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The Islander Apr 15, 1911

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Array LADIES'CoJumei,  roi-
cee  & Panama Long Coats
,. .i    c '..   nt
No. 46
With Bison Stock Co's.
of Lcs Angelos
What is Doing in
Local Sporting
h-.:---*^?-x^'-':-    ■■    -   » !    Ttli.'-'
Ladies' New Belts, Ctllan,
Dutch Collars, Jabots, Netk
Ruching 6r Blouses at
Campbell Bros.
Subscription price $1.50 per yser
J hn Milton Brown, AH Aootd, Berths
Bltnoett snd Dell Blsneett, ohainpiouton
bucking bone tud all-around riden ol
tbe world, who baave itiaied t challeng
to ride againtt tn; one lot (1,000.
Theae people sre kaiown throughout
the weat tor their ili'l snd daring, tnd
their win k in Biaon pictures hu caused
many thrill* ot admiration among aud
ienoait, John Milton Brown wit identi
ti. al with the 101 Ranch for three yean,
and the Roundup C a. two yeart.
Art Aoord rode the thiee most viciotii
bucking hortet in the world, snd it thi
only mtn who baa ever conquered Steam
boat, a man-killing equine. Acord rode
thit animal three timet.
Bertha Blanoett, the feminine member
of the quartet, is s graceful equesirinne,
and won the world't championship in
1904,1906 and 1910. She was connected
with the 101 Ranch for three yean.
Her huaband, Dell Blancett, wat with
the 101 Ranch for several yean snd it
known >s the belt all around rider ia the
Tlieso people think no more of roping
saddling and riding a vicious, biting
kicking,   bu king   horse than ordinaiy
eat    .:'.'•     - of h , ...:ing 'ho  olnlt.-B
an aniuscmt u*rk, Vio >■> in ia thoii'
aiand battles with tit equine enemy, and
full onnlidence in. their, avhilii.y, has dev
eloped a feeling of indifference, to tha
dangen of their calling. Thit absolute
abandon and diaregard of iic-seual dang,
er has made Biann tilins the talk of tht
picture loving public, for it ia only iu
Biaon him. that one can tee hurtet baaing
ridden at break neck tpeed, up snd down
dsngerour cliffs, dashing through milling
torreuti, etc.
These pictures srs regularly shown at
the City Hall.
Yearly Report Submitted at Meeting
Rev. Mr. McGillivray
Leaves Local
Pulpit   .
Is Asked to  Disclose
Identity of Correspondent
The most notable event in sporting
circles lest week was the defeat of
Scotland lay the Piters in a football
(aim-. It seems that Scotland i« going
'lack in the old game. The week before England anil Wales took their
measure and now to let the kingdom
• if Fife lieat Scotland is the limit.
The Fifers presented a nutty appearance in blue and   while sweaters, hut
heir playing was not in keeping with
their neat appearance their ploy being
very ragged, in fset lioth teams play
ing such a rugged game that no one
player can lie pointed out more than
mother, th* score 3 2 was an excellent criterion of the game,
The principals of the Murray-Thomp
son mutch are hard at work training
for their bout which comes off on May
Pay day. Mnrrays is not very well
known in Cumlierland but 1ms quite a
eputation in Scotland where lo hails
fmai     Having   wrestled   in  various
The annual meeting of the Board nf
Directors of the Union and Comox
District was held in the Council
Chambers on April 8th.
Pri'sialent, Mr Abraina took the
Tlie Auditors report wu submitted
sa follows;
Total Receipts for the year I87R4.60
"' Expenditure " " " 8154.66
Balance on hand " •< " 627.94
After the report was read the pre
sident declareil all offices vacant and
election wss proceeded with bs follows;
President  J. Abratna
VicePres W. Willard
Tree Ia. Mounce
Sec'y F.J. Dulby
Directors, Dr. Gillespie, G. Parnham, 8. Magnone, vice Mr Bickle re-
tireing, to which are added the two
government appointees;—H. Mounce
ami J. Horbury
Mr W. E. Lawrence acted as chair-
Short   Meeting   Held
on  Thursday
Many citixens of Cumberland in ad-
ilitiou to the congregation of the Presbyterian church will sincerely regret
that the Rev. I). McGillivray, for a
number of years in charge of the Presbyterian church hr re, ia about to leave
the city aud will preach hia farewell
sermon in the church where he hat
conducted service for tV put aix years,
tomorrow night.
In loeing Mr. McGillivray, the
church ia losing a forceful and con.
vincing speaker and an earnest worker
in the Master's cause.
Mr. McGillivray will leave at once
for his old home in Nova Scotia where
he will carry with liim tbe heat wishes
not only  of hia old congregation but
>f the citizens generally.
aaaaa      nawmg     ...■•-   — — t
.ornament   against sonic of the best man„f the meeting snd Mr. Jno. Wier
Several of those who aro gaii
the Eagles'Ball on the 17th
called at ili>. oH'ico to enquire if
Tact that hummer tail corns are
polaory on thai occasion. It i
and   a man a fret- to  wear
Iu speaking to Mr Harrison, our Iocs)
legal light, regarding liquor licences etc..
tome mention wu made regarding statements contained in a letter signed 'M.D'
appearing in the paper of the  8th, Inst,
which Mr Harrimn eharactsriasd u ab
aolutely false, and thst he had no know
ledge of any secret meeting of the licent
ing Board, or Police Commiasioneri; thai
hn never  attended tucha meeting, not
hu  he   ever   represented   the Unioi
Brewing Co. of Nanaimo at una meeting
board of either Police or licenie commit
tioneri, he alto mentioned that it wu up
to 'M.D' to get buty snd try and collect
the 1200 00 referred to in the lut ittua
uf the "Cumberland Newt."
oen in the welter division   in   Scot-1 as secretary,
'and.    He is young strong and lias a
large   knowledge   of the  game,  and
i mild bear watching.    Thompson our
ocal ttxpummt. of the grappling ail. is
.inio goor   himself lining   regarded in.
.ajnie quarters as ii sure winner and .if
ihysioai strength has any thing] to oi.
.ith this match combined   witli  goon
iHiiiditimt bo should bo the. favorite as
he is in vory capable hands having oo
his trsining stall' George (lay. n
iuat master in the wrestling gamo win
his lieeti associated with the Swatisorts
for yours, and in fact there are very
few Athletes who don t know Oordio.
His other trainer is Sandy Jure whose
rep as an Athlete is to well known to
need mention here.
Lacrosse seems to hare taking the
toys by storm and every evening this
week, there hu been a large turnout
to practice. Dune Robertson, Jimmy
Whyte, and Sommerville seem to 1*
making great heading in the fine points
of the game.
Passed To Rest After
a Prolonged
Annual Meet ug II. Ic
And Officers Are
Aa interesting meeting ol ths Lioenaa
CommUtionera nu held in the Council
Chamber! on rhundty night.. His Wor
ship ihe Mayor and CommiidoutriPsm
ham and Watson being present.
Ths Mayor tnnounced thst ths matting had bun tallsd to investigate wrtain
charges raids by a tor respondent aigolim
Dimatlf "M. D." in tbe hut lata- of Tax
Tht editor wu present by special re-
qutit, snd it was moved by Culmination-
er Parnham, seconded by Coinuiiiaioner
Wstson, thst he be put under oat li anil
forced to divulge the name uf hit correa
pendent in order that' he writer of the
tetter might be called before the B>an
tnd given au opportunity to prove hi,
City Solicitor Harrison aaaurei tha
Lloard thai they wete perfectly withii
their right! in demanding that the edit
or divulge hia c. ni. | < ndcrtt't uame.
The Commissioner, [.ought thut tht
t.ititor'a request far a' adjournment in or
.lair to obtain legal advice ■ >uld be use
.est delay, ..oo uu a'tuhasaiidnr wat dis
patched to hunt up i ho City Magiitrate
to put the editor io der oath.
The Police Com mitt iontra hsld a
short union at the Council ChanibsN ea
Thurtdty night.
Ths eummittee appointsd to Interview
the butinets men of tbe city with rtgtrd
to tubaoribing towards the nigbtwateh-
insu's asltrj reported, ths coanmiasiousn
going into secret session to rtcsiva tbe
After receiving the report the muting wat tgain opened to ths public.
While a number uf the buiinsu Men
wished a change iu the nightwstchnsa
.11 had refuted to make s dtfinitt ohtitt
againtt him, and under thau clrcutn-
atancei theCommissionersthought that
they should take no ution until the matter wu Uid before the Council ot soy
deficiency in the amount raised by public lubteription would bsvs to be made
good by ths city.
Cummitttioner MuDonald moved that
tbe City Clerk be inatrueted to write a-
way for quotations for time clocks to be
placed in the city where the watebmaa
would be compelled to register oa kit
but at certain intervals during the night
The motion carried.
Tho   .all
lie calatoi
. b-.
sked leave
a.l aiiiistured,
address   the
The deatli occurred in tbo local hospitable on Saturday from cancer, after
a prolonged illness of Mr Dougall
Mitchell, for the past 10 yeara a resident of thia city, nged 46 years.
A wife and nine children, the
youngest of which wm less than an
week old, are left to mourn liis lots.
The funeral took place on Sunday
from the residence of Mr D. Stewart,
Derwent Ave.,and wu largely attended.
The   Vancouver  Milling Company
hu promised a Cup for a series of 10
Humes open to   the   Comox   District.
Rowan and Cameron are both   going
tn enter a team and Courtenay is als.
going to enter.    They have some good
material to firm ateam, Rod McKen
tie one of the best Lacrosse playera in
Canada is staying there and with him
to start with they ought to be able to Cameron liu also a fast aggregati n
get a team that will make the Cutnlw- 0f 8tick wielders headed by himself,
land iioys go some. the following playera are in hia lineup.
Charlie Grant, Alex   Walker, Sum
There   lias been   persistent rumors  merville, the Carpenter, for lack of his
i lint Vinson and Dixon would hook up other name Cotton the Money Kid tnd
lie sure winners of the Cup Ymth
and strength ia their mainstay and
for speed well I ahould amile. Their
lineup ia rather » hard combination
combining all the above eleineuta.
The annual meeting nf the Football
Association was held in the City Hull
on lut Sunday night.
All offices were declareil vacant, anal
new ones elected us follows,
President J, llennie
Vice Fret D. Stewart
Sec'y J. Harvey
Tree* J.R.Brown
Committee,—J. Dixcn, J. Hor
bury, Ju Brown, W. Brown and W
It was decided to form a city league and also to draw up a schedule
fur the McLeod-Maxwell Cup, Charity
Cup, and Keala-y Cup at another meeting to he held tomorrow night.
aie'requet.a.ii; Fi ., t'.u aeetlon oi
tie act, under whieli the License Com-
ui jiliinera claimed tho rig'.r. to force him
.. make public  ill    i a'lna   -I the   Corretja..latent,  be read
Sa-ooaad: That be be granted an adjournment in "ider'lia1 he might secure
egal advice on the matter.
Third: That iu the event of his beinv
forced tu give evidence under oath, tha
the faca. that he did in under protest, ba
recorded iu the uiinutet,
The tectum f the act naked for, waa
read by ths City Solicitor, after which
it wu moved by Cummittieuer Watt, u
seconded by Oommiuinner Pan.bam.
thst the adjournment takod tor bs granted.
Notice it hereby given thst all account-
ttanding againtt the Piltsnsr Brewing
Co. Cumberland mutt bs presented by
the end of April 1911, or the same wil
uut be acknowledged.
J.G. Bums
w^MW**wwva*»u^ia n'l aataetatats*
To the Editor.
In reply t" M.D'-. letter in laat woekll
paper 1 want to say that 1 have ueui
tried, and do not want to get the New
England  License   away from   anybuily
Tho rest of Hie h tta-r I don't think haa
any boiihc to il a..u is not worth a reply.
Victor Bonoiu
in the near future. If they do tlie
public are assured of a first class exhibition of skillful boxing both men
lieing experts in Iheir own particular
stylo, and when two men ot opposite
•tiloB mix there ia something doing.
What about the 24th of May celebration. Tlie early bird get* th"
worm.   Only five weeks more
Nanaimo tied with Lndysmiih last
Sunday, after having nil the liest 'if
'he gnnii". The inclusion of Jni'kv
.Sutherland in their front, rank has
helped   tli"in considerably,   hut  the
.ek was against them Sunday and
-lino! they caiiihl not. There slao *vA-
soino kick about I he equalizing goal a
oreat many people claiming it wu,
scored after time was up.
Suoking Pigi for tale, go each.   Money
accompany order.
Robiht Soliak,   Hornby Itland.
If the White Lacrosse team can   he
held together   this season they should ]
aide kick Halcrow Patay of the Bank
of Commence Dune Kobcrison, Alex.
McNeiven and several others,
Ben Reese ia another canidat'fa
Lacrosse honors playing cover point
for the bluea. Ed. llunden is another
crack of some class.
The married men of  this town challenge the tingle ttifli to a game of Frof.
Married men's lineup.
Jaa. Pemlme       Shortstop Mgr.
Jno. Sutht.        Pitcher Capt.
Jno, Piper.!. -     First Base
Barney Sweeney Catcher Sec'y.
Andrew Gibson   Cetilor Kiel.1
Ira Games Rigtil   Fiel I
Field Csinai
Roger Thompson Left Field
Geo. Richardson Snd. Base
Arthur Bradley  3rd   Base
Kdward Rule     Mascutt
Tuesday night
Thursday night
Saturday night
Sunday, per Cowichan 9 a. m.
Sun lay noon, overland
Wednesday-  6.00 a. m
Friday    6.00 n m.
Satiinlay —t.lo p. m.
Sun lay. 3 lo (.   Ill    si.a, |i
Swine,—Improved   Yorkshire elegihte
for regittration, either   ux.   Price ten
dollara each, at tit weeks old.
M. Nixon
tlwiman Itland.
Service! in ths Roman Catholic Church
will be held every other Sunday in Cum
berltbd.   Rev. H. Marts, s, putor.
C. H. Tarbell has just hail a new
plate glut front put in his store on
Dunsmuir Avenue, which givea hia
place of business a much improved appearance.
Visiting cards at the Islander of •
Dr. D. E. Kerr, dentiit, will be la
Cumberland, from Wednesdsy April 12th
to the 22nd inclusive.
"Peerlest" Incubator, capacity ^140
eugt with brooder, almost new, for sale
Apply 47 this office.
Gents' dept.   The Corner Store—A
full range of Gents'  Boots  and  Lo*
Shoes, tans, vici kid, patent and calf.
J. N. McLeod.
FOR SALE-A live-roomed hoots, ait*
listed on half of hat 3. Penrith Avtnit,
Cumberland. Will tell for $650. Apply
to Autono Ferrero at residence.
Seed Potatoes,—Early Rochester Rou
snd Etrly King.   Ten poundt fur oae
dollar, teven fifty per hundred pounds.
M. Nixon,
Denman Itland.
Por Side—Two Houses on good dry let,
rent, for 110 per month each, m'M tell
ihe two for 11650, or one for 1450.
Apply X.Y.Z.   Islander Omci
For Sale,—A Piano in first class order
Cost »100, will sell for 9250. Apply
Potters Pool Room.
FOR   SALE-Marrinelli't   Boarding
Houae. For partioulan   apply  to   the
^^^^^^^ owner.
|    Birth—Ou Wednesday, April 18th,
Gents'dent, Tie   Corner  Store -If | (<> Ulu wife „f Mr Tho(J Comb, of thit
city, a sou.
If you wish to make your piano aai
furniture appear just like new. try u
Istttle of Boyle's Piano and Fun.rn p
Polish.   Tt. is uu  exceptionally gti;jl
dish uii-1 you will not'u-o liny otlii'i
you want a suit that will wear and
look dressy, come to J N. MiIjhuI
Agent for Coppley Noves k R atadall.
A committee from the Fire Brigade
met a similar enminit.tee from the City
Council mi Moiialay nigh' In arrange
a basis for the taking iivei* nf the do-
on ■ttniM.t by th- i iiy,       he report of
'n    jnlii! i'ii nm   I ■•
tain, the Council  for
their ih'xt me tin/.
ill        lad .la
nsi.lnratiou   ai
after ha«i u' tinoil i'
lip ill   I-''      a
tlm fslando
;,\t'.     ..  I. assoi led
Wailstsin lawn, lilli
• „1 ihoiarleos    • ii
'! ,■ Ci in i Stdro—We
k oi Ladies
i. anil liltislius
Birth—Oo Thuraday,   A>,ri, 13th, i-
thai wifu of Mr.   William   Iliad <.f   tl it.
| city, a daughtur,
In- in
i0 .i
Mil, 1.
. Illt'lltH    fill'
. > issue must
rillioa md litter than
1 a.u..i>.
The Royal Bank nf Canada withes to
inform the public that it haa been the
eiisumi fur yaars for banks to allow
Joint Accounts to be opened in the
names of two or more persons, to be
operated by any one of them, and ia
the event of death to be paid to the tur
v i v«r. This pract ice is not a new idea
us many of the old timers here can affirm, they having operated accounts in
thnt manner fir years with aa.
Miss Minnie   Horbury  is visiting
her parent in this city.
Mr. Evans and Ida daughter and son
sua the guest of Mrs.ami Mrs Bergland.
Holy Cuinuiuniian 8 a.m. tnd 11 a.
Evening Ssrvioe 7 p.m.   Solos, "Enter |
Eve," "Abide With   Ms," Mrs. Fox.
Offatiuga are uked for the Mission Fund. I
Life Story of Madame Curie
Who Revolutionized Science
A BODY of men, serious, erudite.
and cautious, to whose ranks uo
woman bas ever been admitted,
is debating within itself, lint with all
Paris, all France, and all the world
awaiting the decision, tho wiBdom ut'
admitting a certain Polish woman tu
the honor of its membership) says the
Chicago Tribune, This body is the
French Academy of Sciences, and tho
woman is Mme. SklodowBka Curie, tho
humble wife of a bumble professor of
chemistry who discovered radium and
evolved tho whole science of radio-
activity which threatens to overturn
tin1 theories of a hundred physlciBts ami
chemists dead ami living.
