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The Islander May 6, 1911

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Fine line of Blouses, Shot
Silk Underskirts, Childrens
Ready-to-Wear Hats and
Sun Bonnets, at
Campbell Bros.
Tits, Hat*, Negligee and
Outing Shirtt and Collars.
Shipment of Fine Summer
Shoes esjtected this week.
Campbell Bros.
No. 49
To Pe Introduced at
Next Council
A New LiquurLieense Bylaw wliioh
lift.* been prepared hy tlie CitySolicitor
whs road «t. lust Mauiilay* nightsmatt-
ing of ilin Council anil noiic. was given that tlm same will be introduced
nnil mail a Drat time at tlie next sitlii g
of tlie laairil.
The bylaw ia a formidable lyiae writ-
ten d eminent nf 13 pages anil much
more stringent tli.n the one it is die-
lined In replace.
Hotel Lirentes anal Wholesale Lie-
en-e have li til lier'n flxed ut S300 pr
milium paynl'le half yearly.
Each hotel may have only one bar
ami lauh wholesale liquor dealer may
keep liquor in one room or place only
viz: his warehouse.
No hotel license shall lie granted unless the building contains:—
A bar room for liar purpose* only.
A titting ro mi for guest*.
A dining room for guests.
At least 20 bed looms  each having
a Boor area of not less than 100 to, ft
and well furnished.
Adequate meant for locking snd
closing bar rooms during Sundays and
prohibited hours.
A proper hotel register.
Guests must lie able to conveniently
enter such hotels from the front without having to pass through or enter
any part of the ban
It is an otl'ense to allow riotuous or
disorderly conduct to take place on
licensed premises, or to permit a female
to be served with liquor in a liar
Gambling in every form in an offense
under the bylaw.
Any contravention of the law may
result in tlie cancellation or suspension of the license.
Every hotel keeper must (except for
sufficient and- valid reason) supply
lodging, meals anil accomodations to
any person applying therefore at nil
reasonable hours.
Any officer, p .lieeman or inspector
may enter any or every part of any
licensed premise* at. any lime, and any
person who is therein who fails or refuses to admit such officers, etc., or
who attempts to obstruct the tame is
guilty of a breach of the bylaw,
Calling   For   Tender*
For Night Police-
On Tuesday niglit • meeting ef
tht PilioeCommissioner was held,thr
'ayor and  Coiiiniiasoner Banks anil
cDoiiald being present.
A communication wat read from the
City Council stating thai the Council
bail decided to take over the payment
nf half of the night policeman! salary.
On motion of Commissioner cDon-
»ld seconded by Commissioner Banks
it tias di'ciiled to call applications for
anew niglit constable at $80 per
month, and one suit of clothes per
year, applications to be in hy ay 23,
duties to commence Kay 81st,
It was decided that in future lb*
Imsrd meat once a month on the Monday following the first regular council meeting, the police to send in a
written report to such meetings.
It waa resailved that the council he
requester! to bring in a bylaw regulating and restricting Pool rooms.
Died  Suddenly From
Heart Failure on
Friday Evening
An InterestingMeeting
Held On Wednesday Night
Subscription price II.50 per year
aaiwaawasaijaaraaaasaaVai aaaasaaawaSjSaaaiaaaisai
The cantata presented list Fti.l.v
evening under tlie auspices of the
Presbyterian Chu eh was a maiketl
success, so much so that many people
have expressed a desire for a reptilian
of it, Pretty girls, sweet voices ami
gay costumes all conspired tu maki
the playlet oue of tbe piettiesl ever
seen here, and conitrntiiliati'.iis ure du
In tbos'i who managed the play and
taught the children their parts
Hornal A ax well of the Star Livery Stable are opening a branch of
tlieir business in the City of Promise
—Courtenay next week.
A Basket Social is being held on tin
22nd iu the K. of P. Hall Comox in
ad of the C 4 U Hospital.
An Italian was fined f 10 and costs foi
violating nil. 12 of th. Coal Mint*
Regulation Act, oi, Wednesday lut.
Mennie & Potter have taken over tha
business lately carried un by F. B. Clou
P. P. Harrison of this city hss opened
a law office in Courtenay, and dispsus»
legsl advic. to the citizens of that bust,
ling little town on Tuetdsys and Fri
FOB SALE-A five-roomed house, tit
utted on half of lot 3. Penrith Av.nu
Cumberland.   Will sell for $650.  Apply
to Antono Ferrero at residence.
To the Editor, Tm IsUBusa,
8lr :— Ascitbwns of Cuuberlsnd w.
•re prsctieslly without poll** protection,
judging from th. eoustant violation ol
th. laws that obtain m every other .ity
of which 1 hsv. expsrience, sn opinion
that ia voiced by the majority uf the residents.
All th. domestic animals mam the
streets dsy and night, opening th. garden gates or jumping ths fence*, browsing on ynur choicest roaes, throbs and
(lowers, which have' cost considerable money, added lo which your time
snd labor spent, not oily for your own
pleasure and enjoyment of the results,
but can be equally enjoyed by ya.ur
mdghburs aud all pawn by, giving a
ton. of refinement to the town, which
should be appreciated, not destroyed.
It it becoming quit* common to be a*
routed from sleep by tons kind soul to,
1.11 you "there's a hone -or a eow in
your Harden," seldom by a policeman,
whose duty it is to put in fores tbe one
half of ih. by-law governing this matter.
Then th. grown and ntb.r deliv.ry
wagons drive on to th. sidewalks, scrape
.iff th* paint and every now and than
smash a picket for you; bicycles an ridden on the sidewalks, football, lacrosse
etc., played on tbe strestt to the iuiuim
ent danger of ladies aud others driving a
young or spbied hone, foul language,
druukeii men reeling along the strestt,
ill appean to be praotcally unnoticed by
our |ia.|ice, especially during the day, for
ihe day man's time seems to be principally tilled in collecting and minding Ihe
annulling machine
And with all this th. Council and the
Police Ciauiiiiiiaionert are seriously con
iduring the sdvissbilily of reducing thr
tore, by one half, taking frum tbe night
msu the power of arrest; they have al
ready reduced him from Chief, yet he
ia the only od. did anything worth man
Honing in enforcing law and ordar, bet,
as he is obnoxious to a certain element
by doing his duty he is in danger of having hia power withdrawn if not ef being
It is well known that persons thst
ahould be arrested In th. city defiantly
mist it until they g.t out outsid. th.
unit* and are then handcuffed by thr
r'ruviiicial P. O. 8t*v.nson aud the fine
i hat might have gone to the city goes tt.
he Government finances, it it said that
in one case P. C. Simmon arrested end
locked up men witbin th. limit, report
ing to the city polio, for action, but
they declined to act, and be had uo op-
ion except release them. It is aun
y time we gut the projection we pay foi
tnd I trust our sutaWttiet will see wt
jet it in future. , .*   :'.,;:■       -
Service in the Roman Catholic Church
will b. held every other 8undsy in Cumberland.   Rev. H. Meitens, psator.
The funeral nf the late Bdith Thomson
whose sudden death en Friday night wat
announced in last weeks paper, took
plant on Monday last from th. family
rasid.no. to th* Presbyterian osmttar)
The funeral was the largest in the hit-
tory uf the city, over fifty carriage* foi
loasd the rtmsins ths ssvsn miles b*.
tween this city aud tha cemetery.
The funatel service was conducted at
the house tnd at the grave by the Rev
Mr Mtnsiei and tbe beautiful fnneral set
rice of the Pythian 8ist*n, of which ord
re the dscsated wa. a member, was alto
conducted at the grave side.
The following wsn the pall bearen:--
Msssn A. Wtlk.r, N. Short, J. Cameron
A. Anthony, J. Whyte and H. Brown,
Tht bit of Ion) tributes folio*!;—
Wreathi-Mr and Mr J. Godfrey
A Cmssan and family J Crossan snd
family, Nanaimo; Mr and Mra L.
Mounce, C Whyte, J Matthews, H.
Parkinson, A Snmmerville, D Walker,
E. Wool, J McLeod, Bertolci, Senear-
la, J Walters, J Abrama; Misses M
Hornal, Cunliffe and Uray; Boys of
the House, Albert Anthony, Hsrvey
Leithead, David Austin, K. Bailey, A
Crosses—The Family, J Neeve,
New Westminister; Miss Mary Walker,
Naniino Hospital Misses Milligen,
and J Stevenson; Mra D Picket Mr
mul Mra Tapella, J Robertson ami
family, A Cameron T.E. Bale, C Campbell, Courtenay; C. Piercy, Comox.
Sprays—Boquel—:Mis»essKate and
Maggie Dudley, Kate Dunbar: Mr anal
Mrs 11 Farmer, Nanaimo; Mrs Cowan,
Anthony and girls, Mr H Train* Lilies Vancouver; Mr and Mrs Q Johnson, Wm Neave, A Wilson Grand
Chief Py tbian Sisters, Rod and Jack
Jenkins, Mr and Mrs Crewe, Nanaimo; May and Nellie Walker, Mr and
Mrs Roe Union Bay Mr and Mrs
Richards Nuuus, J Stewart, H Creech
N McFsrlane, T Horbury R Robertson, T Bickle, F Cloutier, C Segrave,
G Yarrow, T Can wrigbt; Misses M.
Richards, V. Matthews, M. Tarbell,
Mr J Webster jr. L Matthews, Mrs S
Magnone, J Cooke, Mr R Webster, G
Clinton, Miss K Cue, C Davis, Court-
enay, Mr and Mrs Smitlie and Rick-
Globes— r and 'rsG Robertson
P Harrison. Young Britons, J Rowan
•nd family Mr and Mn B Mellado,
Pickup, R Rols-rtson crescent, T Hud-
sun, Union ti y, Vr and Mrs T Ben
nett, '■ asonic L ilge Pillow, Emblems
Ptlhisn Sisters, h accabees Pillow, J
Cameron, Basket, Olady Home, Mabel
The Desnae Cuminissiontn met at tht
Council Chambers on Wednesday even
Ing, then being present Mayor M.Iaeod
I* th* chair and CvmmitsiuuenPsrnhsm
sad Watson.
Tbe miauta* of the previous meeting
were read and adopted.
Th. Mayor stated th. object ef the
meeting vii: to force the editor of tht
Isuanaa to divulgs ths name of a cor
respondent signing himself "M.D." iu a
recent issue ef thst paper, tbe laid letter
containing references to the License
sommiasiouin and their work.
Ths Mayor announced that Mr Sailtbi
had been interested to be present.
Mr Nmttke not being present it was
moved by CommisslonsrWsiaon wends*1
by Comrniseioner Parnham thst Con
stable Grey be despatched to capture the
editor and bring him before the board.
Constable Gray returning reported that
Mr Smith, oould not be located, when
upon the dark was instructed tu notify
Mr Smiths that the License Commission-
ere would hold another tesslon on Friday
evening at 7 p. m. May 6th. 1911, when
hit pretense would be required.
The august assembly then adjourned.
Mr. Smith, again fsiled to appear at
the meeting called for last night, and
the Commisaiouen eoutulted the City
Solicitor as to what slept to tike nut.
The solicitor discovered thst the notice
served upon Mr. Smiths was wrongly
made out and it would be necessary for {
them to eene notice upon him f r ih-
tbird time.     It was decided to serve bin
with notice to appear before the Board »
7.30 o'clock on Tuesday night.
What is Doing in Lo
oul Sporting
Rod MeOuish will take the place id
Andrew Thompson with Murray, for the
same side bet, the asms articles to gev
Matter  Discussed • at
Last Meeting of :,
Tht council met at the Ceutvil
Chambers ea Monday night, titer* being promt the Mayor aud Aldermen
era the contest, winner to take all the  Parnham, Stewart Willard Banks aad
gate and pay all expanse*.
Rid MoCuish ie very well known a
mong the local sport* and there is no
doubt of Ui ability as a wrestler, having
trained in oae of the hardest schools n
this country under tbe Swaneuna Uodei
their tutorage be rapidly advanced in the
amateur nnki until he was sonsidered
on* of the but welter weight, in the
province outside of Sine Swsnson himself
Rod has s host of local admirers who
•ill surely try te make him the one beei
Murray ii still pegging away iii
hie training taking no shaaess aad task
ing himself fit to battle for houn If need
ba> His trainer 8mithesye he it getting
better every dsy rotating all somen al
hia training quartan. George himself
il very quiet not saying much but sswine
wood, all the time.
MoCuish has been training for two or
three week put with Thomson and
should be in pretty good shape himself
by th. time th. match comes off. The
match will be pulled off sometime in the
pay week and a good evenings sport ia
Fair isle—Choice of one or two mile!
onwt, just newly cslva-d. Apply to Geo
Davit, Union Buy, B. C.
The Shamrocks and No. 6 Thistles meet
>m Sunday in the. final of th. Maxw.ll
Cup. Both team are finding the bean
playa-ra obtainsble and a battle royal ir
Mr Stnddsrt has kindly donated a cup
lo tho Lacrosse boys.
We taks thia opportunity of encoding
■ur tincersst thauks to all tbe kind
friends who satiated aad tried te comfort ui ia our recent bsreav.rn.nt, also
to those who contributed so many beautiful floral tributes, and for Isttsrs of condolence.
Jo»» Tnomos *m> Fmnr.
Elliott Brothers are now in their new
premises and their new pool Room Is
certainly "soms elsas." Six pool tables
and one Urge English billiard tables are
making mouey for the genial praprleton,
and an auto piano is kept going constantly iu tha room making the new peel par
lor a most cheerful and popular resort,
Mr J. Chisholm,. hat* started in the
painting butineM, strd' kuiew prepared
to do all kind of i&BiJat tvresonsble
rate. '■'"■'".
"Peerlen" Incubator, .capacity (40
eggs with brooder, almost new, for sale
Union Bay.
The Union Bay Ball tessera got under
•ay laat week with Mgr. Humphrey at
the helm snd lock out for war.
The Moving Picture Show was not so
well attsndsd but th. picture wsrs all
thst oould be desired.
The Basket Ball Girlt gave a closine
dance Thursday night and one of tha
largest crowde of local people evei men
hire gathered at the Hall. The dsneeis
were each presented with ths club colon.
B Humphrey has racslvsd a motor
cycle and from all reports he is going to
break some records or hia neck.
Mutie was th. ord.r of ths dsy Sunday at th. local whsrves, Bag Pipit,
Mandolin, Gramophones, Flute, Accordion and Bugle all going at one. Bedlum
let loose.
Tuesday night
Thursday night
Saturday night
Sunday, per Owiehsn t am.
Sunday noon, overland
Wednesday— 6.00 a,m.
Friday—6.00 a.m.
Saturday—4.15 p.m.
Sunday, 2.15 p.m. sharp
Visiting cards at the Islander office.
Seed Potatoes,—Early Rochester Rose
and Early King.   Ten pounds fur one
dollar, seven fifty per hundred pounds.
M. Nixon,
Denman I lend.
Dr. D.E. Ktrr.J.   ,m . wu   -. It    'is
next visit <o Cumberland J una 14m
For Sale—Tiro Houses ilh good dry lot,
•ent for 110 per month eue.li, wi 1 sell
the two for tlfi.iO, i o for fioVio
Apply A.. V.'/i.    Islandeh Owiou
Fanny Bay Notes.
One of tlie pioneers of Fanny Bay
lias put an addition to his sli-epinp
apartment and has Mailed cleaning
and pressing clothes. All dofirous of
li iving their clothe look like new would
do well to give that gentleman a
A smart little man left camp on
Sunday morning after boasting of his
abilities as a fisherman. He returned
ia about an Imur with a fine trout
which we afterwards learned be took
from a little boy. It would be advisable for tbe yuuug man tu boast elsewhere in future.
Some of the Cumberland boys, employed on the Government road here
takegreat interest in fishing. They accompanied Mr Laweou to the Creek the
other day aud watched Mr Lawion
land mine fine specimen! of the mountain trout, but unfortunately whilst
trying to land one of enormous sir*
the raft which they stood on turned
turtle throwing Mr Lawson and the
interested spectator* in the creek, git
«n them a bath that they did not carr
m aeh about but was much needed by
some of them.
Mr Powell photographer of Cumber
land visited Fanny Bar a few days ago
and secured photographs of the school,
teacher and pupils.
A Debating Club has been formed
here and held their first meeting lust
night. The debate was, "Are tho In
tellectual Capacities of both sexes
Equal." Mr Yanto Lewis opened the
debate speaking for moie than an hour
trying to show womens superiority
over men. He was ably opposed by
Mr Spencer, several other gentlemen
also took part, at tlie close it was iru
pi e ildef r Judges M< Kay ami Kee.an
I., giyo either siile the price generously
put. up by Mr McLeod as each side
scoierlaliout tlie sn i-.enii'ii her of points
The ile-ntv for next un-ting w'll In
"Wa Auieiic;. .In itiod in lighting
f <r bor Itiiliipenileiinii.
Maxwell. im«*»mse«aaBa«l
TheCity Solicitor presented a bill
for 17.90 for fee* in connection with
a search of the Land Registry Oflsue
iu the matter of preparing • legal
niters liit fur the city.
Tbe committee from the Firomn
ubmitted a report  setting forth tbe
conditions upon which   the Fire Company would turn over their Art fight-
ing eerephaoalie to tbe eity.
The following were tbe conditions
laid down.
1. The privilege of bejnga Tolen-
teer Fire Department of not morn than
H members.
2. The privilege of electing their
iwn chief, sub-chief, end captain, there
appointment* to be subject to tbe approval of the council.
3. Firemen enswering an alarm to
lw remunerated by the eity for their
servioei as follows:—(1. for Bret hour
or fraction thereof, and 12.80 for each
there after.
'4. Firemen to bar. exclusive nee si
tire hall, and a reading room, and th*
city to furnish a  room for tb* ut* of
"firemen to sleep nt the fir* hall at
ft. The city to look after all fir*
we etc. and to have hydrant* and
aather spparatus regularly inspected.
These demands were nil accepted by
i-iie oouncll without auModuieat.     ".
The Mayor proposed to amend see. 4
\iy forbidding the use of intoxicants on
; he fire hall premises, bat Aid Para-
ham considered this would be*reflection upon the members of the lira Company and an insult to tha company,
and the reat of the Aldermen support
od Aid. Parnham ia this »iew.
The chairman of tha Beard of Work,
reported that tbe city road worker*
were not satisfied with their prattnt
rate of wage*—f 2.76 par day and demanded three dollar* for a day* work
The matter of workmen! wages waa
luft in tha bands of the Beard of
Works to do as they saw It.
The matter of enlarging tha oil/
limits wu again laid over, the City
Clerk being instructed to writ* the
^overnnient re setting a dale for lb*
necessary election.
It wss decided to hold a special
neeting next Monday night to distiies
tlie Sewerage question.
Bills aud account* were peeeed aa
R.GrantAC* f 2.10
Mennie A Potter    1.10
Electric Light Co  40.(0
The New Liquor Bylaw wm read,
and Alderman Parnham gave notice
if his intention to more ite introduction et the next meeting of tbe council.
Whiskers seem to be quit* feehioa-
able amongst the Gentry and Nobility
.if Fanny Bay, every one seems to bav*
a style of his own, here yon oan eta
every color shade and grade whether it ii to save the barbers feet or ear*
them the trouble of washing their
necks, I cannot say perhaps it is both
Britlge Stick Jack hu resumed work
again after being idle for som* Una
on account of having hit big toe knocked up.
Baseball practice every ,„,<,, T
till 9. All player* requested to attend.
