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The Islander Feb 2, 1918

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Array £,g,sl»t.on Library
o'« 'ynu
THE ISLANDER established 1910.
A Withwhich is Consoli
lidated The Cumberland News.
THE CUMBERLAND NEWS established 1891
VOL. VIII.. No. 46
Subscription price, $2.00 per year
Washington, Jan. 30.—Agreement between the Ur.ited States
am) Great Britain and Canada
on the terms of separate conscription conventions, which only
await the signatures of the representatives of the governments
concerned, was announced today
by Secretary Lancing in a letter
to Chairman Dent, of the House
Military Committee,
The conventions give to the
citizens of each country the option of returning to their country for military service within a
fixed period, after which they
will be subject to military duty
under the laws and regulations
of the country in 'which they reside. They would also permit
each country to exempt nationals
from military service if deemed
Ottawa, Jan. 30.—A cablegram
received by the Prime Minister
from Sir Edward Kemp, Overseas Minister of Militia, describes
the conditions at the front as entirely satisfactory.
Sir Edward says he has returned from a visit to Sir Douglas Haig, Sir Arthur Currie and
the Canadian hospitals in France.
He found the Canadian corps in
excellent spirits. The morale
wus all that could be desired, and
he was assured on every hand
that the Germans on the Canadian front could not break through our lines.
' London, Jan. 30,—An increase
in British shipping losses is shown
in the official summary issued tonight, which reports the destruction of nine vessels of more than
1600 tons aid six of lesser tonnage.
The official statement follows:
"Arrivals, 2359; sailings, 2309.
"British merchantmen, 1600
tons or over sunk by mine or
submarine, 9; under 1600 tons,
six; fishing vessels, 1.
"British merchantmen, unsuccessfully attacked, 8."
Aid. Geo. A. Tarbell left for
Vancouver on Wednesday.
Thomas Graham, General Superintendent of the Canadian
Collieries Dunsmuir, Ltd., left
for Ladysmith on Friday.
Dudley Michell, Inspector of
Rescue Stations, arrived on Tuesday.
Miss Pineo, of the local staff
of the Cumberland General Hospital, was on a visit to Alberni
last Saturday. *
Miss Jennie Whyte left on Sunday for Vancouver.
David Walker, section foreman, left for Seattle Thursday.
Mrs, J. Shortt and daughter
left for Victoria on Thursday on
'a two week's visit to friends.
James M. Savage, General
Manager of the Canadian Collieries, Dunsmuir, Ltd., arrived on
Tuesday and left for Ladysmith
on Friday.
Dance as usual in Ilo Ilo Hall
to-night 9 to 12.
The receipts and expenditures
of the Returned Soldiers' Comfort Club Dance held recently in
the Ilo Ilo Dance Hall were as
Sale of Tickets __ $168.00
Refreshments     50.00
Balance $183.10
This balance was forwarded to
the Returned Soldiers' Hospital
at Qualicum.
The young ladies wish to thank
all those who supplied refreshments and took part in making
ihe dance a success.
The Ladies' Auxiliary of the
Cumberland General Hospital
held a meeting on Thursday evening at the home of Mrs Dr.
E. R. Hicks, when the following
officers were elected:
President, Mrs. Charles Graham; vice-president, Mrs. Thos.
Rickson; secretary, Mrs. Dr.
Geo. K. MacNaughton; treasurer, Mrs. Dr. E. R. Hicks; convener of buying committee, Mrs.
A. H. Peacey; convenor of Work
committee. Mrs. John Bruce.
It was suggested to hold a
Concert and Dance in the Ilo Ilo
Theatre on March 6th., in aid of
the local Hospital, which is at
present financially embarrassed.
Among the ladies present who
expressed their willingness to
become members and assist in
the work of the Hospital were:
Mrs. G. W. Clinton, Mrs. Thos.
E. Banks, Mrs. Jas. Watson,
Mrs. L. W. Nunns, Mrs. Chas.
Graham, Mrs. T. E. Bate, Mrs.
Fred Horwood, Mrs. Thos. Graham, and Mrs. J. W. Cooke.
It was decided to hold the next
regular meeting at the home of
Mrs. G. W. Clinton on Thursday,
February 7th.
The Government Rescue Station at Cumberland is now open
and fully equipped with the latest improved type of Draeger
Rescue apparatus. The rescue
equipment of the Canadian Collieries has also been changed to
the latest improved type.
It is desired lhat nil officials
who are physically fit, and all
employees who have previously
taken a course of training in
rescue work, should take an additional short course in the use
of the up-to-date type of machine.
It is also desired to form a
permanent corps who will take
the complete course and keep in
training at all times.