There in no evidence that Mine. Curie
wants tn lie admitted to the Academy
of Sciences, sin' has persistently refused all honors and favors thus far,
and certainly the academy has little to
give her. She \> already fuller of
achievements than any member of the
austere Bocioty, Her name is now more
widely famous than those of any ten
nion who are now debating about her
eligibility. Certainly it would lie a com
ventiimal   honor  for  .Mme  Curio.
The prestige of the academy is great,
but the prostige of enormous accomplishment is greater, uud the scientists
of the world in this era are beginning
to believe that Mine. Curio stands at the
tnriiing point iu science—the point
where nil the fundamental theories of
energy, light and the chemical system
•f elements will have to be discarded
and remolded,
In 1900 the Curies discovered the element that takes the world back to Newton's corpuscular theory of light, the
metal with the incomprehensible radiations which seem to bum for ever and
are yet not fire, which have the weirdest medicinal qualities and yet are poison to the flesh, which seem to contain
tho secret of eternal youth and have
led scientists to doubt the usefulness of
all their classifications of matter and
to wonder vaguely if the outcome of it
all will be a proof of the protoritomlc
Certainly this mother of two children
who came to Paris a few years back
and who lived in poverty in the Latin
Quarter has been the greatest contributor to the chemical and physical sciences iu this generation, and the Academy of Sciences, whose membership
Bpells distinction, hesitates and debate's
within itself as to whether a woman
shall be admitted to its-ranks, while
the woman in question lectures, experiments, and cares for her children, indifferent to their decision. When one
is solving universal problems, honors
that will be forgotten long before one's
name has ceased to be a thing to conjure with are lightly considered.
Mme. Curio is by birth a Polish woman. Her father was a professor of
physics iu a college in Warsaw. Like
the traditional instructor, he was exceedingly poor, and every spare cent
he could save Irom his salary went into
apparatus for  his  laboratory.
Prof. Sklodowska could not afford an
assistant, 'therefore, and the college refused to allow him a man to help him
clean up after his classes. He had to
be in his laboratories all day preparing
for his work, and then stayed late every
night tu clean up aud wash his implements. When the little Sklodowskn
could scarcely read she was pressed into sen ice as'n test tube washer, and
she spent lung days with her father in
his classes, doing the rough work in
bis experiments ami scouring the tabes,
beakers and crucibles as the students
finished with them.
The time came when she had exhausted the possibilities of her father's laboratory, and it was decided that she
should go to Paris. When she arrived
there she found that she did nut have
enough money to pay the tuition at the
university, so she was fnrced to enter
a little technical school where the expenses were nbuust nothing ami the
prospects fur her advancement nut so
promising, either, ller tutor was Prof.
Curie, a man of almost middle age, with
some slight scientific distinction but no
salary to speak of, ami no general
The instructor marvelled at the earnestness of his little Polish pupil, and
Boon discovered that she had a faculty
for absorbing everything he propounded ami a keen sense of analysis which
amounted almost to intuition. She snon
outstripped ;tll her fellow students, aud
Prof. Pierre Curie appealed ollicially lu
his fuculty fur tin' power to make her
bis assistant. They would not grant her
a salary, however, so she served as a
helper once more at no salary, working
constantly wilh her former tutof at his
Pierre   Curie   found   new   cmplovment
in the Mechanics' Institute, in tho deso
late quarter bind; of the Pantheon, and
his serious little helper went wilh him,
Again she was unable to gel a salaried
position, nud continued tu work unpaid
for Curie himself. Curio's income was
small enough, but they thought tin".
could do better if tiny united their
resources, so they were married. They
went tu live in the old Latin Quarter
in students' apartments, and con tin nod
their work under better circumstances.
They did DOt live any better, however;
thnt was not tin1 object, But they were
able to spend so much more ou apparatus and chemicals.
Then Mme. Curio secured a position
as a lecturer in the normal schools at
Sevres. Again there was more money
for scientific work. In 1806 Henri Bee-
quend accidentally discovered the emanation of light from u ran turn,
lie made an exposure of u plate without suflicient sunlight in the presence
of uranium, and believing that the plate
was still good because so little light
had reached it, he put it away to bo
used at a later date. Fur some reason
be developed it and found to bis astonishment thai a dear Impression bad
been made—as clear as ii could have
been dune in bright sunlight. Ho remembered the circumstances under
whirh his plate had been exposed, and
Imtriodlatoly set to work on hia study
of the " Bocquorel' ''rays.
Hrird and soft corns both yield tu
HoMownv's Corn Cure, which is entirely
safe to use, and certain and sntisfne-
tory in  its action.
When Mme. i'urie was first shown a,
bit of this uranium extracted from Bohemian pitchblende she jumped to the
conclusion that there were other substances in the compound which could
better account fur these emanations.
She told Prof. Curie about it, and, although her belief was founded ou little:
moro than intuition, he had como to
have considerable faith in this scientific guessing of Mine, i'urie, so they set
to wurl; on pitchblende, the waste from
the Bohemian uranium mines. First of
all, they isolated polonium, having the
iridescent qualities uf uranium and so
named because Mine. Curie came from
Poland. The next to come out of the
melting pn| was actinium, nnd then
camo radium, the metal which has revolutionized science.
At Ihe Paris exposition of 1000, on
;i little shelf in the department of retrospective sciences, visitors found a
substance marked: " Radium; Pierre
and Mine. Curie.'* There was nothing
in the catalogue about it ami no descrip
live card, for the discovery had been
made after the catalogue had been
printed, and so little Was known about
the discovery or the discoverers that it
was almost impossible to say anything
about it.
On this last discovery .the (Juries, had
expended more than a thousand dollars,
which meant a great deal to them. They
had found few people who were curious
to know what they were doing, and
when a lew real scientists found'their
way from tho exposition to tho little
laboratory behind the Pantheon, Pierre
Curio was immensely fluttered and
thought it gracious of his callers that
they should pay him so much attention.
They did not realize that their discovery really amounted to anything. The
honors that the world heaped upon, them
were all in the future, and Mme Curie,
who could scent radium in waste- from
Bohemian mines, bad no premonition of
the laurels that were coming, aud when
they came the Curies were modest, almost resentful of the attention that
was heaped upon them.
Radium was found to have the value
iu medicine of X-rays. It was discovered that it was the most certain test
for diamonds, that it would bum the
skin through a metal box and all sorts
of insulation; and that the rays or emanations were of a gaseous nature like
helium gas, which could be bottled; that
they penetrated any substance and gave
any substance the qualities of radium,
but. at that time the quantity of radium in tho world was infinitesimal; it
had not been isolated, and the scientists
had not learned enough of it to bring
its properties into juxtupositiun in their
time-honored principles.
Still it was interesting, wonderfully
fascinating, and Prof. Curie was asked
to lecture on its properties before the
After that lecture honors came rapidly. The fact that it cost over $2,0(10,-
001) to produce a pound of it from 2,50(1
tons of pitchblende deterred the poor
chemistry instructor from putting great
quantities before scientific bodies for
their study. The announcement that
there was more gold in sea water than
radium iu pitchblende led the general
public to believe that it was such a
rare and unattainable substance that it
would never be of much practical service. They did not know how little
of it would work miracles and how little
it would take to set the scientists to
revising their chemical  axioms.
Tn Bin:, the Koyal Society of Great
Britain presented' the Curies wit'1
medals in recognition of their contributions tu science. They received the
Nobel prize and a short time after Pnf
Curio was given a chair in the Sor-
Then in lOOli, when Curie was riding
his bicycle, ho was run over and carried
home dead. Mme. Curie, the impulsive
woman of science, made no demonstration of sorrow. She shed no tears. She
silently prepared for the obsequies, attended by her two little children, and
in nil ways in her grief was the same
modest, quiet little woman she had
been iu her scientific triumph. After
tho funeral there was some.tnlk of giving her her husband V place in the faculty of the University of the Sor-
bonne. She expressed no enthusiasm
about this, Honors had been proffered
her before, nnd she had consistently refused them.
When she was unanimously elected to
take Pierre Curie's chair, all Prance
half suspected that she would refuse it,
though no woman had ever beeu offered
a place in Uo- faculty uf a university
before. It was an unprecedented honor,
and after much persuasion Mme. Curio
did accept It. Thousands of people
turned out tn hear her first lecture, and
Ihe people win. crowded the lecture
room were surprised to see an emaciated Utile wiimnii with a uurtent i'ous brow
but not the slightest symptom nf Puris-
ian chic iu her appearance. She is nut
beautiful. Hers is a plain Polish countenance with Ihe high cheekbones uud
round chin, and the only feature that
impresses vou is fhe high, rounded fore
One woman only had ever occupied
the position which Mme. Curie had occupied, and she did not hold it ollicially. That woman was Novella, the beautiful daughter nf .lean d'Andre of the
University of BologlW. When Joan wns
ill his daughter lectured eloquently on
canonic law. but Petrarch and some
Other youthful students paid so much
attention tu the fair face that they
failed to take notes, so the city fathers
fnrced her to lecture behind a curtain.
Mme. Curie is not a sensationalist,
nowever, either in appearance or mnn-
ner. Her modesty is the first thing
that impresses you, and her simplicity
the second. She is the mother of two
children, and a mother primarily.
Secondarily she is a scientist, and last
nf all n lecturer, recipient of honors and
candidate for membership in the Preach
Academy of Sciences.
If they admit her it will not bo because she is a wonuin—that is certain.
It will be because she bas been the
chief experimenter in a field Which has
forced tne chemists to put a question
mark at the end of their long catalogue of elements and has led many
f them to consider tho protoatomic
theory—that is, the theory that all
matter is essentially one and that the
division into elements is simply an arbitrary convenience not based upon
chemical fact. Moreover, does not radium emanate light which penetrates
vbjects which light has never penetrated? And does uot this emanation appear to havo an actual corpuscular character as if it wero mado up of fine particles thrown off from the body of the
metal? All this is opposed to the vibratory theory of light which has long
been iu good scientific standing and
takes science back to the days of .Newton, tho physicist, who propounded the
irpuscular theories of light.
Mme. Curie is the woman who has
erected the turning post at which science in its progress must stop and consider whether it is on the right road
alter all. ller intuition about the character of the pitchblende has grown into
a great question mark which now materializes iu tantalizing fashion before
the mou who have been working nut
theories—books uf them—on basic principles uf which none of thoiit is certain since radium remains inexplicable.
They debate her eligibility to the
academy. She is a woman, of course,
and she never made any demands upon
the aeademy^-yet they cannot afford to
except her; she has meant too much tu
.Franco aud to science at large. And
yet she is a woman. And so tlie learned assemblage puzzles itself.
HOW many potatoes does the world
eat in a yearf    That is a question to be answered in uo such
ordinary figures as millions. Even if the
reckoning is by  bushels, nothing  less
than billions will answer.
So far as can be told from the figures
already at hand and the estimates of
increased production, this year's crop of
potatoes will reach the prodigious total
of .3,500,000,000 bushels. If these were
placed in a row of bushel-baskets the
string would reach 3,000,000 miles, or,
say, one, hundred aud twenty times
around tlie glebe. If that isn't some potatoes, "wnat is it? Barring the stock
used for .seed, all of these will be eaten
between now and a year hence.
New York alone—thut is to say, the
greater city—swallows up potatoes at
the rate of more than 100 car-loads for
every day in the year excepting Sundays. Aad its appetite is growing, for
up to the tenth of last December it had
received 3,940,173 barrels as agflinst
3,189,432 for the corresponding period
of the year before. Allowing for the
average' receipts of 50,000 barrels a
week, the year should go out with a
grand total of about 4,000,000, which is
the equivalent of 12,000,000 bushels, or
nearly ono four-liumlred-and-sixtieth of
the world's crop. At 400 bushels' to the
;kis makes some 30.000 car-loads.
These  cost  $0,000,000, wholesale.
Although early potatoes are brought
in from Bermuda at a wholesale price
of $8 a barrel, and others from the
South at half that price, the great bulk
of Xew York's supply comes from four
States—Xew York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Maine.
' New Vork leads the United States iu
potato production, despite all the yearly talk uf the huge Maine crop, Out
of a total nf 300,000,000 bushels it
yields -12,0110,000; Michigan comes next
with 27,000,1100; and Maine \* third
with 2ii.000,000. Then como Pennsylvania, 2...UO0.00O; Wisconsin, 22,000,-
000; Minnesota, 15,000,000; Illinois, 14,-
000,000,; Iowa, 12,000,000; and Ohio,
1100,000. Other Western States contribute a few more millions.. Long Is-
md grows 3,000.000 bushels. Canada
..■ith 70,000,000, Mexico with 2,000,000,
and south America with 10,000,000
ake tho total New World production
i2.000.000  bushels.
This leaves the Old World tu account
for the greater part of the potato production. Germany with 1,700,000,000
bushels, Russia with 1,000,000,000, Austria-Hungary 700,000,000, have records
that show where more than half of tbe
world's crop is raised. Then after the
370,000,000 of Prance, the 250.000,000
of Great Britain and Ireland, the 90,
lu.0,000 of Belgium, and the 80,000/
000 each of Sweden and Spain are taken
.o account, there still remain fur "the
it of Kurope" no less than 300,000,.
) bushels, or Ihe equivalent of the
ited States crop.
.sin raises only 35|000,000 bushels,
teh is less than the crop of New York
te. Australasia adds 15,000,000 bus-
•, and Africa 5,000,000.
t. is estimated that in the neighbor-
d  of  35,1)00.000  acres of laud were
planted to potatoes this
'- ...  i._,ij .. .i„n„-
... and that
i bushel was
SM/qA's Cum
a-ii.ltlv slajaaaa , ..aaail..-.. cairra faalij.., Ii,.„|.
lilt llatoa.1 anal lunjt •      25 caul.
tho 1'ifip ni hull' a ilollur
tvortii $2,725,000,000.
I'litiiini's havo thus spread prottv woll
iver' tho civilized  globe. They lmd 11
timo spreading, though.   Laoss limn
,- s ago, Etiropo, aside from Ire.
did nut hold them in high otteom.
mi Mil!:'., jus' a century aftol this
itablo was firsl brought to England
Virginia, before ils groat nutritive
was generally roalizcd,  I Iot "
time its hoadway was nut gront,
71 tho English woro feeding it t<>
. an.I hogs inrftriwi ot using it on
ililn.   Prance took it ii| ly about
it my ago, and evon in Virginia nud
England it mado slow progress as
iicl). of human dia't. Ireland, which
from Virginia in  1686, liki'l  il
accounts for its belna; known ns
Mi potato, It is nut Irish, but
1. The pi: nt is a •uii.v of
Amoricn, ami thero is ono species
as far north as Now M'lia-n. The
arils camo across it mil -is enrly
sixteenth contrary took it to
wheeoe it mado its way thiniigli
E'urope, As tlie Spaniards na believed
to havo Introduced it into Florida, from
which Virginia got il. porhap, tlie en-
tin- nreilit  ought to go to .Spain.
Tlir. potato, of roiirsi1, is n fjoianuin, Tt
is. therefore, a relative nf the .'.ig'.it-
Hlia.ie, the wondorborry, nnd tho mng-
nlilcoat Solnnum wendfandij that is the
admiration nf visitors ti. California,
HIS Royal Highness the Prince of
VVnles, ip April next, nt tlm con:
elusion of the Raster Term, will
complete liis courso of training nt the
Sonlci division nf tho Royol Naval Col-
lego, at Dartmouth, anil the lirst phase
ia his education fur Hint high office thnt
It   w
In r
rati I
a eon
an n
got it
th.. li
as   th
one day in the ordinary course of nature, he will he called upon to occupy,
will come to an end, says the Observer.
His future is now clearly mapped out
hy the King, and it is possible to outline
iu some detail the lines upon which the
Prince's career will run.
It was at first suggested that His
Royal Highness should accompany tbe
King and Queen on their forthcoming
visit tu India ut the end of the year.
This has, however, now been abandoned,
and the first glimpse that the Prince
will get of the British Einpiro beyond
the swis will he when he embarks with
his brotner, prince Albert, for that
cruise round the Empire to which reference will be made a little further on.
As soon as he leaves Dartmouth, the
Prince of Wales will commence to read
tor a short university career and his
name will be put down for oae of the
colleges at Oxford—probably Christ
Church—and he will enter there iu the
autumn, after the summer vacation. lie
will nut remain there fur the regulation
four venrs, two years being the utmost
that can be allowed for this portion of
the Prince's training. Rooms where he
can study in comfort are shortly to be
lifted up for him at both Buckingham
Palace ami Windsor Castle. His tutor
in the first, place will be -Mr. llansell.
who has beeu iu charge ot' the Koyal
schoolroom for some years past. Mr.
llansell will be asissled by various professors of different subjects as required.
Already, the Prince has acquired an ox-
cellent knowledge of those subjects in
which he will be required to matriculate, and no difficulty is anticipated in
his passing his entrance examination
with ease.
While he is at Oxford, the Prince uf
Wales will load precisely the same life
and will be subject tu the same discipline aud routine as any other undergraduate, -i special suite of rooms will
be provided and furnished fur him, and
he will have his own tutor, but this will
be the.limit of the exceptions made iu
his favor. Thu King is very firm on
this point, and so long as any of his
sous are being educated, he is determined that their rank shall nut assist
them, and that they must succeed or
fail on their merits. This much liis
.Majesty has made clear to his family
on more than one occasion.
An illustration of this was given
shortly after the Prince of Wales was
entered ns a cadet at the junior section of the Royal Naval College at Osborne. His Royal Highness was invited to a garden party one afternoon, and
was very anxious to attend. To his disgust, however, he was refused permission to bo present by the authorities of
the college, on the ground that his attendance was necessary at a special
class of instruction that was held that
day. lu high dudgeon, Prince Edward
—as lie then was—wrote u letter of
complaint to his father. His Majesty
at once Enquired on to the true condition of affairs and when he was informed of the circumstances, bis reply to his
eldest son was at once short and decisive.       . j.        Ii*
He saw nn reason, he said, in effect.
to interfere iu the matter. His sun lmd
to learn as quickly as possible that he
was at college merely as a cadet, and
nut as a Royal Prince, and that the
rules that applied to his comrades, applied with equal force to himself. It
was his place to set an example to the
other boys by a cheerful obedience to
orders, however irksome the task might
be, and not to look for special favors
because of his high birth. This tuuffht
the young Prince a vory salutary lesson, and he has never complained to
his father since of any duty that has-
been assigned to him.
