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The Islander Dec 2, 1911

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Array FOR GOOD Warm Pure
Wool Blankets and  Comforters, try
CAMPBELL BROS.
UKislcl'w
191
ORIA, B.
THE ISLANDER
1$
ItADIES NEW
Neckwear and Belts
MENS New Shirts t nd
Neckwear arrived at
CAMPBELL  BROS,
No.
THK ISLANDER, CUMBERLAND, B.C., SATURDAY, DEO.. 2, 1911
Subscription price 81.50 per yaer
In a communication to Tin-:
Islander last week, the llev.
H. W. Laffere, of the English
Church called attention to a
matter of much benitit and importance not only to the community, but to the Province and
Nation as well. As an educational factor a free public library
can hardly be overestimated.
It works for the up-building of
the community equally with
the public school and the
church.
As conditions are in Cumberland today there is not a single
place where one may employ a
leisure moment even pleasantiy
to say nothing of profitably, if
we except the churches, and
we do not go to church to employ a leisure moment, it is to
be hoped. Even so, one day a
week is not sufficient for our
young men and women. As it
is the duty of the parent to
provide the proper environment for the rearing of their
children, just so is it the duty
of the community and the public at large to provide a clean,
sane and even educational environment for its young men
and women, its citizeiiB^ What
can be better or more enjoyable than a public library, with
its cozy reading room?
That a public library is eagerly and assiduously patronized is shown by the practical
workings ol the Carnegie, Y.
M. C. A. and other libraries.
Certainly Cumberland should
have a public library and certainly we can have one if we
definitely decide to. The Islander begs to assure Mr. Laffere that it will heartily second his efforts in this direction.
that the municipal e
lection will be held on the 15 of
January isn't it about time cau
cusses were called and candidates placed in nomination ?
It seems to the The Islander
taht it is. Six Aldermen aud a
Mayor are to be chosen at this
election.
The Islander begs to acknowledge with thanks the receipt of complimentary tickets
for the banquet/ and concert
which took place on last Thurs-
dty evening. Our representative informs us he and his wife
enjoyed the Spread immensely
and the evening generally.
A. meeting oi a lev interested in the
Buy Scouts organisation was held last
Monday evening in the Presbyteriai.
Manse. The formation of a local branch
fur Cumberland was informally discussed
and all felt that such movement would
be a good thing for the young bnys uf
this eity; accordingly a meeting of all oitiiens interested in the physical and moral
well being of the boys is being called to
meet on Monday evening, December 4th
at 8 o'clock in the Cauncil chambers.
Names for the respective officers in connection with the association were suggest
ed and await replication at the meeting
next Monday night.   Everybody  come.
Gloves-A large assortment of all
kinds wool gloves, kid gloves, fur
gloves, also a wide range of work*
mens gloves at Campbell Bros.
The B. C. Oarage and Machine Shop
for auto and gas engine supplies and repairing.
War and Peace in Balance!
Anglo-German Situation Acute, Much
Depending Upon Earl Gray,
Foreign Secretary.
Crisis Happily Passed a d Bet
ter Understanding Now
LONDON, Nov, 27.—Sir Edward Grey
fnrcign secretary, delivered today in the
House of Commons his anxiously a-
waiteil speech on the international situation and the policy of tho British foreign office. He declared that the statement of Ileer Von Kideiline-Waechtor,
t he German furoign secretary, was in.
I'Oinplete and therefore it was tint
necessary for him to make n fuller slate,
ment tliun innde hy the British ollice
which was alrendy In fore the house.
It is many years since such worldwide interest centered intho speech of
a British foreign minister as in Sir
Kdward Grey's utterances today, upon
which the peace of Europe was lielieved
to hinge, Opinion in the best informed quartern was hopeful thnt tlio debut
would open an urea of better uiulertnud -
ing between Germany and Great
Britain.
No blnebook of despatches' relating
to Moroccan iil.'uirs has been published and therefore the British foreign
office may throw a deal of new li>-ht upon tho subject.
Tho lender of the opposition. Mr.
Andrew Bonar Low, will follow Sir
Edward and, it is expected, will give
leasonnble support to the government's
foreign polity,
An uncomfortable feature nf the situation is that the foreign secretary is
bound to justify the government's
course in his speech, but if this account
of the negotiations contradicted Herr
Von Ciderlin- Vaeohester's on important points, Aiiglo-Germnn hostility and
recrimination might brenk out again.
London, Nov. 28.—Overnight com-
inenr from Berlin on Sir Edward Grey's
speech of yesterdny on the international situation iu the Huusc of Commons
has sen ed to emphasize the favuralilo
view taken here of the effect his utterances. There is some disappointment
at the rather acrid comment of the
newspapers, but it is roiili/cd that their
criticisms were written before the full
text of the speech had reached Berlin
and it is In.ped that a further study of
Sir Edward Gley's remarks will lead
to a more cordial reception of Great
lirit.inn's proffer of friendship.
The stock exchange was not much
affected. The market opened brighter
ihan it has been, but the comment
from Berlin hud a chilling 'effect on
prices,
On both Liberal and Conservative
sides in prrliament and the press Sir
Edward's speech is held a masterly
effort worthy of a great occasion. I'
is univerally agreed that it will re-establish a feeling of confidence and
trust in the British foreign office and
lend toward on Anglo-German reap-
pronclunent.
Old Newspapers for sale at The
ISLANDER OFFICE. 25o. per
hundred,
Two womon wore robbed on the
Steamer Charmer  last  Thursday, one
of lf-1 ami one of $8.00.
Mrs. Williams, dressmaker and
milliner, opposite opera house,
Courtenay
tttrpt NeriUO
SALE AND DANCE AT COMOX
A sale uf must useful and ornamental
.work in ttiduf St. Peter's church, Comox
will lie held in the K. of P. Hsll on
Thursday, December 7, 1911, sale t"
cnniniiuicii at 3 o'clock. Refreshments
will be sold- The sale will be followed
by a dance'
320 acrea uf |*nod liniil five minutes
fr..in Bchiiel, postufficeand store, one mile
nf r.iid frontage, une fourth mile fr.m
beach, three miles frnm Cumnx. Price
(35.00 per Acre. Eisy terms Apply
1SHND REALTY CO,
P. L Anderton, Act
Courtenay, BO.
The Annual Ball and Banquet of
Cumberland Lodge No. 26, A, F. di A,
M,. will be held in Cumberland hall
on die evening of December 27. Preparations lor a grand Masonic time are
being made.
Don't lall te lee oar wide range ol
Fancy Waiati at $6.00. The style and
oolors *rebeat evar shown in Cumber-
land, plain Meiaeline Silks, ohiffoo
over silk, black and white, blue and
wbile atripi tt Campbell Bros.
By-the-wsy, have you tried those
meat pies at Mrs. Jaok'e? No! Well,
then, you ought to: tbey are delicious
and will make you feel like some   more.
FORSALE-Six young  heifers jua
calved, also two brood sows.    Apply
CARW1TUEN   RANCH,
Courtenay,
Visiting cards at the Isla nder of
See.
FOR ALF—Ono heavy  logging
horse and harness. Will lake payment in
any thing that grows upon the ranch.
Apply W. Doane Comox, B C.
A new line of Stetson and hard
stiff hats to hand at Campbell
Bros.
Rerolutionary Leaders if Want Peace
Chinese Rebels Tire of Bloody War and Fear'
the Armed Intervention of
Foreign Powers.
Military Governor Regrets Piratical     Attack     on
British   Ship.
Pekino, Nnv. 28.—Lieut. Ganeral Fo
Kwo Chang, commander of the imperial
troops "at Hankow, teledraphed today
tbat he occupied the whole ol the city of
H.n Yang at 4 o'cl.ck yesterday afternoon. Woo Chang capitulated to the
Imperial tr. ops today Thu revolutionary
leaders express a deaire to negotiate for
a compromise and suggest some slight alterations in the tii.veriiment prugramme.
The government is endeavoring to securo
au inini .ill. e cessation of hostilities at
Nanking where the fall f the city is im-
min.nt.
The asaonibly uf the province of Chi Li
has resolved tu summon the throne to abdicate and also tu participate in the republic m nvornmeut which ia now form-
ing. The Chinese troops in Thibet have
mutinied, declaring tlieir sympathy fur
the rev. lutinnists.
In regard to the piratical attack on the
British Ship Shiunn, duridg which Officer Nichullson was murdered, the military governor of Canton has sent a depu
ty to the British consul-general to ox
press rei-iot at the occurrences and to intimate that two gunboats will be dia
patched thither to make an investigation
TrafHoonthe West River practically
has come to a st .miatlll. C mmunica-
tion with Wu Chow and Nanking is entirely cut off. At Wu Chow the revelu-
tiunaiy soldiers are avenging the recent
massacres. They have already beheaded
sixty prisoners, some of them the suns of
aristocrats. Afterwa rds they held an
orgy, tearing out the hearts of their victims, which they roasted and ate.
It is cruelties and atrocities of this nature which cause the revolutionary leaders tu fear armud intervention by the
powers.
Mv. John Matthews lias resigned hit
position as manager uf the local mine-
here, the resignation to take effect on De
cember 31st. Mr. Matthews aud family
will leave early in January for their new
residence on Shaughnessey High>s, Vancouver, B. O.
Mr. Edward Bickle har accepted the
district agenoy for the Mutuai Life As-
surauce Cumpauy of Canada.
Hankerchlefi-A good variety,
plain and initial; also a large line
of socks in all shades at Campbell
Bros
Mr. and Mrs. Jackson Arthuis, of Union Bay, were Cumberland visitors Saturday.
Mr. James McKinnell, distriot deputy
for the Fraternal order of Eagles of B.
C, paid Cumberland Aerie an official
visit Wednesday evening. At the close
of the routine business a v ry uuj yable
evening was spent. Mr. McKinnell returned to bis home iu Nanaimo Sunday,
TO ORGANIZE il
Y. M. C. A.
Meeting Held and Secretary and Committees Named
A meeting wns held Tuesday eve
ning looking to tho organization of
a Young Men's Christian Association
iu Cumberland. The matter wns giv
en very earnest attention. Dr. (lilies-
pic was called to the chair and stated
the object of the meeting. Dr. Mc-
JNnughton was made secretary,
SALE OF WORK
AND CONCERT
Methodist Sale of work
and Concert Proves
Grand Success.
The aale of work and concert given
hy the Ladies' Aid of Qraoo Metho.
diet church on Thursday evening was
one of the most successful affairs that
has ever taken place in church circles
in this city.
Early in the afternoon tho sale of
work took piece, in which the ladies
placed innumerable articles on sale,
both fanoy and usesul, whieh were
disposed of at a most reasonable figure
and which netted a good round   sum
In the evening at 6:30, something
novel took place—a most sumptuous
spread in the form of a banquet, the
table being spread in the church, with
all sorts of viands to suit the palates
of the most fastidious, The ladies are
to be highly complimented on putting
before t.te public such a bountiful and
toothsome spread. It was about 8:15
before the tables could be cleared to
make preparation for the elaborate
programme which was to follow.
The church woe crowded to it* utmost at tho concert which followed
the banquet. It wns 8:40 when the
chairman, Rev. B. C. Freeman, announced tho first number on the programme, opening a musical comedy
A Trip to Europe," rendered hy the
children, which pleased the large au-
lience immensely
To much praise cannot be given to
the Utile ones who did tlieir parts so
nicely. Tho little "coin uedienne" Be
atrice May Bickle, a little 5 year old
tot, was just too cute and took the
audience by her comic sayings.
Mrs. Banks and Mrs'. Bryant who
trained the children in thoir difficult
parts are to be congratulated upon the
perfection attained.
Harmony Rebeka's 1st
Dance Largely
Attended.
The dance given Mouday night by
Harmony Rebeka Lodge No. 22,10.
O. F., was a very enjoyable affair and
the various committees having the
function in charge are to be congratulated upon the success which attended
their efiorts. Cumberland hall wis
prettily decorated in red, white and
blue bunting. The stage was neatly
adorned and reserved for spectators
and those wha did not care to dance.
Seventy five couple were present,
and they danced and polkaed and
"waltzed me around, again, Willie" till.
the "wee sma' hours' nf the morning.
The music, supplied by Messrs. Monte,
Roy and Parnham, was highly appreciated and seemed to get into the blood
of the young people, for they danced
and danced as though they would never tire. Tne spectators seemed to
find as much enjoyment as those who
lanced. There were many handsome
gowns and pleasing coiffures. At
midnights toothsome luncheon waa
served.
The question agitating those present
is, When will the Rebr.kas favor ua
again?   They are charming hostesses
DRAWING
For every purchase of f 100 and over
spent ia my store from now till Christmas eve, you will receive a ticket free on
the fallowing three valuable articles:-
First prize Cut Glass Decanter set 128
second prise to be selected, to value of $17.
third prise One golden oak 8 dsy gum*
strikeoluck value|9.00. Come and make
your purchase early and secure tickets for
these beautiful prises. T. D. McLean
Jeweller.
Also tickets will be on aale at aame
time for another of those beautiful sofa
lahions 25o per ticket.
Bt tut ifulNeokwear-The Mat-
one Tery Newest Sty lee at Campbell Brat.
An informal discussion followed in
which the matter was gone into very
thoroughly. Dr. Oillc*pie told of
former troubles in the organization
and maintenance of athletic clubs in
Cumberland, hut thought much of
these troubles would be obviated in
this case, ss older branches of the Y.
M C. A. would send experienced men
to help us out.
It was the consensus of opinion
that Cumlxu'lnnd needed such association nnd would cheerful,,    support it,
A finance committee was appointed
and suggestion mnilo that funds be
raised hy concerts nml enlcitaininents
as well ashy subscription.
Messrs. Clinton and M-uncn were
appointed a committee tu take charge
of such funds,
DANCE MONDAY
GREAT
Attractive and pleasing gift boxes
containing neckwear and suspenders
and olber suitable articles, tbey would
be a appreciable as gilts to Old Conn
ry Iriends at Campbell Bros.
Public worship will be conducted in
the school house every Sunbay afternoon
at No. 7 mine at 3 o'clock. Rev. James
Hood, Pastor of St. George Church.Cum
berland, will oonduot the services, The
Sunday school at No. 7 mine will meet at
1 o'clock. Everybody come- Ail welcome.
A good display of Dress Goods, Fancy
Voiles aud SilkCrepe de Chene, for evening wear. Scotch Terltans and Cash,
mens in sll shades for children's dresses
Ladies' cloth in all the new colors at
Campbell Bros,
4
COUNCIL  MEETING.
There was quite a budget of business disposed of at the Monday evo-
ning session of the council, Aldermen Willard, Parnham aud Bsnks,and
Mayor McLeod were present.
After the minutes were disposed of
a letter was read protesting against excessive taxation on the property of
Thomas Irwin, of Vancouver.
Several communicatious were laid on
the table.
After some informal discussion it
was decided to hold the court of revision on the voter's list on Monday,
December 11. Aldermen Parnham
and Banks will constitute the board.
The following accounts were audited, allowed and ordered paid:
Freight on pipe $ 80.85
Electric light      41.95
Cumberland  Stables       2 72
A. E. MoQnarrie    63.00
C.H. Tarbell      6.05
Total $148,10
A shipment of fine negligee itrip*
ed and fanoy shirts Just arrived a
bl(jselfl.iti.i*i to choose from; also
fanoy vests and mufflere at Campbell Bros. THE ISLANDER, CUMBERLAND, B.C.
A Memory of Sedan
Tbo lutost tilt of words botwoon Oar*
many und France derives moat of its
acrimony uml its foreboding of possible
war from tlio rooollootlon of tbo Franco*
Pruaaian struggle In 1S70, and tbo disastrous buttle ol Sedan, In wbieb tbo
French Emperor wbb capturod and somo
ninety thousand officers nnd men. Marshal MueMuhon, it will bo recalled* foil
into tho Bodan trap while making a des-
porato effort to relieve Murshall Buz
aine, shut up with a large army at
Motz. Soptombor 1, tbo date of tbo
great German triumph, rankles in tbo
heart of every Frenchman nlivo today;
and bore aro tbe reminiscences of one
who was thero, aud shared tho enthusiasm of the morning, and tbo despair
of tbo afternoon. lie does not choose
tO glVO his name, hut the story, fresh
from his lips, is told in Harper's
Weekly for tbe first time. Hut to bo
gin with, he recounts:
When I became a soldier I wus
twenty one yoars old. I'mgono Mon-
cbablon, mol. And I wus ou roll oil in
tbo BOth Infantry, and WO wore sent to
Algiers, but saw no war thero.
Then eamo tbe news of Iho war with
Prussia, und we flamod with oaMrnoBS,
Wo wantod to meet and demolish the
Prussians, "A Horlin!" wns our cry
We oould not but au to war.
After a whilo wo wero taken across
tho SOU to Franco, and we wont by rail
toward tlio north, nnd that wo could by
any possibility be beaten never came to
us. "To Jiorlin!" wus nil we said, It
was all WO thought, Wo shouted it
from the curs at tbo station, and tho
people shoutod it back.
So toward tlio north, and we no longer
wont by railroad, but wo marched. And
on tbo roads with us wore many thousands of other French soldiers, and
sometimes wo could see far across tbe
country to still more. Our hearts rose
higher, for wo were so many.
Every night we camped pleasantly,
aud if wo did not always have full rations we always managed to get enough
aot to hunger. Yes; wu made it
onough, and often there was the kettle
mi soup and tho little salad that wo
mado of what grew by the roadside.
