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The Islander Oct 21, 1911

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Array A New Stock of
Umbrellas & Rainproof Coats for tht*
wet weather, at
CAMPBELL BROS.
*iP"
I*
atson's
fehrinkable und-
rwear iov ladies
and children at
CAMPBELL  BROS.
NV7J
THK IKf.ANDFJi, CC.MIiF.III.AN'U.  II. I'., SATURDAY, OCT.. 21, 1911
Subscription prihe .?l.">0 por year
GREAT SUCCESS
Young   Briton's   Ball
Galaxy Of Color
And Brilliancy
Swsll ■isle, swell girls, swell loe%
good erowd— largest jstl   Ths best
•vsi 11  Tbtse were ths remarks hs rd
on sssry tids Issl eight st this popnl
si mbmI sfsnt ol Ihe L. 0. V. B. L
The nsnsl gathering togsihsr of lb,
youth sod bsaoly ol Oomberlsnd kept
lbs welkin riDslog till the sod hsd
neatly risen, to remember them ol lh«
■ new day.    Olowos Iripping tbs light
fantssllo with ststely dames ol lbs
seventh osntuty, Pierrots snd soldier,
ssllors tod soi Bowers, Dorses, cooks,
(st msd snd sdvertiting clsrsolsrt
swept by io so lnlsrmioabls riol ol
ol eoior, to tLe sweet strsins if Boy'
OMbMIr*
The loot wst well sod tb'y nsosi •
sd hy Mr. Alex Wslker, snd en onet-
getlocummittse who helped io ever)
wsy to asketbs evening s suosess.
Ths prise wsltsss, two steps tod st
ioovstioo, the prise three step, wert
jndged wsll sod ebly by seven judges;
three ladies snd loor gentleosen com-
prising this oom tn It lee, sod tbrogt
tbe deeisioos were bud to render will
so sssoy good dsoeers oo lbs floor,
Ibeir decisions oo tbe whole seessed Ic
■Nl wilh with popolsr approval.
Space lorbids os writing oil wi
woold liks to, ol socb e fathering ol
nirtb sod loo, bol below oill ht
(oood s list ol ths prise winners >-
Beet dressed ledv. lire. Biokson
Best dressed geoi„ J. Beyd.
BssiTopsy, B. Robertson.
Bestelowu, J Thompson.
Prise wslts. Mrs Biokson. B. Bails;.
Btsttnstaiued cbaiaoler, JacxBam-
ssy 1st, Belle McLellan 2nd
Two-step, W Shearer, KateNcNrii.
Three-step, B. Bsiley, Kate lloNaii
Bpeelsl   prii , ad»   tiling   It con,
Britons, alias liilligan&McLellst
Best adv. ebaraoter, Miss Ounliffe.
Host eouiaal gent, A. Jones.
Mostcomioal lady, Mrs. i. Oibsoo.
Bssl national obaraetsr, W. Baiosa
FOOTBALL GAME
TO-
COMOX LAND DISTRICT
Diatrict of Gun x.
TAKE notioe that I, James Strickland Bavins of Comox District, occupation rancher, inlands to apply for permission to lease ths following describee
bad:—Commencing at a poat planted ai
tha south-west comer doss to s post
marked J. B, M., N B. 0. and beta*
the N. W. 0. of Lot 120, Comox Dis-
ttict, thence north-easterly twsnty-aevet
chains folio* ing she shore tins, thenc
/ jrth-eaaterly for five chaina, thenc.
north-westerly twenty-seven chain,
thence south-westerly f.r five chains to
commencement and containing seven-
teen acres more or lees.
Dated October 10th, 1911.
JAMES S. BEVINS.
Dr. D. K. Kerr, dentist will visit
Onion Bay Oct 25th to 28th; Comox
Oct. 89th to Nov. 2nd; Courtenay Nov
tnd to 10th; Cumberland It th to 2oth.
Ellison lots will double in six mouths.
HORSES FOR SALE
One bay mare, and one sorrel mare,
also wsgou (little used) and harness; th,
lot 1400, cheapest buy of the day, ala,
one bay mare, four years old, not broke,
and colt, colt by Champion Heckuio
Horse 1260, also bay horse, six yean Uc,
17 hands, harness and almust new bugs)
|360. Oan be seen any time hy sppoiu
ment Apply, Bates & Hardy, Auction-
vera, Oourttnay.
LOCAL MAIL SERVICE
Arrival
Tuesdsyanight
Thursday night
Saturdoyjnight
Sunday, per Cowichan 9 a.m.
Departure
Wednesday—6.00Ja.ni.
Friday—6.00 a.in.
8atuid«y—4.16 p.m.
Sunday, 2.15 p.m. Churn
The Pick Of Cumber
land To Flay Nanaimo On October 29
»o Exblbilional gsss* of football
•ill tsks pise* oo lbs Old Grounds on
Sunday al Ibres p. m. between tbe
•Marions" vs. "Blsok sad Wbilrs."
Tbs best plsysrs in tbe game will be
ibosso wbieb will form tbe League
rssm, sod wbieb will play Nsosimo
in Sooday, October 29|b and Viotoria
id Tuesday 81sl.
A collection will be Isksn up lo de
'ray tbe eipeoses ol tbs team.
Tbe following will be the lini-np
(or Ibe game to-morrow :—
"Maroons"—i. McMillan, goal; 8
Campbell and J. Oonnsrs, backs; A.
Wslksr.T. Hiods, J. Galloway, hall
tucks; J. Williams, J.Orr. T. Carney,
A.Boothmao,0. Harrison, lorwards.
"Blaek and Whites"—J. Beskte,
gosl; M. Hinds snd J.Strang, bach;
B. McLean, J. Williams, A. Gsirns,
ball bsoks; T, Hsrd, Jas. Goooers, A.
Goodwin, B. Bomsrvills, P.  Dsrgie,
Bessrves—J. Foster, B. James, W
Dowis, W,Shearer, K. lngersull.
I hereby challenge A. Thorn. -
ifju of Cumberland of Cumberland to a wrestling mutch and
vill undertake tn throw him
.liree times in one hour, al
;atoh weights, for one hundred
tollers a side,,or will wrestle
my 154 pound man in the Co-
uox District.
George Muhuy.
See Ellison Ad, on another page,
Meo'aclothing at cost price at the Big
Store for pay-day.
The Big Sioae for up-to-date milliner)
V very large and handsome shewing at
the most moderate prices.
NOTICE TO CONTRACTORS
Nob Bill School.
SEALED TENDERS, superscribed
"Tender for School-house.Nob Hill,"
•ill be received by the Honourable the
Minister of Public Works up to 12
o'clock noon of Friday, |the 27th dsy ot
October, 191), for the erection aud com
[.lotion of a email one-room frame sehuui
uouse at Nob Bill, in the Comox Electoral Diatrict B. C.
Plans, specifications, contract,, and
forms of tenders may be seen on aud af
ter the 7th day of October, 1911, at the
dices of Walter Gage, Ea,;., Secretary
■f the School Board, Comox, B. C ; the
ilovernment Agent, Cumberland, B. C. ;
tod the Department of Public Works,
Parliament Buildings, Victoria.
Each propoaal must be accompanied
by en accepted bank cheque or certiti
Ate of deposit on a chartered bank of
Canada, made payable to the Honour-
.hie tbe MiuUter of Public Works, fur
tbe sum of (260, which shall be forfeited
if the party tendering decline to Renter
into contract when called upon to do so,
or if he fail to complete the fjurk. contracted for. The cheques or ceit'ititHUe
.f deposit of unsuccessful teiidutorsgWill
as returned to them upon tu«. vie
outiou of the coutraet. -~V
Tenders will not bit couaidei ed unless
nade out on the forms supplied, signed
irith the actual signature i.f the tenderer,
and enclosed in the eiivolupea furnished.
The lowest or any tender not necessarily aicepted.
rf. E. GRIFFITH,
Public Works Engineer.
Public Works Department,
Victoria, B. C, Oetobor nth, 1011.
ocU oc27
B. P. L 0.
OF
Lodge    Organized   In
This City On Last
Thursday Night
11. Porolmmor atid A. Duvia grand
lodge offioers of tlie Order of Lions and
A; N, Mpwat publisher of tlie Nuaah
mo Heiuld uiul Geo. Frost contractor
also officers of the Niiuaiinn Order of
Lioli» paid u visit to this city Thursday,
arriving by nutornoble, and aftor a brief
a (I enjoyable amy left Friday in Mr,
Etude's automobile.
A meeting of the Benevolent Protro-
tiv Otdor of Linns van held Thursday
night in the K. of P Hall for purpose
ofO.gaiiziuga 1.oalLodge hero and
which mot will, approval of tho candi-
dates present.
There was not aa liig a crowd ns what
Waa expected on ni fount of alt or more
candidates having to work, and after
In- roll call HI auswered to their
am. s; thomeeting was thou continued1
aiid the 11-_itlai- ceremony lead, aftttt
tne Oi.ligation of members, there wort
-i lumber of rcinurksiiiadehy the visiting tlicers and they were loudb
applauded, the election uf olHcers wus
p istponed on account of the initnbci
■ l" candidates nut being present who-t
. nines wore to be submitted to tin
lurige for approval and »t tlio nex
neetilig which is tu 1)0 held MutldilJ
Icfcober "Bid., they will be there tu
.[tend the meeting nnil election of tl it
officers.
Among the followingCaniliikies win
ivere admitted, were ,< number ut' wei
it <|iiiiiiiti'd men in this    ty.
,\. MoKinnol, J.C, Mclver, Tho?
i'Vanklin, F. Z.Good,Geo. Yrrrow. li.
Iv Walker. J. T. Brown Br, and Jr. A.
Peacock, S. Lawrence, Thos McDonald
Frank Cluidwick, J. Froinento of Mini-
No. 7, J. Clark.
■»a«V"^a*s^a»aiai.^a^BS»a«^VMV'>«^"«<*»a»>a>,l»*a^a«'^a*a«t.sa^,T%a'aa>V
LCorrespondence.
To the Elitor, The Islanubr,
Sir:—lu reference tu your editor**]
remarks upon police protection, especially in the cutlyiiig streets; one day's ob-
serration by tlie writer seemed to prove
the truth of tlie allegation that the com
plaint was justified.
There were to be seen several h'.ifcis
grazing on tlie streets, some young cattle, aud a gout
Three separate casus of bioj c e riding
on the tiidtswulks.
S-iiiio half dozen men leaning; ngainst
a store wall, on Dunsmuir Avenue had
saturated the sidewalk with their expectorations which were continuously being
emitted without the least enivi.f the per-
ion of passers by, alt uf which nre prohibited by special hy-l.twa.
Four young men in an excited manner
marched up thu sidewalk abreast, whilst
a youug lady hud iiterafly to force her
way through them, being considerably
joBtled in the attempt.
All this in one day, without so far as
one saw or has since heard of any pol
ice action taken. m
Further comment is superfluous.
OIWUKVKR.
SUPREME OFFICER
VISITS THIS CITY
Mrs. Alice B. Lock Of
Denver Colorado
Visits Maccabees
Cumberland Hive, No. 17, Ladies of
the Maccabees of ths World, held a
special meeting yesterday afternoon in
the K. of of P. Hall in honor of Mrs
Alice 11. Locke, Supreme Lieutenant
Commander, of Denver, Culurado.
Another meeting will be held this afternoon in the Mall at 2.30 u'olock for in
s'ruciiuns in the ritualistic work, and all
members are urged to attend.
The L,dies if the Maccabees of the
World has the dis inotion of being the
targest and wealthiest woman's fraternal
beneticiary order in the world, being
cotnpused of and managed exclusively
by women.
Organized October 1st, 1892, it has in
nineteen years grown and thrived until
in-day, and it is known as one of the
safest and best insurance orders in America, equalled by few and excelled by
none.
Over 105,000 women are united in
his Order for the protection of home
,nd loved ones, and their total policies
aggregate over one hundred millions ol
tullara. Since thia Order wns otganis-
ed nineteen years ago, they have paid
oati ever nine tnillious uf dollars in
leath and disability benefits, and ni
; 'lupnny h mure prompt iu paying
heir claims.
' Tho table of rates under which * the
.uilie.3 nf the Macenbtes nf the *cn]d
■licrates is bused  on tho .N.tionul Fia-
rrnal Congress mortality t.ible, and is
iiduraed by all the leadiug actuaiiep
■ ud cummissinners of insurance,
Already    this Urdu '& reserve fund   a
l.'uuts td over live   million   uf dud-os,
and   is increasing at   the rate nf nearly
three-quarters  of  a million dollars per
year.
The reserve fund is safely invested in
the vory best bonds and the annual in.
lerest on the reserve amounts to ovet
two hundred thousand dollars. There is
only one order in North America which
has a larger reserve per 11000 protection in force than the Ladies of tbe
Maccabees.
During the first six months of this year
iver 11,000 benefit applications wars received in the office of the Supreme Medial Board, which speaks volumes for the
inpularity of the Order.
Miss llina M. West, Supreme Commander, is a woman of eiecutive ability
md koen business  instincts, and  with
er hand st the helm the Order will
continue its splendid reoord.
Mrs. Lock leaves this evening fur Na-
isimo well pleased with the earnest work
if ihe officers and members of Cutnbet-
laud Hive.
MUCH 1RRI
OVER CENSUS
20 sores good land in the Happy
Valley partly cleared, with two house,
tfood well, running stream through
property. Schonl on curner of property. A snap, For pai-ticul is apply
Island Really Co. Courtenay B. C.
To the Editor!-
Sin—The account of the dilate at thu
Methodist Church upon ' Women's suller
age" as reported in the News, has settled the matter mice for all. It says
"The speeches of the two yntiny Indies
taking part quite KaiirK.Mi-.il it fiiom
tub common flaoi.   That being so, who
dare say a word against women's vote
when superior man could not even save
his faco in hebating it, when women
wore in the lists against him, but went
dnwn to defeat and bit the dust directly
-he put her linico in rest against him.
Pour Mr. Jack, his stock has gone
down in the matrimonial market away
below par.
It is just possible that it may rise again
frum pity fur his benighted state uf
mind, but who could possibly invest in
il for love I
Votes Fob Womsn.
Next House of  Commons To  Have
232 Members
OTTAWA—A niilysis of the census
returns show that the next house of
of oomtnoiw will contain 282 members
an increase of 11, aa compared with tbe
house The nnit of repie-cntatioti nf
which is arrived at by divldiug the population of Quebec by 9S, tlio representation fixed for it by the R N. A, Act
is 8 ',78 .
On this basis the r'presentation of
British Columbia in tbe bouse uf
commons will increase from 7 to 12
members, Alberta from 7 to 12. Saskatchewan from 10 to 1$.
On the other hand, representation of
Ontarii will drop from 86 to 82. New
B'unswick from 13 to 11, Nova Scotia
from 18 to 16 and Prince Edward Is"
lmd from four to three.
London Ontario is disappointed ovor
the census, as it blocks Sunday curs.
A movement is 4stai trd to take in suel
suburbs as London Junction.
Unless this is done there will be no
v:utt'ay cars for snme years, as tbe
Ontario legislature has laid down a law
that the population nrii-t. be 6U 00U be-
f re a vote can bo taken on tin- question
Ellison. Ellison, '"        Ellison
Tbe bar of the Citnibosbmd hotel lins
ecently received a new enituf  paper.
his is quite nn iiii|.rovciiicnl, mill tbe
place now presents'quiteu ii lleivnl. ap-
iiiarance, Tile paper hanging was in
t. i.■ capable bands uf Mr. H. J.   Tlieo
ild, who cotnpli le.l the 'ob in a most
'titicul manner.
lOnw r   W    Bickl", '■    '■   oubllr
i'  ■■pun npan o lice  as a onnveyao-
r - «state, fi-H.i1 life t snrsnee
V -nm-' 'eture.
HEADQUARTERS SCHOOL.
SEALED TENDERS, superscribed
"Tender for twuool-huuse lie.id
quarters," will be received by the H n,
the Minister uf Public Wurka up to 12 u'
luck noon of Tuesday, the 31st day ui
October, 1911, fur the orectiun and completion of a large one-room frame school-
house at lleadtjii.iters, in ihe Oomux
Electoral Diatrict, B. C.
Pians, speuificatiuna, contract, and
forms of tender in ty be seen un and alter
he 9th day of October, 1911, at ilu
.ffices of A M. Hilton, K q., Secretary
of tbe School Board, t!eadpu„rtor<, via
Cumm, B. C, the Government Agent,
Cumber! nd B. C, and the Department
nf Public Works, Parliament Buildings
Victoria.
Eacti proposal must bs scoonipaniod by
an accepted bank cheque or certificate of
deposit on a chartered bank uf Canada
made payable tu the Ho . the Minister
of Publio works, for the sum of »!!o",
whtoh shall be forfeited if tlie party tendering decline to enter into contract alien
called upon to du so, or if he fail to complete the work contracted fur. The
cheques ur certificates of di nsit of unauo
eeufuil U'lida-t. will he retm ed o tiieln
up 'i. the bxecut en uf the conn ct.
Tenders will nut be considered unless
made out on the forms, supplied, Biuned
witli the actual signature uf ihe tenderer,
aud onelnscd in thu i nvolupea furnished.
Tiieiuwesl ni an) , u   . nol nee saarily
i.CCepltld.
.1   E   Oltll I'll'..,
Puhliu rturki K ginetr.
Departmotit of Public '\ urks,
Vicuiria, B. 0.,0c  be. 7ni. 1911.
>^il* oclll
CAE ITEMS
CF INTEREST
Personal   And    Other
Locals of Daily
Happenings
Wanted—Smallercotid hand Cook
Stove. Apply this ollico.
In Ihe notion of Cllifin Yeuk Auction
■Sale in lust, weeks issue, it should have
rend ONE O'CLOCK for tlie time of
sale, on October 2Jth'
.Miss Hazel Fnrk-s, eldest daughter of
Mi. and Mrs. Frank Parks, was united
in inarriigo to Mr. Geo. Ilprtruin on
Tuesday evening October 17th, Hev. B.
C. Freeman ulliciated.
Constable .Stephenson arrested one
Italian ami two Chinamen suspected as
being three out of tbo six of the guilty1
parties. The cases will oome up today for trial.
Tlio two survey parties but locating
the route fur tbo Canadian Northern
Railway have left the Nithnate. Valley
and nie now cainpeil between China
(.'reek and Purt Alberni. ono of the parties bus been 8'eji.t tu the Summit about
five in les frum the bead of Cninox Lake
,o it looks ns if Cumberland will on
i.lirectly connected ijndw.il] liml another
nutlet for its coal as well as yive pass-
enger connection by Port Alberni. Cuni-
b.rbiud is nut ddiid tmire is lots of life
iu the oltl dog jet.
Mrs. Williams, dressmaker and
nillinerj  opposite   opera house,
Joiirtonay.
■sej.ii senUJO
We nre surry to learn of the serious
llness uf .Mrs, liilliunlers, oldest
(biughtcr uf Mr. and Mrs. JauieN
Aliiauis uf tins city. Mrs, Oillaudets
is ill in Vancouver and Mrs
Ablauts left a few days ago tor that
city to attend to hor.
FOR SALE—7 room bouse, 1J lot.
For terms apply to Mrs, Ellen Oraef
Fondiitli Avenue Cumberland B. C.
During a rival meeting in a. Method
ist church near Cincinnati a number of
converts were secured, anil several of
ibein requested that instead of sprinkling they be baptized by immersion,
The Methodist church Was provided
with a baptismal font, but uut witli a
pool, immersion being in frequent among
its neeessiun to.membership, So one of
ibe deacons, anxious that the new
members should not be disappointed
in llieir wholly laudable desire to bo
immersed, constituted himself a committee to call ii| tbe nil ug spirit, uf
tbe Baptisi uhuroh—hot the pustor, but
.i rut ber haughty gentleman wlm held
tbe Methodist in smull favor, and win,
was slightly, jealous of the success of
iln ir revival The deacon explained
the circumstances to this pillar and
asked us a favor that tbe Methodist converts might h< immersed in tbo Baptist
pool.
"What? Immerse Methodists in our
pool?"ejaculated the Baptise leader.
"Certainly. We would appreciate
ibe kindness wry much, and—"
" Well you g i bnoli and tell your
church that our church isn,t taking in
nnv wasbingl"
Mis. Slhiins will give pianoforte lessons nl bur li. use any timo by appoint
ne nt except'Tuesdays. Address Camp,
Cumberland; Pup lipreparod for tbo
Koyal College of Music. THE ISLANDER, CUMBERLAND. B.C.
Romance of Mining   The Reality
(By Albert R. Ledoux)
From the days when Hiram's ships
brought gold from Opair, ami Phoenician tjiilU'yis voyaged far tu Spain for
copper uml farther yot to tlio island of
Britain for tin, on down through tho
time when half-savage German miners
offered Incantations to tlie Kobolds ot'
t.lio llnrtz Mountains, there hits been,
and continues lo be, un element of romance inseparable from the wresting
nt meals out of the reluctant earth.
