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The Islander Aug 20, 1910

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Have you tried
This is an Al Bread Flour
$1.90 Sack.     Sold at
As a Bread Maker
Is Equal to the Best
$1.90 Sack.    Sold at
No 12
Subscription price $1,150 per year.
Greenshirts win by
to 4 in protested
The baseball game at f'ourtenay on
Sunday last, between Courtenay and
Union Bay, was won liy the latter loan)
by a score • f 6 to 4.
Kim innings, Union- N. I'.alostruck
out; Chirk got to second on a long hit
over centrornnd seni ml when thb pitcher
threw wild to catch him off the hag ;
Curran flew out. to third ; Fredrick"
hit tale to centre, hut wan out stealing
second-l run Courten iy — Ander-
ion'went out on a grounder to second:
Donnelly was safe when the baseman *
dropped the throw from the catcher.
He stole second, and when the pitcher threw to the bag to catch him napping there was no one there to receive
it, and the runner went to third, nnd
•cored on a passed ball ; McNeil was
■nfe on an error at lirst; Dixon was
hit hy  a pitched  ball; McNeil  was
caught  stealing   third   and   Th as
atruck out—1 run.
Second innings, Union—Smith hit
to pitcher, but was safe when the first
baseman muffed the ball; Drosky went
out to second : Ryan hit safe to short,
who tried to get smith going to third,
but McNeil failed to hold the hall anil
the runner went right home, Kynn.
gaining third and scoring on a passed
hall; Robinson went out to first, and
E. Balo fanned—2 runs. Courtenay—
Fabor struck out; Mitchell was hit by
a pitcher and went to first; Curlis poped out to short, and Anderton flew out
to first— 0 runs.
Third Innings, Union-N. Balo flew
out to short stop; Clark hit safe to
centre ,• Curran went out on a grounder
to tha pitcher; Fredrick* hit to first,
the baseman missing the ball, but the
■econd baseman secured it in time to
throw the runner out at the base, the
pitcher hiking the play— 0 runs Court-
ansy—Ihsiwlly got to first on a hit to
ihort, who failed to get it to first iu
time ; McNeil fouled out to catcher;
Donnelly was caught stealing tldrd ;
Dixon hit safe to left; Cliffe went out
catcher to first.
Fourth Innings, Union—Smith (lew
out to first Drosky was out on a grounder to third ; Ryan hit safe past second ,'
Robinson retired by the side by flying
out to centre— 0 runs. Courtenay—
Thomas went out on n fly to third ;
Fabor bunted a boll about 20 feet.
The pitcher running to it thought it
was a foul and left it there, allowing
Fabor to get to first: Mitchell hit safe
to second ; Curtis did likewise, filling
the bases ; Anderton went out on N
BhIo's pretty catch of his lung foul hit
over third. After Nick had hud the
ball in his hands, Fabor succeeded in
getting home, which caused a dispute
as to whether he could come home on
a tty or not. The umpire was not sure,
and as there was no rule liook on the
Held, he was sent hack to third only to
be caught trying to steal home— 0 runs.
Fifih Innings, Union— E. Balo
struck out; Nick flew out to right ;
Chirk hit safe past third ; Curran was
out second lo first— 0 rims. Courtenay—Donnelly grounded out to pitcher ; McNeil got to first when the shortstop failed to handle his hit in time.
He stole second ; Dixon was out ou a
fly to third ; Cliffe hit safe to left
scoring McNeil; Cliffe wus ought at
third hy pitcher.—1 run.
Sixth Innings, Union— Frederick
was out on a fly to second , Smith hit
safe past short; Drosky hit to short
who easily caught Smith at second;
Ryan hit to short who started fin-second
to catch Drosky, hut collided with
the baseman ; Robinson hit to short,
but was thrown out at first— 0 runs.
Courtenay— Thomas was out ou a fly
to centre ; Falior was safe on a hit. to
short; Mitchell hit hard to left, scoring Fabor ; Curtis went out, shortstop
to first; Donnelly followed suit— 1
run. J
Seventh Innings, Union— E. Bulo
got a base on balls ; N. Balo hit safe
to right; Clark was out on a fly to
centre; Curran hit Bafe to left, scoring
E. Balo; Frederick got first on a hit
to short; Nick Balo was out on trying
to get home on Smith's bunt ; Drosky
flow out to short- I run. Courtenay
— Donnelly hit safe past short stop,
but waa out. hit hy batted bull when
stenling second ; Dixon was out on a
fly to short; Cliffe went out second to
Eighth Innings, Union — Ryan
was out, pitcher to first; Robinson
hit safe psst short; E Halo got a pass;
N. llalo flew out to second ; Clark fanned—0 runs. Courtenay— Thomas
was out second to first; Fabor got first
on a hit to third ; Mitchell lived out
to first; Curtis  win   safe   when  the
By bur Special Artist
1. Rohinaon taking a lead off second. 2. S taut stops a hot one a'second. 3. Right fielder Gibson makes some suggestious to the umpire.
4. When Pearme stole second in the fourth. 5. Raines' work behind the bat was a feature. 6. Hamilton always picks out the good ones.
7. Higgins' debut in the Ik>x was most successful. 8. Reporter McNeil worked overtime in the second keeping track of the score 9 Boyd's home
run in the ninth was a sensation.        10. Jnmes never drops anything around first.
Comox Fair  Catalogs
printed, and shows attractive prize list.
The Comox Fair catalogs have been
issued and msy be obtiiined by all who
desire them from the secretary, Mr. B.
Bull, Sandwick, or at the post office at
any of the following points:—Cumberland, Courtenay, Sandwick, Ornnthum,
Comox, Union Bay, Denman and
Hornby Islands",
The prize list is a very generous
one, and contains a large number of
special pn».s.
The committee have spared no effort
to make this year's show the best in
the history of the society, but whether
it proves the success it. should is1, rests
entirely with the farmers themselves,
and it is up to them to make the entry
list the greatest iti the history of the
The usuul attractive sports list is
being prepared.
A special meeting of the City Council
was held on Thursday night. The mayor
presented a communication from the Wellington f.ollie y Co., contain!' g a conveyance granting 7 1-3 acres to the city.
The company was thanked for its generous
donation and the sum ol (1 ordered to b.
paid for the propery It was decided to
have comer posts planted ou the property, and to allow any person to cut
and r move any fallen timber. Property
on tiers in Dement Av nue reqoested
wooden sidewalks. The request will pro
badly be granted The BardofWoike
were instructed to open up Allen Ave,
between Sec>>nd an. Third Sts. It was
decided to hold a concur1 under the pat
roiiHge of the mayor and aldermen on
the Tuesday f Mowing September pay
day, in aid of the Ci y Baud.
baseman dropped the ball, who then
threw wild over third to catch Fuhor,
who scored; Donnelly hit safe to centre Curtis was caught at the plate, centre to catcher— 1 run.
Ninth Innings, Union- Curran's
bunt went safe ; Fredericks hit a two-
hagger, scoring Curran ; Smith hunted
safe ; Drosky struck out; Itynn hit
safe to left, scoring Frederick ; Robin-
son flew out to left; E. llalo got. a
base on balls, filling the liases ; Nick
H11I0 hunted about, two feet from plate,
the catcher holding the lull anil retired thesido—2 runs. Cotirteniiy—Robinson replaced Ralo in (he box ; Anderton struck out; Donnelly struck out
McNeil bit to centre, who dropped the
hall ; Dixon was hit by a pitched ball;
Chile struck out—0 runs.
The game wns protested on the
grounds that Fuller was entitled to a
run when he cmue homo after Ralo
caught the long foul hit. The Courtenay lioys have the rule laaik to hack
them up. If Fuller's run had counted
it is hard lo sny which way the game
would have gone, as there would then
be two on bases, and he would not have
retired the side as he did when he tried
to steal home.
Struck out by Thomas, 6 in 9 innings ; hy E. Rslo, 2 in 8 innings; by
Robinson, !'. in 1 innings.
12 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Union     12000010 2-6
Courtenny 10 0 0 110 10-4
By-laws  adopted  and
first officers elected
on Wednesday.
A meeting of the Citizens League
was held in the Council Chambers,
Wednesday 17th. Several new members were enrolled.
The committee appointed to draw
up by-laws reported, and their suggested laws were read clause hy clause,
and voted upon. They were given
thorough consideration being passed
with two or three amendments
Officers were appointed for the enduing year as follows:—James Reid,
President: Wesley Willard, Vice president ; Joseph Shaw, Treasurer; Edward Dickie, Secretary. Four managers were also appointed, who with the
officers, made an exectuitive.
Various suggestions received care-
fnl consideration, the principal of which
were the establishment of a Customs
Department at Cumberland, the dumping of rubbish along the approaches to
the city, and that the police commissioners In requested to enforce the removal of all obstructions from thestreets
of the city.
Complaints were made that thepolx'e
were lax in carrying out their duties.
The various committies appointed at
a previous meeting reported,—That the
City Council be requested to make nr-
rangements to water thestreets and
abate the dust nuisance, which was a
lo-s as well as an annoyance to the
storekeepers especially. That the Development League lie requested to take
up with Mr. Malison the mutter of
getting a further appropriation to finish
the widening of the Roy Road this
season, as the worst part of it was still
The secretary was instructed to bring
these matters before the various persons
If satisfactory financial
arrangements can be
made will come.
Mr. Howard, of Nanaimo, was in
town last week trying to make arrangements with the management of
the local bull team to have the Nanaimo ball tossers meet the Pilsener
Isiys, on the home grounds, at an
early date.
Mr. Howard was anxious to have
the game played to-morrow, but the
locals could not see their way clear to
accept the demnnds of the Nanaimo
team, in the way of financial assist
The locals wore prepared to guarantee the visitors their expenses in town,
but were not prepared to guarantee
the travelling expenses of the team
Negotiations are still progressing,
and the Nanaimo boys have modified
their demands for transportation, and
are now asking the boys here to put
up 50% of the cost of the trip by auto.
It is probable that satisfactory arrangements will be made, and Shorty
Graham's wonders will be seen here
next month—possibly on Labor Day.
More   houses for employees and other matters discussed.
Union Bay.
Dola   and   scows  loaded
Thursday for Viiwouver.
Steamer Aoyot is due for bunkers
Dlue Funnel liner Ning Chow will
arrive on Friday for bunkers.
Mrs. Wm. Carter wus a passenger
by S S. Cowichau on Sunday, to spend
a vacation with friends at Victoria
and Vancouver.
Dave Ramsay left on Sunday for a
short vacation away.
Mrs. Win. Marshall left on Wed
nesday's boat on a visit to relatives at
Mrs. Gabriel, of Victoria, is the
guest of her sister -in-law, Mrs. C. M
The annual Sunday School Picnic
will be held to-morrow (Friday) at
Roy's Beach. They will journey to
Trent River by special train,
The dance given by the Baseball
Club, on Friday evening last, was 11
decided success. Aliout twenty couple1
tripped tho light fantastic to the sweet
strains of the local orchestr
To the Editor Islander.
Sir,—Asa reader of your up to-date
paper, allow nie to criticize the communications of the Philosopher.
Smart hi1 a area treat tn read when
truthful and free from venom, but. when
used as barbed ariows to wound oppon-
. uta hi I. cal matte's, or their competitors
in business, I think you should, if you
insert them, insist upon tho writers sign-
ng them.
The lemarks about the churches of this
city are not true and violate good taste ami
decent manner, iu fact, are a foul slander
upon a respectable portion of the community. Religion is a private matter between
people and their God, with which no one
lias a right to meddle.
Wtiat is ah -nt . qually discreditable is
he statement about Englishmeo. Their
character, as a win>le, atands for honor and
honesty, and if your correspondents ait
in touon with the residue, it will ace uut
tor their unfortunate experiences. /
If one cannot go to the p st office for
their mail with. >ut the attempt to ho d them
up to ridicule upon whioh to hang one's
bete noir, "Eaton's Catalog," which
appean to act like the proverbial red rag
to a bull, it is time the Department erect,
ed screens to prevent "Paul Pry's" seeing
what is delivered.
The interference with the company in
the disposal of their own property is very
ill-timed, indeed, and not calculated to
open their hearts to give it away anyhow.
They find wotk and pay wages, without
which Cumberland would be "To Let"
wholesale, and it goes without saying tha'
the average citizen is both ab'e and willing to pay, for bis requirements, and has
110 desire to pose as a beggar.
It has been well said that those who
live in glass houses should not throw stones
and if the searchlight was turned on out
own record we might find it was wise to
take to the woods, and regret we had nut
treated our neighbors characters decently.
A Sl'escMBM
A joint deputation waited upon Mr.
Stewart, the assistant manager of the
Dunsmuir Uolleries, on M nday last. It
consisted of three members each of
the City Council, Development League and the Citzens Leagu*, via :—
The Mayor. Mr. McLeod, Mr. Jas. Stewart, representing the Council; the Pre-
•id nt, Mr. Siddall and the Seoretary,
Mr. Acton, on behalf of the D vehement League, wt h Mr Reid, Chair
man ; Mr. Ahrams, City Mags'r^te, and
Mr. MoLeod fust the Citizens League.
The d> putatinn was introduced by Mr.
(J. W. Clinton, and met with a very
hearty reception from Mr. Stew.rt.
In consequence of the unavoidable ab
senee of the Mayor, Mr. McLeod was
spokesman, and submitted the proposition, stating that the Cj.ty C uncil was
desirous of extending the b undaries of
the municipality from the present limits
tn the railway track on that side, and
,lso wished to take in the land situated
at the side of the public school up to the
fence enclosing Mr. Little's late residence.
Mr. Stewart expressed himself in full
accord with the idea, subject to the com
pany's approval, and tnat the City Council should embody in the necessary bylaw that if they agreed to the inoorpnra
tion the property should be free of taxation u til sold.
As to building houses, Mr. Stewart
said the company was quite aware of the
necessity of residences for their employees, and that the matter would have
11 ir sympathetic consideration.
Mr. C inton stated that if Mr. Dunsmuir had not sold the mines, he had de
cided In lay out lots and build houses on
them, upon the basis of a seven years
monthly payment*.
Mr. Stewart thought this was a good
idea, anil promised to bring it before hi.
company at an early date, if the City
Council would let him have a letter em
b dying th, ir proposition.
Mr. S'ewart then brought up the question of the business men of Cuuib rlmd
inaugurating cash sales at c-sh prices,
instead of oredit business, which neces
M'ale* higher prices to cover bad debts ;
which meant the honest payer having to
nay the defaubers debts. He said it is
only when people pay cash that they
begin to save money, giving instances
from his own experience of the beneficial
result* of a cash system. This was sop
plemeoted by Mr. Cliutun from ins ances
he had Known.
T e deputation feel that they were ac
corded a most generous interview. Mr.
Stewart tendered them a cordial invitation to interview him eg,in at any lime.
They then thanked him for his courtesy
and withdrew.
What the Ronton Observer of last week
says about it.
The wedding of Miss Gertrude Elizv
lieth Kirkinan to Mr. Albert T. Stephenson, oi Cumberland, B C , took place
Wednesday, August Urd, at high noon,
from the beautiful residence uf the bride's
parents, Mr. and Mrs. James Kirkman,
Third Avenue.
The bridesmaid was Miss Hay Kelley
■nd the best man waa Cl.rence Kirkman,
brother of the bride.
The bridal party entered the drawing
room to the strains of the bridal music
from Lohengrin, played by Mr. Arnold
■n a masterly manner. Taking their
position before the clergyman, the Rev,
Clarence H. Lake of All Saints Church,
Dunlap, the beautiful Episcopal ceremony was begun amid the deepest
iolemi ity. The bride was given away by
her father, Mr. James Kirkman.
During the a lemnizatiun of the marriage Mendelssohn's Spring Song waa
played, and afterward came the Mendelssohn Wedding March.
The bride was attii ed in a lovely creation of ivory satin over white taffeta,
trimmed with pearls and real Chantilly
lace. Her tulle veil was held in place by
bllies of the valley, and she carried a
-hower bouquet of bride's rosea and
lillies of the valley. Her omamenta
were diamonds, the gift of the groom.
The bridesmaid wore pale ipink chiff.n
cloth over measaline silk, and carried an
arm bouquet of pink carnations.
Following the ceremony a wedding
breakfast was served at which plates were
laid for the bridal party, the immediate
relatives of the bride and groom, and the
Rev. and Mrs. Clarence H. Lake. The
table was centred with pink and white
sweet peas, and from the four corners of
the chandelier were suspended white
and p nk ribbons. .The same scheme of
pink and white was carried out in the
dining room decorations, while the drawing room and hall were in white aud
pink carnations .relieved with maiden
nair ferns and infant's breath.
