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BC Historical Newspapers

The Weekly News Feb 8, 1893

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Array '/ ? if / '-
has opened up a
Dry Goods
Grocer)' &
Boot and Shoe Store
A  full  stock  of goods will  always  be  car-ted
A share of your trade is solicited.
mcphee -to *m:oo:r/Ei
  X '
We Call attention to our large stock of wallpaper also S case.
Hoots and Shoes just opened up.    A  carload Ogilvie's Hun
garian flour just in
Importer   and  General Merchant
THE WHABF        v-x COMOX, B. C.
Agent Dominion Pianos and Organs. Giant and Judson
Powder *Co. B, C. Potter and Terra Ootta Works. A
carload of Ogilvie's Hungarian Flourjust to'hand.
W. i. Young.
P. 1*. Scliarschmidt.
Also Fancy Toilet Articles
I luve fors.de soni2 Splended   Lots and   Blocks a   little
V, is now understood, the Canada Western will run its track
Directly Through The Property
in pissing from Courtenay to Union Wharf. "Figures low and
teriirt reasonable now, but prices will be advanced before long
and may be doubled any day . Opportunity is our guest at
pP-cut, and once neglected  NEVER   RETURNS
Ottice at Courtenay. Win Cheney, Real F.stateAgt
Dr. W. J. Young
physician Uf Surgeon
Courtenay I'harmaiJy
Ml person' driving over tho wharf
or liridses in Com'"* J1"1''*-' f'*",'r
tlHK a walk, will bo prosecuted accord
ing to law.
S. dwell
(lov.   Agent.
And Restaurant
1 f CLAY,
Courtenay B.  C.
Deal  of everything  In  h'h   line
Always   nn   hand.
Fraser JlTrt r.nas
Stage and Livery Business
Stage connects with all steamers at
tin' Hay.
Also do a general
Teaming Business
Orders may he left it the Courtenay
Hii'-I. or this o��.t.
F.   W.  Hart
tfauufactuwr,   Importer,   Wholaajle
and  Retail  Dealer    iu
i.ARI'KI'S,   LINOLEUM, Oil. CLOTH   ami
f~p" l.irgest Estal-'Uhtnent of its kiml.
n-.Mi.urdova St.     'Vacoiver,   B. C.
Riverside   Hotel
Courtenay B 0
J. J. Grant, Propritor
11 The Hotel is one of the best equipped
on lliii Pacific Coast, and is situated lit
the mouth of the Coi|rten>iy River, between Union and the large farmiii|- settlement of Coniox,
Trout aic plentiful in llie river, and
large game abounds in the neighborhood
The Bar connected with the hotel is
kept well supplied  with the best wines
and liquors.   Stage connects   with all
Steamers.   Terms moderate
McCann & Cessford
Carpenters   *
And Builders
General Job Work
Courtenay B, C,
Nob   Hill Property.
Six and One   Half Acres
on   Nob  Hill facing the Gulf.
Splendid Fruit Land
free from  wind and   frost  and
suitable for a
Gentleman's    Residence
Four Acres are in grass and
the rest slashed. Price $600,
balance  three and six months.
Enquire at News Office.
A t loud shoemaker is needed at Court-nay, He should be able to mend
1-,messes;   A  ma,.*ied man    prcfered.
Thia   '   a snaf  'oi  the  light   mau.
   A  Full  Line of Everything" 	
Grant and McGregor Props.
...   George   Howe.   ...
COMOX and UK ION  II, ,:.
Dealer in All Kinds of Meats,   Vegetables, etc.,
Orders Filled on Short Notice.
The Courtenay Hotel
leading hotel of Oomoz District
Everything first class.
Hates from $1.00 to $2.00
Bar supplied with choicest liquors
This section  is the    Paradise   for
Hunters aud Fishermen, nnd a  favorite
resort for visitors 'so n Ihe cities.
R. Graham, Propr.
Esquimalt  and Nanaimo  Ry.
Steamer Jo m
On and after Aug. 23rd, 1892
The Steani''r JOAN will suil as follows
Lcvo Victoria; Tueadity, 5 a. m.
" Kdtiitlmo for Comox, \Vc<liH]��tny, T a. in
"  Coniox for Yntilon Island, Thura.llij17 iuii.
I Returning n.unu.1 y. I
Loiivu Comox for Nnnitltno,      Fridays, "u.in.
\,'     Nanaimo fur Viutorln, Sutaittey, 7a.ni
For freight or stale rooms apply on
board, or at Ihe Company's ticket office,
Victoria Station, Siore street.
^Esquimalt & Nanaimo R'y. ",
Time  Tabid   No.   17,
To tako affect at 8.00 a. m. on Friday
September 30th. 1892. Trains run
on Pacific Standard Time.
O a
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Og      b    Hi'-iiiirii
�� 3 n ��*"���������.' - ��� ���-.-
C5   c 11 pWaaM'-BJ'
��� < r-
- ?i
���a ��
On Saturdays aad Sundavs
Return Talkob will Iw IsmmhI bulwcell all
points for a faro and .1 tiuai-iur, ro��1 for return not later tliiui Monday.
Itolum Tieki-ls fur un.' uii-l a liulf ordinary
faro may bo purchased ilni'.y to .ill i.uliils,
tiooii for seven days, Including ilay of i.tiio.
No ilonirn TlekillB Isslluit for a fare .nui 11
nitartcr wlioro tjio silifflu faro Is tw.mly-llvo
I'lirongb rates botwuon Victoria nnil t oiuox
a. nussMum,      Joseph hunter.
President Oen'l Bunt.
.*""*"       I' Ooii. Frelghl nmi Passenger Aui.
Society    Cards
Mo'rule's   fuii'    sluse   will   have
tion iiukav fur Comox
nt 1 p, 111 on  Whiinksiiavs, reluming
l.afler la.-f.gl hour.
0.. K.vmtiiAY Ihe stnge will leave
���f'oiliTiNAYlor CoJiox al 8a. in. R.
at 1'Oa. 111., reiuniwi" 0  Comox sumo
eyrn ne.
Leiser Lodge Nn. 13, A. O. U. W.
holds regular meetings on alternate Sat
unlay evenings ,it;7.3o P. m. in ihe old
North iiniox School House, visiting
Brethren are cordially invited to attend.
Ernest A. llolliday
Hiram Lodge No 14 A.F .& A.M..H.C.R.
Courtenay II. C.
Lodge meets on every Saturday on or
before the full of thc moon
Visiting Brothers   cordially requested
to attend,
W.J. Young
------ -
Comox Lodge No 5, K. of P., meets
every Saturday, after thc new and full
moon, at 8 p. m. at Castle Hall, Comox.
Visiting Knights cordially invited to attend. . ,
John Hind,
K. R- S.
Duncan  Bros.
Farmers and General Merchants
* This season, ns usual, we shall sup.
ply farm seeds of the best quality at
the lowest possible I'gures.
T. C. Woods
Cosnox B.   C.
Conducts a General
Teaming   and Livery Business
His Stage Runs to Union and
Returns Thursdays and Saturdays.
For Sale
At Cairns' Octagonal '''arm House,
Sweet uurell ll.ieoll, Hams, E.ugs,
Poultry, Pota oes, Parsnijis, O.iions
O.itrols,Cubli'.g,-, and
Pries reasonable, delivered or other-
Tims. Cairns
For the Comox iLy-
ric Club concert and
dance to be held in the
K. cf P.   Hall
on   Monday evening.
February   13th.
The Programme will
consist of songs and
instrumental selections
recitations, etc., by the
leading talent.
Thc feature ofthe
evening will be a character song and dance
and farce entitled,
4'Mectmg and Parting
at Tillomore Station"
by new and talented
performers, lately come
to Comox.
Price of admission
fifty cents, including
refreshments; children
under 12 years, free.
All lovers ofa dance
will be given the oppor
tunity of indulging in
this pastime after the
By orderof Committe.
Hornby Island Jottings
Ditcription of its  Farma,   Scenery
and Productions.
Itwn- n'|'!cafi'iiit Jay in .Spfeni'icr
tliut i eiii.i'-i'd 11 yomiy iVIlow tn 'row
ne over from Penman l^lu'nl to II irn
hy I*-l;t>*cl. Itilotit ooka y*ei��t w-iv
iHTOftS hut in n tuli of n l-a-i1 (Mid n ttiOl
*ai f**��r of wuti-r it nn> msaliig (lUtiiiiu*1,
If I \>ir<' to gtics-t I slioulil my it-
was !i milen, more or Ics*. Well I
got out of th**.mat an<l cIam*iHi'ifl tifi
onto Pi'i��t I'liipjtM, took a I^n-f breath
ii'hI flit In iter.
I was on U'-orgc Hc^tlier'-etl'* plaw
than wliiuli tlieiewrf not many bettnr
in iliis si*ciinii,|iiTliaps nom*. It Htreti'h
cs al'ii'' the Ih-jcIi for qui u a distance
and 40 or 50 hops h'tvt* b-en P'SCU'-d
frum thi* forest. Ttn'iv an- ^04 aorea
in ill It was p'e-impted in i(J79.
Iionkiii* around I cnuitt d 4 I'om'-k,
i:'horned c-itib-0 tl 80 sheep.. Ttot-
ln t ter were of a Shrnp-h n- varie'y
ami look.'d fimly. They wi-re his pets
Thrt't* yt'tirs af-u h*- nbtaineil a rum,
Hin' HnotUn-m Ottniva which he had
n-c-ntly sold tn W.R.Kobhof th-- Biy
hot had arrang-il with A.O.l'nx of 0r��
g ti, WihL-onain, for anothiT, u oelebr .*
led anirmtl.
8hN-p do well here and th-*re are no
wild ininml* >o disturh th��'in.
I th M took a walk d����t* ��*u*h
to his orchard The encl^ure (tdntaiim
200 thrifty y ung trtca. planted lu.rf.
Amnntf others 1 nnticrd the Harly liar
vt-at, Dutchess nf Ondenhur-j.Wealtliy,
Barth'tt pt-ars and Gold' n Bussfit-s,
'Ihc orchaid wns pUntfil 3 yearn ago
and had n-reiveri fairtreatint-nt. 'fhw
werCHOtne cherries and p.aohes which
as a rule do well on this islind.
Bidding a ��eu to Mr. HeathWIv II,
I turm-d hack ��nd followed al.-ng the
licach until I came to Tom Wlliinns
who looked ao lonesome ti'at I concluded to accept hit invitation and break
br ad a-th him. Me has a ui��- place
a ^ootl vww and wi far as! could be*-
only iwded a ln-l'er half to mak��' him
happy- Ik-.haa lf>3 Hcre-i pbT��*Jtwl
i 1 1HH4 rf winch 20 acre*: are el'-nred.
lam told that he can n*ise pumpkins
watem-eloni <t"., to peif ction. When
that "li'lyjiig machine' which madf
such a had break ivar the saw it,ill,
in rcpnited, 1 expect to It-am of him
as one tit the during airet auts.
Passim* around the cirele of thcis-
laud 1 next came to Wm Sutton's plauit
t'oruerly Westwood**. There are 120 a
ires with a large <-l<-arinji. He��:lc��ied
last yar from a.crab  apple trtM �� 11.
]-aa��ing8ut*on'a 1 came.arer trawl
in-,- some distance to a auhool. The
young idi-its are taught '6 shoot, ut this
p'oc>* hy Miss S.A, Williams of Victoria
A little beyond the school bcu-ie I
m*t n youMi when the following convcr
���ation eiihued:
"How far is it to Scott'-.?"
���'1 wish to call (h re. Is he at home?
"I didn't tee Mm.    Why?"
Tlimva-' too much and I lau-thed
until I could Btic the trees reel around
I soon after arrivpl at S'jot's.. That
genMeuum wi��s wd khu�� in f ont of his
Hai-t* un the ro.vl. Hi* had heen thite
3 v'sri^coniinii from Ontario.    He ha I
II out 3O ai.res dea e', with 8 acres
sieded down. H- is a' wotkei' fn m a-
way buck and I hope |u-*k will attend
his efforts.
I next came to John Howe's place.
He hua 16'Jin:r��'s on tho tMSl Mde of
the island, with a lamn openinu, and
quite an orchard, with good sizeahle
trees, ������ome "f which w-ic Ue-iring
pleantifuUy. Win-ti I was th-Tt* he
wai enjny'mjr a state of si�� gle blessed-
neif, which he haa lately almndon* d
fora mote social lot. 1 hope his ex*
ample will b" fo lowt*d by o h-r��.
1 trudg d O'1, not however wi hotit a
good mi* per ni the last plaui-'aml with
the gathcrng shadows nf night, arrived
at the ranch of D. L- Herbert of frig
land, The plave iaiiow tented by J
E (Jumniings, an active young man who
has asaeoiiipanion.W.T.Orant.a cousin nf the owner. The place is b'-auti
fully KituntHil on Tribuue'Bay, u sph'tttl
id ihtetof water, There an* 1050 a-
ores iu the ranch which present!' a
pirlt like appeaiiiiice. Thirty Run-aMr"
cleared, hut the-e ta any amount of line
pasture. It would make a spl-mlid
HttX-lc ranch. '1'herc was au old orchard
of about 3 acres evidently planted -Jo
years ugo. and some of th" treea are
quite vlgoiOlK There were on the
place aliout loo ewes and 30 head of
horses and eat'le. Thu only drawback
to a very ideal place is it's isolation
After n m-iining over night nnd partaking of a good breakfast, i started
on my circle round the island, accompanied for about two miles and a half
hyCummiiigs and Giant who w>n* out.
fur a hunt. At last 1 reached the ''sum
Hilt" at the south eust part of the island
H'*re my eyes opened upon a vision of
beauty, which only the gnat heightsnf
earth vouchsafe. The (iulf of Georgia
wusjspread out before me in majestic
griuiduer. At the south the water and
sky appimredto meet, while to the right
ami left were high mountain ridges with
their loliy p<-aks,in regular fcHrien holding up Un- fleecy drapery of ihe clouds
Glancing down, a belt of green fields
mens the view, a part of the splendid
farm of Mr. <��eo. l-'ord who has lived
here a score of year*. The water of
the Gulf, as I looked-swept around the
shore in a narrowing circle, shining like
a field of glass beneath the burning
rays of the sun, while the warning tig
gure of the light house showed that
beauty and danger often go bund iu
hand.   1 am told that Mt. Baker can
be seen on a clear day from thi* pnni
But |-t in descend Tiie hill is steep
and unless one gne-t slowly, he may g<>
too fast. At a ulippery 'i ��� e orle wou'd
���wel', never m ml-,1 aim 1 theu besuu.e
where els'*. I succedi-d iu g**tti(ig down
without a slide's ana then* epiiimencrd
to look about. Abo\c rue ������"���re th-
1-eetlitiKcliH'-, ih-* IfOiucof tli/ishtep of
which Mr. Kurd has several hu idred of
���graded South Do'in-*. II: 'as about
1000 acrc->, Twu hu'udr-d aurc*. ..ie
in the flat and ln shape f r u*e- l.e-idi-s
much mure pant nit1 Und. Tb*re his
b*ena pojtnffii hen-f ir nboul "1 jears
and he is th ��� j��i*. m n'e*-, Mail once 11
wet-k. There is n public **haif o.�� his
pl-ici*, an I it is tn-ie wtter'* tin* SW. Johii
s'ops Mei-nv* herein Iti6'.�� wbeil
there was 1 nly, as he leinVn bers, one
man at Co nox Bay ��� CarwUhuu; Hi-
t'usi le-iilfiice wns a mudeiit othiirs. me
distance e.-stj fiom hjs tiitiiiuodlouH
dwelling. The orchaid there ihon"-
thathe set. nboiit Im-)f0.vi ng a: once
Hero is an enclosure of heiw't-f-n 2��ud
3do/.fi upple ne*3 jl-mtid in 1872
1 h-y-liuvu Ij.en well lakvil ,--,,1'<" efi.nl
on Sept. i hung thickly, wilh Ur^- iine
The 1 p-sent rsi-lenc** i* a two stoi-y
structure and is not.far from the I riding. Not far 11 oui it are two brcha��*tls
making 3 in all. The ti>es o*' tl.es;
last areofnourse more you thi" il than
those first descrided, 1��U'- Wero bl'af.ng
Hornby island i.-t making rapid im
proveinent. There is not any good ;
Knd tub" t-iken up lint farms will more
or leas improvements can be obtained
at reasonable prices, 1h�� climate .<���
moiliti'd by the waters of tbe g df which
sweep around it, It contains utibut
7000 acres, and a great d-il has b'-in
done during the last ��ear in roud uiak
in^. Wi h roads, school, post office,
-ft.eainlioa conne^tiou, fertile soil, tine
climate, po wonder thi"-people are con.
tented, and the plaee pro^p-'rous.
Union   Items
La** w ek was a cold one in Union
aud about two feet of ��no.v haa fallen.