Ami was there not much of romance in
tho spirit ami in the adventures of the
Argonauts of '411 when distant < -uli-
fornio luteii them toward Hn Golden
.Inter"
The spirit of romance lias bad its
expression throughout the literature of
geology ami mining. It arise* like an
intoxicating vapor even from the pugos
of some governmental reports. Tho lato
Clarence King, Ont tad States geologist.,
ban VolCfltl it, and Ins popular records
of exploration show how the poetry and
romance   of   file   in in ing   regions   Infill
encod his critical, technical observa
tions. Hero is an oxtract from his
"Mountaineering in the Hierrns," tolling of his amotions when he made a
great discovery;
"Ordinary solitude Is with mo only a
happy synonym for content; but
throughout that rido 1 waa preyed upon
by self-reproach, and in an aggravated
urn liner. The palaeontologist of our
survey, my senior iu rank and export'
Once, had just said to me. rather in sorrow than iu unkind miss, *l holicve that
fellow hnd rather sit on a peak all day
and stare at those snow mountains than
find a fossil in the motamorphic Sicrr.
and, in spite of me, all that weary ride
Ins judgment rang In my ear, Can
it be? I naked myself. Hns a student
of geology so far forgotten his devotion
to science. . . . Later, whon evening
approached, ami our wheels began tu
rumble over upturned edge of Siorra
slate, every jolt seined aimed nt mc,
every thin, sharp outcrop appeared
risen up to preach .1 sermon on
friend's text.
"I rededicutod myself to geology,
and was framing a resolution to delve
for that greatly important but missing
link of evidence, the fossil which should
clear up an old, unsolved geological
riddle of upheaval ago, when over to
eastward a fervid crimson light smote
the vapor peaks. . . . Through the gateway of rolling, gold-red cloud the summits seemed infinitely high and far,
tlieir stone and snow hung in the sky
with lucent delicacy of hue, brilliant as
gems, yet soft as air—a mosaic of amethyst and opal transfigured with passionate Hght, as gloriously above words
as beyond art. Obsolete shellfishes in
the metamorphic wore promptly forgotten, and during those lingering moments, while peak after peal; flushed and
faded back into recesses of the heavens, 1. forgot what pulneontological un
worthiness wns loading me down. . . .
Por many days thereafter I did search
Mod hope, leaving no stone unturned,
*' Picking up my hammer to turn
homeward after a fruitless quest, f not
iced in tbe rock an object about the
size and shape of a .small cigar. It
was the fossil the object for which
science uad searched and yearned and
despaired! There he reclined comfortably upon his side, half-bedded in luxuriously fine-grained argillaceous material—a plump, pampered bolcmuites
whom the. terrible ordeal of metamor-
phi.im had spared. Tho age of the gold
belt wns discovered !
■ * Iix ten or fifteen minutes I judged
it, full time for my joy to begin. Down
the prospective of years I could soe bo-
fore me spectacled wise men of some
scientific society, and one who pronounced my obituary, ending thus:
' Iu summing up the character and la
hors of this fallen follower of science,
let it never be forgotten that'he discovered the bolemniles.' . . . Once in
after years 1 met an ugud German palaeontologist, fresh from his fatherland,
where through threescore years and ton
his soul had fattened on Holenhofen
limestone and effete shells from many
and widespread strata. We were introduced.
" ' Ach!' he snid, with a kindle of enthusiasm; 'I have pleasure you to meet,
when it is you which the cephalopoda
discovered has,' Then, turning to one
who played tho role of Ganymede, ho
remarked, 'Zwol lager.' "
Anothor great mining geologist,
1'buries Howard Shiuii, began his narrative of the history of the Comstock
Mine with this introduction:
"There was an old silver freighter in
-• - Nevada—a man with 11 diploma if
bo chose to exhibit it—who walked all
dav long for months ami years besid
his high ore wogan across the Nevada
desert. One night in camp he said: 't
hud an odd notion lately. I thought
that perhapB when all the frontiersmen
have beeu dead a hundred thousand
years the stories that will be written
and believed about thorn will be much
like those of the demigods Some foi
low has got to stand right out from the
ruck ... to represent all the pioneer
nig that has been done by , . - thou-
cher. ... It might turn mil to be n
tin ont. It may be 0 fellow with buckskins   and   Kentucky   rifle,  or   dher
with slouch hat and mule whip, or Dock
Or Ily'a Big .lack Small, tho bull pun
echer. ... it might turn out to be a
plain freighter. Hut the freighter is
simply packing around some one else's
ore. " The miner is behind him, working even harder. Out yonder, fifty
miles in the desert, there is a man and
his wife hammering the drill, opening
their mine. Been there all by themselves for five or six years. Maybe
their mine wil! peter out; maybe they
will die there and some ore freighter
will put them under the sand. Ves,
and behind the miner there i*1 another
fellow of the same sort, only more
primitive—the prospector. He is looking fur ore, and keeps on looking until
ho riles. IVhon their mine has been
found, named, and worked: when the
whole laud is settled and litis been
fenced off into acre lots fm ten thousand years, what kind of stories do you
believe men will be tolling their Children about the nineteenth century prospector?' Then, kh my old silver
freighter leaned silent on his whlpstoek,
lonely, toiling men and women of countless mining camps seemed to become but
voices that mingle in one great chorus,
as the separate parts uf the ship in
Kipling's story found . . , the voice of
the whole. Ile will not bo one trapper, or hunter, or mountain guide, or
ono of Remington's virile horsemen,
. . . but what is more likely . . . than
thut the myth of the miner shall grow
iu consequence and find ultimate expression in art and soug und literature'!
Tin1 hills will somo day he empty of
gold. The wators will reclaim the de
sorts, new ami strange conditions of
life will prevail over all the lands be
tween the Atlantic ami Pacific, but the
great myth story of the west, will have
to do wilh some minor of the Sierras
or Kockies leaning upon his pick. , .
Strong ami lonely as a grizzly, the pros
pod or will 'stand right out,' in the
words of tin? silver freightur, 'to ropri1
sent all fhe pioneers.' "
In thai wide western land ToltOO and
Aztec, once wandered, followed by tin1
Spaniard, lured by old romantic tradi
lions, weaving new fancies- -all seeking
a fabled KI Dorado, under the sober
page of history became rnuiunie when
its compiler looked toward the peaks
of the Sierras or Cordilleras,
Tin' romance of mining is not bom
only in the west. It is often reincarnated in the pages of many u pros
pectus written in the east, und effects
the judgment of some of our most staid
business men.
Some years ago the head of one of
the largest dry-goods houses in America
handed me a report upon a mine
which he had invested $20,000. Tho
owner still clamored for more money
for development, and my friend wished
my advice. A hasty glance through
the report showed upon the face of it
that tin' enterprise could, not possibly
pay, and I asked him how in the world
lie camo to put his money into it. Ho
said: "Well, a vory honest-looking
miner got into my office somohow with
a blue skirt and a pocket full of nug
gets ami a tale that made my heart
beat faster. Ho only wanted' $5,000,
and I was hypnotized into advancing it,
Ever since his reports have fascinated
mo." I said: I was in your office
once when a man came in to sell you
a new kind of laee. j For forty years
you have been at tho bond of the dry
goods business in New York, and yet
you sent for your lace expert, saying
that you wero not sufficiently familiar
with luces to trust your own judgment
Why did yon not send for some mining
engineer before trusting your own judg
ment in rogard to a mining invest
ment?"
Not many years ago the president of
11 bank called upon mo. His institu
tion was one of the oldest nnd soundest
in New Kngland, and very conservative,
He said: " My bank was obliged to taki
a copper property in Montana for debt.
We are not miners, and want to sell
it.'' Looking at a memorandum, h<
replied: "There are /ninety thousand
tons of twelve-percent, ore ou the
dump; there are so many feet of shafts
and levels, and so many tons of twelve
per cent, ore in sight under ground. Furthermore, the gold and silver in tho ore
will pay for the mining expenses. Our
price is one million dollars." I. said
at once: "I will take it. I never
heard of such a copper" mine, and, if
you have it, I can borrow tbe million
nnd double my money easily." Then
the banker began to bodge. He said
"Of course I have not seen the property myself, and am not prepared to
guarantee these statements. Vou had
better go out and look nt. it. My re>
ply  gave this gentleman a  new view
point, I am sure.     1 said: "Mr.  ,
suppose it were a railway in Georgia
that the bank wished to sell, and you
went into Mr. Morgan'b office, named
your price, and stated thnt you had
so many miles of track, so many en
gines, so many passenger cars, so many
freight cars, etc., etc., and that the pas
senger traffic alone would pay all the
running expenses. If Mr. Morgan said,
'I will take it,' would you begin to
hedge and say, 'Of course, Mr. Morgan,
I have not seen the railway myself;
you had better investigate the truth
of my statements'!" The bank president went away, as tbe saying is. "11
sadder am) a wiser man."
Hut thore is some excuse for romanc
ing in regard to mines, for tho truth is
sometimes quite as strange as fiction,
and it. is often not easy to controvert
some of the statements of promoters. At
the present town of Cobalt, Ontario,
which is shipping millions of dollars'
worth of silver a year, a blacksmith
was sharpening drills for a railway out
fit iu the wilderness, His name was
La Rose. A fox poked its head out
of the brush a few feet from his door,
und he hurled ut the animal the ham
mer itt his hand, When he went to
recover it. he found sticking out of th
ground a heavy, metallic looking spool
moil, He picked it up, and some
months afteiwards bad it assayed. It
turned out to be eighty per cent, pure
silver,    The Ln Hose Mining Company
paid (11,300,000 in dividends in two
years. lu that camp fortunes have
'been made by men with little capital.
One man, with only six companions to
help him. blasted out from the surface
three carloads of oro, which he sold in
New York. For these three car-loads,
which could not have cost more than
three thousand dollars to mine, he re
ceived nearly two hundred thousand dollars cash, and subsequently sold his
mine for a million dollars.
At Cripple Creek, Colorado, a enrpon-
tor named Htruttun took a contract to
build a bam,      In digging the founda
tion he came across a rock that was dif.
ferent from anything he had over seen.
Ho brought, it down to Colorado Springs
aud showed it to all the mining experts. They told him it was "phono
lite," which never contained anything
of value. He took it to an nssuyor
of his ac(|uaintauce, who tried to dissuade bint from paying tho expense of
an assay. He persisted, and, to the astonishment of everybody, it was rich in
gold. With a few men, be used to take
nut half a million dollars a year, and
subsequently sold the property for several millions.
Many a tenderfoot has blundered up-
-m a mine that experienced prospectors
have missed. Many fortunes have
been made by men led by bliad chance
or blundering luck, and pages could be
filled with illustrations.
But the excuse for occupying space
would be very poor indeed if I con
fined myself to thia view alone of 3
great industry,
1 have a far more serious purpose. I
know the temptations to invest in mines
"n mining shares; I am aware of the
sorrowful experiences of many such investors who have lost thoir little in
trying to increase their incomes. 1
ntend to try to show that miuing may
lie a safe, remunerative, and legitimate
occupation or investment, if entered Into with such reasonable preliminary in-
cstigation as should govern every* con
servative person in placing his money.
The gambling spirit should be resistod
absolutely. How prevalent it is and
how disastrous in outcome should be
evident to any one who ever heard of
the "Kaffir," "Amalgamated," or
other "boomu" of the past decade.
'Amalgamated" once sold at $1'2S per
hare; today at $00, These prices were
in neither cast; influenced, favorably or
unfavorably, by earnings. Another
or*' sells today at 88 (par .",),
though it has not yot paid a dividond.
The small investor can bettor place his
money. It still seems nlmost as if an
unsenpulous broker can sell any piece
of paper at, some price to speculators
if it boars a high sounding namo or a
sufficiently realistic picture of nn nl
leged mine.
Recently the Huston "News Bureau"
published the following, which is self-
explanatory;
"They are trying to foment a Porcupine boom in Wall Street to break the
Street dullness. 1'oreupino has about
ten thousand gold mining claims laid
out, and perhaps one hundred of them
have shown good quartz, but already
they are quoted for more by a hundrod
millions than all tho gold that can bo
taken out in a generation. A curb
broker wired a man in the west the
other day, 'Bank rate 4 per cent.,' and
he promptly responded by telegram,
'Buy me 500 at not ovor 4 1-1." He
thought it wus a new Porcupine propo
sition."
First in the order of merit I would
place gold-mining investments. In gold
there ran be no monopoly; no "corners" enn put it up or artificially depress it; the market for this product
is world-wide. Uncle Sam will buy all
that is offered at the highest price, and
there are no fluctuations in the mar
bet.
Some gold deposits are more certain
in their yield than any crop. Take
certain of the Hand mines as nn illus
t rati on. Tbe gold-bearing deposit is
often a flat vein forming the bottom
of a bowl. The dip below the surface
is usually regular, so that the company
owning an area of the surface can esti
mote in advance and confirm by drilling that at such a depth the area is tin
derlaid by gold-bearing strata of such
and such a thickness; that its assay
value is so and so; that the cost of mining and treatment will be so much; and
the estimates of profits are safe, har-
ring fires, accidents, ami the ordinary
risks of any business. Concerning tbe
safety, reasonableness of Hand cnpitaJi
zatlou, there are many reputable bankers, brokers, aud exports in London who
can give reliable information to legiti
mate inquirers as to the Kauri,
There aro many mines in our own
and other lands conservatively capital
Izod, economically administered, and
safe from the investor's standpoint
paying dividends regularly. Hut min
ing is like drawing checks upon a bank
iu which uo new deposits can be mado
Every dollar drawn out is one dollar
less of capital in hand. A safe and
conservative mining investment should
yield at last ton por cent, on the purchase price. In ten years, then, the
investor has his money back, and what
ever more he receives is profit,
Tn copper-miuing preeminently capitalization is necessary greater. Gold
largely found in the "native" state,
or easily extracted iu comparatively
cheap plants by reasonably simple processes. Most copper ores require, in
addition to the mining plant, great con
centrnting mills, large smelt ing-fur
nuccs, railway connections to bring
fuel and fluxes and to curry a bulky
product to a distant market. It us
ually means an investment of several
million dollars to operate a copper mine
even if the final refining is performed
at special works located nearer the
market and which refine on toll. The
same facts apply to lend mining.
The conservative investor in such enterprises should scrutinize the reports
of tbe companies operating, noting particularly tho statements of ore developed ahead for future requirements und
the amount "written off" from values
still in the ground for mineral removed
and for depreciation of plant. He should
be suspicious of any which fails to
show reasonable, business conservatism
in these directions. Of course in some
mines it is neither safe nor necessary
actually to block out large masses of
ore.in advance of requirements, but nothing justifies a company for failing
to write off a liberal amount for annual
depreciation. The Riu Tinto mine in
Spain bas at. last over eighty years of
ore "in sight," pays ovor forty per
cent, dividends, yet writes oft yearly a
fair percentage of it,« capital for amor
fization. One large American mining
onijiany reserved from profits enough,
fter paying reasonable dividends, to
assure the return to investors of their
original investment at par, long before
the mine was entirely worked out. Many
conservatively managed mining companies invest their surplus not in securities but in other mines, so that when
tho inevitable end comes to their original producer they may continue in
business.   "^--
The metalliferous mines, excluding
iron, arc chiefly in our more western
states, but. I think that a list nf their
shareholders would indicate that a majority in number nre residents of the
eastern or middle states. They aro, aB
a rule, unable, even if fitted by experi
once, to judge of tho prospective or
present value of an ore deposit, aud, if
they wero to Visit. th'e*Vegion in which
they thought of Investing, their own
judgment would bo of little value. Even
experienced western business men—yes.
ami some cxportB—find a decision difficult in many cases. Much enters into tho question of success or failure
that is often apparent disconnected
from tho main point, which is the grade
and probable amount of ore. A placer
ground may have abundant gold, yet,
on account of sticky clny or largo
boulders below or heavy forests above,
tho costs of extraction may bo beyond
the margin of profit.
T remember once deciding a pretty
close proposition in New Mexico by as
certaining whether grass grown on the
forty-mile stretch between tbe mine
and tho railway. If there were grass,
oxen could bo employed to haul in sup
plies and fuel and take out the product. Oxen will support themselves
by grazing eight mouths oi tho yoar in
that particular section and thrive on
hay in wintor. If thero were no grass,
horses must be usod and fed. Oats
were two dollars a bushel.
Well, if the man of small capital in
the cast must depend on others for advice, how can he participate in tho legitimate benefits arising from mine investments; how share in the largor returns that a good mine may yield t How
can the man of small moans invest a
fow hundred dollars or a few thousand
with relative safety?
Lot it be said right now that no one
should risk in mining moro than be cau
afford to lose,
One favorite way, often leading to
vory large returns, is by means of "exploration" syndicates, managed by an
experienced engineer. Let me illustrate by actual example.
Some years ago, ten men iu Now York
City, most of them unfamiliar with min
ing, each agreed to place $1,000 in
the hands of a mining engineer as an
exploration fund. He put a corps uf
prospectors In the field, and before tho
$10,000 was expended thoy bad secured
an option of a promising gold prospect
in Montana. A compuny was then
formed of $250,000 capital and enough
treasury stock sold nt par to purchase
the mine and erect a mill. Tho second
yoar of its existence the company paid
lit per cent., tho third year 00 per cent.,
the fourth year 100 per cent. There
was no stock speculation about this;,no
" water;" no advertising; nu high-
sounding "reports."
Often reputable newspapers, bankers,
or business houses in the west will inform correspondents what are tho generally known facts and prospocts concerning western mines, and somo of
them handle funds and manage explorations for eastern investors. Somo responsible brokerage houses retain experts to inform them as to the morits
of mining investments nnd prospects.
One large bnnk keeps a list of all incorporated mining companies, and this
information is at the service of its pat
ions. At least one firm of mining en
gineers in New York keeps similar records and gives information for a moderate fee. Beware of the vendors of
1' prospects *' who haunt our eastern
hotel lobbies! Usually it. may be sot
down ns a fact that, if an owner cannot find capital to test his prospect in
Sau Prancisco, Denver, or Chicago, and
conies to Boston or New York, there is
something the matter either with thu
property or the price, although," when
large capital is justified, it can be raised
more easily in the finnncial centres of
the east.
As to investments in the shares of
mining companies quoted in our newspapers, it may be said thnt those listod
on regular exchanges have some assurance of stability, whatever may bo the
fluctuations of their market price due
to speculation; but some friend experienced in the interpretation of company
reports should tell the '' tenderfoot''
investor whether they show development reasonably to justify the capital
issued; what is written off for depreciation; what aro the history and probability of dividends; what reputable exports have reported favorably on the
mine; what are the experience, standing and business reputation of the people who are the officers and directors—
in other words, do neither more nor less
thau one would do if an opportunity
were offered to invest in a commercial
company or a railway promotion.
With such pcrcautions, while losses
may be entailed and somo disappointments occur, the average man may look
forward confidently to larger returns
from his investment rtt mining than usu
ally come from other legitimate enter
prises. He may sleep at night if bo has
stock, bought and paid for, for instance,
in such well-managed mining companies
ns, say, Bio Tinto, Phelps Dodge, Calumet and Hecla. and, if he has some
money to risk, not on stock speculation,
but in underwriting or "syndicating"
development or exploration ventures, be
may be rewarded by a very large yet
legitimate profit; the risk being not
appreciably greater than when the average citizen puts his money in a new
railway or factory or mercantile venture. Yot let this be my final word:
Every dollar made in mining propably
represents two dollnrs lost by others in
mining speculation or ill-advised mine
investment. The mnn who cannot afford to lose a dollar should put it in n
savings bank, not in a mine.
THUNDER
It hns usually been thought that tbe
noise of thunder is caused by the closing up of thu vacuum croated by tho
passage of the lightning, the air rushing in from nil sides with a clap; but
the intensity of fhe noise is rather dis
proportionate, and it is now supposed
that thunder is due to the intense beating of gases, especially the gas of water
vapor along the line of electric, discharge, and the consequent conversion
of suspended moisture into steam fit
enormous pressure.
fn this way the crackle with wind
n peal of thunder sometimes begin*
might be regarded as the sound of
Btoam explosion ou a small scale caused
by discharges liefore tho main flash.
The rumble would be tbe overlapping
steam explosions, and the final clap,
which sounds loudest, would be the
steam explosion nearest to the auditor,
Tn the ensc of rumbling thunder the
lightning is passing from cloud to
cloud. When the flash passes from tho
earth to the clouds the clop is loudest
at tho beginning. Trowbridge gave
substance to these suppositions by causing electric flashes pass from point
to point through terminals clothed in
soaked cotton wool, nnd ho succeeded
in magnifying the crack of the etectric
spark to n terrifying extent.
Tolls Taken by The Sea
'(My dear," snid Mr. Jbbley, gravely, "it delights, my soul to have you
got so much pleasure out of our ear,
but really when you give ordors to tho
chauffeur you must be more careful of
vour language."