A meeting of all those interested in this rescue work will be
held in the Rescue Station, Cumberland, on Sunday, February
3rd, at 3 p.m. when the objects
of this course of training and the
conditions under which the permanent corps will be maintained,
will be fully explained.
Canadian Collieries Dunsmuir,
Chas. Graham,
District Superintendent,
MEN WANTED everywhere to
show samples or mail circu
lars for Large Mail Order
House. Permanent position
will pay $20 weekly. The
Consumers Association
Windsor, Ontario.
The following particulars of
the result of the appeal of the
United Mine Workers of America
against coal miners working in
the Crow's Nest mines being required to present themselves for
active military service, have been
taken from The Daily News, of
Nelson, which printed them on
January 26th, the day following
that on which the judge made
made known his decision in the
His Honor, Judge Thompson,
yesterday concluded the present
sittings of the military appeal
tribunal after having disposed of
43 cases in all. Of these 36 cases came within a blanket appeal
substantiated by the United
Mine Workers of America, who
appealed for exemption on behalf
of these appellants on account of
their being engaged in an industry of national importance. The
men in question are all at present employed at the coal mines
at Coal Creek, Michel agd Corbin,
Evidence was taken in each
case individually, and a searching investigation was made with
respect to the actual time worked by each man, the amount of
coal produced and the individual
earnings. In practically all cases His Honor told the appellants that it was evident there
must be a speeding up in the
production of coal in the event
of their being granted exemption.
When the testimony was all in
Mr. A. R. Crowe-Swords delivered the following brief address to
the court in connection with
these cases: "Your Honor, I
may point out that the coal miners have asked to be relieved
from military service on the
grounds of performing a duty to
the country by producing coal
and that they must not lose sight
of the fact that these men who
have probably worked side by
side with these miners who are
now working at the front for
$1.10 per day. There are no
holidays there, and those men I
think are just as good and prob;
ably better than the men remaining here. It would, therefore, only be fair that should
any man be off work here that
he should produce a ntedical
certificate to show that he was
unable to perform his work, and
if not his exemption -should be
cancelled. These men here have
asked to do a national duty; then
let them do it in the same spirit
as our fighting men are doing at
the front.
A summary of the findings for
the 36 miners appeals is: 31 appeals allowed conditional exemption until June 1, 1918; two appellants allowed until Class "E"
is called out by proclamation;
one withdrawn: one arrested as
defaulter, and ona claim disallowed.
His Honor's judgement ih the
case of James L. Hunter and
others follows:
"This case and 35 others are
appeals made by the United
Mine Workers of America on behalf of men of military age
whose claims have been disallowed by the local tribunal at Fernie.
'Each case will be dealt with
individually on its merits and on
the principles which I am stating
in this general judgement. In
each case this  general   judge
ment is made part of the individual one.
"In making my decisions upon the claims of these appellants,
I cannot consider what they
promise to do in future. I can
oniy judge their future conduct
by their past performances.
"This country has been at war
for nearly four years; for months
the Military Service Act has been
discussed in the House of Commons and in the press, and for
months the act has been in force.
Both this winter and last we
lead statements made by ministers of the crown and from
many other sources that increased production of coal was ess<n-
tial to the welfare of the country.
If a man has not shown that he
had been spurred on to greater
production by the request of his
country, it is not likely he would
willingly obey the demand of his
"These appellants must understand they are not soldiers, And
where exemption is granted it is
because the country is- of opinion
they are of greater value to the
nation by remaining coal miners
than by becoming soldiers. And
the only way they can continue
to be of greater value as coal
miners than as soldiers is by
producing coal.
"I repeat my statement that
men to whom exemption is granted are in the position of soldiers,
and they must work as steadily
and continuously as though they
had donned the khaki. To my
mind they should esteem it an
honor and privilege to be in the
position where they are called
upon tohelp their country by using extra efforts for the production of a commodity so essential
as coal; and they should carry
on their duties . here with the
cheerfulness that their brothers
and iriends have shown when
they went to the front.
"It must be understood that
in granting exemption I am endeavoring, on the one hand, to
protect the interests of the
worker. He cannot be bound
down to any one particular employment in the mine or to work
for any one particular empolyer.
That would be placing him too
much in the power of his employer. I can understand also
that there may be many reasons
why a man will be unable to
work continuously every working day. There may be sickness,
some accident may happen in the
mine whereby the man is unable
to work, therefore I would endeavor to frame rules to cover
these conditions.
"On the other hand, there
must be po malingering, no holidays other than specified, no
letting up on the production of
coal, but rather a speeding up
on the part of these appellants.
If it can be shown by the military authorities at any time thai
any man is not following the
rules I am establishing, that man
must understand that his exemption ceases, and he will at once
become liable for military duty.
