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BC Historical Newspapers

The Islander Jul 8, 1911

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MOUSES. Stock Collars, Colored
Top Boots, Silk Lisle stockings aud
Parasols just the thing you will
want for now.
amisll B}3.
^.   B.  fal>o__]i_f6*ry<it you need a Fancy Shirt
"et'ktie, lielt, Lisle Cotton or Silk
iSook* thai ice hava u large range to
c/toose from.
at Campbell Bros.,
No. 58
Subscription price SI .50 per year
Much Discussed Garb
Is Seen Ou Our
The harem skirt, of whioh we hnve
heard so much, 1ms Ht lust made its
ttppoaranoe in this city, lieing seen on
our streets for the fust time on Sunday
The inncli discussed garb was nr:
object q{ great intereat to tha rest of
the citizens am! vurious were the com
ments upon the latest style creation,
mul if the object of the wearer was to
attract the attention of the mule pop.
illation that ambition was certainly
The liaivm skirt, after all, appears
to us to lie a more modest wearing ap-
parol than the hobble and tube skirt
that hus become so popular in this oity;
anyway we don't see any reason for •
woman who tries to improve on nature
by squeezing herself into an 18 inch circumference nround I he middle to holler
her heud off at the ludy who chooaea to
garb herself like the inmate of a Turkish harem.
Mrs George Huiriv who bus been
the guest of Mr mnl Mrs Chas. Whyte
for the past few months returned to
luu home iu Victoria by Fridays boat.
Miss Inu Whyte, of the staff of J.N.
McLeod, loft on a well earned holiday
to Victoria and Scuttle. She was ac-
coiupatied by Miss Hazel Whyte.
Mr Alex Walker jr. is spending hi-
buliilays iii Victoria and Vancouver.
Mr Thus lloyd is spending his holidays wllh his parents, and is renewing
old friends around town,
If you wish to mako your piano or
furniture appear just like new, try a
bottle of Boyle's Piano and Furniture
Polish. It is an exceptionally good
polish and you will not use any other
afler having tried it once. It is put
up in 76o ami $1.25 bottles—For sale
by Cbus Segrave at "the Islauder"oflice
Murray is training a little just a
little these days. There will be something stirring pretty soon.
Johnny llunneiinau was nut with
tbe Blues   Tuesiluy   night   and   kept
things busy for Raines.
Peacock Tommy Tupelln and McKay
stinted for the lllues as did Halcrow
Tuesday night.
For the Whites, Raines, Cotton,
Grant, and Savage, played ahorse of a
game, and it wasn't Whyte's faut the
Whites lost.
There wore very few penalties hand
ed out at the game Tuesday night and
Warren had the gurne well under con
trol all the time, a ud gave satisfaction
all round.
There is a Baseball gome between
Courtenay and the Stars Sunday afternoon.
The cup that Mr Stoddart donated
to tho Lacrosse League is now on exhibition in his window along with three
other cups thut Mr Stoddart has generously given for different sporting
events iu this district. The cups are
beautiful example!; of the jewellers
Conservatives Getting
Ready For Dominion Election
A meeting of the Conservatives is call-
el for thit evening iu the Bonuru Build
ing for the purpose of selecting a can
didate to contest Comox Atlin in the
Conservatives interests at the approaching election.
The Conservatives have been extreme
ly active of late, and meetings have been
of very frequent occurence during the
past week.
The man selected at tonights meeting
will be boosted for the Conservative noni
inatir.n at tha convention which will pro
bably ba held this month and it ia expected that the man selected by the Conservatives will also ba endorsed by the
Conservative Ataooiationa of Comox,
Courtenay, Alberni and other parte of the
Tha name most promlnetly mentioned
in connection with tha Conservatives
nomination is that of Mr Thoa. E Bate
of thia eity, and it ia fully expected that
his candidature will ba endorsed at tonights meeting.
With a candidate in tha field like Mr
Bate, young, popular and aggressive, and
a fluent speaker, the Conservatives should
hava but little difficulty in wresting Comox Atlin from the Liberals.
It is fully expected that the election
will be held thia year,- probably by the
end nf Auguat or the beginning of Sep
It ia generally believed that Mr Wm.
Sloan will be the Liberal candidate, al
though Mr Brewsters name ia alao mentioned in that connection.
A man named Walker waa lined $8
for being drunk and an additional $25
and costs, for assulting Police officer
Thomson this week.
W« are prepared to sell aoreage
large or email tracti, on the Harry Martin ranoh, one mile south
of Courtenay on the Cumberland
road. D. Martin, Bruoe Towler,
Courtenay, B. 0.
Rev. Jas. ti. Reid, nf New Westminster, is in town and will occupy the pulpit of the Presbyterian Church for the
month of July.
We wish to correct an erroi ot last
week's issue, ra tha formation of a dramatic club; the item should have read
that Mr. Taylor waa laat with tha
Jeanne Russell Company; not the Allen
Tha Church of England held a most
successful Strawberry and Ice Cream So
cial on Mra. J. Roe's grounds yesterday.
Thecitisens of UnolaSam had the
band out on tha streets on tha Glorioui
Fourth playing "Yankee Doodle' and
tha Stars and Stripes were much in evi.
Earl Clark has bean conducting the
High School exams, la this eity during
the past week.
Wednasdsy the 12th, will ba tha 121st
Anniversary of tha Battle of the Boyne,
and the local Orangemen will celebrate
King Williams' glorious memory at Me
Cutcheon's Point, Comox, where a good
programme of sports will be carried out.
Miss A. Frame is sssisting Postmaster
Nunns with Hia Majesty's mails, while
Mias McKeniie is anj ying her vacation
iu Vancouver.
FOR SALE-Pony, buggy and har.
ness.   Apply,— W. Keenati, Camp.
Visiting cards at the Islander of-
Large Crowds From The City
Enjoy   Holiday    At
The Wharf
The Dominion Day celebration held
at Union May was a most successful
one despito tbe fact that the weather
was anything but ideal, to observe in n
fitting manner tho anniversary of Con
federation of tho Provinces.
Immediately on the arrival of the
train from Cumlierlaiid the Captains
of the three baseball team drew lots to
see which teams would open the days
sports. Union Bay team drew the
bye, and shortly after the 11 o'olook
Courtenay and Cumberland Stars tdk
the field and treated the spectators to
seven innings of ball.
The game was not as fast ns it might
have heen as there was a cold drizzle of rain throughout the game, the
Courtenay team finally winning by a
score of eight to aix, .
After the ball gam.' the running
races were held and they proved very
exciting as in most cases the finishes
wore close.
In the youngsters races it was impossible for ub to get the names of the
75 yds. for boys 16 ami under,
Roe, 1st. Hunden, 2nd. Rae, 3rd. 7f>
yds. for girls 16 and under, Miss Hudson, 1st. M. Walker, 2nd. 50 yds.
Married Ladies Mrs. Holiertson 1 '.
Chapman 2nd. 50 for Single Ladies
Miss Walker 1st. Miss  Kearn 2nd.
The 100 yds open proved to be lhe
most exciting event on the programme,
there were live slurters and tbe spectators were treated to a line race
Chambers antl llonuly wero running
shoulder nnd shoulder Until ubout 20
yards from the finish Uonaly fouled
Chambers, they finished almost even
the judges awarded 1st, to Chambers
2nd. to Donnly.
100 yds. Chinemnns' race Joe 1st.
Goiy 2nd  Keta 3rd.
1 mile open there were but two
starters, Bantiermnn as usual run away
from his man,- Bannerman 1st. Cartwright 2nd
The tug of war between two Chinese
teams was a very laughable event, a
team captained by   Keta won easily.
At 8.30 the rain had eased up und
Courtenay anil Union Bay played the
final game of Bull of the day
Both teams were confident of winning tho money but Courtonuy was
unable to connect withBaylo's offerings
and when they did thero   was always
Funeral Took Place On
Last Monday
The death occured at Mintn on tbe
second inst. of Mrs R. Gluzebrook
after a short illness, at the age n[25
The deceased lady leaves n husband
and one son to mourn her loss.
The funeral took pluci on Monday
from the family residence to the Cum
berland Cemetery, the Rev. B.C. Freeman conducting the funeral services.
a Union Buy man in front of the ball
while Thomas was batted all over the
lot, while the rest of tbe team tlid not
play up tn their usual standard witb
the result that the Bays were easy
For the winners Balo pitched great
ball, and the other eight members <>f
the team played errorless ball behind
him, holding Courtenay to one lone
run. While during their swutfeust
they scored the big dozen.
At seven o'clock the rest of the
events were finished at the Govern
ment wharf.
100 yds loggers race Jacques 1st.
Dolan 2nd.
The log sawing contest was
the next event and caused a great
deal of excitement and they sure sawed wood, W. Splud was an easy winner, A llalsum was content with sec-
S. Warren was lat. in the swimming
race closely followed by Ripon and
The committee certainly had a
greasy polo and four contestants
furnished the spectators with a half
an hour of gi>oil f un,Kitch wbomannged
to get about half wuy to tbo flag took
1st. money. Whitfield was game nnd
stuck to li s work although he could
not stick to the polo but got 2nd.
As there wus no entries for thetuj)
race that event was culled ofl'.
Union Buy pulled the loggers off
their feet in lbo tug-of-war in the last
event of the day.
To finish up a day of pleasure and
enjoyment the committee had arranged for a dance iu the evening, good
music was furnished by the orchestra
and the floor was in perfect condition.
At midnight wheu the sweet home
waltz was played all wero ready to go
home happy and content.
Here is to the celebration committee
who proved .themselves ideal hosts,
they were untiring in their work of
looking nfter the welfare of their visitors, and in spite of the inclement
weather pulled all events off so successfully.
An interesting contribution by H.
O.B.O. has been crowded out of this
issue but will appear iu our next issue.
FOR SALE—Singer Needles and Oil
at the I.si.amibr Otlice.
FOR SALE—Telephone polls and cedar potts. Apply to Alex. Gray, Cumberland.
What Is Doing In Local Sporting
Last Wednesday football fans were
treated to one of the fastest games played here for a long time, between Dan
Banneruian'a side steppers and Bobby
Watson's heavy kickera, and what the
game lacked in acience it certainly made
up for in apeed The side steppers had
the beat of the argument, all the way
working likeTrogana against their heavier opponents. Bannerman and the two
Boyds playing a great game for the forward line for the aido steppers, as did
Wiattield, Skinny, Kd Hunden and Me
to Tnpella; for the heavies, White Iteeae
Slaughter and Golden were easily the
best.   The score was 4—1.
