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The Islander Aug 6, 1910

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Array Th* Coming Flour
$1.90 Sack
Sold at
ij. ■
Manufactured from Selected  Al-
Derta Hai J Wueat
Sold at *i.o > Sack at
No  10
Subscription price SI.50 per year.
The pick of the local
teams may tour the
An exciting baseball m tch wan
played oil'iin Sunday between the Pilsners and the Overs on the Reoren-
tion Groin.ds, reselling in a'fie, each
team scoring .1 run.
Higgins, Uie Brewery hoys' twirler,
dispensed the liehders for the League
team and, although h« arm was not in
the liest of slnpe, deprived io the coin
plete satisfaction of the fans that if lie
receives any kind of support at all, the
locals are line lo slink.'oil' the hoinlo
that has Iseu haunting them for the
past several weeks anil make theii
opponents take, the small end of the
score for a change.
Haines did the receiving for the
new tVvirler and held him in good style,-
no easy matter, for Higgius throws a
wicket lull. He did not ex it himself
on Sunday, Imt on several occasions he
turned loose for a little, and gave a
hint of what he had in reserve. He
has played profess dual Imli on some of
the fastest teams in lhe Kast, ami looks
to be just a li tie lietter than any of
the box men that have been seen performing around here previously.
Both ladysmith and Nanaimo nre
looking for trouble; well let them all
come ; the Maroons have a team here
that can make the best of them sit up
and take notice and the local fans
have some real coin ready with which
to back the home tcnin.
There is sonic talk of sending the
hoys ofl' on a tour of the lower part of
the Island, to take a crack at the best
that that pnrt of the country can produce, dames will probable be arranged with Nanaimo Lulysmii h Cheiunin
us and Victoria.
The following line up has been suggested to represent the locals on their
tour, and it certainly looks good on
paper:—Pitcher, Higgins ami Thomas;
Catcher, McNeil; Kirst base. Anderton ; Second base, Donnely ; Third base
Bslo ; Short stop, Pearme ; Out f elders, Chirk, Kobinson and Le Claire.
Union Bay.  ,
A quiet but pretty wedding took
place in the English church at Courtenay ou Wednesday Aug. 3rdinst. when
Rev. Willanuir united in holy bonds of
matrimony Miss Nell ie Ead, only daughter of Mr. and Mrs. John End of Union
Bay. The bride was prettoly gowned
iu white cashmere with white satin
ribbon trimmings, with a large white
picture hat and was assisted by her
cousin Miss Lizzie Mu«oharap who look
ed very charming in a white princess
dress with large lingerie hat lo match
while Mr. Chas. Bird assisted the
groom The happy couple will take up
their resideme at Union By, their
many friends wish them mud' liappi-
ne «.
A pretty wedding was solemnized
at St. S.iviours church, Victoria West.
on Thursday morning, July 28lll, when
the Hev. C. K. Cooper untied in holy
buids uf mnrtitnony Miss Mary lt.
Haggart only daughter ol' Mr. uud
Mrs. Thus Haggart, bite of Climber
land, but now of Victoria, to Alfred I.
Hay second eldest son of Mr. and Mrs.
!'• i. Hay, of Union Bay. Miss Miles
ol Victor a, played Poire igan wedding
niartli while the bride, who was, given
away by her t'aihe , entered leaning ou
his arm, charmingly gowned in white
brocaded silk the bodice being draped
with duohess lace, the embroidered
veil being caught wiih a wreath of
orange blossoms oarrleda shower bouquet of white carnations Miss Margaret Ray supported the bride pretteli
gowned in mauve silk mull with hai
to match und ea rietl a bouquet 'of pink
sweet peas, while Mr. James Haggart
supported the groom after I he ceremony
■{reception wna held at the brides home,
Mary St., where about thirty guests
were present at luncheon, among whom
was Mr. James Haggart, grand-father
of the Bride.
Mrs. Jas. Haggart nf Nan imo, is the
gueet uf his son. Mr. William Haggart.
Mr and Mrs. A. L. Roy arrived en
Sunday's boat, after spending a shorl
honeymoon at Vanoouvi r. They will receive at their home, at Mack.iyv.lle, sfter
August 8 h '
Vlr Snider agent for BO. Permanent
Loan On., spent a few days here ti in
Mrs. Gray and Mrs. Reynolds, wh"
were the guests nf their sitter, Mrs.
Geo, Buoth, left for their home on
Saturday last, Mrs. Booth accompanying
Unionists put a crimp
in Courtenay's pennant aspirations.
Ttie Courtenay league leaders h^i
U* Union Iluy on Sunday last ut tlte
Hay, when Uir I toys in tiie green uniforms put it over them to tliu tune of
5 to 3.
Courtenay stinted out like winners.
Mi-Ni ir hit to first aud swiped secpud ;
.Dixon hit iu the xamt place, and Mc
Neil advanced ; Anderton hit safe uiid
the runner scored; McGoldrick flew
out to Smith ; Thomas was hit hy u
pitched hall ; t'lill' drew a pass, imd
Dickson walked home; Anderton wa-
forced out oh labor's grounder} Wag
tier fanned.
Union also Woke into the run
column in the first innings; Halo lend
ofl' with a safe hit to the outer garden,
and went to second on Thomas' overthrow,-J Ia. Claire pa:ailed ; lialocame
home rejoicing on Clark's long hit;
Cumin's tly went wife, and Clark
chased Le Claire across the pun ;
Curran worked Ids passage to third,
and fieoied ou lioliinson's neat sacrifice; Smith drew a pass; Drosky
popped to . Fiihi'i'; Kyijn retired/the
sideatn a foul fly to the backs tpp
lu tho second Curtis was caught at
first; McNeil was hit hy pitcher;
liixun was thrown out; Anderton hit
up a fly which Le Claire failed to
gather in ; McGoldrick was passed,
bui retired the side in trying to make
Courtenay looked dangerous in the
third, hut a double play, which caught
Drosky at the plate, relieved the pressure,
Cliff replaced Thomas in the box, in
the four ih.
Although boih teams looked like
scoring ou several occasions, the base
runner was always caught at third
or home, and no tallies were rhalked
up during the latter rounds.
Owing to the fact that it was impossible to procure a rig nt either of
the Hvery stables on .Sunday, aud
hioycles were equally scarce, our regular reporter failed to be on hand nt
this game, but, we are indebted to the
generosity of one of the Cumberland
Lioys on the field, who kindly furnished
us with notes on the game.
Mn. .1. W. McKenzie, of this place,
who has been Bpetidini; a few weeks wiih
her cUugh'erB, Mrs, McGregor and Mi*
Cliaee, of Granum, Alta., returned this
Mr. Joe Gieve, of Comox, while on
his road hnme on Monday night, his
horia bee miog frighiumd of an auto,
tteCHtu- una ilil rotable, cut up mid did
cuunider tble dam^e both to tliu rig anu
The question h s b un auktd if it i-
propur f r iiewn(jtptir ugu tn to travel the
vttllrj. after dole.
Mrn, A McGregor, of Graiium, Alta ,
is vis ti> « lier ptounib, Mr. ami Mrs J.
VV. McK nziu.
lu an interview in' Victoria this week,
D D Mann, of Mackenzie & Mann, stated tlmt tht Cnadian N -ithurn lUilmad
wi uld have omnpleated its li u to the
uui til uid of lhe Island within three
The citiz ntof Vernon hnve just voted
in fav<r of the tiiuflo tax *y •tern, by over
two to one, Cumberland should lie the
next to get in line.
Mr. A. Bopti'ok wife snd family, of
Victoria, are registered at the Wilson
Hotel. Mr. 1) stock, who i» conductor
on the E. d- >'. Hy., is renewing sc
piaiiitanees of some uf thu late tin*
pl< yees of that compnny residing here.
S 8. Quito Arrived on Monday fnr
bunkers, snd cleared ou Thursday for
the m>ui-d
S.S. Vadso calld for bunkers on
Thursday and proceeded to Vancouver.
U.M S Makura, after taking on bunkers, cleared for Vancouver un Wednesday.
S.S. Claverley arrived on Thursday
and is awaiting bunkers.
8 8. Manhattan has commenced taking
on 7000 tons cargo.
S.S. Camosuii took en bunkers Thurs
dsy morning and proceeded nonh.
The boys on the S S Makura enter
tained the citizens to a concert on board
mi Monday night, the concert being np
predated greatly by nil. On Tuesday
the same concert was repeated in Fras
er & Bishops Hall for the benefit of the
school fund, aud was again greatly appreciated, some great, talent being heard
At the closing Mr George Re thanked
the hoys on behalf of the trustees ami
Cumberland High
School makes the best
showing in province
The result of the High School Examination throughout the province
have just heen auiii uuced. Throughout tbe province, out of a total of
I 170 candidates, ,\,'2 wore   successful
The result of the examination in
t is City is worthy of the heart est con
gratulations, not only to the pupils,
but also to the principal, Mr.   Palmer.
In the preliminary course 6 passed
out of a possible 0, while in the advanced course 8 out of il were successful, u
record that tie city if Cumberland
may well be proud of.
Preliminary course, junior grade;
maximum marks, 1(01); number uf candidates, 6 ; paused, ti —Marion . Moiinc ,
701; [. .ziibril. J. Gibson, <>94; Kuben
li. Duncan, 008 ; Krai cin J. ShupiHiiu,
693 i Eva G. Biekle, 547; >iabel tf,
Mathuwson, fn: i.
Advanced uoutse, junior grade ; maximum mat lis, ltifK); number uf cn Ilil l
dates, 3; pau-ed, 3—Charles A. Dunesn,
838 ; May A. Sale ti52 ; tithe Ml Fan
yen, 500.
Only one otber city in tlte province
can boast of a perfect record,—Fernie.
and iu tbat centre there were only 4
candidates writing.
Denman Island.
Ou Wednesday evening a reception
was tendered Mr. aud Mrs. John Chalmers, at Denman Island ball, in honor
of their marriage, which took place in
Vancouver Wednesday July 27 til, The
ceremony wns performed by Hev. C. E
Kiddof Union Bay. Tho happy couple
arrived on Saturday evening last, aud
were greeted at the wharf by an eager
aud enthusiastic crowd. Ko sooner
had the bride and groom stepped upon
the gang plank, than they were deluged with rice, which seemed to come
from every direction, and from which
there was no possible escape The reception given them at tbe ball was a
brilliant success. The spirit of youth
seemed to come upon all, as every one
was apparently bent on making the
evening a memorable one in thc list of
octal events. Most of the evening was
spent in dancing, music for the  ureas-
n being provided by Thomas Scott
(violin) and Mrs. T. VV. I'ioivy (pinno).
About eleven o'clock the company re
tired io the dining mom where i' fresh.
inetits were served. The hospitable
board fairly groaned beneath its heav\
load of delicious viands, and ths with
the la-tel'ul arrangement and decoration of the table reflected grent credit
upon tlio-e ladies who hud in hand ibe
Management of th s important part of
the affair. Au interesting feature of
bu evenings events was a short address
delivered by Mr. K <! i, in which he
paid a lilting tribute to the personality
if Mr. Ch diners, and bis humorous re
■mirks exited considerable laughter and
applause Mr. Chalmers, whose cup of
joy seeuiod almost bubbling ovor, re.
plied in fitting terms, thanking tbe
people for the kindness they Imve al-
way shown to him, and especially slnco
the arrival of Mrs. Chalmers this k mines* hud been shown In a marked degree1
At this junction the dance wus again
resumed aud continued until early morning
Mr. Chalmers hus been n residence of
Denman for a number of years, aud is
well and favorably known throughout
the district.
We all join in wishing Mr. and Mrs,
Chalmers a long, happy and prosperous
married life.
Ptiucpd Biyer of the Public School
staff has reconsidered his resignation and
will continue iuchargu of thu local actio 1
for another term.
Another match in the tennis tournament was played off on Thursday. Mrs
Howe defeating Miss Willimar, 6 3, 3 B,
Meeting will be held on
Wednesday eyening
lor that purpose.
A movement is on foot to organiz.
a Ci i/.ens League in town, aim a men
iug for that purpose will be h*ld next
Wedi.esday QVQuillg, in tiie CotlllCI
Chambers, at which it i- hoped thai
all citizens who* have tiie interest oi
the t'wn at heart; "ill be pi'iseut,
The object of ihe League will be u
I most the town. A plalt'of'UI of pro
posed civic improvements w.ll be lai<
down, and at all Civic elections, can
diuateswill be nominated bythe,iesgiji
for Mayor and Alderman, and plidgei.
to the platform laid by lhe  league
One of the mutters tbat will probabb
be takeu up by the league at its tirv
meeting, will be the Sewerage bylaw
i'he oppi sitiuu io the bylaw at tin
election held a few weeks ago wh,
sutHcent to cause the defeat of ih
measure, but it is fell that Ihu object
ton on the partof the citizens was inetvh
io certain delects in the bylaw whiol
might easily be amended, and this suit
jeel will be discussed at Wednesday
meet ng w.th the idea of remedyinj
these defects, aud suggesting snd
amendments to the City Couiuula- wi,
insure (he passing of tlio bylaw whei
next submitted.
The adoption of tho single tax i
another matter thut will be taken uj
on Wednesday, und judging from street
corner conversations, tbere is littli
doubt that this is one of reforms thai
the league will work for.
The idea of a Citizens League seenu
to have been received with favor bj
the citizens generally and a huge attendance is looked for at Wednesday-
There is unquestionably a largi
amount of woik for such an organization to deal witb effectively.
To the Editor Islander.
Sir,— Cumberland is to be congratulated
upon the forming of a Citizens League,
and it is tu bu hoped that one of the tirsi
things they will take up is to discipline
the City Council, by making tbem carry
out matters that are iu the city's interests,
instead uf grii ding their own or theii
friends axes.
Oue matter, as a sample, will show
what I mean.
An otter was made by Mr. Curtis to
enlarge the City Hall at a cost of some
91200, aud still pay his present rent $2t>
a month. A committee was formed to
deal with it, but so far appears to havi
done nothing. Then curtain tnembere
stay away ft in thu council meetings to
prevent a quorum; aud so an * ttur liki
this is beini: quietly strangled—they dan
liot openly oppose it—it's too good.
Ahull it was proposud to toUr^e tht
hall one member said thu council ought
not to do anything of that kind; so it
suems as if his friunds, on tlo- hoard, aie
Hoiking for his iutuiests instead of the
city's, wlncli they wure elected to look
It seems qui't time that the voters
sh uld seu that ibe members attend tin
meeting* and look after thu city's wel
f»re, or ai-k them to nuke room for thnM
that would-and they can do this through
a CitlKultS leHguu.
A Crn/.KN.
A iY Uivis, of tliu ti in ot Cockr-m A
Co, spi.kanu, Wash., visited Cumberland
this week. This tirui is a vory large con
cern, operating t*ulvu b'i» stores on the
Pacitic North west, and ii was for the
purp se of opeilii g a bianch in ibis city,
dealing in ladies' and gout's lurnishinus
exclusively, that Mr. D-vs came to
t >wn. lhal uetitluman liar been oldmed
to, yive up the idea,    for   ill-1    plesenl,
owintf to thu impossibility ■ f pr< coring a
store Iim limy in lown tor love or in -i uy,
abb ■u»h lie brought a quantity if his
stock with him M>. Davis states lhat
hu had been promised a location in tin
city, over thu telephone, as late as las1
Saturday, only to Hid when hu reached
the city, that the propeny could not he
obtained. This has upset thu firms plai s
considerably, and it is Mr. Davis' plan lo
transfer this stoek to a neighboring town,
wheru thu firm contempUted opening up
[ r busiuusi very shortly, and postpone
the company's advent into Cumberland
for a short time, until satisfactory arrangements for opening up iu buiinu s
can hu made, He has, however, obtained
au option on somu olty prol any, and
s atet that the Coukran Co. will probably
build iu thu city in thu near future.
Mwars A. and S. Johnson, of Van
c uver, wure visitors iu Cumberland ti.i*
Tie Misses Joe ami Kris Johnson, of
Victoria, arrived on Wednesday morning
on a shutt visit to their hister, Mrs.
81 lift ho.
Health Officer's repori
is submitted at meeting on Monday
The City Council met in regular se
I'll at lln Cny d-d! on Mi i.da> t»veiihi
.iCtU belli" piuaelit thu Mty >i and A
durmeii MoLeoU, Itrowu and M ri fi id.
A coinuiuiiic: i n was r*ceiv,d frm,
the Union of It C    Muu-cipsiities,   rt
>plu.liillg thu u ntti uiciiitii.'ltdiip fee, whin
■ -,s uiuuicd iu bu remitted.
tills lu lhe amount of $49 02 wer
f-tuiid correct l<y thu Financu Cummittet,
and ordered p,od.
Tnu Mtdical Health Officer's Report
■v-.B received and oidered t;iveii to thi
local iiutfsp-pi ra lor piinbcatioii,
A. Mi.xw«h'a tender of 913U for rt
moving stumpB on Duiismnir Avenue wh
-iceep ed ; tliu teiitlLis for similar woll
j Fifih Avenue were laid on thu tabb
mtil afier the comp ution of thu woik oi
Juiisiuuir Avtiiiie.
