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BC Historical Newspapers

The Weekly News Nov 20, 1894

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 Q. A. McBain & Co.
tl Estate Brokers
Nanaimo,  B. C.
r#*   m    $
G. A. McBain & Co.
Real Estate Brokers
��^�� Nanaimo, B. C.
NO. 106.
$2.00 PER YEAR
McKim's Store.
Dent's Furnishing
Orders Taken for Custom Made Suits.
JVIaf cus Wolfe
P. 0. DRAWER, 17
Scottiah Union and National Insurance Oo.
of Edinburgh, Sootland,
Phronix Fire Assurance Oo. o( London, Eng.
Sun Life Aasuranco Company of Canada.
London Guarantee and Aooident Company,
Canada Permanent Loan and Saving! Co.,
Glob* Savings and Loan Company, Toronto.
Farm Leans a Specialty
aBEAT - **tor*t:*-xhk**t - ���E*-AOij*wr^.-z-.
, G. Morgan,
None but the best
quality and most
fashionable goods
kept In stook.
FasMonable Tailor
William's Block,
"0-NTO1T, B. O.
Union Meat
hoicest ���
meats always on hand.
Vegetables   etc.
Vessels   supplied on the shortest notice.
Simon  Leiser,   Prop.
Upiop Store
Second consignment of Dress Goods, etc., direct from
London, England, including Cashmeres, Fancy Tweeds,
Meltons, French Amazons, Fancy Dresses, Etc.
A magnificient line of Ladies Jackets,  Capes, Cloaks
and Mackintoshes, very latest styles only.
i6oDoz. Ladies' ancl Childrens' English Hose.    50 Cases
Rubber Footwear of all descriptions.    35 Cases Fine Shoes
by the best makers,
GENTLEMEN I   Before   ordering  a suit   from   your
Tailor call and inspect our stock of   Ready-made Clothing.
ctjstoim: :m:.a_:d:e stjt n.
/wThat SIMON LEISEB'S Union Stars ia the Store Id the
' Diitrict carrying a large and complete atock of
Dry Oooda, Oroceriea & Provisions,
Clothing, Hardware o*s Tinware,
Boots & Shoea, Paints & Oila,
Furnishings, Crockery & Glassware,
Builders Hardware, Nails ft Tin, Etc.
We  are complete  House   Furnishers, BEDROOM SUITS,
A Car Load of Fancy Heating and Cook Stoves on the way
McPhee & Moore.
���A.HTJD���^   ���
Union Mines
Furniture    Store.
A  Full   Line of Everything.
Including Granite and
Grant & McGregor Props
Ice Cream Parlors.
Soda Water, Candies, Stationery ��fnd Books,
Imported and Domestic Cigars.   Briar and Meerschaum Goods.
Ths Above Stores Adjoin, Where Everything ofthe beat in their Beapective
lines will be found.
A.AV. Mclntyre, Prop.
p. Buppe
 -IS -fcTO-W"  laOC-A-TED ���
UNION,   B. C.
In the Dunne   Biook Where   He  hsa   on   Display One of the Finest
Stocks of Woolens Ever Shown in Britiah Columbia.
Esquimalt & Nanaimo R'y.
Time  Table   No.  21,
To take effect at 8.00 a. m. on Thursday Nov. lat, 1804.   Trainarun
on Pacific Standard Time.
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On Saturdays and Sundays
Return Tickets will bo tasuod between alt
polv.ts for a faro and a quarter, (**ood for re..
turn not later than Monday.
Return Tickets for one and a half ordinary
faro may bu purchased dally to all point*,
good for seven d��y��, including day of Issue,
Ko Roturn Ticket** issued for a fare and a
quarter whoro tho single fare is twenty-five
Through ratos between Victoria and Comox,
Mileage and Commutation Tickets can ho ob<
tainodon application to Ticket Agont, Victoria
Duncan's and Wellington Stations,
President. Gen'l Supt.
Oen. FreiRht and Paaseaaer Ant.
Look Out!
Brand Ball
The C. 0.0. F. will give their
firs Annual Ball in their New
Hall over McPhee & Moore's
New Store in Courtenay Nov.
30th. Tickets per couple including supper at the Riverside
Hotel $2.50 which may be had
at the News Office also at the
Riverside Hotel Courtenay and
the Lome Hotel at the Say.
E. Merman
' ' arillsk raw SotIm.
��� Awarding- to lh. sanul nport si ths
British UNtoffln* 1,788,870,000   Itttna
snd pukagM vm. I     	
IUc.1 ]*Mr Jm
���anakd during Uw
Will be in Union every
month with a large stock of
Jewelry, Watches, Diamonds,
and Silverware.
Watch repairing a specialty,
The partnership heretofore existing between Ed. Wood and the undersigned,
D. Kilpatrick, in the livery and teaming
business at Union has been desolved.
The business will be continued by Mr.
I). Kilpatrick in his own name, who will
settle all just claims against said firm and
to whom all bills due said firm must bo
D. Kilpatrick.
Union, B. C. Nov. ao, 1S94.
A Miner While at Work Is Shivered by an Explosion Ina crosscut and Dies fn Great Agony.
Coroners Inquest Follows-wm.
Langton Rewards the Nanaimo
Fire Dep't for Prompt Action.
Louis Victor found Guilty ot
Murder-Prominent Chinese Generals Stripped ot Their Decorations for Failure-Port Arthur
to be Vigorously Defended-An
Aluminum Cannon Invented In
Nanaimo, Nov. Iti.���Wm. Quail, a miner
in the employ of the New Vancouver Coal
Company met with a Uul accident in No. 1
livel of tbe Esplanade Shaft thia morning.
John Wilson and Cbarlei Webster were
working on a crosscut which wai being put
through for an air-way. The shot fired by
tbem blew through to the coiling where
Quail and hla partner, 0. Hansen, were
working. Quail received the full force of the
bluet about tbe bead and ehouldcra with bis
skull fractured, hia neck aud both aru a
broken, and other severe injuries. Death
was not immediate, and despite his ghastly
wound* Quail lived until hia companions
started to oarry him to the pit head, where
death gave him welcome relief from bis
agony. Quail had boen several years iu the
employ of the company. Ha waa a youug
man and it ia supposed haa relatives in
Eastern Canada. Toe coroner's inquest now
in preaiees promises to develop some interesting particulars. The shot lighter will be
asked to explain why the men were not
Nanaimo, Nov. 16.���The Roof of the
Home buildiug, on Viotoria Crescent, took
fire in two places at noon to day. The Fire
Dep't arrived with wonderful promptness
and checked the dames, Wm. Laugtuu of
the Magnet store presented the boys with
a check for 925 aud Mr. Brooks $6 as a to*
k n of appreciation of their promptness
which prevented severe loss.
London, Nov. 16.��� The Morning, Post
has this despatch from Shanghai; The'Vice-
Roy of the Provinoe of Sechuen has been
arrested, charged with tnurder-ng a Tartar
general in command of the Provincial troops.
His object waa to hide his peculations.
Generals Yeh aud Nich have boen stripped
of their titles, rank and dec-rations in o'on-
sequence of their discreditable failure in
the battle of Ping Yang.
A Despatch reot-ived here saya 16000 Chinese are defending Port Arthur.
Chinese reports from Port Arthur say
that the Japs have not yet captured Tatien
Wan. From tho same sources it Is stated
that tho Japauose aie far from Port Arthur
wbose defenses have been greatly strength*
enedaud it ia likely tbat the place will
offer determiued resistance.
Shanuhai, Nov. 16. ��� The Chinese fleet
put to sea on Monday. The Japanese war
ship Yoshino sightet it off Weihaiwei on
QURRF.C, Nov. 17.��� Ailard a blacksmith of Louis, who lately discovered the
secret of hardening copper, has invented an aluminum cannon and is now
making one three feet long to weigh six
and a half pounds to be tested by the
Royal Canadian Artillery.
New Westminster, Nov. 17.��� The
Victor murder case closed to-day. The
judge charged strongly against the prisoner. The jury were out two hours and
brought in a verdict of guilty. The prisoner was sentenced to be hanged.
There was a very fair attendance at
the meeting on Saturday evening at thc
school house to hear the report of the
committee to select a cemetery site and
Ascertain the cost of clearing the same.
Mr. A. Lindsay occupied the chair and
Mr. C. 1*. Collis kindly acted as secretary.
The committee���Messrs. Thompson,
Campbell ahd Whitney���reported in favor of a site about a quarter of a mile beyond the Chinese burying ground to the
left of the road leading to Courtenay and
where the Lake trail leaves the main
road, ufew rods back upon gently sloping
y round sparsely covered with small trees
The ground is gravelly, free from hard
pan and well drained, so much so that
an excavation made for some hours disclosed not a drop of water. The report
was adoptcd,and Messrs. Lindsay and
Whitney appointed a committee to solicit funds lor the purpose of putting the
site in condition for use as a cemetery.
After the completion of their labors they
ar'* authorized to call a meeting to enable those who have contributed to select
a committee to expend ��he money collected, in clearing and fencing the grounds
(so far as the amount of money available
will enable them to do) and lake such
further action as mny be desirable. The
meeting also resolved that all those contributing should be entitled to a ceitifi-
cate (to be hereafter issued) which
should be available for the amount subscribed towards the purchase of a grave
or lot in thc new cemetery, at any future
The site chosen is an ideal one for
a cemetery, within easy distance of Union; and the necessity for taking action
in the premises must be apparent. It is
hoped- that thc committee which is giving its time to this work will meet with
a generous response, and that everyone
will be willing to assist to some extent.
All contributions will be acknowledged
in Thc Weekly News
Richard III arrived on Sunday, and
will leave on Wednesday with about 1700
tons coal for San Francisco.
The Daisy with scow was in Sunday
for coal for the str, Kingston,
The Mineola will be due on Thursday.
Tbe San Mateo is also due.
The Mock Parliament will convene at
the Reading Room, Union, at 8 o.clock
next Saturday evening, at which hour the
Lieut-Governor, Dr. R. Lawrence,accom-
panied by an hnnorry guard, specially
detailed for the purpose, will enter the
Hall. The proceedings will be free to
the public but persons will have to come
early to secure seats; ladies of course will
have the preference. The managers regret the limited accommodations, but it
was found im practicable to erect galleries owing to the large orders for lumber
already in at the mill.
Mr. M. Whitney bas been called upon
by the Lieut-Governor to form a cabinet
which he has succeeded in doing. It will
stand as follows:
Hon. M. Whitney, Premier and Attorney General.
Hon. R. Watkins, Provincial Secretary and Minister of Education.
Hon. F. li. Smith, Chief Commissioner
of Lands and Works.
Hon. B. C. Randal!, Minister of Finance and Agriculture.
Hon. Robert Grant, President of Coun
cil and Minister of Mlnes-
The interesting ceremony of electing a
Speaker will be the first business of the
Assembly for until that is done the Lieut-
Governor cannot, according to time honored precedent deliver his speech from
the Throne. Up to this point the clerk,
Mr. Elmer E, Archard. Esq. will preside
It   is   generally understood  that Hon.
iames Abrams will be acceptable to
oth the Government nnd Opposition,
and he will doubtless be chosen by the
membeis. After that his Honor, the
Lieut-Governor will deliver his
speech stating the business for which
parliament has met. It is not in order
the first day to open with prayer, but
either the Presbyterian or Methodist
minister will be invited to offer prayer
immediately after the Lieut-Governor retires
An address in reply to thc speech of
the throne will be moved. The honor of
moving this address has been assigned
to Mr. Harry Campbell, member of Nanaimo District and seconding, Mr. David
Uaird,   the  member  from Union.
Then the Leader of the Opposition
Hon. Chas Evans will doubtless reply,
and the debate be continued by others
and closed by the Premier.
There is to be a ball on the evening of
the 30th inst. here, which will be given
by the C. O. O. F. at their new hall over
McPhee's new store. It is the first given
here by that enterprising fraternal society, andcareful preparations indicate the
big success it will achieve in   this   case.
The K. of P. b.\ll at the Bay was a
very pleasant affair although not as well
attended as its merits deserved. Those
present enjoyed themselves to the utmost
The refreshments were furnished by
Messrs Kenward and Prockter, bakers
and confectioners of this place and elicited much favorable comment.
There was a special communication to
Hiram Lodge to meet D. D. G. M, and
exemplify work on Saturday evening.
Afterwards there was a banquet in honor
ofthe guest, Mr. J. Cnlburn, D. D. G. M.
at the Courtenay House to which about
30 sat down. The usual toasts were indulged in, followed bv speeches, interspersed with songs. The banquet was
first class and the whole affair ranks as
one ofthe most enjoyable in the history
of the lodge
The united school entertainment of
Courtenay and Puntiedge schools will
take place at Exhibition Hall on thc
evening of Nov. 23. It will be full of
novelties, including a broom drill by the
Queens Own, club swinging, pantomine,
charades, dialogues, in fact be crowded
with good things, among which music
will have its due part. The admission
for gentlemen is 50 cents; ladies 25 cents
and children free. This is an event to
which everybody should go, not only for
thc diverson it will afford but also for the
cause, as the avails will be devoted to
the purchase of apparatus for lhe schools
Gladden the hcaits of teacheis and pupils by your attendance.
The first lecture of the course was delivered at the Hay last Wednesday evening by Rev. Mr. Tait on Love, Courtship and Marriage, There were
about 30 in attendance. The same lecture was given here on Thursday evening, and the attendance was about 60.
Mr. Tait proved that he could be burner-
ous as well as earnest and serious, and
while giving some bints and suggestions
and pointing out things to be avoided as
well as things to be observed, succeeded
in entertaining as well as Instructing.
The next lecture will be by the Rev.
Thos. H. Rogcis. We believe his lecture relates to some Historical Events
in thc Summer of 1891) in American
History. It will be at thc Hay on Wednesday evening inst before the full of the
tnonn and at Courtenay thc following
TENDERS will be received for the purchase of the. Ilcihcrington farm, being
Lot 107 on the official map of Comox,
containing about 200 acres more or less.
Onc hundred and ten acres are under
cultivation and well fenced, with buildings and orchard. Coal rights included
Also about 200 acres of bush land adjoining. Parlies tendering will specify
whether for the whole 400 acres or for
the cleared land only.
Tenders to be mailed to John Mundell,
Sandwick, P. O. til! the 31st of December next.
By order of thc Executors,
TENDERS wilt be received by the undersigned on or before the Firat day of
Deoember, 1894, for the purchase of the
Stock of Jas. Abrams, Union, B. 0, consisting of:���Oenta' Farnlahings, Boota and
Shoes, Etc. For list of Seoek and farther
particulars apply to tbe andersigned si
Union, B, 0.
