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BC Historical Newspapers

The Islander Jan 20, 1912

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 New OreM length
■hilt ttalit, Muslin Vndfr
quality yon want at
/sJiX^'-    ^-**-f
(en's Dress
(ems can be
iy solved at this
store, no matter
what you are in need of.
No. 86
Subscription price $1.50 per yaer
Thi IsLiNDiR rsgrets that the ex
cellent address of Mr, Thomas H. Ca
rey oo the publio school*, before the
pnHtioal meeting a week »go Wednes-
dsy, wu omitted from the report of
the meeting. Ur. Carey's address
was taken duwi by the stenographer
and written oat for publication, but in
eome way the copy wae overlooked and
I tha omission wai not discovered until
i too lato to be remedied.
!' The Udlee of 8t John's Church nf
this eity gave a must successful dance
1 In lhe Cumberland Ball un last Tuesday evening. The niuaic was furniihed
by Roy's urchestra, and refreshments
were served during the evening. A
most enjoyable lime was spent by ail.
A concert and public debate will beheld
in the Courtenay Opera House i u Hond
ay evening, the Wih inst.
, Dun't forget tbat the OUrke-Tsprlls
c.mbattakesplace this evening in  the
I Cumberland Hall. This will be ths best
eihibition if boiing ever held in Cum
berland, as both men are out to win. So
if you aieh to get your money's wor b,
don't fail tb be there. It will be a feud
lively contest, if our rxpeotati- ns pr ve
correct, and both men an ia the p uk ot
Mr. Robert Grant sr., entertained a
number of hie friends to a bounteous
epr ed on leet Wednesday evening, A
most enjoyable time wh spent by all.;
The question ie:
'Who   stole Ihe
Statement of Receipts aod Ex-
peoditare of Cumberland
Public School,
Pint half-yearly government
grant, outside pupils $ 472.4?
Second   half-yearly   government grant, outside pupils   690.65
Nnt   quarterly   govrrment
grant, inside pupils  1,124.35
ieoond quartely government
grant, inside pupils  1,124.85
Phird quarterly government
grant, inside pupils  1,030.40
fourth quarterly government
grant, inBide pupils  1,124.40
iigh school fees     299.00
lity of Cumberland  2,811.06
Police Magistrate Abrams  Administers Oath of Office in
Impressive Manner.
Sur System is to le Completed.
Where' salaries 17061.90
aoitor  810.00
oavenger account  60.00
late, T. E., aoct. repair aud
Sundries  11.60
inks, T. E., aoct. repairs lo
building  38.50
lunns, L.  W., acct. insurance,  8 years  120.00
[oLesn, T.'D:, aoct.  hooks,
eto  5-60
anc. Daily Province, adit.. 1.15
loutier, pokers and scrnpers 8.00
ram, W., Book case  20.00
raser Jt Bishop, freight 26
r. 0. K. MoNaughton.iued-
ical insp  76.00
win-Forsyth Co,, books... 23.05
oyer, A. B„ books  30.7f
'orld Publishing Co,, advt... M'
all, A., two Nelson shields 10.00
irbell, C. H, labor It Bun-
dries  24.45
liser, Simon A Co.,sundries 3.70
axwell 4 Hornal   coal and
hauling  98.E5
imberland News,  priming 7.20
cKinnon, A. blinds and suu
dries  17-80
irey.T.H., salary.-  • 40.00
istage and telegrams  9.75
lander Print Co., printing 10.20
ark 4 Stewart,   furniture
nd maps  67.10
ncey, A..H,drugs and stationary  79.46
rkinson, H., painting  72.00
ater, Cumberland Co  16.2
:Lellan, W., flag pole and
repair  to outhouse  287.00
mes,Aaron,cleaiiinggrounda     24.76
Certified correct.
P. ACTON, Auditor
nuarjr 19U
Trades   License By-Law year; he hoped the same would
Against   Insurance       be snid of the present   board.
_ He had heard it said during the
Companies. °
campaign, and rather sarcastically at that, that he did   not
,,,,    ,, .      „ , know how to control the alder-
lhe hist meeting of the uew,
_...,__■■_ . men and have the business con-
council Monday evening was
long and full of business.   Tbe J."0*? '"T^"  H? ft,lmitted
..    . „, ... -that he might have been some-
oath of office was administered    ,   . ,     .      „    .     ,.   . ,.
,    ,. .'■■.,, .    what lax in enforcing discipline
to the Mayor and Aldermen in ,   . ,    .,      ,. .    ,
but he thought he knew how.
an impressive manner by His „   .,      •   .     . ,   .,
r ' ne then instructed   thf  ih'W
Houor, Judge  Abrams, who, , ..       ,       .,    ,
e »,;■•» members in  the rules ol   the
at the conclusion  of which. .,.     ,,
. ,   ,  , ., council in addressing the chair
wished the new council a pros-      ,      ,     ,, ,.,
•■'..-, ,        and eacli other, aud the ru
perous year, and expressed the ,.
,,,..„,i ,,, ,, governing discussion.
hope and belief that they would ,
,, i   i   ,i        m .     no   think it necessary, however
would    conduct   the   affairs J
_,.,   .     u.        ... ..    tot ump to tbeir feet every time
of their-office with prosperity ., '   ,   , , , ,,
. r      r       j   jjjgy nft(j ft  wol.(| j0   gay      ^je
to the city and credit to them- .      ,., ,,,    „ „   ,.
* hoped there would be full  <lw-
. • cuasiou nntl  that tliey would
In calling the council to or- all get aloiisr tng-.-tlmr nicely,
der the Mayor sincerely wel- The MrtV01.-s „ llim.u ..„,,„.,]
corned the new aldermen to to ar0Mge H 11(,nitelltial fee)illg
the council and was earnest in in the hoaoms of the ()1(] „,.,.,,..
his remarks. There had been men Maxwe„ a,,oge and con.
a good board of aldermen last fegged that he  had> pei.hapgi
He did
not adhered to the rules as
he should. He would try to
do better. The others followed
in like vein and the new aldermen were sure discussion could
lie had without ill feeling.
Mr. Peacock was before the
council with a complaint that
the milk coming to his house
and he was inclined lo include
the whole town, was not what
it should be and wanted to
know whit could be dune about
it. He was asked what was
the matter with it; if it was too
thin. He didn't know; it was
no good. His Worship said
the milk coming to his house
was not as "thick" as he would
like to see it, but on the whole
if was pretty good milk. The
clerk was instructed to laythe
complaint before the health ofti
cer. F. Monico, the night man
also had a tale tf woe. The city
horse was old and unable to tlo
the work. His troubles were
referred to the board of works.
The Rev. Laffere presented
a resolution asking the passage
of a proposed public library act
by the provincial legislature.
The resolution was received
and passed by the council.
There was much discussion
which brought forth things It
developed that there were a-
bout   $1200   in   back   taxes
due the city .for years, with
no Way of enforcing collection.
Thnt the isolation ward had a
telephone for which there was
no authority from the council.
That the main sewer in the
swamp was blocked and that
rhe lower end ot Windmere ave
was in bad condition. That
many employees are leaving
withoAt paying city road tax:
Mr. Clinton is to be asked to
hold out same.
Beveridge had a couple of
grievances He thought the
people who signed the side
walk petition ou Dunsmuir ave
had not known what they were
signing. The clerk read the
petition and Maxwell' asked if
he thought the people had not
education enough to understand that when they signed it.
Thesecond concerned insurance
agents, stock salesmen and oth
pin who camo into CumWIand and
sold tliuir warps. The agent of the
Hudson Rny company had made |880
in .'iiuuii three hours. Hu thought
tin- cily .should huvo 11 share of this
money. In the end it was decided to
have Maxwell ask leave to bring a bylaw governing trade licensos.
The petition for the government
wharf at Hoy's beach was signed Ly
the mitvor ami aldermen
His Worship asked if it was the in
ten tion to complete the sewer. He
would like to seethe sewer enter the
Jerusalem sedtinh. Most of thc alder
men, under a motion Uy Beveridge to
proceed, wero expressing their approval of going ahead, when the I'ily clerk
arose nnd suggested that it were  well
Cumberland Very Fortunate in
Regard to  Visitation By
Epidemic Disease.
Stop Spread of Contagion
to other Members
of Family.
To His Worship the Mayor and Aldermen of the City of Cumberland:
Sirs:—I hrrowith submit my aiinu
al report for rear ending Dec,31,1911
At present there ure no reported
eases of eontugeona diseases io tho city
and tho following list for tlio year
shows that wc have boen fortunate regarding epidemics:
Measles, 0
Chicken pnx, 0
Scarlet fever, 1
Whooping cough, 6
Diphtheria, It'
Consumption, 2
The ea-e of scarlet fever developed
last year and continued into January
No new cases appeared during the
yenr. With hut two exceptions the
diptheria was nf a mill type and all
cases completely recovered.
To what extent the outbreak was
due to local conditions I do not know.
Unless otherwise proven it is for us
to seek lhe e.i use at liome nnd in lhe
rotten eotidilion of the city's sewers
we Imd a s lUrce oiipahje of giving ri.-e
to a serious epidemic,
The instilling of tile ilrnins through
the gr.'nter pint of tin city during the
pnst yeur, hus Inrgelj removed this
source of danger.ami I lio|u tliis com-
mendahlu work will he carnud to com,
tn look to where the money was cam
ing from, The mayor thought the
money could easily and on very advantageous terms be procured from t lie
banks, After some further discussion
Beveridge insisted upon his motion,
and it was resolved to.complete tiio
work. The clerk explained that ho
was not at all opposed to the work.
The following appointments   were
Committee  on   Finance—Cainpell,
Hornal, Beveridge.
Board of Public  Work—Maxwell,
Cessfsrd. Campbell.
Board of Health.—Beveridge, Hornal, Coe.
Fire   Wardens.—Beveridge,    Cess-
Board of Licenses,—Cessford, J, P,
Board of   Polico   Commissioners—
Campbell, W. E, Iiiwrenco.
Police Magistrate.-J. Abrams,
City Clerk.—A, McKinnon.
Night Man.—F. Monico.
Health Officer.-Dr. Geo. K. Mac-
plelion during thc coining year
The quarrautine hospital is now
well heated, Comfortably furnished
aud has telephone commotion II has
lately heen occupied for over a month
and no complaints were made regard
ing its comfort or convenience Were
the name of "pest house" discontinued
und the usefulness and ndviiutnges of
a quarantine hospital, in preventing
the spread of enntageous diseases,more
fully appreciated, more cases would go
there for the i|uurnutine period, ruther
thnn remain ut homo and pnbibly
spread the disease to other members pf
thu family
The system of medical shool inspeo
tion inaugurated during the past yen-,
means that the physical defects of the
children will be detecied early, and it'
the suggestion of the medical inspector are promptly attended to hy parents and guardians, much of suffering,
deformity and impaired health may Is-
The two principal dairies supplying
milk in the city have heen recently vis
ited and found in fair condition. He
commendations regarding oleatillnes,
whitewashing nnddrainge were prom
ised piomptttUcntion, A Roynl Com
mission has beon recently appointed
whicli will conduct a thorough iuvesti-
igation of the milk supply throughout
ihe province
1 would c dl your attention tn the
t'Set' that several houses on the alley la -
tween Windermere mid Morryport
have no sewer connection—a condition
which shuuld not he permitted to cou
The general cleanliness of tho city
Inst summer was an improvement on
previous years, hut until some scheme
foi'col lee 1 ing garbage at. short, regular
intervals is adopted and enforced ,piles
of gai'liilge will continue to accumulate
in backyards md alleys, acting as hot-
beds for the breeding of germs and the
rendesvous for Hies
If to hir excellent situation, fine eli
male, unexcelled water supply and rapidly improving drainage system, Cum
berland could add clean streets alleys
and yards, we would, from a health
standpoint, be citizens of no mean citv
Respeolfully Submitted,
The Leap V- nr IVl givon in Courten-
iy Opera Houso on last Thursday llight
was a miiBt decided success. The num
bi-i; attending being liy far the largest
thai have beon to a ilancc iu the Opel*
ilnuce. There were ovur fifty couple got
up in the grand niatoh, snd mure than
half lhat number sitting nut as spectators
Mias Cilia I).vis, bhe prone tor of the
all'..ir, ia to ho highly cengratulatod on
the success whicli attended lier efforts,
b) receiving a nice round sum for ono
who ih dl and very mu h in uoed.
Fhe fuilnwlng team will take the
Held neaiiifi Nauiiiino-Unitod tomorrow,
Isn , 21st, kick oil' at 11 a. m. Goal,
.1 Clark: Ivcka, j. Strang snd A.Nick-
Isnn; half hacka, A. Cairns, J. Galloway, II, McLean, Capl: forwards, Wad-
haui«, I* Dariae. E McAlaina, .I.Williams, O.  Harrison.
Most Elaborate  Programme Will Be
The Orpbeum Theatre (Cumberland
Hall) seems to be the favorite retort
and ia being well patronised, whioh testifies to tbe superior grade of films tie
management ar« allowing nightly. ',
To-night  the  piotures  that  will   Le
ahown and the large varied programme of
music aud illustrated songs will surpass
uything shown heretofore in tbe line of
The full iwing ia the programme:—
rAKV."—Au exceptionallygiod picture
by the Yankee Film Cnnpany.
Imp Drama. A thrilling story replete
•ith startling situations. The race nf
the engines and the break neck speed of
the autos, lend intense interest. The
closing scene when the rescuer is reward-
d by the gift of thc child's doll, is truly
Film III.-"THE CIUHS."-A Tan.
hauser Drama.
STEAL "-The portrayal uf this story is
exceptionally good, and shuuld nut bo
Mr. R. H. R ibertsun will sing that
beautifully illustrated song, "NIGHT
.1. Lsinb.
Tickets will be issued to-night fur a
drawing to take place un Saturday, night
January 27th
Thc usual piiccs will prevail fur this
monster programme uf aung, musio and
J. A. Stenhouso will pick a   football
t, am that represents No. 6 Thistles, a-
gainat  Nanaiuiu,    fur fun,   muali    ur
On uext Monday and Tuesday, "The
Last of the Frontenaca" will be shuwn.
This is sn historical aubject, is an illimitable production, and will take up four
reels uf film. Tho peuple uf Cumberland
shuuld avail themselves uf the upportuil-
ity uf seeing this as it is something out
uf the ordinary.
FOR SALE-Rhode Island Red Henr,
thoroughbred atock, grand winter layers,
1 have about 70 altogether. For particulars apply at The Islander Office, or to A
B. Snow, Comox, B. C. jan27 THI ISLANDER, CUMBERLAND, B.C.
Copyright, 10111
|By Small, May mud & Co., Inc.
A Born ar.d Bred New Englander,
MV groat-grandfather was killed in
the revolution, my grandfather
fought in the war ol lM^; iny
father sacrificed lus health iu the Olvil
Warj bul 1, though born in Now Bug-
land] ''iin the lirst of my family to emigrate to this country—tho United .States
of America. That sounds like 11 riddle or
a paradox, it isn't; it's n plain state-
ment of fact.
As a mattor of convenience let mc
oall myaolf Carlelos. I 'va no desire
to make public my life i'or tho take of
notoriety. .My only ideu in writing
thoe personal details is the hope thai
they may help some poor dovil out of
the same bole In whieh 1 found myself1
mired. They nre of too sacred n nature
to shure exeept impersonally. B\ en
behind the disguise of an assumed
mime   I   passed  some  mighty  uneom*
fortable hours u  few months ago when
of trousers J lind worn whon a kid iu
his hamls. His bead Was bent uud ho
was trying to sew. I wout to his sido
und asked him whut the troublo wus.
llo looked up but he didn't kuow me.
lie never knew me again, lie diet! n
few days afterwards. J found then
tluit he had invested al) his savings in
a wild-i'tit mining scheme. They bud
been swept nway.
So at eighteen I was left alone with
the only eapital that succeeding generations of my family ever In bor l toil—
a common sehool education and a big,
round physique. My father's tragie
<lentil was a heavy blow, but the mere
fact thut I wns thrown on my own resources did not dishearten me. In fact
lln' prospeet rather roused uie. I hml
Honked iu the humdrum atmosphere of
tho boarding house ho long that, tlio
idea of having to earn my own living
tame rather us an adventure. Whilo
dependant OQ my father, I hnd been
chained to this one room and this one
eity,   but   now   1   felt  ns   though   the
1 sketched out for a muga/.ine and saw | t,it but now t fo,t 08 n „ U10
in cold print what I'm now going to wholfl willo worM ml)| BUddeul5 been
give in full.    It made me feel as though ,      „.,,,        to mfl|    ,  ,,,„,  no ,mrtit.u|lir
I hud pulled down tho walls ot my Lmbltiou:boyond earning a comfortable
house and was living my life opon to Hying, nn.l I wus sure enough nt
the view of the street. For u mun |.,; htoc|l of boi a)>U) to .,0 thi8> u
whose home means whut it does to me, j »hoM j oou|,, ,0 t0 Bea—there wasn't
there s nothing pleasant about thnt.      |u ve8a(1, but wlmt W()lll(i tako 80 hu8ky
However, I received some letters fol- \ u youngster; if I wished, I could go
lowing tlmt brief article whieh made Into railroading- hero again there was
the discomfort seem worthwhile. My a demand for youth nnd brawn. 1
wife and I read them ovor with some- eould go into a factory nnd lenrn
thing like awo. They eamo from Maine manufacturing, or 1 could go into an
and tbey came from Texas; they camo | office and learn a business. 1 was
from the north, they came from the young, i was stroug, 1 wus unfettered.
south, until we numbered our unseen Thero is no ono ou earth so free ns
friouus by tho hundred. Running j such a young mnn. I eould settle in
through these letters wus the racking Kew York or work my way west and
ery that had oneo rondod our own | settle in .Seattle or go* north into Can-
hearts—"How to get out!" As we a da. My U'gs wero stout and 1 could
read somo of them our throats grew i walk if' necessary. Aud wherever 1
lumpy. was, 1 bad only to stop ond offer the
"Ood   help   thcin,"   said   my   wife Uso of my bnck and arms- in return "
over and over again. >nn Vaal
As we rend others, we felt very glad
that our lives had  been  in some wuy
^___m_____________m^_^_^_^_^        for
food and clothes. Most meu feel like
lhis only once in their lives. In n few
years they become fottered again—this
an inspiration to them.    After talking, time for good.
the whole matter over wo decided that:     Having  no   inclination   towards  the
if it helped any to let people kuow
how wo ourselves pulled out, why it
was our duty to do so. For that purpose, which is tho purpose of this book,
Carloton is as good a name as any.