Tnu board i f Work was authorised ti
uave the culvert on Dunsmuir Avuuue
a the comer of Fiiih Street, repMirud.
'llm by law to amend thu Suwerngi
liy law was lead a thud time aud passen
Tuuders, with samples of cloth, fm
-lUpplying uniforms for the local pnhc<
toroe Uuiu opened^ W, S. D Siddti.
oeing the oniy tenderer. He submittti
,our, as to.luws:—$32, $U5, &M and $40
No action was taken.
Chief uf Police McLennan submitted
■ ua report ut Police dun tines f..r Juiit
oid Juiy, thu amount being «20 50.
Constable tiruy bubmineu his niontho
report of collections, aa follows :—
Scavenger  $L10 50
L\i_lix. Watchman   ..      71 00
Cit, tt, dTax        2.00
Dug Tax         6 00
City Scab s           1 60
Scaveiigur Buckets ..        1 20
Hall ttuul           25.00
m* 20
The Council then adjourned.
The Medical Health Officer's report
fuilows :—
To the Mayor and Council of the Oil;
of Cumberland.
Sirs,—The health of the city for tin
tiait-yuar juat cloned has been tar froi.
-laliaiacuiiy.     Contagious   anu   li.tectluli.
diseases reported aru ;—
I.a C'ippe Epidemic
Chicken Pox  2
Measles Kpidemio
Tuberculosis 2
Scarlet Fever IJ
Au exceedingly severe type of la grippe
prevailed during the winter months.
Its debilitating effects wero very market:
and a number of cases were followed immediately by pneumonia -though in uo
case with a fatal result.
The two cases of chicken pox were ex
ceenlllgly mild. Measles wure epideinn
in February and March and most of tlu
children, not rendered immune hy a pre
vious attack, became easy vici-iius, *ttutl<
tia^us of tubercul sis of  lungs improver
Older apecial tlualUlkUL IU llie  K tiuloup
nu trict.
A case of cciulet fever appeared ii
t'ubruary, aud since theu wu have ha.
iitiven cases, six uf which occurred  i
lone,     li isa mild   form,   aud   thus bo
11 caauB aru doing well,
Aiisin 1 would call your attention t-
the reqiuruuiuiits of our isolation ho
spital, as mentioned iu my Ust report.
The daiiys supplying milk to thu cit\
iiavu been examiueo and found in satis
mctory condition, Aocompaiiiedby men.
ters of yuur health committee |  made m
l.is, eel loll ol ihe back yards and allem Ol
the town Wc found that iu some cas.
no a'tempt lod ihi n been made to reiimv
■ he winter's scoumula ion * of rubbinb
though verbal notice to mmove same hai
heen given a couple of months p evioii'
Wu tlieiefoiu decided to have nil en m
ices sunt, stating that unle>s (be requirei
cleaning  up was done within ten <l ,\
rom date of notice it would be orderei
done by the city and chaig d against pro
,ierty.    In this way only can wu he SUM
i getting rid of tbe piles of refuse wbicb
during the summer months seivu as hm
Hi-da fur the breeding of germs,    I u> dei
land youi C iu.eil has under eeijiump'a
ti-n a Boliuiue whereby ,the city will un
'Ieituke io leuiove all household gar ban i
it short regular intervals— a plan whiol.
would contribute greatly totlieoleanlim;Bb
ppearaiice and health of our city.
Thu need • f new sewer drains is daily
hecotnb g more urgent. Itis a matter foi
regret that thu suweragu by law recently
-iibniiited to the eil/.'lis failed to carry
Such n result must bu attributed to a mm
understanding of the conditions attunduu
ttie repayment of the loan and not to the
lack of appreciation nf an up-to-date sower-1
•HH system. W« trust lhat soon anothui
opportunity will bugiveu for an expression
<,f opinion on this all important quest! it,
I would bring to notice the fact that no
sewer drains exist on the soul h side of Pen
rlth Avenue, from the residence of Mr. D
siewart to the main sewer it oondiilon
whieli causes a serious inconvenience t<
iwo f.>miii>s. li is important that som<
proelsions be maduai onco t<» carry awaj
thin *-'Mverno(i till permanent drains aru in
lb upcnt fully submitted,
Mr. Scott, who visited
town  last week  is
sought by police.
Mr. Cooli was a visilor to Cuiu-
ii'i'lanil la<i woek
Mr. Cunk, although not. a gontle-
iitin of extraordinarily prep'm^esBing
tpponranoe, * speni8 to have iinprpstted
ha ciiizens wiih at least an adequate
lea of his importance and financial
On Friday eveiung he called upon
dc. Hugh Mitchell, who was routined
o his home hy sickness, to ascertain
t that gentleman's blacksmith shop
viw for sale.
Mr. Mitchell was quite ready to sell
ii lhe price was right. The price,
mwever, was a second in consideration
vith Mr. Cook. Yes he would
tke the business, nnd the cash would
ie paid over as soon as the hank open-
d in the morning,
Mr. Cook was a rustler. Before
tight lie had men figuring upon the
■o>t of a new ldncksmit.li shop as the
xisting one wr,s not neiirly huge
•noiigh for his requirements. He also
ranted a dwelling house erected
He evidently expected to do a rush-
ngl'usiness. llcuiiuie special arrange-
innts with Mr. Mitchells assistant to
ie on hand to start work in the morn-
tig at 6 o'clock, nnd sure enough, the
hop was opened at that hour.
Four horses were ou hand to he shod,
mil after struggling for two hours,
Jmnberland'd new blacksmith had
uccocded in removing three shoes from
•no of Ihem. He then decided that it
vas tiuii! to breakfast.
Shortly after this he produeeda horse
uid buggy from Kilpatrirks' Liverly
liable and stnrted fr Union Bay,
dinoe that time Mr. Mitchell hassceu
neither Mr. Cook or the money.
Towards evening Mr. Kilpatrick bo
u'amu uneasy about that horse aud rig
and stnrted in pursuit, but failed to
locate the blacksmith. The next dny
the horse and rig were found at Park-
•ville, but thodi-iver Imsnot been found
. At Union he al-o did a good stroke
of business. He thore made arrangement; to purchnse the Cooperative
Store, so it is reported, for the insignificant sum of $50,000.
It i» slated that an effort to sell the
torse aud rig was made at Union, hut
nritinalely the deal was not consumat-
Thc livery stable is out the price of
he rig hire and the hotel keeper for a
board bill, which will ptopably never
be settled.
Messrs R .hinsou and Spencer appeared
ichito .ludgu Ahrniiis un Ssturday last,
.nil pleaded not aullty of having robbed
llr. Stnkes, ou thuCuurteiiayUiiiou road
list week.
All lliree admitted tohavlngbeen under
lie iulbieoce of li.jii.it at the time theUlett
vns alludged to have taken place.
The story told by Stokua was that he
iml In un induced to get into a buguy
with the defendants, and later be felt one
if tbem put his brand in his pooket, lie
reiiieinb ted uo more until he w> ke on
the roadside minus $5K, which bu had iu
:us possession when hu eteered the riu.
the aiory told by the defendants was
v.ry different. The three of them wero
driving iu the buitgy when  they met  an
uito at  which  tlieir hnrae   I k fright,
Pwuof llie oecupiuilK, including Stiikoa,
git oui of tho rig, and afler tho motor
nail panned Stokea refused to re outor ttio
iuggy, whereupon they drove oil'and left
bim. They knew nothing about his
annoy,   Tho case was dismissed.
Aug.   7  -Ciiiiiboilainl a* C mrtonay.
Aug  M - Union at C iurionay.
Aug. 21—Cumberland at Union.
Aug. 28— Couftenay at Union.
Sept,  4-Oiiiuberla d at Union.
Sept. 11—Union at Ciiurtonay.
Supt. 18—Cumberland at Courtenay.
Mis. Mies, who recently r. signed Hot
positl iii iiii the uursiiig sMI' of tno local
hCpual, lefi for hor homo in Alborni on
Wednesday morning, THE ISLANDER, CUMBERLAND, B.C.
■VTOBODY lows an umpire. When thc
-Ll Inline team loses, it's all his fault,
nail when the game is woll, it's in
spite of him. Uo the funs applaud when
be handles n fifteen-inning game without making a mistake; do they cheer
his name when he stops a foul tip
with his shin, or has a swift shunt
bounced oil' his mask?" "Ves, they do,
—uot!" says "Hilly" Brans, of the
American league start'. But while the
baseball arbitrator's position can not
be called an enviable one, Mr. Evans,
writing in The Sunday Magazine, eludes to its one rodeeming feature—
•the salary connected with this job."
While itis not generally known, perhaps, there isa*t a man of any promiii-
cnee ia either of the major leagues who
is receiving less than twenty four hundred dollars and expenses for six
months' work. Positions at which such
a salary can be commanded, for so short
a period of time, ure few and far between; consequently the men judging
the plays figure thoy can stand any
abuse that may conic their way.
The   assertion    that    the    umpire's
friends are generally in thc minority is
proved, says Mr. Evans, "hy a little
happening that was staged iu Chics
severul years ago."
Joe Cautlllon, former manager of the
Washington team, wns umpiring in the
American League ut the time, .loe appeared ut the ball park one duy ac-
eoinpuiiicl hv two men. The lllliu ill
charge of the gate was a new employee,
and lie refused to puss iu the two CUi-
eugouns. >
• •I   hav -ders  not   to Jot   anyone
through '.he turnstiles without a pass,
.Mr. cTinti 1 hui. 1 nin sorry; but yuu will
lone   to   sec   .Mr.   Comiskey,"   wus  the
gutemail's none too cheerful greeting.
"Toll   Comiskey   that   1   have   two
friends  wilh   mc and X  would  like  to
puss them  into the game,"  requested
the offended amp.
'I'he gutckcepi-r wrote out Ihe request
und gave it to one of the attendants to
lie  taken   to  Owner   Comiskey  of  the
White Sox.
The   note   rend   us   follows.  " Umpire
Cnntillotl bus two friends with him und
wants to get them into tho game."
It  seems  the  dny   before. Cnntillon
bad a verv tough game to umpire, in
which    scvernl    close    decisi
against the
cage from
While still
como of the
a chanec si
nine team, prev
Boring a possible victory,
trillc sore over the out-
nine, Comiskey coiildn 't let
lip by to huve a little fun at
expense. Sitting down at
his desk he scribbled oil' Ibis reply, " If
there nre Iwo men in Chicago brave
enough to pose ns an.umpire's friend,
especially Cantillon's, puss them in aud
give   'em  box scats."
I'niltillon wasn't any too pleased with
the answer nl the timo; but in after
years he mtinuged to get mnny u hearty
laugh out of thc situation.
Thc writer goes on to tell of a story
in which Cautlllon figured, not as umpire, but as manager of the Washing-
ton team:
Jack Sheridan, dean of umpires, hud
worked scvernl years with Cnntillon.
and consequently criticism from him
would naturally' all'ect Shoridnri more
thnn it would umpires who had never
worked ou the same staff. For a time
•loe wns thc best-behaved manager iu
the world. He tried his bust to overlook all faults, knowing the'plays were
being given inst us seen. Things began
breaking so badly for his club right off
the reel, however, that it was only natural for'him to liy off the handle, llis
first ort'ense hnd .'luck Sheridan nt the
other end of the argument.
Tt was a game at Washington, which
was a battle from the opening of the
first inning to the close of lhe contest.
It seemed as if every play al thc bases
wns close, ami ns Fate would have it
quite a few of the decisions wore going
Against Washington.
Early in the guine Cantillou looked on
without mnking any comment; but, as
nil the brooks in luck seemed destined
to go ngninst his club, his ire began to
assert itself. He begun by pleading
with Sheridan in u sort of a humble wny
to remember thut the Washington club
wns still in the leugiie. Sheridan only
smiled nnd informed doc that if his
tenia lost u few more games it would
hnve such n linn hold on last place that
the fans would begin to think thc club
wus really iu some other organization,
This sully didn't make the Washing
ton manager feel any belter.
The ,-lose plays persisted in coining
up and. in Cantillon's opinion, continued lu gi. the wrung wny. To show his
feeling more clearly, lie began to question sheiidun's judginonl in u moro
forcible milliner. .Inek Stood for lhe
objections for a lime without comment!
bat Anally, us n warning, he informed
Caiililhm'that lhe clubhouso door was
open and would soon be weh'oniiii . hnn.
The   expected   blow   runic  off  in   lhe
■evonth Inning, when Shorldnn nipped
11 prospective rally in tllO bud by do-
daring « man mil nl tbe plate on a very
close play. Cnntillon, who hnd been
couching'nt first, rushi-d to the plato
Wildly excited, nnd in u voice that could
be  hoard   in  llie stands, yelled:
"(If ull the joke decisions I ever SOW,
thnt one wns the limil!"
The hot shol hurt Shcridnn more Hum
he cared lo show: hut he tried to get
back at Cantillou by shouting in n vuice
just a key higher, " T suppose you never
mado a mistake when you were um
fa   PILLS -
"Vos, I made plenty of mistakes,"
Was Cantillon's quick  retort;  "but I
i failed to make the one you are making
1 every day.   When 1 realized that I hud
" gone blind I knew enough to retire!"
This was too much for old Jack, and
lie made Cautillon beat a hasty retreat
to the clubhouse.
An umpire's first season in a big
league is pretty suro to be his hardest,
remarks Evans, aud if he can got
through it successfully, he is likely to
hold down his positiuu permanently.
Of the new men in the American League
last year. Fred, or "Bull" Porine, was
one of the most successful, we are told.
Porine, though small, possesses plenty
of nerve, and always has a good fund of
humor at his tongue's end. Although
never looking for trouble, he always
meets it in a clover way, nnd a few of
his runs in with different players last
year were of an interesting nature.
Jakey Atz, the clover utility player
of the'Chicago White Sox, was twice
the victim of Perine's rule, and each
time Atz was requested to beat it to the
clubhouse. The offense in each instance
was unique.
One day, while playing second base,
Atz felt certain that ho luul caught one
of the visiting players who had tried to
pilfer second. Umpire Porine took an
opposite view of the situation, and declared  the runner safe.
The verdict failed to mako a hit with
Atz, aud he at onco began to show his
indignation over the affair. Rushing at
Perine with his arms waving, much after tlio manner nt a windmill, he protested vigorously against thc ruling.
Perine was obdurate. To show more
strongly just how bad he thought the
decision really was, Atz tossed his glove
high into the air, and followed this performance by sending his cap in pursuit,
This was too much for Perine, who,
without making much ado, turned to
Atz and said:
"Vou may do the rest of your disrobing in  tho clubhouse.''
Thereupon the surprised player discovered that lie had been put out of the
The following day At/, came to the
bat. still a trifle sore ovor the disputed
decisiouj   also   his   ejection   from   tho
With the call of three balls aud no
strikes, Ferine culled two strikes in succession on him. Fearing that any open
objection would, cause his retirement
from the game, Atz refrained from voicing his sentiment; yet, in order to con-
vey his utter disgust, he assumed a sort
of Napoleonic attitude at the plate.
.lake would have stood a better
chance Imd he said something. Perine
failed to appreciate the classic pose,
and told Atz to hike to the clubhouse,
adding that with a little practise he
might make good as a wooden-Indian
sign iu front of some cigar-store. .lake
•hist before a game iu Xew Vork one
dav, I'eriae surveyed his field to see if
everything was ail rigid. Pitcher Bill
Donovan of (Detroit happened to bo
coaching at third base, Perine looked
longer than usual ia his direction. Donovan resented Perine's suspicious glances
and remarked rather sarcastically:
"Umpire your ball-game, don't pay
any attention to me, and you will get
along better."
" Vim'vo already received alt the attention you're going to get from me. On
your way!" was Perine's comeback.
Much'to his surprise and indignation,
Donovan was chased to the clubhouse.
The day passed bv without further argument! Ito had illpped trouble in the
Tho plnvers soon came to the realization that' Porine intended to run his
game without any interference, and
thev  left   him  severely alone.
According to Mr. Kvaus, Tim Hurst,
who retired from tho American League
staff of umpires last year, was "the
greatest, character the game has ever
known," without, an equal "as a dispenser of choice repartee and biting
sarcasm." Another notable umpire is
Jack Sheridan, nf the same league, lle
is the veteran of the diamond, and has
seen  twenty-six years of service. This
roer began in an ndd way;
Back in ihe 'sn's he was a ball-nlayor
nf ability, llis work attracted the at
tentlon of a manager iu the Southern
League, who secured him to strengthen)
his dub, which was weak only at second |
base, the very position in which Sbori
dan was regarded as star. i
T!„. club was playing bettor than the
average ball liefore Sheridan joined the
team; but the manager regarded the i
ponnant as a certainty with .lack in the
lino-lip, Sheridan's arrival was hailed .
wilh great joy, as wonderful advance
printed about hiin.
irked by overwhelm-
homo team, although
ss ball. Tin- second
in defeat, and, try
■ players soo med un-
Hitter how well they
performed. Finally, after the team had
lost twenty-two straight games. Sheridan, who was looked on as the hoodoo,
drew his release because of injury to
his throwiag-anu. The day following
lliq release the team started to win, and
managed to finish second in the race, by
a wonderful fngend spurt.
