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The Islander Mar 30, 1912

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 J.L-M'^^'   ^
For wear hnd looks see our
Pongee Silks in all the leading
shades—gray, helio, resida,
myrtle, navy and blnck. 2G in.
wide at 75c. per yard.
reshowing a full range
of cotton gingham, warranted fast colors, suitable for
children's, misses' and women's wear, in pretty checks
plaids and stripes.
■il ill. will,.as IM  17>, air j,,., ynni
N'o, it"
jrim isi..\xi.i.:ii, chmii|.:hi.anii, B.C., Saturday, maiu!H3o, 1913
Subscription price $1.50 per year
Hon.  W. Manson  Emlorsed by thc
People of Comox  District Wins
by Immense Majority.
m wm
Ca.pable, Business Management of Provincial
Affairs Unanimously Eeturns the
McBride Government.
Also Movement on foot
to Secure Electric
Street .Lights.
The elections yesterday coi-
tained but little of interest or excitement. It was known, as absolutely as such things can be
known, that Mr. Manson would
carry the district by an immense
majority, It was conceded the
Socialists would carry the city of
Cumberland and, under the circumstances, the Conservatives
made no strenuous fight. On the
pthT hand, the Socialists had
many workei s in the field, working hard and, after all, came out
with the very slim majority of I
53. Undoubtedly the Socialists! Union Bav
gained some of the Liberal vote. I Heriot Bay
Thus it is very apparent the So- j Mansion's L'nd'ng
ward. Mr, Manson has labored
faithfully; has accomplished results which the people of Comox
are pleased to acknowledge and
havn acknowledged by theirvotes.
The Socialists elected are Parker Williams, of Ladysmith, and
Place, of Nanaimo.
Following are. the  returns to
Manson   Lefeaux
Denman Is!.
Hornby    "
eialists are losing ground,
Socialism is on the wane.
Jn, tho province {he. Conservatives win a sweeping victory.
The McBride government is unanimously returned, there Wang
no liberals and but two Socialists
This shows that the thorough,
t!9j)qb!e, HP-rP-'iate business administration qf the affairs of tlie
province by the McBride government has gained the hearty approval of the people. And the
people are right. Nowhere are
there better business and financial (Wudjttana, s" healthy a
(Vfbwti. arid'j,f..igri*ss, than in th.'
province of British Columbia; an 1
this is wholly due to the sound,
conservative sense of the peoph ,
"' and the admirable policies and
administration of affairs by the
PfW8ei!Vi>t)Vfi gflyprnment.
In our own ttj'sWcf a'deseryiiiy;
represcntatjve has met a just iv-
Band Concert.
In honor of W. L. Coulson and
in recognition of the interest he
and the aid he has given to the
band, the Cumberland band will
give a concert Sunday afternoon
in front of the hospital. The foi
lowing program will be rendered:
March Heroes of the'iuiii 1
Lund 29
iQuathiaski 16
Campbell River 14
Powell       •' sy
A movenment by the people of
West Cumberland and Jap  town
has been quietly on foot for some
time, looking to the lighting of
the streets of these suburbs by
electricity,   A proposition is soon
to be made to the B. C.  Electric
company which it is thought will
be acceptable.   Endeavors have
been made in the past to make a
deal with the company fer lighting, but they failed, because the
company insisted that the tolls,
being small, should be paid in ad
vance for a   year.   The citizens
of these suburbs are close figur-
They are more or less a floating
population,   Some of them  advance as a reason for not joining
with the crowd, that should they
pay for the whole year and move
away shortly after,  they would
be the loser, or. as they express
it, "would be paying for the other feller,"   This is repugnant to
tho Oriental mind.
A proposition is now to be
made to tlw company that the
tolls shall be paid monthly, in advance of course, As the company maintains a monthly collector, it is probable a deal will be
A new sidewalk. W now being
laid by the. provincial government from Cumberland to West
Cumberland. With a new sidewalk and electric lights the pet
P. W. Law of Western
Trust Co , Victoria
Iu the City.
Canadian Northern Railway Eiigiii
Now in Field at the Head of
Comox Lake.
With the reports of the im
provements to be made in  the
city, the building of thc proposed
"goyernriient   wharf   at   Roy's
Beach, the construction of the C.
N. R. from Alberni to Cumberland, the eyes of outstde capital
are being attracted to our city.
Mr. F. W. Law, Manager of the
Canadian Western Trust Co., of
Victoria, is here with  his secretary.   In an interview with an
Islandek    representative,    he
would nothing definite as to his
intentions.   He talked as though
it would require but little encouragement for his company to build
offices in this city.
While very carefully concealing the real object of his visit,
ie   favored  our   representative
Under  Contract With McBride Government
to  Complete Bead  this Year, Which
Means much to Cumberland.
Nineteen hundred and twelve, Anno D.unini, looks like a
banner year for Cumberland. Besides bringing many imdrove
ments to the city itself, it bids fair to bring to Cumberland a
new railroad, a railroad from salt water on the west const to
salt water on the east coast of the Island. At both terminals there are excellent ports, Water in which the largest of
ocean going vessels may dock. It will bring to and through
Cumberland, straight and direct, a portion oi tlutt trade, that
boihmerce, that benefit which is to accrue to the world from
tbe completion of the Panama canal. It makes of Cumberland
nn important city, places her up among the cities of rho Island.
This road is the Canadian Northern Rail way.    il. is  un-
with a free opinion of the city. (*eV contract to the McBride government to begin and complete
 _ ifc^B^BT^jB^B^B^BBBB Hsl^^
Farroll i
I  Will  Arise.
Angel <>f tin* Lord
Cornet  Solo	
Chorus Ma-o'i
Jerusalem, .My Olorioiia Homo,
1 Hymn Smart
Hark. Hark, .My Soul!
Trombone Solo  Runnier
Angela's Song.
Intermezzo,.' lliiunn r
Dancing hy the Moon.
1 Hymn Anon
March M 'Iimiv
Hymn Purdny
The Courtenay, Dating Society was addressed this week by
Mr. Gomptpn who gave, tt very
interesting lecture on "Man's
Place in Nature,"
The courtenay Social Club is
now about to be opened. The
furniture has all arrived ami
i:rcsidcu\ uoliu * ;tin|)liel| expects
to give a big time on the opening
night with dance and reception.
The club is holding a mock trial
for breach of promise. The youm* | ^.^' yjV-JJJ ^
man at wuii|i|towi.l as is also the
young lady,    Mr,  Colin Camp-1 	
W1 "'"'. P.:V. f. Men/Jos are the
lawyers in the case and a good
legal! ?) fight Is expend,
The Ladies' Aid of the Presbyterian church at Courtenay ar'?
preparing an excellent concert
to be held about the first week
in May. The choirs of both
Courtenay and Sandwick are get-
ling up some fine chorus numbers
ipcludlng  the  Soldiers' Chorus
He was emphatic in saying that
Cumberland was backed by immense resources and had a bright
future. It was destined to be
an important town. But, he said
you seem to be asleep. When I
arrived here I asked for the
board of trade. I was informed
there was no board, of trade, 1
then asked for the development
loajjue, the publicity agent.There
were none.   I asked for the May
the construction of the road.
This railroad leaves Port Alberni running through the
settled portions of the west coast to the summit, u. low pass iu
the Island range of mountains. Between Port Alberiii nnd
this summit, there is a rise of 1300 feet in a distance of 32 I 2
miles. There will be two tunnels on the line, Reaching this
side of the range the road touches the head of Comox lake, 12
miles (vest of Cumberland, thenoe down the south side of the
lake to the city.    Whether the line will proc, I from Cumber
laud southeast 11 miles to Union Bay, or directly east I miles
Oh, he lives way up on  the! v ! T ST   """' 77''T j"""* **''   B°aUh' " ""L
yet definitely known, but as the li
outskirt of the town,   1 couldn't!
if ;t room in the hotel last night
He then read quite a lecture on
pie of this thriving, auMrb  will j the value of boards of trade, etc.
ilit* is projected to  Campbell
river, it is probable it will proceed direct to Hoy's  Beach,   the
leurest point to salt water, thence north to its, destination.
There is now a party of 18 surveyors at the head of Comox
,00k at your sidewalks,  he ex.-.J lake iu c'nai'ge of Engineer Frank I
i from Faust,
\\ oauj I   'j*|le Courtenay Debating club
are giving a debate on   Woman
The new pipe organ for  the
1 Presbyterian church has just beeu
1 installed in the church and will
be heard by the congregation for
1 the first time to-morrow morning
I It is a very handsome instrument,
with a beautiful tone, and will
very much improve the inside appearance of the church.
The Rev. S. J, Thompson,
Chairman of the Nanaimo District, will preach in Grace Methodist church to-morrow, both
morning and evening, Mr.
Thompson is one of the foremost,
men of British Columbian Methodism and Cumberland is glad to
welcome him.
In China, through drought and
flood 2,700,00 human beings are
starving and will perish this
spring and summer unless relief
comes. In Canada foodstuffs
worth millions of dollars are spoil
ing because the crops were too
heavy for the railways to ship to
the east. And this is happening
w hile the Chinese nation is in the
throes of a new political birth.
The generosity of the Americans
who refunded a large part of the
In a little, suuib marked "Adv."
the News takes occasion to belittle the efforts ol certain
ness men who ai'C prgpes{lig to
build a $10,0110 opera house. Even
if this is an gdvortlsment and the
News received 25c. for it, that is
a cheap price for so vicious a
knock at the (own, Nowadays,
newspapers when they have a
nasty little flihg which they ai
claimed. This doesn't V*>k well'
for a town, wttli a i"-;yl.0n ,,f
$100,1100 « WO"*',.
Asked point blank; Do you
purpose investing in Cumberland, he replied:
"That depends. Depends upon what inducements there are."
He then told of what his company had done in Redbird. Alberta. That town was like Cum-
land, when his company went
there, asleep. They had bought
land and made an additioif to the
iartlett.    There are 17 pack
it'ese   has charge   of  a   motor
secretly ashamed to father, they! lmv„   Th|ly had wokc thfl .„wn
iiorses in the outfit.    Harry
launch on the lake which conveys supplies and is at the service of the engineering part y,
The length of the road from Porl Alberni'to Cumberland is
II 1-2 miles, tu these days of quick and scientific railroad
obstruction, the buihJing of 4-1 1-2 miles of railroad is hut a
short job.
The' building of this road means a plieuomiiial growth for
Cumberland. It means the doubling mi trebbliug of realty
values in the city, of the farm lands surrounding us Jl, means
that those who want to get in on the ground floor in Cumberland must get a hump on themselves.
print It over "I'm Bono Publico,'
Com," and "Yours for the
tight," etc., and such subterfuges. As nothing can be printed in a newspaper without the
consent of the publishers, the
courts have decided, time after
time, that the publisher thus he-
comes a party to a libel, antl public opinion heartily endorses this
decision. "Manager" Curtis'
opinion in (his matter cuts but
very little ice to anyone in town.
The gentlemen who are backing
Mr. S. D. McLeod in this matter
are financially able to build a
$10,000 opera house without particularly missing the money. That
they have chosen to do so through ■■■■
. . .    .   , .   ,,   .      All  members  of Cumberland
a joint stock company is their
own affair Choral Union are requested to at
tend a business meeting of im-
Born -To the wife of Ceo. K.' portance Sunday evening at S 0'-
MacNaughton, M.D., on  March!"-loi'k >n the Presbyterian church
14th, a daughter. | ADAM JACK, Secretary
up,   Now  there  were  six  railroads in the town of Redbird.
"Then you are going to make
an addition to Cumberland?"
sprung the representative.
"That depends upon inducements. We're coming into this
section of country. Whether we
come to Cumberland er go to
Courtenay depends wholly upon
the inducements offered us."
Mr. Law will return in about a
week, meanwhile leaving a representative here.
Enjoyable Smoker,
An enjoyable smoker was >;iv-
Tuiili. a new  paper   |iul>1tfi.ied   <o
(luinliorl iml,  is mi   our desk,     ll   ia
neatly p inted and   utiimle tor—well I
ii duomi'li extsoily any, but-it neeiin iV en in the Cumberland  hall  Frl*
1*8 willing'to die in tl.e "last  ditch" day evening by  theU.:M, W. of
for the working class.    Let us hope it
will nut ho necessary, The lust ilitcl
is a fearful place in which to Hie. ll
is edited ami published hy A. II.
The finals in the English Billiard handicap at Potter'r Pool
Room was won by W. W. Lams-
den. The trophy is a handsome
quadruple plated, gold-lined silver cup, handsomely engraved.
It is valued at $25.00. The engraving was done by Mr. Bert
It looks as though Comerade
Lefeaux had forfeited his deposit
A.   The guests were entertained
with a pleasing program.
Cornet  Solo I. |,,.„j,
Scotch ooruediaii \lex   Bsird
Throo round  hexing content,
Accordoon nolo John Dibiirai
Ctdie walk  W.iln-r  Banner
s™ii A.   Irish
Three round bolting contest
Spcooi'ioa hy prominent speakers
Quartotto puh(l
SonB I. Taylar
Comic Boxing match
H""K T. Roach
8°"g T. Douglas
l'ianuist, Gcorgp Locos   . THE ISLANDER, CUMBERLAND, B.C.
Evolution of the Cow Pong
(By W. Anson)
W-IEN "old mau" Mere hunt wus
county treasurer ut San Angelo
be drove u buy horse uumed
Charlie, u 0UC6 "bad'' cow horse raised
ueur .Midland, lit- used to drive to
the court house tu the morning- get uut
of liis buggy and go iu to liis business,
leaving * burlie to huve his morning
stroll. Trailing the buggy, the horse
might go across the road aud look tutu
Naswortuy 'a stable, or perhaps be
would wander down the street looking
for a bite of grass growing by the sidewalk, It' bo camo to a buggy hitched
by the roadside be would carefully
circle around it aud never catch a
wheelj but ht' uever wont very fur aud
promptly al the stroke of twelve he
would be nt the south gate and, if he
did not lind tlie old Man there be would
walk round to the OttSt gate. Here be
woald paw the ground and wliinuy, and
if there was ro response he would
sometimes try tlie north side, but uot
very often and be would eoine back
quickly If his muster was uot there.
Some mornings the Old Man did not
waut him to wait, or maybe Mrs. Merchant, at home, would need the buggy;
ho Charlie would be turnod around aud
started off for home. The old horse
would sedately walk back across town,
through the main street, avoiding the
traflie an i vehicles at rest, nud eventually he would whinny at the yard
gate—and keep it up until Mrs. Merchant came out to him.
One day the country treasurer was
standing in front of the old Angelo
stable talking to Bob Low aud others,
aud Charlie was across the street, with
the buggy blocking un alley. Suddenly
a runaway team dashed around the
next corner, and bore down upon the
peaceful scene. It looked bud for Charlie aud tne buggy. Low sprang out,
intending to get the horse up on the
sidewalk, out of the way. But Charlie
also saw the danger, and acted ou his
own initiative. Backing a little to get
room to turn, be whirled and scampered
up the alley as hard as he could run;
barely iu time, for the runaways swept
the narrow street from curb to curb
with the heavy wagon swinging wildly
behind them.
J huve said Charlie wns at one time
a "bad" horse. That was liefore he
went to live with Mr. Mcrfchant. Aud
as his euse is typical as illustrating my
contention that the range pony is not
aud never has been the vicious brute
that so many would paint him, I offer
him as an example. Ile was uu ordinary eow pony when he came to San
Angelo, und liad been "busted" in the
strenuous, old fashioned way. A sudden movement in saddling him would
start him pitch ing—and he certainly
kuew u few things about "ground and
lofty" bucking, lie was on the defensive always, aud no doubt bad it figured out in his own miud that he uud
the cow-punchers of his acquaintance
had nothing iu common. It was not to
be wondered at that he was so quiokly
aud thoroughly "gentled" by old man
Merchant, who "fought it out with him
with lump sugar.
lu former times, we are told, it was
part of every eow band's business to
sit out his buck-jumping bronco ut
the commencement of the day's work;
nowadays the average puncher hesi■
tates when applying for a job to iu-
quire what horses he will be expected
to ride. There wns little of romance
for the pony; the boy was hired to
do certain work uud the pony was provided as a means to the same, maybe
oue of seven or eight or a dozen to be
ridden in their turn. A eow hand who
left his mounts in reasonable flesh and
with sound backs was worth more than
the fellow who wouhl be afoot ufter
a three-week's round up. From the moment iu the chilly dawn when the lariat
was dropped over liis neck, till jaded
and footsure bo was turned loose al
niglit, the cow pony was the slave of
mau and circumstances, lucky to huve
a master content to indict the necessary hardships without roweliug and
gouging his flanks into ribbons or jerking the cruel bits till his mouth dripped
foam and blood. There wus small inducement for the riders to take espec
inl pride in their mounts, uu over.wateh-
i'ul foreman picked up any youngster
more promising than usual, and a buyer
wanted to purchase the remuda ut the
end of tlm trail.
What a combination of paradoxes
the old-time cow pony presented; dis
trustful and tearful of mankind, using
every artifice and dodge to escape capture"; resenting the saddle and cinch,
bucking and squealing nud doing his
best to get rid of bis rider; nervy and
game to his last atom of strength,
leadv to drop dead sooner than shirk
one iota of his day's work, aud then
perhaps to bo ridden to town to stand
outside the saloon, meek ami innocent
till all hours of the morning, to curry
a spiritually elated or bibiilously som
iiolenl rider back tu camp with not so
much ns a sidestep m a stumble. Riders
and riders there were, also ponies uud
it    naturally   kind   and
sympathetic with all dumb brutes, some
horses Instinctively  kind   1  trustful
of mankind. Nut'that the riders were
wantonly cruel or by nature brutal, but
work Is work, and the work of the I rail
hand was hard and trying. Scorching
and blistering undor n cruel sun; dread
ed drives across treeless plains, with
starving cattle and dried up wuter
boles; swimming ley rivers; drifting
in blinding, smothering sand storms;
sleepless nights herding frighte I cut-
lie in furious thunder storms and pelting rain, aud perhaps anxious hours
guarding against marauding Indians-
such experiences do not develop the tender side of a man's nature.
Most, of the old-time cow ponies originated in the Southwest—Texas, Arizona and New Mexico. Accompanying
the vast herds of steers which were annually driven north over the great
trails, they were usually sob! witli the
cattle at the end of the journey and
Supplied to a great extent tho vast
ranching country of tbe Northwest. The
mustangs, or genuine wild horses, were
not uBod to any great extent for cow
ponies, The ooblo mustang, as a servant of mankind, is more or less of
a novelist's myth. Pew of them made
useful cow ponies, and while it is true
thnt there were many exceptions the
proportion   of   serviceable   mounts   ob
tained frum their numbers is so insignificant that it is hardly worthy of
mention. Proof of this lies iu the'fact
that they have been for the last thirty-
years shot down as nuisances instead
of being caught and broken for man's
use. They were generally captured by
relays of riders—called mustaugcrs*—
who took up the chase in turn and allowed the poor beasts neither rest nor
opportunity to quench their thirst;
those captured as eoits were more likely
to give good service and were more
easy to domesticate. Their height was
14 hands or under; instances of larger
and finer individuals is usually traced
to tlie influence of escaped domestic
horses. Both the Mexican nml the Indian horses were descendants of tlie
mustang, but they wero distinct breeds,
possessing common only a mutual ancestry; the one the result of human selection, the other the evolution of the gen
nine wild animal, bred according to nature's methods, which iu this instance
certainly do not demonstrate the survival of the fittest. Jn the springtime
the strongest ami boldest mustang stallions were perpetually fighting, and
mnny of thorn succumbed to the ravages
of screw worms, aud the weaker horses,
which did not engage iu combat, were
left  to propagate the species.
Nearly all Mexican ponies show certain marked characteristics: a Hue
down the back and a cross over the
shoulder which we associate with the
humble donkey, frequently also the
bars on the fore legs. Browns, duns,
and grullas are common colors*, tlie bitter being the Spanish name for the
sandhill crane, a sort of smoky lavender color. They seldom exceed 14'/a
blinds, the majority being under 14, but
they are capable of great endurance,
carrying a man and the additional fifty
pounds of saddle and blanket through
many a day's work of over fifty miles
between sun up and sundown. As a rule
narrow, angular, droop rum ped uud
light boned, judged from our standpoint, it is the exception to find a
well shaped Mexican pony. Curiously
enough, though we find excellent cow
ponies among them (though I never
knew one to make a champion roping
horse), they have never furnished first-
class polo ponies. They all lack that
courage and nerve, that something
which enables the well-bred pony to eu-
dure the inteuse strain of the game
without flinching uud to give up his
last ounce of strength under punishment.
The Indiun pony is a very decided
improvement ou the Mexican both in
looks, conformation aud disposition,
which rather proves that the red Indian
wus a better horseman than the Spanish Indian. Circumstances favored the
former, however; his horses had the
choice of some of the richest grazing
lands in the world, while those of the
latter very frequently faced periods of
drought when actual starvation was
only averted by such scanty browsing
as the scrub and chaparral afforded.
Vour typical Indian pony is a very
compact, blocky little animal, quite
good looking, uud he makes an excellent
children's pony. It is a pity that in his
purity he is hurd to obtain nowadays.
The Indians were partial to "paints."
Improved sires were from time to
time imported from the East, until we
had that useful animal commonly
Known as a Texas horse. Be was hardy
and sound, but possessed uo particular
type and no very great commercial
value. Thoroughbreds, saddle horses,
trotters and other breeds of driving
horses, and latterly horses of ilia ft,
blood were introduced, but to none of
these breeds is the country indebted
for great improvement in ber cow
ponies and it was left to a comparatively unknown race of ponies to affect
a lasting benefit.
The American quarter horse has no
stud book, but it has nevertheless preserved its individuality and its marked
characteristics from tlie time wdien we
first find a record of the breed in the
notes of an Englishman visiting America before the War of Independence. He
mentions them iu southern Virginia
and North Carolina, and calls attention
to their racing qualities and to the fact
that they made excellent saddle horses
for the road (Wallace's Horse of America, page 115), Since that time we
get occasional glimpses of their history.
They are mentioned in the Americun
Stud Hook, Vol. 2, and quarter horse
names occur in the pedigrees of some
trotting horse families. Their influence
on the ponies of the Southwest iu especial and ou Western ponies in general,
lias been to imparl symmetry, weight,
docility and speed, resulting eventually
in the high-class polo pony which now
brings  such   fabulous   prices,
Thus us lightly sketched above wc
have arrived at the modern cow pony.
The ranchman of today with his smaller
acreage and bis fewer stock Cfltt afford
to pay Individual attention to his sad
die horses, lie knows each pony ami
his idiosvneracies, likewise each mau.
lie does fiot allow Pete to ride Si'Cross
because he knows I'ete uud the sorrel
don't get ou together. Ile lets |V|e
ride that, big Staple-O bay, uud .lake,
who never fights a high-strung horse,
gets the sorrel. As far as possible each
Baud is allowed to ride the horses of
his individual fancy. The boys learn
to regard their ponies with a certain
amount, of affection and pride, and are
always ready to bet ou their particular
A young range horse when first
caught fights wildly to escape the dreaded rope, which cuts off his wind and
galls his tender hide. I!is rushes and
plunges are like (lie efforts of a salmon which feels the restraint of the
angler's hook for the first time. He is
in n stnte of overpowering fear; the
loathsome smell of man, the needless,
ami to him, meaningless cruelty arouses
his every atom of fighting instinct. He
regards the approach of the othaur of
this misery us au Indication of further torture, therefore avoids personal
contact by every means in his power.
There were, find still are. however,
horses wbieb would fight from a purely
vicious desire to inflict injury. T bought
a large number of cow ponies from the
King ranch in southwest Texas several
years ago. The bands, all Mexican vac-
querns, handled them with marvelous
skill; they caught one, however, by mis
take which proved too much even for
them; he was an "outlaw," and he
gave'them a lively twenty minutes before they could turn him loose again.
He no sooner felt tbe rope tighten round
his neek thau be charged every two-
footed enemy iu sight, and iu u minute
he had ns all up on tbe feuce. He was
too wise to choke down, to opproaeh
him was impossible, and the third al
tentative of catching him by the forefeet aud thus throwing him was much
easier to advise than to accomplish. He
would rise on his bind legs and blindly
|iaw the air the moment he imagined a
man was iu striking distuuee. And this
reminds me that, in former times when
every cow pony was on the defensive,
one seldom saw one of them attempt
to light a man with its heels.
It is ordinarily a comparatively simple matter for a good roper to eutch a
horse by the fore feet, but it is a different job to accomplish iu a big pen
when it is impossible to get within
reasonable throwing distance. A dex
terous twist of the wrist us the rapidly
circling lariat leaves tbe hand causes
the upper side of the loop to drop
abruptly under the front feet; thc under side simultaneously swings upward,
striking the forearm above the knee;
the mun instinctively raises his right
hand, ami the horse, being iu rapid motion, it can perhaps be understood that
he, so to speak, really stops into the
snure thus presented and Ins impetus
tightens the loop automatically. The
puncher immediately throws the horse.
And that is how we eventually got rid
of my outlaw, ,
During the first opening of Indiun
lands for settlement, iu the famous
Cherokee Strip run, many horses of different breeds were brought down to
race for the choice locutions. The dis
tance varied up to fifteen miles and
more, and tlie best of the cow ponies
proved to be faster over the sandy,
treucberous footing than even the thoroughbreds iu trniuiug, of which a nura*(
ber were on hand. The latter, of necessity not of a very high class, were probably racing for higher stakes than they
bad ever contested for on the race
truck, it is true that tho men riding
cow ponies knew the country and the
lay of tbe laud better thnn the others,
and it is also true that they knew better themselves how to get over such a
country. A num who won a very choice
location not far from tne present towu
of Alva, on which was situated a valuable never-failing spring, told me that
he used two Texas eow horses, under 14
hands high. lie changed onto the lend
horse, ready bridled ami Huddled- ubout
half-wuy, jumping from one to the other as they gulloped at full speed, lie
said there were probably fifty other
men racing for the same prize. The
distance was sixteen miles, which he
covered iu 48 minutes; His was by no
means an unique experience; there were
many prizes to be won, aud it is a matter of record that thc Texas cow ponies
distinguished  themselves.
The ineomparuble lope, extended for
mile after mile without fatigue to horse
or rider, which is neither a trot nor a
canter but a mixture of both, is a gait
seldom acquired by any but Western
ponies. Many of them also develop a
fox trot to perfection. The latter, 1 noticed, puzzled folks iu England, who
cannot understand how a pony can distance tlieir hacks at a walk and can
keep pace with a slow trot without moving or jolting his rider in the saddle.