Ami sometimes I would lie avvnko for
a time, und would perhaps hoar the
tramp of some regiment passing by and
the pleasant jingle of accoutrements,
and it was fine when I could see the signal-lights flashing with white and red
and blue.
I would think of what news of the
Prussians those lights might be telling.
And sometimes a picket fired, and somo
young soldier would jump up and make
a noiso und bis sergeant would growl
at hi in.
From tho people in tbe villages we
found that we were marching toward
Met-/.. Rumors of tho fighting of great
battles came, and the officers tried to
mako us believe our armies hud won
But a chill came over us, for tbe rumors
said that wo had lost.
There is news that comes from the
officers aud there is news that comes
from the air, and it came from the air
that we had lost a terrible battlo ut
Gravelotte and other battles around
Motz.
There wero inutterlngs, and some of
tho men said: "Why, then, does tho
Emperor make war if bo knows not
how, and has not good generals?"
Uut we were only tbo more eager to
get at tbe Prussians. We bad boon
losing!—well, if bo, let us charge them
fiorcely and win. A bas les Prussians!
For they had insulted us.
The men, it seems, did not know they
wore fighting nil Germany, instead of
Prussia alone, and considered tho campaign a holiday affair. They had food
and drink, nnd took little thought for
tho morrow. Then thoy came within
sight of the enemy:
We marched on, and one day, far
off, we saw a glinting lino of light, and
my comrades said: "The Prussians, Ku*
gone.     Those are tlieir helmets."
And I said: "We will fight them; we
will fight thorn with bayonet and with
chassopot, und with mitrailleuse."
And he said: ".Mon pauvre Eugene,
you will have fighting of a sufficiency."
And we began to find out tbat we
bad changed our line of march, and at
last it went among us that wo were
marching now toward Belgium and not
toward Met?..
And f said to iny comrade: "Wo are
not at war with Belgium, Why do we
not keep in front of the Prussians and
drive them back,     We should fight."
Aud he suid: "Mon pauvre Eugene,
von will huve fighting of a sufficiency.
Iloin!"
Then it was that it went through the
army, slow, like a poison, for the sol
dlorS would not easily believe that our
generals were traitors, and that we were
betrayed. And il is hard to march
and march and fear that you ure betrayed.     It is like the fear in the dark.
Moi. i do not know. They huve told
me since that we were marching to find
a place to get through to Marshal Bass-
aine, who was then shut up in Met?., but
as to that wo knew nothing.
Bill how COllld there oo traitors when
the Emperor was with us, and Marshal
MucMabon who had fought well In
other wars!      Me, I do not think it.
Wo were covered with white dust as
we marched on the long white rouds,
past the peoplo at the pleasant cottage
doors—the old men, and the women, and
tho girls, and tho children. And tbey
said to us: "You will drive away tho
Prussians! " And we said: "Oui.oui!"
But we did uot now cry, "A Berlin!"
Tho fields wero rich with harvest, and
again our hearts rose as we watched
the long lines of soldiers marching,
marching.
Colonel do la Guilbert was our commander. A brave man, he. But be
rode mostly silont, and we tried to see
from his face what ho thought, but we
could not tell,
At length wo came to Sedan; a long
city, beside a river that ran in curves
through Inw green fields, and thero were
sloping hills that rose, And we gathered thero. and there were tens of thousands of us.
Thero wero tales of Prussians, countless Germans, near us.      We did    not
know.     But we wanted to destroy those
Prussians, those GonnatiB,
And thou came tbe morning of September 1, A warm morning, and it
camo to bo a hotter day. Wo wore
roused ourly by the bugles, and hurried
into lino without uny timo for breakfast, They thought an attack would
como.
For all that long, long day of fighting tboro was nothing of food for my
regiment. And It was well for mo, for
my surgeon told me that if 1 hnd had
food my wound would havo killed mo.
Por I was wounded, wounded twice, but
of this I will toll you later.
Mv regiment ns placed noar a village'thut they called BazoillflB, just at
tbo edge of Sedan. Thore is a picture
Of the lighting there—perhaps you havo
scent—it is culled Eos dornicros Cartouches, But wo wore not at the house
of that picture, but were n little distance flway. We took a position ou a
littlo ridgu and waited for tho   attack.
And l thought of nothing but that I
was ready to light for my country with
a gladness like that of a man who goes
to bis home.
And tlie Emperor Napoleon drove by
os, but it was before wo got to our position ut Bazellles. His face was yellow and ho looked sick, ami from tho
soldiers there was but littlo of the shout
of tho joy. For many of us had begun to believe that he had led us into a
war iu which there was no hope.
Wc thought that ho was not really in
power, the Emperor, and that it was
with us us it was with Prussia. For In
Prussia they said it was not the King
William, but Bismarck, and in France
we thought it was not tho Emperor
Napoleon, but the Empress. Mol, I
do not know. But at lust we wero to
fight.
Often have 1 tried to remember what
(thought when tho great shells were
falling among us aud tho Prussian lines
advanced. But I do not believo 1
thought at all, fo'r all was so strange
nnd so full of excitement. I was eager
only for the order to fire, and I wanted
never to stop firing.
That village of BazeilleB—it was wild
fighting there, and the Prussians captured it, aud they burned every house.
Because they were fired at from the
houses! But why should not an invader be fired at from tho houses?
It was bard fighting, and we wore just
at the edge of the most terrible    The
charges and tho firing and tho shells-
terrible!
And while the smoke of the houses
was rising, my regiment was marched
to the left toward a placo they called
Givonne; a little town set beside a little
stream in a broad valley. And I thought
again that this was a country to fight
for and not to be a trairor to, for
France is a beautiful land.
I do not know just bow long w
fought nt Bazellles nor how long we
fought at Givoniie. I only know that
our bugles woke us at four, and that it
was perhaps three in the afternoon,
judging from the sun, thnt 1 was wounded.
It was harder for us at Givonne than
at Bazellles, for at Givonne we were
so placed that the shells and the cannon-shot came among us, but yet it was
not often that wo were near onough to
the Prussians to fire.
We could sec the lines and lines of
helmets. A bud sight, to see those
helmet-spikes.
And I can not remember when it was
that there crept through our ranks the
feeling that those helmets were not only
in front of us, but in every direction
round about, and that we were surrounded. I suppose it came from the
sound of firing coming from so many
directions.
It is at such a time that ono feels
of a helplessness. And the noise—did
I tell you of the noise! Thero were
single booms and crashes of volley firing, and then there would be just ono
great roaring, ono great thundering that
deafened you, and in which you could
not tell one sound from another.
There was smoke, smoke overywliere,
and tho ground would tremble when the
cavalry made charge.
I think I do not remember very clearly all that happened in thoso long hours.
I do not know how often we wore near
enough to fire. It seems to'me now as
if we were mostly under'fire without
returning it. But this 1 know: I went
into battle that day with two hundred
rounds, and long before I was wounded
I bad fired them all and wns taking
from the dead men.
Yes; there wero dead men, dead men
everywhere, and wo did not think of
them unless they could givo us ammuni
tiou. Even I, n soldier in his first
battle, did not think of them. For a
little while you may think of them, and
avoid them,* but soon you will entirely
forget.
They say thut Givonne was fhe centre
of our position. Perhaps. But i only
know wo stood there uml fired, and that
siiells and bullets came among us, and
that ever we saw those helmets.
For all of the Prussians wore those
helmets, lloin, Those helmets! And
there were Prussian ollicers and Prus
sian soldiers who wore spectacles. As
if thoy were to fight with school-teach
ors. But thoy did not fight like school
teachers. They fought hnrd, like good
soldiers.
The secret of the result, we are told,
wus tho difference iu generals. The
French commanders may not have been
traitors, but tlieir incompotenco led to
tho samo result, while tho German ofll
cers scorned superhumun.     To quote:
They surrounded us, although wc were
so largo an army. That Von Moltke,
1 think ho was a dovil. Seventy years
nl,|—tieventy!—when he fought us, And
he would not die. Ho lived to ninety,
so thev tell me. And they used to say
he lea'rned war in fighting tho Turk
against other savages, whon ho wa
young.
But yet, nlthough ho waa so old and
would not die, I do say that he ever did
as a soldier ought not to do. No! I
was a soldier mysolf, nlthough but of
ono battle, and I would not do a soldier
an injustice. It was only because he
boat us that we hated him.
1 would toll you all that 1 remember
of most interest. But is it interesting
to tell you thut shells burst and that our
ranks thinned und closod up, aud thut
I felt mo e and moro that we wero to
be beatent
I would havo wept, but I had too
much to do in firing and in watching
ue lines of helmets.
It is that a soldier gets full of an exited ness. You uo tilings, and you
seur- ly know that you do thom or why.
It wus early that day that my com*
rado was killed. Aud ho jumped up
twice. So—sol And lie foil fiat ou
his face. X turned him ovor, and my
captain said: "No timo for that. You
ure a young soldier or you would kuow
there is no time for that."
I told you thut I was glad and eager
to fight. Aud it was so. But when
tho first cannon.firod that morning, so
early, I felt a tremble as if one has a
frozen inside, And 1 tnink it is always
so. Man huve told mo, bravo men,
mon of many battles, that tho first
shooting gives you a frozen inside us if
somebody scares you, But it soon
passes, and you think not of it again.
And I think thut most soldiers lire
ut a lino of men nnd do not try to pick
out single soldiers. Unless thoy uro
sharpshooters, or their enrtridgos run
short. For when cartridges uro running short a man takes individual aim.
My wound came ubout half through
tho afternoon. It was as if a hummer
struck mo iu the broast, sharp and hard.
I still fired—onco, twice, I cannot toll—
and my arm could uot ruiso my rifle,
und I knew that I was to light tho
Prussians no more that day,
I was wounded in the leg too, but
that 1 did not know, us I walked off
stumbling.
When a man is wounded so thnt ho
cannot fight he thinks only of getting
to the rear. And 1 do not think it is
a cowardice. lie can do no more at
the front, lie is iu the way if he cannot fight. But at tho rear ho may be
saved and be ready to light again.
I walked off, stumbling—so!—and 1
felt tired and lay down, and I wept.
Yes, I lay there, weeping, for I thought.
Franco is lost! And then it eunie to
mo that I was so young to be wounded
und perhaps die, but I urn sure I did
not weep over that. And I thought
of homo and I longed to be there, for
the picture of homo came to me.
Then I was frightened. Yes. For I
was no longer fighting, when a man does
not cure, but was lying helpless, and it
came to me that if there were a charge
tho soldiers might go right over me
and never notice me. If tho cavalry
should charge, the horses would stamp
un my face. Or perhaps the grout artillery wheels would come crushing,
It was terrible to think such things,
And shells were bursting near me. And
a man is not himself when he is badly
wounded and lies on the ground. I
tried to get up again, but 1 could not.
J must lie there.
.wo other wounded men went near
mc. and I must have called to them, for
if I had not they would not have stopped. They were good men, for on a
battle-field you do uot stop when the
wounded call. They helped mc on with
them, and after a while we came to a
house, und we went in uud I lay on the
Moor, and again it came to me thnt I
was young to bo shot, and again I
thought of home.
But I would gladly—you will believe
met—I would gladly have gone back into the battle if 1 could have fought.
Yes, gladly.
Wo wounded soldiers, lying thero—
for others had also crept to the house
—we talked of the battle lost. For we
thought it was lost, and we wept for
France.
And theu u terrible thing happened;
terrible, for it told us that what we
feared was really true. For tbo cannon ceased firing, and there came a silence more terrible than the roar, for it
told us that the battle was over, and we
knew we could not have won.
But we did not know how bad it was.
We know not that after such hours of
fighting we were to have uo honors of
war, no terms, nothing but surrender.
But what could we do? Tho Prussians had surrounded us on every side.
We had gono north to relieve Metz, but
the Prussians still held Metz close aud
also had men enough to outnumber us
at every point. We were many; yes,
but they were so many more.
Soon we know it all, for the news
went swift. The Emperor had surrendered. He was a prisoner aud Mac-
Mahon was a prisoner and all the generals were prisoners, and all the men,
wounded or unwoundod, were prisoners.
A hundred thousand prisoners—mon
Dieu! mou Dicu!
I could almost weep now, us I wept
then, though it was    forty   years ago,
Eh, well—hero I am, with my wounds
healed and a good wife besido me. I
have a little pension and this post as
concierge.   .   .   .
And the French fought well. It is not
thut I was one of the army that I say
so. I do uot think of that when I say
the French fought bravely.
And If we had had better officers, and
if our Btnporor—but bah! What is done
is 110111,'.
A NIGHT ON AN ICE-FLOE Wl'lii
A WOLF
Lake fishermen who maintain that
lishing huts ure iu uo danger of boing
carried away in tho ice, nnd northern
nunters who assert with equal wisdom
that the gray wolf is never seen in
Michigan, save in tho farthest recesses
of the north, are nuturo fakirs, all of
L..em, writes Br. M. A. Leach, and tho
doctor's story seems to bear him out.
Two years ago, in the dead of winter,
he wns out on Lake Michigan in a
friend's hut, fishing through the ico.
Everything wns proceeding morrily
when—says tlio doctor:
There came a sudden report, sounding
like thunder.   Tho ice was going outl
l rushed outside, but the snow was
blinding, and I could, of course, not
even see tho shore line. I stood perplexed for a momont, but, as I had no
compass, thero wns nothing for it but
to keep warm and trust to luck. All
around the thunderous reports wore
sounding and tho ico was quivering
strangely. I was frightenod, but as
there was no help for it I went back
to the hut und kept on fishing.
This was about noon. 1 noticed, to
my relief, that there woro no cracks
coming beneath tbo hut, so that if tbo
ico did go out, I should nt loust bo on
a big cttlto—for a time. 'Iho big cakes
flo not last very long in Lake Michigan.
I could uot tell what was happening
outside, for the wind wns shrieking und
howling horribly, und ovory few so-
unds tho ice would split with n re-
minding crash. So, for luck of something better to do, 1 arranged u frying-
pan 1 bud over the little stove, aud to
keep up my food supply I started fry-
ii.g some of the lish, after cleaning them
outside the hut. In a few minutes
the place was filled with a most apot-
izing odor, which, I presume, had something to do with what followed.
First of all I heard a series of low
whines outside; then something scratched nt the door. I opened it in amazement, thinking thnt somo dog hnd perhaps been lost on tho Ico und had
tound my hut. To my surprizo, how-
over, a groat unkempt animal entered
and fawned about my feet, licking my
bouts; aud nlthough I hud nevor seen
oue, 1 knew it wns a gray wolf. The
animal seemed terrified beyond measure by the splitting ice uud tho storm,
for ho' kept easting fearful glances at
the door, and showed no sign whatever
of wildness.
As tlio doctor hud no other weapon
thnn his knife and a frozen fishing-
line, ho wus in a quandary. But the
wolf seemed lonely and showed a strong
desire to make himself nt home, so they
naturally decided to let it go at that,
and spent tho night quite charmingly
together. Tho next morning—to hoar
what tlie doctor says:
I awoke to find tho sun up, the day
bright and dear, and the laud four or
live miles west of us. All around floated enkes of ice, going the same way us
ourselves In the grip of some current.
My fears pussed away with the bright
sunlight, uud I used up my lust wood
in cooking sonic fish for the wolf, while
1  finished the basket of provisions.
So the wolf and I went out in the
sunshine; and now the animal grew
surly and no longer welcomed my approaches. I befiove that so long ns
the danger lasted he was cowed, but
that with the approach of day, and
wheu rescue was nt hand for mo, all his
savage nature returned upon him with
redoubled force. However that may
be, two hours later 1 saw a dot moving
among the ice, nud us it noared saw
that it was a fish-boat, doubtless with
a rescue party on board. And now
came the most surprizing part of my
adventure.
The boat was about, half a mile distant, nnd the occupants, having seen me
and waved to me, started to make tlieir
way through the floating Ice. 1 saw
the wolf watching them with bristling
hair, und suddenly he turned to me
with a low growl. T offered him a bit
of fish, but he took no notice, nud I
..ogan to fear that ho realized that my
rescue mild not include his. At any
rate, he drew buck a few steps, his
eyes fixed on mine; then, with u quick
movement, he sprang at me.
1 had no weapon, except a short
knife which was closed. All I could
do was to jump aside, hitting him with
my fist us he missed me—au old boxing trick. Hut I had not counted on
that snvage side-slash of the great
teeth, and when the animal gained his
feet and turned to tly at me again my
...ind was streaming with blood from a
small gash. I heard shouts from the
approaching fish-boat, but us the party
wns unarmed they could not help mo.
Immediately upon getting bis balance on tlie snow the wolf came toward
me slowly uud sprang again. This
time I was really frightened, nnd, with
a wild idea of holding him away till
my friends could assist me, I met him
half-way, grasped his throat In both
hands, nnd wc both fell to the snow together, for the impact of his leap was
tremendous. I hung on to his throat,
but, nlthough I kept the gleaming teeth
off, I could not hold his feet. Ho
struck ut me savagely witli his hind
paws, tho sharp claws tearing through
my coat like knives, nnd I realized my
danger just in time to cast myself backward. Instantly tlie wolf returned to
the attnek, and this time the took in
his fuco frightened me so that I did
not wait for him. I whipped iny coat
away and threw it in his face; then
trrned nnd, running to the side of the
ice-cake, leaped into tho water
I am a good swimmer, and the boat
wus only a hundred feet distant, so in
no time I was aboard and getting into
warm clotnes. Tho engine was stopped, and we lay there watching the
wolf. He seemed puzzled at my disappearance, running buekwnrd and for-
wurd on the ice; then he looked at the
boat and howled dismally. None of
the men liked to uttaek him with
knives for their only weapons, nnd so
presently the boat was turned ubout
and wc threaded our way out from the
ico to the free water. Behind us the
lonely woi. sat watching us disappear,
and slowly, hopelessly, floated onward
to his doom.
