And you cried and we made
It all up.
Mother���And the next dny you wrotn
me    n   letter-(tho   gate clicks)���oh,
there comes Ida.
(Enter Ida, Bmlllng, radiant.)
Ida���It's the loveliest night!    Just
a sin to go to bed.
Father (smiling also)���Woll, Ids, dismissed  yonr company, have you?
Ida (demurely)���Isaac 7   Oh, yes.
Father���What a shame to send him
off so early.
Mother���Ida knows what to do.
Father���But Isaac don't.    I'mbleit
If any girl could hustle me like thnt
when I was Isaac's age.���Madeline S.
Bridges, In Ladles  Home Journal.
SMALL ASSETS,
A man who went to look up a
debtor ln Central Maine the other
day, having ln view the collection of
bis debt, found him to be an old fellow whose sole earthly possessions of
an attachable kind are two bears. He
was living like a hermit, alone, save
for his two queer companions. The
collector was not eager for tains
bear ment, and did not disturb the
menagerie.���Lewlston Journal.
Gold found at Perry, Okla. d%
"Do not weep, futher," said George,
"God will save us,"
���"Alas I it Is  impossible."
���'Ob, lather, do not say It ls impossible. He who gavo ub strength
to reach this rack, can He not send
a a ship?"
"A Ship I Yes, tliat ls the only restating chance: but it ls u very feeble
one."
''And why, father ? Look, as you
wero sleeping a piece ol wood from
the poor Avenger flouted within my
Ian fishermen; but tholr bristling
moustaches uud closely-cropped hair
gave them a much less reassuring appearance. A tall man was at the
tiller. The hood of his cloak hid most
ot his face. Hi) spoke to his mea la a
guttural voice, and seemed to be
swearing at them. The castaways bad
reached the ship so exhausted that
they had sunk on the deck, moro like
lifeless logs than men. Suddenly the
wan who nad sat in the stem begun
to Interrogate them In English. Robert hud uot the strength to reply.
It was Ids son who related In a few
words the wreck of the Avenger.
What    were   you    on      board?"
reach ; I managed to get It; I planted roughly Interrupted the mnn In the
ti tl,r.,*e nt the ton of the rock; I slock, "you nnd tbo two others.
L_It* my wiilte handkerchief to It., who look to me as   It   they, would
"    re-
IrlBh
       under
not anow vim. ......... "���- ---   _-���_- 0,-my (nthef, whom you
Borelle,  the most dangerous reel ln | �����e0���* re8Cuej.*.
"Hal haf  two
and we almll 1>R Been " ' Soon bo 'to0^  '0I* *���* Sharks ?"
ana we sliall be seen. ,    -,Tll|8 mnn ,vas _    top-man,
"Poor child I" snid Robert        But, p���ca Georgnp polnUng to the
do not know thnt we are on the I sailor; " I waB an   engineer
-  ��� - I *,.��� ������, - .. ��     .
you i
these sens, the one which snllora tear
the most. There ls not a ship sailing
between the coast of Alrica and Sardinia but what goes thirty miles out
oi her way In order to avoid tliese
breakers. 'When one sees the Sorelle
une sees death,' say the Sicilians. It
In a spot accursed, and ship-wrecked
men alone tread these fatal rockst
How many belore us, perhaps, have
perished here?"
"No, father, no, do not think of
death," interrupted George. "A man
doea not die when he possesses courage ; you have often told me so, and
1 have couruge; you will see." And
the brave lad cast on Robert a glance
���so calm and firm that the unhappy
lather Began to hope that their lives
would bo spared.   ,
For the first time since, tlie fatal
moment when the Avenger hud been
engulfed Dy the waves, Robert
calmly surveyed his position.
It wus a terrible one. The rock
upon whicli the frigate struck was
entirely hidden by the water, and
the two points from which It derived its name alone offered a reluge
from the waves. The higher one, that
on which the shipwrecked men were
awaiting tlieir death, consisted of a
narrow platform which sloped steeply towards the north. The whole
surface was not more than some
thirty paces square. Constantly
washed by the Atlantic swell, it had
no covering of seaweed, like the rocks
on moet other coasts.
Nothing lived on this gloomy and
desolate rock, and tlie untortunate
wretches whom the sea had cast upon
tli had not eveu the chance of pro-
tanging their existence by means of
the shellllsh which ordinarily abound
Is the Mediterranean. However,
George mado it lortnnatc discovery.
On the extreme summit, la a hollow
of the rock, a sort of natural basin
formed a reservoir which the rain had
filled with sweet water. Of all the
sufferings which threaten shipwrecked
men. the most formidable, the one
that makes Itself soonest felt���
thirst���was no longer to be feared.
Bnt the supply was not Inexhaustible, and It was of the utmost Importance to husband thia treasure, more
precious at that moment than all
tbe gold stored la the Avenger, and
Robert took his post near this heaven-sent lountaln in order to eee that
each drank lu his turn.
He soon saw that the Irishmen who
had been saved with them had no
wish to avail themselves ot this last
resource. At that very moment the
two men were emptying a bottle full
of rum which one of them had brought
tn his belt. Death, hideous and threatening, was awaiting them. and. in
order not to see it, these poor
wretches were intoxicating themselvea.
During the night the fragments of
the ship had disappeared under the
constant action of the waves, ferrying to the bottom of the sea the Inst
chance they had ot procuring lood. A
tew barrels ol biscuits had floated
UV>n> the wreck, but the waves had
broken them against the rock, and
this last hope had vanished ln the
storm. Rescue, 11 the castaways
were still to expect It, could now
only come from the horizon which sur-
.--   ...-     a ,,���   ���*,_     ���      lea_e���
.        engineers and
top-mnnl   Splondld recruits Ior us!"
suid the stranger.
And he began to talk to his men
again in a foreign tongue. His gestures clearly Indicated that he was
translating to them what George
had Just said, and the explanation
appeared to quiet the grnmblers.
Robert began to be uneasy, and he
half rose from the bottom ot the boat
where' ho was lying. He fancied that
the captain's eyes were fixed ou liim.
He saw them glittering under his
hood, without being able to distinguish his features. The stranger was
looking at him intently, as if he wns
trying to recall his laco. His hair
plastered on his temples by the sea-
water, und his face blue with cold,
made him look more like a drowned
man than a living creature, and the
man seemed to hesitate. Suddenly
ho burst out laughing, and Roliert
heard the following words, which
rang In hla car like thc last trump;
" What! my dear Mr. Roliert. It's
you that I've found in this deplorable
condition ?"
And at the same time lie threw his
hood back, and Rolmrt recognized the
abhorred lace of Morgan.
Robert could not believe his eyes,
and his stupefaction was such that
he could not say u. word.
" And this fine fellow," continued
Morgan ln a mocking voice, " is young
George, whom I have seen playing
when a child. Come, It was certainly
a good Idea ot mine to go and see
what the white Hag meant that was
floating from the Sorelle. And
theso fellows here," he added, pointing to his men, " wanted to persuade
me to send you to the bottom of the
sea. on the pretext that we did not
require your services on the Caiman.
That ls the namo of my brig, my
dear sir. But, now I come to think
of It, you -will find a friend���a relation���on board ; you will guess that
I mean Dlego. Yos. my dear nephew
Is my partner, and our little affairs
1 have prospered since wc lett you���a
little abruptly, perhaps; but one can
overlook that want ol ceremony between friends."
Robert listened to this hateful Jesting without attempting to reply to
It. George, whom he had never Informed of his suspicions and his grids,
thanked Morgan, and rejoiced naively
at the Idea ol seeing hla uncle again.
Hoping that his silence would lie attributed to exhaustion, Roliert lay
at tho bottom of the boat and pretended to tie asleep.
The eight men rowed vigorously,
nnd were not long In reaching the
ship. A voice whicli Roliert recognized at once, and whicli made him
shudder from bend to foot, called to
Morgan, and naked hlin fineerlngly
what prize ho had brought bnck.
" A splendid one, my dear nephew,
a splendid one," cried Morgan, " and
I've gut n surprise for you.    Come,
Roliert, courage! get up, I beg
rounded the
ring.
Sorelle like
Mr.
you,
ng.
Robert and George fatigued their
eyes In scanning this gloomy solitude.
As far as they could seo, tho dreary
waves mingled with the great clouds
driven along by the west wind. Nothing Interrupted the monotonous line
of grey sky which hung over the
sea. It was a liquid desert, a desert without the sun, without the
mirage, and death reigned alone over
these gloomy realms.
Fnom time to time, a gull, blown
along by the wind, passed over the
rock, uttering Its cry, mournful as
tbe groan ol a dying mini, and disappeared In the midst.
The day passed thus. As the snn
was setting Robert turned round to
look at It once more. Suddonly lie
lumped up, giving vent to a loud cry.
Southwards, and hardly two miles
off, a ship appeared under full sail,
They could already see the foam
which she churned up as sho clove the
waves. Bhe had certainly seen George's
signal, for she was standing ln towards tbe rock. Presently she hove
to, and Robert plainly saw a boat
push olf. In less than halt an hour
afterwards It was within earshot,
and the man who wns la command
shouted out to them In English to
swim off. There wns still too much
surf to allow him to bring his boat
any nearer.
Joy gives strength. Not one of
the shipwrecked men hesitated. In a
lew minutes they reached the boat,
bat three of them only. The sea had
Just swallowed Its last victim. Worn
oat with fatigue, one of the-Irish sailors had disappeared on the way. The
boat was manned by eight sailors
with strange costumes. Covered with
ragged cloaks, with naked legs, and
and ahow Dlego that i'nt    not
boasting."
Whilst he was speaking the boat,
having been made last to the tackle,
was being hauled up the Bide, and
wns soon on a level with the deck.
Roliert found himself face to fnce with
Dlego. nnd remained Immovable, as It
ho had lieen turned to stone. Dlego
started back ln astonishment, and
Morgau laughingly looked on at this
mute scene. He kept up his horrible
Joke by expressing surprise at their
coolness, nnd urging bis nephew to
throw himself Into Robert's arms.
Dlego soon recovered him'"'" i his
contracted features attempted a
smile; ho advanced and orfered his
brother-in-law a hand, which the latter did not* dure retusc. uml poor
George, who know nothing of tho
pnBt, threw himsell Joyfully on his
uncle's neck. The deck wna covered
with evil-looking men, who witnessed
this meeting with mocking indifference, nnd Morgan, with the Bnme ironical politeness. Invited Roliert antl
George to go down Into his cabin to
recover trom their fntlgue. The
Irish sailor was handed over to the
mute, nnil tho cnstavviiys followed
tlielr hateful rescuer.
Roliert's mind was made up. Ho
wished to preserve his son, and, In
order to save this precious lite, he
wns resolved to overcome his Just
animosity and submit to the crudest
of humiliations.
A moment's reflection had enabled
him to take In the situation. Dlego
must be Ignorant that his brother-in-
law iknew ot his crimes. Robert felt
that his son's fate depended on his
silence; with that end ln view he hail
strength to dissimulate, and to act
ns| if be had never had any Busplclons.
Moreover, Morgan's first words had
told him that ho wns ln need ot them.
It was certainly not a feeling of
humanity that had prompted him to
come and rescue the shipwrecked men
from tho Sorelle, and since he had not
thrown them Into the sea on recognising them, it must be that they were
��� *.- ..,_   Ro_-jrt founded on
wearing   red   woollen   caps,     they | necessary to him.
mightlinve pasaod at first tor Sicll-  this reasoning a fresh hope ol safety.
Half an hour nfter their arrival on
board, George and his father, clad In
warm clothes, and already Invigorated by several glasses of rum, were
seated at a plentllully provided table,
of which Morgan and Diego did tne
honors.
Determined to play Mb j*nrt to the
end, Robert had recovered sufficient
solf-posseaslon to 'keep up n conversation on the sad eventa which had preceded and lollowed their abrupt departure. Diego, evidently reassured by
hla brother-in-law's attitude, apologized In sugared tones Ior having been
forced to leave Paris without seeing
him. He carried his Impudence to the
point of lnmentlng Mary's death, nntl
at this Impious language u shudder
of horror passed through Robert.
Morgan, not to be behindhand, inquired with solicitude as tn the cause
of his ruin, and when IJnbert had
briefly related hla disasters lis said
to him iu a tone of the liveliest Interest :
I am doubly rejoiced, my deur sir,
at tho stroke of good luck which   1
owe to that northwest wind.    After
having prevented you from dying   of
hunger on thnt dreadful rock, 1 cau
contribute still more to the ra-ootab-
lishincnt ol your   affairs.     You have
heard me speak sometimes of a certain Island of which 1 am solo   pus*
sessor, and which    contains   enough
gold tn make us all richer than   we
have ever been in our lives.     1  will
not conceal the fact from you that
wo ure making our way thither   at
the present moment.   In confiding to
you our secret, to you nnd this dear
boy,"   he   continued,     pointing   to
George, "I nm yielding to a feeling
of sympathy which Is as strong as it
is sincere; but U you have any scruples In accepting my offer 1 can dismiss them by telling you that   you
can contribute largely to the success
of the voyage.    In   consequence   of
financial misfortunes, which have Ielt
me with very little money, I have had
great difficulty In chartering a vessel
and collecting a crew, and, I am not
afraid to confess It, the Caiman and
the crew who man It leave much to
be desired.    I picked up theBe good
fellows where I could, without Inquiring too closely Into their antecedents,
and, as lor the vessel, I bought It, us
a raa'keshilt, o! the Bey of Tripoli.  It
Is,   as   you may   have   noticed,   a
wretched hulk; but It is provided with
engines, and we are ouly sailing  because we have no coal. But look you I
We have on board men of all  coua-
trles and all trades. We have sailors,
we have gunners, we have even poets;
we have no engineer. Our friend Dlego
was ono formerly, it is true, but he's
got rather rusty.    Fortunately  you
are here, dear Mr. Rob *rt, and thanks
to you, we are now certain of making oar little trip qulokly.   We shall
save at least a month, for the Caiman
sails wery badly."
This speech told Robert what he
had already suspected, that Morgan
had need of them; but It lett him ln
a state ol uncertainty as to the destination of the ship, for he found it
difficult to believe iu the existence of
the celebrated island of gold. The
crew looked like a collection ot the
worst 'kind of robbers, and It was only
likely that piracy was Morgan's true
occupation. The rumors whicli had
been formerly circulated ln Paris occurred to Robert's mind; but the
moment would have been badly chosen
to ask for explanations, and he eagerly accepted the offer. He was Installed with George iu a large cabin near
the engines, and they both of them
soon fell Into a sleep which lasted
fifteen hours. Ou awaking they went
on deck, where Dlego was wulklng up
and down with Morgau, und met with
a must favorable reception.
The weather had become very fine i
the wind hud changed, and the ship,
driven by a strong breeze, made
rapid way. A glance at the compass
lulormed Robert that they were
steering west. He noticed that the
Caiman sailed uuder the Turkish flug,
and that the crew talked sumo
Oriental tongue���Arabic, probably���
for ho recognized the rough accent to
which he hud become fainillurlzed in
Malta. For the mutter of that, he
did not remain loug lu uncertainty.