The reoeptiou was from 3 to 5. In the
receiving line were Mr. and Mrs. James
Kirkman, parents of the bride, and Mr.
and Mn. David Stephenson, of Nanaimo,
B C , parents of the groom, and Mr. and
.tin. E. Arnold, of Nanaimo, B.C., who
assisted the bride and groom in receiving.
Mn. James Kirkman wore a rich black
(lucbe.se satin, trimmed with jet, embroidery and real, old lace. Mrs. David
Stephenson waa gowned in an imported
toilette of green, heavily embroidered
»ud lace trimmed. Mrs. E. Arnold, uf
Nanaimo, B.C., sister of the bride, waa
attired in cream French serge trimmed
in pale blue satin.
The going away gown of the bride was
f deep cream Shantung silk wi h gold
. rimming and gold buttons. She wore a
.urban uf the same and looked lovely, aa
she is a pr nounct d Monde with dark eye*
snd black eyebrows.
The groom's preeent to the bride was
diamonds, while he presented to Miss
Kelley, the bridesmaid, a heart-shaped
dull gold lucket, engraved with her monogram, and to Mr. Clarence K rkman,
the beat man, a pair of gold cuff links.
The bri e wae the recipient of many
costly and elegant gifts and some beautiful presents are awaiting her arrival in
Cumberland, B.C., from lha relatives and
friends of the groom. Substantial gift*
from both Mr. James Kirkinan and Mr,
David Stephenson were presented to the
young people.
Mr. and Mn. Stephenson departed in an
automobile for Seattle, from where they
tisik tho train to lew Angeles and Southern California point*. Fr m San Francisco th y will go direct to Bri ish Columbia and will be at home to their friends
at Cumberland, B. (!., towards the end
of the month.
Invitations had been sent out to about
two hundred and titry Kenton and out-of-
town people, and over ono hundred attended the reception.
Aug, 21—Union at Cumberland.
Aug. 28-Courtenay at Union,
Sept.  4-Cumberla. d at Union.
Sept. 11 —Union at Courtenay.
Sept. 18—Cumberland at Courtenay.
Editor's Note.—In the reprint of the
Game Regulations in our iditorial column, the paragraph referiing to Wapiti
should read, " Wapiti may w>r be shot
at any time," tho word "not" having
been inadvertently omitted.
Mr. W.lter Brown was suddenly taken
ill un Sunday last, but is feeling better,
after receiving a few powders from our
fahhfui doctor.
The joy riden, who went over the road
last Saturday night to Nanaimo were so
g estly taken up with the trip that they
nave decided tu go again on Labor day.
Mr. Wakefield and Miss L. Crwithen
called ou friends at Kye Bay on Sunday
Mr. Oicar Davis is moving in his new
home in Courtenay. Oscar if doing a
arge business in conveying the j >y riden
around the valley.
Mr. Richard Plew is cutting quite a
shine with his new turn-out We wish
him good luck.
Mr. Alex. McNeal has recovered after
a short illness.
The Pilsener Baseball Dauce un Monday evening was the bea> ever held in
Cumberland, $00 dear of expense* being
A committee of three was appointed by
the Firemen, at their meeting ou Monday
night to interview Mr. Stewart, with regard to financial assistance for the Fire
Company from the mine manager.
Evolution of the Cow Pony
{Hy W. AllSOu)
W:iKN   "oil!   man"   .\leiefn
■' comity treus'uror nt San Angelo
lie drove  u  buy  horse  named
Charlie, u once "bad" cow horse raised
near  Midland.     He   used   to  drive  tu
lilt' COUrt  llOUSO  IU  tlut morning, yft   put
of liis buggy and go to tp his business,
leaving Charlie tu Have liis morning
Btroll. Trailing the buggy, the horse
might go ucross tin; mad and look into
Naswortmy 's 'stable, or per haps lie
would wander down tin- street looking
for a bite of grass growing by the sidewalk. If lie came to a buggy hitched
bj the roadside he would carefully
circle u i on tnl it and never eat eh a
wheel; bill he never went very far and
promptly al the stroke of twelve he
would be at the south gate and, if he
did nut find the Old Man there he would
walk round to the east gate. Here be
would paw the ground and wliinuy, and
if    there    was    ro    response    he    would
sometimes try the north side, but not
very often and lie would come back
quickly If bis master was not there,
Some morning!) the Old Man did not
want him tu wait, or maybe Mrs. Mor-
ehaut. at home, would need the buggyj
so Charlie would be turned around and
started oil for home. The uld horse
would sedately walk back across town;
through the maiu street, avoiding the
traffic and vehicles at rest, and eventually lie would wliinuy at the yard
gate—and keop it up until -Mrs. Merchant came out to him.
one day the country treasurer waa
standing In fi*out of the old Angelo
stable talking to Hob Low and others,
and Charlie was across the street, with
the buggy blocking an alley. Suddenly
a runaway team dashed around the
next corner, and bore down upon the
peaceful scene. It looked bad for Charlie and tue buggy. Low spraug out,
intending to get the horse up on the
sidewalk, out uf the way. But Charlie
also saw the danger, and acted on his
own initiative. Backing a little tn get
ruum tu turn, he whirled and scampered
up the alley as hard as he could run;
barely in time, for the runaways swept
the narrow street frum, curb to curb
with the heavy wagon swinging wildly
behind them.
I have said Charlie was at one time
a "bail" hurse. That was before he
went to live with Mr. Merchant. And
as his case is typical as illustrating my
contention that the range puny is not
and never has been the vicious brute
that so many would paint him, I offer
him as an example. He was an ordinary COW pony when he came to San
Angelo, and had been "'busted" in the
streuuuus, old-fashioned way. A sudden move men I in saddling him would
start him pitching—and he. certainly
knew a few things about "ground and
lofty" bucking. He was on the defensive always, aud no doubt had it figured out in his own mind that be and
the cow-puuehers of his acquaintance
had nothing in common, It was not to
be wondered at that he was so quickly
and thoroughly "gentled" by old man
Merchant, who "fought it out with him
with lump sugar.
in former times, we are told, it was
part of every eow hand's business to
stt out his buck-jumping bronco at
the commencement of the day's work;
nowadays the average puncher hesitates when applying fur a job tn inquire what horses he will be expected
to ride. There was little uf romance
for the puny; the boy was hired to
do certain work and the pony was pro
vlded as a means to the same, maybe
one of seven or eight or a dozen to be
ridden iu their turn. A cow hand who
left his mounts iu reasonable flesh and
with sound backs was worth more than
the fellow who would be afoot after
a three-week's round-up. Frum the moment in the chilly dawn when the lariat
was dropped over his neck, till jaded
and footsore he was turned loose at
night, the cow puny was the slave uf
man and circumstances, lucky to have
a master content to inflict the necessary .hardships without roweling and
gouging his flanks into ribbons or jerking the cruel bits till his mouth dripped
t'nam and bipod. There was small in
duccment for Ihe riders to take especial pride in their mounts, an ever watch
ful foreman picked up any youngster
more promising than usual, aud a buyer
wanted to purchase the remiulu at the
end uf the trail.
Wtmt. a combination of paradoxes
the old-time eow pony presented; distrustful ami fearful of mankind, using
every artifice and dodge to escape capture; resenting the saddle and cinch,
bucking and squealing anil doing his
best to get rid of his rider: nervy aud
game to his last atom of strength,
ready to drop dead sooner than shirk
one iota of his day's work, and then
perhaps lo be ridden to town tn stand
out Bide the saloon, meek and Innocont
till all hours of the morning, to carry
n spiritually elated or l.il.ulously Bom
nnlcut rider back to camp with not so
much us a sidestep or a stumble. Riders
and riders  there  were, also  |
nturnlly  kind and
sympathetic with all dumb brutes, some
horses instinctively kind nnd trustful
of mankind. Not'that the riders were
wantonly cruel or by nature brutal, but
work is work, and the work of the trail
hand was hard ami trying. Scorching
and blistering under a cruel sun; dreaded drives across treeless plains, with
starving cattle and dried up water
holes; swimming ley riveis; drifting
iu blinding, smothering sand storms;
sleepless nighls herding frightened cat
tie in furious thunder storms and pelt
ing ruin, and perhaps anxious hour*
guarding against marauding Indians—
such experiences -lo not develop the ten
der side of a  man's  nature.
Most of the old-time cow ponies orig
bated in Ho' Southwest—Texas, Arizona ami Now Mexico. Accompanying
the vast herds of steers which were
nually driven north over the great
traits, they were usually sold with the
cattle at the end  of the journey nnd
supplied    to    H    great    extent    the    VnSt
ranching country of the Northwest. Th
mustangs, or genuine wild horses, wer
not used to any great extent for row
ponies. The noble mustang, as a servant of mankind, is more or less uf
a novelist's myth. Few of them made
useful eow punies, and while it is true
that there were many exceptions the
proportion   of   serviceable   mounts   ob
tained from their uumb.ers lb so insignificant that it is hardly worthy of
mention. I'roof of this lies iu the fact
that they have beeu for the last thirty
years shot down as nuisances instead
of being caught nnd broken fur man's
use. They were generally captured by
relays uf riders—called nuistangers—
who took up the chase in turn and al-
lowed the poor beasts neither rest nor
opportunity to quench their thirst;
those captured as cults were more likely
to give good service ami were more
easy to domesticate. Their height was
14 hands or under; instances or larger
and finer individuals is usually traced
to the Influence of escaped domestic
horses. Both the Mexican und the Indian horsps were descendants of the
mustang, but they were distinct breeds,
possessing common only a mutual nnces
try; the one the result of human selection, the other the evolution of the gen
nine wild animal, bred according to nature's methods, which in this instance
certainly do not demonstrate the survival of the fittest. In the springtime
the strongest and boldest mustang still
lions were perpetually fighting, and
many of them succumbed to the ravages
of screw-worms, and the weaker horses,
which did not engage in combat, were
loft to propagate the species.
Nearly all Mexican punies show cer
tain marked characteristics: a line
down the back aud a cross over the
shoulder which we associate with the
humble donkey, frequently also the
bars un the fore legs. Browns, duns,
mil grullas are common colors, the latter being the Spanish name for the
sandhill crane, a sort uf smoky lavender color. They seldom exceed 14^>
hands, the majority being under .14, but
they ure capable of great endurance,
carrying a man aud the additional fifty
pounds of saddle ami blanket through
many a day's work of over (Iffy miles
between sun up anil sundown. As a rule
narrow, angular, droop rumped and
light boned, judged from our standpoint, it is the exception to find a
well shaped Mexican pony. Curiously
euough. though we find excellent cow
ponies among them (though 1 never
knew one tu make a champinn roping
hurse), they have never furnished first-
lass polo ponies. They all luck that
courage and nerve, that something
which enables the well bred pony to on-
;lure the intense strain of the game
without fliuching and tu give up his
last ounce of strength under punishment.
The Indian pony is a very decided
Improvement on the Mexican both in
looks, conformation and disposition,
which rather proves that the red Indian
was a better horseman than the Spanish Indian. Circumstances favored the
former, however; his horses had the
choice of some of the richest grazing
lauds in the world, while those of the
hitter very frequently faced periods of
drought, when actual starvation was
only averted by such scanty browsing
as the .scrub aad chaparral afforded.
Your typical Indian puny is a very
compact, bloeky little animal, quite
good looking, and he makes an excellent
children's pony. It is a pity that iu his
purity he is hard to obtain nowadays.
The Indians were partial to "paints."
Improved sires were from time to
time imported from the Hast, until we
had that useful animal commonly
known as a Texas horse, lie was hardy
ami sound, but possessed no particular
type and no very great commercial
value. Thoroughbreds, saddle horses,
trotters and '»thcr breeds of driving
horses, aud latterly horses of draft
blood were introduced, but to none of
these breeds is the country indebted
for great improvement iu her cow
ponies and it was left to a comparatively unknown race of ponies to effect
a lasting benefit.
The American quarter horse has no
stud book, but ft has nevertheless pre
served its Individuality and its marked
characteristics from the time when we
first find a record of the breed in the
notes of an Englishman visiting America befure the War uf Independence, lie
mentions them in southern Virginia
and North Carolina, and calls attention
tn their racing qualities and to the fact
that they made excellent saddle horses
fur the road (Wallace's Horse of America, page 115). Since that time we
get occasional glimpses of their history.
They are mentioned in the American
Stud Hook. Vol. ii, and quarter horse
names occur in the pedigrees of some
trotting horse families. Their influence
n the ponies of the Southwest in especial aud on Western ponies in general,
has been to impart symmetry, weight,
docility and speed, resulting eventually
in the Jiigh class polo pony which now
brings   such   fabulous   prices.
Thus as lightly sketched above we
have arrived at the modern cow puny.
The ranchman of today with his smaller
acreage ami his fewer stock can afford
lo pay individual attention to his saddle horses. He knows each pony and
his idinsyncnicies, likewise each man.
He does not allow Pete to ride Sp Cross
1 nuso  he  knows  Pete and the sorrel
don't get on together. He lets Pete
rifle that big Staple-0 bay, aud .lake,
who never fights a high-strung horse,
gets the sorrel. As far as possible each
hand is allowed to ride the horses of
his individual fancy, The boys learn
to regard their ponies with a certain
amount of affection and pride, and are
always ready to bet on their particular
A young range horse when first
caught fights wildly lo escape the dreaded rope, which cuts off his wind and
galls his tender hide. His rushes and
plunges are like the efforts nf a salmon which feels the restraint of the
angler's hook fur the first time. Ho i
in a state of overpuwering fear; the
loathsome smell of man, the needless,
and to him, meaningless cruelty arouses
his every atom of fighting instinct. He
regards the approach of the othaur of
this misery as an indication of further torture, therefore nvnids personal
contact by every menus in his power.
Thcro were, and still are, however,
horses which would fight from a purely
vicious desire to inflict injury. I bought
n large number of cow ponies from the
King ranch in southwest Texas several
years ago. The hands, all Mexican vac-
queros, handled them with marvelous
skill; they caught one, howovcr, by mis
take which proved too much evea for
them; he was an "outlaw," and he
gave them a lively twenty minutes be
lore they could turn him loose again,
lie no sooner felt tho rope tighten round
his neck, than he charged every two-
footed enemy in sight, und in a minute
he hud us all up oa the fence. Ho was
too wise to choke down, to approach
him was impossible, and the third alternative of catching him by the forefeet and thus throwing him'was much
easier to advise than to accomplish. He
would rise on his hind legs aud blindly
paw the air the moment he imagined a
man was in striking distance. And this
reminds mo that, in f6rmer times when
every cow pony wns on the defensive,
ue seldom saw one of them attempt
to fight a  man with its heels.
It is ordinarily a comparatively simple mutter for a good roper to catch a
liorse by the fore feet, but it is a different job to accomplish hi a big pen
when it is impossible to get within
reasonable throwing distance. A dexterous twist of the wrist as the rapidly
circling lariat leaves the hand causes
the upper side of the loop to drop
abruptly under the front feet; the under side simultaneously swings upward,
striking the forearm above the knee;
the man instinctively raises his right
hand, and the horse, being in rapid motion, it can perhaps be understood that
he, so to speak, really steps into the
snure thus presented and his impetus
tightens the loop automatically. The
puncher immediately throws the horse.
And that is how we eventually got rid
of my outlaw. ,
During the first opening uf Indian
lands fur settlement, in the famous
Cherokee Strip run, many horses of different breeds were brought down to
race for the choice locutions. The distance varied up tu fifteen miles and
mure, and ttie best of the cow punies
proved to be faster over the sandy,
treacherous footing than even the thoroughbreds iu training, of which a uum-#
ber were ou hand. The latter, of necessity not of a very high class, were probably racing for higher stakes than they
had ever contested fur on the race
track. It is true that the men riding
cow ponies knew the country and the
lay of the land better than the others,
and it is also true that they knew better themselves how to get over such a
country. A man who won a very choice
location not far from tue present town
of Alva, on which was situated a valuable never-failing spring, told me that
he used two Texas cow horses, under 14
hands high. He changed unto the leud
horse, ready bridled and saddled, about
half-way, jumping from one to the other as they galloped at full speed. He
said there were probably fifty other
men racing for the same prize. -The
distance was sixteen miles, which he
covered in 48 minutes. His was by no
means au unique experience; there were
many prizes to be won, nnd it is a matter of record that the Texas cow ponies
distlngu ished t hemsol ves.
The incomparable lope, exteuded for
mile after mile without fatigue to horse
or rider, which is neither a trot nor a
canter but a mixture uf both, is a gait
seldom acquired by any but Western
punies. Many of them also dovelop a
fox trot to perfection. The latter, 1 noticed, puzzled folks in Kuglund, who
cannot understand how a pony can distance their hacks at a walk and can
keep puce with a slow trot without moving or jolting his rider in the saddle.