"Why, .Tnhn—what have I saidt"
asked the lady, somewhat amazed at
the implied rebuke.
"You told the chauffeur yesterday to
stop talking, but to get out of the car
and tank up. The expression, my love,
in crank up, not tank up, and I fear
that .Tamos was tanked up aB far as
he could be nt the moment," said Mr.
Jobley.
Seven ships sail within ten days out
upon the mapped highways of the sea;
the sea opens under them and down
they drop into the subcellars of ocean.
Not a waisper of these little tragedies
from the placid soa; not a word spelled
in drifting wreckago or wallowing derelict comes back to tho world behind
shoro lines to hint at the manner of
the obliteration. It is as if soveu ships
had ventured beyond the Pillars of
Hercules of flat world and bad dropped
off the edge in a plunge to tho nether
stars.
A bark scudding up through tho
trade tracks of the Pacific, away out
in the water wilderness botweeu Valparaiso and Honolulu, sighted hull
down the masts of a stoumor. Tho
captain of the bark altorod bis courso
by a few points for tho sole reason of
the loncsomenoss of the mid Pacific
that wus on him; bosidus, the trade
tracks are not a place for steamers, and
ho was curious. The bark drew nearor
the steamer. As tho latter lifted out
of the horizon, the shape of mystery
rode its smokeless funnel anil the masts
that yawed from side to side in the
rocking of the sea's trough. At a half-
mile's distance tho bark lay to and a
boat wont out from her to the side of
tbe steamer.
Tho mon from the bark clamberod
up a soa ladder to a deck deserted. Not
a living soul aboard. Scarcely human
were the shapes of eleven doad mou,
Japanese, that were found huddled in
bunks or sprawled whero doath took
them. Two of the steamer's boats
wero gone; there wore signs of dospor-
ate haste in departure whero water-
butts and tackle lay by the base of the
outswuug davits, The ship was sound,
engines und hull. Prom the fow papers
written in English which were found
scattorod in the captain's cabin, the
ship's name appenrod to bo Yaye Maru,
out of Hakodate, destination in undecipherable ideographs.
The captain of the bark had uo mind
to salve this ship of death. The eleven
corpses he did not oven attempt to
bury, for there was tbe aspect of a
plague about them. He took the reckonings of the dorelict and pursued his
voyage to Honolulu with not oven so
much as the identifying papors, plague-
bearing perchance, in his possession.
At Honolulu verification of tho clearance of the Yaye Maru, out of Hakodate for Iquique, was bad. A ship
went out to salve her; other ships
bound south and east kept sharp lookout for the ship of the dead mon. Not
from that time six years ago to the
present has the Yaye Maru boen sighted. The tides and the winds of ocean
made sport of those of her pest-ridden
crew that put off under the goad of
terror in the two boats, as they made
sport of the floating death-house boarded by men of the Honolulu -hound bark,
Again the careless sea, which the
world's workers believe they have bar
tiessed, bestirs itself to blot out. a pal'
try ship and seal with mystery the fate
of the puny men who rode her.
Careful French statisticians compile
each year for the "Bureau Veritas" fl
record of the accidents and losses suffered for a twelvemonth by the mer
chant marine of all nations from which
data are obtainable. Tlio yearly sum
mary put forth by the "Bureau Verb!
tas" is counted authoritative by all
maritime men—owners, agents, underwriters. Few who loll in the palm-gardens or loiter on the roadways of the
swift cities of ease that eross tbo Atlantic know the "Bureau Veritas," its
records of tbe tolls gathered by that
complacent sea down—far down—below
the rails.
Nine hundred nnd eighty-six vessels
of tbe world's merchant marine—steam
and sail—totally lost in the year t908.
say theso careful French statisticians;
and this tally recognizes only steam-
vessels of ever ono hundred tons' burden. Such the record of complete destruction, and the following the count
of damage not irreparable: 4,273 steamers iujured by fire, collision, stranding,
stress of woather, and other causes; in
1907 thero were 1,104 total Iossob among
merchant ships; in 1905, 1,038 steamships and sailing-vessels were gripped
by the sen.
No count is kept of the men who go
down in tbe shins that nre lost. The
statisticians deal only with commercial
values. No bureau 111 the world finds
profit or incentive in keeping count of
the thousands of sea-workers who are
claimed as toll by the sea we reckon
tamed. Only this is taken in count:
that every day in the year somewhere
on tho restless wastes of tho seven seas
two—in somo years three--ships aro
snatched in greed by the power that
tolerates the many. 80 the average
has it.
The sea takes most of its tithe by
stealth. A bandage of fog about the
navigator's eyes, a racing current moving unseen beneath the masked innocence of tint water, a knife-edge reef,
or sand that yields until a keel is fairly
trapped- -then destruction. Not quite
four hundred uf the 980 vessels lost in
the year 1908 were wrecked through
stranding; 168 of these wore steamships, superior as they were over the
barks and schooners subject to the
whims of the wind. Collisions sont
ninety craft to the bottom. Fire destroyed thirty-eight. Ninety-throe filled and foundered. Under the head
"missing," which means that not even
careful French statisticians can divine
the secrets of the deep, fifty ships were
registered in the 1908 record of disaster.
Missing—tbe word of the maritime
code that sums up the unknowable, admits the inscrutable genius of tho care
less ocean. Tragedy is inherent, mystery is embodied in the term. Swift
disaster under remote stars, lingering
suffering beneath a pitiless sun, heroic,
sacrifice, black cowardice, prayers unavailing, cursings in mndness, hopes
that dwindle to dumb diarpair. tbe
hearts of men shriveled by terror un-
plumbed—talos all told in the sinister
enr of oconn alone and unheard by the
world.
Ships crash into ships; one of them
nt least usually survives the shock to
bring to the nearest port tidings of the
accident if not survivors from the craft
that disappeared. Ships drive upon
some savage coast; their wreckage tells
the tale if every mouth ifl stilled.   But
what of craft that Bail out on ocean
tracks out aud out to the wide port of
lost ships? Thoy aro reported, perchance, by this ship and that; then
months pass; cables buzz in inquiry
from port to port; ships' captains scan
tho waters where hopo insists that they
must be.     Hopo snaps finally.
Missing. Lost. No man will kuow
whore or how the sea snared theso
ships, nor whut was the doath that was
visited upon thoir crows.
SUPERSTITIONS ABOUT SALT
Tt is a curious fact that, from the
earliest times, many superstitions have
clung about the use of salt. Thero is
much evidence In Holy Writ for core
menial uses ot it. The Mosaic law
coniimindB that every oblation of meat
offering shall be seasoned with salt,
a command that is givon, with variations, in various books of the Bible,
such as Leviticus ii., 13, and Ezekiel
xvi., -t, lu tho old days salt was put
into a child's mouth in baptism, und
in some countries to this day tho ens
torn is followed of throwing a pinch
of it into holy wator to ward off the
evil spirit.
Homer calls salt divine. Tho old
Teutonic rncos looked upon Bait springs
11s holy, and worshiped them. Tacitus .
tolls of a long and devastating war
wagod ovor the question of lo.dship
over one.
Tho kernel of all the sa'.t superstitions seems to be this: Salt cannot be
corrupt, and has, therefore, tho title
to be rogardod as a symbol of immortality. In Ireland it was for long the
custom to place a pewter plate containing salt upon the heart of tho corpse
until buried. Then, with coals and
holy wator, it was thrown into the
gravo.
Of the vory many superstitions touching salt, the most familiar is, of course,
that which holds it unlucky to spill it.
An origin has been alleged fo. this in
da Vinci*b "Last Supper," wherein, at
the side of Judas, is represented an
overturned salt-vessel. It seems, however, to be a fact that this supesti
tion dates farther back. There >s evidence to show that, when the victims
for Roman sacrifices wore led to death
with salt upon their heads, is was regarded as the "very worst of omens
should they shako it off.
THE OUT-OF-DATE DOUBLOON
Should the reader find a pirate's
buried treasure bo will have to dispose
of his Spanish gold at its bullion value,
for, since August 1st, 1908, whon tho
Common Crier made proclamation from
the steps of the Royal Kxchnngs, London, Kngland, that after that date the
doubloon would cease to bo legal ten
der in the West Indies, including Brit
ish Guiana, the doubloon has not been
the precious thing it was.
Tn 1730, and for a century after, it
was worth eight dollars,' "more or
less." It has ceased to be coined in
its native country, Spain, and since
1908 it has been unpopular in tbo West
Indies, where for a long timo it figured
in a mixed circulation embracing Brit
ish. United States, and Spanish coins.
In the interest of romance, however,
the name nt least must survive. It
signifies nothing more than that tho
coin wns double the value of a pistole;
but tbe "doubloon" was uever such n
mouth-filling mockery as "piecos of
eight," which suggests great riefces,
but moans only Spanish silver dollnrs,
pieces equivalent to eight reals.
WANTED—A METAL
Kxperts seem pretty well agreed that
one of the greatest needs at present is
the industry of mining is a metal that
shall bo strong, tough, nnd very considerably harder than quartz.
The production of such a material, it
is believed, would conduce more to the
technical advancement of several bran-.
ehes of mining than almost any other
discovery that could be named. The
metal is'needed as a substitute for din
monds in drills. The only kind of diamonds suitable for this purpose are
dark, opaque stones, showing no cleavage, und known in the trade as "car
bons." They ore very senrce and pro
portionately dear.
DYSPEPTIC PHILOSOPHY
If angols play tbe harp, as we are
led to suppose, let us hopo they play
it better than the average amateur.
There are  only  two  wnys to check
the extravagance of the girl you are-
engaged to.    Either break off the on
gagemont or marry her.
A woman's a woman for a' that.
Even a suffragette may retain her
appetite for icecream soda.
Ever notice that when a girl marries a mnn to reform him she always
picks out a rich one!
Any kid would rather be n live boy
thnn a dead angel.
When a man is cornered it doesn't
necessary mean thnt. he is square.
You don't have to be nn athlete to
throw bouquets nt yourself,
PAPER TOWELS
An article whirh has been adopted iu
the United States, and which should
hold out great possibilities in this country, is tho paper towel. It is of the
same size as the conventional domestic
article, and made of soft, absorbent,
light paper which does not tear readily
when moistened. The towels aro made
either in separate sheets or in the form
of a long roll perforated at intervals
to facilitate detachment, and after being used arc discarded nnd destroyed.
They are generality made up in consignments of two hundred and fifty and five
hundred sheets, and nre greatly appreciated not only in the home but in clubs
and other institutions. The cost of
tbe paper articles is infinitely less than
the charge made by a laundry for cleaning a towol that would be in use a similar number of times. We have a
paper serviette, and it would surely be
worth the while of some enterprising
British manufacturer to supply a paper
towel for drying the hands and face.
The paper possesses no chemicals which
are liable to affect the skin injuriously,
and in some instances is impregnated
with harmless aromatic substances.
107
•
mmm^mmmmmMmmM
mmmmmmmmmmmmmaaaammmmmmmm THE ISLANDER, CUMBERLAND,  B.C.
((,1
FALL
SkinSores
When troobled with faU
rashea, eczema, or any tkln
disease apply Zam-Buk!
Surprising how quickly tt •»••■
th* sauttntl ud •ttagtatfl Also
cons cuts, karat, sens and pllajs.
Z>aa-Buk b madatroa pur* lurks! anssncts. Notnirulftts—no
■loonl poisons. Flaost bailor I
Dntfsfigt$ m Jl fpM WmrYmmtn.
am-Ruk
A Care for Rheumatism.—A painful
and persistent form of rheumatism is
caused by impurities in tho blood, tho
result of defective action of tbe liver
and kidneys. Ihe blood becomes tainted by tbe introduction of uric acid,
which causes much pain in the tissues
uud in the joints. Parmelee's Vegetable Pills are known to havo effected
many remarkaolo cures, and their use is
strongly recommended A trial of them
will convince anyone of their value.
A STATUE WROUGHT IN CONCRETE
Reinforced concrete as a constructional material is coming more and
more into favor. Recently it was
pressed into service for statuary pur
poses, a fine piece of work in this medium having been completed recently
at tispaly, in France. The statue,
which is forty-eight feet high, crowns
n pedestal twenty-four feet in height,
the total height of the monument therefore being seventy-two feet. It was
intended originally that the statue
should be cast in iron, but dilliculties
arose with the donor, so that he decided ultimately to ascertain tbe possibilities of reinforced concrete for this
purpose. It was a task beset with innumerable and peculiar difficulties; but
these were overcome as they arose, and
tbe statue resembles iu every way a
piece of work in stone. Tbe statue
was divided into four parts—namely,
the cylindrical base, a vertical core, a
series of horizontal ribs couinecting
the core with the external shell carrying the contour of the figure, and a
special limb to support the uplifted
arm. The total weight of the statue is
eighty tons. The perfection of thu
work' has aroused considerable comment, the statue having the appearance
of having boon curved from a solid
block of stone.
"Vou know that grocer of oursT"
exclaimed a lady, excitedly, last Satur
day night. "Yes," answered her husband. "What ubout him?" "He
gave mo short weight this evening."
"Why didn't you call him down for
it?" "I didn't notice it until after
1 had paid him a plugged half-dollar,
and  then  what could T  dot"
THE THAMES
(By Sidney Brocks)
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takes
inft
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IWcrf ullr penetrating but duos not
. _ blister anilHrbandapn nor cause, anr
DnplraMntOesa. Fi>w dmnn only required nt each
application AIISOBJUINE, JR.. lUOandr>jQ0»
botilo ut draiKbts or aellrorod. liook S O free*
H.r.YWN€.PJ>^.,5t0lynuma]d«,H«tre*J,C«?».
.    Alttftmiiaihi^tijr Martin lktleftWynmOn., Wltinlirrr  '
V'n n.iUuti ii UnwaMCbonileU Co., WUujIom tttMgaiy
' • " - ik«w«litua.Cii. lid.. Vr	
Aim fill i.Hh-iI Ity Martin H«1e A Wynne Co., Wltiti I !*■(;■
in National UrtlfflUlii ''InitnlcsJ Co., \viuulur,;st Caiitaif.'
I HriHlvnon llrut, Co, Ud.. VaacuiVer
Well, Well!
JTHISUa HOME DYE
'ANYONE
,ean use
If-
*l dyed ALL these
DIFFERENT KINDS
of Goods
=:- ««h the SAME One.
I used
DYOLA
OLEAN and SIMPLE to Use.
NO chance nf tuintf the WRONG Ily i- for the Good.
one has t» color AU color* from your DruRBlat or
llralcf. fKKKf:olnr<:urda>td STllttY Rooltklll,
The '•ftnaua-Rkhanlaun Co., Limited, Montreal,
Success
Business College
C«. Pitta* An. ui EtlmtitH St.
WINNIPEG. MAN,
Courses — Bookkeeping,   Shorthand, Typewriting & Englisli
rail term now open.   Enter tltf time.
Metal our etudenta in •raurinr
food position!.
Write i«j day (or large free 'tataloiruF
F. G. M1WTT, C. C. WIMIRS,
PriMlptJ
What appeals to one in the Thames
more than anything else is its sense
of intimacy. Mr, Henry James once
asked if the English could really be
said to deserve London. If London includes the tidal reaehes of the Thames,
they do not deserve it. For hore lies
this magnificent highway, neglected,
and, for all transportation purposes
that are not purely industrial, useless
and werse than useless. Time was
whon the Thames played its full part
in the pageant of metropolitan life,
when it was almost as much a thoroughfare as the Strand, and when
every Londoner had mado the trip
from ChelKoa to Groenwich. And what
a trip it wus, and still is for those
who are unfashionably original enough
to venture on it. To steam past the
miles of warehouses and docks that line
each bank, past the Pool of London
thnt Turner so loved to paint with its
myriad masts against a sunset sky, past
the very heart and centre of the world's
shipping, dodging in nnd out among
strange craft manned by the seamen
of all nations, and so dropping slowly
down to Greenwich, where you landed
to stroll in the park, glance' at the famous Observatory that regulates the
maps ef tne world, and take a six-
course dinner of fish, und fish only, at
the Ship Inn—all this made up an ex
perienee not to be had elsewhere and
well worth going through. But now,
alas! the Ship Inn is no more, and the
whitebait dinners it used to furnish
once a year to the ussombled Cabinet
have become a mese t nidi tion; aud you
could cross-examine all your London
acquaintances for n week on end without coming across one who hnd been
on the Thames below London Bridge.
It is not of these lower reaches that
one thinks in insisting on the intimacy,
the cosiness, the confidential allure
mehts of the Thames, but of the river
above Teddington, above the locks, and
all the way to Oxford, where steamers
seem sacrilegious, barges an incongru-
mis impertinence, and where the summons is altogether to enjoyment and
not at all to use. Steamers, it is true,
ply regularly from May to October up
und down these placid waters, and if
time preKses you mny take your seat
in one of them und cover your fifty
swishing miles a day. But it must be
on the understanding that you miss
thereby the true beauty and distinctiveness of the river, that you are on
the Thames but not of it, and thut as
you fill three-quartern of each lock or
send great waves bowling beneath the
willows, not only the real Thames
lovers iu the rowboats, but the very
water rats peeling rushes on the banks,
are entitled to look reproach at you.
For vour presence there in such su>
round ings, however you may excuse it,
is an offense that is little less than
treason. You are on a steamer—and
there are miles upon miles where the
Thames is not more than thirty or forty
yards wide. You dominate it, you be
stride it; you are as out of place as a
four-in-hand in a country lane; nnd the
swirl of the waters in your wake, rebounding from either bank, shows the
painful, complaining effort of the
-stream to receive and support its monstrous burden. The tortured banks,
the troubled river craft, the tossed
rushes, plaits, and grasses, and the
commotion among the wild life of the
stream, all register you a graceless, obstreperous intruder. *
And then, again, ou a steamer you
are one of a crowd; and the, Thames
is not meant for crowds, but for individuals in pairs. Its case is just the
opposite of the Hudson's, on whose
majestic breadth anything smaller than
in Albany day-bout seems lost, und the
;rrim grandeur of whose cliffs makes
companionship as natural as on the At
Inn tic wastes. But the Thames is con
secrated to the single and double sculler, the punt, the Canadian canoe, the
small electric or motor launch; to easy,
dawdling talk; to chosen, utipromiscu-
ous society, it te not majestic; it has
no grandeur; it is simply, softly, and
shyly beautiful. And the way to get
ro the heart of its beauty is not to rush
down it in mid-stream, but to loiter
about on its restful waters, to explore
its secret nooks aad surprises, its backwaters and tributaries and islets, to
land when you come to any village
that looks particularly tempting, to tie
up under a willow or bury yourself and
your boat in a clump of rushes when
you feel like it, and never to be oue
of a party that is intent on "doing''
Thames by a day's. judicious sculling
of ten to fifteen miles than by covering the whole distance between London
and Oxford in a steamer.
And there is no better starting point,
if you wish to compass the best that
the Thames has to offer, than Maidenhead, some sixty miles below Oxford
and some thirty-five above Richmond.
Its only drawback as you push off in
your boat--and whnt boats these
Thames boats are!-—long, narrow, light,
luxurious, springing to the stroke of the
oar like a horse to the whip—its only
drawback is that it brings you at once
to a stretch of scenery that yon know
by instinct is too good to Inst. First
tnefO is Boulter's Lock, through which
everybody foels mysteriously bound to
puss on the Sunday after the Ascot
races, and whore even on less obligatory
Sabbaths yon may see the fashionable
side of Thames life at its host, the
incn iu thoir whitest, the women in
their gayest, and the water in the lock
all but hidden from view beneath the
packed jumble of launches, rowboats,
punts, and canoes. Then, as you emerge
up stream, you ure greeted on the right
by the rich, deep, towering sweep of
the Cliveden Woods, tumbling in cas-
eafles of beechc down to tho river's
edge for two shimmering miles, broken
by inviting glades and exquisitely
harmonious cottages, boat-houses, and
landing-stages, and crowned hy the famous white mansion; while on the left
there are other woods and a succession
of riverside houses, each with its faultless lawn and gardens sloping to the
water's brink; and higher up you skirt
what is perhaps the most enticing of
the many beautiful islands on the
Thames,
The overture is perhaps too perfect;
nothing that comes aftor, not even the
dark grace ef the Quarry Woods at
Bourne Ind, er the laming beeches of
Hart's Wood above Pungbenrne in a
late September sunset, quite equals the
suffusion of its tender, penetrating
charm. And yet the more one sees of
the Thames the more one hositates to
pronounce this bit or that "the best,"
or to decide under which of its bountiful nnd varied aspects it makes the
Burest appeal. The selection of the
worst bit offers less embarrassment.
Unanimously it is awarded to the mile
or two of suburb, flatland, chimney,
and railway embankment that usher
in the town of Beading, onee renowned
for tne magnificence of its Benedictine
Abbe*/ and new for its bulbs and its
biscuits. But to dogmatize as to which
is the choicest vista or the loveliest
reach on tbe Thames is really aa hope*
less and as puerile as to eboose between Shakospero's sonnets.
