BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The Islander Jan 6, 1912

Item Metadata

Download

Media
cumberlandis-1.0342400.pdf
Metadata
JSON: cumberlandis-1.0342400.json
JSON-LD: cumberlandis-1.0342400-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): cumberlandis-1.0342400-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: cumberlandis-1.0342400-rdf.json
Turtle: cumberlandis-1.0342400-turtle.txt
N-Triples: cumberlandis-1.0342400-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: cumberlandis-1.0342400-source.json
Full Text
cumberlandis-1.0342400-fulltext.txt
Citation
cumberlandis-1.0342400.ris

Full Text

Array FY
1 ti
Corsets.
Wo havo all tha now
and favored moduli. Sou
will find what, you want
here at from $1.50 to $3.00.
CAMPBELL BROS
f
(j
7
i &/ A'v*^   /f*t'
Wivvu^
**;
1 Mtt Q    *\
7 ^
P. c*
V.\
/
HOSIERY.
A large stock of heavy
ililit'd caalimeres just. in.
Qualities the very Ix'st to
Iii- lmd.
CAMPBELL  BROS.
N.i. fM
TIIK [SLANDER. CUMUKULAND, B.C., SATURDAY, JAN.. C   1913
Subscription price $1.50 per yacr
*»**>*»•»» *>*>■» »»•> 'l-«i--i>- -*.<>-.>-*.<*,.,
ilSPLENDIfl PROGRAM AT
ST. GEORGE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH
M\ City of Gambsrland:
I take the liberty of iigiin presenting myself a- a cindi-
diit.' for Mayor nl the forthcoming election.
If my tenure of ofllco, during the past tan month' In.
met with your approval 1 again solioit your vote and jr..
fluenoo formy return us Mayor for 1'JIl', assuring you that
1 shall use my host cull..avors to protect ilie interest*; of all'
Yours sincerely, »
John N. McLeod
The Sunday School Entertained at Supper, followed by an Enjoyable Program
of Music aud Recitation.
On Tuesday nvening, Jfinunry 2n i
tho Su/iduy school of Si. George'i
Pri-al.yter.an church held iheir nnim-
;il Christmafi entnrlainWnfc. A slight
digression was innde in the arrange-
menu, tnstead uf iIk> usual present9
| the children were L'tifcrtained at u
I supper in the basement of the
rcli from 5 lo 7 p. m.    About 10(1
sat (I'.wn
, i chililren with their tout
11 to 'i rrp'tft ut satnlwiches, cakes, jellies
(* anil tea. At 8 o'clock in the church.
' ''which was filled Mill, parents and
friends, h very enjoyable program wus
The Bund deutroa to tlumk the oiiiss
tMis for their very liberal contributions on
Ohristttma ami New Y.-.n*. Thero hill
bi agenerftl meeting nf the members in
thu Council Ollaiubors ihia evening For
the purpose of eluptiug iflicora for th
yciir.
Mr. White Duonbmg, sales malinger
furthe Geo.A. FieioberMu-icCo., of
jS'.tifiiiiin, wiih ii visitor in Cumb rlnnd
iliii week, cheeking u tho yoflr'a buai-
lu'ss. Mr. Dueeburg will bo here sgaiu
on next pay-day ami will briny the tuuw
Mr. V   A. Thomas.
Mr. Davidson- of thu firm of Smith,
Davidson & Wright, Vnnc'.uver, paid
tlm city a bmiiii-ait vmii t it ih week.
Mr. D. M. Morrison, manager of the
Royal Hunk in this city returned home
from Vancouver thin week, having spent
a most enjuyable holiday with friends in
thit place,
llenevului.ee Lodge, No, 1*1, Knights of
Pythias, lulil their annual hull and supper ou Now Yi'ti.'s niyht. A large number atiiMid-.il. A bounteous Supper whs
served at midnight, and if we nre Informed rightly, there were no less than lif j
Oi tuple wat down At ile tirst tabfe, The
H y orchestra furniuhftt) exotdleut mu i
for the d-iiicera A most enj yab e evening was spent by nil, and the K. nfPs
aiu to be congratulated in pi .vi.hii:
Riu'ti a pleasant evening
Utifurtuaiily wo did nut manage t
#t I un iiUc-'Mit ut ih* t,' urteua) M i
quurade aud the list • f ih<»u •■ ■■ cm n 1
a- ity pi gee, hut U reports be turn, i1»
ball Was a grand tucoess nod waa great!)
enjoyed by all,
Mr. C. Powell win the wlni" r  of   n
ofihuiu keys given away ai the Cum!
erland lid  . n   hint   Haturday ivmiiiip*
thu winning number wai .101;   thent I ei
wat won b) W, ll.iii'i'ti, nuiubei 224.
Nomination day for the citj oluuihiu.
wiil he i.exi M<>ud:iy the 8th [list., -tnd
election day will be on Thursday i);i
11 ti.
Mr. Ili.r.y Willi in-, Oi v riitmml Til-
egwph uperato , returned home u lu>i
Tuesday evening, from Duncans, nt
which place lie spent Christinas with
Mt.'i. Williams,
The Ladies uf tlm Meth.did Olturcl
will hold tnoir Annual Saluuf W. tk nm
Coooeri on March 19th ano 20 h,
FOR SALE—Two months old pgn
84 00 unch,,delivered at Uurub) Islam
Wharf. Apply Robert Sullau, H.*mbj
Island.
LUST-On Tuesday, n fur, between
Oumberlaiid and Happy Valley. Findm
please luavo same at Thu Ulamlui < (lice
foi Mis Alex Cray,
Mr, and Mrs. John Mil! returned tt
their home yesterday, after «t I n 0
woolts' visit with relatives hero.
The Church of England served sup-
pet'from fi to 7 to tbo children, There
wus al-o a very plettsltig pi'Ogain mid a
Cl ristiniiH treo,
Tho management of (he t'umhrrlnnd
lli.ll moving |iicture r-how 1ms ihn-igu*
ruled a urn wing con test, a number
is given away with every tiokot. You
Bland achimce of getting ti $6.00 pair
uf boots.
1 buy and sell Clevtd nd, Mnsaey-Har*
ils. Perfect tuid C ea ent Bicycles, ala<
Kiiua, ml. 1 nnd st iv«a. ' Tommy's Bicycle Sbup, 3rd Street, hex 360, Cumbrj
l.n.d, li. 0.
KOU SALE—40sucking   pigs,   $4.00|
•(.■ii.    Apply  U ibert   Sollan,   Hornby |
[aland.
I  LOVE  MY TAMALES,
Bul  Oh; you M' ;it pie!    At the Gum-I
be'rhtml Cufe,    The heal  in town. Tin-
place where Homo made broad i* s<
RrCITAnDSAJACK
The B. 0. Garage and  Machine Sh.j
ir auto and gns enifiue supplim uud   re*
All tho littlo folks did their p rts
nicely nnd are well worthy of praise.
Special mention, however, should be
madoof the song of tho P< tter girls
and the "llosobud Drill," which
brought d< wn fli- house, All tho
grow-upsdid splendidly. Miss Hender
•■nu'- reading of "Killarney" wus par-
I tiuulurly effective The songs nf Messrs
Irish mid Lewis, a aongof the sea and
"The Village HI: cksraith:" were up.
preeiated. The Anthi'in, by tlie elioii
and fin quartette of the baud; both
under the able leadership of Mr. Low-
is, were thorou [lily enjoyed,
Fi [lowing i  the program rendered:
Chorus In tho   Light of tho Stars
lifcitation P-iiil   Mundnn
Dialogue...Counting Out in the City
Chorus...Give us Back our Sstitu Clans
llecitution (.'hiisi.iia   Banuernian
Hoseliud Drill
Ettn and Edith Hood, Christina Mc-
Kiiinon and   Eileen Segrave
Dialogue Dutiful Daughters
Recitation Annie  Mitchell
Song Mr. Irish
Song Vil luge Blacksmith
Mr.    Lewis
Dialogue Dollio's Sad Fall
Song Potter  Sisters
Quartette of the Band
God Save the King
Accnmpnnyists, Miss Whyte, Mr.Parn-
liani.
Thore was ii visit from Santa Clans
at the close of the program.
A good ofToring taken up during the
evening will be devoted to the pur-
aliasing of a library for the Sunday
school.
The children were excellently train
ed, adding much to the enjoyment of
the program, and tlm Indies having
this in charge are deserving of much
praise.
FOR MAYOR.
To the Electors of the City of Cum-
berland:
LADIES AND GENTLEMEN:
Having been requested by a requisition signed by a large
number of electors to offer myself as candidate for Mayor, and
after careful consideration, have decided to accept nomination
I have served you seven years as an alderman. If elected, I
will look after the best interests of the city and citizens, and
will do my duty without fear or favor, notwithstanding what
may have been said to the contrary,
I will address you publicly and go fully into the matter
before election day.
Soliciting your votes and influence for a thorough business
and up-to-date method of conducting the affairs of your city,
1 am Yours Respectfully,
T.   E.   BATE
flMu*Bn"mHnM*m*m*mn*aB
FINE RESIDENCE FOtt SALE
A p,t vi'ii Kidin liouflt. in oxoollant !■ r«
inn, as foMi.ws:—Tlino bedro in*, m!
;hk room, big kitchen, pantry, bslhroon
"iili bathtub, Outside city limit*, Iwi
■its, nil cleared, nrjca 814,B0. This is I
nsn uiul 11 !.i.lcnr'i.l opportunity foranj  ' , ,..,,
V1 1 .-*i»l*Lr kllhltllrv
Miss  Henderson
Antlicni l.y HioClmir
Dialogue Cluss in aoogrnphy
Qui it- "f the Hariri
no in need nf n nice, coinforable homi
pnrtioulsrB  iipply   .it  tho Islsnderj
Diiilngu
WI,
li
11 Mi
KOH SA1.K—One lienvy loftgin;;
horse and hnrnesj.Will Iske payment in
nny thing thut grows upon Ihe runoli,
Apply \V. Donne Comox, 13 C.
LOST—A f*ulil wr.lcli nml chain on
Deoernbei v"th, between P. MoNevin's
Boarding house and the landing to No
7. Finder will be suitably rewarded
for returning Maine to
Elijah   Smituuiiht,
MoNoyin's   lioardiugliou.se
Fun SALE—A Mason it Risohe up-
right piano in first class condit- n.
Cost $-00.00; will sell for $2fiO.CO
null. Apply at Poller's I'ool ooni,
Du'usmuir avenue.
W,lc
MuLunda advertising apace   i x
PREMIER BOSBEN ii 'ME k MEMBER -SE PRIVY COUNCIL
Contest for Control of   Provincial  Government
to bo Victory for Conservatives.
Iii io Fill ft Ki Rule
Charles  Dickens'
Lies Dead in
New York.
I legations tlmt tbe din is  cast
mul ho intends to liyht for the
uonstitutioual monarchy,    He
I expresses belief that the south.
in        I crn republic  movement   soon
■ i-i vutives u ill wm by a   large '
, _ i    ,'  . will disintegrate.
;on majority.
r, .  ..I  |. .   ••   ,,    I   , In addition to doiiatinc a
It is likely to be the last  e- e
...   I i   .  ii        ,   creat sum of money herself to
s*l if ii i lo In' eniiilti 'li il by ojii'ii o
i, ,. ...       •   thu cause, the ISmpress Dowa-
iting.    Lremier Matlueson is '
,  . ' , ,    • ,    , i  ii . mer Ims agreed to order a Inrei
pledged to introduce a liallot °
London, Jan. 'J.- The New
Years honor list this year is
unusually short, Premier Bor-
Vii is made n member of the
Imperial l'iivy Council.
Will Oo Ccnsei'Vatlve.
Halifax, N. S.—The Prince
.'.ilwiinl Island electio cniii-
naign ends tomorrow with the
voting, li Ims been a greal
i outest throughout, despite the
general opinion that the  Con
law before another general e-
lection conn s round, The last
open vote will serve to make
tomorrow s election notable.
Manohus to Fight for Oonstltu*
tioni;l Monarohy.
Paris, Jan. •'!.- -The Peking
correspondent of the Paris edition of the New York I [erald
.ays a fight to a finish between
the North and the South in
i li na apparently is inevitable
Yuan Shi Kai bus notified the
contribution from tbe hordes of
the Mauchu princes.
Dickens's Son Dead
Xew York, Jan. 3.—Alfred
Tennyson Dickens, the eldest
surviving son of Charles Dickens, died suddenly of acute indigestion at the Hotel Astor
here late yesterday, Mr. Dickens was in this country on it lee
line tour, He was born iu
London. Ootober 28, L 8 -15.
MEETING OF
THE COUNCIL
Last   Meeting of   the
Year Held Last
Friday.
The last meeting of the council Friday evening was the last
regular meeting of the year.
Mayor McLeod and all the
Aldermen were present. Al-
though it was the last of the
year, nothing special came up
for consideration,
The Mayor reported that the
long-looked for $4,000 for sewer purposes had arrived. Some
three) ears ago there was a sum
of money, three thousand dollars, promised to Cumberland
by the provincial government
for sewer purpose, The days
went by and the years, but no
$3,000 came to gladden our
hearts. Finally in September,
Mayor John N. McLeod and
Mr. Thomas F. Bate were appointed to go to Victoria to
attend to the matter. Thev
called upon Premier McMride
and Prov, Secretary Doctor
Young, Tliey must have had
their winning way with them,
for they returned, not with
three thousand dollars, it is
true, bul with the promise and
assurance that thev should
shortly have four thousand
dollars.   This $4,000 is now at
hand.
A motion authorisin the payment oftheexpense of Mr- Me
Lend and Mr. Bate to Victoria
and return was unanimously
passed.
Mr. P, Acton was appointed
to audit the city books for 1!)11
Tin- folloninu  bills were ordered
Electric   lights  39.lo
Or. Gillespie  10.00
Water  300
T. E. Bate  19.75
Campbell Bros 75
ll, Hornal  ] 00
C. U. Tarbell  9,20
K Grant it Co  1,20
A, McKinnon  5,65
Cumberland News  4.00
Total $471,95
KILLED
1.0.111.
Coal oil	
Setter account	
.?   1.78
Ties Pall on Workman
at Headquarters
Camp.
A distressing accident occur-
at Headquarters camp of Fraser River Logging Company at
f>;:?0 Thursday evening. Dra-
guttan Cetkooish, a Dukabor.
was working near a car loaded
with ties, when the stakes gave
way and the ties fell with a
crash upon the unfortunate
man, crushing and killing him
almost instantly. He died a
few minutes after being gotten
out from under the ties
The body was placed on the
lender of the engine and hurriedly taken to Courtenay.
Dr. Millard met it and had
it placid in a room in the rear
uf the Riverside Hotel to await
the coroner.
Coroner Abrams began the
inquest at 11 o'clock yesterday
morning, but no verdict had
not been rendered up to  this
lliornilirr.
The members of the choir and Sunday .School ti.aclicrs of Ornce Methodist church wore very pleasantly en-
tiitaiiied hy Mr. and Mrs. Dr, Gillespie on Now Year's night
The Grace Methodist church gavo
a very  enjoyable  inngio lantern   nnd
Cliristmiin tree eulerlainiiient Clirist-
37(i.liU 1 urns night. THE ISLANDER. CUMBERLAND. B.C.
;
The Famous Old
City of Barkerville
A Visit to the Centre of the Gold Beit
much more extensive mining, because food, together with a handful of leaves,
There is something tense in tho uir
in the contra) Interior of British Columbia, something expectant. Vou feel
that thu whole country is standing on
tip-tor waiting for the grat revolution. Mysteries bidder, for ages art
about to uo explained. Tho magic of
the railroad is about to discover and
publish abroad the secrets ot' noons.
Nowhere is this air of expectancy
more apparent than in Marker ville—•
tumble-down old Barkerville. its wooden stilts knee-deep iu tbe tailings of'
Williams Creek. It is not in the peoplo you find tho mysterious BUggOBtio.i
—many of them are old*timers, who
live in the past; half of them aro Chi*
lirse, and all Chinese are come-whut
may fatalists. Vou get the impression
from tho place itself, from its battered old buildings cowering in a creek
bottom under the frowning visage of
Old Bttld Mountain. You glean it irom
snowy olil Bald himself, looming up
big and broad and formidable, like a
gigantic bully. Whon Maid Mountain
tells what he knows, the World will sit
Up, for from his pockets has come th"
gold that made Williams (reck in ils
day the richest the world has ever
seen. Men have spent tlieir lives in
quest of the mother lode in Bald Mountain. When Ihey find It—but no more
gf this; oven to talk of such matters
ia to invite an attack of the fatal
gold fever.
It was this gold fever that sent
men stampeding up the Fraser in 'fif'y-
cighl, " roi king' tho sand on tne
river bars higher and higher up until
they reached the QjosnoITo Rivor, Pol-
lowed it up to Koithloy Crook in 1801,
and thence progressed, first to Antler
Creek, and then ' in '62 to Williams
Creek. Barkerville camo into being suddenly and two other towns sprung up
On ihe same creek as pup..toils and
prosperous ns Barkerville, These two
are now buried under many feet of
pebbles.
Williams Creek produced forty million dollars in gold, the record for a
creek of its length, a mile and a half,
or thereabouts. There were 10,niju
people tn Barkerville in '02, making it
bv long odds the largest city in British
Columbia at that time. Now there are
800 or so, half of these are Chinese.
This does not mean, however, that all
the gold lias been taken away, for Bur-
ken ille has been producing steadily for
years ginco '03, and the end is not yet.
The way to Barkerville is by wagon
road from Quesnol, a long, up-hill 00
miles, in fhe first thirteen miles out
of Quosncl you ascend 1,300 feet. With
this auspicious beginning you continue
to ascend until at Barkerville itself
you are about 4,500 feet abovo sea-
level.
Along the rond as you near Barkerville you will see a country devastated
by hydraulic ing. I*. very hillside lias
been washed in quest ot gold, and here
and there you will sec1 all that remains
of once Important mines, for a great
deal of money has been taken into the
Cariboo, as well as taken out.
It is needless lo dwell hen.' upon the
history of mining in fhe Cariboo. At
least one hundred and twenty million
dollars' worth of gold has come from
tlm Barkerville mines. What has beon
sunk in them is also a fabulously large
sum, because mining here is expensive,
more expensive oven than in the Yukon. Then, again, the gold, always capricious, has been even more capricious
bore. The most wonderful finds havo
petered out suddenly, expensive shafts
have boon sunk on golden prospects, only to reveal tho fact that there was no
rich pay at bod-rock. So the Cariboo
Can tell mnny a tale of loss anddisaster.
What we were particularly interested
hi were tho actual operations to-day
in the district ami the prospects for
more rapid development with the advent of the railways. However, it would
be impossible to pass to this commercial feature of the case without, somo
mention of old Barkcrvillo itself.
It is the most amazing town in the
World. Fifty years ago or so, the men
who washed the sands in Williams
Creek baill their shacks beside their
work for eonvonlonco. The people who
follow mining camps build their saloons and da nee halls (dose to tlie
miners' sharks, also for convenience.
The site chosen was in u crook bottom
uiwh-r a mountain, bul that did not
flatter much [o these town builders.
Iv.iiy spring since the town has
been floodod from fin- eroek and another foot or so of tailings added to Ih"
street. Thero was a simple remedy for
this. Bach householder of Barkerville
Bet his house up on stills to escape the
water. When Ihe tailings filled iu still
more deeply, fhe Imuisis had !<> In raised again, and so if continued, until today the buildings at Barkerville, still
on stilts, ate about 30 feet above Iheir
original level, 'fhe confinual jacking
up thoy have rocoivod lias beon bail
for them, and some of thom are uow
tied together with wire rope. In our
hotel the Btraild of Wiro rope passed
through Ihe bedrooms we occupied. It
is a one street town, bounded ou the
creel; side by a large timber breakwater, which must lie repaired each
year to save the life of the town. The
Lowheo and Stout's Gulch mines, operated by Mr. John llopp, are up flu-
creek trout Barkerville, und tt is the
failings from these two claims that
causa the, trouble to-doy.
Tlie word has gone forth that Barkerville must move. Government engineers took a look tit Ihe situation
last, summer and condemned the historic old town. It costs too much to
build and repair breakwntnrs. so
the old city must shift to a city location. Uow or when the move unu ne
made has not been announced, but.
Barkerville is doomed. Before the fatal
Step is taken the Govern men t must
send somebody up to save the historic
records for lis arch"
Tin
ttirt.1    nf
>;ning at
' M'kervillc has always been placer, for
the reason taut n <■> tnu ni.-upe.st. In
the earlier days men went in ami
•"'rocked" the gravel in thi' rreck bottoms, making rich hauls thereby. Later
Camo the big hydraulic plants, working
a monitor, the great hose that sweeps
away Ibe sides of n hill as one would
blow the down from a thistle top.
Hydraulic mining is to-day the main*
gltiv of tho Cariboo, but there nre also
drifting propositions of great import* i
ancu. The drifting is done by sinking a
shaft to bedrock, und from tho bottom
of this shaft running a tunnel through
tao gold-b-mrlug sand abovo bed-rock.
The sand is brought to tho surface and
washed for gold. Very rich quartz
has been found in the district, but tho
quartz industry must remain in abey
anoo until the coming of the railroad.
Although the creeks being worked today havo uot proved us rich as thoso
discovered in earlier times, the possibilities aro just as great. What is