Morgan, who appeared to have taken
upou himsell tu initiate him, said
graciously   to him :
"Isee, my dear sir, tliat my crew
puzzles you, and 1 owe you sonic explanation belore finally giving you
uu interest lu our undertaking. These
good fellows ol ia ther ferocious aspect
prolesa tho religion of Mahomet, or,
lu order to be moru precise they weru
burn lu u Mussulmuu couutry, und
they ure not very pious. Yuu behold
In them the last representatives of
an epoch lu which privateering flourished lu the States ol Bni-bury. The
ccapture of Algiers left uuoccupled a
crowd of excellent sailors, who, as retired corsairs, love to brave the most
dangerous voyages. I alwaya apply
to them when I want a safe crew
for a trip to my island. I used to
know all this cuust from Alexandria
to Tanglcrs, and I hnve ninny friends
here. Thus I have only too muny
to choose from, und I have always
got on well with the recruits 1 have
raised. With these men, you see, there
Is nothing tu Icur. When 1 have
brought my cargo of gold back to
Europe 1 pay them, 1 send them
buck to eat dates In tlielr native
country, nnd 1 keep my island tu myself."
Robert listened, trying to give his
face a look of credulity ; but possibly
Morgan was nut taken In by this
pretended simplicity, lor he could not
help smiling every time he referred
to his golden Island.
Robert did not think It expedient to
ask the geographical position ol tho
fantastic Island, and ho entered on
his duties the same day by examining
the engines. They were In pretty good
condition, und ulter a lew repairs
which would be easily executed tliere
wua no reason why they should not
work well enough. The vessel was
provided witli very tnll masts, and
seemed originally to have been built
for sailing; her broad sides and bulging hull allowed her to take a large
cargo. She appeared to be heavily
laden, for she lay very low, ln the
water and rolled very little. Robert
wondered what sort ot merchandise
she could be tnklng to a desert Island;
but bis flrBt Idea did not seem to be
a correct one. In fact, although the
crew was more numerous than Is
usual ou trnlning ships the nrmnment
consisted solely ol two    dilapidated
swivel-guns,  und was certainly    uot
that ot a pirate.
In two days' time tlie engines were
ready to work, uud by Morgan's orders Robert prepared to steam at
full speed on the next day. They were
approaching the Straits, and the
steep rock ol Gibraltar could already
be made out to starboard; but Morgan gave orders to steer southwest,
and the Riptieau Mouutaius, ou the
coast of Morocco, soon hove lu sight.
Robert thought for a short time tliut
they were making for Tangiers, but
he saw that they were hugging the
coast ol Africa In order to gain the
Atlantic more quickly. It occurred to
hini that Morgan was particularly
anxious to avoid the war-vessels stationed at Gibraltar, and to pass
(Illicitly through the Straits, as a
traveller who carries a large sum of
money with him hastens through n
dangerous pass. What confirmed him
In this view was the fact that, after
having gune for forty-eight hours at
full speed, he received orders to extinguish  the fires.
They were out at sea nt the time,
and Morgan, whu appeared very
pleased, told Robert that the coal
must be husbanded, and that they
would Ball as long as the wind continued lavorable. Up to that time,
in spite of tlie suspicious 'appearance,
of tlie vessel und crew, Robert had
noticed nothing which was opposed
to the Idea of a trading brig, and he
bccimie almost satisfied that the Caiman was really In search of gold.
Three days alter having passed tlie
Straits, Morgan took a reckoning
and found that the ship was more
than a hundred miles from the coast
of Africa. He appeared ln a very good
temper at dinner. He exchanged
glances and smiles ol Intelllgcucc with
Dlego, aad a good deal more liquor
was  consumed than usual.
Robert and George, who remained
quite sober, found that, under the influence of rum and whiskey, the conversation took a singular turn. Tliere
were allusions to some enterprise already commenced, the dangers avoided und still to bo avoided. Suddenly
Morgan rose, hts eyea bloodaitot, his
���gait unsteady, and, addressing Robert, said, with an evil smile:
" Come on deck with us, my dear
sir. I am going to give my cargo
some air at last. It must have lieen
In great need ot It for the last ten
days. Come, I pray you; I am sure
that  It will  Interest you."
Roliert followed him without understanding his words, and mounted
tho poop, where a strange sight
awaited hini.
Almost the entire crew was on
deck, ranged against the netting,
armed as tor a fight. Soon at the
main hatch appeared a sailor, holding In his hand a boarding cutlass.
Two chained negroes lollowed him.
Behind this dusky couple walked another sailor, then more negroes, who
took up their position In a line as
they reached the deck. Roliert
counted one hundred and ten of them
In two rows. All woro a chain, riveted to their feet nntl waists, like
convlctB, The myBtery was Bolved at
last, aud Robert was astonished
thnt he had not guessed It before.
Ho wns on board n slaver; Morgan
and Dlego wore simply slave-dealers.
A look ol sad surprise appeared, no
doubt, on his fnce; tor Morgan burst
out laughing when ho aaw It.
" Confess, my dear Roliert," said he
In the gayest of tones, " that you
didn't expect to lind me bo well provided with 'ebony.' This la of the
hest quality, and Is as good, I can
nBBure you, as a gold mine," he added, emphasizing the last word. " Excuse ine for not telling you sooner
that you were sailing with���what
shall I Bay? I don't like tliat ugly
word slave-deoters���with recruiters
for tlie agriculture of the tropics, If
you like. And lielieve me���I hnve bad
much experience���tliere nre few trades
so lucrative. Accordingly, I was
very anxious to take my nephew ns
a partner in my Ilttlo business, nnd
I am charmed that you and dear
George should have lolned us, ton.
There's some risk ol being hanged,
especially II you are captured by the
Euglish, who are tearfully brutal;
but we take caro not to lie captured."
He stopped to give an order
In Arabic, and Robert saw
the unfortunate negroes begin to
walk rouud the ship, under the eye
nnd whip ot ten robust sailors.
" There's loss, too," continued Morgan ; " but with watchlulnesB and
care the cargo Is pretty easy to
keep. You Bee how I'm airing it. It
went very much against me, 1 ean
assure you, to leave these poor devils
packed In the hold, like sardines;
but what Is one to do? The Mediterranean is us frequented as the
boulevards, and Its not really sale till
tho Straits are passed. Now that we
are out in tlio open ocean there will
lie a walk every day nnd two bulls
every week. You should see these
fellows skip I"
Tho wretch went on talking Inr n
long time In this wuy, and Dlego did
his best to outdo him.
Roliert hnd the strength to contain himself. Now that ho knew the
secret ol these two vlllnlns, It would
1m> cnsler Ior hlin to hit upon somo
plan of esca|io. He set himsell to listen, to watch, nnd. Ilttlo by little,
he learnt everything thnt he did not
know before. Morgan had carried on
the sluvo trado for more than twenty
yeara, lirst In the Antilles, whore be
was born, then in Brazil, whither ho
was now going. Ills brother-ln-lnw,
Dlego'B father, had formerly lieen In
partnership with hlin: but ho had
met his end by liemg hanged at the
yard ol an Amerlcnn cruiser.
Alter mnny chnnges ol fortune���now
ruined, now rolling in gold���Morgan,
after two lucky trips, had Joined liis
nephew ln France, twenty yoars before. Whon he hnd made an entl ol
squandering In Pnris, with Diego's
assistance, bis protlts and poor
Mary's fortune, he took to his old
occupation again. But times had
changed. An active watch had rendered slave-dealing almoat Impossible
ln the Gull ol Guinea, where It was
so easily carried on liotore, and Morgan had thought of shifting his scene
of action. Privateering with the
corsairs of Barbary had formerly
gives him employment, for all rob-
lwry was familiar to him. HIb former relations ou the const of Africa
hnd given him the idea of quite a
new plan. Slavery, abolished in Algeria sinco the French conquest, still
continued in tlie States ot Tunis and
Tripoli. Numerous caravans brought
from the Soudan quantities of negroes,
who were to lie bought very cheap in
the coast towus, and these Blavei
were stronger and less subject to
nostalgia than those frnm the Congo.
' Tu transport them to Cuba or Brazil
was a safe speculation, as the Mcdi-
! terranean      was    not    watched    by
cruisers.
When fate brought Morgan and
Diego within sight of the Sort-lie they
were coming from Deruah, a small,
almost unknown port In the State ol
Tripoli, where they had collected a
crew of rormer pirates, and embarked
as many negroes as tliey could cram
into tlielr vessel. They were going to
ilrazil. whore thoy were certain, If
they escaped the cruisers, of selling
their human cargo at a high price;
and they did not conceal their intentions of going to enjoy themselves tn
Pari-* on the profits of tlio undertaking. The miraculous Island had never
existed, and Morgan's frequent trips
out of France had no other object
thnn that ol buying and Belling his
fellow men.
Having been enlightened as to tbe
past life of tlie two villains who held
his life and tliat of his son at their
mercy, Roliert calmly reviewed the
ehnncea which still remained to
theni. Them was' no doubt that
Morgan would endeavor to rid himself of the castaways, the day when
they censed to lie useful to him; but
steam might save him, ln caso ot pursuit, and no one nmong hla crew waa
able to manage tho engines. It was
onlv on the return journey, then, that
danger threatened, and Robert had
time to prepare a piao.
(To be Continued.)
EXCELLENT.
Beyond the Power oi
Fen to Deseribe
Is the Verdict I Would Give to
Tour Wonderful Medicine,
South American Nervine.
I have beeu a continual sufferer
from Nervous Debility, Indigestion,
Dyspepsia and general physical weakness for a nunibet of years, and bod
been tmtted by Humorous doctors
and specialists without avail. Recently while visiting iu Toronto I
wae indueed by a Iriend who had beea
cured ot similar complaints by Its
use, to try South American Nervine
Tonic, which I did with the most astonishing results. The very lirst
dose seemed to " hit the right spot,"
and five bottles completely cured me,
and, best of all, I have stayed oured.
Gratitude lor what this grand remedy has done for mo prompts me la
making this statement, which I want
you to publish far and wide, so that
others who suffer from these complaints may know that there la a
cure, absolute and certain, withla
their reach and to be had almost for
the asking.
May South American Nervine ever
prosper, and Its proprietors reap tha
reward thoy so Justly deserve, is the
prayer of
Yours truly.        D. G.  OWEN.
Plctos, Ont., Dec. 10, 1895.
ROUND OF BEEF.
Truss a round of beef weighing from
five pounds upward and put It ln a
saucepan, with four ounces ol beef
suet; fry briskly and brown all ronnd;
drain off the iat; add two onions and
two carrots, cut ln quarters; a bunch
of parsley and aromatic herbs, a clove
of garlic and salt and pepper; add a
plat of stewed tomatoes and nearly
cover with broth or water. Put oa
the Ud and cooi slowly for three
hours; dish the beef, remove the fat
and thicken tbe sauce. Poor part of
It over the beef and serve the rest of
It '.a a boat. Serve with a garniture
a la Flamande, which consists of
mounds of turnips and carrots, cut
with a vegetable cutter, and boiled
separately In water, alternated with
peas and stringed beans, either canned
or fresh.
PERTINENT  AND IMPERTINENT.
The licst mirror is an old friend.
Paiu ls forgotten when gain comes.
The day hns eyes, the night has
ears.
Six leet ot earth make all men
equal.
Open not your door when the devil
knocks.
Prldo in prosperity turns to misery
In ndvorslty.
The calmest husbands mnko the
stormiest wives.
Send not for a hatchet to break
open nn egg with.
'TIs hotter to cry over your goods
than after them.
That ls but nn empty purse that
ls full ol other men's money.
REASON TO FEEL HOPEFUL,.
I am going    to propose   to Miss
.Tinkles,' en Id Whyklns, thoughtfully.
" Has she given you any encouragement?'*
" I Bhould sny so. Why, she Is
nfralil I nm spending too much money
lur bouquets nnd matinee tickets."
DUenspil blood, constipation, and
kidney, Mver snd bowel   troubles are
loot Test.
"Yes,'
BEYOND QUESTION;
lid the girl who collects, '
Is one of tlie best autograph* I h;iv,-
geuulne ?"
In lay collection.
"But are you sure Its     	
asked her friend.
"Positive. I cut tt with my own
hands from n telegram that his wife
received from him."    -
Italy's trooiw ln Abyssinia are In
a pinch. THE WEEKLY   NEWS, MARCH 24, 1S96.
IM   .ij^ji  illW**
�����iit> Unad Every Tuesday
At Union, B. C.
:>/,  iVhitney   Editor
TEAMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
IN    ADVANCE.
One Yonr     WW
III Months     l-'3
aiugls Copy     OW
RATES OF ADVERTISING;
Que laoh per yesi    $l'iOU
..    ..   month      IW
ellththco!   perycur     25011
founh      SOCKi
week, .. lino           CO 10
Locul uotiees.per lino           30
Notices   of Births,   Marriages   and
Deaths, $o cents each insertion.
No Advertisment inserted for less than
50 cents.
Tittdaj, lint 24,1898.
SCIENCB OF NUTRITION
As the source of all steam power is the
supply of fuel to the furnace, so is fond
to man the source of all his physical
and mental power. It is nol strange
therefore that the science of nutrition is
receiving constantly increasing attention.
What food to buy and how to prepare 11
for the table is being taught in ,1 depart
ment by itself in many public institutions.
Every year household economy is giver
increased attention, ancl very much nf the
health, happiness and prosperity of thc
people ii dependent upon the pro|*i
understanding of this subject. Proper
nutrition is perhaps the most important
br-inch of it, certainly if ne except correct
methods ot sanitation. It is closek
allied with morality and perhaps religion,
aod if studied in proportion to its importance and the knowledge thereby
gained, be properly used, it will result in
untold blessings to mankind.
CLEANING UF
It is pleasant to see the general clear*
lag up of yards which is taking place. It
would be worth while if nothing but for
appearances; but how much more docs
it not mean at this time of the year ? Il
means health for the household. It
means that Ihe litlle ones are nol to
become the victims of filth, unbroken
households. It means that the reputation of the town as a healthv place in
which to live is to be maintained. It
means that the tide of travel is nnt to be
diverted by unsavory rumors to other
places, and thit prosperity which attends
on health and enterprise is to be ours.
UNION MINES
(Inspector's Report.)
No. 1 Slope���Closed.
No. a Slope���Down about 700 vards,
through rock and thin coal, but now a
change for the better, and coal ,)', feet
thick, hard and of good quality, ventilation good, average of men at work, 54,
This is on the south side where 1 think
wiil yet be seen the great productive
mine of lhe company, the surface showing this tn be a fine country.
No. 4 Slope���Most extensive mine in
Union Colliery and 2,000 yards frnm the
entrance to face, in addition to 700 feet
outside. First 500 yards almost flat,
worked on the tail rope system; after
this easy grade so that cars take the rope
down to lowest landing, abnut one mile
from entrance. A diagonal slope leaves
main slope aear entrance to east at an
angle of 45 degrees, down ncw 1,000
yards, much greater pitch than main
slope and at its face almost as low. Six
levels of the main slope; 11, 12 and 13,
west side, in all of which lhe coal is good
and hard, averaging six feel; 3 levels on
east side working, coal good but not lo
thick as on west side. Veatilaiion good.
