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The Cumberland Islander Apr 3, 1931

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Array 'Common Clay'
A picture we can unhesitatingly recommend
imberland Islander
llo-llo Theatre
Good Showing
By Gym. Pupils
Newly   Formed   Class   Gives
Creditable Performance
Cumberland, March 30.—The old
Band Hall at Cumberland was the
scene of a very Interesting gymnastic
display on Saturday night by a number of the members of the newly formed gymnastic classes conducted by two
old Imperial army instructors, Messrs.
Harry and William Jackson. The display was a most excellent one, more
especially in view of the fact that the
boys have only been training for a few
weeks. The result of the intensive
training of the past few weeks showed
that the Instructors have been most
thorough ln their methods. There was
a fairly large good crowd present as
the boys paraded round the hall, led
by instructor Harry Jackson. The display Included exercises over the vaulting horse, club swinging, pyramids,
ground tumbling and boxing and wrcs-
' Ming. Those taking part In the display
were Bud Coombs, W. Shearer, Clyde
Lewis, J. Carrigan, T. Adamson, Sid
Hunt, J. Watson, Clarence Lewis, J.
Etherlngton, J. Hoffeinz, T. Mossey, T.
Conrod, W. Johnstone. J. Robertson,
J. Taylor and J. Monks.
The boxing bouts followed the exercises and was a real treat, the participants being loudly cheered. Two Uttle
chaps of very tender years stole the
show ln the Initial bout. It was a three
two-minute go between J. Bates and
.T. Oaiiazo. The youngsters stood toe
to toe und "swaped" punches like regular old-timers. The result was declared
a draw. AU other bouts were of four
two-minute rounds, no decision and
plenty of action was witnessed by the
fans. In all, five bouts were staged between J. Etherlngton vs. J. Hoffelnz;
J. Watson vs. Clarence Lewis; T. Adamson vs. Sid Hunt; Clyde Lewis vs.
J. Carrigan; Bud Coombs vs. W. Shearer. A four-round blindfold boxing
bout between J. O'Connor and R. Marshall was a scream. O'Connor wandered from the centre of the floor and
touching the ropes thought lt was his
opponent. Swing with a mighty wallop he knocked one of the spectators
off the end of the bench. The crowd
roared with laughter. This comedy
ended with neither boxer doing any
harm. It pleased the fans immensely,
A two-round wrestling bout between
T. Mossey and T. Conrod ended In a
draw, both getting a fall each.
The final turn of the night was
scheduled as a three-round wrestling
bout between Harry Jackson of Cumberland, and Harry Barnes of Drum-
heller. It only went to two rounds,
Jackson pinning his man easily.
The Merry Makers' orchestra was ln
attendance and rendered several popular selections.
Harry Jackson acted as referee for
the boxing bouts with Jack Williams as
time-keeper. W. Jackson and R. Mc-
Orath very ably assisted with the arrangements.
Thc local nre fighters branched out
and entered the sports game on Saturday last taking on thc Tyces of
Quathiaski Cove and won rather handily by three goals to nothing. This
win over the Tyee soccer stars has
evidently put thc firemen on their
mettle as one hears rumous of them
seriously considering entering the
sporting fraternity in real earnest. It
has been suggested to form a baseball
team and also a soccer team but
whether plans will materialize is hard
to determine at the present. As conditions are at present, the sport-loving fans hereabouts find it extremely
difficult to support the various organizations in existence hut probably
the firemen intend to play the games
for the sheer love of thc game and
not rely on outside contributions to
keep going.
Mrs. C. McDonald was hostess at
the home of Mrs. R. McNeil on Tuesday night to members of the Tuesday
Evening Bridge Club. Three tuhles
were in play, Mrs. J. Quinn gaining
first prize, Mrs. H. Parkinson second,
and Mrs. A. Clarke consolation. The
guest of the evening was Mrs. M.
Littler. Those present were Mrs. J.
Sulnn, Mrs. Gear, Mrs. K. Brown,
rs. M. Littler, Mrs. C. Whyte, Mrs.
R. McNeil, Mrs. H. Pnrklson, Mrs. It.
Littler, Mrs. J. Lockner, Mrs. W.
Hudson, Mrs. A. Clarke, Mrs. ■ R.
Abrams, Mrs. J. D. Dans nnd Mrs.
C. McDonald.
Auto Park Keeper's
Wife Died Sunday
Well Known to Many Local MotoruU
The death occurred at Nanaimo
Hospital on Sunday afternoon last at
4:30 of Phoebe Bradley, wife of Mr.
William Bradley, caretaker of the
Nanaimo Auto Park, death resulting
after only a brief illness. Mrs. Bradley, along with her husband, had been
» resident of Nanaimo for thc past
24 years and was exceptionally well
known both by thc residents of Na-
m-.'mo and district and by the motoring public who patronized the Nanaimo Auto Park. Many local motorists
will sympathize with Mr. Bradley in
his bereavement.
Eagles Speed
and Youth Too
Much for Vets,
Old Tim* Soccer Stan Take Five to
Nothing Beating
As the Lancashire man says:
"There's nowt beats a good owd 'un
except a good young 'un." The fact
was very clearly demonstrated Sunday last on the occasion of the meeting of Cumberland and Courtenay's
old time soccer stars and the Cumberland Eagles on the Recreation
Ground when, the youthful and
speedy Eagles triumphed by five
goals to nothing. The score does not
really represent the play and it cannot be aaid that the winners were five
goals better. Some of the old time
stars showed a good control of the
ball but not quick enough to part
with It, the Eagle players nipping in
like greased lightning had .the "old
boys" completely at sea foi* a time.
In the first ten minutes of the game
the Eagles were two goals up but
from then on the old timers took a
hand in the game and held their
youthful opponents up to the breather. During this half whilst much of
the midfleld play was in favor of the
old timers they never got within scoring distance of Jimmy Walker. The
svlii.itle at half time was a welcome
relief to Bobby Brown and his crowd,
including referee J, L. Brown.
The second half opened all In favor of the Eagles, whose half backs
easily controlled the opposing forwards. The crowd shouted for the
old timers to open up the game and
swing the ball Instead of playing too
close. Whilst their close together play
was at times pretty to watch It did
not gain much headway as the Eagle
halves were always masters of the
situation. Had the ball been swung
around more it might have been a
different story as the old timers, or
at least a number of them showed
better ball control than the Eagles
and it was clearly demonstrated that
younth and speed were far ahead of
age and experience. Three goals were
scored by the Eagles in this half,
bringing their total to.five. During
the last fifteen minutes the old timers
came to life with a vengeance. A well
directed raid on the Eagles goal nearly brought goals. Jimmy" Walker was
tested with a shot from quite 25
yards out by Jack Stewart who had
gone to the inside right position. That
started the excitement and for at
least fifteen minutes the ball was in
the Eagle half .Many shots were fired
at Walker who saved 'three or four
that looked tagged for counters.
However, the ball was eventually
cleared and the whistle sounded with
play in midfleld.
We are not going to say who was
the best on the old timers' team, all
worked hard and gave of their best.
The re-arranged Eagles' team worked very smoothly, the half line was
good and Howay at centre forward
was real good. He was ready and
willing at all times to take chances
und came pretty close to going
through on several occasions. Bartholdi was not as dangerous as he
was expected to be, "Skipper" Murray kept too close a watch on him.
The game was clean and very interesting to watch and as an indication
of how all the boys tried to play the
game and keep the ball in the play- .
ing area, It was well on Into the second half before the first corner resulted, the Eagles being forced to
concede. There was a good crowd of
spectators present but the gate
money did not realise what it should
have done. If the Eagles are to continue the general public will have to
he a little more liberal with the "iron
men". The Duncan Native Sons are
due here on the lith of April and as
the locals have guaranteed a substantial sum to the visitors a good crowd
will have to be on hand to cover the
A Challenge to Courtenay
Cumberland, March 30.—At
final basketball games played in
Courtenay on Thursday last, the
president of the league remarked that the Courtenay teams
compared favorably with any
teams In their class In Vancouver, Victoria, or in fact ln British Columbia. The Cumberland
Phantoms (boys) resent this
statement and take this opportunity of extending a challenge
to an aU-star team from the Comox District league, from which
Cumberland was barred from
entering earlier in the season
through being too good for Courtenay. The Phantoms wish the
net gate reoelpts to be spUt and
that the choice ot floor and referee rest with their opponents.
In the event of this challenge
being accepted, kindly notify the
editor of the Courtenay Free
Press or the editor of the Cumberland Islander.
Archibald Dick
Heads U. B. C.
Players Club
Archie Dick Is receiving the con-
crntulations of his many friends in
Cumberland and district on being elected rice-president of the Players'
Chili of the University of British Columbia. Membership in thc Players'
Club is eagerly sought by the students and is looked upon as a signal
honor when office is attained in this
popular club. The election was held
last week nnd Miss Alice Morrow
elected president. Miss Betty Wilson
secretary and Mr. R. I. Knight, treasurer. The committee also includes a
Courtenay boy, Mr. Harold Tull.