YANKEE TWOPENCE-HA'PENNY
Congressmen ure giving some attention to the proposal for a S'/j-cont piece,
for which there appears to be a considerable demand. Such n coin would keep
in the customer's pocket the odd half-
cent he now so frequently gives to the
dealer when he buys one article sold at
two for a quarter. Whother it Is otherwise desirablo is n question. Tho two-
cent und tlie three-cent pieces formerly
in circulation were a nuisance and wero
withdrawn. A 2Vj-cent coin to bo
handy should bo easily distinguished
by tho "feel" in u pocketful of change.
If that can bo accomplished there is no
objection to including it in tho minor
coinage—Lowell Courior-Citizon.
The Profits in Clean
Vaudeville
IN HUNGRY NEW YORK
A horso harnessed to a wagon of the
New York Poultry Market, loaded with
a dozen crates containing six iiundred
chickens, ran away on tho Williamsburg
bridge and crashed into tho runaway
gate at tho Brooklyn terminal, Tho
crates were smashed and the chickens
set free. The chickens scattered in
every direction and many woro caught
by men and boys who forgot to return
them to tho driver. Many others were
Killed or maimed by cars.
Put half an ounce of powdered pum-
ico stone to, soak in half n pint of
con] oil, and with n piece of soft flannel steeped in the liquid clean tho inside of the bath, and then wash out
with warm wator and dry thoroughly.
In every civilized city in tlio world,
says a dramatic writer, there is either
u Keith theatre, or one molded ou tho
Keith plan. Thnt ono mnn should havo
brought ubout this result is interesting
onough, but that it should have been
accomplished by the elimination of the
vulgarities that some managers seem to
think tho peoplo demand is not only
inte.osting but instructive. It guides
othor managers on tho futuro road they
must go. Just how Mr. Keith came to
see the "parting of tho ways," ho tolls
himself, ns follows:
"I was raised on a farm in Now
Hampshire where the peoplo never
Went to any kind of theatrical entertainment because they were respectable
peoplo and were offended at tho coarseness of variety shows and had no op*
port unity to son the bettor class of
din ma. They did go to the circus onco
a year or so, but they had no chance
to patronize any other kind of theatrical amusement, and this fact made a
great improssion on me, 1 wus fond of
tho theatre myself und kuow thnt u
nice, clean theatrical performance
WOUld certainly be liberally patronized
by peoplo gone rally, if they had thu
opportunity.
Afterward, when I loft the farm 1
was working iu Western Massachusetts
and travelled about the country with a
circus, I found that the sume conditions
existed everywhere throughout the
United States. There were no theutri-
cal performances except those of high-
class drama, to which womon uud children could go. Theatrical managers
seemed to huve quite ignored the wants
of tho uvernge American family for
theatrical amusement
Of course, today, it seems to bo remarkable that such a condition of affairs could have existed, but those were
the facts. The circus that came around
once a yenr was practically tho only
family entertainment iu America aud
it was not enough. The more I studied
the people the more convinced I bo-
came that thero was a great opportunity for :i manager who could give tho
public a nice, refined, pleasing theatrical entertainment, which would appeal
to all classes of peoplo equally, but the
great problem was how could such n
show be given,
"I had no capital, only unbounded
confidence in my theory thut people
wanted to be entertained respectably;
however, I determined to muke a start
in some manner. After much hardship
and privatjon in trying to get fairly
started, I opened u little museum January 8th, 1883, in u room thirty-five
feet long and fifteen feet high, in a
building on the site of the Adums
House, ou Washington Street, Boston.
My ouly attraction was Baby Alice, n
midget who weighed one and u half
pounds, but. I installed a small stage
in the rear of the room ami secured
several acts from the variety theatres,
with tho understanding that all vulgar
or suggestive In i gunge wus to be cut
out of every act.
"It proved, just as I expected, that
clean, wholesome entertainenient would
be very popular. I could not nccommo
date the vast number of patrons that
came to me, and the littlo museum hnd
to be enlarged, until it finally seated
500 people. Three years later I conceived tho idea of giving u continuous
performnnee, such as we give today,
and this wus an instantaneous success
also. My business increased so rapidly
thut I had to lease the Bijou Theatre,
next door to my museum, and vaudeville
in its prcseut form was first permanently established in that playhouse.
"But these things were not accomplished without tho hardest kind of
work and considernblo privation. \ve
nil took off our coats and buckled down
to business in thoso days. 1 often posted my own bills to save expenses, sometimes 1 sold tickets, in fact, there was
no detail of work in connection with
the theatre that 1 was not obliged to
perform, nt times. But I was sure of
winning out in the cud, nnd I can look
uack on it all complacently now
"Artists in those days received
small salaries, because wo could not
afford to pay them very much, yot they
Jid thoir work cheerfully, us many as
ten turns a day sometimes. Among
the artists who played for me in thoso
early days of struggle were Weber and
Fields, Mclntyrc and Heath, tho Rogers Brothers, Mr. and Mrs, Jerry Cohen,
and Bam Bernard. Twenty-five dollars
for a single and sixty dollars for a
double turn were considered big salaries
then.''
Asked if he did not encounter stern
opposition in purifying the old-time
variety cast, Mr. Keith replied that he
did.
"Mnny persons made fun of me. One
actor brought suit against mc nud the
lawyer, iu summing up the case, said:
"'I expect some day to see u museum in the clouds with '11, P, Keith,
proprietor,' and written in letters
abovo the door, 'None but Angels Admitted.'
"I mado it a-rulo at the beginning,
when 1 first opened my Washington
•Street museum, that I must know exactly what evory performer on my
stage would say or do. If there was
one coarse, vulgar, or suggestive line
or piece of stage business in tho net,
I cut it out. And this rulo is followed
in every Keith tneutro in tho United
States today and just as rigidly adhered to now as it was originally.
"Tho overwhelming majority of peoplo nro clean," says Mr, Keith, "and,
what is more:
"A theatre ought to bo just as clean
maternally as morally. The health and
comfort of patrons demand that a mau-
ager keep his theatre scrupulously clean.
One speck of dirt on a scat is almost
as bad as a dirty line spoken ovor the
footlights.
" Vaudeville managors must nevor
forget that our success has beon won
by pleasing all classes of people. We
make no distinction among our patrons.
The millionaire, the professional man,
the workingmnn and their families
have been our regular patrons and will
bo found in all our audiences. They
are all treated aliko, with the same
courtesy and consideration, and I do
not think that a manager can bo too
careful ubout the courtesy tbat is extended to tho public, at the box-vfllce
and within the theatre itself."
By wny of conclusion Mr. Koith compares the prices paid vaudeville artists
now and iu tho "good old days."
■Yes," he says, "It is a fact that
never in ihe history of thothoatrical
businoss hnvo such salaries been paid
as prevail today. It is not uncommon
now for artists to recolve as high as
$2,500 a woek in vaudeville, and it is
a fact in tbe high priced houses ia tho
Rust and West, tho average show,
which used to cost $500 or $(100 a week,
now costs from $3,000 to $4,500. There
us boon n steady advance in the cost
of vaudeville bills, In thoso houses 1
refer to, where tho bills used to cost
$500 to $(100 n weok, tho advance has
been gradual, first to $1,000, then $2,*
000, theu $:i,000, and now from $3,500
to $4,500 is the avorago coBt. Very
few city houses pay loss than $4,500
for their weekly bill, while tho bills
nt my Philadelphia und Boston theatres,
the theatres of Mr. Percy Williams, of
Mr. Davis, of Mr. Shea, Mr. Mooro and
Mr. Martin Beck, in Chicago and San
Francisco, cost us high us $5,000 u
week."
MARBLE OB RUBBER FROM ASHES
The utilization of the treasures lock
ed up hi coal bus thus far usually stopped at the ashes. All the other pro
ducts, such as gas, eoke, tar, sulphate of
ammonia, benzol, etc, havo for a long
time formed most Important materials
in our industries, In view of the enor
mous quantities of conl consumed annually n rocontlj announced discovoy,
according to which there can be produced from ashes at. will, substances re
sembling marble or rubber, claims lively
interest. From ashes, the typo of the
dead, the passed away, new life is to be
created. The highly oxco lent substance obtained, us statod, possossos at
onco the properties of marble aud rub
ber. Neither moisture, heat or acids
can attack it, ut the same time it is nonconducting, so that its use for electric
conduits also comes under consideration.
The cost of producing the now substance, which is nlso adapted for wall
and lioor coverings, for table slabs, etc.',
amounts to about 2 to II marks (45.(1 to
71.4 cents) per square metre. 'Ihe pro
cess of manufacture consists in thut the
ashes, preferably briquet ashes or dust *
ashes, are first sifted, then treated with,
cold soda water and copal varnish, ind'
finally subjected to a kneading process.
According to whether an Imitation of
marble or rubber is desired, tho proper
coloring substance is added. The mn
terinl will be marketed under tho name
of "Ciiierite."
AN EXPLANATION OF BALL
LIGHTNING
The existence of globular lightning
was until recently Beriously doubted by
authorities ou electricity. Its behavior,
as reported, seetnod so at variance with
all the properties of electricity as hitherto known and understood, that they
preferred to believe tlmt tho observors
did not report correctly what they saw.
Now, however, the existence of this
form of electrical discharge seems abundantly proved, und something like it
has even been produced in the laboratory. Tho latest word on tbe subject '1
appears to be an investigation by W.
M. Thornton, in which he shows that
very probably tho luminous, slow-mov
ing spheres called ball or globo light
ning are nothing but electrified masses
of ozone, produced by tho passage of
a previous discharge through atmos- * J
pheric oxygen. Says a writer ia Cosmos (Paris, August 12):
' * The way in which thsy move
through tho air makes it clear tbat
these globular lightnings are composed
of a gas heavier than air. Now, ozone
is the only gas denser than air tbat is
produced in abundance under the action of explosive electric discharges.
Ou the other hand, it is afllrmod that
tho dispersion of globular lightning
gives rise to the production of ozone.
On reaching the ground, globular lightning frequently undergoes a deviatian,
as under tho influence of u repulsion;
now tho surface of the earth aud ozone
arc geuerally charged negatively,
"The energy freed in the conversion
of a corresponding volume of ozone into
oxygen would suffice to explain the
explosive violence with which those
meteors burst. Finally, tho blue color
is characteristic of tho spurkless olec
trie dischnrges which in their passage
through tho air give rise to ozone. It is
also observed in the explosive combtna
tiou of oxygeu uud hydrogen; whon
nitrogen is present this flame is yellow.
Relying on these considerutions, tho uu
thor asserts that the principal compon
ent (although pcrhnps not tho only
one) of globular lightning is an uggre
gattou of ozone nnd oxygon partially
dissociated, sent out from a negatively
charged cloud by the train of olectrie
wavefl following .i violent lightuiug dis
charge."
USE FOR MICA
Coarsely ground or "bran" mica is
used to coat tho surface of composition-roofing material, to prevent the tar
or other composition used in its maun
faeture from sticking when the ma
terial is rolled for shipping.
LONG STEEL SHAVING
W. B. Huff, a machinist, claims to
have broken tho world's record by making the longest shaving ever produced.
While turning down n piece of vanadium steel he cut out a spiral sliver that
measured 155 foot in length strotched
out on the sidewalk.
Wooden shoes are popular ia some
parts of tho United States, and In Chicago, Grand Rapids and Holland, Mich-
ignn, moro ore worn than in Amsterdam, Holland. Tho Netherlands, it is
statod, finds this country its best customer for this kind of footwear.
113 THE ISLANDER, CUMBERLAND, B.C.
M<
DIZZY HEADACHE
CURED IN ONE NIGHT
a TROUBLED WITH HEADFULL-
MESS, EINOING NOISES, SPECS
BEFORE THE EYES, THE 8TO-
AOH  IS  AT FAULT
A Thief Caught by Camera
"X bad terrible pains in my head.
My appetite faded away and when I
did eat anything it disagreed and mado
me Tory sick for hours after each meal.
Tbe active pains in my stomach and
tbe dlsiy headaches I had to endure
almost aet one wild. Sometimes attacks
came on so severely that I had to go
to bed. I would feel so worn, depressed and utterly miserable that for hours
X wondn't speak to my family. My
system was poisoned with wastes and
nothing helped me till I used Dr. Hamilton's Pills. Without this grand system-cleaning remedy I would be sick,
but each day brought me better health
and spirits. I was cured and made as
strong, ruddy and healthy-looking as
one could wish, and will always use and
recommend Dr. Hamilton's Fills.
"MRS. B. C, CURRAN,
"Wostport, P.O."
Thousands who are in nn ailing, low-
state of health need nothing else but
Dr. Hamilton's Pills. 'Ihey euro blood
disorders, pimplos, rashes, bad color,
biliousness, liver, stomach and kidney
troubles. Mild, certain and safe. He-
were of imitations nnd substitutes, 25n,
per box or live boxes for $1,00, nt nil
denlers or the Catarrhozone Company,
Kingston, Ont.
HAIR GRAFTING
Tt is by no means an uncommon thing
for a workman to get part of his hnir
and scnlp removed by aeeidout, and
hithorto it has been impossible to make
hair grow again on such a place after
the roots have once beeu destroyed.
A woll-known doctor hns mado the assertion that hair growth can bo induced by applying finely-chopped hair
to the spot whero nature's natural covering has been removed by such nn
accident. The fine pieces of hair aro
kopt in placo by a suitable bandage
over tho injured spot. Tho doctor
claims that the pieces of hair soon tuke
root, nnd tho white spots indicating
tho locution of the hair cells appear
within a woek. The hair cells are
readily transformed to skin colls, nnd
so tho man's original covering of hnir
and skin is gradually roplaced.
PRESENCE OF MIND
A mother of four daughters, one nf
whom had  recently  married, cornorod
a rich young fellow in tho sitting-room:
"And which of iny girls do you most
admiref" asked  tho expectant ma.
"Tho married oue," was the quick
reply.
Tf
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GRANULATED EYELIDS
llurineDoesn't8m»rt-8oothMEy«Ptli
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National Drug & Chemical Co. of Canada, Limited, Dept. li. P., Toronto.   122
STAMMERERS
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The camera lias played its part
tho catching of many criminals, but
never more dramatically than in tlio
euse of Guy Fox, nu escaped thief and
bad man from a littlo bonier town in
Texas. An amateur photographer
named Cununnck wus oft' on the old
bulTulo trail which crosses a spur of
the Cimarron mountains and juts oft
into New Mexico. Ho was all nlono,
had boen told that he would probably
bo all alone to the ond of tho hills, uud
was footing rather devilish in his way,
whon he came noiselessly into an open
ing in young growth und gave a sudden
start—surprise.! nnd disappointed.
His Elysinn wildnoss wus occupied by
campers! A new white tent and au old
irayed ono, pitched on the bank of the
brook, showed in ugly contrast against
a fringe of green. Two persons wero
iu sigiit, n half-brood Mexican woman,
bonding ovor a camp-kettle, and a white
man, lounging in u light hammock.
Tho man got to his feet as Cummack
approached and stood in a careless attitude, with his hands locked behind
him. Ho wns a slender person of middle age, smooth of face, who, although
dressed in soiled duck, had the unmistakable look of a man of tho cities.
Uo exchanged greetings with Cummack urbanely, inquired whothor tho
photographer was bound on that ancient
highway, expressed nn interest in his
pleasant occasion, snid that ho lived iu
Dallas, Texas, uud that he hud come
to tho mountains to get rid of malaria.
He addod that he was succeeding vory
well.
Cummaek noted that tho stranger had
the appearance of a politician, uml was
puzzled by something familiar iu his
faco. Ho had, lie thought, met tho
oamper before; but he could Uot remember whero,
Ho occasionally puzzled over the familiarity of the face while climbing tho
precipitous patch. Then, struck by a
sudden whim, he returned to where ho
could look down from above ou the
spot where the man's camp had been.
Hut their tents had vanished und in
their pluco were diminutive figures clustered like unts on the greensward. His
field-glass showed him plainly several
persons packing for a move,
The half-breed woman and,a mnn of
her kind were swiftly cinching pucks
upon two ponies, wliiie tho white man
stood, apparently giving occasional directions. Three saddled animals stood
nenr nt hand.
lu Ave. minutes the packing had been
omplctcd, nnd tho trio, mounted, pushed into the bushes, following upon the
trail Cummack had just traversed.
The camera-hunter rode on. What
did that hasty camp-break meant Wus
tho white fellow a criminal—a "hide
out"? This idea ut onco flashed a
picture into Cummack's mind, und ho
slapped his thigh with an excited exclamation, llo knew who the man
wus!
Three months before, prints of thut
face—although then it bore u mustache
hud been published in all tho morning papers of his homo city. He wns
Ouy Fox, tho county treasurer. Tho
man was a politician—and corrupt; ho
was an embezzler who hud escaped with
seventy thousand dollars that belonged
to the county. There wus a reward
for uny information which should lend
to his arrest.
Cummack understood now why tho
camper had stood with bis hands behind him; ho hud been armed, and, in
spito of his apparent equanimity, ho
had been. thoroughly alarmed at the
appearance of a stranger, and had been
ready to shoot promptly in his own defence.
