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The Islander Feb 20, 1915

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Largest Circulation in the Comox District.
VOL. V., No. 48
THE ISLANDER. CUMBERLAND, B.C., SATURDAY, FEB. 20. 1915.      Subscription price. $1.50 per year
CANADIANS GO
TO THE FRONT
GERMAN ATTACK PREARRANGED
Returning from a few months'
visit to England,  Mr. J. C. M.
Smith speaks interestingly of his
i experiences in that country  dur-
! ing the last few   months.     He
PATRIOTIC WAR FUND
The trustees of the Comox District Patriotic .Association held
their regular monthly meeting in
the council chambers on Friday
evening.     In the absence of W.
SEA TRAFFIC
UNDISTURBED
Northern France Feb. 17. On j went to England to confer with l Willard, chairman to the board,; London, Feb. 18. No incidents
Monday the Canadian contingent j the architect for the Ecclesiasti- Mr. Thos. A. Spruston, of Bevan so far as is known have yet
arrived in France and were driv-1 eal Commission on the plans for] was voted to the chair. i marked the opening of Germany's
en rapidly forward to join the
British army. Hour after hour
the great troop trains swept past
the proposed new Anglican cath- Robert Henderson, secretary to submarine blockade of the Brit-
edral at Victoria. He spoke of'the board, read the minutes of I ish Isles, although it has been in
the remarkable manner in which! the previous meeting, statin": force for nearly 24 hours, nor has
distinguishable for nothing save ] the Germans planned their future j that the Canadian Collieries had ; the British Government thus far
the apparently interminable pro-j attack on the British Isles, as was j offered one load of coal free per j announced its retaliatory meas-
cession of freight cars or horse j evidenced by the concrete beds month to the families of those l ures. Precautions, however, are
cars. Then one train stopped and i that had been provided for their: who had left for the front, for a being taken on this side of the
scores of men hopped on the plat- guns,   always within  range  of • period of six months.     Mr.   Kil-1 North Sea. and although the Ger-
form, grimy from two days and
nights on the cars.   Two minutes
some important fortification  onpatrick, it was stated, would haul man government has warned the
city.    He instanced two places the coal free of charge.     These i German people not to expect any
ater the train was sweeping outi -n   particular,   one close to the generous   offers   were accepted!sensational    developments    for
naval base at Rosyth,  and  the! witj, a vote 0f thanks. some   days,   the regular  cross-
other overshadow.n2* the city of     *,*,, .. ., ,, I  , . *       .
Edinburgh. No sLjns of alarm j ^ he case ol Mrs.George Brown ; channel passenger services have
at the prospects of further raids was freely di cussed, and was; been somewhat curtailed. Other-
oti the English coast by the Ger- j laid on the table for future con- j wise the sea trade of the country
man warships are in evidence, | sideration. Bevan trustees re-1 is proceeding much as usual. The
general opinion merely regarding | ported that Frank Cope had cie-| White Star liner Adriatic, from
again towards the front, the soldiers shouting, singing and waving greetings. The happy time
of preparation was over and real
war beginning. So ends one of
the most exciting and interesting
chapters in the history of the
present war.
Within a couple of days the
88th Fusiliers of Victoria will be
up to full peace strength, which
means a total of 540 men. This
is almost a record in respect to
rapid enlistment. The response
to the call for volunteers for the
third contingent is so ready that
the officers do not expect to be as
long in the organization of the
the raids as attempts to divert
the British fleet from its original
plan. No chances were being
taken in London where all lights
possible were put out to avoid the
attention of Zeppelins. The enormous numbers of spies who over
ran the country were being gradually reduced.
Venice, Feb. 17. It is reported
that bread riots have occured in
.■Bohemia. A dispatch Carlsbad
says that at Altrohlau, near here,
no bread has been procurable for
cided to leave for the front, leav- ] New York, crossed the Irish Sea
ing a wife and one child. Cum-! during the night, but did not re-
berland trustees reported Mr. A.: sort to the use of a neutral fiag.
Ponder as joining the army. It In England, Germany's reply to
was decided to wait and ascertain ] the American note of protest is
if these men were accepted be-1 creating more interest than the
fore tendering their families the.threatened blockade.
allotted allowance.
The secretary read the financial '■ Commenting on the war. which
statement which is as follows: he said was terrible, Cardinal
Cash on hand $1571,55; receipts Gibbons,at Baltimore, stated that
from Canadian Collieries employ-1 scriptural prophecies of the con-
several days and that 600 women
48th Battalion as was taken  in bringing their children, came into collected in a few days
the establishment of thet which Harlsbad from that village to beg adjourned until March
has just left for the front.
Paris,  Feb. 17.-
General Joffre, the
French commander-
in-chief, continues to
carry out his settled
policy of weeding out
men from the higher
ranks of the army in
favor of younger and
more active men.
To-days' appointive
list, made public by
Gen. Joffre, contains
the names of nine
generals of division
w ho have been
placed on the reserve
list and succeeded by
men promoted from
brigadier - generalships.
! the authorities to send them food.  Bevan.
ees. $208.00.    Arrears owing the
Fund by business men   would be
Meeting
19th,  at
ditions that shall prevail near the
end of the world seem to be in
process of fulfilment.
Four steamers are
due for coal next
week.
THE FAMOUS GREAT MOSQUE OF CAIR   •.--••The chief beauly aid interest of Cairn, begun in thc year 1356.
The wheels of the
coal mining industry
at Cumberland are
idle through the
wholesale importation of fuel oil from
California andWasl -
ington coal. It is
hoped that the Fed-
eralGovernment will
give this part of the
province immediate
relief.