1%,- & K;^
Ilie Jflfest faster Mptn
-".' ~'l • Is
And when the sabbath was past, Mary
Magdalene, and Mary the mother of
James, and Salome, had brought sweet
spices, that they might come and annoint
And very early in the morning, the flrst
day of the week, they came unto the sepulchre at the rising of the sun.
And they said among themselves, Who
shall roll us away the stone from the door
of the sepulchre?
And when they looked, they saw that
the stone was rolled away: for it was very
And entering into the sepulchre, they
saw a young man sitting on the right side
clothed in a long white garment; and they
were affrighted.
And he saith unto them, Be not affrighted: Ye seek Jesus of Nazareth,
which was crucified: he is risen: he is not
here; behold the place where they laid
him.—Mark 16: 1-6.
Sudden Death Of
Cumberland Man
Interred  Wednesday  Afternoon  in
Cumberland   Cemetery
Krnest Silbey. colored, dropped
dead nn Sunday afternoon us he was
entering his home. West Cumberland,
doath being due to henrt failure.
Little is known of the dead man locally. He wns born in the West Indies
and was 47 yenrs of oge ami haB been
in   British   Columbia   22   years,   the
fiast two or three years in Cumber*
and. As far as can he ascertained the
deceased hnd no relatives in this part
of the country. The funeral took
place Wednesday afternoon at 2:80
from the undertaking parlors of T.
E. Banks, Dunsmuir avenue, interment taking place in thc Cumberland
Cemetery, Rev. J. R. Hewitt officiating.
The deceased had been in faling
health for some time, Dr. E. R. Hicks
attending Kim a year ago, under
whose care he has been more or less
since then. The coroner decided an
inquest was not nccessai-y.
Honor Paid To
Society Member
Mr. M. M. Brown Beelpient of Handsome Military Brushes
Cumberland, March 30.—Members of
the Welsh Society gathered at their
hall on Friday evening to honor one of
their members who lent such valuable
aid ln the remodelling of the building
recently. In the early evening cards
were Indulged in when whist winners
were Mrs. B. Tarr and T. McMillan,
Jr., firsts; Mrs. S. Rees and J. Lewis
consolation. After the serving of a
dainty supper provided by the ladles
and served at long tables, the Society's
president, J. Lewis asked Mr. M. M.
Brown, the guest of honor, to accept
a handsome set of military brushes.
complete ln case with the compliments
of the members as snuill token of their
appreciation of the assistance rendered them. Though taken completely by
surprise the recipient expressed hia
thanks stating that anything he had
done had been prompted by a dcslr? to
help and without thought of remuneration. Games of various kinds, dancing
to music supplied by Mrs. A. G. Jones
on piano, and solos by Mr. and Mrs.
Warren added to the merry occasion,
the gathering ending at a late hour.
Mrs. M. M. Brown snd Mrs. S. Covert
won ladles' and gent's prises respectively at the musical game.
Semi-Final For
Provincial Cup To
Be Played Here
Native Sons of Duncan Will Oppose
Local  Eagles
The Cumberland Eagles will meet
the Native Sons of Duncan in the
semi-final for the 0. B. Allan cup,
emblematic of the provincial junior
championship. The executive of the
local Eagles guaranteed the visitors
a substantial sum and with a neutral
referee, a Mr. Gordon, of Nanaimo,
the expenses of the official arbiter
will also have to be met. The game
will take place on Sunday, April 12,
and is sure to attract a large number
of fans. The Duncan team are reputed to be a fast aggregation and as a
number of ex-players of Ladysmith
are with the team, experience as
well as speed combines to make the
Duncan Native Sons n hard team to>
beat. The Eagles are training faithfully and are out to give the best
that is in them in nn endeavor to
bring the junior soccer chnmpionship
to Cumberland. Ways and means of
raining enough money to cover the
guarantee are being considered by
the Eagles' executive and it is up to
every soccer loving fan in the diatrict
to get behind the locals and attend
the game.
New Coal Markets
Are* Hoped For
Hon. W. A. McKenzie Tells How of
Fuel Tests by Railway
Tests with some promise of success
were being carried out by the Canadian
Pacific Railway in their Eastern Canada locomotive shops, and results of
thes trials with spark arresters might
prove of some importance to British
Columbia, Hon. W. A. McKensle, minister of mines, toldjhc legislature last
evening. It the tests did succeed in all
that was sought. It might lead to increased use of coal fuel on locomotives
ln Canada, he said.
Mr. McKenzie told of the action of
the Provincial Government In the use
of chain grate and pulverized fuel
burners In Government buildings, and
praised the efforts of the permanent
coal research committee in Its endeavor to educate the Industry and the
public ln Improved methods of coal
Mrs. McKenzie took a hopeful view
of the situation, and said though decreased output was a factor all over
the continent, it was reasonable to suppose a material Improvement In the
industry could be brought about by
Improved methods.
Friends of Mrs. D. Mitchell will bc
nleased to hear that she Is progressing favorably after her accident.
Mrs. Mitchell while hanging a blind
on the ltitchen window slipped off the
table on which she was standing, and
broke a rib in the left side. Mrs.
Mitchell is reefing at home.
Whitby, Ont., April 1.—Publication of nn apology for an error in a
newspaper heading was sufficient recompense, it wns found b y a jury in
a libel action brought by Charles
Love against the Whitby Gazette and
Chronicle. The case was dealt w'th
in .Supreme Court at Whitby, Mr.
Justice Kelly presided.
The statement of claim said that
the name of Charles Love had appeared in the heading of a story telling of conviction in Police Court of
Clifford Love on a charge of stealing.
Charles Love claimed that his good
name had been damaged in spite isf
the published apology and that bis
credit had been injured.
Defendant claimed that this right
name appeared throughout the body
of the article, but through o typographical error thc name of the plaintiff had appeared in the heading, An
apology had been offered und published when the plaintiff had brought
the error to notice of the defendant.
In announcing cost* ngainst thc
plaintiff, Mr. Justice Kc'Ily, replying
to an objection by counsel for plaintiff, said:
"I am not impressed nt all with
your client because the evidence
showed he did not co-operate in mitigating damages. I am quite convinced
he was 'out of law' I don't encourage
nny such conduct."
A. W. Neill, M.P.
And Armistice Day
Plea Made for Nov.  Uth to  Be
Permanent Date
In introducing a BUI to amend the
Armistice Day Act ln the House of
Common?, last week, A. W. Neill, MP.
"The Armistice Day Act, passed ln
1921, comprises two sections. It provides that the Armistice day celebration shall be held on the Monday In
the week in which November 11 falls.
The second .section provides that
Thnnksglving day shall be held on the
same day. The bill I now ask leave to
introduce repeals both these sections,
substituting for them one section
which provides that the celebration of
Armistice day shall be held on November 11 ln each year and no other day.
It makes no reference to Thanksgiving
day and therefore the procedure in regard to that will revert to the practice
thai prevailed prior to 1921, when by
proclamation the government could fix
the day at any time they liked. I do
not say anything in this bill as to
Thanksgiving day, I leave that entirely
open; I provide ln one section that
Armistice day shall be celebrated on
November II and upon no other day."
Mr, and Mrs. J. Bono's home on
Allen Avenue, was the setting for n
jolly party on Wednesday evening
when the younger set gathered to
celebrate the birthday of Miss Josephine Bono ami Mr. Jack Hill. All
kinds of games were entered into, the
party thoroughly enjoying themselves
until the hreaking-up which took
plnce in the "wee small hours of
Thursday morning." The two honor
guests were tendered delightful gifts
in commemoration of the occasion.
Delicious refreshments were served
during the evening. Those present
were Misses J. Bono, K. Bono, B.
Cavellero, K. Bartholdi, E. Picketti.
I. Price, V. Picketti, E. Conrod, M.
Beveridge, M. Gnzzano, Mr. and Mr.s.
.1. Bonoj nnd Messrs, It, Howay, C.
Bobba. II. Carey, V. Spencer, H.
McFarlane, H. Conrod, A. Brown ami
J. Hill.
Miss Mary Picketti and her sister,
Mrs, C. Aitken, will spend Easter vacation in  Vancouver.
This week end at the Gaiety Theatre, Courtenay, "King of Jn/V with
Paul Whitfinnn nnd his band will be
the attraction. On Easter Monday,
Tuesday and Wednesdny a big double
programme: Rin-Tin-Tin in "Man
Hunter",and Dorothy MucKaili in
"Flirting Widow." Thursday, Friday
and Saturday, next week end, Richard Barthelmess in "The Dawn Patrol."
