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BC Historical Newspapers

The Islander Jul 6, 1912

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Array r:'
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Ut of July Specials.
Men's Negligee Shirts in Cambrics.
Mercerised /.awns ami Shitntong
Silks, well nnUlioil and most cum-
fortable wear.
CAMPBELL BROS.
ISLANDER
Children's While Muslin and U»n
Dresses; dainty, tucked and trimmed with line lace and wide embroidery, all sices,
CAMPBELL BROS.
No. Ill
THE I8LANDER, CUMIIEHLAND, B.C., SATURDAY, JULY 6, 1912
Subscription price $1.50 per year
CUMBERLAND ON THE EVE OF A
BOOM IN PROPERTY VALUES
Campbell Bros, are Adding to  their   Present
Store a P.uildii;g that Will more  than
Double their Present Floor Space.
REAL ESTATE VALUES ON THE INCREASE
Renewed Confidence in the Town is thc Result of Such Enterprising  end Go-a-Hend Merchants.   Dallos, Peacey and
Scavarda Blocks Nearing Completion.
Plans and specifications' have
been prepared by our local architect, Robert Cessford, for an extensive addition to the large establishment of Campbell Bros.,
the enterprising merchants on
DunBmuirAve. The addition they
propose to erect will just double
the floor space of the present
building. The dimensions are:
40 feet frontage and 100 feet
deep, with a large basement underneath that will be used as a
warehouse. Already a force ol
men are at work excavating the
ground and getting ready for the
foundation. Judging from the
appearance of the plans, this
building when completed will give
the Campbell Block a massive
appearance. The firm intends
branching out in additional lines.
Their business is increasing so
rapidly that they find it a necessity to have more roota, aud soi.ic
time ago they made arrangement
with Grant & Mounce for the
purchase of the adjoining lot,
which they have now completed.
The addition will be used exclusively for gents' furnishings, high
grade furniture and crockery.
Campbell Bros, are shrewd business men and they have the pei>
ceptibility to Bee what the future
has in store for Cumberland, and
will be ready to cater to theii
ever increasing trade.
Rapid progress is being made
on the Dallos Block. The new
front will give it an imposing ap
pearance. When completed ii
will be used for stores and offices.
Tenants are waiting for the carpenters and painters to give the
building its finishing touches.
R. S. Robertson, the propriety
of the Vendome Hotel, is waiting
for the Peacey Building to get
finished, when he will use thi
premises vacated by Mr. Peacc-,\
in remodelling his present build
ing.
Excavation work is progressing
rapidly at the rear of the New
England Hotel under the direction
of William Gleason, the owner of
the building, who is preparing t<
erect an addition that will extent
back to the end' of his lot and
triple the size of the hotel. Jos.
Walker has obtained a lease oi
the hotel for five years, and will
at once improve and enlarge liis
barroom and refurnish the hotel
throughout.
Look out for next week's present at the City Hall. It will be
on view in one of the store windows, and will be drawn for on
Saturday, July 13th.
Miss Ida Carroll and Miss Agnes
Shopland, of Courtenay, have
been staying with Mrs. Syd. Hor-
wood for the past week, attending preliminary examinations.
Aldermen Elected.
Nominations were held in the
Council Chambers last Tuesday
afternoon to fill the seats vacated
by R. Coe, Sr., and R. Hornal, on
the aldermanie board. The nominations resulted in T. E. Banks
and W. Willard being nominated,
in both cases by C. H. Tarbell
and Alex. Campbell. There being no other candidates for election the Returning Officer, Alex.
McKinnon, declared Messrs Willard and Banks elected by acclamation. There is now a complete
board of aldermen.
Provincial Police Court.
The  following  are  the cases
which came up in the provincial
police court during the month of
June:
Furious driving 3 fined $   30
Violating Bridge Act 1 " 5
■-'■iPi-'-yi-ia- lii.uur". —i - " 50
Drunk and disord'ly 7 " 95
Vagrancy.  .,  5 " 40
Common assault 1 " 50
Selling liquor without
a license  5 " 1500
Motor speeding 1 " 10
Having game in possession ..;..l " 25
Total
Petition Being Circulated.
A special meeting of the board
of trade was held in the council
chambers on   Friday   evening,
June 28th.    The object of the
meeting was to circulate a petition asking the Canadian Collieries (Dunsmuir)  Ltd.,  to locate
'heir new townsite, which it is
understood tliey anticipate building, at or near Cumberland. The
petition has been drawn up and
is now being circulated around by
he chief of police for signatures.
iVhen completed it will be for-
varded to the Company's  head
[uarters for their consideration.
Other matters that came up before the board of trade were the
telephone service and the ques-
t on of inducing some one to build
lew houses, all of which was left
over until the next regular meet-
ng.
LOCAL ITEMS
.     OF INTEREST
F, J. Dalby, collector of customs, informs us that the receipts
for the month of June were
$3135.06. It is now three months
since this office was opened, and
the receipts have more than
doubled, the receipts for the
month of April being $1300.
Mrs. Thomas Horbury, accom
panied by her daughter, Miss
Minnie Horbury, left by Wednesday morning's boat for Hazelton,
on a six weeks' visit to her daugh
ter, Mrs. W. W. Anderson.
Tenders for the concrete sidewalks must be in on or before 6
o'clock on Monday, 8th inst.
A collection will be taken up on
pay-day for the benefit of the city
band.
Miss Hazel Frame left by the
S.S. Cowichan last Sunday for
Vancouver for the purpose of tak
ing the physical training course.
Miss Frame will return in time to
resume her duties in Cumberland
public school at the end of the
summer vacation.
Thomas Bickle, accompanied by
his daughter, Rhoda, returned
from Victoria by Thursday's boat.
Mr. and Mrs. Thos. E. Banks
left by auto last Wednesday mom
ing for Victoria, where they will
take tlie steamer for Sound cities.
Rev. B. C. Freeman, Dr. and
Mrs. J. A. Gillespie, left last
Wednesday morning for Victoria
by auto. Rev. Mr. Freeman will
proceed on to Bella Coola for a
two weeks' vacation.
The Ladies of the Maccabees
held a most enjoyable dance on
the evening of Dominion Day in
the Cumberland Hall, there being
present over 100 couples. The
committee in charge, Mesdames
J. Baird, H. Parkinson, P. Mc-
Niven, W. Clark and Miss Mabel
Coe, are to be congratulated on
the success of their efforts.
Dancing was kept up until the
last call, "Lights Out," was
sounded.
License Board Meets.
The board of license commissioners held a meeting in the
council chambers last Saturday
evening. ' There were present
Mayor McLeod and Commissioners Cessford and McDonald.
The minutes of the previous
meeting were read and adopted.
The application for a transfer
of the New England hotel license
to Joseph Walker and the transfer of the Vendome hotel license
to R. S. Robertson in both cases
were granted. The application
for a license for the King George
Hotel was also granted.
Legislation will be provided
authorizing the lease of the Es-
quimalt & Nanaimo Railway to
the Canadian Pacific, which now
owns its capital stock, after
which that railway will be operated as the Island Division of the
Canadian Pacific. The company
agrees forthwith to extend its line
from a point on the Alberni extension near Parksville; to Courtenay, a distance of between 40
and 50 miles.
Big Crowd Dominion Day.
The celebration of the 45th anniversary of Dominion Day was
a great success. The crowds on
the grounds were much greater
than on any previous year in the
history of Cumberland. The day
was all that could be desired from
start to finish.
Regina Catastrophe.
Regina, Sask., July 4th Three
unidentified bodies of children
were found last night in the ruins
of the bnildings desroyed by Sunday's tornado, making the total
death list now thirty-eight. The
the relief fund has reached the
sum of $250,000.
Thomas Wilson and Albert
Bramberg, who recently sold out
their interest in the Vendome
Hotel, Cumberland, have purchased the Queen's Hotel at Nanaimo, and will leave for that
city to-night.
Boarding house for sale: see
back page for particulars.
Mrs, (Dr.) Gillespie received
quite  a  surprise  last Tuesday
veiling when the Ladies' Aid oi
G: ace Methodist Church, who had
met at the home of Mrs. Harry
Bryan, presented her with a very
landsbme cut glass water service
and salad bowl, as a token of
esteem and respect. Mrs. Gilles
pie has heen an energetic and
active worker in the Lakies' Aid,
and her valuable services will be
missed when she takes her depar
ture and makes her home in the
eity across the Gulf.
Tlie lire bell rang at 5 o'clock
this morning; there being a fire
at No 1 Japtown. Result, three
houses burned to the ground,
CM TO PROVIDE MEANS OF TRANS-
PORTATION OF CUMBERLAND GOAL
Canadian Northern Will Pass Through Cumberland and Will be Extended North
to Hardy Bay and Barkely Sound.
WILL BE CLOSE TO SEYMOUR NARROWS
Plant Show that the Railway will Open up Urge Tract* of Hither
to Unknown Land on Vancouver Itland, with a Seaport on Barkely Sound on Wett Coatt
The plans of the Canadian
Northern Pacific on Vancouver
Island embraces construction
from Victoria to Hardy Bay and
perhaps also to Quatsino. The
route to be followed will be shown
fairly accurately on the map of
Vancouver Island. From Victoria
to Franklin Creek on Alberni Canal the route has been decided
on. As will be seen by the map,
it will extend from Victoria to
Sooke; thence northerly by way
of Sooke River and Sooke Lake
to Shawnigan Lake, which it will
follow along its western shore;
thence it will strike across country to the outlet of Cowichan
Lake, and will follow the north
side of the lake to its head. Five
miles beyond the head of the lake
is the 100-mile post, to which
point the assistance granted to
the company two years ago extended. To this the line is under
construction. From this point
the route extends southerly down
the Nitinat Valley to within four
miles of the lake of that name;
thence it turns north again and
reaches the valley of Coleman
Creek, which it follows to a point
near its mouth, and thence runs
up the Canal as far as Franklin
Creek. Beyond this point the
line has not yet been definitely
located, but it will extend up the
Alberni Valley to a point near
Great Central Lake; thence a-
cross the divide separating that
body of water from Comox Lake,
thence probably along the southern shore of Comox Lake and
thence through Cumberland by
the most feasible inland route to
a point north of Campbell River,
which is as far as the aid granted this year will extend.
The part of the Canadian
Northern Pacific's island system
to which assistance is granted
this year will provide for a Railway that will cross the island
from the east to the west coast
and back again to the east coast.
It will provide a route whereby the coal mined in and around
Cumberland can be shipped to
ports on Barkley Sound. It will
giveacess to Strathcona Park.
It will carry the railway to
within a few miles of the Seymour Narrows.
PUBLIC SCHOOL
I
CHARLES HERAPER, "The Port Mann People's" representative
on Vancouver Island.
Secretary Carey Applies for Ute
of Council Chambers and
More Teacher*.
The city council held its regular
meeting last Tuesday evening in
the council chambers, there being present Mayor McLeod and
Aldermen Banks, Beveridge,
Cessford and Campbell.
The minutes of the previous
meeting were reae and adopted.
The city clerk read a communication from the s « r tary of the
board of trade, requesting the
use of the council chambers as a
meeting place, which ivas granted
The following accounts were
received:
A. McKinnon  $ 10 00
Van. Daily Provmce. 2R 00
A. R. Kerstead .- -    5 5.')
Telephone Co  00
A. E. McQuarrie _ 205 00
Nanaimo Free Press    20 90
James Smith _   76 50
P. P. Harrison. - 103 50
Total  $;-10 35
Referred to ti e finance commit' ee and, if found correct, to be
paid.
The city clerk reported to the
council tl at he had  received a
cheque for $300 from the tire insurance company for repairs to
h  ui. ii.* i. i
I Thos. H. Carey, secretary of
the board of school trustees, who
[was present at the meeting, told
the mayor and council that the
closets at the school were in a
deplorable condition, the city scav
enger having failed to attend to
his duty in that respect, and requested that the matter be given
attention. The mayor assured
him that the chairman of the
board of works would interview
the city scavenger without delay
and see that the closets were kept
clean in future.
Mr. Carey also made application
for the use of the council chambers for school purposes. He informed the council that the crowd
ed condition of the public school
compelled the board to seek additional rooms, also an extra
teacher. He stated that some
rooms have all the way from 70
to 90 pupils under one teacher,
and he expected a great influx of
pupuls to the school after the
summer holidays, and the trustees
had to find room for them.
The mayor replied that he
thought that the government was
going to build a new school and
have it ready by the end of the
vacation. That would relieve the
situation.
Mr. Carey stated that he Lad
written to the Superintendent of
Education, but up to the present
had received no reply.
The matter was left over until
the next regular meeting.
The winning number for the
diamond ring at the City Hall is
1419. If not presented before
7.30 this evening, the drawing
will be continued after to-night's
; show. THE ISLANDER. CUMBERLAND, B.C.
ATTACKED BV
BRONCHIAL CATARRH
Itomul Brooke P.O., Port Antonio, Ja.,
June 4, 1910.
Doar Sirs,—1 havo beon smffcriug
from dreadful attacks of Catarrh and
tiroiichitis for'a period of one year and
four months, during which time I spent
most, of my earnings in trying various
remedies, but, alas! without any satisfaction. I was just about giving up
hopo of enjoying life for tlie future
win;)! in our Daily Telegraph papers of
-lauuiicu 1 snw your advertisement foi
Catarrhoxoiio, and tried ono bottle.
That was sufficient, I now know Ca-
tarrhoBOUQ is tiie best and ouly medi-
•tiuc for my trouble. It has made u
thorough run1.
(Signed)    T.   C.   WHITE,
Large stse, BUfHoiout for two mouths'
uut}, guaranteed* prieo ml; smaller si7.es
UO cents ami SO cents. Beware of Imitations aid lubstitutors. and insist ou
geUlngliiOejtarrhoBone only, ity mail
from the Ciitarrlmzono Company, King
•tim,  Unt,
HOW CLOUDS OET THEIR FRINGES
Tyudall used to explain to popular
aadiences, with the aid of a brilliant
experiment* that the blue color of the
sky is OWinc to floating partiolea of
invisible dust thut break up and scatter the short waves, which are the blue
wave*), of light. This, he hns recently
pointed out, occurs principally at a
great elevation, where the atmospheric
dust is extremely fine, while in the lower regions of the air, where the dust
is courser, the scattering affects all the
rays, or colors, alike. The brilliant
friugt's of clouds, seen nearly in the
direction of the sun, are largely duo
U dust, which especially accumulates
in the neighborhood of clouds, and re*
fraets the sunlight around their edges.
To any right-minded bachelor all
girts aro nice, and discrimination only
nets in when the fact of his engagement makes it an act of disloyalty to
his fiancee to think  otherwise.
There is no surer way of getting
snubbed than by offering advice to a
woman on her choice of frii'iuls. Such
is tho porrersit yof tho sex that forbidden fruit becomes the most desirable article of diet.
F
I AN
■     Ma»
[f
tY MURINE EYE REMED
Fm Red. Weak, Wcaiy, Watery Eyes
IND GRANULATED LIDS
Marine OoMn't Smart—Soothea E-s Peln
MurineE*eRenoir, Liquid. 25c 50c. *l.00.
Mark*  Ere Sain, in Aw-tic Tubs, 25c, $1.00.
CYC BOOKS ANO ADVICC FREE BV MAIL
■urine Eye Remedy Co., Ohloago
DANCING TAUGHT
by mail Ht home. Waltz, Two-Step,
Three-Step and Gavotte $1.00. Send
for list. Success guaranteed or money
refunded. Thousands of testimonials.
PROF. W. E. NOBMAN
98>/2  Osborne Streoj, JBpnipeg
Since John
Quit Drinking
By John's Wife
Storyettes
0m< Golden Remedy, Tha drat Boas
Treatment For Drunkard*.
emilll Md Tasteless-Any Ladjr on
Give It Secretly At Home In Tea*.
Coffee Or Food,
Costs Nothing To Try.
tf yuu have n husband, nan, hrotlior, father
•r friend who is » •rtctlin of liquor, nil vou
hiwi- to "i" in to Bend your uatno ana nddrrsa
on Hut coupon  below.     You mny ho thnoltful
nn  Inn-; iih you  llvo that ymi iliil it.
FREE TRIAL PACKAGE COUPON
Dr, J. W. liiines Company,
1130 Glenn Blclg., Cincinnati. O.
IMftuo M-nd inc. abiolutoly freo, hy ro-
turn titnil, In plain wrapper, hu that no
one rim know what tt rontnlni, a trial
\**<-knm- nf Gnldou Itemodj to proVo Hun
what you nlnlin for it in true in every
ranpiTt.
Nairn-   .       ...       	
Street	
City	
Provloco  ....
HAS A COIN ANY ROOTS?
Judging by tho pain lltey can
havo foots, brunches anil stoma,
c they
__ Kiisily
ourod, however, it' you apply Putnain b
Paiolesa Horn Extractor. Alwnyjt Bnfo,
always prompt, and Invariably satis*
factory, Forty yoars of success stands
behind Putnam's Painlosfl Corn Extractor,   SoJd by druggists, prico 25c,
igSDRBINEJR.
o	
wr. I    Tbe one remedy that positively curti
It/ VARICOSE VEINS
^tmWWmm, and other diseases affecting the veins
Ihicwra told J. K. Oaki'i, of BC Pearl Ht., KprlnRfW-ld
Mum., nun in- tiiiirt bare an operation. He prefenea
i-or-it- AHSOUIUNK, J It., nnil booh waa com
pl«H-f i-un-d -Imn had no return of tlie trouble, .Mild
uttw-ijiii' t'ttfriiai application: potltlvrly ti-innlew
rtfinorM Goitre, weim, Tuinora, Varicocele, Ilydro-'rln,
•t*.,lnupleaxintmanner. BOOKtf andtifltUnoiUAlBfrea
(1444 o»„ I8JXW1 oi. bottle at dmmtlita or dumred
f. F. YOUNG, P. D. F.,210 Temple 8t.,Springfield, Mau
-     I.YH13H, UA., HnnlrMl, CaaUtan itrnli.
Ifco rarnlohiHl h> MAItTIN  fllM.B A WVHHK HI, Wlanl.**
KK tUTI'MAI, OKI 11 * CIIKJIIUL CO., WI-u-Ibm * Cal
tarn aad HKIPKUHIX BUM. ttfc. UL. TutM***.
ISO'S
A LEADING barrister tolls the story
ot a  little girl  who was  in  tho
witness box,  and  was examined
to   boo    whether   sho    understood    tho
meaUng of an oath.  Tho dialogue was:
"Do you know what an oath is?"
*' Yos, sir.''
"Do you know what  will happen if
you tell a lio?"
"Ves, sir."
"What will happen?"
"We'll  win  tho case, bit."
NOT loug ago there was held in a
Now Kngland town an exhibition
under the auspices of an "tiuees-
trnl loan society," and among tho
prowl exhibitors was a spinster who
showed several tine portraits of he;
great grandfather) an officer in the Revolutionary War. A friend wns rt-
uiarkhig to tho spinier that BhQ deem
ed proud, indeed, of her valiant inoOB-
tor. "A brave man!" oxclaimod tho
friend.
"Brav<»I" repeated the iipiistor,
"Why, he took part in over fift-Hm
engagements, and there w.is hardly
oue in which ho didn't lose an arm
or a log or something."
• *    •
4 N Irishman was once serving in
CX a regiment in India, Not liking
tho climate, Pat tried to evolve
a trick by which ho could get home.
Accordingly he went to tho doctor and
told him his eyesight was bad. The
doctor looked at him for a while aud
then said:
"How cau you prove to mo that your
eyesight is bad!"
Pat looked about the room and at last
said: "Well, doctor, you see that nail
on the wall?"
"Yos," replied the doctor.
"Well, then," replied Pat, "I
can't."
• •   *
A TRAVELLER, coming very late to
nn inn, was told that there were
no  rooms.
"But I must have n place to sloop,"
he told the landlord, "and thero is no
other place to go."
The landlord finally consented to allow him to occupy a garret. "But,"
said he, "there's a very nervous man
in tho room underneath nnd you must
be sure to make no noise,"
The traveller agreed to be very quiet,
and retired; but in taking off one
shoe, ho dropped it heavily to the
tloor. He placed the other softly,
though, and went to bed without any
further sound. Just ns he was going
to sleep, however, there came u rap
on the door: "Good Lord, man!" camo
a voice, '' aren 't you ever going to
drop that other shoe?"
