BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The Islander Dec 30, 1911

Item Metadata


JSON: cumberlandis-1.0342383.json
JSON-LD: cumberlandis-1.0342383-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): cumberlandis-1.0342383-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: cumberlandis-1.0342383-rdf.json
Turtle: cumberlandis-1.0342383-turtle.txt
N-Triples: cumberlandis-1.0342383-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: cumberlandis-1.0342383-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

 We have all the New
Styles in Overcoats
Prices ranging from
$8 00 to $15 00.
•Rutins) tot Utt HI*".tt ptbtotft of • paWfc
^•jprwaaltaafat-u* vthltt tihlpttniUk
V lnR«2..rtlJ^ll*ou«houl th« Jtat Jottclot.
>ij. AMI to eiiend to cor ouui»
frirli.1* .ft^ltflniii*. A l*t» Vtar-tOrtSt.
ing nt llortB^WWiMfiirtProtpewiltaaa
Happy NlnBftttTwtlit,
No. 8j
Subscription price 11.50 per yaer
1100 ACRES
Near Courtenay Last
Month, by one Real
Estate   Firm.
Interesting    News   Items
by Islander Special
Courtenay, Dec. 20.—Messrs
Beadnell & Tliwaites sold lnml
to the amount of 1100 acres
near Courtenay last month antl
say there is every indication of
a boom in Courtenay thi*
Mat Hemingston, superintendent for the Chemanius Lumber company, is putting in a
camp at old Camp 8 and will
clear the right of way and site
for a saw mill to be erected at
once. The mill will be placed
where the coal company are to
sink a shaft, near the Perez
ranch, and will be of great advantage to Courtenay.
Local investors huve purchased 601
acres adjoining headquarters camp of
tho Canndian Western LuinJher company from a Victoria syndicate and
will hnve the properly surveyed and
cut up into 10-acre blocks, which will
lie put on th.* market in the near future. This should prove a profitable
buy. The deal was put through by
Mr. Leo Anderton, of the Island Real
ty Co.
The Debating Society's debate on
the Italinn-Turko War was very enjoy
able. The leaders were MenBrs, Shepherd and Dunham. The question was
very ably dealt with. The society will
have a recess during the holidays,
meeting again on Jan. 8
Chinese Revolutionists Refuse to Await a National Convention Decision.    .
Persians Attacxed the Indian Troops
Escorting Mr. Smart.
Two are   Killed Amongst
the Ranks of Indian
Dut Oh, you Meat Pie!    At the Cumberland Cafe.    The best in town. The
place where Home made bread is sold
The B. C. Oarage and Machine Shop
for auto and gu engine supplies and repairing,
FOR ALF—One heavy logging
horse and hamess.Will take -aiytncut in
any thing that grows upon the ranch
Apply W. Doane Comox, B C.
The Public School will start again on
January 8th, 1912.
A ti ven tootn house in excellent 1,.cation, as follows:—Three bedrooms, sit
ting loum, big kitchen, pantry, bathroom
with bathtub. Outside oily limits, lw
lots, all cleared, price $14,60. Thit it a
snap and a splendid opportunity for anyone in need of a nice coinfortablo home.
For parti, ulnrs apply at the Islauder
Mr. Montgomery, forner manager of
the Royal Bai.k here, and uow stationed
in Vaucuuver, came up uu Suuday's
boat and returned on Thursday morning
Miss Queenie Abrams came up fr in
Vancouver by the Cowichan on Sunday last to spend Christmas with hor
parents, and returned on Wednesday
London, Dec. 27.—YuauvShi
Kai's proposal to decide the
form of government which shall
prevail nnder the new regime
in China by means of a convention of the delegates from
all over the empire is regarded
here as a shrewd move, but o-
pinion is divided here as to
whether it can be successfully
carried out.
Many prominent Japanese
believe that the proposal will
be accepted by the revolutionary leaders in order to make it
easier for Yuan Shi Kai to con- (was found at the roadside.
vince the Mauch us that abdication is unavoidable.
On the other hand many of
the well informed here think
that the great body of the revolutionists is too impatient for
action to await the outcome of
a national convention. The
revolutionists are fully aware of
the helplessness of the Peking
government and insist on resumption of military activity.
iiuiiiim of a successor to whom he can
hand over the funds of the country.
The populace, which holds Mr. Shus
ter in great esteem, is much insensed
against the cabinet because of its action in dismissing him. Many protests have been sent to the authorities
Despatches from Shirus received
here give further del nils of the al tack
at Casemom. The Indian troopers
wore escorting W, A. Smart, British
consul at Shiraz, from Bushiere to the
post. Iu vicinity of Kaseroom, 55
miles west of 8hira7., they were attack,
ed on all sides by the Persians, A dee,
perate fight ensued. Tho persians
were driven off anil it is believed tbey
carried several dead and wounded with
thent, whilo the Indian cavarly also
■n tier ci I a number casualties, including
two killed.
During ihe fighting Mr, Smart dis.
appeared and it is not known what be
came of him.      His   wounded   horse
Mr. Bert Astou wishes to deny the
report that he is in anyway connected
with Mr P. Stoddartin business.
Mo»sr» Webs'er * R is-ell will give
the marksmen of Cumberland another
shoot on December 31st and January
lit, ou the Skid R.ad back of the
tawmill. All you sharp shooters come
and get your New Year's meal.
Mr. and Mra. Bert Stevenson left this
week on a holiday to Nanaimo and Van
c .liver.
Teheran,   Dec,   27.-W.    Morgan      F0R SALE_.sinKet Needie, »nd Oil
Sinister is still hero awaiting the nont-j ,lt the- laukoKa Offire.
At the request of a number of rate
payers of this city, I am a enndidnta
for Mayor in the coming municipal
electiou. I cheeifully submit my con,
duct of the affairs of the Mayor's office, during my short encumbeney of
ten months, for your approval or rejection. If approved, I assure you
I will continue to give the best of my
ability nnd very earnest sttention to
the duties of the office.
Awaiting your judgment, I am,
Respectfully Yours,
The drawing for the prizes took place
at   the O. A. Fletcher Music Co., on
Saturday, the 23rd of D cember ..ud the
following are the prize winners:—
Fint prize No. 2374.
Second piize No. 8638.
Third prize No. 3606.
Unless the tickets are presented by Jan
uary the 6th, another drawing will lake
We take this   pportunity to express
our thanks to the kind friends who  as
ted us in our late  bereavement.
Jumes It.itd t.n.l F mily.
1 take ibis opportunity of thaukinp
all the kind friends and neighbors "who
by kindly words and kindly acta nitd
to lessen our sorrow in our receot s»d
lots; alto for the beautiful floral tributes.
J. Wilmthurtt and Family.
Miss Brown, Matron of the U. & C.
Hospital, desires tu acknowledge with
thanks the following donations for
Mn. Woods, Chrisiuiai cake and
Mr. Clinton, turkey.
J. N. McLeod, turkey.
Mr. Slaughter, turkey.
Co operative Company, turkey.
Big Store, fruit aud sweets.
Campbell Bros., two hams
Mrs. F. Jayne, cake.
Happily and Successfully Celebrated in Cumber-
land   Hall   Wednesday   Evening.	
Under the Star and Square and Compass Many
Dance the Happy Hours Away.
Cumberland Hall Was crowded with a merry host Wednes
day evening at the Ninth Annual Ball and Reception of Cumberland Lodge No. 26, A. F. & A. M, The hall was handsome
ly decorated in evergreen. In tlie East the Star made up of
electric bulbs glittered and in the West the sauare and compass gleamed, the compass being pricked out in blue electric
bulbs aud the square in white The floor was ill the best of
condition. Roy's five-piece orchestra d'tscowsad the liveliest of
musieand the merry .dancers 'tripped the light fantastic"  till
the early morning lv purs.
The grand marsh was a charming spectacle, the bright
electric light glinting from jewelry and the many handsome
gowns of the ladies to the sober evening dress of the men. No
regalia was worn.     Supper, in the Cumberland Hotel,  was a
feast and was served en cafe-
taire at 12, It was thoroughly
enjoyed and all were loud in
praise of Mr. and Mrs. Wm.
Merrifield, the caterers.
The committee, John Matthews, chairman, J. W. Cooke,
secretary, Dr. G. K. Mac*
Naughton, W. F. Ramsay, H.
Winningham, J. N. McLeod
Wm. Hay man, are to be congratulated upon a very happy
and successful function
To the Electors of the City of Cum-
Having been requested by a requisition signed by a large
number of electors to offer myself as candidate for Mayor, and
after careful consideration, have decided to accept nomination
I have served you seven years as an alderman. If elected, I
will look after the best interests of the city and citizens, and
will do my duty without fear or favor, notwithstanding what
may have been said to the contrary,
I will address you publicly and go fully into the matter
before election day.
Soliciting your votes and influence for a thorough business
and up-to-date method o* conducting the affairs of your eity,
I am Yours Respectfully,
T.   E.   BATE
Tom Tapella, the Local
• Boy, "Wins in
35 Seconds.
In one of the shortest contests ever pulled off in this city-
Fighting Tom Tapella, -the local boy, put it all over Richard-
son.he of 02 battles in England
Richardson wns 20 poumla heavier
than the Fighting Kill, hut was sadly
out of shape. Tapella was in the hest
of condition and was never extended,
Tapella has a future in the squared
circle with judlci.il handling, as he
carries a wallop in both hands and
takes good care of himself at all times.
The contest is past and ia now ancient
history, but after a few days rest Tapella has ngan gone into training, as
he is to box Big Clark, of Walker's
boarding house, next pay. This gn
should bea hunuliuger. Clark is nu
easy msrk and Tapella will not have
the merry ha-ha he did with Richard,
son. The Italians are tanking Ta
pella to tho skies,   and   as   Clark's
friends have quito a sizable wad and
are game, there ia likely to be quite a
monetary considecation attached io the
■**M*,j». ■ a
The funeral of John Baird took
place Sunday afternoon at 3 p. m. The
young man was a member of tht Fraternal Order of Eagles, which body
turned out in large numbers to pay
their last respects to their deceased
brother. The Rev, Mr. Hood, of 8t.
Oeorge Presbyterian church, performed the funeral ceremony at tho boon
and grave. The Islander extends
sincn-e sympathy to thu bereaved family in their sad loss.
The William Yule company pre*
stinted "Tlie Rivals" Thursday evening
to a packed house. The company waa
strong anil pleased the large audienc,
but there Mas complaint over the tale
of seats, it being claimed that rtttrr*
I seats we e re-sold to several peoplo.
A number who had bought reserved
seats did not get theu,
Mr. U.,bt. Swan of Denman lata* i
paid Cumberland a visit thia week.
Ou Friday, December 39th, Mlas
Lillie Peacock was united in marriage
to Mr. John Cartwright, both of thia
city. The ceremony took place in
Holy Trintity Church, and wu performed by the Rev.H. Laffere. The
Isi.ssniR extends congratulations to
the y.mng couple and wishea them
long life and happiness.
1 buy and sill Cleveland, Ma.**-.*,. II »r.
ris, Perfect nnd Oreaeeut Bioy \es, slso
kuiib, riflon anil stoves. "Tomniy's Bicycle Shop, 8rd Street, bux 300, Cuu,;,iu
land, B. C.
FOR SALE—40 sucking pigs, 14.00
each. Apply Robert 8ollan, Hornby
■ ■     ■!*>      *********.
A Happy
New Year.
And may the God of
Good Luck lie in the hollow of your hand every
instant of 1912.
Advent of the Motor Ship
luction uf the to employ ilio Toiler in tlie coasting
used s»0 miirli [ t ratio ou thu other side to enable the
world as tho]builders to tuuo up tho now onguie
Whilo It --^^
Uct that
No ovon since tho listt
compound ougiuo baa ui
inw.re.-t ia tho maritime
advent  uf   tin;  motor  Bill]
might bo going to far to .
tho oil motor would drive tlio steam en
gino utV the Ben, tbore ia ample war
rant  for  assertlug  that  the  new  engine la destined soon to become u Cor* j
niithitile   rival   to   ihe   old.       Professor
stanlield rocontly assured the Btudouts
at Leitli Nautical College that ''wo are  __
■ a the ovo of nn Important revolution od° at Aucona
io ship propulsion." A good many L, the spring.'
eminent naval architects and marine on |t0IIS to bo propelled by oil
j being built In Kngland for
bausted In tho next. In the Diesel
engine the cylinder is filled with pure
uir which is compressed at one stroke
ef tho piston to a pressure of 500
pounds to the square inch.      The sud-
.tlen and high degree of compression
raises the temperature of tho air in tho
cylinder to a point moro than sufficient
to ignite the crude, oil, which is now iu-
I jetted by a jet of air from a reservoir,
supplied by au Independent pump, ut a
j pressure 2.10 pounds abovo that in the
cylinder, 'ihe jot of oil is finely
divided by passing through a spool of
wire netting so that ouch particle of oil
's surrounded by a film of air. As
more than enough air present
but everything worked so woll that tho
new motor ship was sent across tlio Atlantic early in July, 19X1.
Whilo the Diesel engine wus proving I tboio D      ..  t	
its worth European  owners- taking i' t'or combustion, nnd as combustion take..
on faith, woro busy overywhoio build* j place in compressed air   more   readily
ing moro motor snips.     Tho ltomagua. than at atmospheric pressure, tho charge
an  Italian coaster with twin screw oil jg Instantly and completely consumed,
'ucs of hOO hotsu power, was launch*! tho expansion of tho gases of euinbus-
i tne Adriatic, early Ui0tt forcing the piston forward.     Near
A freighter of 3,2ui)|tbe end of tho stroke a jot of compres-
{inoers  have  said   the same  thing iti
i ffoct and at greater length.
Bul as'faith without works is dead,
-o prophecy without performance is not
convincing, Tho best way to estimate
the potential value of the oil motor as
'. marine engine is to take note of wh;it
the ship builders are lining with it.
To the laadlubbor tho result-; of men
an investigation aro nothing less than
Dr. Rudolf Diesel, of Munich, Bav
aria, tho Inventor of tho,oil engine Liml
has made the motor sliip posuiblo* re
eootly assured the Institution of Naval
Architects tit' Grout Britain that he
km tv  of  350   vessels  fitted,   or  being
fitted, With his 'engines.       Hvoil MtOUgli
it is backed by uniinpeae..nhlo author
ity this statemonl sounds perfectly iu-|
credible until it is oxplniimd that most
if the vostsola are of tho kind tbat taxpayers are expected to pay for but are
not expected to knew anything about,
tho must important
arin* oil engine
for submarines,
nl in this field seven !
Now, all the Im-
iropo, except Eng-!
utlior wor
on!  of
re 'i
1111 \- li
lis 1
-o tc
■ loi
»r oi.
years t
nt p
i  oil
ks t
ii  Dr.
no loi
owing to thoir
range of action,
hi Prance, too
oil engines as ;
calms and coatri
voloped. Bach
vessels leave Eu
1 he voyages ave
so long u voyago
to many dolays.
QuoviIly, of 327
mn fitted with
engines capabnlo
scd  po
nud I
gines is
Ud   Fill'
i, while the first passenger carrying
motor ship, a craft of 5,(100 tons wan
oil engines capable of developing a
speed of twelve knots au hour, with
small oil engines to inn nil the numerous hum bancs un BUipbourd, such us
pomps, ventilators, lights, and steering
engines, for the .Russian East Asiatic
fcitoumsulp Company, is also on tne
stocks la England. Tho Dutch East
Indian Company is building u motor
ship to have oil engines of 1,000 horso
power in Holland. 'Ihe largest of ail
the mercantile motor ships yet undertaken is a freighter of 9,000 tons, which
is to have oil engines of 3,000 horso
jiowit, capable oi driving her ut a
speeil of twelve and a half knots, which
tlio Hamburg American Line is to put
iu commission in a tew months. It
is also known, despite official secret-
ivoaoss, that too German warship Goo-
beu, now neariug completion, is tu have
her central slum driven by oil engines
ui 12,000 horso power. France is
building u novel war craft, a sort of
combination of torpedo boat destroyer
and submarine, with oil engines of 'i,o'00
horse power. -Not to mako tho list.
i,|'  motor ships now building too long,
that thirty licenses to I ouly US
une  engines  of   large
issued  in  t
sod  nir  blows   the  gapes   ont   through
the exhaust ports and fills tho cylinder
with air again for tlie next compression
As there  is  nothing  to  got
fI I) y
ing shi
■  Preu
twin   scr
of tlrivin
ix   In
seven knots an hour. A hundred tons
of fuel was sufficient for a run of four
thousand miles, So successful was the
Ouevilly that her owners are now building an auxiliary ship of 6,100 tons gross
with engines of 900 horse power.
But submarines and sailing ships
with auxiliary power might be built
indefinitely without creating a ripple on
tho current of events. Not until the
oil engine mado Its appearance as the
exclusive motive power of commercial
craft did uaval architects, marine engineers, and shipowners begin to give
it tlieir very particular attention. The
advent of the oil engine in the commercial marine was very gradual ot
first. It seems that some small coast
ors and fishing vessels were first equip*
pod. They achieved such unheard-of
economies that progress became swifter.
Tho first commercial muto" craft in
Germany, for example, was tho small
■ouster Frerirhs nml the fishing boat
Eworsaitd. The former, currying one
ton of oil in u tank under the cabin,
was able to make a voyage of 240 mlle>
nu this one ton at a speed of fl.G knots
■in hour. The Eworsand, with nn engine of 90 horse power, made a cruise
of five weeks with three tons of oil
as compared with the twenty tons of
•■oul that would have been required under Bteum. The use of the oil engine
increased the length of the boat available for cargo by thirteen feet.