Text Of Brief
Presented To
Prime Minister
We have already published the report of the delegation of the Cumberland Board of Trade which waited on Premier Bennett and we now
publish, in part, thc brief prepared
by our delegates, taken from the Nanaimo Herald of Sunday last:
The brief submitted to Premier
Bennett as prepared by Messrs Graham and Hindmnrch, and endorsed
by Messrs. A. W. Neill and C. H.
Dickie, reads as follows:
In presenting this resolution of the
Cumberland Board of Trade, and this
accompanying petition of the Vancouver Island eoal mining communities, Ladysmith, Cassidy, South Wellington, Extension, Nanaimo, Cumberland, Union Bay and district, we
draw your attention to the fact that
the resolution has the endorsation of
every existing Board of Tarde on
Vancouver Island, including the Associated Boards of Trade, and also
the Chamher of Commerce of Victoria, B.C. The resolution in itself
sets out quite fully the existing conditions of the industry nnd what we
believe is necessary to rehabilitate it.
The platform upon which you and
your party successfully appealed to
the country in the recent general election, was chiefly built upon a protective policy, and the election results we look upon us being an approval of your policy by the people
of Canada. In other- words, you and
your government were given a mandate to put into effect such a tariff
policy as was outlined in your pi-it-
form. We who have for years lived in
the local mining communities of Vancouver Island, und who have watched
the steady deelnie of the coal industry for the past twenty years, a decline that ean be clearly traced to
the importation of fuel oil from foreign countries, believe thut coal,
which obviously should be a basic industry, must he included in the list
of industries requiring assistance in
nny tariff revision under consideration.        •
We were further strengthened in
this thought by the inclusion in your
platform of a plank calling for the
crention of a nationnl fuel policy. We
arc not unmindful of the difficulties
attending tho creation of such a fuel
policy but the very fact that it contains difficulties is all the more reason, that in an issue so paramount
to our future Industrial life, we
should at once set ourselves to the
tusk of advancing it until we have
successfully attained our objective.
Nor have we forgotten that the placing of a tariff on fuel oil will meet
with strong opposition from interests
that are not only numerous but an;
powerful, Inasmuch as they represent
large und influential vested interests
that are carrying on industries within our country and giving employment to many men. It is, therefore,
deemed necessary to submit to you
some argument as to why we believe
that our petition should he granted.
We shall endeavor to be ns brief as
Coal was discovered in Nanaimo in
1861, and three years later coal mining on Vancouver Island had been
established as an Industry. This was
well over 70 years ago, so that il may
be said that the coal industry was one
of the earliest industries on the Is*
land ,and it hns always been, and still
is one of the most important. The
market for conl in the earlier days of
the industry was very limited, but
still the industry went steadily ahead,
more than keeping pace with the
growth and development of the Province, Indeed, up to 1000, and for a
few years later, it not only supplied
the fuel needs of the Province, but
shipped its surplus output as far
south as San Francisco. In addition
to the mines of Nanaimo, oilier mines
were opened up at Cumberland, at
Wellington, at East Wellington, at
South Wellington, at Ladysmith and
Cassidy. All these mines are located
on the enst shore of Vancouver Island and from Ladysmith south to
Cumberland north, the distance is
only about 100 miles, and covers
wliat is known as tbe central portion
of  Vancouver   Island.
These coal mining cities and communities grew and prospered with
the steady development of the coal
industry. Nanaimo, it might be pointed out, was incorporated as a city in
1H74, at which time the big city of
Vancouver was not much bettei nor
bigger than a sawmill camp. It was
the coal industry and the spending
power of the eoal mining communities that, more than anything else,
helped and speeded up the development of the Island. It wns the needs
of these communities ond the business that was to be done with them,
(Continued on  Page Two)
Must Relieve
Government    Opponents    Ask    Additional   Direct   Relief
Ottawa, March 31.—Warning of
serious developments, widespread distress, and even riots, if something is
not done to relieve unemployment,
were heard ia the House of Commons today. The supplementary
estimates were sidetracked for all the
afternoon and a large part of the
evening sitting, while members from
Labor und Liberal benches pressed
the Government to continue direct
unemployment relief. It would be disastrous, they said, if relief was discontinued today—the last dny of the
present fiscal year when votes passed
at the emergency session of Parliament for this purpose, would, they
contended, expire.
No indication bad been given which
inspired hope that the Government
proposed to bring in measures to deal
with thc serious unemployment situation, said A. \V, Neill, Independent,
Conmx-Alberni. Mr. Neill declared
that municipalities in Canada had
strained themselves last year to alleviate unemployment conditions. They
could not be expected to continue
doing this. It was time now for the
Government to make preparations
for next fall and winter, wben conditions would certainly be serious
again. He was afraid that "we are
just going to drift along until a desperate situation faces us." There
must, said Mr. Neill, lie greater cooperation between capital and labor
in industry. Some form of unemployment insurance might be necessary
for the future, but unemployment insurance was not a thing which could
be established in a day. It should be
a very well thought out scheme on a
contribution basis. In the meantime
the unemployed must be provided
for. Finally after half a dozen or
more speakers had expressed their
views, the discussion wore itself out
and the motion of Permier R. B.
Bennett that the House go into committee of supply carried. The supplementary estimates were taken up
without the Government having made
any pronouncement on the unem-
ploy situation.
Doings At The
Athletic Club
Good work is being done to the
lawn nt the Cumberland Bowling
Green and it is confidently expected
that play will commence not later
than May 24th. The lawn has been
forked up and is being given a top
dressing of sand. The right kind of
sand is very bard to obtain but the
secretary of the club managed to get
some from the road leading to Jock's
Point but as there was only a small
pocket of it, not enough was obtained to do quarter of the green. The
kind of sand required is known as
coarse bristly sand which is extremely hard to obtain.
Cribbage and checker tournaments
at the club have almost reached the
final stages which will bring to a
close for this winter all tournaments.
Great interest has been shown in the
tournaments this season and some
real good games have been witnessed.
Tbe pupils of the gymnastic classes
under instructors W. and H. Jackson
intend to put on a monster show at
Courtenay in  the near future.
Following the custom of previous
years, all stores in Cumberland will
be closed on Raster Monday, as well
as Good Friday. This notice will give
shoppers ample timo to prepare their
shopping lists for presentation to the
store-keepers on Saturday. All stores
of course, will be open until the usual time Saturday night.
Oil Deposit Is
Found In Mine
Fernie, March 25.—An oil deposit
wns discovered recently in one of the
coal seams of the Michel mines. It is
ouly of local nature. The remains of
the   oil   would   suggest   tbat   it   hod
flowed from some othor source
All the gaseous part of thc oil has
long since cv&porated, leaving numerous small lenses of hard oil residue,
Impregnating tho coal and giving the
coal a very lustrous black color.
Sample were sent to the geological
department »l Ottawa. This department states that this deposit is of a
very unusual occurrence but is of no
commercial  value.
Easl Lynne at Ilo-Ilo
The management of the Ilo-
Ilo has been successful in booking East Lynne fur Thursday,
Friday and Saturday, April the
2 .'Ird 2-lth and 2.'*>th immediately following the showing of this
great play at the Capitol Theatre, Vancouver. There is a
wonderful easl in this great
talkie including Ann Harding,
Clive Brook, Conrad Nagel, Cecilia Loftus, Beryl Mercer, O.
P. Reggie. Flora Sheffield, David Torrence, Eric Mayne, Wal-
lie Albright nail a host of other
players. The story is the original theme, derived from thc
world-famous novel by Mrs.
Henry Wood, has been embellished and enriched by two of
tbe most expert screen writers
—Bradley King and Tom Barry. East Lynne is said to be the
greatest stage play of all time
—it is Infinitely better as a ,
i-  .  q PAGE TWO
FRIDAY, APRIL :ird, 19.11.
The Cumberland Islander
»HE ORIGIN of Easter as a Spring festival is
shrouded in the haze of the awakening of the
Some people are blest with abundance left them
by their ancestors, and are not compelled to battle
for the necessaries of life, which may be a happy
state, but after all its a little thing to boast of and
really impertinent to go about expressing the idea,
"I don't have to work." It's a God-send that all
are not so blest, for if none h,id to shift for themselves the old world would soon become as stagnant as a cess-pool. Necessity, it is said, is the
mother of invention, and those that "have work"
are the ones that keep the wheels of progress moving, and not those that are resting at ease in the
of British Columbia.