• a     a
CHAMP CLARK was seated in his
ollice in the capitol at Washington the other day, surrounded hy
Democratic friends, when a Republican
admirer entered.
"I want to congratulate you on the
Democratic victory," said tho newcomer smilingly. "I have been around
Washington for fifteen years and had
got the idea in my mind that the constitution provided for a Republican victory ever}' two years."
"Do you know," suid Clark, "a lot
of people had the idea that the probability of a Democratic victory was remote? This frame of mind is best
illustrated by a story T heard not
long ugo. A teacher, addressing her
pupils, Baid: 'Every boy present who
would liko to bo* President of the
United Htutes raise his hand.' Only
ono boy failed to respond.
" 'Johnny,' said the teacher,
'wouldn't you  like to be President?'
" 'Oh. yes,' wus the response, 'but
what's the ubo? I 'm a Democrat.' ''
MI8S LILLIAN TODD, the firet'woman to invent an aeroplane, was
asked in an interview In Now
York to what she attributed hor sue
eess.
"Success in aeronautics as in most
things," said Miss Todd, "is achieved
by pationce aud faith in oneself. Now,
had I been a pessimist—"
Miss Todd smiled.
"Pessimists like my friend's new
gardener ou Long Island," she continued, "would not accomplish much
in work like mine. This mun wns taking loaves off the lawn ono fall day,
when a neighbor passing by inquired of
him:
" 'Where's the gardener who used to
work here?'
"'Dead, sir,' was the reply.
" 'Deadl' said the nstonishod neighbor. Then, musing, he added: 'Joined
the great majority, eh?'
" 'Oh, sir,1 the gardener interrupted in a shocked voice, 'I wouldn't like
to say that. He was a good enough
man as far as 1 know.' "
THE tail of the-season reform that
swept over Coney Island might
well have considered the welfare
of tho wretched horses which are used
for t lie '' dime-ride'' business. When
t hi; season closes t hey a re auct toned
off, and are knocked down to the bidders at next to nothing, tlenerally they
aro so skeleton like that they are practically useless,
At the end of lust season n buyer
bought an exceptionally attenuated
Bpeoitnen after he had been coaxed
to bit! on him by numerous promises
made by the auctioneer, who wound up
by saying:
"Now, look a'here, boss, if you buy
this hawse, nu' you ain't pleased with
the animal, you just bring him back
and get your money—sec?"
"Yes," retorted the buyer, "but this
is the InBt day of the sale, and the
beast is so blamed thin he may die
on my hands. Then, supposing I did
bring him back, you probably would
not be hero to receive him,"
"Oh, well," blandly replied the auctioneer, "If you do bring him back
and we ain't here, you kin just shove
it under thc door."
Five Years Dyspepsia Cured
"No one knows what I suffered from
stomach trouble and dyspepsia," writes
Mr. A. 11. Agnew, of Bridgewater. "For
thc last five years I have been unable
to digest und assimilate food. X had no
color, my strength ran down and 1 felt
miserable and lmvous all the time. 1
always had a heavy feeling after meals
and wus much troubled with dizziness
aud specks beforo my oyes. Dr. Hamilton's Pills woro just what I needed.
They have cured every symptom of
my old trouble. My health is now all
that can de desired." By all means use
Dr. Hamilton's Pills; 25c. per box ut
all dealers.
A WELL KNOWN literary man was
praising Lincoln at a dinner in
Now York,
"Lincoln," he said, "couldn't
stand tedious writing in others. He
once condemned for its tediousness a
Greek history, whereupon a diplomat
took him to task.
" 'Tho author of that history, Mr.
President,' he said, 'is one of the pro-
founde-st scholars of tho age. Indeed,
it mny be doubted whether any man
of our generation has plunged more
deeply in the sacred fount of learning.'
" 'Yes, or come up drier,' replied
Lincoln."
She: "It is a woman's lot to suffer
in  silence."
He: "I should put it differently."
She: "How, pray?"
He: "A silent woman suffers a lot."
"I always look out for number one,"
said the selfish man; "don't you?"
"Well, hardly," said the person so
addressed, who happened to be a widow. "You aee, 1 am looking out for
number two."
The Horseman
The euse with which corns and warts
can be removed by Hollowsy 's Corn
Cure is its strongest recommendation,
it seldom fails.
Tho time to again commence preparation for the big events down the
Grand Circuit next season iB now fast
approaching. Trainers and campaigning owners aro anxiously awaiting an
early spring, that they may give their
heavily staked prospects a long and
careful tuition. Many, already, have
a good knowledge of the ability of
those they purpose entering, having
trialed them in fast time last full, or,
better still, somo raced them all summer and were fortuuate enough to
escape a fast record.
One that was highly tried in the
last manner mentioned iB the five-year-
old pacing stallion Branham Baugh-
man, 2.24^4, trained and raced by Walter R. Cox, tho New York Grand Circuit reiusman. Cox raced thc little
horse all season in very fast timo and
managed to escape a record. The fact
that ho was never unplaced and won
tho handsome sum of $7,000 has caused
many to severely criticize driver Cox
for the manner in which he campaigned this speedy side wheeler. These critics may be correct in their versions,
but it would seem rather unjust to
censure him under the circumstances
that prevailed. Branham Baughmau
was pitted against all the best class
pacers of tho yoar. Nearly every start
he made he was up against a sensation,
Several times he met that undefeated
champion. The Abbe. 2.04, and such
other pacers as Evelyn W., 2.02%, Earl
Jr., 2.03Vi, and May Day, 2.03Vi. Consequently, it is little wonder he always
met defeat. He was good, but apparently not fast enough to win.
Branham Baughman, 2.24Vi, was a
fast colt. In his three-year-old form
in the year 1908, he made two starts
at Lexington, Kentucky, and although
unplaced, he was close up in fast time.
In 1909, as a four-year-old, he was
purchased by Cox and started, but once
at Detroit, where he was unplaced in
a five-heat race, won in fast time by
Walter Hal, 2.04. He was carried
along the line, and at Hyracues stepped
a work-out mile in 2.05!4. A few minutes later he stepped the last half of a
slow mile in 1.01, with a final quarter
in 28 Ui seconds.
With these fast performances to his
credit, and still carrying his slow two-
year-old record of 2.24Vi, he looked
like "tho goods" for the 1910 stakes
down tho big line, and was liberally
entered.
He made his first appearance at
Grand Rapids, and finished second to
0. The Limit, Finishing a close second
to that horse, the first nnd second heats
in 2.0fii/,  and 8,07%.
At Kalamazoo the next week C, The
Limit went lame nud Branham Baughman was made favorite by tho enormous amount of money bet by Cox
and his followers; but disappointment
was ngain their lot. A now ono turned
up in that speedy mare, May Day,
2,03Vi*, and in out of the Writ aud
hardest struggles of three heats ever
ran the mare was returned the winner
in 8,08%, 2.04%, and 2.0,'iV,. Baughman, out of his limit, finished ,1-2-2
and won BOCOnd money. His next start
was in the Chamber of Commerce nice
at Detroit, ami ho was again heavily
played to win. The first heat was so
lose between The Abbe, 2,04, Evelyn
\V\, 2.02% and Baughman that only the
judges could decide the winner. However, Evelyn W. was given the heut,
and a record of 2.0;»V1, nnd The Abbe
wns placed second. Baughmau finished
second to The Abbe the next two
heats, anil stepped the finnl quarter of
tho second mile in 29:)i seconds. His
positions were, 3-2-2-3 in 5%, 4U_,, 5%,
and 7:}'|, and his portion of the purse,
third money, in tho $3,000 pace ut
Cleveland, Branham Baughman again
tried hard to boat Tho Abbe, hut the
best ho could do waB to finish third
to that horse and Evelyn W. in fnst
time. The Grnnd Circuit following
now moved on to Fort Erie and New
York, and twice more Branham Baughman was defented by the fleet The
Abbe, The Abbe nnd Evelyn W. again
both bent him ut Reudville iu 2,05-4
and 3.06% In a $5,000 pace at Indiana polls,    he   was    teamed   by   Dick
McMahon and just saved his entrance.
He was shipped to Columbus, and in
his first race there once more finished
third to his old rivals, The Abbe and
Evelyn W.
The sevoud week of the Columbus
meeting ho made his final start for the
year and went a brilliant race, although defeated. He finished 9-4-2 to
Koss K., 2.01V.., Major Mallow 2.03'/,,
and Ella Ambulator, 2.04Vi, in 2.03to,
2.03 V,. 2.04%.
Branham Baughman Is a son of tlie
great Gambetta Wilkes, the leading
son of Goorge Wilkes, 2.22, and is out
of a daughter of tho good sire Nut
hurst, a son of Nutwood, 2,\S%. He is
royally bred, and when his usefulness
us a racehorse is past, he should surely
prove a successful sire, and thereby
add additional fame to the great
Wilkes family.
THE  FIRST DOUBLE  TRACKS  TO
THE  PACIFIC
Au expression of confidence in tbe
future "almost without parallel" is
the announcement that tho Uaiou Pacific aud Southern Pacific Railroads are
to be double tracked through from the
Missouri Kiver to San Frunciscu at a
cost of $75,000,000. So says The Manu
facturor's Record (Baltimore), echoing
tho optimistic strain of the daily papers
which see in this huge expeuditure sure
proof that the period of depression in
business is now at an end. This, as
the Now York Commercial puts it, 1b
"tho first groat departure, upon n great
scale, from the policy of curtailment of
improvements entered upon by the rail
roads following the panic of 1907."
Now that oue great railroad has
dropped "the policy of Bulking or waiting which has prevailed since the rate
caBcs developed under the new act of
Congress," tho Springfield Republican
sees close at hand tho breaking-ip of
"tbe crust of depression and apathy
which hns overlaid the business world
for months." Indeed, declares the Indianapolis Star, "in twenty-four hours
after the announcement was made by
(Spokesman Lovett of the Harriman
lines, business had taken on a more
wholesome  aspect."
Other papers note that whatever con
ditions may have been elsewhere, tbe
busy Pacific roads have been steadily
making money, and can surely afford
these improvements. Tho Omaha Bee
and the Boston Transcript are relieved
to find that the spirit of Harriman still
animates the management of the system he built up. In the official announcement of this important move
by the Harriman lines President Robert
S. Lovett says:
"The executive committees of the
Union Pacific and Southern Pacific' to
day voted to complete the double-track'
ing of the lino from the Missouri River
to San Francisco, and to double-track
the Oregon Short Line from the June
tion with the Union Pacific main line at
Granger, Wyo., to Huntington, Ore,,
aud the lino along the Columbia River
in Oregon to Portland, being a total
of 1,673 miles. The cont of this work
will aggregate upward of $75,000,000,
and is to be distributed over a period of
five years.    .   .   ,
"Experience with tho growth of the
systems' business during the last two
years hns demonstrated that a contin
'uous double-track railroad from the Pa
cific Ocean to tho Missouri River, con
necting with the Eastern systems, soon
will be, if it is not now, necessary to
handle our busiuens."
President Lovett adds that although
the "outlook in mnny respects is unsatisfactory," with threateningn wage
increases, and impending hostile login
lntion, yet
"We believe these unfavorable con
ditions are temporary. Tho growth and
development of the country—at least
tbat portion of it served by our lines-
is bound to continue. Nothing can stop
it long. We nre sure it needs our rail
roads aud all these facilities we are
going to provide moro thau it needs
anything else, and we believe that in
tho long run tbe people are going to
treat railroad investments just as they
treat all other investments for the development of that section. They can
not afford anything else."
The New York Evening PoBt believes
that these railroads had come to a point
where double-tracking was a sheer necessity, for tho remarkable industrial
growth of the West has so increased
trans-continental traffic as seriously to
overburden the single track. Vexatious
delays of passenger trnins were frequent, nud "the time wns approaching,
if it had not already arrived, wheu the
increased business would gravely embarrass either the freight movement, or
the passenger movement, or both, and
the decision of the Union Pacific management to complete tho double track
for the whole main line recognizes the
situation.''
During the past decade, The Evening
PoBt says elsewhere, the number of pns-
sengers hauled annually per mile of
single track operated has increased
from 70.098 to 152,589 nnd the freight
carried has increased from 537,782 to
1,155,577 tons per mile, whereas the
mileage of second track has only increased from 17 to 539. Approximately
the same conditions are snid to exist
on all the transcontinental linos.
In tho course of time nil these roads
will be double-tracked for their entire
length, affirms the Ann Francisco Chronicle, which sees in President Lovett's
announcement just one moro proof that I
"all things come to Son FrauciBco."  j
MICA PRODUCTION IN INDIA
(By E. Harran)
India is, at the present time, thc
source of a little over half the world's
supply of mica. During the five years,
1904 to 1908. inclusive, iho quantity exported rose from 1,825 hundredweights
to 41,256 hundredweights, nud the value
from $415,915 to $1,237,680.
Although a .mica-producing country
itself, the United States is India's best
customer; and of the total quantity of
mica produced in the Orient, seventy-
A Pill for Brain Workers.—Thc man
who works with his brain is moro liable
to derangement of the digestive system
than the man who works with his
hands, because the one calls upon his
norvous energy while the other applies
only his muscular strength. Brain fag
begets irregularities of the stomach and
liver, and the best remedy that can be
used is Par melee's Veffotable pills.
They are specially compounded for such
cases and nil those who use them can
certify to their superior power.
five per cent goes to Great Britain,
which is the centre of distribution for
the States and Germany, the latter
country taking the next, largest quantity after the former.
Tbe mica raised in India is the
variety known as "mucovite," and is
found in large pegmatite veins traversing mica schists in various parts of the
peninsula, principally the east and
south. The two principal centres of
production ure the Nelloro district in
the Madras presidency and a tract of
land about twelve miles broad and sixty miles long which stretches across
the junction of the Gaya, Hazaribagh,
and Monghyr districts in Bengal. In the
latter of tho two areas mentioned tbe
mica industry is a very old-established
oue, and can be traced back for several centuries. In tho former, however,
the mining of the mineral was ouly
started very recently, consequent ou
tho discovery of rich deposits by pros-
lectors employed by European capital.
In this district the deposits occur In
pegmatite veins in granite, in micaceous gneiss, in hornblende, and mica
schists. Tho strata vary from a few
inches to several hundred feet in thickness. Theso pegmatite veins (or
"dikrs" as they are sometimes called)
consist of threo essential minerals—
quartz, felspar, and Mica—in varying
proportions. In appearance they bear
a resemblance to coarse granite, and
the best mica is usually found in those
veins in which the constituent minerals
have crystalizod in large masses. Where
felspar and quartz are present in small
masses, tho accompanying mica is us
ually of little value.
The mica found adjacent to tbe surface is almost always soft aud cracked,
quite useless for commercial purposes
other than manufacture into the Bub-
stance known ns "micanitte." Clearer and better colored mica is reached
lower down in tho solid ground; and
as the tunnel roaches greater depths,
where the rock formation is harder
and more uniform, the mineral extracted improves in quality. It is stated that in the United States no more
than five por cent of the total yield of
the mica mines is sheet mica. In India,
however, it is calculated tnat an average of ten per cent, ean be cut into
plates, the balance being either wast
ed or converted, in part, into micanitte.
General   experience   shows • that    the
GREAT TRIALS ON
TRANSCONTINENTAL
ALPHONSE JONXLLE TELLS TALE
FILLED WITH HUMAN INTEREST
Hardships Attending Work Brought on
Kidney Disease, which Threatened
His Life — Dodd's Kidney Pills
Cured Him
Chicoutimi Ville, Ohieoutimi Co.,
Que.—(Special)—Tho trials of those
men who puBh tho great railroads
through the obstacles Nature thrusts
in their way have been proclaimed in
many a page of fiction. But no
story over told is of more absorb
ing interest or teaches a greater
moral than tho actual experiences of
Alphonso Jonelle, foreman on the
Transcontinental, nnd well known here.
"I contracted Kidney Disease work
ing on the Transcontinental, where I
am a foreman," Mr. Jonelle states.
"My skin had a harsh, dry feeling,
and It itched nnd burned at night. 1
was always tired. Then came the pangs
of rheumatism, and I finally got so bad
I could not attend to my work. For
five years I Buffered, and in the end
Bright's Disease developed.
"Then I began to use Dodd's Kidney
Pills. Six boxes cured mo completely.
Dodd's Kidney Pills also cured my
wife, who wns suffering from Kidney
Disease.''
From nil parts of Canada, and every
day, reports come of Kidney Disease
cured by Dodd's Kidney Pills. There
is never a case reported* where Dodd 's
Kidney Pills have failed. They never
fail.
RHEUMATISM
13 MONTHS' SUFFERING CORES
Dear Sin
"I wish you to put my letter •■
record for the sake of suffering bean*
ity. I have Buffered 18 mouths wi*
Muscular Bheumatism in uty back. I
have speut at least $20.00 on pills ttrt
liniments during that time, but nottiif
would ease me of tbe pain,—in fact «
«-u« n chronic pain. For thoso loag IR
montliB it stayed right with me, wu-
timeB convulsive and cramp-like, cawing me to groan and cry aloud.   L
moment was torture.   I could not 	
in bed without yelling out. Now I
will always bless tho day whon I iot
started to rub in, and to take interuaV
'Norviline.' After using four betttaa,
my pains havo left mc. I shall alwaya
take off my hat to ' Nerviliue' aad ets
honestly say it's tho poor mon'a fceal
friend, because it will always driv»
away from you tho Demon—Pai».
"Vours truthfully,
"THOMAS (HMB.
'Paris, Ont."
Use only Nerviliue. Sold in 26c aad
.10c bottles tho world over.
mica mostly demanded from India %
America is of the green and rahf
colored varieties in sbeeto of tfcra*
Bquare inches and npward. India actually produces the mineral in graaa,
ruby, yellow, white, and amber esAtm.
Theso nro divided into clear and patted or stained varieties, the clear rahf
and clear green being the most wm
uable, fetching, as they do, at preeeat.
prices between $7,200 and $9,720 a taa.
Of the common varieties, all nasal
sheets are readily obtainable a-t prlaas
ranging from 18 cents a pound far I
by 3 inches to $1.71 and 12 (vests a
pound for the larger sheets. The arts
enee of any metallic insertions ia ihe
mineral renders it useless for insulathu
electrical purposes (for which the haa%
of it is required) generally. For these
specific purposes the sheets must be
flexible, froo from cracks, capable et
withstanding high pressure, nnd aaa
conducting. The Indian inineB praalae*
mica, conforming to this last speciios
tion, in large quantities.
The mica mines in Bengal aro stil
worked in a very primitive way, aa
fact, in exactly the same metaed a*
they wero worked centuries ago, whoa
the principal use tho mineral waa a*at
to was to fill thc apertures of windows
for which wo now uso glnBs. Tho ssies
which generally occurs at the oxpssed
outcrop, on tho hill fnce, of a pegaia
tito vein, is followed from "book" \o
"book" by underhand stopping, whkth
results iu the production of holes, asase
of which are now five hundred feet
deep. The resultant material excavat
ed, consisting of mica, earth, rock, etc..
is brought to the surface by a string tti
native coolies, being passed in case
baskets from one to another up rudely
constructed bamboo ladders. During the
rainy season work is completely stepped for tnree months, say Juno, Jtdf,
and August. At other times, whoa ran
has occurred during the night, tho start
of work iu the morning is delayed fer
an hour or moro while the resultant ac
cumulation of water is being baled eut
by hand. In Nellore and Mysore in
South India, mining operations are
enrried out in n much more up-to-date
manner, as a result of tbelr mors recent origin and the attention that Be
ropean   capitalists   are   directing   te
Tha Beauty of a Clear Skin.—The
condition of the liver regulates the
condition of the blood. A disordered
liver causes impurities in tbe blood aai
theso show themselves in blemishes aa
the skin. Parmelee's Vegetable Pilul its
acting upon the liver act upon the
blood and n cloar, hoalthy skin trltl
follow intelligent use of this standard
medicine. LadieB, who will fully appro
ciate this prime quality of these pMs,
can use them with the certainty that
tbo effect will be moat gratifying.