Humanely speaking, a horse's intelligence and docility are developed in pro
portion to the extent of his contact
with mankind. In the old days, when
cow ponies were caught, saddled aud
ridden to be turned loose again without
other handling, it is natural that these
qualities were not in evidence. It was
owing to their treatment aud not to
their disposition that tbey acquired a
bad name. Nowadays more civilized
methods are employed and u liorse is
gentled and broken instead of being
busted, und consequently acquires u
very different disposition.
The Western pony possesses an individuality and self-reliance uncommon
iu horses raised more or less iu confine
ment. It is uot necessary to guide him
around treacherous holes when galloping full speed across a prairie dog town,
neither is it necessary to look out for
stones and rocks along the road. When
he is led to a strange watering place
he i» very careful to satisfy himself
that thc bank is not boggy, and before
he will trust liis weight in the mud he
will test it with first oue foot aud then
another. Dozons of times l huve driven my buggy team over wooden culverts
from which a plank had been torn loose
without checking or warning them.
The most reliable, the most trustworthy and the most intelligent horse in
the world is perhaps to be found in the
Western pony as used for family purposes. He is a friend of the family,
a companion for the children. It is a
common occurrence to see two or three
and even four little tots riding along
bareback and threading their wuy
through the traffic of the county town
on the old family buggy horse—a former cow pony, I remember, two young
st.ers not over eight venrs old gallop
ig across lots to seeu polo game at
Tort. Worth, just.us hard as their roan
mare could lay foot to ground. Round
the comer went the mure and off -fliJW
Ihe children. Hut that roan pony would
no aooner run away from those children
than would tlieir 'old dog. Sin- sidled
up to a fence to allow them lo remount,
laving back her ears and pretending to
bite a chubby calf, the yellow dog enjoying the fun and jumping at her nose
with joyful barks. A friend from Sun
Angelo shared my amusement, and said:
"That old mare must be a sister of
old man Merchant's Charlie."
She probably was not a blood sister,
but she was a real Texas cow pony, and
no doubt someone hud "fought it out
with her with lump sugar."
A Personal Appreciation
DTRIN'ii the minority of the Duke
of Cornwall, heir apparont to tho
throne, tho Duke of Connaught is
destined to take a conspicuous place in
public duties and ceremonials. Already
he has been named successor to Karl
Grey as Govern or-Goneral of Canada
and ns representative of the King at
the opening of the first federal Parliament  in South Africa.
Tor both of these tasks the Duke of
Connaught is admirably equipped by
nature and by training. Like his
brother, the late King Edward, ho has
tart and capacity and industry that
would fit him for uny position. A correspondent  in  Ottawa  recently  hinted
that the duties of the Viceroy in Canada were more one it us thnn ornamental.
Mad he known the Duke cf Connaught
he would not have felt it necessary to
utter this warning, for his Koyal Highness has shown iu a long uud busy career that he is no idler and has uo ambition tu occupy a sinecure.
From the day—forty-two years ago
- when he entered the Koyal Engineers
he has worked at his profession, not us
a dilettante but as a serious and practical soldier. The record of his services
is iu itself a proof. He passed through
every branch of the Army—from sapper to gunner, from infantry to cavalry.
He commanded the Guards at Tclel-
Kebir in the Soudan campaign of 1882,
and shared with the Duke of Cambridge
the distinction of a Koyal Prince who
hud been under fire. Twice he bus held
a command in India, twice iu Kngland
and once in Ireland. Perhaps the severest test of his military capacity was
made in India, where he remained for
six years. The first three years were
spent in Bengal with the nink of major-general aud the lust three in command of the Bombay army. Only a
man who is a born soldier uud a hard
and conscientious worker can control
a great Indiun military district, The
Duke of Connaught in those years established his military reputation on a firm
basis and confirmed the impression
which the people had already formed
of his earnestness und capacity.
Those who imagine that uo disabilities attach to royalty know nothing of
the Duke of Connaught's bitter disappointment when be was forbidden to
share with his comrades the risks id' wur
in South Africa. But Queen Victoria
wus adamant, and her widowed daughter, 1'rincess Henry of Nuttenbcrg, was
at hand to remind her that death
knocks at the door of the palace as well
as at the door of the cottage.
A strict, disciplinarian and a diligent
officer, the Duke of Connaught commands tlm respect of the soldiers, while
his good nature uud his sense of humor
win their affection. Only of a commander with these human qualities
could be told this anecdote for which
his Koyal Highness is the authority,
A young subaltern putting a company
of infantry through their drill managed
to get them into a terrible muddle. The
Duke, who wus watching tbe effort, called the subaltern to him and asked,
have you any idea what your men nre
supposed to be doing?*' The boy saluted
and replied, with a confiding smile,
"Not the slightest, sir. Havo you?"
Thore is also the story that illustrates
both his humor aud one of the difficulties of his position. It is related that
at a reception at the Horse Guards the
Duke nsked un ollicer who had been
presented what he wanted. "Nothing,
thank you, sir,' wus the modest reply.
"My dear sir,' exclaimed his Koyal
Highness, shaking the astonished officer
vigorously by the hand, "I urn really
glad to meet you. It is a long time since
I met an Army officer who wanted nothing."
These anecdotes indicate characteristics that will appeal to Canadians, who,
while they love a Covernor-Oeneral who
is royal, delight especially iu oue that
can unbend and divest himself of ceremonial. And the Duke of Connaught
can do both, for though born iu the
purple he hus little taste for its formalities and knows the virtue of camaraderie. No Governor-General, we venture to predict, will prove more popular or more efficient iu the discharge of
his official and social duties. These
qualities will commend lam tu tue people of South Africa also. His visit, it is
true, will be one of ceremony, for it
murks a new epoch in tbe new Dominion. But bis Koyal Highness will give
to the ceremony an intimate personal
note. A great traveller, he has by instinct and experience the sympathetic
understanding tbat puts him at onee
into harmony with his surroundings. No
one ean feel'long a stranger in his pres
once or can withhold his innermost con
fidence. Aud he bus, too, thut broad
and imperial outlook which is the gift
of temperament and of travel, Many
people have perhaps forgotten the sacrifice he made iu order to retain the
nationality which is his pride. Without hesitation he gave up his claim to
the Grand Duchy of Saxe Coburg and
left to his nephew, the Duke of Albany,
the honors and emoluments of this great
Another qualification the Duke of
Connaught has to commend him to
Canadians und South Africans us well
as to Britons in every part of thi
world. He is a famous sportsman. Ai
everybody knows, he has lately return
ed from Kast Africa, where for the sec
ond time he appeared as a hunter of big
game, Nothing gives film greater plea
sure than these visits to the wilds it
search of adventure, and his delight, as
well ns his success, is shared by the
Duchess of Connaught, who is a keen
sportswoman and a splendid shot. If a
Prince of the Koyal House had the liberty of a private individual his Koyal
Highness would have limited his activities to sport and soldiering, for iu these
he recognizes his true metier. But the
conditions of his birth have imposed upon him duties in other spheres, and in
the discharge of these duties he has displayed conspicuous abilities aud iinsel-
fish patriotism. No stronger proof of
these qualities and of his active temperament could be found than in his
resignation of the Mediterranean command. At Malta he had a sinecure to
Which were attached both dignity and
emolument, and he hud the conscience
to abandon it and to give
This bold step has eon-
popular judgment of his
character ami has strengthened his reputation in the Army.
Like his nephew, King George, the
Duke of Connaught is devoted to his
home and his family, and loves to have
his children about him. In the Duehoes
he has a real comrade, eager to share
his pursuits uud his trnvels. A daughter
of the '' Rod Prince''—the hero of
Koniggrntz—Princess Louise Margaret
of Prussia was married at tbe age of
nineteen, and since the year 1879, when
she arrived in Britain, has established
herself in the esteem of tbe people.
Whether at Bagshot Park or nt Cl.tr-
once House, she takes kocii Interest iu
everything that concerns thc. welfare
of tenant or neighbor. Pri'ice Arthur
of Connaught, their only son, follows
tho profession of arms like his father,
Princess .Margaret, their eldest dnugh
ter, is the wife of the Crown Prince of
.Sweden, and is destined to f occupy a
throne, while. Princess Victoria Patricia
continues to l;c the constant companion
of the Duke au'l Duchess, botn at homo
and abroad.
Marvellous Feats Performed bg
the Dead
CO 1
A    RECENT    American    newspaper
tells of an express train, carrying
scores of passengers, running for
miles with the cold baud uf tbe dead
engineer graspiug the throttle.
Dike many other true incidents, the
story is more weird than any fiction.
The engineer was at nis post ou his side
of the enb, his head out of the window,
his hand on the throttle. The fireman
was attending to his duties, tossing coal
into the furnace, and now and then giving a blast of the whistle. Onee or
twice he spoke to the engineer aud got
not answer, but he supposed his mate
was uot In a talkative mood.
Aw the train approached a station
whore it was wont to stop the firemnn
gave a long blast on the whistle, the
signal that a hull wus to be made. Hut
the train sped ou with unsluckeued
speed. Nut until it had gone past the
station like a flash did the fireman's
suspicions   become   aroused.
"What's the mutter, Hillf" he ask
od. "We ought to have stopped
There was uo response, and tlie now
frightened fi renin u placed his hand ou
the engineer's shoulder, lie withdrew
it with a yell when he found the man's
body stiff in death. With a presence
of mind born of a life of danger, the
fireman quickly reversed tbe lever and
brought the train to a stop.
How long the engineer hnd been dead
is not known, but it was probably half
an hour or more. A weak heart, a slight
convulsion unnoticed by the busy fireman, und the engineer wns dead at his
post, while death's hand held the
Several years ago a Russian cemetery
was the scene of a weird wedding. A
young woman who had been betrothed
died suddenly on the eve of her marriage. Great preparations had been
made for the wedding, and the bridegroom uud his friends determined that
the Intervening hand of death should
uot interfere with the ceremony.
The funeral cortege then became a
bridal party. The bridegroom walked
beside the cof-iii containing the body
of his fiancee as it was borne to the
cemetery. At the grave the marriage
ceremony was performed, after wdiich
the body of the bri le. dad in her wedding garments, was lowered into the
The story of the Phantom Ship or the
Plying Dutchman, who for blasphemy
was condemned to try iu vain to beat
around Cape Horn until tbe Day of
.judgment, has its modern example in
the fate of the ship "General Sigliu,"
about ten years ago. The "General Sigliu " sailed from San Francisco for Alaska, but never reached ber destination,
Months Inter tho scaling schooner Arietis was cruising about 200 miles off the
coast of British Columbia when she
sighted a ship. The Arietis signalled
the schooner, but got no answer. Running closed to the vessel, the crew of
the Arietis made out the figure of a
man at the helm, grasping the wheel,
his gaze apparently fixed intently
ahead. The man at the wheel was hailed, but returned no answer.
The story of the ship's fate can ouly
be conjectured, us mme of her crew was
ever seen alive. It is supposed that the
vessel was caught in a storm and began
to leak badly, and the crew deserted
her, the captain refusing to leave his
Not many years ago a valuable cup
was won iu a bicycle rnce in Australia
bv a man who was dead when he passed
the winning-post. The rue? took place
before a crowd estimated at 10,000 persons. The betting was lively and thc
contest, close, and tlie spectators were
worked up to a high pitch of excite
ment. In Ihe last lap .lames Somer
ville, one of the riders, forged ahead
ami got such a lead thnt victory wus assured. When within twenty-live yards
of tbe finish those nearest to him saw
him relax his hold on the handle bars
ami lose his footing on the pedals.
Amid frantic cheers of the spectators
he sped past the goal, winning the race
by a few yards, and pitched forward
from his machine. When he was picked
up he wus dead, and doctors declare the
spark of life left his body when he was
seen to lose his grip on the handle bars.
It was a lifeless body that had crossed
the line a winner.
Many sportsmen will recall the part
which the proprietor of a London gambling house was made to play after
death. The man's name was Crockford, and he owned many race horses.
The day before tho Derby one of Crockford 's horses was poisoned, and the misfortune brought on au attack of apoplexy which caused his death late that
night. Mnny of his friends had staked
large sums on Croekford's horses, which
were disqualified by the death of the
owner. Only a few knew of his sudden
death, however, and these were sworn
to secrecy.
On the day of the race Croekford's
body was made to look ns lifelike as
possible and was placed in a chair at an
upper window of bis home, partly eon*
coaled by the luce curtains, People going to the Derby ami passing the house
saw the figure at tbe window am) cheered him. It was said that Crockford was
not well and wns unable to attond the
rnce. His horses won, nnd the next day
it wns nnnouncod that Crockford wns
dead. It was sovcral years, however,
before the true facts leaked out.
Of all thc stories of the dnys of chivalry none is moro interesting than how
the Cid Campeador, "God's scourge upon the Moors," won a buttle nfter
death. Tho Cid died at Valencia, and
before deatli directed that his body bo
taken to Castile, .lust ubout this time
n mighty army laid seigo to Valencia,
but the story is best told in tho quaint
language of the chronicler:
"All this whilo the company of the
Cid were preparing oil things to go
into Castile, as ho had commanded before his death, and his trusty Gil Diez
did nothing olso but labor at this. And
the body of Cid wns prepared nfter this
manner: First, it was embalmed nnd
anointed as the history has already recounted, and tho virtue of tjio bnlsnm
and myrrh was such that tho flesh remained firm and fair, having its natural
color, and his countenance as it was
wont to be, and his eyes open, and his
long board jn order, so there wbb not a
man who would have thought him dead
if he had seen him and not known it.
And Gil Diez placed the body upon a
right noble saddle, and this saddle, with
the body upon it, he put upon a frame;
aud he dressed the body in a gambax
of fine sendal next the skin. And he
took two boards and fitted them to the
body, one to the breast aad the other to
the shoulders. These were so hollowed1
out and fitted that they met at the sides
and under the arms, and the hind one
came up to the poll and the other up to
the beard, and these boards were fastened to the saddle so that the body
could not move.
'Now, Alvar Fane/ Miuaya had set
the host in order, aud, while the Bishop
Don Hieronymo and Gil Diez led the
way with the body of the Cid and Doua
Ximena and the baggage, he fell upou
the Moors. Aud so great wus the up
roar and confusion that few there wero
who took arms, but instead thereof tbey
turned their backs ami tied toward the
"Aud when King Bucar und his
kings saw this they were astonished.
And it seemed to them-that there came
against them on the part of the Christians full 70,000 knights, ull white as
snow, und before them a kuight of
great stature upon a white horse with a
bloody cross, who bore in oue hand a
white banner and in the other a sword
which seemed to be of fire, and he made
a  great  mortality among the Moors."
TUE interest which has been aroused
iu Loudon by Mr. II. B. Irving's
masterly impersonation of tbe
dual role of the high-minded Dr. Jekyll
and his other self, the villainous Mr.
Hyde, led to the asking a West-end specialist in diseases of the brain whether
there were any such cases of dual personality iu real life.
"Quite a number," he promptly replied; "although I hnve uever heard of
such striking contrasts as those of Dr.
Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. On several occasions, however, 1 have come into contact with men who, with a reputation
for kindness ami geniality, would do tbe
most cruel things ut times. A curious
kink in the nature of a West-country
farmer whom I knew led him to treat
dogs and cats with Abominable cruelty,
lie took fiendish delight iu torturing
and starving them, ami yet this samo
man was exeeedinly popular with everybody in bis neighborhood and continually iloing acts of kindness towards tbe
children of the village near which he
lived. He candidly confessed to me
that the sight of a eat or dog seemed
to arouse every savage instinct in him,
uud he came to me to see if I could
do anything for him. 1 could ouly suggest that he should rigidly exclude cats
and dogs from his home. This, I believe, he has done.
"Another case was that of a mau
who had periodical fits of moroseness,
nud absolutely declined to speak to his
wife or chiblien for days together when
the attacks seized him; and yet, wbcu
they had passed away, he was the best
of husbands and fathers, aud was continually expressing his sorrow to his
wife and children for the pain he caused them. Tbey recoguized, however,
that he was the victim of some psyscho-
logical trick which medical science
could not fathom, readily forgave him,
and endeavored to take uo notice of his
attacks. But they grew worse, and at
last 1 advised him to go away whenever he felt them coming on, and stop
until the attack was over. He adopted
this plan, aud I had a letter from him
a short time ago in which he said that
he thought he was getting much bettor.
"It is the case of a woman, however,
that one finds some extraordinary cases
of dual personality. Cue of the most
remarkable cases I have ever met with
was that of a young woman who had a
very fine voice! Her parents were anxious to have it cultivated, and placed
their daughter under tbe tuition of a
vocal instructor, who promised a brilliant future for the embryo singer. But
the young woman said she could not
sing a note, did not want to sing, anyway, ami distracted her parents and instructor with her fits of melancholy
and stubbornness, in which she refused
to take the slightest interest in her
vocation, and yet she could sing like
a lark.
"Personally I believe that a good
many eases of kleptomania are due to
a dual personality which forces a woman to steal against her will. Then,
again, very frequently imaginary iovo
affairs between married men and
strange women they meet are caused by
a dual personality. A man of a religious turn of mind, quite home loving
ami for years a family man, will suddenly be obsessed by a personality that
is unaccountably attracted to a type of
woman from whom he would turn in
horror under ordinary circumstauees;
but during the obsession this creature
appeals to him as the highest typo of
femininity, for whom he is willing to
sacrifice wife, homo, children, and
"I remember a short time ago the
ense of a woman was brought under my
notice who was frequently obsessed by
a cringing und fearful natnro that led
her to believe her husband had determined to poison her. So fixed wns the
idea that, taking hor children, she abandoned her husband and went to America. In her normal state sho laughed at
the idea, but under the influence of the
detached personality she could not froe
herself from the obsession.
"As a rule the transition from one
of theso phases of personality to another is preceded by grave nervous
symptoms, and accompanied by interrupted digestion and sleeplessness.
Whnt is the method of cure? Ono can
only advise change of air and scenery,
mode of living, etc., in such cases, for
the simple reason that so much depends
upon tho will of thc patient. At the
same time, much may be done by quiet
reasoning und suggestion."
HEAR    about    Perkins f        Prettj
"No.   What?"
"The poor fellow dropped into the
vernacular, bumped ngainst a hard word
and split his infinitive." TUB ISLANDER, CUMBKR1-AXD.
New Christian Scriptures ?
'I^HKKE ha» been put forth recently
[  sL    from   tbe   Cambridge  University
PretM a work iu two volume*! wlm li
[ Bay embody one ot tbe most remark
princes  King  David  is  hIho  included,
who is held in plight .>.*-. iiuiUU.n by the
There differences of opinion, say* Dr
Bay embody one of the most re raw* lo(, t0 „ oom?lete S8plirat,on
able corroborations of Biblical birtor , bulk rf (he j^.^
that has ever been made.   The au hor ^ ^ rf Jmiah
ta D, IM1«M#•»/;* J* ^kILd settled in Damaecu. under the lead
I tab Theological 8em narv ,n Hew, \ of tho B      R,
City, and he discovered the document
which has new been made public in the
I Oenizah, or immuneript store-room of
I the synagogue at Cairo; and if the opinion of one authority may be accepted
wo havo in this fragment a record cf
the activities of the early Christians
which antedate*! the Oospels.
That is, using tho word "Christians"
tn the significance of "followers of
Christ." For the first disciples did uot
condemn the Jewish law, but superadded to their acceptance of it belief
In Christ s Metwiahabip. It was Paul
who placed the new worship upon au
Independent basis; and tho New Testa
ment bears ample record of the antagonism between thu .ludni/.ing Christians
tnd those who no longer bound them-
Selves by the Mosaic ritual. Had the
Jewish nation retained its Independence
the triumpu of the "independents"
wight have been less easy; but the fall
of Jerusalem in the year 70 overthrew
the prietttly hierarchy and left the way
clear for the foundation of the new
fnith upon the principles set forth by
This document has reference to a sect
of Jews who, if thoy accepted Christ.
had 1*0 little conception of the revolutionary cunnge to be wrought by his
teachings, foresaw so little the results
of Paul's activities, that the record affords no certain clue to the personality
of any of the religious teachers to which
it alludes. Professor Bcheehter. indeed,
puts Forth the theory tentatively that
thiH was a sect which broke away from
the main body about the year 200 B.C..
and thnt their document is a comment
•ry upon tiie lireeian persecutions. It
le Dr. inargollouth, of the British M.U-
seii'ii. who rends Into it an antil'nulire
message and ascribes its date to the
time of the destruction of the Toinplr
by Titus, some forty years after
death of Christ.
Tlie discovery of this document i
result of a iournoy made by Dr. Seheeh
ter tn tlie Cairo synagogue some years
•go. on the occasion of which he succeeded In obtaining permission from the
authorities to examine their store-room.
In which for centuries discarded inanu
scripts, ennnldered too holy to be destroyed, had been deposited and forgot
ten.' Dr. Sehpchter. who was at that
time Remler of Rabbinic nt Cambridge
University, took home with h'tn a   vast
quantity of manuscripts of ancient date,
In even- condition of decay, for examination, fine ni these manuscripts proved
to be the Hebrew text of the apocryphal
booh of I'Velesiustieus. fer whose dis
eoverv. made "not without dust." ns
the Latin text of the university's nd-
flress quaintly says, he received (lie degree of Li't.D. The manuscript now
tin.ter consideration is 'the further re
-suit of nn examination of Br. Schech-
t*?r'*j ■'."■■nverieH.
In thi" " IWinmMst of Tew'sh Sectaries," ns the author culls it. Bv. fleheel.-
t,»r open no ncenn'nt nf the beliefs nf n
bn.lv f.f .Tews wlm formed n schism
abmit the venr 200 p..,,,, nnd migrated
to PniVinnenn, where thev founded n cult
of their own, bused o» 'he Mopnle laws,
but containing, in adiiitinri, a belief In
tbe nnnenrn.ieo nf n Messiah, who had
died  but whose return was confidently
"The dn'eetlve ststo nf the M.S.."
fpr.t,>« Or. Rnbeehter, "and the corrunt
condition of the text in sn many places
ruiiti-fi-j it Impossible t« draw a complete
pb-titre of the Sent, Yet what remains
/ offers na -■ fow d-ntlnct features n»d
§n1|pnt n«".in's ennbl'ntt us tn catch a fow
crlisiinuf". of 'lie hi^torv of th" Sect,  its
HUM   nnnivi   in   •.'•*..... -_.. „-    ....
ership of thc Star, and there established the New Covenant. Unfortunately,
there is a lacuna in the text at this
interesting point, but it is inferred
from another passage thai tbe Only
Toacher found his death at Damascus,
but was expected to rise again, The
sect existed in Damascus for a considerable period. It consisted of four en-
states: I'rietsts, Levi ten, Israelites, and
The annals of Jewish history contain
uo reference to any sect that cnu be
completely identified with this one, says
Dr. Bcheehter. lie considers that this
may be regarded as u branch of the
Xadokites, a rather obscure Beet whose
tenets, ia general, agree with those,
aud related to the Dosubeans.
Bo much for Dr. Scheeluer's learned
exposition, H Is a remarkable contribution to our knowledge of the rather
obscure period uf lewish history which
evened between the re establishment of
tho nation and tlie Woman protectorate.
But Dr, Margoliouth 's suggestion is
that Dr. Schechter had antedated his
period ami that the sect in question
was actually one of the earliest bodies
o! Jewish-Christians. Here is Dr. Mar-
gollouth's explanation:
"Oue of thc  iirHt clear  impressions
toward the Baptist and Jesus were none
other thau the Boethusians (perhaps
identical with the great company of
believing priests of Acts vi., 7), who
not unnaturally liked to dwell ou the
identity of meaning between their name
and that of the 'Teacher' Unless, In*
deed, a better explanation of the phrase
is forthcoming, it is uot too much to
say that we have here come upon the
true key to every part of the riddle
aud the entire situation.
"But who is the 'man of scoffing'
who is 'sent' throughout Israel to pervert the nation aud turn them away
from the Law? It is clear that if thc
two preceding identifications are correct this third personage must be none
other than i'uul the Apostle, who would,
from the judaizlng point of view, be
regarded as ono of the worst enemies
of the faith.
"Such are the identifications here
proposed, and it is clear that if accepted they would constitute a striking reference to the sect's Christian origin
by thc virtually contemporary Jewish
"Another apparently inevitable conclusion of the whole matter, therefore,
is that we huve here to deal with a
primitive Judueo-Christino body of people who consisted of priests and Levi tea
hclongii g to the Hoethnsinn sectiuu of
the Hndducenn party, fortified—as the
document shows—by a considerable Is
melitWh lay element, bosldoa a real
and contemplated admixture of proselytes."
If Dr. Margoliouth's interpretation
be correct we have in this document a
Christian record antedating that of the
arliest of the Gospels—that of Mark,
.'hose composition is generally believed
to have occurred at about the end of
the first century of the present era
i the
ouiii Uj Dr.
gained from the reading of the text is
dial it reprosonls a personal address
of a religious lender lo his followers,
laying down In tlie form of a manifesto
Ihe principles of belief and practice by
which they were to be guided, and at
the same time especially denouncing
certain opponents of the religious views
which he wishes established.
"We at the outset meet with the
beliefs in two great personages who had
been sent to strengthen and enlighten
the Hebrew nation. The first of these
was the Messiah (though not distinctly
sty-led nt the begini.ing of the docu-
ment) continn* 'from the family of Aar-
ii und from Isreal,' and the second is
styled the 'Teacher u.' Righteousness,'
who was also designated by the title
of Messiah.
'"Iluse MesslahB hn
document was composed,
both expected  to appear
days.'   A third pdrsonag
IN Pearson's for January, .....
woodward gives a very vivid and
picturesque account or the nieunsi
of quenchit.g London's water thirst. Hei
says that "a year's supply of the water
consumed in London would make a lake
about four miles square and "ti feet
deep, wherein could ride all the warships
of the world.'' The population supplied is crowded on five hundred srpiare
miles. All the reservoirs in London are
.nnnected with each other. More than
■JiiO engines work day nnd night, with
the power of 40,000 horses, to raise the
great mass of water that London drinks
tally, weighing over l.nno.OOO tons, to
a height equal to that of Nelson's
monument in Trafalgar Square. These
nrgli es consume in n year more than
UV1 000 tons of coal.
'I here are more than 3.000 workmen,
and a salaried staff of more than 800
continually employed. The old Water
Companies were bought nut for £47.000,-
000, and London's water supply is owned by London, working thrnngh the
Metropolitan Water Board, a trust composed of men of the widest and deepest
experience in local government, Including nt nresonl the Lord Mavor. twenty
( oronatlnn mnyors, and the present
County Connc'l's chairman. The object
of the trust is tn supply the purest water
at the euenpest rnte. I? a profit were
made, the rate would be lowered. If
the utldertaltit'g were run nt a Inss, a
deficiency rate would be levied. At
nt moment  no tomtit  '- «*«■in
of architecture, and white possessing artistic merit, it was constructed with a
view to the greatest post-able utility. It
is rectangular iu form, with an iuner
court .HO feet wide uud Hi" feet long.