It would seem at the present time, as
though the young Prince were likely tu
distinguish himself at J he university
on the mathematical side, lather than
as a classical scholar. Though a great
reader, His Royal Highness has on
great liking for the dead languages, ami
greatly prefers modern history 'and
works of a biographical nature. He bas,
however, some command of modern
tongues and can already speak French
and German with a tolerable amounl uf
proficiency. Mathematics-, uu the other
hand, are a very strong subject with the
young Prince, and in this he carried oil'
the palm nt both Osborne and Dartmouth.
When l|is university course is at an
end, the Prince of Wales will set off on
a tour of the British Empire, accompanied by his brother, Prince Albert. The
precedent of the similar tour undertaken by the present King and the late
Duke of iJarence and Avoudnlo in the
cruiser Bacchante, will bo very closely
followed. Since that time, however.
the Empire has expanded to an extent
hardly tu lie conceived, aud it is estimated that at least 12 months1 will be
necessary for the princes to gain oven
the most, cursory knowledge of the great
Dominions over which their father rules,
As was the case in the four of the King,
a cruiser will be specially fitted up for
tlie accommodation of the Princes, and
this will probably be of the Indoiuilnble
typo. Their Royal Highnesses will be
attended nv a rather large suite, Including distinguished representatives of the
Army ami Nnvy,
Precedent lavs it down most emphatically (hat Ihe Heir Apparent to the
llritish Throne bIiqII be closely identified
with the Army. This is to be adhered
to in the case of the Prince of Wales.
Consequently, whon bo quits Dartmouth,
at the end of the present term, his active connection with the senior service
will tormlnnte. Prince Albert, on the
other hand, is destined to follow iu tho
footsteps of his father, and to become bi
due course, a "Sailor Prince."
Therefore, when the Princes return
from their tour around tho world, tbe
Prince of Wales will be ut once gazetted
to one ot the regiments of cavalry of
the line then stationed in this country.
He ih not to undergo the period of preliminary training at tbe Royal Military
College'at Sandhurst that is usuallv required from aspirants lo a commission
in the nrmy,sniid here the Mime course
will be adopts) ns was taken in the eoso
of'Prince AYrhur of Connaught, who entered the Seventh Hussars direct.
Prince Albert will at once be appointed
as a midshipman on board one of the
battleships of tbo home fleet—probably
upon the flagship of the admiral com*
maudiug-in-i*hief—and will thus commence liis real naval training as an
officer of the fieet.
The life of the Prince of Wales in the
army will be that of any other subaltern. He will have his own quarters
and his own servants, und that is all.
Though attached iu tho first (dace to
the cavalry, he will, iu due course, be
acquainted with the duties uf the Various other branches of I lie service, such
a stho Royal Artillery aud the Royal
Engineers. It is the "earnest desire of
both fhe King and the QucOU that their
eldest son shall be a soldier iu something mure than name, and no efforts
will be spared to ensure this. j|is position will prevent him from being sent
to servo in India or elsewhere abroad,
but his training at home will be of ihe
most thorough nature it is possible tu
The great wish of the QuOOU is that
the Prince of Wales may remain a boy
as lung as possible. Consequently he is
not tu be allowed to undertake any public duties whatever until after he has
attained the age uf IS—when Royalty
legally comes of ogo in this country.
Not long ago, His Majesty was invited
to allow the Prince of Wales lo become
Coloiiel-iu-Chief of a certain regimeut
of infantry of the line, but it was then
made clear that such a suggestion was
most distasteful to their Majesties, and
It has not since been repeated.
Though His Royal Highness will be
present nt the state opening of Parliament this mouth by the King, his role
will be merely that of a spectator, and
he will take no official part iu tin.' proceedings. It has been usual in the past
to appoint a household for the Prince
of Wales as soon as he came into the
title, and more than one holder of this
title had his great officors of state when
he was still in the cradle. Even the late
King Edward had a household selected
for him by Queen Victoria and the
Prince Consort long before lie knew
what to do with it. This is not to be
the case with the present Heir Apparent, and even after he reaches his majority, he will only have a couple of
equeries at the outside, until such time
as he marries.
Both the King and Queen have very
pronounced views upon tlie upbringing
of children, and they are ont disposed to
allow their sons to assume responsibilities and duties for which they are (it-
ted neither by age nor experience. There
is even some doubt whether the Prince
of Wales wlll'bo admitted a Knight of
his Royal Highness, as outlined above,
where it has been usual fur the holder
uf this title tu enter the order at a \^ry
early age.
It may be added that the plans fur
the education of the Prince of Wales
was originally laid down by the late
King Edward, who, ns Suvoreif>ii, lmd
eimrge of Ihe education and training uf
his eldest  grandson, the latter being in
the direct  iin " succession.  Needless
tu aiiv. fhb; plan was heartily endorsed
by King George, and will now be ad
hered to by him.
The King of Corn Removers
Is Putnam's Painless Corn Extractor,
Forty years' success in many lands
proves the superiority uf Putnam's
Painless Com Extractor over every
other remedy, Safe, painless, prompt.
Putnam's Painless Com Extractor absolutely certain to remove corns. Sold
by druggists, price 2fi cents,
(By Thaddeus S. Dayton)
IT is a peculiar fact that there are today hundreds of manufacturing
pluats all over tne country, flourish
ing and paying big wages and dividends, (hough yeslerday they were but
small, struggling affairs, whose present
prosperity i« due entirely to Ihe tremendous growth of the automobile tn*
dustry. Some of these lines of business
that novo grown far beyond the wildest
dreams of those who started them are
seemingly far removed from the field uf
motor-car manufacturing.
Take the business of snake skins,
for example, Por years snake skins
were a feature of the leather business,
never large, but with a demand great
enough to be worth the attention of a
foxv pooplo, in conjunction with other
| branches of the trade. The only difficulty was that so few wanted this particular leather thut*«it did not pay tu
hunt out members of the constrictor
family systematically, slay them and
bring their skins to market, because the
market was quickly glutted. Hut, one
day, some experts in automobile upholstering, constantly on the hunt for new
and rich effects, chanced to come across
some snake-skins Ever since then the
trade in that particular branch of leather has been considerable. It is difficult
to find a more benutifuhsurfuco for the
interior fitting out of costly cars—and
there is a nice, now. unexpected profit
where one would never havo been
thought of. It pays to bring in any
number of these skins now.
Striking commercial romances like
this ot snake-skins are. of course, rare,
but there are innumerable lines of industry, some very nearly as remote, (hat
(he automobile stands godfather to.
There are few cities, towns, or villages
that have not been benefited in some
way by the ears that shoot through
them like a blurred streak of light.
They may nut know it. but th" effects
of fhe building uf nearly 200,000 new
machines each year »'-e very fur reaching. Should the nutomobilo factories
close down, many a pay-roll in shops
entirely outride of the trade would be
clipped so Hint the dinner pail would
show it badly.
One of the big businesses uf America
that the ordinary public hears very lit-
f tlo about, but that, buys many a pair of
little shoes aud makes many a home
comfortable, is the machine tool industry. Machine tools is the trade name
for the thousand and one tools used in
the machine-working of metal. Every
new development means new batches of
ti ols and new principles and adaptations in tne use of old ones. Since the
automobile fairly got going in this
country the production of machine toolB
has just doubled. Xew concerns hnvo
come info the trade, and old ones have
had to enlarge their plants.
The automobile has completely revolutionized this machine tool industry.
When the "horseless vehicles," as they
wero called in the good old days when
everybody doubted them, first began to
be really practicable, their makers
found so much Hint was new in the construction and adjustment of the complicated parts that the machine fools already iu existence were inadequate. So,
burrowing ideas freely, they began to
gel out machine tools uf their own. Very
soon thi" auto business commenced lo
reach a high state of mceliniiienl perfection, ninl the machine-tool men, fall
ing quickly into line and turning out
the new (ools themselves, saw they had
Bright Brains Count
Headaches, Biliousness, li.ul Stomach,
Weak Kidneys,
dull the brain.
Brighten up with
25c and 60c a bottle.
/ M
a hotter product than ever, a»H the
hosts of new customers who wanted
speedy deliveries were not. difpowd U
be nt nil niggardly about the price if
they got them.
In oilier lines the demand has arrived
unexpectedly. Manufacturers wfie had
men uut on tlie road painstaking!'
drumming up business that, when ^aur
ed, brought in only a lair profit, suddenly fonud them solve- deluged with
unsolicited orders. There is ot least
one marine engine establishment in this
country, fur Instance, that lmd ;i:K ex
prrieiice. That is, it was a inari'io-en
glno factory several years ago.   It still
clings tu Its s| laity, but that bas be
come merely a side line nowaday*. Thi
plont has been oulargnd more than
once, but'It can scarcely fill its orders
for nutomobilo engines, for which there
is au enormous demand and a good
Where the automobile has tnflwmsed
general business the most has undoubf
edly been in rubber. Iu the first place
the new and unlooked-for deniald croaf
ed possinly the wildest cotuiner«iaI ex
citeioeut of the past twenty years. Thi*-
was by no menus confined to thifl ootw
try. It really reached its height in Mag
laud, where the British have been ex
plotting shares in South American rub
her fields. Tremendous fortunes hnvi-
been made and lest In this commodi*;
owing to the new use that lias been
found for it. Tires ure but. one part of
an automobile, yet (hey call for so mien
of the annual production of rublwr-
something more than forty per cent., ne
cording to the most accurate statistic*
—that all other rubber goods an
steadily becoming costlier,
A new and decidedly profitable in
dustry has grown out of this situation
What was only a short time ago naroly
a surf of side line of the bllSOICSfl torn
come to be au independent Industry
The automobile alone has created il, and
the more automobiles turned out. oueli
year the more prosperous It becomes
Many men have preferred to ongng:i in
it instead of in the making of automo
biles themselves. This is the gather
ing up and reclaiming of nld rubber. It
might bo called the daughter of tie
junk trade, for It is a direct offshoot
of that. Always, over since rubber
goods were invented, sotuojthllig has
been done in fhe working over of old
rubber, lint until com pa rati* 1 It n
crutly the junk capitalist did nk Ihf
hn nd ling    of    old     rubber    and     nenr
thought very much of it. Tbe how dp
maud made many a wise man fleo ritifer
ently, Hundreds of rubber reolahBiug
co'ucorns hnvo sprung up, until i*»d.'i<
"second-hand rubber'' is as big an h
dustry as the entire junk trad'' used to
be. The concerns engaged in it are (0
be found in every locality whero tin
junk business is done, which meais ii
every commercial centre in America
Millions of dollars are invested in tin-
new line, ami fortunes are being rapi \h
The rubber-tiro demand has changed
values all around. Certain grade* ol
rubber scrap use 1 to go into coarse rub
ber matting at nut any'too good a profit
Xow that same scrap is highly refined
by newly invented processes and i* A(*n
verted into pure rubber again.
Among the classes of business men
that have profited most from the iudue
tries that Ihe auto hns helped is thai
which is concerned with the making of
little things, thq trifles I hat would not
ordinarily be thought of. Screws go in
to the making of motorcars, of cuirse
A single screw-factory ia Cleveland has
nearly doubled its capacity and ontptil
in five years, merely on account of iu
orders from automobile makers. The
managers' main work is to see that the.
orders get out on time and that the
quality is kept up. Though the ^afi1-
tics hayo never been collected, (her-
must lie more than a hundred other such
concerns in the East ami the West who
find the automobile people by far Iheir
best customers.
Wireless telephonic communication
has this week been carried on between
stations 420 miles apart.
She Inherited ill-health from her parents, and for seven vo.irs was a
KUflerer from Kidney and Iloan
Whitworth, Temiscouta Co., Quebec
(Special)—Tnat *"? t(,f,,: t'"' advice ot
her friends and used Dodd's Kidne;.
Pills is the reason Mrs., Julien Pain
chaud of this place gives for the perfect health (hat slimes in her every
"1 inherited ill-heulth from my puj
eats," MrH. Pnhichund says in an if.
(erview. For seven years my Heart
and Kidneys bothered me. I was alway-
tired and nervous. 1 could not rl-e'p
My eyes had dark circles round them,
nnd  were puffed  and swollen.
441 could scarcely do my housework
when I was advised to try Dodd*H Kid
ney I'ills. One box relieved mo ot
pain, und six boxes made mc perfect|v
Evory woman who is feeling fagged,
tired, and worn out. should use Dodd'p
Kidney Pills. They cure the Kidneys,
and every woman's health depends on
her Kidneys. Healthy Kidneys menu
pure blood, and pure blood enrrie* new
life lo run down organs which supplv
the body with energy.
Tf you're a mlferiig woman ask your
friends. They'll (ell you mil of thai!
own experience to use DodnVs KH-Am
N T A I N S      Ki O      A L- U IM
Mag it
I _ 1
AT Hub time of the year, when materials of all kinds, as
wwH as gowns and wraps for spring and summer, are
being exhibited in all tho shops, the careful woman
tallies forth in search of bargains in winter fashions. It
way bo just a trifle late, according to one way of thinking, to
tajr tne winter outfit; on the other hand, all furs and heavy
garments are now sold for much loss than wns ashed for them
two tnenths ago. Besides, weeks nnd months of winter are
atflf to come whon these same warm clothes will be a joy
*nd tfciight.
Superb and costly wraps ore always in fashion, and
Miiiili? snd ermine, and in fact all expensive furs, have a
«tendard value that makes them: an investment nt all times.
Tlie cut of a sable or ermine wrap adds to its cost, for the
Blue Satin Costume
wrap iu fur is always high priced, and in consequence, ii tho
■ttytb be ou the extreme order just as sure as it is late in the
icwsou th« price will bo reduced, although the value of the
fur will be just as great. All superlatives can be soon exhausted in describing the beauty of many of these fur coats.
Iliey ere alt large (although so cleverly cut as to make tlie
wearer appear slender), are delightfully warm aud are smart
»s well as effective, something quite unusual in a large fur
**r*|> of any kind.
(mats rather than cloaks aro iu fashion, but with the loug
ihonlrier seam and tho sleeve cut in one with tho shoulder, or
made to give that effect, there is a sort of combination of
the two. Full length is the rule, and the fur around the lower
[►art is so put together that the markings give the appeur-
:iu«e of a flat band. It is considered smarter, whon the fur
Is of tho expensive kind, not to combine another kind with
it. Sable and ermine nnd chinchilla are, for instance, far
inure effective each by itself. The wide band oround the
bottom, the collar nad cuffs of contrasting for, are extremely
tnuulsoine when sealskin and fox or skunk are used together,
lliis combines-the two skins, the short nnd the long hair, and
with advantage to both. Tho finest moire, Persian or baby
lamb is this season also made up without trimming of other
tut, but thin must not be taken as a hard and fast rule for
there are many charming coats of this fur trimmed with
or mine, chinchilla and sable. All fur work has improved
80 irinrvolously of late years that quite a new field has in
BODflequotiCO been opened up to the fur coat, especially to the
far wrap, for insteud of being merely a clumsy cloak, worli
only for warmth, it is now a smart and becoming garment,
most, desirable to own for these reasons as well Us for its
tvurmth. The opera cloak of olden days, no matter !,how
tuporb the fur, was not becoming; but the modem fur opera
lloah is one of the most becoming garments worn, ana* an
ermine opera cloak (oven if it is not really und truly ermine)
i« it much to be desired possession.
So popular has been the fashion of tho long half fitting
coat that already it is being made up for spring and summer.
There is not liny marked difference botween the loose long
coat Intended for afternoon and tho evening wrap excepting
that the latter is wider. Sometimes, for practical use, it
should ne made to allow of its entirely covering the evening
gewn over which it is worn. Satin is again to be fashionable
for the long coat, but there is every effort made to bring
the soft finished taffeta nad tho moire silks into favoT and
to oust the sntiu from the front rank it has so proudly filled
for so long a time. The wide revcrs faced with white moire
und trimmed with black velvet will again be in style, and
tbo silver nndegold and white moire veiled with black chiffon
are to be popular. The greatest attention is paid to the
rovers of these coats. Whether they are becoming or not is
most carefully studied, nnd it is certainly remarkable the difference it makes whether the revers are long and pointed or
square and short, and by these little details the distinctive
effect is gained that is so all important.
The woman of moderate means has a splendid opportunity
at the momont to buy wonderfully smart coats at half cost
in tho different shades of cloth with fur ot moufflon collars
and cuffs in velvet and in satin (the latter hardly to be
included for they are few and far between). There nre
model coots that wero perhaps too late for the autumn and
early winter customer. Many of the garments are exceedingly eccentric, but eccentricity is most fashionable to-day,
and so long as the coat is becoming and not too scant (a
serious fault in these times when the scant effects are so
popular) it is often tho best kind of an investment.
Brocade or moire coats are fashionable this spring, the
latter having more certainty of popularity on account of its
seeming more suited to the season than brocade, which Is
more associated with winter fashions. Tho wide weave or
pattern of the. moire is moat effective and the satin finish
makes it seem younger and lighter, probably because for so
long a time the lustreless moire was so exclusively relegated
to the older women. Now that there are no old women the
material with the sheen and lustre is included in the fashionable category for women of all ages. Yet moire and brocade
are always associated with a somewhat old, heavy style of
dress and aro always connected one with the other, but tho
present way of treating them produces strangely different
results—the jet embroidered coat Is not only a handsome
und effective garment but it is smart and up to date in
appearance and is not merely n beautiful piece of goods trimmed with expensive jet passcmentorie.
->r%' ";.."'■
"..    '-'.'-A :S..'I>P'.' . ^i
Wr@P3V2''           N.a
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-rii'^i'- -* - ■
c,\/sM$.,■      ' i
Grey Velvet
Coat with
Velvet coats of all kinds are most fashionable, and there
are so many different models it is difficult to select the most
desirable. A loose and long coat of velvet with sleeves so
that no shoulder Beams ore visible, would seem all too large
and thick were it not for the clever shaping iu at the side
seams and the way in which the fronts are eut. One model
has three wide bands of shirred velvet, each finished with
a rosotte. These bands start at the bust Hue and I hen bolow
tho fronts hang straight in empire fashion, but the straight
back and tho curved iu side scams inulce the outline of the
figure—tho silhouette of which the dressmakers now speak
so learnedly—all that could be desired from the fashion
plato point of view.