Assignee of James Abrams.
Nanaimo, EC,
Solicitors fot Assigase.
NoT-amber Srd, 18M.
The beautiful snow came���and went.
Leiser has received a carload of stoves.
Thursday, the 22nd tnst. is Thanks
giving Day.
Look out for McPhee & Moore's
Christmas ad.
You can get your turkey for Thanksgiving .at Lciser's.
Mrs. Dawson became on Monday, tlie
12th inst the mother of a little girl.
Young men, take your best girt with
you tothe Mock Parliament next Saturday evening.
Tenders for Abrams' stock will be received up to Dec. 1, 1894, time having
been extended.
The finest line of candies and confectionery ever seen in Union may be found
at A. W. Mclntyre's.
Wanted. ��� A loan on farm property
of $350 Security ample. For particulars enquire at News Office.
The admission to the opening of the
Mock Parliament next Saturday evening
at the Reading Room will be free.
Lieut*Governor Lawrence will eat his
turkey on the 22nd; American Consul
Clinton will masticate his turkey on the
The ladies are expected to grace the
occision of the opening of ihe Mock
Parliament by their presence in large
Mr. Sauser, manager for John Wenger,
Swiss watchmaker and jeweler is in his
ncw shop where he would be glad to see
his friends.
We shall soon bave two mere large
boarding bouses here, and when they
open in full blast the price of board may
take a tumble.
'The Opposition is especially strong and
is fortunate in obtaining the sen ices of
Hon Chas. Evans as Leader who is spok
en of as a brilliant debater.
One good thing about the Countess ot"
Aberdeen is that she is a women of the
people, giving most of her thought anil
sympathy where it is most needed.
Wm, Tree got his finger jambed between the timbers at No. 5 shaft necessitating amputation, which operation was
neatly performed by Dr. Lawrence.
A new store is about to open here in
Cumberland. We are frequently asked
if so many can make a living here at
present. Blessed if we know. Who can
The Langley Indians observed good
taste in addressing the Governor* Gener
al without reciting all his titles. We wish
we could say as much for the "white people."
We notice an improvement in front of
A. C. Fulton's the butcher, and Mcln*
t) re's the confectioner. A Jew loatl&jif
earth and gravel have much improved
thc approaches.
Tickets for the C. O. O. F. ball at
Courtenay arc for sale at The News office and also at IJ. Kilpatrick's, They are
$2.50 and admit a lady and gentleman
and include supper.   See their add.
Mr. Gleason's new store is already in
process of being built. It's a fine location
The connmdrum is���Who will occupy it,
and what with? Doubtless Gleason has
a tenant wbo wil! put in an appearance
in due season.
Thc Invitation Hall is not to come off
on the 29th. It is good enough to keep
and good enough not to interfere with the
Turkey Supper announced for that evening. It wiil positively take place on the
evening of Dec. 7th.   Note the time-
We are glad to notice that Mr. James
McKim and Mr. James Cathew have
been planting ornamental trees to beautify the grounds aroond their residences
on Fern wood Heights. They have set
a good example which we hope will be
No doubt the turkeys which will grace
the table at Grace Methodist Church on
the evening of the 29th inst will be lame
turkeys, but they are wild enough now
and will have the true taste of the wild
turkey sufficient to satisfy the greatest
epicure. As the 22nd is the Canadian
Thanksgiving we suppose it will be the
American bird which will make the table
groan. Let us all go. Everybody is invited.
One night during the forepart of last
week a bold burglary was committed at
thc Chinese camp near the big swamp.
The division which isn't uudcr the command of Li Hu Chang but of General
Garvin, is engaged in digging a big ditch
lengthwise ofthe cranberry patch. Thc
burglar was a white man or more prob-
.ibly a Jap. He forcibly entered rtne of
the cabins, attacked the Chinese guard
and retired with what booty he could find,
which luckily only umounted to $4.50.
The entertainment by Courtenay and
Puntiedge schools to obtain funds to
purchase school apparatus will take place
at ihe Exhibition Hall, Courtenay, on
Friday evening Nov. 33. Arrangements
for heating thc hall have been made so
as to ensure tbe comfort of those attending.   The following Is thc
Song���Maple Leaf School.
Address,��� Chairman.
Recitation--A Grammar Lesson	
Tom Parkin.
Song Vina McKenzie.
Club Swinging.
Character Song,��� Mrs. Smilh.
Pantomine���woman's Rights.
Song Mrs. Williams
Dialogue���A Cruel Hoax
���INTERVAL��� Music
Recitation - Judson McPhee
Song���... .Olive and Kobina Dingwall.
Dialogue���Texas Courtship
Piano Solo��� Adalaide Willemar
God Save the Queen.
The meeting at tbe Reading Room
resolved that all back dues should be -.
wiped out and a fresA start made and
that Si should cover all duet up to
March 1, 1895 for all persons joining before January 1,189s Hand it your
name and dollar to R. Waftti�� Stcfy aad
help this enterprise \
Treatment for *i Mantel.
The plain, ohl-iashioLed woodeu mwitsls
one usually lees in the old country houses
��re ofl*n a great eyesore to those wlio own
thu hottf i and would like it to lie artistic
ami homelike. The common lambrequin
that has had its day but recently is not
���vliui**** her desiralile.ou liarmoninus(-rounds,
fnr it gives- an unbalanced appearance to the
mantel mid fa, moreover, rather stiff in
effect when hanging strait-lit down from the
edge. Ttio mantel scarfs, so charming some*
timea, hardly take kindly to the old-time
mantels and Beam oddly out of place upon
them. Besides they would only half hide
the bare stretch �������� painted woodwork, and
the poor effect would only be emphasized
by Linn* im'*. The accompanying illustration
offers a suggestion as tothe treatment of
one of these old iii:mi i*!**. A double rail uf
ln-ass   rods runs  around   the edge above,
while below is a lambrequin fastened close
Iy to tho under edge of the mantel and
gathered a low inches down, drawing it in
but li in front and uu tho sides. The portion
below this first " gather" ia n puff, from
which hangs a fringe to match the material
used in tho lambrenuiu. Tbe illustration Is
offered as a su-'g-.stioii, to be modified aB
suits individual tastes. If it be impossible
to procure such a brasB railing as is figured,
a rail of a different sort cau be used, the
point being to provide somo arrangement
ahoyo tho mantel to balance that below.
Such a railing, also, sets oil'admirably the
hric-a-bruc that muy be displayed upon the
with apples. Allow the whites of two eggs
lor each pie, beat them stiff and add one
teaspoonful of sugar aud u little extract of
vanilla. After the piss have baked in a
moderate oven until the p,iste is a light
I town, spread thu niermguu over them, aud
return to the oven a few minutes
Apple Pudding.���Heat to a cream a
lump of butter tbe size of an egg, with a
cup of sugar, the yolks of three eggs, two
slices of bread previously souked m milk,
then add two large apples, pared and sliced
line.imd a liltle temou rind. When mixed,
atir in the whites of the egga beaten stiff.
Uoil in a mold for one hour, then serve with
hard sauce.
Apple Pudding���No. 8,���Put a layer
of pared and sliced apples in a pudding
dish, and sprinkle with sugar und cinnamon. Add a layer of bread crumbs and
Bome little pieces of butter, then another
layer uf apples, then bread crumbs until
the dish ib full. Set in the oven and bake
one hour. Serve with sweet sauce,or cream
and sugar.
!���  leal   Lire  Nolbrrt Nnlil n Porriii-xit
Plnre lu the Aim-Hun uml Ht-gard or
Frosting���Codfish -Bread.
A correspondent writes :���I always waB
bothered in making frosting for cake until
I got this recipe : Take one teacup of sugar
and five tablespoonfuls of aweet milk ; boil
five minutes.
I have juBt loarned bow to cook codfish
ao that it is good. First get a good piece
of lish ; cut a piece the .si/** you think your
family will need ; soak an hour and boil
like potatoes ; take up and pour o-'or tt a
gravy made ot a little flour, butter and
salt; add boiling water until it is of the
usual thickness of gravy, then (while it
IjoiIh) break in au egg and stirgently bo tho
egg will bo in lumps ; pour over tha fish,
and if you do not like it, it will be because
you do not like codfish any way.
Hero is tho way I make bread now���a
little easier than tbe usual way, and a lit*
tie better: Take a large bowl���at noon
the day beforo baking���and put in three
tablespoonfuls of lloor and two of sugar.
When your potatoea are boiled for dinner
take out two or three into thc bowl, mash
ull together very line, add boiling water
from the teakettle (fnr four or five loaves
about two quarts) ; set away unlit lukewarm, thun add a cake of yeast foam,
previously dissolved, set in a room that is
moderately warm, over night. In the
morning sift your flour, add salt, about
half a cup of shortening, and u little
more sugar j put these ina hollow in the
center of thu Hour. It tho shortening is
burd a little boiling water will help, then
with an iron spoon begin to stir, adding
your sponge of the night ooforo ; keep the
inixturo smooth, adding more of the surrounding mound of flour until you have
added all tho spongo und the mixture is so
stiff that you can hardly stir anymore;
then taku your hand and mould it a little
more, addiug.u little more Hour if needed ;
set to riso in a warm place ; let it get very
light ; make into loaves, let rise again, not
quite as light as before, and bake io a
moderately hot oven from half to three*
quarters of un hour, and if your bread ia
not tho bust you ever ate���as an old lady
told me lately���then tty again, and Bee
whether ymi did just aa directed.
True Skill in Housekeeping.
It iB in making tho home a comfort and a
pleasure that the real skill in housekeeping
may bo exercised. Almoat any one with
ordinary common sense can lay down fixed
rules, and aay that such work must be done
at such a time ; and if it is possible to carry
the plan out exactly to the hour, or day,
she may seem to be, and will probably think
herself, an excellent housekeeper. But an
attempt at such housekeeping is likely to
result in onu of two tilings : if tho mistress
iB strong-willed, she ia euro to make her
family extremely uncomfortable; if she la
weak-willed, she will suffer much discomfort herself, and probably become peevish
and fretful, lu either case, alio ia a slave
to her housekeeping, and cannot expect to
develop any " sweetness and light" in her
household. *
A good housekeeper js one who not only
knows how to make plans for work, which
is, indeed, very Important, but knows,
also, bow to make the order of work sufficiently flexible to meut all the exigencies
of daily life, without any lerloui disasters.
She must know how to change her plans
eaaily, that is, without friction ; or even to
do away with them altogether, lor a tlmo,
if any circumstances should arise which
would make it more desinhlo to do ao. No
housewifu oan hopo to have a pleasant home
for her family, or have herself anything
but a careworn woman, who docs not always provide tor the unexpected ; and one
of the important provisions is to alwaya
keep her temper. If tho unexpected happens, and it is continually happening in all
active and bnspitablo households, meet it
without any frctfulness, and it will not be
If it le true that the dramatist and the
novelist hold tho mirror up to nature, how
doea it come that wo find so few admirable
mothers in their works ': In history and
biography, as in real life, mothers hold a
foremost place in the affection and regard
of men. From tho days of the Gracchi te
tho present momont maternal love and filial
affection have been esteemed thu noblest of
all the virtues, and yot bow seldom do wo
aoo them portrayed in fiction ? The dramatists aa u rule maku their mother characters
wioked or silly, und tho novelists too often
hold them up to ridicule. In all of Shake*
spearo's thirty-seven plays there is only
one really admirable mother, tho Countess
Rouslllon in " All's Well That End's Well."
Tamora in " Titus Audi mucus," the Queen
in "Cymbeline," Lady Capulot and the
Queen of Denmark aro dreadful or despicable creatures, while Queen Constance,
Queen Elinor, the Duchess of Vork, and
Volumnia in the historical plays are entirely too robust and far from lovable.
But the novelists arc thu greatest sinners
in this respect, tha feminine writers of fiction being no whit behind the masculine.
In Jane Austen's six novels there is not one
estimable mother, Thuy ure either weak
anil foolish, or proud, or vulgar. No reader
can esteem, much leB9 love,any onoof them,
and they are only objects of contempt or of
neglect to their own children, Mits Austen
admired her own mother higbly,but though
ahe put her father and brothers in some of
her stories, thero seems to have been no
place for her mother or any of the good
mothers she muat huve known. Charlotte
Bronte ia quite as blamahle as Jane Austen.
In her three novels thore are four or live
mothers, and of theae Lady Ingram and
Mrs. Reed arc cruel a.vl unmotherly, and
the others are weak or deprived. In two
of George Kliot's novels we find three or
four mothers whom wo love or rcapeot���
Mrs. liarth in " Middlomarch " and Mrs.
Poyser, Mrs. llcde and Mrs. Irvine iu
" Adam Bede," but this ends the list. As
an offset to them there aro Mrs. TuIIivor
and Mrs. Deane in "Tha Mill on tho Floss,"
Mrs. Transome and Mrs. Holt in " Felix
Holt," and Mrs. Harloth in "Daniel Der-
onda," In her other novels there are no
mothers at all, Thackeray depicted a most
charming and lovable woman and mother
In Laura Pendenui.-i, She is a creation bofore whom we eau all go down on our knees
as Philip Firmm uud Pen himself oould. So,
too, Pen's mother ia a true woman most exquisitely drawn, and ono has nothing to say
against Lady Castle wood, subsequently
Mrs, Colonel Esmond, of Virginia. But
over against these stand that old campaigner, Mra. Mu.cKi.nzie, Mrs. Gaahleigh, Mrs.
Hobson Nowcomo and the dreadful mother
of Barry Lyndon, Thero are alt>o Blanche
Amory's mother,good enough in her vulgar
way, but not a pleasant person to meet,and
tho unendurable Mrs, Sodloy.
When wo turn to the novels of Charles
Dickens we find no end of weak, insipid,
and ridiculous mothers, und not ono that if
entirely admirable, Mrs. Copperfield is
aimablo but weak ; Mrs, Rudgo good but
vulgar, and Kit's mother of the aame class.
But these do not atone for tho Jellabys,
Mioawbers, Nicklobycs.Konwigs.Skewtons,
Merdles, Clenams, Heeps, t.uppys and the
rest, We laugh at some and despise others.