If you have seen the Cliveden Woods
in the brimming glory of July you will
say that nothing can surpass them. But
you will say the same of the Hurley
backwater if you creep into it some
morning in lute May when tbe chestnut
blossoms and the hawthorn overarch
its pellucid waters and the kingfisher
is diving for his morning meal. And
you will say the same of Soaning with
its clustered islands and chalets and
old red bridge, and of the twin villages
of Coring and Streatley, and of Maple
durhiun Lock with its Tudor manor-
house, its weir and embowered mill, as
you approach them through the haze
of the September twilight; the same,
too, of the noble reach at Henley, surely during regatta week tho cleanest,
prettiest, and most joyous scene that
the August sun over shone on; the same
also of Dutch-like Abingdon as you
stent some inollow afternoon upon its
thousand years of quaintness; the same
again of some stretch too familiar, too
typical of Kngland and tho Thames to
be remarked at the time, but rising
before one in retrospect with rure and
compelling quiotude of effect—just
wooded hills on the one side sloping
down to the clear stream aud morrored
in its waters, and on the other, where
the towpath runs, the green, kine-Btud-
ded meadows stretching away to the
smiling uplands.
So that on the whole one leaves the
problem comfortably unsolved. It defies any finality of settlement, as all
problems must that are matters of
moods and months. There are times
when the vivid confusion and jollity
of a regatta that is one-fourth racing
Hurt three fourths a brilliant al fresco
picnic scene needed to bring out the
perfection of the background; and
when the river without its dazzle of
house-boats, thronging craft, men in
spotless flannels, and women in the
witchery uf their gossamer radiance,
seems hardly to be the Thames at all.
There are times, too, on the evening
of some such carnival, when, reclining
in one's punt, in the warm, deep-blue
darkness that is pierced and heightened
by the glow of Chinese lanterns, one
lazily watches the bursting fireworks,
nowhere so beautiful as on water, and
vows thnt tbe daylight has nothing
to show more fair. And there are
times when crowds become au abomination, when oven the sight of a wo
man engaged in the deftest, the most
graceful and feminine, exercise of
punting is a vexation, when one wel
comes the long-deserted reaches, finds
all the companionship one needs in the
moorhens and dabchicks, the reed-buntings and sedge-warblers, the herons and
swans, and blesses the wise laws that
have made the Thames a bird sanctuary
and migration route.
But the mood that most often recurs
is one in which alien presences, within
moderation, rouse no resentment, in
which oue has something of the equable,
hospitable spirit of the river itself aud
gives one's self up to a day of casual
adventures and purposeless explorations. To such a mood the Thames
responds with ungrudging sweetness of
surrender; and one's reward is very
great. Never to be set on getting any
whore in particular is the first of the
injunctions imposed by the genius of
the liver upon its worshippers. And
the second is liko unto it—never to
keep to the main stream when an armlet, a backwater, a creek, or a pool invites yon to stray. With these precepts to guide you, you will discover,
what the point-to-point rowers and the
passengers on the steamers wilt never
learn, that the Thames keeps half its
beauties in reserve, to be disclosed to
those only who seek them out. You
will push into some willow-shaded beckoning byway, like the one near Cleeve,
and find it opening out into a pond of
water-lilies, with the river foaming
over a weir a hundrod yards away, and
nearer still a tawny Quoon Anne farm
house, ablaze with flowers, while you
listen to the music of a yot older mill.
You will turn on your course when you
pass through Goring Lock, and, floating
down the backwater on the left, you
will surprise a venerable inn a few
yards from the wator's edge, yet half
hidden in a riot of roses, and below it,
incomparably set, a mill coeval with
the monasteries. You will pull in bo
hind the screen of willows on the bank,
and there amid loosestrife, valerian,
snapdragon, forget-me-not, and the uni
versa), immemorial fresh-water plants
nnd grasses, dream a whole morning
away without a moment of self reproach.
And, above al), you will fearlessly
and frequently land. To row from
Marlow to Hurley is no doubt very
good. You pnsB by a succession of
riverside houses, each with its lush
lawns, its brave flower-beds, and its
thatched boat-house in front; you pass
by Bisliam Abbey, a superlative Tudor
structure on a twelfth-century foundation; you pass by tho Abbey Church
with its gray Norman tower; you pass
by reach upon reach of willows, alders,
and poplars; and it te all exquisite.
But it is better still, it gives new valuos
to everything, if before pushing on you
land at Marlow, and wander round tho
quiet, spacious streets of the old market town and glimpse its manor-house,
its ancient, inns, and its flower-smothered cottages, and stand before the house
where Shelley wrote "The Revolt of
Islam;" and if whon Hurley is reached
you stroll past the lock-keeper's cottage, past a ban that nine hundred
years age waa the refectory of an historic priory, and through the fields to
the "Old Bell Inn" at Hurley village,
quaintest, most rambing and ancient
of English hostelries, whore Qncen ffli-
wihcfh slept or ought to have slept,
where Jacobean coffers waylay you in
the hall and on the landings, and old
brass candlesticks twinkle at you beneath an oak-raftered ceiling.
The delights uud memories of a day
so spent will vanquish for the time
being nil the other preferences with
which tbe Thames distracts the minds
and hearts of its votaries. But, indeed, there is no part of tbe ninety odd
miles between Teddington and Oxford
that does not make good in its own
special claim to history, romance, and
beauty. Even Beading" is more dismal
than ugly; even the railway bridges
are rather stupid than criminal; there is
sometimes tamoness, there is never
monotony, in the slow progression, the
facile, continuous blond of meadow,
hill, and wood, long level reaehes und
tossing weirs, modern suburb or "resort" and villages that go back to tbe
beginnings of Knglish annals, houseboats, electric launches, and twentieth-
century architecture side by side with
medieval abbeys, gray, time-worn castles, and manor-houses that saw and
survived the Wars of the Roses.
Tbe very locks have a charm. Once
on an average in every three miles
their white and friendly doorways bar
your path; the river is girdled for your
service und squeezed into a stone box
with wooden ends some forty or fifty
yards in length and six or seven in
width; you hail the lockkeeper; tbe
gate smoothly and slowly opens; a
steady stroke or two—with tbe sculls
shipped at the crucial moment—a deft
hand on tbe rudder, and you glide into
the oblong well and prison-house, with
its walls of masonty—if your direction
is up-stream—frowning six feet or more
above you. Tbe gate through which
you have entered is closed; with hand
or boat-hook you hold on to one of the
chains that dangle down the walls;
the shutters in the door at tho other
eud are opened; the wuter swirls into
the Iocs and you mount' and mount to
the level of the reach beyond—to the
level also of the lock-keeper's cottage,
creeper-covered, old and harmonious,
and of his garden-patch, one luscious,
fragrant spread of flowers.
It makes a pleasant, and restful interlude, this business of getting into
and out of the loeks. And to do it
without a fumble or a hitch under tbe
politely critical eye of the lock-keeper
and the less polite but not less critical
eyes of the casual lookers-on somewhat tests the skill of both rower and
steerer. You must point the head of
the boat straight for the inflowing rush
of water; you must keep clear of the
stone steps cut in the walls of the lock,
of the gates at either end, and of the
screws of the steamers and launches.
Tn getting out, since there is no room
to use the sculls, you have to be fairly
handy with the boat hook; and the less
paint you scrape off the other boats in
the lock the better for the peace and
neighborliness of the occasion.
But the locks testify not alone to the
foresight and excellent care of the
Thames Conservancy Board, but also
to the embellishment this fortunate
river derives from the handiwork of
man. There can hardly be anything
more artificial and prosaic and defiant
of nature than a lock. But the Thames
locks never jar on one. They compose
with, they fit into, they positively
heighten, the beauties of the stream;
they are as much a feature of it and as
grateful to the eye as the willows, the
woods, and the swans; they seem always in the right, inevitable, enhanc
ing place; with tlieir mellow cottages,
their blaze of flowers, and their whole
air of trim, clean orderliness they prolong and intensify that gentle effect
which is the note of nearly all Knglish
scenery, but pre-eminently of the scenery of the Thames, the effect of an ar
ranged panorama, of an unfolding
series oi "pictures" in which Nature
appears as the ally, if not the servant,
of Man, with her angularities and care
lessiiess smoothed out and subdued.
One feels this effct most of all, perhaps, as one passes by the riverside
residences, with their mint-sauce lawns
ending only a few inches above the
water's level, their gardens a brilliant
fairyland of flowers, and always something going on in the grounds around
—a game of tennis or croquet, or children romping about, or "groups under
the dreaming garden trees," always
something to hold and interest the eye
as you row past and to widen and supplement the artistic, and emotional appeal. Such houses, new ond old, huilt
with the generous spaciousness of the
Georgians, or nestliug half hidden iu
the woods like a Swiss chalet, or tacked on, like Medmenham Abbey, to the
ruins of an ancient monnstery, line one
bank of the Thames or the other almost the whole wny from London to
Oxford. They arc not all of tljem, to
be sure, successes; even here the new
architecture, not loss dastardly and still
more conspicuous than the new art, has
found its way. But, on the whole, it is
wonderful how rarely one finds a wrong
note struck. In Kngland, where the
instinct for gardening is universal and
the soil, epsecially along tho Thames
Valley, of phenomonnl fertility, it takes
a very few years to bury a brand new
house in vines antl creepers and to con
vert eacli plot of ground into a minin
ture paradise. The Knglish have no
thing to lenrn from anyone in this
branch of art, and along the Thames
they have put forth their best.
And these old mansions, abbeys, inns
mills, and bridges; these quiet, half
forgotten villages; this whole luxurious
countryside with its zigzagging silver
Thames—remember thnt, they have seen
and known and still bear tlm marks of
nearly all English history. Hore is a
village mentioned in Domesday; thero
is a market town that sent representatives to Parliament six hundrod years
ago; in that church sleeps Warwick the
Kingmaker; higher up is a priory
founded in the reign of King John; a
mile or two away is a church conse-
crated in 108ft; there stands a mansion
that only Sir Christopher Wren could
have designed, and there another that
was beseiged in tho Civil War; this
little cluster of housos a thousand years
ago was the centre of a vast diocese;
yonder depressing town of chimneya
and factories that you pass with disdainful eyes and quickened stroke has
none the less a history that goos back
to tho Dnnish Wars boforo the Norman
Conquest; that sleopy manor-house to
which one's heart goes out antedates
the discovery ef America by a hunderd
and fifty years; here wus a ford over
whisk the' Remaas came pouring, and
tha town that commanded it—today
tbe quietest of villages but for the
motorists who speed through it from
Oxford to Heading—made stirring and
momentous history from William the
Conqueror's day to Oliver Cromwell's;
and there is a bridge that for five hundred years has borne, and hears ut this
moment, the burden of a main-road
traffic.
The Thames, indeed, and the life that
grew about it, the great abbeys and
priories that settled on its banks—the
Thames, so easy to navigate and to
ford and running two hundred and fifty
miles into the heart of the country, wus
for many conturics Kngland, or at least
the richest, most cultivated, and most
civilized part of it, the centre of its
religious and scholastic life, its chief
battle-ground, its social, commercial,
and stragetical dividing-line between
north and south; and to pass along It
from London to Oxford is*to focus all
English history from the Roman invasion to the twentieth century.
But even a dozen miles of judicious
sculling and landing are enough to
carry one baek through the ages. You
start, for instance, some twenty miles
below Oxford, at Wallingford, itself
in all probability the site of a Roman
settlement, sacked certainly by the
DaneB, fortified by the Normans, and
from then to the Civil War, when its
castle was finally destroyed, an intimate and vigorous part of Knglish annals. You cross the rivor a little high
or up, land, and, after less than half
an hour's walk through tbe meadows
by a brookside, you reach Kwelme, the
"model villuge" of the fifteenth century and still an embowered grotto
of ancient, isolated peace, with its
church, almshouse, and grammar-school
much as they were when Chaucer's
granddaugther, the Duchess of Suffolk,
built them four hundred and eighty
years ago.
You rejoin the river, and nn hour's
easy rowing brings you in sight of an
old gray church-tower and a hamlet of
mossy, red-tilod roofs a few'fields away
on the right. And if you land there, it
is to dip your fingers in the very source
of all things Knglish. Only a few
hundred yards from the river's bank
and between you and the church lie
mounds, ramparts, and earthworks that
the archaeologists ascribe to a time
before the coming of the Romans. And
Dorchester itself saw tbe baptism of
the first West Saxon king to become a
Christian, was the ecclesiastical centre
iu the tenth century of a diocese that
stretched from Worcester to Winchester
-a diocese today split up into half a
dozen sees—and somewhere about 1140
saw tbe beginnings of that stately
abbey, with its beautiful east and its
still more famous Jesse Window, thut
escaped the sack of the Dissolution and
still stamps with its memento of former greatness the little, gracious village that the modern world has never
touched.
But there is better still to come. It
awaits you when, in the boat once
more, you pull the seven or eight miles
tbat end at Abingdon, passing on tbe
way villages and backwaters tbat in
themselves are abundantly worth a day
of leisurely exploration. Ono could
wish for no happier crown to a river
jaunt than to glide in the softness of
a late summer afternoon into the heart
of Abingdon, past the riverside walk
which with its greenery nnd its mounting background of burnished, gabled
houses looks like a bit of Holland transplanted, and beneath tbe bridge that
has seen five hundred years of English
history roll over it—there to land and
stroll rouud the townlot that legend
connects with Diocletian and fact with
the power and magnificence of a
seventh-century Benedictine Abbey; to
walk in the clean and spacious market
Whit About Your Kidneys?
Your back aches and fairly groans
with the distress of kidney trouble.
You're discouraged, but you mustn't
give up. The battle can be quickly wou
whon Or. Hamilton's Pills get to work.
These kidney specialists bring new
health and vitality to young uud old
alike. Even oue box proves their marvelous power. Continue this great healer, und your kidneys will become at
strong, as vigorous, as able to work as
new ones.
Remember this: Dr. Hamilton's Pills
are purely vegetable; they do cure
liver, bladder and kidney trouble. They
will ('.urn you, or your money baek.
Price 25e per box, at all dealers.
place where the County Hall, designed
by Inigo JonuH, stands out finely and
proudly from n sweeping segment of
yet older houses; and to surprise in
somo narrow, tortuous alleyway or
down some eobbled secluded street a
chimney stack or gateway, a mill or
almshouse, a cluster of cottages, or an
overhanging inn, linking today with
tbe England uf the Saxons, the Normans, the PlaiitagenotB, and the Tn
dors. It is such liberal delights aa
those, apart from its own treasure*1 of
beauty und enjoyment, that make the
Thames among rivers incomparable.
A SMOKE COMBUSTOR
An ingenious apparatus devised to
solve the smMt. prafaaein has been introduced into this country from Gcr
many. It comprises a special form
of grate whereby air is admitted to the
furnace at curtain points to bring ubout
the complete combustion of the fuel.
The part of tho fire most susceptible
to the emission of smoke due to incoin
plete combustion is tho front, aud the
unhurried carbon escapes up the chimney, lu the new system, the air ud
mitted from the back is causod to
mingle with the imperfectly consumed
fuel in tbe front of tbe fire, the fresh
air at high temperature being supplied
in small streams from a series of bent
pipes, thereby bringing about complete
combustion. In the land of its origin
tho appliance is stated to have achieved
distinct success, over five hundred fur
naces being fitted therewith. It is said
that complete smokelesBness is secured
irrespective of the nature of the fuel
used, while the apparatus has a long
life, and no motive power is required to
operate it. The saving in fuel, also,
is stated to be considerable. The sue
cess of the invention in Germany should
be sufficient to warrant its introduction
into other countries where the abatement of smoke is a matter of vital im
portanee.
TRAVELS OF THE TEEN
By migrating from pole to pole, the
arctic tern becomes tbe greatest traveller in the world, and aieo manages
to enjoy more daylight than any other
bird. It hus been found nesting within 500 miles of the pole. When the
young are grown, the entire family
leave for tbe south, and some months
later are found skirting the edges of
the antarctic. As the daylight season
draws to a close in the farsoutb, the
long journey north is undertaken.
Bub It In for Lame Back.—A brisk
rubbing with Dr. Thomas' Kclectric Oi)
will cure lame back. The skin will im
mediately absorb tho oil and it will
penetrate tbe tissues and bring speedy
relief. Try it und be convinced, As
the liniment sinks in the pain cornea*
out, and there aro ample grounds for
saying that its touch is magical, as it
is.
Rifle and Pistol Cartridges
The advent of smokeless powder called for improved methods in
the manufacture of rifle and pistol cartridges with the result that
all cartridges are now made better than formerly. Winchester
rifle and pistol smokeless and black powder cartridges are made
in the most complete plant in tbe world, by experts, and can be
depended upon to be sure fire and accurate, and of maximum
shooting strength,   They cost no mora Oan many inferior makes.
Ask for the Red W Brand
SOLD EVERYWHERE
W       _A*fl(
P(
SHOE KOLISH
Is good for Ladies' fine footwear as weU
as Gentlemen's Shoes.
It does not soil the dainties! garment, the
Polish being smooth, brilliant and lasting.
It contains no turpentine, Try it with a
match.
It is good for your shoes.
THE F. F. DALLEY CO., Limited,    o
HAMILTON, Ont,   BUFFALO, N. Y.   and   LONDON, E«e.
107 ttata
THE ISLANDEfc, erMBEKUND, E.C
THE    ISLftNDBR
Published   every   Saturday   at   OumWlunrl.   B.O.,   by
The Islander Printing k Publishing Company
Charms C. Seoiiave,
Managing Editor.
Advertimug ram pul.lishcil elnuniiu., in llir papui,
rjubsiriptiou prise |1.S0 per jear, payable in advance
The editor doe* not bold   hunitlf responsible for views expressed by
correspondent*.
SATURDAY, OCT. 21,   1911.
What the Editor has to say.
The Islander has been requested to draw the attention
of the Police Comissioners to the bad language used by young
boys on our streets, it is lamentable to hear the low and depraved expression that so shamelessly pour from their lips no doubt
in most cases learnt in the home circle used in common conversion by the fathers and elder brothers and the children are
more to be pitied than blamed as they naturally think it manly
to copy and repeat the expressions they hear so continuously.
We are not in a position to to say if the Principals and
Teachers in tbe Public School give lessons on pure and clean
language and good manners generally, which are quite as important, and recognize that if they do but are not
supported by parental authority and example they have to contend with heavy odds.
That two thirds of the property owners on Dunsmuir Avenue
have petitioned the City Council to bring in a by-law to lay ce
ment sidewalks under local improvement plan and the prompt
action of the Mayor to call a public meettng to discuss and ensure mutual co-operation is a forward movement that is highly
creditable to the city, and we trust that it will result in a
start being made in carrying it out to a fiinish at the earliest
possible. it will undoubtably add a hundred per cent to the
appearance of the street and materially increase the value of
the property by removing that back woods appearance of a one
horse town.
If the delapidated wooden sidewalks with their protruding nails and loose boards are torn up in the back streets, and
and laid with ashes, it will do away with the now risk of acci
dent and give more exercise to the city horse and new dump
cart. The offer of the sand and gravel by the Colliery Co
proves that they are desirous of assisting to improve our city i s
TheIsLANDER has always contended they would and we would
re ipectfully request the Comissioners to see that their officers
do all possible to abate tlie present state of affairs on the public
streets.
We have also received complaints of boys of 8 to 10 or 12
years of age been frequently seen smoking cigarettes often hid-
iug amongst packing cases to escape observation.
Cigarette smoking is medically condemned as being most
injurious to the physical development of boys and youths, and
has been made a statutory offense to sell them to anyone un.-
the age.
ISLIDEI MUSING flJITES
Display Advertisements
76 cents per column inch per nr nth.
Special rate for half page or more.
Condensed Advertisements
1 cent 1 word, 1 issue ; minimum charge 25 cents.
Mo accounts run for this class of advertising
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
SIR EDMUND WALKER, C.V.O., LL.D., D.O.L, PRESIDENT
ALEXANDER LAIRD, General Manager
CAPITAL, - $10,000,000~      REST» -   $8,000,000
FARMERS' BUSINESS
The Canadian Bank of Commerce extends to Farmers every facility
for the transaction of their banking business including the discount and
collection of sales notes. Blank sales notes are supplied free of charge
on application.
BANKING  BY  MAIL
Accounts may be opened at every branch of The Canadian Bank of
Commerce to be operated by mail, and will receive the same careful
attention as is given to all other departments of the Bank's business.
Money may be deposited or withdrawn in this way as satisfactorily as
by a personal visit to the Bank. ami
CUMBERLAND BRANCH.      W. T. WHITE, Manager.
FRUIT TREES
Not the Cheapest, but the Best
Catalogue Free
Vancouver Island Nursery Co.,
Ltd.
Somenos, V.I.
Pilsener Beer
The product of Pure Malt and
Bohemian Hops
Absolutely no chemicals used
in its manufacture-
B ottled Beer Supplied to the Trade Only.
sssBest on the (Boastas
Pilsener Brewing Co.,    Cumberland. B.C.