Pilsener    Boys    Win
Coin at Campbell River
At midnight on Friday of last week,
a stage left the Now England Hotel
with the Pilsener Ball team on board
together with several of the fair sex,
managers, trainers, etc. en route for
Campbell River, where the tenm was
to meet the Campbell River boys in
the big match for the money prize on
Dominion Day.
A tug, owned by the proprietors of
the Willows Hotel was in waiting at
Union Bay to convey the boys to their
destination. The tug with about 25
steamed out, but after poking her nose
iuto the storm wliich raged outside
the harlior, returned in about an hour
tho captain declaring the boat to be
overloaded, and left seven of the party
gnashing their teeth on the shore; the
balance, mostly stow awnys, (as the
tug was only licensed to carry 10 passengers) proceeded to Campbell river
through a fierce storm nnd many a
supper went to feed the fishes.
Ou the arrival of the tug the cap.
lost his job,
Dominion Day was too wet for base-
bull or any other sports at the River,
but a first class boxing contest wns
pulled off in the evening., A dance
was also held in honor of the guests
which was a very enjoyableull'uir, lasting till 6 o'clock tlio noxt morning.
The music was ot various kiuds but n
Campbell River belle can dunce to any
tune, Up lill 12 o'clock lbo parson
supplied some of the best music on the
concertina, but with the advent of Sunday morning other sources of melody
liad to be found.
On Sunday afternoon the busebull game
wns played, the Pilseners winning by
by the one sided score of 16-0. High
class ball was hardly to be expected
considering the fact thst the boys had
no sleep for two nights, but strange to
say they played errorless ball and never
allowed a chance to get nway from
them. Stant and Peralme both pitched big league ball while McKay liehind
the hat completed a first class buttery.
In the evening the weather wns still tno
rough for the tug to venture out, and
not till Monday noon did tbe hoat return, this time with but ten passengers, the remainder of the party coming
down Tuesday in a gasoline launch.
The boys or the girls either would
not have minded had the storm continued for a week, all the travelling
nnd hotel expenses were paid nnd the
treatment that the boys received was
certainly fine. The Willows Hotel is
the finest un the Island outside of the
Empress in Victoria, being one of the
famous tourist resorts of the west.
The Pilseners cr.n stand lots of treatment like this,—-some of the rooms in
the Willows nre worth JI7 per day,
and oh you dinners!
More spurts were held on the Mon
day, however we are unable to give u
report of them as we left on the first
boat, but Cumberland won the tug
of-war and others of thn party distin
guished themselves by their jumping
11 is also rumored thut Kid McKay
knocked out a logger itl tho third round
i.f what was to have been n seven
round contest, for a side bet of $21.,
SI ni Coe putting up tho necessary foi
All in the party declare they will
make the same trip next yeur
Blues  Now Lead  In
The   Lacrosse
In one of the most interesting games
this season last Tuesday night, the Blues
afier a hard fought game beat tbeWhites
by the score of four nothing, thus putting the Blues in tha lead for tbe Stoddart Cup by four goals, ss the Whites de
faulted their game last week, losing one
goal, but they are protesting this, as
they claim that the Blues never lined
their team up nor faced ofl the ball; but
as it ia a well known fact that there
were none of the White team on the
grounds, and there were twelve of the
Blues ready to play, it will easily be
seen that thia kick is only an excuse fur
losing the point, as it waa agreed between
the captains after tbe' first game wss
postponed that tbe games would be played rain or shine; and the Blue team has
lived up to that agreement ever since,
even playing this last game with Taylor,
Harrison, Grieve, Anthony and Sweeny
of the regular team missing, the Whites
were also short five of their regulars
which proves that they could have filled
their date of last week if they had wanted to, but as there is a new agreement
drawn up there will be no more squabbling, which teuda to apoil the game; a
game whioh is Canada's national game,
should be bartered   not spoiled; and as
tbere are lota of uew players just 'being
broken in, it will be in the  interest of
both teams to get in and play lacrosse.
The  next  game will  be played   on
Thursday July 13th.
Who would pay good money to see a
fake boxing match in the Cumberland
Hall, when a real scrap can be seen for
uothing any time when the lacrosse boys
play in this city? Those who left the
grounds early on Tuesday night missed
two excellent "preliminaries" after the
A story cornea from Victoria, where
street car conductors are not allowed to
handle the corporations money, but passengers are confronted with a slotted box
in which they drop their fare. Mra
Brown and her young son Willie, were
f n fluent travelers on the line. Childrens
fares were three cents, and adults were
compelled to pay the usual five centa.
It waa one of theae trips that Willie had
donned his first pair of long pants, and
ma put in the usual three for Willie and
live for heraelf. "Why," aaid he, "tho
boy haa on long panta." "All right said
the mother. Then take five for Willie,
and three for me." A demure looking
young lady waa sitting in thecornerwitha
satisfied air which read: "Here's where
I ride for nothing."
Tuesday night
Thursday night
Saturday night
Sunday, per Cowichan 9 a.m.
Wednesday—6.00 a,m.
Friday—6.00 a.m.
Saturday—4.15 p.m.
Sunday, 2.15 p.m. sharp
The P.laener Brewing Cumpany, of
Cumberland, haa a quantity of grains to
dispose of weekly, and would like tenders for the same.   Apply to the Sec'y.
Change advertismetits for
Saturday mornings issue must
be in this office not later than
10 a. m. on Thursday. ■■"
A Bird of Bagdad
Without doubt much of the spirit and
nonius of tiio Caliph Hurum Al Rashld
descended to tho Margrave August Mi*
ehalo von Paulsen Quigg.
Qulgg's restaurant is in Fourth Avenue—that stroet that the oity warns
tn have forgotten in its growth. Fourth
Avon uo—born nnd bred in the Bowery
—staggers northward full of good re
Whore it crosses Fourteenth Street
it struts for a brief moment proudly in
tho glare of the museums und cheap
theatres. It may yot become a lit mate
for it- high-born sister boulevard to the
west, or its roaring, polyglot, broad
waisteil cousin to the cast, lt passes
I'niiin Square; nnd horo Ilio hoofs of
the dmy horses seem to thunder in uui
son, recalling the tread of marching
hosts—Hooray! liut now come the si
lout and terrible mountains—building!
square as forts, high as the clouds, shut
ting out tho sky, whore thousands of
slaves bond ovor desks all day. On tho
grouud floors are onlv llttlo fruit shops
and laundries and booh shops, whore
you soo copies of " I/it toll's Living
Age" ami tl. W. M. Reynolds' novels
in the windows. And noxt—pool Fourth
Avenue!— the street glides into a mediaeval Bolitude. On each side nro the
shops dovototl to " Antlquos."
Loi us say it is uight. Mon in rusty
armor stand in the windows and menace tho hurrying ear,- with raised, rusty
iron gauntlets. Hauberks nnd helms,
blunderbusses finmwelliun hrenst
plates,  matchlocks,   croesoa,   nml   the
.swords ami daggers of an army of dend
a ml-gone gallunts gleam dully in tln;
ghostly light. Hore aud there from a
corner saloon (it with jaek-o' lanterns
or phosphorus), stagger forth shudder
iug, homo bound citizens, nerved by the
tankards withiu to their fearsome jou
ney adown that old rich avenue lined
with the blood stained weapons nf thc
fighting dead. What streot eould live
inclosed bv theso mortuary relics, and
trod by these spectral citizens in whoso
sunken hearts scarce one good whoop
or tra lu-1 a remained.'
Not Fourth Avenue, Not after the
tinsel but enlivening glories of thc
Littlo Rial to— not nftor the echoing
drum-beats of Union Square. Ther
need be no tears, ladies and gentlemen;
'tis but tho suicide of a street. With
a shriek nud a crush Fourth Avemn
dives headlong into the tunnel at Thir
ty-fourth and is never seen again.
Near tho sad scone of tho thorough
faro's dissolution stood tho modest res
tauraat of Quigg. It stands thero yot
if you care to view its crumbling red
brick front, its shop window heaped
with oranges, tomatoos, layer cakes,
pies, canned asparagus—its papier
macho lobster nnd two Maltose kittom
asleep on u bunch of lettuce—if you
care to sit at one of tho littlo table
upon whose cloth bus boon traced in tho
yellowest of coffee status the trail of
the .Japanese advance—to sit thoro
with one eye on your umbrella and tho
other upon the bogus bottle from which
you drop the counterfeit sauce foisted
upon us by the cursed charlatan who assumes to be our dear old lord anil
friend, tho ".Nobleman in India,"
Quigg'.- title came through his moth
er. (tue of hor ancestors was a Mar
gravine of Saxony. His father was a
Tammany brave. On acoount of the
dilution of his heredity he found that
ho could neither become a reigning po
tontatc nor got a job in tho City Hall.
So ho opened a restaurant. He was a
mail full of thought und reading. Thc
buslnoss gavo him a living, though ho
gave it little attention. Ouo side of his
house bequeathed to him a poetic aad
romantic nature. Tho other gavo him
the restlesn spirit that mude him seek
adventure. Uy day ho was Quigg, the
restaurateur, lly night bo was the Margrave—the Caliph—tho Princo of Bo
hetnia—going ubout the city in search
of the odd, the mysterious, tho inexplio
able,  the   recondite.
One night ut nine, at which hour the
restaurant dosed, Quigg set forth upon
his quest. There was a mingling of the
foreign, tin1 military and the artistic
in his appearance us ho buttoned his
coat high up under his short trimmed
bro^u und grey beard and turned west-
word toward the more central life conduits of the city, in his pocket ho had
stored an assortment of curds, written
upou, without which he never stirred
out of doors. Much of those curds wu
good nt his own restaurant for its face
value. Rome called simply for a bowl
of soup or suidwiehes and coftoo; others entitled their bearer to ouo, two,
three or more days of full meals; a few
were for single regulnr meals: a vory
few were, in effect, meal tickets good
for a weok.
