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The Islander Feb 17, 1912

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Onr Spring Good, are nnw driving and wiii •nrpiuui all pre.
vioiuunn, not only u reuarda
t xteliBKitlim . f auoituiiin'a,
but aa to Iho attraC'iveiiHNN ...
tin valuta lhat wa ahall offer.
A  !artf«   selprfh n   of  Corset  '
C *vei Kinu'uidi'i-'i'R. jtat open
od "ut     Also a «idu ran<je uf
Cursor    Overs   nf   excellent
qtntUiytuehuii.se frum.
Ko, 88
THE Isr.ANl)liU, CUMUEIiLAND,.B;C., SATURDAY, FEB. 1%   1915
Subscription price §1.50 per yacr
Ship's Company of H.
M.C.S. Eainbow are
The ilnnce and uncial givon in the
K. of P. Hall at. Comox to lho ship's
company of 11. .M.C.S. Kninlxiw on
Monday laat wuk a huge r.ucccHH,
Everything tho lailiiauf Comux could
do wus done in thoir usual thorough
style. Mr. nnd Mrs. Mill tin and Mr.
Monte furnished the music, whioh wns
of the I pest. Mr. Mai tin haslatrly
pirolias"d the hall from Mr. Moore,
and has installed gasoline lights and
■■Hide other improvements,
Miss Nellie Mullen, an amateur of
exceptional merit, gave a song und
dnnco which wus splendidly  rendered.
Between the dances P. O. Jlligh
rendered three songs which brought
down the house, his itjnke-up being exceedingly good.
Selections by ll.M.C.S. Hu'nbow's
mandolin anil banjo trio, D.O.'s Overy
lind Uligh, und Stoker Ulendinning,
wero a great assistance in the dances,
the lime In ing admirable.
P. 0, Humphries, nocompimyiug
accompanying himself on tho mandolin
sang two songs which were very much
The hull was filled as w-e havo rarely
seen it, and everyone scene d nnxioiis
to do every I hing iu their power to
■nuke the enlertainment u success.
Dancing was kept up till the small
hours, and, before breaking up, an in
vitution wns extended to. the residents
of Comox by the Ship'B compnny to un
entsrtainiuent on board when she is
. next in harbor.
Oreat credit is due to Mrs. Cyril
Piercey for the painstaking and elliclent manner in which she arranged and
carried out all tho details of the entertainment.
FOR SALE— Houmhold furnituro and
effects'nf 5 roomed house, a bargain, at
Uo. 7 mine. For particulars apply at
thit i ftice.
Mr Win. Thomson, Jr., representing
tbe William Thomson Piano lloii.se uf
Vnncouver, Glasgow and London, wns
iu town ou Wednesday on business in
connection with his linn.
W. .1. Oonrd. the piano tun.T, pnid
Cumberland a living visit Wednesday,
Mr, Gourd wlfebe in Cumberland again
on his regular business trip about ll e
Ilrst of April.
Pictures of the big culnstiopho at
Union liny were shown in the Ol pheuiu
Tleutre this week which wero very
good,    Nolhing like Iwing up-todnte
Notice is heroby given that I  will   not
be re»p risible for any debts contracted ly
n y wife at she haa left, my bed and board
Ciubi.es E. Kkick.
Dated Fobruiry 12th, 1912.
Mr. \V. E. Lawrence, manager if the
Big Stire, made a flying trip to Vancou
Tor on Sunday list, reluming Tuesday
The Pythi n Sisters will give a leap
year dance in Cumberland HaU on Feb
ruary 19; for the benefit of the Y. M. C.
4.   Tickets 11,50.    Extra lady 50c
In a fight on Ihe school grounds last
night Aaron Will ams received a number
of knife wounds. Hois no* in the hospital but not in a serious condition.
Captain Cawley of Courtenay is train act
ing business in town today.
Members Get Together
And Spend a Very
Sociable Night.
The CdmbMdnd Churitl Union held
thoir iii Mt suutii) pvenJtig in tlio Oiltl-
f>llow.< Hull on Thursdny evening}&**.
mul a vary enjoy.inh. thim was spent
in various amusements arid singing.
Tlio following artistes assisted:—
Messrs. Chan Irish, Jas. Aston, J Man
ner, Scotch cniiioilinn; Bert Anton, Jim
Mi'L'iughliii, and Thos. Lewis,
Tlitipiogruiri was completely changed
whi'ii a sumptuous liaiid-otit wns served
l»y Cumberland fair ladies.
All seemed satisfied wlieri sii'ldenly
a raid was made nn the old familiar
political fjUeaiion •4\Vomen'« Suffrage,"
Mr. •lolm Hunnerninn j*uv« a very t'1'nU
Oii^e and interesting spvcttjl—in favor
of women, of course. Johnnio knows
lo whom he sells the candy. Dr Hjeks
thought a man should iave as mnny
wives as possible. The ladies at this
stage became nervous, and thought a
few parlor games would be beneficial to
to the masculine sex, lliere were in
dulgeil in for some time.
Mr. Pnrkinsort ihen guveaiec'tation
i'n Ins usual appropriate style,
Mr. J Gillespie acted as chairman,
md gave a very interesting Kpeecli regarding the aim*, accomplishments and
efforts of the Choral Union. He also
extended a hearty invitation to all do
airing to become members of tho tooiflty
to hand in their names to the secretary,
Mr. Adam .lack
Special Meeting to Sit with Hospital Board Called for
Monday Eve.
The Night Man Severely Hauled Over
the Coals.
Aldermen Maxwell, Campbell, Beveridge and Cessford
were present, wheu the Mayor
called the council to order iu
special session ■ Thursday evening;.
Immediately the couficil resolved itself into committee of
the whole house on the assessment roll.
The aldermen did not appear
to be stuck on the job. Maxwell thought that whatever
might be done a howl would go
up.     They were in for it any
The evening wns brought lo a t'lt...
bjj the singing of t'Aulil Lang Syne,'
nml eaeli member looking happier for
the evening's amusement.
i'iiVay-.   When it came to Alder-
Ikj. .n Beverid:
;e's  property  lie
!1 days' work. This was beside the cost of lumber. Bever-
wanted to know what kind of
work this was. Cessford, being asked, said he would like a
summer's job at those rates.
Beveiinge said he had heard
the city was paying 8100 a
month for the keep oi the city
horse—one horse. It transpires that there is a bill in for
$117.00, but it covers several
The matter of the isolation
lospital was brought up. The
Mayor and Chairman Bever
idge of the health board, had
met with the hospital board on
Friday eveliing the Stli lt was
designed to send a delegation
of one from the council and one
from the hospital board to Victoria to get the provincial government to approprite §.ri,000
Sometime since School Trustee Smith
slaterl publicly heforo the council that
there were cracks in the Iloor of the
school rooms through which tho children's feet might slip unci a leg ho broken
ami which appeared in Tnu Islander
nccount of Ihe meeting. Tho statement created some little comment and
ho inclination was to censure tho old
1'oiird. the principal of the school and
teachers for subjecting the children to
such a menace.
Shortly after tho meeting it eamo to
tho editor ef tliis paper straight and
very emphatically that there never had
been any such cracks in the tloor nnd
wo were invited to investigate IA. ourselves. Our representative was accord
ingly sent to the school building to
ascertain the facts iu tho matter. He
c 'uld tind no crack*, nor evidence of
any such having fatten repaired. He
was met hy Principal A. B. Iloycr, who
denied all knowledge of such cracks
and, wns positive there had hecu n u.e
Now conies Mr. Smith's statement
iu the 'News' insisting that tliere hail
been sueh cracks, Imt tin*}' had been
repnired. Our representative iiiiincdi
ately went to School Secretary Cmcy
ami asked lo see the bill for these repairs. Tho bill showN that something
ovor $100 has been expended in repairs, hut does not contain any item of
repairing floors.
Now that ihu old school board, thc
principal of tliu school and the, teachers
may havo justice done to Ihem anil the
parents may know whei her tho children ■ havo been in daily jeopardy of
broken limits, Mr. Tho*. H. Cai'ey, the
School Secretary, is asked to stato
whether at any lime "cracks through
which tke children's feet might .-lip nnd
a leg be broken" ever existed in the
school rooms.
Mr. Smith is invited to stnte in
which room or rooms these cracks existed, how long nud wide they were
autl when repaired.        '■
Dr. Biblo, hiiinerist and ilocutinniit; in
the Metlioditit Church Wedieslay aid
Thureday evtiniugs.    Don't mils it.
arose and .moved tluit the valuation be increased §25.00.
Several of the aldermen tumbled over themselves to second
the motion and it was passed
with great cheer. The matter
of iuauffuratinff the single tax
system was talked ovei', hut it
was thought to be impractical
at this time.
The Mayor thought that revenue might be obtained trom
the brewery, which was now
going to the provincial government. The oflice from which
they conducted tlieir business
was within the city limits.
Maxwell did Uot think they
could get the tax money away
from the provincial government
but if they were doing business
within thi! city limits a license
revenue might be derived f'l'oin
Improvements on lot 12 blk
14 were, valued at £250.00.
T. Irwin s' valuation was
reduced •$200.
I\ Anderson's valuation reduced $200;
L. Mounces< valuation was
raised §200.
E, C, Eludes valuation Was
raised to §2,000.
11. Creech's valuation was
raised $75.00.
Replying to a question the
clerk gave §85,475; on lots anp
§192,000. on improvements,
making total of §277,470. It
will be practically the same for
this year.   •
While the night man was
not present he yet came in for
a good hauling over the coals
Tliere were many complaints.
Beveride called attention to a
wagon box the night man had
built and had put in a bill for
for the build
of tin isolation
hospital iu Cumberland) The
Council finally decided to call
a special session for Monday
evening to meet with the hospital board.
In the opinion of The Island
er an isolation hospital would
he of great benefit to the people. In conversation with
Health Officer Dr. G. K. Mac-
Naughton we learned the details of the proposed hospital.
It is proposed to erect the build
ing on the rear of the present
hospital lot. The quarters will
be fitted up with all the home
comforts. When there is a
contageous case a trained nurse
will be assigned from the hospital. Hence the patient will
receive not only nil the comforts of a home, but what is
ditlicult and costly to obtain in
a home, the skilled attendance
ofa trained nurse. Certainly
one alllicted with a dread contagion would infinitely prefer
to go to such an hospital rather
than to remain at home antl
spread the disease to other
members of the family. And
it would be cheaper. The regulation hospital fees for all
costs are one dollar a day. The
city and provincial government
would save ment yon indigent
cases, not only in a lower per
capita rate, but in a lessened
number of cases, and in absolute prevention of spread, .
On Monday evening lasl n very in
tcresting attain touk place at tlio regu
larses-ion of Harmony Itehekah Lodge
No. 2l', wben Mrs. Sydney Horwood
was presented with a cut. .lass sugar
and cream set,'and a hcailtlful ring, set
with pearls, as a mark of appreciation
of Inr services for the good of the order,
Buildings Washed  A-
way and One Jap
is Drowned.
At a little past 0 o'clock Saturday
evening the big power dam of the Canadian Collieries company at Union
Bay colhipsed and swirling waters tore
through the town, creating havoc and
consternation. When tho dam was
found in danger the ollicials of the
Compnny sent out runners to w.irn.hut
so suddenly cnine the collapse thnt
there were barely five minutes to spa e
ere tin; Muu 1 was upon the town.
The dnm was situate some two miles
away iu the mountains and at an elevation of 800 feet or more above the
town. The reservoir is estimated lo
have contained more than a million
gallons of waler. When tbe dam collapsed a solid wyll of water lo feet
high rushed and roared down the
■^teep deelivi.y tearing great, gushes
and gullies in tlu earth and sweeping
evertliiug before it.
Shacks of tho .Tapatie-o which stood
in its path were swept into tho bay.
One life, thai of a Japanese* was lost,
he sitting ou the roof being carried into thc sun. Tho body has not been
found. The Union Hay Co-Operative
store was completely undermined and
only the dead weight of the large
stock of goods prevented it being curried to the sea. The government tele
graph office was washed into the hay
and on Sunday was found stranded on
Denman Tsland four miles away. Fred
Drown, the wharfinger, bad a narrow
escape. He was ill the telegraph office and hearing a distant rumble and
roar und excited shouts uf men, rushed
out and hnd barely time to climb a
nearby hill tn safety. The coal hunkers were damaged somewhat and railroad tracks and telegraph lines were
washed out.
The (lum was used to supply power
to the Immense plant of the Canadian
Collieries Co. Ltd. at Union Bay and
to provide wnter for the town.
Thc company's loss is variously estimated at from $r'0,0Hf .00 to i50,j,<-()0
wliile the projHirty loss to individuals
is placed at from 81ri.000.00 to 880,
The collapse of ihe dnm is apparent
ydtie llie unusual he ivy r:iins for the
past few weeks.
Knee Deep in Mud.
Tn an intervi.*w with .Mr. and Mrs.
1'Yank Partridge ns In how tbey managed In save themselves. Mrs. l'art-
ridge sail she was lold by a man who
warned .ill those whom he could come
across lhal thcdnin bad burst and to
get out ns quickly ns possible'. Mrs.
Partridge, who was alone nt the lime,
had just time to gel a coat, and take
her two children outside, the water
already Hearing tho house, and take
refuge in the Wilson Hotel. From
there she watched the progress of the
Hood, expecting every minute to see
her home and the storo washed 'completely awny. The roar of tho water
was frightful. Vour hours later Mrs.
Partridge entered her how to lind it
kneedeep in mud and water.
To  Play  Cumberland
Black and Whites
on March 3.
Tho cMck irnccer football loam fmiu
Victoria ia expected to piny hare mi
Mnrch Srd and thu local h>>y* tre getting
theniHelves in shape to give them a hard
•■un for the points in all their games in
all their frames in the B. C, and Island
Lemre. V ctoria has been defeated hut
imcuand that by our heal team, and the
buys are contrdtnt that they can repeat' n
Mucli ;. Tliere will he a practice ((nine
uFeb 18 K'ckr it ab 10:110 a. in. Flay.
•■rn will limit at W. brown's at 10. , Col-
lection will bn taken up.
Passenger Couch will leavo as follows
to connect witli the C. P. It, at Union
Tuesday—5 p.m.
Wednesday —6.45 n, m.
Thurudgy—8 n. in.
Friday—G. 15 p. in.
Saturday- 5.45 a. ni.
Boat leaves for Gotnox.
Wednesday —7 p. nt.
Friday- -7 p. nt.
Saturday—11 a. m.
HAVWAun L,vNt> DisTkicT, Diitrict of Say-
wai-d:—Take notice that Johu Ge"rge
MaHy of C'uHetiHy. B, C, occupation
auctioneer, tnteu<Jtt Lit apply for puruiii -
<iott lu piirclniBu >he following described
ttodn; Coiniwmcinj* ata pout planted ut'
the N bank nf Cranberry lake and at the
SE citruer of Timber Limit 30012 thence
W 40 chains; thence S 40 Chains; thence
V. 20chfuue: thenco NE 10 chains to point
ol commencement and containing 110
acrea more or less,
Joun OoiiriE Hardy
D.ited Jan. 14, 1012. Reginald Catwithin
RATMARD land district, District of Sayward.—Take notice that Margaret Car-
within of Sandwick, B. 0., occupation
widow, intends to apply for permission
to purchase the followiugdesoribed lands:
Commencing at v post planted ou the
north bai k of Trout lake and about one
mile west from the SW curner of Timber
Limit 37470 thence N 40 chains, thenco
W 40 dhaius, thence S 40 chains to the
north bank of Trout lake; theuce along
the t.nrth b ink of Trout lake E 40 chains
to p' int of commencement and containing
100 acres more or less.
Maroakrt Carwithen
Dved Jan. 11,1912. Reginald Carwithen
SAYWARD i.anodisthkt, Disirict of Sayward -Tuke notice that Harriet Jane
lluinbridge of Loudop, England, occupation single woman, intends to apply U>c
permission to purchase the following described landa- Commencing at a po«i
plnnted on the N hank of Trout lake and
about one mile fr'iu the most southerly
•tt d ■ if said hike thence aloug the hank of
said lake sout lierly 80 chains, toence N W
80 chains, thence E 4(1 chaina to point nf
ct minenccmcitt and containing 100 actun
more or less.
Harriet Janji Bainrkidijr
Dated Jan. 11,21/1012. Reginald Carwilh-
tn, Agent.
HAYWARD land histRKT, District nf Say-
ward. --'IVke notice that Kdith l/icey
Btttes of Lytham, Kng., occupation widow, intends to apply for permission to
purchase the following described lands- ■ ■
C 'tnmenciiig at a post planted on the
smith bank of Trout lakeagd about two
milt's from the nr nt northerly end of said
lade, thence E 80 chains, thenco N 40
chains, thence south aloug bank of said
lake 8u chains to point of cnmmenccliient
aud containing SO acres moro or less.
Edith LA0BY Hates
Dtted Jan. ll, 1912.Iteginald Carwithen
Mrs. SiimiiH will give lesioiu nn ihe
p alei at hei h<'use in Jerusalem, formerly
owned by Mr. J tines Stewart, nu aud
after Monday, Match 4th—until then in
Cump as usuitl.
Mr. D A. Thomas, nf tbo God, A,
Kletcher Music Co., left Fitday morning
fir Nanalmo, Mr. Thomas will be iu
Cumberland again about March lat,
WANTED -A girl for light house woik
glo 00 per mouth.    Apply this oflice, THE ISLANDER. CUMBERLAND. B.C.
Copyright, 1911
[By Small, Msynard A Co., Inc.
CHAPTEE HI—Continued
Ilu Middle Claw Hell
SHE sent me away every morning
with frcBh hope and greeted me
at night with a cheerfulness that
was like wine. And she did this without any show of false optimism. She
was not blind to the seriousness of our
present position, but she exhibited a
confidence in me that did not admit of
doubt or fear. There was something
almost awesomely beautiful about
standing by her side and facing the ap-
Eroaching  storm.    She  used  to  place
er amall hands upon my back and exclaim:
"Why, Billy, there's work for
shoulders like those."
lt made me feel like a giant.
