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The Islander Jan 28, 1911

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 Dress Goods, Flan-
ets, Blankets,
Underwear, Blouses Reduced
at
CAMPBELL  BROS.
i
I
YV
HE  ISLANDER
! /' <«S J   Li
Clearance Sale of
... Winter Goods
al
CAMPBELL    BROS.
No. 35
THE ISLANDER, CUMBERLAND, B.C., SATURDAY, JANUARY 28, 1911
mn ran
will WRm
THE GOVERNMENT
Citizens    Demand    a
Square Deal for the
Mayor-Elect
A special meeting of the' Cltinnt
League wu held un Wednesday evening
when Mayor elect Bate was present, and
after arqusinliug the meeting with tha
contents ol a telegram from Mr. Hansen staling that Ihe (luvemment would
take no action to pass remedial legislation to remove the technical objection to
him taking the oath of office, placed hia
resignation it) the hands oi the meeting.
After considerable discussion it was un
animously resolved to request Mr. Bate
to withhold his resignation for snothei
•eek or ten days, during which time the
League would pri pare a petition to the
Government urging them to take steps to
make Mr. Bate's election valid.
Mr. Bate seceded to the resolution
and the petition has been since circulated
and numerously signed by members of
both parties in the late municipal election.
A committee from the League consisting of Messrs Smithe, Harrison, Ramsay
and Wier was appointed to confer with a
committee uf Mr. MauDi-nald'e supporters to endeavur to obtain the co-operation of that party in trying to have the
p.opte's choicefm M»yor confirmed in
< ttice.
If the petition is unsuccessful, Mr.
Bale will place his resignation in the
hands if the Council as soon as the Gov
ernment's answer to the petition is
msde known, and another candidate
from the League chosen to contest for
tha Mayor's chair.
Subscription price |1.M per yaw
BURNS'
Interesting     Evening
Spent on Birthday
of Poet
Cumberland Scuts did themselves
prtmd on Wednesday evening in commemorating the Immortal Biird, The
guests sat down to a Imuntiful spread
about nine o'clock. Mr. K. Dallos
catered to the bent of hia ability which
wu up to Ihe top notch. Mr John
MrKinnell acted aa chairman, nnd being under the doctor'" cure did exctell-
ently for a sick man. After supper
eame the famous Scotch Haggis which
was saluted with Burns' address to a
haggis, rendered by Mr. Miller. Mr.
John Wilson opened the programme
with the poet's song on himself:—
"There was a lad born in Kyle," which
was well received. "The Canadian
Colleries Co." was proposed in toast,
and Mr. Stewart, replied in a few well
choaen words on behalf of the ci unpen v.
'■The Lend of our Adoption, Canada"
waa the next on the list and was replied to by Jno. Thompson who spoke
in glowing terms of the land of the
maple leaf. The next was the recitation of "Tam, 0' Shanter" by, (if 1
mistake not) Mr Grant. Numerous
other songs and reading of the poet
were given, when The Toast of the
evening; "Rabhie Burns" was propos
ed the company rose and sang a fitting song, and drsnk to the memory of
the Immortal Burns. Mr, Colin Campbell of Courtenay rose to r.'ply nnd
an excellent speech on Scotland's darling. Mr. Campbell who was in fine
form waxed eloquent, and payed tribute after tribute to the poet and hi*
works. After saying he found it iin
possible to find a word of praise in
the English hYnguag" thai hod not aire 'lv lieen laid at the feet of Burns
hy one m " "r another, he naked to
draw a save over the I if-- of the poet
which was lohism ml ndisgruceto Set-
land, to allow its greatest genius to
die almost in starvation, lie compared the poet with tho. best in the
world and after showing how, for art
and imagination moat of them surpass
ed Burns, yet he was unequaled for
his love ol nature Here was his strong
point. Only Wm. Wordsworth came
in any way close to the Scotisb Bard
in his love of all things great and small.
He asked in closing that the company
rise and Jlrink the toast again as they
will do a thousand years hence, when
Andrew Carnegie and his millions will
be forgotten end Harry Lauder's songs
will be no more. Mr. Campbells was
interupted with applause time after
time and the crowd rose with enthus-
iam. Mr. McLean terminated the
programme by singing "The Star of
Babbie Burns.,'
The hall waa then cleared and dancing
lasted well beyond the early hours of
the following morning.
LOCAL MAIL SERVICE.
In effect Oct. 3rd.
Arrival
Tuesday morning
Wednesday afternoon
Friday afternoon
Saturday night overland
Sunday, about 9.80 s. m.
Departure
Tuesday—6.15 a. m.
Thursday—6.15 a. m.
Saturday—6.15 a. in
Sunday, 1 p. m. sharp
Watch for our stock taking sale
beginning tha lit. of Fab. Every
Department having ipeoial bargains. J.N. McLeod.
LOST—On Sunday last, a Pearl
Crescent Brooch. Finder plesse return
to The Big Store.
HOUSE HERE
Ottawa    Government
Has No Plums for
This  City
There was a good attendance at the
egular meet ins; of the Development Lea.
gue nn Monday ni.ht.
' A renly to a communication sent to
he Hmi. Wm. Patterson, minister of
Customs, re the establishment of a Customs otfloe in the city, waa resd. The
.■.blister thought that the needs of the
city in this respect should be very well
tilled by the Custom House at Union Bay
and the department could aee no reason
for taking any action. There were many
cities larger then Cumberland that wen
with out Customs Offices, and he could
hold out no hope of one being established
here. The fact that there waa suitable
accomodation for such an office did not
enter into the case very largely.
A copy of this letter waa sent to the
central branch of the League, asking
them to take the matter up, as the reply
of the minister of Customs wu entirely
unsatisfactory.
The secretary was instructed to write
he minister nf Customs asking that tha
Inspector of Customs for the Province be
sent to Cumberland to investigate conditions.
A communication was read from Pre-
ident Coburn of the central organiiation
asking if the new mail service waa preferable to a tri weekly overland mail, for
which the L ague had been working. The
secretary was instructed to interview the
postmaster and frame his reply aoeording
iy.
A proposal from tha Oitiian'a Lesgue
to amalgamate with that body wsa received and laid on the table, and the secret
■■> > inatruced t write >he Nanaimo Les
gue to, learn the basis of a similar amsl-
limitation iii that city.
The secretary wss instructed to write
Mr Mans n M. P. P. re proposed road
to D.-ve Creek.
The election "f officers was deferred
until sf' rthe qucs'ion f amalgamation
with he C> isen's Loogu.- had heeu dealt
with.
The meeting then adjourned.
PEOPLE'STOHES
NOT CONSIDERED
Government    Refuses
Enabling Bill For
Mr. Bate
The Government has refused to take
act!, n and pass an Enabling Bill eon-
firming Mayor-elect Bate in hia seat.
This news wu received by wire from
Mr. Msnson M P.P. on Tuesday night
and came u a great surprise to Mr. Bate's
supporters who bsd bun led to believe
by Mr. Manson, Premier Mc Bride and
other members of the Legislature that
aush an ut would be passed.
The general feeling in the city, net
only amongat thoas who worked for Mr
Bstes' election, but also amongst the fair
minded members of the opposing forces,
is that the governments stand is a regrettable one and an effort will yet be
made to Induce them to reconsider their
attitude in the matter.
Ssrvlces In the Roman Catholic Church
•ill be held every other Sunday In Cumberland.   Rev. H. Martens, psstor.
Mr. Fred Jepson of Nanaimo, wu in
town this week on a business visit.
Mayor-elect Bate will journey to the
capital tomorrow in an endeavor to
straighten out the Msyoraly election
muddle.
Do your own shopping. See McKin
nell for Choice Fruits, Confectionery
and Ice Cream. j25
Blind Pig: Discov-
ered by Constable
Stevenson
Just Raided After Knife Play and Operator
of the Dive Is Found Ouilty
At half put two o'clock ou Moti-
lay morning, Constable Stevenson of
this city was notified that a row was
in progress down camp andhastily repaired to the scene of ihe disturbance.
It appears that a young man, well
known about town had got into an al-
tercatiou with a number of Italians,
when one of them drew a knife and
took after him. The young man led
an interesting procession down the
street closely followed by four Italians
with drawn knives.
Being closely pursued the young
fellow took refuge in a house where
he hid beneath one of the beds and he
escaped the notice of his pursuers and
later made bis escape.
Constable Stevenson arriving upon
the scene and suspecting the nature of
the premises wisely decided not lo
make a frontal attack and through
a crack got a view of the interior
where he saw gambling and drinking
in progress.
On entering the building the eon-
stable found the front part of the building know u the hall quite empty bat
in the back room he could bear the
gsme in progress.
Upon demanding admission, the
Italians finding who their caller was,
made a hasty exit with the exception
of the operator, Douiinio Rosso and
another Italian who was drunk spun
the Door.
Upon the table Constable Stevenson
found an abundance of p ring cards
chips and a silver dollar weich wu being received in payment for the drinks
when the constable  made his appear
ance.   	
Being accused of conducting s gambling den Rosso iudignanatly denied
the accusation and when it was pointed out by the constable that there wan
money on the table Kosso declared thut
it wm in payinout fur beer, and gave
tlie constable a signed atatiueo t to that
effect.
Making a thorough examination of
the premises the constable discovered
aa immense quantity of bottles both
empty and full iu the room, and in a
cellar underneath lie found a quantity
uf beer both iu barrels aud in bottles
u weU u a quantity of other liquors.
Constable Stevenson who has had
experience in many parte of the Province with dives of this character, describes the conditions u the moat filthy
he has ever witnessed aud almost beyond belief. Particulars would not
make pleasant reading.
Iu court ou Tuesday night Rosso
pleaded guilty to a charge of selling
liquor witli out a license and was fined filUO or iu default 6 mouth in
jalL.
Tha exhibits on the Judges' table include a pile of chips a foot a half high,
twenty dozen picks of cards, a b, ei
pump and a number uf marines, do ti
and alive.
Russo is an old man and a paralytic, bad it not been for ibis fact the
punishment meted out would probably
hnv  been even more severe.
The stabbing case and that of conducting a gambling hell were not pressed probably fur the same reason.
Union Bay.
Mm M. fraser of White Hone T.T. is
visiting her brother J, A Fraser of the
Nelson House.
The following boats bunkered at Union
Bay hut week, B.M.8. Makura, Oceana,
Quito, Titianio, also the usual Misquitu
lest called this week for ecaL
A smoker wu held la Humphreys hall
lut Friday night and a very good pro
gram wu rendered consisting uf songs,
recitations aud instrumental music and
ssvsial comic stunts were pulled off, The
boxing oontest in the barrels between
young Dinkyduodle and Kid Dingheiasr
wu a roaring go, also the Rooster light
wu a howler, but the cracker uting eon
test but tham all, the affair wu a grand
success, there wu plenty of smoke and
Iota of good sandwiches and coffee. Mr
Ju. McNeil wu a very efficient chair
man fur Ihe evening.
A basket ball team from Cumberland
will journey to Union Bay Friday the
87th. to try conclusions with the II B.A
0. turn. After the game the U. B. A.and
8. club are giving a dance, a splendid
time Is looked forward to.
The flirle basket ball club is progress,
ing very favorably and some very good
players should be developed from the two
teams.
A light fall of snow Wednesday morning arrived at Union Bay on time.
Mr. Morris of the real estate firm ot
E. W. Barrett and Co. of Vancouver
arrived in town laat week and left on
S.S. Cuwlchan Sunday for Comox.
Have you signed the petition ? If not, show your appreciation of a square deal by
doing so now.
Mr. Leu Piket, Secretary of the Fire
men's Masquerade Ball Committee, hae
a list of masquerade costumes in hia
possession from which snyone wishing tu
order suits for the Mssquerade Ball may
do so at any time. As it is a cue ol
"first oome, first served," it would be
wise to order early. Below ia a list of
costumes available and the prices:
QKNTLEMKN'S LIST.
Scotch dresses f 5.00
16th century costumes    4.00
Black dominoes     1.00
Clown suits     1.00
Spanish costumes     3.50
Mexican    3.50
Pages    2.50
American Private    3.50
Admiral    4.00
Indian    3.50
Irishman ,     2.6(1
Sailor    3.00
White Hussars    8 50
Colonial Soldier     3.50
Pierotts     1.00
English hunting dress    3.50
Shepherd     2.00
Buster Brown    3,00
Devil    3.50
LADIES' LIST.
Folly    1.00
Butterfly    5,00
Spanish (Jipsy     7.00
Gipsy     3,00
Spanish Lady    3.00
Cheyenne     2.00
Mexican    8.00
Peasant     1,50
Milk Maid 75
Shepherdess     2,50
Dawn    2 00
Trilhy     2.50
Topsy 76
Red Riding Hood 7j
Keep this list.
Don't forget the Pythian Sister Dance
on St Valentine's night. It will be
something uut of the ordinary, and the
beat yet.
TWO OOOD
The Steamer Cottage City, running
from Seattle to 8ksgway went ashore
Thursday evening, four miles south of
Campbell River. The crew and fifty pu
sengers were all rescued,
Lyceum Players Live
up to their Reputations
The Lyceum players performed be
fore fair audiences on Mondsy snd Tuss
day nights of this week.
Signer R manilli proved popular with
his hearers, his skill with tha harp nol
having been over rated. Ha also accom
paniad Mr. Bruce Gordon, whose sing,
ing wu excellent. He sang old favor,
ites entirely and responded to numerous
sneorss.
Mr. Wslter McRaye wu in his ususl
good form telling stnriss, reciting aud
acting in skits with Miss Violst Hunt to
the delectation of all present.
This is the third of   Walker-Lyceum
course which the Ladies of the Mscca
bess have brought here and the general
opinion seeraa tu lie that they are all tou
good to be missed.
To-day is the beginning uf the Ohinsae
New Year, the celebration of which
lasts fur a whole week, during which
time the almond eyed citizens uf the
Flowery Kingdom will wage s relentless
ear agiinat the numerous devils and
evil spirits who havo asstil.nl them dm
tint the past year. If the Ohhiesi
would regsil the evil spiriti with the
Chinese whisky sml cigars with which
ihey refresh themselves and thoir friends,
it is probable tlmt those devils would be
punished aurse than they are st present
by the din of a firecracker bombardment.
THE SPOILS
Defendant    Provoked
at Paying Co>tg
of Court'-,',"",
'    •   Ml' ,C
J. Cohen, manager of the TaUrnao-
ional Salvage Co. who has been doing
a rushing business in town daring tha
put week appeared ia court en fri-
ay evening < laat was*, ebargad
with violating the dosing Bylaw, which
provides that on other shea Beterdey
lights sill me.cheatt;prea>iaM aaat*'
lose at 6 p ,n>.   ".'
Mr Cohen was not aware of this (act
nnd when he continued to do baadaeat
after the prohibited hoar, the law die*.
cended upon him and be was bails
ed before the Cadi, to answer la lb*
charge. •■■■•,•
In view of the fact that Mr Cabs*
wu not violating the laws of Ihe ally
knowingly, the magistrate metrly ate-
«essed him the costs of tha Mitt, as-
mounting to $8, sad (be rlQiliM
left the court a wiser, but BOM the
leu a very provoked man. "■•
Mr. Cohen later called at this etata
o express an opinion of the way jast-
ice wu dispensed in this city.
He thought that having paid *|lt0
license to do business in tha tUf ha
should have bean warped of the pra-
aence of such a bylaw	
What annoyed Mr Cohea meat bear-
ever wu the fact that Us f&QO 'seat
divided before his vary eyu satoraMt
those entitled to the costs of the aettaaV
nnd Mr. Cohens anger rose as hieakad
reverted to "the division of tha epttJW
Mr Cohen stated that he would aat
have minded if the fine had gone ta
swell tha revenue at the city, bat ta
go into the pockets of—bat we will
not quote further from hia statsueals.
The defendant evidently forgot the*
in all such actions the costs of the eoart
must be paid, and it wu really vary
fortunate that he did not hare to ooa-
tribute toward the city treasury ia
addition.
The first part of Mr. Coheae com-
plaint however seems to be a reasonable
one, and he should in justice hare beta
warned of the closing bylaw.
Visiting cards at tha Islander el
ice.
Job work I   Yon eaa get what yea
want when yea want it at Taa bfaaMtV,
phone 80.
a ■"'       •
THE MUSINGS OF  THE  MID
NIGHT  PHILOSOPHER
Calumny ia predomiaetiag altogether hi
polities these days. It is used to-day ha
stud of the mediaeval poison oad dsgg
er to the same end. It It the pebble ef
the youthful and unsueesssfal Deviate,
and it is often assd by the faaetleel assassin, whoae moral courage ie net sett.
oient to us* mtthodt thaw would he sUie-
ful to the eter. . .
If some of the petty poUtiekuat. ef today lived in their proper ptfM they
would have died iu the auediuve! Betted
or stone ege. Their aetfc is eeaiae ia
the extreme. Their idee ef aaotel rights
justies, sportsmanship aad tea 'ally tt
about u bread u the business taiga ef a
rear.
I omitted to rasniioa that tha report I
made of a visit to the eta ef Jeha Dtp
of Sandwick, that I woke ep relieved ta
find it wu "But aa Idle Dreasa" aad
that my worthy friend ef the bailees
and anvil wu ttill "goopUag" it as aa-
harmed u ever. '
The other night I we*t down teen
with the intention of taking la (hat Hag
git Festival, but when I saw. the Udtte
there I concluded It wu not a fit
for Rabbie Buna, end went hoeM.
The roof of the Big Store ;-wu tear
tiderable damaged by the awev tWe
week. THE ISLANJJER. CUMKEMiAND. B.C.
Mary Jemison, White Squaw
The  Wonderful  Frontior  Romance  of The Little Irish Girl Who Waa
Adopted by the Indians
m
I'M IK  Iii
■       ago.
lino ft it century nud h half
-Iti u hit ml de sml cabin a
man/is discussing with his wife
she possibilities of better luck in the
New World'. Everything around them
is eloquent of extreme poverty. It is
Hdt alone th.nl tile luxuries of life aro
ibseut/ l»ut ihe dweller's in this bumble
home Would* appMr-tu bo lacking also niostjoj? its u6,eeB8,nries, A goat lire,
tragwutJtauLuof uleagro utility, glows
tt oufl jaf^OTTlia' I'rumpe.U interior.
MjjW.'fcU**. niglit tlie ' debate con-
•»>iue>,,<jirj/Jri!f)ume(^ ut .the' frugal break-
fasi,'ii>iragged fcrftb whenever tha husband W&pi (uHfcroatklpg spell in the
lelds. jiftt^irtL, the decision in roached;
the die is erUt) tfio'firBt act of a gru.0-
torso tragedy of the American frontier
is placed .vylifii' the husband and wile,
their saapty.pqrtable belongings lu their
bomb, the clnltlrvii' cliugTug tu their
mi,ilnT'\s klurts, tile out of the lowly
lubm  and' turn  Iheir  faces toward  the
vest.
The epilogue of the drama was pre-
««jnii{il when, it few weokB ago, there was
am cited; at Portage, New York, a
biou/.e statue in memory of Mary Jemi-
(won,;( known to. tho Seneca Ludlans an
t)e aa wa-.mis.
\\*ig:(vniir .'fudvamp-tiro liave vanished
iVuviyf.! Tlie war hatchet has long been
eii,i:ttii.l, forever, and the pjuoa of peace
gui.inW" dust in museum cabinets. Of
tlie' reunion who mice peopled mountain
Mid .valley in, tlie eastern half of the
Dnit'ed States uwLy the place names they
gave berslBt. The Indian ia as little of
SffiAwty to most of us ns the Oarthagin-
ta-u. nosx which Hannibal' led against
Ri*fSh\.;Uut somehow the story of Mary
iwri^an makes her for the moment
•KM'iii very close to us after all.