Of riclie- und power Margrave Quigg
hnd none; but ho had a Caliph's heart
-*it may he forgiven him if his head
fell short of tho measure of lliiruin Al
Rftshid's, Perhaps some of the gold
piocos of Bagdad hnd put less warmth
and hope into the complainants among
tho bazaars than hml Quigg's beef stow
among the fishermen and one-eyed oul
coders of Manhattan,
Continuing his progress iu seuirh of
romance tn divest him, or nf distress
that he might uid, Quigg became aware
of a fnst gathering crowd that whooped
uud fought and eddied at n corner of
Broadway and the crosstown street that
he wns traversing. Hurrying to the
spot ho behold a young man uf an exceedingly melancholy nml preoccupied
demeanour engaged in the pastime of
casting silver money from his pockets
to the middle of tho street. With each
motion of the generous one's hand the
crowd huddled upon the fulling largesse
with yells of joy. Traffic wus suspi'ud-
nl. A policeman iu the centre of tho
mob stooped often to tl o ground tin he
urged tho blnckaders to move on.
Tlo* Margrave saw at a glance that
here wis food for his hunger after
knowledge concerning abnormal workings of the human heart. Ho made his
way swiftly tn tho young man's side
met took lii- ami. "Come with ino nt
nine." I,.- oald, in lh.' low but com
manding voice that his waiter* hnd
learned to fenr,
" Pinchod," remarked the young mnn,
looking up ut him with expressionless
eve*. "Pinched by a painless dentist.
Take mo nway. Hatty, and give mo gas.
Souu- loj eggs iitnl some lay none.
When   is a  hen?"
Still deeply seized by some Inward
grief, but tractable, he allowed Quigg
to loud him nway nnd down the street
to a little  purk.
Thero, seated on a bench, he upon
whom a corner of thc great Caliph's
mantle had descended, spake with kind-
noss and discretion, seeking to know
whnt evil had eome upon the other,
disturbing his soul and driving him to
such ill considered and ruinous waste
of his substance ami stores.
"I was doing the Monte Cristo act
as adapted by I'oinpton, N. .L, wasn't
IV asked  the young man.
"Vou weit' throwing small coins into the street ior the people to scramble
nfter," wild the Margrave.
"That's it. Vou buy all tho beer
you enn hold, und then yuu throw chic
"ken  feed  to     Oh, curse that  word
chicken, and hens, feathers, roosters,
eggs, aud every tiling connected with
Itl "
*• Voung sir," said tho Margrave
kindly, but with dignity, "though 1
do not ask your confidence, I invite it
1 know the world uud 1 know humanity,
Mun ih my study, though l do not oyo
him ns thi1 scientist eyes n beetle or ns
tho philanthropist gazes at the objects
of his bounty—through a veil of theory
ami ignorance. It is my pleasure and
distraction to interest myself in the
pocultar nnd complicated misfortunes
that life in u great city visits upou my
followmon. Vou may bc familiar witli
tho history of that glorious and immor
tal ruler, the ('aliph II a nun Al Kashid,
whose wise and benefioieut excursions
among his jieople in the city of Bagdad
secured him the privilege of relieving
so much of thoir distress. In my hum
ble wuy I wall* in his footsteps. 1 heek
for romance und ud venture in city
streets—not in ruined oastles or in
crumbling palaces. To me the greatest
marvels of magic are those that tuke
plnce in men's hearts, wheu noted upon
by the furious nml diverse forces of a
crowded population, In your strange
behavior this evening I fancy n story
lurks. I read in your not something
deeper than tho wanton wastefulness
pf a spendthrift. I observe in your
countenance the certain traces of consuming grief or despair. 1 repent—I
invite your confidence.. I um not with
out somo power to alleviate and advise
Will you not trust mo?*'
"(lee, how you talk!" exclaimed tlu
young man, a gloum of admiration sup
planting for u moment tint dull sadness
if his oyos. "You've got tho Astor
Library skinned to a synopsis of pr
ceding chapters, f mind that old Turk
you speak of. 1 read "Tho Arabian
Nights' when 1 was a kid. lle was a
kind of Bill Devery and Charlie Schwab
rolled into one. But, say, you might
wave enchanted dish rags all night with
out ever touching me. My case won't
yield to that kind of treatment."
"If 1 could hoar your story," said
the Margrave, with his lofty, serious
"I'll spiel it in about nine words,"
suid tho young mun with a deep sigh,
"but 1 don't think you cnn holp me
any. I'nless you're a peach at guessing
it's back to tho Bosphorus for'you on
your magic linoleum,"
"1 work in llildebrant's saddle ami
hurness shop down in, Grand Street.
I've worked there five years. I get $1S
a woek. That's enough to marry on.
ain't it/ Well, I'm not going to got
married. Old llildebrant is one of
thoso funny Dutchmen—you know thc
kind—always getting off bum jokes.
He's got about a million riddles and
things that he faked from Rogers
Brothers' groat-grandfather. Bill Watson works thore, too. Me aud Bill
have to stand for them chestnuts day
after day. Why do we do it. Well]
jobs ain't to bo picked off every An-
heuser bush And then there's Laura,
What? The old man's daughter,
Comes in the shop every day. About
nineteen, and tho picture of the blonde
that sits ou tlio palisades of the Rhine
und charms the clam-diggers into tho
surf. Hair tho color of straw matting,
and eyes as black and shiny as the best
harness blacking—think of that,
"Me? Well, it's either me or Bill
Watson. She treats us both equal. Bill
is nil to the psychopathic about her;
and me?—woll, you saw ine plating the
roadbed of tho (froat Maroon Waj with
silver tonight. That was on account of
Laura. 1 was spifiieated, Vour Highness, and 1 wot not of what I wouldst.
"How?   Why, old llildebrant says to
o and Bill this afternoon: 'Boys, one
riddle have I for yon gehabt linbea. A
young mun who cannot riddles ant-
worten, ho is not so good by business
for oin family to provide—is not that
hein. And he hands us a riddle—a
conundrum, some calls it—aad he
chuckles interiorly und gives both of us
till tomorrow morning to work out the
answer to it. Aud ho say whichever of
ns guesses the repartee end of it goes
to his house o' Wednesday night to his
laughter's birthday party. And it
menus Laura for whichever of us goes,
for she's naturally netting for a husband, uud it's either mo or Bill Watson,
Id Hildohraut likes us both, ami
wants her to marry somebody that'll
arry un tho business after he's stitch-
d his lust pair of truces.
"The riddle? Why, it wns this:
'What kind of a hen lays the longest,1'
of tlmt! What kind of a hen
lays the longest? Ain 't it liko a
Dutchman to risk a man's happiness on
tt fonl proposition like that? Now,
what's tin- use? What I don't know
nbout hon- would fill severul incubators.
Vou say you're giving Imitations uf the
old Arab guy tlmt gave away—libarios
in Bagdad. Well, now. ran you whistle
up a fttlry, thut "11 solve this hen query,
or not V'
When the young mnn ceased the Mm-
gruve arose and  paced to and fro by
the   park   bench   fnr   -evernl   minutes.
Finally he sat again, und said, in grave
nd impressive tones:
"1 must confess, mi. that during tho
ight years that I have spent in search
f adventure ami iu relieving distress I
huvo nover encountered a more interest'
ng or a more perplexing caso.    I  four
tlmt. I  hnvo overlooked hens in my re-
relies and observations. As to their
hnbits, their times und manner of laying, tlieir many varieties und cross
breedings, tlieir span nf life, their
i. don't mako un    Ibsen drama of
it!" interrupted thc young man flippantly. " Riddles—especially old llildebrant 's riddles—don't have to be
worked out seriously. They are light
themes such as Sim Ford nud Harry
Thurstou Peck like to handle. But,
somehow, 1 can't -strike just the answer. Bill" Watson may, and he may
not. Tomorrow will tell. Well, Your
Majesty, I'm glad anyhow you butted
iu and whiled the time away. 1 guess
Mr. Al Kashid himself would have
bounced back if one of his oonstitutents
had conducted him up against this riddle. I'll say good night. Peace fo'
vours, and whut-vou-tnuv-call-its of Allah."
The Margrave, with a gloomy air,
hold out his hand.
"I cannot express iny regret," he
said sadly. '' Never beforo have 1
found myself unable to assist in some
way. 'What kind of a hen lays the
longest?' It is a baffling problem.
Thero is a hen, 1 believe, culled the
Plymouth Rock that.."
"Cut it out," said the young man.
"Tho Caliph trade is a mighty serious
one. I don't supose you 'd even soe
anything funny in a preacher's defense
of John D, Rockefeller. Well, good
night, Vour Nibs."
From habit tho Margrave began to
fumble in his pocket, lie drew forth
a card nnd handed it to the young man.
"Do me tho favor to accept this, anyhow," he said. "The time may como
whon it might be of use to you."
"Thanks!" said the young man,
pocketing it carelessly. "My name is
Shame to him who would hint that
tho render's interest shull ultogether
pursue the Margrave August Michael
von Paulson Quigg. 1 am indeed astray
if my hand fail in keeping tho way
whero my peruser's "heart would follow.
Thon lot us, on the morrow, poop quickly in ut the door of llildebrant, harness
llildebrant'a 200 pounds reposed on a
bench, silver-buckling a raw leather
Bill Watson eume in first.
"Veil." said llildebrant, slinking nil
over with the vile conceit of tho joko-
makor, " haf you guessed him? * Vat
kind of a hen lays dor longest?' "
"Er—why, I think so," snid Bill,
rubbing a servile chin. "1 think so,
Mr. llildebrant—the one thnt lives the
longest Is that right?"
"Noint" said llildebrant. slinking
his heud violently. "Vou haf not
guessed dor answer."
Bill passed on aud donned n bod titk
apron and buchlorhood.
lu como the young man of the Arabian Night's fiasco—pale, mclancholv,
Inq iol ess.
"Veil," suid llildebrant. "haf you
guessed him? 'Vat kind of a hen lays
dor longest ?' "
Simmons regarded him with dull savagery in liis eye. Should he cur:e this
mountain of pernicious humor—curse
him and die? Why should— But thero
was Laura.
Dogged, speechless, ho thrust his
hands into his coat pockets and stood.
His hand encountered tho strange touch
of tho Margrave's card. He drew it out
ami lookod at it, as men about to be
hanged look at a crawling fly. Thero
was written on it in Quigg's bold,
round hund: "Oood for ono roast chick-
en to bearer."
Simmons looked up witli a Hashing
"A dead one!" said he.
"Oood!" roared llildebrant. rooking
the table with giant glee. "Dot is
right! Vou gome at mine house at S
o'clock tonight to der party."
Amongst the vnrious medicines which
aro now imparted iu moro palatable
form than of old, rhubarb is conspicuous. Tho sugar-coated compound rhubarb pill has ordinarily no great terrors
for the young, and the compressed rhubarb, ginger, aud soda tablet still less.