needed is transportation, because ut
present it costs too much to take gold
out. When it costs $!> to extract $10
worth of gold, the profits are not much
greater than in much less romantic
businesses. There are thoso who say
that the resources of the Barkerville
district havo us yet scarcely been
scratched, there being as many unpros-
pected creeks as those that have been
investigated. When railroad transportation makes it cheap ami easy to bring
I in machinery and supplies, the mining
industry will be tremendously accelerated. At present it costs about $0,0 a
ton to bring iu supplies to Barkerville,
the distance being 280 miles from Ash-
croft, the nearest station ou the C.l'.B.
It is probable that hydrnulicing will
still continue to be tbe most importunf
method of mining later on. The grave'
can be handled by this method very
cheaply and in large quantities, a'i.i
the field for operacion in tho Barkerville district is practically unlimited.
At present the must important hydraulic operations are being carried on by
Mr. John llopp at the Forest Rose
mine, Stout's ijitlch, the Lowhoo and
tne Mosquito Creek. Of these the Low-
bee is the heaviest producer, although
actual figures of the year's clean-up
are uot available. Nugget Gulch trid
China Creek are two rich claims managed by B. A. La Sella. Sugar Creek
was operated this season by C. Edwards, oJ' Gran brook. Stewart Creek
has heen hydrauUcod by II. II. Jones,
who also hus claims on Lightning, Donovan and Last Chance Creeks.
The most important drifting proposition in the country is that at Little
\ alley, some three miles from Barkerville. Here the West Canadian Deep
Lead Company, under the management
of Messrs. f-J. 15, and L. A, Bonier, has
installed a vory elaborate plant and
has sunk a shall, to bud-rock. This is
believed to bo tbe old bed of Williams
Creek, and much is expected after the
mine begins to produce. The same company has a mine on Lightning, Creek,
where the hydraulic method is being
used. This is the only mine now being
operatod in the old bed of Lightning
Creek. ,
While wo were on the road to Barkerville there was great excitement caused
by the discovery of pay-dirt at Peter's
Creek, where the Venture Mining Company has been operating on a drifting
proposition. 1'eter 's Creek is one of
the forks of Lightning Creek, which
was second only to Williams Creek in
I the old days, anil a local company has
been working it. for the past three
years. The gold hero is heavy and well
washed, ranging in si/e from flax seed
to ounce pieces. Another rich strike
wus made not long ago at Lower Lightning Creek by the Great Cariboo Gold
Company, which owns about -1 miles of
this creek. It has been operating here
for a number of years.
Although thore are a grent many other mines, either producing or doing development work, those named are at
present the most important. The miner
works under the most appalliug disadvantages, owing to tho high freight
lates. We were shown at the Little
Valley mine, mentioned ubovo, huge
boilers that bad been freighted on
sleighs all the way from Ashcroft at
a cost of so much per pound. A country that can still produce in the faco
of such adverse circumstances should
bo a "world beater" when railroads
reduce tlie cost of living.
For the cost of mining is excessive
in  tho Cariboo.    Perhaps  there  is no j
other gold  camp, even   tho   Klondike,
where conditions have been so adverse
to   the   miner.     There   is   no   possible
way  to get  to   Barkerville   >tbor  than '
the   long  and   billy   Cariboo   b'oad.  al*
most 300 miles long.    Every .>um:e of1
mining  machinery  assumes  the   vilue
of si ini-precious  matal ere  it reaches
Barkorvillo.   Then, too, living expenses
are extromoly high, and this naturally
enough boosts the price of labor. Se\eu j
cents u pound  is fhe ordinary freight
rale   Barkerville   to   Aslieroft,   but   on
heavy   machinery   special   rates   are
charged, amounting in some eases to
'_',">   cents  a   pound.     The   miners   i\r:\.w
high wages, and, even at that, complain
that they cannot live properly.   On the
same stage  with  us  from  Barkerville
to Quosncl were two young miners, who i
had been through the Klondike in their,
time.
"Thank   God,"   said   one   of   them,
"wo have got these store keepers paid
up at last.    We have been Work iny for,
them for two seasons, and us soon as
WO got even with board we quit."
There are many people iu Barkerville'
to-day who are working for the storekeepers.       During    tho    long    winter
mouths, and  Barkerville on the moun- |
tain  top has a very long and  dreary
winter, thero is no mining. During this |
period,  however, a  man  must continue
to  eat.    The   store-keepers   carry  the
people through the winter, relying on
fhe wages of next •summer for their re- '
numeration; thus the miner works for
the   store-keeper,   and   by-and-bye   he |
gets  tired   nf   it.    The  conception   of
Heaven, us described to me by a Barkerville man, was a country with a long
placer mining season, cheap grub, and
some way to get in and out.
How   will    Barkerville   benefit   from
the construction  of the  Grand  Trunk
Pacific through Central British Colum- j
biaf This is a question we did not for- .
get to nsit, and the answer is very aim- I
pie.   To begin with, as soon ns the rail- |
road is completed, and Indeed as soon
as supplies begin to come in over Ihej
Edmonton route, Fort George nnd not
Ashcroft will be Barkervlll<rs b-ise of
supplies: thnt is a boat haul down river
nf .Hi miles and a wagon haul from Ques*
ml of (10 miles will replace tbe present
wagon hail of 280 miles from Ashcroft. i
This will probably cut the freight rates
more Hum. in  half.    Of course, cheaper
supplies will mean cheaper mining aad ■
there aro now u large number of companies with interests in the Cariboo
who aro uot do;ng any aggressive work
until the country is opened up by railroads.
But the coining of the railroad has
still more to offer Barkorvillo. We are
told that tho old town itself will bo
placed in direct railway communication
with the outside world. The Willow
Hivor, a considerable stream, that rises
iu Jack of Clubs Lake, near Barkerville, and is in reality a continuation of
the Williams Creek, ami itself a rich
placer river, cuts a path through tho
hills to the Fraser River, entoring tho
latter stream about 25 miles east of
Fort George. Down tho valley of this
river a railway has been projected and
the surveys aro already completed. Although the grade will be considerable
on this line, yet it will put Barkerville
practically on the lino of tho Grand
Trunk Pacific Railway ami will assure
British Columbia's famous old mining
town of a greater futuro than its old-
timers could huve ever imagined.
A year or so ago, when tho first au-
tomooilo passed up the road to Barkerville, the old residenters heard of its
coming and positively refused to believe that such a vehicle could exist.
As the gasoline monster neured the
town the entire population walked out
to meet it. To-day there are men in
Barkerville who have never seen a
train or a streot car. When the first
string of cars hauls iu over the line of
the Willow Rivor Railroad there should
be some womleiment, us well as rejoicing iu Baricervibe.
Hydraulic mining, the one great industry of this district, i« a v^ry -simple
method of extracting gold from the
earth. The requisites for it are a large-
hose, a head of water, and a place to
put the gravel and pebbles after they
have been washed. A big monitor,
which is ti sort of gigantic garden hose
with enough power behind it to knock
a house down, is turned on to a wall
of gravel. As the yards aud yards of
material are washed down, they pass
through ti long flume, the bottom of
which is protected by blocks of wood
from being cut fo pieces by the rocks
anil  gravel   that  pass  over  it.    Hero
enables the natives to endure the bov
onst and most protruetod toil of every,
kind. They take them three tunes a
day, chewing them ami lodging them
in tho sine ot the mouth like a quid of
tobacco.
Some time ago an interesting test
was made in Canada of tho power ot
coca. A lacrosse club, coasisting of
sixteen nlavers, all of sedentary professions, held forth against all turners,
white men or Indians. Tho clubmen
were fortified mainly oy coca, which
they chewed during tho gamo, swallowing tho saliva. Ouo day during
which the heat in the sun wus 110 degrees Fahrenheit, though their antagonists, mechanics and tradesmen of
sturdy build, were exhausted before tho
game was finished, tho men with the
coca were as free from fatigue as at
the beginning.
THE   SUPREME   COURT'S   GOWNS
It is said that the cut and style of
the gowns worn by the justices of the
Supremo Court of the United States is
so peculiar that it is not always possible to have one correctly made.
The wife nf a former justice used to
enjoy telling of her frying experiences
when she wished to have tho gowa her
husband was to use made in Paris. Tho
gowns worn there by scientists, scholars
and students differ altogether frum
those our justices wear.
In London any clerical tailor would
have understood the kind of gown desired, but not so in Paris; wherefore,
ufter many failures, the justice's wifo
gave instructions to the fashionable
modiste who made- her gowns. This
modiste was entirely successful in turning out a gown for the justice.
The justices' gowns, which nre always of the best quality of silk, cost
upward of one hundred dollars. When
tho Supreme Court wns first organized
the justices wore quite gaudy gowns
A portrait in oil of the first chief justice, John Jay, nnv hangs in the rob
ing-room opposite the Supremo Court
chamber; and in Ihis portrait the chief
jut-lice is represented ns wearing a
block gown with a broad bright-red
border around the neck and down Ibe
It is edged with gray, and the
diow a red border at the top
uid bottom, also edged with gray.
A Court to
Quiet Family Jars
there along this flume are placed j -r(mt-
riffles, which are merely strips of wood,
placed between the rows of wood
blocks. As the material is ilushed
through this flume the gold, boing
heavier than the sand, drops in the
riJlles and is thus saved. When the
season's hydrnulicing is over, which
is usually when the water gets too low
to supply power, the Hume is cleaned
up and the gold is carried away.
Mr. John llopp, tin; loading hydraulic
miner of the Cariboo, is a familiar figure about Barkerville. At clean-up
time Mr. lb .,
on liis walks by a large metal bucket,
in which is gathered the gold from his
sluice boxes. Mr. llopp showed us,
as a great favor, a bucket full of
gold dust and nuggets, which had just
been taken from the Lowhec claim. It
is a remarkable fact that each gold-
producing creek has its own particular
kind of gold. In one case the gold
will be very light iii color; in another
very dark. There are as many different kinds of gold as there are creeks.
At the Little Valley mine, which is  "On Sunday, too, my work I do,
managed by Air. E.  E. Bonner, secre-      Yet fear J not God's wrath;
tary 'of   the   Western   Canadian   Deep'He knows, at least, 'tis for the Priest
Lead Company, is to be seen the best      I make tbat table-cloth,
example   of   a   drifting   mino   in   the But ere long J must look to die,
Cariboo.     While we   were   there   tho|    And so soon must prepare
tunnel that is being sunk had reached  My winding-sheet—-as is most meet,
about twelve feet from bed-rocks, and it I    Of lluon white and fair."
was expected that the mine would bel
producing very shortly.    Jn the shaft That very night, ere morning ught
house  two great  Cornish  pumps  were      Snapped was the flaxen thread,
pounding   away   pumping    the    water  As chill and wan stole in the dawn,
from the shaft.   Water is the curse of      The ancient dame lay dead,
the  man  who has a shifting proposl-  Alas! she who, her whole life through
tion, but we wero told by .Mr. Bonner      Clad others with her spinning,
that be expected to be relieved of this  Into the clay was thrust away
difficulty  very  soon.    Wheu  bed-rocks      Without a shred of linen.
is reached tunnels are driven through |
tho gold-bearing sand, the material be-{The callous clown that nailed her down
ing brought to the surface and washe I      Jn coflin of thin deal,
there.   What i's known as a set is made \ In brutal jest upon ber breast
THE SPINNING-WHEEL
(Translated from the Breton of Theodore   Botrel)
When bodtlmo camo the ancient damo
Forsook   her  spina ing-wheel,
And   said,   "Now   hear,   my   children
dour,
All that J  could reveal.
Know you that J, in years gone by,
Made the first clothes you woreV
usually accompanied1 {That shirts I've spun for each new son
Born iu a mile or mure/
"By    candle- light    havo   changed   to
white
Thoso cheeks once, oh, so red!
That the young bride 1 might provide
With fine sheets for ber bed.
] never go to church, yon know,
Vet much  i  pray alone,
As bore within, my shirts 1  spiu
For those who eise had none.
Placed  her loved spinning-wheel.
Now if you hark when it is dark
Vou hear a whirr, a beat,
'Tis tho poor soul in shame and dolo
Making a  winding-sheet.
by pushing forward the timbers of the
tunnel about threo feet. The gravel
from each set is sent up sepaiately
and the production of the mine is based on the amount of gold found iu each
set.
In connection with gold black sand is NATURE'.-3 DRAINS
always  found, and  one great problem      A t.,mifuI 8U o£ (ho un(lergrouud
Of the mining world has been to extract watereourse9.in the carboniferous iime
from this sand the go d that is known ,tonc (listritt of Yorkshire, England,
to exist in largo quantities. At present, Jma rpVGftiotl tlu, fact tbnt there exists
une expert, Mr Seymour Baker, is ox-|h) 1mi(. (,(UUltv a|1 oxtouaivo syatem of
perimontitig at the reduction works Bubtermnean .streams, many of which
built by the Government oear Barker-jh8Ue nii|rS awnv ,■.....„ t|ie\,oillth call*
Wile, in an endeavor to extract goldL(1 »slnl(8 •• whoro tho watl(jr drained
from black hand,   ihe operation is bo-I from  the 8urfilC0    cntQ"ra    thc  rocltBi
watched with great
interested in mining.
merest by all
ildoved and
SUN-STORMS
How can we. wdio are bow
appalled by the fury >f our planet's
cyclones and volcanic erupiions form a
conception of the terrible energy of
natural operations on the sun'
Newcomli suggested that if wo call
the solar chromosphere tin ocean id' lire
we must remember thut it is tin ocean
Infinitely hotter than the fiercest furnace aud as deep US the Atlantic is
broad.
if we call Its movements hurricanes
we must remember tlmt our hurricanes
blow only about a hundred miles an
hour, while those of the chromosphere
blow as far in a single second.
There are such hurricanes as, coming down upon us from tho north,
would, in thirty seconds after they had
crossed tbe St. Lawrence Uiver, be in
the Gulf of Mexico, currying with them
the whole surface of the continent in
n mass not simply of ruin, but of glowing vapor.
THE    WONDERFUL    PROPERTIES
OF COCA
Some wonderful properties pertain
to cocn—tlie dried leaves of a small
tree growing in Peru and Bolivin—the
chief being ifs power to enable one
eating it to pat forth long-continued
exertion without fatigue. Coca has nothing to do with cocoa.
This property was known and prized
lore before the .Spanish Conquest, the
leaves being employed oven as a mod
iUtti of exchange, so highly estcee ed
were Ihey. After the conquest the\
became one of tho most valuable a tide?
of export. At Polosi alone 100,000
busbi is were consumed yearly.
I'toler the influence of the lenvos of
tips plnnl miners can work night an 1
day, with onlv brief intervals of res1
and sleep.      Thc  slightest  amount  cf
torn the surface enters
Similar phenomena in other parts of
the world, not vet so carefully investigated, occur on a much larger scale,
and recent studies of the ocean bottom
near the borders of continents have
shown that rivers of considerable size
sometimes enter tin? sea ueneath the
surface.
Sir Wilfrid Laurier, deflated, and
pei haps ii littlo dismayed, possibly
wbhos now moie than over that ho had
lemtiiicil link n igh ted (says London
Sketch). He did not dusiro tho honor
bostowod upon him at tho Dlamonl Ju*
hiloo. "1 would have preforrod to remain plain Wilfrid Luu ior," ho has
suid. "I hegan my political career under plain Alexander McKonzio, who
began life as a stono cutter, and who
lived and died plain Alexander Mc-
Konzlo." H is to quite a modest homo
that ho retires. An oacmy charged
him once witli having received as a gift
from a corrupt corporation a handsome,
well-furnished dwelling. Ho told the
Dominion parliament what the facts
woic. Sir Wilfrid explained that ho
had bought the house himself, paying
$j,ii00 cash down and furnishing it,
except for a few gifts from personal
friends to Lady Laurier, raising tho
nior.ey on his own personal note, and
giving a mortgage for tho balance,
-•irJ.OOO, on the hause itself. "I bought
Ihe home in fhe name of my wife," ho
said, "because, being poor, and woll
knowing that if I died 1 could have
nothing to leave her, I thought it right
to {rive her a home." That molest
dwelling has eve' since been thc abode
o. the man woth whose name and programme two continents havo rung.
A Missouri fruit farmer, whose orchard of 200 acres contained about 10,-
0.)0 npplo trees, sold his crop this season foi $luO,000. A storage company
bought tho fruit on the trees.
The heartlesB advice to "toll your
troubles to a policeman" is being bettered In Chicago, where the city hus instituted a special court to listen to
domestic complaints. "A grout many
peoplo have aad to tell thoir troubles
to a policeman who huve blushed ut the
telling of it," says Rov, Dr. William
K. Barton, and he goes on with an uo- (
count uf the Cmcugo Domestic Relations Court, that re.uci-euts u depurt-
lue from the cuuventiui.ul .ouds of legul
procedure aud ondeuvors to serve iho
community in othor than simply punitive ways. Ihe head of the court is
Judge liuodnow, and the peoplo who
aro taved by him from telling their
troubles to u policeman aio mainly
women, whilo the peoplo about whom
they uie troubled uro mou. Tho troublous stmy is lirst Oi' ull told to a wo-;
man, Mis. Leavitt, uot a police niut.on,
but a sort of human sympathizer intelligently guide.1. She is able to ud-
just many domestic tangles without)
their going into court at all. When the
court comes iu as a factor "sho keeps
the record, a'ud has friendly relations
wi h ihe home sine of tho case." All I
cases involving women as women, ox*
eepc those riluliiig to prostitution,
says Dr. Barton in the Buston 'Iran-,
script, uud all cases uf child en, except those belonging to the Juvenile
Court, now uio segregated and tried I
by tho Court of Domestic Relations.
j 'itie pielimiuary announcement mado
ou the evo of this court's inauguration stated in part its purposes in those
j words:
| "'Ihe new branch 'Court ot Domestic 110111110118,' which will soon be hi-
stiiuieu, will bo a lurther stup in the
classification of cafea dealing with of-'
fences committed against women and
children in which the Municipal Court
has final jurisdiction; late: on, if this
: blanch court has demonstrated the advisability of the classification of thjs
; character of cm-es, other casos may bo,
j from time to time, added to if. |
"While the Juvenilo Court deals witli
'tho delinquent or dependent child, the
I' Court of Domestic Isolations- will deal
with the person who makes the child
[delinquent or dependent. Ono of the
principles upon which the idea of Ihis
[court is loundod, is that the family is