8hovelling mud from th. centre of
the road to fill » the sides strictly
prohibited, worker* govern theeseclvta
When Billy Pulled Up His Anchor
Billy silt in liis small houseboat,
nendlng u coat. With only sky, trees
md wator about him, he Uvod hero
ilone uu ddo ot ii^' wildest Inlets of
Chesapeake fifty.' As'bo glanced out
>f the window,, something caugbt his
aye, He stopped, put down tbe cunt,
iiul brought his face eloser to tbe pane,
rbree nun stood .among tbo pines on
•,he point, As quickly, as bo could, ho
iinhlcd out ovor tho plank that conned
xl his boat with tho shorn mul up
prodobed fitcm,
By wny of introduction, ho Bald,
'lini a cnaw of tobaecerf"
Ouo uf thorn had a cigarette. Billy
took ii, broke tho paper, and rammed
tbe tobacco lute his mouth.
These tnen had hought all tie neigh*
Hiring land with tho Intention oi
it arl ing n ducking Hub, and before
'.bey went away they hired his services
tt nftoon dollars a month, with the use
if a small, tumble-down bouse bark iu
tbo woodsv Ho returned to his boat
bewildered, overcome. Fur the first
time in his life ho was a rich'man.
No doubt tbo house had ouee boon
white, and tonuutedj but that
long ago that the building had since
lost all character, an a dwelling place
Tlio floors were littered with rubbish,
the window sashes wero broken, and
the door would not close, Hut to Billy
It was all very satisfactory, Whon he
and made a thorough exploration, ho
ltood away at some distance from tho
shack and, looking at it, said in tbo
manner of a tunii forced by circumstances, *' I reckon a man liko me
Slighter get married."
He spoke without any elation. Tt
•vas a fact to be recognized. The situ-
it ion demanded a wife. That he did
not know whom to marry mado no difference. Thero .wan plenty of time be-
foro winter set in.
A montn went by, His life was much
the samo an before; only now in his
odd hours ho worked for tho ducking
slub, when be got his first fifteen dollars he went to town and bought two
bottles of whisky, a flute, tobacco, perfumery, cough lozenges, two live chick-
Ma, a necktie, Bome putty, and a
lozen detective stories. The possession
of ho many things again brought him
faco to face with the question of marriage. And nfter much thought he derailed he would marry Joe Smith's eldest daughter, Margaret. She could make
good corn oaken—things he, could never
make himself—nnd she would probably
Inherit her father's pigs, When the
time came, he could fence in tbo clearing about tbe house and keep tho pigs
there. In the fashion of a man who
has a business errand to perform, he
Went dp to Behver' Brook and waited
patiently for .loo Smith to come along.
When that red-beaded, freckled, wizened old person saw Billy, he pulled his
burse to a standstill.
"Fishin 'V he asked.
"No," Billy came into the road, a
bit of willow in his hand.
" What yer doin '?"
"I ain't doin' nothin', Joe."
'"Yer must 1)0 doin' sometbin'."
" No, Joo, no. I reckon I was jest
rvuitin' for you-all to come erlong."
" Pigs! "   The old man suddenly had
fcis weather eye open,
"No, it ain't pigs;  it's women."
"Leave 'em alone—that's my advice,
'f've had-experience*, T ho'v."
.     This, d;d not bother Billy. "Yes, .Toe,
i done reckon J might be marrying ono
of you* gals."
.loo had boon in tho pig business too
long to be surprised by anything. He
1 Lixpeetorated lengthily by way of sparring for.-time, then said. "I guess,
Billy, my gala nro goin' to marry some-
all pretty port."
Billy played his first card.   "Some-
in    that's   oarniii"'   fifteen    dollars   a
•noiil.h i/M
The old man nodded his head slowly.
".And he's got that there house in
.Vilson 's   WOOdfl   to   live   in."
This implied Information rather Btag-
.jerod Joe, and ho was on tho point
*f giving in, if for no other reason
(haa to satisfy hia curiosity; but he
■inferred from Billy's attitude that
• there might bo something more, So ho
held off and nodded his head with assumed indifference. There was an awkward pause, and then Billy pulled a
bottlo of whisky from his hip pocket.
■     ''itov n drink," he said.
.Joe   wrapped   his   reins   around   the
rvlup, and reached over for the bottle
'in tin"' manner of a man who has been
iu the name situation before and kuows
(how to make, the most of it,    He* put
the  bottle  to his mouth, jerked it  up
. in tho air, gave a long swallow, eough-
■d slightly, smacked hTs lips, then look
•d down al th ■ bottle;
"Thot'a good Heker,"  ho said.
" 'Deed .11 is,"
"Wbere'd «■,. tf\ [tf"
"I bought two bottles last PHday."
"Two bottles?"   :
Tho   old   man   shifted   lo   his  seat
'(live mo them  two bottles, and  tho
'{ill's yours." >M
■ Billy hesitated.   Finally he shook his
tiead.    "No, doe, f reckon  T couldn't
To that."
"Ain't good enough for ye, eh?"
" No,   Joe,   no;   but   whisky 'a   whis
Joe shuffled his feet and loaned over
for his reins. Billy leisurely put tho
jork back in the bottle, There was a
long pause. Neither man moved a
-muscle. Presently the horse flicked his
Call, nnd Joe looked  up:
" Wnl," lie said, condescendingly,
"that bottle's half empty, anyhow, so
v.nn iost bring ovor t'other ono and
that'll do."
Billy agrood, though reluctantly.
Again ho took his time, went oyster -
mg, did some odds and ends for the
lucking clufi. A week or ton days
slipped by before he approached Joe
Smith's home. H was a ramshackle old
bouse with broken shatters painted a
•vivid light green. A hitching post maintained the color scheme, The lawn was
tittered with odds and ends, Three or
four nlga were lying at different angles.
As Billy lifted back tho gate and
sauntered up th' oath, q lean goat.
-tttb«*d  tO 11   umil11   tree.   IfloJtej   np ai
him with a surprised air. The door of
the house was open, and there was a
view  -down   n   dlmlydlghte 1    j nssagc,
with articles hung up on tho wall. A
faint smell of conking was in tho uir.
Billy rapped on the side of the door,
and said:
"Is any of tho folks in?"
A head popped uut around a door at
tho end of the passage, round eyes
stated at him, and their owner said:
"hor', if it ain't Cnp'n Billy!"
"It suro is," ho replied.
A young slip of a girl with a heavy
head of tangled reddish hair and large,
Mischievous eyos appeared. Sho was as
dirty as she could bo, aud dressed iu
i shabby pink blouse and a huge skirt.
A big safety pin iu the back was the
key to hor whole makeup, Not in the
least embarrassed, she seized his hand
ind asked. " How is you-nll?"
"   Deed, I'm foelhr  right flue."
" Is you.'"
•■ 'Deed I am."
"I couldn't reckon nohow who the!
was when you knocked."
Billy chuckled, "I 'towed you couldn't."
" 'liOt',' 1 says, when I sees vou, ' if
it ain 't tJup'u Billy!' ''
"And it was," said Billy.
"And it was," she replied. "Take
a seat,"
"Much obliged,'' he returned, and
they sat down on the doorstop, Billy
liked this girl. But he bad an errand
to perform.
"Mow is the folks?" he asked,
"They is vory woll."
A pause followed; then ho begun
again, "Is the folks all at hornet"
"Pa and the pigs and Ma hev gone
to town."
As sho did not seem to care to go
any farther on tho subject, he had to
ask his question point-blank.
"And your sister, Margaret—is she
to home?"
"She sure ia," she answered lightly;
then went on rapidly, "Cap'n Billy, 1
reckon your dog Jake was a pretty pert
dog afore he died."
Billy looked at hor a moment. Sho
stared idly at tho hitching post. He
felt that something waa wrong, but he
did uot care. That Margaret was at
home was sufficient. He could take bis
time. Then, too, he wanted to talk
about his dog.
"Join White 'lowed oneo that Jake
could talk if. he over took a notion into
his bead to do it," he bragged.
She agreed with him so readily that,
a few minutes later, he said unexpectedly, "How old are yer?"
"I'm older than what you think
"Is yer?" he chuckled.
"I sure am; guess."
"Eighteen; maybe so, maybe not.'"
He bad como bo near that sho could
not help blushing, but to hide her embarrassment, and for other reasons, she
said excitedly: "Oh, Lor', Cap'n Billy.
I done reckon you-all is goin' to expect
me to get married next!"
Thero was a pause. As a matter of
fact, that, was very nearly what Billy
had been thinking. But at that moment there was a noise behind them
in tbe passage, and a prim, stiff voice
called out:
"Phoebe, you come here right smart
and get them potatoes boiled."
A young woman appeared in tho doorway. She was dressed very much as
Phoobo, except that a large yellow bow
decorated her waist, and her face was
dean in some places. She also knew
how to present her best side to tho
"How d'ye do?" she said with awkward dignity, as Phoebe reluctantly
Billy was rather dazed. "Won't you
pray come in and take a chore?" she
vent nn.
He stared at her, finally saying. "J
"Nice weather."
"Eight nice."
This was enough, and thoy went hi
Ide, In the little front room there
v:is a bed piled high with feathers, a
barrel full of shingles, an old worn-
out sofa, n table, covered with seeds,
a roll of fence wire, and an isolated
picture of McKinley. Billy sat down
comfortably in oue of tho two chairs
in the room, after first adjusting the
promised bottle of whisky in his hip
"Nice weather," she began  again.
"Bight nice."
A   long pause  followed.
"t'ap'n Billy, what church do you
"Wal, yer see, f fishes mostly, and
when   I   don't  fishes   it's  Sunday."
"And ain't ver frightened?"
"of what.'"'
She shook Iii r head slowly, sadly, in
In In.r ions starts and jerks, until suddenly he wits ■•onychias thai sho was
silontv She aat with hands folded In
hor lap, eyes cast down, tho bow framing in her chili with a glare of yellow; between thent lay the roll of wire,
lie was very mueh embarrassed, Ho
could think of nothing ho wanted to
do more than to take the whisky oul. of
his pocket and have a drink.. But, in
stead,  he  began:   "Miss   Margaret   .   .
"Cap'n  Billy  .   .   .   ."
"Miss Margaret, I done reckon you-
all knows jest about what .   .   .  ."
"Ain't yer coming to dinner!"
This interruption came frmn. Phoebe,
who stood in Ihe doorway, languidly
taking in the' situation. Margaret
glared at her; Billy chuckled. In the
ead thoy all wont in to dinner.
Ah Billy ate, his mind was perplex
od. He wanted to marry Phoebe, On
tho othor hand, Margaret was more
suitable as a wife. Ho might have
nado up his mind to marry Margaret
if Phoebe had not swooped down upon,
him wjth a plate of vegetables, laugh
Ingly offered some, and brought her
head so close to his that he almost spilt
the dish. The afternoon ended by his
going away ami promising to return
shortly. He left the bottle of whisky
in   evidence of  good   faith.
From that day preparations began
for the wedding. ' Although Billy never
made any further proposals to Margaret, his marriage with her was taken
for granted, hi tbe end he himself
accepted the fact, too, simply iu brdor
lnj^j_yj_lHmpeJf__tho trnuhl" of deciding.,
On thn morning of the wM-Ttrnx fifTer";
n all-night's storm, he started oul for
Smith's." As he camo Into the clear
ance whero stood his little house—tho
cause of all his unrest—be stopped abruptly. Only u few charred posts and
a wrecked chimney remained. It hud
boon struck by lightning in the night
and burned to tho ground.
He stood and looked at it for a long
time, and as ho lookod ho felt more
and more relieved. A load wus taken
oil his shoulders, A man in such circumstances could not bo expected to
marry. No house, no wife. Uo turned
uu his heel, hesitated 0 moment, and
then went slowly back to his boat. Au
hour later, as the people gathered for
tho wedding wore anxiously waiting
ior the bridegroom to appeal, that por-
SOU run up his sail, pulled up his anchor
and, with his punt, rowing behind, glided down the inlet toward tho open
waters of the Chesapeake. Half-way
down the inlet, as ho stood at the tiller, ho took a long look around him,
nibbed his nose, aud chuckled. Then,
with the easy mind of a ninn who has
passed through a terrible ordeal, he
said, "Gawdl"
(By II. 0, Hood, 7,8., Georgetown,
An attack of acute indigestion in
the horso is likely to be attended with
mote serious results than a similar caBO
in any of the oilier animals ou the
farm. Tho reason is partially due Lo
the comparative Btnallness of ihe atom
aoh which is smaller iu proportion to
his size than is tho case ia any othor
of our domestic animals. Consequently
if from any cause the normal course of
digestion is arrested, more or less serious results are liable to follow. Unfortunately some horses are born with
vory weak digestive systems and periodically suffer from uttticks of this
kind oven though getting fairly good
care in the matter of feeding. Such
animals aro very undesirable, aud
oven tho most careful feeding will not
guard . against attacks. And as a rule
they will sooner or later succumb to
the disease. However, in most eases
of indigestion some predisposing cause
will be found.
Any sudden change iu feeding con
i.l it ions predispose to an attack such
suddenly increasing tho amount of
grain given or the too suddeu change
from oue kind of food to another. All
such changes should bo brought about
gradually. Even turning a horso (hit to
grass for the first, time in the spring has
often resulted iu tho death of the Quintal when he has been allowed to an--
gorge the stomach with grass, notwithstanding the fact that grass is the
most easily digested food any animal
can oat. Also a sudden change from
rich to poor food, or vice versa, often
is a cause. Sating an abnormally large
feed of rich food is a well-known cause,
usually the result of an .accident, such
as the animal breaking loose and getting at the grain crib. Besides tbokc
ordinary causes the writer's .observation has proved that many such case*
have been produced by the foolish practice of some men who will give a horse
an extra big grain ration for breakfast
to enable the animal to do some extra
nard day's work, which it may be
necessary for him to perform. Thi?
often happens in the winter, when the
farm horses are comparatively idle.
As a rule, they ure not fed much grain
at that season, nor do they need it.
But something may occur in the business of the farmer that makes it ne-
cossary for him to take quite i.e long
drive which ho knows will bo somewhat
trying to horses which have boon almost
Idle for weeks and months. II too often happens that in such a case the
horse will get an extra big feed to
prepare him for a big day's work, with
the result that the man is often stopped
on his journey with a sick horso on his
hands. A horso that has become
weary at work is more liable to an attack oi indigestion, because tho woati-
UCSS of the system will be found in all
the different organs, and tho stomach
, ill become just as tired nut as tho
logs, and will often refuse lo act any
longer nn its contents. The process of
digestion will cease, and if there is
any considerable quantity of undigested food in tho stomach at the time it
will start to ferment, gases will form,
the animal bloat more or less, and tbe
horse is sick from indigestion. Now.
if the horso had got only his usual
amount of grain for breakfast, thp
stomach would probably have finished
Its work and boon empty before, the
horso became weary on his journey, In
which case he would not bo likely to
have become sick at all. Then, supposing a liorse liUS done a heavy day's
work, such a day's work as hns made
him very much tired out or weary, he
should not bo given au extra big grain
ration for supper, lie should got less
rather than more of his ordinary food.
I!r needs rest more than anything else.
Tin- stomach is in no condition In digest
a heavy meal until after he has had a
few hour's rest, and neglect of this
care has often resulted in a sick horse.
As a rulo, a farmer can do very
little iu tbo practice of curative treat-
nt   iu   a   case   of   Indigestion.     Any
Heine poured into the stomach aooa
little or no good, because (he prOCOBS
f digestion has ceased, no absorption
lakes place, and no result follow:-.
Veterinary surgeons depend on inject
ing medicine under the skin, and get
results in that way, hut pouring modi
chid into the stomach is of uo use ex
i-ept in some eases when a medicine
may have a chemical action on the
contents and a measure of relief obtained.
But while curative treatment if-
largely out of the question for Ihe
ordinary farmer, preventive treatment
is always at his disposal, and in tbe
majority of cases when a farmer ha?
such a ease on his bands, either ho oi
some person has boon careless. Lack
of care in feeding is far and away the
most fruitful oarse of trouble of this
kind, and tho man who has a case of
.Indigestion in a horse has usually only
himself to blame.
anything to reliovo it. Ono haa only
to'take up the unhappy croature and
try to comfort it to make it become
quieter almost immediately. Another
picture shows a nurse applying un antiseptic lotion to a dog's ear, aud a
veterinary surgeon is seen cutting tho
clnws of a dog, an operation often
necessary for house-dogs, for the claws
may become so long as to penetrate
the flesh. Tho nurses learn to apply
poultices, to put broken limbs in plaster, to cleanse wounds uutisoptic.ally,
to prepare hygienic baths, to administer medicines—in short, to carry out
the various instructions of tho veterinary surgeons.
In tho Koyal Magazine is described
tho work of a "kennel-maid," an occupation which seems particularly suitable in every way for womoa, though
even iu such a country as Kngland
t here could not' bo vory many open •
ings for kennel-maids. The work consists iu taking care of dogs, washing
thoiii, cooking thoir moat, for them,
and nursing Them iu sickness. Training in a dogs' hospital is essential, in
order to acquire the necessary veterinary knowledge, und it is quite easy
m understand that, us tho writer says,
uo one not very fond of animals might
to attempt to be a kennel-maid, Anyone who was very fond of them, however, would Hnd tho work Interesting
and attractive.
The Hist thing to which a kennel-
maid must turn her utt en tiou iu the
morning is feeding puppies. Then tho
dogs must all be visited, and exercised, all which is done before breakfast. After breakfast, letters about
dog shows, medicines, etc., have to be
attended to, unlesa a dog happens to
bo very ill, when it has to be attended
to before tho lcttors. A toy pom with
pleurisy, for instnnce, requires hot fomentations, her temperature taken,
and a great deal of attention. Bome
kennel-maids do tbe cooking for tho
dogs in a special kitchen, others must
uso tho house-kitchen, which iB not sat;
isfactory. The writer whose articlo
is quoted works for a lady who owns
nnd breeds dogs Of various kinds, some
of them toys, some of them big dogs.
The full-grown dogs she insists ou
feeding more than once a day, though
puppies must of eourso bo fed ofteuer.
Part of her work is the treatment
of cut paws or sprains Which one .dog
may have got iu a fight with aaother.
Another part of it is washing and
brushing dogs to get them ready for a
show.- She seems to be kept busy from
about six in the morning till six iu the
evening, although she had not moro
than eight dogs and' five puppies to
look after.. Nothing is said as to payment for the work of a keunol-maid;
but the life would certainly be healthy,
and offers many advantages to those
fond of a country life and nnimnls.
Tn the October number of tho German Arena Or, Max Sonft draws the
attention of German readers to the in
st il nt ion recently founded in this conn
try where women aro taught the art of
nursing sick animals, especially dogs,
A picture shows two such nurses in the
■■troet rendering first aid to. n dog
which has boon run over by a motor.
In the streets of Germany it is no in
Irpqtrettt—oerW-^Fee--*-o- hear nn in iiirn-'
dog howling with pain, and it is sol
duin   Hint  a  passer-by  attempts  to  do
Tho late , Lord Swaythliug , once
asked a number of foreign rabbis to
dinner, They all came except one, and
aft^r waiting a few minutes t*ho party
sat, down, Presently there was a commotion below, and the host, going out,
found .the servants ejecting a bearded
Il appe.-ss thai this was the missing
guest, Who had lost his way, and, arriving late,, had found the front door
closed. It being against Hie Jewish
regulations for a Rabbi lo ring or
knock, he had gone round to the back,
whore, being unable to make himself
understood, ho had boon turned out by
tbe  domestic*;.
Tho Hindu hierarchy at. times issues
amazing orders, which are faithfully
obeyed bv all their'followers. In October, ll)6:t. the wh.de province of Bihar was agitated by one of those mya
terious orders, which was to tho effect
thai, for the space of I wo and a half
days sous ahould not look upon their
fathers nor fathers upon their sons.