My poople were all honest, plodding,
middle-class Americans. They stuck
where they were bom, accepted thoir
duties as tliey camo, earned a respectable living und died without having
money enough left to make a will
worth while. They were all privates
in the ranks. But they were the best
type of private—honest, intelligent,
and loyal unto death. They were faithful to thoir families und unswerving
In their duty to thoir country. Tho
records of their lives aren't interesting, but they are as open as daylight.
My father seems to have bad at lirst
a bit more ambition stirring within hiin
than his ancestors. Ho started in the
lumber business for himself iu a small
wny, but witb the first call for troops
sold out and enlisted. He did not distinguish himself, but he fought iu more
battles than many a man who came out
a captain. Ho didn't quit until the
war was over. Then he crawled back
home subdued nnd sick. Ho refused
over to draw ji pension because he felt
it whs as much a man's duty to fight
for his country us for bis wife. He
secured a position as bead clerk and
confidential man with an old established lumber firm and here he stuck the
rest of his life. Ho earned a decent
living, and in the course of time married and occupied a comfortable bome.
My mother died when I was ten, and
after lhat father sold his house anil we
boarded. It was a dreary enough life
for both of us. Mother was the sort of I
mot lier who lives her whole life in
earing for her men folks so that her
going left us as helpless as babies. For
a long while we didn't oven know when
to change our stockings. But obeying
the family tradition, father accepted
bis lot stoically and as final. No one
in our family ever married twice, With
the death of the wifo and mother the
home ceased and that was the end of
ono thing or .the othor, I took the first
opportunity that offered. A chum of
mine had entered the employ of tbe
United Woollen Company and seeing
another vacancy thero in the clerical
department, he persuaded mo to job.
him. 1 began at five dollars a weok.
1 wus put at work adding up columns
of figures thnt had no moro meaning
to mo than tho problems in tbe school
arithmetic. But it wasn't hard work
and my hours wero short nnd my associates pleasant. After a while X took
a certain pride in being part of this
vast enterprise. My chum and I hired
a room together and wc both felt like
pretty important business men us wc
bought our paper on tho car every
morning and went down town.
It took close figuring to do anything
but live that first yeur, and yet we
pushed our way with tho crowd into
the nigger heavens and saw most of the
good shows. J had never been to the
theatre before and T liked it.
Next year J received a raise of five
dollars and watched the shows from
the rear of the lirst balcony. Thnt is
thc only change tbe raise made that I
can remember, exeept that I renewed
my stock of clothes. Tbe ouly thiug
J 'm suro of is that nt the end of tbe
second year J didn't have anything loft
This is true of the next six years,
My salary wns advanced steadily to
twenty dollars, and at tbat time it took
just twenty dollars a week for me to live.
1 wasn't extravagant and 1 wasn't dissipated, but overy raise found a new
demand, It seemed to work automatically. You might almost say that
our salaries were not raised at all, but
that we were promoted from a ten dollar plane of lifo to a fifteen dollar
plane and Ihen to a twenty. And we
all went together—that is the meu wbo
started together. Each advance meant
unconsciously the wearing of better
clothes, rooming at better houses, eat
ing at better restaurants, smoking better tobacco, aad more frequent amusements. This left us better satisfied
of course, but aftor all it left us just
where wc begau. Life didn't mean
much to any of us at this time, uud if
we were Inclined to look ahead why
there were the big salaried jolts before
us ti) dream about. But even if a man
had been forehanded and of a saving
nature, be couldn't have done much
without sacrificing the only friends
most of us lunl—his office associates.
For instance—to save five dollars a
week at lhis time 1 would bave had to
drop back into the fifteen dollurs a week
crowd and I'd have been us mm li out
of place thero as a boy dropped into
a lower grade at school. I remember
thut when I was dually advanced another live dollars 1 half-heartedly re-
solvod to put that amount in the bank
weekly. But at this point tho crowd
all joined a small country club nnd I
had etthor to follow or drop out of their
lives. Of course, In looking bnck I can
see where 1 might have done differently, but I w'asn't looking back thon—
not very far ahead either, if it would
have prov on tod mv joining the country
dub I'm glad I didn't.
lt was out there that I mot the girl
who became my wife. My best reason
for remaining anonymous is the opportunity it will give me to tell about
liuth. 1 want to feel free lo rave about
her if 1 wish. She objected in the
magazine article and she objects even
began to notice a change in him. Ho i moro strongly now, but, ns before, I
was at times strangely excited and at must bave an UU cramped hand in this,
other times strangely blue, lie asked , The chances are that. I shall tulk merino a great many questions about my altout her than 1 did the flr.-d time. The
prefoTence in the 'matter of a college nnd whole scheino of my life, beginning,
bade mo keep well up in my studies, middle and end, swings around her.
He began to sldm"p a little, and Xfound Without hor inspiration I don't like
out afterwards thatpno reason ho grew to think what the end of me might
i thin was brcnuse be did nwny with have been. And it's just as true to-dny
|,is ,;(,rlll nieal.    It makes my blood boil  UB it was ia tho stress of the fight.
nber where the fruit      I  was twenty six  wheu  1  met Kuth,
I wouldn't and she was eighteen.   She eamo out to
i luimblo tri-jthe   club   one   Saturday   afternoon   to
i watch some tennis,    it bappc
to the room 11  liad  worked  into  the  final
I   remember
father witb some
pride, iio was a tall, old-fashioned
looking man, with a. great deal of quiet
dignity, 1 came to know him much
bettor in the next, few years after
mother died than ever before, for we
lived together in one room ami hud
few friends. 1 can see him now sitting
by a small kerosene lain]) nfter I had
gono to bed clumsily trying to mend
some rent ia my clothes. J thought it
un odd occupation for a man, but 1
know now what ho was about. I think
his love for mv mother must have 1.---
deep, for he
..I  In
mouths. Then as 1 made ready to serve
the second sot, I happened to see in thc
front row of the crowd to the right of
the court a slight girl with blue oyos.
She was leaning forward looking at me
with her mouth tense nnd her fists tight
closed. Somehow 1 hud an idea that
she wanted me to win. I don't know
why, boeauso I was sure I'd never seen
ber beforo; but 1 thought that perhaps
she hud bet a pair of gloves or u box
of candy on me. If she bad, 1 made
up my mind thut she'd g*it them. 1
started in und they said, af tor wards,
I never played better tenuis in my life.
At any rate, 1 beat my man.
Aft'T tho game 1 found someone to
Introduce me to ber, und from ihut
moment on there was nothing else of|
so great consequence in my life. 1
learned nil about her in tbo course of
tbe next few weeks. Her fnmlly, too,
was distinctly middle-class, in the souse
that none of them hud ever done anything to distinguish themselves either
fur good or bad. Her parents lived on
n small New Hampshire farm and sho
had just been graduated from tho village academy and had come to town to
'sit her aunt. The latter was a tall,
lean woman, who, after tho dentb of
her husband had bcen forced to keep
lodgers to eko out a living. Ruth
showed me pictures of her mother and
father, and they might have bcen relatives of mine as fnr as looks went.
The father had caught an expression
from the granite hills which most New
England farmers get—a rugged, strained look; the mother was lean and kind
ind worried. 1 mot thom later and
liked them.
Kuth was such a woman as my
mother would bave taken to; clear and
laughing on the surface, but with great
depths hidden among tho golden shallows. Hcr experience had ull been
among the meadows uud mountains, so
that she was simple and direct and
fearless in her thoughts and nets. You
never had to wonder what she meant
when she spoko, and when you came to
know her you didn't eveu havo to worn
'ler what she was dreaming about. And
yet she wns nover the same because she
was always growing. But the thing that
woke me up most of nil from tho first
day 1 met her was tho interest bIic took
in everyone and everything. A fellow
could not bore Ruth if he tried. She
would have tlio timo of her life sitting
ou a bench in tbo purk or walking down
the stroet or just staring out tbo window of hor aunt's front room. And
that street lookod like Sunday nfternoou all tho week long.
1 began to do some figuring when I
was alone, but thero wasn't much satisfaction in it. 1 had tho clothes iu
my room, a good collection of pipes,
ami ten dollars of my last week's salary. A man couldn't get married on
that even to n girl like Ruth, who
wouldn't want much. I cut down here
ami there, but 1 naturnlly wanted to
appear well boforo Ruth, and so the
savings wont into new ties and shoes.
In this way I fretted along for a fow
months, until I screwed my courage up
to ask for another raise. Those were
prosperous dnys for the United Woollen
ami everyone from tho president to tbo
olliee boy was in gootl humor. I went
to Morse, head of tho department, nnd
told him frankly that I wished to get
married and needod more money. That
wasn't a business reason for an iuerense, but those of us who had worked
there somo years had come to feel like
ono of the family, ond it wasn't unusual for tho company to raise a man
at Fiich a time. Ho said he'd see what
he could do about it, and when 1 open
ed my pay envelope the next week I
found an extra five in it.
I went direct from the oflice to Ruth
and asked her to marry me. She didn't
.hang her bead nor stammer, but sho
Hooked mc straight in the eyes a moment longer than usual and answered:
"AU right, Billy."
■ "Then let's go out this afternoon
and see about getting a houso," J said.
I dou 't think a Carloton ever board'
ed wben first married. To me it
wouldn't huve seemed like getting married. I knew a suburb where somo of
the men T hod met at the couutry club
lived and we went out tliere. It was
a beautiful Juno day and everything
looked clean and fresh. We found a
little house of eight rooms that we
knew we wanted as soon *is we saw it.
It wns oue of a group of ten or fifteen
that were all very mueh alike. There
was a piazza on the front ami a little
bit of lawn that looked as though it
'•' I   boon   squeezed   in  nfterwnrds.    in
talked to uie a great ileal
id seemed much more concerned
 y future on her account than
on either hii own or mine. I think it
wa-* she—she was a woman of some
spirit- whn persuaded him to consider
Bending mf to college. This accounted
parti) for thi' mending, although there
was some sentiment about it too. 1
think he liked to feel that he was |
out lier work for mo oven ia
wm „ -...nil matter as this.
How much he was earning ami how
he saved 1 never know. 1 went
to school and luul nil tho common things
of the ordinary boy, and I don't remember thnt I ever asked him for any
pocket money but what he gavo it to
me. It was towards the .ond of my
senior year in  the high school  thut  1
111 Mi
llie rear (here was another strip of land
where we thought we might raise some
ffnrden stuff if we put it in boxes. Thc
house Itself hud a froat hall out of
which stairs led to the next Iloor. To
the right tbere wns a large room sep-
aratod by folding doors with another
good-sized room next to it, which would
naturally be usod as a diiiiag-romn. In
the rear of tbis wns the kitchen and
besides lhe door there was a slide
through which to pat's the food. Up-
stairs thore woro four big rooms
stretching the wholo width of the houso.
Above these 1 here was a servant's
room. Thi' whole house was prettily
finished, and in the two rooms downstairs there were fireplaces which took
my eye, although tliey weren't bigger
than eoal hods. It was heated by a
furnace and lighted by electricity and
there W0.ro stained glnss panels either
side of tlio front door.
To bo continued)
..- when I romem
this self-sacrifice went.
call it here excepl as i
iti   to Iiii memory.
ight 1 came bacl<
While tho poor of Great Britain nro
working at starvation wages and the
Government is devising every conceivable measure to tux the rich nnd relieve tho neodv, great tracts of land
I   might   be   yielding   fruitful   li
vests arc   lying  Idle  and   bare,  given
o ei- to woods, rnbbits nnd pheasants.
We do not learn this from some hostile
critic in Germany or Prance, but from
>d  I hut I*'10 Englisl) Review (London), whore Mr.
thej I'- 13, Oreen tells of a sad trip he took
wasn't'through a rural region that might be
■ „     Itnr-    it was not vet dark I was tournament,   but  that   .lay    1    wasn't through a  rural region  that  might be
i                  ,    e,^.|      f   vdlow Pbiving   verv  well.     I   was  beaten   in supporting a, large  population,  but is
'     od   to   see   a   crock   of   yellow W  set%ix.two.    What was worse not    Goldsmith's " Deserted Village"
»Rhi   ,'r-'^'' nut  f:;"u  bi""B2J*° T didJ't caroataffif I wS   I had describe* pretty accurately thojpln&o
father seated by the tamp with a pair lot   of   things   during  those   last   few homeward sending lus weary way is
now obsolote. Tho wheat fields that
feed England aro furrowed in Canada,
the United States, and Argentina. Mr.
Greon, in traversing what wub once a
rich agricultural district in Hampshire,
met "a man in velveteens, with a gun
over his shoulder." He calls thiB mun,
who was dressed like a poacher, "tho
typical rustic" of the region. "In
him lies uo hopo of the future. While
ho remains, tbo husbandman departs."
Ho describes ono of the villages,
Ooombe by name. Coombo, otymolo-
gicfllly, means a "hollow vnlley" in
tho South Downs of Kngland, generally peopled and having a church in
the centre. Tho Coombo this writer
visited had lost all its inhabitants,
shepherds, plowmen, carters, etc., by
migration to tho towns. "At Coombo,
lying stagnant in tho cup of tho hills,
wo come upon grim trngody, uuro-
"Tbo field I crossed to rench the
village was full of withered, unhur-
vested grasses and tall seed-bearing
wild carrots and thistles, shoulder high.
Rabbits scurried nway at almost every
stop, while pheasants uud partridges
filled the air with a whir of wings. The
first cottage 1 lighted oa was literally
lulling down. The thatch bad long
disappeared, leaving the rafters nnd
beams bare as bones to the skies; the
garden a waste of luxuriant woods,
whero brambles were trying to cover
this rueful desolation, As 1 entered
the village 1 passed a row of four cottages under one thatch, Ouly one was
occupied, the othor three, with, thoir
doors and windows battered in, had
been given over to tho ruts to pluy
havoc in and for the wind to whistle
through. From the occupied cottnge
issued n slatternly young woman with
a sporting dog, probably a gamekeeper's, at her heels. They tell mo
that many of tho cottages in tho village
and most of the land are owned by a
city magnate, and thnt when it family
leaves a cottage, to seek employment
or tho higher wages und the larger
freedom of the towns, no attempt iB
made cither to repair or to relet the
cottage. For an inllux of human life
may disturb the pheasants. Whoro
pheasants are wanted, the peasant is
not. Very much tho sumo thing seems
to bo dominant at Coombo. Coombo is
now one vast rnbbit-warren."
Standing on ouo of tbese heights in
.England's southern bills where Lord
Macau)ay describes the Deacons us
blazing to warn the country of tbe approach of Philip's Armada or to celebrate England's triumphs, ho gloomily
But to-dny, though it would not be
difficult to find tho rubbish to burn,
from the acres nnd acres given over to
sport, it would bc dillicult to get tho
men from tho hillside or valley to build
tho beacon. A gibbet to-day stands
ns a landmark, arresting, sinister,
pointing, on tlio right and on the left,
to an empty countryside."
He finds all "the beautiful wooded
estate of Norman Court" given up to
game. The peasantry have vanished.
Starvation, it is true, may not be
so apparent on tho countryside as it
wns of yore. It has merely shifted its
quarters. As the people ' leave tho
countryside, starvation, attaching itself
as a camp-follower to the rural exodus,
finds its lair in the foul dens of tho
cities." Walking through this fertile
district, he remarks:
"Tho absence of human beings in
tins valley grows upon you, until you
begin to wonder if you really uro in
England. ' This is the highroad from
Hungerford to Andover, nnd yet it wus
crossed nnd recrossed in the broad daylight by. innumerable rabbits. Grass
grew avidly in the middle of the road.
Apparently it had time to grow between tho going of ouo cart'und tho
coming of tho noxt. No motors haunted tbis road; no hedges flanked it, nor
ditches either; but on either side wus
a brond stretch of green grass, and
then boyond, tier upon tier of oaks and
beeches up the hillside. It might havo
been a valley in some distant un inhabited country. I Iny down on tho
grass by the side of the ribbon of road
lo rest my back of tbe rucksack and to
drink in tbe beauty of the valley. Savo
for tho flapping of the wings nf tbo
pigeons, the plaintive cry of tho plover,
and the poignant call of the pheasant,
not a sound was to be heard.
"When I rose, greensward aud
roadway was specked with the
white tufts of the bobbing tails of
countless rabbits, and as I walked forward companies of them kept retreat'
ing, like sections of an army at tbo
sound of the bugle."
