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The Islander Nov 26, 1910

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Flanet. Silk and Net
From  75c to SS.50
i -
idm the Display of
h\Sbl/'tyeis Goods and Blouses
No 26
Woodman   G-t;<   Extreme Penalty for
0«. i'u'o Woodm-m appeared   before
Me-wis   Will ml ivml Sliaw J'n, I'	
Tuesday uiglib charged with an attempt,
to ii.nniliil rape upon Mrs Dirkcs of
thi* city; Inn after listening to tl i"
evidence it w»a decided upon th» advice
of the procming attorney, Mr. Harris
oo, to reduce the charge to one of com
inon assault as evidence was harilly
sufthent to make a conviction umli'i'
the graver charge probable if the prisoner was sent up for trial, while the
evidence was ample to secure a eon-
vict:on for nssnlt.
The trial was held liehiliil closetl
The prisoner pleaded "not guilty'1
to I lie first charge.
Mrs Dirkes Wing called told the
following story;—She knew the neous-
eil who hail boarded at the house for
the previous five weeks. She went
up stairs to take down the I■>•< 1 thai
her husliand had died on, mid after
this had been done started to leave
the room to get a broom lo sweep the
fli'or, when the accused had put his
arms around her and held her. She
told him to let go but be tightend his
hold and pushed her into Knottier room
and she cried out for help. The ac
cused theronpon threw her on the bed
and she cried out for her little daughter Christina, whereupon he let go of
her, anil she started down stairs where
she met hor daughter coining up. She
immediately sent for her neighbor
Mrs. Monks.
Mrs. Monks being called and sworn
stated that she had been called by Mis.
Dlrkes between 8 nnil 4 o'clock antl
on going over found her crying on tin
porch. On her way over she met Unaccused, but be had refused to anawed
when she enquired what was the matter. Mrs. Dirkes hod innde the smuc
statement to her that she had made in
Christina Ditkes, eleven year old
daughter .f Mf- Dukes being called
stated that site did not iiiiow the nut
ure of an oath Being asketl if she
knrw what would happen to her :f
she told a lie, sin replied "g • to jail.'
She corroborated the evidence of hei-
motlit i- about  crying twice for help
Tbt prisoner then niade a statement
in bis own behalf!— He said be wa
a miner ami boniilei) at rite home of
Mrs. Pirkos. He lmd gone home-the
day previous about i o'clock, nnd had
sat tt Iking for nbout an hour with
Mrs. Ditkes (whose husband had heen
buried the day prerivuis) about the
c.reiiin-taiici's of the family. rs
Ditkes had aske i bis to help hike
down the led her husl-and hud died
in nnd he had dine so Sin had
t .ml uhil he w s doing ibis will,
one hand on Ins shoulder, and c m
inenccd talking and smiling at him
after which they hall walked into at
adjoining room and stood there Mr-.
Dukes said "I don't think Christian
is in the house" and when they hat
tuined lo sit on the bed sho called out
Cross examined the Moused said
that Mrs. Dirkea had kept her ham
on his shoulder for about i) minutes
it was her left band. They were fining each other and talking about tin
financial circumstances of Mis. Ditkes
Mrs Dirkeshad suggested going int.
the room. She had said, "leis wall
in hero," while he innde no re
ply. They walked side by side. Sin
had asked hint to "stand hy her" bin
he still made no reply and considers
none necessary. Neither of them Inn
sat on the bed and be bad not plapet
a band on her. She had hollered ou
once only and not in a loud torn
and did not. seem excited. Hi
thought she imagined that Clnistii:
was coming up stairs and he was sui
Routint BusinessTrans
acted on Monday
The Council met. at the Counoll
Clambers oil Monday nighl, Utei-e lie
lug present, the Mayor, and Aldermen
Mi-I.i-.hI, Stewart and Brown
The minutes were disposed of as
A communication was received
from Mr Nuiiiih re insurance on oily
property, stating that in view of the
fact that a gasoline engine had heen
installed iii a portion of the City Hall
it would he necessary to cancel the
policy now in force and which expires
next September, nnd to replace it with
another at a rate of 3 \/0 as the properly was now regarded as a hazardous risk. This is an increase of over
2 % on the rule formerly charged
It was decided to re-insure the pro*
perty at the increased rate, antl to
raise the rent of the Moving Picture
Hall to *?H5.t)0 per ill mill, with lights
extra to oil'set the increase insurance.
A communication was receivrd
from Mr. Manson M. P, P. informing
i be council that the city's request
re the government's banking account,
in this city bad  heen complied   with.
A tender wns received from Mr A.
E. McQunrriu for lining the Pest
House with ship lap and to put doors
and windows in the same for $120.
It was decided that ship lap would
not be a suitable material for lining,
and it was left in tlie hands of the
Mayor to make thu best bargains possible in having the place fixed up in a
satisfactory manner,
Alderman Brown wanted to knew
why it was necessary to have new
doors mid   windows mid was   iuforni-
1 that they had been removed
from the building hy some unknown
Bills U> Ihe amount of 359.47 were
eferred to the Finance Comniitiee ns
Eleciiic Light Co    87.0f>
It. Grant ,fc Co       2 27
C. II. Tarbell      IMS
X. K. Banks       5(jO
Alderman Brown mid McLeod were
appointed   members   of   the court uf
It was resolved that a bylaw he
drawn up by the City Solicitor for the
extension nf the city limits, the bylaw
to be voted upon by tbeuleotoi'S nt the
time of the election for Mayor uuo
Free Board and Lodging Provided for
Thnt'' ere two cases tried before
,1's. IV W Hard hoi: Shaw at, tbeCouri
House Monday night, as a result of
which two individuals who drank not
wisely but too much of the booze tlmt
makes men drunk, will have frte
keep ii' thu governments expense for
some time lo come.
Mr. Ito-ey, who admitted having
Is-en on a "busi' pleaded guilty of
having supplied whiskey to Indians
and was given the ohoice f a tine of
$50 or 30 days in Nanilimojail. Not
having the requisite and necessary to
pay the fine it was Hobs ill's choice
with Mr Hosey who left, on Tuesday
morning for Nuiiatino accompaii ed hy
constable Stevenson where be will so
jiiiirn during the next moon.
The other case was uga'tist Indian
Wil-oo of the Cape Muilge tribe who
wns Recused of having broken into Mc
Pliee it Morrisons store at Courtenay oi
tins night of the 17th inst,. and u
hstructiug iherefrom a several year-
supply of hoots and shoes and gents'
furnishings of all kinds.
Entrance tn the store had la-en
made by breaking the front window
and after upsetting the furnishing department, the safe hail been tampered
Constable Stevenson upon taking up
the case discovered that Indian Wilson had been seen in Courtenay hue
that night, with a generous amount of
lire wnUtr in his system.
Mr. Stevenson discovered Wilson
in Indian rluniiltons bungalow on tin
Comox i-anoherie. Under the aeons
eds pillti - he found a patent kind nt
heels In longing to a pair of shoe* similar to some carried in siock and mis
ised hy Mcl'heei Morrison.
These shoes were of very peculiar
construction and carried by no
other merchants on tin- island.
Confronted w-ith such evidence Ind
inn Wilson admitted bis guilt, am
leading thu constable to a barn dugii|
the rest of Ids plunder (mm under some
hny, exp o-sed his regret for his
theft and ottered tu pay MoFhet
li J/tirriFon for thoir good-i abducted.
Mr. MoPhoe of McPbee & Moi-
risiui readily iih ttiitiied the goods in
court, Mid Indian Hamilton told ot
Wilson initio overloaded with bonze
and returning from Courtenay at ;
a, in
Wilson was committed for trial ami
ins sent down to Nanaimo.
ARE winner;
Mixtures Lost  Game
on Sunday, Four
to One
Almost at the start No. 5 wns Riven a
free kick on a foul with no result   an
giadually theba'l wu worked buck int
No. 6 territory and remained there  until W, Sutherland received s kick which
•topped the guitie for a few minute*.
At Ihe throw up the ball wa* carrin'
to centre, where it waa handled by i
Mixture and in the resulting penally tin
ball just iniased the sticks, but ttayed iu
the Mixture'* territory until J. William,
wa* aucceuful in putting it through the
At the kick-off the ball tee-sawed fot
awhile but finally settled in No. 6'* h*lf
and the. Mixture, were awarded a cor.
ner which wu laved by 6'* detenu and
the ball remained around No. ,5'* goal
until half time without further scoring.
At the kick off the ball wa* handle.;
hy a Mixture, but No. 6 failed to inn
prove their adv.ut.ige and the ball wa
again carried to the other end. J. Suth
erbn d evened tlie score. When play began again the No. 6 forward* brok
away with the ball and T. Carney pu
i he miners' 1 in the lead.
Again Ne. 5 carried the ball to Mixture'* goal and made lively time* for a
bout five minutes until A. Boothman a-
gain put the pigskin through.
Both sides then indulged in considers
ble handling aud free kick* were num
emus, but No. 5 finally worked the ball
to their opponents' goal and sucoeedei
in getting two comers which were not ii
The Mixtures then caarit d the bad  >
to the other cud and two more cor en
Just before time waa called No. 5 ac
ain gut away with the ball and A. Booth-
man put another through, leaving tin
•core 4 tu 1 in favor of No. 6.
McLeod's Store Entered Early Thursday
While onaUblo McLman was pat
bug his beat about three-thirty a. ill
>n Thursday laat, he noticed » bulgin:
•ck at the rear of McLeod's alore ii
he alleyway.
Upon investigation he found the bap
o be tilled with swag c- nsistiug uf s ham.
-.«o sides of bacon and a couple pair ol
blanket., which Ima evidently been n-
nuvod fiom the bastmieut of Hie Conic-
Store, entrance having been mad
through a basement window.
The  thief had  evidently heard tb
approach of the  city'a night guardian an
ecamped hurridly.
Mr. McLennan took possession of tie
ilunder, and leaving a companion h
uard the store he put the booty in i.
dace of safety   and aroused   Mr.   Mc
To those who have been   with   un   in
a   bereavement ami by   kind words anil
k  dlj itcis have t led so lessen    ur snow, we extend our sincere thanks,  al.o
to tliosu who sou* so many Horn' tributes,
Mas. K Diukes ash Family.
(ii-'sed when the charge was   laid.
lu answer to Mr Wilhnd accino
mid that he bad bud one or twi
Ir nks.
In reply to Mr Shaw he stated thu
ic thought that Mrs Dirkes bm
neaiit trying to get more boarder
vhen she asked him to stand bv
Mr. Harrison expressed the opinion
chat the accuseds stiitment was a lie,
vitli which ihe bench   agreed.
The J's.P. after some discussion, am
-onferi'ing witli the prosecuting at tin-
ney   dismissed   the case, but humid
itely proceeded    aga list   the ucctisei
ipon n charge of "common assult."
To tins charge he pleaded '-guilt)
nd in sentencing the prisoner to tw.
nontlis lim-il labor iu Victoria jail, Mi
iVillurd J. V. regretted that the lav
.lid not ullo-.v the inlliullim of a iiion
oeveie punishment,
Mr. McLeod is convinced that the cul
ill is nu stranger in the city and mm
i.ileed have had some slight kuuwledg
f the premises.
lu the morning the footprints of tin
ibber could be plainly seeu iu the sof
-round frum which   it   was  learned In
.v.is wearing miners bout* of about num
bur 7 size.
Although this is the first time that ai
attempt has been made upon one uf tin
business houses of the town it is statu
hat the theft of provisions has becon
plite prevalent iu the cly of late.
Provincial    Champions to Play Here Week
From To-Morrow
Ladysmith is coming! When SecreUry
Dalby accepted the challenge ol the provincial champions  fur home  and home
m itches, and ou behalf • f the heal football club guaranteed the expenaea of the
.isitora on their first trip on   December
I h. he did so conditionally' and the cun*
ii ions were that the boya from the Suiel-
ur City bring with them  the very beat
that can  be got   together   in   Lady-
smith, iii-la'tw)
' The locals are confidential their ability
o put it all the provincial champs, and
hey want the honor of beating the beat
hat the visitors can bring with th«ra.
The date of the return game in   Lidy-
uiith ha* not yet been   arranged,   but
be   locals will take advantage   of the
ipnurtuiiity when   the time  arrive* to
.rrange a match   in  Nanaimo with the
epreseutatives of that city aa well.
Tomorrow the Mixtures and No. 5
nine play aud upon the individual showing of the players will depend the per-
onelle of the team that will represent
ids city on the field of battle the following Sunday.
. Mr-. Siinuis cm receive more pupil;
nil- piano lessons da ly (except Tues
lay) at any tiin-i by arrangement,
Camp Cumberland
The death nocured laat Saturday of
Mrs. Jane Hannay, wife uf Mr. Jcurej
The late Mra Hannay had heen in
ii or health for a considerable time, but
iier condition was not considered serious
■in.ugh for immediate alaim, and death
lame unexpectedly while she w»* titling
in her etiair.
ihe waa a native of Bedlington North-
unhorland,  Kngland, wai   63 years of
,ge, and is survived by her husband aim
even  suns'Junes, of this city, Thorn*
i aiding in Ladyamith, John, Jeffrey and
■surge of Nanaimo, Robert living in
Yukon' while another sin William  ami
ou  married   daughter*  reside  ill the
id country,
the remains Were taken to N oiainr
.here   euterineut tnuk place
Union Bay.
R. M .S. Zilnndiii, bunkered ho.i
nnil cleared for Vancouver Tbtir
Mr. T. LeClair left for Belliugba
on Sunday.
Mr. Geo. Homo nf Nanaimo is tin
guest of Mrs and Mrs Kred Brown.
Mr. and Mrs. Venn, who have lieei
the guests of Mr. and Mrs. Frei
Hrown left on Tuesday.
Mrs Wm. Graham of New Wesi
muster who has been tlie guest, nf he
biter, Mrs. Wm. Carter, left for Inhume uu Tuesday's  bout.
The lsiys of the 11. M. S. Zelandin
■ssisted by local talent entertninei
the Citizens' of Union Bay to a grain:
conceit ill Humphrey's ball on Moti-
lay evening last, tin- programme nl
twenty-four nuinbors being appreeial
•iI by all, some of these responding t<
ree and f.ur encores, it is tlie in
tent-ion on their return visit to boh
mother encert in aid of the pulilii
library nnd promises to exceed any
iu the d.strict
Further Musings of a Mulnight Phil
isopherhave been received at this office,
nir owing to its late arrival we havi
Men compelled to hold it over until
ior next issue.
The Courtenay farmer*   who «ever I
mars ago  bonded their cual rights to
Vancouver company, and who have sine,
uimled the same rights to another com
,iany  for a higher figure under the in
■ressiou that  the lint mentioned bom
a I    expired,   have   now   been surv.
vith   writs for tho   fulfillment of    tin
. ,rm of the fiist option   given and ii
ores! ing legal duvelopmuiit. are pr misee
i'roceediogs hsvo    al.o    been     takei
gainat one  of the  fannera concernn
f * fraud.
Bnrn~On Nov.  25th to the wife   ol
dr. J Williamson, a sun.
When thu Nanaimo boat failed to strive on Wednesday night, it upset i ho
nlans of the local Eagles, wfe. had planned a great, "smoker" witli an ampb>
abundance of liquor and other refresh
ments in honor of Deputy Grand President Lynch of New Westminister aud a
Urge numbers uf Nanaimo brothern who
were to assist iu conferring the degre.
work upon a large number of applicants
'or Initiation, Although disappointed nt
he u mm rival of the brethern
the local Magics managed to do ample
justice tu the good thing, provided an
iho social session lasted till nu
hour ui the next muruiug.
I'o the Editor Islander.
Sir:-After takiug time to study ou'
,he platform you drew up and publiahei
n yuur paper, permit me to congratul
te yuu, not only upon it iu particular
tut alao on the public spirit you hav.
iliuwn in taki g the matter up.
We Cumberlanditea h.ve had the emp
ty hour  of being called a city for sone
*ear*, hut   our   public   leaders— heavei
wve Ihe mark—with one, or at moat tw.
■xcepiinn*, have been so   bloated   with
lietr self importance that .uch a   thin.
mi a platform or definite policy never en
lured  tlieir head*, they juat  struggled
into office any loose way and  when in,
had no idea of doing much except keep
ing down the taxes un their own propei-
ty.    A proper sanitary, or in any sense n
i.-nliliy city, received little consideration
■ ur splendid water and light services ar.
titltel) due to private enterprise.
due example uf limit pant will suffice.
they passed a p uud by-law only applicable to twelve hours out of the twenty
four, and one of the aldermen allnwiu,
liis cow to roam round into people',
latdena or anywhere else. Shu liappuuei.
-1, get into the city pound, and iustea.
if supporting and atandiug by thu by-lav
lie squealed tu beat tho band; now he
Is again a Ciiizens' League candidate.
Will he accept the plank e. forcing  thu
loiuid by*law ?
Wo havo now in the field two candi-
lates fur the mayor's chair, one, Mr.
Bate, nominated by a fraction ol our
-If appointed Citizens'League; some go
so far as to say entirely in the sole inter-
on of two of its member*.
Now, how can Mr. Bate accept and
uii.estly try to carry out your plank in
i -ie platform, "An up-to-date sewerage
i stem,"—.which platform ha* been en-
inrsed by the Citizen's League—it it well
nown and can be proved that
e opposed this publicly, privately and
iy letter. Unless he publicly state* that
ie ha* seen he was mistaken and now
iees it is necessary for public health, but
t ia aaid that at the laat- meeting of the
League, he atated that he wa* a* much a-
aiust it as ever, aud nothing would
please him better than to publicly discuss
it. with anyone that it was a mistake and
unvise for the city.
It is also s nd that a resolution moved
t une uf the League meetings that all
heir candidates should send iii their reflation in the ovent uf not keeping
heir pledge to carry out the platform
vaa strongly opposed by Mr. Bate*, who
<aid il waa an insult to aak such a thing.