All appliances of the mosl unproved
system.
No, 5 Sha��T���600 feet down. When
ai depth of 590 feet coal was found 4'
feet thick, very hard and of usual good
quality of Union coal. Coal worked into
in three dillerent directions from shaft,
south, east and west for 200 feet each,
the cnal keeping very good. Taking out
100 tont per day. All machinery made
at Albion Iron Works, Victoria. The
mine lias appearance of giviag good
returns from now on,
Com���They are making tome first
class coke frnm fins coal lhat could not
otherwise bt sold, and are now erecting
���vent by which they will be able to turn
oul over 100 tons of coke per day, tnab-
ing to work soft coal.
December 31st 189$.
IIW GOVERNMENT AOENT
W. I). Anderton, of the Bay, has been
commissioned Government Agent and
Registrar of births, deaths and marriages.
Thc books, we understand, were turned
over nn Saturday by Mr, Creech, the
lorwci government agent.
__ LU MAgjQ,
O-raeJnrem In South Alt-lea Wh* r.rtem,
Feat* ur *_r_ecderaaUi Truly Wtaderrul
During the Zulu war I was in South
Africa traveling north through Zulu,
land. Ia Dunn's reservation, two
hundred milea north from Durban, in
Natal, I saw a witch doctor levitate ths
(aim of a yonng Zulu by waving a tnft
of grass abont his head, amid surround*
ings calculated to impress themselves
deeply upon ths most prosaic ins-urination. It waa evening, snd tha witab
doctor, who belonged to ths class described more thaa ones by Rider Bag.
gard with great accuracy, was at ravel t
ing in his appearance at tht high oastt
fakirs bad been pleating. A number of
fakirs hud gathered about onr camp Art
and I had given them some illastmtiont
of my own skill. They eeeintd pnizltd
but were not tptcially curious. Onttf
them stole away and after soma minutes
returusd with thtir own conjurer, tht
witch doctor ia question. After con
sideruble solicitation from tht natives, ths intricacies of Which my
knowledge of tho Zulu language
did not enable me quite to penetrate, the conjurer, who at first
seemed reluctant to girt hit consent to
an exhibition of hit powers before me,
took a knob kerry or club and fastened
it at the end of a thong of rawhidt
aboot two feet long. A youug native,
tall and athletic whota eyes appeared
to bo fixed upon those of tht conjurer
witk an appithentire sttadfustness, took
bis own knob lterry and fastened It at
tht end of a similar thong of hidt. Thr
two men stood about six feet apart, ie
the full glare ef tht fire, and began, all
the timo in tilenct. to whirl their knob
kerrys about their headt.
I noticed that when tht two elnbs
seemed iu their swift Sight almost t<
corns in contact, a spark of namo passed
or appeared to pass from one to th��
other. Ths third time thit happen*'
there was an explosion, tht spark ap
poared to burst, ths young man's knob
linrry was shattered to piecea, and ht fell
to ths ground apparently lifelsss. The
witch doctor turned to tho high grata 1
fsw feet behind us and gathered a hand
ful of stalks about throe feat long. Stand
ing in the shadow aud away from the
fire, he waved, with a swift motion, tx
actly similar to that of tht olubs ��
few minutes before, ths bunch of grasi
around the head of the young Zulu, whe
lay as dead, in ths firelight. In s
momont or two the gross seemed toignitt
in its flight, although the witch doctor
wna not standing within twenty fett of
the firs, and burnod slowly, cracking
audibly. Approaching more closely tht
form of the nativtin the tranct the con
juror waved the flaming grass gently
ovsr his figure, about afoot trom ths
flesh. To my intense amaseBitnt tht
t-senmbsnt body slowly rost from the
ground and floated upwards in tho air
to a height of about three feet, remain,
lug in suspension and moving up aad
down, according at thn pusses of the
bnrninggrasswereslowerorfasUr. At
the grass burned out aad dropped to tht
ground the body returned te its position
on ths ground, and after a ftw passtt
from tht hands of tht witch doctor, tha
young Zulu leaped to hit f tet, apparently
none tht worst for hts wonderful si*
perlenee.-Fross "High Casts Indiaa
Magic," by Prof. Kellas, te N#r��h
tmsricaa KsvW for Je-wwrr
VOBTHWXailBN ENTERPRISE
It is iai*! that America it another name
for oppor > aity, Tht crowded populace of
tht old �� 0, Id is oblidgtd to toil tsrly and
late to grmu oat a meagre living, and at
tlie ssioe tin s is compelled to support an
eip, ne'.ve r, yalty auu nobility and maintain
largo eteni* ng armies, Their existence Is
one weary online, aad at ths snd of life
lhey find tl tnttlvtt at farther sdrancsd
thau at th, beginning. In America, however, the,, it a, okanee for every energetic,
letup ra'e man lu get ahead, for wt have
hei a vast uatural resources���agricultural,
miuur.,,1 and oetnmo oial. Our educational
laoilities are the lit t, and our population it
as yet comparative y tnim. ln tht rooks
and aoil we hart untold wealth still wholly
uutonahed, which only awaits intelligent,
welt-direct, d eueigy to be brought out.
The N.ir hweet. especially with itt bra-
cim tUtnite and varied mounts, offers to
push end pluok opportunities unsurpassed
anywhere in the world. The doors open to
lhe worker are evidenced by the suooess by
which enterprise here hu already been
atteuilod. We ire justly proud uf tht
great min* t, 'he f ai mi and ranohte, tht
indie, at inufatttrlts and commercial housea
tf the N. rtliw**-.t. The farmer*, tad miners
aro supplied with groceries, oiuthiug. tools,
etc., from ths cities, aud iu turn fiud in tht
cities a market for their agriooltural produce, ores, hides, skins and other prod no
tinns. One hou t bat for utsrly two deosd
t* furnished a marks, for ell nf the latitt
otase of goods tbtt oould be shipped to
thaui, aod although consignments art mado
direotly to them, usually without a price,
simply with tbt name and addrtta of the
oonaigunr, immediate remittances at the
full market valut art insdt without exception. Ju McMillan ft Oo, havt for year��
been known in overy nnok snd eranny of
the Northwest u leading dealers in hides,
fure, sheep pelts, wool soil similar eommod
ities, and their business hts grown from
nothing to be ths largest of itt kind in the
oountry.
We might mention houtes in every line
of busiuees whose perseverance ted practical judgoitut have raited theui to tht
highest stratum of tht couuneroiat world,
and whose straightforward business methods
havt won tbem universal confidence���but
out example will suffice, The prolonged
panio through whioh ws are passing it lit*
ahla to make us furget our natural advantages, but we firmly believe that soon our
hard timet will bt ovsr and tar toantry
will again prosper u her mounts and
enterprise rarrrnt.
Ills said that George Dunbar, who
had formerly charge of the Riverside
hotel, Counenay, has bought out the
Half-way house which has been licensed
between Union and Courtenay. There
is only the lumber for the building oa
the ground now, but the place will
doubtless bt ready fcr occupancy ia a
ftw weeks.
QUALITY  COUNTS.
We have nearly all our New Fall and Winter stuffs in Stock
Don't you make a purchase without first taking a look through our
store.
We mean to do the business this fall and have marked the goods
to sell. Drop in anyhow, when in Nanaimo. We will be more than
pleased to show you our stock whether you are buying or not.
49 Commercial Street.        SLOAN & SCOTT. Nanaimo, B. C.
  UNION   BRICK  YARD  B. 0.	
W. WALTER A SON,
Manufacturers of Handmade and   Slock  Bricks.
Special  Patterns Now On Hand Fur Chimney Heads, Cornices Kic
GUARANTEED TO BE FROST  PROOF
EttablitheS 1B77. CAPITAL, $600,000.      incorporated hint 16, IMS.
Jas. McMillan & Co.
MOMItTORS Of THK
Minneapolis f
8heepskln
Tannery.
ixeon-rtst or
INCORPORATED.
mm
Shipments Solicited nnd
Prompt Returns Made.
sennas ass sastavsss
C. 8. Hides,
Dry Hides,
Pelts,
Wool, Furs.
TALLOW,
Cl.aiNCASENCCA
Writ* ror Lat.tt Prist
Circular.
RIFIRINeta BY  PERMISSION:
Jtcniltj Bisk if Ilu-Mts,
llllt IlUnllll hit,    ���      ���
htfli'i less,    ���    ���    ���
Itaiupolii, llss,
Minneapolis, llss,
IiUQttftlil, lill.
���intiiti' litlml leak, ��� * hate, Indie.
���odUh htlml Ink, . . Iilru, lMtlll,
Utiiitf lukifCfMtNIs,  ��� ami lilli, hit.
MAIN HOUSE, 200 to 212 FIRST AVENUE NORTH,
minneapolis minnesota
branches:
helena, mont, i chica90, ill [vic ih1im,h.c |wlnnlp��o.man.jeoihmton,n.w.t.
Cooke & Bozenimi Rt[ I 35 Wh_-f St. ]   : 8*1 Ling St.  |      J neper Are.
Ors Lawrence ���* Wsstwoorf.
Physicians and Surgeons.
���qia-TicaiT Mc
%!'**, have appointed 12*. *Iancios  .ts.lt-
inrns our collector until  ruitnor notice, to whom all ovsrdua  accounts
���"ay be paid.
7 Nox   1895.
Society    Cards
I.   0.   O.   f-.,   No.  11
Union Lsdge, I. 0. 0. F., meets every
Friday night at 8 o'clock. Visiiing brethren cordially invited te attend.
A. Lindsay, R. S.
Cumberland Lodge,
A. F. & A. M ,B. C. R.
Union, B. C.
Lodge meets first   Saturday   in   each
month.   Visiting brethren ure cordially
invited to attend.
Jamks McKim. Sec.
Hiram Lodge No 14 A.F .& A.M..B.C.R
Courtenay B. C.
Lodge meets on cveiy Saturday on or
before the full of the moon
Visiiing Brothers   cordially requested
to attend.
K. S. McConnell,
Secretary.
Loyal Sunbeam Lodge No. 100, C. 0.
0. F��� meet in theil lodge room over
McPhee's store, Courtenay, every second
Saturday at 3 p. in. Visiiing brethren
cordially invited to attend.
). M. Fulton, Sec.
Cumberland Encampment,
No. 6, I. 0. 0. F.,  Union.
Meets first and third Wednesdays of
each month at 8 o'rlork p. m. Visiting
brethren cordially invited to attend.
J. COMB, Scribe.
Nelson Camp No, 51 ofthe Canadian
Order of the Woodmen of tht World
meets every other Monday even
mg at 8 p.m. in Odd Fellows Hall, over
Leiser's store. Visiting neighbours cordially invited to attend.
Geo. Hull, Secretary.
NOTICE
We the undersigned hereby authorise
John llruce to collect all accounts due the
estate of Robert Graham.
R. Grant 1
H. Hamburger j. Trustees.
CUMBERLAND   SHOE   SHOP.
I have moved into my new shop on
First St. next tothe Customs off.ee, where
1 am prepared to manufacture and repair
all kinds of men's, women's, and children's
shoes.   Give me a call.
Nelson Parks.
,.**iJi*.*.).*. .[.';i.,    *������.
.     ,.��� 1*)',111**1,1   '
.*    ;;  "7':;^H>*
Esquimy'lt  and Nanaimo Rv.
Steamer Joan
L. P. LOCKE, WASTER.
On and after Mar. 22nd, 1893
The Stcanvr JOAN will sail as follows
CALLING AT WAY PORTS ae pameagers
und freight may offer
Lea,e Victoria, Tuesday, 7 a. m.
"   N��i)��imo for Comox, Wednesday, 1 ��. ni
Lear. Comox for Naualuo,      Fridays, 7 a.m.
"     Naiiiim. for Victoria   Saturdey, 7 a.it
For freight or state rooms apply on
board, or at the Company's ticket office,
Victoria Station, Store street.
Esquimalt & Nanaimo R'y
Time  Table No.  2S,
To take effect at 8 am ta Monday, October
28,18U5.  Trali,s run on Pacific ,-tanuant time.
GOING NORTH
I Dally. I ���_____
Lv. Vlctorln foi Nanaimo and I a. *. I p. v.
Mollmgton  I  I.M I   J10
Ar.Nunulmo I  I MO I  IH
Ar. Wellington I 11.110 I  8.S6
GOING SOUTH
 r
ul r>
, Dally. I Sat'tiy.
Lv, Wil ington for Victoria IX I 1.90
Lv. Nmiaimo for Victoria... IM IMS
Ar. Victoria     IUB     7,00
For rates aad Information apply at Com*
pony'- offices.
A. OUNSMMR. JOSEPH HUNTER.
President. deal Supt
U.K. PRIOR.
Otn. Freight and Patttsgtr Alt.
NOTICE
Any person or persons destroying or
withholding the kegs and barrels tf the
Union Brewery Company Ltd of Nanai
mn, will be prosecuted. A liberal reward
will be paid for information leading to
conviction.
W. S. Norris, Stc'y
POST OHICX "MOULATIOaT
The money ordtr dtpartment closes at
7 p.m, Thursdays. Letters may bt registered up to 7.30 p.m. on Thursdays. Apply for boxes to arrive aeat raoath befort
they are all taken.
a. or t.
Union Division No. 7, Sons of Temperance, meets in Free Mason's Hall,
Union, every Monday evening at 7:30.
Visiting friends cordially invited to
attend.
THOS. DICKINSON, R, S>
Eiver&ide
Courtenay, B.C.
Grant Ss Mu*-������>_��� hai-. Pi ops
I Best of Liquors
Finest of Cigars
and
Good Table
Courteous Attention
The Famous
DOMINION PANT8 CO.
9M * 9M St. James St,
MONTREAL
SUITS
To ordt
PANT
IS
OSTMiiti for SMt.plpg.   1'u*_���__.������- dtlivoiy.   ( n
loov ill t��ubittm*>*-,tt,
taiinfi Eaw Mili
-AND-
(M aid Boor
F A 0 T O  RY
���o��� :o :o-�������
A. HASLAM, Prop
(OFFICE-MILL  STREET.)
IP. 0. Drawer X.   T.lo|>h_nt Call, 11)
NANAIMO, B. C.
-__?" A complete stock of Rough and
Dressed Lumber always on hand.   Alse
Shingles, laths, Pickets, Doors, Windows and Blinds.   Moulding, Scroll
Sawing, Turning, and all kinds
of wood finishing furnished.
Cedar. White Pine.  Redwood.
Barber Shop   : :
- AMD -
; .*   Bathing
Eslab.ishment
Having varehatid ths abort ol Mr. 0. D.
Kits., Ithallbtpltsstdto-ss all
a,y old fiitcdi, ttd tt assy
atw oast ss may choose
lo givt mt thtir
patreatgt.