Mr. Green, who is a Conservative,
blames' Mr. Coliden and his disciple,
Uoyd George, for the desolation or
England. Ile vituperates free trade
ami demands small holdings for Hodge
and his unhappy and landless fellow-
countrymen. This writer, In order to
ompliaslzo his plea, for the distribution
of land into small holdings for industrious peasantry, gives some examples
of the prosperity of men who have ub-
talned possession of small patches of
land, and tells us that "most of them
nre skilled woodsmen, often spending
Ihe entire winter months in tho
woods,"    To continue his account:
"Each buys a few acres of under-
wood, and of tins makes as many
hurdles, wattles, sheep cribs and bundles
of faggots as his skill can contrive.  Jt
is the holdings, though, which give
them work throughout Iho summer,
work independent of a farmer landlord,
antl which Becurofl for them a roof over
their beads. Kven on this rather poor
and very exposed laud, where little intensive culture is practised, 1 found one
small holder making his entire living
from his eight acres.
"As n whole, the result has beon n
triumphant success, not ns measured by
cash returns, but in tbe more intimate
sense of achieving a greater measure
of freedom. Here wool, sheared from
tho sheep of the downs, is spun by
tho cottage women nnd woven inlo
beautiful cloth at n. large hnnd-loom;
and we might Imagine that even the
shepherd who minds the flocks on the
downs will some dny bo clothed in tho
wool shorn from the sheep be tend£."
lie thinks that England's peril from
Moi iaMsm nnd Anarchism lies in tbe
existence of ull this poor and landless
poople, ami ho utter? this wnnOig to
Mr. Lloyd-George and his school:
"The bndgot may be the key to un
lock the land, bnt the peoplo havo yet
to bo restored to the laud. . . (If
they are not) then the next move will
be tiie massing together of the country-
m"ii wbo nave sought work iu the cities
|nnd not  found it, with tlieir landless
fellow-laborers from the open fields,
and this timo the color of the banner
held on high by those who hung«r for
the earth may be blood-red."
The wind is chill,
The wild geese whiz,
Tho vuudeville
Is doing biz.
Tho moving van
is on tho spot;
Tho chestnut man
Has got 'em hot.
The frost first snips;
'ino bare boughs flap.
Thc rosebud lips
Commence to chap.
Tbo cider press
Goes all the day.
This ouds, we guess,
Our roundelay.
At tbe last annual meeting of the
Alumni Association of tho University
of Texas it wus decided to appoint a
committee to select some individual
wbo should provide a fund of uot less
than $-'5,U0G and not more thnn $30,000
a year for live years, this to bo utilizod
for the stimulation of thought and creation of aspiration for higher education
iu Texas. lt is proposed to award a
cash prize of $10,000 or more to architects for the best landscape and build
ing design which will bo tbo physical
expression of the Stato's aspiration for
higher- education, and a second prize
or prizes of $3,000 or moro for tho best
thesis or theses on a properly assigned
subject involved in tho general educational design. It is probable that the
competition in theBO classes will be
limited to architects and professional
educators of high reputation, and that
it will bo closed for entry ou or boforo
January 1, 1013, ull designs and theses
to bo filed on or beforo January 1, 1914.
It is intended that such competitors
shall have at least two yoars during
which to prepare their designs uad
theses in this competition.
An annual prize of $~>00 or more is
nlso to be given for tho best thesis on
a selected and assigned topic involved
in tho general design of the movement,
the competition to be limited to graduating students of the University of
Texas, awards to bo made iu October
each year oi the five-year period. Thero
is to he another annunl prize of $500
or more, in the discretion of the committee, i'or the best thesis on a duly
assigned topic involved in tho general
design, tbe competition to be limited to
citizens of Texas other than graduating
students of the university, aud a prize
of $500 or moro to bo compoted for by
graduating students of ton accredited
universities of other States of tho
United States, of two colleges in Cnnada, of two in England, of ono in Scotland, of two in Germany, and of ono
in Franco,
He is held in esteem and something
By tho worthy folk of a mighty stat
Still for mo the same old grin,
Despite his honors and dignity
(Though the hair on our temples   is
growing thin),
Ab we talk of the times whea it used
to be:
"Hey, Skin-nay 1  C'mon ever."
Mon of tomorrow are boys today;
•Each bas his "Skinny " around somewhere;
But their joys or Borrows, at work or
In the fullest measure we may not
Should I journey  first where we
must go,
And safely win to tho shining shore,
I'll pause nt tho river's edge, I know.
And send bnck tho call ho heard of
"Hey, Skin-nayl  C mon over.
This was tho forest primeval. The
murmuring pines nud the hemlocks,
Planed and veneered, in coats of shellac and now varnish,
Stand like Chippendale "highboys,"
with dainty  lingorio  coverlets;
Stand—full of buckstiot' (for worm-
holes), with drawers brass-ban died
aud polished.
Loud, from the long-distance telephono,
tho deep-voiced, porsistont dealer
Calls in m cents decisive after the
monthly installment.
The centipede—which   really   nover
hns a hundred legs, in spite of bis name
—has always eujoyed a bail reputation,
A Frenchman^ M. J. Kunckle d'Horeu-
lais, recently came to the defense of
this insect in a paper before the Academy of Sciences in Paris.
In thc first place, tho animal is not
poisonous, as is commonly supposed,
Tliere iB only one authentic case of poisoning by tlu* centipede on record for
America. Tbnt was reported by Dr.
Josinh Curtis, of Washington. A woman was walking in hcr room at night
in bare feet nnd was stung or bitten
by a coulipodo between tbo toes. Th
bite was followed by inflammation nnd
severe pain that lasted for thirty-six
hours. Mr. d 'Herculais questions eveu
tbis ease, becnuse tbe symptoms were
very much liko thoso produced by tho
sting of a bee or hornet and also because experiments hnd been made witii
much larger spocies of centipedes and
these were always harmless.
But ho also finds tbo animal useful.
On scvernl occasions he came upon individuals of tbo species seutigera
coleoptruta catching flies and other insects. The centipede grasps tho fly
with tbe front legs and quickly bites it
in tbo thorax, injecting a juice that
kills the fly instantly. When thero are
many flics about, the centipede will kill
several boforo beginning to feed. Instead of chewing at its prey, it sucks
out the soft parts through a puncture,
leaving tho bond, legs, wings, and othor
hard purts.
Another argument for tho harmless-
ness of the centipede is deducted by tho
author from tho fnct that when tbe animal is grasped it does not try to defend
itself, but Seeks rather to escape. It
of tot. escapes by "leaving its legs behind"—that is, the animal nutomnti-
ally throws off a number of legs that
have beeu caught by tho enemy und
limps oil ou the remaining ones. lt
an easily spare a dozen or two of its
thirty legs, for the lost members ean be
Tho centipede is found pretty well
scattered in all parts of Ibe world. The
specie* common in the United Stntes,
seutigera forceps, was reported over
twenty years ngo as devoting the nights
to killing house-flics. And later nn observer detected one iu the act of capturing a butterfly much larger than it-
lf. The insect hides during tho day-
timo under doorsteps or window-frames,
or in any crevice large enough to conceal its numerous appendages.
Memories,    sweet    as tho    breath of
(-onie ns I gaze on the pictured, pnge,
Bringing  tho  scenes of tho  care-freo
When  I, too, dwelt iu tbo "golden
Ences of thoso now in places high;
Voices from lips forever dumb;
And through it all rings tbe treble cry
I used to send to my boyhood chum
u.lcyf Skin-nayl   C'mon over."
.Tust an average, ornery kid,
Loving und hating with right, goodwill;
Action in everything ho did—
That wa* Skinny—a "regular pill.'1
Al feast or frolic, In fun or fight,
Shoulder to shoulder wo won—or fell
Nothing wns ever started right
Until   I   had  raised  the  shrill, long
Incorrect inflation is ono of the most
common causes of tiro deterioration,
says Motor Ago, and to inflate too
much is just us bad ub to inflate too
little. Over-inflation not only subjects
tbe canvas of the envelope to an unnecessary strain, but also robs the tire
of its resiliency. Thus, whon ruuninj
over an obstruction uu over-infiato
tire, instead of absorbing the shock
transmits tho full force of the jolt ti
tho mechanism of tho cur.
First inflate tho tire to the proper
pressure and then mnko tests from time
to time tp assure yourself that the air
pressure is up to tbe standard necessary for a tire of the size used when
supporting its maximum weight. If
the pressure hns decreased the causu
may bo readily discovered. The seat
of tho valve plug may be porfectly
clean, cnusing a leak at that point, or
if the rubber washer at the bnse of tbo
valve cap is displaced, tbe air will
grauually escape Thon, again, if pin
cbers were used in tightening the valv
parts, the screw threads may be dam
aged, causing a leak.
If there is any one thing that eon
tributes mott  towards  premature ttr
destruction,  it  is  undoubtedly  trave
ing on tires thut uro not sufficiently
Many motorists give so littlo care to
their tires thut the first intimation of
their improper condition comes whon a
muffled sound or jolt, caused by ono of
tho wheels coming in contact with, some
hard object on tho road, discloses tl
fact that tho rim is touching th<
Tho envelopo then is pntched, a nc
tube fitted and a garter put ou for
tho purposes of increased strength.
The driver then proceeds to tho nearest
garage, whero a now envelopo is obtained, the damaged one being left for
repair. Nearly always it is found that
the tread is tho only part of tho, envelopo tjmt has not been totally destroyed. Tho beads are foui d to bo
broken or torn nwny. Tbo walls of
tho envelope are scored nnd scrap.id inside and out. Tho canvas is torn nnd
frayed uud hns broken away from tho
rubber. The envelopo has lost its
shape entirely; its soverul parts are disintegrated.   " !
The tube, replaced on the road,
which wus perhapB new or nearly new
when tho journey stnrted, bus beon
torn beyond nil hopus of repair and
scraped and scored all over, some of
tbe incisions being almost no deep ns
the thickness of the rubber itself. All
this delay, trouble and expense is the
direct result of traveling on a deflated
tire, whereas periodic inspection of the
air pressure would have entirely pro-
vented the damage
Always inflate tires with air, never
using gas. Carbonic gus will pass
through rubber thirteen times more
quickly than air. In addition to the
slight enlargement of a new tire aftor
being in use for a few days a fnrtbor
natural decrease of pressure will follow, duo to the escape of oxygon in thc
confined air. This loss sho'ljd be made
up by the injection of more nir. As
this is done tho percentage of nUrogon
bo gradually increased arfd the
liability of blow deflation will decrease
in proportion.
'^Icy,. Skin-nayl   C'mon over '
Wu Ting Fang, who bas taken lib
stand with the Chinese revolutionists,
and aisorts that popular rule must triumph, is very well known in America
having served as Chinese minister H
tho United Btatos nt two different
times, He first eamo to Washington
in I8P7, and was decidedly popular. Ili
was educated in Kngland und practlsoG
law in thc Knglish courts at Hong
ICong. At tho time of tbo Boxer up
rising he worked earnestly to g&VO tlu
foroigu legations at Poking,
Tbe presidential booms, they go ti-snil
ing to tho sky.
Wo  stand in  admiration  of the wn)
that tbey can fly.
But we wonder, oh, wo wonder, us wc
marvel ut tbe sight
.Just where and how the most of thuu
nro going to alight.
They are   up  among  tbe    cloudlandi
whoro tho mighty thunders crush,
'Mid tbo strange illuminations of tbi
lightning's fitful flash;
And some of them will glide to oartl
in -safety— hut n fow
Will   finish   with   some   awful ■bump.
beforo tbe race is through.
Japnueso   den tints    have   introduce
wood as a substitute for porcelain an<
rhinoceros ivory. The wooden tooth user
by the Japanese dentist are renmikabl;
natural   in   appearance    and   in   tht
fine bluish color' peculiar to tho teetl
Years  have   brought  mo  but   meager |°f  *ho  Malay   race.      The  teeth   art
K,0I.(1. hastened  in  place  by a secret procos:
Skinny has waxed both fat and groat. I jealously guarded by its inventor.
Oold sores, chapped hands, ulcers,
and winter eczema are common
troubles just now, and for all these,
ZaiijBuk will be found the surest and
quickest remedy. Sometimes cold soros
arise from chilblains on the toes or fingers, aad in the former caso, whero
colored socks are worn, there is a danger of 'ulood-poiBonlng from the dye.
Zam-Buk bolng ao powerfully antiseptic
removes the danger as soon as applied
and quickly heals.
Ur. W. J. Halliday, of Ash Grove,
Ont, says: "I had my little finger
frozen, and it crackod at tho Ilrst
joint, causing a bad soro, which dis
charged freely and would not hoal.
Tho pain wns-very bad, und tho wholo
of my hand became Bwollon and in
bad shape.
"A friend advised mo to try Zam-
Buk, ami I soon found tlml Zam-Buk
waa altogether iillVn-nt to any pro
partition 1 had over tried, ln a vory
short time it honied the sore."
Mils Lilllo Mny, of Stono}' Crook,
Ont.,(ays: "A fow wcoks sineo, several
misty, disfiguring cold aores suddenly
broke out ou my lips, wliich boenmo
much swollon. Booing my condition, u
friend ndvlsed mo to.try Zam-Buk nnd
leave all othor preparations aside, This
1 did, and was much pleased, after a
fow applications of this balm, to see
overy Horo healed."
Zum-Ruk will also bo found a suro
curo for eczonm, blood-poison, varicose
sores, piles, scalp Korea, ringworm, inflamed put dies, babies' eruptions nnd
clapped places, cuts, burns, bruises, and
skin in juries generally. All'druggists
and stores sell at 50c. box, or post l'roe
from Zam-Buk Co., Toronto, upon ro-
coipt of price Refuse harmful imitn-
tions and substitutes.
Uso also Zam-Buk Soap, 2.'>c. tablet.
Best for baby's tender skin!
Britain's Downfall Foretold
"On yondor liill," cried tlio general,
scanning tlio battleflold with Ins glasses,
"I see a black niasB of men. What nro
"t'amera-fionds," ropliod the second
in commnnd.
"And who nro occupying thai tield
to the Bouth-west?"
"Tbose," answered tlio 8.-T.-C, "'iro
operators i'or the biograph."
"I see a battalion of curiou-i-shiipod
"Tliey are not guns; tliey are gratno<
phonos nnd 'phonographs, in which nre
to bo recorded the ronr of the minions
and tlio cries of the wounded."
"'Tis woll!" exclaimed tho genornl,
stroking his mustache complacently.
"Lot the battlo begin I"
Perhaps the Qermnns would be sorry
to hear that England's suu Is setting,
but ono of their own editors evidently
doesn't think so, for, is the "Deutsche
Rundschau," wo find a slashing article
proving that the British Empire Ib on
the rapid road to ruin, from the pen ef
Count Vay von ,Vaja, a Hungarian
nobleman of prominence .ind literary
eminence, lie is a member of the House
of Lords nnd of tho Moformod Church
Synod of his native land. He declares
ho is t\ friend nud admirer of England,
where he has travelled a good deal. So
evidently ho speaks "more in torrow
thau in anger'' ne he deplores tho passing of "tlio Vietoriau Era," which
wus glorious "in the material well-
being of a gigantic empire" as that ot
Elizabeth was iu "intellectual greatness." lie dates thc time of decline
from thc Boer wnr and layai
"That terrible war was indeed fiuully
docided iu favor of the Knglish. But
nt whut a price! By that agonizing
struggle the wholo nntion was shaken
and the Achilles heel of Englund'b
war-system laid bnro. The hitherto
undiinmcd hnlo of British warlike glory
vanished liko u shadow or a rellectiou
In ono dny. Other tind youngor nations
sprang into prc-cmineuco with unexpected rapidity. Germany and tho United States of America showed themselves   formidable   rivals   to   Kngland,
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not only from a political point of viow,
but in tho domain of commerce. Tho
markets of tlio world woro no longer
monopolized by tho Knglish."
The result was that England grew
demoralized anil discouraged. Emigration to America had opened Knglish
eyes to broader ideas, aud to tho desire
for freedom. These ideas begot tho
Labor party, which sent representatives
to Parliament and propagated Socialism. The Socialists iu public, speeches
treated Parliament us a "more
joterie"; the Ministry was "no safeguard to political freedom," it was a
ring of "bandits or tricky charlatans."
"The crown was a sinecure, a burden
in tho people which should be abolish
id for tho good of tho country." Tho
Oovernment tolerated these utterances
from motives of prudence, but tho ro
suit of them was that "tho Government,
tko law, tho army, tho court, all, in
short, which peoplo had been taught
to respect, were openly trentod with
contempt." This wns antwhy, nnd tho
Count thinks that although Russia /uid
North America have their anarchists,
"it is undeniable that the activity of
anarchism has reached its highest point
of danger among the working classes
of Great Britain."'
Tho change in tho lower orders wns
followed by what this writer styles
"the anarchy of the aristocracy and
upper cluss " Political life is degraded, statesmen are dotoriornHnif,
demagogs and sophists have taken the'
placo of tho Disraelis and Gladstones of
another era. The tide of social and
moral anarchy is setting iu, as is shown
iu "tho contrast between tho diguifled
Court of Queen Victoria and that of
King Edward Vll. and his 'smnrt
Bet. To this eet "America, Australia, South Africa, India furnished
their share of nabobs, nouveaux riches,
financiers,etc." "Tho contagion of tho
royal court spread abroad." "The
most trilling usage of tho King wns
looked upon as establishing an inviolable ralo of conduct." The Court of
Victoria "was founded upon tho noble
principle, 'God ord my Itight' "; in
that of Kdward VII., "people seemed
to prefer tho suying, 'After me the
Deluge.' "
But tho most fatal sign of England's
deendonco is tho predominating influence of the American womnn in society,
of which we read:
"American women are clever in adapting themselves to England's forms
nnd customs. Externally they cnn make'
themselves exact copies of nn English
pattern, und on grent occasions, when
they dou the antique costume of tho
peeress, they produce a fine impression.
