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The Islander Jul 15, 1911

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Array LADIES NEW FANCY NOTT
BLOUSES. Stock Cottars, Colored
Top Boots, Silk Lisle stockings and
Parasols just the thing yon unit
want for now.
Campbell Bros.
W ■***«,
vS'
Ha>k *
\'c>
^•£2*/*
•3. Q,
THE ISLANDER
n
Hi
Dootjorgetyou need a Fancy Shirt
Necktie, Belt, Lisle Cotton or Silk-
Socks that wc have a large rauye to
choose from.
at Campbell Bros.,
N.i. .19
THE ISLANDER, CUMBERLAND, B.C., SATURDAY, JTJLY 15, 1911
Subscription price $1,50 per year
UP BEFORE
THE BOARD
Mr. Ooss and The Editor Before Hospital Board
Tn response to invitations/Mr II.
Ooss una) the Editor of thia paper lappa.nival iaaifoio the Hospital Board on
Friday niglit to iliscuss the Goss
changes which appeared in the Iiuhd
ek a month nun.
Tlie editor was criticized for not
making complaints against the hospital known to the board and giving
them a chance to remedy tlie saute before publishing an article like that
which hail resulted ill this investigation.
Asked to reply the editor stated
that reports of poor treatment in the
Public Ward of the hospital had been
common talk on the streets for months,
and he considered the article in quest-
inn to lie in the public interest, moreover he had something else to do besides chasing down members of the
hospital board to tell them tlieir bus"
inoss.
Mr (loss next called upon stated that
everything stated in the ai tide was
the truth. Hu did not have witnesses
with him to buck up his statementsjor
he was not a-ki«l to produce any. He
expressed the opinion that the investigation sluauld huve been made long ago
instead of waiting till this time. Four
of his witnesses had left town since
the article appeared, but the board
might have tlie names of these men if
they desired them. He denied having
applied a filthy term to the Hospital
Board in a Public place when accused
of having done so, but when * mem
her present insisted that he had heard
hint he repeated that he did not rem-
enik'i- using the term complained of
but had lie done so, he wished to with
draw it. He thought thegentlcman was
mistaken as tho terra was not one he
was iu the habit of using.
Mr Shaw gave evidence to show he
was well treated in the hospital, hut
as he was not familiar except by here-
say of the conditions in the Public
Ward his evidence did not appear to
have much bearing on the subject.
. Dr Gillespie was asked a number of
questions, particularly as to the diet he
had ordered in Mr Goes' case. He
testified that he had ordered Mr Goss
on a "haif diet" for sometime. Mr,
Goss replied that he knew nothing a
bout the doctors o-iiers, but he knew
flint ha> got just the same as the other
patients in the ward.
A quantity of second hand evidence
was submitted to prove that. Mr Goes'
charges were not justified but the
parties themselves were not present.
Several of the lioard expressed the
opinion that the charges had been
dlsproven.
Mr Sniithe asked permission to speak
again, which was granted. He stated
that lie had boon critired for not sub
mining n proof of Ids editorials to the
hoard before publishing the same; as
hu was thinking of writing another ed-
itoral he would like to lot the board
know what its contents might be. He
did not consider that an investigation
had been help at all, merely a white
washing and he suggested that the
board endeavor to get ut the facts
uf the case, and secure the evidence of
those nir n who were willing to give
evidence in support of Mr Goss' statements ns it was their duty if they
wished to investigate impartially to get
all information possible bearing on tho
case.
The chairman could not see it in the
same light as the editor and thought
the suggestion absurd.
The guests of the evening then withdrew.
NOTES
OF INTEREST
What Is Doing In Local Sporting
Circles
The Y M. R. 0. football team
went down to defeat liefore Ban Herman's aidesteppers the score was 3-1 in
favor of the boys. A Jack won the
toss and decided to kick down hill the
first half. The first half was a ding-
dong struggle the full length of the
field and ended by the Y.M.R.C. tallying one goal.
The side steppers seemed to have a
new lesseon life after the whistle blew
and the way their forwards worked
was * treat, their rushing and passing
being excellent. The score being an
excellent indication of the game in the
last half. Where so many were gooal
it is hard to praise, but Parks, Tapella,
Zannia and the two Boyds starred for
the sidesteppers, Jack Golden, Mounce
Williamson and McKay for the Y.M
R.C.
Scotty Clark the Blues new goal
keeper was the hero of the day at Mc
Cutcheon's point. The captain went in
swimming and left his leg on shore
the tide came and washed it nut to sea,
snd Scotty without a moments thought
dove into the water and rescued it
and besides that, he rescued two hotth's
that a well known butcher and surveyor lost Thanks, it was nice ami
cool, but oh you barnacles.
Oh you McCutcheons point, nevci
again, stk about 21 Lacrosse playera
Ths iwimroing was the only redeembig
feature.
The Pilsener baseball team has made
arrangements to play Ladysmith team
here about the first of next month, snd
a return game to . be played in Lady
smith about the last of next month.
The Pilienert are going to have their new
suits her* for their game with Ladysmith and with the hslp of two or three
nsw man they th uid make Ladytmith
go some
We of tine* hear of boxers, runners
snd bioycle riders etc. bringing home
the bacon, but Johnnie Bannerman it
ths first we ever heard of to bring home
the mutton.
We have two coming sprinters in Cum
berlaud in the two Hundens, jr and a
few years oo their shoulders will put
them away up.
TBE ORANGE
CELEBRATION
Crowds   On   Twelfth
At McCutcheon's
Point
Wednesday last July 12th. the Courtenay lodge L.O.L. attiited by the local
ihapter and Orange Young Britons held
s moat enjoyable picnio atMcCutoheun'i
point.
The lodge members with their wives
and families enjoyed themselves to the
utmost participating in races ot all dis-
criptioiis, a football game wat started a-
bout 0:30 and lasted until the ball came
in connection with a barb wire fence
puncturing the ball before a goal wat
waa   scored, and to the game was called
r.
The White Lacrotte team failed to
materalize to play the bluet for the cup
donated by the committee for a game
between the twai teama, sides were picked however and those on the field had a
good half hour play, the score wat 4-1
for the Bluet.
The crowd started home about 6 o'clock
happy but tired, at old Sol waa out iu
full strength celebrating the glorious
twelfth.
Many comments were heard on the
grounds selected by the committee ti
hold the picnio, tbe place for its senic
beauty wat ideal but at a place to hold
athletic competitions it waa the nukes!
imaginable.
KILLED AT
\    nv
TOWN TOPICS.   »
La.„ ~~^,«^J
Train  Hand Crushed
Between Water
Tanks On Cars
An unfortunate accident by which
Harry Robinson lost his life, occurred at
Oiiur-.eiiay on Saturday last at 2 pro.
The deceased, together with two other
employees of the Logging railway were
riding in a flat car upon which were two
large water tanks, while on the car in
front waa a load of loga, Three of the e
'ogt lolled off while the car waa in motion, one of the logs hitting the tanks on
ihe flat car and sweeping them off, Two
of the men jumped clear and escaped
with minor injuries, but Robinson wat
caught and horribly cruthed.
The deceased wat a married man and
leaves besides tit wife a young chUdto
mourn hit  lost.
The remain! were thipped south on
the 8.S. Cowichsn on Sunday for interment in Victoria,
LOCAL MAIL SERVICE
Arrival
Tuesday night
Thursday night
Saturday night
Sunday, per Cowichan 9 a in.
Departure
Wednesday—6.00 a.m.
Friday—6.00 a.m.
Saturday—4.15 p.m.
Sunday, 2.15 p.m. sharp
Visiting cards at the Islander of.
lice,
TO THE FARMERS OF COMOX
DISTRICT.
The Pilsener Brewing Company, o
Cumberland, has a quantity of grains to
dispose of weekly, and would like tenders for the tame.   Apply to the Sec'y.
Change advertisments for
Saturday mornings issue must
be in this office not later than
10 a. m. on Thursday.
FOR SALE-Pamy, buggy and har-
neis.   Apply,— VV. Keeuan, Camp.
Once more Moiuiay the regular
mealing night of the City Council
went by without a session being held,
there iiemg insufficient members of the
board present to form a quorum, -the
mayor, and Aldermen Parnliain and
Willard were alone on deck.
If you wish to make your piano or
furniture appear just like new, try a
bottle of Boyle's Piano and Furniture
Polish, it is an exceptionally good
polish and you will not use any other
after having tried it once. Ii is put
up in 75c and $1,26 bottles—For sale
by ChasSegiavoat "thu Islaudei"ol)iae
Cnmlicrland ^^^^^^^_
FOR 8ALE-20 ft. motor launch, 5:7
hurts power, two cylinder Fairbanka-
Mnrse engine, guaranteed in good shape
aud practically new; alto boat house.
Apply thu otliue.
The local Knights and Pythian
Sisters will attend service in a body at
the Church of Eiigluinl tomorrow evening.
WANTED- llaalders of acreage, land
in vicinity of Victoria, Oak Bay or
Saauich diatrict. Mutt be clote ill. Apply box 787 Victoria, B. O.
FOR SALE—Telephone polls and cedar paiatt. Apply to Alex. Gray, Cumberland.
The store clerks held a picnic up
the lake on Tuesday afternoon, about
.10 muking up the party.
FOR SALE-Singer Needlet and Oil
at the Islahdkk Office.
FOR SALE—.Agreement of tale it
big discount.   A bargain.
Apply A.B.C.
Ismneer Orrict
We are prepared to sell acreage
large or small tracts, on the Harry Martin ranch, one mile south
of Courtenay on the Cumberland
road. D. Martin, Bruce Towler,
Courtenay, B. O.
H.OB.O.
Already the fashion sheets are showing cuts of the latest creation in gai-
inents lor the fair sex for fall end
winter wear. Now then you, Mr Man
especially you who are husbands and
fathers, you who have to dig so deep
iii your pockefc for the muuuine, that
you wear your finger nails out to pay
for clothes that your wife or daughter
may lord it over -Mrs or iMiss Next
Door.
Did you ever stop to think lis you
fall into your Sunday liest, a four yeai
aaid suit how often the fashions have
aihangcil in woolens wearing apparel
in the last few years, anal how many
photographs printed in Ottawa it has
cost you to keep peaeo in the house I
If you have never I will give you
the benefit of my experience and what
I have noticed in my travels.
In the first place we are told that
a fig leaf was suflicient covering for
the human being; well there would
not be much expense attached to a
dress like that, then when something
happened in the garden and our first
parents became aware of their nakedness they changed to a flowing robe:
well raiumeuts like that wouhl not
hurt the pocket book much. About
that tim.' looking glasses were invented ami man learned 1imw to lie snd
woo, women became aware of the fuel
that she was bountiful or nearly so.
with the result that she must have
a different style for each dirade. I
wouhl not be so bail if the waists
wouhl a-hange but whenever anything
happens il is ihe skirt. First, wa> hail
the hoop skirt, anal last the harem.
ilie most sensible, the ni"st liygenic,
anil the most serviceable of the lot.
The hoop skirt dial not lait long, it
was too big and clumsy for comfort:
then the long trailing skirt of which
the large skirt now in vogue is a great
improvement.
The large siVrt may lie all right as
a street sweeper anil a distributer of
of germs of all kinds but us a sanitary
creation it is away oil' as a women
on the street endangers the health of
all who are near her when she disturbs
tlie germs that have settled on tli
sidewalks, starting them out anew in
their career of distinction. The young
er fallow might prefer this style but
they don't pay the bills. Then we
had the Empress gown, n style to admire on 'a woman, with the shape of
Va'nus, it never was vty popular;
the sheath gown the least said about
this the better, although a woman
could display hor hosb to advantage.
Then wo come lo tlio hobble a gn'at
improvement- on the styles mentioned
above, luit it is not adopted to all class
of women,    it a woman* pedal cxtreui-
DIED
At Courtenay on Sunday, July 9th,
L. P M. Anderton, Only aon of Mr. aim
Mrs. P. L. Anderton. The funeral toot
place on Monday for interment in the
Roman Catholic cemetery, Comox, Tbe
Rev  H. Mertens officiating.
T. E. BATE
FOR PARLIAMENT
Beceives   Nomination
From Conservatives Here
On Monday evening the Conservative Committee Kooms were packed to
the door, the occasion being tho select
ion of a name to place liefore the Con
servative Convention to beheld on July
29th. for the purpose of choosing»
candidate to contest Comox-Atlin in
t'ie forthcoming Dominion election.
Mr T. E, Bate was unanimously
chosen us the choice of the Cumlierlanai
Conservatives Association, and with the
aid of the Comox and Courtenay Con
servative Association, which lias already been promised, and with the
aid of the Conservative organization
of Alberni and Port Alberni whirh it
is confidently expected will co-operate
with the local Tories in selecting
an Island man, it is confidently expect'
ed Mr Bate will have no difficulty in
securing the nominations of the party,
and it is conceded on all sides that u
stronger cand date it would lie very
difficult to secure,
Dozens of Liberals have already
come forward and assured Mr Bate of
their support, antl the personal pop
ularity of the candidute, and the con
fidence that is felt in his ability aim
integrity is sucii as to assure him pile
ing up an immense majority iu hia
own district, where he is best know,
Mr Bate is a native son of British
Columbia, who has grown up with tin
country and knows its wants as fe»
men do.
DIED
At Little River, Comox, on Thursday,
July 13th, James, youngest son of Mr.
and Mrs. W. J. Miller. The funeral
took place from the family residence yes-
rerday morning for interment in the
Roman Catholic cemetery, Comox. The
Rev. H- Mertent otliciatiiig.
Wrf were presented this week with
a alisti of some extremely fine
strawberries by Mr Malludo. The
buries were extroaditiury size and llav
or, ami remarkable to stale these her-
ies were grown on plants raised from
seed by Mr Melhtdo.
AT
UNION BAY
Hies are on the larger size the hobble
has a tendency to make them appear
larger, the hobble does save us some
money though, as we do not have to
buy so many pieces of while gooals
as formerly.
Now we come tn theHarem style; it
may look odd right now but to come
down to cases, did you ever think how
funny Adam and Eve must have felt
whon they shed tho fig leaves or how
the Romans first looked when the
men cut their flowing robes off above
the knees exposing tlieir limbs to the
clement, or when the Frenchmen first
put punts on.
Different style clothes are made for
men, of all shapes, the stout man
wears clothes of a solier hue, the thin
man wears loose fitting clothes and
tho man with big feet wears large cuffs
that si't on tho instep covering hisfool.
Women could do the same with the
harem skirt nnd ho comfortable.
Man the only   way   11 save money
is In havo   women   wear clothes like
men so the fashions cannot ohnnge
often and with  such disastrous effect
on your wad?
Fashionable Wedding
At The Bay On
Tuesday
(Union Bay Correspondence.)
A charming wedding took place at
Union Bay laat Tuesday at five o'clock p.
m., at the Institutional Church, when
Miss Harriet Hooper w- s united in the
Holy Bonds of matrimony to Mr. Albert F. Benton, of Ketchikan, Alstks.
The ceremony wat performed by the
Rev. Mr. Kidd. The bride who was
given awav by her father came up the
«iale to the strsins of Mendelssohn's
wedding rasrch played by Milt Drew.
The happy couple ttood under a beautiful wedding bell artistically made by
Mitt Drew.
The bride was charmingly gowned in
a beautiful whit* duchess satin gown in
train, beautifully trimmed with pearl
and sequin banding with veil and orange
blossoms. The only jewellry the bride
wore wss her grandmother's brooch (over
a hundred years old.) Her titter, Mrs.
A. Muir, who was matron of honor, was
beautifully gowned in old rote satin,with
ailver sequin trimming; her bridesmaid,
MiasEvelvn Campbell looked beautiful in
old rose satin trimmed with cream all
over. The fl .wer girl, little Mitt Kathleen Muir, looked too tweet for wordr,
alreited all in white carrying a basket of
roset and fern.
Mr. A. Muir, brother-in-law of the
bride acted the dutiet of belt man. Tho
groom's gift to the bride was a beautiful
liamond pin and a dog collar of pearls :
o the matron of honor a lovely ahiit
waist set of nuggett and old ivory; to
the bridesmaid, a beautiful ring of old
ivory and nuggett, and to the flower girl
a lovely brooch, the groom alto present-
aid the bride's mother with a lovely
brooch.
The church was beautifully decorated
by Mn. H. Drew, attiited by Mrs. O.
Russell and also the bride's girl friends.
The psrty drove to the home of the
bride's parents in automobiles and par-
ook of a beautiful wedding supper.
While the wedding party were leaving
the church Miss Brown and Milt Glover
sang "The voice that Breathed O'er
Eden." After supper Mr. John Cameron
cook the wedding party for an automobile apin, then the happy couple return-
aid to hold their reception which took
place from eight till ten.
The groom made the wedding ring
himself also  the other   presents.
The happy couple left mid thowers of
rice and good wishes, by the stesmer
Joan to travel for two months, sfter
which they will tske up their residence
in Spokane, Washington.
New window curtains in lice, scrim
and mutlin. Curtain muilint, MaJrat,
art pattern!, window blind., portieres,
extension rods. Big tale on laces and
embroideries st Campbeil Bros.
The Contervativet of thit city are tn
be congratulated upon their selection of a
candidate. Many life long Liberals have
expressed their intention of supporting
Mr Bste at the the poll, if he tucceVdi
as there it every prospect of him doing,
in receiving the nomination st the general convention to be held on the 29th.
inst. Comox district would undoubtedly
give Mr Bste an immense majority.
Men't heavy black ribbed locks, regular 60o and 60c. 3 pair for tl.00. Men's
fine summer underwear in blue, pink
and cream, (1.00 a tuit. Ladies' white
canvas thoet with leather tips, regular J.'l
for 12. A large range of neckwear from
25c to 76c at Campbell Bros. THE ISLANDER. CUMBERLAND. B.C.
The King's Private Postoffice
Aii Account of the Work and Duties of the Court Postmaster
Tho postal and telegraphic department attached \o the Koyal Household
is under tlie control of Mr, Hiley, who
acted for several years as the Court
post master in the lata regin anil was
postmaster in tho late reign and was
George on His Majesty's accession.
Tho head-quarters of the Court post*
office are at Buckingham Palace, but
a temporary office is established wherever tho King may be staying, under
tlif direction of Mr, liiloy, who always
travels   witli tho Court,
Tlie post-office at Buckingham Palace
consists of three huge apartments; one
is fitted up as a telegraphic gallery,
another ns a sorting-room, ami a third
as a general office. There is also n
post-Office j whore three operators are
employed.
The letters fur the King and Queen
and members of the Royal Household
are delivered to Buckingham Palace
from the General Post Office six times
a day, the first delivery being made at
seven o'clock in the morning.
Tlie mall, on its arrival at the post-
office, is at once sorted (there are tour
sorters on duty throughout the day)
and made up into separate packets for
the King, Queen, members of the Koyal
Family, resilient officials iu the Household, and the servants.
The whole mail is, by the way,
carefully counted before it is sorted,
and the number of letters received is
entered in a book labelled "Mails
In."
After the packets for delivery
throughout the palace hnvo beeu made
up the number of letters in each packet
is counted and entered iu a book labelled "Mails Out," and the numbers
iu both books must, of course, be tho
same.
As soon as the mails have beeu sorted
they are given to two of the palace
postmen, who deliver them to tlieir respective departments. Tlie letters for
the King and Queen are delivered to the
equerries' department and are placed
ia the secretaries' rooms by an equery.
Letters for members of the household
are delivered to their respective private
rooms, and the letters for the male
servants are delivered to the steward's
waiting-room, where they are put into
a huge rack, from which they are taken
by sorvants between 9.30 and 10.:j0
a.m., and 7.80 and H.'M) p.m.
The letters for the female servants
are delivered to the head housekeeper's
room, and are dealt with ia the same
manner as tlie letters for the male servants.
There are six large mahogany pillar-
boxes throughout Buckingham Palace,
where letters can be posted by members
of the Household. These boxes are
cleared every two hours nud the con
tents made up into mail-bags at tbe
palace post-office, from whence they
are dispatched to the General Post
Office. The mails are sent to the (Jen
era! Post Office six times a day.