To blacken a brick hearth mix some blacklead with a little
soft-soap and water, boil the mixture for a few minutes, mul
apply it with n brush.
[T suited the common iroay of time
that the largest sailing ship which
ever walked the water should suffer wreck from a daily steam ferry, plying between shore snd shore of the
Channel/' writes tho Nation of the
wreck of the great German sailing vessel, Preussen,
"There is something human in the
story—that first shock as she encountered a smaller but Btrouger force, like the
bullet so amazing to a highborn knight,
taking tue fiold with rich caparisous
and peuuoned lance. And then the bewildered attempts of the wounded creature to cast anchor, to be pulled by
steamers into safety, and even to stagger home to the port so proudly left—
the dragging anchors, the parted cables,
the irresistible thrust of wind'and
waves, the helpless drift against the
rocks at the foot of Dover cliffs.
"Thero the Preussen lay—largest example of man's primeval and most daring adventure, us powerless as u hollow log ugainst the storm. A wicker
coracle, bound with hides, and supplied
with fat, could have fared no.worso.
"How flue wus the account that reports gave even of her rigging! Five
masts she had, and on each mast she
carried a lower yard, upper and lower
topsail yards, upper and lower topgallant yards, and a royal yard. And besides all these square sails, good enough
wliilo trade windB blew steadily ^behind,
she could set fifteen fore-and-aft sails
—the only sails that count for manoeuvring against the weather.    .
•H'an finer names be imagined than
the topgallant sail or the main-royal?
What centuries of contrivance nnd inherited knowledge nro shown in the
moro catalogue of spars and ropes required to spread the wings cf such a
vessel—cro '-jack yard, upper mizzen-
topsail-yard, bowsprit-shrouds, bobstays,
martingales, clew-garnets, or spanker-
boom topping-lifts!"
"The Proussen," says the Spectator,
"is the largest sailing ship in the world,
and for some eight years sho has made
her voyages between Germany and Chile
with a punctuality which has astonished all who have watched thorn. She has
more than once doubled the Horn four
times in the year.
The splendor of the boat and its sails
leads the writer in the Nation to give
us a brief imaginative sketch of how
the first sailing boat camo into being:
"No such historical summary ns the
sailing ship now lives," he savB. "An
ancient history of shipping tells us that
Noah was tho first shipbuilder—tho first
to entrust himself upon the water, his
heart armored with triple brass. But
compulsion, rather than adventure, inspired his enterprise, and the Ark, hav
ing no destination, had no sails. For
the originator of the Preussen we must
turn to au uncouth berng of n more in
nocont age than Noah's.
"Seatod astride a fallen tree, from
which ho hnd torn off most of the
branches, he was urging it across a lake,
partly by his hands and feet, but partly, also with a flattened bough that his
grandmother had found more offective
than her hands. Pausing to rest and
enjoy the cool wind that tempered tho
sun "upon his back and helped to dry
his fur, he observed, with grunting surprise, that the tree continued to progress without his sweaty efforts. lie
observed that when he Bquared his
shoulders and raised his arms, it progressed the faster, ond he glided to the
opposite shore like a winged god, un
milled and sereoe.
"Next day the forest was uprooted,
and the wnolo surface of the lake was
crowded with tree trunks, bestridden by
uncouth beingt", screaming iu emulation.
To cross the lake was now a thing of
wonder and delight, but, as with the toboggan or Bid, the trouble caine of getting bnck to the starting place for another turn of joy. Abont a week later
the first sailor discovered that by pressing ono foot hard against the watej,
lie could bring bis tree sideways on,
and by keeping his back still square
to the wind could continue to progress
right athwart the course of his competitors. Cries of vengeance arose, but the
inmost secret of sailing had been ro-
"Within a month, pressing first one
foot ngainst the water and then the
other, and squaring his back this way
or that ou the opposite side to his foot,
he slowly navigated his tree by a long
process of zigzags right back against
the shore from which he started, although tho wind had not changed. Loud
wero tho yells and the snortings of astonishment, but the rest was all plain
sailing now.
"To hold up a banana leaf as an ox-
teniled back, to substitute a stick for
the backbone, to drive it into the trunk
and run it twice through tho banana
leaf, to substitute nnother stick for tho
foot and push it ngainst the water, first
on one sido nnd then on the othor, to
stitch many leaves together, to use the
skins of wild beasts instend of leaves,
and whero skins failed, to steal the
loosely woven garments of the womon,
to tie them to the stick with sinews
and tendrils—these devices were the
work of only a few generations.
"Thence camo the dugouts, swifter
and more formidable than the officers
of reserve who boar their name; thence
the silent canoes, with carved and painted eyes upon the prow, espying tlieir
course through darkness; thence the rod
barges of the Thames, and the white
wines that never grow woary.
''Contemporaneously with the first
steamship's wonderful progress was still
being made in building the fast clippers which sailed to the far East.''
wriles the Spectator; "but steam rapidly conquered nil other ambitions, and
since those days there have been few
experiments in the designing of mer-
eliant sailing ships. . We havo heard
it suggested by a marine engineer that
even the theory of wind puwer has not
been fully explored, and that there is
still something to be achieved in the
lifting power of wind.
"He rested bis ideas on the fact that
a ship when running tends to bury her
Relief for Suffering Everywhere.—He
whoso life is made miserable by the
suffering that comes from indigestion
and has nol. tried Purmnloe's Vegetable
I'ills does uot know how easily this formidable foe can be dealt wilh. These
pills will relieve where others fail. They
are the result of long and patient study
and are confidentlv put forward as a
sure corrector of disorders of the digestive organs, from which so many suffer.
nose ia the sea, and that this, tendency
might be appreciatively counteracted,
while the lightness and buoyancy of the
whole ship could be increased by the
supporting power of na\U used as planes.
"Wo civilized men do consout very
easily to a considerable waste of per-
munont force, not Only iu navigation
but for engineering nnd domestic purposes. Wo do not live in the 'horse
latitudes'; the wind is nearly always
with us. Of course, everyone who wants
a cheap motive force has tried to harness tho wind. Every child has made
a paper propellor or a windmill. But
ean it be said thut the possible uses
of the wind have beeu as arduously investigated as such recently discovered
forces as- steam nnd electricity and
gasoef Is it not conceivable that the
practical uses of the wind arc underestimated just because they are so familiar?
"We cannot- help thinking that the
wind will be more variously employed
some day, in tho some way" that prob-
ably the problem of laying under 'contribution tho great physicalfuet of the
tides will bo solved. *Oue would think
that the wind could bo used for electric lighting, yet there is no practical
apparatus for tho purpose. True, the
wind is variable and occasionally ob-
sent; but ns eloctricity can be Btorod,
one might suppose that this was the
very ease in which invariability did
not particularly  matter."
EVER since the year 1530 Great Britain has tried to rid itself of the
gypsies, those Btrango people who
have been quaintly described by an old
writer ub "such as wake on the night
and sleep on the day, and hauat tavorns
and alohouses, and no man wot from
whence thoy come nor whither they
go." Every year or bo some country
abroad is up in arms against thom, yet
they persist in returning, and apparently .thrive under persecution.
The gypsies are popularly supposed to
come origiuully from Egypt, as their
name indicates, but their origin is traced to India. They appeared in England
about 1505, and twenty-six years late-V
Henry VIII, ordered them to leave the
country in sixteen dnys, taking all their
goods with them. "An outlandish people," hn called them. The act was ineffectual, and in 1562 Elizabeth's counsellors framed a still more stringent
law, and many were hanged. Many
crossed into Scotland and became an intolerable nuisance. Both in that country und in England legislation proved
quite ineffectual.
The various acts fell into desuetude.
Under George IV. all that was left of
the ban against tho gypsies Wus the
mild law that "any person telling fortunes shall be deemed a rogue and a
Gypsies aro no longer a proscribed
class. Probably the modem gypsy docB
little evil beyond begging and petty
theft, but his determination not to work
is as strong ob over, and it seems curious that an industrial people like the
English should continue to tolerate n
horde of professional idlers. How numerous the horde is may bo gathered from
the fact that the number who wintered
in a single county iu England one year
was ostinmted at ten thousand.
The language, as well as the life, of
the gypsy tribe, has a tenacity of its
own. Many of their words have taken
firm hold upon the English language.
"Shaver" is the gypsy word for child.
"Pal" is pure gypsy. "Codger" means
a man. "Cutting up" is gypsy for
quarrelling, and "cove" stands for
"that follow."
A STRANGE ceremony is carried on
at certain temples in a district
of India lying in a belt of swamp
and jungle at the foot of the Himalayas. Persons who havo visited these
temples at sundown state that they
found the priests engaged in cooking
large cakes before tho temples in perfect silence.
As tho last rays of sunlight disappear, the chief priest issues from the
shrine. Moving slowly forward, he
takes up a hammer and begins to strike
a bell.
At the sound all the priests rise and
move solemnly and in dead silence
around the quadrangle, bearing with
them their huge cakes, which they
break up as they walk, and deposit on
the stones and tree-trunks and on the
steps of the temple. A rustling sound
then caused one of the visitors to turn.
A jackal, big and plump, brushed past
him, and he in turn was followed by
other jackals, singly and in pairs, emerging from every lane and passage in
the darkening thicket. They filled the
space before the temple. The high
priest ceasod to toll the bell, and, at
a shout and a wave of the hand, every
jackal trotted, to what was evidently
bis accustomed place in tho feast, seized
the cake in his jnws, turned nnd disappeared through the thicket.
No traveller has been able to elicit
from the priests au explanation of this
strange bounty. "It has always been
so," is their only answer to any questions.
A SK ten persons what is the strong
t\ est animal force in the world and
nine will reply that it is the blow
from a lion's paw. The tenth man may
have had a checkered career and express the belief, based on experience,
that it is the kick of a .Missouri mule.
As a matter of fact, the blow of a
whale's tail is incomparably the strongest animal force; a blow delivered by
a full-grown whale placed nt just the
right distance would smash in the side
of a wooden ship us though it wero un
egg shell. The second strongest force
is the kick of n giraffe, and this terrible
kick is very adequate protection tu
these otherwise helpless animals. The
Btroke of the lion's paw comes third on
the list.
"You have appendicitis," snid the doctor man [0 dim,
"And  I must operate at tmce, ur rise
your chance is slim!"
Children's Sca'p Sores
are Healed by Zam-Buk
Mothers are well aware bow frequently children contract scalp so.os, ringworm, etc., ut school. At play tht
children change caps, and right there
the infection is spread—tho damage
Some children are particularly liable
to eealp sores, etc., and often these
bieak out with annoying frequency.
Such a ease was that of the daughter
of Mrs. Albert Gaedike, of 4Si Amherst Street, Montreal. Mrs. Gaedike
says: "My little three-year-old daughter suffered frequently from scalp disease, nud try as we* would, we ueuld
not rid tho little ono of this. We *»cd
everything wu would think of, but felled to effect a cure, until we wero advised to try Zam-Buk. This baJm Mailed entirely different from anythiif wt
hnd ever tried before, uud frou Inst
applying it thero was a murktfr ua-
provomont. The sores became loss inflamed and less irritable. After a few
days, they censed to trouble tho child;
and in less than a fortnight from first
commencing with Ham-Iiuk they were
completely healed. In view of these
facts I fee] it my duty to let mothers
know how beneficial Zam-Buk is."
t There is uo doubt that for sculp Bores,
ringworm, ulcers, abscesses, cold cracks,
chapped hands, frostbite and similar
sores Zam-Buk is absolutely without
equal. It is just as good for piles,
varicose veins, poisoned wounds, cuts,
burns, nnd scalds. Rubbed well in over
tho affected part, it cures rheumatism*
sciatica, etc., etc., and rubbed into the
chest it relieves the tightness and feeling of weight due to contracting a bad
cold. All druggists and stores sell at
50c box, or post free from Zam-Buk Co.,
Toronto, for price.   Refuse imitations.
His Old Age Made
Free From Suffering
Annapolis, N.8.
"I am over eighty years of age and
have been suffering with Kidney and
Bladder Trouble for fifteen years. I
took doctors' medicine und got no help.
I want to thank you for sending me the
sample box of GIN PILLS.
I have taken six boxes of GIN
PILLS altogether, but got relief before
I had taken near that amount. I had
to got up some nights every fifteen
minutes and had to use an instrument
before I could urinate.
Now I cun lie in bed four or five
I ours without getting up. I can say
Hint GIN PILLS have nearly cured me
and T shall always keep a box in the
W. H. PIEBfE."
Do a* Mr. Pierce did—w ite us for
free sample box of GIN PILLS aad see
for youruelf just how much they will
do for you—tbeu buy tre regular size
boxes at your dealer's—50c, or six for
$2.50. GIN PILLS are sold with a positive guarantee of money back if they
fail to give prompt relief. National
Drug nnd Chemical Co., Dept. B.P., Toronto.
ensures no hard work and
no dirty work. N o messing
or mixing. A handy paste
in a generous can. A few
rubs, and you have a
splendid finish that lasts
and stands the heat. The
best preparation for polishing stoves, pipes, grates
and ironwork.
If your dealer does not carry
"Black Knjight" Stove Polish In
stock, send us his name and ice,
and we will scud a full size tin
by return mail,
Makers qftiafammn "* in r'ShoePohik.
"Vou shall not touch a knife to me,"
was James's firm reply—
"I'll  have no operation,* and   I ain't
a-goin' to die!"
"Ultima I cut," the doctor said, "you'll surely pass away;
Vou will be dead, believe me, sir, by
two  o 'clock  to-day.''
Ho Jim was scared and  yielded,    The
carving was a Bhock;'
Rut Jim   wus   very   thunkful that he
lived ut two o'clock.
Vox  doctors  know  their  business, and
it's very plain to Bee
That this one saved Jim's life, because
ho didn't die till three.
Germany will establish a record in
1911 by launching six new Dreadnoughts.
Warden—No'm; the guy that killed
his family ain't here any more. The
gov'nor pardoned him. The Visitor—
What a shame. I've brought him u lot
of roses. What other murderers have
you? *
A Ready Weapon Against Pain.—
There is nothing equal to Dr. Thomas*
Rc lee trie Oil when well rubbed in. ft
ponctrntos the tissues and pain disappears before it. Thero is no known
preparation that will roach tho spot
quicker than this magic oil. Ia consequence, it ranks first among liniments
now offered to the public, and is accorded firnt place among all ita competitors.
Published  every   Saturday  at Cumberland,  B.C.,  by
Oemosd T. Smithe,
Editor and Proprietor.
Advertising rates published elsewhere in thp paper.
Subscription prise $1.00 per year, payable in ndvanoe.
The editor does sot hold   himself responsible for views expressed by
SATURDAY, APRIL 15,    1911.
What the Editor has to say.
A Board of Trade is badly needed in this city, and we
would like to see this taken up by the business men of the
town. We believe that the Mayor is the proper person to set
the ball rolling, and we would suggest that he call a meeting
of those eligible to form such a body at an early date. Space
will net allow us to dwell at any length on this matter this
week, but we will deal with it more fully in our next.issue.
The recent explosion on Protection Island, Nanaimo
should cause the citizens of our town to pause and think what
the consequence would be should the powder magazine here
blow up.
If fourteen boxes of powder on Protection Island is   suffi
cient   to break windows all over Nanaimo, how much of  this
town would be left if the thirty tons stored here, exploded ?
We would suggest that the City Council take up this
matter with the Company at once, and we have no doubt that
if the danger arising from the storage of powder in the present
location was brought to their attention in the right way there
would be no difficulty whatever in persuading the Company
to remove the magazine to some more safe locality.
We are told that blasting was being done quite recently
within one hundred yards of the magazine.
From a standpoint of property loss, the company itself
would be by far the greatest loser if au explosion did occur.
jt is rather difficult to improve our city streets without
money, but the same is not true with regard to the cleanliness
of our main thoroughfare.
Dunsmuir Avenue might be improved greatly in appearance if tin cans and rubbish of all kinds were not allowed to
accumulate on the street and we think if the property owners
were made responsible for such accumulations in front of their
premises, and fined for allowing rubbish to gather, it would add
greatly to the appearance of the City without making the
slightest drain upon the civic finances.
We have lieen asked to comment upon the amount of bro
ken glass upon our streets, and ou the roads of the District
generally. This is a matter of considerable expense and annoy
ance to cyclists and motorists, and those responsible for such
material being on the roads should be taught the error of their
ways in the police court, if caught.
We note that the B. C, Telephone Co., have inaugurated
an all night service in Duncan.
In looking over the telephone directory and comparing
that town with Cumberland, we find tha1. while there are i\
few more phones in Duncan than here; the majority of phones
in Duncan are on the party system, while in this town practically all the phones are individual phones, and the revenue de
rived therefrom must be at least equal to, if not in excess ol
the revenue derived from the Duncan centre.
We believe that there is sufficient business in Cumberland to warrant the Company in putting on an all night service here, and we think an effort might well he made to induce
the telephone company to install such a system.
We are of the opinion that the Company would be able to
install a large number of new phones iu connection with this
central, especially from the Happy Valley district by granting
an all night service.
Beadnell & Biscoe
Offices: Courtenay and
 Comox, B.C.
Bush and Farm Lands
Sea and River Frontage
Courtenay Lots
p^e 6      at AH Prices
Not the Cheapest, but the Best
Catalogue Free
J Vancouver Island Nursery Co.,
* Ud.
Samenos, V.I.
{,♦■>.,*> a,	
jASnap in Timber)
Eight Million Feotof good timber mostly fir.
Easy to log out and with a good harbor to
hold the logs in. This is a first-class investment for some one, as the timber is right on
the wuter front.  Price #1.00 per 1000. Apply
j The Island Realty Co. |
Fire, Life, Live Stock
... Accident. .
nv       ,      P. L. ANDBRTOM,
Phone 22. Courtenay, B. O.