Knowledge of these things getting
abroad) the Anglo-Saxon Petroleum Co.;
ventured to build the lirst motor ship
of really substantial size, the oil currier Vulviinns. This vessel, 10(J feet
long, ;>7 feet beam, oud 117!> tons gross
register, was fitted with Diesel oil engine.*} of 690 horse power, which proved
to be ablo to drive her at a speed of
ans all information about
is accessible to the public,
, great donl of experimenting with
ugmos has beon carried uu iu see-
both undor government auspices
by private firms. Developments
beeu so important, and the fact
ne so evident that Diesel engines
i soon be used extensively tor
propulsion, that Lloyd's some
months ago appointed a comniittou to
investigate the new motor. 'J ho t'o*
suits of the investigation must have
been satisfactory, judging from a paper
which J. T. .Milton, chief surveyor ior
Lloyd's, presented at u meeting of tho
institution of Naval Architects last April, iu which he predicted thut the ensuing twelve months would be momentous iu the history of murine engineer*
out of order the* 'firing 'method' no\ei*
fails so long as the engine' itself is in
working order, It is tho Ideal of simplicity, efficiency uml reliability.
Due virtue of the Diesel engine which
would commend it to n good housekeeper is the fact that edinbustion' is
so complete that the exhaust will not
soil a white haukerchief held within \i
foot of tho ond of tlie exhaust pipe.
No trace of deposit can be found ou
the inside of a cylinder that hns been
running constantIv for weeks. It is
the cleanest of engines.
But its special attraction for vessel
owners is the ability of the oil engine
to utilize from 30 to 3(3 per cent, of
i he heat value of the fuel supplied to it,
as compared with 23 per cent, utilized
by a gasoline engines and Ki per ceiit.
by the best type of steam plant with
superheater. A Diesel engine working at lull capacity requires four-tenths
of a pound of nil to produce ono horse
power for oue hour, while a steam engine requires 1,47 pounds of coal to do
the game work*. An oil engine requires
cent, of the weight of fuel
that a steam engine of the same capacity would require for tho samo length
til time, according to Chief Surveyor!
.Milton.      Dr. Diesel, himself, says his!
but it interferes with the digestion of
other nutrient factors in tho food. For
example, in one set -of experiments it
appeared that when milk was taken
with wholewheat broad three por cont.
less of tho milk was digested than whon
it was taken alone, or with white bread.
The most important point, however,
is uot the manner in which the Hour
is manufactured, but tho character of
the wheat. Thuf is, there is more difference botweeu roller-mill, or stone-
mill, Hours from different kinds of
wheat, than there is between the two
dilVerut preparations from tho same
grain. It is at the same time in the
direction of producing improved strains
of wheat that tho most progress has
beeu made in recent years.
Advocates of tho virtues of bran in
food often recommend the mixing of a
small quantity of wholewheat tlour
with the white flour, in order to increase tho percentage of mineral matter,
The gain in salts to be obtained in this
manner is, however, so slight, that a
growing child Would have to ent an
excessive quantity of broad to derive
any appreciable benefit frum this method'. With the mixed diet that is all but
universal in civilized countries, wo may
well dopoud upon other parts of the
ration to supply the additional mineral
matter required by a growing child.
Contrary to very common belief, this
report declares that the different ell'ects
Upon the tooth produced by different
kinds of bread, ure altogether negligible.
'Ihe possibility for standardizing flour
is considered to bo very slight at the
present time, especially on account of
Ihe different kinds of wheat used in
milling. Still, tho differences between
the various kinds of wheat flour on the
market  are  not of serious importance.
That whole-wheat flours, may contain
substances of value—quito apart from
their influence upon digestion—is believed by the committee to be a possibility worth considering; aud they re-
comment I scientific investigation upon
this point as woll as upon several other
problems that arose in the course of the
Iii n chart 'published by tho United
States Weather Bureau, and reproduced
here in abridged form, Prof. A. G. Mc-
Adie discusses some of the phenomena
presented by fogs and the difficulties
aud dangers which arise therefrom to
navigating vessels, especially near
'iho fogs of the Pacific aud especially those on the coast of California,
Oregon and Washington, present some
characteristic features of their own.
Thoy are low-lying, dense and of fro-
queut and regular occurrence, and have
been tho cause directly antl Indirectly
of a large per cent, of marine disasters, lu the vicinity of San Francisco,
owing to thu general movement of the
air from the sea toward the land, ami
the climate uf the great interior valley,
fog is frequent and woll marked. In
summer tho afternoon sea-fog varies iu
depth from 100 to 1,700 feet, but it
rarely reaches far Inland, tin somo
afternoons the velocity of the wind ut
San Francisco rises with almost clocklike regularity to about twenty two
miles per hour, nml a solid wall of fog,
averaging 1,000 feet iu height, conies
through the Golden Gate, causing a fall
ia temperature to about that of thy
seu, namely, 55 dog. P. The upper
level of the fog can be plainly seen
Irom the hills in the vicinity, aud it is
interesting to note that above the fog
level the air is cloudless, and the after*
with still more satisfaction if ono of
the signals is given by wireless telegraphy and the other through the water,
it is claimed that the bells used as submarine signals can he heard farther,
under ordinary conditions, than the
siren, and furthermore,, by means of u
Special telephone apparatus, it is possible to determine the direction or the
origin of the sound. Tho receiving apparatus consists of two tanks placed in
the hold of the vessel below tho water-
line. These tanks contain microphones
Immersed in liquid ami connected to the
pilot house. Aa indicator box shows
the side on which thu responding telephone is connected, and tho master iH
thus able to ascertain the direction from
which tht> signals come.
of the woi,
ght of fiic
1 thai a steam
giuo woult.
1.      When
it  is  remenibt
that  a  s'hi
p\s double
bottom, tank:
available for cargo can be utilized fur
carrying fuel oil, and tbat all the space
occupied by boilers and coal bunkers
in a steamship is saved for revenue pro
ducing cargo in u'motor ship, some idea
of the advantages offered by such craft
may be obtained. For examii"
tin' Lusitania had oil engines, sho could
make the same speed on 280 tons of oil
a day thai she now makes ou a thousand
tons of coal. This wouhl make a difference of 3,1500 tons in the weight of
fuel that would huve to be carried on a
voyngc. Besides this the enormous
unt of space nowr given up to boiler
ing.      Mr.  Milton expressed  the  belief,      , ,.        .-,    ,,       ....      ,   -    ,     . ,.
that it wis svai theu passible to build|un.d f min«1» ln tho ^oices* lnirt. ?* u!~
marine oil engines of thirty thousand
liorse power.
To the patriotic. American, who is
convinced that nothing really worth
while over originates outside the boundaries of his native land, ami who probably never heard of Dr. Diesel or his
oil engine, the .sudden appearance of the
motor ship must, bo astonishing. Perhaps it may surprise him still more to
be told that the Disel engine is far
from boing now or untried. As long
ago us 1901 the Franklin institute, of
Philadelphia, awarded the Elliott Ores-
-on gold medal to Herr Rudolf Diesel
iu recognition of the great service he
hod rendered mankind by his invention.
Even then the Diesel engine had been
general use in Europe for seven
years. Since then Diesel engines to
the value of millions of pounds sterling
have been built for usd on laud.
An account of the origin of the oil
engine fails entirely to measure up tu
the popular idea of what the history
of a great invention should be. There
was no starving inventor burning tin*
midnight oil in a garret, no miraculous
discovory id' au elusive secret, nothing
romantic, nothing spoctncular. Dr. Diesel, the inventor, is a hard-headed*
sober-minded, thoroughly educated Herman, whit knew exactly what ho wanted
to do before he undertook to do it. The
task ho set himself was the production
to passengers
*<.-l kinds au hour on a consumption of i       ^^_^
2.0 tons of oil   in  twenty  four hours. P"' uu internal combustion motor which,
Tho most  interesting point  ubout   tlm hJ* avoiding tlio troubles of other motors
Vulcanus  was  that   her operating  ex | ui  that class, wouhl be thoroughly
peases were $19.50 a day less thnn those
of u steamship of the same capacity.
Tin* porformnnco of the Vulcnnus was
the match which fired an exceedingly
interesting train nf events. Intciv-I
in the new marine motor became unite
nnd widespread. Orders eu*me in upon
tho naval architects thick ami fust for
larger ami still larger motor ships, the
owners of the Vulcnnus taking the lead
by Inying down n motor ship twice the
size of the successful pioneer.
One id* the earliest  of the Inrgi
to  be  put   into  commission  aft
Vol aims   was   the   Toiler,   bnill   lo   O]
orate on the Canadian lakes and
liable, suitable for universal use, and
economical, first by using a cheap fuel
obtainable anywhere; ami, second, by
utilizing the greatest possible percentage of Iht' heat value in tho fuel.
The next step was to work out this
pioplem theoretit-ally iu a thoroughly
scientific manner; the next was to make
drawings for nu engine in accordance
with the theoretical study; the last was
to build au engine according to the
drawings. Under ihe clrcu mate noes, the
rafttOXporimontal engine did precisely what
tho Ml- was expected tu do. Tho first oil
engine over built marked an advance
of SO per cent, in fuel economy user the
als.      The Toiler is 24S feet   long,
feot beam, uml   l.i feet  mol.led do|
tin account of the s| I limit  impo
by '-anal navigation the oil eng'i
were only 'bin horso power, which
sufficient to maintain a Bpeod of
miles an hour when fully loaded,
Toiler looks very much like an ore
carrier ou tlie Great Lakes, except that
she has no funnel. The pilot house,
bridge anil part of the crew's accomodations are perched on the bow, while
the engine room aud the rest of the
crew's quarters appear at the farther
end of a long expanse of hutches at the
extreme stern. Ou her trial trip the
Toiler carried '2f,."u) tons of coal to
Calais at a speed of 0.9 knots (0.70
miles) an hour. The return light was
made at a speed of H:2 knots (9.5 milea)
an hour. Tin. fuel i'mi sumption for
tlio round trip wns 5.5 lorn- of oil, or
an average of 1.7 tons n day, worth
$15.00, as compared with !. tons of coal
worth (28, which a steamship of tl"'
Mime capacity would have required
daily. To this saving "f $12.40 a day
rm fuel must be added *■" n tiny saved
nn stokers' wages, besides tlio cost of
their food, ami nn increase in revenue
i arning -; arc of 120 tons on woighi
savod by the nusonco of boilers and
coal bunkers.      It  had  been intended
l*_'_-[best existing internal-combustion motor,
I All that was left to do was to adapt
tho plan t<> constantly
1 til oil engines of six thousand hurse
power are now built uud in operation,
nnd to change the type frum a fourcycle tii a two-cycle and provide a
method of reversing to ndpt it to marine use.
It snould be explained that while the
Diesel  engine  belongs  to the  inturnul-
combustiou clnss. which makes it a first
cousin to the gasoline engine, so familiar on autoinoi'«l08,  motor boats and
elsewhere,   it   differs  widely   from   its
odoriferous relative,
ant difference is in tl
is crude petroleum,
ably cod
ship could lie turned
or iiM'd for cargo, 	
< Ir, tu give more precise figures, it
has been calculated that iu a motor ship
of 5,-iOQ tons now building for the
Black Sea trade, 15,000 cubic feet
space in the hold can be saved, which
on four voyages a year would earn
$4,380. ln addition to this, the vessel
would save .t'J.077 on fuel antl $l,ltiS on
wages of stokers uud coal-passers, making a total saving of $8,225 a year as
compared with a steamship of the same
Other merits nf the motor ship are
that oil fuel may be taken on bourd
much more easily, quickly aud cheaply
than coal und that coal trimming is eliminated. As there is no steam to
raise, the ship is always ready to start
nt a moment's notice, while there is no
oxpeusc whatever for fuel while tho
sel is at anchor! The work is
easier for the engineers and more com-
fortnble, too; because tbe engine-room
is cooler. Finally, so littlo fuel is
required that the vessel can go nfueh
farther without stopping for a fresh
supply. Dr. Diesel says that a warship with oil engines could go around
tho world, fight battles, ami return to
nor home port without stopping for fuel.
All the numerous auxiliaries, needed
ou shipboard can be operated by small
oil engines as readily ns by steam. An
electric generator driven by an oil engine will supply current for lights, for
steering, for ventilation, for running
winches and windlass, for operating
bilge and other pumps, while the waste
gases can be used for heating, anil compressed nir pumped by an oil engine
blows the whistle. Compressed air is
also used for starting the engines aud
for reversing.
Although mankind has made use of
bread iu some form or other fur several
thousand years, tfiere still remains much
unknown ubout the food value und
about tbe relation to digestion of this
universal staff of llfto. An English
study of the subject has just been coin-
^'/"s'ua'- il'h'ted. by a committee of tli
' eminent  ituard.   This  cum in it tee  n
use of much of the work done by experts Of the D. S. department of agriculture.
The old controversy between the nd*
vocatos of roller-mill flour antl the defenders of stone-mill flour need never
again be revived, in view of the results
obtained by a scion ti fie analysis of
meals produced by the two processes,
Not only do the roller-milt Hours show
i larger percentage of available nutri*
of Ihe most, unique porsonalit
he Western provinces passed away
ntlv iu the person of Thomas An-
itiuibon, of Edmonton.   He died at the
fifth to u sixthfngg 0f *dnety-two, and was a striking
■xamplo of the physical manhood pro-
luccd in the pioneer days.    Born while
, Lleorge 111. was still king, he retained
other  places not j to tll0 ]nst a ccrt:ii„ „]d world courtesy
of manner that mndo him a very dignified  figure,    Mr.  Anderson  wus nne of
Ihe links between the early times nml
the smart up-to-date West."
It was when the Canadian' government was establishing its sway over the
(Western territory ami replacing the
paternalism of the Hudson's Bay Company that Thomas Anderson became
crown timber agent, the leading officer
appointed tt) represent tho government
at Ottawa. Mis forceful character,
combined with an athletic frame, exercised a great influence in the life of
that part of the country, and many
anecdotes are told about him, One of
them is well worth repeating as related
by the late Charles Lewis Shaw.
"It was in the very early days, and
Mr. Anderson, almost the first, if not
the lirst, civil representative of law and
order under the Dominion government,
was waited upon by a deputation from
Edmonton ami the outlying settlements
to Inform him us a newcomer, a tenderfoot, as to the manner in which the people desired him to conduct his ofiicc.
"Various and original were the sug
gestions ami instructions given by the
delegates and received by Mr, Anderson,
standing in a quadrangle formed by the
buildings of obi Hudson Bay Fort.
More aud more aggressive did the various speakers become, deceived by the
quiet attention paid by the ollicer addressed, until one of the deputation
with an insolent drawl in his voice remarked:
" 'And see here, if this is not done,
we'll throw you out of the country and
do business with tin? government at
Ottawa direct and ns wo think best.'
The crown timber agent ruse quietly
to an athletic height of six feet two,
replaced his lead pencil iu his pocket,
dosed his official not e-book, buttoned
his coat deliberately, ami stood before
the deputation, the embodiment of virile, middle-aged manhood, the whilom
champion oarsman of the Ht. Lawrence
" 'Now gentleman,1 he said quietly,
'the discussion has become personal as
well ns official. 1 will receive this deputation unt? bv one or iu twos and
settle Ihe personal side of the question
without any parley.'
' 'Now, step out if ye men,' lie culled
clarion tones that echoed through
the old square that liud never heard
uny other command for a century than
that given by a Hudson liny Factor.
The men of the early West were not uf
the kind tlfht hesitated at such aa invitation, but in half an hour Canadian
million I y was established forever ou
the North Saskatchewan, njid Mr. An*
lersun, with bruised knuckles, was in*
tcribing his report to his government
at Ottawa, while the representatives o?
lisnffectod saw for the first time
through blackened eyes the majesty of
nndini. authority.
The most import*
e fuel used, which
This completely
the constant danger iusepar-
ctetl with the use of gasi "
on explosive.      In f
mil.      Another import
in the means of firing
ol In tho engine.      All
familiar with the won-
of   the   electric   spark.
fires the charge in a
eats, but tho best grades of wheat
the so-called "hard wheats"—cannot
be utilized at all ia the obi-fashioned
stojie mill; and the flours having the
best "baking qualities" are produced
for crude oil is i
it is us safe a- i
mil difference is
tho charge of fi
nutomobulsts air
dorfnl capacity
which soinetimoj
gasoline engine, has for failing tit thol found that the present
very timo when it is most particularly [—the  outer   covering
wanted to do its work well.      The Die
sel  marine  engine  is of the  two-cycl
typo;  that  is, tlie fuel charge  is com
pressed at ono stroke nnd fired ami e\
lill   flours
vhlch up*
ict'Jby  the  roller  mills,    Roll
also also the whitest  flours, ^^
peals to many on the esthetic side,
Notwithstanding the enthusiasm of
mnny apostles of whole-wheat bread,
the findings of tho commission will rob
them of some of their converts.    It is
food of bran
_ I    the     Wiiout
_raiu—may be advantageous under spec-
ial circumstances; but Dial iu general
if is an undesirable element ia bread,
Not only Is the bran itself indigestible.
Ho was only a young commercial traveller, ami lmd not.beeji on the road for
many months, When, therefore, it
chanced that he found himself short of
funds, he sen reel v knew what course
to lake.