So another month passed. I subscribed to an employment bureau, but
the only offer 1 received was to act as
a sort of bouncer in a barroom. I suppose my height and weight and reputation for sobriety recommended me
there. There was five dollars a week
in it, and as far as I alone was concerned 1 would havo taken it. That
sum would at least buy bread, and
though it may sound incredible the
problem of getting enough to eat was
fast becoming acute. The provision
men became daily more BUspicious. We
cut down on everything, but 1 knew it
waB only a question of time when they
would refuso to extend our credit for
the little we had to havo. And all
around me my neighbors went their
cheerful ways and waited for me to
work it out. But whenover I thought
of tbo barroom job and the money it
would bring I could see them snake
their heads.
It wns hell. It was the deepest of all
deep hells—the middle-class hell. There
was nothing theatrical about it—no
fireworks or red lights. It was plain,
dull, sodden. Here was my position:
work in my class 1 couldn't get; work
as a young man I waB too old to get;
work as just plain physical labor these
same middle-class neighbors refused to
allow me to undertake. I couldn't
black my neighbors' boots without
social ostracism, though Pasqualo, who
kept the stand in the United Woollen
building, onco confided to me that he
cleared some twenty-live dollars a week.
I couldn't mow my neighbors' front
lawns or deliver milk at their doors,
though there was food in it. That was
honest work—clean work; but if I attempted it would they play golf with
met Personally I didn't care. 1
would have takon a job that day. But
there were the wifo and boy. They
were held in ransom. It's all very well
to talk about scorning the conventions,
to philosophize about the dignity of
honest work, to quote "a man's a man
for a' that"; but associates of their
own kind mean more to a woman and
a growing boy that they do to a man.
At least I thought so at that time.
When 1 saw my wife surrounded by
well-bred, well-dressed women, they
seemed to me an essential part of her
life. What else did living mean for
her I When my boy brought home with
him other boys of his age and kind—
though to me they did not represent the
highest type—I felt under obligations
to retain those friends for him. I had
begot him into his set. It seemed barbarous to do anything that would allow
them to point the linger at him.
I felt a yearning for some primeval
employment, 1 hungered to join the
army or go to sea. But here again were
the wife and boy. I felt like going into
the Northwest and pre-empting a homestead. That was a saner idea, but it
took capital and I didn't have enough.
I was tied hand and foot. It was like oue
of those nightmares where in the face
of danger you are suddenly struck
dumb and immovable.
I was beginning to look wild-eyed.
Ruth and I wore living on bread, without butter, and canned soup. I sneaked
to town with a few books and Bold them
for enough to keep the boy supplied
with meat. My shoes were worn out
at the bottom and my clothes were getting decidedly seedy. Tbe men with
whom I waa in the habit of riding to
town in the morning gave me as wide
a berth as though I bad the leprosy.
I guess they were afraid my hard luck
was catching. Ood pity them, many
of them were dangerously near the rim
of this same hell themselves.
One morning my wife came to me
reluctantly, but with her usual courage,
and aaid:
"Billy, the grocery man didn't bring
out order last night." It was like a
sword-thrust. It made mo desperate.
But the worst of the middle-class hell
is that there is nothing to fight back at.
There you are. 1 couldn 't say anything.
There was no answer. My eyes must
have looked queer, for Kuth came
nearer and whispered:
"Don't go in town today, Billy."
1 had on my hat and had gathered
up two or three more volumes in my
green bag. 1 looked at tho trim little
house that had been my home for so
long. Tho rent would be .'ue next
month. I looked at the other trim
little bouses around mc. Was it actually possiblo thnt a man could starve
in such a community! It seemed like a
satanic joke. Why, every year this
country was absorbing emigrants by
the thousand. They diil not go
hungry. They waxed fat and prosperous. There was Pasqualc, the bootblack, who was earning nearly as much
as I ever did.
We wero standing on tho porch. I
took Kuth in my arms and kissed her.
She drew back with a modest protest
that the neighbors might sec. Tho word
neighbors goaded me. 1 shook my fist
at their trim little houses and voiced
a passion that had slowly been gathering strength.
"Damn the neighbors!" I cried.
Ruth wns startled. I don't often
"Have they been talking about
you!" she asked suddenly, her mouth
"I don't know. I don't care. Bnt
tbey hold you in ransom like bloody
Moroccan pirates."
"Ilow do they, Billyf"
"They won't let me work without
taking it out of you and the boy."
Her head dropped for a seeond at
mention of the boy, but it waa soon
"Let's get away from them," ahe
gasped. "Let's go where there are
no neighbors."
"Would youi" I aBked.
"I'd go to the ends of the earth with
you, Billy," she answered quietly.
How plucky she was! 1 couldn't
help but smile as I answered, more to
"We haven't even the carfare to go
to the ends of the earth, Rutb. It will
take all we bave to pay our bills.''
"All wo havet" she asked.
No, not that. Tbey could only get
a little of what ahe and 1 had. They
could take our belongings, that's all.
Antl they hadn't got those yet.
But 1 had begun to hate those neighbors with a fierce, unreasoning hatred.
In silence they dictated, without assisting. For a dozen years I had lived
with them, played with them, been an
integral part of their lives, and now
thoy were worse than useless to me.
There wasn't one of them big enough
to receive me into his home for myself
alone, apart from the work I did.
There wasn't a true brother among
Our lives turn upon little things.
Thoy turn swiftly. Within fifteen minutes I had solved my problem In a
fashion as unexpected as it waa radical.
We Emigrate to America
Going down the path to town bitterly
and blindly, I met Murphy. He waa a
man with not a gray hair in his head
who was a sort of man-of-all-work for
the neighborhood. He took care of my
furnace and fussed about the grounds
when I was tied up at the office with
night work. He stopped me with
rather a shame-faced air.
"Beg pardon, sor," he began, "but
I've got a bill comin' due on the new
I remembered that I owed bim some
fifteen dollars. I had in my pocket just
ten cents over my car fare. But what
arrested my attention was the mention
of a new house.
You mean to tell me that you're
putting up a house! "
The  bit  of  a  rint, sor,  in  	
Tho contrast was dramatic. The
man who emptied my ashes waa erecting tenements and I was looking for
work that would bring me in food.
My people had lived in thia country
some two hundred years or more, and
Murphy had probably not been here
thirty. There was something wrong
about this, but I seemed to be getting
hold of an ides.
How  old  are   you,  Murphy I"  I
"Goin' on sixty, sor."
"You .came to America broke!"
"Dead broke, sor."
"You have a wife and children!"
"A woman and six childer."
Six!   Think of it!   And I had one.
"Children in school!"
I asked it almost in hope that here
at least I would hold the advantage.
"Two of them in college, aor."
He spoke it proudly. Well he might.
But to me it was confuting.
"And you have enough left over to
put up a houae!" I stammered.
"It's better than the bank," Morphy said apologetically.
"And you aren't an old man yet,"
I murmured.
"Old, sor!"      '
"Why you're young and strong and
independent, Murphy.    You're  "
But I guess I talked a bit wild. I don't
know what I said. I was breathless—
lightheaded. I wanted to go baek to
"Pat," I said, seizing hia hand—
'' Pat, you shall have the money within
a week. I'm going to sell out and
. "Emigrate!" he gasped. "Where
1 laughed. The solution now seemed
so easy.
'' Why, to Ameriea, Pat. To America
where you came thirty years ago." I
left him staring at me. I hurried into
tbe house with my heart in my throat.
I found Ruth in the sitting-room
with her head in her hands and her
white forehead knotted in a frown. She
didn't hear me come in, but when 1
touched hcr arm she jumped up, ashamed to think 1 had caught her looking
even puzzled. But at Bight of my face
hor expression changed in a flash.
"Oh, Billy," she cried, "it's good
"It'a a way out—if you approve,"
I answered.
"I do, Billy," sho answered, without waiting to hear.
"Then listen," I said. "If we were
living in England or Ireland or France
or Oermany and found life ae hard aa
this and somo one left us Ave hundred
dollars what would you advise doing!"
"Why, we'd emigrate, Billy," she
said instantly.
"Exactly.   Where to!"
"To America."
"Right," I cried. "And we'd be
ono out of a thousand if we didn't make
good, wouldn't we!"
'' Why, every one succeeds who comes
here from somewhere else," ahe exclaimed.
"And why do they!" I demanded,
getting excited with my idea. "Why
do they! There are a dozen reasons.
One is because thoy como as pioneers—
with all the enthusiasm and eagerness
of adventurers. Life la fresh and romantic to them over here. Hardships
only add zest to the game. Another
reason is that it la all a line big gamble
to them. They have everything to gain
and nothing to loan. It'a the aame
spirit that drives young New Engenders out west to try their luek, to
pre-empt homesteads in the Northwest,
to till the prairies. Another reason is
that they come over1 here freo—unbound by conventions. They can work
as they please, live as they please. They
haven't any cause to hamper them. Another reason is that, being on the aame
great adventure, they are all brothers.
They pull together.   Still aaother rea
son is that aa emigrants the whole United States stands ready to help them
with schools and playgrounds and hospitals and parks."
I paused for breath. She eut in excitedly:
"Then we're going out west!"
"No; we haven't the capital for that.
By selling all our things we can pay
our debts and have a few dollars over,
but that wouldn't take ua to Chicago.
I'm not going ten miles from home."
"Where then, Billy!"
"You've seen the big ships come in
along the water-front! They are bringing over hundreds of emigrants every
year and landing them right on those
docks. These people have had to cross
the ocean to reach that point, but our
ancestors made the voyage for you and
me two hundred yeara ago. We're
within ten miles of the wharf now."
She couldn't make out what I meant.
"Why, wife o' mine," 1 ran on, "all
we need to do is pack up, go down to
the dock and start from there. We
must join the emigrants and follow
them into the city. These are the only
poople who ore finding America to-day.
We must take up life among them; work
as they work; live as they live. Wby,
I feel my back muscles straining even
now; I feel the tingle of coming down
the gang-plank with our fortunes yet
to make in this land of opportunity.
Pasquale has done it; Murphy has done
it.   Don't you think I can do it!"
She looked up at me. I had never
seen her face more beautiful.   It was
"My man—my wonderful, good
The primitive appellation was in
itself like a whiff of salt air. It bore
me back to the daye when a husband's
chief function was just that—being a
man to his own good woman. We looked for a moment into each other's eyes.
Then the same question was born to
both of us in a moment.
"What of the boy!"
It was a more serious question to
her, I think, than it was to me. I
knew thnt the sons of other fathers
and mothers had wrestled with that
life and come out strong. There were
Murphy's boys, for instance. Of course
the life would be new to my boy, but
the keen competition ought to drive
him to his best. HiB present life was
not doing that. As for the coarser details from which he had been so
sheltered—well, a man has to learn
Booner or later, and I wasn't sure but
it was better for him to learn at an
age when such things would offer no
real temptations, with Ruth baek of
him I didn't worry much about that.
Besides, the boy had let drop a phrase
or two that made me suspect that even
among his present associates that aame
ground was being explored.
"Ruth," I said, "I'm not worrying
about Dick."
"He has been kept so fresh," she
"It isn't the fresh thinga that keep
longest," I said.
"That's true, Billy," ahe answered.
Then she thought a moment, and as
though with new inspiration answered
me, using again that same tender, primitive expression:
"I don't fear for my man-child."
When the boy eame home from school
that night I had a long talk with him.
I told him frankly how I had been
forced out of my position, how I had
tried tor another, how at length I had
resolved to go pioneering juat as hii
great-grandfather had done among tho
Indians. As I thought, the naked adventure of it appealed to him. That
wae all I wished; it waa enough to
work on.    .
The next day I brought out a secondhand furniture dealer and made as good
a bargain aa I could with him for the
contents of the house. We saved nothing but the sheer essentials for light
housekeeping. These consisted of moat
of the cooking utensils, a half dozen
plates, cups and saucers and about a
dozen other pieces for the table, four
table-cloths, all the bed linen, all our
clothes, including some old clothes we
had been upon the point of throwing
awny, a few personal gimcracks, and
for furniture tbo following articles:
the folding wooden kitchen table, a half
dozen chairs, the cot bed in the boy'a
room, the iron bed in our room, the long
mirror I gave Ruth on her birthday,
and a sort of china-closet that stood in
the dining-room. To this we added
bowls, pitchers, and lamps. All the rest,
which included a full dining-room aet,
a full dinner set of china, the furnishings of the front room, including books
and book-ruse, chairs, rugs, pictures
and two or three good chairs, a full
hudrootn set )i, our room and a cheaper
one in the boy's room, piazza furnishings, garden tools and forty odds and
ends, all of which had cost mo first and
last something liko two thousand dollars, i told the dealer to lump together. Ho looked it over and bid six
hundred dollars. I aaw Ruth swallow
hard, for she had taken good care of
everything so that to ut it waa worth
as much today as we bad paid for it.
But I accepted tho offer without dickering, for it was large enough to serve
my ends. It would pay off all our
debts nntl leave us a hundred dollars
to tho good. It waa the first time since
I married that I had been that much
That nfternoou I aaw Murphy and
hired of him the top tenement of hit
new house. It waa in the Italian
quarter of the city and my flat consisted of four rooms. The rent was
three dollirs a week. Murphy looked
surprised enough at the change in my
affairs and I made him promise not to
gossip to the neighbors about where
I'd gono.
"Faith, sor," he said, "and they
wouldn't believe it if I told them."
That wasn't all I accomplished that
day. 1 bought a pair of overalls And
presented mvself at the office of a contractor's agent. I didn't have any
trouble in getting in there and I didn t
feel like a beggar at I took my place
ln linn with alout a dozen foreigners.
I looked them over with a certain
amount of self-confidence. Most of
Ihem were undersired mea with tagging
shoulders and primitive faces. With
{their big eyes they made me think of
shaggy Shetland ponies. Lined up man
for man with my late associates they
certainly looked like an inferior lot.
I atudied them with curiosity; there
must be more in them than showed on
the surface to bring them over here—
there must be something that wasn't
in the net of ut for them to make
good the way they did. In the next
six months 1 meant to find out what
that was. Iu the r.ioantime just sitting
there among them I felt as though I
had more elbow room than I had had
since I was eighteen. Before me at before them a continent atretched ita
great length and breadth. They laughed and joked among themselves and
stared about at everything with eager,
curious eyes. They were ready for anything, and everything was ready for
them—the ditch, the mines, the railroads, the wheat fields. Wherever
things were growing and needed men
to help them grow, they would play
their part. They tay there's plenty of
room at the top, but there's plenty of
room at the bottom, too. It's in the
middle that men get pinehed.
I worked my way up to the window
where a sallow, pale-faced clerk sat In
front of a big book. He gave me a
start, he was such a contrast to the
others. In my new enthusiasm, I wanted to ask him why he didn't come out
and get in lino the other side of the
window. He yawned ae he wrote down
my name. I didn't have to answer
more than half a dozen questions before
he told me to report for work Monday
at such and such a place. I asked him
what the work was and he looked up.
"Subway," he answered.
I asked him how much the pay was.
He looked me over at this, I don't
know what he thought I was.
"Dollar and a half—nine hours."
"All right," I answered.
He gave me a slip of paper and I
hurried out. It hadn't taken ten minutes. And a dollar and a half a day
was nine dollars a week! It was slmost
twice as much as I had started on with
the United, it was over * third of what
I had been getting after my first ten
years of hard work with them. It
seemed too good to be true. Taking
flushed and eager. She clutched my
arm. Then Bhe whispered:
out the rent this left me six dollars
for food. That was as much as it bad
cost Ruth and me the first year we were
married. There was no need of going
hungry on that.
(To be continued)
the bottom of tho water and accumulate there In a reddish brown layer.
It ia now considered established that
the same bacteria cause trouble at
times In municipal water mains, sometimes even causing their complete obstruction.
A unique exhibit of fibre plants and
fibre-working machinery has been held
at Soerabaya, Java, during the past
summer in connection with the Fibre
Congress of the East Indies, which
opened July 3rd. Dutch, Oerman, and
British machinery was represented,
made by Krupp, Benisch, Berand Lle-
bescher, Lees & Co., and Oldham. All
the fibre plants of Java, and many from
the Philippines, Siam, etc., including
sisal, agil, pineapple fibre, banana fibre,
cocoanut fibre, Java cotton, kapok, and
others, were exhibited. One exhibit
showed the natives of Java working
kapok and cotton from the very first
stage of preparing the fibre to the fin
ishing of the woven cloth.
Kapok is the silky fibre surrounding
the seeds of the silk-cotton tree (Ceiba
pantandra), one of the noblest trees of
the tropica. It ia extensively used in
stuffing mattresses, and alto in filling
life-preservers, for which latter uae it
is especially valuable, at it will support a greater weight in water than
any other substance used for thia purpose. A matt of pressed kapok will
support thirty-six or thirty-seven
times its weight.
Sir John Gorst Is trying to rouse the
British mind to a sense of the futility
—even to the vlclousness—of an educational system which bears small relationship to the practical needs of the
time. His indictment ts not lacking
in directnets. "A starved and stunted race," he says, "Is being allowed to
grow up as a legacy for the next generation to deal with, for In most elementary schools children are only
drilled, not educated." Again, "The
higher and university schools are still
fettered by mediaeval systems which
makes the acquisition of learning to
be produced at examinations the mdln
work of the students." It would seem
that the American system Is not the
only one which needs overhauling.
Dr. Ingram says that he was $10,000
richer when he became Bishop of London than he Is now. No one will dispute the bishop's word, but there are
other bishops who have not been similarly Impoverished by their work. Dr.
Ingram says that on one occasion
whon he drove from the House of
Lords to Fulham Palace he gave thc
cabman 2s. Cd. The driver gazed upon
the coin In the way habitual with drivers and said, "If St. Petor had been
Bishop of London do you think he
would have given me only half a
crown?" And the bishop answered,
"If St. Peter hnd been here he would
have been Archbishop of Canterbury,
and the fare to Lambeth Palace la ls."