Tenden will be received by the under
tigned up to the 82nd. day of April
1911, at 6 P. M. lot the purchase of
Block 27, Subdiviiiun uf Lot Mo. 641,
Group one, New Wottminaier District,
ututted in the City a if Vancouver, and
Ming the tlte of the old Provincial Court
Bouse. Each tender must lie enclosed
in a regiatered letter and must be addrea
ted to the underlined, and plainly mark
ed "Tenders for Uid Vancouver Court
llouie Site," snd must be accompanied
by an accepted cheque for ten per cent
of the first payment uf the purchase main
ey. Payment for the property will be
nccepted in iu.talmentt ot uue quarter
uf the puichase money. The first of
tuch iuitalnienta to be paid within thirty days after the acosptanoe of the tender, tnd the other three, annually there,
after, with interest at aix per cent per an-
num. In the event of tbe person whose
tender it accepted failing to complete the
the tale tu him will be cancellud aud hit
ten per cent deputit forfeited. The ehe
ques ot untuccestful tenderers will be re
turned. The higheat or sny tender will
not neceaaarily be accepted. No com-
initaioiat of any kind will be sllewud,
William R. lions,
Minister uf Laudt
Department of Landt
Victoria, B. O.
March 7th.   1911
NOTICE is mint oivaw thst the
reserve eziiting by reason of s
notice published in th* British Columbia (lazette of the 27th. dty of December, 1907, over lands trusted nn the
Ii'iat side of Texada Itland, lying to the
south of Lot No. 26, formerly covered
bv Timber Lioenae No. 13480, which
aixpired on the 7th day of May, 1908,
is cancelled, and that the said lands will
baa open for location under the provis
i ns uf the '-Land Aot," after midnight
on June lfrh. 1911'
IioMKT A. Buwick,
Deputy Minister uf Lands.
Landt Department,
Victoria, B. C.
9th. March, 1911
Comox Electoral District
TAKE NOTICE thst 1 have received bbjatetiont in writing to ths retention of ths following iisui' t mi the Register of Voters fur the Comox Electoral District on the grounds sated below:
AND TAKE NOTICE that a Coebt or Revision to bs held on the
Sivixtb oat or Mat, 1911, at the Court Hoi si. Cumiikl.hd, B. 0., it 10
o'ol ek in the lurauouu, 1 shall hsar aud determine ths sill objections, sad un
lets tueb uamed persons, or some other provincial voter un their behalf, satiate*
me that such ubj otions an not well founded, I thill atrik* such nam** ef tbe
Hid Bag iter.
Registrar of Voter*
Comox Elector*! District
Dated Mat Mth. dag of March, 1911.
The following persons are reported absent from the district:—
.Main Street, Union..
No. Nam
75 Bannerman, John R	
86 Bates, Frederick	
112 Bennie, Duncan	
165 Bradshaw, John James	
251 Corron, Jaiwn M	
273 Chambers, John	
466 Farmer, Harry	
53.1 Gamier, Chrittonher	
599 Green, Frederi. kJ	
618 Haggart, Thomas Forbes	
794 Jenkins, John   Miles	
823 Junes, Edward Waller	
911 Lefley, John 	
918 Uiistone, Ji.hn Toxei	
930 Lytell, James	
966 Martin' Owen	
1028 Misener, William Dunstan....
1061 Munilell, John   	
1137 Mclntyre, John	
1213 McMillan, George V	
1247 Napier, R. Ross	
1287 Olaon, Ole 	
1302 Parker, Frank	
1386 Pivkard, Albert	
1837 Pickard,   Frederick Day	
1342 Pidcock,   William Thomas....
1362 Piket, John Henry	
1411 Rees, J. M	
1469 Rua Antonio	
1613 Shaw, George Nelson Jardine.
1720 Wall, William Henry       ,^^___^_^__
The following persons are reported deceased:—
Sees. 18 ami 45, Comox..
Union Hotel, Union.
Quathiasco Cove	
Spring inn, Comox..
407   Dirkes, Frederick Augustus...
482 Fletcher, Donald H	
651 Hancock, SydneyWilliaiuGeorge
755 Howell, Lewis	
765 Humphrey, John	
1085 McCluskey, Harry	
1152 McKclvey, Adam	
1214 McMillan, John Alexander	
1308 Parkes, Nelson	
.. Cumberland..
1647 Taut, Enrico    Uuion.
..Union Bay	
..Denman Island.,
Court of Revifiion
A Court nf Revision will be held In
the Oily Council Chambers un Thursday
Msy 18. lull, at 7 30 p m., for he pur
pus* uf hearing complaint, il >il)y againa!
tha enlistment nf property in the City of
Cumberland for the year 1911.
Any (aeraop ur persons lisviig  cum
plaint must give notice in writing at least
ten dsyt before thu aluto nf meeting.
ALU. McKmnun,  Guy Clerk
Cumberlan, B.C., April 6th. 1011
District of rtayward
TAKK NOTII'K tlmt «llllatn Maddlson Fnuxir.
if Vancouver III'. occupation carpnttr, tntctadalai
j.I»1 y fur pennlaslaiu to purcbaae tat following al..
aLTab.ll band*—
riiaaiuiencinK at a poat plantaaat about 10 chain,
tltarth of tha a. W, comer of T. I. 27IDA; thencaennth
•n rhalna: thence west SO ctatnai th.net north So
ctialtla; ihetc. aaalat WI clualraa tt point of C0U18l.nct
iilutal, containing 040 scraa mora or laaa.
Wllluana Maatallaun fratar
Ctrl (.una, Stem
litis. March 10th 1011 (tpl I)
Metric! iifsuyaaard
TAKK NOTICK thiat George forler, of Vtncauar
iiri'upution burlier. Intenala to apply for peruiiaelon
' -i DiirclauKe the faallowlng described land.;—
.aiiiiuieiia'lligial a poat plantta! at tht a. Kcoin.r
nf I'. L. 371 ir. thence about B0 ctslnt west; thence a
onut 1.0 chains north to short Una; theac. aotlb-
eMt, follaawlng shore Una to point ot cctainsocaaaeat
cc-nulninjf M0 ocrea more or lata.
George Porter
Karl Cllat, Aj.nl
Uiato Murcla mth. Mil. (tpl I)
Dlatrlct of atyward
I'AKK NOTI K tint Alfred Ctutanthe of V.nco-
u»er Il.a.:., occupation planterer, Inlanda to apply
fairpernaluiontopurei,,, tD> follswlaf daatrlbtd
an mencliujat poat planted about ncbalaa tort*
ilftlloKW corner ol T L X71S6; tbenct mil »
rliuUK i bailee noma <o cbalna; th.a«aaat M cluusa
thence north lu ehalaa; th.net eaa.t.0 cbalta; that,
c. south 80 chaant to point ol coausatcamaat cue
ualalni m teres more or laat
Alfred C'auUaaehe
..    u     , Carl Clasa.Afaat
Mtrth 1Mb >»ll (tfl |)
Little cubes of metal
Little tubes of ink;
Brains, and the printing presses
Make the millions think
There is no better
way of making the
people of this district think of you
than through an advertisement in
Tbe Islander tV
:m:eits oLOTHiira
for Style, Qnality, Finish and Price, the' Perfection Brand"
for men ud boy* 1* unequalled.
Prices from 12 00 to 27.50
Borne very large shipments of Spring Style* just arrived- Our
range 1* too large to mention all in tbis spaoe.
Fir»t shipment of the Renowned "Slater" Shoe and "Palace"
Shoe* Every line the newest for Spring.
The largest range ever shown in this store.
A Large Stock of the Freshest Groceries
Simon Leiser
& 00  LTD.
The Russell
The only Car Made
in America with
the "Silent Knight
Valveless Engine,"
Also made in valve
E. C. lEIfcODIE!
Cleveland. Brantford, Massey-Harrls, Perfect and Blue Flyer Bley.
oles; Fairbanks Morse Gas Engines; also the Moore Gasoline
Llghtliig Systems. Oliver Typewriters. Repairing of all kinds.
Bicycles, Sewing Machines, Gun's, etc.     Scissors and Skates ground
Rubber Tires for Baby Carriages.   Hoops Jar Tubs
The BEST Machine on the Market
and sold on EASY TERMS   	
JEPSON BROS., District Agenta, Nanaimo, B. C
C Segrave, Local Rejiresentatire, Cumberland, B. C.
Practical  Watchmaker
All Work Guaranteed
B ttleH Spi
muir Ave   :::   Cumb
Union Lodqk No  11   I. 0 0   F.
MeeU every Fiidnj uvui.iii^ »•_ 7 null ck
in I. a 0. F. Hr.ll Visiting brut hem
JsM   fi   A8T0N, SKOBKl'AltV
I Giw 11*1x1 mnJ, emtio* DUtrivl, huve bvech'
** coHbtttl lo§«ofthU«tamp: . x 7, andaqtuire
with ltlter ('lit cuiitre. If uwiiitm wiah tn claim,
plMM coiuinunkttUi to defray uiptjiiiM,   Aililtvw
" hlaod.
-•   :   -•   CEIVEL}  :   :   :
Up-to-date Merchant Tailor
•io, be aur* to order your wo Jalin„ invi
lationa at Ths Isuimn Ottos. Sample*
at this ufljet.
Now the timo will saion be coining
When wilh jour residenceyutiilo
do get tick,
For after the firm the house with
dirt does gst thick,
8o don't you think we'd better be
And sail on the Painter end have our
house fixed.
Painter and Papa-hanger
8I0N WHITEK etc. CuinberUnd.
Terms Moderate.     Business Punctual
The finest hotel in the city.
..i m
■ i
"Leading Tobacco King."
Better known as
Dealer la Fruits, Candy, Cigars
and Tobacco.
E3a» Billiard Room in connection
Grocers & Bakers
Dealers in all kinds of Good
Wat Goods
Best Bread and Beer in Town
tiganta for Wlsener Bear
H. M. Beadnell,
Comox, B. C.
Agent for E & N.
Comox  District.
of aSviturner Suits at $15.00.
They are th< latest in style and
best in quality.
DON'I. [ ORGET-weare a-
gents for Ooppley, Noyes & Randall Clothing.
Our Ladies' "Waists have arrived
and are open for inspection.
***fcJ***J*Jfc*J*-" aa>ataataaa.a»a»aaa.a» *,» -.,-1|^.|—.-^^ f^^^-y^^
Stoves and Ranges,
Builders Hardware, Outlery,
Paint, Varnishes, Arms and Ammunition, Sporting Goods,
The  McClary  Manufactuing Co.
Sherwin-Williams Paints
just Arrived
RANGING FROM $20.00 TO $25.00
"The Furniture Store"
MoPbee Block A.  McKINNON      Cumberland, B.O
Pilsener Beep
The product of Pure Malt and
Bohemian Hops
Absolutely no chemicals used
in its manufacture
sssBest on the Coast ===
aj09piiUeta, hatched 1909
IromJtai I taa (Kov II   1.1.(1 J75HC «a>|
Which told tat tvhaatktaal'ar |arlct!»
»«l • • • $1219.12
(Boat of feed for aama period     9ll.pt
* 8C8.07
HvtraettprofIt psr bird far
151daya       ...
Pir II. Per IIM
•    2.10 '    I2.jal
■ 2.11. 1.1.00
Pilsener Brewing Co..    Cumberland, B.C.
D i s pin y Advertisements
75 etints per column ini'li (ior rannth.
Spi'i'iul .nil- for half page or more.
Condensed Advertisements
1 cent 1 mini, 1 issue; minimum cliargo 25 cunts.
Nn accounts run for this class of advertising THE ISLANDER, CUMBERLAND, B.C.
Mr.  Gouge Pulos,  a  Well-known  To-
lucco Merchant in Broclcvillc, Out..
Tolls of His Faith in tho Merit of
"Ja Ue fall of 1903," writes Mr.
Palo*, Wider date of June LOth, 1910,
1 tjoalractM a vory severe cold which
•ievelaped into Catarrh. At that timo
1 was living in Now Vork state and
treated with four different physicians,
wh# afforded mo no relief. On coming
la Broi-ekville, t was advised by a friend
io kry OatarrliOEone, I bought tho dollar on I lit and was gratified by the re-
suits, i way completely cured by
Catarrh ozone, and have used it since to
abart a cold with unfailing results, Tt
iii fche grandest modicine in existence,
iwi I hope ray testimony will bo of
■one nfio io other follow-suffer ere."
(Signed)    George Pulos.
Refaae a substitute for Catarrhozone;
it nJuiio oan cure, Sold in 25c, 50c, and
*!.0«  sizes  by  all   dealers.
WHILE there are many venerable
ami famous trees iu tho world,
every country having a Bpocl-
urou •)■ two that it regards with special
pride and veneration, most of them are
iu the lirst Hush of youth when compared with the great plane tree on the
island of Cos, in tho Aegean Sea.
This tree stands in the main street
of the principal town, which is also called Cbs. Under its branches, tradition
has it, both St. Luke and St. Paul rested.
It is a pretty big tree, eighteen yards
iu circumference and over two thous-
aud years old, It is surrounded by a
podium, or raised platform, breast-high,
doubtless built to support the trunk of
the tree after it had beeomo hollow and
weak from age.
The lower branches are still well pro-
served, and havo been shored up by
pieces of antique columns, over tho
■pper owls of which the branches have
grown like caps, in consequence of the
pressure of thoir own weight.
OIoho by the treo is a solid marble
seat which is said to havo been the
chair of Iilppocrates, the Greek physic
ian, called "The Father of Medicine,'
and it is supposed that he taught the
art of healing from that seat. Hippo
crates was horn at (Jos in 4IJ0 B.C.
This circumstance gives a clew to the
groat age of the celebrated plane-tree,
which must be considerably over two
thousand years old.
The Tailor—"Married or singlet
'JJhti Customer—'.'.Married. Whyf" The
TaJior—"Then lot me recommend my
(Mite.ni safety-deposit pocket. It contain., a most ingenious little contrivance
thai feels exactly like n live mouse."
"A number of performances are being described as improprieties," said
one theatrical producer. "Yes," replied
tlu* other, "it's getting harder every
year to toll what improprieties the pub'
He regards as proper."
f ± IfaM mm
1      *™b ■ is n safe, pli imnt, amisepti
| I lliilnipnl inr r-.(..icing v Lrlco*
J Vel ■■ to ::  mil! ceudlUon
lB1_ | tn -■ ing Hn m even ;it'. t ii''','
>ffie3iZ£),\<i'><i      ■■■•■   i   I. t ibe inn
„!;; , i i.i a mn ■ mbli Isugtli nftime
~:. I i Alao t* ■• .-■ ewftil remedy ii
- AT Vurli-naill toauimfn Al
fm   ■■■• '
rV.MQUrlf. P.O.
i.O nrp.<i{y il.ti. -,(h, I.nit
Oil*,     '        .•-.       Il'tli>l-i.    l.lltl.
>ncU, •■•<'.)' n—h. A ;,'< or] rein
i}- fi I'-..a.; in t!u- house h
mo the cli ildron goto b-nlcut
-   i i i ii ■ throat, oi
"■-■■        ■,.,! t ni Me where t
»«1 In   ii ■■• n m.db&uBoml
. IJM' ■ '■:.       ; , .*...,(" n.'trnUt
■• '..'1 a.   At id
■■■■■■ -.:...!-n11|1„.,lni,lybj
H Ml  .,,-, Ii'1-..ll-n   U-oi'l.
I^  li'il.*  k WW r HI., Itlatelpn
aiwiliKuK *M?1sS2Sm * **'
Dr-MarteFs Female Pill?
ProRcrllnid nnd rcconiinnnded for women's nil-
iii'ini!,,   a   •icn";tiii .illy   |i:i'u ■: 'ii   rninody   nf
proven worto.   Tho rainlt from their hoc in
IftUek   nnd   poniiiiucnt.   Tor   h;i1o  nt   all   driiR
Mere's a Home Dye
Oan Use.
arjirayj been more or
1ms of a difficult nndeiw
taking- Not to whin
you uu
Semi fur Sample
Cird unit Sn.ry
I'lir JOirNSON-
CO , Limited,
Montrnnl. C»n.
With DYOLA you can color cither Wool,
CtitWn, Silk or Mixed Goads Perfectly with
tlf SAME Dye. No clinnco of using the
WHONG l)y<- l»r tin; Oogdl you li.ivo to color.
"      TAKE   A   DOSE  OF
M       ^THE BEST MEDICINE     mmmW
rl»r COUGHS   6   COLDS
MAV   is   dremlfully   disappointed   iu
her  fiance."
"What's tbe  trouble!"
"She'd just found mil  that all those
beautiful things lie quotod from Shakespeare wereu't original."
I don't see any sense in referring to
the wisdom of Solomon," said the
man, smartly. "Ile had a thousand
"Yes," answered the woman, tartly;
'lie learned liis wisdom from them."
WE won't print any such stuff in
that!" said  the  editor loftily,
as  he  handed  back   the  manuscript;
'Well, you needn't be so haughty
about it,"" retorted the irregular contributor. You're not the only ono who
won 't print it."
AN aged colored man was passing
a fish store whon ho stopped to
examine n huge turtle chained in
tho doorway as an advertisement.
Ho had "never soon a turtle before,
and lie prodded tho strango creature
curiously. Suddenly he popped his
finger into his mouth with a howl of
pain. Aftor tho finger had stopped
blooding, ho gazed at it ruefully, then
eyed  tho  turtle apprehensively.
"What's the matter, 'Bastusf" asked the fish dealer with a grin.
"NuiuV, sah, nuffin' Ah was jest
wonderin' whether Ah had been bit or
MES. WILSON'S husband was often
obliged to make long journeys on
business, and frequently did not
reach home till after midnight.
His wife had usually slept peacefully
at these times, but a number of burglaries in the neighborhood during ono of
Mr. Wilson's trips had disturbed her
One night Mr. Wilson was stealing
carefully up the stairs, so that his wife
should uot be awakened, whon ho heard
her voice, high and strained:
"I don't kuow wbother you are ray
husband or a burglar,'' Bhe called,
"but 1 am going to bo on the safo side
aud shoot. S'o if you aro Henry you'd
better get out of the way."
AN American newspaper correspondent, who followed the government
army In, a recent revolution in a
Lin tin-American country, tolls  a  story
about an exporienco that he had with
tho  general  commanding the  division,
Tho correspondent observed that
every town that tho troops invaded
thej would help thomselvos to every
thing that was not nailed, screwed, or
auchoreii down.
This did not appeal to the Amerieun's
ideas of tho rules of war, aud he re
ported tho misdoings of the soldiers to
the, commander,
"That is selfish," said the latter, in
dignantly. "I will seo to It that when
we reach the next town you will have
the lirst chance."
