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The Islander Jan 26, 1918

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Array £»gi«lation Library
•W/E ISLANDER established 1910.
VOL. VIII.. No. 45
SCHOOL FOR THE BLIND
HalifaxPiN.S., Jan. 15th, 1918.
To the Friends of the Blind in
Canada:
In view of the recent terrible
explosion in Halifax, and the
number of persons who have become totally or practically blind
as a result of the same, the several organizations in Halifax for
the care and training of the blind
find themselves almost overwhelmed in meeting the new conditions which have arisen. Even
before the disaster the resources
of the Halifax School for the
Blind, the Home Teaching Society
for the Blind, the Maritime Association for the Blind, etc., etc.,
found it almost impossible with
their limited resources to meet
the demands upon them, but these
demands have been suddenly increased by the necessity for providing shelter, care and training
for upwards of two hundred men,
women and children, who have
lost their sight as a result of the
recent disaster. Under these
circumstances it is imperative
that an appeal be made to all
sympathetic and public spirited
Canadians. The best and most
effective way of making provision
for these sightless people is to
immediately increase the Blind
Endowment Fund so that it may
reach a total of $500,000. The
income arising from such an endowment fund will enable us to
meet the problems of the blind
in Halifax in a systematic and
practical manner, and would
bring to many atnenow helpless
and hopeless new opportunities
to fit himself or herself for the
battle of life, No greater need
to help the blind has ever arisen
in any part of (he world and I
believe that when the people of
Canada fully appreciate the situation generous help will be forthcoming. The Blind Endowment
Fund is in the hands of three
trustees, namely, the President of
the Board of Managers of the
School for the Blind, Halifax; the
Treasurer of the School for the
Blind, and the Eastern Trust Co.
of Halifax.
Contributions towards the Blind
Endowment Fund may be sent to
Sir Frederick Fraser, School for
the Blind, Halifax, N.S.
Dr. Arthur Piercy, eye specialist of Vancouver, arrived on
Thursday evening and was at T.
D. McLean's Jewellry store all
day on Friday and left for Vancouver Saturday morning. Dr.
Piercy will make regular monthly visit to Cumberland. Arrangements can be made with T. D.
McLean.
JAPANESE SHOW
PATRIOTIC SPIRIT
The citizens of Cumberland on
Wednesday morning just previous to the departure of the
train for Victoria witnessed an
unusual patriotic procession and
on an elaborate scale and to u far
greater extent than our own people are in the habit of doing.
The occasion was the departure
of M. Yamamato, a farmer of
Royston Road and M. Araki, a
coal miner of Cumberland, both
naturalized British subjects, joining the Canadian Expeditionery
forces under the Military Service
Act, and leaving Cumberland to
go in training at Willows Camp
at Victoria.
The procession started from
what is known as No. 5 Crossing
just outside of the city Hmits,
headed by two Japanese, both
naturalized British subjects, side
by side. One was carrying a
large Union Jack on a ten foot
pole. The other had a Japanese
flag on a similar scale. Then
came the Japanese school children, about fifty in number, each
carrying a Union Jack or a Japanese flag. Then seven gaily decorated automobiles with bunting
and flags of the Allies, and about
250 Japanese on foot, two and
two, and every one of them had
a flag, either a Union Jack or a
Japanese flag. Flags were very
piominent. Upon their arrival
at the station and the departure
of the train, they gave their
comrades a hearty send-off. All
the Japanese of No. 1 and No. 5
and outlying points were idle for
the day. They had left their
work to bid their fellow men fare
well.
hlitnhtv
1
ith which is Consolidated The Cumberland News.
THE CUMBERLAND NEWS established 1891
ANCOUVER ISLAND, B.C.. SATURDAY, JAN. 26,   1918.
Subscription price, $2.00 per year
The Ladies' Auxiliary of the
Cumberland General Hospital
will hold a regular meeting at
the home of Mrs. E. R. Hicks on
Thursday, January 3lst, to commence at 8 p.m. It is earnestly
requested that all members of
this organization attend this
meeting to prepare for the Spring
and Summer work in aid of the
Hospital that is in need of assistance from a financial standpoint. It has been suggested to
hold a Concert and Hospital Ball
in the Ilo Ilo Theatre on March
8th., in an attempt to raise funds
for the worthy institution.
Word has been received that
Sergeant A. E. Ross, brother of
Mrs. Henry Wilson of the Methodist Parsonage, has been killed
in action.
Service and Holy Communion
will be held in Holy Trinity
Church tomorrow morning at
11 a. m.
IfiissSftfe*1
MEETING OF
NEW COUNCIL
The recently elected city council for the year 1918 met in the
council chamber on Monday evening and after being duly sworn
in proceeded to business. There
were present Mayor Harrison,
Aldermen Braes, Banks, Carey,
Furbow, Halliday and Tarbell.
Mayor Harrison in'his opening
remarks briefly outlined several
matters that required attention
during the coming year some of
which are as follows:
Taxation of lands which have
been added to the school district.
Collection of arrears of taxes.
Trades licences.
The enacting of a by-law . to
provide for requisite monies to
cover the cost of scavenger service.
The question of having the
salary of the police magistrate
eliminated was also gone into.
The necessity of borrowing
some $2,500 from the local bank
to cover current expenditure.
Various select committees
were appointed to go into the
matters brought up by His Worship the Mayor, with instructions
to report respecting the same at
the next regular meeting of the
council to be held on the 29th
Inst.