O. H. Fechner,
r_%OF_%X_LTO*B
IVERY-
y
I em prepared to
tarnish Stylish Riga
and do Teeming
At reasonable tktem.
D. KHpat-rlek.
BnH��,B.G
EAMING-S98 THE WEEKLY NEWS, MARCH, h, 1S96
fi
LOCALS
When your rival is out of the newspaper it's a good time for you to stay in.
A stock of ladies and gents' Oxford
ties just arrived at McPhee St Moore's.
Those who make use of printers ink
into obscurity never sink.
FIVE Linen Collars for 25 cents at
Lang mans.
A. D. Williams, after a couple of weeks
absrnce is again on deck.
2000 pairs of ladies fine shoes from Si.
up Simon Leisek.
If you have a room for rent advertise
it in the News.
Mr. T. D. McLean is back from
Nanaimo.
Theobald the painter, has on hand for
sale a large lot cf fine fence pests,
Mr. Geo. W. Clinton returned from a
trie to Victoria on Wednesday.
Take a peep at Blore & Son's new
wall papers.
Ernest Halliday and family will leave
fer Kmgcume Inlet in a few days.
Some new lines in Spring Prints, fast
colors at Stevenson & Co's, Union.
One of the latest styles of up-to-date
bicvcles graces the show window of
McPhee St Moore.
For granite ware go to Grant St McGregor's, who have tbe largest and most
complete stock in town.
The band benefit ball was well patron*
ised and the work of the band orchestra
received unstinted praise.
Orders for powder left for me at Dave
Anthony's will receive prompt attention.
F. Curran.
Mrs. ]. S. Kendell,   the milliner,  returned last   Wednesday  from   Victoria
#     where she bad been on a business trip.
If you want the newest and besi styles
in men's felt hats and nl Iml/ rc_ulfti
prices by nil meant! I) iy at Liiogmim's.
Mr. VV. H. Walter and family luve
returned tu Comox Tlieir uc-ji bakery
oven i*, bt-ic^ completed.
For new flannelettes and fancy spring
,'jrcij-; goods, Stecohson & Co is thc place
tn i;itl the correct ihing .11 thr. n^ht price.
, The north side nf Dunsmuir avenue,
Cumberland, presents avety neat appear*
ance. Now lei the south side show that
it cannot be surpassed.
To clear Joo men's fancy laundered
shirts with collars and cuffs nt 45c. wotth
$1.50 Simon Leiser
While Dan was away Tom did good
work slicking up things; another week
and the street pump would have travelled
to the backside of the building.
For Sale.-- 8 acres rheap at Comox
Terms to stilt.   Owner going 10 England.
R. L. Leigh Spencer
I'. O. Bon 370., Nanaimo, or at Cumberland Club..Union.
An examination nf candidates for the
High School, among the various schools
of this district, wus held al Courienay
last Thursday.
LOST���An open faced Rold watch
(gentleman's) mi Tuesday, March 17th,
supposed 10 be Inst on Coniox Koad
between the New Saw Mill and Dowell's
house, Union. Finder will please call at
the News office. A liberal reward will
be paid.
With the reaction of the British Pa.
<t< c propositions by the government,
comes a revival of the quesiion af extending the present island railaay up tn lhe
I f northern end nf Vancouver Island. Why
nnt build it ? We are glad to note the
World of Vancouver city approves of tht
project.
Free to every reader of this paper:���A
book on Fancy Work which contains ;��
illustrations, 'Among them are designs
for sofa Billows, table covers scarfs, tray
cloths, doilltes, celluloid work, tapestry
painting and embroidery. Directions
are given how to make lamp shades,
scrap baskets, photograph stands and a
variety ef fancy articles. Also another
book telling how to make all kinds of
mats and rugs, numbering 6; in all.
These two books will be sent you FREE
if you will send ten cenls for a three
months' trial subscription to The Home
a 16 page paper containing original
stories, fashions, fancy work, etc.,���the
cheapest and best paper published Send
to the publishers, 141 Milk St., Bolton,
Mass., and get the paper and th* tao
books, When writing ask for lheir illustrated Premium List, sent free to any
address.
NOTICE
On and after April ist, 1896, the
barber shops will close an Saturday sight
at I] o'clock and remain closed until
Monday morning at 7:30
Sid C. Hoover.
O. H. Fechner.
��7~There is Nothing
LIKE
LEATHER
II it is Veil Put TcgetHer
80 here it is : :
Single Harness at $lo, $13, $15 per set
and up.��� Sweat Pads at 50 cents.
Whips at 10, 2$, ;o and a good  Rawhide for 7; rents, and 11 Whale Bone
at $1 aod up tu $2.
I have the largest Stock of WHIPS in
town and also the
Beet Axle Grease at O BOaeES
 - .__	
 Fop Twenty-Five Cents	
WARNING.
All persons driving over the wharf or
oridges in Comox district faster than a
walk, will be prosecuted according to
tew.
S. Creech.
 Cnv, Agent
XOTIOS.
Person: ssing the mules and horses ef
the Union Colliery Co. without permis*
sit* will be prosecuted according to Uw.
F.D. Little, Supt.
Take E. Pimbury ft Co's
Balsamic Elixir for coughs
and cold*.
Trunks at Prices to Suit
the Times,
Pkomptly and
NBAILY DONB
I
Wesley Willard
JAMES ABRAMS
Notary Public.
Agent lor the Alliance Fire
Insurance Company of Lon
den and the Phoenix ot
Hartford.	
Agent tor the Provincial
Building and Loan Association ot Toronto.	
Union, B. C
��jM*>.V'-*.*'.**>'*;^
I F. Curran i
I   SCAVENGER   1
UNION, B. C.
C. H. TARBELL,
COR. 3RD AND DVNSMOIt AVK.
Keeps a full line of
Gurnsey Tilden
Stoves, everywhere famous,
AND DOES  ALL KINDS OF
Tin work
Sheet-iron work
Rooiing
Job work
Repairing
AND
Cumberland Hotel.
Union, B. C.
The finest hotel building
Fixtures and Bar
. North of Victoria,
And the best kept house.
Spacious Billiard Room
and new
Billiard and Pool Tables
Best of Wines and Liquors.
J. Piket, Prop.
YBNDOMB
RESTAURANT
At this Kew Bosrdiag Hestt tad Rtttasr
aat yen oaa obtain Meals st St ctatt and
upwards. Board and Lodgiags at $90 par
month ea ths STRICTLY ADVANCE
CASH PLAN. If paid at tha tnd of tht
month $25 will bt invariably thtrgtd.
W. J. HARRIGAN, Prop
Not One Man in
One Hundred
So invttts hit money that it yields, it
twenty years, aaytbiag like tht profit
affurded by a policy of Lift lusursuce.
HISTORY) The percentage tf individuals
-niOTXB  [- who succeed ia business
THM ' ���) is small '
No old-line mutual life insurance eompuy
lut tier failed.
AB II AS AN
PROTECTION 1 I INVESTMENT
LIFE
18-
insurance \UBBIVALLED
m LESS THAN
���Ten Cents a Day*C4
Will buy for a man 35 yeara of iga a
$1,000 20-Payment Lift Policy, ont
oi tht butt forms of iaauranct written
ia tht
Union Mutual Life
Insurance Company
Of Portland, Maine
School and office stationery
at E. Pimbury & Co's drug
store.
A Sound, Safe, Ably Managed, f mooxroa*
ItelisWe Subetautial Institution \    at a,
whioh asvix stands (    1848
tirox TicHmcALinss      ��������-���-**���*"���
I. K. EVANS, I'roTincial llanagtr,
r.o. BOX 693 Vancouver, B. C.
For further information call on
��. i. DALBY,
With James Abrams.
I have an unlimited supply
of money for loans on the security of farming property at
low rates of interest. Loans
put through expeditiously.
Mortgages purchased. Insurance effected.
MARCUS WOLFE
Nanaimo, B. C
P. O. Drawer 17
Dr. JEFFS
Surgeon and Physician
(Graduate ofthe University of Ttrontt,
L. C, P. & S., Ont.)
Office and residence. Maryport
Ave., next door to MP. A. Grant'a
Hours tor consult* tion-0 to lo a m,
2to4and7telOpm.
I. J. Theobald,
House and Sip Fainter,
Paper-Hanginj, Kalsomining
and Decorating.
GRAINING A SPECIALTY.
All orders Promptly Attended te
Union, I. 0.
R. B. ANDERSON.
Watchmaker and Jeweler
General worker in Mitels
Jobbing ol au kinds
Office and Works  ���* *g_ ����
inaicvr *���. o.
M. J. Henry
Nurseryman and Florist
, P.O. address:���Mount Pleasant, Van-
couvtr, B.C. Greenhouse and Nursery,
604 Westminster Road. Most complete
Catalogue in B. C���Free to your address
No agents.
RI-P-A-N-S
B.
mm
Ul
e��
J
a
u
��
u
>
The modern stand
ard Family Medicine :   Cures   the
common every-day
*��
0
ills of humanity.
0
z
0
dj��
���
, n* ���
Union Mines
Furniture   Store
A   Full Line of Everything
Including Curtains, Carpets
and  Rugs,  and our
Celebrated
woven wire
UNDERTAKING
DEPARTMENT
we keep
-eoQiid Hand
Funm-me
k_x_h
*'.*$Bi;!-'7:^!'
We conduct every branch of the
Undertakii-g   Business   including
Embalming, and keep all necessa
ry supplies
oO:_T-_____6_CTORS A."��� S-aT��,*3E.R-S
Grant & McGregov
Puntiedge Bottling Works.
DAVID JONES, Proprietor,
MANUFACTURER OF        ���
SODA WATER,  LEMONADE, GINGER ALE,
Sartaparalla, Chumpr.gue Older, Zrcu Phosphates and Syrupt.
Bottler of .Different  JSrondu of   lager Beer,  Steam Beer and Forttr,
Agent for thj Union Brewery Ci-mpany.
SB3 BEER SOLE FOE CjRJ3~ CNLT
COURTENAY, B. C.
Stage and Livery
C OURTEIT-A-Tr, B. O.
Fine Rigs at Reasonable Retes Always on Hand,
.'.  Teaming Promptly Done,  .'.
I presume we have nsed over
��� one hundred bottles of Piso's
_'Cure for Consumption in my
family, and I am continually advising others
to get it.   Undoubtedly it is the
11
I ever used.���W. C. Miltenberger, Clarion, Fa.,
Deo. 29,1894 1 sell Piso's Cure for Consumption, and never have any com- "~
Slsinta.���B. Shore*, Postmaster,
horey, Kansas, Dec. 21st, 1894.
BLORE 4 SON
Paintebs a Nm Hangers
[Wall   Paper and Paint Store . .
���i]Tinting and Kalsomining a specialty
ALL ORDERS PROMPTLY ATTENDED TO
Williams' Block, Thivd St.      Union,  B. C.
H. A. Simpson
Barrister:!- Solicitor. No's a ft 4
Commercial street.
vrjAXTAZieco,  23. a.
J. A. Oarthew
ARCHITECT ana BUILDER,
���VHTI02-T, B. C.
Nanaimo Cigar Factory
Philli*, Gable and Co., Prop's
Bastion Street    ���    Nanaimo B. 0
Manufactures the finest cigars tnd
employes none but white Ubor.
Why purchase inferior foreign ague
when you can obtain a Sl)l>lR��o�� akti
zti. foi tlie same mosey 4
***|.+++'1.+++4.<.++++4.+4��M,*'H"M'��
AGKICOLTUKE,
Hauling out tbe manure iu winter is
an Innovation which commends itself
to thinking uieu. The sled is more
convenient than the wagon ; neither is
there danger ol cutting up the ground
when hauled In tlie snow reason.
Above all, the wnrk is none when no
other pressing demands are upon the
husbandman. .
II .vou have never done so before,
plant some carrots this year. Some Of
them you may sell nt a good priee,
Imt what yoa do not sell nor eat make
an excellent am! profitable addition to
the feed for tlie horses, colts nnil enws
during* the winter. In moderation,
they will give the desired " butter
culiir" il fed in the dairy.
Clean cut cultivation should i,e given
ln order tn prevent the planted crop
from being defrauded hy the volunteer
orop whioh is ever ready to spring up
beside it. Everything which grows
takes some valuable fertilizing element, from the soil, and au especial
loss Is incurred in any seed'production.
Good farmers on good land will continue to grow some wheat, but the
area of this crop Is certain to lie
smaller until the demand roqulres all
the product. We must turn attention
to other crops, requiring more labor,
for they will pay better. It has been
too easy to grow wheat upon cheap
land.
llraiuage pays iu tliat tbe very soils
wliich need it most are the most productive, as a rule, when drained, (.'lay
soils, whicli are retentive of moisture,
and, therefore, cold aud late, are
strong soils, aud retentive of applied
iiiiiuures. In proper mechanical condition, tliey yield better than naturally
dry suils, usually deficient iu plaut
food.
Stable manure i.s usually poor in
potash and phosphate, and its decay
in tho soil promotes late growth (if
wood and loaf, which is not desirable
in fruit trees or shrubbery; but for
corn, or for a top dressing for clover,
the results prove it most beneficent.
By making a large growth of tlie
latter it enriches wonderfully the soil
for the next crop.
The carriage house should Ik; dry
and well ventilated. There sliould be
no chance for gases from the stable
or manure henp getting into it, Ior
ammonia in the air will destroy varnish and lade colors, both in tlio
painting and upholstering; it unites
with and gradually destroys tlie oil in
the varnish, causing it to slirluk uud
crack.
The true rule is to sow no more
ground than can Isi thoroughly prepared ; but where tlie soil is not too
compact, and is freo from weed
���growth, ploughing may sometimes lie
dispensed with and the upper crust
lie put in good shape to receive oats
by ciirelul harrowing. Thus It may
be under way belore the pressing
spring work begins.
The chicken house produces a fertiliser which is of great value when
properly bandied, but oue wliich can
lie quickly made worthless by mistaken methods. Lime or ashes (infrequently dusted about them nnd
thrown lioneatli tlie roosts under the
impression that they are needed to
keep the bouse pure. Tliese liberate
the valuable ammonia.
To get tlie liest results from chicken
manure feed it in a semi-liquid form
about the strawberry and other
small fruit plants. Sprinkle dry clay
or land plaster plentifully nbout, to
absorb the injurious gases m tho lien
bouse and the excessive moisture, and
remove weekly.
It rats infest the barn, fill a tight
barrel half full of rye nr other grain
and give them a treat for a fortnight, placing a board agaiust the
barrel for easy access. Some night
substitute water for the grain, leaving enough of the latter on top to
deceive, and tlie results will astonish you. Moreover, the rats will
leave that bam for months.
If farmers would exercise their ingenuity as do manufacturers and
business men, In au ellort to get up
a greater diversity of products, und
to put up tlie old products in new
ways, tliey could widen tlieir market
almost indefinitely. Ordinarily tlielr
market is a narrow one.
The bulb of a well developed onion
grow-s near the surface, the true roots
going down but a few Inches. If the
soil is loose lor Siny considerable
depth the roots will grow long, to
tho detriment of the bulb, which becomes slender, instead of growing lull
and round. Plough deon II vou will,
but harrow well nhwl roll often.
