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BC Historical Newspapers

The Weekly News May 3, 1893

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A Large Stock of Boots and Shoes of Cochrane and Cass-
ell's Celebrated make just op'^nsd at McKim's Store, every
pair warranted to give Satisfaction.    Prices moderate.
Just opened by Mrs.McKim at her Residence near the Cour-
���criay House an Extensive Stock of Everything in the Millinery Line.    The Trimmings are Simply Elegant.
An invitation is extended to the Ladies to call and examine
for themselves.
Importer   and  General Merchant
THE WHARF        -r-x OOMOX, U. C,
Agent Dominion Pianos and Organs. Giant and Judson
Powder Co. B. C. Potter and Terra Cotta Works. A
carload of Ogilvie's Hungarian Flourjust to hand.
VV. J. Young. P. F. Scharschmidt.
Also Fancy Toilet Articles
   A  Full  Line of Everything  	
Grant and McGregor Props.
...   George   Howe.  ...
COMOX and UNION 1), C.
Dealer in All Kinds of Meats, Vegetables, etc.,
Orders Filled on Short Notice.
I have for sale some   plended  Lots and  Blocks a   little ,
As is now understood, the Canada Western will run its track
Directly Through The Property
in passing from Courtenay to Union Wharf. Figures low and
terms reasonable now, but prices will be advanced before long
and may be doubled any day . Opportunity is our guest at
p�� sent, and once neglected NEVER   RETURNS
Ottice at Courtenay.
Wm Cheney, Real F.stateAgt
to buy
Agriculural Implements, Farm and Mill Machinery, Min-
ng and mill supplies, Hardware, Belting, Paints and Oils,
Plaster.Cordaga and Cement
Victoria, B C
P 0 Box 88 8 E Corner Yates and Broad
Correspondence solicited.
This space reserved for
Simon Leiser,
Union, B. C.
coimiox, bo.
Importers & Dealers in
Flour ft Feed
Farm Produce
Fancy Groceries
Dry Oooda
Boots ft Shoes
Crockery ft Glassware     Faint ft Oils
Gents Furnithings
Patient Medicines
Sportsmens Supplies a Speciality
Riverside   Hotel
Courtenay B C
J. J. Grant, Proprietor
The Hotel is one ofthe best equipped
on the Pacific Coast, and is situated nt
the mouth of the Courtenay River, between Union and the Urge farming settlement of Comox.
Trcut are plentiful in the river, and
targe game abounds in the neighborhood
The Bar connected with the hotel is
kept welt supplied   with the best wines
ind liquors.   Stage connects   with all
Steamers.   Terms moderate
Esquimalt and Nanaimo Ry.
Steamer Joan
On and after Mar. 22nd, 1893
The Steamer JOAN will sail as follows
and fruit-lit muy utter
e   ve Victoria, Tueadn-r, inn.
"   Nanaimo for Comox, Wednesday, 7 a. m
"   Comox for Valttes Illaod, evoy alternate
Thursday 7 *i.in.lft��! urninR aamo day. ]
Lunve Comox for Nnnaimo,       Fr-la-fa, 7a.m.
'      Nanaimo for Victoria,   S-Uiirduy, 7 n.in
For freight or stale rooms apply on
board, or at thc Company's ticket office,
Victoria Station, Store street.
Esquimalt & Nanaimo R'y.
Time  Table   No.   17,
To take effect at 8.00 a. m. on Friday
September 30th. 1009. Trains run
on Pacific Standard Time.
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On Saturdays and Sundays
Return Tlokets will bo tamod between all
points for a fare and a quarter, good for return not later than Monday.
Return Tlokr-ta for one and a halt ordinary
fare may be purchased dally to all point*,
Hood for seven days, inch-din-- day of iu.-no.
No Return Tlokota is-jued for a fare and a
quarter where tho Hit-gln fare in I won!)-live
Throuifh rates between Victoria and Comox.
1'redidvlit. Gutl'l Hilpt.
11. K. PRIOR,
Gen. KreiRht and Posaooit-or Agt.
Society    Cards
nihB leading hotel in Comox district.
���-Now Mid handsomely furniih��d,
excellent hunting and flehing clote
to town. Tourists can depend on
flrat-clau accommodation. Reasona-
ble rates. Bar supplied with the
choicest liquors and cigars
R. Graham, Propr.
T. C Woods
Comox B.  C.
Conducts a General
Teaming   and Livery Business
His Stage Runs to Union and
Returns Thur$days,Saturdays,
and Sundays.
For Sale
521 Acres of Choice Land,
��� and ���
0 Horses, 100 fiheep, and DO Cows
together with
9 Mowing Machines, 1 Steel Roller
1 Ho -ping Machine, 1 Seed Sower,
1 Drill Bower, 1 Spring wagon, and
Double Wagon.
1 1.. JU -.
Title deeds can be seen in my possession.
Union Steamship Co. B.C.Ltd.
UK AD OFFICE and Wharf, Vancouver. B.C.
Vnticoti vour And Naniiinin--SS. Cutch Loaves
0. P.R, Wharf daily nil-00 p. in. returning
front Nanaimo Ht7��. m. Canto at Company*-
wharf until noon.
Vancouver and Comox���SS. Comox leaves
Conipnny'ii wharf wry Monday at H. h hi.
for Comox district, roturimitf on Tuesday.
Vancouver and Northern I<ogffing Camps
and HottottiO'-tH -SS, Coniox loaves the
''omiiai-yt wlmrf every Wednesday attla. in-
for Gibson's Lu-ullnK.Hoocholt. Welcome Pass
Lund, Cortos. Reaillilnnd and retnniln-j* tho
same routcund to Port Neville and wayporta
every atternalo work
*t*a,HiiiauiorB and Scows always available for
Bx'*urslons,TowinK. Kroighting Husiness. Am
plo Storage Accomodation on iVs wharf.
Porttcutars on application to this othce.
WM. WEUESTEK,   Manager ���
TolaphoneM P.O.Box 217
Just received from the East
Dress goods, Prints, Mourning Prints,
Men's fancy and stout top Shirts, etc.
Also an extensive variety of Hinges,
Locks, and General Hard -vare. No trouble to show goods.
^y To Let:��� The  claim'below the
Duncan  Bros.
Leiser Lodge No. 13, A. 0. U. W.
holds regular meetings on alternate Saturday evenings a.7.30 P* m- ,n tl)e. ?ld
North Comox School House. Visiting
Brethren are cordially invited to attend.
Ernest A. Holliday
Hiram Looge No 14 A.F .& A.M..B.C.R.
Courtenay B. C.
Lodge meets on every Saturday on or
before the full ofthe moon
Visiting Brothers   cordially requested
l0",,CTd* W.J. Young
K. of P.
Comox Lodge No 5, IC of P., meet,
every Saturday, after the new and full
moon, at 8 p. m. at Castle Hall, Comox.
Visiting Knights cordially invited to at-
lend* John Bitrd,
K. ItS.
J. W. McKenzie
Courtenay, B. C,
General Blacksmithing
and Horse Shoeing.
Loggers' Work a Specialty.
Dominion Election
To the Electors of Vancouver
Island  District.
Having been requested by a large
number of Electors to allow my name
to be placed in nomination us a Candidate for the House of Commons in the
Liberal-Conservative interests, I respectfully announce myself as a Candidate for
the favor of your support at the com
ing election.
I will make a personal canvas where-
ever possible and further explain my o-
pimons politically.
Vour obedient Servant,
Andrew Haslam,
Wharf Gleanings.
Comox, April 25th.��� At last the sun
shines upon us once more. Today is a-
bout the first intimation we have had of
spring. What a cbceiir,-* sensation to
feet warm again! A few hours of sunshine has had a wonderful! effect on vegetation. It has started, as if by magic.
In a few days nature will have put on her
mantle r.f indescribable beauty. The
farmers' faces are already beaming with
smiles, and begin to assume oval shape
The liverymen are smiling too, and thc
young men who can afford it are out riding but not alone.
Dog ftsh must be very numerous in the
in thc bay just now. I saw an Indian fill
a large canoe w t'i one haul ofa 30 fathom
net. There were some Chinaman look-
in-* on who were very anxious to know if
they were -'heap good to eat".
Our friend, R. Norris.has returned. He
says there is no place he likes as well as
Comox. He has gone to live on Nob
Hill -rvh**re he owns property. I expect
to see him put up a nice residence this
Jack McKenzie and Billy Taylor,"bush
arti'ls" are in town.
Messrs Fitxge'rald &��� Swan started out
to dav for a benr hunt��� like to see them
get some with fur on.
26th.��� Capt Bendrot brought the
Joan up this week. Among the passengers w-re Rev. Mr. McKae. Alrx, and
Mrs. Grant and family; consignees, McPhee & Moore, j. IJ, Holmes, McKim
and Geo Howe.
27th --The |oan left for Valdes Island
this morning.
Harvey King, the hunter, is in town to'
day. He reports having met with good
Capt Manson arrived at 12 o'clock to
day with the Stella of which he is thc
proprietor. He was after stores and
leaves tomorrow for his home on Cortes
What about the Queen's birthday celebration? The 24th of Mav will soon be
here. Should like to hear from the Courtenay Alhlettc Aassociiition. The Bay
Athletics will not be backward in support
ing 1 good programme for that dav.
The sailors, McKenzie, Preddis and
Bird ofthe J. D. Peters were up before
G. F. Drabble, J. P., on Tuesday charged wilh refusing to do thei ��� dutv. One
was sent down for one month and the
two others for three months each.
W. Quinlin, a miner from Union, was
up for stealing $35 from J. Reynolds���let
off on his own bond to answer when
called for.
Rev. Mr. Galloway not appearing
the case against nn Indian charged with
breaking into his cabin on Valdes Island
was posponcd two weeks and the Indian
released on bail.
May t.��� It is May-day, but whether
that is the reason or not, the people appear unusuilly busy, and the boat yard
Kresents a very striking appearance, no
;ss than four boats being painted and
fixed up. The Maggy Roy promises to
be the fastest,and her owners are rigging
her out with a brilliant oil and lead over
Mr. F. Dorman had the misfortune to
cut his leg with a brush hook on Saturday.   He will be around in a few davs.
As Mr. E. Muschamp and Mr. S. Cliffe
ofthe Lome were driving home from
the Masonic Lodge Saturday night the
horse suddenly jumped to one side, and
very neatlv landed Muscamp on the
around. His back is protesting against
its treatment ina vigorous manner
Wm Cheney and M. R. Gilchrist return
ed today (Monday) from the north���They
went as far as Port Neville and had a
pretty rough time of it. but fnancially
doin| fairly well. All the camps are
running full blast.
The SS. Coquitlam arrived in good
season on Monday with dry goods for
I. B. Holmes, groceries for McPhee &
Moore, Duncan Bros, Geo. Howe and J.
McKim. Capt. Webster, manager of the
Uuion S. S. Co. and J. H, Pomeroy 0/the
Oswego Iron Works of Portland Oregon
were among the passengers. At It p. m.
the Coquitlam left for Redonda Mines
which are very promising. There are
a large force of men at work there. The
Union S. S. Co. have a contract for the
transportation of 27 tons nf iron ore to
Portland. It is expected todevtone into a business of enormous proportions.
Blue Mud.
AU persons driving over the wharf
or bridges in Comox district faster
than ��� walk, will be prosecuted according to law.
8. OrMch
Qov, Agent.
Union Flashes
The milk war rages as fiercely as ever.
Harrigan's partner in the business is
said to be oft, but Harrigan is a whole
team in himself and will push a vigorous
campaign The cavalry branch of his
service needs reenforcing and it is probable Lhat if any of the farmers have good
servicable horses thev might dispose of
them to this redoubtable leader to good
advantage. Crawford's lieutenant, jack
Wilson, wears the smile of confidence
and when he shakes his auburn locks in
defiance you may know that he has added another customer to his list. But the
chief interest is centered on Mathewson.
He is moving vigorously, with conscious
strength. Like McClell'an he is organizing his forces for a mArch on Richmond.
He knows its a question of endurance
and so will employ a large wagon, taking
along passengers, eggs, butter, chickens,
pigs, vegetables,, etc.. for the camp, and
what he can't raise 1 e will buy. The In n
gry will be fed and every body made happy. With a sagacity not yet shown by
his competitors he is reported on good
authority to havs engaged a space in The
News to advertise his campaign, and so
we may expect the white tide of the milky
way to rise higher than ever.
The new townsight has been named
Cumberland for what reason we do not
know. It is known of course that the
coal mined by the Colliery Co., is harder
than thc ordinary bituminous coal of other places. It might therefore with propriety be so named after the flourishing
city of Cumberland in the state of Maryland, U. S., on the left bank of the Potomac Kiver, at the foot ofthe Alleghanies,
where the semi-bituminous coat is got.
It may be named after the north wester-
most county of England but not with as
much reason. The work of opening up
thc streets is progressing, and the new
store is already denominated
The Cumberland Store.
The building is one cf the finest frame
buildings���)e.s the finest���north of Victor
is. It is not so large as the store leased
by S. Leiser, but is symmetrical, present-
an attractive front, with no severe lines;
thc heavy show windows, elegent verandah, with its upper deck, so to speak, and
elevated upper part make it an object
to arrest the attention. Going in, you
find the long room net too wide,lined with
neat counters, upon which rest at places
in elegant negligee goods of various kinds
while thc well filled shelves at both sides
ofthe room indicate a st.ick of no mean
proportions. Let us step up stairs. Here
are eight ro**ms, including bath room,
kitchen, dining loom, parlor, and bed
rooms. The parlor opens out onto thc
flat roof of the rail-protected verandah
from whence you can see over the entire
townsite, and camp, fringed with forest
trees, while towering above and cloud
tipped at the west are the many peaked
mountains. The building is complete in
every detail The contract for it was let
bv R. Grant of Union Sawmill, and the
plans drawn and carpenter work done by
the enterpising firm of Grant & McGregor. The painting (ofa green color
with dark bronze trimmingsjrefccls 1 r at
credit nn Sullivan & Rcicker who did the
work under contractor Millan.
There are only eleven Japs here now
of which seven are sick. They are not
suffering for either food or medical attendance, but the good people of Union cannot be burdened forever wilh their maintenance Why does not the Japanese
consul have them taken awav? What is
hefor anyhow? They shuuld be put in a
hospital. We know he has been inform
ed of the situation.
S. Leiser of Victoria was up for a day
or two.
Dr Callahan of Nanaimo is taking Dr.
Lawrence's place for about a fortnigh',
while the latter is at Victoria to pass hi.,
examination for admission to practice in
British Columbia.
The Presbyterians have chosen a site
for church purposes in Cumberland town-
Last Saturday four sailors deserted
the J. D. Peters.
On Sunday lhe anniversay ofthe Oddfellows was celebrated here, the members
of Union Lodge turning out in largenum
bers and forming at the hall shortly after
2 o'clock where they were joined by visiting brethren. They then marched a-
round bringing up at thc new school
house where Rev. John Robson, B. A.
preached the annual sermon to the order.
It was an eloquent effort.
Wm Mathewson.
will deliver daily at
and during warm weather twice a day
Pure Milk from His Ranch
And also will deliver to his customers
daily Fresh Eggs, Butler, Vegetables,
Poultry, etc.
Farmers having above for sale or delivery should consult him.
Passengers carried to and from Union.
and gentlemen of Union patronized the
bazaar; and judging from the manner in
which their handome vehicles were laden
on the return journey they must have patronized it very liberally.
This Presbyterian bazaar speaks well
for lhe energy ofthe ladies ofthe chun h
It was well conducted throughout and
was quite a credit to the entire community. Although all the articles were nut
disposed of, the Manse debt was liquidated and the sum of nearly $2*50 realised
Local Brevities
George Whitman, carpenter, is at work
for Wm Lewis.
The San Mateo arrived at Union
wharf Monday.
The case ofthe Joan against the Cutch
was decided in the Joan's favor.
Adam McKelvey came to this district
in 1862 from Australia.
John Hetherington is in California.
Methodist service at Union next Sunday at the usual houra. Rev. John Robson, IJ. A. pastor.
Hugh Grant nf Valdes Island has been
appointed Collector under the Revenue
Tax Act for Say-ward district
Joseph McPhee left last Friday for a
business trip to Vancouver.
The Rev. Mr. McRae of Nanaimo
came up on the Joan on Wednesday 10
accompany his wife'who had been visiting
in the family of the Rev. Mr. Fraser -if
Sandwick)on her return.
The new fence in front of McKim's
new residence is quite an improvement.
The design and finish are alike commendable. Mr. j. W. McCann is doing
the job.
F. C. Hoiden of Ames Holden Si Co'y
of Montreal, Winnipeg, and Victoria,
boot and shoe house, paid this district a
business visit last week.
For Sale.���Pure Brown Leghorn hens
also eggs for hatching. Price $1,50 per
setting of 13. Apply to Mrs.David Pickles, Denman Island.
For SALE.��� One horse wagon,
bolster springs, wilh seat and box. Enquire of D. Stewart or this office.
Comerford, of Morgan & Comerford.
the popular Nanaimo tailors is expected
up on the steamer to day. Now U your
chance for spring suits.
Auction Sale.
