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The Islander May 27, 1911

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 MENS FINE    BAL
BRIOGAN UNDERWEAR the right weight for
these warm dayi, 50e ea at
al Campbell Bros.
THE ISLAM
^STI^^
JUN 1   Wl
^CTORlA,^J
*
a
^A LARGE RANGE of
Ladies' White Blouses at tl
to .V.5o ea. White a) colored
canvas shoes, sunshades ete.
at Campbell Bros.,
N.i r>2
THE ISLANDER, CUMBERLAND, B.C., SATURDAY, MAY 27, 1011
Subscription price $1.80 per jeer
F
Wrestling Bout Prov
ed Big Surprise
lo Many
The wrestling bout nn Mouclay
night between Murrny anil McCniali
proved a hig surprise to many, am'
over |500, out side of the xiile liet of
the principals changed hands on tl e
result.
McCuiah's supporters hanked tio
much on his reputation while Murray
ou tho other hand was under nited.
whilo in addition to this it waa soon
seen that Murray was in much bettei
condition than his opponent.
McKay and Uray made a vcay in
foresting preliminary, the latter tfinn
ing the fall nfter 25 minutes.
In the main event the contestants
pushed each othor around for 20 minutes before coming to the mat, Mm
ray finally winning the fall in 31
minutes, coming from unilorneiith his
opponent and forcing his shoulders t
the mat with a bar hold.
The second fall was of short duration, and it, too, went to Murray, thi-
time in 7 minutes with a bar and scis
Mu-.s hold.
As stated above it is evident that
McCuishwas over rated and apparent
ly be is nnt nearly so good as he onci
wns and it is probable that thero an
Others in the city who can give Mur
ray a harder run for the money, ami
no doubt some of them will be given a
chance in the near future.
Baseball Schedule for 1911
May 2S. Courtenay vs. Pilseners at
Courtenay
May 28.   Union   Bay vs Stars at
Cumberland
June i' Courtenay v. Union Buy nl
Union Buy.
Juno 4. Sr ure vs. PiWners at Cum
hcrhml.
June 11  Union Buy vs Pilseners ut
Cumberland.
Juno 11. Stars   vs  Courtenay  «t
Courtenay.
Juno 18. Pilseners va Courtcusy »t
Cumberland.
June   18. Stars   vs Union Bay at
Union Bay.
June 25. Union Bay vs  Courtenay
at Courtenay.
June 25. Pilseners vs. Stars at Cun".
berland.
July 9. Pilsener   vs   Union Bay al
Union Bay,
July 9. Courtenay vs Stars at Cumberland.
July 16. Courtenay   vs Pilseners at
Courtenay.
July 23. Union Bay vs Stars at Cumberland.
July 30. Courtenay   vs Union Ba)
at Union Bay.
July 30. Stars vs Pilseners at Cumberland.
Aug 6. Union  Say vs   Pilseners at
Cumberland.
Aug 6. Stars vs Courtenay at Com t
enay,
Aug 18.   Pilseners vs Courtenay at
Cumlierlaiid.
Aug 13. Stars vs Bays'   at   Union
Bay.
Aug  20. Union Bay vs Courtenay
at Courtenay
Aug 27. Pilseners vs Stars at Cumberland.
Sept 8.  Pilseners vs Union Bay at
Union Bay.
Hept 10. Courtenay vs Stars at Cun -
berland.
GETS THE PLUM
John   Thomson   Now
On The Police
Force
A meeting of the Police Commission
ers was held on Monday evening. His
Worship the Mayor, and Commissioner* Banks and MacDonald heing present,
Fortyseven applications for the position of City Constable were received
from all part of the province aud some
from even more distant points, but
after considering the various applications, it was decided that ex-Provincial
Constable Jno. Thomson of this city
was the right man to fill tho position.
It waa decided to hold another meeting on the 31st inst. to install Mi
Thomson in his position of City Constable.
Wm. McLellan, after tb* first of June,
next, will be prepared to do all kinds of
paperhanging and carpenter work, and
hopes the Police Commissioners will nol
havo any objection.—Ad.
Correspondence.
fw&aamawwimawwifWwmywiAiiwiswvwwiswiswwwt
Lawn Tennis Club
Tuesday DOinat.   will   be the openinc
Club day.   Those  desirous   of joining
notitiy any of the committee.
H.   W. LirriltE   S,c.
Dr. D. E. Kerr, dentist, will he st
the Courtenay House from June 1st to
ths 10th.
ro the Editor, Tbi Islinuix,
Dear Mr. Smithe :—
Mayor Hopewell of Ottawa has announced that nnder existing prospect he
will not attend the Oornation. Thii
being so then will be a vacant seat left
fur th* civh officii Is from tho dominion.
The King hu already got someone tn
carry his chest protector, but no on* to
adjust it for bim. Now is the time foi
CumbeiUnd. Some time ago it is rumor
nd the Mayor and council.were asked bj
i lending Magazine writer to have theii
[dcturei taken as he wanted to write up
tli i lending citizens of Canada Why
n it send His Worship and the Counoil io
London at once su aa not to be too 1st.
md we can rest sssured that Cumber
land will be well advertised, it is suggest
ud to take "M.D." and yourself Mr Editor (in Irons) along with them and havi
their pictures taken with the King ami
Laurier and kill two birds with one
■ton*.
P. STOBSAM
*    *    *
To the Editor.
So it appears that you are now to be
•urned over to the Police Commissioner)
The inaniaty of suoh a course is too absurd
tor words, one cannot imagine the Police Board being so senseless a* to take op
the matter when th* City Solicitor tum
id down th* License Commissioners at.
jomplettly, simply throw them over board
•vhen he said he felt so stroiglythsi
chert was no cu* against you that if they
ieelded to proceed, he would cease t<
have anything further to do with it,
everyone wu under the impression tbat
they were, u a matter of course, acting
under bi* advice not in opposition to it.
As a taxpayer I wonld suggest thit
foolishness hu already gone too far-
When the Oity policeman wu sent ti
Had you on the occasion of their meeting
and bring you before them, that wu nnd
er th* law an arrest, so that you alreod)
hare, it seems to me, a clear com for con
siderable damages, while the Oity has
ni money to fool sway even to defend
an action, therefore I think they would
be wise indeed and show tome interest
in the city's interests if they uked foi
yonr out of pocket expense* up to date
and promply paid them, thus ending
* matter that their own oommon
sense should have prevented them ever
entering upon especially u their own
3 dicitor appears to have been dead a-
gainst them.
DmrroiNTiB.
PETTIGREW
TURNED DOWN
Canadian   Federation
of Miners Not
"Wanted
Mr Pettigrew, organiser for the
Canadian Federation of Miners held a
meeting on Sunday in the Cumberland
Hall, with Mr Hall in the chair.
Mr Pettigrew stated that he had
followed out the wishes of the work-
ts in regards to having the U.M.W
of A orgnniie in the district and had
corresponded with tha leading officers
of that organisation and they informed hiin that 3 executive members
would enquire into the needs of organisation and should they report, fav
orable an organiser would be despatched immediately.
He thought the Cumberland Miners
in the mean time should fsll in line
with those of Ladysmith and Nanaimo
and come under the banner of the
Federation of Miners, until such time
ss the U.M.W. of A were prepared to
organised here,
A motion was then put that a
branch of tbe Canadian Federation lie
organised
Several gentlemen got to their feet
and one,especially,claimed that until U
M.W. of A were prepared tu organic
the workmen should remain without
any organization.
Continuing he stated thtjt at tho
last meenting of Mr Pettigrew those
who spoke in favor oi the U.M.W of A
and against the Federation had lost
their jobs, and ho cnuld see no reason
why aft organization that was looked
upon with so much favor by the Com
pany would be of any great benefit to
the workers. He also objected to the
statement that the U.M.W. of A had
promised befoie to organize and had
failed.
The motion waa then pot before the
meeting, but an amendment that the
workmen remain unorganized, was
oarried by a very large majority.
The Ladies of the Maccabees gave a
da ice in the Cumberland Hall on last
Wednesday evening, at which a largi
number attended. The music was fur
nished by Messrs Winningbam and
Murdoch, and Mrs. W. Hudson. A
most enjoyable evening wm spent by
•II,
Mr. Horace Smith's sawmill at Comox was completely destroyed by
fire last Wednesday.
A residence on Maryport wss
slightly damaged by fire yesterday af
ternoon. The fireboys, as usual, quickly responded to the alarm and soon
quenched the fire.
Dr. D E. Kerr, dentist, will be at th*
Cumberland Hotel, on and after Satur
day, Jun* 10th.
A splendid opportunity far sny person
wishing to tak* over a boarding house is
Sered by Mr. A, Pickup. House hat
now SO boarders. A good paying business. For particular! apply to A. Pickup, Cumberland, B. C.
COURTENAY
Messrs Bates and Hardy will tell by
public auction in the field adjoining Mr. R
McQuillan's limy stables, Courtensy, on
Thursday, the Sth of June next, two
o'clock prompt, fat and store cattle, horses, farm implements and sundries. Entries already received. Further entries
solicited. All stock should be on the
ground by one o'clock. Auctioneers of-
Bees, Cuurtenay, B.C.   Phone No. 10.
Mr and Mra H. J Theobald, left on
Friday morning for Summerland B.O.
We regret that Mr Theobald is leaving
Cumberland u it will be a long time be
fore the people of the distriot will get a
man to till the bill in the painting and
paper-hanging Hue u well and prompt as
he hu. We wish then good luck and
all kind* of health and prosperity in
their new bom*.—Con.
NELSON WON
IN TDE THIRD
Cadman   Took   The
Count After Plucky
Scrap
The Nelton-Cadman b xing conteit on
Wtdnetday night waa of short duration,
the end coming in the third when N. l«on
tent the local lad to the floor for ihe
count uf ten with * left uppercut to the
jaw.
Although the bout wu short there
was more scrapping orowded into the
three rounds than is often seen in ten
The men fought at catch weight* and
apparently Nelson had the advantage of
the local b >y by over 19 pounds.
With experience,   Cadman  will with
ut doubt make a very dangerous boxer,
bnt over eagerneu proved bis undoing
on Wednesday,
It wu quit* apparent when the men
went into the ring that Cadman was suf
faring from a bad attack of stage fright.
In the first round Cadman rushed
right after his man and they mixu. it
tiercel)', but it. was nnt very long bef. r.
Nelson hsd his lighter opponent iu diffi
culties aud Cidnitn was II ored twice.
In the second Cadman was more waiy
nud although lie ngain agnin weot dow.
lie Innded s.-nie telling hi iv - and succ t ■
d in retm uiug tlm compliment, nod Nol
sou was puffing like a porpoise at tlo
lose of the round, and it looked a.
though C-idin-o. hnd a c-li .nc if Ik did
uot try to forco lhe fighting quite sc
much.
In the third Cndnian again, went aftu
his man like mud and took a lot of punishment, the end coming just before tin
call of time when Nelson let drive a hard
uppercut u they broke from a clinch and
nnd Cadman took the count.
In a moment the audience wu on iu
test calling "foul," but th* referee stud
to his decision and th* crowd quietened
down.
After th* contest Nelson stated thn
with a little more experience and prope
training, there wu not a mnn of hu
weight in the province that Cadman near
lie afraid of, which is probably true, foi
he hu a terrific punch in either bant1
and lota of grit.
A CHALLANGE
I, O.Murray accepted Mr Johnstons
challenge on behalf af Andrew Thom
son and will wrestle him for from $111
to f.'lOO at 158 pounds I um prepared
tn wrestle Dykes at 155 pounds for any
stake he likes, signed.
O  Murray.
Tenders are invited for clearing lot
3 and 4 Block 20 in Cuinlerlanil.
Apply to Mrs. Mury Watt, Camp.
NOTICE.
A report hu bean circulated in Comox
District that Kertnn Bros., built a residence for Mrs. Vaas on her ranch. We
wish to oontradict this statement and also that there is no business connection,
neither hu there been between Kerton
Bros , and E. (!. Everett.
Kkktkx Bkos.
FOR SALE—Painters outfit consisting of swing staging, ladders, step Ind"
ers eto.        Apply to Ii. .1. Theobald.
Service in the R man Catholic Church
will be held every olher Sunday in Cumberland.   Rev. 11. Martens, pastor.
FOR SALE—A good horse, suitable
for express or buggy, age 10 years. Applj
Union Bay Co-operative Company.
Wanted to rent, typewriter. Must he
in good condition; Address b x illil.
Cumberland, B. C.
Swine,—Improved Yorkshire   elegible
for registration,   either sex.    Price ten
dollars eaoh at six weeks old.
M. Nixon,
Denmau Island,
Programme  of Sports
Successfully Carried Through
The Celebration ou tho 24th. was
the most successful of its kind ever
teld in the city, the prizes being the
largest that bave lieen offered, and the
different events were most keenly contested.
Too much praise cannot be given
to the secretary and the various members of the committee who have made
such n success possible.
The football match between the
Thistles and Shamrocks wns won by
the former after a hard fight, extia
time being necessary to decide the result.
The Baseball tournament brought
out four teams. The Stars and Pilseners of this eity, nnd Union Bay and
Cuurtenay. The Stars defeated Union
Buy ly 71 score while the Pilseners
put it over Courtenay 7-2. In the
tinnl the Stars won nut 9-2, thu* both
first and second money rein-in iig in
' i- city.
The Lucro=<e match wus one of t'e
lug events of the day and was wa'.cl -
oil with keen interest, the Whites
Boally tilting the big money prize I y
I to 0, Grant doing lho needful in ti o
third quarter with a clover shot thut
found the net. Itiiwuns N .nainio iii
portations for the Blues, Crossan snd
Hotley put up a nice guine but were
too closely wutcli.'d to do nny d-imnge
Of other events the mile uud 5 mill
undoubtedly were the best anil most
interesting; in the format' event Ban-
Herman won without muoh difficulty
in 4.25 3-5. This time «tin so remark
able (especially as the trnok is far fn in
being a good one) thnt a surveyor lias
sinco measured the course and discovered that it is just 128 yards short, hut
when it is taken into considerate n
that he wus not pressed and did in t
sprint at the finish it can lie easily
seen that this runner can knock 5 or (i
seeond* oil the Provincial record any
t me he feels like.
The five mile race wu the biggeit
-vent of the day and brought forth six
ntries, of whioh two only finished—
Somervllle and a Comox Indian in thi
order named. The Indian led all thi
way until within nne hundred yards of
the ttpe, when 8omervill* drew even
with him, and beat him on the tprinl
home by about four yardt amid the
greatett enthutiaim. Banner man, who
wu a favorite at oddt againtt the field
and who won thit event Iut -year wat
forced to drop out in the eighteenth lap,
two othert dropping out in the fifteeth,
tod Mill toother in th* first lap.
The result of the different event in
letails follows; -
Girls nice, 6 and under.
1 E Packet a
2 J Potter
3 T CaperQiii
I l'l Hunden
Buys Race, (i years nntl under.
1 W Keeiiiin
2 C Johnston
3 A Hornal
4 Lewis..
Boys race 10 und under
1 A. Boyd
2 ll Bates
Girls race 10 nnd under
1 M. Potter
2 Phyllis Partridge
Boys race Iti and  uuder
1 11  liuhorlson
2 D Hunden
Boys race 10 and   under
1 D Bauneriiuiii
BADLY INJURED
IN THE NINES
Man Severely Maimed
In Mines On Saturday
Andrew Williamson, * workmen io
in tbe mines met with a horrible accident on Saturday that will leave blm
maimed for life.
The accident occurad through a bos
of oaps exploding In bis hoods, severing the left hand at the wrist, taking
off two fingers of th* right howl, de*.
troy ing the left eye, aad inflicting painful wounds on the breast.
Mr Williamson has t wile and
family in Scotland.
At first it was thought that then
was no hope of bit recovery, bat tht .
unfortunate man is now making good
progress towards recovery in tbe local
hospital.
Murray has deposited $25 at tbia
.ffice to bind a match witb either of
he men mentioned in his eh
A CHALLENGE.
I,   Richard   Goodwin,    chaUeng*
luhnnio Dixon for a boxing oontWk
: r from $50 to $100 a side.   Please
answer through this paper.
KlCHABD Ooopwk.
LOCAL MAIL SERVICE
Vrrival
Tuesday night
Thursday night
Saturday night
Sunday, per Cowichan 9 a.m.
Sunday noon, overland
Departure
Wednesday—6.00 a.m.
Friday—6.00 a.m.
Saturday—4.15 p.m.
Sunday, 2.15 p.m. (harp
FOR SALK-108 un* of th* lout
.f land in Nelson Distriot, two and a
half miles from Cumberland; 40 sera*
euily cleared, 35 un* good timber
clot* to Grant's logging camp; Sohool
it corner of pltc*. Fin* building tit*
suy to eut into tra aor* blocks.
Apply to N. Horny, Mlnto, aa
Visiting cards at the Islander of-
2 S Mellado
Girls race 16 and under
1 May Fitsgerald
2 Marian Walker
Married Ladiea race
1. Mrs Robertson
2 Mrs Haywood
Chinamens race
1 Foxey
2 Hong Lewy
100 yds. open
1 R. Humphrey
2 L Chambers
i Mile
1 Unknown Indian
2 Sommerville
3 Clarke
One Mile
1 Banneriuan
2 Sommerville,
Log Sawing Contest
1 A Swan
2 W. Piercy
Chopping Contest
1 Chas. Krouse
2 L Piket
Five mile race
1 Sommerville
2 Indian
Italian Bowling Contest   .
1 John Cotiti and Frank Caval-
orio.
2 A Morello and Chat Mosello.
Old mans race
1 A Stranger
2. 0 Hunden THE ISLANDER. CUMBERLAND. B.C.
The City of the Death Drum
(Proai   tht   Narrative   tf   Strgeant   J. flyim, Lite Killr Brigade.)
"The aiust horrible war I ever took
part ia," is Field-Marshal Viscount
Wolsoloy'i description of the Ashsnti
t'ampaigs of 1S73-4, of whioh this is
lbs story, told by Sergeant Flynu. The
Ashaafeis, a race of warlike negroes of
West Afriet, took offence at the British oooepatioa of a placo ealled El-
Mias, and in April, 187:!. attacked our
allies, Ue Fantls, Sir Garnet Wolseley
lommaatltd ta expedition to punish tht
AsksBtit, whose sovereign was King
Ki.ilrt daoslll. Alter forced inarching
tad fvs dtyt' fighting, the troops reach-
•<i 0*estatsle, tin- Askant! capital, tie-
torieiit for its dren.Kill hiiinan sai-riti-
ses. Amoagst the ghastly trophies of
ibf alsec wss the famous "deals
Sritta," wkich signalised the oelobfatlon
• f wholesale butchorles. Sir Oarnet,
ss a punishment, l.nrnt Coouttsslo, ds
nan.US 50,000 ounces of gold, thc abo-
lit ion tf human sacrifices, and perpstual
peace.    lie   received   promotion,   wm
tluiiikfld liy I'arlianiciit snd was grant
nl $125,(100. King Knll'ee sent bis golden sxo to Quoon Victoria, who received
h at Windsor I'astlo. Thc expedition
«ost (5,000.000.
Wll EX    wc     were   wallowing    ia
lhe    swamp,    and    slime,    tod
gloom of thc (lold Coast, ou our
way ta Coomassie, I  used to listen to
some of the young soldiers grumhling
s-.-l   growling,   and   telling   all   about
things they did not understand.
"Tke tranches aren't in witk this,"
'   Ibcy said.
Well. I bad been in the tranche* bt-
lert 8ehtstopol, and they hadn't. I
bad seen what RuBBian guns, slushy
IDtw, bitter frost, cholera, rugs, and
starvatitt eould do, while they were
babies ia cradles, and I told theia they
4ida 't ktow what they were talking
■boat. But although the swamp and
jingle weren't ipnie so bad as the
war was—still Ashsnti was bad enough,
aad ia some ways it was worse even
tbat Sektttopol.
I will admit now that Ashanti, while
It lasted, was worse than the trenches.
la bitter cold you can often enough
beep warm, but in such a deadly climate
ts tktt tf the Ashanti swamps you
•ould aot by any possibility keep cool.
We went straight away from an English wiattr, md yet in s few dayt we
wert toiling, sweating, and suffering in
ts awfal deadly climate, in a swampy
bash ts gloomy as night, full of pesti-
leatitl smells, and with all sorts of
sasty, dangerous animals and insects
sheet. The animals did not trouble us,
tfcongb, for by day our numbers tcared
tbem, aad by night oar watch fires kept
tbem at a distance.
Bat it wtt not the wild betttt or tbt
snakes we cared about so much as the
Askantit themselves. They were the
hardest autt to crack, for they bad a
stealthy way of hanging about in the
aent* vegetation, and firing at us and
•ottiag ul, or suddenly falling on strtg-
glen, tnd braining or knifing them before tkey conld defend tbomselve* or
sail ftr kel|i.