We are not in a position to dispute
the fare to Lambeth Palace, but we
may believe that if St. Peter were ln
London at the present time he would
not be Archbishop of Canterbury.
Probably he would be In Jail for disturbing the peace or for healing the
sick without a medical diploma.
The organisms commonly denoted
as bacteria are a remarkable class,
not only as regards the intensity of
the actions which they are capable
of exercising, despite their small alte,
but also as regards their extraordinary
variety and versatility. Thut, for Instance, bacteria played a very important role In the decomposition, which
led to the production of the coal measures of our earth. A peculiar group
of bacteria are the so-called "Iron bacteria." These live In highly ferruginous water, and have peculiar power of
extracting the Iron from the water.
Iron ia contained In water In the form
of ferrous carbonate, and It la thit
which It consumed by the bacteria,
who convert It Intn Iron hydroxide.
When these bacteria die they tlnk to
It la only too well known that furs
are subject to the ravages of moths
and other unbidden guests. As a matter of fact, It ts only the akin to which
the fur ia attached that attracta theae
creatures. The idea, therefore, suggests itaelf to a mind sufficiently bold
to mako the step, to substitute aome
other material not adapted aa food
for vermin, in place of the natural
akin. The statement of the problem
Is simple enough, but ita solution Is
one which most people would hesitate
to attempt. Nevertheless, lt appears
that the thing has been successfully
accomplished. The following Is the
method adopted: The fur Is atretched
upon a wooden frame and la then dipped, hair-side down, ln a flat dish, the
dish being filled with water and placed
with the fur In a refrigerating room
and allowed to freeze. When the fur
Is frozen to a solid block, the skin ls
sawed off with a circular saw. It can
be further utilised for the manufacture
of leather. The surface of the Ice
block Is allowed to melt down a small
distance, so as to bring out the ends
of the hairs, and then a number of
layers of rubber solution are applied.
After this has set the ice block Ib
melted off, leaving the hair firmly
seated ln the rubber. The product so
obtained perfectly resembles natural
fur in appearance, but differs from lt
tn being quite unassailable by the vermin which attack the latter,
The odor of the air proves the presence of abnormal constituents and Its
disagreeable character certainly suggests, although it by no means proves,
that they may be harmful. One of
the earliest experiments bearing on
the subject we owe to Brown-Se-
quard. Air was aspirated through a
Belies of bottles ln each of which waB
placed a mouse. Between the fourth
and fifth bottles the air was passtd
through strong sulphuric acid. Brown
Sequard reports that the flrst mouse
to die was In the third bottle, while
the mouse In the fifth survived without 111 effects. It was plausibly assumed that the acid had removed some
poisonous material other than carbon
dioxide. The repetition of this experiment in the hands of competent
observers has at times given similar
results to those of Brown-Sequard
and at other times given divergent
results. Possibly this ls to be explained by the differences ln the rate
at which the air is aspirated through
the bottles or by some other uncontrolled condition of the experiment. It
can hardly be doubted that, under the
given conditions, toxic substances are
added to the air; and, since these are
removed by sulphuric acid, lt Is possible that they are of basic nature.
The presence of toxic constituents
ln the air of a crowded room Is also
Indicated by experiments In which the
i r vapor of the air la condensed
D> cold and the liquid thua obtained
is administered to an animal in one
way or another. While the methods
of work are decidedly open to criticism, It would seem that in many of
them distinctly toxic and even fatal
results have followed. In other experiments large quantities of the air
of the room have been passed through
sulphuric acid, the acid subsequently
neutralized, and the liquid thut obtained haa proved to havo toxic properties.
Assuming that the positive results
from experiments of this kind should
be given greater weight than negative
results, we are still Justified in concluding that only the air of the crowded room contains some poisonous material. We are not Justified in assuming that lt comes from the lungs,
since there Is obviously the possibility
of contamination from the skin, clothing, decaying food particles ln the
mouth, or catarrhal exudates from the
air passages, and the like. This has
an obvious practical bearing on the
older teaching, that while the carbon-
dioxide la not of itself poisonous, It
Indicates the quantity of poisonous
mnterlal present. This cannot be
truo unless the poisonous material
comes from the lungs; and there
seems to be practical agreement that,
when the respired air Is received directly from the trachea of a normal
animal, It Is not only Itself odorless,
but there Is no odor In the liquid obtained when tho tracheal air la condensed by cold; nor do any toxic effects follow the administration of this
condensed liquid to an animal.
word chaos, whllo othera think that
the Sanskrit word akasha—celestial
ether—waa the basic word. Ramsay il
of the opinion that gaa la derived from
the German word gelst. Mora Interesting than the etymology of the word
ls its history. After tbe death of Hel-
mont tt appears to have been entirely
forgotten, and it waa not uaed again
until 1778, when Macquer used It In
his "Dictlonnaire de Chymie." From
there Lavoiae took the word over Into
hie system—tralte elementalre, 17M,
In Germany the word gaa waa flrat
mentioned ln connection with reports
of Montgolfier's balloon ascensions ln
Paris. It was then called "der gas,"
and from that time on the term baa
been In common use. However, J. Chr.
Adelung, a well-known publisher of
dictionaries, used it only with reluctance, calling lt a barbaric word,
wblch Helmont must have taken from
the Hebrew, or perhaps from the
Dutch word geest (spirit), and he
hopes that a more proper word would
be found. But the wlah of Adelung
haa never been fulfilled, and Helmont'a
word haa'been preserved to the present day.
Speaking of various matters, the
San   Francisco  Argonaut   remarks:
"Our exposition managers ought not
to have asked permission to carve
Ban Francisco, 1916," in one of thc
big trees In Sequoia Grove and the Interior Department ought not to have
granted It. It Is quite enough that
fences, dead walls, and house roofs
should be sacrificed to the passion for
advertising •'publicity,' we believe is
now tho phrase. The beauties and
grandeurs of nature should be exempt.
Public resentment against the promoters of the Portola festival for defacing Goat Island has not yet died
out; and it is a demonstrable fact that
resentment against a recent candidate
for sheriff for writing his name across
the face of Twin Peaks contributed to
his defeat. There Is logic and propriety In advertising our coming exposition In reasonable ways', but It is
offensive and outrageous to deface the
Sequoia Grove In exploitation of anything."
It wat the Belgian chemist, Joh.
Baptist van Helmont—1577 to 1644—
who for the flrat time Introduced the
word "gaa" into use, and experts and
philologists have long wondered
whence he derived this expression.
Max Speter gives a lengthy account of
the history of the controversy and the
etymology of the word gas. From thla
It aeemt that Helmont derived thla
word by a transformation of the Oreek i
Strange though It may appear,
wheels were not used generally for
facilitating transit In Britain till comparatively recent ,timeB. The very
flrst carriage waa made for Queen
Elizabeth in 1668; the flrst that plied
for hire In London were ln 1625, and
tho flrst stage coaches were in 1669.
Broadly speaking, all the early wheels
were compression wheels with radial
spokes. The introduction of the suspension wheel for bicycles marked a
great advance ln the shock-absorbing
powers of wheels. The flrst bicycle
wheels were compression wheels, and
had wooden spokes and rim with an
iron tyre. The wheels wero just ordinary light carriage wheels. The curved
member connecting the back axle to
the top of the front wheel Is not altogether unlike that used In the char-
lots of the ancients. Later bicycle,
wheels had radial-wire spokes which,
being in tension, kept the rim ln position. In a suspension wheel the spokes
and hub are ln extension, while the
rim ts in compression. It Is a common,
though not unnatural error to suppose
that the spokes ot a modern bicycle
wheel are sometimes tn compression.
As a matter of fact, they are always .
ln tension, even those between the
hub and the ground, when a heavy
rider Is ln the saddle.
A quarter of a century ago "Alice
In Wonderland," the nursery classic
which has delighted millions of people,
was dramatized, and there Is shortly
to take place at the Empire, Liverpool,
a celebration of this event; for "Alice" '
ls simply worshipped In the north.
The history of "Alice In Wonderland" Is one of peculiar Interest. It
originally consisted of a collection of
verbal storlet with which the author,
the late Rev. Charlet Dodgson—Lewla
Carroll—was wont to delight hla child
He was subsequently persuaded to
publish them In book form, and the
work at once leapt Into widespread
popularity, and Is now recognized aa
being one of the finest worka in the
English language.
It seems almost Impossible that the
writer of a book of such pure Imagination should at the same time distinguish himself in the higher mathematics, and produce auch worka aa
"The Formulae of Plane Trlgnome-
try," "A New Theory of Parallels,"
etc. Yet so lt was, and thla apparent
anomaly ia responsible for an amusing.
Incident at court.
When "Alice In Wonderland" wat
exciting        enthusiastic criticism
throughout the length and breadth of
the land, Queen Victoria, who had
heard of Lewla Carroll's success, aaked that any other books written by the
same author might be sent to her.
You may imagine the Royal surprise
wben an obtruse mathematical volume
was placed In her hands!
This Invention is the product of an
English inventor. In tho course of
some electrical experiments he accidentally pressed a coin, which had
fallen on to the table and waa rolling
off, against a metallic plate covered
with a piece of paper, and at the tame
time against an Insulated electric line.
To hla amazement he saw a sepia
print of the coin Impressed upon the
paper. This happened about twelve
years ago. Since then the inventor
has followed up this observation, and
has now developed a process for printing without ink. He uses dry paper
Impregnated with certain chemicals,
whose nature Is not disclosed. In the
process of printing the paper travels
over a metal plate and the type is
applied on the opposite 'Ide, a current of electricity passing through
the paper. According to the particular
metal used for the sub-stratum, and
according to the mode of Impregnation
of the paper, a great variety of different colors can be produced, so that
multi-color printing becomes an easy
Justice Grantham, the great English
Jurist, who haa Just died In London,
was famoua for the candid expressions
of opinions with whleh he decorated
his conduct on the bench. Here are
some of the decided statements with
which he ta credited:
Counsel very often try to draw a
red herring or a hare across the path
to prevent the Jury seeing what Is the
real Issue." i
"It Is time that some of these publl- ,
cans were strung up by the neck, If
more publicans were prosecuted there
would be less drinking and less crime."
No one ought to take a check from
a bookmaker."
"Farmers are wholly Ignorant of
their own business."
"A husband In certain circumstances
is entitled to box his wife't ears."
"I dislike the Roman Catholic faith
aa much aa anybody,"
It la easy to believe that thete obiter
dicta rarely failed to call forth a protest from the aggrieved victims, but
th* protects had no effect upon th*
Judge. Ra neither retracted, apologised, nor explained. THK TSLANDER. CUMBERLAND. B.C.
When Limbs and Chest Ache
Have you got cold .in your bones?
Have you a bad attack of "general
aching"? You know the feeling. Limbs
ache, muscles seem to have become
tired out, back aches, now and again
a twinge of rheumatism strikes you
here and there. Your qhest feels tight,
and there ls a pain between your
Cold is responsible for this condition, and a vigorous application of
Zam-Buk wlll put you right. Take
' a hot bath, and then rub your chest
and the aching limbs well with Zam-
Mrs. B. Oorle, 76 Berkeley St-. Toronto, writes: "I cannot speak too
highly of Zam-Buk. A few weeks ago
I was Buffering from a bad cold, which
had settled in my throat, chest and
limbs. I tried all kinds of remedies,
new and old and found very Httle relief until 1 used Zam-Buk. On applying this to my throat and chest I found
such ease and relief from the tightness and soreness I determined to use
only Zam-Buk. I also rubbed lt on
my limbs where I felt the rheumatic
paint. In three days from the time 1
flrst began applying ZAm-Buk 1 was
free from the cold in throat and chest,
and also the rheumatism in my limbs."
Zam-Buk will also be found a sure
cure for cold sores, chapped hande,
frost bite, ulcers, blood-poison, varicose sores, piles, scalp sores, ringworm, inflamed patches, babies' eruptions and chapped places, cuts, burns,
bruises' and skin injuries generally,
All druggists and stores sell at 60c.
box, or post free from Zam-Buk Co.,
Toronto, upon receipt of price. Avoid
harmful Imitations ond substitutes.
Head Doctor: How many patients
die I since yesterday!
Head Nurse: Seven.
Head Doctor: But didn't I inject
eight!  ..
(nilauir-mtlor      ~
tod, Bupturc.l,
LbBi Th roir.lro-
i. TttakoBuatll
lona aiuutlon, ■oroncw anil dincoiora-
tlon; rellnires tba pain and tlrodnr: m
Swollen ViricoM Veins £^4
I dls.
 J llr*
Sauces tlio swelling, gradually Tester-
« part to normal Btrcnstb and appearand, ai: i*ii:uiiiI;,Ji:.,iH.i
miU, tute, pleasant antiseptic lint*
•cat, healing and Mottling, Sercro caws whero
trim have ulcoratod and broken have bcen rt m-
Jlo: Mr and permanent!/ cun H. First fow arr1!*
1 oni of AiWOEUijN-E, jk. will gl;e■ rllicl
and prime Iih merit, tliti and $J.oo prr bottlo at
diurTgiaia or delivered. Dotallid direction*, reports
on recont cases and Hook 8 O f roe on request.
tt. F. YOCNG. KD.r.JN ImantWa* Montreal Cn
............-,,-u l>| Mill.. iwH A ii ■ I.i.o », Hlfllilt»>
. - Nnliumal l»gi)-j «uklClwiulOll W.  txuuuititf * OhUbT*
< lir-oiuaH **~* ctm Ua Vtemjemt
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,                   >HkP  tO US
Have you ever heard of a case of
catarrh, tiro.tcliitis, inlUnmialion uf the
lung), or p!j.tri->y that did uot start
wil i a count .m old?
Kvery cold you catch has in it the
nuking of one or oilier of these diseases, if it can break down your defences.
And evcit if it does not develop into
Something more tlingerous, it will keep
you tlu: mghly miserable for a week or
two at least.
The wise course, as soon ns you feel
the cold coming on, is to slut taking
Na-Dr:i-Co Syrup of Linseed, Licorice
and Chlorodyne, and keep it np till the
coin i* knocked ont completely. This
splendid ^O'agh syrup will do the trick
quickly an.l l.ioronghly.
Yon cut (oil•perfectly safe in taklnf
Na-Dru-Co Kvrup of Linseed, Licorice
ami Chlorodyn.-, or in giving it to yonr
clilMreii. We'll (jlilly give your
nhysican a listuf .ts ingredients if yon
l.ke. Your DruggM can supply either
a-c or .wc. bottles. The Notional Drug &
Chemical Co. of Canada. Limited.    117
Discovery of Porcelain in
(Result of Accident in the Qieit of the Philosopher's Stone)
The date of the discovery ln Europe
of porcelain, as distinguished from
earthenware, is known quite exactly,
ln 1708 the professional alchemist
Bottger, ot Meissen, acting under the
Inspiration and assistance" of Augustus the Strong, Elector ot Saxony and
later King of Poland, produced the so-
called red porcelain, using for the
purpose Saxon earth. Incidentally remarked,, this 'inspiration and assistance" consisted in Imprisonment, with
lhe prospect of release only when he
had discovered that "philosopher's"
stone which would change lead Into
gold—the discovery of porcelain being
a aide issue. It was only by accident
that Bottger arrived at the use of
kaolin (or "china" making. Report
says that this happened by some of
lhe powder trom his wig—such powder
being ln fact kaolin or true China clay
falling Into the Ore. lt was not until 1710, however, that he hod succeeded ln manufacturing white porcelain;
or at any rate It was not until this
date that he showed It In public—
namely, at the great Lelpsig "Messe"
or fair. The raw material was for a
long time Imported; but later it wu
found that there was an abundant supply ln Saxony Itself.
But thiB discovery of Bottger, to
whom a statue has been erected In
Meissen—In the "Burg" or castle of
which he had been imprisoned—was
after all but the re-invention of an art
which had been long known to the
Chinese and Japanese—ln faet, Chinese porcelain was In use on the table
of the Elector Augustus himself. There
had of course been many attempts to
produce the thin-glass-like material;
but all in vain—all that had been done
before Bottger's time was to produce
lhe so-called soft or "frit" porcelain,
which resembled the true porcelain tn
iome particulars, and which was manufactured ln France In thc eighteenth
Just how long the Chinese had possessed the secret which refused to
disclose Itself to the European Inventors, has until very shortly been as
aauch a secret as the composition of
hard porcelain was to. the experts of
ihe previous centuries; but now we
:an say that we know with tolerable
.ertalnty about when the Chinese
commenced the manufacture of
'China" ware.
It has long been supposed, by those
who have studied the question, that
the Chinese have known porcelain
ince the sixth century before Christ;
his belief being based upon a state-
-hetrt by the French Jesuit Father d'-
Entrecolles,  who    had    lived  In  the ' lhe same result about 1100 years later.
Thousands Now Use This
Low-Costjjough Syrup
A Family Supply fer We, Saving You {8—
Ths Quickest, Best Thing You Ever
Used, sr Money Rsfundcd.
Ths prompt and positive results given
»y this Inexpensive couch medicine have
caused it to 'be used In mere homes tn
the y. 8. and Canada than any other
cough remedy. It gives instant reller,
and will usually v,-be out the most ob-
annate, dsep-scotcd cough Inside of U
hours. It quickly succeeds, oven In
whooping cough and creep.
A 60-cent bottle cf Plnex, when mixed
with home-made s-a;ar syruo, makes IS
ounces—a faml'.y s'oply—of the most
pleasant and effoctlve cough remedy that
money could buy, at a Bavlng of ?2. Easily prepared ln five minutes—lull directions in package.
Children take Plnex Cough Syrup wit-
llngly, because It tactes good, lt stlmu-
lates the appetite, and Is slightly laxative—both excellent features, splendid
for hoarseness, throat tlck'.e. bronchitis.
etc., and a prompt, successful remedy
for Incipient lung trouble.
Plnex Is a special ar.d highly concentrated compound of imported Norway
White Plno extract and Is rich In guala-
401 and other natural healing pine ete.