Tho time-honored (frcgory's powder,
which comprises rhubarb, ginger, and
magnesia, still continues to have its
clientele. Tincture of rhubarb, how
over, which still lives odiously in tho
youthful remembrances of many a
senior, is neither sold over tho counter
nor yet prescribed to anything like the
former extent. A dose thereof used to
be considered such an objectionable infliction that nineteenth-century writers
not infrequently made allusion to it as
oae of the grim incidents of childhood.
In the Lives of the Lindsays, for ex
ample Lady Anne Lindsay evidences
that corporal punishment did not weigh
down the balance against this potion in
the opinion of her severe mother the
countess, who, when her six children, on
running away from home, wero brought
baok before thoy had succeeded in
reaching a neighbor's house some three
miles off, "declared thut on this occasion whipping wus too good for us, and
that wo should each have a dose of
tincture of rhubarb to teach us to stay
at home—u punishment classically just
in its degrees, as the eldest, consequently the most guilty (this wus tho Lady
Anno herself |. had tho lust uud most offensive glass of the bottle." Particularly nasty dregs continued to be a frequent concomitant of a bottle of modi-
i' until woll pust the first half of
the nineteenth century, when the standard of physio-compounding was materially altered for the bettor through
tho passing of the Phurmacv Aet of
^Vaw medicines are more extensively
used than rhubarb; few nro more reli-
ublo or safer." So wrote Dr. Speiieor
Thomson ia the early fifties in his
much-prized and subsequently many
editioned—there were tliirtv-four editions up to 1900—Dictionary of Medicine. But it is questionable whether
he might not have added at that time,
'few medicines are more disliked by
hildren," although, perhaps, the rhubarb concoctions of thut day may uot
have (piite equalled doses id' aloes or
of "black draught "—that is, compound mixture of senna—in point of
The   multiplicity   of   now   drugs   ia
modem  times Ims certainly made rhubarb, as a domostlc  remedy, less of u
household word than it used tu be. ('us-
cam bark, for oxamplo, hns superseded
it in many of its former uses.   No long-
r. as  in   Dr. Thomson's earlier days,
o  men   dressed  up as  Turks  pervade
ur great cities selling what they call*
d "genuine Turkey rhubarb." a misleading  appellation   given   to  the  drug
boeauso it wns (list imported from the
Levant,  although   owing   its  origin   to
China aud Thibet.    Neither is it now at
II a  prevalent custom -although some
still follow tho practice—for people to
earrv piocos of rhubarb-root in their
pockets to suck or nibble at intervals.
In tho heart of London, however, oue
may see to this day dried nnd prepared
rhubarb hawked about by itinerant sellers of medicinal vegetable products. Inasmuch us this drug plays a part in
numbers of quack nostrums, it is fortu-
nuto that its effect is usually far less
harmful than that of many othor ingredients. A quack, for example, will
often resort to compounds mainly composed of aloes and rhubarb; and as an
excess of tho former is almost invariably more lastingly prejudicial to
health, it is fortunate for his deluded
customers wheu he lots the latter predominate. To illustrate the more violent action of aloes, it may be observed
that rhubarb does not play a tithe of
the part that aloes does in veterinary
treatment. It is used slightly for certain bird-remedies, and figures in some
medicines for calves. But there wus
no rhubarb, for instance, included in
the list of medicinal and surgical requisites which were supplied by the British
Oovernment to those veterinary surgeons who woro attached to ships used
for carrying horsos to South Africa during the Boor war.
At ono time it was thought something of a witticism to suggest thut tho
Knglish country innkeeper's champagne
was "grown on his own bushes." Tho
more uniform recognition of special
brands, however, would cause that inference to fall somewhat flat nowadays:
and In like manner the introduction of
un abundnnce of cheap vintages from
abroad since the commencement of the
"Gladstone claret" period hus done
away with muoh concocting of homemade more or less alcoholic beverages;
but rhubarb wine was certainly an
early Victorian association. To give
an illustration. Some sixteen to twenty
acres of land neur Bath were then
planted with rhubarb for the express
purpose of making wine, nml the product was subsequently sold ut the well-
known Bath establishment of Messrs.
Fortt, of Milsom Street.
The common Rheum rhuponticum, or
garden rhubarb, grown in England
lacks the medicinal proper*ies of tho
Rheum palmatum, or Chine>o rhubarb—
that is, the rhubarb of commerce used
for pharmaceutical purposes—which is
produced in China or the region near it;
although it hns beon given other appellations which the National Standard
Dispensatory thus concisely explains:
"Formerly, as a result of treaty arrangements, the very choicest oi' the
Chinese product was exported via Kus-
sin or Turkey, its selection being con
trolled by tho Bussiun Oovernment, so
that thore was technically a Turkish or
Kussian variety; but this arrangement
long ago censed to exist."
For many years the term "East Indian" has beea applied to those imports of Asiatic rhubarb, and "trim
med as Turkey" used to be a frequent
specification of wholesale druggists
when indicating the highest-priced quality of whole rhubarb in their catalogues. For while Russia controlled
the rhubarb-market special care was
taken In the preparation of much of
the Chinese article, bo as to present it
in flat pieces of uniform shape aad excellence. The root-stocks, which are
now generally imported in casos of
about ono and a half to two hundred
weight, have ordinarily a more ur less
rounded nppearance. Formerly "flats"
and "rounds" used to be spoken of to
distinguish the imports of this drug.
An interesting article on Chinese rhubarb was contributed to tho Chemist
and Druggist of 1st September, 1!>06, by
Mr. E. II. Wilson, in which he indicates,
ns the result of personal iavestigatiou,
that the bulk of commercial rhubarb is
furnished by one species (Rheum officinale), tho chief source thereof being
the wild, mountainous region of the
Szo-chwan, on the Tibetan border,
where "it is usually dug up during the
first half of September and the month
of October. He states further: "Rheum
olfieinals has a distinct stem, not very
long, but thick; and this, I was inform
ed, wns considered better than tho
roots. lt is severed from the roots,
cleansed, the bark and crown removed,
and thca split transversely, or more
commonly longitudinally, into pieces
four to six inches long. Very often
hole is bored through the pieces and
they are strung on a cord and dried uu
der thc eaves of the houses. The roots
vary ia size, aad are ofton very largo
These roots have all tho weak laterals
removed, and aro cleaned, roughly trim
med, cut into lengths, and often divided
longitudinally. Sometimes a hole is
bored through thom and they are strung
up beneath the roofs of bouses immediately, or they may be partly or wholly
dried in the sun or on heated stones."
The saying that "appearances are deceitful" may be applied in a measure
to powdered rhubarb. For the ground
root of the lower-priced English-grown
article, which is inadequate for recognized pharmaceutical purposes, is often
used to adulterate the imported and
more valuable Chinese drug; and inasmuch as, when both are ground, the
former, under ordinary conditions, presents tho brighter yeilow tinge of the
two, the igunrant are woat to be attracted thereby, Oround commercial
rhubarb also used frequently to be adulterated with powdered starch, but reduction of mnrket value and enhanced
analytical inspection have alike been
instrumental in diminishing that form
ul' sophistication.
(By Loudon M. Douglas, F.K.S.E.)
Amongst tho Eastern nations it has
been the custom from time immemorial
to consume milk in the soured stnte;
indeed, in the East tho drinking of milk
in the fresh condition is hardly known.
Iu ancient times soured milk formed
one nf tho principal articles of dietary,
and a well-known incident in connection with its use is tho tragic scene between duel nnd Sisora described in the
Book of Judges. The fugitive Sisera,
nn the defeat and annihilation of his
followers, fled tu ,the tout of .lael, the
Bedouin womnn, and bogged for a little
wator tn drink; but, as the tale is told,
she open Oti a bottle of soured milk and
guve him thnt, und afterwards assassinated Iiim. The story is interesting as
showing thut in biblical times soured
milk was widl known, nnd its use under
liflerent names from thou till nnw has
been common in Egypt, Turkey, Bul-
garin, aud muny other Kast or n countries, not so much ns n beverage, but us
nn article of food. It was found then,
us now, thnt during tho warm weather
it was impossible to keep milk fresh for
uny length of time, and the custom wns
to add the fresh milk to a vessel or a
skin sewed up so as to Form a receptacle, in which the previous supply of
milk had been kept in the soured state;
this ensured the souring process taking
place immediately, so that there was no
questiou at any time about milk being
consumed' in the fresh state. It must
be remembered that milk in Eastern
countries did not necessarily meun the
milk from cows, ns thut of camels, buffaloes, sheep, und goats was used as
well; aud nt the present day such milk
is in common use throughout the East.
In Kussia, soured milk of mares, under
the name of koumiss, is largely consum
ed oa tho steppes, and is not only eon
sidered to be nourishing and wholesome,
but is also regarded as a cure for pul
monary diseases; and it is also looked
upon as tho principal agent in the pro<
longation of existence, ln Iudia the
soured milk is termed dadhi; in Egypt
it is called lebeu; und in the Balkan
Peninsula, wliere it is most commonly
used, it is known under the unme of
tt is curious to tlml, iu connection
with the history of this wondorful preparation that its use has been confined
principally to the Eastern nations, and
that it is only during recent years that
it has come tu be known in Western
countries. There is little doubt but that
the value of soured milk in the prolongation of lifo was known in ancient
times, nnd if tho apparently impossible
ages which aro credited to the patriarchs uro reduced to the denomination
of tho present day, they will be found
to be quite in accord with very ordinary
phenomena in the Balkan states. In
those countries thousands of centenarians are alive to-day, and many mon
aud women live until they ure one hundred nnd twenty yoars of age, hot becnuse of thoir hygienic surroundings,
which are not always of a satisfactory
character, but because their principal
article of diet is soured milk.
Some years ago the fact that so many
poople lived so long in Bulgaria attracted the attention of u number of
investigators, who proceeded to study
the life-history of thoso centenarians
with tho result that thoy found thut
the sole cause of the abnormal prolongation of life seemed to he the daily
use of soured milk. The principal
amongst thoso investigators was Professor Metchnikoff of the Pasteur Institute of Paris, nnd ho conducted researches into tho wholo subjost with
the same thoroughness that has characterized his other investigations, and
with tho result that ho has found conclusively that, provided tho milk is
trentedin n certain wny, and soured by
means of u particular organism, it will
huvo a beneficial effect on the human
system. Motchnikotl' studied the mat-
tor from beginning tu end, und eliminated from tho innumerable micro-organisms which find a lodgment ia milk
ono which predominated over them all,
aud which is nnw known to science
as tho bacillus Bulgaricus, and which,
if added iu tho puro stnte to milk which
has boon boiled, will produce souring of
a particular character. The milk thus
inoculated becomes a valuable article
of diet and a health-giving food.