T-S^ffjiiif
lGOl(D]tONi
Ptfi'JH dr'
fOiEDEHORUt.
■foHAtmru
COUGH INSURANCE
Insure yourself against oolds and ooughs with
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MATHIEU'S SYRUP
of Tar and Cod Liver Oil
This famous preparation is not only a cure.
but a preventive of throat and lung troubles.
Take it in time.
It is the most successful Cough Remedy in
Canada.   Large bottle, 35 cents; all dealers.
J. L MATHIEO CO., Pmprietori SBERBROOKE, QUE.
Western Distributors
FOLEY BROS., LARSON t CO.
Winnipeg, Kdniouton, Vancouver and Saskatoon
CANAWELLA
EA
FOR THAT NEW HOUSE
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Manufactured only by
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Winnlpag, Man.
80 THE ISLANDER, CUMBERLAND, B.C.
|o|
What is Wrong with American
Newspapers
fee a erries of articles on "The Ameri-
■■a* Nenapaper," now running in Col-
laar'e Heekly, Mr. Will Irwin argues
that the autatandiug Eaot in the jour*
na.hre.na hiaU-nr of this <■ mintry during
tHM past hundred years has boon tho
-*birffciaj»; ml' tlm wont. of^ power from the
editorial pape to the news minimis. AL
take piA,'..»'iit timo ho notes thnt, while
neirepapar Writers aro tnoro competent
and high -winded thnn ovor boforo, thu
atfcieal tone of tho newspapers is con-
ifcotittj' goinp down.    Ho fays tho btatUQ
fm tt.ii. situation on newspaper owners,
F»ht wain currents, Mr. Irwin ob-
nwrtwa, rm through the history of
Ajurienii journalism; four elements
f-aeetl •• make our press what it, is. Tho
trs* surreal was shaped by A.nglo-
Ahmb tradition; each of tlio othera hail
fw a ttiiartA somo dominant personality
-» BeaiHt, a Dunn, or u Hearst.
fa the ttiriMitoont.il nml eighteenth
oem-aariea Knyii»h journal lam was baaed
m the idaa that, tlm odltorial direatod
toward *>xf riMwin-j; and forming public
•pi»k>n ih tho most Important fentaro
af a newspaper, Ampflean Journalism
■ skti iaJORtiou, was bused oti tho samo
MUa. TaU idea produced itH best typo
jwrt wImm il ceased to domluato, Horace
•reelo-j-, whowe career reach od its oil*
mui ia the period of our Civil Wur, wns
ttUo flower of tho old school, "Ho really
M," Mr. Irwia says; "und ho hid it
stably khr»ui;h tho power of his editor*
utU. By firtno of his houosty, his
■ental -rigor, ami his journalistic stylo,
ie really 'molded public opinion.' Coin-
awcisi neeeseHy forced upon him daily
eaaaatwieue tu newe for news' sake, lint
li* eni-ic-a! Unit necessity. Ho, liko sll
his kitiH, wain n publicist, uot a newspaper aiae.'
The atftn who Invented news as wo
kauw it wan .Tames Gordon Bennett. "I
renomiae all so-called principles," ho
said in his salutatory in The Herald, llo
set out to Snd nows and to print it.
"JBeuBiftt, ruthless, short in the con-
•ritat*, expressing in his own person
all tho atrocious bad tasto of his nge,"
■einarka Ur. Irwin, "was yot a genius
with th* genius power of creation. Ami
he, through two Btormy, dirty decades,
set an idea of news upon which we have
proceeded ar-sr since." Mr. Irwin con*
kinase:
"The Herald'• commercial success—
••♦kirn three years it luul taken tho
load from all tlm Now Vork newspapers
—tormi the others to follow him; news-
as par work became a struggle then for
aeaau and for sarliost publication. Whon
■eaa-ett begaa, two short railroads com*
(Hriatd ail the moans of rapid cominuni-
aatien ia tltn United States. Working
with the t-eols he had, Honnett porform-
ei prudrgiee. His marine couriers transmitted Haropoan nowa hours ahead of
Ua rivals; he kept in touch with our
herders hy prirate lines of pony nios-
aeavgers, Ia the Mexican War, his des*
aatehes aa far boat the Oovornmoiit nd-
f**»e aad tha United States mails that
ft became a aiattor for otlicial couipluint
al Washiagton. Boforo tho tolograph
Ma had experimented with schemes for
auisker tranuniueiou by semaphore,
aaaaeaaaia tabe and ovon balloon; tho
aeies am Ihe flrst telegraph lines wore
st-il araea sni Bennett bad made the
Bayea5aea a part of his own systoi
Oharlee A. tmna, with his Now Vork
9m, sonde the next groat step forward,
Ua ia-ea waa that nowspupor writing is
aa art. Under Bennett "s regime tho
sBtpbaatw had beeu all ou tho nows,
rather khaa ou journalistic workman*
ship. Anna aaw ao reason why .journal-
tent, the little sister of literature, should
art ha beautiful. Ho camo to boliove
lluit tho alevor, subtle and sound narration of mows was a task worthy of all
She feaste, the culture, and tho soul-forco
■hat thara is in any man. As ho work-
ad it out*, tke art of reporting is thc
act af the plain talo, decked mainly
with tho-mi details which the trained eye
mf the good reporter comes to percolvo.
*•*■> appeared tho Sun style—easy, often
witty, full of detail aud incident, but
always atear,
The fonrtfa current, that of yellow
atarualixaa, may bo said to havo originated ia fit. Louis ami San Francisco
dariag the eighties, aad reached full
aula iu New York during tho nineties;
Palit.r.er and Hearst wero its two main
ifeiisera. Te tho former Mr. Irwin
credits the diecorery that popular
eeui-.es ean he won by newspapers. Mr.
pHlitaer made tho Ht. Louis Post-Dis-
patrh aaoh a champion of popular rights
that be thia day tho humble citi*.on of
St. Irooia ken da to write to the "I'.-D.'
hefere he employs a lawyer. Hearst's
torle waa—and is^—his mastery of popular paychelegy, his intuition in oeti'
naaiug the snbtlo Tallies in public taste.
■ in flrat. two aides wero H. S. Chamber*
lain and Arthur McKwon. Hays Mr.
It-wia:
" ('ea»eieanly er uuconseiously, Hearst
sead (%amberlain wero working ou a
priseifde whoae formulation was as ori
final te ear Ocridontal journalism hs
Beauekt'a diaeorory of news. Ho who
Barren sho intellectual und artistic dtv
■aade erf tbe populace must give thom
as aoBM measure what they want. If bo
proceed fraai the very highost ethical
aad artiatie. ideals, ho* must niako eon
eeaaieaa, ar they will not listen. But
having eatablished a common ground
with ua pahlic. he may givo thom a
Utile hettw than they want, bo leading
■hern ap by the slow process of oduca-
tawa ta hia awn better ideals; or ho may
give than a great deal worse, Whon
Hearst began, the spirit of tho old-tig.'
editor still guided newapaper pubhea-
tdea; the great majority of editors, no
taattor hew strong thoir desire for cir-
ealntien ^till served news and oditorial
in faahion much more intellectual than
the pahhic wanted, still appealod to the
arind rather than the heart. Hearst's
tank was he cheapen tbe product until it
aaU at the coin of the gutter and tho
streets.
"8a he camo generally to reject all
aewa stories which did not contain that
thrill ol sensation loved by tho man
ea the street and the woman in the
kitchen; do paper evor published fowor
i to tho issue.   He trained hf
men to look for tho one sensational,
picturesque fact in every occurrence
which camo to the desk, ami to twist
that fact to the fore. 'What we're at'
tor.' saitl Arthur McKweii, Ms tho "gee-
whir," emotion.' Pressed for i'urilioi-
explanation, ho said: 'Wo run our paper
so that when the reader opens it he
says: ''tieowhir.!" An issue is a failure
Which doesn't make him say that.* "
The real power iu Hearst's yellow
journalism during vet'oiit years has
been, an everyone knows, Arthur Brisbane, In this connection Mr. Irwin
writes:
"Tho country hits forgotten, if it
evor knew, his influence in making sensational journalism yellow journalism.
Wo think of him as ihe wriler of those
' heart-to-heart' editorials which oven
the judicious sometimes admire. Willi
the hindsight so much bettor than foresight, the men who built with Hearst in
his building days at S'an Francisco see
what, a chance they missed whou thoy
walked on the edge of Brisbane's methods. For Hearst said again antl
again: ' I wish 1 could get the same
"snap" into my editorials that you fellows get into the news columns.' Arthur
McKwon tried tho hardest and came
nearest to grasping what Hearst, wanted. Tho truth is, McKwon had too much
of what tho prize-ring calls 'class.' His
talents ns jonrnalint and writer wore
basically too high and sound.
"Now arrived Brisbane; bo became
the genius of The livening Journal,
deepest yellow of all newspapers, llo
was a man after Hearst i's owu kidney.
Ho found how to get 'snap' into the
editorial page, how to talk politics and
philosophy in the language of truckmen nod lumbermen, Pny by duy for
ton years lie has shouted at the popu*
lace the moral philosophies of Kant
and Hegel, the social and scientific philosophies of Spencer and Huxley, iu
Inrid words of one syllable. On alternate days lie has shouted, just as powerfully, the inconsistencies which suited
Hearst'a convenience of the day, tho
fallacies which would boost circulation,
pull in advertising, kill rivals. . . .
As a writer, with those editorials, ns an
editor, with thorough grasp of what Ins
kind of reader wanted, ho came tti fcypt
fy yellow journalism in its last period
of real power. Tho profession of jour*
nallsm rightly calls him tho one widely
influential editorial writer In theso do-
dining days of tho daily editorial page.
Such Hearst newspapers as use Iuh
work publish a million and a half copies
for at least Ave million readers, ln tho
nature of Hearst circulation, he reaches
that class least infused with the modern1
intellectual spirit of inquiry, least apt
to study their facts before forming
their theories—the class most ready to
accept the powerfully expressed opinions of another nnd superior being. Wo
cannot view American civilisation
without reckoning in this young exponent of moans which justify ends, any
moro than we can view it without reckoning in his employer and discovoror
—nearst.''
So fur Mr. Irwin's record goes in
tho firBt three articles in Collier's on
which this summary is based. Tho moral
to he drawn from the facts will emerge
in later articles in the series. In tho
meanwhile Mr. Irwin communicates to
the publie in a recent lecture in New
York on "The Moral Responsibility of
the Press" his conviction that the chief
responsibility of present-day journalism
rosts on the news editor. "The aim of
the news editor," ho says, "should be
to publish only such things as would be
best for Iho democracy. When the
nows editors do this, tho millennium
will come."    lie ndds:
"I can best explain what is wrong
with newspapers nowadays by nn example. Suppose a clover, wealthy advertising man should come to the doctors of this city and say: 'Here, I am
going to organize you. and advert [so
what you can do. and you will make ten
times ns much money ns you aro making
now.' Suppose the doctors consented,
How tho moral tone nf the medical pro
feselon would fall.
"Well, that is just what is wrong
with tho newspaper profossion. The
ethics of tho journalists themselves—
tho newspaper writers—nre constantly
going up. But the ethical tone of the
newspapers is constantly going down.
The fault is with the man who gets hold
of tho paper. Ho is a business man. Uo
has to have considerable money, because
no paper iu this city is worth less than
two millions. And it has been my experience that men who have amassed a
million or two have lost their ideals. So
tho newspaper writers are bossed and
wronged by tho men who have bo sympathy with their morn I vlewa."
CVMBEZT TT.m*m23B
THE PLAGUE PANIC
Definite     announcement     that     tho
Idague had invaded Kngland was made
list month in tho Loudon Times. Tho
malady assorted itstdf among the rats
in East Anglia and for a time seemed
to be spreading itself rapidly over a
wide area. Thus a dead rat infected
with the baeillns of tho disease was
found a dozen miles from whero the-
outbreak first asserted itself. In In
ilia the particular kind of flea which
chiefly carries plague infection from
rut to rat is called by the scientific
name of pulix choopia. That species
seems to be infrequent in Kngland and
tbe United States, although specimens
have, we rend in the London Nature,
been found on ratB hero and in Great
Britain. For tbe time boing the atten
tion of experts is directed to ascertain
ing what other variety of rat parasite is
the principal host of tbe plague bacil
lus. The London Times prints a com
munlcation from ono authority to the
offoct that rabbits in all countries harbor a flea that convoys the bacillus of
plague, but this haa not been finally established. It is rather difficult to separate tho aubjects of plague snd rats in
the popular mind, observes Tbe British
Medical Journal. "The two have beon
rendered obscure by a kind of confusion
due to the rat panic interjeetod into
the plague panic." There is still aomo
doubt whether the rat and the plague
are invariably associated. Some doubt
exists as to whether the flea preying
upon the Mack rat convevs the baoillns
to man.    Bat first of nil we have to
find out what is meant  by the term
plague.
Plague is in reality an auute infective
disoaso, "an iufoetious fover," to quote
tho well known writer ou tho subject
Doctor B, '1*. Hewlett, whoso paper appears in London Nature. Tho symptoms
in man develop within a few days of
infection, according to this authority,
whose conclusions and impressions differ somewhat from thoso of others. Tho
signs of tho presence of the malady include fever,, headache, giddiness, weakness, with staggering gait, great prostration and delirium, in threo fourths
of tho cases, tho lymphatic glands in tho
groin, armpit and other regions aro in-
Hamad, in Ultra tod and much enlarged,
constituting tho "buboes." Hence the
name "bubonic" plague. In tho remaining cases tho lungs may bo primarily attacked—the "pneumatic" form
—or a severe blood infect ion may develop—tho "septicaomic" variety. In both
of theso buboes aro absent, or are a lato
derelopmeut if the patient lives. Occasionally nu eruption of posiules or carbuncles appears on the skin. Further:
"Tho bubonic form is hardly infectious or even contagious, but tho pneumonic variety is highly infectious, owing to the presence of largo numbers of
tho infective agent, Mm plague bacillus, iu the expectoration from which it
is readily disseminated in the air. In
some instances the patients do not appear particularly ill, and aro able to
go about, though such cases aro liuble
to sudden death from heart failure.
"The micro-organism of plague was
discovered independently by Kitasato
and by Ycrsiu in 1804. It is a stumpy,
rod-shaped organism or 'bacillus,' having rouudod ends, and measuring aa a
rulo about 1-8000 inch in length, und
1-10000 inch in breadth, but longer
forms occur, ln smears muds at an
early stage of the disease from the buboes, expectoration or blood respectively in the three varieties, tho bacillus is
present in enormous numbers, and if
iho films uro stained with an aniline
dye, such uu fuchsia, it tends to stain
deeply at the ends ('polar staining'),
the centre being hardly stained at all;
this is a very characteristic appearance.
Iu older lesions peculiar, large, rounded or ovoid 'involution' forms of tho
bacillus aro mot with. Tho organism
cau be readily cultivated in various media in the laboratory; it is non-motilo
nnd does uot spore, and is readily ties
troyod by heat. (Ill)* to 05? 0, for ten
to fifteen minutes), and by disinfoe
tants. Tho plague bacillus is patho
genie for a number of animals, in ad
d it ion to man—the rat, mouse, guinea
pig, rubbit, hare, ferret, cat, monkey,
etc. In the United States the ground
squirrels aro attacked,"
Tko agent by which the disease has
been so widly disominnated ii tho
rat, adds Doctor Hewlett. Infection
from man to man is almost negligible,
the rat fleas boing the intermediary between rat and man and mechanically
carryiug tho infection—tho pluguo bacillus—from rat to rat and from rat to
mnn. For combating tho spread of
plague tho extermination of rate is,
therefore, the first step to undertake.
How this is to bo dono in tho less
civilized portions of tho earth is a problem which that British student of the
subject, Sir Bay Lankoater, is tempted
to giro up in despair. He is of opinion
that tho so-called Cheops flea is the
regular aad established carrier of the
plague bacillus in Asia and the Mediterranean. He writes in the London Telegraph:
"Other fleas will sorre as the go-
between of tke rat (in which the di-
senso called plague is really native) and
man—should thoy bo (as, for instance,
nre a certain Australian flea and another North American flea) "wandering" fleas roady to Infest plague-strick*
en ruts and healthy human beings, and
to pass from one to tho othor. Happily,
our own littlo human flea (pulex irri-
tans) in more or less of a stay-at-home
(though he is fond of the badger), and
so is the big flea of North European
rats. Hugs and lice, as nlso large bloodsucking (lies, seem to carry in certain
cases merely tho microbe which they
happen to como across. But there aro
other moro remarkable and definite arrangements between somo of theso insects and certain vory deadly microbes,
by which it is provided that a definite
species of microbe is sucked up from a
diseased animal or man by a definite
species of insect, and in the digestive
tract of that species of insect only will
that microbe live, and not only thrive,
but undergo therein a most peculiar second phase of oxistonce, changing its
shape and appenranco and multiplying
itself. In this second phase the microbes may (but this has only been seen
in a very fow kinds) bocomo male and
female and fuBO with one another, just
as the egg-colls and sperm-cells of higher animals fuse with ono another. Then
tho fertilized female microbe breaks
up into thousands of minute young.
which effectually spread their kind
whon they puss out of tho insect into
the stab or pin-hole wound which it
makes in a new victim, a man or large
warm-blooded animal. Theso carriers
■nro distinguished from moro casual carriers as 'host carriers,' because they
serve not meroly as temporary trans!
porting agents, but as homes or second
host" In which the parasite nourishes
tself, grows, and multiplies."
Plague Is atill in somo respects the
most elusive and inexplicable of diseases, according to The British Medical Journal. "Why it ahould remain
comparatively dormant for centuries
nnd suddenly spread far and wide again,
no ono has attempted to explain. Tho
present "pandemic" may bo dated
from 1804, whon plague reached Canton and Hong Kong, Since then it hns
effected lodgments In fifty-one countries. It has devastated India and is
now taking its heaviest toll in Manchuria. Its failure to establish Itself
in many lands is reassnring, but should
not, our contemporary adds, convey a
false sense of security. Plague was
present in Manchuria ten years ago. It
has never "struck hard" until this
month. Possibly the reports within the
next fow weeks will indicate an amelioration—and perhaps not.
"Not only England, but the whole
world, gradually forgot about plague
during the nineteenth century. It dis
appeared from England and also from
the whole of Western Europe (with
the exception of one subsequent outbreak at Marseilles) between 1666 and
681. It lingered ln Russia and the
Balkan Peninsula for more than a century afterwards, but finally vanished
from Constantinople in 1M1.
"It never really vanished from Asia,
but    withdrew    into    rotuoto    regions,
where its existence in an ondomic form
was either unknown or disregarded. It
lurked in tho llimilaya, in tho mountains south of Mecca, in tho swamps of
Mesopotamia, in tho uplands of Vuuuan,
aud probably in parts of Turkestan aud
the Caucasus,"
THE GOOD PROBLEM OP WEEDS
A Littlo Philosophy Regarding the Invaders of tho Gordon ;uid tho
Grain-field
(By L. .11. Bailey)
Tho city man who contemplates farm
ing always dreads the woods, The now
farmer complains of thom, The poor
farmer is possessed by them. Tho homo
gardener pleads for relict' from thom.
Even the best of farmers find them
troublesome and sometimes almost un
Conquerable. The woods are a persistent population.
Of course, any good farmer ought to
know tho names of the prevailing
weeds, but this knowledge is only a
means tu un end, aud is easily acquired;
il. conies naturally with a genera] understanding of the subject.
I suppose that we may recognize a
philosophy of woods as of anything olio,
Some plants wo want aud some of thom
we ilo not want. Thoso that WO do not
want are woods j if thoy intrude tho
solves uu pleasantly, thoy aro bad
woods; aud there are tlegroos of noxiousness, depending ou the persistence
with which the plant forces itself into
tlm company of tlm plants that rocoivo
our  cure  and  protection.
Plants that am weeds iu ono place
may not be weeds iu another. Juno
grass is a weed in corn-fields, but it iB
not a wood in well-regulated lawns. In
fact, half the corn plants aro themselves weeds in a corn-field that contains twice too many stalks of corn.
Thero aro some plants, however, that
aro weeds by profossion—if tho psychologists'Will allow me the expression.