But tho individuality remain? out of
harmony nud through all shows tho
spirit of tho 'Yankee.' "
Under thc influence of these enchantresses, "English mornls nnd English
customs disappear, superseded by those
of America. American shops, American
products, and often American bars uro
found in overy town in Great Britain."
Tho Count thus continues his melancholy story: «
"That Americanism makes itself felt
in tho most exclusive English circles is
shown by tho fnct thnt bo many lords
nnd other men of titlo have married
heiresses from the United States. In
this way somo of the highest in tho
land have received a tincture of Yankee
blood, wliich has iulluenccd the character of the present generation—by no
means to their Improvement. Frequently theso new tendencies Hash out
in tho.dispositions of the young. Old
principles become unintelligible to
them, and old traditions are accounted
Idle. There is no respect for anything
which interferes with tho whim of tho
Individual, All restraint and sense of
Obligation and duty are flung aside.
Everybody looks upon himself ns an independent personality, and regards llfo
ns a sort of theatre, in wliich to indulge
in pleasure and dissipation at his own
Hweet will, But in order to enjoy him
self in this wuy u man needs monev
und u large supply of it. Henco the
obtaining of money lias becomo the
loftiest aspiration of tho higher English society. In former times a man
valued his position and w:»s proud of
his ancestors' renown, but now a man
boasts only of his wenlth. Tho best
known families nro loBt right of among
millionaires of the most doubtful
Prom this American influence, snys
this representative of the luughtiest
nobility in Europe, springs what Iio calls
England's "worship of tho Golden
Cnlf." Men despise work, ho snys,
whether it bo in politics or in tho army.
"Tho political official or tho military
man is uot considered to havo embraced
a career of the first rank."   "People
aro shortening tho hours of toil and
prolonging those of recreation." "Even
Sunday is no longer a day of rest."
The consequence is that aa "deterioration shows itself in private life long
before it infects the public administration, so corruption has Beized upon the
moneyed class first." The result- must
be "an enfoeblement of the race, of tho
character and moral habits, accompanied by a laxity of religious principles which ia spreading fur uud
Ho concludes by comparing tho splendor of the Into coronation to a mirage,
a Fata Morgana, rising up amid the
luxury whicli rivals thu dreams of the
Arabian Nights. Ho speaks of Westminster Abbey, crowded with "princes
from East nnd West, nabobs and multimillionaires, with their gold nud bllvor,
their priceless jowolry." Nover was a
coronation so gorgeous, "Who would
have suspected what wus lying iu ambush behind tho scene nnd hidden by
tho trap-door in this magnificent spectacle .'"
The oldor roads in our country, especially iu New England, commonly
lead ouo over tho tops of hills, oven
wliere a shortor way between two
points could hnvo been found by tho
valleys. Tho same thing is true with
regard to tlio roads of England.
Pains have boon takon by moro than
one writor of history to show how tho
English peoplo havo been occupying
lower and lower ground as tho centuries
passed. I'irst, the high lands only wore
loured and cultivated, lt was only
there t' at the soil was dry enough and
warm enough for tillage. Latei' generations occupied the lower slopes, until
now the draiuugo of the country has
been carried to such a point that oven
the fens and marshes can bo brought
under cultivation.
Something like such a courso of clearing and settling marked the growth of
New England, Moro than all else, perhaps, was tlio force of tradition and the
habits of thinking and feeliug wliich
the Colonists brought with thom.   Tlieir
ambition aud pride was to make their
new home as nearly liko the old one as
climate and soil would permit.
It is easy to find many reasons why
the early reads should go over the hills.
It is thero that the soil is dryest, that
the woods ure most opeu and best lighted. From the hilltops views could be
had of the couutry ubout.
If tho first paths lod over the bills,1
and tho earliest clearings were made upon thc hilltops, it was natural that tho
roads should keep tho samo locution to
the present time.
It is u common belief among motor*
ists that the hard carbon residue found
in tho cylinders and on the valves is
tho result of too great a quantity of
[lubricating oil. This is truo to a cer*
'tain extent, but the nurd deposit may
be formed even when the proper
amount ef the best quality of oil is
used. It hus boen found that tho nucleus of this deposit consists of the
products ot imperfect combustion of the
mixture, which collect on tho piston
hoad nud walls of the top of the cylinder iu the form of u sticky mass, This
catches tlio dirt aud dust from tho
road as it is "breathed" into the
motor through the carbureter, nnd tho
resulting compound gradually hardens
until a sufficient deposit is collected to
mako a thorough overhauling nnd valve
grinding necessary. Jt is consequently
important not only that tho proper
grade aud amount of lubricant should
be used iu the cylinder, but the carbureter should bo regulated to deliver
tho proportion of air aud gasoline vapor
that forms tho most perfect-burning
charge for each explosion,
bis work that many musicians in Europe uro enthusiastic over the idea.
Aside from the fact that it is said to
facilitate note-reading, it is expected
in time to reduce the present more or
less complicated musical writing to
comparative simplicity.
This system of musical notation con
sistB of a Bcalo of a dozen sounds, which
nro called la, se, si, do, du, ro, ro, mi,
fa, fe, sol, and uu. These correspond
respectively, tho ln to la sharp or si
flat, si to do sharp or re Hat, re to ro
sharp or mi flat of our present system.
Jt is claimed thut this will finally do
Bank of Montreal
Ninety-fourth Annual Meeting of
Tho Bank of Montrenl has just completed 94 yeurs uf business in Canada,
which in tho history of a young country
is no inconsiderable period. Tho 94th
annual meeting was hold on December
4th, with President It. B. Angus in tho
chair. Jn many ways the mooting was
ono of tho most memorable in tho history of the bank, owing to the fact
thnt tho net profits for tho yeur wero
tho largest on record nnd that tho retirement of Sir Edwnrd Houston us
general manager was announced. Another feature-of moro than ordinary
interest wns tho re-adjustment of tho
values of tho bank premises. For years
these wero valued at $000,000, but a
recent appraisal increased this to $4,-
000,000. Tho $11,400,000 thus secured
waa partly used in increasing the rest
nccount, which now stands at a sum
equal to tho paid-up capital, whilo tho
balance was curried to the profit und
loss account.
Tho total assets of the bank now
stand at $230,000,000, making it ono of
the strongest financial institutions ou
the continent. A moro detailed examination of tho report shows that
the net profits for the year amounted to
$12,270,518, ns comparod with $1,707,992
for the previous year. Tho balance of
profit and loss carried forward for tho
present yenr was $1,8.15,185, or practically doublo the figures for 1910, which
amounted to $001,789. Premiums on new
bnnk stock issued by the bnnk during
tho year amounted to $305,077, whilo
the re-adjustment of tho bnnk premises
account brought in an additional $:J,-
400,000. Thus a total of slightly ovor
$7,000,000 was made available for distribution this year, of wliich $1,410,000
wus expended in dividends, $3,000,000
credited to tho rest nccount nud $708,-
000 to now premises account, leaving a
balance of $1,855,000 to bo carried forward as balance of profit nml loss. A
further examination of thc report shows
that the bank hus deposits beariug interest of nearly $180,000,000, while its
deposits not bearing interest amount
to over $46,000,000. The amount of
Call and short loans in Great Britain
nnd the United States consists of over
$48,000,000, while the current loans und
discounts in Camilla and elsewhere
amount to over $121,000,000, Tho latter
shows ttn increase Of over $9,000,000,
which Indicates tlmt the bunk continues
to do its full share in furthering the
development of the country und that it
continues to grow with tho country.
Tito cull and short lours which the bank
keeps iu Xew York ninl London, while
returning only a smnll rate of interest,
are found to bo u wise provision. The
Call of thoso loans placed In London
and New York is far less disturbing to
Qauadtan business thau if they wero on
call In Canada.
Altogether the showing made by tlio
Runk of Montreal is n very satisfactory one, nnd reflects the highest credit
upon the directors and upon the general
manager, who is now relinquishing tbo
position which he has held for so many
yenrs. His successor will be Mr. IL V.
MerrMith, who has been associated ull
his life with tho bank whoso affairs he
will III future direct.
The address of President It. B. Angus
wns, as usual, a careful resume of the
iiim nc in I, commercial and industrial
expansion of the Dominion, Tho Bank
of Montreal, with its many brnnches
scattered throughout tho country and
its intimate relationship with every
phase of our uationnl life, is ablo to
present authoritative reports regarding
tho country's growth and development,
Without exception, this year's report
by th? president wns full of optimism.
That this wns not unfounded is shown
Many turtles nro to bo encountered in
South American wators all along the
Orinoco, but upon the island of Buonn
Vista nature seems to havo arranged
everything for tlio turtle's convenience,
and tho nunfbor of the creatures is thoro
very great.
Tlio Island is about u league in length
and is surrounded by sloping banks of
snnd. In this flue sand tho turtles deposit tlieir eggs, whicli nro hutched
out by tho heat of the sun.
Some timo in tlio month of Fobruary
thousands of turtles come out upon the
shoro of the island as well as upon the
neighboring hunks of tho rivor and begin promenading up and down as if ascertaining whero it is entirely safe to
lay their eggs. But they do not begin
laying until March. Then thoy dig a
number of little holes in tho sand, in
which each female deposits from oighty
to one hundred and twenty eggs. .
The natives declare that the turtles
will not begin to lay their eggs until
tho Southern Cross, which is tho characteristic object of the firmament In
the sunt hern hemisphere, is completely
formed—that is, not until the four
stars which form the cross have moved
on through the heavens until they are
perpendicular to tho horizon.
Jt is reported by u member of ono exploring expedition iu Venezuela thnt at
midnight, wheu the turtles wero boing
wached by the naturalists, the great
mass of the creatures had gono buck into the river without laying, leaving but
a few of their eompauious behind them
to act as sentinels. But nt half pnst
two iu tho morning, ut tho momont
whea tho Southern Cross seemed exact.
Iy perpendicular to the horizon, a great
commotion was perceived on the shoro
of tho rivor nnd tho turtles wero com
iug out in battalions.
They scattered rapidly in every di
roction, digging up. tho sand, laying
their eggs and covering thom, apparently taking great pains to leavo the surface aa they had found it.
Tho members of the expedition captured three of thoso turtles, tlte shell
of one'of which measured eighty-five
inches iu longth by twenty-three in
width. Its weight was moro than six-
ty-soveu pounds.
Tho natives capture large numbers of
the eggs of theso turtles, as well as
of the creatures themselves, which art*
used in the manufacture of a kind of
Tho appearance of the turtles upon
the beach nt the npnrent moment of
the eompleto formation of the Southern
Cross on each night during their laying season, is, of courso, duo to coincidence, and tho superstitious natives
connect the two circumstances just as
the ancient 'Egyptians connected the
setting of the constellation Arcturus
with tho rising of tho a iio.
Mrs. T. G. Alexander, of Hawthorne,
nftor twelvo yenrs' suffering, tells
the public whnt they are doing
for her
Hawthorne, Out., — (Special).—
'Thero is nothing like Dodd's Kidney
Pills for a sore back." Thnt is the
Statement Of Mrs, T. O. Alexander of
this place, nnd all Iter neighbors agree
thnt she should know. "J suffered i'or
twelve years from n pnln in my back,
Hlieumatisiii and Heart Dleoaao," Mrs,
Alexander continues. ''1 was always
tirod nnd nervous and m\' stoop wus
broken ninl unrefreshitig. Since taking
Dodd's ICidnoy Pills 1 am feeling so
much bettor that I feel I must sny a
good word for them.'
No matter how long you hnvo suffered Dodd's Kidney Pills cannot, fall
to help you if your trouble is of the
Kidneys. If you uso Dodd's Kidney
Pills early tho curo will be quick. If
your trouble- is of long standing it will
tako thom longer to cure yuu. But they
always cure. People from nil purls of
Canada who have beon cured aro tell*,
ing about it in the newspapers almost:
every day.
away with tho system of sharps and
flats as wo know them in playing and
reduce tbe writing of music to three
simple signs, notes on, above, or below
tho line, und some slight modifications
to express duration, intensity, base,
treble, etc., more exactly than at pre
Tho keyboard which iu timo will accompany this system of notation is
adapted to pianos actually in uso, there
boing no differences between tho spaces
of whito and black keys. Tho la is indicated in azure, while the new scute
tones (du and ro) aro designated by
wliite linos drawn down the centre of
the blnck keys.
A company of motlou*ploture actors
nud actresses gave a performance of
"Chantecler" ou tho grounds adjoining
the suburban studio of a tlliu-nuuiufne-
turiug company. A Httle later ouo of
tho actors, out for a walk camo upon a
man seated by the roadside and weeping bitterly.
"Whnt's the matter?" Inquired tho
sympathetic player.
■"I'm ono of tho patients nt the sanitarium for bugs over yonder," explained tho despairing one. "Yesterday tho
doc said I was well—boo -hoo—and that
I could leavo in a day or two. Ami
what do you suppose I saw this morning1. Boosters and lions six feet high,
and talkin' just like humans! If I get
away from that sanitarium in ten years,
I'll bo doing mighty woll."
A Standard Medicine.—Panuolco's .
Vegetable Pills, compounded of entirely vegetable substances known to have
n revivifying and salutary effect upon
tho digestive organs, have through
years of uso attained so eminent a position that they rank ns a standard
medicine. The ailing should remember
this. Simple in their composition, they
cnu bo assimilated by tho weakest
stomach und aro certain to have u
healthful and agreeable effect ou the
sluggish digestive organs,
are new end entirely different from ordinary preparations. They accomplish
their purpose without disturbing the rest of the system, and are therefore tho
Ideal laxative for the nursing mother, as they do not affect the ohlld.
Compounded, like all NA-DRU-CO preparations, by expert chemists.   If
unsatisfactory we'll gladly return your money.
25c a box.   If your druggist his not yet stocked them, send 25o. and we
will mall them.
As we descend in tho scale of animal
life we find that what kills the higher
animals dues uot injure tho lower. Cut
u polyp in two, and yon have two living
polyps, instend of ouo dead polyp.
Break off n lobster's claw, and another
will grow. You may, it has been said,
freeze a fly, but you cannot freeze it
to death, Thero nro Infusoria culled
"wheel animalcules." Theso rottfors
have many curious qualities, among
which is tbat "f suspending animation
for an Indefinite period without ceasing
to live.
Colonies of rotifers mny bo desslcated
und rendered apparently lifeless; nnd in
this condition Ihey mny bo kept for
months and years, and possibly centuries, A single drop of wator will re-
re them to life, and the wheel-hearers will instantly resume their functional activity precisely lit tlio point where
it wns broken oil'.
Considerable attention is being given
in tliu musical world, especially in Europe, to n uew system of notation invented by ;i mnn from Atgontino Republic and adapted to a new series of
keys of which ho is nlso the originator.
Nearly ten years ago ho tried to got
his system recognized, but could not
conquer tho indiil'ereiu'o of musicians;
now, however, ho has so Improved upon
saves your face.   With it you can shave ns fast ns you
like—no cuts—no scratches.
Auk your denier tn show you thfl GILLETTE.    Tf he hat not the goods
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you ure aupplied. „. -.. . FTT-
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OF CANADA, LIMITED. nllver - pUtt-d  rn: or
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'Til send Dominion Express
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—that's what I'll do"
A happy solution of the gift problem.
Dominion Express Money Orders arc cashed
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K sending Christmas money abroad, use
Dominion Express Foreign Cheques* Tbey ure
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Dou't risk money in a letter—especially
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raoitey to nil parte of the world. 22
I On iuii* in all
• AUn at Pru« Storea, etc.
B conveniently located fn lhe larger towna.
Strangled with Asthma is tho only
expression that seems to convoy wlmt is
endured from nn attack of this troublo.
The relief from Dr, J. D. Kellogg's
Asthma Remedy if beyond measure
Where nil wns suffering thore comos
comfort and  rest,
_^^_^^^^_ Breathing becomes
.  normal and tho bronchial tubes coin-
by the bank's record for 1911, which plotoly cloarod. This unequalled rom-
was tho most successful in tho 94 yenrs et\y in worth mnny times its prico to all
of its history.                                  ' who uso it.
Horses Founder
Basil)' thi'Nc busy ciiiya. Thoy bocotnu " overlies tod." Ths blood
{."ts lunl. Sonto nm- lum blundorodi A foundorod horie in poor
proporty   it  he   "CpflHN'**'*    "M '" JllK1 right  to oorreot
don't tel help, ai "iin J il,irt disturbance umi nbnor-
mul condition. H mm directly on dm bipod. Cli-ruiRi-H tbe
whrilo system. Glvo it *nm. nn for din tem pit. For ohtekeo
cholcrn put into ground feed in innijrhs. The $1 contains mora
i i     nvl f iin' fine sine.   AH liiinririHiH or tnnnnracturert.
srdHN HEOICU GO. Chemists and Bacteriologists, GOSHEN, INO., U.S.A
Plaat«r Board tnkos ths pluco of Lath, and is fireproof.
Tho "Kinipre" brands of Woodflber nnd Hardwal)
Planter for iitmti oonstruotion.