Sheridan was shy on money, and.
realizing that he had lost his arm and
could no longer earn .uy money playing
ball, set about to beat his way back to
his home iu San Prancisco. Ile stopped
off at Nashville to see a game, and, as
luck would have il, the regular umpire
failed to show up. Some of the players
noted .Tack's presence ami he was re-
quested to work. Ile did so well iu his
initial effort that a regular position was
offered him ami accepted. Sheridan
made his start as umpire in 1SS4, and is
still at il, as king of Ihem all.
Among umpires, players, and even
fans, any announcement relative to
Sheridan's retirement is treated as a
joke. Five yenrs ago Sheridan really
'did intend to gel out of tho game, announced his rotireinoiit, und then, for j
obvious reasons failed to mnko good.;
Bach year some newspaper-man, more toi
have a little fun al Jack's expense than
anything else, Issues a fake announcement of Sheridan's determination tf j
forsake the diamond for good.
At lhe time Sheridan really did in j
tond to rosigu he was so situated that1
he decided he could put his ability to
better advantage in another line, ln
all sincerity he announced his .retirement, and went so far as to mako a
farewell speech at Detroit. In his oration ho thanked the fans for the great
courtesy thoy had always shown him,
and wound up sarcastically by sayiug
that ho was sorry he couldn't accept an
| urgent invitation to go under the grand
stand aad get nis block knocked off.
While many of the fans had at various times been sore at Jack over decisions that worked to the detriment of
thc home team, all of them regretted
his determination to quit.
"Forget it and come back in the
spring!" was the almost unanimous reply to Jack's speech.
Kverytnlng moved "along nicely until
about the eighth inning that day, when
Jack gave a close one against the home
boys. There was ouly a mild protest
from the players; but a fan in the
bleachers set the crowd, players, and
Sheridan himself to laughing, when, in
a high tenor voice that carried all over
the grounds, he sang:
"We don't care if you never come
buck! .lust take your clothes and go!"
By Frederick W. Montoith
IT is au odd fact—and, by the way,
facts are nearly always odd—that
though we have reduced the process
of acquiring knowledge to be almost
au exact science, we have l.tp tho
method by which we decide how best
to utilize thut knowledge largely to
chance or personal predilection or to
tho suggestion or advice of somebody
A young man leaving college, or whatever* educational institute claims him
as her finished product, can have the
extent of his acquaintance with mathematics, languages, ancient and modern,
dead or alive, history, geography, the
sciences, and heaven only knows what
elso, figured out to two or throe decimal
places; ho can be informed just exactly
how ho compares with all his follow
students; he will know to a fraction
how much more ho knows than they, or
vice versa; nnd he will likely he harmfully assured by admiring female
friends that tne chances of his success
in life are in direct ratio to the comparative value of,his scholastic equipment. But it isn't so. Such considerations may have value if the choice of
a career lie among the professions; but
if a commercial career bo uuder consideration any conclusion based on them
is as likely to be wrong as right.
Success in business does not depend
on knowledge, yet can rarely bo achieved without it. A high-class education
is not an essential, yet the woll-oducat
ed man in business will havo a better
notices had been
Mis debut was tu
ing dofont of ine
he played high ch
dav also resulted
as' they might, tli
able   tii   win
Prima  Donna  Soprano,   with   Thavius
2aud, at tho Winnipeg Industrial Exhibition, July 13-23.
-et of tools wilh which h< work than one
less qualified. Bul lei 00 oue .imagine
lhat the possession of a good set of tools
necessarily indicates oxportllOBS iu tho
use of thom. There are some qualities
which every successful buslnoss man has
which he never learned, aud which he
cannot, be laught, for there was uo oue
qualified lo teach him. lu some ways,
and iu some things, he was "born, not
inmle,'' ami without iu any way undervaluing al] that education can do, the
fact renmin.s that the fundamentals of
business success must be iu him before
his  pducatlon   begins.
Whnt he- is is far more important
than what he has. If he is. he will
have, for ho will deserve to have, and
no one can stop him. If he is uot, he
will never have, ami even if that which
he seeks is givon to him. he cannot keep
it, for he docs not know how.
Whnt, then, does he need most to bo,
if he expects lo make a success of a
commercial career, lle must be menially alert, to see all sides of a many-
sided question, Ho musl bo clear-headed, to tell from the facts which he does
know Ihe ones he does not know. Ho
must think correctly and decide quickly,
lie must have ballast enough tn stand
success and grit enough lo profit by
misfortune, lb' must be courteous,
when ho would much ralher not he; he
must be polite, but not obsequious,
smooth, but not slick, la the multitude
of things tlmt will be lold him he must
be able to tell llie wheat from the chaff,
and know which to preserve. Ue must
know how to talk a great deal without
Baying very much, but when he does
commit himself lo anything he must be
sure lhat it Is well within his power to
Does not contain Alum
Canada will some day stop by legislation tiie tue
of alum in baking powder. Alum powders injure
digestion.   Great Britain already prohibits alum ui
MAGIC ia bdfcer than
any food law requires.
MAGIC insures healtb-
fuU wholesome food. Brings
success to you
in baking light
flaky biscuits.;
cake and pastry.
a medium priced baking
powder and the only well*/
known one made in Canada
that does NOT contain alum.,
Full Pound Cans, 25c,
Made in Canada
Be sure of purity—insist on MAGIC
E. W. Gillett Co. Ltd. Toronto, Ont
CDCP f*f\f\lt" W\fW Ussm%*nmm:nmi,tam-mt»-^.r„.s..*,,mUm,t-tltl_w*i
ftUutt \AJr\Jlk. BUUfk m imml amt —* m. wtmSmi lal. ta* <Hi ta m—4 Iw rf *»
keep his word. Me must know the value
of a minute, and what can be done in
it, either by himself or by some ouo in
his employ, lie must be as careful to see
that the other fellow gets his as to see
that,he gets his own, and not to make
the other fellow's share too big. He
must kuow the value of the dollar with
which he buys, and the exceeding great
difference between that and the value
of Lhe dollar for which lie sells. He
must realize that to be in business for
his health is not good for him nor for
any one else, that philanthropy and
business are not the same He wants to
be prepared to take life easy when the
time comes, but uot to begin too soon.
He will appreciate thut making money
for tho sake of making it marks the
miser, and making it for the sake of
spending it for good and sniUeicnt value
marks the MAN—ui short, that he must
be many things, and know many things
not found in any university curriculum,
and which come rather by inspiration
than by inquiry.
We discuss the future of our boys
with little reference to the personnel
of the boys themselves, and we select
this or that future for our sons because
it is "genteel" or because Uncle .loan,
who is in the pill business, happens at
tbat moment to have a vacant desk in
Ins office. Then later on we feel personally aggrieved became George or Tom
does not show any indication of taking
as kindly to the pill business as Uncle
.John did.
Then there is the element of luck, just
pure, hull headed luck. Of course, uo
really scientific writer on business economics admits its existence, but it does
exist. The good, honest, noble copybook stvle of vouth does nol nlwav?
pul] down all the unattached valuables
that aie lying around loose; and Hie apparently worthless, shiftless fellow of
whom little is expected sometimes unexpectedly forges to the front. There
are dozens of buslnoss men in any city
at thn present moment who are at the
head of large and successful enterprises,
and who cannot be figured out to be entitled to tlm positions they hold—not to
say—/ill by any rule of business economics that'ever was thought of. Uut
they are there.
The fact Is, there is jusl enough lock
iu business to make it interesting: just
enough chance to gi\e the loss able aud
less brilliant fellows some; just onougll
uncertainty to destroy that feeling of
cocksure.liios that comes wheu one has
figured out tlmt by all rules nnd prcce
dents that ever were written by the
copvbook maxims thai in our struggling
chiidhnod we labored—successfully—to
forgot; just when we nre dend certain
of two things, one being that the other
fellow can't win, nnd the other, that we
cun't lose, we find thnt there is a mis-
cue somewhere, and the chap we oro go-
ing to beat out sweeps homeward past
us in an automobile, while we rummage
dolefully iu our vest pockets for a red
car ticket.
What, then, is a young man to do?
Don'l ask me; don't ask anybody; ask
hiin. Ue knows; the others say they do,
but. they don't. Give Iiim ti yenr or
two. not more, In look at it from below
—to size up the unclimbed height that
lies boforo him, rather above him than
beforo him, for the road to the top is
pretty nearly si might up; then let him
lie asked by some one who has the rigid,
and if thore be mine such let him ask
himself, and there be mme with a better
tight—if he can climb, and if when at
the top ho can slay there. Give him a
fair chance lo find ont inst what he is
up against, and how the problem of get-
ling lliere appeals to hhn. Uct him
be face In face with lhe question; but
let him answer it himself. He knows
the solution. If he doesn't nobodv
else does.
It is regrettably true that so far tr
many young mun in every large city
aid concerned—and Winnipeg is no ex-
ceptinn to th" mio—tho foregoing \*mu-
graph and others like it might as well
have been written in the original Greek
for all they will get out of it. To them
the idea of climbing by their own exer
lions is absolutely meaningless; they
never heard—because they did not caie
to lieai1—of such a thing. They understand being boosted up by the kindly
help of tho boss, who iu tlieir view of
it is wliere he is largely for that purpose, aad who is sadly remiss in his
duty if he does not, at "staled intervals,
not too far apart, evidence his appreciation in practical form of the added
value which is in their own estimation,
if not in his. their sorviees havo undoubtedly acquired. The notion, dreadfully |old-fashioned, of learning anything more about the business than
what they need to Mst them till six
o'clock does not appeal to them ut all.
But why describe them, wo all know the
breed. With ideas too large to work,
and too few for anything else; with a
tremendously diversified smattering of
many things,  1 a lamentable lack of
concentrated knowledge of detail, with
little ability and less inclination to be
of use; doing what he does because he
has to. not because he wants to—emphatically, an unprofitable servant; useful, mainly, as a background for the
other kind of fellow, that the man
worlh while may be recognized and
This has brought us round to thut
other question, closely akin to the one
with which this,article has been dealing,
namely, whether it is iu general better
for a young man to select a position ot
independence in a business of his own,
no matter how small it mny be. or to be
content with a position ns employe, with
its attendant freedom from responsibility and care. It is difficult, if not impossible, to either think or write about
this question without being to somo extent influenced—and often Improperly,
by lhe glamor that always attaches to
the idea of being one's own boss, to the
nol ion of independence, often more fancied than real, and by tho ideu not
always.expressed, but generally preseif.
in some more nr less definite form, tbat
the one is a better mau than the other,
or he wouldn't be (here. This is wrong,
ii Ih also unjust. |i often requires a
greater expenditure of eiiory, conscientious effort, ami good grey matter for
the employe to do his work, and do it
right, than it  does for the employer to
do his,  I  there are  I Ireds of cm
ployos who worry more over tlieir share
of Uie general responsibility of making
tilings go than the employer does over
lhe whole thing. Perhaps tliey don't
need to; but they do, and it is curious
that very often the possession of this
very faculty which mahes them so viilu
able in the subordinate position is the
very thing that unfits them for a larger
sphere of activity.
Nothing but harm can result from
any  theorizing as to  which  ought  to
be the objective of the employe; that is
to say, whether he should aim at making
himself comfortable in his employer's
service, doing for him the very best that
he can, nnd without seeking ultimately
to fill a more independent if ngt a mure
lucrative position, or whether he ought
to regard the ultimnte establishment of
nn undertaking all his oW» as the legitimate outcome of the experience and
knowledge he is getting. Here again
the question is aa individual one, and is
answered by no rule or set of formulae,
which after all govern matter, not
minds.    .
Uut if he does decide to go into business for himself, ami of course this is
sure to be in some line pretty much the
same as he wus lately employed in, (lis
late employer is sure to consider himself
aggrieved. That his trusted employe
should use the knowledge obtained while
with him to start in opposition is always a hard blow to a small man. Whv
should he not start for himself? He
gave the services he was paid for, and
if his former employer fears his opposition he should have retained his hot-
vlcos, If there are weak spots in tho
old business that lie intends to profit by,
whose fault is it that these weak spots
are there. If there are dissatisfied customers, who is to blame for their being
dissatisfied/ If he cannot run a business as wel! as his former employer, the
latter need not fear his competition;
if lie can run it better, his former employer was very foolish not to let him
run the old business and give him nn in-
tyrost in it. In Canada too few young
men of capacity are taken in hy a going
Some dny, perhaps, we will have a
commercial milleiiium, when everybody
will do just what they ought to do;
when there will be no*more fitting of
round pegs into square holes; when
everybody, employer and employe, and
even the poor public, will get just what
he thinks is coming to him; when there
will be no bad debtors and no bud
debts; when we will have just what we
think we ought to have, and everybody
will be. perfectly contented.
It is coming, of courso, but we will
nl! be dead long before it gets here,
which, in view of the shock it would be,
is probably just as well.
Comet Hash across de sky
Dunno whore it's bound;
I'ays a  visit  on de tly,
•Its a-fonliir   'round.
Blossoms snlilin' up mo sweet
In de woods is found—
Deu  they  vanishes complete,
.Ies a foolin '   'round.
It's eilCQUrngili' to see
In the or ground.
Everything, de same as me,
.Ies  a-foolin'   'round.
IV you can't bo girlish, bc as girlish as you can. summed up
in   a   nutshell,    this  is   the   intent   of   tho   moment's
Simplicity incarnate—simplicity so cnrefully studied thnt
it is the very utmost of art, this is the effoct aimed at and
achieved in the new costumes, which, for want of a bettor
name are styled by the dressmakers "peasant" types.
That word "peasant" as the initiated well know, must bo
taken with a grain of salt. Nobody dreams of over looking
like a peasant, and if the couturiers, early in the spring, commended the stoop-shouldered, flat-chested, thick waisted feminine figure in Millet's "Angelus" as tho exemplification of
ttie desirable summer silhouette, nobody appeared to be much
carried away with the idea, and with the exception of a few
White Voile de Soie and Liberty Satin Down
fatuous followers of fashion, most women have been content
with greatly modified adaptations of the 'peasant" type.
The new figure has been arrived at too laboriously and painfully to be given up at a word now ami disguised in swath
ing folds of material at the waistline, in thickly gathered
petticoats and bodices Moused informally at back ami front.
Ho only the beautiful simplicity of the peasant dress, and a
few modes of cut and trimming that arc really artistic and
graceful have beeu incorporated into most ot the summer
For example, the seamless shoulder which gives the curve
of throat, shoulder and arm the utmost benefit, and which is
distinctively a peasant type, has held its own and become a
dominant feature of summer dress, while the thick-waisted,
wide belted bodies have been pleasantly modified into more
conventional and,satisfactory lines. Few figures would stand
the straight, limp peasant skirt, gathered around the waist
line; but all skirts have been kept narrow and straight, and
all skirts are four or more inches from the ground in the
simple peasant fashion of those who must do their travelling
This new cult of simplicity in dress is confined, however,
to "la ligue." Tho line—the silhouotte—is as carefully
studied by the frockbiiihler handling material and scissors
as by the sculptor with his marble and chisels. Hundreds
of dollars' worth of trimmings are loaded on the new frocks
and wraps, but ever is the line kept in mind as the supreme
consideration, and so cunningly are the tl burnings incorporated with the gown material that they do not distract the
eye iu individual detail, nor in any manner interfere with the
flow ami grace of the whole gown.
Hand embroideries of all sorts lend themselves with particular success to the new trimming methods, and many
dressmakers, wheu expense is an item which must bo considered by thfl customer, give back the shaped section of material to be hand embroidered nt hime, furnishing themselves
the exact shades of embroidery noss to produce the desired
color harmony. Hy this means beautiful frocks arc often
obtainable at DO more than the ordinary cost of making,
whero thc dressmaker's price for much hand embroidery
would be almost prohibitive.
Veilings of chiffon are another means of expressing simple
lines with an expense befitting the reputation of a great
dressmaker. These veilings of ehilVon iu blending tones mny
cost a pretty penny, especially if there be a full of chantilly
laee between. Most lovely lines of simplicity aro achieved
by some of theso intricately veiled elfects, and always and
unfailingly the airy breadths of chiffon aro substantially
weighted at the foot to produce the correct straight and
simple fall.
If the aftermath of the comet wus not as spectacular us
was prophesied, the world of fashion has made up for it with
a regular motoric display of new styles and new colors.
There is nlwnys the "knocker" who goes abroad nnd
comes back to flay that it is a pity America does not set her
own fashions instead of borrowing from across the water.
Perhaps in this busy continent the women who do not have
leisure to devote to'the designing and making of clothes do
well to take their pick of the foreign fashions and adopt
France seems uuable to restrain the desire to burst into a
glorious displny of colors as soon as the trees blossom. The
most popular materials aro the thin foulards and chiffons,
The old-time surah weave is made up in simple styles. One
fetching costume is a porcelain blue, covered with white
dogwood blossoms. The little blouse is full and collurless,
with a yoke nf Venetian Ince. Short, full sleeves are finished
with lace at the elbow. The skirt does not follow the prophecy that the Paris skirts are to be narrower than narrow, but
is quite full. The bottom of tho dress is finished with two
broad flounces and lace. The hat is the finishing touch of
the costume. It is of porcelain blue crinoline, trimmod with
dark blue velvet magnolias.