A I! the King's letters, whether ou
State ur private business, are marked
"Official paid." and need not be
stamped, neither need any letters on
•State business written by a member
of the Household, but all the private
letters uf members of the Household
must be stumped iu the usual manner.
Apart from the ordinary mail busi
ness the Court, postmaster has a con
sidernble quantity of despatches for
special delivery to attend to which are
not passed through the hands of the
General Post Office. Numbers of despatches to the chief (io vein ment offices and to many private individuals arc
sent out from Buckingham Palace every
day when the Court is in resideuce in
London. These are delivered by one
of the four special messengers attached
to the Court post-office. Two of these
officials deliver messages in London on
ly, but tiie other two must be ready to
start for any part of the L'uited Kingdom at a moment's notice. Each nf
these two has always a kit-bag packed
ready for travelling in the Court post-
office.
[,'rgeut despatches for tlie Continent
are seat to the Foreign Office, from
whence the King's messengers are instructed as to their delivery.
The telegraphic business passing
through the Court post-office is very
heavy; all telegrams fur the King are
wired as they come in from the Central
post office to Buckingham Palace, and
are delivered to the King's private
secretary.
There a re t li tee first -class opera t ors
at Buckingham Palace, who are able tu
take down despatches in French and
German as well as iu Knglish.
The bulk of the telegraphic messages for the King are, as a matter of
fact, sent in code, and have to be trim-
scribed by the operators with the great-
est cure, for the least mistake in the
wording of the transcription might niter
the whole meaning of the message.
When the King travels anywhere the
sovereign's suite always includes the I
Court postmaster and two assistants,
who make arrangements foi dealing
with the King's mail matter wherever
Mis Majesty may stay. All tin- Royal
residences are fitted with a private|
post-office and several with telegraphic
and telephone wires, but when the Nov
ereign becomes a guest at a private
liouso the King's postmaster lias to arrange to have it coimecled by a temporary wire with the nettrest telegraph office Tin1 temporary wire is
romoved at the end of the Kind's visit.
The telephone department at Buckingham Palace is also under the control of the Court postmaster. There
nre three operators on duty when the
King is iu London, all of whom can take
Messages iu French and Gernmn as well
Us in Knglish. Mis Majesty has certain
telephone privileges, by the way. which
:iie not granted to any other person in
tlie kingdom—nol even to the Queen
or members nf the Hovnl Family,
When a call is made by the King, ur
on behalf of the King, the required
line Is ut onco cleared nf all other traffic and tho Royal call is put through
nt once.
If the Koyal call is for n number on
-nine London exchange the privilege
is id' uo Spoclal service tn the Sovereign,   for   thi>   line   on   the   London   ex
changes are cleared very quickly in ihe
ordinary way; bul if the King requires
to speak to someone in the provinces
or on the Continent the privilege is of
immense advantage.
For oxaiuple, say the King called for
"1(10 Paris Central." Now, there are
only four lines between Loudon and
Paris, and they are usually requisitioned early in the day by a number of different persons, chiefly business people
in the city. All the calls are put
through iu the order in which they
come in to the Trunk exchange. Thus,
supposing at eleven o'clock there were
fifty callers waiting their turn, it would
be at least two hours before another
caller could be put through, for he
would have to wait until the fifty calls
that came before his iiad been cleared.
Hut directly a call from the King comes
in His Majesty is put through as soon
as the call in progress is finished. As
the time limit for a call on the Paris
line is three minutes, the King is never
kept waitiug for a line at the outside
for more than three minutes.
There is no time-limit to a Royal call;
but the King is aware of tho Inconvenience it causes to business persons
to hold up an important line for any
length of time, and a Koyal call therefore rarely or never exceeds the normal
limit.
The organization of the post-office,
telegraph and telephone service at
Buckingham Palace hns always beeu regarded as more perfect than that existing at any other court iu Kurope,
aud the Kaiser has lately adopted the
methods existing at the King's post-
office in London at the German Court
post-office at Potsdam.
LONG WINDED   ORATORS   IN
ENGLISH PARRLIAMENT
"Never in the history of Parliament, '' Mr. Balfour once exclaimed,
with clenched hands and rlnshiug eyes,
"has such a proposal been made in so
brief a speech.'' Such was the right
honorable gentleman's surprise and indignation when Sir William Harcourt
sat down after a few minutes' speech
introducing the Evicted Tenants Bill.
Indeed, any speech less than an hour
in length on an occasion like this would
almost have seemed au insult to tho
House.
In 1041!, after hours of dreary oratory, a member rose and exclaimed,
"The House is empty, and so be our
stomachs. \ pray ye, therefore, adjourn
the debate for one hour." But Speaker
Long would not listen to the pleading.
He could sit as long as legislators could
talk; and sit he did, until he fell off
his chair in a dead faint.
lu the Stuart days, when it was no
uncommon thing for a parson to turn
liis hour-glass three or four times before
he arrived at "Lastly, my brethren,"
the man who could uot and did not keep
ou his legs at Westminster for three
hours at least was thought ns little of
as the squire who could not carry his
three bottles of port. One prosy legis
lator, it is said, spoke for seven hours;
and another for six, without leaving the
perpendicular.
In later years Sheridan, speaking on
the Begum case, held the floor and his
audioaee for five solid hours at a
stretch; aud Sir Robert Peel apologized for the "shortness and inadequacy of a speech on the Com Laws
which fell just short of four hours.
Lord Palmerstou ouee orated four hours
nnd a half ou Don Pucifico, aad live
minutes later was ou his feet again, as
fresh as when he started. Aud did not
Mr. Biggar. that loquacious Irishman,
once "hould the dure" from half-past
twelve to half-past'live on the thrilling
topic of the Devon Commission?
No matter how trivial the subject,
in hour was a very modest limit, us
was proved wheu one honorable gentle
man spoke for eighty miuutes with a
learned harangue on bog iu the Hebrides, Mr. Gladstone, who, when wouud
up "could go on all day without turning a hair," spoke for live hours without a pause when introducing his first
Budget; and such was the magic of his
tongue that he kept his audience entertained and breathless to the last
word. He made dry figures as fascinating  as  romance.
There have been many attempts to
curb this oratorical flow since, in 1849,
Mr. Mil nor Gibson proposed a now
Standing Order directing "thnt the
speeches of members be limited ia duration to oue hour;" but the weight of
(pinion has been fatal to them. Mr.
Gibson's motion was negatived by 90
to (12, anil a much more recent motion
by Major Basel,, imposing a twenty
minutes' limit, by a  majority of 40.
TREASURES     OF     THE     QUEEN' S
"PANTRY"
The Queen's "pantry" at Windsor
consists of two rooms of no great di
meiisious, I mi containing treasures iu
the shape of plate and household articles that are valued at something over
a million pounds sterling, of these
many posse-s great  historic  interest.
For instance, there is a conspicuous
exhibit in the form of a table of solid
silver. It i< nearly a yard iu length,
and its top, witli an area of several
square feet, bears the royal arms and
exqilisltivoly chased designs of ihe symbolic rose, thistle, hnrp, etc, Bvery reign
since the day-, of Elizabeth has coiitri
bated tn tills table u design of some
sort,
Tlie most imposing of nil the dazzling
array id' plate is the so called gold dinner-service for occasions of the highest
state.
The wnlis of the two rooms making
up the royal "pantry," the larger of
Which is thirty feet by sixteen feet, and
the smaller a square of sixteen feet, are
lined with eases of plate-glass aud mahogany; uud in these and similar cases
occupying the centre of each room are
some of the must extraordinary ex
nmples of art iu gold, silver and precious stones thnt the world has ever scon.
Thore are tall, graceful epergnes. each
of which would tax the strength of two
men to lift it; there are dishes in gold
and silver, any one of Which would be
too heavy to run away with, dainty
toilet services in gold and silver, euiide
lubra, communion services, flagons,
vases, punch-bowls, wine coolers, fouii
tains, and fonts of silver, wrought iu
designs of great beauty by the most
skilful nf artists.
The must benutiful of nil these, it |s
said, is the Nautilus vnse. fashioned, it j
is believed, out of pearl, gold aad silver
by the hands of fieuveuuto Cellini
himself, although it bears the name of
an artist of Nuremberg, Nicholas
Schmidt. The shell, which is of pearl,
uuted in silver aud gold of tho most
delicate chasing, is poised ou tho shoulders of a superbly mounted horseman,
aud above the pearl shell another figure
s throned.
Another marvel of workmanship is
the rose-water fountain in silver, with
its dome supported by columns, around
which are grouped horses and bounds.
In point of interest, it would be difti-
cult to picture uuy article of the kind
more artistically perfect than the silver-gilt flagon that was rescued from
the Armada over three hundred years
with mittens, felt caps, flannels ami
its value runs far into the thousands.
One of the historic bits thnt is highly
prized is a quaint pair of bellows,
mounted in silver and gold, that once
belonged to Nell Gwyn. There aro ponderous silver "fire-dogs" of the time
of Charles IL, aud near Ity is an enormous punch bowl contributed by George
IV. as an example of the art of Flax
man.
THE OUTDOOR SCHOOL
The outdoor school for sickly children
is becoming a feature of many cities,
New York has authorized tlie opening
of twenty such schools, two of which
are already iu operation. There are
open-air schools for tuberculous children, some in tents, some on boats, some
ou roofs, in Boston, Philadelphia, Chicago, Buffalo,. Pittsburg, Rochester, Cambridge, Hartford, and Providence, besides some of the smaller cities, and the
movement is becoming general throughout the country. Boston's school is ou
the roof of an old refrectory in a park;
Providence tore out part of the southern end of au abandoned schoolhouse;
in Rochester, the school, first held in a
tent, is now in a portable building; the
schools in Chicago and Hartford are
both held in arniy tents, one on a roof
the other in the grounds of au old estate.
Among the most interesting of open-
air schools are those aboard condemned
ferry-boats. One of these -is that held
on the boat moored at the Bellevue
Hospital pier, New Vork, and at Gou-
verneur Slip. These ure not part of
the public-school system, but are supported by the hospital boards, the
Board of Education supplying the
teachers, books, and desks. The boat
at Bellevue is connected by means of a
gang-plank with a garden in the hospital grounds. Here, at certain hours, the
children go to play or to sleep on
benches in the sun. One end of the
deck is the class-room, the other is provided with a piano. Along the entire
length of the boat, facing the water,
are iron cots, where the little ones may
sleep.
tn all open-air schools the programme
for the day is alike. Pood is supplied,
and, iu winter, the children are fitted
with initens, felt caps, flannels and
overcoats, while all the surroundings,
from school-room to play yard, aro kept
as scrupulously clean as circumstances
permit.
Prom the success of these experi
meuts it is expected to be but a stej
to the correcting of conditions in the
schools generally, where—notably ii
New Vork—it is estimated that but on
child in three thousand gets fresh ni
in study hours.
ELEPHANT  STEALING
It would seem that au elephant would
be about the last thing in the world a
man would be able to steal. Vet in
Siam one must keep a careful eye on
such elephants us he may own, no matter what their size, lest they he stolen
from him.
Elephant stealing iu Siam has always
been more or less prevalent, and for
some time past has been a source of
much anxiety to the officials. Regula-
tions were drawn up about twelve years
ago by the British and Siamese authorities, with a view to the suppression of
this oflfeiise. Later these were supplemented by additional regulations, embodying definite rules for the purchase
and sale of elephants, and imposing
penalties on all persons iu possession
of elephants who are not provided with
sale papers properly executed before
the local authorities. Notwithstanding
all these precautions, elephant stealing
continues in Siam; and in one year
alone fifty elephants were stolen from
British foresters, representing a loss
of some $45,000.
The Karen tribesmen nre the chief
offenders; but, though their somewhat
inaccessible villages are well known
to the nearest kwen, or district official,
in uo single instance has the assistance
rendered by the Siamese officials led to
the. discovery of the elephant stolen or
of the thief. In short, recovery, when
effected, hns been due to the activity
and energy of the British foresters and
the send)ing parties sent out by the
British companies who employ the foresters.
THE WORK OF MOSSES
Agencies apparently so trivial as to
be almost, beneath notice have changed,
and are now changing. Ihe fact of the
earth. Por Instance, so comparatively
Insignificant a form of vegetation as
moss may nut only affect the aspect of
a landscape, but may powerfully assist
iu giving a new character to a continent.
One of the surprising results of scientific Investigation in Greenland is the
indication of the wonderful work mosses are performing then1. Where glaciers have ceased to advance, or have
become "(load," various species of
mosses have found a foothold nn them,
and gradually overspread them with a
mantle id' green. Tlie amount of vegetable matter slowly deposited by these
Oroonlanil mosses is so considerable
that it has been suggested that this
deposit will lie of great importance in
the future history of thnt strange land.
It is known that in a past geological
age Greenland was not the dreary, ice-
sheeted continent that it is today, but
a beautiful land, almost tropical iu appearance in some respects. And if, in
the future, geological or astronomical
causes should bring nbout a return to
the former conditions, when Greenland
was really "green," the rich stores nf
vegetable matter now accumulating
thero through the growth of musses
amid the ice will give wealth to the
soil  of the regenerated  conlinent.
THE CHAMOIS TRAIL
An interesting sight is to be witness-
<(l each day at noon at (irimlewntd iu
the Alps, when there Is a rush of visitors to the telescopes to observe "chamois trail."
Promptly each day, at the hour mentioned, there muy be seen a herd of
from twenty to thirty chamois passing
in Indian file up the yawning abysses
of the precipitous Mettenberg rocks,
separating two glaciers, the malo animals leading the way, the king of the
herd keeping twenty yards iu advance
and on the watch.
At the bottom of the Mettenberg,
where the slope is freed from snow, the
chamois find a meager subsistence when
their usual feeding grounds are under
snow. The chamois descetid on their
feeding grounds at dawn, when thero
is little likelihood of avalanches, and
return to their haunts at au hour when
avalanches have already fallen and the
danger is past.
THE CANADIAN RHINOCEROS
There was a time wheu even the polar
regions bloomed with many of the
splendid and varied forms of life that
now adorn the tropics.
The fossil remains of these ancient
forms preserved in the bosom of the
rocks carry us back perhaps millions
of years hi the earth's history, and
show clearly what wonderful revolutions the surface of the globe has undergone since the first plauts and the
first animals appeared upon it.
Who would think of meeting a rhinoc
eros nowadays on the prairies of north
western Canada, unless, perhaps, a traveling menagerie should pass that way.'
Yet, at ono time, as discoveries of recent years prove, a creature closely resembling the rhinoceros of Iudia and
Africa dwelt in that now comparative
ly cold, snowy, ami barren region.
Kemains of these extinct ancestors
of an animal that in our day thrives
only in the tangled tropical forests and
under the hot equatorial sun have been
found buried iu the Canadian rocks,
where now the cold blasts of winter
blow over treeless plains and sweep the
flanks of  ice-encrusted mountains.
The rhinoceros of that remote age
was no less formidable a beast than its
descendants, for the skull of ono of the
skeletons discovered is three feet long,
while some of its teeth are four inches
across.
The fossil remains of many other
forms of animals linfe beeu found iu
tlie same region within recent years.
HOW OUR   GRANDFATHERS   PAID
THEIR BILLS
One hundred years ago Jeremiah At-
water was a leading merchant in New
Haven, Conn, His residence, one of the
very finest in that town, "bestrode the
entire site" where the Palladium build
ing now stands. Then, as now, if all
men were said to be "created equal "
they did uot remain so for long, and Mr.
Atwater was as prosperous as many a
wealthier man today. Yet the following items, taken from his day-book and
reprinted in the Springfield Republican,
tend to show tn what extent ho, and
every other business man of his time
was dependent upon the old-fashioned
bartering methods of trade, due to a
scarcity of current coin, and the popu
lur distrust of paper notes and bills—
"made of poor stuff' and easily counterfeited."
We find entries like these:
Abraham .T. Bradley, Dr.
To 31 gallons wine," to be paid in dry
goods.
Joseph Benhain. of Hampden. Dr.
To ") yds. calico at 2s (kl per yard.
To be paid in turnips at Is thi and remainder in shoes. As far as the turnips pay, the calico is to be -s fid and
the remainder toward shoes at -s 8d.
Knglish money, of course; also old
English hose, Knglish "slioon" aad the
like—
K. & E. Oruniss, Dr.
To 2 pr. silk hose at las £1.4
He wanted some clothing for his son
Charles, and this is the acocuut of the
transaction:
Thaddeus Austin. Cr.
By making a coat for Charles    IS,
Breeches for myself S.
Trimming for coat, etc. O.t Vj
£1.12.1.;.
Ur. Cash  for trimming, fl.!',-;, and remainder to be paid in wine and gingham.
Nov. 24, 1804.  Dan'l T. Remington,
Dr.
To 13 doz. court plaster.
N.B.— The above court plaster is taken
to sell iu the West Indies, and said
Remington is to pay me as much over
Its per dozen as he can afford and is
willing to; at least 3s per dozen, or return them.
Feb. aa, 1799. Amos Parkins, Cr. By
4 Goose wings at ad—Sd.
Letter postage was eighteen or twenty-live cents, according to distance.
Hence, letters ami money were frequently delivered by individuals. In
fact, a person seldom went to. New
York or elsewehere without Ins budget
—his pockets, and even his hat, were
made to answer the purposes of the
modem mntlbag,   And so:
Kec'.l of .losinh Smith by the hand of
Thomas Turner, which he received of
iTohn Oleason, £100, un account of property which Smith sold in Savannah.
The trained nurse was an unknown
quantity us the following record reveals:
Nov. a, 1808. I am called upon to
take my turn to watch tonight. I have
Hired Isaac Brown to supplv mv place
for 4s fid.
Newspapers and books were so scarce
that they were passed from hand to
hand, ami a memorandum kept of the
same:
Lent K/ra Lewis a newspaper dated
March 24, ISO". Lent Mrs. Nat Kim-
berly a book entitled "A Guide for the
Doubting and Cordial for the Fainting
Saint." by Beuj. Wadsworth. Lent
Thomas CIVoiil a christian Remembrancer, and Jones, tho halter, the Gentle-
man "s Pocket Farrier—also Frost, a
student of Vale, a bedstead, to be returned in about two years.
In 1800 he built a house for his sou,
Charles, nbout tu be settled as a minister in North Brautford. This is how
he set about it:
I agreed with .T, Mead, a joiner, tn
work a mouth or more at North Brtin-
ford, and he to have one dollar a day
and tu pay him in clapboards, to be
at two dollars n tlionsand feet, he to
go  next   Monday.
Travelling was mostly by horseback,
as these accounts show:
Tutor Huntington, Dr.
To horse hire 0 miles 3.3
1  horsewhip not returned B.8
I'niled Society, Dr. j
To horse hire to Milford, 10m   3.4
Other interesting entries are:
Gave Mrs. Johnson, wife of Captain
I'eter Johnson, a Camel's hair shawl,
us a compensation for sitting in their
seat, at Pair Haven meetinghouse.
Aug. 4, 1S07. Began to occupy a new
seat iu White Haven meeting house, and
to pay Mrs. Kimberly Us a year for
same.
Why our grandfathers so often referred to their happy school days is at last
perceived, for if a child was absent
from school, a strict account was kept
o_f tho time, and-tuition accordingly reduced.
Jan. 2 Fanny and Nancy began this
day to attend* Mrs. Stilwell's school.
The last of their going before was May
14th. Nancy was absent Commencement week and week before, and has
beeu iu school a week since. Fanny
sick and absent from school one week
and one day.
The following story of Mr. Atwater's
father, vouched for by the late Rev.
Dr. Leonard Bacon, is worth repeating
here:
Jeremiah Atwater was a New Haven
merchant, buying his supplies in Boston
and receiving them by vessel. Among
other goods received were several casks
of nails, one of which, on opening it,
under a layer of nails at each end, was
found to ho filled with silver dollars.
Mr. Atwater, who was a conscientious
man, immediately wrote to tho Boston
merchant, that thero must be some mistake in the invoice of nails, as ouo of
the casks contained othor articles be
sides nails. He was promptly informed that the nails were bought for nails,
sold for nails, aud nails they must be.