The resolution pertaining to
the erection of steel works now
being taken up by the various
municipal councils of the province was referred to a select
committee for investigation afid
report, The resolution received
from the municipality of North
Vancouver was as follows:
WHEREAS in view ofthe tremendous loss in tonnage during
the present war, it is in the highest interest of the Empire that
every assistance possible should
be given by the Government to
the building of ships,
AND WHEREAS in view of
that industry in British Colum-
bia'and the consequent demand
for steel ship plates and the impossibility of securing them from
Eastern Steel plants in sufficient
quantities to allow the building
of ships to be proceeded-with
continuously; and the consequent
hampering of the industry by
reason of the limited supply of
these commodities, the time has
arrived when a steel plant should
be established in this Province
to supply the demand occasioned
by the said industry, and that in
order that such a plant be established, that inducements by way
of bonus oi guarantee of debentures, should be granted by the
Dominion Govern nent.
BE IT THEREFORE RESOLVED that the Union of B. C.
Municipalities place before the
Provincial and Dominion Governments the urgent necessity for
the immediate establishment of
such a plant within the Province, and that the Dominion
Government be asked to give
aid by way of bonus, subsidy
or guarantee of debentures ot
Companies establishing such
plants and that the same be
placed before the Provincia'
Government and be it requested
to urge upon the Dominion Government the necessity of such a
plant being established; failing
satisfactory arrangements being
made with a private Company,
that the Dominion Government
at once proceed with the erection
of a plant as a Government undertaking.
The following aldermen were
appointed members of the standing committees as follows:
Finance: George Tarbell, chairman; James Halliday and Will
iam Braes.
Public Works: Thomas H.
Carey, chairman; Thomas Banks,
and John Furbow.
Board of Health: Thomas E.
Banks, chairman; John Furbow
and Thomas H. Carey.
Fire Wardens: Thomas E.
Banks, chairman; Thomas H.
Carey and George Tarbell.
Alexander McKinnon was reappointed city clerk and James
Baird re-appointed scavenger.
The city clerk read the minutes of the previous meeting
which were adopted as read.
The annual fee payable to the
Imperial Guarantee Company for
the city clerk's bond was ordered
pa:d.
The following-accounts were
referred to the finance committee
for payment if found correct:
William McLellan $ 17.62
A. H. Peacey      2.55
Elec. Light Co    15.30
Water Works Co.      1,00
Elec. Light Streets....   69.71
"      Drill Hall      1.20
Total .       $107.38
Aid Banks, Carey and Braes
were appointed a committee by
the mayor to investigate and report on the resolution from Vancouver concerning the erection
of a steel plant on this coast.
Aid Carey, Tarbell and Furbow were appointed a committee
to take up the question of taxation of the school district and report at the next regular meeting
of the council.
Aid. Braes, Halliday and Tarbell were appointed to consider
the question of increasing the
revenue received from trade licences,
Aid. Banks, Tarbell and Carey
will consider the scavanger bylaw for further amendments.
The question of a double action
clock for the street lights came
up for consideration. The work-
ingmen complain that they are
compelled to go to work in the
mornings in darkness. The
double action clock would eliminate this trouble and turn on the
light" when needed.
It was decided to hold the next
regular meeting of the city council on Tuesday the 29th of January and every alternative Tuesday thereafter.
The business like manner in
which the proceedings were conducted and the energy determination and keen interest displayed by all members of the
council is deserving of the highest praise and it is generally
conceded with Mayor Harrison
at the helm that the affairs oi
the city council will be conducted
on a higher plane than here to
before. With the present council in power, Cumberland should
move forward.
The Dance and Social held ir
the Ilo Ilo Hall on Wednesdaj
evening under the auspices ol
the Young Ladies' Returned Soldiers Club, in aid of the Returned
Soldiers Hospital at Qualicum
was a great success from e-erj
point of view. The young ladie:
went out to win and gained a
c.owded house. In fact the largt
dance hall was taxed to its utmost capacity.. The ladies solicited refreshments gratis and sold
them for 25c. a plate, realizing
the sum of $50 on this feature
alcne. The total receipts for the
evening were in the neighborhood of $2.10, with expenses
something less than $3J. The
Tlie proceeds will go to buy com
forts for the wounded soldiers al
the Qualicum Hospital,
January Clearance Sale of
Ready-to-wear Hals. Milline'y
and Blouses to make way lor
Spring Goods to arrive at Mrs.
Roy Hideout's Millinery Parlors,
Dunsmuir Avenue.
AS HOPELESS
London, Jan. 22. —The British
destroyer Lizard was about two
miles from the northeasterly
point of the Island of Imbros on
patrol duty at 5.20 o'clock last
Sunday morning (Sultan Selim
and Midullu), says an official
statement from the Admiralty,
giving a detailed report of the
engagement which resulted in
the loss of the Breslau and the
beaching of the damaged Goeben-
The Breslau was steaming in a
northerly direction to the south
and east of Cape Cephalo, followed shortly by the Goeben, which
was about a mile astern. The
Lizard at once gave the alarm,
and opening fire, it proceeded to
keep in as close touch as possible
with the enemy ships. The Goeben and Breslau engaged the
Lizard at about eleven thousand
yards, shooting over her without
hitting.
The Goeben sighted British
monitors in Kusu Bay, on the
northeast corner of Imbros, and
engaged them, the Breslau continuing to fight the Lizard, which
was prevented from closing in
to torpedo range because of the
accuracy of the enemy's fire at
the shorter range. The destroyer Tigris now joined the Lizard
and the two destroyers endeavored to cover the monitors by
forming a smoke screen, in attempting which they were subjected to an accurate fire from
the Goeben.