Business was seriously hampored, for
thousands lift thoir roapective villages.
The mos; curious of all India '.<
strange sects were the Thugs, who worshipped Kali, wife of Siva the De
slroyor. Thev founded a vast secret
society uiiitod by signs ami a SCC.rct
They lived by robbery, but would
never steal until they had murdered
their victims. Before their murderous
expeditions their rules forced thent lo
purify themselves'. They were also en
joined never to shed a drop of blood.
and never to inflict pain. Thar is why
thoy  killed   by   strangling.
Deformed persons and sellers of oil
won1 safe from thorn, and thoir first
victim might not bo a woman. They
invariably burled Iheir victims cure-1
fully ii'i.i decently. To-day, owing to'
the svricj enforcement of British law,
the Thugs aro protty nenrlv extinct.
"ihe Navajo Indian, of fhe South-j
Western b'tates, is not perniitted by his'
religion lo eat fish. ITe would rather
flic of starvation Ihan swallow' a
mouthful of any finned thing. Nor will
he make his camp fire nf wood taken
form n free 'truck by lightning.
Under the title "How Wo Ool Our
Money,' there is nn interesting, ur
tide in T. P.'a Magazine, containing
some little known facts concerning
British coinage. For instance, tho
pound wns the value of n weight of
silver which would balance T.fiSt) grains
of wheat all taken from the middle of
ear and woll dried. This omount
of silver for convenience sake's was
coined into twenty pieces, called shil
lings from a word meaning to divide.
En some periods of history, however,
there havo been as many as ITRR sh1!
lings to the pound of silver, so.thnt the
sitnnlo relationship of weight is now
rquite lost, sight of.
Originally, the pound and, the sovereign did* not  mean tho snme thing, as
pontin was twelve ounces'of s'lver.
while the sovereign was auarbitrary
itandard which, as has been shown,
.had varying values. We obtained the
word giiirna. from the fact Hint gold
>nhis wore srmek from the metal ob
tnlnod from certain of the Afrlcat'
bncltlniids off the nninca coast. Ir is
he enso now that while the sovereign
!>f Guinea gold is quite non-exlstant.
it. is in constant use with us as a sym
bid ''or twenty-one shillings; as a mat
'or of fact, the guinea originally hn I
•ho value of twenty shillings, though
it varied nt different times,
What the Plague Really Is
The interest nnd importance of the
plague problem to Groat Britain does
not lie iu the widespread epidemic of
pneumonia plague iu Manchuria, It
does not lie iu tho sudden revelation
that plague has appeared iu European
Russia, iu the province of Astrakhan:
TVe tiro concerned before all things
else, with the undoubted presence of
the plague bacillus in Kast Anglin.
The profound influence which plague
has exercised upon the course of human
history has been almost forgotten now
atluys. Historians toll us of battles,
snd tho Ml'o aud death of kings, of
'' manners, climulcs,, councils, governments. But just us they have failed to
discern the great part played by main
riu in bringing nlmut the downfall of
ancient Greece, so Ihey have lost, sight
of the extraordinary effect of plague
upon the welfare of nntions. Who
that reads nf the wonderful re-birlh of
thai it was ut least in pint duo lo the
revival of human hope aftor tho crushing calamity of the Black Death/
The effect of plague upon Fnglish
national life has been very deep.
Every Knglish hedgerow is a reminder
of plague. The hedgerows mark tho
Chunke in 'and tenure which followed
the Black Death. The pestilence produced a scarcity of labor which gave
the final blow to villeinage and serfdom, and when farming in common
censed it became necessary to define
the fields. From that period dates the
emancipation of the English laboring
elusses. Plague helped tn kill tho tex-
tilo industries of tbe Eastern Counties and laid tho foundations of the
modern prospertiy of Lancashire and
Yorkshire. It wus largely responsible
for the decline of tho power of wealth
of the monasteries, and this brought
nearer tho Reformation. It revolutionized Church life and greatly modified
ehurch architecture. It oven facilitated
the growth of English literature. Up to
the time of the Black Death French
was the principal language of tho
schools and of the wealthy. So many
teachers died in the epidemic that a
new race of educationists arose who
insisted on giving instruct inn in tho
English tongue, and the way was thereby paved for "Biers the Ploughman"
and Chancer.
Thus through tbe centuries the sub
He effect of great plague epidemics
may be constantly traced. Tho enormous mortality from plague, and the
suffering thereby occasioned, is a strong
contributory cause—some people think
now prevalent  in India.
We have grown so unaccustomed to
tho thought of plague in this country
that warnings are received with indifference, if not with scepticism. The
public nro hardly to blame. Who
thinks now of Asiatic cholera in England? Tt has gone, wo may hope for
ever. Vet, in 1840 there were over
53,000 deaths from cholera in England
and Wales. Tu 1854 over 10.000 people
died of cholera in London alone, and in
18(!d tho cholera mortality in London
was 5;500, We aro a people of short
memories in some thingc.
Not only England, but the whole
world gradually forgot about plague
during the niuteenth century. It dis-
[appeared from England and also from
the wholo of Western Europe (with the
I exei ption of one subsequent outbreak
fat Marseilles) between Kifiti and 1li.SK
lit lingered in Russia aud the Balkan
| Peninsula   for   more   than   a   cou-.uty
I afterwards,  bet   finally   vanished'from
II 'oiistnntinoplo  iu   1S4I.
i    11  never really vanished from Asia,
but    withdrew    Into    remote  regions,
where   its   existence    in   an   epidemic
form was either unknown or disregard-
led.   Jt lurked in the Himalayas, in the
mountains    south    of    Mecca,  in   the
; swamps id' Mesopotamia, in the uplnuds
of  Vuniiau, and  probably  in   parts  of
Turkestan ami Hie Causasus,   Once, in
1877-78, il   flared oul  near Astrakhan,
in  European  Russia, and was duly recognized as plague.    All  Europe grew
| suddenly   alarmed,   but   Ihe   epidemic
[died away as mysteriously as it came,
and   was soon   forgotten  again.
Evon Ihe medical profession almost
ceased to diagnose plague, except in 11n
case of Astrakhan. In the Himalayas
it. was called by Hie local nam''
"mahamari," In Mesopotamia it iv
thought it might be malaria fever with
glandular enlargements, 'fhe war cor
respondents in (In- Caucasus during
the HussoTurkiHi War spoke of Hn
prevalence of " typhus fovor with bn
bocs," wh;eh is now believed lo hav<
boon plague. In China it was some
times uoflCribed as an epidemic resent
bling plague. Long after its appear
unco in Bombay it wns officially do
sig'-atel "bubonic fever," and its
idontlty (villi sdaguo was denied. The
•Bombay municipal auih.oi;ifie.s woro un
•Wiling u> Face the siluiition. They
thougid an admission Wonld "do harm
lu tho city." By the time thoy had
mado up thoir minds plague had reached
the mainland, and the deaths tn the
present date in India probably number
iionrly H.OOtt.Ono. The same reluotanee
to face manifest facts is visible in England today.
Plague is still in some respects the
most elusive nnd Inexplicable of dis
eusos. Why it should remain comparatively dormant for centuries, and suddenly spread far and wide again, nn
ono has attempted to explain. The
present pandemic may bo dated from
1804, when.plague reached Canton and
Hong-Kong, Since then it has effected
lodgments, mostly ineffectual, in fifty-
one countries. It hns devastated India
aad is now taking a heavy toll in Manchuria. Its failure to establish itself in
many lands is reassuring, but should
not convey a false sense of security.
Plague' was -present, in Manchuria ten
years ago. It has never struck hard
until now.
Thero are only two places in Europe
where the plague bacillus is positively
known to flourish at this. moment.
One is East Attgllti. Tho'ot'ier is e.-r-
ti.itt paita of sonih-oast Russia. The
disease has probably been among the
rats or Suffolk for throe or four yenrs.
Tho fact that there have only beeu
mall outbreaks among human beings proves nothing. The fact thut
possibly il is difficult to find plague
rats just row proves nothing, Ro long
as the bacillus is there among Ihe rats,
danger exists for England. Europjw,n.f
are no moro exempt from plague Utun
Asiatics. Thoir only projection is thi.
their mode of ligo does not bring them
into close contact with rats, or wi h
the rat fleas, which usually ubmniui i
cute tbe disease to man,
' The authorities are complacent abo it
tho presence of the plague bacillus in
England because, so' far, there hav*
been few human cases. That was oi
ftfltly wliat they wero saying in Mun
chui'm when I was last there. When
plague broke out in Bombay, tbo pooptfj
of Poena said: " It will not. pome
abovo the Glints." Jn later ynars
Poonii became liko u city i*J' the dotid
I have seen it wilh its si reels deserted
and  desolate.
I beliOVQ the presence of the plague
bacillus ia England In be far greater
iu its polontinlities than the constltil•
liounl crisis, ortiotial crisis, or tbo re*»t
procity agreement, or tho condition of
Hie Navy, or the Herman menace, or
tiny of tho issues which absorb public
at ioui ion, The Government will not
face it because they will not faco uuy
thing. Do business men realize that u
few cases of plague in one of our great
porls may paralyze our trade and in
rorcourso with  the Contlnontf
There is no need for public alarm,
but there is cause for anxiety. Above
all, there is urgent need for Qovern
meat action. .Japan has voted ♦-ril)(),m>0
for plague preventive measures. We
havo voted nothing. We think we are
secure against plague, although it ia in
our midst, jusL as we think we ati
secure against invasion. At tho pros
ont moment, according to the pub!rub
ed statements, thero are two expert*
searching for infected rats in E»#i
Anglia. Two. Wo ought to havo tw»
hundred at work, determining the pre
else area of infection, which is be
lieved to cover hundreds of aquarr
miles. When we know the full extent
of the infection, wo cau then commence
to devise measures for eradicating Mm
Tho answer of the Government four
months after learning the truth is U>
announce thnt it proposes to create
large standing military camps rn tl*
Eastern counties, und to Bend 40,000
iroops to bivouas in Ihe plngue-iufiwtn*!
A long established belief about the
.lews is thnt they nro immune from
certain diseases: for instance, consump
tion and cancer. Dr. Maurice Fiahberg.
who, as physician to tho United He
brew Charities of -Now York, is quail
fled to discusB tho subject, hns just pub
lished n volume on "The Jews; a Stiufy
of Race and Environment," and dis
proves the foregoing as well as mani .
I other popular beliefs about, this won
1 dorful race.
Dr,    Plshberg    demonstrates    that,
apart   from   alcoholism   ami   its  rouse
quences,  from  which Jews have until
recently beeu immune, the pathology of
the .lews differs in no respect from that
of other  Europeans living under ainii
lar    conditions,    The occupations supposed to be peculiar to .lows, moreover,
ure shown to bo duo to circumstances
j and not to heredity.   Given the oppoi
thnity, the .low  succeeds and  fails  in
any kind of employment just ns his foi
J low    Gentile    does.      The creation  uf
i Jewish  (rades and Jewish  occupations
I has boon duo to tho legislation  which
I has driven him out of other trades and
professions and given him no opportun
ity of supporting himself otherwise.
Most widespread of all the popular
beliefs concerning tho Jews, supported
especially by the cheap caricaturist and
Ihe popular dramatist, is that of the
Jewish typo and especially the Jewish
nose. Astonishment will be widespread
at tho result of Dr. Fishberg's invest!
gations, which shows that the "Jewish" nose is peculiar to only 11 por
cent, of the Jews of the world. If thore
is a Jewish noso at all it is the so
called Greek, or aquiline, for he computes that oT'/i per cent, of tho Jews
of Ihe world and 59% ner cent, of their
giste-ia possess thai physical feature
' Again, the most steadfast belief o!
.lew and Gentile almost flora Biblical
times Ihis until today boon in Hie purity
of the Jewish race. Dr. Eishberg, how
ovor, brings forward a mass of evidence
lo show that tlio elements iu Jewry are
as mixed, if not more so, as in any
other modern nation. Another firm be
lief which has survived the eeuturloB
is that of Ihe superior fertility nf the
Jews, and of the abnormal natural io
crease of their numbers. Dr. Fisliberg
shows, however, Hint tho birth rats of
Jews is always, except in a very few
Instances, below Hie birth rate of the
people in whose midst they live, and
so low has it fallen iu parts of
Western Europe that, npart from Immigration on the one hand aud loss bj
Bocossions "ii the other, the Jewish
population is practically stationary. In
some centres the average number of
children per family is loss than two,
and 1.110 number of births just abn.it
balances the mitulier of deaths. Tin-
oxlont of the drift from Judaism In
the lands of onmtii-ipntion is so considerable Hint the number of Jews apart
from immigration is everywhere on the
decline, In Scnndinuvia Jewry and
Judaism have practically disappeared;
French Jewry, ignoring recent immi
grants, is almost in the samo condition,
ami the same may bo said of England
-—that is to say, the descendants of the
English JewB of a century ago still
to be found in tho synagogue would
probnbly nut fill one building; in Italy,
where Jews have entered most tbor
oughly into tho public life of the coun
try, Hie number of Jews has fallen by
a half in the pnst forty years.
Dr. Fishbprg, however, does not present only the facts, which he has col
looted and co-ordaiued. He endeavors
also to point to tho conclusion to
which all his facts direct. Put briefly,
this conclusion is that the day on
which Hie lews of tho countries of secondary civilization, iu Europe ns well
as (ho other continents, are emancipated, and free to I've their own lives in
their own way, Hip door of Judaism
and Jewry will be sealed. Neither ic
likely to survive that day by more than
a century.
A Traveler'* Experlcace
"My ono wish will bo," writes
■saa-ry P. Pollurd, a well kuown boot
ud nlaoe travaallor of Ilsrtforal, "that
.-reryoiie with a bad stomach may loarn
sal I did bcforo it's too lato, that
Nijr\iliiiaa ia the one rouiody to cure.
»jiy, 1 was in mighty bail tiliapo, my
•Ugaaation wus all wrong, and every
uijKHt I woulal waken up with a start
and find my heart thumping like a
ikreaking mnchiiic. This wan caused
hy gat) in my atomuch pross'ni; iipiilist
my heart. Whoa 1 started tu use
Sorvilino 1 got hotter mighty fist. It
is certainly a grand romody for tho
trundling man, keeps your tttoiiinotl in
order, cures cramps, prevents lumbago
or rkeumntism, breaks up chest colds
arid sore throat—iu fact, thero hasn't
bees an ache or pais inside or outside
far tho past two years that I haven't
ogred with Norvilino. Do you wondor
1   recommend  it!"
•"roiaa'h essayists have sometimes said
that the overthrow of tho Kronen monarchy began iu the machinations of the
wiMnl, charlatan, nud so called impos-
uir, the Count ('agliostro. He broke
tsirosgh "tho divinity that doth hedge
n hiag" in bringing to light the levity
tad vanity of a French queen, Mario
aatolnetto, aud tho diamond necklace
affair, as is often averred, sent Laotlie
XVI to tho scaffold. Tho French writ-
on and editors of the present day are
now speculating upon what tha.y call
"tone decay of tho monarchical sentiment" in England. A recent incident
is the experience of King Uourge V. is
■ado to serve as tbo text for a dis<
course, or two upon tho alleged weak-
ansa of the throne in the British Isles.
Not only do papers of extreme Socialistic opinions, like the Huinnnlto, pre
diet tho establishment of a republic iu
Rsgland, but calm and thoughtful con
sorvativo journals liko tho Paris (inn
lain cau not conceal thoir forebodings
taf a change. A king, nowadays, it appears, ean not live above public opinion
asd ordor his critics' heads off, but
must li aa ii I down through the law courts
auy aane who ventures to license Iiiui
sf immorality or vlolatlou of the law.
An apparently iibsural stnry was trumped up lay a newspaper a'alit.ir, MylhiH lay
aaine, to tho effect that the present
King of England hnd socrotly married n
daughter of ihe English Admiral Soy-
nour eighteen years ago, and that 111.-
proaaeut QuOOU nt' Bnglliud was net his
aanly wife. This tale was published ill
bse revolutionary Liberator (Paris) nnd
arras translated and priuted in a l.aindaiii
papor or the same character, Myliue
was triaul on the suit of tho King, r'aauii.l
gailly, anal condemned to a portqd nf
iiylius is Cagliostro come back tu
life, exclaims tlia- gra.at CoiiHOrvatlVQ
sapor of l-nris, the Onulols. The editor
"Why is this Uyllnst I remember
him perfectly, nnd he is Indeed a very
•anient figure in history. Ile first up.
p.uara»al on the stage about a -century
sad a quarter age. Ile began his operations in Franco, and at that opoch bore
aha somewhat rclebratoil title of Count
Ongliotitro. The result of his appear
anco among Frenchmen was tho dis
trraco of a cardinal, the alraggiiig of a
aiaoen through tlie mud, and the be
fouling of a throne.    .    .    .
"1 always look out for number one,'
-.•ml  the selfish  man:  "alou't yeut"
"Well, hardly," snial the person si
.'addressed, who happened to be a wiil
aiw. "Vou sec. I mil looking out fur
mimlaer two."
t Red. Weak. Weary. Watery Erea
•srlnt Ossm'I tasrt-tsstsss las Pals
laljMEr.R~lr.U-H Uo. Mr, $1.00.
Marisa  Era Sataa, Is Aaaada Tafcaa, lie. t\M.
■ a..*.
i. ■
Murtw ly Weiwdy Oo)*, Chloag*
We want nil Bufforors from Kidney
sod Madder Troubles, Lame Hack and
Wieamatisiu, to test (UN IMI.I.H. and
aert for themselves that fll.N PILLS
will   really  cure  all   these   trotiblos.
If your kidneys are weak—if it
pains you to urinate—if your back
aches—if hands nnd feet are crippled
with Rheumatism—give CUN PI 1.1.8 a
aahanee to prove that they will relieve
you and cure you. It won't cost yon
a cent. You don't have to buy them.
Simply writo us for a froo sample.
"A abort timo ago, I recoiveal a free
sample of GIN PILLS which I have
taken with such gooal effects that I
herewith enclose nOc. for a box of
them. I believe OIN PILLS' are just
the things for me."
French   Rivor.
(UN PILLS are so called because
Ihey coutuiu tho medicinal principle of
J'nniper berries, the essential principle
sf (liu, but do uot contain alcohol
S6V. a box—(I for $8.110—at dealers
and guaranteed to give satisfaction or
oiona-y refunaled. Sample box free if
you write us. Nations! Drug and
(»emirn!    <Jo..    Dopt.   R.P,    Torsnto.
Make the Liver
Do its Duty
Nine (ansa is tn was* fa awK h r*jat das
rtoaaach snd bswela are ajgax,
gently but Srmlrcot
pel a lazy liver to
do iu duty.
Hwtlacsw, asad DUrw *fter Eatba*-.
Genuine «aa»baar Signature
Street gowns aro the first to demand attention in the
Spring, and just what is best to buy is not always ousy to
determine. Unfortunately, iu spite of the Weather Bureau
and the wise predictions of almanacs, there can be no positively reliable information that will help solve the problem
of whether a medium or light material shall be selected, so
often does winter cold linger, only to change within twenty-
four hours to semi-tropical heat, when even a light weight
cloth costumo is quite impossible, and this same temperature
will continue until tho summer senson is firmly established.
Again will como a season when furs will not be uncomfortable and when spring gowns of anything but heavy material
will bo equally impossible.
*   *   *
Prudent, and rightly known as economical, women contend
that the purchase of a medium weight street costume late
in tho winter is essential. They look askance at tho light
weight and light colored gowns that on n typical spring day
Pink Liberty Satin Gown with Gold Embroidered Tunic
are so fascinati.igly attractive, knowing that on a bleak, cold
day the same gowu will be hideously ugly and unbecoming.