Thc thnrmnnii-ti-rs bei�� have become
deiiiuialisetl and each vies with ihe nth
er t�� make it eold, luit thut ofT, D.Mc
lj-*nii out-Herods Herod, and showed
16 leiow zero. \h Ulike IM'.���fond of
drawing a !o g bo*.
Six Japs belonging to the Mines d ���-
serted and w-re arrested iu Nanaimo
as being vagrants. V. 0 Davidge, Jap
anese agent in Victoria, was up h>re
last week to<*nqiitre into the tor ter,
}t *a likely the Japs will In sent back,
A quarrel between the Japs aud the
Chine-e was the C��t4sc of them leaving
When the Union Ooai Company void
* heir store to Simon Lei*.er of Victoria
��� he report was circulated .that the com
pany would carry goods oyer the railway for i one otht-r than Mr. Leiser.
This report alarmed the purchasers or
intended purchasers of lot in the new
townsite. Your correspondent is in a
positicu to state that there ts not a particle of truth in the report, and that S -
rion Leiser will be treated no better
than than other busimss men.
A number of people took advantage ol
thc sleighing. All of K. Grant's sleighs
were out on Sunday.
Geo. Wj Clinton and wife returned
from Victoria last week where ihey were
enjoying a week's vacation.
The Rev. J. Robson goes to Denman
uext week. Mr. Coulter, a-well known
local preacher will preach for Rev. Robson in the school house at Union next
The Rev. Mr, Robson gives a lecture
on Thurday evening, entitled A. Model
Hoy. The receipts are to increase the
building fund for the church*
The Sewing Circle in connection wkh
the Presbyterian church held a meeting
at the house pf Mrs. J.Roy, Tuesday ov
The Rev. Mrs. Fraser of Comox is
paying Union ajriendly visit.
The Sons of Temperance invited the
I. O. G. T. to "tea'' Monday evening.
The member* came, and will not soon
for-jct thc hospitality shown by their
Rev. P. S. McLeodof St Andrew's
Church, Victoiii, delivers a lecture here
thc ttfth inst. entitled-'* That young man'1
Ml the young ladies should hear it.
Local Brevities
Wluit's new? C'ubb.s Cough ure -1
new, e.n-ttjal and speedy.-
For wall paper jjr* to McPhe- it Moon!
K. tif I', ball    20th February
Evr-in.1.1 should become a n.emhM
of the Cbmoy Agricultural Society.
The snow here t;. fast becoming .1
Dutch beauty.
Thc north* pule appears to be shoved
down thii way uncomfortably near.
Send ��o the nftlrc anv .item of new*
yon may pushes.-..
A non���.cited critic is a great nuisance
but'a brainless one is beneath contempF
Mc Plies & Moore arc cntOTUrlsing mei
c'.ants.    Tbey keep Cubb's Cuugh OtiN-*
Fresh Rarrten seeds at McPhee A
Mr-:. fJavirl Pickles of Denman Ulanl)
lias for sale two pure bred Brown f.eg
horn roosters vhitlishc will dispose of |M
l.cn '��� "'���
Wi: receive orders for Btownlee'a com
irtei'ciul map of d>c Province. It is a fine
map and will auswe? alt thc tmrpasc ol
the fifteen dollar one, and ia-ihumeprri
duction    Can be seen at our 1 fTec.
Cubb's Cough Cure is lending in tlm
r'nic-i as ihcsafest, surest, and speediest
remedy for Coughs, Colds Whoopm-J
Cough and kindred ailments.
Thc statentmc of cxptines, under tha
health regulations for the six months ciuV
ing \)ec. 31st iSoasho-vs for Comox Pi^
iria $5501.
1'he meeting of the Sons nf I'cinpcr-
ance at Union on Monday night wan un -
usually large and interesting, lull parti
ultirsof ftTnch are promised us for next
week's issue. 1
Lucius Cliff of McAlHster-S logging
camp bidly cut his font with an axe yes,
tcrday moinmy while hewing an 0*1 yok- .
For Sale��� A good two horse teams
harness and wagon. One of the hnrs--*
ir- a fine driving animal. Enrjutre at this
Mithodlst Service Feb. 12th.
Union, I! a. m., Mr. James Coulter.
Denman, 11 a. m & 7 p. m., Rev. [0I111
Robson. ��.A.
Jay  Gould
One of the greatest financiers of this
or any age was Jay Could, the many
times millionaire. We. know that it is
fashionable to hurl epithets after him now
thut he is gone, but there will come a re
action. One ofthe mosl shameful spectacles of this age was thc wild rush of
Press and Pulpit to stamp upon his dust.
'Ihcwholesome maxim to sneak no evil
of the dead was thrown aside and he
was ostentatiously denounced. The dead
lion slept on while the world shook its
puny fists in thc air ami idly spent itsim-
pot.int rage
Let us look fora moment at what Could
accomplished.   He cheapened transportation, and did much to build up the west.
He left us the example ofa sober, temperate, industrious life.
Me was the lover ofthe home, a wise
and kind parent, a true and affectionate
And he has left to the world thr rich
legacy of refined, virtuous, intelligent
and noble minded sous and daughters.
His isaprominatefiijiire, but if none but
those who have accomplished more good
for mankind were to throw iione*. its
fair lineaments would not be defaced.
'That Young Man."
The Ruv P. McLcod, thc eloquent di
vine ot St. Andrews Presbyterian Church
Victoria, is to pay a visit to Comox and
Union Mines on the 15th of February,
He rtili deliver his famous lecture ���Thn
Young Man���at Union on Saturday evening, the 18th of February, proceeds in
aid ofthe Church Building Fund. H��
will also preach at both these places oir
the following Sabbath,
Further particulars given iu next week -
CHIEF Justice BEG Bit's decision in the
Oscar and Hattie case, while it has more
than realized the expectations of the A-
mericans has to a corresponding degree
disappointed, if not disheartened, thc
Canadian sealers.
Thc onus appears to be on any schooner caught inside Bering s��a, to prove
clearly that she had not been sealing there
Louis   Pasteur
I.-one of the 40 immortals, He is ?o
now and i| seini-paraliicd on one side.
He a'so ii a tremendous worker, and
though famous fur the ,discovci> ofin-
iKUtatlon against rubles, and other almost equally important discoveries, he
yet hopes to live to give to the world re
suits still more important. lie is generally preoccupied and of course intensely
absent minded.
An Aged Lady Gone
Mrs. Hannah MiKelvev, wife of Adam
McKctvey, died, last Friday, Kebrtmi'
3rd. She was 77 yens of age, and had
been feeble for some time.
The funeral took place from thc family
residence on Monday at 2 o'lock, the funeral procession proceeding to the Presbyterian Church where the solemn servi.
ces were conducted by the Rev. Mr. Fr.i-
She was buried in the cemetery near the
"Afi��f tlfs'sHi ful fetorihoeloepa woll"
CAAClub Dance
This Club gave one of its popular hops
on Friday night last at its Club Rooms in
this village. Thc attendance while not
large enabled those present to enjoy them
selves bcttei than they would had the
rooms been crow led. There were quite
enough for thc dance and those present
declared thcylutd a good time.
The refreshments were superior 10 what
was provided on the former occasion but
thc service was sadly defective in no*much
that some ucre supplied a loni* time br-
fore others.
The music as usual was fine, McAlislcrS
orchestra supplying it, reinforced bv the
master hand of Geo. <-. McDonald'and
C.E. Martin.
The dance commenced and ended too
late, bui this criticism will apply as well
to entertainments of this character generally in this -el tion.
The following ladies were present:
Miss McKay from the Mines) and Mea
dames Scharschmidt and cliffe, and Miss
Cliffe and Miss MacDonaldsof the Bay
while Cnnr'enay was represented bv Me*
dames Hooper. McArdle, LDavisand [.
Grant and Mis-U-' Davis Vic. Piercy and
Maggie MacDonald.
The Weather.
j     In common with other sections ofthe
! cc-nst wc have been visited -*>ith an  unit
j Rtiallv severe snowstorm.   At this   writ
t Ing (Tuesday evening) the snow is still
! falling ami i- between three and four feci
I it of course being deeper in -ome places
I than in others.   The snow  i-   dry, aud
thcreforenot levy so that there is not
I much feai ofr iofs except barns and struct
i urcs of ir.suff.ciem support. Nevertheless
; many arc ut work c earing on' the snow
j tearing that when it begin* to thaw there
ma\ be trouble.    The great cold ofthe
latter part of last week is gone  but the
faftb"*- sr->w, with its umis.il  depth   has
the effect to make limes dull.
With moderately cool weather and no
more snow for the balance of ihe month
we should have delightful sleighing,but,ia
this climate a thaw may set in'at ai.y time
and then good-by snow, and 'get ready
for a swollen river. HOUSEHOLD.
My Lassie-
sjoft flaxen hair
Adorns iu> darling's brow ao (air;
Rart;iy hm such .1 winsome maid
Along our pathway hi it holy strafed.
With treues ravtshljr arrayed
Of flaxen hair.
Sweet eyt-s of blue.
A glimpso to us of Heaven'-- own hue -,
Beam on through ahildhootTsjoyoas yean.
You llttlodream thai jure-i nmi (ears
Cause broken hear to and scalding tear*,
Sweet eyes of blue.
Teeth like the i��uiirl*i
Ht-lit iny iliieen of dainty glrli ;
White Stern i'\]n*rii;nronitiBt teach
The lessons she prepares for each.
Guard thou her purity nf speech,
Teeth like ihe pearls.
Woo dimpled hands
Ofltinir imiiatieiit nt f.-uinmtiniU*
On the broad biutlelield of Ufa
Wilh every form of danger rife
May VOU be victors III the strife.
Woo dimpled hands.
Twin fairy foot
Tripping each night papa to meet;
Thul ynu nun ne'er be led tuntray
Or falter by tin* narrow way,
Wo ever fervently will pray,
i.'I'Velilly will
i fairy root.
.My tannic dear
Brief ii tho time wo linger horo |
Swiftly the gohlon day-goby.
All that l-i mnrti'l si nui must die *
Improvotho moments as they ily.
My lasslodoar.
Yea and No.
I.oii'- boforothe baby lips have learned to
lisp their first intelligible words tho baby
mind will have discovered the difference
between "Yes" and "Nu," ao those all
important nimiuHyllables fall from its
mothcr'-i lips. Make up your mind, from
ihe very lirst, never to say "No" unless
you mean it; and having uaid  it, let notli
ing persuade you to alter it. Attracted by
the shining blade of a kudo, the glitter of
�� L-Mgi-t p-i- -f ������-!������ ---, "-. uniiio other article, the litlluouc will ir-ach out its liamio
to nossosB the dangerous toy. You say,
*' No, nu, baby mustn't have that," kuowing
that the desired object is dangerous, or
maybe, too fragile to ha entrusted to the
wee hands. Then a little lip goes down,
and disappointment is very naturally followed by an outburst of grief.
Too often docs thc mistaken mother yield
to the pleading tears ; the coveted thing
is given over to quiet thc cries ; and baby
learns two important things. First, that
mother'-, M No" does not mean "No";
socomlly that it it wants a thing very
badly, the best plan Jb to cry for it.
Now, 1 admit that it is very difficult,
if not impossible, to teach an infant
that the article it longs to play with
is not fit for a toy j but it is comparatively
easy to tench it that when thatarticle is refused it is no use desiring it any longer.
This can be done very firmly, though very
lovingly, and the lesson once learnt will
never bo forgotten.
A Chapter on Wrinkles.
There is nothing so destroying to the
peace of a pretty woman's soul as the discovery of the first wrinkle in her fair face.
Cray hairs may be tolerated, for otton their
framing softens the tints of the complexion
ami adds new depth and brightness to the
eyes that flash beneath them, aud many
pretty women are nover really beautiful
until they uro crowned with the sheen of
silver tresses. The fading tints of a well-
kept and .smooth skin may be concealed by
artifices that every wise woman knows, hut
a wrinkle is an obstinate- disagreeable, aggressive witness, that leaves evidence of
age iu most urtjilcturosquo language, as convincing as the records of the family Bible,
or thi* testimony of some old friend of your
mother's who is always telling everyone
that you aro "just two vests older than her
.Johnny,'' when perhaps you look tea years
There is no such a thing aa conciliating a
wrinkle or coaxing it out of sight on occasions, no dressing it up in pretty disguises
giiii/.i: and frills ; no ono ever really admired its curves or wroto sonnets to its beauty j
no one ever really longed for its coming or
succeeded in banishing It by a cool reception;
it comes uninvited und tarries unbidden,
and settles morn contentedly into its place
as you fumo ami fret over it.
Many r-medics for the eradication of
wrinkles have been suggested by various
writers on tho subject of personal beauty,
but the liest ami surest cure for wrinkles is
not to get  them, for they may bo avoided
that "but" applies to���look at the home
where the parlor is kept stiff and prim for
company, Every stick ot furniture iu it is
urni'ii too elegant for thc rest of ihe household belongings. The plush draperies are
covered with linen lest dust should accumulate, the broes telles and brasses are similarly
shrouded, and only on state occasions are
the members of the family permitted to
wander through " the best room."
When this rare privilege is granted, is not
the worried owner of all this finery almost
distracted tor fear something will happen
to hor treasures "��� She has hough: beyond
her means and hopes by over-zealous care to
make these trappings of woe, for such they
are to her, wear long enough to atone for
the reckless outlay. Is there any economy
iu such proceedings'! She does not got five
cents' worth of comfort out of them, and
has mental worry in such great doses that
hundreds of dollars will not be able to pay
for the treatment needed to get herself back
onco more to a healthy mental basis.
Then there is the skimping ot the table
that some wives think a species of true economy. Tho husband allows them so much t >
" run tho house," aud when he is away they
live on bread uud coffee, or tea and cake,
and think the money thus saved will com
pensate for tho injury done to their digestion. It is to be regretted that there are
men wh.i humor their wives by eating auy
left-over mess at night because they have
lunched heartily down.own and do not mind
so very much italic doesn't, never dreaming
that tins may be hor first real meal, and as
such a very poor upology, yot so long as the
figures in her bank hook loom up higher and
higher she dons not mind thut her own figure grown thinner and thinner.
Ali, little saving housowives, '.earn the
lesson at the beginning rather than at tho
ond. Thore is no economy in doini* without
a servant in order lo put away the money
for a now gown. You will bo too tired i>>
wear it. There is uo economy in shutting
up the best part of your house aud keeping
your dear ones in gloomy munis because the
others must be kept in readiness for com
pany. What more honored gueatcould you
entertain than husband and children T Do
��������������� ��bimp the body to fatten the bank book,
poutor's mils run up moro quickly than
thoso of butcher or baker. Remember thia,
and ben wise liltlo woman, practicing true
domestic economy in real saving, but not
by bringing discomfort to yourself and your
dear ones by a foolish system of pinching
and contriving that will wear you out body
and soul.
more easily than removed, Wrinkles are
not always the aigna of ago, but often the
indices of a poorly-cared-for skin, the nervous temperament of their possessor, the
habit of excessive worrying or continuous
study, and sometimes of the degeneracy of
the race. Italian children of five or six
years often have more wrinkles in their ltttli
faces than a woman of eighty-five ought to
A skin that U carefully and frequently
bathed in warm wator aud pure soap, and
rubbed to a glow all over once each day with
soft flannel or tne hands, preserves its elasticity and is less susceptible to wrinkles.
Tho modern woman has more cares and perplexities and worries than Ciesar over dreamed of. If Alexander had had one of tho
average ninotecuth-cetitury servants to I
manage ho would never have sighed for new
worlds to conquer, since fresh developments
would have nwailed him every morning.
B t these cares nnd worries are in no way
ameliorated by expressing them in tho face
with countless grimaces and contortions of
feature that invariably produce line.1*. The
vivacity un I Hwift-chunging pluy of feature
lo bright, aparkllnc girls m ike- prematurely wrinkled aud distracted-looking women.
Much nf this vivacity and pretty by-play of
elevated brows is forced and unnatural, and
1 tho more conducive to wrinkles.
Another habit, women have is of contorting (heir laces into most ludicrous aud ugly
positions when exposed to thc strong sunlight, all of which, by a little thought nnd
effort, can be controlled lo a degree.
A very hoinliful and youthful-appearing
society woimui, the preservation of whoso
skin is remarked upon by her acquaintances,
says that whenever "lie is going out tn the
evening she prepare! hor toilet, with thoex-
coptionof her dross, wrings a wash-cloth
out of un hob water as she can hear,
miiooiIih It out over her face ao it will touch
every part of ft, an.) lies with It ou her
fnce for half au hour. When she removes
it, overy wrinkle and line have disappeared.
An Knt-li'li lady over titty assorts that
her luck of wrinkles is duo to the fact of
her having used very hot water all her life,
which lightens tin. skin ami smooths out
tho line!-.