"I will give both the men and
the military authorities every
opportunity to come before me
from time to time and state their
respective cases, but I think it
only right I should now warn
every appellant that in the event
of there being any letting up or
any cessation of work by him,
either individually or collectively
their exemption will stop and
they will at once be drafted into
military service.
"The rules I establish are as
"1. In cases where I grant exemption it shall be conditional
upon the appellant being continuously employed in his occupa
tion, either that in which he is
now engaged or some occupation
in the mine.
"Any person ceasing to work
for more than twenty-four (24)
hours will be deemed to be not
continuously employed, unless
he can show some just cause or
reason for his non-employment.
This prohibition does not apply
to recognized holidays and the;
holding of funerals pursuant to!
the book of rates and conditions
(pages 16 and 17) as adjusted
and amended by the commissioner on June 27 and July 31, 1917.
"A lay-off of 24 hours without
just cause or reason beingshown
shall not occur more than once a
"In case of illness a certificate
signed by some medical practitioner must be produced within
48 hours, and if demanded by
the military or civil authorities
produced and filed in the office
of the chief of provincial police
at Fernie.
"Where a stoppage of work is
occasioned by some cause beyond
the workman's power to prevent;
for example, accident, gaseous
condition of the mine, shortage
of material or any other reason
whatsoever, a certificate must
be obtained from the manager of
the mine where the workman is
engaged, and upon demand by
the military or civil authorities
must be produced and filed in the
office of the chief of provincial
police at Fernie.
"In the event of a strike or
cessation of work by workmen
other than. exempted men
whereby the latter are prevented
from working, exemption shall
cease, subject, however, to the
provisions in rules 9 and 10.
"This may seem a harsh ruling, but it must be remembered
that this appeal has been made
by the United Mine Workers of
America, and it will be the duty
of the officials of the brotherhood
to see that no such strikes or
cessations of work occcr.
"No exempted man shall occupy an offcial position or carry on
work which will necessitate his
absence from work at his usual
occupation in the mines.
"In the event of any person
to whom exemption is granted,
desiring' to change his- employment from one employer to another, he may do so upon application being made in writing to
me and a certificate allowed by
I "Exemption granted shall continue until the 1st, day of June,
1918. On or before whichdate
application may be made to me
for an extension of time.
"In the event of any dispute
arising between the military authorities and any person to whom
exemption is-granted, or in the
event of the military authorities
drafting, detaining or arresting
an exempted man for alleged
non-compliance with these rules,
or from any cause, the matter
shall be brought before me as
speedily as possible for determination.
"All parties have leave to apply to me in a summary manner
respecting any matters which
may arise from time to time in
order that they may obtain any
further special or general ruling,
At .Vancouver, B. C, on Saturday. January 26th., 1918, hy
the Rev. Harold King, of St.
Paul's Church, Agnes, youngest
daughter cf Mr. and Mrs. John
W. Frame, of Cumberland. B. C.
to Robert Gordon, of Montana,
manager for Grant Smith & Co.
FOR SALE-One Victor Range,
Nickel Plated, cost $75. In
good condition.   Will sell for
.  $.35.   Apply Islander.
Miss Annie Mitchell and Pte.
William Thomson, of Cumberland, were united in marriage by
the Rev. Thos. Menzies at the
Manse, .Sandwick, on Saturday
evening, January 26th.
Service in Holy Trinity Church
Sunday evening at 7 o'clock.
The ladies of St. George's Presbyterian Church, will hold a
grand Allied Bazaar on Thursday,
April 11th.   Particulars later.
A report of the regular meeting of the Regular meeting of
the City Council held on Tuesday
evening, at which there was a
large volume of important business transacted, also the regular
monthly Honor Roll'of the Cumberland Public School, will appear in our next issue.
John Newton, Inspector of
Mines, was here on a visit on
Mrs, J. H. MacMillan, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. John McKenzie, left for Prince Rupert on
Sunday. Mrs. McKenzie accompanied her daughter as far as
Henry Browning, of Victoria,
Assistant Secretary of the Canadian Collieries Dunsmuir, Ltd.,
arrived on Sunday and left on
R. W. Hunter, of Buttar and
Chiene', auditors, arrived on Sunday and left on Friday.
Ann Byron, wife of Henry Byron, of Minto, died of heart failure on Wednesday, Jan. 30th.,
aged 66 years. The deceased
came from Fernie four years ago.
A husband, four sons and three
daughters survive. The funeral
will take place Sunday, Feb.; 3rd.
from the family residence, Minto to the Cumberland Cemetery
at 5.30 p. m., Rev. Jas. Hood officiating.
Emma McKnight, widow of
the late Andrew McKnight, of
Cumberland and Brittania Beach,
died at .Vancouver on Jan. 29th.