I will sell nt auction at 2 p. m. on
Thursday May the 4th instant
at the premises of N. Lambert, in Courte
nay, 1 Cow and a Teaming Outfit.
��#"The��B MUST be sold. ' Terms to suit
purchasers, .;  ���
W. Cheney, Xuctionetr.
. ^__
Real Estate Snaps.
For sale in acre and half acre lots
prairie land of best quality, situated on
thc Tsolum River and within a mile and
a half of Courtenay. Railway survey close
tc it. Splendid shing and hunting near
by. Apply at this office or toW.E.Harn.
stonon the premises for price  and terms
A Good Cart
for sale at $50.   Enquire of
R. Grant & Co.,Union.
R. Grant & Co of Union. B. .C
have 26 tona of good potatoes
for salt.
The Bazaar a Success.
Tuesday, the 25th of April, was a gala day in this community, not only nn account of it being the first fine day of the
season but being the day on which the
grand baiaar was held in connection with
the Ladies Aid Society ofthe Presbyterian church.
The weather was all that cduld be desired and so was everything pertaining to
the bazaar. The ante-room ofthe church
presented a verv brilliant appearance, indeed. There was a rare profusion of use-
ful,fancy and ornamental articles, candies
fruits, etc.,exposed for sale.
Among the rare aud curious things we
ohnerved a very peculiar Japanese jar
which would be an object of astonishment at the Chicago Exhibition; also a
tasteful ornamental and original son of
table of the rattan pattern made of cord
and plush, evidently the work of a genius,
very probably our Comox genius There
were two beautiful oil paintings which
were the admiration of all beholders,
which according to current report were
the handiwork of an estimable lady artist of Union.
The various members of the society
presided during the afternoon and evening at the several stalls, and were kept
busy from three in the afternoon until 11
p. m., waiting upon their numerous eager
In the *��ody of the church a somewhat
different scene was enacted: there the
refreshment tables were served laden with
a rich profusion of tempting viands and
the ladies in attendance were busily engaged throughout the evening in supplying the wants of their numerous guests.
As might have been anticipated the
whole affair was quite a success. The
attendance was large, the eniire district
was largely represented, and every one
seemed to enjoy the occasion. We noticed that quite a number of the ladies
Hornby Indignant-
Hornby, April 25th.��� Editor NEWS;
I noticed some time ago in one of your
papers a piece stating that thc SS. Comox was more accomodating than the
SS. Joan, and you afterwards published n
piece stating that it was not so. Now M r
Editor, so far as Honby Island is concerned, the first statement is the correct one, for 1 assure you that it is scant
accomodation we get from the Joan.
The SS. Coquitlam called ai Point Phipps
this (Tuesday) morning for frieght and
one passengers, and came and took a
ton more off the wharf here. Wehad tn
leave half a ton on the beach, not being
able to take it all at once in the two bonis
available. And when told about it, the
answer was, "all right, we'll wait while
you go and get it." And this on the
strength of a few words written in pencil
on a piece of news paper and sent to Comox by an Indian on Monday night.Why
sir.they get better accomodation on Valdes, Reed and Cortes )slands,places only recently settled, than we do. You
should have been here on Fiidav morning, and seen thc long faces and heard
the expressions used when we saw the
Joan going past.
It makes us wish for the old days, and
such men as Captain Holmes and Cap'.
Rudling, pioneers that knew the wants of
pioneers, and could sympathize with them
Of course we cannot help the weather, but
it is not always bad weather. Formerly
it was because we had no wharf; then the
"Isabel" was too slow; and now, aye no-v?
That is what we want tn know. More a*
non on this subject as I am afraid I have
already tresspassed too far on your space.
Geo. Hratherbe.l.
Hornby Happenings.
April 25th.��� Some ofthe farmers here
have nearly finished putting in their crops
The energetic Mr. J. E. Cummings will
have his all in, in a day or two, and notwithstanding the unusual late spring Mr.
George Ford, our worthy postmnster, has
been using rhubarb, a foot in length for
three weeks at least.
Mr. George Howe was a visitor a
Hornby last week, returning on Wednesday.
Mr. Peter De La Cruze, the industrious
dusky settler of Deep Bay took a trip to
Union on the Joan last Wednesday on
Mrs. J. Fletcher and Mrs. H.Thame*
of Qualicum paid the island a visit- last
The settlers were quite indignant last
Friday at the non-arrival ofthe SS. Joan,
the weath( r not being rough. Even a canoe could have safely passed over the waters. No reasons why the steamer did
not come were given or are known. The
consequence is that no mail was delivered,
and the much looked for Courtenay N i:\vs
is not yet to hand.
The steamer Coquitlam on its way tn
Vancouver on Tuesday called taking^ev-
eral tons of farm produce to that city,and
as a passenger Mr. Thomas Williams,
oar Road Commissioner.
Mr. D. L. Herbert isexpectcd to arrive
from England about June.
TMBttz. v- v, \
Music as a Substitute for Medicine-
Tlu- movement for using music Instead of
;.-��� In ii'-iny complaints, t-specially in
nervous oases, i.- rapidly ejiiiuini"* 8trciif-th
iu London. Ab its head is the "Guild of
St. Cecelia," which litis fur its objects : (I
To test, by I rials m-ulu in a large number of
casus-if illness, the power ��f soft music tr
induce calmness of mind, alleviation of pair
and sleep, r-'i To provide a large uumb-ai
of specially trained musiofaua, who shall he
in readiuetis to answer promptly tho sur
moua of a physician. ['..) To provide
large hall in a central ���������irt of London,
which music shall ho given throughout
nil hours of the ilay and night, this
music io lie conveyed by telephone at
tached to certain wards in oaeli of the chief
London hospitals. The question as to
whether or not music should bo regarded as one of the remedial agents upouwhlsh
physicians can confidently rely has heen
dlsouBseJ hy Dr. Blackmail in iho Midi-
��� id Magazine. He maintains lhat the effect of music is transmittal by a reflex ac>
lion on iho nerves which govern tho supply
of blood. The blood vchscIb are thua dilated, and thc blood flow*- more freely und the
sense of warmth is Increased. Hy increased
blood supply nutrition ia efTeotedj there*
fore, for tho improvement of health, which
donends upon nutrition, tho musician in uu
luulsponsaula ally of the physician, Dogjel
a lltiBaiaa physician, in olassifylug, after
numerous experiments, the phyalologioal
ofTects of music, shows that It exhibits a
marked influence on the clrontaliort of tho
blood, and theme aud fall of iho blood
pressure. Thoanllon of musical tones on anl
inula and mon oxnrosses itself for tbo most
part by inoroasotifrequency of tho beRts of
iiu'lieari. ThevarlatioiiBIn tliooiroulatlon
coitBonueilL upon musical sounds coinaidti
with changes in thohteathlng, though they
may also lie obaervod quite independently
of it.   Tho variations in tlm blood pressure
aro dependent on the pitch and loudness of
the sound and on tho tono color. In tbo
variations of lhe blood prossiiro thc peculiar-
it it-.-oi tholndlvidlialB, whether men or lower
animals, arc plainly apparent; and even in
tlouality in the case of man bas some eircet.
Tho practical elToatoI tho operations ol tho
Cecelia Guild has been thai, music produce*1
general tranquillity, and Bout over .in per
cent, of the patlonta to sleep. In on--, infirm-
aiy in ��even out of ten patients tlio cITcct
of iho music waa to reduce the temperature
and also tha pain from which they Buffered,
An attractive remedy for 1113011111111, is suggested by Or. I Mat-It mini iu the shape of a
musical box worked by an electric motor.
Bvotl non-011 tlitisiasts now couccdo that
much may bo done in alleviating the pain
and Buffcringsol the sick in hospitals by
tbo judicious employmout of music.
A Mew Ouro for Consumption.
Tho Introduction o( thc antiseptic treatment of wounds by Sir Joseph Lister is still
a mutter of modern history, and the enormous advantages which have accrued from
the use of carbolic acid in surgical dress-
Ings, mid the l-lc���iii*.'-; which have followed
ou Ida successful method of preventing the
putrofaotion of wounds' are universally  aa
Knowledgod,   Tlio idea of utilizing antiseptic-- in luiio disease bas  not' hitherto,  however, been reduced  to a practical system.
I).-. J. J. llaitnctt has just made public bis
new method of treating pulmonary consump-
tion by the inhalation of antiseptic dry air,
combined with a rational system of hygiene
and special diet.   The merit of thia system
is  mainly duo  to the clover way in which
the   latest discoveries of other scientists
havo been sifted and reduced to practice by
its author.     Tho failures of the past are
lucidly and impartially explained. Ur.Hart
nett shows why Inhalations of steam or spray
as means of conveying medicaments to the
respiratory tracls have proved uacleas iu
their relation to pulmonary consumption ;
he points tc the dangers attendant on tho
treatment of Prof. Koch, and why it failed
in practice * and he alio refers to tlio lamentable results which followed on the obi
system of treating consumption by moans of
expectorant   and   other   mixtures   which,
though taken Into tho stomach, never readied lhe lung cells, the real seat of the disease.
following up thoso arguments, and clearly
explaining   thc nature of the bacilli���tbe
living germs which cause tbe disease���and
tho peculiar products known to scientists
as toxlnes, which they excrete, Dr.Hartnott
goos  on to  describe how these   toxlnes,
which are thrown off by tho bacilli in tbe
lungs, are tho poisons which, when they arc
absorbod Into tho system, are the real cause
of   thc symptoms peculiar to   pulmonary
consumption.   To destroy the bacilli in the
lutlgs, as  well as llie loxines they excrete,
tho patients aro submitted to a system of
constant Inhalation of dry air, charged to
tho fullosl oxtont with volatile ex trials distilled from tbo Alpine pine, tlio eucalyptus
globulus, or Australian gum   tree, beech,
creosote, monthol, und other preparations
of a highly volatile nature and known as
aiitisoptlo; that is to say.   they havo tho
power of destroying bacteria op low forms
of animal life, and of oxidizing tho products
which   ihey   throw off.    The method   of
effecting this purpose is highly ingenious.
The instruments used aro of three kinds,
Tho first is an apparatus composed of filtering and medicating ulides, with a fan and
elect tic tool or, which charges the inhalation
clumbers   with the volatile antiseptic essences.    The second is a compressed dry-air
inhaler, devised for the purpose of homo in-
halations, so lhat patients can sit for hours
daily blowing a constant blast of antiseptic
air into the lungs during deep inspiration.
The t bird is a neat emit rivaiuc in llie Form of
apookel  Inhalor, shaped like a cigar, by
which tboao convalescent, or not Buffering
very acutely, can keep up the Jnhalation��
out of doors, or when attending to their
ordinary avocations. The elleets of the
treatment are said to bo very marked.
After eight or ton days the patient loses the
feeling of lassitude and depression from
���vbich consumptive Invalids usually suffer,
the expectoration diminishes, the cough
soon Buusidos, and there are cases now on
record of persons who are absolutely free
from every sign or symptom of lung trouble
and in the enjoyment of good health, who
were but a short time ago considered hope*
hs ly Incurable cases of consumption.
One of tlio greatest recommendations of thfl
System IB tllttt It ts perfectly safe, and can
not harm tho must delicate constitution.
Special chaiiib-'is are HOW tilted up, charged with tbedry mil inept ic air, in which pa-
tlontsslt forboursdaily. In lhe aeinhalation
chambers there is artificially produced
whul'iiutore does on a large scale In the
pine ami eueiilyptiis forests, and it is mi iu
disputable fact that patients suffering from
Consumption do bettor amid such h 11 r round
Inge, where the disease is never met with,
Ihan they do under any oilier climatic conditions. A large proportion of eases recover iu the eucalyptus groves of Australia,
and in the pine woods of Colorado and
lltitish Columbia.
alcoholic drinks arc concerned, but the
whole country is perpetually in a state of
S'*nii-intoxication on coffee, men, women,
and children alike, and to balnea in arms it
fid from a spoon. It is a common guying
among Pru/Uians, tliut coffee to bo good
must be aa ' black as night- bitter aa death,
and hot aa hell," and at all bonis of the day
and night, in season and out, everybody literally gu/zlcs it���made according to the
proverb. The effect is plainly apparent in
trembling hands, twitching eyelida, 1111
my-hued akin, and a chronic state of ni
ous excitability worse than that produced
by whiskey. Are you overheated in thu
noonday nun or chilled hy the dews of the
evening ; arc you wearied or blue, or suffering from bodily pain or homesickness ;
coffee is thu Iba/iliau's unfailing panacea,
as the Chinese turns to bis opium, and the
toper to hia toddy. It ia brought to your
bedside tbe instant you are awake in tbe
morning, uud just before you arc expected
to drop off to sleep at night, at uioala and
between meals, uml whenever a caller cornea
111 -iii way.*i black us night, bitter as death,
and hot ua aheol. Connected witb each of
the theaters is a garden or cufe, to whicli
the people repair butwecn every act to par
taku of ices, confcctiuiiury, wines, and coffe,
of course."
What Causes Gray Hair-
"lirayhair is so common now,"' said a
hutltcr the other day "that ouo wonders
what it cornea from. Voting men have 11 in
profusion, undyoiitig women are very proud
when Ihey have a coiffure in which gray
bas a prominent part. I attribute the pre
aleuceof gray hait-to frcijiient cutting and
soap. The doctors speak of inherent tend
ancles, ami obi women gabble of cafly piety.
but Soap  mid tbe  barber  do more toward
taking color Mid Btreugth out of hair than
anything else
" The singeing of hair is done to prevent
Liu- oils from exuding from thc ends of
clipped hairs, ami fiiigciug is in this regard
better. Hut ammonia-loaded soaps aro the
worst factors. Many persons use ammonia
when washing their head, and it enters into
all shampoo mixtures. It is also an ingredient of most soaps. Il dries up the sculp
und robs the hair of all its moisture. That
ia where the inostof the gray bait* >t to-day
comes from."
Rcsist-uie.: to Gold-
The death of a centenarian Italian in
Norfolk town tho other day, whose
checkered life-history included service in
Napoleon's "Urando Armeo" during thc
disastrous Russian campaign of is\-J, tecalls
attention to thc fact that of all that host
tho Neapolitan coiiLingent, 10,000 strong,
withstood the cold and privation much
better thau the other divisions, recruited
as these mainly were from Northwestern
and Central Kurope. So Interesting and
unexpected was this phenomenon, put on
record by Huron Larrey, head of Napoleon's
army medical staff, that tho physiologists
and hygienists of the Lime hazarded many
explanations of it���explanations revived
und checked during the Crimean campaign
forty years ago, when again thc Italian
regiments of tlio allied forces wero found to
Giiffer less from thc Russian winter than
thoir French or even British comrades.
Thc view taken  of the  fact   was   this
That the Julians, burn and  reared  in thc
sunny south, retained so much " caloric" in
their systems that their suppiy of it continued long after their fellow soldiers from  lest
favored climes have used up theirs.    In support of this the experience of other Italians
was invoked who, us teachers or artists, had
settled in English or Scottish ed ucational can
trcs, and whoso power of   weathering thc
first northern winter was much greater than
during thc second and third, by which time
it was contended, their supply of " caloric"
was exhausted mid they were fain to have
recourse to the creature for comforts which at
lirat they bad a p ositive repugnance.   Australian colonist:! and unglo-Jmiian officer*.
on their return to tho mother country, cited
their experience in   a similar   sense,   and
Claude Bernard's "Cbalcui- Anlmft!o"(1878)
came afterward to translate those  popular
inductions   into   scientific   language.     No
lotibt during those Russian campaigns lhe
Italian troops, new to such a climate and to
such winters, felt tho keenly oxygenated
air as a stimulating restorative influence
rather than as a depressing   one, ami   all
through thcscvcral weeks of their subjection
to tho novel conditions the " systemic response" to theso declared itself in a heal production considerably in excess of   the   heat
loss. Tho r[neation, of course, arises, Could
that    " systemic   response" continue    at
ita maximum   of   force   the second   win
ter?    Experience answered in the  negative
and tbo testimony of Italian civilians resident in the Uritish Isles, as well as of the
Australians   and  Anglo-Indians aforesaid,
points tu tbo   same conclusion.    Onc clement in the explanation of the phenomenon,
however, must not be ovorl tokeil, and that
is tho greater temperance of the southern as
compared with the northern European.    To
the loi iner   -and this was especially marked
in the disastrous retreat from Moscow���tho |
abuse, or even the sparing use,  of alcohol
was all but unknown.    This abstinence put
thc Italians at a mighty advance over the
northern soldiery, who, as Sir Walter Scott
has placed on vivid record, (low  Lo cognac
or Vodkl  win-never they could get  at it,
and considered  themselves  happy  if they
could purchase "somo hours of insensibility
by Intoxicating liipiors.
Then, again, Italians in general and Neapolitans in particular, inured to the scantiest meals of macaroni and salad, felt thu
starvation diet of the forced marches much
less than their French or Tin-tonic comrades.
Th�� aamo must also be said in tho matter of
clothing���the Neapolitans, even in abnormally culd winters, contenting themselves
with an artificial warmth in raiment and
fuel much below that to which tho northern
races nre accustomed.