Ar other celebrated beauty attributes her ,
preservation to having never used a wash-1
cloth or towel on her face, but having al-
way.-- wuhod it gently with her hand, rinsing it off wilh a soft sponge, drying it with
a soft cloth, and then rubbing it briskly
with a flesh-brush, She used castile soap
and very warm water every night, with cold
water in the morning, and if sho wero awake
late at night, sho always slept as many
hours in tho du/ as she expected to bi
awake ut night.
Another student of the toilet asserts that
she prevents und obliterates wrinkles by
rubbing the face towards the nose when
bathing il, and Ella Wheeler Wilcox asserts
that she can eradicate a permanent wrinklo
hy thc use of almond paste and friction.
Thoughts ou Economy.
Domestic economy can become domestic
meanness without n very hard struggle.
Tho barrier between meritorious saving and
Bcrimpint* is so slight that many a thrifty
housewife really does not know the differ-
once. This very praiseworthy quality, if
not carried to extremes, will result In a well*
conducted household- whore there is no
waste or unnecessary expenditure to replace
articles destroyed through OarlewnOM. Such
a home is typical of thrift, and is symbolical of true economy.
Selected Reoipes-
Soft Gisukkiirrad.��� One cup of molass-
ea, a rounding teaspoonful of butter, two-
thirds cup of milk, two cups of flour, a
teaspoonful of soda, one-third cup of boil
ing water.
Plain Cotiaue Ptdding.���One pint of
Hour, one cup of milk, one egg, t wo level
tcuspoonfuls of baking powder. Bake
twenty minutes or half an hour and serve
with a liquid sauce.
SqCAsn Pie.���To ono pint of sifted
squash add one quart ot boiling milk, one
egg, two crackers rollen fine, one Urge cup
of sugar, one teaspoonful of corn starch,
half teaspoonful ouch of cinnamon, salt and
a little nutmeg.
Ghauam i't'DDi.vii.���-Two cups of graham
flour, one cup of sweet milk, ono cup of molasses, one cup of raisins, one teaspoonful
each of salt, soda and cinnamon, half a
teaspoonful of cloves. Steam an hour and
a half and serve with a liquid sauce.
Breakfast Toast,���Dip each slice of
bread���untoasted���in sweet milk; then in
a hatter consisting of one beaten egg, ono
cup sweet milk, one tablespoon flour, and a
little popper and salt ; fry to a light brown
in butUr; using a griddle or frying-pan,
and turning as ono would griddle-cakes.
Oysters ami�� Trips,���Oysters cooked
with tripe make a dish which gives a pleasant variety to the breakfast table. Cut up
as much tripe as is needed, in rather small
pieces for sen ing, and sunnier for three-
quarters of an hour in slightly-salted water;
then take out the tripo ; add to the water
it has been boiled in a little butter rolled in
flour, and Bait and popper to tasto. If not
thick enough add more flour. Return the
tripo to the kettle; add a dozen or more
oysters; simmor a fow moments and serve
very hot.
Chicken Toast.��� Chop cold chicken fine ���
put into a saucepan ; season with popper,
salt and mustard ; add a small piece of
butter, a littio milk, and just enough water
to co"or the chicken ; simmer fifteen minutes and serve on buttered toast.
A Dainty Breakfast Dish,���For as
many people as you wish to servo, take as
many good-sized slices of bread; toast to an
even brown ; butter well; place each on a
plate, or all in a large tiu ; pour boiling
water over the toast until it is very soft hut
not to break it; on each piece of toast drop
the yolk of an egg, being very careful not
to break tho yolk ; be sure it is iu the centre
of the pieco of toast; a sure way is to set
a muffin-ring on tho toast; then drop the raw
yolk into the ring; sprinkle well with salt
and popper, Theu tako the whites, beat
to a stiff froth ; nut in a little salt, and
drop it In a circle around the yolks on the
toast, leaving the centre freo that you
may see the yolk ; then place in a hot oven
and brown lightly. When you take from
tho oven, slip each bird's nest on a -rami
Flate about tlio size of the toast, and serve,
f a platter is used, set it over a pan of hot
witer to keep the platter from cracking ;
garnish with one-half slices of fried, dry
breakfast bacon, or lay small sprigs of fine
parsley between the toast.
Chicken Pot Pie.���Cut the chicken
into pieces, as for a fricassee. Put it iu a
kettle with enough water to nearly reach
the top of the meat, coxer tho pot and simmer gently. Remove the cover during tha
last half hour uf cooking to allow tho gravy
to evaporate to about a pint and a half.
Three quarters ot an hour beforo dinner
make a crust from one pint of Dour, one-
half tablespoouful of lard, one teaspoonful
of baking powder, and one of salt. Rub the
lard into the floor in which the salt and
baking powder have been mixed. Add
enough sweet milk to make a dough to roll
out. Roll an inch thick and cut like biscuit. Put the pieces ou a plata aud set tho
plate in astoanierovcr a kettle of boiling
water and steam half an hour. When tho
crust or dumplings arc done season the
chicken with unit und peppor nmi thicken
tho gravy with two tablespoonsfull of flour
mixed witli a cup of swoot milk. .Skim out
the chicken und lay on a platter, luy the
dumplings ovor and pour tho gravy around.
Havo "nooks" and " cozy corners " in
your house. Seats built into a houso nm be
made extremely picturesque and inviting.
A small tabic and two low chairs screened
by palms are particularly attractive and,
such places are eagerly sought by those who
may wish for a littio quiet tote a-teto. A
hook-case, a desk and a comfortable chair
or two, furnish a comer prettily, wilh a
table near by on which stand a lump and a
jar of flowers. As much as possible should
be mado of lire phee eflects, aud whenever
a broad low seat cun bo pluced against
the wall near the fire, It will bo found a
favorite place for the dreamers. Another
attractive corner can be arranged ou a stair
landing, if your staircase happens to have a
landing, while in the upper rooms, under
wide, double windows, there may ho loin*
cushioned boxes lhat mako delightful
lounging-placca, and insido these boxes my
lady's gowns aro laid   without folding. ���
Vour Character Entity Bend lu ihc Length
und Shape of Vour Fingers.
Close lying fingers show secrecy.
Fat fingers belong to the lazy hand.
A break iu any line is unfavorable.
Short nails indicate combativeness.
Circles on any line ar ��� unfavorable signs
- Red spots in the heart line indicate liability to disease.
Broad nails belong to gentle, nervous,
bashful people.
A chained head line indicates wantof fixity of thought.
A long liver line shows an excellent natural constitution.
Poehad tho ideally psychic hand, with
very small thumb.
Round nails belong to obstinate, generally stupid people.
Vigor of constitution is indicated by a
long clear life-line.
Soft hands indicate a character lacking
energy and force.
Oblique nails are an indication of de.eit
and cowardice.
A heart line pale and broad shows a heartless debauchee.
Crosses aro always unfavorable, no matter whero they occur.
The Chinese hand is small- slim, anil with
squa'-e phalanges.
A head line very long and slender shows
utter fuithlessuoss.
Alexander Hamilton had small hands,
with very knotty fingers,
Washington had hands of medium size,
but an enormous thumb,
A hand without a heart line shows bud
faith, aptness to evil.
A hroken and a red liver line ts a sign of
a choleric temperament.
Smooth, taper fingers are generally in tho
highest dogrce artistic.
A short thumb is associated with weak
and unresisting will power.
Mozart had tho artistic band, with taper
fingers aud conical tips.
Lean, bony fingers are searching, inquiring, often parsimonious.
The heart line much broken indicates inconstancy in lovo affairs,
A straight line of Mat urn indicates long
life and happiness in old age.
Henry VIIf. had a broad, soft baud, with
the mount of Venus very large.
Crooked nails aroalwayB an indication of
pride, even to haughtiness,
A damp, warm palm indicates a feverish
condition ; often lung trouble.
(Jrunt hud medium hands, with a strong
head line and powerful thumb.
A head lino cut at tho beginning by an
other line shows a liability to disease.
Small squares ou the mounts give great
vigor to tho character indicated.
In jealous peoplo the heart line is long and
runs up on the mount of Saturn.
A palm cool, soft to the touch, shows a
healthy condition of the system.
The first joint of the thumb shows will
power, the second logical power.
A ring of Venus clearly marked signifies
a taste for low and coarse pleasures.
Mrs. Somerville, the scientist, had large
hands, with rough, knotty-fingers.
If the heart line is chained or jagged the
indication is of many petty intrigues.
Short nails on a soft hand betaken a teas,
ing, sarcastic, fault-finding person.
A long palm, combined with long, soft
fingers, is the baud of a natural thief.
Red nails declare the man to be of luxurious habits ; often a drunkard or glutton.
The Rascettes are the lines running around
the wrist and terminating the hand.
John Milton hud a small hand, with taper
fingers nnd a thumb of abnormal size.
A long, strong thumb always indicates
great will power and force of character.
Beethoven's hand was broad and thick,
with strong impulse and well-marked life
A hollow, solid, well-knit hand shows a
strong constitution and probably long life,
Narrow nails belong to the mischief-
maker ; to tho person who delights in talebearing.
Small fingers betoken nn acute, discerning mind, often leaning toward dissimulation,
A good Mount of Meroury belongs to the
preacher, the orator, the musical composer.
Louis XVI., who owed all his misfortunes
to his indecision, had a very small, weak
A whole nnd clear lino In one hand contradicts and corrects a broken line in the
Tho elementary hand is broad, hard and
with fingers the same thickness from root,
to tip.
Straight, good-colored lines are generally
favorable; very red lines indicate a bad
The third finger belongs to Apollo, and
its mount betokens the artistic in the temperament.
Pointed fingers reach results by intuition,
square fingers by logically tracing cause to
Large fingers signify a powerful physical
organization, associated with unrefined
A knotty, square hand indicates talent
for musical composition or mathematical
A life line cut by many small lines indi
cites great nervousness, almost amounting
to insanity.
A double line intensifies the characteristic
but if both be faint or broken the indication
is bad.
The Ainei iean hand is the typically material, making nil things subordinate to the
People whose lifo is without incident,
vegetative in character, generally have no
lino of Saturn.
The mountof Mars is on the outside ofthe
hand, opposite tho thumb, and indicates
Tho philosophic hand is broad, rather
hard than soft, with very loug thumb aud
knotty fingers.
Few women havo knotty fingers ; few aro
endowed with u high power of the reasoning faculty.
A good lino of Saturn or luck indicates
an individual generally fortunate in his
Sioniiw.ill Jackson hud very largo hands,
with strong impulse lino, und head lino well
The artistic hand has a largo thumb,
with taper fingers, often crooked and always pointed.
Hard, firm palms show a strong constitution, capable of much work and great endurance.
Length and thickness of the fingers intensify tho qualities indicated by the mount at
the base.
Over one hundred persons condemned to
death are now iu prison in Greece awaiting
execution of their sentence. The papulation
of tho country is hardly two millions. Nine
peoplo were guillotined in five days just be-
ore Christmas.
Several men who have or.t lived their
greatness are now glad to earn their living
as coachmen in Berlin. Among them are
sixteen nobles, seven retired army officers,
and three pulpitlesa pastors. Three British
notabilities now gleeiully crack the whip as
London cabmen ; they are an ex-member of
Purhumen-, a baron, and a marquis.
Some changes have juat been made iu the
Austrian law of duelling. The punishment
for duelling is always to be imprisonment.
The maximum penalty for a duel fought out
without fatal result is two years' imprison
ment ; for a duel fought without seconds or
witnesses ten yours, and for killing au op
ponent fifteen years. Seconds, doctors, aud
witnesses are not liable to punishment.
Krupp's gun-making establishment uud
tho Unison gun manufactory, near Mugde
burg, have been amalgamated. Krupp possesses tho secret of the manufacture of tho
lies!, steel for heavy gun*-, aud tho CJruson
works havo hitherto produced the best
armor plating in Germany und the most
ofToctive armor-piercing projectiles in tbe
Successful experiments for iho use nf tho
telephone in warfare have been tii.nl-* in
France. Telephonists hnve boon orgnuizod
in aels of two men, each sot being provided
with equipment for a mile of telephone com*
mnuicution, Thu receiving and trunsmitt-
ing apparatus is very simple, and is attached to tho cap, the wire is on reels, iu tho
form ofa breastplate, and thc whole equip'
ment for each man weighs lens thau six
pout* do.
Another long distance ride, tins timo between Vienna and Home, is proposed, and
likely to be definitely arranged. Tha distance will bo about twico that from Berlin
to Vienna. The principal prizes aro to bo
awarded to those riders whose horses finish
in the best condition, having due regard to
tho time occupied in the ride. Many of
the horses ridden in the Berlin-Vienna con
test havo since died, and engraved hoofs are
hciug largely collected as mementos of tho
During 1891 uhout450 moro persons were
killed by wild beasts in India than during
the preceding year. The number killed in
1890, however, was very low ; still the figures for 1891 are about 250 in excess of the
mean. The yearly average of persona killed
hy wild beaats in India is between 2,500 and
3,000. The mortality from Bnake bites is
muoh greater, varyingfrom 21,000 to 22,(100
annually. In one district of Bengal, Ha/.-
aribagh, no fewer thau 205 deaths were due
in 1891 to a single brood of man-eating
The bark Gladys on a recently finished
voyage from Iquiquo to Hamburg passed a
targe iceberg in 43�� south 83* west on
which were the dead bodies of five pooplo,
A very plainly marked beaten track waa
noticed on the northwest side of tho berg,
and a rude shelter, apparently cloft in the
ice. One of the bodies lay just outside the
shelter and another iu the pathway leading
to it. No signs of life could bo seen, nnd
night coming on and tho place being dens,
ly packed with bergs, tho Gladys could
make no investigation. The impression was
that tho dead bodies were those of shipwrecked peoplo whose vessel had probably
been sunk by contact with tho berg, who
hud clambered onto it for sufety nnd died
from exposure and want.
The following paragraph is printed in
several British Indian papers: "Up a
troe," wrote a native forest subordinate recently in his diary, " where I adhere with
much pain and discomposure while big tiger
roaring in a very awful manner on the tiro
line. This is very inconsiderate tiger, and
ciiuseB me great griefs, as I have before
fiorted to your Honor. This ia two times
io spoiled my work, coming and shouting like thunder, and putting tne up a tre *,
and making me behave like an insect. ]
am not able to climb with agility owing to
stomach being n little big owing to bad
water of this jungle, Chenchu mans can
fly up a tree quickly. It is a very awful
fate to me. Even when I do not see ihis
tiger and ho does not make dreadful noise,
I see the marks of his hoofs and his nails
on tho path."
According to private information from
Finland a large proportion of the inhabitants of that country uro perilously near
starvation. Out of a population of 2,000,-
000 inhabitants more than 200,000 are entirely destitute, and beforo the winter
conies to au end it is expected that one-
fourth of the totnl population will bo in tho
same pitiable plight. Not wi tho twilling that
the pinna are among tho most frugH and
industrious of the paoploo of Europe, they
have hard work even in good years to make
both ends meet, owing to the rigour of the
climate and the poor quality of their rocky
soil. During the past summer they have
been most unfortunate. Constant night-
frosts in July, August, and September destroyed or injured the potato and rye crops,
and how the people will hold out until the
next harvest it is impossible to say. Death
from hunger already stares many in the face.
In many districts in the north the people
have commenced to live on bread either
wholly or partially composed of birch-bark.
The r innishSeuato has voted several million
marks towards the relief of the sufferers,
but further help ia urgently needed.
BALLOON  liAl'.OMi.TKi;-*.
Somo Interesting experiments in  he regis
tration of air pressures at great heights hav
Eileiiby Wild BeaatBialiUv
During the year 1SSI about 450 more persona wore killed by wild  boasts  in   India
than during the preceding year.    The luun-
._   H ,������������,,.��� ���H_lt���M �����,,,������������.,    ber in 1S90, however, was abnormally low,
been made in France by M. G. Hermiie. *-��d the Pioneer Mail calculates that last
Small balloons filled with coal gas and pro- j >'eiir'8 t^gures were about 250 in excess of
vided with automatic recording barometers ,the mea��- I*1 one district of Bengal-Haz-
.* -.*._  :j   t      n    r_   _:_; ! D-il-in|i_nn fn--.��.n   -l.,..,   WM   it nt till   vrern
of the aneroid type, as well as miuim.im
thermometers, were liberated in the atmosphere in order to register the barometic
pressure and temperature. Most of the balloons were recovered, some after traveling
sixty miles. The result showed that the
temperature of the upper air fell 70s for
every 260 to 2S0 meters of height. The
aneroids used wero of the Vidi pattern which
ecord the pressure ou smoked glass.