After   much   hard   thinking,   ho   reived to let the oiiiee know   his   sad
plight.    From tbe nearest post office he
despatched a wiro:
"Have run short of ready-money.
Please write me here."
Dot the following morning brought
no reply to Ids appeal. Fatiently he
waited for the second post but nothing
Again he resolved to wire, this time
more urgently.
"Nn money.    How shall T act?   Wire
Almost   before   he   had   reached   his
hotel  again
brought   a
telegraph   boy   had
Hastily   tho   young
;.eii the envelope, und
were broke! "
by nil bio
noon temperature ranges from HO deg. [given   bv   l'i
F. to 90 tleg. I'\
While the Pacific fogs occur with peculiar regularity,  those   of  the   North
Atlantic const, thoi.e,h ut times persistent, are irregular both as lu the time of
their   occurrence   an.I   their     duration,
The North Atlantic coast   fogs aro pro
bably due to thin strata of warm moist
air passing over the cold water surface.
The summer afternoon sea fogs of the
Pacific are also tpiite difforonl from the
winler   morn iny   fogs.       The   latter  He
low,  close tu  the surface of the water,
and do not average none than 100 feet
iu depth.     It is nearly always possible,
by sending out a look-out. to get above
the   level  of  the   fog and   thus  obtain
proper bearings. With the summer afternoon sen-fogs this is oul of the question. The distance which the fug extends seaward is not definitely known,
but it is thought that an average would
be abuut 50 miles.    There are Instances
when n fog has ooen reported scvera
hundred miles oil' shore.
Unci her a  fog appears     for a  few
hours at certain seasons, us on tho At
lantie  coast, or regularly through  the
summer   afternoons     and   the     winter
mum ings,   ns   a lung   the   Pacific   coast
whether it forms sharply defined streaks
and strata, as at Snn Francisco, or lies
in  undefined  banks, as off  Newfound*
land, in either case it is duo to a cooling uf air ami consequent, condensation
of water vapor.      The cooling may be
brought about by elevation and expau
sion or'by rapid radiation or by mix
tare with a cooler mass of air or con
tact with a cooler surface.     The water
vapor condenses on minute nuclei which
may be exceedingly fine dust or possibly
The morning winter fogs are low-lying bnnks of condensed vapor, which, as
a   rule,   move   from   the  land  seaward
and are probably formed by a cooling
tine to radiation and contact, tbe land
surfaces being much cooler in the early
morning hours than the water surfaces,
owing to the high specific heat of water.
The summer afternoon fogs arc probably due to cooling caused in port by
elevation and expansion1 and in part by
mixing. Fogs, as a rule, form when
cool air passes uver warm, moist surfaces, but in tbe case of the fogs near
the Golden Gate, San Francisco, where
the surface temperature is 5a deg. F.,
unit the air temperature, at a height of
700 feet, SO deg. F„ condensation is
more probably due to a mixing of uir
currents having different temperatures,
humidities nnd velocities.
The seemingly unaccountable failure
of log signals at the critical moment has
been a source of much perplexity und
serious disaster. It not infrequently
happens thut the master of a vessel will
testify that the fog waistlu could uot
be heard, while the lighthouse officials
will maintain with equal positivcuoss
that there was no failure to give the
proper signal. It is now known that
both sides muy have been correct in
their statements. If sound travels
through a medium, such as air, the density of which varies more or less from
point to point, it suffers u refraction, or,
in other words, the line of propagation
is not a straight line. As a result of
this it may occur that a sound wave
starting from some point on tho surface of the earth is deflected upward,
so that a person stntioned ut some dis-
tnueo on the surmeo of the earth will
receive no indication of the sound wave
which passes over him, above his hend
leaving him unconscious of the disturb
The manufacture of dairy products
has at the present day reached a high
degree of scientific perfection. This
tloes not, of coruse, imply Hint every
operation Invariably runs without any
hitch, but it tloes mean that the intelligent dairyman is in a bettor position
to meet such emergencies as arise. One
particular difficulty which occasionally
troubles him, is that the butter fails
to set with proper consistency, A vory
lucid discussion of this particular fault
— '  "■        thoda o'
j, und
coming it, is
iu a rocout
ia  quoted  at
length below,
"A lack of firmness in butter is apt
to lower ils value and ovon, jii somo
j measure, to form uu obstacle to its sale.
1 As a tide, such undue softness is uu
indication of defective, ma nu fact inc.
II, may be that the cream was insufficiently concentrated or too low iu acidity. 'Ihe temperature, nlso, has u curtain influence, Special euro should he
taken tu rapidly coo! (he cream wheu
it copios from the separator, ami this
cooling should be tarried down to about
' * i» doftrcos ('., at which temperature
real processes aio greatly
slowed dowll, 'Ihe temperature is then
allowed to rise slowly until the cream
is ready fur churning, This operation
itself is subject to the iiillnonco of
temperature. If the cream jh too cold,
a hard ami brittle butter is obtained;
ou the other hand, if the temperature
is too high, the product is unduly soft.
Experience has shown that in summer
the churning should be done at .15 or
Hi degrees ('., iu winter about 17 or 18
"Temperature, however, is not the
only circumstance which affects the
churning. A lack in acidity prolongs
the perioil required, and, moreover,
leads to a soft product, lacking in eon-
sistoiicy. Another point to which attention must, be paid, is that tho motion
of the churn, which of courso varies
according to flu* system employed,
should remain constant for any one
apparatus. Experience alone can teach
the particular speed to be adopted iu
a given case. It will often bo observed
that when a certain speed is exceeded
the proper consistency cannot bo obtained; this is another case in which a
soft butter is obtained.
"Ou tiio other hand, tho opposite
extreme also must be avoided, for then
the churning is unduly prolonged and
the butter obtninod is watery, owing to
partial em unification of thy fat glo
bales. It is very difficult to subsequent
ly eliminate the buttermilk from such u
product, and the kneeding operation
merely renders the material homogeneous without sufficiently freeing it from
milk to* impart to it the proper firmness. There is thus,1111 optimum -Speed
for every churn, ami this must not be
departed from once it has beon detor
mined bv trial.
"It    III!
a nee.
Another possible cause through which
sound signals may become inaudible at
certain points is the reflection of sound
from sharply defined clouds or bunks of
dense fog, Such reflection may lulve
the result that at certain points ure
direct wave uml the reflected wave
just neutralize and tbe sound becomes
Iho troubles tn which nir signals are
subject aro completely overcome when
wator is used as the transmitting medium, The success 01 submarine bell
signals bus beon so marked that in time
the siren signuls through the air will
probably become of secondary importance. Where both signals can bo employed and used simultaneously, a careful determination of the interval between the receipt of the two signals en*
aides the mariner to obtain some indication of his distance from the point
of starting of both signals, fur obviously tho time whidi elapses between the
receipt of the two signnls is the difference botweon the time taken for the
air signal and the water signal to reach
him, .Now the velocity of sound in air
is about 1,100 feet per second; iu wuter
about 4,700 feet por second. From
these data the distances may be computet I.
The   some   principle   can   be   applied
frequently been observed
that soft butter had been insuffi
cieutly Washed, Abundant and repeated washing should bo applied without
hesitation iu the chum, to remove im
purities uml the buttermilk. For (his
purpose water mny be iujectod in a
fairly strong jet; this watering operation must, however, not be looked upon
:is a good opportunity for cleverly introducing water into the fatty material
for a purpose which it is unnecessary
to point out. It may be just as well
to mention that it is of course unlawful
to remedy aooftnoss of butter by intro-
hieing into it margarine ur similar materials. Butter may be hardened by
placing it iu a cool place, but the temperature must not be too low.
"'iistly, it is well to consider who
ther the fault which we are discussing
   not at times bo put down not ho
much to errors in uinnufucturo, but to
the' material fed to the eow. Thus, for
instance, it is well known that oil cake.
I Indian corn, barley, rice flour, bran, etc..
cause tin' butter' to be soft. On the
other hand, vetches, peas, cocoanut and
palm cakes rause the butter to bo hard.
Thus by a judicious diet the properties
of the butter may be influenced in one
direction or the other. It may be well
to note, however,, that the amount of
palm or cocoanut cake fed to tho cows
should not exceed two or three pounds
per head.''
Noticing thut her husband wus unusually talkative at tea, Mrs, Tatclior asked him the reason for it.
"Well," said Tatcher, " t am happier
to-day than usual, and the reason is J
did three good things on my way to
business today. 1 was walking down
tlm main street when I saw a young
woman with a baby sitting on a church
step weeping. Doing touched by her
appearance I asked ller what was: the
cause of her distress.
" 'Oh, sir,' she said, '] have walked
six miles to have my baby baptized,
only to find I havo lost my purpo.'
1 told her that wus a small mattor,
and, handing her a sovereign, told her
to get the child baptized and bring me
the change afterwards, which sho did.
So you see, Mary, I did throe good
deeds. I performed nn net of charity,
started a little child on its way in life,
and got fifteen good shillings for a bad
Zam-Buk Is a Sure Oure
Ur. Jas. Davey. of 786 Ellico Ave..
Winnipeg, says:—"A fow months
since 1 was cured of a poisoned finger
through tho timely use of Zam-Buk.
*' 1 cut a deep gash across tho
knuckle on tho first linger of my right
hand in opening a lobster can. I
suffered at tho timo with the soreness
and pain, but had no idea it would
become a serious wound. However, in
about two days I was greatly alarmed;
us my wholo hand and arm to tho
olbow became suddenly inllnmod, and
tho finger was much discolored, showing signs of blood-poisoning. Tho
fiain wus dreadful and 1 was forced to
cave off my work nml go homo.
"Tho wound on tho knuckle had
heen poisoned by dust ami dirt get
;iug into it. 1 then decided to start
the Zam-Buk treatment., antl having
first bathed tlm cut, I applied the
healing balm. It soothed the pain
almost instantly, and by next day
thero was a great  improvement.
" In a week's time, through perso
veranco with this wonderful preparation, a eomploto euro was brought
Zam-Buk ih just ns good for eczema,
ulcers, scalp sores, nbscesses, piles,
ringworm, boils, varicose ulcers, running sures, cobl sores, chapped hands,
etc. It, draws all poisonous foulness
from u wound or sore and then heals.
Use it, too, for cuts, burns, bruises antl
all skin injuries. Zam-Buk .Soap should
bo used in conjunction to the balm for
washing wounds and sore places, Kx*
eel' "t Mo for baby's bath.
AU druggists and stores sell Znm-
Ibih at. oue i|ox and Zum-ituk Soap at
'.Jlie tablet. Post freo upon receipt of
price from Zam-Buk Co., Toronto.
Make the Liver
Do its Duty
Nine timet in ten when the liver it right tW
ttomach and bowelt ve tight.
gendy but Grmly coin-.
pel • lizy liver to
do iu duty.
Cures CoH>
Headache, uid Distress after Eating.
3m.ll Pill. Small Dote, Small Price
Genuine mu«bc« Signature
Rifle or Pistol
Winchester  Cartridges—
I the Red W Erand — arc
sure fire and accurate. In
Winchester and other
makes of Guns they a*-
— ways give the best results
and results arc what
_ count.   They cost a few1
Im cents more than inferior
makes, but they are
dollars better.      A      A
Solo by Dealers Everywhere.
%,. PILLS'J$
McMillan fur & wool co.
r   ,-          277 flUPCftT-.-.STBCCT
yv it i t k r6.it: -t ih c viM n
-r^RAl'l-KH-N'tVl ll'LM-lf^fc/IOVlfnisi.'wni. .
'.AWa.-.tV*:-SHIP'TO US;,",.
Saallngor worshipped liis inotliei. His
heart wus so tillotl with love for hor
that thore was left not tho smallost
corner in it which could liurbor tho
imago of anothor. Ench day, fo: nunc
than thirty yours, he brought to her an
over grcutor offering of filial devotion.
Since tho proud moment, whon, violin
in hand, ho returned from abroad stamped with tho upprovnl of Kuropeau audiences, he hud not been separated from
her for a single hour, snvo when ho gave
hor, grudgingly, to sloop. With hor ho
hud travelled tho length anil breadth
of the landf gained fanio uud fortune
because of his wonderful performances.
Not thnt Saullnger coveted wealth—he
nought it only to shower it on the woman who hud toilod Uml utmost starved,
iu Ban Francisco, tlmt he might sit ut
tho foot of tlio musters iu Brussels nnil
I'eip/.iir nud Berlin until his fingers
learn ell to Interpret the song born in
bis soul.
And now ho wns alone. A month
ago, in St. Petersburg, lie lmd listened
to her lust word and kissed her for
the last timo. During tlio prolonged
honor of tho homeward journey lie Cad
j been always ut hor side. Today he hnd
followed her to the Hills of Eternity,
Abruptly, Saallngor turned and walked into his apartment, from which he
i-uiiio almost immediately, carrying his
violin. Ho hud uot touched it since
tlio niglit, iu Russia's capital, that we
returned from the concert with his suddenly stricken parent. No sooner had
he tuned the instrument than I knew
that I, who bad boon his accompanist
since his lirst public appearance, had
never hoard such music.
Rapt, unseeing, he stood—-swaying
to tho rhythm of tbo sacred strain—
baring his heart, laying his sorrow before f~a Throne. As tho phrases flowed bonoath his bow tbo pent-up storo
of his unwilling lids gushed forth. Ho
finished bis supplication on his knees,
nerveless, spent, thankful. Poaeo had
como to his soul. -
T hurried to him and holpod him to
his feet.
"Thanks, old friend," ho whisporod.
"I live again. I feared I should go
"tt was, indoed, the effort of madness. ''
" Yes, an inspiration, Onco boforo,
I played liko that."
Ho dried his eyes and seated himself
before tho fire. At first his speech was
halting, but with tho breaking of tho
drouth of tears camo an end to tho
famine of words which hud so long
ondured. Seeming to find pleasure in
tho sound of his own voice, ho went on:
I waa so intent upon my Work whon
in Europe ior the first timo that I found
no opportunity for becoming acquainted with my kinsfolk thero until aftor
T lmd completed my studios. Evon then
t should have lacked tho money to pay
railway fares had it not boon for the
kindness of my preceptor, who put mo
in tho wny in prosperity by almost
forcing me upon tbo concert stage, Vou
may remember tho trip I mndo to Austria immediately after completing the
series of performances in which I mado
my p-ofessionnl debut. I recall that
you awaited my return, in Paris, and
then accompanied me to America.
Aftor leaving you I journeyed to
Vienna, whero I spent three happy
weeks with tho hospitable Jews of my
fatlior'a family. From Vienna I followed, into the' foothills of tho Matras,
a Jotter notifying tho Magyar relatives
of my mother of my intended visit.
There woro few persons at tho railway station whon tbo train passed at
Nouraa—the locomotive panting as if
engor to leave so uninviting a spot—
but hnd thore been a huudrod I would
havo picked out my mother's brother
ns roadily. Uo stood at tho odgo of
the littlo platform, his sallow countenance gleaming like old ivory, in tho
failing light of lato afternoon. Tho
military bearing of tho man, bis unusual height, the aggressive poiso of
his chin, compelled my regard. Tho
empty sleeve, pinned to the breast of
his coat; the up-pointing, gray moustache, waxotl to sharpness at tho onds,
convinced mo of his identity.
Alighting, blithely, from tho carriage,
T approached him, hand extondod. Tho
immobility of his pose, tho hostile light
in his eyes, repelled mo. My hand
dropped to my side.
"Aro you not my Undo Ottokar!"
His faco buBbed and tho big near left
by tho sabro of the Austrian, who laid
open bis cheek at tho battle of Tomes-
war, grew livid.
"I am Ottokar Honodok," he announced, coldly.
Tho rebuff surprised and confused me.
Dimly, it came to my mind thnt my
mother wns not on good terms with hor
people. Sho hnd never said as much,
but now I romomborod with what ro*
sorvo sho hnd over referred to them,
even when sho suggested this visit. 1
could find no words in which to address
him. Before I could decide upon a plan
of action, ho turned to tbe succession
Of dust-filled ruts which unswerod for
a rond.
"This way," ho commanded, gruffly.
Ono is easily influenced at twonty.
Obediently. I followed.
My timid advances toward friendliness wero received in silence, so, tiring
of the monologue, X bold my tongue.
Tt woro hotter, too, that I conserve my
breath, for I wns burdened with my
violin nnd music roll and n largo and
heavy valise. Soon I grew weary. The
unusual labor mado my untried muscles
ache, and heartily I regretted having
accompanied him. Wo had covered
what seemed to havo been an intormin-
Some persons nro mom susceptible
to cohls than others, contracting do
rnugomonta of tbe pulmonary organs
from the slightest causes. Thesr
should always have at hand a bottle of
Bickle's Aiiti-Consumptive Syrup, the
present day sovereign remedy for
coughs, catarrh and inflammation of
me lungs. It will effect a cure no
matter how severe tho cold mny he
Von cannot afford to be without a
remedy like Bickle % for it is the best.
nblo distance  when I resolved to bid
him good-bye.
"I see that I am unwelcome hore,"
I began, lamely. "I only camo because
my mother "
"Her name had not beon hoard here
in years, until your letter arrived," ho
interrupted. "Whon sho, a BcnedeU,
wedded the Jew, wo forgot her."
He halted uud sneered down at me.
"How liko him you aro. Vour every
featu e bears the mark of Israel. ' 1
huve not heard; 1 hope ho is dead?"
How I hated him! But I restrained
myself. I remembered that ho wus my
mother's ouly brother—that wild, vindictive warrior—and, of all hor blood,
tho ouo she loved Die best.
