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The Weekly News May 30, 1894

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Array 0. A. McBain & Co.
Real Estate Brokers
Nanaimo,  B. C.
0$i if QUA
���JUt-i
4 \'iW
'/CTORI**, v'.'-
G. A. McBain * Co.1 "
Real Estate Brokers
**S* Nanaimo, B. C.
"noTi
COURTENAY, COMOX DISTRICT, B. C. WEDNESDAY, MAY 30, 1894.
$2.00 PER YEAR
McKim's Store.
uasrioisr. 33* c-
���IMPORTER <md DEALER=r
Groceries
Hardware
Painta   -
-���DtfT-
Olothiar
Crockery
Boota
Oent'a FutmlabiBI
Xobacco'a
Shoea
Orders Taken for Custom Made 8uit��.
REAL ESTATE
MARCUS WOLFE,
financial and General Goimission Broker,
ROOM   II, JOHNSTON BLOCK, NANAIMO, B. C.
AGENCIES BEPBESENTED,
d Parmanant Loan and Saving, Company, Toronto.
Citiiena1 Building Society of Nanaimo,
Scottiih Union and National Ineuranoo Company.
Hartford Tire Inaurance Company.
Union Fire Inrurance Company of London, England.
Eaetarn Firo Aaaurancs fompany, of Halifax.
Great West Life Assurance Co., of Winnipeg, Man.
Money to Loan on Improved Farm Property.
D. W. KARN *�� CO'S
Organs and Pianos stand   without a   rival; hnve  received
the last gold medal given by the Dominion of Canada, and the
last gold medal given by the Toronto Industrial Exhibition.
For further information and catalogue apply to
'        ",       JOHN MAY,
Or Grant & McGregor, Nanatrno
Union, B. C Agent for Vancouver Island.
Wm. K. Leighton.
Fire and Life Insurance Agent.
Royal London nnd Canadian
Phenix of Hartford
London and Lancashire
Confederation Life.
Green Block, Nanaimo.
Union Meat
Choicest
meats always on hand.
Market.
Fresh
Vegetables  etc.
Vessels   supplied qn the shortest notice,
Simon  Leiser,  Prop.
Fish'
Weekly.
Eureka   Bottling Works,
DAVID JONES, PBOPMBTOR,
, ���       MANUFACTURER OF       ���
80DA  WATER,   LEMONADE,   GINGER   ALE,
Sarsaparalla and Champagne Cider, Iron Phosphates, Syrups
Bottler of Different Brand) of Lager Bear Steam Beer and Porter.
A*>ent for Union Brewery Company.
**f7*   Keg Beer sold for cash only.   -*��*"
Courtenay B.  C.
Largest Stock of General Merchandise in the
PBOYINOB
>- ALSO -
New and Complete Stock of Household Furniture,    Splendid line of Carpets, Window
Shades and Japanese Matting.
We Invite inspection of our stock of Spring
and Summer Dress Goods, Hats, Laces,
Flowers, etc., etc., etc.* etc., etc., etc., etc. etc
Gents Furnishings a specialty.
Mrs. Delahay, (Late of the Co-operative,
store, Nanaimo) is now in charge of our
Dressmaking Department.
Best Styles and Satisfaction guaranteed,
Simon Leiser, Prop./
COMOX, BO.
Importers & Dealers in
Flour A Feed Dry Goods
Farm Produce Boots ft Shoe*
Fancy Groceries Hardware
Crockery 4s Glassware Paint A Oils
Gents Furnishings
Patent Medicinae
Stationery
Wallpaper
Sportsmens Supplies a Speciality
Union Mines
Furniture    Store.
A  Full   Line of Everything,
Including Granite and.
.; -Hardware.
���CO'3-TT-*?UVCTO-**tS.
| AND
I  btj-ixj-d-bes.
��T UNDERTAKING  IN ALL 11$ BRANCHES.
Grant tfc McGregor, Props.
Robert Sanderson.
Joiner if Cartwriyht
Courtenay. B. C.
Get Suited.
J. Abrams, the clothier of Union has a
ne ol 1400 samples tn choose from for
liitings, ranging from $22 p.:r suit upwards.   Perfect fit guaranteed.
A   Snap.
80 acres of fine land for sale or exchange
for property at Courtenay, Union or U-
mon Wharf
Apply at this oflice.
Home Made Boys Suits.
Suits lor boys from two to ten years of
age made to order, at reasonable rates.
Apply to
Mrs. Charles Hooper, Courtenay.
O. H. Fechner.
BARBER
Shop: Late Drug store.
Union, B. 0.
.YARNING
All persons driving orer the wharf
or bridges in Coniox distriot faster
than a walk, will be prosecuted accord
ng to law,
8. Ornech-
Got. Agent.
J. T. Grieve.
% Butcher        Sandwick.
Will run butcher cart to Union Wednesdays, and Tuesdays around Comox
Settlement, Bay and Courtenay! Saturdays around Courtenay and the Bay.
Will supply vegetables, eggs, butter,
and cream.
Notice
Having sold out my Soda Water
and Bottling business in Comox District
to Mr.-David Jones of Courtenay I desire
to settle up all outstanding accounts at
once and parties will confer a favor by
paying the same- to him there, as he is
fully authorised [6 collect for me and receipt forany moaeys paid him,
> r.     Louis Lawrence.
Nanaimo, B. f. April 11,1894.
IIS
Qualification and Registration
of Provincial Voters
NOTICE is hereby given that in accordance with the provisions ot Section
16 ofthe Legislative Electorates and E-
lections Act, 1894,1 shall hold a Court
of Revision at the Court House at 11
o, clock, a. m. oh the thirty-first day of
May, 1894, for the purpose of hearing the
claims of any persons who allege that
their names have been improperly struck
off or omitted from the List of Voters
for the*,Electoral District of Comox.
W. B. Anderson
Comox, May Ist, 1894. Collector.
Courtenay
J.S Wilson, Prop.
Will leave the Riverside
Hotel, Courtenay, Daily at 6
p.m, for Union. Returning will
leave Union Hotel and Cumberland Hotel at 9 p.m., for
Courtenay.
Pare flach way 50 Gents,
rHOftSE BREEDING.
lathB mid til* Section of thn
t*-ilun.
The Breeder'* Ouaatte says:
Tlinl ihtre hw l��*en a marlco'l fnlHne off In
tin-* -lt-'Diin-l for t-tallioiis of tho vuriom draft
bret-riathirlutf tlie inst few )(i��r-> Is ilit tnati-
niuiiy at all Km-linn: tmtwrterit nntl Un-aiiure.
Ini'mrtiUInns I'-iVu pnu-tic-ili** vcatu'd nnil n..lan
nf tmni broil horsea���t**t*i>t for thoi-e of out-
fsiandiliB iiu-rll��� Imv* titer, i-low ami at �� nvi-
turtn.1i)* lnw-tr rrvftt at valutm t)itui went our.
rem �� tow yi.-iirftosu,- Tli'itMrvii** roun mIk-iiIO
liim* JiUii-u ion to** point M n it-Milt nf the
������'1-k'iHt-lrHni'inn of untlm liorM-M-uo'irt, li-ul
ftnd lti-ilff-*ri,nt--t-*'**ktii*i tin* -.airnnmi-i of
rarmttrn. la not a muter for tmrpri-ie. tuul wllli
a vlvw inwai-il tleltM-mlnlrw *tmt k-nifi In tlm
(lciinir.,l!*-iiiltni of rate*- liftd cxtentltttl antl lu
OBtTrtr.ltiiilNilht* M'iierul ffelliifiln iv.kht.. Io
lh'.-t-tyii*t.i*ln��r��;Hircit't Id renm-al alii-*- ar-v**,
Tlio (*i!will* pni "in atthnrt ttrm-t-ltit-i) ai-iiur*.
citlculnied to l.rtri* mu thi- fiu*K
Hi<vrrul liuiitlrui] w��*d fnxiiwr** nnd ntt*kmet.
r*i lln-Miiti-'of llllii.ilh. luwa. Mli-Kourl. Kun-
-tiiHttml Ni-brtutkii wm* Ki>kecl tututvbu imaoto
the kind nf hinvty* pin*t ic-iu-mlly tmlroriwwl
hv itwin-r-of fiinn ntiiriH tli!n m-ntum nnd to
Iinllc-Htu tb-> ranip- of mrvltv foea. lifei-le-M
that nervi.'-' fiu1**- litive fallen to a liguro where
llitjt.lullioti keeper hai tlidfl Home -.-1'wtt flmtr*
IllK l�� "pay nm.'* Thow' who have been na.
ilucutl Inio ['ii*. liijc* hi): price for a l��Mir home
nro of rOUi>e In tin unitvlnUe poi-lilon. The
man a ho luiyi. �� l'**ii* lljfuro tut a really tipiup
linnio nt tine tjuiilUy aiul clinlee brewlimt will
eomo intich nearer nm(tlnK a prntlt In tlie limn
ruu than tie who hrtn-t-i in n "witar** aim|ily
beeauiru he could buy him cheap am) wtaml him
at a unniiri'd f*'e<
llht hon-o-i with Htylo and quality nre ittli
com in it i nl I mi reimtnoratlvu prtuoe, at are nino
line driver***, trainoi| Madtllara and choice eoaeb
and mt-rtiigv' itHftJk. ll in Ult ��r��nl nuuMtif
weedy (touk-unwiund, hlendnhed. iir-orly built
and underHlwd tipjri-i-a, devoid of llnbdi and
iiunllly, Hlich n* rr-iult from piitMiilxinu clu-uy
mom:i*i.*l ur uratlo alrc��-tbat art a drutt on lhe
market.
If wc mar I** allowed to peri>eirate "an IHfth
bxtil." the kind uf bono mo*t In favor In many
wcit-mal* the inula, Jnek-t havo tloiit a Ui-i
waMm'a work iniuany rountleH, and we iiiuM
coiifeiv that thoat- who have |iatronlretl tlv-in
have, no in-raj ly t-ipeiikln**. ahown more koiihi
than IhnMc who have lir��d ko-hI work lOMftw to
icruhliy innnitrel or pniide-wrlpt ntvnl liorwx.
The J:irk in a purely bred sire al leant, and one
fellow* Jtiiit al��>nl what in tn bo expected from
hla ihtvUv, and ihu mule |i by no meniin the
worst M-Mlm* animal nt lhe day. From the
numb ttnlllonn you ilo not know whal will
COtllO. At between |hom and Uiu aa-Uhe Jack
lu Ui Im -.riroriiil every time.
A Hunmmry of tbo rejiortu to Tho (Ja-
EOtte would make tlie tttultiou fee In the
HtaUia mimoil tiveni^e nliout $8. The
price rtingcti ull tho way from i?*' to jftO,
The ri'r-orta nlmw extreuieB of mixed
breedi!)-* thut are enough to drive one
cru-.y. IlorHOH in eoute Ructionn have
boon nearly iniuod by breodintf draft
niuret* tn trnitora. Many couituon furui-
en ure nttempi in�� to cut fiwt trottura.
Not oue in twenty auocoedn. mid a flood
of horwrt no j-oml for imything U poured
upon the tiiimimiilty. mmiliiiK tho price
of them down ku low that It doet uot
just ut preHont pity to breed �� good
hone in thoao localitici.
In tlie tui'lit of tho onnfnilon ft few
fixed condttHionii can heurrived fit One
in Unit pure bred, first cluei -draft horwia
au\ enrriutfo borvoe ure alwuyi in demand, aud trnttore to a considerable extent. t*��i, if oue can be euro they are ko
iug to be fiint. The Clydeadulee. Perch-
eroun, French conch boriH-H and trotters
ure tbo breeds most popular tn tbe states
indicate*. 1. There are also some Shires
und Belgian drafts, with a faint sprin
Itlin*: of tl 11 ironKhbred*. Tbe Hackney ts
practically unknown. Little attempt Is
luude to dorelop breeds of saddle horses.
I'Irh Maeil Preeh Harth.
The pit-iKJU ought to bave a space oi
fresh soil tliut has not been trampled
over for several years for tbe pigs to root
fn. Sncb aoil help*, to correct acidity of
the siomnt'li aiul keep the pig healthy
But where thu rooting is oror land (tiled
with duuompoetug \>k; muntire tbe pi��H
ure sure tu ;:*;t eomo diseaao, and thin le
doubt lens of leu tho means by which the
dreaded trt-'hina is introduced. Tbe pig
likes to bu cleanly. His rooting In fresh
Foil for routs and larva of insects does
uot disprove his preference for olsanb-
nsss.���Amencuu Cultivator
Union Flashes
The barque Louis Walsh is due.
The telegraph line on the French
Creek section was dawn on Saturday.
Richard III left with 1640 tons of coal
for Mare Island, San Francisco.
The Wellington arrived nn Sunday for
a load for Los Angetus.
Mr. Alex Sharpe of Wellington came
up Wednesday, aud returned on  Friday,
Str. Mineola will be due on Friday to
load for San Francisco.
The Glory of the Seas arrived on the
24th and will take 3400 tons to San Fran
cisco.
The married men's team waxed the
single men's team at foot ball on the Union play grounds last Saturday evening.
A Chinaman got crushed, out by the
Lake, last Wednesday. The accident
did not occur in the mines. He is getting betlet.
Capt. Freeman of the Glory of the
Seas and Capt. Randall of the Lome
called on S, Leiser's meat market Wednesday at midnight for 500 pounds of
meat and were promptly supplied.
The excursion of the Joan to Nanaimo last Thursday was a success. Quite
a large number went from here, some
from the settlement, nnd Denman Island.
A good time was bad.
It was quite dusty the latter part of
last week and not a few found their way
to the hotels to clear the cob-webs out of
their throats.
On Saturday the roof of the new Lindsay Hotel was covered with living statuary. They appeared to have something
to do with shingling tbe roof.
The boys expect to have a big time on
July ist., but to commit an hibernictsm
they are uncertain whether the first will
be the day before or the day after. They
will find out in time and the public will
be duly notified.
The tuneful hammer and saw are making music everywhere, and the capacity
of the saw mill is being exerted to its fullest extent. The artist's brush in the hands
of ihe house painter has been moving
rapidly of late. Mr. Delahay's fine cottage has been visited by it as also the of-
hce ol the customs officer.
Soda water, sarsaparalla, lemonade,
pine apple, etc., must be in great demand
up here judging frum the trequent appearance of David Jones of the Puntiedge
soda works on our streets. It wouldn't
seem that he could transport in one load
more than enough to last two days. No
wonder as it is a capital summer drink.
It is hot here when it is hotl The peo
pie aie resorting to awnings, and Grant
^McGregor are busy putting them up.
Setting under one of these in a light suit
of clothes gotten up at J. Abrams, with a
copy of the Weekly News in your hand,
y\ju are pretty iViilf heeled, and' needn't
caie whether school keeps or not,
I noticed the Union Magnet store of
which Mr. K. P. Edwards is the efficient
manager, presented a lively appearance.
In front of the store was a large display
cf all kinds of goods including all the
way from a fine cooking stove to a baby
carriage. The building was receiving a
coat of paint, and even thc genial manager seemed to wear an extra smile. The
place is well named��� a magnet. It is
an attraction which a raws.
GREAT FLOODS.
The Columbia and Fraser Rivers on
a Rampage - Trains Stopped by
the Wild Rush of Wftters-Oul-
verts Destroyed, Bridges Threatened ftnd Lives Lost-Jack Mc-
Cabe Gone to His Reward-
School and Oity Elections at
Nanaimo.
Nanaimo. May 28.��� J. A. Callaghan
was elacted by acclamation this afternoon
to fill the vacancy in the Aldermanfc
Hoard caused by the death of Ralph
Craig. Mr. Callaghan is the C. P. R.
telegraph operater here. He is an old
resident and is well liked.
Thomas Bryant was elected school
trustee this afternoon. He is a storekeeper for the Vancouver Coal Company
and is a thoroughly competent man for
the position.
Ne* Westminster, May 28.���Jack Mc-
Cabe, convict, who with jack Meyer, a-
lias lien. Kennedy attempted to escape
from the Pennitentiary grounds on April
2ird, last, died at 11 n'clock'on Saturday
night from the effect of bullet wounds received lhat day. The Coroner's jury in
the case ofthe officer who.shot McCabe
returned a verdict of justifiable homicide.
Victoria, May 29.���Despatches which
have ncen received show that the losses
caused by the flood and freshets on the
Columbia and Fraser Rivers have been
of the most serious character. The
Canadian Pacific and Great Northern
trains have been stopped by the rush of
waters which have carried away culverts
and threatened a number of substantial
bridges including the C. P, R. structures
at Revelstoke and Mission City. The
Fraser and the Columbia overflowed
their banks, several hundred feet beyond
their accustomed channels, and several
lives have been lost.
The   Cranberry  Swamp.
The swamp on the road between Union and Courtenay is covered in the fall
with cranberries; hence its name. The
Indians gathe- these and sell them at the
Mines. They are small but of the finest
flavor. Sometime probably some one
will sand this swamp and then let the
water over it and convert it into a
paying cranberry marsh. But just now
this place attracts by its beauty. It is
covered with the loveliest violets. They
grow in clusters of various sizes, and hues
and abound in such profusion as to excite
the admiration of one who has the sligh-
est sensitiveness to nature's charms. Oue
needs snow shoes or something of the
kind to prathcr these wild flowers��� children of beauty. They grow on a soft mos
sy bed which protects them from spoliation. And yot there are so many of them
that it seems a pity that they should
waste their sweetness on a wild waste, if
not a desert, air ai least something akin.