The Manitoba Gypsum Co., Ltd.
ullislifd   every   Saturday   »t  Cumberland,  B.O.,
ir Prinking & Publishing Company
Charles C. Segrave,
Managing Editor,
THR MUNJM?!., miIlITtH.AS'1),
***",B8'M—*-^-r-n   ■ —         ■ w**me wiiii
SIR EDMUND WALKER, C.V.O., LL.D., D.C.L., President
ALEXANDER LAIRD, General Manacer
CAPITAL, - $10,000,000
REST,-   $8,000,000
Advertising rules published elsewhere in the paper,
Subscription priee 81.50 per year, pnynble in advance
The editor does  not  hold   himself responsible for  views expressed hy
What the Editor has to say.
Our esteemed friend, the Cumberland News, has made a
horrifying discovery—a veritable Bogey iu the Conservative
woods at Courtenajr. Being the first and only one to discover
this disselitious monster, the Ne\V.-> i.i entitled to great credit.
However, it should he careful how it monkeys with the fearful thing,    lt might bite.
Thk Hev. Mr, Laff'ere again testified to his earnest desire
for the beneficent influence of a public library hy appearing before the new council Monday evening with n resolution endorsing the proposed library act which is to be introduced this present session at Victoria. The Isander is glad to note that the
council is in accord with tbe proposed legislation and unanimous
ly»passed the resolution. It will be properly engrossed and
forwarded to Victoria. Following is a part of the proposed act:
"A Public Libray may be established in any city or in any
township or dist riot municipality, in manner hereinafter provided.
"The council of a city or of a township or district municipality upon receipt of a petition signed, iu case of a city haviug
a population of over 5;000, by at least 100; in the case of a
city having a population of 5,000 by at least 50, and in the
case of a township or district municipality by at least 25 elec
tors, shall prepare and submit to the electors a by-law in the
manner provided by the Municipal Clauses Act.
The Canadian Bank of Commerce extends to Farmers every facility
for the transaction of their banking business including tbe discount and
collection of sales notes. Blank sales notes are supplied free df charge
oa application.
Accounts may be opened at everv branch of The Canadian Hank et
Commerce to be operated by mail, and will receive tbe same careful
attention as is given to all otber departments n( the Bank's business.
Money may be deposited or withdrawn in this way us satisfactorily as
by a personal visit to the Bank. < 'm
OUVIh   ■LAND BiiAefCH,       W. T. WHITE, M mnger.
(o Ibe nent Iraty'slip r f prow, ihjr hue Urn nuahle to make
Ihelr lalldfliiery ip rail) ap prcn is d. They bore, however, to liaie
ih. If 'n'l rM'' oh nl matt, ip rnurpp *,f n week r r s>>
It it not too late to order NOW for this shipment.
Vancouver Island Nursery Co.,
Somen os, V.I.
Is SIGNING and endorsing the petition for a government
wharf at Roy's beach Monday night, the oouncil did the right
thing. It is possible that a memorial hy that body addressed to
the powers that be, would also have great weight. This is a
very important matter to Cumberland, as it is to the whole
valley. Undoubtedly, the resources surrounding Cumberland
are great and rich; but, until they are developed, until they
are utilized we get no benefit from them, uer does the government. Though a million acres of land and coal and timber lie at our door, of what avail? Man gets nothing from these
things till Mau uses them. They cannot be used properly with
o.tt proper transportation facilities. This wharf means the mini idiate settlement, the immediate use of nearly 3000 acres of
laud. It means increased revenue in taxes, and it means greater conveniences, greater facilities for those already settled here.
There are other matters which should he looked to hy the
citizens of Cumberland. It is hardly fair that we should lie
down upon the council, but as at present there is no other public body to take hold, we suggest that the council d ) ho. It is
to be regretted that there is no board of trade. We have a
beautiful customs building but no ollicer, It is past finding out
why things should be thusly, but it is growing exceedingly irk
some with no customs offlcar nearer than Union Bay, and lie-
sides itis a woefull waste of all that money tied up in the build
ing. lu our opion the new minister of customs would not stand
for it a minute if lie were acquainted with the facts.
Another thing that fills us to repletion  with  that   tired
feeling, is the fact that tliere is no express ofllce here.
Can't we all get together and improve things a little?
Five minutes from sehool, postoffice nnd
store, one mile of road frontage, one-fourth mile
from beach, three miles from Comox. Price;
$35 00 per acre.    Easy Terms.    Apply to
The Island Realty Co.
Fire, Life, Live Stock
. . . Accident.
Phone 22.
Courtenay, B. C.
Ail Into of Hauling Done
First Class Bigs For Hire.
Orders Promptly Attended to
Pilsener Beep
The product of Pure Malt and
Bohemian Hops
Absolutely no chemicals used
in its manufacture
Bottled Beer Supplied to the Trade Only.
==8est on the Coast ^=
Pilsener Brewing Co..    Cumberland, B.C.
A good assortment of Berry Sets,
Fancy Cups and Saucers, Mugs, etc.
just opened out, also an assortment
of Toilet Sets.
A Full Stock of, Furniture Beds and Bedding Always on Hand.
"The Furniture Store"
A.   McKINNON      Cumberland, B.O
McPhee Block
53ca6nciX &^Inx>aif e$
Offices: Comox & Courtenay.
Agents for E. & N. Lands,
Comox District.
Beadnell & Tliwaites
Display Advertisements
75 cents pri' column inch per month.
Special rule for half page or more.
Condensed Advertisements
1 cent 1 word, 1 issue ; minimum charge 25 cents.
No accounts run for '.his class of advertising
"Leading Tobacco King."
Better known as
Dealer in Fruit8, Candy, Cigars
and Tobacco.
_:___. Billiard ^oom in connection
Thin! Ave.
a Specialty
Grocers & Bakers;
Deilers in all kinds of Good
Wet Goods
Best Bread and Beer in Town
Agents for Pilsener Beer
:   :   :   CEIYED   :    :    :
Up-to-date Merchant Tailor
Courtenay, B. C, Next Door to Opera House
White Cookine
and While Help Only,
Everything First Class
Barrister,   Solicitor   and
Notary Public.
The right place for a good square and
^M 1
It Means s
uccew.  It is Favored b7 B<une FeopI@
yon posted ©a tt<>ra@ affa|r!
S   1      IUT AGENT
The   Russell
Tlic-only ('nf Mmle
iii    America   \\ith
the "Silent Kiu'mIii
VnlveleSfl Engine,
Also untile in wil
\_i_zrlT    WA^
j All Work Done under1 ** * R^p~C ^^SS
Personal Supervision        oULrCji Eo
Orders may t>6 .. ,-t IM VIS & WHELAN,      PfOpS.
John Jack' store,
Dunsmuir Avanno   Cumberland
nov JN
Cleveland, Brantford, Miueey-Hnvrln Twr««
IHoyatet, Sewing Machines, (inus, ,j.
„   .,   '      ' mi-Aiii:. „,i,i ,v,,,/,,
/l »«»r / lm tor Until, Carriages    //„„,,„ , „. ■/■ ,
JIllilD STREET, CUMRERUyO,       '
'I Skate* ground
<(**•••••  *-*»<^*r-««J
\  A   AMI***      *.•* -	
, CUMBERLAND, ti. „    ,
v>""s L >" No   11, I. o, o. v.
M»„ia every Friday eveningM laoloe.
I     '   " '>• *  "dl    Visiting bretlnr,
I mnc tin*.
I lis   IJ   Avion, d	
Third St  & Penrith Avenue
All kinds of hauling done
First-class Rigs for Hire
Livery and team work promptly
attended to
r ~1. -
and^ We have many lines that
we Must clear up Before the
End of January
Great Reductions on
Men's heavy Shirts,
lane Wool Socks,
Fall and W^te* Overcoats,
Lad.es Cats, SKirts, the very'latest
Furs, Children's Bearskin Coats Un
Great bargains in L&TSS^iUe and n*
Curtains, Chenille and Ta^S TaM^K^
Come.in and see fo, you^elf £ aUwS Sk""
The prices will do the rest. THE ISLANDER, CUMBERLAND, B.C.
Throat Becomes Diseased
from Neglecting Colds
Then Catarrh Sets iu, Mucous Drops
Into the Stomach, Coughing, Headaches r ti Debility Follow
Tbat ttio best method of curing catarrhal diseaso consists iu using Catarrhozone is uow freely admitted!
Catarrhozone is infinitely superior to
cough medicines, tablets, sprays and
emulsions, which for the most part aro
of no practical value except to ease
tho rough for the time being. Often
liquid cough remedies contain opium,
inorphin; anil cocaine. With Catarrh*
ozone you take no drugs—you employ
nature's way—just iuhule Catarrh*
ozone's soothing, healing vapor and relief and curo will follow promptly.
Weak Throat, Racking Cough Cured
"For Ave years I suffered from a severe bronchitis. A harsh, dry, racking
cough kept my throat in a raw condition from one year's cud to another.
Bofore going to Bleep at night I always had a had attack, and in thc
morning before each breakfast I BUf
fered greatly. My voice was harsh
and raspy, and sometimes I found it
difficult to maao myself understood.
Catarrhozone seemed to soothe and
heal from tho first day. It cured me,
and now I wouldn't think of being
without a Catarrhozone Inhaler—it
moans life to me."
The above experience is related by
Mr. Alexander 1\ Savary, of Hamilton,
Pa., and proves the effectivoneFs of
Catarrhozone, wliich will cine overy
cough, cold, bronchial or catarrhal attack. The dollar size of Catarrh*
ozone contains two months' treatment
and is guaranteed. Smaller size 50c,
sample size 25c. All dealers, or The
Catarrhozone Company, Buffalo, N.Y.,
and Kingston, Cauada.
That Reminds Ne
The recent agitation against smoking
automobiles, resulting in city ordinances making the drivers of such cars
liable to Hue, is not based on mere sup
position that such smoke is dangerous
to the health of thv community, but
rather does analysis show that this exhaust contains the very poisonous carbon monoxide. £o poisonous is* this
gas, in fact, that a proportion of two
parts of carbon monoxide to oue thou
sand of air is considered dangerous to
breathe. While it is not probable that
such a proportion could be obtained
from a small number of motors running in the opeu air, a garage or other
inclosed space could be rendered uninhabitable in a few moments. Consequently, while the streets may not be
made actually dangerous by smoking
exhausts, the public health is certainly
not benefited thereby, and thc man who
prevents the stifling gases from issuing
from Ins car deserves the gratitude of
the community.
,   DODD'S  >
V RLG.*T-s Di*f fe!jjgi
Disappearing landing wheels, which
fold up withiu the chassis, feature a
new aeroplane.
* «    «
"Is his fiancee fond of him?" askod
"1 should say so," replid Maymio.
"Sbo thinks as much of him us she
does of her engagement ring."
w tt «
"So you resigned?"
"Ves.   I couldn't stand the way the
firm treated me."
"What did they do?"
"Took my name off tho pay-roll."
There wore built in France, during
1910, no fewer than 1,300 aeroplanes,
with a combined motive power of (10,-
000 horsepower, and the distance covered in (lights at aerodromes reached
a total of 310,083 miles.
• «    •
"Judge, I simply have an irresistible  impulso  to  steal."
'' I have those irresistiblo impulses
sometimes," said the judge. "1 have
out' right now to send you to jail* Sixty
days." fm
i  Unthor'o   p3rQC  noClrilMllKl State, has caused them to eome Into
A  ITI Ul NOI 9   UfllOO   UqOUUUIIO general request for small carriages, aB
to Health
Mrs. Wilkinson's Latter Gives Advice
That Every Mother Oan
Well Follow
tSTABUSH.D IB8a\^__^yrf
Cor. Portage Ave. and Fort St.
Awarded first prize nt World's Ex
position on its work nnd methods.
Writo for a freo catalogue. We nisi
give instruction by mall.
<•(!.Swol'l'-n V<-Ihh,Milk
(MilNiiri-it, I.Icith. ft
i, etreniiiljunlpK ii"'l in*
pain ar.il Ini.iMmiiillun
" '-""-" •■•"'■■ - ,,.
*,f,YOONO,PJ).P.,tl0tyininiIlldfl^ Montreal, Ctn,
fill iatiojui. iturti * runiiiii, ro.. «i.,Si|Wg *uh
pqri me IMLMBWI bum, uo, Ud. fuw>i»,
Vanishes Forever
Prompt Relief-Permanent Cnre
fail.   Finely vegetable—act surely
but ({eat!/ o*
tbe liver.
dinner      M_^
cuteindU^       I
gallon— improve l*na complexion — brighter
lhe eyes.   Snail Pill, Small Dom, SaallPric*
Genuine wmim Signature
Tho master was asking questions—1
masters ere apt to nak questions, nml
they sometimes receive curious answers),
This question was us follows: "Now,
boys, how many, months hn\ o 28
days.'" "All of them, sir," replied a
boy in front.
Foreman (calling up to workman):
"T'hwat are yez doin' up thero,
Casey: "Oi'm layin' bricks, av
i'oremnn: "Be jabcrs! by the stillness uv ye yer raoight be layin' eggs!"
Teacher (reading aloud): "Tho
weary sentinel leaned on  his gun ami
stole a few moments' sleep."
"1   bet  I  know  where  he  stole  it
"Where, Dot?"
' r'rom his 'nap'-sack."
"1 see our genial friend Fish has
got a part in this new play," suid .Tores
Of the Victoria Club to hia fellow-member Smith,
"Ves, an emotional part—for him,
that is to suy. In tho big scene he hns
to refuse 'i drink."
"Phwat a1- ye doin' in here?" said
the policeman to the old woman peddling apples iu the corridors of tho
State Capitol. "Don't ye know peddlers ahr not allowed in here?"
"Plaze, sor, an' I'm only tryin' t'
make au honest livin \"
"Well, if thot's th' case, go ahead,
Sure, an* ye won't have any competition."
«    *    *
It was an emotional drama, in which
tho heroine wus tearfully deploring the
death of hcr lover, who had bcen slain
in a duel by the villain of tho play.
"What, oh, what," she hysterically
cried, "is left for me now? What is
left for me now?"
And the shrill voice of the vendor iu
the gallery seemingly made reply:
"Cakes, chocolates; cakes, chocolates!" .
A strapping German with big beads
of perspiration streaming dowu his face
was darting in and out the aisles of a
Philadelphia  department store.
His excited actions nttrncted the attention of all the sales-persons, and
they hardly knew what to mako of it. A
hustling young man of tho clothing department walked up to uina and asked:
"Aro you looking for something in
men's clothing?"
"Nol" he roared, "not men's clothing;  vimmen's clothing.    I can't find
my  wife!"
*    #    *
A Cincinnati lawyer reccnty remark*!
cd that the juryman, who, toward the
end of a very long trial, wished to!
know what the terms "plaintiff" and!
"defendant" signified is not alone in I
hia ignorance. Tlio lawyer mentioned
tells of a man whose cunt had been
stolen, lie had charged a suspicious
looking person with the theft.
"Vou say that this man stole your
coat?" askod tho magistrate. 'Do 1
understand that you prefer charges
against him?"
"Well, no, your honor," respondod
the plaintiff. "I prefer the coat, if it's
nil tho samo to you,"
Old Tom wns industriously plying his
hammer on a wooden contrivance under
the Kitchen window in tho backyard,
when a neighbor failed to infpiiro after
his wife, who had been unwell for aome
time. Tho old chap's reply, however,
wns drowned by somo one iu the houso
coughing very loudly.
"Poor dear, poor dearl 1 8'pose that's
'er eougbin', ain't itt" cried Lho sympathetic old lady.
"Na, na, ma woman," replied the
aged toilor, eurvoylng his handiwork
proudly: "it ain't u colHn; it's a  Vii-
From her home in Newton, where sho
resides with her largo family, Mrs, Wil
kinsou writes: "For years 1 wus palo,
aiuemic and lucking in vitality, I was
a constant sufferer from indigestion,
and thc distress nnd pain it caused me,
coupled with cver-inereusing nnannin,
made mc weaker day by day. Constant
headaches, specks before the eyes and
attacks of dizziness made mo feel as if
life were not wortu living, My cousti
tution was completely undermined and
the c instant pallor aud dullness in my
eyes showed whut a sick woman I was.
I began to tako Dr. Hamilton's Pills
aud the improvement, although slow,
was sure.
"I gradually got back my strength
antl my appetite grew much stronger,
and I cujoyed my meals thorohguiy.
I felt happier and more contented and
the sickly palloi* of my face was replaced hy a blight, rosy color, which
proved that a strong medicine was at
work. In a few months Dr, Hamilton's
Pills brought mo from a condition of
deathly pallor to robust health."
Vou ean obtain the same results by
using Dr. Hamilton's Pills—beware of
tho substitutur that offers you anything except Dr. Hamilton's Pills, 2£ic.
per box, or five bo>:cs for $1.00, at all
dealers or the Caturrhozoue Company,
Kingston, Ont.
A merry little party had paid tho
customary too cents each to fish in the
river which run through old Farmer
Crop's orchard. It" wan a warm day,
and ono of the anglers suddenly expressed his intention of having a Bwitn.
Farmer Crop, however, coming up at
lliat moment, objected strongly to anything of lho sort near Ids houso. Then,
with n wink to his companions, the
wag drew Fanner Crop's attention to
the notice-board, which read: "Admission to river ten cents."
'So you see," remarked tho joker,'
prior to taking a header. "I'vo paid for
it, so hore goes."