the unit around which till else that is
good must be built, and anything
thut destroys that unit works evil to
'the public good. This cou t is also
based upon the urn in principle that
caused the organization of tho Juvenile Court—that of removing women
and children from the degrading influence of the police court.
'' Under our present system, these
eases aro tried in the various criminal
branches. '1 he women and children unfortunate enough to he witnesses or interested in these cases, while waiting
to see the judge or have the case tried,!
aro forced agaimt their wishes into contact wilh roboers, thieves, pickpockets,
drunkards, lewd women, and foul-mouth-
ed men; their first introduction to ouri
courts is with a motley crowd of lawbreakers who a e not iu sympathy with,
them; tlieir tube y is made twofold by
the degtading enviroiuent thrust upon |
them before their wants are known aud
their need'* looked after, a humiliation
und indignity which every self-respecting person, and especially a woman,
would resent if sho only could, and a
position ia wlnMi uo child phould be
placed. Aguin a better opportunity to
investigate each case will be given.
"Keformation of persons and tho
eradication of cause." of delinquency
and dependency, the care of thoso made
destitute by desertion, tho protection
of the public in bastardy cases, and a
strict enforcement of tho laws relating
to women and children can be attained
when centralized in one court."
A specimen case of the court's dealing is given here. It seems commonplace
enough, but is typical of hundreds of
such cases that stand as substitutes for
divorces.
"John MinBkicowsizky has a name
that few can write nnd fewer pronounce. That is one reason why he is
called by two names in court. 'Iho children in school have taken the name
Bradford, iu tin effort to become Mayflower descendants. Therefore John
Miaskieowsi/.ky, nlins John Bradford,
comes to court under two names, and
not through any attempt to conceal his
identity. He owns n little house worth
$1,600, with a mortgage of $700 on it.
Ho is tin industrious man, a hard-work-
ii g Pole. There nro four children, of
whom two aro in cou f. a well-looking
boy of eighteen and an attractive girl
of fifteen. The name of Bradford fits
them as well as if they had been bom
at Plymouth; but John is undeniably
Polish, nnd the Pole by any othor name
would bo as undeniably a Pole. The
mother has tried to keep up with the
children, and is fur more American thnn
the father. The complaint ngainst John
is bitter.
"Ho is a drunknrd. and when drunk
abusive. But John tells another story.
Ho is not n d unkard. He is industrious,
and earns $18 a week. He goes to the'
suloon to get his chock cashed, and always has n few drinks, but rarely gets
tho worpe for it. On the occasion in
which lie is accused of deserting his
wifo, ho went home taking nearly all
his week's wages, and hundcl his wife
$K>.7iJ of it. But she threw it nt him.
made tho sien of tho cross, and hoped
never to seu him again. He .caid thc
children we e nshumol of him becauso he
wns just a plodding, hnrd-working man.
and for three months his wifo did not
snenk to him. The children, howevor,
sided with llieir mothe", and said thnt
John drank more thnn ho admitted.
Since he left home tho girl had left
school and gone to work.
"One little incident, which enmo out
by nccidont, lifted this case out of thc
low, drenry channel of the coarnonnlncc.
John was asked how long he had been
married, nnd, in demand for an exact
date for the record, it appeared tnat
this was tho very anniversary of his
wedding, lie had been married twenty-
two yea s ro-dny.
"That was the littlo incident thnt the
iud<re cnuffht at. These two people with j
their children  ought to find  a  bettor
way thua this of celebratiag their wadding anniversary. Their differences
we.e uut hopeless. Thoy wete tu go
home together, ami prepare for a celebration of this aaaiversury with thoir
children. 'Ihe case would be continued
fo.' thirty days. Meantime John' must
come back home to live. The daughter
must go straight, buck to school. Mrs.
Bradford must bo good to her bus-
bund, 'ihe children must stop 'butting
in' when tho older people hnd a 'scrap.'
1 quote the exact language of tlio court
—it was language porfecily umlorptood
by ull the parties, Polish and 1'biglish,
though their nutlve speech. 'Iho children must love both parents and show
fur moro consideration than thoy hud
snown tnui.' tutiiur. John must gut liis
checks cm-hod somewhere obu. Now
they wore to go directly homo, ull -»f
them, to wasto no time in nee !™u ..
cussloos, but prepare a go-ti5ftbratlon
for their twenty-second>Weisftry.
"Now  when   Cupid   sliplr**fch!]jal ■
court thirty days hence, 1 hopo ho '
bo ploared with tho progress that bun
been mado."
Judge Oondiiow is n sensible practical
man, adds Dr. Barton, "who is undertaking a good, wholesome method of ad
miuisieiing the laws iu the into osts of
thc home." Chief Justice Olson thus
report? on the experiment:
"The results of the first six months
fully justify our best hopes.. Judge
Qoodnow is procoooing cautiously, and
with nothing spectacular in his me,hods.
Ho is doing a valuable work and tho
results show it. lie has returned 1,250
husbands to their homes, and has managed a large number of other eases with
good success. lie has collude 1 und
paid over to wives and families at least
$25,000, much of which would have gone
for othe* purposes, llo has married sixty-four couples In bastardy cases, and
only two of fheni hnvo thus far given
him subsequent trouble. Wo shall test
out this branch of our Municipal Court
thoroughly and with prudence, nnd 1
am salisfied shall make il one of tha
most useful branches of our Municipal
Court.
"I am anxious, also, fo see the time
when we shutl segregate all casos of
prostitution in a similar court. 1 do not
want them in the Court of Domestic Relations, but wish to keep ils atmosphere
as clean as possible."
Of such cases it is proposed that records be kept of till cases, "so that no
change of residence within tho city
shall enable an old offender to pose as
a novice, and a uniform method of
punishment adopted and adhered to.
'Ihe leport of the Vice Commission, at
present excluded from the mails through
an old-maidish ruling of the Post-Office
Department, recommends this change;
but the Mayor will not care to push it,
so that matter will wait,"
THE PUP
Everyone knows  that a  bloomin* pup
With half a chance will chew everything up;
Von take a pup that is healthy and
strong,
He will keep chewing the whole day
long;
Ile 'II chew the carpet that 'a on the
stairs,
And gnaw the legs of the parlor chairs;
He'll chew tin- hed>pread« and likewise the  mats.
And eat the springs and tho bedstead
slats;
Give him a chance and anything suits;
He 'II eut tho soles off your heavy
boots;
He'll chew the paper that's on the
wall,
Tho poker won't bother his jawg at
all;
He'll eat the books from leaves to
backs,
Nails, screwB, old iron, and bric-u-
bracs;
He'll chew the basin you wash him
in,
And make a lunch off a hunk of tin.
There never was one with a grain of
sense,
They're never no good, but a big expense;
Thev'11 scare tbo babv and fight tho
cat,
And  cut a hole  in  your Sunday  bat,
And  worry to death your loving wife,
And make your home a scene of strife.
Bender, we speak from experience sad;
The pup is always both bold and bad;
He'll bite his way through u walnut
door,
And ent the matting that's on tho
floor;
He's always looking for stuff to chew;
When there's nothing else handy he'll
even bite you;
He'll eat  the rubber off bicycle tires,
Then   tackle   tho   rims,  and   then   the
Oh, never get foolish nnd buy a pup,
For   if you  do he'll  chew everything
up.
POSTAGE-STAMP LESE MAJESTE
A recent decision of the courts at
Trieste occasioned much indignation
among young Austrinns, for by that
decision lovers render themselves liable
to a Bummons for leso majesto if they
vary the ofibdal position of a pastago
stump, whether on a card or on a letter, to indicato their sentiments.
It appears from tho text, of tho
court's decision that to stick a post*
agestnmp at a certain angle, even
though it bo to express '' undying
love, ' '' disappointment," " tender
memories," and so forth, is decidedly
a mark or disrespect to tho sovereign.
Tho sender of a post-card who used
the Emperor's enigy to tell his sweetheart that he would lovo her always
was fined for the offense.
C. Arthur Pearson, editor nnd owner
of the London Express, wealthy beyond
the dreams of avarice, nnd reported
puffer ing a complete breakdown from
overwork, was a poor lad twenty five
years ago, but full of force anl ambition. At nineteen ho hconine cditir of
Tit-Bits, nnd mndo good. Afto* the
first year, refused nn Increase in snlnry,
he borrowed a small sum and start/vl
Penrson's Weekly, which in n few years
poured a goldon stream into his lap.
Ill TTTE ISLANDER. CUMBERLAND. B.C.
Is
Natural Cure for Catarrh
Obviates Taking Drugs
It Has  Superseded tbe Old-fashioned
Stomach-dosing Remedies, and Invariably Cures Quickly.
It waa their inability to roach the
real aource of catarrh nod bronchitis
that caused tho medical profession to
drop liquid cough medicines and adopt
■'Catnrrhoaono instead. Catarrhozone
provides a method of breathing right
into tho lungs certain rare medicinal
vapors which aro so healing and comforting as to entirely banish coughs,
catarrh nnd throat trouble In a very
short timo.
Tho most wonderful thing about Ca-
tanbir/omi is, that no matter where
tho germs of bronchitis or catarrh are
hidden, Cntnrrhozono will reach aud
destroy them.
"About five years ago I took a cold
ln tho head and Catarrh set hi. It
kept increasing by leaps nnd hounds.
I kept putting off getting anything
until at l..sl I loimd I would have to.
After trying several things I heard of
your remedy, Oatarrhorone, and procured n bottle and began using it. I
wns not long in finding out I had
struck tho right thing. I am recommending Catarrhozone to all who have
catarrh, etc.
(Signed) Evorton L. Wassan,
"Blair P.O., Q.ieen's Co., N.B."
Catarrhozone has made an astonishing record of cures. Its method is
right; no drugs; just healing balsamic
vapors, that bring Instant relief to
Catarrh nnd all throat, bronchial and
chest colds. Got the large size, lasts
months, is Hiiro to cure you, price
$1.00; smaller size, fiOe; sample or trial
size, 25c. All dealers, or The Catarrhozone Company, Buffalo, N.Y., and
Kingston. Ont.
INDIAN SUMMER
Ir. wns a day of tender haze
That shrouded half the earth.
Along ihe leafy woodland ways
Awoke   no   Bound   of   mirth.
There was a silence in the air
That   breathed   upon   the  dust
And made tho grasses tall nnd fair,
And all the flowers august.
A magic not of light or shade
Was laid upon the stream.
And  ovvry  nuok  in  glen  and  glade
Was steeped as in a dream.
A mystery held the skies in thrall,
And no wind loosed its breath;
Unshed  nature dreamed, while  over
all
There slept the peace of death.
It, is only women without the power
to love who have no right to provoke
men 's love.
Many a young nnd lovely woman is
in-love with nobody so much as with
herself.
Like most, musicians, Kubelik has bis
mascot. * It is a little violin given to
him by a wandering musician, when ho
was ten years old, as a tribute to his
powers.
T!
RY MURINE EYE REMEOV
For Red, Weak, Weary, Watery Ey mud J |
GRANULATED EYELIDS I
Murine Doesn't Smart—Soothes EyePain
Vrxtr.hU Sell Marine Eye RtmeaV. Liquid, 25c, SOe, $1.00
Mu.ine F.vt* Salve, in Aseptic Tubas, 25c, $1.00
EYE BOOKS AND ADVICE FIWE BY MAIL
Murine Eye Remedy CooChicago
JShifliwaok,    British    Columbia
Tbt) Garden of B.C., in llie fuiiuiug Frnaer
'Alley riii!•«t fn-nnttig mid fruit tttiiil in the
«or.d .rriK-uiini tinknuwu. B.C. Elin-irir Ky.
vinn Vancouver; C.N K. transoontiheiiiul and
-h Northern building, ChilliiVtiok » modsm
liy—waienvurl;!., ele.'iric light, ate. Gr*jer
'innl'ii* — no   (rutt,   no   fuur   iium'h a   •now
Write M T UiionUnd, 8acy. Hoard of
frailrj Chilliwack, fur all Information, booh
*ti   rnatia,  -W--THEN COME
Dr. Mattel's Female Pills
EIGHTEEN YEARS THE STANDARD
l*T**ac-nbmft x-ii rvoaimaatMloit for won.**:i'i afl>
iMPta. a ai-lxnaflcail* pi*p»t>4 reitady orf
MVTM wartfi TTi# roaait from thoir ue !i
tele*   «.r.4   ^^-..«u   t*u  mU   at   ail   Ar*
Every Woman
It Iniemtsil ami »rtmiM know
MARVa Wrllng Spray
i Wil'iii.iI -yrin-fp.    Hr»>
jiiii'-T-irnt.   li clei. m»
iii«i..'i'ly.       A*.k you*
.t for it
•Lmart-l.-lr-Ktiwii IiumIimU*. io Uditt,
«IHDSOR SUPPLY CO..
in4aor. Oul. CeMftl An*.
SHIP YOUR
RAW FURS
and
Beef Hides
to us nud got 20 per cent
more for them thnn nt horn**.
Write to ns For our new
price list. S and we will mail
yon one free. Watch this
nil. weekly.
We solicit your shipments
for Heef IIiiles. Haw Furs,
Wool, Tallow. Seneca lloot,
Ilo'se Hair, Sheep I'ells. etc.
North-West Hide
& Fur Co.;
278 Rupert St.     Winnipeg, Man.
The first uhoemaker not only made tho
(im toot covering, but he ulhu made the
tools wiiuh cabled him to turn out his
primitive huudiworu. 'llie awl WUb
probably tlio lust tool mauo by primitive man. With au awl trom a door*
shank uud a fortunately shaped shell
oi huiiie mollusc- me primitive workman
waa . oiuly to uiaKo armor for tho lee-,
ut' hiu luvemtito wuo invaded the jungle
in quest o. foutl tor the primitive tu.ui-
ly, Simple ur composite. And human
Buoiety made its flrat advance when
bo in oo no could he sputod lio.u tiie ciuise
to remain in the cave uud prepare tho
cover lug  .or the  teet fur luo huulOr.
Witlt ilio awl uud some form of. cutting lustrumeut tlio primitive woikmiiu
I'.m.id o.is.ly snapo tho undiossed Bkin
ul' tlie aapturod quadruped into ilio pi-
mltivo broguo. Etymology gives us a
pioguunt BuggeBtlon lieie—wo And that
"biog" )« a ayuonym for awl. 'Ihe
brog and tlie brogue must have been
part ui the primitive human outfit loug
boiore the weaver, tlio tailor, or tue
builder canto into existence, 'i lie hammer ns ii special tool, so much extolled
us a weapon ol' war and an Instrument
oi' peuie, wub probably tlio extension
of the p.imittve club which enabled the
utor to deliver a blow with gieutor
foi CO tit tho moment of Impact, and lit
a gieater distance. It wtia a much later
acquisition and was nut necessary to
he primitive Buoemakor, whom wo claim
to be the typical artisan. Foot protection of some kind wus the first and
most Important equipment Ot the primitive man. This protection wus us necessary in war as it was useful in peace.
The art und myste y of the shoemaker of necessity Ukos the highest
rank, His is the occupation from which
ull other trades tue derived. All other
ciafts aro but of yesterday when computed tn the art and mystery of the
shoemaker, And it makes no difference whether the primal thoomakor was
man o- woman, It follows that us the
art of the shoemaker advanced, social
uruor boiumu possible. Ou the European conliient tho tah'oemakor has been
ior centuiles tt well recognized and distinctly appreciated artisan, nnd to u
gioat oxle.it a social functionary, Ile
\itis frequently the schoolmaster uf his
neighborhood. John Pounds, the English shoemaker und founder of too
"Ragged schools" in London, was but
one ox a typo of teacher and philanthropist that flail tailed in must of tho
centres of population in Europe just
ufter the invention of printing.
In tho olden days tho shoemaker's
shop was usually the radiating eeuU.e
lor the discussion of religion, politics,
nit, und the gossip peculiar to the environment. 'Ihe youiog shoemaker wus
neatly always a radical, and frequently
a revolutionist. It is told that after
the suppiossion of tne E.cncli Revolution .Napoleon kept the workshops of
the I'linsiuti shoemakers under strict
surveillance.
Iheio is good reason for the distinction maintaii.od by the shoemaker
through all history. The trade of tho
old-time shootaaiter wus curried un in
promises whore comparative quiet was
the normal condition. His touls wero
few la number and of the simplest
cliuiacter. No heavy and noisy machinery was iequiie.1 In the manufacture of work which was made for tho
Individual customer, When thu workman was onto master of his craft he
could control thj conditions under which
he would work. Ami us he nearly always worked nt piece wage-rates he
was entirely independent of supe.visiou
or control by his employer. 'Ihe work
was so dilTerontlated nnd individualized
that the making of every pair of shoes
was a new task; the workman was compelled to think; every pair was an ex*
ereiso of the judgment, a call upon all
tho faculties of tho workman. All other
artisans—except the smith—worked to
some rule or pattern; the shooomker
made his patto n. Knowing these facts,
the Intelligent student of history is not
surprised to find men of the type of
Jacob Bouiiion and Huns Sachs in the
ranks of the shoemakeis. T he quiet
seat of the shoemaker was a congenial
place to study the problems of philosophy or to write the songs of the people.
Tho old-time shoemaker did not huve
to "loaf to invito his soul;" he kept
nt work and uccoiuplbhcd the same end.
Por the reasons mentioned nnd which
muy be inferred, we find the shoemaker
all through the ages a well-informed, independent, and withal] u sociable workman.   Convivial gatherings wo e much
iu favor with the younger journeymen,
|frequently to their detriment und those
(depending upon them.   'Ihis was spec-
' ally  true iu Germany—and  probably
ti   other   parts  of   Europe—where  tho
ihoemakor, the tailor, and the carpenter
I marched nnd Bpreod togotho." from town
to town, u t.io of roistering, turbulent
I humps, who wore well known In song
nnd story as typical jolly good fellows.
; This  merrymaking   was  < naractoristlc
of tliOEC journeys which weie prescribed
as a discipline und exported of nearly
| every artisan in the days p ecodtng the
introduction of machinery,    'Iho reader
must not uttach the modern  meaning
to tho torm trump.    While tho old-time
Shoemaker wns frequently a tramp ho
] wns seldom u vagrant.      In tlio time
I spoken of nil European craftsmen were
1 members   of guilds;  those  guilds  had
headquarters in every considerable town,
j whero these trumping journeymen were
lotcived und cared for.   Aguin we must
remember that bo "ore the invention of
machinery it took a great many shoemakers to supply the demand, and  It
did not require a very large town to
support a score of shoe.nukerR.   In the
I time of Julius Caesar there must have
been  shoemakers onough  in  Rome  to
form a legion.
[ From an early period there were in
America two distinct varieties of shoemakers; custom, or "hosnokc" work
men, and iho shoemaker who worked on
factory or sale-work, While those two
classes wero the same kind of workmen
nt the beginning of the shoe industry
thev very soon became differentiated
and distinctly f'clnsa conscious," The
custom workman had little sympathy
with what he contemptuously called the
"shoe carpenters." Tho factory workman, however, constantly gained iu importance, constantly produced more
t-lioos that took the place of work that
wus "made tu order,"
In many uf the shoo manufacturing
centres, such its Philadelphia, Nown k,
.sew lertey, Qulney, iVlusmichutsetts, and
probably other places, both custom uud
.udoiy workmen labored harmoniously
and in very intimate rotations. The
custom workman was gradually drawn
into the team system. Wherever more
than one workman could be employe!
tu make the finished product—boot or
shoo—mo factory system made a beginning which was i.eve: relinquished.
'Iho New England shoo-shop is fairly
entitled to equal honor with tho Now
i.uglaud schoolliOUBO in licit.g the "melt
ing pot of the nations," From 1850
to 1800 thousunds of young men uud