Many of the coats to suits, short coats for separate wear
and lonp traveling coals of light-weight fabrics are attractively lined with figured foulard, usually blue and white.
While the white lingerie or tailored,waist is for strictly
tailored skirjs and coats for ordinary wear, the waist to be
used with tho dressy suit must mntch tho latter in color, and
to be perfect should bc of the "veiled" order.
Perhaps the most conspicuous feature in the latest waists
is the use of Chantilly waists for the main portion of the body
and sleeves.. This is newer than chiffon or gau/.e or plain n^t
or any transparency aud is becoming popular—perhaps too
popular. Be thnt as it may. the Chantilly waist, partaking of
the nature of the juniper iu effect, at least, is the fad of
the moment.
Some of these waists are made of all-over, some of band-
agings about three or four inches wide joined by lapping flat
ly and running togetheer the edges and others of bandings
connected by narrow straight insertions of matching luce or
volvet or moire ribbon. This structure is either worn as a
"shell" or jumper over dainty waists of various sorts or is
permanently posed on a foundation waist of whito chiffon,
mousseliue, mnlines or line or coarse net. Not infrequently
this posed Chantilly waist is veiled by an outer one of very
thin chiffon or marquisette, but in either event it is the Chantilly to which nttcntion is intended to be called.
It is the foulard that is now the popular silk fabric for
those useful waists which are a littlo dressier than some tub
waists and less so than the "veiled" styleB. Bordered foulards ure favorod, tho borders making very pretty facings or
frills, collars or cuffs. Certain waists of this description are
very chic in effect, but not all of them are successes so far as
appearances go. Plain foulards trimmed with figured, or a
reverse arrangement are both favored, and it is noted that
some of the smartest have the high boned stock instead of
the Dutch or frilled neck. Persian and polka-dotted borders
or trimmings aro favored ovor other varieties.
The usual madras and summer cheviots are seen in tailored
waists, which depend on cut and simplicity for their smartness rather than on the number of tucks or plaits that might
bc employed in their construction. They will be worn wtth
smart linen collars.    >
Thin white waists aro heavily incrusted with embroidery
motifs. Cluny or Irish lace insertions, ornaments, 'beadinir
etc., and the majority of them are shown with sleeve* routing
only to or just below the elbow. Many are of the low-neck
type. Plaited frills aro a pnrt of a great majority of dressy
tub waists and while they are not novelties they are often
uniquely arranged. Crochet buttons, soft, washable, are often
seen on'somo of the prettiest waists in connection with either
lace or embroidery or a combination of both.
For mountain, seaside, country or general practical wear
there are waists of wool fabrics in a variety of weaves and
designs. Persian effects, stripes, pin dots, etc., aro noted ia
popular challes, flannels and similar fabrics. Most of these
waists are rather "shirty" in make, having yokes, shirt
sleeves and buttoned cuffs.
A GOOD way to repair small holes in holland' blinds is to
get some court plaster, cut a piece a little larger than
the hole, warm, and plnce perfectly flat over the hole,
it is easy to launder a plaited frill.    Simply baste the
plaits to position along the hem or laee edge before washing
them and iron them that way.   The basting can then be removed and the plaits will be in their original places.
Yardage frilling is made of various washable fabrics.and
ordinarily the laces used are good. In high-class frilling hand
embroidery i.s a favored embellishment. Hemstitching, French
dots. Irish, Cluny and Val, laces are all employed as a finish.
Grey Crepe de Chine Gown
Everything points to an active demand for linen and pique
collars, both embroidered nnd plain. Embroidered effects in
the orthodox turn-overs are as popular as ever nnd ar.i especially attractive in pique styles.
New plain collars of ultra shapes are also shown, the low,
rolling style in V-front effect which is especially smart with
tailored waists and the deep, flaring turn-down which is "exactly right" in its shape and fit, being both stunning in
appearance and comfortable as well.
A fancy of the season is to wear these collars with Wind
sors tied in bows or four-in-hands or with the tubular crochet
ties which have taken a new lease of life in most attractive
'By H. S. Adams)
FREAK flowers long have been, and
long will be; but all tbe efforts te
upset the color laws of nature have
left little impress on thc horticultural
world. Only the black tulip actually
has been remembered through the generations, and that is largelv because it hus
been immortalized in tiie highly entertaining romance of Alexandre'Dumas,
La Tuiipe Noire.
As a matter of fact,.freak flowers, in
the very nature of things, never have
been, and never can be of more than
passing, and entirely fictitious, interest
First, last, and always, they are freaks,
and that iu itself condemns them in the
mind of the genuine lover of flowers,
who follows Nature instead of trying to
evade her laws. More often than not,
hey are impostors as well as freaks, and
accordingly deserving of much foss advertisement than they are wont to get.
Jn a sense thoy may all be said to be
impostors, in that the truth invariably
has to be stretched to eover their claims
to uniqueness. There was a so-called
"black rose" in New England gardens
two generations ago. It was called
"George IV." and was black only in
the sense that it was blacker than any
other rose known. In reality it was a
very deep red, so dark on the edges of
the velvety petals as to seem almost
black or a littlo way off, though really it
was far from black. There have been
other "black roses," but none of them
have been altogether free from suspicion
of some artificial process having been
used to deepen tho color. It is extremely doubtful if Nature herself ever will
let the rose get any blacker than the
deepest shade of red.
The "black tulip" is often referred
to, but what actual evidence is there
that it was really black? With all that
is knowu of color shades now, there
probably is not a seed or plant catalogue, or a book on flowers, that is precisely accurate in color observations.
The chances are that the famous "black
tulip" was only near-black, before Dumas lifted it from Haarlem llower and
civic history and gave it a romantic fiction setting, "La Tuiipe Noire," tho
modern "blnck tulip," is described as
"glossy black," but there is a saving
grace in the clause "the high lights reflecting the deepest maroon." In other
words, it is not actually black, aud iu
truth, is much handsomer than if it
were. Its price, half a dollar a bulb, is
high for tulips, but looks small enough
beside tlte 10,000 florins that a single
"Semper Augustus" brought in the
height of tho Holland tulip mania of
1(130 ami 1637, when men actually sold
tulip bulbs "short" and could not covei
their sales. Tulips run into purple as
well as red shades, and no doubt the
"black tulip" of Ilanrlem was the extreme dark tone of one of these colors.
Like the devil, it was not as "black as
it is painted."
The so-called "black calla" is no
blacker. It is a sort of intense maroon
brown that looks black, or rather blackish. Likewise the flowers of the strawberry shrub (Calycanthus floridus).
Country children of three or more generations have called its dark-brown
flowers "black." That a true black
will ever find its wny into the ranks of
the "florists' flowers" is improbable—
and certainly not to ht* desired.
The "blue rose," which professional
growers have striven fm' much more
earnestly than for the "black rose," is
advertised in some catalogues by a blue
that is blue enough in ull conscience,
but the German discoverers call it
"violet blue," 'ind the strongest claims
made for it acknowledge a reddish
tinge. I'nless chemically produced, it
is doubtful if there ever will be a really
blue rose. The "green rose" exists, it
is true, but it is scarcely more than a
greenish abortive flower that is hardly
worth a second look. In any sense i*
would belter uot hnve been.
The "gKvn carnation,*' of couruc,
belongs to the class of freak flowers
that are out and out "fakes." It has
been claimed that it originated in Paris,
iu 1892, when a young working-woman
inadvertently plunged into a green
fluid the stems of some white pinks that
she wore as a corsage bouquet. Years
before that, however, American country
school boys and girls were getting both
pink ami green results by putting the
stem of a white carnation in an ink well
or bottle nnd letting capillary attraction
do the rest. The "green carnations'"
that have become a staple for St. Pat
rick's Day are produced by a similar
process, They are less green than greenish, as the color naturally follows the
venation of the petals. And it is a most
unearthly green.
Tno general process of artificially col
oring cut flowers hus heen the subject
of a great deal of interesting scientific
research in France. One scieutist has
experimented with two hundred coloring matters and operated on nearly six
hundred different plants. Oue of the
things determined in this wny is the
rate of fluid progress through the stem
and petals of the flowers. Acid green,
it seems, goes up quickly, aiid blue and
brown slowly. It is thought, too, that
flowers thus dyed may he of use as models in industrial art, where nil sorts of
liberties are takeu   with   colors,   even
Canadian Made
No doubt you will agree that if quality and price are equal every
Canadian should buy Canadian made goods in preference to any others.
Not only is it patriotic—it's sound common sense.   The money
•pent for Canadian goods goes to build up Canadian industries and
{irosperity, and makes it easier for every Canadian to earn a good
On the other hand, money spent for foreign made goods goes out
of the country to pay foreigners—not to benefit Canadians.
Toilet and Medicinal Preparations are compounded in Canada from
the purest ingredients which money can buy. The National Drug and
Chemical Company of Canada returns to Canadians in employees'
salaries, dividends and other expense disbursements, close to'One
Million Dollars a year. In addition to this we spend millions every
year in Canada for raw materials, tins, bottles, labels, boxes and
otber supplies, giving employment to hundreds of Canadian tinsmiths,
glass workers, paper makers, printers, lithographers, box makers,
and others.
So even if NA-DRU-CO goods were only "just as good" as those
imported from other countries, you would be following a sensible and
patriotic course in buying them.
As a matter of fact, though, NA-DRU-CO Toilet and Medicinal
Preparations are better than those imported. Try NA-DRU-CO
Talcum Powder, NA-DRU-CO Greaseless Toilet Cream, NA-DRU-CO
Tasteless Cod Liver Oil Compound or any other NA-DRU-CO preparation, and see for yourself.
Von risk nothing in making the test, for if the NA-DRU-CO
article does not entirely satisfy you, return it and your druggist
will refund your money.
National Drug and Chemical Company
of Canada, Limited.
Halifax.    St. John,   Montreal,   Ottawa,   Kingilon,   Toronto,   Hamilton, London,
Winnipci,   Retina,   Calgary,   NeUon,   Vancouver,   Victoria. _y
School of Mining
Affiliated te Queen*! University.
nr gamma* « ta. Meal —a carta*
utfonnauoa, aapir ta t— *m—ta—, astM
ef Minim, KlacMoa.   OM.
Mining and Metallurgy
Chemistry and Mineralagy
Mineralogy and Oeolegy
Chemical Engineering
Civil Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Electrical  Engineering
Mdogy and Public Health
Power Development
Jknh £jJ0ty   i'n
when tlio fupn i.s exuctly followed. Now
and then i|nite curious freaks nre de
ve loped. The woolly woundwort, for instance, lias thick silvery leaves, but if
nllowed to absorb the proper coloring
fluid the leaves become red while the
hnir is white.
Freak (lowers on a living plant may
he similarly produced, nud iu this direction there has been considerable French
experimentation. In the case of tiie living plant there is, of course, nothing to
do but to puncture some of the root
cells so that the coloring fluid can be
drnwn up. The cells are punctured with
a penknife or pin and in a few days the
color change In the flower is noted.
Acid colorings go up all right, but basic,
colorings will uot.
Pichol, in 1875, immersed the rose-
"enuti'iin, forget-me-not, heliotrope,
periwinkle, and blue campanula in
ether, to which some ammonia had been
added, and changed their colors. While
these mauves and blues changed, however, the yellow double buttercups, wall*
(lowers, ami marigolds were not altered.
PRODUCTS obtained from the shark
arc both numerous and valuable.
Shark fins furnish a jelly that
makes a delicious soup, if one mny credit the statements of those affecting that
delicacy. There is an excellent market
for this jelly wherever Chinese are to be
The shark's Uver gives a splendid
clear oil excellently adapted for the
lubrication of the * parts   of   watches,
clocks, and tine guns. This oil is held
in some quarters in as high esteem as is
the oil obtained from porpoises and dogfish liver, long claimed to be the finest,
animal oils.
Shark skin is of much value. It is of
a beautiful burnished grey or bluish
color, and at first glance looks like finely grained leather by reason of the tiny
prickles plentifully set ono way. There
ure so many of these prickles, quite invisible to the naked eye, that the effect
afforded the dried skin is one of rich
benuty, a quality that makes it pnrticu-
larly valuable for the manufacture of
shagreen. It is employed for many
decorative purposes.
Eveu the bones of sharks are useful.
The spine is in constant demand by the
manufacturers of curious walking-
sticks. They pass a thin inalaeca or
steel rod through the polished and round
vertebrae, and the result is a cane that
sells for a high price. The shark-spine
stick is a great favorite in Germany.
Tnr DraKlat   WUI Tell Yo*
Murine Eye Remedy Relieves Sore Eyea,
Strengthens Weak Eyes. Doesn't Smart,
Soothes Eye Pain, and Bells for *0c. Try
Murine ln Tour Eyes and ln Baby's
Byes for Scaly Eyelids and Granulation.
Dr.Martel's Female Pills
prescribed and recommended (or women's ell
menu, a scientifically prepared remedy of proven
worth. The result from their use is quick and
permanent. For sale at all dnifr stores.
Published   every   Saturday   at  Cumberland,   B.C.,   by
Ormond T. Smithe,
Editor and Proprietor.
Advertising rates published elsewhere in ihe paper.
Nulr'crip.i'iM price $1.50 per year, pnynlile in advance.
The editor dues not Hold  himself responsible for views expressed by
V/hat the Editor has to say.
We would like to suggest to the City Council thut the
time lias arrived when the antiquated system of taxing improvements in this town should be abolished, and the system
of levying a rate upon land values only should be adopted.
Had this system been adopted several years ago it is safe
to say that the city would, to-day, be one of considerably
greater importance tban it is.
Were there 100 houses more erected in Cumberland at
the present time it is a certainty tbat tbey would all be immediately rented.
Just think what this would mean. One hundred'families
to be clothed and fed and help support the business institutions of tbe town ; to spend tlieir wages here and to help
develop tbe district. It is a fact tbat dozens of men have left
the town in the last few months simply because it is impossible to rent a house in the city.
While this is the ease there are dozens of vacant lots in
tbe city upon which the owners are [laying practically no
taxation, who are holding on to their land waiting for tbeir
neighbors to make tlieir property more valuable.
If the policy of taxing land values only wore adopted in
this city, as has been done in Vancouver and other progressive
centres, these people would be forced either to build upon
their property and make it bring in some returns, or sell it to
s uneoue who would.
The reason why a man should be fined for improving his
property is not at alPclear. In fact to do so is a rank injustice,
aud cannot he justified on any pretext whatever.
We would like to see our council take up this matter at
Tbe change would meet witb the approval of practically
all the citizens, with the exception of a few who are holding
on to their property for speculative purposes only.
A copy of the Nanaimo Assessment By-law may prove of
interest in this connection, a copy of which is printed below :—
A by-law to fix the rate of taxation upon real estate in
the city of Nanaimo, for the year 1010.
Whereas it is necessary to fix the rate of taxation upon
real estate ill the City of Nanaimo, for the year 1910.
Be it therefore enacted by the Mayor and Aldermen of
the City of Nanaimo, as follows :—
1. During the year 1910 improvements as described upon
the assessment roll of the corporation of the City of Nanaimo
for tbe year 1010, sball be exempt from taxation.
•J. There is hereby settled, imposed and levied, and there
shall be raised and collected an equal lute of 13 mills on the
dollar upon all tbe land described upon tbe Assessment Hull
of tbe year 1010, of tbe Corporation of the City of Nanaimo,
at its assessed value thereon, for general purposes,
3. Tbere is hereby settled, imposed mid levied, and tbere
shall be raised and collected a special rate of five mills on the
dollar upon all the land described upon the Assessment Boll
for tbe year l!)10,"of the Corporation of the City of .Nanaimo;
at its assessed value thereon, for school purposes,
■t. There is hereby settled, imposed and levied, and there
shall be raised and collected, a special rate of one mill on the
dollar upon all the land described upon the Assessment Roll
for the year 1910, of the Corporation of the City of Nanaimo,
at its assessed value thereon, for Board of Health and hospital
5, The aforesaid rates and taxes, ns well as the special
rates of the debentures of the city, sball be due and payable
lo the collector of the Municipal Council, at his olliee in the
City Hall. Nanaimo, on tbe 31st day of August, lii|(), and all
persons who pay the aforesaid rates for general purposes, on
or before the 23rd day of November, 1910, shall be entitled to
n reduction of one-sixth of the general rate.
li. 'fhe rates and taxrs on real estate which are unpaid
on the .".1st, day of December, 1910, shall bear interest therefrom until paid, at the rate of eight per centum [ier annum.
7. This bylaw may ho cited for all purposes as the Real
Estate Tax By-law, 1910,
to solicit
subscriptions to
Are you
If not
ii is!