The Dominion Department of Agricul-
t ire has arranged
I'nr an agricultural
conference at Courtenay, on Tuesday
next, at which wi.l
li e discussed n e VV
conditions and opportunities created
by the war as touching agricultural and
business interests. TWO
THE ISLANDER,   CUMBERLAND. B. C.
Site jBiatttor
Published every Saturday by the Islander
Publishing Company at Cumberland,
B.C., Canada.   Telephone 3-5.
Subscription: One year in advance, $1.50;
Single copies, 5c. Foreign subscriptions
to countries in Postal Union, $2.00
SATURDAY. FEBRUARY 20th, 191.5.
FUEL OIL vs. COAL.
The   concerted   action    being
taken by the boards of trade of
were over five million gallons
shipped into Canada,  which in
1912 had grown to twenty and a
half millions. The ligures forthe
next two years are even mort
surprising and  significant.      In
1913 the total import of fuel oil
was 79.233,053 gallon.-', and for
1914 the total was 110,547,653. It
will be noticed that there was a
tremendous increase in the quen-
tito of crude oil shipped into Can
ada in the normal years of 1910,
1911 and 1912.     The big jump
Vancouver Island to protect the occurred in 1913, however, and
coal industry against the en- the direct cause was the strike
croachments of fuel oil is one of 0i the Island. Still the figures
the most important moves that we have quoted show that fuel
has come to our notice for many oil was rapidly becoming a form-
years. Probably few who have idable competitor with the local
been deploring the inactivity of | coal even in 1912, when the coal
the Island coal mines have real-1 trade on the Island was at its best.
ized the enormous extent to which
fuel oil is responsible for the paralysis of the coal industry.
The petition now  being cireu-
The circumstances we have to
consider, therefore, are that last
fiscal year ending on March 31st,
over 110 millions gallons of crude
lated under the auspices of the o.i, valued at two and three-
local board of trade, (printed in'quarter million dollars, were im-
full on pages four and live) is an ported into Canada duty free. At
illuminating, document, and we'the same time the coal mines on
commend it to the earnest and! the Island were working slack
thoughtful attention of every time, and trade conditions are
reader. This petition, which will j WOrse now than they were then,
be forwarded to our Dominion Indeed, as is only too well known,
representative, Mr. H. S. Clem-[the government has-been obliged
>re- t. provide relief for miners who
ents, M.P., a   Ottawa,   foi
sentation to the Dominion House
be
I,
a»*e unablt
will no doubt be  largely   signed, | ]<Yuni the coal
to get employment.
11* rum me cual that is mined in the
and we trust that the efforts of province the government draws a
the various boards of trade in this j royalty of ten cents a ton, and in
connection will he  entirely  sue- one view it is now  paying  back
cessiui.
An article appearing in the
Nanaimo Herald of the 17th inst.
sums up the situation admirably.
The article in question after stating the steps being taken by the
Nanaimo Board of Trade proceeds as follows:
"The government is being
asked to grant a measure of protection to the coal mining industry of the province.   At the same
this royalty in the form of relief.
Meantime   crude  oil   is    being
clumped  into  the province duty
1'vvf' by  the  millions of gallons, i
Nobody in the province  derives\
any benefit from it.    It is a Cali-I
fornia industry and to California
go al! the 'profits.     On the other
hand, the coal industry  contributes materially to (Jr.* prosperity
of the province,     On Vancouver
alone il provided for the employ-
time it is easy  io show tha ,   as|ment 0f about 7,000 men. and on
111 ii, to a large extent, depends the
prosperity of this portion of the
Island, and of the  other  centres
things are, this industry is in
reality being discrimi n a te cl
against by the government in
favor'of California crude oil.    It
with whicli it does business.    So
is only  necessary  to state  that  far iis can be seen there is a clear
whereas crude oil comes into Bri-|case f0l. .*. measure of
tish Columbia duty free, ten cents
a   ton  as royalty  is paid to the
government for every ton of coal
mined in the province.
words, the government
I IMPORTANT ISM
for you is,----"What is the best
beer to drink?" There is but
one answer to this:- Queen beer.
It is a wholesome and refreshing
beverage of B. C. manufacture,
made from the high ingredients
of Western Canadian barley and
the noted British Columbia hops,
especially grown for our purposes. Brewed especially for
hotel and family trade by the
Pilsener Brewing Company,
Cumberland, B.C.
MRS.
B. G. CRAWFORD,
DEALER IN
HAY, FLOUR and
GENERAL FEED
BARN IS NOW FULLY STOCKED AND IMMEDIATE
DELIVERY CAN BE MADE.
Warehouse at Courtenay.
Phones Y91 and R99.
[MPORTANT   TO   CUSTOMEI
.tai—-No   Orientals,
employed.
.Agents,   or   Solicitors
F.   LIGHTER
PRACTICAL WATCHMAKER
JEWELLER  AND  OPTICIAN
SPECIALIST ON ENGLISH LEVER
AND SWISS WATCHES.
tax  upon  the local product and the   government       At   present ILO-ILO   THEATRE   BLOCK
allows the foreign article,  which [ crude oil from California is being Dunsmuir Avenue.
measure ot protection.
But for the increased use of fuel
oil   in   the   province  the mines!
would   be   working full time and
In other a| full capacity, and  this ought
places a
to be a lirst  consideration  with
is displacing the local product in
the market, to come in fwo. Here
is immediate ground for taking
action.