A sorgttnt I knew went into the
buib, ttd that wns the last I ever saw
tf hia. He vanished, and I ihould
think seme prowling Ashantis clubbed
bim befon he knew what wat bap-
peaisg. Jmt imagine yourself in a region where you had to cut your way
through dense vegetation, in a steamy
boat, struggling in inky slime, and ex-
pectitg every moment that a club j
would ertck your head, or a slug or a i
tharg* of buckshot hit or riddle you,
and jta will understand wbat our
marching through Ashanti to Coomassie Meant.
Tbere were native troops with us—
Fantis and Haussas; ond some of them
were not much good, though others did
splendidly.
Proa tho thunderous surf of the Oold
Coast we forged ahead tbrougb tho dismal jungle—the 23rd, tho 42nd—thc
Royal Welsh Fusiliers and the Black
Watch to give the good old numbered
regiments the nameH they havo uow—
aad tbe Rifle Brigade. Wo had guns.
ight, handy field-pieces, which could be
man handled by natives from ono place
to another, and rockets. Wo had our
twa Snider rifles, too, and we bad Sir
fttrnet and two other ofllcers who be-
tame very famous, one as Sir Redvers
Bailor and tho other as Sir Evelyn
Woed.
Witb such a leader as Sir Garnet, you
conld aot go wrong, even in such a forsakes place as Ashanti. Like hiui, I
waa an eld Crimean soldier; so was
(folosel Wood, ns he was then, and
Captain Mnc.lonald, who was one of the
•tal ef Lord Raglan, Comiaaudor-in-
fibtef in the Crimen. Lord Uaglau was
to old Waterloo officer, so wo almost
bad a sort, of link with Wellington and
Xapoliwn wilh us in thn Oold Coast
swamp.
Of tourse, you know that the Rifle
Hrigad*—the old 05th—has more battle-
honors than any other regiment in tha
Array, except the King's Koyal Uitle
Corps—Ihe U'lth Hides—and that is laying a good deal. I am always proud to
know thst I helped to win the honor of
"Ashanti" for tho Rifle Brigade.
There wero three companies of us.
tad nine was D, Company, commanded
by Captain Mncdonnld. We had our
twa company bugle calls, and each
loapaty would respond only to its special tall. Wo fitted words to each, our
•wn b«ing : "Dirty, Dirty Number
F**r." But the samo word "dirty"
would bave applied to A., B., or C. Coin-
■auy just aa well as to D., for in that
pestilential twamp and jungle everybody, officer and man, wu as dirty at
dirty conld bo.
Tktr* was damp enough of torts—
slimy, inky, spongy undergrowth, and
waUr af a kind, in the narrow River
Prab; bot there were no meant of beeping clean and fit at we understand these
things at home. Onr drinking-water
waa carried with us by natives, and
when we took it wo drank It through
t pnrifying device—tnbet ef ehareoal
wbicb acted at Biters. There were
pools of water everywhere, hut they
were foul, stagnant pttchea. covered
with rotting vegetation and tbe leave*
of tree*. The only taft thiag to do
wltb tbem wat ta give them a wide
berth aad ratrch en.
Tbe eklef event of tbt march wat the
battle of Araotful, and I am going te
teD you about it, beaanae tbe affair It,
1 think, something uncommon in the an
nail of war, and there arc not many
left of those of us who fought in it
nearly forty years ago.
There was no highway to march on, no
ordinary road to ime, not even huneit
ploughed fields or meadows to truss, but
JU*t lhe thick jungle to pierce. We bad
to mnke headway as people might force
a passage through a dea.c plantation,
with hardly air enough to breathe, in l
suffocating atmosphere and constant
twilight. There was no chance of even
seeing yonr enemy, and the first siga of
his presonco was the crack of his old
gas-pipes, or the thud of the slug* sud
buckshot, which he sent into you. or,
worse still, his knife or knob-kerrie.
It was a merciful thing for us that the
Alhantil bad not better arms and proper bullets, instead of slugs and buck-
sliot. lf they had had our own guns and
rifles, for Instance, and had known how
lo uso thom, 1 don't suppose that anyone would liavo bcen left to lell the
story of the march made througn swamp
an.l jungle to Coomassie. Lots of us
felt the thud and 'winding" of a slug
but it often did uo moi.' harm thai
that. Tf a rifle bullet luul come in placo
of a slug, it would have dime more than
just make a bruise, or knock the breath
out of a fellow's chest.
The New Vear had come in, and the
last day of the niunth of January was
with us. We were all in tho swampy
bush, forging slowly ahead towards Coo
massie, and in the morning we heard a
shot or two from the bush around us,
tbt cracks being mingled witb battle
cries and the racket of war drutni. Wo
knew that the Ashanti warriors were
out to meet us, and that a tough day
was in front of us.
1 think that (ight wat one of the
queerest and hardest tbat any British
troops have taken part iu, because we
were constantly poppered and harassed
by an enemy that we could not see. We
went out iu skirmishing order, and made
our way ahead at best we cnuld; but
our only guide was the flush of lire
from tht buthes, or tke snap of an old
flrtarm.
lt wat t confuted tort of light—tome-
times the skirmishers going ahead and
biasing away, theu the black men hurrying up with tbe guns aud booming into
the bush. These weapons did a lot of
mischief, and scattered the Ashantis;
but the thing that wero most useful and
terrifying were tho rockets. Nothing
hat more effect on savaget, wbo believe
in all sorts of strange spirits aud gods,
than au uncanny row, uud tho rockets
gave them all the noise and spectacle
they wauted.
They would rush off howling after an
explosion, thiukiug, maybe, some fetiih
worse than their own was aftor them.
The 23rd and 42nd, and the Rifle Brigade, with the black troops, had a stiff,
hot stifling timo iu that dense jungle,
aud one of the strangest souuiIb ever
heard in West Africa was the skirl of
tbe pipes as the Highlander* charged
into the bush and went for the enemy
who could hardly be seen.
Amoaful was a hard, long fight, and
cost us dear, for when it was over we
had lost nearly two hundred iu dead and
wouuded. The dead were buried where
they fell—aud quickly, too, and the
wounded were put iu litters and carried
by tue bearers. The doctors did all
thty eould, but there was many a wounded mau who never got away from thc
region of the slimy swamp and gloomy
jungle.
No soldier can die a nobler death than
on the battle-field, and none eau have
a greater honor than tbat whieh wai
paid by the Commander-in-Chief. A very
fine young oflicer named Eyre wat killed
by a bullet, aud even whilo tbe battle
wat raging Sir Oarnet himself helped
to bury the body in the shallow gravo
which was hurriedly dug. It it not often you hear of an incident like that,
oven in war—of a soldier being buried
actually while a fight is going on. After
most actions there is always a truce for
the burial of tho dend; but you cannot make truce witb an enemy like tbe
Ashantis, who dou't understand tbe
meaning of civilization.
This was only one of tho many exciting incidents that occurred during tbe
Ashanti campaign. Soon after we began our march, a Haussa non-commissioned officer was badly wounded.
Now, a British oflicer is a British officer all tho world over, regardless of
rsnk. lie ina.v bc a peer or a commoner,
but that makes no difference to his
pluck. If he sees a man iu danger he
goes to help him, and Major William
Snrtorious saw tho blnck sergeant in
peril. Ile rushed out and saved him, in
spito of a deadly fire, and they gave him
the V.C. for it. Nut long afterwards
Lieutenant Lord OiD'ord got the rron
for doing all sorts of brave things thnt
helped Sir Gari it wonderfully; and another oflicer, Lieutenant Bell, received
the decoration also.
A lourth Cross was won by a lance-
sergeant of tho 42nd, for brnverv tt
Amoaful, the chief fight on the advance
to Coomassie. He was badly wounded,
but during the whole of a long and awful day he led bis handful of men
through the bush, llis name was Sam
MeOaw. lie died three or four years
later—suddenly, I think, from sunstroke.
Five days of almost incessant lighting,
crowntd by the victory of Amoaful and
other triumphs, and we reached Coomassie, about a hundred and fifty miles
from the Oold Coast, just before dark.
By that timo we woro uttorly weary;
hut above all things wo were almost
mad with thirst and rushed towards tke
women wbo came to meot us carrying
immense gourds or earthenware pott fill
ed with fresh water. Four souls! I daresay they came out of their squalid
houses in fear and trembling, expecting
to be killed, but they soon found out
that that wasn't tbo reason why the
British soldier had been led through
ths bush to King Koffee's terrible capital.
Coomassie stood on a sort of hill, and
was the place where the palace of the
king was built, snd things were dent
which were past belief in their barbarity
and horror. When that night was over
we had a ehsnee nf looking round tbt
place, and no words can tell tke horrcri
we taw on every hand. Bad as the
swamp bad been on the march it stenod
to bo worts in Cootnissle.   It mirrotnd-
ed the awful place—a place of human
■ laughter houses.
The killing wis done wholetile. I believe that at one time at many at two
thousand victims were offend up. Orett
immberi of them wert executed on a
tiling called the tiered itool, a kiud of
butcher'! block, to all sorts of hideous
drunken cries and mad music, one of
the principal instruments being what
they called the death drum, or execution-
drum.
When tbe Ashantis knew that we were
sure to get to the capital, they offered
up, I fancy, some special sacrifices to
tlieir gods or fetish, because the sacred
stool was sodden witb fresh blood, aud
the death-drum—au immense affair
about five feet in diameter—waa dread
fully decorated, Thit drum looked ex
actly like a large ale cask, or a big tub
standing on end. It seemed to tne that
the wuy the thing was handled was to
leave it standing and tbeu thump ou the
top and make u horrible commotion
wliile the king's executioner plied his
enormous decorated sword and chopped
heads off almost at fast as you eould
count. In the wretched place they called the king's palace there was a fetish-
corner, a kind of altar for sacrifices,
with all sorts of skins and objects nailed
up as charms ngainst evil spirits. The
place was almost like a blacksmith's
smithy, tbe pile of heads and bones und
oddments taking the place of the fire.
We eould not move in that city of
dreadful death without coming norms
signi of human sacrifices and suffering.
I am not dwelling on these things because their remembrance is a pleasure,
but to show what wrong things we had
to put right. When we went out to
Ashanti there were so many kind-hearted folk who had such a lot of unneecl-
sary pity for tbo poor heathen we were
going to fight. Poor heathen, indeed!
What aoout his cruelty towards those
poorer than himself and bis wholesale
massacre of thom!
It was a glad sight indeed when thc
good old Union Jack was run up a long
staff, and fluttered out in the death-
laden air. There was a lymbol of freedom and fair dealing for you—waving
over tho horrid sacred stool and the
awful drum that had beaten so many
death knells. The eyos of some of the
well-meaning people at home would have
opened wide enough if tbey could have
seen what it meant to the slaves and
tbe down-trodden wretches of Ashanti to
have British soldiers in the place and
tbe Union Jack lloatiug from the tall
pole.
But there was a brighter side to our
entrance to Coomassie—where our stay
was astonishingly short, for we were
no sooner in nnd had settled our affairs
tban we were out again, tbe General
fearing for his troops iu such a reeking
atmosphere.
We had beard wondrous tales about
the gold and riches of the capital, and
some of the stories were true. It was
amazing to see bow lavishly gold was
used in CooniuBsie. Tho Ashantis used
it- just ub we use cheap metal at home. I
law door-knobs of solid gold—fancy putting your hand on a thing like that! And
I saw all Borts of common cooking articles made of gold, too—a wonderful
rich-colored gold with a red tingo in it.
not like tbe yellow metal we seo in
sovereigns.
But the Ashanti gold was the purs
thing, just us it wns got from the beds
of the rivers, and had no alloy to make
it harder and wear better. More than
once, when we were on the mnrch. cross
ing riven, 1 scooped up tho sand i nd
saw yellow particles of gold iu it. That
was the way, I suppose, the Ashnnt-s gnt
some of theirs; then melted thc -netal
and made it into knobs and pans and
such-like articles.
It was uo good trying to carry any of
the gold with us from the river beds becnuse apparatus was needed to extract
and purify it—and when you are on tht
march like that, always having to bt
ready for a fight, you don't want to b^
burdened with anything that isn 't eat
able.
There wns, as there always is, a lot
of wild talk about tho big sums of
money made trom booty; but, as a matter of faet, the private soldiers got very
little. My own share of prize money
camo to £2 2s. (id., nnd in addition to
tbat I got £8 10s. 8%d. as "bard-
layin' " money—just over ten guineas
in all. Of course, it seemed a fair
amount to an ordinary soldier, especially
one of the old Crimean school like myself; but it was little enough wheu you
remember the sort of country wo were
fighting in nnd tho kind of enemy we
had to fight.
Ob, yes! Some of ub hnd gold with ut
when we were marching from Coomassie.
There were gold ornaments and rich embroideries piled up in wbnt you would
call tbo co.ef street of the place, because Sir Oarnet was sotting fire to the
palace and tho town generally, as part
of the king's punishment.
King Koffee hnd bolted to a place
some miles off, and I think that a good
many of his wives—ho had more tuan
throe thousand of them, they sny—had
gono witb him. A lesson hnd to b*
taught him, and tbis destruction was Sir
Oarnet'a way of touching it.
Tho gold and silver ornaments wer*
colloctod before the buildings were set
ou fire, nnd strict orders were giveu tiiat
no soldior was to help himself to loot
It wns given out that a strict search
would be made. There was to be prist
moucy at tbe proper time, nnd so there
was, but very littlo. It noeds something
more than frail bumnn beings, howsvor,
to obey orders nt n time like tbat, and
I saw men wrench precious door-knobs
off.
I did not go quite so far as tbat, but
I managed to get a few littlo articles,
such as bracelets and rings—beautiful,
pure gold—and bring thom away witk
me. I have not one of them left; I parted with tbem all long ago.
There were other men, though, who
came away with good hauls of precious
articles, because, after all, no search wtt
made when we were clear of Coomassie.
The great thing to do was to get out of
tho awful, death-dealing, pestilential region and back to ths good air of th*
sea and the open aky.
THE REASON BIRDS MIORATE.
A few United States birds—some,
cardinals, Carolina wrens, and bob-
whites, never stray ten miles away
from the site of the parent nest; but
most of our birds are migratory, and
thc extent of their migration varies
enormously. Tbe robins tbat nest in
Missouri find winter quarters in the
Gulf States, only *• few miles south;
the robins of Iowa travel twice that
distance to reach the Calf, and the
North Dakota robins double it a^ain,
while robins nesting in far-off Alaska
must go three thousand miles to snd
from their winter borne in the lower
Mississippi Valley. The bobolink that
tills thc New Kngland meadows with
rollicking Imolody and displays his
lilack and white coat for the admiration of . dull-colored spouse, spends
the winters in southern Brazil, exchanging the wedding finery for a
sober suit like that of his mate. The
night-hawk adds to| the bobolink's
course nearly a thousand miles at each
end. The champion flyer of the
world, however, is the Arctic hern. As
far north as land extends, these hardv
voyagers rear their young at tbe edge
of the icefields, and six months later
swarm along the shores of thc Antarctic continent, eleven thousand
miles distant.
.Some birds migrate by day. but
most of them seek the cover of darkness. Day migrants include ducks,
geese, hawks, swallows,! the night-
hawk, and the chimney-swift; thc last
two combining business and pleasure, catch their morning or evening
meal during a zig-zag Right that tends
in the desired direction. The daily advance of such migrants, covers only a
few miles, and when a large body of
water is encountered, they pass around
it rather than across it. Thc night
migrants include all the great family
of warblers—tbe thrushes, flycatchers,
vireos, orioles, tanagers, shore-birds,
and most of the sparrows. They usually begin their flight soon after dark
and end it before dawn, and go farther
before than  after midnight.
Night migration probably results in
more casualties and deaths from natural causes than would have occurred
had the birds made the same journey
during daylight; but, on the other
hand, darkness is their shield from
the attacks of enemies. Warblers and
sparrows migrating in the daytime
would fall easy victims to the rapacity
ot hungry hawks, while barn-swallows, night-hawks, and chimnev-
swifts, though also weak and unable
to strike back at an assailant, mav
safely venture to migrate! in broad
daylight because of their marvelous
powers of flight.
Migrating birds do not fly at tbeir
fastest speed. A duck-hawk can
chase a teal at two miles a minute,
and a rock-swift can do better yet; but
the migration speed is usually at the
rate of from thirty to forty miles an
hour, and rarely exceeds fifty. Flights
of a few hours a night, alternating
with rests of one or more days, make
the spring advance very slow, averaging for all sp.i-'ics not more than
twenty-three miles a day, butl with
very great variations of daily rate a-
mon the different species. For instance, thc earliest robins in Iowa take
a leisurely gait of only seven miles a
day, while he blackpoll w.irbers that
nest in Alaska work up to three hundred miles per day for the last fifteen
hundred miles of their trip.
Unlike mankind, birds do not
choose air-line routes. Most of the
birds from New England fly inland
and parallel with the Atlantic Coast
until they reach the Gulf of Mexico,
then cross thc Gulf to Central America, and thence go by land to South
America. Florida and Cuba would
seem to be especially arranged by nature to serve as a birds' highway, for
the migrant taking the Florida-Cuba-
Yucatan route need never be out of
sight of land. But no night migrant
is known to utilize this course, and
it is certain that most of Yucatan's
visitants take passage each way di-
rcctlv across the Gulf.
The chain of thc Greater and Lesser
Antilles, stretching from Florida to
South America, offers a migration
rriute a thousand miles shorter than
the circuitous Y'ucatan route, but it is
traversed by few if anv of the thousands of land birds seeking a winter
home in South America. The reason
is not far to seek—scarcity of food,
'i'he total area of all the West Indies
cast of Porto Rico is a liltle less than
that of Rhode Island. Should a small
proportion only of the feathered inhabitants of tthc casern United States
choose that way, not even the teeming
insect life and luxurious vegetation of
thc tropics could supply their needs.
It is thc meals which decide the route.
Enough food of the right kind is the
prime requisite, while the distance
between lunch stations is a matter of
•econdary importance. When crossing
from Florida to Yucatan, five hundred
miles is made at a single flight, and
the ocean trip of the Eskimo curlew
is several times that distance.
Thc migration journey of these curlews, formerly among the most a-
bundant of Arctic birds, is wonderful
enough to be given in detail. They
arrive thc first week of June on tbe
bleak, wind-swept, barren landsashs
bleak, wind-swept, barren grounds a-
bove the Arctic circle, far beyond the
tree-line. While tbe lakes arc still icebound, they hurriedly fashion shabby
little nests in the moss only a few
inches above the frozen ground, and
by August thev hasten away to Labrador for a crowberry feast. IGrowing
over thc rocks and treeless slopes of
this inhospitable coast is a kind of
hcatthcr which bears in profusion a
juicy black berry, and the extravagant
fondness of birds for this fruit has
caused it to be known as the curlew
berry. Thc whole body of the curlew
becomes so saturated with the dark
purple juice that birds have been shot
one thousand miles south of Labrador whose flesh was still stained with
thc color.
After gorging a few weeks, the curlews become excessively fat, and are
ready for thc great flight. They hove
reared their young under the midnight
sun, and now set out for the Southern
Hemisphere. After gaining the coast
of Nova Scotia, they strike straight
out to sea and take a direct course for
the easternmost islands of the West
Indies. Eight hundred miles of
ocean waste lie between the last land
of Nova Scotia and tbe Bermuda Islands, one thousand thence to tbe first
of the Antilles, and yet six hundred
more to the northern coast of Soutb
America, their objective point.
In fair weather tbe birds fly past tke
Bermudas without stopping, ami many
flocks do not pause at tke first of the
Antilles, but keep on to the larger
islands, and sometimes ewen to the
maihland of South America, accomplishing the whole twenty-four hundred miles without paase or rest. How
many days are occupied in tbe trip,
may never be known. Most migrants
either fly at night and rest i* the dar
wt vice versa, but the Eskimo curlews
lly both night and day. After a short
stop on the northern coast of Soutb
America, they resume their journey
and travel overland to the pampas of
Argentina.1 Here they remain from
Sepember to March Ithe summer of
the Southern Hemisphere), free from
all household responsibilities. The
native birds of Argentina are at this
time engrossed in family cares; but
no wayfarer from the north ever nests
in the south
t After a six ' months' vacation the
Eskimo curlews take up again the
serious affairs of life and start back
toward the Arctic,,but not by the same
route. In spring they shun thc whole
Atlantic Coast from Brazil to Labrador and, passing northwestward, reach
Texas in March; April finds tlieir
long lines trailing across thc -rairies
of the Mississippi Valley; the first of
.May sees them crossing our northern
boundary, and by the first week in
Juno Ihey reappear at their breeding
grounds in the frozen north. What a
journey! Eight thousand miles of latitude separate the extremes of their
elliptical course, and two thousand
miles of longitude constitute the shorter diameter, and all for the sake of
spending ten weeks on an Awtic
coast I
Birds are seldom exhausted by a
long land or sea flight, though this
statement is contrary to common belief and to most of thc literature on
lhe subject. Indeed, so little are the
trans-Gulfers wearied by their five
hundred- mile llight from Yucatan to
Florida lhat thousands of them, especially chats, redstarts, and rose-
breasted grosbeaks, proceed more
than a hundred miles inland before
they alight. Many a Kentucky warbler flies four hundred miles across
the Gulf from Mexico to the northeastern coast of Texas when the whole
journey could be made by land with
scarcely any appreciable increase of
distance. Certainly the ocean flight
can be no great hardship or it would
not be chosen.