Meanwhile one British Monitor, the Raglan, had been hit
heavily and sank. The small
monitor, M-28, which was on fire
amidships blew up and finally
disappeared about 6 a. m. The
enemy then ceased his fire and
altered his course to the southward.
TOWN    TOPICS
Dance as usual in Ilo Ilo Hall '
to-night 9 to 12.
Mrs. A. J. Burnside returned
on Sunday from a two months
visit to Fernie and parts in the
Interior.
" Mrs. William Harrison, who
has been on a four weeks visit to
her parents, Mr. and Mrs. John
Frame, left for Seattle on Wednesday.
Alfred Stanfield, of Winnipeg,
an expert motor mechanic,' arrived a few days ago and is taking charge of the Garage Department of the Kierstead Motor and Blacksmith shop.
E. M. Haines, Post Office Inspector of Vietoria, arrived on
Thursday evening and left on
Friday morning.
J. R. Lockard has returned
from a visit to Vancouver, Bel-
lingham and Sound Cities.
Gevelt Lumber Company are
making preparations to erect a
sawmill at Puntledge and expects to commence cutting lumber towards the latter part of
March.
The Primary Class, Division 9,
in the Cumberland Public School,
will be open to receive new
pupils, not younger than six years
old, during the week ending February 1st, 1918.—A. J. Richards,
Principal Pub. Sch.
The newly elected school board
held their first session in one of
the rooms of the public school on
Wednesday evening. Wesley
Willard was reappointed chairman and City Clerk McKinnon
was appointed secretary. The
board prepared their estimates
for the year 1918, amounting to
something over $13,000.00 for the
maintenance of the public schools.
The estimates will be submitted
to the city council on Tuesday
evening for their approval.
Union^Lodge, No. 11, I.O.O.F.
of Cumberland, held an "At
Home" in tho Ilo Ilo Hall on Friday evening. An interesting
feature of the evening was the
presentation of "Veteran Jewels"
to the following members of the
Order: W.H.Wright, of England;
Charles Whyte, Cumberland; J.
Fulcher, Union Bay; Jno. Denton,
Chilli wack; Matthew Piercey,
Cumberland; W. D. Cessford,
Cumberland; and Alex. Lindsay,
Victoria. Veteran jewels are
presented to members of the lodge
who have been associated with
that fraternal order for a quarter
of a century. J. H. Glass, of
Penticton, G. M. of the Grand
Lodge, was here to make the
presentation.
M? ANNETTE   *   r
KELLERMANN,
GREATEST 'WOMAN
SWIMMER  AND STAR
OF  WILLIAM   FOX
$.1,000,000 PICTURE
n "A Daughter of the Gods," at
the Ilo o i Thursday, Jan. 31st,
Submarine Lostea at Low Mark.
London, Jan. 23.—Again the
sinkings of British merchantmen
hy mine or submarine have been
held at a low point. Only six
vessels of 1,600 tons or over and
two under that tonnage were destroyed in tne last week, according to the Admiralty report tonight,   The summary:
"Arrivals, 2,255; sailings, 2,-
242; British merchantmen, 1,000
tons or more, sunk by mine or
submarine, 6; under 1,(100 tons,
2; fishing vessels, none; British
merchantmen unsuccessfully attacked, 6."    .
The sinkings of British merchantmen for the last week duplicate the sinkings of the previous week -six large ships and
two small ones. In the previous
week two fishing vessels also
were sunk; in the last week the
fishing craft escaped entirely.
TheAdmiialty reports on January 2 and January 9 gave the
sinking as 21 merchantmen, of
which 18 were more than 1,000
tons in each ease. TWO
THE ISLANDER,  CUMBERLAND, B. (5.
VICTORY FOLLOWS
THE FLAO.
Silt? Jalantor
Published every Saturday by the Islander
Publishing Company at Cumberland,
B.C., Canada.   Telephone 3-5.
Subscription: One year in advance, $2.00;
Single copies, 5c. Foreign subscriptions
to countries in Postal Union, $2.00
SATURDAY, JANUARY 26th, 1918
do—no yard room is necessary
and the eggs produced should keep
the house supplied and still leave
enough to sell to less thrifty
' neighbours, to pay for all the
supplementary feeds which it is
necessary to purchase.
What is more tempting to the
appetite than an absolutely new
laid egg from a flock that has
been cleanly fed? Once used to
home produced eggs, the consumer will never be content to
depend on store eggs. If you
don't believe this, try it.
Under present conditions, increased production should not be
brought about by increasing the
number of poultry farms, but
rather by increasing the size and
number of farm flocks, culling
closely, and keeping nothing but
good producers and last but of
primary importance—by the increase in the number of backyard poultry plants where flocks
may be kept largely on feed that
would othei wise be wasted.
POULTRY PRODUCTION
At this time when economical
production is of first consideration, the question of whether
production should be increased
by encouraging the number of
poultry farms or by increasing
the Hocks kept on farms and in
back-yards in the towns and cities becomes of special interest.
That the poultry specialist usually gets better results than the
farmer, goes without saying. He
gets better results because he
has to; if he did not he would
soon be out of business. He has
nothing but his poultry to depend
on; he must show a profit. It
costs him so much more to feed j
his poultry than it does the I
farmer that his only salvation is
in increased production. He;
must get it or fall by the wayside—one of the failures in the
poultry business.