To understand the whole situation clearly, however, it is necessary to show how the consumption of oil fuel has increased iii
the last few years. This can he J
done very briefly,    lr. It1!" there
favored   at   the  expense of the!
local coal mining industry, a state FIRE
of things which is  utterly   hide
fensible
remedied
INSURANCE
unl
cannot
soon
Getting
accident i
more   up-to-
ki!It'll i;i tm automobile
common.     A.
is  by
For absolute protection
write a policy in the London & Lancashire Fire In-
sura,nce Co., of Liverpool,
Total Assets - >'26,788,930.
rather
kite   method
an a*, ropla
e.
W.    W I
L O C A L
L L A R D,
AGENT
1
THOS. E. BANKS
FUNERAL
DIRECTOR AND
UNDERTAKER
CUMBERLAND.B.C
Phone 67
Aguii. fov lliu
NANAIMO
MARBLE & GRANITE
WORKS
Ue.N 11. ml ii, Piiipilulm*
I'Miuiat*.*!- ii"'! llt'simi-i fiirnisliu'l
nil \|•)■!i.-.it ia>n I *
sl
*
THE ISLANDER, GUM33:UND.   B.G
RED CROSS
SOCIETY
The more troops that are sent
to the front the greater will be
the demand for comfoorts and
surgical appliances. The works
of the Red Cross cannot stop for
one moment, but rather must go
on with greater impetus and energy as the war continues. The
generosity of the people of Canada has been splendid, but the
society needs every dollar that
they can afford and every comfort that they can make or procure. Socks! socks! socks! is the
everlasting cry of the gallant
soldiers in training camps and
trenches, and thousands of pairs
of socks are needed all the time.
Of course, other comforts such
as shirts, knee caps and all the
articles enumerated in the suggestions contained in the printed
booklet compiled by the Red Cross
Society, are needed all the time.
It would be well to point out
that all comforts and goods should
be sent to the headquarters of
the various provinces and not to
the headquarters of the society
in Toronto. The province of Alberta, which has done so splendidly in every way, has its headquarters in Calgary.
Dr. Browne-Landone caused a
stir in Toronto and other parts of
the province by his statements as
regards conditions existing in the
hospitals in Northern France. In
a cable sent to Colonel Hodgetts,
the Canadian Commissioner of
the Red Cross Society in England,
Mr. Noel Marshall says: "Dr.
Brown-Landcne reports hospitals
in Northern France in serious
need of assistance with clothing,
dressings, surgical instruments,
drugs not available in France."
Upon receipt of this cablegram.
Dr. Hodgetts left immediately
for Northern France, and visited
Havre on the way. After a thorough investigation of the conditions existing there he found that
the situation was misrepresented,
and that Browne-L undone was
unknown. Deserving institutions
unofficially operated were neglected.
The largest consignment of
supplies that has left the headquarters at Toronto since tht* out
break of war was shipped on Friday, February 5, to Halifax, en
route to England, where they will
be distributed by the lied Cross
officials. The total number of
cases that went from that office
amounted to five hundred. This
is a splendid record and shows
clearly that the people of Canada
are continuing their suppport in
a generous manner.
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
CAPITAL, $15,000,000
REST, $13,500,000
MONEY ORDERS
Issued by The Canadian Bank of Commerce, are a safe, convenient
and inexpensive method of remitting .small sums of money. These
Orders, payable without charge at any bank in Canada (except in
the Yukon Territory) and in the principal cities of the United States,
are issued at the following rates :
$S and under        ...        3 cents
Over  .*) and not exceeding $10      .        6    "
"    10      " " 30      .      10    "
••    30      " " .SO      .      15    "
REMITTANCES ABROAD
should be made by means of our SPECIAL FOREIGN DRAFTS and MONEY
ORDERS.   Issued without delay at reasonable rates. S28
CUMBERLAND BRANCH.       W. T.   WHITE, Manager.
Phones ESTATES MANAGED Courtenay
42 & 48 RENTS  COLLECTED B.C.
LAND   REGISTRY   WORK   A   SPECIALTY
People Work Best
In Daylight.
IT has been the continual aim of
lamp manufacturers to approximate DAYLIGHT as nearly as
nearly as possible, and the culmination of their efforts has resulted in
the production of the NITRO, or
HALF WATT per CANDLE LAMP
as it is known to the trade.
This lamp, besides having TWICE
the EFFECIENCY of the ordinary
tungsten, possesses 15" „ more of
DAYLIGHT COLOR.
Such an increase of LIGHT and
INTRINSIC BRILLIANCY for the
same CURRENT CONSUMPTION
should appeal to every INTELLIGENT .MERCHANT.
NITRO lamps in stock, sizes 100,
200 and 850 walls.
For prices apply t~>
Cumberland
ElectricLighting Co.,Ltd.
Phone 75
P.O. 314
'HREE
a
COMOX  LAND DISTRICT.
Dfstrii i of Newcastle,
TAKE   notice  thai the Weeks Dunell
Cedar Co., Limited, of Fanny  Bay,   B.C.,
occupation shingle manufacturers, intend
to   apply   lor   permission   tu   lease   tin*
foJlqwing described laqds :■■-■
Commencing at a posl planted on the
I shore ot Fanny Bay, said post bejngeight
hundred  ami  ninty-one  and   six-tenths
i (891.6) feet south and six  hundred  and
forty-four and six-tenths (644.6) feet east
, ol the north-east corner ol Lot forty-three
(43); thence east one thousand two timi
dred and 'eighty-six (1286) feet; thence
south three hundred (300) feet; thence
west one thousand and sixty (1060-) feet
more or less to the shore; thence northwesterly along said shore three •hundred
and seventy-five and three-tenths (375.3)
feet, more or less, to iiu* point ol commencement, containing 8.08 acres,  more
or less.