' ft*fe in J74U or 174;'. that Thomas
fau.tj^oii yielded to the WUlSpers of hope
that. ihbNe.w World offered better for-
t*nne than he could ever hope to win
f»fi';(.l*t\fover.-tili;ed lieldH of Ireland. After IWjUg conferences with his wife, who
bel iiii; maVriace had been .lane Krwin,
he dWded to take tlie plunge, and when
the good shop William and Mary sailed
for Philadelphia the Jemison family
sVu'stituted uu important part of her
' Mhbc>V'ger-liat—assuming, of course, that
they had passenger-lists in those days)
There' were five Jemisona who sailed
from the old country for tho new. These
were, in addition to Thomas and .lane,
two sons and a' daughter, all born in
Ireland. There were six who landed lu
Philadelphia when at last the long uud
...tndjuUB passage lay behind the William
* ' and 'Mary. Somewhere ont on the Atlantic the cry of a newly-born baby
.bjijl, limited on the breeze, and Mary
•,i..,i.,',ti was tho member of tho family
*"Wi» waa getting most of the mother's
■ i■-#t;i ..in.11   tyuuii   the ship came in  sight
»  if Philadelphia's houses.
f.';.: Thomas.'Jemison took up a claim be-
,'i.T(ld.ef March Creek on the Pennsylvania
'it fonitier, where be'labored   with    true
'   frtsh industry.ami persistence and pros*
pyc-d accordingly.   Two mere sous were
. bofn to him.   .With the help of other
•settlers he erected a Comfortable house,
"•'.-. aiiih/>he outlook seemed bright Until in
+-.   J7'»r nu  Indian outbreak began to give
•til* of tho pioneers cause for concern.
■ ."    Active   hostilities   were   waged,   how-
svefc, iit  a  distance  from  the Jemison
slaim until I.7u5j wkeu'n party consisting of six Indians ami four Frenchmen
"juiprised this little outpost of the white
'  race  end took  all  the  family  prisoners
except   two  of , the   sons,  Thomas  und
folio, who succeeded iu escaoing.
The events Immediately following her
- •   eaptivlty   remained   vivid   memories   to
.,    Mary Jemison  until   the   day   of   her
death.    Por two 'lays the prisoners were
man hod   through   the   wilderness.     On
their  rear hung a savage with a whip.
; , who scourged the little ones when fatigue caused'lagging feet.   The line was
bruj'ght   up by  an   Indian  whose  duty
tt was lo obliterate the trail by re-dor
ing the grass and twigs tho party dis
tu'rbed. t
On tho second night Mary, a girl of
thirteen years us nearly as site could
reckon  it,  was taken ahead  of the  rest
■irf the family by n delegation of the
red men. She never saw her father,
mi<i her, brothers and sister again, but
lea rued that soon after she hint set forth
, they were1 slain and Bealpod and their
bodies brutally mangled. She described
the SCflUfl whi-h met her eyes on the
•veiling following this separation, when
the   Indian* to whose charge she  had
been    given    had    been   •joined    bv    the
others.
'•When'the Indians had linished their
"Hipper; t   she sail, "they   took    from
llieir   baggage   a   utimln r  of  scalps  and
went about preparing them for tho mar
knl.'mr to keep without spoiling, by
straining them over Bmull hoops which
Ihey prepared for the purpose, ami then
frying and scraping them by tin'  Are.
Theso sciupfl i  knew at tie' ti  musl
have been taken from our family by
the color ot the hair. My mother's hair
wns re.i, and I could easily distinguish
mv father's and the children's from
each  other.'' •
After the sculps had 1 n thoroughly
fried and cleaned, the Indians cnronilly
-combed out tho tangled locks, braided
them, Sttcl [minted the under surface and
fHge of the sculps red. Later the girl
•jaw them dangling in savage triumph
from the end of a pole ns the party
made iii way along a watercourse to
tribal headquarters,
Til is was the Sbc-nan-zlo, an Indian
village on the Ohio River. Mary's cup
tsrs, it turned out, were Shawnees. Ah
soon as she arrived there she was given
iato the custody of two BqunwB, who
tsnk oir her old clothing, which wiih
torn to tatters by the rough journey
through the wilderness, threw it into
Hie rjvor, bathed her and dressed her
throughout in the costume of an Indian
girl. It now began to dawn upon the
girl that perhaps her life waa to be
•THired, and such proved to bo the euse.
Il whs .1 custom of this and other tribes
■ tn recompense a family for tho loss of
mi** of its members by a substitute, and
Wary was fpb"'ted as a substitute for
'    *^p 'jlfM,or °t  ''1C  'wo 3"ounK squaws
W/,t«r i]{|Wnv«ht> ha^rl been given, ho having
<$&<#rj$\\m in the eampniguB In which
Q>orgfl  Washington  had  ligured  iluring
'the previous year.
There followed an ancient tribal cere*
MOny, beginning with violent demonstra-
rtions of grief-ior the Iohh of the brother
md concluding with almost equally vio-
eut demoUBtratlons of jey over the ae
piisition of the young girl to take his
jluce. This having been concluded,
\lury Jemison took her place iu the uf
(airs of the Indian village us freely us
.hough she had beeu born among hoi
topper hued captors.
J he two squaws who had accepted net
is a sister treated her with us much
.etideruesb ami consideration us true sis
eis could have displayed, To the end
if her life Mury Jemison'fl recollections
jf I hem were must agreeable. She found
hem kind ami good uaturud, peaceable
.11 their relations with ouo another and
til ot their little world, temperate in
'heir habits, ami of good morals.
They left undone nothing which would
•erve to make the new member of the
tribe contented with her lot, aud pre
Bontly she began to find a certain fas
cination in Ihe life the Indians led. Her
labors were light, such as the nursing
of young children and care of the wigwam. She quickly gained a speaking
knowledge or the Shawnee tongue, dis
covering that, her adopted Bisters, in
their desire that she should forget she
was born with a white skin, objected to
hearing her use English, She kept up
the practise, however, then and through
out of life, of employing English when
by herself, as well as with those who
knew it. whenever she could meet them,
tho result being that sac never lost her
use of it, ami. strange to say, retained
to the end of her days tho Irish brogue
to  which  she was  born.
In tho second year of her residence
in this Indian community Mary Jeini
son, or De he-wn-miti, us she had been
christened anew by her captors—the
meaning of the name being compliment
ary to her fair skin aud pleasing features—a party of Delewares joined the
Shawnees, Due day the white girl's
adopted issters told her she was to go
to the wigwam of She-in-jee, one of the
Delawares, and become his wife.
This programme was not ut all pleas
ing to Mary Jemison, who was htill less
than fifteen years old, but there was no
appeal from the decision, ho with stricl
observance of savage customs sho lie
came the bride of the Delaware, The
matcli turned out most happily. She
not only endured her savage husband,
but learned to love him; llieir associa
tion together remained a bright, spot
in tier memory.
"She-in-jee was a noble man," she
said, "large in stature, elegant in his
appearance, generous in his conduct.
courteous in war, a friend to peace and
a lover of justice. He supported a de
gree of dignity far above his rank, and
merited and received the confidence and
friendship of all tiio tribes with whom
he waa acquainted. His good-nature,
generosity, tenderness ami friendship to
ward me soon gained my affection, and.
strange as it may seem, I loved him.
To me he was ever kind in sickness, and
always treated me with gentleness; in
fact, ho was an agreeable husband am1
comfortable companion. We lived hap
pily together till tho time of our final
separation."
Than that wdiat more could a woman
say of a civilized husband, and of man;
how much less if truth ordered hei
words? To this noble savage the giri
boro a daughter in the spring follow
ing h«T marriage, but tlie child live
only two days, and the mother lay IV
a long time iu what threatened to be
II fatal illness.    At hist she rallied, ami
III the course of time delighted her lord
and master with a son, whom she numed
Thomas Jemison, iu memory of hei
father.
Three years altogether were passed In
rhis heathen vilhige.flp the bank of tin
Ohio, For the white girl they were year*
of strangely mixed pleasure and pain.
Hut as the seasons succeeded one an
other her memories of the iovod ones
who had fallen victims to the Indian's
tomahawk dimmed, acquiescence in the
IMPOVERISHED BIJ 00
A   COMMON   AND   A   DANGEROUS
TROUBLE—YOU MUST ENRICH
THE BLOOD TO ESCAPE
DANGER.
Anaemia is simply a lack of blood.
It is ono of tho most common and at
the same time most dangerous disease-
with which growing giHs sutler. It b
common because the blood bo.often bo
ft tines Impoverished tin ring develop
ment, when girls ar.< too frequently »1
lowed to over-study, overwork und suf
for from a lack of pxorciso, It is dan
geroua beeiiuse of the stcalthlneBB of it-
approach, often being well developed
before its present •• ia recognized, and
bet ;tuse of its tendency to grow si.
steadily worse, if Sot promptly check
ed, that   it   i:i;iy  run   into consumption.
The value of the tonic treatment with
Dr. Williams' Pink Pills should bi
known to every mother iu the land.
These I'ills make new, rich blood, torn
the organs and nerves, bring a glow of
health to pale, sallow idieeks, and drive
away the weakness, headaches, faint
ness. heart palpitation nnt\ loss of energy so noticeable in young girls who are
suffering from anaemia. To all such
Dr, Williams' Pink I'ills are an actual
life saver. Miss Mabel MeTavish. of
Prince Albert, Mask., says: "lu my cus(
F can only say that life had lost iti-
magic; all work was a trial, and oven
pleasure only a task. When I went up
a flight of Btair.4 I was ready to drop
from sheer weakness, and I had begun
to think life would h* a continued bur
den. Hut all this is now changed, thanks
to Dr. Williams' Pink Pills. These were
recommended to me, and after taking
them for about n month I found my
health renewed. I eould sleep better
my appetite returned, and I was so
strong and well that housework was no
longer a burden to me. My sister seem
ed to be going the same way last sum
mer, and Dr. Williams' Pink Pills wen
at onco sent for, and two boxes made
her as well ns ever, Dr. Williams'
Pink I'ills nre now the prized medicine
in our home, and doctor bills hnve been
fe'.wr .siib'i> iwp dificoajfercd the virtile,-
of this great medicine."
Sold by all medicine dealers, or sent
bv mail at Hn cents a box or six boxoi
for $fi.B0, from The Dr. Williams' Modi
cine Co., Brockville, Out,
conditions upon which she had fallen
.-hanged to active and pleasurable acceptance, and her new life painted itself
co Mary Jemison in bright colors.
•'Our labor was uot severe," she told
her biographer iu later years, "and thai
>f one year was exactly similar iu ul-
nost every respect to that of tlie others,
.vithout thnt endless1 variety that is to
Do observed in the common labor of the
white people. Notwithstanding tho In
lion women have all the fuel and bread
0 provide aad tho cooking to porform,
their tusk is probably not harder thau
.hat of white women who have those
articles provided tor them, and the.,
■ares ceriuiuly are not hull' us numerous,
ior as great. In the summer season we
planted, tended and harvested our com,
1 ud generally had all our children with
ns. but had nu master to oversee 01
Irivo us, so that we could work us
leisurely as We pleased. We pursued 001
farming business according to the gen
erul custom of the Indian women, which
is as follows: In order to expedite this
business and ut thy same time enjoy
each othor s company they all work to
{ether in one liold, or at whatever job
hey may have on band,    In the Bpring
I hey choose an old active squaw io bi
heir driver and overseer when at, Ittboi
ior the ensuing year. She accepts tin
honor, ami Ihey consider themselves
bound to oboy hor.
"When the time for planting arrives
and the soil is prepared, the sipiaws are
assembled in the morning and conducted
into a Held, where each plants oue row.
They then go into the next tie-id and
plant one across, and so ou until thoy
have gono through the tribe. In this
way they perform the labor of every
nind, aiol every jealousy of ono having
done more or less than another is avoid
od.''
After sho had been three years with
the Shawuoes, the white squaw, her husband and child, with others, started to
join her husband's family in the valley
of the Genesee, Ou the way t hit hei
her husband detached himself from the
party to join some acquaintances in a
II liming expedition which promised to
occupy him all winter. He told his
iquaw he would rejoin her in the spring.
Hut spring camo and faded into summer
with no news of him. Then the news
was brought that he had become ill and
died soon after leaving hor.
That she felt her savage husband's
death keenly there cau be no doubt.
But there was consolation in the manner of her reception into his family.
Here she was treated us ouo of them
selves, her husband's brothers showed
her everv consideration known to a savage mind, and, as she records, never
offered her any indignity or insult, and
his sister welcomed her with opeu arms.
Thus widowed, the thought sometimes
occurred to her of joining the white
settlers. When the moment for decision
arrived, however, she found herself un
tble to take the step. The issue was
presented in a enrioua manner. Wort!
was sent through the Indian villages
that the King of England hnd offered a
bounty for every white prisoner return
d to tlieir own people, A Dutchman
living in the neighborhood of the Gene
360, who had heard Mary demison 's
-dury- and was perfectly willing to re
irolvQ the reward, came after her; but
when she learned his purpose she lied
^ the woods, ami remained out of sight
until he had departed.
A severer test of her fidelity to her
adopted people was soon afterward pre-
-eiiti'il, One of the sachems of her tribe
undo known that Mary Jemison must
iie given up. Her brother-in daw told
he sachem that rather than see her sin
rendereo to the whites he would kill
her wilh his own hands. The question
was to be settled at a conference between the sachem and the brother inlaw. But if Mary did not want to re-
join tht* race among whom she was born,
neither did she desire to die.
To the end that she might escape
either fate, she enlisted the aid of her
-ister-inlaw, who arranged a system of
signals whereby Mary miglil learn the
outcome of fhe conference and, if il
threatened her life, might escape into
be wilderness. Fortunately, she wai
n.t forced to fly, for the 'sachem wu
finally made to 'see that to all intent:
md purposes the white woman had be
come an Indian.
When Thomas, her child, was thrtft
or four years old, Mary married' a see
md time, her husband being ITiokntoo,
i warrior of great renown. She bon
him four daughters' ami two sous. Then
followed many years of peace, durinj
which the affairs of tho Indians prospered in proportion as Ihey refrained from,
IrtinkenneBB, ".No people are happier
•ban the Indians without liquor," -aid
Marv Jemison late  in  hor life.    Thev
-ecine.l to lor to pOBBPSB all desirable
iitues. Liquor was the pit into which
hoy foil.
ft was fire water which brought "The
.Vhito Woman of the Ueue-ce,"' ns she
■aim' to be known when the rich vnllov
n which she lived hnd attracted white
■ ■ttli'is. the great  sorrow of her declin
ing years.   The half-brothers—Thoman,
->iii of her first husband, and John, son
if her s tnl —were entirely dissimilar
in tempera ment, and never became
friends. Their bickerings finally led to
in open quarrel, in which Thomas was
killed. Later, while Intoxicated, John
also slow his own brother. Jesse, aud in
the course of time was himself murder
ed.
Apart from these tragedies, the latter
ind of Mary Jemison's long life was a
happy one. Him was held in suoh es-
toom by her Indian tribesmen that when
1 treaty was effected whereby they relinquished ownership of most of their
large land holdings they secured to her
1 tract of about two square miles, upward of nineteen thousand acres.
Here sho built a modest cottage, ruis-
t'd her crops, and lived at peace, respected by redmen and whites alike. Other
cottages which sho built she rented to
tenants who desired to farm her land.
Hor husband, Hiokatoo, died in IR11,
iged one hundred and three years. His
wife said of him that he always treated
her with tenderness and never offered
her insult. In IS.'t.'l Mary Jemison waa
converted to Christianity, nnd on the
19th of September of that year she was
■fathered to hor fathers, aged about
i.inety-otio.
She was about eighty when the story
if her life was gatherer] from her own
'ps for publication. She never loam-
■'d. of course, to read or write; but at
hat groat ago her memory was excel-
lent, her 'hi ind' clear. ''I'he following do*
-criptinn of hor as slip appeared al
Pouracore is included in hor biography
"She walks with a quick slop without a staff, and can yot cross a stream
on a log or polo us steadily ns any other
person. Hor passions are easily excited.
At a number of periods in her narrative
tears trickled down her grief-worn
cheeks, and ut the same time a rising
si;:h would choice her utterance.
Industry i^ a virtue which she has
practised from the day of her adoption
to the present. She pounds her samp,
ooks for herself, gathers and chops her
wood, feeds her cattle and poultry, and
performs other laborious services. Last
season she planted, tended and gathered
her com—in short, she is always busy."
T6 the end of her life she dressed in
the costume she had become accustomed
to while living with her tribespeople.
She slept on skins without a bedstead,
sat upon tlie floor or a bench, and ate
holding her food  in her lap.
MOTORING NOTES
IT might be a very good thing for
every driver of a motor car to
seek au opportunity now and then
of riding in the front scat of anothei
i-ar besi.ii> some other driver. It would,
perhaps, make him a trifle more thoughtful of tho uneasiness caused liis own pas-
songerB when driving his own car. At
any rati? he would not bo a passenger
for long before he would be noting the
ellicii'iicy of the brakes iuu\ the ability
of tho driver to operate them; and it is
quite possible that if they did not seem
lo respond as readily as they should he
would be trying to push the foot-board
out of the car in an effort to assist iu
bringing the car to a stop.
Knowing the importance of always
keeping the brakes of a car in the most
perfect working order, tho expert driver
would no more think of driving hi^
car with the brakes out of adjustment
or iu poor working order, than lie would
of running the motor without oil. Still
thero are thousands of drivers through
out the country priding themselves upon
their ability of keeping a car in first-
class condition whoso brakes really are
most criminally neglected. There aro
many drivers who do not know how to
adjust the brakes, and there are others
who know how the adjustments should
bo obtained but when putting their
knowledge to the test find that their
efforts are uot greeted with success.
Starting a motor after it has been
standing out in the cold for a few hours,
or in a cold garage over niglit, is no
joke; and a few hints ou how to start
with Ihe least amount of cranking will
no doubt bo appreciated by many, Perhaps tho best way to get a motor started is to wrap a bunch of waste loosely
iu a cloth, saturate it witli gasoline,
I nit a half-touspooiifiil of gasoline iu
each cylinder, turn on the ignition and
crank the motor. As soon as it starts,
run around aud carefully place thu saturated waste and cloth near tho uir intake of tho carbureter so that as the
motor begins to slow down it may be
brought still doner and a combustible
mixture be thus formed until the car
bureler begins to carburet. Should this
fail, simply remember the old adage.
"If at first you don't Buccoed, try, try
again," and when the motor has become
sufficiently warm it will keep on running without the necessity of holding
tho saturated waste and cloth near the
air-intake of the carburetor.
It is recommended that if the intake
manifold of the motor be tapped just
above the carbureter, and connection be
made Wiethe acetylene gns tank, a
cold mrf/vcan be readily started and
run ou^ffr/tyU'iK' gas until tho carburet
or be<;.iiB to deliver a suitable mixture.
Another way is to have a long piece of
rubber hose which can lie attached at
1110 end to one of the lamp leads, or
direct to tho gas tank, and the other
end stuck into the uir-inlet of the car
bnretor; the gas can then bo turned on
and a combustible mixture formed in
this way until the carbureter is brought
into use. Jt is not universally known
that there is more than ono grade of
gasoline on the market, and that with
the better grades a motor can be much
more readily started than when- a poorer
grade Of fuel is employed. It is possible
by special, order to obtain gasoline from
the oil manufacturers that tests about
.UK degrees Beftume to Hit degrees Fell-
renhoit. and which vaporizes very much
more readily than tho fuel generally ob
taimfble from the garage or tank wagon.
The fuel generally supplied tests around
li'J degrees Ib'aumo at Ihe normal tern
peraturo of fit) degrees Fahrenheit, and
is just, as suitable as a fuel after the
motor is warmed up and under ordinary
running conditions as tho more volatile
and expensive gasoline.
There is n prevailing idea iu the
minds of many motorists that in a motoi
with a circulating oiling system, in
which the lubricant is used over and
over again, that as long as the proper
level is maintained in the cniukcnsc the
motor .is being properly lubricated. It
even is claimed by Ihe selling represen
tatlvOB of some niOtor car manufaetur
ing companies, that owing to the con
irtructlou of the motors iu the cars
which they bell, leakage of oil from the
crankshaft ends is entirely eliminated
and their cars can run scviT.il thousand
mih-s without Ihe necessity of replou
isbing the oil supply in Ihe crankcaso.
It is tine there are motors in ears which
under favorable conditions can run a
couple of thousand, or perhaps even
several thousand miles, without reducing the level in the ciankcase to any
considerable extent, and a slight replem
Ishment would permit of a couple of
thousand more miles of travel; but the
bearings of tho motor must by thh
time bo in sore need of repair and ud
just ment.