The correspondent confined himself
thereafter to tho  writing of  "copy
EDWARD TERRY, the distinguished
English comedian who has appeared iu a number of plays in Canada
recently, tells this story:
Some years ago, when playing in
Leeds, Kngland, f started a swimming
competition among the members of the
company, and to encourage them, offered ns a prize a silver loving cup (won.
by the way, by the late Kdward Lon-
nen). The ovont apparently created
some interest in the town, and a friend
heard two men engage in a discussion
a.s follows:
First  Man:   "I  say,  durst  ta  know
this  'ere Terry's given u coop to bi
swimmer i' company?''
Second Man: "Aye, what's that
First Man: "Oil, I suppose it's to
keep them play-actors clean."
i   WELL-KNOWN theologian said in
. V     a   recent address:
"Thomas A. Edison tells us
that he thinks the. soul is uot immortal.
But, after all, what does this great
wizard know about soulsf His forte
is electricity and machinery, nud when
ho talks of souls he reminds mo irrest-
ibly of the young lady who visited the
Baldwin Locomotive Works and then
told how a locomotive is made.
" 'Vou pour,' she said, 'a lot of sand
into a lot of boxes, and you throw old
stove lids and things into a furnace,
and then you empty tho moll on stream
into a nole iu the sand, and everybody
yells and swears. Then you pour it
nut, let it cool, und pound it, and then
you put iu it a thing that bores holes
in it. Then you screw it together and
paint it, nnd put steam in it, and it
goes splendidly; and Ihey take it to
a drafting room and make a blue print
of It. Hut one thing I forgot!—they
have to make a boiler. One man gets
(□Bide and ono got-8 outBido, and they
pound frightfully) am! then they tld
it to the othor thing, and vou ought t
see it go!"
DO not sneer at. the juvenile iutel
led," sail] a district superintendent. "SotnotimOB a boy can ask
questions that a man can't answer.''
And he went on to tell of an oxpori
"lice he had when ho was principal of
une of Ihe New York schools, lie was
culled on by a teacher to come to her
"It's nil right," said she, "until
mil lira I history hour cmncs. Sammy
tones lives on a farm, and he thinks
lie knows more about natural history
than the man that invented it. He
koopfl asking me questions—and if I
inswer them Sammy laughs, and if I
loll't the children ' do. Discipline is
limply gone to pot. The children would
• Wo up their recess if I would lengthen
he natural history hour by five minutes."
' 'So," Bald the school superintend-
•it, "in the pride of my manhood f
told   her   I   WOUld   come  to   her  rescue.
Women With Weakness
For all weakness from which girls
nd women suffer, no surer remedy exists than Dr. Hamilton's Pills. They
intain that bracing health ©very wo-
ii so earnestly desires; they uproot
disease] and bring strength that lasts
till old age.
"No medicine could be more bene
icial than Dr. Hamilton's Pills," writes
drs. Mary E. Ayrton of Victoria. "I
lave been strengthened, my digestion
s better, I have improved in color and
ocl considerably better since using Dr.
Jamilton's Pills." Sold everywhere,
!;lc per box or five boxes for ono dollar.
'One short sharp answer will denote to
Sammy that the matinee is over.' The
teacher welcomed my aid. That afternoon I dropped iu and took charge of
the exorcises. I told the children 1
would allow just oue question oach.
Aud Sammy stumped me. I hud hardly
made the announcement before his hand
was up.
"What is it, Sammy?" I asked.'
"Has a duck eyebrows?" asked Sammy.
#    #    #■
HERE is the true story of how Representative Champ Clark of
Missouri, who bus got a half-
nelson on the speakership of the next
House at Washington, got his name.
He told it himself to a reporter:
My paronts named mo James Beau-
champ Clack (he said). They didn't
christen me because.they were Camp
bellites and didu 't believe in christen
ing, I hudn 't been noticing things
very long beforo I discovered that there
is a J. ii. Chirk at nearly every post-
office in tho United States, One day
I went down into Kentucky to a place
where as usual there was a man named
J. B. Clark. Nearly all of my mail
went to him. He was a queer sort of
fellow, nnd he opened my letters and
sent them back to the writers. When
I found that out, you may be suro I
got mad. I then and there decided to
change my name.
Tho first thing I did was to drop off
the "James." I thought it would bo
a nice thing to be called Beauchamp
Clark. But the first thing I knew they
were calling- me Beechamp, Boochamp,
Bicbainp, Bawchamp, and every other
kind of "Champ." Nobody could pronounce it right. I never was certain I
could either. So I just dropped off the
first purt and kept the "Champ."
It was tho best thing I ovor did. I '11
bet you almost anything you want that
there is no man in Congress that gets
his full name printed in the papers as
often us I do. Other fellows are re
ferred to as Representative Smith, Re
presentative Jones, etc., but they cnll
me Champ Clark. Just how much that
lucky name has to do with my political
success I can't say, but I kuow it has
done a lot.
T1WO or three years ago thero foun-
JL dered at seu the good old ship
DesBOUg, a stout craft that had a
lung and varied career which ended in
her serving ia tho humble capacity of
a coal transport. The Dessoug was
launched in .Scotland in 18(1-1, and In
most notable feat was the bringing to
the States of the obelisk that was pre
seated to the city of New York by the
Khedive of Egypt.
Au interesting story is told in con
nection witli this voyage of the Des
song, seeing that the Vessel was, strict
ly speaking, a "pirate" during that
A lieutenant ia the service of the
United States was commissioned Io go
to Alexandria to bring tho obelisk. Act
ing in behalf of his country, the lieuten
ant purchased the Dessoug trom a
steamship company in the eastern Med
iterraneau for the sum of twenty-five
thousand dollars. Two plates were re
moved from tho bows nnd the big obe
lisk was rolled right into the hold,
where it was mado secure and the plates
were replaced. Although the old boat
met with terrific storms on tlie way
over and her machinery became disabled, she brought the obelisk safely
into port.
The romantic feature of the trip,
however, lay in another phase of the
IJessoug's experience. When it was decided by tlie officer mentioned to buy
the ship curious complications arose. He
was warned that if he applied for elear-
e papers many attachments would
be placed on th<> boot by reason of debts
owing to Knglish an'd Greek merchants
by the ruler of Egypt, So ns soon as
the obelisk was aboard and proporly
fastened, the ship put to seu without
any loruiality.
Now, the United States Congress did
not permit the American flag to bo
flown over craft built abroad, and the
aptain durst not raise the Egyptian
r.lurs since he had not officially cleared
from the Alexandria customhouse. Tbe
Dessoug was, therefore, literally a pirate ship, aad as such fair prize for any
civilized nation that should capture her.
The officer took the precaution, however, to write to tho governor of Gibraltar, the only port whereat he Intend-
I to stop, stating the exact facts and
requesting that he direct the oflli - who
iliould come aboard to make only n
uporfiolal examination.
Before Alexandria was left tlie name
of the boat was painted on ihe quarters
and on the bows iu letters more than a
yard high. This was done in order that
her identity might be lixed by any vessel conceiving the notion of firing a shot
across the bows.
The governor at Gibraltar proved
complaisant and allowed tho nationless
craft to coal and provision at bin port.
Had he choson, he could have seized the
pirate and sent the obelisk in the hold
to Kngland.
BV geographers floods are attributed
lo the destruction of the forests;
astronomers have attributed then]
to   comets;   meteorologists  assert   that
thev are due to the rain,
When ruin falls continuously for
lays, it is natural to ask: Where does it
ill como from? tt Is evident that it
'nines fro mtlie clouds, nnd all know
hat clotlda are formed by Ihe evapora-
iou of Hie wator of tha oceans. The
'vnporutloiis   take   place   because   the
Worms sup tlie strength and under
mine the vitality of children. Strength
■a them by using Mother Graves' Worm
K\ti'iiniaator to drive out tlie pura-
Shilohi Cure
nulckly •toil* tuudha,  cures celrU* h«aU
lb* tht"*t aad (uaga*
incessantly heats part of the terres-
globe; bo the first cause of ruin is
nun  sent   to   earth   an   mnurying
lin times it  is reasonable to sup-
that   the earth  at  such  times is
healed by tbo sun.    This is a fact
not a theory.
.ncient   astronomers   believed   that
sun   sent   to  earoh   an   unvarying
ntity of heut.   To-day tbe buu is con-
red to be a variable star.   After re
ing intervals of some eleven yeftrs
six months the sun appears to its
rvors ns an  immense ball  of fire,
ing liko the newly fed  fires of a
e.   The fires giow and tho elements
ion in their normal state aro gnse-
i) decompose and separate, their sep-
tion   and   decomposition   being   the
jet of the increase of heut.
mring sun storms, photographed by
uis of the powerful instruments of
[em astronomy, some of the flames
,e attained a height equal to the dis-
ice between tho moon and the earth,
such times fire springs from all parts
the sun's surface and the sun-spots
ii crease in number and in size.
Iu former times the sun's storms ware
supposed   to   be   tho   results of   a mo-
ntnry cooling of the planet; now thoy
re supposed to be the results of a mo-
■ regarded as indications of very high
r   tempornture.     The   interval   bo-
eon   the  storms   may   be   less   than
'ven  and  a  half years;  it  may be
eh longer.    This fact should be cou-
dered in comparing tho sun's activity
id tho earth's climate.
Since tho year 16*10 the sun has been
ider man's observation and its periods
e known to have been variable.   Some
its phases have been short;  others
re been vory long.   Some have been
of marked fury; others have been calm.
During tho last half of the nineteenth
century the sun was notably calm. Recent solar- study has revealed tho existence of remarkable laws. There is oao
general  rule: ' two  normal  periods are
followed by a period of groat activity.
Fifty-four metoorologlcal stations iu
England have recorded excessive rainfalls when sun-spots were most numerous and most threatening, and a comparison of. the registers of the world's
meteorological stations shows that  inundations'havo  beon  worst  when   the
disturbance on the sun was greatest. In
1903  astronomers  traced the solar influence in the rain curves mapped for
tho region of Paris.   To the fluctuations
due to thnt influence they attributed
the great inundation of the Seine,
Since the tenth century the Europoan
climate lias been divided into periods of
drought and of humidity, obviously
traceable, like the variations of the levels of the great lakes, to the influence
of the sun's cycles. Thoso facts justify
the claim that meteorology is based on
very simple and very reasonable principles.
to write each neglectful horseman for
the information that is required uudor
the rules of the National Trotting Association. Rulo Two reads as follows:
"The entry shall give the name and
address of the owner, and if signed by
au agent, the name and address of the
said agent; also the name and color of
tho horse, whether a stallion, gelding,
or mare, the name of the sire,- nud tho
name of tho dam, if known; if unknown, it shall bo so stated in the
entry. If any of these requirements
are not complied with, the offondiug
party may be fined not less than $5.00
or more "than $o0.00 for each offouco,
and if the facts aro falsely stated for
the purpose o. \ deception, the guilty
party shall be fined, suspended, and
expelled." *
It is a notorious fact thut this rule,
important ns It is, has boon ignored
completely by many horsemen and secretaries. Why this is tho case is hard
to understand. Ignorance cannot be
pleaded us uu excuse, for there is not
a man in a thousand who makes an
entry that does not know tho name,
color and sex of tho horse he is.entering, nnd few thore aro who do not know
tlie sire aud the dam of the horse, SHU,
this necessary, information is not given
simply through carolessness, but if the
governing associations would inflict a
few penalties as provided in Rulo Two,
tho desired rosult would Boon be brought
about. Tho Horso Roviow enrried oh a
systematic campaign aftor the publication of the Year Book for 1908, aad
by means of private correspondence nnd
through the medium of its columns succeeded in recovering the pedigrees of
many horses, tho breeding of which was
recorded as untraced. This work, com-
mcndnble as it was on the part of the
Review, should never have been necessary.
It is not very many years since tho
writer, in attendance at one of the biggest race meetings ovor held on the
ico in Canada, had occasion to call upon
tho secretary to obtain information
about certain horses which should have
appeared on tho regular programme,
but which were omitted; but this office
was not forthcoming even from the
secretary in person, who knew as little
nbout the sires and dams of the leading
horses at his meeting ns it is possible to
imagine. Tbo entry forms were referred to, but, liko the seerotary, they
wore devoid of information, so a ean-
vobs of the drivers hnd to bo made, nnd
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(Signed)   "Richard Haaitfa.
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Get Nerviliue to-day. Sold fcf ill
dealers in 2,'ic and 50c bottles.
RECENTLY there was afforded a convincing proof of the weight of the
waters of the Great Salt Lake.
A strong gale of wind wus blowing
over tho lake and driving its surface
into low, white-capped ridges, while
along the shore the foam lay like flat
banks of newly fallen snow' If that
gale hod passed across a lako of fresh
water of litce extent, it would unquestionably hnve produced such an agitation of its surface that navigation
in smnll boats would have been difficult
if not highly perilous.
But the waters of tbe Great Salt
Lake, although driven into ridges as
just remarked, showed a curious resistance to the wind, aud the waves, rising
to only a slight elevation, moved with
an appearance of lethargy that the eye
could not but notice.
Yet there was an immense momentum
stored up in these low, heavy, slowly
moving waves. Venturing into the
water at a point where the depth did
not exceed four feet, the observer found
that it was impossible to stand against
The curious buoyancy of the wafer,
containing twenty-two per cent, of salt
iu solution, increased the helplessness
of the bather. He was not submerged,
but wns lifted and enrried like a cork.
It would probably havo been impossible to dive through nn oncoming wave
after the manner practised by bathers
along the Atlantic coast. In the Great
Salt Lake people are not drowned
through sinking, but strangled while
still afloat. The bitter water may enter the air passages with fatal effect,
hut the body floats until it reaches tho
shore or is picked up.
us they wero widely scattered, the tart.
wub uot the most pleasant, wi* Ihe
thermometer registering about toem below jerp. This failure ef tho Bearetarf
to obtain the name of the she and dam
of one horse in particular, at tbia sun*
meeting, made it possible for oao ewaor
to pull off the biggest coup t*>at hat-
ever been known at u huriMUM hers*
meeting in this country. It baa beon
generally supposed thut this owner wo*
within his rights in doing as be 4H.
but a reference to Rule Two will show
that he wns transgressing the rules Off
the N.T.A.,, and as the meeting n qiev
tion was held under the protertian of
the big association, tflio Bocrctiuv was
really a party to file deception, ft is
doubtful if it has ever occurred to Mile
secretary that there had beon a grass
infraction of the rules under wU«h Mf
meeting wns conducted, but tbere waa.
Every horseman in Canada kaows the
horse Unit was tho medium off the
"killing," and all will agree that U
the advance information us to Bis sea,
color, sire, and dam had beea givea
with his entry, ns required by abe rae
ing rules, ami had appeared am bae
score card, this "killing" woaM have
been of much smaller proportions. However, the owner, whoso name is nbnait
as well known ns that of his faneas
horse, is a real good sportsman, ant 1
for one nm not sorry he slipped »ur
the trick, even if he did leave himself
liable to n fine.
The Harseman
IN a leading editorial last week, that
excellent authority on harness horse
matters, the Horse Review of Chicago, takes up the matter of the neglect of horsemen to make their entries
for race meetings iu proper- form, a
carelessness which causes no end of
trouble to the American Trotting Register Association, compilers of the Year
Hook, an invaluable work to the horse
nen themselves.
Ah a rule, secretaries of harness
horse meetings are so eager to get en
tries that they will accept them in any
old shape, proper or improper, as long
ns tlie entry fee is forthcoming, when
a little effort on their part to get the
color, sex, sire and dam of the horse
entered would save a great deal of
work for others later on, and bring the
sport uf harness racing up to a higher
standard. Many horsemen tnke it for
granted that all they have to do in
making entries is to give the names of
tlieir horses and Hie classes in which
thoy wish to start them, and leave it
to the secretary to do the rest, the
secretary, in nine ciiBes out of ten, not
knowing anything about the breeding
of the horsese so entered. In accepting
h entries tlie secretaries are also to
blame.    It  would take but little  time
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"Money left to herf" "No; she is thp
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The Beech Tar in the Syrup is soothing antl healing
while tho Cod Liver Oil stimulates the appotitw uad ia
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Mnthieu's Nervine Powders which bcH in boxes af lb
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The Last of the Tressiders
By J. Morton Lewis
IWli gone rations tho Tressiders had
boon soldiers. Their diuing-room
walls were covered with paintings of illustrious members of the family who hud borne u sword for king
md country, from the famous Sir Alan,
who had helped to chase the Cavaliers
from Marston Moor and hud lust an
*rm ut Naseby, to the present reigning
bead, Sir Hugh Tressider, a name writ
large in tne history of India. They wero
i race of hardy giants, who know uot
Ac meaning of fear; suns pour, suns
roprociio, they served their monarch
like true, honorable gentlemen of Hug
Sir Kugii hud married an Irish girl,
uid the union wus blessed with one
son, who inherited all tho Celtic hung-
ination of his mother *B race. Nut nre
had ordained him for a Htorary life;
tradition held thnt be must be a soldier like his sires. His was a nature
incomprehensible to his father, a nature Which in early childhood drew
fancy forms amidst the shadows, und
trembled ut the figures his Imagination
had culled forth. To cure him of it
md his timorous disposition his father
used sternness, the worst measure he
could have adopted.
Bo Alan, the lust of tho Tressiders,
grew to manhood a man apart from his
forebears; by nature perhaps us bravo
\8 they, but possessed of a haunting
fear that when tho moment of tria'
arrived ne would show cowardice.
It was the custom of tho Tressiders
ta have the portrait of each son painted when lirst he donned a uniform, so
thnt it might hnifg in the dining-room
in company with those, who had gone
This fact Sir Hugh told his son upon
bis fourteenth birthday, relating to him
tt the same time the history uf cacti
<jf tho slern-visnged men who looked
down upon them night and day.
"There,'' he said, pointing to an
empty place, "your portrait shall
Tho words remained firmly fixed in
the boy's mind; he dreamed of them
by night, waking up in a cold perspiration, fearful how he would act when
first he heard the shells whistling their
message of death around him—whether
ae would break away, a coward, a disgrace to the name he bore, or add still
further honor to its great fame. Vet
ae wns not a coward, for uo man can
he until he is tried.
His twenty-first, birthday saw tho
portrait complete and bunging iu the
vacant place upon the wall.
Looking ut it, Sir Hugh raised his
„jlass at the commemoration dinner.