An all-wool material of medium or really light weight cau
bo worn in quite cold weather if a thin knitted sweater or
sacque bo worn underneath, but this will not be necessary
often. The plainer models of skirt and cout are tho best
to choose for the spring street costume, as this will be used
later for travelling and always for some practical purpose.
Silk, nu tin or voile are better adapted to the more elaborate styles, and this year-there is a satin finish extremely light
weight cloth that will be included in the latter category.
Jackets are to be much shorter, and already the return
of the boloro and Eton jacket has been more than indicated
in many of the newest models. In tho everyday first spring
gown the short or rather medium straight coat is the best,
more in keeping with the straight plain skirt. With the
more elaborate skirts the shorter, more fanciful coat is the
more appropriate.
Straight lines for coat and skirt are to be the rule, and,
while the achieving of just tho right effect is diiUcult at
first, tho fashion is not an impossible one to copy if it is
realized that the finish must be perfect and that there must
be suflicient width across the shoulders to give this straight
loose appearance that is required.
A large flat hat eovered with black satin is trimmed
with a square of heavy white lace smoothly laid over the
crown; tho four corners are attached to the brim below a
wreath of small rone-tinted silk flowers that circle the crown.
This hnt sits flat on the head, nearly to the eyebrows. A
wide hut, all of Venise luce, its brim faced with white silk,
is trimmed with a tuft of airy black aigrettes set at each
side of the crown; and the favorite black and white mingling T have seen in a small dish-shaped hut of fine white
straw. Beginning at the ears the edge widens into a long,
dull point at tho back which curves over to be attached to
the crown, Lined with blaek velvet this tnrnod-ovor portion
gives it an air of extreme smartness. It is trimmed only
with a tuft of white ostrich feathers that stun from the
* «    *
Rich satin, black, ti.upe gray, or darkest blue, much trimmed with white lace, with a touch of color in the trimming
of the corsage, Is the favorite visiting gown of the moment.
With one of tbe new round, or pointed, shoulder capes
made of heavy lace, edged with velvet, the street costume is
complete. There are fittlo Eton and bolero lace jackets,
also, thnt while they are similar to those of other times, seem
novel by reason of a uew manner of adjustment, The back
is held by n wide belt fancifully composed of two materials,
while the fronts are left loose to curve from the throat, or to
fall in points over the belt in front.
The belt marks a deal of smartness on a gown, A description of their variety seems hopeless. Indeed, the variety
is the result of the fancy of the designer. Ribbon, silk, velvet, laee, and metal embroideries, and a mingling of two or
three materials iu ono belt, all help in the achievement of
this bit of ornamentation. At a recent wedding the little
alms bag carried among the guests was made of a fragment
of an old chasuble, and other fragments of it formed the
side portions of the wide belt that trimmed the parchment
colored gown of its owner. The romninder of tlie belt was
of gold and silver embroidery, and all of it was veiled with
cream colored mousseline de sole, The richness of recent
wedding gowns is in strong contrast to the traditional plain
while satin gowu. The bride thnt day wore a gown, simple
ia form, of splendid silver brocade richly embroidered in
silver at the hem of the front breadth and in slenderer lines,
it trimmed the edges of the round train, shaped a round belt,
and edged the simple corsage and short chemise sleeves,
* »
Signs of attempts to introduce new sleeves nro noted in
recent gowns. To a sleeve cut on tbo long familiar lines of
the kimono sleeve, a touch of novelty is given by a slit at
the back; the edges are rounded and the opening filled by a
luce flounce. The sleeve of an afternoon gown, cut in one
with the bodice, turns up at the elbow iu a narrow, flaring
cuff over a loug extremely tight under sleeve of the material of the guimpc. It is fastened from tho wrists to elbow
with a thick set line of small buttons.
Tho sleeve of a new evening gown is simply of a small
half square of white lace, the point hanging at tho back
of the arm, silver frings trims it. Ou another, the deep lace
bertha widens u little over the top of tho arm, supplying tho
only sleeve. This gowu is altogether unique in it's pretty
mingling of lace and white crepe do chine. The plain skirt
that drags slenderly in the back, is slightly gathered and attached by a large, silk-covered cord to the plain, round-waist-
ed lace corsage, laid smoothly over a lining of white mousse-
line do soie. The lace bertha nMrows to the belt line, shaping rovers, over them turn narrower rovers, of turquoise
blue satin embroidered with white beads, framing a tiny
chemisette of beaded lace.
A new Bilk, soft lightly ribbed, in white and in charming
shades of color, promises to load itself delightfully to summer gowns in combination with lnce and ribbon ruches.
-VNTRMA has mado a series of investigations of tho
I. brightness of the sky, which may be summarized as
follows: On some nights, when there is no visible
moon or auroru, and tho sun is more than IB degrees below
the horizon, tho sky, whether clear or cloudy, is distinctly
luminous, as a whole or in parts. Tho brightness of tho
sky, which usually increases toward the horizon, is sometimes equal to that of the diffused light of the, half moon.
1'rintod letters and the figures of a watch can be read with
ease, and comparatively small objects at considerable distances can be seen—telegraph poles more than 300 feet away,
for example, If the sky on these nights is clear, it appears
white or pale blue, so that the Milky Way can scarcely be
distinguished. On tho other hand, thore are clear nights
whon the sky appears almost black.
The brightness of the sky cannot be caused by the star*
alone, for in this case it would be the same every night
nud would not increase toward the horizon, but would rather
be diminished thero by atmospheric absorption. The variation in the light of the sky suggests a terrestrial cause.
Only a very small fraction ot the luminosity can be explained by dispersion of light in the atmosphere, as is proved
both by theory and by experiment, Yntema assumes that
tho earth is always surrounded by an aurora, which illuminates tho entire sky to a greater or less degree. It is well
known thnt the characteristic green line of the aurora often
appears in the spectrum of tho sky light, even when no
aurora is visible to tho naked eye.
THE recognized timo for a preacher to occupy tho pulpit
whon preaching before tho late King Edward waB ten
minutes. King George, however, has never quite approved of theso very short sermons, and it has boon intimated to tho chaplains in ordinary attnehed to tho Royal
household, from whom the prencher for the morning service
at Buckingham Palace is usually selected, that their sermons
may bo lengthier than they were customarily in the luBt
An intimation of this sort amounts practically to a command, but it is doubtful if it will be very welcome to some
of the chaplains who were; in tho lato King's household] who
have, during the pnst years, rarely preached n sermon of
more than ten minutes' duration.
When the King is at Buckingham Palace on Sunday,the
preacher for the morning service is selected by his Majesty;
the selection is usually made on Friday, and the chaplain
who has boon chosen is notified of the fact by tho Sub-Dean.
A WASHINGTON mnn relates how, on one occasion  In
the West, when he was on his wuy back to camp after
a day's shooting, he suddenly came in sight of a big
she-bear with two cubs following her in single file.    Thoy
were  proceeding along a   ridge,  the  forms of all  of  them
sharply defined against the evening sky.
Nattier Bin* Silk Voile Gown
It was a long range for ti shot, but the sportsman drew
a bead ou the old she'-bear and fired. The result wus amusing. Tho procession stopped; the she-bear scratched herself
hastily, then turned round, and, regarding the cub Immediately behind with severe disapproval, boxed its ears soundly.
Mother Bear then went ou her way, her back uncommonly
rigid and unrelenting., and it was clearly apparent to the
sportsman that she WUS under the Impression that her frolicsome offspring had been up to some mischief that must not
be repeated.
Sickness reduced to terms of dollars
and ceuts gives totals which quite take
one's breath away. Secretary J. N.
McCormuck, of the Kentucky State
Board of Health, in tho course of a recent address, estimated that eight diseases levy an annual tax upon the Blue
Grass State of nearly double its entire
"Tho estimate of our reportorB of
an average of $04 for the medical care,
drugs, nursing and loss of time for each
case of sickness, is certainly a very
conservative one," ho said, "places the
total yearly tax upon the peoplo of Kue-
tucky for eight diseases at $12,011,398.
But tho actual loss is far beyond this.
Professor Fishor, of Vale, the world's
greatest authority upon the subject,
tells us that tho value of a human life
gradually rises from $90 iu tho first
year to $4,200 when in full vigor, remains nearly stationary for a long
time, and then gradually declines until
it becomes negative. lie places tho
average value of lives sacrificed by preventable disease In this country at $1,-
"Making this the basis of tho calculation and applying it to the 13,337
doaths from eight diseases last yoar,
gives the sum of $22,072,900. Adding
this to the $12,191,398 which it costs
in various ways to care for those sick
of them, gives a totul loss for tbo year
of $34,804,298.
'' Enormous as these figures may soem
at first sight, it is believed that they
under estimate the money-saving which
is entirely possible every year if all the
people of Kentucky could and would observe tho lawB of health as now known
to tho scientific world in their daily
lives. This cost of sickness Is lust as
much a tax upon the peoplo as if paid
into the county, municipal and state
treasuries, but no benefits are returned
from it as is the case more or less with
other tuxes. It will be noted that preventable sickness is discussed hero purely as a business matter, no consideration being givou to tho inconvenience,
suffering and sorrow it brings into the
homes of the people."
Eight years of smallpox epidemics in
Kentucky, covering a period from 1898
to 1900, cost tho State a million dollars,
"to say nothing of the distress, suffering nnd loss of life."
In Germany, Dr. McCormack pointed
out, vnacinatiou hns long been compulsory, and smallpox has disappeared. In
tho last reported yenr, thore wns but
one case in Germany's 03,000,000 population. "The average cost of a successful vaccination is 40 cents, tho average expense of caring for u cnBo of
smallpox for the public is $40, and yet
in the fnce of tins experience, over'40
per cent, of our peoplo remain unvac-
There is an oriental race, as yet little
heard of, which has developed ideas
about the relations between the two
sexes, which would set the most advanced people of today thinking. The
ideas which prevail in Burma about
women upset a grent many notions
which man has formed about woman
from the earliest times, declares a
writer in the Westminster Review.
A Burmese woman, for example,
makes love to a man first. It sounds
strange, not to say unnatural, to most
European ears, and yet this frankness
on the part or women toward "mere"
men is greatly desirable among women
of other countries. A Burmese marriage is civil, nnd not religions. They
cannot understand whnt religion has to
lo with marriage. They look upon it
as a pure and simple partnership, which
if not happy might be dissolved nt any
time. '
With such ideas, it is natural that
they should hato the "ceremony" of
marriage. After marriage there is no
outward symbol like a wedding-ring on
a Burmese woman's body. She does
not even adopt her husband's family
name, but retains her own. As religion is concerned with tho soul only,
the two sexes arc on equal terms in
They du not possess two laws, one
for men only, and the other for women,
as in Europe. Ah Burma was absolutely free from  any kind  of feudalism,
Grateful Patients Tell of Almost Minwo-
loim Cuvm of Oatancti, Granulated Lids,
Wild Hairs, Ulcers, Weak, Watery Eyes and
all Eye Diseases—many have thrown away
their glasses after using this maglo remedy
one week. Bend your name and addrese
with fall description of your trouble W tke
H. T. Schloacl Co., 6200 Home Bank Build
lug, l'eorla. 111., or All out the coupon below,
and you will receive by return mall, orepald,
a trial bottle of this magic remedy that has
restored many almost blind to sight.
FKEB. This coupon la good fee om
trial bottle of Schlegel'l Magic I/O
Itemed]* sent to you prepaid. Simply III
In your iitum> and addreae on dotted Ums
bulow aud mail to the H. T. Schlafel Co.,
62,10   Moim? Bank Building,  Peoria,  lit.
Here's* Home Dye
Hdrtml, gags
Willi ftV-O-LA m mm cedar eitW WooL
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the MMt Df**   No chun of mlug tbo
A Pill that Proves its value.—Those
of weak stomach, will find strength
in Pnrmelec's Vegetable Pills, because
they serve to maintain the healthful
action of the stomach uud the liver,
irregularities in which arc mont distressing. DysjKmtics arc well acquainted with them aud value thorn at
their proper worth. They huve n(forded relief when other preparation* have
failed, and have effected cures iu ailments of long standing where other
medicines   wore   found   una vailing.
women were never looked upon as tbr
"weaker sex," and therefore tko criminal law is the same for men and wo
men there. Tho Burmese women have
always been free from sacerdotal and
secular dogmas alike. They do what
they like, according to their own sweet
will. They liko to work, even if they
are not obliged to do so.
The husband hns no right over the
property which his wife might have
possessed before marriage, nor ovor the
property which sho might acquire after
marriage. The Burmese woman can ap
pear in law courts to represent her husband. In contracts with a third person
she nnd her husband sign their names
together. They can borrow money on
joint security. Both husband and wife
can sign deeds and lend money.
Finally, if there is no longer any
love between a married couple in Burma, they get the divorce even more
quickly thun thoy do in the United
States. A groat mnny ideals of the
modern Western woman have been put
into practice for centuries in Burma,
where mnny a woman divorces her bus
band aguinM his will.
Make a point never to wear a new
pair of gloves till the buttons are re-
sewn. This avoids dropping thorn at
moments when one's reputation for
neatness  may  suffer.
A Cure for Rheumatics.—A painful
and persistent form of rheumatism is
caused by impurities in the blood, tbe
result of defective action of tho liver
and kidneys. The blood becomes tainted by the introduction of uric acid,
which causes much puin In tho tissues
and in the joints. Panneleo's Vegetable Pills are kiiowu to have effected
many remarkable cures, and thoir nse
iR strongly recommended. A trial of
them will Convince anyone of their
i wv mi tsMptJkf Afferent from erdtoary preparations.   Tfcey aoeompllsh l
* MM* wHheitt tjMurtone tha rest ef the system, aad are tharefera tha
■I Is saiis far tf» aniHof mother, u they do not tit sot tho ebttet
Ummmmmt M» iR NA-DRU-CO preparations, by expert ehemtoU.   II
Faitory wall gladly return your money.
ttasUa.   If yetir druggist has not yet stocked them, seed Uo. and we
wfll mall them. 24
Hidiait Wm —d n.«iii it e$m$$m mi C—de, umfcod.   .   .   .
BRTJOE'S GIANT WHITE FEEDING BEET—The moat valuable Flold Root
on tbe ranrkot, combines the rich qualities of the Sugar Boot with the long keeping.
...rgi*. size and heavy cropping qualities of the mnugbl. i/i lb. I'M:, V» lb. 19c,
1 lb. 30c, i lbs. $1.10, postpaid.
The best of all field Carrots.    V* lb. BSc. Vs lb. sue, I lb. 60c, postpaid.
to our Giant White Foodlng Beet, and equally eaiy to harvest. V. lb. 13c, Vi lb.
ISc, 1 lb. 30c, 4 lbs. $1.10, postpaid.
BRUCE'S NEW CENTURY SWEDE TURNIP—The bast shipping variety, as
well as the boat for cooking: handsome shape, uniform growth, purple top. V4 lb.
18c,   >/a  lb. 24c, I lb. 40c, 4 lbl. $1.40, postpaid.
FI? C ET       "ur hnndaomoly Illustrated 104-pK|te catalogue of
• * •*■" mm       Y(-Kf.-f.:,hln, Farm and Flower Seeds, Plants,Bulbs.
Poultry Kuppti.H, Gardi.n Implements, etc., for 1011.    Hend for it.
John A. BrUCe & CO., Ltd. Hamilton, Ontario
Hitabltfthed Hixty-onc Y«ara. WE ISLANDER, CthlfcRKUSD, B.C
Published   every   Saturday   at  Cumberland,   B.C.,   by
Ormoxd T. Smithe,
Editor and Proprietor.
Aclvfrtiaing rates inil'lUlied elsewhere In the paper.
Suhacriptii.n price 11.50 per your, pnynble in ndvanoe
The editor does yot hold   himself responsible for ricwi expressed by
SATURDAY, MAY   6,    1911.
What the Editor has to say.
We would call tbe attention of our renders this week to
tbe fact that it is contrary to the Bush Fire Act to set out
lires after tbe 1st. of May without first having secured permission to do so from proper authorities.
Failure t> comply with this section is punishabl by a fine
of from $50 to $200.
The May number of the American Magazine contains a
ery excellent article on Single Tax and the benefit that has
Accrued to tbe City of Vancouver through its adoption and
exposing the weakness and folly of the system of taxation upon improvements which is being forsaken by all progressive
We would advise the members of the council to get hold
of this article and read it. j
Has any one heard of the enforcement of the Pound Bylaw since the present council was elected? It seems to us that
some members of that august body which constitutes the Council board for the city made some promises with regard to the
enforcement of this bylaw before election.
It will be unlawful for anyone to use an automatic shotgun in the pursuit of game in British Columbia on and after
Sept., 1st, ext. The penalty prescribed is a fi e of not more
than $250 or less than £50.
The vote of the Presbyteries on church union has now
been completed. Of he G8 Presbyleries in Cannda 54 have
voted for union, 12 have voted against it, and two have given
a modified approval, which counts as a negative. The total
vote cast is 82G to 443 in favor of union.
Cumberland will celebrate the 24th of May. New what
is the matter with Union Bay and Courtenay freezing on to
Dominion Day and Coronation Day ?
Complaint has heen made to this office that fire drill is not
held in our loca' sc!;o>'.
If this is a fact, and enquiry on our part seems to confirm
the s'atement of he comp ainant, it is n matter that should lie
attended o a o-ce.
The School Trustees should see to it that fire drill is held
regularly and not merely at spasmodic intervals   when atten
tion has been called to the matter through the press.
We notice that repairs have been made to tbe sidewalks
on Dunsmuir Avenue, but we trust that the good work wil
not end there, as some of the sidewalks on tlie back streets
are a positive danger to tbe citizens.
Beadnell & Blscoe
Offices: Courtenay and
 1 Comox, B.6.	
Bush and Farm Lands
Sea and River Frontage
Courtenay Lots
Phone 6 gj A,j p,.^^
Not the Cheapest, but the Best
Catalogue Free
Vancouver Island Nursery Co.,
So.nenos, V.I.
» * a) » # a>   >s)*.a>a)a>a>a»a>  a> a>  a> a>
m* * m J
120       PRICE FROM $125 1 O -500.00.
■a>ata>a>e>»e>a>a».»a>t>a>e>e> ■>■» »«»>»»
The Island RealtyCo.
Fire. Life, Live Stools
. . . Accident
Phone 22.     Courtenay, B. C.
Comox Electoral District
TAKE NOTICE thst I bs»e received objwlians in writine to ths rs-
(station of tbo following iumiim on ths Reiiie.sr of Vutsrs for ths Ooiuol Blss-
lorsl Diatriot on ths friuunds sated Mow:
AND TAKE NOTICE thst s Ciidht of Revision to be bold on ths
Ssvintb i)*v or Mat, 1011, st tha Coi'ht lloi'si. Cuhbssuhd, B. C, st 10
o'cl ok in ths forsii'aon, 1 shall hear slid dettariniiis ths aai.l objecti.ma, snd un
leu auob named persons, or some other iiruviiieisl vaater on their In half, saiianVa
tue that! such objections sre not wall fouudsd, I ah ,11 strike auch usiuss off ths
■aid Rsgst.r.
Ktifjietrnr of Voters
Coiuox Electoral District
Voted this 12tA. any o/  April, 1911.
The following persons nre reported absent Irom the district!'
..Main Struct, Union.