WEEKS DUftELL'CEDAR CO., Limited
Dated February 16th,' 1915.
MARQCCHT PROS
Grocers and Bakers
Agents for I'ii.skm'.i; Beer
ClJM BEI! LAND      Cnl'l.TI'NAY
Cumberland
DYE WORKS
HIGH-CLASS
DYERS   AND   CLEANERS
Cleaning,
Dyeing and
Pressing.
Next door to Bank of Commerce,
Dunsmuir Ave.,        Cumberland, B.C.
E. L. SAUNDERS
PRACTICAL BOOT AND
SHOE MAKER
Orders Receive Prompt Attention
Repairing a Specialty
West Cumberland
aaer
NOTICE OF CANCELLATION
OF RESERVE.
"XToTK'K   IS  HEREBY  GIVEN  that
-^       the reserve  existing  on
Lot No. 3344, New Westminster
District,   by  reason of a notic*'
published in the British Columbia
Gazette oil the 27th day of December, 1907, is hereby canceled
for the purpose of leasing same to
the Seaboard Logging Company.
R. A. RENWICK,
Deputy Minister of Lands.
Lands Department,Victoria,B.C.,
February 6th, 1915. FOUR
THE ISLANDER. CUMBERLAND. B.C.
WHEN IN DOUBT
PLAY TRUMPS
H ^efiftoit
Have Goard tune your piano.; — s—-*
Factory experience. Recommends'
fc&nti?^ tb? Smumum (fenimtmwtt praj*uuj tltat an Jmjwrt Sutij to put
of same furnished on request. tt  Tt*       -        se     t /t\-t
upmt all Jnrftvjn 3utn Wu.
W. J. Goard will be in this city
about April 1st. Leave orders at
Islander Office, or write direct to
845. 8th Ave. West. Vancouver,
B.C.
CUMBERLAND   HOTEL
DUNSMUIR   AVENUE
First Class Hotel at Moderate Rates
WILLI.--VM   MERRIFIELD. Proprietor.
Is now open for
business in the
Willard Block
DuiisiiuiirAve.
TAKEN
DAY OR
N I G H T
First Class Work Guaranteed
at Low Prices.
Enlarging a
Specialty
lUillTrr^cl^ 0,ie °'"tne lar^est an(l th0 most important industries in British Columbia is that of
Coal Mining, and there are employed directly and indirectly in and about the mines on Vancouver
Island alone about 4.000 men, all of whom are dependent for their livelihood and for the support of
their families upon the operation of the mines. Heretofore, when the mines were operating full time
and at capacity, the total wage paid to these men amounted to about $5,000,000 yearly -the greater
part of which was expended by the miners in the purchase of their food and necessities in the stores
and shops in the cities of Ladysmith, Extension, South Wellington, Nanaimo, Union Bay, Cumberland,
Courtenay and Comox, consequently those engaged in business and residing in these cities are themselves dependent upon the operation of the mines for their livelihood and the support of their families,
and in turn the stores in Vancouver and Victoria, from which such food and supplies are purchased,
are largely dependent upon the coal industry.
Fuel Oil from California has been introduced into British Columbia, and taken and used by
the Railroads, Steamships and certain industrial plants in the place of Coal, thereby seriously reducing
the consumption of coal and thus bringing great hardship and suffering to all of the men and then-
families engaged in and dependent upon the coal industry.
Foreign corporations and their local agents engaged in the business of producing and
selling fuel oil have always claimed that three and a half barrels of such oil is equivalent, for steam
purposes, to one ton of Vancouver Island Coal. In the fiscal year ending March 31st, 1911, the
imports of such oil into British Columbia are reported by the customs as 7,299,727 gallons, which, at
45 gallons to the barrel, equals 1G2.21G barrels, and at 3 1-2 barrels per ton of coal is equivalent to
4(!.348 tons of coal. In the fiscal year ending March 31st, 1914, the imports of such oil has inei eased
to the enormous figure of 110.547,653 gallons, equal, at 45 gallons to the barrel, to 2,456,015 barrels,
Films Developed fur Amateurs  , an(] ,u 3 V1 barrela to the ton to 701 g90 tons of COa]>
J.1. f)liilliij§
Ihu'ri.
ion
Hi
l'l l-ll'V.  >'*lii*i!n|
A Solar} l-ii'ilk'
NOTICE TO THE PUBLIC.
The recent advance in the price
of Hour has caused the price of
bread to he increased. On and
after the 15th day of February.
1915, bread will be sold at the
rate of 3 loaves for 25c, or 13
tickets for $1.00.
JAMES HALL!DAY.
TIMBER SALF X312.
CEALED TENDERS will be re-
^ ceived by the Minister of
Lands not later than noon on the
12th day of March, 1915, foi- the
purchase of Licence .X312. to cut
2,160,000 feet of Douglas Fir.
Cedar and Hemlock on an area in
the vicinity of Lot 449, Valdes
Island. Sayward District.
Two (2) years will be allowed
for removrl of timber.
Further particulars of the
Chief Forester, Victoria,  B.C.
Statistics show that over a period of years there is always a steady increase in the consumption of fuel for domestic and steam purposes, and this has undoubtedly been the case in British
Columbia, though to what extent cannot be shown, since all of the normal increase has been absorbed
by the increasing use of fuel oil to the disadvantage of coal.