'monts. Simply mix it with emrnr syrup
cr strainsd honsy, in a 16-os. bottle, and
it Is reedy for use,
Plnex haa often been Imitated, out
never successfully, for nothing else will
product the same results. The genuine Is
guaranteed to give absolute satisfaction
er money refunded. Certificate of guar-
antes ls wrapped In each package. Your
druggist has Plnex or will gladv get It
for you. If not, lend to The Plnex Co.,
Toronto, Ont.
"Middle Kingdom," und who based his
assertion on Chinese Informxtlun. All
belief In a still earlier origin—and
this belief has long obtained among
many who are Interested In .the subject—Is based upon too little recorded
evidence to be considered as of any
value. The "Chinese porcelain," found
In 1834 in an Egyptian grave of 1800
B.C., proved to be a fraud of the commonest sort
But now having the advantage of
long and careful research, Herr Ernst
Zimmerman, Curator of the world-
famous Royal Porcelain Collection in
Dresden, has come to the conclusion
that Chinese porcelain was invented
toward the end of the fifth century
of our era; and he names as the Inventor the MiniBter of Public Works,
of that time, Ho Chou. This Ho Chou
is Bald to have been a collector and
connoisseur of old painting and the
like, and to have had a very thorough
knowledge of antiquities. This was
at a period when unfortunately the
art of gloss-making had been lost for
some time, as that of hardening bronse
is to us; and while the workmen did
not dore to make new experiments, he
succeeded ln making out ot "green"
porcelain, vessels which resembled the
long wlshed-for glass. Records of the
same period go to show that workmen then had succeeded ln making
vessels which were "white and brilliant as Jade."
Prior to this time, says Zimmerman,
the Chinese records concerning porcelain are scarce and unsatisfactory.
During the Tang dynasty—618 to 007
ot our era—on the other hand, there
commences a series ot praises of the
ceramic manufacturers of the time.
Earlier records concerning ceramics
can In no wise be considered as referring to porcelain; while there la no
difficulty In recognizing in later descriptions the true hard porcelain. In
fact, in tho records above referred to,
not only the time of the invention Is
mentioned, but even the way ls pointed
out by which lt was arrlvec] at, the
production of a material the qualities
of which lay between those of the
previous ceramic wares and those of
ln any case, Bottger, of Meissen,
was the flrst European who succeeded
tn producing, by ceramic process, a
ware "between glass and pottery." So
we may set It down as proved that Ho bolt screws into a nut; some a're driven
Chou Invented the true hard porcelain in anil some slide into grooves and re-
about the end of the fifth or the be- semble a piece of knife blade. The
ginning of the sixth century after style of calk that screws in is genor-
Christ;  and that  Bottger arrived at ally uaed in and around the cities, and
this cause are indeed more numerous
than the deaths due to limitations of
aeroplanes and unsuitable atmospherical conditions. A dozen good flyers
were killed ln the last two years ba-
cause they were overconfident.
The responsibility of aeroplane
builders Is general and often direct.
No matter what may cause the fall of
an aeroplane the fate of the pilot when
he strikes the ground Is largely governed by the construction of the machine. If a machine ls strongly built
the aviator tn a fall stands a chance
of escaping with nothing more than a
shaking or Injuries. A weak machine
on the other hand, will collapse at the
impact of the fall and the aviator may
be pinned to the ground by the motor.
Thero are several kinds of adjustable
calks on the market, that is, calks that
can be removed anil also replaced without taking the shoe off of the foot.
Somo are threaded and screw into holes
made in the shoo for that purpose, as a
In studying the physiological aspects
of ventilation it is of practical importance to distinguish between what may
be caned the acute effects of exposure
of an hour or so to vltiatod air, and
those effects which are produced by
prolonged exposure to such air. While
the line cannot be sharply drawn between them, Btill it would seem that
tho toxic material acting-for loug periods of time should produce a cumulative undermining of health quite different from the immediate acute interference with the running of the human
mechanism which all have experienced
after half an hour's stay in a crowded
room. Toxic material, so far as it
is a factor, does harm chiefly if not i»n-
tirely when it acts over comparatively
long periods, and wa must seok elsewhere the explanation of the acute effects. They are sufficiently familiar to
all; tbe dull heavy feeling; at times
headache; the difficulty of sustaining
attention, or even of keeping awake
while listening to an address. Restlessness also develops, and this is often the expression of actual discomfort.
The symptoms are strikingly similar
to thoso experienced in the warm muggy days of summer time, and in two
respects the atmospheric conditions in
the two cases are the Bame; namely, the
high temperature and the high degree
of humidity. Evry breath of expired
air leaves the nostrils at almost the
temperature of tbe body, and saturated
with aqueous vapor. The result Is thi
most unfavorable of conditions for the
maintenance of the constant temperature of the body, in the effort to maintain which resort is had to vascular aud
other adjustments, which, while successful in their immediate object, are unfavorable for other phsyiological activities. So important is this maintenance of the constant temperature that
almost everything else, such as digestion, mental work, and the like is sacrificed to it.
A constant temperature means, of
course, the maintenance of equality between the heat production and the heat
output of the body. Heat production,
when tho body is not engaged in muscular activity, is, to all intents and
purposes, constant above 68 or 70 dog.
Fahr. At these temperatures it docs
not vary with external climatic conditions, and is not influenced by vqutila
How Aviators are Killed
Make the Liver
Do its Duty
itomsch sad bowels tra right
gtndy but Grra.y ca
pel s Isiy Itnr lo
do iu duly.
Htadadu, a»J Distress afar Eating.
hill NL fata Dw, tmaU Mm
Genuine *-*- Signature
The reaaon ao many aviators are
killed or injurod—the cause of one
hundred sccidents and sixty deaths, or
ilose to two-thirds of the casualties of
tho aviation field—is not, as generally
supposed, an excessive element of
danger In flying due either to the
limitations of the aeroplane or to the
helplessness of thc aviators in unsettled
atmospheric conditions. These are but
minor factors, boing responsible for less
than one-third of the accidents that
have happened In air flight.
The aviation death-roll comprises
tae names of about one hundred mon
who have lost tbelr lives on tho aviation field in a littlo over three years.
To attribute all these deaths and accidents to the advancement of the now
science would bo little Bhort of a libel
ou aviation as a profession as well SB
an applied science. Lieutonant Sel-
fridge, Captain Ferbor, Leon Dela-
grange, Charles Wachter, Charles S.
Rolls, George Chavez, Lieutenant
Princeton, Lieutonant Ridge, Captain
Englehardt, ami a few others, about
twenty in all, may be said to have given
thoir lives for tho advancement of
seionee, for they met their deaths in
the first accidents of different kinds
and theso accidents had value fer the
lessons which they taught. These
deaths may be regardede as the cost In
flesh and blood of developing tho new
invention. But twonty deaths and
about fifty accidents are all that can
properly be charged to this account.
Tho rest lost their lives, either because
tbey undertook to lly without proper
qualifications or training; or because
they became careless anil broke tho
rules of safe flying for the Bake of gain
or reputation; or because tho makers
of their aeroplanes were so pressod
with orders that thoy eould not stop to
npi'ly moans of safety, or were so luroil
by tho vision of returns and prestige
to bo galnod by speedy and light machines that they overlooked tho element
of safety.    In any event, tho deaths
are a good show shoe; the simplicity
witb which the dull calk can be removed and a sharp one replaced, mako them
a favorite for the city snow path.
There is generally one calk uaed In each
heel and two in the too, but some use
three in the toe and also an extra one
at the outside quarter, especially in
tne hind shoe. As stated before, tbis
is a good shoo on the snow path, but
is of little benefit on the hard ice, ns
the calks, for a race horse, are not long
or sharp enough, and also four or live
This was especially true in tbe of this type of calk aro insufficient li)
cases of O. Kreamer, Mr. Penot, A. V.
Hurtle and W. A. Purvis in America;
F. Wiescnbacli, H. Bochmuller and L.
Liere in Europe. All of theso lost
their lives through thc combination of
inexperience and bad machines, ln
each caso tho would-bo flyer undertook
to fly without knowing even the rudiments of the profession and used a
machine that was bound to collapse at
the smallest shock. The other thirteen
had good maehinea, but lacked tho
training to operate them. Paillole, for
instance, undertook to fly across
country with only one week of training; Carlos Tenauil tried to fly over a
town with no more knowledge than he
had gathered in a fow weeks of self-
teaching; V. Smith tried to fly in winds
when hia experience was confined to
what he had learned in a half dozen
This—tho tendency of the beginners
to uhdertako big feats—is one of the
most deplorable features of aviation.
Most of thoso who enter the aviation
Hold to fly think that flying is the easiest thing in tho world and seldom go
to the extent of loarning more than the
rudiments of piloting an aeroplane before engaging themselves as professional flyors.
Tho exhibition Hold bas ever spelt
death and destruction for aviators and
maehinea. Here the greed of tho promoter, tho ignorance of tho crowd and
the anxiety of the flyer to gain or
maintain a reputation combine Tn making aviation appear a very deadly gamo,
Vory often promotors of meets do
not know anything about flying machines and the problems of power-
flight. They promote meets just aa
ihey would promote a circus, and they
expocL flyers to perform under any
conditions, like clowns. When they
engage a llyer they require of him—
and set It down In black and white In
contracts—that he perform certain
'stunts;" lf ho does not do so he will
from   these   causes  woro'entirely   un-, not be pnld.   Their favorite flyers are
necessary and avoidable those who risk their lives to electrify
The casualties duo to the inexperi-  tho spectators,
ence of the aviator are more numerous     The crowd ls often no better than
than the f-nsunltics due to any othor | the promoters, lt does not understand
cause,   inoxperlence   boing  responsible' (he   subtler   problems   of   flight  and,
nalfTtrt'cilnls^wentv8 m"ell' ^'"2 ""TS .Z*^ .* *" ^ «»' *"™y. »<*»<"' at the" exponio of
lost tlieir ive. Inthe^latuIrvaLrtSl'mS0M'bl.ft ^ ' ■!hey fa" '° T" U. the other.     Thus sleep is accotntianieil
tost tneir lives n tne last twelve months l0 expectations they accuse  them of •,„    |n»ronqo,l    cutaneous    circulation-
because of their inexperience with fly- belnK fakers. It Is this that has sent ^aki "C',f ™L ffby a sudden mark
inn machines.   These wore moat v cases _ 1° . «  .. ... .. .... .-a ™ki"B la preceiieu uy a suuuen, niarn
procure secure footing, as the ico, bo
ing brittle, breaks away as tho calk
sinks into It, and It leaves no foothold
for the propelling forco, especially of
the hind limbs.
ln many countries where ice racing is
in vogue, they Btill stick to tho old
stylo "chisel calk." This as Its name
implies, is a calked shoe with tho heel
calks turned up and drawn to a sharp
edgo and about three-quarters of au
inch high, the toe calk is welded
straight across the toe, and is given
quite a slant toward the front so as
to stick upright into the ice as the
foot is leaving the surface. This elyps
a good toe purchase to get away from.
This shoe is moBtly used in tho for
northern ice racea. Thoy also use a
four calked shoe that is forged out uf
a solid pioce of stool. This obliterates
all chances of a' calk becoming lost or
knocked off during ll raeo, which would
be a serious handicap indeed. This
four calked shoe has calks similar to
tho chisel pattern, one at each liccl,
the outside heel calk boing of tbo side-
calk typo, running lengthways, liio
too calk is straight across and thero is
one extra calk at tho quarter to assist
in proventing tho foot from slipping
sideways. These calks, tho same as
the chisel calks, are from one-half to
three-quarters of an inch high and enter tho ice far enough so it ean not all
chip away and thereby they furnish a
firm foothold.
Tho sole objection, of course, to tbis
or tho chisel calkod shoe, is that, owing to tho depth thoy enter the ice,
whilo they give firm footing, it is bound
to tiro un animal, not only on account
ot the depth the calks outer the ice,
but an animal Bhod with calks of tbis
length must necessarily pick his feot up
considerably higher than if ho wore
shod with shortor calks, or plain. It
is surprising how a low-gliding going
trotter will act up when placed upon
a set of these long, sharp calks, an.l as
it enforces unnatural action, it uiiist
naturally be tiresome.
Between the circulation in the skin
anil that in tho brain there is a very
dose correlation; one Is generally, if
ing machines. These wore mostly esses
where would-be aviators, eager to win
prizes of gold and fame, entered the
exhibition field with hardly any training or qunlificationa, often using self-
mado, crude contraptions for flying,
that were absolutely unfit to go in tbe
Asthma Doesn't Wsar Off Alone. Do
not make the mistake of waiting for
asthma to wear away by itself. While
you are waiting the disease Is surely
gathorlng a stronger foothold and you
llvo In danger of stronger and yet
stronger attacks. Dr. J. D. Kellogg's
Asthma Remedy taken early, will prevent Incipient condition from becoming chronic and saves hours of awful
a dozen of flyers to the hospital and
several to the grave ln the last six
months, ns flyers usually prefer to face
any danger than to being called cowards or fakers.
The factor that has killed many experienced aviators Is carelessness, lt
ls an accepted truism ln aeronautical
circles that It takes an experienced
flyer to mnke flying a dangerous profession. That la because some flyers
have a tendency to become over-confident and careless.   The deaths due to
ed cutaneous constriction. Mental
work, especially that involving Interest and attention, is accompanied by
still further limitations of the flow of
blood to tho skin. Convorscly, whenever tho cutaneous vessels aro made to
dilate, as on tho warm, muggy day,
the quantity of blood flowing through
the brain is lessened. In these facts
wo probably find the truo explanation
of the dull heavy feeling, tho difllculty
ol attention, and tho discomfort both
on tho muggy summer day ami of the
Only the uninformed endure the
agony of corns. Tho knowing ones
apply Holloway's Corn Cure and get
evnnc rniiruc heals thr mings
STOPS COUGHS 4-Kict. ai c«Mi
crowded ill-ventilated room. Tt is not
impossible, too, that tho unfavorable
circulatory conditions in other organs
as well as the disagreeable sensation of
au overheated skin contribute to the
interference with working power.
"My one wish will be," writes Harry
P. Pollard, a well known boot and shoe
traveler of Hartford, "that everyone
with a bad sumach may learn as 1
did before It's too late, that Nervillne
is the one remedy to cure. Why, I
was in mighty bad shape, my digestion
Was all wrong, and every night I would
waken up with a start and And my
heart Jumping like a threshing machine. This was caused by gas In my
stomach pressing against my heart.
When I started to use Nervillne I got
better mighty fast. It ls certainly a
grand remedy for the travelling man,
Keeps your stomach in order, cures
crumps, prevents lumbago or rheumatism, breaks up chest colds and sore
throut—In fact, there hasn't been an
ache or pain, inside or outside, for the
past two years that I haven't cured
with Nervillne. Do you wonder I recommend it?"
then made the flrst public statement
of the fact that only a few days ago
a marvel of engineering had quietly
been completed at Nauen, which could
be considered a world wonder of at
least the same ordor as the Eiffel
Tower. In spite o{ i iolent gales blowing recently, the Telefunken Company
had In fact succeeded ln the daring
task of putting another tower of
equal height on top of the freely oscillating iron tower, resting only on a
point in a ball joint and kept vertical
by three steel cables, The Telefunken tower of Nauen with Its present
height of 660 feet is, after the Eiffel
Tower, the highest building and, Incidentally, the most daring structure
in the-world.
Swedish engineers are engaged in n
lively discussion of a scheme suggested
by Mr. Wiltaniler, for transmitting any
Burplus electrical energy from the" huge
Trollhattan falls to Stockholm. The
whole of central Sweden is to be covered with n large network of electrical
conductors, the Trollhattan lines being
linked up with other sources of electrical energy nnd especially with the largo
Dnlnfven waterfalls recently ocquiii-1
by the city of Stockholm. This schemo
would promote tho distribution nf elec
trical energy to the small industries,
and while satisfying the euergy requirements of the Swedish capital for a
conaiderablo .imp lo como, .voulit dispose of the project of exporting Trollhattan energy to Denmark. It is rfven
thought that the Trollhattan-iHtiickholin
power transmission scheme may furnish
electric heating for tho apartment
houses of the capital.
At the congress of the Oerman Shipbuilding Society. Director Bredow of
thc Telefunken Company delivered an
Interesting lecture on the recent progress In win less telegraphy, especially
ln connection with ship Installations.
A wireless connection between Germany nnd her colonics, Implying spans
of up to 3,700 miles, would by no
moans seem to be Impracticable, for
even now the huge radlo-telegraphlc
station of Nauen near Berlin, with Its
tower of 330 feet and only 100 horsepower consumption, has bridged distances  of  3,100  miles.      Dr.  Bredow
Mr. Chesterton seems to be fond of
the public debate. A few months ago
he discussed the woman's question
with a suffragette leader, and now we
read of the crowds that came to the
Memorial Hull In London to witness
the duel between him and Mr. O. B.
Shaw. The question for debate was
In terse and colloquial terms. Mr.
Shaw moved a resolution to the effect
"that a democrat who is not also a
socialist Is no gentleman." Mr. Chesterton asserted the negative, to the
effect that a democrat who Is not a
socialist is, or at least may be, a gentleman. Mr. Shaw Is tull and thin.
Mr. Chesterton Is—not thin, and so the
antithesis was physical as woll as
mental. Mr. Chesterton was slightly
supercilious, Ironic, mocking, and for
once in his life Mr. Shaw was forced
Into fiery exposition and seemed for
the moment'actually to believe some
of what he said. Mr. Hilaire Belloe
was in the chair, and although the
question at Issue was not put to the
vote, everyone seems to havo had a
good time. Neither Mr. Shaw nor Mr.
Chesterton took any notice of the
other's arguments, and so when Mr.
Chesterton said that a man had as
muoh right to own a piece of land as
to own his arms and his legs, Mr.
Shaw said that It was a burning outrage that thousands of pounds should
be paid for a Jewel While the market
valuo of a baby was nothing at all.
Naturally no conclusion was reached
except that Mr. Shaw Is capable of
emphasized declamation and that Mr.