No. Nasi
"5 Bannerman, John It	
' HO Bates, Frederick	
112 Bennie,  Duncan	
16.1 Bnuiaahaw, John Join."	
2A1 Oorron, Jama's M	
27.') Chambers, John	
465 Farmer, Hurry 	
033 Gamier, Christopher	
o»» Graeu, Frederick J	
618 H*KK»rt, Thimiaa Koibes	
71M Jenkins, John   Mila«a   	
823 Jones, Edward Waller	
'.Ill Lefley, John 	
918 U'rlstuiie, JolinTojei	
i)30 Lyiell, JaniBM	
965 Manin' Owen	
102!) Misener, William Dunatan ....
1061 Mumlell, John  	
1137 Molntyre, John	
1213 McMillan. Geojie I)	
1247 Napier. H. IIosb	
1287 Olson, Ole 	
1302 Parker, Frank	
1386 Pickard, Albeit	
1837 Pickard,   Frederick Day	
1342 Pulcuck,    William Thomas....
1S62 Piket, John Ha-nry	
1411 Rees, J. M.,	
1460 Una Antonio	
1513 Shaw, Ueorge Nelson Jardinf.
1720 Wall, William Henry  ^^^^^^^^
The following persons are reported deceased
Sees. 18 antl 45,   Comox.
Union Hotel, Union...
(juatliiasco Cove	
Spring inn, Comox.
407   Dirkes, Frederick Augustus...
482 Fletcher, Donald H	
651  Hancoek, Sydney WilliamOeorgo
755 Howell, Lewis	
765 Humphrey, John	
1085 McClulkey, Hurry	
1152 McKelvey, Adam	
1214 McMillan, John Alexander	
1308 Pirltes, Nelson	
1647 Tarn, Enrico	
..Union Bay	
..Denman Inland.
&, m. ASTOH
Practical   Watchmaker
All Work Guaranteed
a a
. . NEX1 TO TARBELL'S, . .
Dunsmuir Ave   : ::   Cumberland
Pilsener Beer
The product of Pure Malt and
Bohemian Hops
Absolutely no chemicals used
in its manufacture
sssBest on the Coast =s=
Pilsener Brewing Co..    Cumberland, B.C.
tlFKT  /C 1 1 1
. .POR..
fhe  Russell
The Dili)' Gar Mauu
iu America with
the "Silent Knight
Valveless Engine,
\ !rh made in valve
. . .  style . .  .   i	
Cleveland, Brantford. Mttasey-Harris, Perfect, and Blue Flyer Blcy-
elea; Fairbn.nKs Moran Gas Fnginen; also the Moore Gasoline
Lighting Systems. Oliver Typewriters. Repairing of all kinds.
Bicycles, Sewiity Machines, Guns, etc.     Scissors and Skates ground
Rublter Tires for Hahy CarrUtyes.    HoopsJor Tubs
RANGING FROM $20.00 TO $25.00
The Furniture Store"
McPhee Block A.   McKINNON      Cumberland, B.O
Diatrict ialsa.ywa.rd
TAKK NOTICE lhat Ueorge Porier, of Vancoeer
i.a'aupation barbar, intend* to.apply fur pertatiauaiull
to purclaaee the following daaaaaTllaa.il lands:—
Commencing aat a poat planted .at the s. K coiner
of T. L. S7116 llauaace sboul 60 chain* weat; theuce a
bout 14(1 ebuliia norlla to ahoaa Hue; tboiice south*
eaut, following ahora line to point of .aauiuieiiceiueut
couUluiug 640 acrea wore or leaa.
laeorge Porter
Karl Cltnn, Agent
lute Miw.li 1Mb. uu. (..pi o
ee aouthaochaina to point of commencement containing MO acrea uiora or leaa
Alfred Cautuchs
■Sari mint, Agent
March 1Mb UU dpi •)
Diatrict of Hay ward
I'AKK. NOTI: K tlaat Aafred . autaaacba of Vanco
urer li.e., occupation plaaterer, inlanda tu  apply
f..rperaul*alouaopureb'.e tbe fullaawiiag daacrlbed
(..ataiiaienving at poat planted about20chulne north
of lbs H W corner of T 1. miitti thence weal 80
cbabu; thence sortta 40 cbaina; thence eaat 40 chaina
thence north 40 cbabu; theuct eaat «0 chaina; tha n-
Diatrict of Nay ward
TAKB NOTICE that »llllani Maddlaon Fraaor,
of Vancouver B.C. occupation carpenter, Intend* taa
apply fot penniaaiaau to putcluise tba. following da.
scribed landa—
Commencing at a poat planted about SO chaina
north of tho .1. W. corner of T. L. mw, thence aoulh
80 chaina; thence weat no cbaina; thence north So
chaina; thence eaat K) cllalna lo point of coumeacs
aaant, conUinmg 040 acraa mora or leaa.
Karl Cllne, Agent
Dat«,_Jlarch Uth. UU ,pl ,, I I
.JsM Tup 5?rtre nf »•*»>
Tiie Store of
Every boat adds
to our stock of
those High Class
SHOES for men
and women unequalled for
ion pHllaru. KaUha«'l909
lrainjsa.il* M*y 31, laid 3TM0 ••••
which sold st wholssale priest*
not       t       •       • $1019 13
dost ol faed lair same period     ail.OS
I sos. ei
avtrnstjprofil tor bird for
Ml days       •        •        •
Earn for hatching:,
(lay       •       •       •
Par II.
Per 100
UllNdAN, B.V.. 1*
H. M. Beadnell,
Comox, B, C.
Agent for E & N.
Comox  District.
Grocers & Bakers
•calerB In all kind* of Good
Wet Goods
Best Bread and Beer in Town
Agents for Pilsener Beer
**~t**+<i*i—i* **mjmm*isjitit0^ij>lft4tlttm^smmmM*mM0t0tjs)sjmtJ
Display Advertisements
78 cents par column inoli por nvnith.
Special rote fur half pnj;« or mure.
Condensed Advertisements
1 cent 1 word, 1 i88UO ; minimum uliargo 28 (Hints.
No rtoi'ounta run for thia olaaa of wlvcrii-iiig
..ff. Cll
i i
"Leading Tobacco King."
Batter known u
Dealer la Fruits, Candy, Cigars
aad Tobacco.
CJk Billiard Room in connection
I   Our forgltlhtt, ("mnni   DNtrlrt,   hnvo lurch.
l»   I'ftmhfd tir«i of lliii* tlairip: • X 7, And WJIUre
with letter OiliMflire,  If owner* wlih t.» claim,
|iti<aip cnminnnfrntf to dofray oipemwn,   AiMi-mh
Ovnmaii I>IhiiiI,
Ukio.n 1.01111a; No U, I. 0 0. F.
Moata tavniy Fiiday eveninuh' 7nolick
an 1. 0. U. K. Hall    Visiting bmihttra
Jas E Ahton, Skckktaey
:   :   :   CEIVED  :   :   ;
Up-to-date Merchant Tailor
Now thu limn trill anon lie coming
When with your residence jrou do .
tin giet aick,
l''o. after tlie Hies t.'i   I., use with
dirt does get thick,
Ski don't you think we'd better be
Anal call on tlie Palilwr ami have our
house Hxed.
Painter and Paperhanger
SKIN WKJTIiH etc. Cumberland.
Terms Moderate.     Business Punctual
$ent$ : ghtite
of Summer Suits at $15.00
They are the latest in style and
best in quality,
DON'T BOBGET-weare a-
gents lor  Coppiey, Noyes & Ran
dali Clothing.
Or.   Ladie ' Waist     avp arrived
and are open tor inspection.
ile If ffl Mailer.
mm HOTEL =
The finest hotel in the city.
Stoves and Ranges,
Builders Hardware, Cutlery,
Paint, Varnishes, Arms and Ammunition, Sporting Goods,
The  McClary  Manufactuing Co.
Sherwin-Williams Paints
Will Old Age Find YOU
Still Drudging Along ?
What is life going to mean to you ? Is it going to mean comfort and prosperity, or is lack
of training going to condemn you to hard labor for the rest of your days?
FOR YOU, THERE IS A ROAD TO SCCCESS.    Let Geo. Shaw, Nanaimo, tell you all about it.
The International Correepondenee Schools
.   .   NANAIMO   REALTY   COMPANY   .   .
We are agents for Fire, Life and Live Stock Insurance and our rates are the very lowest compatahle
with safety. Do not let fire catch you without protection. Remember our Companies are safe and
rates moderate.   Delays are dangerous, to-morrow may be too late.
Citizens should call and inspect them before voting POR or AGAINST the SE WEBAGE BY-LAW.
^Toef ^Tcgfarfane,      Hf$o*w 66.      (Jitrnforland, g8. §.
ci-»*u.,.~-m'Ti'>®xriLK gag THE ISLANDER. CUMBERLAND, B.C.
Strengthens the Throat
Mr. W. P, I'urdom, writing from St,
Aniu''s Bay P.O.. says: 4,1 used to be
troubled with relaxed throat, constant
irritation itud coughing. I inhaled Ca-
tariho'/.ono as directed und havo boon
permanently cured. J can think of
nothing so good for the throat, nose
and bronchial tube as Catarrhozone
I recommend it to nil my friends.
Cure is \ uick, mul sure if Cntnrrho-
zone Ib used for Bronchitis, Irritable
Th rout. I 'uturrh a nd Chest Troubles;
25c,. 50c,, and $1,00 sizes at all dealers
The recent experience in the eastern
countlos of tint dissemination of disease by rats has resulted in nn organ-
iM«d campaign ag&infit this pest. Unfortunately, however] ut the present
moment the true sent of tho postilenee
does not receive the attention it ought
to do. vessels are the vehicles where
hy rats are mostly carried from om
country to another and froui port to
port. If soeh carriers were cleared of
the nuisance nt frequent intervals the
invasion of a district would be effectively prevented. Home time ago the
port of Hamburg acquired a special
vessel by moans of which an incoming
ship waa completely fumigated with
noxious gases pumpod through flexible
hosu to all parts of the hold, especially to the aprts where the rodents gather in greatest numbers, and where
thoy are immune from detection and
destruction by ordinary means. Tho
port of Loudon has also a similar ap-
rpaatua mounted on a small barge carrying a complete plant for generating
the poisonous gas so .   The barge is
brought alongside the vessel to bo fumigated, and delivery-pipes nro laid
from the gns-genorntlng plant, through
the hatches and ventilators of the ship,
. and a stream of noxious air containing
3 per cenl. of tho SO is charged at
tho rate of one thousand cubic feet a
minute. This gas, being of a searching character, penetrates to tho most
inaccessible parts, suffocating the ro-
dents instantly. The noxious gas is
thou cleared out by a powerful blast
of pure air, and the, dead rodents can
afterwards be collected and destroyed
in the ship's furnaces. Were such an
effective appliance in use at all our
large ports u severe check against1 the
rodent invasion of theconntry would
he rondored economically feasible; and
it should be possible to apply the same
Idea ot the clearance of large ware-
bousse which at present are overrun
by tlieBO pests, since the gas, from its
heavy character, would (ind its way;
into all holes ami nesting-places. The
cost of the Operation is stated to bo
very low.
I   ri.ATTEH myself that I've rami
I    lait   with   tliis  song.    Er—by  tho
way, who wias th:at gentleman thut
was moved to tears ini.l weut out?"
"That wiis thaa couipOaor."
Oil  mother!" a^xclaimoal little Eiiy
moml upon liis return Irom Sun'
alny Sehool, "the superintendent
aaid something awful nice about me in
his prayer this morning."
"That     was    splendid,    Kuymond.
What did ho say?"
"Ho Bald: "0 l<oral, wo thank Thee
for food ami ltaymond."
WILLIAM II. Uidgloy, former Con
trollor of the Currency, saial of
aa a'ortlaill speculator rea'eatly:
"Tho man is as ingenious las a horse*
lauder's sou who wns once unexpectedly called upon by his father lo mount
a' horso and exhibit its pacOB,
"Ab  he mounted  ho leaned toward
his father and said:
"'/vro you buying or selling?' "
THE baldest man in Congress is Ho.
presentativo Ollio James, of Kentucky. Ono hot afternoon, wner.
lie wub engaged in n heated colloquy
with Mr. Payne, of New York, lu shook
his list and wagged his head with grant
onergy. "Will tho gentleman from
Kentucky allow mo to interrupt 'aim'"
queried Air. Payne politely. "Por a
question, of course," ugrced .fames.
"Wall," retorted Payne, "shake not
your gory locks ut me." That ended
the dobntaa.
aa     .     a '
A WELL-KNOWN society man of
Buffalo recently shocked ono of
his lady friends by his igoorauco
of history, it was after a dinner party
at his liimse. and she was telling him
what sue had learned in hor private
history class. Ono thing led to another,
and all the time ho was getting into
deeper water. At last she surpriseal
him by Inquiring: "Now, toll mo. Mr.
 , "what   aro   tho   Knights   of   the
Petit'"' He stammered for a while, uud
inally blurted out: "Why, Saturday
lights, 1  suppose."
a    a    #
PRIVATE John Allen hns a favorite
story about a Qoorgis bishop. One
of the members of the bishop's
church met tho revercnal gentleman on
Sunday afternoon and was horriflod to
find tiio bishop carrying a shotgun.
"My ilenr bishop," ho protested, "I
am allocked to dual you out shooting
on Sunday. Tho apostles did uot go
shooting on Sunday." "Xo," replied
tho bishop, "they did not. The shooting was very bad in Palestine, uud
they went fishing instead."
#     *     a.
ONE morning a Congressman went
into a country hotel in Calil'imia
and gave his order for breakfast
to a waitress who seemed utterly indifferent as to whether he got food or
starved to death. She kept him waiting a long time, uud his 'impatience
grew until he gave it vent. Calling a
waitress who passed by his table, he
asked: "How long have you been
hero?" "Who, me?" she asked sweetly. "I've beeu here three weeks."
"Then," said Kahu, "you aro not the
one who took my order. That ono left
here before vou came.''
A   CLERGYMAN had been displeased with tho quality of milk serv-
a.     y      ,   ai    ti 1     fvll ed him.   At length he determined
Ur.naitel S female rlllS to remonstrate with  his milkman for
supplying Buck unworthy stun, lie began miluly: "I've been wanting to boo
you witn regard to the qunlity of tho
milk with which you aro serving mc."
"Yes, sir," uneasily answered the
"I only wanted to say," continueal
the minister, "that 1 use the milk for
drinking purposes exclusively, und uot
for christening!"
•    *    a
YES, ' said a travelling man last
night, "I was once out of sight ot
land in tlie Atlantic Ocean twenty-one dayB."
There wus a small-sized crowd sitting
around.   Another mnn spoke up.
"On the Pacific Ocenn ono time I did
uot see hmd for twenty-nine days," he
A littlo bald-headed man knocked tlie
ashes from liis cigur.
"I started across tho Kaw Rivor at
Topoka in a skiff once," he said, "aud
wus out of sight of land before I hod
reached tho other side."
"Aw, come off," said the man who
had told the lirst tule. "The Kaw isn't
more than three hundred feet wiale at
"I didn't say it was." said tho little
bald-headed man quietly. "The skilT
turned over and I sank twice."
"Well, why don't you choose time
fur love-mnkiug when I'm not too
busy?" answered the busemont Venus,
with a poiit. "Can't you seo I'm wubIi-
ing up?"
"All right, Susie; don't get cross.
Look here, if 1 spins out this job so
that it lasts till touiorrow afternoon,
will you promise to got your work out
of the way, so that we can chut things
ovor liko?"
1' Tomorrow afternoon, indeod!''
snapped Subjo. "You ain't in n hurry,
I must Bay. What's tho matter with
tonight t''
"Tonight, in my own timo!" rotort-
ed the plumber, scornfully. "I don't
IMAGINE a solid column of oil shooting to u height of more than 450
feet from a holo in the earth, with
a mist of minuto globulos carried by
the wind for more than ten miles, settling down upon the vegetation nnd
forming pools of oil within that radius;
then a great lake of the fluid four miles
long by turee miles wide and formed
by melius of au earthen dam hastily
thrown across a nntural reservoir, and
at tho lowest depression of the bank
of this lake a channel several feet wldo
lending into the Tuxpnn River, through
which the overflow of oil from the
wonderful geyser is constantly going to
waste. Adal to this the outbursts of
deadly gases thut pour from the mouth
of the well nt frequent intervals, settling over the country for miles around,
bringing death and desolation to all
eegetable and animal life that comefl
within their reach. Imagine nil this,
and somo ideu may bo had of thnt wonderful phenomenon, the oil well opened
in the Potrero del Liana district, near
Tuxpan, Mexico, ou January 8, by an
English company headoal by Lord Cow-
dray. That this well is the largest pro-
diia'aT in tire history of the oil industry
is admitted. Tt has demonstrated that
underlying tho gulf coastal region of
Mexico is the greatest resorvoir of oil
known in the world.
TaiaaaHal sal aaaaaaaaaraSai lac aaiaaia'a aaV
■issa. s aiSasalliallr mpataat raaaaar at
sasaa* aasnk. Ta. ratals mas (Mr ssa Is
«ata* as* i tarns il   fa* sals at tn Sng
Vour color ia bud, tongue is furred,
eyes are dull, appetite u poor, your
stomach needs tone, your liver needs
awakening. Try Dr. Hamilton's Pills.
In just one night you'll notice a difference, for Dr, Hamilton's Pills search
out every trace of trouble. Vou '11 eat,
sleep, digost nnd fool u whole lot better. You will gain in strength, have
» <dcar complexion! experience the joy
of robust health, To tone, purify and
enliven system, thero is nothing like
Dr. Hamilton's Pills. 2.">c., at all
and miy iwitnui iiiHMum pmiiijiUj
n nali-. uliniwiiit, antli 'nor liniment.
IVllc'J-llt.-a lU  M'tll (if I l i.IlltlC,   |H Jll-
in,: hml wil-ilift*. AlHiH'RKivefiriort
liinii'lion mtUI n* BOltrv. with, VJttS,
aUJSOHHIM.I"      WwpiW "liHw'1 MWI «»l*. tone,
SitWmiMMs     wi.iiniN.  iv.lmvn   Vailuof*  Vcli.n,
—__.. VftricM'-'i-, 11 s ,li i»'fle, ctinm Itraim
mul niiniitiH. 'Iitl.tr' out nurenerabutd
inllMiiiiiHi n m—1< ■!'!« iHaiiiiit-tM.
AouMomflrvrrttMi "My wife hll
Im-n (Kiiililed w itii n niiJturcil llwb
for nt <>r i., groan-no rift day or
iilirhi, W« trifil mort every knuwn
•xihiity for the troui'ifwiijttilffli i
nin nn temmnrt rtlwtiPttmMa
k.u    AISSIiKIHNK, .IK.
A.Hlxtt'ii'iwil hv nilililn^'iii wttliOnt
.utiiil.-iaiiit. -iii-'wijnili..'tv in no more
pain mn! iih.1 not raftered from jihIh
"lie vein* wii>' lim'a- nti'l |imra-
. nt—nt tliu cm- Hlmotft liit-lrible
*ith very Ifttta rwHUrjf. This In nlmunt 11 Minute, Itut it in
u nnr Ihetmlii n« I inn • \-|nv«s tl.  Wu irh<lly ruuom-
nifmi It to K(i>- One who tuny miller In Hke
Bnfti And |)[r;i-itnt t"» U*»—'I'licUy mIihoi
sen vine ft dry mul cli'iuu   lliwiili.t like tli« ndovb mako
'lilltalinillX'l-'HIirV.     A:-la   Villi"   ll-l^'ll lifll « (lllOTtt it,     I'HCO
II.'XM ot, $Z.U>i.V.l i-iT. Ii-til.> (it dniKtfii'lfl or dclivuruL
Ftoo** IKfnv.   M imifaU"' cil only liy
* F. YOUNG. P. n, F ,210 Temple St., Sorlnrrflotd, Mass.
laYJf.tKH. I.iat., MnnlrsTil, rjn;n1lsn A«i.»ts.