The deceased was a native of
England and sixty-four years of
age, and came to this Province
thirty-live years ago. She leaves
to mourn her loss one son and
two daughters.
Monday, as usual, an episode
of the "Red Ace", No. 5, will
be shown, together with either a
Bluebird or Butterfly film, and
the same program will also be
shown on Tuesday.
Wednesday will be the monthly Red Cross night, two-thirds of
the proceeds being turned over
to the local Red Cross Society.
The film booked for this evening
is "The Varmint," with Jack
Pickford and Louisa Huff in the
lend. Owen Johnson, famous
short-story and magazine writer,
is the originator of the famous
stories of the Lawrencevillc
School. These well-known tales
appeared in the Saturday Evening Post and also in book form,
and represent what is probably
the most accurate and intensely
interesting account of American
school-boy life evei written. Mr.
Johnson is a graduate of the
Lawrenceville School, in New
Jersey and theiefore writes as
only one who has lived the experiences whereof he speaks, can.
"The Varmint," the first and
best known of these productions,
has been dramatised by Paramount, and is pronounced a great
success. TWO
Slj? Mattier
Published every Saturday by the Islander
Publishing Company at Cumberland,
B.C., Canada.   Telephone 3-5.
Subscription: One year in advance, $2.00;
Single copies, 5c. Foreign subscriptions
to countries in Postal Union, $2.00
The history of railway operation in this country offers many
curious and interesting details.
Among them none are stranger
than those that concern the Memphis, E! Paso & Pacific Railroad,
a forty-mile line operated between Marshall, Texas, and
Shreveport, Louisiana, during
the Civil War.
The owner was John Higgen-
son.   He had many titles: chairman   of the   board, president,
vice-president,    superintendent,
trainmaster, roadmaster, freight
and passenger   agent, fireman,
conductor and master mechanic.
The motive power was of the
best in those days, Jand consisted
of several yoke of oxen, com
mon'y known as "hay-burners.'
The oxen were, it is said, generally on time.
Mr. Higginson ran his train on
a tri-weekly schedule. When he
had gathered up a "cargo" and
everything was ready for the
trip he loaded the oxen into the
first box car in the train. In the
next car he had put the freight
and the passengers, and in the
third he himself rode. The cars
started down the steep grade out
of Marshall and, after they had
rolled as far as they would, Mr.
Higginson set the brakes and
proceeded to unload the oxen and
hitch them to the coupling of
the car. Then he released the
brakes and started the train up
the grade. At the top the oxen
were again loaded into the car
and another start was made down
hill. By repeating this operation
several times Mr. Higginson and
his train would finally reach
The passenger rate was twenty-five cents a person. Freight
charges were anything the owner of the line could get. Since
there was no competition, Mr.
Higginson made money. All
Height was marked "red ball"
and handled as soon as received.
Thih, however, was not the
first "hay-burning" railway in
tlie United Slates, Most of the
early lines made use of animals.
Thu I.i llimore & Ohio at one
tune employed horses to haul
freight ano passenger trains over
the first fifteen miles of track
"To speak frankly, uncle, I
can't bring myself to bank much
onaworld that's alloutof sight,"
said Howard Cranston with
jaunty decisiveness. "I think 1
can understand the point of view
of the Bible-just a little, anyhow. It was the natural thing
to 'walk by faith' in those days,
for there wasn't much else you
could walk by. The primitive
mind peopled the shadows with
supernatural powers, but science
has let in so much light that
there aren't many shadows left.
That's why faith seems to me
like an anarchronism. The only
way to keep it untouched is to
get back to the old,  forgotten
point of view, and look out on
the world just as if nothing had
been learned in the last thousand
years or more.
"I was thinking about Culver
this morning," Dr. Gresham
said, and his nephew raised his
eyebrows inquiringly at the sudden change of topic. "There
must have been a weak streak in
Culver somewhere, although I
was his chum in college four
years and never suspected it.
He was one of the half dozen
fellows in our class whom I expected to make their mark in the
world, He didn't—as you know.
I've talked with some of his intimate friends, but I've never
been able to discover the reason.
And yst there must have been a
reason—one of those subtle, intangible things that seem often
to make or unmake a life, but
that the keen probe of science
can't quite reach."
"I begin to see what you're
aiming at," There was an accent of constraint in the young
voice. "Of course there's a lot
we can't explain or understand,
We're handicapped by having to
look on from the outside."
The doctor nodded.
"Again," he said, "there's a
whole world open to you as an
educated man that has no existence for Jerry Lomax. It's not
only open to you, but you've entered into it, and, in a measure,
possessed it. It's very real to
you, apd you've found it engrossing and enjoyable. You haven't
a doubt about this world of
thought, as we may call it, being
just as real as the grosser world
of sense perception. And yet
you'd find it hard to convince
Jerry that there is such a thing.