STOCK.
The tendency ol the sow lo destroy her yuung is unnatural, and
comes largely from Improper care and
unsanitary surroundings. It Is hard
to tell what a sow will do if she
Is feverish or worried. Infanticide is
not uncommon among human beings
who nro surrounded by filth and
IKior sanitary conditions, nnd wc
cannot wonder at the poor brutes doing the same,
Wc have learned how to take better care of the hogs, giving less corn
and more of a variety of food ami
constant supply of pure water, nnd
there is less persistent Inbreeding to
destroy the vigor and constitution
of the pigs. In oilier words, hog
cholera has been almost Investigated
nut of  existence.
Corn Is undoubtedly the handiest
and most palatable leed for hogs the
fiirin produces, but, either In linear or in meal, it is too rich In fnt
formers and too weak in bono nnd
muscle makers to build up the strong
frame and hardy constitution which
are essential to the cheapest production.
Iu stock raising consider your tastes
and opportunities and then follow
out tlie plan you hnvc laid down until yon become known in connection
with the production of some specialty, nnd when any one wants n
thing in your line lie will come directly to you to buy, feeling certain
. that It wil! nlwa;vs bo of the very
best.
Where lands nre high nnd' the markets good wc must change our custom to meet the Issues of the times,
and produce poultry, spring    lambs,
prime mutton, high grade export beef,
and high class horses : we nlrendy
raise the best hogs in the world. This
very procedure is to yet redeem the
New Kngland States.
It. has been demonstrated that,
when fed with nitrogenous toods, corn
fodder lias a feeding value equal tn
110 per cent, of the same weight ot
timothy liny. Ynu farmers, think ol
this when you are feeding the hay
whirli Is worth from $10 to 1520 a
ton while the Cora fodder stands
wasting in thc fields.
As grain growing becomes less remunerative live stock is essential to
the Independence and prosperity nf the
farmer  ned to ti  *'"' f"r
tility oi' the snll. No fnrnier can raise
Wheat and buy his stock lor meat and
his horses; neither can tbe southern
fanner raise cottnn and send north l'��r
his mutes and bacon.
The Australian newspapers recommend quack grass as a valuable fodder, thriving In any soil ami coming
up first lu tlie spring, nnil because cattle are very fond ot it. q'hts may do
while It Is a grazing country, but
when cultivated crops take tin- place
of sheep raising it will Iw seen In,another light, l.et n�� fight shy of it
here.
1'Ori.TRY.
There arc broiler firms wlio produce
5,0(111 or more chicks nt the snme
time by tlio use of Incubators, and
everything is conducted upon business
principles, It would be Impossible to
supply tlie spring markets with early
broilers were it nut for artificial in-
cubu tl o u.
Witli a guud supply of water and a
goud -supply of feed, we should remember, alsu, tu give tlie latter in variety.
If a certain rution does not produce
eggs, then change it or alternate it
with something else. Fowls muy huve
enough to eat, but not just tbe kind
they desiio or ueed.
It is a troublesome Job to keep
water before hens iu winter, but
tliey must have it In plenty, or they
will neither do well uor lay well. Protect it from filth. In cold weather
let it bu placed before them as hot
as they can drink it. Without painstaking there will be no success.
Always keep before the fowls a supply of ground hone or oyster shell,
aud to theso may be added cut fresh
bone or meat. There is no single ration which will give sueh results as
grouud fresh boue Irom the market.
Place a sheep carcass in the hen yard,
and the increase ln the egg production
will be at once discernible.*
Tlie farmer will obtain a large Increase iu productiou and profit hy
checking the roaming tendency ol
his fowls. This is really a matter
worth heeding. It will pay to provide
suitable shelter and yards, and they
will uot only return amply for tlie
care bestowed, but that care brings
a pleasure of its own.
Iieeauso capons find a ready market la a few of the larger cities ol
tlie country It doos uot follow that
they will be equally in demand everywhere. At some points the supply lar
exceeds the demand. Let us restrict
the production uutil the demand Increases.
An excellent morning ration for
tlie hens is boiled oats. If laying, a
good mixture can be made of meal,
bran and ground oats. Foil the evening meal alternate with wheat, corn
and oats, whole; and give them the
needed exercise by making them
scratch for it undor the straw.
Save thc chicken mauure. Place the
droppings lu barrels or boxes, aud
keep them from contact with the
rain or snow. Some tilings seem trifles, but the little savings fill up the
greater leaks. Tills manure, if used
to tiie best advautagc, will show
its worth.
Many a farmer's wife is not only
making pin monoy, but a large profit,
from her hens. In the near future
we sliall hear of the general use of
the Incubator on thc farm, and iu tiie
skilful hands ol the women, The
specialists will not always have things
to themselves.
Tho hen in winter quarters must be
artificially supplied with what she
can pick up for herself when running
nt inrgo. II grain Is constantly (cd,
our first prompting will be an egg laid
with a thin shell. There Is not shell
forming material In the ration; it
is not properly balanced.
A scientific breeder says 100 grains
of lime nre needed to make a strong
egg shell, and as 1,000 pounds of
wheat or corn contain less than a
pound of llnie, the hen enn not get
the lime she nnr.ds out ol her grain
rations. It wonld require tlie lime
from 200 pounds of wheat to supply
n  dozen eggs.
If tho poultry will not eat the clover
rendu v nftei It Is run through the
cutter, mix It with hrnn or shorts,
nnil it will mako a splendid morning
rntlon. Steam It by throwing It
into a pall nnd pouring boiling wnter
over it. letting It stand over night,
Tn clover there will be an nhundnnt
supply ol lime.
Do not feed merely to keep the hens
llllve nnd satisfy their hunger. Hnve
u purpose In feeding, nnd feed for tliat
purpose, Dnless tlie hens nvo In n
bright, healthy condition, expect few
ergs. Neglect neither food, exercise,
cleanliness nor protection.
One gieat point lu Invor, ol nrtin*
elallv hutched Chickens is that they
rarely have a bug or Insect upon
thom, Tills helps to reduce tlie loss
by (loath, and nids by bringing tbem
up strong nnil healthy. Th" ordinary nest Is so often foul with pars*
sites that the chicks have but little
rhance to get a  start In the wnrld.
A   FARMER'S   ADVICE.
He Tells tlie People to Shun Imitations,
Be Had Heen Imposed Upon 'i, un 1 iis.iiiji-
ulons Dealer With Che Kesiilt That It
Nearly Oust the Life of a Li.veUMeuther
of Ilia Family.
(Prom the Woodstock, N. B. Sentinel.)
A reporter ol the Sentinel recently ;
dropped   Into    the.   Victoria     lintel, j
looking for general news, and to scan
the register for arrivals. Among those
present   he   noticed   a    well  dressed
farmer sitting rending a small pamphlet, The reporter asked  the landlord
If there was anything new, and being
answered in the negative the farmer
tamed and  addressed  him.  "Looking
lur news, eh '.' Well, sit down and I'll
give you  something   worth  publish- i
ii*g." The reporter wns ut once on the
alert, and the fanner continued. "You I
sec  this   Utile     book   1 hold   in  my
hand? Well,  the title of it Is 'Five
Prize Stories' and tliere is more good
sense in it than in half uf the philosophical works of the duy, und it don't
lay in any of the stories, either. Well,
aliout a year ago 1 got hold of another little   book  by the same authors,    entitled    'Four  Generations,'
which I read carefully through, and
oue very  Important thing 1* rend in
it H'M, beware ol imitations, Just ns
I read In thta little book. Now, I wish
to show how I had been taken    In
ddeceived) and  how I lound it out
nnd how near It came to costing me
the dearest member of my household.
Well, to begin at the beginning,   my
name is  Shepherd     'Hanks;     I    reside       11   1-2     miles      from      the
village       of        Bristol,        Cnrleton
Co., N. B., and nm a well-to-do farmer.
For several years my wire was troubled with pains In the back and weakness of the kidneys.   About two yeurs
ago -she was taken very ill, the trouble taking the form of acute rheumatism. We consulted no less than three
different doctors, who, however, failed
to help her.   She continued  to grow
weaker and weaker, nnd the pains she
endured were something terrible. For
over a year she was unable to do a
dingle thing about the house, and she
had fallen away in weight from 180
to 130 pouiuls, and we despaired of
her recovery.   I happened to notice in
one of tlie newsp_jierR a  testimonial
of a similar cure through the use of
Dr.  Williams' Pink Pills.     I  immediately got a couple of boxes. My wile
began taking them, nnd by the time
she hnd used these she began to! gain
appetite aud lier pains    were    much
eased, and we begaai to have great
hope* or au ultimate cure. I then went
for another supply ol the pills. This
Ume I Sun-chased them lu bulk, paying
SO  oents for  100  prills,   widen  were
taken from a large glass bottle.     I
took tbem home and my wife began
their use.     Soon after she began to
grow worse agntn ; the old pnlns returned severer than ever.     We still
Oonttnned the use of the pills    until
about n third of them  wore    gonte.
About this time I  got  through the
mail, along witli my neighbors,  the
hook    entitled 'Four Generations,' Issued by the Dr. Williams' Medicine Co.
On reading It It did not take me long
to find out that the pills I had bought
tn hulk were & fraud, as Dr. Williams'
Pkik Pills are not sold in bulk, butt in
boxes with the   trade mark on  the
wrapper.  I Went to the cupboard a Ml
taking dowu the   box tn which   the
pills were threw It and its  contents
Into the stove. I then went and procured a half dozen boxes ol  the genuine Pink Pills, and Irom tlie time my
wife began tlieir use there was an improvement in her condition. She used
about   twelve  boxes altogether,  and
Ito-day     there   is   rio     heartier     or
healthier woman In the neighborhood,
and Dr. Williams' Pink Pills  are the
standard medicine in our home.  Publish this ?  Yes, It may do some other
sufferer good. We are all thankful for
what Pink Pills have done for us, but
be   sure  you   caution   your   readers
against those vile Imitations."
The warning uttered by Mr. Banks
Is one that the public will do well to
heed, for some unscrupulous dealers in
different parts ot the country try to
Impose upon the publio by trashy imitations colored to present the appear*
���nee of the genuine Pink Pills. The
public can always protect themselves
by bearing ln mind that the genuine
pills are never sold by the dozen, hundred or ounce. They are alwayB put
up In boxes, arouiid which will be
found full directions lor their use, the
whole enclosed ina label bearing the
full trade mark, " Dr. Williams' Pink
1111s for Pale People." If you want a
medicine that will cure all diseases
dne to i>oor or watery blood, or shattered nerves, ask for the genuine link
Pills, and take nothing else, no matter
what some interested dealer who Is
looking lor n larger profit may say.
FOR LUCK.
Tom���I like your new house. What
n charming vista, one gets through
theso parlors into the library.
Kitty���Yes; but my brother says
I'll never have any luck until tlie
portieres are up.
A SUBSTITUTE.
Young Housekeeper���Have you any
canvas-backed ducks ?"
-Market Man���No, lady, hut I have
sonic line ennvus-packed hums. Shall
I send you up a pair 7"
Young Housekeeper���Well, yes; I
suppose they'll  do.
A SCKIl'TUltAIi INJUNCTION.
"It wns St. Paul who ndvlsed Timothy to take a little wiue for his
Stomach's sake, wasn't it?" usked the
prohibition boarder. ,
"I think it wus," unswered Mrs.
Hushcroft.
"H'm I No wonder it took the
steamship ol that name so long to
get away from the bar."
OVERDOING IT.
'Now, 1 maintain,'* said Miss Strung,
"til'iitrtncj*,.* is no punc*- fliltedi by -a, nitin
which a woniuu cannot UU. Is thut
comprehensive einuiugh ?"
"It is very comprehensive," replied
Mr. North-side, "but I ami prepared to
go still further iu advocacy of woman's ability."
"Are you ?"
"Yes, I am. On tlie sent of a street
car, for instance, she cuu fill twin
men's places."
SAYINGS OF A PRINCESS.
Here arc some of the sayings of
Princess Faradla, a Swede by birth,
but who is tlie wife of the Turkish
Ambassador at the Hague; "It is
u great blessing for n womau to have
a husband who is a gourmet, for
then she knows the way to his
heart." "Egotists ure the only people who will never huve to bewail
the dentil of tlielr best loved friends.'
"God crented the hiisbnnd nnd wile
���who created tlie niotlier-in-law ?"
"It '*> less luiniiliuting to bore the
world thnn to amuse it too much."
PUZZLING NOMENCLATURE.
Farmer stopped in front ol Michigan city's electric light   plant    and
usked a bystander:
"Whnt is that air bulldln', a factory V"
"No, a plant," came the answer.
"What do they rnlso there?"
"Currents," replied the quick-witted
bystander.
"What are they worth a bushel ?"
"We sell tliein by the shock."
Farmer pulled his beard, scratched
his  head,  nnd drove down town to
market, 'his vegetables.
NOTHING STANDS AS HIGH
As a remedy for every womanly ailment, ns Pierce's Favorite Prescription. It ls an invigorating, restorative tonic, a soothing and strengthening nervine, nnd a complete cure
Ior nil the derangements, puinful disorders nnd chronic weaknesses peculiar to the sex.
For young girls entering womanhood ; Ior women at the critical
"change of lite"; for women approaching confinement; nursing mothers ;
nnd every womnn who is " run
down." tired, or overworked���It Is a
special, sate, and certain help. Send
Ior free pamphlet or remit 10 cents
(stamps) for n book of 108 pages on
" Woman and Her Dlsenses," and how
to cure them with homo treatment.
Addlress World's Dispensary Medicnl
Association, Buffalo, N, Y.
Dr. Pierce's Pellets cure constipation, piles, biliousness, indigestion, or
dyspepsia  nnd headaches.
A BUSINESS YOUTH.
There Is n very practical young mnn
In Brooklyn ol the name ol Lombars.
He heard of a position tn business
which he could have It he was married. He wns not a benedict, but he
mnde haste to be one. He advertised
nt once that he wanted a wife. The
replies came in at once and have been
coming ever since. Now he hns 049,
but long before that number wns
reached he had found a girl who
answered perfectly and had married
lier, 'aifter a carelul examination of
her merits. It wns wholly a business
nflalr, he says, but while he was
about It he thought It best to have
a first-class wife.
HOWS  THIS!
Wo offer Hue Hundred Hollars Reward for any case of Catarrh that
can not lie cured by Hall's Catarrh
Cure.
F. .1. CHENEY & CO., Props., Toledo, O,
We. the undersigned, have known F.
���T. Cheney lor the Inst 15 years, and
believe him perfectly honorable In
all business transactions and financially able to carry out any obligations made by their Ilrm.
West & Tru.'ix, Wholesale Druggists,
Toledo. 0-; Wulding, Kinnan & Marvin. Wholesale Druggists,  Toledo, O.
Hall's Catarrh Cure Is taken internally, acting directly upon the blood
and mucous surface* of the system.