Tho other candidate, Mr. McDonald,
lias already, advocated at least, part of
the platform and tried to get it carried
.ut during the last two year* and lays
hat he is iu favor uf it in its entirity; so
here appears to be a clear issue boforo
fie electors.
Your* etc.
The funeral uf the late Frederick Dir-
<es took place laat Sunday fun the
niiily reaidence, and later tu the It-
diatt cemetery, the Rev, Mr. Lahore
The list of floral tributoa were aa fob
Wreath:- Mr and Mra Tobacco, Mr
md Mr. I'icketti, Mra and Mra Scavar-
iii, Mr and Mrs Huggio, Mr and Mra V.
i'apella, Mr and Mia J Wobaier, Mia*
VI. Webster, Mr and Mrs V. Marinelli,
VUry Monks, Mrs Jno. Msrcihi. Mr
oid Mrs Kred Good, Mr ami Mi* Ed.
Ilnsborg, Mr and Mrs V Franciula, Mr
md Mrs Korciuie.
Cross Webster Bros., Mr and Mr* J
Webster, Mdia Glovanola, Mr* Dill-
The pull hoarers were:
C. Kubrycht, Ed. Ginsberg, V. Maruichi, M. Marinelli, Sylvia Marocchi, G.
Dr. D. E. Kerr dentist is in town and
.nay be found at tlie Cumberland Hulol
during most uf next week. TUK ISLANTrttrt. OtlMBBRLAND, B.C
muoha has shown ye (-lay*1 v'i'V'S.
havo individuality, Su.-i* [ifcc ur'/'
pie.     Thoy  nm  l,r. petto<f jit)dj Iftyf  :C
od"   likf   children;   thoy   un ti   'Acq
bud habits jUkiaj xyuim '"ii." nud women;
and   thgJwfMtj T11'^ »ml   decrepit
To mo, therefore, h stomach is something moro than a. muscular poueh bus-
ponded in tho loft side oi the abdomen
just undor the ribs- -"something moro
also than jut. intricate piece oi plumbing. It is iv living creature,' with whims
aud ca^h-us*-jniul it is ono of tho must
helpless alia moBt ^rudaud nveuluiVs' in
thi' world. .Acuu clott my, eves aud
recall ouo jfnoWjfoidtJ'    '
orry,  grief,  dissipation".
~ ______ .^^^^^ _.      _     irti   tooKlteMy/.^asoiieij,;  upd,
with*    sfo F^PinJPfl iritti-rnn, .If thCcdtaM It?: l^fi0-i.Cti"ll l<*Jkfiggli£& fmokiug   or'dnukin;
alls the
lu? awakes-wjth nil, tbo, symptoms of
the "morufng: ajherjjy There has boon
sufficient! tiiipjf |t|r hi in, tqj absorb a large
amount of poison, giving aim a wretched headache a sick stomach, and a
*'dark-brown " taste. Men who seldom
drink are the greatest sufforers iu this
way; habitual drinker^ hceom.o-moro or.
less accustomed to those poisons,' ' '
More are two oases which show what
when   tho   stomach'   suddenly*
^^^^^^^^^^ it.Mjr ntt
as a "settlement" workor
children nt' the slums.
Some years ago I was called to
baity Kj^ui||oiitl)hol|| ..uul weighing only
seven pounds, it Was a '|>'oor, wi/.eno'd
little mite with nu over hungry look '
its oyoSj and it pre-cnted a most pitiful
Appearance. Somehow, looking at it
you folt as if yon Would Un anything to
help it. I loomed that it had been a
tine, healthy child until it was about
four month-; old. Tlm mother said thnt
it then began to sptt up all its fond.
She impressed it upon me that the baby
didn't seem sick at the atomach at all.
It just spit up its food and gradually
lost weight. She told mo that she hnd
tried every thing in the way of food
without being iilde to find anything
that could bo rotafcud. fihe went ovor
the list of what alio, had tried, a list
which included CVTM'y known patent
food in addition Id bread, gravy, potatoes, eggs, cliickeji, and ao ou. The
child wus literally starving; it would
seize upon any hint of food with the
greatest eagerness, but tho stomach
was no irritated mid hurt by bad feeding that it rojootod everything at once.
I explained to tho mother that an
infant's stomach was uut like a grown
person's; that it will not digest food
that would be perfectly good for even
an older child, for it, is not provided
with complete digestive glands and
juices; that as it crow older these
would develop—provided thoy were not
OTerworked while tho little stomach
was still in an undeveloped state. I
told her that tho stomach of au Infant
is not placed in the, samo position that
it occupies in later Ufo, boing mote
nearly upiignt, ;uui that when it gets
full it simply runs avef as a bottl
would, which accounted for the fact-
that the baby did not seem sick when
it spit up its food.
Then followed a long, hard tight for
the baby's life. H was hard to con
viuce the mother that the baby wouldn't starve if it didn't got everything
that it wanted to eat; that the stomach
can do only a certain amount of work;
ami that when overworked even by too
much good food it rises in revolt. Finally, 1 explained that if overfeeding
is persisted in, there somen a timo
when nothing can bo digested. The
glands which should develop aud pour
out the digestive juice stop from over
work, and the child dies from starvation. In this case tho damage had already been dono; hi spite of the most
devoted treatment, the child died.
The well-moaning friend or relative
who thinks that 'Hhe poor little thing
is starving and should be fed moro"
often does an amount of harm which
nothing can correct. No matter how
simple the food an infant may be getting, or how little, if the child looks
well and is contented and is gaining
woight, thai food is sufficient.
1 was called to sen another child
about two years ago which had developed a persistent favor, Tho mother
had tried quinine and all tho household
remedies that she could hour of, yot
tho child grow gradually weaker, paler,
and thinner, and had n constant fever.
T found it fretful and peevish. It cried
on ail occasions, lnorbing pleased or
interested it. Tito stools wore full of
mucus, aud it seemed to be in constant
pain. The mother, who was vory intelligent, insisted that the diet was all
right, but I was equally sure thore had
been an error somowhero, Hy treatment and rigid diet ten condition improved somewhat, but the child did not
got well. After a week or two, I hap*
pened to bo present one day when an
aunt who lived in the house came in
and offered the child two or three eho-
folate drops. 1 asked hor if hIio had
boon in the habit of giving the child
candy. She said, "Why, yes, I give
her chocolate drops nearly every day."
When I told her that iu all probability
her kindness was responsible for tho
child 'a com!il inn, she was iudiguant;
but after I had insisted that she discontinue it tlif baby rapidly recovered
its usual health.
Very often these children roeover and
grow up i" b'' weak and sickly men
ind women who have chronic, dyspepsia
and indigestion, I huve under my care
now a man who has had indigestion nil
his life, His pleasures of outing ure
paid for with interest, for he never
eats heartily without suffering after
ward. The glands of liis stomach novo
never been fully developed, aud he can
not digest properly. Added to this,
md caused by it, is a tendency to
faint on the sliffhtOBt provocation. Ho
nays that ho inherited "stomach-trim
hie"; as a matter of fact, it was forced mi him when a child by a fond but.
foolish parent.
Many of the stomachs 1 have known
have summoned me to their aid on
"tho morning after fl night out." In
order to understand what has happened
in such cases, it, is necessary to remeui
her thnt the stomach is lined with a
delicate membrane which is full of
glands; the.-e glands manufacture what
we call "gastric juice '--chiefly hydro
chloric acid ami pepsin with water.
When food enters the stomach this
juice is poured out to dissolve or digest
the food. When alcohol in any form
is taken into the stomach if sets in the
samo way but much more quickly than
food. After tnking a drink or two,
a man becomes hungry nnd thirsty;
eating and drinking to excess, he soon
tills his stomach, and the stomach stops
' like a clock. The content* ferment anil
;■ produce a largo amount nf poisonous
gas. This, added to the poison from
the excess of alcohol, is absorbed nnd
produces distressing results, Bven the
action of the heart may bo interfered
with by the pressure nf a stomach dis
.goes on strike.    Some ,tiyie aSQ-1 was
>s lib1* fat HulniiMi
...led to see a young *lufty
thought that she was dying. She had
complained of fooliu-' ill at a neighbor's, and had started home, falling iu
her doorway. I found her heart very
weak, ami site was In*great pain. She
was just able to tell me that she had
eaten a saucer of strawberries at lunch
ami had afterward drunk a glass of
ice water. The result was a complete
stoppage of digestion, with a congestion of the stomach. After emptying
her stomach the worst symptoms were
relieved. Kvidently she had not eaten
too much, but the sudden chill of the
ice-water was sufficient to stop the
action of the stomach.
A man past fifty who had some stomach trouble became overheated one
afternoon. He cooled off rather suddenly under a fan and went to his evening
meal and ate heartily. Immediately
after eating he drank a largo glass of
very cold water. In less than five minutes ho had an acute pain in tho region
of the stomach. A doctor was sent for,
and he found the man suffering greatly,
very weak, and nauseated. In spite of
all efforts to save him, he died of hoart
failure in a few hours.
I often Hnd it necessary to go to the
relief of a stomach that has not enough
acid to enable it to digest the food
When the food enters tho stomach, the
gastric juice pours out as usual, but
it contains so little acid that the pepsin
cannot act. The result is that the man
has a feeling of heaviness as if he had
swallowed a hard-noilcd egg and it had
lodged somewhere and would go neither
up nor down. This is often accompanied by sour belching aud by heartburn.
Nature has mado a wise provision in
this instance. The air is full of germs
that cause fermentation like yeast-
germs, and our food contains many of
them. In health, the acid of the stomach kills them; but if the acid is weak
they increase and ferment, making an
ae.id which partially serves the purpose
of eniisiiig the pepsin to act. The fer-
mentntion is what causes the belching
and heartburn, but as soon as tho acid
is formed, the digestion proceeds, and
the man feels all right till the next
meal. Because of this partial digestion,
these people often look well and retain
their weight for a considerable time,
or until this artificial acid (which is an
irritant! Influences the stomach so that
it will not act at all.
Too much acid is exactly the opposite condition. When the food goes
into the stomach the gaBtric juice is
poured out as usual, but it does not
stop whon the food is digested. Apparently the stomach has lost the power
of knowing when enough acid has heen
made. The excess of acid irritates the
lining of tho stomach and makes it
sore. The stomach, being irritated,
iloes tho only thing that it knows—it
calls for food. Whon more food is
eaten, it mixes with the acid and weakens it. Por a time the hunger-pain
passes off, but it returns as soon as the
stomach is again empty—and so it goes
on causing the sufferer to keep the
stomach full all the time. The symptoms are a burning pain about the end
of the breastbone or "pit of the stomach," and frequently great tenderness. Many women cannot wear corsets that press on this spot for this
reason. Then follow the hunger-pain
and a feeling of emptiness—the "nil-
gone" feeling.
This condition may go on to a worse
one—ulcer of the stomach, Tho sufferer
may oat food containing rough par-
tides, and when the churning or mixing
motion of the stomach occurs thuse
rough particles may scratch the lining.
It may be a tiny scratch, so small that
it could not be seen with the nuked eye,
yet the acid makos it sore. It gets
larger and sorer all the time, just as n
scratch on your finger would be affected
if you should put strong vinegar on it
daily and rub it in. Finally au ulcer
forms and begins to bleed; the man
may split up blood aim think that he
has consumption. Sometimes there is
only a slight pain, and no attention is
paid to it until it Suddenly becomes
serious. Let me Illustrate what I mean.
I was called to see a young lady at
night. She had violent pains in the
abdomen and was "all doubled up."
After relieving her temporarily, I found
thai the symptoms were very much like
those of nppondiettiB, A surgeon was
called and au immediate operation was
agreed upon, The appendix, however,
was found, to be perfectly normal
Looking fur)her, we found a hole iu
I lie stomach about the size of a lead
pencil a clean cut. round hole, as if
a bullet had passed through. It wns
au ulcer of the stomach, which had
eaten through the wall, lip to that
time there had been no pain nor other
evidence of disease,
Another young woman, who had always been stout and healthy, was
taken suddenly with a violent pain iu
her stomach. Ordinary means failed to
relieve it. On the second day 1 noticed
a hard lump or swelling al the pit of
the stomach, I called in a surgeon and
he advised an exploratory operation.
Wi; found a tumor enclosing the end of
tho stomach and an ulcer which had
made a pinhole perforation that allowed the stomach contents to escape. Nature, in au effort to protect the rest of
the abdomen, had thrown up this wall
(the tumor) ami effectually shut in the
escaping material.
Anothor case was that of a man who
was Ihe picture of health. He consult
ed nu1 about rheumatism and did not
say a word about his stomach. He
showed me where the pain wus—iu his
back and on the left side, a place nbout
as big us a silver dollar. He had rub-
bod  liniments  on  it  till  ho was  nearly
Kervotls  iii'tiTgesTimi   Ik   iriTtBT
he, man who has it cannot eat without
ile.    Somo times
[and sometimes
lays a meal will agrei
him, and the next day the same kind
of fond Jd9l^U&a*|ei& lrtjdflBfleration
he leaves raff?ehdva«fcje OtJKnjB after
aunt hor .iW.l'flAtMijfJi's- lcrfi Jben he
gets thin ana cross and looks at life
through dark glasses. Once in a while
he throws caution to the winds and
eats anything that he likes, nnd is much
s\tr|iriBedrto fiftij that -it, floes notrhuat
him. |Then he jumps at the conclusion'
that the las*. tftbMt or pv"H'l0,i *}]M he
bought has cured him; ho repents'tne
same things brought into contact with
w" must.not be hurt or unduly disan
pointed nf tiift^rtitftai;re|gl'etlON-o»i»*hht'
We put the things not of our tempera
Itr out  of focus* /whicik, jttftklu —■
ued   belief   i'V »#]!$#>
of our  iuhere|t||>|.|BiI|>flo
them correctly, a matter wholly \r
people  who loudly  remember
them or
is food
and  tli
meal hext day, and (^jlptf&'tod when he
finds that he suffers" as much ns ever.
Cases like this aro n never-falling
source of revenue to the patent medi
cine maker, who puts up attractive
signs in the street cars nnd snys that
you can eat all you want and when you
want if you will only take his pills
This is one of the hardest forms of
tomach trouble to cure, and it taxes
the most skilful physician to relieve it
It is caused by anything that weakous
f " *"
Frau von llohlon is a woman of very
vast income.
\ tfding to nn .Article in a recent
 ilish Wor
number of the Knglisli worm a' VvorK,
fftit'ul vrini illnhlen is an active, working
 — Of
,.t|t44.r^^si4i.atrrHu^»ifaViU^nj..i>, JjMflfflto S& lm' RSftELi?! .Director!
what they dislike, in tho actual expert
once, and never rtiu the risk of forget
ting, seenu .somehow not at all comoon
led bv tiiPtarlty*W WelV disrlliisjon.
>-"•  *      .un-aWi  .
By Professor A. 6, Isaacs
rliK railroad, folder, with its list of
stations   of   varying   degrees
^v.,ey.v\ y.auu.v
pon irif.4 j.1isl*.! An iaMiMcsA
of humi
furnisht 1   ...
a coutri ranee by which aijjhell packed
with ma jnesium aqd attached toaparn
chute is lir«d"eUM'tiiiiillyjJiglt.itUhe fcrt*/\ - >
thus pr diiciug au illumination of the
ground nenenHi at night.
body or lowers its vitality-
It is, of course, impossible to describe
in one article nil of the different kinds
of troubled stomachs, but it may be
worth while to mention it curious con
dition duo to swallowing air. I saw
a case of a young man who was annoyed exceedingly by excessive ami persistent belching. Ho tried all kinds
nf remedies without result. I found
that he chewed his food with his lips
open, and drank a large quantity of
water with his meals. Ho ate aud
drank rapidly, with the result that l)«
swallowed more air tlian food. By re-j
gulatitig his eating, the belching stopped—aud a source of revenue of patent
digestives was cut off. Bicycle riders
and automobilists who are exposed to
st rong draughts of air are extremely
liable to have this condition unless
they keep the mouth closed and breathe
through the nose.
When a man's stomach begins to g«
wrong, he starts on the down grade. If
it were his watch or his automobile or
his typewriter, he would at once call in
a man who spent his life mainly in
repairing that kind of mechanism—and
not an ordinary blacksmith. Strange
that the same man will allow almost
any kind of doctor to tinker with his
(By Florida Pier)
THERE are certain things thut must
be done every three or four years
in order to be reminded of thoir
wholly unattractive traits. They seem
to. have the faculty of taking on a false
charm, and of passing successfully as
things that you have always longed to
do. It is only on a repetition of them
that you are again disillusioned and
know them in their hollowness. Wading
is a glaring example, nud it is with
pleasure exposed. Any one who has
forgotten the last time she waded and
is falling once more under the charm of
the idea of wading is expected to be
properly grateful for this timely warning. It is frankly admitted that wading
ought to be tho most lyrical of experiences. 'I hat it is not is just one of
those things stupidly and regularly forgotten. The dimpling wator, glinting
pebbles, willows, tiny trout, and hazy
screen of things read about brooks and
their enjoyment might all be resisted,
or at least delighted in, dry shod. But
the idea that wading iB one of the things
that one likes best, that one has always
from early childhood adored it. tricks
one Into the most chill, inconvenient,
and fiat of diversions.
There one sits, conscious thai no other
part of one matches those ridiculous,
dabbling feet, at a loss to explain how
one got in so pointless a predicament.
Which extremity is most ill at ease it
is difficult to say. One's mind has little
patience with this pastoral burst on the
part of two members habitually forgotten, and one's feet feel tlieir effort at
individual enjoyment hns not been a
succofs, and blame it entirely ou the
lack of sympathy in their critical owner.
It is difficult to be sportive in the presence of sane people, and it is hardly to
be wondered at if the brook is left hurriedly, eyes and toes averted, both deep
ly aggrieved that they cannot part com
pnny at the waist and go off in dif
ferent directions.
Wnding is only an example. There
nre other things. Dickens is one of
them, and f'hristmns dinners is a third.