The words wouldn't mean anything to him. He'd have to go
in at the basement door and
climb up, step by step, to where
you stand before he'd understand.
"I remember the case of an
old lady, a patient of mine, who
was as sure of the love of God as
you are of the law of gravitation.
She'd been a bedridden invalid
for twelve years, put she had
lived so close to God that every
doubt had vanished. She didn't
have to get back to the old forgotten point of view or make a
shadow land for her God to dwell
in. or forget the wonderful things
that have happened since the
Bible was written. She just
found God sometime when she
especially needed Him, perhaps,
and then kept close at his side
till she came to know Him. I
have often thought that God's
presence was just as real to her
as mine was- possibly more so.
that's when I first began to see
that I was an outsider. 1 was
a professing Christian, but 1 had
not got into the inner circle."
"One can't afford to miss a
whole world, and think it isn't
there, if—if the fault is all with
his own eyesight," the young
man replied soberly.
There is a refreshing atmosphere of give-and-take popularly
associated with democracy, in an
audience that Cecil Rhodes once
had with the Kaiser, as it is described in Intimacies of Court
and Society. The audience was
remarkable because the visitor
was allowed to do most of thi
talking, and also because Mr.
Rhodes walked into the audience
ciamber in his everyday clothes,
with a slouch hat under his arm,
and sat down, when he felt like
it, before the Emperor did.
"Why am I not liked in England?" Wilhelm asked him.
"What can I do to make myself
"Suppose you just try doing
nothing," answered Rhodes.
An ominous frown gathered on
the imperial countenance; then
it lifted, and the Kaiser, 'breaking into a laugh, slapped his visitor on the back.
of the balance of our Winter Stock
and will continue until Saturday, Feb. 16th
Ladies and Children's' Men's and Boys' Ready-to-wear
Garments, etc.
Dry Goods, House Furnishings, Gents' Furnishings, etc.
See large poster for Special Sale Prices, also bulletin for Stock-taking
Specials in our Grocery Department.
In the matter of the Estate of
the Deceased and in the matter
of the Administration Act.
Take Notice that by order of
His Honour, C. H. Barker, made
herein on 18th., day of Jan. 1918.
I was duly appointed Administrator of the above Estate of Jas.
E. Towers, deceased, late of Bevan, B. C.
All parties having claims against the said Estate are hereby
required to mail or deliver same
to Wesley Willard, official Ad-
ministratoi,  Cumberland, B. C,
on or before the 15th day of
March 18., a full, correct statement duly verified by statutory
declaration showing their name,
occupation, and address and the
amount and particulars of their
claim and the nature of security,
if any, held by them, and take
Notice, after the said date I shall
proceed to distribute the said Estate among the persons entitled
thereto having claims of which I
shall have due notice, and all parties indebted to said estate are
hereby required to pay me their
indebtedness forthwith.
Dated at Cumberland, this30th.
day of Jan., 1918.
Official Administrator.
The big steel cage built in the Federal Building, New York, ready
for the occupancy of dangerous enemy aliens- Ouly those who are
classed as "dangerous" will grace the cage, however; the meek will
gtill be allowed the freedom of the Marshal's office guarded by
husky deputies.
In Long Distance Telephoning you get Service
The value of the telephone is not only its convenience, but at any time you can reach anyone you
want. All you have to do is to call Long Distance,
give the name and address of the party wanted
and the time at which you would like to talk, and
she will do the rest. Be they far or near, travelling or at home, they will be located and will be
available at the appointed time. Long distance
telephone service is much more comprehensive
than one realizes.
British Columbia Telephone Co., Ltd.
U. B. C.   BEER
which meets an adult human
need that is almost universal.
like U.B.C, has a real food value and combines
the extracts of the choicest Canadian
Barley and Hops
Warm That
Chilly Corner
of your house with one of the famous HEDLITE
HEATERS. They warm as the sun warms, with
direct concentrated heat waves and a cheerful
glow. For their size they are the best and most
economical heater ever placed on the market.
We give special rates for current with these heaters whereby they only cost 2\ cents per hour to
operate. One of these heaters placed in a bathroom on a frosty night will often save its cost in
burst water pipes with all their attendant incon-
vience and discomfort. See us about one now and
be ready for the next cold snap.
Cumberland Electric Lighting
Phone 75 Co., Ltd. p. Q. 314
Nanaimo, B.C.
Cumberland, B.C.
Headquarters for Choice Nursery Stock—all home grown.
Fruit and Ornamental Trees, Small Fruits, Roses, etc.,
and in fact all hardy trees and plants for the Garden.
Largest and best assorted stock in the country. Price list
on application.
[established 24 years.]
Will be open again in the Old
Stand with a full supply of
Fresh Bread, Cakes,
Pies, etc.