The Government royalty upon the coal produced on Vancouver Island has been  10c. pet-
ton, yielding to it a revenue in 1911 of $144,336.00 as compared with only $81,388.00 in the year 1914,
a direct loss to the Government of $62,940*00 through the influx of oil taken into British Columbia
and used as a substitute for the coal produced in this Province,
Furthermore, owing to this increased use of oil. and the consequent decrease in the consumption of Vancouver Island coal, very many of the men who are dependent upon coal mining for a
living are without work, and with their families have become a charge upon the Government, which
has been compelled to establish and provide funds for Relief Committees formed in the mining districts
to save the miners and their families from starvation, and such of the miners who are employed in
producing the small quantity of coal which is being mined, are working only about one-quarter time,
witli tlie result that their earnings are barely sufficient for their absolute needs.
Camula is now sending men and supplies to the Mother Country, and must obtain from
every available source tt sufficient revenue to pay the heavy expenses which are thus incurred, and it
is fitting ami proper, for that reason alone, wholly apart from the support and the maintenance of its
own industries and its people, that it should exact an Import Duty of not less than one per cent per
gallon of all foreign oi! imported into the Dominion as Fuel Oil or for fuel purposes. No Import Duty
other than thai already enacted need lie placed upon Gasoline or Kerosene, therefore the Duty asked
upon Fuel Oil would obtain for the Dominion Government a substantia! revenue without being a
harden upon the necessities of life of any citizen and might enable the Government to that extent to THE ISLANDER. CUMBERLAND, B.C.
FIVE
n)
tf
reduce the duties on such necessities.   The Duty upon Fuel Oil would be paid wholly by Corporations
who have taken advantage heretofore of the cheap foreign oil, and decreased their purchases of the
coal mined on the Island, and their support of the people engaged in that industry,   notwithstanding
the fact that this coal industry has largely added to their profits in many ways.     An Import Duty of
one cent per gallon upon fuel oil would have yielded to the Dominion a net revenue of $1,105,000.00
had it been levied upon such oil imported into British Columbia in the fiscal year ending March 31st.
1914, and if, as a result of the Duty, the consumption of coal increased, then the Government would
be further benefitted through the increased sum received, as royalty upon the coal produced, and also
in the duty upon the supplies and machinery imported into the country for the use and operation of
the coal mines.
;|
A statement showing the imports for consumption in Canada through the ports of British
Columbia  of the undermentioned articles during the fiscal years ended March 31st, 1910 to 1914,
inclusive:  -
PETROLEUM, FUEL AND GAS OILS*   (.8235 sp. gr. or heavier) at 60 degrees.
1910— 5,041,746 gallons valued at $  120.211
1911— 7,299,727       " " 151,028
1912- 20,454,309      " " 446,718
1913- 79,233,053       " " 1,443,519
1914   110,547,653       "          "         2.278,918
5uHU tlf£r£U-t.r£ HIP, the Board of Trade of the City of Cumberland, BritishColumbia,
acting for ourselves and upon the demand of the undersigned citizens, do hereby request our representatives in the Dominion Parliament to lay forcefully before the proper officers of the Dominion
Government this, our Petition; and to obtain the relief which we ask:
Synopsis of Coal Mining Regulations
COAL mining rights of tlio Dominion
in Manitoba, .Saskatchewan and Alberta,
the Yukon Territory, the Northwest Terri
t'iriei and in a portion of the Province of
British Columbia, may be leased for a term
of twenty-one years ar an annual rental of
$1 an acre. Not more than 2,500 acres
will be leased to one applicant.
Application for a lease must be made by
the applicant in person to the Agent or sub
Agent of the district iu which the rights
applied for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must be
described by sections, or legal subdivisions
of sections, and in unsurveyed territory
t he tracr* applied for shall be staked out by
tlieappiiMiu himself.
Kit'll application must be accompanied
by » fee of $.') « hich will be refunded if the
i kilts applied forare not available, but not
otherwise. A royalty shall be paid on the
merchantable output of the mine at the
rale of live cents per tou.
The person operating the mine shall
furnish the Agent with sworn returns accounting for the full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay the royally
thereon. If the coal miniag rights are
not being operated, such returns shall be
furnished at least once a year.
The lease will include the coal mining
rights only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available sur
face rights may be considered necessary
for the working of the mine at the rate of
jjlOOOanacta.
For full information application should
be made to  the Secretary of the Department of the Interior, Ottawa,   or to   any
Agent or Sub Agent of Dominion Lands.
VV. VV. CORY.
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N.B- Unauthorized publication of this
advertisement will not be paid for.
MEAT!   MEAT!
MEAT!
If you want QUALITY don't
forget to call at the
City Meat Market
WE  BUY FOR   r a err
WE SELL FOR   ^A3tl
THEREEFORE:
We are the best and cheapest
in town.
TIMBER SALE X 363
Sealed tenders will be received
by the Minister of Lands not
later than noon on the 13th day
of April 1915, for the purchase of
Licence X 363, to cut 7,170,000
feet of Douglas Fir, Hemlock,
Cedar and White Pine, on an area
adjoining Lot 107, Sayward District, Nr. Cameleon Harbour.
Three years will be allowed for
removal of timber.
Further particulars of the
Chief Forester, Victoria. B.C.
Latest Millinery
Mrs. John Gillespie
West Cumberland
TIMBER SALE X 357
Sealed tenders will be received
by the Minister of Lands not
later than noon on the 15th day
of April, 1915, for the purchase
of Licence X 357 to cut 7,216,000
feet of Cedar, Hemlock, Douglas
Fir, Balsam Fir and Spruce, on an
area located on Hardwicke Island,
Range one, Coast District, being
expired T. L. 14,777.
Three years will be allowed for
removal of timber,
Further particulars of the
Chief Forester, Victoria, B.C.
