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BC Historical Newspapers

The Weekly News Oct 1, 1895

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NO. 151.        UNION, COMOX DISTRICT,  B. C, TUESDAY, OCT. .,1895.      $2.00 PER YEAR
Gash!  Gash!
I   WILL   NOT   BE   UNDERSOLD.
BUT CANNOT Sl'l.l. COOPS AT COST ON CREDIT' CONSEQUENTLY
ON AND AKTI.K Al'till.  1st  I  Wll.I. 1)0 BUSINESS ON Till!   CASH
SYSTEM, AND MV I'llICES  AHE:
�����"**��� No Skimping in Weights and Measures"**:! at the
OTJ^BBIK/IjA.iSrD     STORE.
JAMES McKIM, Union,B.C.Mar.20,1895.
IOB   OTl~^J-1A.   PARLOBS
-*= Union, 1,0= w
Soda Water, Candies, Stationery and Books.
������~~"1~ Ja. SPECIALTY.
TOBACCOS
imported and Domestic Cigars    Briar and Meerschaum Goods.
The Above Stores Adjoin, Whore Everything: of the Bost in thtii Respective
liseis will be found.
A.  IF.  Mclntyre  Prop.
Look out for
BLORE & SONS
ad next week
COMIOX     SAW     MILL
Courtenay,   B. G.
Rough and Dressed Lumber.
All orders promptly executed.
JJ~j<~TJ~ZJa.1LZ���    BROS.
Summer Neckwear
in all the Latest Styles
Summer Shirts
in Grent Variety
Summer Suiting
The latest in English and Scotch Tweeds.
LAWSON Sf McLEOI), dunne block.
Tailors and Gents Furnishers
R. B. ANDERSON.
Watchmaker and Jeweler
General worker In Metals
Jobbing ot all kinds
Office and Works   ���ri1 s^1"". nenr
Nkws ollice.
TXNT01T B. C.
NOTICE
Any person or persons destroying or
withholding the kegs and barrels nf the
Union Bre.very Company Ltd of Nanuimo, will be prosecuted. A liberal reward
will be paid for information leading to
conviction.
W. E. Norris, Sec'y
Spring medicines for cleansing
the system and blood at Plmbury's
drug store.
latest tones,
Naval Rifle RANOE.��� II. M S.
Royal Autluit' leaves Esquimau on 51I1
prox, on ;i cruise tn Vancouver and Co-
innN. Ii is generally believed in naval
circles that nfcxt year tlie navy rille range
now located at Esquimalt will be transferred to* Comox.
ALBERNI Minks.���A powerful Mainland Syndicate Co., comprising some of
the most prominent and wealthy citizens
of Vancouver has laken over Alberni
property of Mineral Creel; Mining Co.,
and will nt once prospect and develope
same. Thii syndicate has*also assumed
the burden of defending the company's
title to disputed claims. Two and one
half tons of'ore were shipped to Tacoma
smelter ten days ago.
Matrimonial.���- A rather peculiar
matrimonial exceniricity was disclosed
tho other day. A Nanaimo young man
has been twice married to the same lady.
The first dnie May jist by an Anglican
minister, Hnd tb-2 second time by Rev.
Mr. Maitland a Methodist minister.
DURUANT Case.���Durrani's defense
attempts to centre suspicion on Rev. Mr.
Gibson, but is mailing but little headway
Payment of scalers claims.���An
Ottawa dispatch announces that Lord
Aberdeen iu hastening back to the Capi
tal to meet Sir Julian Paunceforte; the
English ambassador at Washington. It
is understood that the payment of the
daunt of Canadian sealers is io be pressed.
AOOIDEHT   FUND
Thero was a large meeting of the miners at Piket's Hall. John Campbell was
elected chairman and Wnv Anthony, secretary. Interperters were appointed to
aid whore necessary. The committee ap
printed at a previous inptting to confer
with Mr. Little, Superintendent of tbe
mines reported through their chairman,
Mr. Pi a rues, that tbev had performed their
duty and been met by Mr. Litlle in a
most cotirtious way, and assured that
whatever rules and regulations they
chose to adopt in reference to ihe nt titer
would be agreeable to the company. The
report was adopted.
The following committee on permanent
organization was appointed with power
to call another meeting when they were
ready to report, viz: Wm. Anthony, Mr.
Uratratini, James Reid, Richard Kami's,
Waiter Wilson, Jonah Sargent, and M.
Magnoni. Four of the committee are un
derground men and three top men. Tlie
committee are expected to prepare a
schedule of rates for three classes of accidents; permanent ncttdeni, temporal
accident, and fatal accident.
The meeting discussed the question of
leaving off work in case of fatal accident
and finally decided that thc shift on which
the accident occurcd should lay off. and
resuirffTwork on the next shift and continue work until ihe das of the funeral
when the morning and afternoon -jliilis
should lay off.
The meeting ihen adjourned subject to
the call of the committee on organization.
UNION siniTim
S in Mateo left on Wednesday for San
Francisco with 4,400 unn of coal for the
Southern Pacific.
The Thistle left on   Wednesday
j tons of Comox coal for the  Fish
with
Co.,
The Tepic left Wednesday for Vancouver wiih 44 tons of Coniox coal, and
155 tons of wash nut coal for the C. P.
R.. and again wilh 18 tons of coke and
186 tona of wash nut coal for the .Sugar
Refinery.
The Daisy left on the 2S1I1 with 173
tons ol Comox.
The CoquitUm left on Saturday with
::2 tons of wash nut coal -ind the Constance left wiih 209 tons ol lump coal.
The Quadra was in for fuel,
The Mineola, the San Mil Ieo. Costa
Rica, and Kichard III all due this week.
NEXT SUNDAY
Methodist Church.���Cass meeting
10 11. m. Morning service, 11 a. m; subject, The Death of Christ, followed bv lhe
sacrament of the Lord'i supper,. Sabbath school and Bible class at 2. .30 p. in
Evening service, 7; subject���True socialism; its relation to Christianity and reason
Prayer meeting, Thursdav, 7.30 p in.
THINITY CHUUCH
The English church here was formerly
opened yesterday for divine worship, the
venerable Arch Deacon Scrivener of
Victoria officiating. We were dlsappoin
ted in not receiving a cut of the church
in time for this issue but fully expect tt
by Wednesday's mail, and shall therefore
dlferan account ofthe building, society
and opening until next week.
Ill^i   "��y*f *-** 3fjjOOjo
BffliRAL mhchams and butchers
TUN IOIN" 6c COUBTBITAY
Choicest Meats, Fresh Eggs and Vegetables
A full line of Staple and  Fancy Groceries.
Dry Goods, Boots and Shoes, etc., etc., etc
WHEELS AND FISTS
���ft**
b i c ycle race be-
tweeen Peter McNiven and lohn
Bennie came off Sat
urday afternoon and
attracted qui te a
crowd.    It was from
Vr;."***��*   ^illm going
f^.W   At this time he was
ahead. In coming back McNiven injured the rim of his wheel and abandoning
it ran in getting home some minutes
before liennie came in on bis wheel. The
race was awarded IJ.-unie under the rales
by the judges. The decision led to a hot
dispute in which many engaged. The
crowd increased until Dunsmuir avenue
between Fust and Second street was
black with moving figures. At fust it
was the Battle of the Jaws, which soon
degenerated into the Ii-ittle of the Fists.
Tiie crowd surged from one side of the
street to the other. Frank Crawford
seemed thc incarnation of excitement,
ile shut off his mouth, he let out his right
duke followed by Ins left, and planted his
heel in thc stomach of Robert Bennie.
Bennie couldn't stand that, and who
oould ?, And so (in self defence ) as Iw
called it, the flexor muscles of his right
arm went into instant action. "They are
fighting" was thc word passed along the
street, when suddenly ihe tall form of
Chief Constable Hutchison appeared in
their midst. In vain he commanded
peace ! Then seizing Crawford by the
collar he jerked him away. The crowd
either wanted to assist Crawford or were
bent on more fun and crowded upon the
nfilcer. The prisoner resisted with all
his'might, dropping down, doubling up
like a jumping Jack, shooting his le^s
out,at the same ume striking out wilh his
anus. He appeared lo have as many
limbs .is a jelly fish and the moment one
was seized it wiggled out, as difficult 10
hold ns nn eel Slill the ollicer never let
go, but to get a new hold. The sidewalk
was reached and then ihe wriggling limbs
dashed through the broad glass of a
show window, with a crash which could
be heard at the NEWS office. It was no
use, for die officer held on and at the coiner of second street, tearing hi**, man from
the crowd, he inarched him up to tne jail
and then served a summons {in Robert
Bennie.
At 7. 30 the prisoners were brought before Magistrates Abrams and McKnight.
Crawford plead guilty to the charge of
fighting, but Bennie declared he was only del-ending himself, pleidod not guilty.
The proof showed he was fir-ft slni'k by
Crawford. He was let off with costs,
which was quite enough as anyone would
have struck back, exorcising the undoubted right ot self defence. The court ptob-
ably thought that he went farther than
was necessary, although Magistrate
Abrams roinmended bim lor refusing to
go out with Crawford to have it nut.
Crawford was lined .^5 and $2 damage
tothe window antl costs, certainly a
lenient sentence. The com 1 then warned
those present that the offense of resisting
an officer was a very serious one, the
lowest penality for which was ��.ix months
and ;[ioo fine and cautioned them that if
it occurred again the energies of ihe law
would be exercised against the offenders.
Annual   Celebration
Union Lodge, No 11, I 0 0 F
will celebrate th-iir sixth auniversi-
ty v/itn. a
SOCIAL aqd
SUPPER
on Thursday tho 17th of Oct.
At   Odd   Feilows    Kail
All visiting; bro thero cordially invited.
The annual
��� -���
OF THE
Oomox
Agricultural   <
and Industrial
ASSOCIATION
WILL    TAKE   PLACE
Thursday, Oct. 3d.
At Courtenay, B. C.
LL iiOODS
Wo aro showing apodal
Linos in New Dress Qoods
Ladies and Cliildrons Underwear
Omits' Undo*wear, Ties,   and
Books
Man's and Boy's Clothing
Boys' Suits from $1.60 up
Special linos in Ourpets
Butterwick Patterns for  September.
STEVE30N & 00.
UNION, B. 0.
Opposite KilpatPicK's! Livery.
I have an unlimited supply
of money for loans on the security of farming property at
low rates of interest. Loans
put through expeditiously.
Mortgages purchased. Insurance effected,
MARCUS WOLFE
Nanaimo, B. C
P. 0. Drawer 17
&
1
PRACTICAL ARCHITECT
-AND-
BRIDGE  & WHARF
BUILDER.
���53 TjTJSrXOlT, E C. ^Mi%v\ v \\
\v
INSURANCE  FRAUD  EXPOSED.
A Man Supposed to Have Been
Drowned Found.
INSURANCE ON HIS LITE PAID,
Duluth despatch Bays: George
FraKer. ol l-opeka, Kansas, the man
*vho WGfl supposed to havo been
drowned In tho Missouri Kiver two
years n^o, was captured In tho woods
near Tower, Minn., yesterday, Fra-
fcers lire wns Insured tor 958,000, nnd
tho hi'lrs brought suit m tlie Kansas
Courts to recover. The case went
to tlie Supreme Court, nnd was ouo ot
the most famous insuranco cases of
the country. The Insurance companies were defeated In tlio dual decision,
it being recorded last month,
It was always maintained by the
companies that Fraker was alive, l.ut
his whereabouts were unknown, lle-
cently It became known in somo way
that Fraker was naer Tower, where
ho was known under the alias ot
Sohnell. Attorney Robert Herrick and
Deputy Sheriff Wilkinson, of Topeka,
enme here and organized a party to
search for him. Fraker was found
In the woods, and his capture was effected In a strategic manner. Ho was
brought to Duluth to-dny, and wns
taken to Topeka at ouce. Fraker will
go without n requisition. He has
been living near Tower for six months.
He admitted liis Identity, and suid he
did not leave Topeka on purpose to
defraud the companies, Imt while he
was nenr the Missouri Biver ho fell
in. ile swam across tho river and
got ou land, 'i'he next day he read
In the pnpern that ho had been drowned, und concluded to carry out the deception and allow his heirs to collect
tho Insurance.
Attorney Herrick obtained a clue in
the latter part of 18'jl, which he lias
patiently followed ever since, mull
about a week ago ho learned the
whereabouts and assumed name of
the doctor. Ou Thursday night hu
arrived in Tower, together with John
Wilkinson, Chief of Police at Topeka,
to assist in taking Fraker back. They
learned that Fraker went by tho mime
of Sohnell, aud lived with a young
man ia a woodman's hut titty
miles from Tower ou the Itasca county road. A warrant was secured in
Tower.
Ua Sunday morning, accompanied
by Deputy (Sheriff Phillips, they
started in a rough wagon over the
still' rougher rouds from the place,
taking along provisions for five
days, giving out that they were
looking over some timber lands.
About 12 miles from Tower, Deputy
Phillips, who was acquainted with
Fraker, under his alias as Schnell,
saw his companion iu a. shanty near
the wood, and ou inquiring where
the doctor was, learned that they
hud just moved to this place, und
that Fraker was out hunting. Un
examining the shanty a trap door
was fouud in the floor with considerable excavation underneath, looking rather suspicious. The young man
was handcuffed and guarded, and
Phillips proceeded on the road. About
two miles further on wus a man
with a gun on his shoulder, who was
instantly recognized us the supposed
dead mnn Fraker. Herrick engaged
him In conversation, wheu suddenly
Phillips seized his arms aud Wilkinson
put on the handcuffs. Fraker thought
he hud been arrested for killing game
out of season*, ns Phillips was also
game warden. When the warrant wns
read to him he was thunderstruck^
but admitted liis identity. He was*
brought to town, together with his
companion, who hails from Wisconsin, aud seems tu be nn innocent
party,
'I'he prisoner is a well-built, man of
about five feet six inches, -10 yeurs
ohl, with short, black whiskers. In
conversation, he stated that he hnd
expected his relatives to get a portion of the insurance money, and himself some also. Ho had lieen greatly
benefited, he said, by tho waters of
the spring where he stopped, und
had about mude arrangements to
buy tho place, intending to make it
a water cure resort. He would have
spent $20,000, lie said, in improving
the placo.
Tho ease is one of great general interest, becauso of a reward of ��20,-
000 which was offered for his capture. Fraker Is a physician, uml up
to tho latter part of ISO'S was physician to .St. Elmo hotel, tlie leading hotel in Excelsior Springs, a
famous health resort, near Kansas
City. Together with seven or eight
companions, the doctor went fishing
on tlio .Missouri river ono day, and
after dark, and whilo in the company of fleo. Harvey, Janies Trip-
lett, and .fake Crowley, a negro, ho
disappeared and was seen no more.
These parties afterwards swore positively that tliey witnessed Ids drowning while rowing in a leaky bout, but
aftor a strict search Ids body could
not bo recovered. Some three or
four months previous he began loading up with life Insurance, taking
810,000 in the Kansas Mutual Llie
Company of Topeka, $15,000 In the
Hartford Life, $15,000 in tho i'rovl-
denco Savings, $10,000 in tin; Equitable I>lfo of New York, nud $8,000
in benevolent societies, a total Of$58,-
000. After a thorough investigation all the companies, except tho
Equitable, relused to pay the claims,
whereupon JIr. James E. Lincoln, tho
executor of the will, brought suit
in tho District Court at Liberty, Mo.,
which was afterwards transferred to
tho United States Circuit Court nt
Kansas City. Robert Herrick waa
appointed Jointly to conduct the
ease for tho companies, and wns assisted by eminent legal talent. In
tlio latter part of 181)1, after an intensely sensational trial lasting two
weeks, in December, 180-1, tho Jury,
acting under positive Instructions
from tho court, declared for tho defence. A new trial was granted on
technical points, but in February,
189u, Judgment was given for the full
amount,    and    a   stay of execution I
granted for six months until August
12, 1893. On that date the full
amount was paid to the executor,
and the companies withdrew tueir offer of $20,000 reward.
JUK'K   OF   TIIE   POPPY.
History   uf   Opium   Mituu'Hcture   In   tha
Mower/ KluKtloru.
In a work by Dr. Edklns, n distinguished Chinese scholar, who was for
forty years a missionary iu China, recently reprinted as an appendix to the
report of the opium commission, the
Responsibility for tho introduction of
opium in China Is traced on the basis
of "information from tho Chinese
side." it is the prevalent opinion thnt
liritish Interference forced China to
import opium, and thut if British pressure were removed Chin awould cease
to use It. Premising that it was not
till 111.",? that the liritish Fast India
Company established relations with
China, and not till 1781 that the company tool; the opium trade into its
ow ii hands, Dr. Edklns proceeds to set
forth the facts as stated ia Chinese
historical documents. The poppy was
brought into China, he finds, by Arab
trailers between the seventh nnd
eighth centuries, A. 1). Its cultivation
in China began in the eighth century
nnd tlie Imperial Pharmacopoeia of
078 mentions It. The editor of the official Chinese Materia Medlca of the
eleventh centnry remarks : "The poppy Is found everywhere." Tlie Arabs,
Portuguese nnd Dutch preceded the
British East India. Compupy In the
opium trade  In China.
Opium-smoking, according to Chinese histories, had its origin from the
efforts ol a Ming emperor (1G2S-10I1)
to suppress tobacco-smoking. But tlio
practice of tobacco-smoking wa,s established, nnd the only effect of the
interdlo* was to cause opium to lie
used along with tobacco, or instead
of it to.CKC out a diminished supply.
Oplum-smoktng became most common
in parts ot tne empire that hnd been
most given to tobacco-smoking. In
1721) opium-smoking fell under the imperial interdict, but tho trade in
opium continued ns before, the annual
importation being 200 chests. By
17U7 the quantity had grown to 1,01)0
chests, under a tariff rate of :J tucls
per chest. It was received at tlie custom-houses of Amoy and Canton, and
tlie items fn the books show thut the
proceeds of tlie tariff on opium were
remitted lo Pekin; When the East
India Company took the opium trade
into its hands, in 1781, the drug had
been a legal import for from 200 to
800 years. The people demanded
opium, the officials smoked it, and although tlie import was forbidden by
law at the capital it was permitted
by the constituted authorities on the
const. It follows, if the Chinese re-
cords^re Correctly rend, that the
AngloWhineso war of recent date was
not' the beginning of the opium evil
m China, aud did not force upon the
Chinese un unwonted and undeslred
article of truffle.