Wedding Cakes a Specialty
Dunsmuir Ave.,      Cumberland.
"The Phonograph with a Soul."
Interest in the New Edison Diamond Disc
Phonograh grows stronger daily. No one
hearing the rich true tones of this perfect instrument could do other than long for" one in
his own home. With this instrument there
are no needles to change. The diamond point
is permanent and never wears out.
The Records used are double-disc, and are indestructible—lasting a life time.
It comes in "a variety Jof finishes and woods to match any
Mr. Edison's remarkable genius and his years of strenuous
work have resulted in this instrument, which is as nearly
perfect as human ingenuity can make it.
G. A. Fletcher Music Co.
Marocchi Bros.
Grocers and
Cumberland and Courtenay, B.C.
Groceries, Dry Goods, Boots and Shoes
Hardware, Grocery ware and
General Merchandise
West Cumberland. B.C.
Bevan, B.C.
It is manufactured
tobacco in its purest
It has a pleasing
It is tobacco scientifically prepared
for man's use.
Take notice that I, the undersigned, and Lee Jone, are now
and have always been the sole
and only owners of that certain
business situated at Bevan, B.C..
and which we have heretofore
and do now carry on under the
name of "Sang Yick, dealers in
general merchandise."
That Lee Wing and Lee Jone
each hold one undivided half interest, and that no other person
or persons are interested in the
said business nor has any other
person any share or right in said
business by way of being a partner or otherwise howsoever.
Dated this 17th day of Jan., 1918
Ho Ilo Theatre
Little Zoe Rae
Monday & Tuesday
"The Varmint'
" A Man's
jomsjjght hand
General Foch • Very Able Min—Admiration Psr British
Oeneral Ferdinand Fooh !• th*
Frenchman wlic'liae won more battle*
than an/ other general ln thia war.
He la commander of five French
armlei, operating ln the north of
France; he haa heen Joftre'e rlfht
hand man and aeoond ln command.
Yet, curiously Uttle la known about
Ceneral Foch; even Frenchmen out-
aide the regular army had ecarcely
heard of their brilliant leader befure
the battlea of the Mame and the Yser.
Then. France awoke to tho fact that
lu ihla soldierly, grey-eyed man they
had a leader the equal of "Papa"
Joffre. Officialdom praised htm; he
was promoted from the command of
the 20th Army Corpa at Nana to hia
present high position. Then, to add
to general surprise, Sir John French
spoke very highly of the support that
he had given the Brttlai. armies.
Thus, Oeneral Foch gained wider
fame and was added to he galaxy
of popular military Idols at an age
when he waa nea" to retiring.
General Foch was born on October
2nd, 1851—Just over three month before Joffre—In the Pyrenees, like Jof-
tre, Pau and Castelnau. As a lleuten
ant of nineteen Foch fought ln the
last Franco-German War. So successful was he as a Boldier that at the
early age of twenty-six he received
a captaincy ln an artillery regiment.
Always a hard worker, and a keen
atudent of the arts and sciences of
war, Foch soon gained further promotion until he was made General
Officer Commanding the troops it
Bourges. Then, having pasBed all the
examinations and gained high honors
In military history, strategy and tactics, he became Professor of these subjects at the famous School of War.
Had lt not been for the excellence
of General Foch's lectures France
would have found lt a far greater task
to oppose Germany's mighty war machine.
No French general holds i higher
opinion of British soldiers than does
General Foch. During our 1912 manoeuvres he eald: "Your cavalry and
artillery are excellent. Your Infantry
—well, I would Booner fight with It
than against lt!" An Illustration of
the brilliant leader's methods Is given
by the dictum he laid down to his
officers during the battle of the
Mame: "Discover the enemy's weak
spot and then strike there," mid;
adding, "If he haa not a weak spot,
than make one!"
Admiral   of   French   Pleat  Popular—
Leva if Neatneaa
In command of the formidable
French fleet Is Admiral Boue de La-
byerere. In France he la aa popular
as la Sir John Jelllcoe and, like Britain's aaa leader, he can boast many
paare of dlstlngulshsd naval service.
Admiral Lapysrere entered the French
bavy nearly 40 years before the war.
At ths outset of his carssr hs die
played marked ability. Hs took a
nigh plaes ln ths naval examinations,
and on obtaining his commission hs
clossly studlsd th* practical side of
ssa tactics, and oomblnsd his knowledge with th* theory he had gained
from the beat naval books of the day.
His    capabilities   speedily    obtained
E(cognition ln high quarters, and ln
la early twenties young Lapyersr*
commenoed his rapid climb. Ons of
his uarly commands was In China,
when he obtained distinction at th*
battle of Foo-Chow. Since than he
has auocaasfully conducted aeverai
diplomatic expedlllona ln the Baltic
and th* Mediterranean.