Sleeping out of doors is one so during
in its appeal even-after a recent trial
that it requires great patience to write
of it at all. The marvel of it all, the
thing that makes the subject worthy of
our attention, is the persistency of the
appeal possessed by these events we
ought to know we actively ami without
an Upsetting exception dislike We never
have slept out doors, we have lain in a
marvellous world of stars and learsnuie-
Iv cracking things, until we could have
cried with Bleep, cold, and discomfort,
but we never did sleep, and the next
morning always found us tragic figures
whom it was well to treat with silent
respect. Yot let a mere month pass,
and the phrnse "sleeping out of-doors"
dilutes ear nostrils. lu six months'
time we regard onrsehvs as wild woodland spirits, caged against oar wills,
the better part, of our nature slowly dying for lack of a night in its proper
ITow do some tilings manage to make
ns forget the boredom and disillusionment they brought .' How can they mnlte
us come to them with fresh enthusiasm]
and what we regard as the fondest of
recollections time after time, until we
look ahead to a lifetime dotted by this
irresistible cozenage? The tenderness
with which we regard Dickens and the
sincerity of our desire and intention to
re read him is equalled only by our pain
and embarrassment when we do. We
suffer at what appears :i diminishmeut
in our merits or his. and we might be
permanently sa.idonod were it not for
the rapidity with which we ngnin regard him flfl a source of quaint delight,
long unread through torce of unfortunate circumstances, not. most certainly,
because of nny other reason.
Perhaps it is that all those things
that seem so good are in reality so. and
_ of
^^—mm^___ antiot he surpussed
for the odd names it gathers, rivalling
for places the function which the city
directory assumes for persons. It is nut
so much the mere repetition of names
that fexcites surprise, but the oddity
and nondescript charncter of so many,
Oue may be charitable to twelve Bostons, twenty Charlestons, twenty-live
Day tons, thirty Washing! ons, twenty-
eight Williatnsburgs; but how can one
tolerate Lone Jack, Tip Top, and Yuri
in Virginia. Por Por in South Carolina,
Paw l'aw and Buncombe in Illinois,
Gas in Kansas, Embarrass in Wisconsin,
Ty-Ty iu Georgia, Nay Aug iu Pennsylvania, Killiwog in New York, Plum-
weseep and Quisquumois in New Brunswick, to select only a few out of the
many curiosities of nomenclature.
Not far from Scran ton, Pennsylvania, is Tobyhama, and, although a Judy-
ille flourishes in Indiana, a Bunehtown
* still to be heard from. Ohio can
poiyt to Kinnick-Kinnick; Mississippi
to Hushpitckena, Hobo, Nitta Yama,
and Alligator; Kentucky has a Kuth;
Mississippi a Boats; Alabama u Choeco-
locco; South Carolina its Sixty-six,
Ninety-six, and Ten Mile. Georgia
has a' Doctortown, with a Noah and a
Zebulon; Missouri an Eve and a Lion.
Nebraska an Eli; Minnesota a Sleepy
Eye. We can understand the propriety
of such graceful names as Frultville,
Citronclla, or Orangeberg, in the heart,
of a fruit section, or Furnace, Coalville, Irontown in the centre of a mining region. Why, however, should
China, Asia, Palestine, Italy, startle us
iu Texas, an Alhambra amaze us near
Los Angeles, with Goshen Junction not
so distant? Sonic of the stations on
the Southern Pacific remind one of the
nomenclature of a racecourse, wilh
Clip,  Aloe, Sparks,  Alma, Chieo.
Perhaps the railway stations of Illi-
nois illustrate most convincingly the
vagaries of place names. You can go
from Peoria to Pekin in almost as brief
an interval as it took King Solomon
to (ly on his magical carpet from oue
end of his realms to the other, while
Cuba is only a few miles farther. With-
the limits of that one State you can
visit Bethany, El Paso, Joppu. Lisbon,
Malta, Marseilles, Sorento, Toulon, aud
still have room lor Palmyra, Sparta,
Genoa, Saxony, with a delightful disregard for history and geography as generally taught. Texas, which is nothing
if not cosmopolitan, will show you a
Dundee as well as Midlothian, Athens,
Carthage, Odessa, Toledo. Weimar, Iowa
has a Grundy Centre, in brave defiance
of gossips. Arkansas courageously offers an Arkadelphia. Louisiana can
boast of a Xapoleonville, which would
not cause Bonaparte any exaltation if
he could tread its main street and beyond. One meets on the map in various states. Alpha, Beta, Delta, lota,
Kappa, and Omega. Tennessee is not
ashamed of its Chuckoy. The birds
of the air and the fish of the sea alike
give their names to places. Of recent
years the tendency is spreading to call
towns after famous people. Thus Texas
has its Boo rue, Dickens. Drydeu, Longfellow; Wisconsin its Onto, Minnesota
"its Verdi. This custom is commendable,
of course, but why Langtry should be
retained is to be questioned. Paradise
is frequently encountered, now and then
Eden being given the preference. It
remains for Georgia to recognise the
situation by calling one of its towns
Now it is easy to ridicule such vagaries of nomenclature, but what are
towns to do? Are not the best names
preempted? It is not always possible
to take the founder's name and transform that, as Blberon sprang from L.
Brown, Krnstinn from Krastus Wyman,
or Biltuiore trom Vanderbilt. Instead
of duplicating and reduplicating exi
ing names, must WO have recourse lu
Firstvilie. Secondville,' uud so on to
Niiie-Hnndrodville / Is it not uu education, after all, to live in Athens, if
in Georgia; in Cairo, if in Illinois; aud
in .leritsalem Crossroads, though it hap
pea to be iu Oklahoma? Let us nol sit
in tin' seat of tue scornful. And as
mellifluous names are not too plentiful
let us be sutislled exen with Oshkosh,
Squedunk, Chin Lee, and Hackensaek.
Of course one remedy is possible. This
is an era for organizing new depart
ments of the government ami new commissions for varied objects of inquiry
—financial, social, economic, hygienic.
Tho entire stibjei-: of place names might
be given over to a national bureau for
improvement and regulation. This shift
ing of responsibility might be regarded
as pnternnlism carried to excess, but a
definite system of superior!Btn from the
educational as welt as purely esthetic
points of viow cannot much longer, bo
deferred. Much ado is mado about
simplified spelling, yet how trifling is
such n matter compared to tho present
anarchy in place names, which calls for
effective reform.
the   Kru|7p™~worTs. x'^e"~frrfltlWrTTtth:
iUtjriv intelligence all  the   workings of
mm! proud of tlicffif0^iiM^Ji|lkuil'es|
:t"r industrial triuWprf ltflK» Merpris*
has attained, unite frank in expressing
her det^rfiJil«iWTM| nd t tin necessarily or .;o,tiylli* iWfuetiroV weapons
shall br^fWiM*^Hit?Sfrorii lithe Essen
shops. This side of her character was
brought out impressively by the state
uient mado by a delegate to the Inter
national Peace* Conference at Stock
Helm early in August. The speaker
alleged that he had the Baroness' own I
words as authority for the statoment
that she had personally objected to the
manufacture of a particular gun known
a "bomb caution." The possibilities
of this weapon were so great that the
woman who is virtual owner of thin
enterprise became nlanned and frankly
admitted that she was an advocate of
international peace.
The gun is to be a muzzle -loading
small bore gun, the projectile for which
is a metal rod to the end of which, outside the barrel of the gun, is tied the
bomb. Whoti the rod is shot out it carries the bomb along and some distance
away, when the bomb has acquired the
right velocity, it slips from tho rod.
Thus carrying tremendous power as an
explosive much damage will be done
iu a fortress. But as much more will
be done by the poisonous gases that
will be released.
The deadly gases were the feature to
which Pratt von Bonlon strenuously objected. It is interesting to note the
fact that in commenting on the report
that the Baroness had expressed herself
as unwilling that this weapon should be
manufactured at b>sson, ono nf the Ger
man dailies observed editorially, with
humorous naivete: "The' experts explained tn Her Grace that the gun was
so dangerous that few would get in its
way, and that it would therefore tend
towards peace."
^'RINO a battle in India a squadron of cavalry had been held in
reserve under cover of a field battery and an infantry regiment. The
artillery duel had ended, nud the assault
of the enemy in overwhelming numbers
had beeu repulsed by the steadiness of
the infantry. While a cloud of smoke
hung over the field the cavalry received
an order to charge with drawn sabres.
The troopers started in close order
for the enemy's line. About halfway
they met a taking fire from earth-works
in front of them, and from the woods
on their flanks. A young cavalryman,
with his sabre drawn, was shot through
the heart while leading in the first file.
The horse halted, swerved tn the right
and turned back, but the rider kept
his seat without tliuching. The other
troopers went on, carried the earthwork
by storm, rode at full gnllop after the
retreating force, and converted defeat
nto rout.
The dead trooper, meanwhile, was returning with white face and with blood
streaming from his wound. Under his
ncrvoless hand the horse roeoived neither check nor leading, and made his own
way toward the infantry, who were now
advancing rapidly. As the smoke lifted, the soldiers saw the solitary rider
coming with one hand in a death-grip
on the saddle, while the other still held
the sword rigidly clasped.
Tt was a sight never to be forgotten
—the galloping horse with the dead
cavalryman stXl mounted and looking
grim and fierce. It wns not until the
rider hail gone fifty yards from the spot
where he had been killed that he rolled
off the horse.
A similar tale is told of Captain Nolan, who delivered tfie fatal, blundering
order for the charge of the celebrated
Light Brigade, lie was seen on the
field of Balaclava, riding from the hills
where tne staff officers wero drawn up
to the quarter where the brigade was
stationed. The charge began, and what
was left- of the brigade returned in
broken groups.
Finally, Nolan was seen galloping
rapidly toward the centre of tho field,
lie was firmly seated and riding well,
Suddenly the horse swerved, and the
rider toppled over.
When the officers who were nearest
rushed forward and lifted him from the
ground they found him lifeless. He
had been shot and instantly killed, but
his horse had curried him safely across
the field, out of the reach of the pur
suing Cossacks,
Once, when I
lUijU-iWas fallinav    . ...
Amonjt thoMrplo f|nultf Mds I lout
my .baw\-M 'fWtrJl
The road to home was hidden'fast, aad
frightful shadows, crawling .
Along the sky line Bwnllowod up the
last kind light of day;
And then I seemed tn hear you
In the twilight, and be near you;
Seemed to hear your dear voice calling,
Through the meadows, calling, calling
And I followed nnd I found you,
Flung my tired arum around you;
And rested, on the mother breatrt,
returned, tired out, from play.
Down the years thnt followed, though
I trod strange paths unheeding,
Though I chased the jack o' lanterns
of so many maddened yours,
Though I never looked behind mo where
the home-lights were receding,
Though 1 never looked enough ahead
to seo the Inn of Pears;
Still I knew your heart was nenr
That your oar was strained to hear
That your love would need no pleading
To forgive me, but was pleading
Of itself that, in dtsastor,
I should run to you the faster
Aud  be sure that I waa dearer for
your sacrifice of tears.
Now on life's Inst summer-time the last
long dusk is falling,
And 1, who trod one way so long, can
tread no other way
Until at death's dim crossroads I watch
hesitant, the crawling
Night passages that   'maze me with
tho ultimate dismay,
Thon, when death and doubt shall
bind me—
Even then—I know you'll find me;
I shall hoar you, Mother, calling—
Hoar  you   calling—calling    calling;
I snail fight and follow—find you
Though   thu   grave clothcM   swathe
and bind you,
And  I know your love will answer,
"Here's my laddie   home   from
THE richest woman in Germany nnd,
furthermore, a most interesting
personality, is the Baroness Krupp
von Bohlen und ifnlhuch. When the
last male head of the house of Krupp
died he left practically nil of his great
property to the elder of his two daughters, Bertha. Several years ngo she
married the Baron von Bohlen und HnJ,-
bach, a young German diplomat* He
added hor name to his own, and is now
nt the head nf the great gun works at
11 Kb'R are we to find the final au
thoritv ns to the pronunciation
of the names of the Slatesf
Surely not in that august body, the
U lit tod StatOB Senate, where they are
moat frequently pronounced.
Senator Dolllvor rises In his place nnd
declares thnt thev do things thus and
so out in " loway.'' Senator Hailey
refers presently to the gentleman from
"I o wn "; while Senator * 'o in in ins cure
fully refers to the laud of his political
birth as "I own," with the nccont on
the '•!."
Senator GnlUnger talks about Senator Beveridge as the gentleman from
" In-ji-unn," Nevada runs a perilous
course from the "N'evn-da'' of Senator
Newlands, where the -,n" is very long,
tn the Nevada with the short "a," as
it   is ordinarilv  pronounced.
Colorado, "Ari/.ouy," "Wyoming."
" Mawuy-ye." ami dklnhotna battle for
life amidst a conflict of pronunciation!.
The Senate would be a board of ques
tionable authority to pass \>u geographical names.
From Kgypt behind my oxen with their
stately step and slow
Northward and Kast aud West I wont
to tho desert sand und the snow;
Down through the centuries ono by one,
turning the clod to the shower,
Till there's never a land beneath the
sun but has blossomed behind my
I slid through the sodden rice-fields with
my grunting hump backed steers,
I turned the turf of the Tiber plain in
Home's Imperial years;
I   was  left  in  the   halfdrawn   furrow
when Coriolauus came
Giving his farm for tho Forum's site to
save his nation's name.
Over  the seas to  the   North  I   went;
white cliffs and a seaboard blue;
Aud my path was glad in the English
grass as my stout red Devons drew;
My path was glad in the English gram
for behind mo rippled und curled
The com that was life to the sailor-men
thnt sailed the ships of the world.
And later I wont to the North again,
and day by day drew down
A little moro of the purple hills to join
to my kingdom brown;
And   the   whnups  wheeled  out  to  the
uu orlnud. but the gray gulls stayed
with me
Where   the   Clydesdales    drummed    a
marching song with their feathered
feet on the lea.
Then tho new lands called me West-
waul; I found on the prairies wide
A toil ot my stoutest during and a foe
to test my pride;
But I stooped my strength to the stiff
black loam, and I found my labor
As I loosened the soil that was trampled firm by n million buffaloes'
Thou further away to the Northward;
outward and outward still
(But   idle   I  crossed  the   Rockies,  for
there no plough may till.)
Till I won to the plains unending, and
there on the edge of the snow
I ribbed them tho fenceless wheatfiehls,
and taught them to reap nnd sow.
The sun of the Southland called me; I
turned her the rich brown lines
Where her Parrumattn peach-trees grow
and her green Mihlurn vines;
I drove her cattle before mo, her dust,
and her dytntr sheep,
I   painted   her  rich   plains golden  and
taught her to sow and reap.
From Egypt behind my oxen, with state
ly trend and slow
I have carried your weightiest burdens,
ve toilers that reap nnd sow!
1 am the Kuler, the King, and I held
the world  in  fee;
Sword  upon sword may ring, but the
triumph shall rest with me!
ETALS mav be burned for the sake
of the heat and light they produce
just as ordinary fuels are burned.
But the burning of metals differs from
that of ordinary fuels in that tho products nf combustion are not gaseous
but solid.
Aluminum has been fntiud to be nn admirable fuel for producing tho intense
heat used in welding. This kind of
metallic fuel has assumed much industrial importnnco at Essen, in Germany,
whore   in  consequence   metallurgy  haB
For the baby wuo is delicate, who
suffers from constipation, stomach*and
bowol troubles, nothing can equal Baby '*
Own Tablets. They are a positive cure
for nil the little i'lls of childhood and
can he given with perfect safety. They
are sold under un absolute guarantee
of a Government analyst to contain
no linrmful drug. They cannot possibly do harm—they always do good.
Mrs. Geo. A. Windvor, Rockcroft, Ont,,
writes: '' I would not be without
Baby's Own Tnblets. My baby was
small and delicate nnd never grew, till
1 begun giving her the Tnblets. She. ie
nine montnhs old and thanks to the
Tablets, is well, fat, and rosy. I will
certainly recommend them whenever T
get the opportunity.
The Tablets are sold by medicine
dealers or by mail at 25 cents a box
from The Dr. Williams Medicine Co.,
Brockville, Ont.
i .    si
Net   Booanae   Be   Lacks   Brain*   or
Ability,   But  Because   His
Liver is Slow
Au inactive laay liver makes plenty
of men and women seem intellectually
doll. They really have the "go," but
are weighed down, pulled down by a
sluggish condition of the system. Iu
consequence lots of good chances are
lost, enjoyment missed and pleasures refused—all because of a poor working
stomach and a disordered liver,
Uen and women, wake up your livers,
give relief to sluggish kidneys—they
are wortung hard, but can't keep on
forever doing duty for both the kidneys
aad liver.
Let Br. Hamilton's Pills help you—
let them drive those poisons from the
blend thut depress your mind and bruin.
Let Br. Hamilton's Pills give you
swli inward wholesomeness that body
aid spirit will tingle ami glow with
health and ambition,
You can depend on this- thnt Dr.
Hamilton's Pills clear the skin, brighten
the eyes, purify the blood, send energy,
fim and good spirits circulating to
every part of the body.
No other utdicine makes people so
healthv or keeps vou always at vour
best like Dr. Hamilton's Pills. They
■re mild, curative and safe, ->V per
hex, at all dealers, or 'the (-uturrhuzouo
<'•., Kingston, Canada.
L1K10 most New Kngland ministers
of the time, the Kev. Dr. Samuel
Deaue, who was born in 17X1 and
died iu 1814, and who for ninny years
was pastor of the First Church at Port
Uud, Maine, was a practical fnruier.
He wns a man of learning also, and a
wit. Prof. Kittredge, in his delightful
■iscellnuy, "The Old Farmer and His
Almanac,'' says Mr. Deaue. while a
tutor at Harvard, made oue jest which
hue since been falsely credited to many
A visitor to whom he was exhibiting
the curiosities of the college museum
noticed a long, rusty sword, and asked
to whom it hnd belonged.