Another Sew England Syndicate Loukini:
fur Incorporation,
A II difux, despatch says : -Thero has
been introduced Iu tlio Legislative Council
a bill to Incorporate a new coal company, to
' newn aa thc Boston and Nova Scotia
Railway and Coal Company. Tlib bill was
read a lira I time and sent to committee.
The new company is a aomewbat similar one
to the Whitney syndicate, und is composed
almost entirely of Hoaton and New England capitalists. The new company have
acquired   valuable caul areas in Inverness
onnty, ('ape Breton island, known ai the
Broad Cove mines. On account ol poor
shipping facilities very little work has been
done at these mines, and tbo new company
quietly bought up the property for a comparatively small tiguro.
Broad Cove is ll* miles from the Govern*
ment hue of railway. Tho Dominion Gov*
ernment has voted 355,000 subsidy for the
building uf the road to Broad Cove, nud the
locul Government has offered a subsidy of
$3,200 per mile for tho same work. This
road w<ll tap the Government lino at
Orangeville. Four charters hnvc already
been granted for the company to build this
road, hut so fur nothing haa been dono.
The now company proposes to commence
uctivn operations at once at the mine*, and
also slut-t tbe construction ol Lhe road us
aoou ua the bill passes thu Legislature,
(ileal. Improvements will Ihi made to Broad
Cove, and a ni earner will bo placed on tho
route to Boston to carry coal. The new
company expect to soli a targe part of their
output iii New England and tho remainder In Canada. Thu coal from these
mines is said to bo superior for steam purposes. The bill will lie vigorously opposed
by lhe Inverness and Richmond Hallway
Company, who claim certain franchises in
omifctioii witb (lie properties.
UofFeo Drunken"lesa-
Tho idea thai tea and codec are harmless
Btimulauts, or oxbllarants, as poetically
but untruthfully exprossod In the lines of
Coleridge, " The cup that cheers but not
inebriates," is probably responsible far more
than any Other for llie wide-spread employs
merit of these drugs, which thephysiologi
Woll knows are possessod of an active print
otplo for mora potent as an Intoxicating-
agent than is alcohol. Indeed, wo havo
often asserted, and we believe upon good
grounds, that a cup of strong tea or coffee
is capable of produving a higher degrco of
intoxication than an cijiiul quantity of lager
boor 1 that is, a smaller number of oups of
strong tea oroofloo would be required to
render a person thoroughly Intoxicated than
would be require.I of lager beer.
Tiie following account of coffee drunkenness in South America, from the pen of
Fanny B< Ward- wo quote from a contemporary journal : ���
"I have often heard i' remarked that
there is no drunkonitoss in BraidI, but ihe
Statement is untrue, not, perhaps, so far as
wimt 11 Frenrh Bfallstfclan Says* win be
Hern on I'urlli In '.'.OW lenrn.
A French statistician who has linen studying the military und other records with a
view of determining the height of men at
ilifferenl periods, haa readied some wntiil'"*-
ful resullH.
Hu haa not only solved some perplexing
problems in regard tothe past of tho human
race, but ia also enabled lo circulate its
fuuiroaud to determine the exact period
when mail will disappear from the earth.
The recorded fuels extend over nearly
three centuries.
His found that iu 11110 thn average
height of man in Kurupe was 1,7(5 nu-tres.or
say "1 feel II Incites, In ITlKi it was 0 feet (1
inches.    In 1820 It Wn* 8 feet "1 inches and
a fraction, Ai the present time it is ."1 feet
.'(���/ inches, It is easy 10 deduce from these
figures a rate of regular and gradual decMno
iu human stature, and then apply this,
working backward and forward to the pasL
and to thu future. By this calculation it is
determined that the stature of the first men
attained tho surprising average of KJfeotH
Truly thoro wero giants on thu earth in
those days, Tho race had already deteriorated in the days of Og, nud (���oliath was a
quite degonorato offspring of thc giants.
Coming down to later time, wo find that at
tho beginning of our era tho average height
of man was !) feel, ami in the tiincof Chnrle*
magna it waa S foots inches. But thc
most astonishing result of this scientific
study comes from thu application of Iho
same inexorable law of diminution tothe
future. The calculation shows that by tho
year 1000 A.J), the stature of   tbe average
From " New Orleans Cur Southern Capital."
(By Julian Italpli in Harper's Mitgaslno for
The Louisiana lo'.tory being legalized,
tickets are openly displayed in tho shop
windows, uud are sold on Lhe sidewalks by
mon, women nud children. Onc storu for
the sale of thoso tickets boars such a legend as this on its sign: This is lucky
Number Eleven. Moro winning tickets sold
here than anywhere else in town.
There was a drawing while 1 was in the
city,mid knowing that the lottery company
was not to ask for a renewal of ils privileges,! availed myself of tbo opportunity to
witness its chief public operation and tin-
historic characters who have been induced
by largo salaries to figure tor it. Tbo drawing took plice in a theatre culled the
"Academy uf Music," at eleven o'clock in
lhe morning. 'I lie yellow gas-jots battled
feebly with the daylight in Lho lobby into
which the people were pressing without let
or qualification, The theatre was two-thirds
full at last. On tho stage, set with a parlor
scene, was a knot of men between Llie wheels
Thc wheel nn the right was a band of silver,
with aides of glass and with a door iu the
metal rim. A bushel of little black guttapercha envelopes the size of dominoes bad
been poured into this wheel, and a white
boy, blindfolded with a handkerchief,
stood at the handle of the crank by which
the wheel waa turned. He had one arm in
Lho door of Lho wheel, and will) the band of
tie other arm was offering a tiny envelope to
lien, Beauregard���- the last surviving general who served on either side in our late
war. A tine, most, gentlemanly-looking
man ho is, with thc features of u French
courtier, with snowy hair, awhile moustache, a li-tie goatee, und tlio pinkest
skin u baby ever knew. He was faultlessly
dressed. Across thc stage, beside a very
much larger wheel of particolored boards,
sat Major-General Jubal A, Early���a perfect typo of Lhe conventional figure of Father
Timo ; tall, portly, stoop-shouldered,
partly buhl, and wilh a long, heavy,
whilo bcurJ. He was dressed in all the
Color of the uniform be distinguished by his
lor as a soldier.
Hy oach general stood a blindfolded boy,
taking numbers out of tho wheels, and handing them to thc generals. From tbo big
wheel to Major-General Early came Lhe
numbers of the tickets ; from the littio wheel
to (iuneral Beauregard came the number of
tollars that formed the prize each ticket
hud won. By each general Blood a crier.
Early rend out, " Twenty-one thousand one
hundred uud fifty-two" ; and Beauregard,
having shelled the gutta-pcrcba caso oil' a
billot, road out, "Two hundred dollars."
Then tho criers took tho billots and cried
tho numbers, *'T\vciiLy-ono thousand one
hundred and fifty-two from one j "Tov
hundred dollars" from the other, who, by
thc-way, called out low hundred dollars at
least lew hundred limes. Hut al) the prises
were not of Umt amount, I chanced lo hear
ihe capital prize rend out.
" Twenty-eighL thousand four hundred
I and thlrty-niniv'said Early. " three bun-
I drud thousand dollars," said Beauregard.
The elleet waa startling ; indeed thc
startled senses icfusod to grasp thn meaning of tho words. The criers repeated tbo
figures, Tho peoplo iu tho theatre craned
forward, u hundred pencils shot over puds
or bits of paper in men's nud woman's laps,
then a murmur of voices sounded all over
Lho house. Thc routine of thc stage was
bulled, for the crjers took the Lwo bits of
paper to some c'.orks who sat at tables in
the further part of lhe slage, to allow them
to verify thu important figures. Then the
routine begun anew.
A D-'tnt-iic-l Piece urine Continent Bald lo
���MHo-flUng lu 'lnt Ocean.
Unles-i the latest news of the drifting island iu tlio Athnlic has failed to reach us,
nothing bas been heard of tho remarkable
mass of earth, roots, and verdure since it
was sighted on September 10 last. At that
timo this bit oi the New World seemed
destined to addatrille to lhe area of the
Old. It was far north mid east, and, 000*
sidering Its limited experience in navigation,
was making good progress toward Kurope.
It is probable, however, that lhe October
storms tore it  to pieces und scattered its
fragments over the ocean floor.
Several mouths ago some information
about thia remurkablu sailor wna given,
HeportB as to ita size, printed soon after ils
discovery, seem to have been exaggerated.
The mass was aaid to have an urea of ubout
two acres. We have no reason, to believo,
however, that it was soon beforo July 28,
when it appeared to ho nearly Bfiuaro in
outline, with a length of about a hundred
and ten foet on each side, which would Rive
it an area of leas thmi a third of an acio,
At Lhat time it was nearly iu the longitude
ofthe Bermudas und the latitude of Wilmington, Del, It was in the centre of tbo
Gulf Stream, a muss of earth thickly covered with tropical grain and hushes, wbose
roots apparently held it tcgether. The
mass was elevated above thu general level,
in one part, until tbe hushes that crowned
it wero thirty feet above the sea, H was in
plain view at. a distance ni seven [tllloi.
Nearly a month Inter lhe HouLing island
was seen again. It wus August 1(1, and the
Gulf Stream had carried it a liltlo north of
thu latitude of Boston. It was smith of
Newfoundland, wus approaching the Grand
Hanks, and was in (bu track of trausatlan
tic travel, Morn than two weeks later, 01
September 18 and It, two vessels cami
across the wanderer. There was a heavy sea,
and lhe traveller from tho tropica was having a hard time or It. Thu (bating mass
was not, howovor, demolished by tho violence of tbo waves, for it was suen again 01
September 111. It was then in the lutitmb
of Caps Breton Island, wus northwest of
thc Azores, and nlinost in mid-ocean. Il
has not been reported since, ami probably
failed to reach Kurope, From lho first lo
ttio lust reports, this waif from tropical
America certainly travelled 1,07*1 mib
and its total journey may haV) been at
least twice that distance.
Floating islands are not a novelty, l'arls
ot large river bunks, particularly within
the tropi-js, aro sometimes torn away, carrying not only a groat mass of vegetation, but
also iiisecLs and reptiles, hundreds of miles
down strcnm, These lloating masses are a
verycoininon oeeurreuci in Lhe river Plato
of South America. Floating islands aro
also observed at sea now and then, but we
arc not aware that tbey have ever beforo
boon reported at so great a distance from
land, or lhat they bav-* been found hitherto
in tli9 northern track of translantic com
incrce. The island whoso progress over thfl
ocean bus just been iraced for a remarkable
distance, suggoi Is au idea that is of great
interest to geographers and geologists.
Thc facl that many close or complete resemblances were found to exist between the
fossil and living tlora and fauna of parts of
the earth that arc separated by great oceans,
has long been regarded aa evidence that
theso widely severed regions were once connected by a land bridge which, th Discourse
of time, sank beneath the aea. It is welt
known that seeds enclosed in abslls not
easily penctrnhlo may float in ocean currents
tor many hundreds of miles aud produce
their kind on the foreign shores they reach:
hut scientific men have not been able to sue
how land animals and many varieties ot
plants, moat of them now known only ns
fossils, could be identically the same or
very closely allied in regions severed by
wide seas unless theso regions worb onco
connected by a land bridge.
We liiyo now undoubted proof that a little speok of land, torn from somo coast or
river bank, crowned with vegetable if not
animal life, has drifted half way across tne
ocean. It seems reasonable to suppose that
lloating islands, some of them many times
larger than tho islnnd we have described,
may have played an important pari iu the
distribution of specioa with which tbey
have not generally been credited.
Shut Up in a Coal Mine-
"Tho most horrible death of all is 1 hat of
starving," observed Osonr Christiansen, a
fuw days ago. "Thu moat vigor is lent to
it by being imprisoned in a cave or mine.
Some years ago I was working in a coal
mine near I'adna, Ohio. The distance from
the mouth down to the lirst vein, whero I
was working, was aixty-threo feet, It was
an eight foot vein, and bad heen well
worked, so that many largo chambers wero
made and plenty of space was had to move
about in. A miner's life ia rather wearisome and lonely indeed. Vou have to labor
ail day long in darkness, witb only a little
wick lamp on your cap to break tbo intense
darkness. The lifu is much loi bard for
the recompense.    Then, oiio'b life ia always
iu danger. Groat rooks are liable ami il.i
frequently fall, Kxploslvo gasus and fire,
dump are generated, and the lirst approiull
of u light sets them oil'. The mine is then
wrecked aud the miners���-woll, I wns once
caught tn a mlno wreck, and in that groat
mine at Padua. 1 was working very quietly
uway back from tho shaft of tho mine, ami
all alone. My labors were iutui'rtiptud hy a
dull, smothered roar that wua followed by
falling earth, and t hen I realizod that I wait i
panned in ; that the mine was wrecked, and
that my lifo was worth very little. The
noise b ion dlod away, and things were much
as tbey were beforu. But a little distaueo
fvom my position lho earth hnd fallen und
blocked t tic path. I was at first overcome
with fear. 1 imagined that I could hour
my brains grinding in a tunnel. Then 1
IfiBt all concimiancBs. When I awoke again
1 was somewhat more cnlui, and began to
move about. 1 crawled along, over grent
bnuks of earth that bad fallen for a distance ]
of fully 100 feet, then 1 board groans, aid
I knew I was near acuta injured miner.
Hut here my progress stopped , and I bad
to quit, A few bouts later my light
jttrned out, and then my misery was com
Did the Naronic Turn Turtle
Capt. Roberts of tho N'aronio told n
Sandy Hook pilot that tha Naronic was the
decfcst rolling ship ho had over aeon, that
she bad fro([iicnily rolled tha cuds of h
bridge in lhe water, and that he wus going
toreoommond the owners to have keels attached to hor bilges, with the hopo that it
might steady her somewhat. Besides, the
Naronic carried over four thousand tons of
freight, with a forty-ton locomotive and
some cars ou dook, and drew loss than
twenty-0110 feet of water. In thu hurried
loading of a freight ship, carrying auch a
miscellaneous cargo as she did, it ia always
a dillicult matter to get all tho heaviest dead
weight in the bottom. So long as ii is
slowed so a:, lo bring the vessel into proper
trim in the smooth water of the dock, the
officers have to be satisfied. Thero ia 110
reason to imiginc that it waa otherwise in
this case.
With tills information before us nnd none
of tho crew yet heard from, iL is our firm
belief that the Naronic "turned turtle'
upon beiiiL** struck by a heavy beam sea aud
thrown ou her heim ends. Another heavy
sea following would complete the work of
capsizing her, after which she would very
laoon till through the companion ways, sky-
tights, and ventilators. Under such eondi-
cionf* the wdatbor boats might possibly bo
cleaved by cutting the falls, which would on-
taunt for their being -lighted hy tho Coven-
ry,��� [Marino Journal.
1    ���!.**���*-   ussm
The Boy Stree t Singers of Berlin-
There aro a number of children who make
a living in Germany by singing in thostreoL
of tho cities during vacations aud during
purls of the day when they arc not in school.
I saw a clerical old man going about witti
such a choir of boys the other day. He was
dressed in a long ulster with a cape which
came down ovor his arms, and ho carried a
little singing bun!; in one haul. Ho bad
about a dozen little fellows ranging from
ten to twelve years of age, and ha marched
witb these from houso to house ami from
court to court, Stopping at each and having
thu boys sini* popular songs, while he kept
lime as their master.
There was no Instrument to accompany
thom, but the little fellows kept perfect I
time, and at thu close of the singing 01:0 of
the hoys went around with a toy bank into
Which the bystant'ers put coppers, and suoh
coins as were thrown down from tho windows he picked up and put in.
1 followed this old man and Ins choir
through several of their concerts, and I wafl
much saddened by tbo look ofthe children,
Tho boys were'hollow-eyed and pale, and
they seemed to havo 110 spirit about them.
They neither smiled not laughed, and the
old man made me think in some way ef
Fagin, Lhe old -low who trained the thieves
in " Oliver Twist,"
I asked one of tho hoys as to his wages,
nnd bo told mo thut ho got V2 marks a quarter or about Is. a month.
Health Rsjaiued After   Seven Doctors
bad Failed.
Iiu* Remarknlile i:\m-rieiire or Mr. J
simer Knox -Two u-iur-v Bleep ��H Ihc
KciirlU Derives, frum St\ Weeks' Mfill
al Treulii-eul-fttrM-ue From SiinVrlii;-.
Came after lbs Docior* hud pronounced
Ills rail- llii-jirl-'ss.
Norwood Register.
The readers of Thfl Register will remcin
bcr having read iu this paper dining trie
early part of last year of tho very serious
'Hues'* of Mr. John Slater Knox, who lives
ou lot -.!���), in ihe .'ird concessiou nf Asphodel
township. Tbey will remember bow in
January, 1802, Mr. Knox was stricken down
with la grippe, how from a man of 185
pounds lie fell away iu tlcsh in a few short
weeks until be was a mere skeleton uf bis
former self, weighing only 12) pounds ;
how he was racked with tho most excruciating piiu ; how he longed lor de ith to relieve
him of his suiforing; how lio consulted
dietors near and far, uml how Ihey failed to
successfully diagnose liisbaso. In fact thoy
confessed their ignorance of bis malady and
said he could not recover. Hut so much for
tho profession. Mr. Knox is alive to-dny.