The power house, which is located at
I tbe northwest comer, completes the rec-
1 tangle.   It is as nearly fireproof as any
building can in- made.   There is au elaborate treatment of the main entrance
with  mosaic   floors,   marble  walls,  aud
staircases,   which   are   distributed   ia
such a way aa to facilitate thc egress
of the  employees  in  case  of a  panic,
whether from fire or other causes, making fire-escapes unnecessary,   The basement is used for the storage of the immense quantities of paper required for
the needs of the office, from forty to
sixty tons being used each working day.
There is here also a large plate vault
with a storage capacity of approximately two milliou electrotype plates,   Electricity  drives  six  hundred   motors attached to as many machines, lights the
building, heats workmen's tools, melts
binders' glue and operators' metal, rings
the bells that assemble aud dismiss the
forces, registers the time of receipt aud
dispatch, of  copy,  runs  the  elevators,
proviuos the energy for mailing machines aud computing devices, and supplies
the power for the transmission ot' copy
and proof through pneumatic tubes.'
The working force is found to amount
thc aggregate to almost four thousand  employees.    The skilled  workmen
are, with  lew exceptions, members of
the   unions  of   iheir  crafts.    The   expend it it re   for   one   yea r   a moun l ed tu
very  nearly six and a quarter millio"
dollars.    The cost of the machinery in
use is over two million dollnrs. Among
the huge works turned out from this office is mentioned the case of thc United
Stutes   versus  the  Standard  Oil  Com-
[pany, comprising twenty one volumes, or
more than twelve thousand octavo pages.
|'Ihe smartest piece of work mentioned
Marcus is as follows:
"A few days since," snid an official
of thc institution, "there was set, read,
corrected, revised, imposed, printed,
bound, nud placed on a vessel at New
Vork City about to sail for Kurope, to
be used before The Hague Tribunal, a
book of 475 pages, all in the French language, the copy for which was received
at ihe Government printing ollice just
Potty-eight hours before the completed
book was placed on the steamer. The
volume was o a confidential nature, its
contents to be used between this country and Brazil."
'Ihe postcard branch can turn out oue
hundred    and    seventy five,   millions   of
rds each month.
ASSURANCES ISSUED Coiumutf.damtll.ia.W0*
PREMIUMS ON SAME       ItOfiSUfl   laenmtMus.
OA8H PREMIUMS        T*2MJ5   IncnuttSTfA
INTEREST        16,018.44   lomimttM.
TOTAL CLAIMS ALL PAID—(4). ...       13,635.10
ASSETS       I02.197.00   IlCWtBH »«M.
RESERVE ON POLICIES       11*432.13   UeraaM 67 px.
QROS3 SURPLUS       183,892.00
NET SURPLUS—Over til LlabllitlM..        13,477.00   IniimwUfA
INVESTMENTS —Tke Company hit <iw«pti*>nalljr good fuilitlM »d
orffi  i*»t'n*. 'nr inve^n*pT>t. of fn*.ilii. all of which' aro boing plaroil
in Hint mc*rtgag*-i ti Improved Wetter* farm.   The ComftJtj hu
nevor lobi u uuUur ou ai.y of its investment**.
For every |ll» iareeted, the Company holda teeurity ef $ttO.
INTEREST—The nveragp rate of intercut In 1S09 earned by British
<'oni|>iuiii*B whb 4..14 per teat.; by American ci/mnanica, 4.R4 per cent.;
hy Cana.'inn oompanica, 5.41 per cent.; by the Monirch Ufe ll 1S09,
6.67 per cent., and ln 1910, 7.(9 per cent
The Average Cimrtiin Life Policy unmnta te $1-574, the Monarch
Life Average boing 12,385.
Tin* Company still mainttlna ita reputation ef nctirinr* its bnsineaa
at a low expanse ratio. The Total Termination from all acvreea ia
exceedingly small.
A complete copy of the Annual Statement, Including a aynopeia of
the addressee of Ihe President, Mr, .T. T. Gordon, and of the Viec-1'resi-
ricnt, Mr. N. Bawlf, it of internet, and will be forwarded to any address
upon reqneBt.
,T. T. Gordon K. 8. Popham. M.D. C. K. Gordon
N. Bawlf O. P. Carrulhcrs It. II. Otto
K. h, 'luylor, K.C. 0. A. Charlton, M.D. B. G. Ironside
Hon. H. Rogers Jas. Murphy T. .1. 8. SVnner
D. a Bprague U. W. Echlin J. W. W. Stewart
President Vice Pre* Uenta
Managing Director Secretary and Actuary
"\-|)T overyono Knows that mould and
1\ bacteria arc cBsentiiil to good
cheese, Of those which are ripened by mould, there arc two groups,
one in which mould gathers on the cut-
si.ic. forming 11 distinct rind, tho other
in whirh il occurs III green streaks in-
si.lc tbo cheese. Comenibort and Une
arc In Ihe former class, while Roquefort is the best known of the kilter.
In the ripening of Ciimemuert it wus
lung known that moulds had some func
tion. The French investigators, Roger
laud Man', considered thut this consisted
In changing the reliction of the freshly
male curd from acid to nlklllino, after
which   liactcria   nonmietcd   llie   actual
The Tomilntlnn supplied outnumbers BOfteuing of Ihe curd. t has- been
,1     111.        ulalio,   of  Scotland  nndM„m„, ffowever, by Inter investigation
-ie:,' » »    '   '""'J;?1" I that i species of Peneiniun, (1- caiucin
lordly by dav ribniit B>>i »mU» berti Thorn)   .-Mr.   -   -n   mind ,0
The chceeo is made so Ilmt it contsins
chauueU, crttcks, nnd nir cavltieH frum
Iho first throughout, '..tin permits the
mould to begin growing us soon as tho
I'heesc is made, 'llie cheese is much
harder thau Camombert—about 40 per
cent. Wuter, It nlso requires u longer
time to ripen. The minimum ripening
period is probably at least two mouths-
while the time uctuully used is generally much longer,
Stilton cheese, made from cow's milk
in Kngland, suid Gorgonzola, made in
Italy, are also ripened largoly by the
agency of the same species of mould-
but in these eheesca inoculation with
the mould te not generally practised.
The choesos are, however, pretty well
filled with the mould in fairly pure culture. Scientists, conclude from this
stale of affairs that the Roquefort species of mould is no well adapted to conditions found within such cheese that,
once in a factory, it becomes the doin
inant species within Sfuch cheesed with
out inoculation.
It Eubs Paiu Away.—There Is no liniment so ellieaciuus ifi overcoming pais
as Or. Thomas' Eclectric Oil, The hand
(hat rubs it in rubs the pain away, and
on this account there is nu preparation
that stands so high in public esteem,
There is no surer pain killer procurable,
as thousands can attest win. have used
it successfully in treating many ailments.
ad di
^ bet we
-eb.imo. nnd  itt* relation to the rest of
the nation,
" \fter Mi*1 (•nmnletie't of SQfl yearn,
forminc ih" Rnrl of ^he Wrath, nr. ns it
vpn<j termed i" another olnee, 'the pud
of the deonWinn of thr ln"d.' Keffnn
tpiit), th-i deVreririt! ef THrael i-to the
band« of WbiiefmdnPMnr the Kintr of
pnbvlon, fled, we nre told, mndo bud
from T«rnel nnd *nrnn n brnneh to in-
iin-i* hi** Innd, Thin wn»H brintr uo to
v;'rt-n a (renemtten of Rimon the .Titit,
who  flom-i«l,ed  dhflilt   2«n   P.P.      For
tvf-ntv v."iri. hrt-vever. elonelv ffllnw-
ivcr (>,p Pt,,i of the Wrnth. T«-rnel WAS
blind, 'rroning it« wnT. been use of the
evil ofPp.'ffl of t(,o erroneonH teachings
of the M«-« ef Srofflng. who led l«rnel
gtirrnv. Trii« ht-inm) a« into the midst
c.f ♦h'1 r7°llenb>Hc pertwenHons nreeed-
t)i<7 the Wnefnbean revolt ("about 17(1
RP.V But nt l*Ht. an it would seem,
ttiia splon from \nron and Tnnm! over-
gftmo nil dlfflcuHien nnd writ* reeog'iiziwl
Su the T-'-ieliPr of rTivMeotisnets who^e
01)union In *o muke Tnrael walk in the
-Wflvn . f find nnd to undo the evil
wro'Mflit in ii former generation.
"This Teacher (« nine palled the 'Only
TiMf'tipr' nr the 'Onlv One' and i« iden*
ileal with 'the Lawgiver who Inter-
pretn thn hiiw* referred to in connection with uie nrinren and nobles 'who
went forth out tit the land of .Tudnh.'
The activity of theme latter, though
reprenenting both Aaron and Tnrenl. con-
fisted onlv in enntinuieg nnd carrying
out the prceentn of the Lawgiver, in
whieh thev were 'to walk ie 'hem for
the f-nd of nil wickedness.' Th:" neetns
to be the period intervening between
the first npnenrance of the Teneher of
Plghtenunnefn fthe founder of the Sect)
who wan gathered in (or died! and the
•econd anpenrnnce ef the Tenener of
Pighteoiinnesn who In to riue In 'the
end of the dnyn,' Apparently thin Anointed ("W wnn rejected bv the gretit
bulk of the nation who 'spoke rebellion ' ngainst him,
"What must be especially noted is
thi-.* the Menslah of the Sect i« n orient,
A d'-scendaet from Aaron nnd Tnrnel, Of
a Menninh descending from .TiHnh there
|n nr. mention in our text, Indeed, 'after the comnletlng of the et««l one shall
not inln the house of Indnh ' whilst
the nrinee« of .In-'ah will be vis'ted
by   the   wrath   of   Clod.     Among   these
Whv naffer from corns when thev par
be nntnlonnly rooted out by using ITnllo
way's Corn Cure.
d when the
but they were
'iu  the latter
•, called in one
niaee a -man of scofHng1 aud in another1
'Belial,'   is  put   forward   as  a  special
murk   for  denunciation.     The   charge
made against him is that he was engaged in detaching the people from the ordinances of the Law and sound principles of morality.
"The question, then, in what historic
characters are mount by these three
parsonages. If we can succeed in finding the right answer to this question
the problem will be solved. Professor
Hehecbter's answer—which, to do him
justice, in put forward with much hesitation—seems unsatisfactory on all
point n.
Now. it seems impossible to read
the characterization of the Messiah descended from Aaron and Israel, at the
beginning of the text, without think-
Irg of .lohn the Baptist. John the Bap
list, be it remembered, was the son of
a priest. According to Lncau tradition,
his mother was also of priestly descent.
But this does not stand in trie way of
believing that there was a strain of
unpriestly Isnielitish blood in the family. Thin particular branch of the sect
consisted, an we shall see later, mainly
of priesth and Israelites, and it was
therefore necessnry to ensign to their
Messiah au origin which would satisfy
both parties.
There seems, therefore, nothing
strange in the supposition here put for
ward that .lohn the Bai-tint. whose hiph
mission wan acknowledged by large
numbers of the people, was acclaimed
by the priestly party as in some sense
Messiah or 'anointed' leader of the
*'Rut a more Important identification1
is to follow. If lohn the Baptist was
tho priestly Menninh referred to at the
beginning of the document, the 'Teacher nf Righteousness' who is stated to
hnve followed him must be .Testis himself.
"A remarkable and truly surpising
confirmation o* the Iden't'tv of .Testis
with the 'Teacher of Wighteousness'
anneiirs to be provided for ns on page
two of the document. Tt. is thero said
thnt 'in the explanation of his name
(i.e., the Messiah's name) are also
their names,'   Whnt does tn-s meant
"Now, thc Boethusians. who nre commonly believed to have been a variety
r.f Sftddncees. dcr'vod their title from
a priest npmed Boethus. But the mean
ing of Boethus is the same as that of
'hn II»V.h»w nam" renrenented by .Testis.
The inference would, therefore, be that
the sect'-on of the Zudokites or Saddu*
ceos who adopted an attitude of .belief
tallona of water.    1-Verv day a barrel
•f wator is consumed by every man. wo-
nan   nod  child.  In   London—that  is to
ay. 32 gallons per head per day.  Each
Lot-donor cOi*niimes in n day more than
twice  hi1*  weight   in   water.    The  cost
o the consumer   works   out   at   about
'id. for a hundred bpcketsful, the ot-,
■ense of snnplyleg the water nt about!
Rd, per thousand gallons, and thn "i-nsnl
"evenu" "er thousand gallons is
7d. and «d. . I
The Thames yields more than h-'lf the!
wator that London connumen.   The remainder   pontes   from   the   Rivor   Lea,
from   gravel  beds beside  the  Thames,
nnd flt Hanworth, from natural springs,
nd   from   various  dopn   wells  -Mink   in
the chalk in the Lea Valley and In Kent.
The wuter is stored in slxtv-two storage
reservoirs.     For three or four wooW or
■ore  the  water  is  stored  nnd  purified
before it is passed on for consumption.
It  spends  twentv-fonr boors i-i  percolating through the filter beds.   The larg
tt service reservoir—the largest of the
kin* In the world*—is nt Honor Onk.
The Wuter Board nrobnblv looks further ahead and makes more plans for
■ hp dlstni't fntpve th?n nnv nntilte nuth-
t.Titv In the world. Besides its ordinary
staff or 4,000, there are 2.000 workmen
In the pnv of contractors working not
only for the seven million Londoners of
today, but for the sixteen million customers of the year 1041. The scheme
»f the future takes tiie form of a chain
of reservoirs to be constructed in nn-
pntlnn of thi* futn'-e need, birlt in
the direction in wlreh the population
grows with the coming Ihirtv venrs.
Five or six years mav go tn the bail 1
ing of n reservoir. The rpservoir new
building nt l hingford, tn Flsnex, will h»
. ,d onlv to store the nurnlus water of
tlie B'ver Lon. Tt will exceed in en-
tent four hundred acres, nnd when pom
pleted, some time next venr it will coyer
n larger nre» thnn the whole o" TT
Bark. The Water Board's laboratory
U presided rover by Br. Houston, wheTS
noon nntnnlen of water are exit mi noil
in the course of the year. Br. Houston
has made the ■xtrnnrilinnrv d'seovery
thnt stornge in itself reduces the number of ..aeteria of all norts. dovital'r.es
the microbes of water borne diseases,
and reduces the amount of suspended
UB always present u,
erete**. an enzyme capable of changing
the hard, sour curd of the newlv male
cheese into the se t, ripe cheese, although without the characteristic flavor
which .seems to depend upon the action
of "Oi Iium lnctis" and various species
Of baeleria.
In the commercial handling of Cam-
embert cheese this organism has been
shown to develop best under the conditions found in the factories of Normandy. Success In tho handling of this
i-heose seems to depend upon such a
regulation of conditions as will permit
VI ANY und varied are the .stories of
AI    lost treasures?   It would seem al
b-jiuii.uu UcAJOhtGi., i.:u Uibcuvei'cr
of the Document
THR Bulletin of the Pan-American
1'nion contains nn account of the
United States Government, print
ing office. Thc first government prnt
it g office wns established in 18fi0. The
present one is snid to be tho largest
printing plant in the world:
"The building is 17.r. by 408 fvet, is
seven stories h'gh. exclusive of basement and loft, and has nn actual working floor space of over six neres. thc
total floor space, including the basement, being not lens than eight acres.
The building is nf the Renaissance stylf
Shifoh's Cim
Mtcblr •»•»■imitu,  nm •■••£•• *•«•
just tiie right development of the
■ '.unciubert " I'diic'dliiim, of Oidimn,"
a'id of tue slime bacteria which also
grew in the rind of the cheese. Ibeee
inditiin. biietly are:
(,1) A fresh cheese should contain between Ii.1) and (ID per cent, of water,
winch is reduced during the ripening
period of about four weeks to 48-80 per
nt,; {%) a relative au nudity in the
ripening room of So tu !»2 per cent.;
(8) temperature between 50 nnd 58 deg.
Kahr. Within these limits a considerable variety of results can be secured
by slight changes in oue or the other
If the humidity is too high, bacteria
and "Oidium" will completely overgrow and suppress the " Pcnicillium";
drop the humidity 2 to •■ per cent, and
they ean be nicely balanced; drop it
again as much, and the " IVnicillium"
will completely cover the cheese and
smother all other growth; drop tho re
Intive humidity slill again, and *'1\
camember! i" loses its dominance nnd
is more or less completely replaced by
green species, Success is thus seen to
depend upon accurately knowing
Conditions best suited to thc
be handled.
In Roquefort nnd cheeses of its class,
• he mould "PenieMlium roqueforti" is
c.irefullv inoculated from bread cul-
lures, which are propagated by the best
of laboratory methods.
most that in nil the earlier settled
districts of Ontario there are treasures
buried, to flint which would mean eternal Opulence to the fortunate finder.
Many of these stories aro undoubtedly
myths, but it is equally true that a
goodly numuer nre based upon more or
less authentic facts, so that a story of
a lost treasure that in itself evidences
a considerable degree of reasouable.aess,
and is substantia tod by material evidence nnd thc word of people yet living, may net be uniuterestii-'g,
About midway between the towns of
Oshawa and Whitby, ou the north shore
of Lake Ontario, is situated what  ap
pears at the present time to be nothing
more than a bleak, barren marsh, wiih
its   uninviting   bogs   and   dense   over ;
growth of rushes and vegetation peculiar to such places.    It wus not always
thus, nowever, for many years ago this
tame area was a body uf water of con-
i'ulerable deptn, being in reality u bay
>f ihe lake.   'Ihe story goes that during
he wur with tho United States in 1818
the bay afforded shelter to a Canadian
schooner while engaged in carry in** gold
specie from Kingston for the pay of ih"
militia  stationed  at   Vork.    Tne  vessel
was Bulling \\]i the lake before a brisk
sou Vaster  late  in  the  afternoon  of a
September day  in  the year   1818, und
when a few mites west of Oshawa harbor it sighted an American boat, one of
Ihe pirate type that were prevalent on
'he   great   lakes  during   the   war   and
wrought  aavoe  with Canadian  vossels.
The captain knew the coast fairly well,
..nd he Immediately thought of the bay
as a means Of escape, reckoning that the
American    boat,     being     uf     greater
draught,  would   be  unable  to   navigate
the   comparatively    shallow    entrance.
Witli all haste he'put into the bay, and
h'n  surmise  proved  to  bo  correct,  for.
wh'de he wan able to work up the bay
till be was a considerable distance from
the lake, the gunboat, bv reason of itsl
draught, was unable to enter.   Not  to-
be daunted, tbe Americans stood ou as
clone   to  the  shore  as  they   dared   and
commenced  to  bombard   the  Canadian
boat.    The  captain,  fearing lent  they
might Innd  and attack   him  on  shore,
thought it best to unload his cargo and
defenceless    ■ lunndlans.     Anxious    to
reaeh   Vork and the  protection of the
fort, as soon as they felt assured that
the enemy  had abandoned  the attack.
they  began  the  work of  reloading preparatory   lo   contluuiug   their   voyage.
It is not hard to believe that the task
was most difficult, considering that all
was absolute darkness by now and the
nature of the ground over which th -y
had to cany the kegs of gold, nor is
i) at all Improbable that, as the story
goes, one of the kegs was dropped 'luring  the  handling   I'lom   the  small   boat*
up to the side of the schooner,    MeuUft
Were  not  at  hand  to  recover  it. amf,
indeed, had they possessed  facilities, it
might have been impossible to locate it
ami extricate it from ihe mucky bottom
of the little bay.    So, having finished
loading, tliey weighed anchor and were
soon glau tu be m.ce more on the open
lake and on a fair way to tt place of
Chiefly through one of tlio crew, who*
was on the spot and haw the keg drop
into tbe water, a William UcOatin, has
ihe story been handed down. The bay
has been long since emptied of water
by reusou of the lowering uf Lake On-
turiu uml the deposit of sediment, but
it is uut known that the treasure has
ever been recovered. Many nave sought
iu vain and some have made the spot
the Mecca of their financial peregrina-
Uivlniiig   rods   and   various   de-
   have been  used  ill  the endeavor,
and the appearance prosontcd by many
f these treasure hunters working in
the light of a lantern at the dead of
nighi   is extremely ghostly.    A  number
if cannonbolls have been picked up in
the vicinity, both by those engaged in
Ihe ipiesl und by farmers working ia
the fields near by, but the nest of tho
sandsnlpe ot the piping curlew is inure
npt to be encountered than tho now
submerged treasure of war times,
thought it best to unload um curuu i»<m ---
endeavor tn conceal it in the woods back  in Argentina.
""    *    ' - *"•*■ •»«•»."Iwi    In Oceania
knowing    the
forms  to
from the shore. The tank whs extremely
arduous because of the absence of any
semblance of a dock, involving the necessity of earrylpg the gold in small
boats an fur inshore an possible, and
shouldering it the remainder of the distance over the bog nnd uncertain footing which old stumps and nunken logs
By rlint of perseverance, inspired by
he momentary fear nf assault at the
hands of the enemy, the task was Anally
'Ompl'shed and ihe treasure temporarily secured In concealment, Darkness
began to fall over the laud, which added
security to the position, since it nTi.rd
ed   more complete eoneeril'nent. and  be
enu«e of ihe fact tint tho Americans,
when there was Insufficient light to
e»ab1e them to direct their fire, simply
sailed away, to the great delight of the
'I*HM came of Home, says n wiiter iu
L ihe Nuova Antnlogia, is probably
the une most repealed in the different parts of ihe world, All tbe continents, including Oceania, have Humes,
lu Kurope there is au island palled
Rome in the Baltic, Off the east comit
of thi> Seaudinu\ Ian peninsula. It is
a village of a thousand inhabitants, and
it possesses a cathedral. In Asia there
is a uome iu Upper Burma, on a brunch
of the Sit tang, a distance of about
sixty-five kilometers to the southeast of
Home in Africa in an important centre
for the missionaries of Basotuland.
It lien to the southeast of the iMiuige
State, about fifty kilometer- from the
Orange Hiver. North America has several Homes—one in New Vork Htate-
Vlrglnla, Iowa. Kansas, Texas. Pennsylvania, and Indiana, and two in Georgia.
Ia South America there arc two Routes
• of
In Oceania Rome is an importa
of t,)i i.i-liiml.    It is also the ui
a stream which flow* from the mountainous chain of the Bismarck Vrcbl*
pelago. The Malay Archipelago also possesses its Rome in the north of Timor.
Tn clean a sponge soak it for several
hours in buttermilk. Squeeze i* well,
uiul theu rinse in clean water, when it
will be perfectly swept and soft,
Vn orange put in the oven aud baked
will be found an excellent rare for kore
throat  if eaten before retirii g.
Nearly all children are BUbJeei to
worms and many are bnm w'ii them.
Spare them suffering by using Mother
Ornve's  Worm   Exterminator,  th- bent
remedy of tne kind that can be hud. THE I8LAKDER, CUMBERI4 XI). E.C
Published   svery   Saturday   at  Cumberland,  B.C
Islander Printing & Publishing Company
W, R. Dunn k Company, Proprietors.
W. 11. Dunn, Manager.
Advertising rates published elsewhere in the pttper.
Subscription price $1.50 por year, payable in advance
Tlie editor does not hold   hitaiielf rospdhslble for views expressed by
c irrespundonta.
"What the Editor has to say.
The Isi.am.eii does not want to be insistent upon the ce-
nient sidewalk matter to the point of impertinence, but we
deeply feel tlie importance to the town ol' such sidewalk. We
are of the opinion it would be the making of tlie town. Ami
we feel the property owners have not a true conception as regards the burden of taxation.
There are some few who do not wish to sign the petition
b cause the eity does not pay otie-tliird the cost. It is very
evident the council would cheerfully pay one-third the cost
did Hot the law intervene. The aldermen are forbidden to in-
c ir an indebtedness beyond the current resources. Therefore
i   .** out of the question for the council to  help.
It is true the sidevalk will benefit the whole city, hence
it is but just that the city pay its proportion of the cost. But
w nit are we to do? The city is unable to help. Shall we then
deny ourselves the benefit of this improvement, cut our own
n ise to spite our face, and that, too, iu the lace of the fact
that tlie cost will he only about SHU.00 per lot with   20  years
SIR EDMUND WALKER, C.V.O., LLD., D.C.L., President
ALEXANDER LAIRD, General Manager
CAPITAL, - $10,000,000 REST. -   $8,000,000
The Canadian Bank of Commerce extends to Farmers every facility
for the transaction of their banking business including the discount and
collection of sales notes, blank sales notes are supplied free of charge
on application.
Accounts may be opened at every branch of The Canadian Bank of
Commerce to be operated by mail, and will receive the same careful
attention as is given to all other departments of the Bank's business.
Money may be deposited or withdrawn in this way as satisfactorily as
by a personal visit to the Bank. «231
CU.viariKLAND BKANCH.       W. T. WHITE, Mannger.
Pilsener Beep
The product of Pure Malt and
Bohemian Hops
Absolutely no chemicals used
in its manufacture
B ottled Beer Supplied to the Trade Only.
= Best on the Coast ==.
Pilsenep Brewing Co..    Cumberland. B.C.
The Latest and most Up-to-date Sewing
Machine on the market to-day. Sold on
Ensy Terms which places it within the
reach of all.
JepSOlT   BrOS.,  District Agents
Nanaimo, B. C.
It'. Jl. JIttnn, hoeul Jl.pprescnlatice
in ivhicli I
o pay'
We should take n broader view.
Now, here is a wny out: Let the provincial government
pay what the city should pay. It is hut just that it do so. It
may be said, perhaps, thnt the provincial government has already done handsomely by Cumberland, when the school and
hospital buildings and the sewer system is considered. While
having no desire to depreciate this service, Till-: ISLuNDEH sub
mite the government has not given us anywhere near what is
our just due. The provincial government collects a royalty
as we are informed, of 10c a ton on all the coal mined in and
around Cumberland. There are thousands of tons mined. Is
not the City of Cumberland entitled to a just proportion of
that royalty? It is more fair that our just share of this roj
alty be given to tbe improvement of the city than applied to
the advancement of outside districts. In this we have strong
claims against the government, and it will not deny so trifling
a sum as one-third the cost of this sidewalk.
Tin: Islander suggests: Sign the petition for the sidewalk. Issue the debentures and build it. Present the bill
for one-third the cost to the provincial government. It will
cheerfully be [laid, without doubt.