A most valuable help to surveyors, minors aud others will be found in a new self-
adjusting gradient indicator. This instrument combines, in a convenient form, a set
of spirit tubes, two of which are curved in
such a manner that on application to any
given surface the air bubble will become
itationury opposite the point indicating the
gradient of thn aurface to which it is applied. A description given by Industries of
this instrument allows that the long tube is
used fur all indications from 1 in 2 to 1 iu
200 from horizontal positions, and has a
point showing leva), tlio short tube being
used for nil vertical work, indicating by tho
position of the bubble gradients from 15 degrees lo plumb. Thu instrument indicates
at n gluiico and there ure uo purls to adjust
or become worn.
ami* TKLKUHAi'iis.
A great advantage 1ms been made in the
construction of telegraphs for ships. With
the many important requirements of modern
stoumers, arising out nf increasing dimensions nnd speeds, n thoroughly reliable
metImd of transmitting signals to and from
tho captain's bridge and engino room is
absolutely essential, us a luck of such a system would endanger the life of those on
board and thu vouual itself. Tho latest form
of ship telegraph is u brass transmit tor with
gun metal handles specially constructed for
twin-screw steamers. One dial shows orders
for the "port" engine, while the dial on the
other Bide of the instrument is for tho
"starboard" engine. The mechanism is of
brass, gun metal or phosphor bronze, and
considerable improvements have been introduced into thu working parts of both transmitters and indicators.
Abundant food for reflection is provided
in the return just published by the English
Board of Trade on traction work. It would
appear thut iu the list of accidents which
have befallen passengers in connection with
railway travelling, 18 passengers were killed and 01 injured by slipping between the
carriages aud the platform, including 15
killed and 20 injured while getting into
trains. Compared with the number who
suffered in railway accidents���-12 killed and
470 injured���during the same time, it is
cletir that there is more real danger to life
in getting in and out of the present carriages thau there is in making the journey.
In this country thu number of accidents
from similar causes is relatively much less,
but still ample improvement can advantageously be made in such matters as carriage doors and tho height and style of
platforms, and with the general introduction of electric traction full and proper
measures of safety should ho taken in all
new linos and at all new stations.
Settler Murdered by Bkcka-
Particulars ure to hand of tho murder in
n most shocking manner of a settler named
Scott at the Willuroo Station, Port Darwin,
South Australia. Tho despatch, which is
dntt'd from Adelaide, the 7th ult., shows
that Scott's body hud been frightfully mutilated, his head, arms, and legs having been
cut oil', und his head buttered in. The murder was committed by thu blacks, and when
n rescue party arrived they found about
forty of the natives in tho pnddock. An
inspection showed that the blacks had stolon all the provisions, broken the furniture
of the place, and killed all tho fowls, which
were lying in a heap. The remains of the
murdered man were found seven miles from
the station, but the scene showed that he
had had a desperate struggle for his life.
For hundreds of yards the pluco was marked
by a trail of blood, Scott had evidently
been sleeping when first attacked, and had
afterwards fought his way with his revolver
to a tree, around which wore found many
stones and spears which had been hurled at
him hy tho natives. Scott's black servant
was arrested, and two parties wero scouring
the country in search of the murderers.
A Railroad Manager*
Ohio and and Mississippi Railway,Olllco of
the President and Geu'l Manager, Cincinnati Ohio, U.S.A., Nov. 15, 18S0. (ientle-
men ; Recently while in the act of alighting from my car I stepped upon a stone,
which, turning suddenly under my foot,
threw me to tho ground with a severely
sprained ankle. Suffering exceedingly, I
was helped into the ear, and my man
rubbed me most generously with arnica
and kindred remedies, but to no avail-
Reaching a station where St. Jacob's Oil
could bo secured, two bottles of it wero
bought nnd the application resulted at
once in a relief from pain, which had become well nigh unbearable. I was out and
about my work in three days. \V. \V.
Peabody, Pres't and Gen'l manager.
Eighteen hundred girls graduated at the
Bostoncooking school this year.
The consumption of iron in Russia ia esti-
in their strike, after a struggle of nearly
nine months.
Chicago upholsterers have boon successful .mated at about 251b. per head of popula-
         *" ' "  -     '     tion.
Dr. Harvey's Southern Red Pine for
coughs aud colds is the most reliable and
perfect cough medicine in the market. For
Bide everywhere.
According to statistics 21,000 persona
were murdered in Italy between 1882 aud
aribigh���no fewer than 205 deaths were
due to a single brood of man-eating tigers.
The yearly average of persons destroyed by
wild beasts in our Eastern dependency is
between 2300 and 3000. The mortality
from snake-bite U on a much larger scale.
Year by year it varies from something over
21,000 to something over 22,000.
An inmate of the Limbeth workhousB
named Sheridan has been identified as the
heir to n fortune, iu reul und personal property, of ��300,000, This fortune was awaiting* him when he entered tho workhouse as
a pauper sovernl years ai*o, but the lawyers
of the estate could not locate him until last
week. A sister of Sheridan's father, a Mrs.
Blane, died in 1883, intestate, leaving
property aggregating ��300,000 In value, and
Sheridan is found to be the next of kin. He
is an old man. Two sons whom ho has not
Been for some years he believes to be in
We've hoard of a woman who said she'd
walk fivo mib'S to got a bottle of Dr. l'ierco'a
Favorite Proscription if she couldn't get il
without. That woman bud tried it. And
it'a a inudicine which mnke.-i itnolf felt iu
toning up tho system and coir��ttng irregu-
laritii������* *��������� -"on ns its use is begun. Co to
your drug store, pay n dollar, got n buttle
aud try it���try a second, a third if necessary. Before tho third one's been taken
you'll know that there's a remedy to help
you. Then you'll keep on and a cnre'll
como. Rut it you shouldn't fool the help,
should be disappointed iu tlio result s you'll
find a guarantee printed on tho hoHle-
wrnpper that'll got your money back for
How many women ure there who'd rather
have the money than health T And " Fav- ���
orlte Prescription" produces health. Wonder is that there's n woman willing to mi Her
when there's a guaranteed remedy iu the
nearest drug store.
Dr. Pierce'B Pullets regulate the Stomach,
Liver and Bowels.   Mild and effective.
During last year 5,485 persons wore kill
ed and 21,921 injured on tho railways in
Man pardons and forgets ; woman pardons
For people to make Invitations to thoir
house und table, or offers of their fortune
and services, is nothing. To bo as good as
their word is all the expenso aud difficulty.
How does he feel ?���He feelu
cranky, and is constantly experimenting, dieting himself, adopting
strange notions, and changing the
cooking, the dishes, the hours, and
manner of his eating���August
Flower the Remedy.
How does he feel ?���He feels at
times a gnawing, voracious, insatiable appetite,wholly unaccountable,
unnatural aud unhealthy.���August
Flower the Remedy.
How does ha feel ?���He feels no
desire to go to the table and a
grumbling, fault-finding, over-nicety about what is set before him when
he is there���August Flower tho
How does he feel ?���He feels
after a spell of this abnormal appetite an utter abhorrence, loathing,
nnd detestation of food; ns if a
mouthful would kill him���August
Flower the Remedy.        0
How does he feel ?���He has Irregular bowels and peculiar stools���
August Flower the Romody. ��
Cures Consnmptlon, Congh., Croup, Nors
Throat. Sold by all Druggist) on a Guarantee.
For a Lame Side, Back or Chest Shiloh'. Porous
Plaster will give great satisfaction.���as cents.
.lave you Catarrh? This Horaody will relievo
and Cure you. Prlcer-Oete. This Injector tnr
its successful treatment, free. Itemember,
Shiliili';- Ueniedlen are Bold on a -.-uunuiu-u.
Enjoy It.
of Durft fift-i  Liver Oil with Hypo-
phosphites  of Lime and   Soda  la
almost aa palatable aa milk.
It la indeed, and the little lada ond
lassies who take cold easily, may be
fortified againet a couch that might
prove aerloue�� by taking Scott's
Emulsion after their meals during
the winter season.
j Jicware of substitutions and imitatltm*.
J      V0OTT & BOWNE, Belleville.
FOB   BIKStltll-TIO*    BOOKH.    BIBLE*
Amil 4MII M��. write to William UrIgK-,
PublUher, Toronto
/���bub,.-(reall'i-nnil lioitlr of incilldiia Kiit Fire tit anr
SnlTt-rci*. Givo liiern-, ,m,l i'o-i uiiice .i.l.lii-is. IS, ti.
Kill! 1', M. C, 1K0 We.l Adelaide Sireet.  TuiulUu, Uilt
new mum SEffno maghue
ABcnti everywhere.
But���and i.lin there should  he ao many I horn.
To prevent the eacijie of hia spirit, at
death, (toorgo Francis IJobson, of .Muskegon, Mich., htiH hit upon a strange idea. He
has made arrangements for his friends, just
before the spirit leaves his body, to seal
him in n, huge gloss cylinder, so that his
spirit may bo kept from departing, nnil nt
tlio same time bo enabled, by a scries of
eystematiodisturbances of the air within
the cylinder, to commuuicntc with his
friends through a telegraphic instrument
placed in the cylinder,
Thc first cornet in Kngland for America
was blown hyaFrcnchman. name unknown,
and tho instrument lias since, for that
reumin,   been generally   j.tlled the  French
quadrangle is that portion of the
palm inclosed between the lines of tho head
and of the heart.
Tho first finger is sacred to Jupiter,
and is supposed to indicate tho nobler
elements of character.
Very long fingers belong tothe artist, the
designer, the man who phna better than he
can execute.
Pale lines on the hand indicate a revengeful disposition, intensified hy long fingers
anil a short thumb.
Red spots on the nails show the man to
he of very choleric temper and inclined to
bo quarrelsome.
The magic bracelet, three lines at the
wrist, clear and well formed, indicates long
life and good fortune.
'Die Angora goat supplies the hair whioh
adorns ordinary doll's. An English Syndicate controls this product, end it is valued
Whon the Plain ot Mars is wrinkled, tbo
man will delight in controversy or strife of
some kind,
Tho largest needle manufactory in the
world Is in Redditch, Worcestershire, Eng.
Over 70,01^,000 aro mado weekly.
The anthracite coal fieldi produce moro
thnn 4"*10OO,00O tons of coal overy year.
Kansasmines produced 00,000,000 bushels of
coal  this yoar.
The increase in tho world's production of
cotton since Ivlu lias been 2,282,000,000
pounds, throe-fourths of which was contributed by thn United States,
About two hundred load und .l-i--.--.uivo
glaziers aro on strike in New York city for
a reduction of their hours from tifty-tivo to
fifty per week, at present wages.
It is said thut tho host handles of small
tools aro made frum tho wood of the apple
tree, which isoxtremoly hard when dry and
possesses a tine grain. Moreover, it does
not crack easily after it lias boon dressed.
       i -aa���  ���
Tho body of Julia Rooder, a young lady
of lloonevillo, Im],, was prepare:! for burial,
The sign of apparent death had succeeded a
severe attack of typhoid fovor, Her friends
wero gathered around, and just beforo the
final leave-taking, her lover took her hand
to kiss it. The lover wns astonished to feel
his fingers pressed by the hand of tho supposed corpse. The joyous discovery was
h us made that the young woman was alive.
Wild hogs in Velasco, Texas, pursued a
young hunter named James Weems, aud tie
sought refuge in a tree, where he was compelled to remain all night. Two sportsmen
discovered him, and they had to shoot all
the hogs before Weems could descend.
tomiiontry Mlliin*. nnd stops toothache instant'
"   Bold by druggists,
A. P. 642.
Thousands of Dollars
I spent tryini* to find a
euro fur Mult Ithnuii,
which I had 18 years.
Physicians said thoy
never saw so severe a
case. My lugs, back nnd
arms wero covered by
the humor. I wasunaMo
to lie down tn bed, could
not walk without
crut< lit-*, and had to
Mr. H, ii. Kerry, have my arms, back nud
legs bandaged twice a day. I began to take
Hood's Siirsai'iiillla mid soon I could soo a
chnnta*. The llesli heeumi- moro healthy, tho
Hort-N noou hi-nlrd, the scales fell off, I was
Boon niile to invo U|i liandaiios and crutehos,
and a happy man 1 was.  1 had boon taking
Hood's Sarsaparilla
for seven months; and since that timo, 2 years,
I have worn no bamla-'cs whatever and my
legs und aniH nr.i sound and well." H. (i,
Di-iutv, 4"> Bradford St., Providence, It. I.
IHOOD'8 PILL8 euro llvor ills, constipation,
i|li(ni-tiie-'-.Jiiiiiiilli-e. and sickheadueliB. TrytlieM,
Mr. Henry Macombo, Leyland St.,
Rlackhnrn. London, Eng., states that his
little girl fell and struck her knee against
a curbstone.   The knee began to swell,
| became very painful nnd terminated in
what doctors call "white swelling."   She
I was treated by the best medical men, but
grew worse.   Finally
was used.   Tho contents of one bottle
completely reduced the swelling, killed the pain aud cured her.
V.ilmhla trcjiiso mil two haitle* ofn
inly Sultrier, l.ivo 1'ijimt ami 1'iiM in
SLUCI'M er CU.. 1H0 W��t Adelaide Sir.
rllcinr s��nl Fm I.
-ddrrw. T..-
I i.roinci, Out.
SITUATIONS VAtiANT-For   hundreds o
mnnrt yoang men and women who wll
ttiorouKhly proiiiire tln-niwulve-* in Shorthand
llook-keo])iti|-, Aritlmielie, l'e-iiii;in-lii|>. Tyjio
writing, ot'-, .Vililre-is Cullofto of (.'orre-mond
enee, Toronto.
For Circular AddreM
TT Nortlic.it'.- Ave., Toronto
That people would havo boon rogulftriy Ultng
our Toilet Soaps* ninec 1818 IforUMOVen long
v-'i-miftliey [mil nui lioeii (illlllll Tins nil hilo
are not fooU mid do not. eontinuu lo buy goud-i
iinlesn ihey are Hiitii-raotory.
Subscribed Capital $5000,000
Paid up Capital 3,600,000
Reservo Fond 1,55o,OOq
Total Assets li",00.��,oOO
Office, Toronto St., Toronto.
Sum* of 11 aiul Up ward I received at Current
limes of Interest, paid or compounded hill!
ii Kin: mi m* -
Money received for n flxod term of years for
which lloben'uros uro in-mod, wilh half yearly
inleri's. Coupon-* attnehed. Kxecutorn nnd
Trustees aro mil liorized hy law lulu vent In tho
Dobonturo-i of lhi*<('ompi-,ny.    The cupltnl nnd
assets of tbo Company being pledged   fur
money thu*- received. Dobenture holders aro
I- all lime-.iis-.tired of perfcet safety.
J. Ill Hill Kf II ISOV Managing Director.
t��|H-|-||M   j
Gives a Night itl
Sweet Sleep and
��� ��� ����� -|q iimt y{iu llL,L.,i DQ-,
'Itup nil night gasping
for brent h Un fenrof
nf name mid P.O.Addrosa I
will mail Trial  llnlllt'l
Dr TafiHiu)s.Mi>-i>u-ink|
Co.. Hochosior. N.Y.       ���
Canadian  Utltcc, 18li Adelaide Street West,
('oiii'i.ii'iHi; the aniily-
Bla Willi ol hern, St. Leon
IS the mosl remarknhio
in the world, Tho tern I-
niony of those,*! know
eiirotl of ili-iM-i's my
own experience la its
use, l nm forced io tbo
conclusion that St. I.enn
Is tllO most remiirKahlu
cninliiiinliun ot miuer-
nN itl n w;iler In (bo
world. Jiime-. (Iren-
Rt.l^on Minernl Water
Co., Ltd., Branch olllco,
UQ xongo Street,
Sheet Music, Music Books, Guitars,
���Banjos, Violins, Acoordaono and all kind
or Band Instrument*. Tbolargo-tttitoekiD
Canada to choose from.
(let our price-) before purchasing el-*;where
and tiavo money.
���.RUT* MB AlltMi-u ���--��������     ���-. ������������ ��	
n lloot or Shoo that doc*
not fit.   Why punl-di your
ulf inatlumptlng to form
our foot to about, or shoe.
Wo mako   our
ont�� nnd SIiooh
Auk for tho J, D. King & Co., Ltd., perfoct fit
ting goods, and bo happy,
Have You
etores the souse ol smell, and drives away tho
PULL HEADACHE experienced by all who hnva
Catrirrh. One bottle will work wonders. Price
GUc. at Druggists,  Bout by mall on receipt of
prlco by addressing
*pj Why be troubled witb PILES  IX.
��� BROTUM^Sfl-ANU8 "T'u "'������ CLARK'S
*��� PILE OlRTmENTlllvo. liiimudinto rcllof?