Forthwith, Mr. Atwater had a basin
made of the silver, nnd presented it to
the Centre church, where it has been
used iu the baptismal service from that
time to the present.
of which we might ring up for you—"
"No,   thank   you."   said   the lady.
That blue stamp is all I shall need today.   Good morning."
She swept majestically out of tho
shop, and was soon chugging afar up
the avenue in her limousine. The druggist watched the car us it proceeded ou
its way, and then, when at last it faded
from his sight, he. sighed deeply and
returned to the prescription.
'Bill," he cried out at the end of
five    miuutes    of    stronuons    thought.
Bill!"
"Yes, Governor?" replied the assistant,
"I want you to remember thut lady's
face," he said.
'All right, Governor,'' said tho assistant.
'And if sho ever comes into this
shop and buys ten cents' worth of anything—" said the druggist.
"YeB, sir?" said Bill, as the Governor paused.
" You charge her four dollars and
eleven cents for it!" said the druggist.
A PROFITABLE  CUSTOMER
She was a tall, stately-looking woman
with an air which in itself carried conviction. The splendid furs she wore
were not at all needed to couvince the
observer that she was a person of uu
questioned position. She swept majeB
tically iuto the little drug-store with
all the manner of au expert shopper,
und looked about her as women some
times do when they are not quite eer
tain what it is what they want. Hor
aristrocratic bearing was such that the
proprietor himself perceived at onco
that hers was no case for the under
lings iu his shop, but demanded his own
best personal attention.
"Good morning, madame," he said
with unctuous courtesy, as he approach
ed her, giving his hands a streuudus
absent-treatment washing with invisible
soap. "May 1 have the pleasure of attending upon your wants?"
'' Ves,'' she replied, naively. '' 1
have been looking all over town for
what 1 want, uud finally in sheer desperation I decided to come to you."
"We have almost everything that is
worth having in our Hue," the druggist replied, proudly.
"Theu I am very glad I have come
hero," she observed, with a gracious
nod of approval. ''You see, all my
stationery this season is bluebird blue—
it is all the rage with everybody who
is anybody at all, and I am in serious
trouble about mailing my letters. I
really cannot bring myself to violnte
t,he consistency of my color scheme by
putting a red two-cent stamp upon a
bluebird blue envelope. It really
wouldn't do, you know; it makes such
a very harsh eoutrnst."
"I see," said the druggist, scratching his head in perplexity. "Aud so
you have come to me—"
" For help," said the lady. " I
thought perhaps you could dye a red
two cent stamp so as to get the bluebird blue tint for me. Some simple
little mixture of chemicals might fix it
so that—"
"I am afraid uot. madame," said the
druggist with a sigb. The prospect, of
a valuable sale of rare cosmetics and
perfumes was gradually fading. "You
see the government might object to my
doing anything of that sort. Govern
ment is jealous, and views with dis
favor any attempt to tamper with its
official output iu currency or postage-
stamps, aud the chances ure that even
if I succeeded in getting the exact tiut
that you want your letter would be
held tip."
"I see," said the lady, pushing.her
veil uwuy from her lips with her lips.
"I suppose you are right about that—
it had not occurred to me. But can
you suggest anything I might do*"
"Well, yes," said the druggist, tapping his fingers reflectively over tho
plate-glusB covering of his imported
French Soups case. "You might put
a live-cent stamp on it. The five-cent
stump, while not a bluebird blue, is
still blue, aud a rather pretty shade of
it, too."
"Why, so I might." said the lady,
her face brightening, "You don't happen to have any samples 1 could look
over—"
"Certainly, madame," said the druggist, wearily, pulling out his stamp
[rawer. "Hero is a fresh lot of fives,
just in from the post-office this morn
ing.    Guaranteed strictly fresh."
"Hum!" mused the lady, cocking her
head to one side, and eyeing the sheet
of new fives critically. " Mow much
did you say these stamps are.'"
"Five cents," said the druggist, toying with the vanilla key of the soda
water fountain,
"A dozen ?" she asked.
" N'o, madame," he answered, with
a nervous start.   "Five cents apiece."
"Very well," replied the lady, "You
may give me one of them."
She handed him a twenty-dollar bill,
which he had to send over to the bank
across the way by his oflice-boy to get
changed.
"Shall 1 send this.'" he asked, politely, preparing with pail and pencil to
take down her address.
'Oh, no, thank yon; I have my car
outside," she replied, graciously. "But
you might—you might lick it for me,"
she added. "It is such a nuisance undoing my veil; and then, if your boy
is uot too busy, could you have him
take my letter to the post-office? I
really couldn't bring myself to drop it
'nto one of those terribly green boxes
myself."
"With pleasure, madame," said the
Iruggist. "And now is there anything
else we can do for yon this morning.'
We have some excellent addresses ia
inr directory, and f should be delighted
to> show you a few of them, to say
nothing of a charming variety of numbers   in   our  telephone  book, any  ono
COUNT BURGSTALLER'S LANDING
Colonel Wagsmith snt iu his office,
his face a picture of gloom. Reputed
captain of finance, it had now become
necessary for him to confess to the
failure of his schemes. He was overextended, and the pressure brought' to
bear upon him by his enemies had become too great for his already seriously
impaired balance of credit. On the
morrow the newspaper throughout the
land would ring with the sensational
news of his downfall, and the pill was
a bitter one. He had just signed certain final papers which cleared the way
for a receivership, whea the office-boy
entered the room bearing a card. It
read as follows: "The Countess Ihirg-
staller.''
"Show the lady right in, Henry,"
said the Colonel. "Is anyone with
her?"
"Yessir," suid the boy. "A tall
feller with a red mustache—looks like
he thought he wus the Yetnpcrer of
Choymauy, sir."
"Good," snid the Colonel. "I'll see
them right away."
Tho office-boy disappeared through
the open doorway, and the Colonel
threw his head back uud indulged in a
silent guffaw, slapping his knee with
evident happiness.
"I thought it would work!" he muttered to himself. "There's nothing
like a little diplomacy in this world if
you want to get anywhere.''
The door opened and the Colonel's
daughter, followed by a tall, military
looking individual, entered the room.
" Father! " she cried.
"What? You—my daughter?" returned the Colonel, the laughter fading
from his face. "Why, this card says
The Countess of Burgstaller!"
"I nin she," said Gwendolyn, a rosy
blush mantling her cheek. " Adolph
and I—"
"Ve hafl' elopit, Colonel Vag
schmidt," put in the Count, seeiug that
the girl hesitated. '' T loft* her ho—
undt all tie vorldt lofes a loaf dr. We
hope for your forgifness.'*
In un iustaut the Count was upon one
knee, and the Countess' arms were ou
twined about her father's neck.
" Forgiveness1'" roared Wagsmith,
freeing himself gently from the em
brace. "Forgiveness?" Why, my
dear Count, what have I to forgive?
[  am  delighted—perfectly  delighted."
The Count rose quickly, and eyed the
magnate with curious eyes.
'' Telighted. Colonel Vagsclunidt?''
he inquired, in a tone of deep perplexi
ty.
"That's what I said Count," return
ed the Colonel. "Perfectly delighted.
1 wish there were a stronger word that
I could use to express the feelings that
rise up within me."
"But." said the bewildered Count,
" T do not undherstnnt—ditt you not
forbitt me do house ulretty?"
"Ha—hum!" ejaculated Wagsmith,
"Come to think of it, old man, I did.
1 told you—let's see, just what did I
say?"
" You snidt dot iff 1 come to de bouse
vunce more again you vould hafl' de
putler take me to te door yet again
vunce more, undt show it to me, mitt
der policeman on dher oudside."
"Hum!" said Wagsmith. "Yew—I
believe I did say that, Count—I did."
f^So ven I come around diss mornink
ven you vnss down to dher office, undt
take Miss Gwendolyn to de Liddle
Church up by dher Corner," resumed
the Count, "1 hafl' done somedings dat
call for your forgiffness, vot?"
"Not at all—not nt all, my dear fellow," suid the Colonel, rising and seizing the Count by both hands. "You did
exactly what I wanted you to do."
'' Vot—you—vnutod—me—to—do ?''
echoed the Count, astounded.
"Certainly, my dear man," said the
Colonel. "And you fell into my plans
perfectly. When I saw that Gwendolyn
had set her heart upon having you I
made up my mind that she should huve
yon if there was any way under heaven
to bring it about, aud just now that
was the only way."
' Dher only vay ?'' repented the
Count, rubbing the top of his head us
though something had stunned him. "I
guess I hall lost my Kngklish—I do not
undherstant."
'I huve never denied my daughter
anything—not even the things I could
not afford," said the Colonel. "She
wanted you, and my plan wns that she
should have you—"
"Ben vy you forbitt me dher liouso?"
protested tht* Count.
'So thut you would do just what you
have done—elope with her," snid the
Colonel,
•You vished dher elopement?" de
mundod the Count, more perplexed than
ever.
"Ves, my son," said Colonel Wagsmith. "I did. S'o here is mv bless
ing—"
"But  vy?" cried the Count.
"Well, if you must know. Count,"
replied the Colonel, "I am going into
the hands of a receiver tomorrow morn
ng, and to tell you the honest truth I
couldn't afford Ihe expenses of a swell
wedding!''
"Donner undt Blitzen!" murmured
the Count, as they laid him gently in
the ambulance. " Dormer undt Blitzed! "
And that, my little children, is how
Gwendolyn Wagsmith became the Countess Burgstaller without its costing her
father a cent, or subjecting her to tin
inconvenience of having a husband
around the house,
92 THE ISLANDEE, CUMBERLAND. B.C.
0
Snmmer Skin Troubles
Sunburn, blistering, anal irritation
lara. the commonost form of summer skin
troubles, anal Zam-Buk enals these very
quickly, Jt works in two ways. As
soain us applied, its antiseptic powers
get tai work anal kill nil the poison in
tlio wound, :i sting or a sore. This
generally a'n.ls the smarting anal tlie
pain. Then Xum-lluk begins the Ileal'
ing process, ami i'less healthy tissue is
built up. For sure, blistered feet, sore
hands, heat rashes, baby's heut spaats,
sore places due to perspiration, eta'., you
I'lin't equal Zam link. It alsai cures
cuts, ulcers, abscesses, piles, ami all Inflamed and diseased conditions ot' skin
anal subjacent tissue. Druggists unci
stores everywhere sell Zam-Buk, 50c,
box. Use Zam Hull Soap also. 85o. per
tablet. All stores, air Zam-Huk Co.,
Toronto,
It Testifies tor Itself.—Dr. Thomas'
Eolecerlc Oil needs uo testimonial of its
powers other than Itself.'  Whoever tries
it for OOUgllS ail' a-ailals, fur OUtS or COD'
tiisiiuis, fur s|irains ur bums, fur pains
in the limbs ur body, well kuow tlmt the
medicine prove itself anal needs no
guarantee. This shows why this oil is
in general use.
GRAPEVINE DISEASES
Treating of grapevine maladlos ho-
fore the French Agricultural Society,
M, Prilloux speaks uf the great, harm
alone bv cryptiigainic maladies, by the
cochylil aiui eudemia. For these latter,
salts' of arsenic have been usual of late,
bv sprinkling. It was desired to kuow
Whether tin- aleposits left mi the grapes
hnd any bad elicit mi the wine, ur again
upon the fresh grapes. On these two
points the opinion uf experimenters
seems to be conclusive, ami practically
all admit that sprinkling with arseni
utes ur oven with arseniate of lead,
which is the must dangerous, has nu bad
effect un the wine air the grapes. M.
(iervuis cbnflrms these statements, and
foiled that uu harmful ingredients could
be detected In the wine. Upon the
grapes it was impossible tu find any
but the merest traces of arseniati's.
Tha. socia-ty is soun taa report upon the
use of arsenic salts and also nicotine
Where telephone wires are overland
tha- speeai of transmission is at the rate
nf about 111,000 miles a second. Whore
the wires are through cables undor the
sea the spec.) is nut mora' than 0.0(10
miles a second.
Ti
iriiMffiErciinq
If
- F«HHWMk,W»iT,WiNryETM^.
J GRANULATED EYELIDS
MurineDoesn'tSmart-SoothesEyePair
■not* M Masts. In baa*. Matt Ht,.M*,11*
M«ra» Er* Sdw. la AawtfeTuba*.I5t,$l«
EYE.B0OK8 AND ADVICE FREE B* HAH
Muito«E»»R«jm*>dyCo..Chrr*ttc
Ch.lliwack,  British   Oolumbla
The Garden nt B.C., ill tha fianiaiua Krnsair
Valley, b'ineal farming and fruit lunal in the
wairld. Irrigation unknown. B.C. hlectnc lay.
rra.an Vancouver; CN.lt. tranaoontinentnl ana
01. Northern buildhiK. OWlllwuck a iiuulcrai
citf—watcrtforka, electric light, ate. Green
gnaaa Ihe vanar niaiiid. The Prairie Man a
Paradise—no trust, no faiiir month a enow.
Write 11. 'I', uoodhaiad, Seoy, Board ait
Trud.\ Chtlliwaek. fair all iaafuriiuitiiiii. book-
la-la, aiioiia, etc.—THEN COME,
Two and a Half Hour*
on Operating Table
Specialist Could Not Remove Stone in
tne Bladder
GIN FILLS PASSED IT
•loliette, P.O.
"During August last, I went tu Montreal to consult a specialist as I had
been sngeriug terribly with Stone in
the Bladder.
"He decided tu operate but said the
atone was tun large to remove and tun
haral to crush.    I   returned  home and
was roco onded  by u  friend to try
(UN  PILLS.
"Thev relieved the pain. I took two
boxes and went back to the specialist.
Ho said the stoua' was smaller but he
could nut remove it although he tried
for two hours and a half. I returned
home aud continued to tuke GIN
PILLS', and to my grout, surprise and
juv, I passed the stone.
"(UN PILLS are the best medicine
in the world and because they dial me
so much good, I  will rea mend them
all the rest aif my life.
".I.  Albert   l.essard."
Mia- a bus—ti fur $2.50—at all dealers,
anal money back if thoy fail to give
relief. Sample bog free. Natnonal
Drug and Chemical t'o.. Dept. R.P.,
Toronto,
Th* orlflnai
din Pills mad* by
National Drill and
Chemical Co. el
Canada Limited,
Toronto, are fold
only In thia box.
The Rocking Chair
A N undergraduate onee told Aunt Mary very confiden-
A.  tially that she considered' Mareiis Aurclius a "Wise
old guy,1' so, on the strength of this recommendation,
here are a fow of the "old guy's" "Thoughts."
"Begin the morning by saying to thyself, I shall meet
with the busybody, the ungrateful, arrogant, deceitful, on
vious, unsocial. All these things happen to them by reason
of their ignorance of what is good and evil. But I who
have seen the nature of the good, that it is the beautiful,
and of the bad, that it is Ugly, and the nature nl him who
does wrong, that it is akin to me, no [only] of the same
blood or seed, but that it participates in the same intelligence ami the suuie portion of the divinity, I can neither
Be injured bv any of them, for no one can fix on me what
is ugly, nor can l' be angry'with ray kinsman, nor hate him.
For We are made for co-operation, like feet, like hands, like
eyelids, like the rows of tlie upper and lower toetb. To
act against one another, then, is contrary to nature; aad it is
acting against one another to be vexed and to turn awny."
Marcus was such a lovable, homely, human old "thinker" thnt most of his "thoughts" are as applicable to modern
life as to earlv Roman days, His strong common sense au I
liis honest straightforward way of saying, iu few word",
exactly "'hat lie means, act on the mind liko a tonic, and
■Unit Marv recommends a study of the "Thoughts" as a
mental bracer to those degenerates who are afraid of 1i\
strong honest word, used in its correct meaning.
"Judge every word and deed which is according to
nature to be lit for thee; and be not diverted by tho blame
which follows from any people nor by their words, but if
a thing 'is good to be done or said, do not consider it unworthy of thee."
Marcus evidently numbered among his acquaintances
those very proper and extra "nice" persons who, when tliey
wisli to mention their legs, speak in lowered tones of their
U limbs."
Thank heaven that day ot riot, called Victoria Pay,
has passed ami peace and quiet-loving people can once again
venture out on the streets or read peacefully at home without being plunged into nervous. prostration by the noisy
celebrating children.
The children of the present day have shown very poor
[judgment in their selection of parents. This thing seems
to have worked around in a circle. Generation after generation of lax parents, earing nothing for discipline, and too
indolent or indifferent to instruct their children iu seemly
conduct and consideration for others, has resulted in a
generation of children incapable of choosing wise parents
for themselves, and. with the innocent trusting confidence
of childhood, thev have bestowed themselves on people
Utterly unworthy of the trust placed iu them. Not all
Winnipeg children have been ho misguided, but—,judging
bv the streets ou the 24th of May~inost of them have;
and it was really pitiful to see the poor, .untaught, .little
things on Empire Day endangering their own lives, as well
as the lives aud comfort of others, by their foolish use
of lire works from dawn till near midnight. The newest
fiendish "trick of these rioters is to place torpedoes on the
car tracks, often for a whole block, and let the street car
do the rest. The unfortunate residents on streets where
there are car lines apparently have no rights at all, and deli
cate, nervous street-car passengers (apt to drop dead from
fright) are, of course, mercifully provided for the amusement of the young. I have repeatedly seen boys deliberately
throw bunches of blazing fire-crackers in front of an ad
vancing horse, and that there are not many fatal accidents
each holiday in Winnipeg from this chubo only goes to
show that tlie horses have more sense than the average t>oy-
or parent.
A walk through C rent'ent wood lust Suuday—the 6rst
line dav after the heavy rains, worked Aunt Mary up
to such* a frenzy of enthusiasm for this beauty spot of
Winnipeg that slie would like to propose the health of the
man  who planned tins garden  in the wilds,
All the shrubs were in bloom and flowers, foliage and
grass looked as though their faces had been uewly washed
Kverything looked so settled, permanent and homelike-
hedges, vines, shrubs and well tended vines—that it was
almost impossible to believu that, six or seven years ago
this whole district was little better" than a swamp, and was
a favorite haunt of members of Aunt Mary's family on
duck shooting expeditious.
If, in the course of ages, the city fathers should ever
develop a sense of gratitude and an appreciation of the
fitness of things, thev might be moved to erect monuments,
or memorials of some sort, t othe men who have done
things for Winnipeg. When that happy day does arrive,
they may also be able to see that a live man doing good
things right here ou the spot is better worth a monument
than a long since deceased poet over in Scotland.
The man who redeemed Crescent wood from the frogs and
duck shooters and turned it into the handsomest spot iu all
th ecity, deserves some recognition from his fellow citizens-
no why not a monument to Mr. Kuderton? It was Mr. Ruder
ton, I believe, who had such faith in the city, as well as the
foresight to protect this lovely home district from the apartment block und the small stores which are the bane of nearly
all the best residential streets.
Some sour, old fault-finder will likely object that, this
was not all done from altruistic motives, and that the
founder of Creflceutwood lost nothing by his foresight
Hut. then, just think of the immense number of Winnipegers
who in the course of helping themselves along, incidentally
make their surroundings hideous, and offer us an excuse
for their shortcomings, the necessity of making a living
from their business. Surely that a man is a genius who
ean carry on a lucrative business, and. at the same time,
make it an Instrument in the improvement and beautifying
of his home city. _
But, Aunt Mary greatly fears that Mr. Kndertou, like
his fellow patriots and prophets, will get uo such honors in
his own time, but will have to wait, like his brother worthies,
till he has been a long time dead, and get in the end—a
tombstone.   May the day be far distant!
We hear a lot. these days, about women not wanting the
franchise} both men und women tell us this tale, and, in
proof of their contention, point to the numbers of women
entitled to vote at municipal elections who fail to exercise
their right.
On the surface this may appear a reasonable argument,
but it does not go back far enough, and fails in explain
why some women imagine they dont want a vote.
To bring an old adage up to date, we now "seek the
man" instead ef "Cheicliez lu femme." ns of old: for as
usual, man is at the bottom of woman's objection to voting.