Tuesday night, at the close of the conservative meeting,
which was being closed with the singing of 'God Save the
King." a dozeu or more socialists jumped to their feet and,
notwithstanding the presence of ladies, began caterwauling,
booting and howling to stop the singing. The affair was a
disgrace to a civilized community, The socialists are continually crying that thev are denied the liberty of free speech. Here
they gave an exhibition of their own intolerance and lack of
regard for the rights of others. If these men had no patriotism themselves, no respect for the bead of the goverintleui
of their country, no regard for the presence of ladies, self-re
speet should have prompted them to leave the hall quietly,
without interfering with the rights of those who have. Tin
election is over, so this is not said for political effect. It i^
said in the interests of common decency,
Display Advertisements
75 cents per column inch por month-
Special rale for half page or more.
Condensed Advertisements
1 cent 1 word, 1 Issue ; minimum charge 20 emits.
No accounts run for lii> class of advertising
On Little River Road Five minutes walk
from school, postoffice and store. Ten minutes'
walk from beach. All have a Good Frontage on
a good government road. Land is Good, surface
Level, and not stony. Price §40 per acre, Very
easy term.
The Island Realty Co.
I Fire, Life, Live Stock P. L. ANDEETO
I . . Accident . . Phone 22.     Courtenay, B. C
111 Kinds of Hauling: Done
First Class Bigs For Hire.
Orders Promptly Attended to
Are the Best, and Fully Guaranteed.
A full line qf Furniture, Housefurnishings,
Linoleums, Wa lpapera alway son   hand.
"The Furniture Store"
McPhee Block A.   McKINNON       Cumberland, B.O
LE: ^t*m«hwb1
$. §&. y$. gifcabned
Offices: Comox & Courtenay.
Agents for E. & N. Lands,
Comox District.
H. H. M. Beadnell
"Leading Tobacco  Kins."
Better known as
Dealer In Fruits, Canity, Cigars
and Tobacco.
ETj^ Billiard Room in connection
HorsBslioeiug a   Specialty
Third Ave, Cumberlaiid
Dining Room and Bedroom Suites, Sideboards and
Centre Tallies, Rockers, Morris Chairs,
Beds and Bedding, Stoves, Ranges,
and Heaters, Etc., Etc.
B. F. KRflUSE, Prop.
Sole agent for the Sherlock-Manning Pianos and Organs
flMDll. 1
Grocers  & Bakers
Dealers in all kinds of Good
Wet Goods
Beat, Bread and Beer in Town
Agents for Pilsener Beer    '
:   :   :   CEIVED   :    :    .
Up-to-date Merchant Tailor
Barrister,   Solicitor   aud '
\ Notary Public.
ioooo*ooc*ooc*ooooooooooo<«.>< TIIE  ISLANDER.  CUMBERLAND.  RO.
Copyright, 1911'
[By Small, Mnyimrd & Co., Inc.
I  Become a  Day Laborer
THAT night Ruth und 1 hnd a tnlk
ubout the boy. We both came
buck from our walk* with him
more on our mlnda than unything else.
He hud been Interested in, everything
and had asked about a .thousand ques
tions and gone to bed eager to be out
on tho stroet again the next day. We
knew we couldn't keep him cooped up
In the flat all the time and of course
both Kuth and 1 were going to be too
busy to go out with him every time
he went. As for letting him run loose
around these streets with nothing to
do, that would be sheer fool hardiness.
It was too late in the season to enroll
him In the public schools and even that
would have left him idle during the
long summer months.
We talked some at first of sending
him off into the country to a farm.
There were two or three families back
where Ruth had lived who might be
willing to take him for three or four
dollars a week and we had the money
left over from the sale of our house'
hold goods to cover that. But this
would mean the sacrifice of our emer
' gency fund which wc wished to pre>
serve more for the boy's sake than
our own and it would mean leaving
Ruth very much alone.
"I'll do It, Billy," she said bravely,
"but can't we wait a day or two before
deciding? And I think 1 can make time
to get out with him. I'll get up earlier
In the morning and I'll leave my work
at night until after he's gone to bed.'"
So she would. She'd have worked
all night to keep him at homo and
then gone out with him all day if It
had been possible. I saw it would bo
dragging the heurt out of her to send
the boy away nnd made up my mind
right then and there that some other
solution must be found for the prob'
lem, Good Lord, after I'd led her down
here the least I could do was to let
her keep the one. And to tell the
truth 1 found my own heart sink at
the suggestion.
"What do the boys round hero do
in the summer?" she asked.
I didn't know and 1 made up my
mind lo find out. The next day 1 went
down to a settlement house which 1
remembered passing at some time or
other. I didn't know what It was but
it sounded like some sort of philanthropic enterprise for tho neighbor'
hood and if so they ought to bo able
to answer my question there. Tho
outside of the building was not par
tlculnrly attractive but upon entering
I was pleasantly surprised at the air
of cleanliness and comfort which pre
vailed. There were a number of small
boys around and In ono room I saw
them reading and playing checkers.
I sought out the secretary and found
him a pleasant young fellow though
with something of the professional
pleasantness which "men in this work
seem to acquire. He smiled too much
nnd held my hand too long to suit me.
He took me into his office and offered
me a chair. I told him briefly that I
had Just moved down here and had a
boy of ten whom I wished to keep
off the streets and keep occupied. I
asked him what the boys around here
did during the summer.
"Most of them work," he answered.
"What do they do?"
"A good many sell papers, some of
them serve as errand boys and others
help their parents."
Dick was certainly too inexperienced
for the first two jobs and thero was
nothing in my work he could do to
help. Then tho man began to ask me
questions. He was evidently struck
by the fact that I didn't seem to be
in place hero. 1 answered briefly that
I had been a clerk all my life, had lost
my position and was now a common
day laborer. Tho boy, I explained,
was not yet used to his life down here
and I wanted to keep him occupied
until he got his strength.
"You're right," he answered. "Why
don't you bring him In here?"
"What would he do here?"
"It's a good loafing place for him
and we have some evening classes."
"I want him home at nights," I an
"Thc Y. M. C. A. hns summer classes
which begin a little later on. Why
don't you put him Into some of those?"
I had always heard of the Y. M. C.
A., but I had never got info touch with
""It, for I thought It wns purely a reli
gious organization. But thut propost
tion sounded good. I'd passed the
building a thousand times but had
never been Inside. I thanked him und
started to leave.
"I hope this won't be your last
visit," ho said cordially, "Como down
and see what we're doing. You'll Hnd
a lot of boys here at night."
"Thanks," I nnBWored.
I went direct to the Y. M. C. A. building. Here again I was surprised to
find n most attractive interior. It looked like the Inside of a prosperous elub
house. I don't know what I expected
but I wouldn't have been startled if
I'd found a hall filled with wooden
settees and a prayer meeting going on.
I had a lot of such preconceived notions knocked out of my head in the
next few years.
In response to my questions I received replies that made me feel I'd
strayed by mistake into somo university. For that matter It was a university. There was nothing from the
prlmnry class in English to a profes-
si nal education In the law that a
man couldn't ncqulre here for a sum
that was astonishingly small. The
most of the classes cost nothing after
payment of the membership fee of ten
dollars. The instructors were, many
of them, the snme men who gave similar courses at a neighboring college.
Not only that, but the hours were so
arranged as to accommodate workers
of nil classes. If you couldn't attend
In the dnytlme, you could at night. I
was astonished to think that this opportunity hnd always been at my hand
and I had never suspected It. In the
ten years before 1 was married I could
hnve qualified for a lawyer or almost
anything else.
I This was not all; a young man took
me over the building and showed me
' the library, the reading-room, rooms
i where the young men gathered for
| guinea, und then down stairs lo tho
well equipped gymnasium with its
shower bulbs, Here a boy could take
a regular course in gymnasium work
under u skilled Instructor or if he
showed any skill devote himself to
such sports us basketball, running,
baseball or swimming, ln addition to
these advantages amusements were
provided through the year in the form
of lectures, amateur shows and music.
In the summer, special opportunities
were offered for out-door sports. Moreover the Association managed summer
camps where for a nominal fee the
boys could enjoy the life of the woods.
A boy must be poor Indeed who could
not afford most of these opportunities.
And If he was out of work the employment bureau conducted here would
help him to a position. I came buck
to tho main ollice wondering still more
how in the world I'd ever missed such
chances all these years. It was a
question I asked myself many times
during the next fow months; And the
answer seemed to He In the dead level
of that other life. We never lifted our
eyes; we never looked around us. If
wo were hard pressed either we accepted our lot resignedly or cursed
our luck, and lot it go at that. Theso
opportunities were for a class which
had no lot and didn't know the meaning of luck. The others could havo
had them, too—can have thom—for the
taking, but neither by education nor
temperament are they qualified to do
so. There's a good field for missionary work thero for someone.
Before I came out of the building
1 had enrolled Dick as a member and
picked out for him a summer course
in English, in which he was a bit backward. I also determined to start him
In some regular gymnasium work. He
needed hardening up.
I came home and announced my success to Ruth and she was delighted.
I suspected by the look in her eyes
that she hud been worrying all day
for fear there would bo no alternative
but to send the boy off.
"I knew you would find a way," she
said excitedly.
"I wish I'd found it twenty years
ago," I said regretfully. "Then you'd
have a lawyer for a husband Instead
of a—/'
"Hush," she answered putting her
hand over my mouth. "I've a man
for a husband and that's all I care
The way she said It made me feel
that after all being a man was what
counted and that if I could live up to
that day by day, no matter what happened, then I could be well satisfied.
I guess the city directory was right
when before now It couldn't define me
any more definitely t-han "clerk." And
there Is about as much man in a clerk
as in a valet. They are both shadows.
The boy fell In with my plans eagerly, for the gymnasium work made him
forget the study part of the programme.
The next day I took him up there and
saw him introduced to the various department heads. I paid his membership
fee and they gave him a card which
made him feel like a real club man.
I tell you it took a weight off my mind.
On the Monday following our arrival
In our new quarters, 1 rose at five-
thirty, put on my overalls and had
breakfast. I ate a large bowl of oatmeal, a generous supply of flapjacks,
made of some milk that had soured,
sprinkled with molasses, ond a cup of
hot black coffee the last of a can
we had brought down with us among
the left-over kitchen supplies.
For lunch Ruth had packed my box
with cold creum-of-tartar biscuit, well
buttered, a bit of cheese, a little bowl
of rice pudding, two hard-boiled eggs,
and a pint bottle of cold coffee. 1
kissed her goodbye and started out on
foot for the street whore I was to take
up my work. The foreman demanded
my name, registered me, told me where
to find a shovel and assigned me to a
gang under another foreman. At
seven o'clock I took my place with a
dozen Italians and began to shovel.
My muscles were decidedly flabby, and
by noon I began to find it hard work.
I was glad to stop and cat my lunch.
I couldn't remember a meal tn five
years that tasted as good as that did.
My companions watched me curiously
—perhaps a bit suspiciously—but they
chattered In a foreign tongue among
themselves and rather shied away
from me. On that first day I made
up *my mind to one thing—I would
learn Italian before tho year was done,
and know something* more about thoso
people and their ways. Thoy wero
the key to tho contractor's problem
and It would pay a man to know how
to handle them. As I watched the
boss over us that day It did not seem
to me that he understood very well.
From one to five the work became
an Increasing strain. Even with my
athletic training I wasn't used to such
a prolonged test of one set of muscles.
My legs became heavy, my back ached,
and my shoulders finally refused to
obey me except under the sheer com-
•mand of my will. I knew, however,
that time would remedy this. I might
be sore and lame for a day or two,
but I had twice the natural strength
of these short, close-knit foreigners.
The excitement and novelty of the employment helped me through those
first few days. I felt the joy of the
pioneer—felt the sweet sense of delving in the mother earth. It touched
In me some responsive chord that
hnrked back to my ancestors who
broke the rocky soil of New England.
Of the life of my fellows bustling by
on the earth-crust overhead—those fellows of whom so lately I had been one
—I was not at all conscious. I might
havo heen at work on some new planet
for nil they touched my new life. I
oould see them peering over the wooden mil around our excavation as they!
stopped to stare down nt us, hut I did I
not connect them with myself. .And'
yet I felt closer to this old city than i
ever before. I thrilled with the joy of
the constructor, the builder, even In
this humble capacity. I felt superior
to those for whom I was building. In
a coarse way 1 suppose It was a reflection of some artistic sense—something akin lo the creative Impulse. ;
can say truthfully that'at the end of
that first duy 1 came home—begrimed
and sore as I was—with a sense of
fuller life than so far I had ever ex
I found Ruth waiting for me with
some anxiety. She came Into my toll-
stained arms as eagerly as a bride.
It wus good. It took all the soreness
out of me. Before supper I took the
boy and we went down to the public
baths on the waterfront and there I
dived and splashed like a young whale,
The sting of the cold suit water was
all thc further balm 1 needed. I came
out tingling and fit right then for
another nine-hour day. But when I
came back 1 threatened our first week's
savings at the supper table. Ruth had
made more hot grlddle-cakcs and I
kept her at the stove until I was
ashamed to do It longer. The boy,
loo, after his plunge,-showed a better
appetite than for weeks.
Nine Dollars a Week
The second day, I woke up lame and
stiff but I gave myself a good brisk
rub down and kneaded my arm and
leg muscles until they were pretty well
limbered up. The thing that pleased
mc was the way I felt towards my new
work that second morning. I'd been
a bit afraid of a reaction—of waking
up with all the romance gone. That,
I knew, would be deadly. Once let me
dwell on the naked material facts of
my condition and -I'd be lost. That's
true, of course, in any occupation. The
man who works without nn inspiration
of some sort Is not only discontented
but a poor, workman. I remember dis
tinctly that when I opened my eyes
and realized my surroundings and
traced back the incidents of yesterday
to the ditch, I was concerned prlnei
pally with the problem of a stone ln
our path upon which we had been
working. I wanted to get back to it.
We had worked upon It for an hour
without fully uncovering it and I was
as eager as tho foreman to learn
whether it wns a ledge rock or just "a
fragment. This Interest was not associated with the elevated road for whom
the work was being done, nor the contractor who had undertaken the job,
nor the foreman who was supervising
it. It was a question which concerned
only me and Mother Earth who seemed to be doing her best to balk us at
every turn. 1 forgot the sticky, wet
clay In which I had floundered for nine
hours, forgot the noisome stench which
at times we were forced to breathe,
forgot my lame hands and back. I
recalled only the problem itself and
the skill with which the man they
called Anton handled his crow bar. He
was a master of it. In removing the
smaller slabs which lay around the big
one he astonished me with his knowledge of how to place the bar. He'd
come to my side where 1 was prying
with alt my strength and with a wave
of his hand for me to stand back,
would adjust two or three smaller
rocks as a fulcrum and then, with the
gentlest of movements, work the half-
ton weight inch by Inch to where he
wanted it. He could swing the rock
to the right or left, raise or lower it,
at will, and always he made the weight
of the rock, against which I had striven so vainly, do the work, That was
something worth learning. I wanted
to get back and study him. I wanted
to get back and finish uncovering that
rock. I wanted to get back and bring
the job as a whole to a finish so as
to have a new one to tackle. Even at
tho end of that first day I felt I had
learned enough to make myself a man
of greater power than I was the day
before. And always In the background
was the unknown goal to which this
toil was to load. I hadn't yet stopped
to figure out what the goal was but
that It was worth while I had no doubt
for I was no longer stationary. 1 was
a constructor. I was in touch with a
big enterprise of development.
I don't know that I've made myself
clear. I wasn't very clear In my own
mind then but I know that I had a
very conscious impression of the sort
which I've tried to put into words.
And I know that it filled me with a
great big Joy. 1 never woke up with
any such feeling when with the United
Woollen. My only thought In tho
morning then was how much time I
must give myself to catch the six-
thirty. When I reached the office I
hung up my hat and coat nnd snt down
to the impersonal figures liko an automaton. There wns nothing of tne lu
the work; there couldn't be. How petty it seemed now! I suppose the company, as an industrial enterprise, wus
in the line of development, but that
Idea never penetrated ns far as the
clerical department. We didn't feel It
any more than tho adding machines
Ruth had a good breakfast for me
and when I,camo into the kitchen she
was trying' to brush the dried clay
off my overalls,
"Good Heavens!" I snid, "don't waste
your strength doing that."
She looked up from her task with
a smile.
"I'm not going to let you get slack
down here," she said.
"But those things will look just as
bad again five minutes after I've gone
down the ladder."
"But I don't Intend they shall look
like this on your way to the ladder,"
she nnswered.
"All right," I said, "then let me have
them.   I'll do it myself."
"Hnve you shaved?" she asked.
I rubbed my hand over my chin. It
wasn't very bad and I'd made up my
mind I wouldn't shave every day now.
"No," I said. "But twlco or three
times a week—"
"Billy!" she broke In, "that will never do. You'ro going down to your new
business looking just as ship-shape as
you went to the old. You don't belong to that contractor; you belong
to me."
In tho meanwhile the boy came in
with my heavy boots which he had
brushed clean and oiled. There was
nothing left for me to do but to shavo
and I'll admit that I felt better for tt.
"Do you want me to put on a high
collar?" 1 asked.
"Didn't you find the things I laid
out for yuu?"
I hadn't looked about. I'd put on
the things I teok off. She led me back
Into the bed room, and over a chair
I saw a clean change of underclothing
and a new grey flannel shirt.
"Where did you get this?" I nsked.
"I bought It for a dollar," she answered. "It's too much to pay. I can
make one for fifty cents as soon aa I
get time to Bew."
(To   be   continued)
At a slow gult, such as a roadster often takes, thero Is sometimes a striking of one or both ankles by the opposite mate. This ts caused by a vicious
direction of the hind leg from the hip
or by an inward curve of the foot from
the hock or pastern joint. Since the
hind legs are more loosely hung than
the fore, it ts more difficult to make
them respond to a remedy, but a separation of the feet may be effected by a
somewhat higher outside foot. In the
shoe a .similar effect could be had
by a slightly wider outside web and a
slightly longer outside heel. Again, Inward curves of the motion of the foot
may be modified by paring the hoof.
The comparative rigidity of the
fore legs makes them more responsive to small changes, but tn the
hind legs such corrective changes may
be emphasized or Increased somewhat
without as much danger to the limb or
foot. That is to say, twists due to a
wrong adjustment are apt to cause
more damage to the fore than to the
hind legs.
Sixty years ago there appeared in the
newspapers notice of the dissolution of
a scholastic partnership in tho neighborhood of London, which was signed
by one of the teachers of youth with his
Disclosures of this sort do not often
hit one in tho face nowadays; but a
Northern schoolmaster camo near to
falling a victim to effrontery of a somewhat similar character the other day.
Being in urgent neod of a tutor, he
opened up negotiations with a "master
of languages" whose invaluable services were on offer in the columns of
a London newspaper.
Could ho speak French? the schoolmaster demanded of this paragon. Oh,
yes, fluently. Had he a nodding ac*
quaintanco with Italian? Indeed, he
had—was excellently well versed in it,
in fact.
These answers pleased the school*
master mightily, but he was an enthusiastic stamp-collector, and preferred to
have, if possible, a tutor with corresponding tastes; so he telegraphed the
question: ,
"Have you any knowledge of philately V*
And back came the triumphant answer:
"Can speak it liko a native, sir!"
The negotiations ended abruptly.
Horse breeding has been followed ns
a trade ever sinco animals wore first
domesticated, but for only about a
century have stud-book records been
kept of the breeding of the different
families of horses. The study of types
has only quite recently been taken up
by mon of science with a view of ascertaining the origin of the species and to
differentiate their characteristics.
As a result of this study, based upon
thoso anatomical differences and variations which have resulted from wide
geographical distribution, and which
probably originated ln early geological
times, it may bo accepted that there
aro four families or species of horses.
The first type in this classification is
tho Celtic horse, found on tho west
coast of Norway, known as the Fjord
horso in Iceland, Facroc, Barra, and
other small islands of the outer Hebrides, in northern Scotland, on the
Shetland Isles, and in Connemara or
northern Ireland. Thero lias also been
found a close kinship between the Col-
tic horse and tho true Tarpan horso of
Russia. The principal characteristics of
this type are tbat, in common with the
asses and zebras, it has no callosities on
its hind legs, and has a black stripe tho
entire length of the back and through
the tail. It is also frequently striped
on the legs and shoulders liko the asses,
and is of a brown or light dun color.
Nature establishes harmonious groups
of plants, trees, and animals, and, certain conditions of climate being given,
certaiu groups of animals and plants
are found associated. The small red
leer of Norway was an original associate of the Celtic horse, and as this
deer is related to tho red deer of somo
parts of France and of Spain, also of
Sardinia nnd the Barbury States, the
question naturally arises whether the
small ponies of those same regions,
though not known only as domestic animals, may not be proven to be kindred
to the Celtic horse. If the characteristics mentioned above are present in any
measure it would seem to prove tho
point. Scientific research in this direction has not been pursued, and an inviting field is open to any one who cares
to follow this subject further.
The second typo of horse is the Pre-
jovalsky, found in a wild state on the
steppes of central Asia. There are a
few-of these in England on tho estate
of the Duke of Bedford, and several
specimens are being bred in the New
York Zoological Gardens. The Pro*
jevnlsky horse is of ft red hrown color
with a light "mealy" nose, hns a large
head in proportion to liis body and is
"eat hammed," and less powerful thau
tho Celtic horse. Rome writers have assumed that the Tnrpnn and the Pro*
jevnlsky horses belonged to tho same
family, but this is not now accepted,
on account of their marked differences,
the most conspicuous of whirh is thnt
tho ProjevnlBky hns the callosities on
his hind legs.   In this family it usually
takes the form of a narrow strip and
not drop-shuped as is common with
other horses.
"My boy, what counts is experience. ''
Thc kindly father shut the door of his
study and drew up to him his young
boh, just about to leave college.
"Yes," ho continued, "it is in the
light of my experience that you may
hope to win, aud you must therefore bo
guided by mo. Mere knowledge—the
accumulation of fucts—all this is in a
sense necessary, but it does not take
the placo of wisdom or judgment, which
cun only be attained by a lifetime of
striving and development. My buy, do
not be misled or deceive yourself with
tho thought that you aro wiser than
your elders. You must be guided by me
and must learn to avoid the mistakes
that I havo made."
The boy, thoughtful for a moment,
raised his fine young face to his father.
"Toll me, sir," he said, "have you
ever, in the courso of one short week,
played poker, gone to the race track
and droppod a hundred, been on a joy
ride and smashed a tanner, drunk four*
teen bottles'of champagne smoked a
thousand cigarettes and fallen in love
with a chorus girl?"
For somo timo the old gentleman was
"My boy," he said at last, "I havo
—nil except the joy ride. That is precisely why I am trying to give you the
benefit of it."
Hiram, in old age, wonders why he
can't do as much as he used to do.
Hiram's son being away from home, he
writes to him for information as to how
he muy regain his health. His son, being a good athlete and knowing the
value of physical culture, thinks that it
would be beneficial to the old man to
take morning exercise, and so writes,
but his imagination runs away with him
at times, as follows:
"Dear Dad,—in order for you to
bring back your health and bo as good
a mau as you used to be, you should
become an athlete and go through some
good strong and powerful exercises.
The first thing when you rise early in
the morning you should give a leap/in
thc air, hit your snout against the ceiling, and clap your heels lightly nine
times together before you touch tho
floor. By doing this once over it will
give your blood a good circulation and
strengthen your nerves. It will also
prepare you for the next performance
which you are about to undergo.
"Give a high kick and slap your toes
ngainst the ceiling, and at tho same
timo fall to the floor upon your head
thrice. This exorcise will strengthen
tho neck-bone, harden your head, and
keep the brain in good order. After
this you should hoist the lid and go out
on the roof and take deep breathing exercises. Do the high comeflop. Walk
off the roof as though you were walking through the air, but take good care
that you fall flat to the ground on your
stomach. This will strengthen your
wind, develop your breast, also make
you see stars. Then you should walk
in and get ready for breakfast, and put
up a notorious growl about the victuals
and all that's on the table. This exercise will prepare you for the difficult
ups and downs of this world. All of
theso exercises should be undergone not
less than once a day for a week, and if
you are alive when your week is up,
you will be a healthy and able-bodied
Ten little Manchus going out to dine,
Cook slipped the prussic, and then there
wore nino;
Nino little Manchus headed for a fete,
Mot a bunch of rebels, and then there
were eight;
Bight little Manchus—sort    of    royal
Palaeo  toppled   over,  and  then  there
were seven;
Seven little Manchus, using chopsticks,
Waiter swings a hatchet, and theu there
wero six;
Six   little   Manchus,   glad    they   were
One of  'em was   captured,    making—
let's see—five;
Five little Manchus locked  the cellar
Somo ouo found a window, and   then
there were four;
Four  little  Manchus, each  on bended
Oae wasn 't needed, and then thero were
Three   little   Manchus,   in   an   awful
Boiling oil composed it—and then thero
were two;
Two little Manchus, both upon tho run,
Couldn't reach the  fortress, aud then
there was one;
Ono little Manchu, all  that's left of
Writing out a message, meaning "I resign."
The first bits were nrde of norm,
then bone, later copper, finally bronze
aud iron. Bits camo into um about
1000 B. C.
The first horse cloths, similar te oar
saddle pads, were used by the Assyrians about 900 B. C. The Greek
and Macedonian soldiers used then
about 500 B. C.
The first mention of scythe blades ob
chariot wheels is writing about .100 B.C.
The first mentioned owner to ftart
more than one horse from his stable in
a race wus Alcibiadcs, 400 B. C., who
started seven chariots in one race aud
won first, second and fourth prizes.
Tho first mention of scythe blades in
chariot wheels is at the buttle of Cun-
axa in 401 B. C.
The first saddles camo into use about
The first turf scribe wos Slmo, the
Athenian, about 400 B. C. The next
and a great ono was Xonophou, about
400 B. C. Tho next, Varro, iu 37 B. C.
Then comes Virgil in his Georgict, then
Calpurnius and Columella in the first
century A. I)., then Oppian and Neme-
sinn in the third century and Apsyr-
tas, Pelagonius and Pnlladiut in tht
fourth century.
The first horse trainer is mentioned
by Xcnophon.
Horseshoes, while known about 200
B. C, did not come into general use
untlluntil about D00 A. D.
The firBt law suit oyer a horso is mentioned in Aristophane's comedy, "The
Clouds," about .'180*B. C.     Trainer's '
bills enter into the evidence.
Thc first famous horse breaker was
Alexander the Groat, who conquered
The first spurs were used about 200
B. C.
Virgil mentions a horse with a white
forefoot and a forehead with a white
Horses were raised ■ In England before the Roman Conquest.
The lirst horse racing in Kngland was
held nbout 222 A. D. at Nether by in
The Arabs first began to .breed hones
after "200 A. D. and made little progress
until after 600 A. D.
Circus trick riding came into popularity about 350 A. t>.
Stirrups wore first used about 600
A. D.
Tho first regular horse auction wai
the Friday sales at Smithfield, outside
London, in the reign of Henry II.