���"���in the bands of THOUSANDS it hna i.rovod
porfoctly lnv.lu.bIo. // Never Fails.wca la
cases nt Ion. ataii.llnff. Prise $1,00 at Drunnlsta
Sent byiu.lt on receipt otprloa by ad,lr..saitlfi
ftttoniOuilTIONlHIIT.   _
Ut Mi Oftin What 1111011
 -,-.,_-,  On RiieiftorAhswehs,
BtLioT What ii liginain. Wiu Send Vou
 ire lENr BY MAIL, Registered,
���.��� Bsnd fluunpfwniustreuailool- '
���gtOIML Machinist, I34Kinc StreetW.. TORONTO
John Bull steel Plata Range.
Bo nuro and aoo tlio oloigant Nlovo Imforo buy
Inniinyoilier,  Sold by till loading ilouloiu
Mnnfd by E. A V. (lurnej <��������� Toronto- r
Suocess In Dairying-
Every dairyman should at all times claw
himself'as a Student ot the industry, and,
more than thi*?, he should not confine his
studies to books and papers, for, ut the
stable and pasture, thera is ever nn unfolding lesson that, if subjected to close scrutiny, will be of value tothe tanner, Sue-
cess oomsa quite as much from noticing the
little dotaili of dairying, and classifying
them according to cause and elTecttosecure
the desired results, u- in complying .vith
the more prominent rules lhat are quoted
as lying at the foundation ol dairy success.
The dairyman who watches closely the
habits and doings of tho cows of Ids herd,
will soon see that success in a great measure
is the result ofa fixed set nf regulations
that are to im observed and made part and
parcel of the daily round. These things
must bo made individual to some extent, so
as to fit each and every cow, for what is
adapted to one cow, is not just what some
other cow will require to make her comfort
complete During the past summer 1 have
had this in mind, and for years for that
matter, and 1 find that io far as the details
aroconcerned, that the closer we approach
a certain lino of regularity, tho more marked the success.
In the first placo the stable should never
bo allowed to get tn disorder, but bo kept
clean and tidy, and above all, whitewashed,
ami thc cobwebs swept down ; ami it will
be found that sprinkling the gutters each
few days wilh that cheapest of all disinfectant!,, road tin*-!, vill givu the
b'-rn (-.healthy tone, that will repay over
aud over for tlio little trouble that
it requires. While it may be true that it
docs not directly pay to fuud the cows grain
through tha summer, it docs pay in other
ways, notably having llie cows form the
habit of coming from thn pastures, of thoir
own accord, towards milking lime, und replaces the tiso of a dog. The grain ration
may bo very small, ono pound of reconds
each, will be amplo am! is best fed at
night. This year I fed oat dust, a product
of the oatmeal mills, costing about $7.50
per ton, and from it secured very favorable
results, It is also a good plar to have each
cow have her own tying place, aud maks it
a home, and see that sho is tied to no other
placo. Keep thc manger clean, even if
some day it does require you to go at it
with an old broom nnd hot water. A cow
never objects to dining oh" a ������lean plate.
Feeding before milking is, I think, a good
plan with the summer niesB, but in winter,
when feeding full rations, it is better to feed
after milking, so as to givo the cows timo
to oat, nnd not interfere with the work of
the milkers, as cows need, as a rule, more
time to eat than it Is possible to allow, and
then the cowti soon fall into tho habit of
voiding when being milked, which is a, great
nuisance when thero are forty cows to milk.
When it is possible, thero should bo a tank
of water in tho yard where thc cows can
get their Ull before going into tho stalls. It
is surprising how much water a dairy will
consume in summer in this way, oven where
the pasture is abundantly supplied with
springs and running brooks, and in tho
winter, a galvanized iron trough, fastened
to the inside trout of iho manger, kept filled with water, will be paying investment.
Regular hours for milking should ho observed, and tho same persons should milk
the flame cows, though il will bo observed
that sonic cows tako   a dislike to certain
fiorsons, and do not readily give '-heir milk,
ii whicli case make a change, and Bee if the
whims of tin* cow, when gratified, do not
result in increased milk. Cows like a change
of grain occasionally, and now and then a
cow will not eat a certain kind, in which
case humor her, to- forcing a cow to do
what sho takes exceptions to, never results
in an increased flow of milk. Talking, or
boisterous procci dings in a stable where
milking is goin-.' on, should never be allowed, mid anything that excites a cow or
attracts her attention from the process of
milking, is suro to cause Icsb milk, and
while the excitable cow, and the ono that is
ever on the alert, aro sure lo give the most
milk, there is no reason in tho world why
mtlkero should cultivate these traits.
Pet 1 hu cows, and make Ihcm understand
that you are their friend, and have no
occasion to dog, or worry thorn- muoh Itss
maltreat them, to show that yon aro their
master. A iititl brush mid a spring curry-
comb, are iu the nature of connecting links
between owner and cow iu the way of con
fldenoe, though different cows have different
way* of expressing their feelings. No one
over made a cow better by brutal treatment,
though many n cow, by heredity and early
environment, has been mado vicious. Treat
such as well as one may, they will he treacherous. Tho cow's love for warmth should
lie humored. It is only the cow's response
to an instinct lhat tells her that milk gi\ inL
and coht aro never allied ; and lhat the man
who best recognizes this tact, and provides
warm sheltered nooks in tho yards, and
warm, well lighted stables, will beat succeed in his undertaking. Cows, ns a rule,
aro not stabled early enough in the fall,
and, in practice, a cow that is a little hungry
will do better than one that is cold, and a
warm stablo is to bo preferred to a night's
occupancy of a field of good feed, if the
wind is   raw and   cold. ' There   are some
f;eneral principles to bo observed in dairy*
ng, but quite as much depends upon the
little things that every man must observe
and put in practice lo achieve success.
Training Colts-
A colt's education should begin tho first
woek of its life. Then its disposition is formed better than at any other time, it is most
easily Impressed, and bus not acquired a tendency to resist. Whatever is taught then,
the colt falls direct into, ami it becomes, in
a manner, instinctive. The young animal
has nothing to unlearn afterwards, if this
education is begun in lime- and is kept up
constantly. Young >olis trained for the
track, aro put to work at two years old, and
run races ; a Hort of work that requires
much more difficult management than the
ordinary work of ihe 105.1, or the ti Id. The
farm horse may by taught anything the
owner wishes before this age, mid may cam
its living ai light work before iii- two years
old. A regular comte of gentle and kind
training is inrilftptmrable, The first lesson is
the use of llie bailer ami thu coiiliuemeul
by ti. If it Is lied Up in a-.mall stall near
thoilam, ami tot loose twice during llie day,
and all night, and taught to bo lead, the
greater part of its education has been accomplished. For the whole of nils consists
in subservience to its flwuor'i will, which is
the objeci ami result of education. When
this hits been done, everything alter comes;
as a matter of course, if no mistakes are
made. The animal should never be frighten
c 1 or whipped. There is no use for a whip,
at any time, with a, well trained wotk horse.
Indeed it is injurious with many naturally
high Bpirilcd Iioiscb. lu the ubc of a saddle
or harness, a perfect tit is indispensable, as
the principal idea rum.ing all through the
training is that nothing nhall be disagreeable or painful lo the animal. Thus by gradual tooohlng, its duty and business ure
learned, and it understands what jb required
ol it. It is naturally willing to obey, and
Is pleated to work when it lias never been
hurt by it. But when its education is considered complete, it should not be suspended, for, liko that- of a man, it goes ou continually, some new experience coming up at
times that calls for the good management of
the horse's owner.
Improved Method of SlaaE*htering Hoep.
There IB no necessity to havo 0 crowd of
men about, to kill ami dress a few hogs.
There is no reason why a humor with his
dozen pij.8 may not make use ol some of Ids
simple mechanical appliances that are used
by tho great slaughterers. Of course it is
notsuggeatcd tli.it- he i-hould have any costly
apparatus, but thote nicsoiuo read Ily-made
devices by which 0110 man may do as much
as threo or four, ond, with one helper, the
dozen pigs may be made into finished pork
between Iii-eiik fa)-111 nd dinner, and without
any excitement or worry or hard work.
ft is supposed that the pigs are ina pen
or pens, whero they may bo easily roped by
a nooBe around nuo bind leg. This being
done the animal is led to the door and guided into a box, having a slide door to shut it
in. Tbo bottom of the box is a hinged lid.
As soon as ihc pig is safely in the l-ox and
shut in by sliding down the back door, and
fastening it by a hook, the box is turned
over, bringing the pig on hia ha. k. The
bottom of the box is opened immediately,
and one seizes a hind foot, to hold the aui-
mul, while the other Bticka the pig in the
usual manner. The box is turned aud lilted
oil from the pig, which, still held by the
rope, is guided to the dressing bench. All
this is done while the previous pig is being
scalded and dressed, or at such a part of tbe
work that as soon as one pig is hung and
cleaned, the next one is ready for tbe scalding.
The scalding vat is a wooden box with a
sheet irou bottom, so that a small fire may
be kept under it to maintain the proper
heat of the water. Thia is ISO degrees
Fahr. or 8ii�� C.   Or the vat may be re-
{ilenished with hot water from au adjacent
toiler. This vat is placed close against the
dressing table, so that tho carcass may be
rolled on to a barred table that is immerse 1
in the hot water the full depth. Thii
barred table may he made in various ways.
I>. may consist of slats, fastened at each end
and the middle to chains, by strong maples
so that it is pliable, ami the hog may he
embraced by it and easily turned out of the
water by two short rope handles or one attached to a pulley block or a bar over it.
As tho carcass is dressed It Is lifted hy a
hook nt the end of a swivel lover mouulcd
on a post and swung around to tbo hanging bar, placed conveniently. This bur has
sliding hooks, made to receive the gamhrel
sticks which have a honk permanently attached to each so that the carcass is quickly
removed from the swivel lever to the slide
hook on the bar. The upper edge of tho
I ur is rounded and smoothed nnd greased
to help tho hooks to slide on it. This serves
to hang all the pigs on the bar until they
aro cooled. If four persons are employed,
this work may go on very tpiickly, us they
may divide the work between them, aud
ono pig be scalding and cleaning whilo
another is being dressed. Tho entrails
should be dropped into a wheelbarrow, as
they are taken from the animal.
When ten or twelve pigs are dressed every
year it will pay to have a suitable building
arranged for it. An excellent placo may bo
made in the driveway between a double
corn crib, or in a wagon shed or an annex
to ttio bat n whero the feeding pen is placed,
The building should have a stationary boiler
in it, and such apparatus us has been suggested, aud a windlass used to do the lift*
Praotioal Joints.
It improves composts to dig down and
repile two or three weeks previous to applying to land.
The best manure for permanent pastures
is a top dressing cf ground bone. From
twelve to fifteen hundred pounds an aero
will show permanent effect for seven or
eight years following.
A good way to reduce bones for fertilizing purposes is to break them into fragments and place in layers in a heap of fermenting manure���fresh manure from the
stables, for uxrmple.
Never use the land roller when tho
ground is damp enough to become impacted, is good advice, hut to the grain grower
be sure to use it when tho ground is in proper condition, is equally us good.
Painstaking French farmers not infrequently select tho finest heads of grain,
from which they raise whht may be called
mother-plants, as sources of future seed.
Generally the heaviest heads aro laid aside
for the purpose.
In a irip over thc country one will see
mowers, harvesting maciiines, threshing
outfits and other expensive machinery just
where it was last used, taking the weather
as it comes. This kind of experimenting is
all done at the purchaser's expense.
Generally the best profits from tho farm
can be derived by growing a variety of
crops, and then feeding them out to a variety of stock on tho farm and marketing.
In this way the risks of failure are lessened
and its various products can bo used to the
best advantage.
Farmers will spend a day at somo convention denouncing tho railways for charging*
them threo cents for carrying them a milt-
in tive minutes, and say not a word about
the awful condition of the roads that makes
it cost them ��-* to transport a load over a
mile iu an hour.
Theory is good, but practice is better.
It* is easy to tell how a thing should lie
done, but the only way to tell is to go to
work and do it. We may read all wo can
and Btill know very Utile about the care of
stock. We can only sain a practical knowledge by actually caring for them, and iu so
doing wo shall learn tho true value of theories. A theory which may be all right
with ono person when reduced to practice
may prove a fiat failure when tried by
Every farmer should keep a hand and
team at work all tho year around in collecting material for manure, making compost
and hauling tho same to tho fields. One
industrious hand and a good team so employed would do more good 011 a farm in
the course of a twelvemonth than any two
men otherwise engaged.
Waul of insufficient shelter on the farm is
a great source of loss in many directions,
Thousands of dollars aro lost annually by
allowing wagons, mowers, plows, etc, to
stand exposed to ruin and sun. Similar
tosses are entailed foe lack of stock sheds in
winter. Oftentimes much of the crop is
lost tor the lack of a good roof over it after
it is harvested.
We are inclined to believe that much of
the so-called winter killing of clover iB due
to the fact that the clover fields are too
closely cropped by live stock until late in
the fall. Hence, the plant is left with
liudly any top or crown to protect tho roots
through the winter. We believe if the
clover were left to grow up after tho first of
October, and all live stock kept oil*, thero
would be less complaint of winter-killing.
A good farmer will never undertake to
till moro land than ho can thoroughly cultivate. It is the aim of many farmers to
get as many acres iu crops as possible, giving no attention lo the matter of how they
are put iu. For instance, ouo nisu will.put
in fifty or sixty acres nf wheat, while his
neighbor will put in thirty and got as many
bushels, and perhaps moro. Now, the
farmer should bear in mind that) woll tilled
land ia constant!) improving, white half
tilled land is growing poorer every day.
Lost: Pir-iF. statiotv. cver the wire that a landslide hail occurred
  between him and Lone Pine, and tin trains
The Sevr .4-*ont mi n Woman, bat Bhi wouj-) bo able to put It*before-next day:
R-SOW Her BMlueu- l Tlirllltni* 'J*|ljB> you will observe, cut Lone fine off on
Frontier Slapy. i the east, and it held the bridge train at my
In the building of Ihe first great trunk | Station.    I turned in about 11 o'clock, with
Hue of railroad acro-s the continent upward | the rain coming down us if everytlimgwas
of lU.OU') men were killed by the Indians or
Mrs. <��� VIMerssr in-it-oli has it DclDcmte
Ciit-iiunlrr HIII111 Trnm**.
A Detroit despatch says:���Mrs. 0. Wi!*
dem, had a rather novel encounter with a
tramp early Saturday evening. While preparing supper she heard a rap on the door,
ami on opening it was confronted by an individual whose dirty and ragged appearance
showed unmistakably that bis utomaeh was
bis only worry. Without dolay he repeated his oft told story of how he was unable
to find work and wound up with an
appeal for something toeat, Mrs. Wildern
felt sorry for tho man and invited him into
tho house to have some food. Mr. Tramp
waa uot slow to accept the invitation, und
while he Bat waiting for his -meals, ho noted
that the woman was alone in the houso.
Mia. Wildern prepared something for him,
and as shotiirnod to go into tho kitchen again
the tramp suddenly jiimpeil up aud grabbed
her. The frightened woman ecrcamod and
with Bome difficulty fought herassailnntoff.
-She then picked up an umbrella, the only
weapon bandy, and dealt tbe man a number
of blows on tne head. The tramp began a
hasty retreat for the door, but beforo he got
out of the house, Mrs. Wildern became exhausted by her previous exertions and fainted. The man noticed a poiiketbock on the
table and took what money there was in it,
amounting to about ?5. He then made hia
escape. Mrs, Wildern recovered a short
time afterwards, none tjhe worse for her battle.
met death through sickness or accident.
During the first three or four years of train
service tramps and toughs and terror.* made
life a burden for all train conductors, and
the small stations wero entirely at their
mercy. There were plenty of telegraph
operators out of a job who could not be induced to take a lone station at any Balary,
and sometimes the company had I o send
three men toaatation where thero waslittle
or nothing for one to do.
Lone Pino station was up in the mountains, just at the east end oi a long stretch
of snow sheds. It was thirteen inilca from
Bad Creek to the west and eleven from Big
Kock to the east. The names of these
station*, together with dozens of others,
havo since been changed. At the dale I
write of n mail named Clark bad (he Big
Hock station. 1 had Bad Creek, and a new
agent aud operator had just taken possession
of Lone Pino, That, station bad been vacant
for a week. It had been held by a young
man named Hood for about three months,
but one night he waa found dead and robbed
���the work of iho lawless element then
overrunning the West, The first news I got
from thu new ngent came from herself
over thu wire ouo day, and this is what she
"Allow mo to Introduce myself as Mrs,
Hadley, the new agent ut Lone I'ine, lam
just out from Chicago. Charming place
this, and I know I shall like it. Hopo to become bettor acquainted."
I found out later ou that sho was a widow*
about L'O years old, good looking, well educated, aud possessed plenty nf courage and
common sense. Just why sho didn't do as
most other young widows do was no one's
business but her own. Finding that she must
earn her own living, sho learned telegraphy,
and came down tha road in search of a place.