Humanely speaking, a horse's intelligence and docility are developed iu proportion to the extent of bis contact
with mankind. In the old days, when
cow ponies were caught, saddled and
ridden to be turned loose again without
other handling, it is natural that these
qualities were not iu evidence. It was
owing to their treatment and nut to
their disposition that they acquired a
bad name. Nowadays more civilized
methods are employed and a horse is
gentled and broken instead of being
busted, and consequently acquires a
very different disposition.
The Western pony possesses aa individuality und self-reliance uncommon
in horses raised more or less in confinement. It is not necessary to guide him
around treacherous hides when galloping full speed ucross a prairie dug town,
neither is it necessary to look out for
stones aud rocks along the road. When
he is led to a strange watering place
he is very careful to satisfy himself
that the bank.is not boggy, and before
he will trust his weight in the mud he
will test it with first one foot, and then
another. Dozens of times I have driven ;uy buggy team over wooden culverts
from which a plank had been torn loose
without checking or warning them.
The most reliable, the most trustworthy and the most intelligent horse in
the world is perhaps to be found in the
Western pony as used for family purposes. He is a friend of the family,
a companion for the children. It. is a
common occurrence to see two or three
and even four little tots riding along
bareback and threading their way
through the traffic of the county town
on the old family buggy horse—a for
mer cow pony. I remember two young
sters not ovor eight years old gallop-
ig across lots to see u polo game at
Port Worth, just as hard as their ruin
mare could lay foot tn ground. Hound
the curncr went the mure ami off flew
the children. Hut that man pony would
no sooner run away from those children
than would their old dog. Sin- sidled
up to a fence to allow them to remount,
laving back her ears ami pretending to
bi'le a chubby calf, the yellow dug cunning Ihe fun ami jumping at tier nose
with joyful barks,    A friend fr  Sun
Angelo shared my amusement, aud >uid:
"That old mare must be a sister of
obi man  Merchant's Charlie."
She probably was not a blood sister,
but she was a real Texas cow pony, and
no doubt, someone had "fought it out
with her with lump sugar."
A Personal Appreciation
DURING the minority nf the Duke
of Cornwall, heir apparont to tho
throne, the Duke of Counaught is
destined to take a conspicuous place in
public duties and ceremonials. Already
he has been named successor to Earl
Grey ns Governor-General of Canada
and as representative of the King at
the opening of the first federal Parliament in  South  Africa.
For both of these tasks the Duke of
Connaught is nrlniirably "quipped by
nature and by training. Like his
brother, tho Into King Edward, he has
tact and capacity and industry that
would fit him for any position. A correspondent  in  Ottawa  recently hinted
that the duties of the Viceroy in Canada were more onerous than ornamental.
Wad he known the Duke of Connaught
he would not have felt it necessary to
utter this warning, for his Koyal High
ness has shown iu a long ami busy career that he is no idler and has no ambition to occupy a sinecure-.
From the day—forty-two years ago
—when he entered the Royal Engineers
he has worked at his profession, not as
a dilettante but as a serious and practical soldier. The record of his serviees
is in itself a proof, He passed through
every branch of the Army—from sapper to gunner, frum infantry to cavalry.
He commanded the Ouards at Telel-
Kebir in the Sniidan campaign l>* 'SH-i
and shared with the Duke of Cambridge
the distinction of a Royal Prince who
had been under tire. Twice he has held
u command in India, twice in England
ami once in Ireland. Perhaps the severest test of his military capacity was
made in India, where h'e remained for
six years. The first three years were
spent in Bengal with the rank id' major general and the last three iu command of the Bombay army. Only a
man who is a born soldier ami a hard
and conscientious worker can control
a great Indian military district. The
Duke of Connaught in those years established his military reputation on a firm
basis und confirmed the impression
-which the people had already formed
of his earnestness and capacity.
Those who imagine that no disabilities attach to royalty know nothing of
the Duke of Cnunnught's bitter disappointment when he was forbidden to
share with his comrades the risks of war
iu South Africa. Hut Queen Victoria
was adamant, and her widowed daughter, Princess Henry of Bnttenberg, was
at hand to remind her that death
knocks at the door of the palace as well
as at the door of the cottage.
A strict disciplinarian and a diligent
officer, the Duke of Counaught commands the respect nf the soldiers, while
his good nature and his sense of humor
win their affection. Only of a commander with these human qualities
could be told this anecdote for which
his Koyal Highness is the authority.
A young subaltern putting a company
of infantry through their drill managed
to get. them into a terrible muddle. The
Duke, who was watching the effort, called the subaltern tn him and asked,
have you any idea what your men are
supposed to be doing?" The boy saluted
and replied, with a confiding smile,
"Not the slightest, sir. Have you?"
There is alsu the story that illustrates
both his humor and ono of the difficulties of his position. It is related that
at a reception at the Horse Guards the
Duke asked an officer who had been
presented what he wanted. "Nothing,
thank yoji, sir,' was the modest reply.
" My dear sir,' exclaimed his Koyal
Highness, shaking the astonished officer
vigorously by the hand, "I am really
glad to meet you. it is a long time since
I met an Army officer who wanted nothing. "
These anecdotes indicate characteristics that will appeal to Canadians, who,
while they love a Governor-General who
is royal, delight especially in one that
can unbend and divest himself of ceremonial. And the Duke of Connaught
can do both, for though bora in the
purple he has little taste for its formalities aud knows the virtue of camaraderie. No Governor-General, we venture to predict, will prove mure popular or more efficient in the discharge of
his official and social duties. These
qualities will commend him to tne people of South Africa also. His visit, it is
true, will be one of ceremony, for it
marks a new epoch iu the new Dominion, But his Koyal Highaess will give
to the ceremony an intimate personal
note. A groat traveller, he has by instinct and experience the sympathetic
understanding that puts him at once
into harmony with his surrutiactings. No
one can feel long a stranger in his presence or can withhold his innermust con
fidonce. And he has, too, that broad
and imperial outlook which is the gift
of temperament and of travel. Many
people have perhaps forgotten the sacrifice he made in order to retain the
nationality which is his pride. Without hesitation he guvc up his claim to
the Grand Duchy of Snxe-Ooburg and
left to his nephew, the Duke of Albany,
the honors aud emoluments uf this great
Another qualification the Duke nf
Connaught lias to commend him to
Canadians and South Africans as well
as to Britons iu every part of 'tho
world. He is a famous sportsman. As
everybody knows, he has lately returned from East Africa, where for the second time he appeared as a hunter of big
game. Nothing gives him greater pleasure than those visits to the wilds iu
search oft adventure, and his delight, as
well as his success, is shared by the
Duchess of Counaught, who is a keen
sportswoman and a splendid shot. If a
Prince nf the Royal House had the liberty nf a private individual his Koyal,
Highness would have limited his activities to sport und soldiering, fur in these
he recognizes his true metier, But the
conditions of his birth have imposed upon him duties in other spheres, and in
the discharge uf these duties he has displayed conspicuous abilities and unselfish patriotism. No stronger proof of
these qualities and uf his active temperament could be found than in his
resignation of the Mediterranean command. At Malta he had a sinecure to
which were attached both dignity and
emolument, and he had the conscience
and cuurage to abandon it and to give
his reasons. This bold step lias confirmed the popular judgment of his
character and has strengthened his reputation iu the Army.
Like his nephew, King George, the
Duke of Connaught is devoted to his
home and his family, and loves to have
his children nbout him. In tho Duche-s
he has a real comrade, cagor to share
his pursuits and his travels. A daughter
of the "Red Prince"—the hero of
Koiiiggrutz—Princess Louise Margaret
of Prussiu wns married at the ngu of
nineteen, ami since fhe year 1870, when
she arrived in Britain, has established
herself in tho esteem of tho people.
Whether nt Bagshot Park or' nt Clarence House, she takes keen Interest in
everything that concerns the. welfare
of tenant or neighbor. Prince- Arthur
of Connaught, their only sun, follows
tho profession of arms like his father.
Princess Margaret, their eldest daughter, is the wife of the Crown Prince of
Sweden, and is destined to occupy a
throne, whib- Princess Victoria Patricia
continues to l;e the constant companion
of the Duke and Duchess, both ut home
and abroad.
Marvellous Feats Performed bg
the Dead
A    RECENT    American    newspaper
tolls of un express train, carrying
scores of passengers, running for
miles witli the cold baud of the dead
engineer grasping the throttle.
Like many other true incidents, the
story is more weird than any fiction.
Tito engineer wus at uis post on his side
uf the cnb, his head out of the window,
his hand on the throttle. The fireman
was attending to his duties, tossing coal
into the furnace, aud now and then giving a blast of the whistle. Once or
twice he spoke to the engineer and got
not answer, but he supposed his mute
was nut in a talkative mood.
As the train approached a station
where it was wont to stop the fireman
gave a long blast on the whistle, the
igual that a halt was to lie made. But
the train sped on with unslackened
speed. Nut until it had gone past the
itatlon like a flash did the fireman's
suspicions  become   aroused.
'What's the matter. Bill*" he asked. "We ought to have stopped
There was no response, and the now
frightened fireman placed his hand on
the engineer's shoulder. He withdrew
t with a yell when he found the man's
body stiff in death. With a presence
of mind born of a life of danger, the
fireman quickly reversed the lever and
brought the train to a stop.
How long the engineer had beeu dead
is not known, but it was probably half
iu hour or more. A weak heart, a slight
convulsion unnoticed by the busy flro-
man, and the engineer was dead at his
tost, while death's hand held tho
Several years ago a Russian cemetery
was the sceue of a weird wedding. A
young woman who had been betrothed
died suddenly ou the eve of her marriage. Great preparations had been
made for the wedding, ami the bridegroom aud his friends determined that
the intervening hand of death should
not interfere with the ceremony.
The funeral cortege then became a
bridal party. The bridegroom walked
beside the coffin containing the body
of his fiancee as it was borne to the
cemetery. At the grave the marriage
eremnny was performed, after which
the body of the bride, dad in her wedding garments, was lowered into the
The story of the Phantom Ship or the
Flying Dutchman, who for blasphemy
was condemned to try in vain to beat
a round Cape Horn until the Day of
Judgment, has its modem example iu
the fate of the ship "General Siglin."
about ten years ago. The "General Siglin "sailed from Sun Francisco for Alaska, but never reached her destination.
Months later the sealing schooner Arie-
tis was cruising about 200 miles off the
coast of British Columbia when she
sighted a ship. The Arietis signalled
the schooner, but got no answer. Running closed to the vessel, the crew of
the' Arietis made out the figure of a
man at the helm, grasping the wheel,
his gaze apparently fixed intently
ahead. The man at the wheel was hailed, but returned no answer.
The story of the ship's fate can only
be conjectured, as none of her crew was
ever seen alive. It is supposed that tho
vessel was caught in a storm and began
to leak badly, and the crew deserted
her, the captain refusing to leave his
Nut many years ago a valuable cup
was won in a bicycle race in Australia
by a man who was dead when he pnssed
the winning-post. The race took place
before a crowd estimated at 10,000 persons. The betting was lively and the
contest close, and tne spectators were
worked up to a high pitch of excitement. Tn the last "lap .Tames Somer-
ville, one of the riders, forged ahead
and got such a lead that victory was assured. When within twenty-five yards
of the finish those nearest to him saw
him relax his hold on the handle bars
nnd lose his footing on the pedals.
Amid frantic cheers of the spectators
he sped past the goal, winning the race
by a few yards, and pitched forward
from his machine. When he was picked
up he was dead, aud doctors declare the
spark of life left his body when he was
seen to lose his grip on the handle bars.
It, was a lifeless body that had orussed
the line a winner.
Many sportsmen will recall the part
which the proprietor of a London gambling house was made to play after
death. The man's name was Crock-
ford, and he owned many rnce horses.
The day before the Derby one of Crock-
furd's horses was poisoned, and tho misfortune brought ou an attack of apoplexy which caused his death late that
night. Many of his friends had staked
large sums on Croekford's horses, which
were disqualified by the death of the
owner. Only a few'knew of his sudden
death, however, and these wero sworn
tn secrecy.
On the day of the nice Croekford's
body was made to look as lifelike as
possible and was placed in a chair at au
upper window1 of his home, partly concealed by the lace curtains. People going to the Derby and passing the house
saw tho figure at the window nnd cheered him. It wns said that Crockford was
not well and was unable tn attend the
race. His horses won, and the next day
it was announced that Crockford was
dead. It was several years, however,
before the true facts leaked out.
Of all the stories of the days of chivalry nono is inoro interesting than how
the Cid Campeador, "God's scourge upon tho Moors,'' won a battle after
death. The Cid died nt Valencia, and
before death directed that his body bo
taken to Castile, dust about this time
a mighty army laid seige to Valencia,
but tile story is best told in the quaint
language of the chronicler:
"All this while the company of tho
Cid were preparing all things to go
into Castile, as he had commanded before his death, aud his trusty Gil Diez
did nothing else but labor at this. And
tho body of Cid wns preparod after this
manner: First, it was embalmed nnd
anointed as tho history has already recounted, and the virtue of the balsam
nnd myrrh was such that the flesh remained firm nnd fair, having its natural
color, and his counteunnce as it was
wont to be, and his eyes open, aad his
long beard In order, so there wns not a
man who would have thought him dead
if he had seen him and not known it.
And Gil Diez placed the body upon a
right noble saddle, and this saddle, with
the body upon it, he put upon a frame;
and he dressed the body in a gambax
of fine sendal next the skin. And he
took two boards and fitted them to the
body, one to the breast and the other to
the shoulders. These were so hollowed
out and fitted that they met at the sides
and under the arms, and the hind ono
came up to the poll and the other up to
the beard, and these boards were fast
ened to the saddle so that the body
could not move.
"Now, Alvar Fanez Minaya had sot
tho host In order, and, while the Bishop
Don Hieronymo nnd Gil Diez led tho
wny with the body of the Cid and Dona
Nimeua and tho baggage, he fell upon
tho Moors. Aud so great was the uproar and confusion that few there wer.i
who took arms, but instead thereof they
turned their backs and fled toward the
"Aud when King Bucar and bin
kings saw this they were astonished.
And it seemed to them that there came
against them on tho part *ot the Christians full 70,000 knights, all white as
snow, und before them a knight of
great stature upon a white horse with a
bloody cross, who bore iu one hand a
white banner and in the other a sword
which seemed to be of fire, and he made
a great mortality among the Moors."
THE interest which has been aroused
in London by Mr. H. B. Irving's
masterly impersonation of tho
dual role of the high-minded Dr. Jekyll
and his other self, the villaiaous Mr,
Hyde, led to the asking a West-end specialist in diseases of the brain whether
there were any such cases of dual personality in real life.
"Quite a number," he promptly replied; "although I have never heard of
such striking contrasts ns those of Dt.
Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. Ou several occasions, however, I have come into conflict with men who, with a reputation
for kindness aud geniality, would do tho
most cruel things at times, A curious
kink in the nature of a West-country
farmer whom I knew led him to treat
dogs and cats with abominable cruelty.
He took fiendish delight in torturing
and starving tlui>m, and yet this same
man was exceedinly popular with everybody in his neighborhood and continually doing acts of kindness towards the
children of tho village near which ho
lived. He candidly confessed to me
that the sight of a cat or dog soetnod
to arouse every savage instinct in him,
aud he came to me to see if I could
do anything for lum. I could only suggest that he should rigidly exclude cats
and dogs from his home. This, I believe, he has done.
"Another case was that of a maa
who had periodical fits of moroseness,
and absolutely declined to •,..«ik tu his
wife or children for days together when
the attacks seized him; aud yet, when
thoy had passed away, he was the best
of husbands and fathers, and was continually expressing his sorrow to his
wife and children for the pain he caused them. They recognized, howoTer,
that, he was the victim of some psyschp-
logical trick which medical science
could not fathom, readily forgave him,
and endeavored to take no notice of his
attacks. But they grew worse, and at
last I advised him to go away whenever he felt them coming ou, aud stop
until the attack was over. He adopted
this plan, and I had a letter from him
a short, time ngo in which he said that
he thought ho was getting much better.