Economically anil politically there
is no reason why the national tariff
policy of the Dominion .should not be
applied to the coal industry of Vancouver Island. The industry is a Canadian industry, and it is exploiting a
great natural resource. The tariff policy ofthe present Government haa
been elearly stated anil is being fearlessly enforced. Here in the Vancouver Island coal situation thore is an
old established Canadian industry being driven out of its own home market by the unfair competition of Am-
earth from sleep of winter as worshipped with    plenty which others have earned and bequeathed    erjcan fuel oil. If it is the pur
pagan rites long before the primitive missionaries
of the Christian church separated to establish
their new religion throughout the world, as it was
then known. Coincident with the date of this celebration was the Paschal feast of the Jews, so that
all peoples and creeds recognized the occasion. Before the time of the Puritans in England and
Calvin in Europe—two great influences regulating
the religious thought of the times—the celebration of Easter had become an unlicensed carnival
to which people yielded themselves as a reaction
after the preaching and example and element of
austerity of Lent, but through their dignity was
restored to the annual festival, and in this spirit
it has been continued to the present day.
In all countries is this celebration observed, and,
up to a few years ago, none more so than in Russia
where the Greek Church prevailed. Social and religious events in that country were marked by
rejoicing and the meetings of the people in the
streets—whether Czar of Moujik—were signalled
by a kiss and the greeting. "Christ is Risen!"
Particularly at Rome, Paris, Berlin, Jerusalem and
.Mexico is the festival celebrated with pomp and
ceremony, but in all cities and places does the
Easter festival demand the full glory of the
Spring—the loveliest (lowers, most sumptuous
music, gorgeous sacredotal vestments and smiles
and grace and joy of women and children in beautiful attire.
The Easter festival of our forefathers covered
a period of fifteen days. The week beginning with
Easter Sunday was almost given over entirely to
sport and games and general merry-making. An
odd feature of the old-time celebration was that
of heaving or lifting, the "heaved" sitting in a
chair decorated with white ribbons. Easter Monday and Easter Tuesday were known as heaving
days, the women sitting in a chair on Monday and
to them.
VANCOUVER Island coal men went to Ottawa with a
petition signed by T200 people, asking for a higher
duly on imported fuel oil, ami lhat British Columbia be granted tho subvention now granted to Alborta
and Nova Scotia,
A.- a result, they have assurance that the federal
government will consider both these icquesta.
The Vancouver Island coal situation is serious. Production has dtopped from 3,289,000 toil! in 1910 to 1,800,-
000 tons in 1930. ln the last four y;ars it has dropped
27 per cent, and the annual drop now is estimated ot 10
per cent. The mines employ 38 per cent fewer miners
than they did in 1910.
Imports of fuel oil have increased to 160,000,000 gallons a year. Of that, 30,000,000 gallons came in aa fuel
oil and paid the existing duty of half a cent per gaHon.
The balance was residue from local refineries and came in
duty free.
In addition to higher duty on imports, the coal men
want a duty on residues here. The subvention, or bonus,
which they usk Is applied on exports, and coal men believe
it will be of great help lo them in entering foreign
Canada needs u national coal policy that will help all
her coal-producing provinces. That policy should embrace scientific research and freight r ite adjustment, and
should go right to the bottom of the tt.riff question to find
the greatest ultimate benefits.
Research will develop the use of powdered fuel, and
salesmanship will tell its advantages to the people of
Canada and otlier nations. Freight rate adjustment will
involve agreement with the railways that will make it
possible lo move British Columbia and Alberta and Maritime coal on a competitive basis. Th; higher duty asked
for is designed to protect the industry while it gets on
its feet.
Canada can afford to specialize on coal research. She
cannot afford to let this big national asset collapse.
:—Vancouver Sun.
the men on Tuesday. Those heaving or lifting the —■ ■ ■■ ■    ■■■■ ■    -,     —-
chair were expected to lift it three times and then As the result oi the new law in the Isle of Man __ _	
kiss the occupant, who, in turn kissed them. To compelling every seaman to have a life-boat cer- in mind that no
the regret of the lads and lasses in the district tificatc, sailors of 70, ship's pantry boys in their "'••■'■■■-   --'   *■
where the novel ceremony was once performed, teens and those in between are taking lessons in
the custom has long since died out. life-saving.
Text Of Brief
Presented To
Prime Minister
(Continued from page 1
that led to the building of the E. &
N. Railway. The Island mining towns
have also been big and steady customers of Vancouver businoss and
wholesale house?. Naturally, also they
have prodded an enormous amount
of business and trade for the big
transportation companies] so that it
may reasonably be claimed that the
coal industry has not only played a
leading part in the development of
Vancouver Island, but has contributed very materially to the general
building and prosperity of the Province.
It perhaps might as well be made
clear at this point, that no industry
puts as much of its product back into
wages as the coal industry. For example, in Nanaimo less than two tons
nf coal were produced daily by each
employee of the mine. In other words
if one of the mines at Nanaimo produced 2,000 tons of coal daily, there
would bc more than 1,000 employees.
Thia again would mean a community
of about 5,000 people, with all the
business that i* implied in the purchase of the bare necessities of life.
AU tho wages paid to the miners are
immediately put into circulation, and
storekeepers, manufacturers, whole-
salt* houses, farmers and transportation companies reap a direct benefit
This peculiar feature of the coal industry must always be borne in mind
when Us interests are being discussed.
Thc Island coal mines naturally
find their home market on the Island
and on the Lower Mainland. This
market includes thc cities of Victoria.
New West minster, and Vancouver,
cities with which the coal mining communities have done all iheir business
for over 50 years, and to the building
up of which they have contributed in
no small measure. Tliey are still doing business with these cities nnd
with the C. P. H. Co. which provides
them with their only means of transportation.
Ill tbe first decade of the new century, Island coal industry continued   i flourish and there seemed to be
j Floral Designs j
; Mads up to Muit any  occasion. •
• Any order 'phoned before mid- ■
l night will ho waiting for you ;
; the following morning. j
• Just 'Phone Your Request j
• We'll do the rest |
• No. U 324 Courtonay '.
I Night   'Phone   9BX j
a brighter and still more prosperous
future ahead. In the year 1910, the
production of coal in British Colum-
bia reached its peak. The output in
that year was 3, 139,286 tons, where,
as last year it had sunk to 1,888,021
tons. It was in the same year 1910,
that fuel oil from California was introduced into British Columbia. The
total number of gallons consumed in
1910 was five million, whereas lasl
year the total had grown to the huge
figure of 160,000,000 gallons. The
output of coal in these UO years dropped almost 50'J whilp the importation of American fuel oil increased
by over .100'/,.
These figures will serve to explain
true history and a plain and simple
tinds itself in, and furnish thc chief
reason and argument for the request
now being made for a protective duty
on fuel oil. This is intended to be a
true history and a plain and ismple
statement of the coal situation on
Vancouver Island. To put it as briefly and hluntly as possible, the industry is threatened with total extinction. The conditions prevailing are
not the result of the world-wide depression in business, although, of
course, they may have.been aggravated by it. The present disastrous
situation i nthe Island coal industry
has been brought about directly and
almost entirely, by th* invasion of
the home fuel market by American
fuel oil. The situation is that several
mines have heen closed down, and
that the mines still operating are not
producing to capacity and are only
working slack time. Hundreds of
miners have heen thrown out of work
while those remaining in employment
nre not earntngenough to provide the
bare necessities of life owing to idle
Take the month of February just
past. Out of three mines in Nanaimo
only one is operatinland even that
one with a reduced force of men.
This one mine then only worked eleven days in February, or one day less
than half time. There are fortnightly
pays for the miners on Vancouver
Island, and for the first two weeks in
February our miners in Nanaimo had
six days' pay to draw and for tho se-
cond two weeks only five days. And
there is a deeper significance to this
than appears on the face of it. Feb-
ruary Isa winter month, when naturally one looks for a brisk demand in
the local domestic market. If the
mines are to carry on and the miners
to live through the summer months,
then February should have been a
full month, with the mine working
every day, If, in a winter month, the
mine works less than half time then
it stands to reason thatlt wall work
even less time in thc three hot
months of the summer, And should
this actually occur, there will be increased and acute distress among the
miners and throughout the community, with the gathering threat of the
mine being closed down altogether.
The other mines on* the Island at Ladysmith, South Wellington, Cumberland did very little better and the
-situation is that th^ coal mining communities on the Island are in worse
shape and suffering greater hardships than at any time in the history
of the coal industry. And there is no
ray of light nor hope for the future.
There remains, then, only one possible means of salvation for this Island coal industry, one of the oldest
industries in the Province. This is the
placing of an adequate duty on imported fuel oil, and on residue imported crude oil which is sold as fuel
in the fuel market of British Columbia. This duty must be an adequate
one, so ns to give Vancouver Island
coal, at least, an equal chance with
American fuel oil in the home market
and the function of the national tariff policy of Canada to ensure adequate protection for Canadian industries against foreign competition then
here is a case for its application. Coal
mined on the Island cannot compete
In Vancouver.or in any other section
of the home fuel market, with American fuel oil. This Is the case for
thu application of the tariff policy
of the country to Vancouver Island
coal. The Industry has already been
almost driven Into ruin, and unless
it is granted the benefit uf adequate
protection, such as Is prescribed in
the tariff policy of the Dominion for
such cases then It will bo forced Into
irretrievable ruin,
If this should happen, «« hnppen
it will unless tlm Government places
an adequate duty on imported foreign fuel oil, thc prosperity of British Columbia, particularly, and, to
some extent, the genernl prosperity
of the Dominion will suffer an irreparable blow.