Hu has recovered his wonted vigor and
weighs ISI) pounds, and bis inuny friends
in Norwood look upou him in wonder. Of
course Mr. KltCX is questioned on every
hand nliout Ins recovery, as to
what magic inlliiunce hu owes his increase
iu tlcsh, and his answer lo each Interrogation is "Ur. Williams' I'ink Fills
did it," and hu is never too busy to
extol lhe merits of this now world famous
remedy. Thia is what he said tu a reporter
���>f Iho Norwood Register tbo other day
when asked abo it hia illness and his wonderful euro :��� "I will tell you all about it. In
January, 1802, I bad lu grippe, which was
prevalent at that time. It nettled into
pains iu ihe calves of tny legs. 1 was drawing lumber at tho time and thought it was
caused by sitting ou thu load and allowing
tny legs tn hang down. I consulted
doctor in Lho matter, who told inu it was
rheumatism. Hu treated ine, but did me
no good ami 1 kept getting worse daily.
Altogether 1 hail seven doctors in attendance, but none of them seemed to know
what my ailment was. Somo said it was
rheumatism others that my nerves wero
diseased, one said locomotor ataxia, and
another inllainmatinn of the spinal cord,
another itillnmmution of Lho outer lining of
the spinnl cord, and still another said neuralgia of the nerves. 1 did not sleep for
six weeks and no drug administered by the
medical men oould deaden tha pain or make
me slumber. I will just say this : at tho
end of that lime somo narcotic administered mado me doze fora couple of hours, and
that was all lho relief 1 received from
thodiciplesof Fsculnpius. Tbey said that
I could 110L recover, and really 1 had given
up hope myself. My paiu was so intense I wanted to die to bo relieved of my
suffering* From a weight of 181 pounds 1
hnd dropped to 120. 1 was a skeleton compared with myself. J had often read in
The Register of Dr. Williams' I'ink Fills,
but did not think of taking tlio remedy.
About this timo my father purchased
soinu from Dr. Moli'att, druggist, Nor*
wood, and bringing thom tome requested
1110 lo take them. They remained in thu
house perhaps a couple of weeks bofore I
commenced taking thom, and then I must
cintess I had not much faith in their efficacy, lb-fore 1 hnd finished taking the
first box 1 felt a little better, and when
taken two boxes I was convinced that tho
I'ink Pills were doing mo good ; in fact
that they were doing for 1110 what seven
doctors hail failed to do���they were effect*
ing n cure. 1 felt so much bolter after
having taken three boxes of l'ina Fills that
I ceased taking them, but 1 bad not fully
recovered and had to resume, and I theu
continued, taking thom until now I am us
halo a man as you will meet in a day's
travel. I nm positive that this happy
result has been brought about by the
use of Or. Williams'Fink Fills. 1 rocom-
muud them to my neighbors and my friends
ns I am thoroughly convinced of their
groat curative properties. Thero is a ease
a short distance from iny place nl a man,
who has been a cripple for somo time, recovering after taking eight boxes of Fink
Fills. In December last 1 could only
manage to lift a bag of oats, now I can
toss a bag of peas onto a load with ease.
Isn't tha!, gaining strength? At ono period since I began Inking Fink Fills 1 gain*
oil thirty pounds in six weeks. To-day
1 feel as well as 1 ever did in my life. I
have been skidding logs in the bush all
winter and can don day's work wi'h any
of them, I believe it iny duty tossy a
good word fur Dr. Williams' Fink Fills
whenever I can."
"1 hear you aro making preparatlotlito
build tt house, Mr. Knox," said the report-
Yes," replied Mr. Knox laughingly, 'I
am about building a house and burn, which
I think will demonstrate that I am trying
to enjoy my renewed lease of life." Calling
on Dr. Moffatt, druggist, lho Register reporter asked him if ho knew of Mr. Knox's
ease, and that that gentleman ascribed bis
cure to the use of Dr. Williams'Fink Pills."
Vns," replied lho doctor, " 1 havo been
talking to Mr. Knox and Ml is certainly a
most remarkable cure. lint speak ing of Dr.
Williams' Fink Pills reminds mo of the
wonderful sale they are havingiii and about
Norwood. I buy a hundred dollars' worth
at a time und my orders ure not fow. 1
sell moro Tink Pills than any other medicine and alwnys bear good reports of them,"
Dr. Williams' Fink Fills arc a perfect blood
builder and nerve restorer, curing such diseases  as  rbciimalism,   neuralgia,   partial
Frr eight days I   remained quite
man will be reduced to 1 flinches " At that 1,,ulir tlmt ono s,10t- ���'npingagainst hope f< r  eaule belonging to both Portuguese subject
epoch thero will bo only Liliputi'ans on th- ' ���*.'>������ wraneA    It come eventually.    I heaid   an!1 ��00��*.    .' ho  Portuguese auLhoriliei
iiith.    Ami the conclusion   of the learned
statistician is Irresistible*  that "theend
of the world will  certainly   arrive, for tlio
inhabitants will have become hu small   that
ihey will finally disappear"���"flniih by j
disappearing," us the French idiom ox*I.,
presses ii���"from tbo terrestrial globe,"
Doctor-��������� My good woman, 'dors yonr
son always StllttOl ." Mother-���" Nol always, sir. Only when he attempt! to
A Hottoctot Kaitl audita Result*
A party of about 70 Hottentots raided
thu Portuguese territory near   Huniputu,
whore there is n   Poor settlement,   in thu
early part of last month and carried away
cattle belonging to both Portuguese subjects
,lly.    I'heatd   ���**���������?*- I-111-'1''*-     Tho   Portuguese  authorities,
the sound of picks and soon lhe glimmer of I *J0-nB apprised of this, sent up a small force
miners' lamps shone through the various ���*���*** intercept the Hottentots' and recover tlio
crevice.".   When an opening was made I J "-'atOo.    A Ijoor farmer,  howovor,   of the
crawled out, and   ] assure you lhat 1 gave |im,lie ��J Roberts, who had suffered a leas o|
'luukc Yas, that's why people say that 11 caltlo in this raid, did not wait for the
10k ohlnow, when lam only B5, and that is ' J ortuguoM. but, taking 11 mon with film,
why my hair is gray. But I assure you J followed the Hottentots to the Cunono
that an aged express-ion and grav hair are "Ivor, nnd there attacked Ihem, killing ;{,')
endurable, but to starve to death in amino and wuiturmii 7 of their number. Tho rest
is ihe awfulost ami deadliest way to beat I ��' tj10 Hottentots escaped. Roberta movents man's existence in ibis world that I o��d 00 head of cattle. The Portuguese nr-
can conceive of," j "Ved on the scene six days afterwards,
paralysis locomotor'ataxia, St. Vitus' dance,
nervous headache, nervous prostration and
thu tired feeling arising therofrnm, the aftor
effects of lagrippo, intlucn/aandstverecolds,
diseases depending on humors in the blood
such ub scrofula, chronic erysipelas, etc.
Fink Pills give a hcalthylglow to paleiiml s:il
low complexions, and arc a specific for Liu
troubles peculiar to lhe fount Ie system, and
in the cast of men thoy effect a radical cure
in all cases arising from mental worry, over
work or excesses af any na'urc."
Tliese Pills are manufactured by tho Dr.
Williams1 Medicine Company, Brockvllle,
Ont., and Schenectady, N. V., and are sold
only in boxes bearing the tirui's trade-mark
und wrapper, at 50 cents a box or six boxes
for $2,50. Rear in mind that Dr. Williams'
l'mk Pills are never sold in bulk, or by the
doi-.cn or hundred, and any dealer who otters substitutes in this form is trying io do-
fraud you nnd should be avoided. TllO public aro also cautioned against all other so-
called blood builders and ncivo Ionics, ne
matter what name may he given them, Tbey
aro all imitations whoso makers hopo lo
reap a pecuniary advantage from tho won
derfiil reputation achieved by Dr. WHIlninH
Piuk Pills.    Ask your dealer for Pink Fills
for Palo People, and refuse all imitation!
ami substitutes,
Dr. Williams' Pink Pills may bo had 0
idl druggists or direct by mail from Ihe Dr.
Williams' Medicine Company from eiihcr
address.  TllOprloost whL*h these pills are
sold makes a eourso[of treatment comparatively Inexpensive as eompared witli other
remedies or medical treatment.
Cui'OANl'T Mm'auods**. ��� Half a pound ol
(Icssteatod ooonanut- half apanud of pow
dorod sugar, the while-, of throe oggH, a
teaspoonful of extract of bitter almonds or
orango (lower water, and a cupful of dried
and sifted cracker crumbs. Drop mi buttered paper in small rounds no larger Ihan
a half dollar, and bake in a modomto oven.
Si'toR OaKbs.���A cupful of butler, a cupful of sugar, half a cupful of molasses, a
teaspoonful of soda, a teaspoonful each 0(
ground ginger, cloves, cinnamon and nutmeg, Mix witli flour enough to roll very
thin, nud cut iu small oval or round cakos.
You've tried Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription have you and you're disappointed.
Tho results are uot immediate.
Aud did ymi expect the disease of years
to disappear in a week '.' Piitapineh ot lime
very dose, Vou would not call the mill.
poor because thc cream doesn't rise in an
uourl If there's 110 water in it tho ordain ft
sure to rise. If there's a possible cuiu Dr.
Pierce's Favorite Prescription is sure to
effect it, if given n fair trial.    Vou get tbe
10 dollar il costs back again if it don't
benefit or cure you. Wo wish we could give
yon the makers' confidence. They show it
by giving tho money back again, iu all canes
not benefited, and It'll surprise you to
know how tew dollars are needed lo keep
up Iho -.elund.
Mild, gentle, soothing and healing Is Dr.
.go's Oatarrb Remedy. Cures the worst
oases permanently, Ho experimenting. It's
"Old Reliable," Twenty-live years of success,
Tbe Amazon Indians use a blowpipe with
which they throw an arrow 200 yards with
wonderful precision.
temporary flllln**, ami slops toothache Instant
iy  Sold hy iinn-i-i-i-.
Tho line of railway which was first constructed cosL ��37,808 per mile, abullt (iu
per cent, above lho estimate.
Dr. Harvey's Southern Ited Pino for
coughs and colds isthu most reliable and
perfect cough medicine in tho market. .For
sale evory where.
Wm k taken in proper doses is a good
A.P. (lot.
G. Glogcr, Dru
, Watertown,
Wis. This is the opinion of a man
who keeps a drug store, sells all
medicines, conies in direct contact
with the patients and their families,
aud knows better tliar. anyone elso
how remedies sell, and what trut,
merit they have. He hears of all
the failures and successes, and can
therefore judge: "I know of no
medicine for Coughs. Sore Throat,
or Hoarseness that had done such effective work in my
Coughs. family as Boschee'a
Soro Throat, ^"nanSyn.p. Us*
winter a lady eallea
Hoarseness, at my store, wlio was
Buffering from a very
severe eold. She could hardly talk,
and I told her about German Syrup
and that a few doses would give relief; luit she had no confidence In
patent medicines. I told her to take
a bottle, and if the results were uot
satisfactory 1 would ninke no charge
for it. ��� A few days alter she called
and paid for it, saying' that she
would never be without it iu future as
a few dosralind irivon her relief."  (9
<"**->��: nt-'v.. ii.in.
on to Ont
arln Oanoc Oo.,  (bid.
It Canoes for limiting
Uilll- Hkfl
Is,   Sail   Ho:il-,  Steam
Ktanip fm* 0 i taloiruu
ffiv wiuuia sKtmci mwm
Agontu everywhere,
t. people would have boon regularly usIiir
'Jniloi Soupi sinee 1811 (fori v-*<oven Inm*
nHflhaj had not boon aOOJJ f 'I'lio public
not. fools nud do not continue to buy -joO'ls
ISM ihey arc satisfactory,
Curat ConR*j-Hnption,Co*,5t*��,t'raii-1��,Kc-'0
Thru-it. Suid by all lhiif-ci-t-i on a Gu..rn::t,*c.
For-* Luna Siiic, liackorCii^tSlilluh'tl-oroua
Plaster wilt give grwt iati I id ion.���as ccutj;.
HaTOyoouatttrThl "> bis Uomodywlllrelievo
and t-uro ynu. i-rlcf-Siiet-1, TMj Injector lor
il.**  Qtuvessiul Ire:,'incut, five.   Hceieinbtr,
f-UiHoli'a Houiodleaaro Bold onu*vu'tn-uu*--.'
Take care that your drafts on
your physical endurance don't come
hack to you some day marked "no
funds."    Take
lo increase your energy and so make good
your account at the bank of health.
andall forms of Wasting Diseases, \
Almost as Palatable as Milk. He sure \
yon g,-t the genuine as there are poor in,
tat ions,
Prflgt^edonlyMgeH *Bfwn^Bellfl-rilk
I     i. DOAN & SON.
For Circular Address,
11 Noi'llmote Are., Torout
l_!".0!l_0 by ilili now nmi Itniirovcd
SaUsraotron guaranteed to loach Inillai
llicfilli nil uf rnHini,' nil |:;i]lni?ntrt
worn by lama, nnd children.
.uul I'.O.A.I.I
ill Trial linn i
" io*.Mkhio,i.i;
UUI���, IS! Adolnido
Am it $ mi need not)
for brenth for fenrot
Shoo Hull doe*
ii attempting loform
bmi loiiimot.orfllioo.
Wn make  our
DooU and Shoos
1.1��lt   NIKS. Iliril'lN    IMIOHH.    Illi:l.l>
<   a\i�� Ai,itm*i, writ., io William UrigK-*,
I'iiblir-lier, Toronto
WANTKH   l-adlOfl and young men to luh
work ul. their own hi-mc.-; [fCO'l ijrlfiO
Ing, Artdr
iiicturiiig Company, Lack
Kriiiutngliiiin.JbiHS. Knclo->i
Jlox   HIT,   .--'nut
Mump-*, inonUo
Mr. David M. Jordan
ofKiimestoii, N. Y,
Colorless, Emaciated, Helpless
A    Complete    Cure   by     ROOD'S
This is from Mr. D. M. Jordan, a retired farmer, and onc of tiie most respected citizens of Otsego Co,, N, Y.
" Fourteen years ngo I liud nn attack of tho
gravel, nnd have .since been troubled Willi m.;
Liver and Kidneys
gradually growing worse, Threo years ago }
got down so low that I coiiltl r-enrcei-r wnlk-
v looked more like a corpse than a living being,
hatj no nppotlto nud Tor live weeks ] itic
jioiliin-,' bin *;*'-.i*l. ) was badly emaciated
and bud no more color linn n nimble Hliilne.
Hood's S;ir,:itniill.i v.*;ni recommended tilid 1
thought 1 v/cr/M try It. llcforo 1 had llnfsheil
the first hi, mo I nol lend that I felt better, suffered less, the ii*llmi:i:*t*ti*m of lho bln-l-
der had subsided, ihc color begun tu return to
my face, and 1 began to feel hituury Aflei
I dad taken throe hotllc-i 1 could oat iinythiiig
without hurling inc. Why, I got so hungry
that I had to eat 5 time-) a day. I liavu now
fully recovered, thanks to
Hood's Sarsaparilla
I feel well uul nm well.   All who know
mo marvel to son pie s" well." I>. M. JoHOAN.
Vou win have money InyoitrpoekuU If >ou
buy yonr flrni clam Trooi of nm al -t lie corroel
prluMl c'UHjiu'io yen HiIh Spring on npnlloa-
lion. H.S. HURD.HaUou Nuraorie-i, Bm-
Hngton, Ont.
CPBt-Yoiir name
PnCC    limey COlorfl
iimilc Shading Van Ar
lleent t-luin-i for uoh|h
SON, IlOXftfe,'J'oroilt.0
U fiiiK/
Have nil tin latest Imin'oveincrJ*. Jto .-mro
uml gel one fm* youi* buggv. They ure Holler
hnn ever for JTO.	
Thokidnoys.llvor, mid
lio volaaro the avenues
th "digit which wusle
mattcr travel' from lhe
If allowed to got. Qlog-
the (Inosl Aiilo-
lhe world. Send
oiuiu'le -toi k of
���wH'.A. T1IOM1'-
Kow roady nnd mulled freetn nil npp'inanla
Carefully selcelod l-'urin mid Oardcii Heed**,
mid Sootl (li'iiln, Choice I'lowcr Soodfl, O'oan
(iniHs uml Clover Sooda, Bpoolal attention
paid to Corn for Kn-dlago-
��� In ful
glily by tl
I 1UO     ^^^^^^^
elimination    then   im
comes ���ilin-'ln  uml  o,wv
nntl the e Iiimx of henltil
nnd iii'i-iinossi aniirod,
Hond Olllco, KtngBtroo
Hranci til) Yongo Street,  Toronto.
ah druggist*, giocursmid liotolo,
Why bo troubled with p|LE8 ex.
" Wl^J-U/iJHUa when Or. CLARK'S
_ QINTMEriTnM* liniiiodinlu relief?
In tlio Mo of 1H0IISABIIS it lias proved
pesfeotly invaluable, It never Falls, even in
au-f-a of tony t-tiimllna, PRICE $1.00 at Druggist*!