INTERVIEWS GOVERNMENT
The representatives of various
boards of trade throughout the
province met at the Empress
Hotel, Victoria, on Thursday,
and formed themselves into a
deputation and interviewed the
Provincial Government regarding
the great increase in the use of
fuel oil in the province and the
corresponding decrease in the
consumption of coal.
The deputation represented the
coal mining districts of Vancouver Island and Merritt. It was
urged that the government should
memorialize the Federal Government for a cent a gallon duty on
fuel oil, which is now on the free
list. Last year there was brought
into B.C. an amount of oil equal
to 700,000 tons of coal.
The government promised to
give the matter their earnest
consideration.
Coroner Bickle left for Rock
Bay on Tuesday and held an
inquest on the death of William
McCormack, who was found
dead in a cabin at Camp K of the
British Columbia Mills and Trading Company.
Several members of the City
Council visited Courtenay on
Monday evening. Several of the
citizens are wondering if they
noticed the street lights at the
newly incorporated town. It is
said Courtenay street lights are
an improvement on Cumberland.
TIMBER SALE X 222
Sealed tenders will be received
by the Minister of Lands not
later than noon on the 15th day
of March, 1915, for the purchase
of Licence X 222, to cut 2,220,433
feet of Douglas Fir, Red Cedar
and Hemlock, on an area located
on the east shore of Wel bore
Channel, Range One, Coast District.
j    Two years will be allowed for
i removal of timber.
Further particulars of the Chief
i Forester, Victoria, B.C.
MINING  INSTITUTE
The nineteenth general meeting of the Western Branch of the
Canadian Mining Institute will
be opened at Victoria, B.C., on
Thursday morning, March 11th,
at eleven o'clock.
At this meeting routine work
will be transacted and several
papers having particular reference to coal mining on the Coast,
mine rescue apparatus, first aid
to the injured, and on o'her
matters relating to the mining
industry, will be read and discussed.
All members of the Canadian
Mining Institute in good standing
residing in K.C. or the neighbouring parte of the United States
are. by virtue of such membership, itlso members of the Western Branch. Members are earnestly requested to make an effort
to attend the ensuing meeting,
and are cordially invited to con-
I tribute papers on matters relating
' to mining.
Non-members    will    also   be
heartily  welcome to attend, and
to take part  in the discussion of
; the papers that shall be submitted
to the meeting. SIX
THE- ISLANDER. C^MBE-RLANIV B.C.*
LEGEND  of St. VALENTINE
Perhaps you have heard the legend of St. Valentine;
bul if you have not, here it is in as small a nutshell as such
a saint eould well be condensed :    St. Valentine lived longl
a
ago. An emperor ruled him,.and the emperor, whose name
was Claudius, became very jealous of .St. Valentine, or Fr.
Valentine, as he was then called. And one day Claudius cut
Fr. Valentine's head off ancl banished his remains, so that no
one should know that he had been beheaded.
Now, why did Claudius do this? you ask. ...Well, he did
it because Fr. Valentine become so great a,favorite with the
young people that Claudius was not in their affections at all.
But how did Valentine make himself such a favorite?
you still query. Why, how indeed? How do you suppose?
How does any man or woman either for that matter, become j
solid with young people ? Why, by helping along their love
affairs, to be sure, and by giving them every opportunity to
be alone and talk it over. Now, Fr. Valentine was a born
matchmaker, and he was always making matches. If he
saw two young people looking at each other with sheepish
eyes, he cast his toga over his head and sat still, never stirring for five minutes. And so Fr. Valentine got himself
disliked by the Emperor Claudius and after Claudius had cut
his head off the young people canonized him, and, upon the
good old Saint's birthday, would exchange little love tokens
just to keep his memory green. The people who had known
St. Valentine when on earth told their children about him in
after years, and their children told their children's children,
and so it has come down to us through many children of
children.
In England, Scotland. France and some other parts of
the continent, it was formerly the custom of the young
people to meet, write each other's or some other of their
acquaintances' names on a slip of paper, which were throv\ n
into a box from which they were drawn, the men taking the
girls' names and vice versa. The person thus drawn became
one's valentine and for a whole year was bound to devote
himself to the one who drew him. Sometimes, of course,
this led to real engagagements between the parties, and often
tricks were played in such a way that the slips of paper fell
into the hands they were meant for. During the fifteenth
century married peoole could be chosen asvvellastho.se who
were not married and often very valuable presents were
exchanged. I
In the beginning God created heaven and earth ancl all
things therein. He then created man and woman ancl left
the loafers on the street corners, and in due time they
multiplied ancl spread into the depot, postofflce and store,
where they sit and explain state ancl national problems.
THIS would  be a better world if the people who lose i
their tempers would never fine! them again. ,
Special   Offerings:
In Dry Goods and Boots and Shoes:
We are showing a fine line of
Spring wear in Dress Goods,
,   White Wear, Silk Goods and
Hosiery.
Charlie Sing Chong,
Chinatown, West Cumberland.
Jewellery, Silver and a
large stock of Cut Glass
to choose from. Clocks
and Watches, all grades.
All the latest books and
magazines, weekly and
daily newspapers on sale.
Dunsmuir Ave., Cumberland, B.C.
Chow Lee & Sons
Importers and Dealers in Silks
Dry Goods, Hosiery, Underwear
and Negligee Shirts, Whitewear,
Silk Goods, Boots and Shoes, etc.
Chow Lee & Sons,
CHINATOWN,     West Cumberland IHH   1SLANDEK. (JUMBUKLAM). B. U.