Turn tothe other side of the picture. Who has benefitted from the
millions of dollars that are paid \q
American oil corporations for American fuel oil? The use of Island coal
helps to build up the Province! the
use of fuel oil benefits onlv the American o|l companies. The money
earned by the miners and by those in
the coal mining communities serving
the miners Is spent where it Is earned.
Everyhodv within the range of this
business benefits from it one way or
another. The conl Industry enriches
the country nnd builds it up. The
American fuel oil business Impoverishes British Columbia. It takes the
money out of the Province and pulls
down h.>me industries. The huge sums
of money paid to Californian oil companies for fuel oil by British Columbia consumers when there is n British Columbia coal available, is perhaps one of the most serious aspects
ofthe situation.
It should be considered in connection witli the w|der problem of a national fuel policy. It hns to be borne
in mind that no country can hope to
achieve real industrial supremacy
which has not an independent supply
of fuel. It is the countries which possessed a coal supply, making them independent of any other country,
which have forged ahead in industry.
Canada, in this respect, occupies a
peculiar position. It is estimated that
the Dominion possesses one-seventh
of the world's coal deposits. This na-
ural wealth in conl should, in itself
ensure a great industrial future for
the country. As it happens, however,
geographical factors cut across and
Interrupt the natural play and trend
of economic laws and economic development. The coal deposits of the
Dominion are situated on the Atlantic and Pacific seaboards, while the
great industrial centres of Cinada
are located midway of each border.
From this midway mark across the
border to the South, there are huge
coal deposits within ensy reach of the
centres of Canadian industry. Canadian coal from mines of Nova Scotia
(continued on page H)
DDD—a sluggish
pimply skin needs
its tonic action
\n a, live Hull! Hint .tainsrs the tliv
mrs tt un-lastly impurities. Skin
nutTeiws—give tills tmitmeiit a test.
Suolliiiuc, (topliiig, bWllUS—fl remiiik.
iM • •■ -ent.
For some time we have been bothered with boys breaking insulators by
shooting at them or by throwing
stones. As this matter is very serious
and might bc the means of stopping
work In the mines for one day or
more, anyone found damaging thc
Company's property will be prosecuted to the fullest extent of the law.
By order of the Management,
uhitio,*-—^^^    I La
• Commercial
■ llt;i(liiii«rttrr»
Accomodation  The  BVst
Rooms Steam Heated
CLEAR as a crisp
and frosty
morning! Phoenix
Lager is delicious
with any meal . . .
at any hour!
A Real Laundry
Comox Valley Laundry
ThnmaB Bros.
Phono   71   or   23,   Cumberland
Courtenay Phone 200
Let  ui  snake  thing,  look  like
new for you thii Spring.
Ihis advertisement is not published or display ;:d  by  thc  Liquor Control  Board or by  the
Government  of   British   Columbia
Edmund Lowe
Joan Bennett
A Master mind
in another man's
masquerading .is another
man—his prize a beautiful
bride. Their amazing love
tangle makes this a most
unusual and thrilling picture.
Directed by
William K. Howard
Tuesday and
April 6th, 7th and 8th
See and Hear Living Africa!
.ill    The Strangest Romance Ever Filmed
The Black Heart of Equatorial Africa—the Belgian and French Congo—the Duck-Billed Women
—the Pygmies—the Most Amazing Lion Fight
Ever Screened!
The Lives—the Loves—the Vengeance and the
Triumphs of the People of the Trackless Congo.
A Panorama of Cruelty, Sensuality and Amazing
Feats of Heroism.
Hill    Thrilling!     Sensationl!     Different!
Thursday, Friday, Saturday--""" FRIDAY, April 3rd, 1931.
Canada Must Win
Wnld Championships
World Chsmpionshlps In 1983 will bs wonky faratrs
who recognize that the cleanest and bwt quality
'••eft with the moat careful cultivation ara •ssintial
to the production of exhibition grain. WhIU It la
recognised that these ihinis ahould apply lo tkw
whole crop area, concentration upon a imalt plot la
the iieiit plan for .teeming an exhibit sample. If
such a plot ia aubjected to extra preparation—with
more care probably than It la possible Ut devote la
the whole emp area—and aown to the very choicest
spi»t it will not only provide good quality foundation
atoclc for next spring's seeding, but a winning
simple for exhibition at
GUdin Exhibition.
«md Conference
REGINA, JULY 25 & AUG. 6.1952
Thli pnt World Kihlblllon and dntwrnxt _ _.„.__
tor thr Itcnent of Canadian farmer*, for tht ad*aae»BMt af
Canadian agriculture, to dimon-.trite Um luptrlotltr uf Cana-
illan llrlti i-rnpi, ta furthtr Minn MM* * world-Wide aajHig
foi I'aiiidlan crop produota—t'anarta . . , astlnst all
competitor*   .   .   .   niMt win the utlol awani.
$200,000 in Cash Prtett
j 100 Ur 10 tan ef s„...
$ 3M Ur 10 Iki. ef Hai; M Ike. tf llaa; M Ht.
All provincial rommlttttt bar* i-ptdal lluiatura for halnloi
ltit«ndlTis  eililbltoti.    tor  thin  inform*! lon  write tbe tom-
Airlrulture. Truro; NEW mii:N	
Of   InlcullUrt.   FrwJerictnn:   MANITOBA:	
IMpt. of Atfrlculturr. Winnipeg; BRITISH COLUMBIA: u
Tice, Field Crop* Oontmluloner, U; PRINCE KOWABD
IHLAND: J. w. Rmilter, Vmaj Minister of Agrieultute.
charjottrtownj HASKATtW.WAN: Ft. H. Vigor, Dspt -
Aarlrulturr,  Rcitni; AI.HKHTA* E. L   Qny, nept. of J
Grain   Eihiblttan
Rfglnr    -'"    -- ■
When Purchasing
See that it bears the name of Hotpoint   or   Manning-Bowman   which
* stand for outstanding quality in Elec
trical Appliances.
A full line of percolators, waffle irons
grills, vacuum cleaners, irons, curling
tongs, etc., always on hand.
for Sale by
Cumberland Electric Lighting
Company Limited
Cumberland and Union
Waterworks   Co.,   Ltd.
Phone 75
A. B. CLINTON, Manager.
Manufacturers of
Rough and Dressed Lumber
All higher grade Finishings, Moudings and every
building material.'
Royston Lumber Co., Ltd.
R. R. Nn. 1, Cumberland, B. C.
_   f Office, Cumberland 169
I Night Call, Courtenay 134X
Text Of Brief
Presented To'
Prime Minister
iContinued from l'age two)
and of Alberta cannot be delivered
in theindustrial cities of Canada at
a price which will compete with Am-
c. can coal in the same centre. This
is entirely due to the distance which
separates the Canadian mines from
the Canadian markets, and the result
is that millions of dollars' worth of
American coal is imported into Canada, and the American railways reap
all the benefit from the hauling of
this coal.
The circumstances are entirely different in British Columbia. Here the
mines on Vancouver Island are located quite close to the biggest part
ui the home fuel market. There is no
question oi^hauling, and there Is un
utmost unlimited quantity of coal
available. However, preference has
been given to American fuel oil, and
the problem of a national fuel policy
has been made still more difficult. In
spite of the fact that the hauling of
coal from mining to industrial centres has been one of the biggest factors in the industrial and business
development of the United States, the
Canadian Pacific Railway, Canada's
biggest transportation corporation,
has been a pioneer user of American
fuel oil, and has set an example which
British Columbia manufacturers have
been all too ready to follow.
The big consumers of American
fuel oil (and all of them have used
Island coal and thereby increased the
volume of their business) are the
Canadian Pacific Railway Company,
the Canadian National ( and the Powell River Paper Co. The Canadian Pacific Railway was built wth the assistance of the Canadian people. The
Canadian National belongs to the
Canadian people, and is, of course,
under the control of the Canadian
Government which represents the
people of Canada. The Powell Rivet-
Paper Co. and other paper companies
are exploiting one of the natural resources of the Canadian people, so
that all three are more or less under
the obligation of supporting Canadian industry when the preference
lies between this industry and a for-
eing competitor. In these cases cited,
however, an almost increditable preference has been shown for American
fuel oil as against Vancouver Island
coal. For eighteen years the E. & N.
Railway, a subsidiary company of
the C. P ,R. has run all its trains with
American fuel oil. These, trains both
freight and passenger, run for one
hundred miles through a coal country,
dotted with coal mining cities and
settlements. The company has seen
mine after mine closed down, and
watched its business steadily decreasing, but still continues to haul its
trains with fuel oil burning locomotives. Only last month (February) it
was forced to cancel the operation of
one of its daily passenger trains
which had been running for years.