With the present high and the
ever ascending prices of feed, it
is becoming more and more diffi-.
cult for the specialist to show a
satisfactory profit so that we
must turn for increased production to| sources where the feed
problem is not so acute. This
brings us to the mixed farm
where a flock is kept as a side
line and to the town-dweller.
Every farm in the country
should carry a fiock large enough
to make the best use of the unsaleable grains, vegetables and
waste milk. There are few
farms that could not to great advantage carry a flock of at least
one hundred hens. But the
flock must be put on a business
basis. One member of the family—prel'erahlj one of the younger members' .should be given
full charge. Careful records
should be kept and all waslers
promptly disposed of. In this
way the production may be greatly increased without any corresponding increase in cost.
Most of the work will be done
by one of the younger members
of the family. It will interfere
very little wilh the general farm
work. It will generally be necessary to purchase some feeds to
supplement those available on
the farm, hut by so doing much
of the lower grade products may
be fed to produce a greater profit
than if sold or fed to any other
live stock.
The greatest hope for increased production at the present
time lies in the back-yard flocks.
There is no reason why every
city, town and village should not
be wholly or in great part at any
rate self-supporting from an egg
standpoint. There are hundreds
and thousands of dollars' worth
of good feed thrown in the garbage pails evei y day. The waste
going on even yet in our cities is
simply appalling. The kitchen
waste from the ordinary family
of five or six peopie may be fed
to best advantage to a flock of
about twenty-five birds. This is
more than many will want to
keep, but a flock of this size will
only require a house about twelve
feet square- even a little less will
INCREASED PRODUCTION IS
ABSOLUTELY NECESSARY
Office of the Food Controller,
Ottawa, January 9th,. 1918. My
Dear Sir:—It is unnecessary for
me to point out to you the serious
world food situation and the imperative need of encouraging in'
creased production during 1918,
I am writing to thank the newspaper editors for what they are
doing to make known the facts
and to arouse the people to a
realization of the gravity of the
problem. I want also to suggest
the advisability of stimulating
local interest, as much as possible, in ways and means by which
production may be increased in
each and every community. In
this work, the newspapers can
perform an invaluable public service and at the same time interest their readers in practical discussions which have a direct
bearing upon local problems in
connection with the effort for increased production. I am taking
the liberty of suggesting a few
of the questions which might be
so discussed.
In some of our Provinces there
is certain legislation restrictive
of agricultural production. It
may be necessory under normal
conditions, but in times of national peril such laws should be
suspended or amended. Then,
too, most of the Provinces control their own game and fish laws
and the supply of food could be
considerably increased by making use nf game and fish to a
greater extent than is possible at
present, if these laws were carefully considered in the light of
the urgent need for food aod
special regulations put in force
wilh a view to utilizing to the
utmost every available source of
fiod supply while the present
emergency continues. The keeping of hogs within the limits of
Canadian municipalities has been
strongly recommended, but is
practically prohibited by existing
municipal restrictions, The people living in suburban areas adjoining the cities and towns of
Germany maintain and raise in
this way nearly half a million
hogs in excess of the total hog
population of Canada. Poultry
keeping within municipal areas,
under reasonable restrictions,
would also be of general benefit.
Legislation controlling and re-
ducit g the number of useless
dogs in the country would do
much to promote production of
sheep.
Small lot gardening should also be encouraged. In this way
an abundant supply of fresh veg-
i tables would be assured and
land now devoted to market gardens could be used for rain crops.
This year the idea ought to be
not merely to grow potatoes, but
to grow good potatoes and all
kinds of vegetables. Last year
thousands of city people did a
little gardening for the first time.
This year their experience will
be of value and the results should
he in proportion to their proficiency.
Stock - Taking Specials
This Week
Dark and light striped Flannellette, 32in. widths, at 15c. per yard
Heavy brown Turkish Towels at 35c. each.
Small check and plaid zephyr Ginghams, fast colors, 6 yds. for $1.00
New Goods now being Shown:
Curtain Muslins in Madras, plain.
Hemstitched and Colored bordered Voiles.
Art Muslins and White Spot Muslins.
Chintz and Art Draperies.
Newest designs in Ladies' White Voile Waists at popular prices'
i-4
i
4
You are conversant with local
conditions in your municipality
and, doubtless, can add to the
suggestion which I have made.
Greater production offers the
only permanent solution of the
food problem and I am confident
that the Press of Canada will do
its utmost to impress the facts
upon the people of this country.
Closely connected with the
problem of increased production
is the necessity of organizing the
man power of the cities so that
it may be the greatest possible
factor in the successful prosecution of the war. This at once
suggests a large number of questions in regard to the employment of men in unnecessary
work, multiplication of services,
etc. By discussion of some of
these problems through the newspapers much good could be accomplished.
Information which this office
can give you in connection with
any of these matters will be
supplied gladly and we shall
welcome any suggestions which
you may be good enough to offer. We have established a general Information Division which
is engaged in collecting the latest
available data in regard to the
questions which I have mentioned. This Division is at your
service,   Very truly yours,
W. J. Hanna.
Correspondence
Victoria, B. C, Jan. 14, 1918—
T. D. McLean: My Dear Friend,
—I feel impelled to write you a
line tonight, I thought you
might like to know about the
boy, if not about his dad. Being
alone tonight and thinking of
old times, your face and that of
my other old .friend, your better
half, came very clearly before
me, though every time I wound
that watch you gave me since I
saw you last I have thought of
you.