Here are hundreds of acres all lesselated
with these sweet faces of nature, flashing
in radiant beauty as you behold them.
There is much of beauty at this season ot
the year in thc forest road between the
valley and the.Mines. There are trees
here and there covered with their white
blossoms, and vines with their variegated
hues, and the small bushes blazing in
gold and purple, but this large flat acreage with its mossy coverlet, shining in
blue and red forms a picture of ravishing
loveliness.
Brick Works.
Mr. Walter and family are stopping at
the Courtsnay House*' Mr. Walter is an
old countryman and having been engaged
tn lhe m-inufature of brick is looking a-
bout with reference to starting brick works
in this district. He finds very satisfac*
lory clay hereabouts, both near Courtenay and in the neighborhood of Union.
There is plenty of need for brick here and
there can be no doubt the manufacture
of brick would pay here, as at present
there is much requirement for bricks ?nd
this is a growing district. The cost of
transportation for brick from below is
necessarily heavy, aud, it follows that we
are at present only using what we are
compelled to, but with reasonably cheap
brick, we may expect them to be used to
some extent for building purposes, especially riijfbt this to be the case in Union.
There ought also to be a good demand
for drain pipe among the farmers. The
greatest results would follow the drainage
ofthe lands in this valley, and with drain
pipes m.inu fact n red here, there should be
a large impetus given to that enterprise.
Later*���Since lhe above was in type
we learn that Mr. Waller has bought a
few acres nf land from Mr. Joseph McPhee, on the Union road a little over a
mile out from Courtenay, where he finds
good clay. He will put up a dwelling
there and establish a prick yard. Some
of the lumber is already on the ground,
and work will begin at once.
Queen's Birthday  Celebration.
All nature seemed jubilant. The day
was bright and warm. The green fields
looked their loveliest, The bird's sung
their sweetest. The groves nodded n
welcome, and the people poured out in
large numbers to join in the general jubilation. It was a patriotic tide. The Bay
was well represented and Union done
nobly. Many took advantage of the excursion to visit Nanaimo. Nevertheless
every vehicle was pressed into service.
But little was done in the forenoon, beyond social greetings, and an abandonment to the charms of the day. Life
seemed worth living in such an atmosphere. The afternoon was filled with the
spons which were heartily enjoyed and,
in the evening came the ball which was
well attended. The supper at the Court-
cn.iy House at midnight was sat down to
by about fifty couples and was highly satisfactorily.
THE SPORTS.
Slow bicycle race���First pri��, J. J.
McKim; 2nd, David Roy.
Long bicycle race���First priie, J. J.
McKim; 2nd, Jack Roe.
One hundred yard dash���Frist prize,
D. E. Wallace; 2nd, 0. Barber.
Girls race under 12���Frist prize, Lena
Hcllen; 2nd, Sarah Mathewson; 3rd,
Georgie Urquhart.
Boys race under 12���First prize, Roderick Lindsay; 2nd, James Creech, 3rd,
Horace McPhee.
Running high jnmp--First and 2nd
prizes a draw between A. Urquhart and
W,J*)avidson.
���Girls race under 16���First prize,
Georgie Urquhart; 2nd, Louise Carter.
Standing high jump���First prize, Murdock McLeod; 2nd, Billy Davidson.
Standing broad iump���First pri",
Jack Roe; and, Ed. McKun.
Egg race���First prize, T. Hudson; 2nd
Robert Gilmore.
Boys race under 16���First prize, Bert
Piercy; 2nd, K. Lindsay.
Walking match���First prize,U. Barber;
2nd jack Roe.
Running broad iump��� First prize,
Jack Roe: 2nd M, McLeod.
Wrestling match���won by O. Barber.
Three legged race��� First prize, Jack
Roe, and D. E. Williams; anu.A. Walker
and R. Roberston.
Oue mile race- First prize, D.E. Wallace; 2nd A. Urquhart.
Horse race��� First prize, Ed Woods;
2nd F. Haudson.
Foot ball���This commenced a liltle be
fore dark and ended with a draw.
Local Brevities
FOR Sale.���A Jersey bull, full pedigree. Apply to John Piket, Cumberland
Hotel, Union
Mr. J. B. Holmes'team was seen yes
terday going past Courtenay, with, a-
mong other things, a load of shingles.
The mail at Courtenay closes on Thurs
day promptly at 6 p. m. and the money
order department at 5 p. m. on same day
The Wellington brought for the mines
twenty likely looking mules. They were
taken up the trail to the Carter Piercy
road and round by way of Courtenay.
The clouds on Sunday afforded the relief which an umbrella does in a small
way and came as a welcome relief after
the few very hot days.
The snow on the mountain tops has
been mHting last of Ute, and the streams
have crowded their banks with the rushing waters.
Ernest N. Dunderdale, general agent
for Vancouver Island ofthe Confederate
Life Association wilt visit this district
this or next weet* in the interest ol his
company which is one ofthe best
Mr. Geo. Roe, the efficient customs officer, and his wife have settled down to
house keeping in their new cottage by
the fast flowing river. They will make a
pleasant addition to Courtenay society.
The new hotel at Union has not yet
been named. The subcommittee to
whom the mutter was referred evidently
find it a tough job. We suggest that the
committee advertise in the News for a
name, offering a reward to any person
who shall fist suggest the name which
the committee shall adopt.
A visit to the dining room ofthe Courtenay House on the evening el the 241b
���Queen's birih-day��� enabled us to get
a view of the handsomest dining hall we
have seen far some time. The design of
the finish is very perfect and the room
barring a shade in the trimming colors,
which slightly varies, is very pleasing in
its eflect.
The Joan last Wednesday brought up/
some immense drums for the Union Colliery, and a large amount of freight generally. It had the following passenger
list: B. Palmer, Mr. Mclntyre, Douglas
Dick, W. H. Walter, Mrs. Waller, J.
Walter and H. Pedison, Victoria; Mrs.
Cliffe from Duncans; I. Sargent, Meredith P. Dunn, J. Urquhart, H. Urquhart,
W. R. Angers, I. D. Bennett, J. Pnuley,
J. Balchelor, Christ Jacobson, R, Math-
ewBon, C. Dempster, Mr. Gewgesen, W,
E. Hay, F. C. Buschke, G. F. Drabble,
Mrs. J. McPhee.
Mr. Begg ofthe Victoria Colonist was
up here on the 24th and took in the
sports. He appeared to appreciate the
beauties of this magnificent farming valley, and the utilitarian importance of the
mines. It seems strange that the Victor
ia Press so little understands the importance of a section so richly endowed with
natural wealth as this and which is directly tributary to Victoria while it risks
breaking its neck in its frantic efforts to
gather up rumors nf mining prospects
hundreds of miles east where more silver
and gold have been sunk than have ever
been taken out. We hope Mr. Begj will
enlighten them.
Union Cothing Store.
Goods At Cost.
For the next thirty days you can purchase at the Union Clothing Store Cloth
ing, Hats, Boots, Shoes, White and Col-
ord Shirts, Collars, Cuffs, Gents under
Clothing, Socks, Overalls, Cardigan Jack
ets at cost. The above goods all new.
Please call and inspect goods. Suits
made to order at the lowest possible price
Provincial Secretary's Office,
His honor the Lietuenant-Governor
has been pleased to make the following
appointments:���
16th April, 1894.
To be Justices ofthe Peace:���
William May Halliday, of King-
combe Inlet, Esquire, within and for the
Comnx Electorial District, and William
Adams, of Lightning Creek, Esquire, M.
P.P., within and for the County of
Cariboo.
Notice to Contractors.
Sealed Tenders will be received by
the undersigned up to noon of Thursday,
June 7th, 1894, for certain work to be
done on the Lower Prairie road; Tsolum
River road; Black Creek road; Cross
road; Upper Prairie road and Little
Rivei road.
Flans snd Specifications can be seen at
the office of the undersigned on and
after May 25th from 9 till 12 m., and
from 1 till S p.m.
Tenders must be made upon the prin
ted form which will be supplied for that
purpose.
The lowest or any tender not necessarily accepted.
S. Creech,
Gov't Agent.
Notice.
To the readers ofthe "Weekly News":
Mr. A. Uptaker, the Jeweller, late of
Vnncourer, B. C. has opened up an establishment in McKclvey's house at Cour
tcnay, B. C, witb a choice stock of
"Watches, jewellry, Musical Instruments,
Stationery, Tobaccos, Cigars, and smoker's articles as well ns notions, etc., etc,
Mr. Upiakcr otherwise known by his pot*
ular nickname as "Barnev" is well known
in this locality and the Union Mines.
Watch and Jewellry repairing promptly and neatly done.
Board Meeting.
The Directors of the Comnx Agricultural and Industrial Association met on
the 22nd inst at the residence of President McPhee.
The resignation of M. Whitney as officer in the Association received and accepted.
J. A. Halliday was appointed Secret.v
ry , J, Mundell a member of the Finance
Committee, and J. McPhee on Revision
Committee.
300 copies nf the constitution nnd bylaws and prize list to be printed in pham-
phlet form were ordered from thc News
Office, the price to be the same as charged for advertisiug last year.
Thc district was divided off into sub-
sections for canvassing purposes as follows: From Finley estate north on Upper Prairie road, W. H. Grieve; from
Finley estate south to Mathewson's, 1.
Mundell; from S. F. Crawford, north,
lower road, S. Piercy; Comox School
district, John J. R. Miller; Courtenay,
Mines, and along tlie beach to Roys- j.
McPhee; Hornby, George Heatherbell;
and Denman Island, A. McMillan.
Notice  to   Tax-Payers.
Assessed and Provincial Revenue
Taxes will be received by the undersigned .it his office, in his residence,
Comox Buy, between lhe hours of 9 n.m.
antl 5 p.m. No taxes ofany description
taken after tliut hour. Taxpayers are
respectfully requested not to offer any
assessed taxes outside of oflice as it Is
ngainst regulations tn receive them thus.,
and they cannot he accepted. Shouts] I
undersigned be at any time away on
other business a substitute will be at
oflice to receive taxes.
W. B. Anderson.
Collector,
Comox, May 23rd, 1894. CIRCUMSTANTIAL EVIDENCE.
WHAT    A    VETERAN    DETECTIV E
THINKS OF IT.
.tinny Convictions in Canada iu ths Pan
Twenty Wears ami sfat a Btngle in*
itnnee "it'iier*-  u  Uiu  Keen   Ctalroeil
Tliut  tin-   Accused Was   WronfffUllj
Condemned,
Chief Government  Detective John Murray has been engaged in more Important
murder ensea than any other single man In
this oountry, if not on this continent, and
bfs opinion on evidence is therefore of the
highest valin.   He wis Interviewed on tin
MacW berrell oata the other day.
Ves, aaid Air. Murray, I ohservo all
those people who Inveigh against circum
itantial evidence nre at it again. Tlm oase
-.it MaoWherrell just uow naturally excite.*-
lonifl sympathy, anil it is qiiitu easy to I'm 1
instances in which innocent men have suffered nn oiroutnstantlal evldonco, for nothing human is perfect; no, not even the courts
and juries. More people havo sufl'ered
innocently hy edireot evidence, however,
than by circumstantial evidence���very many
more. Uf this there is not a particle of
iloubt. Nothing iu legal annals is more
clearly proved, and a little reflection will
ihow the reason. Circumstantial evidence
ts often nuicliHtrongei* thandirectevidence,
because direct evidence cun bo manufactured by au ordinary intellect, while the fabrication of a great congeries of alleged
circumstances so that the separate allegations will agree wllli each oilier, and all
known foots, demands the very highest kind
of talent. Kven then it fails iu a majority
of eases.
THK HIRCHAM, CASE.
Any  fool iu thc township of Blenheim
ut it you publish them all will not have
inch space for other news.
A F��W WOBDS IN   CONCLU-ilOS.
The beauty of circumstantial evidence lies
���I the fact that the truth must always con-
ist with itself. The worst crimes as a rule
ui only be  proved by circumstantial evi*
And it certainly ought to comfort the
iritlci to know that where one innocent
person lua suffered from circumstantial
viileiico the records will show at least 10,-
mi) havo been acqulted. Nevertheless in*
looent men have suffered hy circumstantial
ividencc. Nothing liko as many as is gen*
ll ally supposed, but still too mar.y. Hut
;������ almost every caBe it will he found on
inquiry that the character of the accused
.ms against him.
PRACTICAL FARMING
BRITISH COMMERCIAL UNION.
Ur. Van SaiiMiit-r 1'iiU In n 1'len lor Closer ��;.'lnlt.iiii,
might have sworn positively and witli
air of solemn stneority that he saw Hirchall
shoot Henwell iu the swamp of death, but
ft would havo puzzled all the detectives in
the country, or in any other country, to
arrange those circumstances���the advertisements in the London newspapers for gentlemen's sons to do gentlemen farming in
Canada, meeting 1'elly and Henwell at tbo
i'rimroso Club in Loudon, the travel from
Loudon   to   Liverpool  on   the train,  the
EaBsago ou tbe steamship Hritannica from
iverpool to New York, the trip from New
York to Buffalo, from Buffalo to tho Blenheim Hwuinp and back to Buffalo attain, the
telegrams to New York and Buffalo, the
letter to Henwell'a father about, the type*
writing, the cigar holder caBe, otc.
THK MURDER OP 1>K. PARKSIAK-
Any man iu Boston might have sworn
positively that he saw Prof. John White,
WebBter kill Dr. Parkm&n, but it would
have puzzled all the detootives in Boston
to arrange those circumstances : The teeth
in the furnaco, tho flesh in thc vault, the
fragments of a body with hair bucIi aB
Dr. Farkman was known to have, the peculiar smoke aoen by a total Btraugor issuing from the chimney, etc
SHOT DOWN HIS KMl'LOVEn.
William Smith was convicted of the
murder of Ralph Finlay in the Township ot
.Sombra, Lambton County, in 1875. Smith
had bought poison in the village of St.
Louis, Michigan, two years previous to the
murder, and gave Mrs. Finlay the poison
to get rid of her husband. It waB proven at
the trial that Smith had improper intimacy
with Mrs. Finlay. At tht coroner's inquest
she swore positively that she knew nothing
about how her huBband came to his death ;
that she thou jtht when she saw him lying
dead on the barn lloor that he had been
kicked by one of tin* horses. Subsequently
she and' Smith were arrested, and at the
preliminary examination before the magistrates, when ahe heard the chain of circumstantial evidence, she broke down and
made a statement of how sho and Smith
conspired to murder her husband. At the
trial the defence objected to the statement
made by Mm. Finlay to be used as evidence
against Smith. The judge allowed the
statement to bo read. Smith was convicted
and sentenced to bo banged. Tho defence
applied for a new trial, and the case waB,
brought betore tho Privy Council in Eng* I
laud and they concurred in the ruling of
the trial judge. However, Smith's sentence
was commuted to imprisonment for life, it
wua a long, tedious trial.
THE CASK OK THE YOUNGS.
John Young and William James Young
for the murder of Abel McDonald in the
county of Haldimand in 1870* John Young
was exocuted lu Cayuga Sept. 'JO of the
same year. William James* sentenco was
commuted to imprisonment for life. Abel
McDonald, a farmer living in the Township
of Walpote, drove trom his home to Caledonia with a load of wheat to sell. On his
way homo he was robbed and murdered by
tho Youngs. After the Youngs were convicted and sentenced to ha hanged they
broke jail in Cayuga, getaway and were
secreted in an old barn in the township of
Ancaster a few miles* from Hamilton, where
���!, they wero subsequently captured. The
' notorious two Barber girla from Caledonia,
who were witnesses for the Youngs at their
trial, brought provisions to their biding
place.
BURNED HIS WIFE  IS A STOVE,
K. Ward, for the murder of his wife,
Mary Ward, township of Caledou, county
��� feel, in March, ltt/0. He was tried in
. Brampton, convicted and sentenced lo be
executed in .Tune the samo year. The
theory of the crown was that he murdered
hit wife while in bed, cut her up iu pieces,
burned her in the stovo, using tallow he
had in his cellar to make artificial heat,
Bet fire to his house and then went to his
father's home badly burnt aud told what a
narrow escapo ho had with his life,
A MA N't TOL-LIN   ISLAND THAUEDY,
Qeorge Amer and Reuben Amur, bis son,
for tho murder of Bryan and his son on
Manltoulin Island in June, 1877* were tried
and convicted at Sault Ste, Marie and sentenced to be hanged; theso scutunccs were
commuted to imprisonment for life The
Amers and Hryuns lived ou adjoining farms
in a lonely place on thu Island. The near*
i*nt. house to whoro they lived was about
six miles away. The Bryans and tho Amors
wero not friendly towards each other,
Atiier's hora-u got into Bryan's wheat Held,
BryaiiH impounded Amers liorsen in their
yard. When tho Amers came to take the
uuimalif away the Bryans refused to let
Amer have the horses until they would pay
for damages dono by thu horSQI iu a wheat
field. However, a fight started between
both parties. Bryan and his nou wero
getting ihe best of thc light, when old
Amer told hia sun Reuben, who hud a revolver, to shoot. He shot and killed both
of the Bryans, The tragedy occurred in a
lonely place, and the only person who lived
with the Bryans waB an old woman, who
was idiotic, aud not caj>ablu of giving information or evidence.