FANCY   CHINAWARE
A good assortment of Berry Sets,
Fancy Cups and Saucers, Mugs, etc,
just opened out, also an assortment
of Toilet Sets.
A Full Stock of Furniture Beds and Bidding Always on Hand.
"The Furniture Store"
MoPhee Block A.   McKINjNON      Cumberland, B.O
The Property known as
McPhee's Orchard
is now being subdivided into lots.
For Full Particulars Apply
The Island Realty Co.
Fire, Life, Live Stock P. L. AN DERTON,
... Accident. . Phone 22.     Courtenay, B. 0.
G0P1BEILIN1LIUERY 81H8LE8
CLOUTIER A KIRKBRIDE
PROPRIETORS
All Kinds of Hauling Bone
First Class Eigs For Hire.
Orders Promptly Attended to
(BajggfaBaBgaB3BH5Bffl8 nlAXS:
^JWctonefi Annuities
^Jteaf: §$taie
Offices: Comox & Courtenay.
FOB SALE
CLEAEED FAEMS, BUSH LAND
AND LOTS
Agents for E. & N. Lands,
Comox District.
Beadnell & Thwaites
heSSE
..ICitts.
"Leading Tobacco King."
*a^aa^a**^^a^ar^a^
Better known as
"LONG WILLIE"
Dealer In Fruits, Candy, Cigars
and Tobacco.
t&. Iiilliu.nl Huinii in connection
GENERAL BLACKSMITHS
Horseshoeing a   Specialty
Third Ave, Cumberland
11
Local Agent lor
The London & Lancashire
Fire Insurance Co.
(Jet, rates before Insuring else
where
Office: Cumberland
mgmg'.vttttitllittoihMit&ibWMtsTeVsl
A FINE LINE OF NEW
MATERIALS JUST RE-
■   ,   .-   CHIVED   :   :   :
P. DUNNE
up-iu-ilaie tenant Tailor
[olVlUltt  &V.L.NU
Sale of Mineral Claims for unpaid taxes in the Comox
Assessment District,
I hereby give notice thai, on Monday, the 6th dar of Nnremher 1911. A 1) , tt ths boor "f ten o'olook io Ihe
forenoon, at tbe Court Hnuie, Cumberland, I shall offer 'or sale at Public Auction Ibe Mineral Claim* in tbe list here
loader let nut. oftbe periods io Ibe (aid Hit heminaf'er set o it, nl whinii Clrnwn Oranti h«v.. boi'n limed, for the
tairs remaining unpaid and delinquent by said p<Mo> s on the 30 h day of Jim, 1911, and for cntHa aud ii|ei aes, i'
the tutal amouutdue Is uot sooner paid.
LIST ABOVE MENTIONED.     "
Owner
N ame of Claim Lot No.
Taxes       Costs Total
Crane, Charles K 	
Crane, Charles 15   	
Burns, W. E	
Burns, W, E	
British American Development
Syndics te	
British American Development
Syndicate	
Union   .
Electric 	
Sunset ,
Molly Glbfrin
Copper Queoo
Copper Prince
3lli Oust, Di-triet ll. I
317 Const District R. I
358 Coast District R. 1
809 Const District R, 1
2082 Group 1,  N.W.I)...
2088 Gnup 1,  N.W.D...
12 Tp
•!.  00
12 75
■ 2 00
12 00
2 00
12 no
2 00
10 00
2 00
18 00
2 00
14 75
14 75
14 00
14 50
12 00
10 00
Ldted at Cumberland, B C, 6th October 1911
OOOCfOOCHXtC
JOHN BAIRD,
Deputy Assessor and Collector, Comox District. TH? TSLAHDSR Ct'MBERLAiiD. ».&
(&
THE
BIG
Just Arrived ;
A Large Consignment of
Lades' lite' Fall &
IS liter Coa • ese are
cf tbe newest material
and are the very latest
in style, and we offer
them at remarkably low
prices.
INFANTS' WOOL COATS &
HOODS in a bewildering variety and at, prices that you
could not purchase the material. Children's Bears' in Coats
in red, navy blue, browns and
white—very handsome curl—
every size and lowest prices.
Call & See Them
SIMON LIB k 11 MID.
Q. Mo ASTON
i
f
Practical  Watchmaker
All Work Guaranteed
. . NEXT TO TARBELL'S, . .
Dunsmuir Ave   : : :   Cumberland
DISTBICTAOENT ^1_   Q      ^JIMIIDIE]
The i Russel!
AUTOMOBILE
Tlie only Car Made
in    America   with
the "Silent Knight
Valveless Engine,"
Also made in valve
. . . style . . .
Cleveland. Brantford, Massey-Harrts, Perfect and Blue Flyer Bioy
oles- FairbuiKs Moice Qas Engines; also the Moote Gasoline
Lighti.ig Systems. Oliver Typi writers. Repairing of all kinds.
Bicycles, Saving Machines, Huns, etc.     Scissors and Shales ground
Rubber Tires for Baby Carriages.    Hoops Jar Tubs
THIRD STREET, CUMBERLAND.
10EIE11IEJBLJ1D HOTEL
JAMES WALTERS,
PROPRIETOR
THE POOREST OF WINES, LIQUOR & BEER
ALSO THE BEST OF CIGARS.
DUNSMUIR AVENUE : : : CUMBERLAND, B. C.
, i>t,<<<t>>t)>»a>»a>»»><»«>»»   •■>-*>■
CANCELLATION OF KK3KRVB.
Nl ITIPE is hereby girtn thst the ret-
:.„tiug by rssaoii uf» uutiot
puhliabe in th,. lit' i". Oiiltnu '»0«s
»itH..i 4-7.,. 1). . i„ 1WI7, ■»"> ' P«'
rot uf in. aim ,il in Rwail Island
known as L11I N". 462 Ssynard Diatrict,
formerly oniereil by Timber Lioense Nn.
311802 which Lioante eipireit nn tha 20ih
November 1WIII ia cai.c, lied, and the
aaid landa will bo opened to location b>
pre-emption only at uilr)ni|iht on Kridaj
loth Oolober IffU.
ROBT. A. UENWICK.
Deputy Minister of Landa.
Departmentnf Luda,
Victoria, D. C, 5th Joly 11)11.
jyieSoi
PUBLIC HIGHWAYS.
Proninos or Hkitmh Columbia.
NOTICE ia hereby given that allPui
lie Highway, in unorganized dir-
tricta, and all Main Trunk Roads in nr
ganised Diatriota are eixty-aix feet wid,
and have a width of thirty-three lest on
eaoh aide of the mean auaight centra
line of the travelled road.
THOMAS TAYLOR,
Miniater of Publie Works.
Department of Public Works,
Victoria, B. 0., July 7th, 1911.
jylBSm
Star
IS
Third St. A Penrith Avenue
A MAXWELL
Proprietor
All kinds of hauling done
First-class Rigs for Hire
.livery and team work promptly
attended to
SPqPllFiS
Union Lonon No  11, I. 0 0. F.
Mct'ta every Friday evening at 7 oolock
in I, 0. 0. F. Hall. Viaiting brethern
welcome.
I AH. E.   ASTON, SlCKlTARY
Grocers & Bakers
Dealers in all kinds of Oood
Wet Oood*
Best Bread and Beer in Town
Agents for Pilsener Beer
THE
CUMBERLAND
= HOTEL =
W. MERRIFIELD, Prop.
Th finest hotel in the city.
T0E  ISLPE1I
$1.50
a Year
Thousands
Take
Advantage of
..GRAND,.
OPPORTUNITY 1
njnTIMLLV BIDEI Nil.
Sale
Still
Continues
THE CORNER STORE
CUMBERLAND
Sale of Lands for Unpaid Delinquent Taxes in the Comox Assessment District,
Province off British Colombia.
■ I HEREDT GIVE NOTICE that on the lfltlt day of November, 1011, »t the hoar of Eleven o'olock in the
forenoon tt the Court House, Cumberland, B. C, I shall sell by Public Auction the lands hereinafter set out, ef the
persons in the caid list hereinnfter set out, for the delinquent taxes unpaid by said persons on the 81st day of December, 1910, and for interest, costs, and expenses, including the cost of •vdverriiing said sale, if the total amount due is
not sooner paid.
LIST ABOVE MENTIONED.
NAME OF PERSON ASSESSED
Short Dttscainioif or Propimt
DKUNOjUKNT TAXKS
Taiea.    School Inttodte
Taaaa.  of Nali,
Statutory
'.wtanrnl
MxpariRas
TOTAL
McPhee, Jos. owner, Grant, A. teiian
Musters, W.C. .'State	
Auilrews, Charles Rubin 	
Munlghan, H
Rutnsky, James 	
Clarke, James John
Bertiiiux, Catherine .
Dunnington, W. D ...
Mills, W. G	
Hamilton, Alexander	
Smith, Horace, senior, estate of....
Whitson, W. II	
Sennyn, Jacobus A li. 4 N. Ity Co..
Harwood, John.
Gordon. George A..
Gordon, Geurge A..
Palmer, William C.
Webster, B. M	
McGill, JnmesH..
McGill, James 11..
Cox, George A	
White, William H...
Kennv, Marshall J..
White, William H...
Whii«, William H...
Ebarts, Hon, D. M..
Priest, Maria Jane..
Williams, Fiiima..
„ it
Morrison, James..
Williams, Emma	
Hall, Dr. Lewis	
Lugtin, Charles H	
Williams, Mrs. Emma	
Williams, M ro. Emma	
Eberts, Duncan W. estate..
Eberts, Duncan W. estate..
McKav, Alexander..
Bills, William	
McDonald, Peter	
Dominion Trust Co..
Hilton, Gustav ;	
Ahanen, Chr	
Marino Lumber ,fc Trading Co..
Ul* 3 and 4 of Sec. I, Map 275...
-tec. 3, 99 aeros	
Lu 3, block 4, Sharp's Addition to...
Courtenay Townsite, Sec.61 Map 472
Lot II, block 4, Sharp's Ad.lition to
Courtenay Townsitej Sec 61 .Map 472
Ut 12, block 8, of lot 87, map 487...
l/it 14, block 5, of lot 87, map 487
Lot 4 hlk 7 of lot 87, map 487	
Lots 22. and 2:! of subdivision, lot 110
mnp392	
Lots 94, iitid 95, of subdivision, lot 110
map 892	
5 acres, of W. J of lot 114 	
Lot 13'J, 160si.ires	
iO uurcson north boundary of lot 205
' E. lofSW. 14 sec. 9, Tp. I..
NELSON DISTRICT. '
Section 5	
NEWCASTLE DISTRICT
Miction 0	
Section 20 	
OROUP I, N. W. D.
Lot 1376, 167 acres	
1641. 187 acres..	
SAYWARD DISTRICT
Lot 159, M9 acres...	
160. 160 acres	
RUPERT DISTRICT.
Section 35, 167 aores '.,	
11    133, 160 aores ft	
Lot SIB, 99 aores	
228, 94 acres	
Section 2, 490 acres	
Undivided 1-3 < f section 15, Quatsino
M K. 1-4 of section 12, Tp.2,160 aores
Township of Hardy Bav, map 810,
lieine subdivision of 8.W 1 4 of sec
tion .10. Tp. 6.
IMocksI, 2 and 3	
'   4 5,6.7	
Lots 1 to 12. block 9. 1 to 18, block 10
1 1 to 20. hlnek 11. 1 to 20,1 ilk 12
1   2 to 20, hlk 13, 1 to 12, blk 14, 1
to 5. hlk 15	
Lots 7 to 9, hlk 15	
Blocks  16. 17, 18. 19. 20, lots 1, 2 8,
5, 7tol2 of hlk 21	
Lots 2,3, 4 of lick 22	
8 to 11, hlk 23, lots 1 to 19,1.1k 21
1 to 20, blk 25, lots 1 to lOhlk 26
1, 3 to 18, blk 27	
1 to 8. blk 28, 1 to 8 and 5 to 10
blk 29 blk 30	
Lot 1 of blk 31	
Townsite of Port Hardy, map 700,
psrt of sections 30 an 181, Tp 6.
Lots. 8, 6 to 12, blk fi	
5, blk 6	
1 to 10, blk 14	
N,E. 1-4 of sec#4, Tp 9, 160 aores...
S. E. 14 of seo 25 Tp 9, 160 acres..,
N}anilN J of SJofsec 34, Tp 10
S?c35, Tp 10, 640 acres	
COA8T DISTRICT, RANGE I,
Lot 147,167 acres	
158, south ptrt 40 acres	
Part of lots 20, 21,22, blk 4, Shoal
Bay Townsite, subdivision of lotl56
map fit5, Sointula Townsite, Malcolm Island, Map 816	
SE4, 1,1k 2, N W J, blk 14, SWU
hlk 78	
NE 1-1 hlk 28	
NWl-l blk 69	
Wl-lhlk 121	
4 80
40 00
80
90
1 20
1 80
1 80
86
72
1 80
10 80
8 00
8 00
15 00
82 00
4 80
4 80
4 11
9 00
12 0U
5 10
8 60
8 00
15 04
40 00
26 20
16 00
1 80
12 00
4 50
6 00
6 90
4.
15 30
45
4 20
4 50
2 53
2 84
8 60
1 20
25
7 20
16 00
16 00
86 20
51 20
4 80
1 20
1 20
1 8)
60
60
1 20
95
1 18
10
19
07
18
1 20
80
3 76
81
2 26
08
10
10
'20
20
02
05
15
60
50
40
1 00
1 75
25
22
50
66
28
20
44
1 27
2 20
1 44
88
10
66
25
88
ac.
08
84
08
23
2.r)
14
12
52
05
18
80
80
76
56
25
06
06
15
05
05
08
2 00
2 00
1 00
1 00
1 00
1 00
1 00
1 00
1 00
2 Oo
3 00
2 00
2 00
2 00
2 00
2 00
2 00
2 00
2 00
2 00
2 00
a 00
2 00
2 on
i 10
2 ou
2 00
1 00
1 00
1 00
I 00
1 00
1 00
1 00
1 00
1 00
1 00
1 00
1 On
1  00
\  on
1 00
2 uo
2 00
1 00
2 00
1 00
1 00
1 00
1 00
1 00
06
464 44
1 43
2 19
2 30
3 00
800
146
1 90
5 16
13 40
11 30
10 40
il 76
36 75
7 06
7 05
11 50
14 66
7 88
5 811
10 44
18 31
44 VII
i'9 K4
18 88
2 W\
is eu
5 75
7 33
8 26
1 48
17 14
1 48
6 41
5 76
3 69
3 46
6 12
2 25
1 25
9 38
18 80
18 80
38 96
66 76
7 05
3 26
lie
195
1 66
1 66
1 28
berland 9th
October 11)11.
DepuS- Assessor
JOHN BAIRD
x Assessment District, Cumberland P. O. THE ISLANDER, CUMBERLAND, B.C.
NOSE COLDS CURED QUICKLY
Dear Sirs,---, wan u chronic sufferer
frum continuous colds in tho tbruiit und
iiohc, uml for tunny years Rave con
•stuntly had Catarrh, I waa roooromeud'
ad tn'try <'atarrhozone, and hud that
hiy using the inhaler on too lirst touch
of a i-old or La (Jrippe I am aide to stuy
tt in a few hours. I Havo boon aide to
breathe through my noso freely since
using Catarrhozone; in fad I am completely cured. (Signer!) tilwund S. Loo
Sydenham,  Out.
AH dealers sell ratarilirr/.one, in 85c
!>0r and $1,00 si/.es. Hofuse a anbati
tute.
THE   IRON   CEOWN  OF  ITALY
Tho hist olio iron crown of Italy has
played a romantic rolo III the history
of the Peninsula, It was made in the
your fifl*t by tlie command, it is said,
of Tueodolinda, the widow of a Lorn
hard kiflff, on (lie occasion <d' her mur
riagc fo a Duke of Turin.
The crown i.*. of iron overlaid with
gilt. Its significance was supposed tu
lay iu the fact that the weight of
royalty could ne\er lie lightened by its
splendid exterior. The iron of the in
»0r portion was traditionally held t
he une of tlie long nails used nt th
I Irtteifixion,
Por u long time thu crown was In the
keeping of the fnuinus monastery at
Mon/ii.    In   771   it   was  brought   fortll
to he plured upon the head of Charlemagne -'is '' King of tbo Lombards,"
and on Inter occasions It figured in the
triumphs nf Frederic IV. and Charles
V. Finally, In the presence of al! the
representatives of state*) the foreign en
vuys, and princes and officers, Napoleon
Honn parte solemnly unit I'd it lo the
crown of France,
The crown belongs fo the state, uud
the custodian uf it is the legitimate
ropresQutative of the basil lei a of Mou
zn. The title nf "grand custodian,11
however, pertains to the head of tlie
Order of Cavaliers,
OUT OF FASHION
'For exactly three weeks she had been
a member nf tin* golf etub, and wns aex
inns that everyone sll oft Id know it. She
foozled her way ulung the links with a
bug full of shining (dubs, none of which
she knew how to use. and whenever she
was invited out to ten she turned the
conversation to gulf, and interlarded it
profusely with such terms as " bunker," "stymie,'- "divot," and so on.
At last a nice young man Inquired
after her handicap, adding;
"I suppose the ladies of your clul
have handicaps?"
For a moment she wa* noti pluased,
but onlv for a moment.
"Oh," she replied, glibly, "don't,
vou know riiat caps are out of fashion,
however handy thev may be? Besides, we all prefer to go round bare
headed."
A dignified senator decider] tn follow
the prevailing Washington fashion and
learn gulf.       It  was a distressing time
for th iddy.      Striking too low  with
his iron, tin- great man made the dirt
fly. "What have 1 hit?" With in
finite scorn the bov replied. "He Dis
trict of Columbia."
Dr.Martel's Female Pills
EIGHTEEN YEARS TBE STANDARD
I bed kttd r«rommeiMt0d for women'i *U-
t ■cleutia'kaU** prepared remedy of
wortb.    The reitUt from their oh U
amt   ixjnn&neut  F«  mU  »* til  dnf
EyfTT Woman
Chtlliwaek,   British   Columbia
fh« Usrdtn of B C. tn the ftruaue Pr»ier
**U*r r'nii-n Urmm* end (run Unit in the
••rid imotion unknown, tl C. Klectrin Kt
•tmi Vtneonver; C.N H. trmi' -onliDenUl end
#H Kortheru bulldinf. Chilliweck e modrrn
m%9—wftifrworkt, •leeiric light, etc. Oreen
Mae the yeer roand. Tbx Prairie Mini
*ar»dn»-- -in   fruit,   no   (our   month'e  enow.
Writ- 11 T Onodleod, Sfcj. Hoard of
trade, Ofeilliwirk, for all Information book
wm   mt,?,   tie.—THBN COM IS
IM
Don't Persecute
your Bowels
Cat oaa eaaSartka aad
TWaratawl
Bat Uaalacha aai UanaHaa. a
•mill PUI, Stull Dau, Smadl Priaa
'   Genuine -au Signature.
mmmmmm
HMM
Storyettes
DKOP mo a line!" yelled the oxour*
sionist, who hud fallen overboard.
"What's  tho    uaet"    ealmly
exclaimed the funny man uf the party.
"There's  no post office  where you  are
going."
"My dear .lenny," said nn ardent
swain to the village belle, " I have long
wished for this opportunity, but I hardly dare trust myself now to upOHk of
tne deep emotions of my palpitating
heart,
"1 deelare that*l love yon most, ten
derly. Vour smiles would shed--
woubl shed-  ■
"Never  mind  the worn!  shed!"  said
ffontlo Jano.    "Go on with that pretty
speech!"
"Uo you want choapor postage?"
"1 don't kflOW." replied the man
who considers only his own interests
"I don't write many letters myself
and 1 don't see why I should be eager
to make it easier for the men wli
send  me bills."
"How much ure those uhkhonsf'
asked the lady In the market
"1 sell thom at a dollar each," said
the market man.
" Do you raise them yourself?"
"Oh," yes. They were eighty five
cents yesterday."
They met in a bric-a-brac simp.
"Are yuu fond of jades/'1 qua. 1']
one uf the two.
"Well. I can't say I am," said tin
other. "I married' two, and, to tell
yon the truth, I dun't think they wear
well."
"Why do you always toll people t
give up tho things they most enjoy?"
"Because," replied the physician, "1
am pretty sure they won't do it. And
then if they don't recover they can't
blame me.1"
"I thought. Mrs, Meadowgrass was
n't. goin' to take summer boarders any
in ore f"
"Wa!, her daughter, Sally, married
one of the last year's bonrdcrs, un'
now the old lady has got ter take mure
to support him."
Mrs. Mrown-Tones—"Mrs. Smith is
opposing your nomination bitterly.
Can't you conciliate her in any wnyf"
Mrs. Smith—-"It is impossible
Twenty four years ago I said That her
baby was small  for its age."