I suppose you have heard that
Ernie in the early part of last
year left the Bank and joined
the flying corps, He got his commission before he was 18 and
was instructing in flying before
his eighteenth birthday. He is
now at Fort Worth, Texas, training Americans in aerial gunnery,
wireless, etc. He is considered
one of the best they have. Not
bad for a Cumberland boy, what?
But we are two lonesome people just the same and it has been
a very dreary Xmas and New
Years without the lad. He
counted on getting up to Cumberland when home on leave after passing his exams, but they
only gave him 24 hours and they
thought that was a big thing to
do. His mind always went back
to Cumberland. The man who
could make a watch and a row-
boat stuck in his mind. He used
tosay, "that'ssome going, dad."
I trust you and Mrs. McLean are
keeping in better health than in
times past. I see Stoddard quite
frequently since he came back
from France. He is married and
settled down. He works in the
navy yard. Hes a good job and
deserves it, after what he went
through.
I have tried to get to France
myself as an aide to base Hospital, but my eye and age shut me
out, though in many ways I am
a younger and more active man
than a great many of the doctors
who have gone.
I am sending you two snap
shots of the kid, otherwise Lieut.
E. O. Hall, Royal Flying Corps.
He said he would like you to have
one. I am sending two. How's
that for vanity.
Well, good-bye and good luck,
with love to you both. Sincerely
Yours, L. W. HALL.
FOR SALE-One Victor Range,
Nickel Plated, cost $75. In
good condition. Will sell for
$35.   Apply Islander.
In Long Distance Telephoning you get Service
The value of the telephone is not only its convenience, but at any time you can reach anyone you
want. All you have to do is to call Long Distance,
give the name and address of the party wanted
and the time at which you would like to talk, and
she will do the rest. Be they far or near, travelling or at home, they will be located and will be
available at the appointed time. Long distance
telephone service is much more comprehensive
than one realizes.
British Columbia Telephone Co., Ltd.
U.B. C.   BEER
IS A PURE MALT BEVERAGE
which meets an adult human
need that is almost universal.
PURE    BEER
like U.B.C, has a real food value and combines
the extracts of the choicest Canadian
Barley and Hops
UNION BREWING CO.,  LTD.,
NANAIMO, B.C. THE tSLANDEftcUMBERLAND, B.C.
I'HREE
Warm That
Chilly Corner
of your house with one of the famous HEDLITE
HEATERS. They warm as the sun warms, with
direct concentrated heat waves and a cheerful
glow. For their size they are the best and most
economical heater ever placed on the market.
We give special rates for current with these heaters whereby they only cost 2\ cents per hour to
operate. One of these heaters placed in a bathroom on a frosty night will often save its cost in
burst water pipes with all their attendant incon-
vience and discomfort. See us about one now and
be ready for the next cold snap.
THE HOME OF ELECTRICITY
Cumberland Electric Lighting
Phone 75 Co., Ltd. p. Q. 314
LAYRITZ   NURSERIES
VICTORIA, B.C.
Headquarters for Choice Nursery Stock—all home grown.
Fruit and Ornamental Trees, Small Fruits, Roses, etc.,
and in fact all hardy trees and plants for the Garden.
Largest and best assorted stock in the country. Price list
on application.
[ESTABLISHED 24 YEARS.]
THE NEW EDISON
"The Phonograph with a Soul."
Interest in the New Edison Diamond Disc
Phonograh grows stronger daily. No one
hearing the rich true tones of this perfect instrument could do other than long for one in
his own home. With this instrument there
are no needles to change. The diamond point
is permanent and never Wears out.
The Records used are double-disc, and are indestructible—lasting a life time.
It comes in a variety [of finishes and woods to match any
setting.
Mr. Edison's remarkable genius and his years of strenuous
work have resulted in this instrument, which is as nearly
perfect as human ingenuity can make it.
G. A. Fletcher Music Co.
Nanaimo, B.C. Cumberland, B.C.
BAKERY RE-OPENS
The NEW HOME BAKERY
Will be open again in the Old
Stand with a full supply of
Fresh Bread, Cakes,
Pies, etc.
Wedding Cakes a Specialty
NEW HOME BAKERY
J. HALLIDAY
Dunsmuir Ave.,      Cumberland.
Marocchi Bros.
Grocers and
Bakers
Cumberland and Courtenay, B.C.
CHARLIE   SING   CHONG
Groceries, Dry Goods, Boots and Shoes
Hardware, Croceryware and
General Merchandise
CHARLIE SING CHONG,
West Cumberland. B.C.
HONG CHONG & CO.,
Bevan, B.C.
CTjMggg
Copenhagen
IS TBE WORLD'S BEST CHEW
It is manufactured
tobaCcoinhs purest
form. ; -. '.-.
It has a pleasing
flavor,
.11. is. tobacco scienr -.
tifically   prepared
for man's use.
w*  '--PUBLIC NOTICE
„.Take.notice that I, the under
signed, and Lee Jone, al-e no«
and- .have, always been the sol
and-only owners of that eertaii
business situated at Bevan, B.C..
and which we have beretofort
and do now carry on under th
name of "Sang Yick, dealers ii
general merchandise."
That Lee Wing and Lee Jone
each hold one undivided half interest, and that no other person
or persons are interested in tin
said business nor has any other
person any share or right in said
business by way of being a partner or otherwise howsoever.
LEE WING.
Dated this 17th dny of Jan., l'J18
Ilo Ilo Theatre
ONEDAYONLY
Thursday, Jan. 31st.