Thon Farmer Crop pounced on the
bather's clothes. "\\v reckon yo paid
for yer eloas an' all, mister," ho chuckled, "an' thoy'ro goin' in, too."
And they did, ovory stitch, amidst
roars of laughtor.
lle was large, robust, and in thc full
Hush   of   manhood.    From   his   ragged
Corns cannot exist when Hollowny's
Corn Cure is applied to them, because it
goes to thc root aud kills the growth.
whiskers to  his  patchy  boots he was
strong and lusty.
Pound his neck he carried a placard
upon which appeared tho inscription:
Tho bald, cruel statement touched all
who observed, and through its agency
the beggar gathered to hia family coffers $5 por diem.
A Hri.stolian, who helped the man liberally in Bristol, came ncross the follow
in Cardiff. Ho was still wearing the
same placard, though it was five years
"Vou ought to bo ashamed of yourself" exclaimed the benefactor. "Only
six months to livo? Kot! You said that
years ago!"
"Weii,"   growled   tho   beggar,    'it
isn't my fault.    If the doctors make
mistakes I can't help it!"
Cheerful Old Idiot: "I say, you'll ox-
cuso me, but d'you know that you aro
tho thinnest policeman I've over
Robort: "Yes, I'm a new hand, and
haven't got to know tho cooks yet!"
i ir     e     *
Mr. Honpeck: "Are you thc man who
gavo my wife a lot of impudence?"
Mr. Scrapper: "I am."
Mr.  Heupock:   "Shake!     You're   a
it   »   *
A German shoemaker left the gas
turned on in his shop one night, and upon arriving in the morning stru&t a
match to light it. There was a terrific
explosion, and tho shoe-maker was1
blown out through the door almost to I
tho middlo of the street.
A passerby rushed to his assistance,
and, after helping him to rise, enquired
if ho was injured.
'lhe littlo German gazed at his place
of business, which was now burning
quite briskly, and said:
"No, I aindt hurt. But I got out
shust in timo, eh?"
With the Horses
Although originnily, no doubt, tho
term Barb was applied to tho horse of
Barbary, and of Arab to that of Arabia,
tho words aro now used so loosely that
it may bo interesting to consider what
the Barb now is, snys a writer iu the
London Livo Slock Journal. Regret is
felt among French agriculturists that
nt the recent show of breeding stock mf
Paris th to was no special class for ouo
of tho typical French, or ratlior colonial
products, the horse of Algeria. At the
big show at Vincenues in 1900 he held
an important position. Three prizes
wero then given i'or stallions aud four
for mares, in all to tho vnlue of £840,
They came mostly from tho district of
Constantino, and wero well-knit specimens, up to Id hands, with suflicient
bono and of! strong und healthy physique.
Since thut lime, in spite of some errors of judgment in unsuitable crossing, persistent and methodical attention
has wooded out defects, such as tho
'hooping croup, and without destroying
tliolr usefulness for army remounts,
generally tho first consideration of tho
An Oil That Is Famous,—Though
Canada was not tho birthplace of Dr.
Thomas' Keloctric Oil, it is tho home
of that famous compound. From hero
its good name wns spread to Central
and South Amorica, tho West Indies,
Australia and Now Zealand. That is
far afield enough to attest its excellence, for In all thoso countries it is on
salo nnd in domnud.
they are found to bo very enduring,
tractable and easy to manage. Their encouragement may savo the necessity of
importation in large quantities of in*
ferior auimuls from Russia and America, and, most unsuitable of all for army
remounts, from Hungary. If a critic
might find fault with the lightness of
their second thighs he could not but
admire the splendid forehand anu fine
shoulder, that important point so often
faulty, and the courage combined with
docility. As a French paper puts it,
"They are tho typo of a saddle horse
which includes everything as tho
greator contains the less, for a saddlo
horse eau always bo driven, but seldom
enn the harness horso be ridden." That
is certainly my experience, as I havo
driven scores of hunters and hackneys
with satisfaction, but nover had a good
'' feel" on a Cleveland or Yorkshire
buy under saddle,
In criticising tho photographs of the
Barbs allowance must be made for tho
fact thut thoy are of animals in a natural state and not "fakod" for the
showring. Well would it bo if the committees and judges ut our shows would
put down a heavy foot upon monkey
tricks. The beautiful Barbs from tho
Province of Oran, no doubt tho geutlo-
nieii of the party, are perhaps loss suit-
od for actual service thau thoso of Constantino; but, ou the other hand, thoir
merits as sires aro more fully established, and thoy are considered tho
model of the type to bo aimed at.
Somehow, in our minds tho Barb and
Arab is always a grey, whereas they
vary much in color, and it is curious
to recall tho Arab superstitions in this
respect, in which, no doubt, some grain
of sense founded upon experience is
hidden among some amusing chaff. Of
thoso quaint proverbs, half poetical and
half religious, while as well practical, a
few may bo mentioned briefly here:
Select tho spotless wliite like a silken
flag, black around the oyos.
The black should resemble night
without moon or stuiB.
Desire the chestnut; when he flics it
is the wind; the Prophet himself preferred tho chestnut.
The bay should be nearly black or
Tho dark grey (pigeon grey) should
resemble the stones of tho river,
V* bito is the color of princes, but ill
stands tho heat.
Black is a lucky color, but is ill suited for rocky ground.
Tho chestnut is tho lightest; if a mau
tells you he has seen a horse lly iu the
air, believe him if he says it was a
Tho bay is more hardy and temperate; if you aro told a horso has leaped
ovor a precipice without injury, believe
it was a bay ono.
Of course, many curious and interesting legends accompany these. Tho unpopular colors aro as follows:
'The piebald.—Avoid it as the plague,
it is tho brother of tho cow.
Tho dun with black hairs brings bad
luck; no chief will mount one, nor tho
tribes let it remain for a single night
among" them.
The roan is called tho pond of blood;
its master will bo taken, aud will never
take others.
Then comes much quaint loro as to
markings, tufts of hair, some forty in
number, twenty-eight trifling, twelvo
important, six lucky, and six bringing
bail luck to tho owner. Foolish as it
might bo to take theso traditions seriously altogether, and though we may
say that a good horse is nover of a bad
color, yet these are founded on long experience, and provo the Oriental's love
of the horse, wiiich, indeed, ho has for
many generations evolved for us as tho
foundation of our thoroughbred stock
throughout the world.
Stilt the question remains to define
exactly what the Barb is. Perhaps the
tendency hns been to draw too defined a line between the Barb and the
Arab horse. It is, in fact, correct to
uso either word for tho Kastern raeo,
that great family whose origin is lost in
the depths of antiquity, and which hns
beon so developed, extended, and in
turn modified by varied breeding, cli-
vnnto and training, ns well as the purposes to which they havo beon applied
and other influences. Strength, activity, vigor, endurance and courage are
the attributes of the tribo from Morocco to tho .Caucasus, thenco to the Euphrates throughout tho land of Islam
is found thc faithful companion of tho
Arab man regardless alike of starvation
and fatigue. Call bim as you please—
Persian, Numidian, Barb, Syrian, Arab,
no mattor whut tho family name should
be, still the horse of tho Kast. His motto might well bo the proud words of tho
Arab song, "Ho conquers hunger, ho
conquers thirst."
Celluloid is a species of solidified collodion produced by dissolving guncotton
(pyroxylin) in camphor, with tho aid
01  heat ami  pressure
Tho guncotton is ground in wator to
a Quo pnlp in a machine similar to that
used in grinding paper pulp. Tlio pulp
is then subject ed to powerful pressure
in a perforated vessel to extract tho
bulk of lhe moislure, but still leaving
it slightly moi.st for tho next Operation.
This consists in thoroughly incorporating finely comminuted gum-eum-
phor with tho moist guncotton pulp.
The proportions employed aro said to bo
ouo part by weight of camphor to two
parts by weight of tho pulp. With this
mixture any coloring matters required
can now be incorporated.
Tho next step is to subject tho mass
to powerful pressure) in order to expel
from it the remaining traces of moisture, and Incidentally to effoct also the
more Intimate contact of tho camphor
with tho pulp.
The dried and compressed mass is
next placed in a mold, open at tho top,
into which fits a solid plunger. A heavy
hydraulic pressure is brought to bear
upon tho plunger, and at tho same time
the mixture is heated to a temperature
of about threo hundred degrees Fahrenheit. ,
When tho mass is takon out of the
press it hardens and acquires the extraordinary toughness and elasticity
which are the distinguishing characteristics of the product.
Among its many uses celluloid ia very
largely employed as a substitute for
ivory, which is imitated with great
success. Tortoise-shell, malachite,
mother-of-pearl, coral, and other costly
material" are also so successfully imitated that the average person can hardly detect the original from the copy.
Celluloid ie aho used as a substitute
for porcelain in the manufacture of
dolls, which will stand a great deal of
rough usage without breaking.
In Japan until within recent times
the sword was considered a badgt; of
the aristocracy. The etiquette tbat regulated the wearing of the long and the
short sword was expressed in a number
of minute rules.
The most trivial breach of these
minute observances wns often the cause
of murderous bfnwls and dreadful reprisals. To touch another's weapon or
to come into collision with tho sheath
wns a dire offence, and to enter a
friend's house without flrst leaving the
sword outside wub a breach of friendship.
Ho whosi position justified the accompaniment of an attendant invariably left the sword in his charge at
tho entrance, or if he wero nlono it
wus usually laid down at the entrance.
If removed inside this was invariably
done by the host's servants; and it was
not touched by the bare hand, but with
a silk napkin kept for the purpose.
Thi sword wns placed upoa a sword-
rack, iu the plnce of honor near tho
guest, and treated with all the politeness due to nn honored visitor who
would resent a discourtesy.
To exnibit a nuked weapon was a
gross insult, unless when a gentleman
wished to show his friends his collection.
To express a wish to seo a sword was
not usual unless the blade iu quostiou
was of great value, wheu a request to
bo shown it would bo a compliment.
Iiiiil Worker's Experience
Some time ago I came to thia place to
work on the canal and through inclement weather and exposure contracted
the worst kiud of neuralgia. The pain
would fill my forehead so that I coald-
n't see; it waB just awful. I went te a
druggist in town and was advised te
use a 50c. bottle of Nerviline. That
was the best advice and the best medicine I ovor got. I will alwitys recommend Nerviline for any ache or pain. It
is so strong and penetrating it is bound
to cure.
(Signed) A. B. GIORGI,
Trenton, Out
Doctors will tell you that nothing but
the purest and most healing antiseptic
drugs are usod in Nerviline—that's
why it is so safe for general family
use, for tho baby aB well as the parent,
lf you haven't tried Nerviline, do bo
now—your neighbors are almost sure to
know of its manifold merits aud usee.
No child should bo allowed to suffer
an hour from worms when prompt relief can be got in a simple but strong
remedy—Mother Graves' Worm Kxtcr-
Tho sword would then be handled
with tho back toward the guest, the
odge turned toward tho owner and the
hilt to the left, tho guest wrapping the
hilt cither in the littlo silk napkin
alwayt* enrried by gentlemen in their
pockets or in a sheet of cleau paper.
The weapon was drawn from the
scabbard and admired inch by iuch, but
not to tho full length unless the owner
pressed his guest to do so, when, with
much apology, the sword was entirely
drawn uud held away from the otber
persons present.
After being admired it would be carefully wiped with a spoeial cloth, sheathed, and returned to tho owner as bofore.
The short sword was retained in the
girdle, but at a long visit both host
and guest laid it aside.
Do not lot a cold settle on your lungs.
Resort to Bickle's Anti-Consumptive
Syrup nt the first intimation of iirita-
tion in the throat and prevent diseaso
from lodging in tho pulmonary organs.
Neglected colds are tho cause of untold
suffering throughout tho country, all of
which could have bcen prevented by
the application of this simple but
powerful medicine, The priee, 85 cents,
brings it within tho reach of all.
Tk Famous JSdS/b Lamp
The Rayo Lamp is the best and most serviceable lamp you can find
for any part of your home.
It is in use in millions of families. Its strong white light has made
it famous.    And it never flickers.
In the dining-room or tho parlor the Rayo give* just the light thtt is most effective. It is a becoming lamp—in itself and to you. Just the lamp, loo, for bedroom
or library, where a clear. Heady light it needed,
1 Thc Rayo ia made of solid brass, nickel-plated; alto in numerous other styles sad
finishes. Easily lighted without removing shade or chimney; easy lo clean andrewkk.
Aik your dealer to show you ha lino o( Rayo limps; or write for descriptive circular lo any agency of
The Imperial 03 Company, Limited
This Benton tt la Imperative for the farmer to got every cent pcaslble out of hla (rain,
and an w<j have boen in the grain biiBiui'sa Bince 1682, wc ahoiild he able to offer the farmer
thu best adrice possible on the subject of marketing his grain to advantage The closing
ot nAVigatiou is uo argument why grain Bhould be lower In price. Write us for full particular how to uliip grain, and also why we contend that markets should not go lower.
Send us a 6 or 8 ounce sample of your grain and we wilt grude it ana advise you Its
real vnlue. Vou will then bo convinced, when you uiuko comparison with street prices,
that this It the only proper way to market grain. We are licensed and bonded, aud we
UNDKItSTAND thia buiness TIIOKOl mil,Y, ami thut COUNTS.
Inference: Bank of Hamilton, Winnipeg, Man.
NOTE.—Fanners who are near enough the Oreat Northern Railway to load ears with
barley should write us for particulars about shipping >to Minneapolis. We are netting our
farmer cuBtomtrt, who can ship barky on thiB road, from 10c to 15c per bushel more than
by shipping to either Fort William or Port Arthur, besides paying tho :i0c per bushel duty.
Qrain Kxch*nff«
Winnipeg:, Man.
Owing to no math unfavorable weather, muny furuiurs o.er Western
Canada bave leathered at laast part of their crop touched by froat or
otherwise weatkot damaged. However, through the large ahortago In
corn, oata, barlejr, fodder, potatoe* and vegetable!, by the unusual hent
and drought of laat summer in tbe United States, Eaatern Canada nud
Western Europe, there ia going to be a ateudy demand ut good prices
for all the gruin Weatcrn Canada uuh ruiaed, no matter what ita quality
may be.
So much variety in quality nmltea it impossible for those leaa ex
porienced to judgo the full value thut ahould be obtained for audi (train,
therefore the farmor never Blood more in need of the sorvicea of the
experienced and reliable grain commission mnn to act for hint in the
looking after aud selling of his grain, than ho does this eeuson
Farmera, you will therefore do well for youraelveB not to accept
atreet or track prices, but to ahip your grain by carload direct to Fort
■William or Port Arthur, to be handled by ub in a way that will get
for you all thero ia in it. We make liberal adranoea wben desired, on
receipt of shipping bills for cars shipped. Wo never buy your griflu on
our own account, But aet as your agents in selling it to the best advantage for your account, and we do ao on a fixed commlaaion of lc per
We havo made a specialty of this work for many yeara, and are
well known ovor Western Cauda for our experience in the grain trade,
reliability, careful attention to our cuatomera' interests, and promptness
in making settlements.
We invite farmeri wfco itt.* aot yot employed us to write to us for
shipping instructions and market information, and in regard to our
standing in the Winnipeg Grain Trade, and our financial position, we
beg to refer you to tbe Unioa Bank of Canada, and any of its branches,
also to the commercial ageneioa of Bradatreete and B. O. Dun * Co
703 Y Grain Exchange Winnipeg
Mrs. Saunders' Principle
(By Cora Maynard)
The house waa of the "cheap apart-
meat'' order—five stories high and
without as elevator. On the first floor
lived a fat woman wbo passed all her
spare time—and Bhe had much of It—
strumming' waltzes and apparently
brought up her family exclusively on
a diet of onions. A bride aud groom
had juat moved in on the second floor,
the third was tonantless, and the fourth,
that directly under her ^own, was oc-
oupied by a quiet, unobtrusive, middle-
aged maa of single estate. He boarded
with tbe people who routed the apartment aad who bad gone away for tho
summer, leaving him in charge—all of
which information the janitor's wife
had volubly imparted to Margaret.
Bbe aad hor step-sister lived on the
top floor and "did their own work,"
uot from choico, but under the com pulsion of small moans. Margaret was tho
alder by flvo years, a music tonehor,
and tbs main support of tho household.
It was a fact whieh she lind noticed
many timos, though its logic sho had
uovor discoverod—it*.wns a fact that
ovory woman labeled at baptism witb
the name Margaret seeniod reserved
by destiny for saintship. With a sigh
she thought of ber own successful efforts in that direction and of tho last
one in particular. Only n few duys
ago she had sont Maud, the stop-sister,
to the mountains with money saved for
ber own much-noedod holtfluy, Sho
had had a wintor of hard work aud
small remuneration and longed for the
luxury of green fields and tho rest of
idle, sweet-scented couutry days; but
Maud complained of being tirod and
run down, bo thore was nothing to do
.but to surrender to ber the coveted
change of scene and uir. Tho Bame
thing had happened in just the same
way many times beforo.
Left behind with her sense of duty,
Margaret felt the clouds closing in
upon hor loneliness more densely overy
moment. To escnpo their oppression
she actually thought of going down
and calling upon tbe first Iloor fat tenant who had mndo overtures of sociability, though sbo i'olt suro the woman
would oiler au onion or play her a
Margaret was twenty-eight years old,
but in spite of compulsory saintship
did uot look a dny ovor eighteen, a
fact due, no doubt, to bloud hair that
waved eaptivatiugly, deep blue eyes,
.uid u skin lino uud soft as a baby's.