"lie pasSed away many years ago,
but my mother lives. She bade mo t-oo
you before returning to her," 1 informed him.
lie picked up my satchel and ro*
suuted the journey, without replying.
My determination cooled before this
apparent concession and again I followed him, but ouly pride kept me from
yielding to fatigue ere wo reached our
Sprawled on a hillside at the end of
a bypath, tho tumble down placo was
quite In keeping with its impoverished,
rock-strewn surroundings. Tho slopes
once green nnd fruitful, 'were scarred
by gullies, cut by tho waters of tho
cloudburst of 'seventy-eight, which carried into tho valley of tlie Szinva the.
soil stripped from the hills. Tho outbuildings lay In ruins and tho portions
of tho patched and ancient pile which
did not shelter the family wero given
over to the domestic animals.
"My mother will hardly prove your
friend," he warned mo as wo approached the door.
Tho aged woman leaned forward from
a high-backed chair, hor hands clutching its arms. Her elder daughter stood
at her side. Tho erono fixed mo with
angry eyes and seemed about to spring
nt  me.      "So you aro  hero
....   a dog!"
"Mother! Mother! Ho is our Lena's
son." My mint knelt at hor parent's
feet and with arms about her sought
to soothe her.
"We own no Lona hore," sho snarled.
Ottokar Benedak interposed. His
tono was that of ono accustomed to obedience. "The boy has a right to bo
with us. Wo will live in peace with
him whilo bo stays. Wo aro hungry;
lot us dine."
Tho dour looks of my relatives proved
poor sauce for the food, but oven so,
my hungor was unappeased when wo
had finished tho one chicken, tho black
bread, and thin, sour wine which made
up tho meal. But it was apparent from
tho manner of my hosts that tho dinner
was better than tho ordinary. My
heart went out to these uncompromising
folk, who though so proud wero yet so
When tho lono sorving woman had
cleared the tablo my aunt removod tho
linen covering from a littlo old molo-
deon which stood in a corner.
"Shall wo havo tho music?" Appcal-
ingly, sho looked at hor brother, who
sat apart, bis back half-turned,
"Tonight, thero is none in me," ho
grunted, over his shoulder.
"I am looming the violin; perhaps
[ might please you," I suggested, 'iho
Hungarian passion for music, 1 hoped,
might soften their attitude toward me.
My uncle nodded, somewhat reluctantly I thought.
"Perhaps my sistor will accompany
you "      Ho pausod as if inquiring
my name
*' Aaron.''
Ho leaped to his foot.
"Always tho .low," ho exclaimed, iu
Disconcerted by tho unexpected outbreak, I fumbled over my selections
and took tho first which presented itself that would do for violin and organ.
I chanced upon "Kol Nidro" and tremblingly began it. Ho stamped from tho
room, grumbling: "Jew music! Jew
L could stand no moro.
"Sweet littlo mother," I thought,
"I would do anything for you, did it
but give you an instant's pleasure, but
for what do I submit myself to tho insults of theso boors?"
.Laying asido my violin, I followed
my relative out of doors. Tho chill
of tbo night was as nothing to that in
my breast.
"I think it bost that I should go—
now," I told him.
Ho showed no emotion, not oven relief, at my decision.
"I will accompany you to tbe railway," ho offered, and added: "Tho
train is not due until midnight; there
is no need for baste."
Surprised at this belated concession
to courtesy, I re-entered the house to
assomblo my belongings. At my heels
the door opened and a band of (lipsy
musicians trooped in. Thoy seemed well
acquainted with my uncle, but looked
me over, curiously. One of them, sighting my violin case, whispered loudly:
" vVho's tho Jowl Does he, by chance,
sell fiddles?"
Ottokar Benedek ignored tho question and tho questioner. Neither did
ho so much as look in my direction nor
give sign that ho knew mo, My boyish
heart sank, but i bit my Up when I
felt it quiver. How utterly alone I
The old BOrvant made hurried trips
ami piled fuel into tho big fireplace.
The flames roarod in tho chimney and
(heir light brightened tho dark stretches
of beamed and smoke-stained ceiling.
The fantastically garbed visitors found
lifting setting in tho qunint, old-fashioned room, with its timo-woru drapes
and heavy, carved furniture. Unnoticed, I retired to a shaded corner, when
he music began.
Makesa Bad Cough Vanish
Quickly—or Money Back
Thi«*?^ckest'   Surest   Couah   Remedy
You Ever Used.   Family Supply for
SOc.    Saves You $2,
•tab™ i!T6 ,n0V?.r ,used an>'*h*ng which
takes hold of a bad cough und conquers
it so cjuicuy as I inex Cough Wyrup.
Uvea almost Instant relief and usually
•tops the most obstinate, deep-seated
•cough in twenty-four hours. Guaranteed
to Blvo prompt and positive results, even
in croup and whocp.ng cough?
rinex is a special and highly concentrated compound oi Norway White Pine
extract, rich in gualacol and other healing pine elements, a 60-oent bcttlo
makes 1U ounces—a family supply—of tho
host cough remedy thut money can buy,
at a savins of ?2. simply mix with
home-made BUgar syrup cr strained
honey, in a 10-ouncc bottle, and It Is
ready fi.r jso. Easily prepared in five
minutes—uir actions in package
■ Children liko PInox Cough Syrup--:it
tastes good and is a prompt, safe remedy
for old or young, .Stimulates the appetite and is Slightly laxative—both Bond
features. A handy household tnedielnc
for hoarseness, asthma, bronchitis, etc,
nnd unusually effective for incipient lung
troubles, Used In more homes In the U,
S. and Canada than any other cough
Plnex has often hppn imitated, but
never successfully, for nothing else will
produce the same results. The genuine
in guaranteed to give absolute satisfaction or money refunded. Certificate of .
guarantee la wrapped In each package. |
Your druggist Ins Pinex or 'will plndly
get It for you. If not, send to The Plnex
Co., Toronto, Ont.
As they warmed to thoir efforts the
gipsies worked like mad—the tempo of
their numbers beat fast and ever faster;
•the notes of the reeds swelled and sighed and died away; the strings shrieked
and laughed, joyously, hysterically—
but my listless ear wouhl havo none of
it.   ] was waiting for tho train.
"And these nro my mother's people,"
I mused, contemptously.
Unconscidusly, thore stole into my
bitter thoughts a new, sweet leaven. As
ono just nwakenod, I realized that the
Romany leader was playing—alone. His
deep-toned violin sang like a human
voieo-»-a voice 1 remembered, vaguely.
The low notes lulled my tirod nerves.
Suddenly it came to me. My mother!
How often had I, a sleopy child, heard
her croon that folk song of tho Magyars.
I recognized it then—a message to
hor homesick boy!
Stumbling to my feet, my arms went
out, beseechingly, to tho gipsy. Smiling,
he placed the violin in my hands, it
snuggled to my shoulder.
My eyes closed. The music poured
from the throbbing wood, lading the
winds with the answer for tho hungering heart beyond the sea. I felt her
arms about, mo, holding mo to her
breast. I gazed into hor gentle eyes.
Her lips brushed mine—then lids and
brow nnd hair.
Ah. God was food to mol
Tho Romany, with one bound, gainod
my side. Ho wrung my hands and
kissctl my cheeks, "Child of my
dreams, who are you?"
Ottonar Beneden thrust him aside,
rudely. .His one arm encircled my
shoulders, His tears flowed free. There
was pride in his voice as ho cried: "He
is my nephew; son of Lena, my sister."
In tho Canadian Century of October
21, it was pointed out that tho Canadian people would expect tho new go-
ada, something that would lake tho
popular fancy antl advertise Canada
throughout the world while increasing
the population nnd industries of the
country. AVo received, "Pome days ago,
the following telegram from W, .7. Kerr,
first vice-president of the Automobilo
Association of Now Westminster, British Columbia:
"Tho nnswer to your leading editorial October 21st, is a Canadian highway from Halifax to Alberni, B.C. Ulio
first convention for this movement will
bo held iu Now Westminster, B.C., on
November 3rd and 4th,"
Tho convention referred to in the
telegram hns already been held and was
very enthusiastic. While wo look to
tho new government to give us something bigger than this for tho advancement of Canada, wo think the movement
for a national highway from ocean to
ocean is a good ono aud well deserving
of substantial support. Sir James
Whitney has announced that Mr. Borden has promised that the Dominion
will assist in tho construction of roads
for farmers in Northern Ontario.
Hon. W. T. White, the Minister of
Finance, speaking at Lausdowne, Ont.,
on November 2nd, suid:
"Tbe duty of tbo government is to
provide.national machinery of every
sort to aid and assist tho peoplo in do
vcluping the resources and trade of
thoir country. And in this connection
I desire, to draw attention to ono of tiie
planks of Mr. Bordon's platform.     ii
is to assist in the good roads movement. V. The cost of haulage along a
highway is of as much Importance as
the question of railway freight rates
It is as desirable to snvo money on the
ono us on tho othor. So far as i am
concerned, 1 am ns strongly as possible
in favor of any measure which, in cooperation with ,ue province or otherwise, will give tho farmers of Canada in time the great boon of good
roads Over which tlio produce may find
its way to market with the minimum
of trouble and expense."
What bettor beginning could thore
bo for such a policy than tho construction of a great national highway from
ocean to ocean. Each province of the
1'tun in ion would get its share. The
work could' bo undertaken in co-operation with the provincial governments.
The announcement, made at Halifax
by Premier Borden that the new government will provide • cold storage and
cheap transportation for fish from the
Maritime Provinces to Ontario, Quebec,
and even to the western provinces will
he received with general approval in
Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island and
New Brunswick, and it should be equally gratifying- to the consumers in tlie
cent nl and western provinces. A market in Caua/Ja will be surer and more
staple than any foreign market.
At the same time it would bo well
to encourage tlio development of a market for Canadian fish in the British
West Indies and Spanish America. If
there wero steamships with cold storage facilities running regularly from St,
John or Halifax to tho principal ports
op the West India Islands, Contra 1
America  and  South  America,  a  verv
Soft corns nre difficult to eradicate,
but Holloway's Corn Cure will draw
them out painlessly.
Likewise the friend of every man and
woman who is kept constantly on their
foot, ami sutlers from callouses and
corns. The one painless remedy is Putnam's Corn and Wart Extractor j it
acts in twenty-four hours, ami never
falls to uproot the com, roots and
branch. Satisfaction guaranteed with
a 2iic bottle of Putnam's Painless Com
and Wart extractor.
profitable trade might be developed In
those southern countries.
Tho noted actor, who had consented
to give a reading for tho benefit of a
certain charity, arrived homo lato that
night with a very worried look on his
"Why, my dear," suid his wife,
"wasn't tho reading a successf"
"No. Didn't do it at all," ho replied,
dropping into a chair moodily.
" Didn't read it at all?"
"No, You,800, the chairman of the
reception committee lirst mado a speech
introducing the chairman of tho managing committee, lie got up and told
about the excellent, work of the honorary- treasurer, who got up and mado a
speech about the plans for next year,
and Introduced tho president of the as
sociation, who told all about tho work
of tho concern, and then introduced
the chairman or the mooting, who wat-
to introduce mo, but by that time the
audience was leaving. So I slipped
round to the door and camo out with
Mrs. Richquick: "John. I want you
to buy a new parlor suit."
Mr. Richquick; "Maria, I've been
agreeable enough so far as to get different clothes for morning, noon, afternoon, and night, but I'm consumed if
1 '11 change 'em every time f go inte a
different room."
Shiloli's Cure
illicitly stops cuudhs. cures colds, haul*
■*.« throat aad luad-i 29 *-.-t>at*
1 Ml
No More Cold Hands
Smokeless *
A woman cftcn does not notice
what a cold day it is so long as she
is bustling around the house. But
when she sits down to her sewing and
mending, she soon feels chilly.
It is then she needs a Perfection Smokeless Oil Heater.
Its quick, glowing heat warms up a room in next to no time.
That is the beauty of a Perfection Smokeless Oil Heater. It is
always ready for use; you can carry it wherever you please; and you
light it only when you want it.
Tli« Perfection Oil Hester is smoltel-tj and odotlsa—• patented automatic
device insure, that. It is tenable, tale and economical—burns nine hours on one
filling. Handsome, too — drums f.nished either in b'.uo Mamtt or plM rtccl, with
nickel t.immings.
Dealers everywhere J or write fr.r dcKrJptlvc circular tj soy nntney ol JfjjM
The Imperial Oil Company, Limited '
I Fot
I Al
■    U.i,
For Red, Weak. Weary, Watery Eyes
Murine Doesn't Smart—Snotties Eye Pr.ln
Murine Eye Renedy, Liqaid, 25c. 50c, $1.00.
viurine Eye Salve, in Aieptic Tubes, 25c, Sl.Ot
Murine Eye Remedy Co., Chloage
Plaster board takes the place of Lath, and m m-eprnot
The "Empire" brands of Woodfiber and Harawali
Plaster for good construction.
The Manitoba Gypsum Co., Ltd.
Unless worms lie expelled from tho
system, no chiltl ean be hoalthy.
Mother Graves' Worm Exterminator
ia the best medioino extant to destroy
Don't Give Your Low Grade Wheat Away
Get the Highest Market Price for It
We are making Splendid Sales of Number 4, S, 6, and Feed, us well ns tough und
rejected smutty wheat. There is a good market for all of these low grades. Let ns
sell your-wheat to the highest bidder, nud get you all it, is worth in any of the world's
markets.    Write for full particulars, and send your Shipping Hills to
W. S. McLaughlin & Co., Winnipeg, Man.
6 Chubb Block, Saskatoon, Sask. Grain Exchange, Calgary, Alta.
117 THK fSLANDUtt, dttttr.EtU.Atft), !'. c
Published   every
Sntuvtlav   nt   Cumberland,  B.C.,
Ish, .I,-, Printing & Publishing; Company
V. HAlll.Jib L   - i.G..A\b,
Mnnnging Editor.
Aiiv,.fti«itt|. pii ■.— tii'.i; I., .1 nl '    Hi- i i'
tsubdcri-Jlluii piiu •. i ■■   , ■• .. ..   ,
The editor does not hold   himself responsible for
SIR EDMUND WALKER, C.V.O., L.L.D., D.C.L., President
CAPITAL, - $10,000000 ~      REST, -   $8,000,000
The Canadian Bank of Commerce extends to Farmers every facility
for the transaction of their.bankinrr business including tlie discount and
collection of sales notes. Blank sales notes are supplied free of charge
on application.
Accounts may be opened at every branch of The Canadian Bank cf
Commerce to be operated by mail, and will receive the same careful
attention as is given to all other departments of the Bank's business.
Money may be deposited or withdrawn tn this way as satisfactorily as
by a personal visit to the Bank. .231
W. T. WHITE, Manage
The product of Pure Malt and
Bohemian Hops
Absolutely no chemicals used
in its manufacture
Bottled Beer Supplied to the Trade Only.
ss=Best on the (Eoa$t=E=
Pilsenep Brewing Co.,    Cumberland, B.C.
What the Editor has to say.
The conservation proposition seems to have struck us
amidsh ps and suddenly, as it were. There is much talk of a
forest bureau for British Columbia, and an effort is to be made
to have laws enacted therefor tit the coming session at Victoria. Conservation of public utilities is all right, but is mon
glittering in the abstract than it has panned out in actual practice, so far as the world's experience to date goes.
Naturally, ho one wants to see our timber wasted No
one wants to see it destroyed, carelessly, by fire; nor does
anyone want to see our water powers or other public utilities,
hogged by the few to the detriment of the many. But—and
yet again but--- Not all tlie value nf the timber today used
in the manufacture of lumber goes to the great lumber companies or the holders of large timber ureas At least fnurfifths ef
the value of all timber cut must of necessity go to the laboi
employed in the manufacture and marketing of lumber, A
matured tree standing in tlie forest is worthless to our day and
generation, from an economic view point. It is a drone, taking
up the space tlmt would be the belter occupied by  it  growing
It follows, then, that true forest regulation should not only provide against waste and (ire, but should demand and
urge the largest and 'tei^t i> rue li it • use of the forests, in order that we of today may realize  upon our   inherent interest
in the forests.
The Islander contends that the forests of today belong to
the people of today, When, sometime in the misty future, the
timber shall become exhausted, posterity will simply grow its
timber as we now grow our wheat Conditions are likely, in
this dim and mystical future, to he such that timber will not be
used as to day. Wonderful changes are taking place iu economical conditions. It is not too great a strain upon the imagination to fancy Unit cement and steel will supplant lumber?
To fail to use the timber in our own day is, therefore, likely to
be a useless bit of self-denial.
The same applies to our coal resources. If there is no coal
to burn, posterity will find some other method of generating
heat. Not to rely upon this is to argue that industrial science
and invention is at the limit of accomplishment.
The witter powers of British Columbia huve been running
to waste since the world begun. If any capitalist or corporation will harness them for the benefit of mnnlvilid, let him bel
called blessed. The Islander favors no legislation that would
hamper the good work. Few of ug oould develop these utilities,
and no capitalist or corporation oan harness the water
powers of British Columbia without putting thousands of men
to work and vastly benefitting Ihe Province,
Mr. Thos. E. Bate and Mr. John N. McLeod are before the
people as candidates for Mayor of Cumberland, Both are good
men aud the city's interests will be safe in the hands of either.
to Ibe rrcett httny ,'»lla cl  er.ott, Ibty  bate t.rn unable lo nuke
their (alldelivery of rsrly «e prrn isrd.    Tbey hnrp, however, to have
their loll »1 ipment rnnile in cctirfo ol a week rr salt it not too late to order NOW For this shipment.