American fuel oil is being used as
a  substitute  for  Vancouver  Island
coal for heating and power purposes.
. Here may be cases where fuel oil is
more convenient than coal, and
where cond..tians may .call for its USe
m the place of coal. These cases '
ought to receive every consideration
when the question of duty is being
decided. But the chief reason why
American fuel oil has displaced Vancouver Island coal is that it is a
cheaper fuel, and even at that more
has been claimed fork than has been
proven by experience. In any event,
the counter argument is that the coal
■■ndustry of the Island is worth more
to the Province and to the Dominion
than the saving in fuel bills effected
oy the use of American oil in preference to cool. There is the further
point that the saving in the fuel bill
effected by the use of cheap .fuel oil
has not come out in lessened prices
to the consumer. It used to cost as
much to take a car from Nanaimo to
\nncouver, a distance of less than
forty m.:lcs, as it did to ship the same
'■•ir from Victoria to Vancouver, a
distance twice as great. Crude oil
comes into Vancouver free of duty,
and there in local refineries, gasolines
and oils ure extracted. Thereis a
marked difference between the price
of these gases and oils in Vancouver
and the price in Seattle. And then the
residue of the crude oil left after the
refining processes are completed is
dumped into the fuel market of the
Province as fuel oil.
The point it is here sought to make
is that this oil is a substitute for Vancouver Island coal. No industry
would suffer, nor would the progress
of the Province be interfered with,
it there were no fuel oil available. On
the other hand it fa the use of fuel
oil which is interfering with the coal
industry, und retarding the proper
nnd natural development of the Province. The coal industry builds up the
Province, and adds to its spending
wealth. The trade in fuel oil takes
millions of dollars a year out of the
Province, and is a burden and a drag
upon the progress and the development of the Province. Fuel oil is not
necesSary to the economic expansion
of the Province. Coal is, and the deposits on the Island are a part of*
Canada's national- heritage, and a
proven source of wealth. The Department of Trade and Commerce
has already complel ed one public
campaign, the object of which was to
hammer home to., the Canadian people the advantage of buying Canadian products. The campaign was
supplementary to the tariff policy on
which the present government was
elected, nnd among other things emphasized the necessity of Canadian
people buying Canadian products if
real progress and general prosperity
were to be reached in Canada. Coal
is certainly a Canadian product, and
just as it fell within the scope and
plan of this campaign, so it must be
included in thc operation of the national tariff policy, of the Dominion.
There is just one other consideration it may be pertinent to discuss
before closing this case. It has been
pointed out that the coal situation
here has its bearing upon the question of n national policy. It has been
argued inasmuch as a coal industry
is necessary to a country's economic
expansion andindustrial security it is
Seedless and full of juice, 60 for .
fy 2 Pink Salmon, total value 90c
SPECIAL PRICE, 3 one-pound tins 76c
2 lbs. of Bulk Tea and 1 Green Tea Pot, 5-cup At-
capacity for 9 vl>
Full Stock of Fresh Fruits and Vegetables.
Matt Brown s Grocery
For Service and Quality
j|l     Phone 30 Cumberland     |
Hospital Ball
under auspices of the
Ladies' Auxiliary Cumberland General Hospital
Admission $1.00
Refreshments included
t. .
I    Town Topics    |
7 ...
t* *********************************
Members sit* the Ladies' Sewing
club met at the home of Mrs. C.
Nash, Maryport avenue on Wednesday evening. Dainty refreshments
were served by the hostess during the
evening and ,t social time enjoyed by
all. Among those present were: Mra.
B. R. Hicks, Mrs. G. K. MacNaughton, Mrs. Watson, Mrs. Ledingham,
Mrs. J. W. Frame, Mrs. J. C. Brown,
Mrs. J. Dick, Mrs. C. H. Macintosh,
Mrs. C. J. Parnham, Mrs. E. W.
Bickle, Mrs. D. McLean, Mr.i. D. R.
MacDonald (Courtenay), and Miss
Members of the Cumberland Men'* .
Bridge Club journeyed to Royston on
Wednesday evening to meet at the
home of Mr. Frank Dalby. Four
tables were in play and a very jolly
time wns had by all present. Members attending were Messrs. J. Conway, R. Shaw, T. H. Mumford, H,
Bryan, C .W. Sillence, J. J. McCreadie, W. P. Symons, W. H. Cope, J.
H. Vaughan, Wm. Eadie, L .H. Finch,
N. 0. De Witt, L. R. Stevens, W. Mason, W. P. Kelly, Sergt. Mansell nnd
F. J. Dalby. Appetizing refreshments
were served following the card games
The meeting next week will be at the
home of Mr. N. De Witt and will be
the last of thc season.
.   t *•
Miss Tess A. Gallivan, of the
teaching staff of the Cumberland
Public School, will spend Easter vacation in Vancouver.
Mr. and Mrs. George E. Apps and
family will spond the Easter holidays
with relatives at Mission.
ss      ss      *
Mr. Harry Norris of the local office of the Provincial Government
will spend Easter in Victoria.
Mrs. H. Mortimer and family, of
Powell River, are spending Easter
holidays with Mrs. Flora Baird;
mother of Mrs. Mortimer.
Dr. McKechnie, who has been looking after the practice of Dr. G.. K.
MacNaughton during the absence of
the member of parliament for Comox
District, will leave for his home in
Vancouver today, Dr. MacNanghton
having returned to the city.
of vital Importance that it should receive extra consideration in the framing and shaping of national policies.
It is clear enough that should ever
an economic emergency arise between two countries one of which is
dependent for its fuel supply upon
the other, the dependent country,
would be placed in a position of great
disadvantage and even of great danger.
This concludes our case in support *
of the resolution we have been delegated to submit to you, and in behalf
of the signatories to the petition we
are here to represent. There is no
need for any recapitulation of the
points and arguments we have laid
econom iM Micums dishes
.clip ^liis coupon   ,
Thli fnmoui Kft*l|» Hook contain* nearly 100 prize rwipM rhotcn
trom 7S.M0 rweltnl Irom all pint of Canada.   Tliey nre indorsed
bv ime of Canada'! (orcmoil food eipert*.    Ri- ture  in en clot*
It cenl* in itampl or coin In cover maillnd CMH>
Orders left at Henderson's Candy Store will receive
David Hunden, Jr.
COAL     —     GENERAL HAULING     —     WOOD
of all descriptions
before you. We do, however, as a last
word, wish to stress and emphasize
the extreme seriousness of the coal
situation on Vancouver Island as it
affects the miners and their families
and those others who are dependent
upon the mines for their livelihood.
Ladysmith and Cumberland and Nanaimo—all three cities are almost entirely dependent upon the mines for
their very existence. The communities from Ladysmith to Cumberland
have suffered ever increasing hardships for the last few years, and now
their condition has become intolerable, with utter ruin and disaster
looming ahead of them. Nanaimo is
a city of a population of ten thousand. Unless there is relief for the
coal industry, it will be ruined. So
will tho cities of Ladysmith and Cumberland nnd other mining towns on
the Island. Of the men employed in
these mines 80'/< are of British stock,
and a large number of these own
their own homes which represent
their life's savings. Should the mines
close down (and they cannot continue to operate with conditions as
they are and with the market as it is)
these men will not only be thrown nut
of work but will have to abandon
their homes.
Distilled from very
old malts . . . and
bottled in Scotland.
Average age over
12 years.
Strength ... mellow
age ... the Hum
Canadians hnve demanded for over 100
M%nte*t(tTl>*n dlompung.^li
at ifliinni'tn
inco'ss'O'sasli. *"s **, 'tro
This advertisement is not published or displayed by the Liquor
Control Board or by the Government of British Columbia.
Star Livery Stable
ALEX MAXWELL, Proprietor.
Autos for Hire.   Coal and Wood Hauling given very
prompt attention.   Furniture and Piano
Storage if desired.
Phone!) 4 and 61
Cumberland, B.C.
Automobile Side Curtains and
Harness Repaired
Dental Surgeon
Office Cor. of Dunsmuir Ave.
Opposite Ilsi-llo Theatre
The Scottish
Alice St., Courtenay
PHONES:     226—CourUnay
Charlie Dalton
Meets Goat at Union Bay
Every Sunday morning
I  .- 0*************0***+0*000+000000+m\.
Opposite Ilo-Ilo Theatre
Cumberland, B.C.
Practical Barber & Hairdresser
Child'n's hair cut any style 36c
Ladies hair cut any style SOc
P. P. Harrison
Main   Office
Courtenny Phone 258
Local  Office
Cumberland Hotel in Evenings
Telephone   115K  or 24
the telephone
the suspense
Anxious moment!! You're
away in a far-off city and
tome dear one i« seriously
ill at home. The agony of
waiting and wondering.