."-lent by mail on receipt Of DM0S bv lulilrewlna
Have You
never fail *. IT fJUi.'ES CATARRH in the HEAD
Hood's PtLLS sin tlio beit aftor-dlunar t'liii,
'.ikl. rlIdm.1 Inn rum Iica-liu'Iiu aixi blllouincis.
Btorcq tho sen-to c. _ ,	
PULL HEADACHE experienced by all wbo
uatarrn,  One hnttlo will work wonders.
if smell, nnd driven awnv Uu
One bottle will work wonders.   )'i
GET   <f>
DC.I.i'* J&E"T W"'T IS L'SWSPl   Wl". 8ml) YOU
PlIOE. Cook -in: Imt BY MAIL, Redistereo,
ConnEDT ��hd Cheap.
���   ��� 0,mlHt.imprortl!.i.'.ralml Hoolc ���^^���.
lirip'obyiwliirefiniiiil I        CJ***B*j3h-S�� C33*.1CT*I--EW3
OUM CHEMICAL CO..na Am-iKSi.WiST. TORONTO, J Imoioal M-chihist. 134 Hmo SrtttiCtIMIITCI -**x
In the orchard the sudden burning aun is
drawing up a warm soft steam from the
moist earth, Already the walks are growing carpeted with the white and pink wealth
of the apple-trees that are now so old and
gnarled in* to be venerable.
Son f*leams nt light aro stealing shyly
through the branches, and are clinging
tenderly to the ivied walls of the ancient
gateway. Kverythiiig is ho leniirkably still
that the humming nf sotre bees iu the blos-
Bonis near sounds ridiculously loud, -uul
thu twittering of the sparrows under the
oaves almost oppressive. " A sense of
heavy harmonics" makes itself felt, anil
every moment the heat seems to grow
mora pronounced, Indeed, this April sunshine is as hot, as languorous, as though it
belonged to iu- sister of June.
Last nii-lit the ruin fell noisily, tho morning as il broke was still washed with il,
and the dawning was dull ami sorrowful;
but now it full and perfect noon ia nl, hand,
aiul tlm air scorns only tho sweeter for the
refreshing showers that deluged tho   hours
���d darkness.
Si.me straggling rose-trees that are fighting hard with  the gooHhcrry-buahoi for
room to lling wide Iheirarms nre, even thus
early, covered wilh rod bilrla) drooping
honeysucklci are making gay the gaunt old
walls, and over there in tlio little three,
cornered graU plot���lhat is the joy of Angelica's heart���a
''Itllao's olcavtng rones have burnt,
The milk-white tiowem revealing."
There is a bloating of lambs iu tlm grassy
fields below- n sound of quick life in tlio
haggard where tho vmma calves aio sorting Tn tho spasmodic n It ward fashion that
they know. A ory from the lone cuckoo
comes from tho dewy woods of ltranksmero
far, fur below. Nature has roused ns Inst
from its long rest; the world is wideawake;
a young ami happy world, growing hourly
Into a fuller beauty. Mowers are springing bbticath thu feet,
" And grace anil bcnnl v ovnrywlirro
Are llmihinuinto life."
Kvon the gray old houso itself, that looks
as if centnrius uf suns have gilded it from
time to time, kooiuh to-day to have yielded
once atfuiii to this latest Apolln.and tojiavo
grown fresher, warmer, because of his embrace
Outside lb" house indeed, all is sunshine,
Alas I inside all is gloom !
Thoy nro sitting, every one of thom, iu
the old school-room, in solemn conclave,
and in a still', though unpremeditated, circle. As a rule it is toward this rather
dilapidated apartment they always
verge when perplexed, or rejoiced, or angered about anything. .Mart-cry is silting
well forward on her chair with n little angry pucker on her pretty forehead. Angelica, a little slender maiden, with a face
that resembles her trnine, is looking distress-
cil ; Peter embarrassed ; Dick ban taken his
sleek head into his hands and is gazing
moodily at the carpet, as though bent on
piercing the ink stains 'i find thc original
pattern : lho twins, sitting side by side iu
their little dimity pinafores, are plainly
ready for open war nt a moment's notice.
"To think that aim should he coming to*
night 1" says Margery at last. Now that
Muriel has departed ihu home nest and is
away on hor wedding-tour, Margery, af>
Miss Daryl, seems to have gained a littio
in dignity. " When it was a fortnight
from us it seemed nothing���even .1 week
ugo wo could breathe! Hut now���tonight !"
"It is terrible. 1 feel half dead with
fright," murmurs Angelica, plainiivcly.
"What will she do? Send us away 1"
".Scatter us to the four corners ofthe
earth most likely. Turn us out of doors
without n penny,"
"Won't sho givo us anything to cat';"
anks one of the twins���Blanche���in au
nwe-Htricken tone. She looks at Muy
her twin sinter, who is a plump little
thing of about eight or nine, with r.
glance oi the deepest commiseration. She
herself is delicately fat- ton, and indeed
ihe children nre ho alike in all rcspecls,
that without a distinguishing mark it would
nt times bu itu|*r-ssihlo to know one from the
other. Dormer the old nurse, has sought to
solve this mystery by tho means of two
litllo Hbhons, oho white, one pink, to he
fastened somewhere on their frocks ench
morning. But what Is easier to the frolic-
Home twins than to change their beds at
night, when Dormer Is loudly snoring, and
confound by this menus their identity in
the morning*} To-day, for example, by this
���simple device, ltlauehc is May and May is
Blanche, They are ingenuous children, and
their countenances do not conceal the faot
thnt they arc iu a frame nf mind distinctly
hopeful, anything irt lhe shape of a row
being sweet to their souls,
"Not so muoh as a crust," nays Dick, the
SOoond brother, lifting.his pale student face
from his bands to gaze .it the children with
brilliant eyes, in which a quaint gleam of
mirth is always shining. " Out you'll go
xuppcrlcss. till I what a little time lies
between ynu nnd niter destitution. The
day is far spent. Soon tho night will be
horn, ami wilh it our unknown but ogreish
Bister*in-law, Poor little May and Blanche,
I pity you 1"
" It won't bo worse for us than fur ynu,"
says Blanche, indignantly. But Dick has
gone buck lo his original position with his
head iu his bands. Perhaps he is enjoying
the situation n littio !
"So odd, her never writing us a line,"
-ays Margery. " I argue from that that she
is sure to be n distinctly dillieiiltpcrson."
" But perhaps if wo��� Did any of us
���write to her '" asks Angelica, nervously.
"Certainly not I Why should wo?" demands Margery. " When first Billy wrote
to say ho wasenguged to her, wo leiniod
alio wns a person���a���a no body, in fact,
who was being paid by tWO old people (con-
s'ns or something of hers) to tako euro of
tlm u, nud considering Billy, linoo n��or papa's death, is lhe bead of the house, nud
ii us', be a baronet soum day, wc���we nat-ir-
ally thought hoshniilel have dono bolter, so
we didn't write lo her."
" And now tbo tables arc turned," says
Peter, stretching his long arms lazily,
" and she is the Cne-ms, and we thopnnr
connections. Well, 1 should think she'd
remember it all. I'm lather repentant now
wo didn't write."
"Things nro different now, of course.
Then slm was���goodness knows who���now
she proves tube General Ormoind'** tiibce,
and lias come it) for a tremendous fortune
|>y his death."
"Why couldn't Billy have given us a
hint';" murmurs Angelica. "Or, why didn't
wo write afterward?"
" Because we were ashamed," guessed
onc of the twins promptly, and Angelica is
instantly crushed.
'* Nobody is ashamed I" says Margery,
with a rather heightened color, " But we
need not waste time discussing absurdities,
The thing is that Billy and she aro coining
horo to-night from tholr honey-moon, and
that I expect we shall receive but scant
civility nt her hands. Oh I if Muriel were
only hero to holp us."
"Now, that's a thing tha*. makes ine
more uneasy than anything," says Dick,
sitd lenly growing intensely earnest.
" Muriel's marriage, I mean. Did you
notion lior face tne day of the Weil.ling? It
Was a study. What was there iu it when
Bhe --.tnoil at iho altar with Braiiksmoro .
Was it- terror, or nervousness��� or��� or
haired V
Margery has brushed a bonk Oj tho tabic
near hor with an awkwardness foreign to
her, and now stoops to pick' it lip,
" Hatred of whom?'' asks Angelica,
" Why, tlr.it is just it, of course. Of
"���horn? Stains was In church, but I should
think it was all at ail end between bim and
hor, or the wouldn't have married Rranks-
marriage wus so private, and considering,
too, that he had onco been a lover of hers,
I thought it excessive bad taste his befog
in church that morning," siys Peter slowly
"Then where does tne hatred eome in . '.'
asks Angelica, curiously. Margery casts a
swift glance at her, but the younger gir1
does not catch it.
" Where, indeed V says Dick, a little
vaguely. " Not for Stains, according to
Peter; and not for Hritiiksmerc, I���suppose. "
" Let us keep to the subject in hand, "
says Margery, perhaps a little sharply.
" How can you all guess and worry about
an imaginary ill, when the real thing is so
" What a change it will all be," sayi
Mich, suddenly, as if following out a train
of thought. " Billy, who has been so:
seldom here, now master ; and Margery deposed from her post as mistress for nn utter
Stranger, Something tells mo we shall ho
not, only the wiser, hut the sadder for the
Doming of this new young woman."
*' Perhaps she is an old young woman,"'
Says Angelica.
" Catch Billy doing a thing of that sort,"
remarks Peter. "Not likely,   She's young,
you tako my word for it. And they say
youth   is intolerant.     Dick,   I share your
uncomfortable presentiment I feel wc nave
caught a Tartar,"
" Poor old Billy I    If Dial, bo so there  is
drooping | a pebbly walk beloro hini," says Angelica,
wilh a sigh.    "And   when one comes to
think of it 1 believe Billy was lhe best of no,
" He was,'* sayi Peter, in the subdued tone
of one who Efl oOIIVOnlng about his beloved
dead. " I'roiu iny soul, I'm sorry for him !
Marriaqo with a woman of that sort���a virago, as I feel sum she is���means eternal
misery. Because if you don't murder her
by quick means she murders ymi by slow
ones. Billy used to be na good nntiircd a
follow as one could a-sk to meet, What ho
is i.ow, beneath that woman's Influence, 1
don't pretend to know. Dear old boy ; he
has my sympathy at all events, He was
always so quiet, 80���so���" Here his eloquence receives a check. " What is the word?
So���confound it, "saysho -���"What I mean
is that he was bo���so���"
"l,>iiito so" interrupts Dick, gravely. " I
entirely agree with you, nud am sure he was
all that nud a grout deal more."
" 1 wish to goodness Muriel hadn'tchoseti
this time of all others to go and get married,"
says Margery, almost Indignantly, " Sho
Would have been thu correct person to receive them. She is always so calm, and so
self-possessed. Thero ia a dignity about
Muriel that nothing could rufilc, nut even a
sister-in-law who is coming to drivo us all
into the wilderness."
" A rash statement," says Dick, scnten-
" Not a hit of it. Do you think twenty
Mrs. Daryls could make Muriel tremble?
On tiie contrary tho twenty would tremble
beforo h r."
" My dear, pray, spare ponrBilly, Hois
not the anxioiiB proprietor nf a harem; ho
ia alllieted with only one sultana."
"PshawI���I'm not thinking of Billy,"
says Miss Daryl, impatiently, " hut of Muriel. 1 wonder you can all bo so blind to the
fact that aim is the on9 who could have
coped successfully with this��� this��� "
" Knir' aote," suggests Dick."
" This difficulty. She is the only person
I know who never gels frightened or Hushed by pressure of circumstances ; who defies
nervousness. Altogether," cries Margery,
with a glow of admiration, " I regard Muriel as one whose dignity could uot be lowered. "
" Sho must be a phenomenon, then," says
Dick, "as I never knew any ono whose dig-
uity could not be destroyed by a well-planted blow in the stomach!" This low nnd
i udo piece of Information is received in utter
silence. The twins me guilty of nn Ill-timed
attempt, at a giggle, nut aro summarily
hushed into asltenuo befitting tho occasion.
" Perhaps���after nil -Billy,s wifo will bo
nice," hazards Angelica, vaglioly, J'Jvery-
body stares. This startling suggestion puis
Dick's vulgar speech to (light at once. It
is no more remembered,
" Nice? Nonsense ! What would make
her nice ?"doniands Margery. "Did any
body ever hoar of a nice heiress '! They uro
all th" poorest of poor creatures.
" No 1" exclaims blanche, breathlessly.
" Well, I never knew that before | J always thnn<;li;.nti heiress wan a person with
bin l��gB �����-��� oi gold."
���' And '.'"
" And now you say she is n beggar," says
tbe child, excitedly.    The   poorest of the
Yes, I saw   Staines,
Considering   the
" May blessings rest upon yonr verdant
bond I" interposes Peter, gayly. ������ No my
good child you nro wrong for once. Our
heiress is not a bet-gar."
" She'll he worso than the usual run of
'em, I shouldn't wonder," says Diek, with
predetermined misery. " Her being so abjectly poor when Billy first mot her and fell
in love with hor will only heighten tho ar-
rogaoco that 1 feel certain distinguishes
her now. That Bidden springing into n
fabulous fortune will make her doubly unendurable,"
There is ho muoh grim prognostication in
his tone that Margery a heart dies within
"Oh, that it was to-morrow morning!"
she cries pathetically. Upon her, as Miss
Daryl, will fall the horrors of having to
make a gracious display of welcome.
"I woudor when she becamo rich sho
didn't throw Billy ovor with a view of gaining a moro distinguished parti," somo onc ia
saying when sho brings herself back from
her dismal imaginings It is Angelica who
is speaking, and her s peech, savoring ns ib
does in an aside sort o i way of n wish to
take tho part of tho new-comer, is received
with a marked disfavor,
"I dare say sho w'is ashamed! ThingB
bad gone so far with her nud him," says
Peter, who, though aa a rulo careless of his,
neighbor's shortcomings, seemed deter*,
mined to find fault with thu now sister
thrust upon him, "But 1 expect why she
didn't brave everything, even tlio world's
censure, was because Billy must get old
(iruuipy's title soonoror later. And a title-
is dear to tho soul of the pnrvenue."
"She can't be called that Peter. It appears she is us well born as uny of us. But1
her father was so pom* that���
"Well, yes. That's so, oi course," acknowledges Peter, magnanimously. "But
what I mean is that she wauled to be 'my
lady.' "
" Miriimpy' is good for ninny a year
"I hope so, Until I can take my degree-
at all oveiilfl. 1 can't say I admire Sir
Ninth's as a private individual, but as an
uncle who can pay my college fees, he is���
pretty well."
" 'Sharper than a serpent's tooth it is tn
havo a thankless child,' " quotes Dick,
mourn fully.
" I'm not hir. child, the gods bo praised,"
returns Peter slrolcliing himself lazily,
"Has a serpent got. a tooth?" asks fat!
little May, with round open eyes and wonderment, "I thought they sucked ovoiy->
"I know one serpent that has lots of
tooth," responds her youngest brother, with J
calm but crushing force. " Regular molars1."
��� this  last word seems full   of doubt and
horrible Hiiggestivenessln the listening May
��� "and it is coining here to-night,"
" Don't   bn  lillim: her   poor liltlo bead
with noiiBonso, Dick," says Angelica,  soft-
"I dun'! know  bow Sir Miitius could )*c
poor mamma's brother," ponders Margery
"One���so soft,   so BWeot* so perfect���thofl
oilier   -ugh !"   Sho purses up her pretty
mouth into a regular "Oh !" of disgust,
"Ho looks so commonplace," continnen|
Angelica, "so vulgar. He Bays his linearis above reproach, and thc title certainly is
old���but Minimi. Was there ever such a
name? It suggests nothing but trade and
. champagne."
"Tellhim so!"
"Thank you I I don't want iny bend in
my hand."
"What a combination the entire name is.
Sir Mutiua Milium! I'm certain our maternal grandparent was a wit, ami gave tho
Christian name to liis only son as an heirloom-"
Margery leans back in her chair as she
says this, nnd forgetful of the coming misery
laughs aloud. Such a gay, pretty, wholehearted laugh ! Ildoes one good to bear
"Ia it possible that I can hear you jest
with such trouble ataring us in the face?"
aays Dick reproachfully. "Think o* tonight and what it is bringing you."
"It will bring Billy too, though, says
Blanche, with a touch of defiance in her
childish treble. "Billy won't let her
touch us." She lias evidently great faith
in the eldest brother,
" Billy, indeed ! I expect weshall have
to call him William now* declares Margery,
At thiB Blanche gives way to a sudden,
irrepressible sense of amusement and
chuckles verv loudly.
" fancy calling Billy���William 1 Oti!
it's nonsense, etuny nonsense. 'Good morning, William,'"���putting on a gfOWU-Up
air���" '1 hope to aeo you well, William !'
Ua, lin, ha I 1 never could do that. 1
don't eare what Ids wife aays, I'll always
call him Billy. Why, he doesn't look like
anything else."
"Wait lill Mrs. Billy hears yon. She'd
he as mad as a hatter if she heard such a
disrespect ful, frivolous term applied to her
husband 1"
"If she ja," murmurs Angelica, patting
the twin's dimpled hand reassuringly "wo'll
lie bur!"