Amongst thc many evidences now crowding upon public attention of the de-tire for
closer union and better commercial relations
among the British countries and communities settled around the world, whose highway of inter-communication Canada ia today, and will be more ao in future, we have
uo hesitation in mentioning an illustrated
hook by Mr. J, Van Sommer, jr. Mr. Van
Sommer has travelled muoh, and what he
tell a us haa the backing of the practical
experience of an observing man with a
commercial training, Nothing could be
bet-cr iiaid than the following remark in the
author's introductory page, fully verified as
it has been within the past week or two in
the utterances of the London press on Canadian affairs : " The course of events is
surely tending towards a critical period of
our Umpire. Nearly every past crisis has
mrned on the action of aome commanding
mind and now the people act collectively."
The Australian movement for union of the
Empire ; the expansion of Canadian trade
with Australia and the Mother Country, aa
well as the development of Africa, were
noted and pretty accurately estimated by
this Toronto business man bofore the conference, which will soon sit at Ottawa, advised
and approved by tho exponents of the beat
public opinion in Kngland, had been arranged nr perhaps meditated.
Mr. Van Summer's opening chapters are
taken up with thc building of England's
fleet; the discovery or settlement of the
colonies between 1(300 and 189.'); a sketch
of Australia and of tho Australian ayatem,
as well as tho federation movement; the
commercial development of Canada and our
increasing interest in the commerce of the
world ; the formation of the Colonial party
in Westminster, and collated arguments in
the way of trade statistics and opinions, all
of which are very interesting and valuable
on their own merits. It muat have taken
a great deal of time and industry to get
together and arrange so intelligently and
attractively thc niasa of figures here introduced for the purpose of promoting tho
main argument. Information that wilt be
new to most readers ia contained in the
chapter concerning the recent history of
thc Cape Colonies, and their hopes of settling upon a practical lusis of union or federation with the rest of tho Empire, added
to which ia a brief accuunt of the Imperial
Federation League, and the establishment
of the Imperial Institute in London.
A review of the growth, present extent
and prestige of the Empire would be incom
plete If attention had not been paid to the
demand made during the last year for Imperial defence and the supremacy of England's naval power for the protection of
the great commercial interests of the British nations of the world. Having logically
argued the mutuality of these interests,
Mr. Van Summer faces this conclusion
fairly: that commercial union of the British
Empire has now become a live question of
polities, along with t'*e "concentration of
defensive power for the protection and development of internal resources." He adds
that "many different events in the hiBtory
of the world aeem to combine in leading up
to and preparing the way for the mutual
accomplishment of this work by Britain
and her people."
AN ELECTRICAL OMNIBUS.
A New Vehicle Soon to Be Placed on  lhe
Hlreelj- or London.
For several .years electric omnibuses hav<-
boen in aervice on London streets, but after
mucii oxperimenting they have just reached
a type of perfection, and the one shown in
the cut will soon be running in London. The
electrical omnibuamade ita first trip through
the streets of London in ihe aummer o
1S8S, and attracted considerable attention
Items for Poultry Keepers.
There is no branch of rural industry that
is so generally followed, yet ia so systematically neglected on the farm, aa poultry
raising. There are few families in rural
localities, or even in rural villages, who do
not keep a few hens ; but the fowls are so
generally left to shift for themselves that
they do not prove as remunerative aa they
otherwise might.
"Hen's time" haa become a aynonym
for time that is worthless ; that bas been
utterly wanted-and ia profit less. Nevertheless, the hen makea good uae of her
time. Let one into the newly made
garden and aee If aho does not, Poultry
pay 4 much or little according to the time
and attention beatowed upon it. Well
cared for, there is no stock that can be
kept on the farm that will bring so large a
profit.
���So much ia written on the subject of
poultry that little which is new can be
said ; but It ia only by repetition, -'line
upon line, precept upon precept," that one
can reach a certain class of readers.
The following items may contain some
thing which is new to aome who still keep
the common hena and hatch their chickens
by what some one has denominated " hen
power," inatead of incubatora.
The hens ahould bo allowed to alt early,
if they become broody ; early broods make
profitable market fowla for early autumn
and early winter layers.
Tho neat in which the brood is to be
hatched shuuld be clean, fresh and free
from vermin. Sulphur or tobacco ahould
bo sprinkled about it freely. The nest
Bhould not be in a barrel, keg or deep box.
The hen should be able to walk into it,
not jump down onto the eggs. If poasible,
it ahould be in a quiet secluded place.
A fresh sod Bhould form the bottom of
tho neat. It ahould be placed grass aide
down, in auch manner that there will be a
hollow iu the middle to form a neat large
enough to hold the egga and keep them
from rolling out. On the sod ahould be
placed soft nay or straw. The sod serves
a double purpose. It supplies needed mois
ture to the eggs, and helps to secure, aud
keep up, au even temperature.
The egga chosen should bo uniform size.
If cockerels are wanted, select the largest
and longest egga; if pullets, the shorter
ones. The egga should not be more than
three or four aaya old. If kept longer than
thia they are not likely to hatch well, The
hatching proceaa often begina in hot weather, before the egga are placed under a hen,
for leaa heat is needed at that time than at
any subsequent period of incubation. The
process goes on slowly until more heat ia
needed, or the egga become cold enough to:
kill the germ. Such an egg will not hatch
afterward. If unchillcd egga of different
agea are given to the hen, they will hatch
at different times. But if those chosen be
only a few houra old, and aa nearly aa possible of tho aame age, they will hatch uniformly, and muoh trouble of the hen leaving her neat with but half the brood will
be avoided.
The Bhells of the egga ahould be smooth
and not too thin. If ono should be broken
iu the nest the others should be removed
and carefully washed in warm water, elae
others may be broken.
THE BRITISH ARMY.
Diversified Farming.
ONE UK THE  KlltST OMNIBUSES,
One of tho early runs was over a distance of
nearly four miles, taklngthlrty-fivo minutes,
and tho experience which waa gained in ita
working demonstrated that the knowledge
necessary for driving it could be picked up
by an ordinary cab or omnibus driver in a
few days, no greater skill being required to
handlo auch a vehicle with pre-nsion and
safety thun was necessary in the caae of a
horao 'Ima or cab. Each car could easily
make six fourteen-mile trips per day, or a
total ot 588 milea per week per car, giving
a total of 11,7 JU miles of service per week.
Thu now car ia a full-sized tweuty-six
pusBunger omnibus. It has two batteries of
accumulators, ench weighing about seventeen hundredweight. These go under the
seats.
tin* rintKitiNi* -h-tra'ik.
Burk and McPhcrson, for the murder of
Mrs. Bennett of the township of Pickering
county Ontario, in 1878, were tried, convicted and sentenced to be hanged, but
their sentences were commuted to imprisonment for life. Mra. Bennett was the wife
of a laboring farmer who lived in a lonely-
place wilh her three small children. Tin;
accused broke into far house in the night
and UHed ber in tho most bruUl manner.
From the injuries ahe received aim died in a
few days.
All the prisoners -wen: defended Iiy the
most eminent eouuset ot the day, the late
Matthew CrookaCbrtmronor John Hillynrd
Cameron being retained in many uf thc
oasst, having worked up tho t-videnoo for
the crown in all tlie ulu-vo cases himself. I
am naturally familiar with all the details.
In every instance the convictions were secured solely ou alrouimtantlal evidence. I
have yet Lo Hoar a Binj'le person outside ol
tbe Immediate relative! of the accused who
havo expressed au opluion that they were
unjustly convicted.
I oould mention several other esses of a
similar nature   which  i  have   worked up,
Tobacco Insanity,
The French Government, recognizing the
deteriorating influence of tobucco upon tho
young, him prohibited ita use by students
in thu pubbe schools, Swiss Government
will not tolerate that tobacco be sold to
juniors. Buys found sm'oking in the streeta
arc now promptly arretted ami punished.
Punishment is also muluil out to lliose who
sell them tobacco. Dr. Bremei of St. Vincent's Institution for the Insane, at St.
Louis, has called attention to the fact that
tobacco-smoking by the young produces
moutal aud moral deterioration, while in
older peraoiiB it produces brain-disease and
insanity. He cites Kant's obscure style and
Carlyle'a irascibility as effects produced by
tobacco. In view of many facta which lately have boen brought up against tobacco, it
iB strange that the medical profession ia
not  unanimous in ita opposition to the
wcet
He Gave In.
Barber: "Poor Jim has been aent to an
insane asylum."
Victim (in chair) : " Who's Jim?"
"Jim Is my twin brother, sir. Jim haa
long been brondin' over the hard times an'
I suppose he finally got crazy."
" Hum 1   Not unlikely."
"Ves, he and me has worked side by aido
for years* and wo were ao alike wo couldn't
tell each other apart. We both brooded a
good ileal too. No money in this business
aay more."
What's the matter with it'*1''
Prices too low. Unless a customer
tal'es a shampoo or something, it doesn't
pay to ahave or hair-cut. Poor Jim I I
oaught him trying to out a customer's
throat be<Mii.'" he refused a aliampoo, and
so I had to have thc poor fellow locked up.
Makea mu very melancholy. Sometimes 1
feel suiry I didn't let him Hlaah all h
wanted lu. Il might havo saved hia reasoo
Shampoo, air?"
"V-e-es. air."
A correspondent writes:��� Thia subject now
being advaneed and urged upon the farmer
aa hia only salvation, ia of the highest importance. For it ia about time that the
farmers turn their attention in that direction. If you are farming after the manner
of the majority in the Northwest, to get
out of the new soil all there is in it, quit
before you have rutued the land for future
generations. Wheat! Wheat! Nothing
but wheat! It can't be done with success.
How I love to go into a small farm and aee
a few cows, hogs, colts, chickens, sheep,
and if the farmer is a reader, and is keeping posted, and his atock are of good blood
why, I think I have found a true farmer.
Vou must, to speak plain, be in love with
your business. I will say, if I had not always been a lover of atock, the few Jeraey
cattle I have would aoon make me an enthusiastic Btock raiaer. To all grain farmers, who intend to branch out into stock
ariaing, I would aay, be patient. Vou
can not get well started in one season, but
set your mark, and shoot for it. I was
told by an old farmer, when I left the city
for the farm, not tobe afraid to run in debt
for all the stock I oould care for, for thay
would outgrow interest. I thank that man
for if I had not taken hia advice 1 ahould
have been obliged to leave the farm years
ago.
Diversify. Don't depend entirely on
wheat. Raise all you can, but raise other
cereals, too, ao that if the option gambler
has your wheat below the cost of production
or what it is actually worth, keep it and sell
something else, If we all do that we will
aoon regulcte prieea. Do not go wild over
some ono crop because it brings a high price
at present. Be careful about flax. A high
priced seed often br'nga a cheap harvest.
Feed grain that will produce meat,
for we will not easily cause an overproduction in that line.
Building Up a Flock.
On a farm one of the cheapest aa welt as
one uf the best, ways of building up a flock
of aheep ia to select the best of the ewea and
breed tu full blood ram of a good breed-
one that ia beit adapted to your locality
and the purpose for whioh you are keeping
sheep. Keop on selecting the ewea, selecting a new ram every two years in order to
infuse new blood. There is five times aa
much profit in mutton as in the fleece. A
sheep may be fed for one-seventh of the
food that an ox requires and will make a
growth of nearly three-quarters of a pound
a day for the 280 days of ita life, when it
becomea excellent mutton. For 000 daya it
will make nearly a half pound a day. Such
sheep will net aix cents a pound at the
farm ; but such aheep, too, having a large
carcass, will have a large fleece in propor*
tion.
Future of the Mutton Industry.
If there ia one feature of farm life that
gives promise of a most excellent and
promising future it is that of the mutton
industry, To this there il no possibility of
damage fora score of years to come unless
it ia done by those who are the most interested in promoting it. Thero ia no more
luscious or tasteful meat known to man,
and we expect none, than well-fed, early
matured mutton ; and people are very faat
finding it out. They will pay more for it
aa the years pasa than less, but it must be
aa described���well fed, young, tender and
luscious.
Its  Kecnlllnit nmd   Desertion*  and   lis
Toui Available Force'
Some very interesting statiitics are presented in the recent official returns of the
condition of the British army. It appears
that ita aggregate strength on the first day
of the present year waa above 210,000, being
the largest ever known under the preaent
establishment, and, in fact, exceeding by
about 3,000 the authorized maximum. It ja
naturally impossible, with the constant re-
cuiting aud discharging, to keep the force
alwaya at the exact point aet by law, but
the purpose doubtless is to keep the average for thn year olose to the maximum, and,
indeed, it was 21(1,400.    ;
Of the 219,000 men thus spoken of, about
105,500 were serving in Great Britain and
Ireland; 32,500 in the Colonies; 77.000 in
India, and 5,000 in Egypt. The recuiting
for last year added 35,000 men to offset the
deaths, discharges, desertions, aod so on,
London led off, as usual, with 5,355 recuits,
and then followed Manchester with nearly
1,000, Glasgow with 922, Birmingham with
850, and Dublin with 717. In the British
system of recuiting certain physical standards are set, but" special" enlistments are
also allowed. Thua laat year no fewer than
3,103 men were enlisted who were under 6
feet 4 inchea in height, 4,078 who were under 33 inches cheat measurement, and
1,607 who wen under the minimum standard of weight. Still, there were fewer of
auch " special" enlistments than during the
year before, whioh ihowa Lhat recuiting waa
favorable. And for the first time in very
many yeara the infantry of the line was re-
oulted beyond its authorized strength.
The desertions for the year were a little
more than 4,800,and the previous year thoy
had been 4,962, However, the percentage
of desertiona to the numbrr of recruits enlisted waa in the British army 13.7 last
year, against 11.9 the year before. It ts
rather difficult to trace the exact reasons
for such variations.
An important institution in the British
army, is the reserve. There were 17,828
men transferred from the army to the army
reserve in 1891, and 17,751 in 1892, with
but a few hundred leaa lost year. The
total number on Jan. I lost seems to have
been 80,530, The militia, enrolled ab the
inspection dates last year.numbered nearly
124,700, while the yeomanry were nearly
10,400 strong. The volunteers, on Nov, 1
last numbered nearly 227,000, and the
militia reserve 31,000. The army reserve
haa been continually increasing for the last
twenty yeara, bnt from special causes there
may be a Blackening in this increase next
year. However a permanent, first-class
reserve of between 70,000 and 80,000 oau be
counted ou. Out of the militia many men
joined the regular army, navy, and ma*
rinea. The yeomanry cavalry has been decreasing for some yeara, but the volunteer
force continuea to show an upward tendency.
According to the London Standard, at no
previous timo hat there been solat go a force of
enrolled men available for aervioein case of
need. Firat cornea the regular army, with
nearly 220,000 of all ranks. These could be
immediately supplemented by 80,000 army
reserve men and 30,000 militia reserve,
making in all 330,000 men available for aervice abroad, Almost exactly the same
number would then remain enrolled for home
defence, namely 228,000 volunteera, 94,000
militia, and 10,000 yoemanry, making 332,* I
900.   Thua the aggregate for foreign and
A WOMAN'S SUFFERINGS,
HOW A HALDIMAND COUNTY LADY
REGAINED HEALTH.
She  Suffered   KxcruclatlBg   fains   From
Hrirtilru-For Four Months *wa�� Forced
.Nerve Pain Cure*
Poison's Nervilino curea flatulence,ohilla,
and   spasms.   Nerviline  cures   vomiting,
diarrhoea, cholera.and dyaentery. Nerviline
cures  headache, aea sickness and summer
complaint,    Norvilino   curea    neuralgia,
toothache, lumbago, and sciatica. Nerviline
cures sprains, bruises, cuts, Sea.    Polaon's
I Nerviline ia the beat remedy in the world,
(o 1st* Cralchea-Relief mo* obtained , uml only costs 10 and 25 centa to try it.
in.*, m��� . �� ������    - -   - f Sample and large bottles at any drug store.
Try Poison's Nerviline.
Alter Many Beiufdltt Failed.
-t-rom the Selkirk Item,
There have been rumors of lato in Selkirk of what was termed a miraculous euro
from a long illness of a lady living in Bain-
ham township, a few milea from town. So
much talk did the caae give rise to that
the Item determined to investigate the
matter with a view to publishing the facta.
Mrs. Jacob Fry is the wifo of a welt-
known farmer and it was ahe who waa aaid
to have been so wonderfully helped. When
the reporter called upon her, Mra. Fry consented to give the facts of the caae and said
���"I was ill for nearly a yoar and for four
months oould not move my limb because of
sciatica, and was compelled to uae crutches
toget around. My limb would swell up
and I suffered excruciating pains which
would run down from the hip to the knee.
I Buffered bo muoh that my health was generally bad. I tried doctora and patent
medioines.but got no help until I began the
use of Ur. Williams1 Pink Pilla. Almost
from tho outset these helped mo and I mod
six boxes In all, and aince that time have
been a well woman, having heen entirely
free from pain, and having no further uae
for medioine. I am prepared to tell anybody and everybody what thia wonderful
medioine has done for me, for 1 feel very
grateful for the great good tho Pink Pills
wrought in my case."
The reporter called on a number of Mra.
Fry'a neighbors who corroborated what ahe
aaid aa to her painful and helpleaa condition
before ahe began the uae of Dr. Williama'
Pink Pilla.
Mr. M. F. Derby, chemist, of the firm of
Derby <fe Derby, Selkirk, was also seen.
Mr. Derby aaid he knew of tbe case of Mra.