The first master of fox hounds was
Simon de Montfort about 12.j0 A. I).
Heredity of white markings is first
mentioned in the case of the bay
charger owned by King Edward 1. about
1300 A. D., that had a white stocking
on its left hind leg, as had also its sire
and grandsirc.
Tho first books on horses were the
manuscripts of Gyfford and Twevety
about 1300 A. P.
Tho first trained horse wns Maroceo
in Queen Elizabeth's time. The horse
and owner, Banks, wero accused of
magic and burned to death.
Tho first rulo against foul riding was
made at the Chester meeting in the
time of James I. Professional jockeys
came into vogue then. This King was
the first to organize ice racing.
In tho seventeenth century witches
were consulted when horses went lame.
The first wave of reform to interfere
with racing swept over England in
1620. Parliament suppressed racing ia
1654 and not until the end of the Commonwealth about ten years later were
the restrictions removed.
The first stage coaches in 1662 were
opposed by country tradesmen because
they thought it would take their customers to tho city.
By Henry Hunter
The horse was hunted and eaten by
prehistoric men. Driving was practiced before riding because tho early domestic horse wns too email to ride.
Tho horse was first domesticated in
Tho firs., large breeder of horsos recorded was King Erichthonius, tho
Tro.,nn, wno about 1400 B. C. wae the
richest mnn on earth and qwncd 3,000
marcs. This king was tho first, according to Virgil, to hitch and drive a four-
Trick riding originatod in Greece
about 1000 B. C.
The Sybarites trained their cavalry
horses to dance to mils'" "Hut 600 B. C.
The first allusion to wagering on
horso races is found in tho "Wind"
when cauldrons and tripods, tho counterpart of our present day cups, woro
Tho first famous horse trainer was
Hyper en or.
Tho first raco for horses to saddle
was inaugurated nt tho thirty-third
Olympiad in 048 B. C.—four-horse chariot races having been introduced in the
23rd Olympiad. Two-horse chariot
races nn/l races for under aged horses
eft tne Inter. Entries closed thirty days
in advance of tho meeting.
Tho dark hay horses with a star in
forehead were common in Libya in
1000 B. C.
ln certain foreign prisons the inmates
are either highly favored or very ingenious. Somehow or other they do
manage to obtain possession of small
sums of money, with which they can
purchase tobacco and other minor luxuries. Having plenty of time for reflection, they appear to have sharpened
their wits to the extent of organizing
not only card parties, dicing matches,
and various childish games of chance,
but even billiards.
The dice aro made with grains of
Indian com subtracted from their
meals. Tho grains are cut or pressed
into squares, and tho dots are scratched
upon them.  '
Unfortunately, however, there does
not seem to bo the proverbial honor
among criminals, and most of these dice
which have come under my observation
havo been ingeniously cogged by tlio
insertion of small portions of metallic
dust. In Costn Rica the cogged ilico go
by thc dame of wild beasts, the idea
being that they find victims.
In tlio Lombroso Museum of Anthropology and crime at Turin there ia^
quito an interesting collection of playing cards which have been manufactured in prisons. The red pips have
been colored in blood, no other red
paint being presumably available,
Billiards in prison seem almost incredible. Thc plan adopted is to build up
cushions of mud on thc pavement and
tine them with pieces of clothing, extract a stick from the bamboo beds,
and roll bits of clay into bulls, it docs
not sound very exciting, hut prisoners
appcii1 to bo contented persons.
Then there is tho game of the knife.
It seems that in certain foreign prisons
every convict contrives to keep n knife
up his sleeve, probably obtaining it
from a visitor. Having half opened it,
that is to say at a right angle, he
throws it at a mark on liis bed or table,
and points nre counted according to his
success. If he hits the bed or table at
all it counts one, two inches from the
mark counts two, one inch three, aud
the mark itself counts five. Games are
usually a hundred up.
Then thero is the fly game, which is
much safer, because there is no'need to-
dread the visits of warders. The play*
ers place pennies or halfpennies in front
of them, and win when a fly lights on
their coins. They arc allowed to smear
them with sugar or portions of their
food in order to attract the flies. When
these allurements are not available,
they cover tho coins with saliva as a
bait. Iii the absence of coins, prisoners
will sometimes sit side by side with
their dinners in front of them, and the
first fly decides which prisoner shall
cat both dinners.
Tho dust collected from numerous
vacuum cleaners has proved to be a
valuable fertilizer, and its sale haa become a regular business in Paris. THK ISLANDER   CUMBERLAND, B.U
Painter and
All Work Done under
Personal Supervision
Orders may be left, at
John Jack' store,
Dunsmuir Avenue    Cumberland
Have Your
Cleaning   Pressing and   repairing (lone at
Plain Sewing.
Fancy Dressmaking'
Fashionable Tailor
Ladies'and Gents' Tailor-
made Suits. Cleaning
and Pressing Done at
Reasonable Rates.
Phone 52
Candies,   Fruits,  Tobaccos  and
Cigars at -
For absolute protection write a Policy in
INSURANCE    COMPANY   of Candies of all  descriptions
.Liverpool, England.
District of S.yward
Take untie- I hut Bun Roberta, of New
VVfslMiinater, B.C , lumbemmn. intends
m apply for pern.Wi.tii to purchnno the
follnwiiiK oVHcri-ied Uml--,:
Cmnm-n uot at h p Ht planted 'JO
chain a N rth nf Timh i License No 40780
tlieu-e weat 20 chainn; -ihtii.ee ninth 20
chaina; 'hence wuit 80 ohai<m; thenoe
nurth 20 chain*; thencuHear 20 chains;
'htmcc mirth 40 chain*; thence onn< 25
chaina mure • r teas to the ahure of I.) ■ w
PaBaapu 0aliii Channel; ihence ft-llcwing
ithoreinma Snuth-easterly direction ru
l-l ice of ooniiiiuiiodinentt co'-taining 200
Dated Januaiy 30h  I»I2
M'ie U  lit- beck, agent.
ha V WARD LANtt niNTHtiT, Di«t>ict of Say-
Want:—Take lintiuu tha' .lohn George
Hardy of Oi'urrenay, B, C„ occupation
auctioneer* intenda tn apply fur permit-.*
i-iun to purchase the fnllnwiu^ dnitcrihed
landa; Commencing ,.t a p»nt. planted at
the N bank nt Oiaiiberr> lake ami at the
SE corner of Timber Limit 30612 theme
W 40 chains; the.re S 40chaui»; thence
K L'Ochains: thence N K 40 chain.*, to point
ui c< intneiiceine.it and containing J10
acres more or leas.
.Inns (iKomiK Hardy
Dued Jan. 14, 1912. KuKiimld Carwithin
TOTAL ASSETS, 826.78fe.93    j
Local Agent
Very BEST.
RUITS of all kinds   Best quality
Tobaccos of all strengths.
Cigars—The best variety of, the
choicest flavors.
Sayw*rd Laud Diatrict.
District of Sayward
Take notice that (.eorire Robert Bates
of Courtenay, li C., nccupatinnrealtistatti
mrent, intends to apply for purtnisssion to
purchase the following described lands:—
Commeiicimf at a p>ist planted at ihe 8.
IC. Corner of Timber Limit 40775; thence
north   80   chaina; thence eaat 40 chains;
thenoe south 60 chains; thence  went. 20
chains; thence south   20  chains: thence
west 20 chains- to p-iut   uf   commencement, cun tain inr 300 acres more or leas.
Ueohok Robert Barns
Reginald Otrwitheu, agent.
Dated.Jaq. iSUi, 1912,
Sayward Ln d District
District of S.yward
Take notio   that L *ui«a Sophia Bates,
of Sandwick,  B.C, occupation,   married
woman, intends to apply  fur permission
to purchase the fnllowingdesuribed land*-:
Commencing at a post planted at the N.
E.   corner Timber Limit 40775, thence
mirth 80 chain-;  theiicti east 20chains;
thence south HO chain*; thence   weat  20
chains to point of   commencement,,   and
c 'Utaining JOO acres more or less.
Lot is\ Soi'hia Bates
Reginald Cur wi then, agent.
Dated .i.nuary 13th, 1012.
Sayward Land District.
District of Sayward.
Take notice that Reginald Carwithen,
of Sandwick, B.C , occupation, farmer,
intends to apply for pm mission to purchase the folluwinu dem.nbed lands:—
Commencing at a post pUnted at ihe N.
K. comer if Timber Limit 40775. thence
north HO clialliH; thi-iu-u west 8 I chums;
thenoe south 80 chains; thence euBt SU
chaina to point of oomittenoament, aud
coutaiuiui' 1*40 acres more or less.
R KOI WAT. d Cahwitiikn
Dated .i.inuary 18th, 1012
At Bert Aston's
Dunsmuir Ave   : : :   Cumberland
SAV.MARl, l,AM» DISTRICT, District   of Sny
..mil — Tuke tii.tiotj tiim Mtirxuret Oar*
within of Smidwkk, B.C.. booiipniioti
widow, intends t.. *i(iply fot petmiBBioii
'ii purcli >b<i tin, followiiigdn80rib*.d iHiid.:
OoiiiiutiUiiing  hi   v .jn-t. plHiiitid on tin
north b»i k "f Tr. in |..ke nod nbout one Sayward Und District
mile wi.si tmiit'ihu s\V oo'iiHt of Timber District of Nayward
Linn'1 37470 Uieoc.' N 40 cIikIiis, thu.cr T.iko notioo tlmt Ohtiatian Onrwlthoii,
V\ 40 dlmius, the. o. S 40 oliaina ti> the „f s«ndwiok, B.O., oooiipulon o»rpent6r,
north bunk . f Tr. ut laku, thi-n a slung |hi»mla ,u a|,.,|j. f„r p0rmiB»ioii to pur-
the Mirth b.tikuf Troui l»ko li 40 olisins „|WBn t|,„ following doaoiibed hmds:-
to p..inr of ooinui. uobiueiit siiduuuuiliiiig j Commeiiciiig st.. p..st planted st tlio !S
100 soroB niorn or leaa. | \y.   Oorn«r  of 1'. it. L'HOO, Ihonco norl.li
M.iiui.uiKT OaUWITHEx I 20 chain*; thence wo-t 80 chains: theuci
D.ecorator, Paperhanger
All Work Promptly
... Attended to...
Residence, Penrith Avenue
fteprcBolitinu The Oho. A. Fletcher Co.,
Nsnaimo, B.C.
Orders left st TE. Bate's Store promptly
sti ended to.
Notary Public, Conveyancer. Etc.
District agent The Mutual Life Assurance
Cmipany i f Oh n id a.
Fire r n im ran ob! Accounts collected
FOR SALE—ItToubb,6rouma, price 8(150
KGR SALB-^Houao,   7   rooms,   Piice,
SI 000.00. Terms cash.
New In.use.   in eluding   two   full-afeud
is. price $1200
House in centre of city, price $1260 cash
Apply, K  VV. BIOKLE.
Da ed .I'm. 11
191U, Uey nt aid du WKln-u
Dittlrlct t'f sayivanl.
notice tliat Otsorgu •MUlam Carwithon, of
nk, It.c., ocuu|iattoii carpeiitur; lutouds to
fot portniSSLoti ttt purcliase the foliowing
n'il litmls; -Cniiitiifin'iiic itt.L |nisi planied st
iV. corusr of Tluiber Limit 42968. tllDllce v/ent
us; tlienco south -JO cliaiiia; tltfiiee wist uo
toutli -in chains; tinmen tsut 20 chains:
lii-iii'f noiiii mi diaiiis o> point nf comiimnceuient.
nd I'ontatniiig 340 acres Wore or leas*
oeohok William Oaiiwitiik>
Itogftiald Carwfthun. iigont,
latt-il sI.miiimtv i.uli, 1012,
We beg to inform ymii'  patrons
hrongh   your  columns   of the fiict that the firm of
Hyuii Buns. & Viirsn. nf Niiiiniiiin, B.C. are this year
hauclliug tin* vai'ious Overland models of autoniobiles
in three grades and powers as follows:
30 H. P. $1,450
35 ll.!\ $1,850
41) 111'.    $2,250      F.O.B. Victoria.
The above ems are made in all the latest
models and nre the buy of the season at anything like
the price, with beautiful lines and design.
We beg le inform the prospective purchasing
public in this line of the fact that we will visit your
disliiei in the in-ill' future, and that they will be well
repaid by waiting a very short period to inspect the
Overland and eel u demonstration as well.
HIGH BROS. & YflllNC ssss
P. O. Drawer O
Phone 97
Inl   [lutll
I.II.1.T    U
fun.irr ii
i,.. ill I ful
i"itll.'Il,  nf j
■nin.l I
1 1"'.'
ni  i.ITIiii  I.i
ilii'tii-i.- oust mi rlia
I'luiins; tliencN weal tin .-l.itin
int'iit, uml .'i.iitniii.tii; imi in
IlKNItV l.nil'li
liiu.'il Jmitiury l.'ltli, 1012.
III,i i In ul  liwininl
ll. In
Tiiki'iiotki' tlint
Sandniuk, D.0	
|.lj for ptirilllftBlotl
crllieil lutiils:— ro mucin
HibN.K oinur of llnbai
411 uhali'ia; tliunco wbbI hi l
run ins; tllutluo w.-sl Jll i-liiu
ll r|. 1'iii.t 20 .liniiis: t
Mm I'nlln.i
II   |lMt  pli
i.l nnli..
Ull   211   cIllllllHj
llllluullllllllllllj 'SOU
I lll.ll .1*111.-* I'All
■ii.l.l i iiivviilniii, agent.
Hill.,! .Ii.iiiiiiiy llltli, 1012.
DlHlHct ill Siiyui.ii.l.
i.f l'iiiiit..iiny, ll.
Inl.'iiilH I., a|.|ily
IIiiwIiid il..*i'iili.il
lili'iliil   ill..  N K
'Ink.'null hat Mllbul I
'., ll'THjialilill  lllllllillll   ivu
or narniliiaioii In imrclliuio
■if Tnnlioi  l.lni
0011. ihi-i
nili  -ii
I lOcllHllM'.tllitn
ll. Illlllll III'
,M un
ny lull. 1018.
i. Ilslil.v
ild t.'nttvitlirii, ngont.
[Akt)20 'lifiin:*:
ijitceensl «'» ■ li
and containing
tVAitn i.am) ms'iiticr
District of Huywattl
hat Horbsrl HumrUi llaten,
u i;urcba«o tliu fulluwliii Uu
nclng ni ii pool plinitctl un ill
.dk.-ml ;ii tliutj ,V cornm i
thetiuc north SOoliaitifl: tliuncu
DHOIltll tOtllUll.l.r!    uf   Will    .
thocte aluni* i.iiul. "f call]  I
itw Heron moro or ly*-.1*.
f 1 h
,. nth, vnt   KegliialilCarwItboii i
ulnit-lot of .sayward
Tako nullce that Louisa Marlon Woodcock, of
Londuti, Bug., occupation -iii.:lt- wotuati. Intutidi tu
appt) for pchiuIbhIoii tu purcliauu thu fuIlowltiK «iu-
iiurllittd lands:—Coiiimsiicliiga. i !"'Ht pI'Liitml un
-.fcu tiitrLh Imt k <<t' Trout l.tkt), and 1^
niilt-H west from tho fi W oi ■ nwr of Tim-
b-T Limit iJ7470, ilioncii ii>>rih 80chatinj
tlioiiou west 80 chttna; theiKJo south 80
pliaina; iheitcu ouat HO uhaiutt to point ui
U" in m on cement, ami ootitatning 640 H^!ro^
mora or lean.   Looiha Marion Woodcock
H'^iuald Carwithon, a^uiit
Dated January 11th, 1912.
a iutfi 20 chains; thence omt 80 chains t,
point ot coninieucuitiout and containing
inn aoiea in if or Ichs.
Chkistian Cakwithkn
Hv«inald Oarwitheu, agent.
Dated Junuarj 13th, l'Jl'J.
District of Sayward,
Take notice that Margaret Bluhm Car-
withen of Sandwick, li. 0., occupation
•iii !/it> woman, intuiuls to apply for permission to purchase the following de
scribed lands:— Cniuinencini! at a post
planted at the most southerly end of
Cranberry lako, thencE 80 chains; thence
8 80 chains; thence VV 40 chaina; thenou
along ihe boundary of Lot 30, Say win I
District, in a general north and wost tli
notion, to a point due south of thu point
of enmmetioewent, thence due north to
the point of comuieucument and containing 5i 0 aens mure <r less.
Makoaukt Iti.i 'iim Cahwitiikn
Dated .Ian. 14, 1012. Htgmald Carwithen
-AVWAlin t.AMi niHTltlCT District, of Say
•anl —Take notice that BJith Wilson
of Lythnnt: Eng., occupation man id
w man, iutends tn apply for permission
io purchase the following described lands
Commencing at a pi at plautmt about
nite-half mile >• from south hank of
Troul lake and about ouo mile south
from the most northerly end of Troul
lake, iheiio* south 80 chains tln-uco K
40 chains, thence N 80 chains, thence w
4i) chains r.o point of commencement
••nil continuing 820 acres mom or leia.
Dated Jan. ll, 1012, Ueginuld Car
wttheii, Agent.
-AvwAitn lash district, District o_f Say-
waid. T >Uo notice that l'i<111 li Lace}
Bates nf Lytham. Gog., occupation win*
w, intends to apply for permission to
■lurchase the ful lowing described lands-—
0 mmonoiiig at a post plant, <l on tin
*i ut.li bai k of Trout lakuagtl aboul twi
miles from the m st northerly uud of said
aie, thetlCQ Ii) 80 chains, thence N 4<>
•halts, thenoe snioh along hank of sain
ak< 8>> chains I" point n( cnminenceineiu
mil cull lain ing 80 acres more or less.
Edith Laobv Batbs
I) ted Jan. 11,1912 Reginald Cnrwithen
SAYWutn iand'distriot, District of Say
■vard — Tuke noiioe that Harriet. Jane
ilaitdiiidge of Loudon, ICuglaudt occupa*
turn single woman, intends to apply ful
permission to purchase the following described lauds- Commencing at a post
planted ou the N bank of Trout lako aud
'.b'-.ut one mile fr m tho must southerly
und of said lake I hence almg the batik ol
said lake southerly 80 chains, teence N W
80 chains, thenoe K 40 chains to point of
commencement aud containing 100 acres
mure or less.
Harriet Jane Hainkriduk
Dated Jan. 11,21,1012. Reginald C.rwith-
vii, Agent,
Change advertisements for
Saturday mornings issue must
be in this ollice not later than
10 a. in. on Thursday.
Mrs. Simms will give lessons on the
piano nt tier house m Jerusalem, formerly
owned by Mr. .Mines Stewart, on and
after Monday, March 4th—until theu in
Camp as usual.
Hut Oli, you .Moat Piel   At the Cuni-
berland Cafe.   The beat in town, The
place where Home mado bread is sold
E. T. WHELAN,  Proprietor
Livery S
Third St & Penrith Avenue
All kinda of hauling done
First-class Rigs for Hire
livery and team work promptly
attended to
For The
The. finest hotel in the city.
.C. Qaraee
For Auto and
Gas Engine Supplies
District Agent for the
Rusr.el, E M.F. 30 Flanders 20
and McLaug-hlin-Buick automobiles
Fairbanks-Morse   Stationary   and   Marine    Engines,
Oliver Typewriters, Moore's Lights, and Cleveland,
Brantford, Massey-Harris and Perfect bicycles
Phone 18
Hung Chong & Co.,
Branch Store from CHARLIE SING C1IONU Co.
Hardware of all kinds.
Boots and Shoes, at Lowest Prices
Wuter Rights Branch.
In tlm matter of the Bourd nf Invest
igation created .by Van III, of the
'•Water Aut" for ihe deteripinaiinn of
water right* existing on the 12th day
of March, 1909, ami in the matter of
the following crocks in the Alberni
Alma Spring.
Anderson Like.
Ash River.
Ash Like,
lkrtlett Creek.
Rergh Creek.
Braver  fyrenk.
Billson ('reek.
Bear River.
Buttles Like.
Burinan River.
Buek Creek. ,
Bainhridge Lake.
Boulder Creek, n
Browning Creek
Bamlield Creek.
Canon ('reek.
Chi..a Creek.
Cinnabar Creek.
Cameron Lake.  '
Cameron River.
Coleman Creek.
Clay quot liiver.
Cleiigb River.
Cued" Creek.
Cons Creek.
Couer d'Alone Creek.
Cinnamon Creek.
Dublin Gulch,
Dickson Lake.
Deer Creek.
Doners Lake.
Deep Lake.
Delia Kails.
Elsie Creek.
Elsie Lake
Eiiglislmians River,
Elk River.
Elk River, North Kork.
Kllinghain Crock.
False Creek.
Eorseli Creek.
French Creek.
Franklin C-eek.
Four-mile Creek.
Granite Creek.
Granite Kails.
Gold River.
(•nippier Creek.
Goose Creek.
Grace Rivor.
Green Lake.
Great Central Lake,
1 dun i lab Lake.
Hnrdy Creek.
Hobart Lake.
Handy Creek.
Ingefsoll Creek,
Jew Creek
Johnson River.
Kitsucksis Creek.
Kennedy Lake.
Keith  River.
Keith River North Fork.
Kewquodie Creek.
Ka-OO-Winoli Creek.
Lizard Lake.
•Lost Shoe Creek.
Long Lake.
Like Sugsar.
Lucky Creek.
Little Qualicum River.
Moyahat River,
Megin Lake.
Muchalat Luke.
Miihatta River.
Mac-Jack River,
Museum Creek:
Mn.".i|uito Creek.
McFiirlands Creek.
Mineral Creek.
Maggie Lake.
Marble Creek.
Muriel Creek.
Mortimer Creek.
Mill Creek
McQuillon Creek
Nuhniint Lake
Nahinint River
Narrow uut Creek
Pool Creek
Porphery Creek
Penny Creek
Roger Creek
Rebbek Creek ,
Stamps River.
Shakespeare Creek
Somas river:
Spring creek
Sproat lake
San Joseph Creek
St. Andrews Creek
Sage creek
Sand river
Sutehie rivor
Suritu Like
Sarita river
Snrita River South Fork
Torn*n Creek
Taylor Creek
Tsusiat lake
Twjuurt river
Trampiille Creek,
Trout river
TrdiBis river
View lake
Williams lako
Yellowstone Creek
Spring on Shnrp Point
Pond situate   about   600   feet  from
Grappler Creek.
Snnill   stream emptying  into   bay
about half a  mile   west   nf Villnge
Poin', Kyuquot Sound.
Creek running  ilimugh Lit 6, Rupert
.Small creek running through Block 8
of Lit 100, Alberni!
Unnamed creek running through   Lol
148, AUn-.ui.
Creek which enters Lot 27, approximately 1,700 feet west of northeast
And all  unnamed   springs,   streams,
creek*,   ponds,   gulches,   and   hikes
tributary to or in the vicinity of the
above-named streams.
I'ako notice that each and every person
partnership, company or  municipality
iv ho, ou the said   12th day of  March,
li)09, hnd water rights on any  of  the
above-mentioned creeks, is directed to
forward, on or before the Uh day of
May,   1912,   to   the  Comptroller   of
Water Bights at the Parliament buildings ut  Victoria a   memorandum of
claim in writing, as required by section
28 oi the said Act as amended.
Printed forms for such meinornn-
luin (Form No. 19) can be obtained
from nny of tlie Wuter Recorders ill
the Province.
The said Board of Investigation will
then proceed to tabulate such claims.
After the claims have been tabulated by
the Board, notice will be given of tin
places and days on which evidence and
argument will be heard at local points.
Dated at Victoria, this 12th day of
March, 1912.
By order of the Board of Investigation.
Acting Comptroller of Water  Rights.
Water Rights Branch.
In tub mutter of the Board of In
vestigation created by  Fart III,  of
the "Water Act" for  the determination of the Iwater  rights existing on
the 12th day of March, 1909; aud in
the matter of the following   oreeks iu
Victoria Water District:—
drhutus Creek
.■inchenachie Creek
Averill's Creek
Apple river
dt-Lat Zee river
.iiikitree (.'reek
dllard lake
dmpach river
.Ishuliii Creek
diiutx. lake
dlice lake
Jlhm lake
ddiiins creek
,-lxe Creek
dtnarko river
.Ihlaklin lake
dt Wny-Kol-Lcsse river
.III' Creek
i laker Creek
Hattys Creek
Bear Creek
Hear hike
Beaver Creek
Bengal Spring
Big Four Creek
Bilson Creek
Bonsalls Creek
Brenton lake
Brittunia Creek ,
Brother Creek
Brem river
Bluff Uke
Bonanza lake
'Braden Creek
Boulder Creek
Bradley Creek
Brown's river
Black Creek
Buttles lake
Boot lake
Dour liver
Bnii'd creek
Bugaboo Creek
Bella Coola river
Blackwaier river
Buckingham lake
Big Creek
Blue Bells Creek
Blnir Creek
Bush Creek
Calcutta Creek
Campbell liver
Campliell l»ke
Campbell lake, Upper
Cascade Creek
Cedar Creek
Chemainus river
Clundening Spring
Cold Creek
Colquitx river
(Hitter Creek
Chewson Creek
CooinsHck Creek
Chnelqunit lake
Canoe Creek
Croft, Creek
Coal Creok
Comox lake
Comox river
Cruiksliniik river
Cranb ry River
Cheewhat L ke
Cheewhat hike
Cowichan lake
Cowiclinii River
Cottonwood Creek
Curry Creek .    (
Child lake
Cllilco liiver
Cbantsler lake
Clusko itiver
Chunk Walla liiver
CuriiiHiiah Creek
Charles Creek
Cache Creek
ChewMon Creek
ChatsCiih liiver
Courtenay liiver
Delhi Creek
Dal ley itiver
Doos River
Deer River
Deadhorse creek
Drum lake
Davie itiver
Demaniel Kiver
Dean Rivor
Duck lake
Elliot Creek
Eckheimick Creek
Elk River
Elk lake
Ellen Creek
Eagle hike
Evelyn Creek
Kail Creek
Fullers lake
Floodwook Creek
Fourth lake
Fords lake
Fords Creek
Fields Creek
Forsyth lake
GarnerR Creek
Good Hopo Creek
Grizzly Creek
Glazier Creek
Georgic hike
Green River
Grierson Creek
Gordon river
Goldstreaiu Creek
Goldstreani lakes
Glenora Creek
George Creek
Homalkn river
Ilomalkn river, East Branch
llomalko river. West Branch.