"It is the case of a woman, however,
that ono finds some extraordinary cases
of dual personality. One of the must
remarkable cases I have ever met with
was that of a young woman who had a
very fine vuiee. Her parents were anxious to have it cultivated, and placed
their daughter under the tuition of a
vocal instructor, who promised a brilliant future for the embryo singer. But
the young woman said she could not
sing a note, did not want to sing, anyway, and distracted her parents and instructor with her fits of melancholy
and stubbornness, iu which she refused
to take the slightest interest in her
vocation, and yet' she could sing like
a lark. a
"Personally I believe that a good
many cases of kleptomania are duo to
u dual personality which forces a woman to steal against her will. Then,
again, very frequently imaginary love
affairs between married men nnd
strange women they meet are caused by
a dual personality. A man uf a religious turn uf mind, quite home-loving
and for years a family man, will suddenly be obsosaed by a personality that
is unaccountably attracted to a typo of
woman from whom i o would turn in
horror under ordinary circumstances;
but during the obsession this creaturo
appeals tn him ns the highest type of '
femininity, for whom he is willing to
sacrifice 'wife, home, children, and
"I remember a short time ago the
case of a woman was brought under my
notice who was frequently obsessed by
h cringing und fearful nuture that led
hor to believe her husband had determined tu poison her. So fixed was the
idea that, taking her childron, she abandoned her husband and went to America. In her normal state she laughed at
the idea, but under tho influence of the
detached personality she could not freo
herself from the obsession.
"As a rule the transition from one
of these phases of persobality to another is preceded by grave nervous
symptoms, and accompanied by interrupted digestion and sleeplessness.
What is tho mothod of curof One can
only adviso''change of air and sconery,
mode of living, etc., iu such cases, for
the simplo reason that so much dopeuds
upon the will of tho patient. At the
same time, much may bo dono by quiet
vensoning and suggestion."
HEAR    about    Perkinst        Pretty
"No.   What?"
"The poor fellow dropped into tho
vernacular) bumped against a hard word
aud split his infinitive."
THE present style of dress makes it possible, indeed obligatory, to have au unusual number of outside garments
or separate wraps, and not only is there a jacket for
the simple street costume, but also afternoon and evening
wraps galore. Discussed und rediscussed is the question of
the length of the coat. Shall it be long or short, tight or
loose, simple or elaborate! And alas! no definite conclusion
is arrived at, so tlmt after ordering a long, loose coat it is
to say the least, disconcerting to be told that the short and
much more tightly fitting jacket is far the smartest of nil.
There being no rule commanding alt gowns made alike, it is
perhaps a wise plan to have the different stylos for tho different costumes, but there are many wumen who prefer to keep
Satin Wrap with Gold Embroidery
to a certain style in all their gowns aud do not rare for th
variety, ami they make objections to this somewhat involved
state of affairs. Ou the other nand, the woman who delights
in always being in most up to date gowns enjoys the contrasts
she is able to obtain by being one day gowned in one style
and another day iu another.
The long, all enveloping cloaks und mantles, for the old
fashioned word mantle is once again heard in the laud, ai
most graceful und generally becoming. The lines are Hi
same whether the garment is intended lor afternoon or
evening wear, but the evening wraps are wider aud longer
It requires a good figure and a knowledge of how to stand
well to wear some of the most voluminous of these wraps,
but so becoming are they when correctly worn that it seems
strange that every woman iu the world docs not at once go
into training to make the wearing of them possible. There
is no hard and fust rule as to what material shall be chosen.
Satin--Liberty satin—is fashionable, but soft finish cloth or
silk, chiffon, net ami luce, one and all are in style, so that
there is practically unlimited choice iu material as well as
It seems strangely paradoxical that iu these days of exaggeratedly scant skirts and with every effort made to look
as slight as possible, this fashion of wide, full cloaks should
have gained ground. It may be iu anticipation of the full,
wide skirts that are predicted for next season, but it is certainly not according to the usual order of ovents, and can
only be explained by the tueory that Dome Pashion is deter
mined the conspicuous and Incongruous shall lie accepted by
her followers. Could there be anything more Incongruous
than one of the newest, the really, truly newest of models for
mi evening wrap or mantle, made of unlined pleated clllffou
in the most fascinating shade of brown and trimmed with a
deep band of sable? Pur in summer always seems like an
attempt to be original and a wish to be conspicuous, but it
Should be remembered that fashions are not designed just fur
one country only, where iu winter the heaviest of outer gar
tuents are worn and iu summer the lightest possible, but for
a climate that permits of the wearing of fur all the yeur, so
that Chiffon ami fur combined are not so incongruous, Mara
bout and ostrich feathers are even newer as trimming for
chiffon cloaks and are iu great demand.
Much attention is paid to the lit over the shoulders of
all mantles, ami it is the modiste's task to so arrange thai
across the shoulders the garment shall fit to perfection ami
then below tho shoulders fall loo.se and wide, measuring yards
in circumference. An effective and popular trimming that
helps to emphasize good lines is velvet ribbon, preferably
black. Then1 is no fixed rule as to the quantity to be used,
but it should be remembered that the lines must be kept long.
otherwise n thick, clumsy look will be given that will quite
spoil Hie most graceful cloak ever designed. All colors arc
fashionable for these mantles, aud black lined with color is
most popular. White, strange to say, is least iu favor, al
though there are some, most attractive mantles in white, lined
with a pale shade, that will look charming with white or light
colored chiffon or satin evening gowns,
The evening wraps of satin are almost identically the same
as the others, only if intended wholly for evening they can
be more elaborately trimmed, Gold and silver braiding looks
decidedly incongruous with any wrap worn iu the daytime.
A most effective and becoming evening wrap tlmt has graceful lines is in deep crimson satin, with nit embroidered do
sign iu gold cutting the entire cloak. The same pattern can
be taken as a Inundation, with Ihe embroidery only around
the top and down the fronts, ami if economy has to be faced,
then the embroidery only around the neck is sufficient, aud
big tassels or a flat ornament will finish oil' the embroidery
when the cloak is fastened. A delightfully luxurious touch
is to be noticed iu the costly wraps. Over the satin lining is
a lining of chiffon. This is not new this season, hut has gain
ed in favor with the craze that is so widespread for veiled
effects. It is contended that the garment is much more easily
put ou and taken off when there is this chiffon lining, but as
there are no sleeves, and, as has been said, the wider and
looser the cloak the more in style it is, this point can hardly
lie used iu its defence. But it is one of those subtle and
fascinating fads that are so dear to the heart of a woman,
and which give her the serene consciousness and consequent
poise that only the knowledge nf being perfectly turned nut
can ever bestow.
The wonderful advance in dress is shown in the simpler
styles more than in anything else. The loose motor coal, light
or heavy, is a wonderful garment, white the so-called traveling or tourist coat is no longer ugly, shapeless and aggressively unbecoming, but is often one of the most becoming articles of clothing. To be w|rm and light in demanded ol the
travelling coat, and the materials now provided for the purpose certainly fulfil those requirements. Vicuua cloth, coats
that look like Teddy bears, soft, wide wale serge, all sorts of
cheviots and rough cloths and the white blanket coats
these are all to be found ready made, and the private tailors
have never had so many orders as this season. Black and
white plaids, not small'checks, trimmed with black satin
facings and gilt buttons, are smart, but the more conserva
five taste selects the light tan vicuna cloth without any
trimming. Even raincoats are made becoming, and, whib
light enough in weight to wear over an inside coat, him
suflicient warmth to be wuru ever a light gown. The Rose
bery cloth and all the crnvenelted materials are really water
proof and yet can be made both becoming and smart for
the purpose for which they are manufactured—as a protection
from wind and weather.
Cloth cloaks arc not for the moment so smart as the satin,
but a cheap, good quality of satin is not to be compared with
a cloth uf the same price, so for the woman who must count
pennies must the warning be given to buy caredfully. All
the leading shops display a remarkable assortment of satin
cloaks and there are always tu be discovered some bargains
among them, but a striking color and good lines hide serious
defects and money is often literally thrown away in the purchase of an effective satin cape that after being worn two
or three times will look hopelessly shabby.
a   •   *
A butter color lace frill with a cluster of forget -me nots in
the centre makes a pretty slipper rosette and another dainty
novelty for the black satin slipper is a butterfly of Wired
black lace with the wings embroidered in gold dots. Tulle
rosettes with a rhiiiestune button or a tiny buckle in the
centre ere also attractive.
To change the trimmings on the slippers cut an oval piece
of buckram about two inches across aud at the under sitle of
each end sew a hook. To correspond to the hooks un the buckram make little uhick silk eyelets un the vamp. The rosette
or butterfly may be securelv hooked on.
The question of what to wear under tne exaggeratedly
scant skirt of the present fashions must be carefully considered in making the summer outfit. For some time the drop
skirt, as is termed the silk underskirt fastened tu the belt
of the gown, has been eliminated and the silk petticoat has
been deemed suflicient. Silk petticoats are thought by some
over zealous followers of fashion to be unnecessary, and certainly the nil too tight skirt permits of no additional fulness,
but tt is noted that iu the latest uf importations the serge or
cloth skirts are lined with silk, as was fashionable some years
ago, the lining not separate but made with the material.
Another style bus a lining fitted into the skirt half way
and then finished with a deep double flounce of chiffon, This
makes passible fhe tightest of skirts and at the same time
is vastly more becoming, for, thin and light as is chiffon, it
prevents the skirt from failing iu around the ankles iu too
exaggerated a fashion. Another point to lie noticed in the
newest gowns is that, while apparently exaggeratedly scant,
there is more material used and double box pleats fastened
far down give width nnd a flare that is far more becoming.
HERMAN, the dramatist, who in early life had a high
reputation as a chemist, was once called to give evi-
den regarding a certain brand uf wine. Ah he testified
that it was totally innocent of grape juice, the merchant was
heavily lined. On coming out of court the defendant asked
Herman, "Mow is it that vou were able to swear so positively that there is no grape juice in that stuff of mine?" "Because if there had been any, in combination with the other
elements you used, it would have caused tartaric acid to form
on the barrel." "Thank you so much," replied the enlight-
i ned adulterator, " Vou 'II find some ou ttie barrel next
Concerning Maeterlinck and the tobacco habit a recent
biographer says: "Without the help of tobacco he seemed
incapable of receiving inspiration or crystallizing it iu words.
If ln> has not overcome the need he has outflanked it. Smoking, he noticed, had lost its virtue as a stimulant, and instead
of rousing the brain tu activity, as at first, had come to disturb its functions; so now, in lieu of ordinary tobacco, he
fills his howl with a denicotinized preparation, tasteless, indeed, but harmless.    His pipe is still always alight when the
no- 3
Contains no alum.
Made of healthful ingredients, without alum.
The only well-known moderate priced baking powder made in Canada that contains no alum.
Complies with the Law of Great Britain by containing
mo alum.
Anticipates the Pure Food Law of Canada by contain*
ing no alum,
Safeguards the health of the family by containing no
Is honest with consumers by containing no alum.
Free Cook
If y«i hava not r*>
caivad a copy of Mafic
Cook Book, gand najna
and addrcti on portal
card aad tbia valuabla
lilt la book will ba
ojaiM fraa «| dwrp.
Manufactured by
E. W. Gilktt Co. Ltd Toronto, Oat
No. 862!
Bed Satin Evening Wrap
pen is busy, but it is hardly now more than un Innocent sul
terfuge intended to cheat and so satisfy au irresistible till
chatiical craving,"
John Richard Green, author of the well known history o
England, was a parish priest in London iu ISiiii. He took
prominent .part iu the work of relief when an epidemic Ml Id
many people. Mrs. .1. R. tlreen has left, on record a typicn
instance: "On one occasion, he found a man dangerously il
in an upper room. Some big draymen iu the streef refuse'
to help the man downstairs. Green thereiore tried to chit
the man downstairs. His slight frame was u norma I to th
effort, and the two fell frum the top to the bottom of th
stairs together. The man, who wan in a state of collapse, wn
not injured.*'
WHEN*  one  stops  to   think  of  it,
there is nothing more marvelous
iu the world than the process of
digestion.    It   is   taking place   all  the
time, too—right inside of us!
We eat certain food-stuffs, aud they
form a living human body—flesh, bones,
muscles, nerves, organs. And all of these
nerves, muscles and organs are capable
of living, moving and acting upon food
laook, for instance, at that chicken!
It walks about, picking up seeds and
grains and worms aud what not; and all
this is transformed into eye und comb,
beak aud feathers of multiple shades!
The fish that swims in the sea lives on
its varied food, and, iu this case, it is
transformed into scales aud fins aud
glassy eyes, which give one the creeps
to look at it! Yes, it is all very wonderful.
One tact uf practical importance
must be borne in mind here. It has
been said that "digestion begins in
the mouth aud ends iu the lungs." The
moaning of this is as follows: After the
food has passed into the stomach, ami
is acted upon by its appropriate digestive juices, aud after it has passed on
into the intestine, and is acted upon by
the juices there, it is absorbed into the
blood stream, and carried to the lungs
there to be mixed with air.
The oxygen of the air combines with
the particles of food, ami renders them
capable of being used by the system.
Until this process has* been' gone
through the food cannot be used by the
body. No matter how much food we
eat, if il is not mixed with the oxygen
of the air in this fashion the body cannot use it. (Hence the great Importance
of fresh air after eating).
Prom this fact we draw the following
important conclusion: That the more
food we eat, the more we should
breathe; and the less food we eat, the
less need we breathe. If the disproportion between the two be great, ami be
kept up for months and years, grave
disease-* are bound to follow in conse-
rj nonce,
Until rocoutly it was thought that
digestion was a comparatively simple
process. The    proleids --the    muscle
forming foods were, supposedly, quid,
ly noted upon bv the gastric juice of
the stomach ami absorbed. The fats
aud starches went ou, and they were ait
ed ii|ioii by the various juices, ami absorbed in turn. Il was all very simple!
Now, however, it is known 'that the
process Is far more complex, and Hint
lUllliy changes are passed through be
fore'the food is really absorbed bv the
body, or ready lor forming bodily
Starches cannot be absorbed by the
body AS SUCH, They must lirst be
converted info a sort of sugur or "glucose. '' This cannot be done iu -in
acid medium; hence the necessity uf
chewing nil such funds very thoroughly
so tlmt they may be converted in the
mouth by means of the saliva. Prololds
are largely dissolved by the acid, gas
trie juice of the stomach. Fats and
starches complete their digestion iu
the bowols, The fats are here .made
into a sort of soap—an emulsion- -and
iu that condition they are absorbed by
the blood, carried to the lungs, and
filially grubbed up by the hungry tissue-
cells to make live bodily mutter.
Most uf the changes that are undergone in the process of digestion are
now understood, and it bus been found
that they are chielly chemical in char
actor.    The changes und  reactions arc
 io roils ami inurvelous, but. they can
be followed. From the moment when
food is put iu the mouth until it reaches
the bodily cell as nourishment for it
these changes can be followed and in
huge measure understood, lint when
this fond material is converted into
living matter-when it  forms the body
—no one can tell what takes place, nor
have we the slightest idea of the changes necessitated in bringing this result.
to pass.
The food seems in some way "vitalized"—as though endowed with life
from the living cell, and then that it
forms part of it. Bat the mechanism
which brings this to pass cannot be
comprehended. We are face to face
with the problem, "What is life!" We
muy, iu truth, call it "The miracle of
fTl HE King of Spain, who went to
X England for the funeral of King
Edward, is twenty-four. His Ma
.testy, who is original in all things, is
said to have had a hand iu the manufacture of bis face! This sounds a
strange statement, but it came about iu
this way. When he was a very small
boy, he was found one day by his attendants standing iu front of Velasquez's famous picture of Philip TV., of
Spain. The young monarch looked long
and earnestly at his ancestor's portrait,
and then said: "I will have a chin like
that." From this instant he set himself
the task of moulding his chin with his
hand into the true Bourbon shape with
the result that today his likeness to
Philip is singularly striking. King Al
phonso has a great liking for Kngland.
and some years ago, when the outlnok
was very black in Barcelona and other
parts of Spain, ami he was asked by
a friend what he would do if ho ever
found it necessary to follow Napoleon
III., and other European sovereigns into
exile, he replied, "1 should at once go
to Kngland ami purchase a farm iu some
country district, and try to forget there
was such a place as Spain or any land
that was less peaceful than the one in
which f found myself.''