Fry, aud that what she said regarding it
was worthy of every credence, bhe had
herself told him of the great benefit she had
derived from the use of Pink Pilla, He
further said that thoy had sold Pink Pills
for a number of yeara and found the sale
conatantly increasing, which waa due beyond a doubt to the great satisfaction tho
pilla gave those using them.
An analysis of their propertiea ahow
that theae pills arc an unfailing specific for
all troubles arising from an impairment of
tbe nervous system or impoverished blood, I
such aa loaa of appetite, depression of
spirits, aotumia, chlorosis or green Bickneas,
general muscular weakness, dizziness, loss
of memory, locomotor ataxia, paralyaia,
sciatica, rheumatism, St. Vitus' dance, the
after etfecta of la grippe, scrofula, cbonic
erysipelas, etc. They are also a specitic for
the troubles peculiar to the female system,
correcting irregularitiea, suppressions and
all forma of female weakness, building
a new the blood onp restoring the glow of
health to pale and aallow cheeks. In the
caae of men they effect a radical cure in all
diseases arising from mental worry, overwork or excesses of any nature. Theae
pilla are not a purgative medicine. They
contain only life-giving propertiea and
nothing that oould injure the most delicate
system.
An ordinary codfish yields 45,000,000
egga eaoh season. Aa many as 9,500,000
egga hare been found in a ainglo roe,
A Toronto Coroner's Verdict.
Dr.W.A. Young,Coroner,145 College St.,
Toronto, writes that he haa usedHt.Leon Water very largely in hit private practice, and
can endorse it as one of the beat saline
waters at preaent on the market and positively curative in its effects. Sold by all
principal druggists, grocers and hotels.       ,
The Caspian Sea ia the lowest body o
water in tne world. For several centuries
it haa been gradually aiuking.
X say, Tom, my wife sot a bar of Wide '
Awake Soap last week: she says it la
*.._.���. _.. .     j       j
night
M
HITS."'
OLD, CHRONIO
PAINS
SUCCUMB TO
ST. JACOBS OIL
IT
HITS
THI SPOT
ANDOUMS.
the beat she overused for washing. X
tried It In my bath on Saturday night
and I tell you it beats them all for a
tried It In my bath on Saturday
and I tell you It beats thei
toilet soap.  You Just try It.
To protect an invention all over tho
world, sixty-four patents are required.
They cost $17,600.
REUIPB
For Making Hoot Beer.
During the summer months a more de-
lielous drink than Root Beer could not be
deafred.   For the benefit of our readers we
give this recipe.   Take
Solder's Root Beer Extract     -     one bottle
Yeast        ��� half a cake
Sugar     - -  4 1bn.
Luke Warm Water       -        -       5 gallons
Diaaol ve the sugar and yeast in the water,
add the extract, and bottle, place In a warm
place for twenty-four hours until it ferments, then place on ice, when it will open
sparkling and delicious.
The Root Beer Extract oan be obtained
at all (Jrojers' and Drug Stores, at 25c.per
bottle.
An insurance company in Philadelphia
declinea to insure the Uvea of foot-ball
players.
Wide Awake people are never fooled
by buying their laundry soap In cakes.
The new mammoth quartette bar Wide
Awake Is the best and oheapeat you oan
use for all purposes. Try It.
Doctora in Franoe get in their bills as
aoon aa possible after a patient dies. The
law decrees that their bills are the first to
be paid,
Diseases are oftem difficult to remedy,
SCOTT'S
EMULSION
OF PURE NORWEGIAN COD LIVER
OIL AND HYPOPHOSPHITES
OF LIME AND SODA,
will restore a lost appetite- lost flesh,
and check wasting diseases, especially in children, with wonderful rapidity.
Coughs and colds are oaslly killed by a
few doses of this remarkable remedy.
PALATABLE AS MILK. Besuretogeti
the genuine, put up in salmon-colored\
wrapper*. I
Prepared only jy Scott ABotMtBsllajUW
,���" ���*-"���*,��� ""? ��KKf��K*J�� --"- *a���*a "�� 'Dr. Williama Pink, Pills are sold only in
teflo'nnn10*'1?0"60' emBr��eno^ would boxes bearing the firm'a trade mark ind
be 062,000 men.   ���** -
Commencing Well.
A worthy bailie in the county of Fife had
been reoently elected to a aeat on the magisterial benoh. Prior to his election he had
visited Edinburgh, and had been preaent
when a Lord of Sea-ion passed aentenoe of
death on a murderer.
Un hia return a man waa brought before
him, charged with robbing a hen-roost, and
,the evidence being overwhelming against
the prisoner, the luillie rose to the occasion,
and thua addressed him iu passing sentence :
"John Thompson, the Lord hath blessed
you with health and strength, in spite of
which you go about atealing chickens. The
sentence of the Court upon you ia twenty-
one days with hard labour, and may the
Lord have mercy on your soul I"
Off His Guard.
"How many years have you boen dumb?
flyrnpatically aaked a gentleman of a beggar who pretended to be bereft of speech.
"Five yeara air," replied the impoator,
completely taken o(F hia guard.   .
2,000 men. ^^^^
ITEMS OP INTEREST.
Specif����� or risk���Dealers la France-A
spoenleu Milliard Pot-A Milk Thief,
etc, etc.
There are over 0,000 postmistresses in
the United States.
Sarah Bernhardt has earned and cpent
more money than any other living actress.
In the last twenty years she haa earned
fully $2,000,000, and circulated it witb the
extravagance of a princess.
To make animala unconscious, before
slaughtering, is considered humane in
Berne, Switzerland, A test waa recently
made there by legal enactment, and it took
aix quarts of alcohol to render an ox unfeelingly drunk.
A spoonleaa mustard-pot iaa recent invention. By preaaing a piston-rod in an
air-tight receptacle, tbe requisite amount
of mustard is forced through a suitable
spout. The air being excluded, the muate-rd
ia always freah.
There were many expressions of wonder
by persons who chanced to be outin a rainstorm at Pocatello, Idaho. Tbe rain had
a peouliar whiteness, and left white spots on
the clothing, like mud. They were examined, and found to be the residuum of aalt
water.
At an auction near Neahaming Falls, Pa.,
among numerous other articles put under
the hammer, were twenty-five hives of bees.
A boy accidentally disturbed one of the
hives, and about 3,000 angry bees at once
rushed out and caused 1200 people to scatter
in all directions.
Judge J. W, Proctor, of Glenwood, Flo,,
reoently married Mias Elizabeth Maddox,
of Athena, (>a. Neither had seen the other
until within one hour of tho time fixed for
the ceremony, It was a caae of postal
courlahip, all the preliminaries having been
arranged by correspondence.
A oloae watch was kept upon the cows of
a farmer at High Shoals, Go, In the morning, for weeks, they had ahown signs of
having been mysteriously milked, The observer caught the thief in the net, and he
proved to be a huge bullfrog, that waa
hanging on to the cow's udder, and aeemei
to be enjoying hia dinner.
Retrospective.
Edith���" I thought you and Mabel were
fast friends."
Nellie���"We uaed to be."
" And you are not now ?"
"No."
"What was his name?"
A Determined Woman.
recently knocked down a burglar and held
himuntil the arrival of aaalatanoe. Dr.
P'erce's Golden Medical Discovery iaa medi-
cincth.itchocks the frightful inroadaof Scrofula, and if taken in time, arreita tbe march
of Pulmonary Consumption. It curea indigestion and dyspepaia, chronic diarrhoea and
similar ailments. Thia wonderful medioine
haa alao gained great celebrity in curing
fever and ague, chills and fever, dumb ague,
and like diseases.
Asthma cured by newly discovered treatment, Addresa, for free pamphlet, testimonials and references, World'a Dispensary
Medical Association, Buffalo, N. Y,
Lucky Adam.
Littio Johnny���"Solomon was the wisest
man, but Adam waa the luckiest."
Little Ethel���" Why waa he."
Little Johnny��� '"Cauae when Adam was
a boy there wasn't a sohool-houae in the
whole world."
Dame Experience
Has convinced many that to uae any of the
substitutes offered for the only aure-pop
and painless corn aure la attended with
danger. Get alwaya and uae none other
than Putnam'a Painless Corn Extractor, for
sore producing substitutes are offered juat
aa good aa Putnam's Corn Extractor. Safe,
sure, painless.
Jn the public schools of Germany the
girls are taught to sow.
Wide Awako people buy Wide Awake
Soap because It Is the best and cheapest
thoy can get.  Try It.
A circus in Arizona accepted farm produce and various other articles in payment
of the admission fee. One man tendered a
fat hen, aecured liis ticket, and received a
chicken aa change.
Wash your linen with Wide Awake
Soni) and see how beautifully white it
wilt ba
wrapper printed in red ink. Bear in mind
that Dr. Williama' Pink Pills are never
aold in any other style of package, and any
dealer who offera substitutes is trying to
defraud you. Aak for Dr. Williams' Pink
Pilla for Pate People and refuse all imitations
aud substitutes.
Dr. Williams' Pink Pilla may be had of
all druggists or direct by mail from Dr,
Williams' Medicine Company, Broekville
Out., or Schenectady, N. V., at 50
cents a box or six boxes for 92. SO,
Some cigar*makers moisten the ends of
cigars with aaliva, to make the wrapper
adhere. It is aaaerted that disease ia thua
spread, especially the germ of consumption.
Schiller's Sarsaparilla Pilla act directly on
the kidneyaand by stimulating their action
and purifying the blood they help the system to throw eff disease. A chemical analyse, after taking these pills, will show a
marked falling off of albumen in tbe urine
of thoie euHering from kidney trouble.
Price 50 cents a box, six boxes for $-'.50
by addreaaingH.K. Schiller & Co., 73 Ade-
aide St  West, Toronto.
There are 23,000 species of fiahes, one-
tenth of which inhabit freah water.
Wash your prints with Wide Awake
Soap and notice how the colors are
brightened.
It is a cruel operation to rob the ostrich
of ita feathera. Eaoh quill is ao tightly
imbedded in the flesh that, when drawn out,
it ia covered with blood.
Recipe,���For Making a Delicious
Health Drink at Small Cost.
Adams' Hoot Beer Extract ono bottle
Fleischmaan'a Yeast .
owarm Water two gallons
Dirt-solve the sugar und "roast in thc water
add the extract, and bottle; place Ina warm
place for twenty-four houra until It ferments,
then place on Ice, whon it will open aparkling
and delicious.
The root beer can be obtained In all drug
nnd grocer*' stores In IU and -Jj cent bottles to
mako two and five gallons.
Postal cards bave been in uae in the
United Statea aince Ma> 1, 1873. In the
firat year 91,079,000 were Bold. Laat year
the sales exceeded 500,000,000.
Wide Awake Soap Is a solid bar of
fiure soap that will not vanish like snow
a hot water.  Try It.
A. P. 709.
Mr* Jt Alctde Chaueef
Montreal, P. Q.
A Marvelous Medicine
Whenever Given  a  Fair  Trial
Hood's Proves Its Merit.
The following letter ts from Mr. J. Alclde
Chausse, architect and surveyor, No. 1G3 Shaw
Street, Montreal, Canada:
" G. I, Hood & Co,, Lowell, Mass.:
'���Gentlemen:--! have heen taking Hood's
Sarsaparllla for aliout six mouths and am glad
to say that it baa done me s great deal of good.
Last May my weight was 162 pounds, hut since
HOOD'S
Sarsaparilla
CURES
I began to take Hood's Sarsaparllla It has Increased to 103. 1 think Rood's Sarsaparllla la a
marvellous medicine and am very much pleased
with it," J. al<*h>kchauh3��.	
Hood's Pills cure liver Ills, constipation,
biliousness, ]auudlce,eli!li headache, Indigestion.
CURE
^tg   THAT
Cough
ft, WITH
* Shilohs
CURE
60cts, and
81.00 Bottle.     ,
Oneceutadoee.
S     PORTABLE
AW MILL-i
WILL OUT
���c**-t*r-*--J For-a-rte Moat Eoonoiy-Ioally.
Meet ProAt'tbl* lnv����tm��nt for Small Moans,
"���""WATEROUS. s-r**
TIRE PROOF-
ROOFING
ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE I'RLF.
METALLIC ROOFING C��
���   MANUFACTURERS. TORONTO
(���IvernSlgutH
SwoetH!oep&
CURES
��� f-k-VIIBI k\ -*������'��� i"i-'it .vcu need  not
A VT U llfl A Ml ���"*aU "i-aM k-mi--
11 a\ I  n IVI11 tug tor breath tor fear
HU I  1 IHItlor   fliiltocation.
FREE
It ia eold on a euarantee by all druf*>
gista. It cures Incipient Consumptiou
and la the best Cough and Croup Cure.
Dnnif C Money spent for good book-* f**
DUUIw well spent. Any book or
novel, new or standard, mailed pout fioe on
receipt of prii e, Send for our catalogue. K-i-
tabliBhcd in ixii-lby .-\. Hid-J ing-on.
RISSER & OO.
MAMMOTH  BOOK STORE
948 Yonge St.       -       Toronto.
r%%%*%%%%^-Oy%^��%%%%*f
���f home-thoulShaveoue. Prlcelff. Munufac-f
f Uired by CAN, GEAR CO,, Gannnomie, Ont.0
1,000,000
ACRES OF LAND
for sale by theSiix-r Paul
^^^^^^^^^ A Duluth Railroad
Com-AKY In Minnesota. Baud for Maps and Onu-*
lira. They will bo sent to you
HOPEWELL CLARKE.
land Commlailoner.Bt. Paul. Minn.
receipt of name and P
O. ii'litrr**'-   will   nmi
Trial Bottle
DkTakt Uuort, Mstn	
(JIKB  Co.. Roc-host
N.Y.   Toronto Brunch. ISB Adel tide St.  \V.
Use DR. TACT'S
White Pino Syrup for Ooida,
f0IN0ND WEAK PEOPLE
���������     ���
If you  read   between  tha
Th* want tun uf   Chianio Dyiptpiit did Luer Compltlnt
lines you will find that your
���i.cur..!l.y S.-I...!.,', .S��r..niill. Pill.   It ja. ... IhrcM.nwl
case is not hopeless;   that to
��lth  C.niunptloD,  Tjrphoid, l'li..l.,. ur Diphth.rU ;  11 yon
get well, koep,well,  GROW
h...  H.l.ii.,   Ufripp.,  ill...   riu.ll.,,  UiJithM, bum.,
FAT an(1 be happy. is a very
ot  Salt lth..im. ScbllUt'i larMparill. Pill. ��r�� . .ur. nir.
simple thing if you only take
Th*)' tin Li thi blood cli.inlullr putt to tht iftUm tut ml*
Schiller's Sarsaparilla Pills.
tt tliiun off *!! |tin li-iou.i     D-.1.J- tr* dd-.-ni'-'ui.
Sold by Drugglata evcrywliero, In aquare,
flat boxes, nt So cuiitn. Any n-*--xm*>tble drugglat
will get thein for you.  Mailed ou recd-it of price.
K. H. SCHILLER & CO.
 TORONTO _
GRANBY RUBBERS
They give perfect satisfaction iu lit, style and finish, and it has become a hy
word that
"('riuibj Kulilu'i-s" wear like Iron.
The WILLIAMS
- VISIBLE  WRITING -
TYPEWRITER
NO GOING IT BIJVO.
The Inst letter, the last word,
the last lines In plain sight, adds
100 per cent, to the pleasure or
using.���
NO LIFTING OF CARRIAGE, NO
RIBBON, DIRECT INKING, STRONCEST
MANIFOLDING, POSITIVE ALIGNMENT, UNEQUALLED SPEED, A
STANDARD AMERICAN MACHINE,
THE HICHEST GRADE IN EVERYTHING
WE HAVE THE AGENCY
ADDRESS
GREELMAN BROS,
KNITTING MAOHINE MFQRS
GEOBO-HTO-WN        ONT.
THE NORTHEY MFG. CO. LTD
DUPLEX
STEAM
powkr PUjXIPS
toronto, ont.
AND
SINGLE
���"���*V*J****%/%"**/��V%/%/*M''��*>,*��>"��^^
THE ONLY ONE IN THE WORLD..
That will burn
ROUGH WOOD and GOAL
...Equally Well...
..THE OXFORD*.
[OIL GAS COOK STOVE,
it Will do It: i
Has the Largest Oven.
IS A FARIIER'S STOVE
I Everybody's
^^^^^^^^ without
'Makes and  Burns  Its Own Gas
From Common Coal Oil.
| NO DIRT,  NO HEAT IN THE   KITCHEN,
��� Oooks a Family Dinner for
The mm FOUNDRY
'���e*l%r%l%reA+l*A+r%r*%r*V%r%rt>r%+l%r%rty THE DEAN AND HIS DAUGHTER.
*      CHAPTERIL
Two days later the great man himself
arrived somewhat late in the afternoon,
and while the swallows were atill flying
high.
He was the sole oooupintof a pair horsefly, the front seat of which was littered
with newspapers snd other light baggage.
A second and humbler vehiole conveyed
his valet with a portmanteau, a fur overcoat, rugs and other necessaries of travel,
all charmingly Btrappad together in the
moat delightful order.
Before the first fly had stopped the valet
was waiting at our porch to let down the
���taps, open the door, and assist hia master
out. It muat have been many yeara since
our village had witnessed so imposing an
arrival.