It will bo remembered that throughout tho alimentary tract there are
countless organisms present, nnd in the
large intestine those seem to predominate more than anywhere else. As a consequence muny discuses, including senility and tiie gradual breaking-up of tho
human system, are traceable to poisons
which originate from the putrefactive
organisms which congregate in the large
iu tost ine. It was found that, whilo
such was the caso, there were ao agents
of a harmless character known to science which would overcome these putrefactive organisms; and it is only within recent years that it has been shown
that the particular souring agent referred to, the bacillus Bulgaricus, is in
reality tho one master-bacillus which
will pass through the alimentary tract
uninjured, and finally predominate over
the putrefactive organisms referred to.
It will thus be s'een that the bacillus
Bulgaricus is well entitled to be called
"the bacillus of long life," which is
the name 1 have given it, and which,
if it appeals to the imagination, is also
strictly true.
"Tiie bacillus of long life" is, therefore, a useful organism, and belongs to
thc category of bacteria which are ia
daily use for the souriug of cream, the
ripening of cheese, the making of vinegar, and similar operations. There are
other bacteria of a putrefactive character which decompose foods and cause
ptomaine poisoning, or they may produce disease. There are others again
which are of an indifferent, character,
and do not affect the human economy
either one way or another. Any one of
these organisms, jhowever, can bo cultivated artificially; that is to say, they
cnn be isolated from their surroundings and made to propagate alone on
certain media, and by this moans we
are enabled to utilize such artificially
cultivated organisms ia any way that
may be desirable. That is how it comes
about that we can now procure a per
foctly pure culture pf "the bacillus of
long life;" and, thnt having been done
the preparation of soured milk in the
home becomes a comparatively easy
It is desirable to tako certnin precautions in dealing with milk in the house,
as it must always bo remembered that
it contains overwhelming numbers of
different kinds of bacteria which have
been taken up from the atmosphere of
the byre, or in the passage between the
dniry and the house, or which may have
been taken up in tho houso itself. Thoso
organisms multiply enormously in u
very short time, and the familiar souring of milk in hot weather is due to
their presence. Such milk, it mny be
said in passing, is not fit for human
The best thing to (Vo when fresh milk
is received into tho house is to boil it
for nbout five minutes. The milk should
then be ullowed to cool for some little
time, nml should bo poured into bottles,
which, by tho wny, must bo scrupulously clean, and which have beon washed
with scalding water and allowed to
drain in the inverted position. A little
tube of the pure culture to which we
have referred is poured into the bottles
containing the cooling milk, nnd a clean
cloth should then be put uver them so
us to keep out the dust. The temperature should be maintained at ubout a
undrod degrees Fnlironheit, wliich enn
asily be done by keeping the bottles
n a warm place. One or two trials,
nnd the uso of a clinical thermometer
s to ascertain the temperature, will
make any ono quite nn expert nt this
simple business.    What happens is that
the bacillus which has been introduced
from the tube begins to multiply in the
milk nt once, and it does so because tho
temperature of about a hundred degrees
Fahrenheit is suitable for its propaga
tion, and as a consequence the milk assumes in four or five hours a tliickish
consistency. In this condition, and at
the end of this time, it is in the host
possible form for giving to children or
to any ono who does not care for the
acid taste which develops later ou.
For the use of adults, the milk is kept
in tho warm statu for from eight to ton
hours from the time it was first inoculated, and by the end of that timo it
will present a cheesy texture and have
an acid taste. The soured milk may
thou be takon either after stirring it
up briskly, or it may be spread on
bread, and a pleasing addition to many
palates is a little flue sugar and just n
sprinkling of cinnamon. Another pleasant way to tako tho soured milk is to
mix it with scalded fresh milk and sip
it slowly.
I have entered into the preparation
of this wonderful article in detail iu
order to show that thore is no difficulty
iu its preparation in the home, and also
that the use of soured milk, far from
being merely u medicinal one, can bo
made vory agreeable and pleasant; and
I fool sure thnt in a few years' time
its use will become universal amongst
all  Western   nations.
During recent years the sundial has
undergone many interesting developments, the scope of which hus been to
render it more useful. Though it was
extensively used up to the eighteenth
century, tho difference between sun-
time and mechanical eloek-,tin.e caused
it to fall into desuetude us a timepiece when standard moan time was
adopted. Tho result was that tho sundial foil from its proud position and became a mere ornament of the garden.
It is obvious, however, that if the sun
dial could be caused to show tho correct
mean time—that is, the hour and min
ute whioh your watch ought to show
according to Greenwich—und that infallibly, then tho sundial would
usurp the place of tho mechanical clock,
especially in those countries uud places
whore the conveniences for adjusting
the watch and clock are scanty. A
Scottish inventor, after several years
of patient, investigation and experi
ment, has devised a sundial which at
all times of the year shows absolutely
dead correct eloek time, and whon once
set correctly it can never guin or lose,
Consequently it is really more reliable
than tho finest type of clock that has
yet been devised. Moreover, the sys
tem has boon workod out so simply thnt
any one can set and uso the instrument. Tho device consists of a hemis
pherical bowl of copper about thirteen
inches in diameter, supported on a base
of the snme metal by a single sc.row
whioh facilitates the sotting of the
bowl in tho correct position, the base
being rigidly champed to a suitable
pedestal. Tho bowl is spanned vertically by a thin metal rod which throws
n shadow across a hand placed at right
angles centrally round the inside of the
bowl. This band is tho time-scale, The
instrument is mude iu two forms—a
sun-clock ami a solar chronometer. The
firstnnmod ' shows stundard sun time,
which, as is known, differs from clock-
time. To bring about the requisite
correction, and to ascertain quickly the
absolute time your watch should indicate, there is a table by means of which
equation is secured. In this arrangement there are no moving parts, which
in somo cases is an advantage if it is
liable to bo tampered with after erection. In the solar chronometer standard mean time or clock time is shown.
Here the time-scale hns a moving band
slipping right or left. The fixed part
of the scale is divided into the months
of the year and their days. The upper
part of the moving scale is similarly
subdivided, but the lower half is divided into hours between (» a.m. and i*
p.m., with each hour split into minutes
aad periods of ten minutes plainly
marked. All that ono has to do in this
ense i.s to bring the day of tho month
on the sliding scnle opposite the corresponding date on thc fixed scale. Id the
bottom of the bowl is a small map, and
ia setting up the device it is only necessary to bring a plummet depending
from the centre of the shadow-rod over
the couutry in which the instrument is
being set up. This secured, the bowl
is then simply turned sidewnys until the
time thrown by the shadow on tlio time
scale coincides with that shown by your
watch to the vory minute. It is onlv
necossary in the first place to make
sure your watch is correct. Tho chronometer is then fixed in that position,
and ever after the sundial will show
Greenwich time for tho twelve hours
between six in the morning nnd six at
night, irrespective of season. The instrument is tho most simple of its type
that has ever been evolved, and in isolated districts aud countries such as
India. Australia, Canada, where it is
difficult to correct a timepiece periodically, it will be found eminently valuable In price it compares with the or
dinary mechanical timepiece, and can
bo adapted for uso in anv part of the
idstraeted with care
For Phyllis, the fair.
Since nothing could move her,
Poor Damon, hor love,
Resolves in despair
No longer to languish,
But. mad with his love,
To n precipice goes,
Whero a leap from above
Would finish his woes,'
When in rage he eamo thero,
Beholding how stoop
The sides did appear
Aud tho bottom how deep,
His torments projecting,
And sadly reflecting,
Thnt a lover forsaken
A now love may get,
But a nook when onco broken
fan never be set.
And. that ho could die
Whenever he would.
Whereas he eould live
But as long as he oould,
How grievous soever
Tlu» torment might grow.
Ho scorned to endeavor
To finish it so.
But, bold, unconcerned
At thoughts of the puin,
Ho calmly returned
To his cottage again, THE ISLANDER. CUMBERLAND, B.C.
Read Wbat Those Who Have Proved
It Say
Mr. Thomas Pearson, of Prince
Albert, Sask,, writes;—"1 must, thnnk
you for the benefit I received from
Zam-Buk. Last summer 1 suffered
greatly from piles. 1 started to use
Zam-Buk and found it gave mo relief,
so 1 continued it and after using throe
or four boxes 1 am pleased to say that
it hns effected a complete cure."
Mr. G. A. Dnfresne, of iSIMNii St
Joseph Street, St. Koch, Quebec, P.Q.,
writes:—" I cnu highly recommend
Zam Buk to everyone who suitors from
piles. I huvo also found it most effective iu curing a soro thumb with
which my little son was Buffering, The
thumb hail begun tp swell and foster
and had lost the nail. I persevered
in the application of Zum-Biik nud the
sore is uow entirely healed,"
Not only for piles, but for In flu m oti
sores, ulcers, eczemn, ringworm, boils,
erupt inns, scalp sores, itch, child ron 's
sore heads, old wounds, etc, Xam Ituk
is without equal as a healer, aud also
for cuts, bums, stiffness und wherever
and whenover u handy balm is called
for, All druggists and sturos at 50c,
box. Zam Ituk Soap will bo found us
superior amongst medicinal and toilet
soups as tho balm is amongst salves.
Mothers should use it for baby's bath.
SBc. tablet, alt druggists uud stores, or
post free from Zam-Buk  Co., Toronto.
Pertinent Personalities
Wurts on the hand is a disfigurement
that trouble* many ladies, llolloway's
Corn Curo will remove the blemishes
without pain.
To use up cold boiled potatoes', tako
one pound of Hour, two ounces of butter,
half a teaspoonful of bicarbonate of
soda, half a teaspoonful of crenm of
tartar, and a little salt. Hub the butter
into the flour, thou add the sodn and
crenm of tartar, uud salt. Put half a
pound id' potatOOS into a basin, aud
mash them, taking euro that uo lumps
remain; thon add them to the flour, und
lightly mix together. Make into a
light dough with cold milk, turn on to
a flour board, and roll out to half
inck thickness. Then eut in rounds,
and bake in a hot oven for ten minutes
nn one side. Turn, and bake nnother
tea minutes. Serve straight from the
oveu split open and well buttered.