M      * '    «
Hobby had worn his mother's pat
ience to the limit.
"You arc a perfect, little heathen!"
she remarked, giving way at last.
'' Do von mean it?'' dema iu'ed
Bobby.
"I du indeed," said his mother,
"Then say, Ma," said Hobby, "why
can't 1 keep thnt ton cents a wee.*
you gimme for the Sunday school ed
lection? 1 guess I'm as hard up as
any of the  rest of   'em.''
"Well, madam!"
"The allowance my husband ma.:es
me isn 't enough,''
"But, madam, we decided it was
ample for your support and Ihe support of the children."
"Ves. 1 know, judge, but I'll need
us much more for the support of the
nitonuibile."
A   lawyer   made  a   hard   light   for   a
dient  who  was charged  with  stealing
$16,50 from the cash drawer of a saloon
nd succeeded in having him acquitted,
"Now,"  he said, "how are you gong to  raise  some  money   for  me   for
etting yuu out  uf this?"
The defendant grinned  in the bland
manner of the innocent.
I've still got, that sixteen lifty,"
lie said:
iVou  infer pa] scoundrel," exclaim*
Mr.'Johnson, "I thought yuu were
Innocent.     Hand it right over."
"Talk 'bout railroads bein' a bless
n','"said Brother Dickey, '.'des look
it de loads an' loads er watermelons
ley haulin' out. de state-, ter dem folks
'way up north what never done nu-
thin' ter deserve sich a dispensation!"
'Trices iu this country are disproportionate," said the man who has all
kinds of trouble.
"What is your especial grievance?"
"Vou can send a letter for a two-
cent stamp, and it may cunt you $15,-
ii()0 or $20,000 to get it back."
The Very Rev. Arthur Perceval
Puroy-CuBt, D.D., Dean nf York, who
recently completed his sixtieth yoar in
the Church of Kngland, was ut one
time chaplain to Bishop Wilborforco,
and ho gives one very good instance of
the   Bishop's wit.
When Darwin's "Origin of Species"
wa" published, a. friend was discussing
it with thu Bishop.
"I don't really care whether my
grandfather was an ape or nut," the
friend observed rather heatedly. "It
doesn't mattor to me."
"No," roplied Dr. Wilberforce, "I
don't suppose it does; but it made a
lot ef difference to your grnndmotherl"
' Doctor FlubDubbe." said tho court
severely, "do you know that that bum
flute-player yon arc talking ubout play-
id three flies thnt were parading across
its music?"
"Art," said Dr. Dubbc, "is expression. The technique that can play a
common or house fly, that can translate form, even the form of a little fly,
nto tonal color to enthrall the^ ear, to
ntoxicato  the  senses    with     its  bra-
/ura "
•    •    #
A group of actors were sitting in tho
moke-room of a provincial hotel.
The littlo wnitrcss who brought their
Irinks was particularly pretty, and
.nine of the younger men chaffed her
a good deal about tho rosiness of her
■houks and the goldinoas of her hair,
■listing doubts on their being true to
latum.
"What is vour name?" one ot them
isked,
"Pearl," she replied, flushing a little.
"Pearl!" repeated the actor. "What
a pretty name. Are you the peurl of
great price?"
The waitress's temper was beginning
to  -dip its  mourings  by  this time.
"No," she replied tartly. "At pre
sent, I'm the pearl before swine!"
The young actor called un his best
gitl. He wat rather before his time,
so, us she hadn't quite completed her
toilet, she sent her little brother to entertain him in tlie drawing room.
"Would vou like some cjindv?" asked little Henry.
"I don't mind," said the young
man,
Heniv promptly produced a small
piece nf sticky candy, and the yonng
man, wishing to make friends with all
the members ot Ins ladylove's family,
ft nt it in his mouth.
Littlo lleurv wail-ne.i him earnestly
until the candy was swnllowed. Thnn
he asked: "Did you like that?"
"Oh, yes!" was the reply.
" Fldo didn't," Henry explained. "1
gave it to him first, bur he spat it out
twice."
Parmer [lodge was of the good, old
fashioned school, and he always gave a
feast to his hands at harvest time.
It was harvest time, nud the feast
was about to commence.
Oiles was the oldest hand, anil the
hostess, with beaming cordiality, motioned him tu the seat by hor right
hand. But Oiles remained silently tin-
respunsive.
"Come,'' said the hostess, '' dun't
be bashful, Mr. Oiles''—he was just
Giles on ordinary occasions—"you've a
right to the place of honor, you
know.''
Oiles deliberated    a     moment,    then
spoko.
"Thank you kindly, Mrs. Hodge.''
he said, "but if it's all the same to
vou. IM rather sit opposite this pud-
den'!"
A boy of nine, who had never pre
viously witnessed a collection in church,
was deeply interested, and, when the
bags were finally borne off by clergy
and choir iu procession, proclaimed in
a loud whisper of sympathetic excite
ment, "Now they're going to share it
ont!"
Mr. Phariis Urban wears teh cheeriest smile in London—and well he may!
His really beautiful colored cinematograph—or kinomacol or—pictures have
drawn large audiences from the beginning, but since he was honored by
tfjueen Alexandra with a ''command''
to go to Sandringham and let her see
the Ouronation pageants in all their
glories, the Hcaln Thent re has been
drawing nil London twice a day.
A rather nervous lady come up to
the box-office of the Scala one day.
"These kinemncolor pictures," she
said agitatedly, "are thev—er—some
of those other cincmatogrupb shows are
not quite—well—I mean, are these kine
rhocolor pictures quite suitable for the
young person, or are they- ?" An
expressive  pause.
"Madame," was fhe Bauve reply,
"they are kinininiaculate! "
llinkley had just run into and everlastingly smashed a wageu-load of eggs,
butter and other farm produce,
" I   am   awfully   sorry  about   this,''
id he. as he helped the farmer scrape
the   butter   and   eggs   off  his   clothes.
Now I am in a great hurry, and I'd
like to settle with you right here and
now. Will fifty dollars cover the damage f"
"I reckon it will," said the farmer,
is llinkley counted uut live crisp ten*
lollar bills and handed them over. Then
after a  moment's hesitation, lie added.
(lomln ' back this way f''
" Ves." said llinkley. '' Tnuiorrow
night."
'All right." said the farmer. "I'll
have another load ready lor ye un the
*nme terms."
A sight seeing visitor recently went
tboad a tramp steamer in the. harbor. Noting that the deckhands wore
Chinese, she approached one of them
and  said:
"You no speak  English?"
Tiie t .linaman looked bored and au
swered nothing.
The lady continued:
"Me go your country soon. Me
learn speak Chinese, tench little Chinese
boy and girl, Von savvy 'missionary'?"
The Chinaman looked at her a min
ute ami answerod:
"Madam, if you are not. more sue
cessfnl in mastering our language than
you appear to have been with your own
1 fear that your attempt to enlighten
our race will prove anything but sat)
factory.     Oood afternoon."
The Chinaman sought, tin; other side
of the ship and tho woman sought ob
livion. She had been addrossing a
Yale graduate who was working his
passage back to China.
In the absence of tbe regularly ap
pointed spokesman, Mr. Makinbrakes
had reluctantly consented to muke u
presentation speech:
'Miss Higham," he said, "unfortunately it is my—or—fortunate lot to
fulfill the embarrassing—the pleasant
duty of—of—inflicting a few remarks
upon this occasion—which is highly appreciated, I assure yon and by none
more so than myself for the reason
that—in short as I may sav it falls to
my lot to cmivey so to speak, the
iis'suranccs of—that is, with tho assurances of those to whom—to whom I
have occasion to refer to—more or less
in this connection, together with tho
best wishes, if I may so express my-
„!f. of those who have clubbed together—who havo associated themselves
—not that you need anything of the
kind, of course, but ob a token of—as
a token of--of—of—with which few
remarks,  Miss Higham,  it   is  my—my
THE KING OF CORN REMOVERS
Is Putnam's Painless Corn Extractor.
Porty years' success in many lands
proves" the superiority uf I'utuum's
rainless Corn Extractor over every oth
or remedy. Snfe, painless, prompt, Put
nam '> Painless ('urn Extractor abso
lutely curtain to remove corns. Sold
by  druggists,  price *J5  cents.
As a venrtllige there is nothing so
potent as Mother" Graves' Worm Exterminator, and it can hn givon to the
most delicate child without fenr of in-
jn*v tn the constitution.
pleasant surprise to hand you this gold
watch and chain.     I—1 thank you."
"You're rather a young man to be
left in charge of a drug shop," said tho
fussy old gentleman. "Have you any
diploma?"
"Why—er—no, sir," replied the
shopman; "but we have a preparation
of our own that's just ns good."
"You'll be a mnn like one of tm
some day," said the patronizing sportsman to a lad who was throwing his
line Into the same stream.
"Ves, sir," he answered, "1 s'pose I
wdl some day, but I b'lieve I'd rather
stay small aud ketch a few fish."
'' See hore, Kastus,'' said the new
arrival at the hotel, "do you mean to
tell me that this egg is fresh?"
"It was when hit was laid, sub," re
plied the wnitor,
"And whon wns that, pray?" de
manded the guest.
"Ah dunno, Bobs." replied liastus.
"Diss yere is mah first season at diss
yerc hotel, snh,"
"I don't' know about this picture,
Bobby, said the visitor, as he ran
over specimens of the youngster's cam
era work. "I am afraid a dog with a
propeller instead of a tail is something
of a fake."
"Thnt ain't a propeller." said Bobby. "That's his toil. He kept wag
gin' it while his picture was being
tookened."
Breathless they stood at last upon
the towering mountain-peak.
"There!'' she said, angrily. "Wi
havo climbed nil this distance to ad
rairo the beauties of Nature, and we
have left the glass at home."
Tranquilly smiling, he shifted the
lunch basket to the other arm.
'' Xever mind, denr," he said; "it
won't hurt us just this once to drink
mil of the bottle."
* » - *
He had the poet's instinct for leav
ing practical matters to others. But his
father -in law to be did uot know this,
" Look here, young follow," he said, "I
think it's about time the date of your
marriage with my daughter was fixed."
"Yes, perhaps," the young man agreed.
"But I am leaving that entirely to
Ermyntrudo." "Ah1 Is it to be a quiet
or a stylish wedding?" "I think, sir,"
answered the yo6ng mnn quietly, "I
can leave that safely in the hands of
Mrs. Bullion." "Yes; quite so!" nod
ded Mr. Bullion. "But a young fellow
generally Jias some idea with regard to
the expense—bridesmaids' gifts, you
know. And—by the way, what is your
income?" "Well, that, sir," said the
young man modestly, "1 am leaving en
tirely to you."
* >    t
"Stop!" cried the man in the mad
"You are exceeding the speed limit!'
"Thnt's all nonsense," rotortod
Binks, briuging his car to a stand-still
"That's what they all say," said the
man in the road, climbing into the car.
"You can toll your story to the magis
trate at Hinktown—jost seven miles up
the road.    Start along, please."
They drove on in silence tu Hinktown, where, as the car drew up in
front of the court house, the man in the
road got out,
"Much obliged for the lift," said
lie. '' You can settle that matter of
speed with tho magistrate if yuu want
to. As a stranger iu these here parts
T don't think my word would go for
much."
A wagon loaded with lamps collided
with a truck anil many of the globes
were smashed. Considerable sympathy
was felt for the driver as he ga^.ed
at the shattered fragments. A benevolent-looking old gentleman eyed him
compassionately.
"My poor man," he said, "1 suppose you will have to make good this
loss ont of your own pocket?"
"Yep," wns tho^nelancholy reply.
"Well, well," snid the philanthropic
old gentleman, "hold out your hat-
here's a quarter for you; and I dare say-
some of these other people will give you
a helping hand, ton."
The driver held out his hat and several persons hastened to ihop coins into
it. At last, when the contributions had
ceased, he emptied tlie contents of his
hat into his pocket. Then, pointing to
the retreating figure of the philanthropist who had stnrtod the collection, he
observed: "Say, mny be he a in't the
wise gov!   That's me boss!"
SOME UNKNOWN SALADS
Now we are being taught to reduce
the cost of living by eating the common weeds which grow in the backyard. And the idea is perfectly sane,
too. For it sooms natural that, the
plants which grow on good, clean soil
should be good for eating. So let us
peer info fence corners and in nil our
backyards for them, the food stuffs
that we lot go to waste for so long.
Take the common milkweed, for example. It is one of the most palatable
and nutritious of foods. So popular
has it become that in some parts of the
country it is now being cultivated, and
is said to grow to nn enormous size
from fertilizing, and the large leaves
are wonderfully lender, and it is one
of the easiest things in the world to
raise. Just plant the brown seods,
which arc familiar to everyone, in the
fall, and the plants will soon spring
up. When cooked, th6 milkweed is
much like the asparagus in flavor. It
should be cooked like asparagus, nnd
served with butter or cream sauce. It
should not be UBed after the middle of
Bickle's Anti-Consumptive Syrup is
the result of expert chemical experiments, undertaken to discover a preventive of inflammation of the lungs
and consumption, by destroying the
germs that develop these diseases and
fill the world with pitiable subjects
hopelesHsly stricken. The use uf this
syrup will provent the- dire consequences of neglected colds. A trial,
which costs only 2.1 cents, will convince
ren that this is correct.
•Tune, w it becomes too tough and is
uot so good in flavor. The cultivated
kind is used when the plant is about
a foot high. When cut the plant will
spring up again, and several crops may
be gathered from the same root.
For a salad, the tender tips of leaves
are used uncooked. The flavor is entirely new, but is a very welcome addition to the appetite, especially if
ono needs a little coaxing to eat.
One of the most delicious of salads
may be niado from the common dandelion which grows so luxuriously everywhere. Indeed, this weed-food has become so popular that farmers are beginning to cultivate it. for market. The
leaves should bo gathered vory young
for the snlad, and for a pretty garniBh,
nothing could be better than the young
blossoms, nulled to pieces and scattered over the salad. Tho chief reason
for using the blossoms is that thoro is
much more organic salts in thom than
in the foliage. Every physician will
tell you that the dandelion is full of
tonic salts, and is a natural liver modi-
cine.
As a vegetable, the plant may be
used whon tho leaves are quite large
and spreading. The root may also be
cooked, and the flowers. Tf the plant
is properly fertilized and grown in
gardens for kitchon use, like the milkweed, it grows much moro luxuriantly.
There is such an abundance of weeds
which could he used ns salads, it is almost impossible to name them all. Bo
you remember the sorrel, commonly
called "sour grass?" It is now usod
very extensively fur salads, nnd should
be mixed with other leaves, as it is
slightly too sour by itself, unloss the
vinegar is loft out uf the dressing.
And the yarrow is used as a wholesome salad plant. It should bo used
only in the early spring, howevor, as
the leaves become bitter as it matures.
It is well to mix the yarrow leaves
with somo other salad leaves, as they
are too strong by themselves.
And who would think that the red
clover which grows so abundantly all
over the farm could be used on the
table? The tendorcsl young leaves are
used und the new blossoms. The clover
is one of the most nitrogenous plants,
and nitrogen is oue of the moBt
strengthening elements, The leaves
should be thoroughly masticated, as
they nro quite peppery und burn the
thront nnd tongue after a number have
been eaten. Tn making the salad, the
clover blossoms arc pulled apart, nnd
only tho colored part usod, As you
would readily understand, the flavor of
the flnwers is most delicate.
Kveryonc is familiar with the common mallow, which grows so prufusoly
in every backyard. This woed is very
palatable as a salad, or can be used
cooked. Tt is much more satisfactory
as a salad, however, as it is almost
tasteless when cooked. The flavor of
the raw leaves is much like lettuce.
They arc tender and crisp, and arc full
of organic salts.
So common has tbe use nf the leek
become thnt one may sec it anywhere
in the markets. Tt is no longer termed
a weed, but is reckoned as a legitimate vegetable. It is usod much the
samo as onions or chives ir. giving
flavor to soups and salads. It can be
grown in tbe cellar or boxes all winter.
Both the leaves nnd bulb arc used.
To the poor, fur whom tho problem
of every-dny vegetables has become
such a serious reckoning, the knowledge of these new vegetables will
come as a godsend, and for those who
are not poor, it opens up a now vista,
and tho routine of the old vegetables
will be banished by the new ones
which mny be gathered anywhere. And
this is only a beginning, for scientists
nro ranking a wide research, and will
go on discovering new vegetables out
of weeds every year.
Tkelfoneftu
The live stock show, conducted on
correct principles, is of incalculable
benefit to the breeders, but unfortu
natelv it is not always possible to clim
inn to objoctionahle practices, forced
on the management by occasional ox
hi bi tors who are imbued, not with a
spirit of honest, competition, but too often a spirit of acquisitiveness, leading
them to do acts of gross injustice to
others; acts contrary to the rules of
the shows, or common honesty even, a
few of which I will mention as notorious and detrimental to the shows and
aggravating to other competitors—burrowing or pretend!ng to buy animaIs
to show as their own. This is too cum
mon a practice. Managers of shows
should conclude their entry list with a
solemn declaration that the animals en
tered are the property of the exhibitor,
and  have  bceun  for  four  weeks.    This
No une need endure fhe agony nl'
corns with Ftolloway's Com Cure at
hand  to remove them.
Useful Around the Farm
"Enclosed please And one dollar, for
which please semi mo two largo 50c.
bottles of Norviline. Tt is a remedy
that 1 do not care to be without.   It is
especially good around tho farm for
man or beast. The worst neuralgia it
cures at once, For a cold, sore throat
or chest affection, nothing is better
than  Norviline.
(Signed "Richard Hamlyu,
"French Blver, Ont."
Cot   Nerviliue  to-day.    Sold  by  nil
dealers, in 20c and 50o bottles.
would then bring them under the criminal code, uud liable for obtaining
money under false pretences or fur mailing a false declaration, if it cau be
proved  he was  not   tho actual owner.
This is practiced more commonly than
would be suspected, and by meu who
ought to be above such practices; and it
goes on year after your, simply because
no one cares to take any action in the
mattor, preferring to abuse the show,
and not only stay away but induce others to do so.
Prizes shuiild on no account be given
to unsound males or females of any
class, Most unsoundness is hereditary.
It is unfair to judges to expect them to
decide the question of soundness. They
should be protected by the veteriuar
iu it* who should either examine them
before thoy are judged or, at least, before thu awards are made. Iu the case
of stallions this is imperative, A shuw
committee in giving prizes to stallions
should make sure that they are not
defeating the object of tho show; the
encouragement of improvement, by re*
commending au unsound siro whose pro
mjnv will assuredly inherit the sire's
defects,
Some suppose that it is a hardship un
uu owner to have, to accept the deuision
of a veterinarian, and the reputation
and value uf liis hon-e may suitor. Very
good; but how many stallion owners
aro thore who do not know every defect of their horses? Let those men
show their horses with hontfsty of pur
pose, and nut resort to "tho tricks of
the trade" by trying to play on the
feelings uf a guod natured judge or
veterinarian. Until unsound sires ami
dams are debarred from prize taking,
harm instead uf good will accrue to
the live stuck of the district.
Buring judging, no ownor, his son, or
near male relative should bo allowed iu
the ring or kiosk where the judges rest
and discuss matters, and exhibitois
should be discouraged who waylay tho
judges outside the ring or at hotels aud
pour into their ears the good points uf
others in the same class, and the fact uf
the whole outside world agreeing un
this horse or thnt being a sure winner.
ICEBERGS
Among the perils and wonders of the
ocean thero are few moro interesting
things thnn icebergs, interesting not
only by reason of their gigantic size,
their fantastic shapes, their exceeding
beauty, but also for the manner whore
in they array themselves.
Icebergs exhibit a tendency tu form
both clusters nnd long lines, aud these
groupings mny arise from the effocts
both of ocean currents and of storms.
Some very singular lines of bergs, extending for many hundreds of miles
east of Newfoundland, have been shown
on official charts issued by the govern
ment. Two of these cross each other,
each keeping on its independent course
after the crussing. In several instances
parallel lines of bergs leave long spaces
uf clear water between thoin.
Curiously enough while enormous
fields of ieo Invade the sucalled
"steamer lunes" of the Atlantic at
the opening uf spring during certain
years, in other years at that soason
there is comparatively little ice to be
scon. The ice comes, of course, from
the edges of the Arctic regions, frum
the ice-bound coasts of Greenland and
Labrador, where huge bergs, broken
from the front of the glaciers at the
point where they reach the sea, start
on their long journeys toward the south,
driven by the great current thnt flows
from Baffin's Bay into the northern
Atlantic Ocean.
"Mr. CI flavor, how do you account
for the fact that 1 found a piece of
rubber tire in une of the sausages I
bought here last week?"
"My dear madam, that only goes to
show that the motor car is replacing the
hurse everywhere,"
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WINNIPEG, MAN.
107 THE  ISLANDER,  CUMBERLAND,  B.C.
|>1
How Animals are Taught
Their Tricks
The training of animals, to teach
them to perform all sorts of entertaining tricks, is a task that requires perhaps a special talent on tho part of the
traiuer, but ubove all demands patience
and a thoroughly methodical procedure.