A square little chin explained ber ability to stand up aud defy all the trials
life had seen fit to assign her.
What a dreadful world it wus, any-
, howl It gavo nothing. Everything
had to bo bought, bought with money—
pleasures, opportunities, benefits, and
friends. Sho used to cherish the illusion thut ono thing ut least was gratuitous—love. But sbo was mistaken, as
bor stepsister bad at last convinced
hor tbrougb a form of affection only
responsive to favors received. Margaret
sprang to her feot, brushing ber baud
across her eyes. Lovef Huh! Sbo
wanted none of it. Sbo'd grow hard
and cynical, petrify into a sharp old
maid und lavish upon eats uud parrots
the remnants of what might bavo been
devoted tenderness if any human being
had valued it.
"Vos, it's nil a question of monoy,"
sho meditated, "cold, comfortablo
money, und that's what I'll pray i'or
aftor this—being so likely to get it,"
sho added, sarcastically.
She looked defiant, but felt secretly
ashamed of her lapse into sordidncss,
Ir was so hot she hud not lit the gas,
but a flood of* moonlight shone i|uwn
from tho clear sky antl filled the room
witb a soft brightness. And—yos, it
was ronlly so—a little puff of wind
stole in at the window, just a littlo
baby puff of fresb, cool air that kissod
her forohead and thou went out ngain
lint another came right after it and
then u stronger one. In a few minutes
a steady, ncoan-born breeze was fanning tbo heated, panting city from
river to rivor. Margaret threw herself
into a cliuir and felt ber spirit calmed
by tho wind 's caress.
The mother of ono of hor pupils, a
Mrs. Saunders, had once told her tbat
if she wanted anything, from a paper
of pins to a planet, all she had to do
in brder to got it was to sny sift bud it
then nnd thero, to keep un saying it
persistently, ami it would not, could
not fail to materialize into ber actual
possession, Tho lady was a "mental
sciuiitist." ;lt was sublime to bear
"ilow convenient!" Murguvot bod
answered, "but 1 don't think I grasp
yon" plan, Mrs. •Saunders."
"It isn't a plnu, it's n principle,'
Mrs.  Saunders  had   replied  [iDprossivO
ly.   "Why, I've demonstrated •-"
" J lemons tra tod/"     said     Margaret,
ques tlo ti ingly.
"Vis," said Mrs. Bfttfudora, "that
moans got it. I've dfiltionitrotfld a
fur lined eoat, a Dresden dinner set,
and a new cook with it. 1 know one
woman who's furnished ber house from
top to bottom by it."
"Hear mc, liuw delightful it must
be! But I suppose it's a vory dillicult
thi 112  to do?"
"It's tho easiest thing in tlio world
when you know how—a mere mattor
of belief and concentration. Von bring
Whatever you want into visibility by
belief and concentration."
"Oli!    Into visibility?"
"Vou sit down asoi'ton as you can
overy day" and. declare for it with conviction, '' ,
"Declare for it? I seo. But whoro
do the things como from? Just out of
"No, no, no, my dour," Mrs. Sauu-
ders had explained; "they como in au
orderly manner through natural channels, Vnu only open the wny and attract them to yoursolf."
Margaret had failed to gather a vory
clear conception of wlmt Mrs. Saunders waa talking about, but it seemed
simplified by a successful practice of
hor "principle."* Thero bad beon no
trilling about Mrs. Saunders; she had
tyjon in dead, unequivocal earnest. A
look of delcrminatiou camo into Margaret's face.
"If I'm an idiot nobody will kuow
it," she soliloquized. Then ahe began;
"I've a hundred thousand dollars"'—
there was no use skimping—she'd do
it on a big scale if sho did it at all—
"I've a hundred thousand dollars, now,
this minute"—sho said it fervently,
vehemently—"I'vo a hundred thousand
dollars, I've a huudred thousand dollars,
I've a Lundred thousand dollars—I wonder how long one mitst keep it up!—
I've a hundred thousand dollars. It
seems aB if it might grow monotonous
—I've a hundred thousand dollars, a
liundrod thousand dollars, a hundred
th usnnd dollars, a hundred thousand
dollars, a hundred thousand dollars."
It began to sing itself rhythmically
to a droning cadence, theu aftor a
whilo it seemed to huvo a soothing
effect, liko repoatiug tho alphabet or
counting up to a given numbor ovor
and ovor nnd ovor. Quietly, peacefully, sbo was floating off on the gold-
tipped wings of hor hundred thousand
dollars into tbo blissful realms of suspended consciousness when tbe doorbell rung and scattered into limbo the
shadowy form of hor drowsy fancy.
Who in tho world could it be? Hor
acquaintances wero few and sho raroly
hud callers. She rose quickly, gavo tho
woman's inevitable little touch to ber
hair, and went and opened the door—
opened it, to her extreme surprise, upon
hor unobtrusive noighbor from the floor
bolow. They bad met on the stairs
several times and he had politely raised
bis bat, but courtesies had gono no
further. As he stood there iu the doorway Margaret noticed in him, as she
always had noticed, tho air of breeding
and grace of manner marking him out
unmistakably as a gentleman; though
he must bo a very poor one, else what
would he bo doing in this dwelling-
placo of limited incomes?
"I—I beg your pardon for tho intrusion"—ho was painfully disturbed by
the souse of it—"but I—er—the fact
is. a groat deal of water has been coming through tho kitchen coiling, and I
thought—I wondered—"
"Oood graciousl"
He stood for a moment uncertain
what to do next, then followed her
dowu tho hall.
"Good, gracious!" Baid Margaret
agaiu. Tho kitchen floor had become
a miniature lake. "It's the tubs—I
put somo things to soak and forgot to
turn too water off. Ohl I am so sorry!
Has it dono much damage?"
"Novjr mind the damage," he answered; "wo'II got your kitchen dry
first." .
And that is bow "it" began, for
evidently when two people hove mopped up a kitchen floor together thoy can
no lougor stand to each other in the
relation of strangers.
Before ho left she decided that gray
hair gavo bim an addod air of distinction and that ho was oven bettor-looking than she bad ronlized—handsome,
iu fact.
Arthur Wardell was his name in full.
Sho wns glad it was not Thomas or
James or Andrew, for iu hor innermost
soul Margaret was romantic.
They wero sitting iu ber small drawing-room, whither he had ascended aftor
dinner to pass au hour iu sucb sociability as tho situation offered, for thoy
bad long ago disclosed to ench other
a fund of geniality unsuspected of tho
world. Also Margaret had discovered
that he was as simple-minded and guileless as a child iu the mutter of petty
conventions; nnd, with scant respect
for them herself, promptly droppod
them from ber own scheme of life; so
his first intermittent visits fust lod to
a customary evening chat wliich thoy
both looked forward to as tho chief
event of tbo day. His attitudo toward
hor wus unique in her experience. Iio
always culled hor Margaret, and did it
with tho samo fatherly familiarity with
which lie would havo called a small
girl in short skirts by her Christian
name. At first sho did not know what
to make of it, nor how to adjust herself
to it, but theft) was no denying that it
was pleasant, lt mado hor feel very
young and induced a buoyancy of
spirit which was vapidly undermining
the gravity befitting a worn uud weary
teacher of elementary music.
Uu the particular evening in question,
however, cheerfulness seemed in abeyance, overpowered by tho hush of something momentous ou the way. Mr.
\Varde*l!'s faco woro au expression of
extreme seriousness, not to say solemnity. |[e looked so long uud so fixedly
ut her thut she begau to linger tho
leaves of a book and to feel stupidly
embarrassed. Jt was j-idicitlous, and
she was ashamed of herself. Thore had
nover beeu Ihe least thing in his behavior to justify such simpering foolishness.
Ho leaned forward. ".Margaret," ho
said with hesitation, fur he was a dil-
lideut, self depreciating gentleman —
liad ho uol beeu, his progress through
life would bavo been less obscure, more
triumphant— '' Margaret, yon know
something of my lifo. Vou kuow all
aboul my brother John und how ho
turned mo adrift, un iuoxperiencod,
penniless boy, without homo or parents,
because my itleus of right woro different -'rom his, and you know that iu tho
eyes of tho world 1 was a fool and do-
served nil I've suffered since You
know, too, that I'vo nevor boen a sue*
"Ves,' said Margaret, acquiescent
through  pure discomposure.
"I received a letter this morning.
It was n great shock. John is dead."
Uo paused. "Tt scorns out of pluce to
mention it so soon,, but It is nbeessary.
lie has left mo a most generous legacy.
I had no idea of his ever doing such a
thing, lie has ignored my very exist*
once nil these yoars. Mgrnuetr
ciiee all those years. Margarot, I'vo
become a comparatively well-to-do man,
and that's why I can speak to you tonight."
Never in lier life beforo had sho
failed so signally to rise to tho occasion.
She murmured something nbout being
sorry and nbout beiug glad aud then
gavo it tip and remainod mute.
"What I am going to say ia verv
serious—a proposition I want to make.
At this juncture she blushed violently
and turned over a great many leaves
of the book. Fortunately he was look
ing away from her just then into
"Much as I have it at heart—and it
means more to me than I can possibly
express—1 shouldn't presume to put it
beforo you if 'I did not feel sure it will
enable me to add in every way to your
comfort and happiness."
"Thank you," said Margaret feebly.
You needn 't give me au answer tonight.     I want you to think it well
There being nothing Bhe could answer
yet, nothing put in plain, answerable
language, that is, she remained mute.
"Of courso such a thing would havo
been out of the question bofore. Now
it's different; now I have something to
offer you, I can mako boiuo return for
all you've dono for me."
Kven nt this critical moment it soem
ed a strange way of putting it.
"You've mndo tny lifo vory bright
during these weeks; I've been very
Again he paused, but what could she
say yet?
"Our relative ages fortunately make
it quite feasible. 1 am forty-five, you
know. To bo pertoctly pluin, which I'm
afroid I haven't beon yet, I—I want
to adopt you."
Margaret started bolt upright and her
eyos expanded into n bewildered stare.
Poor Mr. Wardell looked at her in
crestfallen dismay.
"Does it seem so impossible to youf
Is it becauso you don't like me well
"Adopt mo!"
Could any man's simplicity go to
such astounding-lengths? The evidence
of ber own ears wus scarcely crodiblo,
"And wha—wha—what should I call
you? Fapa?" She laughed nervously,
uot at all mirthfully.
"Woll, no, I suppose not. Uncle
perhaps would do."
"Mr. Wardell, you are not an octo-
"I'm docidodly middle-aged. Is it
tbat you don't think I'm quite old
enough? I'll call myself sixty if it
will make any difference."
"People of forty-five don't adopt
grown up young women."
"You nro only a girl,"
"Peoplo of forty-live don't adopt
girls, and I am twenty-eight."
"Twenty—" He wus too astonished
to round out the number.        '
"Yos, twonty-eigbt."
"Why, Margarot, you're not twenty-
"Indood, I am, every year of it."
"It's incredible. I'vo thought of
you, I've treatod you ub a mere child."
Ho became woefully confused at the
"As to your being old," said Margaret, "it's ridiculous."
"Forty-six in a few months."   .
■ Tho prime of a man's life."
"Of some men's, I suppose, but look
at my gray hair."
"You'vo bushels of it."
"Look nt my faco, seo the lines in
it, Margaret. Why, I've folt n hundred ' '—ho stopped abruptly—'' until
lately," he added, us if making a discovery. Thon bo gazed, at her with
such a rapt expression iu his eyos that
hor own could not meet it. "Sometimes," he snid, "sitting hero with you
I'vo forgotten the long yoars that havo
gone and have almost felt my young
manhood come back to me. The uld
enthusiasm hus throbbed iu my heart,
tbo old sweotness and poetry bave
some-how slipped into my lifo agaiu. It
is yon who havo restored thom to mo.
It's been terrible to think that sooner or
later something would surely happen to
take you from here aud 1 should be
left alone ngain with only the dust and
ashes of a beautiful memory. Then
when John's letter camo I saw a way
to keep you with mc always and free
you forever from drudgery and privation. But, of courso, it's impossible,
His faco was very sail, his voice had
a wenry ring in it, just us it used to
havo before ho had lieeomo revitalized.
"Ohl" said Margarot, and thero must
have been something unusual iu the
"ob," for it mako him start forward
and peer eagerly into bor faco, yet with
tho hesitancy natural to undervaluation
of himself.
"Margaret, what did you think I
"Nothing, nothing at all," said Margaret mendaciously, but she turned
nway with such extreme confusion that
even he read upon her flushing cheeks
a great, unbelievable possibility.
Was it within the bounds of sane
hopo that the ono evident way to keop
Margaret with him for liio was not ah
surd, preposterous? His eyes grew
dark, lie forgot his diffidence, forgot his
self-depreciation, only folt his manhood
aud his manhood's need. Hope swept
everything but Margaret into oblivion,
ami he was no more original than ure
others of his sex on like occasions.
"Margaret, .Margaret, 1 lovo you,
Will you marry me/''
She liad drawn away a littlo and was
looking at him with a wonderful light
in her uyes ami a wonderful smile ou
her lips.
"You'd never havo thought of adopt*
ing me if it hadn't boon for tho
"How could I havo thought of it?"
"I'd have marriod ynu without a
penny if you M asked mo. It must
nave been plain enough."
"1 could never havo bolievod it,
never have imagined it. No," ho said
reflectively, "I owe it all to John and
his liundrod thousand dollars."
"His how much?" Margaret stared
at htm whli round, startled eyes.
"A hundred thousand dollars."
Sho held her breath. "It's supernatural," she said in an awed whisper;
then she confessed the explanation of
thoso O.vorfiowed kitchen tubs that had
brought him diflidently to her door
while he snt heedless of the flood,
"declaring" a hund rod thousand dollars "info visibility."
"Somo people might call it coincidence," she said; "I call it a miracle."
Then she looked at him silently. She,
wus thinking that as a "natural channel" he wan unuqunllod on earth, but,
that the greatest miracle of all was the
love that bad come unsought. Love,
lavishly given, was no lougor a fable
to luy aside with tears and disbelief.
She has nover tried to operate Mrs.
Saunders' principle again. She feels
it is ono of those things which Bhould
be regarded with circumspection, and
nover experimented witb lightly or on
trivial occasions.
0 Summer, weep to bco this havoc
By cruel winds that hato thy benison;
Dead crocus and tbo broken daffodil
Make sad the earth; no glowing blossoms thrill
To dawns of tenderness and eyes of
Snow chills the surly sky and gales do
never cense.
Only the primrose in her harboring
For gentle welcome thou shalt find to
All els" thnt raised to thee a jocuud
Lieth a-dying or is porishod.
Kortb's strewn  with    ruin    of the
young-eyed Spring,
Dirges nre all the songs our braveBt
birds can sing.
My garden  bides from bonven  her
sorrowed fuco,
No garden now;    rather   a burial-
For tender infancy that laughed in
Beauty and innocence and hope aro
Something that huteth Ood's fair nni
Hath set on April's brow the wintor
of its curse.
'Tis wanton, 0  'tis wanton to de
This slender loveliness Ood made for
Me who did turn the first year'a timorous eyos
From winter's grnvo to spring's re
surgent skies;
0 winds, yo  make Him broak His
ancient word,
Whence somes your pow'r to flaunt tbo
everlasting Lord?
A Mere Guess
A Suffrngetto
May fight and fight
Aud still look under
The bed nt night.
[Birmingham Age-Herald.
But if she found
.A  burglar there,
She'd yank him out
And pull his hair.
[Boston Transcript
And while she bad
The robber's goat,
She'd make the laddie
Pledge his vote.
[Youngstown Telegram.
Or maybe she
With couruge grim
Would pause to make
A speech to bim.
[Chicago Keeord-Hcrald.
Why not propose j
(If sho Would wed)  <
And marry the guv
Beneath the bed?
| Spokesman-Review.
If that guy wero
Nat Goodwin, ho
Would marry hor
[Springfield Union.
And if it wero
Our Colonel Grocn,
He'd quickly beat
It from the scone.
[Houston Post.
In fact if he
Hnd any head,
Sooner than marry,
He'd drop dead.
Maud Muller on a winter dny
Got on tho scales and took a weigh.
Her brows  wont  up,  tho scales went
Maud   Muller   stood   and  said,  "Oh,
Straight fo a Turkish bath sho ran
And cried: "Iteduco me, if you aan."
They steamed, thoy rubbed, they pounded Maud
Who felt herself too thick and broad.
Hut   when    'twas   dono,   they   sighed:
"No use;
Vour weight wo simply can't reduce,"
She banted then, nhe lived on gram,
Hut found hcr dieting in vain,
She  walked  ami  wnlkod, sbo  climbed
tho hills,
\nd paid the health professor's bills.
She ffrew ns firm and hard as nails,
And weighed the same upon thu scales.
With   Indian   clubs   she   sprained   her
And broke her moi her's bric-a-brac.
She rolled upon her bedroom Iloor
Until her form wtis bruised und sore.
She drank no waler witb her meals,
Vet still she mude dents with her heels.
Tn the work of constructing wnxen
cells the boos long since solved A com-
plicated mathematical problem. They
build cells of regular bIzo on two opposite sides, using the minimum' quantity of materia! and doing the work
at a minimum cost of time and labor.
Tho human cell-builder of such nn edifice Would be forced to mnko a enro-
fui. estimate before attempting to
divide a surface into numerous equal
and contiguous compartments,
Tho human builder has chosen the
hexagon us Ihe easiest form to tannage.