It has alwaya bsen the policy of
Admiral Lapyerars to accompany his
fleet In the fighting line. He la not
a believer In armchair commanding.
Thia means that he must face aerloua
risks, but the French admiral Is quit*
ready to encounter any danger :or
the aake of his country. Admiral La-
peyrere is ths same age aa Sir John
French. His Immaculate appearance
la a by-word In the French navy, and
he carries hia love of neatnesa and
Sreclslon Into hia dealing with th*
eet. His flagship Is always the most
spick and span vessel of the line. Th*
brasswork ahlnea Ilk* a mirror, and a
oarelessly colled rope on the admiral's
Ship Is as rare as a Oerman warship
outside the Kiel canal.
Cenaplcueue Uniforms
Experiments have been made ln
Europe to determine what color In a
soldier's uniform Is the least conspicuous to an enemy. Of ten msn,
two were dressed In light grey uniforms, two In dark grey, two In green,
two ln dark blue, and two ln scarlet.
All were then ordered to march off,
while a group of officers remained
watching them. The first to disappear
In the landscape was the light grey,
and next, surprising as It may aeem,
the acarlet. Then followed the dark
grey, while the dark blue and green
remained visible long after all the
others had disappeared.
Empire Fair After War
The Idea of holding a great Br tish
Emplrs Fair aftsr tbs snd of the war
appears to have met with a ver; enthusiastic reception. The site o' the
fair has bean chosen, a northwaet suburb of London. A great palace of
Industry le to be erected In th* oentre
of the grounds and lt Is hoped to make
th* fair an annual event which Is to
take th* place oi the once famoua
Lelpalc Fair. The necessary capital
haa been aecured.
Grand Pleet'a Peril*
Th* grand fleet, says the London
Telegraph, has not remained behind
barricades of nets and mines. It has
kept Incessant vigil In grim waters ot
death sown with mines and haunted
by fierce and terrible creatures, submarines and destroyers, with airships
hovering overhead and the hum of
ths waterplane constantly in men's
When a German Is captured ths
bolt ot his rifle and his bayonet are
taken from   him.     He Is compelled. FOUR
In the matter of the Estate of
the Deceased anrl in the matter
of Administration Act.
Take Notice, that by order of
His Honour, C. fl. Barker, marie
herein en the 18th., day of Jan,
I was duly appointed Ad ninis-
trator of the above Estate of
Thomas Freeman, Wyatt Bay,
Valdi z Island, B. C.
All parlies having claims against the said Estate are hereby
required to mail or deliver same
tn Wesley Willard, Official Administrator, Cumberland, B. C,
on or before ihe loth., day of
March ,1918. A full, correct
' statement fully verified by statutory declaration, showing tbe
name, occupation and address,
and the amount and particulars
of th iir claim and the nature ot
security, if any, held by ihem,
and Take Notice, after the said
date I shall proceed to distribute
the sail!   Estate   among llie per
si ns entitled thereto, having
clfiims of which 1 shall have due
notice, and till parties indebted
lo buld Estate are hereby required to pay me their indebtedness
Dated at Cumberland this30th.,
day of Jan. WIS.
Official Administrator.
We will deliver in Cumberland at the following
No. 1 Clover or Timothy Hay,
per ton  $28.50
Bran, per cwt  1.95
Shorts, per cwt  2.20
Whole Barley, per cwt  3.55
Ground or Crushed Barley, ... 3.C0
Scratch Food, per cwt  4.05
No. 1 Wheat, per cwt  4.05
Whole Oats, 90ft sack  2.85
Crushed or Ground Oats, 801b 2.70
Corn Chop, (dairy feed) 901b 2.40
Oat Feed,        "       "       901b 1.40
Straw, per bale .85
Building Lime, per bbl. 2.00
Agricultural Lime, per cwt 65
Oilcake Meal  3.50
We carry a full line of Flour
Dairy and  Poultry   Feeds,
Field and Garden Seeds.
Ask your grocer for B. & K.
Rolled Oats.
Written or phoned orders promptly
P.O. Box 248 Phone 66R
In view of the ever-increasing price of food stuffs, the
housekeeper's problem is
How to Effect a Saving on
the Grocery Account?
This can be done by shopping at the Cash Grocers,
where by cutting down the expenses to a minimum,
you are offered
he Best Quality Goods at
the Lowest Possible Figure
Watch tlie windows for Special Prices.   All goods are
marked in plain figures.
If you were asked:
You would say at once:
I Live you practised what you preached and
bought one ?   If not, now is the time to buy one.
The Singer Sewing Machine Co. has arranged
with Mrs. King to keep machines on display.