It is said that ho portrayed his own moth*
er.or certain of hor traits in Mrs. Micuwber
and Mra. Nickleby. It is a pity he could not
have found one loving uud lovable English
mother somewhere among bia friends or among the ereaturcaof his imagination, Bulwer
Lyttonliasgiven ua one delightful mothorin
Mra.Caxton,but that is all, Uharloi Reade,
who particularly prided himself on hia
knowledge of the female heart and character, haa alao portrayed one. Mrs. Little in
"Put Yourself in His Plaoe" is a splendid
creation, but ho ends with her. Luey
Dodd is whimsical, Gcrrurd'a mother unreasonable, and Lady Barrett a criminal.
One might think that Goldsmith, describing the simple life and pleasures of an English parsonage, might have drawn tho
character of a perfect mother, but he docs
not, Mrs. Primroro is not an admirable
woman in any senso. She is the very embodiment of Hclf-cor.ceit and vanity. In
Scott's splendid gallery I hero aro some
noble pictures of women���devoted, loving,
faithful���but not a single mother whom we
canadmire, Mra, Ash ton in " Tho Bride ol
Lammermoor" is bad and cruelly sdfish'
and sho is tho only notable mother iu the
Why there should bo this absence of tha
highest mother character in our best fiction
Ib difficult to say, or why mothers should
be such particular object-- of ridicule. Hut
tho faot is assured. Perhaps somo future
convocation of mothers will tako this sub*
jeot up and see to it thul tho mothers have
their just deserts in fiction as well as iu
half so dilllcult to deal with.
A Few Apple Receipts.
Jellied ApplcB. ��� Pare and slice tho
apples, and lill a quart bowl with alternate
layers of apples and sugar. Add half a teacupful of water, cover closely and bake
Blowiy three hours. Let it stand until cold,
and it will turn out a rounded mass of clear
red slices, and firm jelly. One toacupfiil of
sugar is usually enough for ono quart of
Apple Custard.���Cover tho bottom of a
pan with stowed apples, sweetened and
flavored to taste. Pour over them a ousted, made of one pint of milk, tlio yolks of
five eggs, and half a cupful of Htigar, cooked
in a double boiler. Beat tho whito of the
eggs to a etifl froth, adding two tablespoonfuls of sugar, spread it over the custard,
nnd set it in tho oven until it Is a light
Apple Pie. ���1'are nnd slice any kind of
good cooking apples. Add a little water
and atew them until they will mash fine,
then sweeten and flavor with lemon juice.
Cover the pie pans with rich paste, and fill I dollars more, pleaso.
Gauging a Man's Charaetor.
Hero are the directions nu experienced
married lady gives to young ladies who nre
anxhios to get at the characters of men who
make serious advunccs to them :���For n
man's birth look to his linen and fingernails, and observe the Inflections of his
voice. For hia tnates, study tho colour of
hia ties, the pattern and hang of bis
trousers, his friends, and his rings���if any.
For his propeuslii* s, walk round and look
carefully at tho back of hi- houd, and remember, girls, never to marry a man whose
neck bulges over so little over his collar.
If you want a successful man, see that he
has a neat foot ; ho will move quicker, gut
over obstacles faster, than n man who falls
over his own toes nnd trips up other folks
with 'cm, too. For Ins breeding, talk
sentiment to him when he js starving, und
ask him to carry n band-box down tho public Btreot when you've just had a row. To
test hia temper, tell him bin nose fa a little
on one Bide and you don't liko lhe way his
hair grows���and if that won't fetch him
nothing will.
A Corrected Bill.
('nlhrrt-il from Various l'ulut-4 from the
Atlaaltt* lo Ibe ParlUc.
Barrie has a few vacant houses.
Owen Sound is to have a new lighthouae.
Severn Bridge has a siege of scarlet fever.
driii'sby has repealed ita early closing
Barrie haa recently had a number of
Berlin baa vote J to establish a new public
Tbe Conoatuga Methodists are renovating their church.
Queen's College re-opened Tuesday with
a large attendance.
Work will bo commenced on tho Stratford poatoffice at once.
A man was trying to sell a white donkey
in Barrie thia week.
Brockville shows an increase of ;is*j in
population this year.
Pickpockets are operating in Ottawa
with considerable success.
Paria has decided to grant no more
exemptions to manufacturers,
A ship load of lumber ia going from Dorchester Port, X. It., lo Buenoa Ayres.
A bear weighing IWO pounda was killed
Sunday at Hub's Lake above West port.
Tho Brockville Carriage Company hns
already turned out 2,<J(H) light cutters this
During the year ending Sept. .'lOlh -IG2
prisoners have been confined in Hamilton
Nino rafta of lumber have gone down to
Quebec from the Upper Ottawa river thia
One day the citizens of St. John, N, B,
paid in nearly $80,000 for taxes to save tho
During the past year 015 priaonera have
been incarcerated in the county jail at
From two potatoes planted last spring
Jas. Salter, of Orillia, tit-a in return 1)2 full
sized spuds.
A Hamilton woman was fined ��1 "i last,
week for plucking two flowors in a cemetery
in that city.
The Catholics of Brockville will have a
bazaar next woek from which they expect
to raise $7,000.
W. T. Campbell, formerly caBhier of the
G.T.R, at Jngersoll, died in tho Chatham
hospital this woek.
The architect of Kuox church, Mitchell,
has a claim against the contractor for $2,000
on account of errors.
Several islands around Port Severn have
been Bold, and the owners will put up summer cottages next spring.
The capital atock of the Brunette Saw
Mill Co., Victoria, B.C., has been increased
from $200,000 to $'100,000.
John Dunlop, a well known farmer of
Hibbert, near Cromarty, was found dead in
bed on Saturduy morning last,
James Lee, tho pickpocket, was let go at
London because thc jail authorities don't
want a sick man on their hands.
Mr. Thos, Flynn, market gardaner,of the
Goro of London, was successful in growing
peanuts on his farm thia summer.
It ia calculated that the out on tho St,
John's Pivor, N.B., this year ia about .10,-
000,000 feot less than the average,
Bruntford has now a population of I,"(Jir-'l,
a*i increuso of SI) during tho past year.
Thero are loss thau HO vacant houses iu tbe
TwnMoncton.N.lt,, young ladies recent*
ly raided an ttppl.; orchaid. Another drovo
a tramp out of lho houae at the point of
�� revolver.
Price Bros.' saw mill at Si. Thomas,
Montmagny, Quo., destroyed by fire in
the month of May, has beeu reconstructed
and bus commenced operations.
The wifo of Joseph Trusfcey, who is condemned to die on December 14 for the murder of Wm. Lindsay, frequently visits hor
husband in the Sandwich jail,
Joseph Hartley, a Winnipeg laborer,
three months ago came into possession of
a fortune of $50,000. Ho died iu the hospital on Thursday from excessive drink
A London woman answered an ad, for a
new hat fastener, and received two rubber
bauds, with instructions to fasten them to
the hat and run them round undor her
The movement to buy the river front uu
Sandwich street west from the Grand
Trunk Railway for a park is meeting with
general approval iu Windsor, The price is
Quebec takes the lead In tho aupply of
timber, her output of suwloga amounting to
5,000,000,000 feet broad measure, and of
square timber to three aud a quarter mil-
lion cubic feet
Post Olllco Inspector Hawken has gone
to Lake Temiscamingue to establish a poat
office five miles inland from the lake, half
way between Baie des Peres and the Temiscamingue colonization road.
At tho fall Bhow in Ilderton the W. C. T. U.
got complete control of the grounds for a
substantial consideration, kept all games
of chance out of the grounds, and supplied
meals���"all you can cat"���for 15 conis a
Thi* Full In Price, hi,,  tu the   Bounty or
Suture itailier Than to the C*aler*prlse
or Man.
We have referred to tbe great overproduction cf wheat in recent years aa the
immediate cause of the tremendous fall in
prices ; but it remains to explain how the
glut has been produced. That it is due to
the bounty of nature rather than to the
enterprise of man is clear from the faot
that it is mainly attributable to production in the United Statea, where the wheat
area has decreased during the last ten
years, while the population haa been augmented by ahout 12.*, millions. Io 1884
there were nearly 39 J million acres under
wheat in that country, while the average
area during tho threo years ending with
1803 was under S7i million acres, and   thiB
A letter passed through tho mall recently
iu Winnipeg with the following unique
address :��� "The Principal, Chief Poat
Ollice, Mackenzie, Manitoba, for Queboo,
North America, United States, near Philadolphia, in California."
At the Chatham Police Court Wednesday
a man named George Douglas was charged
with robbing Chas. McKeagan of $25. Mr.
W. Douglas, (j. C, prosecuted, and Mr.
B. Douglas defended theaeeuaod. Thc first
named Douglas waB   discharged.
Mr. J DcarnoBs, school inspector, East
Middlesex, has received adiplomu of honorable mention from tho Board of Lady
Managers of tho Columbian Exposition for
his management of tho educational exhibit
ot tho Province of Ontario at the World'
It Does It.
A Reptile Swallowed While Drinking
in the Dark.
Ever���dad.g A��My Suffered by Mrs.
Wesirail-Nerve* Mattered, aad Death
leaked for as Ihe Only Bailer.
From the Trenton Courier.
The editor of the Courier, having heard
of thia strange caae of Mrs. Simon West-
fall, made enquiry and learned tbe follow*
ing facts:���Mrs. Westfall aaid that ono
evening some three years ago'she went
to the well and pumping some wator
drank a portion. As she did so she felt
something go down her throat kiokiug
and told her mother so at the time.
Littio she thought of the agony in store
for her through drinking water from a
pump lu the dark, for a female lizard
found Its way into her stomach and
brought forth a  brood.   After  a  while
year H ��� estimate,. .��� the l,ep.r,mer,t of   Jfi &&"g)ff$ ��*��.��, ����
Agriculture at only XI million acrea,   But   ���-        -���--- -������-������ 	
lho yield waa phenomenal in 1801, extraordinary in 1892, and well up to the aver-
ago in isil-l and 1804.   It is  certain   that
the crops of 18111   and tho   two  following
years were greatly underestimated   hy tho
Department   of   Agriculture,    What   has
been learned of tbo  distribution  of  theso
crops appears to show   conclusively   that
tbey averaged at least l,r>,UOQ,000 quarters
more than tho average annual production
of   tho  three   proceeding   yeara,     Thia
season's crop, again, according to all com*
mercial estimates, is quite up to an average
in quantity, and much  greater  than the
figures of the   Department of   Agriculture
To tide superabundance In America thero
is to bo added a new one in the Argentina
Kepublie, whence over two million quarters
of whsat were exported in 1892, and over
four and a half millions in 1893, while thiB
year's  total  ia expected  to reaoh  aeven
million quarters.    Previous to 1890 that
country had only in one year exported as
muoh as a million quarters, and tho rapid
increase of her surplus, coming on top of
the extra reports ftom the United Statea,
good cropB lu Europe since 1891, and great
crops in India  since 1802, has materially
helped to bring prices down. In Argentina
wo have the ouly  instance of a country in
which the growth of wheat haa greatly
extended iu recent yeara. Argentina statistics are little better than rough guesses ;
but ao faraa they are to bo relied on they
show that the wheat area, which was only
400,000 acres in 1SS0, had expanded to
6,000,000 acres in 1803. In spite of the
low prieea ruling since the crop of tho later
year oamo into the market, a creat increase
in wheat growing ia reported for tbe
present year.
The explanation of this surprising advance
in wheat production given by Argentine
authorities and the British representative
at Buenoa Ayres, is that it ia due partly to
the high gold premium which has prevailed
for aeveral yeara, aud partly to the settlement of the country by a largo number of
Italian immigrants, who are content to
labor from sunrise to sunset, and even by
moonlight, for a bare living. They spend
hardly anything, it is said, upon imported
merchandise, whioh the gotd premium
makea doar, while they aell thoir wheat at
gold prices and pay nearly all their expenses in tho depreciated paper currency,
which is said to go almost as far as ever in
payments which they have to make.
If this Ib to be taken aa the main explanation of Argentine farmera being iu a
poaition to extend thoir wheat industry
when prices aro unremunerativa to growers
in nearly all other countries, their enterprise ia built on a vory insecure foundation.
English farmers, at any rate, cannot grow
wheat at 20s, a quarter. A thrifty Scotch
farmer in Essex a few yoars ago astonished
tho readers of an agricultural paper by
giving figures to ahow that he could grow
wheat at"n profit to sell at 30s. a quarter ;
but ho disposed of the straw as well as tho
grain, and he still holds to 30s. ua bia
minimum. It is incredible that the wnrld
can long bo supplied with wheat at present
prices, unless a serlesof "lean years"occurs
to cause a recovery in value, it will, iu all
probahlity, bo brought by a considerable
roduction of tho wheat area.
Householder��� "Did tho master plumber
makethe corrections in that bill J returned
to him';"
Colloctoi��� "Ves, nir, and ho found an
overcharge of two dollars."
"AhaI Justus I suid."
"Yes sir; but it took him about an hour
to look up tho items,���and ho charges fivo
dollars   au   hour   for   his     timo,    Threo
Gertrude���"I thought you said Mr.
Casey's face was enough to turn a girl's
head. You must havo very queer taste."
Jessie���" So it is enough to turn a girl's
hoad���in another direotion."
Apple Recelpes.
Apple Dumplings.���Pare tho apples and
take out tho cores with a eorer. Make a
good biscuit dough and roll out pieces
largo enough to cover one apple. Put tho
apple in it, aud pinch the edges together
ao it will not break while cooking. Drop
them into boiling water and allow them
to boil long enough to cook the apple.
Baked Apple Dumplings.��� Prepare them
just as you would the boiled dumplings except that tho placo where the core is taken
out should be tilled with sugar and cinnamon. Put thorn In a pudding diah, or a
amall deep bake pan, and pour a little boiling wator over them. Let them bake
slowly until done.
Sauce for Apple Dumplings.���Put one
pint of milk in a double boiler. Beat ono
egg, oue cupful of sugar, one tablespoonful
of butter toguthar ; stir two tablespoonfuls
of Hour iuto half a cupful of water. Add
these ingredients to the boiling milk, and
let it cook until it thickens.
Apple Cobbler.���Cover the bottom of a
pudding dish or bake pan with stowed apples mashed fine and seasoned with sugar,
cinnamon and nutmeg. Cover the applea
with a rich biscuit dough rolled until about
one-third of an inch thick. Bake in a
moderate oven, until the crust is dono,
Apple Boll.���Mako a rioh biscuit dough,
roll out quiii! thin and spread with applo
sauce sweetened and flavored to taste
Pinch tho edges of the dough together and
put It in a bake pan that is juat largo
unnugh to hold it. Sprinkle threo table-
spoonful of flour and ono tabloapoontul of
buttor over the i oil,and pour iu enough cold
water to cover it. Bako in a moderate oven
ono hour. ,
Sauce for Applo Boll or Cobbler.���Pure,
slice and atow ono applo. Mash it fine and
add one tabk-gpnonful of butter, half a cup
of sugar, one heaping teaspoonful of corn
starch wet in a little cold water. Add a
cupful of boiling water and lot it boil five
minutes,    l'lavor with ground cinnamon.