Thoy didn't want to give her the station at
Lone I'ine, but she was an persistent that
she was finally installed. As at many other
Btations sho had to gather htr own firewood
and cook her own provisions, and thore wero
many annoyances to be encountered.
Clark and I were both knocked out to
find that a woman had been sent to Lone
Pine, Had it heen a man we should have expected him to take care of himself, but as It
was we couldn't help but worry. There was
hardly a day that we didn't have to drive
some tough out of our houses at the muzzle
of a shotgun, and both of us had twice been
held up uud cleaned out by gangs. Her
station waa even more isolated, and though
her sex might he respected by Bome, there
were men abroad ns wicked as the old-time
pirates. In response to our inquiries sho
assured us that she had been provided with
the regular outfit of weapons by the company, und that she Bhould not hestitate to
shoot if she found it necessary.
It was in May when the little woman
took possession. In describing her I did
not say that she waslittle, butsuch was the
fact. Her weight was not over 100 pounds,
and she looked moro like a girl of 1(1 than a
woman of 26. I got a chance to run tip and
see her one afternoon in the month, and
found her nicely settled. She had heen
more or lesB annoyed by roughs, but there
had been uo occasion to test her nerve as
yet. I found her double-barrelled shotgun
loaded with buckshot and her navy revolver
ready for business, and she assured mo that
she should nut hesitate to fire upon any man
who menaced her safety.
I went home mucn relieved in mind. Outside of tiie fraternal feeling sostrong among
the brotherhood of the lt*.y, thero was some*
thing in the thought of that little woman
being perched up there alone among the
grim hills and wild forests calculated to
keep a man awake when heshould be sound
asleep on hia cot. The first alarm camp one
night early in July. In the forenoon of that
day two very rough-looking men had eotno
up tho track from the west. They halted
at my station to eat. I might have given
them a bite hud they requested iuslead of
demanded ; but when I saw thut they meant
to piuk a quarrel ..nd have an excuse for
assaulting and robbing me I brought out tho
shotgun and obliged them to walk on. As
soon as they were out of sight I notified the
little woman at Lone Pine to look out for
them. She replied that she would, and up
to 10 o'clock at night I heard from her
every hour, but the tramps had not put iu
au appearance. It was 11.30 o'clock and I
wus sound asleep when I heard Lone Pino
call mo over the wire, I rolled off iny cot
and ran to the instrument and asked what
was wanted.
" The trampa aro here I" was the reply.
They aro knockins on the door and ask
ing for food and "heller."
*' But don't let them in. Get down your
shot-gun, lay it across tho table, with the
muzzles pointed at the door, aud if they
break in pull both triggers 1 *'
"They are curaingmo and declaring they
will sit the cabin on fire if I don't open tho '
door!" teleg'aphed the littio woman a
moment later.
If yon open tho door they will murder !
yon !   You have a sliding window to the
right of your door, if I remember right ? "
�� Yob."
" Take your revolver, slide the sash back,
and tire ujon the fellows ! "
" 31ut I may kill ono of them !"
"That's what yen want to do���both, if
possible! If you show auy fear of tluui
they will batter the door in, and then Cod
help yon!"
"It's awful to shoot������"
Thou came a break.   I knew that the
follows were making somo demonstrations
which obliged her to act, and during the
11e.il sixty seconds I lieardevery beat of my
heart.    Then came the tremulous message :
"1���I've shot ono of them, and what���
what���shall I do about it T''
'* Did you fire frun the window?"
" Yes."
Don't do  anything   except wait and
eh.    If you've hit ono thu other will
likely mako oil'.    If ho trice 1.0 get in, however, give him the same dose.   Do you hear
him aboutV
No; I think he's moved off, but the
one I shot is groaning and taking on awfully."
"Let him groan. You'll have a train
from tho oast in thirty-Jivo minutes. Keep
me advised, "
I had two more messages beforo tho train
reached her. One was that the imiu had
eccsod to groan and was probably dead, and
tho other wus (hat tho other tramp had
tried to burst open the door but had been
driven oft' by her firing one barrel of hor
shotgini into it from her side. When the
train rolled in a dead man was found at thc
door and a wounded one lying on thc ground
a few yards away. There wasn't any inquest on the dead. The body was carried a
lew miles west und dropped into a gulch,
d the wounded man who had half a dozen
buckshot in his shoulder, was turned over
to the tii'st sheriff. Tho little woman's adventure made her a heroine for many weeks,
and 1 was not mean enough to let 011 that I
had been obliged lo brace her up and direct
operations from adiBtance of thirteen miles.
Everything wont well at Lone Pine until
tbe 13th of September. That fall there
was a regular army of tramps headed for
tho West, and tho employees of every passenger aud freight train had to be armed to
the teeth. In somo instances the gangs
took possession of freight trains ami run
them to suit their own convenience. Tho
numlxir of trainmen killed or wounded every
week was something astonishing. On tho
I'Ith a gung of twenty tramps seized a
freight train at a water tank twenty miles
east of Big Rock and ran it to that station.
There happened to be a big construction
gang at Big Rock, nnd they turned to and
overpowered the tramps and scattered them
in every direction. It began raining at 2
o'clock in the afternoon, and when night
fell it waa ns dark as pitch. At ���*) o'clock
a train loaded with bridge material and
accompanied by twelve mechanics reached
my Btation from tho west on ita way lo Big
Just as it came in I got word irom Clark
to be drowned out, and it was just half an
hour after midnight when I was called by
the little woman at Lone Pine.
"I'm sorry to disturb you," she said,
but I fear I'm going to have trouble."
" What's wrong?"
" A number of thoso tramps who were
bounced at Big Rock to day have reached
here and taken possession of two empty
freight cars on the Biding. The whole crowd
is half drunk and raising Cain."
"If they have shelter and something to
drink they won't bo apt to bother you tonight. However, I'll sit up with you fora
white for company's sake. Are your firearms loaded?"
"Yea. The gang appears to have four or
five revolvers, and iwo bullets have been
fired through the window."
'Well, don't show any light,and you had
better bunk down on your cot. The fellows will get over their hilarity pretty
Il was five tnintiles before I heard from
her again Tiie engine of the freight train
was standing almost opposite the door, and
diiriiig,th(i interval I weiitnuiand roused the
sleeping engineer and fireman and told them
what was goingon at Lone I'ine, If things
got desperate with the little woman I proposed to tako half 11 dozen of the mechanics
ami go up to her relief. Wh'in she called
mo uguin alio said:
"One of the gang haa routed mo up and
demanded whiskey and something to eat.
Whon I ordered him away lie in.uk> threats
of what they would do."
"Don't got shaky," I replied, "It's
probably a Muff, Construction No. 8 is lying here, and in case you nend help a lot of
us will come up on the engine. We'll havo
a clear road aud enn tnuku it iu fifteen
It waa seven minutes before she called
again. Tho locomotive hnd been fired up,
and the fireman had gone hack to the
caboose and routed out six men who had
revolvers, and they were ready lo make a
dash with us."
"You remember the old caboose car at
the end of the side track t" queried the little
woman at Line Pine.
Well, they have made a bon-fire of it,
and it's blazing away even in this rain. There
aie fourteen of tho follows and the toughest
lot I've ever seen. I think they mean to
attack the house.   Hadn't you better come
don't want to take the responsibility
unless it is positively necessary. You are
expected to stand them off it you can. No
one will blame you if you wipe out the whole
gang. Talk right up to them if they come
to the house.
Three or four minutes slipped away, und
then she announced that they had given her
five minutes iu which to surrender, and
that one of the empty freight cars had been
They can't sot fire to the house with the
water falling like this." I replied. " Yon
have a stout abutter at 1 ho window, and
they can only attack you hy the way of the
door- if at all. Thoy con't shoulder it in
with two bars across it, and if they bring up
a battering ram yon want to lire on them
through the lower panels."
What waa to be the last message came
about ten minutes later.
They've brought up a beam," telegraphed tho little woman, "and I gave them the
buckshot through the lower panels. I think
I hit three or four. Some of them are now
firing into tho house, while othera are bring-
up firebrands to burn mo out."
" Coming���don't give up!" I rattled off
to her, and thirty seconds later the eigino
was moving away with our crowd. We had
a wet track, but a clear run, and after the
first two miles wo simply flew. We had
somo fear that tho fellows might have turned tho switch or pushed a freight car down
on the main track, but no such idea had
occurred to them, We went through two
miles of snow shedding like a rocket ahoot-
ing along a tube, and when wo popped out
at tho eastern end we wero aiming tho
turnips. The two cars wero blazing away,
and a fire had juat been started in a third.
Fire brands were piled up against the iioin-e
at three different places, and three or four
fellows wilh revolvers were blazing away
at the door and window.
Before the engine hud como to a stop
we dropped off and began shooting to kill,
und in five minuted we had cleaned out the
gung. Perhaps you remember the way that
certain newspapers pitched into us about
that affair, calling it a massacre, and howling for our arrest, Thero wero four killed
and seven wounded. Three men were hit
when the littio woman tired through tho
door. 1 know what became ot tuu killed,
for I helped to bury thorn, but the wounded
wero taken East that afternoon.
When the little woman opened the door
to us she bad her revolver in her left band, 1
because ono of the stray bullets had passed
through the palm of her right. She had |
1 been grazed on tho shoulder, and two :
bullets had passed through her clothing.
She had tired both barrels of the shotgun
and eleven bullets from the revolver, and
wns doing bravely well whon wo turned tho
scales. And did she continue at Lone
Pine? Ob, no. A division superintendent-
fell in love with her, rearousetl tho tender
passion in her breast, uud uway she woo t to*
nettle down ou thu Pacific slope and become
a nobody���1 hat is, she couldn't be a heroine
any more.
a Hj-iiii-i;- iiav Experience,
If yon are a good husband, of course you
have helped your wife to hang out clothes,
und you know how it is yourself.
It always blows furiously when any
body is washing. It is an old saying that
"washing raises the wind,*' and there is
truth in it. And in the winter washing-
day is always fearfully cold.
Your wife is tired���women always are
on washing-days; and she Bays how she
does dread hanging out those clothes, and
remembering that at the altar you solemnly
promised to love, cherish, and protect her
you geneiously offer to help hang them out.
Thermometer al zero, and wind blowing
at the rate of ninety miles an hour. The
clothes-line is always stretched on the north
side of the house, with especial reference,
we suppose, tojust such an occasion aa this.
Your wife takes one handle of the basket
and you take tho other. Some designing
persou has emptied water on the door-step,
it has frozen, and you aro not so cautious as
you should be to see to it thai you stand
firm. The first thing you know, you are
down on llie ice, and away goes the clothes-
basket down over the hill, with your wife
bunging to il line the tail of a kito.
Yon recover yourself, and start after tho
fugitives, und bring them back.
You think you will begin by hanging out
a sheet, A sheet will be plain work. You
take one up gingerly by tho corner, and
drag it to tlio line, with the other corners
" Oh ! John," cries your wife, in 1 tone
ot dismay, " do bo more careful. See what
a dreadful smutch you havo got on that
sheet 1"
You seize the other corner, and flap It
over tho line, ami it freezes still* as a board
the instant it touches 1 here, and is as unmanageable as a sheet of zinc. You give it
a savage pull aud a twist to get it out
straight ; and the line is loose aud springs
before you ; and then, when you let go,
springs back again, and takes your hat
amidships, ar.d away it goes ; and the wind
I pounces on it, and whirls it away to a fence
corner, where you possess yoflself of it, well
filled with anow, und in good condition to
obey a well-known medical prescription:
'���Keep theliead cool I"
You return 10 tho charge, blowing your
fingers, und yom trousors-legB full of snow.
Your wife telle you you Bhould have put on
mittens. " Mittens be���contounded I" you
tell her, in an emphatic tone. You fly at
the sheet again, and your wife tells you to
let that sheet alone, and hang out something you can manage. She recommends
you to try a shirt.
So you try a shirt, and you hang it over
the lino, with the neck part up, just aa it ia
worn, but your wife tells you to hang
tliut shirt as it ought to be. The other ex.
tremity belongs up. She takes an inverted
view of things. You try to obey, but the
thing has frozen fast to the line, aud iu attempting to break the unfortunate attachment you tear oil' the collar-band and split
two clothes-pins, aud knock a piece of Bain
off the back of your hind.
Oh, the unutterable contempt which is
expressed ou the countenance of your wife !
She calmly reminds you of the fact, which
women are so fond of enunciating, that
men are a nuisance, and requests you to go
into the houso about your business.
Butyou persist in you rbenevolent efforts,
and seize upon a miscellaneous pile of milled things, which are worn only by the
gentler sex, and you bear them in a wrinkled wad to the line, and fling them on.
The wind whirls halt of them away in a
petrified condition, and you cling to the
others in such a way that the line cannot
bear the pressure. It snaps in two, and
down comes tho whole concern into the
snow and dirt of that back yard, and freezes there in less than a minute. It will take
gallons of boiling water to thaw those
clothes up from tbo ground, and they must
go buck to the rinse again, and your fingers
feel like iclclea, and your wife is���excited,
and we draw a curtain over the scene.
But wo want to any that the man who,
under such circumstances, can keep his
temper, nnd not lapse into profanity, ia
ready tor the millennium, and may expect
to bo translated any day, after the manner
of Enoch.
Miinnrehlenl antl Beimlillcnn Expenses.
The Americans are frequently found making comparisons between thc cost of monarchical and their own republican form of
Government,   They point, for instance, to
the immense Bum necessary to carry on the
Government of Great Britain, and the much
less amount required to conduct the affuirs
of the  United States.   One of thoir own
papers recently referred to some items of
expense which are not iifcdin tho comparison spoken ol.   This paper says:���Ib it not
a little strange that when our great statis-
. ticians tako slate and pencil to figure up tho
coat of government, they nover take into
I tbo account tbo expt'ic-e of the elections 1!
Tho country has lately gone through its
great preBidental canvass.    How much did
ib cost?   'The littio itemsare tho expense of
printing bullots and the time and labor of
the men who sit behind the rail and receive
Ihc ballots ;   bui  these  expenditures  must
foot up, for thu whole country, many millions of dollars.    Legitimate expenses of
political parlicB would amountlo other mil-'
lions -just how many no man could guess.
Enormous bills wee necessarily incurred for
printing, for postage, forthcrcntof halls, tor
the travelling expenses of delegates to conventions and --fatumpspoakerB.fortheequipment of political clubs wilh uniforms aud
torches, and for other purposes somewhat
similar.    Worst of ull were the expenditures for the secret service of the political
parties, the cost of the durk and hidden
arts, purchased  votes, corrupt devices to
cheat  voters  and   to falsify   their  will.
Groat was tbo money expense of all this,
the real cost of itisnot measured by dollars.
The conn try pays for it in a loss of moral
stamina,   iu demoralization   of tho public
conscience.    Just before the election a New
York newspaper declared that in a certain
city, which ia named, containing twenty-live
hundred voters, there were eight hundred
votes   for aale.     Men were bo shttntlcis
that they even organized to   put up  thc
price���" struck" for more  pay   for   their
votca.   If thc story istrue, what a tale it
tells of still meaner men who have taught
these purchasable voters to expect pay I
Mistress-���" I'd just liko to know what
was the meaning of all lhat loud and angry
talking down stairs last night."
Domestic���"That was just mo and my
husband, mum."
" Your husband I You told me when
you enme that you were not married.''
" I wasn't then, mum: but you complained about havin' so much love malt in' iu th'
kitchen, so I married one of 'em."
Remarkable Sllcel ofWnfi-r,
The French Government has just sold to
Mr. Chefueux thc right to refine and export salt from Lake Assal, one of the most
remarkable sheets of water in the world.
The Lake is 111 tho district of Obock, East
Africa, only a few more miles from the head
ofthe Bay of Tadjourah. Tho gentleman
who has purchased the concession agrees to
pay into tho Colonial office the sum of 310,-
UUU a year, and if, during the fifty years
that he la to havo the exclusive right to export saltfrom Lake Assal, tho annual prod
uct exceeds 50,000 tons, ho is to pay.
tax of twenty cents for overy ton in excess.
The Government will designate a part of
the lake where tho natives may procure all
the salt thoy want witho.ittax or hindrance.
AU along the edge of this little lake,
which comprises only sixteen square miles,
is a bed of nearly pure salt about a foot in
thickness. The water of the lake is bo surcharged witii salt that it ia impossible to
sink in it. Tho bottom ia apparently a bed
of solid salt. The heavy waters lave the
baaca of jagged and precipitoua mountains
which descend to the edge of the lake, making it almost impossible to travel around it,
Mr. Chefueux will probably carry on his
work by floating machinery on the lake and
dredging in the salt ben at ils bottom,
though ou the west side of the lake an
enormous 1 plant ity of salt is in sight when the
lake is at ita lowest level. Very little was
known about Lako Assal until seven years
ago, Tho fow 111011 who had visited the lake
were unable to tell whence it derived its
water supply. The lake evidently had no
outlet, and nobody was able lo find a single
stream (lowing into it. The question wus
dismissed with the answer that the lake
doubtless had subterranean allliicnts, and
it was loft for Mr. Henry Audon,
seven years ngo, to solve the mystery
and prove that Lake Assal was indeed a very exceptional sheet of water,
Mr. Audon spent several days examining
the shores, clambering with tho groatesj
diniuultj nloitff thn rim of the lake. He
waa about to givo up Iho fruitless search
when he heard the murmur of a littio water
fall, and in a few minutes he stood on the
edge of a large brook running into thc lake.