My father received the old gentleman in
hia moot courtly style with marked cordiality, but without effusion. Sir Henry, after
shaking hands, looked round and pleasantly
remarked that it waa a pretty plaoe, but
that tt would be, he ahould imagine, rather
dull in winter. My father answered with a
bit of Latin which I had heard him quote so
often that 1 knew it by heart. It was 0
fortunati nlmium, sua si bona norint, Agri-
eolie 1 and he wagged his head as muoh as
to aay. " A dean ahould alwaya be a learned man. Look how I have kept up my
olassioe."
Sir Henry's answer waa vague but reaa
auring, and evidently meant to be kindly.
He said : " Exactly so. What I have always felt myself. Poor Peel used to .aay
that every man ahould know his Horace by
heart; but I never really had the time,'
And with this we all went indoors.
We had dinner at seven, and it went ofl
better than might have been expected.
There were freshly caught trout with melt*
ed butter, a pair of broiled chickens with
vegetables, an apple pie with dotted cream,
and some cheese and salad.
Sir Henry had with forethought brought
down a supply of wine and liqueurs, partly,
no doubt, out of kindness, and partly with
due regard for his own comfort. The valet,
Mr. Watson, waited upon us with a solemnity that almost chilled my veins.
He had an eye that aeemed to be
perpetually occupied with estimates and
measurements. I am sure before the dinner
waa over he had thoroughly satisfied himaolf that the carpot had been turned a
aecond time, and that it had not been orig
inally planned for the room..
Dinner over, Mr. Watson produced fresh
wines and the liqueurs, and somehow I found
myself drinking a glass of olaret. It was
the first time 1 had ever tasted claret in
my life, and 1 frankly confess lhat I did
not like it. He then with deliberation
placed on the table a large box of cigars and
a small silver spirit-lamp. I took this as a
signal for my departure, and after exchanging glances with my father and returning
Sir Henry's bow, acted upon it, I waa not
sorry to get away, for Sir Henry, although
he did not stare at ino, eyed me, as it were,
round the corner, and with auoh persistency
as to make me extremely uncomfortable,
Mr. Watson with many apologies begged
me to permit him to make the coffee himself
as he knew exactly how Sir Henry liked it.
He performed that task to a marvel, and
returned from the dining room with the
welcome intimation that my father desired
me to be told that I need not sit up. This was
but too pleasant news for me, and I hurried
off to bed, Mr. W atson handing memycandle
with the most profound gravity, and asking
me if a cigar in the servant's hall would be
againit the rules of what he called " The
Rectory," 1 reassured him on this point,
and iu a very few minutes was sound
asleep.
Early next morning I was up and about.
The eittiug-rootn, where we had banqueted
the night before, had to be arranged and
decorated with fresh flowers. Of thuse I
managed to get together a sufficient allowance. Mrs, Juggins had been very liberal,
and so had the Thaokers. I also scalded a
bowl of milk, and made some fresh clotted
cream in the most approved Devonshire
fashion.
The delicate sulphur-tinted primrose was
thick on every hedge bank, aod I adorned
the table with its blossom, and with oome
violets which grew in a treasured nook of
tny own.
This exhausted my own resources. From
Mrs. Juggins and Mra. Thaeker I procured
a few more flowers, and, what;was far more
Important, a young duckling and some
early potatoes nob much larger than big
Walnuts, to the preparation of which
arttolos for the first dejeuner our Vicarage had ever witnessed, I at onco addressed
myself, only too glad to have anything to
keen my mind employed.
My father was later than usual. Ho was
dressed with scrupulous care and had an indescribable air about him of one who was
artistically accommodating himself to an
amusing situation, an air whioh might
almost nave.fitted the Grand Monarque at
the Petit Trianon. He looked radiant, and
positively many years younger than his
actual age.
Sir Henry, of course, was about three-
quarters of an hour late, but waa also most
carefully arrayed. The same age as my
father, as nearly as might be, he looked
about f.fteen years younger. He was
���lightly bald,but not a gray hair waa visible
upon his head or in hia daintily trimmed
whiskers. His single*breasted morning-
coat fitted his well-preserved figure to
perfection, and hia Parisian boots were as
resplendent as if cut out of solid jet.
I could not help in a kind of way admiring him.   He was beyond doubt a fine and
handsome man, or at any rate had once
been so, and he had that ease and charm ot
manner whiah means nothing in itself, but
can only be acquired at Courts.
I     I understood this secret aoon after, when
. I found out that he had been successively
at Eton, a Queen's page, a cornet iu the
j Blues, and ultimately military attache, and
after that, Secretary of Legation at Vienna
; ���still the most exclusive Court in Europe,
. and the one where old traditions are the
i most jealously preserved,
*     Breakfast over, Sir Henry declared him
I aelf in favor of a walk. England, he obaerv-
; ed, was the ouly oountry in which  a walk
j in the lanes was really possible, and even
pleasant.   Resides,  our  English   villages
were picturesque without being squalid or
malarious.   He was a bit nf an antiquarian,
he added, and there would almost certainly
I be some  monuments,  or    possibly  even
! bronzes in our beautiful old church, which
> would interest him.   Would I kindly act
as his guide ?
" When," said he,with with a smile that
didoredit to his dentist, *'I visit a country
place, I alwaya follow the example of our
��>reatest living lawyer, Lord Selborne, I
ook into the local antiquities, and try in my
email way to fit them in with the county
history. Now, I oame across a most curious
inscription once in a parish church in Tor-
bay, It waa ih memory of an Admiral who
had died In the Spanish main, and it commenced, " Here lie the heart and brains of
-�����" well, whoever it may have been. It
\ waB strictly correct. The gallant old gen-.
tleir.an had died in action and they had
brought homo his brain and his heart in a
small keg of rum. With you, Miss .St.
Aubyo, to guide mo, I am sure we will unearth something of interest. Your father
must be too busiod with his parochial work
to sparo ninny moments of his hardly-earned
eisure for arch Etiology."
My father frankly admitted that this was
the case, carefully adding, however, that
archieology in all ita branches hnd always
been hia favorite pursuit, und concluding
With some incoherent remarks about a
rooking stone in the nearest parish.
So I picked up my hat and a light shawl,
and away I went with the old gentleman.
It was impossible to be angry with him. It
was exasperating. He gave you uo loophole whatever. He was the very pink of
politeness, an Emperor of small-talk. Besides, his small-talk was really very clever,
and wholly unlike anything I had ever
heard,   He wm far too satisfied with him-
MARKED DECREASE IN CRIME
SHOWN ON PRISON RECORDS.
self and hia own poaition to be in any way
vain.
How the time passed, I can hardly tell;
I waa excited, and to tell the truth, a trifle
overwrought. But everything went smoothly enough, for Sir Henry,somehow or other,
gave me no trouble.
Looking back at things now, I should
say he was endeavoring to impross me with
the idea that he would make a most admirable and indulgent husband.
"Devonshire, Miss St. Aubyn," he said,
almost reminds me of Nice and Mentone.
The climate aeema identical. Of course
you have seen the Mediterranean."
I replied that I had not.
*>��� Ah, indeed 1 I suppose your father has
been too engrossed in his literary labors to
take you there T It ia the garden of Hea-
perides, the land of the Pnumiciana. Oranges, and peaches, and lemons grow in the
open air, and the tideless sea is perpetually
aim and blue. You are too happy to think
of anything, or even to do anything. And
up above you are tbe Alps; pine forests at
their 1mm, then gorse and heather, then
eternal anow. It aeema strange to ait in
the shade and to look upwarda at untrodden
anow. Travellers will tell you of the
glories of Rio, and of Jamaica, and of San
Francisco Harbor, but for my part 1 prefer
the bay of Villefranuhe and the Riviera
generally co the rest of the world. To tell
you the truth, I have an idea of building
myself a villa there and never again return*
ing to this land of fog and mist."
I answered, wholly without enthusiasm,
that it wm no doubt very beautiful, but
that I myself had never been out of Devonshire, and oould so but half realize his description.
The discovery thai I had never left my
native country made him angry. I ought
at least to have been to Paris, to London in
the season, to Cowea during the Regatta
week, to Ascot, to the Highlands, and to a
number of other places, with all of which
he was eminently familiar.
Feeling bound to somehow atop thia flood
of conversation, I quietly reminded him
that my father's stipend had put an annual
Continental tour beyond hia reach.
In the most airy and graceful manner
poasible Sir Henry assured me that money
wast mere trifle, that my father's position
would soon be most materially improved,
that aome other clerical preferment was a
certainty for him, and that with a wider
field bistalentscouldnot possibly butassert
themselves.
"Vour father," he went on to say, "has
hidden himself too much, and haa not done
hla own great abilities justice. Buthe iSBtill
in the prime of life and fully able to make
his mark. And," he went on to add, " I
am now speaking to you, dear Misa St,
Aubyn, with your father's permission, and
indeed at his express wish. He is most
anxious to resume hia fitting position in
the world, a poaition distinctly due to hia
birth, hla connections, and his great natural
gifts. Rut hia first and ons thought ia for
yourself, and he wishes you to understand
that in every step he may take under my
guidance, or with my assistance or otherwise, the one and only object nearest to his
heart is your own welfare and happiness."
Here he stopped, and I had to reply as
best I could, and without consideration.
Of course I had sense enough to know what
the whole thing meant, hut what wm I to
do 7 I was ts helpless as the daughter of
Jairus or aa Iphlgenia herself.
remember feebly saying that 1 loved my
father dearly, that I was aware his abilities
had never found a proper -field, and were
quite thrown away atOssulston, and added
that I should be most delighted to see him
in a position worthy of himself and of the
family traditions.
"Then," gallantly replied  Sir  Henry,
we may. 1 tbink, consider the matter settled. The Deanery of Southwick iB vacant
at this moment, and my personal influence
with the Premier, to aay nothing of His
Grace the Archbishop, will make the matter a foregone conclusion, aa in fact it ought
to be when we conaider what will be the
average calibre of the average candidates
for the post."
By thia time we had reached the Vicarage, wheremy fatherstoodawaiting ua under
the porch with a radiant smile,
1 have been talking matters over, my
dear St. Aubyn, with Miss Miriam," warbled the diplomatist. "She ia entirely in
accord with myself that I ought In your interests to at once proceed to London, and,
if you will allow me, I will give orders to
my man this moment. In a matter of this
kind every quarter of an hour is of im-
fortance. I am sanguine as to thu result,
n fact, I feel that my past services entitle
mo to command it, and I have never yet,
that I can remember, asked for anything.
We will have, if you do uot mind, a pint of
champagne and a biscuit before I start, and
1 think that while I am away you may let
your mind be perfectly at rest."
lhe champagne and the biscuits were
produced from Sir Henry's stores. He had
spoken of them carelessly, as if they were
somewhere in my father's cellar and storeroom. The lynx-eyed Mr. Watson, without
the least bustle, had avery arrangement,
down to the fly at the door, ready to the
exact moment, and before I could fully
realize what was going on, Sir Henry had
bowed his most courtly of bows, had wrapped himself in his cloak, and wm being
quickly hurried away.
As the vehicle turned the corner and was
lost to sight, my father, with hia sweetest
smile, gently laid hia hand upon my ahould-
er and aaid : "Miriam, my dear daughter,
I very much want to apeak to you."
I impatiently shook myself free, ran up
to my own little room, threw myself down
on the bed, and burst into a passionate flood
of tears.
My father, after an interval of some ten
minutes, followed me up, and tapped at my
door. Then he called out to me several
times. Then I heard him go downstairs
again, and I soon afterward becamo aware,
from the mixed aroma which forced its way
into my room, that he wm smoking ono of
Sir Henry's large olgara, and mo tening it
with rum and water.
Later on in the evening I heard the voice
of Mr. Thaeker, and noon afterwards there
was an increase iu the aroma of rum and
tobacco amoke. Mr. Thaeker and my
father parted in the road. Their vioces
were thiok. My father evidently intended
to be patronizing and reassuring. Thaeker
was cordial and familiar, slapping his
Vicar on the back.
" I told you it would turn up trumps,
parson," ho said, "and I'm very aeldom
wrong, from a spring handicap down to a
field of oats. I wish you joy with all my
heart, and may wo never amoke worse
cigars than the onus old Cookolorum haa
left behind him. As for little missy, I
wish her joy."
By little " missy" Mr. Thaeker evidently meant myself, and he was wishing me
joy on my marriage to the " old Cookolorum."
After all, it is a meroy in this world that
there should always be a grotesque aide to
f-our misery. Otherwise the burden of
[fe would now and again become too great
to bear.
(TO  UK CONTINUED.)
In the edition of tho City ol London Directory just issued ib la noted aa a marked
ovidenco of the depressed aUto of trade
that the number of buildings and oflices
labelled "Unoccupied"and "To Let," is
exceptionally large.
Japan continues to conform to Wcatcrn
ways, and the change is especially notable
of late in the upbuilding ot the'War Departments, The Government has just decided to establish a naval school, in which
artillery, torpedoes, and navigation will be
the subjects of study during an eighteen
month's course. A special commission is
also soon to be sent to Europe to study
recent changes in the organization of European armies*
Tlie lowest Number ol' Prisoner* Inrarcer.
atctlDurlnxilu Fail Keren teen Vears-
tUa luijieclor* Report,
Ontario Jail Inspector Chamberlain has
brought down the twenty-sixth annual report upon the common jails, prisons and reformatories in the province.
The system of employment is spreading
to the county jails. The Inspector saya that
the work produces a beneficial effect upon
the prisoners,both physically, mentally and
morally. It has also had the effect of making a marked deorease in the number of
healthy tramps who formerly sought an
asylum there for the winter.
AGED fAUl-ERS.
'* In some of the jails," aaid the Inspector,
" it is a common thing to find old people
who have been inmates of tbe jails for many
years aa vagrants. This state of thinga
ahould not exist longer.'* In the past years
1,666 persons were committed m vagrants
in the provinoe.
To the work of temperance organizations
Mr. Chamberlain attributes the falling
off in the number of drunkards committed
to jail. As compared with 1892 there wm
a decrease of 878 in 181)3.
UESERAL DECREASE IH CRIME.
There has been a general deoreaie in com*
mittals throughout the province, aud a
careful comparison of the statistics for past
years shows a still more favorable state of
affairs, resultant, the Inspector thinks,
from prison management in the province.
The commitments tothe common jails for
the year numbere.l 8,010 aa against 9,011 in
1802; 10,423 in 1891; 11,810 in 1890; and
12,531 in 1889.
The year 1893 shows the lowest number
of oommittats during the past nineteen
yeara.
Of the total number committed 6,798a
wore males, and 1,399 were females. As
compared with 1892 thia fa a decrease of
379 in male prisoners and an excess of 64
in female prisoners.
CRIMES CHARGED ARE CLASSIFIED,
During the year there were 34 committal
for murder in the province, and 9 for man*
slaughter, and 71 prisoners charged with
intent to kill. The total number committed
for orimes againat the person wm 051, the
lowest number for seventeen yeara.
Crime against property was the cause of
attainder in 2,197 cases, and 1,329 of these
were thieves of the petty order. Housebreakers to the number of 215 oame to grief,
and 220 trespassers tarried for a while in
the jails. Fate in the shape of justice
sought and found 62 burglars, 27 incendiar-
iata, 29 "tencea"and 31 forgers.
Crimes against public morals and decency
were brought home to 374 dissolute persons.
Offences againat public order and peace
were the cause ot detention for 4,838 persona, of whom 2,652 were drunk and disorderly.
Contempt of her Majesty's courts caused
the incarceration of 119 people ; 36debtors
found refuge from collectors in the jails ;
19 persons boarded at the jails because the
crown wanted them as witnesses ; and 36
obstreperous persona who could not find
sureties to keep the peace were kept smashing stones and Bnwing wood.
SHORT TERMS   FOR THESE.
That popular motto of Toronto's Police
Magistrate, "dollar and costs or thirty
days," coat 1,207 persons, who could not
find the dollar, some thirty days in the
Don Baatile. This is one year. The cost
of their daily rations to the oity wm 7 cents
per day each.
Of the 8,619 prisoners arrested and committed to jail pending trial, 5,408 were
found guilty and sentenced, of whom 4,404
aerved ahort time in the common jaila, and
those oonvioted of grave offenses were distributed amongst the other penal institutions.
l'KRIODS OP SENTENCE.
There wan one prisoner sentenced to be
hanged; nine received corporal punishment
and imprisonment; 63 are serving terms of
over three yeara in the penitentiary, and
45 got over two yeara.
Unmarried persona to the number of
5,400 got into trouble with the law, and
3,219 married people were at the beck of
ieo. And 5,854 of the lot were very
Intemperate in their habits, while 1,704
could neither read nor write.
While the clook atruok twelve, midnight
of September 30th, 1803, there were 1,572
persons reposing under Government quilts
in the various ouatodial institutions of the
provinoe.
And the maintenance of all theu county
jails, and lock-upa.not including the prisons
and reformatories, coat Ontario Just
$137,485.   There are 56 ot them.
Five prisoners escaped during the year
and were never recaptured. Two got away
and were caught, whilst aix unfortunates
died in jail whilst awaiting trial.
The greatest number of prisoners registered at Toronto jail in one day during 1393
wm 174, and the lowest number wm 107.
MERCER REFORMATORY.
During the yoar 196 females were committed to the Mercer, and 01 were sent to
the Refuge wing of the Reformatory. The
average number of inmates shows an increase over the previous year. All the
laundry work lor the Central Prison ia done
at the Reformatory and the inmates earned
considerable revenue from outside sources,
REFORMATORY FOR UOVS.