Vancouver Island Nursery Co.,
Somenos, V.!.
A good assortment of Eerry Sets,
Fancy Cups and Saucers, Mags, etc.
just opened out, also an assortment
of Toilet Sets.
A Full Stock of Furniture Beds and Bedding Always on Hand.
"The Furniture Store"
McPhee Block A.   McKINNON       Cumberland, B.C
lire of MM
Five minutes from school, postoflice and
store, one mile of road frontage, one-fourth mile
from beach, three miles from Comox. Price,
$38 OO per acre     Easy Terms     Apply to
Tk Island Realty Co
^x^ssmssmms:-. rfaaBsaEiyaaEiiaMHMw
Fire. Life, Live Stock
. . . Aci.ideiit ,
Phone 22.
Courtenay, B. C.
^mm mmim
All Kinds of Hauling Done
First Cls Bi For Hire.
Orders Promptly
Offices: Comox & Courtenay.
Agents for E. & N. Lands,
Cornox District.
Beadnell & Tliwaites
ded to
"Leading Tobacco  King."
Better known as
Dealer in Fruits, Canily, Cigars
and Tobacco.
i£j->* Billiard Ilonm in connection
Horseshoeing a   Specialty
Tliinl Ave, I'umbei'liind
Display Advertisements
?!i cent*- por column Inch per month.
Special rate for Imlf pago or more,
Condensed Advertisements
1 cent 1 word, 1 issue ; minimum oltarge 2b conts.
No accounts run for 'Ms class of advertising
ul Agent for
The London k Lancashire
Fire Insurance Co
I Got. rates before ins irlng 8ls<
l where
I Office: Cumberland
.-   :   :   CE1VED   :   :    .
Up-to-date Merchant Tailor
Courtenay, B. C, Next Door lo Opera House
hite Cookin
|and White Help Only,
Everything Eirst Class
I g
Barrister,   Solicitor   and
Notary Public.
The right place for a good square and
s Christmas Gift Free •
Merry Christmas
Merry Christmas
Merry Christmas
Merry Christmas
durinq the month
f December, will re*
Christmas Gift Free
Merry Christmas
Merry Christmas
Merry Christmas
Merry Christmas
*S "%;
...... |    __, n iia-g -'
whether a ^iTdiass Is mmtle or not.  Gifts are
My advice is hay etaiy and get selection
El mm  Wrkm Pi- : • Siflmniifk
B**1-- w   vVdiLIloS, bllJbKh, IJldlllUliub
■ ■   %e.vJ    Vi '7
BCTr^'r'V'^*'?^?^8^""^^^' .7"T-.'~'- ■■■'? ^ "•""-     :""..-'-",;-' ~^7^'5pr7?^.Tyr^"7533i
I. to $5.
Practical   Watchmaker
All Work Guaranteed
ill Ides a SDBCial
_ . gj^rai
11 MriB
iter ti
., FOR . .
J   i    ' _
Tlie  Russell
Tlio oul)' ('iif Miiilu
in   Anmricn   »!lli
the "Silent In.ni -.i.i
V;,Kvl.-ss Engiue,"
A.|go matin in valve
. . . style . . •
Cleveland; Brantford. Meat   , H :   i [i ol unci Blue Flyer Bi \-
oles; Fairbanaa Wtoi i Go   Illumines; ala<     i M  ore Gasoline
Lighti.jfJ Systoms. Oliver Ty tu :-:rili .       i u:g ol all kinds.
Bicijclct, Sewing Machines, linns, etc.     Scissors awl Shales' ovon ml
Rubber Tires fqf Baby Carriages.    Hoops jar,Tubs
■   '!■■''
■ _/
-ft   Qi tQ   n> <>   <Ji   iffr "fr  Tj- ' ■1v-'>-f"   ■ "    --*.    -V ■*«-<.'■<"'   '-'-'<>   C- .">   ', ■'■"'■'■:>    '',-
A, 11 Work Done under
Personal Supervision
Ot'd< cs may be left at
John Jack' store,
null A.venue   Cumberland
'.'■i.-a' Ltent.-j f.j*.j'fa* kaj...i.ii.'s!>f
«.- -Jj     *v'
a Year
Third St. & Penrith Avenue
All kinds of hauling done
First-class Rigs for Hire
Livery and team work promptly
attended to
Union Lodok No   11, I. 0 0, P.
M-i-ih f\'io\ F'i-lty t'\vnii._r n1 7 ■ clock
in 1   0  0, K   Hull     Vimting brutlit.il
Jas E. Aston, SeurbtaIU
i l^*Vl*V>^MWl*V«ll«V
m i
Grocers & Bakers;
Dealers in all kinds of Gnod
Wet Goods
Best Bread and Beer in Town
Agents for Pilsener Beer
— ■***»***1***»*i*»***'***M********' - -1**-,**-—i-- Tin ry**n mjuiLn,Mjt_».
We wish all omr
many wti
and Patrons
•■-•*> • **"<#*-*:
77w.' finest hotel in the city.
ivi ^ p |
A Traveller's Experience
"My ono wish will bo," wrltoa
Harry P. Pollard, a well known boot
and shoo traveller of Hartford, "thut
oToryono with a bad stomach may
loam ub 1 .ltd boforo it's too lute, thut
Norviline is tho one remedy to cure.
Why, I was in hllghty bud shape, mv
digestion was all wrong, and every
night 1 would wukeu up with a start
and find my henrt jumping 1...0 a
threshing machine... This wus caused
by gas in mv stomach prosslng against
my heart "When 1 started to use
Norviline 1 got better mighty fast, it
is certainly a grand remedy for the
travelling man, keeps your storaaoh in
order, euros cramps, prevents lumbago
or rheumatism, breaks up chest coble
aud sore throat—in fact there hasn't
boon an ache or pain inside or outside
for the past tvvu years thut 1 haven't
cured with Nerviline. Do vou wonder
I roculllriielld ill''
It was  a  railway carriage, and the
occupants were several travellers and a
staid, pompous eld gentleman. Various
and  unsuccessful ell'orts were made t
draw him into conversation.   At length
oils of them said:—
"Como, Blr, I know you are one of
us. Tell us what you aro travelling
"Young man," answered tho tormented one, glnriug at liis Interlocutor.
"I am travelling in very objectionable
and inquisitive c pany, and tlie carriage is full of samples."
He wasn't tllsturbod after this.
Postmaster Tells of Quick Relief
Dodd's Kidney Pills Give
Two of them taken before going to
bed clean away   his   Pain  in  the
Back—Why they always cure more
serious Kidney Diseases.
Buck   Lake,   Ont.    (Special).—How
«l»ickly  Dodd's  Kidney   Pills   relievo
pain iu tho back whon taken in tinto
is oTidenced by Mr. .Inmos Thomas, tho
woll known and highly respected postmaster here.
"X wish to inform you that I alwuys
ind relief for pain in the back by
taking Dodd's Kidney Pills," says
Postmaster Thomas. ".Sometimes in
the mornings I cannot straighten up
for hours, but if I take two Dodd's
Kidney Pills boforo going to bed tho
pain all disappears and 1 havo no
troublo in tho morning."
Dodd's Kidnoy Pills act directly on
the Kidneys. Where pain in tho back
is caused by slight Kidney disorders
the pain is relieved at once. Whero
the complaint is of longer standing
and tho Kidneys arc diseased tho euro
takes longer, and Dodd's Kidney Pills
never fail. Thousands of Canadians
toll of the cure of Kidney Disease of
all forms, from pain in the back to
Bright's Disease, by Dodd's Kidney
Pills. Thero is not on record a single
case of Kidney Disensn or of Diseases
resulting from diseased Kidneys, such
aa Rheumatism or Dropsy which Dodd's
Kidney Pills have failed to euro if
taken regularly ami according to dircc
That Reminds Ne
Ohllllwack,   British   Columbia
Ths Garden of B.C., in tho famous Praia.
VallsT. Finest firming and fruit Und in th*
world. Irrigation unknown. BO. Eleetrle Ry
(rocs VanitouTFr; C.N.B. transcontinental and
m. Northern building. Ohilllwsck a moden
•ity—waterworks, electrie light, ate. Greer
mil 'he rear round. The Prairie Han't
Paradise—no   trout,   no   four   months'   snow
Write H. T. Oondland, 8ecjr. Board o<
Trade, Chilliwaek, for all information, book
tola, mm p.   otn —THRN COMB.
Snellen Varicose Veins' \S„&,
TortiKiiH, I'lct-mte-t, Ittiiitunxl.
Dad Lorx*, Milk I..-L.-, Tlirm.ih.i-
LIS, r,l,*l,i-;'!lI |-!S|4. It Ulk'-MHIt Iht)
|j|lUllll.lUti(i!l, sunnrssuiiil lliHColotll*
tit-n; rouovoa the p;iin uiul tlrodnaSBi
ri.liH'r-i ii,,. swcintiK, in.it. will)- restor-
Inn |...it ui n.inr.'.l "tnnrllj nml iiin
p- iranco.  ApHOJmiNKjIliJBtt
liiiltl. nft>, |,i,-.i-.iiit .mtiM'|itii; lini-
avnt, heating, ond soothing. Bavera qmoj where)
wins nave ulooraUKl mni broken hatq beon <■• m*
oti't 'Ir und iifnn;iii"r,ily cur-<1. *ii:*t low an Ilea.lull* <•' A.;.()i;illNi:, .IK., will g-Vi> n -lift
and pr-tv.* li . iiiitII. ll.Lt) im 1 [.'.i'i |n-r h< ttlu ut
driiRKihis or (l-'Uvt-rfxl,   |j.*tnll. "1 ■lir«*cT,uns. n-p-irts
onrocantcasoaand iiimic <; (• froe onroquesu
Al»ifttuitihnt Irf M«tUn IL.!** * H'»nni(«, WlBHlTM
•• NiIIm[,..| in ,,4 ami L'n,-in|. ul l\i . \< n-ullfftf < C-l.-ttf
11 IU.Mt.-r*.,-. (HUB. Ou. Ud.   Vaouiivfi
"Port Dufferln, N.S.
" r waa troubled with Kidnoy
Disease for several yoarti. My back
was weak. I had terrible boadacbcSj
and was ho restless that I could not
sleep Ut. night. At, last a friend told
mc about Gin I'ills. 1 at onco got it
box, nnd nl'ter taking thom I folt hotter—after three boxes I was cured.
Write us for free sample of (Jin
Tills to try. Then get tho regular
size boxes at your deuler's or direct.
from Us—50fl a box, fi for $2,50, -Money
refunded If (fin I'ills fail to cure,
National Drug & Chemical Co. of Canada, Limited, Dopt. R.P.. Toronto.
Dr.Martel's Female Rib
fimtniM w-4 tmmauommi tn iiiuu't aft
awatav a MlaaHAeaOj ».".p**x-»«l .■*..■•■.■ m
wtww Yh% nunU 'torn thuir <.« y
mi  mHrnumtrnk   Tn  Mat  al all  «m
"Sho loft mo for bouio motivo or
"Probably another."
# *   #
"Doos your wifo want a vote?"
"Sho wunts two," replied Mr. Meek-
ton; "nrino and her's."
# *    *
"Did ho speak in high terms of tho
"Yes; lio said he charged ton dollars
u visit."
Jennie — "Everything ho touches
seems to turn to gold."
Jim—" Yen; he touched mo to-day
for a sovereign."
# *     *
"Do you know of uny good remedy
Por q deadlock^"
"1 should suggest a key to the situation."
He—"Thoy asked me to their reception, but it wasn't bocauso they like
me; it wns only because I can Bing."
She—"Oh, I'm sine you're mistaken."
a    s*    a
"Daughter* h:is the duke told you
the old, old story us yot?"
"Yes. mother. He Bays ho owes
about two hundred thousand pluiks."
a   »    a
"Aren't you afraid you will catch
cold on such a night as this, my boyl"
"No, sir. Selling papers keeps up
tho  circulation."
# *    *
Foozlo—"Doc Woozlo wunts ter sell
his auter."
Biff—"What's the reason?"'
Foozle—"Ho   Aggers   that   tho   one
that buys it will  be a steady patient
over aftor."
"In straitened circumstances, is ho
"Yes. He confesses that it is about
all ho can do to keep tho wolf out of
tho garago."
# *    *
"So you aro a bill collector?"
"Yes.   Iforo is one "
"Keep it. my hoy, keep it. You seem
to hnvo a nico collection thore. Far bo
it from mo to break it up."
"If St. James's Bible was good enough for St. Paul, it is good enough
for mo." This waa tho emphatic protest of a New Kngland deacon against
uo reading of tho Hovised instead of
tho King James version.
'' Well, boy, what do you know?
Can you write a business lottor? Can
you do sums?"
"Please, sir," said tho applicant for
u job, "wo didn't go in very much for
those studies at our school. But I'm
fine on bead-work or clay modeling."
"What is your idea of patriotism?"
"Patriotism," ropliod Senator Sorghum, "is what inspiros a man to point
out many needs for reform in his country, but causes him to resent an Indorsement of his views by a foreigner."
"How wero you on athletics iu col-
logo, son?"
"I was good at relay events, dad."
"That's   what   I  understood.   .Well,
you kin just relay all tho carpets your
ma took up last spring."
Mr. Crimsonboak—"Here's an item
which says tho swan outlives any othor
bird, in extremo cases reaching threo
hundred years."
Mrs. Crimsonboak—"And, remember,
John, tho swans live on wator."
Yes," remarked tho telephone girl
as hIio gazed out at the waves and wondered what their number was, "I am
connected with tho host families in our
a    *    a
Sharpe—"On his birthday boforo
their marriage sho gavo him n book en-
titlod 'A Perfect Gentleman.' "
Whoalton—"Any cuango aftor a
year of married life?"
Sharpo—"Yes; on his last birthday
she gavo him a book ontitled 'Wild
Animals I havo Met.' "
You'd better fumigate theso bills
before you go home, 'lacy may bo eov-
ored with microbes," said tho druggist
ne Saturday evening ns he banded a
few faded, worn, and soiled silver certificates to his clerk.
' .111 danger from that source," responded tho latter, "a microbe could
not livo on a drug-clerk's salary."
There wero some questions III geography required iu the preliminary ox*
laminations for law students who uspir-
| ed to admission to the bar. Among
them was —"Name ten animals that
live iu the Arctic zone." One young
man wrote: "FIvo polar bears and five
BQdIb. N.B.—Permit mo to call your attention to the fact that the question
does not specif v that the animals
should be of dlfforout varieties." Me
Henry Clews, at, a, dinner iu Newport,
Bald of American travelling:
I "It is delightful to travel in Ameri
ea, but T think thnt American porters
j handle our luggage a little too roughly.
I "Once, at a certain station, I was
amazed nm\ pleased to hear a uniform
ed official shout, to a burly porter:
"'Hi, what aro you knoekin' them
trunks about liko that for?'
"Tho porter had been lifting great
trunks abovo his head ami hurling them
down onto the floor furiously; but now
he stood stock-still tn astonishment.
" 'What's that, boss?' he said.
"'What do you mean by knoekin'
trunks about liko tnat?' repeated the
official. 'Look nt tne (loor, man. Look
nt the dents yon'ro making in the concrete. Don't you know you'll lose your
job if you damage tho company's property?' "
Doctor—"!   must   forbid   all  brain
Poet—"May I not write Borne
verses f"
Doctor—"Oh, certainly 1M
* »    *
"Hint's a smart thing I've done,"
suid tho doctor to his assistant.
"What's that, doctor?"
"I havo put my signature in tho
column 'causo of doath' in this doath
* a    #
Tho young man was disconsolate.
Said he: "1 asked her if I could see her
"Why, certainly," sho answered; "I
will send you a picture of it."
Kastus—"Want yo' tink is do mat*
tah wif me, doctah?"
Doctor—"Oh, nothing but the chicken-pox, 1 guess."
Kastus (getting nervous)—" I 'dure
on mah houah, doctor, I aia't been no*
whur L could Ketch dat I "
"What sort of a ticket does your suffragette club favor?"
"Well," replied young Mrs, Torkius,
"if wo owned right up, 1 think most of
us would prefer nintinee tickets."
* a     *
"I asked your husband last evening
If he ha l his life to live over again it
ho would marry you, and ho snid ho
certainly would.
"Ho certainly wouldn't,"
Montreal Mm So III, Thought He
Would Die Of Stomach
1 tiie ni
Shihh's Ciiiv
t-iiltt'*   tlnpa 1 'iu 'Ita,
1 '-kr- %t Kid Uu-Jo.
euro* iulilii   br>a\,
•   •   •      BA s<*au
Bland R., 2,03%, will go to the stud
at Vancouver, B.C.
Nat Fay won ton $1,000 stakes during the past season within Knight Onward.