Our agents are all practical men. They will fix
your machine no matter what the make. So leave
your orders with Mrs. King at her store, and she
will have the agent call on you when he comes.
on easy terms—$3.00 a month will buy one. Every
machine guaranteed by the Singer Sewing Machine
Needles, Oil and Accessories can be had from
Confectionery, Tobacco and Stationery Store
COAL mining rights of the Dominion,
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the Yukon Territory, the Northwest Territories and in a portion of the
Province of British Columbia, may be
leased for a term of twenty-one years renewable for a further term of 21 years at
an annual rental of $1 an acre. Not more
than 2,500 acres will be leased to one ap-
! plicant.
| Application for a lease must be made by
■ the applicant in person to the Agent or
| Sub-Agent of the district in which the
i rights applied for are situated.
I In surveyed territory the land must be
' described by sections, or legal sub-divi-
I sions of sections, and in unsurveyed territory the tract applied for shall be staked
out by the applicant himself. **
Each application must be accompanied
by a fee of $5 which will be refunded if
the rights applied for are not available,
but not otherwise. A royalty shall be paid
on the merchantable output of the mine
at the rate of five cents per ton.
The person operating the mine shall
furnish the Agent with sworn returns ac-
counting for the full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay the royalty
thereon. If the coal mining rights are not
being operated, such returns should be ■
furnished at least once a year.
The lease will include the coal mining
rights only.
For full information application should
be made to the Secretary of  the  Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or  to any
Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion Lands,  i
W. W. Cory,
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N.B.—Unauthorized publication of this
advertisement will not be paid for.
Royal Exchange Assurance,
London, England.
National Fire of Hartford.
Queen Insurance Company.
Fidelity-Phoenix Fire Insurance #
Company of New York.
Providence, Washington. Insurance Company.
British Empire Underwriters'
Maryland Casualty Company
of Baltimore.
This is to urge you
that you get your Suits Cleaned, Repaired and Pressed for
oxf. month. Then form your
own conclusion. If it leads to
better spirits, better health,
continue it. If it does away
with dirt, improves your appearance, continue it. Remember a well-dressed man always
wants the best.
Also you must get your shoes |
cleaned; and don't throw vour
tan shoes away  because they
are old—have them dyed.
Ask for the Monthly Rates.
Local agents for
The Victoria Hat Works,
Victoria, B.C.
Kierstead's Garage
a ea]
Within the next ten days we expect thousands
of dollars' worth of the newest novelty and
staple lines in Dry Goods. Our leading lines
of Blouses are well to the front and our first
consignment has already arrived. For spring
wear Voiles still lead the way and are shown
in a fine assortment of dainty lines, with
Georgette Crepe and Crepe de Chene favorites
for evening wear.
Immediately after Stocktaking, January 31st, we will open a very-
choice lot of the newest and nattiest lines in fine Laces which have
Our popular line of D. & A. Corsets are well to the front and you
can save some money on this line as our prices are still low compared with the new prices just out.     The La Diva Corset we guarantee to give you satisfaction, or your money back.
New Pongee Silks and Cotton Crepes
Arriving this week will be the largest consignment of Pongee Silks,
including the very heavy coating which is so popular and so hard to
get, as well as a comprehensive showing of other values. Striped
Cotton ('repes are to be extra good for early spring, and we have
some of the best lines at hand for your inspection.
About 20 doz. of this guaranteed line to be put on sale, all sizes,
price 60c. a pair.   We will guarantee the color of every pair of this
special line.
We still pride ourselves on our Service in this department, and we
feel convinced you will find our values are right. Service and value
are the two outstanding qualities, combined with Choice, which
makes a store efficient. If not already one of our customers, come
and give us a trial order and be convinced. We can save you money
at the Big Store.
Phone 3-8
a e
A. STANFORD, having taken ,
over the Repair Department of
Mr. Kierstead's Garage, wishes
to inform the motoring public
of this and the surrounding district he is able to undertake the
Repairs of any make of car. A
trial will be appreciated and will
prove to customers undoubted
satisfaction.   Terms Reasonable.
Leave your orders for coal hauling with the Star Livery -Stable,
Alex. Maxwell, Prop.
FOR SALE - One heifer and three
milk cows, one cow fresh three
weeks. These are Jersey stock-
Happy Valley.
FOR SALE—Four room house,
with pantry and basement, garage, chicken house and run,
large and small fruits, corner
lot, 60x120, Cumberland, B. C.
For terms apply E. V. Ashcroft, Courtenay, B. C.
Cumberland Tailor
Repairing, Pressing and   Cleaning
Ladies' Tailoring a Specialty.
Phone 1
Gents Tailors
Prices Moderate
See Ethel Clayton in "A Man's Woman" at the Ilo Ilo on Friday.


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