Hoyden lake
Huston lake
Halls Creek
Home lake
Harris river
I la-dam Creek
11yilamus Creek
House creek
Holhurk'i river
Hargrave lake
Hagaus Spring
Hewitt Creek
Maimer Creek
Hyrg lake
Imperial Spring
Ironclad Creek
Ida lake
Indian hike
Indian river
.1 ubilee creek
Johns Creek
Jordan river
Keating Creek
Koksilah river
Klite river
Keogh lako
Kakwoiken river
Kingconie river
Kulee Creek
Kilippi C?'eek
Kin anoh River
Kokish River
Kains lake
Kathleen lake
Karinulsen lake
Keagb river
Kia-Kla-Karna lake
Kelvin creek
Kildnlhi river
Krntilz Creek
ICuaye River
Ivoeye lake
Kahylskt itiver
Keeh-iilncli lase
Kwatna liver
Kle-nn Klene river
Liingley Sping
Mills C eek
Link liver .
Loakim C eek
Lucky 0 eek
Lapaii lako
Loquaist liver
Lake of ihe Mountains
Long lake
i,o liner C'eek
Lost C eek
Leech liver
Leech live , Ninth Fork
l,ootl lake
Lo.iui lake
Langfo il lake.
I.au el C'eek
l.e Millie lake
Lone C'eek
Marble 0 eek
Mabel dock
Mauley C eok
Mnthcsnli C eek
Mat.he-oi. lake
Mnthewsotis Springs
Matsfln C eek
Motchosing liver
Millad Creek
Mdl stieain
Mineral ('reek
MeLellaiis C eek
Middle lake
Mob Creek
Mink river
Mosquito lake
Maivel C'eekj
Meadow C'eek
Mends C'eek
McKay lake
McKay C eek
Muir Creole
Moriarty lake
Mai tins Gulch
Mountain lake
Maxwell lake
Mitchells lake
Ma ion Cieek
Middle Lake
Mohun lake
Mauser C-eek
Muchinell river
Nanaimo river
Nanaimo river, South Fork
Nanaiino lake
Nesoanlith lake]
Nugget C'eek
New Memis creek
Nutarvis river
Neechants river
Neecliants river, Wast Fork
Niniki-di hike
Niihwitte river
Niinat liver
Niinat lake
Nine-mile C'eek
Nixon C'eek
Noeieh liver
Nat'Oontloan lako
Nousiifsuin liver
Ni iu I mil lake
Noeh liver
Nile ci eek
Neoinas river
O-we-Kano lake
Oyster liver
On,- in le cook
Piiues Spring
Pidspret hike
I'uiitledge river
Phillips liver
Phillips hike
Poison creek
Piit.iiay river
Pike Inke
Puntzo lake
Pete'son lake
Placet C i on
Paxlon lake
Price C eek
Quamichan Lake
Quamichan Creek
Quatom river
Quartse river
Qualicum river
Quinsam river
Quatlena rive*.
Richards creek „
Rock creek
Robertson river
Rocky Run creek
Resevall creek
Sand Hill creek
Skinner creek
Skomahi creek
Somenos creek
Somenos lake
Sooke river
Sooke lake
Stocking lake
Swamp creek
Saltery Stream
Salmon river
Southgate river
Second kike
Sim creek
Shannon lake
Seymour river
Smoke-house creek
Silver creek
Stony creek
Sowick creek
Sunday creok
Skeemahaut river
Suquash river
Shusharte river
Sum brio river
Shaws Creek
Sulton creek
Surprise creek .
Schoen lake
San Juan river
Shawnigan lake
Swan lake
Stowell lake
Sumquolt creek
Spruce creek
Sigulta lake
Skomolk river
Snootsplee river
Saltoomt river
Summit lake
Sumqua river
Stella creek
Stella lake.
Stafford river
Swollup creek
Sigutlat lake
Snookly creek
Shotbolt creek
Shepherd creek
Taggarts creek
Todd creek
Tripp creek
Tahumming creek
Twist lake
Tatlayoco lake
Third lake
Tom Browne lake
Topaz lake
Tzee river
Three lakes
Tsulton river
Tsi-itka river
Tsulquate river
Tsable river
Tsolum river
Trout lake
Twin creek
Tusulko river
Tzacha lake
Takia lake
Takia river
Taatntsnee river
Tzatleanootz river
Talchako river
Tsodarkirko river
Toba river
Toba river, Little
Takush river
Talcomen river
Tastsquan river
Ulgako river
Upper Powell river
Upper Powell river, East For/*'
Upset cree*
Vernon cree*
Vernon la'te
Valley cree^
Wheelbarrow cree*
Whisky cree/*'
White-house cree/*
Whannoc* river
Washwash river
Wardroper creeK
Waterloo creei
West la*e
Weston la'.e
Wolf cree'.'
Wright cree/.'
Walt cree*'
Wammtx river
Wa'.eman river
Wusash river
Young la'-e
Stream situated oh.se to wagon-road emu
sing ihe Lena Mount Sicker Railway
s uie RpringB rising at or neBr the foot
8u''urL'inf Mountain in Sec. 2,   it. 8,
Spriugon sec. 5, It 10, Chomatnus.
Springs rising on sue 3, It  !>, Oils, in linns
Check risb y mountains wost nf Mu.quitu
titsib'.r, Mere Island
S'reiun running   llimhgil M   .1. Smith'*.
Ooiiiaikoti District.
Sprint; on part nf sec. 3, U. 3, Cnndkeii
Dm in.i.
.Sjiiiliyi.il Msi.le Its)   Road.
A*prf-.g on Hue. 7, It. -I, Oumaikon Dih-
Creek near Sec 3, Tp. 9, Oouiox Dlsariol
Small Spring oil   W.   vSyeks  t.tllil,   (Jorti
ill.ii Di tiict.
Cierk 111111011..' nnrtllo ly thrnugh coo.  7,
It. 2, Cowichan   Dlallict.
Spring on sec. IH; H. 3,  Cowichan   Dis-
Stieatn ri»iug iu sec. 5, R. 7,   Cowichan
Dis' riot.
Two Btrcams from springs on sec 4, H 8
Quatnioliaii District,
stream running into  K-quiinalt Layuon
across roc. 15, L. 64.E tpiiiualt District
Stream rising mi sec. 3a, Esquimau Dis-
t'ninoniul creek rising in bcc .'13, Esqui-
malt District.
Small sireaui near Hiaitll Beollon line sec
31, It. li. Kits.. Like District.
Stream using nil sees. 31 ami   32,    Liko
Dih! i lot.
Spring unnamed mi sec. .">•">, Lake District
small stream risiug rising in sec. 31, li, l>,
E. Like District.
Unnamed creek ll winy through   Lol 17,
Malahat District.
Two spring* situated near Bald Mountain
part of Tp  1, Malahat D strict.
' reek tl winy llirouyll W 1 ij aoc. 20, R.
2 Quamiuhan Dis■ r ict.
Spring rising in Cpper Swamp nn W.   i
so.:b. 17 and 18, R 6 Qiuiniebwi disiriut
:p iii(!« rising nn sec  17, R. 6 and sec 17
It  5 i.,i lamiclian District,
S|irmy about the middle of sec. 14, R. «,
Quumicbad Diatriat.
small stream rl .wing through sec. I R 8,
Quaniichau District,
Two unnamed creeks flowing through sec
77. Renfrew Dislriot,
siuail lake, east of Jordan Meadows.
Unnamed stream which ein|itier int.. P .rt
M N.H1, near N \V 1 4 boo. 14, Tp   2
Rupert D strict
B'resra risiiut ft tn a spring on seq 12 1! 4
8 llth Siniell Dtsiriot.
small stream rising in aee. 4,  R. 2 and 3
Worn south Hashish District.
I. keon s E. slope of Mount Wnnd (Mai
The "Haul" and nthur springs un sec 5,
K. 3, EaB! Salt spriny  Island,
si roan, fram springs 3-4 mile frnm salt
wslor fl wing intn samlito Channel.
Unnamed stream which flows through b»c
C, It 9, shawnigan District.
Orotk flowing through sec. 9. R. lO.sliuw
lllyan District.
Underground stream in huc 3 R. .'I.soin-
euns,   .
sivanip on sec. 4, R  3, somenos.
> ream flowing lhr.,ugh see. 7, R. 4  3 *tlt-
ennb District.
s roam running through part of s.jo. 44,
Victoria District,
spring* situate on part of sec. 44, Victo-
lia District.
A stream running frnm sec. 44, Victoria
screams, springs and watercourse,  running through part of sec. 44 into Cad-
bom Bay.
springs on the waterfront portion uf sec.
84, Victoria District.
Unnamed stream running throng r.ots
G22, 623, 624-, it.  1, Coast  District.
Unnamed stream at head of Mcl.allglin
Bay, Rivers Inlet,.
Unnamed creek Mowing into   Fly  Basin through i.ot 30, n. 2, Coast District.
Cieek flowing throng i-uttJO, it. 2,Coast
A chain of small lake" on Walruui Island, Rivers Inlet
Stream one to two miles  north  from
Wadhanis P. ()., Rivers Inlet.
Unnamed creek at head of Shotbolt liay
Rivers Inlet.
Stream running through Lot 107, R. 3,
Coast District.
Unnamed  mountain  stream  running
thiough Section 12, Tp.2, A'. 3,Coast
Stream running east to wost on iot 101
Rivals Inlet.
Stream rising in the  divido between
Mount Sicker and mount Pievostand
flowing in an eastet ly direction.
Stream at head uf Quathiaska Cove,
and   all   unnamed  springs,   streams,
creeks, ponds, gulches and lakis tribu-
tr.iy to or in the vicinity of the above
named streams.
Take notice that each and every person, partnership, company, or mimici
pality who, on thc said 12th day of
March, 1909, had water lights on any
uf the above mentioned creeks, isdi eefc-
ed to foi ward on or befoie the 27th
day uf April, 1912, io the OuinptroUer of
Water Riyhis at tbe Parliament Buildings, at Victoria, a memorandum of
claim in writing as r. >[Hired by section 28
nf tho said Act as aiuolldod. Printed
forms for such memorandum (Form No.
Ill) can bo obtained from any uf the wa
.or Recorders in the Provinoei
Tlio said Board of Investigation will
then prod ed lo tabulate such claims,
Afiea the claims havo beon tabulated
hy the Board, notice will bo given of the
places and uays on which evidence and
aryiunelit will ho heard at local points.
Dated at Victoria I Ills Kill day of March
By order of tho Board of Investiyatiun
Acting Comptroller of Watei Rights.
Klitis FOB HATCHING--8. C.
While Leghorn-.. Wilson Cooper "train
direct. Bleeders seleete.1 fur vigour
nnd large egg production. 492.00 per
I a eggs: $6.00 per 60 eggs; #10.00
per 11)0 eggs. Order early to avoid
disappointment, lf.il. TIIOMASON,
Courleiiay, B.C.
Porn bred Rhode Island Reds, f I nOpr
dozrn. 3, Puro bred Single Comb,
White Leghorns, $1.00 dozen. All eggs
guaranteed fertile. Apply J Laurence
Comox, B.C.
FOR SALE 3J miles from Cumberland, 20 acres of exlra good land,
good for either fruit or vegetables.
Will sell either wholo or divide in 10
acre blocks. Ki acres cleared. Apply
New Breeds of Canadian Wheat
(By Jobn W. Ward, in Canadian    Century)
ONE ot the most important problems
which confronts the modern agri-
oultural scientist is the pruduc
tion ol now varieties of wheat and other
Cereals specially adapted to thc conditions of soil and rainfall found in new
regions us thoy are opened up to the
sen lor. Each country has its own pe.
cuJntr conditions, and so each country
has to worK out. the problem for it wil'.
In Canada this study la being carried
on in the agricultural colleges of the
different provinces nnd at the expert
mental farms of tho Dominion Govern
uu-ta located in tho dUforent sectioun
Of the country, and particularly at the
cent ml experimental farm at Ottawa,
by Dr, Charles K. Saunders, the Dominion cu realist
Western grain growers have found the
famous Red Fife wheat very satisfnc
tory on the wholo, oxce-pl in regard to
the time taken to mature the crop,
whirh in the loss favorable seasons i1.
ruthur too long, so that the fields are
sometimes touched by frost before the
grain ia ready to cut. In hardiness of
Kernel and tiour strength, tbo character
Isties winch chiefly determine the value
of .cheat, Bed fife has hitherto beeu
without a rival, but Ijr. Saunders has
now succeeded in producing a large num-
hn i.t mn varieties* among which are
several that bid fair to wrest from Bod
Fife iis present proud position of
prsiuncy. The chief rival of Eed Fife
at the present timo is a variety pro
dticed by Pr. Saunders through cross
breeding and selection, to which he has
given the name " Marquis." This
wheat ii- fully oqual to Red Fife in tho
quulity ni flour which it produces, it
yicltia heavily, and ripons from a week
to ten days earlier than Red Fifa. Last
ye«i Mart) ti is was grown at several hundred points throughout the prairie provinces, the largest field being one of 43
an.'- nenr old Fort Carlton, on the
North Saskatchewan River, and it grew
and ripened as far north as FoTt Vermillion, which is 400 miles beyond Ed-
Dion ton and considerably nearer to the
Arctic ( irele than to the United States
boundary. The acre plot of Marquis
crown at Fort Vermillion yielded 40
bushels of No. 1 hard wheat, weighing
6*i pounds to tho measured bushel—
truly u remarkable record for a noint
so fur north. At the experimental farm
of the ho ninion Government at Indian
Hend. bask., Marquis yielded 54 bushels
to the aire last year, and a measured
bushel there also weighed 07. pounds.
There i- altogether about 6,000 bushels
of Marquis available for seed this year,
end Dr. Saunders' office is inundated
with applications from farmers who
wish t.i secure one of the ten-pound
bags which he will distribute free of
charge as long as the supply lasts.
But Dr. Saunders is not content with
even this remarkable success, and he
has iu prospect about 500 varieties of
early spring wheat of his own breeding,
£*~*n i>f which are now fixed types.
Among them are two groupB which have
been tunuu to ripen one and two weeks
earlier than MarquiH, respectively, one
Of 'hem being ripe on July 13 last year,
Th.se wheats retain the remarkable bak-
Ing strength of Marquis and Red Fife,
bul ii is uot claimed that they will
equal Marquis and Red Fife in vield.
Dr. Saunders, believing that in those
varieties tue limit of all rouud excellence has been reached and that a shortening nf Ihe period of growth can only
be secured by sacrificing either quality
or quant ily. The chief value of these
varieties, consequently, will be in extending still further northward the
wheat-growing area, and in providing
for the farmers of the country goner
ally a means of insurance against exceptionally early frost, which might
Otherwise cause very serious loss.
Most of the cross breeding at Ottawa
has been -lone with Red Fife as one of
the parents, becaune it has the type
of kernel desired by millers, early ripening varieties imported from other countries being used as the other parent.
Marquis is a cross between Red Fife
Snd nu Indian wheat known commercial
ly as Hard Calcutta Red, but tne spe-
elflc name of which has not been pre
served, and Preaton, Stanley and Huron
are other early wheats which claim descent from Red Fife, havinr been produced some years ago by Dr. vtfillium
Baunders, director of experimental
farms, and the father of Dr. Charles E.
New varieties of wheat, as has been
Stated, are produced by cross breeding.
or cross fertilization, the latter proeoss
extending over soveral years. The process is perhaps worth describing; it is
possible that some enterprising farmer,
finding time hanging heavily on his
hands, will make a hobby of the business and evolve a wheat that will bring
him  fame and fortune.
'Ihe cross brooding takes place at the.
tiniM when the wheat is in blossom,
when in the natural way the pollen
which is hidden under the chaff covering each separate kernel of grain bursts
from the antlers in whirh it is contained
ind fertilizes tbe feathery pistil and
so gives life to the embryo kernel which
otherwise would wither. In order to
pro-luce it new type the pollen from ono
Variety must be used to, fertilize the
pistil of another, and this is accomplished by a very delicate operation requiring much skill and CHreful handling. The method followed by Dr.
Baunders is to first pluck a number of
bra-Is of tho variety which is to be
used as thc male parent in the cross,
•mi then, sitting in n cool and shady
spot, armed with a pair of fine tweezers,
to lift the chaff covering the kernel and
remove the antlers to a pill box whose
Interior hus been coated with black
varnish. Tho antlers, which are three
in number, and resemble a piece of cotton about one-sixteenth of an inch in
length, are taken when just about to
become ripe in which condition thev
will burst eitner in the handling or a
few moments after being removed. The
tiny skin of the antlers is then re
moved, leaving the pollen in the form of
S fine rlust. The wheat plant which is
to be the mother of the new variety
la then taaen in hand as it grows in
the field, and the antlers arc removed
from those kernels which have reached
the prnper Stage, the remainder being
torn off the head and thrown away.
Tbe polh-u contained iu the pill box is
theu taken on a camel hair brush and
applied to the pistil, a feathery growth
lying close to tho antlers. Thero will
probably be a dur-eu kernels ou a head
that will bo at the right stage for treat
incut, at the one time, and when all hav*.
been operated ou the bead ia wrapped
iu muslin and left lo grow and ripen
iu tbe field. Iu Dr. Saunders' experl
once about one half of the kernels thu-*
treated reach maturity, and the experimenter thus gets ou the average hall
a dozen seeds to sow next year. The
resulting plants will be almost identical,
but in the succeeding season, when the
seeds thus obtuiued from them are sown
each oi." will product; a croup similar
to the sister groups, but containing as
many different types aa thero were
•eds ou the plant. Each of these will
represent a different combination of the
peculiar qualities of'the sorts originally
crossed. Some will ripen early und
some late, some will be large aud some
small, some will be bearded and the
rest Said. At this stage selection begins. The plants nearest to tho type
desired will bo selected aud their seed
sown again and this process continued
until In the courso of a few years the
plants at length become uniform, whou
the typo is considered fixed.
The new variety is then propagated
until a sufficient quantity of wheat is
obtained to enable milling aud baking
tests to be made, and Dr. Saunders is
this winter engaged in baking into
bread flour produced from over oue hundred new varieties of wheat. The varieties wbieb emerge successfully from
this ordeal will this year be submitted
to tbe final test to ascertain their abil
ity to yield large crops, and for this
purpose a number of samples will be
sent to the experimental farms in the
IN "East and West," Professor H. E.
Raulinson  writes on  Sacred  Trees
in Fast and West. He tolls of the
and many-colored flags, as the Buddhist
as the sacred tree of their religion.
V\ bat the pipal tree is to India, the ash
tree is to Scandinavia. The Christmas
tree is a survival of the old davs of
treo-worship. We hang it with lights
[\ many-colored ags. as the Buddhist
decorateB his pipal with rags and flow-
rs and lights tiny lamps as its foot.
The maypole seems most probably to
be phallic in origin. The Greeks identity the hamadryad with the tree, and at
Dodona Zeus made known his will. Jah-
weh walked in the garden in the cool
of the day, and showed His going by the
sound in the tops of the mulberry trees.
Milton's theory of Christianity rested
on the fruit of that forbidden tree, and
the Cross itself jb the tree of redemption. Perhaps, suggests the writer, it
is the eternal miracle of the tree that
has made it to all men of all a'fes an
outward symbol of inward divinity, that
led to the parallel between the King
dom of God and the mustard seed that
beccmeth a tree. Tbe Tree of Life was
the foremost object in the New Jerusalem, just as in Swarga, the Heavenly
City of the Hindus, stand the groves
of Kalpavraksh. which grant all men's
desires and fulfil their wishes.
'I1 FIE fur trade of Canada today is
\ but a small fraction of what it
was in the early days of the country's history. The variety of furs even
from northern latitudes is gradually
growing less, and the extermination as
n market product of a number of once
abundant furs is perhaps but a few
yoars distant. The demand for buffalo
is no longer supplied and there is a fear
If Yon Arc Weak and Easily Tired
Try Dr. Williams' Pink Pills
Anaemia is a state into which one
falls because of lack of blood, or because
tho blood is poor, weak, anil watery.
The man or woman who has not enough
blood ii pale, languid, easily tired and
easily depressed. As the trouble progresses ether symptoms show themselves
—and the life of the sufferer in one of
misery. Anaemia opens the door to
consumption, and gives victims to all
tbe epidemic maladies, because the
wholo body id weakened nnd unable to
roitiet tbe Inroads of disease. Dr. Wil
Mams' Pink Pills are the best remedy
in the world for the cure of anaemia,
Kntl all its attendant miseries. They
muke the blood rich, red, and pure, thus
bringing health and strength to Weak.
despondent men snd women. We do not
Know of a single case of anaemia where
Dr. Williams' Pink Pills have failed tr,
euro if given a fair trial. Mr. John
Hastings, Venn, Husk., was a victim of
this trouble and found new health
through Dr. Williams' Pink Pills. He
says: '' I wa* working ou a railway
driving a team and found myself gradually running down. I did not pay much
attention to it at first, but soon j began
to lose my appetite and it was a trial
to get through my day's work. I got
medicine from the doctor ou the works
but it did not heln me, and finally I
got so had I told the foreman I would
have to quit. He told me uot to lose
hope, that he would get some medicine
that would soi-n make me all right. That
night he went to town and bought me
three boxes of Dr. Williams' Pink Pills.
I had not taken more than two boxes*
when 1 began to feel better, anil aflei
I had used five boxes 1 was as well and
strong as ever, and could do a day's
work with nny man on the job. I may
just add that before I began taking the
pills I was so run down that I weighed
only 122 pounds and white taking thom
T gained 22 pounds. I cannot say toe
much in favor of Dr. Williams' Pink
Pills, and strongly recommend thom tn
all run down men."
You can get these Pills through any
medicine denier or by mall at fifl cent-
n box or six boxes for $2,50, from Th'
Dr. Williams' Medicine Co., Brockville,
that the first quarter of a oentury will
sco the passing of the fur seal. Thi
black fox aud the silver grey have al
most disappeared, and the trappers are
fortunate who secure but a few of these
pelts during the season. In almost
every variety of Canadian fur, despite
the national laws for protection, the
supply is slowly but Burely decreasing.
In connection with only one of these
products has any attempt so far been
made at preservation by breeding in
ranches, and it ia perhaps the only one
tu which sucu an attempt is possible.
Fox -ranching as a business is a new endeavor, but it pays well It gives a
large return for but a very small outlay, and a few years will see it a profitable, wwll established and remarkably
leveloped industry. It is in Prince Edward Island, the smallest province in
Canada,, that the most extensive experiments have bo far been made. There
the attempts at fox-raising haw been
followed by abundant success. Three
thriving ranches are already in operation, and the owners ure receiving large
returns for their labor.
The visitor to a ranch would not sup
pose, at least from appearances, that
the plain, small, unpretentious enclosure yields an annual income of five or
six thousand dollars on an expenditure
o.. little more than a hundred. The
ranch ordinarily covers in actual space
about an acre of wooded land in n
sparse grove of spruce or fir. It is sur
rounded by a fence of wire netting
about twelve feet high, the trees sorv
ing as posts. The proverbially sly fox
usee all his cunning to esc a) h>* from nis
prison bv attempting to climb over the
fence or to burrow under it. To pre
vont him effecting his liberty a strip
of wiro netting four feet wide is attached to tbe fence liko a projecting
cave, over which it is impossible for
him to climb. As he is unable to burrow deeper thau four or six feet, the
netting is sunk into the ground to this
distance, aud inside tbe enclosure the
fox is then secure. He makes his own
home by burrowing a long passage just
below the Burface of tho ground, as in
his wild, free state. Tho ranch owner,
however, ordinarily assists him by
building several warm huts liko large
log kennels where the animals find shelter, tv few troughs are placed inside
the fence to receive the animals' food.
Such is the simple and inexpensive
equipment of the fox ranch.
But if the building operations require only a small outlay and little labor to complete, tho tending of the
ranch means great care on the part of
the owner. Constant watchfulness is
t he price of success. Scarcely two-
Ihirds of the cubs survive infancy. The
greatest agent of destruction is uot dis-
use, but the parents themselves, which
at their young tf the latter are left
with them long after birtn. A few days
aftor the cubs are born they must be
separated from the older foxes, and
for this purpose the little enclosure is
divided into two or three compartments.
In feeding, too, great care ih necessary.
They aro fed with milk, fresh moat
and fowl, /-.t feeding time they come
out regularly from the holes and huts
n* the troughs provided for their food.
They soon beeomo familiar—almost
(ame—with the owner or tho person
who .eeds them. But so timid are they
that st sight of a stranger, or at the
sound of a voice, thov dasu away in
great alarm aod remain hidden for days
until hunger drives them from their
shelter. In killing the animals when
heir fur is ready for market, the great-
st caution is necessary. A drop of
blood on the fur, or the smallest break
or defect ruins it for commercial purposes, To bring the highest price it
must be a perfect specimen. Shooting
llie animal, or even killing it by a blow
or a knife, is therefore scarcely per
mlsBible if the boat results are to bo
Peculiar methods of slaughter arc em
ployed. The animals are enticed into
one of the huts, where they are easily
caught aud strangled. Sometimes chloroform is used to kill thom. Another device is to lure them into a hollow log
closed at one end; the other end is then
covered and the animal is slowly smothered. Tho skins taken from the animals killed by these methods are in no
uaiiger, if handled carefully, of stain
or defect, Another difficulty the rancher meets with is snow. Sometimes in
the severe storms of winter, even in a
grove, the snow piles high to the top
of the ranc. fence and the foxes escape over the huge bank. But by persistent shovelling, which menus perhaps
one ot two nights of labor, this difficulty is ordinarily overcome.
The Prince Edward Island ranchers
have succeeded in producing a atrain
of very beautiful "royal black" foxes
from the ordinary silver grey species,
These are a freak of the silver grey
breed and in the wild state appear only
occasionally. Out of a total of five
hundred silver grey skins that nre shipped annually from Alaska to tue European markets, there are no more than
eight or ten of these so-called "royal
black" Bkins. The others—that appear
but seldom—come from Labrador and
'he north Atlantic provinces. Thev are
extremely rare and of grent valun.
They are not found in the ordinary fur
markets. As fast as they appear they
are purchased principally by agents of
the royal families of Russia, to whom
they are sold at enormous prices. Con-
sequently the lex rancher denls almost
exclusively in this freak breed; he has
no place in his business for the ordinary
red (ox, and he gives less attention to
'he silver grey than to tho "royal
The largest owner in Prince Edward
Island has seven pairs of breeders.
From tnese he gets from thirty to forty
cubs each year, but scarcely two-thirds
of them, because of disease and parent
slaughter, survive infancy. To develop
'he twenty or twenty-five yearly survivors to the age of two nr three years,
when the fur Is ready for market, re-
nu ires but n very small annual expen
'iture. rho animals, when their fur
■s read' for marketing, are not much
larger than a large cat or a fox terrier.