It is reported that Brace Girdle,
2,06Vi', by Tregantle, will bo raced by
Tommy Murphy in li)B2,
U.S. Consul General Wm, H. Michael,
Calcutta, reports that American Horso
Breeders are overlooking a market in
India. Ho reports: "Tho breed of
horses to be had in Oregon, Wyoming
and Texas wouhl be well suited to hack
uses and for saddle purposes in India,
Dealers in horses might avail thom-
sclves of cheap freights in filling out
short cargoes of vessels returning direct to India from New York, Philade!-'
nhia and New Orleans. One owner of
large stock farms in Texas wrote me
that ho could supply any number of
such horses as I describe, but he let
tho matter drop at that point. If Argentina can supply horses suitable for
use in India, either bv tne army or in
dividuals, tho United States ought to
he able to do tho same thing,"
Tho performance of the double-gait-
ed horse Scnpegoat nt Philadelphia on
Nov. 4, when ho won the free-for-all
pace and tho Class C trot ou the sumo
afternoon over the Cnamounix Speedway, is mado more remarkable when it
is known that, for lack of timo to
change shoes, the horse was changed
from pace to trot merely by putting
four-ounce too weights forward and a
shift in boots—bell quartor boots and
scalpers in place of tho usual quarter
boots worn when on a pace. To balance
tho horse just right for trotting James
Brown, his driver, has found that it is
best to rig Scapegoat with a ten-ounce
shoe on the off hind foot and wear two-
ounce too weights forward, hut with
tho races coming so close together he
wns forced to put on the heavier toe
weights and let the hind feet remain as
they woro in tho pacing race.
After shipping his staole to I'ough-
keepsio from Lexington and buying
Prof. Sphinx, Tommy thought it time to
havo his bonos oxamined, and the result showed that since his spill at Columbus, noarly six weeks before, he had
been winning races and travelling
around with a disloeatod hip bone. This
was Fot in placo, as we?o also his broken ribs, but ho had hardly discarded
the plasters from his body when a horse
kicked him and displaced one of his
ribs. This injury was also quickly remedied, when lately another horse's
kick broke his arm, so that once more
ho is plustcrod up pretty liberally. He
Hnys ho is doing fairly well now, and
hopes to take his annual vacation in
the form of duck shooting on Long Island. This certainly looks like some
bad luck, but then Murphy must by
this time be used to broken bones and
occasional  idiakn-ups.
A press despatch from Detroit under
recent dute says .nnt the officials of
the Windsor (Out.) Pair Grounds nnd
Driving Park Association will try to
obtain Grand Circuit dates in 1012. As
tho Detroit Driving Club nml the state
fair will both probably apply again,
thero wil! be three Grand Circuit meetings in Michigan if nil nre successful.
As one turf enrrespondent said last
summer, it would seem that the state of
Michigan could support tho Grand Circuit Itself if need bo. As it was, four
uf the Bill Grand Circuit meetings
wero within the  wolverine state.
dust read what Mr. Lnrose says of
the curattvo powers of Dr, Hamilton's
"I suffered from dyspepsia and indigestion for five years. I Buffered so
much that I couhfhardly attend to my
work. I was weak and lust, all courage. 1 enjoyed no rest; until 1 decided
to follow your treatment. To my great
surprise I im mediately began to fuel
so well that 1 want ti) tell you that 1
owe this great change to your famous
pills. I recommend Dr. Hamilton's
I'ills to every person who is Buffering
from dyspepsia, Your grateful servant
I). R, La rose, IHIS ..Juliette St., Montreal, P.Q.
All who have weak stomachs, and
those who suffer from indigestion, head
aches, biliousness, enn be perfectly
cured by Dr. Hamilton's Pills. Successfully usod for mnny years, mild
and safe, 2;1e per box, all dealers, or
The Catarrhozone Co., Kingston, Ont.
vast audience, made a most monaciug
speech—and ho is ono of tho best platform speakers in tho Old Country—in
which he foreshadowed a determination
on the part' of Ulster Unionists not to
submit to Home Kule in any shape, and
to rofuso to pay taxes to any Home
Rulo government. Ono of tho Knglish
j.ory papers gleefully says that: "Sir
Edward Curson hns not promised more
than ho is able to perform." If that
be so, he must accopt tho responsibility
of bringing about in Ireland a state of
affairs which may become indistinguishable from civil war. Por the bigotry
which supports him there may be some
excuse, because it is associated with
But Sir Edward Cnrson himself, as
au ex-law officer of the Crown, knows
full well that tho right way to treat
a law of which oue mny not approve is
to agitato for its rcpcnl. However, it
is possible that the programme of rebellion, inflnmmatovy as it is, and is intended to be, mny, by its uppeal to racial and sectarian animosity, succeed
in defeating tho Home Rulo policy. If
so, it will be a curious oommentury on
civilization in tho United Kingdom
when force hus to bo recognized as the
only   unanswerable  argument.
Commissioner Rees, the local head of
the Salvation Army, has a very extcn
sivo sphere of oversight. He is the
commissioner not only for Canada, but
for Newfoundland, Bermuda, and Alas
ka as well. A Welshman by birth, ho
has been un ollicer in tho Salvation
Army for about thirty years aud hns
Berved in vnrious parts of the world.
For somo timo ho was in charge of the
Army's operations in Sweden. He had
a great deal to do with the inauguration of the Training IIoufo system
which has proved so mnrked a success.
Ono of his most marked characteristics,
says one of his oflicers, is that ho is a
thorough man among his oflicors—he
lives with his people. "lie would
think nothing of sweeping a hall for
his lieutenant." In addition, tho Commissioner has the advantage of a singularly attractive and sympathetic personality. Ho knows instinctively how to
make anvono feel at home with  him.
Sir Edward Carson, who is very much
to tho fore in Old Country politics just
now, as the leader nf the militant
PIstermen, addressed recently probably
the largest public meeting that hns
over been held in Ireland. There were
100,000 Orangemen und Tories in the
procession that welcomed him to Crai-
gnvor, near Belfast. Needless to say,
tho meeting wus held in opposition to
the pr<noised Home Rule bill of the Liberal government. Sir Edward, who met
with a  rapturous recoption   from   the
Ready-made Medicine.—You need no
physician for ordinary ills when you
nave at hand 11 bottle of Dr. Thomas'
Eclectrlc Oil. Por coughs, colds, sure
throat, bronehlnl troubles, it. is Invalu-
nble- for scalds, burns, bruises, sprnins
it. is unsurpassed, while for ruts, sores,
Ulcers and the like it is an unqt 1 s-
lonnblo henler. It needs no testi-
moniftl other thnn the use, nnd that will
satisfy anyone ns to its effectiveness.
Of Sir Alexander Mackenzie, the famous British composer, who recently
celebrated his sixty-fourth birthday.
Mr. Cyril Maude tells an amusing story.
Sir Alexunder composed tho music, for
Mr. Maude's production of "Tho Little
Minister," ut the Hnymnrkct, and he
found the rehearsals very trying. One
day ne came up to Mr. Maude, despair
written all over his face. " I say,
Maude,'' ho stammered, '' do you—do
you—confound it, do you mind if I
smash my hat/" At the end of the
run of "Tho Little Minister," nowevcr.
the management, to show their appro-
elation, sent Sir Alexander a very
handsome present, Tho composer has
an old and privilogcd servant, and
when the present arrived sho was sent
for to inspect it. She looked at it unmoved. " Deary me! ' was hor only
comment.   "What a waste of money!"
Uneven settling of a tall building on
a floating foundation in Chicago has
caused the building department of that
city some upprohension, particularly on
account of the fact that the columns
are of cast iron. Tlio Unity Building
is sixteen stories high, wns erected in
Jfl.U, rests on a grillage of I-beams 30
A Sure Corrective of Flatulency.—
When the undigested food lies in the
stomach it throws off gasses, causing
pains and oppression in tho stomach
region. The belching or eructation of
these gasses is offensive and tho only
wny to prevent them is to restore the
stomach to proper action. Parmelee's
Ve go table Pills will do this. Simple
directions .."> with each packet and a
course of them taken systematically is
certain to effect a cure.
to 40 feet below street grade, and has
settled D inches more on the south side
alongsido an alley than on tho other
sido adjacent to lower structures. The
uneven settlement hns thrown the top
.10 inches out of plumb. On Juno 10th,
1910, records indicated tho building
was 13 3-8 inches out of plumb at tbe
twelfth floor. Levels five days apart,
beginning August 14*.. showed a slight
settlement, but for tho next ton days
littlo movement was detected. Whilo
the building commissioner, Mr. Honry
Ericsson, says ho does not bclievo thore
is nny immediate danger, he had an investigation mudo by Messrs.' K. C.
Bhankland, Louis Rittor and Knrl L.
Lehman, who reported that tho building
was not iu a safe condition. In con-
sequence the owners wero notified by
the building department that the build
ing was in such un unsafe condition
us to endanger life, but by tho imme-
dinte application of precautionary nions
ures danger might be averted, Such
measures were ordered put into effect
as would place the building iu a safe
condition- Arrangements have already
beeu made by the owners to straighten
the building.
Mr. Logan W. Page, director of the
Unilod States Ollice of Good Roads, De
parlmeiit of Agriculture, is the inventor
of another new waterproof cement. This
ceineift, says the Scientific American,
is made by mixing oil with the ordinary
cements. The principle also applies
to mortars und concretes. It pro
duces a cement that, in the first place,
will hold water and may bo used for
such structures as water-tanks. Concretes that aro otherwise easily pone-
trated by wator become waterproof. A
lining of waterproof cement or concrete will make an otherwiso porous
structure watertight. Last May streets
woro constructed of oil-mixed con
creto, one in New York city, one in
Washington, and two bridge surfaces
in Ridgcwood, N.J. A few months ago
a vault ono hundred and live feet long
by eighteen foot wide was constructed
of this material iu the Treasury Department. The top was a flat reinforced concrete arch, and ns sufficient
tests in bond had not been made, ordinary concrete wns used to surround the
reinforcement. After it had set, three
inches of n 10 per cent, oil-mixture was
placed above. Tho vault has been perfectly waterproof under very trying
conditions. A large watertnnk construct-
ditions. A large water-tank constructed in tho Good Roads Laboratory with
a 10 per cent, oil-mixture is absolutely
waterproof. Kxtensivo experiments
made with oil-concrete in bnsement
floors have given excellent results up
to tho present time. No moisture enters the wulls of houses built of this
waterproof. Water poured on a basement floor mado of it will roll up in
globules instend of entering tho cement. Colonel Goethals, of Panama
Canal fame, is experimenting wilh it
as a material for building locks. It
promises to find extensive use in    the
Stops a Cough
Ry Breathing  the Soothing, Heallsg
Vapor of Catarrhozone All Throat
and Catarrhal Trouble la
Quickly Cured.
It's simply wondorful to think hew
quickly a bad throat or catarrh ean
be cured with Catarrhozone. Us rich
bnlsamic vapor is carried along with
the breath into the innermost recesich
of the lungs, bronchial tubes, and
chest, making it impossible for the
germ of any disease to live. Thun
soreness iu the chest is at onco alleviated—phlegm is loosened and eject
ed from the throat, old-standing coughs
are removed,
"I suffered from nn irritable, weak
throat for threo years.. I had a severe
cough, pain over the eyos, constant
bad tasto ln my mouth, and noises in
my ears. It was chronic catarrh. Nothing gavo permanent relief till I used
CatniThozouc. In ouo hour it relieved, and in a fow weeks drovo all trace
of catarrh from my system.
Lopez street, Kingston, Jn,"
KM UK UK THIS—You breathe
DZOno and it will euro any
ohest or bronchial cold. Lnrge
aranleed, costs $1.00, and lusU*.
ntliBj smaller ,sizcs, 25c and
aware of imitations and insist
nm tho Catarrhozone Co., Bof-
V., and Kingston, Ont.
building trades. As a new method ot
roaibnaking is urgently wanted in tbe
United Kingdom, now that tho motor
has come to stay, tho results of thif»
oil-mixed concrete will be watched with
interest by all concerned.
Makes ' Breathing Easy.—The con-
striction of the nir passuges and the
struggle for breath, too familiar evidence nf asthamatic trouble, cannot
daunt Dr. .1. 1). Kellogg's Asthma
Remedy. This is the famous remedy
which is known far and wide for its
complete effectiveness even under very
severe conditions. It is no untried,
experimental preparation but one with
many years of strong service behind
it.   Buy it from vour nearest dealer.
Two boys wero discussing a ma;> of
Iroland which they had been examin
ing. Said Harry: "But 1 thi.ik Dublin
should be higher up than they have it
thero—don't you think so?"
George replied: "Oh, no; you must
ho mistaken, Thoso maps aro quite re
liable. They're al! dono by latitude ami
longitude, you know."
Harry gave a doubtful nsFont. "I
suppose they're a tip-top firm, and
they ought to kuow."
Callahan: "Oi want to git a book u
put th' photographs nv nil me rolati¥e»
in. Oi think this wan will do."
Shopman: "But that isn't a family
album, sir; that Is u scrap-book."
Callahan: "Oh, that's all right.
young man; all nv me relatives were
Boria Palace iu Genoa, whore Verdi
lived at oue timo, is little associated
in these days with the sea rover who
gave the palace his name, Andrea
Uoria, supposed to have been a native
of Genoa, fought against, his country
in the service of Praacis L of Prance.
Subsequently he deserted the Preneb
and went over to the Spanish-Austrian
party, thereby checking tho progrew*
of l'Yeneh arms iu Italy. He drove the
French out of Genoa in 1028, and wa*
made doge, or chief magistrate.
Step it'ln 30 minutes, without any harm to tnjr part ol your system, by taking
"NA-DRU-CO" Headache Wafers 2!edr;£1;,,"'"
Cun be handled very i'nnily. The tick are cured, and nil other- ii
biiiik' stable, nu mutter how "exposed." kept from having the din
ease, hy using SPOHN'S LIQUID DISTBMPEH CI'UK. (Jive ab
tile tongUfl or iu food. Acts <>n the blood und expelfl germs of sll
forms of distemper. One bottle guaranteed to i-ure one euse. fto*
and $1 a bottle; $!i and $10 do/eu, of dnn-L-iMs- -,mi hamcR*
deiileru. Cat hIiowk how to poultice throats. Our free hooklfi
gives everytliinc. Largest selling horse remedy iu ox 1st once-
flrt--i-.il   mn.    DISTRIBUTORS:   All  Wholesalo Drug Houses.
SPOHN MEDICAL CO., Chinllts nd lictir|ili|liti, 80SHEI, IND., 0. t. >
Owing to bo much unfavorable weather, many farmers over Weatern
Canada have gathered at least part of their crop touched by frost ot
otherwise weather damaged. Flowever, through the large shortage in
corn, oats, barley, fodder, potatoes and vegetables, by the unusual heut
and drought of last summer in the United States, Eastern Canada and
Western Kurope, there is going to be a steady demand at good price*
for all the grain Western Canada has raised, no matter, what its quality
may be.
So much variety in quality makes it impossible for those lesH ei
perienced to judge the full value thst ahould .«■■ nhtaineri for auch Brain
therefore the farmer never sto. d more In need of the services of tbe
experienced and reliable grain commission man to act for aim, in the
looking after aud selling of hia. grain, than he does this seasun.
Farmers, you will therefore do well for yourselves, not to accept
street or track prices, but to ship your grain by carload direct to Port
Utjlliam or Port Arthur, to be handled by us in a way tbat will get
for you all there is in it. We make liberal advances when desired, on
receipt of Shipping bills for cars shipped. We never buy your grain on
oiir own account, but act as your agents in selling it tn the best advantage for your account, and we do so on a fixed commission ef lc per
•S We have made a specialty of this work for many years, and are
woll known over Western Canada for our experience in the grain trade,
reliability, careful attention to our customers' interests, and promptness
in making settlements.
We invite farmers who have not yet employed us to write to us for
shipping instructions and market information, and in regard to our
standing in the. Winnipeg Grain Trade, and our financial position, we
beg to refer you to the Union Dank of Canada, and any of its branches,
nlso to the commercial agencies of Bradstreets and It. O. Onn k Co.
703 Y Grain Exchange Winnipeg THE ISLANDER. CUMBERLAND. B.C.
I take up now a comparison (suggested by Mr. Kdison's views between the
American und the Kuglishuiuu as a
smoker. Hore, I think, the English-
inun is much more rational and Belf-
controlled than tho American. I. un-
ilurstund from his own account that Mr.
Misou in what is called in America
a "chain smoker." I never saw an
Knglish in a u who was u "chain smoker"
-not one. 1 have known several who
smoked a good deal, but never one who
lit ouo cigar ufter another, and then
went on continuously for hours, Tho
tobacco heart, which helped, I bol*ovc,
lo kill poor President McKillloy. is not
,i diseubo known much in Kngland- except among .lows, especially uf (forma.t
origin, who havo an incessant desire
for smoking.
1 don't buppOBQ the timo over existed
iu America when Bin ok leg wns regarded
with horror, hut 1 romombor the tbuo
well in Ireland whon a young ninn who
bogan smoking was regarded as faking
tlm lirst stop towards tho ruin of his
body and his soul. The plpo and tli"
board camo m together in England, thoy
both made themselves from the necessities imposed on tho British ollicer
nnd soldio*' by the terrible hardships
of tho winter campaign in tho south
of liu^sia. In tho old House of Commons every man was eleau shaven except tlio soldiers. To wear a moustache- was to announce to the world
iu thoso days thnt'yo" belonged to the
army. Uaniol O'Cnnnell had a very
tierce opponent—au Orangeman—called
Colonel Bibthorpo,
(Jno day it occurred to Sibthorpo to
nut oil* his inoustcho. O'Coiuioll po
lortcd to an attack of Sibthorpo's by
professing not tt) reeogni/.e him now
|\ thut ho lmd "tnkon down Ins sign-
'■■ board." And similarly Ihe.e were pro
bnldv few men in the otd LToilSd who
evor'touched tobacco.
'ihoro survived to my day some of
ihe old Parliamentarians who never
would look at a cigar. Gladstone was
know.il to have smokod only one in his
lifo, and that was when King lvlwnrd-—
then i'riuco of Wales-was dining with
him. And Gladstone then mado a pretence of smoking a eigarottoj it wus a
liolito wav of telling ihe prince, who
loved tobacco, that he wns free to enjoy himself.