They aro adapted to growing with other plants, as cockle ami chess in wheat,
dandelions in lawns, daisies aud buttercups in meadows. Thoso plants havo n
lit'ecyclo similar to thut of the grain
or fhe grass, and their seeds aro often
so similar to the grain or the grass seed
that thoy aro not easily separated. Pigweeds aro well at home in rich gardens,
wldodenved plantains and knotweed
along hard yards, and docks in all
good neglected places. Thoso are all en-
totprising plants that know how to
find an opening and take advantage of
their opportunities. Of course they
crowd and overrun tho loss hardy, less
vigorous, or less exhausted plants that
we introduce from othor climates. They
are the vandals that como down from
tho wild and unnamed places, aud that
aro hardened and adapted by long conflict with all other plants and with num.
They aro nn admirable aud hearty lot.
All soils antl nil conditions aro con1
quoted by thoso hardy invaders. Pusloy
thrives on sand that burns tbe boy s
bare foot. Narrow-leaved plantain,delights in Boil so poor thut it will not
raise good grass. Chickweod makes a
carpet on cool rich lands in fall and
winter and spring, Bindweod climbs
up the stems of corn and of bushes. Burly old burdocks occupy all tho room
thoy can find. Mayweod and ragweed
appropriate whole roadsides. It makes
no difference what a mnn grows or
whore ho grows it—everywhere theso
silent tramps discover him and make
him prove himself or quit.
I have snid this much to show that
weeds nre a part of tho natural order of
things. Tbey arc some of tho greatly
sncoossful plants with which tho earth
in covered. Therefore, thoro is no remedy for weeds, nny moro thau thero is
a remedy for English sparrows or crows
or burnblo-beos. The man who grows
one kind of plant must expect to have
' is right contented by ns many other
kinds of plants ns chance to fiud him
out. If ho is really intent on growing
his plants, ho must accept tho con tost
and fight it out. Ho ought to feel humiliated if he is worsted.
LONG VOYAGES
Tho barque "Emma R. Smith"
claims the record for the longest pas-
sago between Mobile, Ala., and St.
John, N.B. Sho left tbe latter port on
December 13th lust, nnd the date must
have beon inauspicious, as the barque
seemed to pick up all tho stray misfortunes und bad weather floating around.
At tho ond of tho month she was forced
to put into Key Wost with half her
canvas and gear blown away. Aftor refitting she left for St. John, N.B., about
tho latter part of February, only to run
into a hurricane on March 7th and loso
her doekloud. After putting into Vineyard Haven to got squared up again,
tbe barque left for her destination and
arrived last week. As an instance of
long sailing ship pnssagos may be men
tionod that of the "Howard t>. Troop"
—a St. .lohn ship, which in tho seventies made a passage of 6 months and
10 days from 'Frisco to Falmouth, Othor slow passages were those of tho Por
tuguese barque "Albatross"—Lisbon
to St. Paul de Luanda, 22.1 days; British
ship " Denbigh Castle"—Cardiff to
Mollemlo—409 days; British barque
'' Buteshire' '—Panama for Columbia
River—put bock into Acapulco after
being 121 days out; American barquen-
tino "Good News"—Philadelphia for
Taeomn—201* daya; British ship "Abyssinia"—Punta Arenas to Falmouth—
216 daya.
SHOULD A YOUNG MAN CHANGE
HIS POSITION?
(Canadian Century
A queation often asked is, should a
young man change his position every
two or three years or should he remain
with one institution? This ia a query
which will never bo satisfactorily answered upon an individual basis. It all
depends upon tho institution ono is connected with, its management, future
prospects, treatment of employees that
havo been In tho servico for years and
the sealo of wages, I know a grocer
who worked for ono firm for ton years
Ie Bam Pain.—Ask any druggist or
dealer in medicines what is the moat
popular of the medicinal oils for pains
in tho joints, in the muscles or nerves,
or for neuralgia nnd rheumatism, and
ho will tell you that Dr. Thomas' Bo
lectrle Oil is In greater demand than
any other, Tbe reason for this is that
it posses greater healing qualities than
any ether oil
nnd in all that timo was nover givon an
advance in salary. Ouo day ho told the
proprietor that ho was leaving to go
into business for himself aud had rented a store across the street. The clerk
was offered nearly double the amount
he was then receiving if ho would givo
up the idea of being his own boss, but
bo went. Can you blame him? An
electrician remained with his employ
ers thirty years and, although lie had
beeu offered more money at least half
a dozen times to go with other concerns
ho refused, saying ho would stick by
lits present employer, who had largo
contracts In hand nud were declaring
big dividends, BusiuosB got. slack nud
the first, man to bo laid oil was ICmirer*
sou, who had never onco shirked ind
was readv to respond to a call uf. any
hour of the day or night, while others
who always claim eel overtime when doing emergency duty, were kept ou,
Why?   I cannol  tell.    H would havo
paid Kmmerson to havo accepted BOIUQ
of those other offers made by rival concerns, bad he only  known.
"One does not like to see a young
man change jobs as often ns thi sea
sins como around," remarked a piuno
manufacturer recently. "It is a mistake, and in live years if ho d00H net
exercise caution and good judgment B
rover will wind up in a toss rcmiincrn
tive situation than where ho started.
Tho best advico that I can give on the
point, after a mau has served a certain
experience, can learn nothing more or J
sees no chance to step higher, is for
him to go to a larger field aud a bigger
establishment, If a man is competent
and industrious, occupies a post of
dopttty foreman, aud the head of that
department leaves antl he is not promoted, Itlo not think thore is much future for him, and he would be wise in
looking for some other opening. I nm
a firm believer in tho system of advancement if ono wishes to retain employees. If a corporation does not practice this there is not much inducement1
for the ordinary worker to remain, and
small wonder if changes aro frequent.
That is the reason why so many factories and business houses cannot induce men to remain with them. They
have too much faith In outsiders and
strangers aud overlook tho often more
thoroughly equipped clomout that is
right at hand."
A hook binding enterprise wanted a
head for ils blank book department and
ndvertlsod several times to secure a
man. The manager told mo that his
experience was a curious one. He had
many replies to his advertisement but
when no engaged a binder to como on in
nearly every instance ho would get an
answer: "I regret thnt I cannot accept
your offer, as I havo boon given an
increase by tlm firm that I am with, and
do not care to remove-—just at present." Thero aro scores of applicants
for jobs overy day that do not intend
to ncoopt thom. Thoy apply simply to
havo thoir qualifications considered and
then go to tho house with which they
aro connected and bold them up for a
raiBe in pay, and the lover iB often
heavy enough to pry up a few extra
dollars por week. Thus there are faults
on both sides, of servant and master.
the latter not paying what he should
and the former seeking, often by doubtful means, to make him pay moro.
Within a certain limitation it is not
what an omployeo gets. It is what he
saves. "When I was receiving only
fifteen dollnrs a week I seemed to have
moro spending money, dressed better
and wont moro than I d,o now on mnny
times that amount," said a superintendent in a boot and shoe factory. "I J
tell you that as soon ns tho averago
man make* more he immediately finds
bis wantB increasing. Ho launches out
accommodates himself to a new scale of
living antl thinks he must put ou moro
sail. On fifteen dollnrs I. saved four
ovory wook, and, on my present income,
1 have never laid up moro than a hundred dollars a yoar, and find it. a bitter struggle even to put aside that
amount. Of courso it is n duty that
a man owes himself and to his family to
earn as much as he can, but the older I
grow the loss I appear to caro for
money, so long as I have enough to live
comfortably aud dress respectably,"
This is one view.
The manager of a telephone exchange
in a largo city, who hnd begun as a
lineman, said that when ho was first
married, ho knew a neighbor who wan
in receipt of an annual salary of two
thousand five hundrod; and he and his
wifo often remarked: "I wonder how
ho spends it all. Wo could," he added, "not think of enough outlets to got
rid of tnat amount in a year. Today I
am paid considerably over that sum
and my wife ami I find not tho slight
est difficulty scattering the cash. Why?
We look at things from a diametrically
opposite view point, and are wondering
how we got along at all and keep the
wolf from the door. We seem to bo
economizing and curtailing expenditure
in a way wo never did when I was a
lineman at two dollnrs and a half a
day.''
And so runs tho course of human
natnre and achievement. The workman
making one thousand is at a loss to
understand how the man earning only
seven hundred lives so well, and the flvo
thousand dollar official cannot, boo how
he could exist on a penny loss. It is a
purely personal problem, ami 00 socio
logical panacea will solve It. Only nidi
vidua) habit, self-control ami conception! of ono's needs and requirements
will meet each case.
they are killed in a few seconds. What,
then, would be tbo effect on micraesape
germ life if exposed to the ultra-violet
rays emitted by the stars? This was
tho question which had to be a ■•wared
one way or the other boforo a theery
of the origin of life on this planet, fan-
tlamental in al) discussion about isimsc
today, could be disposed of.    The hril
Hunt Booquerel undertook tho iivwti
gat ion, first selecting spores arid hae
toria which tests bas established ta tke
most difficult to kill.
To reproduce tho conditions at far
as possible, thoy were sealed in raiuuta
tubes and plunged In liquid air. The
lirsf Berles Of tests proved fatal to most
of tho spores. The survivors were theu
exposod to Ihe ultra-violet ray for n
pmiod of six hours, To this experience
they one and all succumbed. It waa
known that the conditions of dryness
and extreme cold were favorable !■» the
llfo of tlio spores. But their Wttk
point has now beeu discovered, nnd M.
Bocquerol concludes that the destroying
action of the rays must be taken ., smi
vorsal. Interplanetary spare being rick
In tho ultra violet rays, it will be soon,
observes our sclentilic contemporary,
that- Lord Kelvin's famous hypothesis
seems to have received a shock from
which il is possible it may not rocavar.
GROWTH OF PRINCE RUPERT
During the season of 1R10 over three
hundred ocean vessels, aggregating
about 325,000 tons, and with crows
numbering upwards of 21,(100 tana,
docked ot Prince Itupert—the Pacific
coast terminal of the Grand Trunk Pacific, in addition to this, 1,800 caaat,
ing vessels, with a tonnage amounting
to '1.10,000 tons and crows of 2«.M0
men, entered tho new port.
A Boon For Tho Bilious.*—Tlie Htm
iB n very sensitive organ and easily
deranged. Whon Hus occurs thera is
undue secretion of bile and the aorid
liquid flows into the stomach and sours
it. II is n nmst distressing ailment,
and many are prone to it. In this condition a man finds tho best remedy iu
Parmoloo's Vegetable Pills, which are
warranted to speedily correct ths disorder. There is no better medisiaa
in tho entire list of pill remedies.
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Prompt R*Iief--Penuent Cm
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MY VARICOSE VEINS
WKAE CURED —mplaialy mf
IMPOSSIBILITY    OF TUB    TRANSMISSION OF LIFE FROM WORLD
TO WORLD
By providing that the ultra violet ray
destroys the spores of organic life, the
eminent French physicist Beequerel—
son of a famed physicst and grandson
of yet another great scientist.—hns just
exploded, "for all time," as tho Paris
Cosmos puts it, the theory that life wns
brought to this planet of ours from ono
of tho other planets. It wns as far
back as 1871, to quote tbo words of our
Paris contemporary, that Hir William
Thompson advanced his celebrated hypothesis that life may in the first instance have reached tho globe from
meteoric sources.
The argument is perfectly simple and
susceptible of the briefest statement.
Prom the atmosphere of planets the
pressnre of light wonld carry off microscopic germs into interstellar space.
Thore tbey wander until some of them
may meet with other worlds, which in
this way would receive tho germs of
life. Now it Is known that If bacteria
end humid spores are placed an inch
or two from the quartz mercury lamp
Ate .wnn.i hf a*a*n"aoLf a »i»iiW w^N-ai
$3.50 Recipe Cures
Weak Kidneys, Free
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Stops Pain lu the Bladder, Kidneys aad
Back
Wouldn't It tn1 ni.'.' within » wi-k or t\a to
..»■(:■■■ tn nny ^-..-ult-ye forever ht thu Kdililiiif,
(Iriiililinir. Ktrnininr*, or too frr-quiTM pASHaae
nf uritu*; th<* fon>hcnil nml the t'.u-k-.'f-thi*
hi'i.-l nchfH; thc RtitrhcK uud ptiinit in tha
Imi'k:   tlif   growing   uiiotrlit   wrnkru-s**-   upots
before the eyoaj Ttllow akin; HliicRiHli bow-
nln;   swollen   cj-plidn  or  Hiiklrn;   leg  rmmpa;
nmmturnl ■Omri  breath;  cli'f)-ii'hiiif»*« und Wi*
desjHiln.i'i'O' 1
I hfivt> ,, recipe for lh.cn.*> tronhltMi that
yon run di*n<>i,d on, and if ynu wont to make
a quick recovery, you nuftht to write and fet
» ropy of ft. Muny a dn-otor would rhara*
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but I hiivn It and will bn ftlnd In xt-nd It to
yim entirely free. .Innt drnp nn> a Hoc Ilk*
thin: Dr. A. B Kobinann, K20fifi l.tiek Itnlld
iiifr, I Mr-oil, Mich., and I will Hfnd tt by return malt tn a plain pnrclovxt, Aa yoa will
dm whim you get it, thin receipe contain*
only puri-, hartnlMa rvmedlea, not It haa
iTdat healing and pain coiiqnering power.
It will quickly show Its power once yon
tim- It, ao 1 think yoa had better ee-» what It
tn without delay. I will aend yon a aopy
fret.--roa can nan tt and ran- yourself at
bona.
M SJM,
THE rSLAKDER, (.TMPKI.I.ANH, B.C
THE     ISLftNOER
Published   every   Saturday   at  Cumberland,  B.C.,
Islander Printing & Publishing Company
W. R. Dunn & Company, Proprietors.
W. R. Dunn, Manager.
SATURDAY, JULY 6, 1912.
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
SIR EDMUND WALKER. C.V.O.. LL.D., D.C.I.., President
ALEXANDER LAIRD JOHN AIRD
General Manager Assistant General Mutineer
CAPITAL, $15,000,000 REST, $12,500,000
Advertising rates pulili-hwl elsewhere in the pu|*cr,
Subscription price (1.60 per year, pnynble in advance
The editor does  not hold   himself responsible (or  views expressed by
correspondents.
What the Editor has to say.
A Carnegie hero in Chicago has been served with an in-
jumction to restrain him from ejecting his aged mother from
her home. There is heroism and heroism, and much of the
heroism that the world is so fond of applauding is but emotional
impulse. The notion that a man who figures prominently in a
heroic exploit must necessarily possess all the qualities of moral
greatness stands in need of revision.—Woodstock Sentinel-
Review.
The foregoing outlines a truth which the Journal tried to
emphasize at the time of the Titanic disaster, that the highest
type of human nobility is not courageous or generous aclioti in
emergencies, but a courageous and generous life in the ordinary
hum-drum of human affairs. That a man who lives unselfishly
and kindly day by day among those near him is a much bigger
man than one who does not do that but dies heroically in battle
with his flag wrapped around him. That a man who is good
as a rule to those weaker than himself, or who are more or less
dependent upon him or at his mercy, is a far finer type than a
man who is lacking in these respects though he have the courage of a lion against anybody. That a man who deals with
other people as he would like to be dealt with himself, and
keeps it up no matter whether others respond or no, is far mote
splendid stuff than the man who plays a hard aggressive game
in life, no matter what qualities of nerve and readiness contribute to his success. The really tough job in this world is to be
decent and fair every day in the week. And, thanks be, there
are lots of fine fellows who manage it. Any man who does
that would do his duty and more in a crisis too.—Ottawa
Journal.
BANKING BY MAIL
Accounts may be opened at every branch of The Canadian
Bank of Commerce to be operated by mail, and will receive the
same careful attention as is given to all other departments of the
Bank's business. Money may be deposited or withdrawn in this
way as satisfactorily as by a personal visit to the Bank.        S4
COMBi'lHLAND BKANGH.      W. T. WHITE, Minagar.
BUY A 'SINGER/
The Latest and most Up-to-date Sewing
Machine on the market to-day, Sold on
Easy Terms which places it within the
reach of all,
JepSOn  BrOS.,  District, Agents
Nanaimo, B. C.
W. Jl. JJunn, Local Jiepresentatioe
*»»»-»♦*»»■*,■>•*>»<>♦«'•>»*«•><*.«)»
The state of affairs at the Cumberland Public School, according to a statement made by Thomas H. Carey, secretary
of the board of school trustees, at the Council Chambers last
Tuesday night before the mayor and council should be given
immediate attention by those having authority to act. Mr.
Carey stated that he knew nothing of the new public school
promised by the government some months ago which was to he
completed by the end of the summer vacation. He then informed the council that they must have more room, and made
a verbal application for the use of the Council Chambers for
school purposes, stating that there were from 70 to 90 pupils
in one room and under one teacher, and tlutt nc one teacher
was able to take care of that number of pupils and do them
justice. The Council should interview our representative, Mr.
M. Manson, M.P.P., at once, and no doubt he will be able to
arrange matters with the government at Victoria.
The present mayor and council have lived out the first
half of their term, and, sorry to say, have accomplished little
or nothing. Of course, thev have had trouble on all sides,
members who were elected tailing to attend, and others having
moved out of the city, which left them very often without a
quorum.. But now, the seats having been declined vacant and
Thos. E. Banks and W. Willard elected to fill their planes,
they should at all meetings have a sufficient number present to
carry on the business of the city. We are expecting results
from the full board of aldermen.
BUY R L©T IN
Terminal
Subdivision
The Island Realty Co.
I Fire, Life, Live Stock
Accident. .
 Prices: $200
and up.
P. L. ANDERTON.
Phone 22.     Courtenay, B. C.
Display Advertisements
7"i cent? per column inch per in. nth.
Special rate (or half page or more.
Condensed Advertisements
1 cent 1 word, 1 issue ; minimum oharge '20 cents.
No accounts run for 'hi  claMH of adyer'lixing
The'STAR'6afe
*
RieHHRDS & jaeK. Proprietors.
MEALS SERVED AT
ALL  HOURS
When you want a good choice meal cooked to
the King's taste give us a call     ....
DUNSMUIR AVE.,
CUMBERLAND
PEOPLE YOU KNOW WHO USE
AND RECOMMEND
DE LAVAL
CREAM SEPARATORS
The DE LAVAL is the nne cream separator which ,
is used nnd recommended by well-kuowu dairy authorities and oreamerymen all over the world.
Bight here at home, too, the  DE   LAVAL Ims many
enthusiastic   users,   nnv   one of whom will be onlv t(»>
glad to speak n g I word I'm' the DE LAV.-/L.     Here
are u few of their names, .Isk them what kind nf service
their DE LAY Alt separator has given them.
Edmund Davies
George Jeffries
William Duncan
John Grieve
Thomas Wood
Frank Childs
Hugh Clark
Markham Ball
Smith Bros.
D. R. MacDonald
Mrs. C. Parkin
George Robinson
Vass Bros.
Mrs. H. McQuillan
Lucius Clitl'e
John Knight
E. Bourne
H. Helm
Harold Game
R. N. Hurford
John Marsden
John Williamson
We are always glad to set up a machine and let you
try it for yourself If desired, we will accept d small
cash payment and let you pay the balance on liberal terms
That heats buying a cheap "mail order" separao rail o
pieces. You can buy the DE LA V.( L on terms, so that
the machine will pay tin-itself out of its own savings.
Come in and talk it over, or phone its and we wil call a-nd
see you.
u
SELLING AGENT,
.        Dealer in Flour and Feed,
COURTENAY, B.C.
Ice!   Ice!   lee!
The Pilsenep Brewing Co. are prepared
to supply the Public with ICE.
Orders to be delivered the same day
must be in NOT LATER THAN 10 A.M.
Pilsenep Brewing Co..    Cumberland. B.C.
NEW GOODS
I Colors
Sea Grass Chairs ,nBrown'GrcenN;;l
r./x Cawic In a Lare R.nge of Designs
UUaWrli |>riC(s From $6.00 to $18.00
A full line of Furniture, Beds a,nd House-
furnishings, always on hand.    Linoleums,
and Wa lpapers.
"The Furniture Store"
McPhee Block
A.   McKINNON       Cumberland, B.C
Real Estate Agents
Offices: Comox & Courtenay.