There were committed to tho Penetangul-
aheue institution during the year 62 boy**,
a slight decrease under the previous year.
There are 230 boys now in residence,
THE CENTRAL  I'llISON.
Inspector James Noxon is of the opinion
that he oan make this institution aelf*
sustaining, and in his introduction he explains that tho results of the industrial
work m yet are not a fair indication of
what ahould be accomplished. The net
coat of maintenance atill averages 34. 35c
for each prisoner per day over and above
what they earned in the factories. In tbe
industrial enterprises of tho prison there
was a deficit of gl9,K90.l4 for thc year,
which considerably increases tbo cost of
maintenance, A better year is promised
for 1894.
Warden Massle's tables show 630 prisoners committed during the year, and ,103 re*
maincd in custody at the end of the year.
There are nine industrial enterprises being carried on in the prison, viz., a broom
shop, woodenware shop, brickyard, tailor
shop* shoe shop, carpenter shop, tinsmith
and engineers' ahop,south shop and cordage
factory,
HALF A MILLION VISITORS
Last Year Looked nt Niagara Falls from lhe
Canadian Park.
Superintendent Wilaon, of the Queen
Victoria Niagara Falls Park, reports that
543,924 people visited the park in 1393,
which is an increase of more than double
the number of visitors in the previous year,
Thi receipts at the park from visitors and
rentals of privileges for the year amounted
to $18,965,82.
The expendituro for maintenance for the
park amount to $10,116,34.
Tho Niagara Falls Park and Kiver Railway Company pays an annual rental of
$10,000, and the elevator, refreahment
booth, photographic and other privileges
that produce the income are held on a leaae
for ten years at 88,200 a year.
Over 150,000 visitors camo to tlio Park
over tho electric railway, and out of tho
fares collected therefrom the company paid
tho rental.
The Commissioners of the Park think
that tho number of visitors will increase
thia year, and adviae the necessity of providing greater facilities for their convenience
and accommodation. They are elated, aiul
express the belief that all charges for interest on capital account and maintenance may
soon be mot trom the revonues of the park
HOUSEHOLD.
Broad and Cake-
There are rules of etiquette that apply as
exclusively to eaoh of theso articles as do
those governing the use of the napkin,
knife, fork, etc. Bread etiquette can
be divided into rules, as follows:
1. Bread, biscuits, rolls, buns, etc.,
should be removed from the plate, also
eaten with the fingers and never with a
fork. The proper place to lay either is on
the bread-and-butter plate ; or, when these
are not a part of the table service, on the
rim to the regular plate, or leaning againat
its edge. If warm bread or biscuits are
served they should never be allowed to
rest, even in part, on the table-cloth, aa
the steam from either will soil it. Thu is
something everyone, whether guests or
members of the family, should carefully
avoid doing, particularly in houses where
little or no help is kept. Every housewife
iB desirous of seeing her table arrayed in
spotless linen; but this iB possible in but
few homes, unless through the carefulness
of thon at the table,
2. Bread, biscuits, etc., should bo broken, not cut, into small pieces before spreading. This should be done with the bread,
etc, resting on the rim of the regular plate,
and not on the table-cloth or palm of one's
hand. Children, and some grown people,
ahould be carefully drilled in each part of
this rule, as it is one they are prone to disregard. Few things ahow greater ignorance
of the common rules of table etiquette than
carrying the entire piece of bread, a wholo
biscuit, or any large piece of food, to the
lipa for each mouthful; while holding bread
in the hand to spread shows, to say the
least, lack of culture. At many tables
little individual butter knives are provided
for apreading bread. But when they are
not, the ordinary knife ia used.
3. Small piecea of bread should never
be uaed for a mop to wipe up tho last particle of gravy, or food from the plate. They
are, however, correctly used to assist the
fork in lifting fooda, like salads, etc., that
recede from its tines. In this country, a
small piece of bread is also used to assist
the fork in breaking fish into bits suitable
for eating.
A pretty custom, observed at some fashionable tables, at informal dinners and teas,
and when the family dine alone, is the serving of bread from a handsome, highly-
polished bread-board, whioh is placed on
the table within easy reach of the hoatesa'a
or host'a right hand. Beside the bread,
which iaya on the board, and should be a
small, uncut loaf, Is a fancy bread-knife
and long-handled fork. At the proper time
the hostess cuts the bread, passing a slice
with the fork, to each person at the table.
At the majority of well-regulated tables
bread is served in the customary manner,
slices piled one upon the other on a doily-
covered bread-plate or tray, which is placed
on a side-table or the table proper. These
must be out very, very thin, be evenly
piled, if long, be out in two, crossways.
Biscuits, rolls, etc., are served likewise,
only they are piled promiscuously on the
P****' 	
Table Talk.
Plates for hot courses ahould always bo
heated.
Serve pistachio nuts, French walnuts snd
salted almonds between courses.
The aoup plate ahould bo left, at least,
half an inch unfilled.
A guest tor a single meal needs not to
fold the napkin. It cannot be used again.
Cut cold meata and bread in the thinnest
slices. In making sandwiches, butter the
bread beforo cutting.
No butter ia served at dinner. For breakfast a small pat ia served to each person,
with a small pleoe of ice, if the weather, or
room, is warm enough to make it needful.
The correct way tor serving bread aside
from the individual plate is to put a doily
upon a plate, pile the thinly siloed bread
upon this and cover with another doily that
all moisture may be retained.
Souvenir spoons are still desirable. The
designs taken from caravels, gondolas, etc.,
at the World's Fair make charming models.
Many prize these spoons long after those
who buy them are forgotten.
The Maryland cook makes coflee without
a filtered coffee pot better than some make
with it. She puts the coffee into the pot,
sets it over the fire and shakes it until well
heated and pours boiling water over it. The
aroma of the coffee ia delicious.
Pieplant.
Sauce,���Choose the crisp, tender atalks,
wipe clean, but do not peel them, out them
into small pieces and place in a granite-ware
or porcelain stew-pan ; add a very little
water, and cook them until tender. When
it is well cooked, add sugar to taste, and
flavor with grated lemon peel, or lemon extract.   Serve cold.
Pie.���Line the plate with a nice crust,fil
it with pieplant out into small piecea ; mix
one tablespoon of flour with one cup of augar,
turn it over tho pieplant and atrew amall
bits of butter over the top (one-half a
teaspoon of butter to a pie), shake the
sugar through the pieces and add the upper
crust, pinching it well at the edge to retain
the juice. The natural flavor of the pieplant
Is sufficient.
Shortcake.���To ono quart of flour add
one-half a teaspoon of salt, and ono scant
teaspoon of soda; sift flour three times,
aud then rub into it two tablespoons of
lard*or nice drippings; add sour milk or
buttermilk until it is like biscuit dough.
Divide it into portions, roll them a little
thinner than biscuits, aud placo one above
the other on a tin, lightly apreading the
lower one with buttor, so they will separate easily. When baked, separate the
layers, and between them and on top,
spread hot pieplant sauce.
Keeping Pieplant���When pieplant ia
old, or if it has made aa low growth, it
becomes tough and stringy, and if then
used, peel it before it is cooked. When
young and tender, the thin skin will cook
aa well aa the rest, and tho delicate color
that it adds to the sauce improves the
looks, and does not alter tho tan to. When
you have moro than you need for immediate use, cut it into suitable lengths pack
closely into Mason cans, lill up with cold
wator, and seal. For use, turn off the
water and prepare as though it was fresh.
The trash juice of pieplant, with tho addition of augar, a few drops of lemon
extract, and cold water, makes a refreshing
drink for a warm day.
A Good Variety.
A Baked Soup.���Put a pound of any
kind of meat, cut in slieea, two onions, two
carrots, two ounces of rice, a pint of peas
previously soaked, popper and salt into a
pan, and one gallon of water. Covtr it very
closely and bake.
Beef Soup.���Get a shank of beef (hind
leg) costing about twenty-livo cents. Have
the butcher break tho bone in two. Put
one-half into a kettle with five quarts of
water, one ounce of pearl barley; chop
finely one carrot, nne turnip, nn onion, and
a quarter of a medium-sized oabbage; add
Sapper and  salt.    Cook  slowly for three
ouis and you will havo a vory wholesome
and nourishing soup at small expense,
Hash for Tea.���Tho meat left over from
tho soup dinner m&ko into hash, add au
onion, a bit of butter, a teaspoon of flour
rubbod smooth in half a teacup of water,
pepper and Bait. Simmer slowly. To boil
hashes or minces make them hard.
Oatmeal Pudding. ���Pour a ciuart of
bolting "milk over a pint of oattheal | let it
soak all night; next day add a beaten egg,
with a little salt; butler a basin that will
just hold it ; cover it tight with a llouoted
cloth, and boil it an hour and a half. Kal
it with butter or augar. When cold, slice
and toast it, and eat it as oat-cake buttered,
Rice Pudding.���WmIi a ctfhccup of
rice, tie it in a cloth, leaving plenty of
room for it to swell. When dona eat it
with butter and sugar or milk.
Plain J-anoakea.��� Make a batter of flour
and buttermilk, add a little salt and soda.
They are vary good eaten with butter and
sugar or maple syrup.
Bookings.���Mix a pint of buckwheat,
with a teacup of warm milk, and two
tablespoons of yeast; let it rise about two
hours; add two eggs, welt beaten, and as
much milk as will make the batter the
usual thickness for paucakea, and fry them.
To Dresa Pig's Foet. ���I 'lean carefully.aud
aoak four hours; boil them tender; tnke
them out; boil Bome vinegar and a little
salt with some of the water, and when cold
pour It over them. When they are to be
used, dry them, and cut them in two, fry,
and serve with butter, mustard and vinegar.
Jelly of Pig's Feet.���Clean and prepare
aa above, then boil in avery small quantity
of Water till every bone cau be taken out;
throw in a little chopped sage and parsley,
and mixed pepper, salt and mace, in flue
powder ; simmer fifteen minutes, then pour
thc whole iuto a melon form.
Low Prices.
There are changes every day in the price
of articles used for the world's food or
manufacture. These changes arise Immediately from circumstances of temporary supply and demand. Tlie farmers around a
oity, for instance, bring one day into market an unusually large amount of eggs or
apples. The price of eggs and apples goes
lower at once. If only lialf tho expected
supply cornea in, the price will rise.
he same rule governs a year's average
pricos. The wheat farmers have a bad
season ; thoir crop is much smaller than tho
average. But the same number of poople,
approximately, need the wheat for bread.
The supply being less, the price rises. If
the crop was larger than usual, tho price
will fall; unless, as happened in 1391, the
crops in other countries have been very
small.
In a series of years, still ojher causes are
at work in changing priceaT If tho rent of
a farmer's land is high, the prioe of his
wheat, too, must be high in order to give
him a profit. If the labor employed to
make a piece of goods costs a dollar, thc
price of the goods must be more than a
dollar.
But if new and cheap land is thrown
open to the farmer, and if newly invented
machinery will Bave half the expense of
making a piece of gooda, the wheat and
the merchandise oan ne sold for much lower prices.
The tendency, therefore, naturally ia toward a continuous fall in prices, and the
fall haB in faot taken place during this
nineteenth century, and especially during
the last twenty-five years.
It is one of the most interesting among
suoh facts that the smallest fall in price
during the laat quarter-century has been
in articles suoh as butter, cheese and eggs,
which are affected leas than most commodities by the opening of new lands and
the invention of labor-laving machinery.
Yet there are other causes still which
work on prices, and which furnish a topic
of greatest controversy among political
economists. Thia year's low price of wheat
���the lowest in modern yeara, and barely
half what it was in 18S0-���is yet by no
means the lowest in history.
Five centuries ago, the English record
tells us, wheat sold at less than one-third of
this year's prioe. In that same century
prices ao curious to us prevailed, as half a
fienny for beef, twelvepence for a " fat
amb," fourpence for a pig, and twopence
for* hen.
The times when these remarkable prices
ruled were not times of distress and suffering. So far as the ruder civilization of the
century allowed, tliey were times of contentment and plenty. All the authorities
agree that the reason for such low prices
waa that actual money, for purposes of exchange, was scare.   Hence prices were low.
In this century not only has the supply
and distribution of coined money vastly increased over those of earlier centuries, but
the use of bank checks haa made it possible
for the aame amount of money to do far
mora extensive work in trade exchanges.
Vet it is carious, even nowadaya.to see how
unnatural conditiona may reproduce, in a
different scale, the aame changes in money
supply and prices.
The question how far changes in price'
during recent years have been due to per*
manent changes in tho money aupply, the
coinage and the currency of the world'a
variouB nations, is too complicated a subject
to discuBS here. Many divergent views of
the question are entertained, and political
economists of high repute have differed
widely.
Merely to understand the discussion requires familiarity with the principles of
money and a vast maan of statistics. There
is probably no study of so wide interest and
importance suggested by the eventa of the
preaent day.
���***"    '  '       .
HORRIBLE BARBARITY.
Home or Ihe Bevelling Orgies Practised by
Indians lo British Columbln,
A despatch from Victoria B, C, Bays :���
The attention of the Department of Indian
Affairs has been called to the barbarous
practices of Indians along the west coast of
northern British Columbia, who it appeara,
are atill indulging in cannibalistic feasts,
supposed to h-ive been long ago given up.
H, .1. Simpson, trader, wlio has spent 2".
years in the vicinity of Fort Rupert, has
just arrived here and states that the
Indians carry on their dance ��� with all
the old-time forocity, tho only difference
being that now they are careful to have
their wildest orgies only in the depth of
winter, when the inclemency of the season
has practically put a stop to trading and
hunting, and has driven all the white men,
including missionaries, to more comfortable
quarters. So soon as they have the field to
themselves, preparations are started for the
most disgusting orgies. Simpson, who,
having married a full-bloodod "Klootoh*
man," is what is known as a "squaw-
iiittii," has been specially favored or trusted, by boing permitted to witness some of
those rites, aud ha gives some terrible descriptions of what Is known to the Indians
as a "maneator danco," which he witnessed
a fow months ago. In this dancu the
"mauiata," or chief character, horrifies the
spectators hy appenring with a " mummy "
or thc shrivelled remains of a back number
native, taken from an eminenco upon which
it was exposed to dry after death, aud
tearing the shrivelled Uesh from the bonus
as he dances about a huge log tire, ull the
time uttering tho most frightful sounds in
tho Indian vocabulary of lamentation.
Simpaon also lately saw horrible tortures of
a inii.1 en,in connection with another dance,
in whioh, to provo herself worthy to be tlio
bride of a brave chieftain,Bhe allowed great
barbed hookB to bo driven through the
flesh of her back, and danced almost naked,
while the chief hold tho reins attached to
the hooks, and, by a seriea of wrenches,
eventually tore the flesh and released them.
Missionaries havo taken great credit
throughout the civilized world for having
converted these savages, and the Government have been led to believe that the
dances now carried on nro only imitations
of former barbarities, but .Simpson, who is
a reliable man, asserts that they arc no
mockery at all, but a most revolting and
cruel mockery.
CREAM  GATHERING   CREAMERIES.
EXPLORATIONS IN EGYPT.
An Bbony Statue nud Itetnftlni otn Hup.
���tuie-l Hint: I 'omul nt DllshftUr,
Prof. Morgan, who has been excavatiiig
in Kgypt for some time past, 1ms made a
fresh and important discovery. A fow
weeks ago tlio profeaaor discovered tho remains of a supposed king of Egypt and now,
itis announced, his explorations at the
foot ot the brick pyramid of Doshour have
led to diicovery of tho fourth dynasty king,
Mortis Katouab. In addition tho exoava
tor found an ebony attune, some gold plates,
etc.   The explorations will be continued.
In order to attain a good reputation for
our butter made in cream gathering cream-
the pationa who supply the cream
should take a lively* Interest in supplying it
sweet, clean and of pure llavor. To do thia
cleanliness must be the watchword. AU
pailB and other utensils sliould be thoroughly washed and then acalded, after which
they should be placed outside in a pure atmosphere to become well aired. Never use
a cloth for drying any of the tinware after
icalding them.
The milk room should he kept cool, clean
and with uo bad odors.
Strain and set the milk immediately
after milking, in water at a temperature of not more than 45 degreea in the
summer and 3S to 40 degrees in the fall
and winter for at least twelve hours in
summer and 24 in winter. Every farmer
who handles milk should ubo a thermometer, so that he may know that the
milk has been cooled to thu temperatures
named above, as the loss of cream or butter-
fat Ib very great wheu the milk has
been cooled to but 50 degrees.
To have profitable returns from the
handling of milk for a creamery
the patrons should provide plenty of ice nud
havo it Btorcd in a convenient pluce near
the milk room. Tho water in the tank
should be changed frequently, aud care
should ba taken to prevent any milk getting
with it and allowing it to become tainted
from this or any other cause. If care and
good judgment is exercised much unnecessary trouble and labor can he avoided. It is
not necessary to change the water moro than
onoeevery secondday where good clean ice ia
UBed. Where the skim milk is not drawn
off from the can at the bottom a skimmer
made 41 inches in diameter at tbe top.with*
out any wire around the edge and tapering
to a point 7 inches deep, witli a handle 10
to 12 inches long,, will he found very convenient for skimming tho cream from the
top of the can. If the skim milk in drawn
from the bottom of the can, a strip of glass
ahould be soldered from the bottom upwards, so that the cream can be seen
when it reaches the bottom. Tip
tho can a little so as to allow all
the skim milk to run out without taking
any of the cream. We would suggest having
a bottom with three inches slant to carry
off all sediment that may be at the bottom
along with the first skim milk.   But for
?;eneral use wo would recommend skimming
rom the (top, aB thore will be less sediment
in the cream. Where the cream haB been
forced up in 12 hours thoro will bo more
inohea of cream than if the samo milk wm
allowed to aet for 24 hours, but the yield of
butter will be about the same per hundred
pounda of milk. Where the temperature
of the milk cannot be lowered to 45 degreea
we would recommend setting the milk for
24 houra. The per oent. of butter-fat in
the cream depends on the amount of akim
milk in the cream. The depth of cream on
the top of the can depends on the per cent
of fat in the milk and the temperature to
which the milk has been cooled. There
will be more cream or  milk containing 4
rir cent, butter-fat than on milk containing
per cent. There will be more on milk
cooled to 42 degreea than on the same milk
cooled to 50 degrees.