Old Sores, Lump!
in Breast, Growths
removed and heal,
ed by a simple
Heat* Treatment
No pain.    Describe the trouble, we will send
book and teslmoolal* free,
10 Churtkill Am..
Sir John Curling was the hero of some of the bitterest
political campaigns that were ovor waged, for if ever thoro
was a constituency wliich took its politics seriously it wns
London. .
Tho Forest Oity still has hot election fights, but tho
contests of today aro sort of pink tea. society functions,
compared with the rough and tumble, hammer and tongs
buttles of the days of Curling and Hyman* Vou couldn't
appoint a janitor to a mission church without tho infusion of
politics, Everyone in those days wore colors, red for the
Grits and blue for tho Tories. During the hout of one campaign, when the whole city was placarded with red and blue
streamers, and every citizen had himself decorated with ribbons or loud ties, Sir John A. MacDonald was booked to ad-
dross a monster mooting.    It was tho custom of the Censor
Dr.Martel's Female Pills
I toi
$3.50 Recipe Cures
Weak Kidneys, Free
Believes    Urinary    and     Kidney    Troubles,
BackHcho, Straining,  Swelling,
Etc.,   Etc.
Stops   Tain   iu   thc   Bladder,   Kidnoys   and
Wouldn't it bu nlcci within n week or so lo
hAuln to miy nomtliye forever I" il"' scalding,
dribbling, ct mi nine nr loo frequent piiSBiigc
nf urine; tho forcliuad and thu Imek-of-tho-
m-ttd etches; tho aUtolwB nnd pains iu the
luirk: llle crowiiik UltlHule wriikiit'SH: spots
before tlic eyes; yellow skin; sluggish how-
els; swollen oyoIioH or ankles; leg crumps;
unnatural short l-ri'iitli; sIcepleaBiiess aiul the
tie spun de ney f
1 have u recipe for theso trim hies tlmt
ymi can deyemi on, and if yen want to make
a  tpiick ivcuvciy. you ought  to wrltu mid  gol
it copy ci' it- Muny u doctor would ohnrgo
vim Ju.IiO just (or writing this prescription,
Iml 1 have il mul will he glad to BO lid it lo
yoti entirely free. Just drop me a line like
itiiK: llr. A. E, Itohinsun, KBOfifi buck lluilil-
lug, IMn.il, Midi.. Hlld I will send it hy return mail in ii plain envelope.    As you will
nee when ymi get it. this recipe iimtiiins
niilv pure, tiuniiless remedies, hut il Iiiih
grim) healing ami pain-conquorlng power.
It    will   i|iiiekly   8llOW    iis   powel ie   you
une  it,  so  I  think you  had   helter see  what   it
is without delay. I will send yon » copy
freo—you can use it am) euro yourself ut
vatlve lender to wear a monster tie, a howling red being his
favorite color. When ho arrived at the station ho was met
by a reception committee and hundreds uf supporters, nml
imagine thoir consternation when they spotted the groat red
tie. Hir John was rushed to the hotel and as fast tis possible
a blue tie was substituted for the disgraceful one. Hir John
gracefully made tho change and the party wus not disgraced
whon the mooting camo ofl! at night.
Sir John (.'ailing has many incidents to tell of the stirring
p re-con federation days. Recently in a letter he threw some
interesting light on the events leading up to the union. He
was travelling, ho said, from London to Quebec where tho
legislature wus being hold. At Toronto, (leorge Brown got
on the train. They fell to talking ovor the political situation
ml the deadlock.
"John A. has the chance of his life," said Brown, finally,
slapping Curling on the knee.
"What's that!" was Hir John's reply.
"Oo in for confederation."
"Will you support him?" was the answer.
"Yes, i will," replied Brown.
Mr. Brown consented to Hir John informing the cabinet
of his position. "T lost no time," wrote Sir John, "of informing the ministers of the Btate of affairs and the policy
of confederation was shortly afterwards adopted."
George Taylor, M.P. for Lends in the Dominion House,
is ono of the veterans of the Conservative side. He has a
most annoying memory for the government and takes a delight in drawing comparisons between the promises of
economy of the liberals before 1806 and their fulfillment of
that pledge. Tho otber day in the bouse he gave the members
an hour's fun by analysing the expenses of the cabinet
ministers  while traveling and   drawing attention   to  their
New Vork Evening Tost, "he attracted nttoution by his
methods and successes from the vory first." But, for that
matter, ho camo naturally by his tnleut, his father having
been a detective and chief of police before him, and William
J, Burns, Jr., early displayed evidences of that talent which
had "lifted his parent to the public eye."
Ono of the first cases in which this young man "starred
was the Brockway-Bradford-Courtney case, in New York.
Broc.kway was a celebrated counterfeiter, aud in his ear
days he had forged Krio Railway bonds.    His specialty wi
a  counterfeit note  of a  large denomination, ono  favorb
being a  $1,000 compound interest  note.    Ho got   hold  nf
girl in tho Buroau of Engraving und Printing at Washington
and had hor run a sheet of tinfoil through tho press ami get
nn impression of the genuine plates.   Then he had an electrotype mado from the tinfoil impression, printed the notes, and
circulated them with sueh success that the government actually accepted  $80,000 worth of thom before it suspected
that anything was wrong.    Later on, thoy had to send for
Charles  Ulrica, an old-time counterfeiter to pick  tho good
from the bad.
I'lrieh agreod to work with Bums, ami the latter sent
him to join the gang, ami through his assistance they arrested
them all iu a building nt No. 542 Ann Htreet, West'llobokon.
There tho secret service men found mure than $2,000,000 iu
gold certificates, nnd a lnt of Canadian $100 notes. This wns
tho first time that the authorities had boon able to convict
Brbekway. He wout to Trenton jail for a ten-year sentence,
with Ur. Bradford, who died in prison, nml Courtney. The
last was a celebrated forger who had booa in counterfeiting schemes for thirty years,
A second alfnir that brought Burns into prominence as a
"shining light" was that of Taylor and Bredell, in 1809, ami
was considered ut thut time one of tho most extraordinary
in the annuls of counterfeiting. "A great pile of money linil
boon easily passed," and the fact that the counterfeit note
was absolutely perfect indicated that a camera had beon
used. Then it wus found that thoir process was to transfer
a photograph to a steel plato. otoh the latter enough to bite
tho linos, umi thou engrave by hand—a feat that hail hitherto boen considered impossible. They were arrested, but
while thoy wero in prison Taylor's mother smuggled in tho
uecessary tools nnd materials, and the two men engraved the
plates in their cells under a blankot, with tho aid of an
uleohol lump. It took them two months to complete the work,
but they actually printed the money, sent it out, and had
it passed. Whon somo of the money was shown Burns he at
onco said that only Taylor and Bredell could hnve made it.
He wont to the prison nml charged them with it, nnd they at
longth confessed.
A few yeurs ngo the Ruef's candidate was elected Mayor
of Han Francisco. Francis J. Henoy, a government attorney,
declared that if called upon by the peoplo he would himself
prosecute "this fellow Smitz." and all the other grafters in
"Abe's graft-riddeu town." Burns was then in the employ of Chief Wilkie, "and very busily employed at that."
l/iirnrAiic Wo^IJfa ~thc pow,"r ,0 enJ°yto thf ful1 ,ife'*
V lUvlvUS    Afl^CimUI   work and pleasure—comes only with a
good digestion.
tone up weak stomachs—supply th* '' jstiv- juices which are lacking—ensure
your food being properly couver-f J ;: to brawn and sinew, red blood and active
brain.   50c. a box at your drug; ui? or from 32
NgUgOjj Drug gad Chemical Co. of Canada, Limited, •
Major Kothwell and I>. M. Duncan will not soon forget
the heart wracking time thoy had a year ago of locating
President Falconer, of Toronto University, upon his last
visit to the city. He was due in the eity on the noon train
from the east, and a big banquet of Toronto University
graduates had been arranged for that night at the Royal
Alexandra.   The  train   came   in   in   two  sections   and   tbe
liiliuctmi, pink aye, opiaoi
tllauaaea .-nrcil, ami all ni
rrom Imvttlg anv at th.'M.
GO-cent lanilo guarantcod
Wis   .in   tlia   blOOd.     alia   I
linttli'K.       Dl'tlrolata   and
tic iii
temper mul  nil  nOBfl ami  throut
liers,   i
■ mutter how  ''exposed,1    ki-pt
ili.scs   oft imi   cure   ii   case.     One
lo iio  <■
■     Kim thing tor brood mures.
nil   $1
;i bottlo.    $o and 913 » diuieii
*   shuns.      ]>intvibutors — A I.I.
SPOHN MEDICAL CO., ChwiiU. Goihta. Indliai. U.S.A.
s"l irlno limits Imve been develop-
eil tn tile point whoro thev enn eover
on tlieir own power u ratlins of 800
miles in oll'octlvo lighting trim, nntl
"10 " I' the lirst division ol' submarines from Clinrleston, South ('nro-
linn, to Annapolis, Maryland, without
.'iid from their convey, tanking te dis-
tniiee ol' ..tin miles without mishap, is
pretty good evidence thut thev eould
glvo n siitisl'netorv account oi' themselves in time of wnr. In storm nnd
calm the submarines are capable of
navigating the sens with credit to their
inventors und constructors. With u
lleet of these vessels stationed iu the
vicinity of anv nf the
Thev pain too much. I'eihnps you
have tried this, that 111111 the other rem
Oily—you still hnve thom. Vim do uid
experiment when vun use Putnam's
I'ainless Corn Bjctruutor. In twenty
four hours Ihe soreness is veinevetl. In
a day or two you nre rid of thom, rout
autl branch, Keep the nume iu sight
becBUSO it tells the story. Putnam's
Painless Corn Extractor, Sold by druggists, price 25c.
Here's * Home Dye
»lw»y. tnis vast. .1
Sand forSampta
Cud end Starr
BookUt H
CO., Uniim,
With DY-O-LA rn cm color either Wool,
Cotton, Silk or Hind Good* Perfectly witk
the f AMI  Drt.    Ne chance of tuinr the
WWOWQ Pye far the Goods yoq h«T> _ color.
luxurioiiK habits. Mo disunity mentioned that ttio ministers
lmvo uow six private cars, iu addition to u private ear tor
the board of railroad commissioners and the National Transcontinental Kuilway. In tin* good old days of Sir John A.
tlic two curs of the ministers wore regarded us the rankest
Duriug one of the Dominion election campaigns thore
wus a cartoon issued by the liberals representing ministers
of the crown seated at the hig plate glass windows, smoking
lit'ty cent cigars and drinking champagne. As the car rushed
through the country in the winter's mom, glancing over tin
great expanse of snow towards the lonely farm house half
a mile away, one of the ministers was represented as saying
as he waved his hund towards the farmer's domicile, "And
them's the suckers us pays for this luxury."