Let us begin with the dog, and see how
ho Is taught his tricks. We commence
with tho simplest, and gradually work
up to tho most complex and apparently
impossible feats.
The first thing every dog must learn
is his name. Select a short, sharp
sounding name, and stick to it. Never
call him anything else. It' you have
several dogs, the name is taught on the
. samo principle. Divido their food, and
then, placing a piece ou the ground,
call each iu turn by his aame and give
him thu food whon he comes for it. Send
tlio others back if they como forward
out of their turn. By and by thoy will
learn that a certain name is always associated with a certain dog. Humble
among the dogs, and call out oue of
their names every now and thou. If tho
right dog comes to you, roward him with
a piece of cracker. Pay no attention
to the other dogs. Thoy will learn very
noon; and the first groat lesson—dependence aud obedience—will have
been learned.
Having taught a dog to fetch and
carry—which ho will easily learn—the
uoxt thing is to teach him to go and
get any object called for. Place a glove
on the floor; then say to tho dog,
"Fetch tho glove," putting tho neeent
ou the last word. Then, when he has
done this several times, place a shoe
on the floor; and teach him to fetch this
in a similar manner. Now place both
objects on the ground, and teach him to
fetch either one, as asked for—rewarding him when he brings you the right
oue, and rebuking him when he fetches
thu wrong, which you take from him
and replace. Tie will soon learn to distinguish the articles, when a third may
bo substituted, and so on until a number aro on the floor. You should then
go into tho next room, taking the dog
with you; and send him in to fetch any
article you mention. After a little time,
ho will bring you the right one ovory
time.
Next, teach him differences in color.
Placo a red object on the floor, and a
blue one beside it. Teach him to fetch
you the article called for as you did
before, being careful to reward him
every time he brings you tho right
handkerchief. Then put down a green
object, n purple, a yellow one, and so
on; until finally the needed array of
colors can bo placed for selection.
Next, he should be taught the articles
of furniture—table, chair, etc. He must
fo to each one as you call out its name.
'inally, combine some of the previous
commands: "Place tbe glove on the
chair;'' "Get the handkerchief, and
place it on the table," etc. At first
this should be said very slowly, and
only half the command repeated at
ouce; but the halves of the sentence
may be gradually blended together, until! you can say it as yuu would to any
individual; nnd the dog will obey your
command.
To a certain extent, also, dogs may be
taught the letters of the alphabet, the
numbers of spots on cards, large domi
noes, etc. The method of training
them is simply one of constant repetition. Cards bearing the letter or number are placed in front of tho dog, and
the letter or number is called out aloud,
and at the some time the dug is shown
which one it is. After several trials,
he will select this one and disregard
tho others, when it is callod for. This
once learned, tho next letter in taught
in like manner, until a large number
are recognized by the dog, and ho is
;tble to pick out any of them at will.
Plants are also to be selected in a similar manner, from a row placed on the
table, and so forth.
It must be admitted, however, that
most feats of this character, as per
formed in publie, ure the result, of some
trick, rather than any marvelous!}* elaborate training on tho part of the dog,
which would be necessary if theso feats
were genuine—grunting them to be jms-
sible at all. As a matter of fact, most
of these apparently marvelous fonts arc
based on a vory few cues, given to the
dog at the appropriate time, to which
ho has been taught to respond in a
simple manner. A few examples will
make this clear.
Many of these feats are performed
by means of a cue word, in just the
same kind of way ns " mind-readers"
entertain and puzzle their audience. As
soon as this word is given, it may be in
the course of a sentence, the dog knows
that, he is to porform a certain action.
It is not necessary for him to understand the whole of the sentence; only
one word in it. As soon as that word
is caught, the action is performed. Kach
action corresponds to a certain cue
word. Again, thore is the method of
training by tho two of the eyes. The
dog watches his master's eyes, and
when his master glances in any direction—at a card, for example—the dog
can follow his glance, and pick out
the card in turn. Or the dog may be
told to bark a certain number, in which
ease the dog watches his master's face
closely, Jiml simply barks until the oyes,
or some movement, tell him to stop. He
does not havo to know that he barks
nine times. All he has to know is thnt
he must go on barking until he is told
to stop by his master's signal; and the
trainer is the one who does all the
counting.
There nre certain stage tricks which
depend very largely upon tho dog's
memory, however—such as picking up a
numbered card, nnd the like. Tho cards
are arranged in a row, and the trainer
stands in front of tho row in which
the card rests. A string is attached to
the dog's neck. First, tho dog is trained to go to the row of cards nearest
the trainer; then, if he is inclined to
pick up one too near, a slight pull on
the string is given, pulling the dog up
to the required number. Tho trainer
stands at a certain distance from the
table in those tricks; if close to the
table, the dog knows it means card one;
if farther away, card two, and if still
further, card three. By care in training, the dog can be taught to pick out
any required card, without in any way
knowing the number written upon it.
When the dog bas been taught to pick
up uny card by means of this code, tho
trainer muy appear to make it far moro
complicated by causing the dog to add,
subtract, multiply, divide, ote. All that
is necessary, of courso, is that the por-
formor himself should do tho stun, mentally note the position of tho card giving the answer, and indicate this card
to the dog by means of somo hidden
code.
In tho same way, horses can bo made
to stamp out uny desired number, toll
the date of a coin, etc., by simply going
on pawing the ground until the'trainor
gives them thu signal to stop by means
of some secret sign, unnoticed by the
audience.
As to tho animals which perform in
the circus, the elephant is among tho
most popular, aud It seems wonderful
that so unwieldy an animal can be mado
fo perform nny tricks at all. How set
about training an animal of this kindf
What is the first thing to be donof And
howf
In compelling tho elephant to perform, advantage is taken of the fact
that the foot of the, animal aro peculiarly sensitive and he droads injury
to thom. Many of his tricks are based
upon this principle. Thus, he is mado
to placo ono font upon a low pedestal;
then tho other foot is tapped gently,
and ho raises this and places it beside
tho other—to get it out of harm's way.
Tho hind feet nro treated similarly, in
turn—the front foot boing hit every
timo they are placed on the ground. In
this way all four feet aro finally placed
upon tho tub. The trick of inducing nn
elephant to partake of a meal is vory
simple. Animals will naturally cat anything plneed before them, and it is only necessary to open a bottle of "pop"
once or twice, and present it by hand,
when the animal may be trusted to
find out for hitnsolf how to got at its
contents. In all such cases, tho essence
of the training consists in infinite patience, kindness, and constant repetition—showing the animal over and over
again how a thing is done—in precisely
the same wav—and then forcing him to
do it himself.
Lions and tigers aro always dangerous creatures to work with, and one can
never be sure of them, oven when traiu-
ed. "No wild animal," says Mr. Bos
took, "is over tamed, only trained, and
the best training in the world is no
thing when once the animal feels inclined to give way tu his natural savage
instincts."
"In time," continues Mr. Bostoek,
"the trained animal becomes so accustomed to performing that, when ho sees
the paraphernalia of his performance he
knowH exactly what is expected of him
and does it naturally and readily. The
successful performance of all trained
animals depends un this almost instinctive following of long-accustomed habit,
together with the pleasure the exercise
gives to animals habitually confined iu
small cages.   .   .    .
"Leopards, panthers, and jaguars are
all trained in much the same manner.
Mme. Morel li puts them through a
courso of training very similar to that
givon the lion. They are taught to respect and look for the trainer, and have
instilled into them as much awe as is
ovor bind in any nnimal—which is not
saying a great deal. . . . Homo animals train easily; others learn their lessons with great diffidence und somo reluctance. What one Hon may learn in a
week another may learn in a month;
what une tiger may do in two lessons
may take another one several mouths
to  imitate  feebly."
Goats are very sure-footed animals,
and learn to perform many tricks requiring that qualify—such as standing
on tho end of a bamboo pole. Tho Hindus teach goats to do this. Hogs mny
be taught a number of clever tricks, nnd
are far more intelligent than is generally imagined. Monkeys are known to be
capable of boing trained to a remarkable degree, the foats of "Poter" and
'Consul" being well known to the
American public They are good Imitators, and excessively curious, and it is
this faculty, nnd their ingenuity in satisfying this curiosity, which hns utnus-
eu many an audience; nnd has given
rise to the popular notion that monkeys aro far moro intelligent than they
really are. As a matter of fact, although a few of them are highly trained nnd intelligent, this is not tho general rule.
A few birds may be trained to perform simple tricks, but not many. " Fortune tellers" employ tame birds to help
thom in their trade." A number of small
paper envelopes are seen, iu a row. one
of which contains your "fortune" in
the shape of a slip of paper, felling
vou certain platitudes about yourself.
The bird picks this envelope nut with
his bill, from nmong others. How is it
he selects this particular otiot Home of
the envelopes have seeds glued to Iheir
back covers, and the bird naturally
picks out one which has the seed attached—passing over the others tu get
to  it.
SWITZERLAND'S NATAL DAY
On the first of August every year the
Swiss celebrate thoir national t'eto day.
The dav is to thom what July 4th is to
the United States and July 14th to
France; it is the day when they recall
tho victory of three small states against
the House of Hapshurg. The struggle
with the Austrians, of course, went on
for centuries, and was tempored with
phases of friendship, but the year 1291,
which is the subject of veneration on
the national fete day, was the beginning of Swiss indopendoncc. A correspondent describes the character of the
celebration with emphasis laid on tho
delicacy and reticence of the rejoicings.
Thero was nothing official; there were
no public banquets; no striking parades;
uo fuss, noise, or boasting. And yot the
patriotism of tho Swiss is one of the
most effective patriotisms in Kurope.
The Swiss serves his country as a sol--
dier with morn cheerfulness and more
ntelligciice than any citizen in Kurope,
but ho doos not keep his patriotism up
to the mark with nny of tho Dutch
courage of  vninglorious  rhetoric.
The Swiss did not imitate thoir glorified militia from some other country.
They invented it for themselves. The
whole heart of tho country is put into
it. Many of its superior officers mny
be hotel-keepers in Lucerne, Qenova, or
Balo, but the problems of war are the
roereatiou of their leisure. Hide-shout
ing is tho hobby and pastime of tho
whole youth of the country, and when
a young man has served his time in tho
elite of the army ho receives his rifle
as a present from tho state, is proud
of it and tukos as much care of it as
a sportsman iu Kngland takes care of
his gun. Not long ago tho Swiss wore
asked by means of u poll of the people
whether thoy wero willing to accept a
bill which laid un thom a loager period
of service und the burden of more military expenditure. By a groat majority
thoy answered "Yos." Tho result of a
poll of the people is frequently a negative. Hero, if over, ono would huve expected a negative.
The correspondent says that it is the
"freedom from otTicial organization
which gives such a personal character
to the festivities of August 1." In town
and village nothing happens till the
evening. At eight o'clock tho bells in
evory belfry in tho laud are set ringing,
and at dark bonfires aro lit upon the
hills and young ami old sing, "(> Mnnts
Independants," which goes to our tune
of "(lod Save the King." The corres
pondent quotes M. Philippe Mounter,
the Swiss novelist, who died a fow
weeks ago, as writing of this simple
cclebral inn uf bells aud bonfires: "It
is spontaneous liko a scrap of happi
ness which has its birth one evening iu
a family. Us only origin is the unpremeditated harmony of heart and
spirit,"    Again Mourner says:
"Ono must not always say *Tatrio,
patrie.' It is a profanation. Tho feeling for ono's country is an exceedingly
delicate fooling, which has its shyness
and its reserve, its silences and its exquisite discretion. It bolongs to the
ineffable. A divino emotion, a movement of worship, it is in the depths of
the heart, ia the secret places of the
conscience. With us it is something
beyond expression and incapable of being formulated. When an orator apes
trophi/es it in the tribune decorated
with a flag the imago of it takes flight
in terror, for it is nervous of fine language. But when a tiny peoplo gathers
by itself on the slopes of a field, when
it listens in silence to the deop voice
nf the bells, when it watches the splendid flames rising in the night and spontaneously, without wishing, without
knowing, begins of its own accord, in
spite of the airs it hardly graspB, in
spite of the words it baroly understands, to sing with all its heart and
voice, then tho mystery, sheltering close
in tho folds of tho suul—the fugitive
image—finds its home and sometimes
consents to stay."
SOME FOOD FAKES
It is astonishing how often it is that
une hears of strange and secret pro-
messes through what is virtually the
agarics of that blind goddess, Chance,
An instance of this occurred in France
recently, when a workman brought an
action against his employer tu recover
damages for a linger that had been
mutilated in one of the machines. Then
in tho examination that followed the,
fact came out that the factory in question was engaged in the manufacture
of artificial snails. It appears that the
shells are bought by tho firm in question from the dustmen and rag-pickers,
and, after being cleaned, aro filled with
"lights" or cat's meat, the soft flesh
being cut into corkscrew form to fit
the shell by a skilfully designed machine. The top is then sealed with li
quid fat, ami tlm escargut is ready for
the consumer, The artificial snails
have a ready sale in Paris and other
French towns, and are presumably sold
us the genuine article. Oue wonders
what the opinion of many epicures of
this delicacy is now that they have discovered the method by which their
favorite dish is sometimes manufactured.
A somewhat similar accident revealed a fairly common method, among
somo merchants, of faking ordinary
oranges to look like blood oranges when
the latter are considerably dearer than
the former. Somo timo ago a Ht. Petersburg woman bought from a fruit dealer
a dozen '' blood'' oranges. She gave
one to her daughter, who had scarcely
put the first piece Into her mouth when
she suddenly felt a sharp pain in her
thront, and began to spit, blood. A
pnysiciaii found that the pain and
[deeding were bro ugh on by a fragment
of a needle that whs sticking in the
mucous membrane of the throat. This
fragment, ou extraction, proved to be
the point of a hypodermic syringe, in
which were found traces of aniline
color. The orange merchant was inter
Kigaed on the matter, and admitted
that he had faked the oranges by injecting a solution of aniline red and
saccharine into the pulp through the
skin by means of a hypodermic syringe.
Caterpillars are one of the greatest
sources of annoyance to gardeners, botll
GLIMPSES OF NORWAY
What more poetic than'the approach
to Christiania on a tine morning—tbe
sunlit waters of tbe beautiful fjord,
where island after islaad reveals its
variously woodod shores to tho delighted eye] the wide amphitheatre of mountains eneircliug the town from cast to
west? And yet, on landing, how can
oue avoid a feeling of reluetunt disillusionment as one drives through
street uftor stroet of plain drab or yellowish houses and shops, comfortable
but commonplace, or squalid ami tumble-down, without a hint of picturesque
form or vivid coloring to redoent their
sordid poverty. It is hardly an exag-
gcratinu to say that uo single public
building possesses any outward value
from au architectural point of view.
University, museums, churches, all aro
alike plain and uninteresting in style,
whether they come before us in the
crude modernity of red and yellow
brick, or tho respectable middle age of
smoke-stained stono and plaster. All
the aceessurios of uptodute business requirements arc found iu perfection;
electric trams, taxi-cabs, telephones,
telegraph and pustal arrangements;
though the streets, with tho exception
of the principal thoroughfare, are
roughly puvod with "sotts" or blocks
of stone, over which rattle a succession
uf primitively shaped open carts drawn
by odd-lookinr dun horses scarcely larger than stout ponies.
But—significant fact—wherever trees
can grow or grass and flowers flourish
thehere have beon planted avenues,
groves, small privato gardens, carefully
tended pnrks. Iu Carl .Tokausgade,
tho Itegont Street of Christiania, a band
plays evory day in the universal lunch-
hour, and all turn out to stroll or sit undor the trees and enjoy tho respite
from work. The confectioners' shops
— easily recognized by tho gilt kringle,
or double ring shaped biscuit, that
hangs over the doors—are filled with a
guy crowd of students, professors,
school children, and citizens of every
grade, who gather there every day at
about one o'clock to drink milk and
chocolate, and eat buns aud cakes of
evory shape and flavor. Norway, no
loss than Scotland, merits the title of
Laud of Cakes, It is not uncommon
to see at any ordinary meal three or
four varieties of broad in as many
similes of brownuess, sweet cakes of
different kinds, and biscuits plain aud
spiced, thick and thin, in abundance.
There is something very pleasant in this
hour of social intercourse in the middle of the day's work; every ono knows
everybody else, and the air resounds
with cheery greetings; yot there is no
undue lingering over the impromptu
meal, and men, women aad children
soon hurry away for another hour or
two's work in office, shop, or schoolroom.
It is not so eusy at first to realize
that une is amongst a strange people.
The language, to an ear ignorant of
Norwegian, strongly resembles Welsh,
with its rising and falling inflections;
most of ihe faces might find their
counterparts in Hcotland and Wales,
even in some districts of Kngland. True,
if one looks a second time at a golden-
haired, pink cheeked girl one becomes
aware that the hair shines more bright
ly, the rosy coloring has a more bri!
linnt glow, than is generally the case
with our blonde types; but one comes
across many Norwegians whose dark
eyes and hair of pale or sallow complexions would lie equally appropriate
in members of any of tbe Celtic races.
So with costume. Men and women
appear habitually in the conventional
garb of Civilized society, with a tendency to follow Knglisii and Parisian
fashions. Very rarely one meets a
woman in the dress of one of the northern provinces; sometimes a little girl
is seen in complete peasant outfit, but
rather through some fancy uf her parents than because it is the costume
natural to her; and of the many small
school children, with their reindeer-skin
satchels, who throng the trams nnd
pavements, only the gaily striped stockings of most, and the embroidered bon
nets or quaint peasant caps of a few,
remind one that these familiar-looking
boys nnd girls are little Scandinavians
after all.
Norwegian common sense displays itself in many ways, and sometimes its
almost grandmotherly precautions provoke a smile. At one hotel, where
comfort and quiet are paramount, a
notice is posted conspicuously in every
bedroom desiring the guests to abstain
from talking or wulkiug in the corridors after 10 p.m., nnd should any of
them be prevented from retiring thus
early, directing that their belated foot
itepS should be muffled by the wearing
if felt soled shoes!
Even  in  ecclesiastical  matters  some
ery practical directions are in force;
in  the ease of a  wedding, both of the
ont raiding parties must produce certificates of birth, baptism, confirmation
are being carried out with the craft
to secure some really valuable data
concerning the practicability of electricity as a propelling force for vessels
are boing closely followed, and will eon
stitute valuable material for discussion
by the learned societies when the time
conies to communicate the results of the
investigations. Tbe preliminary trials,
however, have served to support the
theories advanced by many enterprising
spirits who havo strenuously advocated
this system of propulsion. Thut it ...
no passing fancy is borne out by the
fact that iu Oermany and the United
States larger vessels are iu course of
construction for propulsiou by the
same agency, though the !uo„hods of
generating nnd applying tbo onorgy dif
fer in detail. It is claimed that by
means of such a system certain much-
desired results impossible to be obtained with tho bost tpyes of steam engines
can be secured with the highest ofll
ciency. For instance, tho steam tur-
bino is irreversible, aud the poind
motor requires u special attachment for
achieving this end, whereas with the
electric system the propeller can be
switched ovor from full speed ahead
to full speed astern iu a mattor of
seconds without changing the direction
of tho rotation of thu power-generator.
It is stated, also, that electric propulsiou is more economical than any othor
system of driving a vessel, and certain
ly the results *,> far achieved appear
tu bear Out turn contention. On trial
the new boat attained a speed of nearly
eight and a half miles per hour. The
present trend of thought in marine engineering is towards the evolution of
an electric system capable of fulfilling
the difficult requirements of ship propulsion, and the Clyde will occupy another niche in history as having produced the first electrically driven vessel, as it did the first steamship.
WOOD-EATERS
Wood in a certain form is a common
and constant article of food iu all sections of Siberia where the Yakut Uvea.
North of Verchoyausk, except in a
fow sheltered valleys, thero is little
food, aside from that afforded by fifth,
than that furnished by the larch. Tho
natives eat it, however, because they
like it. Even in sections where fish
mny be had, wood usually forms part
of the native's evening meal, as tho
many cleanly stripped larch logs near
every hut testify.
The natives strip off the thick layers
mmediately under the bark of u larch
log, and, chopping it flue, mix it with
snow. It is then boiled in a kottlc.