" I believe.'1 replied Mr. Denne,
"that it was the sword of Balaam with
which  he threatened  to  kill  the ass."
"But,*' objected the stranger, "Balaam had no sword; he only wished for
"Very true,'' said i\ir. Deaue; "this
it the one he wished for,"
There is another specimen uf the
debtor's humor, iu his own handwriting. Portland, then Falmouth, wus
harned by the British naval commander
Mewnt, in 1776.
There was intense indignation, und
fir. Deaue suggested, as uu inscription
for n plan of the town published shortly
after, a brief statement of the facts.
In this Cuptain Mowat was described
as "that execrable scoundrel and monster of ingratitude." At the end of the
letter in which he expresses these sen*
tuacntb, Dr. Deune admitted a possible
"If you do not like the words 'execrable scoundrel' you may say 'iufum-
ets incendiary,' or what you please."
Dr.Marters Female Pills
frMoribM tod rtawouiiueiirted tor women'* ti
MN, ft ■uitrititle*lly prepartd reined)' ot provpr
worth. The mull ■ from their uie .* ifuick km
M"n»n*n!.   for m!<> at ill druit itorei.
WERE CURED completely by
HOTEL life has changed considerably of late years, and
with the immense many-storied hotels has come naturally a greater formality, which shows its effect iu
a much increased.elaboration of dress as well ns a lack of the
old simplicity of the life of the hotel community. It was
only a few years ago when, iu even tho most fashionable
hotel ut a popular watering place, a low cut evening gown
made the wearer conspicuous, but to-day regulation evening
dress is worn altogether.
There is a difference in cut, however, between n ball gown,
a dinner frock and the style of costume that is iu vogue for
evening wear at n hotel or restaurant. Needless to state
there is a decidedly extensive wardrobe required in these
days by the woman who cares to be even suitably, let alone
smartly, gowned for evening gayety. Nor is there the least
use iu attempting to get through the autumn with the evening gowns of the previous summer or spring. Styles have in
every way altered completely, and hotel aud restaurant life
is nowadays so decided a feature of autumn existence that
tiny such economy is out of the question.
Nowhere, perhaps, are the same number uf evening gowns
required as are necessary for even a short sojourn at a large
hotel. There must be variety thnt no one of the nostuines
shall become marked. There must be one or more real ball
dresses for an occasion til dunce, and it is always safest to
have ut hand oue gown somewhat simpler und perhaps high
^.^■■■mjb wm. riuri, Hi-kiA4.,j.',.b; *.sa
aovt will ili> (tin nam. fur ynu In u tilt-iuiuit iinuitifr;
ait*, Itm llitlAJiilniululi, kill iiulti, lii'ai mill n-rluK' llmlil
IV . norn.nl coiulllloii; r.iliu.i. lliiltni. Tumor.. Wen.,
Aflutt or lin.linn.lii- I*!k>«!i». Synovitis, Vnrl.-oi,'lo. H J.
■aw. spnuitB ol Un. liiil.t'li'Mirlluiilnent,. Heiilm-iit..
nil) iwn>A, Hi.uniR pin. .-inn. only $l.i.n ok.. ft.MV-1'j o/.
W.lii ot voin iliiitfKLU or ilillvmil. Ilnnk 'if l'r.i>.
*. F. lOUNG. P. D. 17.21(1 Temple St., Springfield, Mats.
l.TR.SS, Ltd., Moittff.ll, t.nn.ll.i. .u-.-.n..
Akw Mmkhnt by StIITIK  IliH.t . WV.V.r. III., SlnHlorf t
VMS kATIUNAI. Illllll  *  I IlkSIIII. I'll., UIh.Iom I |V.
mi ud SUNUUHM sunt HI. Ud.. lunmn
Warn*, 0*t.
__ P.*. 111*.
"I bul . bona tk*t
J It** • Bp*fia far *
l*af Mm. a.d 1 a*4
trte* amrly «**iy kind .1 audlcia.
wha. * edilibar laid a*, t* *a*
Indan1. l*a*ia can, whlck 1M
•M at mM waaHttrhuty.-'
aTwiaira apavta Cour* la ass
HUM n**aa*M*l; bai la lb. warWe
Maadard manly In all Swam***,
■aftltue*** **d Uaeua* 1* *****
ud aaa.
D*ad Ika waiadataf far «» yean.
*w**f   asanaraaly ab**ld haa*  II
|L a boWs ft iter «. a* vmw
dealer f«v bet e»*7Wear took "A
TmitsKtrntheOstm" wi»s as
Cream Colore** Volte uown with Gold aud Pearl Embroideries
at the throat should the conventions of the community de-
maud a less elaborate costume for Sunday evening wear.
The favorite cut of the simple dinner dress for hotel or
restaurant is an exaggerated Dutch yoke. A square yoke is
generally becoming, while the U-shnpe is Homewhut smarter,
the V in front unless cut quite low uud filled in with chiffon
being seldom worn nowadays. A narrow U or square decol-
letege with a deep but narrow V at the back is smart, aud
indeed the long slender V line, at the back is extremely
pretty no matter what the exact cut uf the decolletege in
Tho chief difference, perhaps, between the cut of a ball
gown and of u dinner dress is that the shoulder line of the
latter is some inches wider than of the conventional evening
dress. Kven when the bodice is cut quite low nt the front
nnd back tne line will still be quite distinct between the
two modes. When it is impossible to cut an oblong yoke
deep enough iu front to give a good line then the decolletege
cun always be tilled in with flesh colored tulle, which can be
used in combination with any shade and will make the gown
moro becoming.
Tho sleeves nre half length or somewhat shorter in the
majority of restaurant gowns. Pull length sleeves of transparent net or chiffon are mure or less ia fashion at alt times
in u simple evening gown, but the style is never a really
popular oue, because so invariably unbecoming. The long
sleeves seem especially ill suited to the present style of evening dress with the skirt oscitplng the ground. Although to be
seen in some few models it is not likely to be generally
adopted for evening wear.
Not for many a day has there been so great likelihood
of the short skirt capturing the stronghold of popular approval as is the case at the present moment Again and
again lias it been tried to foist the short skirt evening gown
under tho guise of novelty, but always IlllS it been defeated,
and principally by the disapproval of the American woman.
So close is the short skirt victory that already a train gown
looks strangely out of date—almost awkward, in fact—and
even the most elaborate gown must show no real full of
material. For a restaurant or simple dinner gown the newest
fashions dictate that the texture shall escape the floor by at
least nn inch, but the independent woman who has the courage to discard the unbecoming will allow of at least a two-
inch train in buck. For the tall and slender, or fur one of
petito build, a short, round, narrow skirt may be quaint or
picturesque, but for all others the round skirt which touches
the floor is infinitely belter.
Whereat mosl street cbsfumes give a distinctly straight
up and down effect In the wearer, nil evening gowns, on the
contrary, emphasize round lines und discard the too straight
nud severe. The belt, is round und Ihe wnist line is round, in
contrast to the flat appearance lately so much to bo envied.
The skirt is distinctly round in every lino, if this expression
is permissible. The trimming may be laid from waist to hem,
but there is always a band or mnny bands of lace or ribbon or
some other trimming to give the "bolster" picture. The
plain, flat bund of a heavy texture placed some six to ten
inches up the width of a shirt hns been too much used to
remain in vogue, but the tmme effect is retained nevertheless
by different means of manipulating the fabric and its
Skirts are all very much trimmed just at present—the
style demands it and tho materials employed make It possible. Bibbon and bands of silk and satin with falls and
flounces of lace are all nsed, but the plain, rather fall skirt,
tied In by a b d or bands of Mtin, if already ont of date—
the fashion was too much copied aa a method of transform-
lug a costume of a former Mason into aa up-to-date creation.
The elaborate undershirt with as •vtrtkirt of plain laee .vat
or chiffon ia still Men, but than ii a retnri to the trimawd
skirt rather than the veiled otbot aa abnormally molar
darlif tho loot ataooa.      ^^^^^^^^^^^^^
Chiffon, embroidered net, figured crepe, softest brocade
and the many two toned silks are all in vogue for the restaurant gown. No still' or uuduly heaw textures are
employed, for there is considerable draping in the newest
models nnd no draped model is practicable iu a thick or
unwieldy material. Shirring and gathering of the material
about the wnist and hips are ulso seen on the models for
those of slender build, but uo matter how slender the wearer
only a gauze or extremely soft and pliable fabric can be
shirred and gathered uud still remain becoming to the figure.
The under dress must at ail costs be penectly fitted no
matter how apparently loose and carelessly full'the chiffon
dress appears. Many a loose, softly diapeit gown forfeits all
its charm because sufficient care has not been taken with
the lining. For all materials and all styles of dress the
favorite lining is to-day au exceptionally soft, pliable satin.
Cream or pale rose color is the favorite tone for a gown that
is not of transparent texture, but the delicate pink lining
is also frequently used even with such colors as dark blue
or mauve chiffon.
The majority of evening gowns this autumn nre of such
extremely soft aud thin texture that the wearing of au underskirt is obligatory. For this reason most ot' the newer gowns
show nn attached petticoat or liuiug, perfectly straight and
plain, aud fitting better to the figure than uuy separate skirt
could be made to do.
In comparison with the elaborate skills of the moment
the bodices ure all somewhat simple in offset, if not in detail.
Often there will be but u wide belt or half waist of the
same material us the skirt, while the upper part will be of
quite foreign texture, lace chiffon or, for example, satin with
a net skirt. The shoulder must be as tint us it can be made
to appear, and the sleeve is never an entire piece by itself.
Either it connects with the under part of the bodice, forming
a mandarin arm hole, or else the sleeve is carried up over
the shoulder to the collar bund. Here, again, the becoming
must be carefully studied and thu sizo of the sleeve and arm
hole modified or increased according to the individual.
At a restaurant dark colors predominate among the
women's gowns, and id' them all it is the black gowns which
are almost invariably smartest. The black dress is, of course,
relieved by a touch of color in the embroideries or iu the
girdle, or else is largely combined with white; but it is the
black and white rather than white with black which is in
vogue. All black trimmed with jet nnd costly white lace just
near the throat is smart for older women, while the note of
cerise or vivid blue in the embroidery or chiffon draping
will keep u bluck gowu sufficiently youthful for the youngest
Hotel life calls for light colors in the evening and something more effective than an all black gowu. Kleetnc blue,
some few shades of green, golden yellow and the unusual
toucs of red and pink are all seen, but it is the darker hues
which predominate, although oue all white gowu is included
in every autumn outfit. A wdiite gowu, however, not to be
too youthful in effect requires now to be most elaborate,
almost overtrimnied. Silver embroidery relieves the too dull
white, and perhaps a note of color may be introduced in the
girdle. White chiffon combined with cloth is at once given
character, for example, by a wide girdle of dowered chiffon,
the girdle forming, in fact, half the bodice. Tne chiffon or
silk belt should show color or considerable depth of tone—
blue, purple ami rose, with perhaps a line of black through
the design.
Artificial flowers lire used more than for some time past
to give a touch of finish to nn evening gown. A cluster of
orchids at the belt or a nosegay of gardenias or white roses
greatly relieves the solemnity of au all black gown and is
permissible even iu first mourning.
For an all white gown the necessary character will be
given by a deep pink rose, a bunch of puppies or a cluster of
sweet pens fastened ut the bolt just us the natural flowers
would be worn.
Women who refused to yield to the hobble skirt craze
are now to be congratulated on their discretion, for there
seems to be no doubt, if one is to judge from the latest
models from the best modistes, thnt this eccentric fashion
will soon be much modified. For those who were not so wise,
however, and who have indulged iu hobble skirts to a degree
thut will make remodelling necessary, there is no reason to
feel downcast, especially if they belong to the happily emancipated class who are able to make their own clothes, for
there   are innumerable ways in which the bobble skirt may
Gown of Shaded Rose Tulle
be freed Trum its disfiguring bonds, and this without too
much difficulty.
■ Overtkirts appear en many uf the new models and the
narrow skirt of satin, velvet or silk either to match the
gown or its garniture mar readily be substituted. The tight
band or scarf around the bottom of tho skirt may bo removed
and a series of tucks or narrow bands which do not hold in
the skirt sabstititod.   Thero are a few new designs for the
hobblo""ifffiioJ *heH aro"so much Baodlflod Vhat tkoy are
THE Beat in Canada ie ubiquitous, as
a glance at the map will show.
From east to west, from north tu
south, Scottish names are sown broud-
cast over the Dominion. Inverness,
Aberdeen, and Dundee, each has at least
four namesakes in Cuuuda; and there
are bums and braes und lochs innumerable. A multitude of other place names
commemorates Scottish or Hcots-Cana-
dinn soldiers, governors, pioneers, explorers, heroes of all descriptions. Many
of the fur traders, who (uuwillingly
enough) opened the country to the
colonists, were Scuts; hence the names
of the noble Mackenzie and Fraser
Rivers, nud of other places called after
those who discovered them. Home living Scotsmen who have done good ser
vice tur the Dominion ka\o received
similar honors. For instance, the fast
growing town of Strut henna and the
"Sir Donald'' peak iu the Itocky Mountain's both remind the traveller of Lord
Stratheona. the veteran High Commissioner of Canada iu Kngland.
It was towards the close of the eighteenth century, when .thousands of High
landers were" evicted from" their little
holdings by rapacious landlords, that
the Scottish immigration to Nova Scotia
and Canada began iu earnest. Cape
Breton Island was largely settled by
Highlanders; nnd in 1K0A the philanthropic Lord Selkirk brought out a number of unfortunate crofters to Prince
Kdwnrd Island. Later he planted Scottish colonies in Upper Canada und on
the .Ked River, near where Winnipeg
now stands, and thus laid the foundations of the Province uf Manitoba.
Brave, hardy, aud not easily disheartened, the Scots in Canada have again
and again proved their value us pioneers, but not in this way only. Men
of Scottish blood fought under Wolfe,
defended Quebec from the attacks of
the American Revolutionists, and did
valiant service against the invaders in
the war of 1X1". lu times when a satisfactory form uf colonial government
wns all to seek, Scots played leading
parts iu the struggle for liberty, and in
these calmer days not a few Canadians
gratefully remember poor, blundering,
hot-headed William Lyon Mackenzie. In
more recent years the work of Scottish
statesmen in Canada has been varied
and valuable. To mention but one
achievement: In 1807 the confederation of the provinces was brought about
by the united action of the old-time
rivals, George Brown and John A. Mae-
dunald (both Scotsmen), who at a critical moment agreed to set aside their
Of Canadian authors, one of the ear
best to win wide recognition was Judge
Hnliburtnu (creator of "Sam Slick, the
Clockmaker"); and he traced back his
ancestry to a Scottish Border family,
from which Sir Walter Scott was also
descended. Of the great educational institutions of Canada, many, including
the Universities of Manitoba, Toronto,
McCill in Montreal, and Dalhousio iu
Nova Scotia, owe a vast debt to Scotsmen.
In 1901 about 300,1)00 persons, or
rather more than one seventh of the
population of the Douiiuion, counted us
Scots, Of these, over 8,1,000 had beeu
born iu Scotland. Since that time,
while less than 30,000 Irish immigrants
have settled in Canada, the number
from Scotland has exceeded 100,000, of
whom 22 per cent, have settled on homesteads in the West
In some respects the Seots appear to
adapt themselves readily to a new environment, but they have a greut cling
ing to old customs' and traditions, and
contact with other races does not soon
efface their national characteristics..An
immigrant, having come from "the laud
of brown heath nud shaggy wood," in
his early childhood, often remains to
old age distinctively Scots, and transmits .to children and grundchildren the
well marked traits of his race.
Are Vou Using
An Oily Liniment?
Beware of Any Thick, Greasy lint—I
That Contains Acids and Strong
No doctor would think of prescribes^
a greasy, thick, ammonia lininiest—
they can't penctrate and iu cense*]u«m»
are unable lo reach tue source of pahs.
The best liniment {or general household
use is "Nerviliue/'-which is sold nude*
positive guarantee to cure pain..
Xervihne is sure tj) cure pain beeuMe
it is immensely stronger than other Mai-
ments, because it Is more penetralia*,
because it relieves tue congested condition that  excites pain,  because it  re-
res circulation of the part. Now reo
understand why one person in taroe
throughout the Dominion of ('.made,
uses Nerviliue. These people hove
tested it. They know how good it io,
because in the Hundred and ono mhnor
ailments that afttiet us at odd tiOMO
they found Nerviliue always cured.
Nerviliue is un absolute antidote So
pain, powerful, soothing, and certain ia
its action.
Nerviliue is Inestimably the finest remedy for pain found in tho world.   Not
an ache or pain iinvw.here thatNervilie*
does not care.
Try Nerviliue for neuralgia, headashe,
sciatica, lumbago, stiffness, rheumatioai
—wherever there is soreness or pat*,
rub on NervlJine, anil you'll be cmsO.
refuse anything offered you instead of
Nerviliue, in two sizes, ,00c and 2Sc.
All dealers, or The Catarrhozoue Ce»-
pnny, Kingston, Out.
WoruiB cause fretfulness and rob the
infant of sloop, the great uourisher.
Mother Graves' Worm Exterminator
will clear the stomach and intestines
and restore healthfnluess.
A large proportion of Scots-Canadian*
are of Highland blood. In earlier dave
they often established themselves together in considerable communities, bat
now they are scattered all over the Dominion, from Vancouver to Cape Breton
Island, and every year sees them more
widely distributed. In the West, the
immigrant from the glens of old Scotland often takes up land far from any
other homesteader of his own race, and
if he and his family speak Gaelic
amongst themselves, they quickly learn
English for general use. In some remote
districts of Canada there are even now
to some extent, but the number of those
is diminishing annually. In parts of
Cape Breton Island Gaelic is as mash
spoluMi, it is said, as in the Scot tie*
many old people who speak only Gaelic,
though they usually understand EngKeb
Highlands. In different towns of the
Dominion there are Gaelic Societies and
Gaelic. classes, but the study of the
language ie pursued rather as a pastiaae
or from motives of sentiment than because it is in ;.ny sense a necessity for
communication with the Highlanders of
There is one ancient settlement ef
Highland Scots, near Murray Bay, oo
the St. Lawrence, wnich has adopted
French instead of English. It was
formed of disbanded soldiers soon after
the British conquest of Canada, and
officers and men intermarried with tho
French Canadians, adopting their Ian
gunge and habits so completely tha*,
though they bear such names as Black-
bum, Warren, McLean and McNieholl,
their descendants are in nil other respects as French as the habitants
around them.