They Must Be This Color If They Arc
to Be Preserved
THK upto-ilatc balloon is yellow, according lo a  writer in  La Nature
i Paris),   not    because   tiorouauts
love this color, but  because it  protects
the   balloon   from   disintegration.     We
The yellow   tint   of all  the covers of
modern balloons, dirigible or ottiorwi.*c,
has I a i-cmnrl-ed upon.   The clinic '
this   color   has   be,.i,   d I-tn fed       bo
much by aesthetic considerations a- by
the fact that it is a capital condition I
of the balloon's prosorviitlon. Lieut.- I
Col, Kspitallier explains I In- in a recoill I
number of La Technique Aorniiautirjlto,I
The textile fabric that forms lie- envoi
ope of the balloon is covered with a
layer of caoutchouc which assures its
Impermeability, but on condition that
the caoutchouc remains unaltered. Now
India rubber, even when vulcanized, deteriorates rapidly under the action of
violet or ultra violet rays of the solar
light. It must thus be protected by a
yellow pigment that absorbs the injurious rays.
lu Germnuy, au nuilin dye is considered suflicient; iu Prance, the use of
neutral chromate of lead is regarded
us necessary. This is easily recognizable from its more brilliant color. Tho
lead eliminate produces an effect that
lasts longer than that of anil In colors;
but, on the otner hand, it must be applied before the last layer of rubber,
and this cannot be vulcanized; this
operation would require the use of heat,
which would destroy the yellow color
of the chroma to, This inconvenience
is the more serious in that the rubber
deteriorates far more easily when not
vulcanized. The layer concerned, of
course, is only the thin one spread over
the external tissue, the cover of the
balloon itself consisting essentially of a
double layer of fabric enclosing an interior one of caoutchouc, which is always carefully vulcanized. Nevertheless, the alteration of fhe outised layer
has an injurious effect on the whole envelope.
In short, our balloons must be yellow; this must be considered us settled;
but we have as yet no really satisfactory yellow pigment, so the aeronauts
are calling loudly for the chemists to
help them.
ONE of the reasons formerly urged
against the existence of living
creatures iu the abysses of the
ocean was the supposed absence of oxygen there. It was deemed impossible
that any considerable quantity of oxygen could evist at great depths. But discoveries of recent date have shown that
there is un lack of oxygen even at the
greatest depths. The. explanation is
that the cold water of the polar regions,
cuarged with tho oxygen from the atmosphere, creeps aioiig the hottom toward the equator from both poles and
thus carries a supply uf oxygon over the
whole vast floor of the oceans. The
surface water moves toward tho poles,
and so a great system of circulation exists, Were it not for this world circulation, one authority assures us, it is altogether probable that the ocean would
iu time become too foul to sustain animal life, at least in its higher manifestations, and the sea. the mother of life,
WOUld itself be dead.
Published   every   Saturday   at  Cumberland,   R.C,  by
Ormond T. Smiths,
Editor und Proprietor.
Advertising rates published elsewhere in the paper;
Subscription priie $1,50 per year, payable in advance.
T!ie editor  does  not   hold   himself responsible for  views  expressed by
What the Editor has to say.
Spitting, we are told, by Government notices posted up
in the post office and other conspicuous places, is a filthy and
unnecessary habit, and contrary to law.
Although we are not an authority on the subject, we are
quite prepared to believe that when a man chews tobacco it
may be necessary for him to "spit out the juice."
We do not believe, however, that it is quite the correct
thing for a man to sit on a saloon step and squirt streams of
tobacco juice across the sidewalk, without any regard for the
rights and safety of passers by.
We know of one case, at least, where a summer dress has
bsen ruined by an unbeautiful adornment of tobacco juice.
Swearing, too, is much too prevalent on our public
Personally, we are not going to lose any sleep over it
whether men swear or not, but it is a fact to be regretted that
it is almost impossible for a lady to walk along our main street
without having to listen to a stream of the foulest kind of
The post office regulation, which went into effect some
months ago, which prevented the people of Canada having
access to their post office boxes on a Sunday, is one of the
greatest specimens of old womanish officiousness that our law
makers have yet been guilty of.
While this regulation is a handicap in many communities
it is especially so in this city, where we have but three mails
a week, and one of these late on Saturday night.
In view of the exceptional circumstances of the case, it
ought to be possible to prevail upon the department to modify
this regulation as far as Cumberland is concerned.
A superstitious subscriber, who found a spider in his
paper, wants to know if it is considered a bad omen. Nothing
of the kind. The spider was just looking over the columns of
the paper to see what merchants were not advertising so that
it could spin its web across his store door, and be free from
A wisely conducted newspaper is like a banquet. Every
thing is served up with a view to variety. Help yourself to
what you want and do not condemn the entire spread because
pickles and onions may be included. If you do not relish
them somebody else may find them palatable. Be generous,
and broad enough to select gracefully such reading matter
from newspapers as will be agreeable to your mental taste.
You, as an individual, are not compelled to swallow everything. We do not all think alike on every subject, and it is
a good thing, as it makes more variety, and variety is the
spice of existence.
We have just been favored with a copy of the regulations
made under the Game Act for open and closed seasons during
I!) 10.
The most important provisions under these regulations, as
they affect Comox district, are as follows :—
The shooting of pheasants is absolutely prohibited.
Grouse of all kinds may be shot between the 15th September and 31st December, both days inclusive.
Ducks of all kinds, and snipe, may be shot between 15th
September, 1910, and 28th February, 1911, and geese at any
Deer may be shot between 15th September and 15th
Wapiti may be shot at any time.
Ducks, geese aud snipe may be sold during the months
of October und November only.
to solicit
subscriptions to
on commission
: : & IRONWORKER : :
PRACTICAL   HORSESHOER—We   make  a  specialty  of
treating Interfering and Over-reaching Horses
Satisfactory  fitting of Side-weighting, Toe-weighting, Never-
slips and Rubber Pads
All kinds of Woodwork done and sold
Bllggy  Shafts,   Express  Shafts,   Cross-bars,    Wagon    Poles,
Whippie-trees, Neck Yokes, etc.
Are you
If not
H il Men! ilo is ?
In either case you should be interested in this
Carrying a full line of the very best
and Jewellery
Also a
Not the Cheapest, but the Best
Catalogue Free
Vancouver Island Nursery Co.,
Somenos, V.I.
The present owner is making lots
of money, but will sell at a sacrifice
on account of
Will sell on the buyers own terms
The building and lot are also for
sale cheap, or will rent on reasonable terms
Full particulars may be learned
by communicating with
M" The Islandfer Office
Cumberland, B.C. e
1 You'll require to be careful
about your " thin" summer
suit. To " hang right" and
not to " Sag," it ought to he
made to your order by the
most capable tailors. There's
a lot of satisfaction in " Hob-
berlin" Made to Order
light weight suits. We are
taking orders now for the real
Halifax and Hewson tweeds,
made up in two pieces, coats
semi-lined, long graceful lapels,
broad shoulder eftect, trousers
with loops and cuffs. Fit
positively guaranteed or money
Prices are $20 to $22.50
To  the printer who
does good work.
Good printing is the
only kind we do, and
our prices are   reasonable
See   us   about  your
next printing job
Prints everything
Prints it well
Job work y You otn g*t what you
want when you want it at The IklaMDXr
Pnoue 35.
Do your own shopping. See Mi-Kin*
null for Choice Fruita, C nfectinmjiy
tiid Ice Cream. yJd
Leonard Frank, of Alberni, arrived in
the distiict this week, where he will be
engaged for a couple weeks tnkii u photo-
it'aphi of lUnditig limber owned by the
Fraier River Mills Co.
The High Schools and Public Schools
of the province will reopen on Monday,
August 21).h. In the ensuing year fifth
grammars and drawing hoi An will he supplied to the students of the preliminary
course in the H gh School* ly the Ku-
cation Department.
Quite a number of stories have come
from eastern cities these last few days
conct*r> ing the plans ai>d intei.ti ns of a >
party of B:iri»h cnpitalists. The stories
have not all been t 0 s»me, but in every
case Bi itiah C< >lnmbia i* thu province that
is g< ing to be> eHt by their operations
and there are strong ground* fi r pre urn-
ing that Vancouver Island i* goiug tu be
thn lucky place. The first rtport came
fromNuw York and imiitwasevident that
the writer did not distinguish beiween
Vancouver the city and Vancouver the
Is and. lu its next form the capitalists
were associates of Maun & McKutizie, in
the Canadian Collierie* Co,, and it was
specificity stated that a new mining town
to be called Weditesbuty was to be founded somewhere in the Cm ox Valley. The
name is tlmt of the constituency repnseot-
ed in the British H<>use of Commons b>
Mr.Gritti hs, one of the leading figures in
the par y. Now and pertrnps finally, see*
ing that the party is on the road to Biii-
ish Columbia, a Winnipeg despatch states
that Mr.Griffiths is looking for a place to
settle 1,200 English immigrants, and that
colony will be known as Wednesbury,
It is all rather confusing but at least we
may assume that this group of capitalists
is interested in British Columbia and
that the chances of this Island benefitting from their visit are extremely good.
. ^w^ivwww^wwwiwww^wiw^^
To the Editor Islander.
S'r,— I am glad to know that tho Citiz
ena League waa aucceaafully started.
Judging from the one in Nanaimo and
other* it should do useful work, and no
doubt will, if run on public lines.
We have h»d several things started here
in the past, board of trade, and all of
whioh very soon came to an end because
they were ustd to grind somebody* axes.
So far the Development League is the only
one that has stood the test of time be.
cause it simply attei'da tu business.
However, with Mr. Jamea Reid aa Pre
sident of the Citizens, will be a guarantee
of its being run in the best interest of
Cumberland, a* he is well and favorably
known as a good citizsn and man of high
Wishing it every sucess.
On the 16th iinti to the wife of R Hum
phreys, U. ion Bay—a daughter.
Ailverlhftm'iilMiiiilfrtliH lieml 1 cent, t word,
1 «Msii«.; strictly 111 mlvulice.
For Sale- Half interest in Star Livery
Siable.   R. Hoinai.
Furnished Rooms to Let, opposite the
Wanted -Three Young Pigs ; send price
and particulars, T. A. L. Smith,
Hornby Island. jl!>
Two Light Draft Teams, weight about
14001b*. Apply Bhopland Bros.,
Sandwick. jll
For Sale—9 Milk Cuws and :i Heifers.
Apply H 8. Porteus, Hanksliaw,
Courtenay. jltf
8 Roomed House and Double Lot for
Sale, cheap; or will rent furnished.
Mrs. Roe.
For Sale—Chicken Ranch 3 acres, (food
House (recently renovated), 300 laying
hens, brooder house and oiuthouses,
orchard, good garden. Apply Mrs.
Hill, opposite Dr. Beadnell's, Comox.
Grocers & Bakers
Dealers in all kinds of Good
Wet Goods
Best Bread and Beer in Town
Agents for Pilsener Beer
We have just received a Complete Range of Samples of
Suitings, Trouserings
and Overcoatings  .'.
For Fall 1910-1911
And are prepared to take Special Measures for same
There must be a reason why our trade keeps growing, and
why young men come here, past all the other stores
We have really Handsome Clothing to begin with, and
surround the selling with every possible courtesy;   and
when it eomes to Downright Oood Values you'll travel a
long way before you find anything to equal these
Be as keen as you please for the moneys worth. Don't take
anything for granted, but investigate and compare. Do at
we do -insist on quality and style, along with fair prices.
Our aim is to make one purchase bring another, and you can
depend on better values here than anywhere else in town
Call and see our Fashion Plates, and get a Style Book free
J.   N.   McLEOD
Stoves and Ranges,
Builders Hardware, Cutlery,
Paint, Varnishes, Arms and Ammunition, Sporting Goods,
The  McClary  Manufactuing  Co.
Sherwin-Williams Paints
Dressers Jand Stands ranging from $65 to $15.
Sideboards " "    S50to*20.
A Large Assortment of Chairs and Bookers
New Styles
Extension Tables from * 10 up
We carry a Choice Selection of Wall Papers
and Linoleums
The Furniture Store"
McPhee Block A.   McKINNON      Cumberland, B.C
Pilsener Beer
The product of Pure Malt and
Bohemian Hops
Absolutely no chemicals used
in its manufacture
== Best on the Coasts;
Pilsenep Brewing Co..    Cumberland. B.C.
Beadnell & Biscoe
gomoXt ft-@-
S'-a frontages and farming- land for sale
Barrister,   Solicitor   and
Notary Public.
Cumberland  &  Union Waterworks Co., Ltd.
Sprinkling will be allowed only
between the hours of 7 to f a.m. nnd
7 to 8 p.m.
Leaking laps must lie attended to.
Any changes or additions to existing
piping must be sanctioned by the
A. MoKnioiit,
The finest hotel in the city.
Noliuo is hereby given that ono
month alter date I intend to apply to
tho Superintend.nit of Provincial
Police for a transfer of the Liquor
License now held hy mo for and in
respect of the Elk Hotel, Comox, B.C.,
unto C. A. Martin.
Dated at Comoi this 22nd day of
July, 1910.
O. G. McDonald.
Mrs. J. R. Flock, of London, OnL,
for years received the best medical
attention that Canada afforded.
Her husband was a prominent phy-
■lclan, yet his skill and that of his
colleagues, was of no avail in helping
Mrs. Flock.
She writes. "I was a constant martyr to Stomach Weakness all my life
am) no physician could cure me, but
'Frult-a-Hves' gave me entire relief
and I cordially recommend this fam- '
on- fruit medicine to the public."
"rrult-a-tlves"   corrects  all  dlsor-
tiers  of digestion,  and  is a positive
and speedy cure for Indigestion, Dye- j
pepala and Constipation.
"Fruit-a-tlves" are sold by all deal-
era at 50c a box, 6 for 32.50, or trial
box,   2 5c,  or may be obtained from j
Fruit-a-tlve.s,   Limited,   Ottawa.
That Reminds Me
SCIENCE (Including BoliMtraftj)
Tn* Art* asm may bt t*A*» wfcfc-
Mat attmawM. km *tad*nt* l«iiaj
to fraaaats nan* attaad en* mt\m.
Han wm 1517 ilstnto NfjataMa
tmmom 1K»-10.
Vm Cabas***, wot* tin Rajwtnf,
"I kavi uttti your Rpavli Curt on a S|iruDg
union wllb E'wd rnuIU u.d 1 au Wwiinm-ud It
$m Colur mhI pkHU Utili." J. H. lla/.l.U.
Spavin Cure
1* ■ blauitic tu farmer* ami stockman. In lli» ti.iM
« »'*n, Kendall - Spavin Cun \a* IHrrally taved
Million* of dolUr* for burse o*wrv
It !■ the one remedy Out ran alwa?»1* >lrj*mM
Upon to ati-uliileljr ctirt Spavla, King-tune, Curb,
Splint. Swcllinp ami Uinetiewi.
Saw bliaten, mn or lunu tat balr whit*.
Aa pt»"l for tiia ii ai fur beaiL
Keep Kcntjull'i alwajn handy. II. a bottle—
• for IS. v-htn yon buy at your tleaJer'a, (i t ropy
of our boolc "A Treatiw Uu Tb* Uurw"—it'i fret
... . HEXPECK: "You're kinder to
jjJL   dumb animals than you are to
llenpeck: ''Well, you try being dumb
aud you'll see how kind I'll be.
A NO now, ladies/1 concluded the lecturer oil  woman's rights to her
downtrodden sisters, "I am ready
to answer any questions."
11 Would you 'mind telling us." veni
lured ono fair auditor, "where you got
tlu't perfect dream of a hat?"
I).\KI>OX  me,"  said  the lady  on a
marketing   expedition,   "but   are
these eggs fresh laid?"
('Absolutely,   madam,"   replied   the
grocer, promptly, "The  fanner  I. purchased those eggs from won't allow his
liens to lay them any other way."
WILLIE: ".Sav, pa, what is a hype
I'a: "A hypocrite, my sou,
is a mail who publicly thanks Providence for his success, then gets mad
every timo anybody insinuates that ho
isn't mainly responsible for it him
ANYWAY," snapped Mrs. Naggnb}-,
who was (jetting the short end of
I lie  argument.  "ray  judgment
better tlmu yours.''
'■I "in sure it is. my dear," replied
Naggsby, calmly. "Our choice of lif
companions supplies all the proof you
need to hack up that assertion."
A FRENCHMAN   attended   a  Burns
celebration.    At the end of the
jollillcatioQ  a  friend asked  him
if   lie  had  enjoyed   himself.  "Why,"
said he. with the characteristic French
shrug   and   upturned   hands,   "it   vra
niagniliccnt.     The   haggis   was   good
tho whisky was very good, the singing
was good, but who was Mr. Anld Laii;
sync'    Was he u Scottish chief?"
* » «
rTUlK aeroplane, making a twelve-hour
X journey from London to Hong-
Kong/ hud got Into difficulties
among the stars. Something apparently
wus wrong with the engine, for the customary comet-like speed of the airship
had suddenly considerably slackened.
"Good heavens!" cried the skipper.
"We shall be half a second lute! What
makes her go so slow?"
• 'Why, sir," replied the engineer,
" we're'passin ' through the Milky Way,
an' the propeller's full o' butter!"