women from Europe* chiefly from thu
liritii-h Islands, came tu America, ami a
large percentage o. this hotorogoneous
muss was digested and made good material for citizenship through the ministration and discipline of the New Eng-
land shoo-shop.
Iho New England town mooting was
very frequently the continuation of thc
prog ammo discussed and ugieed upon
in the shoe-shop of thu community.
'Ihcie is not suJUcicnt space to enumerate the eminent men in all the walks
of life who begun their career in tho
ihoe-shops of Sow England. Mention
must be made of Roger Sherman, the
jurist und statesman, and of Nathaniel
liowditch, the learned mathematician,
both of whom learned the trade in its
entirety, 'ihe poet Whitticr, who might
Without prejudice bo called tho American Hans Sachs, graced the scat of the
shoemaker, Henry Wilson, a New England statesman, made brognns in a New
England town.
it is beyond the scope of this paper
to trace specifically the change iu the
shoo industry or the appliances uud
mat hlnory which brought it about.
There were, however, two inventions
tho use of which had a direct tendency
to destroy the individuality nnd independence of thc American shoemaker.
'J ho invention of the peg-making machine some time before 1820 created a
revolution in the making und price ot
pegged work. 1'egged work was made
long before that period; but the time
involved in the making of eve y peg by
hand mado the work so slow and tedious
that the price of the boot or shoe waa
not materially diuorent from the same
guide of sowed work. When the ma-
chino-mude pegs became cheap enough
to be used in an emergency to start
tho shop fiie, then the opportunity for
experiment was presented ami taken
advantage of. 'I here was much less
skill and judgment involved in the making of pegged work with machine-made
pegs. And the use of those pegs instead
oi sewing accelerated the tendency to
a subdivision of labor, tis any handy
youi.g fellow could be taught to drive
pegs in a few weeks.
Up to the time of the introduction
of the Howe machine the improvements
in flioe tools were confined to appliances which could be used by hand. They
were, however, of such nature that tncy
facilitated team-work and the subdivision of labor, thus making it unnecessary for apprenticeship us understood
In the generations that used primitive
tools, the Howe sewing machine was
ou tho market in 1854; it not only
created u revolution in tlie trade, but it
contained the genu of tuo machinery
[which made it possible to control the
shoe operative and his product. Up to
j tuts period the shoe manufacturer cut
nnd prepared tho stock on his pro:- '..es.
sending it to or having it eitllo ' for
I by the workmen who received it :
j thoir Individual shops and made it up
■according to general and stereotyped in-
! structioss. There was little or no variation nnd thc workman's judgment was
seldom In action. Prior to the installation of power machinery the manufacturer sought the workman, and it was
not uncommon to shin the stock a bundled miles to some community of farmers or fishermen, who frequently made
shoos in tho season when it wns more
profitable to do so thnn to pursue their
usual culling. The invention of improved hand tools mndo it possible to have
team-work and a considerable subdivision of lnho\ so that oven be"ore the
era of power machinery tho New Eng
land journeyman shoemaker, all hough
enjoying great independence, was not
a complete workman, and by the time
tho great manufactory was filled with
GRIPPE LEFT HIM A
CONFIRMED ItiVALID
BUT HE FOUND A CURE IN DODD'3
KIDNEY PILLS
Quebec Postmrstcr was confined to bed
when he started to use Dodd's Kidney Pills—They cured him.
Tippins, Pontine Co., Que. (Special)—
Postmaster P, Tippina, of this place,
who for three years lias .boon more or
less of nn invalid, and who for some
time was confined to his bed, is up and
around again, a healthy and hearty
man.    Dodd's Kidney Pills cured him.
"After recovering from an attack of
Grippe," the Postmaster says in telling the story of his cure. "I took a
pain in my batik and I suffered for
nearly three years, finally getting so
bud that 1 was confined to my bed.
"Ono day I told my wife to go nnd
get me some Dodd's Kidney Pills, as
flint would be tho last medicine 1
would try. After using about half tho
box 1 began to feel better, so t kept
on taking them. Whon I had taken
two boxes 1 wns able to get up, and
ton boxes cured mo completely."
The principal danger of Grippe is
the after effects. Tbo wny to guard
against this is strengthen the Kidneys
so they,can strain nil tbe dregs of the
disease out of tbo blood. Dodd 's
Kidney Pills are nlwnys the last medicine nnyono takes for Kidney Disease.
It always cures and no other medicine
is needed.
power machinery and labor-saving appliances tho unetiuie independent artisan wub compelled to wuilt there and
became uu uppeudago to somo ono of a
soiies uf automatic machiuos, his sole
function being to feed the imuorml to
tho particular machine he had been
truincd to manage.
iNo matter wnat wo may say about
the passing of the shoe.linker us an intelligent iiiiiwin uud social factor, the
iiiachii.e upe.ative has taken his place,
and we must admit that tho best product or modem uuot uud tiiue much in-
ery Ims attained such a degieo of excellence that it would bu uuoily impossible to lepluce it even thuul.l it be
desiiublo. While the machine does not
always turn out good work, it is cutout
■.uut ior uniformity of ipiulity uu huud
work mu.lo iniuo. tho old condition a
can compote with it.
'ihis rapid and necessarily incomplete
skoun ut the shoemaker, his persunul
iharacterlstlcj, and the Importance of
ins art to civilization will lime a giout
ileal inoie value it we refer the louder
to the Btory of his struggle tu obtain
reasonable compensation iur this so,-
vice, 'ihe facts iu relation to tins contiguous struggle and to the shoe.nukeis'
ii'iuie unioi.s tue fortunately now ac-
cesBlble to all tenders, thanks to Mr.
Commons and others, whose wmk,
''Documentary History of ivmorlcan Industrial Society" (A. II. Clarke t~'om-
puny, Cleveland, Ohio, 11)10), is olio of
the most valuable contributions that
huve been made to Aiue.iean economic
tccords. The average leader, and especially tho labor reiormer, will bo astonished to find so much space and consideration given In tnis wo.k to tho
F.h»omakcis. More than one filth of tho
ten volume's is occupied with the story.
Mr, Commons deals fairly if not generously wit., the followeis of St. Crispin
and tolls of the shoouiakcis' progtoss
as well as could bo expected from a
writer who prubub.y has not had the
experience of tho journeyman or master
cordwaincr.
The historiucl analysis of the rapid
change in the relations which existed
between the journeyman shoemaker, the
muster shoemaker, tho shoe merchant
manufaetuio', the shoo merchant capitalist, and the publie is sot duwn plainly, und is an instinctive page. Mr,
Commons found that "sevoial stages
(of the industrial evolution) can be
traced quite clearly in the boot and
shoe industry, and while of course different industries havo different rates of
progress, it is the distinction of this
industry that its documentary records
joined to its hlsto.icnl position make it
preeminently interpretative of others."
The documentary and narrative portion
of the story may be eorrobated by cun
ctete example or the testimony of those
who nre still living.
The chief sources of Information from
which Mr. Comomns draws his deductions iu .elation tu the status of the
Fhoemakeis just after the war of tho
Revolution is tho trial of tbe cord-
waineis of Philadelphia and New Vork
for combination and conspiracy to en ten
tlieir wages. 'Ihe trial of Philadelphia
Cordwalners, printed in 1800, is reported verbatum in Mr. Commons' wo.k.
It is the icport of one of tho must extraordinary trials ever held in this
country, in that the court aud tho counsel on both sides seemed to be at one
in their effort to draw out all the information in regard to the customs of
the trade from all the witnesses examined. Thc witnesses state! the customs and p ices back to colonial times,
and the efforts of tue early Philadelphia
master shoemakers to extend their trade
to tlie southern section of the country
in competition with the imported shoes
front Kurope. And tbm, too, before any
of the modern tin emu king appliances
or labor-saving tools were in use. fhe
scale of wages paid in Philadelphia ind
Xtnv York is given, but it is hardly intelligible without an explanatory footnote which could only be w itton oy
some old shoemaker who mny oven now
be found in the territory which was thu
scene of action describe 1 iu the trial.
We are told that the shoemakors of
Boston received » charter as early as
October 11th, L0-J8, presumably frnm
the General Court, or-somc competent
authority. Tho charter of the Boston
guild uf shoemakers was roquoslel by
the master shoemakers to glvo thom nv-
thority to suppress inferior worli ie-i
who damaged the country by "occnsioii
of bad ware." 'litis language look1
rather strange when compared with tho
und u-ithority tu examine the sheem.il;
ers and to secure from the courts of ii.-
colony nn order suppressing anyone
whom tliey did not approve "to be a
suflicient workman." Tho bailiffs und
ollueiu of tho shuomake.s' guild weie
ptOf.eadii.gB and recital of grievances
of tho mode n trudo union. Tho officers
uf the Bustou guild weie given p-iwo:
given puwers iu that euily timo which
teem to us rather u bitrury, but in dilli-
cult eases tho uetondant could appeal
to the courts. To fully understand tne
plunte "to be. a goud and sufficient
workman," wo must rente ubor thut
oven in the beginning of the shue industry in Massachusetts tlioio- weie at
leatt two classes of workmen: Thuao
who received a charter from their guild
and weie master ahoemako s, who bad
fixed places uf business to reccivo their
customers, take their measures, aud deliver the goods which woro in.tdo by
thomsolvos on their own promises. The
other class of shoemakers were -flner-tnt
woiknioii who travelled with tin;.' tools
from place to placo.
'litis inner muy very properly c\o*n
with another pJinigrai h from tho work
of Mr. Commons. Tho archives of the
lloemnke-18 wh'ch he icstoies u. the pub
He are Ciodlteble to that most ancient
of nil cralts. Mr. Commons shows thai,
these archives throw light upon nil similar trade organizations, Por the reason that "the sluemnkeis havo ploaoor
od and loft legible record.-:, tlieir career
is interpretative if not typical." And
"thoy have epitomized American industrial history." Much more could not
bo sold in praise of the sons of St.
Crispin—even by one of their own craft.
So wo cbco fully refer the reader to
tho work of Mr. Commons,
The iccord of thc ehoemakor is com
plele; as an Independent and sklllo 1
workman it is closed, Tint tho story
of his achievements in nil walks of life
is an imperishable part of the history
of human progress.
Cured in Beamsville, Ont.
"After a long experience with different pain remedies, 1 am convinced tlutt
none arc cquul to Norviline. 1 was
inkcii with u cold in my chest, which
later developed into a sort of chronic
bronchitis, Every timo 1 coughed it
aeomed to ruck nnd tear my wholo
chest. 1 was also subject to a great
stillness in my joints, especially about
the knees and shoulders, and experienced much pain iu my muscles. To cure
my cheat troubles I first rubbed on
'Nerviliue' copiously for two daya und
then put u Nervilino Porous Plaster
over toe suro region. I got quick relief.
Rubbing the sore muscles and aching
joints with Nervilino did moro than ail
other treatments combined. Ily tho aid
of Nerviliue and those wonderful Norviline Porous Plasters almost any ache*,
nnd certainly any kind of Inflammatory cold cau be cured.
11 (Signed)   Mrs. W. J. Shnrpo,
"Beamsville,*'
All druggists sell Nerviliue iu -.1*
and BOq bottles.   Get it to-day.
Bnron Cliindn, Japanese ambassador
in Berlin, reported likely to succeed
IJnron Uchidn at Washington, bus long
desirel  tho   Washington   station.      He
was educntotl in the United States ovor
thirty years ago* having studied at
Pe Pnnw and other universities for
eight yc:u>. lie wus quick to adopt
American ways and wub Initiated into
the I). K. K. fraternity, in which he is
hold as one uf its leading lights.
Cardinal Gibbons, whoso golden jubilee ns tt p iest waa recently celebrated
in Baltimore, has hnd a romurkable
career. He was born in Baltimore in
1834. He served successfully in a mission at Canton, ns secretary and chancellor of the archdiocese, bishop of
Carolina, and in 1877 wus mado coadjutor to Bishop Bayley, of Baltimore.
After serving as apostolic delogato to
the plenary council in Baltimore in
issfi he was somewhat later mado cardinal
SiiihnsGure
STOPS COUGHS PKICE. 25 ClN 1 S
Whether tho com bo of old or new
growth, it must yield to Hollowny's
Corn Cure, the simplest and best cute
offered to thc public.
Clean, Dry Heat
Clean, dry heat, with no
smoke or odor and with
no flying ashes or soot-
that is what you get with
a Perfection Smokeless
| Oil Heater.
Perfection
The Perfection is the most reliable and convenient heating device
you can find. It is always ready
for use. There are no pipes or
flues or wires to bother you. You
can pick it up and take it wherever
extra warmth is wanted.
Every mechanical improvement that
experience could suggest was already
embodied in the Perfection Heater.
This year we havo tried to add to its
appearance. The drums are finished
cither in turquoisf-blue enamel or plain
cteel, as you prefer; nickel trimmings;
as ornament.:! as it is indispensable to
comfort.
A special at'tomatic device absolutely prevents
crookng. A!l paita easily cleaned. Gallon font;
lasts ni.ic hours.   Cool handic; damper top.
Dealers everywhere; or write for descriptive circular to
any agency oi
The Imperial 011 Company, Limited
An Oil for All Men.—The sailor, the
soldier, the fistiertmin, the lumberman.
the out-door laborer and all who aro
expoxetl to i'l.'ury nnd tho elements will
find in Dr. Thorium* Eclectric Oil a
true and faithful friend.  To ease pain,
relieve eolds, dress wo'.tnds, BUUdUC
lumbago und overcome rhoumatlnm( it
has no equal. Thoroforo, it should have
o place in nil home medicines and thom i
taken on a journey.
WALL PLASTER
Plaster Board ukei the place
f Lath, ami i» fireproof.
nnrl Harrival)
The "Emigre" brntids uf Woodfll
|'|.|«t.... f..r .......I pntlotHIPtinn,
SHALL WE SEND YOU PLASTER LITERATURE'
The Manitoba Gypsum Co., Ltd.
WINNIPEG, MAN.
Don't Give Your Low Grade Wheat Away
Get the Highest Market Price for It
We are making Splendid Sales of Number 4, 5, 6, and Feed, as well as tmirrlt ..mi
rejected smutty wheat. There is a good market for all of these low grades. Let us
Sell your wheat to the highest bidder, and get vou nil it is worth in any of the world's
markets.   Write for full particulars, and semi your Shipping Hills to
W. S. McLaughlin & Co., Winnipeg, Man.
BRANCH  OFFICES:
5 Chubb Block, Saskatoon, Sask.
Grain Exchange, Calgary, AHa.
118 THE    ISLANDER
Published   every   Saturday   nt  Cumberland,  B.C.,
Islandei Printing & Publishing (Joinpuiiy
Charles C, Segrave,
Managing Editor,
Ad vet fining rules puUii had elsewhere i» the p»|kt.
Subscription pricu SI GO i>-i yeui, ,. ..
Tin: editor <!>«'* not hold  himself responsible for views expressed by
correspondents.
THE ISLAHtrfttt, CtJitBEnf.ANt)  B.C
SATURDAY, JAN.. 6,    1912.
What the Editor has to say.
The Victoria Daily Chronicle hits the nail on the head in
a very happy manner, in an editorial on the political situation;
"The local political situation is highly satisfactory and lull
nf promise of good things. During the short time in which tlie
Bordeu ministry has been in power it has been able to demonstrate its appreciation of the needs of British Columbia in a
manner that is as gratifying to its opponents as toils friends.
"The provincial government lias a fine year to its credit.
We are not in a position to anticipate the statements
that will be laid before tbe Legislature; but we ven lure
to predict that they will give great satisfaction. British Columbia is forging ahead at a remarkable pace and we
make no extravagant claim when we say that tlie administration of which .Mr. McBride is tit the head, never did more for
the province than it accomplished last year, and no administration which the province has ever had, more fully realized the
needs of the future than it does, or was ever prepared to pro-
pared to provide for those needs in a broader and more thorough way, Not the least fortunate feature of the coming year
is the fact that the federal nnd provincial governments will be
fo uid working in harmony for the material development of the
province.
Good Resolution nnd the Water Wagon would make a
splendid team, if Good Resolution didn't fail dnwn so often.
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
Sin EDMUND WALKER, C.V.O., LLD., C.C.L., Resident
ALLXANDL'il  LAIRD, Gn.\'::iAL Manaces
CAPITAL, - $10,000,000 REST,-   $8,000,000
FARMERS'   BUSINESS
The Canadian Bank of Commerce exietuls to Ktirmers every facility
for Die transaction of their banking business Including tho discount and
collection ol'sales notes. Blank sales noles are supplied free of charge
on application,
BANKING   BY   MAIL
Accounts may be opened at every branch of The Canadian Hank of
Commerce to bs operated by mall, and will receive ihe same careful
attention as is given to all other departments of the Hank's business.
Money may be deposited or withdrawn In this way as satisfactorily as
by a personal visit to the Hank. tiu
 OUM LAN  i .   , •  r        W. T.  -V.lTH, MimsS'-r-
t **..^~t>■&~<^-t*~.^'*-'.:-".iO*--*l*'--<*>--.*;~C-***^
ANNOUNCEMENT:
THE VANCOUVER ISLAND NURSERY CO rifre' that o*inf*
tn tbe ricprt huty (alls rl (now, tbty I nvi l,m uuable tn nuke
Ibeir falldeliie-j ss eorly es fan is d Tbey 1io|p, h. »rm, tn bsoe
th*ir fnll ft ipoient rondo in course nl n wppfe . r s i
It is not too late to order NOW for this shipment.
Pilsenep Beer
The product of Pure Malt and
Bohemian Hops
Absolutely no chemicals used
in its manufacture
Bottled Beer Supplied to the Trade Only.
s-ssBest on the (Boast ==~
Pilsener Brewing Co..    Cumberland. B.C.
Vancouver Island Nursery Co.,
Ltd.
Somenos, V.l.
.:■-
a Are of H Lid
Five minutes from school, post-office and
store, one mile of road frontage, one-fourth mile
from beach, three miles from Comox. Price,
$38 OO per acre     Easy Terms.    Apply Lo
J
It. il tV
s.aocl Realty Co.
Fire. Life, Live Stock p. L. ANDERTON,
. . . Accident . . Phone 22.     Courtenay, B. G.
It is, perhaps, a good thing that it dosn't come but once
a year.     We grow old soon enough an it is.
When you come to think about it, the day after New
Year's is not tlie only time when tlie water wagon is worth f
tankfull of highballs.
ifftTOTOjliY.'':UJi iSisiiiiuii-: ,..■■■. ':-   .:i£.i..i ifiisliii:
Uim STjlBLES
CLOUTIER* KIRKBRIDE
PROPRIETORS
FANCY   CHINAWARE
A good assortment of Berry Sets,
Fancy Cups and Saucers, Mugs, etc.
just opened out, also an assortment
of Toilet Sets.
A Full Stock of Furniture Beds and Bedding Always on Hand.
"The Furniture Store"
McPhee Block A.   McKINNON      Cumberland, B.C
JiteabnefC &^voa\U$
Tin: Ottawa Citizen exclaims: "Who can foresee the exigency that may arise in Canada to remove the seat of government from Ottawa?" Goodness! The Citizen must be blind.
Tiie exigency is already arisen. Any of her eastern sisters can
show it to her, Winnipeg lias a pocketfull of them aud Victoria
his heen pluming herself for the honor for lo, these many
moons. Vancouver is coyly pensive and even Nanaimo is
Hinoothing dnwn her back hair. But, if you please, Cumberland is thecnly real "City of Destiny.'