RICH AND   POOR   OF LONDON.
Clarence Darrow Compares tlie West
and the East Ends.
FAITH <Jlt FOILY?
aim. Ely* Oub of Rev. A. I!- Blmnion't* Con-
VlTtB, Hit'   it.
Ono ol tho contributions nt the
Christian Alliance enmp-ineeting at
Old Orchard, Mc., where ltev. A. E.
Simpson, formerly oi Hamilton. Ont.,
created snch a furore and raised 972,-
000 contributions iu an hour, recently waw ��i note for )*?500 given by Clara
B. Ely, tho widow ol! tlie late Fiifink
Ely, tho wholesale drygoods merchant ot this city. Thero is a queer
story connected with this note, which
has just como to light.
The story opens with a decision of
Mrs. Ely, a woman worth half a million, to renounce all things worldly
and devote her life to tho Lord, followed by an exciting meeting at the
Full Gospel Tabernacle at whioh Mrs.
Ely announced her determination to
sell her handsome jewelry and give
tlio proceeds to charity ia the causo
of Christ. Mrs. Ely solicited tho aid
of George W. Locke, a real estate
man, whoso friend, Julius Hartman, is
a diamond expert, and he agreed to
sell the stones. Hartman had trouble
In disposing of the jewelry, and, according to Locke, became ensnared by
a woman, for whom he gradually
broke away from his family nnd
friends- lie was about to fall when
the final act of tho drama opened.
Having received no return for her
diamonds Mrs. Ely sent for Locke,
who recalled Hartman to his senses.
Tho moment Hartman was brought
Into the presence of Mrs. Ely her all-
pervading power for good exercised
a wonderful Influence over him, and
he decided to become a Christian ami
lead an exemplary life. Ho derla-red
his intentions to Mrs. Ely, and together they knelt down and jn-ayou.
He was forgiven, and the curtain falls.
Mrs. Ely advanced tho money to
Hartmiin nnd tho diamonds became
his property In fee simple, and he
executed lirs note for $500, payable
when ho can raise the money. Tho
(Lftermuth ol the story camo with
the turning-over of tho noto to the
foreign mission fund at Old Orchard,
The note Ih mado payable oa demand. There aro skeptical people
who believe ithiit tho note la
not good. Hra, Ely has faith that
It will bo paid. 'Hftrtman says he Ih
not In a po.'-ltlon to meet the obligation now, bnt will pay It nt tho
earliest opportunity. Should tho
Christian Alliance wish to realize on
the nnte beforo Hartman la able to
pay,. Mrs. Ely will make the amount
good and wait on Hartman for the
money.���.St. Louis cor. .San Francisco
Bulletin.
MADE -THREE ATTEMPTS.
A young and wcll-drcsscd woman entered Charing Cross telegraph office
the other day and wroto out a despatch to bo sent to Manchester. She
read it over, reflected for a moment,
and then dropped It on tho floor and
wroto a second. This she also threw
away, but waa satisfied with the
third, and sent it off*. The threo
telegrams read: First���Never let
mo hpar from you again f Second-
No one expects you to return t Third
���Come home, dearest���all is forgiven I"
Itimtion Nut [Materially Different From
That of Amerlfii-Some Krlght Spots
Kven   lu   the   Darkest  Sections���Titled
Monopoly of Lund Susses ted na u Canse
ot Poverty.
It Is perhaps not easy, says a correspondent of the Chicago Chronicle,
to understand why the British Islands
should have been im* so many years
the centre of the commercial world.
It may ha.ro beea an accident, it may
be due to somo h.ih-discovei'ed natural cause, which us yet wo cannot
fully comprehend, Certain it Is that
for 100 years, England has held tho
first place among tlie nations In commercial Importance, ami for tho last
liity years this position has grown
confita-ntly and rapidly stronger, until to-day probably no three nations
on tho earth combined can equal England in foreign trade.
Her wltolo policy for a century hofi
been to build np Iter merchant marine,
and this hn-s been largely accomplished by leaving her people free and
laying no restrictions upon the commerce of tho world.
THE RICHEST NATION.
Through England's great commercial aaid manufacturing power she has
���necessarily grown to be by far the
richest nation on the earth, Every
other country is her debtor, every
other country is sending bonds to
England and pouring in a stream oi
gold and products tu pay interest na
it matures. People wlio know how to
think ean easily understand that
there is no' sentiment in England in
lavor of tho use uf silver money, a,nd
practically no business man, statesman or journal whu ever even considers a return to biinotnjlie currency.
The mure valuable and scarce the
money, the greater amount England
will get irom all the nations, who are
constantly sending her interest ou
loans. Nothing eon bo mure foolish
than the talk Of '���international agreement" looking toward bimetallism.
As well say that England will furnish
thc tools to cut her throat. She pre-
iers to furnish the tools tu cut other
nations' throats, and other nations
seem to enjoy the process.
ONE SIDE OF LONDON LIFE.
It is shown iu London ia her wonderful public buildings, constructed
withouti regard to cost, not built plain
and simple, but adorned with every
sort of ornament, carved and wrought
In stone, tnat Imagination can suggest. The interior of theso buildings
ts moro elegant and costly still. The
wealth of London is shown by her
massive ana extravagant private residences, by the display of jewels
everywhere about tho city, by the
rich costumes at theatres, operas and
drives, by numerous flue carriages
and endless servants, by costly monuments, by extravagant churches and
cathedrals, by great galleries and
museums, by parks and gardens; by the
glitter of gold and tho sparkle of gems
In every placo whoro a chance is offered for their display.
A walk in Hyde Par kon any pleasant afternoon or on a Sunday moi-n-
Ing furnishes a good opportunity to
seo this sido of London life. Around
Hyde Park is a beautiful drivo which
Is made tne show ground for Lon-
dons aristocracy and wealth. 'Beautiful carriages and turnouts of all descriptions crowd tho drivo during the
afternoon and early evening of each
day, whilo all the sightseers of the
world sit on benches and chairs to see
tho -endless procession of glitter and
color pass by. Theso carriages nro
color pass by. These carriages are,
of course, equipped with faultlessly
uniformed drivers and footmen, aud
filled with all sorts of elegantly dressed people taking their dally d-rlve.
They are largely "occupied by women
and poodle dogs. Tliere are worso
Jobs la this world than being a
poodle dog.      ��� t
A TYPE.
Amid tho great throng, each presenting a diuereut kind of elegance
and luxury, each with it* own special extravagance aud show, It is almost impossible to single out anyone.
But at a chance let us take this attractive turn-out passing dowu tho
drive; a pair ul' splendid, high-stepping black horses, evidently proud
of themselves, their owners and their
position, richly decorated with plaited
harness, and drawing a beeutiful
open carriage, pass before tho eye.
Oa the box In front t-lts a liveried
coachman holding the reins and posing his whip at the exact angle rc-
ipdred ol a well-trained driver who
understands his art. By his side is the
footman, with plug hat, sleek black
coat and brass buttons, white trousers and black bouts with yellow tops.
Ho sits as stiff and unyielding as the
Presbyterian creed. He would not
turn his head a hair to the right
or left If a world was shuttered at
his feet. Ou tlio panel of the carriage, worked In gold, Is a family
coat of arms, which proudly attest.*;
that for ten generations no member
of the family has soiled his ha nils
with work, although perhaps ho has
with blood.
THE EAST END.
But not all ol London cau bo seeu
parading lu llydo Park among tho
splendor or the west end. Liko nil
cities and all civilizations it has its
other side, and this sido Is far more
extensive than the other, however
peoplo may refuse to look.
In tho vicinity of YVbltcchnpel, In
the neighborhood of the London docks,
and, in fact, whero the laborers live,
can bo found tho en implement of thc
splendor and extravagance of thc
great city. Whero a few havo so
much great masses must of necessity
bo very poor; and London is a
wretched place. Ono out of every
four in London earns but $5 a week
for tho support of a family, and over
a third of theso receive much less and
live in a stato of chronic want; one
ia every five will die In the    work
house, hospital or luuatlc asylum,
and if the children are excluded, pro-
baby one In every three. One out
of eleven Is compelled to accept "poor
law" relief each year, notwithstanding tho existence of all kinds of organized charities. Theso figures, together with a great amount of valuable information, havo beeu carefully compiled by Charles Booth, tho
great shipowner of London.
A visit to any of the poor districts
plainly reveals tho poverty and suffering of the poor. Tho buildings nro
small and mean, the people aro ragged and dirty, littio children, half-
naked, play in the gutters of tho
street, the shops are littio and dingy,
nnd the whole surrounding shows
that tho great population lives from
hand tu muiith. A great portion Of
tho laboring peoplo aru constantly
Idle, the great ducks that lino the
river employ these men by the day
ur hour, as they seem to need, and
this whole class is constantly kept
very closo to want. Tlie death rate
among these peuplo Is very high, as
It is among the poor all over the
world, All kinds of societies, elubs,
guilds and every sort of charity Is
actively engaged In London relieving
this wretchedness, but it seems to
make almost no impression upun the
enormous population that is gathered here. Tho streets In which these
peoplo livo aro generally narrow, but
much cleaner than those where tho
pour of Chicago stay.
The unemployed and thoso who aro
irregularly employed are of course a
constant menace to tho better paid,
as they are ever bidding fur a chance
to tako their place.
CHICAGO COMPA1USONS.
It is impossible tu make comparisons between these peoplo and
our own poor, except through
long and careful research
such as the casual visitor cannot give. Duulitioss there are many
more of the wretched and unemployed
iu London thau Chicago, bat tho
whole population of working people
seems to be as welt dressed here as
there.
While their homes are wretched in
London, thero aro no such high tenements as can be fouud iu Chicago, and
more particularly in Sew York, whero
the puor are forced to live. Tho
houses are generally one story high,
seldom over two, and always ol brick.
Then the poor ol London are nearly
all Englishmen; they are homogeneous. In Chicago among our poor
people every language is spoken and
every class is found. This seems to
make the condition worse,
VThltetkapel road is not as had as
Clark street or 'portions of South
Halsted street. Tho working district
does not seem to bo worse hero than
along some parts of Clark street and
Stato street, tho vicinity of Milwaukee avenue, a large portion uf tho
Eighteen tli and Nineteenth wards,
and, in fact, many other places iu Chicago, but it could nut well be worse.
It is only a painful task to dwell
on tho conditions of misery and
want tn a groat city. The lifo of one
overworked and underfed laborer is
the life uf all. In London, as in Chicago, the pour districts arc densely
packed, and the area or this portion
of the city Is no indication of the
number that it shelters. The condition of each must bo known to all,
and with such surrnundings it is Impossible that tho life of any small
number can be greatly different from
the lives of all the rest.
The long rows of littio mean brick
houses seem to havo no end. The
streets swarm with people of all
kinds, chiefly children/ who have nowhere else to play, and the life of tho
child cannot bo different from tho environment lu which* it grew.
PLEA OF TnE   APOLOGISTS.
Of courso tho apologists for this
criminal condition stoutly assert that
theso poor do not have the feelings of
otjlier meh and women (.whatever those
may be); that they aro accustomed
to their poverty, and if they do not
enjoy at leant they do not mind it.
To a largo degree this is no doubt
true. Most of theso men and women
have accepted their hard condition as
hopelessly as tho horses aud oxen
havo takeu theirs ; they think of nothing better"; they kuow thero can ho
nothing better, but this Is ono of thc
chief evidences of the crime of poverty.
It is ouly a few minutes' ride from
tho magnificence aud splendor of tlie
west eud to the squalor aud want of
the east; these two civilizations stand
closo together liko tho parallel columns of a printed page, yet only a
lew can read tho lesson or oven seo
the picture.
But, niter all, ono need not go to
London to seo all this���tho Chicagoan
can seo a contrast quite as great If ho
wiil stand for an. hour or two between
ii aad 5 at Michigan avenue, near tho
bastilo at Slxteeath street, and seo
ono class rido homo from tho business
ol the day, and then, at another time,
from,' Sj to 7, go to the corners ol Milwaukee avenue and Erie street, and
see tho endless procession of toilers-
men, women and children���trudge
homo niter their day's work is done,
to get a night of sleep tu prepare
tbem  for another] day   like the last.
Tho same thing nu doubt was true
of Koine 2,000 years ago, before her
luxury destroyed tho empire. It was
true uf Babylon and Nineveh lung centuries before that. It will doubtless
be true 5,000 years hence, when some
unborn cities and nations shall rise
upon the ruins of our present civilization, destroyed In its turn by the injustice and luxury that sapped the
foundations of Rome,
ALL IS  NOT CLACK.
But tho blackness of darker London is not entirely unrelieved, the artistic sense and refined iustinct of the
poorest Britisher is not wholly dead;
iu front of tho meauest hovels some
English woman has mado a bed of
flowers oa thc window sills or ou the
cornice Just abovo tho door. And nature, by tho uso of sun and water,
has converted some of tbe grime and
dust of this squalid district Into
bright colors or sweet perfumes. Or
elso somo hard, grimy, toll-stnlned
hand has placed a bit of Ivy among
tho stones besldo the houso nud the
green vino has crept all along the
bare black wall, leaving only the
wind blows and the flowers amidst
a sea of glossy leaves. Thus     these
clinging ivies and bright flowers, with
their grace and beauty and perfume,
stand tenderly in front of, the poor
dwelling to concenl its meanness and
cover up tlio misery and wretchedness behind���like the smile that the
resolute face sometimes wears to conceal an aching heart.
FUNERAL PRICES.
The poor Londoner, however, actually enjoys some privileges which are
denied to the rich, as is told by the
following copy of a hand-bill posted
on an undertaker's shop In ono ol
these districts. Tho copy Is literal after changing the English money Into
our denomination.
NOTICE OUR LIST OF TRICES.
Elm coffin, covered, black or
Stained, nailed and furnished
neatly Hearse ami one conch,
each drawn by two horses,
velvet hanging*', men as bearers, uso of pall and undertaker's atteudanco $1800
Elm coffin, stained, nailed nnd
furnished with black handles,
plates. Hcarso and ono
coach, each drawn by ono
liorse, men as bearers, use of
pall and undertaker's attendance    MOO
A good plain elm coffin, nailed,
etc, with Improvod carriage,
drawn hy two horses, use of
pall and attendance      9 00
Children's funerals���Elm coffin
and carriage, drawn by two
burses, velvet hangings, ubo
uf best black or violet pall
and undertaker's atteudanco . 7 HO
Tho samo funeral, with one-
horse cuach, coff:n, pall equipments and atteadancc.      G 25
A child's funeral, coffin, etc.,
with a brougham and ono
horse, use of pall and attendance      3 75
No charge for removal from hospitals.
Printed at the office of the Courier,
No. Ut Barking road, E.
These prices seem to include everything but mourners, which should
havo no place in the funerals of the
poor. The best that the friends of tbo
poor could hope for them Is death;
whicli observation might, perhaps, bo
extended to all other people, too.
The low price for children's funerals
is certainly a great privilege when It
Is remembered that all over the world
one-halt tho childron of the poor die
before they are H years old (that is,
they die or are murdered, whichever
way you may look at it).
CAUSES OF POVERTY.
It Isjprobfibly uselu-'S toinak-e any. ob-
servatioas ou tbo cause of all this
poverrtyln London ; no one e-nries about
causes: It Was all arranged this way
by the Lord. Still, wheu tho "duke"
or Bedford ana the "duko" of Westminster own each about a mile square
of land fn London ana draw directly
and indirectly from the poor from
$.1,500,000 to $8,000,000 per year;
and whon all the rost of London Is
owned ia the same way; when all
the great dockage is owned by four
great corporations, so that no ono
e-ongelt to *cuo river or tho sea without paying them tribute; when all
matters of public uso and necessity
aro owned and controlled by tho
powerful; when all tho factories and
mills aro owned by tho very strong
anil great multitudes aro obliged to
compete with each other for a chance
to work, it ought nut to be hard to
know why the Engliah workingman is
poor.
Tho English workingman Is poor
for exactly the samo reason that tho
British landlord and other privileged
Englishmen aro rich. But of course
theso men havo a right to all their
possesslonsi
Tho land owned by the Duko of Bedford is his by the very best title iu
tho ^vorld; 500 years ago ono of his
ancestors performed somo slight service to tho great aad good Henry
THI. So King " Hal" confiscated
Covent Garden, then owned by tho
Catholic Church, and gave It to tho
ancestor ot the present " duke,'* nnd
It has descended in tho present family
until |iow and will descend forever.
Tho early confiscator and tho original benetfclary arc very dead, and eo
are their descendants for twenty
generations, hat tho prlvllgo is still
alive and growing in value every year.
Tho other English titles rest on
tho samo solid basis n^this���aomo of
them are better because older. If the
act of crime and theft does not bo-
come lawful in 500 years, when is
It legal?
f lareaco S. "Darrow.
FLINGS  AT THE FAIR.
" I say, old chap, what'a that awful
row going on next door ?" " Oh- that's
the Omphalo Club. Tho ladies aro
having their first whist part of tho
pcason."
He���Why doos Miaa Middlcago persist In singing "My Sweetheart's tho
Man In the Moon"? She���Because ho
can't eomo down and deny It.
"Oh," sho said, "your conduct Ih
enough to mako an angel weep!" "I
don't seo yoa shedding any tears," he
retorted, and his tact saved tho day.
" Doesn't Mrs. Noowomnn strike you
as a person of remarkably decided
opinions?" " Naw. She can't make up
her mind, apparently, whether sho
wants to be a gentleman or a lady."
"Sliall I sing something, Mr. Van
BraamV" asked Miss Screech, as sho
swung around on tho piano stool.
" Perhaps you had better not," replied
tho young man; "I read In a newspaper that car-piercing was no longer
ptyllah."
"I saw Mrs. K. going Into an auction salo last Monday. Isn't her crazo
for bargains extraordinary?" "Ves,
Indeed; I believe she could die happy
if sho know sho would bo laid out on
a bargain counter and bo burled as a
remnant."
.      .    RIPE GRAPE CATSUP.