Chesterton can stir him to display It
Tho longevity of artists is almost
proverbial, and tho case of Thomas
Robert, Macquold, who, at ninety-
one, is still painting, is remarkable, but
not unparalleled. T. S. Cooper, R.A.,
exhibited at tho Koyal Academy for
soveral yoars aftor passing his ninetieth birthday; John Massey Wright, a
water-color artist, born in 1773, was
fully occupied and in active work up
to tho time of his doath at the age of
uinoty-thrce. Most notable, however,
was Titian, who, born in 1477, lived
just ono year short of a century, ami
continued to pnint pictures until' the
very laBt.
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Murine Kye Waive In At>«p'ic Tubes, 'iiv. uud Mh.*.
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The efficacy of Blckle'a Antl-Con-
sumpttvo Syrup in curing coughs and
colds and arrestln? inflnmmutlon of
the lungs, can be established by hundredth of testimonials from all sorts
nnd conditions of men. It is a standard
remedy in these ailments and alt affections of the throat and lungs. It
is highly recommended by medicine
vendors, because they know and appreciate its value as a curative. Try lt.
Rifles For Huntinj
Shoot a Winchester once and
you will shoot a Winchester^
always: That's because Win^f'
Chester rifles after a test of.
over thirty years represent 1
today in accuracy, reliability*
and quality, the highest development in gunmaking. Whatever your
preferences may be, some one of the nine"
different Winchester models will surely suit;'-.
for they are made in all calibers and weights. I
Pl.nuir B lini takaa the plnce of Lath, mid is fireproof.
The "Emipre" brands of Woodfiber and Hard wall
Plaster for aond oon .truotlon,
The Manitoba Gypsum Co., Ltd.
mmm fsms
P--l»;islied   every   Saturday   at  Cumberland,   B.C.,
Islander Printing & Publishing Company
W. R. Dunn & Company, Proprietors.
W. R. Dunn, Manager.
SATURDAY, FEB, 17,      ID 12.
CAPITAL, - $10,000,000"
Advertising rates published elsewhere in the pnper.
Subscription price $1.50 per year, pnynble in advance.
The editor docs  not hold   himself responsible for views expressed by
What the Editor has to say.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite, tbe Socialist, bas had another
"turn," if we may be pardoned the expression. At a public
meeting in the Grand Theatre in Vancouver Sunday evening,
be exclaimed concerning the Union Jack:
'The moment the majority ol the  working
people—the only useful people—decide that they
don't want the old rag, they have the constitutional right to tear it down and make a mock of
it—to wash some of the blood stains out of it."
R is doubtful if Mr. Hawthornwaite really believes  this
ihmji iiovv'i in his heart.    Certainly no intelligent person does.
No one Ims the right to tear the Union Jack down, and besides it would be an exceedingly dangerous pastime.
Every person who is at all up in history, knows wbat tbe
Union Jack stands for, what it has done for humanity and the
world. To hear this gentleman one would think the British
Rnlii ft ,,i'i\ pnrticnlarly the Canadian workman, were the most
abject; abused autl downtrodden wretch in existence. Even
our schoolboys know this is not true. Error and perhaps to
a limited extent abuse of labor may exist, but in nine cases out
often, it i.s due to faulty conditions and laws rather than to
intent. Mr. Hawthornthwaite is but a superficial student if
be has not noted that the Canadian suhject and workman are
day by dav, and by the common sense use of the ballot, slowly
■..... . •'■ • -""t, iin-ot. • vi.a lie is ■ nl M]j in political economy and but an indifferent observer, if be has not noted that
the Union Jack has brought to the Canadian people more of
freedom, more of right and justice, has made of the world a
pleasanter and more fit place to live in than any other flag has
to any people on the face of the earth.
We have no desire to "slobber" over the Union Jack, but,
right is right and justice is justice, and both are very far removed from the mouthings of Mr. Hawthornthwaite.
 REST,-  $8,000,000
The Canadian Bank of Commerce extends to Farmers every facility
for the transaction of their banking business including the discount and
collection of sales notes. Blank sales notes are supplied free of charge
on application.
Accounts may be opened at every branch of The Canadian Bank of
Commerce to be operated by mail, and will receive the same careful
attention as is given to all other departments of the Bank's business.
Money may be deposited or withdrawn in this wuy as satisfactorily as
by a personal visit to the Bank. 4231
There certainly was an ancient aud fish like smell the
other day in Belfast wheu Lord Pirrie, who presided at the
liome rule meeting, was greeted by the populace with a shower
ot herring and eggs.
to It.? nrcr.t >iiity falls of mow, Ihey bate bren unable to nuke
their fall delivery at early aa pros, iard. They hope, however, to have
tbeir lull tlipment made In course of a week or so.
It ii not too late to order NOW for thii shipment.
Vancouver Island Nursery Co.,
Somenos, V.I.
On Little River Road Five minutes walk
from sehool, postoffice and store. Ten minutes'
walk from beach. All have a Good Frontage on
a good government road. Land is Good, surface
Leve!, and not stony. Price 00 per acre, Very
easy term.
The Island Realty Co.
1 Fire, Life, Live Stock
I . . Accident
Phone 22.
Courtenay, B. C
Now conies an order from Mexico for one million bushels
of Canadian wheat. This shows two things; That our prairie farmers are in luck aud that the Greasers know good wheat
wheu tbey see it.
TilE washout of the big dnm at Union Bay is quite a serious loss both to the company and quite a number of individuals. This is one of those disasters termed by the courts "a visitation of Providence." So far as we can learn there was neither lack of skill in the building nor carelessness in the maintenance of the dam. For weeks there has been an unsual heavy
downpour of rain, overcoming the dam.
Display Advertisements
75 cents' per column inch per month.
Special.rate for half page or more.
Condensed Advertisements
1 cent 1 word, 1 issun ; minimum charge 25 cents.
No accounts run for this clans of advertising
All Kinds of Hauling Done.
First te liis For Hire.
Orders Promptly Attended to
Pilsener Beep
The product of Pure Malt and
Bohemian Hops
Absolutely no chemicals used
in its manufacture
Bottled Beep Supplied to the Trade Only.
=53 Best on the 6oast=ss
Pilsenep Brewing Co..    Cumbertand. B.C.
BLANLETS, Regular price SG.00 HOW $4.50
BLANKETS, Regular price 4.75 NOW  3.5o
FLANNELETTE SHEETS, size 12-4, reg 2.00 NOW  I.60
FLANNELETTE SHEETS, size 11-4, reg 1.75 NOW 140
COMFORTERS, regular price 3.o0 NOW  2.2b
COMFORTERS, regular price 3.25 NOW 2 SO
A Complete Stock of Furniture and House
Furnishings always on hand.
"The Furniture Store"
McPhee Block A.   McKINNON      Cumberland, B.O
jmi^Mm m_i_m-mmB,mmmrm± jfo. ^ft.  ^X.   ^CCtbvtctt
eaf: §$iate
Offices: Comox & Courtenay.
Agents for E. Sc N. Lands,
Comox District.
H. H. M. Beadnell
"Leading Tebacco King."
Better known aa
Dealer In Fruits, Candy, Cigars
and Tobacco.
t:__ Billiard Room in connection
Horseshoeing a  Specialty
Third Ave., Cumberland
Grocers & Bakers
Dealers In all kinds of Good
Wet Goods
Best Bread and Beer In Town
Agents for Pilsener Beer
:   :   CEIVED   :    :    :
Up-to-date Merchant Tailor
The Club Cafe
Courtenay, B. C, Next Door to Opera House
White Cookine
and White Help Only,
Everything First Class
Barrister,   Solicitor   and
Notary Public.
The right place for a good square and
^ T-^"~ gffiffl&k-m            WBiW.
^agjSffljft }i__: _ 'MoM-^M
Success. It i% Favored by Home People
If beeps jou posted oa liome affairs
The Very BEST in Commercial
Job Printing
Practical  Watchmaker
All Work Guaranteed
tete a Sur.
Dunsmuir Ave   :::  Cumberland
Original Owners of this whole townsite. Write
me for information and prospectus, Also some
good reliable lots in Victoria, South Vancouver,
and Courtenay.     LOCAL FARM PROPERTY
NewC. P. R. Terminal.
F. E. P. BISCOE, Agent for the
§H1 °"ices next Royal Bank'C0l,RTENAV. b. c. mg
Painter and
AU Work Done under
Personal Supervision
Orders may be left at
John Jack' store,
Dunsmuir Avenue   Cumberland
Union Loimi No  11, I. O. 0. F.
Meeta every Friday evening »», 7 "clock
In 1. 0. 0. F. Hull.    Visiting brethetn
Jas. E, Aston. Secretary
For The
DAVIS & WHELAN,    Props.
ao?. 18
Third St Se Penrith Avenue
All kinds of hauling done
First-class Rigs for Hire
Livery and team work promptly
attended to
The finest hotel in the city.
We have Finished Stock Taking, and all Heavy
Must be Sold at Once
Regardless of Cost
NOW is the Time
To Purchase, as they will
not Last Many Days.
sun urn k co., um. THE TSUNDER. CUMBERLAND. RC.
Anaemic Mothers
Here is Relief
Sufferer of Twenty Yeara Statea Dr.
Hamilton'* Pilla Are a Real Cure
"I can't remamber uny timo during
the past 20 years when my head wasn't aching. It 1 bent over, durk specks
would come before my eyes, and lt
seemed ua It ull the blood in my body
wanted to rush to the heud." Thus
opens the letter of Mrs. Enoch S.
Spry, of Putnam P.O., and continuing
her interesting statement she says:
"Work or exertion made my heart beat
terrible, and going up stairs caused
such shortness of breath that it fairly
frightened mo. My doctor told me that
if thut waa the causo Dr. Hamilton's
I'ills are the greatest blood renewer on
earth. I tell you how I feel to-day und
you can understand whut a great cure
Dr. Hamilton's Pills have made.
I feel strong enough now to work
like a man, as for going up stairs on
tho run, it doesn't bother me at all.
I eat and sleep aa any well person
ought, and aa for dizziness which
used to frighten me ao much, it has
entirely disappeared. Dr. Hamilton's
Pitla are a wonderful woman's medicine. They helped me in other ways,
too, and I know every woman that
uses them will have comfort and good
health." Refuse anything offered you
Instead of Dr. Hamilton's Pills of
Mandrake and Butternut, 2Rc por box.
All deulera or the Catarrhozone Co.,
Kingston, Ontario.
That Reminds Ne
A company has been formed in Jackson, Michigan, to manufacture a moving picture earner.', thc invention of a
Jackson man, which is as small and
light as the average kodak. It is declined that this new camera means an
enormous extension of the field for
portable camoruu. People travelling
may take motion pictures of the places
they see, later to convert the films into reels for private homo entertainment.
To stuw away tho contents of the
Pacific Ocean it would be necessary to
fill a tank ono mile long, one mile wide,
und oue mile deep every day for 440
years. The figures of the other oceans
arc in tho same startling proportions.
It would take all tbe sea water in the
world 2,000,000 years to flow over Niagara.
On the island of Jersey the breeding
of cattle is Btill systematically and
cnrefully carried on. The authorities
are particular that the island be kept
immune from cattle diseases. Neither
bo vines nor hay and straw may land
from thc continent of Kurope.
Cor. Portage Ave. and Fort St.
Awarded Iimt prize at World'a Ex-
. position un IU work and methods.
Writo for a freo catalogue.   We alio
give instruction by mail.
Beef Hides
to us and get 20 per cent
more for them than at. home.
Write to us for our new
price list S and we will mail
you one free. Watch this
ad. weekly.
Wc solicit your shipments
for Beef Hides. Raw Purs.
Wool. Tallow. Seneca Root,
Home Hair. Sheep Pelts, etc.
North-West Hide
& Fur Co.
278 Rupert St.     Winnipeg. Nu.
At the Zoo two little girls were pnss-
Ing the parrots, sitting un perches out
uf doors.
"Ow—Glad-ys, Glud-ys, come 'ere!"
"Wot forV"
"Ow, look!   'Ero's a Jew duck!"
Reading that a red chequer homing
pigeon, wearing a blue enamel ring
marked 1811 L.8945, had been found
at Swell, Surrey, an old lady remarked
lhat It was terrible how the love uf
Jewelry appeared to be spreading
among all classes.
"Who's that man who Just kicked
the chair over ttnd threw a pack of
cards Inlo the fireplace?" inquired one
"Oh,"  replied  the  other,   "he's  tho
gentleman who tries to rest his nerves
by pluylng solitaire."
.   *   .
The City of Chicago has decided to
build a hume for disabled poets. Such
un Institution has become more than
ever a necessity ln this age of motor
tralllc. Fow persons have any Idea of
the number of poets who are run over
each year while out for a walk composing their masterpieces.
The defence was Ingenious, not to say
ingenuous, but the facts wore very
black. Prisoner's counsel waa winding up hla impassioned appeal.
"I venture to say that the prisoner's
story," he said, "carries conviction on
the face of it."
"It does," said tho magistrate, with
a gentle yawn; "six months of It."
"Why did you select Charles Instead
of Oeorge?" asked Maude..
"Well," replied Maymle, "George
said 1 had eyes like violets, cheeks like
wild roses, shell-like ears and lips like
"Very pretty."
"Yes. But Charles said I had eyes
like diamonds, teeth like pearls and
lips like rubies. It seemed to me that
his Ideals were much more practical."
* .    •
Onee an old Scotch weather prophet
at Whlttlnghame Informed Mr. Balfour that "It's gaun to rain seventy
twa days, sir."
"Come, come!" said the statesman.
"Surely tho world was entirely flooded
in forty days."
"Aye, aye," was the response, "but
the warld wasna' sao woel drained as
It is -the noo."
The boy's fishing-pole was fastened
under tho root of a tree on the river
bank, and he was sitting in the sun
playing with a dog.
"Fishing?" Inquired a man passing
along the road.
"Yes," answered the boy as briefly.
"Nice dog you've got there. What's
his name?"
"Fish? That's a queer name for a
dog.   What did you call him that for?"
"'Cause he wonH bite."
Then the man proceeded on his way.
Mme. Melba tells a story of a little
American millionaire.
"He stopped at the Savoy Hotel with
his tutor and governess," she said,
"und one night the two guardians
went to the opera, leaving him alone
in his apartment with his toys.
"About nine o'clock his bell rang
furluusiy. Ho didn't understand the
telephone, and one of the assistant
managers hurried to his suite and
"'Did you ring, sir?' he asked.
" 'Yes,' said tho llttlo fellow. 'Please
send someone to    hear    me say my
.   *   .
Skeezick's car had turned turtle, and
as he sat gloomily contemplating the
situation Uncle Silas reined ln his nag
and stopped outside.
Turned over, hain't she?" he observed.
"Yep," said Skoozick, shortly.
"Want to sell?" asked Uncle Silas.
"Yes," said Skeoxlck. "I'll sell out
"What's your upset prico?" asked
Uncle Silas with a grin.
Father (Impressively): Suppose I
should be taken away suddenly, what
would become ot you, my boy?"
Irreverent Son: I'd stay here. The
question   ls,  What  would  become  ot
• .    •
Ho was u poor, miserable-looking
dog, and thc stranger's heart was Ailed with pity. For the dog was howling, and 11 was only too evident that
he was suffering pain. So he asked
the tired rustic who lounged near why
Ibe dog howled.
'"lm?" asked tho rustic. "Ho's Just
lazy, that's all."
"But laziness doesn't make a dog
howl, surely?" queried the benevolent
"Does 'lm," said the tired owner..
"Only  lazy."
"But how," queried the persistent
questioner—"how can laziness make
i him howl?"
"Well,    you    seo,"    said  the rural
■ lounger,   "that  pore  dog  Is  slltln'  pn
some real, tough thistles, and he's too
lazy to gel off, so ha Just sits there and
I howls 'cause it hurts so."
.    .   .
The second-floor room of the little
'cottage was decorated with a shrivelled last year's Chrlslmas wreath, depending  from   Ihe  creased  and  torn
j blind, and on either side of the wreath
] were pinned  little lings.    It gave the
cottage a particularly featlve appenr-
: unce.   One of the neighboring women,
' a broad and buxom person, of middle
j uge, stopped In passing and looked at
the window curlouily, and as she did
so a little old woman, as withered and
shrivelled   as   the  Christmas   wreath,
came and bid her "Good morning."
"Good mornin' to you. Mrs. Cowley,"
said the neighbor, cordially.   "It's col-
Doesn't  Disturb  the  Stomach,   Ea...
at Once and Cur.. Thoroughly
Shiloft's G lire
Because you are old is no reason
for suffering with everlasting coughing—those terrible chest troublea and
dillicult breathing can be thoroughly
cured with Catarrhozone. You simply
breathe the healing vapor ot Catarrhozone, and instantly its rich balsamic
fumes are carried by your breath into
the tiniest recesses of the nose, throat,
chest, bronchial tubes and lungs.
Just think of it—a direct breathable
medicine, full ot soothing antiseptic
pine essences, that reaches every sore,
congested membrane tn two seconds.
No drugs to take—nothing to harm or
sicken the stomach, because Catarrhozone la the purest, safest cough, catarrh and cold remedy ever devised.
"For many yearn," writes Richard
McCallum, Stirling, Ont., "I hava suffered from Catarrh, and continually
hawked and coughed, ae that my
throat was alwaya in an inflamed, irritable condition.
"Doctors' medicine did not help ma
In th* least, and all other rem.diee I
uaed waro quit* useless. In ono eaaa
it waa timo wasted in anuffing powder
up the nose; in anothor uaing a groaay
ointment, and ao on. Not ona of tham
waa tha leaat bit of good.
"I heard Catarrhozone favorably
spoken of, and triad it. Really it benefited ma mora in a faw houra than
yeara of treatment with doctors' and
other  so-called   remedies.
"Receiving sueh immena* benefit, I
continued uaing Catarrhozono, and in
a few weeks I was- completely cured of
Catarrh and throat troublo."
Get Catarrhozone to-day. Large
size costs $1.00, and lasts two months.