How do birds find their way across
continents and over pathless oceans?
Find their way certainly they do for
the bobolinks that nest this year in
a New England Meadow wil] return
the following year to the identical
spot, though meantime they have vis
ited Brazil. Migratory birds rarely fly
at a height of more than half a mile,
and during most of thc time keep at
a much lower altitude. Presumably,
when crossing land, they can utilize
prominent physical outlines as guides,
but something more than this is need-
edfor accomplishing an ocean voyage.
The five hundred miles between Florida and Yucatan take thc migrant far
out of sight of land, and though it
should mount upward for five miles, it
could not see one-third of the way
across to the intended landing place.
'The theory is that_ birds are guided
by a sense of direction. We recognize
some such a sense in ourselves, and
often trust to it to a limited degree.
ilie bird's sense of direction is not
different from ours in kind, but is
vastly more efficient.
t But even the bird's sense of direction is not infallible. During fair
weather no trouble is experienced in
keeping ihe course, but in fickle equinoctial weather many flocks starting
out under auspicious skies find themselves suddenly caught bv a tempest.
Buffeted by the wind and all knowledge of points of the compass gone,
they fall easy victims to the lure of
the lighifcotisc. Many arc killed by
the impact, while many more slightly
stunned by the shock settle on the
framework or foundation until the
siorm ceases or the coming of daylight allows them to recover their
bearings.
To return to thc why of migration.
According to thc more commonly accepted theory, thc United States and
Canada swarmed with non-migratory
bird-life years ago, before the Arctic
ice-fields, advancing south during the
glacial era, rendered uninhabitable
the northern half of this continent.
The bird's home love led it to remain
at thc nesting site until the approaching polar conditions forced a temporary departure. With the retreat of the
ice the birds returned northward, and
the habit of migration thus forced upon them during countless generations
has bcen transmitted to their descendants and become permanent.
Those who thus argue that love of
birthplace is the actuating impulse to
spring migration call attention to the
seeming impatience of the earliest migrants ; the ducks and geese pash
northward with the beginnings of
open water so far, so fast, and so early
that many arc caught by winter flare-
backs, and wander disconsolately
over frozen ponds and rivers, risking
starvation rather than retreat; the
purple martins often arrive at their
nesting boxes so prematurely that the
cozy home becomes a tomb if a sleet
storm sweeps from the air their winged food; the bluebird's cheery warble
wc welcome as a harbinger of spring,
only to find later a lifeless body in
some shed or outbuilding, where it
had sought shelter rather than return
to the sunny land so recently left.
As a matter of fact, only a small
proportion of the birds exhibit these
preseason migration propensities. The
great majority remain in the security
of their winter homes until spring is
so far advanced that the journey can
be made easily and with comparatively
few dangers; and they reach thc nesting spot when thc food supply is assured and thc condition of weather
and vegetation are all favorable for
beginning immediately the rearing of
a young family.
Moreover, if a longing for home is
the main incentive to their northward
flight, Wliy do the birds desert that
home so promptly after the nesting
season is over? For most birds start
south as soon as the fledglings have
become able to shift for themselves.
Tho orchard oriole, the redstart, and
the summer warbler of the central
United States, and the nonpareil of
the South, all begin their southward
journey early in July, long before the
fall storms sound a warning of approaching winter, and indeed, when
their insect menu is particularly
varied and abundant.
The opposite migration theory holds
that the bird's real home is the southland ; that all bird life tends by overproduction to overcrowding and that
thr birds, seeking in all directions for
suitable breeding grounds with reduced competition, gradually worked
northward as the retreat *S the ic* at
the end of the glacial era made I
able vast reaches of virgin **uatij*
But the winter abiding place was *tl
the home, and to this tkey r*tu»n*»"
as soon as the breeding seasea w*t
over.
Whichever theory is accepted, thr •
beginnings of migration ages wat)
undoubtedly connected intimately wrtb
the periodic changes in tbe food tup-
lily. North America kai eooraoa
summer stores of bird food, but tkt
birds must return South for tbe wiatu
or perish. Au overcrowding aecetsor-
ily ensues in the equatorial regie*?
during thc winter to be r*liev*d
again by the spring exodus aorthwasd
Xo such exodus occurs to tke core**
ponding latitudes of the South;
South America has almost a* aigr*
tory land birds, for bleak I'atigo nh
and Tierra del Fucgo offer a* iaduat
ments lo these dwellers in th* liank
less forests of thc Amazon.
Thc conclusion is inevitable lhis
the advantages of the United St slot-
and Canada as a summer home, anl
thc superlative conditions of climate
and food for the successful rearing 1*
a nestfuJ of voracious younglings, lit
overbalance the hazards and disasters
of the journey thither. Etch migra
tion route, however long, ii but Ihr
present stage in development of a
flight that was at first short, eatilr
accomplished, and comparatively free
from danger. Each lengthening ri
thc course was adopted permanent^
only after experience through maa*
years and generations had proved i»
advantage for returning each tpriaj
to thc breeding grounds a larger par-
ccntage of the previous year's colon*
or for augmenting the size «f dhr
southward-returning  contingent.
BOOM TOWNS THAT ARE
NO MORE.
By Ctorgt R. Btlten.
The public often hears of 	
boom towns. Places "that were
on the map last year and aow hart
more than a thousand inhabitant**1
are so common that tbey cease te a
route wonder; cities libel Satkatoaa
that were bare prairies a few yean
•go and are now negotiating for lire*
cars are not unknown and tot una*
lierable.
But there is another side—aad lbote
who have met it to their cost may oar
little, yet they know their owa kittat-
nes. Few towns on the prairie havo
given up the ghost altogether, particularly in later years; but sen* mm
remember the boom of Kiagtlty, a
place near Manitou that wat tarvtyed
to some square miles of extent, *afl
upon its site there is not now a cnbiu,
whije the maps still kept by a few
victims show steamers landing from
a wharf located on a deep but itt
coulee. Norquay, near the tow* ti
Holland, is another deserted site, ba
this place was on tke survey of a pro
posed railway, and when tke line we*
to Holland the buildings were *t«v*l
there, as happened with teate *tbti
towns when the country was dovtlop
ing.
British Columbia, perhaps, tkowt
the best examples of dead lowas, fm
mining is proverbially an industry
liable to slump from a great mat*
causes; the ore may play Mt, ma*
never have been there, or thc maaipu .»-
lation of stocks may demand decrtaw
of output. Lumbering may alto plat
out from many reasons, such at fiat
or exhaustion of timber. Railway tnt
ttruction in thc mountains tis* acc*»
sttates large supply centres fer wbiok
there is no further need when lb* list
is built. From thete causes ther* hate
been built a number of British Coins
bin towns lhat arc now mere nataet.
or even thc names may have booa Iwi
and forgotten.
Where Are th* Snows of Yettiryttr?
Who knows wliere Niagara, Until*
Columbia, is or was ? Yet it hod tear
thirtcn hundred people once. It wa*
a few miles north of the smelttr t»wa
of Grand Forks, and gained a brut
notoriety of the kind prevalent ia thai
class of place by an incendiary in,
with several lives lost and a shoot int
affray. It died when the North Fa*
branch of the railroad, then aad tisat
known as the Hot Air Line, wat built
as far as hot air could develop caster*
funds. It is so completely gone aow,
though less than ten years have dented since it was flourishing, that there
are stiff disputes in the district a* *>
exactly where it stood.
About twenty miles down the mwt*
valley from the deserted site *t Niagara stands what is left of the «itf
of Cascade. Here a hotel with Mate
reputation as a summer resort, tit*
small stores, and three •ceupiet
houses arc living witnesses to a >lae*
that once bad a daily paper. Soar
rows of dilapidated building* mark
where busy streets once were; soar
foundations covered with| blackened
ruins point to insured premises thai
went up in smoke, and on a lat a
little lower are same tumble-dew*
shacks that were thc red-light diatrict that these places consider aocea-
sary to a live town. The place was
thc headquarters for railroad building
through and over the mountains fr*a
Nelson. At the summit of the range
the constmction of one of the high**
lines that has ever been built ia Canada naturally involved some big reek
cutting to allow for thc drop into the
valley at Cascade. Here was aa ideal
site for a town, and a town-site firm
got it to exploit. Thc construction
camps made business enough t* justly
the boom for awhile, and a big Wuh
building testifies to the habits aad
dreams of the exploiters. If * curious
visitor pokes around, let hia beware
of rattlesnakes, for there are "l*a*y
there. Not far away is the city wt
Brooklyn, of which not even so muSk
as this remains.
There is a curious intereat ia a-
ploring these dead towns, but perhaps
their chief interest should bt ta tar*
at a warning to investors aad saeerfa-
tort to see upon what foundation #r
boom town stands before letting m-
ploitera bave their cood matey.
Oherles D. Hillts, who at oae time
eondnttcd * bon' itbool at Mb*
I'erry, New Tori, hat beta t*l**t*t
by President Taft a* hit ttorotary,
succeeding Charlw D. Nortos. *Uaa
it now Aitiitant Secretary of tke
Treasury. H* enjoys th* fri*se«klp ef
Influential m*mb*r* of Cotgron and the
Preaident hat freqntntly imploy*4 Wa
oa  Important minion*.    Hli  aattial    t
judgment  It  aid   te  be
iol.    The pat  tarries
&
1.000 a year
ptrtfoatarty
ttlary  of TIIE ISLANDER. CUMBERLAND. B.C.
9f
WHAT ABOUT YOUR KIDNEYS?
Your baok aches ind fairly groans
wivh tha distress of kidney trouble.
Ton 'ra discouraged, but you mustu 't
|*v» tip. The buttle cuu* be quickly
*on whan Dr. Hamilton'b I'ills got to
work. Those kidnoy Specialists bring
mvt health and vitality to young aud
eld alika. Even one box proves their
narvelou* power. Continue tliis groat
kuraWr, and your kidneys will become
m Btraug, .*. vlgorouB, uh able to work
AS ■i,ff 91)68,
Eciuember this Dr. Hamilton'.. Pilla
a« purely vegetable; they do cure
Svffr, bladder uud kidney trouble,
tbey will euro you, or your monoy
tack,   Price 2flc. per box, at ull dealers.
FASHIONS AND
FANCIES
WH1EE BREAD IS NOT THE STAFF
OF LIFE
There ure regions wherein lhe poorer
fUatJtt of peasantry ent little ur uo
hreud. Baked louvos of bread are prac*
mvuily mil.iiuwit in many parts of
tout fa*rn Aust rin and Italy and
•rouyhuut lho agricultural disirict uf
HuiiNiniiiu.
It i* »nii| that in thft village of thn
•fc-'iKtfirnnui'k, not fnr from Vienna,
hrvad is never seen, llie staple food bo-
lag tterSi a kind of porridge mado from
ground bee.-h nuts taken at breakfast
•♦iih fresh or curdled milk, nt dinner
wit-fa broth or fried lard, uud with milk
%&*in fur Buppor. This dish ih ulso
t». wi nt heldeii, and takes the place
W bnwui nut only in lhe •Austrian dis-
teiat named, but iu Cariuthla uud in
•any parts of the Tyrol,
In Northern Italy the peusanta affect
« substitute fur bread called polenta,
a porridge of boiled grain. Polenta in
^ot, however, allowed to "granulate"
Ike feoetsfa porridge nr like the Aus-
kriansterx, but is boiled into it solid
gadding, wlm li is eut up and portioned
Mt with a string. It is eaten eold as
niton as it in hot. aud is in every
omum the Italian's daily bread.
A variation of polenta, called mania-
foga, ii said to be the favorite food of
tt* poorer clauses of ltouiiiania. Ma-
■aliii£i in liko polenta, iu thut it is
m it nf boiled grain, but it is unlike
lit latter in uue important respect—
tte grains aro not allowed tu settle
*)<■" a solid mass, but ai> kept distinct,
after tkt fashion of oatmeal porridge.
3CRAYS FOB 0VSTER3
Aiuvag the recent achievements of
•TQflticnJ science is tho development of
i plant fur radiographing pearl oysters,
So ascertain not only tho existence,
•wt Che stage uf development of tho
faarls without killing the animals or
^toning their shells,
As many as five hundred oysters have
awn submitted to examination iu one
■saute, hundreds of shelh. spread un
a fcray being exposed at uue time. Oys-
fhra showing no pearls urp returned to
flhvir beds; those showing partially de*
fffioped pearls are sent into "hospital1.1
to be nursed, while those whose pearls
ar* full-grown suffer tho fate that attends all things which possess something that man wants, ft is alleged
tent radiography is uot Injurious tu
ths  oyster*.
SPRING millinery! Could anything bo more fascinating
t"imn tho display in the milliners' shops at this very
moment? Tbe bright ribbons and feathers, the mora
than natural looking plumes, the original shapes—some, it
must bo confessed, rather eccentric, others attractively pic
ttiresque, and a choice few practical, becoming and smart—
present an almost irresistible temptation to th© woman who
likes to be well costumed.
Tbe same anxious question asked whenever any aaw hats
are exhibited: Will large or small hats be more popular}
is answered In lhe usual way, "Both will be fashionable,"
One woman whose taste in dress te unquestioned has just
returned from Paris with lier customary number of hats for
spring and summer—incidentally these have to be supple
mealed at intervals Inter in the season—aid every hat she
has brought over is flat aud large.    Another woman, equally
^-."•^■•rv^rv,^
/"1U6TOM13R—"Are you sure you'll
\J have my taxi at the houso on
time?"
Garage-Owner — "Certainly. Don't
W)u knuw there's nothing surer than
loath and tnxlpf*'
T!
it
-RY MURINE EYE REMED
Foi KrJ. Wuk, V/asj, W.im Eye
AND GRANULATED LIDS
Muflno Doe.nl Sm.rl—Soothes Et. Prln
Man. Er. H.™*. I aa_S. l^ JO.. 11 00.
Mm-   t-n S.I™. !■ *w Tuba.  ZV  JI 00.
|Vf BOOKS AND ADVICE FREE BV MAIL
Vlurlne  Eye Remedy Co., Chicago
  SSR'iSJ
THEY  INTEREST AND   AMUSE
THE WHOLE FAMILY
Th© Mystic
Fortune
Teller
ui^irtt   your frlentU,
Ban t poitpj»!ii     ^
for      4iiC
The Mystic
Dream Bock
)•   th*  moat  eoroptttl
ifss'.t-w .o Uie tC'-ui. twa
of ireetae. Why worry
ebnu* tbt meaning ul
juut dr*nm wh.-a yotl
au s«ttbtibook __
poftpftld tor,,,, t_'_iC
"Toasts and
Ballads"
It e book "i.n BhonM
ban. bMldaibrtiKpor-
\,*.* ih.* ti .it ootiw. tea
of touta eret nimia, it
MinU.il* Ilu* words of
•hum. of thn bttt known
tnd b.t toT«J bsXsdti
fiout postpaid   , -
for    15C
The Map's
Leaf Reciter
and booh of '. ..mt*
Contain* BShfltlMU] trtttn
tha wriLiPirt of l.u.ih
Connor, Will mm 1(.
Drnminond,   kinri'.ii
Keith Rltd i".    r *.::• .-..1
I'.ii.ii.tihii (iml Amurit-iui
huthuiv   So lit   or*
t'tuii ! fur....   fc',.JC
Robinson's
Book of Modem
Conundrums
ContnlnH orer   I.IWM of
tbo <s-tt  uut funnies!
Rl.Ml.-j tn  th» world.
lt'» y»m pwt-   - _
paid for    lZC
Auy ol thane book* will be tent on
receipt of the price mentioned above in
STAMPS  or coin.   For ons dolUr *U
five hooka aro yours.
McLEOD & ALLEN
. 42 Adelaido St Went • Toronto
  „PM
Cray Orln Hat witb Aigrotto
fusbionablc nud also tliutinjuiaiiM for iter taatu in inm,
imi, bruuglit over only imalj Lii^h ihapcs. So -li-M are tin:
rai.k autl lile of womankind to dot If tbey are-wnslbls they
wiii buy most carefully this eeaion, clioosiug ouly suuh lhapea
umi culurs ub are biHuu.iix aud tnere i? »uti a divoraity in
vtylc ikut Mi in eau readily bj accuui|diah<.d.
A lot depends upon how the hair is arranged as to wkothor
or uot tlm bat ia becoming, ibe i'iuliion te universally accepted) Cor ibo momont, iu tvhlcn tbe hair ia anaugod withuat
tbe pompadour, or with only a imall ono. There ia a erase—
no other word expreasei it—for the hair to be woru drawe
down ovor the ears. Not ouo woman in a hundred luokit well
in thin atyle of balr dressing, ao it ii modihud tromoudoualy,
uud tlio best Compromiae ahowB a soft fuliuMn of waved hair
not drawn too tightly back frena the face, bat leaving the
vara free,
Many of the newest hate hare bpeu designed for tbo
covered earn and are intended to bo woru covering tbo entire
hoad, but this ia too trying a fashion and ie uiodilied to a
great extent; ut ibe name time the close fitting shapes are
attractive, if not too close nor too small. Thc way trimming
is placed is ail important in thotie styles, the high standing
uii cur lod feathers at the bacn are vory smart and tbe spread
lug aigrette, apparently growing out of tbe baek of tba small
turban, Is quite distinctive, Both tbese bats are in turban
Hhape with velvet laced brim.
A charmingly picturesque and almost invariably becoming
shape iti ou tiie Charlotte Uorday, or mab cap, order, which
never goes entirely out of fashion, but every soaaou appears
iu somo .onn or other. Until late iu the spring it is mude
with velvet crown and pleated lace briui, tor midsummer tn
lull** and luce or all lace, and iti most of all attractive wheu
(lie blaek lm-? brim hus an inner ruflle of white luce. A
cluster of soft ostrich plumes nt one side makes the hut more
elaborate in detail and more expensive, and almost the same
elfoet ia obtained with the double bow of ribbon, laee or
Utile. At the moment the crown of this shape te unusually
large, but then tiie entire bat is on a large scale.
One of the most practical hata is that made with bows
of ribbou or of straw. All straw is now so beautifully
woven and bo pliable that it can be treated as though it were
a niateriul like silk, satin nr velvet, and rlosu tkliug turban*
and toques made of tho wide braids that are apparently
wrapped around the hoad and tied ut tho side or in front iu
wide bows are most attractive, meso huts are in all colors,
'Ihero is a most becoming shndo of red that is extremely
attractive softened by nn additional bow of black velvet
ribbon twisted in with straw, but tho same modol i.s offeetive
in blue or black also.
Dark straw hats with bows of fancy ribbon and with
brims faced with velvet arc fashionable this spring, and there
ure many variations iu tho same style, It is only a passing
fashion, however, and not so practical ns might bo thought.
for light ribbons deface quickly, but for the woman who
eau buy what sho likes wheu she likes the purchase Is a
good one, 'lhe forced to bo economical purchaser will
select the same model, but will lmvo it carried out on more
practical Hues—in duiker color.i, for instance—or will have
the ribbon bowa adjusted in auch a manner that they can bv
replaced by fresh ones when necessary,
fr * •
Black and white is an extremely fashionable combination
this spring and is seen to great advantage in millinery. Some
of the mosi charming hats arc white with black trimming
and vice versa. The brim, edged with black velvet ov fnCCo
with it, and the blaek velvet bows may not be strikingly
novel or original, but nre most bamming and smart, while
au all black hat that mighl seem too sombre i< transformed
by the whito wii.gs or feathers. Fancy black straw braid,
with just nn edge of velvet or binding t«» ihn brim ami with
a full white ai(fretto or iwo or tnreo long oatricli plumes, thfl
shape on the old three corner order, is very smart, while the
larger shape, with brim turnod Up at the loft, is au old
favorite for those who have a fancy for tbe plcturosquo
sly Ies.
Unless for a stay at somo Southern resort, the large hats
of straw and lace seem a trifle "previous," but they certainly nre fascinating and hard to resist, and, after all, why
not buy them now and bave the question settlodt The smartest are on the old order, large iu bIxo, wide of brim and witb
low crown; the lace on tho brim ("nils over in soft and be
coming fashion, while tbe top of the hat is covered with thfl
most beautiful flowers of every hue. The brim is faced
with blaek velvet, if becoming, or with some color that is
becoming. The flowers ean bo of any description, but it is
quite a fad to have two or three different kinds together, and
the smaller sized flowers are chosen in preference.