Iin't there some way of
knowing just what the situ*
•tion is—now? Ah! Tht
long-distance  telephone!
Speedily the connection
is made and over the wires
come the cheering words,
telling you that the crisis
■s over. The dear on* is out
of  danger.
PRIDAY. APRIL 3rd, 1931.
Arrival of the Newest
in Spring and
Sutherland's Dry Goods
Shop Right and
Be Satisfied
When you shop in our .store you're always attracted by
the appetizing display of high-grade foodstuffs. And
when yon ask the price—ah! then you're doubly pleased
Not just today, but every day.
See our windows for Fresh Vegetables and Fruits Daily
Mumford's Grocery
If You Ret It at Mumford's . . . It's Good
Cumberland   and
*     *     *
Phone 104Q
**000*000**00000000*0000000*****00 jy
Parish of Cumberland
Three Hours'  Service,  12 noon
to 3 p.m.
Holy Communion 8 a.m.;  Mat-
tins   and   Holy   Communion   11
a.m.; Evensong 7 p.m.
("And note: That every Parishioner shall communicate at least
three times in the year,of which
Easter to be one"—an extract
from  Rubic,  P.  13, page 291.)
if 0*******000*0****0**************±
Cash  and Carry
Still Appeal
Promptitude and price appeal combine to make this
your logical headquarters for high-grade foodstuffs—
We've Cut Pri
And our specials on . . .
Fruits and Vegetables
will surprise you. Our prices are as low as any city
prices whilst the quality of our goods is the very best.
•      •      •
Everything in Quality Meats
m*tlft******v\'i »ttj^f'*mt*ttlV>**^t*t^.t.mtJ^.'w*/tj'. tm+At** w*\Q
Personal Mention      |
Mr. George Brooks, of Nanaimo,
representative of Gainers' Limited,
of Vancouver and Edmonton, the well
known Western meat packers, was a
visitor to Cumberland during the
Special Easter services will be held
at the Cumberland United Church on
Sunday. At 11 a.m. thc Sacrament
of the Lord's Supper will be administered immediately following the
morning service. At 7 p.m. there will
be a special Easter message by thc
minister and special Easter music by
the choir.
Prizes for the big indoor meet of
the British Columbia and Vancouver
Island Safety First Association are
on view at Lang's Drug Sotre and
mako n very creditable showing. The
meet is being held in conjunction
with the Cumberland Centre St. John
Ambulance Association and will take
place at thc Ilo-Ilo Theatre, Cumberland, on Saturday, April 11th. It is
expected that this meet will be one
of the largest ever held on the Island,
over « hundred competitors taking
Miss M. Mitchell is spending a
week's vacation at Courtenay, the
guest of Mrs. Marlon Stewart.
Mr. E. Hughes and Mr. R. C. Lang
motored to Victoria on Friday, returning to the city on Monday evening.
Miss Tt. Cannon, home economics
teacher nt the Cumberland and Courtenay schools will rpend Easter vacation in Victoria.
Mr. and Mrs. J. Derbyshire entertained the "Nomadr crib club at their
West Cumberland home on Friday last
with five tables In progress. Many lu-
teresting games were played after
which the hostess was assisted lu serving a delicious supper by her sisters,
Mrs. James and Mrs. P. Slaughter.
Ladles' prizes were awarded to Mrs.
Mossey first, Mrs. J. D. Davis second,
Mrs. T, Brown consolation and in the
men's to T. Brown flrst, T. James, se.
rand and BUI Brown consolation.
Mr. and Mrs. W. McLellan, Sr., motored to Nanaimo at the week-end
where they were guests of their son-
in-law and daughter, Mr. and Mrs. J.
*   .    *
Mrs. B. D. Brown was most pleasantly surprised on Saturday evening when
a number of friends arrived unexpectedly and spent a Jolly evening at
bridge, "500" and whist after which an
appetizing supper was served. Winners
of the prises were,Mrs. R. D. Brown
and Mrs. J. Thoburn firsts, Mrs. R.
Littler and Mrs. S. Davis consolations
for the ladies while for the gents M,
Littler captured tbe first prize, R. Littler and Bill Whitehouse the consolations, other visitors Included Mrs. M.
Littler, Mrs. A. Whitehouse and Mr.
Jas. Thoburn.
Mr. and Mrs. D. Bannerman and
Miss Ellen Hunden spent the week-end
in Vancouver motoring to and from
ss      *      *
Mr. and Mrs. D. Hunden, Miss Pearl
Hunden and Ed Hunden motored to
and from Nanaimo on Saturday.
Miss Margaret Westfield was a
youthful hostess on Friday evening to
a large number of her friends when a
merry time was spent at games, music
and dancing, Cyril Davis and Douglas
Baird acting as pianists. Refreshments
ln abundance added to the evening's
pleasure. Those present Included Margaret Westfield, Barbara Martin, Lily
Picketti, Besise Brown, May Beevridge,
Enis Bonora, Alice Brown, Chrissie
Robertson, Allison Geikie, Myrtle McMillan. Donna McRae, Mary Baird,
Winona Baird, Floyd McMillan, Wilton
Dalby, Don Piercy, David Hunden, BUI
MacNaughton. Joe Whyley, Harvey
Sixteen tables were in play on
Saturday night on the occasion of the
weekly whist drive of the Cumberland
Welsh Society held In the Cumberland
hall. Following cards, refreshments
were served by the ladles of the So-
city and winners at whist announced
as ladles' first. Miss M. Richardson;
second, Mrs. Nash. Gent's first went to
C. Davis with T. McMillan gaining the
Mr. Alec Watson, ut one time a
resident of Cumberland visited his
brother Mr. Joe Watson over the week
end, before leaving for England where
he will visit for a time. Mr. Watson has
been ot Britannia during the past four
years. He leaves on Friday for the eost,
saltan from Quebec on the Duchess
of Bedford the following Friday.
Mrs. W. Weir's many friends will be
sorry to learn that she Is a patient
ui the local hospital.
The Young People's Society of Cumberland United Church held a jolly
social at the church hall on Monday
evening. Games, music and refresh-
ments were enjoyed.
LOST—Screw Top of Fountain Pen
Color green. Reward given. Fnder
please return to Mumford's Grocery.
FOR SALE—Duck Eggs for hatching
also large quantity of white leghorn eggs for hatching, Apply F.
Court, near Royston Sawmill.   4t»
tAsk thr Sailors)
{Ask the Doctors)
Shipped by
LONDON sEituWufvd IWv
At Holy Trinity Church on Good
.Ftfday there will be "Three Hours*
Service" in com memo ration of the
three hours of darkness during the
Crucifixion. The service will consist
of appropriate devotions together
with seven addresses on the seven
last words from the Cross. Worshippers may enter or leave during the
singing of the hymns. On Easter Sunday there will be a celebration of
Holy Communion at 8 a.m., matins
and Choral Communion nt 11 a.m.
and Festal Evensong at 7 o'clock.
♦ ' *    •
Junior President, Mrs. 0. Hond and
her W. B. A. Committee Rave a very
Interesting whist drive on Tuesday
evening in the Fraternal Hall in aid
of the Rose Court funds. Eight tnbles
were in play, Mrs. S. Covert securing flrst prize, Mrs. F, Wilcock and
Mrs. S. Davis tied for second, Mrs.
Davis withdrawing in favor of thc
visiting player. Mrs. J, Cunllffe taking the consolation and Miss Verna
Murray thc special prise completed
the list of winners. Mrs. Bond wis
assisted in the serving of bounteous
refreshments by Mrs, W. Herd, Mrs.
R. D. Brown, Mrs. Kate Wetr, Mm J.
Thoburn, Mrs. 8. Davis and Mrs. Jas.
Mrs. J. R. Hewitt was a hoBtess at
the tea hour on Friday afternoon at
her home dn Penrith avenue. The
tea rooms were tastefully decorated
uith daffodils and violets. Those present were Mrs. Watson, Mrs, Mitchell
Mrs. McLean, Mrs. Price, Mrs, Mann,
Mrs. MacNaughton, Mrs. Ireland,
Mrs. Donald, Mrs. Hunden, Mrs.
Richardson, Mrs. Horbury, Mrs. Beveridge" and  Mrs.  Brown.
Miss V. Auchterlonie entertained
a few friends at the home of her
mother, Mrs. J. Auchterlonie, on Friday evening last. A very pleasant
evening wus spent playing bridge,
two tables being in play. The prizewinners were MjM A. Brown and Mr.
J. Rennie. Dainty refreshments were
served during the evening. Those
present were Misses A. Brgwn, A.
Bruce, V. Auchterlonie and Messrs.