Runaway Ona—WJMe artillery woe
returning to GranadW Spain, from the
practising ground anofwos crossing over
a rocky hill thirty feet high, one of the
big Schneider guns got out of control
and dashed down the incline. Tho soldiers endeavored, with the assistance of
six draught horses, to bring the gun te
u standstill, but its enormous weight
drugged them over the incline. The m
fell ou the horses, killing them all. Oae
soldier was injured, but the others had
a miruculons escape.
If You Want to be Sure of Quality I
Medicinal and Toilet Preparation
You certainly take no chances when
you buy any toilet article or medicinal
preparation which bears the name NA-
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A* mob a. you aee "NA-DRU-CO"
you can b* «b.olutely certain that tha
article 1* Ua* very but
The National Drug and Chemical Com-
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line of over 125 NA-DRU-CO preparations.
The formulae are the best known to medical science.
The purity and strength of the ingredients are assured by rigid tes
The compounding is done by expert chemists, who are thorougt
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Knowing that everything has been dona to make them right,
guarantee, positively and unreservedly, each and every NA-DRU-C
preparation.   If you find any one unsatisfactory we want you to return
to the druggist from whom you bought it and he will refund your mone
Ask your physician or druggist all about the NA-DRU-CO line. Th
are men of standing tn your community, worthy oi your confidence, a
in position to tell you, for we will furnish to any member ol either pi
fe.ision, on request, * full list ol th* Ingredient* la any NA-DRU-C
NA-DRU-CO Djipseahi T.blaU
Cur. sour atoimeb-baartburn—uatulaiK.
- iiiiUiMnoD-claontoairapapata.
NA-DRU-CO HajMUdw Wtthn
Stop • BMdaeb* la M ailnaaaj.
Cffiula ■* enrafai abut.*
NA-DKU-COTsJoao Paw**
3 Miv4i-rV1«MHI*w-*Vsih Cos*-.
Omatofral—^ ™	
NA-DRUiCO     Usatl
NA.DRU-COB.br  T.b
NA.DRU.CO Tooth P.
Chan**tsanntjai aiai.nta oae
■ mas*. Ik* MBMaMiMi' watt
rational Prig ■a*»€h«*^
•'■■■■■      /■ ■•-  .-.'i—.:^
Published  every   Saturday  at Cumberland, B.C., by
Ormond T. Smithk,
Editor and Proprietor.
Advertising rates published elsewhere in the paper.
Subscription price $1.50 per year, payable in advance.
The editor does not hold  himself responsible for views expressed by
• irrespondents.
SATURDAY, NOV., 26,  1910.
What the Editor has to say.
It is not our custom ordinarily to comment upon the workings of the wheels of justice, but it sometimes happens that the
punishment does not fit the crime, and such we believe was the
case last Tuesday night, when a man, or rather a male
being was convicted of a most cowardly assault upon a woman
and the evidence would seem to show that his intention was to
commit one of the most serious offenses that is possible to commit, and yet the only punishment meted out was two months
in the penitentiary,
We are offering no criticism of those who sat upon the
case. They did their duty in inflicting the extreme penalty
but it is unfortunate that the law of the land does not provide
a more severe punishment for a case like that with which they
had to deal.
We believe that for many offenses, and for cases of this
kind in particular, the cat and nine tails might be prescribed
with benefit.
The postal service that is provided for the residents of
this city and of the district generally is a disgrace to the post
office department, which yearly has a large surplus that would
reflect a great deal more credit upon the minister who presides
over the department were it expended in providing the people
of outlying portions af the Dominion, such as this, with a little better mail service.
Take for instance, the mail service between here and Courtenay. It is no uncommon thing for a letter posted in Courtenay to take a week or more to reach this city.
Some-arrangement should be made for a direct overland
mail service between these two points, two or three times a
Practical  Watchmaker
All Work Guaranteed
. . NEXT TO TARBELLS, Ironmonger . .
Dunsmuir Ave   :::  Cumberland
Beadnell & Biscoe
 gomox. B.G.        -
Sra frontages and farming land for sale
There is one species of humanity that flourishes in every
country and in every clime—the pessimist.
Ninety per cent of the worry in this world is caused by
worrying over the possible troubles of the future, which rarely
materialize; the real troubles of life generally fall suddenly and
Ever since Cumberland has been upon the map no doubt,
the knocker has been at work with his little hammer, and continually discovering some grave danger just ahead, which was
to overwhelm our city, and yet in spite of all this the town
has progressed steadily if not rapidly.
Cranks have for centuries been prophesying the end of the
world, and have scared thousands of weak minded people into
their graves, worrying over a disaster that has not yet befallen
old mother earth.
It is remarkable that after so many false predictions of disaster to our city, the local knockers should still be able to
delude as many of tlieir feliow citizens.
When the coal mines of this district changed ownership,
some months ago, the knockers declared that the end of the
city was at hand—Cumberland was doomed.
At that time we hud the privilege of interviewing the
manager of the new company, Mr. Coulson, in which interview
that gentleman assured us that the citizens had nothing to fear
as far as the future of the town is concerned, the company
would do nothing to hinder its progress, but on the contrary,
a great deal to encourage its growth. Any idea that might
exist to the contrary he characterized as absolutely absurd,
The knockers were silenced for a time, but not for long, and
now they are at it worse than ever.
"The company will build up a town in some other portion
of the district, and the men will be drawn away from here,"
we are told.
Although we have not had an opportunity of again interviewing Mr. Coulson, surely his word may still be regarded as
We have, however, been assured from an authoritative
source, and one that is absolutely reliable, that the knockers
are wrong again, and that the company's plans are such that
will insure a great increase in the population and general prosperity of the city in the not for distant future.
Not the Cheapest, but the Best
Catalogue Free
Vancouver Island Nursery Co., {
Somenos, V.l.
ENDE], flnHEnllSHG flftlES
Display Advertisements
75 cents per column inch per nn nth.
Special rate for half page or more.
Condensed Advertisements
1 cent 1 word, 1 issue ; minimum charge 25 cents.
No acrounts run for this class of adTeriising
Are you
If not
In either case you should be interested in this
to solicit
Carrying a full line of the very best
and Jewellery
Also a
subscriptions to
• _    •
on commission
The present owner is making lots
of money, but will sell at a sacrifice
on account of
Will sell on the buyers own terms
The building and lot are also for
sale cheap, or will rent on reasonable terms
Full particulars may be learned
by communicating with
M" The Islander Office
Cumberland, B.C. THE I8LANt>»fc OTltoEHLAND. B.C.
Just 5 Days' More of our
store at
This offer is a
These are all up-
'o-date Suits of
the Choicest Material with the finest of workmanship.   Every suit
Before Leaving Our Store.
CALL IN and see for yourself, .1 is a pleasure to show
you our range	
Simon Leisep
& CO. LTD.
To the printer who
does good work.
Good printing is the
only kind we do. and
our prices are  reasonable
.1 (ML
"Leadlau Tobacco Klaj."
Better known a*
Dealer la Fruits, Candy, Cl(ari
aad Tobacco.
K^ Billiard Room in connection
If yon with to make your piano or
furniture appear jnst like new, try a
buttle ol Boyle's Piano and Furniture
Polish. It is an exceptionally good
poliah and you will not use any other
after having tried it once. It is put
up in 75c and (1.25 bottles -For sale
by ChascVgraveat "the Islander" ofli<
Of all the Latest Patterns and mado of the
BEST MATEBIAL, beautifully finished.
We are sure we can please yon as we have a big  selection
for you to choose from
A new -arrival of NEW SUITS.    As you
know, these Clothes speak for themselves.
Tlie finest hotel in the city.
Grocers & Bakers
Dealers In all kinds of Oood
Wet Oopda
Best Bread and Beer In Town
Agents for pilsener Beer
Stoves and Ranges,
Builders Hardware, Cutlery,
Paint, Varnishes, Arms and Ammunition, Sporting Goods,
The  McClary  Manufactuing
Sherwin-Williams Paints
Ad..rttHm.ntaan<l.rthta ha*d 1 cant, t .rord,
1 Inane; atrtctly In sri.uc
Furoiahed Room* to Let, oppo.it* the
Wanted—Three Young Pig*; send price
■nd p*rticol»r». T. A. L. Smith,
Hornby I*l*nd. jIA
Two Light Draft Tun*, weight about
14001b*. Apply Shopland Bro*.,
Sandwick. jll
For Sal*—8 Milk Cow. and 3 H.ifers.
Apply H. 8. Porteus, Hankahaw,
Ooortenay. jlS
8 |Room*d Hosm and Double Lot for
Bale, eheap j or will rent furnUhed.
Mr*. Roe.
For 8*1*—Chicken Ranch 3 acre*. Good
Bout* (recently raouvaud), 300 laying
hena, brooder hous* «nd outhoutea,
orchtrd, go<id g*rd*n. Apply Mr*.
Hill, aipp.wite Dr. Beadnell's, Comox.
Lost—A Lady'* back comb nt with
diamond*.   Reward on returning to"L
The above will be paid to th* penon
giving information whioh l.lda to th*
conviction of th* party or partie* who
•hot and killed my mar* colt on th* night
of Sept., 4th, in th* vicinity of my 8. E.
comer port. Addrw*, J. L*wr*nc*. Ky*
Bay, Comox, B 0.
If yon use a LEOOKTT SPRING  and a "RESTMORE"  MATTRESS.   We carry a full line of BLANKETS, COMFORTERS and
The Furniture Store
MoPhee Block A.   McKINNON      Cumberland, B.O
Pilsener Beer
The product of Pure Malt and
Bohemian Hops
Absolutely no chemicals used
in its manufacture
sssBest on the Coasts
Pilsenep Brewing Co.,    Cumberland. B.C.
Any person or person* wishing tn
ont any fallen tiniU-r ou City Park
Lota are at liberty '" out and cai-t
same away for their own use.
Any standing timber must not lie
out or destroyed.
Any person or persons found dumping gariksge or refuse on same will be
By order of the City Counoil.
A. McKimoN,
City Clerk.
City Hall, Aug. 19th, 1910.
Notice to Advertisers.
Change advertisement! for
Saturday mornings issue must
lie in this office not later than
10 a.m. on Thursday.
See   us  about your
next printing job
Prints everything
Prints it well THK 1SLANDI
Zam-Buk Will Give You Behoi!
Wlt*n you have any doop<Boated pa n
m tlie joints, tho buck, tne wrist** or
elsowhoro, place a llbernl supply of Zam-
Huh mi the Anger* or on 'fie palm »»f
the ban and rub it In, The panotrat-
iu^ power of this embrocation -balm" in
very great. It kills pain ami removes
stiffness. Mrs. Prances Wyatt, ol 2")
Guy Avenue, Montreal, says: "I have
found /.mn link most soothing aud vain
able in a very bad rase of rheumatism,
ami also for stiffness of joints and
muscles. 1 suffered long aud acutely
from rheumatism, aud tried oue llnlmont
after another in vain. 1 also tooh medb
tines internally, but it remained for
/.am lUik to offoct a euro, I bosun applying this bttllU whenever I felt the
aches aiol  pains of  rheumatism coining
on, or felt any ut' the stiffness, Tho re*
suit was truly wonderful. Zain-i.uk
BOdmed to penetrate to the very seat of
the pains, driving taero aoinplotoly nut.
um] ! am now quite cured."
So many of the ordinary embrocations and liniments nre imperfectly
prepared and not sufficiently refined
10 penetrate oven the BklU—much lOBB
the underlying musoles. Zam link is
totally different. Zam link is so refined,
nud its essences nnd juices are so concentrated, that when rubbed into tbo
muscles for rheumatism, sciatica, sprain,
etc., its effect is very quickly felt.        j
If rubbed ou to the ohost an-l between
the shoulders In cases of bad cold on
the   chest,   Zam-Huk   will   give
Apart from its use as an embro
Zhih Huk  will be found
ordinary forms of skin disease and in
jury.     It   cures  eczema,   rashes,  ring
worm, cola-sores, ulcers abscesses, chap
varicose  veins, cute
That Reminds Ne
HE   was  an   observant   little   chap,
with a  knack of storing knowledge, wonderful in one so young.
Hut he rather spoiled himself the other
"Pn,n he said, "I hear Uncle -loe is
going to be married on Friday."
"Yes," said his ,.uther, "Uncle Joe
1ms only three days more."
The little boy sighed.
"The    last   three   days,"   he   said,
"they give them everything tn eat that
they ask fur, don't they, pat"
Zanesville,   Ohio,   they   tell   of   a
tmtig widow, who, In consulting a
at ion,
for all
l*d hands, ptl „
burns, bruises, etc. All druggists and
stores at 50c, or post free from Zaui-
liuk Co., Toronto, for price. Refuse
harmful imitations.
Polish for brown boots.—This roclpe
was sent by a contributor, who said that
ho had used it for years in the boot
trade and found it excellent. Scrape off
two ounces of beeswax, place it in a
jar with oue gill of turpentine, and dissolve it by heat. When cold, apply this
to the boots, using a flannel, Polish by
rubbing well with the palm of the
To destroy ants: (1) Slightly moisten
a large holed sponge and sprinkle sugar
over it. Tlm ants will go after the
sugar until the sponge is full, when it
caii be lifted up and dropped into a
basin of boiling water. (2) Heat together in an earthenware vessel, till dissolved, half a pound of tlower of sulphur
aud four ounces of potash. Allow the
mixture to cool, then infuse with water,
and apply to the infested place. (3)
Hoak the strougest tobacco, such as shag,
in water till the infusion smells strongly
and spriuklo it well over the haunts of
the insects.
Aa Always Beady Pill.—To those of
regular habit medicine is of little concern, but the great majority of mou are
not of regular habit. The worry and
cares of busincsa prevent it, and out of
the irregularity of life comes dyspepsia,
indigestion, liver aad kidney troubles
aa a protest. Tho inn-down system demands a corrective and there is none
better than Pnrmelee's Vegetable Pills.
They aie simple in their composition
mid can be taken by the most delicately
I. ,k. w.r tu
Save Money
Dress Well
Try It I
Slrrml. a. V/»»hln*
Silk oi Mixed <
_  . _    SO I't.sin r ol
•fid Kraiitllul Color* 10 c-rnis. from youi Umilfrat Of
Daiiai .S*ed lor Color CmO and STUH V Uo..Wt Tt>
The   Jiad.asoii- kii-.'iarrfa.j.i Co . Limutd.  Montreal
tombstone maker for her late hits
band, ended the discussion with:
''Now, Mr. .loues, all I want to Bay
is, 'To My Husband,' in an appropriate
"Very well, ma'am," said the stonecutter.
When the tombstone was put tip the
widow discovered to her ama/.emont
thnt upon it. were inscribed these words:
"To mv Husband in an Appropriate
e      *      e
'PIIKI.K is a young minister of   the
1 diplomatic corps in Washington
who is disposed to be polite, but
who is not always judicious. He was
conversing with a lady who combines
intellectual nnd physical graces with
a  considerable degree of maturity
"I havo enjoyed talking to you vory
much," he said. "It is a pleasure to
lie in the society of some who have
observed the world."
"But, Mr. Brown," she said, laughingly, "perhaps I am not so old us I
"I was always sure of that*" he
MR. BL0BB8 dined the other evening with some friends. When the
guests were seated the host bent
his head and began speaking in a subdued voice.
" Eh, what's that?" demanded
Blobbs, who sat beside him, and who is
rather deaf.
The host smiled patiently and began
again  in a louder voice.
"Speak a little louder. T don't catch
what you say," Blobbs persisted.
A low ripple of laughter went round
the tnblc. The host, bis face crimson
with embarrassment, raised his voice
still higher. The poor old man did his
best to hear, but failed.
"What did you say?" he demanded
The host cast him an angry glance.
"Bang HI I'm saying grace," he
•     e     •
HE.RK is a story from Frank Orine-
rod's "Lancashire Life and
On one occasion a census clerk, in
scanning one of the forms to sec that
it had been properly filled up, noticed
the figures 120 and 112 under the heading "Age of futher. if living," and
"Age of mother, if living."
"But your parents were never so
old, were they?" queried the astonish
ed clerk.
"No," was the reply, "but they
would ha1 tiin if livin'.''
ADAM BKPB, of Minnesota, the
humorist of the Houho of Representatives at Washington while he
was in it, and whose humor still bub
Ides, despite the fact that he was elect
ed to stay at home, tells the following
on a friend of his who travels for a
carpet firm:
"My friend," said Bcde, "is of a
saving disposition, and he recently had
to make a lffngish jaunt with two
trunks. Arriving at the statiou he approached n stranger standing on the
platform and said:
"Are you going to Chicago un this
"I am."
"Have you any baggage?"
"Well, my friend, you can do hie n'
favor, and it won't eoBt you a cent.
I've got two good sized truuks here,
and they always make me pay excess
for one. You can get ono cheeked on
your ticket and save me some money."
"Yes, but I haven't any ticket."
"But you said just now thutr you
were going on the train.''
"So I am.   I'm the conductor."
Dr. McTaggtirt. of 75 Yonge Street,
Toronto, Specialist in Curing the Liquor
aud Tobacco Habits, can he consulted
free of charge from fi p.in. to U p.m.,
every day this wee I; nt the Imperial
Hotel, Winnipeg, lie will guarantee to
eure you of the craviti" if yon will use
bis remedies a- directed.