In either case you should be interested in this
on commission
Only bustlers need apply
Carrying a full line of the very best
and Jewellery
Also a
None Better : : Few as Good
The name is a guarantee
Try a Package.    1-211)..
lib. and 21b. Packages
Sole Agents for Cumberland
The Big Store
f   -----   T   -    1 I
The present owner is making lots
of money, but will sell at a sacrifice
on account of
Will sell on the buyers own terms
The building and lot are also for
sale cheap, or will rent on reasonable terms
Full particulars may be learned
by communicating with
•• nn »»
M" The Islander Office
Cumberland. B.C. 1/
If You'll require to he careful
about   your   " thin"  summer
suit.     To " hang right" and
not to " Sag," it ought to he
made  to your order hy   the
t ,aW   most  capable tailors.    There's
"' a lot of satisfaction in " Hob-
berlin" Made to Order
light weight suits. We are
tailing orders now for the real
Halifax and Hewson tweeds,
made up in two pieces, coats
semi-lined, long graceful lapels,
broad shoulder effect, trousers
with loops and cuffs. Fit
positively guaranteed or money
Prices are $20 to $22.50
To  the  printer who
does good work.
Good printing is the
only kind we do, and
our prices are  reasonable
See   us  about your
next printmg job
Prints everything
Prints it well
.lob work ( Ynu can get wlmt you
want when you want it at The Islander
Pi tune 35.
Do your own shopping. See McKin-
nell for Clioice Fiuitu, C nfeetir.neiy
and Ice Cieitin. J26
A masA meeting nf the miners aid nil
ficpl \ih'8 nF the Ottinidian (' itlurina
Limited, will he held to m-.rrow af'er-
noon on the Oul l«\.oihall Grouuda
A"other g'lipment of j. b type .ms'lc n
receivdd Ht this nfti<e ihin »**■ k. ai it our
..nl iie» cf extcmioK thn fines! qua'it
f j b w rk me daily ini proving. You
crtimo eet better j b woik done in a« y
print shop in the picvince, ai.d "ur prices
are ri^ht
It is expected that a large number of
ro ters will "company the local b.l
t-iw^rs to Courtenay to-morrow to see the
I i' 1 ners new t wirier adminifltera cat nf
whitewash tothe league lenders. Smne of
'he hi ys hnve a little loose change to bet
nn thelocals chance",HndastheOourtenay
uppo ter« are notorious for thei»' willing'
ess to back their favorites it is a certainty
that considerable coin will change hand",
ii matter what the result of the ^anie
m y be.
Manager Curtis, of the City Hnll, re
cHved his new Power's No. ti Moving
Picture Machine, aud a decided improvement in the pictures is to be nr.ti d as a
result. The new machine i» the finest,
and the only one of tb kind in the province, being fitted with a lately patented
device which entirely eliminates the
"flicker" thnt has hitherto beeu noticeable in all moving picture machines,
Mr. Curtis hus takeu for his motto,
"Nothing is too good for my patrons/'
■ind he iB living up to it, too.
No matches in the local tennis tntirnay
were played off- on Tuesday afternoon,
owing to ayei erous invitation received by
rhe club to visit the court of Mm. Willimar, at CnutteiiHv, nn invitation that na*
taken advantage (if by every member ol
the Tennis Club that could possibly do
so The outing was a thoroughly en
joy able one, which will be long remembered. Some exciting matches, in which
Cumberland opposed the pick of the
Courtenay players, were played off, aud
resulted in some very fast play, the Cum-
landers, however, winning by a small
At a special meeting held in the Fire
Hall last Friday evening, the members
of the Volunteer Fire Department, decided to expend the 850 won attheFiremens
Race on July 12th, along with an additional amount out of the department
treasure in a banquet to be held in the
Waverley Hotel,ou Monday evening next,
Auguat 8th. A very limited number of
invitations have beeu isaned by the committee, and it ia expected that about 40
people, including the Firemen themselves,
will ga'her about the banquet board. The
committee in charge of the affair consists
• f Chief Bruce, Capt. Paruham, and Fhe
men Uarnes, Uennessy and Pickard.
No work was done in the mines on
Monday afternoon or Tuesday, aud for
a while it was feared that a strike wns
brewing. Several meetings i f the miners
were held, but both the company and
the men showed a disposition to view
the situation from tho other fell wh viewpoint as well aa th. ir own. The drivers
demand for the same scale as was paid
the men in a similar line of wi-rk in
Ladysmith, was granted, and work wax
resumed on Wednesday morning, It is
also probable that a satisfactory arrange
uiHiit will be reached regarding the pi ice
of powder, concerning which the men are
asking for aome concessions.
Corner Store
Svery week we are having NEW GOODS arriving, t|ais
week we are showing especially
I  m.iteriiU\ 25c  yard ; from $1 75 pair
KITCHLN CLOTHS, . for $1.20.   HtAVIiiR KIND, 3 for 75c
nnd Dresses, In White and j Blnck Sateen wiih Handsome
Colored Designs j Frill, *l each, and up
just like silk, from M e:ich SKIRTS, S5.50 and *7
LADIES' SUNSHADES S CANVAS SHOES wo arc selling leas I.i   Discount, as we
do not want to curry these for unotlicr reason
Then come inside.   We will gladly show you our Goods.
AiWurti.i'lm'litntitiilerUiN lu'iiil 1 cent, I noul,
l Untie; strictly in ailvaiive.
Furnished Km.ins to Let, opposite the
Wanted—Three Young Pigs ; send price
and particulars. T. A. L. Smith,
Il"inliy Island. .'■)
Two Light Draft Teams, weight about
14001hs. Apply Shuplaud Bros.,
Sandwick. jll
Fur Sale—0 Milk Cows and II Heifers.
Apply H. S. Purteus, Haukshaw,
Courtenay. jl8
8 Rimmed Houso and Double Lot foi
Sale, cheap; or will rent furnished.
Mrs. Hue.
For S»le.— A Bargain, a Wi 11 Matched
Team of Horses, weight IKOO lbs.
Strong and very true. Both iu exoah
lent condition. Price only 8180 Apply.
The Editor,
Grocers & Bakers
Dealers in all kinds of Good
Wet Goods
Bent Bread and Beer in Town
Agents for Pilsener Beer
Stoves and Ranges,
Builders Hardware, Cutlery,
Paint, Varnishes, Arms and Ammunition, Sporting Goods,
The   McClary   ManufaCtuing  Co.
Sherwin-Williams Paints
P «I
■   1
■   1
Dressers .and Stands ranging from S65 to $15.
Sideboards " "    S50toSfi0.
A Large Assortment of Chairs and  Rockers
New Styles
Extension Tables from S10 up
We carry a Choice  Selection of Wall Papers
and Linoleums
The Furniture Store"
A.   MpKINNON       Cumberland, B.O
McPhee Block
Pilsener Beer
The product of Pure Malt and
Bohemian Hops
Absolutely no chemicals used
in its manufacture
==Best on the Coast s==
Pilsener Brewing Co.,    Cumberland. B.C.
Beadnell & Biscoe
 Gomox, B.g.	
S*"a frontages an«1  farming- land for sale
Repairing, Cleaning and Pressing
Cumberland Tailor
S. ISAKA,  Proprietor
Dunsmuir Avenue, Cumberland, B.C.
Barrister,   Solicitor   nnd
!        Notary Public, 2
'Hie finest hotel in the city, THE ISLANDER.. CUMBERLAND, B.C.
That Reminds Ne
\k'- -
Mn. M. Bimtt,
601 Morctn St.
Montre.l, sayi:
11A horrid
rash came out all over my biby's lace and
tpread until it had totally covered his scalp.
It waa irritating and painful, and caused
tht little one hours of suffering. We tried
soapa and powders and salves, but he got
no better. He refused his food, got quite
thin and worn, and was reduced to a very
serious condition. I wu advised to try
Zam-Buk, and did aa It was wonderful
how it seemed to coot and ease the child's
burning, painful skin. Zam-Buk from the
very commencement seemed to go right to
the spot, and the pimples and sores and the
Irritation grew less and less. Within a
few weeks my baby's akin wu healed
completely, tie hu now sot a trace of
rash, or eruption, or ectasia, or burning
ton. Not only as, bat cured of the tormenting skin trouble, he hu Improved Is
general health."
Zan-Bak U aold al all itent and amlMn vn-
San, foe. a ts—, ar SM tm ham Zam-Buk Co.
Torauo,r<*prlc«,<1»iaaferS>.ja. Accrtainran
far all Skin ilieaws, mm, barns, ate., and for pitas
CAI.I-KK—"ls     Mrs.     Hrown     nl
Aitloss    Parlor-Maid    (smiling
j confidentially)—"No, ma'am—She real-
lv is olll tliis afternoon."
MKS. SUBBUBS  (who lias hired n
man to plant shade trees)—"Digging out tin* boles, I see, Mr. I.nn-
Lanulgan—"Xo, mum. Oi'111 <liggin'
out the dirt an' lavin' the holes."
HAVI', you completed your grndua-
tlon essay.'"
"No."   replied   Mildred.   "1
read  it  ovev to father nnd he understood every  sentence.  I've got to rewrite it."
ODD-"Mourn I'm mo, old mnn; 1
urrieil a woman with absolutely
no sense of humor."
Todd—'' That's not hing to my cross.''
(.odd—"What's thntf"
Todd—"My wife has one."
Cares .Sprung Tendon*
Collar and Saddle GaUs
334 Muftobft AM., Winn Ikc
Octobrrlltb. 1901
"I ta»t UMtl yonr SpftTin Curt mi » SjiruDf
Tendon with i,"*""1 remlla tnd I cu rerun imeuil it
hrOoliftruid Siddi* (utii."        J. it. Hwlitt
Spavin Cure
li t bltuliig to fa fine. § x_A itockmn. In tbt put
10 vf»n. Kcmliilln h)*viu Cut* bu literally wed
milUoni of dollui for bone owntra.
It Is ili' one r-iiidly that mn »tway» t« ileprnded
tipoii to »_>«■>] ntHy curt Spavin, Klnjboiit, Curb,
fjpllnt, Bwelllnci und lameness.
Vent blistcn, lean or tuntt tbi balr wbit».
Aa cowl for mun u fur bea*t,
*.*•{• Kendall's Always handy. II. a bottle—
Q for »5. When ymi buy at jnnr AittHrfn. _tl copy
nf nur book "A TreatlM Uu Iti* Horn"—It'l free
—or wnu n« :,.
DB.B. J. KENDALL (.*., Ennbirg Falls, Vt.
Veteran Scrip
Farm Loans
Wn will accept a flrst mortgage on
improved farm land and sell you
Veteran Scrip in this way at regular cash price. Write today for
loan application.
Tbi flnt romMr to
euro Lump Jaw waa
Fleming's Lump Jaw <
m euro mnl guaranteed t* I
rar*.   Umi't eirarlment with miiultutM I
or Imitiitiiiim.   U»o It, uo mm.or bow old or |
bad tliu t-ata nr wlmt fU> jou  may Mv*
may lmc;k if Firming'* Lm
trlerf-ynnr inmmy I tut; It If i l.-mlnf'a Lih
J»w«'urK'vt-rfni!a.    Our fair l>Inn <if toll* I
Inn. totfethwr with mIk.ih'Mvb Information I
ob Lump Jaw ana UKtrou.iiiunt.toflwuiiia I
Flcmlnf'a Vert-Pocket       «
Veterinary Advlwr *
Most eomploWrsterltmri i><»ik evei printM I
to I,., riv.'ii nw»r.    Inmilily l.imint. ludftwl |
Mduiuhtriiu'-i. WrUeuaioramwa«t|.r>
rLKHlMQ IlllOH* Ckcntata,
WJ Church Atreet,    Tnronto,
A HAW  trisbman Bhlppocl iih onn of
tho crow on ii revenuo cruiser,
His   turn   ut   tlic   wheel   camo
around, nnd nfter n souicwbat eccentric
session in the pIloMiouao he found him-
self the butt of no littl*- humor bolow.
"Bogorrnh," he growled at hist,
"and yo needn't talk. I bot 1 done
moro stearin' in tin tnluutoa 'n ya done
in ycr howl watch."
Wins Out in Australia
Montreal,—On May 22nd the S.S.
"Eakal" sailed from this port for
Auckland, New Zealand, this being tho
first, sailing of the recently subsidized
O.P.H, line from Montreal to Australia
und   Now  Zealand.
Part of the "Kakai's" cargo consist-
od of two carloads of "2 in 1" Shoe
Polish, made in Hamilton by P. P, Dal-
ley Co, This is the third shipment, of
"2 in 1" sent tn Australia by tho Dal*
ley people within the last year. The
first, sent JtMO Hth last, consisted of
1,000 gross, the second, sent. Nov. '-"nd,
contained 1,600 grOBS, while the shipment just sent amounted to 1,640 gross,
or 221,700 boxes. This brings the total
of "2 in 1" sent to Australia within
tho vear up to (181,7(10 boxes.
It would bo hard to find a stronger
recommendation for "2 In I" Shoo
Polish than that it should thim force
its way to tho ends of the earth, past
almost' prohibitive tariffs, against tho
strongest kind of competition from
Itritish  and  other firms,
SANDY McPHERSON, in a moment
of abstraction, put half a crown
in  the  collection  plate last Suu-
day in mistake for a penny, nnd has
since expended ft deal of thought as to
tbo best way of making up for it,
"Noo, I might stay awa' fnie the
kirk till the sum wns made up; but on
the other ban' I wad be payin' pew
rent a' the time an' getting nae guid
o' it. Loshl but I'm thinkin' this is
what  the   meenister  ca's a  'religious
deeficulty!' "
• •   •
K1HKK LA SHELLE met an actor
and noticed that ho was wearing
n mourning band on his arm.
"It's for my father," the actor ex
plained. "I've just come from his fun
La Shelle expressed bis sympathy.
The actor's grief was obviously very
real and great. "I attended to all the
funeral arrangements," he said. "We
bad everything just, as father would
havo liked it."
"Were there manv tbere?" asked
Ln Shelle.
"Manv there!" cried the actor with
pride.    '"'Why, my boy, we turned  'em
• •    •
TELEPHONE girls sometimes glory
in their mistakes if there is a joke
in consequence. T^m story is told
by a telephone operator in one of the
Boston exchanges about a man who asked hcr for the number of n local theatre.
He got the wrong number, aud without asking to whom he was talking, be
.nnl: "Can T get a box for two tonight?"
A startled voice answered him at the
other end of the lino: "We don't have
boxes for two."
"Isn't this the Theatre?" he
called, crossly.
"Why no," was the answer; "this
is an undertaking shop."
Ho cancelled  his order for ft "box
for two."
• •    «
A TRAVELER stopped at a country
hotel in Arkansas. There was no
water in his room wheu be arose
in the morning and went downstairs and
asked for some.
"Wbat for?" the landlord asked.
"1 want to wash my face."
The landlord directed him to a creek
near by, aud he went there for his
ablutions, followed by several children,
who stared at bim in amazement.
The traveler washed bis face and
combed bis hair, as best he could, with
ii pocket comb.
Thc children circled about him with
wide-open eyes, Finally the largest boy
said: "Say," mister, do you all take all
that trouble with yourself every day?"
• * w
riIHE reputed affinity between the
J_ Southern negro aud unguarded
poultry is the subject of a story
told by Senator Bacon, of Georgia. An
old colored man, notorious for bis evil
ways, after attending a revival mooting, desired to lead a better life. At a
later meeting he was called up to be
"Well, Kast us," said the revivalist,
11 hope you are now trying to live a
Christian life in accordance with the
rules of the church. Have you been
stealing anv chickens lntely?"
'No, sab. I ain't stole no chickens
ob late."
"Any turkeys or pige?"
Rnstus, grieved, replied, "No, sab."
"I am very glad to bear that you
have been doing hotter lately," replied
the evangelist. "Continue to lead a
holy and Christian life, Rnstus."
After the meeting was over Hastus
drew a long breath or relief and, turning to bis wife exclaimed:—
"Mandy, if he'd said ducks I'd been
a lost nigger, sunk!"
•     a     »
I publisher and writer, praised in ft
recent address iu Now York the
country mind.
"Even in wrong ami ignoble things,"
said Cidotiel Harvey smiling, "even in
driving hard bargains, tllfl country mind
excells that of the city. 1 recall a dialogue that 1 once heard iu the general
store of my native lVacham. What Wall
stroet sharp could have driven such a
bargain as the old Vermont ruralist
achieved in tbis dialogue!"
And Colonel Harvey, with really excellent mimicry, repeated:
" 'Ye say ye want ft dollar fur the
boots.   Take 70 cents?'
'' ' Yes.'
"'Ye mout throw in one o' them
woolen throat warmers, too, hey?'
" 'All right.'
" 'Hold on, thar. The boots ain't
got no strings.'
" 'I'll give ye a pair of strings.'
" 'Better make ft two pair. One
won't last no time.'
" 'Very woll; two pair it is.'
" 'Can't ye chuck in one o' them
paper collars for good measure?'
"'Oh, I guess so rather than miss
n trade'
" 'Look a-here, when a feller buys a
bill o* goods ofT'ii ve, don't ve set 'em
" 'Yes.    What '11 you take?