IKq riirnMi'-l In  Jll 111 IN   Wll-K it HV>.\»: I (>., Hlttntw-*;!
rilF AATMINAI. Hill 'I  k I IIK.tHI'AL 10.. olnnitnr * f*|.
|U(i tnd llF.<ili}.Uno.\ niioa. ioH Ud.. Vntwm,
by urail at houie. Waltz, Two-8tep,
Three-Step and Gavotte $1.00. Sond
for Hat. Success guaranteed or money
refunded. Thousand*: of testimonials.
38'/,  Oshorno  Street,  Winnipeg
for COUCH'S li COLD8
THIC kiliila'rciirtou tcachair in a oer-
tain Suuilay school, who Is also
a Publio Bchool toacbar well on in
years, announced to hor class ot littlo
iiiios that as sha> was very tired and
inuiili in ni'C'il of rest she would not
teach them during Ilia; summer.
Tho children's sympathies wero ar-
oused, and they collected iu the class a
sum of money to buy thoir teacher a
Oue evening the mother of tho boy
who was the leading spirit iu tho movo-
ment asked:
1 What are you going to buy for your
"I'm not quite sure," veplied tho
small boy, "but we saw something in
the florist's window to-day that wc
thought she'd like. It, was a pillow
all made of white flowers, and right,
in tho middle in purple flowers it said
'At rest.' "
»   *   •
GIJ8IR," said tho handsome plumber,
laying down his tools, which he
had taken up by mistake, "Susie,
I love yer!" , ,    ,
"Get along now, do,' sniggered Hie
coy kitchen maid.    "You're joking."
"No, I ain't," said the man of pipes
and screws.    ''I menn it  straight."
No one need endure tho agony of
corns with Holloway's Corn Cure at
hand to remove them.
The Horseman
Problem for the Editor
It bus boon iiBlied wliotbor stopping
on u man's corim ia ttutliciunt provocii'
tiou i ur swettriug. Tho oditor ndvisow,
keep .vour toon clear of coma by using
Putnam'h Com Extractor, always best,
painless and prompt. Sold by druggists, price 25c.
Thp well-known newspaper cbrres-
poudeut, Tom Onhugiin, who iilwuyn
writes entertainingly and with keen
perception and intelligent views ou
I rotting subjects, recently touched upon
:i mutter that deservcH the serious consideration of trainers and racing promoters. The subject is an old one, and
Mr. Gnhflgan's comments are not materially unlike those which havo been
expressed by other writers at many
times in the past, but they are always
timely and iu order, for the issue involved is ouo of the most important
and vital in the whole economy of the
sport,    He writes:
"With blizzards raging in all parts
01 the country, it is refreshing to read
advertisements iu the turf papers of
the programme of a race meeting for
1911, the first to appear this season, As
the mooting in question is to bo held
the hist week in May, naturally the uninitiated wiU expect that it is to take
place somewhere in the South, where
tho climatic conditions have admitted
of the horses being put in condition for
early racing. Nothing liko that at all.
This harness meeting is to be held away
up in Brandon, Manitoba, half-way up
to tho polar bear anil walrus country.
And it is no new thing, either; the
meeting there commencing May 24
(Queen Victoria's birthday) is a fixed
affair, and those. Canadian horses go
there and race their heads off for the
$1,000 stakes and $400 purses which
make up the programme, and appear
none the worse for it, still many of our
prominent trainers think that July 10
is too early to open tlie Grand Circuit,
even with a stable of horses which has
boon wintered in tho South. Walter
Cox, who usually has his horses ready
when tlie bell rings, who is lung on conversation, and can step some in nn
argument, made a remark during a
discussion of tho early racing guestion
ono day last summer, which had more
truth than poetry in it. Quoth Walter:
'Any man who can't take a stable up
to Labrador and get them ready to race
before the 1st of August can put his
head in the hole of a doughnut.'
"Tt seems strange that iu a country
much co'.der than the Htates the first
meetings of the year should be held,
but it has been so tor years. Among
tho noted Canadian horses which have
raced uot only on tho ice in winter,
but nt the early spring meetings, and
then gone on and made successful campaigns during the summer, may be mentioned those three fast pacers—The
Kcl, 2,02%; Angus Pointer, 2.01%;
and Hal R, dr., 2.10*4, the sensational
half-mile track pacer of last season.
The two first named horses raced in
grand form year after year, and the hitler won ten straight races without do
feat last season, and is racing ou the
ice this winter. There are more ways
than one to traiu horses, and our Canadian neighbors have a habit of getting
their share of the money with theirs,
both winter und summer,"
We have never yet heard a trainer
who could reasonably and satisfactorily
explain why trotting should be a laggard in contradistinction to almost
every other form of outdoor sport. The
running tracks are iu operation early
in April, or were until hampered by
anti-betting laws. Baseball is in full
flower equally ns early, and yet harness
racing must wait full three months later because the participants are not
prepared, thine is tne most attractive
mouth in the calendar for out-of-door
recreation, yet it is ruthlessly sacrificed
by the purveyors to the public taste fur
trotting. Why cannot a harness horse
be ready for a race in May ns well ns
a runner?   Why is a horse weaker than
Shilohs Cim
quickly mtmsmmttmAsi, e»r*» cold., he A
a man that ho should require so much
more time for preparation? Why can
horses iu Canada be ready so much ear
Hor thau those trained in regions of
more favorable climatic conditions!
These questions have often been asked,
but the reasons are things that no fob
low can fiud out. If wo could start
racing by July 1, even, thore would
bo no trouble about dates enough to go
around on the Grand Circuit, uud everywhere else, but we must drill, drill, drill
through about eight innntlu of tho
best portiou of the VOM to be prepared to nite three. It is a shameful
aud proltigato waste of timo, and a
great hindrance to the popularity of
the sport, for which the very men who
would be most benefited by more color
ity iu their methods are responsible.
The world's champion trotting stal
lion, aud what ia considered by many
to be tho grontest race trotter ever
developed, is The Harvester, the hand-
some bay or brown stallion owned by
August Hihlien of Milwaukee, Mis., aud
in the stable of the G.O.M. of the
trotting turf, Edward P. Geers. Tho
Harvester \n now a 0-yenr-old. He wns
foaled in 1900 ut the Walnut Hull
Farm, Lexington, Ky., and, as every
reader of harness horse topics knows,
hu is by Walnut Hall, 2.08U, wn of
Conductor, aud his dam is Nototot, by
Moko. As au unbroken il year old ho
wus purchased by his present owner for
$0,000, and was then placed in .Mr-
Goers' bands. The result was that
from that time until this he has lost but
ouo race, and then only when he was
taken sick after winning the first two
heats of the race. Tbe Harvester's list
of victories includes throe Futurities
and eighteen other important events,
many of which were valuable stake
races. Durlug the season of 1010 he
successfully reduced tho stallion record
for trotters, 2.02>4, held by Creacus. to
2.02 (at Port Erie), and then to 2.0114,
and flunlly to its present figure, 2.01,
and it is safe to say that the limit of
his speed has not yet been reached, us
lie is a young horse, and is possessed of
that bulldog tenacity characteristic of
Hu; greatest track performers.
The Harvester is a grand looking
animal, aside from his racing qualities,
and he would be hard to beat in the
show ring if he were prepared for show
ing. His deportment is perfect, aud he
has the true trotting action that is most
pleasing to the eye. It was August
17 last at the Buffalo Driving Club's
Grand Circuit meeting, held on tho Fort
Erie, Out., track, that The Harvester
trotted in 2.02, which is tho Canadian
record for a mile trotting, and which
is likely to stand for some timo, This
took place iu the 2.07 trot, in which he
had for competitors Wilkesbeart, Huron
May, and Tom Axworthy, which, of
course, were entirely outclassed by the
superb son of Walnut Hull. It might
incidentally be mentioned thnt outside
his one defeat, which occurred at Lexington in tho fall of 1900, Tho Harvester lost but oue boat during his extensive racing career, nnd that was to
Hob Douglas, 2.0414, in the Charter
Oak Stake for 2.09 class trotters, at
Hartford, Sept. 0, 1900. Subsequently
he repeatedly demonstrated his superiority over the grey son of Todd, that
is now iu  Kurope.
In connection with The Harvester it.
is interesting to know that Maggie
Leaner, tne dam of his sire, co.«t L. V.
Harkness, proprietor of Walnut Hall
Stoftk Farm, but $180, and this goes
to show that the unpretentious breeder
has a chance of producing u world's
Of Nimrod, the builder of Nineveh,
it is written in the Old Book that he
was a mighty hunter before the Lord.
Of Sir John Aird, who died ou January 6, at tho age of seventy-eight, it
might with justice be said that he was
a mighty builder before the Lord. What
region of the earth is not full of his
labors! At this moment the people in
the capitals of Germany, Denmark, Hoi-
laud, Kngland, Corsica nnd India draw
the supply of water for drinking and
sanitation from works which he was
employed to execute. If the people of
London, Moscow, Bahia. Copenhagen,
and Constantinople have today light in
tbclr dwellings and in their streets, it
is due largely to his energy nnd his
skill. Alt kinds of civil engineering
work seemed natural to him. Was Manchester to be made a seaport! Aird
was called in to cut the cannl. Were
railways to be built in the Scotch Highlands, in Yorkshire, or in London, Aird
was the man who was ready ami able
to do the work. As nn excavator of
docks he had few rivals and uo compeers. He created great docks at Bristol, Hull. Southampton, Tilbury, Avon-
month and Singapore. But his greatest
work—that by which his name will live
in history—was the construction of the
lam nt Assouan, tbe greatest and most
beneficent of all tbo engineering enterprises by which the desert has been
innde to blossom ns the rose. In three
years and a half this great captain of
industry, with tho aid of an army of
10,000 to 20,000 free lnborors, completed
the great dam designed by Sir B. Baker
which, by conserving tho water of the
Nile, rendered possible the profitable
cultivation of thousands of square miles
of what had otherwise been but barren
sand. Seldom hns the hackneyed line,
that "peace hath her triumphs not less
renowned than war," been better applied than when used to describe the
work and labors   of   Sir   John   Aird.
His word was ns good ns his work"
—the verdict of an official—might
serve as an appropriate epitaph of one
of the most, successful of tho artificers
of the fabric of our modern world.
For  Frost  Bites   and  Chilblains.—
Chilblains come from undue exposure
to slush nnd cold nnd frost-bite from the
icy winds of winter. In tho treatment
of either there is uo bettor preparation
than Dr. Thomas' Kclectric Oil, ns it
counteracts the inflamatinn and relieves
the pain. Tho action of the Oil is instantaneous and its application extremely simple.
Sir John Aird wai born of humble
pn rents. He never went to public
school, college or university. His grand
father was just an ordinary working
man, who was killed during tho build
ing of tho Regent's Canal. His father
at first held a minor post in a London
gus company. John Aird got such
schooling as he over had at a privuto
school at Southgute, aud was soon sent
out into tho world to make his living,
Ho wns bright, energetic, industrious,
and ambitious. He ,ioiued his father
in business ns a contractor. Hia first
important job came before ho was
twenty. The Crystal Palace had to be
transferred from Hyde Park, where the
firBt Great Exhibition was held in 1851,
to Sydenham. Aird and Sou were employed in this undertaking, and mado
thoir mark. From thnt timo onwardB
John Aird marched from one success
to another.. Whether it was Aird and
Sou, or Lucas and Aird, or Jehu Aird
and Co., it was all the same. When
heavy work wns to be done, and done
woll, Aird wus tho man for the task.
A good employer of labor, he was a
careful and conscientious contractor,
nor did any government or municipality
ever regret that it had trusted to John
Aird for the execution uf its enterprises.
He made it great fortune, and he hns
left n great name. He Bat for North
Paddington ns a Conservative member
for 1887 to 1005. He served as the first
Mayor of Paddington in 1900, nnd waB
re-elected in 1901, in which year he
was knighted by Lord Salisbury. He
was un enthusiastic collector of pictures, and personally was dcservodly
and universally popular. But his great
work, with which his name will over
be associated, was the building of the
great Kgyptian dam.
To have bridlod tho Nile and submerged the Islo of Philne were but incidents in the life work of this master
builder. Engineering, with admiration,
puts on rocord the leading facta aud
figures nbout this colossal dam:
In the early Bummer of 1899 tho number of men employed ou the undertaking reached a total of 13,000. The dam
has a length of about 2,200 yards; it
has 180 sluicegates, and its maximum
height from the foundation is about 130
feet. The total amount of granite masonry its construction involved was
about one million tons. The effect of
tho dam is to convert the River Nilo
above Assouan into an immense resorvoir. which, when full, contains ubout
38,000 million cubic feet of water. Its
construction took about four years
only. This, as has been correctly stated,
is certainly "one of tho grandest engineering undertakings of our timo."
Great as it is, Sir John Aird spent
the last years of his life heightening
tbe dam at Assouan and in constructing a barrage at Esneh, These are tho
mighty works by which we approve
ourselves veritable sons of Asgurd,
kinsman of Tbor with his thunder hammer, the tamers of the wilderness, tbe
bridgers of rivers, the makers of homes.
Yet, although we enter into their labors, how soon do they die and are forgotten!    Of tho millions   of   fellaheen
She foundq quick relief in the old reliable Kidney remedy, .ind Advises
all her friends to use Dodd's Kidney
St. Benedict, Sask., Mar. 20—Special).— Gladness has replaced the anxiety that reigned in the household of
Mrs. Annie Vanvorst of this place.
For some timo past Mrs. Vanvorst had
suffered from Kidney Trouble and palpitation of the heart, aud fears were
entertained of those terribly sudden
fatalities thnt so frequently accompany affections of the heart. But relief from both ailments was quickly
found in the old reliable remedy,
Dodd's Kidney Pills. In an interview
Mis. Vanvorst says:
"I had palpitation of the heart and
my Kidneys wero out of order. I took
one box of Dodd's Kidney Pills, nnd
found great relief. Tor a Kidney Pill
Dodd's Kidney Pills cannot be beat.
Vou may publish what I say as it may
be the means of benefiting others who
suffer with Kidney Trouble or Heart
Pure blood is the basis of alt health,
and yon can't have pure blood unless
your Kidneys arc in good working order. Dodd's Kidney Pills never fail
to put the Kidneys in perfect working
Canada's Champion Dancer
Cured of Piles by Zam-Buk
Mr. Thomas J. Hogan, Chattpiw
Clog and Podestul Dancer of Onnada,
who resides at 59 Ckambord St.,
Montreal, writes: "It gives mo much
pleasure to let you know my opinion
of your wonderful Zum-Uuk. tfot
somo timo past I have beeu troubled
with piles, but this year I suffered so
much thut I was obliged to canooi a
number of engagements. 1 trietl all
tho so-called remedies that were
recommended, but they seemed to tl*
me uo good. Having been adviecd
to try Zam-Buk I purchased a b#x,
and aftor applying it a few timet* I
felt marked relief. 1 continued vitii
the Znui-Duk treatment, and the relief was extended into a permanent
euro. 1 gladly permit you to use my
experience as an illustration of Ike
great value of Zam-Buk for piles."
Another illustration of how 'Ann
Buk cures longstanding cases of
nlles is provided by Mr. William
Kenty of Upper Nine Mile River,
Hants Oo„ N.H. He says: "I «nf-
fered terribly from piles, the pain at
times being almost unbearable. Kaw
Buk was recommended to no 00 1
procured a supply and commenced wltb
the treatment. After a very abort
time Zam-Buk effected a complete
Zam-Buk is also a cure for ulcer*,
abscesses, eczema, cold sores, chap
ped hands varicose ulcers, rashes,
blood-poison, ringworm, cuts, burn,
bruises, children's abrasions, tottor,
salt rheum, etc. All druggists aw
stores sell at 50c. box, or post free
from Zam-Buk Co., Toronto, for prise,
Zam-Buk Soap, which may be had
from any druggist at 28c. por tablet,
should be used instead of ordinary
soup in all cases of eruptions anil ski*
whose humble homos aro made more
comfortable and whose daily life i*
made easier by the dam which this raaa
builded, how many have so much as
heard of him or oven whispered his
name! All they know is that the Bag
lish builded it, but that a certain lo»g
bearded baronet, who was Moyad of
Paddington, supplied the brain and organized tho labor no man knoweth.
What matters that to him or hisf Fame,
in tho sense of the praises of the won
be worked for, was not in tho wanes
of his day's work. He is dead, aad
in a few years will bo forgotten, Ifcit
his works remain as a lasting mona
ment of a workman's life.
One of the botanical ruriositios of
Peru, which offers a protection agniast
drought, ia the rain-tree. This tree,
which grows to large proportions, is
supplied with large leaves which bare
the property of condensing the moisture
of the atmosphere and precipitating H
in the form of rain. When the rivers
are nt their lowest during the dry
sfAon. and the heat is intense, tie
euPjleuslng capacity of this tree ia apparently nt its highest, the wator f»l
ling from tho leaves and oozing fro*
the trunk in a steady, continuous
stream, flowing over the immediately
surrounding ground, and nourishing the
parched soil. This water can be eat-
looted and carried by ditches to distant parts for irrigation purpose**. Il
Is stated that a single tree will yield
on an average nine gallons of wator
per day. It is computed that if a j4ot
of ground a kilometre square is plaatad
with ten thousand trees, a daily yield
of nearly thirty thousaud gallons of
water available for irrigation, with dmc
allowance for evaporation, can be so-
>ctired. The rain-tree appears to he
indifferent as to the soil in which It
grows, can withstand extreme elisa-
atic fluctuations, needs but little care
in its cultivation, and grows rapidly.
It would seem that under theso circumstances nature has provided a simple
and effective means of reclaiming the
desert, and that tho widespread oal-
amply repaid, inasmuch as there are
vast tracts of country in all the Ave
continents which at present have no
economic value owing to absence of
water-supplies for nourishing tho soil,
which might bo easily secured hy syn
tematic culture of this tree.
'Will the cashier be away iongf"
'It depends entirely on the jury."
As a vermifuge there is nothing so
potont as Mother Graves' Worm Hx-
terminator, and it can be given to the
most delicate child without fear of la-
jury to' tho constitution.
A cough or cold is arrested nt once by
of Tar and Cod Llvor Oil
It uot only relieves instantly; it eurcs the
trouble, nnd puts the system in better shape to
resist future attacks.
The most successful Cough Remedy iu Canada
is Mathicn's Syrup.
Urge bottle 35 cents, from all dealers
Western Distributors
Winnipeg, Edmonton, Vancouver and Saskatoon
Sackett Plaster Board
Tho Empire) Brando of Wall Plaster
Manufactured only lay
The Manitoba Gypsum Co., Ltd.
Winnipeg, Man.
61 "
Among the fascinatingly BUggeStivd
travellers' stories that provide stock-
material for discussion when African
mysteries are in vogue is thut bit the
dying grounds of the elephants.
H 'm assorted by*somo and disbelieved hy others that tho African elephant,
when it feels death approaching—in response tu that pruinonitiou which many
authorities say is instinctive to most
animal*—retires to soma secret retreat
whero it can die in pence. These dying
orQumla aro occasionally discovered by
rt.it.ivcw, and, un thoy necessarily con-
tiuin a'vart accumulation of vory, bo-
etna ihe perquisite of the ohiof oi the
district in which thoy are found. II
the dving ground is outside his domains,' the secret of Ihe spot is ngor-
.luidy pioserved until all the vory has
beau removed to a snl'e hldlng-Iilaco
within the lemtory of iho chief. I here
m a gruesome native logoud to me or-
Foot that the Inviolability of the soorot
in assured by "removing" ovory man
who takes part in transporting the
itery from the dying ground to its
plate cf •oneealmont, including the dis-
sovOrer. , , .