Suddenly Fummack conceived the
idea of playing the role of u detective
and of dispatching n photo of the man
to tho proper authorities. Could he
hope fo do this?    And  how?
Much oxcitod, ho determined to muke
the attempt. Scanning the rutted
banks' of the trail for a suitable place
to set his camera, ho rode onward rapidly for a quarter of a mile or more,
until ut length ho enmc to a turn in
the path that was ideally suited to his
purpose. Hiding beyond it a little wny
uud tying his horse to a bush, ho returned.
Setting his extended camera with tho
gray eye of its lens cunningly hidden
among weeds aud small bush, and laying
a gray spider thread of silk across tho
trail at just the right spot, took him
more minutes than he expected.
He had hardly finished his work and
got to his feet before ho heard the
muffled clatter of horses' feet. Already tho campers were so near thut
ho could not hopo to ride away undiscovered.
Stooping low and running quickly to
his horse, ho untied the animal and lod
it out among the high bushes of a lower
Hope. Fifty or sixty yards from the
trull he haltod, grasped tho muzzle of
his horse in both hands to keep it from
neighing? nnd listened breathlessly.
Tho cavalcade was coming at
round trot, and presently ho heard tho
woman's voice, urging on the puck-animals. Oood—sho nnd the ponies were
in the rearl No danger that any of
them, travelling at that rato, would dis
cover the camera.
In a moment ho knew thnt the string
of ponies had alt passed his camera-trap,
and ho felt the thrill of exultant hope.
Tlio snn was shining brightly, nnd beyond question if tho white man was in
front, he had left a picture of himself
on tbe film.
At this minute Cummack's hired pony
wrenched its muzzle freo of his clenched fingers and lot out a shrill, inquiring whinny. •
Instantly the riders on the pnth halted, nnd there followed a moment of
dubious silence. Knowing that nny
further uttempt at concealment would
be useless, tbe photographer determined
to  invite  discovery.      He  leapt  into
SMiWsGun
nrtckly slops condha. enraa cold*, haalr
the throat and lulls      •     •      20 eaat*
his saddle and rodo obliquely to the
trail, as if casually passing through
tho bushes,
Cunimuck hoard nothing moro of tho
travellers until he reached tho trail,
which ho struck whilo going nt a trot,
Then a clatter of hoofs at his hoois
told him that ho was closely pursued.
Neither reining in nor urging his animal
forward, tho camera-hunter turned
his saddle to see a swarthy Mexican,
with swinging riata, almost upon him.
Tho man had quietly kept even paco
with him ns ho traversod tho bushes,
and boforo he could realize his dangor,
ho felt a deftly flung nooso settle over
his shoulders. Ho was jerked violently out of his saddlo and struck tho
hard path on his head and shoulders,
For the moment the brouth was
knocked out of him. Wheu ho camo to
himself his hands wore tiod under his
back, Quy Fox wus sitting on his chest,
nnd the half-breed wus busily tying his
logs with the same braided rawhide
that had brought him to eurth.
It was too Into to struggle, and his
angry remonstrances were unheeded.
At length, nfter he had been tightly
tiod, Cummnck was left "to wait for
the return of his mates."
In vain Cummack shouted aftor the
man that he had no mates. Ia fivo
minutes nil sounds of tho cnvalcach, to
which his own horso had boon added,
nad censed, and tho luckless camera-
hunter was left to his reflections.
There wus no more comfort in them
than there was in his position. He
lay on his buck In a wido rut of the
trail, nnd the plaited rawhide, which
pinioned his wrists, had beon knotted
about his body and again about liis
thighs, knees, uud aides, Strain ns lie
might, he could move his body only
slightly by rolling liis shoulders. Thus
ho was compelled to lie us he hud been
left; that is, with the weight of his
body largely resting upon his arms,
His only hope of rescue lay in the
pitifully slender chance thut some hunt-
tor or prospector should como within
cull during the limited timo that he
could survive
At intervals Cummack raised a halloo,
as loud and long as his cramped lungs
would permit. In the meantime a
blazing midday sun nddod to his sufferings.
After two or threo hours, and as if in
answer to his shouts, n near-by rustle of
leaves and grass told him of tho approach of somo creature. Eagerly he
lifted his head to look in the direction
of the sounds, Not twenty yards away
he saw the pointed enrs nud inquiring
snout of a mountain coyote, which had
halted at tho edge of the trail to poor
at him. Ho shouted at the beast,
which shrank buck among the grass
and weeds, but ho listened in vain for
sound of its retreat.
Had the distress in his voice betrayed him? Hid the crenture understand
something of his helplessness?
He had little to fear from a timid
coyoto whilo ho could make a movement or lift his voice, but ho had frequently seen among thoso mountains the
tracks of bigger wolves—beasts that
would not long hesitate to attack a man
his condition.
His horror was so keen that he did
not again raise even a feeble haloo.
Somo timo Inter further slight noises
among the bushes told him of tho arrival of tho coyote's mate. As the pair
sat upon their haunches some rods
away, their prickod cars showed above
the weeds. Tho beasts were patiently
biding their timo.
Cummack wus now suffering so much
from thirst, pain, and heat thut all his
veins seemed about to burst. In this
awful misery he ceased to euro how soon
tho end might come. Toward mid-
afternoon he fell into n stupor, from
which donbtless he could never have
roused but fi)*.* the cracking Liiuudor
aud the splash of water in his face. He
was immediately drenched by sheets of
wind-driven ruin, which felt coo! nnd
grateful  to  his pain-racked  body.
Soon a littlo stream trickling be-
iLeutli him began to souk his back and
legs. Would the water rise high
enough to drown him? Woll, in that
euse death would come quickly and
easily.
lint the path where he hud fallen
was on a narrow slope, und drained but
littlo surface. Aftor the first heavy
downpour the rain foil gently und steadily, and for an hour the streamlet trickled under und around him.
A chill which had now struck to his
very bones was making him fall into u
cold lethargy, when suddenly ho real
ized thnt his bonds had relaxed; he
no longer toft the deadly pinch of the
rawhide!
With renewed hope, he began to fight
for Iiih liberty. For tho next half-
hour all his onorgies, mental and physical, wero concent rated on working his
right wrist out of its bondsl Ho wus
at tho point of exhaustion when his
hand, skinned nnd blooding, enmc free,
Although the half-breed had taken his
valuables, a jack-knife yet Iny in one
of his hip pockets. The rest of his
task was easy.
He recovered his camera, aud trudged
a sorry spectacle, into the railway station at Trnmpas Pubs. As quickly ns
possible he mailod a roll of undeveloped film, and sent a telegram to the chief
of police iu his home town.
In fifty-eight hours tho nnswer came
by wire: "Your film shows our man—
hang to his trail."
As it turned out, by uid of the clue
Cummaek furnished, the defaulter was
trailed and finally arrested in the City
of Mexico.
HAVE YOU A PAINFUL CORN?
What any corn needs is tho soothing
influence of Hut nam's Corn and Wart
Extractor, which in twenty-four hours
lifts put every root, branch und stem of
corns and warts, no matter of how long
standing. No pain, no scar, no sore-
just clean wholesome cure—that's tho
wny Putnam's Painless Corn and Wart
Extractor acts.   Got a 25e. bottle.
methods of regulating the water flow
A similar device was tried on 11.M.S.
Inflexible so far back as 188;..
MEXICO UNDER MADERO
For six years, unless death or rovolu
tion intervenes, Francisco I. Madero,
Jr., will guido the destinies of the people who prospered so long under *,he
iron hand of Parfirio Diaz. Will Mexico,
under Madero, go through a period of
order and development like that of the
Corns and worts disappear when
treated with Holloway's Corn Cure
without leaving a scar.
past qunrter-contury, with tho added
benefit of u freer, more equitable, aud
more democratic government, or will
Latin American history once moro repeat itself? American journalistic opin*
iOU prefers to give tho newly clouted
President tho benefit of the doubt, and
sees in his practically unanimous ue-
eeptmico by his fellow countrymen earnest that he will find it possible to curry
out his moro important campaign
pledges. In tho six years of his presidential term, notes the Now Vork Times,
"ho will be expected to reform the
courts of justice, remove all trammels
from the press, secure the passage of
intelligible election laws, improve the
system of publie education, und see that
justice is meted to nil men."
Madero'a unopposed election—for
General Keyos withdrew from the presidential race nnd left Mexico a few
duys boforo tho end of the campaign
—is set down by tho Fort Worth (Tex.)
Record as the only really freo and
peaceful election for tho chief magistracy in which tho peoplo of Mexico
have ovor participated. It was more,
declines tho Los Angeles Express; it
was "the culmination of tho campaign
for tho destruction of an autocracy and
the recstablishment of a republic,"
Though many aro inclined to agreo with
the Los Angeles Tribune that at this
turning point in her history "Mexico
is most fortunate to have Francisco Madero at tho holm," it is no less widely
admitted thnt the ruler has a mighty
tusk before him, and that the real crisis
is yet to come. Mexican rcsourcos have,
indeed, been pretty well devolopod, says
tho New Vork Tribune, "but the people
general have not risen to thu standard of intelligent, virtuous, independent,
self-governing citizens or to un adequate appreciation of the valuo and
of tho responsibilities of republican
government." To tho more skeptical
Chicago Inter Ocean the real test is not
yet, uud the election of October 1
proves nothing.   It explains:
"Tho test will como when thore is
nobody in the field who practically die
tales liis election, when there is nc
single dominant personnlity whom it is
perilous for would be presidential candidates to Oppose, when, in a word,
there are several real candidates for
the presidency of the Republic, each
with a considerable following nnd a determination to havo their ballots cast.
"If under thoso circumstances a president is chosen and peacefully accepted
by tho people and other candidates
alike, Mexico will have reason to bell .ve that she has embarked on a path
which docs not lead around by tflie old
way of revolution to a new dictatorship. Hut until she has met and stood
that test it is idle to imagine thnt real
republican institutions have taken firm
root in Mexico."
In Mexico, as in the United States,
the voters choose a president indirectly, through an Electoral College which
meets a few days after the genorut election. The choice of Madero is, of
courso, a foregone conclusion, but there
seems to be doubt as to which of the
three rival vice-presidential candidates
will bo picked. In the voting on the
1st, Pino Suarez, Madero's candidate,
seems to hnvo had a shade the best of
Provisional President He La Barra, candidate of the Catholic party, and Dr.
Ynsquez Gomez. If, however, he fails
of obtaining a majority of the electors,
the choice will pass to the Chamber of
Deputies, who are said to favor He La
Barra.
Tho Madero administration is credited with good intentions by the American press in general, though there is
some doubt ns to whether it can successfully surmount the obstacles in tho
path toward ideal republican government in Mexico. A critical note is
struck by tbo Philadelphia Catholic
Standard and Times, which remarks
editorially:
"It seems to bo n dead certainty
that the instigator and supervisor of
the late insurrection, Francisco Madero,
Master Mason and revolution manufacturer, will get his reward in the office
of president. Moro importance is attributed to the position of vice-president, however, by those who know conditions in Mexican administrative affairs, nnd for this there is said to bo a
very close race between Madero's nominee, Suarez, who is u Honduras revolutionary adventurer, and Senor do la
Barra, who represents the Catholic party as against the powerful Masonic
element in Mexico. 'Iho Catholics are
very snnguino of success, but thoy
ought not to underrate the power of the
secret lodges."
WATER ELEPHANTS
The scientific world is still discussing
tho reported discovory of u new mam*
mal in the Congo State; a mammal
known to the natives as the "water
elephant." Monsieur Lo Petit, of the
Paris Museum of Natural History, recently reported that ho saw five of
theso animals plunging into the water
ou the northern shore of Lake Leopold
the Second. He stated that they appeared to hnve shorter bodies, smaller
ours, und relatively longer necks than
ordinary elephants, and nparontly wore
not possessed of trunks. Ho estimated
tlieir height at about, six feet. It has
been pointed out that tho description
of the wuter elephant accords almost
exactly with Dr. Andrews' restoration
of the Pulneomnstodon, a, creature
which dwelt in the Fuyoum in the Lower Tertiary age.
SUFFERERS FROM PILES!
ZAM-BUK HAS CURED THESE!
ANCIENT PIGMENTS
With the revived interest in art, both
ancient and modem, I am somewhat
surprised that so little attention has
been paid to the recent exhibition by
Professor Flinders Petric of some re-
markablo color portraits which ho discovered iu nn Egyptian cemetery at
Fayoum. Tho cemetery dates from
about the first century, and its occupants woro probably Romans. The portraits which the Professor has discovered are painted on thin cedar wood, and
were used us n covering over the face
of ouch mummified body. Professor,
Potrie considers thut these nro probably
tbo earliest paintings known, und says
that mnny of tho portuits are of such
individuality nnd Strength as to challenge comparison with tho technique
nnd imagination of modern nrtists. This
is particularly remarkable from the
fact that the basic, material of the
paint is beeswax, which must havo been
melted to receive the pigment, nnd then
melted again immediately before use,
The colors have been found to consist
of mineral, ochre, nnd haematite, the
blacks aro charcoal, and the pinks and
purples nro madder.    It  is  interesting
REJOICE, YE LANDSMEN!
Of cures and preventives for seasickness thore have been no end. Many
attempts have also been made to diminish the rolling of ships, the most
successful of which, perhaps, bus been
the application of tho gyroscope. A
German engineer, named Frnhm, claims
to have solved tho riddle by placing
a tank on each side of tho vessel. The
two tanks are connected by a pipe providod with any suitable device for
varying its effective cross-section and
the frietional resistnnco opposed to the
flow of the wnter. In this way the
oscillation of the mass of water from
side to sido can bo regulated in period
and phaso so that it counteracts the
rolling tendency of the ship. The
Frnhm apparatus has given very successful results during n trial on two
of the Hamburg-America Company
steamers—the \! Ypirange'' nnd the
■ Corcorada," and is to bo Installed on
tueir colossal new liner, the "Europa."
The idea is not a new one, though apparently Frnhm has improved upon the
ShilohsGim
ialckly stops cona-ba. cms colds, koala
oo Iknol sod loo).     -     •     at cola
Friction uu the hemorrhoid voins that
nre swollen, Inflamed unci gorged with
blood, is what causes the terriblo pain
and stinging and smarting of piles.
Zam-Buk applied at night will bo found
to give ease before morning. Thousands of persons have proved this. Why
not bo guided by tho esperience of
otherBt
Mr. Thomas Pearson, of Trineo Albert, Sash., writes: "I must thank you
for the benefit t hnvo received from
Jiain-Buk. Lost summer ] sulTered
greatly from piles. I started to use
Kant-link and found it gave mo relief,
so I continued it, and after using three
or four boxos I am pleased to say it
hns efiectcd a complete cure."
Mr. fl. A. l-ufrosno, 183-180 St. Joseph Htreot, Ht. Koch, (Juobcc, P.(J.,
writes; "I can highly recommend Siam
Buk   to  ovoryone   who   suffors   from
Magistrate Hanford, of WeBton,
King's Co., N.8., says: "I suffered long
from itching piles, hot Zam-Buk has
now enrod mo."
Mr. William Kcnty, of Upper Nino
Mile Elver, Hants Co., N.H., says: "1
suffered terribly from piles, tho pain
at times being almost unbearable. I
tried various ointments, but everything
I trlod failod to do mo the slightest
good. I woh tired of trying various
rcmedios, whon I hoard of Zam-Buk,
and thought ns n last resource I would
give this balm a trial. After a short
time Zam-Buk effected a comploto
euro."
Zam-Buk is also a sure cure for skin
injuries and discuses, eczema, ulcers,
varicose voins, cuts, burns, bmisos,
chaps, cold sores, etc. 50c. box all
druggists and stores, or poBt freo from
Zam-Buk Co., Toronto, for price. Be-
fuse harmful imitations.
Try Zam-Buk Soap, 2.r,c. tablet.
to note, that several modem artists have
attempted to use beeswax in thoir pig-
meats, but tho results' have been unsatisfactory, owing to its tendency to
either harden too slowly, which causes
the colors to run, or too quickly, causing
the brush to become clodded.
"Do yon think he would bo cool in
timo of danger!" "I think liis feet
would."
WHEAT, BARLEY
OATS, FLAX
Owing to so much unfavorable weather, many farmers over Western
Canada have gathered at least part of their crop touched by frost or
otherwise weather damaged. However, through the large shortage in
corn, oats, barley, fodder, potatoes and vegetables, by the unusual heat
and drought of last summer in the United States, Eastern Canada and
Western Europe, there is going to be a steady demand at good prices
for all the grain Western Canada has raised, no matter what its quality
may be.
So much variety in quality makes it impossible for those less experienced to judge the full value that should be obtained for such grain,
therefore the farmer never Btood more in need of the services of the
experienced nnd reliable grain commission man to act for him, in tbe
looking after and selling of his grain, than he does this season.
Farmers, you will therefore do well for yourselves not to accept
street or track prices, but to ship your grain by carload direct to Fort
William or Tort Arthur, to be handled by us in a way that will get
for you all there is in it. We make liberal advances when desired, on
receipt of shipping bills for cars shipped. We never buy your grain on
our own nccount, but net as your agents in selling it to the best advantage for your account, and wc do so on a fixed commission of lc per
bushel.
We have made a specialty of this work for many years, and are
well known over Western Canada for our experience in tho grnin trade,
reliability, careful attention to our customers' interests, and promptness
in  making settlements.
We invite farmers who have not yet employed us to write to us for
shipping instructions and market information, and in regard to our
standing in tlio Winnipeg Grnin Trade, nnd our financial position, we
beg to refer you to the Union Rank of Canada, and any of its branches,
also to the commercial  agencies of Bradstreets and R. G. Dun & Co.