" 'Gimme two plugs o' ohowin' to-
backer an' a pound o' scrapple.' "
WHY do you always curry your umbrella ?''   remarked   the   worst
bore in town.
"Because," moaned the victim, "fny
umbrella cannot walk."
And   purple    silence   enveloped the
landscape for a short space.'
'IMI V. sluggish motions of common land
J tortoises, or "turtles," lead many
persons to under-rute their intelligence. The "ridiculous slowness" of
the tortoise, howover, arises from the
animal's peculiar constructure and is no
proof of duluess.
Thc legs of a turtle look more like
crutches than legs; and though tho feet
form a strong grappling apparatus for
pulling along a heavy weight, who eould
expect swiftness from such toes? Some
largo tortoises, nevertheless, make long
journeys with more rapidity than might
seem possible.
In the Oalapngos Islands turtles were
found by Darwin which were able to
travel four miles a duy—a rate of progress not despicable iu creatures provided with such logs; creatures, too, so
heavy that six mou were often required
to lift one of them.
Though the tortoise is slow of foot, it
is quick to make the best of all its
available modes of defence. The box
tortoise possesses a singular defensive
apparatus. The plastron, or shell covering the under part of the body, is so
formed .that its front segment can be
drawn upward to protect the animal's
head, the head meanwhile being drawn
back under the carapace, or shell on the
back. The upper and under shells then
meet in front, forming a. kind of box
in which the creature is unassailable.
When tiie danger is passed the reptile
relaxes a muscle and tho raised part of
the plastron falls, allowing tho head and
fore feet to come forth. This movable
plate is fastened to the plastron by a
strong hinge of elastic ligament.
Few animals seem more impassive
than thc tortoise, but those who have
ever watched its movements know that
the creature is really very sensitive. A
few drops of rnin will send it homo with
all speed.
The bright light of the suu seems especially pleasing to tortoises; they rarely stir' out at night, and the approach
of winter drives them into their retreats. Tbis physical sensitiveness
shows their temperament to be less sluggish than is commonly supposed. The
animal also learns to recognize persons
and remember those who feed it.
Tortoises in tropical islands require
much fresh water for drinking and have
often discovered springs of which the
human inhabitants were ignorant.
Wueii such a fountain is found the
wbole surrounding district is soon covered by "tortoise roads" made by these
large creatines iu their journeys to and
from tho water.
With the Horses
The racing career of (.ioldsmith Maid
was a very remarkable oue and is absolutely without parallel iu the number of
notable victories nnd iu the length uf
ber trotting career. Goldsmith Maid
was foaled in IS67 and was bv Abdalluh
15, dam Old Ab., by Abdullah 1. Sin-
was therefore intensely inbred, being by
a BOU of ilainbietoniuii 10, while her
dam was by the sire of llambletouian.
Her flrsi winning race was when she
was eight years old. She was starred
September's, 1805, at Goshen, N.V., un-
ler tb/ name of the Goldsmith mare, being owned by the well known breeder
Alden (Ioldsmith. The purse was for
ll«. small sum of $100 and she beat
C.icie Sam and Mountain Boy in 2:110
and 2:.'t7. In 1866 she won :n Middle-
town and Pougbkoepsie, best time 2:^0.
In 1807 she appeared undo:' the liitiue
of Goldsmith Maid, which will have an
endorsing name in the annals of equine
fame. In 1S07 she bad a comparatively
brief season, her principal race being
at Providence, 3.T., Octoln r 2I( for Al
000, when she. .leii ated .May Queen, Confidence, Col. Mavwood and Crazy lane
in 2:.*UVi, 8a"9% and 2:31. In 1868 she
won eight races, meeting and defeating
somo of the most celebrated horses on
the turf at thnt time At W.iverley,
X.J.. sho met Oeneral Butler and defeated bim in straight hints. July 30
at Buffalo, for a purse of $3,500, she had
u buttle royal with Rhode Island, who
won lhe third aud fourth boats, Silas
Kteh, American Girl, Clarn and Pnnlfl,
hor time being 2:24Mii -*-l!V| end
2:£0J/j. At Seneca Falls and at Pitts-
field," .Mass., si e defeated Mountain
Maid, Clara and Rhode Island and did
uot lave to go fftntor than ..'SP'/i, At
Philadelphia, September '. for $2,000,
she  defeated   those   two   famous  cam
paigners, George Wilkes and American
Girl", in S:30Hi 2:241/. and 2:26%. October 2 at Albany, for the same amount,
she won from George Wilkes and George
Palmer in slower time. Five days later
at Mystic Park, Boston, also for a purse
of $2,000, Iu that race she defeated
George Wilkes, George Palmer and Draco Prince iu 2:23, 2:24Li, and 2:2T. Her
Inst victory that year was at Point
Breeze Park, Philadelphia, October ,10,
when iu a match of $1,000 she defeated
George Wilkes,
Her opening victory iu 180ft was at
Boston, July 8, when she met that great
mare, Lucy, winning in 2;20'<., 2:21%
and 2:22%, Six days later she was
at Patfhlon Courso, L.I., wheu she again
met. and defeated her old competitor,
George Palmer. Five days after she
was at Philadelphia and for $2,000 defeated American Girl, At Buffalo, August P:, she won a $10,000 purse from
American Girl ami .Oeorge Palmer in
the then exceptionally fast time of
8:1994, 2:li)i/o and 2:19%. Lancaster,
Pa., must have been decidedly on thc
trotting map at that time, for on September I she trotted a race with American Girl and won out again. September
1 at. Binghamton, N.Y., there was a
swell rnce for $4,000 between her nnd
Amorlcan Girl, witb the same result.
She closed the season at Baltimore, November HI, iu a race for $2,000, which she
won from George Wilkes and Hotspur.
The season of 1S70 was marked with
big purses and the Maid was strongly
iu evidence at. Prospect. Park, IiX, June
2, 1870, wheu for a purse of $5,000, she
defeated George Wilkes and American
Girl. June 15 sho was at Boston, and
captured a $6,000 purse from George
Palmer and American Girl. Juno 20 she
defeated the same pair. June 24 at
Providence, R.I., another $5,000 purse
was captured and July 11 at Fleetwood
Park, New York, tbe victorious mare
won again from the same pair in 2:23,
2:21 and 2:22Vi- A richer prize await
ed her av Buffalo in the shape of a $7,
000 purse, in which she had ouly to beat
George Palmer, which she did in 2:23M*»
2:21 and 2:20. August? 31 found the
wonderful mare at. Loug Branch, N.J.,
and for a purse of $5,000 she defeated
George Wilkes and Lucy iu 2:23%, 2:24
and 2:2.">. September 9 at Philadelphia
she was again in the game for a purse
of $4,HO0 and again showed her heels to
Lucy, George Wilkes and American Girl.
September ,23 at Boston she won a $3,-
000 purse from Mountain Boy and American Girl aud in October 10 a $4,000
purse from Lucy, Mountain Boy, George
Palmer and American Girl in 2:22,
2:23% and 2:21, Her last appearance
as a winner in 1S70 was at Prospect
Park to wagon, when Bhe again defeated that famous stallion, George Wilkes.
fn 1871 she scored fifteen victories
and tbe majority of the purses were in
the $5,000 class". In 1872 ber tour extended across the continent. Her first
big engagement was at Mvstic Park,
Boston, June 10, wheu for $3,500, she
defeated Lucy in 2:21, 2:lli:h and
2:l!):,1i. At Prospect Park. L.I., June 27
she defeated Lucy and Henry iu 2:17!/i,
2:10 and 2:17%. That year at Cleveland,
July 1ft, the purse was $0,000. and she
won from Lucy and American Girl in
2:10, 2:18 and' 2:10. A week later at
Cincinnati she wnn a $3,000 purse from
Lucy, bor best time being 2:17'-j. Tho
horsemen of the Paci&fl slope were anxious tu soo the two great mares and on
September 20 at Sacramento they trotted for $10,000 and again the Maid won
in 2:20, 2:17'/, and 2:23',^. October 5
the two mares wore at San Krancisco
and trotted for a purse of $7,500, the
Maid winning again. At Sacramento,
Ootobar 10 she defeated Occident, who
for a short time had boon the trotting
champion. This purse was also for
$7,HOO. This was her last victory in
California for that year.
She scored ten victories in 1873. August 0 for a purse of $7,500 she defeated American Girl and .Mm Irving. Her
next date was at I'tien, August 18,
when she won a purse of $3,500 from
American Girl. At Springfield, August
25 the purse was $li,000 and she defeated Judge Fullertnn, American Girl
and Lula. September 11 found her at
Philadelphia, where for a purse of fl,-
00O she defeated Gloster, Sensation and
Camors in straight heats. September 25
at the same city, i'or $5,000, she defeat
ed Judge Fullorton in straight heats.
Hcr next engagement was at Chicago,
October 0, whero she took Gloster and
Bashaw, Jr., in camp, u dose which she
repeated ou October 16 for the same
amount, and with the same horses. Ten
days later at Chicago for $5,000 she went
against time to bent 2:18 and won in
2:17Vii. October 30 wa? her last victory
of the season when she won a $3,000
purse from Gloster in slow time.
Thc season of 1874 was a very busy
one and between May 30 aud November
(i she scored twenty-one victories. At
Point, Breeze Park, Philadelphia, May
30 she defeated tbe pucer Copperbottom
for a purse of $2,500 and did not have
to go faster tnan 2:il-l%, June 8 found
hor at Prospect Park, L.I., where she
defeated Judgo Fullorton for $2,500.
June S she was nt Suffolk Park, Philadelphia and for $5,000 defeated the well
known mare Nettie. June 23 at Fleetwood Park, N.Y., she showed her heels
to Judge Fullorton for ii purse of $3,-
500. A jump was then made to tho
wost aud at Evansville, Ind., July 2, for
a purse of $5,000 she defeated Ked
Cloud and Judge Fullorton in straight
heats. Six days after she repeated this
victory at Indianapolis for tho same
size of a purse. July Ui at Saginaw she
repeated again and then went on and
won at Cleveland, Buffalo, Hochester,
Springfield and Hartford. September
2 she went for tho trotting record at
Mystic Park, Boston, nnd won the championship in 2:14 and $2,000. September
5 for $3,500 sho defeated Judge Fuller-
ton aud American Girl, also at Mystic
Park. Five dayB later at Beacon Park,
Boston, she defeated the same amount,
and at Dayton, O., September 30, the
purse being $4,500, Against time at the
same place for $4,000 sho won in 2:18.
At Chicago sho won agninst time in 2:17
and she won again at. Trenton and Point
Breeze, Philadelphia.
Thc season of 1875 was short and she
only won six races, but they went from
$2,000 to $5,000 each nnd her opponents
woro American Girl, Huntress and Lula.
ln 1870 she was back in San Francisco
and went a aovel race against Golden
Gate to run a mile and three sixteenths
against thfl Maid's mile. Golden Gate
won. June 2 she was back from the
Pacific slope, und at Belmont Park,
Philadelphia, trotted to beat her record
and lost. She made three other efforts
in that month at Philadelphia and lost
them all ami thon went to tho big Buffalo meeting on August :», where, for a
$1,000 purse she won from such a greal
four as Judgo Fullorton, Hodino, Lucille
Golddust and tho stallion champion
Smuggler in 2:18"/., 2:1S% and 2:18%,
At Utica, Pougbkoepsie, Hartford and
Springfield sho defeated practically tho
same field, and in eaidi cast! tho purse
was $4,000. The season of 1877 closed
her wonderful career and again she began it on the i acifio coast. Goldsmith
Maid and Rants wore the two stars of
tho trotting track and they made the
grand tour cd' the Pacific coast. March
31. 1877, at San Jose, Cal., she defeated
Paras in 2:22%, 2:10:1, ami 2:18%.
April 28 at Los Angeles sho won again,
as she also did at Sau Jose again on
May 12 and at Chico on May lit. lu
tbat race sho trotted her second heat
in 2:14%. Goldsmith Maid was nineteen yonrs old when she was retired from the turf. She is and always
will be the most remarkable example
of high class endurance and speed that
the trotting turf has ever seen. It was
a most remarkable proof of tho vitality
of Goldsmith Maid that she should have
produced anything of value, yet to a
sire like General Washington she produced Stranger, who, all things ennsid-
■offend Tortures Until "Fruit-•.•tivei"
Took   Away   Tbe
"Frutt-a-tlvei," the famous fruit
medicine, ls the greatest and most
•clentlfle remedy ever discovered for
"Fruit-a-tives," by its marvellous
action on the bowels, kidneys and
■kin, prevents the accumulation of
Urlo Acid, which causes Rheumatism
and thereby keeps the blood pure and
Mrs. Walter Hooper, of Hlllvlew,
Ont, says: "I suffered from severe
Rheumatism, lost the use of my right
arm and could not do my work. Nothing helped me until I took "Frult-a-
tives" and thle medicine cured me."
If you are subject to Rheumatism,
don't wait until a severe attack comes
on before trying "Frult-a-tlves."
Take these fruit tablets now and thut
prevent the attacks.
"Fruit-a-tives" ls sold by all dealer*
at (Oc a box, « for 12.50, or trial boi.
25c, or may be obtained from Fruit-a-
tives, Limited, Ottawa,
erod, was u success. Had Goldsmith
Maid been muted to a genuine high
class sire, her name would probably
be as great as a brood maro, as it always has as the greatest of all trotting
campaigners, /l'liere is a lesson ia the
history of this mare for every trainer.
Torpid Uver, Sour
Stomach, Indigestion ,Sick Headache
— all cured by a
regular morning
glass of
a^ Salt
25cand6oc. At dealers.
CANADA    CYCLE    &    MOTOR    CO.
144 Princess St., Winnipeg
Thi one remedy thit positively cures
and other dlmiei affecting the velm.
..jcton told J. V.. Oakes. of 8S IV.irl St., siirinitlli'lil.
Ma**., that Iim limit have an operation. Ho lm'tcrml
ui>inu AllSOKHINK. mIR.m and loon was completely .'iiri'rt-lias hail 110 return ol the trouble. Mild*
MMteptlC, external application: pOMtlYWJ liarmleM.
Itemovm Goitre, W«i», nitnotf, Varicocele, Hyilrocrle,
etc.knaplcawiTitnutniipr. Hook 4K amitertlinonlaJi*free.
J ISM oz., fr!.UMa oz. Iwttlo at rtraggliti or delivered.
f, F. YOUNG. P. D. F.,210 Temple St.Springfleld,Hat.
I.YMAKS, UA., ffoatrMl, faaMba Ami*.
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Probably there is no disc™ to which
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the terrible operations it necessitates
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got a box of Dodd's Kidnoy Pills, and
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Dodd's Kidney Pills nre the best Kidney medicine 1 ever heard of."
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Gravel, Dodd's Kidney Pills will curo
VOL. 1
NO. 35
The Biter Bit
"Please help a blind man," snid a fellow with green goggles, ns he held a tin cup toward
the line of people issuing from the Union Depot.
"1 always help the blind," said one of two young men who were passing, and ho stopped
and took out a five-dollar bill; "can you get a quarter out of thisf"
"I guess so," said the blind man, fishing out a handful of chnnge and counting out four
dollars and seventy-five cents.
"Well, John," said the beuovolont young man's companion, as tliey walkwcd on, "you're
a bigger fool than 1 took you to be."
"Am I?" snid John,
"Ves, von are; that fellow's no more blind than I am, How could he tell that was a five-
dollar bill?"'
"Blamed if 1 know," said John, innocently; "but he must bo mighty near-sighted not to
see that, it was u counterfeit,"
There are none so blind as those who will not see.
How frequently a man, wbo asks for a certain brand of cigar, will take just what is
handed hiin, without insisting on tbo smoke of his choice. And how frequently his easy-going
indifference results in his being handed a counterfeit—a cigar which bus no claim to quality of
any kind but cheapness of manufacture.
It's different with a BUCK-EYfe smoker.
He knows what he wants, and be sees tbat he gets it.
You ask why?
Try a BUCK-EYE and you'll know. ,
P.S.-Ask for the best Ten Cent Cigar in the case,
and get a BUCK-EYE.
42 />   Y
Women in Politics
A GENERAL election in Grent Britniu, the opening of a new Parliament, and a political crisis nlwnys
eerve to bring out a fact of suprpme interest to the dealer in Anglo-American
4' compnrisons' '—I meun the prominence of women, the altogether more active nnd influential pnrt thoy play in
thc public life of England as compared
with thut of America. In the recent
general election—to tnko that first-
women fairly abounded. Tho tremendous rally of *' property'' and '' society''
thut crushed Liberalism in the counties
owed u very large pnrt of its success to
the charms and energies of the women.
The parson's wife, the squire's wife,
thc landlord's wife, wero uot one bit
behind the parson, tlic squire, and thc
landlord in tlieir activo support of "the
euuse." They canvassed; they drove
trups and motors; they sported the
party colors as publicly as possible;
they visited, harangued, and distributed
pamphlets; they turned thoir houses into election committee-rooms; they smiled
beiiignantly from t|o platform at overy
mectingt-ihuy could not Imve done moro
for the candidates of tlveir choice if
they had beeu tho candidates themselves. A moro intensive form of electioneering was never cultivated. The
agricultural laborer enjoyed a bewildering mouth of absolute sovereignty. All
his social superiors, all the peoplo to
whom lie touched his cup eleven months
out of thc twelve, now clustered round
him in humble suppliauce for his favors.