A Boon for tho Bilious.—The liver is
a very sensitive organ and easily de
ranged, When this occurs there is un
due secretion of bile and tho acrid 1'iquid
flows into the stomach and sours it. It
is a most distressing ailment., and many
are prone to it. in this condition a man
finds the best remedy in Parmcleo's
Vegetable Pills, which are warranted to
speedily correct the disorder. There is
no better medicine in the entire list of
pill preparations,
- - '?» couihai.
iii** throat cad luoio-
cure* colds,  bcnli
•   ■   -       25 c«nla.
j/wti 9f0W i%
rjlllK United States Department of
J Agriculture is using this vear ou
the national forests more than ten
tons of tree seed. Most of this seed has
already been planted or sown. The rest
will be utilized later, as favorable conditions are presented.
It takes a great many tree seeds to
make ten tons, .lack pine, tho most
important tree for planting in the Nebraska sand hills, will average something like 188,000 to the pound. Of
western yellow pine, the tree most ex
tensively planted throughout the national forests as a whole, 10,000 seed make a
pound. Altogether the ten tons of seed
used this year represeut perhaps three
hundred million single seeds.
If every seed could bo depended on to
produce a young tree suitable for plant
ing, the result would be a supply ol
nursery stock sufficient to plant three
hundred thousand acres of land, but no
such result can bo looked for, because
many seeds do- not germinate. Most of
the seed will be sown, either brondeast
or in seed-spots, or planted with a corn-
planter, directly in the place where the
trees are to stand.    .
Even when nursery stock is raised a
liberal allowance must bo mnde for loss.
tn the first place, a considerable percentage of the seeds will be found to
bo infertile. Of those which germinate,
many will die before they leave the
nursery beds, and many more will be
lost in transplanting. If from a pound
of western yellow -pine seed that contains 10,000 indivilnal seeds 4,000 three-
year-old transplants are available for
field-planting, the Department of Agri
culture will have obtained satisfactory
There are now twenty.four national
forest nurseries, having an annual productive capacity of over eight million
seedlings. But there are many millions
of acres of old burns on the national
forests which ate waiting to be restocked, and some quicker and cheaper moth
od than the actual planting of nursery-
grown trees is urgently needed. There
fore, the foresters are making experb
ments on a large scale with different
methods of direct sowing and planting,
and most of the seed gathered last year
was obtained for this use.
Broadcasting has already been found
to give good results iu some' regions. It
was first tried in the Black Hills of
South Dakota, with an encouraging ont
come. To broadcast an acre of land
with yellow pine seed abbot eight
pounds'-of seed is used. One of the most
formidable drawbacks to this method
is the extent to which the seed may be
consumed by birds and rodents. If the
season happens to be one in which food
for these animals is scarce, tho loss is
very heavy. The problem of control
of 'animal pests, such as field-mice,
ground-squirrels, nnd, gophers, which eat
the tree seeds, and also the further problem of preventing the depredations of
rabbits, which are altogether too fond
of the little trees themselves, whether
nursery transplants or field-grown seedlings, is receiving the attention of the
Biological Survey experts of the Department of Agriculture.
In some localities the department has
had to purchase seed, but most of that
used' is gathered by Forest Service meu
themselves. The cost of gathering has
varied for the different regions from
thirty-five cents to one dollar a pound,
As a rule the seed is collected in the fall
months, when most conifers ripen their
seed. Parties of three or four men ordinarily work together. Where lumber
ing is in progress the collectors follow
from tho felled trees. In standing timber, the task is much more arduous. The
mou must oiten elimb tall pines -ml poll
tho cones from tho branches ns best they
cnn. Where these are ou tho extremities aud beyond the reach of the hand,
pruning-shears aro used. The cones arc
dropped to the ground and then gathered into buckets and transferred to sacks,
iu which they are carried to n central
point for further treatment.
The extraction of tho seeds is tedious
rather than difficult. In some aasosthe
cones nre spread out upon sheets in the
sun, when, after a time, they open and
the seeds drop out; in other cases it is
necessary to resort to artificial heat
This is applied by placing the cones up
on trays with screen bottoms and raising-tin1 temperature of the room to the
proper degree. The cones open, the
winged seeds fall out, and the seed is
afterward separated from the wings
and dirt by a fannin;;-mill. A good
many seeds havo been removed from
Ihe cone by hand, but this is a sore trial
lo the fingers of the pickers, and aa exceedingly slow process,
With the Horses
WITH every season comes up the
regular complaint of the defective character of the score card
at the average trotting meeting and tho
woeful lack of information which they
should havo. ■ Wo will admit that tho
average .secretary has much to contend
with and that owners or trainers who
enter the horses, seldom comply with
the rule which requires them to give
the pedigrees of the horses nominated
or to" say that they aro unknown, but
there can be no excuse for a scon: card
in which all the pedigrees are ignored
and even, in many cases even the color
and sex of the entries are omitted.
We have before us several of these
unfortunately not choice specimens of
turf literature and can easily understand how and why it is that the average spectator derives no intelligent interest iu the races. If he is a student
of breeding, he is hopelessly In thoi
dark for neither tlie sire, or the dam, |
or her sire appear on the program. Tin
vigilant reporter may, after a good deal
if time aud trouble, get them all right
for his report, but the public is left tn
the dark. The next important omission is placing the numbers of the drivers on the score card so that the spec
tator would thus be able to identify the
horses. The public also like to know
the names of tho drivers and that is
also omitted or simply the name of the
man nominating put, sometimes the
name of a firm and often the name of
the farm whore they were bred.
All this can be obviated and grand
improvement made at small expense by
following the Lexington plan. Every
driver must wear n colored jacket aud
cap. If he has not got them the club
provides them. The programme not
only gives the colors but also the numbers on the drivers' arms, so that every
driver is identified us well as. the
liorse he drives. The spectator can
t hns watch t he progress of t he race
with interest and unless iu a very close
finish can pick out the horscH as thoy
go under the win: as easily as the
judges. There can be little sporting
pleasure in seeing a field of unidentified
horses trot or pace around a track anil
have to wait for the formal announcement of the names of the placed horses
before the onlooker can mark his score
card. Yet that is exactly the state of
affairs on a large number of tracks from
the beginning to the end of the season
and officials wonder why the occupants,
of the grand stand manifest so little
enthusinsm. The wonder is that thoy
show any at all.
With regard to pedigrees, the rule
(No. 2) is very explicit. It states "The
entry shall give the name ami address
of the owner, also the name and color
of the horse, the name of the sire and
dam if known and if unknown, it shall
be so stated." A flue of from $5 to (50
may be inflicted for not complying with
this rule. That is just where the little
joker comes in. The owner fails to send
the pedigrees and the secretary will1 not
make a complaint which might result in
a fine to n trainer who was making
several entries to his meeting. If this
rule wns strictly enforced, many a ring
ing case could have beeu exposed as
soon as the etiti— lists reached the offices of the parent association. Every
association gains a certain amount uf
revenue from the programme privilege,
and they should insist that the man
who has it, should see the owners and
Shibhb Cure
Mtckty •tops concha,  cures celda* tieali
1km throat ud I unite.     >  •  ■     29 casta*
get all the aettflBarr laftraiation about
the horses, while the goerntury should
be able to give all the information as
to colors and numbers. There Is no
excuse for u poor score card.
LN tho evolution of her geological and
other features, Nature presents
many curious phenomena. To the
thoughtful investigator there is a very
remarkable instance to bo seen in a hill
of broken volaanic roek situated near
the city of Honolulu. The hill, in the
district of Kaimuki, is several hundred
feet high, nud, as far as it has been
opened up, is composed iu groat part
of finely divided lava, slightly adherent, but crumbling readily under slight
pressure. Not only is it finely broken
nil, but it is to a great degree sorted
out as if it had been separated by a
graduated sieve, the particles ranging
in Size from coarse dust up to nn inch
or so in diameter. The greater part of
the pieces are cylindrical in shape, with
sharp edges, as though they had been
formed by repeatedly breaking off
threads or ropes of very liquid lava.1
The most curious feature of the deposit
is its homogeneity. Hundreds of wagon
loads of any particular si/.e may readily
be obtained, the size varying in different parts of the hill, but that in any
oue spot being uniform. A pit has been
dug in the side of the hill from fifty to
one hundred feet in width and depth
and several hundred feet iu length.
from which thousands of tons have
been taken for road construction in the
vicinity. It is not known how deep
the deposit goes, but apparently it has
considerable depth.
This broken trap rock makes excel
lent macadam roads, tho coarser varieties; being used for the foundations
and the finer ones for tho top layers,
For some reason it is suid to be unstated for use iu making concrete,
though it is not known that a thorough
trial has been made of it for this purpose.
Many conjectures have beeu made as
to the manner iu which this deposit
was formed. It was undoubtedly made
by a flow of very liquid lava, blown out
of the adjacent crater by steam or gas
under heavy pressure, but how it came
to be broken into such quantities of
uniformly shaped and sized fragments
is beyond conjecture.
The sharp edges and fresh surfaces
of the fragments present an appearance
of having broken but yesterday, but it
is stated by geologists who have studied the erosion ami other features of
theeountry that the deposit has existed
in its present condition for one or two
million years
SatcnriM, Omt, October Mt, Met.
*I suffered tortwtt for seven loaf
mn tram a Water Tumor. I via
forced la take aotphfta aoaataiitly la
relieve the awful pains, sad X wanted la
die to get relief. The doctors gave nw
ap aadair Meads hourly expected mg
death. Taea I vat iadnctd to take
"Fnrit-a.tlT.rs" sad this woadarfnl ftall
■adieiaa hat completely eared aw.
Whea X appealed oa tha street agate
ay Meads excUiated "Tha dead has
com to life.' Tbe care wm a positive
■tirade."    MM. JAMES PBNWKE.
50c a boa—a for $1.50—or trial box.
■5c At dealers or fraax Prutt-a-tlves
Luaitod. Ottawa.
HE had beeu making a night af it
but had forsaken his coinpaaieas.
He was acquainted with an ue
dertaker named tleorge, and decided St
three o'clock in the morning thut he
must see this particular man. AsMid
iuglv, he found Iteorgc's uudertuhajt
establishment, over which Oeorgo boa
his sleeping apartments. The in ton
Cftted young man rang and raa*g.
George's bell, and at last awoke hia
The undertaker put his head out of the
third-storey window, expecting to Sua
that his funeral services were require*1
immediately. Instead lie recognized ki»
friend Frank.
"Well, Frank," he exclaimed cross
ly, "what do you wantf"
"1 jus' wan' tell you, tleorge," saw
Frank, "that you're tho lash man io
the wurld 1 wan' to du bushiRss with '
A New Head In 30 Minutes
Exctuingethit actiinf, throbbing, wifterlnr. muddltd baad
(or a clear, cool, comfortable 01* by taking a
NA-DRU-CO Headache Water
25c. a box at your druckasia' ot by mall Irom j8
National Drug and Chemical Co. of Canntta, Limited,   Montreal
Sackett Plaster Board
The Empire Brands of Wall Piaster
The Manitoba Gypsum Co., Limited
Afraid to Ea« ?
Does the fear of indigestion
It needn't." Just tak
and you won't know you have a stomach. They will see to it
that your food is properly digested. They are among the
best of the NA-DRU-CO preparations, compounded by
expert chemists and guaranteed by the largest wholesale
druggists in Canada. 50c. a box. If your druggist has not
stocked them yet, send us 50c. and we will mail you a box.
Father, Mothor and Daughter after
.   Yoara of suffering are mado healthy
and hippy by great Canadian Kidney
St. Loon Stundon, Dorchester Oo.,
t^ue.-— (Speejal).—That Dodd's Kidney
Pills have \m equol as a family medicine
is proved conclusively by the statement
of Mr. Gf'orgo Liu-asse, a well known
resident of this place. His statement
given for publication is:
"Por twelve years T had pains in the
small of my back. My head would ache
and my muscles would cramp. Dodd's
Kidney Pills cured me.
"My wife was troubled with Kiduey
Disease. Dodd's Kidney Pills cured her,
"My little girl had nervous trouble.
She was so bud that she could not keep
her hands and feet quiet. Dodd's Kidney Pills cured her."
ts it any wondor that Mr. Locasso Is
nhouting the praises of Dodd's Kidney
Pills. lie has learned through experience as have thousands of other Canadians that Dodd's Kidney Pills cure
Kidney Disease no matter whero it appears, or In what form it is found.
Dodd's Kidney Pills should always find
a place in the family medicine chest.
Let us buy a 50-cent bottle of Psychine (pronounced
Si-keen) from your druggist and give it to you
(free) to prove its great value.
Psyohln*  ia  th*  greatest   ritallty tor the recovery of their wounded at
builder of the age. the Japanese army.
For thirty years Psychine has been And all because the Japanese knew
curing almost every disease that is due how to let the white corpuscles cure,
to run-down vitality.
There are two kinds of corpuscle*
in your blood, you know, red and
The red carry nutrition, the white
are the policemen or scavengers of tha
Whenever a disease germ enters the
body, these white corpuscles attack and
literally eat il.
I a Grippe
Sore Throat
Female Weakoeae
i'oi.r ApuetlU)
Chill" ami Ko.ern
HlceplcneH. anil
Bronchi*) —
Weak Lung*
Weak Voice
BpriiiK W...;__.
Catarrhal Atltot****
Calarrli of S.
Went Sweat*
ohMtinate Coosfca
* Baud
laryngitis a
AiterefTect* ef Pl.nrlsy, rnoamocaa a**t
La Urippe.
Hundreds of thousands have used
Psychine with wonderful beneficial results.
We have received thousands of unsolicited testimonials from people
whom Psychine has cured, of in many
cases, hopeless ailments.
There are still thousands of people
suffering from disease, however, whom
Psychine cau bcneilt.
There are stll'l thousands who are
trying  10  cure  themselves  by  wrong   .        ,.    „,„ .„   .,,      . „„. .   „,-. .
™„od, who are using dangerous and      ,»„•*„»"„  ,   « -    0»dJfflM
hurtful medicines. „„„,,,,,_   „„"„„?,„/  lb'aM   ,inw(.|come
There are still thousands who aro diaeauo germs
gradually  losing  their  vitality—from      .       ,,   . . . ._ ,. We will undoubtedly buy and dbrtrt-
whose body Ihe necessary resisting *■/ llla('"^ ra'1 b« r"ri'' h*_°>«" hute In tills manner, hundreds of thoo-
power to disease is slowly but surely whllf corpuscles If they be In sufficient gandg 0( („eg0 B0<ent boUle, of p,r
.iinnino ava< number or strong enough to allack and  .,hlni,
.lipping «»»>• devour the gem)S lbat cause lhe d|g. <"»»••
There are still those who soon will eagc B And we do that to show our entire
hear the dread "call In the night" If ,f-thev are not ,„ sufflclent numbers conlldence In this wonderful prepare-
they do not take prompt action. or 8tTength, then   the  disease germs tlon-      ..        .... „     K„.„ „„_- „„
To these we have the above message,     , th     and d, , ,      llie6Dody.     A confidence that has been based on
"!z.: _.   .,   ,. . ., '    our 30   years   experience   with   thi*
"Let us buy a 50-cent bottle of P*y-     ^hat" a* ??us,e °r ,cvery al9ea8e t0 eplendW preparation with a full kn.w-
  '"' ledge of the hundreds of thousands of
cures It has made.
That's why we believe It will k*
beneficial to you.
Now wo don't ask you to take our
word for the tremendously beneficial
effect of Psychine.   Pill out the coupon
. ,,  , ,. below, mull it 10 us, and we'll gtr*
*m*rA,i!!! , tra r™.cls<',iB„e™! y<>u »« onl(,r °" y°,ir «>uggi«t (tor
*°     .... «    .»  wn|cn wo puv nim |U(, regular retail
price) for a fiO-ceut bottle of Psyohln*
to be given you free of cost.
chlneVoVyour druggisrini firV'tt WDlCB ■»">»«/ Is heir.
10 you, tree, to prove ils great value," •
That O0-cent bottle of Psychine will
tell you more powerfully than mere For centuries the cure of disease has
words can how tremendously beneficial be*" "7 means of herbs—nature's rente-
Psychine will be for you. ■•J*.
It will give yon an unmistakable In- JVi^om/t!! knnww tSSFiSSZ
dlcation of its wonderful power to re- *e have come to know bo" thes« nerb,
new the bodily vitality, to strengthen >,     .„,„„„„,. ,.„ „„ ,,,„_ ,-..„..
.u   nknnn...> .„ .»h» -.Vi.,. nr.™..a~i*a\ Now scientists tell us they increase
the phagocytes (the white corpuselea), gtreng,h and nun,Der8 of the white
the  policemen  or  scavengers of  th* ..„_.j„ "."".„„"..
corpuscles or phagocytes.
In Psychine we have some of the
_._,,_ ...    moat healing and beneficial herbs In
The Surgical Department of the tBe wortd> nerl)s that Increase and
Japanese Army, In the Japo-RnsBlan ,trengthen the white corpuselea.
wh,,e corpuscle. ., th, blood ., ph* Jg* America  another. CttUyv ttt
Foreign medical men were a.tonnded iu»«'« of «»«»«•"» » '»«».
to see Japanese soldiers with wonnda     All these herbs are recognised by the
that had not been cleansed or dressed medical profession as being the most
for days, that were apparently dirty, beneficial to health that they know.
Ill-kept, and altogether unsanitary. That's why Psychine, in the third of
Vet these dirty wounds healed mar- a century It has been made, has cured
fellonsly; no army the world had e»er hundreds of thousands of people w&o
known had »uch a wonderful record luitered from the following dlsrana:
To th*  Dr.  T. A. SLOCUM, Lad.
195-195 Spadina Ave.. Toronu.
1 accent your offer to t ry a SOo. bottle
of Psyohlne (pronounced Si keen) *.
your cxpenne. 1 have not had u flOo.
bottle of Psychine under this plan.
Kindly advise my druggist to deliver
this bottle to me.
My Name. ■ ~ —
Street and Number	
My Druggist's Nam*.	
Street tod Number	
This coupon Is not good for a 60c. botUe
of Paychiu* if presented to the dragad*.