It LOOKS as though China is about to become a republic.
Who will now say lint the world does not move. It is a
i doubtful experiment - questionable whether the great mass ol
the people will be benebtted, Without education, without pa-
triotism, without firm belief in and understanding of the teachings of the "Man of Peace," there is no security. "Uo unto
ut tiers as you would others do unto you," must be grounded
iu the lieartand bone of a people before tliey may govern them
selves rightly. Should China become a republic it will, perhaps, for many years mean tbat the unspeakable oppression and
graft of the MunchU will merely be handed over to others, as it
v.is ami is today in .Mexico.
11  wmmKamtKmmmmmmmmmtmmmmmmmmm
.uLiDER JlDUEaTimHB WES
Display Advertisements
7"i cent- per column Inch por month.
Sjrt'uiai rato for half page or mon'.
Condensed Advertisements
1 cent 1 word, 1 ffltiuo; minimum charge 2"> cents.
No accounts run fur 'liU class of advertising
«m ' Ci M
First Hns Rip For le.
Orders Promptly Attended to
uoHir:.'..". ".':.."":; "LSTSEEiCBEaat
Offices: Comox & Courtenay.
FOR SALE
CLEAEED FARMS, BUSH LAND
AND LOTS
Agents for E. & N. Lands,
Comox District.
Beadnell & Thwaites
..!. Ci
■ •
'Leading Tobacco King."
■■•WS^^AA'
Better known as
"LONG WILLIE"
Dealer In Fruits, Candy, Cigars
and Tobacco.
B^. Billiard Room in conncctiun
r
GENERAL BLACKSMITHS
Horseshoeing a  Specialty
Third Ave., Cumberland
Ull
Local Agent for
The London & Lancashire
Fire Insurance Co.
S Get rates before insuring ekt
wliare
Office: Cumberland
EIL-J^uES^.r.J
A FINE LINE OF NEW
MATERIALS JUST RE-
:    :   :   CHIVED   :    :    :
P.  DUNNE
Up-to-date Merchant Tailor
DUNSMUIR  AVENUE
: A9!"'T,!>T,rT-3Gl
he Club Cafe
Courtenay, B. C, Next Door to Opera House
CAMERON & McKENZIE, Props.
hite Cookine
and "'  !l9 u:!"> ^n!
Everything Eirst Class
oooo-oooooooooooooo<x/ocx>ooc
P. PHILLIPS HARRISON I
Barrister,   Solicitor   and '
Notary Public.
\ OOOO^OOUOOOOOOOOOOOOOOvK),'
The right place for a good squa
DAINTY LUNCH.
and 3
Tl'!" 1ST.ANPK1!  Cl.*MtlK1U.ANt), B.C.
i*
Egggggg
VOTER'S   LIST.
LIST OF  HOUSEHOLDERS,
Atoldson, Thomas
A-Mi, Qeoi'no II.
Arthibald, Ch-orga
Alu'itins, Robert
Allan, .1 hn
Aston, .l.iiics V..
Abranis, Jftines
Anthony, Albert
Alexander^ Harry
Armstrong*,    Wil-
tiiini
Aotun, Peter
Bpntltam. William
Alliiin,  Louis
lit van,  11-ii-i y
Bevoridge. Andrew Blokle, E. W.
Iliiiitbinuu, Arthur Baird, John
Bannerman, John  Brown,   Matthew
M.
Bt'adluy, Frank
Browns, .Inines L.
Bnird Alex.
Beveridge W, (jr.)
Braiuberg,  Albert
S.
Brown, James T
J'nirt, John
Browning, A.
Bransfteld. Jnhn
Bailey, George
Boyer, A. B.
Campbell, Jobn A, Cameron, John H,
Cooke, Tinnitus       Chirk, Walter
Cleaves, W. Chapman, Alex.
Cairnes, Robert     Collpilts, William
Cuvuuagb] Thomas Cessfo'rd, Thomas
Connnr, Jnptes       Connor, Juhn
Chisbulnt, Alex      Campbell, S. M,
Chirk, Jnhn Carey, T. 11.
Clark, Alexander   Campnell, Wm. J.
Cnsev, John Curia, Nicola
Charlton, Charles  Colling, Win.C.
Cloutier, F. li.
Dunsire, Robert
Dixnn, J:iine»
Dufley, l'< nitis
Dallon, Charles
Emde, E, C,
Elliott, Willinm E.
Frame, John W.
Foster James
Foster,
Dibson, Thomas
Green, S.H.
Gums, Henry
Gillespie. Juhn
Uoodwin, Ricliard
Gray, John It.
Gibson,
Harvey, Peter
Dowis, William
DeUney, Ronald
I owdall, R. P.
Dunn, Wilson R.
Eriekson, K.tie
Elliott,  Jn s\V.
Fteeiuan, 11. C.
Foster, Rohot-t
Harrison
Grant, Douglas G.
Grant, Robori (jr,)
Gibb, James
Grunt, Albert F.
Gibson, Andrew
Gillespie, John M
, Robert
Harrison, Paul P
Hirvy, v,ohn        li irri itt, Prw iii
H hi voy, George     Huudtm, I
Herd, Thomas       Hennessey, .Mike
Hayman, Win. (jr) Horbury.  Thomas
Haywood, Ernest   Henderson, Win.
.Ji.linsoii, James M. Jones, Cecil
Johnson, John        Jones, George
Jarretl, Fred Juek, John (j.*.)
.milt, Adam Johnson, Qeurgu
.im , lliehard
Kirkbride, John   J.Kennedy,  Samuel
l.iMiis Thomas       Uteris, Warron
Lewis, John I-awt'eime, W. E.
Leithead, linrvy     Lolloy, Fred
1..USSO, Domcuico
Mile*, John Mnnaoo, Frank
Miirrietti, Matt,     Mattiota, ]>«|itisia
.Miller, Bert Merrifieltl, William
Marinelli, Viigino Milligun,Archibald
-Maxwell, James      Mnrlyn, .i"ltn
Murray, David       Murdook, W, ll.G
Matchella,  Domiuiua
MoKce, It. tvioAllmter, John
KeQiinrrie  Angus MoNiven, Alex
Mclni.yie, Rod       MoNiven, Peter
McDonald, L, 0.    McNeil, Alexander
McFitrlane, Matt   JlcKny, David
McKinnon, Aliens Melntyre, Andrew
MeKinnell, A.        MuFnyden, Neil
MoKlnnon,  Dan    McUnd, Neil A.
MoMillan, Thomas .McKinnon, Alex.
McDonald John A. Mel!,,', I). 1).
Nurd, John Nettleton, Geo: gt;
Netl.-on, William
Potter, Joseph J,     Patterson, Alex.
Pottengi'll, Frank Pnrkihsoii, II.
Picknnl, E 11, Pencook, James
Peacook, George Potter, WilhrflnR
Rowan, .'lex. Russell, Clark
Rickson, Ehomas Redpath, Jalnes
Richards, Thomas (jr)
Sloan. Hugh Stewart, Daniel
Stenhnuse, Thomas Stephenson, a. T,
Sunherg,  Charles Shaw, Joseph
Scougall, John Sandwith, .i.
Suter, Albert Sllitw, Rupert
Sidilall, W. S. 1). Stenhouse, a.
Slaugh er, A. G, Swift, George
S[""ii'., jnnies   Smith, James
S i pMin, Ralph     Smith Arthur
Shearer, William    Shearer, Georg"
Tliomsou, Andrew   Thomson, W Ilium
Thomson, Andrew
Vass, Robert
Walker, llaik'y      Watson, Fraser
Wilson, Thomas S, Walker, Henry
Webster, James, jr. Watson, Robert
Whyte, Harry       Walker, aI.x
Wiuldell, Roliert    Westfield, jnhn
Watson, Joseph       Walter, Jtinies   U.
Winninghinn, J, X).
Yarrow, Ceoige    Young, jnoob
i
PROPERTY OWNERS.
Anech, Jni-ipb Anthoney, Manjeret
Allsop, William Arrnitrnu?, Alex.
I', no, Peter Biokle, Thomas
Bnnora, Victor       Browu, Robert
Biokle. Jaue Ann   Banks, Elii F;
links, Thomas E. Beveridge, Wm.
Hi ttoldi, Urssiauo Brown, James
Bsird, Flora Isabel Bate, Thomas   E.
Biown, George      Bryden, Jobn  W.
Bishop of Vancouver Island.
Birbliok Loan Security and Investment! Oo.
Calhouo, Annie     Calboou, Samuel
Comb, John Campbell. William
Oumpbell.Alexanrl. Ceisford, Robert
Cmrieran, Alexand. Calverley, Joseph
CnWcrlejr, Doris     Calnao, James' E.
& llie, Henry P.
Dallos, Ftank
Denton, John
Dome, Patrick
Coe, Riohsid, ar.
Davis, Samuel, jr.
Daniels, David
Honey, William
Directors ol the Union & Domox Dist.
Hofpital Dominion   Fermaneut
Loan Oo.
El trnrds, Thomas Edwards,Riohard 1'
Ennis, David Earioi, Jobn
Furbow, Jobu       Foster, John
Fraser, Mary Stewart
Grant, Robert        Gleason, William
Gin.son, Thomas F.Grant, Alexander
Hornal, Robert       Hamburger Harry
Harwood,Frederiek Halorow, Robert
Harrison, W. 0.     Haigler, Ohas. M
Horbury, Jon ph     I:wm, Thomas
II H MiijeHi*, King EiUvuld V11.     Her
Majesty The Queen.
K rkwood, Tbonias Kllpatrlok  Dauiel
Keudell, James Sylvester
Laugmau, J VV. l.i.wr uce, Robert
Livcsly, Josi'iih       Lindsay,  Emm*.
Mounce.Euphcnita Marios.II, Mary
Moutiee, L 'iiis A.   Magnoua,Mnruella
Miller, John Mitchell,  William
Maiwrll, Jaoie       Mitchell, Matthew
Moore, Chas.Jos.    Mitchell, Hugh
Maxwell, Alexand. Muisatto, Cliarles
Martin, Henry        Morgan, Mark H.
Merhtli, At gelo    Mttthewi<o.i,t\ r„ A
Merrifield, Wm.     Monaco, Mary
Mellado, Bruno      McNeil, Robert
MacNaugbtou,Geo.K.  McLWl.u.Win
McLeliau, Agues McFayden, Margeiy
McGregor, Henry   MoPhee, Joseph
McDonald, Donald R. McKiiu, Jas.
McDonald, Elisabeth
McLeod,Jno Nuruun.MoLean Thos.B.
McD uald. Laughlin Charles
Nixon, Harper C.   Nat. Trust Oo.Ltd
Nakatno Shosuke.Nttnns, LawreueeW.
Fironi, Marie   Pilsener Brew. Oo.Ltd
Partridge, Frauk    I'arnliam.Charlea
Parks, Geo.Tbe.    Peaoy, Albert H,
liket, Diana l'.itteison,Frank J
Robertson. Robt.S Richards, Tboiuaa
lit id, James, liiohardsoo Fied.Arthur
Koe, Minnie Kiley. Wm.Ruber
i..i^g8, Stanley H.  Robertsoo, Robt.U
- lewartMarian N SmUhe.Ormonde T
nie¥iin»oii,David B Stoddart,Henry F.
ciievcusou, Jobn     Scavardo, Frank
StavenB, Emily L. Sliort, Riohard
Tarbell, Charles 'I. Theobald, Harriett
Thomson. John Tar bel I, Geo. Armstrong
Tuotnsoo, Hellen   Thomsoo, Duucau
Untou Colliery Go. Vass Margaret
Willemar, Jules Xavier,Watson, Chas.
Weir, Jobu Josepti,Willianis,Jeukio G
f;iilard, vV>■-.Wesley,Willard,Mary J.
Mjlliaoisu", Jr.s.    Watson, Marg.Jane
Watson, John Peter,   Whyte, Charles
Webster, Jamts      Walker, Annie
Webber, Jobn Frank
. . NEXT TO TARBELL'S, . .
Dunsmuir Ave   :::   Cumberland
IE. C. lEIMDII!
0mJ
\\mJ,Jjzrf&*£L
B     • E1CT AGENT
. . 1- OH . .
The  Russell
AUTOMOBILE
The only Car Made
in   America   witli
tin* "Silent Knight
Valveless Engine,"
Also made in valve
. . . style . • •
Cleveland, Brantford, Massey-Harris, Perfect and Blue Flyer Bicy
oleu- FairbanKs Morse Gas J£n;Jines; also the Moore Gasoline
Lighting Systems. Oliver Typewriters. Repairing of all kinds.
Bicycles, Sewing Machines, Hans, etc.     Scissors and Skates ground
Rubber Tives for Baby Carriages.    Hoopttjor Tabs
THIRD STREET, CUMBERLAND.
mmti)
■»|w.>|i + »j>  ,Qm»&)*&*—§>~&-#»m>m&<X
TIE KEIil miW HOTEL
JAMES WALTERS,
PROPRIETOR
;, THE POOREST OF WINES, LIQUOR & BEER
ALSO THE BEST OF CIGARS.
DUNSMUIR AVENUE
CUMBERLAND, B. *,.
ifi'
Satisfaction
Guaranteed
All Work Done under
Personal Supervision
Orders may be left at
John Jack' store,
OunBnlttlr Avenue    Cumberland
mmm
w.
^•f '^vtr:
I'sion Lonofi Nn  11, I. o. 0. F,
Meuis every Friday evening al 7»olock
>ii I. (I O. F. Hall.   Visiting bretherii
'irtni'ltlil.
Ias U  Amos, Skorbtau*
$S.50
a Year
, ^*'*'*^^***'**^*'*^*<*^***^^AA***»^*»MV>i********i*'***lV***>***>***'***»V'l*>'W
Ll UUUlll       UL UIJl
Grocers & Baker
Dealers in all kinds of Oood
Wet Goods
Bent Bread and Beer in Town
Agents for Pilsener Beer
'v*iVo*oAs**>tto*^e*i*i*m*itm*,*li*o*sim*sto*ojoeme^t*m*4O0L
BIG STORE
1 WISH
to Thank Our Many
Customers and friends
for our greatly increased
business during: the past
year and solicit a continuance of the same. We
aim to keep nothing* But
the Latest and Best at
the lowest prices and
will try to serve you in
every way, with expediency.
We AVisli you all a bright, happy and
prosperous
THE
CUMBERLAND
=-= HOTEL =
W. MERRIFIELD, Prop.
The fined hold in the city. THK ISLANDER. CUMBERLAND. B.C.
Devil's Tower iu Northern Wyoming
rises mysteriously from tlio vast and
silent level of tbe prairie to a height nf
1,250 feet. In tbe early days uf uvo laud
travel it served to tell many an a Migrant ol' bis whereabouts. It is now a
national mouu.nont, bavin'; boon sot
aside an a natural curiosity. Tbo Devil's
Tower mon urn out consists of about 1,000
aero.", and preserves for nil timo thia
landmark. Probably it will bo many
years before tbo Dovll's 'lower is generally visited. At present it is many
mile,.-, from a railroad, and fow persona
soa it in tlio course of n year. Those
who make tbo trip, which is usually
done from the littlo Northern Wyoming
town nf Sundance, feel amply repaid
fer their visit,
DODDS '■$
JilDNEY)
§jPILL^'
A NM^endalls
Spavin
That Reminds Ne
l*»««-  V....   D..L   A.L. O wo uuw have uuy reliable knowledge,
UOeS   I OUr   DUCK milt. / but  us tho legislative autlwritiei si
  I New .Jersey iu 1748 found it neeeswin
If   You   Have   Bladder   or   Urinary
Troubles and Weakness of the
Kidneys—Read Below.
when l>r. Hamilton'*. I'ills get to work
These kidney specialists bring now
health anil vitality to young ami old
Kastus, with bis anxiety plainly apparent, inquired of tlio "iloctu.li,"
"What you tiul; ia ile mattali wit' met"
"Oh, notliii.g but Uie ihickelipcx, I
guers," rop.-eii tlio .lector. Kastus do-
inuriol stonily. "1 'dm o on mah lion-
ah, doctuh, 1 ain't ucou no wuar I
could UeUli dat."
•    •    •
Onco, after exposing tlio ridiculous
liliimle.s ol' the e litur of certain oil
plays, James Ku-scll Lowell concluded
With the tcainili. "In point of luct, wo
must ap'.lv In this u'i"' loim" the 'm'"0
of tho lirst King of Sparta."   No ono
lomombo ej, o.  uou.Lg u tint. *>■■.-
but wliu.i ,.,-y looked it up they found
it was i'-miuinidaK,
A Scotch ilivitio took one of his pa-
rlililouera to task lor liis iiou-uUo.nl'
au e at kirk; tlio man said: "I dmaa
Itse long sormous." 'ihj parton, with
Miino wintli, ropliod: "John, ye'tl doe,
ami go to a place whine ye'll not haie
tlio privilege of hearlni long or short
seimoiis." '"Hint muy lie," sai.l John,
• out it witiiia he for lack of parsons."
Tho latest circulation scheme of
Hoilin newspaper is the eiigugoincnt of alike. Kveu one box proves their mar-
two phyticians to attend g uiuitously j vcllous power. Continuo this great
upon their yearly subscrioe.B. An un- healer, and your kidne>s will become
mini subscription curries with it tue us strong, us vigorous, as able to work
free services of one of theso two skilful us now ones,
doctois.   A lew months ago tho puper
Your back aches nud fairly groans
with   the   distress  of   kidnoy  trouble.
You're   discouraged,  but  you  mustn't    ..." ... ,-    ,
give up.   The battle ean bo quickly won  <■"■' Norrugansotti of todoy aro backed
"•   .   >-  n.mtu..). Pin. „.,. ■»'«,«.*,   up with a lino ot  pacing inhorltanci
to rer-'cKs iio.l restrict "racing, pueint,
uud trotting" contests, wo may con
elude thut tho two courses namod ha.,
au immense brood of imitators in nl.
parts of tho country. And all thi*
before tho first thoroughbred arrive..
from England. Wilh thia showing thai
DflHT LET THAT OQU&n
HOB m GF SLEEP
Yon probably know all too well
llOW il g'XM. Just as you doze off, the
tickling starts in your throat. A gentle
cough, still asleep. A harder cough, and
then another, l'lret thing you know,
you're wide awake, coughing your head
off.
A few nights of that and you're so
worn out and weakened that the cough
takes a tight grip on you.
ll.it why cn.hire it ?
Na-Dru-C} Syrup of Linseed, Licorice and Chlorodyne will soothe that
exasperating tickling, loosen the phlegm
and care the inflammation ol the mucous
membrane, It not only stops the cough
gtlickty, allowing you to git sound, refreshing sleep, but it goes to the root of
the trouble and drives oal the cold completely. Children willingly lake Na-
Drti-Co Syrup of Linseed, Licorice and
Chlorodyne, because it tastes so good.
Your Druggist has it or can quickly net
it lor yon in 25c and 50c, bottles, His
National Drug ii Chemical Co. of
Cauada, Limited. 115
M*—■*■—■ mmrnr arm—
The Wretchedness
of Constipation
Can quickly be overcome by
CARTER'S LITTLE
LIVER PILLS.
Purely vegetable A
"*acl tufely and
f[ent!y on the
iver.   Cui
Biliowneis,,
Head-
ache.
Diui*.
tutu, and Indigestion.    Tliey do their duty.
Smntl Pill,  Small Do>a.   Smalt Price
Genuine murtfaca. Signature
mmWmmrmWmmmJ^ .1 JWWI
I
telephoned to one ot thu stall phy
elciaus: "Dun t attend llcrr Muoiler
any more. His subscription has ex-
phed."
I Jonca had just run over to see if Mr.
and AI s. -Ululik would go to tho thcatie
with them. Mrs. lilaiik was sorry, but,
unfortunately, Blank was out. Probably ho wus at tlie club. She would tele-
phono.   The following conversation en-
sued:    'Halloa!  Is this thu   \Aiwt
Is my husband the.o? Halloa! JNot
the.of Sure'/ Woll, all right then; but
hold on. now do yuu know "J I bavea't
even told my name," "Thore ain't nobody s husband here—never," was Uu
wise attendant's reply.
Eoal bathrooms arc scarce in tho in
toilor ot India, as a lady who was tin-
veiling with her husband dis.ove.c I,
upon arriving at an out-of-the-waj
lace ouo e.enlng. Tho host, when
ho wing them to their room, said,
lointing to a door: "'iho showor batn
3 there." Later the lady went into
1! bathroom, disrobed, aud teeing be-
.uie her jus-t a tub aud a tin mug and
nothing moro began to investigate for
tho source of thu "shower." Suddenly
heard a voice appaiontly in tne
toiling say: "If memsuhib coming more
this side J throwing water moie
proper!"
I It is related that a well-known Bos-
' touiuu who was to bu married next
week went to his tailor the other day
land was measured for his wedaing gar-
Intents.    V. lion the agony was over thc
Remember this:   Dr. Hamilton's I'ills
are p.rely vegetable; they do cure liver,
up with a line ot pacing
extending back for moro than two
thousand years, we are roudy to appl)
thu facts here given to the dedaia
lion abovo uuuoalicud, viz; •'That uu
cult has ever beeu t'oalod a natural
pacer, that did not havo :i pacing in-
tiuritaiiro or ancestry from some
source.''
About sixty years ago, more or less,
Pr. William Votiatt, a highly educated
tiiiglishmuu, wrote a book on the hoi*.,
ilmt became known everywhere \<y thu
title, "Vouatt un the Horao." This
book passed through many America*)
editioiis us well as several hlngliali ones
and for halt' it century nt least has
been couulilcreil tho very highest nuth-
urity un the subject ot' width it treat-
id. * In discussing the IDIgln Marbles
and the position ot the paring liursc in
motion, 1 e uhih ihe following language: "Whether this was then the
mode of trutting or not, ii  is certain
|lt Is never seen to occur in nature in
the present, day, and indeed it appears
'Inconsistent with the nocospnry balaitc-
ing of the body, uud was, therefore,
more probably au error of the artist."
We have not quoted Doctor Vuuatt
lure for thc vnlue of his criticism on
the finest specimens of Greek art, nor
fur his knowledge of the horse history
of his own country, for it is very evv
l dent he was discussing a subject thai
] he ituew uotlthtg nboit, but because he
was a candid, Intelligent man of wide
I observation,  and   like   all   other   Englishmen, lie hf I never seen  nor heard
Prom other writers ante
bladder and kidney trouble. They will
cure you, or yoar money back. '
Mrs. W. D. Rossi tor, wife of a well-
known merchant in Kingston, writes
as follows:—
"Ten years ago my kidney trouble    f
started.    I suffered dreadful pains in   , .f P v ,   «        i   ♦ -■       .1.
; dating  Yountt,  nnd   taking  the  same
1 view, it is safe to say that no p-teor
has been produced in Kngland for at
least 130 and probably 150 years.
| When that dissolute monarch,
Charles II., came to the throne of Eng*
my spine and around my waist, my
back feeling as if hot irons were
running through. I couldn't sleep,
had no appetite, was pale, thin and
very nervous. Cruel headaches, aud
despondency added to my burden.
Not until I had used Dr. Hani-ton's
Pills did I get any relief. Tliey
proved capital and helped me immediately. Eight boxes mado me
well, and now I do my own housework, feel and lock the picture of
health."
Your complete restoration to health
certain with Dr Hamilton's Pills of
Mandrake and Butternut. Refuse sub-
stituti 8. 26c per box, or five boxes
for $1.00, at nil dealers or the Catarrhozone Co., Kingston, Out.
quoting Greek. The lady sitting next
to Payn asked for a translation. Payn's
urcek wns rusty. Accordingly ho assume! a blush, aiid hinted to the lady
thnt it wus sea celv fit for her enr.
'' Good heavens,'' sho exclaimed,
"you don't mean to tuny  '
"Please don't ark any more," murmured Payn, "1 really could not tell
you.''
*    *    *
A tourist in the mountains of Ten*
nessee once had  dinner with a quern-
bind, lie became the leader jf hie i eo-
pie in the reaction that followed Puritanic  severity  of  morn is,  a*ud   III  the
wild whirl of vice and dissipation h.i
was  a   most   prominent   figure        I'lie
race-conrso  was  one  of  hia  absorbing
uttru'ci'ins,  nnd   by   his   example  nnd
'under  his  Influence  Eastern  horses—
j ■in'-h'-.  and   Arabs—were   brought   into
| Kngland in great nuni.-crs for tho improvement or the  Englisli    ruci'-liut'se.
Under this tide of  Eastern blood the
high tor typos of native  lit.gl.s-h hmwa
were gradually submerge!      Tho Barb
and  the  Arab  has  neve.*  been  Known
; to  pace   in  any  ago  or country, ntnl
before these fashionable -ind antagonistic elements and infJi.OTiTS thu native