Smaller sizes 25c. and 50c. All dealers, or The Catarrhozone Company,
Buffalo, N.Y., and Kingston, Ont.
With the Horses
ibratln' ye are 1 see b' th' decorations,
an* moighty foine tliey look. Ye must
b'lave in Christmas."
The little woman smiled.
"Ves," she answered. "I'm celibra-
tin' this for Terence, th' b'y. He's
comin' home this day."
"Is that so?" exclaimed the neighbor. "Terry's comin' home. Ye don't
toll me. I thought he was sent up for
five years;"
"So he was," said Terence's mother,
beaming. "Yis, he was sent up f r five
years, but he got one year off f r good
"T'ink of that!"  said  the delighted
neighbor, in sympathetic tones,    "F'r
good behaviour!    Now, isn't it a comfort to have a son like that?"
"How do you* like your new minister's wife?"
"Not very well. She's Just as stylish as the rest of us."'
The famous Cardinal Dubois, prime
minister of France during the Orleans
regency, had a violent temper, but was
by no means ill-natured. At one time
he was swearing at his clerks, saying
that with thirty clerks he could not
get his business done. Venier, his sec»
retary, after looking at him a long
time In silence, answered: "Monselg-
neur, take one clerk more to swear
and scold for you; half your time will
be saved and your business will be
«    *   *
Among those in a train leaving New
York one afternoon for a Northern
suburb were a man and his wife, who
were overheard discussing various
ways and means of /.getting out of debt.
The husband had taken from his
pocket a considerable number of papers; and as he did so he observed
fretfully to his wife:
"X am completely in thc dark as to
how these bills are to be paid."
"Harry," said his spouse, as she Indicated wtth her finger a highly tinted
bill, "you will be even more In the dark
if you don't pay this one—it's the gas
«    •   *
The following story of a Wellesley
Junior would tend to show that the
sweet unreasonableness of the feminine mind ls not wholly done away with
by higher education.
This Junior filled a prescription for a
tonic sometime during the spring semester. The medicine came in dainty
Httle pills of a delicate apple-green
shade. When the first supply was exhausted the young lady tripped back
to the druggist and, taking out the
last dose, which she had carefully rolled up ln tissue pape**, held It out to the
astonished clerk and said, sweetly,
Will you please match this pill?"
«    *    «
A well-known educator tells of a
school of advanced ideas ln Boston,
wherein no pupil is ever punished In
any way, the individuality of every
child being held too sacred for repression.
One day, it appears, soon after her
entrance Into this school, ono little
girl came home with a face wet with
tears and hcr mouth covered with
The mother was greatly alarmed,
and, taking the child into her arms,
asked whnt had happened.
The stnry of what had happened
was sobbed out to the sympathetic
mother. One, Sammy Parker, it seem- I
ed, had struck tne little girl and
knocked out a couple of teeth.
When the unfortunate youngster
hnd been restored to equanimity, her
father, who had, In the meantime, put
ln an appearance, naturally enough
wanted to know how the teacher had
den It with Sammy.
"She didn't do anything,"
"Well, what did she say?"
"She called Sammy to her desk and
said, 'Samuel, don't you know that
was very antl-soclal?'"
Stallion certification nt the various
shows in Australia is now quite general. Some, of the associations are demanding that mares shall also pass the
test before being allowed to enter tho
arena. Not any of the state governments, however, have moved to make
the examinations compulsory for horses
whose services are offered to the public, but in most cases parades are held
in each district every season, and certificates are granted to those which pass
the tests. , The public can then demand to see tho certificate of any animal of which they mav be in doubt.
This certification campaign has done incalculable good. Hundreds of unfit
horses have been condemned and rendered useless for service, so that the percentage of condemnations at tho show-
rings now is comparatively small. Jn
the young Btock forward there is a
marked improvement, especially in
heavy sorts. A judge recently stated
that he never saw, in Great Britain or
America, a better lot of youngsters than
those forward at the late Melbourne
show. Tho certificates are now demanded at the yard sales, and, indeed,
somo of the auctioneers will not accept animals which have not passed the
vet. Where uncertified animals .ire offered, buyers will not often bid for
• *   •
One of the best prospects for the
slow pacing classes in 1912 was recently
purchased by J. E. Wright, of Prince
Albert, Sask., from Oeo. Arnold, Sutton  West, Ont.
She is a handsome iron grey mare,
four yearB old, goes without the hopples, and with only eight workouts stepped a mile ovor the dirt in 2:22 and a
quarter in 34 seconds. She is by Petition 's 1st, son of Petition, be by Pistachio 2:21 1-4, a full brother to Nutwood, 2:18 3-4. First dam, Minnie Mc-
Intyre by Bronze's Blue Bull; second
dam Sherry Cobbler, bly a thoroughbred horse.
This mare has learned very fast, and
in tbe hands of a good man should beat
2:12 over a half-mile track beforo next
• •   «
During the turf season of 1912 there
promises to be a pretty struggle for
leadership among the Americans who
have planned to race their horses In
France. William E. Vanderbilt hus
bcen so tremendously successful with
his big stable that he haa been showing *he way to all others by a wide
Americans who have recently taken
establishments over there are determined to give their distinguished countryman a stiff battle for the leadership, and Frank J. Gould and Joseph
PI. Widener are mentioned as Mr. Vanderbilt's most likely rivals.
Mr. Widener, when he first appeared on the French turf, figured only in
the croBs-country races, put for 1912
ho has decided to take to flat racing.
Thomas Welsh, ono of the foremost cf
American trainers has been engaged to
hnnille tbe Widener horses and many
purchases have been made, including
the supposedly ten best yearlings in
France. These were secured for Mr.
Widener by Eugene Leigh, another
American turfman, who has long been
identified with the French turf. Some
of these yearlings cost Mr. Widener
$10,000 apiece.
Frank J. Gould has a stable of 28
at Malsons Lnffitte. His recent season was a tremendously good one, and
he has also made purchases of famous
matrons for his racing establishment.
• •   »
Frank Wootton rode more winners
this year than any other jockey since
Tommy Loates had 222 successes in
1893, though Morny Cannon was not far
behind with 185 winners in 1895 and
182 in tbree years previously. These
records, of course, were surpassed by
Fred Archer, who four times excelled
T.  Loates' best  figures and  in  1885,
The Tinman" rode 24G winners when
he could not go to the scales at less
than 8 st. 6 lb. Increasing weight is
bound to prove a disadvantage to Wootton, but his career, so far as it has extended in England, has been extremely
brilliant. He is not only easily at tbe
head of the list this year, but has the
best percentage of wins, an honor which
usually falls to Maher. Wootton left
for India this week, accompanied by
A. Bowley. It has been very satisfactory to see the younger school in Winter, Rickaby and W. Huxley come to
the front, and other boys like It. Stokes,
E. Huxley and E. Calder show much
Recognized  ns   the  leatllntr sopclDo
for the destruction of worms, Mother
uravHs* Worm Rxlermlniitor has piv
en a boon to suffering children everywhere,   lt seldom falls.
On December 31st, 1011, the telephone service of tho United Kingdom
became, like the telegraph service of
thot country, a government monopoly.
The history of British telephones is
reviewed in a recent report of Consul
liufus Fleming, stationed at Edinburgh. An act of 1800 gave to the
Postmaster-General the monopoly of
operating telegraphs, anil in 1HS0, as
a result of the case of the Attorney-
General vs. the Edison Telephono Co.,
it was decided thnt telephones wero
includod in the provisions of this act.
However, tho government, instead of
buying up tbe patents and taking the
telephone service into its own bunds,
granted licenses to tho existing telephone companies. * At first the companies were restricted in tbelr operations to limited areas, but from 18S4
onward tbe licenses were applicable
over the entire kingdom. Tbis led to
the organization of largo companies,
and by 181)2 practically all the business was in the hands of the National
Telephone Company, Ltd. in 181)11 tho
government took over tbe operation of
all the trunk lines connecting one town
witb another, paying the company upwards of $2,233,723.     Tho lattor bas
Relief for tha Depressed.—Physlcnl
and mental depression usually have
their origin in a dlsorder.-d state of
the stomach and Uver. as when these
organs are deranged ln their action
Ihe whole system ls affected. Try
Parmelee's Vegetable Pills. They revive the digestive processes, act beneficially on the nerves and restore the
spirits as no other pills will. They nre
cheap, simple and sure, and the effects
are lasting.
since continued to operate the local
lines, but will transfer all its business
to tho post-office at the end of the present year.
Thero are approximately 644,000 telephones in the United Kingdom, but' it
ib estimated that if the system were
used in the same ratio to population
aa in the United Stat, a, the number
would be nearly 3,000,000. Judging
from the history of the telegraph service, it is expected that the transfer
of the telephones to the government
will result in a great extension of !he
Just on the ova of England being declared freo trom foot and mouth disease another outbreak has occurred
within a score of mllea of the laat in
Somerset. The Board of Agriculture
sent out notices withdrawing all restrictions ln connection with the Oc*
tober case, but these had scarcely
reached their destination when telegraphic Intelligence waa received of a
further suspected outbreak, and the
suspicion proved only too well grounded. Though It la only about twenty
miles trom the laat, there la no reason
to believe that the latest arose out
of the former, and they are still as
much In the dark aa ever regarding
the origin of the trouble. A committee ot enquiry appointed haa already
begun Its work, and It has the best
wishes of all breeders. The Royal
Agricultural Society haa made a sensible regulation regarding tha sales at
next year's show. It ts to the effect
that If animals are bought for export
and the country to which they are
to be sent ls declared and the animals
paid for, the sale shall be cancelled lf
within fourteen days from the date
of the auction the ports ln the particular country are closed on account ot
foot and mouth disease or for some
other reason. This wlll probably be
adopted In connection with other sales,
and would certainly be fairer to buyers, and give them moro confidence to
bid, and confidence has been sadly undermined during the last six months.
Hard to get rid of them, too. Two or
three applications of Putnam's Painless Corn Extractor softens the thickest tissue, and removes tt painlessly.
Putnam's Painless Corn Extractor removes corns, warts, and callouses
quickly and painlessly. Sold by druggists, price 26c.
the continual contact with a hard cement floor. Wooden floors are much
lhe warmest under foot, but unless
raised from the ground are liable to
become damp. Hopper feeding of rolled or crushed oats is a good Idea, as
your chickens never need be hungry.
Vou need not be afraid of the expense;
as soon as they get used to thla
method of feeding they wlll not overfeed. The idea of hopper feeding
cracked oats gives all tho chickens a
chance, if some have not got their fair
share of the hand-fed grain they need
not go'with empty crops.
Damp floors, walls, etc., are sure to
bring trouble, lf you have a cement
floor to your chicken house, be sure
to cover it deeply with scratching material. If you use straw, cut lt into
short lengths about six inches long,
or your chickens cannot scratch, as
long straw clings together. Use a patent water fountain, as a dish is liable
to upset. Great care is required to see
that the chickens have plenty of clean
water In winter, as If frozen the chickens might be without water for a day.
Hard floors are responsible for all
kinds of trouble, as the chickens Injure their feet lighting from the perches.   "Bumble foot" ia often caused by
Mrs, McRea Suffered far Over Two
Years, Then Two Boxaa of Dodd'a
Kidney Pills Made a Now Woman
of Her
Previl, Gaspe Co., Que.—(Special)—
That she might have escaped two
years and seven months of suffering
had she tried Dodd's Kidney Pills ln
the first place is tho firm conviction of
Mrs. John McRea, an old and respected resident of this place. And thus Is
the reason she gives tor believing bo:
"For two years and seven months 1
was a sufferer from Kidney Disease
brought on by a strain and a cold.
My eyes were puffed and swollen, my
muscles cramped and I suffered from
neuralgia and rheumatism. My back
ached and I had palna in my joints.
"For two yeara I was under the doctor's care, but he never seemed to do
me any lasting good. Two boxes of
Dodd's Kidney Pills made a new woman of me."
To save yourself suffering curo your
Kidneys at the flrst sign ot trouble.
Dodd's Kidney Pills are the one sure
The Canadian Farm aaya that "In
ahoep and swine, the Canadian breeder
has, at leaat, held hla own, though
handicapped to a considerable extent
by general market conditions. All
honor Is due the aheep breeder for
having maintained Ihe pure-bred flock
at a high atandard of perfection, notwithstanding the apathy which tha
average farmer exhibits In regard to
sheep raising. The sheep shows during the year, especially in Ontario,
have never averaged up better. Here
again the circle ot those who are taking up the rearing of pure-breds la
widening. The number of new exhibitors has shown a gratifying increase
during the year and the average quality has not deteriorated any because
of this new blood. Here, too, the Cnn-
adlan-bred animal haa more than held
his own. In the field of by: Ine raising,
tt Ib now largely the Canadian-bred
animal or nothing. Breeders ln Canada have developed a type that ls dis- ,
tinctly their own. The bacon Ideal
has been the one they have sought
and produced. The type has become
fixed in the majority of herds and It
is the exception to find un animal
among the 'recognized bacon breeds
that does not conform tn a large measure to this type. And all this has
been accomplished in spite of tho disabilities which the hog Industry labors
under generally. Take the present
season as an example. Feed is scarce
and dear, yet the farmer ts getting no
more for the finished product, and. In
fact, not as much, aB whep feeding
conditions wero moro favorable. But
we wlll have more to say about thla
at a later date. In the meantime lt
may be said that unless the packer
does more than ho has been doing tn
tho way of paying a premium for bacon hogs, there must follow a recession from the Ideal set up. In fact,
there are some Indications that the
tendency In the other direction has already set In."
Mrs. J. B. Blossom, of Minneapolis,
operating the largest cnttery In the
Northwest, began the Industry a few
yeara ago with a single Persian kitten which she purchased as a pet. En-'
thuslasm of her friends led her to the
conclusion that a cat farm would pay.
She bought some stock and began
raising Persians. Last year she made
nearly 11,000 out of lt. Her oats have
won prizes all over the country, and
she has a shelf full of cups, badges,
and diplomas.
In excavating tho foundation of New
York's municipal building a new record
has bcen made for depth. At Ibe
southern end of the structure, which
will house between 5.000 and 8,000 city
employers wben finished, tho "sand-
hogs" went down 1311 feet below the
kerb-line, or 107 feet below sea level.
It la In Demand.—So great. Is the
demand for Dr. Thomas' Eclcctrlc OU
that a large factory is continually busy
making and bottling it. To be In demand shows popular appreciation of
this preparation, wliich stands at the
head of proprietary compounds as the
leadL.g Oil In the market, and it is
generally admitted that lt ls deserving
of the lead. ,
Owing to so mueh unfavorable weather, many farmers over Western
Canada bave gathered at least part of their erop touched by froat or
otherwise weather damaged. However, through the large shortage in
eern, oats, barley, fodder, potatoes and vegetables, by tbe unusual heat
and, drought of laat summer in the United States, Eastern Canada and
Western Europe, there is going to be a steady demand at good prices
for all the grain Western Canada hai railed, no matter what ita quality
may be.
So much variety In quality makee It Impossible for those leas ex
perieoced to judge the full value that ihould be obtained for aueh grain,
therefore the farmer never stood more in need of the servieei of the
experienced and reliable grain commission man to aet for htm, ln the
looking after and selling of hli grain, than he does thil leaion.
Farmers, you wtll therefore do well for yourselves not to accept
•treet or track prices, but to ship your grain by carload direct to Fort
William or Port Arthur, to'be handled by us in a way that will get
for you all there is in it. We make liberal advancei when desired, on
receipt of shipping bill! for can iblpped. We never buy yonr grain on
our own account, but aet aa.yonr agenta in selling lt to the beat advantage for your account, and we do eo on a Ixed commiieion of le per
We have made a ipeelalty of thii work for many yean, and are
well known over Weitorn Canada for onr experience in the grain trade,
reliability, careful attention to onr customers' interesti, and promptness
ln making settlements.
We invite farmers who have not yet employed ni to write to ni for
shipping instructions and market information, and in regard to our
standing In the Winnipeg Grain Trade, and our flnancia' position, we
beg to refer you to the Union Bank of Canada, and any of Ita branches,
alao to tbe commercial agencies ef Bradstreeti aad S. G. Dun ft Co.
703 Y Grain Exchange Winnipeg
123 fl
Education bg Moving Pictures
bow nun au mads ro* thb Movnra pictum shows that abb so populab nowadays
THE time haa long lince passed when
a sensible person could sneer at
moving pictures, or minimise
their importance in the life of the community. There are itill many, however,
whose attitude toward them is one
either of avowed hostility or of suspicion. Recognized as inevitable, tbe moving pictures are even yet considered as
a kind of evil, to be kept down as much
as possible.
But while thil has been, and still is,
the attitude of most adults whose education hai lifted them a plane above
processes of digestion, and very valuable ones of heart-action. Btill other
medical men bave utilized moving pictures to show the external symptoms of
various nervous cases. Also, there are
over one hundred Dims showing surgical
operations by skilled practitioners,
whieh are available for medical school
In various schools of technology, moving pictures arc utilized to show machine-shop methods. The entire behaviour of a machine In actual operation can thus be illustrated to a clan-
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Picture of Coninmptlve Oamp Shown on Moving Films
the enjoyment of moving pictures, the
moving-picture audience and the moving-picture manufacturers have together been working out very practical problems of social service by means of the
film dramaa. They have been aided by
those few wiser souls in the community
at large who havo had the good sense
to see that in tbe popular Interest in
moving pictures lies a vast power for
We propose to tell here's few of tbe
definite educational ends which have
been aided by moving pictures, most of
them without any further incentive
than thc desires of moving-picture audiences to learn and the desire of moving-picture manufacturers to serve the
best interests of their patrons; and to
•bow, in addition, what a wide educational field il as yet untouched, what
an influence for good, if rightly directed, the moving pictures might exert
over the young.
We fancy that the time will come,
and before long, when every elementary
•chool will be equipped witb a film-projector, to be used in the study of history, botany, geography. All children
love moving pictures. Two hundred
thousand children go to the film theatres in New York each week. Instead
of decrying this great natural interest,
tbe part of wisdom is to utilize it.