The existence of these dying grounds
has been disputed and ridiculed by several persona whose authority on most
matters connected with the Mrlean
wrkla i« recognized. Therefore, boforo
linking the reader's acceptance of
stories based on the presumption ot the
renlity of those secret treasure-houses,
it will be fair to sot out tho arguments
employed by the supporters of the le-
' ?It may be accepted without argument
that eiophouU must and do dip somewhere, even in tho face of the tact
.tat tbey live to enormous ages. It has
bea remarked frequently by hunters
like Gordon Camming, Hartley; John
■leanings, Hill, and John Uailey-all
experienced mon-that the rarest thing
iM!t with in tho haunts of tbe elephant
t« the dead body of one that 1ms died
a natural death. Now and then the
skeleton of the victim of an unsuccessful sportsman or native hunters is
found under conditions suggesting that
the poor creature died of wounds in a
spot undiscovered by the authors of
bis fatal hurt; but oven these instances
are few, for it is comparatively easy
to keep close on the truck of a wounded elephant. The question therefore
arises, what has become of the thousands of elephants that tn the course ot
years must have died even In those
baTtS of Africa fairly well known to
hunters and to traders? Vultures and
tit red ant account for every particle
of flesh, skin and tendon within a week
or at), but the bones and tusks are all
bat indestructible.
The theory that tho dying mammoth
«w>ks some seeluded spot is supported
hi the fact that many, if not most,
aiimnls retire to the closest possible
rover when badly wounded. During the
terrible visitation of rinderpest In
VHW-tt."). when oxen nnd buck were curried off by hundreds of thousands, it
wus noticed that tho latter Invariably
xonghl covor iu which to die. Even
Iboso Who reject the dying ground
theory aetept this; what they refuse to
credit is that hundreds of elephants at
different periods select the same spot.
tine of the strongest arguments— in
fast, the one which lirst gavo rise to
the belief in the dying ground—was
this. Traders on visiting a cblof tor
the purpose of purchasing ivory have
sometimes found only a small supply,
•»ud had reason for not accepting the
explanation offered: thut few elephants
had come within the district covered
by the native hunters. Even in savage
\frica the eternal law of economics
prevails. Rcareit? of supply and urgency of domand produce enhanced
prices, and the chlof asks and obtains
tnore for his scoro or so of tusks than
ho would otherwise have got for thrice
ihe number. It has often happened
that within a short period of- a purchase a message has heen roeelved by
the traders announcing that ».»««>-
ful hunt has provided the clnei with
a large slock of ivory. On reluming
to thp kraal, tho traders havo been
surprised at finding n supply of tusks
Hint could only have been the product
nt n wholesale massacre. This fact was
n. itself suspicion,, for elephants are
not so plentiful as buck} but there was
another circumstance which nroused attention and provoked Inquiry. All the
tasks bore unmistakable signs nf having beeu long exposed to the woatuor.
This wns, of course, quite compatible
with the theory that the chief hnd a
secret reserve, und rcry wlsoly did not
put nil his stock upon the market at
once For years this explanation was
accepted. It wns the late Bmln Pasha
who lirst revealed th-; secret of the
existence of dying grounds, lie nlso
»,ado the Interesting end Illuminating
declaration that several hunters who
professed to llvo by their prowess as
elephant hunters owed then good for-
Uno to having been shown by ft loudly
natives, ur having discovered for them-
nelves, one of these wondrous hoards.
It is not surprisW that a man possessed of such a secret slnnl I take
every precaution to preserve i' for n»
own bouefit, and, if ocflasloii arose, dnv
eouratfo search by others with.authoritative expressions of incredulity M tn
the existence of such things. Halt the
business of the profession.il huntor consists in keeping off poachers from his
preserves. It was no uncommo i tiling
for the old elephant hunters to proceed
to their ground bv a circuitous and difficult routo for the especial purpose of
shaking off and misleading possible followers. It is an axiom of thj colonial
sportsman. "Always look for game In
the direction that a professional hunter warns you  against."
The revelations of Emin Pa-Oia were
mado to an Englishman who In the
early seventies hnd been nf service to
tho "German savant nt a serious cvkis
in his affairs, the information being
"Van by wny of recompense. It is a
common belief among African professional hunters thnt Emin Pasha held
the secret,   of   more   than   one   dying
ground, and that the promoters of tho
relief expedition were quite as anxious
to relieve the ivory ns tho explorer.
But the old Gorman Jew wus uo business man. Tho discovery of a new
speeios of butterfly would huve given
him more genuine delight than a dozen
dying grounds choked with tusks.
Cat] Mauch, another German oponor-
up of South Africa, who has not received full recognition, is accredited
with having either known or guessed
the existence of dying grounds. There
is au old Boer still living lu the
Krugersdorp district of the Transvaal
who for a period acted us guide to
Munch, and ho tells how the Ueruiau
"wanderer" used to ask "funny questions" as to What became of dead elephants that were not slaughtered. On
one occasion tbe two came upon a kloof
00 the northwest borders of tho Transvaal "shaped like a gin-bottle'*—that
is, the entrance wus very wide and difficult, but opened ont to a wide, deep
gorge. The place was almost blocked
with huge bones which Mauch recognized as those of elephants. They made
n search for tusks, but found only a
fow teeth. It was evident that the place
hnd been visited by Kafirs, who had
left various signs, lu the crannies of
the wall liko rocks overhanging the
kloof, hundreds of vultures had at one
time mado their nests. In ouo of theso
deserted nesting-places Mauch made an
interesting discovery. What at first
was taken for the dried and withered
skin of some animal uf the ferret spo-
eies turned out to bo a lady's long kid
glove, tho ten or twelve metal buttons
being deeply oxidised, but still adhering to tho leather. How could this adjunct of civilization have reached such
ii remote region is a mystery that is
accentuated by the probability that at
the period of tho discovory thero waB
not a pair of lady'H gloves nearer than
Capo Town, ono thousand throo hundred miles distant.
Munch, unlike his eomitryinnn Emin.
hud the business instinct woll developed, us was proved by the energy he put
into tho quest for minerals and rubies;
but there is no reason for BUBpccting
that ho realized his anticipations regarding the treasures of ivory.
Direct evidence proving tho existence
of the living grounds is Scarce, for easily understood reasons, but thero is on
record one case that may be accepted.
A white trader and storekeeper in the
Selali district, tho low-lying, fever-
haunted region of the northeast Transvaal, used to show great interest In the
problem, What becomes of dead elephants, hippos nud rhinos'? He invariably put the question to hunters who
stayed at his primitive hotel, but never
propounded a theory of his own. In
tho year 1879 he hired a man to take
charge of his store while he went north-
words on a shooting expedition. His
fow neighbors were surprised, for the
storekeeper was almost notorious for
his lack of sportsmanlike qualities,
some going so far us to aver that he
hnd never handled a gun. As rumor
alleged him to be nu ex-drapery assistant from London, the suggestion wus
not improbable. But surprise became
amazement when it was known six
mouths later Hint the cockney draper
had arrived at liourenco Marques with
a long procession of native curriers
loaded with hundreds nf elephants'
tusks, estimated to be worth anything
: between #100.000 and $200,000. The
lucky estobliBher of a theory never returned to his store, ile wrote to his
assistant! from Dclngon Hay giving him
it power of attorney to carry on the
business on half-share terms, bul never
claimed his half. Rumor says he settled
down iu England under a new name
and in circumstances consonant with
ample menu:*. Somo years Inter a hint
at the solution was provided by an old
native who hnd accompanied the storekeeper ou his mysterious journey: "1
knew tee place where the elephants die,
and showed the baas.1' What the reward of the guide was may be inferred
from the fact that, this native was
later  arrested   by   that    marvellously
I magnetic autocrat, Abel Erasmus, native   commissioner  of   the   Lydenburg
(district, nnd sentenced to a due of all
ihis cnjtlq end n long term of imprisonment  for being in unlawful possession
; of rifles and ammunition.
j Tho reasons wliy the existence of
these dying grounds does not become
common knowledge muy be summed up
1 iu the comprehensive and explanatory
phrase,  Belf-|uterest.    If  the   place   is
'discovered by the subjects of n native
chief, he bus effective incurs of ensur-
' ing silence; If by a white man, he Is
equally keen on keeping his knowlodge
[to himself) even  after he has secured
l the treasure, for, he not illogically argues, other elnpnants will probably
use the spot in accordance with what
.seems to bo their instinctive custom,
nnd  bo long ns the species remain In
jthe region the dying ground will be a
source of profit.
The argument of fhe sceptics that
they have never found a dying ground
may be dismissed to the company of
that of the gold prospectors of the
Rand In issti who reported to the Bar-
jbert.on gold diggers' committee, "Then1
: Is no gold on the Rand. We know, because we have looked for it, and did
not  find  a  truce."
Lem Wilson, lazy and shiftless, but
n crafty hunter, went sneaking through
fhe forest one day in search of sfptir-
j rols. lie was looking down, not up,
'with an eye to "sign" in tho shape
! of freshly gnawed hickory nuts. In
[this way he happened to notice a space
| about two feet square of remarkable
I smoothness.
Clearing nwny the dead leaves, twigs
| nnd mold, he found four flnt stones
neatly cemented together, and, in the
centre of this platform, a rusty dagger. The weapon was pointed due north.
The blade was so fur gone thnt it. remained en the rock, a mere rend streak,
when i.om tried to pick it up.
Tbe handle, however, was bettor pro-
served—Btng-hom mounted with silver.
Aroiind the silver ring of the hilt wns
nn Inscription winch l.cfii couldn't rend.
He wns In the mi-Idle of n pathless
"hammock," The jungle of oak nnd
hickory. holly find gum, with only an
occasional palmetto or long-leafed pine
to distinguish it from similar forests
farther  north,  lay  unbroken  lu every
direction ,
Even in winter tho foliuge was heavy
enough to limit the rungo of vision to
a few yards. But thero woro occasional
vistas along ridge or glen resembling
bits of iiuoiiiet road or fragments ot
long-forgotten fields over which tho
forest hnd not yot completely rewou dominion.
It was characteristic of Florida,
French nnd Spaniard, Seminole and
English, North und South, hud all hacked their way, nt some time or other,
Into this wilderness, only to tlie and
disappear. Now live-oaks a hundred
foot high wore again spreading thoir
mots over piles of decaying brick. Magnolia and buy woro once moro densely
shading old lawns. Tho woods wero
haunted with the spirit of dreams that
had never como true. Au Indian mound,
u Huguenot cemetery, a crumbling
packing shed—all hammock now—were
there like lodge-rooms of Ihe dead. And
of nil the places in tho South to look
for buried treasure, this wus one of
the best,
hem's interest in squirrels went out
like a Whiff of smoke. Plrtt of all, he
drew Ins own strong-hlndod knife aud
prodded carefully all around the stones,
They remained immovable. Then he
cut a hickory sapling, and, using it as
a crowbar, succeeded in getting them
apart.   .
This done, be prodded and clawed at
the balck earth beneath to tho depth
of a foot, or so. But a tangle of roots
made this a weary task, nnd ho disistod.
Moreover, he began to reflect that tho
treasure was not under the stones, anyway, Rather, it was somo distance away
iu the direction indicated by the position iu which the dnggcr had been
placed. Tn this belief ho was strikingly confirmed.
A fow days later, when ho was in
Jacksonville for his weekly trading, ho
showed his relic to the grocer and ask-
him what tho inscription meant. The
grocer scrutinized the thing 'carefully
and then guve it up.
It happened that a young man of
serioua appearance entered just then—
he was professor of something or other
iu tlie high school—and tho grocor, remarking that there was a man who
would know, turned tho dngger over to
him. Tho professor, after a brief ex-
animation, remarked: "This inscription
is Latin. Many old daggers had inscriptions like that." Ho spelled it
out: "S'ic itur ad astra," and translated, while he smiled: "This way to
the stars."
He would have uskod some questions,
doubtless, about, tho origin of such an
interesting relic, but Lem hud beou
seized with a sudden desire to be gone.
In fact, Ins excitement wns extreme,
for, ns no hastened from the store with
a sack of provisions thrown over his
shoulder, he wub convinced thnt but one
thing more was necessary to put him
forever beyond all want. It was to
find those stars.
Most of us, at some time or another,
have set out to do something, or have
greatly longed for something and presently discovered that it had come to
pass in a wny that we never foresaw.
We keep on looking for perfect peace
and happiness, perhaps, and then one
day .    It was that wny with  Lem.
Not only north, but south, and east,
and west, he looked for the stars mentioned on the dagger. He peeled the
bark from many likely trees. The hummock around the place of the original
discovery was potmarked with the holes
he dug.
Naturally, the story hud spread. Most
of the notorious treasuro-snekers * for
Iten miles around had a try at tho'thiiig.
Some of them brought "instruments"
—Spanish noodles and the liko—for
which they had paid as much as three
hundred  dollars.    But Lem held aloof.
Ho had heard his father nnd his
grandfather tell of buried treasures.
Every one knew that such things did
exist. And now, for tho first time In
his life, or in the life of any one he
hnd ever known, hero was n definite
He couldn't rend, but. ho pondered
over the inscription oil his dagger-
handle for hours at n lime: "This way
to the BtarB." It. seemed so wonderful.
Ho tried to dream about it. in the hope
of a revelation, but he was too sound
a sleeper. The phrase went singing
through his head during the long, silent
days thai he hunted or fished. He stuck
to it. with tho persistency'of the bom
tracker. He had followed fainter
"sign" than thnt through forest nnd
swamp, nnd got his quarry at last.
Vet tho conviction began to grow ou
him Hint he would have to have help.
Vou don't catch mullet in a shad-net.
and you can't shoot buried treasure
with a gun. That was the gist of it.
So one day, during a lull in the string
fishing, Lem got to talking the matter
over with a squ^t, black negro called
"Shorty" Johnson,
"Shorty" Bnld that he knew two
colored men recently arrive! from Georgia who were successful treasure-seek-
ors, Ono, on 0 coop tod witch-man, was
reported to have unearthed two hundred
and fifty thousand dollars within the
year. The oilier was the poSBOBSOr of
nn "instrument" or marvellous precision. On the following day Lem led
Ihe three colored men to the scene of
Ills long and futile search.
The " wit' h man," whom Shorty addressed as Brother Williams, looked his
part, He was a tall, thin, black per
son, wilh peculiarly large nnd luminous
eyes, n perfect type of the negro mystic. His speech wns slow and ponderous. He quoted much from the Bible.
"De flf and six' books of Moses,"
he said, "dey explain de flridin' of
buried treasure, but do language ain't
clar save to those what understands."
Tn spite of his reputed wealth, he
wns shabbily dressed. But about his
waist was a curiously twisted snake-
skin sash fastened with a conspicuous
silver buckle. He wore an old felt hat
pulled down over his ears. Once he removed this for a moment, nnd his hair
bushed out for over a foot.
His companion looked like an Indian,
Bickle's Antl-Consumptive Syrup is
the result of expert chemical experiments, undertaken to discover a preventive of Indentation of tho lungs and
consumption, by destroying the germs
tlmt develop these ilisens.es nnd fill the
world with tdtinble sublets hopelessly
stricken.    The use of this Syrup will
■ revonl the dire consequences of neglected colds. A trial, which costs
o ly 2/i  cents, will  convince you thnt
■ ids   is  corroct,
young and well set-up, but with a face
that was sinister und stolid. When they
came to the place where the dagger
had been found, he passed over to the
mystic, without a word, a shining round
ease resembling a two-handled compose.
This Brother Williams held in front
of him and, fixing his luminous eyes
upon it, began to walk solemnly back
and forth. He talked, betimes, iu his
customary measured tones, aeeoatiug
every other word.
"I)e needle," ho suid, "is agitating.
Bar's water here; dar 's quicksand
hero; dar's gold here"—and so on during a quarter of un hour, while Lem
and Shorty looked on with halod breath.
Finally, he came to a stand a couple
of feet from the place the white man
hnd pointed out, lie declared thnt the
Instrument told htm he was standing
Immediately ovor the treasure, mid
that it was seven foot down. "The
inns' favorable time tO begin diggin',"
he added, "is al. moon up toniglil."
Before separating they held a brief
" You-all kin use my spade,'' said
The witch-man wanted to kuow if it
had ever been used around it grave
yard. Lem Raid it hadn't, "That's
good,'' ihi' mystic explained, '' 'case
if il 'd ever been used 'round a grave
yard it's be pufeetly useless here."
Lem asked the ■mystic's opinion con
oernlug the dnggor and the Inscription
un it.
Brother Williams contemplated Ihe
staghoru and it's silver ring iu the
palm of his hand for a minute. Then
ho StOOpod nnd slowly and meditatively traced a square on the ground.
"Here is the table of fortune." he
said slowly, "and I see a ghost-spirit
here, and a ghost-spirit dar. and another one hore. And here is a light
aud hero is a num." He indicated each
spot with a long, black finger. "Now
tho dagger lies due north, nnd it's
p'intin' at that man, You done ask
mo the signification of this. Now, I
ain't an educated man—I can't read
what's writ on the handle—but tho signification of that dagger is doath."
What Brother Williams said was, of
course, too obvious to bo profound. As
for his "table of fortune," that, "in
the light of modern science," was
manifestly nonsense. Yet things sometime come about in a. way that give
a color of prophecy to the most absurd
Tt. was nbout. eight o'clock when the
four treasure seekers again assembled.
The man was just high euough to make
n streak across the broad St. John's,
The woods wero pitchy dark.
Lem und brought his spade. The negroes hnd brought a lantern nnd a long
iron, poker, with a pointed ond, to bo
used as a sounding-rod. The mystic
Williams warned all hands against loud
and ribald speech while the digging wns
in progress, for iu such case, the Bible
clearly stated thnt "even tho treasures
that ure hidden In the earth shall be
taken from unto ye."
Shorty seized tho spado and set to
work. He dug with greedy haste,
throwing the, sand far out into tho
darkness. After ten minutes, Williams
took the spado, then Shorty again. Tho
third negro, the one who looked like
an Indian, in the meantime sat silont
and contemplative just beyond the
outer rim of light. Only the occasional
glow of a cigarette told of his being
there at nit,
"Why doesn't that other man dig?"
Lem asked at last, whon Shorty hnd
turned the spado over to Williams for
the third or fourth time.
"He can't. He had a little accident
up in Georgia." Shorty paused, then
whispered:  "He shed human blood,"
Lem, like many unimaginative men,
had never known fear, lie hnd lived
iu the woods pretty much all his life.
They were as familiar to him in their
present impenetrable darkness as Ihey
were at noon. lie had always beeu, in
fact, pretty much of a gorilla—ready
to eat, or "sleep, or fight ns tho spirit.
moved him. But, who knows'—it was,
perhaps, at this very moment that he
heard the first tinkle of fate's boll.
llo cost his eyes upward over liis left
boulder. Through a rift in the black
roof of foliage he could make out the
pale-blue Star of the North. The words
of the mystic came back to him: "A
ghost-spirit here, and a ghost spirit dar,
nnd nnothor one here. And here is n
light." He gazed at the lantern and
I lie three sable shadows but dimly seen.
The hole was beginning to look liko
a cistern. No one spoke. Lem could
hear only the chug of the spade, thi
huh of the digger, and the sift am
sprinkle of the Band ns it fell in th
Once a dead oak-limb fell near-by
As they barkened, the mystic said:
"We can look for some manifestation
of spirits when we reach it."
TwiCO they hnd paused to sound with
Ihe iron baf. They had picked up occasional oyster-shells, a rusty nail, a
piece of flint.