Man sees that his boasted superiority is being questioned,
und his monopolies encroached upon one by one, and having
long ago invented "cinftiness" as an effective weapon in
domestic affairs, he goes indirectly to work, and by a persistent system of ridicule gradually instils into the minds
of his womankind the idea that, by voting tliey will be
making themselves ridiculous; and by sheer force of bluster
und noise, bullies his wife aud daughter into the belief that
thev would be the objects of public scorn and derision if
they were so bold as to hold opinions not adequately represented by himself.
N'nise, bluster, and ridicule are the masculine arguments
used in discussions with women, and very few real reasons
for not granting the franchise to women arc ever given by
the masculine objectors.
One of the most notable women opponents of the franchise for women is Mrs. Humphrey Ward, who objects on
the ground that by voting women would be obliged to
mingle witli the rougher elements of society, come in contact with all classes of people and, in consequence lose
some mystic charm, which is supposed In be possessed in
the hbdiesf degree by the cloistered woman  or by the one
dug sufficient brains to conduct herself properly in a
voting booth. Mrs, Ward herself must either despise the
possession of this charm or else have passed the age when
it is valued, for al the last general election iu Kngland, no
one worked harder canvassing for votes, than this very
Mis. Humphrey Ward, who worked early and lute canvassing
for her son.
rhaps the harmful bogies in wait for tho bold woman
lire operative only when the woman  is marking her
ballot, and electioneering for one's male relatives acts as a
sort of anti-toxin to their baleful effects.
Winnipeg hns Art Associations and Art Societies, and
individual member of these associations a simple question
hopes to have an art museum, but ask almost any
about Canadian painters, and the chances are that you wiil
be met with "Why, 1 didn't know we had any, that is any
who count."
It is the misfortune of a certain class of people to be so
unconscious of the value of home people and home art and
industries that thoy allow thomselvcs to fall away behind the times in tlieir knowledge of the progress of their
natural laud.
Winnipeg, particularly, suffers from an excess of this
sort of ignorance,or contempt for native talent and achievement. These people havo no knowledge of tho arts themselves, aud are unable to judge of the merits of the work
produced by artists and craftsmen; so, to be on tho safe
side, they ignore home talent and take a large jump to
Kurope when they think or speak of Art. Even in Kurope
they ignore the modern ami cling liko grim death to tlie
old masters and all their works, both good and bad.
It is quite funny to hear them sometimes enlarging upon
their  favorite  "work"  abroad,  aud  giving  the   name  of
tbftt "Master's" poorest production, and one which he would
robably have given a good deal to have buried with him.
This class of person would never be so rash as to admire
any picture not signed by some honored name, and the more
mouldy and ancient tlie picture—no matter how poor—the
greater their admiration.
Those aro the people who have won for Winnipeg her unenviable reputation in Art matters and caused us to be regarded—by people who really know—as a joke.
The sooner we look the facts in the face, aud the sooner
realize our stato of dense ignorance in this question, tho
more rapid will be our progress on the road to the culture
we are beginning to desire.
Canada has many artists of note, whose work compares
favorably with that of the best in other countries, and
whose names are familiar in all art centres, but to us are
as unknown as-Sanscrit.
Let us wake up and learn a little aboat home people and
their work, instead of hurrying off with our first spare cash
to view tlie hackneyed work of other lands.
A new Canadian painter has arisen, who is called the
most remarkable painter in Canada; but who is so modest
and retiring that he would be content to work ut his art,
unknown and unrewarded were it not for Mayor M. S.
Mercer, who has constituted himself patron of this genius,
and looks after the physical man, while the artist part may
devote himself unreservedly to his art.
The name of tins man is Carl Ahrens, and he is called
the "painter of trees."
lie loves to paint trees in twilight, and a critic says
of him, "it is to be doubted if any artist ever gave more
beautiful interpretation to certain moods of the forest.
In all his best pictures there are big trees, great columnar
trunks that stand out like the pillars of an antique temple.
And they are real trees, too, the kind of trees that one can
lean against or walk around or cut one's initials on. Above
them the foliage hangs in feathery masses; and from somewhere above or somewhere beyond, the soft light floats in
upon them like a mist. It clothes them in gentle radiance
and fills all the air with subdued glory. .Even the deepest
shadows are softly luminous; and Carl Ahrens has shown
his skill in the handling of such effects by some wonderful
moonlight pictures. As a painter of shadowy forest inter!'
ors, this Canadian artist is without a living equal.
*    *    #
This picture of the domestic life of King George and
tjueen Mary was written by "One who knows them per
serially'' for a recent exchange.
No man who has to work for bis living is more
methodical or industrious than George V. He rises every
morning at half-past seven, and, if the weather is at ail
favorable, goes for a horseback ride before breakfast. When
he is in London he rides in Hyde, Park, and this habit of his
lias polished up the glories of Rotten How. As a rule the
whole morning is occupied with work, but tbe King is uot
a clock-watcher. Nothing is allowed to interfere with his
work. If necessary he will spend the whole day at his desk,
which is connected by telephone with the desks of bis private
secretaries. Lord Knollys and Sir Arthur Bigge, who are
always established in rooms close at hand. He lunches at
a quarter to two o'clock and usually dines at a quarter-past
eight or half-past eight, retiring for the night, as a rule,
about eleven o'clock.
His personal accomplishments are few. He has no gift
for languages, as his father had, and he frankly dislikes
the necessity of speaking any language but Knglish. It is
interesting to note here that he is the first English sovereign,
since tlie Stuarts, who speaks English without a German accent. While George's pronunciation is slightly guttural,
no one can detect, in it any trace of foreign origin. (,)ueeu
Mary, also, is wholly Knglish.
' The King likes music without possessing any inherent
love or knowledge of it or any special interest in it; and,
as far as he has expressed any preference, he likes the simple
old-fashioned Knglish songs iind airs better than the highly
complicated modern music.   He does not care for art.
Because of her retiring nature and distaste for posing in
public, the Queen wns set down as cold and haughty, whereas
it is now known that she is extremely kind-hearted, simple
and unaffected.
In fact Kngland is1 just beginning to learn that in Buckingham Palace she has a royal family which holds up the
ideal of the old-fashioned virtues, and the Knglish people
are making up their minds that the new Court may be a
little dull, but that it will give no encouragement to laxity
either in morals or manners.
Family ami affection, in fact, aro the keynotes of the
new Court, It can be said from personal knowledge that
the King's idea of a pleasant evening is to sit at home by
the fire with a book, while his wife sits opposite him with
her sewing, and he reads to her.
The writer of this article failed to state whether his
majesty is able to knit or not, but tt is hardly likely that
he missed his fair ami royal share of the family accomplishment.
The pageant of Empire, which Mr. Frank l.ascelles is in
charge of at the Crystal Palace, has two Canadian scenes
iu which a number of Canadians are interested. The seen
which should appeal to Torontoiiiaus Is that representing
the United Empire Loyalists, iu 17M3. Won't this scene be
a bit risky, too. and liable to offend the patriotic feelings of
Ihe American Coronation visitors'/ Why drag Canada and
the I'. K. L'fl into the llmollghi at t
i/e the present friendly! condition
monial market between American
BrittBh   fittest     (
And it might be wise to Bond out lecturers before hand
to explain to the British public who the TT.E.l/s were and
their pari in the building of the Kmpire,
i late day ami jeopard
existing in the matri
heiresses   and   tottoWnt
SHOE
POLIS
is a favorite in distant countries as well as
being the mo& popular Polish in Canada and
the United States. Australia alone takes over
half a million boxes per year. Superior
merit is the reason.
It contains no Turpentine. Try it with a match.
It is good for your shoes.
THE F. F. DALLEY CO., Limited,
HAMILTON, Ont.,   BUFFALO. N. Y.
ind LONDON, Eng. ||
Whether tlm corn be an' ail.I an- new
growth, it must yield tn llolloway's
Corn Cure, the simplest mul best i-iira
ocera'd to tlia- public.
THE CHAMELON
It is popularly Riipposod thnt the chiimeloon possesses the
power of assuming nil the colors of the rainbow; but, ns n
mutter nf fna't, its capabilities in tlmt lino nro soinowlint
resti-icteii, iiifisiniteli ns curtain colors aro quito beyond its
iittainmoot.
Tlia. chameleon can, however, puss through n series of
yollows, grays, greens .-mil browns until it reaches u color
almost black; ond, unlike the leopard, the clinmelon ean and
does ehango its spots. The chief causes of these rapid
changes ure nnger, fear, heut, nnil cold.
{tt Ilia- full liinze of tlie summer sun the clinmolon tnkes
mi :i Mnchish hue, with pale, pinkish-yellow spots nud a
control  stripe.
Tin1 i-liiimeleon prosonts, perhaps, the quaintest physical
failures in nil nnimnhioin. fur he resembles iiotlling so
much ns ono of the tnodiovsl gargoyles, sitcli us adorn the
towel- of Notre Pnme. His toes, in their nirnngciucnt of
three on imo side nnd two on tho other nf each hand and
foot, aie most suggostivo of a bird, ns is nlso I lie mnnnor in
which than- grasp the hough upon which the little fellow is
resting  or   climbing,    Tl xprossion   of   Bardonlc   humor
Hint seems to piny about tho mouth of tho ehnmeloon is
curiously heightened by Iho weird effects of the independently movi»g oyos.
BIRDS THAT SING MUSIC HALL
SONGS
Afuny persons have been surprised to
learn thnt n canary exhibited at the
Oago Mini Show held recently at the
Crystal Palace was able to talk. Tnlk-
ing canaries are rare, but thore arc a
considerable niimher of bullfinches iu
existence which repeat words with au
aei-amt und tone which indicates sensibility, if one could believe that they un-
iler.stond them. As uu elocutionist the
bullfinch is n masterpiece, ami it has
been remarked thnt he remembers the
words he has mice learnt better ami
longer tlinn the average talking parrot,
and rarely forgets them, ovon when
moulting.
Catch u bullfinch as a youngster, give
him a few lessons in singing, and you
will be surprised at the result. He will
whistle for yon all kinds of airs aud
melodies with ll soft anal flute-like tone,
anal even execute a single air. Teaching bullfinches to sing is n pet hobby
of many miners, particularly iu the
North-country districts, und the writer
heard -recently that one man hail sue-
eessf'ully taught his bullfinch to whistle
the a-liairus of that popular sung, "Yip-
I-Addy-I-Ay-I Ay," in addition to sev
oral other music-hall ditties.
The canary is ti delightful songster,
and with proper i'ttre and attention he
may be taught almost anything. A canary will begin to twitter when about
three weeks old. und if the owner ile
sires to teach him to pipe or whistle
he or she should place him iu a cage
away from his brethren, and bang him
in a somewhat dnrkenoal room. Whatever tuna1 it is desired to touch the ean-
ary to sing should be correctly and very
clearly whistled to him, or played on
nn instrument, such us u flageolet, at
intervals of about two hours. Tho tuna'
should ba- repented at each Interval
four or five times. A bird under tuition
sliouhl not be too freely fed, but it will
be as well to reward his first tunes with
soma" little delicocy.
Some canaries are much quicker at
learning than others, but us a rub- u
canary will not whistle an air perfectly
before two or thraie months hnvo
elapsed. A bird that readily pipes
away nud is a fine songster may be improved by placing in u room whero
there is a nightingale. With a nightingale for un instructor n ennury will
enrich his natural sung to u gri>nt extent, at the same time acquiring the
noil's of the bird he hns the opportunity
of bearing.
A tune un u stringed instrument,
such as u violin, is much appreciated
by a traineal canary, and the moment
the notes nre struck he will .jaiiu in with
uu outburst of song.
The linnet, with his soft uud flute
like voica'. will loom difl'erent airs far
more quickly than n canary, A young
one tuken from the Host will not only
pick up mills uud ends of nil's from
i-very reatherod companion he comes iu
contact with, but if kept iu u room by
himself will in a short space of time
licquire nils an.I ineluilies that are
whistled to him, and he may oven learn
to repent single words. It is the barrios! thing in tin' world to stop u linnet 's
sung. Ile will -it mi his perch und
sing until he limps from slioor oxhnus
li  mice he eels in  full  -wing.
The goldfinch is a favnritte chamber
bird   owing to  lii«  bountiful   plumage,
the excellence nf hi- song, and his gi I
alocility unit roimirkablo olovornoss,
The goldfinch has much fncility in hill
tilling the song of 11 uiuiry, but his
own song in considered In lie second to
lew of our nutivc songsters.
I'erhnps   the  uprightIIos(   warbler  of
the bird world is the nimble i-hnlliin-l
and   his dear and  thrilling  notes  l>|
preach much more clonrli  to urticubit
Bounds than the notes of the majority
of feathered songsters.    Willi persevor
aneo he cun be traineil tn artificial sung
uud In whi-tle distinctly popular tunes
without  spoiling or confusing them in
the least:    Among birds Ihe chafliueh
mnv be  siderod u Caruso, mul, if a
good specimen, will catch nn air on first
hearing and repeat it. almost luiino
diately, in some cases adding to it, perfecting it. nn- ilishing il.
-Tuke a  chofillich and hung him  lla'ar
self.
colds
the t
trial
find
ickle's Auti Consumptive Syrup
ils no recommendation. To all who
familiar with  it, it  spa'iiks for it-
Years of use iii the treatment of
und cuiighs and nil afVection.s of
hrnut has unquestionably establish-
s place among thu very'best medi-
for such discuses. If you give it a
you will not regret it. You will
t -.T cents well invested.
a nightingale ur a canary, and you will
bo surprised.tp find that lie learns and
repeats several parts of his mute's song,
aud would no doubt give them completely if -his larynx were so formed us to
make the rendering of notes so loug
and sustained a possibility,
WITHOUT A SMILE
The motor-bus final grunted, squouked,
and stopped dead just opposite u cab
rank. The driver, after vainly en-
deavoring to a;oux it into movement by
the aid of various tups and levers, muttered some worils not frequently used
in polite society, and alcsceuded to examine the Juggernaut'll interior mechanism. A haiisami cab-driver wns complacently watching the busman'n ur-
duous labors amongst the greasy machinery and ruminating on the progress
of science ns regurds roaal traction.
Suddenly, after having gazed thoughtfully on the scene for some moments,
the cub-driver put his pipe in his pocket, .bleav his nose, took his whip out of
its holder, ami descended from his seat.
with leisurely grace. Walking slowly
up to the perspiring unci thoroughly exasperated motor-driver, he tendered
him the whip, saying, with n pitying
tremur in his voice, und without u
ghost of a sinlie on his fuce: "Here
y'ore, guv'nor;   'it  'imi "
THE CULTIVATION OF  COTTON
EGYPT
During the last few years there has
been curried nut important hydraulic
work in Egypt, iu order to provide a
remedy for the great dryness uf the
lunate ami to give u greater fertility
to the soil by irrigation. In this way
the level of tho Nile is now raiseal considerably and Irrigation canals could
be run ut greater heights than before.
Ilnwi'viM-, this influenced the height of
the underground wuter, and in Lower
Egypt this now comes ovory year nenr
the surface of the ground. At the same
time there w-ns observed il lessening in
the yield uf cotton. In the Delta this
is especially remarked, and the crop for
180(1 wns almost u failure. Accordingly,
the State administration funk measures
to Iii"I out tin' cause of the trouble. As
the only change appeared ti, be due to
the currying out of tho hydraulic work,
it wns thought that the rise in the level
of the wotorsoakod part of the soil wus
the direct cause of the fulling nit' of tho
cotton production, und tu verify this,
the commission inudo u series of tests
by growing cotton plants under conditions which wen. the sanio as usual except thnt artificial means wore provided
for keeping  tuin  soils at   ranges of
2 to lu foot dentli for the watorsoaked
j layer. Por each portion the depth wns
.kept constant. The results nf tin. tests
| dourly showed the great Influence thut
tho   avnta-l   da'plh   hnil   upon   ll ottOU
crop.   The ylolal of cotton in cucli ploce
'« gr I is constantly proportional to
| the depth nf fhe nnilorgroiind water and
is betfer, as the wntorsoilkod Inver lies
|further below the surface, At 'present
tin- coininissiiin is engaged on tests iii
I order to show- what are the best colldi
j linns for cultivating cotton us woll as
othor Egyptian plums. Theso results
(will In- of vnlne iu many other cotton-
producing countries.
The King of Corn Removers
nil':
xtructu
Is  Putnam's
Potty   vi'urs'
proves ' the   -
Painless   Con
othor remedy.
Putnam's Painless Corn  Extractor bu
sululely certain tn remove corns. Sold
by druggists, price 1~> cents.
many  binds
of    Putimiu's
luer   ovory
pai ss, prompt,
| WAVES IN SOLID METAL
I As Illustrating the advances in metal
lurgy ami engineering, it hns boon demonstrated Hint solid metals may re-
' veal by their structure the vibrations tn
which thev havo been subjected.
|    In  a'x-plainiiig tlii-  phenomenon, ox-
ipeninohts   lone   I n   shown   proving
that a beautiful wave structure can be
Imparted tu the surface of mercury.by
the vibrations uf n  inning fork, and
"V,1   evon   ""'   "l,rf» lf   solid   lead
which had been subjected tn similar vibrations possesses a strncturo resembling thnt. nf it vibrating surface uf
I mercury.
j    Mild   steal   hns   boon   deliueil   ns   :,
solid solution''  nf in ,|   <-,,,-i,,,,,
I free from cinders,    Metallurgists havo
| doubted the strength of steel ns il was
known iu its cnrlv dnvs.
I     Mnny  mothers  have  reason  to bless
|Mother  Graves'   Worm   Extorminntor
because it has relieved the little ol f
[suffering nnd made them healthy.
02 1HK lSLANOKK UUMt.l.KLAM>, k.o
THE    ISLANDER
Published  every   Saturday   at Cumberland,  B.C., by
Ormond T. Smithe,
Editor and Proprietor.
Advertising rates published elsewhere in the paper.
Subscription price |1.50 per year, payable in ml ranee.
The editor does not hold  himself responsible (or viewi expressed by
correspondents.
SATURDAY, JULY 15,   1911.
What the Editor has to say.
In the account in the News of the Hospital Board's "enquiry'' into the Goss charges, which appeared in The Islander a few weeks ago, we notice that the Board "very properly"
declined to hold another enquiry into the charges and to look
up a-.id produce Mr. Goss' witnesses as requested by the editor of this paper.
The News is mistaken.
We did not ask for "another" enquiry, as we do not yet
consider that an investigation has been held at all.
In the first place we consider that the Board should have
investigated the charges long before they did; the charges ap
peared in The Islander under date of June 10th, while the
meeting of the Board held to consider them was delayed till
July 7th.
Mr. Goss expressed a willingness to produce witnesses to
substantiate his charges, but the Board never invited or requested him to do so. Mr. Goss and the editor were merely
invited to be present at the meeting of the Board, and complied with that request.
Had the Board been as anxious to obtain all the evidence possible having any bearing on the case, as they apparently were to show that nothing could possibly be wrong in
any particular with an institution with which they were in
any way connected, they would have left no stone unturned
to have everyone present who was prepared to give evidence
to substantiate Mr, Goss' charges, as well as those who had
evidence to give more favorable to the hospital.
The Board seemed to believe that their whole duty was to
defend the Hospital from any criticism, while in reality they
should have acted as judges only, and should have used every
endeavor to obtain all the evidence possible on both sides of
the question.
Mr. Goss stated at the enquiry that owing to the delay
in culling the meeting he would be unable to produce four of
liis witnesses in person, as they had since left town, but he
was willing to give the names of these [men and the Board
c juld get the statements of these men, if they wanted to.
Had the Board been well advised we believe that they
would have got written statements from these men, either corroborating or repudiating Mr. Goss' charges, and thus settling
tlie question instead of leaving the matter just where it wns
before—in the dark.
FRUIT TREES
Not the Cheapest, but the Best
Catalogue Free
Vancouver Island Nursery Co.,
Ltd.
Somenos, V.I.
18 Courtenay Lots
CLOSE IN.      MUST BE SOLD QUICK
Price for the Whole 18 lots is only $1,400 $300 down
Balance easy terms.
The Island Realty Co.