THOMPSON SONS & CO.
GRAIN COMMISSION MERCHANTS
703 Y Grain Exchange Winnipeg:
The Lamp That
Saves The Eyes
Children naturally never think of
possible strain on their eyesight when
poring over a fascinating book.
It is up to you to see they do not ruin
their young eyes these long evenings
by reading under a poor light.
The Rayo Lamp is an insurance
against eye 'troubles, alike for young
and old.
The Rayo it a low-priced lamp, but it is constructed on the soundest
scientific principles, and there is not a belter lamp made at any ptice.
It ii easy on the eye because ils light is so soft and white and
widely diffused.   And • Rayo Lamp never flickers.
Easily lighted without removing ihade or chimney;   my to dun and revrick.
Solid biaia throughout, with hudanme nickel finiihi alio in many other atylea ud Cniihct.
Aafc root cooler lo -how yoo hia lis. of Rayo lan-pti or write (or de-aicaiva circular
lo any aacacy ol
The Imperial Oil Company, Limited
113
m^^m
mrnmi
■^^mmmtmmmku
mmmmmM THK ISLANDER, CUMBERLAND, B.C
THE    ISLANDER
Published   every   Saturday   at   (JuiuWland,   B.C.,  by
iii i mul  L'lintUlg & I'tlbllsliitlLC Coiilpaliy
Charles C. Segrave,
Managing Editor,
Advertising rates pubhshucl elsuwIu-.-j n in   (.spur,
Subscription price $1.50 per year, payable in iiilvi.nct
Tl». editor does not hold   himself responsible for  views expressed by
correspondents.
SATURDAY, DEC. 2,    1911.
What the Editor has to say.
Tins is tbe nge of advancement not only morally ,not alone
in invention, tbe scientific management of factories and huge
companies, but tbe leaven of improvement permeates every
branch of business and conditions of life. Nowhere is this
more strikingly shown than in mercantile pursuits, as is attested by tbe printer's art. Never before in the historyof the
world have such sums been expended for advertising. Fractic
ally the newspaper has become the salesman of the mercantile
house, Takeup any of the big city dailies.the current magazines
and note the space, the skill, tbe art devoted to advertising and
note the cost, from #100.00 to §1000.00 per issue for each
advertiser. Think of the thousands of papers and magazines,
each with its burden of advertising. Think of the millions
expended therefor. And it must pay, there must be a profit,
or these millions would not be expended. Today, the advertising of a mercantile institution is the measure of its success.
Mn. BonDKX has definitely announced the abandonment
of the Laurier national navy scheme, Mr. Borden is entirely
consistent iu his objection to this scheme. It is not that he is
antagonistic to the new patriotic, national sentiment which has
grown up and which found expression in a proposed Canadian
navy. It is merely that Mr. Borden and the new government
desire to move cautiously; to spend no money on half-baked
proposals or sentiment. The Islander is heartily with Mr.
Borden in this matter. Millions could easily be sunk in such
scheme with no practical result to the nation.
The Naval Editor of the London Daily Telegraph has this
to say of tbe Laurier scheme: "It was unsound economically
and strateget'ically and was apparently a politica; makeshift.
The new government has revealed its strength in recognizing
thisTtruth."
The 5th Annual Convention of the British Columbia
Conservative Association, held in the St, George Hall at New
Westminster on the 24th inst., was probably the most notable
ofits history. There certainly was enthusiasm galore, and
the future was painted in all the rosier colors because of that
glad feeling which comes from victory.
Premier McBride was very happy iu his address and very
e irnest in his assurance that all demands of the Province
would be met by the government at 0 tawa,
THE Liberal Press is doing considerable bull-fiddling over
Mr, Borden's recently announced position in the Canadian
navy matter. Let them rest their roiled souls in peace. Every
Conservative stands as ready to protect his country as does
every Liberal. By the way, we did quite a little job of pro-
t icting when we shunted Mr.
I ley!    What!
Taft and his reciproc.ty scheme.
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
SIR EDMUND WALKER, C.V.O., LL.D., D.C.L., PliiiSiDENT
ALEXANDER LAIRD, General Manager
CAPITAL,- $10,000,000
REST, -   $8,000,000
FARMERS'   BUSINESS
The Canadian Bank of Commerce extends to Farmers every facility
for the transaction of their banking business including tlie discount and
collection of sales notes. Blank sales notes are supplied free of charge
on application.
BANKING   BY  MAIL
Accounts may be opened at every branch of The Canadian Rank of
Commerce to be operated by mail, and will receive the same careful
attention as is given to all other departments of the Hank's business.
Money may be deposited or withdrawn in this way as satisfactorily as
by a personal visit to the Bank. nn
OUIVIB' JiLfrND BRANCH.      W. T. WHITE, Manager.
THE VANCOUVER ISLAND NURSERY CO. rrpre' that owinR
io Ibe ricfut bitty lallt cf mew, U.iy have been unable to mate
their full dfli**ery »° early an prcrris'd Tbey bore, however, to have
tbeir lull rl ipmrut made in course o' a week or en.
It ii not too late to order NOW for this shipment.
Vancouver Island Nursery Co.,
Ltd.
Somenos, V.I.
Five minutes from school, postofflce find
store, one mile of road frontage, one-fourth mile
from beach, three mil is from Comox Price,
$35 OO per acre.    Easy   I enns     Apply t<
The Islan
Fire. Life, Live Stock
. . . Accident . .
Phone
P. L. ANDERTON,
Courtenay, B. O.
CflPEflJ-P LIIEflY 81SBLE3
OtOUTIER 4 KIRKBRIDE
PROPRIETORS
AU Kinds of Hauling Done
First Class Is For Iu
Orders Promptly Attended to
Pilsener Beer
The product of Pure Malt and
Bohemian Hops
Absolutely no chemicals used
in its manufacture
B ottled Beer Supplied to the Trade Only.
*=sBest on the Coasts^
Pilsener Brewing Co.,    Cumberland. B.C.
FANC\   CHINAWARE
A good assortment of Berry Sets,
•Fancy Cups and Saucers, Mugs, etc.
just opened out, also an assortment
of Toilet Sets.
A Full Stock of Furniture Beds and Bedding Always on Hand.
"The Furniture Store"
McPhee Block A.   McKINNON      Cumberland, B.O
^eabneit &^xoa\U$
\%
Offices: Comox & Courtenay.
FOB SJ^LE
CLEARED FARMS, BUSH LAND
AND LOTS
Agents for E. & N. Lands,
Comox District.
Beadnell & Thwaites
BwaaaPE——k
..!.
"Leading Tobacco King.'
Better known as
"LONG WILLIE"
Dealer in Fruits, Candy, Cigars
and Tobacco.
1%, Billiard Room in connection
I
GENERAL BLACKSMITHS
Horseshoeing a  Specialty
Third Ave., Cumberland
lev I
Local Agent for
The London & Lancashire
Fire Insurance Co
Get rates before insuring else
where
Office
Cumberland
•nR-MBHsgoHnH
luLJNDEH AIMING WES
Display Advertisements
") cent- per column Inoli piT month.
Special rate for ball page or more.
Condensed Advertisements
1 cent 1 won), 1 Isbuo ; minimum oliarge 25 cents.
No aocounts run for 'his class of advertising
A FINE LINE OF NEW
MA TERIA LS J UST RE-
.-   .-   .*   CElVEb   :   :    :
P. DUNNE
Up-to-date Merchant Tailor
DUNSMUIE AVENUE
Cafe
Courtenay, B. C, Next Doer to Opera House
caivieron & Mckenzie, Prors.
White Cooking
and
Only,
Everything Eirst Class
^ooooooooo<**c*o^oo^>c-o<>o<>c-ooj
P. PHILLIPS HARRISON
Barrister,   Solicitor   and
Notary Public.
6<><)«<*-*><*-->000<K><><K)OCK>C-C-C>OVv2
The right place for a good square or a
DAINTY LUNCH. ll
THK TfiLANDER  flVMUKHLAKlJ. li.C.
Christmas Gift Free
Merry Christmas
Merry Christmas
Merry Christmas
Merry Christmas
-^n
Christmas Gift Free
TO ALL
Gominq into my prem*
ises durinq the month
of December, will re*
ceive a
Merry Christmas
Merry Christmas
Merry Christmas
Merry Christmas
FREE CHRISTMAS GIFT
whether a purchase is made or not. Gifts are worth SI. to $5.
My advice is buy early and get selections
T
Ifc.C'i'fiJiaiifis
-Res Cut Giass' Jewc*^ryof ail kind8.
:•&*>■■'■:-   jtm^"'-'\   t-t>'-'ji''i'®h.  r.'-"-"'-''-^*>
Jeweller
Q. Mm AtWOV
t
Practical   Watchmaker
All Work Guaranteed
a
. . NEXT TO TARBELL'S, . .
Dunsmuir Ave   : ::   Cumberland
DI8:.R^ A.OENT IE. C. EDVHD.E3
The  Russell
AUTOMOBILE
The. only Car Made
in   Anieiicn   with
the "Silent Knight
Valveless Engine,"
Also made iu valve
. . . style . . •
Cleveland, Brantford, Mnssey-Ha-ris, Perfect and Blue Flyer Bicy-
oles' FairbanKB Morse Gas Engines; also the Moore Gasoline
Ligtiting Systems. Oliver Typewriters. Repairing of all kinds.
Bicycles Sewing Machines, Huns, etc.     Scissors and Skates ground
Rubber Tires foe Baby Carriages.    Hoops Jor Tabs
THIRD STREET, CUMBERLAND.
tp m iwm HOTEL
JAMES WALTERS,
PROPRIETOR
J THE "POOREST OF WINES, LIQUOR & BEER
ALSO THE BEST OF CIGARS.
DUNSMUIR AVENUE
CUMBERLAND, B. C.
•W*»»-.
Hapsti
Painter and
Decorator
Satisfaction
Guaranteed
All Work Done under
Personal Supervision
Orders may be left at
John Jack' store,
Dunsmuir Avenue    Cumberland
.50
a Year
im St;
The
Star
Third St. & Penrith Avenue
A. MAXWELL
Proprietor
All kinds of hauling done
First-olass Rigs for Hire
Livery and team work promptly
fflfflfg
Union Lodor No  H. I. O  0. F.
M efc*j t-VHr J Fi Miiv uvetiillg HV 7 oOlooli
in 1. o. 0. b\ Bull    Visiting brethem
.Vfll'-'llll)
Jas E. Aston, Skckktau\
WVVVSfVS'VVWN^AIVVtfVVVWVI/IAlVWVt (
Grocers & Bakers
Dealers in all kinds of Good
Wet Goods
Best Bread and 3eer in Town
Agents for Pilsener Beer
.rtfy******* ****■*■*-****■■***■**■*****■*****■-*■ ***■■**■ *%****|*%^**^| |***J*-U*1 jyl-J
THE
CUMBERLAND
= HOTEL ==
W. MERRIFIELD, Prop.
The finest hotel in the city.
F
THE BIG STORE
Don't Miss
Our
o o OiVJ • •
SALES
liilTBinr in Ir
AYS only *
Wonderful Bargains in All Lines.
SIMON LEiSER &CD.7UITED.
 i_
m mini •""—mi—i    -'-»»■■."■—■ TIIE ISLANDER, CUMBERLAND, B.C.
Chronic Throat Trouble
Permanently Cured
BEVEN DAYS' USE OF CATABRHO-
ZONE PERFORMED REGULAR
MIRACLE
Miss Counter's Case Proves the Wonderful  Efficacy o fCatarrhozoue
in All   Throat and   Nose
Diseases
Windsor, Out.. Oct. 80,—Miss Counter's case will prove of great interest
to evcryonn troubled with sore throat,
bronchitis  or  weal:  limy*.
When link oil for a statement, Miss
Counter said: "About seven years ago
I contracted a heavy cold tlmt settled
on my lungs and resisted all treatment. Aftor I had tried several doctors here and specialists in Detroit
without benefit, I went to my druggist
and nsked biro for tho best remedy
ho hud for cold on the lungs. Ho re-
eommondod Catarrhozone, which cured
my cold in one week. It brought back
my voice, and I havo been ever Blnoo
free from my old trouble. Kor coughs,
colds and lung trouble 1 am sure tlmt
Caturrhozono is tho best remedy. It
goes right to tho sore spot, gives quick
relief, and makes a lasting cure."
Catarrhozone cures because Its healing vapor is inbalo'l to the very places
that are sore and inflamed.
To permanently cure your winter ills,
your coughs, sneezing and Catarrh, by
all means use a tried ami proven remedy like Catarrhozone. But beware of
tho substltutor and imitator. Look for
Catarrhozone only, 50c. and $1.00, at
all dealers, or by mail from the Catarrhozone Company, Buffalo, N.Y., and
Kingston, Canada.
That Reminds Ne
THE PASSING OF COCHINEAL
It is tbe opinion of Mons. Loon
Digue., who ha*, beon studying tlio BtatO
of tlio ooebineal industry in Mexico loi
Borne timo, that Ijufuio many years huve
passed cochineal scarlet will have lie
come a thing of history only, liko tbe
Tyrian Purple of Antiquity. J womlci
how many people ore aware of the
method of manufacture of this well-
known dye. It is made from the dryed
female of tiie coehlnoai insects (Coccus
cacti). They aro gathered ity brushing
the brandies of tlie nopal cactus, on
which tlie insects feed as soon as they
begin to lay their eggs. Tliey are then
desiccated in ovens or lulled with boiling water. It lias beon estimated that
one pound of cochineal contains no fewer t.ian 70,000 distinct insects. The
color is brought out and fixed by chloride of tin. The Indians had cultivated
tbe Coccus cacti in pre-Columbian days,
but the couinicrcial possibilities of tho
insects seem to have been first realized
by the Spaniards in 1318. It was introduced into Kurope about 1523, and
into India in 1795. The City of Oa-
zacca was the centre of tho cochineal
country in the days of Humboldt, but
only a few plantations of the nopal
cactus now remain—hence the fear that
the *.ye will soon bocome a thing of
tho paBt, at any rato unless some other
substance is found on which to feed
tne insects.
Tho southern coast of the Mediterranean has been making trouble for
tho northern coast ever since history
the
Lady! "That pipo you were supposed
to have mended yesterday leaks as
badly as over."
Jobber: "Did you keep the cistern
empty, mum?"
Lady: "No, of courso uot."
Jobber: "Ah, that's wot's done it,
you may depend!"
Two inexperienced anglers went ilsu-
ing ono day. Ono sat down on tlio pier,
while tlio other stood. Just before oo-
ginning operations tliey mado a wagor
witli each othor as to who would make
the bigger catch of fish.
Tliey had been fishing for about half
un hour with littlo or no BUCCOBB, wnen
John, who was standing, lost his balance and foil oft tho pior.
As ho wont headlong past Dick, the
latter gave a yell, and suid:
"Hi, John, if you aro goin' to dive
for 'em, the bet's off."
...
"My love!" eriod tho wife, as she
found hor husband strapping up the
family umbrellas us if be wero off for
a month's holiday, "why aro you taking thoHo awayl"
"My dear," ho ropliod, firmly, "havo
you forgotten that this afternoon you
give a llvo-o-clock teat"
"But you suroly dou't Imagine my
guosts would steal?" said tho wifo.
"Htoall Who Buid they would? But
they would probauly recognize tho initials on tho handles," ropliod tho husband.
And then tho wifo protested no moro.
While Mr. Dodgo, of St. Louis, has
often beon in Kansas City, St. Joseph,
Dubuque, nnd othor widely known middle western cities, lie has nover been
turned loose in a city tbat counts its
population up in tho millions. Therefore he is worried a littlo about tho
way.he should act in New York.
Recently a New S'ork friend received
a letter from the St. Louis man, asking
for a littlo Information. Among other
things ho wrote:
"Shall I carry my money in a belt
or in my shoe?"
"It  doesn't make  any difference,"
replied  the   friend.    "You  caa't  hide
money in New York."
*    #    #
Moliero died while performing a part
in ono of his own plays.
The Archbishop of Paris would not
allow his body to bo inhumed in consecrated ground. Therefore tho king
sent for the archbishop and expostulated with him, but lie was obstinate
and wouhl not willingly comply with
his majesty's request.
Tho king desired to know how many
feet deep tlio holy ground reached.
The bishop replied, "about eight."
"Well," replied the kiag, "I find
there is no getting over your scruples;
let his gravo bo dug twelve feet; that
is four feet below your consecrated
ground.''
With a party of Chicago friends,
George Ade was motoring from his country home, Hazclden, to Kentland, Indiana, and while passing through a
dense wood tho party of braves was
held up by a lone woman.
After succeeding in halting the car,
the highwaywoman announced, in broad
Hoosier accent, her intention of taking
merely a ride.
"I nin't goin' to harm nobody, but
I've made up my mind to have a rido
in  one  of  theso   hero  things,  so  you
Stops a Deep-seated
Cough in a Hurry
A Family Supply of Unequaltd Couih
Ramedy for 50c—Money Refunded If It Falls.
Cough medicines, an a rule, contain a
largo proportion of plain r;;r.: >-c rood i::-
rivdlout, but ono that an^o^o can mate.
A pint of granulated sugar, with }i pint
of warm water, stirred tor 2 minutes, gives
you as pood syrup as money can buy.