It is not only necessary thnt the prop
er supply be maintained in the oil roaer
voir of a motor, but it is oven more
important that the proper lubricating
constituency of Ihe oil bo sustained uud
uot impaired by the accumulation of
solid particles of carbon. It is a well
known fact that after tho oil thut is
used in a circulating oiling system has
boon on the job, so to spoak, for a roa
Honablo length of timo it begins to lose
its clear aspect and take on a murky
I'fdor which, if ignored, in timo becomes
black. And if when this black oil is
drained from the case, ono wero to al
low sump of it to run onto the fore
finger it would be vory thin aud not
very oily; nud should it bo rubbed bo
'ween the linger and ttio thumb it would
lie found to contain a powdery, gritty
substance decidedly not good for boar-
iugs,; ,;.,;}-
Tho requirements of a suitable lubri-
...,..r tfcs>J^mAfliia^M Ul|fl system it arc
• ha{ it • bo"df "WTprnper ^consistency to
feed well with the lubricating arrange
iiionts nnd under the temperature condi
tinns required; of such viscosity and
oiliness as to reduce friction to a mini
mum. uud contain a minimum amount ol
constituents prejudicial to its sustained
effect, From tlie above statements ii
may be seen that when an oil has been
used tor too long a time it will have
lost in one of its moat essential require
ments, its viscosity, und taken on tu
excessive amount of what is referred to
as a prejudicial constituent, granulai
carbon. The viscosity of an oil is jtt
disposition to be creamy; it is u mum
applied to tho internul friction botweon
the globules which restricts its fluidity
and whon it is stated that au oil has lost
its viscosity, ono is to infer that it has
lost its original creamy composition and
become more like skim milk. The fat 01
grease globules in an oil are tho olo
ments that keep the lubricated surface?
sufficiently apart to prevent rubbing;
and when these oily elements ure burn!
in the cylinders of a motor a. fine emboli deposit is formed, Thus, when all
or most of the oily contents of 11 lubri
cant are carbonized, it ceases to lie un
effectivo lubricant und becomes moro ot
au abrasive.
In order that n motor may be proper
ly lubricated the entire crankcaso sup
ply should be drained out and replaced
with fresh oil about once u month, 01
more frequently, if tlie car is doing con
tiuuous aud heavy duty, ns when run
ning under vory muddy conditions, 01
on the lower genrs ou rough or hill\
roads for any length of timo. It is tils*
advisable, after the oil has been left
in the crankcaso for an unusually long
time, to flush the crankcaso out, with
kerosene to remove tho sediment.
Moro nnd more attention continues to
be given to the motor-truck by writers
on motorcars, as well us by manufaetur
ers of them. Its use is not. only spread
ing along lines in which it already has
been found to be of great value, but
along new ones, including the hearse.
All this is true, uot only of our countrj
but of Kuropenn lands, and notably so
of Franco. Iu Paris no taxation is ini
posed on cars devoted to purely com
morcial purposes; hence it is impossible
to   know  exactly   how  many   such   cars
re now in use in that city nnd its en
virons.    Statistics, however, have been
implied by the Automobile Club ot
Prance, which in tho main may be accepted ns authentic. It appears from
them that the number of large-capacity
omnibuses owned by the General Omni
bus Company in Paris is now 155, whih
other companies have 4S omnibuses  ol
muller capacity seating from ten tu
twenty persons. Under its rout racl
with the city, the General Omnibus Com
pany within three years must increase
tho number of its motor-'buses to 800,
Of freight, trucks and delivery vehicles
propelled by motors there nro in Furih
1,005, classified as follows:
Useful load, 1,700 lbs, to B tons.. 234
1'sef.ul load, 2 tons to B tons .. . 170
Useful load, 0 tons ami abovo .. 143
Other commercial   vehicles         ISO
ostal  vans,  carrying  1,700*2,600
lbs '     150
Tractors and locomotives        tit'
Total, including oinnibusepi  ,..,1,003
As pointed out in Motor Age, which
prints these statistics, the above figures
do not include toxicabsj these are now
■•lightly more numerous than cubs drawn
by horses. Nor are the city fire engines
included, all of which within four yean
must bv law be converted into motoi
vehicles.
Numorous items are at hand as \<
Inventions for the extension of tin
efiicietii y of tho motor as applied 1<
Commercial vehicles. In Pittsburg, on
ing to its steep hills, there has beoi
much need of a type of truck which
would surmount the hills when heavily
loaded, .Many meatpacking establish
monts'flourish in Pittsburg, and nndoi
their patronage has been formed a truck
company which undertakes to meet, this
difficulty, Ample capital hns been fouud
and sail's of the type of truck already
produced have already boon made. Tin
motor hns four cylinders, cast singly
ami cooled by wafer, the horse-powci
rating being fifty. Tho motor i*. carried
under a hood forward, wilh tho rodiatoi
in front, and has a dual system of igni
tion. The truck is ariven bv doubli
chains. The wheel baso tfl 150 inches, m
unusual length, but it was adopted ii
order to eliminate excess in overhang
of Un- body.
In Seattle is in use a coal truck wirl
a capacity of four tons. Steep grade-
are climbed by this truck with a ful'
load. Since it was placed iu operation
he truck has delivered as many at
thirty-five tons of coal in a day.
lu I toad ing, Pa., has beeu brought ou'
a small threo-wbeeled pit reel -doll vorj
vehicle, weighing only 500 pounds, but
i-apable of carrying in addition to th«
driver 500 pounds of merchandise. Till
driver t-its in the roar. Forward is tie
parcels compartment, 50 inches long, '.'•>■
inches wide, and 80 inches high. Tie
vehicle has a single-cylinder two cycle
motor placed directly in front of tin
single rear wheel. Its speed is twolvi
to fifteen miles an i.our, with a low
gear, The (.ingle spark system is Bin
ployed, tuns making the current con
sumption low.
Motor Ago further notes thnt a com
pany in Allentown, pa,, "has struck thi
keynote of demount ability and inter
changeability in commercial car menu
fuel nre." This has been accomplished
by a device which permits of the motor,
clutch, magneto, carbureter, uud oiling
device on a subfrauio Independent of tin
main frame of the truck. Hy this do
vice it becomes possible, by the removal
of two bolts and the breaking of sevfral
electrical connections, to move forward
tho complete unit and to detach it from
the cur.
»    •    •
Motor for October prints a historical
record of tho road racing speeds thut
have been made in the big races of* the
last fifteen years. The reader is remind
ed that the speeds shown "are tioi
the maximum but the sustained averages, usually over distances of more
than 300 miles." Driving a car ut a
high speed for a single mile, and driving one for several hundred miles live
quite dill'eront things. On the straight
away the records show that better thai
180 miles an hour has been accomplish
ed, but it. remains true that the best
a forage for a real road race ever lone.
distances is quite near to only one-hall
that distance. An explanation is als<
jiven by Motor as to tlie drop in SPOOdt
after HtfiH^ Since that time rnces " havi
hn^i reataricU'd to stuck chasses."
-Bond races since 1806 have varied
In length from 50 miles to 1,720 kilo
metres. A fifty*mile rare was run oi
the Merrick Road in 1000, and the l,72i
kilometer race iu France from Paris to
Versailles in 1806. A kilometer, it. i*ay
•.*> stated, is % of a mile. The Yiuulc*
hilt Cup race of 1005 was over u ewum
,f 2:t.'t miles. The course for tkta ra«»
has since remained about tho same, w»U
variations of a few miles only.
TONS OF DIAMONDS
4 B with nil precious ihoUIh uu*
l\. stones, the unit of weight us.iaU*
employed in regard to diamond*
Is the carat, of which one hundred aim
liffy-oiie and one-half go to make op
,1 single ounce, Troy. To think sf BttSlu
nf diamonds by the ton staggers tlw
imagination; indeed, tho output uf ou«
if the greatest diamond .nines iu Kim
barley. Smith Africa, from which eontrt
practically all diamonds come, is no*
more thau half a ton annually. BoqoMI
statistics giving the output of the Kim
berley mines and rivor diggings for tht
past'throe years place it at, 8,200,004
carats, nearly a ton and throe quiirtorr
The monetary value of these diamond*
was about $75,000,000.
Since the first diamond was discover
m\ by the banks of the Yunl in 1887, up
to the proseut, it is estimated that th*
total weight of diamonds extracted
from the South African mines is (/v*i
fifteen tons, of a market value of fully
$500.000,000. If statistics of thin sort
can lie depended on, only about twenty
two tons of diamonds have beeu in vm
all over the world until within thu pain
year or two,
THE HOBBIES  OF  ROTALTT
TUP Lady's Realm publish** a p*
per on tho Arts and Crafts orf
Princes, in which the serious ih
versions of Koyal personages are r«
called. The duke Karl Theodor of Uu
varia. chief of tho Wittelsbach family.
wus a notable oculist.   Queen Amelia »/
Portugal has devoted hor leisure to y
study of tuberculosis. Count ess Lcn
yny, daughter of the late King Leopold,
has patented a device for keening plates
ami dishes hot at table. Prince Henri
of Prussia has patented n method ef
cleaning the glasses of motor -cars. Th«
King of Bulgaria is an export mecfeanis,
and drives his own Koyal locomotive
The King of Naples is a worker U
metal. The Crown Prince of Germans
has served a long apprenticeship to Uw
goldsmith 'a trade and is an expert work
or ii) lino metals. He has patented %
design for sleeve-links that will not
come undone. Tho liuke of Oldenburg
has patented a design for the ur row of *
steamship. Prince Joachim in dedicate!
to tho blacksmith's art. Prince Pried
rich .dgismuml hns qualified us a innate?
carpenter; his brother aa a master lock
smith. Tho ex Sultan Abdul Hiwnid ¥
by craft a carpenter. The Emperor WU
Ham of Germany writes both verso nu*
drama, and paints. lie is a cattle breed
er, model gardener, and has a privatu
pottery. Tlie QuopQ of Kouiuauia »* fc
well-known writer. Prince Bugeie i>*
ed'on is a landscape painter. Arch
duchess Marie-Therese of Auhtrin is ut
artist. The Duchess of Argyle is &
sculptor. The late King Edward WM *
breeder of cattle,
SCEPriCS
When your old dad was as Iii tie as rou
Was" he likely to do
What they   wanted   him  to!
Why,   certainly   so!     And   as  ipiii U   *i
a wink
lie   did   as   thev   bid   him   befocu   yoi
could think,
[ley!    I ley!
Wiut did you say?
What   makes   von   keep   winking   and
grinning' that   way?
Veur   uncle's   boon   "tclliu'   you   cuw
Ihin't"   Dear,  dear!
Vou mustn't believe all the stones yoi
hear.
Whon dad aud his playmates w«r« niet
little boys
The lirst  of tlieir joys
Was  giving  tlie.ir toys
r*o poor little chlUron who needed tho*
more;
Your and was so good ho gafo all i>i
his store.
I ley!    lleyl
What do you say!
Your mother has some of 'rm a«w, pir
away f
Such hcrve  was unknown  in  mv day'
—I'll  be  bound
Vou Imps liave beou snooping and prying around.
When  rlnddv was  young he was deal
dumb and blind
Tu pranks unrefined;
HoM  u  serious  mind,
Mo pftid no attention to girls asd tlreli
looks,
tint gave all bis time to his ta«k? nn*
his books.
TIev!    Ilev!
What do vou say!
Yos   mother   was   raised   in   the   vcr;
same way,
Ymi found an old letter and rea*3 fctt—
My Scat!
We used to spank children for udtoltle'
like that,
—Harper's NfagatfRi**
LAWMAKERS WITHOUT LAW
rrilP British House of ('ominous 1*
1. perhaps the most rigidly gorerncs
body of legislators in th^ world
Indeed, it is said that few member*1
over master the rules of order, and evet
tho best speakers have committed humorous and embarrassing blunders.
On the other hand, the House of Uirdf
nay bo said to have no rules of proee
lure except such as would govors
gentlemen met together in a drawing
room*. For although thore are custom*
md regular methods of business, yet
there is no authority to enfsroe rule*1
ind to maintain order.
The presiding officer of tho House n?
Lords is tho Lord Chancellor, who ortt
on the woolsack and puts motions, on*!
who also engages in the debates when sr.
minded. Put he cannot cull one of bit
fellow poors to order, and he does not
even decide who is to spenk.
IN honor of tho eventful doy ol
graduation from a cooking -school
she got up a little spread.
''Yes, I've got tho loveliest diplo
ma!" cried the fair graduate. "Tt'l
in sheepskin parchment, with n big
.-old seal, f cooked that dish you .ir.1
■ •ating.    Now just guess what it in."
"Is it—er—er " tho young cynl*
paused Impressively—"is it the diplo
ma, PeggyI"
Many mot hois hjivc reason to blOBl
Mother tl raves' Worm Exterminator,
boc&nse it lias relieved tho little ones of
sulTcring and mado them healthy. THE UlLAMDEK. CUMBERLAND, B.C.
13
»»<»»♦♦»»♦♦♦+♦♦»♦<»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦■<
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
i
♦
BAKING POWDER
Does not contain Alum
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FASHIONS   AND
FANCIES
HATH aud more hats! Every week sees new styles exhibi
ed, new materials and new colors until the average
brain grows fairly di r/.y trying to decide upon which
really is the smartest and most, desirable model to choose, It
is acknowledged that tho hat is all important in a woman's
tutlit, and there must be a suitablo hat for each ami every
•ccasfon if a strict adherence lo the laws of fashion be contemplated, and each and overv hat must bo becoming and
distinctive. With these rules' lo follow it can readily be
inderstood that too much lime and thought cannot be expended in quest of fashionable headgear,
The models are so varied this year that it is more confusing than usuul to select just what is wanted. One moment
bug.- hats are declared absolutely the one and onlv stvle; the
text moment the snintl hat is'tirmly stated to ho correct
fashion, ami there aro so many of medium size, neither largo
•or small, that are extremely attractive nnd very smart. The
picturesque stylo is much in evidence, and while the faSjitbb
is a dangerous ono for thq majority of women to follow blind*
ly, it. in often most satisfactory, because it can be so distinctive  ami  original.    A   soft  mob  cap' of  velvet   with  an
Black Velvet Hat with Blue Bow
inside pleating of fine lace, a twist of satin ribbon around
the crown and a bunch of tiny silk roses at one side is a
favorite model, one tlmt hitherto has been associated more
with fashions for children, but now is chosen for grown
women. There are some faces to which Ihis hat is extremely
kecouting; to others it is grotesque and most  unbecoming.
Large hats are moro often on tho picture order, but all
large hats are fnot picture un'ts. At the moment the large
tats are considered smartest for the afternoon and evening,
while the small and medium size are rolegatod to the more
-jovero styles of dress. Kpr the theatre hat, the hat to be
worn in a box at tho theatre, the largo hut continues to bo
the prime fuvorfto and is trimmed witli ostrich plumes of the
mist costly description, aigrettes or some strange fantasy,
ts it is termed, of feather ur aigrettes. The shaded ostrich
sluinos are the most fashionable this winter, and the col
big;, are exquisitely beautiful, lllack shading to gray and
white, two or three tones of blue or purple, all shading to
Tory light, are put on black velvet, hats both of largo and
small size. Tho posing of the feathers cujls for tho taste.and
■kill of an expert, and whether the lint lie large'or small it
Ban bo becoming or the reverse, entirely ns the feathers are
arranged,
The feathers used are all most perfect ami nro extremely
MtponslvCi Aigrettes aro also lo be counted among the expen-
*ive trimmings,  but  in  both  instances there is at  least the
Black Volvct Hat with Fink Roses
■aatiflfactiou that the money expended "sd.m""*-'' It is uot
only a question of line, but beauty of workmanship as woll
*s the quality of tho feathers.
Strange and weird feathers, plumes und stilt wings are
to be noticed in this winter's millinery. Tho most learned
nruithologist would have a task beyond his powers to name
.Any bird on which such feathers grew, such .startling eombina-
:ion of color and design and such quantities of feathers as are
nsed to trim the simplest of hats. Two and three spread out
is large as turkey wings encircle, small turbans-and toques or
are massed together at the side of a medium size soft velvet
turban, lu.'iig still' quills, black and white, made of velvet,
cloth anil a few real feathers, ure most effective, ami are
lined in the hats mado of cloth and satin, or satin 'and velvet,
and the willow feathers, so exquisite in detail and coloring
and so becomingly soft and graceful, trim tho volvct hats
of medium size. A charming model of a rather stiff black
velvet hut of medium size with a brim turned up at ouo side
ih trimmed with a cluster of short willow feathers in bright
emerald green. Tho contrast of the feathers and hat is so
marked that it would excite attention at once, and then the
Urti in fifl becoming it is not tn ho wondered at that it is
i most popular model.
Flounces and fur are two most fashionable trimmings this
winter aud are used separately and together. The flounces
nro most olToetivo In coloring and of the finest workmanship.
The silk and velvet tlounces are especially noticeable and
tho colors most unusual. The rather flat, low crowned hat
of velvet and of lieaver and velvet combined is a vory smart
with the wreath of flowers around tho crown, und the lack
of height in tho trinuniog and hat. gives a certain nir of distinction :ind individuality that the more eccentric shnpos
often lack. One point about those huts which mnkos
thoni beloved by those to whom thoy are becoming
is that thoy are not becoming to many faces and
never aro dangerously popular iu consequence. They are
most deceptive in appearuuco.for only the initiated can recognize at a glance the master hand in thoir manufacture. So,
while seemingly simple, they require to bo most cnrefully
made, otherwise they lack style mid are anything but smart.
Made in colored velvet to match the gowu with which it is
to be worn, this hat alfords a line opportunity to carry out
imv scheme of one color or a color contrast, the flowers of
different shades and of velvet and silk showing to the best
possible advantage ugaijist the velvet.
This being a winter when fur is supremely fashionable, of
course fur hats and hats trirpmod with fur aro most popular.
The fur on too nut should match the muff and nook piece, but
there are many hats trimmed with sable, skunk or fox that
are quite complete in themselves and which will be worn
with other furs. Most cleverly is tho fur put on in one or
two inch bands around the crdwn, or if it is a toque or turban
shape then the bands of fur are used in trimming. White
and light colored doth nud beaver hats trimmed with fur nre
most effective and becoming aud again sable or Hktink is
chosen as combining best, A fascinating model that well
deserves ils popularity is a toque of yellowish cream white
beaver trimmed wilh narrow bands of sable aud a full white
,^"\
Velvet Hat with O&trich Plumes
aigrette placed almost ou the front of the lint. This same
shape is also made in uot, velvet or tulle and in small, in em-ii
material, but in the tulle or beaver it. looks the best. For
theatre or restaurant wear not only white but light colors,
palest blue, rose or yellow, ure smart made up in this style,
but tho cream white lor the moment is the more popular,
Rough beaver hats of nil kinds aro extremely smart this
season, aud the useful soft black beaver is very popular. Worn
as a knockabout, useful piece of headgear it is most satis
factory. Trim mod with anything, even a black or whiti
cockade or fantasy, it is Hinart. There is another shape,
something the same iu effect, but not so soft and Shapeless.
This can bo trimmed effectively with colored stiff feathers;
one stylo has the feathers placed toward tho back; anothei
has the feathers, either two still' ones or'throe soft ostrich
tips, at the left side. Then there are tho bouvcr hats trim
mod with only a velvet bow ucross the front or ut ouo side;
the velvet, put through a piece of tho material, is in two
loops, with no ends, and lies Hal against the hat. Tho beavoi
has quito a long nan and is becoming lit any shade. Thore aro
more effective shapes iu white with a black velvet bow, but
the white is not so practical as color, and is most suitable foi
tho girl who does not have to count the pennies who spends on
her clothes nnd consequently can buy any number of hats.
There are shades of light tan in this shape that uro more practical and look well with fur coats. A bit of fur is sometimos
substituted for the velvet bow, but it is not so snjnrt, for tin
groat charm of this model is its simplicity,
Lace hats combined with velvet and trimmed with ostrich
plumes or aigrettes nre expensive, but the expense for once h
warranted by the quality of tho materials and the perfection
of workmanship that is demanded to make the hat. A flm
pattern of laeo, to begin wilh, is necessary. This miist be
most carefully pleated and placed over a wire frame, every
line of which has been studied in ret'oionoe to what is most
becoming. The feather, or aigrette, costs ns much ns at
entire gown did two or Ihree seasons ago. In palest ecru
luce combined with brown velvet, and shell pink ostrich tips
this lheat.ro hat in one of the most popular of this season.