Five pounds of grapes, one pound of
sugar, ono pint of vinegar, one tablespoon of pepper, one-half tablespoon
of aalt, ono teaspoon each of allspice,
clovea, cinnamon. Cover the grapea
with water, cook ten minutes, then
rub through a ajeve so as to remove
skin and seeds. Add the ingredients
and boll twenty minutes, or till a
little thicker than cream; bottle.���
Womankind. imito'ity Mif^
j SENTENCED BY THE MflQUIS. ]
���UM��� ��� ii iM'iiM'inic sin ari'r*;iti7i;'"iiirir''mr;B;' imrnrM'^B ���di
TUs Btory was told
^^^^^^^^^^^^^ down -Yuma
way on tho "Overland" from Tucson,
alter Buppcr during pipes, wliere the
trains had parked for the night, while
the mules were crunching gramma
hay iuside tho circle formed to hold
stock and resist Apaches.
There was uo wind, but the camp
(ires flared just the samo aud spat
aud crackled, lor it was built of
grease-wood and made our shadows
lurch along the lino of freighting
wagons silhouettes when they slip off
tlielr scroeuB.
A pack train pulled Into camp after
supper fires wero lighted aad was
uow sharing t',16 protection of our
circle for tho night. It was owned
by "Cavalry" l'ete. and was a condemned Government outfit, so contained Missouri mules and Mexican
uperejos, whicli was packing iu style.
We were lounging ou the rigging,
watching the sparks flout upward
from the exploding greuse-wooU, and
tho talk turned oil snakes. Snaked
are a safe subject lu a land where
tt man's affairs are either apparent
or else entirely his own, and where
his business, if not evident, is best
kept to himself. There are uot jnnny
subjects. Papers don't reach you,
and politics don't Interost, because
you don't know 'the men and they
were elected so long ago; the tariff
don't affect you, because you have
to make everything for yourself, nnd
transportation is enormous ; women
are not discussed because you see
none, and the ones you once knew
have either beon forgotten or else nre
unknown to the men you meet, lte-
llgiou is not lu evidence, liecanse there
are few churches and you havo no
chance to practice It. The weather
Is not discussed; it is too permanent
to permit differences of opinion. Even
tlie futuro ai'foi'ds no topic, for it Is
too uncertain, and is sure to lie unlike tho past. 01 the past there has
been plenty, and it Includes ooth Indians and snakes, so they are safe
subjects, and keep men from growing bigoted, hearing always of things
in adventures utterly unllko your
own, iu tills montouous land ol permanent turquoise skies and unforget-
able landscape whicli has been so
costly with life aud so versatile with
Incident.
Several men who bud told snake
Stories now turned to l'ete. l'cte
wos never forward with his anecdotes, but if you could dig ont one
of bis chronicles It was generally
worth the digging. Ilo had buffeted
badly, for ho was aa educated man
cursed with a lovo of adventure.
Peto shifted his position against tlie
pnek rigging and began.
"Probably I have had one original
experience, for 1 allow, I am the oaly
man living that was ever sentenced
bj a jury to die at the hands of a
Gitake."
"A snake I" echoed tlie camp.
"I'll bet the Judge was drunk
they did not execute it," said
muster ot transportation.
"I'll bet there wurn't no judge and
ther camp hud run shy on ropes," i'
served a teamster with a twinkle.
"Thero was no judge nnd there
were plenty of ropes; it was a jury
���not as you could call my peers���
but their sentence was executed, at
least so far as the snalto was able
to do his duty," replied Pete In slow
correction to facetious Interruptions,
and then continued:
"If you ain't beon among the Menu's It Isn't likely you'd kuow much
about their ways, which are peculiar.
They are still a I'ucbln Indian just'as
they were when Corouado found
them over SJOO years ago. But their
houses must be higher now, for they
had a queer custom of continuing a
building from generation to generation, adding story to story, for tliey
always build upward, and there
wasn't room to build nny other way,
because ttieir forefathers had selected small detached buttes as a sltcfor
the village.
"Tho buildings with their Inclosed
court filled the top of tlio butte to
the edge of the bluff, whleh rose hundreds of feet from the mesa. The
sliles of the court were 100 yards long
und tho building continuous all
around the plaza.
"Somo of the buildings were six
stories high, with a terrace above
each floor. When a couplo married
they added another cupola, mud-swallow fashion, to tho ancestral martln-
Iwx; built teu feet moro ladder to
connect witli the terrace below and
the rest was ready. If they had
kept up Ill's style of building much
longer some of the stories would have
toppled oil and fallen over tho bluff,
but the race is dying now and they
have quit building, They Intermarry,
so the tribe will soon come to an
end. The women do tho proposing,
and most of till the wiirk, and tlie
fool-way they lived on the crest of
those high buttes left plenty ol
chores to bo done. Tho water was
at the baso of the bluffs and wood
hud to bo fetched up steep cobble
triilta lending from the mesa, Tho
corn patch was miles nway In the
vnlley und the sheep nnd goat folds
were In dugouts near the Bprlnga under the hill.
"Ages ago they lived like sensible
people on the streams in the valley.
Then tho Apaches camo and defeated
them in the Open und they fled to
the buttes and fortified them, nnd
for days hurled bowlders over the
bluff onto the head* ot their besiegers. After a whilo tho Apaches withdrew from thc siege and collected the
Moguls' stock nnd drove it south.
"The Apaches have never been back,
but tho Moquls still live, liko swamp
rabbits, crowded on a knoll when the
flood is on In the bottom. The men
are too cowardly to fight In the open.
Bo I suppose their women will drag
wood and water up those bluffs
till tho day of judgment.
"Tho married women drive the stock
to pasture on the plnln, and till the
maize and barley land In the valley
and saw the full moon smile behind
the rim rock of the Magallons.
" Three days passed, and in spite ot
the fiesta no rain had fallen aud tho
corn lay parching In the ground. The
{ people of the village spent their even-
i ing ou the terrace, for the estufn was
closed to the public, and tho old man
,. ,   ,   ,    .   , ,        ..      . ���    of the tribe mot the Governor, Hual-
where It Is lrrignted from tho streams. | peCi tUere ln counoUl
The girls remain Indoors, and weave .. Wuoa tn0 m00a r030 j B0,lght Sce_
baskets and woollen blankets and cil0.malli but did not flnd heri T
grind corn on metates. When a girl eeareueil through all the terraces,
wishes to marry she grinds lnces- walklne many tlmes. ar0lma tae
eantly in token of her longing. The I piaza . 6UD was not amon tue women
men seeing the sign gather round If, 0, the tH1)e Tnen j wmt down th
sho be comely, and when the chosen ( ���t       ��������� wMoh ,ed t0 th ,
one appears she lings flour In the lace onder the bluff. She was not at the
ot him she wou d favor. If ho accepts Bnrlngs, 8C> T returned by the other
her he quits the estufn, long enough trail which led upward to the oppo-
to erect a cote on top of tho ancestral ,t B,de n( , ^ A j glllnod*i,ie
mansion, arranges a ladder to con- gumm!t , lall0*ed over thD***(lat mud
.ieet with the terrace   below,   after 1 r00, _. tlli*���,...��� ami Baw . .nlitii.**
tisvst 2r-M"���*rflluaea by *! sskff wmr\vf&
%^l��\$Wl��W .<*.%** I ���7'   ��~*-**~**i   and  she
and
the
and weaves, but goon farther with the
sheep Into the valley aud tills and
sows and harvests, while ho returns
to loaf and smoke at tho estufn. The
estufa Ib a big dug-out defensively arranged on tho brow of the bluff, Just
out-Hide one of tho buildings enclosing
tho court, and Is entered through a:
hatchway by a ladder. It is au big :
and na dark as the hold or a ship, and
is grimly lighted by tho sacred estufa
fire, which is kept always burning In
thc centre of tho room, and the smoke
ascends through tho entrance hatch.
Tha men lio around ou sheen robes,
spread against the wall, and gosBlp
and smoke. You eee tho estufa Is a
kind of a club-house, council-room nnd
temple, with a square stone atove In
tho centre where a Joss-fire of aromatic wood is kept constantly burning. It Is also used lor feasts, when
the women are admitted. The governor meets the old men of the tribe
here In council.
"I was stopping with tho governor
nnd had quarters on tho ground floor,
which Is the store-room and granary
of the tribe. Here See-cho-mah, his
daughter, would eome and weave baskets of willow root and mnguey, whilo
hor mother wns in the valley with the
women of the herd and old Hualpee
smoked my tobacco in the estufn.
When See-cho-mah found mo watching
her at work sho would stop weaving
and turn her great, dark eyes across
the valley to tho snow-capped peaks
of the San Francisco range, which rose
liko Clouds and rested in the blue.
Then lier gaze was very wistful*, but
when sho saw I had followed hor
glance toward tho mountains she
would quickly drop her eyes and resume her work.
"A dozen times a day I wo-nted to
mako lovo to hor, bub I knew little of
the Moquls' language and spoke that
badly.
"1 could only Fit fascinated, watching her at work, until I would be
seized with a desire to touch her, (but
never kuow how to begin. I knew
none of tholr love words, so could
only try to look my longing���women
.are eo shy until art teaches thom
to hide their feeling. With a bolder
woman ot my own skin I could have
solved the situation In short order.
I had watched See-cho-mah for seven
days, when ono afternoon she stopped hor weaving and began grinding
corn ou her mutate. Suddenly she
ceased grinding, tool; a quick breath
and with lowered eyes caught up a
handful of flower and dashed it lu
my face. I did not theu know 'whnt
that meant, but the act seemed playful���almost affectionate*���bo I caught
and kissed lier.
"That night they held a balle at
the estufa. Much a dance you never
saw. The women aud all tho tribe
were admitted; the men camo masked, clad in skins. Somo wore hideous
goggles, c^ut from gourds, others
masqueraded as antelopes, elks and
bears, walking ou all lours and Imitating their gaits. Tho musicians
sat In tho angles of the room, (dimly
lighted by the sacred sage fire, and
beat tam-tams, sawed gourd fiddles
and played on flutes, whose ends. Immersed in water held in the alias,
bubbled strange souuds in Imitation
of beasts und birds.
"In the half-lighted room this wild
menagerie paraded for some minutes
to the weird mualc. Theu the fiesta
fires were lighted, bark wicks inserted into earth Jars filled with fat
Illuminated and filled with shadows
tho oppressive room, and the dance
began.
" Women nnd children chanted to
tho monotonous beat of tho tam-tams
and tho movement of dancing feet.
Placed before the musicians In the
angles of tho room, were jars filled
with fiery tlswin, fermented with
corn. Squaw** with bags of goat
skins replenished the Jars with liquor
nnd masqueraders passing them immersed their muzzles lu them, as animals do when drinking from a brook.
As thc tiswin took hold of tho dancers
the pace of the dance Increased and
men wearing horns locked themselves
In combat, simulating the fights of
tho forest. Toward midnight the
stupor ol drink hold somo in sleep,
but the movements of others were
mado only more furious. Those who
succumbed to Intoxication were dragged from the middle of tho room and
piled against the aheep rohes beyond
Che dancers" Circle, When a man was
vanquished In a homed duel his squaw
was taken Irom hlin and led toaseat
bj the victor. Many wore headdress-
oh of tassels and girdles strung from
ears ol corn and the dried grains were
rattled in alias and lu gourds. Tho
object ol this corn dance was to invoke rain, which for months had not
fallen, though this was spring time.
Toward morning i wearied of the
revelry and resolved to make my exit. 1 glanced toward See-cho-mah,
/ind tmy look was strong enough to
lead her; she followed me through
the smoke up the ladder and out into
the plaza.
" Together we walked around the
inclosure, against whose eastern wall
tho descending moon sent, a flood of
light. Oa the faeo of thc building
above ua See-cho-mah pointed to some
paintings and tried to translate them.
They were of animals and plants dono
iu colors, but presented without perspective or scenic effect. She mado me
understand that tho hieroglyphic
groupings commemorated the defeat
of the Apaches when they stormed
tho bluffs of Ornibo. Then together
wo climbed to the topmost terrace,
motioned mo to silence. For twenty
minutes I stood, watching her In the
mooullght. Then she arose quickly*,
and coming to me said ln the hurried
language of their signs that I was
to dio. Their medicine man hnd told
the council that a strange devil was
hidden iu tholr camp, and that the
rain god would not como so loug as
ho roamed free. See-cho-mah knew
where they would find the devil. Together wo descended the coble trail
that led past tho sheep folds Into the
valley, where my horse was grazing
with a band of bronchos, and I could
not cutch him. Her pinto pony was
grazing with tho band. She called
him to hor and cut my saddle horse
out of the herd..
" Then ehe cut strips from her
blanket, wu.ch i fashioned into a
bridle. Sho bade me mako haste, and
I beckoned her to follow for a momont sho faltered, then refused to
como, saying they would miss me
sooner if she weut along, that I must
fly.
'* I loft her standing by the acequla
aud headed for tho rim rock that lay
a long day's journey westward beyond
tho valley. All night 1 travelled and
until evening the next day, camping
on tho cross of tho rim rock with
tho plao forest that exteuds a hundred miles southward to Fort Verde,
spread out 2,000 feet below. I had
come without; food, and wus too weak
to mako the descent that day, so lay
down to sleep.
"I awakened u MoquI captive. They
bound me hand and foot, The Jury
had already tried my ease at the es-
tufta, aud now my captives proceeded to execute its sentence. They
selected two scrubby Juniper bushes
that grew some teu feet apart on
this rocky cliff and laid mo on tho
ground between them. Then they
lashed rawhide riatas to my wrists
and ankles, making the free ends
fast to the Juniper bushes so that
I was extended between thom, for
the ropes wero drawn so taut that
I eoiiid -scarcely roll over ou tho
ground where I lay. Next they
brought a rattlesnake, long as a
carbine, and secured him by tho
noose of a long rawhide thong passed
over his tall. Then they drove a
picket somo yards from where I lay
and tied tho thong to it, so that
tho snake could movo about in a
clrole, and left us.
"Where I lay I could watch the
movements of tho snake. At first
the rattler seemed frightened and
crawled from me to the length of his
lariat, When he felt the cord tighten
he u\rew back, coiled, and struck
angrily his full length beyond tbe
thong. Then ho swung further to the
right, and as tho lash tightened he
coiled and struck again. This he
repeated again and again,, each time
more viciously thaa before, nnd each
stroke, as he wheeled on his circle,
camo Dearer and nearer to me. I
estimated that the length of this
thong would about permit him to
reach me when he struck toward me
in a direct line. Nearer and nearer
he came, each stroke so near that
his salava soon spattered on my
body. Now I could feel his fetid
breath fanning on my face; his next
stroke would be his nearest; could
he reach me? I closed my eyes ns be
coiled. He struck, but hardly tipped
my clothing. Ho struck again nearer
my body and toward my feet, but
this tlmo farther from me. He could
not reach me. A great Joy entered
my soul.
"I opened my eyes nnd found that
he had been picketed too far.
"For some minute's I gazed, watching him coll and project himself with
sudden Jerks like tho hands of a stop
watch, moving Intermittently in Its
circle. Again lie passed me. Again I
closed my eyes. But he did not reach
me. Ho could not reach me. I would
livo. In my Joy at my first discovery
I had forgotten my own thongs, and
how I was to loose tlr��cm. To uni
them was Impossible. Then I trle-d
chafing them through against the
ground, but only cut my wrists In tho
attempt, for they were buried deeply
In my flesh. My captors had been
cunning. Already my tongue was
growing thick with thirst, and tho
rays ot the hot morning sun, now high
In the heavens, beat down upon me.
Then the terror or my situation
struck in, until I even pitied the
snako, helpless as myself, and wished
that ho could strike and end It. He,
too, was evidently suffering with
thirst, and IjIh Impotent strokes were
growing feebler.
"Tho red n;sk of the desert sun hung
rayleSS In the saffron western sky and
my wrists were roasted by tho hlnz-
lng'hcat. It seemed to me it would
never set. Once I turned my body so
far that I gazed over tho cool, green
forest- that spread below the bluffs,
, land fancied I heard tho murmur of |
j waters that 1 Could not sec, but knew j
coursed from under tho 'rim.' When 1 |
turned back to look at my companion |
���captive I found that he had grown i
weary of the useless struggle and had
colled   himself
splashed about me In the dust. Then
a flood came down ntid I swallowed
water aa the -drops fell in my mouth.
Soon the water waa flowing In a sheet
neneath mc, and turning my face, I
drank from puddles, filling my mouth
with grit and niud. My cords were
somewhat loosened by the rain and no
longer cut my wrists. Wheu the rain
ceased my executioner, the snake,
seemed also revived and renewed his
struggles ior liberty, striking always
as before. Hla thong, now softened
and distended by the rain, would easily permit him to reach me. 1 had already decided that death from liis poison was preferable to the lingering
denth from thirst 1 must dio there on
thc desert.
"But even when the mind is made
up to death there is still in all flesh
au animal clinging to lifo. I shrank
back as far as my bonds would permit. I was within his reach. I
closed my eyes an tho snake colled
again, and telt a sharp blow on my
cneek, as from the prick of a needle
or a tack. It was over now and 1
would soon be free. I waited calmly
for the efect of the poison; hours
passed, but no swelling came.
"Then I remembered having once
been told that after a rattlesnake
had struck several times his bite is
harmless, for tho poison becomes exhausted.
" So it waa to be lingering death
at last.
"1 turned my head again and looked
over the cool rim toward the Matzat-
zats on the Verde, where my comrades
about now were loitering on the stoop
of the barracks, waiting for the roll
call at retreat. The sun was sinking
Into the dust haze, and I expected
never again to see It set. The night
fell and 1 slumbered, but awakened
to feel a fight hand on my shoulder,
a hand that offered me food. See-
cho-mah was bending over me. She
had followed and found me on the
bluff. Then she removed tho cords
and bound up my swollen wrists- In
tho morning I aaked her to go w fth
me Into my post, but sho refused, say-
lag;
"'Togoa, the rattlesnake, spared
you because f love you. The rain
god Is appeased. But the medicine
man is right. You are a devil, and
If 1 yield to my lovo it will curse my
tribe.    1 wih return to my people.'   "
nS
<9
Woman's World.
A WISE PARROT.
I'o.-i* I'olly* Proved
the
iiu Unwelcome Bpy on
Cook.
At first Polly was much puzzled over
the names of the members' of thc family, and ouo morning a lew days alter
her arrival tho girl that had charge
of her neglected to give her her food.