At thia time-honored joko they every one
luughod in a body, with nit youth's tenderness for nn ancient friend, as though it was
lhe freshest in tho world,
".Mrs. Billy," repeats Margery softly
from tho lew seat near tho fire. "Ah! how
I wish rho wits some one wlio might be called thnt.   It would so settle things."
"Don't delude yourself with false hopes.
I'm certain, Blanche, if you persist iu playing the fool with those strnws nud the fire,
you'll see yourself presently at nu untimely
end, and 1 don't suppose our new relative
will be phased lo find the house redolent
of roasted pork on her arrival."
11 Peter ! don't be horrid."
Oh ! yes ; it is quite true," cries May,
excitedly. "1 road the other day that Mr.
Mongoose, the African explorer, declared
human llesh was quite���quite���that is���bo
said we were nil pigs."
"Muy I If yoti will rend abominable
tilings of thnt sort please keep them to
yourself. Oh ! dear, how the twilight is
coming, soon it will be night, and then-���I
don't in the least know how 1 shall receive
"Throw yonr arms around her neck.
Press her to your throbbing boo-o-som.
Break into sympathetic sobs, and cry,
'Sweet sister, how glad I am to welcome
you to these ancestral halls.'"
"Not if I know It," exclaims Misa Daryl,
indignantly. " I think I see myself, indeed I '*
" Very silly of you, my dear ; thoro isn't
a looking-glass within a mile of you, so far
aa I know,"
"I wonder if Bhe will be big?" twittera
May, who is rather irrepressible, alluding
to tho unknown Win, Daryl.
" Huge !" replies Dick, promptly. "A
regular strapper ! Stands live foot cloven
in hor vamps. And walks about the farm
all day long in top-hoots and leggings, and
a cart-whip with which ahe lays about her
generously. There ia one small peculiarity,
too, in our new sister which may be mentioned," continues Dick, leaning confidentially toward the somewhat disconcerted
twin. "Sho can't bear littio girls I Auy
sort of girl is obnoxious to her, but littio
ones drivo her into a fine frenzy. I lia\'o
heard from reliable authority that she could
hasn't heard a word about their coming to-
She runs to the window, pushc3 the case*
monts wide, nud makes a wild effort to attract thc attention of thc t��U figure in the
"Curzon! Curzohl   Hi!  Mr.  Bellew 1
Drat him ! I don't believe he has got an ear
in his silly head," says Miss Daryl, Who is
not particular as to the nicely of her language when immersed in thu bosom of Iter
family.    " Cur���zon !   Curzon ! I say I"
"Elegant language ! Superfine, upon my
word," says a graft voice at ibis moment.
Does it come from heaven or the earth bo-
Death ? A balcony runs outside the schoolroom, extending from it to the library, and
over this balcony the voice seems to eome.
" It's (iruinpy him-elf !" exclaims Meg,
in a horrified tone, falling back into Peter's
" Uuclo Mulius 1" whispers Angelica.
" Then mum's lho word," says Dick,
throwing himself hurriedly into tlio nearest
The heavy sound nf pottering old font ���
steps, the thud of a   stout stick,   and now
willingly���nay, gladly���Hay them alive?'
"Oh,   Diet   ���" 	
eays   May,  whimpering
'tact, I assure you. I'm awfully sorry
for you and poor Blanche, but I don't sec
how I can help you. I doubt there's a bad
time before you."
"Richard*��� to business!" interrupts
Margery, shortly. "You'll givo that child
softening of the brain if you persist in your
present evil courses. I nm suro, ton, it is
foolish to be au dewn-hearted. Billy will
see we aro not altogether thing upon the
"I dare Bay. But madam will sec that
wo march, nevertheless, Sho will hardly
like to have bo many guests perpetually in
her bouse."
"Who can blame her? I shouldn't like it
either," murmurs Alui-gory, sighing, "Perhaps sho will effect n compromise, ami pro-
peso keeping the children hero with her."
At this hopeful prospect thc twins, without a wcrd of warning, set up a dismal
howling. Dick's picture is still fresh in
their minds. Tbey dissolve into Hoods of
tears, and are with difficulty oven bo far restored ns to be able tu give a cause fur their
"Oh, Meg I" cry they, flinging themselves
bodily upon Margery, "you wouldn't do it.
Yon know you couldn't do it I Oh ! don't
leave us behind you. If you must go tnko
ns with you. Don't leave ub alone with her,
Don't give us up to that awful big woman
with the curt-whip."
Their wailing is piteous, and rather oppressive,
"What a nuisance yon nro, Diek," says
Peter, impatiently, "filling the bends of
those silly children with such folly,"
" No���uo, dear little cats, we will all go
together," Margery ia saying soothingly to
the twins. Jt is plain to everybody thnt
she is very nearly ou tho brink of tears
"Oh ! why are wo not moro fortunate or
more rich ?" sho sighs.
"I shouldn't caro to bo rich. I Bhould
liko to be famous," sayB Dick, slowly.
" I Bhouldn'tcaretoboeithcr. Extremes
are a bore. I only ask to be comfortable,"
puts In Peter, with another lu/y yawn.
"Even Gra-BUS had bis trembles. Money
goes but a short wny,"
"With some people, certainly," laughs
"Ou the road to happincia, i would have
added, my sweet angol," says 1'eter. "It's
poor stuff, when all is told."
"Is it? I ahould liko to have atrial of
it," returns Margery dryly.
But Peter is not listening to her-, ho is
instead caroling nt tho top of Ida fresh
young lungs a verso in favor of his merry
Then why should wo quarrel torrldm**,
Or any suoh glittering toysl
A light heart nnd a thin pair of brooches,
Will i;o t lirou-'h the world,my brave boys!
" I don't think that's a nice song, Meg,
do yon?'' ask*. Blanche who has hardly yet
recovered from tho Into storm. " And 1
shouldn't like a thin pair of breeches when
wo start���would you ? Because winter will
be coming on, and we should bu eold."
This infantile touch of caution convulses
Peter with delight.
"Whnt shall wo do when first she is
cross to us, Meg?" asks Mary nervously,
whose .thoughts arc still upon the " big
"Kail upon her and rend her limb from
limb," suggests Dick, severely.
" Smite her, hip and thigh," supplements
"1 wish Tommy waa here," aays Margery, suddenly, "Though only a cousin,
aud quite thu greatef l fool I know, slill be
is n sort of person that one can speak to."
"Or even Cur.'on," murmurs Angelica,
" By lho bye, I wonder he hasn't been hero
all day v"
" 1 don't seo what good he would be except to sit in Meg's pocket and stare at her
as if she had seven bend**,"
'��� He doesn't sit In my pocket," returns
Miss Daryl, Indignantly. "1 nover heard
such a libel !"
" liven,If ho did ho might sit in a worse
place," says Angelica, sweetly.
" Ah ! talk nt somebody," erics M<tivory,
quite forgetful of her Ill-temper of a mo*
J ment since,    "Why,   thoro he is���coining
[across tho lower lawn.    I'll call   him,    He
lie ii   I'es ���",*> II Iii 1,11,11111111 Willi Hie
loner   tiilmals.
A cat carried   WO   miles   inn  basket
ilog taken, perhaps, BOU miles by rail, iu a
few days may havo found their way back
to the starting print.    So   hv   buvo   often
been told, says a writer in the London
Spectator, ami no doubt the thing has
happened.      Wo have been  astonished at
the    wonderful   intelligence   displayed.
Magic, I should call it. Last week I beard
ofa captain who sailed from Aberdeen to
Arbroath, He left behind him n dog whicli
according to the story had never bceniu
Arbroath, but when ho arrived there the
dog was waiting on thnmriy. I expected
lo believe that the dn<- hnd known his
master's destination, ami been able to inquire the way overland to Arbroath, Truly marvelous ! But really, it is time to in*
quire more carefully us to what these
stories do nienii; wo must ceaao lo ascribe
our intelligence to animals, and learn that
it is wo thnt often possess their instinct.
A cat ou a farm will wander many miles
in search of prey and will, therefore, be
well acquainted with the country for miles
round. It is taken fifty miles away. Again
it wanders and comes across a bit of country it knew before. What moro natural
than that it should go to its old home?
Carrier pigeons are taught "homing" by
taking them gradually longer flights from
homo, so that thoy may learn tho look of
the country. We cannot always discover
that a dog actually wasnccpiaiutcdwith the
route by which it wanders home, but it is
quite absurd to imagine, ns most people nt
once do, that it was a perfect atranget-to
the lay of the land. To find our way a
sbcoiul time over ground we havo once trod
is scarcely intelligence ; we can only call it
instinct, though the word does not iu the
least explain the process. Two years ago
I first visited Douglas in the Isle of Man. I
reached tho station at 11 p. m. I was
guided loa house a mile through the town.
I scarcely paid auy attention to the route,
yet next morning [found my way hy tlio
same route to the station, walking with my
head bent, deeply thinking all tbo time
about other things than the way. I have
the instinct of the locality.
Most people going into a dark room that
they know are by muscular sense guided
exactly to tho very spot they wiah; bo
people who have the instinct of iocalitymay
wander over a moor exactly to the place
tbey wish to reach, without thinking of
where thoy go. There may bn no mental
exercise connected with thia. 1 have known
a lady of great intelligence who would lose
her way within half a mile of lho house
she bad lived in forty yesra. This feeling
about place belongs to that part of us that
we have in common with tho lower creatures. We need not postulate that the
anim i's ever show signa of possessing our
Intelligence; they possess in common with
uu what is not intelligence, but instinct.
Who Invented tlio Lucifer Matoh?
The first Inciter Matches, called friction
lueifeis, were invented and made by Mr.
.lolin Walker, ofStockton-On-TecB, chemist. He wis preparing some lighting mixture for his own use, when, by thc accidental friction ou the hearth of a piece of
wood dipped iu the mixture, a lij-hi was
obtained. Tho information thus gained led
Mr. Walker to commence the manufacture
and cale of friction matches. Wooden
splints were coated with sulphur and tipped wiiha mixture of sulphide of antimony,
chlorate of potash nmi gum. Each box was
supplied with a piece of glass-paper folded
in two. When a match was rapidly drawn
between the folds of tho piper, it nt once
took fire. The inatchts wero expensive :
each box cnutuining eighty-four cost one
shilling. Mr. Walker commenced selling
these matches in April, 1827, and their use
continued until 18.1,1, when the process now
A Man **el-. Illmseir on lire  In llie Pri-v
enif of ill-, children���starving, m.
.-ni-! llft-HT'ile He Kllils (he I'l::lit,
A New York despatch says :���With the
memory of a winter's destitution, and only
tho hope of starvation for himself and
family, Joseph Klersoy, thirty-live years
old, of No. Nfill Myrtle avenue, Brooklyn,
crawled out of his sick bed the other af'
ternoon, and saturating hia body with
kerosene, set himself on hre, and was burned to a crisp before the eyes of his young
Klersey was nn uphotslerer, and did business in a small way in am of a row of one-
storey tenement houses. A year ngo he
was taken down with the grip, and during
the last winter be and his family lived oo
the brink of starvation. He was too proud
to ask relief, and the neighbours knew it,
but tbey stole nway Jus four children and
at times gavo them food. One week ngo
tho starving upholsterer was taken ill with
lho -pip nud became ho desperate that
doctors were compelled to administer
morphine.    Klersey and bis wife have four
children���Joseph, 111   Peter,  N ;  Ida,
years old ; and Willie, HI months old.
In the afternoon at four o'clock Mrs.
Klersoy, while her husband wan extremely
violent, ran to the neighbours for assistance
leaving her youngest child lying at thu foot
of the sick father's lied, Tbe child, Ma,
was sitting iu the kitchen, ami thu other
two children were away on a message.
Ihu dly had tlio sick man seen his wife leave
tlm houso thai*, he jumped out of bed.
Whnt happened was learned from tho child
Ida. Crawling out uf Ill's bed, tho father
made his way tn the kitchen, and utter
searching around found tbo can of kerosene.
He took it and kissed the littio girl, telling
her that she would not bu hungry long.
Then, alanding in the doorway ot the
kitchen, ho puiired the oil on his hand
and rubbed it on his body. Ho saturated
his clothing uml asked the littio girl to find
him a match. Ida refused to do so, and
tho father found onc. Ho struck it and
set fire to the undershirt, nnd in an insUnt
wns covered with fiameB.
At that moment Ids wife returned, and
catching up a blanket ran toward hor
husband, who ran away from her and went
into the garden. She followed him, and
the struggle to put out the lire threw him
to the earth. She fell on him and nut out
the flames, but he waa beyond all pain.
Neighbora climbed tho fence and look
the weeping woman away from her husband's
body. She was taken into the house, and
it was found hor face nnd hands wero badly
burned. The boy Willie had swallowed nn
amount of smoke nnd was dying. Tho
police eay that the case is tho moat deserving of any that has ever come under theii
The I'laiil Lire, Hhieli  Are 1
tu Their Com.
Almost every plant has ils peculiar aphis
or plant louse, creatures which nature hns
endowed with wonderful powers of reproduction, Among theso odd insects there
may be from twenty to fifty generations iu
each year, eaoh generation  capable of pre
Uy  A ut,    I1 ��*��� 1'ren.v Thin, \.,i Kvecnlln-; fivi-Hlle
In HelKhl.
" I do not care to dispel pleasing illusions
for anyone," said Mervin   Page  to a St.
Louis tllolie- Democrat man, "hutsometimes
the fact is of decided interest. I wonder,
if the facts about the ethereal blue were generally known, would it seem less ethereal
ducing others. A distinguished naturalist or ti'v-,i loas j��y to the poetic nature to look
has given figures to prjvo that one pair of a' ��� 1'eople imagine that all the beyond is
aphides in five -.'eneration-j, all of which 1"?i,t. aUl- -hat they might rise away from
could be brought into the world in less than tiie M-ttb up and ever up, always surround-
ten days, would have descendants to the ed and overhung by the gorgeous canopy of
number of 0,901,000,000. i blue which fills tho dullest nature with su-
Ants, although they cannot alao be class-' preme satisfaction of n bright, sunny mom-
ed as the "most wonderful insects of ore*l'"g- The bine of heaven haa been tho
ation," are certainty the wisest. They use theme of poetic literature ever since the
It certain species of nphis as their cows. I world began or shepherds tended sheep on
The ant finds the aphis with his proboscis the hillsides. As a matter of fact the blue
pushed entirely through thc hark of some we see ia only nn inch deep when compared
lender plant, slowly sucking its life's blond , Willi lho earth. It is not of the sky nr of
(sap). Reason (it cannotbe properly called Infinite space, but nf tho air we breathe,
bv any other name) leaches the ant that if; that is bhe. A small portion of air is color-
theapmijBirritatedhewillvoidthisdfgested ; l"*,a- '������-*��� ������'l"'1- we look out through forty-
sap.   Straightway Mr. Am marches up to \ I'v'' miles of it, we have the heavenly blue,
the helpless aphis ami proceeds to Irritate   Whioh is ils  distinct  color.    Anyone who
the poor creature with hla feelers and forth- Hiaaascended five miles above the earth's
with the Sap begins to Row from tWO bristle- surface ami has looked heavenward remem-
liko tubes, which are situated near the tail | ���"������"������ 'hat, the sky appears of a dark inky
So Wreckage In the urcpest ortiic ocean's
An extraordinary circumstance that
has been noticed with interest and
that always creates surprise when
learned, is tho entire absence of
foroign matter in the deeper part of the
ocean's floor. Of all tho vcesels lost iu rnid-
ocoan, of all the human beings that have
been drowned, of all the marine nnimals
ihat have perished, of all tbe clay, sand and
gravel lot fall by dissolving icebergs, of all
the various substances drifted from every
shore by shifting currents���not a trace remains, but in their place wator from 1,000
to 2,600 fathoms in depth covers the uniform
deposit of thick, bluish, tenacious slime called glohigcrina oo/e.
A bit of this under u powerful lens is n
revelation of beauty not readily forgotten.
The oo/o is composed ulnio.it entirely of the
daintiest, most delicately beautiful shells
imaginable. At depths greater than 2,oTi0
fathoms Ihc bottom of tho sea consists mainly of products arising from exposure, for
almost incalculable periods, to thc chemical
action of sen waler, of pumice aud other
volcanic matters. This finally results in
the formation of the red clay deposits l hat
am considered characteristic of tho pro-
foundest depths nf thc ocean. Carbonate
of limo, which, In tho form of the ohell of
foraminifem, make up so large a part of the
glohigcrina no/.e, is here almost entirely absent.