EXPLORING THE SOUTH POLE
LONG ago the imagination of Edgar
Allan l'oo discovered the South
Pole—lu his book recounting the
remarkable adventures of i'yin. Toe's
hero discovered in tho southernmost
point of tho earth a now.'coutinont and
largo islands, he came across a strange
race of people, and, most wonderful of
all, found'it got warmer tho nearer his
ship approached the Pole. But, according to the pioneers of science, tho roal-
ity* is very different, thero being no such
thing as u largo new continent, only
small bits of land of volcanic nature
and endless ice. »
The writer gives a few details cou-
corning the recent French expedition
of.Mr. Jean Gh.ar.cot, which returned iu
Juno. Dr. Charcot, ho says, has discovered another piece of territory, a strip
of land lying eastward of King lid
ward VII, Land, discovered in 1008
by Captain Scott. Uelween. King l-M-
ward VII. Land and KmpororAloxander
1. Land (the latter discovered by Charcot ou his previous expedition) lies a
territory of considerable extent not yet
trodden by human foot, because the
great masses of ice have always made
it impossible for any scientific expedition to feel sure of being able to return
to any of the already known points.
Captain Cook was driven back in 1774,
and in 1881 BelliugshauBon failed to
r,oach a higher latitude than his predecessors, Ilisooe in 1832, and Lecointe
in tho following year, followed. Then
chine tho lirst Charcot Expedition' in
1005, the groat success of which consisted iu the exploration of the const
of Graham Land. This territory lies
to the south of the South Shotland
Isles, and is perhaps n part of the anticipated new continent; yet it lies farther from the South Polo than South
Victoria _ or- King Edward' VI I. Land,
territories more thoroughly explored by
Scott and Sliuekloton,
As fhe results of the last Charcot Expedition we learn that, vory probubly
the coast of Graham Lund.is connected
with Alexander I. Land, a strip of
which we -havo hitherto had only very
meagre knowledge. Dr. Charcot has, iu
fact, discovered oast of Alexander I.
Land now territories, though ; he was
only able ,to reach the seventh degree
Of latitude.' Mis dillicultios have been
indescribable; he met wilh the greatest
hindrances in the form of rocks and
icebergs, and scarcely a spot for shelter was obtainable or u landing place
possible.
THE SARGOSSA. SEA LOST
THJ3 recent Norwegian expedition
scut out to search for the Sargossn
.Sea has returned with tho tioiugs
that "there aln't no such a place.'"
Tho expedition, in fact, resembled oue
dispatched to look for mermaids, tho
sea-serpent, or tho island of Ogyggia.
Seaweed, indeed, it found, as might
nave been expected, but no such roman
tic conditions as have boon reported for
the last few centuries by veracious
travellers and enshrined in marine literature. .Savs Cosmos (Pari*, October
15):
"Another legend has disappeared, re
dticed to zero by the investigations of
scientific explorers. Of old, sailors have
reported that in au extended region of
tho North Atlantic, under the name of
tho Sargossa Soa, a mass of murine
plants so douse and thick that sailing
ships venturing therein wore hold indefinitely without power to free themselves. Tho great American nautical
meteorologist Maury, whoso works have
been so useful to navigation, bad himself accepted these assertions without
verifying them,
"The Norwegian department of fisheries has recently sent out, ou the ship
Michael Sars. a scientific expedition to
study the Sargossa Sea. Le Yacht gives
Ihe results as follows:
"Approximately, tne position of the
sou coincides witli that of the anticyclone which generally exists ovor the
North Atlantic. Around this centre of
high pressure tho wind and thu surface-currents of the sea circulate in (indirection of the hands of a watch.
"It is to tho south of tho fortieth
parallel of north latitude, between the
meridians of the Azores aud Charles-
Inn, that them is tho greatest chance
of finding seaweed, which hardly descends below-the tenth parallel, except
in the vicinity nf the Gulf nf Mexico.
The quantity of the seaweed to bo seen
is largest during the third quarter of
the year, a little after tho season of
greatest frequency of the hurricanes
i-imimr.n in the Mexican Gulf.
"Those algae float on tho surface
about five or six months, after which
they grow obi and sink to the bottom.
But tho descriptions of floating prairies
arresting the course of vessels are, nc-
cording to the Norwegian expedition,
quite fantastic."
HOW A TIGEB WAS CAPTURED
THE Interest of a community in the
Malay Peninsula was lately excited   by the  iiiinouneenieiit   that   a
tine  tiger  had   been  onptured   in   a   pit
situated in a Chinaman's garden.
TELLS THE PUBLIC
THE REASON WHY
QUEBEC MAN CURED BY DODD'S
KIDNEY PILLS
Of Rheumatism, Gravel and DiabotcK
.■:>p he wants other BUftorers to
havo the benefit of his exporlcncc
Rosaonu Mills Pertnouff Co., Quo.
—(Spoeinl)—"Toll the |>ulilicj Dodd's
KHni'V Bills dire.] mo of (travel, Hlioo
mutism and Dlftbetos,'' Tiiowc are tli.-
words of SorApuln Cnrpontior; of thin
plnco.
"For ton years I rumored, Mr. Car-
pentler continues. "Then 1 heard of
Mori.I's Kidney I'ills aud decided to try
thorn. Almost from the first thoy relieved mn and now all my Gravel, I>ia-
betes ami Rheumatism havo entirely left
me.
"I \vnnt .others to know what cured
pie, because I do ndj want them to
suffer as I have Buffered. '
There ure thousands of just such living proofs in Canada that 'Podd *h Kid-
iey Pills always cure Kidney Disease.
If you takfl the disease early they will
euro it easily and quickly and you will
be saved much suffering, It' you have
neglected it and let it rohch its more
Inngerons singes, such as (Jravcl. Din-
bides or Bright'* Disease, Podd's Kid
ney Pills will cun' it.   They never fail.
The pit iu which tho tiger was caught
wm, circular, eleven feet deep, aud three
feet In diameter, contracting slightly at
ihe bottom. It was dug In sandy clay,
aud as the sides were clean-cut the tiger
was not able to escape by scrambling
out, The situation was on tho margin
of u jungle forest, aud tho pit. along
with others, had been dug for the purpose of capturing wild pigs, These pii*
were covered wilh thin sticks und grass
or leaves.
As soon us the owner of tho pit into
which the tiger had fallen was aware of
his prize, ho covered the month of the
pit wilh strung [dunks ami at once looked around for a purchaser, who was soon
found. The sum of twenty-live pounds
was paid for tho tiger ns it lay at the
bottom of the pit, and it afterward COBJ
fifty pounds to have him caged and con
veyeu to Singapore.
Jjjor nearly six days tho captive lay iu
tho pit, his captor feeding him very
sparingly iu order to reduce his energy.
The operation of cnging the boast was
intrusted to six Malays, who. as a raeo,
are noted for their kmnvetdge of woodcraft  ami of the habits of animals.
The Malays wont to work very cleverly. Every detail of their plan wns ordered admirably, ho that no accident
could occur.
The first step was to rig up a strong
beam at a height of about nine feet over
the pit. and this was Supported on well-
secured uprights, to which it wus securely lashed   with  withes.
Next thero wore prepared two cylindrical baskets made uf green rattan.
One of those baskets measured two feet
in diameter and eight feet in length.
The other was mado just largo enough
to be passed into the larger one, for the
purpose of giving additional Btrength
to the contrivance. One eiul of each
basket Was left open, while the' other
was closed with the exception of a hole
about throe inches in diameter, the
use of which will presently appear.
The smaller basket having been jammed into the larger one, the walls of
both were firmly lacod together through-
out with withes to obviate any chance
uf .slipping.
Finally two new hemp ropes two and
three qua Her inches iu circumference
wore prepare.] with running nooses. A.s
soon as a few long poles hnd been out
and prepared, with forks on some of
Ihem and pieces of wood' lashed on
others to form hooks, tho Malays wore
ready to take care of the tiger.
Tho planks covering the mouth of
tho pit wore slightly separated-to admit
of the ropes and poles being passed
down. Tho nooso of one of tho ropes
was Ir/wercd upon the tiger's head, nn
Intrusion1 which ho resisted violently,
but by skill und patience the Malays
managed to got the noose over the
tiger's head und around his nock. This
wus effected by manoeuvring his paws
and mouth with tho poles. As soon as
the noose was in position it was drawn
tight enough to prevent its removal by
the prisoner. The other rope was then
passed down and secured in a similar
manner. Tho operation of placing" the
two nooses around tho neck of the beast
occupied twenty-throe minutes.
The ends of tho ropes were then passed through tho cylindrical baskets. The
baskets wore placed mouth downward
over the pit,-and when all was secure
and ready the word to haul wns given
and the tiger was drawn up head foremost into the bushel, which was only
large enough to receive him, aud thus
he was unable to struggle with effectiveness, As soon as he was well into
the basket the whole was drawn rip
and laid on its si de, >whon tho month of
the basket was'at once lacod up', leaving nothing but tho tiger's tail protruding. When all was fast- the nooses
around his throat wore slackened in order that the beast might breathe, more
freely, The basket was now slung oo
a polo and borne to where a cage was
in readiness to receive its occupant.
JEWELS BY THE MILLION
JEWELS are usually thought of as ornamental, but ia one form they
aro employed purely in tho lino of
utility. ■ As bearings for watches nnd
other small machines thoy are no less
valuable than when Ihey grace a ball-
dross or aro strung on n necklace. Of
course, tho most costly gouts ure not
thus used, the specimens employed being small. Says .Mr. P. A. Stanley in
the American Machinist (New York,
October 13):
"Watch manufacturers of this country use annually several millions i.f
jewels, ami makers of certain classes
of instruments also make use of jewels
in largo quantities. There is, in fact,
a steady increase in the number of
jeweled bearings applied by Instrument-
makers to such devices as recording
and other electrical meters, gages, etc.
"Whim largo Quantities nf these jewels a re import od, n groat ma ny a re
made hero at home. The processes of
mftnufneturo which curry the rough
stone to its finished condition mounted
in lie setting, ready for dropping into
plnco into watch or other mechanism,
comprise a series of most int"re-it Ing
operations.
''There are lovernl sources of supply
for the rough sapphires from Which the
jewels are cut, clllof of which are ' ey
~>-; «&£-   -   a.- .-   -^"'^f"
Are your bands chapped, cracked
or sore ? Havo you " cold cracks "
which open and bleed when the skin
is drawn tight? Hive you a cold
sore, frost bite, chilblains, or a "raw"
place, which at times makes it agony
for you to go about your household
duties ? If so, Zam-Buk will give you
relief, and wilt beat tho trost-damaged
skin. Anoint the sore places at night,
"•"am-Buk's rich healing essences will
sink into the wounds, end the smarting, and will heal quickly.
M^. Yellon, of Portland, sayn : "My
hands were bo sore and cradied tlmt it
was t-gouy to put them near water.
When J did so they would smart and
bum as if 1 had ecidded them. 1 attorned
quito uuabio to get relief from anything
1 put on them until I tried Zam-Buk,
and it succeeded when all t-lso had
failed. It'closed the big cracks, gava
mo ewe, soothed tho inrbimnialion, and
iu a very short time hu^lod my hands.B
i\	
Zam-Buk alio cure* chafing, rashtt, ttintt
eaema, iniot, v}er)t,Jc*trriny torn, tor* hauls
ot\iba.:ktf alttcfsm-t, jrimpt$t, n'n;;-teurirt, tic,.
cat*, barm, brutui, urttldt, sprain*. Uf aH
drttggi.-lt and tttirw, or jn t frtl frvm (he 'Z'im-
link Co., TuroiUo.    I'rwe {mc a bet.
Ion, Australia and Montana. Curious
ly enough, while we aro apt to think
of sapphires as blue, thoy actually un
found in all the colors of the rainbow
The.Australian stone is the hardest and
correspondingly brittle. The stone from
Ceylon is not quite so hard, and is los»
brittle, Tho Montana stone is said tc-
be best for jewels in mechanisms wherf
any strength is required, as it is les»
brittle than the others, and therefor*
not so oasily fractured. The Montane
stones aro sorted out as taken from th*
mine, and those distributed to jeweJ
manufacturers are generally of a light
green color, the more vuliiablo stone*
being reserved for settings in rings une
other jewelry."
11 ow the rough stones aro gro-une
down, bored and polished bo that thej
will be fit for use as bearings are dfl
scribed in detail by tho writer. Worn*
of the operations are shown in the M
compauying illustrations.   He says:
"One of the surprising features of
jewel manufacture is the rapidity wit!
which these sapphire bearings aro pro
duccd. For example, ordinary sizes of
jewels are regularly turned, drilled auo
polished at tho rate of SO to 100 in s
day of ten hours. Tho holes in thesf
jewels can be drilled and polished b;
one operator at the rate of 200 per daj
of tou hours. To the ordinary mechanic
at least, this seems like vory rapid work
upon such material. The production of
some of the fine instrument jewels Is
of course, less, forty a day making »
fair average. Tho polishing on thes*
fine jewels consumes somewhat Imigoi
time, each ono being microscopically iu
spooled,
"The usual range of watch-jewel
sizes runs from one to three millimeter!
outside diameter, the holes for th*
pivots ranging in tho different sizes
say from 7*100 to 10-100 millimeters,
or from about 0.003 to 0.010 inch.
Jewels are made for instruments und
other purposes up to 10 millimeters die
meter	
"An interesting view shows a Inrg*
case tilled with small vials containing
different sizes of jewels in their set
tings, for all of the well-known make*
of American watches. While tlies*
glass receptacles arc not over nn inct
ami a half high, each will hold about
two thousand unset jewels, or about *
gross of tho average size of settings.'
A REPORTER   was  sent   around    U
make  some   Inquiries concerninf
a   new   play   that   Dai id   Hei a sec
was engaged in writing,
"Vrs," said David. "I niu writing
a play, What do vou want to know
about* it?"
"Anything yon can tell mo will hr
Interesting,     was the reply.
"Woll, was I'elasco's response, "il
is to have four ads and three intor
missions- and I've just finished the in
Icrmissions."
Shifohs Cure
aDlckly stops cn-iilh*,   cures c«IHt,   heal*
is Ihfosl sad Usrfs.      •  •   •      '49 Mat* |
Whether the corn be of old or new
■rowth, it must yield to lloll.iway't
'oni Cure, the simplest aud host '-un
iflered to the public.
FREE!       FREE!!
FREE!!!
AA Tour Grocer for » Free Sample of
"CANAWELLA"
TEA
If yem euamet proeure than free Mmple
from bim, write to
The "Canawella" Tea Co., Winnipeg, Nan.
Giving your Greoer'a nun*, and we will see tint yon reeerre one.
.llOlJO'Jij II ulll|i|lil„it')'| OB THE    ISLANDER
Published   every  Saturday   at Cumberland,  B.C.,  by
Oemond T. Smithk,
Editor and Proprietor.
Advertising rates published elsewhere in the paper.
Subscription price |1.50 per year, payable in advance.
The editor does not hold, himself responsible Isr views nprewecl by
correspondents.
SATURDAY, JAN., 28,   1911.
What the Editor has to say.
The facilities afforded the citizens of Cumberland in the
matter of postal service and accomodations may be summed up
in one word—"damnable."
The unsatisfactory nature of our mail service, and the inconvenience to the public through the closing of the office lobbies on Sundays we have dealt with before repeatedly.
To-day we will deal with the local post office building.
The local post office, although a fine looking structure, is
so poorly fitted up, so far as the interior arrangements and fit'
tings are concerned as to suggest that these details had beer
left in the hands of some office boy of meagre intelligence to
attend to.
The boxes are so small that even the largest of them will
not hold a decent size mail and are far inferior to the old boxes;
the passage way in front of the boxes is far too narrow, while
the chute for posting parcels is so small that it is utterly impossible to post a parcel four inches in diameter through it.
This last inconvenience is a great one when it is considered that the post office is closed all day Sunday and there is no
outgoing mail till the following Tuesday.
When the interior fittings were being placed in position
it was found that the door leading from that portion of the
post office which the public are permitted to use, (when by
the grace of the Lord's Day Alliance they are permitted to
use any of it) to thatportion reserved for the use of the postmaster and his staff, couldn't be opened until one of the supporting
pillars of the building had been half cut down, and even now if
our genial postmaster were to develop a corporation he would
be compelled to enter the office through the back door.
It is not often that we feel called upon to criticise the actions of the McBride government, but we believe that their refusal to pass an enabling bill to set at rest all questions as to
Mr. Bates' qualification for the office of Mayor, aud to confirm
the peoples choice iii his seat requires some explanation.
Mr Bate is the peoples choice, and was elected by the
largest majority in the history of this city. He has the necessary property qualifications, but through a technicial error iu
the Registry office a mortgage against this property which was
paid off eight years ago was still registered against his land
through an error that was no fault of Mr. Bate's, and that gentleman lias had the release of that mortage in his possesion for
years, and since election day Mr. Bate has had no difficulty in
having this erroneous registration against his property removed from the books of the Land Registry Office.
The spirit of the law has beeu fully lived up to, and the
error is purely a technical one,
The law makes ample provision for the removal of technical errors of this kind aud the Government may, if they see tit,
rectify the error, and confirm the man who has suffered from il
iu his seat.
Why has this measure of justice to Mr. Bate not been me
ted out, and why have the wishes of the electors of this city
been ignored by the Government ?
The Government has in other cases, where the error was of
a much more glaring nature, not refused to set the matter
right, notably in the case of Ex-Mayor Barnard, of Victoria.
Surely tlie fact that Mr. Barnard was a Conservative of
considerable prominence, and with influential friends in the
Government is not a good reason for making fish of one and
flesh of the other.
A monster petition is being prepared and circulated iu
this city urging the Government to reconsider their position
and we believe that the Government would he well advised to
do so; to hand out justice to Mr. Bate, aud to allow the wishes
of the citizens to prevail.
An injustice of this kind is not quickly forgotten aud the
Government would do well to think twice before refusing once,
so reasonable a petition.
THE I8LA3DKK, COMBERLAND, B.C.
Cumberland gity Council
Statement fop the year 1911
Receipts.
Omit BulancB Brought
Forward (rout 1910 |3S3 90
Dog Tax
77.00
Drain Account
16.00
K«tt Account
298.60
Police OuuM
628.00
Ileal Retain Tax
3099.76
Komi Tax
662.00
Scale*
18.50
Seatenger
Trade licenses
1845.30
8097,50
Watchman
881.50
Sundries, Band Hall Rent     6.00
♦10857.95
Expenditure.
AdvertisingiAccount 163,50
Fuel 11.50
Drain Account, (Sewer Bve
La»t80i50)   S84.20.
Tool Account 19.72
Dog Tag* 8.25
Salaries
W. McLennan 1020.00
J.R.Oiny 960.00
W.Brown 720.00
OKrau.il 267 00
J. Abrams 800.00
A.M< Kinnon.Salary 360.00
Extra Grant. 1910 26.00   385,00
Election Account (Two
Elections) 79*0
Fire Protection Account 33.16
K>wl Tax—Refund 81.00
Real Estate—Refund 9.00
Health Account
Dr MiicNniighton 129.00
A.H.Peaccy 10.90 115.00
Hall Account 13.00
Scavenger Account
Newa fl.00
K.Ahe 16.00
CRTurbtll   31.70
82.70
Isolation Hospital
A.R.MoQunrrie       ■      168.10
Incorporation Account
P.P.Harriaon 66.00
Office Account 79.(6
Police Court Account
Witneniw«'Eipenies 15.00
WMcIrfiinan 80.30
F.P.Harrison 17.60   92.80
Loan Account 1000.00
Scrml Account 2696.09
Trade License -Refund 25.00
Light & Repair* 166.00
•Scale In*pector 1.00
Sidewalk A/c. 68 60
Interest A/c 279-15
Stable A/ct
B.Crawford 128.16
S.B.Wanl 81.91
Campbell Bros. 19.70
Sundries 71.11 281.25
Sundries-
A. Max well 180.00
P.P.Harrison 60.00
Insurance Premium 16. 0
Donation 21 May fund 25.00
C H.Tarbell 22.55
T.E.Bate 10.60
B.C Municipalities 10.00
Sundries 95.67       890.12
Balance in hand 381.11
Total
10867.95
ASSETS   ,
City Bldg. and Lots bra    2000.00
Central School f    10000.00
Fire Hall and appaaatus •         1000.00
Safe 250.00
Hort* Waggon A Cart 250.00
Isolation Hospital 600.00
Real Estate arrears 671.11
Scsvangcr 21.00
Mra Funk Sewer Repair), 31.25
Sewer Pipes on hand 277.62
11000.00
Are you
A   JEWELLER
If not
'
a
ilo is!