"My son," he said, then personally
iddressed the boy:
"Alan, yon come of a noble race, a
raco which has borne the sword for
generations, and borne it honorably.
Slay you add further lustre to the
leroll, and prove worthy of the fore-
►war whose name yon hold."
The speech cut Ainu like a knife,
uid filled him with a grave misgiving
ts .he sat there resplendent lu his new
tnlform, Was ho worthy to bear thai
anmef IU looked at the portrait of
the great. Alan for sympathy, wonder
tag how he bad felt upon his lirst but
tloliold. But the Roundhead, armor-
dad and stern, looked down upon him
in grim exhortation, as if despising
lim for the bare thought.
All that night as he lay in bed he
tossed fi'oin side to side, his mind racked by the oue thought. Months afterwards, when he faced fire for the first
time, it stood mil before him, writ
arge in letters of red.
Within six months of his taking up
his commission the regiment he had
joined wns ordered out to India to lake
the place of ono homeward  bound.
"No better [dace for you to learn
-mldiering," said Sir Hugh when he
heard of it; "that was whero I served
my apprenticeship."
Lady Tressider received the news
vith anxiety. She did not share her
nusbiimi's belief in tho suitability of
fche career which had been chosen fot
their sou. As a mother she understood
nhe boy's foldings better, and realized
that ho was not fitted for the life.
Moreover, not being a Tressider by
birth, she did uot appreciate tho fact
thnt, as every generation had sent a
ion to the war:-., every genoniiion must
needs do so for all time, tier remnn
■itrnnees  han   been  Unavailing.
"What better career could he have?"
•laid Sir Hugh. "Not fitted for it! tt
vill tnuko a man of him!"
And so she had yielded. But when
*he marching orders came she wrote
:o the colonel in chnrge of the rcgi-
nent. nn eld friend of the family, and
asked Iiiui to call and see her. j
Three days later he arrived.
"Mttdam," he said, holding her hand
for n second,   '1 am proud to havo a
Tressider iu my regiment."
"It was about Alan I wished to see
••on," said Lady Tressider, and she discreetly rang for tea.
"One lump, or two?" sho asked as
(hey sut before the fire, the table between them,
"Now, Colonel Davant," she said,
'I wont you to promise me you will
icep a watcti upon Akin as far an you
'an. It was his father's wish that he
-mould join tho army, not mine, I do
not think he is fitted for the life."
"He will be the first Tressider who
has not been," said the colonel, wishing
ro please.
Lady Ttessider smiled,
"Perhaps be has a lot of bis mother
a him. I may bo wrong, but I think
ie is too highly strung, too imaginative,
•so make a good soldier."
"Life in camp will soon cure hiin of
that," said Colonel Davant. "And you
inn rest assured that I will do all I can
to help him. I have no sons of my
i>wn—I wish I had; but so long as he
is lu my regiment T will be father to
"Thank you," said Lady Tressider.
She rose to her feet. "I know that
people who are as highly strung as he
is often lose their hods in time of
langcr. And I would rather see him
dead at my feet now than know that
he hnd played the part of coward."
Colonel Davant realized tho truth of
what she said.
"And thoy often mnke tho finest sol-
Hera,'' he replied. j
Aad so six weeks later Tressider loft I
•Southampton, amidst tho fanfare, tho
inthusiasm which speeds each parting
•egimetit, to take up his position iu a
career for which he felt he was unfit,
for which he hud no liking, having in
lis heart a great fear that when the
iiomeut camo he might be found wunt-
From the hour they embarked Colo
jel Davant kept a watchful eyo upon
aim. Having spent his life entirely
imong soldiers and seen service in all
parts of the world, the culone^ knew
train past experience that Tressider
night either turn out a hero or from
lis haunting fear sacrifice tho lives of
hose under his command.
1 Uiseinbarkiag at Bombay, within
twenty-four hours of tlieir landing the
regiment wus entrained and hurried off
r.n the first stage to Peshawar, where
Ihey were to be stal toned.
India was then in a state of turmoil.
Like a huge volcano for ever erupting
and breaiung out in some new place,
trouble" wus brewing amongst tho hill
tribes. Rumor said it spilt the commencement of a European war, and
that behind the seeming Insurrection
of a few thousand natives menaced the
arms of a great nation.
A week amidst tho sun-dried plains
ef l'eshawur, beneath the shadows of
tho hills, and the regiment was called
to tho hills themselves. News had come
to the ollicials of u largo rising u few
miles south of Chitral. Five Europeans
hud been killed, n native village sack
od, the crops destroyed, and the cattle
driveif off. The rebels had been led by
a man notorious throughout India, Sud-
ar Khan. Revered by one-half of tbe
population, ho was us much distrusted
by the others. Leader in two rebellious, he had bcea deported and his
lauds confiscated. When he returned,
it was to find bis wife, the ono person
on earth ho revered, dead. By her
body he swore that ho would reBt neither day nor niglit until her death had
been avenged and the English driven
from the land in which his forefathers
had ruled ns princes.
Colonel Davant's face becamo serious
as he heard the news.
"I would rather meet any man, the
dovil  himself, amidst these'hills," h>
said to his second in command. "Have
you ever seen hinif"
"No," replied the subordinate.
"1  met him once, seven  years ago,
at a Calcutta bazaar.   He is one of the
finest men I have ever met.   He stands
over six feet six, and has the strength
of un ox.    He knows the hills so well
that he could find his way from Chitral
to Ktirrun blind folded. God only knows
how many men he has, and I am pitted
against him with si force of one thou
sand five hundred."
Never tlie loss, Hie fighting instinct of
the old soldier was aroused, nnd lie
went out to the hills with his men us
eager as a boy.
The force marched out of Peshawar
amid the silence of a duly night. The
' it all day had been oppressive; but
witli evening a cool breeze hnd arisen,
aud blew softly upon the men across
the stony road. To tho north-east lay
:i dense jungle, from which nt intervals
came the roar of a hyena or tho wild,
laugh of its lesser brother the jackal
The moon, shining down upon the
ranks, showed an eagerness upon the
faces of the men; and it shone also
upon the dark passes and crags of tin
mountains ahead—the mountains which
held somewhere in their fustnosses a
mati almost a maniac in his lust for
revenge, followed by men scarcely a
whit  less wild.
There is a silence in the hills on the
north west frontier which is heavy and
ppresslvo, ami speaks of danger—a sil-
nce which tears at the heart of a man
nd   makes   him   prematurely   old   and
grey.   Men have been known to go mad
after spending a night alone upon the
north-west pnsses.
As they entered the defile which led
into tho heart of the hills there came
no sound to tho men save tho steady
tramp of their own feet, aud occasionally a soft sibilunco from the rising
Three miles in thu pass, midway up
the side of the hills, they cuiuc upon a
plain, and here Colonel Davant camped
for tlie night. Tents were put up, and
men posted on sentry duty. . For this
purpose tlie colonel chose the smartest
in his little force, for he knew the
dangers of the hills and the cunning
uf !he man against whom he was lighting— a ferocious cunuii.g, which had
earned him amongst the natives the
nnmo "Son of a Wolf,"
That night Tressider stood at the
entrance of his tent and viewed for the
first time that which to men who have
witnessed it can never bo effaced—the
darkness of the north-west frontier,
and its gradual awakening as dawn
breaks over the hills.
Within the next twenty-four hours he
had taken his first lesson iu the art of
guerrilla warfare. Before reveille had
been sounded the enemy were sniping
the camp from unseen 'shelter. Little
puffs of smoke occasionally told of the
position of a native, but most of tlie
rifles only told of their presence by tit
sharp explosion nnd rattle of the lead
ngainst the rocks,
"Smokeless powder!" said the colonel with raised eyebrows.
In a quarter of an hour the tents
were struck, the transport mules loaded,
and the men on the march.
Colonel Davant divilcd his force into
three. One he sent farther up the defile in a westward direction, the second
he sent south, whilst the largest proportion of men he himself led in a
northerly direction towards Chitral,
whore ho judged the rebel Sudnr Khan
had his strongholds. Third in command,
ho took witn him Alan Tiessidor.
"Vou'ro in for your baptism, my
boy,'' he said as tho Hues of men
swung past them.
Tressider's eyos flashed; ho was borne
away by the excitement of the moment.
It was during tho hours of loneliness
that his fenr of cowardice entered his
soul and took possession. In the din
of marching men his mind had no room
for it. Tho look ou his face deceived
Colonel Davant., "A mother's idle
fancy," he said to himself, thinking of
what Lady Tressider had said. "A
lelicate lad perhaps, but a bom soldier,
is all Hip Tre«sider<« are."
As they entered the gorgo which led
up a steep gradient to the northeru
rungu of hills, the foreo met with a
heavy sniping. Instantly Colonel Davant spread out his men, und, firing as
I they marched, they returned the fusil
lade. Each puff of smoke from thi
hills und a dozen rifles spoke in reply.
"Got him!" suid a Tommy with
gruesome enthusiasm as a white-robed
figure toppled with a shriek from some
crag above them, and bounding frum
rock to rock, fell nt their feet a lifo-
less, unrecognizable mass.
lu a few moments the firing ceased,
and   tho   silence   which   followed   was
more terrible than tho "ping, ping!"
of bullets upon the  rocks,
Tho Colonel, riding level with Tressider, saw him glance anxiously from
side to side. Above them on either
hand towered the grey bills of the
northern frontier, silent and threatening, holding no onu knew what amidst
their thousand hidden paths.
The colonel knew the hills; but even
he,   who   had   travelled   through   them
before, fen beneath  their spell,  which
turns a  man's  blood  to  water.
Tho road wound up before thorn, between the hills, like a thread reaching
almost to the sky.
"Another two miles," said the colonel, "and we shall havo left this be
hind  us."
"Thank God!" murmured Tressider
to himself. ^^^^^
Colonel Davant had spent five yours
of his life on the frontier—five years
spent; in quelling a series of native re
hellions, when no man knew what the
next hour might bring forth. Those
five years hud turned his hair grey, but
they had taught him many things, and
he knew the hills second only perhaps
to Sudar Khan himself. He pointed to
where a shaft of light breaking across
the path showed an opening in the
defile. "We turn up that path," ho
said; "it is a sheep-track winding up
to tho summit."
Ten minutes brought them to the
spot. A sharp order, and the men
wheeled to the left. Ab he came
sight of it, the colonel looked up the
path through his glasses. Misgivings
filled his mind. He knew the lulls, and
he knew the ways of tho men who lived
amidst them. But ho kept silence, and,
Tressider by his side, led tho column
up tho slope.
A few hundred yurds, and from somewhere came a voice issuing a command
in the native tongue. In answer a thousand rifles spoke, and the bullets fell
upon the advancing party liko hail on
a stormy day. j
The colonel's fears had been realiz
ed.   He turned and faced tho men. Already   a   score   lay   upon   the   ground,
writhing in their agony.
"Boys," ho said, "follow me!"
And he leapt up the slope.
With a  cheer,  their  ranks thinning
every moment, his grey bend their ori
flnmmo, the Seventy-Sixth followed him.
They would have followed him to thi
gates of Hades had he asked.
A few moments, with the bullets
pouring around them, and the foremost
men gained the heights. Already the
nutives were in flight. Tho soldiers
wore intoxicated; the lust for killing
was iu tlieir blood; a mad desire to
avenge their comrades who bad fallen
filled their hearts. Fixing their bayonets as they ran, they turc aerosB the
■ On the summit of tbe path, at the
point, where it widened into tlie plain
beyond, stood a small aperture leading
into a cave cut from the rock itself.
Colonel Davant had seen two white-
robed figures passing through tho opening, one of whom he recognized. ;
"Follow me," he suid to tho figure j
at his side, without knowing who it
was. "Sudar Khan himself is in that
Stealthily he crept to the side of the
aperture, then turned to his companion.
"Vou. Tressider," he said. "Good!"
lie held a revolver in his hand. "As
soon as t have fired I am going in. Follow me ns closely us possible. If we
are uot hidden in the smoke of my revolver, they will shoot us as they see
against, the skyline.'!.
A moment, and he fired three shots
iu rapid succession, right in the mouth
of  tho  cave.
"Now!" he whispered, and clutched
Tressider *s arm.
Quickly and silently tho two. men
crept iu, and, crouching ou hands uud
knees almost, moved to the right if the
entrance. Thero was' no unswering
shot;  the smoke had  hidden  them.
Then, deep in the shadow, they waited, knowing that somewhere in the
darkness two men were waiting for
them—waiting for some sign of thour
Slowly the nioments dragged by, To
Tressider they passed like hours. No
sound came from tho outside air. With
iu there was nought but a heavy silence,
one pregnant with danger.
He felt figures moving towards him
out of tho darkness; every second he
expected to feel a hand upon his throat.
A wild desire seized him to shriek, to
lo anything, to rush into the darkness
and grapple wilh tho unseen foe—any-
" 'ng to break the awful tension. He
pped the butt of his revolver aud
liit liis lip.
"Sternly!" whispered the colonel, his
fnco barely six Inches away.
Tho hot breath upon his cheok made
Tressider start, and tho colonel gripped
his arm/
"Steady!" he whispored again, "or
we are lost!"
Still the moments passed by in a
dead, heavy silence.
"God!" whispered Tressider through]
his clenched teeth,
His imagination had run riot; every
second he could feel the enemy coming
nearer to him out of tho darkness, nearer aad nearer, until he could almost see
their forms silhouetted against the
blackness. Intently his ears were
strained to catch tho slightest sound,
until the cavern seemed filled with
voices and wild laughter. Sudden 1;
unable to bear the strain any longer,
he raised his revolver und fired twice
A scream told that one of bis shots
had found a target. For n second his
face was illumined by a ray of flame,
nnd with a grunt of satisfaction Sudar
Khnu raised his rifle.   ■
"Phew!" whistled the colonel. The
shot had struck him in the fleshy part
of his le.t arm.
Por a second the whole euyorn was
lighted up. revealing Sudar Khan hend-
ing low over the sight of his rifle, and
by his Hide, lying upon tho ground, the
bo*'" of another nntive.
With a wild  shout, Tressider  leapt
aid    tho   colonel.
forward, nud befoTe the light completely died away the colonel saw him spring
at tho throat of the rebel chief.
Then came darkness, and tho sound
of two men wrestling in' a death-grip.
The colonel heard the shuffling of their
feet upon the ground, the short, hard
breathing ns of men strained to the
utmost of human power.
"The young fool," ho mutterod, and
stood  waiting,  revolver in  hand.
For five minutes the fight continued,
while tne men swayed and wrestled
upon the floor. Once they wero ulmost
within arm 's-reach, and he buw their
figures dimly outlined. Then they passed away from him again to a distant
part  of tho cave.
Throttle him, Tressider," he culled
out once. "It is your only chanco. He
has the strength of a dozen."
It. was not for him to know thnt till/
man he counselled had been driven t(i j
the verge of insanity by the lensioil
of liulf-anhour, and that his was thdl
strength of a madman.
Suddenly there came the sound of a
heavy fall, followed by a series of
sharp knocks, aa of someone beating
another's head against-the stone floor,
Then Tressider's voico, "I've killed
lim, colonel."
"Thank    God,"
' Where ure yonf'
"By his side.    I'm done for.
stabbed mc through the lungs.1
The colonel groped his way across
tho cavo, and, stumbling over a body,
lit a mutch. Sudar Khan lay on the
floor, his neck broken. By his side lay
Tressider, blood flowing from a. wound
in  his right shoulder.     •        i
Gently the colonel picked him up and
enrried him into the open air,
Tressider's eyos wero, glazing as tho
colonel knelt by his side.
"I'm no good as a soldier," he mutterod. "I've no more nerve than a
Then he closed them. Alan, the last
of the Tressiders, hnd been under fire
for the first and last time.
Three days later the insurrection was
over, and on the fourth Colonel Davant
led his force back into Peshawur. Ou
the plateau, by tho entrance to the
cavern, rested a small wooden cross,
with the initials "A.T." aud tho date, i
Ten days Inter Colonel Davant ap-'
plied for leave, and on reaching England went straight to see Lady Tressider.
"I'm ashamed to meet you madam,''
he said, bending low over her hand,
"for I have betrayed my trust."
"You could not help it," 'she an-
BWered, smiling bravely. '''But tell
me, how did the Inst of the Tressiders
dief I hope he died as a man, not as
he always feared lie might. It will
help me t'o bear my sorrow better.
"Madam," replied the colorel, "he
died as a hero, saving my life/':
And    Colonel    Davant    looked    her
straight in the face.
"Thank yon," suid Lady Tressider.
"And may God forgive me the lie,"
said the colonel to himself.
■however, with a Bupremo effort, nerv
jug himself as ho realized thaf.. to win
much one must dare much, ho.spoke-T-
softly'aud with a quaver in hisvoicci
"Muriel,'' he said.
"Yes, Harold," replied tho girl, wav
g her Watteau fan gracefully to ami
"Do you-'-do you—like me, Muriel!'
he went on,
"Indeed I do, Harold," she; replied
"What* a funny, question! Why: should,
n't I like you? Youiire humlsome,, witty
courteous, and one of the best •dancers-
of the Boston I ever met." -,
"You do not object very strongly, d(
you, to having, me nrouud ?" he pro
ccodod. , , . ,
"No, indeed, Harold," she replied
You are really ono of the must con
venient ot such' modern social ounvOu
lance's as 1 am blessed with fcliu't 1 know,
of. Vou take mo to the .Opera;'' Yon
take me to the theatre, and somotimet-
when poor lillle .Muriel, because of hei
advancing years, is iu dancer of becom
ing a wollltower, it is you, dear Harold.*
who Invariably turn,.up ut the critics'
moment and p'luVk the' faded little flow
er from the trellises of jioglcct.
"Then, Muriel,"■ he whispered;, pas
sionately, I .may consider .myself a—
*r—a man after your own heart?"
"hmtirelv so, Harold, entirely so,'
she whispered, giving his arm a gentle
little tap with her fan. "When I sin
how splendidly you enrry a platter of
chicken salad on your wrist, n saucer of
ice-cream on your forearm, a flomi-taSW
or cup of care frappo hanging from yoit'
little finger with the cake basket ii.
your othor hiuid, without spilling a
thing in theso overcrowded functions,
how could I deny that you are a mati
after my own heart?"