Apple Dainty.���To ono quart of stewed
and mashed apples add ono cupful of sugar,
threo eggs well beaten, and threo cupfuls,
of rich, sweot milk, Stir all together and
llavor with nutmeg. Pour into a pudding
dish and bako in the oven until done.
increased bo that the very sight of milk
would produce effects bordering on convulsions. She lost her appetite but would feet
so completely gone at the stomach that she
had to aat a cracker and take some barley
soup frequently to quiet the disturbance
within. She took medicine for dyspepsia
and every known stomach disease, but got
r.o relief. She changed doctora and the
how dootor having had an experience of
thia nature before, gave her medioine to
kill and expel the lizards. For threo years
lho poor woman suffered all kinds ot physical and mental agony. Her whole ayatem,
kidneys, liver aud stomach were all out
of order. Her heart would flutter and
palpitate bo family as to be Impercep.
tible, and a smothering feeling would
como ovor her, that it was often thought
she had given her last gasp. Her
memory was almost gone, her nerves
shattered bo that the lenst sudden movo*
ment would bring on collapse through
extreme weakness. Sitting or standing
she would be dizzy and experience most
depressed feelings and lowncss of spirits.
After the removal of the reptiles, the
doctor sanctioned the use of Dr. Williams'
Pink Pills and she took three boxes
but found no apparent relief. She then
gave up thoir use believing sho was past
tho aid of medicine. At this time a
Mrs. Haight, who Buffered twelve weeks
with la grippe, and who wns completely
restored by taking Dr. Williams' Pink
Pills for Pale People, urged Mrs.
Westfall to begin the use of Pink Pilla
again. Sho did bo and aeon she perceived
their boneficlal effects. Herappetite began
.o Improve and for two months she has
it end ily gained strength, health and steadiness of nerve and memory. She can now
do her household work and feels as well as
ever. Shesays ahe cannot speak aa strongly
of Pink Pilla as sho would like to, and feela
Very grateful for tho great good resulting
from tho 'use of this wonderful medicine.
Mrs. Haight, before reforrcd to, Ib enthusiastic over her own perfect recovery
from the after effects of la grippe, feeling
as well ns ever Bhe did in her life. She
also corroborates tho abovo statement regarding Mrs. Wcstfall's cure.
These pills are a positive euro for al
troubles arising from a vitiated condition
of tbo blood or a shattered nervous systom.
Sold by nil dealers or by mail, from Dr.
Williams' Modicino Company, Brookville,
Ont., or Schenectady, N. Y. tt flO cents a
box, or (J boxes for $2.50. "j her* are num.
erous imitations and substitution*- againat
hich tho public iso��ution-i
A Woman's Burdens
are lit litem*.i when ahe turns to the right
medicine, if her existence is made gloomy
by the chronic weakness, delicate derange-*
ments, and painful disorders that nlll.ct her
box, she will find relief and emancipation
from her troubles in Dr. Pierce's Favorite
Proscription. If she's overworked, ner��
vous,or "run-down," aho has new life and
strength after using thia remnrkable remedy. It's a powerful, invigorating tonic and
nervine which was discovered and used by
an eminent physician for many years, in all
csaes.of "femalecomplain!a" and weaknesses.
For young girls just entering wom-mhood ;
for Women at tho critical " change of life ;"
ID baaring-dowu sensations, periodical
pains, ulceration, inflammation, and every
kindred ailment, if it ever fails lo cure, yoa
have your money baok.
Ambergris, or gray amber, is ft secretion
found in the intestines of diseased sperm
whales. Sometimes, in warm climates, it is
found floating on tho sea, or thrown up on
the coasts.
Centuries ago, whon first discovered, it
wai'thought to bo tho solidified foam ot tho
sea, or a fungoid growth of the aea, similar
to the fungi which grow on trcos on land.
It ia only within a comparatively short time
that its truo character was discovored. It
is supposed now to bo practically a biliary
calculus; certainly every whalo in which
ambergria haa been tound has been sick; and
it la believed that the sickness has beon due
to the presencoof ambergris. When am bor-
gris was firat Introduced into Europe it wns
used in medicines, in flavoring wines nnd in
making perfumes. Now it is used for tho
Ust purpose ouly, though in the East lndios
it la still an article of the pharmacopoeia.
Ambergris, when first taken from the whale
is of a doep gray color, soft to tho touch,
and ofa disagreeable smell. Whon exposed
to tho air, it hardens, loses color, and develops a sweot, earthy smell. It is worth
about sixty dollars a pound.
��� ���   f        ���������
Cured the Doctor.
For some time past I suffered from
Mumps, Chills, and Liver Complaint, After
considerable thought I adopted St. Leon
Mineral Water with a view to ouro, and I
must cordially say I was surprised, but
ngrceably so, at the great change for the
hotter It has worked in me.
Dft. S. Geo. 1'Ayinv, Quebec,
���onver  retail butchers  are   prolcsting
againstpaying $50 for a licenso.
Get Rid of Neuralgia.
There Is no uao in fooling with neuralgia.
It is a dlaease that gives way only to tho
most powerful remedies. No remedy yet
discovered haa given the grand results that
invariably attends the employment o( Pol-
son's Norvilino, Nervilino Ib a positive
specific for all nerve pains, and ought to be
kept on hand in every family. Sold every
where, 2S cents a bottle.
Prohibitionists are charged with having
sot on fire salonaa at Strahl, 111.
Charlatans and Quacks.
Have long plied their vocation on the Buttering pod ih; of the poople. The knifo has
pared to tha quick ; caustic applications
have tormented the victim of corns until
the conviction shaped Itself���thero's no
cure. Putnam's Painless Corn Extractor
proves on what slender basis public opinion
ofton rota. If yon suffut from corns gut
tho Extractor and you will bo satisfied. .
Sold everywhere.
A Cincinnati man Is to sell puro milk in
the parks at 1 cent a glass,
W*> "*2JIW
tlje equal ofl
Pedns &j?d*2*\d?e^
Do You Cough?
It Is a sum sign cf weaknea.
You need more ihan a tonlo.
You need
tho Cream of Cod-liver OB
and Hypophosphites,not only
to euro tho Cough but to glva
your system real strength.
Physicians, tho world over,
endorse It.
Don't be deceived by Substitutes!
tat-11<I ttt-wuo.UuJluV-Uo, AUOrugguU. Wo. *���>
Ci riM I
np��*�� IT *U dra*.
Iplent Con.umptioa
���  Croup Oun. /
Will be Increase
ed, your land
trend from foul
woods. If you
Feed Your
Cold in lhe head.   Nasal halm gives instant relief; speedily cures.   Never fails.
"hero are moro (over
illlKlJ of thf-f-u machines
In ihu in tin- Dominion
than nil other kinds
combined. For circular
Kivini: ���iriet*.ct<\,iulrh*esa
ttlO lllallllf:ii*hin-r,
677 ("rain SU
Montreal, P.Q.
Mnrlln 111 fir-* nm
rn:*<li-lu nil t-;t.m-*va ntul
stylos. Tbey naveaofld
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tbiy are tho mw pflgtM] tot rough
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England's Submarine Cftblo Systom
Thn war In Corea has just brought out
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Kv.r7Mu.ljT.ach.'In to
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Writ, os for Clslocties 1 also
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"Poor old chapl" said Peroy Guest, with
a laugh. ".Married? Looked as if he was
going to be hanged. Wonder whether I
shall be as nervous aud upset if���if���I
ought to say���when it comes off ? No, not
likely, bless her.    Might be all in a fidget
0 get it over for fear of a slip, but I dont
think I should look liko that,"
He waB approaching the church aa these
ideas ran through his head, and a glance
at the clock showed him that he was half
an hour too soon, consequent upon being
hurried oil'by his friend.
" What shall I do!" he thought " No
time to go anywhere else ; I'll drop in and
hang about In the church as if I did not
belong tothe party,"
Easier said than done. Already there
WM a littio crowd colleatiug, attracted by
the carpet laid up the steps���a little gathering of the poople who always do attend
weddings���those who wait till the brido
arrives and then hurry in to seo the service,
and thoso who, being in charge of perambulators, keep entirely outside and block
up pavement and poroli. Then, too, thero
were the customary maiden ladies, the
officials of the church, the boll ringers, the
woman fiom the crossing at the corner of
' he square in a clean apron, the butchers',
bakers', and fishmongers' boys, and the
children���especial ly those in a top-heavy
oondition from carrying other ohildren,
nearly as big as themselves.
( Percy Guost was conscious of a whisper
��� and a buzzing sound aa he walked
through the gates in what ho intended
to be a nonohalent fashion but which proved
to be very conscious, and thon most conscious as a boy oried:
'���'Kreheis, Ulll!"
Kortunately the church door was closo at
hand, but before he entered he waa awaro
that the turncock had joined the throng
with threo bright instrumonts over hiB
shoulder, as if his services were likely to be
wanted towards the end.
Percy Guest breathed more freely as he
stepped into the gloom of the silentchurch,
but was again disconcerted by the beadle
in his best gold-braided coat, holding open
a groen baize door and two pew openers
stepping forward apparently bont upon
showing him the way up to the chanoel.
"Thanks ; I'll Just look round," he
said carelessly ; but the words did not
convey hia meaning, and as he walked
slowly into ono of the side aisles
to study tablets and monuments,
he could not read a word tor thinking
that the two pew openers had seen through
" What a fool 1 am 1" he muttered. "Of
course they know.   Kven smell mo.    Wish
1 hadn't lined that Scent."
An anduuologist could not havo taken
more apparent interest Ihan tin in that
tablet covered with Hues of all leugtlis,
setting forth the gnud qualities of Robert
Smith, "late of this parish," but tho study
was accompanied by furtive glances at a
wa'.oh during tho longest quarter of an
hour the young man ever remembered to
have spent.
Rut it onded at last,
" He'll soon lie hero now," ho Baid to
himself as, carrying his new hat behind
him, he made for another tablet nearer the
chancel, while div us whispers behind liim
told of pews being lille-l by thoso who
wished to have good places, and so another
five minutes passed.
" Time he was here," thought tho
early arrival; and summoning his frrti-
tude ready for boing stared at and
commented upon, he wa-kedquietly toward
the chancel, faced round, and waited, staring blankly at lho three ur four score of
faces watching him eagerly,
"Pleasant I hosald lo himself. "Must
be some of the friends horo, but how confoundedly awkward I do feel. I liato
these quiet weddings. Company's good,
even if you're going to bo hanged. Why
isn't Stratton here'!"
There wero fresh arrivals every minute,
and Guest gazed anxiously now toward the
do >r, but the arrivals woro all female ; and
save that the clerk or verger was arranging
cushions aud books up by the communion
table, he was alone, and tho center upon
which all eyes wore fixed,
"I've done wrong," muttered Guest as ho
mastered a strong dosire to look at his
watch, which lie knew must now bo within
five minutes of the timo. "I ought to havo
gone back and brought him on. It's too bad
to leavo me hero like this."
If he could havo taken out his handkerchief to havo wipod tho gathering drops
away from hia temples he would not have
eared sn muoh, for they produced a terrible
Itching sensation. Hut no ; ho must seem
cool and collected.
Ho was conscious now of talking somewhere behind him, in tho vestry evidently,
tk deep utterance suggestive of intoning a
service, and a harsh, sharp voico.
The clergyman and just then the clerk
came down, passed close by, looked at him,
went and opened a pew door, and returned
to approach him again with a deprecative
eough, as if he wero about lo speak, but he
passed on again, and went back into tho
"Took mo for lho bridegroom;" muttered
''���lost to himself. "Stratton, you scouu-
lire!, why don't you come! Ohl I'll pay
you out for thle."
At last 1 For a figure appeared at
the other end of the ohurch. No;
it turned into a pew halfway down
*>e oenter islo, aud Guest became
eol! with apprehension as tho organ began
to peal forth its softest notes to a hushed,
shuddering buss, while Guest looked wildly down tho church, where, to his horror,
there stood a liguro in company with a tall,
sedate, gray-huired lady dressed m gray ;
and as these figures approached hn for a fow
moments forgot hia agony In a long, rapt
contemplation of tho bridesmaid's faeo.
Then ho could bear it no longer, aud ho
was about to rush out nnd go In search of
Stratton when ho felt that it was too late,
for already the admiral was nt thn door
with tho bride, and l-Mic and Miss Jerrold
were at his side.
Ho gavo Kdie ono quick glanco full of
agony, and then in u hurried whisper lo tho
admiral's sister :
"Miss Jerrold, for goodness1 sake ask Sir
Mark to stop into the vestry. Stratton has
not come,"
Too late���too late ! Tho organ was still
giving forth its introductory strain ; tho
two clergymen moved out of tho vostry,ond
took their places; Sir Mark and Myra wero
close up, and the clork came forward and
signed to Guest to stand in the bridegroom's
lief ore ho oould think, the admiral's lips
were close to his ear,and tho sharp whisper
thrilled him as if it had been a roar.
"Where's Stratton?"
" I���he was to meet mo���I���I'll go and
Tho words wero stammered forth in a
whisper, and no ono batter than he foil how
tame and paltry thoy sounded, whilo .id, hat
in hand, he hurried down the aisle.running
the gauntlet of a couple of hundred eyes, it
seemed aa if they Btung him, that tho looks
were more mocking than wondering, while,
raging with annoyance, the few yards felt
lengthened out into a mile.
portico, but no sign of tho brougham with
Through tho baize doors, and under tlio
the pair of grays   that  was  to  bring th
What to do; jump into a lianRon and bid
the man gallop to Benchers' Inn ?
It would take best part ol an hour, and
Stratton must be thoro directly. Ho would
Walt and see, even if everyone in the crowd
Was scaring at him wonderingly, while the
cold sweat stood out in big drops upon his
What is the meaning of this?" said a
stern voice at his elbow, and Guest turned;
co faoe the admiral, whose florid countenance waa mottled with white,
A few words of explanation followed and
I'll take a hanson aud gallop off to his
" No," said Sir Murk in a low, hoarse
voice. "An insult to my child I itis
atrocious I"
The old man turned and strode back,
while, hardly knowing what he did, Guest
followed him between the two rows ot
curious faces to whero Myra stood, perfectly firm and self-contained, while Kdie wasj
trembling visibly, and clinging to Miss1
Jorrold's arm.