There are not so many flower hats as usual exhibited this
spring, aud those that are have a veiling of tulle or lacr.
Pink or white roses veiled in blach ov white tulle are to be
seen on some uew shapes in toques and turbans with an edge
of black Velvet shirring on the small turnerl-np brim. These
hats do not seem to work out woll iu tho now shapes, but a
little later will undoubtedly be improved upon and made
moro becoming.
a    *    a
Thf woman with a small income really suffers at this
time of the year, if with the small income she has a keen love
for dress, for the shops, whon every detail of dr^ss scorns
more attractive than at any other time of year, partly on
account of the colorings and materials that soom so suited
to the bright sunshine and warm weather.
A spring hat is a necessity. With all the determination
possible to economise most strictly, the winter hat not only
looks badly but is uncomfortable, so that a change must be
made when onee a higher record of tho thermometer is regis
tered and the wearing of winter clothes becomes impossible,
lhe first hats that are exhibited by those eatablUbmeuts
that cater to tbe Southern resort trade are always high priced
—quite too high prieed for tbe majority of womon. Then
at tbe department stores are exhibited the eipeusive models
also, but with tkt addition of a large stock of inexpensive
unes and quantities of untrinuued snapes. Here is a dangerous quicksand. The comparatively low cost of the
"shape and also the low price of many of tbe trimmings
appeal irresistibly te tke woman who hus a taste for millinery
and has beon credited by admiring friends with great skill
in making her own hats. She iuvosts ia at least two or three
ef these bargains witb their aceompanyiug trimmings and
does not realize at the moment that the sum total she bas
paid exceeds what the cost of an already made aud smarter
bat will amount to.
It is a mistake to buy tke spring hut too early, when
every penny bas to be eouuted. The fashions in bats chunge
so often that before there is a chance to wear it auothor quite
different shape' will be far more fashionable. On the other
band, if tbere U a hat that is becoming und smart at auy
reasonable price te be found ia advance of tbe season, it te a
good investment, and there is nothing more delightful thau
to be possessed of a smart bat when the weather suddenly
turns waim. But not to be led into senseless outlay is the
wiser enure to pursue, snd tho one smart blaek aat bought
now will solve the problem far better thuu to b«<oiue pos-
eeesed of tbree or four of different, colors.
a    a    a
At tbis season of the year when all kinds of bargain sales
are tempting tbs women of the country, it is a mistake to
overlook tbe advantages tbat are offered in the glove sales.
There may not be the same radical changes every two or
three months that there are iu otber articles of dress, but,
nevertheless, tbere are changes which make it imperative
that the balance of stock on haud be disposed of to make
room for the new importations.
Nothing is more foolish than to Invest heavily ln any
eecentrie or eves unusual style of glove. Black "or white
for full dress and heavy tan or gray for street wear is
by far the safest plan.to follow. At the moment tbere is a
demand for tan suede gloves in the light shades for full
dress, while the lighter shades of gray are also popular, but
these are all on the expensive order.
Tbe prudent woman invests now iu the elbow length silk
glove and the yellow wash kid in preparation for the summer,
as these are the ouly comfortable glove to wear and ean now
be bought at half price. She also includes the elbow length
white glace kid in her purebase, for theae are really "marked
down."
FLOWEBS TBOM PITH
The artificial flower trade, in which thousands of persons
ar# engaged, has within tho pnst few years boeu completely
revolutionized, both here aud abroad. Por a loug time, the
petals were made of muslin, silk, satin and even of velvet,
eolored after nature and successfully manipulated into the
semblance of blossoms.
Of late years however, there has been employed a sub-
tance that puts the most delicti te textile materials over
nanufactured in tho background, it consists of the thinnest
trom the inner pith of an Oriental palm
hat grows in Formosa, and eau be compared to nothing ao
well as the almost transparent petal of a wliite poppy or a
delicate tea-rose. A lily petal is robust in comparison with
this substance, which lias all the sheoa and translueence,
and even tho slightly-frosted appearance, Been ia soma
white flowers.
It can be tinted far better than silk or muslin, and is
practically indestructible. In wet weather it gives and becomes a little limp, just as real flowers do, but when the sun
cornea out it crisps, re-asserts itself, and takes on a new lease
of life aud beauty.
The Japanese artificial flower makers, than whom there
are no more skilful manipulators, have of recent years been
fending to this country extraordinary imitations of such
llowers as Occidentals most affect. The particular species
tbat tbo Japanese ar« now imitating aro the American Beauty the Bridesmaid, and La Trance, An exquisite white,
species called the Kaiser iu they are uow ulso beginning to
iuiitate.
The Japanese artificial rosea arc so cleverly made that
they almost defy detection. The process followed by the
Japanese is as follows:
From the stems of shrubs abounding in Japan tbey take
the pith, which tbey pass through certain chemicals capublo
of preserving it for all time, [inter it is shaved off Jn pieces
uo thicker than a rose'a petals, dented carefully into shape,
and then eolored. In RHsembling these uetals, the greatest
care and exactness are shown.
BUck Clin Hat
Nor is tho scent, which the Japanose regard as the soul
of a llower, overlooked, The mujority of those Imitation
rOBes have quite a [(electable perfume, exactly corresponding to that of the real llower. The stems of'the roBOS are
admirably  made,  bu!   it  must  be acknowledged  that   wil !i
the leaves success lias not been fully attained, although
they are far above tho standard of ordinary Imitation flowers.
These roses are used for decorative purposes In tllO hoaie;.
they are seen adorning hats or gowns. Many a drawing-
room, however, shows them nrlBMlff from exquisite porco*
Iain or silver vases, while the casual observer never droams
lhat they aro other than real llowers. Tho cost of such iml
.aliens is about oue dollar each,
At a slightly higher cost large bunches of Imitation violets can also be bought". Tbese, it is said, are made of the
pieces of pith too small to be used for tho'rose petals. Their
manipulation is equally clever and tbey are scented. The
stems are wrapped in purple tinfoil snd tied at the top with
a cord and tassel of tbe same shade. With many of these
bunches there are no leaves whatever, and therefore there is
nothing to pin tho faith to as to whether they are or aro
not imitations.
The Imitation chrysanthemum, iris, wistaria, cherry, and
plum blossoms which arc still sent from Japan and modelled
after their home flowers, aro, curiously enough, not made
with anything liko the perfection of the foreign rosea nud
violets,    Nevertheless, tbey are equally costly.
A   BUEGLAI13'   0ONGBESS
WHEN tbe Russiau secret police
arrested two famous burglars
of Odessa somo years ago, aud
seized tbeir papers, there was nipped
iu the bud what would bave been the
most uuipue international congress
ever projected; nothing less Ihuu a representative gathering, to be held iu
Vienna, of the burglars of the world.
Auiong the documents captured were
lists of proposed delegates, draft letters of invitation, and u complete programme of the congress. Among the
interesting subjects ou which papers
were to be read and discussion bad
wero: "The use of explosives as compared witb electrical appliances iu tbe
uew skeleton keyopeuhig ^of safes,"
"Methods of concealment in inhabited
house," " The new skeleton key,"
"New forms of locks," "A noiseless
file," ete.
This was unquestionably the most
elaborate attempt ever made to raise
burglary to tbe status of a profession.
Nor was there involved in the plan so
much danger as might ut flrst appear;
hud tbe congress been convened, it is
doubtful if the police could huve done
more than disperse it as a "disorderly
gathering"; In every civilized eouulry
prosecution must be for a specific violation of tbe law, aud tbo mere assembling of the burglars would have
constituted uo crime, A congress of
mechanics or police oflicers mighl discuss the matters mentioned in the burglars' programme. Policy and uot'necessity requires that the gentlemanly
burglar keep his identity from the police aud tho public.
The professional criminals of Berlin
publish u monthly paper, which, despite
some scores of confiscations by the police, appears regularly, though'tho editorial aud printing offices are changed
every few woeks. This periodical
usually consists of four closely printed
pages, dealing with police measures,
brief accounts of exceptional trials,
notices of public concerts and other gatherings at which pickpockets might
expect to do a thriving trnde, and other similar note*. Tbis unique publication sells for about twenty-five cents
per copy, aud it not especially difficult
to come at, as, in itself, it* contains
nothing illegal. In Austria at least
one edition was circulated of a handsomely bound and well-arranged reference-book doaling with the criminals of
that country. The principal value of
this book was thut a criminal, obliged
to flee from his own city, could by its
aid find congenial frieuds in a strange
town.
It is well known to the police' that
the skilled cracksmen of I'aris are in
the habit of meeting from time to time
to exchange information and views on
new designs in locks, safes, and tools
of their trade, and to discuss the besl
methods of countering new police regu
bit ions. Iu Loudon, when a criminal
is, for a period, retired to "the country," his family is usually looked after
by his associates, though, so far as is
known, no regular societies or organizations of criminals exist. When need
arises "humane" and "benevolent"
funds are very liberally subscribed,
aud, in accordance with the ancient
adage, honestly administered. The
professional criminals of Home each
year publish a Mannnl for tho Outlawed Classes, which contains three
hundred pages or more, and deals with
famous crimes of the year. The burglars and forgers of St. Petersburg,
regarded as the best educated criminals i:i the world, huve a society which
meets regularly, There are fixed dues
and a paid secretary,-and while there \.
no official publication, an "information
ofllce" is maintained, which supplies
to members facts as to new mechanical
devices, lhe action!' of the police, nnd
the  whereabouts  of  fellow  members.
American cracksmen appear to be too
Individualistic or cautious to form societies or indulge in publications, bnt
it; ii? from time to time assorted that
those of New Vork have » benevolent
society wliich will lend money ou burglars' tools, and which supplies a new
outfit, ou a plan of monrlily instalments, to members who have recently:
returned, impoverished, from " up Ihe
river."
Face Sores and Eruptions
Zam-Buk WUI Quickly Heal
The approach of Spring iuds masf
people with unsightly fa«e seres,
eruptions, boils, otc. In thw e«
uee!ion Zam-Buk te invalaable. Ab
illustration of the way iu wbicb it
cures eveu the most serious-. an|
chronic eases of eruptions, seres aai
ulcers, is provided by iir, R. H. Bar
ker, of Gleucairu, Ont.    Ho says:
"1 never could liavo believed thai
any remedy could cure so quickly ani
at the same timo so effectively u
Zam-Buk cured me. My face h^'gaa
to be covered with u kiud ef rusk,
which itched and irritated. This rash
then turned to sores, whisk discharged freely and began te spread.
I flrst tried ouo thing aai the*
another, but nothing seemed tu de
me much good, and the eruption get
worse and wors,o until my fate was
just  covered with  running sores,
' Apart from the pain (which wu
very bad), my face was such a ter
riblc sight that 1 wus not fit to *_m
ont. This was my slate whea some
one advised ine to try Zam-Buk 1
got a supply, and withiu a week 1
could see thai the sores were rapidly
healing. A littlo longer, and Zam-
Buk bad healed tbem completely, ani
my skin was an clear as if 1 hai
never had a soro. Wo shall never
again be without Zam-Buk in tke
hotist."
Zam-Buk is uiicquslled for Spriag
rashes, eruptions, children's sores,
scalp diseases, ringworm, ulcers,
abscesses, eczema, tetter, piles, cuts,
burns, bruises, aud skin injuries aui
diseases generally. All druggists ani
stores sell at HOc. box, or post free
from Znm-Buk Co., Toronto, fas
price. Refuse harmful imitatioaa.
Zam-Buk Soap, which may Me Inti
from any druggist nt 2fic. a tablet,
should be used Instead of oriiaary
soaji in all cases of eruptions aud *-'m
diseases.
Here's a Home Dye
That
ANYONE
Oan Use*
NOME DVIINO bas
alwayt  been more or
leas of a difficult undtr*
Ukiug- Nol •• whwi
you um
DYOLK
|ON£"""AU KINDS'"
Send (or Sample
Card •nd Stonr
Booklet *•
Tti« JOHNSON.
RICHARDSON
CO.. Limited,
Montr*mi, C.r*.
JUST THINK OF IT I
Wltb DV-O-LA ro<> c«n color either Wool,
Cotton, Silk or Mixed Goods Perfectly wltb
thi SAME Dye. No chance of usiag tht
WRONG Py« for tha Goods you hay to color.
Don't Persecute
your Bowels
Cut out ca'liartici an) pirn
—butslt—ti!iiie«es:nf«.     liy
CARTER'S LITTLE
LIVE!} PILLS
Purelyvi'iJclaUe.   Afl
Sally on the tivn,
mimtc I'lli, ii ft I
■if-l'.". iitfl 'xalr
uvmbroue of
of lhe bowel.
Care Coti<
it inn tion,
KQosfr*
new, _,*,*- iv     i
Sick Hesdtclie nr.J Ir.Jimtiurt, u milium know.
Small Pill, Small Dose, Small Price
Genuine muiibeu Signaturo
"TALL" pOG SrORIES
A Newfoundland dog, when given «
penny, wool 1 spend it at tlio baiter's,
Imt if liy did uot feci bnngry used to
hide  it   under u   mat.    This   was   liis
bnnk,  and  sometimes he  imd  quito n
number oi coppers thns collected. Prom
lhis pile he used to tnko n halfpennyI
or penny when lie wanted it,   lie knew
there was s difference between the two
coins, and that lie had to yet two bia |
eiiits Por v penny und one fur n halfpenny.   If lie look a penny and wanted|
ouly one biscuit, he wuuld wait ror I' -
ehange,   Once lie was tried with u bIx-,
pence,   lie promptly took it to tbe bnV-
or's,   obtained   two   biscuits   and   (Ive
pennies, nud (lieu returned io the giver
and let  him  have ihr change.
Mr. T. s. Cooper, R.A., usi •'. lo rolate'
a  story  aboul  a  dog  beloi g uy to  a I
Scots "''Ji    who   had    been    liis   model, j
Bverj* time !i i wenl  for a h1 ;:: ■
Scotsman  took his flog with hli i. On
Miiloks Gum
fit* tii;   -\t uutl iuntiJl.
£Q c»ol*
day ho arrived soaked tbrougb, having
been caught i'i » heavy dowi pour *n
rain, tie removed bis plaid and handed
ii to tho collie, ..ha immediately disappeared with it. "1 was curious *•
set; wbat lho ai laial would do with th<
plaid," Ur, Cooper wuuld say. "1 fni-
lowed bim, and, gentlemen, would vun
believe it. I Baw tlio dog sitting before
my i itehen lire with his forepaws outstretched to ilie flames, Over 'he paws
hung bii i luster's p] id, wbieb ho tura-
e ■ al out, Brst ou o e side, thee on the
11:
it.
W*".^£/JJ«9   %J?l	
iy ttopfl coudhsi  cures colds,  hoifli
Ibe 111r   'U.H.iv,,'..       »   •   •       ad MOt*
'. bottlo of Bleklo's Ant i (litiiMiuip-
: ii e -. rup, taken according iii diree-
tions, will subduo a oougb ia n Bhort
time, 'I Irs assertion cnn be ver Us!
hy hund tods wbo havo tried il and sre
, pi wised to bi nr I imi i y to its menu,
so thut a!! tuny know what a splendli
modiciue il is. li costs you only -6
1 cents tf» join tbo ranks of tbe inaay
.win. bave been beueflted by iin ar.o.
NATIONAL BANKS IK OKLAHOMA
* COUPLE of years jiro, when Oklahoma decided to try a
la mutual guarantee of bank deposits plan, by far the
larger number of national banks in the S'tnto gave up
thetr notional charters and organized under tbo Btate law.
It. was figured that with tho State batiks all offering their
depositors this guarantee, any hunk remaining under na-
tional supervision and so not able to come Into Uie arrangement, would have a hard time of it.
For a whilo the national banks whieh held out lost deposits, but lately there has been a complete change and
many of the institutions which gave up their national char*
tern aro onee move Hooking incorporation under tne National
Hank Act. The guarantee of deposits scheme doesn't appear
to have been much of a success.
Stops the Cough and Builds Up the System
Whon you aro all "run down" you catch cold easily,
and your cough "hangs on."   By taking
IVIATHIEU'S SYRUP
of Tar and Cod Liver Oli
you not only cure the local trouble but also permanently
strengthen the whole body.
Tho Beech Tar in the Syrup is toothing and healing
while the Cod Liver Oil stimulates the appetite and ia
creases the wnight and budily vigor. Both are united fan
the ploHsaut ta.sting syrup.
MfiUiieii '■ Nervine Powders which sell ia boxes of 18
for 25c. ar« the best treatment for any f*T«r or feverish cold, ai well as the best curt for headaches.
J. L. MATHIEU CO., Prop's.   BHEBBKOOXB, QT7K,
Western Distributors
FOLEY BHOS., LABSON * 00
Winnipeg,   Edmonton,  Vancouver and   Saskatoon TIIK ISI.ANDKK, Cl'MBI'.liUND, B.C
THE    ISLANDER
Published   every   Saturday   at  Cumlierlaiid,   B.O.,  by
Orsioxd T. Smithe,
Editor and Proprietor.
Advertising rates publixhed elsewhere in the paper.
Subscription price SI.50 per yeur, pnynble in ndvanoe.
The editor does not hold   himself responsible for views expressed by
•ori't'spondeuta.
SATURDAY,  MAY   27,     1911.
What the Editor has to say.
The postal service which   the citizens of this town receive
is a detriment to the city.a disgrace to the Post Office Depart
ment at Ottawa, and apparantly a matter of the utmost indif
ference to our alleged representative in the Dominion House,
the Hon. Wm. Templeman.
If we were fortunate enough to possess a   representative
who was worth one tenth of his sessional indemnity   and who
liad some interest in the district, instead of the political refuse
of the   City  of  Victoria, there might be   some   hope of con
ditions improving.
We have a fine $50,000 post office and a postal service
that would not be tolerated by any other city of the same
size in the Dominion without a holler going up that would be
heard from here to Ottawa.
The Wrestling contest on Monday, and the Boxing match
on Wednesday will do much to revive interest in these branches of sport in this city. Both of these contests were clean and
on the square, which is more than can be said of some of the
bouts that have been pulled off in this city.
The Police Commissioners have appointed a new policeman, aud dismissed Mr McLellan,and we think that the commissioners owe it to themselves as well as to the Public, and
to Mr McLellan, to make public the reason why this step was
taken.
We will review the situation briefly;—
First, the Police Commissioners deprived Mr McLellan of
his position of Chief of Police, and raised his subordinate to
that office, and retained McLellan on the police force for a
time as a special policeman, and called for applications to fill
liis position as night watchman and constable.
They then invited McLellan to apply for the position a-
gain, (we have seen the letter which invited him to do so.)
They singled out Mr. McLellan's name and that of Mr.
Thomson to be ballotted on at their last meeting, and upon a
vote being taken Mr McLellan did not receive a single vote.
Why was he invited to put in his application, and why
was his name put up to be balloted for if all the Commissioners
were opposed to him ?
If McLellan performed liis duties faithfully and well why
was he laid off; and if, on the other hand he was an incompetent officer, or worse, why are the public not made acquainted
with the facts ?
Mr. McLellan informs us that he has repeatedly asked for
an investigation   and that the same has beeu refused him.
Iu our opinion an investigation is necessary.
If what Mr. McLellan tells us is correct, he certainly
does not fear an investigation, and if he does not, WHO does '!
The Commissioners should not allow this question to remain unanswered.
Beadnell & Biscoe
REAL ESTATE AGENTS
Offices: Courtenay and
—= Comox, B.C. ==-
Bush and Farm Lands
Sea and River Frontage
Courtenay Lots
Phone 6 ^ AJ,  prjces
FRUIT TREES
Not the Cheapest, but the Best
Catalogue Free
Vancouver Island Nursery Co.,
Ltd.
Somenos, V.I.
Jlre ^oxx $xx$uxeb ?
DON'T WAIT until you nre old.  Insure now in the
Mutual Life Insurance Company of Canada.
IBE BEST, SAFEST USD CHEAPEST.
The Island Realty Co.
Fire. Life, Live Stock
. . . Accident . .
.  P. L. ANDERTON,
Phone 22.     Courtenay, B. C.
IE NEW ENGLP HOTEL
JAMES WALTERS,
PROPRIETOR
THE POOREST OF WINES, LIQUOR & BEER
ALSO THE BEST OF CIGARS.
Pilsener Beer
The product of Pure Malt and
Bohemian Hops
Absolutely no chemicals used
in its manufacture
===Best on the Coast =-e
Pilsenep Brewing Co..    Cumberland. B.C.