"That being' so, sweetheart;" In
cried, "will you be mine?"
"Ah, Harold dear, that is andtkei
story—I fear, dear, that may not be,"
she answered.
But why?" he cried. "If,-as yot
say, I am a man after your own heart
- "Yes,   Harold,"   sho   said,   gently;
'but you know, dear, there's another
man after it who can give you n one
lap start on^any track-and beat you to ft
And Harold went out into the night,
muttering to himsolf words which show
ed that at heart he was uot a gentle
1'tUE Orontes flowed into tho Tiber,
says thu Latin satirist, and all
the debilitating vices of Asiatic
corruption were permitted to sap tho
vigor and destroy tho Sabine strength
of Rome, Oue of the greatest social
iiirses of the Far East in our own day
hus been tho use of opium, but tin
Chinese are arousing themselves ut this
moment to repress it. As the Ephe
Minus burnt tlieir books of magic, so
tho Chinaman is burning his long-loved
ipium pipe and teach ing his sons to
ollow those methods of athletic training pursued in tho United States and
not practicable excepting with habits
of temperance and of abstinence, But
Atttioch, while pouring her corruptions
into Italy, did not abandon them for
herself. Tho exact contrary is the case
with tho Celestial Empire, China gives
up opium, but infects Loudon and Paris
wilh a passion for tho poppy. We read
in tho Paris Tour du Monde that in
the Fast End of London, notably tho
Limchouso Causeway, there
"sumptuous smoking-rooms'
"Here, amid the fragrant smoke of
scent-boxes, amid the luxury of damask
curtains and fine rugs, in tho dim light
of liiatiy-colored lanterns, citizens, some
nf thorn prominent in the ait and politics of free England, como to drug
themselves at the price of twenty or
thirty shillings an evening. They become intoxicated with that opium,
damnable stuff, the use of which should
certainly be reserved to the Celestials,
The Loudon County Council heard of
Ihe growing abuse through tho papers
nd decided by a resolution that tlnjse
[iium dens were to be abolish od in tlje
nurse of 1010. The resolution remains
unfulfilled to this day—a piece of Platonic legislation which ends in nothing,
like so mnny good resolutions. Por the
Chinese quarter of London, West India
Dock Road and 1.iniehnu.se Causeway,
still goes on ils tranquil way and the
divine weed, tho 'soveieign drug,' still
brings nepenthe and dreams to its votaries,  whntever their color."
are  many
IN tbe distant ballroom tho merr*
strains of a mud Hungarian valst
were sounding upou the midnight
air. Half a hundred young people
filled with the wine of youth, wort
dancing the hours away in a whirl of
joyous gnyety. Even as in the poot>
lines, there was a sound of revelry, and
again   soft   eyes   looked   love   to  eye*
' ich spoke again.   Here in the quief
of the conservatory sat Muriel, the fair
sweet Muriel, not a debutante of thit
season, it is true, but still as freshB
lovely  iu  her  maidenly  charms as oi.
that rare night throe seasons gone by
when  she  too, like  hor  sister  Yvonne
tf'Ight, was the iciitrc of all t.'.'is romi
and  gladsome rout.    As she fat there ;
under the rose-bushes  the roses them j
selves   alternated   between   glances   of'
jealousy and soft caresses.    Jealous of
her beauty wero they, yet still enamor
ed of her charm; and on their stalks
rising proudly from between tlieir frond
ed guards the whitest of lillies wero en
vlous of the purity of her check.    Ai
her side Harold gazed, e-ntrnneed witl
this rare vision of loveliness; and hu
lieiirt beat; madly as he thought of tb*
possibility   that  to   him   might   be  in
trusted tho care of that fair spirit for
ever, although deep iu  his heart werr
misgivings as he realized  his own tin
worthiness,    By turns  courageous and
fraid,  he  hesitated   to  put   tho question that would consign him cither ti
life of estatic happiness or to day*
of   dull   and   da-k   despair     Kindly.
PERHAPS of all the out-of-the-way
parts of tho world; tlje-South Sea
Islands have tho greatest1 fascination to the stay-at-home Englishman.
Romantic and sensational fiction writers have woven mnny utrango stories
round these islands,' but although they
have proved interesting rending, they
havo created many erroneous and misleading Ideas with regard to the manner in which the inhabitants of these
islands live. *
A new book, "Melanesians and Polynesians," has been written by a gentleman who has spent many years of
his life in the South Sea Islands, and
mixed a great deal with the 'inhabitants. > ;;„ •
In interesting fashion he gives
tailed  account  of  the  islanders
tiers,  customs,   superstitious,
aud  morals, a somewhat delicate task
when ono considers that little civilization has yet found its way to the wild
tribes who inhabit this portion 'of the
In fact, ia his zeal for detail, the
writer has included iu his book the
description of several native customs
which are likely to give, offence, and
might well have been dispensed with
without in any way lessening tne value
of the work.
Both cannibalism and polygamy are
practised by the natives of tho islands,
and iu some directions their morals
would scarcely pass muster in n civil
ized community. Iu some parts of New
Britain the natives have very queer
ideas ou matrimony. Amongst other
practices is ono of plucing young women in strict seclusion before mar-
iago by imprisoning them in cages for
several years, until-they reach a mar
riageable' state.
The writer describes how on one. occasion he inspected n number of'these
human cages. The atmosphere insijle
them wns hot and stifling. •*»
He says: ■    ■
"The cage was quite clean and contained nothing but a few slmrt lengths
of bamboo for holding wator. The'ro
was only room for a girl to sit or lie;
down in a crouched position on tine'
bamboo platform, and when fhe doors
are shut it must be nearly dr..quite
dnrk inside, Thoy are never allowad
to come out except once a (lay to bathe
in a dish or wooden bowl placed close
to each cnge. They are placed in th
stifling cages when quite young, and
must remain there until they are youn<_'
women, when they arc taken" out and
have each a great marriage feast pro
vided for them."
lu parts of the South Soa Islands tin
natives indulge in cannibalism, but this
custom is mot so much due to the de
genoracy r,r the scarcity of animal food,
but is generally practised ns a kind df
religious rile, nud often to discharge
au obligation to the splrils of the
dead. ,
"The human body " .(states' tho author of tho book) "is cooked in the usual
cooking place. Pig is forbidden to be
cooked in an oven common to the family, because tho flesh of the pig is forbidden to members of the Iniat Society
(a powerful native organization), but
this does not apply to n man killed, no
that the body may be cooked .in the
ordinary oven.- No special vAss'ols or
implements are used and either sex can
ent it. The natives speak in a jocular
way of a fat man as "i laruan," i.e..
good for eating, but, with all this, there
is still a difference recognized by them
between the eating of the humnn body
nnd that of nay other animal. Por in
stance, the man who is cutting up a
body will tie something over his mouth
and nose dining the operation to keep
the spirit of the dead from entering
into him. For the same roason when n
body is being eaten .the doors of the
bnu«ei are shut, and afterwards the poo
pie all shout, blow horns, shake spears,
etc., to frighten away the ghost or
ghosts of the man or men they have
"In the Short la nds group, Solomon
lfllnnda, there is a small rocky islet in
the port to which the natives take any
person they may capture a'ntF'fcill Iti'm'
there. They do'not liko to kill anyone
n the village for fear of the spirit of
the dead man making 'trouble- after
wards. Many people also on the Duke
bV YoTk Island wertk .very frightened
when a liu/nan body was being cooked,
and would hot, go arid look at the body, '
aud many, also, especially boys nud
■girls, refused to eat it.".
As will be seen, tbe natives are extremely superstitious. They believe in
powers of magic, and indulge largely
in religious rites. In'some parts the
natives would n'ev*.'pass along a road
i'*-go t.hVough'* WflugV,; -where a dead
chief was tyfpg. N\» fishuig was al
lowed," or ciluoes would' net travel on
the lagoon adjoining tho village, and
other practices were carefully avoided,
owing to the fuct that tho spirit of
the deoouS'id chief was believed to still
haunt'the village.
■ "Other1 prohibitions were probably
only marks, of respi'd, such as that forbidding anyone to stand up to bteor or
pilot a canoe or boat when passing a
chief's house,- or to sing when going
through ciitain passages in the reef,
tt was also forbidden to stop over the
leg of another individual, <>r to throw
anything over the head ol' another, A
man would express most violent rage if
unyoke, oven in jest, threw or sprinkled
wa'rw on the head of 'his child. The
angciv wus so gn'iiit thnt' il is diflicult
to account for it, except; on tho suppos
ition thut some evil meaning was attached to the action. An umbrella.carried open'past the house of a chief was
a great insult.'' 'V
lirsome directions the-morals of the
South Sea Is)amloi*s archery lax, but
in others they have a very strict moral
code; which few natives have the eour
ago to violate.
"Suicide wns neither praised nor condemned. They thought that a man
could do what he pleased with himself.
Maiming . wus, of course, considered
proper in war. In times of peace, however, it was generally confined to a
broken hend inflicted by a husband on
bis. wife, or by carpenters on follow
craftsmen for transgressing some rules
of the trade. Au assault committed by
one man against another was consider
ed to bo simply a matter between them
selves and their relatives. Theft and
fraud were in most cases only consider
ed ns offences against'the perBon in
jured,       .     '
'CThcating.and lying were'condemned
offences ngainst mora>ity, but were
often practised. Laziness, dirtiness,
either of the person or the house, gos
silting, nnd tale-beariug were nnivers
ally condemned."
HIGH' rents cojused Hy congestion of
. population (.and) the high eost of
,' . .liv^fig are'the chief causes of ex-
tehsive 'poverty In New'York City, according t'o*a ruport prepared by Alderman Cnllaghan, chairman of the Committee on Charities of tho City Congestion Commission. The report, deals -
at length with the charity work now
being carried on aud endeavors to point
out wherein funds are not being used
to the best advantage. The document
bus been submitted to Mayor Gaynor,
One person in every nine of the total
■■■*—•   : g public  charity
. from the city or
a semi-public institution. The commit-
too has examined nearly all dim impor-
populatioii is,, receiving
iu  sonio'Tdrm/ e.ither*',fn
a semi-public institution.
too has examined nearly ..... tuu unpin-
taift public and private charity institn
tious and places tho mimbeis of persons
receiving aid at SOO.OOQV'^he daily as
sistaricia ranges from frnftity-llve cents
a family to $2 a persoji. Seven of-the
large relief societiest«T Manhattan flnd
Brooklyn are giviujrassistance to*54,-
031 families, num Moving ;iJ5,fi!).i persons,
Tho committee d»s not consider medi
cal care as charity. ,
The estimate is that tho total expenditure fqr*'chaiities in this city from
private sources, the municipality, -nnd
tho slatejs about $35,000,000 a year.
Emphasis is laid by the committee
upon the fact that charitable insti
tutions aro located iu congested sections of Manhattan and Brooklyn, where
land values are the highest. If these
institutions were placed in the rural
districts the cost of maintenance would
bo reduced, it is asserted, nnd the income derived by tho city from the expensive property would go a long way
toward caring for the city's poor. The
assessed valuation in 1910 of the charitable institutions iu Manhattan alone
is placed at $.l2,87o,400, of which sum
#80,432,850 is for (and.
Ia the opinion of the committee the
city could provide car fare to its public institutions in remote sections with a
mall fraction of the income from the
laud now used for public charities.;
As an illustration the work of the
city farm colony on Statcn Island is
described. This colony includes sever
al hundred acres under cultivation aud
makes the institution partly self-sus
talning, For the juice of one building
lot in Manhattan, whore many public
institutions are now located, acrcF
could be purchased ia Statcn Island,
with   tho   result   that
more   doHiralilu
sites could be obtained at u small per
ceutago of tin; present cost, the report
Tho views of many experts in cbnr
Hy work have beeu obtained by thli
committee. Prederick D, (ireen, of the
New York Association for Improving
the Condition of the Poor, stated thai
a large part of the money spent by the
charities of tho city is made necessary
by congestion and low wages, Robert
W, Hibbard, secretary of the State
Board of Charities, attributes the larg
est part of tho expenditure for tho re
lief and prevention of diseases tn over
crowding in tenement houses. Dr. \V
H. Park, of the Department of Health,
stated that ns long ns people wero per
mitted to occupy dark rooms there
would be about ten thousand death-* 'i
year from tuberculosis and tiO-OOO »jpw
cases a year.
It is estimated that there are 340,000
persons who are ill at nil times In Now
York';,and for these about four hnn
dred institutions provide relief. In
spite of this provision, however, it is estimated that 30,000 persons die nnnftal
ly from proven tilde diseases duo.
^ack of care.  ' |[; j
,v','The cauites for poM^jr/ijt
§f nppl&atiQU for aid Me 'tfe(
afcely aimier   force ,hcad;
lie tim*
3 scpar-
 .^e* most
common cause is low wages; hign eost of
living^ nnd high rents. T/he second di
vision, of causes includes sickness, accident, and uncertain employment. The
s old age, desertion, imprison-
non support,    and    non^employ-
ing more than two In a room, and there
are 20,000 who live six or more in #
room. ..•
Horseshoeing a Specialty
Third Ave., Oumberli
Third St  & Penrith Avenue
Get in at Original Prices.
C.A. Powell
Post Cards, Views & Portraits
Price* Reasonable.
Local Agent for
The London & Lancashire
Fire Insurance Co.
Oet rates before insuring elfe
Office: Cumberland
VI kinds of hauling done
First-class Rigs for Hire
Uvory and team work promptly
attended to
NOTICK is hereby given that sll va-
otiat Crown landa lint already under rteerte, •.tawed »«*> *" b'"""1"-
ri« of the Land Reonrdini! Wrttkna; <f
Csribon snd UHomit, and tlui *»>."»" Ps
DitUion of Ysle Land R"" •'«»,l! T>,J
trict, ere  reserved ••""> ""* »lie"""""
under the "Lend Act" except by pre-tm
RoMHT   *    RKNWtUK
Deputy Minuter ef Lands
Depsrtmsnt of Lsndt.
Vietorie, B. 0., April 3rd .   1911
TV T.I.IC NOTICE it hereby given,
1« thut, under the authuli y contain
al in teation 131 of the "Laand Act," h
emulation hit been approved by the
Lieutenant U avernor in Council in tin-
iil|( ihe minimum aale price, nf firat tnd
woni'd-clats laud, at (10 aud to per acre
Thia leg.ilat'im further prnvidet that
tha pneet tixtad therein ahtll apply ta.
all landa with reaped ha which Ihe ap-
plicaii ii ti. purchiate it given fsvonrabe
waiiaideraiion after this date, notwith
standing the date of auch applioatiou pr
any delay that may have oecured In the
oonaidor'ttion of the same.
Further notice ia hereby Riven thtt
>all pursuits who have pending applications taa purchaae landa under the tira vi
■iont if seclinni 34 or36 aif the ' Land
Aoi." and wliaa are not willing to complete auch purchaaet und. r the price, fixed by the aforetaid regulation shall be
at liberty to withdraw tuch application and receive and refund ot tuoneyi
aleposi-ed on account of tuch »i plica!-
Miniiter of Lands.
Department of Landt,
Victoria, B. 0 . April 3rd, 1811. •
\0 %
|>oo6 §oD!
Wis Dob.
DUNSMUIR   i   :   :   AVENUE
i ■■    ■■ ■
Notice of Examination
NOTICE ia hereby given, that Ex-
animations sill be held fur First
Second-, and Third claw Certificate! ol
Competency under the provitiont of the
"Cainl Mine. Regulation Aot," «t Ns.
maim , Fa rnie, Cumberland, snd Mar
rit, on Ihe 9th., 10., and 11th., day.
of May, loll, commencing at ft o'clock
in the forenoon.
The aulajeots will be at follows:—
First Class Candidates
Mining Act and Special Rules,
Mine Oases
General Work
Mine Machinery
Second Class Candidates—
Mining Act and Special Rules
Mine Gate
General   Work
Third Class Candidates—
Mining Act and Special Rulea
Mine Gaaet and Geiirtl Work
Applicaiiona mutt be made hi the un
deraigned, mat  laier  than  Wednesday,
M»y 3rd.,   1911,   accompani d  by   thi
aatuary fee at faallaawt: —
By an applicant for Firat-c'att
Examination $10 09
l»y an applicant for Second-clatt
Kxaniination $10 00
By an applicant for Third-claii
Exaniinatioii — •   $6 00
The applicntiona mutt be accompanied
hy aariginal tettimaaiiiala and evidenca
fataatiiat! that:
(a) —If a candidate for a Firtt Clau,
ihat ia- ia a Britah Subjec and hat hao
. le»at live yean' experience in or ab-
aiui tue practical workings of a cos'-
mine, and is at leatt iweuty live yean
nl age,
(a)- If a candidate for Second Claw,
that he haa had at lesst five years ex-
, a nonce in or about the practical work
ingt of a coal-mine:
(ii)-lf a candidate for Third Clsst,
that he haa had at least three yerrt ex
perienue in or about the practical work
inga uf a coal mine:
(ia)-A candidate for a Certificate of
Compel iency as Manager, Over-man,
Shiftboat, or Shotlighter, shall forward
a certificate from a medical practitioner
duly ipialflied to practioo as such in the
I'aovince uf Britith Columbia, showing
that ho haa taken a course in ainbulen
ce work fitting him, tha said candidate,
to give firat aid to persons in cost mine
ing opairatinna.
By order of the Board.
Nanaimo, B. C.,
January 21st, ln.ll.
'S-KJ-v-'tYV.^ei, i^ASS
Crockery -      ^
Etc., ete.fR
A nice line of Iron Bedstead?.^!
$4. - $40. „
just  arrived Sn
-Lr^utrXw^7^/•*>'-* ''J-4' a>tt3       ,^Vj' ■. .-v i^^ *V* ■ah)'-* fc/WaVv-3Le/
«GOOD —-
in the
Next door to Royal Bank, opposite Post Office
Capital $8,200,000.
Reserve (7,000,000
Drafts Issued In any currency, payable nil over- the world
hlgheat ourrent rates allowed on deposits of 91 and upward*
CUMBERLAND, B.C., Brunch -   -   -     OPEN DAILY
H. F. Montgomery, Manager
have recently received
a carload of
Carriages «fc
aw/ are. prepared to quote you ftowert
Price* nnd Reel Terms   :   :   ;   '   •
Give us a cnll
McPhee &


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