They were six feot down when Shorty, who was in the hole at the timo,
'dropped his spade and, leaning forward,
authored np n handful of shattered yd-
[low bone. At the same instant Lem
j flung himself Into the excavation nnd
seized something else that was lying
i there- a long ami exceedingly slender
[gold chain to which there was affixed
I'll small  gold cross.
"At Inst!" he cried. "At Inst!"
Then he began to laugh and, shaking
I the thing lio'd round abovo his head,
he said: "Thiv way to tho Btarsl"
They should have shored up Ihe walls
of their hole, you will say. They were
digging In the" yielding Bands of Florida. At least, they should have been
thoughtful enough not to stamp around
the brink. But Shorty had just clambered out. The mystic leaned over
awaiting him with glowing eyes. The
third man—he of the sinister face—hud
leaped forward.
There was a moment of roaring
silence like that which follows the report of a gun. The night air was still
slinking with the echo of the white
man's joke—"This way to tho stars!"
—when thero wns u yielding, gulping
rush of fulling earth. Tho three negroes
stumbled, pulled each other to one side,
and stood shivering in the darkness.
The light'had gone out.
Presently some one said! "Where's
Mr. Wilson!"
Silence fell again. Afterward they
used to tell each other that they heard
a beating of witigs. nnd saw a great
black bird fly off into the night. They
ran i'wny.
Throo frightened negroes came back
to Iho hole between  dawn and sunrise.
The excavation  was  unrecognizable—
it    was   so   big,   and   lop-sided,   nnd
strangely shallow. They were uot in
tent on tioasuro-seekiug. Thoy picked
up tho lantern and the sounding rod.
Tho spade wus under tho Band some
where—down there with something
else that made them shiver in silence.
So they filled the hole as best th'ey
could with hands and feet, aud eon-
coaled it with brush and mold.
Somo day another treasure-seeker will
come, perhaps, uud, digging deep
enough, recover what therein lies
After much opposition on the part of
tho Paris Observatory, tho French
Senate hns ut last voted tho adoption
of Greenwich time in France. On the
face of the mutter it is a grout ndvuu
tago to have such a standard time
throughout a country, though, of
course, there is the difficulty always
attendant ou a sudden ohiiuge of the
clock. However, so fur as Paris is
concerned,  there   is  already  such  a  dl
veigt nee in private and public clocks
that If the Change were made without
notice being given it is improbable thai
people would be the wiser unless they
were to remnrk the unusuul uniformity
Of the clock faces. Most of tile street
clocks ure worked by electricity, nnd
should be exactly synchronous, but
somehow or other this is far from Doing the case. The railway stations
have a habit of keeping different limes
ou tlie clocks inside uud outside, per
haps in the hope of making travellers
hurry more by imagining that they are
bite whon they havo really time to
spare. Schools, again, often ure iu
front of town time for the same reason, and, according to the "Standard,"
the result is sotuewhut stnuigc. For
instance, the Lyeoe clock indicates
nine when a boy starts for the railway
station to post a letter. Half-way is
the town hull, and after five minutes
he reaches it—to find it still registering time. Five minutes more takes
him to the station, and it is still only
nine o'clock, so ho has dono the distance literally "in no time." On
reaching tho school again, however, ho
finds it twenty minutes past.
The whole matter has been given
the usual publicity of the Press, and
now for the first, time many peoplo are
asking "What is Timet" The civilised conception of tinw seoniB to be
that it is something associated with a
mainspring, dials, hands, and pockets,
that is wound up, and which runs down
vaguely to a disaster as having happened when he wus u schoolboy; tho
historian often speaks of a war occurring in the reign of a certain king; but
to connect such events we must be
able to express them in terms of the
same unit. This is supplied as at once
by the succession of seasons which
makes up what we call a year, and the
succession of light aud darkness which
constitute a day. Those intervals depend upon the relative motion's of the
sun and earth. At a certain instant
every day. ut any chosen place, the sun
culminates—that is, roaches its highest point in the heavens. Between
two successive culminations, a cert nit?
interval of time elapses, which is called
the Solar Day. During this interval
the pulse of a normally healthy man
will beat, a certain number of times,
which we may suppose to bo counted
Or, better still, we may use some ma-
chino which gives pulsations, or bents,
in much the same manner, but which ii
not subject, to such disturbances or
variations as affect our heart pulsations. Tho pendulum of au ordinary
clock is such a machine. It witli the
accompanying mechanism of tho clock,
enables us to divide the day into convenient intervals of twenty-four hours,
each hour into sixty minutes, and each
minute into sixty seconds. The pendulum is, in fact, constructed to bent
21 by 00 by GO, or 80.400 times in one
Solar Day. It may be interesting to
note here the connection which exists
between time and linear measurements.
The British imperial standard yard is
a measure of length, bearing a certain
definite proportion to the length of a
pendulum which at a given temperature
und under other specified conditions
accurately beats seconds of mean Rfdnr
True measurement of time depending therefore on a correct observation
of the sun and moon, and incidentally
their heavenly bodies, whose function
it is not necessary to enumerate bore—
it is obvious that astronomy must be
one of the most ancient of sciences; in
fact, research proves that it is the most
ancient science. According to the testimony of the Greek historians, the
earliest truces of astronomical science
arc to be net with among the Chaldeans and Kgyplians. The former, by
n larger .cries of observations of
eclipses extending over nineteen con
turies or more, discovered the cycle of
"2'S.\ lunations, or eighteen years after
which the eclipses recur in the same
order. This, by the way, is supposed tt.
be the period which tliey designated by
the name of Snros. The Egyptians, and
also, according to some Btudonts, the
Phoenicians, appear to have had about
an equal kuowlcdgo of astronomy.
Those earlier records, however, show
that t..e most nccuroto astronomers
were th<? Chinese, a circumstance which
is explained by the fact that Iheir
scientists were made responsible with
tlieir lives for ihe accurncy of their pre
•liftions, and it is on record that in the
reign of Tcherg Knng the two mathematicians of ihe empire, Ho and Hi,
were the victims of this sanguinary law
—an eclipse having taken place which
tl.eir learning had not enabled them to
see. Tho emperor Van, who mounted
the throne according to the Chinese
annals about the year -1117 B.C., gave
a new impulse to the study of astron
omy, which had already begun to decline, probably owing to tne penalty
imposed for Inaccuracy. He ordered
his astronomers to observo with the ut
most care the motion of the sun and
moon, the planets and stars, and to determine tho exact length of tne four
seasons. From tho time of this em
POror the Chinese year consisted o1
.'JuTiVi days. The Chinese common lunnr
year consisted of :t(i-( IMS 910 days, and
by combining this number with l\y'u>l,\
they formed the period of 4,017 years
after which the sun and moon again
occupy the same relative position;'.
Curbing, however, to onr own observatory nt Greenwich, history relates
that it wns built on Greenwich Hill,
on the site of tho lower known as the
Greenwich Castle, (hiring the reign ot
Charles  It.    Its  first   stone   was' laid
,.■ - -   -a      "A man's heart tits
\**r-*3     m h>s stomach".
keeps the stomach
sweet and clean,
25c and 60c.
At dealers.   M
Mi Ti.:   ■*;.' ■■..■.■/;...■    i iriffliftn
B      h nsf ...   ,  .      ! I    infti ■ -My
^ v. ;,(-."'.   Ileiill !:■ ■ :    It.-d firr-
hoi with ji|»itil t'urnor, fly wheal wtthapced numl*-
ior mi moial pedoital, entlra annum en wood asm.
Wo glvo it to vmi Inv for ii fow hour-' work koII-
Inj our beautiful Utho-Arl t'oaf i':.,.i..,i :ii'.ir.rwi.
ThoM cotnprlas vinwi Dl Western Canada,
Love Ki.er.i.i. i'oVn:,r.\ Bei't Wishes, St.
Patrick, Eaatrr, Oomtci. etc., nnil an tmut
Hltors, Wnit' us twlny Tor i I.OtJ .wirtli <.f tLW)
poatcottl*, wil thorn, nhim inoiiej", and *va wlN
nnd y »u onilnn |.« it raid hy i 'turn maU.   Wo
hIho irtvo a naiallor eapiia, t "'■* rtyjo. tor tvM-
u.tr s-.'.nn worth of '•!."!". ■.W.irVERN PREMIUM CO., E. P.     V-anlpeg, Man.
in August, 107.", and thu building wut<
completed in a year. The man who
had the honor of being first "Astronomer Royal"—nlthough he waa not, 1
believe, given that exact official title—
was Mr. John Klainatced, who was appointed by royal warrant to lo "Our
astronomical observntor," and enjoin
ed "forthwith to apply himself with
the utmost care and diligence to rectifying the tables of the motions of the
Heavens arid the places of the fixed
stars, so as to find out tho so much desired longitude of places, for tho perfecting tho art of navigation." Flam-
stood was a worthy man, with a great
love for the work, which was perhaps
as well, for in addition to this important service tho Government imposed on
him the education monthly of two boys
from Christ's Hospital, in return for
the whole of which he received the
munificent stipend of £100 a year,
which was reduced by a tax to £i)0 por
annum. Ho waa totally unprovided by
tbo Government with instruments, but
ho brought with him an iron soxtant
of six feet radius and two teloscopes,
such other instruments as be afterwards used being paid for out of his
own purse by bis private tabors aa a
teacher of astronomy, riamstced was
succeeded by Dr. Halley, who is best
known perhaps to the man in tho street
through the comet to which his name
has been applied. It is almost super-
fiuous to add that Greenwich Observatory is now probably tho foremost and
the best equipped of tho world's obser
In an earlier part of this article- I
havo indicated that the true astronomi
cal midday at any given point occurs
when the sun reaches its highest point
iu the heavens, but probably few people
realize how much the true midday
varies as one progresses. An aviator
who should be able to fly westwards
at the ruto of nearly 200 miles nn hour
would always be on the meridian, of
twelve o'clock if he started at that
hour. This was arranged at the Congress of Washington, where the earth
was divided into twenty-four slices, bo
to speak, nf 15 degrees each, with a
meridian for each slice at this distance
from the one nn either side of it. it
was agreed that the hour of noon for
the whole of the slice should be that
of its meridian, and that it should advance or recede by nn hour on each
slice east und west. In this way Kurope
fell Into three slices, nnd when it is
twelve o clock iu tho western slice it is
eleven in the noxt one, aud ten in the
eastern side. Tin; Paris meridian was
solemnly fixed by Louis XIV.—the
"Koi Sololl," wdio. with his own hand,
laid in the little streak of white marble
thut marks the meridian zero of the
Paris Observatory. The French regret
the passing of tho French meridian
much ns a regiment mourns tlie loss
of ils flag, but let them take heart
again. Greenwich conquered Germany
before if, overcame Franca.
Many a man has fiiMjneutly boon per
Minded or tempted to withdraw from fl
savings bank the hard earned savings
which he has, perhaps, for years been
laying asido to keep him iu his old age, ,
sometimes by n friend who applies to
him for a tomporory loon—"jusl for n
fow weihs," the inducement to part
with ins money boing tbo offer of a
handsome bonus, but more frequently is
lie the victim oi tho silver-tongued ox
ponont of some get-rich-quick scheme.
Experience teaches us, however, thnt
too often does the Inn rower fail in his
probably good intentions, and the lei.d
or lose the amount lout as well as the
llltorest wh.< h his money would have
earned had he left it in the savings
bank, and that iu ninety nine times out
Of tl hundred does the get rich quick
scheme fail to materialize—in grasping
at the shadow we have lost Ihe sub
stance. The Canadian Government An
unities Act protects a man against im
provident nets and injudicious invest,
ments—it guards him against himself.
Moneys paid into the Annuities fund
cannot lie alien a ted or used for liny
other purpose, but must remain intact
for the object for which the payments
have been made, otherwise the end
aimed at would never, as has been illus
trated above, be attained, nnd old age
would ovortako us unprovided for its
many trials nnd tribulations.
Further Information on the subject
may be obtained by applying to the
Postmaster, or direct to the Superintendent of Annuities, Ottawa, to whom
all letters f|o free of postage,
Shilohs Cun
iiitcMv atapa cuudbn,   caret colria,  kr«t«
SiS C«at«
Get in at Original Prices.
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Api.licatia.na will not be accepted if received later thau 16th June next.
Further information, ta.gether with sp-
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the undersigned.
Registrar, Public Service
Victoria, B. C, 27th, 1911. sp2T
Load Agent for
The London & Lancashire
Fire Insurance Co.
Get ratea before ins uring else'
Office: Cumberland
NOTICE ia hereby given thst all vacant Crown lands not already and.
er reserve, litusted within the boundaries of the Land Recording Diatiicti a.f
Cariboo and Liltooet, snd the Karoloopa
Division of Yale Land Recording Dial
trict, sre reserved fraain any alienation
under the "Land Act" except by pre-em
Robert A. Renwick
Deputy Minister of Lends
Department of Landa,
Victoria, B. C, April 3rd,, 1911
nSTO-     45712
have recently received
a carload of
Carriages &
and are. prepared to quote you  Lowest
Prices and Heut Terms
Give ns a call.
McPhee &
Court of Revision
A Court a.f Revisi.in will be held in
So City Council Cliainbera on Thnrvl
Vl,iy 18. 1911, h« 7 SO i. .„, for (he pa
p.ae a f dealing 0"Uiplanaa, if any, again:
iie wateaiineiit of property in the City of
'~tin.lai.rl'ti d faar the ya>aa 1911
Ai y person or peraons having  .
i> aint muni uivH n tic ia. aii:>ng al la
'laya be;..ie the data, a.f meeting.
Alex. MiKinnii!), City Clnrlt
Cuuiberlsn, B.C., April 6th. lull
ipai'ivy axiatiag by raiHSoti aaf a
noiico publi»ha»l iu t!<e Uritiah Culuin-
In* (iuzetie a.f thu 27th. day aaf Da-cein
ber, 1907, oyer lande si uated nn th<-
Eaat side aaf Ta-xiala Ialand, lying to the
south of Lot No. 21!, formerly covered
by Timber Licen.e No. 13400, which
expired on the 7th dsy of May, 1908,
is cancelled, and thst the said lsnds will
be open for location under the provisions of the 'Land Act," after midnight,
on June 18th. 1911'
Robert A. Rex-wick,
Deputy Minister of Lands-
Lsnds Department,
Victoria, B. 0.
9th. March, 1911
In, be sure to order your weddin, invi
tstions at The Islakher Office. Smnnli«
at thia office
Third St. & Penrith Avenue
All kinds of hauling don*
First-class Rigs for Hire
Livery and team work promptly
attended to
PI'BLIC NOTICE ia hereby given,
that, midair the authority contain
nil in sea tion 131 of the "Land Act," a
■a'lrulatiiin has heen approved by the
Lieutenant Governor in Council in Iii-
nag the minimum sale prices of first Slid
•ecoiiil-i-l ,ai landa at f 10 and |6 per scrr
This leg'ilation further provides that
the pricea tixaid therein ahall spply to
all landa with reapect taa which the ap-
ailicaKnti tn purclanie is given fsvouraab e
iiuiiaaderatiou .afia.. this date, notwith-
aianaling the date of auch application oi
any delay that may have oecured in the
coniider>ation of tho same,
Kurihur notice ia hereby given that
ill persona who have pending applicat-
miis taa purohaae leads under the pra-vi
ainiia if sections 34 air36 aaf the ' L ud
Act" and who are not willing to com
plete such purchases unoVr the prices fixed by the aforeaaid regulation shall bast liberty to withdraw such application aud racei<e and refund of nioney-
deposited on account of such applications.
Minister of Lands.
Department of Lands,
Victoria, B. C , April 3rd, 1911.
Notice of Examination
NOTICE is hereby given,   that  Ex-
.aia.iii.ati. tis a ill be held for First
Second-, and Third class Certificates ol
Competency under the provisions of the
"Coal Mines Regulation Act," st Ns
■iftiini., Fernie, Cumberland, snd Mer
rit, .in the 9th., 10, and 11th., daya
.if May, lgll, commencing at 9 o'clock
in the forenoon.
The runjects will he as follows: —
First Class Candidates
Mining Act and Special Rule..
Mine (iases
Ventilati n
General Work
Mine Machinery
Suit- ying
Second Class Candidates—
Mining Act aud Special Hires
Mine date
• Ja.-l.eral    VV.ark
Third Class Candidates—
Mining Act and Special Rules
Mine Gates snd (1 ural Wink
Applications musi be iiia.it. to the un
-arraigned, not  laier  than  Wednesday
M»y 3rd.,   1911,   acci.inpaui d   by   th.
- tuary fee aa follows:—
Ra   in applicant for Firtt-c'aaa
Examination 110 08
I'.) an applicant toi S.C'.nii oleaa
Kianiiiiatiin $10 0<
11> 1111 .applicant for Third-clsst
Examination — -   ft 00
The applicatinna muat ho accompanied
>  original   'oatiuiunials and  evid.i c-
-. ittng i.hat:
(a) —I' a candidate for s First Claaa,
hat . aa ia -, Biitih Suljaic nnd has  haa
a( lavaar live yewra' rxpui-ienoe in or about tl <    practical   w. rkings  a.f *  coalmine,   and ia at leatt   wellty five yean
of age.
(b)— If a candidate for Second Claaa,
tint he haa had at leatt five years ex
hi rience in or abaiut the practical work
ings of s coal-mine:
(o)—If s candidate for Third Clsie,
1 list be has hsd st leatt three yerrt ex
pi rience in or about the practical work
ings of s coal mine:
(n)—A candidate for a Certificate of
Uiinpeiiency aa Manager, Over-man,
M.iftboss, or 8hotlighter, shall f.arwsid
certificate from a medical practitioner
ialy ipialffied to practice satuch in the
Piovince of Britiah Columbis, showing
that he hat taken a course in ainbulen
re work fitting him, the said candidate,
to give first aid to persons in cosl mine
ing operations.
By order of the Board,
Nanaimo, B. ft,
January 21st., ln.ll.
:\ s'Vj"1-' firVJ^ .YVf'w 5f\j*v^fa/Vj#vyfrVrM tyvj^1 tfyj*.-. .Vk
n* mm^mjsxm.
W       HEADQUARTERS FOR      ffc
$(g Furniture
Etc., eic.%v
A nice line of Iron Bedsteads."
$n. * $40.
just arrived
i'^, * L~<r,-<*Ia'TNI-'W^
The  BEST Machine  on the  Market
and sold on EASY TEEMS   	
IEPSON BROS., District Agents, Nanaimo, B. C
C. Seyrave, Local Representative, Cumberland, B. C.
Capital $6,200,000
Reserve 17,000,000
Draft* lulled In any currency, payable all over th* world
highest current rates allowed on deposits of 91 and upwards
Joint Account* iiuy lio oprHeit in Hit* nam.'* nf tmrnr nmrr |irM-miii», to Ih- opuntteil l.y Anyone of
them nnd in tin- etent of uVtUh Mi W |iniil to thv itirvlvor. w ii hunt miy furiiintlty,
CUMBERLAND, B.C., Branch-   —   —     OPEN DAILY
H. F. Montgomery, Manager
Guaranteed Tailoring.
It's because "Ilobbcrlins"
made to measure clothes are
as near perfect as skilled
tailors can make 'em, that we
are able to guarantee to every
customer perfect satisfaction
or yonr money refunded.
You are invited to look
over the Spring Suitings that
come from the greatest mills
in the world. Yonllfind all
the popular weaves,
^The Strong Magnet of the Season
is  Our Line at
T. E. Cartwright
Sole Agent for Cumberland.
Organs,   Gramophones
and all other Musical Instruments can be had on EASY MONTHLY PAYMENTS, from
FLETCHER BROS.,      Vancouver,


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