__
AT THE
FURNITURE ST0RE
just J&fffiwdl
A CONSIGNMENT OF SIDEBOARDS
in GOLDEN and SURFACE FINISH,
RANGING FROM $20.00 TO $25.00
"The Furniture Store"
McPhee Blook A.   McKINNON      Cumberland, B.C
SAYWARD  LAND   DIATRICT
District offinywarii
TAK K NOTICK that (ieorjie Porter, of Vancqyer
occupation burlier, ink-mis to iqijily for pcriuhtsiim
to purchase the following dewribud lands:—
Commencing at a post plnntod at the s. H corner
of T. I.. 27llfi thence ftlm.it bo t-hniiui wfHt; thence u
bout 140 chains north to shore line; thonce southeast, following shoreline to point of commencement
containing 040 acres more or lotts.
George Purler
Karl Cllne, Agent
Date March teth. 1911. (upl 1)
.SAY.WARD LAND DISTRICT
District of Hayward
TAKE NOTICE tnat Alfred Cautanohe of Vnneo
uver B.C., occupation plaxterur. Intends to  apply
for permission to purchw the following described
lands—
Commencing at pnst pUntcd about20chalns north
of the 8 W corner of T 1. 27196; thence went 80
I'luuns; thence north 40 rlmim; Dunce east 40 rhiiliiM
thence nortli 40 chains; thence east -iO chains; thence south 80 chains to point of commencement, containing 040 acres more or lesa
Alfred Cautanche
Earl Cllne, Agent
Marrhinth 1011 (apl 1)
BAYWARD LAND DISTRICT
District of say ward
TAKE NOTICK thnt William Moddlson Fraaor,
of Vancouver IJ,0. occupation carpenter. Intends to
apply for permission to purchase the following de.
scribed lands-
Commencing nt a post planted about 20 chnhm
north of the H. W. corner of T. I.. 27105; thence soutb
SO chains; thence west BO chains; thence north So
chains; thence east RO chains to point of commence
ment, containing 040 acres more or less.
William Maddlson Fraser
Earl Cllne, Agent
Date, March ICth. 1011 apl 1)
Mah Lee
Laundry
P. 0.  BOX 294
Satisfaction
Guaranteed
Near tiie Saw Mill
GENERAL BLACKSMITHS
Horseshoeing a  Specialty
Third Ave., Cumberland
FOR SALE- One thoroughbred Jar-
■ey Bull, in prime condition. Applj to
Dave Roy.
For Snle—Two Houses on good dry lot,
rent for $10 per mouth euch, will sell
the two for * 1650, or ono for 8850.
Apply X.Y.Z.   Islandeit Ofhob
DUNSMUIR AVENUE
CUMBERLAND, B. C.
J
a. ASTON
f
Practical   Watchmaker
All Work Guaranteed
1
Bill Vtti Specialty.
. . NEXT TO TARBELL'S, . .
Dunsmuir Ave   : ::   Cumberland
1 «'.!'/oV.'lM m. a. ZEIMIIDIE
The   Russell
AUTOMOBILE
rhe only Car Made
in    America   with
the "Silent Knight
V'alveless Engine,"
Also made iu valve
. . . style . . .
Cleveland, Brantford, Massey-Harris, Perfect and Blue Flyer Bicy-
ales; Fairbanks Morse Gas Engines; also the Moore Gasoline
Lighti. g Systems. Oliver Typewriters. Repairing of all kinds.
Bicycles, Sewing Machines, Guns, etc.    Scissors and Skates ground
Jtubbcr Tires for Baby Carriages,    Hoops Jor Tubs
THIRD STREET, VVUBERIXSD.
Little cubes of metal
Little tubes of ink;
Brains, and the printing presses
Make the millions think
There is no bettar
way of making the
people of this district think of you
than through an advertisement in
ISLANDER
_mm d
tut tBLAMDKR CUMBHHUNO, B.ft
THE BIQ STORE.
The Store of
Quality
The largest and most Complete show
ing of Whitewcar in every line that
is shown in this vicinity.
Prices For All.
Noav is the time to supply yonr needs
before lines are broken.
Our Grocery Department is Stocked with the freshest.
*
TRIAL ORDER
OUR AIM IS TO GIVE
Satisfaction
Satisfaction
Guaranteed.
S. G. HANSON'S
40!ipnll«u. k>tck*dll«09
tronj.n.l taMav 31. laid 37*80 >ll>
whichaoldat whulttijalv prf«c»    .
■at        •        .        • IICI9 IS
«oal ollacd lor nm period     ail.06
t HCH.07
nvaraaaiprollt per bird lar
151 daya        •        •        "
MON LEISER k CO., UMI).
ISLIDEH jflEATISING BHTES
Display Advertisements
75 cents per column inch per month,
Specinl rate for half page or more.
Condensed Advertisements
1 cent 1 word, 1 issue ; minimum charge 25 conts.
No accounts run for this claaa of advertising
EdGS FOR HATCHINO,
Karen
April
June        .       *
Per IS.
13.00
3.00
-    2.50
- 1.00
H.C I
Per too
$15.00
15.110
12.50
10.00
PWJ'JEPI I
HILLCREST POULTRY FARM
DUNCAN, B.C. Jt
H. M. Beadnell,
Comox, B. C.
AfSA**t+*0%-l>A>*Aa—IA>%
Agent for E & N.
Lands
Comox  District.
V«ApMWMMMMM¥MMMMMMWW(WAIMP<^
Grocers & Bakers
Dealen ln all kinds of Oood
Wet Ooodi
Best Bread and Beer In Town
Agents for Pilsener Beer
J. Mis..
"Leading Tobacco King."
Better known as
"LONG WILLIS"
Dealer In Fruits, Candy, Cigars
snd Tobacco.
t3_. Billiard Room in connection
IOtu Bcrffluud, Comot   DUIriet,
•   combed Inge of thU stamp:
. have uewh-
X 7, and aquro
witb letter 0 In centre. If owaere wleli tn elafin,
pleaeo oomtunnlcat. tu defray etpeeuwe, Addnae
ifcmouui Iilaad,
Union Louor No   U. I. O 0. F.
Mutts ererj F. iday evening a 7 iitikok
» 1. 0. 0. F. Hall.    Visiting brother!;
ireloome.
Jam. K. Astoh, Secretary
A FINE LINE OF NEW
MA TERIALS JUST RE-
:   :   :   CEIVED   :   :   :
P. DUNNE
Up-to-date Merchant Tailor
DUNSMUIR AVENUE
Jt
Now the time will anon 1* coining
When with your residence jOu do
do get, sick,
For after the fires the house with
dirt does get thick,
So don't you think we'll better be
quick
And call on the Fainter and havo our
house fixed.
H. PARKINSON
Painter and Paperhanger
SIGN WRITER eto. Cumberland.
Terms .Moderate.     Business Punctual
THE
CUMBERLAND
= HOTEL =
W. MERBTPTFLD, Prop.
The finest liutel in the city.
e
T_% ^' ■
K
'Xr
ER STORE
§xxxt
$
WE HAVE A G REAT EANGE
of Summes' Suits at $15.00
They are the latest in style and
best in quality.
DON'T FORGET—we are a-
gents for Copple y, Noyes & Randall Clothing.
LADIES' DEPARTMENT
Oar Ladies' "Waists have arrived
and are open for inspection.
J. N. McLEOD
r.
C. H. TARBELL
Stoves and Ranges,
Builders Hardware, Cutlery,
Paint, Varnishes, Arms and Ammunition, Sporting Goods,
etc.
AGENTS   FORi
The  McClary  Manufactuing Co.
Sherwin-Williams Paints
'iwumwwwwg.stuwie »
Still Drudging Along?
What is life going tomean to you ? Is it   oing to mean comfort and prosperity, or is lack
of training going to condemn you to hard labor for the rest of your clays?
FOU YOU, THERE IS A ROAD TO SUCCESS.    Let Geo. Shaw, Nanaimo, tell yon all about it.
Th® International Correspondence Schools
,
i
.   .   NANAIMO   REALTY   COMPANY   .   .
Agents for the Columbia Fire insurance Company
We have the exclusive agency for a few lots in Burnaby Municipality—a stone's throw form the Edmond's car line, price
$350.   $50 can handle these lots.
FOR SALE-Eight lots on the South Road.   These lots'*!
which are 70 x ISO, lie between the Vancouver and Westminster antl Eburne car lines.    Price i600, tei'ms quarter cash,
balance C, 12 and 18 months.
For a small sum down and the balance in monthly payments we can
se^secure you an exceptonally fine fame
w
in Vancouver.
Call and See Us For Particulars.
Pfane 66
•gfoef ^Tcgfcwfcme ,«tcmaga\ ZT. @itmlk>rfam\ £.. §
um tt-mi n"Ti TIIE ISLANDER, CUMBERLAND. B.C.
HAVE YOU A PAINFUL CORN ?
Wbat tiny corn needs is the southing
■ft\icif* of Putnam's Corn nml Wart
Bitr»«ter, which iu twenty-four houis
Wu out trory root, branch and stem of
■:«■■»• ind warts, uo matter of huw long
fciCMuiat;. No pain, no Bear, nu sure—
jaw. elean wholesome cure—that's tha
war Putnam's Painless Com aud Wart
Irtraotor acts.   Got a 85c, bottle.
tt KITCHEN TRAGEDY
;*Really, Jane," remonstrated hor
ndstresa, "you must learn to be more
•artful ana test tho eggs before you
■ I? them in tho pudding! Now, a
geo-i way of testing is to take an egg
m vour hand, Bwing it round a few
Unas, aud then place it to your our. lf
it wives out a pleasant, murmuring
Btfcnd, you may Ihen be quite sure that
it te fresh and good."
Uke a dutiful cook, Juno promised in
future to obey her misstresB's instructions, and that samo night thero wus a
bui   linked  custard  for  dinner.
At least, thore was to have beon hot
baled cuBtard, but at the crucial moment .lane appeared upon the scene
with aothing to hhow but n tear-stained
He*.
"Well, Janet" anxiously inquired
*«' mJBtress,
"Please, mum," gasped the sadden-
•ci servant, "there's n little something
go«e wrong, 1 tvas a-tostin'tlie egg,
as vou told me, nud a-swingin* of it
rouod, when it slipped oul of my hand,
and blessed if it didn't biff my police-
man in tho eve as he was watchln' me
tkrough the window. An' please,
mam," eoncluded the cook, breaking
dev/n utterly. "I think it was a uood
•iff, too, for [ listened, and I heard a
■vcmurin'—oh, quite a loud ir.innur-
fm' muni"
THE  meanest   man   in   town   having
died  and   beeu    duly   buried,    a
bunch   of  his   late  acquaintances
and neighbors wero discussing the kind
or a  party he was.
"We ought to raise a fund to build
fc?j« a monument," ono man suggested
"Rats!" chorused the crowd in protest.. "Who'd givo anything to build
aim u monument?"
"Everybody would," insisted the
first, speaker. "We'd raise it by un-
pspptar subscription."
DANCING TAUGHT
>if mail at home. Waltn, Two-Step,
te-c-suv and Gavotte .1.00. Send
tor liet. gucceaa piarantoeu or mono;
fflfasded. Tlioas?r.ds of tei'tiinonii'iir
PBOF. W. E. NOBMAN
96Vi  Osborne Btro&t, Winnipeg
TOBACCO HABIT
Ifamloue results from taking IiIh remedy
lar tlw liquor habit. Safe and iiioxpenelve
Ktiaif treatment; no hypodermic Injection*,
no publicity, do low of time from business,
n-4 a sure guaranteed.
LIQUOR  HABIT
-Mrmi or consult Dr. SlcTaggnrt, ?a
Votty.   street,  Toronto,   Oanado.
D».  MeTftggart's  tobacco remedy  removes
ail  d«ire  for  the  weed  in n  few days.    A
T«5?taU«     medicine,     snd ouly     requires
teicbli >,- the longuo with it occaBlonully,
Prien   fcj.no.
Dr.MarU-1's Female Pills
EIGHTEEN TEAKS THE STANDARD
Proscribed and recommended for woman's all.
Rants, a sH<*ntl8':iilly proparcd rnmedy of
proton wor*h. Tba result from their use is
quick r.nil permanent lor sale at all drug
■tons.
CURED HIS LAMB BACK
West . ort William, Nov. Tth, 1003.
"I i,;i. ) ties u troubled witb a Inmo
book for tho pnsl twenty years and bavo
u«*d plasters uud ointments without
affwt. At last I tried (Hn Pills, which
pror«d just tho thing, nnd I would
highly recotninond thom to anyone who
hits a st rained or lame Bock.
"H.  [Inrknosa."
nin PillH ael ftiroctly ou the Kidnevs,
rsUovo tho pain, neutralize Trie Acid
whieh ■ I "' u od  ff! su  I In  i
in Kl .; ■    ' rouble.
'ir;, Oi 1'ii - yoursolf before I uy a .
ili., mgulai 50e. ooxcb. Write National
Drug l '        al  Co,   (Dopt.  H.P,),
two ito, for . ree sample,
'■  ,.-  ■ .  ,     -. .... '   •  i     i :
i ■■ < ■ .;...     . .  I     •"  •
ff m           • ...,.■         . ■■■ -   ri
'■..■■ '     .          ■.,..'.>..■.' ".■
i ;■■   , :■:■: it..,.   ... !.'■.   m 'i
: .' ,     :     ■, i (■.. , ...   •           ■.   'in
"  "■   ■ - •     ;,:.. i.,      ■.; .-I   ■   .  . ' -. 'nin
..   i    -n .'   l>ri*fc< ■, lain,
 Ul., : '■ <■:
',[■■. ■      ,  ;:■■<■■ i, h
■':' m .: ttl hfltlCOll
'  , , i   .1   ,.■     -   ". '.Ml. '11
uful ..    .   V   \r\itrtl I
nml wo«M   - ': .'-ml
■v..     ■■.-,;t.,;i..'x.*.
' ■ '. i   . •'..'. ..'. ' .   M ill
....      ..."I "..lUlJYllJ
I..".*' ■■■        ' .    ,.    ..,"?'!  VHigflBl:.Umi,,
I ■ ■'•  .- lapitlfc
■,     •  i  ' ■      .Nr   '".. »<..nlf.u
*t*  :.■■... .  LUI  null Hi.. ITknliw. A I'd
eWj t .ii. i; i'... is    ii...... i.i.. n,,.,...,,
LEEP   wan   knitting   the   ravelled
Bleevo of eare.
"Why   not   knit   tho   hobble-
akirtf    It b amaller,"  we luggostod.
MBS. BEANS':   How rapidly  Einor-
son  grows!
Mrs. Cod: Yos; ho will bo in
short specs right away.
\S BS. HOWARD: 1 wonder who ttrnt
M   said "I'll oat my hat,"
Miss   Coward:    Some   woman
who wanted  to avoid  paying duty, I
fancy.
MBS. RUBBERTONi  After all, one-
hall' tlio world doesn't know how
tho oilier half lives.
Rubborton: Never mind, dear. That's
iio fault of yours.
I OUN:     Oh,     Henry,     when     would
you like to come up to tho club
to-morrow and play golft
Henry:   Why—er—1   can't   sn.v   for
certafu till  1—or—consult  my  wife.
Joliil: All right! Lot me know as soon
as she inakos up your mind,
...
•pKAclIIvB  (lo new scholar)—"How
1     dues it happen that your name ii
Alleu and your mother's uunio is
Brown ?''
Littlo    Lad     (aftor    a    moment's
thought)—"Well,   yon   boo,   it's  tins
way.   She married again aud I didn't."
...
BEIDOKT, 1   foci so ill  r wish you
would not go out to-day, Couldn't
you get what you are going  for
just as well to-morrowi"
"Faith, an' oi can—to-morrow or
anny day. I was goin' out to get me-
nilf a new job."
A FORT DODGE church onee gaye a
charity conceit where the L-est
tnleut volunteered—the city's
leading singers, olocutiouistB, and actors. At the end of tho concert the
chairman went up to the organ loft
and said to the little boy iu patched
clnllies. who had blown the organ:
"Well, Freddie, what do we owe you
for vour work this evening?" The little boy looked at the chairman in genuine astonishment. "Why, sir," ho.
said, "didn't the rest of the talent givo
tlieir servicesi"
ARCHBISHOP RYAN was visiting a
small parish in D mining district
ouo day for thc purpose of administering confirmation und asked ono
nervous little girl what matrimony
was. "it is n stnto of terrible torment which thoso who eater aro compelled to undergo for a time to prepare
Ihem for n brighter and better world,"
she said. "No. uo," remonstrated her
rector; "that isn't matrimony; that's
the definition of purgatory." "Leave
lier alone." said the archbishop; "maybe she is right. Whut do you and I
know about it?"
...
A SCOTTISH tourist wandering a-
bout the streets of Paris tome distance from his hotel found himself in a maze from which he could uot
,-«cape, and, to make things worse, he
failed through ignorance of the language to get. anv light to guide hil'l
homeward." Then a happy thought
struck him. H.v dint of signs he couch:,led a bargain with n fruit hawker
for it basket of gooseberries, and theu,
to lho amazement of everybody, he
went about shouting. "Fine Scotch
grozors, n penny a pua'!" This went
on for a while till a fellow-countryman
rushed forward, and seizing him roughly by the shoulders, nsked: "Mnn, d'ye
think ye're in tho streets o' Olescn, that
yo gang obout crying like a madman!"
"Ehl" he replied, with a sense of re-
■olief. "Ye'ro juist the maa I wis
looking for. D'ye ken the way to my
hotel?"
WERE vou sick vosterdny. Mr. Rob-
inso'n?" asked the head of tho
firm, '
"N'o,  sir,"  replied   tho  chief  clerk.
"Well, I didn't notice you at your
desk,"
"No, sir, I didn't como down town."
"H'm.    You know the rule here, do
vou not?   No omployeo is permitted to
be absont without a good excuse—sickness or an  : ident  or  something  of
that sort. I can'! permit you to tako
liberties thai are not enjoyed by other
peoplo who work in this establishment.
! I nover ara absenl myself unless there
is a very good reason. Did you stay
away  for  plcasuro or on  somo  other
! ace lunl I"
"i shall toll you the truth, Mr. Bui-
Jong.   It was foi, pleasure."
!    "Lad, sir—very bad.   I cannot permit it."
"Lul. lot mo explain, You see, my
wi '" was bo hoarse that she couldn't
talk, and 1 thoughi I'd like to spend
the day al  homo."
I "Oh, in thai caso, my boy, :t s nil
right.    Pardon  mo if I seemed  to be
MAKERS *'. h's Majesty," anl ••Imported'' are words that early
much woiglll to many minds It
is strango what a glory a foreign label
can cast upon u commonplace article.
The raid, of a commodity having cross
od   the  water,   however,   is   not   taken
nfty o"»WyUyonrs ago,   M. C. D, sii-
I  gives aa Instance in her "A Half-
ronton- iii Salem."
"Miss Ann JI. Bn"t was one of the
Iwo milliners. She had a large colloc-
lion uf finery, shelves full of handsome
ribbons, sod glass showcases of rich
emlireiileries, besides the inevitable
bonnets, ,
"Once she Imported a quantity of
exquisite French cans. The strings
woro somewhat crushed In transit across
the ocean. The caps were quickly disposed of. An aunt bought one. and
Misa Rust Innocently observed that a
warm iron would make tho creases all
r'.glit
"•'What!' indignantly exclaimed the
sunt. 'Smooth a crease mado iu Paris)
Mo, indeed, never!' "
I HIE genuine Yankee peddler passed
out of exiatonce witb the creation
of the "notion store"; but ho was
a most interesting character, astonishingly sharp and frequently auiusiug.
One such appeared in a general store iu
a Southern town oa ono occasion, deposited his pack on the floor and remarked to the tnerchact:
'' 1 guess I couldn 't drive a trade
wilh you. colonel?"
"I reckon you calculate just about,
right," wus tho decided reply of the
merchant, who had had dealings with
Yankee peddlers ou previous oceasioua.
"Oct out!"
'' Oh, well, don't get riled up—no
harm done. Now, just look at this
dozen genuine razor strops, easy worth
$3—let you hnve 'em for $2, colonel."
"I wouldn't touch any of your trash
—you get out!" the merchant declared.
"Well, now. colonel, I always liko
you what, I'll bet you *;j that'if you
make an offer for them strops we'll
make a trade."
"I'll go you," said the merchant,
"and," he added when the stakes had
been put up, "I'll givo you a quarter
for the strops." ,
"They're yourn, colonel." said the
Yankee, pocketing the wager.
THE   LAST   CORNER   OF   CANADA
(By W. D, Eaton)
Not because it was tha least or of
the least importance has this Northwest
corner of Canada been left for the lust.
Naturally those who were nuswerlng
the call of the West settled lirst in tho
open liehls where Ihey eould find themselves quickly and easily. Settlement,
liko traffic follows the line of least resistance. The settlement of the United
States was first on the Atlantic seaboard. Before the wostorn outposts
of civilization had reached mid-eon
tinent it jumped across what wa»
known as tile great American desert
and begun to pitch tents and build
cabins on the Pacilic. Across the land
that lay between the East nnd lho
West, transcontinental railways were
built, and beside the iron trails settlement  followed.