1 English pacer was swallowed up, and
j thus  disappeared   from  all   knowledge
| of   Englishmen  for   tho   poat   huuilrod
and  fifty  veins.      This is not ''* spctu-
I ltttiou, nor a theory, nor nn ar-iuuei't
but it is the experience of history verified.
Ono
hero!
HE-,OI0 HENS
does    not    generally
tailor coui-lic.l apologetically and said:  loua old mountaineer who yarned nbout i,.lt ;'n
'1 am sorry, Mr. — —, but 1 must
1 ask you to pay cash for this sul
" what/" erica our friend, "Why 1
had an account with you for eigne years
now, and I've always settled promptly
at tho end of every month." " -tTep,
sir," answered the tailor. "Vou havo
always been prompt. But up to now yuu
have always had the handling of your
own money, sir.''
A country hotel, a good deal frequented by motorists, took in a showman and his pe forming bear, and one
morning the bear escaped from the
stable. Everybody fled before the
»j Imal. Tue hotel man, however, pur-
med it courageously. It enterc I the
hotel, mounted thc stairway, pushe I
open a be (room door and vanished.
'1 hen tho hotel man, close behind,
heard from the >odroom an angry exclamation in a feminine voice and the
words:
"George, dear, how often have I foi
biddon you to come into my room with
out knocking—and in your automobile
coat, too!"
to  the   useful   domostii
,     ,    . ,.,,      The Bird Our Brother." Olive
hard  times for  fifteen minutes at    a Thorne Miller quotes bir  Edward Ai-
i^«m .. . uold's story of the bravery displayed
*;\Vhy, man," eaid the tourist, "yon|by a hon wuen a forrot,.escaped from
ought to be able to make lots of money confinement, suddenly appeared before
"hipping   gieen   corn  to  the  no.thern jjor.
waa the sullen re
land, 1 suppose,
ily. I
md
market.
"Yes, I orter,'
"You have the
can «*ot the seed
" Yes, I guess so."
1''1 hen  way  tiou't  you  go into  the
speculation?"
Wo ure, stranger," sadly replied
the cracker; '' the old woman is too
lazy to do tne plinighin' and plantin','1
Sho wns in charge of a brood ef
chicks, nnd tho ferret was evidently
after something to oat.
"Imagine," says the na-rator,
"some rural matron abruptly confronted with a dragon or Coaming tiger!
Terror wouhl paralyse her. She could
and would pruba-jiy do nothing but
scream; but this fussy, foolish littlo
Dame Partlctt fluffed out her gallant
plumage and went for the monster so
,,  ,,   , ,, \ Ifforously,  pecking  and   kicking  ami
At Port Monroe some time ago (this  bewildering  him, that   the  11111,7 ones
is an old story), where one of the ves- were 3afo,J      ,.hoil hl .. Bmall iir trefl
sels of tho navy was temporarily await- beforG the dangerous beast  had  filled
orders, a delegation of army ofllco s hla  wicko(]  mi)Uth  with  hor  fathers
ia or4
[ lr.int.s-
r.y m in
jMJSOltlil.N" ;,.J]..,U rurt IJ por
oo-*'-» p; irtirdsw of UnilTorotl.   l;o ttlOiroe* '■
W.F.YOOno,Mi.F„ltotymansBMo» Montreal, Can,
«h« r,.,r,ukrM hr mirns •m.C * »n« M., ni.*iit.-.-n
in   \tt\0\H,  OBIfl   ft   -iiixll tl. fl).. W\n*\m* » Ufc
ft t .ari IUJWUUU« WUM. O*-. LtsU fUMnltf. —,
On tho occasion of a football match,
in England, between a number of military officers and n team of lawyers, the
former ua I prepared a splendid lunch
for the visitors before the gamo. Both
teams did thorough justice to the lunch,
und the legal gentlemen going in
strong for champagao and cigars, the
officers anticipated au easy victory. On
looking toward tlie football ground,
howovo"1, nftor lunch, the officers ospiel
a remarkably frc-h looking lot of
giants kicking Iho ball nbout, nnd, In
umnzomont, spaed their guests who the
strangers wero,
oh, ' ro Hod ore of them, flnirhing
Ins  last  glass  of  champagne,  "thoso
are our playlne team; we are only the
lunching team, you know."
»   *    «
Downcast, tho rejected durky suitor
declared he bad been oncourogod, only
to bo rofupo'l, Sho wantod to know
w,.at bIio had dene to lend him to think
i li ■ had love 1 him, Whereupon ho
puirl whon rlio duncel with othor men
?lie kent them at arm's length, but
when rho danced with him rho loarcd
lusky head on Ids brond shudder
and almost let him carry ber.
"Pat wan't love." alio sniffed. "Dat
WUS! to It eon mnh foot of'n do flo' sn'«*
yo* woulln't bo trompin' all ovah mah
toes—yo' such a po' dancer.
Not so long ago n knowledge of Latin
was ossontlal to nn orator and lone quotations from the Romrn poet" emboli-
ishod every debate, dnmo-t Payn, the
novelist, was once nt n dinner party
where a learned clergyman Insisted nn
stationed ut tho fort camo nbunrd.
Tnoie is a ret naval regulation that nothing can bo so on board ship until the
com'manding officer orders it. While
the army party were looking over the
ship, twelve o'clock arrived,     A junior
and ai.gr,.y given up the tdiase,
"Our glorious order of the V.G. has
been awarded lor deeds which were the
merest  child's  play  compared   to  tho
valour of that heroic hen."
A similar do vot ion was exhibited by
oflicer approached the captain and said, this universally misunderstood bird
wi.,,1 a salute: "It is twelve o'clock, during a disastrous lire in .Minnesota,
sir." I known  in  the annals of the Mate ns
"Make it po," responded the captain, j the Hinckley Plro. When walking over
the ruins a man discovered a dead hen
sitting elese on the ground.    He poked
ght bells were struck.
army officer!-' suspected that the
CANADA'S      GREATEST      SCHOOL
£STA8USH£D tS6£.\^_^yW
Cor. Pottag? Ave. and Fort St.
Awarded first prizi* nt World's P.i-
positinn on its work and methods.
Write for a free catalogue. Wealsc
give instruction by mail.
A Foe to Asthma. Gl\o Asthma hilf
!n chance and it gains ground rapidly.
' Bui give it repeated treatments of Dr.
I. )>. Kellogg'a Asthma Romedy nnd if
Ivil! f-11 back even faster, There is nn
half way measure nbout this remedy. It
got s right to work nml drives nsthmn
out, It reaches the in must breathing
paspngrs and leavrs no place for fhe
troublo to lurk.    Have it by you for
| ready use.
and
T
navy men wanted them to ask some
questions and get sold, or that this was
a bit of roolery got. up to joke the land
wnrrlorB. Some time after, a party
of tho army ofllcers invito i the officers of the warship to dine with them.
'Ihe dim er was progressing when a
lieutenant entered aad, saluting (ho
sonlo: oflicer present, said, gravely:
"Colonol, the major's blind liorse is
dend."
"Make it so," responded the colonel,
with the greatest gravity, and the dinner proceeded. *.othlng was said at
llie time, but the navy olhVors toll the
story.
her with his foot, when she fell over
and disclosed tt lively lit I It; brood of
ducks, which ran out, apparently glad
to bo released r-be hnil protected
them with her own life, for she could
easily have escaped  horsclf.
With the Horses
In 1667 the Duke of Newcastle published his vpry pretentious work on the
horse, in which he minutely describes
the action of the pacer, and speaks of
him ns a variety nut then uncommon in
England. 'Ihis wns the turning n-vnt
m the history of the pacer of Groat
Britain, for a hundred venrs later he
had literally nnd completely vanlsli
and not a single pacer was to bi
in nil England.
About the beginning of the eighteenth century the Xarrngnnsetls were bo
ing distributed through all the American colonies- and from their superior
luulities us saddlers nnd their groat
speed in contents against all others,
they had become the idols of th.1 p.-o
plo. - The ince track nt Littlo Neck
beach, in South Kingston, IM., nnd the
track among the trees of Race Street,
Philadelphia are tho only two of which
PATRON SAINT OF FOOTBALL
Fooioa,.crs may be interested in (he
following piece of folk-loro about the
game.    Although   it   is   not   generally
1 known, football hus a patron saint. In
1520 a boy named Hugh, who was one
of the champions of his day, had tho
misfortune io kick a ball through tho
window   of  a  Jew's   house,   whether
I the bull atruck tin- man or any member
of his family is not known, but certain
it is he was very much incensed about
tht! affair. Determined on revenge* he
enticed the unsuspecting Hugh into his
homo and plunged a knife in the
yo'.ith's back. The English people were
I very much  cut up about the loss of
! their champion, albeit not ns much so
las wns Hugh. They severely punished
his  slayer,  made   the  ypuug   football
j player a .Saint, and gave him a big and
expensive funeral.     They even wrote
j verses; bad verses, but still verses, describing the virtues of "sweet Sir
Hugh" and his prowess as a football
found' iPtoyfo
Football was forbidden in Elizabeth's
reign under pain of imprisonment, the
reason being the extreme brutality of
the game, wo aro told. Ami .lames J.
debarred "all rough ami violent exercises like football" from his Court.
In  spite,  however,  of  tho prohibition
®mm
u
rvT'p"^ fVM'i'MUie HEALS THK r.UMC.-J
- ■■•Wj"»J wWUUtilOi'KICli, 35CiUlig
Pickle's Anti-Oonsumtive Syrup
needs no rocommendotion. To nil who
aro familiar with it, it speaks for itself.
Years of use in the treatment of colds
nnd coughs and all affoctlonfl of tbe
throat has unquestionably established
its placo among the very bent medicines
for such diseases. If' you give it n
trial you will not regret it. ?ou will
find it "~t cents well invested.
igainst tho game, the London appren-
ices often kicked a football about tho
itrcets to keep themselves warm iu
viuter, and it is on record that in the
levore frost of 1665 the London streets
.vero "full of footballs."
LONG-DISTANCE POSTCARD
An ordinary pictorial postcard, post-
'ii at Bridge of Allan and Intended to
be delivered nt an address in Newmills,
Low Vnlloyflebl, has had a remarkable
'ourney before finally reaching its destination.
Tho postcard was entrusted to tho
.•nro of tho postal authorities on Saturday, duly 1st, and it only roachod the
uldresseo on Wednesday, October 4th.
The postcard was adtlressod, "Mrs.
 , Low Vullcyfield, Newmills, Fife"
The sender, in writing tho word
"Fife," unconsciously mndo it rescui
bio "Fiji," and consequently to thc
Fiji Islands it was dispatched. Tin
missive, therefore, has travelled mnnv
boustinds of miles before reaching tin
Fife village.
It bears the pnstinnrk Suva (the
capital of the Fiji Islands) nnd tin
dnto Augusl 17th. UHI, wltllo (hen
ilso appears in writing, "Try Fife,
Scotland.''
Many motiuis have ronson to bios*
Mother lira ves' Worm Exterminator
because it has relieved the little ones
of sniveling and made them healthy.
ABE YOUR CORNS TENDER
Why keep thom—why Buffer, wh«n
cure can bo had in twonty-four hours
by using Putnam 'b Painless Corn and
Wart Extractor! Its healing balms and
soothing qualities relieve the pain in
a few hours, the hard kernel of the
corn is dissolved away. Absolute satisfaction in a 25u bottlo of Putnam's
Painless Corn and Wart Extractor.
Germany and Franco have exchanged
notes concerning tho Moroccan question—-a much moro sensible game than
exchanging bullets.
Automobile men suggest requiring
'hau (Sours to pass an examination.
That won't bother reckless driver*
if they can do thnt, as fust ns they
pass people wanting to cross a struct
ii* board a car.
Tho Pill That Brings Rcllcf.—When,
if'ti-r one has parlnki n of n meal ho is
ipprossod by feelings of fulness and
niiis in the stomach ho sulTora from
tyspepsia, which will persist if it be
'tot dealt with. Parmelee's Vegetable
Pills are the very best medicine that
■ti iw taken to' bring relief. Those
pills are specially compounded to deal
witli dyspepsia, and their sterling
qualities in this respect can bo vouched
for by legions of users.
McBEAN BROS.
GRAIN CCMMIFSICN
MERCHANTS
This sermon it la ImpcratlVD fur tho (armor to not ovory rem poBBlbto out nf Mn Brain,
licit an wi1 linve boon in tlio crnlli business kIiicc 1883, wc should Im nblo tn ntTer the farmer
tie dost n.lvi'e possible mi tho subject id marketing liis [twin to ndvitnlrigo. Tho clnsing
df navigation is nn argurront why Kruin bIhuiM tic lower in price. Write us for full pui'tiau-
lurs how u« ship grain, mil also why we contend that markets should not go lower.
Ford im ii O or 8 ounce samplo of your crnin mul we will grade it ami ntlviai" you Un
n'ltl  vntce.     You   will   then   be   convinced,   when   you   ma'to  comparison   with  filiei't  prices,
ilmt this is the only proper way to market grain, We aro lic'imed nnd bonded, and w*
UNDPH£TANW this business TMfV'orGHl.Y, nnd that COl.NTS.
Reference:  flank of Hamilton, Winnipeg, Mnn.
NOTE.—Farmers who aro near enough the O-ent Northern Rnllwny to load enrs with
hurley should write hb for particulars about shipping to Mlnnenoolis Wo are netting our
fa ni er prstomors, who ran shin barley on thin rond, from lOo to 15a per bushel more than
liy Rhipiiiny lo either Fort William or fort Arthur, buiiilni paying the 80c per bushel duty
McBEAN BROS.
Grain Exchange Winnipeg, Man.
YOU CAN STOP £ta*
Among your horses for fear Distemper, Pink Kye, Influenza or Catnrrhnl Fever will attach and ruin some of
them, if vou will use on tho first indication of the disease
£POHN'S LIQUID DISTEMPER CUKE. It is the beat
conditioner and kidney remedy yon enn find. 50 cents a
bottle, $."> a dozen, und sold by all good druggists, turf
goods houses or manufacturers,
SPO H MtDICtL CO. Uem.s.s and Bjcteilo'oslsts, OGSHEH, IND., U.S.A.
i-LJr
HARNESS
KEEPS   VOUR   HARNESS
SOFT   AS   A    CLOVE
TOUGH   AS   A   WIRB
BLACK   AS   A   COAL
Sold bu Denier. Everywhere
OIL   The Imperial Oil Co.. Limited
ascribe
HffJSN
n    w'
It Never Flickers
The long winter evenings give a woman a splendid chance for sewing or
embroidery; but her eyes
suffer from the strain unless
she has a good light.
The Rayo is the best
lamp made.
It gives a strong, diffused light tliat is remarkably easy to the eyes.
There is no glare to il; no dicker.    It lights up a whole room.
The Rayo is an economical lamp, too.
Vou get the most possible li^lit-value lor th(> oil liurned; and the Rayo it,cH 1- a
low-priced lamp.   Yet it is a handsome lamp—an ornament to any room in thc house.
The Rnyo Lamp is easily lighted without removing shade or chimney; easy to
clean and rcwick.   Made of solid brass, nickel-plated; also in numerous other styles
and finishes.
Ask your dealer lo show you 1'., line of Rayo l.imps; or write for descriptive circular
to any agency of
The Imperial Oil Company, Limited
WHEAT, BARLEY
OATS, FLAX
Diving to po much UDfHfur»ble wenthut, many farmere, ovor ionium
Canada huve tfiitliered Ht leu it part of their crop touched b.v front or
■jthcrwifc weather damaged, However, through the In rye shortage in
corn, oats, barley* fodder* potatoes and vegetables- by the unueoal hoot
anil drought uf laat cummer lo the United .stiitei*. Baiters Canada and
Western Europe, there is going to he a steady demand 11 «"0'i prices
for nil the nrniu Western <'atiu<ln hau ritiHed, no mutter what iu quality
may he.
So much variety in quality makes it Impossible tor those i«hh c\
pertencod to judge the full value that should he obtained (or micu gram
therefore the farmer never stood mote iu need of the services of tbe
experienced nud reliable grain commission man to nol for him, ;n tin-
looking ufter and selling of hi- grnin, than he iloos this season.
Farmers, yon will tnorofore do well for yourselves not t<- accept
street or track prices, hut tu ship your grain by carload direct to Port
Willlnin nr Port Arthur, to be handled by us in :i way that will get
for you ill1 there is in it. Wo make liberal advances when desired, on
race!pi of shipping bills f-.r ram shipped. Wo never buy your grain ■<•
our own account, But act a« youi agents in soiling it to tho beat ndvan
tage tor youi account, and wfi do so on a fixed commission of Ic pe*
bushel.
Wc have made a ripeciult} of this, work for many years hint ar-
well known over Western Canada for our experience In the grain tradp
reliability, careful attention to our juftnn.cp*.' Interests nnd promptneff
hi making settlements
We Invite form era who have nut >ft employed ur f writ* to a foi
shipping Instructions and murker Information, and In regard to our
standing in the Winnipeg Grain Trade, and our financial position, w»?
heg to refer yon to the union Hank of Canada, ond any of Iti branches,
also to the tiomtnorcial agenclos of Bradstreets and R O  Dun a i o
THOMPSON SONS & CO.
GRAIN COMMISSION MERCHANTS
703 Y Grain Exchange Winnipeg THE ISLANDER. CUMBERLAND. B.C.
Killing Arabs in Tripoli
Tho accident of hia being a Cana- Thwing, the indefatigable secretary of
Sherman's definition of war is being
widely applied just now to Tripoli,
whom tho Turks are accusing the
Italians of inhuman atrocities, and tho
Italians in reply are charging tho
Arabs with treacherous savagery. Both
aro blamed by Amehcun editors for
their excesses, but ut the samu time
we are reminded that in tho red wolter
of war wo must not expect the punctilio of tho drawing-room, und thnt
Italy is but playing the game ns it, hus
to bo played under trying conditions.
It is rather disconcerting to find a
hitherto bubinlsslvo aud supposedly unarmed populace turned into it fighting
force which (inn un au invading army'a
rcur just ns this army hits its hands
full with an attacking enemy In front.
Other disregard of the nicotic:, ot warfare Booms to huve helped rouso the
ire uf the none-too-stolid Itiiliun Hid
dirty. Bloody retaliation was tu be
expected. And this, notes the Huston
Transcript) "inuy have been fearful"
without actually rendering them liable
to tho charge of violating the convention drawn up nt The Hague iu 1007.
regulating "the laws und customs of
war on land." If, as certain correspondent h of Gorman, Knglish, and
American papers allege, "the Italian
soldiers licensed lo inflict 'exemplary
justice' ny thoir commander got out
of hand und ran amuck, Bputing neither
age nor box, and killing for tho sake
Oi killing," then, thinks the Boston
paper, "the Italian moral character
will fall very low In tho estimation
of tlio world."
This, according to the New Vork
World, whose correspondent. Mr. Pratt*
lis McCullngh, Is authority for tho
most detailed account of tho "atrocities," is just what has taken place.
The Evening Post, too, is convinced
by these reports that these "troops
of n civili/.ed Tower, acting as the missionaries of civilization to the people
Of North Africa, went, mail und sur*
rendered themselves to an abominable
en in i vnl of blood-lust.'' Ami thus
Italy, "which thought fa celobrato Ihe
fiftieth year of nor unification by
planting her ling on the southern shore
of the Mediterranean, Ims only east
upon that flag a horrible blot which
the year-*  cau  scarcely  remove."
Even stronger language Is found iu
tho editorial columns of the Atlanta
Georgian*
"Italy seems to have taken on tho
role of rut id oss destroyer. Turkey is
being out-massacred and out-ntroritlod.
Italy, according to tho press reports,
is OUt-horOdlng Herod ami out-neroing
Nero. It is plunging neck-high Into
outrageous, unwarranted slaughter.
, "The land-grabbing expedition appears to have degenerated iuto wanton
murder—a (leseent short and easy."
Buck statements ns these The Georgian justifies by the quotation of sov*
era! fypi'ul paragraphs from recent dispatches from tho seat of war. Por
instance:
"The 3tailana are seizing bumlr*-tls
of nntlv-38 and bringing them into the
city in chains, and. shooting them in
groups. Italian discipline is dcuoral-
fzed. Fhe soldiers have lost thoir
heads nn il nrC almost out of control
of 0 fit cars.
"Por three days the Italians have
been systematically slaughtering Arabs
in the residential oasis outside of the
city. Every Arab met has beeu shot
down without trial. Many women hnvo
been killed. Nothing more deplorable
than the mnssiures at Tripoli has been