A 50-cont bottle* of Plnox, mixed In a
lfi-oz, bottlo with home-made sugar syrup,
plves you 13 ounces of real!? batter oourfh
syrup than you could bv-7 ready-mixed for
18,50- Thero's n, clear savin3 ofCJ.OQ. Full
directions in package.
And money couldn't buy a quicker,
bettor remedy. Takes hold ut onco, gives
almost Instant relict, and u.-uu*-/ Bions
tho most obstlnnto, tloop-s;'ntwl cough lu
24 hours. It stimulates tho appetite, Is
slightly lax.it Ivo and has a plen«iuit taste—
children tuko It willingly. Splendid for
hoarseness, p..,; lima, oboht pnim, and other
throat troubles, nnd unequaled ior prompt
results In whooping eourh.
Tlncx Is a f;i- .■inl aid highly oonci-n-
trati'd compound of imported Norway
White I'iniM .r;ict, nnriiari hlnminlncol
nml oilier natural lie;:.lug pino elements.
Simply mix It M directed with sugar syrup
or strained honey,and It is nuuv for use.
Used In mon) homes In tho U. 8. and
Canada than any 01 hor oough remedy*
Pluox has often been imitated, but never
successfully, for nothing also will produce
tho samo results. The genuine is guaranteed to give absolute satisfaction or money
refunded. Certificate of guarantee is
wrapped In each paokago. ^ our druggist
bos Jrinex or will got it for you. If uot,
eund to Tho Plnex Co., Toronto, Ont.
There is   a   war   going   on ami
Kaiser  isn't  having  anything to    do I might as well make it go ahead,
with  it.      Somebody  must  be  holdingpaid, after seating herself in tho tou-
his coat-tails.
DODDS ' /
KIDNEY;
gKIDNE
Utt, TILLS
^NS-^S^
ABS0RBDHJ11,
liyivl
j numrxT
r       .      -r*-. —   — ——-— — -—,■« -.1%  (Oil IT
*^p\j-..nitre, Swnllfii GIiiih's, CVBtS*
-1 ■ -*■*---  v « Inn* VorJcoBJtca
.   tf illiuyjipainuu it.il.--i
■atluu im;..|-ily.  At-iif",
.1 •.inollilii'*, lllilir, |H:t\   i'lritft-
11 •■-•"tiui-'klyuhH-rt.i-dintiiHktii.
rf'illr J.rlirtr.iti.i'i* tilit (1(101 lint
bliri-'Tiir-lcr b;ni(l!ii;<. imr ratifii our
enplraiiintncss I <■»■ •!•• <■.*) ntiiv re<|ulr.'il nt erica
•p-.lle.iUim ARStmniNl^JiUtUUiir-druOr*
boltlo at arogBltti or dOllVOTOd. J took « (1 free.
W.f.YO|ING.P.D.F.,210lymunsBIHfl.,Montreil,C«l.
«|M tnrmt.M fc;  Itlift*.   SULK * iTyMI fl)., ttlM.tWf J
IIIt HtTIIIKal, DIM 11  A  11IKHU*l, IU, W|i.a1|>--i kAal-
mrjt tmUULHlUMih BHU*. 40., LU„ tlUWIM,       W    ,
Dr.Martels Female Pills
EIGHTEEN YEARS THE STANDARD
Prescribed and recommanded for women's attaints, ft ■■'ieim finally prepared remedy ef
proven worth. The remit from their m« li
■alck and perwauaiit. For tale tt all drug
•tore*.
Ohllllwack,   British   Oolumbia
The Garden of B.C., in the famoill Knmer
Valley. Finest firming and fruit land In tho
world. Irrigation unknown. B.O. Blaotrlo By.
from Vancouver! O.N.R. transcontinental nnd
Ot. Northern building. Ohilliwack u modern
eity—waterworks, elertrie light, etc Oreen
Paradise—no front, nn four month*'■ snow.
Write H. T. Onodland, Becy, Hoard of
Trade, Ohllllwaek, for all information, booklet!, maim, etc—THEN COM!:.
CANADA'S     GREATEST     SCHOOL
ESTABLISHED 1002.
Cor. Portaga Ave. and Fort St,
Awarded  first prize nt World's Exposition on its work and methods.
Write for a free catalogue.    We also
give Instruction by mail,
ncau.
When Ade recovered his composure,
he pulled out the throttle and away
they went.
The commanding officer of a corps
was much troubled nbout the persistent
untidiness of one of hia men. Reprimand and punishment, were unavailing,
The man was incorrigible. A brilliant
idea struck tho colonel:
"Why not march him up and down
the whole line of the regiment, and
shame hint into decency?"
It was done. The untidy warrior
was ordered to exhibit himself, and
march up and down tlte entire regiment,
and tho men told to have a good look
at him. The unabashed Pat halted,
saluted tho colonel, and said in the
hearing of the whole corps, with the
utmost fang froid:
"Dhirtiost regiment I iver inspected,
Borrl"
James Payn, the Knglish novelist,
once received a letter from a person
who ho did not know, praising his
works.
"1 liked to hear by books called
works,' " said Payn, "and I roplied.
Ho wrote me ngain, and T wrote in
return a jocose lettor.
He replied in like terms.
T wrote again, telling him a funny
story.
Ile sent mo a funny Btory.
I cupped it, and in a short time got
a ttoland for my Oliver. Finally, I got
an   indignant  letter,  commencing:
"8lr—Are you aware that I nm a
woswnf"
I often blush under the bedclothes,
ho   concluded-   when   1  think  of   the
st tries 1 teld that woman.
•    •    •
The audience held their breath as the
hero administered tho coup do grace
to his sworn foe, the last—the very
last— of the Mohicans, Then, spurning
the body with his foot, ho gnzed aoout
him, fenrlcss still.
See!" ho cried, his voice filled witu
hope once more. "The dawn breaks
bright upon the topmost heights!" But
it didn't. "See!" he bawled ngnin,
"the dawn breaks bright—breaks
bright—breaks, bright upon tho topmost heights!" Still darkness reigned.
"The   dawn!     The   dawn!"   the   hero
Asthma Victims. The man or woman
subject to asthma is indeed a victim.
What ean be more terrifying than to
sndilerly be seized with paroxysms of
Choking which seems to fairly threaten
the existence of life itself. From such
a condition Dr. .1. I). Kellogg's Asthma
Remedy has brought many to completely restored health nnd happiness. It is
known nnd prized inevery section of
this broad land.
cried.    "It   breaks—it   breaks!     Thy
dawn——"
Then slowly over the mountain-top
came a head. "Don't bo in such ii
'urry, guv 'nor. Better cut thnt bit out
The gas company's been and turned
tho gas orf!"
The irascible old gentleman had ordered a chicken, but when ho got it ho
wasn't satisfied—somo peoplo never arc,
" Waiter," ho yelled, " bring a
charge of dynamite and a hatchet and
an extra double steam-power coke-ham-
iner. This chicken's got to bo carved,
even if it is mado of Dreadnought
steel."
Tho waiter was desolate. "Very
sorry, sir," ho said, "but that always
was a peculiar bird. It even objected
to bo killed, though we always do
everything with the greatest kindness.
But this bird, sir, actually llew away,
and wc had to shoot it, sir—yes, shoot
it—it flew on to tho top of a house
nnd "
".Say no more," said tho old gentleman. "I see it all now. Vou shot at
it and brought down the weather-cock
hy mistake. John, my friend, nil is
forgiven."
Sadseaon-Sand may be small, but
when the season is in swing evory
available room is let, und bathing-machines, rabbit-hutches, nnd even dog-
kennels command high prices. Last
month it happened thnt a visitor to Sad-
sea saw the policeman soundly cuffing
a youth, and in surprise he went to
the constable for un explanation of the
youth's misdeeds.
"What has he done?" repeated the
representative of the law in disgust.
"Why, 'e's bin piekin' pockets, sir!
And if I ketch 'im at it again I'll give
'im a good 'idlngl "
"Why dou't you run him in?" asked
the visitor.
"Run- 'im in?" repented the guardian of the law in surprisp, "No fear!
Not just yet! Why, bless you, sir, wc
nin't runnin' anybody in this month.
The police-station and all the cells is
lot to visitorsi"
*    *    a
Colonel John S. Mosby, the fire-sating guerrila chicftian of the Confederacy, walked into a Washington hank
one morning, slapped down u check In
front of the aged cashier, and demanded the money for it.
"I will have to find someone to identify you," said the cashier. "This
check is made out to John S. Mosby,
but identification is a rule which we
must observe."
About three million shafts of blue
lightning were darting front the colonel'a ono eye. when another employee
of the bnnk hurried up and said he
knew Mosby.
"That old man should havo known
you, colonel," said the acquaintance,
whilo the old fighter was counting his
coin. "Ho was an ollicer in the Union
army."
"Now that he stands with his buck
to me, I recognize him perfectly," said
Mosby hotly. "I remember hnving
seen it twice—during tho war."
With the Horses
The first trotting horse association
formed in Lexington was in tho latter
BO'S, but wan in no way connected with
the present association. Tho first association broke up during the Civil
War leaving nothing tangible to found
an association on.
Tho present Kentucky Trotting Horso
Brooders' Association wus formed August 1. 1H7K, when a meeting for tho
subscription of stock was held in the
Phoenix Hotel. On August 11 a temporary organization was effected by the
election of Thomas J, Megibbcn, of
Cynthiunn, president; James M. Patterson, of Jessamine County, vice-president; Col. P, Burgess Hunt, secretary;
and Henry T. Duncan, Jr. (now Henry
T. Duncan, Sr.), treasurer. A little
later the permanent organization was
effected by electing Thos. J. McGibben,
president; John D. Wilgus, of Lexington, and Dr. L. Herr, of Lexington, vice-
presidents; W. II. Wilson, then of Lexington, but afterwnrds of Cynthiana,
sec eta ry; Henry T. Duncan, Jr., treasurer.
Ihe charter members of the association were R. West, John R. Viley, Alox
SMIoh'sGim
Juicily  -,<jp» rtnidh.*. curta cold*, liedr
'Ik- t.,.oo. nnil i-fi-i* •       '.'.:'*  ■ *dI»
Coons, M. M. Clay, A. II. Davenport,
R. T. Anderson, R. Ot, Stone, Hunt Bros..
Joseph L, Bwalt, Thomas Coons, A. J
Peters, J. L. Cogar, H. II. Qratz, T. J,
Mcgibbon, P. Robinson, Jr., W. II. Wilson, II. P. McGrath, R. Ferguson, S.
S. Goodloe, James T, Slmckleford, J.
Henry Chiles, John V. Breckenridge,
James Miller, John S. Lail, 8. M. Bowman, W. O. Cooke, A. J. Alexander,
Isaac Smith, William Preston, Levi
Herr, B. J. Trcney, Joseph M. Patterson, W. W, Smith, uud II, T. Duncan.
This list contains tho names of the
leading horsemen and lovers of the
sport of their day and many of them
aro still known wherever the trotter is
bred or raced. Nearly nil of theso men
have passed to tho grcut beyond und
very fow of the number remain.
Ouo horseman thoroughly conversant
with affairs of the time says that the
credit for the formation of the association is duo to Mr. William li. Wilson.
Mr. ..ilson wns un easterner, who came
to Kentucky und first settled near Lexington but afterwards moved to Cynthiana und founded Abdullah Park
there, lie was a believer iu Kentucky
as tho best place in tho world to breed
and raise trotters and time has proven
him correct. Mr. Wilson brought
Georgo Wilkes and Honest Allen to
Kentucky. He bred McKinney, 2:11
1-4, and owned many high-class horses
Including Simmons, iliilH, ami others of
oqunl fume.
Mr. Wilson resigned ns secretnry, nnd
Col. P. B. Hunt was selected to servo
in his stead. Cot. Hunt wus n true type
oi the old-time Southern gentleman.
Although a Union officer, he was well
liked by uvoryone, even though the
federals around Lexington were considerably in the minority. Col. Hunt
is still living and is uow making his
home iu Texas. He served from that
time through the year 1ST", whon he
r 'signed and Mr. Benjamin G, Bruce
was selected to fill his place. Mr.
Bruce served as secretary during the
years 1S7S, 1S70, 1881, and 1882, being
succeeded at that time by Francis Stevens, who acted as secretary in 1888
nnd 1884. The late Robert S. Stender,
father of the present R, 9, Steader of
Lexington, was the next secretary, lie
served one year, during 1886, Bernard
T. Smith came next, he also serving one
year, 18S(i. The next man to fill the
position was 13d. A. Tipton. Mr, Tipton began his term in 1887 aud continued through 1M7, serving a ful do-
cade. It was during his term of office
that the Transylvania, the Tennessee,
the Kentucky Futurity and some of the
other classics were first established,
Mr. Tipton resigned to become manager
of the late Marcus Daly's Bitter Root
Stock Farm, and his assistant, Horace
W, Wilson, was elected. Mr. Wilson
served from 1897 to 1901, inclusive,
when he resigned to accept a similar
position with the Empire City Racing
Association of New York, and Elliot
W. Shanklin wns elected secretary. Mr.
Shanklin served during tho year 1902,
hut died a few days before the opening of the 1903 meeting, when Mr. Wilson again assumed the duties, and he
has continued up to tho present time.
The only living ex-secretaries of the
association are Messrs. Wilson, Tiptoa,
and Col. Hunt.
The first president, ns above noted,
was T. E. Megibben, who served from
1873 to 1882. He was succeeded by
W. II. Wilson, of Cynthiana, who held
the position for two years. He was
succeeded by Gen. P, P. Johnson, now
president of the National Trottiug Association, Gen. Johnson was succeeded
by Mr. Percy S. Talhort, who was pre*
sident one year. He was succeeded
by Major II. C. McDowell, for whom
the McDowell stake was named, Major
McDowell was tho grandson of the im
mortnl Henry Clay, and owned many
horses of note, including the great matron Ethelwyn, 2:33, and the equally
famous sire Dictator, from which mat*
ings came a world's champion in Impetuous and other fast ones. Major
McDowell neld the position for u number of years, but resigned ufter the
meeting of 18WJ, nnd was succeeded by
Gen. Johnson, who served a second
term of four years, 1897, 1S!)8, IS!)!, ami
1000. Ho was succeeded by R. P. Stoll,
who served in 19oJ and 1902, and who
was elected for' tho position again in
1903, but whose death occurred in April,
1908. The next president was R. R. C.
Estill, of Elmhurst Farm, the breeder
of Country Jay, Kentucky Todd, etc.,
and the owner of their dam, tho illustrious Paronelln. Mr. Estill served
from 1003 to 1007 inclusive. R. C.
Stoll, son of R. P. Stoll, was elected to
the place of honor in 1008 and served
ti'l May of the recent year, wheu the
truck changed hands and Mr. Htoll resigned. Ed. A, Tipton was elected president.
Tho oldest stakes offered by the association are the Kentucky, for three-
year-old trotters, und the Lexington,
for two-year-old trotters. Both of
theso were founded in 1876. The Kentucky was first worth $600, and tho
initial event was won by Girl E. Queen,
driven by Dr. Herr, best time 2:33 14,
Tho race is now annualy worth $2,000,
and the record for the rnce is 2:0t 3-4.
Colorado I-'., the world's champion three
year-old trotter, obtained Ins record in
tho second heat of this race. It was
also in this stake that General Watts,
2:011 3-1, broko tho three-year-old
world's record,
Tho Lexington was worth hut $200
the first yoar when it was won by Oddfellow, driven by B. II. Neale, best
time 2:44 1-2. It is now worth annually $2,000, aad the record for the event
is 2:10 3-4, made last yoar by Silent
Brigade.
Tho first big stake offered by the association was in 1887, when a purso of
$1,000 was offered for free-for-all trotters. This race brought together Prince
Wilkes and Be'le Hamlin, and attracted
the largest crowd that ever snw a race
in Lexington up to that time. This
proved a ten-strike for tho association
nnd started the popular desire (the
"call of Lexington") to see the Lex
ington trots that has grown each year
Biuce.
As to finances, tho association has
hnd comparatively easy sailing from
1887 down to tno present year with tho
oxcoption of the years 1893, 1894, 1895
and 189(i, during what is known as me
panic period. In 1892 the association
■vns practically reorganized, and in 1803
bought a half interest in the Fair
Grounds, thou owned by the Kentucky
Agricultural nnd Mechunical Association. Tho Pair Association could not
pay off its obligations und tho trotting association was compelled, in
order to save tho grounds, to
buy the other half of the stock,
which they did, and in ordor to nccom
plish it, found it necessary to issue
mortgage bonds that woro takon up tho
stockholders and tho debt gradually
paid off. Kd. A. Tipton, then the secretary, says that it was very hard to got
even the'stockholders to take tho bonds
because of the terrible scarcity of
money.
Tho $21,000 Kentucky Futurity, the
annuul classic of trotting horso events,
was inaugurated in 1K90. The first one
wns trotted in 1894, and won by Ore
Wilkes, driven by J. II. Goldsmith, best
time 2:14 1-2, At that time it wns
not callod the Futurity but tho Stallion
Representatives Stake,
About this time the association decided that it would bo better to increase
the amount guaranteed and havo tho
mares nominated ruther than tho stnl-
lions; so in 1891 it startled tho trotting
liorse world by announcing tho Futurity
under practically the same conditions
tnat it is trotted under today, guaranteeing it to bo worth $86,000. Boforo
tais was announced there wns some
bitterness owing to tho fact that somo
of tho directors and stockholders believed that such a large guarantee fund
SAVED HERSELF
YEARS OF PAIN
PILLS FIRST
IF SHE HAD USED DODD'S KIDNEY
Mrs. McRca Buffered for ovor two years,
then two boxes of Dodd's Kidnoy
Pills made a new woman of her.