In the same way Cannda is being
conquered. The lirst settlement wus on
thc line of the Canadian Pacilic across
the prairie provinces, later where the
graders were building the Canadian
Northorn and later still where the pathfinders were sotting pegs for the Grand
Trunk Pacific. At first the settlement
was slow, thon it quickened ut the touch
of trai sportatiou and by tiie time the
new transcontinental line wns through
the rush was on. Even as the pathfinders blazed the trail through the
wills ef Central British Columbia, set-
l-M'S. adventurers, prospectors and land
grabbers swarmed in along that trail
until n considerabio portion of the
fertile valleys of British Columbia has
changed hands. With only a fraction
of tho resources of this great province
V'elnncd. w'th tier mineral regions uud
gull fields barely prospected, with her
timber wealth and fisheries almost untouched, British Columbia added last
year. $100,000,11(10 to the wealth of tho
world,
New tlmt the road, or at least Ihe
engineers wlio are laying out the rond
have reached Prince Rupert, the American financiers are turning their attention lo the Athabasca and to that great
unexplored empire known as the Mackenzie River basin. Longer and wider
than the Mississippi valley country,
with more native resources than most
sections of this size, this North country is sure to call the capitalists, the
explorer nnd the settler within Ilio
neur future. Already two railways
have been projected in that direction
and at le: st two others are looking lliat
way. Apart from the agricultural resources, vast and valuable "f I hem-
selves, here is a country capable of
creating tonnage for water and rail
transportation almost amazing in volume. The potentialilies ef the Peace,
lhe Athabasca ami the Mackenzie
River countries are so enormous that
a' plain description of what is here to
be seen, to be had and handled would
rend like a romance
in the trnnsportatio
lerials from this 1
nature has provided
Spent Four Hundred Dollars
"I have beeu a ehrooie sufferer from
Catarrh iu tho uose and throat for over
eight years. I think 1 have spent four
hundred dollurs trying to got relief. I
havo spent but six dollars on "CA-
TABRHOXONE," and havo boen completely cured, and iu fact have beon
well for some timo. Cuturrhozoue is
tlm only medicine I have been able to
find that would not only givo temporary relief, but will always cure permanently.   Yours sincerely,
(Signed) William Bugau, Brockville,
Ont.
Refuse auy substitute for Catarrhozone, 25, fiOc aud $1.00 sizes, at all dealers,
I
silver and gold, agricultural products;
and lisli sufficient to feed the continent.
It is amazing thnt tho railroad, thc
great pioneer, and eivilizor lias uot
reached iuto this treasure house of the
north. This wealth belongs to Alberta
and it would be u pity if political exigency should decree that it remain a
closed book. But it wil! not. Tlio call is
loo string, too persistent, the need of
transportation is too evident to be left
to politicians. 'I'he secret is out, the
pnth finder has pooped into the wilderness und the railway will follow,
ways,  river
lake.
as if to aid
ese raw ma-
hintor land,
an of water-
almost  iues-
•-,   i, ., —-_^A^^\tia name
•?;.; *' t"....'_-*a*"^ to romr-mbor
'__. '"•.•""'v/hen you need a rerrniiy
___^'i:- <"nuq_t______±_____.'->'-i
Shiloh's Cure
oulcWy slop* coorfbi,  com* e°ljlv ncaU
tlmable value tn tlic future generations
who will people tli" plains uu.! Brill
Iiouioh amouR tiie fir-clml hills of tliis
fur  Xorth   West.
OM [Iudsoii'B Bay fnctora know tho
wealth of theso wilds, nml they bnve
kopt the secret for centuries, hugging
t ns n miner hugs his honied gold to
PICTURES OF LOVE
My Bella te u t'lmnniug maid,
One of the  fairest  uf earth's  creatures,
lirowu eyes, browu hair, a trille staid,
Well   od',   ami   with   attractive   features;
She is a thing without a taint;
The one lly in my pot of honey
Ih that she think? that she can paint;
It's very funny.
Truth is an attribute 1 prir.c;
But in the processes of wooing,
When she displays tu my shocked eyes
Some dreadful daub that she was do-
i'g.
I praised it warmly on the spot;
I tailed it great—but meant to flatter;
It was a lie, but I did  uot       »
Think   it  would  matter.
Nor did it then,    Hut ever since
We  told  our luve   (wilh  some emotion)
Fate has inspired her to evince
The breadth and depth of lier devotion
With  gifts—not  goods  of silver, gold.
And   such—not   even   au   umbrella—
Hut pictures, awful to behold;
O Arabella!
t have a "Spring'' which  makes oue
creep,
"Autumn"   (the    trees    alone    ar«
muddy),
Some* things which T believe nre shee]
Ami    something    whicli    she calls a
"Study."
"Pawn ou tiie sands," in fleshly pink
A pair of blue sens and u green one,
And   u   weird   cow,   which   makes  y(
think
She's never seen one.
My humble walls were once belight
With   works' of sume  artistic  merit
Some bought, because thev pleased tbfl
sight;
Home, I  was unlucky to inherit;
Those welMtJve.) friends bave vanished
now;
Others   with   strange   and   startling
faces,
Headed by that  infernal cow,
Usurp  their   places.
7t may be, as my friends declare,
I err in being too fastidious.
Hot can the eye that holds her fair,
Seo   that   her   work   is   naught   but
b'deousl
And, tho1 I try to bear in mind
Tbe  thought   that   love   is  blind,  or
should be.
T am  not blind—I can't  be blind—
I wish t eould bo.
Aud yet, when Bella roams unchecked
About   tbe   room   whero   hung   those
pictures.
Aud  stands admiring the effect,
I (dean forget my private strictures:
The simple fact thai she te nigh
Seems to Improve their aspect vastly;
It's when the artist isn't by
That they're so ghastly
Tbe thicknpBs of the hairy covering
of the skin varies with the different
types of horse, the better bred horses
having the finest eoate. Hy clipping a
draft horse mny yield flva to eight
pounds «f hair. Prom this amount
down to ten ounces is obtained from
the lighter breeds.
The hair of tho horse's body is
chauged twice yearly. The growth of
tbe hair depends principally on environment. TIiub horsos iu a warm barn
bave shorter coats tban those kept in
a cold barn, etc. Temperature thus
regulates or should regulate, improper
or slighted grooming, a majority of
horses do not abed out early nor completely enough. This heavy eoat of
hair enufii's considerable sweating when
at work. After finishing they come iu
with wet coats wbicb muy not dry for
hours. This condition besides heiug
very uueomfortable expoHes them to
various diseases, especially pulmouary
troubles of all  kinds.
Clipping will overcome these conditions or nearly so.
Taking it nfl iu all, the benefit of
clipping horses eveu in thin cold cli* 1
mate cannot be overrated, provided it
it not accompanied by criminal negligence, such as driving hard and thou al j
lowing the horse lo staud in a cold
plaee without blanketing, as a dipped
liorse loses animal heat very rapidly,
a condition very beneficial while at
work, but needing clothing while al
rest.
If a little care ii taken you will find
your borse will do better," look better
and feel better clipped than undipped,
Raymond Hale, of South Qu'Apelle,
Saskatchewan, passed through Winnipeg on bis way to England to watch
the progress being made by Kid D'Or, j
his Saskatchewan bred colt, whicli is
entered for tho Epsom Derby. Mr.
Dale feels assured he has a starter ami
looks for getting great things from his
colt ou the English turf.
Several western buyers attended tha
repository aale at Toronto. H. Mc-
Lenagen got a load of nineteen aud
shipped them to Swift t'urrent, Sask.
W, S. McGrstb, York ton. Snsk.. also
brought ji load and Charley Mason
West. M. H. Bowke, Hattleford. Hnidt.,
took a load, while I. Hair, Oxbow,
Sask., was content with a nice looking
lot of ten.
Entry forms are now being distri-
trjbuted for the meeting to be held at
Xorth Hattleford, Sask., June 2li-'J8.
Oood purseB are ottered and the dates
have been selected so tbat the horses
ean take in tlie meeting nt SasknUua,
July 14.
.loe Carson, a Winnipeg horsoiMan,
has purchased Goldie &'., a fast, matinee pacer, from S. B. OuUihort, of
Portage la Prairie. The price paid was
$1,050, Mr. Carson will enter ber in
the stake oveuts thiB year whea she will
be'driven by Harney Haruen.
Announcement of a Futurity audi
Derby to be held at Edmonton, Alberta,'
in 1014 have beon made. A purse of
J3.500 is guaranteed for the futuritv
and $1,000 for the Derbv, entries fo*r
both dosing Dec. 3t, 1011. The futurity te open to foals born in Canada,
Minoosota, North Dakota and Montana.
A payment of $2 must be made at the
time of nomination with a further par-
ment of $.1 in March 19J2. $10 ia duly.
#10 in .,ecemher( with/final payments
amounting to $75 aud $50, respectively,
for   paeers   and  trottors.
The Driving Club of Kdinoutoa,
Alta., has completed a series of ft\«
ice meetings having had A, B and C
clnss races every nfUruoon for five
weeks in succession. The fustest time
in A Class was mado by Dalton McCarthy, whose record was 1:10-"J4 » d.
II. Pickering being the owner. Dr.
Mac. owned bv W. O. Kobhison, made
Useful Around the Farm
"Enclosed please Aud on dollar f«
which pleuse send iu« two large 5%*.
bottles of Nerviline. It is > remedy
that 1 do not care to be without. It v
especially good around th* farm is*
mun or* beast, Tke woret neural^*
it euros nt once. For a sold, seae
throat, or chest alTeetioa, nothing Sf
batter  than   Nerviline."
(Signed)  Richard Ifamlya.
French Biver, Ont.
Got Nerviline to-day. Sold by all
dealers, iu 2oc. uud 50e. battles.
Am
cut
iiariners.
liavo
Iut and Hie
„> ,,f their
fur-traders,
adventurers
h,. Iiml pnnt-
iratoil lo the heart of lhis royal region
mil tlic secret is out.
Ami now tlmt Hie secrets nf those
'Silent Places" have been found out.
money, the one thing essential to the
lovolopment of a new country, will 'i
nosing inland from Behrli
seen, bul they an' a silent
world is lit tie wiser been
gossip; but lately huslty
liardv pioneers aiul dc
panting for the Xew l
Hi   for   tha   wiitcr-l.r
freely
eese winging thel
rn nest int; grouud
lie will cry ol' tl;
llie
liy   mm
HI,, while the wild
wav 1.. these north-
will lie stnrtled Uy
Iron horse, Bkirtlng
IS   of   Hi
■:l;i', ill;
grounds.
And a lillle later, lhe placid waters
of tlio great lakes and the mighty riv-
ors of Hn' mui li shall fool the throb
of the screws nf freight boats .111.1 fee!
(lie swift passage of electric lighted ex-
cursion steamerB, from wlmsi. decks
tourists will watch romping wild
things playing upon tho shore and the
door family feeding on llie lily pods.
Apart from Hie opening of a new
wonderland for tourists, llie building of
the lirst railway line to thoso great
waterways will mnke possible Hie development of traffic which shall mean
more for Albevln, Edmonton ami Calgnry, than the Hudson Hay Bond will
mea'n to Manitoba nnd tn Winnipeg.
Leaving aside for the moment the
treasures that time will reveal, there
are mountains of reck salt and oilier
mountains so mineralized as to nftoct
the workings of the compass on thr
waters that throad Ihese wilds, For a
century or more natural gas lias been
escaping along these great waterways.
Thero are miles, acres at least, of asphalt.     Also   there   are   coal,   copper;
Mothers cnn easily know when their
children sro troublod with worms, and
jthey lose nn time in applying Ihe best
] of remedies—Mother Graves' Worm
I Hxtermitiator.
INCE the practice of clipping
horses was introduced it lias
grown in favor each year, reiving its .strongest endorsement from
I men who ore best qualified to judge as
I to its relative advantage nml worlh.
'lhat prop..tly employed clipping has
been conducive of a great ileal ol"
good thero enn I,,, uo doubt. Anything
Hint is nf pri.ven benelit to tile comfort,
health and vigor of the horse, thus adding lo his usefulness, beauty ami value,
is always welcome to horse owners nn.l
horse levers. For a horse tn bo kept
in a liii4li stale nf health il is neressarv
that he be pmperlv Btoblod, fed, oxer-
eisod, elulheil and groomed,   Tlm latter
is   ofti egloctod,   anil    as   a    ISO-
quenco Hie oont becomes rough nml
|conrse ami Hie pores nl' the skin get
clogged with dirt, grease, etc. The
j animal grows dismal, becomes hide
iboun.dj lice thrive und multiply, ecze-
,mu, manee. "cracked heels" prurltis,
grease In'ds and many, nther aliments
occur directly ur Indirectly duo to neglect or ignorant glooming, such neglect being due usually to difficulty of
I grooming a long-tailed horse, lack of
time, ete.
[11 these eases, clipping is the reine-
1 ily. Jinny of llm l-onblos mentioned
above will disappear, or if nnt, will
yield very readily to treatment.
;' The skin is the great eliminating
'organ nf the body; puro blood depends largely upon n perfectly healthy skin, with  open and active pores.
JUST ONE WOMAN
IN THOUSANDS
WHO CAN SAY  "DODD'S KIDNEY
Pli.LS MADE ME WELL!"
Mrs. Louis Delorme  who was always.
tired and nervous aud suffered from
Backache, tolls how sho found a cure.
St. Hose .lu Luc, Man.. April 3 (Special).—The story of Mrs. Louis Delorme, a well-known and highly respected resident nf 1 li iu plaee, is identical
witli that of thousands of other women iu Canada, lt is all tiie more interesting on tlmt account. She was
tired, nervous nnd worn out. Dodd's
Kidnoy I'ills cured her.
"I Buffered for (ivo years from Backache and too frequent urinations, which
destroyed my sleep," Mrs. Delnnne
states. "My head would n.-he, ami i
was always lired and nervous. My
limbs were heavy, and 1 hnd a drag
ing sensation aernss tho loins. Dodd s
Kidney I'ills mado me woll. I used in
ull tea boxes, lint they lixed me up."
Thousands of other Canadian women who havo not used Dodd's Kidney
Pills tire in just tile condition Mrs.
Delorme was ia heforo she used them.
Thousands nf othors who were in thai
condition ami wlm used Dodd's Kidney
I'ills, are now well and strimg.
We learn from the oxperionoes <»;
others, and Ihose experiences leach U--
that   the  weary   and   worn   women   ol
Cn In  eaa  find  relief iu  Dodd's Kid
ney Fills.
the fastest time lu B class, his time
being 1:14%. Billy Woods, owned to
Chas. McLeod, made the best time *
C clnss, his record being 1:11. Tbe re
suits of lho series were:
A Class—Pint, Daltoi McOartta,
owned by .1. II. Tickering; 2nd, Bt!
Slocum, ownod by O. C. Porter; 'iri
Fire Bells, ownod by Oeo. Timney.
B Close—First, Auuei dr. owned kf
R. O. Jackson; 2nd, Dr. Mae, owned «y
W. G. Robinson; llrd, Ollie M. i.itih
by A. E, Simpson,
C Clnss—First, Bertweod, owned b>
T. Hill; L'nd, Riley Orand, owned 9)
J. 11. Lyons; 3rd. Billy Woods, ow*e«
by  Charles   McLeod.
At the first duy's innering at Oal
gary, Alberta, an exhibit!*! mile wil
lie mnde by General M., owaed by W.
M. I'urslow of Calgary, and drivea anl
trained hy Goo. llaag of the saute eity
EXHIBITION SPEED PROOBAM
The speed programme for the Wra
nipeg — now Canadian — Iadaetrial
Exhibition, has boen issued ditriag the
week, and ita list of events reflects tbe
constant improving teadeney ef the
Bpeed committee from tho direetorata,
.Messrs. A. C. McRne, O. W. (tialia«,
Chas. Little, I. M. Kosa. D. R, SpragM,
Hugh Sutherland, Aldermen Adaase
Douglas and Potter, II. C. Sparges*
and W. II. Hatch.
This year racing will he held eoatia*
ously from Thursday, duly 13 to Thurn
day July 20th, thus bringing the meat
iag under the seven dav rule at Vt,
Dominion act (Miller Law). Thirtv
two events arc programmed, for wtia
an aggregate purse of ♦2J.SO0 is haag
np. This is three thousand dollo™ i.
en-ess of any former vear, anil allee
liiully upholds Winnipeg's clnuu e<
holding the richest half mile raee a,e«
1 a  A meriell.
The blue ribbon event sf the baa
meeting will be lhe Merrkaat't Pane
Freefor-AII, on the closing dar ef t-r
meeting, which win divide $8,509 be
Iwoon the winners. The Hotel K«m
era' S'luke. Mondny, 11:20 trot et l:i»
pace, is worlh $2,000, as is alee t*e
Chamber of Commerce Stake, 2:1* m
2:08, 011 Citizens' Dny. Fiftee* hna
ilred dollurs is hung np for the Urns
Exchange Stake, Friday, 2:10 or |:0»(
ami Ihore aro nine thousand *dbu
stukes or purses. Notable among these
are the Manufacturers' stake uad -nil
Kiver Purse, opening day; the Iim,
for this season's starters'; the Acw
boine Stake and the Commercial Tr»
velars' Stake Saturday; the elassie 8:9*
trot on Monday, Pioneers' day, whieh
luu been named lhe Kil.lonan ,lak»,
aud the Merchants' Purse, Wednesday
The usual amateur and ruarutig
events are given due prominent*.
The 'stake races dose April 15, _at
tssfl purse* July 1, and the rasning
purses lhe day before rack raee.
The race meeting will again be aader
the active direction of Chus. _, Trimble,
than whom no more popalar superie
temleut of (peed lias over bean atxa ia
the West.
FACT   PARAGRAPHS   FROM
EVERY   CLIME,
Nickel and bismuth both have the
icculiar property of expanding as
.hey cool.
Brass is the best rellectar of hew
if any metal.
Throe negroes have received the
V ic toria Cross.
At the level of the sea 100 oubic
iiiehes uf air weigh 31 grains.
M. <lc Vallycr established a n«ni>»
post in France as cary as 1651.
The dome of the Observatory »
Grenwich is made of papier mache.
Chocolate is served to the ladies ia
the churches of Mexico.
Carrier pigeons fly in calm weather
at an average rate of 1,200 vards s
minute.
It is said by anatomists that people
hear belter wuh their mouths opeu,
Sweden and Spain have lhe fetveet
alien residents.
^ Old-age insurance is compulsory ia
(Iermany.
Officers of the civil service in New
South Wales must insure their lives.
Salt works employes are said to b<
immune from cholera and scarlet
fever.
A watch ticks 117.000,000 times m
•1 vear. and lhe wheels irarel 3,55m
Ti-.ec  HU  Tested   It.—Pr.   Thomas'
Eclcctrie nil  hns  lu in Hie market
upwards  nf  thirty  years and   in   thin
ime it has proved :i blessing tn Hums
mils,    ll  is iu  high  favor throughout
'unndn nnd its exccllonce has carried
its   lame  beyond   the  sens,     ll   hus   ua
■qua] in the whole list of liniment*.
If it were double tho priee it would be
a cheap liniment.
DISTEMPER
Tliey CloanEo While They Cum—
Tiie vogetable compounds of whicli
Parraoleo's Vogetable Pilla are com-
posed, iiNiinty dandolion mul m nn.l rake,
clear tho pto'mncli antl intestines of de-
lot er ions matter and restore tho deranged organs to healthful action.
Henrn they' ;iro the best/remedy for
indigestion !w;i.ilabln today. A trial
of them will ostahlish tho truth of this
assertion and do moro to convince thfl
ailing tiinn anything that cuu be written of thrne pills.
P.'nk Ey*. Epizootic, Shlpplig
Fever and Catarrhal Few
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m-_im i
THE ISLANDER. CUMBERLAND, B.C.
Brides for the West
(By H. R *. Beenr, C.Ui.r'a)
"Wkite witk tuekt and lot. of laee."
Nwrlf thirty yeara kare passed
ateaa that letter tame witk instructions
tec tk. atyl. «f my bridesmaid frock.
Ibe prnpntirt bride kad been at
nknt a.t a yaar before and ber flrBt
ateUy fr.wa-ap dresses were boing
mads far trtasteaa. Quite au old man
ine t. marry kar—twentv-eight or. nine
-•** it waa whispered. lie used to
walk t» Hk..l with her sometimes, and
In ak. tald at hu had gone away out
Teal. Oft.a k« wrote to hor, and once I
iflNB.ssl»er ker refusing to go skating be.
aaase aka Must write und tliauk him for
a fift ak. kad received. Wo had never
**•**$**& *t a love affair, nor hud she
eatil tk. latter aim* telling of the
Aeafhta he was thinking—of her; of
tk. koaie ke wat building—for her; of
th. l.a.lia.at of life—without her.
Tkat djyt ska was grown up.