Fire, Life, Live Stock
, .. Accident
P. L. ANDERTON,
Phone 22.     Courtenay, B. C.
Offices: Comox & Courtenay.
FOB SALE
CLEARED FARMS, BUSH LAND
AND LOTS
Agents for E. & N. Lands,
Comox District.
Beadnell & Thwaites
At the Hospital Board meeting on Friday night, Mr. Joseph Shaw expressed the opinion that we were lacking in news
paper courtesy in not reprinting his letter to the News in reply to an article on the food supplies in the Hospital which ap
peared in The Islander.
Hud Mr. Shaw addressed his reply to the editor of this
paper we would have been pleased to have printed his views on
the subject, but it is not the policy of this paper to dish up second hand matter to our readers, especially when it is a communication of a very lengthy nature.
ISLPE9 ADUEATlSlliC HATES
Display Advertisements
75 cents per column inch per month.
Special rate (or halt page or more.
Condensed Advertisements
1 cent 1 word, 1 imue; minimum charge 25 cent*.
No accounts run (or thia claaa o( advertising
Little cubes of metal
Little tubes of ink ;
Brains, and the printing presses
Make the millions think
There is no bettar
way of making the
people of this district think of you
than through an advertisement in
t ISLANDER
Pilsener Beer
The product of Pure Malt and
Bohemian Hops
Absolutely no chemicals used
in its manufacture
Bottled Beer Supplied to the Trade Only.
sEs=Be$t on the Coast ^
Pilsener* Brewing Co.
Cumberland. B.C.
 j3
Summer Furniture
Offerings for the
. . Floor . .
ill
Linoleum, Carpet Squares and Rugs.
For the windows-Blinds, Tapestry and Lace Curtains and
Curtain Poles,    For the kitchen = Ranges, Cupboards, Chairs
and Tables,.   For the bed room—Iron Beds, "Restmorc" Mattresses, Springs, Dressers and Stands.
Full Line of Dining Room Furniture on Hand
"The Furniture Store"
McPhee Block A.   McKINNON      Cumberland, B.O
A FINE LINE OF NEW.
MATERIALS JUST RE-
:   :   :   CEIVED   :   :   :
P. DUNNE
Up-to-date Merchant Tailor
DUNSMUIR AVENUE
THE
CUMBERLAND
= HOTEL =
W. MERRIFIELD, Prop.
The finest hotel in the city.
jooooooooooooooooooooo
P. PHILLIPS HARRISON
Barrister,   Solicitor   and
Notary Public.
i<K><><>oo<><>o<M>ooo<K>o<)<>o<>ooiiO    Office: Cumberland
..VaOtta.
"Leading Tonacco King."
Better known as
"LONG WILLIE"
Dealer in Fruits, Candy, Cigars
and Tobacco.
£Tk Billiard laaiann in conhcotion
Local Agent for
The London & Lancashire
Fire Insurance Co.
Oet rates before ins uring else.
where
GENERAL BLACKSMITHS
Horseshoeing a  Specialty
Third Ave., Cumberland
DISTRICT AGENT
..POR . .
The   Russell
AUTOMOBILE
The only Car Made
in America with
the "Silent Kni;
Valveless Engine,"
Also made in valve
. . style . . .
EL C. ElMIIXE
Cleveland. Brentford, Macsey-Hnrris, Perfect and Blue Fiver Biov-
cles; Fairbanks Morse Gas Engines; also the Moore Gasoline
Lighting Systems. Oliver Typewriters. Repairing of all kinds?
Bicycles, Seiriny Maehims, Unas, etc.     Scissors ami Skates ground
Rubber Tires for Baby Carriages,    Hoops /or Tubs
THIRD STREET, CUMBERLAND,
O
?.
(TOR
t
Practical  Watchmaker
All Work Guaranteed
1
Wi Mri Spaltj.
. . NEXT TO TARBELL'S, . .
Dunsmuir Ave   : ::   Cumberland
■___-■- Ifi
THK I8UKDKK OfilRtRLAKD. B.O.
w
THE BIG STORE.
The Store of
Quality
Hot weather u with us once more, and this store is prepared in every way to supply tlie needs of the season and at
right prices. If you do not intend to purchase, come in
any way. we. have thecooleU store in town, and wc like to
show our goods, whether youpurchase or not, because, we
want to give 100 cents in value for every dollar you spend
with us.
Millinery at half the cost of making.
t
We want every hat, flowers and trimmings, sold in
July, so look them over and see the regular PRICE
CUT IN HALF.
CHILD'S CLOTHING.
Sailor and Russian Blouse Suits neat and Nobby.  These must
go at a GREATLY REDUCED PRICE.
LADIES' SUMMER VE8T3-a complete range in Cotton and
Bilk, every price from 16o to $3.00
A new lot of CHILDREN'S UNDERWEAR. Erery article
MUST GO.
Satisfaction
Guaranteed.
CANCELLATION OF RESERVE
NOTICE is hkkkby oivSN that tbe
raaaa-rvu axiating by reaaon ol a
notioe publiahed in the Itritiah Columbia Gazette nf the 27th. day of December, 1807, over landa limsted on the
Eaat tide of Texada, lahand, lying to the
aouth of Lot No. 2U, formerly covered
by Timber Lioouae No. 1'MoO, which
expired on the 7th dsy of Hey, 1908,
ia cancelled, end thst the aaid lands will
be open for location under the previa-
inna nf the "Land Act," after midnight
ou June ltiih. 1911-
Koskkt A. Hknwiuk,
Deputy Minister of Lands-
Lands Department,
Victoria, B. C.
9th. March, 1911
*»>)*l'*»»»>*W»S>V»*a»J><»,*Ja«»>*S»S»S>»JS^
II  „_
Grocers & Bakers
Dealers in all kinds of Good
Wet Goods
Best Bread and Beer In Town
Agents for Pilsener Beer
Ji~^~~^~~r.~^^ja^~rar.**aranririsvtjaii\
LB k CI, in
I ft c amour htm
I      ^^aj^V     ■■■     ARE   PREPARED  TO  SUPPLY
■        ^"Mr       m^^^    I0K   IN  ANy   QUANTITY   TO
THE TRADE AND PUBLIC.
NOT LESS THAN 25c WORTH SUPPLIED. To Ensure Delivery
the tame day orders most not be later than 11 a. m.
NOTICE ia hereby given thst st the
in it meeting of the Board of License
Caaniiiiiaaiciiaers of the City of Cumberland, I intend to spply for s renewal oi
tbe hotel license htld by me for the
Cumberland Hotel, aituated on lot 1.
block V, Cumberland Townaite.
WILLIAM MERRIFIELD.
Dated this 15th day of May, 1911,
LMBU
Union Lough No 11, I. 0 0. F.
Meets every Faiday evening st 7 oolock
in I. 0.0. F. Hall    Visiting brother!
welcome.
Jan. E. Aston, Sbcrstarv
DEPARTMENT OF WORKS
Notioe To Contractors
SEALED TENDERS, snperaorlbtd
'Tender! lor Courteosy oaoool." wil
be received by tbe Honourable li.r
Minister ol Putlio Worse up to ooou
al Fildsy, tbs llin. dsy ot July, Mil,
'or lbs sreeti in sod eossplstioa ol s
l.ige line loom additioo lo Oou'tsery
debool, iu lbs Oomox Eleolora, Dis ■•
riel.
Plsos, •ptoifiestiooi, eontrset, son
forms of lender may be seen nn sod
.Iter the 24ih. dsy of June, 1911 si
be offices ui B. Cartel, Esq., Heoiei-
•7 to lbs eobool Boaial Ooniisnsy,
B C.j lbs Uo.frnmeol Agent, Comber
lend; snd lus Dpsrtsssui ol Public
vVoika, Vietoris.
Escb proposal null bs socompsri-
ed by sn aooeptid bank cbaqoe or on-
iiuoate cl deposit on s cbsriered bank
jl Csasds, sssde psysbls lo th.
Honourable tbe Mini iter ol Public
Works, lot tbs sum ol |260, wbicb
HbsalJ beforieiled 11 lb* par.y tender-
lug decline lo euler into coutrset
•hen celled upoe lo do so, oi il bs
tails lo complete lbs work oootreated
K.r. Tusebeques or etrtiaosteinf delimit el uosucce slul isnders sill here
urntd lo Ibem upon tbs txeouliun
ut lbs eontrset.
Tenders will nol be considered unless sssde out on Ibe loras supplied
signed wilh lbs selusl signature ol
tbs leuderer, sod enclosed io Ibe ei.-
velopei iurnisbed.
Tne lowest or soy tender not necei-
istiiy accepted.
J.E. GRIFFITH.
Public Works Engineer
feblio Works Dspsrtmsnl,
Victor is B.C.
list. June, 1911.     Jn. M-3 wka
Sta6r Jj]
I
Third St. 6% Penrith Avenue
MAXWELL & HORNAL
Proprietors
All kinds of hauling done
First-class Rigs for Hire
Livery and team work promptly
attended to
CORNER STORE
&ent$ : *|mtfs
w1
E HAVE A GBEAT RANGE
of Summer Suits at  $15.00.
They are the latest in style and
best in quality.
DON'T FORGET-we are a-
gents for Coppley, Noyes & Randall Clothing.
LADIES' DEPARTMENT
Our Ladies' Waists have arrived
and are open for inspection.
',"*>^«,,»s'Na,*»a'**»*»'"**a''*a»>VHa*N>«'»a*,»^^a'N»»*s^^
J. N. McLEOD
C. H. TARBELL
Stoves and Ranges,
Builders Hardware, Cutlery,
Paint, Varnishes, Arms and Ammunition,. Sporting Goods,
etc.
AGENTS   FORi
The McClary  Manufactuing Co.
Sherwin-Williams Paints
i"
Will Old Age Find YOU
Still Drudging Along?
What is life going tomean to you ? Is it Going to mean comfort and prosperity, or is lack
of training going to condemn you to hard labor for the rest of your days?
FOR YOU, THERE IS A ROAD TO SUCCESS.    Let Geo. Shaw, Nanaimo, tell you all about it.
The International Correspondence Schools
. ,. NANAIMO   REALTY   COMPANY   .   .
Fredericton Sub-Division, Edmonton
Some of the leading business gentlemen of this city are putting this sub-division on the market, and a lot bought on this
valuable property cannot help but net you a handsome profit
in a sliort time on a very small amount of capital. This property is situated on Alberta Ave., adjoining the city limits. It
is intersected by the St. Albert road, making access to city easy
^ocf ^Tc^arfane, manager.
To give you an example of the rapid increase in value of this property, we
need bul say that Frederietmt was bought in November last, and resold a few
months later at over double the purchase price.
Can you afford to miss this opportunity lo incest a small amount 0/ capital in
this sub-division 1
Lotson Alberta Avenue are 50 x 12S, the others 50 x UO.
Prices range from $100 to $100, terms 1-3 cash, balance 6, UilS moths.
Agents for Columbia Fire Insurance Company
BOX
786.
gtomfcrOmd, S$. §. m
THE ISLANDER, CUMBERLAND. B.C.
Brockville Cure Reported
"I contracted b severe cold while foi-
lowing my occupation of furniture travelling, and evontually it developed into
Catarrh. The desultory mode of life 1
wns following gave me very little
chance ti> attend to tlie Catarrh condition, and at tasl I became a victim to
Chronic catarrh, t bought a large pao-
kage of Catarrhozono, used it as per directions, and have never been bothered
since. I will be only too glad to give
any information 1 possess to any person
Buffering from tin- disease that was tlie
bane of mv lifo for tw,o years. Jours
aineerelv. A. li. Swartz, Brockville."
Caturrhozoni
Catarrh, Asthi
i substitute. !
sizes bv all de
will
any case •
hitis. Refu
50c and $1.00
BEQUESTS   THAT   OO   ASTRAY
*■ People sometimes accuse us tit' wast
Ing money because we print and circw
Into forms of boquost, said the seen:
tary of a well-known charitable society
•■ i * ii in sure they wouldn't if thoy knew
all tho fads. Tho reason that the ex
ponse is incurred is this: Every year
an enormous amount of money goe
nBtray owing to the carelessness of tQi
tators. —
"It i< not uncommon for a Inrg
smn tn be left to a charity which i
non-existent. A holy nave $500 to on
which, according to her will, was ii
Red   Lion   Square.    What
squn
mind. I believe,
tion in Solui Nip
went to her rolnt
"Thore was an
bcr, where money
County Hospital.'
was
she
ortain
it   the
institu
me*
her cose, I romem-
us left to the "Kent
Now. there in no
such institution. The money was
claimed bv the Kent County Opthalinic
Hospital;'hut that hospital did not get
it. I think it was divided between tlio
Kent and Canterbury Hospital and the
West   Kent   General  Hospital.
••Take this, again. A gentleman loft
two public bequests, and each was
claimed by no fewer than three charities. It happened that in one ease the
testator had used two words which appeared on the door plate of a certain
institution, which consequently get the
money. But the other bequest was divided among the throe claimants.
"Endless confusion has arisen from
the fact that two soeietios with identical aims, and oxacttly the same title
with the exception of 'Koyal,' have the
same address. It frequently happens
that, an old supporter of one ignores it
in his will and leaving money to the
other. There is no doubt that bequests
frequently go astray in the building;
but how are you going to prove it?
"One of tbe most annoying oversights by a testator that I have ever
known was made by a lady who was a
generous supporter of a certain charity,
She gave the committee to understand
that on her death their funds would materially benefit. Sure enough, the charity was mentioned in her will, but
where the amount of the legacy should
have been there was a blank, and consequently the institution did not get
a farthing!"
POOD'S ;'
^kidney'.
A PILLS J
>^\kiDney^c4
\   6&,R*e~uMat'#*>,/
ll!lV *'r?»TJ>OlSfrCWj
Storyettes
UNCLE  IKK  was  stretched  at full
length under a tree.
"Taking   a   little   rest,   aren't
you, uncle?" said the Northern young
lady pleasantly.
"Not perzackly, miss," said the old
darky, with a solemn face. "I don' call
it res' jes' yot. I's waitin' IV de sun
to go down*so's I ean quit wuk wid a
easy conscience.1'
Dean Ramsay'b story of the artist
whose interest in the picturesque was
thought out of place on the "Saw-
bath." recalls an anecdote told by Max
O'Bell.
Once when the genial Frenchman was
staying wilh a friend iu Kdinburgh he
took up his walking stick preparatory
to going out for a walk. But it was
Sunday, and his host remonstrated.
"Do you mind taking an umbrella?"
he said. "It looks more respectable."
Walter Damrosch was describing a
very   ignorant   foreign  critic.
"In short," Mr. Damrosch ended,
•■In1 was as ignorant of music as old
Jed Shucks and his wife were of city
ways, .led was describing, at a dorcas,
his recent visit to New York.
" 'Ann' we wont to a big department
shop,' ho said, 'an' we got inter one o'
them 'ore things wot whizve/.s ye clean
up to the top—wot in tarnation is their
name, ma?'
" 'Shop - liffters. .ledediar,' Mrs.
Shucks replied."
A vicar was taken suddenly ill, and
his church warden was iu great difficulty about getting a substitute, when
the bishop of the diocese, hearing of
the circumstance, filtered to take the
Sunday services himself.
The ehureh warden, wishing "to do
the right thing," at the close of the
service went up to the bishop and, after
thanking him, stammered  out:
"A poorer preacher would have done
or ns, your lordship but we were un-
ble to find one!"
Every Woman
b inter eved nd <Ja*u1i1 know
about the wonderful
MAEVEL Wslrtllf Spr»j
"*—   ew Viflul Syringe.   Hen
u convenient,   ll cleanie*
Inttanlly.      AU jrevf
| druggist fajU
If he rannnt »unplr th*
MAKVlM.icejn i...i,il.-r.
tnt send 'Urn,, let illuvrsi* .
took     *»l* 1    Ir jfi*f,f.ill [.itlif.
rismamt'lirechi>i.<, tot-'" *
WINDSC
WUstMT,
iSOR SUPPLY CO.,
'. Oel.
Dr. Mattel's Female Pills
EIGHTEEN YEARS TBE STANDARD
Prescribed uid rBconunendod for women's *&•
■rats, t •dtutiOcally prepared remedy «
proven worth. Tbe result from their Die U
fBlek and  permuent  For Mle  it  til  drag
VARICOSE VEINS, Varicosities,etc
promptly relieved mil '■wiiimtlly cored by.
A mild, ■afn, ami
s\\lr\S»    jlillfl,    Ult'lll
«r Itrnluf .s<„ \V.
iv numd ud mattully ot
lOlIM 1
i nktn ont dorcnpiA
ni. Luke Kitvaiuiuith,
MAM., witlMf.) 'jo y.-iirf
'it. doctor mlTiwd Hop.
■t.vl ,.f ■1.,.Ilk -1..".-■,)
|'1I:K Wa.rli   al'ia]   L*"l'-„' 111   tff"l
AHMilIIUNK, .IK.,Ht,<iiT,.i,li.mtlin-tam.tll.-m,m
n-NS fSl.l   I.W.-Mj-Hr   l.-lll   :i|.   .1!. , .,,,,-al   [H,tt   la*   WiH  fl>
tlr.-lv i-iinst.   l,.-in..v.«   r...  uvn«, '1'iiiiii.m. i-ynu
KjiillntiyliTiiiKiii-*. i-iimiMiii-i.kn.Lt^riiii.H. Iiji.Ii.^
$'2.'tii:»i laftit.-nt.lnifcTMf. el, i-.t.-.I. iv-- -k-.J I na
H. F. IfOUNfi, P. D F., 2inTemp1» St., Springfield, Mas*
-   IVlms  |.|,|„  JIm.ln.nl. lamsillsn  'r.1,1.. t*
IK.. f..ri-t-1..,r I,. 'IiHTI.% IIOI.K h .lYMiK III., )Uiinli«vl
TIM   MIIDMI.  Mill.   \   Ult'Mt Al, IO.. 1Hi.h1i»l- X Ul.
ttra  ».l"l   lltMIH.Mn   IlitllV  'll„  J.I.I..   VnnF..LI.tT.
Your Liver
is Clogged up
That's Why You're Tired—Out  of
Bortt—Here No Appetiti
CARTER'S UTTLE^
UVER PILLS
•will put you right
(a ■ lew deyi.
They do
iheir dory.
Cuie
Ceaittpt<
tin, Bil-
buitii, Uriigtitbi, and Sick Headacbt,
SMALL PILL. SMALL DOSE, SMALL PRICE
Genuine i^.^u Signature
William P. Murray tho boyish-looking
Democratic member from Massachusetts, was strolling about the House.
Representative Sufzer, of New York,
mistaking him for a page, touched him
the shoulder and Raid:
' Young man, go and get me a «opy
of tlie report on the farmers' free list
bill."
Congressman  Murray looked  around,
w who it was, and walked ont. Soon
he returned, bringing the report, and
on delivering it to Mr. Suizer said:
"'Shop-lifters,      Jedediar,'      Mrs.
ray, of  Massachusetts.' "
•   •   t
Ou the occasion of the visit of a traveling circus to a small town the juveniles of the surrounding country were
all agog with excitement, raised by the
large posters and gorgeous procession.
The young son of a notoriously close-
fisted old farmer rushed in to his father and eagerly importuned him for sixpence with which to "see the circus."
What!" exclaimed old Skinflint,
"sixpence to see the circus, and here
only last month I let you go up to Parmer Jones's field to see the eclipse of
the moon! Young man, do you want
your life to be one perpetual round of
gayety?"
Some of the Macgregors, when their
own name was proscribed, took that of
Dochart, for a romantic reason. A
party of. them, hard pressed by their
pursuers, escaped by swimming the
stream which issues from Loch Dochart
in Argyllshire, and afterward assumed
the name in grateful memory thereof. It
is told of a youth of this stock that,
upon being sent to Glasgow College
with a letter of introduction from his
minister, lie gave his name as Dochart.
"he recipient of the letter suggested
that there must be some mistake, since
the letter spoke of a Macgregor.
"Weel,   sir,"   the  youth   explained,
that's the way they spell the name in
our country."