When she came near the cage, Polly
put her head on one side and called
out:
"Is it Annie '.*"'
It was 'Annie' that fed her in her
old home.   Then she ventured to ask :
"Amnle, is breakfast ready?"
The answer was, "No, I'olly, not
yet."
The next time sho enme near the
cage the question was repeated:
"Annie, Is breakfast almost ready?"
"No, Polly- yours Is not quite ready
yet.   I'll give it to you presently."
The third time Polly inquired indignantly :
"Don't tliey ever cat breakfast iu
this house ?"
An old lady kept her parrot in the
kitchen at night, and tn the morning
it would glvei a full account of the
doings of tho night 'before.
One morning she wus astonished to
hear  Polly's  greeting:
"Broke the china bowl! Put It under the boards! Put a bag over
Polly's cage so sho wouldn't see and
tell it all!"
Investigation proved that Polly's
story was true, and she was no longer
a. welcome guest in the kitchen when
thc cook found sho was so good a reporter.
She must have made some threats
that Polly overheard, for the parrot
greeted her mistress with the words:
"Wring Polly's neck, so poor Polly
can't tell everything she  hears 1"
When her cage was le.t out one day
in the rain slio called to a lady who
was pa.ssing with an umbrella:
"How are you? How do you do?
Tolly's very wet, thank you 1 Poor
Polly! She's getting very wet,
deed. Vory well, 1 thank you, but
very wet, indeed!" ��� Philadelphia
Times,
MEN'S TASTES.
It is an accepted thing among Avomen that men dislike all shades of
heliotrope, purple and mauve. Tlie
origin of this belief la difficult to
trace. The only approach to a solution was from a woman who had
hoard a man say that those things
were penitential tints, and implied
sin and remorse. But he waa an
emotional and imaginative person.
Thore is a tender penslvenesa about
mauve and heliotrope but purple,
which should be regal, has a distinctly commonplace tint. A man
Is never expected to know whjon
woman Is well dressed except wli
she wean black or white. Mon in
their hearts like Cheerful colors; red,
Tor example- delights their eye. When
tho fireman waa aaked what color
he wanted his uniform, he answered t
"Any color, so  Its  red.'* Ho spoke
for nine-tenths of ills sex. ��
WORLDLY WISE.
It Is a dangerous precedent to do
evil that good may follow,
We mask our age not by years,
by events.
Conscience Is like a watch���apt to
get out of order if too roughly
handled.
After a man is married he wonders
  D���  .        ; what   made his old   friendships with
up amid   some   slack i other men seem bo dear.
folds of his thong.   I gazed towards J    Not much credit should be given to
the San Francisco range and saw the * him who does right by accident.
dark clouds rising beyond, spread over
the snow-clad peaks.   Then camo the
sound of   wind hurrying  rain clouds
over tho  foothills, whero  tho storm
soon broke.  Then rain veiled nil the
valley and my heart took hope.     I ^^^^
wondered if the rain would reach the I    A mau may
Mm.'   I had not long to wait before j ]>e hath It not
tho big  drops, falling one    by   one,   an overcoat.
Long waiting Is the severest test
that love can be put to.
When a man Is pursuing a good
work he too frequently stops to listen
for applause.���New York Recorder.
nOW TO GET THIN.
The woman who wants to be thin
must drink large quantities of hot tea.
Sho must not sleep too much.
She must*  practice with  dumb-bells
beforo meals*
She must eat salt on dry toast.
She may drink tea or coffeo sweetened only with a saccharine tablet.
She must omit oil from salad dressing.
After breakfast, rain or shine, she
must exercise, though Borne fall.
She   must   keep  her   mouth   closed
while walking.
Sho must rido on a bicycle to reduce
her hips.
Sho must take a bath every twenty-
four hours.
A DELICIOUS SACHET POWDER.
To -make a delicious roso sachet
powder take powdered Florentine
orris, S ounces; roso leaves voir dried),
10 ounces ; musk lu powder, 20 grains;
lavendar flowers, 2 ounces; civet,
10 grains. Mix well and keop closely
corked uutil you wish to uso for the
sachets,
OrSTER COCKTAIL.
Mix together eight drops of Tobaseo
sauce, one-half of a teaspoonful of
horse-radish, one-half teaspoonful of
vinegar, one teaspoonful of lemou
Juice, one-halt of a teaspoonful of
tomato catsup. Add eight oysters,
aud serve In cocktail glasses.
WOMAN'S VESTED BIGHTS.
Woman Is still clamoring for her
"vested rights," in spite of the fact
that sho ts not only vested but Is
neck-tlcd, standing-collared, * shirt-
bosomed and, since bloomers hnve
come in, other thlnged ns well. Tho
rest will come If she Is only patient.
It is nerve-tearing to be overhasty,
THE BUTTER KEPT WELL.
Through an accident, Mrs. Charles
Pr.ckett, of Attalia, Ala., has discovered a cheap and excellent way of preserving butter. Five years ago she
dropped a itowl of butter into a well
at her homo. The other day the well
was being cleaned and tho lost bowl
was found. Tho butter had remained
Intact, and wa.s as pure and fresh nd
when put into the*, well by mistake.
HOW TO MARK A MUSTARD
PLASTER.
A mustard plaster made according
to the following directions will not
blister the most sensitive skin:' Two
teaspoonfuls mustard, two teaspoonfuls flour, twe teaspoonfuls ground
ginger. Do not mix too dr.,v. Place
betweeu two pieces of old muslin and
apply. If It burns too much at first
lay an extra piece of muslin between
It and the skin; as the skin becomes
accustomed to thc beat take tho
extra piece of muslin away.���September Ladles' Home .Journal.
FOR BICYCLE GIRLS   ONLY.
Remember that loose hair may be
pretty on the piazza, but it is a sight
on a wheel.
Remember that ono button off your
legging is a good opening for disaster.
Remember that an invisible net- tho
color of your hair, worn across tho
front hair will keep It iu place.
Remember that careful adjustment
of tho placket is needed, and a. strong
union between shirt nud skirts.
Remember that your shoes aro to
lie oiled and polished, for they are
very much la evidence.
Remember also that you nro to examine every nut nnd screw of your
wheel beforo starting, that you may
not got killed.
PETTICOATS OF MOREEN.
Sho who Is still loyal to petticoats
will bo sure to favor the skirt mado
of dark blue moreen. It is almost aa
satisfactory in its flaring effect as
haircloth, and though not quite as
daiaty as the muslin skirt, with Its
frills of embroidery, yot It diminishes
the washerwoman's bill, aud that ia
saying much In Its favor. The skirt
is made with a dark bluo silk yoke
which fits smoothly over tho hips,
and Is cool and comfortable In summer. It has organ-pipe plaits at
the back and a ruffle at the sides
and in front, Tho ruffle I.s bound with
silk, and altogether tho skirt has
an air of elegance. Plain skirts of
black moreen are very serviceable,
and thoso made of whito with a
lace frill are charming to wear beneath an unllned lawn, organdie or
dimity frock.���World.
SPICED PEACHES.
Seven pounds peaches, four pounds
Sugar, one pound vinegar, half ounce
ginger root, ono teaspoonful ground
cloves, one teaspoonful* allspice* two
teaspoonful.*? cinnamon.
Pare fruit, put vinegar nnd sugar
to boll. Mix spices in four equal parts
and lay each in small square of muslin. Throw each in vinegar and sugar.
and when this la scalding hot iuld
fruit. Bring all to tho boll, then turn
In stone Jar and put In cool place until
next day. Next day draw off fyrnn
and put ln kettle, bringing again to
a boil, nnd then pour back over
peaches In stone Ja r.
Do this tor nino (lays from the time
you commence fruit. Last time b
syrup down one-half, or until there is
Just enough to cover fruit. Put.in the
fruit the last time, and then put i:i
glass Jars for keeping.
THE  CANADIAN   AREA.
According to recent surveys*, the Dominion of Canada has a total land
area of 8,315,847 square miles. The
lakes and rivers occupy 2S-I ,r*5.'J
square miles more. The country has
a range of 1,400 miles from north to
south, and 8,500 from cast to west,
and contains seven settled provinces
and four '"districts." The area of
these divisions in square, miles, as now
revised, nre ns follows : British Columbia, 882,800; Manitoba, 6-1,068; New
Brunswick, 28,100: Nova Scotia, 20,-
550; Ontario, 219,G.~0; Prince Edward
Island, 2,000 j Quebec, 227,500; Tcr-
torlea, 2.871,481.
issumo a virtue though
but it is different with
The three counties of Knox, Athens
and Fairfield, Ohio, return a certificate that there arc no cigarette dealers In them.        f THE WEEKLY NEW, OCT. i,  180-
THS ram NEWS
Published Ever)* Tuesday
At Union, B. C.
M. Whitney Editor
TEftMS OK SUBSCRIPTION.
nr   ADVANCE.
Une V.��r    ��?0'l
8li Montlu     Its
Slnvle Copy    0 Of
RATES OF ADVERTISING:
On. huh per rant $li��i
..   ..  mouth      l��j
ulxhth col   per rear     2*. .HJ
feurth  ..    nm
seek. .. lin.            mm
load r.otl.oH.per line           -11
Notices   of Births,   Marriages   and
Deaths, 50 cents each Insertion,
No Advcrtisment inserted for less than
50 cents.
VERDICT OF THE  JURY
The following is the verdict ofthe jury
in thc matter 01 the inquest on the body
ot John Howe, before Coroner Abrams,
at the adjournment, Sept. 26th :
We the jury, * * * find, alter examining the witnesses, that the said John
Howe came to his death by a fall of ruck
from the roof of No. 9 stall, No, 11 east
level, partly through the neglect of the
Union Colliery Co. in not supplying strin
gers when asked for, and neglect on his
own part in wo'king in stall without pro.
per timber;.
Tnesday, Oct. 1,1895,
On Tuesday the little travelling dairy show of the Dominion will complete
its herculean labors on Vancouver Island by instructing the agriculturists of
Commercial street and oiher farmers of
tho Black Diamond City how to make
butter.
Here is another slight I The Con
trailer of Customs, Hon. N. Claslte
Wallace, has been through to the coast
inspecting the tariff collecting offices;
but neglecting to visit llie new Union
building where Mr. Geo. Roe sits at
the receipt of customs.
MAINTAISr BRITISH PRESTIGE
We may have another trial shortly
for the America's cup. British opinion
condems Lord Dunraven for retiring
from the contest for re.isons which
were known to exist when he issued
the challange. It is now said that Mr.
Rose of the Exclusive London Jocky Club,
of which the Prince of Wales is a moving spirit, proposes to contest fcr the
cup. This will be a reproof of Lord
Dunraven's course. The true Untisher
fights it out to thc bitter end.
EXHIBITION   SAY
The subject of principal interest this
week in Comox district is or should be
tbe Exhibition of the Agricultural Society at Courtenay. Next to our splendid steam coal, conies farming, in
point of impirlance, and everything
reasonable should be done to encourage it. Nothing yet devised does
more to stimulate enterprise, promote
right methods, and elevate the standard
of farm life than these annual exhibitions
THOSE BACHELORS  AGAIN
Coru-)*jiuiiilei>Qo
N ol vw i th s tan tl i 11 j* what the News hud
to say about ihis mosl wretched cla*n����i'
unfortunate*., the people of Union are
still confronted wiih this uncivilized mode
of life.   As these p.jor fellows twill; out
in their sirj-le blessedness (?J we syinpa
(hiite with thero, as far as our minds can j
descend into their pandemonium ol tht: j
unnatural, miserable. j
A few days hjjo we witnessed astranye
meeting (if une of these happy go-luckys,
with a couple of sweet summer tfh'ls. He
had been complaining of his hard lot and
ot the modern gins not coming up to the
standard, when some one knocked ot tlie
door. He was about to open it with a
oau ftdl of mc.it in one hand when he
thought it might be a lady. Then he
stuck the pan behind lhe door, and fearing she might Lee too much of the interior, poked his face out.
Angels may, but mortals never can de*
scribe the expression of those features!
The blushes chased each other up and
down his face, and a smile made a hard
struggle to come to the front. He trembled in his ardent desire to sneak out of
sight, and could not conceal ihe l-.vish-
you-would go away expression ol hi*>
whole being,
The girls looked calmly on, as if wondering what he might be, yet not without
some fear for they actually stopped chew
ing gum for a minute. 'I litis they stood
while the silence was growing a��ful{
then the girls, not losing their womanish
propensity of always having plenty to
say, made an excuse for the vL-u.
Thc coming woman seems not lacking
in her determination io make things right
in ihis man-governed wuritlj and ifthe
aggressiveness of this usurper still grows,
i here is yet hope of iucheior-dom pa*��i-
ing out of existance-
Cupid
QUALITY  COUNTS.
We have nearly all our New Fall nnd Winter stuffs in Stock
Don't you make a purchase without first taking a look through our
store.
We mean to do the business this fall and have marked the goods
to sell. Drop in anyhow, when in Nanaimo. We will be more than
pleased to show you our stock whether you are buying or not.
49 Commercial Strekt.       SLOAN 8c SCOTT. Nanaimo, B. C.
  UNION   BRICK   YARD   B.  C.	
W. WALTER & SON.
Manufacturers of Handmade  Sand   Stock  Bricks.
Special   Patterns Now On  Hand  For Chimney  Heads, Cornices Ktc
GUARANTEED  TO   BK  FROST   PROOF
Cumberland
FRUIT    MARKET
NEXT   UNION'   11AKERV
FISH, FRUIT, and GAME,
FRESH EGGS
HOTTER, VEGETABLES,
AND POULTRY, ETC.
R. CREECH, Prep.
HOTIOB  OI* ASSIGHMEOT
Pursuant to ckkditors trust deeds
act |800 and amendments.
NOTICE is hereby given that Robert
Graham carrying on business in the District of Coniox, British Columbia as an
Hotel Keeper has by Deed dated th"
nth day of September, 1805 assigned
all his real and personal estate whatsoever, to 'ohn llruce of the town of Cumberland in the said Province for the pur
pose of satisfying rateably and porpotion-
ately and without prelerence or priority
his the said Robert Grahams' creditors.
The said Deed was executed by thc
laid Robert Graham and the said John
Bruce on the 12th day nl September
1895, and the said Assignee has undertaken and accepted the trusts created by
Ihe said Deed.
All persons having claims against the
said Debtor, Robert Graham, must forward and deliver full particulars of the
lame fully verified tn said John Bruce, at
Courtenay, B. C. on cr before the 26th
day of October, 1895.
CBEDITORS MEETINO
NOTICE is hereby given that a meeting nf the Creditors nf the said Robert
Graham will be held at the Hotel premier, of the said Robert Graham in the
told District ofComox on Thursday the
jrd day of October 1895, at 2 o'clock in
MX afternoon.
Yarwood & Young,
Solicitors' for the Assignee.
Dated at  District of Comox this  16th
day of September 1895.
WHAKF   NOTES
Sept. ,J 24th��� The Thistle from Queen
Charlotte's fishing banks cal ed in lor
coal. She had jo tons of h.illibut on
board.
Sept. 25.���Tug Tepic arrived with 120,
000 shingles for the U. C. Co.
Sept. 26.���Thc San Mateo sailed in
charge of Pilot Butler. White men had
the contract to dn the trimming.
Sept. 27.���The Canadian government
steamer Quadra, on tt tour uf inspection,
touched here to day.
Sept. 28 ���Contractor McLaughlan has
all the piles driven for the ncw wharf and
is now putting ull the caps.
Sept. 3o.-*-Contr,ictor Martin has finished chopping nut tlie timber between
the wharf and 1 rent Kiver.
Judge Abrams paid us a flying visit on
Wednesday and the bad man all broke
fur the woods.
Superintendent Shuminn has a gang of
men moving a steam cyleuder ami other
machinery from the wharf to the washer.
Some more machinery, the boiler andiron roofing was evpecied Sunday.
The Comax Mineral Spring has an enviable local reputation. Sunday being
an oft'day, maimed, halt, and blind, and
those who imagine they may become that
way, make the pilgrimage to the waters
with demijohns, lunch tins, bottles, buckets, and tea kettles for a supply. White
men, Indians, Chinamen, greasers, and
black men wend their way thither, nnd
maids of the forest too, go to pay homage to the shade rf Umadilla. I hope
they dont bathe in the spring. I was
a very sick man for two davs alter my
visit to it. A local rancher has a record
of seven bears killed at the spring sn that
even the beasts of the forest seem lo
know a gooa thing when they find it.
FAREWELL SERMON
Rev. D. Mclntyre preached Ins fare
well sermon Sunday morning to the
people of Denman Island and in the eve
nii.g preached ins last senium here be-
fore a crowded house. He was unusually earnest, and effective and his commendation of his Dock to the Great Shepherd appropriate and touching. He is ex
Keeled ;o leave on Friday's steamer for
is trip to Edingburg, where he will
spend a year in study. He will bear
with him the respect of this community
in which he has labored with zeal aad a
large measure oi success.
AiSIONEE'3  NOTICE
Notice is hereby given that there will
be a meeting of the creditors of the assigned estate of F. A. Anley of Union B
C. at the Riverside Hntel, Courtenay, on
th��s,55th day of Octotober, 189;. at which
meeting I will submit a statement of the
condition of said estate and ask to be
rfiscbuiged as assignee.
Sep!., 24. 1895.
W. A. Mathewson, assignee
New novels, plain and fancy stationery at Plmbury's.
W C T U NOTES
There was a good attendance at the
monthly meeting last Thursday. As it
was the lirst meeting of the year the following ladies were elected to oflice:
Mrs. E. Duncan, President; Miss
Barnes, Vice President; Mrs. Robb,
Treasurer; Mrs. W. Duncan,   Secretary.
Mrs. Carwithen joined our Union. The
work done during thc past month was
500 piges of literature distributed, 2 personal conversations, 1 temperance lecture, $10 sent to thc Refuge Home in
Victoria.
M. Duncan.
RI-P-A-N-S
li
���
Ul
M
J
0)
a
m
Thc modern stand
ard Family Medicine :   Cures   the
>
0
common every-day
ills of humanity.
a
z
0
M
UNION Bakery
UNION, B. C.
Best of Bread, Cakes  and
Pies always on hand.
The Bread Cart will   be a
Courtenay ancl Comox  Tuesdays ancl Fridays.
Adderton & Rowbotham, Prop
NELSONHOUSE
UNION BAY, B. 0.