IFOIR, S.ALIE
CLEARED FARMS, BUSH LAND
AND LOTS
Agents for E. & N. Lands,
Comox District.
H. H. M. Beadnell
IMPORTANT!
Investigate Before Purchasing.
i    —We have just received a car-load of—
Rubber-tire Buggies,
Two-seated Carriages,
Delivery Wagons, and
DeinOCratS, (\yjth. two and three seats)
DIRECT from  the  FACTORY
LEIGHT0N & M>BY,
General Blacksmiths,   COURTENAY
..W. CoMtts.
"Leading Tobacco King."
Better known as
"LONG WILLIE"
Dealer in l-'rults, Canity, Cittern
and Tobacco.
5"_^ Billiard 11 i in connection
Dealers in all kinds of Good
Wot Goods
Best Bread and Beer in Town
Agonts for Pilsener Beer
J. BAfcRIE,
Successor to A. McKinnell.
Confectionery,
Ice Cream,
Fruits,
Cigars and
Tobaccos
McKinneli's Old Stand,
Dunsmuir Ave, CUMBERLAND
2 o ooo oooooo oooooooot/000009
P. PHILLIPS HARRISON
Barrister,   Solicitor   aud I
Notary Public.
v
'MWOM*WO(HMV*OW>00*>0,^J5
Lunches Served
at All Hours. : :
UNION BAY. l*»
THK ISLANDER CUMBERLAND, fi.O.
Port Mann
Port Mann, mainland terminus of
the Canadian Northern Railway, is regarded by those who know, as the
greatest city of opportunity in North
America today. It cannot help becoming one of the very biggest cities in the
West,—property values cannot help
going away up.
Buy lots there now and you are iu on tlie ground floor.
Every lot will make you a small fortune.
Until prices are raised we can offer you close in lots, 33x
122 feet, (guaranteed high, dry and level, or you money back)
for #250, Terms; $15 down, ijjsio a month, no interest, and no
taxes until 11114.
Other guaranteed lots for $120—$5 a month1. Booklet
and full particulars at this ollice, from Mr. CHARLES
HERAPER, General Agent, or from
Colonial Investment Coy,
"The Port Mann People,"
837 Hastings St., W VANCOUVER, B.C.
Ice Cream Sodas
MilkShakes
Sundaes
Candies of all descriptions—The
Very BEST.
FRUITS of all kinds-Best quality
grown.
Tobaccos of all strengths.
Cigars—The best variety of the
choicest flavors.
N. HIRANO
Fashionable Tailor
K
Ladies'and Gents' Tailor-
made Suits. Cleaning
ond Pressing Done at
Reasonable Rates.
Phone 52
CUMBEBLAND
t
ASTON
f
SILVER NOPELTIES\
At Bert Aston s
The "JEWEL BOX."
1
JL
am
. . NEXT TO TARBELL'S, . .
Dunsmuir Ave   : ::   Cumberland
EJ.
Practical
ainter
Decorator, Paperhanger
and
Kalsomining.
All Work Promptly
...Attended to...
Residence,, Penrith Avenue
Cumberland,
Palace
Livery
THE BEST of
HORSES and
FIRST-CLASS
BUGGIES
FOR HIRE.
JAS. CAIRNS & SON, Props.
COURTENAY, B.C.
,i"   18
s
The
Star       	
Third St & Penrith Avenue
A. MAXWELL
Proprietor
All kinds of hauling done
First-class Rigs for Hire
Civery and team work'promptly
attended to
Subscribe
For The
Islander
LAWRENCE & WRIGHT
Cement Blocks, Concrete
Chimney Blocks a Specialty. Samples can been
at McKean & Biscoe store,
Courtenay.
For Estimates  and  particulars
write
J. Lawrence,
COMOX, B.C.
A. R. KIERSTEAD
(Late Mennie &JPotter)
-*»>
Ti NEW MM 1TEL
JOSEPH WALKER,
PROPRIETOR
THE BEST OF WINES, LIQUOR & CIGARS j
ALWAYS IN STOCK.
DUNSMUIR AVENUE : : : CUMBERLAND, B. t.
Have Your
Cleaning Pressing and re
pairing done at
NICK'S PLACE
Plain Sewinjr.
Fancy Dressmaking:
^FIRBII FIRE!!
'-*■■■» For absolute protocol tion write a Policy in
W the LONDON AND
{*  LANCASHIRE FIRE
INSURANCE    COMPANY   of
Liverpool, England.
TOTAL ASSETS, 126.788.93
WESLEY WILLARD,
Local Agent
Horse-Shoeing and
General Blacksmith
Wheel-wright, Repair Shop and
Rubber Tire Setting.
THIRD ST.   Cumberland
Change advertisements for
Saturday mornings issue must
be in this office not later than
10 a. m. on Thursday.
Mn. Sinims will give lesaona nn thu
piano at Imr 1,. uie in Jerusalem, formerly
owned by Mr. James Stewart, at any
time by appointment, exoept  Tueadaya,
B.C. Garaee
For Auto and
Gas Engine Supplies
Dietrlot Agent for the
Rusnel, E M.F. 80        Flanders 20
and McLauffhlin-Buick automobiles
Fairbanks-Morse  Stationary  and  Marine    Engines.
Oliver Typewriters, Mom-e's Lights, and Cleveland,
Brantford, Massey-Harris and Perfect bicycles
CARS FOR HIRE
NIGHT AND DAY
Phene18
EMDE & DENTON
CUMBERLAND, B.C.
WAVERLV HOTEL
FEANK DALLOS, Prop.
Good Meals Comfortable Rooms
Fragrant Cigars    Choice Liquors
Courteous Treatment.
Dunsmuir Ave.
Cumberland
BAVWAKl) UNI) WsTltllT
Dlaulctnl Sayward
Take notioe tlmt William II II il', nf
Ouurtenay, 11 0., occupatinn hank lusl '*lf-
er, Intends to apply for p. rn.ii-a n
tu purchase iho following described land"
Cuninieticing at a p.a' planted at tlio
mnat amitoily end of Duck Lako, thenoe
wo-*' 60 chain., thenoe Buuth HO clu.iii*,
tin-lire ,'Ms 60 ohains, thenoe nottb su
chain! to point nf c..nuni'uc.-oient, anil
ooutaining 480 acres more or less.
William II. Hon--,
Beglna'd O'.rwitben, Agent
bated May 80th, 1012.
SAYWAlU) LAND DISTRICT
District of .->.iy aunt
Take nm ice that William G.' McKean,
».f 0 unmsy, B 0., occupation uieroh.n1
inteiidatn apply fuiptriiiiaaioi to purchase
haae the following desoribed lands: Com*
mencitig at a post planted at. ihe in at
liuitherly end of Duck Like, mid ..n the
ureek flowing < u nf Bald Duck L.kt,
henoe nuJtb 80 chaina. thenoe ettsi 4<<
chains, Ihenci. anuili 40 chains, thenoe
eaat. 40 chains, thenoe smith 40 chains,
west 80 chain.*, tn p..int nf commence-
ment, and containing 480 acres mnre or
leas.        Wiu.IA.M 0  MiKkan,
Reginald Carwillion, agent
Dated May 30th, 1912.
LAND  ACT.
Sayward Land Diatrict
Diatrict of S'vward
Take   notioe   that Ethel   Hardy,   nf
Marohiugt n, Kngland, occupation aingle
woman, iu enda to apply f..r perniisaion
..purchase ih. follnwiugdescrihed laiidi:
Co'iiniencingai a poat planted at the N.
E.   enrner Timber Limit 38102. thence
smith 40 chains; thence eaat 80 chaina.
thence north 20 chains; thence in an irregular line n.rth and  weat along   the
he.ich 80 chaina to point  of  commencement   containing 300 acres mure or leu.
Ethel Hardy, a plicant.
Kettinald Carwithen, agent.
Dated May 28tb, 1912.
Sayward Land Diatrict.
District of Sayward
Take notice that Annie Hardy, of
M nchiniiton, England, simile woman,
intends to apply for permisssion to
imrchase the following described lauds:—
C mo in cine at a pnst planted on the
.eh almiit 40 chain* iu a iinrlhwes'eil.v
dr. ion fr.-in the northwest ornar
i>i>   of  Timber   Limit  38102;   thence
a-est   40 olains; ihenc rth 40chains;
henoe iu an incgnlar line along the
li act) s It'll ami eas 00 chains tn pni.itnf
cnniuieuoenient, and cunt-tin** 100 acrea
more ur less Axxie Harhv,
Reginald C.rwithen, agent.
Da id May 28 ii. 1912
BAYWARD 1.AXH DlsTIUCT.
Dis ric of BayWard.
lake notice that F It Kiaser Rtacne,
nfO uneuay, 11. (!., occupation real ea-
aio agent, niiuiela to spply for per-
iilinaloii to piirch-st. the following de
sarin, d lands!- C inmeiiclng at a pos
planted near ihe bank and ahoui 40chains
h. >u hfr.ni tint most northerly end of Duck
bike, thepoe west 80c wi a, the.ee imrth
80 chaina. thence e.i 40 obains, tin noe
a uth 40 chains! thence east. 40 chains,
thence s> nth 40 olntiiia t" point of com-
uenoeinent, c.ntaiuiiir 480 acres mine
ur less.  FHA*Cla RaXXKY r KA»KR HlBI OB
Heginalu Caraitheii, Agent.
Dated M»y 90th, 1912.
Hatwird L nil District
District if *«jward
Tke tiniii"   that Thomaa   Holmes, of
In I'liiy,  Eng.    occupation  gentleman,
intends to apply for permission to pur*
.■base the fill-wi. k  deso ibed   lands:—
C'.lllllli   Cllgal » p. at p'a. 'tell at the 1110.t
a n lii-i * mil "' D"ck L V- •heiicoauuth
80vli"i<-  Ih'nee ill   ii irregulai easterly
Irei i 80 siIimIim tin uce at right angles
HO'ih 80chains, iIn nee at tight angles
..i-i 80 chains, io point uf commencement  and  cnntainltiu 500 teres mure ur
eat Ti OMA8 Holmes,
Uu i a il Oal 'ithon, agent.
Dated May SOtll, 1912.
Sayward Land Diatrict.
Diatrict of Sayward.
Take notice that Bertha Holmes, of
Tutbury,     England,    married   women,
intends to apply  fur permission to purchase the fulliiwiiiii   described   lands:—
Commencing at a post planted one mile
wet and 20 chains north from the south
west corner p> at of T L. 3.9750, thence
east 80 obains, thenoe suuth  80  chains,
thence west 80 chains, thence north 80
chains to point uf commencement, end
containing 640 acres more or less.
Bkrtiia Holmes,
Reginald Cakwitiiex, lgcnt.
Dated M»y 30th. 1912
SAYWARD LAND DISTRICT
District of Sayward
Take notice tbat Edward  Watson, of
Newoastle-on-Tyne, England, occupation
land surveyor,  intends to apply for permission to  purchase the following described  lands:—Commencing  at a  post
planted 5 chains frnm the northwest corner   uf   T. L.  39752, thence  mirth 20
chains, thence east 80 chains, thenceanoth
20 chains, thence west 80 chains ts -stint
uf c iiiiiieuct'iiieiit,  and  cuiitainiint 160
.crea mure ur less.       Edward Watson,
Reginald   Carwithen, Ageut.
I).led May 31,t, 1912.
SAYWARD UND D18TBI0T
District ef Hayward
Take notice that Katie Watsen, of
Newcastle un Tyne, Eng., uccttpatiun
married woman, intends to apply fur por*
niissinii to purchase the fnlluwiog describ
ed lands, —Commencing at a poat planted
20c' ains suuth frum the southwest corner
i at of T L. 39750, thence east HO chains
i hence north 20 chains, thence west 80
chaina, thence aouth 20 chains to point of
ti nitiienceiiienl, anil ciitainhiK -•*• acres
mure ur less. Katie VVathiin.
Begins d Carwithen, Aj,ent.
D ted May 31st, 1912.
SAYWARD LAND DISTRICT
District of Saywanl.
Take notice that J. R. Jolrann, nf
Coorteiiay, B C , occupation hotelkeeper,
intends to apply for permission to
purchase the following described lands —
Commencing at a poat planted on tho
easterly bank nr side of Duck Like and
. limit 80 chains north from the moat south
erly end of said Duck Lake, thence east
80 chains, th nee suuth 80 chains, thence
west 80 chains tu the said southerly end
. f Duck Lake, thence in an irregular line
north 80 chains to point of commencement
and containing 600 teres mnre or leas.
■!. R. .lollNaON,
Reginald Catwithen, agent,
Dated May UO.h, lgl2. THE ISLANDER, CUMBERLAND, B.C.
Mole Warfare—A Tale of the
Manchurian War
jHHt
A. rtdnate of Bbort storfel In*.
Wtwii pabllflhod with the strange in
evident? a pseudonym—<if Ole Luke*
Oie on the title page aB author, The
vaiume in entitled "Tho Green Curve
and Other Stories." Tho talos, eleven
iu ■umber, wore written originally for
th*t antertainment of soldiors, aud most
of thum hare appeared from tinfe to
tvitno in Blackwoode, The ono that follow* has beon slightly abridggod by us,
Ai )«t, after daya of work, the ox
Uawatiun has boeu douo, Tho actual
hn.nl tho mine-gallery—in 1ml n rc-
plitat life ri/.e, of tho uilao-ehart kept
wuh audi prooaulioiiB and jealous care
by th« Ueutonant-Colonel of Engineers,
in li.-i littlo straw Bhanty down in tlio
ledge-meat vrbenoo the gallery Btortod,
Tail chart iw plotted out on a largo
H-mlu parehmonl map of tho fort In
frani. dog's-eared and dirty bocauBo it
wm KtAdo by n Japanese engineer ofli-
onr whon working, boforo tho war, as a
««*jlifi yn this vory defence work.
I>egree for degree, foot for foot, with
aha help of theodolite, level and plumb
tab, ■.'.-- tho gallery followed Its miuu
tmr« prototype on tin- groasy parchmont.
1/ plan t. 'mil and measuro, level and
(theodolite, ham not Jlod, the doatred
[>»tr; underneath the main parapet of
F*»rt — --shan has now boon reached.
Tho chambers excavated at right an-
pim#, to sontain tho explosive, wero out
mu isoon an tho main gallery was oati-
mated to havo crossed below tlio deep
•jitih and to bo well beneath the great
parapet of tlio fort, the object to  be
blown   BPi
Into thorn chambers tons and tons of
dynamite have been carefully enrried
ami clnaoly packed. The, men who
■Bond for hours along the gallery passing the cases from one to the otlier like
water-buckets at a fire have now trooped oat. The means of firing the charge
have been put into position and connected. The charge is sealed up by tho
nan of frock, Bhalo ami earth which
has been placed for Home fifty yards
haek in tlie gallery as "tamping." The
aeasek-BB scurry to nud fro of tlie mining tracka—those little trucks which
hnve run forwarda empty ami back
again full, tlieir badly greased wheels
Wu* shrieking a horror-struck protest
at their tusk—has ended aud the mole-
Liko minora have come up from underground,
Aa aflual, no chances have been taken.
As far as possible, the means of firing
tfc« charge have in every case been duplicated. First, there is electricity.
For this thore- are twu entirely separate
•waaits, each connected to its own Hot
mi detonators in tho charge and, to pro-
veit possible damage from clumsy foot
tr falling stone, the wires have boon
serried in split bamboos along tho gallery. Tho circuits have beon tested
several times and each timo tbo little
kick of tho galvanometer noodle has
shown thut there wan no breuk in tho
Maw. Besides tho electricity thero is
the •rdimiry fuso, also in duplicate.
R»*h is made up of threo different links
m tk« chain of ignition; tho detonators
ill the charge, the length of instantan
eaas-foso from them to a point some
yards outside the tamping, and, lastly,
Nm short pieeo of slow-burning safety-
fuss, joined on in order to allow time
for etC-SpO to the person igniting the
Charge.
Far away, at varying distances, are
tho guns, every one already laid ou the
deemed fort. Some . will fire direct,
ethers from behind hills, whence the
target cannot be Heen; but as soon as
the smoke of the explosion shoots up
and spreads mush room dike into the sky.
all will concentrate their tire on thin
work. Under cover of this squall of
bursting steel and shrapnel bullets will
tho assualting columns storm the breach.
■The etormera are now crouching under
•over in the lodgements and parallels
•Jattriit   to  the   work.
All ia ready, bnt not a moment too
soon, for hare not the listeners, lying
prom, ia their branch listening galleries,
beard coming from somewhere in the
wotah of Mother Earth tho strokes of
the Russians conn term iningf Has not
the pebble placed on the many-colored
captured Buss tan drum danced to tho
sumo vibrationsf Hard it is to locate,
border ntill to estimate their distance;
bnt without doubt tho Russians are
working, working near at hand too.
Down the hillside is the lodgement,
that hi.il. which looks like a distorted
volcanic crater. .Such, in fact, it is.
botig the result of exploding a few
mil:.1 II mines, no placed that their result-
itog craters intersect and by overlapping
form one elongated pit, a broad and
very deep trench. The Boll vomited up
by the explosions has formod a parapet
an round »h it fell back.   It wns when
tbe attackers found that they could ad
raaee no closer over tlm open that this
pit vra-K made. A ninnel had boon made
tp to its position -this wus tho com
oieuceuient of the mole's work
•be minos exploded. At ODCO. oven whih
the «ky was still raining reeks and clod.
of earth, llie -trippers and infantry ml
♦aimed with a eat like rush from tin
parallel behind and sei&od th
vantage.   Without
with pick and alio
work of the oxploslvos. (.at like, too,
with tooth ami nail have they hung
en to their newly won position against
all conn tor-attacks. In vain havo the
dowperate Russians surpassed themselves in their nightly attempts to try
said turn them out with bayonet, bomb
er hnllot. A foothold onco established,
the men of Nippon havo hung on to the
im>ot, steadily strengthening it the
while.
From this lodgement waa started the
ffnllory for the gront mine that is just
abont to be exploded to give them a
rond into the fortress, and It is here
tout all Interest is now centred.
Down at tho bottom of tho hollow is
a small group intently watching. At tho
telephone in the straw shanty kneels
the op-orator. Over tho top of the
parapet, above whieh bullets and shells
stag tbeir way, p-wrs tho Lieutenant*
Qotonal. Close by, in charge, of a
heavily-built sergeant, lion a curious
innocent looking like box with a handle,
H is the dynamo-exploder. Near it two
men are standing, <?aeh holding one end
of an electric wire in either hand. The
ends of thesn wiree, wbe-ro the metal
protrude* from rto black insulation, are
se raped aright*
Tho telephone orderly speaks, Tho
Colonel gives an order. Quickly and
silently the two ends of wiro held by
one man are placed in the damps of the
dynamo, which ure screwed dowu to
grip them. The moment is fateful and
dead silence reign's among tho little
group, whose drawn and dirty faces
wear if possible a more anxious expression than usual. The orderly speaks
again. Tho Colonel turns to the sergeant—" Fire!"
Tho latter throws his whole weight on
the handle, forcing it down with a purring rattle, while all cower down, holding their breath,
nothing happens.
A.galn—once mora is tho handle jerked up ami forced down. Nothing happens! The man holding the .second circuit steps forward and the exploder is
quickly connected with it. Once, twice,
threo limes does the handle rattle as it
la forced down, by two men now.
Again—nothing!
"Who connected this elmrgo?"
Captain Yamtuogo of the Imperial
Japanese Engineer a steps forward aud
salutes—a small, thin man, so eoated
with dried sweat and earth that he
might again be well taken for a coolie.
lli» is responsible; ho waa in charge;
but he happens to be tbo ono chosen
among many volunteers to go down and
ligth the fuse, if necessary, and to go
down and relight it should it not. act
llie first time. The matter of the fail-
tiro of the electricity cau wait till later.
A word, and he turns round, picks up n
small portable electric lamp, which he
straps round his forehead, and slings a
thick coil of safety-fuse over his shoulder. A salute, and lie has gone down Hie
gallery, picking his way carefully.
As he strides along, liis thoughts run
over the possible causes of failure. He
ponders over a dull boom which ho
fancied he had heard proceed from the
direction of the tunnel sonic five minutes ago, just before they connected with
the dynamo. No one else had noticed
it. apparently, amid the storm of noise.