ANNETTE KELLERMAN
In the Wonderful Allegorical Story, In 10 Reels,
A DAUGHTER OF
THE GODS"
Prices; Lower Floor 50c.   -   Galleries 60c.,
Box Seats 75c.
.<
Commencing Feb. 1st, 1918.
PARAMOUNT^ARTCRAFT
Film Service Will Begin
Two Programs a Week of JJaramoimt-Artcraft Films,
have been Booked For a Year.   These Productions
Feature the Headlinersin the Film World, including,
ALL FILMS PRODUCED FOR ONE YEAR
BY FAMOUS STARS
Mary Pickford, and Marguerite Clarke, in such productions as "Sunnybrook Farm," "The Little American"
''Bab" series, etc,; Julian Eltinge, Woman Charcter
Impersonator; Douglas Fairbanks comedies; Wm. S.
Hart, famous western character portrayor; Madame
Pretrova, and Lina Cavaliera, famous stage artists;
Elsie Ferguson, in "Barbery Sheep"; Jack Pickford,
George Beban, Pauline Frederick, Wallace Reid,
Dorothy Da I ton, who 'yfok featured in "Flame of the
Yukon", and Many Others.
They will all be your favorites.  'Watch for Dates.
TRENCHES BEAT PANAMA
i
KS5*X5ffC*H
Staggering   Statistics   of Digging on
West Front
A statistician has figured that tlie
French soldiers in building their ma^y
lines of trenches have excavated twice
as much dirt as was taken from th-}
Panama Canal. This din would cov< r
the Great Sahara Desert to a de u
or two and a half feet and cobrert
this barren region, with the ne
sary water, into one Immense gaiden.
These figures are supplied by a*i officer who si,out many dull hours in a
front line trench on. the ne eflJtuy
computation.
Germans and, allies have both dvg
rows ot sets of trenches for full ihe
hundred miles from SwlUerlaud lo
Ihe sea. In each sot ol trencittid are
perhaps eight separate Individual
ditches, while between the sets are
stretches of barb wire said often to
be a mile In width. The trenches are
about six feet deep. Besides these
parallel lines there are an enormous
number of cross, or "communicating"
trenches, besides bomb-proof shelters,
and big underground caves used for
many purposes—is dining roosts, ilrst
aid dressing stations for the wounded
and  sleeping  places.
All this digging has been done by
the labor of pick and spade. When
It is remembered that large steam
shovels were used on the Panama
Canal, the \astness of the work here
is understood. Much of this earth
has been put in bags about the si-:e
of the ordinary (lour sack: and used as
parapets for the trenches. It is figured hy this same statistician that if all
tbe earth thus dug were put in such
receptacles 9uG.000.000.000 sacks
would be needed. Of course, no such
number of sacks has hern used.
In Uouhnix the German invaders
started the French factories making
Vjch trench bags. The patriotic women and children refused to work on
the bags. The general In command
as a result arrested the Mayor and
more than a hundred leading manufacturers and sent them to a concentration camp In Inner Germany. By
International law no enemy has a right
to force a captive population to fight
or work against their country.
The earth thrown from the trenches
would form a parapet Ave feet high
long enough to enclose the whole
French frontier of the north and east
and leave enough over to close Italy
and encircle the republic of San Marino. If thrown into the Dardanelles,
the dirt would fill them up.
REDMEN VERY LOYAL
Qlv. Money and Work and Lives Freely In Cause
The excellent patriotic work of the
File Indians at Balcarres, Sask., continues. In October, 1914, thirty-three
ot these colonists subscribed $502.10
to the Patriotic Fund, each farmer giving a certain number of bushels of
grain. During the winter that followed, the now famous File Indian Brass
Band gave concerts thereby raising
another $212 which went to the Bel
glan Relief Fund, and the Red Cross
Branch of this Colony raised 1500 and
endowed a bed In Cliveden Hospital.
The young Indian women have done a
great deal of knitting and sewing. The
branch has a membership of 86 while
there are only one hundred and sixty
souls — thirty-eight men, twenty-six
women and ninety-six children—In tht
Colony.   "
The patriotism of these Indiana
doea not stop here. Two young men
went to the front with the second contingent and six more with the next.
The File Indians lay claim to having
the oldest Red Cross Society member
In' the British Empire In the person
of Pointed Cap. Thla celebrated
character says that he Is the ripe old
age of 107. He Is now an "associate
member" of the Red Cross and proudly wears on his heart tlie little red
cross, the emblem of tlie Society.
Older members of the Colony threaten
to enlist. One man who is the father
of nine children lias expressed his intention of so doing, and his wife nays,
"I will not stop hint." Despite the
fact that hailstorms destroyed all tho
crops In the Colony In 1015, the Kile
Indians were not downhearted, hut
made arrangements to continue their
good work during the winter lo aid
the boys across the sea.
Canadian's Many Honors
Youthful H. W. Niven, ot tlie Prin-
cess Patricias has had a spectacular
military career. Ilo joined the Princess Pats In Calgary as a private, and
so distinguished himself under fire
that he was give a commission. In
one ot the lights all his superior officers were killed, and he took command of the regiment, a position he
retained for a considerable time.
Niven has been through the whole of
the heavy lighting In which the Princess Pats have taken part, was once
wounded and was given the D.S.O. and
the Military Cross. He Is n son of
Dr. J. S. Niven, of London, Ont.
In the British navy no ninn is forced to serve on a submnrine The crew
consistH of volunteers, of whom ample
numbers are always forthcoming. POUR
THE ISLANDER. CUMBERLAND, B.C.