Having taken this house, eicept tbe
bar, I shall be pleased to receive the
patronage of the public.
Bourd per week, ��� $5.
Single meals ��� 25 cents.
T.J. Piercy.
Nanaimo Saw 111.
-AND-
8a&b and Door
FACTO  R Y
���o--;o :*>��� o���
A. HASLAM, Prop
(OFFICE-MILL  STREET.)
(P. 0. Drawer 3d. tolejihoue Call, 1-9)
NANAIMO, 11. C.
"J3*"" A complete stock of Rough and
Dressed Lumber always on  hand.   AUo
Shingles, laths, Pickets, Doors, Windows and Blinds.   Mouldinp, Scroll
Sawing, Turning, and all kinds
of wood finishing furnished.
Cedar. White Pine.   Redwood.
Society    Cards
1.0. 0. F., No .11
' Union Lodge, I. 0. 0. F., meets every
Friday night at 8 o'clock. Visiting brethren cordially invited to attend.
Win. Anthony, R. S.
Hiram Loogc No 14 A.F .4 A.M..B.C.R
Courtenay B. C.
Lodge meets on every Saturday on or
before the full ofthe moon
Visiting Brothers   cordially requested
to attend.
R. S. McConnell,
Secretary.
Loval Sunbeam Lodge No. too, C. O.
O. F.. meet in theit lodge room over
McPhee's store, Courtenay, every second
Saturday at 8 p. m. Visiting brethren
cordially invited to attend.
J. M. Fulton, Sec.
TIjST sjehioif.
I  HAVK OPENl-.D A SHOP
On Dunsmuir Ave,, Union
Cor. 2nd and Dunsmuir Ave.
Where 1 am prepared to do all kinds
���or���
Tin work
Sheet-iron work
Roofing
Job work
AND    Repairing
And will endeavor to give satisfaction ���'ind
hope 10 receive
a fair shire of f  U  TarK^ll
public pationage. *��� ��� l l ��� l ��*' UCll
Riverside Hotels
Courtenay, B. 0.
Geo. Dunbar, Prop.
Best of Liquors
Finest of Cigars
Good Table
and
Courteous Attention
The Famous
DOMINION  PANTS CO.
Cumberland Encampment.
No. S, I. 0. 0. F.,  Union.
Meets first and third Wcdneseays of
each month at 8 o'clock p. m. Visiting
Brethren cordiallv invited to attend.
Wm. Anthony, Scribe.
Nelson Camp No, 44 of the Canadian
Order of the Woodmen of the World
meets every other Monday even
ing at 8 p.m. Vi-.iti.if* neighbours cordially invited to attend.
Ceo. Hull, Secretary.
CUMBERLAND
MEAT MARKET
OHOICTHJQT
FBESH
MEAT3
&
~~i,-~~~f
j-Ja.--.-m:
prodtjcb
Lowest CASH Price
A. G. FULTON.
SUITS
To order
PANTS
���SVSi-Md for Hnmi'lu*-,  Prompt liellrei-J*.  Vet
wet tit uutti-Hinctd.
Union Sow Mill.
LUMBER
All Kinds of Rough and
Dressed lumber always on
hand and delivered at short no
tice.
Esquimalt and Nanaimo Ry.
Steamer Joan
L. P. LOCKE, MASTER,
On and after Mar. 22nd, 1893
The Steamer JOAN will sail as follows
CALLING AT WAY PORTS ns patwngere
and 'reijrht may offer
Lea.e Victoria, Tllosdfiy, 7 a, ro,
" Nanatmo for Comox, WedDOsday, 7 a. ni
Loavo Comox for Nanaimo,      Fridays, 7a.m.
"     Naonimo for Viotoria   Saturday, 7 a.m
For freight or state rooms apply on
board, or at the Company's ticket office,
Victoria Station, Store street.
Miss B.B. Williarns,
Teacher of Music,  Shorthand
and Typewriting
Pupils can bave free u��e of Typewriter
aud Piano fur practice*
MOULDINGS.
Also all kinds of sawn and
split shingles and dressed pine
and cedar.
STUMPING.
t umping done at reasonable
rates by our Giant Stumper.
WOOD.
Coal, brick and lime on
hand and delivered at short
notice.
R.Grant & L. Mounce, Proprs.
I VERY-
I en* prepared to
furnish stylish Rigs
and do Teaming
At reasonable rates.
D. Kilpatrick,
Union, B. c.
|f EAMING~==^ ���   THE WEEKLY NEWS, OCT. i,  1895.
LOCALS.
Mr. Archie Dick, Mine Inspector, was
up 10 attend the Rowe inquest.
Among other exhibits at the Victoria
Fair were some huge blocks of coal from
the mines here.
Mr. Duncan Ross, formerly teacher
here, is in town. He is now connected
wilh thc Victoria Times.
W. Cheney as agent for Williams &
Hunter sold to Nelson Parks a neat cottage on East Fenriih ave.
Ladies, when ynu want a dress made
cheap and pietty, call on Miss A. Kcigu-
son, at the Waverly Hotel.
Mr. Geo. Heatherbell recently sold an
excellent ram, Fox 165 from the noted
Blueblond slock, to the Flockmastcrs'
Association of Vancouver Island.
The next regular monthl. meeting efthe
Directors ofthe Hospital will take place
on the evening of Ou. 7th at the office of
j. Abrams, Hres. at 7.30
Miss Nash, thc milliner, snys the Col-
onlst, exhibited very line specimens of
fancy work at the Fair, for which a diploma was awarded her.
Mrs. McMillan nf Denman Is'and was
a guest of Mrs. T. IJ. McLean for a
couple of days last ueek.
It is said the little fortune teller, who
created snch a furore among a number
of young men in town, is now an inmate
of the Victoria Home for Fallen Women
Mrs. E. F. Clay, who will be remembered in connection with the first bakery
of Courtenay and Union,has succeeded J
C. Douglas at Englewooo* hotel, Vancou
ver.
Our readers will notice Sloan St Scott's
new ad They are the hvest dry goods
merchant*, on Vanuouver Is'ancl, know
ih<: value of adverttsing,sell lots of goods,
and henee can sell Ihem cheap.
Thos. ('aims of Comox and Oen. Heth
erhcll of Hornby Island were at the annual meeting ofthe British Columbia
Agricultural and Industrial Association
at "'ictoriii, last week elected on the
board of directors for the ensuing year.
We clip tlie following from the Free
Pre^s : " Now comes the report that Co
mux will be made a sudsidi iry nav il rendezvous of E-quimalt, and that a por-
tion nf lhe fleet will be kept in Ihe Com
ox roadstead. " Doubtless the fleet will
do target practice in our outer port.
It seem that the butter experts have
been showing some cream separator to
the wondering agriculturists of Victoria,
New Westminster, and other places.
The opration of these machines are re-
garded as great curiosities. In Comnx
vallev seven of tliese wonders arrived during onc dav two years ago and arc run
ill ��ome cases by steam power.
HARNESS SHOP
I have opened a Harness
Shop in building corner 3rd st
and Dunsmuir Ave, Union,
opposite to the The Nkws,
where I will keep in stock ancl
make to order all kinds of harnesses and everything in my
line at reasonable prices. Also will neatly and promptly do
repairing, and carriage trimming.
The patronage of the public
is respectfully solicited.
Wesley Willard
Esquimalt & Nanaimo R'y
Time  Table  No.  24,
To take effect at 8.00 a. m. on Fri-
day,  April   8th    18S6.   Trains
run on Facl&c  Standard
Time.
POLICE    COUUT
Thursday was a field day before Mag-
istiat Abrams. The first case was the
charge against Magow, a Chinaman, arrested at Union wharf lor having unlawfully in his possession five grouse. He
was lined $25 and costs, and the grouse
confisc ited and turned over to the hospital
Tlie next case heard was against A. I.
Lepla and F. H. Jail, for using abusive
and threatening language to Mrs. Agnes
Mathewson, Case adjourned until next
Thursday.
T.vo Indians were let off on furnishing
security for lormer fines.
SPECIAL PHIZES
Joseph Hunter, M. P. offers the follow-
ing Special Prizes at the Exhibition ol
the Agricultural Association at Courtenay, Oct. 3d:
I.- -A gold medal for the best milk cow
exhibited, of any *je tit breed���must
have been bred and raised in the district.
2.���A silver medal for the best bushel
of potatoes of any variety.
ANOTHER  PRIZE
A special prize is effered by Steveson
& Co's Dry Goods Store of Union of
dress goods to the value ol three dollars
for the best plate print butter not less
than *lbs exhibited at the Agricultural
Exhibition at Courtenay Oct. 3.
SPECIAL PBIZE OF $10
is offered hy Geo Heatherbell of Horn
by Island for the Best Lamb Ram sired
by a ram of his own raising, which shall
be exhibited at the Agricultural Show at
Courtenay, Oct. 3
NOTICE.
My ranch of 160 acres, onc mile from
Comox Bay. It has a good house, barn,
chicken house, and 20 acres of cultivated
and, all in good condition.
J. W. McKenzie, Courtenay
NOTICE.
Courtenay, May 13th, 1895.���To all in
terested: I have this day appointed Mr
Tom Beckensell to collect all outstanding accounts due to the Anlev estate dur-
ing my tempory absence from the district
W.A. Mathewson, Assignee.
CUMBERLAND   SHOE   SHOP.
I have moved into my new shop on
First St. next to the Customs off.ee, where
I am prepared to manufacture and repair
all kinds of men's, women's, and children's
shoes.   Give me a call.
Nelson Parks,
JAMfS   ABRAMS
Notfipy Publio.
Agent, ror: he Alliance Fire
Inaurance company ot Lon
don and the Phoenix ol
Hartford.	
Agent for the Provincial
Building and Loan Association of Toronto ������������
Union, B C.
W.  CHENEY  & CO.
AUCTIONEER AM)
COMMISSION     MERCHANT
UNION,   B.   C.
Will handle all kinds of goods,
inr uding
Farmers Produce
Give us a call
BHRKER I POTTS,
BARRISTERS,
SOLICITORS. NOTARIES. &e.
Olllco Uuoin ���'. Mc-I'heu & Moure li'ld'g uud ut
NANAIMO. U. C.
p. o. niuwuit 18.
rrieZ.Sryirt&yysiriyi 'f-jSeyjcyyXA
c   r\  Si
F. Curran
SCAVENGER
UNION, B C.
?*^P&SK^!??2S*i^^^?iS!22SS^^
WfflLY
UNION,
B.C
W.H.Davidson,
Lessee.
9USE.
NOW RKADY FOR THE RECEPTION OF
GUESTS. FlRSTCUSS ACCOMMODATION
FOR THF. TRAVELLING PUBLIC. RATES
REDUCED  TO   REGULAR   BOARDERS
By the month, 925;
By the  week.   $6.
Single meals, 50 cts.
Tickets for   21    mea s, Sf.OO
EVERY CONVENIENCE
FOR MINERS
Dumberland Hotel.
Union, B. C.
The finest hotel building
Fixtures and Bar
North of Victoria,
And the best kept house.
Spacious Billiard Room
and new
Billiard and Pool Tables
Best of Wines and Liquors.
J. l'iket, Prop.
Robert J. Wenborn.
Machine Works, Nanaimo
Dealer in the following Bicycles'
H. P. Davis of Toronto
English Wheels, Beaston, Htimber,
Rudge, New Howe and Whitworth. Will
sell on installment plan or big discount
for cash. Parts supplied ��� Repairing a
Specialty.   Great Reduction il, Prices.
-,5 3S*S:''i2';*;a2"3d*jifi'<:2S?iS
nJe_ aoMtcooueooB��t->t��ii~tte,-*sotD''>��c��n,A
.~\'- ................ .5:
i.i'!s'ss����i;:5:isi?i,'iisir;s5-s'
l^
1
tf>
���  -   .    *
ii!40|���|A
"l.l'.I.M
'.'1** =.s ?'i~ s s f a ss ss t* 5
;    : : :t*: : .
Union Mines
Furniture    Store
A   Full Line cl   I \
Including Curtains, ( ;-.-.
and   Rugs,  and   cur
Celebrated
woven wire
t fin if*.-; I*- ifj >c ts ea to *e ��ts <j ���- ���-��� ���* a k,
S3SS9fi^S8S!SS2aiiaS8*58
x*Ktcx**i*-:-*iO'.c"ir.o-:-:co-��~M
On Fridays, Saturdays and Sundays
Iteturn Tickets will be Issued liotwsra all
points for a fare snd a quarter, wood for return not Inter than Sunday.
Iteturn Tickets Tor one and n hnlf ordinary
fare may bo purchased* daily to all point*,
Ko.id for seven days, including dny of tssui*.
N'o Return Tickets issued for a fare ard
quarter whew the singl-* faro id twimty-flv
cent 9.
Through rales between Victoria nnd Conimc
Mileagti and Conmm.-itiof. Ticket, can heol-
taine-d ou application to Ticket Agent, Victoria
Duncan's and Kai-ninin Station*-;.
A. DUNSMUIR, JOSEPH HUNTER.
President. Gen'l Sunt
hUC. PRIOR,
flcn. Froiifht and Pnssenecr Asrt.
In Separate
Apartment
'��� e keep
'*oflni Hand
Furniture
UNDERTAKING
DEPARTMENT.
Weconduct every branch of the
Undertaking   Business   including
Embalming, and keep all necessa
ry supplies
CONTRACTORS ��JHT~ *B*aTrj*D*B*RS
Grant & McGreyor
u.
Hop ui Sip Painter,
Paper-Hanging, Kalsomining
and Decorating.
GRAINING A SPECIALTY.
All orders Promptly Attended to
Union, B. C.
Puntiedge Bottling Works.
DAVID JONES, Proprietor,
  MANUFACTURER OF        -���
SDOA WATER,  LEMONADE, GINGER ALE,
Seroaparalla, Champagne Cider, Iron Phosphates and Syrups.
Bottler of Different Brands of   Lager Beer,  Steam Beer and Porier
Agent for the Union Brewery Company.
KBCr BEBE SOLD FCH     ASH C***TL**2*
COURTENAY, B. C.
Stage and Livery
cojj���^i:���\7<rjA.~-, B. o.
Fine Rigs at Reasonable Rates Always on Hand,
,',   Teaming Promptly Bone,  ,\
MCQUILLA1T 6c GKCLMOI&IE]
A FINE STOCK
of Clocks, Watches, Books
and Stationery.
T. D. McLean
���UEWELEB:���
������JNIONVB. C.
����X?T��J"?"T'oTo"| o 1
PUMPS
Manufactured
~{and}���
Wood
Turning
by Bennett Sf Grant
Union, B.O.
5 o ! o I o I o I o I o I o I
R. B. ANDERSON.
Watchmaker and Jeweler
General worker in Metals
Jobbing ot all kinds
Office and Works   J^'-'SJJJ*UWT
���m-rxoN b. c.
I presume we have used over
one hundred bottles of Piso's
__ Cure for Consumption iu my
family, and I am continually advising others
to get it.   Undoubtedly it is the
I ever used.���W. C. Miltbnbergee, Clarion, Pa.,
Dec. 29,1894. 1 sell Piso's Cure for Consump-
tion, and never have any com- "~
Slaints.���E. Shomsv, Postmaster,
horey, Kansas, Dec. 21st, 1894.
C3rJJl<TSf        t~JJJ<TS\
G-JJ N S!
My Stock for 1895 is now arriving and  when complete   wil
be the largest in the Province.
Winchester and Marlin Rifles
in every calibre made.
Greener, Tisclall, W. Richards
and  Clabrougli  Shot   Guns.
Rcload-ng loots, Game hags,
Cartridges, l'owder and .Shot
CHAS.   E.
Full Catalogue  now out.
TISDALL,  Vancouver.
WASHING.
All persons driving over the wharf or
Dridges in Comox district (aster than a
walk, will be prosecuted according to
law.
S. Creech,
Gov. Agent.
NOTICE.
Persons using the mules and horses of
the Union Colliery   Co. uithout permission will be prosecuted according to law.
F.O. Little, Sunt.
Nanaimo Cigar Factory
Phillip Gable and Co., Prop's
Baston Street      ���    Nanaimo B. 0.
Manufactures   the finest cigars   te
employes none but white labor.
Why purchase inferior foreign cigars
when you can obtain a SUPERIOR ARTICLE for the same money IL
AGRICULTURE.
Rotation enables ua to use tho element (stored In the koII to better advantage, but adds nothing to fertility;
tiivl, although It Is eald that cultivation is manure, it adds nothing to
the soil, merely making the plant
food moro available. Crops remove
fertility, and tvo must supply it. Kven
clover is not a cure-all, with all its
virtues.
Tiio day will como wnen tho farmer,
at tho clone oi the year, may take account of his soli, and tho truo value
of tlio farm will Ikj found by adding
tho value of tlie plant food furnished
ami deducting that carried off. Ue
will look upon his farm as a factory
whero waste material, chemicals and
other fertilizers are made into finished product** Lu tho hhape of grain
and vegetables.
li tlio aim is to iucrca.se tlie stock
of humus iu tho soil, tho quick and
sure way is to grow crops for that
purpose and return therm uirect to the
ground. Tlio distribution will bo far
more perfect than- when tho crop is
iluirvestod and led and the manure returned. One adds nothing tu nuiaiur-
ial value ol n plant by leeding it to
���stuck, hut much is lost.
Ryo will grow in "thin" land; that
is, land devoid of vegetable matter.
Turn this under ami sow a leguniiuou.s
crop, the tops ol Which will make another large addition of vegetable matter to the field. Iiy tho disintegrating
effect of tho roots the uir can enter
the soil iroely, aud its capacity lor
holding water is largely increased.
ln some soiU, nowevcr caretu 11 y tiles
are lahl, tiiey become uneven. There
can be no harm done in laying all
tiles upon boards, lor thus hud they
will remain ia perieet condition. A
lour inch round ur horso shoo tiio laid
on a hoard will carry as much as a
six incli tiio laid om a friable bottom,
it is ei-jtimaiud that an aero of
good virgin soil, a toot in depth,
should contain 20,000 pounds of nitrogen, 12,000 of potash, and half as
much oi the phosphoric acid. To buy
ttti.s 'in the form oi commercial i'ertll
izers would coat $2,000. ily wi-<
cropping aad handling, so as to con*
serve iis fertility, this can lie kept
up to its degree of productiveness at
"���aighL expense.