Previl, Gnspe Co., Que,, October 30
(Special)—That she might have escaped two years nnd seven months of suffering had she tried Dodd's Kidney
Pills in tho first place is the firm conviction of Mrs. John McRen, an old
and respected rlsldent of this place.
And this is the reason she gives for
believing so:
"For two years and seven months I
was u sufi'eror from Kidney Discaso
brought on by a strain and n cold.
My eyes were puffed and swollen, my
muscles cramped aud I suffered from
neuralgia and Rheumatism, My hack
ached and 1 hnd pains in my joints.
"For two years 1 was under the doctor's care, but he never seemed to do
mo any lasting good. Two boxes of
Dodd's Kidney Pills mado a new woman of me."
To save yaursclf suffering cure your
Kidneys nt the first sign of trouble.
Dodd's Kidney Pills aro the one sure
enro.
Useful Around the Farm
"Enclosed please find ono dollar for
which pleaso send mo two targe 60c. bot
tlos of Nervilino. It is n remedy that I
do not euro to bo without. It is especially good around tho farm for man or
beast. 'Iho worst neuralgia it eurra a*,
once. For n cold, sore throat or eboti*;
affection, nothing is better than Ke.'vi*
lino.
(Signed)    "Richard Haml/a,
"French River, Ont."
Got Norviline today. Sold by all
dealers, in 25c, and 60c. bottles.
would wrock tho association, somo going so far ns to threaten nn injunction.
Noiiiing of the kind was done, how-
over, and tho race was the groat event
of 1894, whon it was won by E. W.
AyreB* Buo/.ettn, driven by Gun Macey,
before one of tho largest crowds tbat
ever assmobled on the track. The record
for the race is now hold by Ctarovnn
at 2:07 1-4, made in 1909.
Tho Transylvania, the famous all-age
race of each year, wns inaugurated in
1889, a your boforo tho first Futurity
was announced, Tho success of tbe
Transylvania prompted a similar race
for pacers, a nomination stake, and tho
Tennessee was inaugurated nnd first
raced in 1895, Tho Transylvania record v2:04 14) iH held by Ponsia Maid.
Transylvania is the name nndor which
Kentucky was known.
The Tennossco wns named for her
sistor state, tho home of tho llnls, which
woro then far in the lead of all others
in the matter of producing stake pacers,
anil the first Tennessee was won by the
champion Star Pointer, bred in that
State, The record for the rnco Is hold
hy Minor Heir at 2:01 1*2, mode in
1908, the year it was won by Jerry B.
ami some six or seven world'a records
broken,
Next, to these races tho McDowell
and The Walnut Hal! Farm Cup aro of
the most interest. 'Iho former was first
introduced in 1S90 when it was won
by Bron Rogers, driven by Richard Cur
tis, best time 2:13 1-2. The record for
the race is 2:05 1-2, made in 1910 by
General II.
The Walnut Hall Farm Cup ii a
$3,000 race guaranteed by L. V. Hark
ness, proprietor of Walnut Hall Stock
Farm. Mr. Darkness donates a hand
some cup for the winner each year,
which is highly prized by owners. Tho
record for the Walnut Hall is 2:04 3-4,
held by Joan,
The association is now on the threshold of a most successful meeting and
bids fair to live and prosper long after
those who have labored so hard and
faithfully to put it where It new is
have passed away.
Clean Stomach, Clear Mind.—The
stomach is tho workshop of tho vital
functions and when it gets out of ordor
tho whole system clogs in sympathy.
Tho spirits flag, the mind droops and
work becomes impossible. Tho firBt
caro should be to restore healthful ac
tion of the stomach, nud the best pre
partition for thnt purpose is Parmelee's
Vegetable Pills. General use for years
hus won thom a lending place iu modi
cine.    A trial will  nttest their valuo.
You Can Stop
Looking
for TroiHo
Among your IiorsoB for fi>*tr DiBti-niper, Pink Kyt-, Influenxa or
Cuturrlttil Fever will uttnek and ruin boiih- of them, if you wilt
iiki- on th« first Indication of the ilittwotp SPOHN'S LIQUID
DISTEMPER CUBE. It is the Imftt conditioner und kidney
remedy you run tiud. 50 cents n tiotflr, iff- » doxen, and Bold
by all eund  druggists,  turf jt-nnls homes or nuinufaclurflrs.
SPOHK MEDICAL CO.,  CMalst! III llCtltlQll-ltll, 60SHEI,  III., 1.1.1.
'WINCHESTER
\ Smokeless   Powder   Shells
and "REPEATER"
;uperiority  of Winchester
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For Field or Trap Shooting.
Ask Your Dealer For Them.
seeeaaeeeeeoaeeaeooaaBi
!
The Poor Man's Friend.—Put up in
small bottles that are easily portable
and sold for a verysmnll sum, Dr.
Thomas' Kclectric Oil possesses more
power in concentrated form than one
hundred times the quantity of mnny
unguents. Its cheapness and the varied
uses to which it can he put make it the
poor man's friend. No dealer's stock
is complete without it.
Licensed
McBEAN BROS.
GRAIN COMMISSION MERCHANTS
Bonded
We UHfl our twenty ycurB' experience in the grain liuBincBB in WeBtern Canada
when marketing all grain iniiiignmeutB to hcBt ndvuntagu fur Bhippi-r. We handle
wheal, oati, hurley and flax shipped in car lotu, giving epecial attention to th*
grading of each ahipnx-r.l, ai'd look after it until finally unloaded in the terminal
elevator. Good udvain-i's made on bills of lading, and after aale U made prompt
returns Rent to Bhipper. Uur commission charge is the lowest allowed by the
Rules of the Winnipeg Grain Kxcliange, of which we arc members.
Aa soon as your car is billed forward, send the shipping bill to ui with instructions nbout holding or selling, and we will attend to the balance of tht
husineBfl for you. Ship one car to ua and you will contnlue to ship for years.
We UNDERSTAND thia BUSINESS THOROUGHLY, and that COUNTS.
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McBEAN BROS.
GRAIN EXCHANGE   •   •   •   WINNIPEG, MAM.
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WINNIPEG, MAN.
Ill THE ISLANDER, CUMBERLAND, B.C.
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Oollege open t-hroutrhoutthe whole
year. Students may joiniitanytime.
"Iki Pmctlcil Collect"
Writ, for fre. catalogue.
CANADA BM1Q.   DONALD 8T.
WINNIPEO, MAN.
D. COOPER, C.A      *      Prlnciptl
The Ousting of the Turk
An Explanation of Italy's Sudden Eaid on Tripoli
(By Vunce Thompson)
Well, Well!
JTHISLaHOMEDYI
Jta» ANYONE
i use
dyed ALL Ihesa
> DIFFERENT KINDS
of Goods
-srlfh (he SAME Due.
I used
i
DYOLA
ONE DYE^ALl KINDS"*
CLEAN and SIMPLE to Use.
NOchincenrullntttha WRONG Dyeforth«Go«di
on-* I jt locultir. A'i*oli>r» liom ymir l>ni|:iii*,t ar
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WINNIPEG, MAN.
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r. C. CAMDTT. C. E. WIS5IHS.
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fJanw-l -limcttw.l Itt.1-4l.l4bi-* ta
ENDSOR SUPFT.T CO.,
saW, Oil.
MISMANAGEMENT     OF     THE
LOUVEE
Rovolat'mns of Louvre imsnntnngo-
ment continue to aiuuzc tho world. A
Paris art expert now snys that .12:1
pictured huve been taken from the galleries and thut most of them may bo
found in government utllccs and doing
a decorative work that could be performed as well by chromou.
Any government nllieial who wishes to
ornament tho walls of his ollice may
■lop ovor to the Louvre and take a
Bonbons, Corot, David, or Reynolds.
Tho story B0OU1B Itu incredible one, but
is anything Incredible of u democratic
bureaucracy!
A CHANGE OF FRONT
Sir Arthur Conan Doylo is at least a
mas of courage. After many years of
persistent resistencc to homo rule, aftor
fighting two parliamentary elections on
nn antt-Triah platform, ho now announces that ho has changed his mind
and will stand henceforth in lino with
the government forces. Such n sudden
change of heart haa naturally aroused
both exultation and consternation.
Homo rulers see in it a further presage of victory, whilo Conservatives are
loud in denunciation of what thoy call
an inconsistency. It may bo notoil
that consistency is usually a virtue of
■mall minds, and of thoso who never
change their minds because thoy havo
very little mind to change
Soon thore will bo nothing of Turkey left but the wish-bone.
The older the Young Turks become
the more trouble thoy seem to got into.
Peevish, palo, restless, and sickly
children owe their condition to worms.
Mother GraveB' Worm Exterminator
will relieve them and restore health.
Whon the news was cabled undersea
thnt Italy was Bonding hor wurships to
Tripoli, then nine men out of ton asked
lightly: "What's it all about? And
where 'b Tripoli any way f"
Here is tho answer.
Whenever the great powers have nothing elso to do thoy pick tbo pocket
of the Turk. One by one thoy havo
taken—by force or duplicity—the vast
and beautiful provinces of Turkey in
Europe. Ono by ono: tho Dobrudja,
Montenegro. Soma. Houmiiuia, Bosnia,
Herzegovina, Bulglliirin. Crete-
Then tho groat powers reached ovor
into Africa and helped thotnsolvoB to
the Mussulman possessions. France
took Algiers and Tunis aud Is in the
way of taking rod Morocco. Whereupon
Italy lifted a small hungry voice. It
was a voice from far off; it wns a voire
from below; and it said: "What do I
get!"
Italy was but a littlo sister among
these swaggering powers. She touched
tho heart of the Gorman bully nud ho
made answer: "Vou, littlo sister, shall
have Abyssinia and Tripoli." You
might have thought—with such un uir
ho said it!—they wero his to givo. Lit-
tte Italy bobbed a curtsy (all this was
as long ago as the Congress of Berlin)
and went home quite content. In due
timo she thought of "taking" Abyssinia. Vou are still haunted by a memory of the dreadful disaster that be-
full -ior troops—hacked to pioces in the
lin.od hills by the black, herctiral Chris-
tiana of thut wild land. For yours there
was peace—the peace of the broken
lioad and the empty purse. Being at
peace, Italy grew—in population, in
manufactures, in wealth. Sho had to
Hnd outlets for her industries, places
abroad for her superfluous sons, And
she thought of Tripoli. Sho had never
thought of Tripoli, I fancy, had it uot
heen for a strange Oeriuaii lid venturer
who came buck (having eaten hiishisti)
from that easternmost of the Darbary
States.    This man's name was Hohll's.
It. is quite true that tho interpretation of modem history is to he sought
in economic facts; but now and tli en
comes a mini who crashes his way
through furts, as n bull goes through
a hedge. G. Hohll's was that kind of a
man. It wns not in my destiny to meet
him nt the crossroads of life, but I like
to think of him as a large, hairy man,
Cull of wine and dreams and prophecy.
». hat he said to Italy was: "Tripoli is
tlio key of Africa. Who holds Tripoli is
lord of all Sudan." A tempting phrase,
dripping and juicy and greed-awaken
ing. And what n picture he drew of the
interior of North Africa, whence ho had
come!
I Jeh ind the mountain chains und
steppes which border the Meditenan
ean shore he hud found a great barren
plain uf sand and salt, where once nu
inland sea had Iain—the Sahara, the
Great tJesBort, Beyond lay the mysterious Beled-es-Sudan—i—e Land of Black.
faced Men. Oh, a fabulous land, rich in
gold, in ivory, in ostrich plumes, in huge
forests where troops of elephants went
trumpeting, where black-faced men
squntted naked iu the tropical sua, waiting for the kindly whites, who should
bring them glass beads from Venice
nnd rolls of cotton cloth from Milan!
Humbly thoy sat, with gold dust und
ivory in their outstretched hands. Do
you wonder men went mad at the prospect? (Thero wns nne little sugar millionaire in Paris, the name laid upon
him by fato being Lebaudy, who proclaimed himself "Emperor of tho Sahara" and set out with ships and men
to claim his empire of sand and salt.)
Italy rose to it, as n pickerel leaps to
the glitter of a silver spoon. Tripoli
tan societies wero formed: thero was
even a Tripolitan party in the Italian
Chamber of Deputies; thoy had boon
robbed of Tunis—which should hnve
boon their proy—and the taking of Tri
poli should be thoir revenge. For, mark
you, Tripoli is the only point whence
tho Sahara can be reached from tho
Mediterranean. My brave German adventurer—G, Kohlfs, he of the hnir and
the hashish--explained this thing. The
double gulf of Tripoli is a port at the
very door of tho Sahara. The ships of
Kurope could land at its quays; the
caravans of tbe desert come to its suq.
Indeed, the four or live caravan routes
from the land of gold and ostrich
plumes and ivory lest) one aad all to
Tripoli. To be sure, said 0. Kohlfs, all
wns not plain going by those roads of
sand and salt. Fierce Herhers rode
down upon tho caravans and plundered
thom; and if not Berbers, then Toua
regs, who were the color of bister, or
Azdjors, whoso faces were the color of
wet plaster—hard-rid ing robbers, iu
striped cloaks of brown and white, gun
bearers. Commerce could not como
safely through these tribes of pillaging
rootles, That year, whereof G. Kohlfs
spoke, there slipped through ouly 8,82'
camels, with only n few million finncs'
worth of goods. Plundering sheiks and
emirs looted the other caravans and
left fie gemmnliu dead ia tho sand.
But were Italy lord of tho laud?
And he pictured endless lines of dust
colored cnmels, rolling Tripoli-ward, la
don with the gold and ivory and ostrich plumes, whereof you know; and
journeying back again to Wadai, to
Kancm, to Sokoto, to Bornoil, charged
heavily with Milanese cotton cloth and
glass boads from Venice And then
a railway; and then cities (as of old
when the Roman peace lay upon Tripoli), habited by dark, little Italinns
from Sicily, from Calabria,
Drunk with this hashish dream for
two decades, Italy has planned nnd
plotted to take that Barbary State
from the gloomy Turk; always sho has
waited her chance—while France is busy
in Morocco, whilo Austria is respectfully
quiet round hor dying Emperor's bod,
while England and Germany are liko
the two china dogs on tho mantolpieocf
Tripoli tho key of Africa—tho gnto
way to tho Sudan.
Less exuberant explorers havo de
molished tho dream of G. Bond's. The
latost nnd best informed of these In*
vestigntors Is Lieutenant Baquoy of
the Fiftieth Infantry, a French officer
of   distinction.   It   was   from   him   I
learned the empty ness of Uonlf's dream.
Thero is no way of transit from tho
Mediterranean to tho Sudan—no practicable route across tho Great Dosort.
Modern commerce cannot go on the
back of a camel.' Tho door of tho Sudan opens not on the Sahara, but on
tho Atluntic Ocean, on tho Gulf of
Guinea, and on tho Bed Sea. Thither
tho great steamships go. And by tho
great rivo.-s—by the Senegal to tho
wost, by tho Niger to the middle, by
tho Congo und the Chari to tho south,
and by the Nile to tho oust—tho white
powers will Bond thoir goods to tho
very heart of the Sudan, where squat
the black faced men, gold dust in their
hands and ostrich feathers iu thoir
kinky hnir.
Moktub, said tho Turk: it la written.
What then does Italy want with tho
Turkish vilayet of Tripoli?
Two reasons urge hor on: ono is political and the othor economic,
lu tho first placo, she Is ringed round
with alien powers. Hor seaboard is
grimly guurdod against hor. Franco
has taken hor Corsican Island; England holds Malta; aguin France holds
Tunis against her, mid Austria, on her
other sen, possesses Finnic, Trieste,
1'ola. Now tho province of Tripoli
will give her control of the Africo-
biolllau strait. Moreover, Malta lies
at the mercy of Tripoli, and the possession of the Turkish province is a stop
toward the recovery of the English-hold
island. ,
Economically, Tripoli is not wholly
unimportant. It, furnishes an outlet
for the manufactured goods of Lombar-
dy anil Piedmont} and—cleaned of the
Touarog robbers—the oases of the pro-j
vinco may regain tlieir ancient prosperity and their former population. Today there are about a million inhabitants in the four Bubprovlncoa of Tripoli proper anil in Cyrenaica. No land
—I refer more especially to Cyrenaica
—could better suit those 20,000 Sicilians who are forced by poverty to emigrate each year. (By tho way, do you
know that the poverty of Sicily la due
to California und Florida, which have
robbed her of her monopoly of providing fruit for Europe?) Of old there
were great cities iu Cyrenaica. You
may see their ruins today—Gyrene and
Apollonla and Ptolomuls. It is a rich
land, fertile, and well watered, with
tall, green mountains—a fragment of
Europe rather than un edge of the Sahara. Greeks of old mado it a laud of
wealth; tne Italians may easily do that
same thing. Even ns it is, Tripoli, in
good years, feeds Malta—including tho
red-coated Englisli garrison, which consists of 7,(Hi!* officers and men—sending
cattle and shcop.
Italy, you see, not. only wants Tripoli;
as well she needs it. Without opening
the door of the Sudan—there need he
no further reference to gold dust and
ostriches—its possession will give hor a
tolerable market and an excellent colony for her hungury southern Italians.
(The latest consular report which 1
havo at hand stutes that in one year
Tripoli sent nearly $10,000,000 worth
of goods to Europe and to the United
States-. Ivory to the value of $2,000,-
o.. i went to London, and as well caravan gold—brought across the desert-
worth over   $415,000.      About $0,000,-
000 worth of ostrich plumes went to
Paris. New York got hides and pelts
to tho value of $2,319,600).