SEVKN
ADMIT ERROR
OF JUDGMENT
The Naval and Military Record
says: -The German newspapers
are beginning to admit that their
navy has proved a bad investment. It is very significant that
the Lokal Anzeiger of Berlin has
been led to admit that "the dangers which at present menace
Germany are far greater than
those of 1870," and that " these
dangers would not exist if we had
not in the meantime developed so
wonderfully." This paper pro-
proceeds to discuss the growth of
European armies; but it does not
find in this movement a satisfactory explanation of the difficulties
which are increasingly embarrassing the Germans. It admits that
"decisive change does not, however, consist in the increase of
armament, but in the fact that
while Germany 44 years ago was
only a land power, she has since
forced^her way up to the position
of one of the most important naval
powers.'' But even more remarkable than this admission is the
statement that "without th:s development we should perhaps not
have the war today."
The Germans, in fact, are beginning to realize that their navy
has proved an exceedingly costly
investment. They antagonized
continental powers by the increase of the army, but it was the
naval movement which most arrested the attention of the world
and created that spirit of hostility
to German ambition which has
found expression in neutral countries. This effect was produced
less, perhaps, by the building of
ships, than by the grand admiral
Von Tirpitz. Americans, for in-1
stance, were not alarmed so much
by the navy acts as by the declarations by the Kaiser that he was
"admiral of the Atlantic," that
"the trident must be in Germany's fist" and that "nothing
must occur in any ocean of the
world without Germany's consent."
Stoves & Ranges
Furniture, Crockery, Enamelware
Taints, Oils, Edison & Columbia
Graphophoiies
Novelties, Toys, Etc,
T. E. BATE
Magnet Cash Store
P. O. Box 279
Phone 31
LAYRITZ   NURSERIES,
VICTORIA, B.C.
Headquarters for Choice Nursery Stock -all home grown.
Fruit and Ornamental Trees, Small Fruits, Roses, etc.,
and in fact all hardy trees ancl plants for the Garden.
Largest and best assorted stock in the country. Price list
on application.
[established 24 years.]
SPECIAL SALE OF
DINNER SETS
AND
TOILETWARE
I
DUNSMUIR AVENUE
CUMBERLAND, Cl, C.
Phone 14
A. McKINNON
THE FURNITURE   STORE
■wwwww wn
a&eammatk******
If there is such a thing as nobility in Canada, it is that which
follows the plow and turns up
God's good soil for the maintenance of the people whom He
created.
Make the best of everything.
Take the progressive side of every
reasonable question. Advertise
your town and business in every
possible way. and your brightest
hopes in regard to it will be fully
realized.
HOTEL UNION
OPPOSITE   11A I 1, W .A V  STATION
First CUss in every respect. Perfect Cuisine
Headquarters for Tourists and Sportsmen
Wines Liquors and Cigars
John N. McLeod, Proprietor
New England Hotel
EXCELLENT ACCOMMODATION
KATES REASONABLE
E V E R Y T H 1N G     M 0 D E R N
JOSEPH   WALKER,    Proprietor.
Lunsmuir Avenue
Cumberland
B.C.
**to******9*f\*>***M^* *ft- -fl»-^  **%*  -Jr -fr
St. George's Presbyterian
Church
Service.**,  11 a.m. and 7 p.m.
Bible Class, 1.30 p.m.
Sunday School. 2.30 p.m.
I Prayer     Meeting,     Wednesday
evening 7.30.
Choir Practice, Wednesday evening 8.30.
Pastor. Rev. Jas. Hood.
Methodist Church.
Service, 7 p.m.
Bible  Study   (Sunday   School),
2.30 p.m.
Young People's Societv, Mondar
7-30 p.m.
Cottage Meeting, Wednesday at
8.00 p.m.
Choir Practice. Friday, 7.30 p.m.
Ladies' Aid Society, First Tuesday of each month at 7.30 p.m.
Rev. Wm. Elliott, B. A., Pastor.
Holy Trinity Church.
(Anglican.)
Services for the First Sunday in
Lent:
8.30 a. m.,  Holy Communion
11   a.m., Matins.
7 p.m.. Evensong.
Service of Intercession, on behalf of those engaged in the war,
on Wednesday, at 8 p.m.
Litany on Friday at noon.
Arthur Bischlager, Vicar.
Practical Carriage and Wagon
Builders,
General   Blacksmiths.      Horse-
Shoeing   a  specialty.    Auto
Wheels Kebuilt,   or
Repaired.
Any kind of Body built to order.
All Work Guaranteed.
Kierstead & Burton
P.O. Box 410   Cumberland. B.C.
TIMBER SALE .\ 308
Sealed tenders will be received
by the Minister of Lands not
later than noon on the 11th day
March, 1915, for the purchase of
Licence .\ 308, to jut 1,395.000
feet of Douglas Tir, Jedar. Hemlock and Balsam, >n an area
situated in the vicir ty of S.T.L.
6520P, Cracroft Is! ind. Range
One, Coast District.
Two (2) years will be allowed
for removal of timbe: .
Further particular of the Chief
Forester, Victoria, E C.
V HIGH'
TOWN
.Miss Horbury
for Hazelton.
F. B.   Clout ier
Lowell River,
THE ISLANDER.CUMBERLAND, B. C.
TOPICS
.eft on Monday
leaving
for
David Odgers expecfs to leave
for England on the 10th of March.
D. .A. Thomas, piano tuner,
arrived by auto om Wednesday.
A. A. Brown, of West Cumberland, left for Vancouver by
steamer on Thursday.
E. Wiggins left for Vancouver
on Sunday, where he will reside
in future.
.Major A. W. Hilton, manager
of the Comox Logging and Railway Co.. of Headquarters, visited
Cumberland on Thursday.
Mrs. Thos. Bickle and daughter
left for Victoria on Monday.