The agitators of tlie good roads
question seem to be asleep. There is
no oae tiling which would afiord our
farmera more relief, Improve land values and give agriculture a supremacy
than would good and permanent
roads ; and iu tliis we are a long way
behind many European countries. Tlie
States wlucli move first iu this matter will mako a long stride ahead.
Mulching and surface cultivation
are based upou the same principle.
Fining the top layer of the t-oil is
almost or quit*! as effectual in retarding evaporation from the lower
parts as is a coating of straw or
manure. Tho farmer or gardener
who takes no note of this fact stands
squarely iu hts own light.
DA illY.
Some still cling to tho idea that
swill must sour and decay before led
tu the hogs, imagining that the pigs
relish it hotter tans, it sueh a barrel is kept ut ull, it must be kept
clean auu sweet; emptied and rinsed
every day. Uood, healthy pork cannot he grown upon the acid poihous
of au oid swill barrel.
It is a grea*. mistake to think that
swine prefer to* revel in dirt and
filth; on tho other hand, they probably appreciate cleanliness as muohas
any other animal, aud It is certainly
conducive to their health and thrift,
in auy event, uo not force them to
untidy housekeeping.
To gain the greatest profit from
swine, the proper feeding ol a wholesome and well-balanced ration Is as
important as with any other stock.
Because they will eat almost anything given them is not a good reason ior only giving them almost anything.
in salting baton use oue bushel of
fine salt, two pounds of brown sugar
and one ol saltpeter for each bUO
pounds of pork ; this fur tlie medium
sized hogs. If the meat is large and
thick, add a Ilttlo stronger ratio of
the preserving ingredients.
Breeding animals must uot be fed
so liberally that they become too iat,
as by that their fertility is apt to
become impaired; while on the other
hand too low a diet or too spare a
feeding has the effect of lcssenluL" vitality and thereby impairing the constitution of the offspring.
From cholera there is no safeguard
but quarantine. Let no one enter your
fields or pens who have boen upon
an infected farm; remember that the
least particle of manure may start an
outbreak ina herd of swine if brought
to their quarters upon the Bhoes of a
visitor, upon the foot of n dog or upon a wagon wheel.
Iln-.***** are less liable to cholera when
Bhut up in a small enclosure when
cholera Is la the neighborhood, This
enclosure should be as dry as possible, and disinfected weekly with air
slaked lime or a five per c-nt. solution of carbolic acid. A little of this
acid in thc drinking water seems, to
have a.  beneficial   influence.
If pig* can constantly have fresh
water before them they will drink often and but littio. Take the country
over, more plgw die of cholera ln winter than in summer. It Is not uncommon for a farmer to hue* a largo fat
hog from becoming tot) hot hi the
pen ami then drinking too much
water.
The ultimatum of all hogs being +he
pork barrel, their ready assimilation
uf food and aptness to tako on flesh
is the valuable cnn��ideratlnn in any
breed oF swine. Ar In the flteer, tho
valuable, high priced meat of the
hog lies hiffh up in tlm earcasp. Tn
these qualities the Poland China
seems to lead.
HOUSES.
Breeders have fully demonstrated by t
experience that draft horses must be i
raised oa tlie farm where the mares i
are worked, and tho young horsi-s |
worked as thoy mature to pay for j
their feed. The ranches cannot pro-���
duce good draft horses, as lias been j
proved In Texas and Colorado. The,
experimental western farms of mil-
ILonnirea have also been failures.
The cities mast have the good draft
horse- aad there is no product or crop
of the farm which pays so well at all
fc.mes as good, heavy animals of this
kind. Ue is staple in this country and
In Kurope, Tho mares make goud farm
teams, and the geldings from these
by pure bred sires are as standard as
gold.
The uso of tho tight check rein is
a species of cruelty to horses that
tlie present civilization sliould not
tolerate. Let lovers of good horses
protest against it, and let managers
of our fairs uso their power to put
a stop to this cruel practice. Veterinary surgeons in Fouie of our States
are taking a pusltive stand in regard
to tho custom.
When farmers are really in earnest
about rai.--.lug good horses tliey should
insist upon veterinary examination,
and breed to no stallion without a
certificate. It was but a few years
ago that we began demanding certificates of registry of stallions claiming our patronage( and a certificate as
to boundneias Ifi certainly Just as important.
Colic may come from a'large drink
from a deep well ou a hot day; so
may it como from long fasts, irregular feeding aud Irregular work. A
120-milo journey once a week Is likely
to be productive of more mischief
than would tlie same distance every
day. A horso put to hard work at
intervals cannot keep in  condition.
Much has been said to urge
the best breeding and liberal and wise feeding. Fine
horses cannot lie produced if cither
element be lacking, but let not the
necessity or tho proper training of the
colt be kept In tho background. In
fact, bis usefulness wiil depend very
much indeed upon the training he
receives.
A young horso which has but little
to recommend 1dm may be made a
moro serviceable animal than ono
which Is naturally brighter and more
active, but lias never been properly
handled. Education cannot supply
faculties which nro wanting, but it
ean develop and strengthen that
which is, wonderfully.
The "good point*;" aliout a horso
have much to do with liis value and
sole- but they are nut the only items
to be considered. The chief thing
that the buyer wants to know !.-������
what tho animal can do. A willing
horse may not know how to work ; a
strong horse may not know how to
draw, nnd an untrained colt has formed habits of his own, more is the
pity.
HORTICTTLTUT.E,
Many plants or the English gooseberry seen shov*' the necessity of a
little ehade fur them. When growing in tho full sun tho fruit miidews
on tho sunny sido. Plants In tlie
���shade of buildings or trees mature
their fruit admirably. Moreover, those
who go " blackberrylng" in tiio fields
always find the largest and best under the branches of somo forest tree.
In tho fiowcr garden canuas are
rarely satisfactory us single plants,
but when In groups are most beautiful. There aro now such a large
number of brilliant flowered sorts
from which to select, both oF the
dwarf and taller kinds, that tliere
need be no lack in variety.
Tho fruit of many a healthy troo
may bo greatly improved, as wo
know, by building on it that of adiet-
ter kind. This work must be done
before tho sap ceases to flow, and
August and September are good
months In which to do It. Necessary
skill can bo easily acquired in a few
lessons from an expert.
Carnations, chrysanthemums and
asters, and other plants being grown
for fall and winter blooming, should
have a mulching of fine manure iu the
lato summer, that rains may carry
tho food to the roots, If we would
Rave a good flower display. It Is
now too late to pinch back tlie Chrysanthemums for fall flowering.
Thc bagging of graphs is be-etoniing
more and more popular, nnd In some
regions (s greatly In vogue. This
Should bo done early In tlie season
where rot is apt to attack the fruit,
but where birds and bees nre to
l>e toe-jut nway, a later timo will do
very well.
The insects which infest the common Belgian honeysuckle do not seem
to pester the Chinese, the Japanese
cvenrrcon, *$Jhe variegated Japanese
or tho Holoana. Those are all sweet
nnd good climbers. The latter is
the stronger, and the .Japanese the
most bushy, well adapted to banks
or  walls.
It is nn Interesting experiment to
have two beds of plants, exactly
alike, the one kept stirred and the
other not, and to note the difference
at the end of the season. Beds pulverized once n wed; ia dry seasons show
equally good results as from good
waterings, almost.
Most beautiful ar" the Imported
Rhododendrons, but, if one want** a
good evergreen of that nature* why
not transplant our native laurel to
start with? When in flower It is
lovely, and H can be grown Just as
easily. The tops should be cut closely v hen dug from tlie woods, otherwise they are hard to mak'* live.
It is preferable to cultivate the
smaller fruits in the home garden, for
the reason that they take up less
room and form a. succession ot d-iia-
ties the whole summer through. They
require so little attention, and the
knowledge ot their nature is so easily acquired, that he is culpable who
denies his family the luxury.
TOBACCO-TWISTED NERVES.
Millions of men keep asking for stimulants because the nervous system is
constantly Irritated by nicotine poison. Chewing or smoking destroys
manhood and nerve power. It's not a
habit, but a disease, and you will find
i guaranteed euro in No-To-Bac, sold
by druggists everywhere. Book free.
The Sterling Remedy Co., No. .J71 St.
Paul street, Montreal.
IN DEEP DESPAIR,
. Montrealer Relates His Wonderful
Experience.
He Had Triwci Foreign and Local Physicians and was Operated Upun Without
ttacoess���Dr. Williams' riuk l-uis Cured
When au other Medioine* Failed.
(From the Montreal Herald.)
Instances of marvellous cures by the
uso of Dr. WUlams' Pink I'ills for Palo
People aro numerous, but the one related below Is of special interest, owing to tho peculiarity of tho illness
and also to tho fact that In the present instances the gentleman Is well
known in Montreal. Mr. Chas. Prank.
Inspector of tho mechanical department of the Bell Telephone Co., at No.
371 Aqueduct street, and who resides
at No. 5*1 Argylo avenue, In nu interview with a Herald reporter, related
the following wonderful cure by the
use of Pink rills. Mr. Prank, who Is
2o years of age, Is a Russian by birth,
exceedingly intelligent, speaks several
languages fluently, and is now apparently In good health. " My illness
came about in a peculiar way," said
Mr. Frank. " Up to three years ago
I was In the best of health. About
that time while In Glasgow, Scotland,
where I was employed as a clerk, In
a hotel, and while sculling on the
Clyde a storm came up. and I had a
pretty rough time of it for a while.
I evidently must have Injured myself
Internally, although I felt nothing
wrong at the time. On my way home,
however, I fell helpless on the street,
and had to be conveyed home In a
cab, as my legs were utterly unable
to hold mo up. I was confined to bed
for several days In tho same hopeless
condition, when 1 rallied, but found
thnt my urine was of a strange reddish line.   I called lu a physician, who
Caught iu a Storm ou the Clyde.
prescriU-d, but did me no good. 1
then ouliou un ti.r George McLeod,
M. D��� who also preseribe-i, and ud-
vised me to go tu tho hospital. I was
averse io do.ng this, aud ho advised
mo then to try a change of climate,
telling me that my bladder was affected. 1 acted ou his suggestion as
to cliauge and camo to Montreal. 1
did nut do anything fur about a year,
t& 1 wished to get cured. All this
time my urine was tainted with bluod,
although I wa.s suffering no pain, but
tills abnormal condition was a source
of continual anxiety. 1 finally went
to the General Hospital, where the
physician in charge advised mo to
stay, which I dia. After remaining
there for five weeks with no benefit,
a cousultatiou of physicians waa held,
and an operation suggested, to which
i this tints agreed. Alter thc operation was pei'iuraied L was no better,
my condition remaining absolutely unchanged. From this out 1 was continually trying medicines and physical us, bub deri\ ed no beuefit from
anything or any one. I* was! in despair, as the physicians who had
operated oa me could uot decide as
to my trouble. 1 visited the hospital once more, and they said they
would operate again; but i did not
caro to undergo a second and perhaps equally unsuccessful operation.
���Some physicians thought my trouble was consumption oi tiie bladder,
others that it was Bright's disease,
but none could cure that strange
bloody condition of my urine.
'���Finally I went to work for tlie
Bell Telephone Co.- some two years
ugo, where i worked myself up to my
present position. But 1 was lu a
state of constant anxiety, ns 1 felt
myself getting weaker all the time,
and was listless and sleepy and weak
in tho legs. I was ahio paiu and ill-
looking, no doubt owing to loss of
blood. From a naturally cheerful
man 1 became morose, and gave up
nil hopes oT ultimate recovery. Onc
Saturday- some months ago, while
walking along Bleary street, having seen the advertisement of Dr.
Williams' Fink Pills In tho Montreal Herald, 1 stopped at John T.
Lyons' drug store, and bought a box.
I had tried ko many medicines that
1 snid to myself, 'If they don't cure
ine 1 can't he nny worse off than
belore.' Aftor taking the first
box J felt stronger nnd more cheerful, although there was no change
in tlie bloody condition of m.v urine.
But 1 felt encouraged and got three
more boxes, determined to make a
thorough trial of i'ink Pills. After 1
had finished the second box I found
my urine "was getting clearer, so I
continued the use of the pills, taking
two after each meal. When I had
fin* hed the third box my urine was
quite clear, for the first time in three
years. I wns delighted and continued taking the pills until I had finished six boxes. I am strong now
nnd have had no recurrence of the
trouble anil as you can see, the
flu*-!- or health shows itself in my
face. To think that I was cured by
the use of $3 worth of Pr. Williams'
Pink Pills after trying a number of
physicians and underlining an operation in vain is a puzzld to me, and I
nm sorry that I didn't know about
this grand medicine before. I would
have willingly given $200 or
$300 to have been guaranteed a cure
by anyone."
"I am willing," said Mr. Frank,
In conclusion, " to see auyone who
wishes to \erlfy this Interview, as I
consider it my duty to my fellow-men
and a matter of gratitude to the
marvellous cure their medicine has
effected. I have come to the conclusion that I'ink Pills aro the best
blood builders In existence, and I
think everyone should try them."
RAILWAYS ON FRENCH FARMS.
Light, Mnglo railroads on which
large wheelbarrows run aro beginning to bo used on French farms. Thc
rails uro fastened to sqiall Iron cross-
pieces, tho ends Joined by fish plates,
and can easily bo put ln placo and removed. The trucks can bo drawn
by horses or men, and aro balanced
by a heavy crowbar held by tho man
who pushes thom.
DON'T FORGET
Thnt to remove corns, warts, bunions
hi a few days, nil that is required is
to apply the old aud well-tasted corn
cure���Putnam's Painless Corn Extractor. Sure, safe, painless. Putnam's
Corn Extractor makes no soro spots
hard to heal, acts quickly and painlessly on hard and soft corns.
A QUEENLY HEAD
Can never rest on a body frail from
disease any mure than tho lovely lily
can grow in the sterilo soil. When
consumption fastens its hold upon a
victim, tho wholo physical structure
commences to decay. At such u period, belore tho disease is too far advanced, Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical
Discovery will arrest and cure It. Send
G cents In stamps for a book (160
pages) on consumption and its euro.
Address World's Dispensary Medical
Association. Buffalo, N.  Y.
Once used, Dr. Pierce's Pellets nro
always in favor. Specific for constipation, piles, biliousness aud headache.
CODFISH LOAF.
A pleasant change from the ordinary recipes for cooking codfish Is
found in the following: Prepare thc
fish as for balls; mix with the potatoes or rice, or both may bo used;
add pepper and a dust of powdered
sage or celery salt, mix- with beaten
egg, and if the mas.-* does not seem
rather moist add a Ilttlo sweet milk.
Pour into a pan nr pudding dish and
bake done and brown.
ISSUE NO. 37   1895.
" I  HAVE HAD
Rheumatism tor yenrs, iuul Nervilino
I* tlio only remedy Hint hns done me
nny good." Su writes Tltomas Me-
Qlaslian, North Pelham, and lib testimony is supported !>y tlwtisanda o!
others wlio hnve experienced the wonderfully ponetratlng nmi paln-subdulng
power ol' Nerviline���the i-rrent nerve
pain cure. ���*"
THE UNUSUAL.
Kilith-My dressmaker - Madame
Mnntnline���must he losing all her
trade.
Helen-Why?
Edith��� She sent my new dress home
the dny It wns promised.
The secret pleasure of n. generous
act is the great mind's hrlhc.���Dryden.
"ALMA   LADTES'   COLLEJGE"
���"**"******8T1 THOMASr'bNTARIO.-^���"     "'
Iln* live dopartmonte:���LtTKRATunrc, Musia
Fink Art, Elocution, and Commercial
Science, 'I'he "aoulty munhora sixteen
thoroughly qualified toaohers. Hates run from
Kill to ?lti lioi- term for bonril, furnished room.
light,   iaundry  mill   tuition    in    nil    litiT.iry
snh.u'cts Including lhe Glassies nnd tho
Modern Lauguagos,
Tho Hoboolof Kloc-uiion is rapidly growing
lu numbers nnd public fnvor. 0(1 pp. Calendar.
Adiliv-s I'uiNcii'Ai, Austin, a. M.r . \ .
X\T A *VT*17*r"i HELP.-Bellable met,
���� ii.i*l LrjlJ, in every locality (local
or travelling lo Introduce a new discovery and
keep our show cards tacked up ou treus. fences
and bridges throughout town and country.
Steady employment. Commission or salary,
Sua per month and cxpouses. and money do-
posited in any bank when started, Kor par-
lioulars, wrile 'I'he World Mod, Kieclric. Co.,
1', O, Box 221, Loudon, Oul..' C ma.! i.
NOTE
In .replying to any of those idrortl r
mentis, pleaso mention this paper,
from taking medicine. They
don't like its taste. But they are
eager to take what they like-
Scott's Emulsion, for instance.
Children almost always like
Scott's Emulsion.
And it docs them good.
Scott's Emulsion is the easiest,
most palatable form of Cod-liver
Oil, with thc Hypophosphites of
Lime and Soda added to nourish
the bones and tone up thc nervous system. The way children gain flesh and strength on
Scott's Emulsion is surprising
even to physicians.
All delicate children need it.
Don't bo persvatltel to acceiit. it substitute!
Scott 4 Bowno, Belleville,     50c. and 311.
Revolution In diewlng Tobacco
TUCKETT'S
T. & B.
MAHOGANY
Is the Latest and Best.
ASK     YOUR     DEALER    FOR    IT.
MANUFACTURED BY THE
I LI!
,n. ;.. [uunm aooN UU. (Lid.)
HAMILTON.
CTTRES SALT *RHETJM, Old SORES.
SORE EYES. PILES. BOILS, SORE
NIPPLES, BURNS, SCALDS, etc.
10,000  ACRES
Of the best lands in Michigan, ut, from ?2 to ��5
peracre. Situated in four counties, on mid near
tho Michigan Central, Detroit, Alpena A: Loon
Luke Railways*
EASY-TERMH AM) BEST TITLES,
Now l-i tho time to buy.
Address R. M. Pierce, West Hay City.. Mich
or      J. W. Cnrtia, Whlttcmoro Mich.
$150 For an Old Canadian Stamp.