As Sir Mara reached his daughter there
waa a loud whispering iu the ohurch, which
was suppressed by several hushes 1 as one
ut the clergymen approached the wedding
party, all present being eager to catch hts
words as the contretemps was now grasped.
'* Will you step into the vestry for a few
minutes? Some trifling mishap, perhaps���
to the oarriage or one of the horses. Perhaps an error abaut the time."
'*No* no," said the admiral sternly,
"We will wait here,sir. No ; Myra, take
my arm ; you shall not submit to this."
She was deadly pale, but she made no
movement to obey.
"Not yet," she said In a  low  voice,
We must wait."
" It is impossible, I tell yoa 1" oried the
admiral loudly, for his rage and mortification would have their way. "My dear girll
Hold up your hoad; the shame is aot yours.
Guest, take my sister and niece to the other
carriage." Then snatching Myra's hand,
he led her baok to the dour,his gray beard
and mustache seeming to bristle at his
eyes Hashed rage and defiance from side to
side, till they reaohed the portico, where a
man stepped forward.
"The bells, sir ?" he whispered deferentially ; " The ringers are all here?"
That was the last straw���a brazen one.
With an angry snort the admiral caught
the man by the shoulder and swung him
out ol the way, signaling directly after
for his carriage, which, as the coachman
and footman had not expected to be wanted
for some time yet, stood right away, with
the servants chatting at the horse-.' heads.
Not above a minute before the carriage
was drawn up, but it was like an ago to
those who listened to the whispering snd
giggling going on.
���'or the words "No bridegroom 1" had
reaohed the little crowd outside as soon as
the retiring wedding party ; and as Guest
heard a remark or two made, there was asing-
ingin hisears and au insane desire to rush at
some staring idiot and thrash him within an
inch ol his life,
.Hut ho glanced at Myra as ho pressed
Kdie's hand against his side, and saw that
tho bride's head waa erect and that she
stepped proudly into the carriage. Then
the Admiral took his seat by her side and
said firmly ;
"Home 1"
"To tho hotel, sir t" said the footman,
"Homo I" roared Sir Mark,
The footman sprang up to his seat, the
carriage was driven off, and with the crowd
increasing Miss Jerrod's took its place.
"Quid-, Mr. Guest," whispered the
admiral's sistor.    "She is fainting."
He had felt Kdie's hand pressing more
and more upnn hia arm, but In his excitement thia had not struck htm as extraordinary ; but now, as hire attention was drawn
to her, aho dropped her bouquet, and In his
ellbrt to save her from sinking to the pavement tho beautiful bunch of llowors was
crushed under foot.
The next minute he had lifted the poor
girl into tho carriage, and handed the admiral's storn looking sister to Inr Bide.
Darting a look of agony at Kdie's whito
facu and the wreath and veil fallen aside,
Guost drew buck for the door to be closed,
but Miss Jerrold made nn imperious sign.
"No, no; come with us," she said
hoarsely. " Vou must help me ; and explain.   I dare not face my brothor alone."
Guest sprang ibto the carriage, the door
was shut quickly, and tho footman leaped
to his place as tho horses atarted forward
with a loud trampling of hoofs, but not
qulokly enough to take them beyond the
hearing of a derisive cheer,
"The hotel I The idiot I To want to take
us hack there to face the half-hidden mockery
and jokes of all those strangers. Oh, it's
maddening 1"
Sir Mark leaned forward, lowered the
front window, aud shouted to thecoaohman
to drivo faster.
" I saw them," he continued as he flung
himself baok In his Beat, " the whole mob
in tho church sniggling with delight. Curse
thom I And that fellow, Stratton 1 If ever
we stand faeo to faoe again I'll���- Oh, I
hope he will never havo the audacity to
come near mo, for his own sake."
Myra had been sitting perfectly upright,
looking as if Butferjng from some cataleptic
sei/.ure ; but at the mention of Stratton she
mined and hid her had upon her father's
"Oh, yes, of course I" he raged, with a
mocking laugh. "Womanlike; a hundred
excuses ready for him: out himself in shav-
iving���wedding clothes not home in time-
sprained his ankle���a bad headache. Oh,
you women, you women I If over there
were a pack of fools������"
"Father I"
That one word only, but full of so much
agony that he turned and caught ber to
her breast.
"Brute 1 Senseless brute I" ho literally
growled. "Thinking of myself, and my
own feelings, and not of you, my own."
Thon raging again, with liis countenance
purple, and the veins of his templos starting :
"Hut you I To Insult you, my child, and
after that othor horrible alfair. How a man
who professed to worship you���could sub'
ject y ou to such an outrage- -to such infamy 1
I tell yon it is maddoning,"
"Father 1" once moro iu u piteous tone,
"No ; you shall not plead for him, my
darling. You have behaved nobly. Like
a true, solf-respecting Knglish lady. No
acting, no billy girlish fainting, but. like my
daughter. Vou must go on, though. This
scoundrel must be shown that he cannot
Insult ynu with impunity."
"Listen, father, she whispered after a
desperate ellbrt to restrain the hysterical
burst of agony striving for exit,
"I will not. There is no excuse, Myra,
A tologram���a messenger��� hia friend and
best man. Nothing dono. The man is���
no ; hit is no man. I'll���my lawyer shall���
no ; I'll go myself. He shall see that-���������
Silence 1 Ho firm, Don't move a muscle.
Take my arm when 1 hand you out, aud not
a word till we aro in the drawing room,"
For the carriage had stopped, after a
rapid course, at Sir Mark's house In Bourne
Square, where they had to wait somo minules before, in response to several dragglngs
at tho boll, the door was opened by an
elderly housemaid,
"Why was not this door answered?
Where is Audrews?"thundered the admiral
as tho footman oamo in, looking startled,
and closed tbo door behind which tho housemaid stood, looking speechless at her master's unexpected return.
"Shall tho carriage wait, Sir Mark?"
interposed tho footman.
"No! Stop; don't open that door, I said,
whv wus this door not uiiBwerod?"
"I'm very sorry, Sir Mark," faltered tho
woman, who was troubling visibly. "I was
upstairs-cleaning myself."
"Hah I Whore is Andrews? Whore are the
other servants ':"
"They all went to the wedding, Sir Mark."
"Bah 1"
"Father���upstairs���I oan bear no more,
whispered Myra.
Brought back to hia child's suffering, the
admiral hurried her up tothe drawing room
aud let her sink back on a couch. Then,
turning to the bell, he waa about to ring
for help, but Myra rose,
"No ; don't ring," ahe said in a hoarse
whisper.    "I'm bitter now."
At that moment Miss Jerrold's oarriage
stopped at the door, and directly aftor Sir
Mark's sister appeared with Edie, who,
looking white and soared, ran at once to
her cousin and olung to her, uttering violent
".Silence, Edie I" thundered the admiral.
"Look at your cousin. Vou muat be a
woman now. Ah, here yon are, then I" he
continued fiercely as Percy Gnest entered,
"Ves; I name up for a moment before I
go on there."
"I'm glad you've oome," cried the old
man furiously, and leaping at someone
upon whom he could vent his rage.
"Now, then, explain, you dog. What
does that villain���that scoundrel���mean by
insulting me���my child, like this? Damn
him! I'll "
"Stop, Sir Mink!" cried Guest firmly.
"Vou don't know what you are saying."
"What !"
"And I wiil not stand here and have my
dear old friend and schoolfellow insulted
by such words."
"Insulted 1" cried Sir Mark, with a harsh
laugh; "insulted ?"
"Ves, sir, Malcolm Stratton ia the soul
of honor���a gentleman who would have
laid down hia life aooner than cause pain to
tho lady he loves with all his heart.
"God bloss you for that, Mr. Guest 1"
cried Myra���catching the young man's
hand as she spoke���in a broken voice
whioh she fought hard to render calm.
"Hah I Heroics I Come away, Myra.
Of course he'll talk big for his friend. But
where is he ? Why has he insulted us all
like this t"
Heaven only knows, sir," said Guest
solemnly, "Forgive me for speaking
as I do before you, Mrs. Barron, but
at the cost of alarming you I must take
Malcolm's part, I saw him this morning
at his chambers, ready almost to come on.
He placed Miss Perrin's telegram fn my
hands���about the bouquet���and begged me
to see to it at once���to take the flowers to
the hotel, and meet him at the church."
"Yes���yes 1" oried Myra eagerly, and
her large, dark eyes were dilated strangely.,
"I did not pay any heed to It then, lor 1
attributed it to anxiety and nervous excitement."
What, Mr. Guest?" asked Myra pitc-
-His appearance, Mrs. Barron. There
was a peculiar wild look in his eyes, and his
manner was strange and excited. Some
seizure must have been coming on."
" Ves, yes; it is that, Bald Myra, hoarsely, and she hurriedly tore off gloves, veil,
and ornaments.
"He was quite well last night," said the
admiral scornfully. "It was a trick to get
rid of you. I'll never believe but what it is
all some deeply laid plan."
"Vou do not kuow what you are aaying,
Sir Mark, or I would resent your words.
Mrs, Barron, I will come baok directly I
obtain tidings of my poor friend, Vou know
him better than to think ill of him."
"Ves, yes," cried Myra, speaking firmly
now but ina low, hurried murmur.    "Bub
top, Mr. Guest; stop!"
-only afew minutes. Edie
turned sharply, for ho was already ab
the door.
"Wait for me-
-quick; help.''
Ifcr cousin (lew to her side.
"Myra 1" criod the admiral fiercely;
what are you going to do ?"
"Uhange my dress," Bhe said with unnatural calmness.   Go to him."
'What ?"
'Whero ahould I be but at his side ?"
"Impossible, girl 1 You shall not degrade yourself like this I" cried the admiral;
and Miss Jerrold caught her niece's hands,
"There would he no degradation, Sir
Mark," said Guest firmly; "hut, Mrs.
Barron, you oannot go. For years Malcolm has been like my brother. He had
no secrets from mo, and I oan toll you from
my heart that there is but one reason for
his absence���a sudden seizure. Don't keep
me, though, pray. Stay here and wait
mv return. Unless"���ho added quickly,
with a deprecating  glance  at Sir  Mark.
"What I I���go with you to hunt up the
man and beg him to come ? Pshaw !"
"Mark, It is your duty to go," said his
sister sternly. " I don't believe Mr, Stratton would insult us like this."
"Then for once in my life, madam, I will not
do my duty I" criod the admiral furiously.
"It is not the only occasion upon whioh a
man has gained the confidence of his
friends. It ia not tho firat time I havo
been ao cruelly deoeived. I oau soo it
plainly. Either, like a pusillanimous
coward, he turned tail, or there Is some
disgraceful entanglement which holds him
baok I"
"Father, it Is not trne I" cried Myra
angrily. "How dare you insult me liko
"I���Insult you?"
"Yea, in tho person of the man X love���
my husband but for this terrible mischance.
Vou do not mean it; you are mad with
anger, but you will go with Mr. Guest at
"Never I" roared the admiral,
"For my Bake," alio cried as she flung her
arms about his neck and clung to him, "I
give up���I will nob attempt to go there
myself���you are quite right; but," she
murmurod now, ao that Iter words were
almost inaudible to all but him for whom
they were intended, "I love him, dear, and
he is in pain and suffering. Go to him; I
cannot bear it. Bring him to me, or I ahall
The admiral kissed her hastily, and sho
olung to him a moment or two longer as he
drew a long, deep breath.
"My own dearest father," sho whispered,
and Bhe would have sunk at his feet, but
lie gently placed her in a lounge chair and
turned to Guest.
"Now, sir," he said, as if he were delivering an order from the quarter deck,
am at your service."
Myra sprang from her chair ami caught
her aunt's arm, looking wildly in her eyes;
and the meaning of the look was grasped.
"Stop a moment, Mark," she aaid. "My
carriage is waiting. You may want a woman there; I'll come with you."
"You ?" cried her brother, "Absurd I"
"Not at all," said the lady firmly. "Mr.
Guest, take me down to my oarriage; I shall
Sir Mark frowned but aaid no more; ho
merely glanced back aa Myra now gave up
and Bank iu her cousin's arms while, as Miss
Jerrold went down, her lips tightened, and
slio looked wonderfully like her brother, aa
she said to heraelf:
"Thauk goodness I No man ever wanted
to marry me."
"Benahers' Inu," said Guest sharply as
the footman closed the carriage door, and
the trio sat in silence, each forming a
mental plcttiro of that whioh they were
going to aee,
Aids at Be?f and Ho* Killing Time.
At butchering time the greatest difficulty
ia usually experienced In elevating the oar
caBs, whether it is beef or pork. By use of
a derrick or tripod, as shown in the illus-
stration, this heavy work oau be dote ex-
pedioualy by tho aid of two men. Three
poles ('*,<-,h), about 14 feet in length, are
bolted or i hained together and set upon
end, as bIiowii in the sketch ; two pulleys
with ropes (������) ure attached, by whioh one
man can lift three times his own weight,
two men elevating a large beef with ease.
At hog-killing time a large barrel contain-
ing the scalding water ia placed almost
directly under the pulleys. The hog ia
elevated and easily raised up and down in
the soalding water until the bristles are
removed, then lowered to the platform
adjoining, the end reversed and tho bristles
all removed with but little trouble or heavy
lilting, and no danger from the splashing
of scalding water. When ready for hang-
ins it is elevated by the rope and pulleys,
aud run off on a pole placed at right angles
with the tripod and at the proper height.
This contrivance will prove convenient for
heavy lifting, and for loading or unloading
boxes and barrels.
Selling Beef.
The beat lime to market beet animals
from the farm should be considered, About
November old cow beef begins to be taken
to market by farmera and Bold by the quarter. By December, it ia a drug in the
market, and thia usually continues till into
January, Farmers sell It at any price they
can get. This depresses the prices of better qualities of beef. The reuon ao muoh
poor beof ia rushed into market in late
fall and early winter is, that when oold
weather comes on and foddering commenoea,
the farmer, having the two together, takes
mental account of his live atook aud his
stock of fodder. Should tho latter seem
not sufficient to oarry the former through
until grass shall grow again, some of the
livo stook must be sacrificed, if need be, for
if the farmer hates to do any ono little
thing worse than another, ho hates to be
compelled to buy hay in the spring. Thia
is generally regarded as evidence of a poor
farm or a poor farmer, ao, to avoid this
mortification, aome of the stock must go,
and, if thero are possible beef animals
among the lot, they aro tho first to be disposed of. Stioh transactions are intensified
when hay is dear, or likely to be, as it Is
most certain to be next winter. The
thoughtful farmer will consider his situation and decide now; thon, if any stock is
to bo beefed, he will from now on handle
it with the eud In view of getting it Into
market before the inflow of old oow beef
Best Use For a Poor Milker.