One skin will make a very small col
Inret or muff, nnd ten or twelve skins
■ire necessary in mnke n cape of ordin
iry Hire. Tne largest yearly output
"mm the rnnch is from fifteen to twen-
'v-flvp pelts. They am usually sold in
he 1-rmdnn markets. The largest price
vet pniil hns beon seventeen hundred
lolbirs for one small skin no larger
'linn a small <-ng shin—but a skin of
eery rare coloring and beauty. Such a
■■ire however, 's uvnsiinl. and nrnmnr
ifv the whin* sell nt nn Hvertigo ».f from
two hundred and fifty to three hundred
dollars  each.    Thus   the  ranch  owner,
the   politician
tf he meets witli uo losses and has the
ordinary output and success, receives
for his labor yearly from five to so vet.
thousand dollars, and, while bis actual
yearly outlay in money is ouly a few
hundred dollars for food, repairs to thc
ranch and shipping expenses.
ivhat t..o future of fox ranching will
be, one can only conjecture. It is uow
followed on a very small scale, for the
owners of ranches do uot yet conccu
trate their energies ou this as their sole
occupation. The few ranchers in Priuee
Edward Island are farmers, who keep a
fox ranch as an extra because they nod
it pays, ihey get larger returns from
their foxes than they get from their
cattle mid hogs, perhaps thnn they get
from their entire farm; but they never*
theless do not follow ranching as a real
and solo industry. Each year, however,
sees the enlargement of the present fox
properties, tho establishment of new
ranches by speculative rauchers, and a
surprising increase in the output of
pelts. The future may see tox ranch-
tug a profitable and widely-followed industry, nnd the Dominion supplying the
markets of the world with the now rare
nnd expensive "royal black" furs.
11IIE iiho of coffee as a beverage is
traced to the Persians; it came
into groat repute in Arabia Felix
about 1450, aud passed thence into
Kgypt and Syria, and in 1511 to Constantinople. It was conveyed from
Mocha, iu Arabia, to Holland iu 1616,
aud was first brought to Eugland by
Nathaniel Canopus, a Cretan, in 165U.
The first coffee house iu England was
kept by a man named Jacobs, in Oxford.
In 1650. The first, in London was opened
by a Greek in George Yard, Lombard
Street, in 1652. Pope's well known
lines in "The Rape of the Lock" show
that it was familiarly known in his
"Coffoe,   which   uiak<
And  see through  alt  things   with  his
half-shut eyes."
Toward the middle of tho fifteenth
century, it is related, a poor Arab was
travelling in Abyssinia. Finding himself weak and weary, he stopped near a
grove. For fuel wherewith to cook his
rice, he cut down a tree that happened
to be covered with dried berries. His
meal being cooked and eaten, the traveller discovered that these half-burnt
berries were fragrant. He collected a
number of them and, on crushing them
with a stone, found that the aroma was
increased to a great extent. While wondering at this, he acciuontally let the
substance fall into u can that contain
ed his scanty supply of water. A miracle. The almost putrid water was purified. He brought it to his lips; it was
fresh and agreeable; and after a short
rest the traveller so far recovered his
strength and energy as to be able to resume his journey. Tho lucky Arab gath
ered as many berries as he could, and.
having arrived at Aden, informed the
mufti of his discovery. That worthy
was an inveterate opium-smoker who
lad been suffering for years from the
influence 0* the poisonous drug. He
triad an infusion of tho roasted berries,
and was so delighted at tho recovery of
his former vigor that in gratitude to
Ihe tree he called it camuha, which in
Arabic signifies "force."
It is snid that the Mohammedans,
shortly after the introduction of coffee,
employed it to keep them awake during
their long religious services. Later it
was considered au intoxicating liquor,
and hence to be classed among the beverages prohibited by thc Koran.
Still its use was continued, however,
and though it took a long time for it's
influence to pass beyond the confines
of Arabia, it finally came into favor at
Constantinople, where coffee * houses
were opened in the sixteenth century.
Until IfiDO the only source of the
world's coffee supply was Arabia, but in
that year Governor-General Van Hoorne,
of the Dutcn East India Company, received a few coffee seeds from traders
who plied between the Arabian Gulf
and .lava, ihese seeds were planted,
and grew ho well that the industry of
coffee-growing in .lava received a tremendous impetus. One oi the plants
first grown there was sent to the Governor of tue Dutch East India Company.
It was planted in Holland, aad seeds
from it were sent to tbe West Indies,
and then to other parts of the world.
Sugar-Coated Etiquette
WESTERNER owned a stump;
lot, with woods on three sides ot
it. The field had heen seeder
to clover, and fifteen or twenty wood
chucks dug oolea in the ground, wber-
they lived in peace and plenty until i
bear, late in the month of July, former
the habit of stealing out of the wood)
just before sunset every day, crouch
tug in the tall clover and pouncing ot
a woodchuck while it was at suppet
The owner would not shoot the bear
because at thnt season its fur was gooc
for nothing, and besides, he wanted t<
thin  out   the  woodchneks.
When the bear had killed a tiumbei
of the woodchueks and carried then
into the woods, a wise old woodchucl
in the upper end of the field began ti
be suspicious, and whenever the beai
stole out of the timber the old wood
chuck would sit by its hole and whistle
to warn the other wnodchuekn nf thi
bear's presence, Then he tin J ull thi
woodchueks nt the lot would run lull
their holes, and the bear would si otic I
back to the woods, looking sheepish.
When the old woodchuck had player
this trick a few times, the bear appar
ently set to thinking; for at noon cm
hot day it wns seen to shamble out of
the woods and to climb a tree jttsl
above the old woodchuck's burrow, Noi
a woodchuck was in sight, and thai
made those who were watching tue per
formanee wonder what the bear wat
up to. he stayed in the tree all tin
afternoon, and just before sundown thi
'.Id woodchuck was seen to crawl on'
of its hole aud take a survey of thi
field. The bear's presence was unper
i.pived, so very sunn the old wnodchucl
scampered off some distance from hi?
hole. Then the boar nabbed htm flrtr
•squeezed him to death in a hurrv. Wit I
he wise old woodchuck out of the way
•he bear nnd an easy time, nnd het'on
•he end of the next month he hnd kill
ed every woodchuck in the lot.
To fm«hen black Ince tny it nn an
Ironing -bourd and mo'sten it w'tb a
niece of blnck silk dipned in a solution
rtf n tcns"oMiful of borax to a pint of
water. The writer i*lionM be warm.
Cover the tare »,:,l> ■• >Aoqq of black
silk, an 1 iron while damp,
(Little Lessons in Deportment in Fictional Form, by Professor Wilber-
force Jenkins)
Willoughby 'a Ordeal
IMIEY all liked Willoughby—nay,
1 there were not a few who bad a
real affection for the mau; but
even at that they oould hardly be blind
to certain ol bis shortcomings, which,
as Hurley Slithers hod said, made him
almost a social impossibility. Tbat he
had workod himself up from thc ranks
was wholly to his credit, and none of
tho set in which he moved were ever
snobbish enough to throw his extraction in his face. What if his father had
beeu a custom-house inspectorf How
ever society might frowu upon such a
ono as this, it certainly had no vulid
reason for visiting its displeasure upon
his son, nnd Willoughby could uot be
blamed for his choice of a paternal
parent. It was as much an nccideut of
birth that had made him this us was
that whirh made Lord de Noodles tbe
son of the Duac of Bare-acres, and more
over Willoughby was himself such an
everlastingly good fellow that he might
even have been the son of a member of
the Hoard of Aldermen aud still have
passed muster.
But there was ono respect in which
Willoughby appeared to be almost hopeless, and that was in the matter of his
dress. lie would wear a flaming red
I'our-iu hand and white spats whou he
walked on the Avenue, aud this whether ur not he wore a double-breasted sack
coat, a cutaway, or a frock—the laBt of
which, by the way, he persisted in calling a "Prince Albert." He had been
told many a time at the club by his intimates that these things were not correct, but somehow or other, either because ho did not care or for the reason
that his mind wus too much preoccupied
with more immediately important matters, the expostulations of his friends
seemed to make no impression upon
his  mind.
The fact that he had appeared in the
Easter Sundav parade wearing a Norfolk jacket, fan shoes, aud a brand-new,
shtny silk hat. had given society something to talk sbout for weeks thereafter, and more than one council of war
had been held by those who really cared
for him, to devise, if poasible, some
means by which his reformation might
he brought about. Marked copies of the
lending fashion journals were sent to
him anonymously through the mails.
Some of the best dressers in town took
pains to introduce him to their tailors,
a fact which Willoughby, unfortunately, set down to the credit of reasons
other than his sartorial aggrandizement,
having heard that these selfsame best
Iressors profited financially by these in-
trodn -tions whenever the introduced
left un order behind him on departing.
"It is really a confounded shame!"
said his most intimate friend, Harrison
Higwaiauer, "Willoughby is one of nature's masterpieces, and the idea of his
framing himself up like a tea-store
chrome iH most distressing."
It was shortly after this observation
of Higwalader's tlmt. the conspiracy resulting in Willoughby's ordeal was
hatched. What it waa will be best un*
■'eistooil by nn ueco-tnt of Viss Gladys
De Munn'fl famous hall, where it was
put into operation, The smartest of the
smart were in attendance, and among
others-invited wns Willoughby, It so
happened thnt upon tho evening in question bo was detained at his office very-
late, and the clocks all over the city
were striking two when he arrived. The
guests were assembled in the Sumptuous
banqueting hall which Colonel De Munii
had Imported at enormous expense from
the Palazzo Kadu/zi at Florence, and
there, us Willoughby entered, a repast
prepared bv Delsherrieo was being served. He presented a quaint picture as he
stood in the doorway looking around
vainly for Gladys, He wore, as usual,
his rather tight-fitting clawhammer coat,
a mauve waistc.ont, and a satin shoestring tie of the sort that comes ready
made and fastens with a buckle at the
back of the neck. Surmounting this
was a turn-down collar, with a con
stderable roll, revealing Willoughby 'a
neck in nit its massive proportions. IT'S
hair, parted on the Bide, shone resplend
ently with the dump of a well moistened
brush, rtfl he looked about him a great
social sigh went up from the multitude.
Would this man never learn that a
black tie does not go with full even
ing dress, and that the mado-np variety-
is never worn by people with any pre
tensions to formf And the horror of
that waistcoat, strung across with a
broad black band with a cut gold mono
gram of the wearer stuck like a postage
stamp athwart the middle buttonl And
ptjior Willoughby's Busponders — how
thev must be groaning under the ten
sir.n of holding those trousers so high
aloft thnt the rubber sides of his Con
gross gaiters with the imitation bead
button attachments at the sides, were
fully displayed! The sigh bec.ime h
gflap* nnd a stern look appeared upon
the faces of all the men present, Even
his friends gazed coldly at him, and
turned away.
Willoughby, utterly unconscious of
the impression his unfortunate garments
hnd made upon the assembly, hastened
to one of the tables where sat Chollie
Van Dooder, and was about to address
Mm when Van Dooder, without looking
at his face, observed coldly, "Well,
waiter, yen have been long enough with
that cfnsomme!"
Willoughby was stunned. Waiter! He
a waiter! To be mistakon by hie friend
Chollie Van Dooder for cue of Del
sherrieo's men—that was a crowning
insult! What he might have done had
there been time we do not know, so tumultuous were the tnoughts that surged
through his brain; bnt just then he
heard another voice from tne rear:
"I any, Henri, or Pierre, or Jacques,
whatever your confounded name ia, why
-Ion't you bustle along with that saladef
Do you want us to starve to death
before the cotillon!"
He turned sharply, and with dismay
in  his heart  noted that it was Edgar
Shilah's Ctm
de Kaukcnhoven, bu comrade of mtu
.venrs, who had thua addrmeed him.
'' Why, my dear Edgar—'' he bent,
much ttunteri'd.
"Oh, stow your excuses, my inanl"
retorted Edgar. "We want food, not
words. '
•' Hi—frarcon," came another vole*.
thi* time accompanied by a snapping of
the fiugera. "Won't you pleat* stof
gossiping with your friends for a moment und puss the champagne! Whit
do you think you are hero for, any
It was Willieboy Watklnn who tbat
addressed him. Willoughby never did
like Willieboy. Thoir names wore ft
Bimilar and yot bo different. Dazed and
amazed by tho reception accorded him,
he lost his bond, and would probably
have found Willieboy's with his (1st had
not Billie Uickenlooper come up at thi*
moment and, tapping him on thc shoulder ns ho passed, whispered In his ear,
aa ho slipped a five dollar bill in Ml
"Get a move on, waiter, and slide *
couple of quartK of tkr. down into the
billiard room, will youf"
Willoughby started, and waa about ta
remonstrate, but Uickenlooper hnd di»
appeared through the doorway, and
then, from all sides of tho room, directed straight at him, came snapping* of
fingers, nissiug sounds deaigueil to at
tract his attention, and sundry othor
Hharp calls:
" Waiter!"
"Hi, boyt"
"Hnlude here, you snail!"
"A little more of that cafe frapp*
for MisB Blickeubury, John."
And so on. A perfect babel, us in ■
Bohemian resiauraut having but ont
waiter, rose from all quarters of tht
room, and poor Willoughby, overcome at
last, turned to flee, and then—all, thel
was the ordeal to ond in triumph, for
thore like a queen full of the majesty
of defiance stood Gladys de Munn, her
)ye« flushing with anger, her lovely
cheeks mantling with the red flush of
righteous Indignation, and her lip cult
g scornfully.
Aa Willoughby tried to pass she held
up her hand imperiously to stop hilt,
while she turned and addressed Ih,
guests. ,
Vou do well to call him waiter,"
she aaid, her voice trembling with em»
tion. "He is dressed like one, but uut
only thai—he has the entroel"
The entrecf" cried the guests it
wonderment. There wns some cryptic
meaning in the fair girl's words.
"Vcb," she replied, holding oul hot
hand to Willoughby. "The entree lo my
heart. Ladies and gentlemen," sho
udded, "permit me to Introduce vou to
affianced husband. He has wailed
long enough, nnd now he hns his at
swer. *'
With these words she fainted in Wil
loughb.v's arms.
Ah, well." said Hickonloopcr, at
the gueBts silently departed, "I guest
we got our desserts after all!"
Hix months Inter Gladys de Munn wat
led, a blushing bride, to the nltnr by
Roderick Willoughby. She hnd not
smiled open his suit as the others had,
but hnd taken him in spite of it, slid,
in' order to provide against nny further
contretemps such ns hnd broken up her
ball earlier in the season, the bride's
gift to the groom was a five years' uub*
Bcrlptlon to The (keniIonian's Home
Companion, according to whjch, from
that Hay to this, through sheer love of
his beautiful wifo. Willoughby hat
TT7HKN wasning fabrics of delicate
▼ *      color and  in   washing  binilkoti
be careful to rinse iu wuter of
the same temperature as that in which
the garment is washed.
This is particularly necessary in the
euse of blankets, as careful washing ii
often rendered useless by too sudden
chango of temperature in rinsing, la
neither case must the water bo tot
keep  tins  from   rusting,  it   in a
good plan to place them  near the
fire after they have been washed
and  dried.
In washing a pastry board rare should
be taken to use the scrubbing brush
and sand i" the direction of the grain
of the wood. The dirt is by this mcuui
removed without scratching the surface.
The sand should be washed off with
plenty of cold water, and the board first
wiped with a clean cloth and thui
placed in the air to dry.
Healthy babieH are good babies, and
the good bahy Ih a blenaing in every
home. Nothing ean give the mother
or father more plommre than to see
baby play, Bvory movement is watched with delight; every new word BpokeS
brings pride to the fond parents. It
is only the aickly baby that makes the
home'wretched—and, mothers, it. itt not
baby's fault when he is aiek. Vou
are the one to blame. Perhaps you
give uim candies, cakes, and other foo<1
which his little stomach ia unable to
digflBt. Then whon he is crow and ailing you give h'm some "soothing"
mixture to quiet him. That Is wrong—
remember his little stomach is not at
strong as a grown person's, uud also
remember thnt  every spoonful   of the
soothing" mixture you give him only
does him more injury—it does not remove the cause of his fret fulness—it
merely dopes him into an unnatural
sleep, What ia needed is Baby's Own
Tablets—a medicine with a guarantee
of safety. About them Mrs. Mn thiol
MeCormick, West St. Peters, IM-.T,,
writes: "We have used Bnby's Own
Tnblets with good results.. Th y sweeten the stomach; give refresh!) a sleep
nud matte baby fat and healthy, ' Hold
by medicine dealers or by mn:l at, 25
cents a hox from Tho Dr. Williams'
Medicine Co,, Itrockville, Ont.
■5*—       " -*-.■«*.    ■   I tup: islander, ci'MBeiilaxd. b.c
A month after France had declared
war on rruesiu, threo of the most terrible battles of modern times had boon
(ought. These wero decided near Mctz
—Courcellos on August 14th, 1870;
MarslaTonrs on the 10th, nnd Gravelotte on the 18th. In ouch contost tho
French wore defeated. The King of
Prussia personally comuiuudod ut Urine-
lott«, wiioro tho fighting lastod twelve
hours. Nearly half a million men wero
on tho field, und tho losses wore iiupar-
allolod in modern history. Tho French
cuBuuliticB numbered 20,000, and the
Oermun 25,000. Tlie fiercest of the fighting took place on tho wooded Blopes of
Orsvelotte, aud it wus thore that the
aurvivor who tells this story served
with the 4th Buttery, 8th Brigade, 18th
Army Corps.
VKHV soon lifter marching from Col-
ogno with my battery I took part
iu a battle which wus considered
ouo of tho most desperate aud deadly of
modern times. Thut wus tlio battle of
Worth, fought on August Utb. Only
a fow ilny* earlier thc French had sworn
that thoy would soon bo in Berlin; yet
now, iu spite of the most wonderful valour on thoir part, they hud been defeated and thousands were slain, while
thousands more wero prisoners iu our
hands. L
Some, indoed, were going to Berlin,
but how differently from tho glorious
march of triumph of which thoy had
epokcu! When, after tho long hours of
battle on the Held of Worth, nearly
twenty thousand n en on both sides had
been lost us lighters, I thought there
could bo no more tremendous conflict
thau that; vet within a fortnight 1
ahared in that deadly fight on Gravelotte's slopes, which opded in such stupendous losses that the whole world wus
appalled and stricken to the honrt.
Thc tiny, unknown village of Waterloo gives'the name to England's most
famous modern battle on land; uud
littlo hamlets have become immortalized
because from their names aro known
throo of tho fiercest struggles ot the
Franco-German War—Coureclles, Vionville, and Gravelotte, ull near Met7., a
fortified city in Lorraine, which wus
held by Marshal Bazaino nnd un immense nrinv. Thnt army was hemmed
in bv the triumphant troops of Prussia.
Germany, like England, has hor Balaclava. Your own immortal Six Hundred charged tho Hussian cavalry and
artillery; five thousand of tho flower of
my country's horsemcu hurlod themselves, at Vionville, upon artillery and
infantry. With you it waB only the
Light Brigade thnt swept into the Val
lev of Doath, with us it was both light
and heavv cavalry who cut down the
gunners und the infantry of Franco.
Our cavalry silenced the guns which
had been slaughtering our infantry.
They swept past the batteries into an
open space; theu the French infantry-
riddled them with bullets, and the
French cavalry swooped on the survivors of the charge. Does not history
tell that when the King, with heavy
heart, visited the battlefield the day
after the fight, he know that the white
road which led to the onomy's position
was composed of tho fallen bodies of his
gallant cuirassiers! Five thousand Pru-
Jian cavalry had hurlod themselves upon
a French army corps six times their
Gravelotte succeeded the furious
battle of Vionville, where each side had
lost sixteen thousand men in battle.
Neither side had any real proof of
victory at Vionville, but nil that was
changed on the wooded slopes, where
with my buttery, I fought ou the over-
famous August 18th.
In tho early morning—4 o'clock it
Wus—we were roused by the trumpets
and bugles. Who was there amongst us
who did not ask himself tho question:
"Will vou awake tomorrow?" There
Was ono other question, too, nnd thut
was "Have you got anything to
drink!" Thev put thnt to mc, because
I know tho French language, having
lived two years in Paris, and I answered thnt 1 hud; so the men of my battery drank some wine before tlio battle
began, nud they fought no worse for it.
The drink warmed them up and gave
them courage, and when the effect of it
bad worn off—well, they hnd then the
courago of battle itself. All soldiers
when they arc iu tlie thick of a fight
for life and deuth, nnd know they must
continue to the bitter ond, aro bravo,
oven if it is only tho valor of despair.
As for mo, I nlinost ceasod to feci or
think; I was only a bit of a vast killing
machine, and played my little part me
I often think thut you Englisli people
form a wrong opinion of the German
soldier uud his conduct in tho Franco-
German war. We wont not becauso of
our love of war, but because of our lovo
of tho Fnthorland nnd our duty to thc
Kaiser, and it wub not every German
who, even un thut morning of Grave-
lotto, when most of us had become used
to wnr and its horrors, hnd the right
battle spirit within him. There wns
amongst us n gunner from Cologne who,
before thc battle began, buret into tears
and spoke of liis wife and children he
had left behind him on the other side
of tho frontier, and whom he believed
he would nevor sec ngain.
Our captain snw tho man. and, turning to us all, ho said; "My children,
it is no good crying. Wc must bo brave
und fight like good soldiers, cheered
by thc knowledge thnt tho harder we
fight tho surer wo are of victory, and
that thc sooner we win tho sooner wo
shall bo home ngain." Thnt heartened us enormously, nnd wo all laughed
at the gunner so much that he stopped
crying and wus* soon adding to the
thunder of tho battle.
On those dreadful heights overlooking the fertile country which, wheu
night came, was soaked with blood, I
served with my battery throughout tho
day. Tt was flash and roar from morning till niglit, und officers nnd men
ceased to be human beings und simply
became fighting machines, and luuti-
slaycrs. We wero out to kill and crush,
for after all, is it not the business of
battle to destroy your oncmyl
The sceuc of the fight itself was very
wide. The country is beautiful, consisting of hill and vale and stream. In
the morning when the fight began, the
whole of tho vast laudscape seemed to
heave, for there were upon its surfuce
not merely tens of thousands, but hundreds of thousauds of men, horse and
foot, cavalry, iufantry, aud artillery.
There were helmets, shukoos, caps, bearskins—all sorts of head-dresses distinguishing the various regiments of the
two immense armies. There were fields
upon Holds of bayonets, and everywhere I saw the flash of steel, and the
dull gleam also of the guns which the
artillery horses were dragging hither
and thither. It was too terrible for
words of mine to picture with reality,
1 am talking of forty years ago, for
so long it is since I left Cologne and
marched to Gravelotte.
Time has softened the horrors of the
war, and sometimes I almost think that
that droadful day is one of which I
have dreamt and have not really known.
But as I talk I can see it ull again—ull
that far-reaching pluin of moving men
und horses and gleaming steel, und 1
can hear, rising un the air, the fierce
shouts and dreadful groans of tlie gallant legions as they fought, the ever-
lasting rattle of the muskets, tho roar
of the artillery. I snw tho tremendous
struggle for mastery between two of
tlio greatest nntions of thc world. Al-
ready the aggressor was realizing what
a terrible mistake he had made, and
thut Prussia was advancing steadily and
thud and a loud groan, and tho next
I saw was that the gunner wus still
standing by the breech j but his hands
were no longer on the metal. A French
shot hud torn them both away.
The giant wub removed to the rear,
und the surgeons managed to save his
life. He went bnck to Germany, nnd
the King gave him a spocinl pension
uud commanded thut lie should always
havo a servant to wait upon him. Mauy
times afterwards I saw him lighting u
cigar with uu artificial hand, and I compared his appearance then with his
looks whon ho was my comrude on the
wooded slopes of Gravelotte.
From the early morning of that August day we woro at the guus,_ firing
ull the time, but not ulways in the
same place, because nu ordor would suddenly como for us to change our ground
a little, to pour more shell into the
musses of the French. 1 do not know
how often we limbered up and galloped
to a fresh position, nor how many shells
we fired at the enemy, and I cannot
toll, nor cuu anyone, how mauy of the
French were killed nnd maimed by my
battery. It must have been u vory
largo number, for even one shell bursting amongst u crowd of human beings
wilt ciiuse havoc that is too dreadful to
It seemed amazing that guns could be
fired so hard nnd so long, and that
ammunition could be found for their
grcedv appetites. Yet they had to be
fed, and somehow the ammunition was
found, and net only for my own battery,
but nlso for others', ueeause in tho thick
bnttlo-smoke men from other batteries,
black, panting, and sweating with their
work, would rush up for shot and shell,
so that they could help to give death his
dreadful  Harvest.    Thev  had   nlrcadv
hard to distinguish friends from foes,
and at night it was impossible to do bo.
A very inferno of fire was raging when
at ten oelock the cannonading stopped,
except for the little solntcd fights.
Villages which, in thc early morning
had looked sweet and peaceful were
now devastated and burning, and by the
lurid tlanics my buttery marched down
Gravelotte's wooded slopes nnd over
the blood-sodden fields und roads. In
that awful darkness the weary horses
dashed their iron-shod hoofs against the
mnngled forms of the dead, and the
heavy wheels of the limbers aud gun-
wagons followed close upon the iron-
shod hoofs. There wub no help for it
because the artillery had to drive
straight across thc fields which were
thick with the fallen French and Germans who had fought so furiously
against each other. On every side there
rose the pitiful cries of the wounded
for help or morcy, but we could pause
for neither.
Such is war—woe to the vanquished!
and it was woe indeed on the dreadful
night which followed that day of
appalling carnage.
Think of it! between us wc had lost
about 45,000 officers aud men, and two
days before the loss had been equally
heavy. The very earth seemed silenced
with the weight of tlio sorrow that her
sous hud brought upon hor. As I rode
ucross thoso fields of deuth I hud uo
feeling for uiiyoue but myself. I wus
utterly worn out with the continuous
fighting, uud hud become indifferent to
deatli und suffering.
The vory immensity of the horror
numbed you so much that you almost
reused to feel or think. Nature adjusts
herself to circumstances, and the vast-
nesB of the tragedy, the enormity of the
imii \r(
remorselessly to the triumphant stage 'used up all their own ammunition.
which made her the military mistress
nt' Europe.
Every rifle that was fired—and there
were hundreds of thousands of them—
every gun that was discharged—and
even they were numbered by the thousand—sent its wreath of powder smoke
into the air. It was dreadful to see
tho clearness of the atmosphere give
place to an uir us dense as a thick fog,
for those were the days when powder
mado i< thick and choking smoke.
All through the day our guns roared
and sent their deadly shells towards
the masses of the French, sometimes
tearing up the ground and doing no
more mischief than that, but at other
times killing and maiming little crowds
of soldierB. Comrades who wore working near me were fullinfg dead and
wounded, but my own battery was fortunate und did not suffer, so heavily
from the firing of the French artillery.