Dr. Herold, president of the New
Jersey board of health, tells of a young
friend who recently graduated as a
physician. One of the young doctor's
first clients was a fat girl. Her fatness
weighed upon her and she wanted to
got rid of some of it. The young doi
tor drew up a careful diet; she was to
(•at dry toast, plain boiled beef, etc.,
and to return in a mouth to report re
duct inn. At. the end of the month she
could hardly get through the doctor's
doorway.    He was aghast.
"Did you eat what 1 told vou?" he
asked.
"Religiously."
IMs brow wrinkled itself. "Anything
else?" he asked.
"Only my ordinary meals."
A Southern lawyer tells of a case that
cam a to him at the outset of his career,
wherein bifl principal witness was a
•larky named Jackson, supposed to have
knowledge of certain transactions not
it all to the credit of his employer, the
lefemlant.
"Now, Jackson," said the lawyer.
'I want you to understand the importance of telling tin- truth when you aro
put on the Stand, You know what will
happen, don't vou, if you don't tell
the truth?"
"Vessir," was Jackson's reply; "in
dat en so I expects our side will win de
case.''
A steam heating plant hud been installed in the house of the new president of a small, conservative college.
The president of a small, conservative
The president startled by a break in
q steam pipes, went in search of the
liege janitor. Being unfamiliar with
s new surroundings, he entered the
library.
" l»i. So ami So,"' ho inquired, hi*
th coming in gasps, '' how enn I
find tho janitor?"
"Well." the librarian replied hi n
■Irani, "1  find the surest way is
"Oh. that's an old story!" the col-
lio's advocate broke in sneeringly.
"The man's name was Partridge, of
course, and because of that the dog
came to a set.   Ho, ho!    Come again!"
"You're mistaken," rejoined the
other suavely. "The dog didu't come
qiute to a set, though almost. As a
matter of fact, the man's name was
Quayle, and the dog hesitated on account of the spelling!"
An old worthy who was in the habit
of calling each evening at the village
inn for a "drap o' the best," found the
landlord one wight putting a shine on
the taps. After a few remarks about
the weather he received his nightly
dram. After he hnd gone the landlord
discovered to his horror that he had
supplied Donald with a half gill out of
the bottle of sulphuric acid which he
had been using for cleaning tho taps.
Every moment he expected to hear of
old Donald's death, and his relief was
great when the old worthy arrived the
next evening.
"Donald, what did you think o' the
whusky ye got last night?"
"It was a tine dram, a good warming
dram." said Donald, "but it had wan
fault. Every time I coughed it set
lire to ma wliuskers."
Tho entertainer was seomingby in
good voice as he began: "Ladies and
gentlemen, having blindfolded iny partner, I will now proceed to test her
thought reading powers, 1 have in my
hand an apple. Will you kindly tell
the audience what it is thnt I am holding in my hand'*"
"An apple."
"Correct. 1 have here a watch.
Kindly tell the audience what I have."
'' A watch.''
"t^uite right. You see, ladies and
gentlemen, it is impossible to catch
her."
The entertainer produced a piece of
wood and a saw, and commenced to saw
vigorously.
"Kindly tell the audience what I am
doing."
No reply.
"This is rather a difficult feat, ladies
and gentlemen. 1 will try again. Can
you tell me what I am doing?" said the
entertainer,   continuing   his   sawing.
"Yes.    You are singing."
Loud applause.
To the top-hatted visitor the pedagogue was saying a good word for his
most intelligent, pupil.
"I am proud of Brown. I have inculcated in him the love of learning to
such an extent that he now prefers
study to play. I expect at this moment
he is writing Timmin's Latin prose on
that sheet of paper there, while all the
other pupils are at (day. I will ascertain."
He called the lad to him. "Brown,"
he said, "let us see the result of your
industry."
"I—I'd rather not, sir," blushed
Brown.
"Note his modesty," whispered the
schoolmaster. '' Come, Brown, let me
see what you  have beeu writing."
Still the boy demurred. But the
schoolmaster insisted, and forcefully
appropriated the paper. And there, in
neat imitation of feminine handwriting,
he read the following: "Please excuse
my son James from school to-day. He is
wanted at home."
Her Skin Was Yellow
"I had only to try Dr. Hamilton's
Pills to appreciate their merit," writes
iliss Annie S. Hryce. of Woodstock.
"My system was out of order. My
blood was weak ami thin. 1 had a
nasty, murky complexion. My skin was
hard and dry. The first box of Dr.
Hamilton's Pills made a complete
change. 1 felt better at once. Healthy
color came iuto my face. In about three
weeks I was cured." Dr. Hamilton's
I'ills effect an easy cure. Try these good
pills, 25e. per box, or five boxes for
$1.00, at all dealers.
number of tickets sold on
horses. The system gives
the purchase of which the
all of the
tickets by
bettor cau
back a liorse to win. run second or
third. The three machines are shown
by "straight." "place" aud "show."
thus any purchaser buying a ticket ou
any horse can tell at the time of his
purchase how many tickets have beeu
sold on his horse, as well as the total
number of tickets sold on all of the
horses.
At the start of each race an electric
button is touched ill the judges' stand
which locks each machine. Consequently when the barrier is sprung it is impossible to purchase any more tickets.
It will be seen that no one could have
any object In view to alter the result
of any particular race or bring about
what one termed '' fixed'' races, us
there is no division of money other
than what the public invest themselves.
To show at a glance the process of
this ascertainment of the dividends due
winning backers, a supposed ten-horse
race is used for illustration, and methods and results are presented as fid-
lows:
white men. The union was therefore
advised to improve the quality of its
members iu the hope that they might
one day be able to compete with the
foreigners and do their work as well
and as soberly.
Horso,
No
if %•! ticket
Sold.
Countless  	
...    425
Polls   	
...    4lf,
Avltlla'r	
...    268
.1. il. Reed	
...     Hit
Leumonco  	
...    106
Don Castor	
...    105
Hell Horse	
li'J
Turn Btgbee	
...    315
Melton  Straaa't   ...
...    18T
Starry Night   ...
...     411
Total.
•.'onr.
Now, supposing that Countless was
first, .1. H. Ra'pal second and Leameneo
third,
Total number of straight
tia-k.-tH  sailai 2011",
Keduec to alollars by iinilti
plying '       *2.H0
Deduct 5  per cent,
sion for elnb   ...
$4180.00
.    209.511
The Horseman
With the opening of the Woodbine
racetrack by the Ontario Jockey Club
came incidentally the opening of the
pnrl-mutnel system of betting. Perhaps it will be interesting to some of
our readers to know that forty years
ago bookmaking was practically unknown on this continent.
Betting on the racetracks was wholly through auction pool selling and the
pari-mutuel   system.     •
It is believed that nn Englishman
by the name of Stanton began book
ing on the New York tracks. He made
money so quickly that many others
were induced to follow. It became so
popular that it monopolized speculation on the running turf, the pool sell
ing and the mutuels falling by the way
side.
With its growth and popularity, operations in bookmaking became so extensive as to overshadow the sport of
racing itself. This aroused antagon
ism, that led to hostile legislation
threatening the very existence of racing.
Within the past two years tbe real
friends of racing set about restoring
old-time methods of betting as a substitute for bookmaking. The pioneer
liorse breeding state of Kentucky,
through its state racing commission,
abolished bookmaking from its tracks,
substituting auction | Is and mutuels
in its stead.     The result has b  that
Kentucky racing is free from scandal.
The experiment has been extensively
tried, and it is now more than probable
that this method of betting will re-
tore the sport to its old time stand
ing through the entire continent,
The   distinct   feature  of  this  betting
that the public makes its own odds.
Another feature is the ubsolnte fairnesa
Of the system. It is not difficult for
one to understand its methods
It is a method in which each hackei
invests what he pleases ou the horse
f his choice. The whole amount bel
on all the horses is aggregated on a
pari mutttel after the race to tlmse who
o bucked the winning horse. Bet
ting is done, by purchasing tickets representing tin. buyer's selection. These
kets are sold generally ai *:!, *.". and
$10 each according to the amount the
purchaser  wishes to  invest.    The total
Net   for   division $:WS0.50
Divide $H9S0..r)0 by 425, the number
of tickets sold on Countless, and it will
equal $9.3b\ Thus each $1! ticket sold
Countless returns the buyer $9.36,
which includes the $2 invested. Place
and show tickets are figured iu exactly
the same manner.
When the state racing commission
started the puri-mutuel method of bet
ting iu Kentucky, one year ago, it was
customary ■ to publish the number of
tickets sold on each horse, win or lose,
but owing to the fact that an incorrect
number of tickets were published by an
official handbook paper, the practice
was discontinued. It is the writer's
opinion that our Canadian race associa
tions should not follow the footsteps of
our Kentucky friends in this particular as every bettor should know, or at
least, should be given an opportunity of
figuring out what odds he would have
received had his horse won, with the
present system in vogue, he must make
a memorandum of the machines while
the race is being run iu order to ascertain this fact. Otherwise the method
in O.K., and contains many commendable features, while its drawbacks, if
any, ure difficult to Hnd.
TQ INCREASE THE POPULATION
They have a Large Families .League
in Prance now. The president has U
children and still hopes, aud he would
have his countrymen go and do like
wise. He says that 1,804,710 Preach
homes have no children, that 3,661,978
have only one child, and that 8,661,978
have only two children. France, he
says, without children, is only a skeleton, Of course the league has remedies
to propose. Countries may be poor ill
children, but never in reformers. The
league demands that taxation be remitted with the birth of the fourth child;
that official positions be given only to
those with large families; that state
servants shall be promoted in accordance with the number of their children*.
and finally that the government shall
vote money to sustain the league. That
was sure to come, but why clog up the
agenda paper with the preceding irrelo-
vancies.' iSo long as the league is nde-
quately sustained with public money
Prance may yet be saved, and Prance
is likely to be saved, by force if necessary, so long as there is money inside
the treasury and reformers witli eleven
children outside of it. We kuow that
breed.
BAVARIA'S MAD MONARCH
It is to feared that the world docs
not often think of King Otto of Bavaria, the mad monarch who lives in the
Castle of Puerstonrled. His majesty is
just sixty three years of age, but perhaps even convention will hardly demand the usual felicitations. Twice
every year a committee of physicians
visits the castle aud reports to the
Hungarian government. The report is
always the same, "No change in the
king's condition." Asa matter of fact
Otto is iu splendid health, a grim joke
nature often plays upon those whom
she has robbed of mind. Ile recogni/.es
oune of his friends. Me does not even
know that he is a king, He babbles
unceasingly to the spirits that surround
him or stares moodily into space for
hours together. Antl yet the outward
pomp of royalty is maintained. There
are troops of servants and sentinel
guarding the walls.
RHEUMATISM
13 Months* Suffering Cared
Denr 8ir:
"I wish you to put my letter on record for the sake of sugering humanity.
I have suffered 18 months with Muscular Rheumatism in my back. I havo
spent at least $20.00 on pills aud liniments during that time, but nothing
wouhl euse mo of the pain—in fact it
was a chronic pain. For those long IS
months it stayed right with me. sometimes convulsive and cramp like, causing me to groan and cry aloud. Every
moment wus torture. I could not turn
in bed without yelling out. -Now 1 will
always bless the day when I lirst start'
ed to rub in, and* to take Internally
' Nerviliue.' After using four bottles
mv pains have left me. 1 shall always
take off my hat to 'Nerviliue' and can
honestly say it's the poor man's best
friend, because ft will always drive
away from you the Demon—Pain.
"Yours truthfully,
"Thomas GoGss,
" Paris, Out."
Pse only Nerviliue.   Sold iu 25c and
50c botttlos the world over.
GOING AWAY
They're  going  away,  hooray.
It's off to the seashore tbey'r
Aud Dad with his nose to thi
stone will stay—
The original Man with the Hoing
hooray!
' going!
■ grind
s tie
othe
end him a postal card."
Cine would have it that a collie
most sagacious of dogs, whilo the
stoo<l up for the setter.
"T onco owned a setter," declared
the latter, "which was verv intelligent.
! had him en the street one day, and he
nctod BO '[iicerlv about a certain man
we mol that I naked the man his name,
and "
amount
less th
sociati
holders
The
ticket
innchiii
tickets
>d
all
percentage char
ti is then divid
nf the winning t
lachino registers
i!d as soon as it
- show plainly i
nldon each hors
>f the horses,
'd hy the as
I among the
kets.
i.li and every
< Bold.. These
e number of
and also the
CANCER
Old Soros, Lumps
in Brenst, Growths
removed and heal,
ed by a simple
Home Treatment
ribo tlie troutilc, we will send
inialsfrec.
OIE CANADA CANCER INSTITUTE, Limited
10 Churchill Ave., Toronto
> pni
OPIUM IN CHINA
The Chinese government is in grim
earnest in its etl'ort to extirpate opium
growing throughout the empire. A traveller who has lived two- years in the
country und who is familiar with large
parts of the interior says that not a
single poppy can now be found in extensive areas that were formerly given
over to its cultivation. If a solitary
patch is allowed to appear it is quickly
attacked bv officials, who adjust the
little difficulty with long-tonthed rakes.
Should the growers resist their heads
are cut off, and this is found to prevent
further activities on their part and to
discourage    tl nthusiasm    of    their
friends. There is naturally a good deal
of indignation ou the part of the opium
smokers, who have now to pay excessive
prices for their favorite debauch. As
a result, an unusually large number of
girl babies are sold into slavery by
those who must raise money lo buy the
drug. It would be interesting to kuow
how much opium Is considered to be the
equivalent nf a girl baby. One would
think not Hindi. A girl baby takes a
long time to grow up. Moreover, she
may always "up uud die on yen."
And, talking of Chinamen, a cuiinus
story i-Hines from Newport, in Wales.
It seems that a great many Chinese sailors are to be found there, so many indeed that the sailors' union addressed
a vigorous protest against their employ-
ment to Glen & Co., the shipowners.
Messrs. (Hen were oqunl to the occasion.
They replied that the Chinese sailors
received the same payment us the British, but that it was more profitable to
employ Chinamen been use they were
Kober'na.l efficient*. In fact, It" would
be tn tluir advantage to pay higher
wages  to  the  Chinamen  than   to   the
FATAL BLUNDERS OF CRIMINALS
"Four murderers out of live phi
the noose round their own necks," was
the startling statement made by a Scot
land Yard official to the writer. "No
matter how clever the criminal is, he is
almost certain to do some stupid thing,
or to omit taking sonic elementary pre
caution, which is his undoing; and the
cleverer he is -as was proved in Crip-
pen's case—the more and bigger blunders he often makes.
'And it has always been so. I could
give you scores of cases in which a
murderer, however cautiously and cleverly he has planned his crime, has by
a single foolish act played straight into
the bands of justice.
"I'oncet, the notorious French  mur
FARMER'S WIFE
TELLS HER STORY
FOUND A CURE FOR ALL HER ILLS
IN DODD'S KIDNEY PILLS
An Easy Pill to Takc.--S.uno persons
have repugnance to pills because of
their nauseating taste. I'uriuelce's Vegetable I'ills are so prepared ns to make
them agreeable to the most fastidious.
The most delicate .an take them without feeling the revulsion thai follows
tbe taking of ordinary pills, This is
one reason for the popularity of these
celobrated pills, but the main reason is
their high tonicnl quality as a medicine
for the stomach.
She Was Tired, Worn-out and Nervous
and Sucered from Rheumatism, but
Two Boxes of Dodd's Kidney Pills
Cured Her
Hawthorne, Out., .lune 5,—(Special);
—Mrs. T. fi. Alexander, wife of a well-
known farmer living near here adds
her testimony to that of the thousands
who have learned' from tlieir own experience that Dodd's Kidney Pills cure
Kidney   Disease.
"I sugered for twelve years." Mrs.
Alexander says, "My back ached, my
sleep was broken anil unref wish ing, I
was nervous and tired and I was troubled with heart batterings. Rheumatism
developed and added to my sugering.
" I was in a very run-flown, worn
out condition when I started to use
Dodd's Kidney Pills, but I am thunk
ful to say they gave tne relief almost
from t|ie thst. Two boxes cured me
completely,
Dodd's Kidney I'ills cure the Kidneys. Cured Kidneys mean that all
impurities are strained nut of the blood.
That means pure blood all over the
body and the banishment of that tired,
heavy feeling and those pains and aches
that  impure blood brings,
derer, was a very clover man; but he
was mad enough to be seen driving with
his victim on the very day of the crime,
and the same evening hawked his watch
about at a -public ball. I-Mison, the
Bodmin murderer, went straight from
the scene of his crime to have his hair
cut. The barber noticed that, while his
beard was brown, his hair was quite
grey. The murdered woman wns found
to have u handful of brown hair iu one
hand and of grey iu the other.
".Innot, the notorious French mur
derer, after killing and robbing a uiaii
uud his wife, went straight to the savings bank iu his native town, where lie
His known us a pauper, to lodge the ex-
ct sum his victims were known to have
saved. A man called Woll!', who murdered his master, appeared immediately
ifterwards actually wearing a well-
known suit of his victim; aud Tropp-
maun, who killed an entire family,
wouhl uot even have been suspected
had he not iu his vanity described with
such minute knowledge how the man
he accused had probably done the deed
that ho was himself arrested on suspicion and forced to confess that he
was the murderer.
"The Muswell Hill murderers were
brought to the gullows by a toy lantern
they had carelessly left behind them
at the scene of the crime, and which
was identified as his own property by
the young brother-in-law of Mi'lsom,
one of the murderers. Mrs. Dyer, the
notorious baby-niurdeter, was undone
by au envelope which formed part of
the packing of one of her victims'
bodies; and Hudson, the wife murderer,
might have gone scot free if he had not
placed a sheet of blank paper in an
envelope aud addressed it to himself
under one of his pseudonyms, witli the
object of throwing the police off thu
scent.
"JamcM Canliam Head would have
proved an alibi, and thus escaped tho
gallows, if he had not stupidly sent a
telegram which conclusively disproved
this defence; and wheu Franz Muller
murdered Mr. Hriggs on the North London Railway a good many years ago, he
was fool enough to leave in the railway-
carriage his straw hat, which easily led
to his identification.
"Even excess of care often proves
as fatal as such acts of carelessness.
Thus, oue murderer, after cutting his
victim's throat, arranged everything so
as to point conclusively to a case of
suicide—with one exception. He hid
the fatal knife, a precaution which no
suicide, for obvious reasons, takes. Sox-
em! murderers with a similar object
have placed knife or revolver In the
victim's hand, where it has been found
loosely held. After a suicide the weap
on is always clutched tightly.
Wniuwright thought he had effect
ually destroyed all trace of his victim
wheu he buried her remains in chloride
of lime. Chloride nf lime, however, instead of destroying, preserves; and the
"hhIv wns found in an excellent state
of preservation."
The Bowels Must Act Healthily.—In
most ailments tlie first cure of the medial man is to see that the bowels are
open and fully performing their functions, Parmelee's Vegetable I'ills are
so compounded thut certain ingredients
in them act on the bowels solely and
they are the very best medicine available to produce healthy action of the
bowels. Indeed, there is no other specific so serviceable iu keeping the diges
five organs in healthful action.
QOUDRON
rt*i/i.e on
foptMOiturJ
Bt-ttApaT.il '
MAI HIKES
Syrup of Tw
iGOD tiV&R OIL
«'
ONLY A COLD
Fatal words, which have often boon followed
by severe illmiss; chock a uold in time. Stop it.
Use
MATHIEU'S SYRUP
of Tar and Cod Liver Oil
This relitible remedy, the iniisl successful
known, is at once a cure anal a tonic. It helps
nature to cure you and keep you woll.
Large bottle ll'i cents; all dealers.
J. h. MATHIEU CO., Prop., SHERBROOKE, Que.
Western Distributors
FOLEY BROS., LARSON & CO.
Winnipeg, Edmonton, Vancouver ami Saskatoon
11—111 mini iwn—laWl
FOR THAT NEW HOUSE
Sackett Plaster Board
The Empire Brands of Wall Piaster
Manufactured only by
The Manitoba Gypsum Co., Ltd.