A friend asked mo in a letter the other
day hew to manage a oow which is an un
profitable dairy animal, that usually dries
off in the fall. His desire is to beef her.
Buttor is very low. I would dry her
immediately; then put hor in a dark, cool
stable where files would not bother, soil her
and push her with graiu for all thero
ia in it, and then sell her as soon as I could
get four and one-half cents. He can grind
any grain together ho may havo���corn,
wheat, oats and barley���but corn should be
a considerable portion. 1 would out- a
portion of the soiling material, and mix
thia " chop" with It as feed. If there is no
soiling crop, I would feed her hay and
add to chop aome oilcake meal or flax-seed
'ally. With all dry feed this will koop the
lowels in fine oondition, and make the
ooat smooth and glossy. If there is no
other soiling material, grass growing
along fence rows or ou the lawn oould be
utilized for this purpose, and relieve the
drying pasture or haymow that muoh. But
If this extra oare cannot be given convient-
other stock on hia farm. If he Bees proper,
hs could start with a few common ewes
and a ram of any of the mutton breeds,
and by keeping the best formed ewe lambs
of thia cross, sell off the more indifferent
of the older ewes and all the ram lambs.
Then by repeating this practice for three
or four years���gotting a new ram, fattening and disposing of the old stock aud
supplying their places with younger animals
of his own raising���he would soon be
enabled to so improve hiB thick of mutton
sheep aa to make it worth double the same
number of the origiual stook, while the
annual profit from tho sale of lambs,
old sheep, and wool will have returned him a larger comparative compensation on tho invest meu l than anything else
on the farm.
Making a New Use of One's Garden.
A gentleman advertised lately that his
garden in the country, with the hospitality
of alternoon tea, would be open every
Saturday for working men from London
England, A gentlemen who describes a
visit appears to have had his doubts
whether the whole affair waa not a hoax���
an apprehension shared by his travelling
companion. This idea was corroborated
by the behaviour of a rural policeman ol
whom they inquired the way to their destination, and who had already been similarly questioned by eleven gentlemen of the
road���all, as it turned out, their fellow-
guests. However, they found all was well
when arrived at their journey's end ; the
garden a pretly one, the host most gracious,
and a generous license as regarded tobacco.
Upon the whole, the experiment appears
to have been completely successful. It is
easy to see that the result of this wholosole
benevolence might bo very embarrassing,
but no sorb of hitch appears to have taken
Cattle Are Injan-il by Confinement Ih
Hot Stable* DnrlRK lite Summer anil
Winter NomIHs.
Whatever doubt there may bo as to the
prevalence of tuberculosis among the Canadian herds, there has been no question that
the disease is epidemic iu many parts of tho
neighboring republic Oue of the papers
read at the recent meeting ofthe United
States Veterinary Medical Association in
Philadelphia throws some light upon the
subject, Tbe writer attributea the spread
of tuberouloais among cattle mainly to the
faot that their constitutions are Injured by
confinement to hot stables during the summer and winter montha, There is much to
be said in support of this view. In the desire to increase the yield of milk and butter,
and fed with milk-produoing foods. Little
or no exercise is given them, the purpose
being to reduce them to more dairy
machines. Nature did not Intend them for
that purpose, and consequently further
development in that direction iB frequently blocked *he cattle plagues. It is
noticeable that in lie South, where such
oattle as they have live almost altogether
outdoors, tuberculosis is practically unknown. The aame may be aaid of the
Weatern Statea among live atook that ia
rarely stabled. Approaching the Mississippi
river the disease becomes more prevalent,
specially among highly-bred ana closely*
housed herds. Where eattlo are so situated and specially fed for the purpose of
yielding milk to their utmost capacity
tuberculosis is enormously increased, both
iu frequency and virility. In Now England one to two par cent, of the cattle are
infected, while in Eastern Massachusetts
the proportion is probably from three to
Ave per cent. Nearly all the authorities
agree that hot stabling, which is resorted
to for the purpose of increasing the supply
of milk, is
of tho disease, Nothing will reduce the
vitality of the animal and the inherent
resistance to disoaso more than lack of
exercise. A olimato suoh as we have
In the higher lands of Canada has a tendency to bring about special chest development, and while thab is no doubb desirable,
it necessitates for tho sustenance of life a
muoh more complete and active respiration
than might otherwise be required. The
faot is that cattle, like most other living
things, thrive best under healthful conditions. It may be possible to obtain from
an animal confined more milk and butter
fat than from onothat haB greater freedom,
but, if we are to believe the experts, the
{wooes***, is contrary to all physiological and
lygienio laws, and constitutes an enormous
drain upon the invaluable reserve forces
that oan uever bo replaced.
Colors not only infiuonco cattle, buthuman
beings also. On this point some curious
experiments were reported from Italy as to
tho effect of colors on tho nerves of tho
sick and Insane. In the hospital for insane
at Alessandria, special rooms aro arranged
with rod or bluo paint on the walls, A
violent patient is brought suddeuly into a
bluo room and left to the effect of that
color on his nerves. One maniac was curod
in an hour : another waB at peace iu hii
mind after passing a day in a room all
violet. Tho red room fa used for the commonest, form of dementia (melancholy),
usually accompanied by a refusal to tako
food. After three houra in tho red room a
patient atlliotod in thia way began to be
cheerful and asked for food,
ly, and sho muat bo turned to pasture with
the other animals, I would grain hor just
the same, now that pasturage is getting
dry and woody. In this oase it would take
a longer time to fatten her, and you would
bo at a greater expense for grain. Pork Is
high and likely to remain well up at least;
lamb and mutton bring a good prioe, and
the ordinary farmer's " home mado" beef
has got to come to a point to meet the prices
of those.���Dr. Galen Wilson.
Mutton Sheep.
There is a phase of sheep-raising whioh,
while requiring bub little capital to eon-
duct, may bo made more profitable than
any other brauoh of the business. It Is in
raising good mutton aud lamb for sale,
where small Hocks oan bo kept within ten
or fifteen milea of a market. Good mutton
and Iamb sells higher in tho butcher shops
than cither beof or pork, by reason of Its
greater scarcity. Hero is a chance, then,
for small farmers living near our cities and
towns, to raise mutton and lamb of good
quality and dispose of the samo at tip-top
prices, without the intervention of tho
middlemen to divide the profits or any cost
for transportation. All auoh farmera could
keep from twenty to thirty hoad of mutton
sheep at a greater comparative profit than
from any other stock ou tho farm. Of
course, not by allowing them to run out
day and night and bo at the mercy of sheep-
killing dogs, but keeping thom in a con-
venient pasture ii. sight of the house
through the day and regularly penning
them in the barn-yard with the oows at
night���no strange dog ever venturing In
the cow-yard at night for fear of their
horns. Another thing, if every farmer
living in the same neighborhood kept more
or less sheep, such a thing as a sheep-killing dog would rarely ever be heard of���a
pup raised in auch a community,from being
accustomed to tho sight of animals of the
kind, being as unlikely to injure them as if
they were children of his master's own
Of course, a fanner who pays no atten
tion to his shoop by allowing them to ramble
about at will must expect to lose most of
them. But the profit on a small flock
of twenly-fivo or thirty owes of any of the
mutton breeds ib, or ought to be, a sufficient
inducement to any farmer to bestow the
requisite caro to keop them in the beat
possible oondition to Insure it. He would
soon find that for no greater investment
it would pay him a greater profit than any
Canadian Wine Grower* Can Produce n
flood Article ir the Public Will Have
Faith In  Them-
Mr, Thomas Macfarlane, ohief analyst of
the Inland Revenue Department, returned
to Ottawa the othor day after a two weeks'
tour of inspection in tho wine producing
districts of Ontario. - An impression prevails abroad that tha olimate of Canada
will not permit the growing of sueh varieties of grapes as will produce the beet
quality of wines. It was to obtain information that would dissiputo this idea, if
possible, that Mr. Macfarlane made his
trip. He visited tho vineyards of Pelee
island, Sandwich, St. Catharines and Niagara, and expressed tho juice from various
varietiea of grapes, and tested the resulting
musts as to their gravity. Tho tests gave
from !���) to 25 per cent, of saccharine matter, indicating that several of the varieties
of Canadian grown grapos yield as rioh
musts as do tho* French and Khine grapes
from which the Imported bottled French
and Rhenish wines are produced. Mr.
Macfarlane says there ia no necessity for
making any additions to theCanadian wines
in thoir manufacture; provided always that
the produot is preserved and sold in bottles
His conclusion is that thu Canadian wine
growera are in a position to produce a good
article if tho public will have faith in them,
and will pay tho price necessary to supply
them In a bottled condition. The Ontario
grape crop this year has boen excellent,but
many of the growers have sold their grapes
rather than take any risks in making wine
from them, as they are somewhat afraid of
the effects of tho Frenoh treaty. Thero Ib
howevor, a considerable quantity of wine
being made.
Is Hns luteri)  Falleil In E��gUn��f, While
Private < .-ni|irili.,r�� Have Aiulne-d As-
ton I ohl UK Mir re. ���*.
It would be hard to find a more impressive proof of the futility of the Stale's interference with lines of buaineaa occupied
hy private enterprise, than the collapse ot
the attempt made iu England to furnish life
insurance to the masses through the
machinery of the Post Offices and postal
savings banks. The experiment had among
ita most ardent advocates suoh men as Mr.
Gladstone and the late Prof. Fawcett, and
it bos been prosecuted for some thirty
years. How utterly it has failed, while, at
the same time private competitors have attained astonishing success, iB described by
Sir Julius Vopel in a recent English review. Not until 1804 did tbe British Government formally invade the field of life
inaurance,although since 1800 it had engaged In the annuity business, and since 1853
had permitted pbrsons who purchased deferred annuities to contract lor payments ou
death, it boing stipulated lhat tho latter
Bhould not exceed the sums paid for the inaurance and the annuity taken together,
and should in no case exceed 9500. It
Mr. Gladstone who in 18111 mau-
I to pass an act removing tho restriction of insurance to persons purchasing deferred annuities,and authorizing the
Government to iusnro any one, provided
that no policy should be issued for less than
9100 or more than $500, No surrender
values were to be allowed until after premiums had been paid for five years. It was
further enaoted that the Postmaster-General might receive through the Post Offices
money on account of suoh contracts. Tho
purpose of fixing the maximum policy at
$500 was to disarm the opposition of the
private companies, and ic was supposed
that this limit,although low,would give the
Government a virtual monopoly of the
Insurance businesa,so far as the millions of
artisans, petty tradesmen, and people of
small incomes were concerned. Mr. Glad-
atone said ac the timo that never in hia
public life had he received so many letters
of approval as he had concerning this one
bill, and tho Times expressed a conviction
that there were few of even the poorest
classes who would nob be able to take advantage of it.
In 1882 thia aot, from which so muoh
had been expected, waa amended at the in* ,
stigation of Prof. Fawcett, then Postmaster I
General, so as to permit the system of Government life insurance tobe worked through
the postal savings banks, which hod boen
recently introduced and were proving a
great success, He also got tho minimum
single insurance reduced below 8100, and
surrender values allowed after two years'
payment of premiums, instead of five. From
these changes, and especially from the new
working machinery applied, Prof. Fawoett
anticipated the happiest results ; but how
far the facts are from answering his hopes
is shown by the statistics whioh Sir Julius
Vogel has compiled. Undoubtedly thero
was an immense amount of life insurance
buainesa te be dono with the maximum
limit of policies fixed at $500, but thc
Government did not do it. At tho end of
the period 18(1.*)-1803, inclusive, the while
number of Government policies In force
waa but 0,066, end the total amount of
insurance for wliL-h the Government waa
liable waa lssa than $2,850,000. To appreciate the completeness of this failure wo
ahould compare the business doue by tho
Prudential Life Assurance Company, a private corporation selected because it deals
chiefly with people of small means, and
was deemed likely to bo specially injured
by Government opposition. We find lhat
at the close of 1893 the Prudential Company had In forco 10,811,5'JO policies, representing a total amount insured of nearly
9700,000,000. Figures could scarcely bo
mote eloquent. Tho British Government,
with its unapproachable hold on public
confidence, and operating up to 188.?
through 2,000 selected Post Offices, and
since that date through an average annual
number of 8,800 postal savings banks, his
not been able during twenty-nine years to
do as muoh business as is transacted by a
single private company, tho Prudential, in
a single year. This is an object lesson fur
those who would have tho State meddle
with functions which are already effectively
discharged   by  private   intelligence   and
A Gigantic Sixth Knee or Hen Is to De-
rend Upon This Country.
It Is essentially an ago of fads, and the
latest is to the effect that a gigantic sixth
race of men is todeacend upon this oountry.
These visiting magnates are lo be thirty-
three feet high, on an areragc. Both men
and women will have threo eyes with whioh
to look down upon ordinary mortals. Tho
third eye will be in the centre ot the
forehead, as there would ba hardly room
for it any whoro else except in the back of
the head, where it would oome in handy in
deteoting the others making gamo of them.
Besides possessing advantages of towering
stature and extraordinary powers of vision,
the man of the sixth race will be able to livo
much cheaper than the average mortal
to-day, otherwise there would be danger of
his eating ub out of house and home. His
food will bo aesthetic and inexpensive,
As for clothes, he will not, according to
tlte views of theoBophists, havo to
expend a dollar on them all tho year
round. When he wants a dress suit all he
will have to do will bo to intimate his wish
to the singularly responsible and versatile
intellect with which he will be endowed
and, presto 1 coat, vest and trousers will
adorn his elongated figure in nn instant
and fit him to a dot. '1 Ida may effect the
clothing business to Bomo ex tent,but it can't
bo helped. These peoplo will be.doubtleu,
interesting, but thoy aro hardly a desirable
olasa of immigrants. They should not be
sprung upon ui too hastily. Indeed, we
havo many peculiar penple that wo vould
do without and wa don't caro to tuka in
many moro, just at present. Why can't
those people appear In China and take part
iu the present war! Thoy ought to bo able to
bring things to a conclusion. We don't
want thom ; at losst just yet. We havo
lots of big men of our own. That is, of
those who think they are.