As an educator for dairy farmers we
know of nothing equal to tbe Babcock milk
tester; which is simple and easy to operate,
and would strongly recommend all dairy
farmers to have, in some way, their Individual cow's milk tested (also the skim milk),
as we know there are a Urge'number of
unprofitable cows fed and kept whichshould
be disposed of, Each cow should givo
at least 6,000 Ih. milk, which should make
about 250 lb. butter per year. The akim
milk should be testea that the farmer may
know whether he is getting all the cream
out of the milk. We havo frequently tested
skim milk from farmers, showing from 1 to
over H per cent, of butter-fat,whioh means
a loss of about 25 per cent, of all the butter-
fat in the milk, or in other words a loss
of from 20 to 2b cants per hundred
pounda of milk. No expensive creamer
is necessary to get ail the cream out
of the milk, so long M you can
maintain the proper temperature, as it
is the temperature of the water about the
milk which does the work und not the
creamer into which the cans or pails of milk
are placed. Any ordinary box or barrel
which is clean and will hold water, will do
tlie work aB efficiently aa the most expensive creamer made.
Where shallow pan cream is taken to a
creamery the milk should be set in a clean
cool room at a temperature of 00 degrees
and lower, for 24 hours, but do longer, as
all the cream will be up in that time and of
a better quality than if allowed to remain
longer, aa the cream being exposed to the
air in warm weather becomes thick and
tough and will not run through the strainer
at the creamery, whioh means a loss to the
other patrons who supply good cream. Such
cream should be rejected, as it is better to
loose one patron than ruin the reputation
of the creamery, as it is difficult to make
good flavored butter from shallow pan cro mi
because there are very few milk rooms
throughout the country which are
tit to iet. milk in. Good flavor
is the most important point about butter.
Buyers look for flavorfirst If tho flavor is
had, down goes the price. We would recommend for creameries that all milk should
lie submerged in the water to protect it
from auy foul odors that may be about tho
dairy.
(Some of our beat creameries refuse to
take shallow pan cream at all. This, no
doubt is tbe safest plan.)
Where cold water or ice cannot be got
wo would recommend for a herd of from 15
to 20 cows a cream separator. These sep.
aratorB usually leave about one- tenth of ooa
per cent, of butter-fat iu the akim milk,
while milk from the deep setting whan cooled
to only 50 degrees usually has about one per
cent. Hut If the same milk had been cooled
to 42 degrees or 45 degrees the loss of fat
would ba but from oue to three-tenths of
one per cent.
OARE OPCRBAM,
After the milk has been carefully skimmed the cream should bo submerged in
water in a can specially made for the purpose, keeping lh�� temperature somewhat
below 50 degrees, stirring well each time
fresh cream is added. If tho cream is eared
for in this way there will bo no complaints
about sour ereim and tlio patron will have
done his duly Misapplying the butter-muker
with tho raw material in prima con dition
to mako guilt edgo butter. Cream ahould
not be sot in open crocks or pails in cellars,
pantries or any othor placo where tho air
ia not perfectly pure, nor where tho temperature ia above (W dogrco?, ns it is aure
to sour and may Im in churning condition
before takon to the creamery. Wheu the
cream vessel is emptied, it should bo well
washed and scalded, and placed where it
will get plenty of fresh air. All cream
vessels alould have un air-tight cover und
wo would recommend having the seams in
ull milk vessels well filled with solder,
wlncti it not tilled, nn accumulation of dirt
having a yellow color which will taint the
milk will be seen.	
Looking1 Into Vesuvius.
At last, after such a weary and horrid,
yot charmed ascent, one must walk ihe
awful plateau, 3,000 feot above tbo Hashing
gretin surface of lhat lovoly sea below,
which,however, may any moment bo hidden
from view by clouds girdling the mountain
lower down its sides. Standing now beside
tho tremendous central pit, one's oars must
hear tho O6MeIeS0 thiitulerings that growl
and snarl in tbe   cavities below.
(ine mustexpeMonco that heart-stabbing
start at the sudden discharges, like a thou-
Band I'JO* ton guns let ofl"   ul once,   and re*.
ourrlng, liko mlonte guhl, at regular intervals in a ceaseless repetition. Ono must
sue, at overy discharge, 1,000 oart-loude
of broken rocks tly thousand* ot feet up iu
to thc murky air, spread themselves like
the remnant!* of a jyolopcan rocket, and
fall back into the abyaa, only at the next
discharge to be shot up again and again
without eud.
NUGQETS_0F NEWS.
Seventy million people iu Europe wear
wooden shoea.
A uniform Htandard of time has been
decreed for Oermany.
A religious uot in Russia holds that
wearing hair is ainful.
A perfectly proportionate man weighs "J**
lbs. for every foot of his height.
Chinese gardeners are reputed to be lho
moat expert growers in the world.
Statistics  show  that   the   Chinese live
longer than the people of any other nation.
In England the average weight cf men is
1551b. ; that of women ii 1221b.
The occupants of a balloon a mile high
command a radius of ninety-six milea.
The Chinese have an Academy of Manners that preacribea etiquette for the whole
empire.
In the daya of Columbus only soven
metals were known to exist. Now there
are fifty-one in uae,
The Mohawk Indians will not allow so
muoh as a blade of gruss to grow upon tho
graves of their companions.
The gems in the diadem or tlio Russian
Empress are worth iSO.OOO, They comprise
2,530 diamonds acd a massive ruby.
Mourning paper is going out of fashion.
Instead a little triangle is printed iu the
corner of the envelope and the uotepaper.
More women than men go blind iu Sweden, Norway and Iceland -. moro men than
women in thc reat of Europe and the United
States.
It is so hot iu the.neighborhood of the
Dead Sea that, according to estimates, tha
aea loaea a million tona of water a day by
evaporation.
Hungary leads the world In the production of glass jewels, auch as aro used witb
stained glass. The work is done almost
entirely by peasants.
The King of Dahomey waa educated in
France, and speaks French fluently. He
became a barbarian because he could not
marry a Parlsienne, with whom he fell in
love.
1 ho accordion is said to have been invented in Germany ; but there ia no doubt that
previous to the introduction of this instrument in Europeit was known tothe Chinese,
It ia possible, by a recent invention, ta
take five different photographic views of a
person at ono sitting. The apparently
different attitudes are produced by the aid
of mirrors.
A new thing in the gentlemen's furnishing
gooda line iB coming to the front. It is a
shirt that need not be drawnover thc head.
It is put on like a coat, and buttons at the
breasD.
An eighty ��� three - year ��� old husband
Milwaukee is suing for a
for a divorce. He compl-ips that his wife
hides hla spectacles, puts cinders in Ida
shoes,does not give him enough bed-cloth- .
ing and otherwise illtreats him.
There were in England and Wales last
year 218,251 marriages, 014,180 births, and
560,028 deaths. The estimated population
of the two countries to the middle of tha
year was 20.731,100.
The idea that chess was invented by tho
ancient Indians or'by the Chinese is shaken '
by the discovery at Sakkara, in Egypt, of
wall painting, showing two chess players
belonging to the government of King Teta,
of the sixth dynasty. Professor llrugsch
puts Teta at 3.100 ii. a, or 5,200 years ago.
The Shah ot Persia is greatly addicted
to snuff-taking. Liko .Napoleon he likes his
snuff strong, and like Napoleon alno he has I
a fondness for placing it under the noses of
other people.
It ia the custom for a Japanese bride,
when she is about to be married, to shriek
as if she were Buffering from the toothache,
and otherwise pretend that ahe goea to tho
sacrifice unwillingly.
A bottomless hole has baen discovered
in Yellowstone Park, Now York. It is supposed to be a dry geyser. A weighted line
waB Ut down into it threo thousand feet
without touching the bottom.
The "Mountains ofthe Moon," in Africa,
which were discovered by Stanley, are alleged to be inhabited by tho demon Mgur-
ma, an evil spirit. All the African savages
are afraid of ills power, and an attempt to
expose him lately ended in panic and disaster.
A pneumatic tube is in use between the
Paris and Merlin Post Ufficea, and thirty-five
minutes after a letter is posted in one city
it is delivored in the other.
Imperial writers are quoted with saying
that the gold contained in tho medals, vessels, chains, and other objects preserved in
the Vatican would* make more gold coins
than the whole ot the present European
circulation.
Theclosiugofthelato Dominion Parliament
without passing the usual address to the
Governor-General, in view of his early retirement from that position, is taken as a
striking proof of Lord Stanley's unpopularity iu the Dominion.
According to an advertisement contained
in the Danish Government "Gazette" published in Copenhagen, two big volcanoes
are for sale. They arc situated in Iceland,
and are the principal attractions of the
island. The owner aass for them the sum
of CM apiece.
Here is an instance ofa lire that has been
burning for centuries. According to the testimony of tho Duchess of Cleveland, the great
hearth-fire in tho hall of Raby Caatlo liaa
nover been suffered to expire. This caatlo
ia, perhaps, the noblest and most porfect
Bpeclmeii of feudal architecture in England
Those who believe that 13 ia an unlucky
number ahould fight ahy of the Amorican
25 oonb piece. It has 13 star-*, 13 letters in
the scroll hold in the eagle's beak, V.l marginal feathers on eaoh wing, Ki tail feathers, 13 parallel lines in the shield, 13 horizontal ban, and 13 arrow*heads.
Kvery spring the Kmperor of China goes
to " tho omperors's field," ploughs a portion
of it, sows it with several kinds of scedss
and superintends the ceremony, while the
pi in- cs and nine courtiers perform tho sami-
aet, in honour uf the g��d of agriculture
Thu empress, at lho samo time, gives he
ladies a lesson in silk culture.
Advcnluresoino gold miuers of Washing
ton are in a great statu over a discovery
which, it is belicvod, they will bo unable
to Utilise, It ia the custom to raft logs
through Snoquaimie Kails. During tho
shooting of some logs, recently, it was
found that ouo log which shot the falls had
imbedded in its end a piece of i-nart/. rock
.cry rich in gold. It ia now believed that
the rocks under the cataract ure rich in the
precious metal, but the point is how to get
at thein.
The opinion of an eminent London physician is not very reassuring to men who
are plunginL! into thc whirl of business ol
tho day. Ho Bays that the intirmities of
old age arc gradually taking possession of
tlio system somo years earlier than they
were wont to do in former generations.
There has been a decrease in tho doath-ralo
iu Croat Britain since 18(8 at all ages
under 55, whilo between lho years of 01
and 75 there has been an increase. This ia
believed to bo due in tho one case to tin-
better caro taken of children, and iu
tho other to tho wear and tear of modern
life,
Tha most gruesome relic in tlio United
States, if not in tho whole wido world, is In
the possession of "Old Lo Pier," a Spanish
Indian living on the Wonachoe River at the
Coint of its junction wilh the Upper Colum-
io. Old Le Pier's odd souvenir ia nothing
morn ur lea-* than a Ihsro, in- lariat, compos**
ed wholly of human hair,   It is over 60 feet
in length, aad as *. .iriogatud iu color an was
the uoat of "Joseph of old." Tho priests
��� none but the mission clergy arc ever
allowed lo even got sight of it���say that
not less than fifty women nnd girls muat
havo been scalped to furnish material
fur this horrid ropo, tho black, brown,
yellow, red, and gray hair being curiously
and Intricately woven into a rope that is
strong ������jmiuji"' ���<-. hold nn ox, horso, or buffalo.
<ff ���     ' "
THE WEEKLY NEWS(/MAY3o, 1894.
Tfll WEEKLY MS
Published  Every Wednesday
At  Courtenay,   B.   C.
By Whitney & Co.
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Notices   of  Births,    Marriages   And
Deaths.  50 cents each inseriien.
No Ad vert is ment inserted lor less than
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T V. FISHER, NEWSPAPER AD
ill wtiaine Ajcent, 31 Merchants)'
Exchange, Ban Franciaco, it our authorised agent. Thia paper ia kept
on file in hit office.
Wrtdnesday, May 30,1894
In looking over our books we find that
many of our subscribers are in arrears,
some of them for many months. Newspapers can not be run on credit, and we
must urge all who know themselves to
be indebted to us to at once forward the
amount.
Our subscribers at Union will please
pay the amount due from them to this
paper, to Mr. T. D. McLean,jeweler,who
is authonzed to receive and receipt there
for.
Hunter a Candidate.
Announcement to tht Elector*:
The undersigned will be a candidate
for the District of Comox at the forthcoming Provincial election.
Joseph Hunter.
Lady Cook insists that it is proper that
women should propose. Can it be that
she expects soon to become a widdow?
We ought to have stationed here in
Courtenay an officer who would make it
uncomfortable for any rough who chanced
to visit us. Being drunk doesn't excuse any
(tne from kicking a man in the face.
Only a coward would be guilty of such a
thing.
Col Breckenridge ol Kentucky after his
defeat in the action which Miss Pollard
brcught against him, went before his
church���Baptist��� confessed his sins and
asked to be forgiven. Next duy he appeared Upon the stump as a candidate
for congress. The church may have
done right to take him back, but the
people will disgrace themselves if they
confer any new honors upon him, and the
women who are organizing against him
to retire him from public life, deserve to
succeed.
POSTPONED.
1'or some months the directors of the
Comox Agricultural Association have con
templated having lheir Exhibition Building completed by July fir**t and at that
time having a grand entertainment to
celebrate the event worthy of the occasion. It is expected that the building will
be ready, but the committee having
charge of tbe entertainment in view of
thc fact that the Queen's Birth-day was
celebrated here, and was largely attended
by people from Union, and that the Athletic Club of Union was making arrangements for extensive sports on the Glorious First, bave concluded to postpone
their own affair for a few weeks. We
think their action ts wise and that it will
be appreciated by those interested in
the celebration on July 1, We are quite
sine our Union friends may count on a
large attendance from Courtenay, the
Bay and the Settlement generally; and
as tbe Agricultural Association is a district institution, touching all interests
and justly entitled to the support of all
we shall look to see its first great social
g.itlierirg, generally supported; and by
none we are sure, will this appeal meet
with a more generous response than by
those in whose behalf a postponement of
thc event here has been effected.
EXHIBIT AT HOME.
There is to be an Inter-State Exhibition at Tacnma next Fall, and British
Columbia is invited to take part in it.
If this invitation had been received be*
���ore the adjournment of the legislature
the question of making an appropriation
to defray the expenses ofa suitable display on our part might have been considered, but it is now too late; and the
matter has been referred to the organized
agricultural societies to take such action
as they may see fit, with the suggestion
that as tbe appropriation for the aid of
Provincial and local exhibitions amounts
this year to $4,400 that the societies
might consider the advisability of not
holding their usual exhibitions this year,
and permitting this sum to be used for a
Provincial display at Tacoma. We do
not think the suggestion a wise one, nor
do we believe it will be favorably received. Perhaps there may not be much
objection to the scheme in Victoria and
New Westminster, and if not, the $2,000
appropriated to the societies located there
might be utilized for the purpose indicated. Those places, in turn might receive
due recompense by having the exhibition
held there at some fuiure time, but what
return benefit are the country towns to
receive? 11 would mean the extinction of
their societies, as there would exist next
and the following years just as cogent
reasons for them to join the Inter State
Exhibition; and in those years in which
i: should be held at New Westminster or
Victoria, tbe claim upon them would be
still stronger. No, Mr. Spider, we dn
not care to walk into your parlor. We
are aware that the country is supposed to
exist principally for the benefit of the
cities, but we think that it should at lensi
have some regard for its own interest. So
far as practicable it should be self supporting, and independent. It prefers amicable relations with the cities, but is anxious lo take as well as to give. To be
regarded as a ripe orange to be sucked
by a city glutton isn't entirely agreeable.
Il would he much better for the Province,
if the subject of building up the country
received more attention; but as the cities do not naturally look beyond their
own noses, it is the part of wisdom for
the country to take its destiny into iis
own hands. It should foster its own societies, and build up its own interests,
and it should shape the legislation of the
Province so that equal justice should be
meted out to it. As an instance of the
way the law is made to favor the city, we
may instance the Act relating to the assignment of creditors, which makes it
compulsory to publish the notice of the
assignment in some daily paper; so that
if a persons fails in Comox and assigns,
notice is not required to be published in
the local paper which would bring the
fact before all interested, but in a city paper which perhaps tbe persons interested
seldom see. This law is simply to throw
a little patronage into the hands of the
city press, and it well illustrates our
claim that the cities will use us for their
own benefit if we will but permit it. In
reference to some matters we will have
to wait awhile; but it will be own fault if
we consent to turn our share of the general appropriation for the benefit of agricultural societies into the general pot
fora Provincial display at Tacoma. and
we trust the Board of Directors will meet
and give an emphatic negative to the
proposal.