Tfverv Canadian Stamp used between 1?5*
und 1805 is valuable and worth from LOO. IoSIS"
each. I buy any quantity, on the original rovers
preferred; ftUo all othur kinds of stamps,
partinnlarljr those oollooftl 26" rears ago, Send
for price list to 0. A. NEEDHAM, 05*1 Alain
tftreeL East, Hamilton, Ont.
FOR TWENTY Fi7E YEABKi
(Mc 00 PER WEEJK ANI> STEADY KM
iPUi ploy ii i cut. Y"ou work in Hu; locality
Whoro you live. Send in yonr address and wo
will explain the business.   Write to-day.
The Queeil Klln-rwar** Un., BfontreMi
OLD CANADIAN POSTAGE STAMPS,
PARTIES HAVIMJ OLD LETTERS in
oriftlnal i-nvelopus ol the date- 1851 lo 1>*70 wl'.h
postage stamps thereon will get pond prices for
iiu* -Limp-i uy applying to Box 105, Hamilton,
Ontario.
IWDER
THE'COOK'S BEST FRIEND
URcrs* s*u* im Canada
npHE PROVINCIAL HL'ILDIN'G a* LOAN
X As-odntion, theotlly company witli a definite plan fur both Investor and borrower, have
a few vncanles for general and special agents j
Al men can get Al contracts; "eomnil.-rilon
only "learned IB per cent, last year. Write to
US, ('. DAVls, inspector of agencies, Turonto.
\ms. -winslow's 5c^F?
-     FOR CHILORCN  TECTHINC      ���
MONTREAL EXPOSITION  COMPANY.
The
12th
tfost Attractive Exhibition Ever Held in Montreal,
1 d'THE^Ist   SEPTEME3ERr"l895:
Grand show of Liveistod-, (Jorgeous Horticultural Disp'iiys, Bench Show of Doss. Agricultural, Meohanical and Industrial Exhibition. Special Competition of Dairy Syndicates-
Grand l-1-i.i form Performances. Wild Kast show���Genuine Troop of Arabs. Wild Wuhi show���
J *fe oa the Prairies. Dalluon Ascensions���Acrobat?, Trape-dst,*. Parachute L<-aps���Jiifr*,'leiv,
Aerial Artist.-*. Marvellous and Wonderful Feats���Atlas, the Champion Strong Man. Brilliant
illuminations. Mrs. Carlisle, the Famous Equestrienne. !M*eius in Fairy Land.
Reduced Rntos on all Railways.   Rapid Elcctrie Car "Service.
PREMIUMS $20,000-
��� PREMIUMS
S. C. STEVENSON, Manager and Secretary, 76 St. Gabriel street, Montreal. A CONVERT,
"No/' snid I, witli puissant posltlve-
nesB to my friend Bascom. " NO- sir,
I shall not accompany you into the
haunts ot  the unmarried woman."
"But- mj dear ilarston," argued
Bascom, " yon oug-ht to go. OI course,
you are a bachelor of 50 '���
"Touch lightly on that point,
please,'  said I.
'   "As tlie years have," he continued
"with  a    complimentary  genuflexion.
" But as 1 was going   to   say,,    the
fact that you aro T��U is In your favor,
for you aro now to all intents   ami
purposes,    seasoned timber,  und aro
that mueh more valuable."
"To whom, pray V"
"To  the world;  to society."
"But J. tell you I hate society.'1
" Why, my dear boy V
"Because society  is  merely a corporation    ol    associated    individuals
in  which  women   hold thu majority
of the stock, aud I have no uso   (or
women/ . ���
"That is ungallant In tlie extreme.
"And  equally   honest.,"
" On,"    no  laughed,   " one    doesu t
have tr> >"j  honest    as all that    in
sueh matters."
"Thntb why I am unfitted for the
plaee.   1 m   too   boniest.'
"Society might make a fad of you
as a novelty."
"And again,'��� my dear Bascom, it
mightn't.
""However, whether it does or not,
I want yon to get out of the    rut
ot bachelortlom and go with me."
"Yes, you are very kind."
"For ii verity, old man.    Wiil you
go V
"As 1 said In the beginning, I now
repeat:   'No, sir.'"
" You don't even know where I want
you to go.'
"No, and I don't want to learn.
It's somewhere where there are women, and 1 tell you I want none of
thorn. i Uav'A been a bachelor for
50 years and Im getting used to it.-'
"it's like any other bad habit one
acquires; he isn't sensible of his-mls-
ery.
Bascom had been married for sea-
oral years, and I had bis frequent assurance that his entire married life
was nothing more nor Less than a path
of stiver sunshine through a gulden
garden or roses. It waa a charming
metaphor, but it fell upon unappre-
ctative cars, for I knew that Bascom
had written poetry iu his youth, and,
in addition to that, he was married,
and I knew what all married men had
to say to bachelors of matrimony as
they had found it. It was simply
sugar spread upon an uncertain condition in order to catch such unwary
flics as might be attracted thereby.
" Where Ignorance la bliss, my boy,"
I smiled, serenely, " it's folly to acquire an education.
"l'shaw," he replied, In a dissenting
voice, " that sentiment Is a relic ol the
early ages."
" Wo N marriage," I ventured. "Adam
and Eve began It, aud you can't go
mueh further baCH in the record than
that, I fancy."
I was getting the better of hini In
the argument, just as I had always
done when I argued this subejet with
a married man, and hu began to show
signs of retreating.
'"' Well, well," he said, " have It your
own way. I am sure I can stand it if
you cuu, but, say, you will join me
over Sunday at my own home? I've
told my wile about you, and sho is so
anxious to seo you that she commissioned me to invite you out for
Sunday."
Bachelor or no bachelor, I could not
afford to be a boor, and to slight sueh
uu invitation as tliis was inexcusable.
&o, I began to hedge a bit.
���'My dear Bascom," 1 said, apologetically, " why didu't you tell me
you wanted me to go to your own
house ?"
" Well, It hadn't just occurred to me,
I guess," and he laughed.
'��� Of course," 1 went on, " It is quite
a different thing to go there thau to
go "
"Then you'll go," he Interrupted,
with such au interest that 1 became
���suspicious.
" Are there nay of the gay and giddy
throng about?" I asked.
"Summer girls   and  such?" he replied.
" Mostly."
"Then I'll be frank with you   and
say there is not oue on the place."
" Under thu circumstances then- I'll
go-"
" Good for you, old man, he exclaimed, clapping me on the back.
"I'll go and telegraph iny wife that
you will eome up with me Saturday
evening."
"Does that mean you will also drop
a hint to have a few girls on baud?
Because, if it docs, I shall buck out
at once. It is to bu a family affair
entirely."
"That's all right. I give you my
assurance that only the members of
our family will bu tliere."
The-ii he weat out oi ray office to
send liis despatch.
Bascom was a business friend of
mine of aliout 80, with a strong- commercial instinct, and as i waa an old
hand I felt an interest ln him. when
lie first appeared in the street, and
ia various ways helped hini. to better
Ids condition, and 1 have uever given
\]J,\i a tip that ho had not got out of
it all tliero was in sight, and in some
instances lio got more than eveu my
experienced eyes saw iu them. lie
was square, though, In all things, and
a good fellow besides, so that there
was littio wonder that wo should
have grown to bo friends.
it was about *i o'clock Saturday
afternoon when ho readied liis home
iu the country, throe hours later than
his usual hour of arrival, as he had
taken ine out at that hour so we
might have a little loafing spell before dluner, and as tho day was unusually fine in the country, and as it
had not beeu pleasant iu thc heated
town, I was glad enough that he had
been so thoughtful.
It was delightful under the big
trees of his dooryard���ho objected to
calling it lawn���aud when he brought
out a couple of great, juicy mint juleps, and we sat there browsing upon
them, I don't think I ever felt more
at peace with all the world than I
did at that very moment.
Later, Mrs. Bascom, a dainty little
woman,.with three as pretty children as children can he pretty to a
bachelor of my proclivities, Joined us,
and with her came her sister, Mrs.
Hitman, a matronly woman of lio, to
whom I was formally presented.
I confess to an admiration of Mrs.
Hilniaa as soon as I saw lier, not
that Mrs. Bascom wasn't admirable,
but that her sister was older and
more substantial to my mind. In
fact, Mrs. Hllman was of that pleasing rotundity of person which seems
to appeal to an uuromantic man of
50, while Mrs. Bascom was rather
splrltuelle, ami reminded one more of
angels than of good house-keepers.
In addition to her other attractions
Mrs. Hllman was ot the laughing,
jolly kind ot women, who seem to
carry a surplus of sunshine with
them for general distribution) and T
always had a Kind of sneaking fondness for that kind of a  woman.
At 7 o'clock we had a delightful
dinner aud then a pleasant family
gathering on the piazza, with a fine
view of tho water out by the sky
line, and of the little village down on
tlie shore with its dancing* lights underneath the stars. Both of tho
ladles seemed to be determined to
make a good impression on me, nnt
so much for their own sake.*' as for
tlie sake of their entire sex, for Bascom had told them I did not hold
woman in tbe highest esteem, except
theoretically, and in that regard I
thought she was unequalled.
I went to bed early, as is tlie custom in the country, and though I
was in good sleeping trim and my
conscience was in perfect order, somehow, I lay awake thinking of what a
lonesome sort of life a bachelor's
was, and how much cozier and pleas-
anter a woman could make a man's
life, even If she hadn't more than half
a chance.
After a long time I slept and T
dreamed dreams in whicli tliere were
summer girls and other disturbing elements, and when 1 awoke in the
morning in response to Ba scorn's
knock, I was my old self again and
laughed at the very idea of a woman
as a  life companion.
During Sunday I bad several very
interesting talks with Mrs, Hllman,
and by night again I was worse than
I was the night before, and began
wondering why it was that some men
were so much luckier than others,
and also whether tliere was much
chance of Mr. Hllman departing this
life and being laid to rest with his
fathers. I knew of a number of pleasant churchyards where I thought Mr.
Hllman might be accommodated with
quarters, indefinitely, and I felt that
1 could attend his funeral with much
pleasure, though, as a rule, 1 abhorred funerals.
Of course I was discreetly silent on
this point lu my talks with Mrs. Ilil-
man, but a mau has a right to think
what he pleases, and I exercised
that right to its  fullest exten:.
"Well, old man," said Bascom, as
we took the train for town Monday
morning, "1 hope you enjoyed yourself."
"1 never hnd a pleasanter outing in
my life," I answered, with such sincerity that he actually blushed, "and
you have my thanks iu ail their amplitude."
"I'm glnd you Uked It for moro reasons than oue," and he smiled rather
cutely.
"Oh, yes, I know," I said with a
laugh, "You think that after my experience of the last 48 hours my
views on the woman question will
undergo a radical change."
lie nodded and smiled at my profundity of observance.
"'Fess i.ii>, now, Marston*," he said,
"haven't your views changed somewhat by what you lmve lived] In for
even so short a timo','"
"Well," I replied, picking my way
carefully, "I am willing to say that
as far as your household is concerned
the prospect is more pleasing than 1
thought it could be."
"And would you say the Hllman
household were any less pleasing than
mine?" This with u uudgo and a
chuckle that I thought quite uncalled
for, In view of tho fact that Mrs. Ilil-
miui was a married woman and I had
no right to express undue admiration
for her or her household, and whicli
made the blood rush up into iny face.
"Of course that must be included,"
I said, trying to laugh off my embarrassment. "And still," I contiuued,
"that's only two, and there are
millions which one wouldn't care to
praise."
"What are they to you?" he retorted. "You are not hunting foi* the
millions but the one."
"Apparently I'm not hunting    the
one with a great degree of success."
"But you should,    now    that you
have had positive proof that the life
is not as black as it is painted."
"It's very easy for you to talk," I
contended, warmly. "You lmve called
a lucky turn and so has Hllman. Rut
you have exhausted the supply. Now
if   L   could   get  such a  woman      as
Mrs. " But I   stopped short, for
I was aliout to make a discrimination
which was hardly complimentary to
my host, and 1 didn't want to do
that.
"'In nn." he urged, good-naturedly.
" I don't euro if you dio say Mrs. Human. Anybody could see that you had
a leaning that way, Kven my wifo
noticed lb and she wasn't at all envious of her sister."
"Very well," I submitted, "sny
Mra. Hllman. If I could find sueh a
woman as Mrs. Hllman I am not at
all sure that my mind would not undergo a change, and that I could not
bo persuaded to throw off a few of
the  trammels  of bachelorhood."
Bascom let off a guffaw that not
only startled me, but it shocked mo as
well, for I thought I had said something I should not have said.
" What's tho matter, 'man ?" I
asked, much alarmed.
"That's it," he continued to laugh.
"What's the matter witli Mrs. Hllman ?" i
I wns moro disturbed than ever at
this queer enquiry.
"What do yoii ��nean?" I asked,
taking htm by the collar.
" Why, old fellow, if Mrs. Hllman is
your ideal and you think you could
be happy with that kind of a woman,
why don't you avail youself of  your
opportunities and take Mrs. Hllman ?"
" ]W*lui���whu���nyhn���why��� why���" I
stammered, utterly upset.
" Oh, there isn't nny Mr. Hllman,
if that's what you are trying to say.
He has been in the quiet churchyard
forlo! these many years, and Mrs* Hllman has been living with us for the
last twelve month) and I am positive that she is heart whole and
fancy free, and what Is more to tho
point, she is just a little bit tired of
living with us, see?"
Possibly I aaw and possibly I didn't.
"Whether I did or not, I spent the
next .Sunday with Bascom, and incidentally with Mrs. Bascom, and
Mrs. Hllman.
The next Sunday T spent principally with Mrs. Hllman.
And tho next.
And there are others.���Exchange.
A  DYING   MAN'S   STORY,
How anil Why A, T, Stewart's Body
Was Stolen,
MYSl'KKIOL's 1)1*1 U'l'K.tK.lNl'K.
Prominent BnBt In,Ilium Who nave Voluntarily Passed trito utter obscurity,
**omo live or six years ago the son
ol the late rajali of Tanjore, a, man
some 40 or DO years ot' age, and
ol course tlio chief native personage
in that part oi iatlia, made, up hii
luiud to become a devotee, lie one
day told his friends lie was going ou
a railway journey. Sent off his servants and carriages from the palace
to the statioa, saying he would follow, gave them the slip aud has
never beeu heard of since. Mis friends
went to tiio man wlio was known
to havo beeu acting as his. guru, who
simply told them: "You will never
iiud him." supposing tlie g. o. m. or
the Prince of Wales were to retire
like this���how odtl it would seem I
To illustrate this subject I mny tell
the story of Tillelnatlian Swam, who
was the teacher of the guru, whose
acquaintance 1 am referring to in
this chapter, Tillelnatlian was a
wealthy ship owner of high family. In
1850 he devoted himself to religious
exercises till 38*55, when he became
"emancipated." After his attainment
he felt sick of the world and so he
wound uy his affairs, divided all his
goods and money among relatives
find dependents, and went off stark
naked Into the woods. His mother
and sisters wero grieved and repeatedly pursued him, offering to surrender all to him if ho would only
return. At last ho simply refused to
answer their Importunities and they
desisted. He appeared In Tanjore after that la 1857, 18511, 186-i nmi 1S7l>,
hut has not. been seen since. Ho Is
supposed to bo living somewhere In
tho western Ghauts,
THB OCEAN  WAVE*.
They Are Never as   High   lu   Pilot   a.  lu
Fiction.
Dr. G. Scllott,. studying the form
and height of tlio waves of the deep
sea, found that under a moderate
breeze their velocity wus 24.6 feet
per second, or 1U-S miles tin hour. As
tho wind rises, tho size und speed
of the waves increase. In a strong
breeze tlielr length rises to 200 feet,
aud their speed reaches UU0 or 864
feet per second. Waves, the period
of whicli is nine seconds, the length
400 or 425 feet, and the speed 28
nautical miles per hour, are produced
only lu storms. During a southeast
storm in tho Southern Atlantic Dr.
Schott measured waves OUO feet long;
and this was uot a maximum; for lu
latitude 28 degrees south and longitude ai) degrees east ho observed
waves of 15 seconds period which
wero 1,150 foot long, with a velocity
ol 78.7 feet per second, or 4U 1-8 nautical miles an hour. Dr. Schott does
not thiuk that the maximum height
of the waves is very great. Some
observers have estimated it at 30
or 40 feet iu a wind of the force represented by 11 on tho Beaufort scale
(the highest number on which is 12);
and Dr. Sehott's maximum is Just82
feot. Ho believes that in great tempests waves of moro than 00 feet aro
rare, and that eveu those of 50 feet
are exceptional. In the ordinary
trado winds the height Is 5 or 0 feet.
The ratio of height to length is about
1.88 in ��v modern te wind, 1.18 In a
strong wind, nnd 1.17 iu m storm ;
from which it follows thnt the inclination of the waves is respectively about 0 degree.-, 10 degrees and
11 degrees. The ratio of the height
of the waves to the force of the wind
varies greatly.���Popular Science
Monthly. _
AN BEIKLOOU OK DISEASE GEItMS.
Feather itetis Are Latleu with the Microbes
ol heath,
Infected beds are a menace to the
health, hut an exchange says the
most unsanitary of all household articles ts the feather bed. guito too
frequently It ii an heirloom which
has come down through many generations In which it has dono service
lor till sorts of people unden all sorts
of conditions, In the larger cities,
convenient renovating establishments
afford facilities for the purification
of feather beds, pillows, etc., which
to some degree removes tho evils
of which wo complain, but by no
means altogether, fur the feather
bed, at best, contains a considerable
.amount ol organic matter clinging
to tho quills, and feathers, which,
absorbing tlio waste of tho body, Is
always undergoing decomposition,
throwing off poisonous gasses Into
tho air antl affording food for myriads of pestilential microbes which
are ever ia readiness to seize a favorable opportunity oi infecting a weakened body, setting up suppurating
process and intensifying tlio effects of specific germs of various sorts
which may become active ln tho
body through contagion. Sometimes
also a leather bed becomes infected
by tho contagious elements of scarlet lever, diphtheria, measles, smallpox or other mnlndles, nnd constitutes thereby a most efficient vehicle
for those dangerous disorders.���Troy
Times.
A Scheme to Extort  Money���The Horrible
Job Doue��� Barrelled antl  llnrletl on a
Farm���Death of the Principal in the
Plot.