Of the casualties we siistnined, I ro-
member most, vividly that of a gunner
who was just on the point of boing promoted to the rank of corporal, Ho was
a man of giant stature, famous in the
battery for his skill und strength and
manly beauty. It wns his duty to train
tho gun, to point it towards iho enemy
where it would do most execution. In
England, I think, yon would call him
a bombardier, and he would have a
stripo to show his rank, but in the German army, buttons on tho collar served
tho same purpose. My comrade had
placed both his hands upon tho gun,
touching it as tenderly as if he -vrc
handling some creature of life which
could do his bidding aud understand his
I was very near the gunner, watching
him, Thero he was, with his magnificent figure bending along its dull steel
length, nnd his groat strong hands resting lightly on thc breech. I snw all that
for one moment.   Then thore was a dull
You ask mo what T had to eat and
drink during that long battle, I answer, just what I could suutch. There
was not much thought of food; your
only wish is to get the fight over/and
then you aro thankful to throw yourself down like, a weary animal and
sleep whero you fall. Food and drink
were common property, and the highest
in the army wore glad to take a drink
from a humble privato's watcrbottle
and share a crust with him from his
knapsack. Does not every German soldier know that fleneral von Hartmnini,
who fought at Waterloo, fought also at
Worth, when ho was in his seventy sixth
year, that lie wns on horseback for
seventeen hours, nml that during all
that time he had nothing to eat except
a piece of black bread from a private
soldier's knapsack? Tn every battle
of the war, officers and privates of the
German army shnred and shared nlike,
from the King to an unknown driver
like myself.
Other little incidents come back to
my memory as I talk—ono of the 14th.
when, during tho fiercest part of the
fight, n man was soon stnokiug a cigar
as unconcernedly as if ho stood on the
parade-ground and not on ft terrible and
fatal field. General von Bontheim saw
him and dashed up to the soldier. "Give
mo a light," he said, nnd having got
one ho lit a cigar of his own. Then with
it in his mouth and his sword in his
hand he rode again into tho tumult of
the battle and led his troops to victory.
Thc furious fight went on throughout tho summer day, until night came.
Entire battalions wero destroyed, whole
bntteries perished; there was not a
building which was not in ruins or
nblaze, and not a field or road which
was not swept by shell and bullet. Thc
battlefield became a shambles, and thc
very earth shook with thc tromondous
struggle.   Even in the daytime it was
suffering, made one callous to the pity
of it, and especially one who, like myself, was a mere soldier, whose only
duty it was to obey—to march ou. 1
had seen the country-side heaving wilh
life, fields looking as if they were moving masses, because of the tens of thousands of soldiers who were ou them;
now I snw those samo fields quiet again,
but covered wilh the dead aud dying
and the wreck of war. liefore thu two
armies met there had beeu the perfect
peace and stillnccc of tho country, now
the very air was torn with the cries und
gi'onns of the  wounded.
The niglit mercifully hid some of the
moro dreadful sights which day revealed. Here was a company of French infantry—men still leaning over u breastwork and even yet pointing chassepots
at the Germans! Ves, pointing still,
and looking just as tliey did during the
battle; but they wero all dead, shot by
our own  sharpshooters.
Great numbers of the French that day
were slain by bullets through tho brain,
as Ihey popped up for au instaut from
tlieir rifle-pits mid behind their earthworks to get a bullet into the ranks of
Germany. In oue pit alone, on Gravelotte's dreadful field, nearly eight hundrod riflemen of Franco were lying
dead. Thoy had Buffered terribly, yet
the eluissepot wns a more modern weapon, and had a longer range, than the
needle-gun, with which the Prussian in-
fanfry were armed. The French, too,
knew the country well, and could hide,
as thoy did, in swarms in the woods and
hedges and evory place where they
could find shelter.
For days tho sick and wounded wore
sent awny from tho neighborhood which
had reaped such a harvest of doath.
Every building was full of prisoners or
wounded, Iu ouo church alone two
thousand French soldiers and a hundred
officers were shut up until guards could
be found to tuke charge of them. Day
after day train-loads of wounded were
dispatched, thousands of Germans going back to the Fatherland for which
they had fought so nobly, and of which
they had proved such worthy sons. You
think a train is laden heavily if it has
five hundred passengers, yet I saw
trains, composed of trucks'with hummocks iu them, go awu.v beuring as
many us a thousand wounded soldiers,
Lucky, iudeod, wore the men who
were killed outright, or whose wounds
wero so severe that they brought a
speedy end, for so vast was tho uumbor
of the maimed during the three days'
fighting that uot even the immense resources of thc medical stuff could deal
with them, uml the wounded had to be
loft where they hud fallen or crawled.
On the 16th, men were collectod and
placed lu churches, houses, buildings of
any sort, and in tho onen air, and muny
of them had to remain unattended for
three whole days and nights until Gravelotte wus fought and won. Only then
could the exhausted surgeons see to
thoso who were still living.
I saw other things besides the gruesome Bights at Gravelotte, moro than J
can remember now, but I recollect that
we hnd to destroy muny of the people
who took up arms against us.
There wns a miller grinding his corn.
He was on tho top of his mill. We wore
marching past, uud he shot at us. It
was reported to the King, who said that
not one stone of the village should remain upon another. Thc miller wus a
brave man, u patriot, a Fronchmau
fighting for his country against hopeless
odds. He shot and ho fought—but ho
was caught under the roof of his mill.
A rope was put round his nek and he
wns hunged near the wall of his mill,
just to show the people what war meant.
1 saw him hanged—and I saw threo
shots fired at him and three buyouets
plunged into his body. Horrible? Yes
—but wur is war; and many a German
soldior who was fighting only because
he was ordered to do so, wus killed by
some such mun as the miller,
There wero mnny other cases like the
miller's—many, muny others; but it is
one of the rules of war that people
fouud bearing urms shall be treated us
enemies. And why not? Are not they
just, as much our foos us ure soldiers in
tho field? Sometimes the innocent suffered as welt as tho guilty. There was
at Gravelotte a peasant who was captured by the Uhluns uud told to guide
the Germans to a place they wished to
reach. He refused—and ran away; but
before he had gone many paces ho fell
dead to the grouud, for a bullet hod
killed him.
That is terrible—but again it is wur.
I know that much has been suid and
written of the brutality of the Germans
in the war, but I do not think that we
were more brutal and cruel than our
foes. Who shall tell of some of thc
things that woro done by many of their
soldiers, especially the Turc'os, those
half-savage fighters who ought never to
have been allowed to enter into battle
side by side with thc troops of a great
and enlightened nation? Often enough
the untamed and ferocious Zouave
would destroy the friendly soul that
wished to help him on tho buttlcfield.
And the hosts of dead! They were
buried only for the moment. There was
not enough earth to put over thorn,
When they were taken up again after
the battle and buried properly it wns
the French who did the work. At one
place, after the war, I wanted a drink
of water and I went to the local mayor.
He said: "You had better come into my
garden."   I went with him.
"You huve some grand corn," I said.
It wus as high as this ceiling.
The mayor looked strangely at me.
"You know what is underneath?" he
"No," I told him, for I did not really
"Fifty soldiers have been buried under that corn," he answered. "They
came from Sedan, and if you will como
with mc I will show you "where a hundred were buried in ono grave."
So it wus—in tho war tho soldiers
were buried in their clothes, one on top
of another. Of course, with an of.iecr.
some sort of ceremony was observed^
for they would put up a stick and a bit
of paper with tho name written ou.
After a battle nil ranks were put away
in the same fashion; and when the war
wus over they were tukcu up and laid
to rest in cemeteries. How many of
thoso who fought so furiously against
each other on the battlefield are sleeping side by side in peace!
Thc King, Moltke, Bismarck—all
theso and many more have gone. Forty
years have passed since we fought that
Irendful fight nt Gravelotte, which, in
n fow weeks, was followed by the fall of
.Mctz, with the surrender of Marshal
Baznine with more than 6,000 officers
and 170.000 men; 400 guns, and over
fifty eagles.
It was stupendous, unexampled; yet
it was better than Gravelotte, for that
wus not only a battle—it was butchery.
Hy George dean Nathan ■
ON the afternoon of July HHb of last
year, in the second* inning of a
baseball game between the nines
representing Cleveland and Host on,
played on the grounds of the former
team, Wagner, the first batter for the
visiting team, readied first base on an
error. Stnhl, the second batsman, bunted safely, advancing Wagner to second
base. The next player "up" was Mo-
Council. With two strikes and three
bulls listed against him and with the
twenty thousand spectators tingling
with excitement, the Boston captain
gave tho "hit and run" signal. The
next ball pitened was met by McCon-
nell's bat with tremendous force and
was driven over second base in a manner
that boded ill for the homo team. Neal
Ball, of the latter nine, was playing second. The moment, the leather sphere
loft McConnell's,bat, the former jumped
buck of the base, leaped into the air,
caught the drive with on hand, regained
his feet and touched second base, stopped quickly tn one side nud touched
Stnhl with the ball, and thus made the
most thrilling and spectacular unassisted
triple play chronicled in the annals of
baseball. "Ball's feat was the second of
its kind ever recorded in the history of
major leagues, the first having been to
tho credit of Paul Tlines, of the Providence, Rhode Island, team, who had pes*
formed a similar exploit, curiously enough, against a Boston team thirty-one
years before.
Each passing scu'son testifies to the
fact that the national game is u sport
full of unexpected turuis. That tiie.*-e
thrills are us common to the amateur as
to the professional contests is to be appreciated from the record of George
Howeii, of the Northside Club team.of
Noblesville, Indiana, who, in a game
played lust season with the Black Diamond nine of the same town, struck out
twenty-four players und allowed ouly
one hit. In professional baseball, ou
August -.'1st, last year, William Mitchell,
pitching for the San Antonio team
against Galveston in a Texas league
championship game, established a
world's record by striking out twenty
batsniL.i ia ;i nine-inning game. Jn collegiate sport, a record was established
lust season in the game between the
nines in the Naval Academy and the
University of Maryland when* Anderson,
of the latter team, struck out twenty
Annupolis players, und Meade, of tho
Nuvul Academy, succeeded in eliminating fifteen. Here wus a total of thirty-
five strike-outs in a single game!
ln the Tri State League, ua August
HHh, lust year, the Lancaster nine made
thirty-two reus tni thirty-three hits off
pitchers Stillman and Gruy, of .Johnstown, iu u regulation game, uo player
on the Lancaster team making less than
three hits. One of the most wonderful
feats recorded in baseball chronicles was
accomplished last season by Harry
Kruuse, tho youthful left-handed pitcher
of the Athletics in the American
League. Krause won every oue of the
first, ten games he pitched upon his
debut in the leugue. This included
three victories over the champion Detroit, team, which team, iucideutally,
succeeded in scoring but one run in the
threo contests. Iu the ten games Krause
wus scored ou ouly four times, six of the
gumes having been shutouts. Hia first
defeat of th*; season occurred iu an
eleven-inning game with S. Louis.
In the gumc between the Boston National Leugue team und the Roanoke,
Virgiuiu, nine lust year, Outfielder Bates
of the New Kuglaud team, brought the
speduton* to thi»ir foot by knocking out
two home runs in one Inning—the sev-*
Oitth. The most spectacular game in the
matter of length ever recorded iu the.
minor combiues wns played hist senaou
between the Decatur and Bloomlngton
nines In tho so-cnlled Three-I League,
wheu twenty-six innings were chronicled
—u game almost three times as long aa
the game usually runs. The lougent
game in the history of the Northwestern
Leugue wus played last year between
the Portland and Vancouver teams. It
lasted for twenty-two innings.
One of the most sensational afternoons in minor league baseball in many
years occurred ou August 28, 1909, ia
the New England Leugue, when the
Lowell and Haverhill nines met in u
double-hcador. Duval pitched both
games for the former team and won
both. Each teum was credited with a
triple play. In the first game, Lowell
butted out seventeen hits and thirteen
runs against two opposing pitchers. This
is the first iustunce iu baseball chronicles of two triple plays in one afternoon. A week previously to Duval's
noteworthy effort, "Jack" Taylor, tbe
well-known veteran pitcher of the Dayton team of the Central Leugue, pitched
and won a double-header against the
Terre Haute, Indiana, team, What was
even more romarkuble, ho scored a shutout in each game, and iu the first game
allowed ouly two hits,       , ^
The most spectacular college achievement for 1909—as well ns for several
seasons preceding—was to the credit of
Pitcher MeClure, of Amherst. He pitched u no-hit game against the Naval
Academy, winning by u score of four to
nothing; held Yule down to one hit, winning by the same score; pitched a no-hit
game agaiust Williums, winning by a.
tally of two to nothing; und then pitched another no-hit gume against West
Point, winning by a thrce-to-uothiug
score. In the way of thrilling pitching
feats, it is to be chronicled that Samuel
Weems. .of tho Macou, Georgia, nine,
last year equalled the world's record
held by '' Addie'' doss and *' Oy "
Vouug, in a game with the Mercer team.
Weems did not give a hit or a base on
balls, aud did not hit a batter. Ho
struck out fourteen men and retired
twenty-seven successive batsmen. Another spectacular performance was that
of Pitcher Browning, of the San Francisco team, who won sixteen successive
victories. He lost the .seventeenth gamo
fo Portland by the close score of one to
uot hin f?, *.
A record-breaking dav was September
20, 1909, as far as the Paeifie Coast
League was concerned. The first game
of a double-header was won by the Vernon team against Sacramento in tho fust
time of one hour and fourteen minutes,
one minute quicker than the previous
record. The second game was won by
the same team iu the even faster time
of one hour, twelve and one-half miuutes; the Sacramento nine being unable
to get a hit off Pitcher Vance for seven
[u the way of a remarkable total of
hits made by teams in a single day, tho
record of the last day of the Western
Association is unique. In the last, games
of the season of li)0!t in this league,
Pittsburg made thirteen hits to Muskogee's eleven; Guthrie, twelve to Spring*
flld's ten: Enid, fifteen to El Reno's
ten; and Sapulpa, sixteen against
IT is a matter of common observation
that grass does not grow so woll
dose to trees as in the open. Tho
same is true of grains. Experiments in
this country and in England have shown
that the deleterious effects upon ono another of grass and trees are mutual. Tho
trees suffer as well as fhe grass and tho
grain. This is especially true of fruit
trees. The cause is ascribed to thc excretion by the trees, ou the one hand,
of substances poisonous to the grass,
and by the grass, on the other hand,
of substances poisonous to the trees. It
thus appears that the failure of grass to
grow well near trees should not bo
nscribed to ton much shade, nor to the
exhaustion by the free roots of the food
ded by the grass.
ANEW postage stamp affixer has
mndo its nppearauce in the United States. It is apparently very
simple and certain in operation. By
merely sliding an envelope on to the
machine and turning the handle around,
tho corner of the envelope is moistened;
a stamp is projected, cut off from the
strip,   and   pressed   firmly   on   to  the
ci  i
d i
LOUSE   :    i  I    |
,/ hi /, .■ Ami ■ Eslublii l\mci\t
T. El. bj^tzei
■ ■ ■  • ::. mm ■■■■;■...' >m
... ".  ..   ■■".,'    ......
•, > .
...  .,.; , {..  ■,..:•: .
(l*ll'KT.TIi'N     FOIt      NBW       I'nIVKHMTY
III ll.li Nil*.  TO   UK  KIIKrlT.O AT 1'olNT
(jRKY,   NK.Ul    VA*iOOUVhH,     lilllllMI
Thu (I  v, nniii-nt   nl  Iiriii*liC I'.nnli'i.
viif Ci mpetitivti Plana fur thu guneiitl
■ ih, in.-.in.i lU'si^n f,.r il.,.  |*rlip'.Bi.(l   ii >'
L'liiverai'v, i .guthar with   ini.re ili.tml..
'inn*, nn i Im hin'.liiiuB tu ha I'l'i'tit.'tf Iii.*1
i niiiiBtiiiini.d 01*1 uf $1 5011,000,
Pi ssesi.f I10.000 will le nivon [or tin
...       BUCI t'HBtlll |)i'BI||   I* Blll'llll    III.
['-Hi. ulsrouf ilis-< pi'titliiii in.I pin
<>f ..i'v may I..1 ubtaiui'd on requ si tr. n
,i„. uudtniKiiiid
Tlm il.-uii-. tu In' si-iii in by .Iul)
•il-i.   11)12, nihil **i'.l tn
l'nl llAllll.nl    llllll.lliiu-,
Victoria, British C 'Iuii.Im' .
if? T* 7> F"& 3
RICHARDS & JACK. Proprietors.
"When you want a good choice meal cooked to
•Tip King's taste Ejive us a call     ....
' \ I ' 1' ■ v i ■ i i.    i i •...
. »l lNaiYl t. in  A \ iv
?l nn torn       t,
sill h.'l.yn.d I,,,
tT..T-i-IHmmi?* ig.-rrr*^:^ igjU-g -.-' ■-*.- ■ ie-Htre>)Kr,
lillJ IJIU UliDIllj
J.1U  rtlilj LuliU
Sy.iiipt.ls of Coal mining Ue^ulntlons
COAtiRilniiiK ,i,-',',s'"'  l,K'  Dninlnh i
frjaniuihi, S   k.i'ii. ii   AUmr i,
^M,.,,'IVniu,v .... N .'.— IVirr;
|ir.   ,„;;.,.,, p rtimwf   h.   IVuv.uv nf
j(«bC lun}W*»flWhi lea^dforate m
••.-a ywr* i*1 "fl 'i/V.111"' ■■|,,ir,*l;'
ftv *j) •.■ $ £09 uori?
. - IM' * - mMlc b)
Applioait'iii fora'eapu tuiiai u .»,
thenpi Iiciuit 'ii pern- n u> the Agei i ni *
Vg nt of thu district in which the rights
iptii'cd fur nre 81 tinned.
En surveyed territory the land muat be
da*oribbd In BeotimiB,i>r legal»ubdi»i8tuns
>.f m cuiiiirt, mid in iium v.yid enitnry
thtt^rrtcr.itppMeHfnrfdvdl lieatultod cut by
'hoapplicant himself.
liti ti iipiihoiiinni must be floenmpanied
by a Fee < f go which will be refunded if the
n's-rhUHpplied furHrenotavtilubitt, but not
ii herwtae     Ari-yabyshall be paid nn thr
in a"-in .1»1,. put Mf the initm nt ibe
rate uf live centa per t n.
P e pers-in . p.-i itiey the mine chilli
fu inh the Aajeui wt'h BWnrn rerurtiHBij-
tonii mc fur the full (juan'ity nf nnrch
ftii'Hbfeconlmined unci piy the luyalty
thereun. If tlie onulruituaK right* aire
iiiitbeiinr npt-rared sue'1 ret.imiSBhi.il be
fori t bed at le 'Hi (inon h year.
Tin lea«e will ino'udu t-e c"al minim/
n'^bt-iimly but thai stieeiiiay Vie permit-
'I'd to puifhace whatever av»ilftb;0 «ur
face rigl'ts may be considered necessary
f ir the W1 rkiugof (he mine at the rate nf
For full information applic«tinn sb add
bemadetu the Secretary of the Depart*
ment of the Interior, Ottawa,   or to  any
AtrentnrSub Agftit of Dominion Lands
W   W. CORY, '
J)- puty Minister of the Interior.
N B- Uuaii h'ii"x doublieatinnuf thi-
idverli t'lneut .villuot b i .>aid for.
Trnukrs iiddri'ssed to the under-
^ignefl at O'tttwti, and eiitlurtted un tlie
■n\v|.|,' -Temle: for Holland Island
IsiirlnliMiis,.," or '•Tender for Point Atkinson, 1.1.0,, L'glitliouso" will be re
iciveil up to noun of tho
for the coil.StllH'tlou of a wooden light-
liouau and dwelling poinhined on a Con
orote Pifti and Proteetlon Work on
rtullatid Island, Clmt!<uni H'Uiid, B.C.
and ali< foi ihe construction of ft rein
fill-Cod i-oin-lele InWer, dollble HWollltlR
.ind a fug aim in building ft i Point Au
kni*nti. in the Province of British Co..
Tendcicra may quoie for one or both
jobs, Inn n nny I'n-i' a st'paniti' priru
oi'ist im inilii'iteil for ea-.li one uf ilf
two jobs. Tin' Depart men I reserves
tbe riulii to ucfifepi nn ofle- for one or
lllltfl MllltlollH,
I'.in'li lender must lie ijccompnnled
hy an ticueptecl clieiiue on ii cbarterwl
Caiuuliiui bunk   equal to 5 p.c. of the
whole nmenut of tlicoM'.T, whidi rlu que
will he  foi fulled It'tbe -ncv^fnl t -
fivi 'i.'i-!uii" '" {.•titer im i the coutrnci
prepan tl hy tlia tl''} nniiK'iii, ot- fnils
io (•oiiipletv the wnrK In aionttliitycp
with the plana and specifications.
Plans mul specillca'ions can he seen
jji^l J'i'ums uf imidi'i' procured at this
b.j..itrt(or(ii( {Hlawa. a|. ihe Ageney
■'HintlH Vii'lorji/. |f.('.. nod
^'mieuuvcr tio'l
gg i N-z-ivn i    rcty-uay gf
ess <&riy
C«S  IJEN'S CLOThlNG, HATS and BOOTS Slaughtered   (EgO
I SgS   Ladles' SUnr-"''" "n'liiig from 2.00 to 4.50,      nyr       i>*j®
M Oolngtor <»«"  S^
'.t**!i *•   -"    ,8f'T
TO RISNT.—Nice quiet rooms. Apply in .Mrs. V. A. Walker, Cuminr-
liiml. 96-3
KOI! SALE,—PekTn cluck eggs for
hutching. SI.50 per dozen. Apply
Mrs. J. A. Munn, Minto, M. C.
Phone 9iiiJ. 90 2
FOUND-On bench, rntf-bnBt; Itce! 16
fei.t; beiini 5 feet; built by Turner, Vnn"
onnver.    Aptly
J.J HANXKRMAX, 0 .in s B C.
Notary Public Conveyancer
of i im I>r|
ui   the   Post Office      	
Prince Rupert. B C.
Tin* lowest or any teuili'i' flG.*1 nepes-
*iuily icceplerl,
Newspapers copying this advertise.
nii'iit wiihout uut. loriiv Ir.ini ihe  Oe-
p.-iriiiii'iii wil! not bo paid for -aiiu*.
Deputy Minister nf .Murinennil
Department of Marin*? nnd Fisheries,
Ottawaw, Canada, 1st Mareh,) 9 J '}■
Gre t SALE
For TEN DAYS, eommoncing
TO-DAY Pay-Day
WSl}  Men's 3.00 Hats, going for
1.50 ||
*w      Dunsmuir Avenue
Cumberland      ^".Jj|
1/ I \
Sign Work A Specialty.      Estimates Given.
Agent for Stained Paper, a good invitation qf
Stained    Glass.   All orders   receive   Prompt
Attention.     Samples of Paper pn b,and.
Capital $6,200,000
Kestive »7,0Q0,U00
H  | Real Estate and Insurance, Fire,
Life, Accident, Plate Glass,
and Automobile.
■ I. .   +,^—~
Accounts Collected
-Showing    of   the
Latest   in   Fashionable
!See BICKLE for all kinds of Insurance.
i j ring.
Everyone is Cordially Invited to Visit our Show
Rooms   and    See
our Display.
i U1U
m k CD, I
T ndei-a for tlm I nii-limr "f nflHirion
to iii- Union A C'omox Disiviot Hos
pilrtl, CmmiIk rlitml. will Iip received up
io April 1st, 1012. Lowest nor nny
tender not necossiirilty ncoppted. Plann
nnd specifications cun lie seen ut Mr,
\j. Mounce'* oflicp, snw mill.
F.J. DALBY, Seoretary
' Witter Bights Branch.
Tn tbe matter of the Board of Invest
igation created by Part III. of the
"Wiiter Act" for the determination of
water rights existing on tbe 12th day
of March, 1909, and in thp matter of
the following creeks in tho Nanaimo
Water District:—
Chase river
Diver /-ake
Millstone liiver
McGoogin /-ake
Nanaimo liiver
and all tin named pprings, stream b,
creeks, ponds, gulches anil lak s tribu
te. y tu or in the vicinity of the above
named stream-, and on the Islands of
Qahriola, Lasuueti and Hornby.
TaHe notice that each and every per
son, pa tnership, company, o tuuuici
pulity who,on thesaid I'-'th dav of
IMnrch, 1909, lia-l waipp lights on a y
of i he   bovtj itietui I creeks, is di wt
rd to to Wu d   oil Ul    lef. e     Mi*.    1? 7111
day -f i\\n.l 11)12, i" tin   C'.iiptn.il mf
Wuter Runts at the   Parliniuent  Build j
iugn,   nt   Vioturia,   n   meniorfttnlutu   '" I ▼
clu'u in ivritmn l,B required l»> aeotl ■■ • 28
uf the snid Act  ki amended.     Printed
funim for such uioiiiuraiiduni (f'tnu  N-<
19) can b-•htiiini'd from miy -f tlie  wu-
per Ructirderfl in the PinvillCej
The snid Hard nr IiiVfutiKatlnn will
then pmoied to t» bulateuuoh ulaims.
Afteatheoliiims  have b>eu t»bul>tie(l
hy the Board, notice wil1 bo given of the
placet} and eavH on   which  evidence  and
■ argument will he heard at local points.
Dated at. Victoria thistlth day of March
By order of thu B«.aid nf Investigation
Acting O'tmptrollor of Water Riuhts
OF eflNflDfl
Drafts 1ssu..d In an* DUmpnpy, pu.vnblo nil over the world
highest current rates allowed on deposits of Si and flp**fa'fd>* ' '
CUMBERLAND, B.C., Unwell-   -   -     OPtJtN PA'1
D. M. Morrison, Manager
Wm. H.Hoff,   Manager.
These Pianos give satisfaction in tone and touch ami are built In
 H last a lifetime.
We carry the Victor Gramophone & VictroltM*.
and Victor Records.    Call and hear the latest novb,«y,
The Victor Puzzle Record Price; 5t»t,bO
Chu>-oh St., NANAIMO, B. O. Opposite Bank oj
COURTBNAY, B.C., Next to Opera House
White Cooking
And White Help Only Everything First Class
Tie Right Place for a Good Square or A DAINTY LUNCH
We are taking
stock at the end f
the present muntl7
and are therefore
nine oiin stock.
50 Barrels of Beat Bread Flour  Hungarian   every
sack guaranteed to give satisfaction or money back.
Bought before the advance in flour.     * 7.00 per bbl,
while it lasts.
76 boxes Choicest Winter Apples at    -  •     $2.00 per box
Union Bay Co-oueratire Comjiany
■_ ^ ^ ^ j^ A ^ ^ ^


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