He had decided that his ears must be
playing him tricks, for he had done
much underground listening recently;
but now his thoughts again revert to
this sound.
After walking for some two minutes,
he almost stumbles into an obstruction;
the left side of the gallery and the top
havo apparently fallen in. It is in a
soft portion of tho tunnel lined with
timbers, which are splintered and lying
about. He hastily searches tho side
walls for a gauge mark showing the
distance from tho mouth. Ho finda
one; ho is twenty yards short of the
tamping, and therefore the pile of soil
and rock is just over tho ends of the
safety fuso. Whilst standing thero he
hears strokos and voices—voices close
to him.    Ile half draws his sword.
ThiB explains tho failure. His ears
wore right. The enemy have driven
forward a tube and exploded a small
counter-mine, smashing in tho side of
the gallery. Woll, they seem to have
succeeded in spoiling tho attacker's
plan, for tho present at any rate. It
will be impossible to dig theso tons of
earth off tho fuzes under some hours;
the gallery is completely blocked. But
stay—is itf Ho sees a small patch of
darkness on the right-hand top corner
of tho mound. Scrambling up, ho digs
with liis hands and finds a more crust
of earth. Behind this tho opening is
just large enough to crawl through. He
wriggles along on his belly between the
earth and the roof for some ton yards,
then the mound slopes away and he
stumbles down on to the floor again in
tho small space between thc obstruction and the tamping at thc end of the
tunnel, lie darts to the side of the tunnel and picks up two red ropes. These
aro the instantaneous-fuses.
Captain Vamatogo knows all that is
to b cknown about fin-.es. Ho knows
well that to lig|it the instantaneous
means death, ns the flame would flash
straight down to the charge before ho
could move. Not wanting to dio use
lefisly, he heaves at the fuses to try and
pull them and the pieces of safety fuse
joined to their ends from under (lie
load of earth, llo pulls, but thoy do
not yield; dropping them, he whips out
his knife. He will cut the instantane
ous and splice onto it a longish piece
of safety, long onough to allow him to
get back over tho obstruction after
lighting.   Two minutes will do it.
At that moment he ngain hears a
voice, still closer than before. There
is no time to lose, not oven two minutes; the words are Russian. Quickly
hn makes up his mind, but, his resolve
taken, he proceeds Calmly. Taking out
a little Japanoofl flag, ns stick*, it into
the earth bo,do him, Bqunts down i
his beelfl, peels tho end of the cut fui
and takes out a cigarette, As ho does
this, he onn**ot help recalling with ..
orn | grim  smile that  it must  'ne just above
md , whero bo now squats that ho was kicked
when working as a coolie, by a Ruhsiuu
oflicer.    Then  he thinks of his wife at
home near Osaka, and of his two morrv
eyed little boys.
. ,     He lights tho cigaretto ami  takes a
lelny   tliey   started  |0Qg p,.||   Expelling the smoke with a
] to improve on tne|honrw ,,ry nf BanKU- ho presses the end
of  the   fuso   hard   on   to  the  glowing
cigarette end. Thero is a hiss nnd a jet
of sparks.
p.o
TRAGEDIES OF SUPERSTITION
How long is it since tho pas
time of burning Switches was abandoned? Many years, isn't itf On the
British Columbia coast, however, there
are still occasional tragedies of superstition. At Prince Kupcrt I found
Daniel Watt-boo. a poor old Indian, Bitting ou tho edge of a canoe, an old
man with a faco like wrinkled loathor,
overtanned, clad in the cast-off clothing
of a settler. Ho had como from tho
homo village to so*, tho Great White
Chief.
To took at the consumptive old man
one would scarcely credit him with
witchcraft, much less with putting a
tribe in apaflms of fear—but if you ask
tho Kitkatlahs thoy will tell you tbat
Darnel Watoboo was a devil As a
matter of fact, all that the old man
did was to fall in love with an Indian
woman. Tho thing occurred a fow
years ago. Daniel pressed bis suit with
all the vigor of a young man, but the
object of his quest did uot reciprocate
his ardor, and to influence her tbe old
man is said to havo practised witchcraft.
0. W, Morrow, of Princo Rupert, was
Indiun agent ut Port Essington at the
time, and hu knows tho story. It seems
that Wateboo was soon by tho tribesmen in his canoe, "peering into his
death box and muttering Incantations,"
To go out on tho face of tho waters
and chant in tho favorite method of
the hamatsu or sorcerer. Thc girl was
one of thoso who saw Wateboo "making magic," and she complained to thc
tribal council that she was being bewitched. The old man was prosperous
then, and the council was only too glad
to havo an excuse to seize him. The
councilors thought judicious handling
might induce him to pay a few dollars
for his release. He was seized, bound,
and thrown into a hut, whero for five
days he lay on tho hard pan and was
given little food, Dally the councilors
visited him uud called upon him to confess. Thoy could get no confession and
W&tebOO was hustled out and dragged
tu tho beach where he was tied to a
stake placed at the low-water mark,
one of tho councillors took a rifle and
they sat near to watch the waters flood
in and drown tho soreorer.
An Indian girl who saw the prepare
tions hurried off in a canoo to the Bot
tlomont at Port Kssingtou. Indian
Agont Morrow, Magistrate Ford, aud
sumo constables hurried to tho scene.
They found Wateboo with the tide surging about his waist, writhing iu efforts
to free himself, ami the councilors
wero arrested, taken to Port Kssingtmi,
tried, convicted, and fined from $30
to $100. Evon Wateboo did not escaj
the white man's justice. He was charged with boing a sorcerer, and admitted
that he hud laid claim to being a wiz
ard, his claim being more in the nature
of a bluff to induce the girl to marry
him, lie was lined $76 and bound over
not to practice witchcraft for ten years
A few days afterward Wateboo was
seen in his canoe off the village, and
ine of tho councillors took a rifle and
wounded him, He was taken to the Port
Essington hospital for treatment, and
when he recovered he kept away from
tho village. He bas also abandoned
the pretensions of being a medicine
man.   Ho is now a fisherman.
'' Do  the   Indians   still   believe
witch-craft!''   1   asked   a   missionary
from tho tfkeeuu Valley.
"Every village has its medicine man
its tribal sorcerer," ho replied.
On the river steamer h'keona I met, u
number of miners and traders from
Hozelton and heard more of theso tragedies of superstition among the north
cm Indians. These Indians are much
more enlightened than the KwuuUiutl
of the south, the natives who still crush
the bodies of their dead into little boxes
and perch them high in thc branches of
the fir trees at tho water's edge; these
Indians of the Skeena have risen to patent leather shoes, and thoir belles affect parasols aad silk shirt-waists, albeit of striking colors. Yet they fear
witchcraft. Following death in some of
the river tribos there baB been murder.
The father has reported to tho tribal
leaders that the dead son or daughter
was bewitched, and ofton an innocent
young man hus boon named as tho sorcerer who cast the evil spell.
An Indian woman lay near to death iu
her homo at the Tahltan village near
ilazelton a few snows ago, and tho wise
men of the Tahltaus decided that she
had beon bewitched. The tribes are
usually divided into clans, and tho
sick woman was of tho wolf-clan, and a
wolf witch-doctor was called. He came
dressed in wolf-skins, waering a wooden mask typifying a wolf's head, and
for two hours ho danced about the
conch of tho dying woman, occasionally
howling like a wolf and making threatening gestures which wore thought to
be necessary to drive out the witch
which had, it was believed, taken possession of the woman's body: 'flic
witch did not show itself, and the woman became worse. The medicine man
told the relatives that she bad boon bo-
witched and that he would ascertain
who had bewitched her. With a final
howl the sorcerer dashed out of the hut
and sprang upon a young lad, the ouly
son of an old widow woman of tho
tribe. The boy was dragged to the
couch of the sick woman, who admitted
that sho was bewitched, and while thc
Indians crowded into the hut, she pointed out the boy as the one who had bo-
witched her.   Then she died.
What more evidence was needed?
In vain the mother wept and pleaded;
vainly the boy cried and repeated again
and again that he was not a wizard and
would not know how to make magic.
What could they do against the death-
lied confession of the woman that she
had been bewitched! What could thoy
say against the death-bed accusation of
the bewitched klootchmanf Prom this
court there was no appeal. While a
mother wept aud pleaded an Indian boy
was strangled to death, another victim
of superstition,
Bullock-Webster of the Provincial
Police saved one Indian boy from the
superstitious tribesmen, who bad appointed one of their number as his executioner. This bravo, brought before
tho oflicer at Telegraph ('reek, deposed:
"My name is Lollij am a Tahltan Indian; I was declared for hunting at
which Joe Oulllban was to be disom-
bowoled bv mo and his body sunk iu
Stikino Kiver, for having bewitched a
girl of our tribe. I believe in witch-
craft, My tribe haa always beliovod
in witchcraft and has executed witches.
I do not know it is wrong. I bolieve it
is right."
An Indian girl had died in Loll i's village, and bofore hor doath sho had cried
out thut witches wero deseroyiug hor
and that Joo Cullihan, an orphan boy,
twelve years of ago, from ono of tho
coast tribes, had bewitched her. Joo,
of course, denied the fltory; but tho
girl had accused him lu her ante -mortem
statement, and no further evidence
was needed. Joo was tiod up by his
thumbs wnilo arrangements were made
regarding his disposal. Lolli was appointed as executioner, and preparations were begun for the killing of the
wizard, kioanwhilo, Bullock*Webster'
wns informed, and his officers hurried to
the nil age and rescued Joo. Lolli es*
aped, but was later brought in by Indiana for a reward.
Joe, the supposed wizard, recently
graduated from the Indian school at
Metlakatlah, where ho was plnc*ed foi
lowing the intervention of Rov. B. Ap-
ph'v&rd, a missionary.
At Albert Bay, whero tho Kwaukiutls
liv» In a picturesque cluster of un-1
plnmbod illahw-* on the shingle of a
pretty   bay. a  people  more  backward!
than the nortuera tr.bean.en, I found
a stronger belief in witchcraft than
was to be found anywhere else on the
northern British Columbia coast. In tho
villages from Cape Mudge to Port Rupert tho brown men fear each other,
and take the greatest pains to prevent
any other member of tho tribo from obtaining their clothing. It is believed
that one who can obtain possession of
soiled clothing or of some part of tho
hair, nails, etc., of a person, is able to
kill the owner of these parts by witchcraft. It is considered that the placing of the clothing of an enemy In a coffin would surely bring about his death.
I asked old Tsakwetlic of the Denek-
daws how the witch-doctor bewitched
the people. He said: "First you must
got some Bollod clothing of the man who
is to be bewitched. Then get a thighbone from nu old grave. The bono is
split and some clothing is forced into
llie cavity. Then tie the bone up with
sinews taken from a corpse and cover
I the whole thing with gum from a spruce
tree, To make good medicine four
bundles of this kind must be secured
and placed iu a box. IJury the box deep
and light a lire over it. Then the owner
of thai clothing you take will fall sick;
and the bolter the (ire the greater will
bo his pain. Finally, when the box is
hot, he must die. Only ono way can
he escape. If his friends (ind the box
bolero it burns nud take out the pieces
of clothing from the bones, then he
will get well."
THE LATEST EXPERIMENTS WITn
RADIUM AS A CURE FOR CANCER
A demonstration of the effects of
radium on cancer proved tlio feature of
tho proceedings of the British .Medical
Association at a recent meeting in Loudon, where tho distinguished Doctor
Louis Wickham, of Paris—ono of thc
world's highest authorities on radium
therapy—dealt, with the subject exhaustively. The curative influence of
radium upon cancer has been holly disputed, but in the light of Doctor Wick-
ham's revelation the medical profession
must revise all its ideas on the subjec*.
according to medical press comment
abroad. Tho points chiefly engaging
expert attention just now are thus Bet
forth iu the London Lancet:
Can radium really cure any form of
cancer?
If so, how does its curative influence
actually affect the tissues concerned!
Can radium cure large cancers and
internal cancers!
The lirst query has beon answered in
the affirmative by somo experts, but
there are still numbers of medical men
who  find   great  difficulty   in   believing
I hat a tiny particle of radium can really destroy so deadly and firmly rooted
a disease as cancer. Nevertheless,
those professional men who heard Doctor Louis Wickham's lecture and who
saw the beautiful specimens and photo
graphs he exhibited cun no longer doubt,
says the London Medical Journal, that
under certain favorable conditions radium can most certainly cure cancer.
The chief necessary conditieais are that
tho growth bo accessible and that it
shall bo small and localized. The larger
the growth the more limited will bo the
boneficial effects of tho applications of
radium, nence every effort should be
directed to detect such growths in the
earliest stages possible. To quote from
the columns from our contemiwrary:
'' Under theae circumstances, it naturally follows that the best results
that have been obtained by tho radium
treatment in cancer havo beeu whore
thc disease has attacked exposed parts,
such as the skin of the faco nnd hands;
also cancer of tho tongue, which is, of
course; rendily accessible, Cancer of
such parts can bo detected from its very
oarlieflt stages, and owing to the facility
with which radium can bo applied to
them gives the best chance of a cure by
its effects.
"To understand how radium destroys
enncerous growths it is first of all neees
sary to have some idea of the constitii
tion of such lumors. When examined
undor a microscope of high magnifying
power, cancers in general aro found tn
consist of myriads of tiny 'cells,1 more
or less globular in shape, which are in
au active state of multiplication; ami
it is the remarkable rapidity of multiplication which charaeteti7.es these
'cells" that leads to the formation of
a 'growth' or 'tumor,1 No drug we
know of has the slightest effect on a
tivo cancer cells, and nothing short of
actually burning them up with a rod
hot cautery or strong chemicals was
known to destroy them until the X-rays
were discovered; besides (he X-rays and
cnusties, radium is the only other substance wo possess that has the property
of being able to destroy cancer cella.
"This it appears to do in part by
stimulating tho healthy tissues in
which a cancer is growing to such an
extent thnt they are able to gain the
upper hand: when radium in applied to
i enncer tho normal 'colls' seem to be-
jomo Imbued with new life, nnd the
Invading cancer cells uo longer have it
II tli* ir own way. At the name time
the radio active influence has a directly
destructive effect on the latter."
ECCENTRIC SNOWFALLS
Miracles happen ho ofton that we do
not notice them. Hut The Observer,
true to its name, records some interesting observations on a reoent phenomenon :
"If it wore not that a nmvBpaper
lives for today, and neither for yos-
torday nor tomorrow, a common occurrence liko a fall of black snow would
hardly have boon worth recording. Thev
hnvo had one in tho lowor Kmmon valley, abovo the Lake of Brlenz,* where
tho snow is said to havo been as black
as if it had lain in a city for a week.
Wo can match the portent ourselves,
Somo years ago there was a fall of
'blood-rain' In Cambdon square, due to
the presence of swarme of a minute
moving wntor-plant, known as 'Sphoon-
ella pluvialis.' An organism closely allied to it gives tho color to red snow,
which has been known to fall at Car*
molo, in Oormauy, in Italy, in tho Tyrol, and within tho Arctic circle. Sand
also causes red snow; at least Professor
Salcher was of opinion that tho phenomenon in the south of Kurope waa due
to the sand of the Saraha carried
across the Mediterranean by the sir
occo."
To those watching,   great Fusiyamo
itself aeems to erupt skywards from the
Fort of shan.   Within two minutes
the men of bis company are running
and stumbling high above what wns
once Captain Yamatogo of the Imperial
Engineflrs.
Miss Agnes Laut, iu a rocout article
in The Globe advocating tlie establishment of a national library for Canada,
called attoutiou to the imperfect condition of our national records. Sho ventured to say that there aro moro materials for every part of Canadian history (including Queboo) to be found in
thu libraries uud archives oT the United
StatOB than there are to bo found in
Canada itself; and, although perhaps
MisB Laut in what she said did not do
suflicient justice to tho splendid work
being carried on at present by the Archives Department at Ottawa, no one
who is familiar with the facts will (pies
tion the truth of her statement. If au
inventory were taken of tho original
materials that exist for Canadian history, most peoplo would be shocked to
find what inroads lmd been made on
them by time and neglect*. (Japs exist
Which may never be bridged over; and
truth is iu mnny eases drowned at the
bottom   id"  the  well.
lu the first place, Canadian history
has Buffered Vrey severely from fire, It
is now almost certain that tho official records of the colony of New
Prance up to 1688- (he Registers de
I'Ancion CouboU (Registers of the Old
Council), which would have thrown a
flood of light on the early history of
Canada had they been preserved, were
destroyed in the firo which consumed
the In ten dan t 's palace at QuobOQ in
17Ll. At least, the most diligent
search by various Canadians and antiquarians has failed to reveal any sign
of their preservation. In 1849 another
severo loss was sustained by Canadian
history when tbe Parliament buildings
at Montreal were burnt to ths ground
by tho mob that rotten-egged Lord
Elgin. The Legislative Library, all of
which went up in smoke, contained
many rare and some unique editions of
Canadians, and a mass of documents
relating to the Preuch regime which
had been collected by the learned bi
brarian M. Faribault. A considerable
part of this collection can never be replaced. Pive years later, in 1854,
when the Legislature had removed to
Quebec, there was another conflagration in the Parliament buildings, ami
the Legislative Library was burned a
second time. Tho loss on this occasion, however, wub naturally not. so
great as it- had beeu in 18-IS. hi 1S!U!
tho library of tho University of Toronto was burned; and last year the library of the Provincial Legislature of
Ontario suffered tho same fate in tho
fire which destroyed the wost end of
the Parliament buildings, ln both
those cases there were rare aud valuable editions of books on Canadian
history that perished. Tho Archives
of Ontario, it is true, survived, but it
would havo boon no very groat loss
if they had perished, too.
Vandalism and neglect havo done
their part as woll as fire. The official
papers dealing with tho French period
havo had a most romantic caroor.
When tho Preach authorities loft Canada in 1760 they took all their State
papers with them. In Paris theso pa-
pars wero deposited in tho Archives
of the Marine, where the official correspondence between tho King's Ministers
and the Canadian Government had always been kept. In 170;i the Archives
of the Marine were removed to Versailles, and they wore there when the
French Revolution broke out. During
the whole courso of the revolution they
remained there iu a stato of complete
neglect in a public building; in 17011
a squad of tho National Guard was
quartered in tho building whero they
were deposited, and during the five
weeks of the winter, which was a very
severe oue, the soldiers used the precious documents about them to keep
their stove burning, ln 18115 another
catastrophe befell them. An official
of the restored liourbon Government,
having been givon the building where
tlie Archives of tho Marine wore kept,
found that bo did not have room for his
secretary to turn around in; so he held
what the French call a "triago"—
that is, ho kept as many papers as ho
had room for, and tin* rest he sent
away to the grocers of Versailles to
wrap their vegetables in, L'ucouraged,
doubtless by his example, another functionary, iu 1830. deliberately plundered
the archives. He sold whole bundles of
documents by weight; what he got for
them we do not know, but somo of th
documents were bought by autograph
collectors at tho rate of one cent a
document. Iu 1HH2 the Director of
tho Archives reported; " Prompt re
pairs must be made in the roof of the
Archives building. The papers of the
upper floor ure inundated; aud the
downpour of last night has completely
ruined a score of cases full of documents that were useful, and already
classified." In l&'tf tho Archives of
the Marine were once more transferred
to Paris; and it is there that tho representatives of the Dominion Govern
ment have copied the documents which
are in tho Archives Department nt
Ottawa,
In some rospoctt, the sources for
Canadian history since 17<!.t are less
ample than for tho French period. The
pnpora of prominent men, such us Wil
llam Lyon Mackeneio, George Drown,
Sir .John A. Macdonald and &1r Oliver
Mowat, have been preserved, and biographies havo been published based on
au examination of these papers. But
thero are many figures of tho second
rank in Canadian history about whom
it 1b exceedingly difficult to learn anything. Tho first Premier of Ontario,
John Sandfieid Macdonuld, was a prominent figure in tho political life of
his day, both under the Union and
undor Confederation; yet no trace can
be discovered of his papers, no biography has been published about him,
and the student of his life has to rely
on stray notices in the newspapers nf
those days. Nor is the condition of the
newspaper flies any too satisfactory.