Sometimes a bit of fish roe is added,
and, in the southern sections, cow's
milk or butter.
professional and amateur, and to those I and vaccination, before tho eeremonv
who sutler from the OVOl-energetic at ' w^m^m -
tortious Of those energetic creatines
the following is recommended: If your
garden is infested by caterpillars just
catch a few of them and food them on
some lettuce that lias been soaking iu
water for four days. After thev have
eaten their fill of the lettuce tarn the
caterpillars loose again, and they will
soon do the rest, Entomologists have
recently discovered that the consumption of watered lettuce leaves induces
a violent and fatal attack of cholera
amongst caterpillars. One caterpillar
so infected quickly spreads the disease
amongst his fellows, and so quickly rid
the garden or orchard of the pest that
has so long beon the despair of farmers
and the like. A caterpillar suffering
from the caterpillar cholera soon stops
outing. Tt becomes weak, and has no
Inclination to move; usually crawling
up the trunk of a tree, fence, wall, or
other vertical surface, where it remains
without motion, lu a few hours there
drops from its mouth a blackish liquid;
the caterpillar becames more and more
flaccid, one leg after another loses its
Support, and finally the creature, reduced to a black skin, hangs dead, still
holding on with ono or two of its false
feet. Thore is no danger of caterpillar
eholeru spreading to human beings or
animals. It is a variety of disease
quite distinct in its way, and only if
fect'miis as regards caterpillars.
An American senator, iu a recent address said of a Bill he disliked:
"It seems to offer you some redress
and satisfaction; but consider it closely,
and you 'II find that it gives you nothing
at all. It is like tho remark of the
waitress iu tho cheap boarding-house.
utt be pcrformod! This restriction
may be modified where one uf the two
is n foreigner.
To pass from civic affairs to the ens
touts of private life. Many pleasant
thoughts which remain understood In
Knglish homes are expressed in Nor
weginn ones.
All the homely relationships and
little festival* of daily life are beautified by a touch of true sentiment main
testing itself in so mun.v quaint and
thoughtful ways: (lowers or a book or
some pretty trifle given to celebrate a
pleasant visit or expedition, chocolates
and other delicacies provided for
friends start intr on a journey, the kindly speech or well turned verses thnt add
a charm to domestic anniversaries—all
setting forth that spirit of true neigh
burliness which exemplifies the best
form of democracy.
THE   FIRST  ELECTRICALLY  PROPELLED 8HIP
For some years past electricity ns u
method of propelling vessels hns exercised a strange fascination. Two energetic Glasgow electrical enginoers,
who had elaborated a system for achieving this ideal, ordered a vessel fifty
feet, in length and certified to carry
fifty pnssengors, tn which they hnve
installed thoir plant, It comprises a
six-cylinder petrol engine developing
forty fivo brake-horse power, which
drives an alternating current dynamo,
while tho propeller is coupled to nn alternating current motor, the whole being controlled by switch gear either
from the bridge or the engine-room.
The vessel, with its novel machinery,
possesses many points of interest for
the engineer, and the experiments that
tf IN A BALLOON
Drs. Steyror and Fleming, who mado
a prolonged ascent in the balloon Ber
Hn, conducted a series of experiments
nt great altitudes, with speeinl refer
enee to the physiological effects of ex
posure to intense cold and tu hot sun
rays in extremely rarefied air.
Both professors wero equippod with
oxygen masks. At/a height of 10,500
feet they wore obliged to inhale oxy
geu at intervals of from one to two
minutes; otherwise they suffered from
headache, heart pulpitations, and defective respiration. As they reached
greater heights these symptoms increased, and oxygen had to be more frequently inhaled. At a height of be
tween 25,000 nnd 27,000 feet Fleming
fainted on removing tho mask for an
instant.
The effect of strong sunshine, intense
cold, and insufficiency of air, gave the
face a terrifying aspect, but the aeronauts felt apathy rather than any severe pains. Another effect was a fool-
ing of cramp in the muscles.
The sun's rays acting in the rarefied
air produced a swelling and reddening
of the skin, accompanied by fever, and
these symptoms reached their height
forty-eight  hours after the descent.
Among the experiments made wns a
test for the presence of micro-organ
isms. Three tests, the highest made at
I'p.Utm feet, showed microorganisms in
the small proportion of from 0.2 to 0.5
a liter (1.76 pints) of air. The fourth
test was made at an elevation of nearly
27,000 feet, and revealed no germs.
A NEW PROFESSION
The popularity of tbe kineinatogrnph
ami the demand for a high standard of
perfection in regard to the subjects on
the part of the public have led to the
creation of a new profession, or rather
the extension of the field of operations
of <»nu already in existence. This is
the picture playwright. The leading
manufacturing firms have created this
new profession owing to the exhaustion
of their sources of ideas, and in order
to secure, if possible, something new,
That it is a profession not to bo des
pisod is home out hy the fact thai
many of the leading dramatists now de
vote Iheir energies seriously to the ela
duration of scenarios for picture plays,
and many names intimately associated
with the legitimate theatre are Identified with tho new movement. At
first sight it may seem an easy matter
tu prepare such a scenario, hut as a
matter of fact it is quite as difficult
to elaborate a strong dramatic picture-
play as it is to write a curtain raiser
which will grip the public. Many of
the largest producing firms retain a
special staff to consider these sconnrius,
and the possibility of success may bo
gauged from tbe fact that only about
two por cent, of the scenarios and sag
gestions submitted are found to be ac
ceptable. Hn many rules hnve to Im
borne in mind thnt n successful picture
dramatist, is as rare as a poet. Terse
ness, action, ingenuity of plot, nnd slm
plieity are indispensable. It must be
remembered that there is no dialogue
to assist the public in following the
story. Everything is in pantomime,
and words must be represented by action. Then, again, action must follow
action continuously, and it is u^l ZZMJ
to condense a throe-act play lasting
two hours or so iu a theatre into a thou-
sand feet or so of film to be reeled off
in ten minutes. But apart from the
purely dramatic, tboie is a donmnd for
genuine cornedv, not knockabout ftb-
surdity, and for trick pictures with a
distinct element of novelty. Tho bitter are more elusive than the kine
drama, as a little experience will soon
prove to tho tyro. The moving-picture
manufacturer, however, liko the oditor
diligently searches through the chaff in
the hope that be may alight upon an
unknown , genius, fhe remuneration
varies according to the value of the ac
cepted scenario and tbe degree of novelty it contains, one manuscript for a
picturo lasting thirty minutes bringing
its lucky author a cheque fur thirty
pounds. The average payment ranges
botweeu one and ten guineas. The former is not a .princely sum, but invariably represents the true value of the
contribution. The new profession is
one into which only those who have a
natural bent for it should outer, for the
material has to fit a peculiar mould.
INTERESTING ITEMS
It remained for a Turk, wandering
far frum hit* native land, tn find the
largost crystal of beryl (aquamarine)
ever discovered, a long distance inland
in Brazil, It was dug out at a sbal
low depth, transported by -cuuoo to the
coast, und finally sold at Huh in, bringing tlie finder, it is said, JJUJfl.OOO. According to estimates this crystal would
furnish fully 11,000,060 carats of aquamarines of various sizes.
Southern France produces and ships
annually cut flowers to the value of
nearly $8,000,(100, A quarter of u century ago Alphouse Karr at Ht. Ilaphael
gave the industry ut impetus which
has grown lo its present proportions.
Kvory night in winter a special train,
known as tho cut flower limited, leaves
Toulon for Paris, loaded with fragrant
blossoms.
stenography was known as far back
as the time of the Creeks iu Kgypt, is
the conclusion reached by Professor
Fried rich Presiglce of the University of
Strassburg. He believes that the
Crooks learned thu art from tho Kgypt-
iaus, and bases his belief on papyri
dated A.I). 155, in which claim is made
that a system of shorthand is used.
At the recent annual festival of the
London Cregorian Choral Association
fifty combined church choirs sang music
from the Knglish service books of tbo
eighth to the fourteenth centuries ut
St.  Paul's Cathedral.
SPIDERS AS SPINNERS
Spiders as an nid to nstrenomy are
recognizeil to such an extent that certain species arc cultivated solely for
the flue threads they weave. No substitute for tho spider's thread bas yet
been found for disocting the screw of
tho micrometer used for determining
the positions and motions of the stars.
Not only because of the remarkable
fineness of the threads are they valuable, but bocauso of their durable qualities. The t. n reads of certain spiders
raised for astronomical purposes withstand changes in temperature, so that
often in measuring sun spots they are
uninjured when the heat is so great
thut the lenses of tho micrometer eyepieces are cracked. Theso spider lines
aro only one-fifth to one seventh of a
thousandth of an inch in diameter, compared with which the threads of the
silkworm are large and clumsy.
MORE ABOUT MONA LISA
The fantastic romances woven by
Parisian journalists about the disappearance of Leonardo da Vinci's masterpiece from the Louvre are not to be
taken seriously. To mention two or
three out of a dozen such theories, it
has been said that tho beautiful picture has been stolen by a blue eyed
dreamer who had fallen mystically in
love with Mima Lisa; tbat a French
newspaper which a year ago declared
that tbe painting had been stolen has
now had it stolen to prove its statement; that the whole thing is a hoax,
perpetrated to show how easy it would
be to rob tho Louvre; tbat the theft
was engineered by an American collector who would have a beautiful copy
made, and iu due time return this to the
Louvre, preserving the original for his
own private art worship. Such prepos
tenuis theories have been based partly
on tbe idea that no professional thief
would dare to steal an object of immense value which he could not possibly
soil. The answer to this is tbat such
a thief, or baud of thieves, might be
liovo that if the picture was hidden for
two or three voars, the French authorities, having given up all hope of recovering the picture directly, might be
induced to pay a largo sum io a roundabout way fur its return. Another argument to show that an ordinary thief
could not easily hnve taken the picture
is that it was painted, not on canvas,
which could be rolled up, but on a large
wooden panel which could be carried
off only with difficulty. The enormous
halls and workrooms of the Louvre aro
being searched iu every nook anil corner with the hope that whoever took the
picture from the wall may have hidden
if. somewhere iu the palace. The mas
torpioee known to English-speaking pee
pie as "Moon Lisa," but more properly
named "La .loconde," was one of the
three or four supreme art treasures of
the Louvre. Turning to money valua
tiou merely as a rough indication of
intrinsic value, tt has beeu pointed out
that art dealers have ranked it in
value ii i ' (| only to the Slsttuc Ma
donna, and that it is said that au of-'
fer of a million . oilars for the painting
was once .'efused hy the French govern
ment. It must tie remembered that Leo
aardu's "Last Supper" iu Milan, al
though still Wonderful and beautiful,
is in a dilapidated condition, and that
therefore the " Motia Lisa" is the finest
extant example of one of the greatest,
masters of Italian art. The story of
its disappearance has not only interest
od art lovers all over the world, but has
hail a special interest fur thi! many
thousands of American tourists who
have gazed upon that famous '{Inscrutable smile." The stories about the subject of" the portrait, and the unending
discussion as to the character shown
by the face and the meaning of tho
smile, have, apart from the painting's
undoubted value as a work of art, made
it a subject of universal discussion. The
accepted version is that Mon a was the
wife of Francesco del Oioconda, that
Leonardo painted on the picture at intervals for four years, that these sittings were brief because he could paint
only whne Mona smiled, ami that it
was his custom to have beautiful music
played near by to bring the amile to
Mo'na's face. Kven then the painter
always regarded tbe picture as un fin ish
ed. As to the art value, we may quote
Dr. Wilhelm Lubke's opinion tbat although "in some respects it has been
severely critioized, it ie sure to captivate the beholder by the charming
grace of the conception, aa also by tbe
sweetness of its almost seductive
smile."
107 THE tSt.AS'r»l!R, CtJJlBKRLANb, B.C
LOOK OUT!
FOR AD IN THIS
SPACE
NEXTWEEK
t!
r.
»
eharlieSingehong
DEALER  IN
Silkwear of all kinds, Dry
Goods, Groceries.Hardware.
BEST   QUALITY AT  CHEAPEST  PRICES
10 per cent, off for first ten days.
tmrnam
THH
People's
TEA
is sold by
McPhee &
Morrison
 GENERAL    MERelWNTS sT~^     ^a-
Courtenay      tS.-c.
at 40c
This TEA is a Special
Blend and well worthy
of a 'trial, so do not fail
to TRY IT.
mmm
flCSffS .' W^WiS^-
NOTICE
Having snlrl my hicyele business,
all accounts ilut* must be paid to mc.
Those having accounts will mmli'i
same to me,
E C. Emde.
"PUBLIC INQUIRIES ACT."
HIS HONOUR tbe Lieuteuint-Goe-
(looi io Oooooil n«i been pleased
lo appoint Ibe Honourable Albert Ed
ward MePnillipps, K.O., President of
Mm liMBtite Council; tbe Hoooat-
able Piloe Ellison, HlniMer ol Fioao-
m; Cbarlss Hear; Lagrio.ol ibe City
ot Victoria, Eiqoire; lod Willliam
Harold Malkln.ollbe Oily ol Vaneou
fer, Eiqnire; to be Commissioners
under the "Publio Inquiries Aol', lor
lb* parpoit ol enquiring into end reporting upon tbe operation of tbe "As
aeaimenl Aet, 1903," with reipeot lo
IM praotical bearing! on tbe financial
requirements nl tbe Profiooe,
Tbe eaid Commis< oners will bold
Ibelr meeting! on Ibe datei and at
Ihe plaoea mentioned hereunder,
namely:—
Vieloria at tbe Eiecutiee Oouool)
Chamber, Parliament Building!, Mod-
day aod Tuesday, 26tu and 26th Sep.
tember at 10 a. m. At Ibe Court
Home or tbe Government Office at
tbe following places:—
Nanaimo, Wedneiday and Tbunday
87tb and 28th Wepienber.
Vancouver, Frldny  and  Saturday,
29th and 3Uth September.
New Wfstn.inaier, Monday 2nd Oei,
Uevelstose, Wedneiday, 4h Oct.
Uolden, Tbunday 6th October.
Cranbrook, Saturday, 7tt.October.
Fernie, Monday, 9i.h Octub'r.
Nelion, Wedoeadsy, ll'l October.
Rm.el.ind, Tlinrada), 12ih 0 luh. r.
Grand Forke,Friday, 13tn October.
Princeton, Satnrilay, 14th October.
Herritt, Monday, 16th October.
Kami'ops, Tuesday, 17tli Or., ber.
Huinu ulau , 11 uim' ,,  111     0.'
Pn.tiotou, Friday, SlOlb October
Keli-wr.a, Saturday, 21st October.
Veruou, Monday, 23rd Ootoher.
Il ii requeued tbat all perione who
are intereited in tbe mat er aforesaid
arr* wh»' *.ilre to b»> br.rd, wii nn,
I il t    r.  , neit    t '.he nil-, luge ,
tlieCon.mieiiiinere,
PBIPE ElXIfON
Chairman,
Trsasury Department,
ISth September, 1911.
at-pftl o
QUATHIASKI   COVE,
SEALEED TENOK11S, superscribed
"Tendar for Look-up, Quathtaaki
Cuve," will be received by the Hum.ra-
ble the Miniater of Public Worka up tu
12 o'clock ti,wu ofThuraday, Ihe SO.h
.lay of October, Wil f. r tbe erectiui.
nd completion uf live num, teowli
Lock-up at Qua' hiaaki C. ve, VaMea la
■••laat. iu the Cuniux ElMitoral Dial no ,
B. C.
Plana, specitlcatiiins, cn'rmot, an.
...ma ■ ' tetidet may he aeen r.n a* d i»f.
ter the 12th day of Oon.ber, 1911, at th,
'.it.vuriitiieiit Agenta' o&Les, Oan be land
and Nanaimu, the Couaiable in charge
juiithiaski Core, and ibebepaitUMUt ul
i'ublic W„rks, P<rii intent Building!,
Victoria.
Eich propoaal must be accmpanied h>
ui accepted bank c.eque ur certifi a'e
of deposit uu a chartered bank of Can*,
la, made payable tu the Honorable tlie
vliniater ul Public Woks, for the aum il
.<if>0, which ahall be forfeited if the par
y tendering deciiue to enter into outran
»heu called upon to du an, or if he fail
co complete* the wurk contracted for,
The ohiq ea ur certificates of d. poaitif
inauccesatul tenderers will be returne
t.eui ui '.in vx>riiiiiu ■ f ll.oC' i
tract.
Ttiiiders will not be oonaidered unlets
uade out on the forma supplied, eigntd
vitti the actual aignature of the tender
er, aud eiuluaed in the euvelopea furniab
•d.
The lowest or any tender not necessarily acdpied.
J. E. GRIFFITH,
Public Worka Eiiginter.
Llepirttiient   f Public Wo k»,
Victoria, B. C , October 9:h, 1911
ocl4 oc28
laYWaBD LAND DI6TE10T. ]
Diitrlolol Cortes bland.
Take notioe tbat I, Alfred Oan-
tanebe of Vancouver, B.C. ocaupation
plasterer, intends to apply (or permission to purohaie Ihe following des-
cribed lands:—Commencing al a peel
planted about 20 chains ni rtb of Ibe
soutb-west corner ol T. L. I719J,
tbence well 80 obaini, tbenos north
80 eheini, thence eait 80 chains,
tbence south 80chains.
AlFRBD CaUTAHOHI,
Earl Clint), Ageot,
Dated July 7th, 1911.
SAYWARD  LAND   DISTRICT.
Dietriet ol Cortes Island.
Take notice that I, William J. .Ell.
lot! ol Vancouver, oooupatlon earpen
ter, intend! to apply for psr mission to
pnrebase the following dtsciibed
lands :—Cnmmenoing al a poet plant,
cd about ooa hall mile in soutb-weti-
•r y direolion Irom Oarrlogson Bay,
north-west corner ol T. L. 40897,
thet oe sooth 70 obains, thenoe tail 80
chains, thence north ahoui 60 obaini,
to thore line, thenoe following shore
inei round to plaoe of eommeoer.
ment.
William J. Elliott.
Earl Cliue, Agent,
Dated July 16to, 1911.
SAYWARD  LAND DISTRICT.
Diitriot of Corlea Island,
Take notice that Earl Cline, ol Van
comer, B. C. occupation, photographer, intenda to apply for permis-ion to
purchase the following described
lauds:— Commencing at a post
planleri 20 chains north nf Ihe south
west comer ol T. L. 27195, tbence
south 80 chains, r hence weal 80 ohalu,
tbence north 80 chaina, thenoe east 80
obains.
Earl Clini.
Dated July 7lh, 1911.
Visiting cards at the Islnnrler of
I flee,
(J..NUE  I.AIH'N li* RESERVE.
N ■! ion ia hereby giv n • hat the reserv,
ex a i }ib) return uf he htitiou p h i« . fl
in iho Bniiali Columbia G.izetto of til.
27th D.c iiirur 11)07. ooverii ua oarc^l I
I i
i.    i. S    44(>ia
which Irna lapsed, is canonileil.   and the
lulduiglli "!>   ilie   14t..  Duuijiiibei   I91J.
ROBERT  A.   REN WICK.
Deputy Minister ot Land.
Department of Landa, Victoria, B. 0.
Spr.t»n,h..r 12th  mil
wumO' uec«o
HEADQUARTERS FQli
Furniture
Wallpaper
Crockery
Etc., etc
f5 A nice line of Iron Bedstead;
Mf $4. - $40.
"T m just  arrived
T. E. BATE.
BUY A 81
The   BEST  Machine   on  the   Market
and sold on EASY TERMS   	
JEPSON BROS., District Agents, Nanaimo, B. 0.
C. Seyrave, Local Representative, Cumberland, 11. C.
Capital $6,200,000
Reserve 87,000,000
THE ROYAL BANK
OF eftNADft
Drafts Issued In any currency, payable all over tho world
SPECIAL ATTENTION paid to SAVINGS ACCOUNTS, nnd Interest at
hlaThest ourrent rates allowed on deposits of $1 and upwards
CUMBERLAND, B.C., Bmijoli -   —   -     OPEN DAILY
UNION WHARF, B.C., Sub Bmiich-OPEN THURSDAYS
D. M. Morrison,  Manager
COURTENAY, B. C. BRANCH OPEN DAILY
Wm. H.HolT,   Manager.
IF YOU WANT A FIRST CLASS PIANO
AT A MODERATE PRICE
f Buy a STANLEY
%    These Pianos give satisfaction in tone and touch and are built to
0 last a lifetime.
We carry the Victor Gramophone & Victrolas,
and Victor Records.     Cull and hear thu latest novelty,
The Victor Puzzle Record Price $1.00
a eeooeds h::n~ ouste e
.. DUNSMORE'S MUSIC STORE ..
Ohurch St.. NANAIMO, B. 0. Opposite Bank of Commerce.
Pall
(Slothes
Nut in many yi'Hra havo wt> sh wn auch
urimy aasurtmeiil of F.ill 8uiiiii|(a, in-
eluding all the lie* color ,ff„ora in iho
plain and fsnoy Chtvi.,t>, Worsteds
Sontci. ai,d lrlahTaiid", Blue mid Blnck
<eri(. s, Caasimcri'8 and Dlagniiul.a,Nearly
400 iU"<gna to sol.Tt flora    OiiDo in nml
mafuii low.    This is thu time tu limke
.'li'diuii.
'EClU.vRANTKE a   PIB-
FECI J IT OR REFUND
YOUR MONEY
ONION BAY CO-OPERATIVE
C0"?ANY
le Affflitf,'or the   PmiftR f FIobH'rlin
Housror
H08BERLIIJ
'avsMraV^

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