In either case you should be interested in this
CHANCE OF A  LIFETIME
901.71
11901.00
LI^.*BIXiITI*ES
Sewer Loan Unpaid 1000.00
Orerdnaft on Royal Bank 2000.00
CertBed as Correct
J T.E.iVlnier
City Auditor for 1910
3000.00
Beai&ell & Biscoe
REAL ESTATE AGENTS
 gomox. B.g.	
S^a frontages and farming: land for sale
FRUIT TREES
Not the Cheapest, but the Best
Catalogue Free
Vancouver Island Nursery Co.,
Ltd.
Somenos, V.I.
 «•'»•. m >»»—e)
Carrying a full line of the very best
glocks,
Watches
and Jewellery
Also a
BOOKSTORE IN CONNECTION WITH THE BUSINESS
The present owner is making lots
of money, but will sell at a sacrifice
on account of
AGE AND ILL HEALTH
Will sell on the buyers own terms
The building and lot are also for
sale cheap, or will rent on reasonable terms
Full particulars may be learned
by communicating with
••
M" The Islander Office
Cumberland, B.C. THK tStaaiKDBH CUMBERLAND. 11.0.
ti
THE BIG STORE
Stock Takin?
PRICES t
On Many Lines
This Store Will Be Closed
Tuesday, Jan. 31, Owing to
STOCK
TAKING
COME and SEE
VALUES
Simon Leisep
& 00. LTD.
E. O. ElfcOD-E
DISTRICT AGENT
..FOR..
The Russell
AUTOMOBILE
The only Car Made
in   America   with
the "Silent Knight
Valveless Engine,"
Also made ill valve
. . . style . . .
Cleveland, Brentford. Maeeey-Harrie, Perfect and Bine Flyer Blejr-
clei; Fairbanke Hone Oae Engines; alio the Moore Gasoline
Lighting Syitemi. Oliver Typewriter!. Repairing of all kind*.
Bicycles, Sewing Machines, Outu, etc.     Scissors and SlcaUs grown!.
Rubber Tint for Baby Carriage:    Hoops Jor Tubs
THIRD STREET, CUMBERLAND.
IF YOU ARE THINKING OF BUYING A
s
f
BUY A SINGER
The BEST Machine  on the Market
and sold on EASY TERMS	
JEPSON BROS., District Agenta, Nanaimo, B. 0
C. Stgrave, Local Rtprmntativt, Cumberland, B. C.
Qr. IR. BATES
Handles property of all kinds
Farms, Ranches, Fruit Lands
in the Upper Country for sale.
Insurance Agent & Conveyancer j2
te:-or    omrahoum
COURTENAY
p\/w> tvv\r >VW •V'W
lJ.it
I  I
"Leading Tobacco Kins."
Better known a*
"LONG WILLIE"
Dealer la Fruits, Cendy, Cigars
and Tobacco.
ta. Billiard Room in connection
If you wish to make your piano or
furniture appear just like new, try a
bottle ef Boyle's Piano and Furniture
Polish. It is an eiceptioually goix)
poiisb anil you will not use any oilier
after having tried it once. Ii is put
up iu 70c ami $1.25 ootllwt—For sale
by dies cVgraveat "the lelander" oflir
Onmlierland
P. PHILLIPS HARRISON
Barrister,   Solicitor   and
Notary Public.
-CORNER STORE
THIS IS THE WEATHER POR
Rubber Footwear
Gum Boots
IN KNEE, SPORTING and
HIP LENGTHS
J. N. McLEOD
THE
CUMBERLAND
= HOTEL =
W. MERRIFIELD, Prop.
The finest hotel in the city.
Grocers & Bakers
Dealen in all kinds of Oood
Wet Oooda
Best Bread and Beer in Town
Agenta for Pilsener Beer
H. M. Beadnell,
Comox, B. C.
<<Wht"»*>h'Na'^PI>a>%
Agent for E & N.
Lands
Comox District.
178.00 DOLLARS REWARD.
The shore will be paid to the person
giving information which leads to the
conviction of the party or parties who
shot and killed my mare cull on the nieht
ul Sept., 4>.h, in the fioinily of my S. E.
corner post. Address, J. Lawrence, Kjc
Bay, Comox, B. 0.
a^safas^zj&Ksxazac:
Mah Lee
Laundry
P. 0. BOX 294.
Satisfaction
Guaranteed
Near the Saw Mill
^Wa^r^^^/a^iVr''
6. Cloutier
GENERAL   BLACKSMITH
Horseshoeing a Specialty
Third Ave., Cumberland
C. H. TARBELL
Stoves and Ranges,
Builders Hardware, Outlery,
Paint, Varnishes, Arms and Ammunition, Sporting Goods,
etc.
AGENTS   FOR
The  McClary  Manufactuing Co.
Sherwin-Williams Paints
*8
SOLID : SOMFORT
•IS ASSURED-
if yon uie a LEOGETT SPRING, and a "RESTMORE"   MATTRESS.   We carry a fall line of BLANKETS, C0MF0RTEH8 aad
FLANNELETTE SHEETS, PILLOWS aad
PILLOW COVERS.
**»
The Furniture Store"
McPhee Block A.  McKINNON      Cumberland, B.O
Pilsener Beer
The product of Pure Malt and
Bohemian Hops
Absolutely no chemicals used
in its manufacture
sss Best on the Coast sss
Pilsener Brewing Co..    Cumberland. B.C.
ILi
Valentine Dance
Cumberland  Hall
February 14
UND^.R THE AUSPICES OP
THE PYTMIAN SISTERS
THE NEW ENGLAND HOTEL
JAMES WALTERS,
PROPRIETOR
THE POOREST OF WINES, LIQUOR & BEER
ALSO THE BEST OF CIGARS.	
DUNSMUIR AVENUE   :       :    CUMBERLAND, B. C. I
I
TIIK ISTiAKDER, CUMBERLAND. B.C.
\
Shooting Fains in
Side, Arras, Back
Prove tho Presence of Kucumutic Virus
Which ia Cured Quickest by
Norviline—Hub It Iu
Pains in i )■<■ an sel is, in I lie sides, ih,'
bo.-k, the iii'*-!. o, the chest—they nl
ways carry with i ti m greal discomfort,
If the Inflammation is severe the puiu
will ho h tens \ 1:' aliowo 1 to continue
ttiey ure dangerous. Nothing so quieklj
euros I'" U i Dammutioii and drives
aw:i\ pain as Norviline. Nervilioo does
this because it penetrates so deeply.
.Nfi'vtlii.o is not only powerful, but
soothing, Hy r> ii'." in ; in gostiuo ii
euros puln. It, does this ulways. It can
atii i.-iil boeauso it Is n true antidote for
pa.I.. You can scarcely Bad anybody
*,.i wiil not toll you wonderful tilings
nbout the paincuring power of Nerviliue. II mumber, that thore is nol nn
ache or pain that Norviline will uot cure
itnmodiuti ly. ' ■" ilino is an anchor of
health in ovcrv household.
Refuse - uytl ing i hat may bo offered
/du insl  \ ! Mi' Norviline, whieli is guar
aateed   for   rhnu
mutism, uouralgia,
Sciatica, Iumbago{
NERVILINE
CURES
RHEUM&TISM
id   all    muscular
ncltoB aud pains,
In  two sizes, 50e
Kingston, Out.
rilUBE LONDONS
DOMAN    London  lies buried  about
K    eh
hteen feet below the lovel of
oi' tho city thore have boen discovered
tessellated pavements, Roman tombs,
lamps, vases, sandals, keys, ornaments,
weapons, cuius, and statuos of the Roam u gods.
■ Whei . a little ovor n century ago,
deep sections were made for the sewers
in Lombard Street, tho lowest stratum
was found t< usisl of tessellated pavements. Many «> lore I dice wero lying
icattered about, and above this stratum
was n thick layer of wood ashes, sug-
getting tho debris ol charred woodeu
buildings.
'While building the Exchange tlie
workmen came 'upon a gravel pit full
of oyster shells, bones of cattle, old
dandals, nnd shattered pottery. Two
oavemi: ts were dug up under the
French church in Tbreadncedle street,
sin! othor pavements have been cut
through in several parts nt* the city.
The soil seems to have risen over Hitman
Louden at the rate of nearly a foot
a century, (jtlll further must the
lejsvrching dig to find tho third London,
the earlier London to the Britons.
. There is a point in success when tho
axiom, "look after tlit* pouco, and the
pounds will leek aftor themselves"
seniles to l"1 a golden rule,
* DISTINGUISHED society loader
A of New York, lately * returned
from a motor trip through France,
said that her nmst delightful experience
was hearing 'Mho frouch phonsants
singing the  Mayonnaise "'!
Or'NATOR LA FOLLETTE apropos
■O of certain scandals, said at a dinner in Madison:
"ThOSO things recall tho legislator
who romarkod to his wife with a look
of disgust:
" 'Ono of these land lobbyists has
approached mo to-day with another In-
Bult ihg propoBtti'onl'
'•The wife, ;, young and protty woman, clappod hor bands.
" 'Oh, good!' she cried. 'Then I can
have that sable stole after all—can't 1.
dear/' "
rHK late ROW Horatio Stobbins, i,f
San Francisco, was a man of large
mind and noble powers, but more
familiar with tho world of intellectual
and BchohiBtic interests than with trivial and timely things, His household
was blessed with a charming daughter
who grew up tall and beautiful, commanding the admiration of all who saw
her.
One day a visitor said to tho good
doctor:
"Doctor, your daughter grows moro
charming day by day, Why, she's a
regular Gibson girl."
"Ah, thank vou, thank yen." replied
the doctor in his best manner.
When the visitor had gone, turning
to his wife, tho doctor nsked:
"Who, my dear, mighl tho Gibsons
be
drew the prize?" said the pleased groc-
oi; for it waa getting to bo a dillicuii
thing to do.
*• why, I sent it to Mrs. Hash, around
on Board street."
"oh, thundering guns!" exclaimed
the grocer, his tone changed aud his
lace drawn in a pucker. "Why, you
blamed idiot, I board at that woman's
4 T  a   conference  a  young  minister
A.     said to Henry Ward Beochor!
'' M r. Beeiher, my congregation has delegated me to ask this question of you; We havo in our congregation one of tho purest and most lovable men you ever saw. He is upright,
honest, generous, tho heartiest supporter
of tlm church we have—the friend of
tho poor, tlm beloved of tho little children—a veritable saint; but he does
not believe in some of the generally
accepted dogmas. Now, where do vou
think.ho will.gu after deatli?"
Mr. Beechor was equal to the occasion,    Hesitating a moment, he said:
"I never dare say where any man
will ro after death, but wherever this
man goes he cert a in I v has mv besl
wishes!"
\   nANDSOME won
r\     so   unfortunate
Bion for divorci
1  husbands,   was
who had boon
to find ccca-
dng not one, but
s returning from
she happened to
id, for whom, by
had entertained a
sovc
Nevada.    In  Ch
.Med.   her  lirst   I
the way, she ah 	
real affection.
"Upon my soul, if it isn't Charlie!"
exclaimed tho ex-wife, cordially slinking the hand of Ihe gentleman whose
name she formerly had borne. "' I 'm
awfully glad to see you, Charlie!"
Then, after an expression of wistful
regret had como to nnd been banished
from her countenance, she added:
"Old chap, I've often wondered
whore yon wore and what you wore doing, It was too bad we didn't get on
better together.   J hope your exper'
become the property of C. K. G. Bil- States, the average annual salary foi
'lags,    the   jjhicago    millionaire, ami!all denominations being but $063.
The denomination showing the high
wuer of Lou Dillon (l.S8}i)'. Ed.
Goers, who.drove Dudie Archdnle whon
that mare was beaten by Joan, says
that the latter was stepping a 1.50 gait
when she passed his mount in tho
Btretch. Joan is surely ''some" trotter.
Margin (2.05%)> who won the M, ami
Jl. at Detroit in 1000 and was the leading money winning trotter of that year,
is now owned by M. Lamina, iu Italy.
She arrived at Bologna recently, and
will start iu a race at Milan this month.
If the mare is (It it will take more thau
an ordinary trotter to measure strides
with her, as she has any amount of endurance, which would make her a good
handicap proposition,
Captain David Shaw of Cleveland.
Ohio, paid just $1,000 for Grace (2.Q8),
the three-year old filly that won the
Kentucky Futurity, and in doing so
took the measure of Colorado E.
(8.04%). The captain will surely have
no reason to regret tlie invest ment,
for the lilly won hint ten times the
purchase price, and is now worth many
thousands of dollars in the open market.
The 1010 campaign Of The Abbo, 2.0ff,
owned by the tdoul Stock Farm, East
Aurora, N.Y., will go down in turf his-
ee't average pay for its ministers is th<
(Juitoriau, with $1,0^3 per year. Next
in order of average salaries paid comes
the Protestant Episcopal, next the Universalis!, next the Jewish, next tho
Presbyterian, next the Reformed
Church, next the Cougregatlouulist, and
next, the Catholic Church.
'there are 18G religious denominations
in the United States, of which lo have
no regular ministry ami (i"> pay no regular or lixed salary to thoir ministers.
With the single excepliou of the Catholic (..(lurch, city ministers receive
much higher salaries than those whoso
work lies in rural communities. In the
Catholic ( Imrch, the salaries are fixed
by the diocese, and those ministers wit
are assigned to country churches re
ceive, on an average, as good salaries
as those iu city ohurcbcfl.
CAVES REVEALED BY RAILWAY
TUNNELS i^—_«—i^_m-
„_,....   .. ,, ,ift itorv as a most  remarkable ono.    Ihe
vnn  oil tho envea aud rocMasoros Bon' rf n,im„a_N,lll(. Ki,    W(„, ,.,,,..
Vi   are opon to tlie air.   Many are       t   , w ,.,,.;       «  h| tllillv
completely    hidden    away   in   the!.        , ..>..-« «
depths of mountain ranges, some to remain unknown, doubtless, while this old
earth shall last; others lo be suddenly
brought to light by man in some of his
puny diggings. The excavations for
mini's and for railways occasionally
moot with them. An adventure of this
kind recently reported from Italy is
I litis described bv a writer in La Nature (Paris).
"On a new railroad lino to connect
Home and .Naples a tunnel to bo four
and a half miles long is being driven
under Mount Orsoj near Sounino. On
May II last, at about a mile nnd a half
from tho northern entrance (on tho Human side) a hlu-i in the advance gallery suddenly opened a passage into .a
huge natural pit. Severn! of the workmen . narrowly escaped falling into it.
It is a deep rift, somewhat inclined and
apparently descending to see loud. It
is about 200 feet wide and the gallery
meets it somewhat on one side. Fissures abound in the rocks of Mount Orso
and other similar encounters are to be
feared.
"This is not the first case of the
kind; the Speedwell initio iu Derbyshire,
England, intersected in the same way
a rift 300 feet deep; under tho. Larzac
Mountain the railroad from Tourenine
to Vigau crosses wide fissures; tWo'tun-
nels  between  Brlvo  and  Cahors  have
hasn't been as unpleasant as mine!    t j brok(in illt0 :U1(] other GXttmple8
am  just (s,ck   and   tired   of   marrying|ur{J uot ^   wiKlt is rather surprising
str
K was a pompous Xew Yorker,
ami when he struck Indianapolis
with his line, of talk he was ono
of the greatest men who ever crossed
the Allegbeuies.
" Why." ho sputtered, "you folks
out hero are 'way behind the times.
In  my town  wo  have  everything that
s that this does not happen oftener in
fissured regions and among limestone rocks tarversed by subterranean
streams.
"The size of tin jrount Ors> fissure
will prohably interfere considerably
with the work; it will he necessary tn
go around the cavity in order to work
on the other side. There is talk of (tiling up the hole itself, but it would be
nakes life worth living.   We Have our, .,„- ^   , ,0 a   i( b{ ]mi     it
)r>era, wo havo our clever men, we have|,irti,.i,0 ,„ „.,,i „„f ,„lwl<i,rt„ ,i..„.„ ......
our wonderful buildings, we have th
Atlantic Ocean, wo havo progress, civil
Uatlon, lovely women, manly men, be
and beautiful restaurants,
pths to find out whether there may
not bo direct or indirect connection
with some underground watercourse.  If
hents in 2,\2, t!.l2, B ^^^^^^^^^
I'.. R. Hepburn, the "steamboat
King," of I'icton, and owner of a select stablo of trotters and pacers (hat
hnvo been campaigned by that capable
reinsmnu, Md. FIcrrington, V.S., has
mated his crack pacing mare, Doris B..
2.05'Jij, with Direct Hal, 2.04*4, and tho
result ot the mating should be produe-
tivo of tho best results, as Direct Hal
is already a successful sire, and Doris B.
a higbclass mare. 'IV latter holds the
world's record for throe heats on a half-
mile track on ice, made at Afoul real,
winter before last, when she beat Merry
Widow and paced in 2.15, 2.H'J4, 2.15, a
record that will stand for many moons
without doubt.
Knipiirer is informed that the fastest
Canadian bred pacer is Angus Pointer,
2.01-Ti (dead). The fastest Canadian-
owned pacer is The Eel 2.02V, (stallion). Darkey Hal, 2.02*', (mare).
Darkey Hall is tho fastest pacing mare
ever foaled in Canada. Went worth,
2.04%, is the fastest trotter foaled in
Canada.
INKS AND FORGERY
Knowledge,   .Mr.   Ainsworth   Mit-
A SAFETY ENVELOPE
VN ingenious Fronchman has perfected an envelope that is said to bo
igaiust   the   thief
ipens a [oil
.1"
tin
to extract
 m
eddler  wli
or to read ils contents,
The French contrivance*is really two
envelopes.     Kneh  is of thin  pap..,  . . .,  ,,. . ,.
a pronounced blue, the other lighter in ! n.v M«nodJ tor all diseases of the st
color and  diiVore.tt  iu  texture.    Both!"<>"» Hvpr and bowels. Sold in 25o boXM,
havo gummed flaps, .;i"  dealers,  or  The Qatarrhoisone  <
Cured Constipation Quickly
Tells of a Remedy  That is Safe  t'os
Young and Old, for Ail Stomach
and Bowel Troubles
Writing from his homo ia HurueUma.
Mr. Frederick (!. Mayer Btateu "I
think no oue ever suifered as severely
from constipation ns I did for uearlf
>ix months. So many serious symptoms
were developing as a consequence mi
this evil condition of the system, that I
realized I must find a remedy. The
strong pills of various kinds I tried
seemed ufter their first elTocts wore over
lo make me far worse aad I did not
know which way to turn for relief. 1
saw Dr. Hamilton's Pills advert-inef.
and the first box used satisfied me I had
found a true remedy. Instead of griping
by undue activity, Dr. Hamilton's I'ilh.
acted as naturally as if physic had not
been taken, I never had to Increase the
dose, and, indeed, within a month I re
duced it, and when the system finally
acted of its own accord as a rewlt of
Dr. Hamilton's I'ills, I took a dose
twice a week only, just to make mire
the old condition would not coiuc
back."
No other remedy euros constipation
and biliousness so easily or safely ju |)r.
Hamilton's i'ills; they are an Ideal fan-
The loiter is first placed iu the bin
envelope, which is slightly smaller than
the other. Instead of being sealed, this
is placed iu the outer envelope and the
inner flap is brought outside and gummed down upon the larger envelope.
Tho ouler llap is sfill unsealed. Il
is much larger than tho inner flap and
reaches down to a good-slzod star
shaped opening, which shows through
to the inner envelope, so that when t.he
outer flap is sealed it sticks not1 only
to tlie outer envelope, but also through
this opening to the inner one. The tot-
tor is thus practically locked and
double locked.
f which In- won thirl v-ono
losing tho lirst heal of the Chamber
of Commerce al Detroit, to Evelyu W.
2,02'Ji, who beat him by a short head
In the lasl stride in 2.05t/i, The average
time of The  Abbe's heats  is 2.(>7;ii.