It keeps Arthur Meighnn, M.l'., of Portage In Prairie,
busy these days explaining that lie is not the Montreal mil
lion'nire who i.s head of the Lake of the Woods Milling Co.
It is especially embarrassing now that tho youthful mombor
has come out in such strong opposition to the reciprocity puct.
Western farmers persist in confusing the two men aul
Arthur is naturally charged with considerable bias in opposing the measure. * Tho Montreal Witness had a long letter
tin- other day from a .Manitoba farmer in which the two
Meigheus were mixed. The Portage member was attacked
for his stand ami incidentally coudomnod for buying $200,000
worth of O.P.R, stock. The neurest Arthur ever comes to
seeing that much money ih when In' draws his annual so.--
siomil Indemnity. The' relationship ol' tin- two Melghous
ought, however, to be cleared up. ttobt. Moighoii is an uncle
of Arthur of Portage.
Tho American papers urn having a Ini of fun at tho
expense of the Knglish sentimentalists win. feared to olVend
American visitors nt the Festival of Empire ami decided
to eliminate the battle nf Chautauqua  from the programme.
They say it is the first thoy ever heard ol' tl bl battle,
which is quite natural, us the American histories cautiously
president arrived on the first. The major and Mr. Duncan,
us a reception committee from the 'Varsity gruds., met the
second section. Thoy eould find no one who at all looked tike
a university president. While they conducted a search of
the hotol the president was enjoying a quiet shave in the
barber shop. They finally gave up iu despair and were on
the point of cancelling the arrangements whon the president
by good Inck, was accidentally found.
it reference to the engagement. The Washington Post
nts to know when this buttle of Chautauqua took pJttfco
anyway, aad adds: "Americans, at least most of us, will
train our intellects to no purpose in efforts to rcjll the
tory of the battle of Chautauqua, wdiere the largo army
of Yankee chivalry showed Hs heels to a (loi'poral s giiuid
Valorous Canucks."
" Nevor-Pail-Burus" is the nick nume gem-rally accorded
the detective who mude the arrests in the Dos Angeles dynamiting cases—and for a good reason, in more than twenty
five yeurs he has hardly suffered a failure, and, says tbe
The average civilized mau would be hard put to it if he
wore compelled to start a fire without matches, tinder-box, or
burning glass; but in various parts of Africa the natives
accomplish this feat with astonishing ease and quickness.
The muterials employed the two simple bits of wood, oiu
flat, about six inches lung, and not quite an inch wide, witli
u row of grooves on one side; the other about twelve inches
long, and of the thickness and shape of a lead-pencil.
The longer piece, lixed in one of the grooves of the shorter
piece, is held tightly between the palms of the hands and
whirled rapidly round and round. In a vory few seconds
the wood dust whieh is produced by the friction fulls through
the grooves and begins to smoke. This dust is then cnrefully
nursed into a blaze.
The gtudiolus is one of the most beautiful of the more
gorgeous plants and is particularly satisfactory in Manitoba.
The modern gladiolus may certainly claim to be one of the
most beautiful garden llowers. Tbe graceful sword like
leaves and the long spike of blossoms, whose petals display
audi exquisite tints and shades, combines to make a distinctive harmony of form and color. A grout number of sorts
are uow cultivated, most of thom being derived from a comparatively fow original species that, wore chiefly natives of
South Africa. The bulbs are solid conns, which may be
planted in fairly rich loamy soil, almost as soon as the
ground cuu be worked in tho spring, and iu succession every
two weeks until the last of June, Tho flowers open finely
if the stalks are cut ami placed in water «s soon ns tho
lowdit blossom appears, New bulbs are formed above the
nld ones each year. These should be dm; up iu autumn ami
stored in a cool, dry, frost proof cellar until the following
"It is mi the card" that some of the girls who are going
to Canada in fyiest of husbands will Iiml thom before they
get there," said an official nf o well known lino of atoam-
sliips "They may discover their ufllnltlos among their foi
low passenger.-, or tho ollicers of the boat.
"Most nf the big companies forbid their olliccis to hold
intercourse with pussengors, and particularly lady pnss'on-
gers; but I know three ollicers who tlrst made the acquaint
ance of their present wives as passengers. There was, too,
a case in one nf lhe best known services a few years ago
of n surgeon marrying a rich American lady whom he met
for the lirst time on his ship.
"As for passengers falling in love—well, considering the
opportunities, it is not surprising. We had a voiinng Indy
who was going somewhere in America. When the boat
reached New York tlm immigration ollicers would not allow
her to land, as she was unaccompanied. It then turned out
that on the wuy ucross she and another second class passenger—a respectable mechanic—had come to an understanding.
So the difllculty was ovorcomo by their going tn the city
hull, obtaining a marriage license, returning to the ship with
the parson, ami getting married in lho library.
"A few years ago, I remember, a girl was sent for to
join her ulliaiiood iu Cnnada. She lauded at Quebec nil right,
but left the train at Montreal and vanished. It was discovered that she left the train there becauso her luggage
was iu the olliee in tier ownti name. Woll, there was a big
hunt for her. ami her liance —who, I should say, had sent for
her, while she was still in Knglund, also enough money to
pfiy her pussage and meet other expenses—wns naturally
much   distressed.    At   last  the  mystery  wus solved.      She
claimed   her  luggage  in  the  name of  Mrs.  .    Xuw, the
name was that of tl man who had been among her fellow-
passengers. '
urge coast cities
it would be difficult for battleships to
get-within effective striking distance.
The first impressions received on descending into fhe hold *f a submarine
nre. those of discomfort nud suffocation.
Ihe aceonnuudalious for a ,-rew of thirteen seem about right for half a dozen,
One is in too close proximity to whirring machinery, too. to enjoy the sensation. On all sides ate arranged electrical devices and machinery to operate the craft and the torpedoes. A thin
hell of steel separates the visitor from
the torpedoes, ami the outside water
is so close that one can almost feel its
When under way ou the surface the
submarine hums and trembles. The
fumes of gasoline are almost suffocating. There i.s no escaping from them.
Some of the men contract what is culled "gasolene heart." If under water
too long tho fumes make one sick and
dizzy. A novice cannot remain iu a
submarine under wMer for anv great
length of time without suffering excruciating torture. In time, however, one
gets used to it, and a trip mav be one
nf enjoyment.
Hut it is when the submarine dives
thnt the most unpleasunt symptoms
come. There are teu compressed-air
tanks supplied, ami these furnish sufficient air to koop the crew alive a good
many hours. Hut did vou over "live on
compressed air. If not it witl be a
new sensation, especially if you are
fifty feot below the surface'of the
water. There is a tingling sensation
nil over tho body, a pounding of the
ear drums, and possibly a sense of uuu-
As the air is automatically regu
Jated from the compressed nir tanks,
one gets his share of the oxvgou, but
sometimes the supply mav varv. It
ertainly does in different* parts' of the
ship. Ono may be choking fnr lack of
good air in one part and be exhilarated
by a too-abundant supply in another.
Sometimes when tho engines are running to charge the batteries the fumes
of the gasolene become so strong that
men are rendered unconscious. Thev
must be taken up on deck then to got
a whiff of fresh air. For this reason
the batteries are only charged when
above water. Hut in time of war it
might bo necessary to charge them
while running below. Then, indeed,
the mnu aboard the subinurine might
envy the ueriul navigator flying above
lhe sea with his abundance of fresh air
to breathe.
Cooking under water is a pretty uncertain nud disagreeable work. ' The
only appliance for this purpose is a
small electric heater. Tbis is just
about big enough to hoat water' lo
make n cup of coffee, ami nothing else.
The crew have their food cooked
aboard the tender.
The submarine is built on tli
ciple of economizing space in
thing. There is uo room for anything
except the actual necessities. Kverv
neli of space is given mor to macliin
•ry. This i< everywhere, compact and
■tlicieat. but multiplied so often that
me wanders what it is all for. Thore
s machinery tor running the boat, foi
piiding il   ler writer, f.,t- controlling
t when ii dives, for compressing the
nir-tanks, for opernting the torpedoes,
and even fm regaining tho power of
vision  above and   below  wntei,
When caught in a storm in ll -uh
marine life is really imt worth living.
Il consists ..t a series of intense stray
glos tn prevent dotttll by being battered against steel walls or to keep from
becoming Involved in whirring wheels
ami dynamos, If you survive the nr
deal M.ii conclude that it i* not noeos
sitry 'in Wait for war to lind hell. It
is wilh vou all the ti	
A safe ami sure nu
troubled with worms
Worm   Kxtermiiiator.
icine for a
Mother Or
The school children of Tmonto had at
their credit on Mnrch Huh lust in the
Penny Savings Hank $W-l(..84.85; of
which amount it is said one hov do
posited lhe tidy sum of *r>fKI; ' This
iplendidly illustrates the iulvuntnge of
i convenienf means of dopositHig small
iiiuiunts. lint whut is of greater im
lortanco fn our voung people, and to
ildor | pic also, is that  thoy ahould
have some plan of investment for tbeir
savings lhat may be of permanent, ad
vantage to then, a plan thai, when old
age arrives and Iheir earning days aro
fiver, will furnish an income that will
enable them to live iu comfort, huppi*
s ami dignitv for ihe remainder of
their lives. Such a plan is provided by
the Canadian Oovernment bv ir- Au
unities Act. If, for example, the hut
referred to, wlm. we will assume for
the purpose of illustration is Hi years
f age, wtll avail himself of this'plan,
nd will deposit wilh the Oovernment
one half of the amount   which  tie  has
already saved, or $250, he will receive
at tii) an annuity of $154.85; and if he
will add to his $250, *lin a year from
Hi to lid, he will receive a further sum
of rfiJ4."i,7uu, or a total income of $400.55
a year for life, payable in quarterly instalments, If he should die before till,
all his payments would be returned to
his estate with .'! per cent, compound
interest: though the same payments
would secure for him a larger annuity
if he did not wish to provido for this
lf the pennies of the children hail not
been deposited in the savings bunk,
there is little doubt that in the majority of cases they would have been
spent on trifles; but while the custodian
of their savings is the suvings bank,
tho temptation fo withdraw will constantly recur. If deposited with the
government fnr the purchase of an annuity, thoy cannot be withdrawn, for if
they could be the object aimed at
would probably in W eases out of lllll
never be attained, The advice of Sir
Walter Kaleigh: "('so thy youth so
that thou may est have comfort to remember it when it hath forsaken thee,
and not sigh and grieve at tho account
thereof; use it us tho springtime which
soon departeth and wherein thou ought-
est to plant and sow all provision for
along and happy life,'' is good advice
still, though given over three hundred
years ugo,and you can now plant and
sow where the harvest will be sure and
abundant, for the annuities plan is
positively the only plan open to you
that will enable you to spend your principal and interest without your income
becoming smaller no matter how long
you may live.