The vilayet of Tripoli, then, is well
worth taking away from the melancholy Turk.
Of course, the cost is to bo counted.
1 do not fancy it will be great, cither
in men or money. The cablegrams seat
to the daily papers state that the Sultan has 30,000 troops in the province.
This seems to mo the wildest sort of
exaggeration, unless it ..as rainod nsker
and nizam in Tripoli during the last
few months. Mossein Musni Pasha,
who is, 1 presume, still the governor-
gcncrnl. had officially 10,000 soldiers;
in reality he could not have mustered
4,000; and these troops, you should bear
in mind, are scattered through the four
subprovinces, especially in Khoiuo and
Fezzsn. They are a poor lot, anyway,
badly paid, badly fed, discontented—
victims of the Young Turks at Constantinople even ns they were the victims
ot tlio Old. The Turks are brave men.
When you meet the Mussulman you
meot courage of the finest quality. But
yonder in the vilayet of Tripoli, what
are these brave mou to do, half fed,
half found, without proper arms or ammunition?
The military problem is simpler still.
Tripoli is, ns I have written nnd you
have read, aa oasis—an island, if you
prefer—lying between tho Mediterrun
can Sea and the sund sea of the Sahara, In its present wretched state,
misgoverned, mismanaged, rubbed and
looted, it cannot feed even its civilian
population. For the troops and functionaries—a swarm of Young Turk locusts—it has tu import flour, aud it
can import it ouly from the Boaaldo.
(Sahara-ward there are only sand and
salt, sun-dried bones and camels' dung).
The Turks of Tripoli are fed by the
Italians, way-faring oversea in tho
boats of the Soclota dl Navlgazlone
1 tali aim. Last year Itutv fed to the
Turk of Tripoli $640,000 worth of flour
and meal. All the Italian fleet has to
do is to cut off this supply, In a week,
in two weeks—there is no necessity
for being precise—the Turkish pnshu
will hand them over his province for a
mess of pottage; and not a shot need
be fired—nor mobile disembowel nizam.
Unless—>
When you have to do with Islam,
"unless" is tho most valuable word in
the dictionary. You can uevor fortell
what the Mussulman will do. He is at
onco mysterious and mystic, I remember standing outside n mosque. It was
after the procession of Kisweh (which
is the sacred carpet of the tomb of
tho Prophet), nnd they wore chanting
a sura of tho Koran. The things thoy
prayed ngainst woro these: Tho mischief of creation, the mischief of the
night, the mischief of weird women.
Now that is a remarkable prayer. He
who prays it is not as other men are,
calm, judgmatical, taking life by the
practical sides. And it is just thore
you come upon tho unknown quantity
in the Mussulman. Ho is a believer.
His creed—liko Aclimod's mure—is
prized abovo his wifo. And hia creed
teaches him strango things. His pat*
tmilisiu and his religion are ono. Wher-
ever ho may bo he faces the East. Ho
burns with a tiro beside which all othor
fanaticism is pale. Of all Mussulmans
this is true. It doos not mutter whence
they have como—thoso of Africa as of
Asia, as of Europe, of Constantinople
us of Tripoli, the city dwellers and the
nomads, tho sheiks who pray in marble
mosques, or tho camel drivers of the
Sahara who kneel and make their oblations in sand; wearers of tho turban
or tho foi*, tho pasha or tho Bad boy
who hawks imitation rugs in Now Jersey—one and all are of this creed,
which seems mysterious and terrible because it is other than ours. And ono
und all thoy expect the "Master of the
Hour." Thoy are conquered and resigned; thoir politicul chiefs aro rogues
and imbeciles; but grimly thoy wait
for the coming of that Mahdi who shall
freo tho world of Islam and drive out
the infidel.
busily onough Italy will conquer
Tripoli, unless—
Unless hor landing of troops on Turkish soil is tho signal which shall sum
tiion tho faithful to tho Holy Wnr. If
that cry is heard aad answered, Italy
wilt find .herself confronted by u fierce
multitude come from far away—from
tho vory centre of the Black Continent.
It will take timo for this savage army
to reach the sou; the roads aro long
Murzuk, twenty days' march from
Gh a dam os, thirty-eight days' march
from Ghat, If Italy delays for throo
or four months its soiznro of the province, it may have to faco soldiers
snvager than those of Abyssinia. Moreover—so Mosseiu Musni Pasha reported
not long ago—there are in Tripoli ,107,-
■Ifil Mussulmans capable of sorviug
when called upon; they aro strong and
dangerous men.
lint how shall he light who may not
oat?
It is quite certain that sooner or
later tue Italians will seize thut fair
Turkish province which stretches from
the frontiers of Tunis to those of
Egypt. None of the great powers
wanted this International robbery to
take place just ut this moment. The
time hns not yet cOmo for dividing up
Turkey in Europe among Hans and
Ivan and Dick Tnrpiu and Cartouche.
It would lead to hitter fighting among
the expanding nations; and they do not
want to fight each other. Not yot.
Thero are too many (and too complicated) financial interests nt stake So,
by the grace of conflicting greeds, Turkey lives and will live.
T1*E COST OF AVIATION
Atwood, tho aviator, reports that his
expenses on his recent record-breaking
flight from St. Louis to New York averaged $900 a day. At this rate aviation
will hardly become a popular form of
travel. But there is another side to
the story: no one, so far as can be
ascertained, has yet attempted to fly
cheaply.   Says the Scientific American:
"There is every reason to believe
that so long us men like Atwood, Beaumont, Vedriues, and other present-day
champions of tho uir, race for purses
holding thousands of dollars, uo attention will bo paid to reduction of operating costs. When the public has wearied
of aviation meets (and thero is evidence thnt in Europe at least tho crosscountry (light hus completely displaced
performances in an ouclosure for tho
he. efit of thousands iu the grand stand
und on tho field), whon newspapers have
extracted nil tho notoriety they can by
offering huge sums for successful flights,
tne engiuee* will stop in and provide us
with machines and engines that will
transport us through tho air nt a cost
no grentor thnn thnt of n present-day
automobile tour. So long ns $900 a day
is tho cost of a flight from i-mcago to
Now York, so long will tho aoroptane
bo the exclusive property of aerial performers with itching palms."
PHOTOGRAPHIC POSTCARDS
Sending littlo love messages or
snatches of love songs by postcard to
bo translated by your sweetheart's
phonograph is the latest development
In tho picture postcard craze. On the
bnck of tho postcard ia n small record
esombllng tho regular disc records
usod ou somo machines.   It is a vory
thin film pasted on the card and containing somo phrase of tender sentiment or a bit of some pnj.ii.ur music.
Iho card has a hole iu it so that it may
bo placed on tho machine and when
this is done the needle makes the card
talk aud the ono to whom it wus sent
gets the message. The idea was born
iu Germany, but tho foreign buyers of
the American stores this winter nre said
to huve bought up about all tho German
makers could turn out.
Wc imagine the ex-Sultan uf Turkey
must bo tempted to smile occasionally
these days when nobody is looking.
If a cough makes your nights sleepless and weury, it will worry you a
good deal, and with trood cause. To
dispel the worry and give yourself rest
try Bicklo's Anti-Consumptive Syrup.
It exerts a soothing influence on the
air pnssngos and allays the irritation
that leads to inflammation. It will
subduo tho most stubborn cough or cold,
and eventually eradicate it from tbe
system, as a trial of it will prove to
you.
An Innovation in Oil Heaters
The Perfection Smokeless Oil Heater, with its
drums enameled in turquoise, is an ornament to any
room, whether in the country or city home.
No home is quite complete without a Perfection Oil
Heater. It is a necessity in the fall and spring, when it is too
warm to ttart the regular heating apparatus, and too cool to be
without heat. In the midst of winter it is often convenient as
an auxiliary heater, as there aro always some cold corners
in a house.
The enameled heater always presents a nice appearance, as the
enamel will not tam'tli or burn c(f. It is not an "enamel paint," but it
is the same as the enamel of your cooking utensjs.
The Perfection is the most reliable and convenient portable heating
device you can find. An automatically-locking flame spreader prevents
turning the wick high enough to smoke.
►E-RFECTIOI
Smokeless j
Dealer* ewT*/w(wro.   AA yotm to ihow
you tlie Perfection Metier enameled; or write
lor dc-tcriptivc circular  to   any agency  of
Tit tap-till 00 Coo-pur, LUttJ
■i\\
%
Kf'l
VERYWHERE
!«"
GUM VEST
CUT PLUG
SMOKING TOBACCO
ns THE lst.ANM.KH, CtTHlRKHLAND, B.C
*] Ctnnb-Jrlari-'   ■
li. J. It
Fpaetieal
sinter
Decorator, Papferhanger
and
Kalsomining,
AU Work Promptly
... Attended to...
Eesidenoe, Penrith Avenue
Cumberland,   B. C.
Are
Some
acres at the price usually paid for a town lot, within one mile of Cumberland.
Price from $325 to $500 per block cf Five Acres.
Small Cash Payment und Balance on EASY TERMS
esr
>f/ courtenay
ZEZXICLTirsi-VIE]  ^GKEIsTTS
Mrs Simms will give pianofortelesson- nt her house any lime by appoint
in.'i>> except Tuesdays. Address Camp
ii Cuiiil.orlimd.    Pupils prepared for the
H.Hoynl College uf Musio,
FOR SALE -7 room house, II lot.
For ti-iiii- apply to Mr-, Ellen Uriel
1'cndritli Avenue Cumlierland B. 0.
Dr, 1). US, Kerr, dontist will visil
Union 11 iy Oct. 2 III lu-.'Slh; Comox
Oct. Dili to Nov. 2nd;Courtenay Nnv.
gnd to lOlhj Cunilioiland 1< ill to 2otli.
Look uut for tlio Grand Mascjueradi
BalLiobe given by thu Courtenay B»skui
ball L..ciiil Club iu the Ouurtenay Opera
Ftuuseon Thursday December 28th. iiiii
l'lizs List.   Get busy i^irls.
FOE SALE—Forty hives of bees
will soil cheap. Apply to l'Sd Creech,
Courtenay, B, C,
§itnilunfan6 @afe.
RlGHRRDS & JTvei;. Proprietors.
MEALS SEEVED AT
ALL ALL HOURS
When you want a gccd chi ice meal cooked to
the King's ta3te give us a call      ....
TEY OUE HOT  T A MALES.
DCJNSMUIB AVE.,        CUMBERLAND
013R weekly
ihC  $1   r®tP$$3
ffi
■tl h
NOTICE
ITuving m Id my   bicycle   business,
all at nuts due inusi bo paid  to me.
Those    having accounts will    render
siime to me,
E. ('. Emde.
:S     a     /   %  (~y
*£h   ■"_-«     *5   Sr—m c<S»^
Livery
and
s
THE BEST of
HORSES and
FIRST-CLASS
BUGGIES
FOR HIRE.
DAVIS & WHELAN,    Props,
COURTENAY, B.C.
HELD
i I    (1. A. Fletcher Music   Cu.   of   Nan-
11 aiimi havenow engaged their own private
Tuner whose work will be strictly t'liaran-
i teed by iliu linu, and they advise uustuui-
era and friends to .unify the firm when
tuning ur repairing is. needed. The
iutter will bo iu Ouuibeiland u»rly n
November and older* may be lufi i*t   I
j K. Bates store ami will be promptlj
attoiided to (J A. Flotehei Music Oo.
The Sole Agents forQerhard lielntzimaii
t Pinuos and Oulumbla and Edison Phonographs and Lieoords.
Are Worthy of
Consideration
sk Your
Friends
a ABOUT THE
il BARGAINS
We have offen d Previously
|     McPhee & Morrison
(Courtenay B. 6.
& 	
COMOX  LAND DISTRICT
District of 0mm x.
TAKK notice thit I, James Strickland Buvins nf Comox District, cccupa-
Umi rancher, in'euds to wpi-'y for pi i-
mission to lease the following described
land;—Oommeucing at a post planted at
ihe south-west corner cli.su io a pns
marked J. R. M„ N. K.O. and briny
the N. W. 0. of Lot 120, Oomux Dis
trict, thenoe south-easterly tweuty-sevon
chains following tho shore line, thence
iiorth-easterly for five chains, thence
iiiiith-wi-.sti.Tly twenty-seven chains,
thence south-westerly fur five chains to
commencement and containing seven-
ti'i-n aores moro or lesn
Dated Ooti.ber lOili. 1911
JAMES Si BJSVIN
Hi   !'. Iv Ron, demist    will   lie   in
'niili.'iliiinl nn nnd  nflcr   Noveml er |
CANCELLATION UF RESERVE.
N"iice is hereby given that, the resorv.
existing by reason ofjihe notice published
in the British Columbia Gazette of the
•27th December 1007. covering a parcel ol
land situated on Eedonda Island, formerly held under Timber License No. 44043,
which has lapsed, is cancelled, and Unsaid la. ds will he open to location aft. i
midnight on the 14th December 1911.
ROBERT A. RENWICK.
Deputy Miniate- ol Land.
Department of Landa, Victoria, B. O.
September 12th, 1011.
Bep23 dec23
NOTICE TO CONTRACTORS
HKAiignAUTKiis School.
SEALED TRNDERS supeisoribed
"Tender for School-house bteadquar
h'la," will be received by the Honourable
Minister if Public W.nks up to 12
o'cl ok noon of Weomaday, tHe 13th day
nf December, 1911, for the erection an ■
completion if a largo one-room frame
school-lit ust; at hoadquaiters, in the Co
niox. EiecLural District, B. C.
l'lans, specifications, contract, and
forms of tender may be seen nn and alter
the 22nd day of November, 1911, at tbo
offices of A. M, Hilton, E*q., Secretaiy
of the School Board, Ue-ulpuarters, via
Comox, B, C, the Government Agent,
Cumberland it. 0., ami itiu Department
of Public W rks, Parliament Buildings
Victoria.
E eh proposal must be accompanied by
an accepted bank cl)L(|iie or certificate ol
deposit on a chartered bank of Oanads
made payable to the Ho . the Miuist-1
of Publio works, for the sum of tiioO,
winch shall be forfeited If the party tend*
ortng decline to enter into contract when
called upon to do ho, or if he f-.il to complete the work contracted for. The
cheques < t certificates of deposit of uusuc
cebafull telidt is will be returned to them
pun tlie execution of tbe contract.
Tenders will not be considered unless
made out on tlie forms supplied, Btuiud
with the actual signature of the tenderer,
and enclosed in the envelopes  furnished.
The lowest or anytetujer uotiitcussarily
accepted.
,1. E, GRIFFITH,
Vublic Works Engineer.
Public Works D.-parlineut,
Victoria, B. Q.,N.veiib • 2<t>. 1911
* 25 do 13
Dont .Marry;
do, be sure to    ■ 11 y. in  in
.i  ■ -   ' Tnr. Isukorii (lllii
tt this oflic*.
t on   fee
like it but if yuu
invt-
u.|.
HEADQUARTERS FOk
Furniture
Wallpaper
Crockery
Etc., etc.
A nice line of Iron Bedsteads
4. * $40.
just arrived
T. 1 BATE
Money
MAKES   !
MONEY   J
Tl e question is, where will it make the most ? In a Bank at 3 per cent. fitat
iiin-tttge at 7 per oont, or town lots iu Western Canada where during the year
1911 it in e" minted that property values in ten town increaed 500 per cent, in seventeen towns 400 per cent, and in town twenty two towns 300 per cent 1
Full particulars of an investment which will make you a property owner in three
of 'be best towns and'on the easiest wf terms cau be obtained by mailing a poit-
■md to
(DO IT NOW)
D. Forde
Capital $6,200,000
Reserve {7,000,000
THE ROYAL BftNK
OF CANADA
Drafts Issued In any currency, payable all over the world
SPECIAL ATTENTION paid to SAVINGS ACCOUNTS, and inter
highest current rates allowed on deposits of $1 and upwards
CUMBERLAND, B.C., Branch-   -   -     OPEN DAI'"
UNION WHARF, B.C., Sub Branch-OPEN THURSD**"
D. M. Morrison,  Manager
COURTENAY, B.C. BRANCH OPEN DAILY
Wm.H.Hoff,  Manager.
IF YOU WANT A FIRST CLASS PIANO
AT A MODERATE PRICE
Buy a STANLE\
These Pianos give satisfaction in tone and touch and are built ti
last a lifetime.
We carry the Victor Gramophone & ,Victro\a*.
Mid Victor Records.     Call and hear the latest noveit,*,,
The Victor Puzzle Record Price $1.00
3  EBCO-RDS I-N"   OIN:hj  *_
.. DUNSMORE'S MUSIC STORF -
-huroh St., NANAIMO, B. O. Opposite Bank of
Fall
eiotlies
Not in many yt-arshave we shown such
variety ussottmont of Fall Suitings, in-
eluding all tlm new color uffeots in the
plain and fancy Cheviots, Worsteds
Soutoh .md Iriidi Twi'i'd*, Uluu und Hlack
Surgt-B, CtiasiiiHirea and Diagonals* Nearly
100 designs to Reluct from, Cmuo in and
nKHHure now.   Thia is the time to make
eleotioi).
t
v\E GUARANTEE A   PERFECT FIT OR REFUND
YOUR MONEY
UNION BAY CO-OPERATIVE
COMPANY
Side A({6nt* for tlm   Hnuteof Hubberlin
Limited 0 tmiln't LHrfceitT»il •■

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