Corporation of the City of Cumberland
FINANCIAL STATEMENT
Statement of Receipts and Expenditures
ot the City of Cumberland for the year
ending December 31st., 1917:
RECEIPTS.
City Road Tax  $
Dog Tax	
Hall Rent 	
Military Prisoner Refund.
Police Court Fines and Costs
Pound Fees 	
Keal Estate Tax Collections
Scavenger Tax       	
Scavenger Buckets	
Sewer Rentals	
Scale Account  ,	
Trail's License	
Total Receipts
EXPENDITURES.
Advertising    :-  $
Charity Account 	
City Huiiding Repairs	
Don Tags      	
Elections Account 	
Fuel Account 	
Fire Protection	
Health Account 	
Interest Account	
Military Prisoner	
Office 	
Refunds City RoadTax	
Refund Hotel Licenses 	
Real Estate	
Scavenger Buckets   	
Scavenger 	
Sundries 	
Street Account
A. Maxwell $387.00
D. Kilpatrick 83.07
Wages 55.50
Stable Account 	
Street Lighting	
Street Lighting Installation	
Scale Account  	
Salaries, City Clerk 	
E. W. Bickle    ...
Jos. Shaw 	
G. Herman 	
J. H. Gregory,	
Richard   Pearse	
T. Conn    	
Jas. Baird 	
Tool Account        	
Telephone Account 	
Workman's Compensation Assessments.
312.00
68.00
2.50
7.00
178.50
20.00
7,048.52
1,080.73
34.50
82.53
9.25
1,657.50
$10,501.13
180.34
5.50
249.88
3.60
86.78
12.00
25.00
215.60
160.55
43.70
67.20
30.00
462.50
17.60
60.60
6.00
149.85
525.57
423.50
647.78
466.88
49.85
480.00
100.00
200.00
338.50
141.50
462.00
925.00
180.00
6.40
22.05
Statement of receipts and expenditure
for Public & High Schools for year ending Dec. 31st., 1917:
RECEIPTS.
Govt. Grant
City Grant ...
$   8735.85
3292.17
Total    $12028.02
EXPENDITURE.
Salary Account    I  9537.50
Janitor    "       ,  1035.00
Sec. Account     60.00
Medical Inspector  100.00
Repairs, Wm. McLennan  20.00
H. Parkinson  50.00
C. H. Tarbell  191.00
Fuel Acct., C. C. (D) Ltd.,... 300.00
J. Jonson  42.75
Expense Acct., Insurance ... 120.00
Furniture  175.00
Printing  35.80
Water and Light  84.90
Blinds, Etc  35.-0
Washing  25.00
Plumbing  40.30
Floor Oil  42.50
Books, etc  110.00
Sundries  23.17
41.94
Total Expense $12028.02
Respectfully Submitted,
THOMAS H. CAREY, Sec.
Audited and found correct,
v J. STEWART.
January 9th. 1918.
Unpaid Checks on hand
Jan. 1st. 1917.  $ 2,150.8
City Expenditure      6,777.67
Cost of School     3,292.17
Total Expenditure, 1917    12,220.72
Total City Revenue for 1917 ...   10,501,13
Deficit for year 1917.....:  1719.59
ASSETS,
Tax arrears to Dec. 31,1916... $ 2,522.74
Interest onsame  203,79
Taxes Outstanding for year 1917 1680.30
Total t 4,406.83
Scavenger Rates Unpaid } 130430
Sewer Rentals       207.42
Team Horses      350.00
Waggon, Sleighs, Harness, etc....     300.00
City Building and Lots $2,000.00
Safe     250,00
Fire Hall Apparatus    1200.00
Isolation Hospital Buildings      600.00
Sewer Pipes        50.00
Total   $ 10,668.55
86,777.67 LIABILITIES.
Unpaid Checks   $  1,719.59
1 hereby certify that I have examined the Books and Accounts of the City of
Cumberland for the year ending December 31st., 1917, and find them correct and
as set fortli above. J. STEWART, Auditor.
Cumberland, B.C., Jan. 12th., 1918.
iOMFORD'S CASH GROCERY
PHONE 71
T. H. Mumford begs to announce that he has opened a Cash
Grocery Store on Dunsmuir Ave., and respectfully
solicits your patronageA
Note Special Prices quoted below:
B. & K. Pas'ry Flour, 101b sacks	
"    Graham Flour, 101b sack 	
"    Standard Oatmeal	
"    llol led Oats, 71b sack 	
Bull: Tea, special	
Great West Tea .., '	
Braid's Bthl Tea	
Wooden Boxes Tea, 2£lb	
Braid's Best Coffee, per lb	
Frj 's Cocoa, 41b tin ,	
No. 1 Rice, per lb j	
Small White Beans. 21b     •..
Benson's Corn Starch, per pekge	
Sunlight aid Lifebuoy Soap, 2 packages.
Washing Soda, 3tb       	
Household Ammonia, per bottle	
Silver Gloss Starch, per package	
Bon Ami, 2 packages a>	
r     70
70
70
55
40
50
55
1 25
50
25
10
25
15
15
10
20
15
25
Sesqui Matches, per package ...           15
Candles, per lb	
New Currants, per lb	
Seeded Raisins, lib package
Griffin Seedless Raisins, 31b.