HK   was   unaccustomed    to   public
speaking, and  consulted an ora
toricul friend as to how he should
proceed in proposing the toast of n dii
tihguished  lady   visitor  at  a  function
for which lie had been commandeered,
'Oh, be cpiite brief," said his friend.
"You might mention her being a model
of all the virtues aud that sort of
thing) but the less you say the better."
And this is what he said: "Gentlemen, I propose to you the toast of our
guest; vou know they say she's a model
of all the virtues, but the less we say
about that the better! "
ru i.
IB. I. J. IENDUL C*.. Ennbirg Fall,, VI.
AT the Old Hoard banquet at Del
monieo's a guost told an instructive   story   about   summer   vacations. •' I said iu II man li tlicr dav"
he began, "•Well, are yon going to
send yiuir wife to ;he seashore again
this summer?1 'No. sir; I'm not.' said
he, •! can't afford it.' 'Hut. your wife's
no economical,1 I objected. 'You told
me Hint she spent very little at the
shore last year.' 'Yes. I know,' said
he; 'hill, home alone. 1 spend over a
hundred a week.' "
fe -PILLS /'
WHEN  Kitchener nnd tleneral Bo
tha,   the    Boer   eominandcr-in-
chief, were discussing terms of
pence   there   were   several   fruitless   interviews   before   a   working   basis  was
agreed  upon.    Al   til 1  of  one  of
these discussions Botha got up and re
marked, "Well, I'm afraid I really
must   be   nil."   "There's   no   hurry,"
Kin-lii r answered   pleasantly.  "You
haven't a train to catch, you know."
"But that's just what I have." was
Botha's reply.   NmI morning the chief
of staff reported a si issful Boer raid
on n British armored train on the Dela-
gou line, only a few miles oil. Bui ha had
cnuglll  that'train!
'PHE benevolent-looking old gentle
X man stopped at the sight of the
two similar looking infants in a
"pram" 111 the park, and said in a
pleasant voice to Ihe girl in attend! e:
"All! Twins?"
"Yes, sir," replied the girl; "both
boj s.''
••So.'" said the old gentleman. " How
do vou tell them apart? Which is
"This nue," said the nurse pointing,
•is this, and Hint one is thai."
"Dear  ." said the old gentlomnn,
••how very interesting! But." he added indicating Hie second one, "might
not  this one be this also?"
"It might." said the girl after a
short pause; "then, of course, that one
could be that,"
DIXON   fell   ill       night,  and   Ihe
doctor told him to take pills. He
WOlll lo bed. and left the pills on
the bureau; forgol to lake them. He
awoke in Ihe middle of II iglil and
. felt awfiillv queer; il  he thought of
j the pills. ' It was very dark and he
couldn't   lind II  match, BO he  went   feel
I ing  round.     He   found   them,  and   took
| 'I  i  swallow.
Sackett Plaster Board
The Empire Brands of Wall Plaster
The Manitoba Gypsum Co., Limited
When he awoke next morning he happened to look on the bureau, and, in
Stead of taking the pills, be had swallowed tonr eoliar buttons. He was
afraid to move for fear he'd get the
cholera, He weut to the duetor ami
told him about it; and he said:
"Oh, that's all right; you go borne
ami   swallow   some   buttou-holes   and
yank them up again."
•>    *    »
TllKV hnd'Miffed" a little, ami were
listening to the band in tho park
without, for the time being, paying much attention to eaeh other, she
and her esoort.
Presently a much engrossed couple
passed and tuok a seat near by.
Thinking lo tease her, ami indicating
the lady witu it glance, "What a perfect profile," whispered be. "Beautifu"
delicate little upturned nose, smal
mouth, deep, pretty eyes. Don't you
think  her beautiful?1'
"Fairly," returned she, seeing his
drift, ami determining to outdo linn,
"but not half so much so as the man
she is with. Isn't he the handsomest
chap you ever saw? Look at his color,
his moustache, his wavy luxuriant hnir.
So many men are bald nowadays, or going bald, I do love to see a man with
a really fine head of hair,"
"Vou know," he rejoined, reproachfully, " it always makes me sore to
speak of people getting bald, and you
know  why.
"Will you cut out Ihe pretty profile.
if I withdraw the bald bead?" she
•' Yes," said he.
" All right," said she.
Ami they made a fresh start,
TWO ladies, strangers to each other,
simultaneously boarded a Pulton
Street trolley ear. Presently one
of them signaled the conductor that she
desired to alight at Hovt Street. The
other wished to alight at Clinton Street.
• • Ladies," quoth the knight of the
strap, fresh from the Emerald Isle, "be
jnbers yez come on together an* be-
gorra yez'll lave together,"
MODEST MOGGS was returning to
the clubhouse when Wilson met
him. "Well, how did you get un
today.'" queried Wilson. "I never sow
better golf," said Moggs, "My opponent got away every drive, he hit
every brasses' clean, he approached up
to the hole' perfectly, and he nevor
missed a putt." "Mow much were you
beaten by.'" "Beaton! 1 wasn't beaten.    I won!"
With the Horses
IT is the opinion of Gilbert Thomp
kins, agent for the Hostou Work
Horse Association, that the motor
wagon will never completely take the
place of the work horse. This state
inent is sent out by the Boston Association following a thorough investigation
by Agent Thompkius, who gathered his
information in New York and other
large cities, as well as in Boston. Many-
dealers in commercial cars aud automobiles were interviewed and particular
attention was given to finding out the
real feeling of those who were using
such ears or bad already tried them.
The conclusion reached is that the
motor cannot compete with the horse
iu the short haul delivery work and
trucking of the city; but in the longdistance service of suburban ami put-
lying delivery the machines are mme
efficient and economical than horses can
ever be.
One thine is dear, and that is that
the increased use of motors is not going to benefit the horse that most needs
to be benefited. Only rich concerns can
afford to substitute motors for louses,
and such concerns usually treat their
horses well. The over-worked, underfed horse will still be with us. come
what may, and work horse parade and
humane societies should not relax their
efforts in bis behalf. Many horses are
working today that should not be allowed to put in harness; but the supply of
even fairly usable second-hand horses
is far below the demand, and prices for
all kinds of horses are very high.
Under normal business cornlil ions,
then* seems to be no possibility for
years to come of the supply of horses
pinUing the legitimate demand. Owing to the capital required and to other
luscs   mentioned   in   this   report,  the
immercial cars cannot begin to displace enough horses to allow for the
natural Increase in their use. The demand for farm products alone will keep
countless horses iu the country that
would otherwise be available for the
low priced delivery and peddling out-
tits of the cities ami towns.
The extermination of the horse in
business use has been prophesied at intervals >im-e the first, railroad.   M seem-
I reasonably near when cable roads
and trolley fines began displacing the
it root cur horses. At that period, one
blow after another seemed to fall ou
the horse's chances for continued use
fulness. The boom iu trotting stock in
the 'eighties was followed by an inevitable overproduction, ou top of which
came tl"' panic id' '93, Then the bicycle
fad was added to these other causes of
lowered prices, of which one of the
most  far reaching was the utter lack of
iv demand for horses for agricultural
,e. for farm produce was then selling
below any reasonable cost of production. In those days horses really were a
Irug on the market.
Hut as tne country began to prosper
ignin values slowly crept up, iu spite of
•able cars, trolleys', bicycles, the shadow
if the automobile and the threat of
the commercial car. And even with the
increasing numbers shown by the Gov-
irnmoul reports, horses of all usable
s.ades aie higher in price today and
harder to get than ever before.
Out at Palatine, 111., where Charley
Dean i-- putting Ids usual -mall army
of trotters ami pacers through the
spring curriculum, no horse is attracting more attention among the visitors
than The Itroucbo, 2,00%, the queen of
pacing mares. Literally, she looks good
enough to eat -and she i* taking her
work, thus far, in the most flattering
fashion, appearing to bo ns Bound as if
Relieved Br Murtnefti Remedy,    fi?
"--•--   "--  "       -—  Trouble*     Tt«
Murine  For Tour Uti
Will   Like   Murine,    ft
.. Booth*. Wo Al
Your Drugilsta, Writ* For Br* Book*
Fr*M.   MurToa Er« Ii*un*dy Co.. Toronto.
she had never experienced the lameness
that bus now kept her off the turf for
three successive years.
It will be remembered that it wus iu
September, 1P0G, shortly after she had
lowered the uupaced record for mares
to 2.00%, i"'d the world's record for
three heats iu a race bv a harness horse
to 2.03, 2.03'4, and 2.02*4, that she
broke down; this occurrence taking
place at La Salle, 111., where she had
been shipped for the purpose of attack
ing the world's record over a half-mile
track. The event came very unexpectedly, and never since that unlucky day
has she been aide to face the starter.
lu a short time afterward she was,
to all intents and purposes, sound once
more, but in the spring of 1007 she turned up lame before her stroug work had
opened, so she was bred to the pacing
Btalllnn Willie Benton, 2.IMP,' ami retired.
In 100S she fouled a tine bay colt by
that sire, and, appearing sound, was put
at work iu the full nnd given considerable training, which she seemed to take
very nicely.
While sue was brought down as far
iu her work as u mile in 2.05. and in
brushes could show all her old time
speed, al the same time she also, while
she did not show a recnrreime of her
former lameness, began to act "crimpy" that it was thought best to go no
further with her, but give her one more
winter's rest nnd thou try her for the
last liual time this year.
It now looks as if the wonderful little
Illinois-bred living machine might
eventually tnuke good, too, I ton 11 's
hopes for her are higher than they have
been at any time since she went wrong.
and he is now bending his energies to
getting her ready to ship to Winnipeg
for the lug meeting there early in duly.
The mare has beeu owned for three
years past by a eiti/.en of the Western
Canada metropolis, 1-1. J. Rocuou, but in
all that time has never been out of
Bean's hands or across the border, Mr.
Koehon is now anxious for her appearance in what is her home town—although she has never seen it—and arrangements have been mude for her
appearance at the Exhibition on Citizens' Bay—not in a race, but an exhibition mile, to lower her own, the track
and the world's mile over a half-mile
track/ Thus it will be seen that The
Brotich comes bach in th" racing game
just where she loft it, as it was prior tn
this very test that she lirst went lame.
It wus ut Cleveland, iu August, 1906,
that The Broncho paced her three con-
BOCtltivo heats in 2.03, 2.o;t'i and 2.03%,
lowering a world's record which Star
I'oiuter had held for a decade. In the
three season's which have since passed
the little mare's achievement has never
en surpassed.
After her appearance iu Winnipeg,
.Inly IP, The Broncho will be returned
to Dean's stable and prepared to race
iu the Great Western Circuit later on.
ERNEST    CAWCROFT,    writing  in
the Book-Keeper, of Detroit, for
June,    discusses    the    industrial
future of Canada,    in the course of his
article—the leading article of the nt'.g-
a/.iue, by the way—he says:
"The" industrial   present,  of   the   Bo-
minion nf Canada is a fact: its industrial   future  is assured.    Canada   has n
larger area than the Qniteil States; and
as the  population  and  development  of
Canada are now somewhat  parallel to I
the growth of the United States mi the
day:? when Alexander Hamilton and hi* I
ir mediate success* rs weto founding thel
fiscal   system   which   has  triumphed   in I
the Federalism of Boosevelt and Tnft,
it is interesting to contemplate, both in j
its economic aspects und as a study ir. I
historical evolution,  the   industrial  fu- j
tore of the  Nation  of the  North.    To-1
day Kngland aud Germany are fighting
for,the same markets;  and  in  view of
the fact that the period is approaching
when  Canada   will   be  a   competitor of
the United States in the West Indies
and    Soulh    America,   the    prospective
growth of Canadian   Industrialism  is a
pertinent subject  for consideration,
"Jefferson foresaw the United Stales
as a vast agrlculatural empire, but did
not allow for the marvels worked by
the inventor. Stephenson sounded the
death knell of the Jefferson agricultural
empire mid paved the way for the Bain-
Utonian system of protected manufacturing cities when he invented the
steam engine. Why is that an evident
fact? Bemusfl the modern railroad is
too costly au investment, aud too expensive iroin au operative standpoint,
out to enjoy the necessity of what is
known iu railway circles as the "return
haul." In other words, no railroad
can afford to carry agricultural products
from the farms to the cities. If it did,
the expense of moving the freight cars
both ways would be absorbed from the
farm products. Thus the necessity of u
"return hnnl" forces the development
of Industrial cities. This is what occurred in the United. States between 18110
and IS70; this is just what is destined
to occur in Canada between the present
day and the middle of the Twentieth
11I1K Japanese police have an easivi
time than their confreres in Europe, Crime in the land of the
chrysanthemum is almost limited to
theft and tragedies, or serious eases of
bodily harm resulting from street
brawls. It is next to Impossible, the
chief of the Tokio police says, for a
murder to be committed without someone hearing of it at the moment. This
is due lo the fact that the house-* are
composed of paper and bamboo, so any
noise in a house occasioned by robbal'fl
or assnsins would not fail to attract the
attention of neighbors.
Jmmw   lit-UHsHi   Will    l>ll   ¥•«
Murine K>« Itemed) Kellrven Sore Ev«,
Btr«ngth«ns Weak Rye*, fioi'sn't Smart,
Soothei Eye Fain, and Sells for &0e. Try
Murine In Tour Eyes and In Baby'e
Byea (or Scaly Byelfdn and (<ranulailoa.
VARICOSE VEINS, Varlcosltlei.eto
promptly telltted and ewnbuuMy oared by;
A mild, itfe, Mituwtilie mumem.   Ukei oM 1	
*IU¥» nam. Mmii ImmmrM. Mi. Lake Kerfttianfb,
UT Brtdm »t« «. Spriniifletd, Al&e*., tuflfred 30 yeart
with enfant knotted Teini; hie doctor adfUed Hofc
luiitr work ana going to bed. Initead uf doing to he need
AllBOBBlNE, JK,.ind in 8 monthe' time the eore-
nrii ami iwelUnii hail ell dlieppeared and tie wm entirely I'ured. Heraovei (loltr*. Went, Tutnott, Cyitt
ami tatty tmnchei. CiireaetraliieeiidtpreJnt. Sl.OMofc,
tiaM2oz.bo!tleetdragiilit«ordeltTereit. Hook«KFree.
W, F. YOUNG, P. D. F., 210Tempts St., Springfield, Mile,
I.VMANS, l.t.l.. Munlrrnl, faMrtlan Affatt.
il... f,,rnl.h«l b) MAKTIN  Wll.F. * «VM»K IU, Wl«ll|*rf|
■•Tit ltd llEMJKItMM liBIIB, IO.. Lid.. VaiMMW.
Veteran Scrip
Farm Loans
We will accept a first mortgage on
Improved farm land and soil you
Veteruu Scrip in this way at regular cash price. Write today for
loan application.
Dr.Martel's Female Pills
PrtfeertlHHl end recommnidrd for women'* ell.
mente, a •clentinVelfy prepared remedy of proven
•nrth. The reeult from their tiee fs quick awt
permanent.   For eele at all drutr etorce.
CANADA   CYCLE   &   MOTOR   00,
144 Princess St., Winnipeg
VOL. 1
No. 30
A Case of Blind Faith
Kormor Prosldoiil Potion*, of Prlncoton University,
until on " Faith.'
I' hi rni i    i  luniui'iii    i ii 11un,   in    i  i i ii' '■ i mi    i   nt i i-inu-j ,    •■   urin n ru   ii   bui mull   uu        ■ "" '■•
ll>> spulto ••! tin' Mind liiitli of ilie client who puts himself ut the mercy of » lawyer in preparing nn action for trlol, nnd the confidence of the sick in entrusting thotnsolves to the physician.
"A ease of blind f'nith," said the clergyman, "The doctor writes out n proscription,
Of toner than not von mn not rend it,; you don't know what ii is, lie fells you to take it.
'Yours nol to reason why, yours but fo do and die,' "
And he didn't realize why fhe congregation smiled.
Are yon in the position of thnt hypothetical patient?
Do you saunter Into the store and casually ash for a cigar, without specifying any par-
tlcnlnr broTidi
|)<i yon let the salesman make your choice for you, and smoke it blindly, indifferently;
satisfied so long as it keeps alight?
If you do, then yours is u ease of blind faith—"yours but to do, and die."
Why imt brace up and take an interest in your smoking, just as you do in your business?
KxHinine Ihe cigars for yourself, test the different varieties. Smoke one or two of each
and compare them carefully.
By the time you have eomo to a decision as to which is the best, you will have begun
to enjoy your smoking.    It will no longer be simply u matter of course, an act. of routine.
Vou will sit up and take notice when yon are about to buy a cigar. You will smoke it
carefully, through to the end, and your concluding whiff will give you as great satisfaction as
the first'.