Hss II. Kay, 2.02M, is also owned by
the Ideal Stock Fiirm, which makes a
pair good enough to.draw to.
Percy Burnhatn has upset all calculations with the chestnut pacer. St, An-
thonv, that wintered at Ditxerin Park
last year. While there the local horsemen'regarded Ihe unsoxfed sou of Bourbon Pntcbor somewhat of a "lemon,"
l.ul Percy fooled them all, for the little
chestnut pacer has won a good many
races during the season just closed, tho
last being at Brockton; Mass., where he
won  tin- 2.12 pneo  ($500), ia straight
birds. A German naturalist h...
lately broken a lance iu defence of the
cuckoo's character, or. rather, gives the
reasons for Ihe hint's strange  habit.
Owing to tlie unusually large stomach
of (his bird, it appears, she has not
room in the rest of her body fo develop
moro fhan one egg at a time, with a
week's interval between each. If she
laid her eggs with such long pauses between iu one family nest there would
result a confusion of hatched, hatching
and embryo progeny that would mean
disaster to all.
She could not herself attend to moro
thau one nest at a lime. Consequently,
she is forced to exact maternal care for
her eggs from other birds.
THE CUCKOO'S WAY
n^irr'   cuckoo,   as   ovorybody   knows,
1      lays her eg^s in the nests of other
■ cartel's Feeler:::
JEVOITEBW fim ~\'£ STANDARD
frewa itie I *. fi reooiuoifcinled t»r ivothi-h*1* ail-
ite.in. ■- mient'fieal!y oternred rented/ uf proven
*ortli. Tic ra--ni!L- from their una are quick ami
permanent,   Por i-nie at a!I ilrUK store*.
Tht one remedy that positively cures
VARICOSE VEINS
b end other dlseaaei affecting the »plnj,
.(!U>rs lulil ,1. E. Oaki*. or U Pi*rl BUSpMnnfleLd,
_*w . lieu hi> rhiM hare an oiwmtion. !!•■ (.■■,.:■ 1
vuik   AHHOKItlXK, JR., ant toon  nu  com*
•lettlr fiiiv.l hi* imii no reuirn of Um trouble. Mn-i,
llitllfiillc, '•it^ftinl "Hi[.!'i'atnn: pOHU»rlj ti^riiileM.
Ermuvrt (i.)iiri', Wpt«,Tniimm, Vnrltior*!*, Myilrorrle,
iti'-jn a |ilf«-4iinn.i'iiirr llouk it »iirttcuLltnutilnl- fn-e.
llJJO-4 rtt., &00-1I oa. UiUle at dnigKliU ot diliviniL
1. f. tT|,,f'-. P D. F.,?n TirnpllSt.Ssrincnild. HlM.
LYaUKl, Ur1„ NMlrMl, r^aialhai  l|>ai,
itt* f.,r.|.h«l  hj   *H1iri\    IIII.K A   RTIl.1!!  1(1.,   HrUflliva;!
nn Mvrnnti. iikiu a i iimiru <o. «i„,i,„ « (lj.
gwr i —* UUtoJUUHM bltufl. Uk, UiL, Iimn»
ji!.   v.,-   :,   pompous   Xew   Yorker, I stonP ro(l!is "tarversed by subterrnnottu I.. V;"'!,-"?^™! 1V«.^,r°ii ' Vn™?0!^^?"/ I    B^l» "refulto choose the awt; of
ti   ami when be struck [ndinnapolis|stroams. l„Ki?,a?;-^ pi£e_r ',s A?gu*J;Pointer,|a worm. ,ul(J ii1Sect-onting bird, prefer
ably one in whose ineiiu ea(erpillarn of.
ten appear, the hairier and bigger tho
better.
Nature Hoenis to do everything in her
power to encourage the cuckoo in her
apparently   shiftless,   lazy   ways.    Siie
has   no  natural  gift   for nest-building,
but lays her eggs on the ground, seizes
them   in   her  bill,   and   drops   them   by
stealth into pome unsuspecting neigli-
such a   How exists,  its erosivel'adio7/^ \d!X Although   the   cuckoo   is
. .        , T1      ..would   sooner  or   later   undermine   t'hel        recently  gave   evidence  in  a   easel*0"1  t,mM  Ils  W  a8-the   i:nk'  her
plendor of whielijbe poets could not|flnil)g( ffhjch might (1Jlve in am] Cfluse  ,|0.,|i!lf, witll ;[ j>org0(i „.[]!_ !mg ., s(ri]t.
a serious ac.cident. In any case, this ing article on inks. Incidentally he
event shows once more the necessity of lots his renders into the secret as to
a thorough exploration of the ground tlio tests which he applies in order to
where possible, before building a tun-j discover the age of any particular piece
nol; tho Simplon and the Lotschbei'g of writing. If it is shown that the
have already proved this. This preenu- iuk on a document purporting to bo
tion will be particularly necessary In drawn up, say, ten years ago. is renlly
the crossiug of the dura range, if tlic|quite fresh, then thero is every ell
plan oi' constructing a long tunnel titer
is to be carried out."
who
scribed.    Marvellous summer
Borts,  where  a  gay  galaxy  of  merry-
makers cavort and make the night light
with their jests and laughter; we have
the   mighty   captains   of   flnanci
direct  the Uation's resources."
The grizzled old street cleaner, who 1
was listening to his airy persiflage, paid
heed for a few moments, then he said:
"You may have all that, but they's
■ ee thing you ain't uot: You ain't got
io liternchoor, and that's whore ns out
icro in   ludianny   is strong!"
eggs are as small   as   those   of   many
varieties of small  birds.
The young eucJtoo has a natural depression in its bad; that acts as n convenient kind of ladle for turning out
tho luckless fledglings' into the cold
world. The cuckoo, being so much larger than the other birds, (ills the nest
with its own bulk ami is forced too lopl
Kingston, Out.
shiived up, only to perish them. The
tragedy of this pair was pitiable. Although the islanders called them "the
king ami queen of the auks." the female, and before long a fisherman shot.
ting on her precious egg. The disconsolate male went away. (Irest auks
were scarce even then, and when lie returned the next, year it was without any
mate, and before long a Bshorman sht)t
him. Eight years or so later one great
auk was taken alive on a small I aland
near St. Kilda, and ii is believed iliat
| in 1840 another was captured and killed as being the cause of a tempest, Tn
Iceland, or near the coast line, a few
remained until 1844, when whal appear
lo ihavo been the Inst two on earth
wero taken alive on Oeirfngla-skor, a
rocky skerry  near  lteikjanes.
Thus perished a race of birds ho ill
adapted to self ■preservation that oo
Punk Island. Newfoundland, many
years ago, sailors used to drive tucm
into pounds like so many sheep. Meanwhile the record price of a great ank'p
egg stands at throe hundred guineas—
about fifteen hundred dollars. There
are only seventy or seventy-five ogfli
known, and they aro worth, .ill told,
just about that many thousand dollars.
The skins and mounted specimens in rm
tstenco are eighty in number.
ioi.|iiii.e tresn   then there is every cliancp | thwe'drnatic TneiiauroV TMB^nct^of^wfi-
ro  flmt   *V      ,'?1        I   ■   !   K-  t"    A"! Preservation accomplished, the cuckoo's
IS iilSi    ni.Li.3 ill " J"L !11 ')'l.cl( assumes the comely symmetry of
E1
TOBACCO   HABIT
Dr UiTc.'i"', (ol i i'u remedy roiuorui
«it iJi'Hlre fm itie weed In n few dnys. A
regetuldn n • dh h ■■   m it nitty  ri qi  n - n m Ii
Ine   IIIn   leiigin"   w lili   n    iilon illy      I'rlro
»-.- oo
LIQUOR   HABIT
Unrrall 11 n mlti from • iVIi •   Ii i moily fur
thf  I'iiuit haliit.   Bnfe end   Incxin'imlfo liume
Iti nu      i*  un byi    i h |e< I ii    ■.  un pub
llpltj, M* in*, in' ilinn from butltmhs, md «
iuh> ."■ ii »ntei d
kild [>m   m   cm ml i>-    HcToggart,   :;»
Y *m. - itroot, Toronto, Canada!
. (RamxXJUJrneeA
Dominion Express
Money Orders and
Foreign Drafts
PAYABLE   ALL   OVER   THE
WORLD
If loat or dotMyad In th* malls n
r«fund will ba promDtl/armngod,
•r a niw ordar Issuvri without
_ furthar ehargo.
TRAVELLERS' CHEQUES ISSUED
Money sent by Telegraph and
Cablo to all Principal Cities
Aoanclos Locntnd In all
C.P.R. Stations
^UQENE WALTER, the playwright,
told at a dinner the story about
a Now York  critic.
He is very brilliant (Mr. Walter
said). As he and I were taking supper
at the Cafe Martin one night, a pass,
in;; playwright glarod terribly at him.
"Why is Playwright Dash so down
on me, 1  wonderf" said the critic,
"oh," said T, with a Iniigli, "yon
know well enough why he's down r/n
yon. Von wrote last'month tlmt the
plot of It Ih now piny was no good."
"Well, said the critic, "why should
he mind that? I said at the t.iiae it
wasii 't his plot, "
TAPE PENCE, who was once a West-
J iin congressman, Baya that at a
meeting of President Tail's calii-
i id a constitutional question arose, Mr.
Taft called his secretary and ashed for
I' the United States constitution, The secretary made a search, ia
vain. An assistant secretary was summoned.   He, too, hunted without result.
"Why .there must lie n copy somewhere- In the Wh'to Ft nu m* I" exclaimed
the  PP'siden.l
"Certainly," said -Tames Wilson, who
had heen r cabinet member underthreo
administrations. ' * I remember consult'
i:iuf It- h't me .se.-. when was thnt,'"
Mr. Wilson paused, ns if trying to
recall the dim pi-'.
'• \h," he continued at last, "1 seem
tn rccnllect thai il  was In th
Mr.  .McKinlev."
The Horseman
TUK three-year-olds George Todd, Sue
I),, and Anvil, who finished behind
' Colorado E. when the latter trot-
tod his sensational mile at Lexington
in 2.04%) are said to have all beaten
'J.0d:!i, which makes a quartet of very
high-class three-year-olds. The world's
record for trotters of that age wns
'-J.niivi when the season opened, nnd the
i'aet that so many youngsters can step
that fast makes it look like the trotter
is in the ascendency for sure. '
The wonderful performance'of Colorado E, doubtless will he equalled, and
probably surpassed, in tho years to
como, Imt it is almost inconceivable
to horsemen who watched the son of
The Bondsman trot to the new record,
and especially when it is taken into
consideration that tho season's greatest
four year old mare and record holder.
Joan, did not lower Colorado E, 's
record.   Joan, by the way, is likely to
HEAVY DRINKERS
TOTAL ABSTAINERS
s Dr.
A recent visitor to Wihnif
McTnggurt, 7fi Vongc street, Toronto,
lie is a duly qualified practitioner and
absolutely guarantees to cure the worst
case of dipsomania and the tobacco
lays of habit. Ur. McTaognrt is known from
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^M the  Aliunde  m th-   I ■-
fnctnr to the human race.   Manv iniuis-
C1 lIAIfl.OTTI''  i< five years old, And Ucrs, not iu Canada alone, hut i'n m,
j     one  day  she   went   for, a  walk jotbor countri
along ihe bench with her mother
und grandfather. She toddled along
brnvoly for a while, then, sidling up to
her grandfather, Bnuggled her little
hand in his. and, looking up into'his
face. Buld, with a  sweet smile:
"Ornndpa, Ts awfully tired, hut I's
walking right along not saying a word."
Q AY, I'oss, T worked off some of that
O    cold storage butter today," said
the new clerk, with the air of one
who expected a compliment,
" Indeed,   well,   that's   gr/od.      Who
An Easy Pill to Take.—Some persons
have repugnance to pills because of
f heir nnosontiti % t a -t o. Parmelee 's
Vogotable Pills are so prepared as to
make them agroeablp to the most fns
t idioilfl,     The most  delicate   can   take
it i without feeling the revulsion that
follows the t tklng of ordinary pills,
This h one reason for the popularity of
these celebrated pills, but tho main reason is their highly tnnieal quality as a
medicine for the stomueh.
are treating drunkards
ho come under thoir notice with Or.
McTnggart *s course, and are all the
writing to the doctor and report
ing euros. Dr. McTiiggurt has refer
s of the very highest order. Ile has
had his main office in the Janes Build-
ng, on Yonge Street, for the past eight
years. He has also an office in London.
Of Into years ho has given up his modi
cut practice to a large extent and devoted himself to the liquor itnd tobneeo
euros. He litis been selling his treat
ments for the past thirteen years. Let-
tors reporting cures ure legion and
those reporting failures are few and
far Ind ween. The former letters would
make interesting rending, Thoy come
from all over the world. Some wero
written iu pencil; some iu ink with n
scratchy pen; some oil the cheapest of
paper; some on the best of paper with
monograms embossed; some in scrawling, ungainly typo; some showing the
scholnr; some showing Hie laborer;
some wilh nonrly nil the words misspelt; some in the dainty handwriting
of ;i woman; in fact nil manner of
letters.
be helpful. Blue black ink may be re
Icognised ns fresh up to the sixth a\i\y,
and in after years its age may be told
when the blue provisional pigment has
faded and left only the black. The
blue coloring as time goes on is hardly
aeted upon by reagents, hut for a year
or two it is. In fad, wilting done
within that time will nt once diffuse it'
treated with a fifty per cent, solution
of acetic acid, whereas when it is five
or six years old. diffusion, if it takes
place at all, is very slow and limited in
extent.
A still more useful reagent is n saturated solution of oxalic acid which causes the pigment, of relatively fresh writing to give an immediate smudge, but
has very little if any effect on writing
six or eight years old.
The first occasion on which chemical
evidence ns to tho ago of an Ink b-is
Iflron given in tho law courts wus in I lie
recent forgery ease referred to above,
in which Colonel I'ihdier wus accused
of forging his cousin's will.
This will wns alleged to have been
written in 1898; and assuming this to
have been the ease, the ink should have
only react,-,I very slowly with the different reagents; there should have been i
little or no diffusion with oxalic aeid;
and if any slight diffusion occurred this
should only hnvo been upon the surface
f the letters.
The   ink-   en   tho   will,   however,   gave
an immediate reaction with the different!
it,] diffused al once wilh tho
oxalic acid, and d illusion extended
throughout the whole of the loiters.
There wus tins no doubt ns to the ink
upon the will having heen written wilh-
tho Inst viae or two, nnd eertninly
within  the lust   --ix years.
Checks written by the deceased lady
luring tho lust thirteen yenrs wore also
subjected simultaneously to tho sumo
test's, und it was found that the ink
ujion those written in 1903 gave only
:i faint diffusion with oxalic ncid in
the henviost writing, white no diffusion
'it nil wus obtained upon the cheeks
written in 1901.
Tho correctness of 1 he conclusions
dntwn from these results wns borne rait
by the confession of the prisoner, who,
in the middle of the trial, pleaded guilty to having uttered the will knowing
it to be a forgery, though ho denied all
knowledge of how it came to be forged.
THE SALARIES OF CLERGYMEN
Frill men of more than average odn
ration and  intelligence, ministers
of the gospel receive smaller salaries than any other class in the United
Shilofis Cure
aalcWIv ilopi co-idbi,  curea caMi, h»aU
M throat ■*■ lunrfa.      •  •   ■      gfl -
A YOUNG storekeeper who \U fmst
ed the previous day was at 4taY
dent about meeting liis creditor!
that he gave his wife tho following
instructions:
" Now, Marie, if anyone rings vh
answer the door and 'toll them t4at
I'm not in.    I 'II hide."
Nor hud he long to wait until n load
jangling of the bell assured him that
mi  irate creditor stood nt the door.
It   wns  only  a   reporter, hofrover.
"I wish to speak to your husband."
''Hut ho isn't in,'' protested tie
woman.
"Well. I understand," said the re
poiter, getting out his notebook and
pencil, "that ho is insolvent."
"fih, yes," cried the wife, a happy
Inspiration seizing hor, "he went ovw
there on the 2,40 train yesterday, and I
don't expect, him hack until to ni»r
row!''
BRITISH HALL MARFS
BRITISH   "hall  murks," whin;
fixed by law and may not, i
back assumes the comely symmetry ofl fore, vary, are those -igns placed
Inter life. I upon   gold  or  silver articles  niauiifsc
a  ar«
I may not, tfie.r*
nd
The adopted parent does not seen;
to notice or resont this behavior in the
least, hut coddles and tends Hie inter*-
lopertill it has reached Ihe age of discretion and pays no further attention
to her discarded young. The cuckoo's
migration is arranged ^'"' ;i* ;i much
earlier date than others of tho feathcr-'|
ed world, an engagement that she could
not keep if domestic cares detained her.
THE LAST OREAT AUK
ALTIKH'GH it is as long ago as 1844
that the last great auk was s^nu
alive, and the peculiar bird is set
down as extinct, there is still a faint
hope that somewhere in (he cold regions
it may be making a final Btftnd for existence.' The great auk, or "gare-fowl,"
wus a strange rover after its ranks
wero diminished, by wholesale slaughter
It disappeared from the Orkneys for a
full century, and then, in  1813, a pair
ShiJohs Cure
■ulckly atopa co^rfha,  carca i>oH«, heala
3m ihi—t aar*'    7
tared in the t.Tnited Pingdom, whereby
the place of manufacture is indicated
to everyone. These marks should nai
lie confounded with the murk "starling," which means much or little, &c
cording to the notion of the maker lhat
uses ii.
The hall mark for London in a leopard's head; it is a castle nnd lion for
Edinburgh; a tree nnd salmon, wilh a
bell, for Glasgow; nn anchor for Bir-
mingham; throe castles for NowsncHe;
a dagger or three wheat sheave* for
Chester; a castle with two wings for
Kxeter; a crown for Sheffield; Ire lion*
and a cross for York; aud the figure of
llilierniu   for   Dublin.
a41 uud*.
The Bowels Must Act Healthily—la
most ailments the first care of the modi
cnl man is to see that tho bowels ure
open and fully performing their func
tions. Pormeiee's Vegetaule Pills nrf
so compounded, that, eerlaiu fngredioutfl
in them net on the bowels solely uud
thoy are the vory best medicine avail
able to produce healtay actioa of thi
j bowels, Indeed, there is no othor up*
]cillc so serviceable in keeping Ihe digw*
[ tive organs in healthful action.
THfc'famous
RdMb
The Rayo Lamp Is • hlrh (trade lamp, aold at a low price,
Th.** a-. I»mn. ih„ cut agon, b«l th.ra la nn b«tter lump m».1, al an,
»rt»a. Omaratait of aolM briaa.t »Mral ■Uiail~ea,ll, kapi rfaan: aa
Waamanl tn ... roam la .ny l,oa,a, Tb.ra la nothfn* ka*>w« to tha a.rl
of Uitin.-iiatlni that ran ..Id to tha .a'ne nf tha RAYO lamp aa a Haht.
Kl»jn« iwriaa. ItTwr, daalar e.ar,whare. If not nt jonra, writ* forda-
ncriptlra oImoI.t to tha n,ar«,t n«onr» of
The Imperial Oil Company, Limited.
mmmmeBmtm
FOR THAT NEW HOUSE
Sacked: Piaster Boaro
The Empire Brands of  Wall Piaster
IHHW'ACn.'linil <1M.1 BY
The Manitoba Gypsum Co., Limited
naia, : ^x^^muii.zm^mxM»xmKXi
una3rimvtJMza&!^xe&r.y*j,ii:
m TOE ISLANDER. CTMBEKLAND, B.C
n f.
V
{
The King and His Court
w
HRN their Majesties were at "Balmoral, they had under consideration a number of alterations in
tun existing regulations of the Court,
aotue of which nave eotno already into
effect, though others will not come into
opor.il ion until tlie Court in iu residence
at Baekingham Palace. Ono. of the
. most important of the now regulations
ia oae by which tho tour chief officials
of tho 'Household, namely, the Lord
Chamberlain, the Master of the Uouae
hold, tho Master of the Horse, and
the" Lord steward) will meet ut regular
periods to confer on the working of
their respective departments, and to
settle questions which are constantly
arising between them.