witnessed in a war for many u day.
The Arab? caught were shot in musses."
Tho suggestion of several papers, in
eluding   the   New   York   World,   that
Italy "call n halt," submit her casa
to The Hague Tribunal, to tho prlnci*|
plo  of   which  she  has  assented,   nud
"let tho Court of Nations settle this |
dispute antl stop tho slaughter,'1 does
uot seem  practicable to  most of  the
editors.   Turkish  protests  must  be  in
vain, declares the Springfield Republican, "for not one of the great civilized
Christ-mi Towers could consistently re
pronch Italy for crimes which could bo
found stained deep upon its own record |
of conquest."   The New York Tribune
sees no possibility lor any other pun-]
ish moil t   than   tho  "moral  ostracism" i
of public opinion, ami significantly concludes   its   edilnriul   by   remind ing   us
thnt "over the entrance f,o the Peace
Palace at The Hague a tdcti states that
it   is  'closed   for   repairs.' "     The
World, too, without, exonerating Italy
in  tho  least, can  net holt,  remarking
that "cruelty is Inseparable from wars
of conquest " »nd continues:
"Britain blew Sepoys from the cannon's mouth to blast Iheir hopes of
a bodily resurrection Kitchener violated the M'lhdi's tomb. Knglish, Belgian, Dutch, and French settlers and
officials vie in cruelty to African blacks
whom thoy have robbed of freedom.
(tei'Pia'iy's cosliv conquest of the Here-
to* line been marred by barbarity. The
Japanese massaerod Manchu troops ut
Tort Arthur
"Aro our own 8klrt8 clear? In the
Philippines our 'water-cure' cruelties
and our 'NnlbRnaring -InkeV giving
orderB to 'kill all over ten yoars old'
ehn'vrd u\* faithless to tlio Constitution
and reireant to democracy and the
Declaration  of  Independence.
"No man is good enough to rule
another man without that other man's
consent. The same is true of nations.
Contempt, of 'inferior races' turns
quickly to cruelty when they seek by
rude menus to defend Iheir homes,"
Thero are many, however, who, while
believing thnt much killing not in actual battle has been done by "tlie invaders
nf Tripoli, ami while regretting that
Holy's claim for consideration ns "u
Power enrrying civilization whero it
was needed." is weakened thereby, remember with the Mow York Times that
allowance must be innde "for the peculiar difficulties which the Italians havo
encountered in dealing with ti Joe nt
once fearless and fanatical, and itse'f
by no nnnns notad for scrupulousness
In observing tho restrictions and
amenities of regularized warfare." To
qucte further froir this Times editorial:
"To understabd what has happened
one must, remember, first of nil, perhaps, that tho men in conflict uro wide
ly disimilar—that one side feds itself
superior to 'barbarians,' tho other to
'infidels.'   It is one of tho most often
repeated lessons of history thut a .-pee-
ial irritatioji, causing a special seventy,
is created when confident expect .itio.-H
of easy triumph are deceived, aud uu
enemy supposed tu bo helpless makes a
desperate and effective resistance. In
such cases thc higher nation usually
proceeds to exterminate the lower with
what later is seen to bo ruthless cvin.d-
ty. Massacres of lndiain havo a place
iu our own annals, nnd would appear
more frequently iu thom -f iho ennuis
had not been u good deal expurgated.
I ".lust uow 'treacherous' tho Arabs
haw been is a matte of jpiuioo ami
others ;ire moro .ikely tu remember
than tho Italians that o.e't rigid moralists hardy demand fcho kecpiii'j of faith
with a public enemy, particularly in
resistance to in valine. Pew iu'ui'-'s
would deal gently ,vhh foes who fight
[till they die an.I hardly know what the
word 'surrender' means Thit ehaiac-
♦oristic of the Arniis has been repent"!1
ly mentioned iu the dispatches as explanatory of the Italian harshness, and
it does explain to some extent why few
I opportunities to get rid uf tuch foes
havo been neglected. The killing of
| women nud children has unquestionably been accidental, and perhaps often the result of ihe Arab droBS "
| Otlurs ask that du. weight be given
to denials ond explanations from official Italian sources, and to dispatches
from newspaper correspondents in Tripoli contradicting the more sensational
, i epulis nf barbarious atrocities. The
New York Herald believes that the details sent in by its representative effectually dispose uf "the recent wild
accusations,1' and th o" defamation of
a gallant army and a chivalrous nation." The New York Tress and New
Orleans Picayuno take tiie same view
of the matter, while the Pittsburg
chronicle-Telegram is convinced that
Ihe Charges against tlie Italian troops
ia Tripoli are "palpably false and
malicious," An official statement
signed by Gonoral Caneva, iu command
at Tripoli, makes a categorical denial
of the talcs of butchery, refers to orders given to thu soldiers "to treat
thc Arabs on the friendliest of terms,
to respect their principles, customs, re
ligion, and women;" uud tells ct the
distribution of food among the poor.
Many local laborers were employed,
and. many of tlie Turkish guns bought
from the people by the invaders weru
returned to them for tlieir protection.
To qucto from this .statement as it appears in tho N jw York llorald:
"These nntivos were allowed to
pass iu and out through our trenches,
and Arabs nnd their caravans passed
unmolested through our lines.
"On October 211 the Turks, together with a largo number of mounted natives and about five thousand
Aralis, all armed with Mausers, at-
tacked our lines in front and in various places iu the town. The Arabs,
thoso of the oasis, suddenly producing rilles, attacked us at our back.
"In many instances these attacks
wero of the most treacherous kind,
the Arm? workmen and laborers employed by as being the most prominent among the attackers, suddenly
throwing down their tools uud taking
up rilles agoinat us
"Arabs with rilles hidden undor
■heir bnraeans (garmnnts) lid not lies
itato to walk up quietly to within a
few yards of our soldier.-, and then
fire on them.
"Even women, concealed behind
bushes and trees, fired on us."
diau is not, alone, tho claim Mr. Law
has upon public interest just now.
That did not gain him the leadership.
Bonar Law ih the chieftain of the Conservative party today, because he is
the most outstanding and brilliant exponent of a movement, which shows
symptoms of becoming a dominant issue in British politics. He is the
king-pin of tho tariff reformers. Mr.
Balfour found that the movement of
tariff reform  was  getting too  Btrong
for him; ho decided to hand tho con- [cards, and imposing publie domouatro
trol ovor to a youuger, moro aggrersive tions have been resurtod to for the
and virile    man.     Balfour,    dreamer, purpose of    impressing    fcho   popular
tho league. Of tho recent "solemn
incineration of utensils employed in the
consumption of opium," at his suggestion, the Illustration (Paris) fays:
"The best people in China, realizing
the perils of tho opium habit, appear
to bo obstinately determined to oppose,
by every possible mcuns, tho spread of
au evil which, in -mite of official edicts,
extends its ruvngis day by day A
veritable battle, has been going'on foi
a long time.     Publie addresses, postal
dilettante and dialectic, triod to ride
both Iho horses of tho tariff reformers and thoso opposed to their doctrine. Bonar Law's convictions are
all in the direction of protection; ho
ia tho uncompromising, unhesitating
supporter of tarills.
The new leader is a son of the manse.
His father was Rev, .lames Law, a
Presbyterian minister In Kexton, Kent
County, New Brunswick. Law, tho
statesman, arrived in the world in 185S.
He was brought up in tho ntmo-jphcro
of the kirk uud public schools at Hex*
ton aud Itichih.-.cto, When he was
twelve years uid, his aunt took him to
Glasgow, Scotland, tu finish his education.
Since then, Mr. Law has resided
mainly in Glasgow, though ho frequently comes to Canada, nnd has always been proud of his Canadian rearing. On his mother's side he hud a
number uf Clusguw relatives called
Kidston, who conspired with his uunt
tu start him in the iron business iu
Glasgow. Ho prospered at, it, becoming at length chairman of the Scottish
Iron Association. Incidentally, he
gained knowledge uf more matters than
iron. He learned to think after the
Scotch mode. lu the city of Adam
.Smith, father of political economy,
Bonar Law began to be enthusiastic
about theoretic questions of trade uud
commerce. In the year 11)00, a parliamentary deputation got after him to
contest Blnckfriars, Cluagow. Law
captured Ihe seat, liis aptitude for
politics was such, thut, twu years
later, ho was appointed Parliamentary
Secretary to the Hoard of Trade. The
Conservative party ran on the rocks in
100(1, and Law, went down in a landslide, hurled by a labor vote. Since
then, ho hus sat tor Dulwich division
of Comber woll and Bootlo division of
Liverpool.
From a New Brunswick kirk manse,
to loader of the Opposition in the British House of Commons, with a fighting
chance of being Imperial Piemler some
day, is a rise without record. In eleven years' parliamentary experience,
this Canadian has proved his qualities
for leadership among the best brains
and blood iu the capital of the world.
Old Joseph Chamberlain picked him
out, us au impressive figure years ago.
Bonar Law's personal appearance
subtly suggests intense curnestness
more than anything else, iu the heavy
.1. Tho Viceroy of Yunnan recently enused to be burnt up in public,
to tho Bound of gongs and fifes, thousands of opium pipes."
This oxnmplo was followed at Tien
Tsln, where, under tho uuspiceB of tho
Anti-Opium League, a big bonfire wns
made in the playground uf the school
of Nan-Kni. Ono of the most re-
markublo features in the work of
Christian missionaries in the Hast, from
the Bosporus to the Gauges, is their
influence as disscminatoiu not only of
religion, but of loojal refinement and
Ruroptan civilization. Tho America.i
aud Knglish missionaries, men and
women, have -lure a great deal, by
teaching ami example, to rouse India,
China, uud Japan from the torpor ot
their Inherited habits, and to teach
them the many virtues of energetic
self-denial. The children who witnessed the destruction of the opium
utensils learned u lesson through their
eves which might have been more difficult to teach through tho ear. The
Illustration thus describes this incident:
"To small logs of wood wero fastened every kind of utensil employed in
tho consumption of the deadly drug
—pipes, lanps, and saucers. These
were piled up iu tho largo exercise
ground, spacious as a field of military
manoeuvres, belonging to tho school or'
Nnn-Kai. A crowd of Chinese hud
assembled, coming on foot or in carriages to witness the burning of what
ihey hail once been devoted to. Keep'
■rig a good distance oil", within the
limits of a vast squnre, they stood in
astonishment it tins solemn conflagration, which some of them eou'd not
100 without feeling a pang of regret.
Meanwhile, the organizers of this
f
The Upper Fraser Valley Farms
The Place Where Fanning Fays
At Luc La Hache, uu the Cariboo
Hood, 115 miles north of Ashcroft, a
man told us thut ut tho 150*Mile House
wo would leave tho best part of British
Columbia behind. That man was rid-
ng a calico cuyusc and should have
known better. As a matter of fact, it
was onlv after reaching the 150-Mile
House tnat we began to find win**, w<
considered tho best uf British CoLnu
bin
Ono who makes his observation.!
from the Cariboo Bond is very liable to
have pesFitnistic notionr at times re
garding the agricultural possibilities of
the laud. North of Clinton the road
ascends to tho summit of a high plateau and follows that level for many
miles. Thero is alkali in littlo stag
nont taken here and there, ami the soil
formation is clay and sand. The ulti
tudo in Mich thnt frost plays havoc
with growing things. The people who
live on this stretch raise a few cattle
and think thnt ul) thc country north
of them to the Police Bivor is just liki
what thev BOO nrotitnl tin tn. Nenr the
i.'0-Mile House thc road descends to a
lower level and conditions change
hugely.
Yet. this- cattlo district is Interesting
and produces a considerable amount ol
wealth. Tho winters are rigorous, to
bo sure, but large bands of wild horses
roam through the woods ami seem to
get on somehow. Stock has to De fed
in the winter time, wild hay being
their principal fooil. This is carefully
athered by the ranchers during tin
summer. In that belt, which extends
for a long distance on the Cariboo
Bead, every man, woman and child
rides like a coi'tar.r—men are cowboyt.
ind some of the g-rls an. broncho bust
ers. We anw some of these latter in
action near the IMi-MiIe liouso. Tin
ranching belt extends over into the
Chileotiu eounfry, which is the centrt
of tho cattle industry of this province
About the loO-Mile House nre many
prosperous  farms, oats and hay  being
Ingular spectacle moved  to and    fro I the  principal  ::rops.      We  were    told
among the onlookers, giving them good
Ivice and suggesting to the smokers
of opium thnt thoy should go to the
hospital to bo cured of tho detestable habit. Ami Mr. Thwing, the
active secretary of the league, himself
li.stribnt-.-d, in the interests of his pro
pnganda, postal cards with pictures
simple and direct as the children's pictures manufactured at Spinal- On
• hese cards wero depicted, lor instance,
three men, lean ns skeletons, smoking
opium.      A tiger approaches with tho
that thero was some fine agricultural
laud east of that point,, iu the Horse
fly country. Along the road from the
150-Mile 'House to Soda Creek, one
meets wilh flourishing farms here nml
there, Tho unique spectacle of i prosperous Indian ranch we witnessed here,
ijouis and Charles, wealthy Siwashee,
have a ranch on which they ruisi
large quantities of hay and grain
Haying was in full swing when wi
passed, purdy Ii-.dinn methods being
used.     An Indian girl would rdo ui
intention of devouring them, but turns.to a haycock and an Indian boy would
away, at if    saying, They    are    too attach a rope, one end of which wat-
It i n n v!
Perhaps   it   might   be   cun-
brow, the bull dog grip of the mouth | eluded from this apologue, by tho law
and the fixed eye glance. His speeches of logic, that opium is to be earnestly
have the ring of responsible utter-j recommended as a dofeiiso against will
aucos. There is little play of fancy beasts. Mr. Thwing did not anticipate
in them; few generalities. They all such an interpretation of the picture,
concern "dry" topics, such us corn,though doubtless it occurred to som-j
taxes, coal duties—tariff reform. They * subtle mandarin, ps hf; lay smoking
bristle with statistics. Mr. Law has his opium."
something to say antl he* can compel 0
hearing on solid subjects without up
peal to passion. As a writer says of
mm: "liis audience would rather list
AS TO DREAMS
For a fashionable woman to dream
than cheer." His capacity for got- that a largo rodent insists upon foiling down to the roots of tariff sche- lowing her about to all the social fune-
dules made him a sort of bibliography tions she attends is a sign that the rat
of new arguments to his former lead
ers, Mr. Balfour and Mr. Chamber
lain. This is what caused Karl Percy
to onco remark of Bonar Law; "Thero
in her pompadour is not concealed as
effectually as she could wish.
If you aro a divorced person, of re-
ent vintage, and dream of whisperiii;
WASHING THE WINDOWS
A boy about fourteen years old, employed at a grocer's, was washing the
windows the othor morning when a
podestrlan with a squint in his eye
came  along and  stopped  to say:
"Boy, don't you see tlmt the water
is running all over tho pavement and
making it so slippery that peoplo are
liable to fall and break tlieir necks?"
"Yes, sir, I do," was the reply.
"Then why do you wush your blooming old window's?
"It's the orders of the boss, sir. If
the brss should come down and, not
find .the windows washed he'd say to
tne:—
" 'doe, you infernal imp of laziness,
why haven't you washed the windows
this morning.''
"'Because a cock-eyed man with n
Stiff '.nee objected,' I'd reply; and |
then he'd sny that you could go and!
be hanged to you. That would make
you mail, and you'd drop iu lo havo it
out, with him. My boss is a small
man nud humbla. looking, but how he
cun scrap! The minute you opened
on him he'd whirl around and cock
your other eye and smash that other
knee, and thereM be a call for the
ambulance, uud you'd be laid up in the
hospital for at least sixty days. .Sorry
if 1 inconvenience you, t.ir; bat. I huve
got to contlnuo to wash. I've got to
do it to hold my job, and I've got
to do ii to keep the boss from knocking you into the middle of next week,
ami now you know ull about it."
"Yes, I know all about it, and hanged if f wouldn't give two quid for tho
privilege of culling you to mince-
moot!" muttered tho cock-eyed man,
ns he skated over tho wet spot.
is no one who has rendered moro yeo- it is a Bign tlmt somebody soniewhore,
man service to his party." It is at some time or other has been men-
significant that tho choice of the tionlng your case to a third party be*
Unionists   is   a   propondo nntly   ununi- hind your back,
mo.is one. Tho party has been somewhat under the handicap of not being able to agree ou certain policies or
their protagonists. It will he Mr.
Law's task to organize his following flroo
into a unltod, concentrated, definite
force He knows his party; that is
why he hns been selected us its constructor.
Whatever Andrew Bonar Law, creator of policies, contributes to the
thought of the Empire, will be watched with keen interest in every part of
it; und the not least iu that part,
"which lies beyond the sens."
To have a vivid impression in    the
middle of the night that vour wife is
investigating   the  contents    of    your
hange pocket may er may not be a
if on  rising in the morning
bring false contentment, but, till
ovonts,  perhaps, ere  part  of  thc
ANDREW BONAR LAW—CREATOR
OF POLICIES
(By Donald B. Sinclair)
Andrew Bonar Law, M,]\, has been
chosen leader of the Opposition in the
British House of Commons. Homo years
ago, a thick-set, effervescent lump of
a boy called Law, with a shock of
bushy hair, played ball and studied
Latin at the Grammar School in Hichi-
bucto, New Brunswick. Sometimes,
after school hours, he sat on 1 ho docks
anil watched the clumsy square-riggers
load up with lumbar and put out to
sea. It may bo he thought of being
a lumber king or sailor some day. But
Bonar Law, the Itichibucto school boy,
hns beconio un historic pcrsonagc™
the first Canadian, or colonial, to nt-
tnin to the leadership of a great, political party in the United Kingdom;
perhaps on omen of tho days when a
boy from Halifax, Capetown, Calcutta
or Melbourne, may sit in tho sent of
Pitt and Gladstone in tho historic
room at Westminster.
THE OPIUM FIGHT IN CHINA
China's awakening may not be due
to Its discontinuance of the use of thu
jdpe whose fumes of drowsy poppy-
juici
I wo
sumo forward movement toward a
time hi the old land. Silica Ihe boil
fire of the books of magic by the Eph
esian sorcerers, never has such a resolute holocaust nf pestiferous property
been made than was recently Witnessed
at Tien-Tsui, when iho spoils of many
jjiium dens -pipes, lamp, saucers, ••fi-.
-were consimed by the tlnmes. This
wns done under the auspices of the
Anti-Opium League, which is waging a
•stubborn war agalcst the use of this
fatal  drug.      It   is stated  in  the  Hi
efforts to abolish the use of the nar
eotie,   two-tlirds    of   tlio people     of
China aro still addicted to its use, and
we are told:
you find a fivo-dollur bill left therein
it is a sure 3ign that it wns n dream.
To dream that a largo elephant is