The only true education comes
through a rousing of tbe child 'a interest. Here, then, is an obvious educational weapon. Instead of dwelling
upon the evils that ought to be suppressed, and painting a gloomy picture, let
ui point out the good which already
inheres in the film dramas now being
shown in the commercial theatres, and
the good moving picture! are already
accomplishing when put to special purposes.
A certain percentage of the films
turned out by the better manufacturen
for display upon tbe commercial screen!
are, to-day, educational, not because
anybody has ordered them to be, bnt
solely! because the moving-picture aud-
iencejRIike to see such films, and the
manufacturers prefer to maintain a decent standard.
One of the popular films of recent
aeasons was called "Boil Your Water."
It was a microscopic film, showing the
bacterial life in a glass of water, multiplied ten thousand times. The water
was shown in the process of boiling,
the bacterial life was seen to die, and
finally the water was filtered off clear.
A second film, also microscopic, showed the life in a little pond, including
what the photographer's catalogue describes as "terrific combats between
water-fleas." It also showed the growth
of a frog from the tadpole, and many
otber Interesting things.
Another popular film was a picture of
the diabolical career of a house-fly,
from one generation to another. It
■bowed him walking in filth and then
wiping his feet in the sugar-bowl, all
in the most vividly revolting manner.
We fancy thia llm cauied more than
one garbage-can to be covered. It was
rented by the State boards of health
of Louisiana, Kansas, and Florida, by
the health boards of Chicago and Galveston, by the Oklahoma agricultural
experiment station, the University of
Wisconsin, and tbe Battle Creek Sanitarium.
Another film of distinct educational
value was prepared at the suggestion
of the New York Milk Committee, and
was exhibited throughout the country.
It showed, flrst, a dirty and unsanitary
cow-shed. The farmer's son protested
against such conditions, but his stubborn father, like most old-time farmers,
refuted to mend matters.
The ion, with his wife and little
baby, left the farm, moving into the
city. Presently the baby fell sick from
drinking tainted milk. Her grandfather, coming to see the child, discovered that the milk came from his own
stable. Then he went back and reformed, the film finally showing a clean,
model, sanitary dairy-stable in operation. The direct value of such a film,
especially in the light of the character
of moving-picture audiences, can hardly be questioned.
Moving pictures are already used in
technical and medical instruction. Com-
; mandon, of Paris, not long ago astonished the French Academy of Sciences
by displaying microecoplc films showing what takes place in the blood of
a mouse inoculated with the virus of
sleeping-sickness. A Oerman scientist
hai taken X-ray moving ptetnree of the
room; chips fly, workmen move about,
feed the machine, carry off waste, and
so on.
The United States Oovernment has
officially recognized the value of motion pictures, for both education and
recreation. The battle-ship Vermont
was the first ship of the United States
navy to be equipped with a projector,
and films are regularly displayed, both
for the instruction and the amusement
of the crews. The army and tbe experiment stations of the Department of
Agriculture are following the lead of
the navy.
Moving pictures are easily utilized in
agricultural instruction. If a film-
camera is placed by a glass seed-box,
and a picture is taken six or eight times
a day, the whole growth of a plant
may be shown. Of course, when the
lilm is run through the projecting machine, you see the seed go into tbe
ground, sprout, grow, flower, and come
to fruition all in the space of ten minutes; but .1 you make proper allowance
for this acceleration, you get a vivid
picture of plaat growth. The behavior of harvesting machines, seed drills,
and the like, can also be Illustrated in
action, in order to teach modern, scientific farm methods.
A hop grower in New York State uses
moving pictures of his plantation to
intereat investors and buyers In tbe
city, who cannot get out to see tbe actual process of hop culture. The American Tobacco Company has a similar series of moving pictures, covering the
tobacco industry, which is used for
much the same purpose. Salesmen for
other industries, of varied kinds, now
interest possible buyers by means 04
motion pictures.
We may well ask, If commerce can
make auch use of moving pictures, and
if they are valuable in highly technical
education, why should elementary education neglect them, where they would
have the added appeal of dramatic and
pictorial interest!
Indeed, many of tne technical scientific subjects, and sucb of the medical
subjects as are proper for general exhibition, have already been -shown on
the screens of the regular film theatrea,
with no little success, children and
adults alike enjoying tbem and learning
from them.
A fine film has been popularly exhibited by an American firm, showing tbe
life and beneficent activities of the silkworm. Being a lories of actual photographs, there is no "nature faking"
about it. Most children in sehool love
to read about the silkworm, and to see
pictures of lt. How mueh more would
they enjoy their study If tbey could
see the eggs laid, see the worm eating
his way out, shedding his skin, and
spinning his cocoon, see the cocoon
bunt, see tbe whole life of this useful
insect unfold before their eyes I
The'same American firm hai a splendid series of bird photographs, taken
by cameras hidden iu trees close to the
nests, and operated by electricity. The
mother-birds are shown on the eggs,
flying away for food, coming back to
stuff worms down greedy throats. All
the intimate domestic bird-life is
caught as few children, in cities, at any
rate, can ever observe it.
Another wonderful bird film, taken
by two Englishmen at great danger,
shows the life of sea-birds on tbe face
of a cliff. The picture ia very exciting
aa well as scientifically valuable, for it
shows the men preparing for the des.
cent at the edge of the cliff, swinging
off over space in their little sling-
chairs, and descending the face of the
precipice, tbe camera accompanying
tbem on another sling-seat. If such
pictures are not truly educational, and
inevitably bound to interest tbe youngsters, one is hard put to say what is.
Motion pictures of bird flights, indeed,
bave bad definite influence on the development of flying-machines. They
have a technical as well as an educational value.
A film made in March last, by an American firm, for commercial exhibition,
shows the shelling of the old battleship Texas in Chesapeake Bay. The
historic Interest of this picture its value
In displaying the effects of modern projectiles its dramatic depiction of naval
warfare, its scientific interest, cannot
be denied. We cannot conceive of a
dais of boys who would not delight to
watch it, in connection with their
The camera, in taking this film, wai
placed on one of the battleships that
moved past tbe Texas at a four-mile or
five-mile range. Views ef the firing
from tbe ship on which the camera was
placed are followed by views of the
Texas, showing how the shots landed.
Similarly we aee the gum of the New
Hampshire, next in line ahead, belch
forth, and these views are followed by
pictures of the result, so timed that it
seems as if the spectator follows each
discharge with his eyes. The series
closes with near views of the wrecked
battleship and scenes on board, where
tbe havoc is indescribable.
Not long ago an oflicer from the
State board of health of Louisiana
went to New York seeking moving pictures suitablo to show in a health campaign. A car was to be run all over the
State, containing sanitary exhibits, and
moving pictures were to be a part of
the programme, aa a meant not only
of attracting the crowds, but of instructing them. Films for the purpose could
be found ln plenty. Here was an instance of sane recognition of the motion picture's vast possibilities for
good; and, as we bave mentioned, other
health boards are also employing film
The University of Wisconsin, however, has gone a step further, and has
taken definite measures to incorporate
tbe moving-picture machine into its
educational extension work.
As an illustration of tbe varied educational films which, without any orders
from anybody the manufacturers have
already provided for the patrons, especially tbe children, of the present
commercial theatres, we have only to
scan the lists of a single firm,
For instance, a well-known French
firm, operating largely in America, has,
besides "certain scientific films already
mentioned, such interesting pictures as
"Bobbie's Microscope," showing the
food on the table, the blood, tbe sap
in a leaf, and other common things and
processes under the microscope, It
has a beautifully colored film showing
the entire growth of a chrysanthemum.
It has a marvelously clear picture ef
tbe life and activities of a carrot-caterpillar, lf all these films, and many
more like them, can be prepared for
commercial purposes, and can interest
people who have come to the theatre
solely for amusement, without the aid
of teacher or lecturer, how vast might
be the carefully directed use of moving pictures in education!
But even more than in scientific subjects, the   manufacturer!   have found
whom you become interested; a dog
runs into the view, a strange carriage
appears and rolls away, making you
wonder what its destination may be. lf
the camera itself is moving, you have
the sense of moving along yOunelf.
It is almost as good as actual travel-
Geography, the study of strange lands
and peoples, becomes vivid and real.
Let us take, as an example, the eruption of a volcano. The geography
shows a picture of the mountain, which
ia pitifully tame by comparison witb
the actual scene. The children read
about flowing lava; but no picture in
the geography can show the lava flowing. A motion picture can show it, however.
Last summer a French firm exhibited
ln America a picture of Mount Etna in
eruption. The camera had been placed
as near to the crater as It was possible
to get, and the lava aad steam were
seen to belch menacingly forth. Then
the camera "followed the lava stream
down the mountain. The film shows a
vineyard flooded by the molten mass,
and a house burned up, Finally, the
lava is observed to flow more sluggishly, and at length to harden.
Here, in a space of ten minutes, the
moving picture can show to the child,
more vividly and correctly than anything abort of being actually an eyewitness, the processes of volcanic eruption. Here is a lesson in geography at
once vivid, accurate, and Intensely interesting. If such a film is not educational, and a useful weapon for instruction in a school, we do not know the
meaning of the word education. It
trains the child to learn by actual observation, and it inevitably holds his
interest at the same time, because it
has been demonstrated beyond a doubt
that children love moving pictures.
Another excellent example of the
geographical value of moving pictures
Is afforded by a film taken not long ago
at tbe Panama Canal, That film shows
the sides of the canal as the train
moves along; it shows the workmen
and officers at toil and at rest; it
catches the tropic vegetation; and,
above all, it shows the huge shovels and
derricks and machines in actual operation. You see the dirt fly, you watch
the cut grow before your very eyes;
you can see how a great canal ia dug.
One of tbe favorite geographical subjects for the normal child is mountain
climbing, especially in the Alps. A
moving picture camera has been carried
to the top of the Matterhorn, picturing
various stages of the ascent, the perilous inclines, the glacier crossings, and
finally the panorama from the summit.
Otber peaks of the Alps have also been
scaled with a camera. Tbese pictures
have a thrill which no words of teacher
or book can carry to the child.
Similarly, the motion picture of the
Old Faithful   geyaer   spouting, in tbe
son should ipeak enthusiastically in
favor of motion pictures, since he ia one
of the men who Las done most to make
tbem possible. But hia words, in a recent Interview given to the Dramatic
Mirror, are none the leas true. They
are well worthy of every educator's
"The motion picture," he predicted,
'' will be used for teaching many of tbe
elementary subjects. What child, for
example, gets a very well defined idea
of a foreign eountry or people merely
by reading about themf A printed description 11 obviouuy incomplete, and
mental pictures are formed that are
generally incorrect. No one visit! a
foreign land, no matter how mueh may
have been read about It, without a
sense uf newness and surprise.
"For a child, reading and itudy are
generally irksome. Now, if geography
were taught by moving pictures, if foreign landa and cities were shown, if
their topography and general characteristics were diiplayed, If the habits and
demeanor of the people were depicted,
and if tbeir occupations and methodi of
work and recreation! were llluitrated,
the child would have aa clear an idea
of everything as if the original scenes
were viewed directly; and not only so,
but the study of geography would be a
tremendously interesting experience,
and not a hardship, as it now likely to
be tbe case.
Let ua hope and believe tbat thii day
is nearer tban a great many good people suppose, Already private schools
are installing projecting machine!. A
new public ichool building in Connecticut haa a special motion picture hall
attached. And elsewhere the attention
of educators is turning seriously to this
new weapon of initrnctien.
Curiously enough, tne pearl divers of
Japan are women. Along the coast
of the Bay of Ago and the Bay of Ko-
kasho the thirteen and fourteen-year-
old girls, after they have finished their
primary school work, go to aea and
learn to dive. They are In the water
and learn to swim almost from babyhood and spend most of their time In
the water except ln the coldest season, from the end of December 10 the
beginning of February, Even during
the most inclement of seasons they
sometimes dive for pearls. They wear
a apeclal dress, white underwear, and
the hair twisted up Into a hard knot.
The eyes are protected by glasses to
prevent the entrance of water. Tuba
are suspended from the waist. A boat
In command of a man Is assigned to
every Ave or ten women divers to carry them to and from the fishing
grounds. When the divers arrive on
the grounds they leap Into the water
at once and begin to gather oystera at
the bottom, The oyaters are dropped
Into the tubs suspended from their
waists. When theae vessels are filled
the divers are raised to the surface
and jump Into the boats. They dive
to a depth of from five to thirty fathoms without any special apparatus
and retain their breath from one to
three minutei. Their ages vary from
thirteen to forty yeara and between
twenty-five and thirty-five they are
at their prime.
shores of Lough Neagh, wben St. Bridget came crying to him.
On being aaked the eauae of har
teara ahe explained that a mutiny had
broken out amongst tbe recently baptised women converta at Klldare, aa
few men now cared ta aak them In
marriage, and they, therefore, wlahed
to claim the right of "popping tbe
question" themselves,
St. Patrick said he would concede
them the right every aeventh year,
whereupon Bridget threw her anna
round hla neck, and exclaimed;
"Arrah, Pathrlck, Jewel, I daurn't go
back to the girls wid aack a proposal.
Make it one year in foar,"
St. Patrick replied:
"Bridget, accuahla, squeeze me that
way agin, an' I'll give ye leap year, tbe
longeat of the lot."
St. Bridget, upon thle, herself proposed to St. Patrick, exclaiming tbat
It waa then leap year, and that abe
would be the first lady to take advantage of the new dispensation. Thle,
however, waa more than the saint had
bargained for; ao he got aver the difficulty by giving her a kiss and a silk
Needless to say, tho above legend la
of no historic value, but it ia to be
found, with many variations, in the
earliest Uvea of the saints, thereby
proving the antiquity of the custom.
Very quaint, too, in aome instances,
are the methodi adopted for giving
effect to these leap year proposals. '
The Burmese maiden lights in her
window tbe "love lamp," when the boy
of her fancy pasaea her father'! houae
at eventide of the flrst day of leap
year, and keeps it there night after
night until she either achieves her object or hli prolonged silence uhows
that he, at all eventa, ie unresponsive.
Then, If she li still deilroui of being
wed, she signal! her wish ln similar
fashion to aome other likely lad, and
so on until either her matrimonial expirations are satisfied or leap year
comes to an end.
In like manner the Moravian gipsy
maid takes a leap year cake and
throws It within the tent door of the
man ahe would wed.
An Andaluslan peasant girl utilizes
a pumpkin pie for a similar purpoae.
In Tarragona the dark-eyed aenoritaa
twist their powder-puffs Into leap year
pompoms for their favorite cavaliers,
and if the recipient wears It at the
next bull-light It Is a match.
President Lincoln ln BU Study at the White Home—Posed for by a New
York Business Man
profit in historical themes. The educational value of historical pictures, of
course, depends upon the accuracy and
skill with which they are arranged. To
the credit of tbe manufacturers, let us
state at once* that much of the work
has been done with great skill, and at
great expense and pains. If, unaided
by the suggestion! of teachers or historians, the manufacturera can turn out
educationally valuable historical films
for tbe regular trade, how much more
could they do if they worked directly
for the schools, ander expert supervision?
Two historic films, also by an American firm, which have proved very popular, shows episodes in the lives of
Napoleon and Washington. William
Humphreys, an actor, was engaged to
play Napoleon, and the scene showing
him on the rocks at St. Helena, though
tho rocks were on the shore of Long
Island, is remarkably realistic, Washington was played by another expert
actor, Joseph Kilgour.
Still another film of definite historic
value was taken not long ago, with
great labor, depicting the siege of
Alamo. As that famous building still
stands, it was possible to show the actual scene, and to make it more vivid
for boys and girls than any aecouot
we have yet read in a school history.
Indeed, there are numberless historical films possessing that vivid, dramatic
interest of action and movement which
cannot be secured from the pictures in
a book. They are exhibited throughout the country, before thousands and
thousands of children; but they are
not adequately explained. They are not
related by a wise teacher to other subjects and to one another. They still
await their proper use in the schools,
to serve as a powerful weapon in education.
Ai in science, nature-study, and history, still more in geography the motion
picture might be a great aid to education, inspiring interest and imparting
instruction at the same time. The eye
is the most open channel of appeal to
the child; and the motion picture appeals tn the <yo with the noarest approximation to reality, because things
move, grow, shift, correcting the perspective, giving the sense of life, imparting the added interest of variety
and change.
Then, too, there is always something
dramatic about a moving picture. Even
ln a atreet scene, somebody panes in
Yellowstone Park, is more accurate and
vivid than any word-painting or still
There are moving picture factories
all over the civilized world, and the
various firms have sent, or will send,
their cameras anywhere on the globe
for interesting pictures. They have
gone into the Russian wilds to follow
a bear-hunt; they have gone into the
African jungle; they have ascended
snow-clad mountains. They have made
pictures of wild beasts, of Chinese villages, far from the coast, where the
life is the life of two thousand years
ago; of coronation ceremonies, of aviation meets, of a myriad of interesting
things, Thousands of these subjects figure in the geography which our children
study in school. They are the most
vivid possible illustrations. To exhibit
them in school, properly explained by
the teacher, is to make geography more
interesting than it has ever been before,
A picture taken in the heart of Africa shows the laying of a railroad
track through the jungle. The sight of
the actual encounter with the jungle,
the fight with the rank vegetation,
gives more vivid idea than one could
possibly get otherwise of what the
jungle means. It also shows clearly
how a railroad track is laid. It makes
the man of'today think how much he
would have enjoyed that picture when
be was a schoolboy; and wonders how
long it will be before the school children of the present will see the wonders of the world illustrated by the marvelous aid of tho motion camera.
The motion camera, indeed, can do
more than exhibit the life of Chinese
villages or African jungles. It can do
more than show Arabian caravans crossing the desert, coronation processions
passing through London, or grape-pickers on the terraces of the Bhine. Just
as the growth of a flower can be shown
by taking eight pictures a day, certain
physical changes in the earth's surface
can be illustrated in motion pictures,
such as the movements of glaciers, the
changes in a river'a bed, the action of
volcanoes—already, as we have seen,
the subject of a film—and so forth. All
such. pictures, of course, when shown
on a screen, present a tremendous acceleration in time, whieh must be carefully explained by the teacher. Nevertheless, the possibilities for real and
vivid Instruction are there.
lt Is only natural that Thomas A. Edl-
Thla year la Leap Year, when the
ladiea may'propose to the gentlemen.