Miss Bickle will remain in Victoria and take up her duties at
the Jubilee Hospital.
The Ladies Auxiliary of the
Campbell River Hospital during
the year 1914. collected $1,200.00
for the benefit of thatin.stitut.on.
The Ladies Aid of St. George's
Presbyterian Church are preparing to give a concert during the
month of March at a date to be
decided.
J. R. Lockard, general manager of the Canadian Collieries
(Dunsmuir) Limited, arrived by
auto on Tuesday and left for
Victoria on Wednesday morning.
Dr. R. E. McKechnie. of Vancouver, during his recent visit
gave the officers of the Union and
Comox District Hospital great
credit for having such a well
equipped and up-to-date operating room, he said it was equal to
any of the Vancouver hospitals.
Thos. E, Bate, representative
of the Cumberland Board of
Trade, left for Victoria on Wednesday morning. Mr. Bate will
be one of a deputation from the
various provincial boards of trade
who will interview the Provincial
Government on tlie Washington
coal question.
Mayor Parnham   received  the
following telegram from Mr, M.
Manson. .M.P.P., on Tuesday.
'* Government    agrees   io    pay
$1,500 towards arrears of teachers'   salaries   and   an   additional
$10 per month payable quarterly,
to date   from January Is!. 1915,
for each of the nine teachers employed,    making   a   total   extra
grant   of   $1,080   per   year,   in
addition    to   special    grant   of
$1,500."   Signed. M. Manson.
This will give the city an increased government allowance of
$2,580 for the year 1915 towards
the support of the public schools. |
Annual
Stock-Taking
Sale
For One Week
Terms Cash.
Do Not Miss The Opportunity
*■>  **~*sst***S'\
Men's Furnishings
150 Men's Soft Felt Hats, all shapes. Regular $3.00
Sale Price 95c. each.
Men's Sweater Coats to clear at $1.95
Men's Navy Sweaters, Diamond Front, best wearing
sweater on the market.   Sale Price $2.75
Boy Sweater Coats, nearly all colors, Sizes 24 to 32
Regular Values up to $2.50.   Sale Price $1.25 each.
Men's Fleece-lined Underwear, Colors Pink & BJue
Regular Price $1.75 suit.   Sale Price 95c.
Men's Suits
Our complete stock will be offered at a reduction
of 20 per cent. Absolutely no reserve.
Take your choice.
Men's Shirts
About 100 to be offered at 75c. each.
Regular $1.25 and $1.50
Men's Overcoats
The smartest and best quality of goods will be
offered. Three special lines, $6.95, $7.95, $12.95.
95 Ladies' Muslin Waists
Values to $3.50.   Sale Price 95c.
30 Ladies' Skirts
Splendid Cloths.   Regular $6.50.    Sale Price $3.95.
A big bargain.
6 Ladies' Tailored Suits
Navy Serge, Satin lined.   Regular $21 and $25
Sale Price $13.75.   Your chance.
Ladies' Coats
Ti be cleared at rock bottom prices.    From $4.95
10 Silk Dresses
In Sniart Shades.   Regular $10.00 to $12.50
Clearance Price $6.95
Remnants of All Kinds
10 per cent Discount
Will he offered on all New Goods.
Simon Leiser & Co.
LIMITED
"The Big Store"
Phone iS
L.
**•>*■***,*****)
Wesley Willard left for Chilli-
wack on Sunday.
Mr. MacNaughton, of Headquarters, was here on a visit on.
Thursday.
Mayor Kilpatrick and Dr. Millard, of Courtenay, visited Cumberland on Wednesday.
Born, on Monday, the 15th inst.
at Derwent Avenue, Cumberland,
to Mr. and Mrs. P. P. Harrison, a
daughter.
Burglars entered the store of
C. H. Tarbell and Son on Sunday
evening and robbed the cash
register of 4 or 5 dollars.
Chicken thieves have been busy
during the past two weeks at
West Cumberland, three different
parties reporting chicken stolen.
Very high grade Nordheimer
piano for sale. Cheap for cash.
For inspection at Rev, Arthur
Bischlarger, The Vicarage.
Conrad Iiifel, manager of the
British Columbia Breweries for
Vancouver Island, arrived on
Thursday,and leaves for Nanaimo
today.  .
J. H. MacMillan, manager of
Nos. 5 and 6 Mines of the Canadian Collieries, left for Victoria
and Sound Cities on Wednesday
morning for a week's vacation.
D. M. Morrison, manager of
the local branch of the Royal
Bank of Canada, has been transferred to Cranbrook, and leaves
for that point in a few days.
Don't forget the Tag Dance at
the Ilo Ilo Dance Hall on Friday,
the 26th inst. Music will be
supplied by the Harmony
Orchestra.
A basket ball game will be
played in the West Cumberland
Band Hall on Monday evening
between Como.x and Cumberland.
A dance will be held after the
game.
At Peacey's New Books for
the library ; Bulbs ; D. M. Ferry
and Steeie and Briggs famous
Garden Seeds ; Onion Sets. Balance of our 1915 Letts' Diaries
below cost.
The Ladies'  Auxiliary  of the
Union and Comox  District Hospital held their annual dance in
the West Cumberland Band Hall
last night week*.    The   hall   was
tastefully decorated for the occasion  by   the members ancl  the
I Young Ladies Basket Ball Club.
Visitors from all parts of Comox
I district attended the dance making it a large and pleasant gathering.     The   receipts    for   the
; evening amount to about$135.
|    FOR SALE,    During breeding
season, broody hens, $1.50 each.
! Burton  & Randall.   Cumberland
! Road. Royston.

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