Winnipeg, Man,
92
. THE ISLANDER. CUMBERLAND, B.C.
ll
Some Wonders of the Oceans
Inhabitants
(By Lillian  E. Zeh)
Delving into the mysteries of ono of
the wonders of the world—the mystery
of blaster Island, where great stone images from fifteen to thirty-four feet
in height, carved iu human form; whero
immense stone-built temples of groat
age,' terraces with low pillars obviously used in tho long-distant past for
sacrifices, perhaps, of human beings,
offers a u ethnological problem of which
startling solutions have been offered,
but which remains a mystery still.
Officers of H.M.S, Algorinc, sailing from
Vietorin, B.C., bad a remarkable experience during tho warship cruise in
the South Seas, from which she has
just returned—a cruise full of romantic
interest, during which many islands
seldom visited wore investigated. Hut
the visit to romantic Easter Island, set
far away from other isles, 8,080 miles
out in tbe lone Pacific from the Chilean
coast, and 1,500 miles from other isles,
except Pit calm, was tbe most interesting, tor there is the mystery of nn unknown people, perhaps a cradle of the
human race, where people must havo
lived who hail a civilization that was
akin to that of Egypt ami with which
they seemingly hud much iu common.
The impression prevails, as a result of
the investigations made, that the loug-
forgotten people whose only trace is
the wonderful stone terraces and bouses
and great carvings, huge monoliths different from all other art of the South
Sea peoples, went from Peru or Yucatan, where recent discoveries have
brought to light finds that cause scientists to believe that a civilization which
antedates that of Egypt and Assyria
existed among the Mayas of Yucatan—
a people who may have given Egypt a
civilization. A platform similar to
those of Easter Island was found buried
under guano on Maiden Island. Uut
nowhere else iu the South Sea is anything that bears kin to the handicraft
of the vanished carvers and architects
of the civilized people wiio oaco must
have lived on Easter Island.
It was a cruise full of interest that
the little sloop of war has just completed in the South Pacific. The Al-
gerine left here last October, and after
calls at Aeapulco, fnllao, and Yalpar
ah»o. she steamed out 2,000 miles to
sea to where lies isolated Master Island.
Tahiti, Henderson, Pltcairu, Penhryn
Maiden, Christmas and Fanning Islands
were visited. The cruise was through
strange waters, among islets which have
been the subject of romantic and.tragic
tales, among people who seldom see any
vessel or visitors, people who live close
to nature and will still barter tlieir
wares for the glass beads of the trader.
Weird as well as romantic were the
landings at some of these inlands, where
tone graves marked the resting-places
of forgotten dead of ocean tragedies,
where forgotten wrecks lay—but it was
at Easter (stand that the Algeriue made
the most romantic call. There the
ship's company came in touch with the
remnnnt of a lost civilization, and i'is-
itcd an island people whose population
has dwindled from thousands—there
were 3,000 people on the island before
the slave-traders came to raid them in
1868—to a few score, in fact but slight
ly over a hundred.
Whence came this mysterious people
who differ so much from other inhabit
ants of the South Seaf Who were the
onrvenc who fashioned these strange
statues from the grey, compact lava
of the extinct volcano on the island
with au art suggestive of the sculpture
of ancient Egypt, and as different «s
night from day from tho totemry of the
Maoris, tho art of the Poiynesiau or
other peoples of the South Seas? This
is oae of the unsolved wonders of the
world. It is nn unsolved problem of the
migrations of races. The remaining
Datives have but one tradition, which
is that "ages ago their ancestors came
i.n a large boat from Hapa (Operao),
which is 1.900 miles to the westward.
They landed at Ounipu, a bay on the
east* side. Their king wus with them,
and he made the great statues out of u
quarry in the crater, near which he
built his palace of stone." How these
early navigators managed to reach this
lonely spot and make so long a voyage
in the face of the usual trade wind is
one of the mysteries the solution of
which would dear up many difficulties
in the understanding of the history of
the early races and civilization of Peru
nnd Central America. The character
of the architectural and other re
mains evidently points to au Eastern
origin, the ancient sculptures being
typical of those of Egypt.
The position of Easter Island offers
little clue to the mystery of the original settlers. It is near the southern
verge of the southwest trude wind,
which blows constantly from October
to April. During the rest of the year
it is in the tropical variables; for a
fow months' westerly winds prevail
which bring much rain. It is therefore
probable that this was the time of the
voyage, but how such a craft could be
guided due east without a compass is
Still  a  mystery to modem  navigators,
The sculptors of the great stone images of Easter Island, the remnant of
whose work ami the terraced platforms
of the ancient people have struck every
visitor to Easter Isl I with astonishment, were from ('entrnl America, according to the theory now offered.
These people may have had their beginnings in Yucatan, where the late
Dr. le liongeon recently traced a civilization aud art that goes to show that
what geographers have called the new
world was really the old world, the scat
of the ancient civilization that gave
Egypt and Babylon their arts and sciences. I n Yucataii.where the tropical
foliage grows with such wonderful fertility that it has buried temples, statues and other things in deep forests,
the counterpart oi these strange statues of EflBtor Island have been found,
and the imagination can easily conjecture a theory of the long-buried peoples
who must have been great travellers ia
their day, a people whose diverse interests sent emigrants seeking new lauds,
and Eftstor Island was probably the
home in the long past ages of one of
those offshoots of the ancient civilization of Central America.
It is no new problem, thi,) of Easter
Island. Other British warships have
visited the place, and their officers have
examined    the    great   statues.     When
U.M.S. Topaze went thero in 1808 one
of the statues weighing four tons was
londed on board and sent to the British Museum. Commander Powell made
a lengthy report to the British Admiralty. U.M.S, Sappho also wont thero
in ISSU, wheu Contmander Clark submitted a description, Commander
Tones of U.M.S. Algeriue will also send
:» report tu the Admiralty of his recently-completed voyage, Hoggewein found
the island on Easter Sunday in 1721,
and Cook and Ea I'erouse both visited
it. Commercially tho island was never
inportunt; it produced nothing to invito visits of traders, and it has been
left with ifs mysteries.
The complexion of the people is very
ight, almost white; lighter than any of
the (dher races of the South Sea. The
anguage is Poiynesiau. The natives
are proud of the ancient statues, but
cau furnish practically uu information
concerning them, not even tradition.
The great stone busts are scattered all
over the island, several hundred of
them. They are usually fifteen to eighteen feet in height, and some much
Inrger, one thirty-four feet in height
being seen. They are all of the samo
material, a grey, compact lava taken
from the crater of Otuiti. at the northwest end of the island, where unfinished
ones are still to be seen.
In form the statues are trunks, terminating at the hips, with tho arms
close to the sides, aud the hands are
sculptured in low relief and clasping
the hips, The head is vory flat, the
top of the forehead being cut off level
to allow the crown to be put on. Tho
crowns are of rod tufts, found in the
Terano Una crater, and in shape are
short, truncated cones, or nearly cylindrical. The face is carved square, mas
sive, nearly always sternly disdainful
in expression, and tho aspeca is always
Upward. The figures are known by
individual names, but they are not regarded as idols. All are of immense
age.
other remains, which are of the
greatest age, aud of equal interest, on
the island are the sculpture*] stones on
the brink of the sea cliffs at Ternno
Kau, at the south end of the island,
where the last lava stream reaches the
sea. ('lose to these stone blocks are
eighty or more stone-built houses of
very great age, not used by the present
inhabitants^ They are iu capital pro
nervation. It was in one of these
houses that the bust, about eighty feet
high ami weighing four tons, now in the
British Museum was found bv officers
of H.M.S. Topaze in 1808. There is also
a terrace—the cemetery of the ancient
islanders—made near the sea, of rolled
stones from fhe sen carefully fitted
together and about one hundred yards
long. Several others of these terraces
exist. Other remarkable remnants of
these ancient people nre the platforms
built with large unhewn stones, fitted
with exactness, on sloping ground to
ward the sea. Tho sea face of these
platforms—the temples of long-forgot
ten priests—are much more conspieu
ous than their sides. These places are
variable in size. There is one in a fine
state of preservation half way between
Winipoo and Otuiti with an external
wall 30 feet broad by 100 paces long.
On the platform thus supported are
numerous images, now prostrate, some
low pillars, apparently used for sacrifices, and others for burning bodies,
as burnt stones were found near them.
Similar platforms exist on Maiden Is
land, where one has been found buried
under guano, and this again connects
them with the analogous ruins iu Peru
aud Yucatan.
It is the theory that these same
people who came from the westward
to people Easter Island and cut its
great statues, build its stone houses,
platforms and temples furnished Eg
ypt with civilization. The famed Eg
yptologist. the late Dr. le Plongeon, who
held this theory, spent his fortune in
studying the connection of the people
of (.'entrnl America with the Egyptians,
and others who have studied the great
problems held that Easter Island may
once have been the cradle of the ancient
civilizations nf the world. The finds
in Yucatan by I)r. le Plongeon show
that ut some' time relationship must
have existed between the Mayas of
Yucatan and the Egyptians who lived
in what is called the Old World, Over
ti portal in Yucatan he found sculptures-in which might serve as illustrrt'
tion of the story of the Creation as giv
en iu the ancient work of the Brahmins, the "Mauava Dharuia Shastra,"
compiled in B.C. I.'too from works of
greater antiquity. The characters inscribed on this carving are ancient Egyptian letters. Many were the dis
coveries of co-relationship iu art, language, story and custom of the Mayas
and   Egyptians.
Writing of the discoveries made by
her husband in his excavations in Yucatan, Mrs. le Plongeon recently said:
"I think our work indicated beyond
doubt that some connection must him
existed between Egypt and Yucatan
Otherwise, two civilized nations, so far
apart could not have developed customs
so closely resembling one another. The
indications suggest one and the same
origin. In Yucatan perhaps we find
the beginning of the vast conceptions
which culminated iu the magnificent
pyramids ami other wonders. It may
lie that in Central America these ideas
originated; and it is an extranrdina ,
reflection upon those who profess a
wish to unravel the mysterious past,
that they ignore the Immense possibilities which might reveal themselves to
scholars who would give to research in
Mexico ami Central America one tithe
of the energy now devoted to Assyria
and   Egypt."
A still greater problem is that of
Easter Island, with its statues and architectural works resembling those of
Central America and the work of the
ancient Egyptians. Easter Island offers to scientists one of the unsolved
wonders of the world. Tt is a lone
island, a small Isolated spot set. far
apart in the lone waters of the Pacific,
a triangular treeless isle, nine by ton
by thirteen miles, its highest part being fl peak at the northwest about 2,000
feet high. The soil is of decomposed
lava, of a reddish hue. tlilckly strewn
with lava blocks, and the coast is
rocky,   with   only two  or three  sandv
creeks in all its extent. And here lies
ono of tho secrets of the world which
battles modern thinkers. Only tbe statues and othor remains give mute evidence of the mystery—and they cannot
tell their story.
THE   LARGEST   ELECTRIC   VALVE
IN THE WORLD
(By Frauk O. Perkins)
In these days of commercial and
technical achievement on a gigantic
scale, there is hardly any department of
the applied sciences which does not
boUst of some stupendous example, some
mammoth structure, an imposing monument to the industrial civilization of
our time. One thing leads on to au-
other. If the vast strength of Niagara
has been tapped by water power stations of unprecedented magnitude, the
immensity of the thing extends down
into what one hesitates to call the "detail" structures. For a valve which
omfortably accommodates an automobile with five persons in its interior is
rather a large "detail."
This bine-foot valve was designed
aud built at Indian Orchard, Mass. It
is one of a sot of three constructed to
control the water driving hydraulic turbines of 18,000 horse-power'each at tho
Niagara Falls Hydroelectric Station of
the Ontario Power Company. The
valves are of the ('batman type, weighing 66 tons apiece. Each is operated by
au alternating current electric motor
of 15 horse-power, three minutes being
required for raising or lowering tho
gates, which are of cast stoel. They are
the largest electrically operated valves
iu the world. Each is 11 feet wide and
over 30 feet, high, the total thickness
over the flanges being nearly 7 feet.
It muy be stated that the body of the
valve is of cast iron, and the valve gate,
which is of steel, is designed for a pressure of 00 pounds per square inch, or a
total load of more than half a million
pounds. For relieving the water pressure when closing or opening the valve
a 14-inch by-pass valve is provided.
There are guides provided for the nine-
ton cast steel gates, with brass shoes
for taking the wear between the guides
und the gate, the latter being forced
awuy from the guides at the instant of
closing, resting ugainst the bronze seat
ring entirely. The water pressure holding the gate shut tightly. It is stated
that this final seating upon the bronze
ring is obtained by putting the seat in
on an angle, giving the effect of an
ordinary gate valve with wedge-shape
club. The cast-iron valvo bodies are
heavily ribbed to withstand the high
pressure, and the bronze valve seats are
held in the body by bronze headless
screws through the ring face.
The electrical equipment for the
operating mechanism is unique. The
fifteen horse-power alternating current
motors drive the spindles, which are
over 1H feet long, through gearing.
These spindles for raising the gate
valve have threads of 2 inches pitch
and are two in number, of Tobin bronze
A\i> inehes in diameter. There nre automatic electric limit switches arranged
at the top and bottom of the gate
travel so designed as to make it impossible to start the motor in the wroug
direction, and a unique magnetic brake
is provided for instantly stoppiugithe
valve gate mechanism. In ense the gate
is part way open the electric motor
may be restarted in either direction,
but if the nine-ton valve gate is entirely closed the electric, motor can only
be restarted to raise the gate, aud vice
versa.
THE EMPEROR'S POWER
tt would seem thut monarchy in Germany has still some arbitary powers
left to it. An order has been issued
that all advertisements marring the
beauty of the scenery must be removed.
No mutter whom they belong to, no
matter what countless millions are represented, down they must come. Tho
beauty of Germany is not a commercial
asset, aud those who wish to see it may-
do so without a reminder of the frailties
of the flesh or au exhortation to cleanse
themselves with some particular brand
of soap. The decision ia the case of
each advertisement is left with the
local authorities, but they are not like
ly to be merciful with such an example
from headquarters. Anil yet Germany
is said to be in the maw of commercialism and to be deaf and blind to the
good, the beautiful, and the true. Cau
it be thut a determination to preserve
the beauties of nature is in itself the
mark of a certain virility that will
make its way in the prosaic market
and the sordid exchangef And would
it be treason to suggest thut a country
is all the better for the possession of
some intelligent authority which is a
law unto itself and that recognizes a
desirable thing and orders it to be done
forthwith?
SOCIETY ENOINE DRIVERS
Miss Ethel Roosevelt, the daughter
of the ex-President of the United
States, is among the very few ladies
who huve actually not only ridden iu
the cab of a locomotive, but who have
driven it at express speed. She had, it
appears, whilst travelling upon the Atlanta and West Point Railway, tried
ItDsuccessfully to get her mother's permission to go on the locomotive, and
finally, at a station on the way, she
left the private coach and reached the
driver's cab by climbing over the top oft
the coal on the tender. She then drove
the engine for thirty-six miles. The
speed maintained WHS sixty-five miles
au hour, and the testimony of thi1 engine-driver was that Miss Roosovolt
had managed everything us well as he
could have done it  himself.
Many American millionaires, aud especially those who have made their millions by controlling railways, manage
to make the great trunk lines serve
their pleasure as well as their profit. Iu
fact, they use the locomotive of the
train as if it were a private motorcar.
They have private trains-of their own,
fitted up as luxuriously as our own or
any European royal train, and they and
their guests career across to San Francisco, or anywhere else that fancy dictates, and stop whenever aud wherever
they please. Needless to say, the cuisine f»u board the train is that of a
first-class hotel. This kind of luxurious
travelling house-party often continues
for weeks together. Both the railway
king and his mute and, occasionally, his
lady guests will join the driver on the
foot-plate, und all the Vanderbilts, Mr.
HeorgO Could, and Ur. Edward Webb,
who are fond of this recreation, are expert  engine-drivers.
Although the Duke of Snragossa is
.'ery wealthy, aud owns large estates in
Spain, he prefers the life of an engine-
driver in the service of a French railway. When 'dressed in the rough garb
of a driver there is nothing about him
to indicate that he wus not boru to the
business, except, perhaps, his' white
linen collar and his smartly-cut boots.
He qualified five years ago, and since
then has been employed on several railways iu Spain and France. The Duke
of Sarugossa is very popular with his
comrades on the railway, and he is the
only engine-driver in France who
smokes gold-tipped cigarettes.
Several European royalties are deeply
interested in engine-driving. The King
of Spain, for instance, used to take
every possible opportunity of getting
upon the foot-plate with the driver of
any train he might be travelling with.
Probably, now that he is a married
man with family responsibilities, he
may not indulge in this propensity so
often, although he is quite expert and
absolutely fearless, and has often driven his mother and sisters on the railway. Ferdinand of Bulgaria is another
royal engine-driver, and some time ago
actually drove the express from Abbeville to Paris.
MAXIMS   OF   A SELF-MADE   MILLIONAIRE
"It is easier for the poor office-boy
to climb to the top of the tree than for
a rich man's son to go through the
ranks and worthily succeed his father."
Such is the opinion of Mr. Charles M.
Schwab, the amazing millionaire, who,
from clerk in a grocery store, rose to be
Mr. Andrew Carnegie's right-hand man,
and who, iu 1894, when thirty-two yearn
old, was made president of the Carnegie
Steel Company, with a salary of considerably over $1,000,000 per annum At
twenty-two Mr, Schwab, who is at present in England, was earning $5,000 a
year, and it had risen to $2)1,000 when
he was twenty-five, and to rliS.OOO a
week before he was thirty
When on one occasion lie was asked
the secret of his success, Mr. Schwab
said: "I always relied upon myself. I
am a great believer in self-reliance aui
manliness, which is manhood in its
noblest form. I made a point always
to be sure of my facts. I am a great
believer in self education. A man, to
be successful, even as a specialist,
should have a good general knowledgi
and therefore ought to rend and study
much. A man must be wideawake and
up-to-date. There never were so many
opportunities for the right kind of
young man as there are today."
Mr. Schwab's first connection with
the steel trad-.- was a situation as \
stake-driver at a salary of *1 a day.
Tint he did not mean to lemati a stake-
driver. He set himself to muster tht
steel industry in its minutest details,
"I" made up my mind," he says, "to
make myself indispensable, instead of
looking continually at the clock. Employers appreciate men who may be
trusted to do their work us if they were
which attracts the attention of his em-
that there should be nothing iu the
manufacture of steel that I should not
know.
"An employee should do something
working for themselves, and I resolved
else besides his mere duty—something
plover to him. When I first went to
w*ork for Mr. Carnegie I had over ine
a very impetuous, hustling man. It was
necessary for me to be up to top notch
to give him satisfaction. My whole object in life then was to show him my
worth and to prove it. I thought and
dreamed of nothing else but the steel
works."
Mr. Schwab was married at the age
of twenty-one, and it is interesting to
note that he is a great believer in marriage as an aid to success in Life. "An
unmarried man," he avers, "cannot
concentrate his thoughts absolutely on
his work."
And he goes on to prove his assertion
that it is easier for the poor boy to win
success than for the rich man's sou by-
saying, "There is only one way to the
top, and that is from the bottom of the
ladder.
"But ean a rich man's son really
start from the bottom of the ladder?
I say no. How can a man lead a hardworking life and suffer all the knocks
that really make for success when his
pricate life is one of refinement and
ease? It is not consistent. He cannot
undergo the necessary sufferings.
OUR FISHERMEN
One out of every four hundred per
sons in the United States is engaged
in the task of catching enough fish to
satisfy the appetite of the remaining
:i90. In other words, there are nearly
a quarter of a million men who catch
fish not because they like the fun of
it. but because thev are paid for it.
They catch approximately 1,000,000,000
pounds of fish a year, and this is worth,
all told, upward'of #fl0,000,000, or, say.
two-thirds of the total capital invested
111 the industry. A considerable part
of the capital, over *'JO,000,noi), is tied
up in vessels, of which a recent enumeration showed 85,115,
Maryland has by far the largest number Or professional fishermen. Its figures are 42,812, as against the 29,379
of Virginia. Maine with 16.94ft" and
Massachusetts with 14,803 follow, und
then comes Alaska with I3,10fi. Other
States with more than 10,000 are North
Carolina, 12,045, New Jersey, 12,080,
aiul New Vork, 11,500,
It is Virginia, however, thnt catches
the most fish. Its showing is :17S,1H;..