A Blnghamton, X. Y.. despatch
says: A peculiar story regarding the
robbery of tlie tomb of A. T. Stewart
anil the disposal of tho body hits
Just como to light through tlio death
of a tanner near here. On the night
of,November 8th, 1878, the body of
A. '1'. Stewart was stolen from the
family vault lu St. Mark's Church,
When the casket was broken open
the decomposition of the body was
so offensive that tlio day after tho
robbery a person standing ln the
door of the tomb would be neatly
overcome by tlie fearful odor. This,
it was thought, would make it Impossible lo conceal the remains for
uny length ot tlmo, but the robbers
succeeded in keeping their secret, although 1550,000 reward was offered
for the recovery of the hotly.
"ftn the hills between Windsor nnd
Susquehanna, a short distance from
this city, tliere resided until a short
time ngo a farmer named Mtxon. Onc
evening in November, 1878, a young
man, well dressed, knocked ut the
farm house door und asked for lodging. He said that ho wns a western
farmer, but, meeting with poor success, antl come east in search of work.
He was engaged by Mixon. He gave
his name ns Thomas Forester, and
for a young man wuh considered by
the neighbors as strangely reticent.
Kvery duy, rnlu or shine, through
snow or mud, he would make his way
to the post office aud ask for mail,
but no mnll en me.
In December while visiting a remote
corner of his farm oue after n Mix-
on camo upon his hired man lining in
a hole. In response to u,n Inquiry
Forester saitl he had met a skunk the
evening beiorc and was burying his
clothes, in the spring of 1880, Forester wa.s taken seriously ill with pneumonia. Ou his deathbed ho ua.old-
ed a remarkable tale. His name wus
not Forester but McCarthy, and his
residence wns in Ncw York City. He
was a. member oi tlie gang that removed Stewart's body from the vault.
The plot, according to his story, was,
hatched In the rooms oi iv lashioai-
able New York Club.
"Onc evening a party of young
men, the sous o. wealthy parents.but
whose losses nt the gaming table bad
lett them penniless, were discussing
the situation when ono of the party
suggested that If they Iuul A. T.
Stewart's money they would bo all
right. Another replied: ' We haven't
his money, but we can get his body,
which would    mean tho same thing.'
" Thus the robbery originated, Tlie
young men delegated ono of their number to superintend tlio robbery and
plan the details. lie at ouce opened negotiations with a, 'resurrectionist' wlio agreed to make the attempt
for 810,01)0, his helpers to receive
$1,000 each, halt of tho sum' to be
paid iu advance und tho balance when
the body wus delivered to a, certain
pspot.
"McCarthy was one of the helpers
and watched outside the railing with
a horse aud buggy iu order to givo
an alarm sliould tiny ono approach.
The men carried their grewsomo burden iu a sack.
" In hoisting It over the fence the
bag caught ou the iron rail and was
slightly torn. The odor which emanated from It wns so feurful that two
of the men were taken violently ill.
The bundle was thrust into tlie
wagon and driven to a point on
Canal street. Here it was carried
into a basement and thrust into a
barrel ol 'pickle,' that had been chemically prepared with a view of killing
the stench. The barrel was headed up,
labelled ' fish' aud given in charge
of McCarthy to taku into the country. The mbel, It was thought,
would allay any suspicions should
any odor escape.
" McCarthy saw the barrel shipped
to Susquehanna and then followed on
the train. Alter securing his position
with Mixon he procured a team und
conveyed the barrel-end its contents
to the farm whoro he dug a holo
and burled It pending negotiations
for its delivery. This was the work
ho was engaged In when discovered
by Mixon. The number Implicated In
the plot necessitated a largo reward
and it wa.s for this tho conspirators
waited until they became convinced
that they could not obtain tlie money
without publicity and probably prosecution.
" -Mixon, who from ids retired life
kuew nothing ot '.lie robbery and of
the world, set It down us the vagaries 01 u dying man. .fust ere he died
throe days ago he told another farmer of tlio story. The latter looked
for the grave and found it with the
skeleton,
Till:  EDITOR'S  KDBBEES.
"No," said Fio.'itiiihair, the poet,
" I shall never call ou that editor
again; never, never."        >
" What has he done!"
*'Ho lias beon rudely sarcastic. I
handed him a bundle of manuscript
this morning, nnd ho told the office
boy to hunt up his overshoes."
" Overshoes ?"
" Yes. lie Bald he had a lot of slush
to wade through."
The Patrons of Prontenac county,
Ont., held a picnic on *Saturdny at
Ontnr'.o Park, In thc Interest of Mr.
P. D. Rogers, who will bo their candidate at the next Dominion election.
ANCESTKY OF THE HOO.
Where antl  When  the Faithful Friend of
Man Originated.
Although the recent discussion of the
origin of tlie dog cannot be said to
havo settled the long-controverted
question, there seems to bo a decided
drift of opinion among naturalists
that our numerous varieties of do*
tuestieated dogs tire descended not
from tt single species, but from several
kinds of wild anhnals, us, for instance, the wolf and the jackal.
Tliere are recorded examples of
tallied wolves, which iu gentleness,
love for their masters antl intelligence
showed a truly dog-like capacity,
With regard to tamed jackals, Darwin
litis pointed out thut, when caressed,
tliey jump aliout lor joy, wag their
tails, lower their ears,' lick their
muster's bands, crouch down and
even throw themselves on the ground
hot upward. When frightened they
curry their tails between their legs,
tin the other ha mi, it is understood
that, whatever animal we may consider his progenitor, the domestication of the dog begun ut an epoch exceedingly'remote. The fossil remains
of a large' tlog have beeu found in
tertiary deposits, aud there is no
doubt that the dog existed in a domesticated stato during prehistoric
times. Ills bones nre discovered ill thc
shell benps of Denmark and in tho
hike dwellings of Switzerland,
The dog meets us iu tho dawn of
history, for such varieties its the
hound, gruyhouud and watch-dog aro
depleted on Egyptian monuments
5,000 years old. It Is well known
thnt in Egypt the dog was worshipped under the title of Anubls, and
dog mummies huve been found. There
is a mastiff figured on an Assyrian
sculpture belonging to 040 B. C.
The tact Is often overlooked thnt
dogs were used by the Greeks and
Romans not only iu the cliuse uml for
running down escaped prisoners, but
for war, being armed for that purpose not only with spiked collurs,
but with a coat of mail. It Is said
that Corinth was on one occasion
saved by fifty war dogs, which foiled
a night attack of the enemy, fighting:
until all we're killed but one, which
succeeded In arousing the garrison.
It Is worth noting that, according:
tn some naturalists, the Newfoundland
nnd St. Bernard dogs form a group
by themselves, derived neither from
wolves nor jackals, but from a distinct species of progenitors, It Is a
disputed question whethe** the Newfoundland dog is Indigenous to North
America or was Introduced cither by
the Norwegians iu the year 1000 or
by Cabot lu 1407. Bearing on this
question is the interesting fact that
tho Norwegians have dogs closely resembling the Newfoundland breed. The
Dingo dog of Australia docs certnlnly
seem to constitute a distinct, indigenous species, since it Is now found
In both a wild and domesticated state
ln that country, nnd its fossil remains
are associated with those of extinct,
mammals.���Philadelphia Times.
ft
1/
TIIE LAZY CLUB.
Oao of the queerest clubs In tlio
world la tho "Lazy Club," ot Yienna.
It ia said to havo a membership of
100, ami thore aro thousands waiting
for admission. No member of thia
organization can do anything for n
living, and tho slightest suspicion of
work that rests ou a member means
his espulBlou.
Many men attempt to give life a
rosy hue by gazing at tlie world
through wine-glasses.���Syracuse Tost.
W1MEK WINDOW   IM l!l)KN.*J.
null***! Thut rtiny in* <iruwu SncceaBfully.by
Bnthualastle Aiiiatein���*-.
No other plant!-; available for window gardens yield so generous a return for tho slight caro they require
as thoso with " bulbous roots, writes
Carroll Watson Rankin In tho September Ladles' Homo Journal. No other
plants aro so fasctuatlng or so beautiful, or so easily grown. Most bulbs
will thrive and produco an abundant
harvest of glorious blooms in a temperature that would reduce a geranium to a stato of chronic invalidism,
yet many people havo an idea that it
is a difficult matter to grow them
without a greenhouse. That Is a mistake. All one needs is a little common
sense���and the bulbs. Bulbs should bo
ordered early in the fall. The Her-.
muda Easter lily and the freesia
should bo planted in August if they
aru wanted for tho holidays. All other
bulbs sliould bo ordered early in
September and planted at intervals.
Alter potting the bulbs in good garden soli "they must be placed in the
dark to make roots. This is of tho
Utmost importance. A dark, cool cellar is the best plaee, but a dark closet
or a cupboard or even a bureau
drawer will do nicely. Tho soil must
bo watered occasionally���tho aforesaid common senso Will tell you how
often���and tbe pots must remain in
tlio dark for ut least four weeks. It
will do no harm to huve them there
for threo or four months, provided
thoy are not allowed to dry out.
Thero aro a number of bulbs that
may bo grown successfully by the enthusiasts amateur, which, if given
proper caro and treatment, may bo
relied upou t*> furnish flowers for
Thanksgiving, Christina-*-, New Year's,
Easter ami lor Innumerable birthdays.
THE HEART DOES NOT GROW OLD,
It appeajH that the brain and tho
heart aro two parts of tin; human organism that, li rightly used, may
largely esca-pe growing ohl. Tito unimpaired activity of great statesmen
antl other bnunworki-rs at a time
when most of tho bodily organs aaid
functions are In advanced senile decay
is a matter of frequent comment, but
ono for which a physiological explanation Is given In a recent work by Dr.
Balfour, The normal brain retains its
vigor to tho last, because thero is es-
peei:il provision for its nutrition. Near
middlo lifo tho general arteries of the
body begin to lose their elasticity
and slowly dilate, bocoming much loss
ci'i'lclent carriers of nutrient blood to
thc capillary areas, but tho Internal
carotids���which feed tho capillary
areaa of tho brain���aro not effected by
this impairment and retain their
youthful elasticity- thus keeping up.
tho blood pressure- in tho brain and
giving bettor nourishment to thebraln
tissues than is received by any other
tissues of the body.
NOT THAT KIND.
Sho went into a shop to buy somo
toilet soap, and while the shopman
was expatiating on its merits, about
mnde up her mind to purchase, but
when he stated "It would keep off
tho chaps," she paid- sh-8 didn't want
that kind. .*���*������   . G. A. McBain & Co.,   Real Estate   Brokers, Nanaimo, B.C,
LATE LOCALS.
Do you love oysters? Well, Ren
Creech will have a flesh supply every
Wednesday.
The hospital was indebted  tliirinji the
past week to  Mrs. James  Rees of thc*
Lower Prairie road for a brace of chick-
ens and some eegs.
Dr. Baker, dentist will be at The
Waverly House until Thivsdny. Dur-
inu Thursday he will be al Graham's hotel, Courtenay.
Cold weather is here antl that
means stove pipe to a ureal tnanv. Anderson makes Ihc best in town, a'l double
riveted and extra heavy, same price as
machine made paper pipe now ou the
market.
from Ocean to Ocean
No 8. By American Travel)*-*-*'.
As we rolled into the station at Reno,
Nevada, I could see soldiers pacing up
und down the tracks. I jumped off and
yelled to Vic to watch himself, but got no
answer. The train was now at a ntfind
still, so I started to look for him. I was
thus engaged when one of those blue
ramrods cime up and saluted ine as he
would his superior officer and demanded
information. "1 am looking for a friend
I said. He told me to get on the
other side." I yot on the other side and
found myself on the platform. Here another soldier led me off. and pointing to a
rope, told me to keep outside of that. I
did so but waited around there until thc
train started on again, but no Vic.
Feeling wearv I sat down on a curbstone to think of what to think about,
when a crazy individual came up and
asked if 1 was a Spaniard. 1 said, no,
and enquired why he asked when he yelled that if I was he would go and get a
gun and blow my head off. I told liim 1
had a strain of Spanish blood in my veins
which, however, doesn't happen to be true
He went off to get his gun, but up to this
time hasn't been seen or heard of. While
waiting, a couple of men started in to ply
me with a lot of questions. After awhile
I protested. Then one of them who appeared slightly under the influence of the
"ardent", turned to the other aud said,
"Well, constable, do you want this man,
or will you let him go? "Oh, let him go,"
replied the other, he has done nothing."
"Are you a Constable?" I demanded.
Pulling back the lappel of his coat he dis
played a shining star. I asked his advice
as to what I should do. "Why, go and
get a bed somewhere, and if you are dead
broke, go and lay down on ihc grass, but
don't be loafing around town or we will
have to "pinch" you;" so saying he gave ���
tne a good natured sian on the shoulder, I
and I moved on. Not finding any place
to suit me I started to cross the tracks j
very near where I met the official*;. I i
had just got near the track when some
-one called me to halt and then came
at low rate ancl easy terms.
Lots for sale in any part of town
Line acre lots adjoining Cumberland Townsite.
164 acres on water front, near the Trent River; easy terms.
Wi   MflfllS ft. rhlllTPF
to 'Ir   ctadaMreW-awimf***?    ww   radhWawmUWii'l
��9 *-*���*'w    ig*,'
That problem has been solved by the arrival ofa splendid consignment of thc inost reliable and choicest blended Teas, including*
Upton's, M. M. Pekoe, Souchpng, ect., etc.    Call and give it a -rial.
EPMTMEN1
is  now  well  stocked
;..-     with     New    Goods.
Prime  Mild Eastern Cheese, Sugar Cured  Hams and Bacon,  Australian Canned Meals, Finan  Haddie, etc., at lowest prices at
ii-sr
K    SHI til tm��\
UNION AND COMOX BAY
running towards mc, revolver in hand
When he had gotten his breath ha -aid ;
" See lu-re, my friend, vou are not allowed on the tracks or in the yards because |
ofthe strike." Then he looked at me |
again and broke out wuh, "Oh! its you���
Come along wiih nu:." It was my former acquaintance, the tipsy marshal. He
took ine over to to the constable and advised him to lock me up. Kut the constable thought oiher wise and after giving
me further advise, let me go. I staggered around through the darkness, the elec
trie lights having retired for the night and
following day. After a while I found a vacant lot with an old retired wagon in it.
I lay down in the wagon and slept till
the 'irsi gray streaks of dawn showed up
in the east; then I -jot up and shook myself and without trying to Hnd out it" mv
hat was on straight, I rambled down town
Although i slept in thc suburbs 1 hadn't
far to saunter. I intended to find how far ii
was to the next station,so I could walk it;
for 1 thought it would be no easy   matter
to ride out of Retioj and 1 wanted to
catch Vic, who would doubtless wait for
me there, and I also wanted lo do tli*
walking before it gol too hot. Well, it
was not long before thc nvtrshal sighted
me nnd wilh an unearthly yel! to attract
my mention, lie motioned me lo romc
to him, and did his best to maintain his
equilibrium nil 1 got there.
"How far is it to the next station?" I
asked.
"What do you want to know lor? Vou
don't want to go there. You are holding
this town as long as j ou can. If it was*
n t for me you'd never leave" 1 followed.
After going a litlle distance, he knocked
at a door. A dummy came out and alter
exchanging some signs followed us
"Now this is pretty good" I si*id. "Am
I really under arrest?
"Are you   under   arrest?"  he   veiled.
"Well. I should think so, and will scare
nway   your doubt.s"   With  this  rem irk
he snapped a pair of twisters on my wrists
Con-iivuetl
J. A. Ca**thew
ARCHITECT and BUILDER,
VWIO.-T, s. c.
i CEMETERY FUND.
!     Cnsh subscriptions received so far  are
I as follows:
.Sum Davis, $10; Simon Leiser, $5:
1 W. Gleason, $5; W. Roy, $'j Dr. Law-
j relice, $51 L Mounce $5; J.   Mi Kim   &
Sons; $2 50: A. C. Fulton', $2. E. Pimbu
ry & Co, 2.50; O. II. Feclit*er, $2; T.  D.
I McLean, $2;  .V. F. Lawson, $|| R. Sail-
ser, $1; (I. H. Scoil,$i;    I'hos. Horn, $1
Cnsh, $2
This list will he icept standing nr.iil the
i canvass is-clost-d, and will be   added   10
j ar,   subscriptions    are    received.    Help
j aloug the good norlt.
BIRKBECK
Investment security  Savings Co.
Of   TORONTO
Advances   money  for Building.
Manager for Nanaimo,  Wellington
and   Cumberland.
R L LEIGH-SPENCER
Head nliire, Commercial Street Na-
naimo, II. C.
Miss Leigh-Spencer visits Union from
this date on everv boat succeeding payday, for collecting dues, and advancing
llie Company's business. Tallies call at
Cumberland Club
Directors Meeting Thursday evening
7.30.   t*?exi visit, October 2nd, 189*.
Fire,   Life,   Accident   Insurance,
Beal Estate.
CUMBERLAND   CLU11
UNION, 11. C.
J.  BRUCE, PRES.
��'. s. DICKSON, KEC'y & TREAS.
CLUB   HOUSE
OPEN  FROM 6 A. M. TO 2 A. M.
FOR MEMBERS ONLY.
���** -������  ���-���"������ ������   b ��� i m .u s
H. A. Simpson
BaprtsLer & Solicitor, No's 2 & 4
Commercial street.
KTA^TAr^O,    B.   C.
Drs. Lawrence A Westwood.
Physicians and Surgeons.
���U'^rio^r 32 c.
rourlenaj" ��� nd ilio Ua** will ho vtifto-1 over)
Wed no-tiny attwrr.ooii tor tbu "purpose cf con
tulUiticm.
Put eutfl nt ii iliHttitH'O will rucoivo wirly at
tuhllon on re(*i).i of tulopltutiumesHaff-j*
Dave Anthony's
Cigar   and   Fruit   Store
2nd   and Dunsmuir Ave.
UNION*, 15. C.
NUTS, CANDIES, NOTIONS,
MINERS SUPPLIES.
New novels, plain and lancy stationery a:', Pimbury's
This fall
wc will
be able
to show
you the
correct
thing'
in all
classes
of
General
We have
already
received
large
Consignment
of
Dry Goods
Clothing
Boots and Shoes
Neckwear
Boys Suits
and Overcoats
Ladies and Childrens
Jackets and Capes
U nderwear
and the famous
Gurney and Tilden's
Merehandfoe
For high class goods it wi
you to go
j

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