Why are we so sure as to the results? Because
It will be the BUCK-EYE you will be smoking,
of course I THE ISLAND*!?, CUMBERLAND. I if
Death Struggle at Gravelotte
(From the narrative of Driver Jos. Maus, late German Field Artillery)
A month after France hod declared
wiir on Prussia, throe of the most terrible battles of modorn times hod beeu
fought. These were decided near Met/ I
—Courcelles on August 14th, 1870s'1
Mars la-Tours ou the Hith, und Grave
lotto on the IStli. lu each contest the
French were defeated. The King of
Prussia personally commanded at Gravo-
dott*. where thu fighting lasted twelve
hours, Nearly halt a million men were
on the field, dud the losses were unparalleled iu modern history. The French
euBnalities  numbered  20,000,  and  the
'German 86.000, The fiercest of tho lighting took place ou the wooded slopes of
■ Gravelotte, and it was there thnt the
survivor who tells this story served
with the 4th Battery, 8th Brigade, 18th
Army Corps.
VKHV soot) after marching from Col
ogne with my battery I took part
in a battle which wus considered
one of thu most desperate nnd deadly of
modern tiuiCB. That wus the bat.tle of
Worth, fought on August (Itn. Only
a few uaja earlier the French had sworn
that they would soon be iu Berlin; yet
now, in spite of the most wonderful valour on their part, thoy had beeu defeated and thousands were slain, while
thousands more were prisoners in our
Some, indeed, were going to Berlin,
but how differently from the glorious
march of triumph of which they had
spoken! When, after the long hours of
battle on the field of Worth, nearly
twenty thousand men or both sides hud
beeu lost as fighters, I thought there
could bo no more tremendous conflict
than that; yet within a fortnight I
shared iu Mi'ut deadly fight on Grave-
lotto's slopes, which ended in such stu
petitions losses that the whole world was
appalled  and  stricken  to the  heart.
The tiny, unknown village of Waterloo gives the name to England's most
famous modern bottle on land; and
little hamlets have become Immortalized
because from their names are kaowa
three of the fiercest struggles of the
Franco-German War—Courcelles, Vionville, and Gravelotte, all near Metz, a
fortified city iu Lorraine, which was
hetd by Marshal Huzaiuc und au immense army. That army was hemmed
in by the triumphant troops of Prussia.
Germany, like Engluud, has her Balaclava. Your own immortal Six Hundred charged the Russian cavalry and
artillery; five thousand of the flower of
my country's horsemen1 hurled themselves, at Vionville, upon artillery aud
infantry. With you it was only the
Light Brigade that swept into the Valley of Death, with us it was both light
and heavy cavalry who cut down the
gunners und the infantry of France.
Our cavalry silenced the guns which
had beeu slaughtering our infantry.
They swept post the batteries into an
Open space; then the French infantry
riddled them with bullets, und the
Freni'h cavalry swooped on the survivors of the charge. Does not history
tell that when the King, with heavy
heart, visited the battlefield the day
after the fight, he knew that the white
road which led to the enemy's position
was composed of the fallen bodies of his
gallant cuirassiers 1 Five thousand Pru-
sian cavalry had hurled themselves upon
a French army corps six times their
Oruverotte succeeded the furious
battle of Vionville, where each side had
lost sixteen thousand men iu bottle.
Neither side hod any real proof of
victory at Vionville, but all that was
changed ou the wooded slopes, where
with ray battery, I fought on the ever-
famous August 18th.
In the early morning—4 o'clock it
was—we were roused by the trumpets
and bugles. Who was there amongst us
who did not ask himself the question;
"Will you awake tomorrow?" There
was one other question, too, ami tlmt
was '/Have you got anything to
drink?" They put that to me, because
I know the French luuguoge, having
lived two years in Paris, and L answered that 1 had; so the men of my battery drank some wine before the battle
began, ami they fought no worse for it.
The drink warmed them up and gave
thom courage, and when the effect of it
hod worn off—well, they had then tho
courage of battle itself.' All soldiers
when they are iu the thick of o fight
for life aud deatli, and know they must
continue to tho bitter end, oro brave,
even if it is only the valor of despair.
As for me, I almost ceased to feel or
think; I was only a bit of a vast killing-
machine, aud played my little part mechanically.
I often think that you English people
form a wrong opinion of the German
soldier and his conduct in tho Franco-
Germun war. We went not because of
our love of war, but because of our love
of the Fatherland and our duty to the
Kaiser, nnd it was not every German
who, even on that morning of Gravelotte, when most of us had become used
to war and its horrors, had the right
battle spirit within him. There was
amongst us a gunner from Cologne who,
before the buttle begun, burst into tears
and spoke of his wife and children he
had left behind him on tho other side
of the frontier, and whom ho believed
he would never seo again.
Our capt&in saw the man, nnd, turning to us nil, ho said: "My children,
it is no ffooa crying. We must bo brave
and fight like good soldiers, cheered
by the knowledge that the harder we
fight the surer we nre of Victory, and I
that the sooner we win tho sooner we
shall be homo again." That heartened us enormously, nnd we nil laughed
at the gunner so much that he stopped
crying and wns soon adding to the
thunder of tho battle.
On those dreadful heights overlooking tho fertile country which, when
night came, was soaked with blood, .1
served with my,battery throughout the
day. It was flnsh nnd roar from morning till night, and officers ond men
censed to be human beings ond simply
became fighting machines, and man-
slayers, We were out to kill nnd crush,
for after oil, is it not the business of
bottle to destroy your enemy?
The scene of the fight itself was very
wide. Tho country is beautiful, consisting of hill and vale and stroam. In
the morning when the fight began, the
whole of the vast landscape seemed to
heave, for there were upon its surface
not merely tens of thousands, but hundreds of thousands of men, horse and
foot, cavalry, infautry, and artillery.
There were helmets, shokoes, caps, bearskins—oil sorts of head-dresses distinguishing the various regiments of the
two immense armies. There were fields
upon fields of bayonets, and everywhere t saw the flash of steel, and the
dull gleam also of the guns which the
artillery horses were dragging hither
and thither. It was too terrible for
words of mine to picture with reality.
I am talking of forty years ago, for
so long it is since I left Cologne and
marched to Gravelotte,
Time has softened tho horrors of the
war, and sometimes I almost think that
that dreadful day is one of which I
hove dreamt aud huve not really known.
Hut as 1 talk I can see it all again—oil
that far reaching plain of moving men
and horses and gleaming steel, aad 1
can hear, rising, on the uir, the fierce
shouts and dreadful groans of the gallant legions as they fought, the everlasting rattle of the muskets, the roar
of the artillery. 1 saw the tremendous
struggle for mastery botween two of
the greatest nations of the world. Already the aggressor was realizing what
a terrible mist like he had made, and
that Prussia was advancing steadily and
thud and a loud groau, and the next
I saw was that the gunner was still
standing by the breech; but his bauds
were no longer ou the metal. A French
shot hud turn them both away.
The giant wus removed to the rear,
ami the surgeons managed to save his
life. He went buck to Gormnny, aud
the King gave him a special pension
ami commanded that he should always
huve a servant to wait upon him. Many
times afterwords I saw him lightiug u
cigar with an artificial hand, und I com*
fiared his appearance then with his
ooks when lie was my comrade ou the
Wooded slopes of Gravelotte.
Emm the early morning of that August day we were ut the guns, firing
nil the time, but not always iu the
same place, because an order would sud
denly come for us to change our ground
a little, to pour more shell into tho
masses of the French, I do not know
how often we limbered up und galloped
to u fresh position, nor how many shells
we fired at the enemy, and I cannot
tell, nor can anyone, how many of the
French were killed and maimed by my
battery, ft must have been a very
large number, for even one shell bursting amongst a crowd of human beings
will cause havoc that is too dreadful to
It seemed amazing that guns could be
fired so hard and so long, and that
ammunition  could be  found   for their
?rcedv nppetites. Vet they had to be
ed, and somehow the ammunition was
found, and not only for my own battery,
but also for others, because In the thick
battle-sniokc men from other batteries,
block, pouting, and sweating with their
work, would rush up for shot and shell,
so that they could help to give death his
dreadful harvest.    They had  already
hard to distinguish friends from foes,
and nt night it was impossible to do so.
A v'ery inferno of fire was raging when
at ten ocloek the cannonading stopped,
except for the little solated fights.
Villages which, in the early morning
hod looked sweet and peaceful were
now devastated and burning, and by the
lurid flames my battery marched down
Gravelotte's wooded slopes and over
the blood-sodden fields ond roads. In
that awful darkness the weary horses
dashed their iron-shod hoofs against the
mangled forms of the dead, and the
heavy wheels of the limbers and gnu-
wagons followed close upon the iron-
shod hoofs. There wns no help for it
because the artillery had to drive
straight across the fields which were
thick with tho fallen French and' Germans who had fought so furiously
against each other. Ou every side there
rose the pitiful cries of the wounded
for help or mercy, but we could pause
for neither.
Such is war—woe to the vanquished!
and it was woe indeed on tho dreadful
night which followed that day ot
appalling carnage.
Think of it I between us we hud lost,
about 4o.000 officers and men, ami two
(jays before the loss had beeu equally
heuvy. The very earth seemed silenced
with fhe weight Of the sorrow that her
sous had brought upon her. As 1 rotie
across those Ileitis of death I had no
feeling for anyone but myself, l was
utterly worn out with the continuous
fighting, ami had become indifferent to
death and suffering.
The very immensity of the horror
numbed you so much that you almost
ceased to'feel or think. Nature adjusts
herself to circumstances, and the vast
ness of the tragedy, the enormity of tin
remorselessly to the .triumphant stage
which mode har the military mistress
of  Kurope,
Every ride that was fired—and there
were hundreds of thousands of them—
every gun that was discharged—and
even they wore numbered by tho thou
sand—tent its wreath of powder smoke
into the air. it was dreadful to sec
the clearness of the atmosphere give
plaeo lo uu air as dense as a thick fog,
tor those were the days when powdc*
made n thick nnd choking smoke.
All through the day our guns roared
and sent their deadly shells towards
the masses of the French, sometimes
tearing up the ground a nil doing no
more mischief than that, but at other
times killing and maiming little crowds
of soldiers. Comrades who were working near me were falling dead and
wounded, but my own battery was fortunate and did not suffer ho heavily
from the firing of the French artillery.
Of the casualties wo sustained, I remember most vividly that of a gunner
who was just on the point of being promoted to tho rank of corporal, lie was
a man of giant stature, famous in the
buttery for his skill am) strength and
manly beauty. It wns his duty to train
the gun, to point it towards ihe onomy
where it would do most execution. In
England, I think, you would call him
a bombardier, and ho would have a
stripe to show his rank, but in the Gorman army, buttons on the collar served
the same purpose. My comrade had
placed both his hands upon the gun,
touching It as tenderly as if ho -vm-o
handling some creature of life which
could do his bidding and understand his
I was very near tho gunner, watching
him. There he was, with his mugnifi-
cent figure bonding along its dull steel
length, and his groat strong hands resting lightly on the brooch. T how all that
for one moment,   Then thore was o dull
used up nil their own ammunition.
You ask tne what I had to cut and
drink during that long battle. I answer, just what t could snatch. There
wns not much thought of food; your
only wish is to get the fight over.'nnd
then you ure thankful to throw yourself down like a weary animal and
sleep where you fall. Food and drink
were common properly, and the highest
in the army were glad to take a drink
from a humble privato's wnterbottle
and shure a crust with him from his
knapsack, Does not every German soldier know that General von Nartmuiin.
who fought at Waterloo, fought also nt
Worth, when he was iu his seventy sixth
year, that, he was on horsebnek for
seventeen hours, and that during nil
that lime he hud nothing to eat except
n piece of block bread from n private
soldier's knapsack? In every battle
of the war, officers and privates of the
German army shared and shared alike,
from the King to on unknown driver
like myself.
Oilier little incidents come back to
my memory as I talk—one of the 14th,
when, during the fiercest part of the
fight, a man was seen smoking a cigar
as unconcernedly ns if ho stood on the
parade-ground and not on a terrible and
fatal field. General von Benthcim saw
him find dashed up to the soldier. "Give
mo a light," ho said, and having got
one ho lit o cigar of his own. Then with
it in his mouth and his sword in his
hand he rode again into the tumult of
the luitfle and led his troops to victory.
The furious fight went on throughout tho summer day, until night came.
Kntire battalions were destroyed, whole
batteries perished: there was not a
building which was not in ruins or
ablaze, and not a field or rond which
was not swept by shell ond bullet. The
battlefield became a shambles, and the
very earth shook with tho tremendous
struggle.    Even in tho daytime it was
Buffering, made one callous to the pity
of it, and especially ono who, like myself, was o mere soldier, whose only
duty it wns to obey—to march ou. 1
had SOOII tin- country-side heaving with
life, fields looking ns if Uiey were moving masses, because of the tens of thousands of soldiers who were on them;
now 1 saw those same fields quiet again,
but covered with the dead and dying
and the wreck of war. Before the twn
armies mot there hud been the perfect
peace uud stillnecc of the country, now
the very air was torn with the cries and
groans of the  wounded,
The night mercifully hid some nf the
more dreadful sights which day revealed, Here wns a company of French infantry—men still leaning over a breastwork' and even yet pointing chnssepots
at the Germans! Yes, pointing still,
and looking just as they did during the
battle; but they were all dead, shot by
our own sharpshooters.
Great numbers of the French that day
were slain by bullets through the brain,
as they popped up for an instant from
their rifle-pits nnd behind their earthworks to get. a bullet into the ranks of
Germany. Tn one pit alone, ou Grave
lotte's dreadful field, nearly eight hundred riflemen of Franco were lying
dead. They had suffered terribly, yet
(lie chaSSepot was a more modern weapon, nnd had a longer range, than Ihe
needle-gun, with which the Prussian Infantry were nrmed. The French, too,
knew the country well, und could hide,
;is thoy did, in swnrms in the woods and
hedges and every place where they
could find shelter.
For days the sick und wounded wore
sent away from tho neighborhood which ,
had renped such o harvest of death..
Every building was full of prisoners or,
wounded. In ono church alone two ;
thousand French soldiers and a hundred I
officers were shut up until guards could |
be found tu tuke charge of iliem. Day
after day train-loads of wounded were
dispatched, thousands of Germans going buck to the Fatherland for which
they bad fought, so nobly, and of which
they had proved such worthy sons. Vou
think a train is laden heavily if it has
five hundred passengers, yet I sow
trains, composed of trucks with hammocks iu them, go away bearing us
many its a thousuud wounded soldiers.
Lucky, indeed, were the men who
were killed outright, or whose wounds
were so severe that they brought a
speedy end, for so vast wus the number
of the maimed during fhe three days'
fighting thnt not even tin- immense resources of the medical staff could deal
with them, and the wounded had to be
left where they had fallen or crawled.
On the Itlth, men were collected and
placed In churches, houses, buildings of
any sort, aud in the open air, aad many
of'them hod to remain unattended for
three whole days nnd nights until Grave
lotte was fought and won. Only then
could the exhausted surgeons see to
those who were still living,
I saw other things besides the gruesome sights ut Gravelotte, more than 1
can remember now, but 1 recollect that
we bad to destroy many of the people
who took up arms against ns.
There was a miller grinding his corn.
He was on tho tcf> of his mill, We were
marching past, and ho shot at us. It
wns reported to the King, who taid that
not one stone of the village should remain upon another, The miller was a
brave man, u patriot, n frenchman
lighting for his country against hopeless
odds. He shot and he fought -but he
wus caught under tho roof of his mill.
A rope was put round his nek 'Mid be
was linnged nenr the wall of hi* mill
just to show tho people what war meant.
I saw him hanged—uud 1 saw three
shots flretl at him and throe bayonetf
plunged into his body. Horrible,* Yes
—but war is war} aud many a German
Soldier who wns fighting only because
he was ordered to do so, was killed by
Some such ninn as the miller,
Thore were many other cases like the*
miller's—many, many others; but it Is
one of the rules of war that people
found bearing arras shall be treated as
enemies. And why not? Are not they
just us much our foes as are soldiehi in
the field? Sometimes the innocent suffered as well as the guilty. There wus
at Gravelotte a peasant who was cup
tared by the Uhlans nnd told to guid_
the Germans to u place they wished to
reach. He refused—and ran away; but
before he had gone many paces he fell
dead to the ground, for a bullet hud
killed him.
That is terrible—but again it is war,
1 know that much has been said und
written of the brutality of the Germans
iu the war, but I do not think that we
were more brutal and cruel thou our
foes. Who shall tell of some of the
things that were done by many of their
soldiers, especially the Ture'os, those
half-savage fighters who ought never to
have been allowed to enter into battle
side by side with the troops of a great
uud enlightened nation? Often enough
the unturned and ferocious Zouave
would destroy, the frieudly soul that
wished to .help him on the battlefield.