The bee, who is supposed to lmvo no
means of calculation, has chosen the
same form. She builds her six-sided
waxen prism on a hoxagdnnl base to
correspond to three identical tiers of
prisms directly opposltoj nnd she so arranges her work that the inclined nnglo
of tho prism balances the weight of tho
Htrutlture, while it permits :| maximum
of solidity. The bees know that the h»ca
goanl prisms must nut be perpendicular to the general surface, because ns
the surfilee  is vertical when  tho cells
are finished larvae would fall out and
honey run out.
Nothing ia more curious Uinn the
work of the bees when they bogin to
construct their honeycomb on tho ceiling of an empty hive. Tho colony installs itself in line on the ceiling, hook
ing themselves thereto by their claws.
When the first line is firmly fixed, a
second line takes its place, each beo
hooking herself to tho feet of the first.
So tier by tier tho colonists of that
ono hive form a regular array in which
all tho heads of the little masons aro
at the same equal distance from each
otber. While tho ranks are forming
and aligning in working order, othor
bees go and come, currying tho biuld-
iug material—small laths or blades of
wax produced by tbo workers from
glands on some of tbo abdominal rings.
As fust as tho wax is produced it is
seized by tho carriers, shifted first to
their middle clnws, then to thoir fore
claws, and then passed to the mandibles
whore it is masticated and molded with
saliva and passed on to the masons.
In tho ardor ef their busy work
tho carriers drop some of tho blades,
aud these nro picked up ns fast as they
fall by boos stationed on the floor to
koop watch and to prevent wnste; and
its fast as tbey are raised from tho
floor they nre tucked under that part
of tbo-collector's head which corresponds to the chin of the human being.
In this way, currying tbo wax undor
their chins, the watchmen mount nud
turn over thoir burden to tbo wnx deliverers. .
As soon as the flrst tier rtf celia ia
finished febrile activity .seizes the col*
ony; the hive hums.ahd tho bees aro
sbeti pushing and erovJWng in tho zeal
of labor. In every cell is seen n beo
hard at work in its wliite caso of virgin wax, t »•• *« * •   I »«<
Tho tier of cells destined >.to* serve Ms'
cradles for the porker b'eos is built in
cells specially constructed for workers
—the lay sisters who do the household
work of the society. But besides tho
cells of,the female servants—the non-
producers—thero are two other kinds
of cells—those of tho mnlos and those
of tho mothers or "queens." When
the wax masons havo built a largo part
of tho new tier of cells and placed some
of the partitions farther apart, with intermediate juncture cells, they build
on the samo tier cells of tho samo appearance, but much larger than tbo
workers' cells. Tho largor colls hre
for tho drones, ami their proportion is
ubout one-third of tho wnole numbor
of colls.
Tn somo cases, when the colony is
about to swarm and to emigrate to a
distant point, the workers build a fow
largo cells, and in them the mother of
the hive lays eggs of large size, the
larvae evolved from which receivo special nourishment; nnd tho bees thus developed aro perfect females. They are
tho mothor bees of tho new colony, or
females wbo remain in tho old hive
and tako the placo of tho departed
Scientists attribute tho copstructivo
knowledge of the bco to instinct acquired by heredity through thousands
of centuries. But when bees aro
hived under conditions never known
in nature—when, for instance, beos nro
put into ready-made, artificial hives
containing nothing but cells of workers
—tho bees do not Settle down to business. They look about tbo hive and
study it. If there is tbo least spaco
between the tiers of cells nnd the sides
of tho hive, thoy set to work and construct males' cells—cells much larger
than workers' cells. If there is space
nbove the hive, although the beo never
normally places males' cells nt tho
top, tho dissatisfied workers set u tier
of males' cells above tho top tier.
Tf thero is no spaco in the artificial
edifice where the indignant bees can
build males' cells according to their
notions of what honeycomb ought to be,
the females enter the artificial cells and
deposit workers' eggs in every cell. All
tho cells contain workers' eggs; not a
male's egg can be found. After a
time the colony notes the lack of males.
Then squads of masons, specially detailed for the emergency, break down some
of the partitions of tho workers' cells
and build the large cells known to tho
bee mothers as suitable for drones'
eggs. It, is possible thnt the ordinary
work of bees is accomplished by instinct, but the work performed by tbo
bee in times of crisis seems to be actuated by nothing less than reasoning.
When tho uso of the car is given up
for tho cold weather season, tho car
should bc jacked up off the tires, some
air let uut of tbem so ns to reduco the
pressure, and tho whole washed very
thoroughly, particular attention being
paid to the removal of all traces of oil.
The Automobile is authority for the
statement that water does not harm the
tires or t..e rubber composing them ia
the least, but oil and gusolino do. In
case it is desirod to go into the matter
a little further, nnd do a moro thorough
job of putting tbem up for tbo winter,
proceed ns follows':
After washing thoroughly, tako the
tires off the wheels, take the tubes
out of thc shoes, pnint the inside of
the shoe nnd outside of the tube with
graphite, wrap both very carefully in
cloth or heavy paper, paper over cloth
being the best, then store iu some dry,
dark place, preferably whero tho torn*
perature is very eveu all winter and
not far from HO degrees Fahrenheit.
Light is a great enemy of rubber, as ia
also hent; by putting tho protective
covering around the tires, then keeping them away from light and heat,
there will be absolutely no deterioration, no matter how long they may bo
kept put awny This method of pro-
coduro is really worth the time it takes.
Of courso, none of the ordinary nils
used for paint bodies would be suitable
for this purpose, us they would rot the
rubber. What is meant by painting
with graphite is that it should bo up-
plied in its powder form.
Four thousand school children in
Northamptonshire, Kngland, joined in
a movement to deiorate Christmas
trv's, for tbe-birds last year, hiving,
rocs in tljeir homo garden's were hung,
Vith''"meat''bones/suet, split co'coanuts*"
nnd other dainties. Grain and other
seeds wore scattered about on the
ground, and pails and pans of wator
wero supplied. The birds camo by
thousands aud feasted, The supplies
were daily replenished through the
holiday season, tho expense being bome
by Mrs. Sherard, a Virginia nby birth,
now mistress of Guilsborough Hall.
Here tho park is devoted to birds, and
they live thero in great numbers and
variety, as a result of Mrs. Sherard'a
efforts to attract them.
Why do not we iu Canada co-operate? By concerted efforts wo can get
the same results. '
An actor who had beon out of work
for many months aud was very much
run down at the heol—who did not oven
hnvo a nickel to his name—heard that a
mummer.of bis well-known capabilities
was needed in a theatro thut supported
a very fine stock company. This theatre wub located in Westchester, forty-
five minutes from Broadway, by the
New Haven route, and about five
hours by foot. The actor was desperate for employment. Buttoning up
his Prince Albert coat and summoning
nil his courage to his support, be struck
out from Forty-second street for Westchester. Whon he reached the theatre tbo manager welcomed him with
open arms. "Of all the actors in the
world," tho manager exclaimed, "you
are the ono I most preferred." Thy
actor beamed with as much delight as
his famished condition would permit,
but with dignity ropliod: "I board you.
What do you wnnt mo to dot" "Of
course, you know that in al) stock
companies actors must dress tholr own
parts?" "These many years havo I
been aware of that," acknowledged
the' actor. "Well," continued tho
manager, "this is a new production.
You will have the fattest thing in tho
piece. In the first act you are on a
yacht. You wear a cream serge outing
uit, commodore's cap, canvas shoes, silk
negligee shirt, and a flowing necktie.
In the second act you wear an Knglish walking coat, trimmed with ,itlk
braid, graj vest with pearl buttons,
pln*Stripqd trousers, patent leather
Bhoes with gray, spats, a wing collar
with a'fourdn-mnd tie, a top hat, and
carry ,a gold-headed cane. In the
third act. you wear a dinner suit, and
in the last act you wear full evening
dress. The luttor must be particularly proper and immaculate." The actor
regarded the manager seriously for a
minute, pondering for a second upon
his poverty, and then remarkd: "In
God's name, who wrote this pnrt—
Hart, SchnlVitcr and Marks?"
!J T*m i
An Innovation in Oil Heaters
The Perfection Smokeless Oil Heater, wilh its
drums enameled in turquoise, is cn ornament to any
room, whether in the country or cily home.
No hornft is quite complete without a Perfection Oil
Heater. It is a necessity in the fall and spring, when it is too
warm to start the regular heating apparatus, and too cool to be
without heat. In the midst of winter it is often convenient as
an auxiliary heater, as there are always some cold corners
ia a house. ;
The enameled heater always presents a nice appearance, as the
enamel will not taini li or burn o(f. It is not an " enamel paint," but it
is tlic same as tlio enamel of your cooking utens.ls.
The Perfection is the most reliable and convenient portable heating
device you can lind.   An automatically-locking Byne Spreader prevents
turning the wick high enough to smoke.
Dealer, everywtt'       A,^t yotil. to .how
, >ufmrcnKWnH*~lerMaJMMtH orVlft,
ur dcciipiive circular to toy «uency of
Tbe Imperial Oil Conpmjr, Limited THE ISLANDER, CtJMRKfcLAtfD, n.r
The Magnet Cash
Watch This Space
@ttmforfcm& #afc.
RltHHRP8 * JH>K, PreprUton.
When you want a good choice meal cooked to
the King's taste give ua a call    .    .    .     ■
We wish our many friends
and patrons
A Happy and
New Year
and hope that the year
1912 will be a prosperous
one to all.
McPhee & Morrison
Courtenay B. G.
The   BEST Machine on the Market
and sold on EASY TERMS	
JEPSON BROS., Diatrict Agenta, Nanaimo, B. 0.
C. Segrave, Local RepriKtUatm, Cumberland, B. 9-
Decorator, Paperhanger
All Work Promptly
,.. Attended to...
Resilience, Penrith Avenue
Cumberland,   15. (J.
Comox Assessment Diitrict.
.(CTtUnce with the Sutures, that Pr—
V iuoi wl Revenue T»x, and nil hbb-rbk!
ruei and Income T x and School T x,
aMflued and levied under'the "Asaetis-
ment Ant," nnd Amendments, are due
and payable on the 2nd dny uf January,
1912. All tuxes col Uot ib e fur the Com
• •x Amendment District are due and pay
able at m> office, situated at the Gov ern •
ment Officii, Cumberland. This notice
in term* of law [is etj iv.-lent tna pei sun
aldt-matid by me uj»m. all persons liable
f <r taxes.
Daied at t umberlaud, 8. 0., tl-e ISth
dtyof Januaiy 1912.
Deputy As*eHsor and Collector* Cninx
Asseasinmit Distric , ( umberland Post
Mn. Simma will give tenons on the
piano at her li uae in .lerupuleni, formerly
owned by Mr. .times Stewart, nn nnd
after Monday, March 4th—until then in
Camp at usual.
Mflppv "nl<"* y™ ,ee
J1\al I y like it but if you
du, be sure to order your w.eJdinn invi-
ationi at The Inlander Office. Samples
it this otticj
Visiting cards at the Isl in lar o!
DON'T FORGET the grand 11 C.
League Football Game, to-morrow, Jan.,
Kick off at 11 a. ni. Collection at entrance to groundi.
The B. C. Oarage and Machine Shop
for auto and gas engine lupplie* and repairing
Some 6 feet show cases for sale. Silent
Salesman style. Cheap, at your own
price.   Apply at The Islander Otlice.
LOST—A bunoh of keys. Finder vill
pleaae return to this office and receive re-
The next event in sporting circles will
be a wrestling match. Some time ago
there appeared iu these cluinns a dial-
•nge Irom Frank B^b ui, of Extension,
who wrestled the Hindu in Nnnaini. n
few daya ago. Andrew Thomson, ol
thb olty has ac epted the challenge-
as he wai the one preferred by Bf bar.
Tb* match is to come off on the evening
of February 19ih, for 1100. "Andy
il doing sonic hard training and expects
to give his opponent a hard run for Ins
money. This » resiling bout, it is enp-
ted, will be one of the liveliest that has
ever taken ylace here. We have all
kinds of cuLfiienoe i   Ihe home b y.
FOl'ND.-A red heifer about twi
years old. Owner can have same by <.p
olyiog to J iim King, paying keeping ex
peiiies and for tins ad.
A seven room house in excellent loca-
' ion,'as follows:—Tlin-e bedrooms, sit
Mug uoin, big kitchen, pnntry, baihroi u>
wilh bathtub. Outside city limits, tw>
lot*, all oleared, price (14,60. This is a
snap and a splendid opportunity for any
oue in need of a nice, comforable home
For particulars apply at the Islander
For Sale—a Mason & Rtsclin up.
right piano in first class conditun
Cost $ 100.00; will sell for 82B0.00
cash. Apply at Poller's I'ool oom,
Duusmuir avenue.
LOST—A gold watch anil chain on
Deoembei 27th, between P. McNeviu
Boarding house and the landing to Nn
7.   Finder will be suitably rewarded
for returning same to
Elijah  Smitiiuiist,
Statement of Receipts and Ei-
pe ditures of ihe Gi y of
Cumberland for the
Yea 1911.
BM, on hand Jan. 1st, '11. ...I 881.41
Elides license  8187. 0
Real estate  8779.46
Drain account  40 2.1
Scuvonger account  1831.2(1
Scales       24.
Hall account     480.
Watcimian      ral.
Sample room       17.
Do.nt.ix       41
1V*l house	
Pound account...
Polifo court tin.-
Roii'l tux	
plreet ucnount...
7 1.
Totul receipts
advertising  $
J. Abrams	
Drain account	
1>>K tags	
Election account	
Fuel account	
Fire protection	
John lt. Gray	
Hall acoount	
Health nccount	
Interest account	
Light account	
Repayment loan	
p, Monaco	
Magistrate's oihet*	
W. McLellan	
A. McKiinioii	
Oflice account	
Pest  house 	
Park account	
Police station	
Real estate refund	
Ronil tax refund 	
Anli-tulier -Sy ? 80."0
U.B.C. Municipality    10.00
Auditor     10.' 0
Sport     25.00
P.P. Harrison  lBo.CO
P, Dunn    80.00
E.G. Prior    70.00
A. E. McQiiarrie .'.. 125.00
Insurance     60.'0
Dr. Gillespie     10.'0
Tupper A Giillin     26.C0
T. E. Date     25.00
D. Hunden     4».'0
Sundries  1I7.I;0
Feed  186.E0
Blacksmith    49.50
Harness   nnd  repair   84.85
11. Grant Js Co     l'.'.O'J
Sundries    28.97
Siiljwalk account	
Scavenger account...    89.00
Labor     49.3
Bucket* etc     26.50
Horse hire 0
Receipt olanks	
122 ro
960.' 0
42 \.i 0
189. 0
Seal" account	
Street Account 	
Tool account	
Jobn Thomson	
Public Js high school .
. 7 1.60
. 84.10
. 568.2)
Total expenditures       $15874.33
Totul expenditure on account
of city anil school $15874.38
Total receipts  15531.77
Showing a dellcitof    842.'6
Demand loan Itoyal Dank...  10IHM0
Deficit     342.50
Balance cash on baud    607.41
Statement of assets and liabilities of
the Corporation of the City
of Cumberland, B. C,
Newer pipe on hand ;} 435.6(1
Real estate arrears   1290.72
Scavenger arrears       37.8,
Slioituge   in Gov't grant for
quarter ending Sep. 3y, '11      94 oo
Total nssels  1858.17
Estimated values—
City buildings and lots  #2"00.<W
Central school  101)0001
Eire hull uud apparatus     10IIO.no
Sure       2oo.oo
Horse, wagon, cart, harness     4on,oo
Isolation hospital       600.OC
Liabilities —
Demand lonns Royal	
Hunk of Canada, carried
{■ rwur I from 191o       £2ooo.oo
Demand loan 1911         1000.00
Total • I3ooo,oo
Certified correct
P. Acton, auditor,
. . STORE . .
CLOTHINO-For one week only. Stocfc reduction sale'continues. 30 per oent discount. Come
and ste the stock, nothing but the 1>est. Coppley
Noyes tt Randall's Famous Clothing for men and
boys, SHOES—Ladies' Gent's and Children's are
offered at this great reduction.
Dunsmuir Avenue
Monev j&g$!
The question is, where will it make the molt) In a Bank at 3 per cent. fi it
mortage at 7 per oent, or town lota in Western Cmada where during the year
1911 it is estimn'ed that property values in ten towu iocreaed GOO per cent, in seventeen towns 400 per cent, and in town twen'y two towns 300 per cent 1
Full particulars of an investment which will make you a property owner in three
of the best towns and 011 the easiest at terms can be obtained by maili- g   a post.
card to
D. Forde
Capital $6,200,000
Reserve 17,000,000
Draft* Issued In any currency, payable all over tha world
highest current rates allowed on deposits of ft and upward*
CUMBERLAND, B.C., Branch-   -   -     OPEN DAIt
D. M. Morrison, Manager
Wm. H. Hoff,  Manager.
* \   These Pianos give satisfaction in tono and touch and are built *n
J last a lifetime.
We carry the Victor Gramophone & Victrola*.
and Victor Records.     Call and hear the latest novei^y,
The Victor Puzzle Record Price $i.Ui
Church St., NANAIMO, B. 0. Opposite Bank of
loo Boxes Apples
y    and • n
Winter PEARS
The Best Varieties, Blenheim Orange, Russets,
Kings, Canadian Reds
Bell flower, Baldwins etc.
Priee for one week only in 5 and
10 box lots, per box      - , -   11.75


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