858 pounds, us against New Vork "s
<_'2N,fl92.'JH.,i and Alaska's 105,826,000,
Hut Alaska's catch is worth the most
in the market—$H»,uO(l,ono, or more
thun twice as much as the next two,
New Jersey arid Virginia. Alaska also
has the most inonev invested in fishing-
boats, something above $3,000,000. Massachusetts is a trifle under the same
figure. . New York and Maryland have
invested about $2,000,000, and Virginia,
California and Maine all more than
$1,000,001). Virginia has the most fishing-vessels, 13,200 in number. Maryland's number 11,400, New Jersey's
7,084, Maine's (I.LNIS and New Vork's
5.280.
ON THE OO
The  motor-car goes whizzing by,
The aeropluiie floats through the sky;
But the man who walks, his cafes aro
fow—
He gets where he is going to.
"His Honor" the County Court
(By Henry C. Shelley)
Like O. K. Chesterton, 1 have been
ou a visit to the eastern counties of
Kngland. But, unlike him, my amusement was not a quest after te'tilton
cheese. Ou the contrary, having half
a dozen hours to spare and no better
object to which to devote them, I elected tlfe novel, to me, experience of
[pending them in a county court. It
was ati official placard which attracted/
me—a placard which sot forth how
"His Honor" would sit at 12.30 p.m.
in trial of certain civil actions. Somehow that placard reminded mo of the
United States. It recalled the fact that
Americans have a profound respect for
English law; that as surely us a spectacular murder trial takes place iu
King George's country American newspapers improve the occasion by eulogies
of the*speedy and just manner in which
tho criminal is dealt with, etc.
For tho purpose of this veracious record there is uo need to specify the
particular town in which I made the
acquaintance of "His Honor" and the
ways of the county court. Legal friends
assure me that most of the judges and
the courts are as alike "as a row of
peas. And I can testify that the build-
iffgs of Knglish country towns in which
civil law is administered belong in the
bulk to that chaste style of architecture which the historian of the future
will classify as Victorian. They are
as four-square and as hideous as a
Primitive Methodist chapel, than which
no public building in Kngland is more
of an eyesore. And they are dirty to
boot; unwashed and harbor fleas, innocent of paint, and altogether typical
of the squalid scenes which transpire
within their walls.
There are some sixty of these courts
scattered over Kngland aud Wales, und
an equal number of "His Honors" to
preside over them. In the main those
judges are barristers who havo failed.
No one who hus "taken silk" and
made anything of a reputation as a
pleader would condescend on a county
court judgeship. The successful barrister in Kngland can count upon an income averaging ten thousand pounds
a year; "His Honor" is paid fifteen
hundred pounds. Generally he is worth
about as many shillings.
But in rural Kngland "His Honor"
is quite a big bug. The registrar of
his court bows down before him; the
pettifogging little solicitors who practise in his august presence would lick
his boots if they wero not safely tucked under his desk. Being so much of a
demigod, it follows that every effort
must be made to save him unnecessary
exertion. Consequently the cases to
be tried in the county court are so
weeded and sifted that in the eud "His
Honor" will have but a beggarly half
dozen actions out of u total of perhaps
fifty. So his entrance upon the scene
of law is carefully staged as tho appearance of the star performer in a
play.
Sad indeed is the lot of those de
fendants who have to go through the
weeding aud sifting process. In the
main they ure poor people who have
got bebiud iu the payment of tradesmen's accounts, und are consequently
uonble to secure the services of a solicitor. Hence they are at the mercy of
the registrar, a patriarchat old gentle
man who presides at the preliminary
court behind a huge ledger and is usually hard of hearing. Beneath his desk
is a large square table, around which
ure seated the solicitors appearing on
behalf of the grocers and bakers and
drapers who can't get their bills paid.
They are an odd-looking bunch, those
rural solicitors, most of them as shabbily dressed as though they were the
debtors. At the further corner sits one
who may be described as Mr. Fuzzy-
Wuzzy, so .unkempt and bushy are his
locks* and beard; his opposite is conspicuous for his flauiing red hair and
peg-top head. But they all kuow their
business, which is to kowtow to the
antique registrur, call him "Sir" in
every sentence, and make pretense that
be is directing the proceedings. Flattered by these attentions, the venerable
obi gentleman administers justice ut
the discretion of his sycophunts, scribbling busily in his ledger such terms
of payment as the 'solicitors suggest,
but not all the solicitors are so favored. It is evident thnt the dear old
soul behind the ledger has his pets
among the lawyers below und also his
aversions, with what consequences can
be  imagined.
An hour au it half of this traversify
of justice prepares the way for the
impressive entrance of "IMs Honor."
He is due nt 12.30 by the placard, but
it is 12.00 before his approach is herald
ed by the court crier, who announces
the opening of the act by exhorting
all plaintiffs and defendants to make
their appearance and winds up with,
' 'Oyez, oyez, oyez, (lod save the
King!" At those cabalistic words all
the people in the court rise to their
feet, for lo! "Mis Honor" enters and
marches to his chair with what dignity
he cau command.
Kre the proi 'lings have been  under
weigh for half au hour it is obvious
that iu some respects the farce of the
weedillg-out court is to be repented.
That is. heedless nf Bacon's "it is more
strange that judges should have favorites," "His Honor" quickly demon
Btrtttod that he has a soft side for
some of the pleaders before him. They
knew their advantage and addressed
the beach in dulect tones and with se
ductive smiles, Ami of course, they
won their cases, generally "with costs,
your Honor.'" But the less fortunate
pleaders were balked at every turn;
browbeaten with needless interruptions,
checked in their cross examinations,
and made the occasion of judicial wit.
Before a case has been iu progress ten
minutes it was plain which way the
decision was to go, manifest that "His
Honor" had made up his mind for or
against, Again forgetful of Bacon, he
met most, ol' t he cases '' half way,''
giving ample occasion for counsel to
say that his proofs were not heard.
As a matter of fact, "liis Honor"
talked too much, He was an "over-
speaking judge" and consequently no
"well-timed cymbal." He seined to
labor under the delusion that he was a
liuinorist, a fallacy in which he' was
confirmed by the eager laughter of Mr.
Fuzzy-VVuzzy   and    Mr.    Peg top-head.
His jokes were too painful for the reproduction for The Post readers. But
uot content with his pitiful attempts
at humor, "His Honor" also played
occasionally on the vox humuna stop.
When counsel protested that the only
evidence of one witness was his mother's won], "His Honor" pathetically
wanted to know "what better proof
au a man want than his mother's
word, the word of the womau who boro
and nurtured him," etc., ignoring the
fact that four sons of that same mother
had appeared before him and demonstrated the wortlilossness of the stem
from which thev had sprung. 4
All told the day's work of "His
Honor" extended to less than four
hours. His first session lasted somo
ninety minutes, at the end of which ho
as so wearied as to call for half un
hour's recess. The half hour lengthened out to forty minutes, for once more
"His Honor" was un punctual, Ami
then as the hands of the clock moved
round to the hour of five he became
increasingly restive. So much so that
his pets among the solicitors assured
him they would put their cases as
briefly as possible and detain him but
a few minutes, etc. The funny aspect
of all this to the outsider was' that in
connection with the case of a laboring
man who had met with an accident and
protested that he was not able to work
for more than four hours, "His Honor" waxed now indignant uud uuon
hilarious ut the preposterous notion of
a four-hour working day! Aud the
joke is euhauced by the i'act that the
four-hour day of "His Honor" comes
oh an average about three times a
month! And for this he is pnid fifteen
hundred pounds a year.
Now and again "His Honor" stumbled upon justice as though by accident.
Some cases were too plain for even a
wayfaring man to make a mistake in
equity. But the day's experience as a
whole left me with an uncomfortable
impression of the lopsided nature of
county court justice in Kngland. All '
of which is submitted for the considera- r
tion uf American editors in anticipation of the next occasion for comment
011 John  Bull's legal procedure.
THE LOGIC OF DREAMS
In the Contemporary Keview, Mr.
Havelock Ellis, writing under this title,
affirms—ns it seems to me with rather
surprising insistence—that "in dreams
we are always- reasoning." His argument is too close and abstruse for reproduction here, but some of his examples will indicate its character:
"To take a commonpluce example, a
lady dreamed that she was visiting an
acquaintance who wished to send n
small sum of money to Ireland. On
arriving home she began to repent her
promise, as the weather was extremely
wild and cold. She began, however, to
make preparations for dressing warmly, and went to consult an Irish friend,
who said she would have to be floated
over to Ireland tightly packed in a
crab-basket!
"On returning home she fully discussed the matter with her husband,
who thought it would be folly to undertake such a journey, and she finally
relinquished it, with great relief. In
this dream—the elements of which
could all be accounted for—the association between sending money and the
postoflicc, which would nt once occur
to waking consciousness, was closed;
consciousness was a prey to such suggestions us reached it, but on the basis
of these suggestions it reasoned and
concluded   quite   sagaciously.    .   .   ,
"I dreamed that I was in the large
plaza of a Spanish city (Pamplona possibly furnishing the elements of the
picture), and that the governor emerged from his residence facing the square
and began talking in Knglish to the
subordinate officials who wero waiting
to receive him. The real reason why
<io talked Knglish wus, of course, the
simple one that he spoke the language
native to the dreamer. But in my
dream I was extremely puzzled why-
he should speak Knglish. 1 looked carefully into his face to assure myself
that he was not really Knglish, and I
finally concluded that he was speaking
Knglish iu order not to be understood
by the bystanders.
"Once more, I dreamed that \ was
looking at an architectural drawing of
a steeple of quite original design, somewhat in the shupe of a cross, but very
elongated. I attempted in my dream
to account for this elongation, and concluded that it wus intended to neutralize the foreshortening caused when
the steeple would be looked at from below.
"Then? is, we here see afresh, a fundamental split in dreaming intelligence.
On the one side there is the Hiibcon-
cinus, yet often highly intelligent,
omb I nation of imagery along rational
although often bizarre lines, On the
other side is concentrated the conscious
intelligence of the dreamer struggling
to comprehend and explain the problems offered by the pseudo-external
imagery thus presented to it.
"Ono might almost say that iu
dreams subconscious intelligence is
playing a game with conscious intelligence, offering it problems, und bid-
"ng it guess the solution. So that iu
the world of dreams, it may be said,
see over again the process which,
■lames Hinton was accustomed to say,
we see iu the universe of our waking
fo: (lod or Nature playing with man,
[impelling him to join in a game of
hide-and seek, and setting him problems which  he  must  solve as  host he
MOTOR SUBSTITUTE FOR A HANDCAR
Hand-cars art1 now being displaced by
motor cars ou the leading railroads of
the country. Through the use of theso
s it is claimed that more work is performed by each man, due to tbe fact,
that he is set down at the place id' work
"il excellent condition while with tho
hi style car it is necessary for him to
put. forth almost enough effort for 0110
day's work iu propelling the car. Such
11 car is prouolleji hy u 3 horse-power
gasoline engnie. 1 It is capable of developing a speed if 30 miles per hour
on  level track  with  five passengers.
92 PWP
THE tSLASDER, CI
.AND, B.C
SOME FINE LOTS IN
COURTEN
On The Road to Union Bay
*T       LOOK AT THE SIZE AND LOCATION
DOLLAR
UNION  HAY  ROAD
CW/t'»lajy Opcio I tin
Sl'EST AT MOMS REACTS IS ITS IlfNEFlTf
i Till DSOXMIKa ail/lBaMa PROFIT SUNT
(HIT 01 TOWN ITS Un IS EXDE11 KEPT
II THK HOME MERCHANTS IT ISA MK8-
. • I,. ,; alK IIINT1NUOU8 BKNFFIT IHIS-
SESS MIX Slll)i:Ll) AWAKE TO THK IM
roRTAXCB OP KKEPISC THIS DOLLAR AT
Ml K AND MAKE A BID FOR IT BY JUDI-
nan s AIIVI IITISINal
13,
12.
11.
10.
0.
8.
7.
fl.
Riverside Holel
COMOX LOGGING & RAILWAYCO
PRICES
Lot 1, $300   Lola 8 and 4, (260    Lot 5, (325   Lot fl,   875    Lot 7, $280
Lots 8, 9, 10, Hand 12, (250   Lot 18, j-275
Situate about 300 yards from Courtenay Opera House.      ALL LOTS CLEARED.    Ten
Cash, Balance, 6, and 12 Months.
Mah Lee
Laundry
P, 0. BOX 294
[Satisfaction
Guaranteed
Near the Saw Mill
CNR Bateii ™£E ConriWM*
y
wmmmm®ME a
m   STUD
KING   ARNOLD      I
IsTO-     45712
WILL BE FOR SERVICE DURING THE SEASON
TERMS:-$25 TO INSURE, $10 AT TIME OF SERVICE, BALANCE
WHEN MARE IS KNOWN TO BE IN FOAL.
^PIPITS':  ID-AJST.   ZKHLZP^T^IC:^.
SBElUi-F'S SALE
Pursuant to mi r.rder iaaued out of
the Supreme CVurt of British Culum
hia nnd in the matter of a judgment ob-
tained in iliis Honorable Court by Sim-
>u Leiaer, judgment creditor, agtwmt
luhii II. Piket, (ctherwi^e ua'led John
I Piket) 1 will on Friday. July 21st,
1911, at 10 a. m., at the C-url House,
Ouuiberlatid, * iter for sale by public aui-
i >ti the following lands:—Part for ano
three quarter acres of the BOUth eas
Miarter of Secti<n 30, Towi ship 10,
J nn x Diatrict, M tp 622 A. The onlj
judquieut registered against the abovt
iiula ia the one under which this sale
.ill be held, which judgment was regis-
•red on February life 11th, 1910 and it
i ir thu sum ol §.'1,3115.
CHAS.   TRAWFORD
Sin riff for iho County if Nanaiin
People's
TEA
is sold by
McPhee &
Morrison
Courtenay      D.VS.
at 40c
This TEA is a Special
Blend and well worthy
of a^trial, so do not fail
to TRY IT.
PUBLIC SERVICE ACT.
TBE qualifying oxamiiuitionn I r Third
class Clerks, Junior I'.Y 1. •, nu.,
.Stenographers will be held at tho follow
iutf places, commencing on Monday th-
.jKj/.luly next:—Armstrong, Chilliwaok
<;un»bei'ta*)(l, Golden, Grand I' ik. ICan'i
lo ps, lta»lo, KiluwpM, Udysmitli, Nfti
atino, Nelson, New WV i,,M, . ,i, N i ,
Vancouver, Pcuohland, Ituvolstuke,!! ac-
land, 'Salmon Ann, Siiuiiiiurlaml, Vai ■
uouver, Vernon, and Victoria,
Drfndidatea musl In lirinuh aubjiota hi
iweeu t.h" ages if L'l ... .a ;;ii. if foi Tii i
class Clerk*) ami between LU and Mi, >
for Junior t'lfik-, or Bteiiogra) hoi >,
Applications will m i be accepted if received later than 16 h June next.
Further Information, togi iber with an*
plication forms, may be obtained from
the utiderslg«ed,
I*.  WALKER,
Registrar, fublb Servu
Victoria, B. C, 27th. 1011 npST
NOTICK is her by given that thi
next meeting of the Hoard ol Lioenic
Oommiiiioiieri of the Ci y ol Umnbei
mud, 1 intend to apply for n r< news ol
thu hole) license held by nu- for the Now
Kngland Hotel, situated on the east hal
>f lot 3, In block it, Cumberland Town
ilte,
JAMKs WALTERS,
Dated thia 15th dpypf May, Hill.
HEADQUARTERS FOR
Furniture
Wallpaper
Crockery
Etc., etc.
15        A nice line of Iron Bedsteads
H' mn. '° $40.
just  arrived
T. E. BITE.
IF YOU ARE THINKING OF BUYING A
BUY A SINGER
The  BEST  Machine   on  the   Market
ind sold on EASY TEMRS   	
IEPSON BROS., District Agents, Nanaimo, B. O.
C. Seyrave, Local Representative, Cumberland, B. C.
Capital $6,200,000
Reserve $7,000,000
PUBLIC HIGHWAYS.
PiiONiNCB or British Columbia.
NOTICE is hereby given that all Put
lie Highway* in un« r a izod di.•
t: let*, and all Main Trunk Roads in or
i iiized Districts are sixty-six feet widi
it I h»ve a width of thirty three feet op
■j cli side of the mean straight cent e
line of thu I ravelled road.
THOMAS TAYLOR,
Minister of Public Works
Department of Public Works,
Victoria. B. C, July 7th, 1911.
jyl53m
( ANCELtATION OF RESERVE.
N( >TICE ia In reby given that the ree
hivu existing hy retaoti of a notio
lUblished in thu British Columbia Gas*
■ tu ol SJ7th December 11*07, over a par
ul   uf land   mm a ted   on   Ruad   Island
 mi as Lul No, iuM Say ward Diatrict.
. Ian.■ii-. coveted by Timber License No,
;: . ii_ which License expired on the 20 h
Novituber ]!)()!) U cut culled, and tin
MJd Id ds .- i! be opened to location by
|ire*emption only at. midnight ou Fridaj
16 ii Octobei 1911.
ROBT. A. KKNWICK.
Deputy Minister of Lands.
■v\ art modi of Lo ds,
Victoria, 11. 0 , 5:1, July 1011.
jylSUm
FOR SALE -Forty-two acres of hay
by acre or toil] if hauled by purchaser
- n |.a i' ton; if delivered by seller $22
|i. i ton. Oood Clover, and Timothy.
Apply to Chin Yuuk, Wostwood Farm,
Sandwick, B, 0. jy-16
THE ROYAL BHNK
©F eHNADft
Drafts Issued In any currency, payable all over the world
SPECIAL ATTENTION paid to 5SAVINGS ACCOUNTS, and Interest at
highest current rates allowed on deposits of $1 and upwards
CUMBERLAND, B.C., Branch -   -   -     OPEN DAILY
UNION WHARF, B.C., Sub linanch-OPEN THURSDAYS
H. F. Montgomery, Manager
COURTENAY, B. C. BRANCH OPEN DAILY
R. E. Culbert, Manager.
When You Want a HIGH GRADE
PIANO, PLAYER PIANO,
ORGAN or GRAPH0PH0NE,
IT WILL PAY YOU TO GET OUP PRICES.
We carry the Largest and Beet Selected Stock on the Island.
FLETCHER BROS.
The Music House NANAIMO, B. C
T. E. BATE, LOCAL, AGENT, Cumberland
{•>••-
! TjtE HEW EHGLiD HOTEL
-•>■♦■•
"•"•"%
JAMES WALTERS,
PROPRIETOR
THE POOREST OF WINES, LIQUOR & BEER
ALSO THE BEST OF CIGARS.
DUNSMUIR AVENUE
CUMBERLAND, B. C.
-.,-.
'.'.rpsaaETHi
F. R S. BISCOE-
BEAL   ESTATE      •
jWell known Martin Farm close to
Courtenay on Cumberland Road.
HOUSE AND SM .LL ORCHARD.
To be subdivided, 5 acre lots or less, $300 an acre.
emm
mm
PHONE 2
OUR $20 SUITS
Aral made by thai aaaamu tiulaara who aaiuku the aanca at £25
$K), and 835. Vou will gut a> gmid tailoring aa in the
higher-pricaid aanoa. Alia, baiar in mind we are Ihe linn
who gnarantae a perfect lit ur refund ya.ur inuney.
WE ARK SHOWING SOME SPLENDID QUALITIES IN THK 0HKV1UTS AND  WOUSTED8.
M.aali! taa Meaiure at $20.
UNION BAY CO-OPERATIVE COMPANY
S.ale Agaanta the llaaaiau a.f Ilaabberlin Limited
"Taila.n to the Cuuadian (lentloman"
r- ■• aaaajrajajaaaBjaflai
^^^^

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