Charitable Institutions tn London
The income of merely tho principal char-
table institutions having tholr headquarters
in London amounts to over �� 7,000,000 per
annum, or $,-15,000,000. That represents a
lum equal to half the wholo capital invested
in tho Bank of England, It oxceods the
total revenues of all the British colonies
together in 1884, and it is aa much as the
present total annual revenues of all tho
liritish colonies, excluding Ncw South
Wales Victoria and Canada. If Ihero fa
adde-1 to this sum lhe income of tlio smallur
charities thu total benevolence paid voluntarily in tho metropolis does not fall far
short of ��I0,0W,000,or $50,000,00,1.
She���"Oh, Charlie, papa is going to
give ua $100,000 when wo marry."
He���"In that ao darling 1 Well, suppose
( we get married a few months sooner than
I we expected,"
For   thc  Han  Who  Lilies   lo   Smoke    a
Thore are two thinga which all ci?ar
smokers might observe with profit to thorn-
selves. Before lighting a cigar bite off tho
end, and, placing tho end to be lighted
between your lips, blow through it. In
thiB way you get rid of a hno dust that
accumulates in bhe cigar when ib is dry,
whioh Ib apt to inflame your vocal chords
and injure your voice, it ia a valuable
hint for singers, and I know of quite a
number of professional opera singers who
never light a oigar until they havo blown
out the dust. To tho failure to do this
may be attributed In great part the throat
discuses with which steady suiokura are
Another valuable suggestion from an economic standpoint is to thrust your cigar in
your vest pocket with tho pointed cud up.
Many vest pockets are n> shallow as to
cause the cud of a cigar to stick out c
thec-lge. Tho constant rubbing of the
coat against tho largo ond, which is very
much more sensitive than tho other,cauaes it
to fray and break,necessitating the wetting
of tho wrapper in order to mako tho oigar
available at all. Any ono who will act on
these two hints will livo longer and aavo
Handy Treatment of Burns-
Long before the all-pervading "microbe"
was the subject of perpetual talk it was well
known that a most essential point of treatment waa to keep tho air completely excluded from a buru, and no more than that
is known now. Bandages alone will not
do this; some air-excluding dressing ia
needed ; and for a burn that js not too
large no much better immediate treatment
oau be had (if medical aid js not instantly
ready) then to separate the whites from the
yolks of somo eggs, and paint the whites
over tho hurt surface with a camel's hairbrush or a feather : then cover the place,
egg and all, thickly with rag, and then
cotton wool, and do not uncover till a doctor comes, or till a week has elapsed if no
medical advice is available. This is for an
emergency, if nothing special is ready ; but
in every household there should be a bottle
standing iu an accessible place, containing
a mixture of equal parts uf linseed oil and
lime-water, and tied round ita neck should
boBome rags, while thero should be these
instructions pasted on it���" Iu case of
burns aoak rag iu tho oil, nui cover the
place completely aud theu cover the
rags with a thick bandage." If a cook has
this at hand, and at once uses it for even a
severo aplaah of boiling fab, the injury will
probably leave no trace in a few days.
Age and Sex In Disease.
There are three periods in adult lifo when
one seems moro liable to go wrong than at
any othor timos. Tho ono is at thirty-six
years of ago, wheu thin people tend to become fat and fat people thin; the next is
between forty-live and fifty, wheu tho
appetite fails, nervous diseases appear,
when ono no longer likes to stoop much
and begins to prefer riding or walking; and
the noxt is at sixty-one, whon tho same
phenomena appear more markedly. With
regard to the sexual distribution of disease,
one may say that ordinary kidney, lung,
and brain diseases, accidents of all sorts,
scarlet fever, and lain consumption are
most prevalent among maloB, and cancer,
diptheria,typhoid fever, and early consumption amongst females. The most distressing cause of uerve breakdown amongst
untnai ried women, to which we must brie tly
allude, is that sudden ohange of circum-
Btanoes that ensues when a father dies who
through carelosBnoas or improvidenco has
neglected to make adequate provision for
his unmarried daughters.    Such   a case is
Serhaps more common hero than abroad.
fothing can be more distressing and cruel
than for girls who havo all their lives lived
in every luxury and without a caro sudden-
ly to be stripped of everything, through no
anlb of their own and turned out of their
here to provido for thomaolvea as best
lhey can.
Salt as a Preserver of Health.
I know a woman ( writes a correspondent
of a contemporary) who at tho ago of forty-
nine has the complexion of a poach and the
health and vigor of an Irish peasant ; who
ia out in all sorts of weather, nnd will
walk about all day in suow or rain with
feet and anklos wet, and never tako cold.
How do ynu keep yourself in bucIi splendid condition V i asked. "Salt!" she
laughingly answered. "It is salt that preserves my health. I use it iu my batn as a
a dontifrico and to garglo my throat.
You know, first of all, I oome from
good stock, and um naturally strong;
but without proper caro tho best of health
will nob last. Immediately on gotting up
I take a vigorous scrubbing with hot water,
Boap, and a stiff brush ; then I give myself
a douche with ico-oold water which I havo
madelhick wilh 3alt,iisingucoarse flesh towel
to thoroughly dry my body. Salt is a great
purifier. 1 uso it in iny throat and nostrils,
uud it is tho only dontifrico I   over   use."
Prevention of Infection from Con.
We quote bhe following directions from
a oiroular issued hy bho Pennsylvania
State Board of Health:���Tho duster, and
especially that potent distributor of germs
the feather duster, should nover be used
in a room habitually occupied hy a consumptive, Tho lloor, woodwork, and
furniture should be wiped with a damp
oloth, Tho patient's clothing should bo
kept by itself, and thoroughly boiled
when washed, it neud hardly bo said that
the room should bo ventilated aa thoroughly as is consistent, with tho maintenance of
a proper temperature.
Results of Wearing: Small Boots.
It is said that tho wearing of small boots
causes more serious injury thanisgcnerally
known. In most of our hospitals it is a very
common thing for ladies' maids, whose
mistresses give them their worn clothes, to
be admitted for tho amputation of a too,
the removal of an in-growing toe-nail, or
for other serious troubles of tho feet, which
havearlaon through their mistresses' shoes,
their occupation necessitating that they
should use their feel a great deal, so that
tho injury to them js fur greater than lo
the young lady.
A Dootor says that navvies aro subject
to heart disoaso, from lifting and shoulder**
ing heavy weights.
Ib seems pretty safe lo assume, n.xyn nn
authority, that tho mischief of having
flowers in a bed-room is theoretical rather
that practical, and that those who liko
them in their bed-rooms may indulge thoir
fauoy quite lafoly.
What a Frenchman Believes.
Tho Frenchmen's boliof in their superiority to tho rest of thu world in evory branch
of human activity almost amounts to a
dogma. With tho average Frenchman it
is au article nf faith that if I'Vauce woro
blotted out,not merely the gaiety of nations,
but civilization Itsolf, would suffer eclipse.
Kvery art and every science is supposed lo
take Its foil n tain hoad in France.
Countless Frenchmen, for example, and
M. Thiers among the number, havu believed that the discovery of the law of
gravitation is duo not to Newton, but to
Pascal, and a French author of a treatise
on the history of chemical theory begins it
by declaring that chemistry is a French
science and waa founded by Lavoisier of
immortal memory. Kven M, Caaimir-
Perler, in his message to tho Chambers,
could not abstain from declaring t hat France
was "the centre of Intellectual light." It
would be a harmless trait of character if
it was confined to the pursuit* oi pence
anil did notexleml tn nn insatiable thirst
for military glory,
Mr. Gni/ot, who knew his countrymen
wull, once said lhat there wus no folly for
which they were not ready, provided only
it was a military folly an.l that it wus
almost impossible for a French statesman
to pursue a policy of ponco and not to lio
accused of unpatriotic motives. Hero lies
the danger of lho present situation.
A New Amusement.
Little Girl���" Mamma says I must study
grammar this term."
Littio Boy���" Wot's that for!"
Little Uiri-���" That's so 1 can laugh w'en
folks make mistakes," THE WEEKLY NEWS, NOVEMBER 20, 1894.
Published Every Tuesday
At Union, B. C.
By Whitney a Co.
One Ve.r     t**"
MonUi.      >*.
*n��l. COW    ���**
:���.. lech per j-eiw $^9?
.,    ..   Month       ISO
-With Ml   l��r|t**si-      ��*>
fourth      ��*5
��� mk, .. II..           ����
.-"���.I null(*M,i>-r Mn.          m
-iot.ccs   of Birihs,   Marriages   and
l>.aths. jo cents each insertion.
No Adverlismenl inserted for less than
ill Tertising Airont, SI Merchants'
Exchange, San Francisco, ia our authorized agent. This paper ia kept
ou file in his office.
, NlY. 20,1894.
The present session of thc Provincial
Parliament promises tn be brief. There
ire nobillstobe introduced likely to lead to
much controversy unless the promoters
of the British Pacific are prepared to submit some proposal that will meet with tbe
approval and support ofthe Government.
No doubt thnt any bill that would grant
to it further aid would provoke antagonism and tbe fiercest opposition. Aside
from that the other measures outlined can
be quickly passed. Whether any bill will
be presented relating to the British Pacific this winter is doubtful. We are glad to
notice that a bill is to be introduced to
furnish the country portions of the Province with the necessary facilities for the
collection of small debts. A petition asking for this legislation has been forwarded to the government from (his place and
The News has for some time advocated
it. Here is the legislation as foreshadow-
cd in the speech from the throne:
"Amongstmeasures tobesubmittedfor
your consideration will be an act to amend
the assessment act, a consolidated lien
act, a small debts recovery act, an act for
giving to cities the option of government
by commissioners, and an act authorizing
the revision of the statutes.
The subject of further railway extension
fur the development of the resources of
the province will receive consideration,
and should any practical proposal be
forthcoming it will be laid before you in
due course."
The coming political battte in the
United Kingdom will not be upon the
Home Rule Bill but upon a bill to reform
the House of Lords. Doubtless it needs
reformation, but it should nnt be abolished; nor do we believe it will be. It
*.;tnnot be said to wield a veto power,
but it must be left to act upon its own
judgement and not coerced bv any ministry into yielding to measures that tt
considers both unwise, and against the
vox populi, otherwise it is a mere nullity.
It has not shown any disposition to oppose the clearly expressed voice of the
people. .Should Roscbury go to the
country on thc Home Rule Bill for thc
second time and carry the election on
that issue, no one doubts but that the
Lords would yield. Their function is to
prevent hasty inconsidered legislation,
and a second Chamber for this purpose
is necessary in the enactment of important measures, Thc Commons is impulsive
.i;;d governed by tbe prevailing opinion
which may be largely moderated and tempered by reflection, The Lords is its leg-
islatlve complement, being conservative
and cautious. Out of thc action of both
should come wisdom. Hut while all this
is true, thc Lords should not be an hereditary body but appointive or elective, and
tlie only road to it should be that of talent
and meritorious public service.
Mr. Editor.
Dear Sir:���
I wu glad to seo Id yonr
last week's issue that somo ono had started
to roll the ball against tbe gamblers, or
otherwise called robbers; fer they are, no
more or less. I have seen enough of suoh
people; fur many are tho homes gone to
ruin through suoh villians; and many are
the children barefooted and naked and
without food; poor wives heart-broken, and
mothers worrying over their sons who are
in the habit of frequenting gambling dene,
I hone and trust that parents of thu town
witlaleave no stone unturned till the gamblers are brought to justice; and when they
are tbat they will receive tho extreme
penalty of the law.
Ono Who Has Suffered.
Mr. Editor:
X wu muoh pleased to aee the
article in your lut week's issue on gambling.
It is a subject that requires ventilation.The
practice ought not to receive the slightest
countenance in any community; no mon
should the gambler. Gambling b the taking
of property on mere chance. The only difference b-'twecn it and Btealing is, that in gambling the lusor choosos to risk tbe loss of hia
property. Gambling stands in precisely tbe
same relation to stealing that duelling does
to murder; the victim in each cue takes the
ehanoe of becoming the victor. Duelling is
recognised uow u murder, and is prohibited
by Christian governments; so gambling U
stealing and onght in like manner to be
prohibited. Tbe means adopted���whether
black-jack, pool, lotttry tiokets, throwing
dioe or any other  neua employed (or
aoqalring property withoet paybf a jut
equvalwt ia theft- awl lite uu whs ��n-
ui�� In tha sasaa, whether hn win nr loa*
U morally a thief, beuag gnilty either of
stealing or being eoceeeory thereto, liaa*
T��ugmsn bavinc leal al tht gsmbung
table, are driven/?-* leek of finds, te thn
dutwratiMofrabhirynl thn wont kteda,
and whan oanghtnndn miserable exist	
I tnat tbat the pnUie sentiment of Union
will ht aronnsd. nntU this evil Unmet tnt.
Nat now beneath thy native palm.
Thy charming musk rings,
Enchanting by thy lovely psalm,
The heait of living things;
But prisoned here, because thy throat-
Could warble that celestial note.
Thou sweet musician, torn away,
From natures chosen isle!
How can thy hampered soul repay
Such meanness with a smile,
And 611 thy cell with music sweet,
That heaven's echoes oft repeat?
How can we blame him, tender thing,
For taking such a prize,
And caging thee to hear thee sing,
Beneath his wintery skies?
It was to tune his heart with thine,
And learn those symphonies devine.
So thou, my heart! may also sing,
Though to misfortune hurled;
Thy love her prison burs may string
To glad a dreary world,       [roam
And cheer some other   brans   who
From peace, and love, and kin, and
Some Hiyher Power placed you here
And cat*ed you for a while,
To sing some song of kindly cheer
And make a brother smile,
For passing centuries to trace
Thy tender mir.istcrics of gr.ice.
Jane Frances,
Union, li. C.
TENDERS will be received by the undersigned on or before the 17 th day of
November, 1894, fur the purchase of the
Stook ot Ju. Abrems, Union, B. C , consisting of:---Gents' Furnishing*-, Boot*-) and
Shoes, Etc   For list of Ssock aud tnrther
Particulars apply to the  undorsigned at
talon, B. C.
Aulgnee of James Abrams.
Nanaimo, B. 0.,
Solicitors for Assignee,
November 3rd, 1694.
Assehsmmt Act 1891 and Ame-u-mknts.
NOIICK ts hereby given that a Court
of Revision and Appeal under the
Asaesairent Act, will be held iu the Court
House, Comox, on Wednesday, Dcciuub-w
5th at the hoar of 2 p. m.