—It must be sent us—w* will then bay
th* AOe. bottle of Psychine from 700.
druggist and direct him to deliver U to
you. This offer may he withdrawn al
any tltne without notice. Send ooup**
Wi   I Har
 /~i *«-n >->. «-^ Ilk"-.0'
NE autiinn 1 watched a beaver e<
ouj aid observed the custom* o
its pttmitive Inhabitants us tho;
gathered tlidr harvest for wintc\ 1
was tho splm't* Tree colony, tho (host
a tractive ole of the sixteen s^e.aver.
•unic.ipulitl's in trftV'li.g moraine, on
the slope ol Long's Peak—which is Tu'
the Ooloradl RoUMMfi « ,„,        ~";/
The flrstlevoning I concealed myself
•tasc to thepoavor ."house" by the edge
•f the pond. Just nt minuet a large,
aged beaver of striking, piitriachal up-
ptfarunco, rune iu the water oy tho house
and swam slowly, stloritly uround tho
•end. He kept close to the shore and
appeared tu be scouting to see if an
■memy lurked near. Ou completing tho
circuit of the poud he climbed upon the
md of a log tlmt wus thrust a few foot
•at into tho water,
Presently several other beaver appear-
id iu tho water close to the house.    A
few of those ut once loft tho pom) nnd
 - n *"—    The
■•seil quietly about on tho shore,
tthers swain about for some minutes
aid thou jot nod their comrades on land,
where all rested for a time.
Meanwhile the used heaver had lifted
a small aspen limit uut of tho wator
% ad wus squatted on the log, leisurely
bark,      Before  many     •—*--
fttrting   Dnrit*       w.v..   	
■•lapsed tho other beaver became restless
aad linally started up the slope iu a
runway. They traveled slowly iu single
AW nud one by ono vanished amid the
•all sedge. The old beaver slipped noise
laasly into tho water and u series of low
waves pointed toward the house. It wus
•ark, und Murs wns gently throbbing in
the black and rippling water as I stole
away in silence for the night.
laduntry aud tu
Beaver nre a primitive folk of marked
uch skill.   Homo of thoir
♦f engineers.
fceu.se "of their own ~ „.
It is made of mud aud sticks nud com
••nly is e'""      ' ~"~       *
Most beaver live  In a
building; this usual-
01   IIII1U » ..-
.ither iu the shallow wuter of
a lake, near the shore, or iu a pond form-
ad hy one of thoir dams, They generally
■sain tain good roiuls and excellent
waterways. In old colonies there usual
ly is an extensive. BVfltom of long sub
terranean passages. Their food consists
largely of the bark of deciduous trees,
supplemented at times with grasB
r«Qts of wuter plants,
r.hey cut saplings
or flout these to ..._ .
(hem in the water close by it. Aspen
hark is tho favorite food of North Am
•rtcan beaver. After aspen would como
the bark of willow, cottonwood, aider
aad birch.
This was nn old bouved settlement and
tvhe numerous harvests gathered by its
Each autumn
and small trees, drag
the  house, and  pile
aoarby growths of aspen.   An   »»»
Z It ?h* asppn mfa**$" "
tioU  Of  ilia  »tj|'y**  —, i   - ■
fhe lines of transportation—tho run
ways, canals und ponds—indicated thut
ihis year's harvest would havo
hrought a long distance; the place it
- would come from wus an aspen grove
•t up the slope, about quarter of a mile
distant from the main house, and per
taps 120 feet above it. In this grove
1 eut three notches in the trunks of sov
ural trocs; those would enable mo to
identify the trees whether in tho garnered pile by u house or along the line
•f transportation to it.
The grounds of this colony occupied
-evernl acres on a terraced, moderately
•*i*ep slo[Hi of u mountain moraine.
Along ouo side rushed a swift stream ou
whi.'h the colonists umintuinod three
•nt little used ponds. On tho opposite
fttie were the elope and summit of the
■•mine. There was a largo pond at
ihs bottom, und one or two small
pands, or water-filled basins, dotted each of tho five terruces which
rose above. Tho entire grounds worn
perforated with subterranean passageways or tunnels.
Beaver commonly fill their ponds by
'lamming a brook or a river. Hut this
■olony obtained most of its water sup-
Ip from springs poured forth nbundnnt-
on the uppormost terrace, whero tho
ly on the upp. ,—
water was led into ouo pond and a num
her of basins. Overflowing from these,
It either made u merry, tiny cascade or
want to lubricate a slide on the short
"        ~:ls ou the tor-
<lopes which led to tho ponds
rase below.    Tho waters fn
rom nil ter
races were gathorcd into a largo pond
at the bottom.    This  pond   measured
the grass
lio/w\ehJeAlhedJb thi
mil wRrnew^tffrl probably had
been dug especially for this harvest. For
WfELlaUfi *tlV lo."ojtU it^was quite
'mr antf had, an average
" Inches and a depth of
mud„dug jn making it
along tlm lower srde.
xed moro like the work
mail with a shovel, than of
beaver without tools. Heepago aud
overflow water from the ponds above
tilled nnd flowed slowly through it and
out at the farther end, where it swept
down the long slide into tho big pond.
Through this canal the logs had been
taken one by one. At the farther end
1 found tne largest log; it probably had
been too heavy to heavo out of tho
canal; tracks in the mud Indicated that
there was a hard tussle before it was
('lose to tho big house a few aspen
leaves fluttered ou twigs iu tho water.
Evidently some large pieces of aspen
were sunk beneath—the pile of winter
supplies was started, t'ould it be that
the aspen which I had marked ou the
mountain side a quarter of a mite distant so short u time before, ami which
1 had followed over slope and slide,
canal aud basin, was now piled ou the
bottom of thls'pondf I waded out into
the water, prodded around with a pole
nnd found several small logs. Dragging
one of these to the surface, I. found
there were throe notches on it.
Scores of aspens wore felled in the
grove where the notched ones wero.
They were trimmed, cut into sections,
and limbs, logs and all takon ovor the
route of the one L had followed, and at
last placed in a pile beside tho big
house. This harvest gathering wont on
for a mouth. All around wns busy,
earuost preparation for winter. The
squirrels from tho tree tops kept a rattling rain of cones on the loaf-strewn
forest floor; thu cheery chipmunk foraged and frolicked among tho withered
leaves iind plants, while aspens witli
leaves of gold foil before tho ivory
sickles of the beaver. Splendid glimpses,
grand views I had of this Harvest Home
epic so strange. How busy tho beavers
were! They wero busy in the grove
on the stoop mountain side; they tugged logs along tho runways; thoy hurried them across the water basins,
wrestled with them in canals and merrily piled them by the rude home in
the water. 1. wntehed thorn through
the changing hours; I saw their shadowy
activity in the starry, silent night; I
saw them hopefully leave home for the
harvest groves in thu serene and
thoughtful twilight, and with thoughts
for other days, watched them alertly
work in fhe light of the noonday sun.
Most of the aspens were cut off be
neutli thirteen and lilt on inches above
the ground. A few stumps wore less
than live inches high, while a number
were four feet high; these high cut
tings probably were made from trunks
of lodged aspens which were afterward
The average diameter of the aspens
cut was four and one-half inches ut tho
top of the stump. Numerous seedlings
of au inch diameter wore cut, and the
largest tree foiled for this harvest measured fourteen innhos across tho stump.
This Iiiui been laid iow only a few hours
before I found it, und a bushel of white
chips and cuttings encircled the lifeless
stump like a wreath, lu falling, the
top hud become entangled iu au alder
thicket and lodged six feet above tho
ground. It remained iu this position for
several days and was aparuntly abandoned; but the last time I wont to see
it the alders which upliold it were being
cut. away. Although the alders were
thick upon the ground, only those which
had upheld the aspen had been eut.    It
i thf£utft ^jerv'iyotl^r jn£t
i left uncut iu,a place when
♦  — ■■■'■ —a* i. i ,_  at.
HH feet in  circumference
grown  dam   wus  six  feet
•'.rooked ami 400 feet long,    lu its up
per edge stood the main house, which
*as eight feet high and forty feet in
'ircumferonce.   There was also another
house on one of the terraces.
After  notching  the  aspens   I   spent
*o»o time exploring the colony grounds
and did not return to tho marked trees
until forty-eight    hours    had  elapsed.
Harvest had begun, and ono of the lurg-
int notched trees hud been felled and
removed.    Its  gnawed  stump  wus  six
inches  in  diameter   nud   stood   fifteen
inches high. The limbs had been trimmed off and ti number of these lay sent-
r-ered around the slump. The eighteen-
foot trunk  had  been  cut into lengths
•f from three to six feet; then these lit
tlo logs were started toward Ihe harvest
pile.   Wondering for which house these
logs were intended, I followed, hoping1
to trace and trail them to tho house, or
dnrt  them   en   route.     From   the   spot
where cut, the logs were evidently roll-
nd down a steep, grassy, seventy-foot
slopo; at the bottom of tins, dragged an
sqnal distance  over    a    level  stretch,
among some lodgepolo pines; nnd then
pushed or dragged along n narrow runway that had beeu cut through n rank
Hjrowth of willows. Once through the
willows, they were pushed into the ii]
permost pond. AcrosB this thoy wero
taken, forced over tho dam on the opposite side, nnd shot down a slide into
the pond which contained the smaller
houBe. Only forty-eight hours before,
the Httlo logs which I wns following
wore in tree, und now T expected to find
them by this house. Tt was good work
to havo gotten them so quickly to this
place. But no logs could be found by
the house or in the pond. The folks nt
this place had not yet laid up anything
for winter.
On the opposite side of this pond I
found where tho logs had been dragged
across the broad dam nnd then heaved
into a lontF wet slide which landed them
in a small, shallow harbor in the gross.
From this point a canal about eighty
feet long ran around the brow of tho I
-hamet and ended over the top of a I cine'Co,, Brockville   Ont
Criticil Period When Dr. William's- Pink Pills ire a Real
Dr.   Williams'   Pink   Pills aro  absolutely the finest medicine that ever a
woman   took.     At   special   periods   a
woman   needs  a   medicine  to  regulate
her blood supply or her life will In* a
rouud of pain und suffering.    It is at
such   times  that   Dr.   Williams'   J 'in U
Pills are worth  tlieir weight  iu gold,
for  they   make   now,  rich  blood,  that
banish   the   secret  symptoms   of    distress   that   only   women   and   growing
girls   know.     They   strengthen   every
vital  organ   for  its special  task,  ami
bring  rosy  cheeks and  shapely   forms
that  tell of womanly  health aud  hap
piness.    Mrs. Kichard   liobb, Itcd Deer,
Altu.,  says:   "At  that  critical   period
in my life known as tho chnugo I suffered as much that I hardly hoped to
pull  through.    I   doctored  for  months,
but did not get any relief, and I grew
so weak that I could hardly walk about,
and iO-wns impossible for me to do my
hosework.   Only women who have suffered  similarly   can  tell   how  much   I
endured—Ihe constant misery, the drag
ged out  feeling and the terriblo back
iii-hes that beset me.    No woman could
havo been  in a  more wretched eondi
tion than I was nt this time, nnd it wns
then   that  my  nttontion   was  directed
to Dr.  Williams' Pink Pills,    t got a
half-dozen boxes and before they were
all gone there was a good improvement
iu my condition.    Then I got six more
boxes and before I hnd usod them nil
1 felt like a new woman and was enjoying better health than I had done
for years.   Not only have Dr. Williams'
Pink Pills proved a Mossing to me, but
thoy also  worked  a  great change  in
the case of my daughter, who wns in
a vory miserable- condition after childbirth.    I know also of two young girls
whom 1 believe  would  have  been   in
their graves now but for the  use  of
Dr. Williams' Pink Pills.   Considering
what they have done for me and what
T have seen them do for others,   I am
justified   in   my   enthusiasm   for  this
medicine, and I nevor lose an opportunity to recommend it."
Sold by all medicine dealers or by
mall at 50 cents a box or six boxes
for $2.50 from The Dt Williams' Medi*
m i>e«i ion uncut m(a place where
ere B»av«*uJo^,fqr harvfijtf ''Mil
ueij**i*»«•*- »«.**.» i!*— ih*'*A»j*a
One —s^.^.^.^.^.^.^^^—
realized UmV.tfa topd,iQ(,ltbfi1.a^tfe,7t,
-wet*iaMittiiglOd,,aijn iuterloeked iu the
nilTbs ofwruwiiiaiii.Tflpruces und would
not full ft cnt oil' at tbn.iiottffiu. ./I'M*
and oue other were the only large oue>
that werp felled; the tops of those had
been rocfsily released i>y the overturn-
iug of sjjiine spruces aud the breaking
of * several, branches nn- others. Other
atterenf large aspens wero loft uncut,
but nil of these wore clasped iu the
arms of nearby spruces.
It was the habit of these colonists to
transfer a treo to the harvest pile
promptly after cutting it down. Hut
one morning 1 ion ml lugs ou slides, in
canals, and unfinished work in the
grove, as though everything had beeu
suddenly dropped iu the night whon
work was at its height. Coyotes had
howled freely during the night, but
this was not uncommon. In going ovor
the grounds I found the explanation
of this untidy work in a bear track and
numerous wolf tracks, freshly molded
in tho muddy places.
After the bulk of the hnrvost was
gathered, I went one dav to tint opposite
side of the moraine and briefly observed the methods of the Island beaver
colony. The ways of tho two were in
some things very different. lu the
Spruce Tree colony tho custom was to
move the felled aspen promptly to the
hnrvost pile. In the Island colony the
custom wus to cut down most of the
hnrvost before transporting any of it to
the pile beside the house. Of the ill"
trees that hnd been felled for this harvest, 127 were still lying where they
fell. However, tho work of transporting wns getting under way; a few logs
were iu the pile beside the house and
numerous others wero scattered along
the canals, runways, uud slides between
the house and the harvest grov
Thore was more wasted labor, too, in
the Island colony. This was noticeable
iu the attempts that had beeu made to
fell limb entangled trees that could not
fall. Ono five-inch aspen had three
times been cut oil' ;.t the bottom. The
third cut was more than three feet from
the ground, uud was made by a beaver
working from tho top of a fallen log.
Still this high cut aspen refused to come
down und there it hung like a collapsed
balloon entangled iu tree-tops.
Beforo tho white man came it is prob-
nble that beaver did most of their work
in the daytime. But at present, except
in the most remote localities, day work
is perilous, Prowling hunters have com
polled most beuver to work nt night,
The Spruce Tree colony was un isolated
oue, and occasionally its members worked and even played in the sunshine.
I'iiicli day 1 secluded myself, kept still
nud waited; and ou a few occasions
watched them us they worked iu tho
One windy day, just us 1 was un roping myself from the shaking limb of a
spruce, four beaver wero plodding along
iu single file beneath. Thoy had come
out of a hole between tho roots of the
spruce. At au aspen growth about fifty
feet distant they separated. Though
they had been closely assembled, each
appeared utterly oblivious of the presence of the others. One squatted on
the ground by an aspen, took a bite of
bark out of it and ate leisurely. By
and by he rose, clasped the aspen with
fore paws and began to bite chips from
it systematically. He wns deliberately
cutting it down. The most aged beaver
waddled near an aspon, gazed into its
top for a few seconds, then moved away
about ten teet uud started to fell a five-
inch aspen. The one rejected was entangled ut the top. Presently tho third
beaver selected a tree, and after some
trouble to get comfortably seated, or
squatted, also began cutting. The fourth
beaver disappeared aud I did not see
him again. While I was looking for this
one the huge, aged beaver whoso vener
able appearance had impressed me the
first ovonlng appeared on the scene. Ho
nine out of a hole beneath some spruces
about a hundred feet distant. He look
ad neither to right nor left, nor up nor
lown, us he ambled toward tho aspen
growth. When nbout half way there ho
wheeled suddenly aud took an uneasy
survey of the open he had traversed,
though lie had beard an enemy behind. Then witli aparently stolid indifference he wont on leisurely, and for a
time paused among tho cutters; they
did nothing to indicate that they realized his presence. He ate some bark from
a green limb on the ground, moved on
and went into the hole beneath me. He
appeared so large thnt I afterward
measured the distance between tho two
aspens where he paused. He was not
less than three and one-half feet long
und probably weighed fifty pounds. He
hail all his toes; there was no white
spot on his body; In fact, there was
neither mark nor blemish hy which I
could positively identify him. Yet 1
feel that in my month about the colony
I beheld the patrinch of the first evening in several scenes of action.
Sixty-seven minutes after the second
homer began catling he made a brief
pause; then he suddenly thudded the
ground wilh his tail, hurriedly took out.
(vw more chips and ran away, with
the other two beavei a little iu advance,
just as his four inch aspen settled over
and then fell. All paused for a time
eliiso to the hole beneath mo and then
the old beaver returned to his work.
Tho one (hat hud felled his treo fol
lowed closely nud at oncn began Oil
another aspen. The other boavor, wilh
his aspen hnlf cut off, wont into tho
hole and did not ngain como oul. By
and by an old and u young beaver cuuic
out of the hole. Tho young ouo began
cutting limbs off tho recently felled
treo; but he ignored the work already
done, and finally severed the trunk
about four inches above tho cut mado by
the other, Suddenly the old beaver
whacked the ground nnd ran. At thirty
feet distant he paused and nervously
thumped the ground with his tail while
watching his aspen slowly sottle, then
fall. Then ho went into the hole beneath me.
This year's harvest was so much larger than usual that it may be the population of this colony had boon iucroasod
by the arrival of emigrants from a
persecuted colony down in the valley.
Tho total hnrvost numbered 443 tree's.
These made a harvest pile four foot high
and ninety feet in circumference. A
thick covering of willows was placed on
top of the harvest pile—I cannot tell
for what reason unless it was to sink
all the aspen below reach of the ice.
-   ■ t-
POWDER     .
Does not contain Alum t
Used according to directions, Dr. ,1.