(lying about your room, nnd now and
then alighting on the tip end of your
nose and singing "My Country 'tis of
Thee," is generally a sign either that
your wclsh-rabbit last night was a trifle
stringy, or that there is a hole some*
where in your-iriosqnito-not.
To dream nil night of cackling hens
is a fairly reliable omen that nt some
time within the next twu years a fresh
egg will be served at your breakfast,,
though, of course, how it got thore, under prevailing conditions, will remain a
mystery.
To dream while sitting in nn orchestra-chair at a"'moiteru comic opera
that the piece hits three new jokes, a
plot, and one tune that you never hoard
before, is a sign uf a disordered imagination, nnd it will behoove you to
give up red-meat ami starchy fouls for
iv briil period.
If vou dream that you nre listening
with rapt attention und keen interest
to a lecture on "The Influence of
Alexander Hamilton ou Modem Gas*
tronoi'iy," it  is a sign  that you arc
ni" "**/n Ll \"\t T"i *."'""*' '"ii paylnfl no attention    to the remarks
?}T .&&• .,!::"„r TV,..*1....!1 yolr Site is mrskln. ronoornCg cortala
developing tendencies In your character which need immediate constitutional amendment.
If   vou   dream   for   ten   consecutive
"Opium-smokers   are recruited from nights that vou are living on tne fat
the upper classes, especially the uiau-j,,f lno hind,'nml smoking twenty-five-
darins, the government    officials, and con| cigars continuously between'meals
the men of letters, and also frum the that wouhl have delighted the Kpicur-
very lowest classes, day laborers and
others of fhe proletariat. The middle-
clnrs is much less enslaved than these
two extreme orders of tho people The
smoneis begin fhe jiractiso at between
eighteen and twenty venrs of age.
Some boys of ten or fifteen take to
tin     '     '    '■"
cans, it is a sign that you are enjoying a cheap spree for which you should
be devoutly thankful.
To drenm on a stormy winter's
night that the coalman has arrived ami
dumped four tons of five-dollar gold-
pieces into your cellar is a pretty sure
tuny
pipe.     The number given to opium  £,;.,,, that nt'some time during the win
be estimated nt, from one-fifth to Iter  vour  hired   man   will   inform   yuu
two-third;* of the population, according
to fhe region. Thc force of example
and tho contagious diffusion of this
habit are accountable for its wide prevalence. The Chinese smoke opium because they see it smoked nil around
them, just as we uso tho cigarette in
fhe spirit of imitation."
These, of cnjrse, nro the I ims on
which the Anti-Opium League in working. By destroying publicly pipes and
other titousils employed by the smokers thoy practically remove, in Homo
degree, the temptation nnd opportunity
from the youm/. nnd at tho same time
set a stigma on the vice. Tins is the
sen li ment, erpn'sscd over nnd over
again   by   tho   llev.     Edward     Waitc
it your coal supply is on the wane
To dream that you are making a tremendous sensation at the npera by entering the auditorium clad in blue
pajamas, with a bath-towel wrapped
turban-wise about your head, lending a
diplodocus down the aisle attached to a
gold lorgnette ch-iin, is a sign that if
vou attempt to do the same thing in
real life at nny of the New York, Boston, Philadelphia, or Chicago theatres
vou will be handed over to the police,
To dream that yon nre in partnership
with King George nml the Kaiser in it
little delicntessen shop in Kansas City
is an infallible aign tint the next
Swiss cheeso you buy will bo full of
holes.
fastened to the saddle horn, to the haycock. The cayuse, in answer to a vig
orous kick in the ribs, would start
across the field to the barn with the
haycock   bumping  behind.   The  entire
field was dotted with moving haycocks.
At Soda Creek, 1(17 miles from Ash
croft, the road strikes the Fruser for
the first time. Above this point the
river valley, which farther down is
very narrow, widens out on both sides,
and here is to be found tho most con
sidernhlo and richest areu of agricultural land along tho length of the en
tire road. The land rises from the
river in u series of steps or benches.
Thc soil is a deep vegetable loam, in
some cases black, in others a rich
chocolate color. The natural growth
is principally cotton wood and spruce,
trees which in that country are found
only in lich soil. We woro told by
old farmers that onco this light tim
ber ia cleared from the land, tho ver>
best crops grow with minimum cultivation. Tho rainfall is ad equal e, al
though, as a rule, timothy hay crops
arc irrigated.
Some of tho oldest ranches in thc
Cariboo are situated in this belt on
the  oast  bank   of  the  Fraser.      Thi
■unlcvy ranch, the Australian, Hill
bum's, and tne kcistey, are among
these. There iH also a great ileal ot
farm land on the west side of tin
rivor, bin the absence of a road hat
retarded development hore. Now tin.
air is full of railroad talk and railroad
purveys havo been put through oi.
both sides of the river, so that most
of tho  land   hns  boon  taken   up.
If over a farmers' fairyland existed It is assuredly iu the Cppci
l'rnser Valley. Tho ranchers linn
aro making their fortunes us vapidly Of
it' they owned gold mines, and that
with a minimum of labor and worry
This is due fo two caases; first, tin
productiveness of the soil, and, second
ly, to the enormous prices commanded
by hay, grain and farm product:; it
general. Timothy hay sells nt frum
.fii.") to $8-"i per ton. Oats bring from
(» to 7 cents per pound at the ranch
Potatoes nml all other vegetables an
sold ut coiresponding prices. AH
that a rancher needs to do is to get
bis liny in the barn in the summer nml
his oats in the sack, then ho can sit
back at his ease, and, ut the propoi
time, tho purchasers will come bogging
him to accept their money nnd lei
them cart away the products. Thit
curioti'- statu of nlliiirs is partly dm
to tho I sola tod nature of tho country
Development has beer: going o:i nptici
in tho central interior. Tho demaii'i
lor farm products fai exceeds the sup
ply. The outside world where rail
ways run is hundreds of miles away vh
Ashcroft, It costs -1 cents a pound
to haul feed to Koda Creek. Will
this enormous protection behind him
the farmer can put practically his owt
prico on his wares, although the com
ing of the railroad will greatly lucrensi
the Btipplv, the consequence stimula
tion of development will increase tin
demand correspondingly; so that it it
sufe to say tlmt 'anchors in this d's
trict have a ready market and goo<
prices assured foi many years. At-
previously staled, somo of thes*
ranches have been under cultlvatloi
for ns much ns forty years, and seen;
to be still producing as abundantly a:
ever. The farms divide naturally inl
two branches—the ?ju\n ranches aud
tho hay ranches. The best example;
of the grnin ranches sire the Australia!
and Hillburn's, whilo tho Kersle.v
ranch, flfteon miles south of Quesuol
is the leading hay ranch. Here or
less than seventy acres .lames Shop
urd hns produced 2.r)i) tons of timothy,
ns well us u fair-sized stand of oats.
Thu ordinary yield of timothy with
irrigatiun is threo tons to tho acre.
The average vicld of oatu is from 3,'.'(jO
to :i,'J0O pounds to the acre. Ordiu-
unly oats uro reckoned bv tho buahel,
but in the Upper FruHcr Valley whom
they ure too precioua for that, they are
suid by the pound One of tho grain
ran-Ins last season sold 160,000 pounds
of oats at seven cents n pound, which
seems to be a fairly good revenue for
any farmer. The llSUftl formation of
soil here is the loam described above,
with u clay sub soil. On tho river
bottom, however, the seh soil in aomo-
tinics gruvol, and one pro-emptor with
whom wc talked is going to luuko a
rather unusual use of (his. He has
taken up hill acres on a fine clear-d flat
Dolow Alexandria, and next y-nr he
will pat in two acres of walermeloim.
Ho thinks ho will make his fortuue,
and there seems no reason why he
should not, us watermelons in that
country are worth even more than
potatoes. In this valley some successful experiments have beeu mndu in
fruit raising. At Soda Creek we saw
an orchard of young apple trees, nl-
inost every branch being proppod up
lo keep it from' breaking under tho
heavy load of fruit. Small fruita
from ..trnwherries to blackberries grow
to perfection, und some of the ranchers in the district predict a great, future in fruit growing. There ia no
rent-on why this prediction should not
be fulfilled, as there is abundant snow
in the winter season to protect the
trees and plants.
We noticed one unfortunate feature
of fanning in tho Upper Fraser Valley. Owing to the high prico prevailing t'or uay ami -rraj,^ nw i'iirmclB
lor the most, part have been content
to crop tho sumo things yoa.' after
year, without heed to the requirements
of the land. To be sure, it is hard to
trace any effects as y0t. but no soil cao
stand this sort of thing Indefinitely.
The principal markctH fer the products
of the Upper Praser farms are Quninel,
darkervi.io ami J-'ort George.
Cultivation in this valley is not ut
all confined to the older ranches ro-
ferrcd to above. Between Soda Creek
ami Alexaudrin we found a number of
new pre-emptors at work, nnme of I hem
already with good crops of oats, barley,
etc. There is n great deal more goat
land not yet cultivated thau is producing crops, and when the dovulopn.. si
of the Cariboo is a few years older,
the Upper Fraser Valley will .-iui-po-t t>
very large farming cummunitv.
Quosncl, at present the distributing
point for this territory, is a bustling
little town, situated en the Fraser just
above the junction of the (.hicsuolle.
Quesnel has two fine new hotels, a Hudson's Buy post and several general
stores. What will bo the fate of thia
town, after the completion 0f tho
Grand Trunk Pacific, when Port George
will automatically become tho distributing point, Is difficult to foretell.
However, railway lines ure projoctod
down both sides of the Fraser, and no
doubt Quesnel will hold a considerable
sharo of trade, situated, as it is, adjacent to this fertile agricultural country
on tho one side and thc rich Barkerville mines on the other.
AWARD OF THE NOBEL PRIZE TO
MADAME CURRIE
Tho news has just been published of
the award to Madame Currio uf tho
iNobel prizo lor chemistry. This groat
woman scientist thus envoys tho .)*i.ra-
ordinary distiuctiou of having twice
been honored witli this prize, m lUUii
one-half tho award in tlio section of
physics went- to Pierre Cur.c and Mad
aine Curie jointly, the othor half being bestowed upon Professor iiecquerel.
Thc material benefits conferred, with
the prize amount to the sum of $10,-
(KH>, a gift which is r.ot to be despised,
altliougii perhaps tho principal value to
the recipient ires iu the great honor
which attaches to this award, tho list
of the Nobei prize winners comprising,
-is it «tands today, a perfect galnxj
of the greatest genii iu the scientific
world ol our time
lUuionc'
vurtli
ROUGH ON THE CHAIR
A candidate; after addressing a rtieet-
', announced his willingness to un-
[uestions.      One  elector  in   tho
' 1, "Sir, do you think I nm
lian if2 shillings .i weokf"
Tin; candidate, taking u gjod  look
it him, replied, "Well, 1 thin.-., at uny
.•ut-1, yoa aro  not getting too much."
"Well,   then,"   dcinnmled   the   qnos-
donor,  "do  yo  uthink   I  am   worth
,hnly bob a wool1 i"
"Vis," responded the candidate; 'I
lon't thin): that ut all an unreasonable
-vago for yoa."
"Then," shouted the elector, tri
uinpbaiitly. "I wish you would tell
dm I to the old skinflint beside you in
ihe chair, because be is my employer."
Henry Cay ton, shepherd for over
sixty years on a farm nor.r Binyficbf-
.m-iheti con, Northautl, Kngland, has
probably established a record for long
service in his line. Ho lias worked on
.he sumo larm for sixty-four yours,
having begun nt tlio age of six as a
blrd-scarer. He still minds the sheep,
harvests, and does odd jobs, and is
happy with a weekly wage of sixteen
shillings. His wife still lives. They
havo had thirteen children born to
them, rearing them all.
For sixty years mystery has siirround-
,m1 the fate of an exploring expedition
into tho wilds of Australia, led by Dr.
Utdwig Lolchardt, a young Gorman
naturalist, although annouucemeiit was
cceittlv made that relics of tho littlo
band had been discovered in the northwestern part of the country. Acting
in this, the Geographical Society of
South Aus-t alia has Bent an expedition
o investigate, and if it is convinced
hat it has snivel tho inytdory of Loic-
lardt's fate it will mark the spot with
i monument, Lcichnrdt's first groat,
journey brought him worH-w'ide fame,
'or ho and his comrades trcavcllod over
2,501) miles of unknown Australia. Tho
result was a book which ho was des-
ined never to see, ns he plunged again
nt ii thc wildemcts before it had been
printed. THE ISLANDER, CtTMBEfttA ND, IS.;1
A HAPPY and
OSPEROUS
W:YEAR
To All My
PATRONS AND
FRIENDS
Phone 31
Dunsmuir Ave.
THOS.E.BATE
The Magnet Cash Store,
e|um0crfan6 {$afe.
IIKiHAKUS <V JneK. Proprietor*-.
MEALS SERVED AT
ALL. ALL HOURS
When you want a good choice meal cooked to
the King's taste give us a call     ....
TEY OUR HOT  TAMALES.
DUNSMUIR AVE.,
CUMBERLAND
We wish our many friends
and patrons
A Happy and
Prosperous
New Year
and hope that the year
1912 will be a prosperous
onetoall
J
McPhee & Morrison
(Eourtenay 8. <2.
mmmm .mrmmmmmmmmMmmtmMmmmmmjmgmjmm
NOTICE
Having s.ild my bicycle business,
nil account", due must be paid to me.
Tliose having accounts will lender
same to uie,
E. C. Emde.
Palace
Livery
THE BEST of
HORSES and
FIRST-CLASS
BUGGIES
FOR HIRE.
DAVIS & WHELAN,    Props.
COURTENAY, B.C.
ROT. 18
*Afr
COALMINES REGULATION ACT
Board of Examiners.
VOTICE 18 HEREBY GIVEN  that
iho followini* constitute the  Board
nf Examine-* fur the Cumberland Colliery during the year 1012 :—
Appointed hy the mnor—I hades
I' nd	
Al .email.—David >Ulker, Juhn Od-
l*.8pie,
Appointed by the Lieutenant Governor
in Council—R„bert Henderaon.
Elected by the minera, SuniuelWilliam
Alternates—Daniel 8'evar', J W,
Horbury.
Note:—Alternatea act aa Mombera nf
ihe Bourd in theabaence of th. ae reuul
.rly appointed or ilec ed to »o   thoie in.
All poraona inteieated may obtain full
information by applying to the Secret ry
•f the Board, Mr. Robert Henderai n,
Cumberland, ll C
I' oo thia 28th day of December Kill
RICHARD McBRIDK
Miniater of Minea
II.
Practical
ainter
Decorator, Paperhanger
and i
Kalsoniininjjf.
All Work  Promptly
... Attended to...
Residence, Penrith Avenue
Cumberland,    B, ('.
Mra. Sinuns will givo pianoforte !*-•--
aons at her house any lime by appoint
nwnt except. Tuesdays. Address Camp.
Cunil.orlnud, Pupils prepared fort;...
Royal College of Music
FOR SALE—7 i house, li lol,
For terms apply to  Airs.   Ellen Grief
Peudritli Avenue Cuinlollallil R. C.
FOR SALE-Forty hives of bees
will sell cheap. Apply to Ed Creech,
Courtenay, B. C.
CANCELLATION OF RESERVE.
Notice is hereby given that the reserve
ex a'it'g by reason uf iho notice p iblishe
in ihe B'uiah Columbia Gazette of tin
27th December 1007. covering a parcel ol
land situated ou Rcilomla Island, formi-
rly held under Timber License No. lint;!,
which haa lapsed, is cancelled, and the
said lio ds will he open to location after
inididght nn the 14th December 1911,
ROBERT A RENW10K.
Deputy Miniate! ul Land.
Department of Lauds, Victoria, B. 0.
September 12th, 1911.
sep23 dec23
The   annual meeting  of   the   C tnox
Creamery Association Ltd, will he helil
in the Agricultural Hall, Courtenay, on
Thursday, .lan'y., I8ih, 1912 at 8 p. m.
Win. Duncan, Secretary
The annual meeting of the Comox Conservative Association will he held in the
Agricultural H-dl, C urteuay, on Mou-
day, Jan'y., 1912, at 8 r in.. All Oun-
aorvatives iu the Valley are request, d to
attend. Win. Duncan, Secretary.
FOUND—Wednesd o evening, "ii the
Coutti ui-y Cumheili-iol toad, a tady'i
ii. utt* Oil' ean have saine b* a| plyit-i
toF N tt x 380, Ciliubeil..lld PO aw
paying fortius advertisement     dec"':
BI
S88
cm
m
m
m
eg®
m
tlm
dm
H
SSsstSi
, THE CORNER
.'. STORE . .
mo
Sis
CLOTHINO-For one trek only.   Stock re- SffS
8®*5I
);. duction sale continues, 20 per cent discount. Cone ^p
and sec the stork,  nothing  but the 'best. Coppley ||k
•r>V.
m
m
Noyes & Randall's Famous Clothing for menand m&>
boys, SHOES—Ladies' (tent's ami Children's arc |ffi?
offered at this great reduction. ra,
.— ' _ - _ WS«9
s
m
J. N. McLEOD
Dunsmuir Avenue Cumberland
~"v5*.*'i tx v*--*^ y^^e o-srv? Sf 3 ry jsjb s
m*3
Monev
MAKES
MONEY
Tito q-iesli.... if, wliero will It malce the moat? Iu h Bank nt li per cent, fiat
liinititgQ »t 7 per cent, or town lota in Western O.-madu where during tlio year
1911 it in estimated tlmt property values in ten town inerened 600per cent, iuBi.veii-
tt'uii towns 400 per cent, and in town twenty two towns 800 por cunt!
Full particulars of an investment which will make youa property owner in ihrce
of tlie best towns mid ou thu msiest nf terms can In. obtained hy inaili y a pust-
eird to
(DO IT NOW)
D. Forde
Capital $0,200,000
Reserve 87,000,000
Dont JAappy rikea bJufy'8;
do, be sure to orner youi  me'diu   inv
'ationa nt The Isi.anm:k Office   Sample*
at this ottic ■
Visiting cards at t'o* Idiiil.o- o!
See.
Change advertisements for
Saturday mornings issue must
be in this office not Inter than
10 a. in. mi Thursday
OldNewspnpeiK for t,.Ue at T l
I8LAND1SK OFFICE.   25c.   pet
hundred.
THE ROYAL BANK
OF CANADA
Drafts Issued In any currency, payable all over the world
SPECIAL ATTENTION paid to SAVINGS ACCOUNTS, and Intel*
highest current rates allowed on deposits of $1 and upwards
CUMBERLAND, B.C., Branch—   -   -     OPEN D/M"
UNION WHARF, B.C., Sub Bmnch-OPEN THURSDAV-
D. M. Morrison,  Manager
COURTENAY, B.C. BRANCH OPEN DAILY
Wm.H.Hoff,  Manager.
IF YOU WANT A FIRST CLASS PIANO
AT A MODERATE PEICE
Buy a STANLEY
These Pianos givo .satisfaction in tone and toudi and aro built ti
last a lifetime.
We carry the Victor Gramophone & Vicbrola,..
and Victor Records.    Call and hear tlie latest note,..,
The Victor Puzzle Record Price uji.oU
3  EECOEDS IIN"   OHMHj  o
.. DUNSMORE'S  MUSIC STORK -
Church St., NANAIMO, B. C. Opposite Bank ot
Court of Revisi n and Appeal.
A COURT OF REVISION AND
APPEAL undir tlm pri.viii.ihii of tin
Ao8t!Bsiiiout Act refipaoting tlm Ass-h*
ment Roll for tlm yoar 11)12 fur tho
Com.x Aaaeasment Diatrlci will be hold
at t iy Court H<>ise, Ciinibi>rland, on
W dueaday, 17tli January, 1!)12, at el
ev ii o'clock iu thu forein on.
JOUNBAIRD,
lli-puly A*h. pb .r
Combcrl.m.l, II. C, 4th lan'y 1012.
FOR SALE-Singer Needloa aud Oil
at tlm Jbumiicu Oflica.
Subscribe
For The
Islander
loo Boxes Apples
APPL
m   and   m
Winter PEARS
The Best Varieties, Blenheim Orange, Russets,
Kings, Canadian Reels
Bellflower, Baldwins etc.
Price for one week only in 5 and
10 box lots, per box      -   -   $1.75
UNION BAY
©©--OPERATIVE e©MP'Y
	

Cite

Citation Scheme:

        

Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics

Share

Embed

Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                        
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            src="{[{embed.src}]}"
                            data-item="{[{embed.item}]}"
                            data-collection="{[{embed.collection}]}"
                            data-metadata="{[{embed.showMetadata}]}"
                            data-width="{[{embed.width}]}"
                            async >
                            </script>
                            </div>
                        
                    
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:
http://iiif.library.ubc.ca/presentation/cdm.cumberlandis.1-0342400/manifest

Comment

Related Items