Large Prunes, per lb	
Roger's Syrup, 3lb glass	
Molasses, 21b tins	
Spices, per tin 	
Extracts, 2oj. bottle
  20
  25
  15
  40
  15
  40
  15
  10
 ™  20
Tavlor & Pringle Pickles, per bottle *  30
H.P. Sauce, per bottle  25
Brown or White Wine Vinegar  20
Bakers' Chocolate, per lb ^  55
Eagle Sweet Chocolate, per lb  40
Maple Leaf Milk, 2 tins  25
Swifts' Premium Hams and Bacons.   Perrjns' Biscuits.
The Store will be closed from 1 to 2 o'clock p.m. each day.
SYNOPSIS OF COAL MININQ REGULATIONS
/"K)AL mining rights of the Dominion,
^ Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the Yukon Territory, the Northwest Territories and in a portion of the
Province of British Columbia, may be
leased for a term of twenty-one years renewable for a further term of 21 years at
an annual rental of $1 an acre. Not more
than 2,500 acres will be leased to one ap
plicant.
Application for a lease must be made by
the applicant in person to the Agent or
Sub-Agent of the district in which the
rights applied for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must be
described by sections, or legal sub-divi
sions of sections, and in unsurveved territory the tract applied for shall be staked
out by the applicant himself.
Each application must be accompanied
by a fee of $5 which will be refunded if
the rights applied for are not available,
but not otherwise. A royalty shall be paid
on the merchantable output' of the mine
at the rate of five cents per ton.
The person operating the mine shall
furnish the Agent with sworn returns accounting for the full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay the royalty
thereon. If the coal mining rights are not
being operated, such returns should be
furnished at least once a year.
The lease will include the coal mining
rights only.
For full information application should
be made to the Secretary of the Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or to any
Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion Lands.
W. W. Cory,
Deputy Minister of the Interior,
N.B.—Unauthorized publication of this
advertisement will not be paid for.
EDWARD W. RICKLE
Notary public and General
insurance aoent
Representing
Royal Exchange Assurance,
London, England.
National Fire of Hartford.
Queen Insurance Company.
Fidelity-Phoenix Fire Insurance
Company of New York.
Providence, Washington. Insurance, Company.
British Empire Underwriters'
Agency.
Maryland Casualty Company
of Baltimore.
PHONES:
OFFICE 35
RESIDENCE 78
THE ISLANDER BUILDING
NM«mi Ml., CIIMIIRLAND. I.C.
This is to urge you
that you get your Suits Cleaned, Repaired and Pressed for
onn month. Then form your
own conclusion. If it leads to
better spirits, better health,
continue it. If it does away
with dirt, improves your appearance, continue it. Remember a well-dressed man always
wants the best.
Also you must get your shoes
cleaned; and don't throw vour
tan shoes away because they
are old—have them dyed:
Aik for the Monthly Rates.
' Local agents for
The Victoria Hat Works,
Victoria, B.C.
Cumberland
DYE WORKS
Kierstead's Garage
A. STANFORD, having taken
over the Repair Department of
Mr. Kierstead's Garage, wishes
to inform the motoring public
of this and the surrounding district he is able to undertake the
Repairs of any make of car. A
trial will be appreciated and will
prove to customers undoubted
satisfaction.   Terms Reasonable.
e
ac
ID!
THE   BIG   STORE
NEW SPRING GOODS
Within the next ten days we expect thousands
of dollars' worth of the newest novelty and
staple lines in Dry Goods. Our leading lines
of Blouses are well to the front and our first
consignment has already arrived. For spring
wear Voiles still lead the way arid are shown
in a fine assortment of dainty lines, with
Georgette Crepe and Crepe de Chene favorites
for evening wear.
LACES
Immediately after Stocktaking, January 31st, we will open a very
choice lot of the newest and nattiest lines in fine Laces which have
arrived.
CORSETS
Our popular line of D. & A. Corsets are well to the front and you
can save some money on this line as our prices are still low compared with the new prices just out.     The La Diva Corset we guarantee to give you satisfaction, or your money back. t
New Pongee Silks and Cotton Crepes
Arriving this week will be the largest consignment of Pongee Silks,
including the very heavy coating which is so popular and so hard to
get, as well as a comprehensive showing of other values. Striped
Cotton Crepes are to be extra good for early spring, and we have
some of the best lines at hand for your inspection.
PENMAN'S LISLE HOSE
About 20 doz. of this guaranteed line to be put on sale, all sizes,
price 60c. a pair.   We will guarantee the color of every pair of this
special line.
GROCERY  DEPARTMENT
We still pride ourselves on our Service in this department, and we
feel convinced you will find our values are right. Service and value
are the two outstanding qualities, combined with Choice, which
makes a store efficient. "If not already one of our customers, come
and give us a trial order and be convinced. We can save you money
at the Big Store.
SIMON LEISER & CO.,
LIMITED.
THE   BIG  STORE.
Phone 3-8
3E3
ac
'*
r
■
*
n
ILO ILO THEATRE
For next week only the serial
story, Red Ace, can be shown on
Tuesday night only, as it will not
be received in time for showing
Monday. A five reel feature will
also be shown.
Leave your orders for coal hauling with the Star Livery Stable,
Alex. Maxwell, Prop.
FOR SALE   One heifer and three
milk cows, one cow fresh three
weeks. These are Jersey stock-
THOMAS PEARSE,
Happy Valley.
Cumberland Tailor
Repairing, Pressing end  Cleaning
Ladies' Tailoring a Specialty.
S.   ISAKA
Phone 1
Gents Tailors Prices Moderate
See Annette Kellerman in "A Daughter
of the Gods/' Thursday, Jan. 31st.

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