I>. Kellogg*s Dysentery Cordial will afford relief iu too most acute form of
summer complaint. Whenever the ut
tuck manifests itself no time should be
lost in seeking tho aid of the Cordial.
It will net inituedHitely on the stomach
and intestines and allay the irritation
and pah). A trial of it will convince
anyone of the trutu of these assertions.
This bulk of stores together with numerous roots of willow and wnter plants,
which iu tho water are eaten from the
bottom of the pond, would support a
numerous beaver population through the
days of ice nnd snow.
On the last tour through the colony
everything wns ready for winter long
and cold; dams Were iu repair uud ponds
wore brimming ovor with wator: the
fresh coats of mud on the houses were
freezing to defy enemies, and a bountiful harvest was home. Harvest-gathering is full of hope ami romance. What
a joy it must be to every man or animal
who has a hand in it, what a satisfaction, too, for all dependent upon a harvest, to know that there is abundance
stored for all the frosty days.
Tho people of this wild, si range, picturesque colony had planned nud prepared well. I wished them a winter un*
visited by cruel fate or foe, and trusted
that when promising, (lower-filled .him*
came again the fat nud furry young
beaver would play with tho aged oue
amid tiger lilies in tho shadows of the
big spruce trees.—Recreation.
How Men of War are Rescued From a
Watery Grave
WARSHIPS uro expensive articles,
and the wreck of one may coat
anything from u few thousands
of pounds in the case of a torpedo boat
to nearly two millions if a modem
Dreadnought be wrecked. Therefore,
when a warship is piled up on a rocky
coast or lost by collision iu compnra-
tively shallow water, tho Admiralty
strain every nerve to salve it, so that
it may be once more employed on active service.
Time alone will show whether the
cruiser Bedford cau be got afloat again,
but the Admiralty has had so many
remarkable salvage successes in the
past thut it will not lose her without
an effort to save her. Even sunken
battleships huve been raised und
brought once more itito use, while the
Japanese, who are rendering all the
assistance iu their power, were able
to save so many damaged ships belonging to the Russians, including that almost hopeless wreck the V'jiryng, thut
we may look oil the efforts now being
mado with hope.
If a warship runs aground on u gently shelving sandbank iu good weather,
it is merely n case of lightening her
and then towing her off at high water,
but if tho bank is a steep one and the
weather is bad, a vessel may easily
break her back and become a total
There are mnny ingenious methods of
getting a warship off a reef if she is
not too fast aground. A year or two
ago thu battleship Commonwealth, of
KvlOO tons, ran ashore on an uncharted
reef in the Lamlash Channel. The engines were put astern, but she did not
move, so the entire crew were mustered
aft and ordered to jump in company.
After a quarter of an hour of this exercise she began to sway und eventually
slid off into deep wuter, when collision
mats were placed over the holes, and she
wiiv, brought into' harbor, The third-
class cruiser Pyramus was refloated in
a similar manner after running ashore
iu Australian watora a fow years ngo.
Then there wns another big battleship, the Victorious, which went ou the
mud iu a heavy gale at Port Said. At
tempts to tow her off failed, uud then
the engineer of the Suez Canal suggested placing a dredger ou either side of
her to clear away the mud and sand, lu
order to prevent this settling back a jet
of water was directed under the bottom
nf the stranded ship, and after nearly
two days' work she was got hack into
deep water.
Hut nil salvage work is not so easy
as this. It may be that a ship strikes
on a rock which penetrutes her bottom
many places, so that the rise and
of the tide or bad weather makes
her roll, thus enlarging the holes and
causing other rocks to enter her skin.
He fore any work is douo theso pinnacles
of rock must bo blown off with dynamite, and the holes stopped to prevent
nre water entering.
Such was the case of the ironclad
Howe, which ran on the rocks off Ferrol
in L892, where she remained fast for
many weeks. A good part of the ship
was under water, but n Swedish salvage
coinpnnv succeeded in saving her, After
blowing sway the jugged rocks with
small charges of dynamite, a large iron
shield to tit over the damaged places
was constructed and placed in contact
by divers. This was made watertight,
and huge pumps cleared tho interior of
water. Then more of the rock was
blasted away until, bv moans of lighters, she was eventually floated off and
towed into harbor.
Another battleship rescued from the
clutches of tho sea was the Sultan, sunk
iu the Go/.o Channel off Malta soveral
years ago. An Italian firm raised her
after she had been under water for 167
days. Divers removed the projections
of rock in tho same manner and stopped
the hides with wood, bricks, and a special cement. Then, when nil was in
readiness, she was pumped dry, and
once more flonted.
One of the greatest triumphs of the
salvage engineer was tho refloating of
the cruiser Gladiator about, two years
ago, an expensive victory, ns the work j
cost some $850,000, and the vessel was
The Famous
Gives the Best Light at Any Price
When yo'j pay more than the Rayo
price for a lamp, you are paying; for extra
decorations that cannot add to the quality
of the light. You can't pay for a better
light, because there Is none. An oil light
has the least effect on the human eye, and
the Rayo Lamp Is the best oil lamp made,
though low In price. You can pay $5, $10,
or $20 for some other lamp, and although
you get a more costly lamp, you can't
get a better light than the white, mellow,
diffused, unflickering light of the low-
priced Rayo.
Haa a strong, durable shade-holder. Thi* season's burner adds to the strength and appearance.
Made ot solid brass, nickeled, and easily polished.
Once a Rayo User, Always One
Omm Betnshm.
It sot si yours, mittfer
  circular to ISi ntartst agrncy o/thl
The Imperial OU Company
T»mr OrvscUt  Will T»II Ttl
 By* Ktimtdy Relieves Son Rye*
•trengthena Wotk Eye». Doean't Smart,
Soothes Eye Pain, and Sella for Wc. Try
Murine In lour Eyes and In Baby's
Sras far fcV*ly Eyelids and Oraaulattaa.
then sold as old iron, it will be remembered 6litit she wus sunk after colliding
with the liner,St. Puul in the Solent.
I'Viug ou one side, she was almost
covered by the ben, and the vertical
deck wus u muss of moro or less damaged gear. Home idea of tho work before the salvors may he gathered from
the fact thut when she wus eventually
got into dock it was found thut she
hud a hole liftv foot long right down to
her bilge keel.
A smart piece of salvage, carried out
entirely by tho Navy, was tho liftiug of
torpedo-bout 111), which wus sunk in lr>0
feet of wnler during trials off Perry
Mead, Torbay.
After the wreck had been located,
lighters were moored directly above it,
nud divers fastened six inch hawsers to
stout wire netting passed under the
boat, mo taut the strain of slinging her
.should nut damage her further.
At low tide the hawsers wore hauled
taut, and when the waters rose the
lighters towed her towards the shore
until the ebb caused her to ground once
Then the hawsers were tightened
once again, and at next high tide she
was towed further in, until by stnii&SS-
ful stages she was eventually grounded
in sixteen feet of water ut filbiiry Cove.
Although her beck was broken, her guns
were removed, her holes stopped, aud
after being cut in two she wns towed to
Devouport nud the two halves joined.
This wus probnbly one of the neatest
und quickest bits of salvage work the
Navy hns ever carried out.
THK behavior of birds, especially of
gulls, in the neighborhood of Marconi stations, and recent losses
among homer pigeons, huve given rise
to the belief that the wiretes waves
have interfered with the instinctive
knowledge of direction that birds possess.
Tho why of a bird has always been u
mystery. Tho swallow does uot guide
itself by the sailor's stars, for (light
is made more often by day than by
night. Nor does it make use of landmarks, so far as we cau surmise, since
the flight is frequently led by the young.
This "sixth wenso" affords, therefore,
some means of determining direction
through a medium unknown lo man.
The flights of homer pigeons arc less
wonderful, except in the matter of
speed, than the llight:* of the wild bird;
yet, they, too, have the migrant's gift
and can (ravel over wido seas as the
season dictates.
Minis and certain animals appear to
be extra Hi'iisil ive to disturbing in flu
euces imparled through the air. Naturalists have givt-a evidence of the res
ponsivenOBS oi animals to thunder,
Horses before an earthquake wilt trem
bio and refuse to leave their stalls, and
Externally or Internally, it Is Good.—
When applied externally by brisk rubbing, Dr. Thomas' Kclcctric Oil opens
the pores mul penetrates the tissue us
few liniments do, touching the seat of
the trouble and immediately affording
relief. Administered internally, it will
still the irritation iu the throat which
induces coughing uud will euro affections of the bronchial tubes and respira
tory orguns.   Try it, and bo convinced.
u monkey (ly for protection to its master. Highly strung persons, women especially, huve similar sensations.
Of tho travelling instinct nud the
sense of direction in birds a plausible
explanation is the popular idea that
they and somo animals have what is
called an "electric" sense, meaning
that they are, so to speak, in touch with
the ether, thnt mysterious "fluid"
which carries messages from the Marconi slatiom-. And if birds are so at
tuned, it is easy to imagine that the
course of the earth, the incidence of
the seasons, tho movements of light,
convey to bird senses curious and cer
tain news. Supposing, therefore, that
living things cun feel what the Mar
coni receivers record, it is not difficult
to understand the confusion in a bird's
instinctive sensations, and how these
abrupt vibrations from the stations
would war with its previous electric experience.
No sttrgicul operation
in removing corns if llol
Cure be used.
is    necessary
lowavV Corn
IN certain districts of Sium the girl
who, at an uncertain age, has failed
to find u husband, becomes u
"daughter of tho King." Tho King
undertakes to look after, these adopted
daughters to the extent of providing
each with a husband.
The royal method is quite simple.
Any prisoner in a Siamese penitentiary
cau secure a pardon uud liberty by
marrying one of this class. As might
be expected, old maids are at a premium
among long-term men. Whether or not
they arc already married makes no difference, ns men of Siam are not restricted to a single wife. No provision
is made for disapproval on tho part of
the lady—the King has given his royal
word that she shall have a husband, and
that settles it.
"The Biggest Circulation"—A million copies of Mr, Itooscvelt's book on
his African hunting trip have been ordered as a first edition. This is a record for a hook of sport, and probably
for any fully illustrated book of tho size
nnd prlco,
Cruel School Desks—Dr. luttlewood,
of Mansfield, says that 80 per cent, of
the children in a Nottinghamshire
(Kng.), school which he inspected bad
curvature of the spine, due to tho shape
of tho desks, which were constructed for
the comfort uot  of the children but of
thu adults attending Sunday services iu
tin   school.
Ret, Weak, Wvarr* Watery Hyaa.
Relieved By Murine Kye llemedy. Try
Murine For Your Kye Trouble*. Yea
Will Like Murine. It Soothea. Wc Al
Your Drurclsta. Write For Bye Book*.
Free.   Murine 1 "     	
> Kye Ilemedy Co., Toronta*
Capital $5,000,000
Reserve *5,700,000
©F eftNAOft
Drarta Issued In any currency, payable all over th* world
hlghost current rates allowed on deposits of SI and upwards
CUMBERLAND, B.C., Branch-   -   -     OPEN DAILY
H. F. Montgomery, Manager
We have recently received a
Carload of McLAUGHLIN
Carriages and Buggies,
and are prepared to quote
lowest prices and best terms.
give us a call.
MePIiee &
Mm t ison
General Merchants, Courtenay.
The  Russell
The only Car Macli
in    An e !'•■'   «i
thi   '
\ ,.
. . . bt) ie . . .
Cleveland, Brantford, Massey-Harris, Perfect nnd Blue Flyer Bicycles; lairbanKs lnorse G»s Engines; also the Moore Gasoline
Lighting Systems. Oliver Typewriters. Repairing of all kinds.
Jlicyclet, Sewing Machines, (Juns, etc.     Seiuori and Skates ground.
Rubber Tint far llaby Carriages.    Hoops Jor Tubs
Visiting can!* at tlif> Islander ut
f iou.
.lob wmk ? You en net what you
Pwant whon you want it »> Tim Islander
i ..   1)5
U" your .iwn «!»ippi ■.     3>e M Kn
tell  for  Ciniao  FruitR,   Coufoutionuiy
. il lev Cio>m jv!5
The Iloynl Hank of Canada havo
leoided lo open their hranrh ai Court,
may on Friday aa well »h Tuesday's
ul eaoh week
UO'Jpullit.. h.lchiit'llC'J
fromJdn.liiiMdv.il. laid 3TSSQ ••••
which .Did at whole.ale price*
met       •       '       • «10l<». 19
foil al Iced lor nmt t>»rlod     911.05
$ S08.O7
Avernae profit por bird for
l-ild.u*        • • •
1 lako iliis opportunity of thank-
iuo, nil those who who tried to com-
fot-r in-.' in my reueni brevemont by
the death of my wife Mrs. Jane
1 also beg to thank the Pythian
Sisters for their kindness.
W. J. Hannav
on the 2(hh day of November next up-
ubeati n will be made to the Superintendent of Provincial Pi lice for the renewal of a license for the sale of liquor
by wholesale in aud upon the preniiae.
known a. Pilsener Brewing Co., Ltd.,
■ii tutted at Cumberland, B. C, upon the
landB described a. Sub. Lot 1, of Lot 24
Nelson District.
Dated this 2!Hh day of October 1910.
rn.sr.SER Brewing Co., Lru.
Per W. F. Ramsay, apphc.nt
For Sale—One good farm horse, Enquire J H MilligB.ii
Sandwick. B. C
For Sale—Buguy and harness both in
good condition. Price t75 Apply E
Horse 8 yra, kind,   good  driver,  not
afraid of  autos.    Harness  and rubber
tired buggy almost new.
Apply to, G. K. McNaughton
1. flier
Horseshoeing a  Specialty
Third Ave., Cumberland
liiiiis nut hatching:,
Avi It
I'tr 19.
■   ;.mi
- li.oit
Ptr 100
DUNCAN, 11.0. J'
i    E. C. tfMDE
Dealer in Bicycles  and   Gits
Engine Supplies <
English and American Wheel* from ]
{(.ji/ up, also Second hand Wheel*   J
Third St. & Penrith Avenue
All kinds of hauling done
First-class Rigs for Hire
Livery and team work promptly
attended to
Local Agent for
The London &' Lancashire
Fire Insurance Co.
Get rates before insuring elsewhere
Office: Cumberland
l—l   Hill ———H
:   :   :   CEIVED   :   :   :
Up-to-date Merchant Tailor
mission Agency. Rents and
Debts Collected, Brokerage, Real
Estate nnd Auctioneers, Thomson Building, Dunsmuir Avenue.
Oumlicrland. Phone 17. John Thorn
son, Manager.
The BEST Machine on the Market
and sold on EASY TERMS   	
JEPSON BROS., District Agents, Nanaimo, B. C.
C. Segrare, Local Representative, Cumberland, 13. C.
SEALED  TENDERS,  endorsed.
"Tender      for     Cattle"     will     be
received by     the   u n d a r * i.u n e d
up to Monday, the 14th day of Nov-
einlier.  1010, for the pnri'lwsn of   the
oatllo formerly owned by Philip Buckley, und now running n< huge in the
hush new- Union Buy    The Provinoi
ul Government "ill not Ktuiriintco any
num Ii r of uattlfl, i or will • la-v  .1 Ii
ei any  f the c  th to  llie |un-i-l i
« no  inu«t    hIii   I  ■  el nnee i f
i ■   tin  -..
io i
Mul    ii I ni'U  an   .,> .'t" i	
JOHN B.\11U»
(litverniiii-nt Agent.
Cuinherhuol, B. C, 1st Nov., 11)10
toure Victor!. Un tn. Tuenilay
Arrlv. Nftiiulmo :i i» m. Tueatlay
In-jivi- Ntltinlmt) 5.301'.in. Tueatlay
Arrive Union Hoy 1":f" l'->". Tluwllay
1,,-nve Union Bay s a.m. weiliieailuy
Airiv.- Niomiinn -2 l> in. Wetlliesilny
Arrive Vaiu-oiiver 0.80 » in. iVetlnoadny
Unve Vancouver s 11.111. TliumlRy
Arrive Nnitalino 12 io p.in. ThtiwilRy
Leave Nanaimo 1 l>.m. Tlmmilay
Arrive Untun liny 7.:m p.iu. Thinwlil)
t'li.i;., !OlitS;tHI|.lnVlLl,t-al t Hjlrt ,,f n'eihlesojl)
ami Tlitirailuy
l,..;iv,. t'oiim liny lB.lRa.nl. Snnilny
trrlvH NnnnlmoOn in Snnilny
li>   - lev
I EXAMINATIONS f r Ihe p"»ition of
J Inspector of Steam Boih-r. mul Mn
ohlnery, under the "Btram Boilnr. In-
apeotion Act, 1901," will bo hold at the
Parliament Building., Victoria commencing November 7th, 1010,    Ai plication
anil instruction forma can he had on application to the umleraigned, to whom
he former muni he return- d correctly
Blled in, not later than October 24th,
1910.    Salary glllO.OO per month, in-
creating at tho ralo of 8ft.00 per month
uach year to h maximum   f MHO 00.
Chief liisprctor of M-iahitiery,
Nov We« in i..'t,, It.
fJaUd Sept., 3rd, 1010.
kutoi for Hire
Motor launches on the hike |
Ter ■   ie,-.    ..hiu I «8
Dl£N\-ON   ct   ANDEHSON |
H. M. Beadnell,
Comox, 15, C.
Agent for E & N.
Comox District.
llo, he sun- looiei yum  ne.ldin   hivi
.too.   t Tliv. IsUNDEM Office   Snip1"
i. - in.-
— GOOD —-
in the
Next door to Royal Bank, opposite Poet Office
Little cubes of metal
Little tubes of ink ;
Brains, and the printing presses
Make the millions think
There is no better
way of making the
people of this district think of you
than through an advertisement in
TTh© Islander
We sell Safety Razors
Sluvii.j, Soapr, Brushes ond Rnzor Strops. Shaving Creami and
Powders, Perfumes and Toilet Articles
Combs  and Brushes a Genuine Quality
Call and inspect same at The Drug Store
ft. H."piaeEY


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