To be a doubtful voter iu uny rural constituency was to bo in a state of siege.
To be a known Radical was to be snubbed and ostracized, to run the risk of
being turned out of one's cottage and
holding, to incur the certainty, if a
tradesman, of diminished orders, A
writer who knows the English countryside well described thc Liberal defeat
in the counties as having been due "to
organization complete and far-reaching
enough to take advantage of every
chink of the law t(trough which money
anil fear and solicitation, backed by
religion and recommended by liquor,
COUlu be brought to bear upon poor men
unable to escape and far too feeble to
oiTer effectual resistance."
One must, of course, in this connection rem em bor how very largely rural
existence iu England still revolves
round tho placid feudal centre, how instinctive is the attitude of subordination on tho part of the laborers and
small farmers Inward the gentry of the
neighborhood} how great is the power
of ejection aud dispossession which the
leasehold system places iu the hands of
the landlord, and how deeply woven iu
tho texture of rural life is thc notion
that the mistress of tho "big house"
should be the Lady Bountiful, if not the
Lady Despot, of her district. All this
at election-lime gives a woman of zeal
and intelligence a rare opportunity. She
knows nil within a radius of twenty
or thirty miles; Bhe has spent her life
among them, organizing charities, nursing associations, bazaars, flower shows,
and social entertain merits; sho hus
cared for the sick and destitute; she
is one of tho institutions of the neighborhood, und- nine times out of ten iu
addition a capable, delightful, warmhearted lady. When, therefore, sho
takes the Hold as a political canvasser,
it is with all the advantages that her
wealth and position, her social and philanthropic activities, and tho Inherent
unscrupulousness of women In 'matters
of politics can give her. "Here is an
example/' says the writer from whom
I have already quoted, "of the pressure
to which cottagers had to submit nt the
recent election. A laborer's wife wns
visited fifteen times by peoplo of importance wlio lived near her iu order tu
induce her to bring over her husband to
the Tory cause, Wealthy people can
be 'not at home'; a poor man's house
hns no such protection. • To refuse to
listen is to give deadly offence. Cnu-
vassing liki; this is not the mere suggestion uf arguments in favor of the cause
represented by the canvasser; it is not
even solicitation. It is 'elUagitation.'
The Liberal defeat at Swindon (North
Wiltshire) wus largely due to organized,
insistent, and protracted persecution of
this sort. It is impossile to put any
restraint upon tho tongues of wealthy
women engaged in the pursuit of votes.
Persuasion, promises, til rents, nnd calumny mo all nt tlieir irresponsible disposal. Successive waves of canvassing
'aldies' swept over the parts of tho
town occupied by the populutiou of mechanics employed iu Ihe railway works.
Shamelessaess in intrusion was'a merit.
It is axiomatic in war thut siege must
succeed, unless it is rinsed by external
attack upon the besieger. In Swindon
wealth and influence were all on one
'side. Over uinetv motors were at the
disposal of the Tory candidate. Mr.
Mu.isio, his opponent, hnd the use of
four. Tho buttle was of the. rich against
the poor, and every weapon of which
wealth could legall'v dispose was used
without scruple, f refrain from adducing what t have been told of definite
promises und definite threats used by
porsous representing themselves as the
mouthpieces of authority. Orders may
possibly' have been exceeded. The result of the Wiltshire elections shows
convincingly that money, position, uud
power can be used nnd huve been used
to. construct nn engine of compulsion
which is practically irresistible. Its me
chanistn will be perfected by the experience of tho ' recent election, uud
the next dissolution will find Tory organization so complote us absolutely to
defy opposition,"
All this Is very shocking, but unquestionably it adds to the eiilivenmont of
politics. Indeed, one of the things
that mnkfl a Presidential election in
America seem n comparatively tarno affair to an Englishman is that women
piny so little pnrt, in it. In the United
(States polilics nnd society, to the loss
of bothi are wholly divorced. There is
nothing In America thnt at all resembles
the Primrose League, that vnst body of
fashiniuibln women whoso electioneering
talents would stagger, I Imagine, the
deftest campaign manager that America
hns yet produced. Nor is there any-
thing that at all resembles'the social
earthquake that accompanies a go tin ral
election in Great Britain. A Presidential campaign leaves Fifth Avomie nnd
the normal routine of New Vork life
majestically unaffected. But a dissolution of the British Parliament mukes u
desert of the West End and completely
pulverizes the "season," If, for instance, ns many seem to expect, there is
another general election in June, it is
safe to say that London, socially speaking, will fall but cense to exist and that
most of the wealth and fashion of tho
metropolis will be fleeing tearfully to
the country to scramble for votes. No
exodus of the sort would take place
from New York or from any othor city
in America. The lines of politics and of
society in the United States cross at
times, but hardly ever merge. How
many members of the real world, I wonder, are there in America who have or
would care to have a relative in Congress f Even at the great mass-meetings
during a Presidential campaign it is
rare to see any considerable number of
women and rarer still to hear them
make a speech, while as for canvassing
and tho other parts of petticoat politics
they know scarcely the alphabet of the
pastime. Taken us u whole, women iu
America seem to regard politics as a
purely masculine pursuit in which they
hardly desire to take any part. I ant
not forgetting that ia three or four of
the Western States they have the right
[.to vote, or that thoy took an honorable
and effective part In the anti-slavery
agitation, or that oL late years thoy
have shown an increasing tendency to
intervene iii municipal elections in opposition to thc regular parties and on
behalf of the independent candidate.
But t still think it fairly accurate to
say that as a sex. and particularly when
the men in whose hands lie the destinies of tho British Empire; to be their
confidante, their udviser, und their eu-
courager; to "manage" them with the
kind of deftness that only feminine diplomacy can compass; to bring all her
mental and social resources to the tusk
of forwarding the political intorests of
husband, sou, or brother; to tako part
in great decisions aud the formulation
or guidance of momentous policies; to
help in disentangling the personal
clashes and antagonisms thut Ho at the
root of most political crises—all this
furnishes a clever Englishwoman with
un absorbing and many-sided avocation.
From anything of this kind American
women are excluded by the unhappy
separation of politics from society. A
Senator's wife may bo a considerable
personage ut Washington, but she is
so only on the condition that she does
not interfere iu politics. The bosses
and the machine have between them
killed the very possibility of a political
salon, American women, again, as a
sex are only drawn toward public affairs when some great moral or humanitarian issue is at stake. Vague battl-
ings with the railways and tho trusts
do not interest them, nnd the mercenary
atmosphere of most American politics
simply revolts them. So it is that, as
iu nil republics, women in America are
forced out of politics. Even in the ceremonial side, whether their English sisters cut a brilliant figure, their part is
distinctly subordinate. They are never
really initiated into the secrets of the
game, and they exert little influence
ovor those who piny it and none whatever over those for whose mystification
it is played. And both men and women
prefer to have it so. It is an understood thing that politics belong to the
masculine department—which is, perhaps, one of the reasons why American
politics is what it is. Tiie problem
which a few weeks ago was so deeply
will go on flourishing under the presidency of women who have learned the
inside of politics as part of their'spcial
education., Readers of Lady Rose's
Daughter will remember how naturally
Mrs. Humphry Ward made her heroine
move through the world of statesmen
and diplomats, and how cleverly she
gave the impression of a salon that was
"in the know" of all that was worth
knowing. Apart altogether from those
who take an active part in the actual
business of government or agitation,
school, health, workshop, and medical
inspectors, and so ou, who organized the
women of tho working-classes into
trade-unions, who sit, to the number of
some two or three thousands, ou boards
of guardians, district councils, and
county council education committees,
who nre appointed to sorve on royal
commissions, and who are militant suf
fragt'ttcs—apart from all these, tiie in
fluence of women on the public life of
England is n real and vital fact. That
this is in every respect, a wholesome
fact I would not assert. But it hns at
least contributed u picturesqueness and
mellowness to one of the dreariest and
most picturesque of human exercises,
and il has done much to make'English
politics the moderate, good natured
thing it is.
GOLD WIN SMITH wus born on
August 13, 1823, at Reading, in
Berkshire, England, where his
father. Richard Smith, wus a practicing
physician of high standing nnd of ample
fortune. As a child he was conspicuous
for the unusual precocity of his understanding and for the remarkable reten-
tivity of his memory. He received Ills
early education at Eton, from whence,
in his 19th year, he wus transferred to
Christ College. Oxford. Not loug nfter
his   matriculation    he    was   elected   a
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compared with women iu England, they
stand almost wholly aloof from participation in national politics. Their suf
t'rage movement, for instance, and their
sullrage societies are flabby tilings hy
the side of the militant organizations
that pervade Great. Britain, aud are
balanced aud very largely neutralized
by counter movements promoted und
maintained by women to save them
from being dragged info the political
arena. On the whole, there cnn lie
little doubt that, the American woman,
so easily dominant iu tho social life uf
her country and so very much to the
forefront of its moral nml philanthropic
endeavors, is in politics a negligible
Why is this? Partly, uo doubt, he
cause thore hus never been in the I'uil-
ed States, or ul all events nut since
the Revolution, auythlng iu the nature
of it governing class or an oligarchy of
rulers and leaders, lu England, on'the
Other hand, there has rarely been any
thing else, And the presence of a governing clnss, of ii set of men traditionally associated with the business of national administration, though it hus
certain drawbacks, has at least this redeeming virtue—it gives women tlieir
elm nee. However high tliolr position
in English society, it is not nnd never
can be so high us to remove them above
the sphere of politics. Their sons, brothers, husbands, or fathers aro sure to be
players in the gume, aud they themselves are sure to bo something more
than spectators. Most Englishmen of
title are born into politics, hoar politics
discussed at the dinner-tables continual
ly, find their drawing rooms turned into
political salons, and meet duy by dny
men to whom politics is life, A great
position in England inevitably curries
with It high political interests uud res
pousibilities. I do not say that they
exceed the social and benevolent res
pousibilities, but they ut least equal
thom. The tradition of playing a part
in the government of their country runs
through all that is best in English so
eiety, and u woman who is bom into
it and has tin' Intelligence to realize its
possibilities soon finds herself in pus-
session of n hobby infinitely more engrossing than any ordinary social diversion. 'I'm follow with comprehension the
ins and outs of the great game; to
mingle freely und on equal terms with
agitating Engl ish women—the problem
of selecting the most vote-fetching costume to enhance their election smile aud
their election handshake—is one that
never troubles the sex in America.
Moreover, Amoricnn politics is u good
deal of a mystery even to American
men, very fow of whom, unless thoy
are in the business, kuow what is being
done behind the scones, while to women,
as to nearly all outsiders, it must, 1
should sny, bc uatly incomprehensible.
One eould us easily imagine a woman
to bc au authority ou luetics and strategy as on the operations which Am orb
cans exalt by the name of politics,
Those operations, too, are for the most
part carried on by men who are not conspicuous for their refinement uud who
do not hesitate lo resort to muuuouvrcs
that would'souiid queerly iu a drawing-
room. American women are too squeam
ish for the emergencies of American
I'id i lies, and too sensitive to endure
what is vulgar iu it.
One comes across, at any rule, few
women iu America of a type that is by
lln means rare In England—-women who
are not only keen, but Intelligent po-
liii<iut|s, wiio make and unmake far
more men thuil the outside world ever
realizes, who have mastered the whole
science of "jobbing," who pull strings
with a frankness nnd audacity that a
mere man cuu but marvel at from afar,
who read the political debutes, study
questions, attend meetings, and even
wude through the newspaper editorials,
and who, being iu const mil uud intimate touch with Ihe men who nre doing
things, nlwnys seem to know today
what tho papers will announce uext
WOok. Thero are hall' a dozen women,
for instance, at this moment who could
divulge more about the true iinvurdness
of the political crisis in Great Britain
than the ablest newspaper editor or the
most ulert M.P., or, indeed, thuu any
ono outside the Cabinet itself. These
nre the women who still maintain salons
us varied, as brilliant, and ns influential as were Holland House und Gore
House sixty or seventy years ugo. Tho
salon is not yet in London an extinct
power. It has found there, indeed, its
last, or nltnoil its last, home. In J'arjs
ii vanished with the Empire, iu (ler
many it never existed, but iu Loudon t
still-flourishes, and so long as politics
and  society continue to hang togothor
Demy of Magdalen College. As au undergraduate he took uo part iu the proceedings In the college debating societies, and seems tu have liad uo ambition to figure before the world as an
orator; but ho gained both the Ireland
and Hertford scholarships, and tho
Chancellor's prize for Latin verse, In
184S he took his bnccalaurcate degree
and was placed In the first class, Two
years ufterwanis he was elected to a
fellowship iu University College, aud
for some months he officiated us tutor
there, lu lS-17, at the ago of -I, he wus
call to the Bur uf Lincoln's inn, and
took up his aboiU. in London, He never,
however, engaged, or attempted to engage, in actual practice as a barrister;
but soon became known as a youth of
talent  and culture.
He espoused the Liberal side in politics, and begun to contribute to the
daily journals, us well as to quarterly
and other reviews. The most sanguine
anticipations, we are told, wore formed
with reference to his future political
career. Ile determined) however, to devote himself fo literature, and, after
spending a season iu town, he returned
to Oxford, where he was for some time
a diligent student. His studios were
specially directed to historicul research,
with a view to an important historical
work. Already ins scholarship began
to attract attention, and iu 185(1, when
I,ord John Ritssoll, yielding to the public pressure for university reform, appointed u Royal Commission to report
on certain abuses and disabilities at
Oxford, Mr, Smith consented to act as
assistant secretary. Later he acted us
secretary of the second commission on
the snme subject.
la November, 1635, The Saturday Re-J
view made its first iippeurunce, and for
lhe first year or two of its existence
Mr. Smith Was u regular contributor to
iis columns. He wrote also for the
Pailv News—generally under his own
signature—for The Times, and for several other journals both iii London and
In 1 lie provinces. Iu Istf fhe regius
nrofessorshln of modern history al, the
University lice.uae vuoailt through the
resignation of Professor Vanglmu. Tho
choice of a successor lay between Mr.
Smith and Mr, .("union Anthony Emmie,
a competition Milch thus early esfuh-
llsliod a reputation for the future his
torian who wns to spend a quiet life iu
Canada. Mr. Smith's qualifications for
the position were considered to bo on
tho whole superior to those of JJr.
Froude, and the chair was accordingly
offered to him iu the spring of ISoS.
He entered upon the task with avidity,
aud for about eight years performed thi;
duties of the position with credit to
himself and to the university.
Jn ISiil he published several of the
must remarkable of his professional addresses under the title "Lectures on
tbe Study of History." There were
differences of opinion us to the conditions reached, but nil agreed as to tho
author's sincerity, earnestness and mns-
tery of the English language. Tho
Westminster Review, in prefacing its
criticism, said: "Mr. Goldwin Smith is
clearly master of a power of expression
which has scarcely a rival among us.
His language has a native strength nnd
purity which rises not seldom into true
poetry. lie is, too, obviously possessed
by real convictions und a genuine on-
thusiasm for moral greatness. Theso
lectures have fine thoughts, stamped In
noble words." The publication of these
lectures roused a good deal of controversy. They attacked and ridiculed
thc theories of Mr. Buckle and the PobI-
tlvists with reference to the feasibility
of reducing history to u science. The
Positivists rose cn masse to repel Hie
attack, and for somo weeks the controversy was carried on with great energy
and determination.
Upon the breaking out of the American civil wnr, Goldwin Smith arrayed
hiiuself on the side of the Federal Government, This fact attracted considerable attention at the time, when public
opinion in England seemed overwhelmingly in favor of the south, und was an
early in Stance in his fate to be on the
side of the minority, lie wroto extensively on the subject in The Daily News
and elsewhere, and did much toward
enabling his countrymen tu form a correct judgment us to the real merits' of
the struggle. In tSOU he published a
puniphjet called "Does the Bible Sanction Slavery?" in which the negro question was vigorously discussed. Another
pamphlet which attracted considerable
notice was "On the Morality of the
Emancipation Proclamation,"
fn J8(i4 he, for the first time, crossed
Lho Atlantic nnd paid a visit to the
raited States. He was given an enthusiastic welcome by the Union Club,
Now York, and everywhere received
with favor and hospitality as he travelled through the northern States, studying the working nf a republic ia difficulties. During his visit, Brown University
of Providence, conferred on him the
honorary degree of LL.D. In iSti'2 lie
was honored with the degree of D.C.L.
from the University of Oxford, nnd
again in I89G liy LE.D. from Princeton.
In 1894 his Oxford friends in Toronto
commissioned Air. Wylie (trior to paint
a portrait of him, which was hung in
the Bodleian Library.