Many people regard thll as a new
Joke. ,
, Aa a matter of fact, lt ii a very ancient custom Indeed, and one, moreover, which baa opon several occasions
received legal recognition and sanction
ln varloua part! of the world.
Thus, in Scotland, many years ago,
an Act of Parliament waa passed
which ordained that any maiden, no
matter whether of high or low degree,
should have the liberty In leap year
to propose to the man of her choice,
and if he refused to marry her, then
he was to forfeit one hundred potfnds,
or less, according to his rank and eetate. It la worthy of note that a woman—Queen Margaret—ruled over
Scotland when this measure became
Moreover, the Act was by no means
u dead letter. Several prosecutions
took place under It, and fines were frequently Inflicted, and paid. It waa
held to be a good defence, however, if
the accused was able to prove that he
waa already engaged to be married at
the time of receiving the proposal.
At a later date' similar laws were
enacted by various states on the continent of Europe, and rigidly enforced,
more especially in Genoa, where in one
year no fewer than 368 prosecutions
The early Britons, according to the
testimony of Dlodorus Slculua, were
remarkably simple In their diet. The
grain they cultivated In little patchea
was reduced to paste In a mortar and
formed their chief article of food.
Practically the only additions to the
table were milk and flesh. On great
and solemn occasions, however, aa In
times of public calamity, an unnatural
feaet waa celebrated. The Druids enjoined the Immolation of certain victims to excite or to appease one of
their multifarious deities. A venerable
Druid, perhapa trembling himself at
the awful rites he wae about to perform, led the ailent flock Into the secret
recesses of the sacred grovel of oak.
There, at the dark hour of midnight,
tbe human offering wae brought forth
and adorned for the altar. At the
fatal sign the consecrated dagger waa
plunged into the victim's heart The
body waa then laid open, the entraila
examined, and the augury pronounced.
Finally tbe bloody butchers sat down
to their horrid feast, each one without
exception religiously partaking of tha
human sacrifice. Theae awful orgies
were celebrated with weird rltee and
the mysteries of an esoteric religion
In tbe deep and gloomy recesses of tbe
primeval forest.
A certain gentleman, having recently moved Into a new district, had aa
yet no experience of that terrible
scourge known aa the town's braaa
Consequently when, a few daya before Christmas, a man called upon him
and informed him that the band would
play "a selection of carols In front of
selected houses," Mr. X. had no objection to hiB name being added to the
If Mr. X. was surprised when the
band didn't turn up, he waa simply
astounded when, on Boxing Day, hia
visitor called again "for that little
"But," protested the gentleman,
"your band.did not play ln front of
my house!"''
Ancl.nt Hia tory on Modern Films.   Nero Sending a Cap ef Poison to Brit-
were Instituted against men who had
declined leap year proposals made to
them by members of the opposite lex.
Precisely how or when the curloua
cuatom originated la not known, but It
la certainly far older than even the
Scottish Act of Parliament mentioned,
for In an Anglo-Saxon chronicle written before the Conquest occurs the
phrase, "This year, being leap year,
the ladles propose, and, If not accepted,
claim a new gown."
One account,- Indeed, traces Itl Institution to St. Patrick, who wae born
in the fourth century. The story goea
that he waa walking one day along the
It waa the visitor's turn to be surprised.
"My dear sir," he gasped, "if our
band had—er—troubled you. do you
think I Bhould have had the colossal
impudence to call on you thle morning? Your name wus on the Hit, consequently you—er—escaped! Perhapa,
air, being aomewhat of a stranger, you
don't know our band? Ah!"—sadly—
"in that caae, sir, you'll never know
what you've misled!"
The theory that misery loves company acocunts for aome marriages. —mew
||the magnet cash store
JtutnishinJ Establishment
@ttmfterfan5 §afc.
RieHUKDS & JneK. Proprietors.
When you want a good choice meal cooked to
the King's taste give us a call     .     .     .     .
We wish our many friends
and patrons
A Happy and
New Year
and hope that the year
1912 will be a prosperous
Decorator, Paperhanger
AH Work  Promptly
... Attended to'...
Residence; Pwirith Aveivpe
Cumberland,    11. ('.
McPhee & Morrison
Courtenay 8. Q*
w.rd —Take notice that Eilith Wilton
of Lythnm: Bog., occupation ir.arrid
woman, iiitumU to apply for pernimairm
lo purchase tho fulluwiiiK described lands
Commencing at a pert planted about
una-half milo E from aouth bnnk of
Trout lake and about, one mile south
from the most, northerly end of Trout
lake, thence south 80 chains thtnee E
■il) chains, thenco N HO chains, thence W
40 chains to point of commencement
and containing 320 acres more or le*»
T>».d Inti. II, 1012. .Reginald Carwithen, Agent.
-Men'aclothing al cuttt price at ihu  li y
Sto o fur pay-day.
District of Say w ird.
Take notice that Margaret Btuhm C*r
willion of Sandwick, B. 0., occupation
Hii gin woman, in lot ids to apply for per-
mission to purchase thu following do
acribid lands:— Commencing at a posl
plant i'd at the most southerly end of
Cranberry lake, thenc E 80 chains; thenco
S 80 chains; thenco W 40 chains; thet ice
along the boundary of Lot *36, Sayward
District, in a general north and west di
rcction, to a point due south of the point
ofectnmei cement, thence due north to
the point of commencement and coi tain-
hit oi 0 aun a more ■ r less.
Maroarbt Bit hm Carwithen
Da'ed Jan. 14, 1012. Ktginald Carwithtii
UayWnld L'tlld  U. 11 tut.
Dirttne of Sayward
Tak   »■ iii-- thai Gtmnp. Itobert Bates
of O in... uy, li 0 , i/ceil I at ion real estate
i :!■• ', in toi it] to ap| ly ft i permissiion t<
!■     ia ■ to ih cl ,.i,(lb:-
C"    n u uiln  ata p-'H pUuted at     lib ti.
B). i niet: fT.tubor Liinii. 40775; thunc
hn, <ii 80 chains; thonoo earn 40 chains;
thonce aouth fiO-chaim*; thenco went 20
chain*; thenc aotith '2t\ ohajns: thenci
J0 n. itia, i p i • of cotmnetioi •
mu i, Cuutaii ui;' .'Jim nurcR more or lelt
IleginaUl C u-witlien, agt>ir
Dued j. n   13.:,. 1912.
S>iy,w'ai'd Ln tl Diatrict
District ft tSiyward
Take notioi  that-Louisa Sophia Bates,
of Sahdwickj  ll.C, occupation,   mairieo
woman, intends to apply  for permission
ro purchase the follow ing described lands:
OoiiinteneinGf at a prist planted at the N
E.   ciner Timber Limit 4(.'77o, thence
north 80 chain*;  Liiunco  east 20 chains
tlience south 80 chains; thonce   west  20
chaii a to pnint of   tommoncemenb    nn<i
c lUtaibiug ]<i0acreK more or less.
Louisa Sophia Hates
Reginald Carwithen, agent.
Dated January 13.h, 1012.
Sayward Land DiBtrict.
District of Sayward.
Tako notice that Reginald Carwithen,
of Sandwick, B.C , occupation, farmer,
intends to apply for permission to pur*
chase the following described lands:—
Commencing at a post planted at the iN,
ML comer of Timber Limit 40775, thence
north 80 chains; thence west 80 chains:
thenco south 80 chains; thenco east 80
chains to point uf commencsment, and
cun taining 040 acres moro or less.
Reginald Cahwituen
Dated .January 13th, 1912
Sayward Ltml District
Diatrict of Sayward
Take notice that Cluistian Carnithtii,
of Sandwick, B.C., occupation carpentt t,
intends tu apply for permiediim to pur
chaae the following   described   landt:-
Commenciug at a post planted at the   t*
W.   corner of P.R. 2800, rheneenort
20 chains; theuce wo i 80 chain*; thei eo
. ut   20chains; thence cast 80 chain* ti
;»iiut uf commencement, ami cimlaijitn.
100 acres more or loss.
Christian Carwithen
Reginald Oaruiihen, agent.
D^ted J inuary 12c.., 1912.
llliitrlct nf Hayward.
Take notice that George Wluiiitii Cunvithcn, of
sandwick, li.i', ocutipatton uarpoiitoi', imoiu'-i to
apply Dr peniiisston to purchase the ftillowiiii.
riescrllieU taitils:—CbnmieiicliigalR post planta! at
tliuS.W. corner of Tlnibur J«iuiit>4£pUtf. theneo went
tfOchaltia; thenje soil tli 40 chains; tlu-nce east Ofl
thence south *jo chains; titmice east 20 chains:
tlience nortli mi chains to point of commencement,
ami containing 840 ncres more or less-
liKomn: William Caiiw. TUB?*
Rogttiultl Carwithen. agent.
Dnted January 18th, ion
District of «ay wanl
Take notlco that lluiirv Mtclur Carwithen, nf
Handulck, in:., occupation far r. intends to ap-
jily for ponnliwloii i" purchnse iha following des*
udbed landnt—Commencing at it post planted at
the N.w. comer of Timber Limit IMS, thonee hurt It
BO chains; tlience east tlo phaltis; liiunco Bouth mi
chains| thencs wosl no ulialitti to pnint nf cuiiinience
niL'iii, ami containing -imi acres more or loss.
Rcgtualil Carwithen, agent.
Dat ui I January uth, 1018.
Dlsirlctof Sayward
Take notice that Ai.tiii;n John C^nwiniiiS, of
Sandwick, B.C., occvpatlon farmer, Intends tu apply fur permission to purchase tlic following described lands:—Commencing at a post planted at
iim N.K comer of Timber UmtUOTf-iUlnmcanor li
40 chains; tlience west 40 elialus; Uienco north  4ti
ciiiiiiisjlliiliic west illt-liaiiis;tlit'Ui-ici»iithClcliailiM
theuce oust 20 chains] theuce qontli 211 chains;
ihenoaeast 40 chains to point of,conuiioucemeiitj
-.oul containing lit) acres more or tens.
Ki'giuuM Carwithen, agerit.
Dateil January 18£h, 1012.
Disirict of Saywiiiul.
Take noltoe llml Mabel Hardy, of Courtenay, n.
('..occupation married woman, Intonds to apply
for mrinissioii In purchase the following ilefleribnl
lands;—Cflimnonchig at a post plained at Ihe N.K
Conner nf  Timlior  Limit   80011, thenco south  sO
chains; tlicin'oeaatiOchaliiit'thciiconorlh B0chains
theuce went 4ti chains t» point of ctmnuenct'iueilt,
nu,) containing 320 acres mora or less,
MAIIISt, llAltnv
Itegiiiald Carwithen, ageut.
Dateil Janmiry Mth, Wtt.;
DlHtrictof Haywnrd
Take notiee that ilorlifl Muwarth Hales, of Ly-
l.liHiti, Kllg , iiccupatlHngctiilt-iniwi.liiUiljUlpaJiplj!
for pitniishii.il to purchase the following duscilhol
IhiuU; -ruiutiieiieiii^iit upcwl p|oiityd 011 the north
bank of TrOnt . i\lie t- iiifai li'wS W ceriier of'11in<
her Limit 374TU, tho'ltccilortli ^l< liniio*: lliemti wc»l
tfQuhufu*;rti«tiotfi.muht<>lln*hoik  of snld Tnmt
UtftUSW   ll.un--; lll-'-'ie  11101 IS   Iwitll   of   suid Ttuut
[AkeenritttO.chalm, to  pom. ...  r.,uiiiiene,*uieiit,
Datod Ji.
ipptj for pen
.,.; ,lH| !tud
Di uii Jn
tl) l,A ..■ IILSTIUCT
l.,,.i,,i    Mlinotl   Wnudeock, of
111 n i(n [le v\.iiimh. ini,mln lo
luu to.nuichtuni ihu follewiiig dtfr
.  ,    il H ,,.,,.   phuteii Oil
.    1    :   ■  I   I-.k-.    Mid   fj
ro«i   .i Tin.
■ .   LllOliiSO   M.ntll   80
,-„■   Jb   bull I tn   l-i,.t.   'I
Lot t8A Makioj^ WoaficooK
ghi I' ( irwiihotl, tiuutil
11      I Dili
FOR HALE—Olie OJ x 8£ Camera.
■undo hy tin linn ,(f Skjuner & Co., ol
I,      < ii. li u , iiLsMiu'cly oi f ihe best
.ii    i'    Ulalk \Ude Ir. in Spanish Ma-
Inui i y, a iid '.athor Loliows, double ex-
teitniou levei'hible back, rise and fallfroiiN
rack and pinion focus, 2 D.D. slidus, .'!
ftild sah tripod, aud 10 x 8 Perkins &
Ity   i iii; I'.Kl ns
A ■ 4i x Oi mah ^.iii\ pa ni era, solid
oat Uur hollows, tl nliio extension rack
ind pini 'ii focus, Hfce and fall front,
AtU{( tnd ii'VeiHo bnck, timo and msiaiit
•ton tor, apitiiillid i- Iv i in.; 4 double haik
slides, Uf Ul Ahh tripo , all complete in
case      One first'olass p-u trait lens, F4;
iitiiubor i f Ions by lirat-class unikers;
a larjffc quantity of ptraphemalia which i>
usiid by amateur and professional plioto-
i^rapliurs. Tliosi; yn-uls are almost new.
and can be soon any evening from 0 to 0.
Ki'Bi't'lnsa instructions given to purchab-
oi8 by a gentleman of 27 yeare' ixp n ience
m thu luisiness. The prices of those
yo'ids will l»e ffund reasonable.
Por fui bar particular apply to
fei'ENCKtt BiiOTiiBitH, Cumborlaiid, B.C,
lt..|>'-,aiiiiiiii/ ThoGrti. A. Flotclier Co.,
Nalmimn, B.C.
Orders lrft at T.E.Bii'h's Stnrc prciaplly
..I1 HiiiUcl to.
Notary Public, Conveyancer. Etc.
[''OKSALK-lIoimn.  5  rooino.    Pii^e,
l'OIi ,-SALK - llmiso,   7   rooms,   Pi ice,
$1000 00. Terms cash
Apply, E. W. BK'IvLE,
LXiw \cr
}t Now   W-bt-
'uiiili ■nii'ti,  fir
in-i". o It.-.-.'ii uu . uup ■■■.,[ a. ni iiiircnoiv
c<i Crown lands (i o.. being part of an hi-
ilian Set.tlemebt) situate in the vicinity of
Timber Lioeuae No. 40780 on Read Is
'and. ,
2. I, on 'ho Fourteenth day of:January Iilili. did locate tho snid land by
plautinR at the Sbuthi nst corner >hereof
a post at Irtrtgi fi ur inches square and
Standing not leas than four foet above
the surface of the ground.
3. The aald post is about 20 chains
distant and in a northerly direction irom
North-East corner of Timber License
No. 40780,
4. 1, on tho same day, did inscribe on
the said post the name Ben. Roberta and
the letters S. E. Corner.
5. I, nn (he same day, didaltixt'the
said pos a notice with* the following
words written thereon:—
Commencing at a post planted 20
obains Ninth of Timber License No, 40780
then c west l'ii obains; thenco north 20
chains; thence west 20 chains; thence
north 20 chains thence west 20 chains;
thonce north 40 chains: thence eaat 2f>
chains more or less to the shore of Drew
Passage Calm Channel; thence following
Hhoioiu in a South-easterly direction to
place uf commencement, containing 2C0
0. Th purpose for which the Und is
'i quire'i U f r >gncult.tiral purp s s,
7. That 1 am nm dieijuaiitied to make
this application by the provisions < f sub-
stctiuM (11) of sictiiMi 'di of the uLand
Ao ."
And 1 make this si h inu declaration
conscicutiousl} believing it to be true,
and kiinwiiig that it. is if the same force
and effect as if made undor <bitli and by
virrue of tlio "Caoad ■ Evi<l'*nco Act."
Declared and aigind b. Ben It borts
on 30th dav nt .Imooii y, A.D   1012 be
f r- iop   '   V     It  (3
,\. ti   SOWNLEY,
A   UsVic.H    i Ui    I1 .o.;   i . mid  for   th<
Provinco ut liruiah Columbia.
■' ■-).,
Great SALE
Foi'TEN DAYS', cttrryrien.cirig
TO-DAY Pay-Day
MEN'S CLOTHING, HAT3 and BOOT3 Slaughtered
Ladies' Slippers ranging from 2.00 to 4.50,      mK*.
Going for ' •»^»
Men's 3.00 Hats, going for
/. N. McLEOD
Dunsmuir Acenue Cumberland
Sign Work A Specialty.      Estimates Given.
\ gent for Stained Paper, a good imitation of
3tai All orders   receive   Prompt
Capital $6,200,000
Reserve $7,000,000
Drafts Issued ln any currency, payable all over the world
highest current rates allowed on deposits of $1 and upwards
CUMBERLAND, B.C., Brunch -   -   -     OPEN DAIV
D. M. Morrison,  Manager
Wm. H. Hoff,  Manager.
Thuse Piiuius givii satisfaction in tone anil touch and are built *n
last a lifetime.
We carry the Victor Gramophone & VictroW
and Victor Records.    Call uud hear the latest novtircy,
The Victor Puzzle Record Price $i.Wj
Church St., NANAIMO, B. C. Opposite Bank oj
ST0CK=C A | p
-*■ ♦■
We are taking
stock at the end tl
the present montb
and are therefore
50 Barrels of Best Brsafl Flour-Hungarian-every
sack guaranteed to give satisfaction or money back.
Bought before the advance in flour.     *7.00 per bbl.
while it lasts,
boxes Choicest Winter Apples at    -  -     $2.00 per box


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