Thfti^ Mora our wonder hnd ceaaed
aft tkt thought of her going so far to a
lead that seemed as Heaven—for the
liv. that was given—the whole Eastern
eeuatry was tiled with brides for the
W«et. If oae man eould come East and
tak. a wife hack with him, what more
aatural than that a thousand should
Mlew hia tiainple, and the West besoms th. raeogni/.td destination for tha
tarts wha wer. to marryf
A y«ar .r two, aud the brides sent
heah fer titters, cousins, girl friends,
t. a. aad spend a season with them.
Maay af tha girls stayed in the West,
■at aa feasts, but—as wives, for, wheu
a greet Strang man appeals to a young
gsrl ia hia leaeliness and tells her that
If. will k. anbearable without her,
whatever ia tks to do but marry himf
A kerrikla weight upon one's con-
aasai.ase w.ald be a broad, six- footer
witk a qaarttr of a section attached,
nd it ia tka mea biggest in body and
miad wka appear tho veriest weakliuga
wk.a tkey bag for the mothering that
a wife will give.
Wk*a, instead of bidding God-speed
tt tka brides as they left for the West,
I waa aas.ag those who welcomed them
a* th»y arrived at Winnipeg, they came
mi manly ky thousands, but by tens
ttl tk.aaa.ds, eri.les, brides, bridosl—
af .v.ry a.adition, of every creed, of
evevf aatieaality; yet ench was distinc-
kra ia tkat the was a bride and to her
n**U k. givta tba making of a home.
TkM. frera tbe British Isles intor-
mttti aa aartisalarlv, not the ones who
Had eaaa. ta hotter their conditions,
Isit tke aiaay who, stepping from a
heakgr.asd ef tradition, stood fear-
amsay alas, gazing upon the rawneea
*t e aeaatry that waa but at  its bo-
fang. Thar, was not even the aonse
a.atrast ta them as there was for
bridn from Eastern Cnnada; it was
■Merry aalika auy condition they had
ar.r keaa sailed upon to face. Few
aasss t. lira in towns. Theirs were the
laskaads wha kad taken up land, and
takes it ky stations rather than acres,
ftaaa hi idea af farming wus to drive
whiiy abaat the estate and—then go a-
haati>|. Their brides accepted the
enati»as, weat to dwell upou the laud,
mt sa.de same of the most exquisite
sMMefs far tke historical background
sf Caaada's West that mortal could
*a**m af. Few realised the life as
hit .wa Ufa. At first tbey were mere
aaiU.k«rs at tkeir own play, yet, whea
Urns* mad. an impression and uucon-
saWaaly, ia their children, they ae-
Ba.wMgad tha realities of living, tbey
IM M witk a grate that astonished
aatir.-k.ra Canadians. To these won-
festal w.si.b af the Motherland the
fctpiss .was mack. They brought with
akaa t. Caaada not only tbe customs
mi asaaaars of the best lifo of the
■na. ialaada, bat their material treas-
mm all., aad, above all, minds that
inr. .tared with those possessions that
I aawer e.uetry has often to give up
•kaa ia ita making and then strive
im, almnt kliadly, for centuries after.
IImt gar. af these mind possessions
t. tk. people witk whom they came in
nataet—tkey breathed them into their
Mina, aad all through Western Canada, teday, you will And towns upon
■km tk. impress of a cultured wo-
ana'a asind have been left; ranches—
mslik. .rdiaary ranches—because a
British kride once dwelt there and lired
kn Mf. as eke felt life should be lived.
tsm* ia aa indescribable charm about
aten plant; ao one knows what exact
^—kat it ia there, impressed upon the
Mr ..aatry ao indelibly that it is said
ta a. a )part af the West, and so it is—
Aa gsti that Britiah brides hare given.
Aa Irish Girl's Romance
Iher. waa the Irish girl, with a grace
»t aarriage that was the marvel of all
«k. nw kar, and a charm of manner
kaat waa gratitude from tbe rery sod
n it waa turned orer, and she crooned
Sara it, wishing that it might over
tk with ita fas. toward the auu. Sliu
d fallowed her Irishman from a
nitlt, ud they were wedded in the
•ttl. aharch aot a hundred miles from
Ifce ftkaak t. wkieh ha took her—thoir
kana, twa noma and a loan-to. A few
af km treasures the placed about the
■Mna, kat there was no apace for her
taaake, n they were buried—"to make
mm* tn th*m," ibe aaid. The loro of
•ia krid.l It waa like a ware of sun-
dkan .boat everything. The wit of
ker! Tke akeer of herl And, ohl the
(treaty af tkem bothl Tbe poverty tor
kaa. tkinga called the necessities of
at*. Tkey kad land, and the Irishman
mrkad it aa beet he knew how, and a
eWerftl working it was, for the land
<mU alwaya wait, while a day'a shoot-
Is* » riait to a hundred-mile-away
■a^bker, oould nerer be put oil. If
mtylhng same from the land, it wu
*vea away, and Indiana camped about
Ban ki season and out. A motherly
aaaav task tharge of the house, and
fm em Hta af tinning treasures wonld
af Attntad Valae.—Partacyee's
  Pilla ara tka reenlt of can-
fat Italy af tka properties of certain
reeks and kerbs, aad tba action of aaek
m ladatiTit aad laxativn on tka di-
gaaakra apperatat. Tke tucctn tke
tinpaaadara kare met witb attntt the
rata, af tkair work. Tkese pilla hare
hna nngaind for many yeara aa tka
is*** etaaaeert of tka tystem tkat caa
aa nt. TWr txeoll.nee waa recog-
akni from tke int aad tkey grow
a«n popalar daily.
ba taken from the unearthed trunks
aud given aa payment. Babiea cam.
sueh beautiful twins—with no one to
attend to their coming but th. squaws,
and the shack was added to. Hut summer auns beat down, and an awning of
grain sacks was put over the roof of the
lean-to. This was tne great luxury—
their gallery, their piazza—laughingly
it was called by every grand uame.
Sods were built into a semblance of
steps, and during tho loug, long evenings the Irishman aud his bride would
mount to the roof with their bit of
supper, forget that there were such
things as musquitos, and revel in ro-
intuibranco and hope. I verily believe
the Indians worshipped those people,
aud if they gave what thoy had to the
red mtn the Indians shared also their
spoils with them. Fur tho sake of
seeing how hor gay gowns looked, the
Irish woman guve tbem to supple-
limbed Indinn girls, and great was the
joy of all when they donned them.
The twins were running about barefoot, two babies liad followed, when
word was sent back that death had
come in quick succession to those in the
horns laud, and the Irishman was heir
to a great estate. The grief of the
Indians wben the shack was ompticdl
Tt was pitiful. And years after, when
the girl twin came, a bride, to the West,
her first eare was to seek the squaws
"who hnd been kind to my mother
whsa ahe wai a bride."
A Scotch Lasaia'i Story
I had needed a charwoman, and when
I beard tho voice of the one who came,
I stood astounded. Do you know the
soft cadence of the Edinburgh Scotch
toaguef The tones of tbe scholarly
class that picks out each word like a
note of music f It was beautiful, and
the Scotch woman was saying: "But
what shall I do flrat t" I hesitated
before saying anything, for ahe was so
mueh iu earnest in her work. But at
the end of the day I plucked up courage.    "Toll mt about itt" I pleaded.
"How did you know!" ahe asked,
and then anxiously: "I hoped I did not
show it."
It was such a simple tale to her—
the daughter of a university professor
married to a Cambridge man. Too
mueh study, and land given in Western
Canada upon which to live the outdoor
Ufa and regain physical strength for
the husband. Not the right kind of
knewledge—prairie fires and many
losses; finally everything gone, thou
eomiag to Winnipeg to look for a position. The wife bail learned to work
bard—ahe wns strong—and charring by
the day meant actual money in hand,
and there wns no lack of employment.
The brave, dainty bit of womankind]
It was only upou pretext of work that
I could get her to come to me, and it
was loug before she loved me sufficiently to share with me her quaint
humor, hor beautiful thoughts: and the
day she sang for me I wns in glory I
There was tbe little girl—Ellen. Only
ont Ellen in the world. She wat physically beautiful, but there was a greator
loveliness. We spoke of it sometimes,
"Slie'e far, far too bonnie," the mother would say, and sho always shook her
head. Ellen was a healthy child and I
could not understand.
One day an appointment came for
the husband, an appointment that none
but the most scholarly man could fill.
They went fnrther West. Years later
I wat awaiting my turn at a Hudson
Bay counter. An exquisite piece of
womankind was before me. I heard
her voice, those notes of Edinburgh
Scotch. She and her husband were in
town meeting some distinguished scholars. Thoir time was much taken up
with Bocial matters, bat she gave me
an hour—a rare, rare hour all to myself.
"And Ellent" I aaked as ahe was
leaving. "You have told mo nothing
of  Ellen."
Ellen wbb Tiding wild about the prairies. She had a governess, but there
were no children to play with. The
mother thought of taking her to Scotland and putting her to school with
other girls. "I think it all over, but
whan it comes to tho timo of leaving
her at borne my heart fails me; Ellen
ia far, far too bonnie."
She could no more have gotten back
to the littlo girl before a note came to
me:
"Little Ellen haa gone home."
But the scrap of writing was on paper bordered with black.
Aro those sad tales for bridet to
readf No, just tho incidents of the
day that art bits of romance at yeart
go on, and become as tbreade in tho
weaving of tradition for our country!
And the matchmaking! How could
it be else with thousands of men without wives and tome thousands of women who had already bcen won, but
who each knew of some one who had
notf And it was delightful, this
matchmaking. Aa a woman of lineage
and learning stepped from a train very
for WeBt the was noticed by the ranchman for whom, undoubtedly, tbe had
been aent. ne bad heard much of her,
and the little matron upon the ranch
adjoining hiB had had written pagea
about him; then the girl came out to
spend a aeaton. Bhe waB tired, the
wat eager to tee her friend who had become & Canadian. She did not take
time to look at herself before aha left
the train, and one lock had fallen out
of place—only one, bnt that ranchman
noticed it, He wai atandlng apart;
he had net come to meet her, but to
look on. When men have been thtir
own housekeeper! for a season, tidiness
apptala to them aa the greatest of
charms.
Behind the English aunt stepped her
maid, a trim, piquant little French girl.
She waa not tired; ahe had ao one to
meet her; lhe had taken time to look
at heraelf, and— 'twaa the maid the
ranekman married.
Tea timn a Scoteh woman nnt home
for house kftlp; not ona mall did the
keep for more than a month. (Aad
the Oorernaent says keep Chinamen
out of tkt country! Don tht Oovernment de ita awn hannworkt Remember, ao nan tnateket a Chinaman fretn
yoa Wore ke kaa waaked tkt dinner
diakn.)
Witk tot-aod-drled theorln mea, tea,
enter tke matchmaking arena.    Bring
English wivn for Englishmen. Let the
Irishman hear hia home brogae when
hia wife ehteri him. Aad with laudable
intent tbey aet about carrying them
out. . How it it that Wnttrn tchool
regiitere art filled with such combinations as Giovanne O'Flarity, Mary
Jane Kisskumskl, aad the likef Let
the theorists answer.
Whtn the present governing power
was ushered in at Ottawa, fourteen
years ago, a man from the West who
had taken bis bride to a prairie town
obtained a seat in tht Dominion Cabinet. To him is owed the vigorous im
migration policy that hai populated the
Wctt with euch amazing rapidity. It
was thtn and through him that tht
Government took a hand in the match
making. Following the Government
came tho railway builders—they wanted traffic, as the Government bad
wautod population. Manufacturers uot
to be out of the gamo, and craving
trade, also mado matches, and down the
scale on and on it came, until tht individuals agaiu entered with aett into
the policy of "lecuring proper bridet
for our western men."
Hub thoro ever in the world's history bcen such a great big romancing
ground aa our Canadian West? And
thc lovely part of it il that no one
calls it by its real name. People
speak of commerce, of evangelization
—of lots of conditions, but it all ineaut
—brides for the West.
Fifty Million Bridei
Upon good authority I quote: "Within this present century we will see
Western Canada inhabited by ono hundred million people I" In my own way
of doing turns I divide by two and
count that one-half will be men and the
other half brides. Fifty million brides
for Western Canada before the year
twenty hundred. Where ara theyt All
over.
CABICATUBES OF THS ANCIENTS
There it plenty of evidence to thow
that the ancionta were not without a
liking for fun. In certain remains of
tbe art of long-gone days sre shown
examples of artiBtic humor, and more
commonly than might be supposed.
For instance there is a drawing on
a tile exhibited in one of our museums
that shows a eat dressed as an Egyptian lady ot fashion. The figure it seated languidly in a chair, aipping wine
out of a small bowl, being fanned tbe
while and offered dainties by an abject-
looking tomcat with hia tail between
his legs.
The cat, indeed, figuret very largely
the ancient comic pictures. In a
papyrus in the Britiah Museum a flock
of geest are being driven by a cat, and
a herd of goatt by two wolves, with
crooks and wallets. One of the wolvot
s playing a double pipe, quite iu the
fashion of old Pun.
There it thown in tht multum of
Turin a papyrus roll that ditplayt a
wholo tenet of tuch comical sccuos. In
the first place, a lion, a crocodile, and
au ape are giving a vocal and instrumental concert. Noxt comes an ass,
dressed, armed, and sceptred liko a
Pharoah. With majestic demeanor ho
receivos the presents presented to him
by a cat of high degree, of whom
bull acts at proud conductor.
The lion and a gazelle arc playing at
checkers, a hippopotamus is perched in
a tree, and a hawk bas climbed up, too,
and is trying to dislodge the rivor-
horse.
Another picture shows a Pharaoh iu
tbe shape of a rat, drawn in a carriage
by prancing greyhounds. He is proceeding to storm a fort garrisoned by
cats having uo arms but teeth and
claws, whereas thc rats arc provided
with battle-axes, ahieldt aud bowi and
arrows.
will  be  shown  by  instructive  models
and photographs.
Although it is impossible to exclude
germs ns completely in the dairy aa in
the operating room aud tht bacteriological laboratory, it it possible oven
in small establishments, to maintain
a standard of cleanliness' which will
entirely exclude visible dirt from tho
milk and will reduce bacterial contamination to a minimum.
These exhibits are designed especially to show what can be accomplished under the conditions of practice and
to provo that hygienic reform rather
increases than diminishes the profits of
the milk business. Tho small farmer
who_keeps one or two cows will derivo
particular benefit from the exhibition
of improvements, which have stood the
teat of experience, in stable construction and equipment.
There will ulso bo nn exhibition of
sterilizing appliances and a demonstration of the alteration produced in milk
by stcrilizution. Many of tho germs in
milk show astonishing vitality aud resistance to bucteriul agents, but radical and violent sterilizing processes
generally injure thc quillity of the milk.
The problem is to uvoid the evils
flowing from this source, tuch as
"Barlow's disease," caused by feeding infants with milk boiled too long,
and yet to destroy the bacteria.
Finally there will be an exhibit of
improved methods and appliances employed in making butter aud ehoeso,
and demonstrations of tho nutritive anil
pecuniary value of these and other milk
products, including the commonly under-estimated skim milk. In this section it will be shown tbat although bacteria aro generally injurious, certain
bacteria are vory useful in the production of kumyis, kefir and other val
uable milk products.
A DEMONSTKATION OF THE POS-
8IBILITY OF A HYGIENIC
MILE SUPPLY
Many conditions injurious to tbe public health are ttill maintained through
thoughtless adherence to traditional
practices, but this evil will be grad
ually abated at the labors of the men
who hare devoted their energies to the
promotion of hygiene become more
widely known and appreciated. Thia
result will probably bo promoted by the
International Hygieno Exhibition
which will toon be opened at Dresden
at wblch, according to Hygieia, the official organ of the exhibition, the question of milk supply will receive consideration commensurate witk its great
importance.
This section will be especially interesting because it will show how well
science and commercial indnatry can
work togethor in this field and will
demonstrate tho practicability of a hygienic milk supply. It will contain a
model laboratory equipped with oppara-
tuB for the practical application of
methods of research. Tho development
of methodi of examining milk it obviously of capital importanco, for accurate and easily applied testa of milk
for chemical composition, physical properties, alterations, adulterations and
impurities of overy sort are neceasary
to tho establishment of rational and
hygienic methods of milk production,
supply and utilization, and to the formulation and enforcement of legal restrictions.
Tho bacteriological itndy of milk hat
revealed conditions of alarming import.
It has long been known'that tho high
death ratt among infanta in tht first
year of life it cautod chiefly by bacterial Infection, and it baa been learned more recently that tnbercnlotis, typhoid fever and cholera, as woll aa the
dreadad tummer diarhooa of children,
are often propagated by Impure milk
and milk producti. Through the caro-
lessnesi of tho rural population, especially, milk is often contaminated with
thc germt of both bovine and human
diteases. Tbe exceedingly complex constitution of tbt visible dirt to often
found in milk will bo fully illuttrated
at the exhibition.
The reform mnat commence on the
farm aa the evil wrought by unclennli-
nett in the itable and dairy can with
difficulty be remedied. Hence hyglen-
iita dtmand the introdnetion of atcptie
methodi to an extent which appeara ex-
centre at firtt glanoe, bnt whieh ia
ao practicable that it ll already in practice  In many model dairy  farmt,  ai
JHfc&B
THE CONQUEST OF THE AIB BY
THE CHEMIST
In the editorial column of Metallurgical aud Chemical Engineering the
fixation of atmospheric nitrogen by
electrical processes is made tho subject
of the following pointed comments:
"If we leave aside early and isolated
experiments, the endeavor of the chemist to transform the inert elemental
nitrogen in atmospheric air into some
nitrogen compounds of commercial
value hat extended on a tyttematic
basis and on a relatively large scale
ovor a little more than the last decade.
Tho more we learn of tbo different processes—differing essentially in tbe type
aud detign of the arc furnace employed
—tho more it appears that with respect
to tho yield of grammes of fixed nitrogen in form of IiN'03 per kilowatt-
hour there is not much choice between
them; little if any progress has been
made in this respect over the nnlucky
Niagara Falls pioneer plant of Bradley
and Lovejoy. Perhaps this ii uot to
very astonishing since in the essential
principle all tbo processes aro alike.
"But progress has been made in raising the concentration of NO in the gas
mixture which leaves the furnaee, and
very much progross iu simplifying the
detign. Without making any invidious
comparisons, tho enormous advance
mado iu simplifying the construction is
evident; this must find its expression in
dollars and cents in the first cost of
tho plant. How important this is for a
new industry will be clear to anybody
only slightly acquainted with the ways
of capitalists, who are, after all, very
human like the rest of us.
"With respect to tht yield of fixod
nitrogen per kilowatt-hour wo may compare tho nitrate process with the calcium cyunamidc process, which, though
esentiully different, is nlso a method if
atmospheric nitrogen fixation. If one
kilowatt-hour produces 70 grammes
HN03 it binds 16 grammes of nitrogen.
On tho other hand, in good commercial
cynnamide practice oue kilowatt-hour
binds somo 70 grammes of nitrogen in
form of cyanamidc. Naturally such a
comparison, though interesting, ii quite
one sided.
"In a recent discussion before tbo
New York teetion of the American
Electrochemical Society Dr. M. Loeb
pointed out that as the formation of
NO from air at tbo temperatures of tho
arc represents equilibrium, the attempt
should bo made to remove the NO in
some way from tho air by absorption in
some suitable body so that in order to
re-establish equilibrium new NO would
be formed, etc. Dr. Whitney pointed
out thnt such absorption might be very
difficult at tho enormous temperature of
the arc. Yet the principlo is plausible.
Iu Haber's synthesis of ammonia—another instance of fixation of atmospheric nitrogen—such absorption is carried out and makes tho process really
practical. But here we work in the
cold and absorption is comparatively
easy. Clearly, the wholo subject is in a
state of evolution. It was first vigorously attacked by clcctrochcmists with
their inborn insurgent spirit. It is now
being taken up by conservative business men. Sucb a combination must
provo invincible in the end,"
TEACHING THE SERGEANT
ne was an awkward, ungainly youth,
fresh from the plough. The result of
half an hour's carnost conversation
witb tho local recruiting sergeant was
that he enlisted, being firmly convinced
that a militar.; life afforded far better
opportunities for adventure and honor
than the monotonom task of following
tho plough. Being sent along with another batch of reci-.its to the depot for
training, he was speedily nndeceired.
Placed on the square under the eye of
a stern old sergeant, who believed thnt
rapidity of motion was essential to develop tho muscles, his brain was in a
state well-nigh bordering on confusion
at the constant reiteration of the various words of command.
"Front turn," "Left turn," "Right
turn," "About turn," bellowed forth
Bt intervals of one minute, sent his
brain in inch a whirl that at latt, in
sheer desperation, he threw down hit
riflo and laid:—
Look here, lergeaut, tha doetna
knoo thy own mind two minutes together. Which bally way don tha want
ut to turnf"
THB OADDBR'S BUBAIYAT
Whtn you are eating In th* Dining Car
Try not to nit the Knits.   A sudden jar
May eann the Knife to .lip and eut
your Mouth,
No matter how experienced yoa art.