Under the old regime, when the work
<»f, suy, the Master of the Horse's department brought thut official into con
flict with the Lord Chamberlain's de
part ment, etiquette forbade a mooting
of the two officials, nod the question at
issue between thorn was referred to the
King's secretary for liis Majesty's in-
struejdons on the matter.
When Lord Farquhnr was reorganizing the lute King's Household, he proposed such a scheme ns has now been
adopted, but, for various reasons, it
wus never carried out, The new nr
raugemont will not only relieve the
King's private secretaries of a great
deal of unnecessary work, but will much
expedite the work of the departments
roncernod.
The number of Equerries and Lords
In-Waiting In residence is to bo reduced, but the number of non-resident
Equerries who are put on tho list in
potation every fortnight for attendance
at I Ur Palace will bo increased. This
regulation will make for economy without putting any extra work on tho officials affected 'by it.
Tho presence of the Mistress of the
Robes M Court will be required far more
constantly titan was tho rase In the last
few years of King Kdwurd's reign,
when Queen Alexandra only required
the presence of her Mistress of the
Bobefl on occasions of great state cere
mouyj and many of tho duties attaching
to her office were, as a mutter of fact.,
performed by  Miss Knellys.
It is the wish of both King George
and Queen Mary that the Mistress of
the Robes should resume chief control of
ber Majesty's Household, and, in consequence, the Duchess of Devonshire will
bo a great deal at Court. When the
Court1 is at Windsor Castle, her (.trace
■will he in residence; but when her Ma
[csty is at Buckingham Palace, the
Durhess will, of course, reside at Devon-
-dure House.
The Maids of Honor will in future be
notified by the Mistress of the Robes
when their attendance at Court ia ro-
<wired, und when tho Court ib at Wiud-
sor, ono of the Maids will always bo
required to be ia attendance.
Queen Mary intends to revert to the
old custom of giving a dowry of £1,000
to a Maid of Honor when she- marries,
but against this, her pay will bo reduced
by a hundred a your. Queen Alexandra
raised the pay of her Maids of Honor
by .t hundred a year, but stopped tho
dowry money.
In the new reign the "Maids" will
receive three hundred a year each in
stead of four.
Queen Alexandra had only four Maids
of Honor, whilst Queen Victoria hail
ten. Quoen Mary will probably appoint
ii.x. but not more than two will be in
attendance at the same time. Her Majesty will present each of her Maids
with a gold nud pearl locket which the
Maid must always wear when she is in
attendance.
Several new regulations are ponding
in connection with tho work of the
Lord Chamberlain's department, Ono of
the most important; of these deals with
the granting to societies and institutions the right to use the prefix "Royal." All institutions which are properly entitled to use the prefix aro registered in the books at the Lord Chamberlain's otliee, but a grout mnny use
it who are not entitled tu do so, for the
siuiplo reason that it acts as a great
kelp iu obtaining Bubscrlptioue. Except
In ou« or two glaring instaneeb of misappropriation of tlie prefix, no trouble was
taken in the late reign to investigate
the rights of any society or. institution
tn style itself "Royal," and numbers
of societies availed themselves of this
state of affairs to do so without proper
latkority, but under the new regulations
they will no longer be able to do so;
already one Institution has been peremptorily ordered to cease designating
K^elf "Royal," and, as a result, several
others, not entitled to use the prefix,
bnva voluntarily dropped it.
lu one euse that recently uatne to
light, it wns nscertainod that a Society
which existed practically for pushing
the sale of a certain American patent
medicine described itself ns "Royal"
on its circulars, though it carefully refrained from doing so mure openly. In
future, no society not registered as
"Royal" will be nllowed to designate
itself ns such, and the privilege to use
the prefix will not bo nt all so readily
•mated as heretofore, as hia Majesty
has boon long of opinion that il is one
which has been always too easily se-
Sured, Of course, the right to designate
itself "Koyal'' will not bo withdrawn
froai any institution which is properly
entitled to do so.
In the same way, the claims of Royal
Warrant holders will be investigated
with equal care. There are a number
of peoplo claiming to be Royal War
rant holders who are not, though thoy or
their predecessors in business may have
beeu at. one time. All the Royal War
rants to tradespeople expire antomati
eally at tho death of tlie Sovereign, and
thero is no obligation whatever oa the
port of the new Sovereign to renew
thorn. v
In the late reign little attention was
given to seeing that the Royal Warrants
were renewed, and a large number of
tradespeople continued to describe them
selves as warrant holders who never
applied for permission to do so.
Shi/ohs Cure
•ulr'fly atops coidbst  vuraa calrlt,  k*ala
ftVa Uwoal aad laafr.      ■  •  •     8A
The registered lists of the Royal Warrant holders will now be carefully investigated und will be personally examined by the King, There is no question
that there are many bogus Royal Warrant holders, and it is a mutter of much
importance, both to the public aud to
the genuine warrant holders, that the
matter should be carefully investigated.
Iu the matter, by the way, of the
disposal of orders King George will not
lie by any means so liberal us wus his
fat her.
The Royal Victorian Order nud the
Imperial .Service Order were so froelv
llatrlbutod iu ihe late rplgn thut they
ceased to bo vory highly valued, and in
more than one instance the Victorian
Order wns refused.
Under the new regime, mediocrities
need not expect to be decorated because
they chanco to be Intimate, or huve lu-
tlueuce with a friend of tho Sovereign.
JUDGING WORKMEN BY THEIR
HANDS
IT is possible to tell a good from a
poor workman simply by observing
his hands; so we nro told with confidence by George K. liarrctt, who
writes in Factory (Chicago, December).
Mr. Barrett assures us fruit ho is no
believer in palmistry, neither does he
iduim thnt a man with a "good hand"
will possess skill without training. He
does assert, however, thut the mail who
hires men may judge something of their
capabilities by observing their hands,
and ho tells us that this conclusion is
based on twenty years' experience.
Says Mr. TJarrott:
"The expression, 'a good judge of
human nature,' is common, I need not
argue that there are many people who
know that a narrow, retreating chin indicates weakness of character, while a
square, protruding chin indicates aggressiveness. If the chin is a key to
these traits of character, why should
not the hands that execute the work
for the brain be equally indicative uf
mechanical ingenuity? It seems entirely reasonable that the characteristics of
the hands should be indicative of what
tho combination of brain and hands can
accomplish. It is not only reasonable,
but I hare found in actual, practical
touts that these characteristics aro my
best guides in  picking out mechanics.
"When I say 'in picking out mechanics' I mean in picking men with
natural mechanical aptitude, not expecting a farmer to turn into au export machinist tho moment he walks into a factory. Hut for tho assembling department, where the work is such thut any
intelligent man can do it, given time,
patience and preliminary instruction, I
would lather have a young man with
the right sort of hand aud no experience, than one with tlie wrong sort of
hand and unlimited experience. Tt will
be only a few days until'the right sort
of hands will lie turning out more work
than the wrong sort of hands.
"The application of the theory stated
is very simple, it may take some time
to make it produce the best results.
And, remember, strongly as I believe
thut a man's hand holds a true appraisal of his natural mechanical aptitude. I do not believe that natural aptitude takes tho place of nil training.
Whet hor I want a 'handy man* around
the shop, an assembly man, a press man,
or an all round machinist, before T look
nt the applicant's hand I first look for
the signs of dissipation and put him
through a course ot* questioning, fitted
to our factory,
"1 will describe what my experience
teaches! me to be the ideal hand for a
mechanic, together with what the various distinguishing marks mean. The
body of the hand should be sqnnro. it
should be the same width at the buse
of the fingers and at the base of the
thumb and as long from tlie end of tho
wrist to the beginning of the fingers
as it is wide—literally Bqnaro. This
proclaims a man who is methodical,
obedient and amenable to reason. The
(lasers should bo of . medium length,
neither very short, Btitbby fingers which
iro with selfishness and obstinacy, nor
the extremely long ones which go for
argumentativeness aud chronic dissatisfaction, Aud they should bo of proper proportionate lengths; second finger
Iqngestj third finger next, index finger
next, and the little finger the shortest.
Lack of proper proportion moans an unbalanced nature, difficult to manage
from the predominance of some one or
two traits,
"The fingpr-joints should be well developed and largo, making what are
called knotty lingers. This is a sign
of exactness In work and methods.
"The linger nails should be broad,
square, and neither tht nor much round
ed, The cushions opposite the nails
should be broad nnd well developed,
making the lingers broadest at the ends,
or at least as broad as at the well
developed central joints. Fingers with
such nails and cushions Invariably indicate ingenuity, natural aptitude for
mechanics, and love of mechanical work
for tho work itself.
"The thumb should neither lie at
right angles to the hand, a sign of vi-
clousneSB, nor should it lie closo to the
hand, a sign of narrowness and stupidity. In length the thumb should roech
nearly tn the middle joint of tht index
linger, In other respects it should have
all tho characteristics of Ihe fingers.
Neither thumb nor fingera should have
any pronounced tendency to bend backward, which means carelessness and instability; nor should they be of tho kind
thnt can not be opened perfectly flat
without unusual effort, which means
overcautlousncsB that hampers a man in
his work.
"I need hardly say that this ideal
mechanical hand is too ideal to evor bo
found in its entire ideality in any ap
pi leant for a factory job. I might be
;ill day telling of the variations I haw
noted, and then not be through. One
good characteristic seems to help balance a bad one. Thus the hand indicates
whether or not a mini is h desirable employee and also in what department he
will prove most desirable. A man with
square Hands and medium long thumbs
and fingers with large joints, even
though the digits nre not spatulate, is
entirely fitted for work on a drill press
where the work is tedious in its monotony, but must bo douo with careful
exactness."
A CHANGE OF MIND
(By Nevll Q. Heushuw, in Outing Magazine)
•"PHERE nre certain freshwater officers
L who gain their titles solely by a
close asosciation with tho water
front. Von can see them upon any clear
day, scattered like ungainly mile posts
along the river buuks^smoWng, fishing,
telling eternally of'ineidenfs that havo
never occurred. None of them have
been to sea, few of them own oven so
much as a rowboat, yet they aro captains every one.
All of them are old, all of them are
idle. Each of them hns his own particular spot, overlooking the water for, oven
in the easy acquirement of their titles,
a certain amount of propriety must be
observed. Of these vaptain Wilkins
was a typo.
In appearance he was ono of thoso
small, contradictory men of less than
five foot in height, about whom everything else gives one an impression of
size. His laugh was loud uud rumbling,
his voice wns like the bellow of a bull,
his moustaches were huge und red, curling up fiercely at the ends. His opinions
were voiced with the solemn impressive,
ness of a judge, he moved with the
slow, majestic progress of u great bodv.
And the worst of it wan that he took
himself seriously, As Haruhan, tho corner saloon mqn, once said, "If he had
hud any sense of humor, he would have
laughed himself to death."
Theoretically, Captain Wilkins was
supposed to bo in search oi a job at the
docks, au occupation which he had followed unsuccessfully for the greater
pint of his life. Practically, he employed his days in attending to the Severn] duties of his office, iu tlm meantime Mrs. Wilkins took in washing.
Now us no description of a man can
be complete without a hint at either his
likes or dislikes, T will finish mine of
Captain Wilhins by recounting the two
things in which he took a chief and particular pride.
Tho first, his grandson, Little Hill,
needs no comment from my pen. Children ure children the world over; and
poor indeed is the heart that does not
turn toward them. Of Captain Wilkins 's affection for the child it will be
enough to say that he hourly paid him
the very highest compliment ia his
power,
"There's a boy for you," he would
proudly observe. "Some dav he'll grow
up to be a man like his gnnidaddv."
The second, his reputation as a'swimmer. Captain Wilkes hud built up and
kept going through a series of interminable and highly colored anecdotes. All
of them related to incidents of his youth
which had brought on a series of complaints that effectirally prevented his
entering the water.
One morning in the early summer,
Captain Wilkins sat in his accustomed
Spot upon the river bank. The day
was perfect, his position was comfortable, a pipe was between his teeth, aud
a fishing pole was stuck into the soft
earth within easy reach of his hand. In
addition to these comforts he had the
luxury or n listener in tin; person of!
Larry Hrown. wi
Lurry was Captain Wilkins'a most ;.■
dent admirer, lie wus a young man oTj
a simple and trusting disposition, and
the fact that he had obtained a job at I
the docks in no wise affected bis belief
in the capabilities of "his hero. In fact,)
Larry looked upon the job as only a
species of disagreeable 'initiation into
the more honorable duties of the future.
If he saw onnngh of Cnptniii Wilkins,
he U-M himself, he could learn to emulate him. Jo time he might oven become
like him. Then he would get married
and become a captain himself, marriage,
OS I huve intimated, being a necessary
adiuncl to the proper oujoyaioitt of the
office,
As usual, Larry was listening with
rapt attention fo one of the Captain's
anecdotes.
" 'Twas done on the lower .Teems.''
that worthy was saying, "down where
she's more'n five miles wide. I was on
the schooner Jenny Wade—old man .Too
Wade hein' cap!in an' nn* bein* mate.
You've hoard mo tell of her before. 1
reckon. Flic's the boat I chased out of
Hampton Roads.
"Yes, sir, jumped off the dock just as
she'd got good an' away, aa' swum
after her I'd hate to say how many
miles. Captain doe didn't oubo up or
put about, till I was nearly all in. Said
he wanted to see just how long I could
hold on. He says to this dav he reckons
I could have swum clear to Baltimore if
I'd tried, but of course that's gob' too
far. I ain't a fish. I m just a ordinary human who can naturally swim.
"But what I'm going to toll you
happened, ns I've said, on the lower
looms. We was just eomin' homo from
a trip one night mi' 1 was figurin' on
the captin's nuttin' in on the way up
ihe river au' lei I in ' me go ashore to sec
mv gal. I don't mean the old lady. This
was another one named flue. Ltkowiso,
us Hue's old man was SOUIO cross an' irritable. I'd brought 'long a five-gallon
jug id' hard elder from Norfolk, to sorter
soothe  him.
'•Sue lived in a little town on the
right bunk an' wo was hugging clo-;e to
the Icfl bank on account of tho current,
so, when the lights begun to show way
on ahead, I asked Captain ,Toc to cross
over.
"'You're crazy,' says ho. 'Do you
reckon I'm goin' five miles out of my
may for any such fool bizness aa scein"'
a gal!'
"'Lend me the skig, then, an' I'll
row across,' says I.
"'No, you won't,' says he. 'Not
havin' no wings, I'm figurin' to use her
myself when i go ashore.'
"Ho there T wus, al] fixed and ready
to see Hue, with a fivo-gallon jug for the
old man. An' there was tho town slip-
pin ' down on us all the time, nn' gottin'
ready to pass us with five miles of room
to spnrn. Now if you'd boon mc, what
do you reckon you'd done?"
An OU for All Men.—Tho sailor, the
soldier, the fisherman, tho lumberman,
tho outdoor laborer and all who are
exposed to injury and the elements will
find in Dr. Thomas' Eelectric Oil a true
and faithful friend. To ease pain, ro-
hove colds, dross wounds, subdue lumbago and overcome rheumatism, it hnr.
no equal. Therefore, it should havo a
place iu all home medicines and those
taken on a journey.
"I reckon I'd just put off that visit
till some other time," uuswored Larry,
as he had answered tho sumo question
a dozen times before.
Captain Wilkins considered the roplv
as carefully as though it had been entirely new to him.
"Yes," said he after a while, "1
reckon that's just what you an' most
young fellers would havo done. Hut
that- warn't my way. I just naturally
tied my shoes round my neck an' took
that jug iu ouo hand an' swum ashore.
"Still holdin' the jug?" asked Larry
with  well feigned  surprise.
"Why, of course," said Captain Wil
kins. " vou ought, to be acquainted with
mo well enough to know that I wouldn't
go an' feed all that good lieker t'o the
fi-hes.
"Hut the joko of the thing is that I
didn't get to see Sue after all. No, sir.
After I'd got dried out in Captain Rid
die's kitchen, my dollies was so shrunk
they just about covered half of me. An'
that, half waru't the bluest half by a
long sijrht. Fact is I gave 'em to Cup.
tain Riddle for his little boy. I likewise
swapped the jug for aa old suit of oil
skins to get back to the Jenny in. They
sure did joke me about it. Home folk's
say that's where tho old Bavin' about
'Keep your clothes on' comes from."
The Captain paused suddenly to at
tend to his fishing. After he had landed
and unhooked a very diminutive, percn,
he throw back his line and sat atnrlng
out upon the water in search of another
anecdote. As he did so, a single shell
sped noiselessly up from below und shot
swiftly past In the still wator beneath
him. So smoothly, so expertly, did tin
red-jerseyed figure at the oars propel it
that he left scarce a ripple to mark his
pregiess.
Confronted with one of his pot annoyances, Captain Wilkins glared after
tho oarsman in Impotent hatred.
"Blame them boat club sports," he
growlott. "They're — they're snipes,
that's what thoy are. Why can't thoy
stay homo an' mind their own blznis,
'stead of rompiu' up uu' down the river
in a boat like a butcher knife, -scurin'
tho fish off poor folks' hooks? Why
can't they wear some clothes 'stoad of
puttin' ou a couple of holes with a little red worsted wrapped round 'em to
keep 'em from fulliii' apart? If 1 was
to' go out like thut, I'd be arrested.
"Some one of these dnys I'll swim
out an' turn one of 'em over. If he
don't get ashore, it won't be any fault
of mine."
At this moment the one o'clock
whistles began to blow. Larry rose reluctantly to his feet.
"Well. I reckon I'll get back to
work." said bo "You goin' home?"
"Not till the fish quit bitin'," re-
plied Captain Wilkins. "If thev keep on
like this, I reckon I'll stay all day."
At. five minutes past one, Little Hill
appeared with a dinner pail. After
Captain Wilkins had petted him aud
had praised him upon tlie success of his
journey, he fell upon the food with all
of the voracity of a hungry fisherman.
In the moan time, Little Bill looked
after the lines.
The accident occurred at ono fifteen.
Whether the child had leaned over too
far or lost his footing in attending to a
bite, the Captain never knew. He
heard the scream ami, despite his pom-
ipous movements, arrived at the edge of
[the   bank   coincident   with  the   splash.
Now hnd any of Captain Wilkins'a
friends been proseut, it is probable that
they would huve felt but little alarm.
A plunge, a stroke or two by the
doughty swimmer, and nil would have
been  well again.
It is my painful duly, however, to
relate that the Captain did nono of
these^things. He simply stood upon the
bank and stared in white-faced agony
at the rapidly sinking curls for, alas, ho
could not swim! Be it said to his credit
that, had there been a chance of saving
the child) he would unquestionably have
plunged in. But the ban!; was high ami
inaccessible, and there was no chance
of lauding save at a pier a good fifty
yards below.
When Little Bill went down for the
second time, Captain Wilkins dosed his
eyos and turned away. As he did so.
there came a flash of brown, a stroak of
red,  aud   a   sudden,   resounding  splash.
it in unfortunate thut the Captain had
his eyes closed, for he would have beheld the spectacle of u man diving from
a rapidly moving shell—a feat which,
despite his experiences, might have appealed to him. As it wus, tho young
man from the boat club was just dragging Little BUI from his third descent,
when he whirled hopefully around.
"Co to the pier," spluttered the
young man as he turned over on his
back and uoatcd down with the currenl
—tho child's head held well abovo the
water.
After the young man had lauded ul
the pier, lie assisted tho Captain iu roll
ing and pounding Little Bill to life
again. Wnon it became apparent that
his olTorts were successful, ho smiled
with pleasure, waving aside Captain
Wilkins's protestations of gratitodo.
"Never mind about thnt," said he.
"dust got this Child home, und give him
sonuthing strong and warm to drink.
He'll come round all right, never fear,"
"An' how Ml you get home your
self?" asked the Captain, with a glance
ut his companion's scanty attire.
'*'>h, some of the fellows will see
my boat as it drifts past," said he.
"They'll bo looking for mo in a minute
or two.''
So ( nptain Wilkins hurried home
with his unconscious burden, but lie
fore he got there he did a curious thing.
.Slopping at a lonely aad deserted pier,
he descended its ladder until tho water
dosed for un  Instant abovo his head.
Home few mornings later, Captain
Wilkins sat beside Lurry iu hia accus
turned spot upon the river bank. As
usual he was indulging ia au anecdote, but, this time, it related to an
event that had occurred a baro five da^s
before.