Sea water is very nearly a universal
solvent, ami before any shell, largo or small
reaches the bottom of these tremendous
abysmsitis chemically eaten up, literally
dissolved���a result which the enormous
pre*-:,ure of thu water must materially
AL 1,000 fathoms the weij-htof tho waler
pressing on all sides of nn object immersed
to that depth is very nearly one ton to the
square inch, or more than one hundred
times that sustained at the sen level, nnd ut
the greatest depths the pressure is so increased that it would seem nothing could
withstand it���-in fact, heavy metal cylinders
let down with tho Bounding apparatus are
anmotimes, on being drawn up again to tbo
surface, found bent and collapsed ; Btrongly
introduced. This process was introduced
Iiy Isaac Hidden, nnd two or threo others
almost simultaneously in different places,
so thnt ft became impossible to any which
of them can really claim credit for being
the first. Many improvements have sineu
been mado from time to time, but uo fundamental chaiigo hns taken place iu their
manufacture. In 1S1I) red or amorphous
pi osphorus was manufactured, which led
to the making of what are known aa safety
matches, which will only light when struck
on a prepared box. -In 18-12machinery was
introduced, and matches were rapidly lowered ui price, as lho machinery for their
manufacture was more nnd more improved,
and now instead of a shilling for a single
box a dozen boxes can he obtained for three-
alf pence. Sweden exports one thousand
idlioii boxes of matches annually, nnd a
single automatic machine in that country
can cut ten million match-sticks per day,
and it arranges them in a vat, whcio heads
are put on at a surprising s-jccil,
TorribTe German Tra$od/-
Tho Daily News states* that thn German
papers contain acjountr* of a crime recalling
in somo rcspecls the murder of tho Jew
Pedlar In "The Hells." One evening hist
week a farmer and his daughter, rcturuing
liorno from the market ot I'limmclsburg,
Pomcrania, called nt au inn, and iu asltiim
for something lei drink tho farmer showed
n purso containing a deal of inonuy. Soon
nftcrwarels ho left, hut had not got far
when ho was attacked from behind ami
murdered, his skull being smashed with a
thick stiok. Tho Utile girl, terrified, ran
back to the inn, and (old the inn-keeper's
wifo. The woman shut tho child in a room,
hooking through tho keyhole, lho girl saw
the Innkeeper return with n blood-stained
stick in his hand, and heard him describe
how ho had committed the murder, aud
(lisciisi* the best means of getting rid of her.
The child jumped from a window nmi (led
to her home.    The innkeeper uud   his wifo
were arrested,
 1   'Ef       -EEEllEEE-l       IM
Why He'Objootttt.
A crude old farmor, living on the line of
one of the recent railway surveys, and wlio
ia owner of a barn of large dimensions, with
huge swinging doors on both sides, observed
a posse of surveyors busily driving a row of
stake* through bis promises lliiu extended
io ilic very centre of his big barn,  Sauntering leisurely towards the IrespiMsOrs, with
nn  air savoring somewhat of Indignation,
he addressed the leader of the gang as foi
lows :
" haying out another railway''"
" Surveying for one," was the reply.
-��� doiii' through my barn ':"
" Don't see bow W0 can avoid it."
" Well, now, mister,11 said the worthy
fanner, " I reckon I've got souiclhin' lew
say 'limit that.    1 want yew id understan'
that I've gitsoinetbin' else tew dew beside
ruunin' mil lew open and shot   I hem eh
ever) time a ttftiti wants tew go threw.''
closed are shattered into fragments.
The HoBt OareleBS  Creatures that ever
He camo homo some nights ngo a bit
tired from n busy day's work, nnd his wifo
wailed until he bad got oif hi - ovorcont and
sat down.
Did you get that piece of silk I asked
you to bring?" she Inquired, seeing that
bo had not laid it beforo her.
Yc-, dear ; I left it out thero in thc
Did you get the pins?"
'Ves dear."
And the ribbon?"
And Hobble's shoes?''
���Ami a hearth broom V
'And a wick for tho kitchen lamp?"
'And some matches?"
'Yes, thoy are with the other bundles,"
'And did   you   seo tlm   man   about the
coal ?"
Yes, it, will bo up on Monday."
And the man  to  fix  tho  grata in the
"Yes, he's coining as soon as hu can."
And did you go and pay the gas rate ?"
Yes dour."
And���and���oh, yea, did you order
a new shovel for the k itclion ?''
"N'���n���no,"he hoaltatod. I forgot it,"
"(looel gracious ?" sho exofalmod. What
did yon do thut for ? You know we needed
I lint shovel, nud I lohl you about it the
very first thing when you went to town
this morning, 1 do think you men arc the
most forge tin) and careless creatines that
ever lived."
Aud she was cross for the reslof tho
��� <ss>   ���
Timely Appearance-
" May I ask yon, madam," inquired the
gentlemanly caller at the front door, removing bis hat, " if there has been a large
and successful cooking school in this neighborhood for some weeks ?"
" There has," replied lhe lady.
" Some member of your family has been
in alteitdunco, perhaps," ho ventured.
" Ves. Two of my daughters attend
"Ah!" rejoinol the caller, pleasantly.
" A good cooking school is one ofthe adjuncts nf an advanced civilization,      I am
always interested to notice tho advance of
a community in tho knowledge of lite
gentlo arts nndBohmces that go to make
up the sum of human happiness,    lint 1
have allowed myself lo forget the business
Upon which I have ventured lo call," he
Continued, briskly Opening a small valise,
" 1 am introducing a small but oemprehen*
sive work, entitled 'The Horrible Curse
of Dyspepsia and Indigestion i How Cured
nnd How llemovcd.' The price is only
seventy-five cents and 1 can assure you,
madam��� Thanks,    (j >od n orning I'
end of the aphis.    This How of sap  is what
the atii had reasons to expeot- ".ml as he is
very fond of it he begins t<�� greedily suck it
Livingstone tells of a B-iocics of nphis
which inhabits tho ii:: trees of Africa,which
constantly distill water until it forms in
[treatpuddles on tlm ground underneath.
There scums to be aome contention among
naturalists as to whether this i iseot distills
Is water from the* sap nf Lho plant which it
infests nr from the ulniusphere, Livingstone   found some of  them nt work on a
nstor-beiin plant and sel about making an
experiment. When first surprised at their
work distillation was going ou at the rate
of ono drop every sixty-seven seconds, or
about five and a half tablespoon!nls every
twcuty-fuiir hours, lie destroyed tim bark
nf lho plant below them, and, nlltu-ugh it. ia
known that aap must eome from lhe eai th,
they were actually distilling a drop every
five seconds, the flow being thirteen times
greater than it was the day before. He
then girdled the plant BO deeply that it
dried and broke off; st:ll tbo little colony
of insect wonder kept at work, regularly
di-1 tilling one drop every five seconds,
while another colony on a green twig only
managed to distill a drop every seventeen
Thero are many other curious points
about aphides, such as the idea lhat they
are the progeny of ants, that they will turn
to ants, or that ants will turn lo aphides-
common errors.
.1 roll ilia lei    Forbes' Niir-rlii-**   E-Jclurc    at
This moment of confusion and wavering
was well chosen by the Turks for an nd*
vanco in groat force from the western flanking spur toward the high road in rear of
the llitssian position, while another column
from the eastern spur moved down simultaneously to join hands with it. Well
might Captain Greene, tho American milt
tary attache with tho Russians, whoso admirable work is tho authentic record of the
war-well might he write .that "the moment wan the most critical of thc campaign."
Tlm niomen*. was dramatic, with an Intensity to which tho tinicness of civilian
lib; can furnish few parallels. The Itus-
Bhtn general, expecting momentarily to bo
cuvirnned, had sent out from between the
fast-closing tentacles of the great octopus
which was embracing him, a last telegram
to tho Czar, defining the Inevitable ksuo,
telling how his brave men had.striven to
nvert it, and pledging them and himself to
hold out, witb the help of God, to the bitter end and the lasLdropof their blood. As
the afi'-rmi'ni shadows VVCPO falling,
Darozhinski and Stollotofi' stood iu the
Turkish firo on the peak of Ss. Nicholas,
Along the hare ridge below them lay the
grimed, sun-blistered men, beaten out wilh
neat, fatigue, hunger, and thirst; reckless
iu their despondency, that every foot nf
ground was swept by the Turkish nllo Bro-*
Others still (foggedly fought on down
among the rocks, forced to give ground, but
doing no with sullen reluctance. The dills
and valley echoed ��ith triumphant shouts
of "Allah il Allah !"
Stollotofi erica aloud lh sudden excess of
:oitcmont, grasps Darozhinski by tho elbow, and noli its down the Pass, The head
of a long black column la plainly visible
ngiiinst the reddlsh-hmwn hod of the
rock. The troops about ihem spring lo
their  fee*.
The Turkish war-cries were drowned
iu the wild clamor of cheering which the
wind carried from the sore-juesscd defenders of thoSohipka, in glad welcome to the
comrades hurrying to help them,���[Archi
bald I'nrbes.in the April .Scribner.
Dying of" A Broken floart-"
Do people in trouhlo ever really die of
a broken heart?" The Uto Sir Goorgo
Paget, in ono of his lectures just published
under tho editorship of his son by Messrs.
Mncmillnn acknowledges that in thc vast
majority of cases thus popularly described
ihero is nothing like an actual rupture of
tho heart; yot ho admits that mental afi'oo-
tions will not iiufrcrpicntly cause real disease of lho body, and he mentions a case of
broken heart cited by Dr. .1. K. Mitchell,
of tho JefferSon College, Philadelphia, in
lecturing to his pupils. In an early period
of his life Dr. Mitchell accompanied, as a
surgeon, a packet that sailed from Liverpool
to on.! of tho American ports. The Captain frequently conversed with him respecting a lady who had promised to become bis
bride on bis return from lhat voyage.
Upon this subject ho evinced great Warmth
of feeling, anil showed sonic cosily jewels
and ornaments which he intended to present
as bridal gifts. On reaching his destination
he was abruptly informed that the hidy had
married somfl one else. Instantly the
Captain was observed to clasp hia band to
his brcasi and fall heavily to the around,
He was taken up and conveyed to his cabin
ou hoard the vessel. Dr. Mitchell was immediately suminoirod, but bofore he reached
him the Captain was dead.    A post-mortem j
ixamlnation rovealed thooauso, His heart
vas found literally torn in twain. Tho
tremendous propulsion ed blood, cotiH0'|UCiit
upon such a violont nervous shock, forced
tho powerful muscular (issues asunder, and
life was at mi ond.
The Pioneer,.
-hist n hundred years n--o (in 1702) an in-
utivo Bngtish nobleman declared that it
was possible to mako a ship move by tho
aid of "steam," without " masts or sails,"
and, having Spont as much ns he was prepared to atlord on ropoated eottly plans,
craved some assistance from lhe States. Of
course the department (being n wot blanket) j
stringently tied up its loan, but, having become persuaded by the result of bis experiments that he had hope of success, il under
line, and the higher one might go the blacker would beoome bhe surrounding space,
until utter ilarkuess would envelop one at
the height t>f thirty-eight miles up.   This
darkness results from the lack of reflection
and dispersion of light. At the height even
of live miles one may look down ami oh-
lerVO that thu blue is below and not above,
as at the bottom. Still lhe blue is just as
beautiful ns before, ami sincu wo live under
it we may well atlord to enjoy it."
    **���  ������<m i
Mounted lufantry.
Peter tbo Groat organized dragoon grenadiers in 1708, who wore armed with musk
ets and bayonets, as are their* descendants
of to-day. Wo need not, however, go beyond the time of Napoleon In find a precedent for the Russian innovation, whleh has
so sc-mdalizcd tlo sabrcurs of to-day. The
carabineers of the French army at the close
of the last century were armed with carbine,
pistol, sword, and bayonet. At Anstorlitz
there were still somo thus equipped, and
the small musket without the bayonet was
retained during the wars of 181)1), although
three years later it, too, was cast aside
when eulrassiers became fashionable. And
besides theso special curabineera Napoleon
had a force of dragoons proper���that ia to
say, men trained lo tight either on foot or
iu thc saddle.
In 1802 there wero twenty-one regiments
composed of such foot soldiers on horseback,
although the tendency, we are told, was for
them to turn into real cavalry, with perhaps
some greater capacity for fighting ou foot
than had the others. This tendency bas
ever been inevitable, and to-day witli us tho
fear is that our mounted soldiers may, if
their proclivities in sosli a direction are not
interfered with, develop into a spurious imitation of hussars. Ou the Rhino theso dragoons of Napoleon did not succeed as did
the cavalry pure and simple, and therefore
they were sent away lo Spain when war
In t��ke out in that country. Hero thoir special
characteristics found ample vcrgo and scope
ere long; for tho desultory warfato ofthe
guerilla type carried on hy tho inhabitants
of that country waa exactly the sort of fighting ninst suited to them. Thus it was that
by LSI** Napoleon hail again increased his
force of dragoons lo thirty regiments, hi
addition, there waa a larger force of ciias'
seurs-a-cheval in tho French army.���[The
Saturday Review.
Twentv Thousand People Living in a Orator-
Thirty miles from tho city of Kuniamnto
Japan, is the volcano Aso San. This vo 1
ano has tho largest crater in the
world. It is moro than thirty miles in cir-
OUtnterenco, aiul peopled by -0,000 inhabitants. Think of walking for miles among
fertile farms and nrosperoua villages, peering into schoidhouse windows ami sacred
shrines well within the shell of au aid-time
crater, whose walls rise 800 foot all about
you. It gives one a queer fooling. Hot
springs abound everywhere. In one place
I caw the brick-red hot water utilized to
t urn a rice mill. The inner crater is nearly
ball a mile in diameter, and a steady column
of roaring steam pours out of it.
The last serious eruption was in lss-1,
when Immense quantities of hlaek ashes and
dust were ejected nnd carried by the wind
as far as Kuinatnoto, where for threo days
it was so dark that artificial light bad lo be
used. Rut what Interested me most, was
to loam that out of that old-time crater had
come not only a stream of pure waler and
many kinds of farm products, but yuuui*;
men wlio, seoking a wider school nnd home
than lite mouth of a vigorous volcano, had
found their way to Rumamoto, Kyoto, and
America, and wore now foremost among
Ihe Christian educators and preacheta of
Japan. The pulpit orator of Osuka, tho
principal of an Hnglish school at Kiimanioto,
who is a graduate of Andovor, and ono of
t'ue Doshisha professors at Kyoto, n Now
Haven graduate, all came from that valley
of death.
Vory Obstinate.
A waggish chap, whose vixen wife, by
drowning, loat her precious life, called out
his neighbors, all around, and told 'cm that
his wife was drowned; and in spite of
search could not bo folicd. He knew, he
said, tho very nook whore she had tumbled
iu tbo brook, and ho had dragged along the
shore, above the place a mile or more.
" Above the place I" the peoplo cried,
" why, what d'ye mean?"
The man replied : "Of course you don't
suppose I'd go and waste Ihe time to look
below. I've known the woman quite a
spoil, and learnt her fashions tol hie well ;
alive or dead, she'd go, I swow, against the
current anyhow I"
He Was Horry-
Housekeeper���"This is the twentieth
timo to-d.iy that I've bud to come to lho
door to to loll peddlers that I did not want
Peddler���" Very sorry, innm '."
Housekeeper���"It's   some   eomlort   to
know that yon arc soiry, anyhow."
Peddler���" Ves, initiu, I'm very sorry you
don't want anything, mum."
The lato Duke of Marlborough's vory line
set of chemical apparatus at Blonhoim has
been sold to Oxford Hnlvorslty,
The Chinese detective force  is a secret,
body, and tho best organised iu tho world.
They have au eye upon every man, woman,
ami child, foreign or native, in China, and
in addition watch over each other.
The Old Cemetery of Itarcelona is in truth
a " city of the dead,"    Streets upon streets
took to build a small'vessel for  the  would-1 nl Walls, witli I've or six stories of  nJolies,
i-inventnr, to be navigated " by tho steam   llltn W'lioh the cofilns are placed, give ono
���duo "on thc condition   that  if  it   failed I '"deed lhe  idea of  a ileserled  eily.    This
11 the expense should be made good  by 1 fashion obtains all over Spain and   in some
"���   This generous enterprise of   Urd - VMi* of Ila,y*
The besl insect destroyer known is hoi
alum water. Put alum into hot water and
boil until dissolved, then apply tho water
with a brush to all cracks, closets, bedsteads, and other places where insects may
bo found, An!", cockroaches, fleas, anil
other creeping things nre killed.
A Hungarian iiiveni-n* claims to bo able
to spin ordinary wood pulp, or* cellulose,
into yam, from which all sorts of textile
tissues can bo inatlo in Ihc ordinary way,
equalling In durability, appearance, and
fastness of color tho best cullon goods. If
his scheme is practicable, il will revolution*
i/e the textile industry.    Il Is claimed  the
mot hod is applicable,not only to colululose,
but to overy sort of short fibrous material,
rags, scraps of cotton nnd linen goods, anil
the like, and the fibre can be dyed before
being spun into yam.
prise ^^^^
Stat)hopo was highly lauded at the timo,
lhe popular verdict being thus expressed!
'f If it answer, the advantago to the public, particularly In inland navigation, will
bo immenso,"
In this case the recognition of ti pioneer's pos-sible "usefulness" was exceptionable favorable, Ifthe Inquisition had then
held power in Ill-gland hir ignoring of the
mystic wind's Influence mlgiil have got him
Into mischief. Hut thooouragoof the true
discoverer seldom falls, When (laltloowas
compelled to recant his heresy abou! the
motion of the earth he whispered la a
friend,as be rose from his knees, " 11 moves
for all that." So, loo, ai last does tho cautious wnrld when somo ono audaciottslj pro-
to liuil bis way over a slream or gulf
which has never been crowed, or about even
the existence  of which  no
troubled themselves at all.