Parli Hu tulallt Heeerd.
London hat fewer suicides than any
other great capital.   Wiile Paris has
four hundred itricides for each million
la year, London haa only ninety.
Jadging from what one can glean
from caeua! observation, very little attention is paid in rural districts, to
the manner in which horses are driven.
Iu fact, the subject is treated as one
upnn which no instruction is necessary.
or one about which thoro is little, if
anything, to learn.
Voung people of the farm just take
to it, as they take to many other everyday things that must necessarily be
done, with practically no instruction
from anybody. That they get aloug in
somo sort of a way, there is no doubt,
as they manage to do their work aud
get about.
This would lead one to enquire if
there is anything much in driving, or
whether it is a subject worth studying
and cultivating a knowledge of.
As a matter of fact, there is a good
deal to leoru about it, and the differ
once between a slipshod driver and an
expert one is immeasurable,
One has only to take an opportunity
of observing the difference in tho performance of tbe same horse when driven by nn uncultivated driver and then
by au expert one, to realize that thore
is much to loam about driving.
This is pretty generally recognized
when the object is to bring out the
speed of a horse; but when speed and
action'arc aimed at, tho expert driver
con cause a perfect transformation of
an animal, when compared with a performance given by an unskilled one.
There is undoubtedly such a thing as
an aptitude for driving. Somo persons
could never become really skilful drivers, no mntter how much they cultivate
it, as they are temperamentally unfitted for high-class work of this kind.
They might become fairly good drivers,
but never experts. Thoro is something
about tho nervous organization of some
individuals that gives them a delicacy
of tonch, or what is called "good
hands, ' aB applied to drivers, that confer upon them a special aptitude for
driving.
It can be explained in the same way
that some people are light on their feet,
and can readily become easy and graceful dancers. They may bo heavily built,
and show no evidence from their makeup of the likelihood of their being
lightfooted; but they are, aud sueh an
attribute can only be explained by referring to tho nervous organization of
the individual.
Analogies of this sort conld still be
further given, but we ore not eo much
concerned in explaining the causes of
oertain aptitudes as wo aro in endeavoring to point out some of the common
faults in driving.
The difference between good and bad
driving are not eo apparent in the
handling of work horses as in those
used for faster work, but even iu them
faulty handling shows itself.
The slipshod driver is vory much
in evidence behind work horses. You
see them driving a pair with one horse
ahead of the other; he is simply hold
iug the reins, not driving at all. He
makes no attempt to keep the draft of
both horses evon; ho docs not feel their
mouths, keep them collected and balanced.
Whether a horse is pulling a load or
going behind a "foolspnce," ho should
be kept "collected," as bo does his
work more comfortably, and does not
fatigue so easily.
A horse is "collected" when his
hend is kept in position, nnd all tbe
muscles of his body are in a state of
contraction. When a man is running
or wnlkiug fast, he closes his hands by
contracting tbe muscles of the arms
and hands, in order to koep himself
collected. If be did not do so, propul
sion would cause him greator effort.
So with the horse, if he is exorting
himself cither in travelling or in pull
■ing a heavy load, light but steady
pressure on the bit assists him in keeping collected nnd balanced.
Looso-rein drivers nover improve a
carriage of tho head and neck, and are
apt to spoil his gait by getting bim
into the habit of "hitching."
By keepiug a horso collected and
balanced, the fore legs are not so apt
to suffer from tbo ill-effects of concussion and strain.
If tbe hoad is kopt up and tbe nose
in, in travelling, the foro legs aro relieved to some extent, as' moro weight
is then thrown on the hind extremities.
Heavy-handed drivers also inflict much
injury on a horse, and cnuso him much
discomfort. They are apt to mako his
mouth sore, get him into had habits in
connection with tbat orgau, such us
aide-lining, pulling, tougue lolling, etc.,
and cause him to mix his gaits.
Tho driver's aim should be to man
ipulate tho reins with a light, but firm
and steady band.
It is usually ncccssnry to exert moro
force in manipulating tbo reins in
speeding a borse, in order to steady
him, but injury to tho month can
usually be avoided by using an easy
and comfortable bit.
The skilful drivor is always careful
to observe if the bit is in tho proper
position in the mouth of the horso bc
is driving. If it is too low, he will not
force it firmly, and ht is apt to get his
tongue ovor it. It it is too high, he
will not readily respond to the pressure
of it, and consequently bo is apt to
pull, cross his jaws, open his mouth,
and project his tongue.
Placing a bit too high in the mouth
is a very fertile cause of getting a
horse into bad habits in connection
with the mouth, and is apt to spoil tho
carriage of his head and nock.
Tb. manner of holding the reins
and whip, and the posture of the driver, are of much moment in skilful
driving.
It has been found ont by experience and study of tha art of driving
that the reina sbonld bt held in a certain way in order to eontribute to the
ean, grace, safety, and dexterity of
th. drivor.
curb bit* ara used, and style ia neekt
for.
I" tho former case, the drive* u-
snaies nn attitude and holds tk. r.iu
in a manner eo thnt ho can exert al
his force in controlling and steadviag.
lis braces himself, with legs stretched
forward and arms extended, witk a
rein running ovor the palm of eitkar
fingers, with tho straight whip tarried
ia tho right hand.
In ordiunry driving, etpecially wkw
a curb-bit is used, the reins skoald ke
sepuraled with tho flrst two fingers »t
the left hand, the ends pissing nt *t
tho lower part of it. Tht thumb skoald
bo held with the point upwards, a*t
pressing down firmly upon tht reint.
The wrist should he bent, so that tk.
knuckles nro turned towards the waiet,
and tho elbow is bent at the left aid*.
Tho hand should be held at a height
approximately opposite the waist-ban*.
The right hand holds tht whip, at
about ten inches from the end, tk.
lash-end of it is directed upwards, forwards, and towards the left. Nothing
looks moro unworkmanlike than graining the whip at or near the axlrama
end.
Tbe left hund should always ka kept
in the same position; but the rigkt .a.,
besides holding the whip, ahoald ke
used tn assist the left.
Tht lower part of the right heat
may rest upon tho off-rein. In froat af
the left, to assist in steadying the lea
sion of the reins, also in turniaf tr
guiding it may be used on either. B
the left hand requires aid ia txertiag
traction, the right placed in froat, aai
dividing the roini by the two middle
Angers, may assist it; and alae, ia
shortening tht reint, the right hail
pushes tbem back between the luen
of the left.
The near roin is always held ipper-
most, passing over the index fingtr wl
the left hand, whilo the off-rein paten
between tbe tecond and third flngtra
The position of the driver ihoald ke
easy and unconstrained, but approximately ereet, with arms dropping al.ag
the sides, and elbows squared at tk.
waist. The lega, from the knees d.wa
wards, suould slant slightly backwards,
and tho driver sbonld not sit to. fn
back in his scat.—Dr. T. C. Greaaid.,
in the 0. A. C. Review.
WONDERFUL HENS
An American, spending his holiday,
in County Roscommon, Ireland, fell ia
tt conversation with a native, who wu
feeding bis bens.
"I guess, Pat, yon haven't as aeo4
hens hero as wo have in the Statea."
"Perhaps not," snid Pot.
"I'll tell you," said tht Yankee,
"about a hen my mother had. She weat
out one day and ate a feed of core, eel
returned and laid twelve egga. Ska
went out the next dny and ate a feed
of corn and laid twelve moro egga. Ska
went out the third day and retaraod
and laid twelve more eggs. She went
out tbe fourth day and hatched ssvntr
two chicks ont of the thirty-six eggis
Now tnat is tho kiud of hen we have ia
tho States."
"Well," said Pat, "111 tell yea
about a half-blind hen my mother had.
Sho ate n feed of sawdust, thinking it
was oatmeal. Sho went to her neat aai
laid a plank twelvo feet long. Ste ***
more sawdust the next dny, and agaia
laid a plank twelvo feet long. Agaia,
on the third day, she nte more tawdatt,
nnd laid another twelve-foot pUak.
She sat on the three planks and kattkel
three kitchen chain, a sofa, one table,
and u mahogany chest of drawers.
Now," said Pat, with a twinkle in kit
eye, "that is the kind of hen we hare
in Roscommon."
tangkt thll way of driving io their
Tonth, fnd it hard to adopt it in late
life, and noff at tha idea of there btlng
a "beat way," "at they get along
rery well in tht way thty picked np
themnlvn," but thty sever make
Initktd driven. There ll a grnt dnl
of difference bttwten tht manner of
holdiif the reint whan irirlaa trotters
aad ordinary driving, especially when
A TICKET-MAKING MACHINE
According to tho Engineering Newt
ticket-making machine has recently
bcen installed by the Long Island Bail-
road Company at ItB Flntbush Areaw
station in Brooklyn, N.Y. The machine was manufactured in France,
where n number are said to be in nr-
vicc, nnd is the first one of itB kind te
bo used in America. By its use tke
ticket agent can in n few seconds make
ticket between tbo issuing atatioa
and nny other point on tho division.
Besides the two stations thc ticket aln
i the dato of issue, tho purcban
price, and a number, dependent npea
tho clnss and destination. Four clam,
of tickets may bo issued, whole fare
one way or excursion nnd half fare oae
way or excursion. Besides the ticket
tho machine also prints two paper record slips for tho use of tho auditing
depnrtment and acts as n cosh register
by recording the total sales. The stations nnd kind of tickets are indicated
on dials on top of the machine. Than
nro Bet by the oporntor, who pushes a
lever which brings tho plates int. position, a smnll electric motor then t.m
pletcB the operation. It is snid that
tho mnchino is so satisfactory that .tk
ers will bo installed.
VACATIONS FOR CATTLE
In western Australia ono farmer may
be heard to inquire of anothor whether
be has ns yet sent hie cattle on their
vacation, nnd what is meant is Just
what is nsked. Those farmers who lire
nnywhoro nenr tho const—and in An
trnlin "near" might menn a dittantt
that would startle dwellers in other
lands—send their cattle for a month or
six weeks' holiday at the senshore nth
summer. The change of air nnd food it
said to be oxtremely beneficial. The
grass on the const is impregnated with
salt and has tho effect of a tonic on tk*
inimals.
Thomns Coleman DnPont, preeidaat
of tho E. I. Dn Pont de Nomonra Pew
der Company, kaa offered to build at Ua
own cxpento, a splendid highway, HM
miles long, from end to end of the Mate
of Delaware, costing $3,000,000, if tke
commonwealth will agree to maintain
Borne   drivers   who   have   not  boen '**>* r«*d after itl eonttrnctlon.   Tke of
fer is unique in tke annala of philaa-
Ihropie activities on the part of mil
llonairet. Mr. Dn Pont't horn. - at
Willmmgtoa Delaware.
Cerm cripple tho feet aad Bake
walklig a torture, yet sure relief In tke
thape of Hollowly's Corn Cnn la witk
la rneh of all. THF. ISLANDER, CUMDETILaND, B.O
ONLY
A FEW
LOTS LEFT
ON MAIN STREET.
Get in at Original Prices.
G. R. BATES,
REAL   ESTATE   AGENT
COURTENAY
PUBLIC SERVICE ACT.
THE qualifyingoxamiiintioiia *orTi ird
class Clerks, Junior C> k- nd
tttehographeri will bu held at the t liuw-
nt pitcuu, oumnium u»g ou Muu.uv tho
tia July next:—Armstrong, GhilliWHOk,
Ouaiberlund, GoliUm, Graud Forks Kam-
In. \,.. Knsiu, Kilowita, Ladyaiuith, N»i
niiuo, Kelson, New Westminster, Nurtli
Vancouver, I'ladiUnd, Kevelstokejt to-
land, SSa-intiii Arm, Summer laud, Vau-
couter, Veruon, and Victoria.
Candidate* must be British subjects be
tween the ages of 21 and 30, if fur Third
cIim Clerks ; and betweeu Iti mid 21, it
fur Junior Cleiks or stenographers.
Applications will not be accepted if re*
coired later than 15th June next.
Further information, together with application forms, tn;ty bo obtained from
tiie undersigned.
P. WALKER,
Registrar, Public Service
Victoria, B. C, 27th, 1911. ap27
lfif I
Local Agent for
The London & Lancashire
Fire Insurance Co.
Get rates before ins uring elsewhere
Office: Cumberland
RESERVE
NOTIOE it hereby givon that all vacant Crown landt not already under reserve, situated within the boundaries of the Land Recording Dittiict. nf
Cariboo and Llllooet, and tbe Kamloopt
Division of Vale Laud Recording Distinct, are reaorved from any alienation
under the "Land Aet" except by pre-eni
ptiiiu.
RniiEivr It. Rkjtwiok
Deputy Minister uf Landi
Deportment of Lands.
Victoria, R. C, April 3rd ,  1(111
HT   STUD
&T-^2X1DJ-JZIJD &c   EEOISTEBED
KING   ARNOLD
nsro.   4=5712
WILL BE FOR SERVICE QURING THE SEASON r,
TERMS:-$25 TO INSURE, $10 AT TIME OF SERVICE, BALANCE
WHEN MARE IS KNOWN TO BE IN FO   L.
APPLT:  JDJ-JST.   KILPATEICK:.
— mmtmni
WE
have recently received
a carload of
McLAldHUX
Carriages &
Buggies,
and ate wspavcl to qnote you\[Lowest
Prices and Best '/arms   rj
Give us a call
McPhee &
Morrison
 GP.NliHIll.    MBKCI1HNTS	
Courtenay
THE
$1.50
a Year
in   advance
CANCELLATION OF RESERVE
NOTICK is i.KKKHY OIVBN that ilu*
reaervu existiig by runnim of a
nonce publinhud iu tlio British Columbia (ittzotto nf tliu 27th. day of Decern*
ber, 1907, over land* situuted nn thu
Kast aide of TYxada Island, lying lo tin:
Hnutli of Lot No. 20, fitrnmrly covered
by 'Iimbur Licence No. 111450, which
expired on the 7th day of May, 1!M)8,
is cancelled, and that the said landa will
b<i open for locution under tho pruvja*
i nn of thu ''Land Aot," wft^r midufght
on Juno 16th. 1911'
Robert A
Depu y Mi
Landa Department,
Victoria,  B. 0
Dili    tfareli
unes
I   I  w
tiki t
Rbnwiok,
stor of' li nis*
Dont JWappy
llll I
111'
f
du, bu suro to orner your wuddllu mvt
latimts nt Tin: IsMNOEH OQloa Sntnplca
n' (hiH ofllco.
I
me
btar
Third St. & Penrith Avenue
MAXWELL & HORNAL
Proprietors
All kinds of hauling done
First-class Rigs for Hire
Livery and team work promptly
attended to
NOTICE
PI1ILI0 NOTICE is hereby given,
tlmt. under the authority t-oiitain-
eil in hbi tion Kll of the "Ltud Act," a
''emulation li'ia heen approved by the
l.iouti'imnt II 'Vtrniir in Council in fixing tins minimum sate prices of first and
Boeotid-cltSfl lnnds at 910 ami $5 jier acre
respectively.
Thin regulation further provides that
the prices fixed therein shall apply tu
all lands with respect to which the application to purchase is given favourable
consideration lifter, this date, notwithstanding the date of such application or
any delay that may have occured iu the
consideration of the same,
Further notice iB hereby given that
all persons who have pending applications to purchase landB under the provisions cf flections 34 or 3ft of the ''Land
Act" and who are not willing to complete Buch purchases under the prices fixed hy the aforesaid regulation shall be
at liberty to withdraw such application and receive and refund of moneys
•lepoaited on accouut of such applications.
WILLIAM R. ROSS,
Minister of Lands.
Department of Lands,
Victoria, B. C, April 3rd, 1911.
PUBLIC NOTICE is hereby given
that, under the authority contained
in Bi-ction 131 of the "Land Act," a regulation w»s approved by the Lieutenant-
(tovernur in Council fixing the minimum
s.de prices of first aud secoud-claes
landa at 910 ank $5 per acre respectively
Thia regulation further provided that
the prices fixed therein ahuuld apply to
all lands with iespect to which the ap
I hcations to purchase were given favour
»ble consideration after thu dato of said
regulation, namely April 3rd, 1911.
Further notice is now given that by
virtue of a regulation approved by the
Lieutenant-Governor in Council on the
10th of May, 1911, that the regulation
dated the 3rd April, 1911, be held not
hi npply tnajiplicnti ns to purchase vacant Crown lands whicli were receivtd by
tiie Assistant. I'umiuUsiuuers of Lands on
or bt.-f ire 'he said April the 3rd, 1911
a.ol with riBpect to which the requited
■tepi air of fifty cents por acre had been
received by (aid Ci niiriissinners on or
before the said April 3rd, 1911.
ROBT, A. RENWICK,
Deputy Minister of Lands.
Department of Lands,
Victoria, B. V, Wth of Hay, 1911
my-20 lm
NOTICE is hereby given that at the
inxt mettiiig uf 'lie Board of License
Comiiiiaaioiiers of the City of Cumber-
laud, I intend to apply fur a renewal of
the hotel license In Id by me for lire
Cumberland Hotel, situated on lot 1.
block ti, Cumberland Townsite.
WILLIAM MERRIFIELD.
Dated this loth day of May, 1911.
NOTICE is her by given that the
neit meeting of the II- ard of Licenne
Commissioners of thu City of Cumber-
laud, 1 intend to apply for a renewal of
lhe tiotel license held by me for the New
England liutel, situated on the east half
of lot 3, ill btock 3, Cumberland Town-
site.
JAMES WALTERS.
Dated this loih day of May, 1911,
Separate «• ated tenders for supplying
oe Union & Comox Disirict Hospital for
ilie year, from June lat, 1911 to June
Iki 1912, with groceries, meat, milk and
r'i|tter. Samples of tea, coffee, cocoa,
etf , to be delivoroil at the hospital on nr
before 27th May 1911. All tenders to
ii lie sent to tlio Secretary by May 27th
The I, went or airy tender noi necessarily
accepted.
F. J   Dalby, Secretary.
For Ban —Ch"ic> ol one or two milch
c iws, just newly calved. Apply to Geo.
Davia, Union Bay, I). C.
go"'" jgy^v.r>" _2_£_t£S__? ______&^m\ _s__W
__ ,      ___        j &4_te.iy_r\i> _*t$&?~i
m
jgrw&MM
GSMBM   m
■y
__«
njiuysiL-- ...	
m
S       HEADQUARTERS FOR      -]->
»* Furniture IK
m
S;V
IK.'^gj^
Sir
m
Wallpaper
Crockery
Etc., etcfg
A nice line of Iron BedsteadssE
' $4. >° $40. |
just  arrived W*
^r'■*■!''- a-ii^i^v^row ww rAi^.'x.iwr<iK',''*i,-'r«i/'.'-*iK''^J
M^-'iv- .*,-■'? j'-l'J-,v.* ._»,   -,^_~i,i3; i.,^.a- ,-iii',.sn- «,-,.,. (.-'<,. it/ tS
IF YOU ARE THINKING OF BUYING A
s
f
BUY A SINGER
The  BEST  Machine  on the  Market
and sold on EASY TEEMS   	
IEPSON BROS., District Agents, Nanaimo, B. C
C. Segrave, Locul Representative, Cumberland, B. C.
Capital $6,200,000
Reserve » 7,000,000
THE ROYAL BANK
OF CANADA
Drafts Issued ln any currency, payable all over the world
SPECIAL ATTENTION paid to SAVINGS ACCOUNTS, and Interest at
highest current rates allowed on deposits or $1 and upwards
Joint Account! mtty bo opened In tlm naitiM »f twu nr mum pewit*, t<» bo oimmteri hy anyone of
them nud iu the event of dentil tu W paid in the mrvlvor, wit limit nny fornmllly,
CUMBERLAND, B.C., Branch-   _   -     OPEN DAILY
COURTENAY,B.C.S .liBmncli OPEN TUESDAYS AND FRIDAYS
UNION WHARF, B.C., Bub Brunch -OPEN THURSDAYS
H. F. Montgomery, Manager
PIANOS
Organs,   Gramophones
. . SEWING : MACHINES . .
and all other Musical Instruments can be had on EASV MONTH*
LY PAYMENTS, from
FLETCHER BROS.,      Vancouver,
or CALLING ON T. E. BATS, LOCAL AGSNT, Cumberland
n ilk_SLe_§&e__ .sffifflt.e_t_ .*&<_.^t_\__K_Q,t&\8*-.__C_ mj
if/yfi
Gw&
itcaf:§^afc   i
Offices: Comox & Courtenay.
_____
Mil!
FOR SALE
CLEAN FARMS, BUSH LAND
AND LOTS.
Agents for E. & N. Lands,
Comox District.
■ .rt Svwfii ^w tilSn ws* um '•'ie
■H
mmmam^^

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