And tho hosts of dead! Thoy were
buried only for the moment. There wus
not enough earth to put over them.
When they were taken Up again offer
the battle nnd buried properly it wus
the French who did the work. At one
place, after the war, I wanted a drink
of water and I went to the local mayor,
lie said: "Vou hud better come into my
garden."   t went with him.
"You have some grnud com," t said.
It was as high as this ceiling.
The mayor looked strangely at me.
"You know what is underneath ?" he
"Xo," I told him, for 1 did not really
"Fifty soldiers have been buried under that corn," he answered. "They
came from Sedan, and if you will come
with me 1 will show you where a hundred were buried in one grave."
So it was—in tho war the soldiers
were buried in their clothes, one ou top
of another. Of course, with on of.icer.
ome sort of ceremony was observed,
for they would put up a stick and a bit
of paper with the nnme written on.
After a battle all ranks were put away
in the same fashion; aud when the war
was over they were token up and laid
to rest in eemetorics. How ninny of
those who fought so furiously against
each other on the battlefield are sleeping side by side in peace!
The King, Moltke, Bismarck—all
these and many more have gone. -Forty
years have passed since we fought thai
ireadful light at Gravelotte, which, in
i few weeks, was followed by the fall of
Met/., with the surrender of Marsluil
Bazaino with more thuii 6,000 officers
and 17ii,i)i)0 men; 100 guns, and over
fifty eagles.
It was stupendous, unexampled; yet
it wns better thou Gruvelotfe, for that
was no! only a battle—it was butchery.
By George .lean Nathan
OX the afternoon of duly 10th of last
year, in the second'inning of a
baseball game between the nines
representing Cleveland and Boston,
played on the grounds nf the former
team. Wagner, the first batter for the
visiting team, reached first base on an
error. Stnhl, the second batsman, hunt
ed safely, udvaiicing Wanner to second
base. The next player "up" wns Mc
Council. With two sfrikes and three
balls listed against him and with the
twenty thousand spectators tingling
with excitement, the Boston captain
gave the "hit und run" signal. Thu
next ball pitcned was met by McCon-
nell's bal with tremendous force aud
was driven over second base in a manner
that boded ill for the home team. Neal
Hall, of the latfer nine, was playing sec
ond. The moment the leather sphere
left McCounell's but, the former jumped
buck of the base, leaped into the nir,
caught the drive wltli on hand, regained
his feet and touched second base, stepped quickly to one side nnd touched
Stahl with tho ball, and thus made the
most thrilling and spectacular unassisted
triple play chronicled in the annals of
baseball, 'Hall's feat wns the second of
its kind ever recorded iu the history of
major leagues, ihe first, haviug been to
the credit of Haul Uines, of tho Provi
dance, Rhode Island, team, who had pes-
fornied a similar exploit, curiously on-
ough, ■ against a Huston team thirty one
years before.
Each passing season testifies to the
fact thai tlie national game is a sport
full of unexpected thrills. Ihut those
thrills are as common to the amateur us
to the professional contests is to bo appreciated from the record of George
howen, of the Northside Club leant of
Noblesville, Indiana, who, in a game
played last seuson with the Black Diamond nine of the same town, Struck out
twenty four players und allowed only
one hit. Iu professional baseball, on
August L'lst. last year, William Mitchell,
pitching for the Saa Antonio team
against Gal vest on in a Texas league
championship game, established a
world's record by striking out twenty
batsnii.i in a nine inning game. Ju collegiate sport, a record was established
IftSt season iu the game between tho
nines iu the Naval Academy uud the
University of Maryland when Anderson,
of the latter team, struck out twenty
Annapolis players, and Meade, uf the
Naval Academy, succeeded in eliminating fifteen. Here was a total of thirty-
five strike-outs 'in u single game!
In the Tri-St.tte League, on August
t!Mh, Inst year, the Lancaster nine made
thirly two reus and thirty three hits oft
pitchers Stillman and Gray, of Johnstown, iu u regulation game, no player
ou the Lancaster tejun making less than
three hits. One of the most wonderful
feats recorded ill baseball chronicles was
accomplished last , season by Hurry
Kruuse, the youthful left handed pitcher
of the Athletics in the American
League* Kruuse won every one of the
first tea games he pitched upon his
debut iu the league. This included
three victories over the champion Detroit team, which team, incidentally,
succeeded in scoring but one run in the
three contests, lu the ten gomes Krausa
was scored uu only four times, six of tho
games having beeu shut-outs. His first
defeat of the seuson occurred in uu
eleven-inn tug game with S. Louis,       ,
In the game betweeu the Boston National League team uud the Roanoke,
Virginia, nine Just year, Outfielder Bates
or the New England team, brought the
spectators to .their feet by knocking out
two hpme runs in one mniVg—the, ge?;
euth. Tin- most spcnib'ulttr Baffle in the
matter of length ever recordVfl iu. the
minor combines wns played lust season*
between the Decatur uud Bloomingtou
nines En the so called Three! League,
when twenty-six innings were chronicled
—a game almost three times us long as
the game Usually run''. The longest
gnme in the history of the Northwestern
League was played last year between
the Portland and Vancouver teams. It
lusted for twenty-two innings,
One of the most sensational after
noons iu minor league bhsobnll in many
years occurred on August 28, 1909, id
the New Kngland League, when the
Lowell and Haverhill nines met in a
double header. Duval pitched both
gumes for the former team and won
both. Knch team was credited with a
triple ploy. In the first game. Lowell
batted out seventeen hits aud thirteen
runs against two opposing pitchers. This
is the first instance iu baseball chronicles of two triple plays in one afternoon. A week previously to Duval's
noteworthy effort, "Jack" Taylor, the
well-kuown veteran pitcher of the Dayton team of the Central League, pitched
and won a double-header uguiust the
Torre Haute, Indiana, team. Whut was
oven more remarkable, he scored a shutout iu each gome, and in the first game
allowed only two bits. ,
The most, spectacular college achievement for 1909—as well as for several
seasons preceding—was to the credit of
Pitcher McClure, of Amherst. Ho pitched a no-hit game against the Naval
Academy, winning by u score of four to
nothing; held Yule down to one hit, winning by the same score; pitched a no-hit
gome against Williams, winning by a
tally of two to nothing; nnd then pitched another no-hit game against West
Point, winning by a three-to-nothing
score. In the way of thrilling pitching
feats, il is to be chronicled that Samuel
Weeins, of the Macon, Georgia, nine,
last year equalled the world's record
held by "Addic" Joss and "Cy"
Young, in a game with the Mercer team.
Weeins did not give a hit or a base on
balls, and did not hit u butter. He
druck out fourteen men and retired
twenty seven successive batsmen. Another spectacular performance wus that
of Pitcher Browning, of the San Francisco team, who won sixteen successive
victories. He lost the seventeenth game
to Portland by the close score of one to
A record -breaklug day was September
26, 1909, ns for os the Pacific Coast
League was concerned. The first, game
of a double-header was won by the Vernon team against Sacramento iu the fast
time of one hour aad fourteen minutes,
one minute quicker than tho previous
record. The second game was won by
the same team iu the even faster time
of one hour, twelve and one-half minutes; the Sacramento nine being unable
to (jet a hit ntf Pitcher Vance for seven
In the way of a remarkable tolul of
hits made by tennis in u single day, the
record of the last day of the Western
Association is unique, In ihe last gumes
of the season of 1909 in this league,
Pittsburg made thirteen hits to Musk"
goo's oleven; Guthrie, twelve to Spring
Bid's ten; Enid, fifteen to Kl Kemra
ten; and SnpulpA, sixteen against
IT is a matter of common observation
that grass does not grow so well
close to trees ns in tho opou. Tho
same is true of grains, Experiments in
this country and in England have shown
that the deleterious effects upon one another of grass and trees nro mutual, The
trees suffer as well as fhe grass and tho
grain. This is especially true of fruit
trees. The cause is ascribed to the excretion by the trees, on the one. hand,
of substances poisonous to the gross,
and by the grass, on the other hand,
Of substances poisonous to fhe trees. It.
thus appears thai the failure of grnss to
grow well nenr trees should not bo
ascribed to too much shade, nor to the
xhauslion bv fhe tree rools of the food
ceded by tlie grass.
ANEW postage stamp nfflxer has
mode its appeorunce in tho iTuit
ed States. It, is apparently very-
si m pie and certain in operation. By
merely sliding on envelope on to tho
machine nnd turning the handle around,
the corner of tho envelope is moistened;
a stamp is projected, cut off from the
strip,   and   pressed   flrmty   ou   to   tho
Folding Go-Carts $10.50
For Mixed Paints,
Floor Stains,
Wall Paper,
Furniture, etc
Is the place
T.   E.   BATE is
Capital $5,000,000
Reserve $5,700,000
Draft* ls*u*d In any curranoy, payable all oven th* world
highest current rata* allowed on dapodta of $1 and upwards
H. F. Montgomery, Manager
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give us a call.
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We have a Full Stock of Nyal's Remedies, which
are always reliable   ■   -   ■   ■   Ask for Nyal's
The Best and Cheapest Supply of Brushes, Combs
and Toilet Articles    :     :     :     :    Give us a call
Display Advertisements
7H cen< per column incli por month.
Special rae for half page <>r more.
Condensed Advertisements
1 cen, 1 word, 1 issue ; minimum charge 25 cen*.
No aocouns run for his class of adverising,
Mra Joe Hudson of Vancouver, is viait-
iiiK wiili her mother Mra. I'ickard.
Thb Reverend J*me* Lawwin, of >he
Montreal Methodiat Oonfeiencu wa» a
pai-aetg r ou Thursday evuimiR'a train,
lie ia iutrret'ed in our weatern country,
and ia ^alheriug Hitiin for a BointtwIiH.'
extended teeturiiiK tour in ihe Old Ltnd.
The reverend gentleman ia being enter-
tamed al the p raonage, and will occupy
the pulpit iu the Methodiat Church to
iiv rrow.
W. C< lpitta ii building au addition
to hi* atore, which he will tit up aa an
up-to-date'pool room.
Manager Curtia, of the City Hall, hat
received * splendid new auto piano thit>
week for uae in hi* popular *niuaemeut
tveort. Mi** Bewie Murdock ia extract
ing the melody thertfroiu.
F. J. Bum* brought* fine panther, ti
feet 11 iuchera in length into town on Wed-
neaday, tu claim the Governimm bounty
■ f f IB offered for the destruction of theai
heaat*. The panther had dined off one
uf Mr. Hums' calves before falling a vie
tim to that gentleman'b rifle.
There waa no meeting of the City
Council on Monday night, owing to tin-
fact that there waa not a tjuorutn on
hand. Thia ia happening much too regularly of late.
S. C. White Leghorns
402 Pullets laid m-
January• - 7616
February - 7310
March  •  ■ 8606
Aveiano jter bird for !>n days S8.B    Tills record
]ms never lieen beaten on tin- N Ainerieun conli,
nent  These bliilawlll make Rood bieedtnu stork
lor I'.iti. Price S3 uu'li. :i.\v«ihl bfeeders|l.oOeach
lll'NCAN'. B.G. U
\ Dealer in Bicycles and  Gas
Engine Supplies
Kilt/Hull anil American Wlmlsfrom
940 up, al>o Second hand Whtlls.
New boxes will be rented out on Moii
day next from 10 a   m. until o p. m.
F eaent box holders will oblige Pnat-
master by returning old keya.
h. W. Nuhks
Cumberland, B. C.
August 6th,. 1910.
Any person or persons wishing to
cut any fallen timber on City Park
txita 'are at liberty tu cut, and cart
same away for their own use.
Any standing timber must not be
cut or destroyed,
Any person or persons found dumping garbage or refuse on same will be
By order of tlie City Council.
A. McKixnon,
City Clerk.
City Hall, Aug. 19th, 1910.
Third St. & Penrith Avenue
All kinds of hauling done
First-class Rigs for Hire
Livery and team work promptly
attended to
Applications will ba received hy the
undersigned for the position of Teacher
on the Cumberland Public School staff.
Salary $»() per month.
Apply f. Carey,
Secretary School Board.
Iff I
Local Agent tor
The London & Lancashire
Fire Insurance Co.
Get rates before insuring elsewhere
Office: Cumberland
Go to
d. JACK, dr.
For Candy, Fruit, Ice Cream
and Light Luncheons   )3
Notice or Examinations.
NOTICE U hereby given that examination* will be held for 1st, 2nd
and 3rd Claaa Certiticatea of Competency
under the provision* of the "Coal Mines
Regulation Act" at Nanaimo, Fi-rnie,
Cumberland and Merritt, on the 16th,
17th and 18th day* of August, 19 0,
commencing at 9 o'clock in the forenoon.
The lubjecta will be as follows :—
Fint Clam Candidates—
Mining Act ard S, ecial Rules.
Mine Oaaea.
Gene al Work.
Mine Machinery.
Second Clam Candidates—
Mining Act and Special Rules.
Mine Oaaea.
Gineral Work.
Third Class Candidates —
Mininu Act and Special Rules.
Mine Ctaea and General vVurk.
Application inuat he made to the undersigned not later than Mondty, Angus*
8 Ii, 1910, accompanied by die statutory
fie, aa follows : —
By an applicant for First Class
Examination  810 00
By an applicant for Sec ind Class
Examination     10 00
By an applicant for Third Class
Examination       5 00
The applications must be accompanied
by otiginal teatimouiala and evidence
atatiug that :—
(a.) If a candidate for Firat Clasa, that
ho ia a Bri iah suhj. ct and has linlal
'east five ye<rs ixperieice in or about
the practical working uf a coal-mine, and
is at bast twenty-five years of age.
(b) If a candidate for Second Class,
that he has had at least five year* experience in or about the practical working of a coal-mine.
(c.) If a candidate for Third Class,
that he ha* had at least three years experience in or about the practical working of a coal-mine,
(d.) A candidate for a Certificate of
Competency as Manager, Overman, Shift-
boss, Fireboas or Shotlighter shall produce a certificate from a medical prao
titioner, duly qualified to practise aa
aunh in the Province of British Columbia,
showing that he has taken a 0 urse in
ambulance work fitting him, the said candidate, to give first aid to persons injured
in coal-miuing operations.
By order "f the Board.
Nanaimo, B.C., July Oth, 1010.
:   :   :   CEIYED   :   :   :
Up-to-date Merchant Tailor
Notice is hereby given that on the
12th day of September, next application will bo made to the Superintendent of Provincial Police for the grant
of a license for the sale ol' liquor by
wholesale in and upon the premises
known as Pilsener Brewing Co., Ltd.,
situated at Cumberland, B.C., upon
the hinds described as Sub. Lot 1, of
Lot 24, Nelson District.
Hated this 12th ilnv of August,
1010. 1
Pilsener Breiviso Co., Ltd.
Per \V. F. Ramsay, applicant
mission AtiKNCV. Rents and
Debts Collected, Brokerage, Real
Estate nnd Auctioneers, Thomson Building, Dunsmuir Av-nue,
Cumin-rhiiul. Phone 17. John Thorn
son, Manager.
(•cave Victoria" Oiliii. Tuesday
Arrive Ntlimltlin ;i t> in TiiP«>t;<y
1.1-avi' Nanaimo n.i(0 p.m. Tuesday
Arrive Union Hoy 10.00 p.i.i. Tuesday
1.1-uvi- Union Hoy $ a.m. Wednesday
Arrlv*H Nanattno21> in, Wednesday
Arrive Vancouver0,30p.m. Wednesday
Leave Vancouver 8a.m. Thumlay
Arrive Nanaimo 12 10 p.m. Thursday
I*eave Nanaimo 1 p.m. Thursday
Arrive Union Bay 7.80 p.m. Thursday
FrldaynudHaturdavropcat trips of Wednesday
and Thursday
Leave Union Bay 12.16 a.m. Sunday
Arrive Nairn!inn 11 a 111, Sunday
Arrive Victoria 1 p.m. Sunday
For rates and Information relative to Inter-
mediate points nf rail, apply to
C. B.   FOSTER,        W.   McOIRR.
A. O. P. A., Agent,
Vancouver,    B.C.     Nanaimo,   B.C.
Autos for Hire
Motor Launches on the Lake
Tumi*, ruaaoimblo. 1'hone 68.
— GOOD —
on ft Small
Next door to Royal Bank, opposite Fort Office
Little cubes of metal
Little tubes of ink;
Brains, and the printing presses
Make the millions think
There is no better
way of making the
people of this district think of you
than through an advertisement in
TTh,e   Islander
. .


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