Published   By  M. Whitney &
Son.    Every Wednesday.
Courtenay, B. C.
One Yonr     I*i00
*-i\ MunLhi         135
Stngta fopy       0 ��5
Ono inch per year,     $1200
..   iiiunih        1-ill
eighth cot, per year   .woo
i"iu*th  snm
week, |'��r line-           ������ 001:1
Local notices, per line   au
Notices   of  Births,    .Marriages   and
Deaths,  50 rents each insertion.
N'ei AdvL-itismcut insetted for Icsslhan
50 cents,
W11 today, Kay 3,1893
The News.
With this issue is completed the first
si*< months of our ex-stencc. Thu Nrws
wus started :it n lime of great depression.
'I he mines at Union, for sonic reason
lint explained, had been closed, and the
effect wits to make money sc-ircc nnd bus
iness dull. Nevertheless it was apparent
that all this was only temporary, and
THE NEWS very quickly secured a circulation which covered ihe entire district.
The paper was aided at the start by
liberal advertising contracts from business men at both Comox and Courtenay,
nnd bv direct donations from Joseph Mel'hee and Win Lewis, who were fnrsighted enough to realize the advantage which
it would be to the community to have a
paper published in their midst. Thc
former gentleman, Mr. Mel'hee, gave a
centrally located lot and erected thereon
for The News a convenient one storey
building ample at that time for its use.
Tliese were free gifts, and no pledges or
conditions were exuded or given as to
the course or conduct of ihe paper. It is
ns un trammeled ns though it never received any aid and it will continue to be
in the future as in the past a free and Independent journ il.
We think it will he admitted that the
paper has improved in its make up, ant!
typographical ly, very much, while arrangements have been perfected so as to
make it more newsy, ii having correspondents in all sections where it circulates.
It now reaches nearly every home in the
district where it is a regular and welcome
vis-tor. It has developed a large advertising patronage, not only at home, but
,ir those cities having trade relations with
this part of Vancouver Island. From
thc start it has been a plying concern
and illustrates in its columns the enterprise and prosperity of this community.
Since ils advent the progress of the district has been marked. Muring this
time several linportant buildings have
heen erected in Courtenay��� no rush, but
a steady growth. Union can count as
new buildings, a siore, hospital, furniture
wareronms and public hall, and Comox
rejoices in having three steamers call regular)-al her wharf where she had only
one before. The connection of these
places by telephone is a great convenience as well as business advantage,while
at Union ihc telephone system connects
with the telegraph line bringing us in
touch with the whole world. We are no
longer a hack-woods place. We feel the
pulse of the busy mans of trade and the
heart throbs ofthe great centres of hu-
The News in sympathy with its surrounding?, and desirous to keep up with
the procession is issued this week from
ils new and commodious quarters.
The original building has been raised so
as to admit a basement, thoroughly lighted and everyway ndaptcd to the requirements ofa first class country printing establishment. A coat of paint��� soon to
be applied - is thc only thing lacking to
make our new home as'presentable as it
is comfortable and convenient. Mr. Geo
Whitman, a thorough mechanic, was
the contractor and his work in this instance certainly speaks his worth.
We arc sure our friends will rejoice at
the evidence of THE NliWS prosperity,
as in this respect it but reflects the prosperity of its patrons. As in thc past no
pains will be spared to make the paper
worthy of their conlidencc and support,^
Editorial Notes.
If there arc just grounds to complain of
the census in the cities and organized
municipalities there arc much stronger
grounds for eomplaini in thc outside portions ofthe Province, In thickly settled
portions thc pay for thc enumeration was
ample, but elsewhere the remuneration
was simply contemptible, not enough to
pay hi the shoe leather used up in (ravelling. The result was, as might have
been expected, that a large per cent ui"
the population was not counted, In a
wooded country, where the pioneers have
no roads and often only blind trails 10
their clearings, it is riot an easy matter lo
find them, and yet in every country community, where these conditions prevail,
the numbers which aie thus isolated arc
considerable. Let the Provincial au-
thoritien cause a thorough canvas to be
made of all but the thickly populated
sections, before bringing in a Redistribution Hill that justice may be done to thc
This section is much infested by fruit
pests, and until effectual steps are taken
to get rtd of them the fruit industry will
languish. Of course there arc other
things to be looked after, such as drainage, and proper care in other directions,
but this one matter of fruit pests stands
out as the most destructive evil. Thc a-
mount of d&mage done by these pests is
almost beyond calculation, In the United Slates it is claimed by competent
indues thc annual loss from this cause a-
lone aggregates over $300,000,000. Startling as these figures are, it is certain that
in this section, in proportion to the capital invested, the amount is much larger.
And yet this evil is largely avoidable,
There are spraying machines aud washes
within thc reach of all, which if properly
employed, would almost entirely prevent
this. Why people will go on planting
fruit trees chiefly for the benifit of the
pests is inconceivable. If they desired
them for their own use it would seem that
they would take some effectual means to
protect them.
The Sun ation of 4; ���-mi Writer* should h��
���ti CO***!lUttil uu Muiulur-- Authority.
Con.-.i-.li-1'ttbk- uncertainty in some times
shown by people who are fain to make
correct use of their mother tongue as to
tho authority which shall settle tho
question. Most often, purhapa. the dictionary in appealed to; and if it ho a re-
linble one, it will generally help us out
ot tho quandary, It is, too, the most
convenient court of settlement, being
ready to hand and not given to talking
back and wandering from the point, aa
with some learned folk elected as judges.
The trouble with the dictionary is, however, that it is likely to fail us if not a
word but an idiom bo in question. In
Bucta a case, what ia soinev at vaguely
culled "good usage" is invoked, meaning
thereby the consensus of the opinion of
the most acceptable and authorative
writers and speakers. Indeed, this may
bo called the supreme court, for the dictionary is, or should ho, only the registration of this good usage. People in
general and many critics assume that
the sanction  of the  best   writers   and
speakers is quite enough to make a word,
an Idiom or a pronunciation good and
proper; and wo&TC very willing tu allow
that win re the sanction is general, that
tea fair criterion, hut the principle is
pushed further nud it is assumed and
Rven urgod that If one or several first-
class writers 1-.-.������ a given locution, this
makes it ring true and establishes il -is
coin of the realm. Aud herein lies mis-
chief and misc-me.nption. it seems to us.
For there is another great law working in our speech besides this practical one of good USHge, It may bu
railed the lawotgOUHlS ofthe tongue,
There are certain grammatical requirements, curtain Idiomatic requirements,
which tho language, as seen in ils historical developnimit and ns it exists today,
is sensitive to and which no man, whatever his standing may violate with impunity, Shakespeare himself, along
with other Elizabethan writers, not sol-
ilom mixed the tones of his verbs an 1
the crises of his noun:*; but the rules h
broke are still more honored in obseri
mice than iu the breach. Bomo of th,
strongest literary mini ol tho last century
���Addison oiulhisoonfrei'.'Sof the Spectator among thom-���wero very caroloss
and inacenntte in some idioms; but tho
main currents of good usage still insist
on a different > ran The great novelist
Fielding -- - ���; ���>**tedljr "you was" for
"you- .������/ ���- -��� n former iy a vulgar
error to-' .'S***-*-*',. .uo current writers in
England oPu-ii standing use tho horrid
idiom "difforenl to" instead of "different
from." but it i:- perfectly safe to say that
this will always strike thy majority of
Informed end trained user--* words us
a barbarism. Ideally, then, ,,jod usage
should be decided by a consideration of
the habits of a large number of thoso
who ut the present day have proved
themselves natural leaders and masters;
und. as a corrective to their possible and
occasional eccentricities and mistakes,
by a knowledge of the historic laws
underlying evory tongue, and, uu-
consciously to the wiofdors of it them*
selves, keeping within definite bounds.
And if we haven't timo to study past
speech and present philological technicalities, wo must let scholars who have,
pronounce upon the question and listen
respectively to their dicta.���Hartford
iJiilns From Itciiiilur Ilu'ilta,
An English scientific philosopher lately made a half-play ful, half- serious defence of the routine life of the mau of
"regular habits."
He insisted that in this busy age, when
eo many duties pi-ess upon an active
man and there are so many things which
unavoidably call for the exercise of attention, judgment and decision overy
day, it is tho part of wisdom���a real
conservation of energy nnd nervous
force���to settle aa many as possible of
the routine matters by a fixed habit of lifo.
There soems to be sense in the suggestion. Why should a man with any-
tiling important to do in the world tax
the gray matter of his brain newly
every day to decide what he will eat
or drink or wear, what his pleasures
shall be and what his recreation, when .
hu shall go to bed and when get tip?
Having arrived at years of discretion
and discrimination, why cau he not so
order bis life as to have theso nud kindred tilings come ami go in a somewhat
settled order ?
To eat ul regular hours the things he
"finds good of," according to Bacon's
rule, abstaining from thoso thut disagree
with him; to rise, bathe, dross, exercise,
work, rest, recreate and sleep after a
regular order, is not to make a treadmill
of life. It is to lay out a smooth road
for journeying with the least possible
friction and waste. " To choose time is
to save lime," A considerable proportion of the worry and waste of life
comes from n needless jumbling or work
and clashing of duties.
Whatever wo may think of the method, the large majority of men who accomplish great things and live to a gir.nl
old age uro men of regular habits. It
may bo encouraging to such to know
that thore is a scientific basis for their
sticking to the ruts.���New York World.
llni'M* riit-.li on I'iui-i Tr-I'l-'H.
The horse continues to uoono of man's
best friends, alive or dead, in Paris.
There aro in that city 180 shops for the
sale of horsefieflh, und in the course of
this year more than 21,0110 horses, 01
mules and 270 donkeys havo been killed
and eaten by the Parisians. The most
--jugular point about this traffic is that
tho price of the iiesh is equal to that of
good beef, 20 cents a pound. Most of
the hoi'setuoat goes into sausages, however, and heme its general use affords
only another illustration of the truth
that where ignoranei is bliss a man had
better let well enough alone.
Dr. W  J, Young
Physician tig Surgeon
Courtenay Pharmacy
Chas R Hardy & Co
Ami Kiniinclul Broker
Notary Public, Conveyancer,
Niiii--iiiii*.  II, C.
Courtenay  B.   G.
Best of   Everything in this
Line Constantly on Hand.
Clay & Viles, Props.
���   A  N   U    ���
All Kinds of Teaming   Done.
Horses and   Rigs for Hire at
���A-Lij   Times
Saw Mill
All kinds of Rough and
Dressed I.umber always on
hand and delivered at short
Also all kinds of Moulding,
Lath, Sawn and Split Shingles, and dressed Pine and Cedar always on hand.
Orders  promptly  executed.
Which we possess will do
your stumping speedily, neatly, and at reasonable rates.
<> Norman   McLeod Jj
0 The justly celebrated jj
0 Clydesdale, will travel y
0 through the District this-0
0 season. q
R. Grant & L. Mounce,
Props. Union, B. C 0
G B Leighton
At tho  Pay, Comox, B. 0.
Blacksmithing and 'Repairing
of ail Kinds
Carriage Work and Horseshoeing a specialty
Nanaimo   Saw Mill
-��� and   ���
Sash and  Door Factory
A (taluin. I'n.i;. .Mill Si., I' U Uos 3.1. Tol. 1-11
Nnntunio H. C;
A complete stock of RpusKmid Djessed
Lumber uhvtiys on hand; also Shingles,
Laths, Pickets, Doors, Windows and
Blinds, Moulding, Sci-HII sawm^'Tu'rnlng
and all kinds of wood finishing furnished
Cedar,     White   I'ine,     Redwo.fl.
All orders accompanied uithCASII orolnpt
ly and carefully attended to.
Steamer Kslell
Harbor and otuside towing done at reason
able rates.
F.  W.  Hart
Manufacturer,   Importer,  Wholesale
aud  Retail Dealer    in
"��*?" Largest Establishment of its kind.
2l-i4 Cordova St.       Vancouver,    U. C
J. W. McCann
Carpenter    *
And Builder
General Job Work
Courtenay B, G,
Fraser &Thomas
Stage and Livery Business
Htage connects with all stcamors at
tl�� Bay.
Also do a general
Teaming Business
Orders may b; left at the Courtenay
Hotel, or this office.
Dr 'W J Curry
Green's Mock��� near l'ost Office���Nanai-
IT'O. Any .number of teeth removed
without pain and without the use uf
Ether or Chloroform:
H A Simpson
Barrister and Solicitor    Office in 2nd
flat, Green's   Block.
Nanaimo, B. C.
We have received our new Milloaery and are very buay   filling orderB
for spring Hats and Bonnets,   Come down and see us at once
��-***,      DRESS   GOODS      J��M
We have surpassed anything ever attempted before   in this   line,  and
the trimmings are simply elegant.
All our  New Jackets and Capes are to hand
Commercial Street Nanaimo B, 0.
I Make It a Point 5 Know
For lhe last thirty years having handled Silver Ware, manufactured by the
Celebrated tirius of Hied and Barion���Kodgers 1.84? -and Mi-ridm Britannia,
I know them to be A I.   -^-j. In Jewnlry, Clocks, Watches, and Spectacles,
1 Show th.- Largest Stock-in the ci'.y, AT HARP TIMES   PRICES.
Speonl attention given to it-paring in ALL Branches of tiie Trade.
CSj,        Orders hy mail will havo prompt attention. j��3
M. E. Counter,
Crescent Jewelry Store.        Nanaimo B. 0.
yancouver Furniture Warehouse,
EnLibllshctl 1873.
���       AIbo Denier In       ���
NANAIMO B. C.    p.���*.-*��
Nanaimo.-* igar Factory.
Philip Gable, Proprietor.
-nstun Street      ���    Nanaimo B. O.
Manufactures   the   finest   clgares,
employing none but white labor.
Why purchase inferior foreign cigars,
when you can obtain a SUPERIOR ARTICLE for the smiie money?
fiaper fiaper & Co.
Booksellers,     Statiouers,
General   News   Agent*.
Nanaimo. II. C.
The Nanaimo Pharmacy
Nanaimo B. O.
W. E. Mc Cnrcncy Chemist,
Pure Drugs Chemicals and  Patent
PbyalcnnB   PrcRt-fptlons ami Mil ore) ore (1I1-m1
with ouro mil] dtdpillch, J'. O. box It
Rolierl; J, Wenborn'
Fraser Sixent
Near Bastion Street Bridge
Nanaimo' B. C.
All Kinds of Machinery made to order
and repaired.
Fruit. Trees
Mainland Nursery *
*      l.adners Landing B. C.
A large supply of .three and four year old
A.*P*PIj-E1  TEBE3
Also Pears Pluines, Prunes, and Peaches
Ornamental trees fur lawns nnd grass
plots.   Small fruits, "shrubs   and evergreens of every variety.
I fi, Gilchrist,
Geo. Bevilockway,
-*-    Red House    -*-
Oomrnercial St.     ��   Nanaimo. B. O.
Dealer in General Merchandise.
Highest cash Price Paid for Furs,IIides-,
and Country Produce.
Ralph Craig's
Nanaimo Steam
Qaston St. Bridge, Nanaimo, B. C.
General Blacksmithing, Horseshoeing
Carragc Building, etc.
Wagons and Fanning Implements
made aud repaired. Miners' Auger Drill's *ing Machines made to order on short
J. G. Melvin
Experienced Watchmaker
Manufacturing Jeweler
And Diamond Setter.
Work done for the trade.
Repairing a specialty
A trial solicited
Orders hy mail
Hox 598, No 208 Abbot St. Vancouver.
Eureka   Bottling Works,
Sarsaparalla and Champagne Cider, Iron Phosphates, Syrups.
Dottier of Different Brand- of Lager Peer Steam Peer and Porter
Agent for Union Hrewery Company.
Nanaimo and Courtenay B.  C.
2. D. McLean
Jeweler, Bookseller
and Dealer in
Organs, Pianos, Music
Stationery, and Notions of all kinds.
Union   Mines, B. C.
I have some splended lots
for sal?, both business and re
Now is the time to buy to
advantage before tiie Canada
Wcstaia Railway readies here.
Witis the advent of the railway, in addition to the other
conceded advantages of the
place, prices must rule very
This town is located in the
tnidst ofthe krgestagricultural
setdement on Vancouver Island. Jt is within six miles of
Union Mines affording the farmers of thc valley the very
Sjest hoEie market, and is situated on the rally highway
leading from the settlement to
the mines. The lumber interests of this section are most ex
tensive, and are an importaiH
factor in our progress.
The per tent of improvements of this town during the
present year is greater than
any 01 her place the Coast
can hoast of, aud the march of
improvement 3s still onward.
The prosperity of the town
has for its foundations, therefore iarge mineral, agricultural,
and timber recources. It may
also be added that no section
furnishes a better field for the
sportsman. Fish and game
are always abundant and# our
hotels of the best
For particulars  address.
Joseph McPhee
Courtenay B.C.
. >   %
Wm. Cheney
[   Office al the bridge ]
COTJR/TE2ST^**2-  B. O.
Real Estate Agent and Auctioneer.
Lots sold on easy terms,
Comox Saw Mills.
Rough and Dressed Lumber
White Pine always in stock.
All orders executed promptly.
Urphart Bros, JProprs, Comox fi.0-


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