Tobacco was one of tlie things thnt
helped to kill the Into King, but, nil
iho same, it should be remembered in
compensation that if was his introduction of the cigar immediately after dinner that helped to redeem Knglish so-
,-ioty largely from the habit of overdrinking at dinner time,
Boforo h'm ilny, the guests at a din-
" nor used to remain drinking for a long
time after the ladies had left the tuble.
'Iho Prince of Wales, lighting up the
moment dinner was over, broke down
Ihis habit, and iu that way arrested
greatly the huge consumption of port
which then used to follow aftre eating
was over. And this reform the late
King helped to make has extended so
far that the army has become now in
tensely sober. Ln one of the Guards'
. lubs in London, barley water usod t"
bo supplied gratis, but the demand for
it became so great among these modern
'.uardKiucu that now barley water is
charged for.
Lord Salisbury also shared Mr. Gladstone's dishiic for tobacco. There was
not, I believe, till his dying day a
smoke room at Hatfield. In the case
of Hawardeu Castle there was never u
smoke room till Herbert Gladstone came
of age, and he, being nn inveterate
smoker and a modern young man, innn-
.igod to rig up a small smoke-room iu
Home remote part of his father's liouso.
Mr. Frederic Harrison, one of our great
list mon of letters today, preaches
.'jguiiirst tobacco ns one of the great
-arses of society.
Ono day, some months ago, 1 entered
i carriage in a railway train, in which
sat tho great essayist. lie uskod me
anxiously before I entered' whether I
smokod, ami was not happy till I in
formed him that smoking was not
:imong iny many vices. .(oka Bright,
■ in tha other hand, was all his life a
vory determined smoker. He usually
smoked a big mersclmnni pipe, but he
also loved a cigar. When he was in
Iho House of Commons, you very seldom found him in the chamber itself.
Por years before his death he had that
curious nervous horror of speaking
whirh overcomes ever men of greal' ont
foriciil ability after a certain time of
life. Once after his lieree flghl against
the Crimean War, when lie was mobbed
in sevoral towns, Bright was for a while
threutonod with softening of the brain,
and ho never, I believe, gid over the
injury to his nervous system, though
ho did nol make mnny of his grontost
npooches after that epoch,
He nspd to say that whon he was
templed to speak he always was fright
on Of] by flu; thought tlmt he would Fall
down the moment he got ou liis logs—tt
not unusual terror with men who have
io do an escessivo aimmnt of spoil king.
Many old electioneers have told nie uf
Ihe name 'ti-rr.ii'- ami it is one from
which I myself havo suffered whetl long
months of campaigning have brought
me down to nervous wenkness. Bright
was naturally a man to love smoking.
lie was a lethargic man—never was
capable of drudgery, uml he used often
fo say that the one ambition id! his life
■was a passionate desire to do nothing,
Ho never road a bill through and ever
mastered the details of anything. Thus
he was a failure ns a minister, and
th.ru also he was the greatest orator of
modern limes iu Kngland—for it added
to his effectiveness, especially ns a pint-
form orator, that he drew all his pictures iu simple, broad lines, easily understood by the people,
Toduy the majority of politicians aro
smokers, nml often political teetotalers
compensate for tlieir ubstemtion from
alcohol by extra devotion to tobacco.
Mr. Lloyd Georgo is a great smoker, so
, i« Winston Churchill, and tho oue man
who smokes bigger cigars than Mr. As*
cjuith ii* Lord ItoSobery. Joseph Cham*
borlain used to bo an immense smoker
and nlway smoked gren't big cigars. I
believe excessive use nT tobaeco, as well
'if; hard work and excitement, helped to
break down his health. Hut the most
constant smoked uf my time iu the
House of Commons wus Lubby. Ho
never had a vigarette out of his mouth
if he could help it.
It ivu.-,, curiously enough, his one pus
sion, and one seli-indulgouto. 'Iho extraordinary man, always wealthy and always able to have anything lie liked,
had simpler tastes than must peasants.
He rarely touched wine, and when ho
did it wns a glass of cluret uud wator,
aud this hu took with palpable dislike
aad unusually either because he wus
ordered by his doctor to do so, or bo
cause ou me (Joutiuent ho tnougnt wine
less dangerous than wuter. As to fund,
he best described his feelings by this
anoedoto. He returned unexpectedly
liuum to the charming riverside hOUSO
he hud on the Thames—Pope's famous
villa—and found that there was no dinner ready for him. "(Id to the nearest
hum and beet shop,' ho snid, quite
su.oiiely to the utlrighted butler, "and
got mo somo slices of ham uud beef."
And then he said, "I enjoyed this
so much thut 1 seriously thought of
dismissing my cook." 1 havo soon
him, when 1 slopped with them iu
Pope's villa, gulping down un egg uml
a cup id' tea iu two minutes and then
Immediately put a cigarette in his
mouth, and a cigaretto was there every
moment afterwards throughout tho day.
When he was a member of the House
ot Commons he never could remain in
nis sent mote than ti quarter of tin
hour; he lmd to rush oil' to the smoke-
rooms to have a whiff of his cigaretto.
it is his temperance in eating and
•iriuklng flint njjeounts for (he astonish-
.ug fact that he is still alive ami well,
.md enjoying himself ufler his fashion
in '''lorem-e, fer he has burled two
gouoratious of hard livers.
It is difficult to realize, but it is
true, lhal this tuaii knew Daniel Webster iiilinmlely before the war, and
gives some inside stories of Hint brilliant orator thai do nol figure in print.
And iL is also incredible, but t.ue, that
Labby knew Bismarck iu the days when
as Prussian Minister iu Frankfort, His*
march wns unknown outside the world
of diplomacy, and Labby gives racy
descriptions of Bismarck when the obscure Prussian squire was chiefly re
oturkablo for his contemporaries by his
love of all-night fittings and copious
mugs of beer.
It is perhaps even more incredible,
but it is nlso true, tnat Lady Labby
knew the dobaucho nobleman who Htood
for tho portrait of the Marquis of
8 toy ne in i hackerny and Lord Monmouth in Disraeli's novels. Finally
Labby was the employer and manager
of :i theatre in London, of Henry Irving, Charles U'yndhiuu, Klleu Terry,
and scores of others. "And to think."
snid Henry Irving to Labby one night
when, at the very top of his profession,
Irving sat at the head of a banquet he
was giving to nil who were distinguished in Loudon, "thut 1 was once getting
five pounds a week from you." "Three
pounds, llenrv," said Labby.—T. P.'s
Kurlyday settlers in any state were
u litigious lot, and a search of old re-
curds produces plenty of evidence that
they were continually suing about trifles which ure seldom brought into court
nowadays. Nashville, in 1704, gave
Andrew .laeksun plenty of court work.
Out of 307 cases he acted as counsel
iu 228, while at the same time practicing his profession iu tho courts of other
counties. Curiously enough, the musty
tomes of many frontier com muni ties
reveal the penchant which many had
for libel and slander suits, bused upon
evidence which today would be considered  ridiculous.
"There are no fossil men," exclaimed the great Cuvier just a century ago,
and with this dictum settled definitely,
as ho supposed, the question of man's
origin. How far we have progressed
iu the contury that has since passed is
well sel forth in a summary of archaeological discovory, appearing serially in
recent numbers of the Naturwisscu-
schaftllcho Wocbcnschrift, by Dr. H.
vou Huttel-Keepeii of Oldenburg.
The fou mint ions of modem archaeology may, indeed, be said to have been
laid only with the discovery of the
Noundortal skull in I860, so'that our
entire knowledge of prehistoric man is
lie tu ally but fifty years old. This discovery, one of the most Important of
tin- kind ever made, wns nearly coincident wilh the publication id' Darwin's
work, so tlmt the progress of nrchae-
ology and of modern biological science
can be suid lo have moved ha ml In
hand. The Nettiulortnl skull wns a mosl
remurknble specimen, iu Hint it WUS
clearly  the skull of a  man, while mure
npe-llko than that of uny existing man,
and having a bruin capacity about midway between that of man and that of
the higher apes. Its peculiar physical
features, differentiating it from lliosa
of uny previously known human skull,
were the extraordinary orbital ridges,
the low retreating forehead, and its
long narrow shape, Derided at first is
merely the skull of a• modern degenerate, its discovery wns followed iu succeeding years by tlmt of n whole race
of Nenndettiil men, and as tho mists
which enshroud recent geologicnl lime
have cleared away, wo have como to
distinguish successive epochs moro on
less closely correlated with thoso of
tho Quaternary and Tertiary periods, iu
which one race ufter another occupied
the European lands, and ono of the
longest of which, covering 200.000 t>
500,000 years, is allotted to the Nean-
dertal  race.
But long before Hint time, far buck
into the Pliocene, nnd, as it is claimed
by some, even into the Miocene and
Ollgoceno divisions of the Tertiary—a
time when the faco of bind and water
presented an utterly difi'erent aspect
from the present, when a great seu extended across the centre of Kurope nnd
Asia, when none, or few, of the present
mountain systems hud begun, and wheu
the now temperate lunus were tropical
iu thoir fuunu and lloru—relics havo
buou found which suioly indicate the
existence, of tho tool-uluKlng animal—
chipped flints, termed eulilhs, many of
Which are unquestionably of artiuciul
origin, whilo many outers uu duuOt uie
puioly accidental. Some more or loss
Miiiiuu race must have inhabited Kurupe
iiuuughuut tho .Pliocene; aud hero we
mil Ufoii the romui'Kubio Java liud ol
Dubois, consisting ot the remains ot
iho so-called ape-man oi Juvu (Pithecanthropus oroctus), winch is assigned
to ihe Ond ot the rnocuno, ur beginning
of the Pleistocene j ana which is tar
more primitive iu chuiacter ovon thau
the jNeanuoitul typo, having but two-
thirds tho brain cupm-uy ui thu lattar,
iu so much that it is still disputed wuc
ther the ioniums uie that ol uu upu-U-to
mun, ur ut u man-like ape. And this is
not all, ior a new aud suange auiUro-
puiuotphuus I'm in was recently louud
by M. Schlosser in the Ohguccno ot
i.gypt, a form which ho calls Prupliu-
pituoouB, uud pronounces "ancestral
not only for alt too Milium-} (true apes),
but presumably uisu of tho liomiuius
(ancestors of man)." 'iiio Oiiguceue
is reckoned to have dosed around (i,-
UU0,UUU yours ago, and it theso deductions uro correct our uncostly ia traced
back into prehistoric ages a fat greater
period of time than uvea must scientists
have hitherto dined to imagine,
Lato iu the Quaternary* at the close
of the third iceinvusiuu, the -.Sounder*
laleis aie lirst soon to bo on thu decline, uud were superseded by n succession of other races, ono of which, tho
so-cailod Looss-huiucis, havo been
Hound abundantly fussilizod iu Europe.
'ihis raco was much moro modern than
the Neundortal tribe, being about the
samo average height (5 loot 7 inches),
but more- lightly ami gracefully built;
they ure known to have lived largely
en meat, uml tu havo hunted ■end tod
especially upon tho wild horses wiii-Mi
then covered the plains, The -\cvuloi'-
lul race hud been a stationary ono,
malting no sensible progress, und thoir
later eulilhs aie practically indistinguishable from tho earlier ones; but
iium this period ou, wo soo u development becoming more rapid, first uf art,
and then uf industry. To about tho
same timo as tlio Luess-huntors belong
the Grtmnldlans, found in southern
liVanco and tho Pyrenees, to whom aro
ascribed certain carved images of human beings having physical characteristics markedly in common with tho
fiiodorn Hottentots, 'the Loess-hunters
aro not supposed tu belong to the same
BtocK us tho Nen udortu tors, and tho
Cro-Muknouians, which in turn superseded tho former, are supposed by somo
tu hnvo been a cross between the Loess-
hunters and Nonudortttlors, This lust
raco, assigned to tho lust ice-period, is
known by many finds in central and
southern France and tho Pyrenees, anil
is responsible for the remarkable cave-
drawings of mammoths, bisons, uud
other contemporary animals which have
beeu long known to archaeologists, and
reproduced in text-books us the work
uf palaeolithic man..
'* I 've found a new usu for those
gramophone records you bought last
week, uud which cost such a lot of
nnmey," said his wife.
"How clever yuu nro!" he exclaimed.   "What is your latest?"
"Ill the lirst place," she begun, "1
hold u skotn of wool ovor my arms, tie
one end of the wool on a reel, place tho
reel on the gramophone pin, and then
start the machine. The wool is wound
up in uo time."
Tho fond husband gushed iu admiration.
"Hut that it not all," she continued.
"To-morrow I shall place a little bath-
brick on one cud of the records, start
the gramophone, uml so clean the
Ho is still gaping.
Pour hundred millions uf Chinese contribute heavily to the undertaker every
year. Railway constructors tire especially aware of this, for one uf the most
troublesome obstacles iu tho wuy of industrial progress in China is the presence uf the old graveyards. A Chinaman reveres his ancestors in direct proportion to the time they have been dead
ami some of them, if tho translations
uf inscriptions ure to be believed, have
been dead fur a prodigious while.
The muu who can go uut uud claim
is his own a mound that bears uu in-
ii-ription auto-dating the Christian era
i few hundred years has no need to
seek distinction'.through literary or olli-
oittl channels. lie is a made man, and
his descendants will continue to bo
''made,'' until somo railroad comes
along nnd  obliterates his "maker."
There tire nu condemnation proceed
ings iu China, howovor, aud the man
wlm doesn't care to accept a monetary
salvo for tho injury tu his footings
caused by the obliteration of his ancestral tablets, cannot bo forced by "public expediency'' to move the sacred
ashes by which he sets BO much store.
Tlie Instance of tho Russian railroad
frum Harbin to Port Arthur, which
made a twenty six mile detour to avoid
(lie ancient Mnnchu tombs nt Mukden,
has nften been cited tn show the expense uud trouble that may arise from
this cause. This was many years ago,
and there seems to bo a popular idea,
even among the old foreign residents of
China, that the way of tho builders of
railways is much easier now than then.
As a matter of fact, since peoplo aro dying right along und the number of
graves increase as a consequence, it is
very doubtful if the conditions ure not
becoming worse rather than better. The
ineso have accepted the railroad as a
convenience iu transportation, not ns a
destroyer uf their beloved graves. They
have shown the greatest readiness to
patronize, once it is built, but they
never have, ami never will, ceaso putting obstacles in the way of a line that
disturbs so much as a s-ingle isolated-
ancestral resting place.    .
Most nf fhe concessions granted by
the Chinese government stipulate that,
...   far us possible, graves uf all classes
shall  be left undisturbed, und  to   the
rodit of the foreign coucossiotmiries, it
may bo said that, even wheu involving
heavy losses of time und money, thoso
agreement hnvo boon, for tho most
part, scrupulously observed in spirit as
well ns iu letter.
'Iho Knwluuu railroad will presently
givo tho hiulorlund of Hong Kong rail
coniinuuicution with Europe, via Po*
Kin, Manchuria, and Siberia. It is the
most expensive piece of railway construction in tho oust, its twenty-two
miles of almost continuous euts, fills,
and tunnels having cost in the vicinity of thirteen million dollnrs (Mexican) per mile.
Sir Frederick Lugard, the governor of
Hong Koiig, tells the following story
of one of the bridges which was built
higher and longer than to tho Westerner would eoetn necessary,
"A littlo cluster of horsoslioe-shupod
hollows focod with concrete weio a
cuuple of hundrod yards on the downstream side of tho bridge. Thoy were
tho earthly resting-places of the ancestors of the hcadiuan of tho little village
around the bend, uud thu oldest of them
dates back I dou't know how many centuries. Now, on the other side of the
bridge, there wus a temple and a nine*
story pagoda, bo tho "fengshui" has
it thut unless a man sitting uu the topmost grave down there has a clour
view from the bottom to tho top of
that puguilu, none of tho spirits of the
departed housed thoroiibuuts can huve
rest. By on unlucky chance tho bridge
comes in between, and because wo
couldn't build it low enough for them
to see over it, we hud to built it high
enough for them to see under it. The
change cost in tho vicinity of $50,000."
At SoochOW, all of tlio ground necessary for tho orection of railway shops
was secured, with the exception of u
single small square iu one corner, the
owner of which steadfastly refused to
sell for nny consideration on tho plea j
that the building to bo erected would
cast au '' unlucky'' shadow un some I
houses in the adjoining compound,
Which he also chanced to own. The |
right of wny man had about given up
in despair, when the Chinese vice-president of tlio company heard 'of tho difficulty und promptly stopped in and
tool; a hand, ile visited the geoninu-
cer himself, to return with :i rough
drawing of a cheap frame building
which hu ordered to be put up at once
on n sput which ho selected only after
a whole day of pacing, calculating, und
The new building, tall, slender, and
very shaky was erected iu a couple of
days, and no sooner was it completed
than the owner of the desired property
called on the right of way man and of-
foreil tu soil out at onco. The latter,
having had his instructions from the
vice-president, began scaling his offer, ultimately buying the land for less
than half of his original bid. The reason ior tho owner's change of mind wns
that the new building was so placed
ind designed as to cast an "unlucky"
shadow on the house which occupied
the desired lot, making it impossible
for him either to live in it himself or to
(ind a tenant to occupy it.