W. Hudson, J. Rennie, W and J.
Mrs. J. H. Vaughan entertained a
few friends on Monday evening at
her home, Maryport avenue, two
tables of bridge being in play. Mrs.
J. Shortt received firsl prize for highest score and Mrs. M. Stewart secured the consolation. Delicious refreshments and a social hour followed the
card games. Invited guests were Mrs.
H. Bryan, Mrs. W. P. Symons, Mrs.
K. Pickard, Mrs. J. Shortt, Mrs. M.
Stewart, Mrs. G. J. Richardson, Mrs.
J. H. Cameron, Miss J. E. Robertson
and Miss C. Richardson.
* * . *
The home of Mrs. J. Auchterlonie,
Maryport avenue, was the scene of a
jolly party on Wednesday evening
when four tables of whist were in
play. Mrs. H, Treen secured ladies'
first prize, Mrs. H. Mounce gaining
the consolation. For the gents Mr. J.
Rennie won first prize and Mr. R.
Meikle, consolation. Dainty refreshments were served during a social
hour following card games. Among
those present were Mr. and Mrs. A.
Mann, Sr., Mr. and Mrs. A. Mann, Jr.,
Mr. and Mrs. H. Treen, Mr. and Mrs.
R. Meikle, Mr. and Mrs, C. Mounce,
Mrs. H. Mounce, Mrs. Nash, Misses
A. Geikie, V, Auchterlonie and Messrs. Jim Rennie, Stan Mounce, Wilbur and Jack Auchterlonie.
Twelve tables of crib were in play
at the Cumberland Hall on Wednesday evening when the Elite Cribbage
Club held their usual weekly whist
drive, Mrs. S. Covert secured the la-
dieiC prize and Mr. J. Lewis gent's
prize. Refreshments served by a picked committee were delicious and a
jolly time enjoyed by all.
«.    *    ■«
About twenty friends paid a surprise visit to the residence of Mr, and
Mrs. .Victor Frelone on Tuesday evening, the occasion being the birthday
of Mr. Frelone. A most enjoyable
evening resulted, cards and other
games being thoroughly enjoyed. The
winners were Mr. V. Frelone, Mrs.
Aspesy, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. Walker
and Mr, A. Beaton. On behalf of the
visitors, Mr. Jimmy Walker presented to Mr. Frelone a handsome personal gift, wishing him many happy
returns of the day and long life and
contiHUed happiness. The recipient
made suitable reply thanking all for
their kindness and many good wishes.
Refreshments were served and a jolly
evening ended with the singing of
"For He's a Jolly Good Fellow."
Whist Drive By
Canadian Legion
Cumberland, March 30.—Cumberland
branch of the Canadian Legion held
their regular Saturday evening whist
drive In Memorial hall with fifteen
table* in ^rogren. Court whist was the
order of play and very entertaining lt
proved to be. Miss L. Carey and Mrs.
S. Hunt were holders of ladles' highest scores taking prizes ln the order
named, T. Brown and S. Hunt, Sr., upholding gent's honors in the same
manner. Delicious refreshments were
served by the ladies' auxiliary, following which a large crowd repaired to
the dance hall where a merry time ensued, tripping the light fantastic to the
music of Merrymakers' orchestra.
This advertisement Ib not published
or displayed hy the Liquor Control
Board or by the Government of the
Province of British Columbia.
In loving memory of our dearly-
beloved mother, Jane Walker, who
passed away April 1, 1929.
A precious one from us hns gone,
A voice we loved is stilled,
A place is vacant in our home
Which never can bc filled;
We miss thc sunshine of her face,
ller fond and loving care;
Our   home   is   dark   without   you,
We miss you everywhere,
God in his wisdom has recalled
The boon his love had given,
And though the body moulders here
The soul is safe in Heaven.
Inserted hv her loving family, Mrs.
Dcrhyshlre, Mrs. James, Mrs. Slaughter, Cumberland, Mr. William Walker, Vancouver. . *
32 Physicians
Report Findings
On New Sargon
So remarkable hare been the results accomplished by Sargon in helping restore health to countless thousands of people that during the past
thirty days alone thirty-two leading
physicians have broken the rule of a
life-time and have come openly and
publicly to give it their unqualified
So startling have been the reports
in mnny thousands of cases that selected physicians in principal cities
were expressly retained to study the
Sargon formula and report their findings so that the public might know
the whole truth.
Outstanding among thc number
are: *
Dr. P. K. Prummond, plant physician for thc Ford Motor Company,
Detroit, for \\l years.
Dr. C. J. Roberts, Philadelphia—
Examing Physician for the Pennsylvania Railroad for 26 years.
Dr. W, L. Mair—Graduate McGill
University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal—Medical Examiner for Sears-
Roebuck, Detroit.
Dr, G, Warburton—Graduate famous Bellcvue Hospital Medical College, New York.
Dr. Eugene Perkins—Physician
for Western Electric Company, Philadelphia.
Dr, W, W, Kern—Examining Physician for New York Life Insurance
Company—and many others.
In order that the public may receive the full benefit of the advice
of theso well-known physicians, their
reports will be published in later issues of this paper. The statement of
physicians of such standing are perhaps without precedent. Study their
reports and profit by their advice-
Sold by Lang's Drug & Book Store.
The telephone system ln the paper-
mill town of Ocean Falls was taken
over on April I by the North-west
Telephone Company, which is associated with the B. C Telephone Company. On the same day Ocean Falls'
first long-dlstanco telephone service
with the outside world was inaugurated,
A combination of radio and physical telephone connections makes thc *
long-diBtancc service possible. Radio
bridges the 210-mile gap between
Ocean Falls and Campbell River,
where connection is made with the
long-distance lines of the B. C. Telephone Company.
Nestling between high mountains
and the sea. Ocean Falls is accessible
by boat only, and it would be economically impossible to give it telephone, connection with other points
by means of wires alone. For some
months the North-west Company has
heen experimenting with radiotole-
phony at Ocean Falls, with the result
that it is now possible to talk between that point and any other place
within access ofHhe B. C. Telephone
Company's system.
There .is radiotelephone sending
receiving apparatus at both Ocean
Falls and Campbell River. When a
person speaks over the circuit from
Ocean Falls his voice is hurled into
the air, and is picked up at Campbell
River, from where telephone wires
carry it to its destination.
A local telephone system had been
operated at Ocean Falls by the Pacific Mills, Limited, which owns the
pulp and paper mill there. The Northwest Telephone Company will install
new and improved equipment for local service.
Chocolate Eggs 5£ to 5©<»
We will have names put on eggs from 25c and up.
Fancy Baskets filled with novelties from   IO.?
Pascall's Easter Novelties—a great variety at
Easter Cards in many designs, prices range from 25?
Potted Plants
These make very acceptable EASTER GIFTS. Large
assortment just received, prices up from '....'. 25s?
Pay Day Specials
Forewarned is Forearmed
During the March winds you'll need this necessity.
It is unrivalled for keeping the skin soft and white. It
can blow and rain all it wants to if you are plentifully
supplied with Lang's Cream of Lilies. It's the best
thing at the price, 50<S that we have in the store.
Lang's Drug Store
Miss Sadie Hepworth who has been
the guest of her uncle and aunt, Mr.
and Mrs. J. Strong, West Cumberland,
for several weeks has returned to her
home In Nanaimo.
Special at $1.95
All shades, all sizes
W. H. Anderson   -   Union Hotel
$          $
Stocking!  on
at $1.00.    All
all colon.
$     $
Commencing April 1st, this Act imposes a tax of 1 per cent upon all employees in
respect of wages which are in excess of tho exemptions stated Mow, and requires
every employer to deduct the amount of the tux at the time the wages are paid, and
tn remit the amount so retained to the Provincial Collector for the district on or
before the 15th of thc following month. A return must accompany each remittance
to the Collector, when forms will be mailed to every employer as soon as his requirements have been made known. Therefore all those who have other persons in their
employ should so inform the Collector at once, and full information will then be
supplied, together with the necessary forms.
The tax must be deducted from every employee whose remuneration, including
the value of free board or lodging (at prevailing rates, but not less than $25 per
month) and other perquisites, exceeds:—
(a.) $25 per week in the case of a married person whose wife or husband
resides in the Province,
in the case of a widower or widow who has dependent children under the
age of eighteen years residing in the Province.
(b.) $15.00 per week in the case of all other persons.
NOTE.—The Tax is Payable on the Whole Amount if it Exceeds the Exemption.
If an employee works for the same employer, say, Monday, Tuesday, Friday,
and Saturday of the same week,
Thursday, Friday, and Saturday of one week, and MondBy of the next week and
cams in excess of the exempt amount, the tax must be deducted.
If an employee is paid monthly, the tax must be deducted from the full month's
pay if the remuneration is in excess of the monthly equivalent of the above exemption. >
Dept. of Finance,
Province of British Columbia.
Commisisoner of Income Tax.


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