Price, 75c. per bottle. Sold Iiy all
Druggists.   Testimonials tree.
Till*   VALENTINE KISS.
SAFE, SURE, PAINLESS,
.lust what yott need If you are troubled by aching corns. Putnam'B Painless Corn Ettractor acts in this way.
It makes no sore spots, acts speedily,
removing the worst corn in twenty-
four hours. Putnam's Corn Kxtrttu-
tor, the only sure corn cure.
SHE MISJUDGED HIM.
Mrs. Hardhead (glancing over
EMBARRASSING SITUATION.
First usher (wbo was a rejected
suitor of the bride)���I can never keep
step going up the aisle.
Second usher���Go up with me; 111
fix you. (As wedding march strikes
up.)   Now!    Left���left���left���Ielt "
First usher���For heaven's sake,
shut up I J know I'm left, but don't
tell the whole church about It.
Karl's Clover Root Tea purifies tlie
blood and gives a clear and beautiful complexion.
AN ACCOMPLISHED HORSE.
A colored man was bragging about
his horse. "Why, bless you, man," he
said, "dnt ar boss kla kick yo' collar button off wldout ebber tleliin' yo'
nock I"���Youth's .Companion.
TTIioitsiinds of cases of consumption,
Asthma, Coughs, Colds, and Croup are
csi-od every d.iy by shllnh's Cure.
ISSUE NO 10 1896
NOTE.
In replying to nny ot tliese _o
vertlseinents, please mention tills
paper.
scrofula
An}* doctor will tell yoa
that Professor Hare, ol
Jefferson Medical Colleea,
Philadelphia, is one of thn
highest authorities in the
world on the action oi
drugs. In his last work,
speaking of the treatment
of scrofula, he says:
" It is hardly necessary to mate that eod-ltMe
oil is the best remedy ot all. The oil eheeJH
be given in emulsion, so prepared  as is to
palatable."
He also says that tho
hypophosphites should ba
combined with the oil.
Scott's Emulsion of cod-
liver oil, with" hypopho*
phites, is precisely such ���
preparation.
tni \Attt.<i
Flowers, and
ssued
WRITE US
T WILL PAV
i-i Cni'adn
TheSl2eie,feSsedCo.
��� _,,���.���,. -��� - .,,,.-,    i..eiiMTo. Cut
FOR TWENTY-SIX TEARS
DUNNS
BAKING
POWDER
MCOOK'SBESTFRIEND
LARGEST SALE IN CANADA.
!SE.*fB.MOTOB c��* �����" ���>���" tte Hort-M
MM toner to 1/0 Mat It km., It tiu man* brant*
ousee, snd supplies lu eooda and renala
at tow door. lic��u��inia��, luniU.
better article lor less meets Qua
outers- It makes pumping aat
mOamfisteel, aairamiMaBee.
"���Completion Windmill ..TUtUa
'_____?'___** *������������. Steel Sin 55
g���aei��On ��ppli_����on It wll name one
S-r^mmeet snide, u.st I, mu lun.i,*, unta
^.-*_--__'J__J-"*������_�����-������������ "�� <eu**m
i !**a. ���MM Ml mam Simla, CMa__
FOR SALE, OOSS WEB I'EItFECT-
inir press, In good running order ; capacity 4 and 8 pnges.ftl or 7 columns ;
xlicet 21 x 341-4. For further particulars, address ITrrnld Printing Co.,
Hamilton.
IWO SCHOOLS UNDER ONE HANMEIEI!
In muny parts of England and Scotland it is still customary, as it lias
been Ior muny centuries, for young
men and women to regard tlielr valentine tlio lirst person ol the opposite sex whom tholr eyes behold on
tlio morning of St. Valentino's dny,
and they havo the right to claim the
said valentine whicli he or she is In
honor bound to accord without resistance or remonstrance ol any kind.
The (itieen arrived nt Windsor yesterday.
CAN* RHED5IA3TSM UK CCltED?
The application ol Nerviline���norve
pnln cure���whicli possesses such marvellous power orer all nerve pain, gops
greatly to prove that It enn. Nerviline acts on the nerves, soothe* ttiera,
drives pnln out, and ln this way give*
relief.    Try It and be convinced.
IMMEDIATELY BELOW.
Passer-By���Is this Clark street T
Official���Well, It's as close to Clark
street as you can get until the slush
to scraped off.
letters)���This young man who applies
for a situation has the stamp on
crooked, and it's upside down. Doesn't
that indicate he Is lnty, careless and
perhaps cranky ?
Mr. Hardhead (an old business man)
���No, my dear, It Indicates that he ls
a hustler, who wastes no Ume on
trifles.
IF TIIE IUBl'IS CUTTING TEETH
Ee sure nnd use that old and well
tried remedy, Mrs. Wlnslow's Soothing Syrup tor children teething. It
soothes thc child, soltens the gums,
n'Inj's all pain, cures wind colic and
is tlie best remedy for diarrhoea.
Twenty-live cents a bottle.
TO CLEANSE  PIANO KEYS.
Wash the keys of your piano with
a weak solution ol alcohol, keep It
open during the day, and your keys
will not grow yellow, neither will
It Injure the tone.���Itoseleaf.
Consumption can be cured by the
use of Shlloh's Cure. This great
Cough Cure Is the only known remedy
lor that terrible disease.
���There are two yonng ladles ln Barrie wbo were born on Feb. 29th.
Toronto and Stratford, Onk UNQUE8TI0M
ABLY the leading commercial sohools ot Um
Dominion. ADVANTAGES BKBT IN OAM
ADA. Moderate rates. Students admitted M
any time. Write te oithor school for circulate
Mention thle paper. 8HAW k ELLIOTT
principals
KELLY'S  BUSINESB COLLEGE,  FBB��:
oott, Ont.   Shorthand and bookkeeping
taught by mall,  Write for particulars.
A FORTUNE IN A MONTH
Cannot bo expected, but tlm biggest money
made by agents Unlay iii mnde by those who
handle our Silverware, Tableware, Ten and
Coffee Strainers, .Stereoscopes and Views,
Violin Outfits, Photograph Frnmes, Leatherette
Table Mats, etc. Cash Daid for raw furs.
THK QUEEN SILVERWARE CO.,
Montreal, Que
$150 For an Old Canadian Stamp.
Every Canadian Stamp used between 18SI
and 1895 ie valuable and worth from 10c to fUO
eaoh. I buy any quantity, on theoriginalooven
preferred.   Also all  other kinds of Htamps,
{artlcularly those collected 25 years ago. Send
or price list to O. A. NKEDHAM, 651 Main
street east, Hamilton, Ont.
OLD CiliDlAH POSTAGE ST&MPS,
PARTIES HAV1NO OLD I.KTTBB3 la
orlidnal envelopes of the dates 1S51 to 1870 with
postage stamps ttioreon will get good prloes Ar
the Btamps by applying to Boi 185, Hai '"
Ontario.
VI M
THE DISMAIi KINO.
iiy mamma told mo a, story    last!
night���
A bed-time story; they're, so   nice,
you know.
Twas the funniest   thing you   ever
heard.
'Bout the place where cross   little
people go.
Did you over henr of  tliat strungo,
strange land,
Where   nothing    is   ever     exactly
right?
It's either so dreary, the world, looks
gray,
Or else It's just scorching, tbo sun's
eo bright!"
And the children pout, and sometimes
tliey scowl,
And everybody looks grave and sad;
They cry, or they groan, they  luss
and they fret,
But no one  ever looks sunny   nnd
glad.
Dear me 1   1 don't dare to tell    any
more,
For fear I'll grow like theiu soure
dreadful day I
I -don't want to go there at all, do
JTMll?
I'd rather   be    thousands ol tulles
away, I
But I'm not afraid of King Fuss-and-
tret.
He'll never take mo to his   doleful
place:
There's a wny to bo   sale   from ble
messengers,
It ls always to wear a sunny face.
He likes little people who scowl  and
whine,
Who don't help mamma, or bring ln
the wood,
Who're always complaining tbat lessons are hard.
Who don't like to stuily, ns scholars
should.
And such   little  lulks he just  carries
away
To that kingdom of his, where tbey
fuss and they fret,
Just the same as when here���I wonder
if they
Are fussing and fretting and com*
plaining there yet 1
But do 'an I told you, Just smile and
be good.
And you never need fear that dismal
old King.
Be sunny and  loving, be helpful  and
bright,
He never takes children who langb
and sing I
CHILDREN AT THE TABLE.
Table manners are, or ought to be,
an important part of tho training ol
children. If possible, tlie little folks
should ulwnys meet with the father,
mother and other members of the
family at the table. It is uot always wiso to crowd them off to a
side tablo all by tbemselves. They
should not load tbe conversation;
tbey should be taught never to interrupt tlieir elders, but they should be.
allowed to assist ln the conversation,
which will teach them to express their
thoughts intelligently, and parents
should see that they use the best
language. Children can be earl]
taught to out quietly; to avoid
noises in swallowing and chewing; to
use tlie fork and not the knife; that
with the fingers enn be taken bread,
fruits and cuke; the proper use ol
tho nnpkln, and that tliey are not to
display any marked likes and dislikes. Older members of the family
should bo ns polite to eaoh other and
to the children as to any guest; then
you will not be haunted by the fears
that ln some unguarded moments the
children will bring themselves and you
to disgrace, for tablo manners " are
sure Indications of social, mental and
moral culture.'1
CAUSE   FOR   COMPLAINT.
"1 dou't like grandma  at all," sins
Fred,
"I don't like grandma nt all,"
And be drew his face In a queer grimace���
The tears  were  rendy to fall;
And he gave his kitten a loving hug,
And disturbed  her nap on the' solt,
warm rug.
"Why,   what     has   your     grandma
done V" I usked,
"To trouble  the  little boy?
0, whnt has she done, the cruel one,
To scatter   the smiles ol Joy ?"
Through quivering lips the   nnswei
came,
"She ��� i-nllcd ��� my ��� kitty ��� horrid
���name."
"Sho did ?   nro  you  sureT    aud    I
kissed the tenrs
Away from the eyelids wet.
"1 can scarce believe  thnt grnndms
would grieve
The feelings of cither pet.
Whnt did    she    suy 1"    "Boo-hoo 1"
cried Fred,
"She���called���my���kitty���a ��� quadruped I"
���Our Dumb Animals
THE LAST HOOD NIGHT QUESTION.
"I want to ask one more question,"
said Uttle Frank, ns he waB being
put to bed. "Well," acquiesced the
tired mamma. "When holes come ln
stockings, what becomes of the piece
of stocking that was there before the
hole came?"
JOKES FOR BOYS AND GIRLS.
"Davie," asked Edith, "what makes
tears?" "Huh I" snorted Davie,
"don't you know that? Tears come
when a feller's sorryer gets tipped
over."
"There are some things ln this
world I don't understand," said Bobby.
"Ono of them ls why small boys have
snch Uttle stomachs and such targe
appetites."
Mother-Now, Willie, you've been
eating mince pies till you've made
yourself 111. I shall have to send for
the doctor. Willie���I say, 111 you are
sending for the doctor, may I. have
another mince pie? It won't make
mny difference, you know.
NOTES and COMMENTS.
A 'OuiTaiu woman, tired ut aevaet
kicked and cuffed by a drnnken brute
of a husband, had him arrested and
fined $50. Then to save him from
prison she paid his tine. And yet some
people think they understand the pet-
tlcoated puzzle of the nineteenth century I
Dole having stolen the Hawaiian
Queen's throne, Is now generously
moved to grant her a *' conditional
pardon." The fellow who robbed the
blind nian of his box ol quarters and
kicked him because tliey woro uot
sovereigns, Is " not In It " witli) the
Sandwich Island's President.
have raised I It would have been
cited as another evidence of the
"deep-seated hostility" of "perfidious Albion."
Tho Chicago courts have decided
that tho decision ol a Canadian
court is conclusive us to the law and
merits of u case, but owing to the
fact that in France testimony ot unsworn witnesses ls received, the
United States courts will only accept
tlio Judgment of a French court as
establishing a prima facie case.
The Buffalo Express regards the proposal of Senator 1'ettlgrew to slaughter all the seals, because, forsooth,
the United States seal hunters can't
havo a monopoly of the business, as
too much like "spite work." Still
that sort of thing is Just about tbe
level of the United States Senate as
at present constituted.
A St. I.nuis man ls suing a doctor
for $15,000 damages for publishing a
picture ol him in connection with a
report of his case. That St. Louis
man does not know ivhat Fame
beckons to him. In this countiy the
average man���if we may Judge by the
medicine advertisements���Ilnds glory
galore ln posing as the great example
of " after taking."
Nebraska has been shaken by
earthquake, nnd in places sulphurous
gases come up through the heated
ground. An old Southerner of our acquaintance used to say that the reason the "Tarheels" of North Carolina did not plough deeper was for
fear of going through tlie crust into
the infernal regions supposed to be
beneath that State. Do they extend
to Nebraska?
Frlnce Boris, whose " conversion '
Is tlie subject of a continental wrangle
Just now, ts paying very little attention to a [fairs of Church or state
This apparent apathy is easily accounted for by the fact that the
Prince is just two years old, having
been born In January, 1894. On Saturday he will formally accept the doctrines of the Greek Orthodox Church.
And for such causes ls the peace of
nations placed in jeopardy11
The Boston Herald reads the Monroe doctrine as requiring the United
States to fight, If necessary, for the
protection of Britain's American possessions against any foreign lnvnder.
It snys "this Is an assertion of the
Monroe doctrine, unlike certain recent constructions of It, that Is thoroughly In harmony with the Intent
and meaning of the original drafters
of that continental theory, and ln
every wuy consistent with the exposition of it set forth by Daniel Webster and other early and well-informed
commentntors upon this fundamental
doctrine." The Herald asserts its belief thnt "on the ground of mutual
Interest, If for no higher motive, an
acceptance of tt would bo readily given
by the English people, provided the
attempt was not made to distort it
out of nil relation with its original
intent." That tliere has been nny difficulty It thinks ls duo to "lack of diplomatic ability" In United States
statesmen and the "characteristic
curtuess" of Lord Salisbury.
Evidently much of the rubbish
written about the new photography
ls not the work of scientists. Probably the Venezuelan boundary liar is
trying his hand at it astonishing
newspaper renders. II the cathode or
X rays will resuscitate drowned
creatures it is hardly probubie tliat
they will slaughter bacilli. If they
will penetrate tissues and picture
bones It ia .Improbable that they
will penetrate bones nnd photograph
tissues. If metals are transparent to
this light It will prove less valuable
in surgery than some people seem to
expect. But It is yet too early to
lorm  opinions.
ONLY A IU ITilN NEEDED.
���)*4"l"l"l'-H"l"l"l"l'''l"H"I"l'-l-'l"l-'l'-l"l*-��f��t
���,���,$     IIIAII-ll'f
! 4"       eiimi,-.