Comox, ft 0. (By order)
Oct. 18th, ISM. W. B. Anderson,
A sitting of the County Court of Nanaimo
will be hofden in tht Court   House Comox,
on Wednesday tht 6th  December,  at  the
hour of thnt o'olook in the afternoon,
M. Bray,
Mr. F. W. Robbins holds my power of
attorney during my absence in the East.
99*2m Thos. H. Piercy.
I hereby give notice that I shal1 at the
next sitting of the Licensing Court to be
holden at Comox, make application for a
transfer of my license to William Sharp for
permission to ull intoxicating liquor by
retail on the premises known u the Riverside Hotel, Conrteuay.
Dated at Comox J. J. Grant,
this 9th day of By hts attorney
Nov, 1891. fcobt. Grant.
A   NEW  SMOKt-COr-iaUtttft.
or Laitr to travel nDrteentlnr established, re*
Habit, house. Salary 1-55 monthly and travel*
ing oxpenses, with Inereaw If salted. Enclose
reference and self addressed stamped eavtlope.
S17 Omaha Building, Chicago.
All persons having claims against the
estate of the late John Hetherington are
requested to preaent the same, and all per*
sons indebted to tbe above estate an hen*
by notified to pay the same to John Man-
dell, collector for the estate within tht nut
thirty days.
By order of tht axeontors.
Nov. 1, 1894.
Tenders for tbe rental for five years
of the Carwithen farm of about 200 acres
will be received by the undersigned up to
noon of December 1, 1894.
The highest or any tender not necessarily accepted.
For particulars apply to
W. Duncan,
Sandwick, B. C.
Mr. Geo. Roe, customs officer has
authority to collect all debts due me, and
receipt therefor. Persons are requested
to make payments to him, or to my brother, Mr. Robert Grant, at Union,
99*2111 J. J. Grant,
TENDERS will be received by the un-
dersigued for the purohase of tht farm
known u the Gordon farm, situated near
Courtenay, being Section 62 on tht Official
plan or Survey of Comox, and containing
one hundred and fifty eight acres, mon or
Parties sending in tenders will specify
whether for superficial purohaw or ooal
rightes included.
AppUeation to be made and Tenders to
be mailed either to John Pawson, Nanaimo
or to
O. F, Cane,
All persons driving over the wharf or
bridges in Comox district faster than a
walk, will be prosecuted according to
S. Creech,
Gov. Agent
Bailees t*r* th* Fettle.
Tht 8t Lotle Put Dtepntoh hm Utenet
o4 Hulf ta amoke eotiMmen, and u a re
anl* nwket puhlw 0 devtot whteb un be
Ted withoal ifonbW te any  (nmace.
Ie u-M patented.    TutsU how Kb main
Bon torn Mnth hoUs thsongh fernau
raoH-r riaw.
front, Joet above the Are i*U-r��, ct ihowi.
in ont Ran |*hwh steam nnpply pin*-
acroM tbe trout with finch Te w\*<
eaoh bole. To each 'T" eumtoet a \ t
of fin h pipo of eufflele-t len.th 10 rt
through, forming the j-ie. P.ee-** a val.
In the eopplv p.p��, in front of tnt UmIi-i.
band? for fin-intn to regulate.
A .good mny to make ihe )et la te forge ��
plot Ui Ihe end of the pipe, ta tbe end 01
whleh bore a f U-eh bote, Uellne Ihe
Jets at an angle en n Uot with the centre
km Une of bridle wall, clearing the fir*
The opening of the fin-door matt he
governed nee-irding to the draught   When
���nortoa runr.
putting la a fnab An open the tuppl)
v-tlre ont or two terns, and In plaoe of
shotting Ihe doors, leave them ojien ebont
one ineb, and if tht smoke doee not disappear open them a half Ineb further
when the smoke bu entirely dlseppoaretl
the proper amount of air to oompiote tli.
combustion le being admitted. Tbe open
ing of the doors la wry neeetury, Th;
Urge ana aronnd them admits of an ev*
diotrlbntion of air obulned ta no beuti
The Inenastd eombnetion tqnallaes th-
email amount of steam need.
Thia devioe ia not Jnjuri*-aa to the boll*
lo any way, and Is reeommendod by th
81 Lonls inspectore of tho Hartford Bulk
InaarnuM totnpuuy.
Ulsunlnge of Ihe B-rngat Ceneoe.
Tht report of tht late oensos in Bengal, which hu itut boon published, up*
uu moral beliefs which uithorto have
fouud general acceptance. For Instance;, it proven that the nativu, in*
stood of being averse to leaving their
ancestral villages, art steadily moving
from wore Jen-wly ptopM anus tu
tbotw where tbt population ia lees .*ro��rd ���
ed: also that widow remnrriag-j la practically uuivt'i-sal in Bcbar, Oriasa,
Cbota-Nncpore, and among the lower
cutea of Bwngal proper, and is unknown
ouly amoug a very few hi^h castes
every where and the more rospoctablc
Souuros uf Bengal proper, Tbu report
alao states tbat Infant marriage does nut
exist to any appreciable extent except
in northeMl Behar and among the
Brahmius, Kayutbs, aod other purely
Sou 1 lr�� cut-** of wet-tern Bengal. It
also shows tha great progrtu for
Mohammedanism, which haa incieued
won thau 9 per cent, in Bengal proper
in tbe lut decade, while tht increase of
Hinduism ts leu than 3 por ceut. This
iuct la explalued to be duo to tht deeln
on the part of tbe lower cu-fce to adopt
a religion which Utatn all men as
We supply the best of
Bread, Pies and Cakes
and deliver at the Bay
Mondays, Wednesdays
and Fridays and at Union
every week day.
wedding Cakes a Speciality.
Oysters of all styles. Families supplied. Always have a
fresh supply on hand.
O. H. Fechner.
Union, B. 0.
Tulips, Hyacinths. Crocusu, Daffodils, and
Lill lea now ready for planting.
I-artieand complete stock of one and twe*
year-old small fruit plants and trees.
Fine assortment of two and three-yur-old
Apple, Pear, Plum, Prune, Cherrr end Apricot
Irene, Boy your stock offlnthands. Notnv*
tiling agents, no goods on eomntlesloo.  BsU-
BteS given on your list,  bond for catalogne
unordering. Address.
Mb.      Ml PltaaaatP.O,. Vaaocant. 8,0.
IF ran wish awdtclM ar draas ��**
Tteia-U, B- C. Hall order, feat.
Pra-aMatMcutor. AUcanmaal-su.
Ir-M-artMlreoaM-MUal. Cut tku
aal aataaat. it la j*ar hu toe
R. B. Anderson,
Practical  Watchmaker
Worker in Light Metals and
Gunsmithing and Tin  Work
Dingwall BuHdiag.
Co���M, B. 0.
Wedding and other rings made to order.
Painting, Paper Hanging, Etc
During the Fall and Winter
months I will attend to jobs for
Farmers and others of inside
painting, papering, etc, at quite
reasonable rates. Any word
left at The News Office will receive prompt attention.
���cthton-, s. o.
���--TOT.&J*. JT r'TJBXjIC.
Fire, life and Accident Insurance.
^0     General Teaming
**3K\ and
Oomox, B.C,
When in Union Drop
in and see us. We
carry a full stock of
Drugs and Stationery.
Family Receipts our specialty.
Orders accompanied with cash
will receive our prompt attention
Union, B. C.
Union Saw Mill.
All Kinds of Rough and
Dressed lumber always on
hand and delivered at short no
Also all kinds of sawn and
split shingles and dressed pine
and cedar.
Stumping done at reasonable
rates by our Giant Stumper.
Coal, brick and lime on
hand and delivered at short
R. Grant Ic L. Mounce, Proprs.
Begs to notify the people of
Union an'd the country around
that he is prepared to do
all Plain Painting, Paper Hanging, and decorating; that they
would do well to see him
before placing orders elsewhere.
CO*<r*BX**aTA.T, -e.c
Tkelaading kot.l la Oomoxdlatric^
How and handaosn.ly furnish.<,
���zeellent hunting and labia**1 eloae
to town. Tourists eta depend on
drtt-claaa accommodation. Boruonn-
blo rataa. Bar .applied with the
choicaat liquor, aad eigrure
R. Graham, Propr.
Cnmlmrland Mt Market
Fresh Meat, Hams and Bacon
All Kinds of Vegetables and
Farmers Produce,
Orders from surrounding coun
try promptly filled.
A. C. Fulton, Prop.
Waverly l
I House,
This Magnificent  Hotel  Building
Will be opened lor the Reception ot Quests July l.
Best Table. Splendid. Sample
Hooms   and  Reasonable   Rates.
A. Lindsay, Lessee,
Wood & Kilpatrick.
Having Added to their Own
Splendid Livery Outfit.
of R. Grant and Co
Are Prepared to furnish Sty-
ish Rigs at Reasonable Rates
Give them a call
Funeral Directors and Emdai.mers
Gr.lu.lM or th. Orl.au), Eartka,
aad Ualtoi Sutss College, of Em-
krJralbl ��� \
Nanaimo, D. C.
Riverside Hotel
Courtenay, B. C.
I. Sharp, Proprietor
The Hotel is one of the best equipped
on Ihe Pacific Coast, and is situated at
Ihe mouth of the Courtenay River, between Union and the large farming settlement of Comox.
Trent ate plentiful in the river, and
large game abounds in the neighborhood
The Bar connected with the hotel is
kept well supplied with the best wines
tad liquors.   State connects  with all
Steamers.   Terms moderate
Merland Hotel.
Union, B. C.
The finest hotel building
Fixtures and Bar
North of Victoria,
And the best kept house.
Spacious Billiard Room
and new
Billard and Pool Tables,
Best of Wines und Liquors.
J. l'iket, Prop.
Esquimalt and Nanaimo Ry.
Steamer Joan
On and after Mar. 22nd, 1893
The Steamer JOAN will sail as follows
aad freight mar offer
Leav. Viotoria, Tuwdar, un.
"  Ntuwlmo for Comox, WedoMdar, 7 a. ra
Lmt. Comox for Nanaimo,      Fridays, 7 a.m.
Nanaimo for Viotoria   Saturday, 7 ami
Lmvo for ValdM Island ono. each mouth
For freight or state rooms apply on
board, or at the Company's ticket office,
Victoria Station, Store itreet.
Big Salvage Sale
The Great Sloan & Scott Salvage Sale commences
Wednesday, Oct 17. All that fine stock will be cleared
out at salvage prices. Doors thrown open at 9:30 a. m.
and closed at 6 p. m. every-day except Saturday.
Cash   only   during sale.
49 Commercial St.
Nanaimo, B. C.
Stage and Livery,
Fine Rigs at Reasonable Rates Always on Hand,
,'.  Teaming Promptly Done,  .'.      ;
Puntiedge Bottling Works.
DAVID JONES, Proprietor,
Baranparalla, Champagne Cider, Iron Phosphates and Byrupa.
Bottler of Different Brands of  Lager Beer, Steam Beer and Porter.
Agent for the Union Brewery Company.
0. H. Beevor-Potts
Solicitor, Notary Public. Conveyancing
in all its branches. Office Comer-
cial St. Nanaimo.
Society    Cards
1.0. o. F., No .11
Union Lodge, I. O. O. F., meets every
Friday night at 8 o'clock. Visiting brethren cordially invited to attend.
Wm. Wright, K. S.
Hiram Looge No 14 A.F .& A.M.,1I.C.R
Courtenay li. C.
Lodge meets on evety Saturday on or
before the full of tbe moon
Visiting Brothers  cordially requested
to attend.
R. S. McConnell,
K. of P.
Comox Lodge No 5, K. of P., meets
every Saturday, after the new and full
moon,at8 p. m. at Castle Hall, Comox.
Visiting Knights cordially invited to attend,
John Riird
K. R.S.
C. O. O. F.
Loyal Sunbeam Lodge No. 100, C. 0.
0. F. meet in the old North Comox
school house every second Monday at 8
p. in. Visiting brethren cotdially invited
to attend.
J. B. Bcnncit, Sec.
Courtenay, B. C.
Qeneral Blacksmiths.
Bring on Your Work,
Nanaimo  Saw Mill
��� end ���
Sash and Door Factory
H A Simpson
Barrister and Solicitor. Office in 2nd
flat, Green's Block,  Nanaimo,  B. C
Will be in Union every Wednesday arid
Courtenay on Thursday.
Nanaimo Cigar Factory
Philip Gable, Proprietor.
Baston Street     ���    Nanaimo B. C.
Manufactures   the   finest   cigares,
employing none but white labor.
Why purchase inferior foreign cigars,
when you can obtain a superior ARTICLE for the same money?
Robert d. Wenborn.
Machine Work*, Nanaimo
Dealer in Bicycles. Agent for Brai-t-
mrd Bicycle Co., H. P. Davis of Toronto
English Wheels, Beaston, Hnmber,
Rudge, New Howe and Whitwotth. Will
sell on installment plan or big discount
for cash. Pans supplied ��� Repairing a
G. B. Leighton
At the Bay, Oomox, B. 0.
Blacksmithing an    Repairing
of all kinds
Carriage Work and Horseshoeing a specialty
UNION Bakery
Best of Bread, Cakes and
Pies always on hand.
The Bread Cart will   be at
Courtenay and Comox Tuesdays and Fridays.
Adderton & Rowbotham, Prop
A Baalara, Prop. UIU St., POBoiJi, T.1.19
Nanaimo B.C.
A complete stock of Rough and Dressed
Lumber always on hand; also Shingles,
Laths, Pickets, Doors, Windows and
Blinds, Moulding, Scroll sawing, Turning
and all kinds of wood finishing furnished
Cerlar,    White   Pine,     Redwoed.
All orders accompanied withCASH prompt
ly and carefully attended to.
Steamer Estell
Harbor and ontside towing done at reason
able rates.
Yarwood & Young,
Barristers, Solicitors, &c. Office Cor.
Baston and Commercial St., Nanaimo, B. C.
J. A. Cathew
The Nanaimo Pharmacy
Nanaimo B. 0.
W. E. Mc Carmey Chemist,
Fun Drugs Chemicals and Patent
Ph-sicans Pnueiptions and all orders Ailed
with Mr. ua disvatoh. P, 0. box It
For Sale
My farm of 113 acres, with coal right,
also stock and farm implements.
James Clark.
Comox, B.C.
1. D. McLean
Jeweler, Bookseller
and Dealer in
Organs, Pianos, Music
Stationery,   and   Notions oi all kinds.
Union  Mines, B C.


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