TIE TALE OF POVERTY.
YOU MAY NOT BELIEVE   IT, BUT THE
POOR ARE GENEROUS.
Tha-f Am Not M Unyielding aa Hanatalna,
Nor aa Croat aa lh* tea, Whan Tbajr
Listen Is a Tal-a of Wm Uka or Won*
Than Tholr Own,
Go often enough Into any hnmble quarter of any oity in thi- r-puliliu ami yon
will aeo acta that will stir r��ur udmimti.m
for tho mai-aen who ure so cumplutt-ly unknown. Yuu migiit silprmt tnat in tlu-ir
narrow dingy ab-idei, ill-fwl and i'.l clad,
ever fighting tha hard flcrua battle of Ufa,
tbey wniild he ua mmum. Wuy or how
should they have minds t<* think- of, oouts
to feel for, the wmw uf tht unfortunate*
nbont them ? They could nut be blmued
if they won iiliyieldtug a* tbo mountains.
as cruel at the mu Are they f Let us
look I
Iu tbia tanam'nt, cnn-dntlng of thrr-a
little rooms, in a familr of aix���four small
ciilldreii. T111 parents am ill caiHu-l by
bad air nnd iusuftiiriH.it lood, and mar die.
The Mriifliboni have given "f tlielr -dander
atori-lo buy a taw com fur tn. Two women
--cross th" dirty hall have Iffi. their wuah*
im*-, and are taking cars vf tlie little folk.
When that le done they wilt pn-pere the
nimple meal, will ndral 11 Inter tlie mediulue
pre-u-ribed, will put tiie ten ������in mil to ri^hte
en far as it may be righted. In these
plain ofS.-e-t they will ot-cupy four or five
hnurs, inoHt prfolott-t to ilium in earning
their daily stipend, and nover think how
good tliey are. Other wmm-n will then
come in and watoh by turn** with the sick
couple. So these invaluable kindnesses
will contiiuitt until death or renttvary
makea the r eerviue for tue time sup'-rfiuous.
In a dark himeiuent, through wuoee rattling windows the noonday light scarcely
strugslee, a hfthy haa jnst been born. It
Ilea welling on a soiled, raggfd quilt, as if
to proteet against entering eo ifiiui a corner of a relentless world. The mother,
young and not mtaomely, appir* happy.
even in that diurnal cellar, smiling faintly
at u wrinkled ft-wele, who, having voluii-
tfered for the occasion, has hobbled d->wn
from th-* top story to render, titntolicfted
and unreoompeiieed, each aasistnncu as
she may. Other elderly female--, hearing
of the new birth, are brought thither hy
sympathy with the event, and are eager to
proffer their aaaietanoe. The father, ordained like h<a order to repeated paternity,
wna culled away at sunrise to his tank-
cleaning tne ntrenU--mid knows not yet
what his fellow scavengers, unconaidons of
sarc-umi, term hia good luek. Ha will he
only less happy than his wife when he Is
told of what hae occurred in hi* abeenoe.
Happyt Can he be happy, born to in-
dlnence, rt-a-telfM labor, and ever-frowning dentinv? The majority of the prosperous wonld be in the depths of despair,
would hardly care to live, were their lot
hie or here. Surely happiness la relative.
The very poor, Invariably wretched as tbey
mum appear to the rich, have their com*
pnneatlons. after all. One of theae ia the
will, without pondering or self felicitation, to do good where good Is moat needed
and fortune moet malignant.
The poor, in order to ba resigned to tha
world, mu-t be optimists. May it nol be
that Ihey wno bave least oaune for contentment poeeess tbe largest share. May not
the poor be too enxru-tssd in analere bread-
winning to reflect on what constitute*
oonsentmentt   Ie not there formless faith
Union Saw Mill.
LUMBER
All Kinds of Rough and
Dressed lumber always on
hand and delivered at short no
t'tcp. I
MOULDINGS.
Also all kinds of sawn and
split shingles and dressed pine
and cedar.
. Mo Object la Ufa,
A pereon who has no object In life Is apt
lo ran a vagrant and naeleea career. A man
who aims at nothing, cannot reasonably
expect to hit anything. In miltlarr opera-
tion*, there is always what Is called tbe objective point. The objective point le Ihe
point lo be made, the thing to be dene.
All the foroes of the army are eonaeatrated
ou the making of that point: and when
lhat point la made, auooeaa follows.
In oue sense, life is a warfare; It la a
mcceeaiou of campaigns. And every ont
ahould have hla objective point���a olearly
defined purpose���and work np to ll with
audeviatiug pereieteocr. This to (he only
way be oan auoceed.
Ereu-Haa'Ud Juttie*.
Dr. Francis Parkman, tbe Ult hUtortan,
had a strict idea at joatioe, A friend met
bim one day walking along Ihe etraei leading a atreet boy witb either hand. "What
in the world art yon doing, Parkuanf*
aeked the frieud, "I found lhat Johnnie
hart had aalea all of the apple ineUed of
dividing with hla little brother: I am |*
ing te bay another (or the rear-em boy,
aad MtJu Jobnait vaesk hltm vbite  it
STUMPING.   ,
Stumping done at reasonable
rates by our Giant Stumper.
WOOD.
Coal, brick and lime on
hand and delivered at short
notice.
R. Grant St L. Mounce, Prnprs.
Society    Cards
l.O. o. F., No .11 "
Union Lodge, I. O. O. F., meet, every,
Friday night at 8 o'clock. Visiting brethJ
ren cordially invited to attend.
Wm. Wright, R. S.
Hiram Looge No 14 A.F .4 A.M..B.C.R.
Courtenay B. C.
Lodge meets on every Saturday on or
before the full of the moon
Visiting Brothers   cordially requested
to attend.
R. S. McConnell,
Secretary.
K. of P.
Comox Lodge No 5, K. of P., meets
every Saturday, after the new and full
moon, at 8 p.m. at Castle Hall, Cnrnot.
Visiting Knights cordially invited to attend.
John B.urd
K. R.S.
C. O. O. F.
Loyal Sunbeam Lodge No. too, C. O
O. F. meet in the old North Comox-
school house every second Monday at 8
p. m Visiting brethren cordially invited
to attend.
J. B. Bennett, Sec.
G B Leighton
At th* Bay, Oomox, B. 0.
Blacksmithing an    Repairing
of all kinds
Carriage Work and Horseshoeing a specialty
H A Simpson
Barrister and Solicitor.   Office in snd
flat, Green's Block, Nanaimo, B. C
Will be in Union every Wednesday and
Courtenay on Thursday.
Nanaimo Cigar Factory.
Philip Gable, Proprietor.
aaton atreet ��� Nanaimo B. O.
B
Manufactures   the   finest   cigares,
employing none but white labor.
Why purchase inferior foreign cigar,,
when you can obtain a SUPERIOR AR.T1-
_LE for the same money?
PEDIGREE
-0F-
EARL OF MORAY, dr.
FOALED JULY BTH, 1887.
First Dam, by Scotchman.  Second Dam
by Bay Wallace.   Third Dam,
by Waxwork, etc.
The Earl of Moray, Jr., is a Drappled
Brown in color, three white feet, with
beautiful action and the finest quality of
bone, and like his sire has a tricat constitution. He is rising 'our years old, Foal
ed July (th, 1887, and weighs 1400 lbs.
He was imported by John Hetherington,
from Bruce County, Ontario, and wtli
make the season of 1894 on his farm, Comox.
Earl of Moray; is by Earl of Moray,
(4354,) registered in the Clydesdale Stnd
Book, Vol. VIII, page 422, with his dam
Nance of Inchstelly, as it appears in his
pedigree.���D. McIntosh.
Terms��� To insure for the season, $12.
���      For single service, $5.
���      Groom fees, $1.50.
McKenzie & Smith.
OOMOX B. O.
Conduct a General
Teaming and Livery Business
Riverside Hotel
Courtenay B C
J. J. Grant, Proprietor
The Hotel is one af the best equipped
on the Pacific Coast, and is situated at
the mouth of the Courtenay River, between Union and the Urge fanning settlement of Coniox.
Trctit aie plentiful in the river, and
targe game abounds in the neighborhood
The Bar connected with the hotel is
kept well supplied with the best wines
ind liquors. Stage connects with all
Steamers.   Tenns moderate
Cumberland Hotel.
Union,. B C.
The finest hotel building
Fixtures aud Bar
North of Victoria,
And the best kept house.
Spacious Billiard Room
and new
Billard and Pool Tables,
Best of Wines and Liquors.
i   J. l'iket, Prop.
Wood A Miller
UNION. B. C.
Having Added to their Own
the
Splendid Livery Outfit.
of R. Grant and Co
Are Prepared to furnish Sty-
ish Rigsat  Reasonable Rates
Give them a call.
Robert J. Wenborn.
Machine Works, Nanaimo.
Dealer in Bicycle!*.'. Agent for Brautford Bicjclc Co., H.' P. Davis of Toronto
English Wheels, Benston, Hlimber,
Kudge, New Howejtnd Whitworlh. Will
sell on installment plan or big discount
fnr cash. Parts supplied ��� Repairing a
Specialty.
m
Esquimalt and Nanaimo Ry.
Steamer Joan
J. E. BUTLER, MASTER.
On and after Mar. 22nd, 1893
The Steamrr JOAN will tail as followi
CAU.INHATWAY POUTS ai puHim
Mid freight m<iy offer
Leavo Victoria. Tuesday, 111.
"  Nanatmo for Comox, Wednoadar, 7 a. m
Leave Comox for Nanaimo,      Frldayi, 7 a.ni.
Nanaimo for Victoria   Saturdey, 7a.m
For freight or state rooms apply on
board, or at the Company's ticket office,
Victoria Station, Store street.
Esquimalt & Nanaimo R'y.
Time Table   No.  20,
To take effect at 8.00 a. m. on Friday
April 97th, 1894.   Trains run
��� on Pacific Standard Tims.
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8SS��3i*SSB*.'a**8S as
NwnMa.e.cteieje.gc.Mq    ��.
������'���->-< ���-.-.'������.{rgJI
On Saturdays and Sundays
Return Ticket* will be tltuvd between all
polite for a fare and a quarter, (rood for re-
tarn not later than Monday.
Return Ticket* for eno aad a half ordinary
fare may bo pereboied dally to all point*,
good for seven days, including day of iaiue.
No Roturn Ticket* leaned tor a fare and a
quarter where tha tingle fare is tweatr-Sr*
eee-te.
Through rate* between VietorlaandCetnea.
Mileage and Coramution Tjeketecan bo obtained on application to Ticket Agent, Vietorla
Station.
A.DUHSMUIR, JOMEPH H0KTIR.
Pn-adtat. ����al tart.
a I. PRIOR.
COURTENAY HUM
Popular Store
OOVBTE2TJl.Tr, B.O.
nike leading hotel in Comox diatrici.
���'���New and handsomely furnished,
excellent hunting; and fishing- close
to town. Tourists can depand on
first-class accommodation. Reasonable rates. Bar tupnlied with ths
choicest liquors and cigars
R. Graham, Propr.
O. H. Beevor-Potts
Solicitor, Notary Public. Conveyancing
in all its branches. Office Comcr-
cial St, Nanaimo,
Yar-wood & Young,
Barristers, So'icitort, &c. Office Cor.
Baston and Commercial St., Nanaimo, B. C.
Notice.
All moneys due the late firm of Anley &
Smith MUST BE paid to F. A. Anley or
Tom Ucckensll.- F. A. Anley
HILBERT&SON
Funeral Directors and Emrai.mers
(Iraduatee of the Oriental. Eureka,
and United 8Ut*e College* of Km*
belrali-g    ��� -v
*    Nanaimo, U. C.
The Nanaimo Pharmacy
Nanaimo B. O.
W. E. Mc Carmey Chemist,
Manager.
Punt Drafts Cheiniuals and Ptatant
Mfrdiciiif-s.
Phyaioani Preeelption* and al) order* HIM
with ear* and dlepatoh. P. O. box IS
���eft
McKenzie
���and ���
McDonald
Courtenay, B. C.
General Blacksmithing
and Horse Shoeing.
Loggers' Work a Specialty.
UNION Bakery
UNION, B.C.
Best of Bread, Cakes and
Pies always on hand.
The Bread Cart will   be at
Courtenay and Comox Tuesday- and Fridays.
Adderton & Rowbotham, Prop
Nanaimo  Saw Mill
��� and^���
Sash and Door Factory
A Haslam, Prop. Mill St., PO Boa J5, Tel. II
Nanaimo B. C.
A complete stock nf Rough and Dressed
Lumber always on hand; also Shingles,
Laths, Pickets, Doors, Windows and
Blinds, Moulding, Scroll sawing, Turning
and all kinds of wood finishing furnished
CeHar,    White   Pine,     Redwoed.
All orders accompanied withCASH prompt
ly and carefully attended to.
Steamer Bstell
Harbor and outside towing done at reason
able rates.
Cumberland Meat Market
All Kinds of
Fres h eat, H ams and Bacon
and
All Kinds of Vegetables and
Farmers Produce,
Orders from surrounding coun
try promptly Ailed.
A. C. Fulton, Prop.
The ersat Hody.a Is ths Boat woader-ol
dlMoTeryo'llMiae. Iodon��lby-ol-aU*emea
ifluropsandAaarloa. Madia*.pnrtlyTeis.
--        table. Stops    ^__.
-^^^     Prs*r*tiir��'n"��B ���
eftiudlsobarse
��� sk \Jg   hUOdiji.oiiKS   )t s ;
,Constipation,
UlninMS,��Wl-
IliiKBenMHcmfl;
|��rengtl>f,ns,tii-
Tignriiea and
bifori tonnftitj entire tyitem. irria
Hudrin cons Debility, Msmnmea, ImMone,
ind dertlopM and mums weak organs. Flint.
la the tack, loua by day o. nlfbtan Mopped
quickly. Orer 3,000 prtfite endocNininu.
Premitarenffa means ImpoUmtry la tbe flrot
���tue. ItoanbeitoppedlaMdirSbytlieoMot
liudjau.
Th�� nr* dlseonry wsamads by tbe Bpedil-
lsl.ertl.lold fim,��� Hooi.n Mldlo.1 Ia.ll-
lata, lllitheitronio* TltaUHr made. III.
tou uotsla U.nv. ,  .
ill m-ie will taitntle yon free rf,lUckem.
���sad Ibe elmulars and lenlmanlala, address
Our stock ol Spring and Summer Goods is now Complete.
We have this season surpassed all previous efforts The good
are simply "elegant".
The prices you will find full 20% less than past y*>ar on
average.
TKs millinery this spring is the prettiest that has been shown
for several years. An immense variety of Dress Goods and
Trimmings, also those nice Challies so much in demand. New
Capes, Jackets, and Mantles about half last season'sprices.
49 Commercial St. Sloan & Scott     Nanaimo, B. C.
Job Printing.
Ie are now Prepared to take Orders
"FOR
All kinds of Jon Pkintinc in all its Various Branches.
Posters, Dodgers, Cards, Bill-Heads, Letter-
Heads,     otices, Circulars, Pamphlets,
ociety     \-Laws, Badges and
Ball Programmes, etc.
Orders by mail promptly attended to.   Call and get prices.
Look at This
aynes' Sound Harbour-!
best north ol Nanaimo.
CyOpposite Garvius Ranch
the largest vessels can float.
The Marriage of Iron and Coal will here result in
BXTB1TSIVB   I&OUT    WOBZ3
The great Kings highway between Nanaimo and  Courtenay
will pass throughihere and also the extension of the Esquimalt
and Nanaimo Railway.
Lots will NOW be sold on Easy Terms     ^* Title perfect
Q. F. Drabble, sole agent,
Comox B C.
���j. ^b:r-a:m:s .
Union Clothing Store
Union, B. C.
Have Just received a fine Assortment of English Worsteds for
uitings.   Also Keep Ready Made Clothing, Hats, Shoes and
GENTS FURNISHINGS.
t&, The Tailoring Department is in charge of D. McLeod,
which is a guarantee of perfectly fitting garments and the best
of workmanship,
1s&OQ,TJTTjTjA.T<T&G O-JLlur-rOIR-EI
COURTENAY, B.C.
Having bought out the Stage, Team and Livery Outfit of
John W. Fraser will continue the business at the old stand.
��&,    We have also purchased a carload of Lake coal and wil
deliver it at a reasonable figure.
Orders may be left at the news' Office.
For Sale.
My farm of 113 acres, with coal right,
also slock and farm implements.
James Clark.
Comox, B.C.
R. B. Anderson,
Practical  Watchmaker
Worker, in Light Metals  and
Gunsmithing and Tin   Work
Dingwall Building.
0o��"o*r, B. 0.
Wedding and other rings made to order.
E. Pimbury & Co.
Wholesale and Retail
Druggists   and Stationers
Commercial St. Nanaimo, B. C
Famous Clydesdale Stallion
Norman McLeod III
Will stand this season as usual in the Settlement.
owned by R. Grant and Co.
Terms, cash down:���
Single service, $5,00
Season, $10,00
Insurance, $15,00
Now standingt at Riverside Hotel at
Courtenay.
1. D. McLean
Jeweler, Bookseller
and Dealer in
Organs, Pianos,Music
Stationery,   and  Notions oi all kinds.
Union, -Mines, B C.

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