Work of .**li>t���r��i��*u ou  Street   Car,
Soon I..* slm|,lilie(l.*^H	
Probably the most Important
changes now going on lu electrical
railway work  is the substitution ol
mechanical     or     automatic     power , My love is dancing tlie minuet.
brakes for tlie crude hand brak.s thnt !     ,Vitl1 stately step and slow,
depend upon the mere muscle of tho j *n" ehe links so fair with her po*����
motorman. All the progressive street aerai hair.
H+++*++**++++*f*|.++++++++*.i
A  LADV  (II*'  I.ONti  AOO.
dered hair,   ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
Like a lady o*. lung ngo.
And as 1 gaze on my owu true love
(Her roses all ablow),
I wish tlnut 1 were a lord, and sbo
Were n lady ol king ago.
For then 1 would kneel ut ber little
leet,
And, humbly bended low,
car lines are evincing a preference for
brakes that eliminate the factor ol
human power and endurance, and are
rapidly substituting air-brakes, the
air for which is compressed by the
car itself. Tliere are also one or two
forms of magnetic brakes, and a new
form Is that of a hydraulic*, brake.
It is worthy of note that until recently street railway men had a pre- I i could "tail my tnio'Vn ii' manner inset
Judlce against power brakes on the ���
score of their causing liat wheels.
Investigation shows that tbe truth
Is exactly opposite, and that the
quicker the brake ls applied tho less
the flattening effect. The hand brnke,
working with comparative slowness
and with less facility, tends, it seems,
to muko the wheels skid nnd flatten.
Strangely enough, outside this country there Is very little public worry on
tlie subject of fenders, but the demand
for power brakes almoet everywhere
takes the form of a governmental or
municipal  regulation.     It ls believed
that American opinion will also reach
tills  point  la time,  no matter! how
good  the fenders muy prove to  be.
Another modification of street car
practice is expected iu the adoption
of more musical gongs. The prevalent
types not only deafen the passors-by,
but use up the energy of the motor-
men and Jar their nervous systems,,
It has also been predicted that the
big, heavy lever handles, now familiar
on the 6urs, will disappear, and that
the men will be seen controlling the
movements of the car by a small lever,
or even hf a simple unobtrusive push
button.���Pittsburg DlspntciiL
In 1S70 a man died ln Loa Angeles,
Cal., leaving $200,000. Litigation followed, and a few days ago, all the
heirs having died or removed from the
district, an order was made for the
payment of the competency Into the
county treasury. It realized exactly
40 cents. It is comforting to learn
that there has been no dishonesty ln
the handling of the case, all the
money being accounted for in "necessary legal expenses."
It begins to look as if a settlement
of thc Venezuelan boundary question
were within sight, at least so far as
the United States and Britain are
concerned. What Venezuela may say
or think doesn't enter into tlie consideration, apparently. Still, thc logical consequence of Intermeddling in
South American alfairs is becomlug
responsible for South American countries' behavior, and If the United
States assume responsibility it may
simplify matters much.
Amelie litres Chanler, author ol
" The Quick or the Dead," aud who
was divorced In October last, has married a Russian, Princo rierre Trou-
betzkol, a musician whom she mot
and fell lu lovo with shortly alter her
marriage to Chanler. Atnello's tirst
love was dead long beforo the law
loosed tho tic, and she has been quick
enough In all decency ln buckling to
the newer ono. Amelie ls evidently
rapid-     	
The Canadian Baptist remarks
that It Is an Interesting fact that
the new railway station at Jerusalem ls ln tlie Vale of Hlnnom. and on
the exact spot which used to be the
site of the Gehenna of the New Testament. This ls one ot the words rendered "hell" by the translators ol
King James' version, the others being
" sheol" and " hades." Time brings
queer changes, and one of them la
the brakeman's cry " next station,
Gehenna; all change care I"
The Church clubs of the United
States held a conference In Buffalo
last week and gravely decided that
the standard of business morality ln
the States is perceptibly lower than
It was fire years ago, and ls steadily sinking. Tliis was sold to be
specially noticeable ln Chicago. If
some observant Briton had ventured
tliat opinion what a howl It would
About three yeurs ago Hugh F.
Dempsey was sentenced to penitentiary for seven years for the deliberate murder of a number of workmen,
at Homestead, by poison. The crime
was a diabolical one, and that a capital sentence was not imposed was a
*dev��n> t\rftvre\,vr. oa ion administrn*-
tioii of Justice in Pennsylvania. Now
a movement is ou foot to secure the
multi-murderer's pardon, political Influence being brought to bear. That
sort of thing accounts for the disrespect for law wliich prevails in
many parts of the Republic, The
orderly certainty of punishment as
much as its severity toads to confidence and security in a community.
Ite knows better than to alii Sjiaia
even indirectly in tlio Cuban war. Ul*
knows thnt such a course would raise
un angry protest In tills country iu
comparison witli wliich thu feeling
over the Venezuelan incident would
be a flash in tho pan. If England
has oceuslon to send warships to Havana, It will bo to call Spain to account for some shortcoming, wliich
would help, not hurt, the cause of tlie
revolutionists.���Rochester Union and
Advertiser.
Salisbury has Just as much right to
send vessels to aid Spain iu Cuba as
he would have to send thom to hurt
To a lady of long ago
They suy  the world  tins  iirugressi'd
since then ;
Alas .'   It may be so",
For lovers were'Slain like submit iu��*s
For thc Iml cs nl lung ago.
And yet. as 1 gme on m.v little love.
(Hor rose* nil ablow),
I think that I had been proud to die
For her In the long ago.
llie Hut, riiniii   Bat.
;'X)
her.     He Is not likely to do cither _   _
but If be concluded to do so, no amount ' li,!0 maladies than merely lifting the
TAKK (AUK OF THK OI1KST.
Aud the Keen or the Body Will Take Care
or itself.
" Tnko enro of your chest," said the
physical culture teacher within the
hearing of a Now York Sun reporter,
" and the rest of your body will take
care of Itself. The chest is the chief
thing to be remembered. Keep It well
raised and your liead, spine, shoulders will involuntarily assume their
proper positloas without any elfort on
your part. The cry from parents
and teacliers used to be ' Throw your
shoulders back I' But this mistaken
notion Is now completely exploded.
The shoulders have nothing to do witb
correct posture. It is all the chest,
and its elevation or depression will
regulate tlte rest ol the body. The
chest is the seat ot all things spiritual, elevating and onobling. Bring
it into prominence nnd you bring into
prominence the best qualities of your
nature. It has been snid tliat whatever psychological attribute ls most
marked In a human being ls corres-
jiondingly most marked In.his physical
being. If he's a glutton bis stomach
is most in evidence; if a scholar or
brnln*-worker, his head is suro to be
thrust well forward, but If he preserves a propor intellectual balance he
walks with ills chest in advance ol
the rest 01 his body. It is curious,
too, how one may really Influence his
own mental condition In this wny.
Just try nnd seo how impossible it is
to sny ' Oh. how hnnpy T mn '.' with
sunken chest and six-nt breath. One
involuntarily lifts his chest nnd tnkes
a good, long breath when bo says
anything optimistic and brave, for
If he doesn't lie might Just as well
but ' Have mercy on us miserable sinners.' Tlie effect ls the snme. There
is no surer cure for tlie  ' blues-
������"C ___
The hat Is of black shiny beaver
with flat bell crown and wide brim I
it is trimmed with a band of ribbon
tied ln a small bow at the side, and
rather at the back is a cluster of
peacock's feathers.
A iieaotllui nn,ii-**.
of Yankee screaming would i
purpose.
stnrb his
Tbat Manoa company wliich hud so
much to do with stirring up the
Venezuelan trouble has gone into the
hands of a receiver. It was an aggregation of Yankee siieculators, said
to comprise somo high officials, which
got some " concessions" from Venezuela. The land was in the territory claimed by Britain, and It Is
not likely that It cost tlie adventurers much ln cash. The Washlng-
llar tolled for    them  and few
ton
Yankee papers overlooked their "Interests" in fulminating against Britain. If the Inner history of this
fake concern wero written it might
provo highly interesting.
The fondness of some of our republican cousins for thoso nuiue   adorn-    _^_^^^^^^^^^_^^__
ments which nre,    theoretically, tho i ln e-rcoss ot tho corresponding total
distinguishing feature of " effetu mon-      '" "'"  ""'
chest and taking n good, long breath,
It scores away all the butrnbooH of
pessimism.
BRADSTREET's'oN TRADE.
Tlio condition of general trade
tlio past week throughout the Provinces ol Ontario aud Quebec appears
to be unfavorable. Sales aro slow
and collections somewhat discouraging. The long list of business failures
Is continued, and Dominion banks are
curtailing credits. Favorable features of tbo business situation tliere
seem to lie small stocks In tho hands
of dealers and tho absence of inflation. General trade seems to be Improving In Nova Scotia, where tlie
country ronds aro in excellent condition. Bank nnd Labrador codfish are
lower, owing to Importations from
Newfoundland. Tho St. John's, Nlld.,
scaling Hoot has finally lieen uble to
get through tlio Ice, and sail. P.ank
clearings at Winnipeg, Toronto,
Montreal, Hamilton nnd Hnlifax aggregate $19,200,000 last week, about
i5 por cent, moro thnn tbo previous
week, nnd moro    thnn 25 per cent.
archies," lends William Drnn Howulls
to (Loclaro that " we Americans need
titles and need 'cm right awny.'*
Probably the crop of war generals
and colonels Is nearly exhausted mid
something is needed to break the monotony ol " Jucfgen " and " llonoriibles."
A Kansas editor appreciates tho situation and he steps Into tho breach
to do his share by dubbing overy man
who pays a year's subscription In advance, "Colonel"'; six months earns
"Major"; three months, "Captain";
nnd so on. That's cheaper than col-
lego degrees.
HER HOPES DASHED.
"Doctor," said a distressed wile to
the lamlly physician, us he was coming downstairs from his patient's
room, "cun yoi* give me no hope of
my husband'! Can nothing be dono t"
'Madam,' said the delighted doctor,
rubbing his hands, "allow me to congratulate you. Our patient has taken
a turn for the better and now we
may hope to have hini about again
In a few weeks." "Oh, doctor I" exclaimed the horrified lady, throwing
up her bunds, "you told me ho could
not possibly get better and I havt
sold all of his clothes!"
a yoar ago. In tho second week of
February, 1R04, tlio totnl wns $16,-
100,0(10, nnd In 1898 It wns $18,000,*
00O. Ouo of the largest weekly to*
tnls of business failures over reported for tho Dominion Is thut for Inst
woek, 70, ns compared with 60 the
previous wnok. ,-19 111 the second week
of February. 1811". -17 In 1804, 44 In
189,1 and with 43 In 1892.
NO MERCY FOR WOMAN.
A man may lie and still we think
tliere Is hope of recovering hlin for
truth; a mun may be n drunkard,
and yet mny bo restored to sobriety;
he mny steal and murder, nnd still
there Is hope; ho may live a flagrantly licentious life, and hardly carry tbe
spots of shame upon his person. But
if a woman fall once Into the sin ol
unchastlty, we call her abandoned. We
shut her out from our homes, from
honorable associations nnd employ-
ment, from social privileges; wo shut
her out from light and put her Into
outer darkness.���Rev. Lyman Abbott,
Brooklyn.
In 1702 a salt tax was lovlod ln
Great Britain, nnd during tho French
war waa raised to ��,10 por ton, ovor
sixteen times the value ol the artiole
" How much Is un inch ol rain,
papa?' "Not vory much, my son, if
you havo an nmbrella, but it seems
nbout two gallons If you aro caught
out without one.''
This 1,louse Is carried out la blue
and brown shot iiierreilleuz, curious
shades ol turquoise-blue and chestnut*
brown, whicn nevertheless harmonise
to perfection. On tbe outer side ol
each sleeve there is a diamond-shaped
applique of dark brown velvet, edged
with a narrow Insertion of cream
guipure. Thc shot mei'velllcux Is cut
with zouave fronts opening over a
kind of pouch of brown velvet, while
the arrangement at the throat is distinctly novel, with Its upright pleated
Medici collar of brown velvet at tbe
hack nnd Its soft folds nf shot silk in
Iront.
CRANDERItY PUFFS.
Light cranberry puffs mu made
thus: Rub through a sieve one pint
of flour, livo u.-iispoonluls of baking
powder und hall u teaspooalnl of
salt. Add two eggs well beaten and
milk enough to lunke a batter aa
thick as for pancakes and stir in one
pint ol cranberries. Butter custard
cups and partly fill thorn with the
mixture. Place tbem lu a steamer
and steam one hour without lifting
thn cover. They should be very
light and like .puffs. Serve with
tbe following sauce: Cream together
one cup of powderd sugar, half a cup
of butt*t*r, oue egg and one teaspoon*
ful of vanilla extract, Have one
cup ol milk boiling, nud when ready
to aerve stir It Into the creamed mixture.
HER   SILK   PETTICOATS.
She wun going u.lu one ol thu big
newspn|K..r oilices and was bent on
ma king au Impression.
Sho woro a sllk-lincd gown and sho
minced along Just ns airily and fluf-
lily as she could, so tbat the bend man
of tho place might bo Impressed with
the frou-frou ul her silk-lined garments.
When she entered the sanctum bo
was very busy and she coughed n
low, timid ilttlo cough I It hud no
cltect and so she pranced toward the
desk.
" Excuse mo, but " slio murmured.    No reply.
" Pardon me, I   nm "	
" Eh, cb," growled the old gentleman, as ho grasped a huge ear trumpet, " a little louder, please, I'm as
denf as an adder."
And the .voting woman hasn't sine*
tried to make an Impression by rustling her silk petticoats.
SHE'S EVER HIS GOOD ANGEL.
When good reports start out
about a young man trnco tbem up
nnd you will Ibid that his mother
hns been pinking n lew neighborly
cnllB.���Atchison Globe.
A large meeting was held in Philadelphia mi Saturday, which declared
itself ia favor of International arbitration. G. A. McBain & Co.,   Real Estate   Brokers, Nanaimo, B.C.
XJLTS LOCALS.
looo tons of coal were mined in No. 4
slope onc day last week.
Call at McPhee & Moore's and pro-
cure your garden seeds early.
Special prayer meeting will be held
this week on Wednesday and Friday
evenings in the Presbyterian church.
Linen Collars all styles and prices at 3
lor 25c. Simon leisek.        |
At the examination for entrance to the '
high school at Courtenay l.i*l week, tl-ere :
were 18 pupils���a pretty ijood showing. \
A Urge and varied stock of men's and
boys' spring and summer feu halt just
opened up at Landman's llarg.iin Store.
Perforated pie plates ut Tarbell'* is Ihe
latest novelty, it prevents soguy, wet
undercrust.
Partridge & Walter's are receiving this
week a fine assortment of Toilet and
Lanndrv Soaps direct from the factory.
Any one desiring a good servicable
sswing machine in capital order ran be
accommodated at K. II. Anderson's It
will go cheap, too.
M rs. Jarley is on her way over from
Eur ipe and will exhibit her wax works
ind curios in Union sometime during
the latter part of April.
Remember to call at Simon Leiser's
cash store if you want value for your
money. Ynu cannot get the same bargains elsewhere.