Only one complete Bet of The Quebec
GaKotte, the first paper published in
Canada, {b known to exist, and readers
of The Globe may not be aware that
thero ia only one complete Bet of The
Globe In existence—that in the Legislative Library at Ottawa. Of a great
many early newspapers hardly a volume remains. And of William Lyon
Mackenzie 'a A lmunac.s, published between   18301834,  only   one   (Nu   II.)
remains in ezistenco. The har»« ttaat
has boon wrought among early Cm
adian books aud uowspapora ia Um-ilf
the result of tho burning dowa a-r at
many libraries and nowapaps-r Vaill
ings.
A good example of the viciswtmda*
through which many Cnnadiana bat*
gone is to bo found in the history of
The Jesuits' Journal (1045-1068). Thc
MSS. was preserved by the Jaauit fk
thers until after the Conquest; bni ea
the abolition of the order by th* Pop*'
in 17711 if disappeared. If waa found im
1818 by Mr. Cochrane, Private Sa-srs
tary to tho Governor. Sir John Cap*
Skorbroolte, Mr. Cochrane fmumi a, a*
get hor with somo wasle paper, aar*
lessly placed at the bottom tf a sap
board (iu what building do«a ant ap
pear), and evident ly doaignod, •»•*«•
or later, to furnish mattor ta l-iflSH as*
stove. The MSS. was semi by St. Jaa
quae Vigor, nu early i 'nnadraa aaiti
quartan, who vory carefully aspiaal at.
and in 1871 au edition of tha IV
Journal was printed by the Abbot La
vorctiore and Oasgraln from U. YitftrY
copy. Nearly all the edition, how-avsy.
was destroyed by a lire in the pramiMt>
of the publisher at Ottawa, aa* a eapv
of The Journal is therefore ta -ley a*
eoodtugly rare.
The Archives Deparcuieal at *&(*»
wa, which deserves tho pratitada at
every scholar aad every Canadian, ha*
done a great deal to retrieve our loavst
Put doubtless thero are still diaaaverisx
that remaiie to be made. In tho ma*
unlikely corners will be found lo#t ana1
forgotten manuscripts whiah will Vkpmv
new light on our past.
EXPOETING   BEEF   CATTLE   A
TICKLISH   BUSINESS
Cattle men have a saying that *b#
su rest w ay t o lose m o a oy, is to g*i
into fhe business ef exporting eaiUa
There is more iu this of truth thaa
pleasant memory to many enterpriaing
men, ami the best losaoa which loba
of them have over learned from thai*
costly experience has beei ta lc*vr
the   business  alouo.
There is always a strong tinclor* erf
speculation in buying and shipping ta
a foreign market. This is always inn-
of the Old Country market, whiah
draws its supplies from no many for ol
portions of the world, ln tha »m of
meat supplies, it iB easy to uarferetaas:
the uncertainties which tmut na*ja*
eerily attend tho trade. Meat auppiia*
for the Old Country como from Uaa
ada aud tho United Htatos, from Sou**
America, from Australia und New /-ea
land. The price which each eoatrib
utor must recoivu for his goods, Aa
ponding upon tho laws of supply a-ud
demand, must thus bo subject tw aa
array of conditions far too widely
spread for any single handed Bpe-catafcar
to grasp with any adoquata 4egrs*
of comprehension.
Thu big companies operating la B-W
United States, in A us; alia and New
Zealand and in the Argentine ware
bettor prepared to deal with the mimvm
tion. They had correspondeata au4
agents who kept them poBtod. In afca-
case of the United States, it waa (te
turn of a penny whether the big at-eara
went to tho Old Contury on foot or aa
the meat hooks. Prices for tallow, far
hides or for meat might make the dit
fer on CO. Other countriea ouly atUaapt
ed the dead moat, trade. In thia maitaa
Canada was unique, for cattle seat «vav
only ou foot, and there wns little draw
ed meat alternative.
Since tho advent of the reproaacita
tivo of tho American packing hunsa **
the Canadian cattle markets, ho waves,
there has boon some improvement ia
tbe situation. He is uot an individual
speculator, but the representative mf
well informed interests. He know*
what he is expected to do, nud tho r«a
suit of his work generally nets a far
smaller percentage of loss thau iH
that of Iho small buyer or ahipper
When thero is less loss, the sitoatiaa
is generally stronger, and smaller gea
oral margins will ensue an equal prelt.
An example of the value of sue* aa
curate information transpired a white
ago, when tho price for export atoera
dropped on tin- Toronto market, in the
face of strong Old Country cable*.-
Uut receipts of big stcors of expert
grade on the American markets haa!
been large, and homo demand for that
class was not active. Nothing would
be more natural than that uumheru of
these would be forwarded on the foot
to tho Old Country, and whea theae
reached the Old Country lower price*
were npt to result, It was one of rho
times when under the old conditions
u few home buyers on export aceaiat
would have been "nipped," while with
wider and later information, tho rep
roaontattvo of the big abattoir ativfd
the  situation.
Under tho present system of buy
ing from tho farmer tho loss was pass
ed along to the country shipper, Many
of these Muffcred rather heavy lotuoa
having bought ou the strength of Old
Country reports themselves.
Wero it possible to obtain uccaraU'
data regarding not only Old Couditiena,
but reports of the killings, and ship
ments from nil the countries contriba
tory to tho Old Country market, taoa
not only the shipper, but tbe farmer
and stock breeder could thou know jast
where they wore at in the business, and
an approximate estimate made of what
market conditions would bo like warn
animals would reach the Old Country.
At tho present timo, abbattoirs aad
packinghouses interested lu foreiga
meat markets obtain this for them
Helves. It is possible that theae might
find it in their interest to issue infarai-
ation for the guidance of buyom at
country points, but the factor of responsibility which this might involve
in cases where prognostications weat
wrong, would be something which they
would not caro to assume even In the
slightest degree.
TJNWIBE TO LIVE BELOW THE
GROUND
Peoplo who make it a practice to ait
in basement rooms finally become rhea
matic; they take cold easily and their
general vitality becomes lowered. It is
nnwise to live below the surface af the
ground. THE ISLANDER, CUMBERLAND. B.C.
FASHIONS AND
FANCIES
A. little more than a decade ago, when the vogue for
-ajpalrih garments was being run into the ground by up to-
•4* girls, and while girls were selecting their shoos from
ilia hay'a departments for style's sake, not comfort, one of
ah* exeUeive custom shoemakers told one of hia young girl
TMUaaers how ho had sold thin kid slippers to her grand
naflher that she had worn with silk stockings across Wash
is%tea Square in the winter; and the girls credulity was
"trained. Bue she herself wore pumps and silk stockings
A laat winter; she did go to the length of putting on two
pair* mi thin silk hosiery in cold weather, for she retained,
nam fa the thick of tne present extravagant fashions, a
||Et ef common sense from her home training. And this
esjtfM she has gone out in suede nnd velvet and satin boots
tajfpft are certainly botier suited to tho honao than to the
■tweet, especially in cold weather.
Black Voile da Sole Gown with Guipure Lace
The trouble these days ie the lack of discrimination between drees for indoor and outdoor use. A sharp distinction
far venr taste's sake should be made between street and
keare elothea. The limp, clinging robe that is at home in
efcadelfr houses is out of place in public thoroughfares. Yet
ana mm more or less faithful semblances of it every day of
tke week, not only in public places like the theatre and concert hall, but even in the very shops; and tho distinction
between clothes for the carriage or private car and those
that maat be worn in public vehicles 1b uot regarded. Per*
•ami who cannot afford a private car or carriage for any
ami the most conventional occasions should choose their ward*
radio accordingly. Homo time, possibly as the milennium
begins to dawn in tbo east, light on this particular phase of
draaaiag will break on the average vision. Then bats bo
targe Alt they block traffic aud projecting hatpin points
that threaten tlie eyes and faces of fellow passengers, and
gawaa so close-fitting that they cause comment, will be pro-
aauoced vulgar. And whon that stigma attaches itself to a
1 custom, even to a pot style, thnt custom is sure to be
untenanted, and must soon depart, bag and baggage.
•    •   *
Nothing ia quite so serviceable as net for a white waist,
aa it can do given considerable wear before it shows soil.
Iiovoiy ones aro shown with laee insertion, a row of filet
laee down either side of thu front, and tbo same treatment
ia Mack. Net plaltings keep their freshuess for a long timo,
aad should be finished with a vory narrow lace or a hem
aa the edge. Frills may be added at tho top of tbe collar,
hut do not attempt to wear these unless they aro really becoming, for nothing is more trying to certain types, Cream-
tinted net is prettier than dead white, and with lace dipped
ta match it, makes a charming blouse. Line it in one layer
ef chiffon, or wear under it n slip of mosBallne or China silk
-she latter preferably, as it washes so well.
i   t   t
One does not realize the excessive thinness nnd suppleness of everything connected with the wardrobe until one
'•haiices upon a garment made several years ugo. Gradually
body has been eliminated from materials and clumsiness
Irem the finish of everything in the way of clothes until a
step or two further would leave inadeipiate protection from
aotun] weather, to nay not a word about the vory first prln
lipid* of respectability.
Blouses are made of all sorts of soft materials, from
woollen cashmere to "cachemcre do soie." Meteor satins
ef every description, liberty silks, and for very dressy wear
they* are fashioned in lace, white or black, and strongly
leached with gold in tho way of laee or metal thread. The
Week motiBseline Blip that up to the present month has been
put ovor everything certainly has a wonderfully softening
effect. But it'ifl so perishable, is so easily crushed and spoiled, that while it has been a very successful adjunct, it wna
aa expensive folly in its wny. Evening dresses havo no
shape about them, not ovon those made within'the past few
weeks. Materials-are superb, nnd they aro tho only factors
that redeem the gowns, for the large majority nre hopeless
failures. They nre so ridiculous that the designers might
have known long ago thnt they would never be accepted
by sensible women.
Many of tho evening coats and "sorties do bal" for
debutantes are of velvet and brocade and have immense
hoods as a part of the wrap. These are quite chic, and make
tho wearer look as if she had stopped out of an old-fashioned
miniature. The hood is supposed to rest lightly on the hend.
Otherwise the coiffuro would be spoiled. True, the majority
ef tho evening hoods do not impart much warmth to tho
head, but tbat is perbapa not expected by the designer. With I
the heated carriages and autos a fashionable woman is not'
supposed to bo in the cold air long enough to feel any change
of temperature.
* *   »
Were it not for the accessories und finishes of evening
gowns, no woman would be pleased to look at them. Certainly never were details more magnifieent. Brocades, gold
tinsel, cloth of gold, old lace, fur, heavy embroidery—all
these make a garment valuable. Many of the dinner gowns
look like tea gowns, and many tea gowns are the exact shape
of the evening dresses, and so on. Many of the tea gowns
are of delicate brocade and velvet, but so are those for
other occasions. All the lace designs for any purpose this
winter aro of ancient pattern. It is so with the white or
cream laces, real or imitation, and it is bo with gold and
silver laces. Ribbons have followed in the wake, too. We
do not see much velvet or satin ribbon on dresses or hats.
The ancinot patterns are modish in gold and silver tissue,
It is all very nandsome, but one must be educated to a
certain high degree to appreciate it.
• •   •
Fur stoles are bo long that in the wind they would wind
themselves around* about something or somebody, and it
is not always the wearer, either. So to be careful to avoid
contact, the fashionable has her scarf thrown over the shoulder that she may catch the ends at a moment's notice. These
wraps aro really moro graceful than they are comfortable.
Ths only part they protect is the neck and bast, aud considering that they are at least two yards long, that is uot
saying much. A new black satin pump ia cut higher than
tho ordinary oue, and with a short tonguo just showing
above nn ovafl buckle aud a satin covered heel.
t   •   •
Afternoon dresses, if tbey be of light stuffs, are almost
any color, with a leaning to delicate tones. Pronounced col
ors have long ago passed by, But tho lovely tones in panne,
taupe, blue, greys, are all modish. For a gown that will
receive solid wear, or that must last one well into spring, a
good tone to order is grey, Taupe, if thero is not too much
brown in the composition, is useful, soft, and does not carry
tbe mark of the aeuson on its face. Blues are a trifle hard
in satins tbat will wear, and though blue is a lender for
all kinds of tailor suits, it does not acorn appropriate for
the afternoon frock unless one employs that lovely smoke-
blue dye known us Beauvnis. No matter what color after
noon frocks are made of, however, they are finished with
different colored embroideries somewhere about the neck.
Home of them have nothing but gold or silver in the guimpe.
But unless tbo costume is a black one, that effect is a bit
hard. Even in black, the faint touches of color givo a
decided relief, besides making tho wearer more youthful
looking. While theso dresses aro scboolgirlieh and prim,
they ore not coquettish in the least. Almost the only part
that is frivolous iB tho sleeves, nnd this is only the ease
where they are made elbow length, finished with a little
touch of whito in the way of a wristband. Fur always
makes a pretty finish of these dressy afternoon frocke, and
skunk, being soft and dark, has a way of making an "ensemble" harmonious. No matter how many colors be employed, the touch of skunk modifies and mediates all. Therefore skunk has first placo this season in dresses for the
day. Those for evening employ it too, even though many
women prefer chinchilla or mink.
SUN-DIALS OLD AND NEW
I HAVE no sound, nor voice, yet bv the light of sunbeams
touched I tell the hours aright."
"Aright" just four days in the yenr, according to
our standard, since we arbitrarily divide our year according
to our own convenience, but tho suu and the sun-dial continue to serenely measure time according to nature's own
laws. We must, perforce, catch our trains according to plain
workaday clocks, "those dead things," as Lamb calls them,
but we can still allow tho stately old dials with their
"silent heart language," to tell the flowers and the birds
in our gardens when they may open their eyes in thc morning nnd when they may drowse at night
They are of numerous kinds—horizontal, vortical, conical,
Aw" Htsk
--^mit^e
Silk Embroidered Voile Gown
cylindrical, etc.—but tho simple horizontal ones are the ens
lest to get, round or Bqunro brass plates with a triangular
gnomon. They tnay bo almost plain, containing only the ne-
cosBiiry numerals, or they may be elaborately etched with
designs suggested by the signs of the zodiac ur the legends
of tho suu. The motto must, of course, be on it, and with
ull tho quaint old mottoes voicing every sentiment appropriate to a dial, it seems a desecration to use new mottoes
or new designs, lending a modern spirit to a thing inherently
"Old-Worldly."
The standards for the dials are another problem, and
one that may bo settled in an infinite number of ways. They
mny be simple or ornate, new or old, largo or small. Thore
is a chanco for tho greatest individuality iu their choice. It
may consist of anything from a boulder or old treo stump
to the most elaborate niarblo column. The dial, iiiBtoad of
being of brass, may be carved in the Ptonc. Some of the
most beautiful standards aro pieces of old marble and stone
brought from Italy and Greece They may bo tables, vaseB,
benches, fountains, anything that may be adapted to the
purpose. Very beautiful nnd practical bases are now being
made, however, in this country of cement. The material
resembles gray Btone, and can In cut in very beautiful designs liko stotio. They are copying all the old models in this
material, and they are very satisfactory.
The setting of a dial-Is a vory delicate piece of work.
When it is ordered, the province, county and town where
it is to be placed must be given, so that the dial will be
correct for the latitude. It must then be set absolutely
fiat with the gnomon pointing straight nt the North Star.
It must be admitted that this is not nn easy thing to do
unless one is an expert.
THE HABM DONE BY THE "HARMLESS" HOUSE-FLY
The common house-fly, tho Musca
domestic!, of Linnaeus, that insect
which figures in fable und poetry, and
is popularly regarded as a harmless,
innocent, lively and interesting creature, which may be looked upon with
indifference, or at most struck at with
objurgation wheu too familiar, prov
to be ono of our worst enemies. Its
relations to human life and sanitation
nre most important, and yot for veers
all efforts to ring the facts of its noxious existence properly to the attention
of municipal authorities met with indifference or ridicule.
In a striking article published in the
National Geographic Magazine by N.
A. Cobb, accompanied by photographs
made especially for that article by Mr.
Cobb, the menace of tbo house tly is
instructively  discussed.
"The fly s power to spread disease,"
says Mr. Cobb, "is a direct function
of its powers of locomotion. It cun fly
considerable distances at a high rate of
speed. It is quickly carried long distances on trains, boats, teams, animals
and man.
"It is possible to got a good idea of
a fly's rate of flight in a number of
ways. Plies come to ships newly ar
rived in port across considerable
stretches of water. This we know, bo
en use a few hours earlier there wero
no flies ou the ship. No communication has been had with land. The flies
must have come on their own wings
Occasionally we see a fly follow a team
or animal, easily keeping up a good
pace. The wing muscles of a fly when
weighed are found heavier in proportion than those of any bird so far examined. It is difficult to tire a fly out.
Test this by trying to keep oae constantly on the wing in a room and you
will soon find you have no easy task.
All this shows the fly to be no mean
navigator of tho air.
"Most of our diseases aro caused by
invisible germs. Theso germs may be
brought to us from some sick person
by whatever is large onough to carry
them and has alio opportunity. Com
bine this fact with what every one
'knows about Hies, and we see at once
the tremendous importance of flies as
carriers of human disease germs.
"The result of this simple piece of
reasoning iB bo startling that it iB often sidetracked by its own importance.
It looks so incredible that wo hesitate,
distrusting our own logic. It seems
incredible thnt mon have gone on ,do
ing ns they have done, and as they aro
still doing, if the facts are as they
seem. The consequences of our roason
ing seem bo tremendous, we fear there
must have boon a mistake Bomowhere.
And so we dismiss tho idea,
"One wny to disturb this false security is to interest peoplo in the habits
and structure of flies. The more we
know nbout flies, the more clear it will
becomo thnt thoy are among our worst
enemies.
"Tako for instance the view of
fly resting on glass and viewed from
below. Look at the feet, and observe
that ench of thom has two claws and
two light-colored pads. Tho fly clings
to rough surfaces by means of the
claws, and to smooth surfaces by a
combined action of the claws and pads.
The fly's pads are covered with thousands of minute short hairs, sticky at
the end. There is no suction—merely
adhesion.
"The action of a fly's pads may be
illustrated by means of a piece of
sticking plnster and a fow threads and
small weights. Take a piece of sticking plaster half nn inch wide and sew
through it some short pieces of thread
at intervals of half an inch, nnd knot
the threads on tho sticky side bo thnt
they cannot pull through. Stick the
plaster to a dinner plate or other
smooth object, and it will be found
that if a small weight la attached to
each thread the plaster will sustain in
this way a considerable weight—that
is to say, the sum of all the small
weights is considerable,
"Now, remove the weights and attach ull of them to ono or two of the
threads at one end, The plaster will
promptly be torn loose. Acting on a
portion of the plaster at a time, tho
weights can accomplish what they cannot accomplish when distributed along
the whole surface of the plaster.
"The experiment illustrates roughly
bow thc fly uses nnd controls Its foot.
"Wonderful ns the fly's pads ure,
they have their disadvantages, for
stickiness nnd locomotion nre not always strictly compatible.
"All bis grown-up life the fly has
to manage with sticky feet. Imagine
our plight if the soles of our feet were
sticking plaster, perennially renewing
Its stickinessl Whoever hns experienced tho sticky mud of certain regions will recall how the bootB ball up
find what a conglomeration one drugs
home from a ramble under auch oircnm-
stun con.
'To such inconveniences the fly is
constantly subject, and it is this thnt
hus bred'In him a habit of frequently
preening himself, particularly his feet,
These are constantly becoming clog*
ged with adhering substances, and this
contamination the fly must assiduously
remove if his foot are to act proper
ly in supporting him on slippery places.
If this contamination Is too sticky to
rub off the fly laps It off, and it then
pusses off in his excreta.
"Thus it is that all sorts of micro
BCOpio particles are moved from place
to  place  on   the  foot  of  flies.    These
rtieloH ure rarely of sufficient size to
seen with tho unaided eye,    Never
tholess,   they   are   constantly   present,
and the amount of matter thus trans
ferred  is relatively considerable on ae-
unt of the fly's'activity. When flics
have access to diseased or rotten or
foul matter, the transfers thus effected
are dangerous. All sorts of minute organisms nre spread in this wny, in-
hiding diseases of man, animals, and
plants. It is impossible to go into details in this plaoe. but it is only right
to say that tho imagination completely
fails'to grasp the far reaching consequences of this transfer of germs and
spores on  tho feet of flies."