Of course, when it is imperative, for
topographical or other reasons, that a
lino should take a certain course, means
have to bo adopted which will,render j
the owners of conflicting graves willing
to sell.     A hundred dollars is consider-,
ed a fair price for an "unimproved"j
grave of no special  antiquity, and  if
the owner of ono which stands in the'
way   of a  railroad  seems  disposed  to
stand  out  for  ft  higher  figure,  he   is!
quietly ignored, while the   grading is
carried up to both sides of his holding
aud stopped.    Then  the  constant puss-
'ug to und fro of    the    workmen, the
screech of the construction engines und
tiie presence of   the "foreign devils"
seem never to fall to convlnco the ro-
alcitraut that the spirits of his ancestors will rest more quietly in a cheaper
uid less crowded locality.
Many of tho foreign educational in-
■titutions of China have beeu years ac*
piiring the hind for their grounds, un
tccount of the reluctance of certain
grave owners to sell, und the blue
print maps of sumo of tlieir holdings re-1
mind one of the drawing of the original "-Gerrymander" Congressional
listrict in Massachusetts. The Canton
Christian College, iu South China, has
i striking monument to tho obduracy
of a solitary grave holder in the form
of an upright cylinder of yellow clay
in the middle of the basketball held.
Not the desecrating touch of the foot of
the hated "foreign devils," not the turmoil of the mud games that surge
around it, not even the fact that its'elevated crest is occasionally utilized by
an irreverent student as' a coign of
vantage from which to toss a goal, has
led the old wimian who owns it to
accept the generous offer made her by
the college authorities fur her littlo
"six foot of soil."
Tho obvious thing for the college
authorities to do would bo to pay a
visit to the geoiuaneers und arrange
that the old lady should be instructed
that tho "fengshui" decreed that her
late husband would rest with mure
tranquility In some other place; but a*
mtbtloty uf this kind is hardly iu the
line of a christian Institution, it is nol
unlikely thai the strange looking cylinder of yellow <day may star the campus
basketball Held until the game old
widow is herself numbered with her ancestors.
Cromatlon, which, according to Marco
Polo, wus practised by some of the
Chinese in the thirteenth century,
would prove the logical and practical
solution of the increasingly acute problem of tho disposal of China's dead.
Cremation, however, is opposed tn the
present principles of the general run of
tho people, who believes that unless the
whole body goes intact into tho next j
world it will nut be nble to re assemble
itself for the following reincarnation.
Most of tho Christian institutions are
encouraging cremation quietly and unobtrusively, and it is not impossible
that the adoption of tho saving practice may como with the spread of tho
foreign religions.
The diflerenee that the universal
practice of cremation during tho last
couple of centuries would have made in
the economic welfare of tho country
of today is incalculable, and it is earnestly to be hoped that it tnay bo resorted to by high and low, by priest
uid layman alike, before the country's
lead have crowded the living into tho
British Bluestockings Training
to be Farmers
(Special to The Star Weekly)
LONDON, November 4, 1911.
It has long been u mutter of contention among travellers as to which sido
of tho Atlantic can boast tho bost out-
»or women. Despite tlio chums of
Franco aud u"r valiant brown peasant
women, common consent haQ eliminated
the claims of France, and premiership
in this direction hns never been scri
ously thought of for the hausfraus of
This loaves Kngland in tho field alono
against the transatlantic competition.
And despite the fame of the liuiucsteud
,rirls uf Western Canada, aud the snow
girls of tho Kustern Provinces, the
sporting and out door pre-einiueiico of
tlio daughters of Morris Kngland is still
unshaken. Lutoly fliey havo been striding the Scottish moors in rough tweed
'acket and square-toed boots, gun ovor
boulder, trad the flush of tho rood
Sndch wind iu thoir fuces, quickened
with Hie sporting spirit of the great
OUt-dOOrs. Diana of the British uplands
is claimed by her admirers ou this side
anyway to be !..«. quoen of tho world's
England is fighting her claims to the
vote und will light thom fur a long
time yet. Hut voto or no vote, Knglish womon aro pressing forward ior
tlieir "place in the sun." The extremists are still noisily demanding symbols
of equulity like tho vote, but lots of
steady, earnest Englishwomen havo set
out in dead on most to win its reality
by making good in the fundamental and
necessary occupations of life.
Tho common mun who doos not care a
rap for woman suffrage, for instance,
appreciates the womnn(farmor tremendously. Anybody can talk to the looso-
niindcd crowd nf the modern city, but it
lakes pluck and health uud organization
and lots of other solid attributes to run
u farm,
Thero is a farm in Kngland wdiore women nre trying to learn these elements.
It is in Oheckoiidon, a tiny little place
nmong the Chiltorn Hills in Oxfordshire, and is known all the country
round us the "women's farm." Jt is
known all the country round, too, as a
successful farm. Ils milk and eggs and
potatoes and poultry and what not else
aro reckoned as line products ns any
that como oul of the Thames valley
througn till its frultiul extent.
Miss K, Kate Le Lachour is the principal of the women's farm, and see is
ji woman who is a great deal more
Knglish than her name. Shu is a graduate of Newnham College, the women's
"annex" of Cambridge University, and
her fominism is sufficiently nttested by
a large wooden sign marked "Votes for
Women," displayed prominently ou the
porch—Hie first detail that a visitor to
tho farm is likely to take in, Her present occuputioo, however, is not in getting votes for womon, but in providing
work for womon, and this she does with
u vengeance. At present there are'
about 2i) students nt the farm—there
arc 50 when it is running in the regular sununer term time—and their programme is a vory rigorous ono. Up in
the morning at seven, they sit down to
tea when six o'clock comes, a lot of
very hungry farmers uud tired enough
to relieve Miss Le Lacheur of the
trouble of making any social arrangements for the evening. Mind you most
of these are girls of culture, "bluestockings" from the universities or
delicately reared daughters of the cities,
so their grit is nil the more notable.
There is not even a niuvhig**pieturo
palace at Chockondon, uo dunces, no
revels on the modern village green; nothing but a hundred a'eres of very profound silence. Home of the womon farmers stay at the neighboring cottages,
others fix up cots In the spacious back
yard of the farm; but wherever they
stay, none of them have yet complained
of insomnia. They learn one thing at
least at Checkenilnii uy dint of this
feminine wrestling with the bounty nf
the earth—how tu sleep.
.Miss Le Lacheur explained the women's farm. "Our original idea," she
snid, "was to train girls to take up
farms nt homo, but now many of our
pupils aim for America and tlie colonies us soon as they are- finished with
fhe course. .So what the enterprise
really comes to is fitting Knglish girls!
for life iu the new countries. And you I
must know at the start that tbey nil
get on; not one to my knowledge tlmt
we have really sent out thoroughly
equipped has found the fanning proposition too hard fur her.
".Most of our amateur farmers come
from the city," she continued in answer to a question, "The occupations
open In women nowadays are all too
sedentary, and thousands ul' typists and
clerks 'slogging' along in thoir sttilfy
shops nnd ofilcQS would give anything
fur wurk that would bring them uut on
the green grass with a view in front of
them and good, eanuy work to do tn-
sleud of clacking typewriters and adding up figures nil day.
"Don't g(i away wilh the idea tbrft
the work at this farm is a dream, We
do everything ourselves and we rely nn
more than our air and our view to cultivate a healthy spirit of enterprise. Ex*
act Information and hard work ure our
inottos. Our poultry instructor, the only
mnn on the place, has been on the
staff of the University College Poultry
farm at Bending, and tho women who
study with us carry nwny un expert
knowledge of incubating, breeding,
feeding, und housing, laying, stock and
table rearing, marketing and elementary carpentry before we allow them to
tuke up a poultry farm.
"One of our students is soon going to
Canada to stnrt nu a dairy farm in
Athabnskn. She had to learn how to
milk dvu cows—she was a typist when
sho came to us—clean up, and get them
safely in the sheds for the night within
au hour before sho could 'pass.' Then
she learned filtering, cooling, nnd setting, nil nbout cream raising, butter
making, pasteurizing, the use and care
of the utensils, milk testing, and finally
how to make good clotted Devonshire
cream nml cream cheese. That is a curriculum for yuu, isn't it ?
"These are only two departments of
the  work,  however,  liesides  those the.
girls can also loam to repair engine*
uud farm machines, haymaking and cutting, the cultivation of all sorts of garden truck, und several crops ai well—
the product of the 10-acro potato field
bore this out—while cooking, cleaning,
and all the other departments, of country housekeeping ure taught iu our kitchen. Can vou think of anything we
dun't do J"
She shouldered tho suck of potatoes
she had beon busily sorting whilo talking, nud marched toward a cart drivei
by two "mere mon," who wore apparently allowed to help us laborers.
Lady: "What! Two and throe a dos
on for oggsl Why, that's moro tu»
twopence for ono egg!"
Grocer: "Well, mum, you must remember thnt oue egg is a whole day's
work for ono hen."
£$TA8USHEO t88S^^^//f
Cor. Portage Ave. and Fort St.
Awarded irst prize at World's Eu
position on its work and methods.
Write for a free catalogue.    Wealai
five instruction by mail
am b«cured, not merely of tha habit, but
of Its camo, Tlio Arnott Institute haa permanently restored natural speech to ihou-
unda-'tl daine it to-tiay. Write lor hilt
Information and references to || I
THE MmiT INSTITUTE.      BERLtlt. OUT., Cl».
Beef Hides
to ns aud get 20 per eent.
more for them thau at home.
Write to us for our new
price lint S and we will mail
you one free. Watch this
ad. weekly.
We solicit your shipments
for Beef Hides, Raw Furs,
Wool, Tallow, Seneca Uoot,
Horse Hair, Sheep Pelts, «tc.
North-West Hide
& Fur Co.
278 Rupert St     Wfnniptf,, Nu.
Well, Well!
>*l dyed ALL these
of Goods
•j~^^-r- oiith 'he SAME •>»«•
' I used
CLEAN and SIMPLE to Use.
Mi. hence or using tho WRONG Dye for the n-iotli
om' hu* lo color. Ail i-ninr *. from vi»ir I»rm[—I•*.r or
llt-akf. WXK Color Card nnd STOIIY H.«>*.lctle.
Tilt!   I'.liii*.nii-Ui, li iiilii>ii  Cm..  I.liuKril, Mdiifrrj],
The easy-shining stove polish
in tlie big cun. Not a powder,
which must be mixed witli water
—nor a hard cake, which must be
scraped but a soft paste, ready to
use, that gives a brilliant polish
with a few nibs.
Equally good for stoves, pipes,
grates and ironwork.
If your dealer does not carry
"Mack Knijit" Stove Polish,
send u-; hia name mid ioc. and
we will send a full size tin by
return mail. 3^
Tl-.e TT. Dalley Co. Mmitf d»Bnmllton, Onl.
Makersof tlu-fiimoui"2fiil"Sltoerol!sh. THE rsLAUtvfitl. Oi'Miv
■'    I      II 	
»■»■■■*. *. *-»■*■—.-
. Decorator, Paperhanger
Ri'sidci etc, I'fiii'iili rVvt'ime
Guiuhprliiwl,    13. •'.
i ..i     p,
i n i .1"
i,|.|.|y    ..   Mi-    K
•.I [iirtVi.-
li lol.
!. 0,
OH SA1.R    Forty hives fit I	
I si II vlionp,    Applj i» Eil Oreeoh
For every 50 cents cash paid entitles
the prizes we are giving away on
you to one ticket for
New Year's Eve.
Phone 31     THftQ
Dunsmuir Ave.   A aAV/IsJ.
§um£erfcm& §afc.
HieM«RD8jt JgeK. p^opruiiirti.
When you went a gocdchuce mesil cooked to
the King's taste give us a call     ....
Having sold my hicyole business,
nil accounts due must bo paid to hie.
Those   having accounts will    rentier
HlltllU   to  .lie,
E. C. Em nn.
DAVIS & WHELAN,    Props.
N iicl* i» hureby given thnt the n-suiv.
ex a Ing by ruiwoii of .the notioe p.il.lishe
ii 'In- British C-lumbU G-tfcettuof llu
27th Deoember 1U07, covering a parcel ul
Uml s-t tint I'd nu Redoildft Island, furim*
ny held under Timber License Nu. 4*1043,
which haa IttpBt-d, ia cancelled* nnd tin
anid ln> da will hu upon to location nft-1
nidnight on the nth Duiwinber 1011.
Duputy Mil list et ol Land.
Department of Landa, Victoria, B. C.
Septembei 12th, 1011.
nep23 dcc23
The  huniiiii meeting  of  the  C mox
Oiumneiy Arm em-inn L'.l , will lie heh
in iIn   A noultitral  Hall. CuurtHiiiy, ni
Thursds-y, Jwi'y., 18 h, 1912 at 8 p. in.
'A ii.   Duncnn, Secretar)
The annual m« ettng nf thu Onmox Onn*
servrfiive Asti-cUtl*-!) will I..- held in tin*
Ajiiuiiluril Hill .C urtetmy, on Mnin
dny, .lan'y., 1U12, at 8 y m.. All Con-
servntivea in the Valley are requesto d In
attend, Wm. Duncan, Secretary.
FOUND—WrdnmdH) evening, nn the
C u t< ui y Cniutii-ih i.il oad, >t hid)'
iiiuir. 0 wit-i fun hnve Hivinu bj npiilyii *•
tu F N. B x 380, Cumbei-l-nd P 0 and
|myiiii» for this advertisement dei'23
. . STORE . .
CLOTHING-For one week only. Stock reduction sale continues. #0 percent discount. Come
and see the stock, nothing but the best. Coppley
Noyes <G Randall's Famous Clothing for men and
boys, SHOES—Ladies' Cent's and Children's are
offered at this great reduction.
Dunsmuir Avenue
• v rfs '>v.'J'v'.ii^v?^) •• EMara *»'w oo jftgw s® * »h>
The question in, whore will it make the most ? Inn Bunk at 3 per cent. fi it
mm'tngii ut 1 |ier nent, or ti.wn lots in Western CuumU where during the yenr
1011 il i* c.'inm'uil that property values in ten t..wu iucreacil 600 per cent, in seventeen ii.wns 400 por cent, and in town twenty two towns 300 por cent!
Full particulars "I an investment which will make ynua property owner in three
of the heat towns nnd on the easiest «f terms can be obtained hy maili «   a post-
(DojiNow)   d. Forde
Capital $6,200,000
Reserve 87,000,1*00
Di'ultB Issued In nny currency, payable all over the world
highest current rates allowed on deposits of 81 and Upwards
CUMBERLAND, B.C., Branch-   -   -     OPEN DA"
D. ML*. Morrison-  Manager
Wm.H.Hoff,   Manager.
Are Worthy of
Ask Your
We have offered Previously
McPhee «& Morrison
ourtenay B. S.
(i. A. Fletcher Music Co. of Nun*
alma haven ow engaged their owi p [vate
■ Puner whose work will be utrioily cuaran-
tt t-il by fhu tinu, and they advlBpeusiuin*
era and friuiuU to unify tlm firm when
tuning or repairing is needed, The
iunf-*r will lie in Oumbe Uud early in
N i vu in ber and orders mn) be left at I.
; K. Batea store and will be promptly
attended to. 0. A.'Flutehoi Musio On.
The S ile Agenta for Gerhard lleintuiman
I Pianos and Columbia and EJlifon Phono*
graphs and Hecorda.
Diatrict of Ootm x.
TAKK notice tl«at I, James Strickland Bevlns of Qomox District- occupation rancher- intends tn app:y for permission to h-aae the following described
land:—C immonciiig *., n pus pUuti-il nt
thu south-west coruor ulosu to a pnst
marked J. H. M.. N. I5.fC. and being
the N. W. C. if bit iii), OomoiDis*
Lriot, thenoe south-easterly twunty-seven
chains following the shnro line, thence
north-easterly for five chains, thence
lorth-nesterly twenty-seven chains,
hence uouth-westerly for five chains to
unmmeiicement and containing seven-
.:"ii imriis more or leas.
Dated October 10th, 1011.
Di* D,E, Korr, dentist, will lie in
Cinnlici'lrttid on and aft-pr NovflmH**!'
do, be sure to order y.'Ur wcldnw invi-
stions HtTlIB UtANOBH Offioo SHmph1!1
nt this ulliej
Visiting Clinic nt the 1*1 in lie n.
Clmiiire advertisenients for
Saturday mornings issue must
be in t li its nllioe nut Inter than
H) u. in, on Thursday,
Old Newspapers for Bide at Tue
'\   Tlmsu Pianos givo satisfaction in totm ami touch ami nre Irailt •
sf last a lift'titisc.
Wu carry th-3 Victor Gramophone & Victro.a,*
and Victor 1-lecords.     Cull and hear the latest novtn.,;,,
The Victor Puzzle Record Price $1.00
Church S'., NANAIMO, B. C. Opposite Bank ot
PtissGrtger Coaoli will leave as follows
lo connect »iili tlio C. P. li. ai Union
Tupsilay—5 p.m.
\V.'ilin-si!ny -(>. I*i ii. in.
Tltursdgy—8 it. in.
l?rirlny    O.iri p. in.
Saturday - r>,45 a. m.
Boal leavi'8 for Coinnx.
Wedlifsilay -7 p. in.
Kii.liiv- -7 p. m.
Sntui'ilay—11 a. in
For The
loo Boxes Apples
m      AND       B
Winter PEARS
The Best Varieties, Blenheim Orange, Russets,
Kings, Canadian Reds
Be'ilflower, Baldwins etc.
Price for one week only in 5 and
10 box lots, per box      -   -   $1.75


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items