Much to hit1 surprise hu found (hat tho
water of the brook was aa salt a.-, tho ocean,
and a little while after it was proven beyond
a doubt that the ocean itself is the source
of Lako Assal'a water supply. The lake is
about -inu feet below the level of the sea
It is now known that three brooks from the
Gubbet el Karub, a little land-locked bay
At theextremo western end ot the Bay uf
Tadjourah, conduct the waters of tho Indian
Ocean inland about ten miles to this remark-
able depression. The salt, which the
natives havo gathered, perhaps for egos,
along the edge of the lake, ia carried to
markets hundreds of miles inland.
thi: i:w-i <r.t 1 ii>\ or 1.111;.
Mortality Hales no Afrcrtril by the Various
Life Insurance experts, and tin-.-,.! interested in mortality statistics generally, employ in their business a self-explanatory
term known as "the expectation of life.*'
Under this heading experience has furnished valuable tables, by means of whicli the
duration of diffeient lives is reduced to a
practically accurate basis���a basis rendered
doubly reliable by reason of the,fact that
the result-j are based upon many independent sola of observations obtained from
widely-different sources. The similarity of
the statistics thus obtained is remarkable.
Charles Stevenson, a well-known actuary
of Edinburgh, has contributed to Hie "expectation of life" tables the most recent information on this subject iu the shape of a
little paper on "The Effect of Employment
on Life and Health," in which many curious
fuels are presented cencerninff the relation
of occupations to mortality rates.
The laigest mortality rate in the indoor
occupations considered ia found among
liouor sellers, a fact whicli explains the
reluctance of life insurance companies to
write insurance on that class of risks, Mr.
Stevenson finds the average mortality
among 1,000 liquor sellers to be SO.8, increasing from ]���_*.'_* between the ugca of 20
nnd 29 to 102.8 from age 70 upward. He
divides tlio liquor sellers into threo daises
���licensed grocers, hotel keepers and barkeepers���and shows tho respective mortality rates to he, from 25 years of ago upward,
IS.!), 20.8, ami 33.4, respectively, which
shows that Ihe life riak of the average barkeeper ia an exceedingly hazardous quantity.
Among 1,000 gardenors tho death rate ia
found to ho 10.fi; carpenters, 12.4: shoemakers, 13,-1 {stonemasons, 1(1,8 ; butchers,
17-8, and innkeepers, 21.4. This ugreea
precisely with tiie information collected by
Canadian life insurance companies, which
shows tho butcher to bo a hazardous risk,
second only to the innkeeper and saloon
The moat curious facts resulting from thia
investigation aie those concerning the
death rate among the clergy, a class which
the author has divided into three sections,
namely, Church of England clergy, Nonconformist clergy, and Roman Catholic clergy.
Ono thousand cases investigated in each of
these sections shows the death rale to be
lowest in the Church of England clergy,
where the average is 10.2, and highest iu
the Roman Catholic clergy, where the average is 16.7, These figures suggest an interesting contribution to iho study of celibacy
iu ita relation to tho mortality rate.
The value of out-door exercise, with
abundance of fresh air and a clear conscience, is amply sot forth in a comprehensive table showing tho number per 100 of
the various occupations that attain th* age
of 70 or more. Again the clergy tops the
list, with 42 out of 100 who attain the age
of 70, while the farmer- come next with -1''
and the other occupations in the following
order : Commercial men, (.drummers,) 35
military men, 33 ; lawyors, 20 ; artists, 28
teachers, 27, nud physicians, 21.
The apparently anomalous feature of
these figures is that the military men,
whose occupation seems to he most, hazardous from a layman's point of view, in reality attain a greater longevity than their less
warlike brothers of the sciences and arts.
This favorable position of the military man,
considered from a lifo insurance standpoint,
has come to be recognized in recent years to
such an extent that one of the largest companies haa recently waived all restrictions
in the matter of military risks, its experience tables showing the loss of but one risk
during the last three South .-\meiican revolutions.
The Modern Meamslitp.
The arrival of tho steamship Umbria with
all well on board, after a voyage of nearly
thirteen days, through a tempestuous sea
and after mending a broken shaft while a
fierce gale was sweeping tho Atlantic, is nn
event in ocean travel that will naturally
strengthen faith in the safety ofthe modern
built ship. It is a long lime since the Atlantic liners have had thoir seaworthy
qualities ao thoroughly tested as during the
past two weeks, and the fact that they have
come through it without any great disaster
is a subject for general congratulation. No
loss of lifo has occurred, and the yoar will
close on tho ocean without any regrettable
mark on its record. It is only natural that
there should be a conflict of statement
among tho passengers of the Umbria as to
the conduct of Captain McKay after tho
breaking of the shaft of his ship. Thero
were undoubtedly as many plans to save
the Umbria aa there were men on board
Utilization lrow-|iii-;Uiiii Out a   i:\UI-
Aa man encroaches gradually on the reaming uninhabited purls of the earth, the
wild leasts of tie plains, mountains and
'orests are either exterminated or must retreat far from the populated regions. Thus
then fulfills the human race its great destiny
of subjecting the earth to the superior needs
of the sou], which created iu the Divine
image, is barn not merely to enjoy tii<: ap-
peasul of our physical cravings but to rule
and " i ave dominion over the fish of the sea
and over the fowl of the air, and over evry
living thing that moveth upon the earth."
As the centuries advance sportsmen and
hunters find it more and more difficult to
find victims for the deadly aim of their
rifles, and it will not he long before men
must confine their search lor wild animals to
the depths of the aea or to the frigid zones.
In regiotiB whert until la-t century lions,
tigerB, rhinoceroses, aud elephants used to
abound the cattle of the natives or of white
aettlera are now found feeding peaceably
nnd undisturbed. What enormous quantities of these felis apelaea must have existed
before the Christian era can be foamed from
the account of Herodotus, which to modern
readers would seem aomewhat cxa-rgeraled.
He claims lhat on a single occasion 1'oinpcy
had provided 000 liomi for exhibition and
destruction in llie Homaii amphitheaters.
In thu case of the doughty lion il is not
only the search for exciting sport which
makes him the special target of adventurous
tourists and explorers, but he must be attacked in self-defense until he has retreated
far from the habitations of men. A family
of full-grown linns when allowed to retrain
111 the neighborhood would soon kill oil' all
tho tamo quadrupeds of a village and would
not hesitate lo attack human beings when
compelled by hunger. So long as they re-
main unmolested thoy will nmku their nocturnal trips to the cattle pens regularly
and carry off their prey.
His feline majesty haa been blessed with
sound and rapacious digestive nrgana, and
bloodless food has little attraction for him.
It has been computed that a healthy lion
can devour $1,200 worth of cattle per annum. As the villagers of Africa object to
such extravagant boarders, and ub moral
persuasion seems to havo no effect whatever, they uao force and intrigue in order to
rid themselves of his unwelcome visits.
White settlers, as a rule, do not venture
to attack these ferocious and treacherous
beasts unless they are accompanied by the
natives, who ure better acquainted with
their evil ways, and who know their haunts
in eaves and jungles.
Much haa been aaid and written about
the thrilling encounters between the lion
and the lone hunter. These stories have a
Don Quixote flavor and require credulous
leaders, for nine limes out of ten unless tho
lone hunter has steady nerves and he ia a
dead shot he will never survive to toll the
tale. Only a Daniel would venture on a
social tctc-a-teto with a company of hungry,
roaring lions and even in Iho cascof a group
in repose whose appetites have been gratified sportsman and camera tiends ai c warned
to keep aloof where "distance lends enchantment to the view."
Notwithstanding reports tn the contrary
the natives of Africa and Indiu assert lhat
lions even when not hungry will pounce
upon human beings just for the fun of it,
impelled by an inherent enmity.
Were man not- endowed with superiorFa-
gaoity and ingenious intellect Irom 011 Jii-.li
which enables him to subdue every living
thing this powerful animal would not only
be the king of beasts but n!ao of all that
Many dangers are connected with a lion-
hunt. It an arrow or two have pieiced the
male and he espies hia persecutors he will
rush upon them and generally tears one nr
two into unrecognizable heaps unless a well-
directed volley of bullets aud arrows has
felled him to the earth.
When a large hunting-party can be
gathered the daytime is preferred. When
his hunger has been appeased during the
night the lion spends most of the day in his
lair sleeping with hia mate and cubs, Hia
tracks are followed and ho is traced to his
den where ho reposes in apparent safety.
Suddenly it whizzes through the air. Unwillingly he raises his majestic head lo learn
the cause of thc disturbance. Another
arrow whizzes past above him. Au ominous growl escapes him. Suddenly the
lioness loapa into tho air uttering a terrific
roar-���she has been struck by a sharp arrow.
As the pair advance lo discover ihe hidden
enemies they meet a perfect shower of
arrowB nnd bullots, some of which penetrate
their bodies, The ear-doufeniug tears, the
wide openea jaws, the furious lashing of
awe and torror. Won lo the hunters if they
are discovered before their missies have
killed the liona, for there ia no euciny more
tenacious than a wounded infuriated lion.
The loss of human life is a common occurrence with these hunting expeditions.
" The Large Game and Natural History
of South and Southeast Africa," by the
Hon W. H. Drummond, gives the following
account of an nye-wltnots, which gives a
good idea of lion*family life :
"I once hud the plcuture of, unobserved
myself, watching a lion family feeding. I
was encamped ou tho Black Umfalosi, In
Zululand, and towards evening, walking
out about half a mile from camp, 1 saw a
herd of zebra galloping across mc, and
when they wero nearly two hundred yards
off, I saw a yellow body flash toward the
leader, and saw him fall beneath Ihe lion's
Weight. There was a tall tree about sixty
yards from the place, and anxious to see
.vhat went on, I walked up to it, white the
lion was still occupied too much to look
about him, and climped up. He had by this
time quite killed the beautifully striped ani-
huge'steamship freTghtetf "with human life, I mat, but Instead of proceeding to eat it, be
d with a fractured shaft and a hole in its | got up and roared Rigorously voW^hwe
neglect of duty for the chief ofiicer*to have
abnegated his right to command and allowed somo discontented passenger to take
control, Sueli a situation as the Umbria
found itself in demands tho highest skill
and the best experience, and no landsman
can be expected to possess these qualities in
auch measure as a tried and proved steamship captain. There can lie no division of
authority on such occasions, aud Captain
McKay's success in bringing his ship and
its passengers safely lo port shows that he
best grasped the situation and its needs.
It is impossible, however, not to ask what
might have happened to both the Noord-
land and the Umbria had tho breaking of
their shaft 4 been accompanied with the samo
results as iu the case of the City of Paris
and the Spree. Iu the case of the last two
steamships the shaft not only broke butit
pounded u hole in the bottom and let in
tons of water. Tho wajer-tight bulkheads
kept it from sinking^he ship in calm
weather ami iu an ordinary storm such as
tin  J���
ic Spree encountered, but the mind does
)t like lo dwell on the possible result of a
A Solemn Thought*
A year ago this mop of hair was uniformly brown ; thero wasn't browner hair than
mine iu all the blooming town.
To-day 1 held the mirror up nnd started
in affright; this hair of mine, this mop of
hair, is being tinged with white.
And then I sat me down and thought;
my heart grew dull and cold ; the mournful
truth camu homo to mo that I am growing
It surely, surely cannot be | It scarcely
Becmsa day, since I was but a little chap
wilh little chaps at play.
Since when 1 carved in letters large my
name upon the trees, and chased the yellow butterflies ami watched ttie droning
It acnrccly seems a day, nnd yet my hair
ia growing white ; and now 1 think of it
my step's no longer firm aud light;
1 guess about the biggest shook man's
called upon to bear, is when ho finds that
white has crept into his mop of hair.
bottom, placed at the mercy of such gales
aa have swept the Atlantic Ocean for two
weeks past.
From tho experience gained from the
accidents that have happened to four large
steamships within three years, some device
to strengthen the shaft, and when it does
bleak privent lis staving a hole in the bottom, will doubtless be introduced. Meanwhile, it is pleasant to note tho fact that
oi-->Rii trnveljtiff has become comparatively
safer than land traveling, ine tntat
State Commerce Commission reported that
during the year ending June \\\\ ls',11, the
nuinlier of passengers ami employees killed
ou railroads uggregatod 20."i3, and that
33,881 personshad been Injured. The number of ptnscngera tarried that year waa
031,183.1)88, and tho number of railroad
employees was 784,289, What percentage
the ocean travel Is of tho laud travel in
thia country it is impossible to tell, but it
ia not probable that there has been a Ions
f 3(100 lives by the steamship* that crosso
the Atlantic iu the last thirty years.
Taking all the circumstances into consideration, the coiislaut inspection of railroad
tracks, tho invention of life-saving appliances, tho uhilily to receive quick help
when an accident occurs, and the conclusion is Inevitable that travel on land to-day
s attended wilh more perils than travel
jn the ocean. And yet thousands nf people
every day take passago on tho steam curs
without a thought of danger, while the
prospects of un ocean voyage awakens in
many only thoughts of peril. The arrival
of a thousand train loads of passengers at
tho llrnad Street Station is looked upou as
& matter of course, but the safe arrival of
a Steamship a'little overdue is regarded as
almost a miracle. His nearly twenty-live
years since tho City of Itostou went down
at sea and left no ouo to tell the story of
tho loss. The repetition of such a disaster,
it is to be hoped, lias hceti made impossible
hy modern skill and invention. Thu events
of the last two weeks, ai least, strengthen
tho hope that a reasonable certainty of
safety at aea has been reached.
Miss He Classic���-" 1 should like to look
atrome music ; not new music, like this on
tho counter, but. old nnisie, real old."
Store Hoy (anxious to assist)���" Y*-s'm.
I That on th top shelf is jus' black with fly-
specks, an' 1 guess they'll sell it cheap."
was an answer, and ina few minutes the
lioness, accompanied by four whelps, came
trotting up the same direction as the zebra,
which no doubt she had tried lo drive toward her husband. Thoy formed a fine
picture aa thoy all Blood around the carcass,
whelps tearing it an 1 biting it, but unablo
to get through the tough skin. Then (the
lion lay down, and the lioness driving her
offspring before her did the same four or
live yards off, upon whicli ho put up, and
I'nm-iimi.'iiitf to eat had soon finished a hind
leg, retiring a fow yards as soon as ho had
done so. The lioness came up next aud
tore tbo carcasa lo shreds, boiling huge
mouthfuls, but uot objecting to the whelps
eating as much as they could find. There
was a good deal of snarling and growling
among those young lions, and occasionally a
stand-up fight for u minute, but their mother
diil not take any notice of them, except to
give them a amart blow with her paw if
they got in her way. Thero was now little
left of tne zebra but a fow bones, which
hundreds of vultures were circling around
watching to pick, while almost unequal
number hopped awkwardly about on the
ground within fifty or sixty yards of it,
and the whole lion family walked quietly
away, the lioness leading and the lion, after
turning hi*> head to see lhat they were not
followed, brintzing up the rear.
Man Hating Shark-
A small shark waa lately caught at a
well-known watering place off the south
coast, und waa exhibited iu a small tent,
outside which wus a placard with a rough
sketch of tho marine monster, inscribed,
" Man eating slunk.   Admission 2d."
Two yokels paid their money, and stood
gazing at tho mast of decaying lish.
Crowds came ami went, but slill the
yokels stood und wailed patiently.
Presently they went up to the exhibitor
and said, " When will thu man begin f"
"Whatman'' Begin what?*' queried tho
ancient mariner,
" Why, when will the man begin to eat
the shark''" said one yoke).
"No man ain't going to eat any shark.
They nin't fit to eat," replied the old sail*
" Well, I'm Mowed ! Then what do you
mean by putting up a notice that you show
A man eating sharkV Come on, Bill; I
thought it was a blooming swindle." THE  WEEKLY NEWS FEB. 8, j|q|,
m WEEKLY tfl? - '
Published   By  M. Whitney &
Son.   Every Weclnes; ay.
Courtenay, B. C.
Ol s Ysnr
fis Mont!.
���.i.iKll- l..|
Ono inoh por yoni  $li'tn
..    .,   month       16U
alRtillicol, perycnr    M��i
fourth       ���i11*'
��fck.(K)r Una        OHIO
!..,��� nl tuition. |..r lino           1.11
Notices   nf  Births,   Marriages   antl
Ti.-.ulis. 50 cents earl, imertion.