"So, as Hoon as I hoard him yell, 1
jumpOq to my feet, and took off from
the bank there,'' the Captuin was saying, "right there where it's sbrtei
stomped down. Of cournc there warn'I
much swimmin' to it for n man like mc
—only a stroke or two. It was tho div
in' that, counted.
"I reckon Hill must hnve struck his
head on some!bin' goin' down cause he
never come up once. Seems to me like
I walked round on the bottom for pretty near ten minutes before I found
him.    We come■ up just about there.  '
As he paused to point ont tho exact
spot, a Shell enme speeding up the river,
uud uashed past below him.
Angry at the interruption and anxious
to gain favor in the eyes of his hero,
Larry shuok a list at the departing oars
man,
"Blame them boat club snipes,'1 he
began violently. "Why can't ihey—','
But Captain Wilkins stopper! him with
a rour.
"Shut your mouth,' he bellowed. "If
you can't speak woll of your bettors,
you needn't speak of 'em at all."
Thoroughly amazed uud disconcerted.
Larry stared at the Captain ia mute
surprise,
"But—but—vou said," ho stammered
finally.
"It don't make no difference what 1
said," snapped Captain Wilkins. "I've
ehaugod my mind."
THE OLD SCOTS PARLIAMENT AND
ITS WORK
IN many quarters references have appeared ns to tho renewal of the old
demand for Homo Rule for Scot-
kind. It has bo.-n said that tho Bug
lish are a tolornnt people, but a mail
may bo tolerant from Iwo caiises-*-be-
cause he knows thnt tolerance is the
only possible light by which the steps
of wisdom and progress can be guided
up tho village street, or because he does
not know, cannot sec, cither the advantages or the dangers of the new
evangel. It. is lo be feared Hint the
tolerauco of the English often, if not
generally, is of this hitter description.
Theirs is the sin of omission; they nre
not hostile, they are IndllTorent, 'it is
through the sin of omission that great
Injustice has been done by them to
their chief partners in this groat Empire, partners whom they look upon
wilh real reliance aud ii flection—the
Scots.
The story is told that when thoy put
the first little stenmer on the stormy
waters that divide the island of Skyo
from the mainland, n str.ur.gor exclaimed in a doubting tone: "What, will
that boa! gel over to .Skyo tonight f"
"Yos," replied the native, "if nothing
happens to Skye." When the Empire
has left momentous things'in charge of
Scotsmen it has found -they have kept
their trust—like the little steamer in
western waters—in India, Egypt, Spain,
Russia. Nay, they found them out long
ago. else would no general havo dared
to tell them, as Sir Denis Hack did at,
Waterloo, "Ninety-second, ' yon - must
charge; the troops on. vour right and
left have given way!" Vet the Englishman is more ignorant </f Scotland
than he is of India or Knmschntka; he
knows nothing of its history, ils aims,
its desires. Nay, not one ■Englishman
in a million could till the name of fhat
famous stream that flows by Paisley,
on which towu even an Englishman
knows he must "keep his eye." It is
serious, for fhe result is 'that when
Scotsmen want anything for themselves;
instead of for Bengal or South Africa,
they cannot get it, even though an overwhelming majority uf the Scots members nave voted for it.
Leaving out present-day politics, and
taking nu old list of nine, bills brought
before Parliament, referring to purely
domestic matters coliceruing Scotland,
it is found that ia the aggregate 530
Scottish members voted in the negative,
yet the bills wero every one rejected
by an aggregate total ot'lXVl votes, the
balance of 1084 being those id' Englisli
members, who knew not of Paisley. So
difficult is it. Indeed, to get Scottish
business transacted that Mr.HirreN. who
is a Eifer—und Fifera nre cleverer even
than Paisley "bodies"—said, long ago:
"One thing is perfectly certain, that
Scotland will never get Scotch business
done as things are at present. Her
members might as well be sent to Peking as io Westminster. . , . The
Scoltish people have.the franchise, but
are not allowed to i]o anything with
it." Why is this? Do' Englishmen
think that though Scotsmen are trusty
for Ihe Empire they ure less trusty
when looking after thoir own alTairs?
Is it likely—Fifers nnd Paisley bodies
yes, and Aberdoniaus forbyel It, is not
likely; but if the English' reallv think
it is they should take tent of'the doings of the Old .Scots Parliament which
went out of existence by the Act of
Cniou iu 1707, and became united with
that at Westminster, after the Scots
had fought the lending power iu Europe
for some four hundred yours; and had
"hurled back twelve invasions, many of
them led by English moimrobs, at'the
head of forces twice us numerous us
those of the British who vanquished Na-
ppleon on the field of Waterloo."
Practically all that England got, after
a terrific struggle, by the groat Reform
Hill of 1832, tho old Scots Parliament
hnii refined quietly, without iigitution
or bloodshed, ou their own Initiative,
from two to threo centuries earlier. Eoi
oxamplc, in 1448 au eel was passed foi
the protection of the cultivators of the
soil ogalnsl oppression; in 1679 they
established an excellent system of poor
law.-: in 1096, or 171 years before the
English net, thoy passed their famous
system oi universal education; in 1688
thoy Bettlod tho Tithe question, which
remains today unsettled iu England and
hn- loni ■ much to discourage agrh il
tare in the English counties. In 1072,
or lfi!2 years before England moved iu
the mailer, they conferred upon all
prisoners the privilege of receiving a
copy of thoir indictment before trial,
and provided thai a man could not he
couvicted save on the,testimony of two
witnesses, and nearly J."50 years earlier
they had given to all prisoners the right
of being defended by counsel at. the
expense of the State. ' In 1072 thoy also
passed an act bywhich.lhe poi.rfst persons are enabled to carry on a lawsuit
without cost by being placed on the
[mors' roll; iu* 1017 and HiSl fhey
devised a plan for the registration of
deeds and titles which has proved perfect iu its working; in 1690 they founded the Scottish system of banking,
which Mood so well the test of the
great panic of lSI!fi. One hundred years
before the English had moved in the
matter, they gave complete protection
against i in prison ment to the insolvent
debtor; and the English Act introducing a retrospect ivo period in bankruptcy wns merely u copy of one the Scots
passed in 1690, n century earlier." The
English criminal code was savage in
its severity, containing ovor ono hundred crimes which w«re punishable by
death; the Scottish code before the
Union contained but, twenty. Finally,
not lo make the list too long, the boasted EugliMi Habeas Corpus Act uf 1697,
Second only in importance to Magna
'hartn, can not ,|i»|;y:oin|Rircd4,',vith the
Scottish Act. which: prec*d(hl"it by a
whole century.
Sir Archibald Alison, nuthor of Tho
History  of  Europe, says of  the Scots
Parliament: "In them, we hcsitaU uot
tu say, is to bo found more of tint spirit
of real freedom, more wise resolution,
and practically bemmVia"' le^ydatit*',
better provisions for tho liberty o*?'^
subject, and a more equitable se'lilcmeut
of all the objects of the -popular partar'
at this time than is to be foatul In aB
the thirty volumes of tho statutes »t
large, and all the etforts of English
freedom, from Magna Cliarla to the Re-,
form Hill. ... In truth, the tmrly
precocity of Scotland in legis^utJYa wis- ,
doni, and the extraordinary Vr^'i^iom
made by its native Parliaments in fa-
mote periods, not only for .the ,wuil-
boiug of its people . . ";>'■ .antlHW '
instruction, 'relief and security uf the
poorer classes, is one of the reiuark-
uble facts in the whole history of modern Europe," The Scottish'Acts had
two other qualities wjlinh one would
not expect of an-Act WZ-lfn'r^Hmout, unheard of qualities—they .clYec?tutillv did
their work, made the 'reform to which
Ihey applied, whereas, as John Stuart
Mill said, we today "nibble at the cub-
sequences of unjust power instead af re-
dr oss ing   the    injustice   itself."   The
soooml i uliarity is u more remarkable
one still—they   are   exc.ecAiiugW   brief,
they say all they have Ci^sW n'"Mi,','l'o,w'-"
Bbort. pithy sentence*, SUS if Jfc''*io'^a;f
Englisli Act would hav?flK*iR^'^
IXH.tK   (HI. *
Ncotliirurs ron] stano of tin* spoils of
tin' Union wiib tho, extended ninrket, tbs
wider Held it opeiiert ont for ber enter-
prise and tlie iiiiibitinn id' lior jtinie but,
owing lo the titter failure of Iter e^Gaikfl
to legislate for bersoif, the ii.ni'tnBfjtJihj
lins cost her o'outltloss' blilliuiis, by tin
rniii ol' her agrtcnltnral districts, the
espei hit inn of the rentojof her lands,
tlie largo amount she pii.vH in luxation
in oxcoss of that paid i.y, rjtiglishmofi
and Irishmen, and by tho enoT us expenditure entailed upon her bv the ud-
miiiis'trnlHiu of hor local affaire in Lop-
don.
WHILE HE SPOKE
THE gentleman witli !he'wefl'ri»(r"tin
peii ranee  wh'rMhnjfc. motored, m or
from the neulSBtMown tii''delj*e'
s lecture, "The. Tftrdjf Glt$Y<HKJM,''
i, ■ eraenrdM -
his
the   village   scho
with a line lilirsf.-
"Ei.nrt is the keystone nf success,"
lie snifU "The successful until is $ie
ninri Wlio »fel\3i'f,J8):tsi-teu1l.r.;,tlJ(i
motto is. 'Push and keep pushing,'14?^'
by that., and that, alone, he reaches.»?«,'
S»»'.." ,. " •'•..''
Before the- bulS of The audience iNti«y
much headway with their clapping'-a
small man at tilV'liul'k got in a laugh
that, might' h^v¥;)oomo,v^om a megaphone. ' "l        •-' 'V ' ' V> "<■
' The  lecturer   held   9p'-;lij|* Ifaii   far
silence. . '.' ,i        ';,'.;? ;'';i ''   ''
"You, toe', my frioilnV 'a/all ih^^_ to
push '' ho commenced, '< ■'•'■
"So'11 you, 1 reckon,"1 iriternipt.e4
the small man. "There's 'ur! a doy.it
youngsters been pinchui' the peLref^oiii
of yer motor-car tor light a p--'1 — ""
lie  pelJOhoi
a wffijtf'
"PORT BLtTNT)ERM M&4
IT  is  not gonerally  known   that  the
United   States   goTfrnmeni   oaaa
undertook lo erect a tuit o.i British,
soil. The site of this fort, afterward j
called Fort Montgomery, was-ahiiKt Wi j
a mile northeast of Rouse's Point, N'ew •'
V.ir>;, not far from the foot ef-Lake *
('humplnin. Popularly it was hnbwn »* "
"iForUBlunder."
It appears that after the waf.fjE.i.Ji,^
the' government   felt   the  necessity 'i'"*'-,
guarding the  entrance to  !.ake-"tiliripi-''!
plain.   Accordingly, iu ISlo, wasi-Vi^ay, '
the erection of Fort Montgomery, '-Thl?.^
origiualjiotion was to construct a'gtrMiiv,
fort. ., ItiVthose days thut meant a fotV.
with'thrw liers of guns.
1 W-u'iLwiir!,   had   been   in   baad   for
some ti)|fi-*7t was discovered that, owing
to un,.olTor of early surveyors, tin? ,v,
tual boundary  between  Now  York   and
Canada,   the    forty-fifth    parallel    of
north latitude, passed south of the fork.
Work on tho fort was suspeudftd for
about twenty-five yours, am! not until
the year 1MJ was the territory restored
to the United States. The agrncment
known as the Webster-Ashburtou treaty.
establishing the northeastern boundary,
made the Hue between Now York and
Canada conform lo ihe old and innor-
rei-t early survey. Tims "Port Hluu
dor'* was again on United states territory. The people of Mjiine, it is said,
never quite lorgavc IHniel Webster for
giving up. as they plaiiuod In' did. a
greal 6l.C.e Of territory to which tlipy
thought thorn selves entitled in order H
save House's Point.
After tho boundary question was rcI-
tled the fort was finished, but it wm
aeyer manned by more than safHoiout
Dion to krep it in order, and it **•?
never armed.
THE BELL AND THE BURMAKS
A LITTLE native wil will lometiuiM
solve a problem that has pruvad
too much for technical training
During one uf the Burmese wurs the
British troops ondeavored to curry off
to Calcutta as a trophy a big b*li,
weighing more Hum forty topi, 't'o
transport such a heavy burden was
troublesome, but the enginfiora managed
| tu gel it .is f.:v as the Kiwi  Irrawi id*.
• I:; Irving to put it nu bhipbourd, how
ever, the tackle slipped, and the boll
rolled over and fell into the water, '! In
engineers tried in vain to raise it, and
at last went on their way without it.
Then the Burtmtns set to work, and
by the use of h little n-mmonseimft M
complishcd the task that had proved to*.
much for tJie trained engineers. They
simply encased tho upper part of the
hell iu a wooden structure, so as to convert its external form into that nf a
eylludor, Then, by moans of ri.pe-s, it
was found quite possible to roll it up
the rivnr bank upon dry land.
i   NEW    JER8EY    man   nam ad   hu>
t\.     iwin   so.'.s   Ttnosevelt  and   Taft.
A friend asked him recently hew
they were gelling along.
"Famously," was the answer. "Taft
digs steadily into his breakfast bowl.
while lioottnyult yells and pounds him
over the head wilh a spoon."
Very many persons die annually from     ,
cholera and kind red summer complaints,
who might havo been saved if proper
remedies had  boen^med.    If attacked
do not delay in gettilijui but lie of Or. O
U.    KelW's    JjysrfUery   Cardial,   tlfrJP
iiipfll\di.fi*fmit^ tiovi*. falls'**. ffflwHa-'' '
cure.    Those  who have usejl  ii  say it
acts promptly, nnd thor:,nylily subdues
the pain and disease. '*''   ;'
I THE ISUNDEtt, CUMBERLAND, BO.
\ Vi
4
§
We have recently received a
Carload of McLAUGHLIN
Carriages and Buggies,
and are prepared to quote
lowest prices and best terms.
give us a call.
Morrison
General Mints, Courtenay.
a. H, ASTOK
f
Practical  Watchmaker
All Work Guaranteed
"l
lit Mbi Specialty.
. . NEXT TO TARBELL'S, . .
Dunsmuir Ave   :   :  Cumberland
COMOX A^KSS-VlEeST OlHTRlOT
NOTU'K ia hend.y given,   in   accord
tnce with the*   Stvutu, that Provincial
Revenue   Tax,   and  all    auesned   taxes
and incline tax,  and school tax, aumtil
and levied under ihe  "AaiesAiuunt Act," j
and Amendment!, are due and payable en
thu 2nd day nf .Urni-try, 1911-    AH tax. a i
collectible  I r   the   C m-x   Aie.-BMiiem
District   are due and payable at   ntv of- |
lice, situated at the  Government Otliuea,
Ouiuberland.    Thii notice,   iu term*   of
law, ia equivalent to a pergonal demand
by me upon all perstma liable fur taxe*.
Dated at Cumberland, B.C. the KM.
day of January. 19J1.
JOHN BA1RP,
Uepufy Aiwaiur and Collector,
Comox AiieHnient DiiLrict,
Cuinhm-ht d Ptwt ■ fflce.
Wu have a'l heard of "the beer that
made Milwaukee fain--us." If the cities
of It. C wt-re tu be classed according to
>he qualby of the beer which ia tiiani-
bic uied in them, Cumberland would
rai.k aa the Ii nit city In the piuviuoe.
The K.igles will   hold a grand ball iu
April.
CANADIAN  PACIFIC
RAILWAY
C    SERVICE
8  S. CITY OF   NANAIMO
(ok oxhkk htkamkh)
wkathch and otmrr,   cmcumstances
FiaMITTINQ, WILL SALE
North Bound
I*«vi> Vancouver fi \< in, M<miluyn
Arriv* Nanatiiiii 9 (Hi p.in. Momlay-
LeaveNanaline io p.m. Mi.mla.v»
Beaver Creek      f
Penman Inland     f
Arrive Union Hay 6.80 A.m. Tnemlnys
Leave Union liny 10.30 a.m. Taesdaya
Arrive Comox ii.iria.m TuoMlayi
South Bound
Leave Comox l.lfi p.m, Tuesdays
Arrive Uiilim liny'2.iH)ji.in. Tutrnday.
Leave 1'ul.in Buy 2,16 |>.iu. Tumtuyi
Denman Inland     f
Beaver Creek     f
Arrlr* Nanaimo 10 |i m. Tiiastlayi
Leave Niuiahim 11.00 p.m. Tuumlnyii
Arrive Vnnc.mverl.U0 a in. Wo.lniaulr.yti
f   Inilimtes flag itop,
For rate* and further particular!! call i r apply
to
H. W. BRCDIK,      W.   McOIRK.
GEN'L.  P. A., Affent,
Vancouver,   J3.0.     Nanaimo,  B.C.
Cumberland Public & High
School Statement 1910
EX.'KNIilTUUK
Teacher, salary
Jinltor
eaveager
Heating Furnace
New ' 'caka
bop lira Printing & Bundrlm
Total Expenditure
HMueclfully lubmlttcd, T.H.Oarey secretiny
JertlUeduirrw'.Jan U'll
J.T CPalmer,  City Auditor
{IBM (HI
tm' u
tiiuwi
1IMI (HI
171 wi
jfi".rxi
""$11271."
SALE
Continues from
DAV TO DAY
S. (J. HANSON'S
Veil pullet*, hatched 1909
lroin.latl.1 to May 31. laid 37SH0 eoflai
which eolaatwholeeele price*
nal       •        •       . 11019.19
tioal ul feed for aamc period     ail.OS
t MOH.OT
Average profit par bird for
ISIdave       »       •       «
EllaS I'M HATCHINU,
llarcu
April
May
Juiia
Par II.
UM
3.00
ISO
■ 2.WQ
la.oi
Per 100
ll.Virn
15.00
12.50
VILLOREST POULTRY FARM
DUNCAN, B.O, Jl
s
I'iifi
Third St. & Penrith Avenue
MAXWELL & HOUNAL
Proprietors
All kinds of hauling done
First-class Rigs for Hire
Uvery and team work promptly
t   11111 i <
Local Agent for
The London & Lancashire
Fire Insurance Oo.
Oet rates before insuring els (
where
Office: Cumberland
A FINE LINE OF NE W
MA TE RIALS JUST RE-
R-
:   CEIVED
i
Till the Stock
IS SOLO
•  •
•  •
r
THE INTERNATIONAL SALVAGE
COMPANY, the Greatest Bargain Givers, selling out the Model Clothing Co's.
Stock      -----
Store open next to the Islander office, in the Bowling Alley, on
Dunsmuir Avenue       ....
Store Open Saturday from 9 a. m. till 11 p. m.
P. DUNNE
Up-to-date Merchant Tailor
DUNSMUIR AVENUE
TIE ISLPEfl
.50
a Year
in  advance
tei
YOUR NAME IS
— GOOD *#*
Anything
in the
Jewellery
Line
Bold
on a Small
Monthly
Payment
MATCHES
STODDART
THE     JE"WELLBE
Next door to Royal Bank, opposite Post Offloe
j |i;£r>*jr<'.'<iH<p<jw.'<ir<-r'*4r' t -+&■»**<• r^PMHVMH r*yKr»Jr< p»*<*,
||       HEADQUARTERS FOR
Furniture ^
Wallpaper
Crockery
Etc., etcfjj
A nice line of Iron Bedsteads
$4. <° $40.
just arrived
I?
|i'^Ki^ir^lKl^kr^lKrKl>'r«V»<' rHK1-^MHVPMHT^|<*i'«l»v?
Capital $5,000,000
Reserve $5,700,000
THE ROYAL BANK
OF CANADA
Draft* Issued In any currency, payable all ever the world
SPECIAL ATTENTION paid to SAVINGS ACCOUNT*, and Interest at
highest current pates allowed on deposits of (1 and upwards
CUMBERLAND, B.C., Branch-   -   —     OPEN DAILY
COURTENAY,B.C.Sul>Brancli OPEN TUE8DAY8AND FRIDAYS
UNION WHARF, B.C., Sub Branch-OPEN THUR8DAY8
H. F. Montgomery, Manager
T
J
H
I
N
K
There is no better
way of making the
people of this district think of you
than through an advertisement in
The Islander
J

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