Shortly after his return to Englund
the Jamaica massacres occurred, ami
Mr. Smith took an activo pnrt iu the
subsequent agitation. He prepared n
series of lectures en Pvm, Cromwell and
Pitt—lectures replete' with tolling allusions to the Jamaica massacres and
tlieir defenders. These wore delivered
iu tho north of England, the proceeds
being devoted to a fund for the prose
cut hm of eX-Govornor Eyre. Subse
quently the lectures were published iu
ouo volume, "Three English Stntes-
inen," and have run through mnny editions in England aud America.
Iu 18.8(1, in consequence of severe injuries received iu n railway accident,
Mr. Smith's futher begau to suffer from
a loug and painful illness, which required the constant uud watchful attendance of his son. He resigned his Oxford
professorship, and during tho succeeding 18 months his attendance upon his
father wns unremitting. Upon the lnt-
tor's deuth iu 1808, Mr. Smith found
himself without occupation. The chair
of English and constitutional history in
tho new Cornell Univeristy at Ithaca,
N.V., was offered to him. and after somo
deliberation he accepted it. His English Liberal friends were loath to lose
him, and it is understood they offered
him the nomination of a safe constituency, but he refused fo stay. He
presented Cornell with his library and
entered upon his duties nt onoo. In
1871, having exchanged bis post, for
that of a non-resident professor, ho removed to Toronto, where he mnde his
home for the rest of his life.
Shortly nfter Itis settlement iu Toronto Mr, Smith was nppolntod n member
of the Sennfe id' Ihe University of Toronto, which position ho held until
1870, lie wns also in 1871 elected the
first President of the Council of Public
Instruct ion, and was for two years
President of the Provincial Teachers'
Association, These and other oflices
were tlu1 beginning of a long life of
acfivity in which he liberallv eontribut-
1 to the Ilternturo of history and contemporary discussion, to the social ami
intellectual lift' of his adopted city, and
to the charities of those so unfortunate
to need ussistnnce,
Tn 187"> he married llarrief, widow of
the late Mr, W. II. Boulton, of "The
flrauge," and mnde thnt splendid man-
on his hnme for the rest of his venrs
in Toronto, Mrs. Smith d!.! iu September of Inst year. In 1870 ho prnetleiilly
assumed fhe editorship of The Cnnu-
diau Monthly, contributing a column of
discussion on current events, ami retain
ing the position for two yenrs, when he
resigned. He wns also for some time,
ommeiicing in 1874, editor of The Nation, a weekly journal devoted to Mtera-
> nnd politics, which ceased to appear in September, 187(t, Tn i«n he
founded a periodical calUfrl The Bystander, in which he mane known ki«j
viows tn the public. In 1884 he found-
1 Tho Week, nnd contributed to Ms
interesting pages until 1.887.
Since 18(1(1 Mr. Smith found exprCs
sion for his views in The Weekly Sun,
n high-class journal devoted to tho interests of the farming community, for
whom he ever cherished a lVarm* cm-
ern. The pages of The Sun were
[Ought for the additional reason that
thev were free from parly nllilbitinn.
Because also, in part, of his interest iu
the dinners, Mr. Smith espoused coin
nercial union iu the eighties, beliovlng
t would be greatly to tlieir udvantuge.
In  1887 he was President of the Com
relnl Union Club in this citv. Mr. j
Smith was the flrsi Presldenl 'of the j
National Club, Toronto, lle also served
is Vice-President of lhe Cauadiau Land
Uuw A mend ment. Asosolatlou) Presi
lent of the Modern Language Association, Ohnlrnioii of ihe Uoyal and Patriotic Union formed in Canada against
Home Rule for Ireland, President of th.'
Liberal Tompornncc Union 0» oposltion
to the Scott act), and Chairman of the
Citizeus' Couiittee, Toronto, having for
its object municipal reform. He held
for sometime after its formation in 1882
a fellowship in tbe Royal Society of
Canada, lie also took a constant interest iu charitable wivk. contributing,
inJOOy, a home for the Nursing Missiou,
and gave largo sums for the Convocation Hall proposed for the University
of Toronto,
His life iu Toronto, iu brief, mingled
with literary labor of the highest class
continuous effort for the moral, social
nnd intellectual advancement of tho
community. He unselfishly lout his
great abilities to the promotion of many
movements having for their object the
uplifting and broadening of Canadian
life. Ho seldom spoke iu public, but
when persuaded to do so ht. invariably
harmed his audiences by his rnpid How
of the finest English, unbroken by references to noles. and filled witli a
wealth of literary and historical allusions and anecdote drawn from the incomparable stores of the memory of^ft
busy life.
The old-fashioned courtesy which Mr.
Smith always extended to acquaintances was seen at its best in his gracious hospitality to callers at The
Grange, 'Conscious ihnt his viows wore
frequently adverse to those of the ruling majority, he mel requests for opinions on contemporary questions with
modesty ami good nature. "I don't
know that my view counts for much,"
he laughingly replied to a reporter's
query a short time ago, but with an honesty and courage possessed by fow Canadians, he was ever ready to speak his
mind, no mutter whose euuse was criticized.
Brilliant as Goldwin Smith's attainments were admitted to be, he never
xerciscd the Influence or communded
tho general attention iu literature, politics, and religion which his power warranted. Besides generally having the
doubt lul fortune uf being ou tho side
of the minority, he wns a pessimist.
"The hopefulness uf Tennyson," as a
writer said iu I8f>4, "the brightness of
Lowell, the patriotism of Froude. the
kindliness of Holmes, have had greater
influence iu tlieir respective countries
than the brilliant bitterness and pro- .
found pessimism of Mv. Goldwin Smith,
could have were his pen wielded for a'
hundred years to come."
Shortly after eominp to Toronto ho
was seized with a great admiration for
Sir John Macdonald, and in 1878 he
lent the power of his voice und pen in
support of the advocate of the National
Policy. Tu H.S.1 he wrote in The Contemporary Reyiew that the policy of
protection was absolutely necessary in
the interests of Canada. Still, ten years
Inter, he severely denounced Sir John
Macdonald, and insisted that the protective tariff in Canada was disloyal
and hostile to England. This change of
front wus never explained, but it was
reported in some qunrters to have been
due to Sir John's refusal to give him
a Conservative nomination. About this
time, when the outlook in Canada was
nt its gloomiest, Goldwin Smith openly
advocated annexation of this country
to the United States, ami was tho Presl
dent of the Continental Union Club,
6rgnnized to conduct that propaganda.
The long, disjointed settlements of
Canada, unconnected by social or busfl
uess ties, he contended, made unity in
this country impossible, nnd the natural
fesult would be union with the Stales
to tho south.
Brighter days for Canada, the hostile
tariffs of the* United Stntes, and Eng
laud have driven the "destiny" of an
ii'exnfion farther away thuu ever, and
iu hib later years Mr, Smith rather contended himself with criticizing domestic
Ho was a persistent opponent of the
policy of Home Hule for Irolund, denying both the capacity of Irishmen for
self-government aud the possibility of
obtaining their desires. To his latest
days he regarded the disproportionate
influence of tho Irish party in the British House, swinging first to one side,
then to the other, as one of tho^strong
est evidences of the weakness of the
party system, Ho frequently attacked
the morals and 'cliques of aristocratic
politicians iu England, but ut the jmuie
time was a lover of good society and
went to Washington to gratify his taste.
In early years ho signed John Sfuar't
Mill's first petition ia favor of tho suffrage for unmarried women, lint vears
afterwards, in an essay, marshullod all
the known arguments against womnu
suffrage in the keenest and most incisive form.
THERE ure people in every largo city
who make a business of buying up
old used photographic platos,
cleaning and reselling them. They get
their supply mostly from tho photographers who make a specialty of com-
merclnl in- newspaper illustration. No
one knows how many thousands of these
squares of glass are sold every weeit,
but Hie number must be enormous in the
While it i- thi- custom for photographers to preserve ch re fully all plates
that they think may be of future value,
lliey discard a great many more than
they keep. A firm of newspaper photographers, for iuslnnee, will send out
several men to get pictures of snow
scenes or of spring in the suburbs or of
summer at the seaside. Each will bring
buck half a dozen views. Only three
or four will be selected as being worth
• reserving. The other twenty or thirty
dates will be dumped into'a'big box
with the other discards to await tho
outing of the glassmnn.
The average selling price for the
plate of ordinary size is three dollars a
thousand. These plates cost Ihe photographer originally about eighty cents a
lozou. By means of an acid bath tho
lark covering is quickly removed, and
the glass 1 nines ns'clear as though it
had never been used. Some of thesa
plates are sold to mqaufneturors to be
recoated with the sensitive film and to
be used once more in photography. A
far greater number, however, aro disposed of to dealers who sell Ihem to
pOOplo who are fond of making passepartout pictures, Still more (hid their
way to greenhouse men and those gardeners who have acres of "cold
frames," where vogclnhlos are propagated under glass. A few nre used as
decorative or protective features around
llower beds in suburban estntos.
Nearly six hundred thousand cycles
aru mutt).factured iu the United Kingdom iu the course of a year, and tneir
value is over :jil(.,0OU,00U, tin: rsLxx&Eft, cumduiilasd, n.c.
Folding Go-Carts $10.50
For Mixed Paints,
Floor Stains,
Wall Paper,
Furniture, eto.
Is the place
T.   E.   BATE
Capital $5,000,000
Reserve 15,700,000
Dpaftr 'Mued In »n» currency, payable all over the world
blgheat current patea allowed on depoalta of $1 and upwards
H. F. Montgomery, Manager        .
Mir-s Annie White returned from Vancouver uii Tu today.
Mrs. Rdbt. G [uvea c»mn up from Vic
torit* on Friday's bust
Mrs, Baild returned mi Tuesday .from
lliu I'.'i mil-nl Citiy.
Mm Thiol is visiting hor parents in
this city.
Inspector of Mines J Newton Armed
it) town un Tuesday evening.
Mrs. John Newton snd daughter are
visiutiK in tuwn with Mrs  Hauks.
Min Kent left fur Vaic uver on W»d
lK'nday where she will ipeud ber holiday*
Mr. nnd Mrs. H. McRuight returned
to NaiiHimu uii Wtdut-Bday.
Miss Morrison, cook at the hospital here
leftfur Allen.i ihis week.
Miss Mcfirngor on Wednesday returned to her home iu Naimtmo.
Mrs. Ch»s Grant went over to Vancouver ou Wednesdays huat.
The Rev. Mr. Freeman wasanoutbound
pHBienger on Wednesday.
AVe have recently received a
Carload of McLAUGHLIN
Carriages and Buggies,
and are prepared to quote
lowest prices and best terms.
give us a call;
McPhee &
S. C. White Leghorns
402 Pullets laid in -
January- - 7616
•February - 7310
Maroh   •   -  8ii08
Avenue I'M Mnl tor 00 ilay« ;».'.   Tli|a rccnnl
lum II ht "lien liinleu "ll III,' X   Ami'iliiiii i II
ih-iiI    I'liiuu Unla wtll make aunll liiueillnl! modi
lui mil. I'llc ki null. :i.m "iiiii|i','il,'i>si.»ii«iili
IM SCAN. Ill' ji
I   i. a Side
Dealer in Bicycles  and   Gas
Engine Supplies
New box-s will be rented out on Mun
day next frum 10 a. m. until ti p. in.
V etent box holders will oblige Postmaster by returning old keys.
L.   W.   Nl'NKB
Cumberland, R  C.
August irh.y 1910.
English and American Wheels from
j   $40 up, also Secondhand \Vhe4s,
General Merchants, Courtenay.
Try a bottle of Elderweiss Cream
for Sunburns and Roughness
of the Skin
We have a Full Stock ot Nyal's Remedies, which
are always reliable   •   •   ■   ■   Ask for Nyal's
The Best and Cheapest Supply of Brushes, Combs
and Toilet Articles    :     :     :     :    Give us a call
Cumberland &  Union Waterworks Co., Ltd.
Sprinkling will lie allowed only
between the hours of 7 to 8 a.m. nml
7 to 8 p.m.
Leaking taps must he attended to.
Any changes or additions to existing
piping must he  sanctioned   by  thc
A. McKnifiHT,
Thircl St. & Penrith Avenue
All kinds of hauling done
First-class Rigs for Hire
jivery and team work promptly
attended to
Notice is hereby given   that   one
month after dato 1 intend to apply to
ihe    Superintendent    of    Provincial
Police for a transfer of the  Liquor
License now held by me for nnd in
respect of tlic Kik Hotel, Comox, b.C,
unto C. A. Martin.
Dated at Comox this 22nd dny of
July, 1910.
C. 0. McDonald.
\wmn \\_wm wn
Display Advertisements
7D enns per column inch per month.
Special rae for half page or more.
Condensed Advertisements
1 cell, 1 word, I issue ; minimum charge SB ccni.
No aceouns run for his class of adverting.
Notice of Examinations.
NOTICE ii hereby given that examination! will he held for lit, 2nd
and 3rd Class Certificate! of Competency
under the provisions of the "Ooal Mines
Regulation Act" st Nanaimo, Kernie,
Cumberland and Merritt, on the Kith,
17th and 18th days of August, 19 0,
commencing at!) o'oluok in the furetiopn.
The subjects will be as follows :—
First Class Candidates —
Mining Am <*i'tl S, eeinl Rules.
Mine Oases.
fleiiesl Woik.
Mine Miehiuuiy.
Seruitd Chin, ('tisid'tdtilrs--
Miuing Act and Special Rules.
Mine Osses,
General Work,
Third Clnss Cttittlitltttus  ■
Minimi Act snd Special Rules.
Mine Cases aud General \Vork.
Application must he made to the tin
il'THiiM'eil not later than Mi,eil y, Annus
8 li, 1111(1, accompanied liy   lie autumn
fee, as follows :—
Ity an applicant for First Class
Examination  8100(1
Hy an applicant for Secnd Class
Exnmiustiiin     10 00
By an applicant fur Third Class
Examination       5 0(1
Thu applications must be accompanieil
hy original testimonials and evidence
stating that :—
(a.) If a candidate fnr First Class, tlm'
he is a llii'ish sulij'Ct and has Ind ai
least five yuirs txpurieixo in or aboul
the practical working of A coal mine, and
is at least twenty-live years of age.
(b.) If a candidate for Second Class,
that he has had at least five years ex
perience in or about the practical working nf a ooal-mine.
(c.) If a candidate for Third Class.
that he has had at least threo years ex*
perience in or ahnut the praotical working of a coal-mine.
(d.) A candidsto for a Certificate of
Competency as Mansgur, Overman, Shift
boss, Firebugs or Shotllghter shall pro
'luce a certificate from a medical prao
titioner, duly qualified to practise a.
such in the Province of British Oolumbla,
showing that he has taken a o ilirfla ii
ambulance work Hitiuu lilm, the said can
didate, to give first aid to persons injured
in coal-mining operations.
By order ef thu Hoard.
Nanaimo, B.C., July 5th, 1010.
i.iiriti Atjitii hulk London & Lancashire
Fire Insurance Co.
Get rates before insuring elsewhere
Office: Cumberland
Go to
J. JACK, Jr.
For Candy, Fruit, Ice Cream
and Lit/hi Luncheons   »
:   :   :   CFIVE I)   :   :   :
Up-to-date Merchant Tailor
Mice to Advertisers.
Change advertisements fop
Saturday mornings issue must
be in this office not Inter than
ID ii.in. nn Thursday,
mission   AnisNov       Hauls nntl
Debts I'lilleei,"!. Hroknnige, Iteill
K-'nio ninl   Ani't.iiiieors, Thom
son    Itiiiklilig,    lluiiMiuuir     Av tin.-.
Cumberland    Pin  IT.   JuliiiTlium
son. Malinger.
|«ava VU'lcirlii nn in T ilny
Arrive Nilii;ilum :i p tn Tuttiilny
l.t'iivf S'jiunlmu A,l.o ]>,m Tmwility
Arrive Union Hoy 10.80 \u\\ Tiiomtny
1.1'iivi' Uiilnii (lay 8 u.m, Wgilnumliiy
Arrlv«Naiinlmngpin, \Voiliiom1ay
Arrive Vancouver Q.so |i in, vVediiomliiy
1,1'iivu Vaticmivur i n m. Tlmiwlny
Arrive Natialtno i'i in \i in Tlmwilny
U*avo Natinliiio 1 p.m. Thutwliiy
Arrive Union liny T.no oni. Tlmrmlay
PrlilayaiulNaiimlav ropoal trips ol Wmltiowlii)
ami Tlmrmlay
Liravo Unloti liny l9.1Ro.1il Snmlay
Arrive Nanalmo On m. Humlay
Arrive Vlotnrln i p.tn. Hmulay
Km' rates nml Information relative t» uit«*r-
mediate polnta of call, npply to
O. B.   KOSTKK. W.    MiOlHR,
A. O. P. A., Atfont,
Vancouver,    B.C,       Nm mi i mo,   B.C
Autos for Hire   ■
Motor Launches on the Lake
Terms roHmiliiihlu. Pin,ne (18
— GOOD —
in the
Jewellery      __,. \
Sold     ,
on a Small
Next door to Hoyal Bank, opp Ceite Poet Office
Little cubes of metal
Little tubes of ink; *
Brains, and the printing presses
Make the millions think
There is no better
way of making the
people of this district think of you
than through an advertisement in


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