So Advcrlismenl inscvtetl for less than
The   most import mil mniti-r which
will come before the loi-ii]  (wrli nt
ilii'-j setsion will !����� that of a red'istrib
ir.ion ot' -*epri-scnint.ion It iifltfiHtlnil
i. i*- tn bo intfoduct'd B"t>n ns it will
(������quite niieM consideration ond is
sue to provoke prolonged ili-bite N<>
mcasurn of this kind should be pussed
in u hurry. All intf-H'Sta will have to
be tion'iderpd, and how vi*r wisely the
hill is drawn we may he prepm-cd fur
n storm ol opposition. The -^ieat srriij,'
uli! will be between the cities and the
country. The fnnnm* will want p-prea
cntatton according to population. This
it' gran'ed, will giv�� tin* n>o]ority to the
oities, mid leave the country to their
m Toy, Thc uses would then he
liik'-iifor the lienitit of ilv b\o town**,
und instead of yood roads in the rural
dintric s we would have ihc spectacle
of t-OBtly pilfS nf brick mid stone in the
centos of population io reflect il}��
glory and acMovements of ihe Govern*
���iient. No doubt Wenltli and population
Bhould he cohsideti'd in framiim a redistribution measure, hut neither should
the fad be overlooked that three mem
herscan b.-t-nr represent thn cities of
Vancouver and New Westminister,
fliiu cull three members represent the
vast territory embraced in New Westminister District. It is easier to acquaint oneself with the condition and
w.mts of u compact city, than with the
condition and requirements of a Urge
und sparsely settled district What
interest iu New "Vst minister and Van
cuuverhas been ovmlooked by their
members? What interest in the northern part of New Westminster District has received any attention from
��� iihcr.of the three members of that
tils net?   Thev all reside south of the
l-'ioser Rivi-r, and almost totally
neglect thut portion of the district
north of Vancouver City, so much j-o
that the Jinhal'itants of Valdes Island
did not have ilit-m to ihank for the
wharf which enables the steamers to
land there, and will ask   that they be
ei off into a no her district. And the
ijke illustration will apply el e where.
Tlio country districts are too lance, and
in any well regulited measure of representation, bIj-h of territory, difficulty
oi transportation, aud diversity of interests will line to he considered.
The country needs developement more
than the cities need fostering, The
gravitation of population to the cities
js an evil that should be checked. Lift;
in the country should be made more
eutjurabte, Ouod roads should be built
����� ..I thus do away wnh the isol .limi and
discontent which pr- vails. The city
needs fewer representatives because
the cheif interests there are ntlcnded
to iiy their own local o III leers, hut the
country outside cf organized muuicip-
hIi icsrequires thc cunstnnt at-ent-on
of its iepre eniativies Ihc cities do
not n-qujio more mwrbers fo; represen
t ition, but ��s a voting power. Hive
tn ilu-m the full control anil they
v-|i combine for their own advantu^e,
find the country will have to he com cut
wi Ii Whatever it yets.
Jack of All Trades.
In every community there is gener
Ally to lie found a ".fuck of all trades.'
He is som time* useful knowing a litile
of several things although uot much of
iiiiy. Such a person never acquires
much success, and is always more or
less below in diocrity. Where, how*
ever'-Jack" is conceited, and talks a
bout Ins attainments he becomes the
butt of community, and when times
iiif dull the guffaw he raises by his ab
surdities lueaks the inotiotouy. He
never appears to learn from the rebuffs
he receives hut comes again to the
Tout on the first opn-Srt unity. Hw
fiuluici he ascribes tojthc lack of ap
pneiation of others and r.ev rfora ni"-
(nent realizes h's own utter want of com
loon sense. He may not be tn Mame.
Nature never provided him with much
bi,uo*>,ariid what he ha. have tery little
The less he knows the nvre likely
he is to turn trine. In this llelil he
illustrates the will known line: "Fools
iu-.li in where angels dare not Head.'
U it if h_* o dy wi; ��� -,��� thousandth part
ns smart as he thinks he is then indeed
wmild the wouihr grow
Thiuoiu* Btnnllhrn-1 rf-iltd entn alllio know
Canada Wibtern.
Th-'snrvi y by erns*- sretinns foi fe*
miles this side uf l>uluth, it is said, is
to be stopped, and a prelimiuaiy purvey run through t-i Wellington;that the
course pursued hy Mr. Illakenian in or
during tlni survev ���-> begin at Duluth
his ead of at Wellington is disapproved
by the cnmpa.-y, ou thc ground that it,
savor'*d too much of speculation It
'S represented thai Kiihe niul others
of Victoria are indignant nt the way uf
fairs hiivebe n managed; und that .k a
consequence Mr. Higgins is now tn con
liol We give ih se h*ports for what
they are woith, They emanate from
the employees of the company, What
explanation, if nny, they have io make
of the fait thut the -jj-irtt-itu surveying
the railway line wen u | or. ion of * heir
time m*.kjng private-surveys for much*
crs nlong tiie line, we have not heard
'Ihey tidmit hut app luanee* hwn
heen against them and that the people have lost confidence, They claim
the branch lines proposed in the a
mend ment s to their charter are lo head
off the 0. P. R , etc. Well as nothlug
.s 'o he done until favo ob'e no ion of
the legislature, which is now in session,
We can afford to wait. We shall sojii
Commonplace  Advice   of  a
New Yoik I hysician.
A New York Physician thinks tint
''nearly everybody ea s far more than
is necessary. Among my pu'ients those
who eat the least g-t over their nmi'y-
grubs the quickest, while tho>e who
ept the heaviest are ill iho oft e est,
.My experience shows that, half the nil-
ments of life are btought about by
overeating or drinking. I myself take
a light breakfast, perhaps eggs on tons!
or fish with po atoes, or a bit of cold
chicken or sometlii ng of the kind and
a CUpof coffee. At noon I take mi'k
with a :'ew crackers or els" some Ouli
fomia fruits At 0 o'clock 1 hive a
heaity, hut no heavy dinner, with fi-li
meat, vegetables, bread und a f--w* {-lasses of light, wine. 1 do not eat over a
pound and a half of sold food iu a day
though I am more robust than most
men, and not troubled with any of the
hundred complaints that are the results
of over ating. I advise you to eat liiiht
ly, be careful what you rat ind take
your time in eating, This looks like
common place advice, but my fee for it
without any pills, is$lo.
Dr. M. \V, Kichurdson is almost ai
hard u| on smokers as upon   drinkers.
They are not quite so bad as drinkers
he says but if drinkers deserve the gallows, smokers deserve penal servitude
for life. Smoking dislurbes the circulation; it often impedes digest io i; interfere with the fine adjustment of the
senses, and sometimes impairs the leu
ses of vision al ogether, IwwMW-r, It
generates a craving for itself in the
nervous organism, always nn evil sign,
and directly it calls up, not Infrequently, hereditary evils, like cancer, which
wonli lie latent if left alone.
It is oiirbelef that a simplicity in
diet bearing som* what tho same relation to the foorl Mutt w*te** benra to
thedrhik of modern life is as firmly
grounded in physiology and sulen'oe us
the crusade against alcohol, and thai
the more experiments in simplicity of
diet are made the moie. converts then-
will be to this view, When ihc time
comes tha' 1* is universally recognized
thai the pre ent eating habits of civil!""*
ation are such as n* ccessarily tend to o-
vereaiing, tlm undermining of tho di-
gestive powers, and the ultimate breakdown of health, it. will be s en that the
craving for variety, the effort to provide for our tables toothsome titbits
and tempting ft ivors, is part and par.
eel of the mistake made now so gener
lil-y of of indulging in alcoholic drinks
and other stimulant-. And as this aviation goes on, ihe time w ill come
when not only absolute nbsleutiou from
alcoholic dunks will be the rule, hut
the use of the simplest food in nieasui-
ed quantities will b�� universal, ^ir
Henry Thompson, in his work on
" Diet in Relation to Age and Activity''
tells us that he ha.i come to ihe con
elusion " that a proportion a-
mounting to at least more than onehaif
of the di-ease which embitters the middle and upper classes of the population is due to avoidable errois in/liet."
And in his book ** Pood and Feeding"
���trendy quoted from, he says: " The intake and the nut put should correspond
BtowhIiib'b Map,
Thii New Commcial Map
of British Columbia is now
ready for delivery, mounted
ready for Office use. Price 3.50
A home production, carefully compiled and complete.
J. H. Brownlee,
42 Fort St. Victoria
Dr W J Curry
( I) 15 N T 1ST. )
Green's Mock nenr Post Office Nanai-
no. Any nuitiberofteeth removed
without pain and without the use uf
Ether or Chlorofurm.
Chas R Hardy & Co
Hon) Eflluto
A1.1I Kiiiunrlul      llUer
Notary Pulillo, Convoyfttioor,
Naiia'mn.  M. ('.
Xanaimo   Saw  MM
��� and ���
Sash and  Door Factory
A fltiBlam,l'ran. Mill st��� l'OUox35,Tol.tl)
Nanaimo IS. C.
^'complete stock ofRoujihand Dressed
Lumber always on hand; also Shingles,
Laths, Pickets, Doors, Windows aiul
Blinds, Moulding, Scroll sawing, Turning
ami ;ill hinds of wood finishing furnished
Cedar,      White    I'ine,      Redwood.
All orders accompanied wltllCASH prompt
ly and carefully attended to.
Steamer listed
Harbor and ontslde towing done at reason
able rates.
J. W. McKenzie
Courtenay, IJ. C.
General Hlacksmithing
and Morse Shoeing.
Logger:;' Work a Specialty.
Union StBimxMp Co. B.C.U!
HEADOt'FlCKauilWliurf, V��m ntu-r IU'.
Viuieomuuruiiil Kani'Hin- -*!. i      h I ������.�����������<
c  i'. tt, U'ltntf iln ) -nl" i' 'I ���
fni'ii .NntlilitllOiU ill. in.    l- > A" Ub iii!.       .->
[nut  S'urtliorii  l.-'L-ciij:
l.iiml.l'mto-, It* 11 l Hi-rl ��u. roij;rr. i�� ilio
F-iiniu mil to.,nu ti 1 1 I'nn Nuvuit mil Wiij-.uris
I . 11 -���nl:-' 'hev 1 (, I iv.si'.1I1 -:' 1 in-'T-f-s. .Mil
1. o .- ir��Ko An- i.i..tliilini nn �� ii'u wlmrf,
r.ir-ii-ii.nm nu 'ii'lil.t-il ion '��thfs ������Hi'.'..
WM. WKiJKSTKl!,    Manager.
Toloiiliono IM IVO. Hox 217-
For ^�� e
Grain,   Produce,
And    Cattle
Also a fine farm.
Apply to
Adam McKelvcj
'Vestnf KngLitid   rlotlis, t��i.erl<   and
scrg.s always   oil  Imnd.   Order-
|..i soils taktn ulienply,
A. MoAury, MnichnntTailor
Noiilili.lil, II. (!.
H A Simpson
Barrister nnil Solicitor.   Officii in -u
flat,  Green's   Mock.
Nanaimo, it. ('..
Preparatory To Stock-taking We    Have   Decided To Hold
Another Of Our
Slaughtered For   30 Days
E.^   Get   a   nice   Warm  Jacket   Now
��J^     Out  a good   Waterproof   Now
�� &'   Oat a   pretty  Set   of Furt Now
B- V*   Get   a btyliah Boa Now
t*a^   Got   a   Servicable Winter Dreee Now
1*3,   Get in Now on Hundreds ot Lines which you require every day.
AU   At   Olearence Prices. Cash Only.
Commercial Street WanaJmo P. 0.
I Make It a Point I Know
For ilie lint iliiriv yrai-s liavlns linndlm) Silver W:.re, miinufoelured Ly llm
CelPlirati-tl Hrm.e ol Bind ami Ikrioii���Koil((erii 1 SI7 -mid Mi-ridi-ii llrilniiiitn,
1   know  lH.ln to lie A I.    IJ % I" .l.w.-lry, (Murks, \Valcl���-s, anil   Bpi-U ltcll'8,
1 Show ili-l.aiui.sl.Sio.-k iii the city, AT II AUD TIM I* F21CTSH.
Specal at'i-uti. n glvi'li lo i-i.tiniiii", ill ALL Bwnchi-n of tiie Trade.
EV;, Onlrrs Iiy moil ��'i!l linv.1 p.oinpt aiti-uiou. ,/��3
E. Counter
Crescent Jewolry Store,
Nanaimo B. C,
Vancouver Furniture Warehouse,
KsUlillBllOil 18-3-
���       Alan Dealer Itl       ���
nanaimo r. c.   ''��������������������-"���
Nanaimo Cigar l-actory.
Philip Gable, Proprietor.
nBtun Street ��� Nanaimo B. C.
M.imif.icturcs   tlio   finest   cfjjrat-es,
employing none but white labor.   ���
Why purcha*>c inferior foreign cigars,
when you can obtain a RUPKKIQK AUTI-
[ i.i*. fi.r the riiinie mouev?
Eapcc Eap3P & Co.
Bookseller*,     Statiouers-
General   Nevva   Areata*
Niti.iiimo. IJ. C.
Banaimo Macliioe Works
Mwt J, Wealp'
Fraser Strei-t
Nca- Q6st:on Strool Bridge
Nanaiino1 B. C.
All Kiu.h of Machinery made to order
and repaired.
Fruit Trees
Mainland Nursery        *
*      Ladners Landing Ii. C.
A l:ir;^c supply of three and four year old
j5.-��=3=Ij-E1   T-RE333
Also Pcitl-s Plume-, Prunes, and Peaches
Orn-tticnml trees for lawns and grass
lilnis.   Small fruits,   shrubs   and evergreens of every vaiiely.
W A Gilcliristi
Agent fur Comox District*
The Nanaimo Pharmacy
Nanaimo B. 0.
\V, K. Mc Cartncy Chemist,
Pur-' D'ligs Clfiiiieals and   Pitlont
1'hy ienns   Piitarlittlmu nmi nil onlors 111! il
wflli care ami ���lii--*iiti*li. I'. 0 Imx 12
Geo. Bevilockway,
Red House
Commercial 9t.     ��    Jfanaimo. B. C.
Dealer in Gener.il Merchandise,
Highest cash Price Paid for Purs,Hides,
ami Country Produce.
Ralph Craig's
t Uanaiino Steam t
llaslon St. llridgc, Nanaimo, It, C.
Genentl lltitcksmithing, Horseshoeing
Carrage lluilding, etc.
Wagons   and   Farming   Implqmcntf
made iiud repaired. Miners'Auger Drill-
i nny Machines made to order uu short
J. G. Melvin
Experienced Watchmaker
Manulocturing Jeweler
And Diamond Setter.
Work done for die trade.
Repairing a specmlty
A trial solicited
Orders hy mull
llnx 598, No :uS Abbot St.  \'.in���uvei.
Eureka   Bottling  Works,
ASarsaparalla and Champagne Cider, Iron PhosphateB, Syrups.
Bottler of Different Brands of Lnger Beer Steam Becriind Porter
Ancnt for Union Brewery Company.
Nanaimo and Courtenay  II.  C.
l.D. McLean
Jeweler, Bookseller
and Dealer in
Organs, Pianos,Music
Stationery, and Notions ot all kinds.
Union   Mines, B, C,
1 have SCM11V: splended lots
for safe, ln?tb business aixl re
Now is the t��ti'* to buy to
ad*-,'htage bdrore ihc. Canada
WestaJH RaiJway reaches here.
With the advent of die railway, in addiiion to the other
conceded advantages of the
[llac<^, jjricis .must rule very
TMs town Is located in the
inidsE of due largest ;tgi ic uhnnil
settlement on Vaacoui/ier 's-
Jand. It is H-ithita-ux miles of
Unkjn Mines atSbrdii-g the farmers of the valley tbe very
liest home market, aaid is situated on the on!y highway
leading front the settlement tithe mines. The lumber interests of this section are hxisi ex
tensive. ��n& are ait important
factor im our progress.
'Due pir oem of impxwe-
���nentsof this town <4iir>-iiijT ihe
presewt year h greater than
;.my ocher place the Coast
c;m boast ot ^mi the march of
improvement is sti,l) onward,
The prosperity of ihe town
lias for its foundations, there;
fore large mineral, agricultural
and timber recotitrces. It may
also be added that no section
furnishes a better field for the
sportsman, l-'ish and game
are always abundant and our
hotels of the best.
For particulars  address.
Joseph McPhee
Courtenay B.C.
Wm. Cheney
[   Office at the bridge ]
Real Estate Agent and Auctioneer.
Lots sold on easy terms.
Comox Saw Mills.
Rough and Dressed Lumber
White Pine always in stock.
All orders executed promptly.
UrphartBros. Proprs. Comox B.C,


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