FUEL FBOM NILE SUDD
As is well known, one of tho great
ilifflcultieB   relative   to   navigation   on
tho Nilo, ia the obstruction offered by
large   masses   of   dense   waterweed   or
For venrs Mother Graves' Worm
Kxtcrminntor hns ranked as the most
effective preparation manufactured,
nnd it always maintains its reputation.
grass, generally known as sudd. For
a distance of three hundred miles the
river runs through a very swampy
country, estimated to cover .15,000
square miles and known as the Sudd
district. A great drawback to this
territory is the complete absence of
fuel of any description, thero being no
timber, while coal has to be imported,
and the price of these two commodities averages about $13 per ton. The
existence of this weed offered a serious
obstruction to the development of the
Soudan, since at this point the Nile
could uot be safely navigated, owing
to dense clumps of the grass, detached
by floods, gales, aud so forth, drifting
into nnd blocking the main channel
The task of clearing tho river and
keeping the waterway open is thus expensive and difficult.
A German diplomatist, however, conceived the idea that this grass must
possess n certain calorific value, and
suggested thnt it might be harvested
aud converted into a fuel very cheaply, so as to meet the local deficiences
in this direction. Lord Cromer and
Sir Keginald Wingnte were approached, and the assistance of the Soudanese
government being secured, a small
commission waa despatcbod to the
Sudd district to study the feasibility
of the idea on tbe spot. Largo quantities of the grass wero secured aud
despatched to Mersoburg, In Germany,
where experiments were ut once undertaken to determine how its conversion
into fuel might be effected, together
with the determination of tho calorific
value.
As a result, a very simple and inexpensive process has been evolved. The
sudd is first dried and then submitted
to treatment in a disintegrator, which
reduces it almost to tbe form of powder. The mass is then briquetted. Recently Lord Cromer, Sir Reginald Win-
gate, and a representative of the German and Soudanese governments witnessed a demonstration of the process.
The manufacture into briquettes occupies only a few minutes, and in thc
calorific tests that wore carried out,
it was ascertained that the heating
value of the disintegrated sudd is
about 00 per cent, that of coal, while
the density of tho briquette is 80 per
cent,, of coal. The cost of manufacture wus found to be so satisfactory
as to enable the product to be manufactured on the apot in Egypt, to be
Bold for nbout 50 per cent, of the local
price of imported coal.
The Soudanese have now granted a
concession for tho installation of a
manufacturing plant in the Soudan,
and nre assisting the development in
a tangible financial manner. The success of the experiments has provided
economical and efficient means of disposing of the river problem to a unique
degree. Owing to the expanse of the
Sudd district, and the immediate availability   of   unlimited   supplies   of   tho
There is no medicine on the market
that can compare with Bickle'b Anti-
Consumptive Syrup in expelling from
tho system the Irritating germs that
colds engender in the nir passages. It is
suicide to neglect your cold. Try the
cheap experiment of ridding yourself
of it by using Bickle's Syrup, which is
a simple remedy, easily taken, and
once used it will always be prized ub a
sovereign medicine.
A LIGHTHOUSE KEEPER'S
STORY
From the light-house at Lobafcet
land, Mrs. W. Young sends aa ex
perience of Zam Buk, which should met
tainly act as a true beacon light, gaid
ing all BtiffererB from skin disease to a
sate harbor of refuge.
Mrs. Young says: I suffered with
eczema for seven years, and to say
great delight of Zam Buk has cured me.
The disease started on my breast, aad
spread until it extended over sty
back. The itching and buraiag—
especially when tho affected parte
were warm—was terrible; and ret
when the eruption waa scratched a*
rubbed, it turned to bad sores, aad
caused great pain. I went to a dm
tor, and tried various prescriplioaa*.
but seemed to get no benefit, so trial
another doctor. Again I got aa relief, ao tried a third doctor, and taam
a fourth. .Although they all did tMS
best for me I got uo relief frost m§
pain.
"Novell yoars is a long tine to
suffer, and I had got used te ta*
thought that I never would be eared
when I saw a report in "The Family
Herald' telling how beneficial '/.mm
Buk was in cages of skin disease. 1
thought there would be no harm ia
giving this balm a fair trial, aad
bought some.
"Well, from tho use of the vavt
first box I saw Zam Buk was going
to do me good. 1 persevered with stand the improvement it worked la
my condition was really wonderfal.
It eased the irritation, stopped ths
pain, and the sores began to dry w
and within a very short time it worked
a complete cure in my case."
Not only for eczema, but for ulcers,
abscesses, varicose veins, bad saw,
poisoned wounds, cuts, cold aarea,
chapped places, piles, ringworm, children s eruptions, burns, scalds, aad all
skin impurities and diseases, Zam Bah
will be found unequalled. All drag
gists and stores sell at .50c. box, or poet
free from Zam-Huk Co., Toronto, tm
price. Refuse harmful substitutes tad
imitations.
raw material, it is anticipated that i
important industry in the Soudan am
be developed.
THE URUGUAYAN POTATO
A new species of white potato has
fur some years past been cultivated ia
France from plants found in Urugae/.
Originally a very bitter tuber, the
South American vegetable becomes af
ter three or four years of cultivation
an admirable food product. Its yield
is euormouB and it is exempt from the
maladies that attack tbo ordinary po
tato. It grows best in moist soil, its
native habitat being the marshy shores
of the river Mercedes in Uruguay. Iti
flowers hnve a jasmine-like porfnflte
and a delicate scent has already bees
extracted from them. After one plant
ing the plant perpotuutes itself from
the broken roots left in the Boil.
Shihh's Cum
BRUCE'S BI6 FOUR FIELD ROOT SPECIALTIES
BBUOE'S OIANT WHITE FEEDING BEET—Th. moat valuable Field Boat
OD the market, combln.i ths tlch qualities of tha SUf ai Beet with tha long keenlaf,
larse sis. and heavy enpptaf Qualities ef th. manfel. V, lb. 13c, y, lb. 10a,
1 lb. 30c, i lbs. 11.10, postpaid.
BBUOE'S MAMMOTH INTBBMEDIATE SMOOTH WHITE OABBOT—
Th. beat of all Bold Carrots.    V, lb. 23c y, lb. 3»e, 1 lb. 60c, postpaid.
BBDOE'S OIANT YELLOW INTBBMEDIATE IUMOEL—A .an cloae second
to our Giant White Feeding: Beet, and equally sup to harvest.     V, lb.
10c, 1 lb. 30c s lbs. 11.10, postpaid.
lb. ISC y, Ih.
BBUOE'S HEW OENTUBY SWEDE TUEttlP—Tho best shlpplnf variety, aa
well as the best for cooking: handsome shspe. uniform growth, purple top. V, lb.
lie, '/, lb. 21c, 1 lb. 40c, 4 lbs. 11.40, postpaid.
Fp §2 C      "'"■ haiidaurni-)y illustrated 10-1-page catalogue nf
■ a mm ana      V#>g«'tet>!e, Farm and Flower Heed.. Plants, Bulbs,
Poultry Huppllea, Garden Implement., etc., for 1911.   Hend for it.
John A. BrUCe & CO., Ltd. Hamilton, Ontario
Eetebliahed Slaty-one Yeare.
Vigorous Health ^ff^K-^JK
|**od dictation.
ton* up weak slomschs—supply Ihe dlfesUvt (ulces which are IseWnf—ensure
your food belnr properly converted Inle brswn snd sinew, red Meed end active
Drain.   50c a ban tt your dm j fists or (rem 32
Nail**aal Ores sad fAeastssj C*. ol Canada, UaeHod.     ....
NO TEAR8
NO BUTTON TROUBLES
for tho nun who wears guaranteed
KING OF THE ROAD
OVERALLS
"THE BETTER  KIND"
Just comfort ami satisfaction. This i« insured by
tho excellence of the plan on which they nro built, the
high grade quality of tho material used, and tho thoroughness with which they nro nutda.
Don't   woll"  nii'l    think    to   yourself,   " I    have   seen
those ads. before," but try n pair for yourself.   Every
pair is (funrunteed, so there'fl no risk on your part.
lihi.ir-.ri.in ii of No. 188*
HlsU.lt Denim inl- Over-
ill, mul Nn. 2hH, I.liu.k
ttt-iiim Cokt. iiiiiiri.ii-
toed 8-M. denim u-*-il.
If your dealer doesn't keep our brand, write direct to
R. J. WHITLA & CO., UNITED
WHOLESALE  DISTBIBUTOM, WINNIPEG THK 1SLANDKK, CTTMm-.Ui.AND
■"aw
C."--S!
^qpHE MAGNET CASH STOREJjj;
esxM
^STOVES, RANGES,
FURNITURE
AND A
COMPLETE
HOUSEHOLD
furnishing Establishment
T. IE. B-A-TIE
CUMBERLAND, B.C.
fe*T
WATCH   THIS   SPACE
FOR PARTICULARS OF
Ou
JL
'Red Tag
Sale.
Dency Smith
MILLINER
AND
DRESSMAKER,
gs?'^?*^ ^■f SMS aa aa/avEHi -a |
(Opposite Courtenay Opera House.)
Latest Paris and New York
Fashions.
Hats and Bonnets Executed in Any Style.
The 'IDEAL' STORE
Is now open for business
with a nice fresh stock of
every thing good to cat.
Men's Pit Boots, Underwear,
Overalls, Shirts, Etc., Etc
»«*»*» -***SB).e«-
((
1/
McRae, Acton & Hayman
Dunsmuir Avenue.
(Siddall's Tailor Shop.)
PIANOS?
It would be to the advantage of intending
Purchasers to inspect our large stock of well
known Pianos before maktng a final selection. Our stock is comprised in part of the
Renowned—
Gerhard Heintzman
Canada's Premier Piano.
Kobjer & Campbell.
Morris, and
Weiler Pianos.
CORRESPONDENCE INVITED.
Fletcher Bros.
The Music House,    Nanaimo, B.C.
NOTICE TO CONTRACTORS,
School, Diamond ('bobbin,..
SEALED TENDERS-!, superscribed
"Tender for School house, Diamond
Crossing," will be received liy the
Honourable the Minster of Public
Works up to 12 o'clock noon, of Wed-
neadiiy, lite 13lh tiny -f .lime, 1912,
t'oi-llie erection and coni|ileiion of a
large oni'-rooin frame school-house nt
I liaiuoiid Crossing in I In* Newcastle
Electoral Distrlot, JJ.t".
I'lana, specifications, coiitrni't, and
forms of tender nun- lie seen on and
rier the 22nd duy of May, 1912, at
ihe ollii-ea of II. (i. Shepard, Esi|.
Secretary of the School Hoard, Lwly*
-uiilli; ihe tioveinui. hi Agenta. Cum
I...Hand and Nuiini'iiu; end the he
piiitiiient of I'm lie Works, Parliament
Buildings, Victoria,
Each proposal must he accompanied
by an accepted cheque or certificate of
lepositon u chartered bunk of Canada,
made payable to the Hononil.le the.
Minister of Public Works, fur tlie sum
of #226, which shall lie forfeited if ihe
party tendering (Incline to enter into
contract when called upon to do so, nr
il he fail to complete the work con
traded for. The cheques or certificates'
of deposit of  unsuccessful   tenderers
I lie returned to them upon the execution of the contract,
Tenders will not be considered
unless made out on the forms supplied,
signed wiih the actual signature of the
tenderer, and enclosed in the envelopes
furnished.
Tne lowest or any tender not neccs-
sarily accepted.
J. E. GRIFFITH,
Public Works Engineer
Deparlmrnt ot" Public Works,
Victoria, B.C., May 18th, 1912.
MAIL CONTRACT
SEALED TENDERS, addressed to
the PoHtinusler General, will be received at Ottawa un.il noon, ou Fri
day, the 26th July, 1912, for the cou
veyanc of His Majesty's Mails, on a
proposed contract for four years, thiee
Limes   per   week   cucli way, between
OUMliGIUdN/-* and
M'A'IN.IVALI'..
the re-idinceof Mr. N. Harvey, in the
Miulo School l>is rict, where n p.is -
nili.'i- may he established, fiom tin
PostmaHler-Qoiierat's pleasure.
Printed notices containing fiirtlici
information as to conditions of pro
posed contract may lie seen n sit I blank
forum of tender obtained at the post*
tli. o ai Cumberland, uud at the riai
rience . f M r. Harvey, Sprlngviile, uml
at tlieollic of the Post Ollice Inspector.        E. II. FLETCHER.
Pest Ollice Inspector,
Post Office Inspector's Office,   Victoria,
lt.C„ilayH\sl, 1812.
CgiS)
ega
GRAND OPENING of the
CUMBERLAND DEPARTMENTAL
STORES on Saturday, June 30th
With nn entirely new stock of Groceries, Dry Goods, Gents
Furnishings, Clothing, Roots and Shoes, House Furnishings
and   Furniture.   Hardware.   Enamelwarc, Crockeryware,
Glassware, Drugs, Stationery, etc., etc,
To celebrate the occasion and as an   acknowlecgemcnt for
the kind support wo have already received, we are making
a CASH DISTRIBUTION of *5,00U.
Call, write or phone for particulars
P. 0. Box 100 Phone 10
(S--P
Cumberland Departmental Stores,
W. A. Wagenhauser F. P. Onate
Capital $6,200,000 Reserve 97,000,000
THE ROYAL BANK
OF CANADA
Drafts Issued In any currency, payable all over the world
SPECIAL ATTENTION paid to SAVINGS ACCOUNTS, and Inter
highest current rates allowed on deposits of 91 and upwards
CUMBERLAND, B.C., Branch—   —   —     OPEN DA»V
UNION WHARF, B.C., Sub Branch-OPEN THURSDAVr
D. M. Morrison,  Manager
COURTENAY, B.C. BRANCH OPEN DAILY
Wm. H. Hoff,  Manager.
Synopsis of Coal Mining Regulation*.
COAL mining rights of the Dominium
in Munitobn, Saskatchewan and Alberta,
tlia Yuk".. Territory. theN.-rthweit Terri
t.irieAm.tlii.a portion cf (he Province of
British ON nn bin, may be leased for a term
■if twenty-one yuan ar mi annual r.-iitu] of
Slaniicre. Not more thnn 2,500 acres
will bi'le-HRfd tn one applicant.
Application for a lease must be made by
i hu applicant in person to the Agent or sub
Agont of the district in which the rights
applied for are tutunted.
In surveyed territory the laud must be
described bv sections,or legal subdivisions
ofaeotinni, «n.i in unsuivtyed lerriiory
the tract applied for shall he staked uut by
(heapp'icHitt himself.
Eti ii application must he aceompanied
by a fee of $6 which will be refunded if the
-ikhta Hpplied forare not available, but not
otherwise. A royalty shall be paid ou the
nierelihiiruMe output of the mine at the
rate of live cents per ton.
The person operating the mine shall
furnish the Agent with sworn returns ac*
minting for the full quantity of merch
an table coal mined and piy the royalty
thereon. If the c-^al iniuiag rights are
not being operated, such returns all id I be
fur. ished at least once a year.
The lease will include the coal minim-
right* only, but the I s»ee may be permitted to purchase whatever available sur
face rights may be considered necessary
f*»r tht- wi rkingof ihe mineat the rate of
glOOOauace.
For full information application should
he made to the Secretaiy of ihe Dep.it
uent of the Imeiior, O'tawt,  or to  any
\j t-iii   rSub Ag. n> • I D -minion Lauds
W   W. CORY,
D< pu'y Minister of ihe li terior.
N H~ UiirtUihoitBrd mibllcatii n of this
dv "i * men   > ill not b    aid for
LISTED
PROPERTY
FOR SALE—Mail', 8 years'old, about.
1790 pounds; also harness, wagon,
ploiiuh and harrow, gnod nuttit fot'
small rancher, Apply Loighton &
Ad«y, Courtenay, U.C.
Tenders Wanted.
HEAI.KI'TKNI>l'.lt9tiiura.*d -Tender for Sidewalk*." will ln> received l.y the iindendKuea up In
tunislay, .Inly ut I. 11112, at ail p Ta., for uie con-
sinieliini of eellieiii Hidewalsa to the llty of Cum-
herlatid. Finn, and .{lei-irlratluria may be seen at
tlie office of llie City Clerk, I l-ml-erlamt. BO.
The work will contain 41111 cable yard, of All, aad
710 cubic yard*, of cement, more or leaa.
Form, of lender may lie obtained- from the City
Clerk, and ah tender, must be iiccorapaaUd by a
marked choqne for the eiim of Slot), aaid chat,us to
lie returned to unsuccessful tenderers. i
The lowest or any tender not tieoe*m*11y accepted
A. McKlNNUN. cttyclssk
City Hall, cuiuberimitl, ll.c, June lull, Ml
NOTICE ia hereby given that
lie 20l.li day (ifjutm ni'XI application
-vill be nindc to the Board uf Licence
Ciiinuiissinntirs lor tin- City of Cumber
I'tiitl for the transfer of Hu- licence for
lie sal. of liquor l.y retail in und up in
ilie premise*, known as tlie New Eng
Innd Hotel situate on Dunsmuir /he,,
Cumberland, U.C', fr in Juines 11,
»\ alter* tn Joseph B. Walker.
.1 //. Wallers, holder of license.
J. 15, Walliel, •ippiioailt.
Dated thi* 14th day of June, 101*2, at.
Cumuet'lnnd, B.C.
\'\>lt HALE—Gootl tlairy cows; also
Separator, Apply E. W. Clark,
Hern by Island,
NOTICE is hereby given that on
the 29th tlay oi June next application
will Im made to the Board of Licence
Commissioners for the City of Cumberland for the transfer of the licence for
tlie sale of litjuor'by retail in and upon
ihe premises known as fhe Vendome
Hotel, siiiiated on Dunsmuir Avenue,
in the City of Cumberland, Province
of British Columbia, from Tlioinne
Wilson and Allie.rt Brainberg to .Robert S. Robertson of the City of Cumberland, B.C.
Thomas Wilson,
Albert Brnmberg,
Holders of Licence.
R, S. Kuheitcon,
Applicant for Transfer
Dat il this 18th day of June, 1012,
-   at Cumberland, ii. C.
FOR SALE-Five acres at Union
Bav, [or 81,000. A two-story house
which cost 91,500 on the property.
/IIso 40 fruit trees, Property is (TOO
feet from.C.P.R, Railway. Terms uud
particulars at this office.
FOR SAI/E-58 acres smith J nf section 82, Nelson Diatrict. adjoining the
Minto School house. Also a Cement
Block-making machine, with brick at
tachment. The chance of a lifetime
for anyone desirous of going into the
cement block ami brick-making business, See BICKLE, the Real Estate
.Man,
Fifteen acres of good land; six
acres cleared; three acres in
market garden containing raspberries, strawberries, etc.
A new five roomed house,
chicken house, barn. etc.
A  good  running stream   of
spring water right at the door.
Also 200,000 feet of standing
fir timber.
Price   $3750.
E. W. Bickle,
Real Estate
FOR SALE-Two-story house, containing 0 rooms, mi full sized lot,
Cleared, fenced, ami planted wiili fruit
trees. A bargain, Part cash and
terms 'O suit purchaser. Apply E. W.
BIOKLE,
KOIt SALE--SO cows, Jersey antl
..liter breeds' gnod stouk. Fin- furihes
particulars apply F. MONACO.
FOII 3A/.B—(SO Htii'king pigs; 18.00
ench. Applv Hubert. Sollan,
Hornby Island, B.C.
F. PIKE,
Plastering   Contractor,
Cement  Work.
COVRTEHAY
B.C.
NOTICE
Jiiniberland & Urii. n Waterworks Co.
Aimited
Sprinkling will be allowed only two
lights a week,  viz.,  TUESDAY  and
'mrvAY. from 7 till :» o'clock iii 'Le
evening.
L anj tap8( must'be attended  in at
■ice.
Any changes or additions to existing
iping must be sanctioned by the com-
i.tny. By Order,
L. W. Nunns, Sec.
Cumberland, B.C., Juiie'JOtii. 1012,

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