Miss Nash left Friday morning to visit
the sprinr millinery opening at Nanuimo
and Vancouver. She is espected back
br aext steamer.
Call at Partridge & Walter's (next door
lo Post Office) and try a packet of their
Salada Tea. The best 40c tea on the
market.
The British expeditionary farce sent up
the Nile to settle difficulties is supposed
to be reallv in aid ol Italy in her tussle
with the Slinsns.
The gross earnings of the C.P.R. during 189s *v��re $i8,94i 1i.l6.87. The expenditures were $11,460,085.88, and the
net earnings weie $7,480,9,0.
Inspector Wilsen, of the Department
of Education, came up lasl week to conduct thc examination for the high school
and during his stay is visiting the various
schools ia the district.
Miss Lephia Bryant took passage on
steamer J otn Friday morning for Aberdeen, Washington, in response to 1
message announcing the serious illness
of her sister who resides at that place.
A meeting of the graduates of McGill
University, residing in British Columbia
will be held tomorrow (Wednesday) at
Metrepolitan Club, Vancouver, for the
purpose of organising a McGill Graduates' Society.
M. J. Henry, florist and nurseryman of
Mt. Pleasant, is doing a good business
up this way. His latest orders have
been from J no. Hawkins, Denman Island
and Mrs. Rena Whitney, Union.
James Abrams, local ageat of the
Dominion Building and Loan Association
Toronto, has received a dispatch announcing the acceptance of four loans for
this place for which application had been
recently made. This is an indication uf
faith in the town and building activity.
Frank Owens' was brought up Wednesday by Officer McCanney, charged with
selling liquor lo an Indian, He was
taken the same day belore His Worship,
Magistrate Abrams and sentenced to
seven months imprisonment. He was a
passenger down Friday morning and will
do some needed street work. Officer
McCartney has been looking for him for
some time and located him on Denman
Island.
IHE PURITAN SCHOOL.
* BELIEF THAT SPARING THE ROD
SPOILED THECHILD.
If Ther Had Only Known.
They are trying a man in Norfolk
���ounty, Massachusetts, on the charge of
being aa habitual criminal. He has already been sentenced to several terms of
four years in the State prison. If he
���hould get the twenty-fire-years sentence
of the habitual criminal, his years ot
imprisonment will aggregate about six*
ty. It would have been easier and less
expensive to have sentenced that am
Im Ufe la the first place.
Man; tneenlone Method*! Devleed to Tor*
lure the Dleobeiltent Scholar���The Rod
ami the VeruU In Frequent Demand-*
Favorite studies.
Great attention sras paid to ponii.-a��
, ship. Spelling wus nought if the
"wrighting" were only fair and flowin-**.
1 I have uever read of any criticism nl
j teachers by either parents or town officers save in the one question of writing
How deeply children were versed 01
grounded in tho knowledge of thn pro
per use of 'Siiume colings not ofinterio*
-cation* pcorids and coimnor-s" I do not
know. A boundless freedom apparently
was given, as was also in orthography���
if wo judge from the hitters of the times
The school houses were 1 iniple dwell*
ings, often tumbling down and out of
repuir. The Roxbury toucher wrote in
1081:
"Of inconveniences [in the school-
house] I shall mention no other but the
confused and shuttered and nitstie posture tliut it is in, not fitting for to reside
in. the glass broke, and thereupon very
raw and cold;the lloor very much broken and torn up to kindle tires, tho
hearth spoiled, tho scuts some burned
and out of kilter, thnt ouehad well-high
as good keep school in a bog stio as ia
it.'r
This schoolhonse had beon bnilt and
furnished with some care in 1653.
' -The f eolf es agreed with Daniel Welde
that he provide convenient benches with
forms, with tables for the scholars, and
a convenient!; seats fnr the schoolmaster
a Desks to put the Dictionary on and
shelves to lay up bookes.
Tho schoolmaster "promised and engaged to nse his best endeavour both br
precept and example to instruct in all
&cbolasticnllmorallftndTheologicalldui
cipline the children so far as they bo cap
able all A. B. C Darians accepted." He
was paid in corn, barley or peas, the
value of 25 pounds per annum, and each
child through his parents or guardians
furnished half n cord of wood for the
tchoolhouse fire. If this lond of wood
were not promptly fumisbed tlte child
suffered, for the master did not allow
him "the benefit uf the fire"; that is, to
go near enough to feel the warmth.
The children of wise parents like Cotton Mather, wore also taught "opiik ib<
aud beneficial sciences"such as tho mystery of medicine���a mystery indeed Ci
colonial times.
Puritan schoolmasters believed, as did
Puritan parents, that sparing the rod
spoiled the child, and great latitude was
given in punishment; the rod and ferule
were fiercely and frequently plied, ns in
English schools of the snme ante. When
?-oung men were publicly whipped in col
cges, children were sure to be well
trained in smaller schools. Master Lovel,
thnt tigerish Boston master, whipped the
culprit with birch rods, and forced ni .��
other scholar to bold the sufferer on his
back, Others whipped on the soles of the
feet, and one teacher roared out, "Oh,
the Caitiffs, it is good for them." Nut
only were children whipped, but many
ingenious instruments of torture wero
invented. One teacher made his scholars
sit ou 11 "bark seat turned upside down
with his thumb on the knot of a floor."
Another master of the inquisition invented a unipod���a stool with ono leg
���somotimes placed in the middle of tho
sent, sometimes ou tlte edge, on which
the unfortunate scholar tiresomely balanced. Others sent out tho suffering
pupil to cut. 11 branch of a tree, nnd making a split in tlio largo end of the brunch,
sprung it on the culprit's noso, und he
stood painfully pinched, an object of
ridicule with his spreading branch of
loaves. Oue ornel muster invented also
an instrument of torture which lie call
ed a -flapper." It wns a heavy piece of
leather six inches in diameter with a
hole in the middle, and was fastened nt
the edge to a pliable handle. The pain
inflicted by thiB brutal instrument can
well be imagined. At mini her school,
whipping of unlucky wights was done
"upon a peaked block with a tattling,"
and this expression of colonial severity
seems to take on 1111 additional force and
cruelty in our minds that we do not ut
all kuow what a tattling stick wns, nor
understand what was mount by a pe.uk
ad block.--Alice Morse Karlo in Inde
pendent
AROUND TOWN
Lut week brought us delightful spring
weather, and the birds tilled the air witb
sweet music The lirst of this week, how*
ever, lute brought a decided ohaaue, and a
impious supply of ram has fallen.
A number of ottizens have been olesning
uo their premises. That is right. Every
ouo ought to do it, in faot must do it.
About these sink holes, cesspools, ash heaps
and like places the germs of disease ara
lurking. Dirty trendies are the hatcheries
of many dreaded distunes. We have had
a taste of diphtheria. It is one of those
diseases whioh is the product of nncleanaess
But it is only one of mauy that is ready
to spring upon us trom the reoesees of filth
and dirt, if we are to have a healthy town
and peraervs ths lives of our fsmilies, wo
must havo a olean town. So let overy one
get to work, and clean up, hack sad front;
���not by dumping your dirt on tbe nearest
vacant lot, but by getting it ont ol town���
out of reach., whore its decaying matter will
not menace the community. It does not
ooet muoh. Iu faot the thorough draining
of the town would be inuxpeoaivo. Take
for example the str, am tbut passes down
through the town luck nl the churches,
mil many residenoes, Tnat stream is son.
tinnslly reosiving lilth anil oontlnnslly giving it oil; am) tlm neighbors nro breathing
in it.*, impurities, ii t-liat stream was
drained anil oriblled, it would oarry off the
impurities, and beoouis a sourse of health,
The health of the toirn la lurnnly io the
hands of the pimple, who should holt, ami
euootirage the health olBcie*. ia overy way
iu thu diuchsige of his duties.
It is a pity that the line hall in whisb so
many publio gatherings are held is not bet.
ter seated. It ia time that these antiquated
uncomfortable, miserable apolngea for seats
were used for kindlingwood and something
better put in their places. Come now, get
a move on, or you'll be left���verbum sap.
The Delesrte drill whioh wss given at the
concert on Saturday evening wae a delightful feature of the programme. Tho young
ladies are tn be congratulated on the pre*
dentation made, on their easy, gracelul,
and lady like movements. Some people
want their children to go to the dance rooms
to learn graceful motions. The Delsarte
drill will accomplish muoh more in that di*
rection than the dsnoe room aud baa none
of the objectionable features.
���Rambusk.
Ratranrdhiary Beents -��t a Atone.
On* of the strangest things to be ten
al Santa Cruz these days is a queei
���pouting rock, or rather a tunnel and
rocky aperture, through which the sea
water boils and bubbles furiously. The
queer spouting rock developed (luring a
recent great storm. Every two or three
minutes alternately a volume of water
sixty feet high shoots into the air. To
view it wholly from the surface it appears
to be a gigantic geyser. The water, which
is thrown np in such a great volume, is
salt brine from the Pacific ocean. For a
thousand years possibly,and muy be many
more, for nobody knows, the waves
of the ocean have been playing such an
earnest game of hide-and-go-seek witb
themselves and tlio rocky shore that
tbey have worn great chasms'and tunnels into the land. An examination ot
the ground thereaboutB by a Snu Fran
Cisco Examiner man revealed novel
things. It was found that a long, narrow groove or cut led into the shore. It
was widest at the Bea en 1, liko a wedge,
tnd grew narrower as it reached iuto the
Uud.   It extended about eighty feet.
Into this the waves thrashed and hm*.
mered as they rolled in froui toward tin
mountains across the bay which bordsr
the Salinas river. As the waves crashed
against the end of the tunnel thoy kept
Wearing away the soft sandstone which
composed it and a portion of tho roof
above. At length the waves extended
far beyond the weak portion of the roof,
and tliere was a rebound which was very
powerful. Gradually it ate away the
roof. Suddenly during the storm it
burst through, making an aperture
about two feot square and looking much
like a hopper to a grain mill. It appears
to have at a point where a peculiar strain
was put on a portion of tho caprock,
whicli cracked and fell. When this oc-
cured the water was partially freed from
the queer underground prison, and as
the waves played back and forth it teat
the column skyward.
Fnlotlun l,y Wholesale
The painting and decorating of ths
vast exhibition hull* at Chicago is an
enormous undertaking. Frank Millet
Is the artist in charge. A recent estimate of the area to be covered with
paint developed the fact that it would
be impossible to set enough men at work
with brushes to complete the task in
timo for the opening of the Fair. Mr
Millet thereupon contrived a mat-hint
fordoiug the work. It consists uf t
piece of gus-plpo flattened at oue end to
makea "spray." From this a mbbei
hose connects with an air pump driven
by an electric motor, nnd beyond this is
a barrel of paint. The pump sucks
paint from tho barrel and tho sir jet
sprays the paint with force upon tho
surface to be coated. Four Workmen
"-iih this mechanism enn iiccomplish
more in a dny than a small army of
painters could ia a week.���Scientist
1 American.
Duel Bpolled Dy a ltltf Hug.
'. wo professional men of Milan, Italy,
wl u had repaired to a frontier village to
fight a duel, were prevented from doing
su by an enormous St. Bernard dog
which appeared on tho scene just as the
wonld-lie duelists wore taking their
places. Several attempts to begin opor*
stions were muilo, but the dog< interior*
sd each lime. Finally tbo riiliciilous-
ucus of the situation dawned upon the
principals, and thoy shook bauds nnd
returned to Milan togc'.hur. Kew Vork
World.	
A stiii-.it. ISxporliuunt,
A neat little experiment in electricity
is to soak half a sheet of stout foolscap
paper in water, drying it rapidly before
a nre, spreading it while warm on a
Tarnished table or dry woolen cloth and
theu rubbing the surface sharply with a
piece of india-rubber. The paper becomes so electrified that it will stick to
a smooth wall or looking-glass, or attract
bits of tissue-paper liko a magnet, and on
being laid upon a japanned tea-tray
wliich is stood npon three thoroughly
dry goblets will cause the trny to give
out sparks at, a touch of the finger.
*^��.&-3Q"C733KAI*E
��#��i#��:b all
AT THE '
K.OI P. HALL, COMOX BAY
Thursday, April  the 9th 1896
For the benefit of
The English Church at Comox Bay
BARKER �� POTTS,
BARRISTERS,
SOLICITORS, NOTARIES, *C.
Ollice Itoom II, Mcl'heo fc Mooro tl'id'g and at
NANAIMO. B. C.
P. O. DKAWUt   IS.
LOOK   FOR .
*   BOYD'fi TEAM
Good Oil fer Light CHEAP
IRESH FISH Ev*---y^r Day
NOTIOB
All persons interested in organising an
Orange Lodge in Union are requested
to meet at the Masons' Hall, Wednesday
April ist, at 8 p.m.
By Order,
NOTICE
On and after April ist, 1896, the
barber shops will close on Saturday night
at 12 o'clock and remain closed nntil
Monday morning at 7:30
Stn C. Hoover.
O. H. Fechner.
Has to Loan at once- *��
���$100,000
Repayment $13.30 per $1,000
per month
No First Class Loan rejected.    No ca'sh
required down.
Cash promptly disbursed un registration
 of papers	
No Mechanics Liens
All desirous of borrowing should
apply lo
R. L. Leigh Spencer
Island Agent
Cumberland Hotel
���jSy-HEADOmcE
Commercial Street
r.O. KOX 370. NANAIMO
Dave Anthony's
Cigar   and   Fruit   Store
2nd and Dunsmuir Av*.
UNION, B. C.
NUTS, CANB1KS, NOTIONS,
MIXERS SUl'I'UKS.
H O T E I ��. .
- - Vendome
The largest Hotel in the City
with the best accommodation
for Travellers . . .
The bar is stocked with the
best of . .
Wines, Liquors and Cigars
Barber Sf Williams,
PROPETBTOES
LAUNCH FOB
>-< SALE >-<
Steam Launch Ior sale, built of Oak.
very strong, tltted with compound surface condensing engine.
Tows well.   Apply to
Nanaimo Foundry
Nanaimo*
Wm. O'Dell
Architect and   Builder
(5
Plane snd Specifications prepared.
and lulidings erected on tlte
Shortest Notice.
Houses built and for sale on easy
terms of payment.
MBS KENDALL'S  GSAND
Millinery opening Tuesday, March Slit.
Nsw store opposite Waverly House. Her-
in| received her spring stock of all the la*
test styles ia shapes, dowers, feathers, rib.
bins Sec., she will tind no trouble in showing
goods.   Don't forget the day.
^����teag^^��^$^��^^��_|)g^*_*��9Np��^
Our Spring stock has commenced to arrive.���we have received so far about 40 cases and packages of
Blouses, boots and shoes
flannelettes, piints, hats, gala-
tea, zephers, caps, gingham,
cotton challies, shirting towelling, cottons, handkerchiefs,
shawls, canton flannel,art mus
lin, fishing rods, cambric hose
and flies, men's ties, art silks
flower seeds.
These goods are cheaper and nicer than ever before.
Call and see them while they sre fresh.
���**i^
SllVIOf.   LEJSEP

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