In youth, life seems limitless and
boundless, but before middle age is
reached the shortening process becomes
daily more real. There is no time tp
sow "wild oats." Statistics show that
at 45, 07 per cent, of men meet witli
reverses and lose their entire accumulations; that at 00, 0 per cent, are de
pendent upon their daily earnings or on
their children for support; and tbat of
those who fail at 45 only 2 uer cent.
ovor recover their financial standing.
Thc advantages, therefore, which the
innuities system presents us a means
of mnking provision for old ago should
apparent to everyone. In au inter
view a few days ago with an old lady
of 00, who is an inmate of a poorhouse,
she said she frequently cries for hours
at a time at the thought of having to
end her days iu such a place. Hut no
one who has purchased a Canadian
govornmont annuity need ever be afraid
of ending his or her life there, as no
process of law can deprive him or her
of it. The wolf will never outer their
Anyone of the age of tive or over
who is domiciled in Canada may begin,
and may receive the annuity ut 55 or
any age thereafter; and any pers.ni
now of tho ago of 55 or over may pur-
i base an immedi.re iinieit, Por a
famuli addition to tho ordinary rule i.n
annuity may bc contlnuod for a certain
number of years though death occurs
before   tbe   number  of   years  expiree.
Literature explaining all about this
most provident system may be obtained
at the |iost otlice or on application to
S. T. Bastedo, Superintendent nf Annuities, Ottawa, to whom letters go free
of postage. He will be glad to give
you all information if yoo will write
to him.
Since John
Quit Drinking
By Joba't WM
Cm* GoMca Beady, Tb* Great Emm
Tratmeat For Dnukirdf.
On It hAAs—_j At Bam. I» ha,
Coltm. Or V«od.
Costs Nothing To Try.
)r. J.  W.  Halncfl Com\inny.
111)0  Glenn Bldg.,  Cincinnati,  0.
Wip   i 1   in...   ul.si.lnU'ly   fri'.'. .l.v   r.i
urn im.iI. in plain wni|ip«>r, hii tlml nn
ni- ciin Icmiw wlinl it rmitnitiH. *i trial
.iirkimi. ni Oolilon Hnuotly tn prove Hint
.lint   ymi   .-liiim   fni   it    i.   trnr   in   rvi't-y
Published   every   Saturday   at  Cumberland,  B.C.,  by
Ormond T. Smithe,
Editor and Proprietor.
Advertising rates published elsewhere in tbe paper.
Subscription price $1.50 per year, payable in advance.
The editor does not hold  himself responsible for views expressed by
SATURDAY, JULY 7,    1911.
What the Editor has to say.
The announcement made this week by the Hon. Win
Templeman that he will not contest Comox-Atlin district in
the next Dominion election will occasion no surprise.
Few people look for any extroardinary show of intelligence
in the Hon Billie, but surely none were so demented as to
suppose for one moment that this political derelict wculd dare
to offer himself as a candidate in this constituency again.
This political lightweight shows himself to be something
of a joker, when he speaks of having been of some service to
the constituency of Comox-Atlin!
He states that he has been assured by friends in every
portion of the constituency that his candidature would be acceptable to the Liberal electors and also to many Conservatives. If the Honorable William believes any such twaddle as
that, he is in our opinion a fitter candidate for Westminster
than for Ottawa. It is a fact that if he were to offer himself
in this district again he could not poll 50 per cent, of the
votes of those who constituted the Liberal executive in the last
election, let alone the rank and file of the party.
The electors of Comox-Atlin well remember the dirty political deal in which the constituency was disgracefully bought
over their heads and which was the rottenest piece of political jobbery ever perpetrated in Canada, and none of the political tricksters who were mixed up in that affair would be well
advised to offer themselves for election in this neck of the
woods again.
It is commonly reported that Mr. William Sloan will be
the next Grit candidate in this district, but we dou't believe
that the fact that Sloan is a rich man and known to be a liberal spender on occasions, will be sufficient to overcome the
antipathy of the voters to any one who took a prominent part
in the last Dominion election as Sloan did. Sloan will have
to do some tall explaining before lie can justify his action in
the Templeman deal, and we do not believe that they can be
brought to look upon this deal in anything but an unfavorable light even when looking through the bottom of a whisky
As far as Comox-Atlin is concerned "no Liberal need apply," and for this state of affairs Sir Wilfred may place all the
blame upon such men as Billy Sloan and ditto Templeman.
Not the Cheapest, but the Best
Catalogue Free
Vancouver Island Nursery Co.,
Somenos, V.I.
18 Courtenay Lots
Price for the Whole 18 lots is only $1,400 $500 down
Balance easy terms.   v
The Island Realty Co.
Fire, Life, Live Stock
.. . Accident,
Phone 22.     Courtenay, B. C.
While the East lias been sizzling in one of the most torrid spells known for years, the residents of the coast have
been enjoying a temperature almost unseasonable in its coolness. Citizens who are disposed to be grouchy over the prevailing temperature should contrast their condition with those
uot so fortunately situated and be thankful that their climatic
lines are cast in such pleasant places.—Ex.
Display Advertisements
75 cents per column inch per month.
Special rate for half page or more.
Condensed Advertisements
1 cent 1 word, 1 issue ; minimum charge 25 cent*
No accounts run for this clans of advertising
Offices: Comox & Courtenay.
Agents for E. & N. Lands,
Comox District.
Beadnell & Thwaites
_,•_-._.' ■■ ..wr-.nuuM
Little cubes of metal
Little tubes of ink;
Brains, and the printing presses
Make the millions think
There is no bettQr
way of making the
people of this district think of you
than through an advertisement in
Pilsener Beer?
The product of Puro Malt and
Bohemian Hops
Absolutely no chemicals used
in its manufacture
Bottled Beer Supplied to the Trade Only.
ss-Best on the <2oasts=
Pilsenep Brewing Co.,
Cumberland. B.C.
Summer Furniture
Offerings for the
. . Floor . .
Linoleum, Carpet Squares and Rugs.
Fur the windows — Blinds, Tapestry and Lace Curtains anil
Curtain Poles.   For the kitchen = Ranges, Cupboards, Chairs
and Tablet,.   For the bedroom—Iron Beth, "Restmore" Mattresses, Springs, Dressers and Stands.
Full Line of Dining Room Furniture on Hand
"The Furniture Store"
McPhee Block A.   McKINNON      Cumberland, B.C
:   :   :   CEIVED   :   :   :
Up-to-date Merchant Tailor
The finest hotel in the city.
Bamster,   Solicitor   and '•
Notary Public.
J. Mitts..
"Leading; Tobacco King.'
Better known aa
Dealer in i'ruits, Candy, Cigars
and Tobacco.
JE31, Billiard Room iu connection
Local Agent, for
The London & Lancashire
Fire Insurance Co.
Get rates before ins nring elsewhere
Office: Cumberland
Horseshoeing a  Specialty
Third Ave., Cumberland
. . FOR..
The  Russell
The only Car Mnde
in   Araei'ion   with
the "Silent Knight
Valveles's Engine,"
Also made 111 valve
. . . style . . .
Cleveland, Brantford, Massey-Harris, Perfect and Blue Flyer Bicycles ; Fairbanks Morse Gas Engines; also the Moore Gasoline
Lighting Systems. Oliver Typewriters. Repairing of all kinds.
Bicycles, Sewing Machines, Units, etc.     Scissors and Skates ground
Rubber Tires for Baby Carriages,   Hoops Jor Tubs
Practical  Watchmaker
All Work Guaranteed
Dunsmuir Ave   : ::   Cumberland
■ 0
The Store of
The Store of
The Store of
HfACC   M 11 cl Jn C   ' very ^rge showing in
UVSZOS iTlUdlllld tlte season's latest,   neat
dainty patterns in correct shades.
Fine Laces & Insertions '%%&&
strong thread.   Every width and every price.
Pine Embroidery and Insertions
All widths from very narrow to corset cover width
and at a VERY LOW PRICE.
Ladies' Sunshades fi&S&r
terns, correct in every detail, & prices to suit all 1.25 to 2.oo
F?ino    HrtCtPfV   I>* Silk Lisle thread, embroider
nilC    I lUISlCry    ed, open work, fine cotton and
cashmere at EASY PRICES.
TEST in Fancy Collars, Jabots, Wash and
Silk Elastic Belts, Dainty White and Silk
W*.sta in newest styles, Motor Caps, Bathing Dresses.
reserve txistiig by reason of a
uotice published in the Britiah Columbia Gazette nf the 27th. day of December, 1807, over landa aituated nn the
Eaat aide of Texada Island, lying to the
south of Lot No. 26, formerly covered
by Timber License No. 13450, which
expired on the 7th day of May, 1908,
ia cancelled, and that the aaid landa will
be open for location under the prnvia-
iona of the "Land Act," after midnight
on June 18th. 1911'
Robert A. Renwick,
Deputy Minister uf Landa-
Landa Department,
Victoria, B. C.
8th. March. 1911
Grocers & Bakers
Dealers in all kinds of Oood
Wet Goods
Best Bread and Beer in Town
Agents for Pilsener Beer
mu _m k co, in.
th« same day orders must not be later than II a. m.
NOTICE ia hereby given that at the
in xt meeting of the Board of License
Commissioners of the City of Cumberland, I intend to apply for a renewal uf
the hotel license held by me for the
Cumberland Hotel, situated on lot 1.
block 6, Cumberland Townsite.
Dated this loth .»> nf May 1911.
Unioif Lodge No 11, 1. 0 0. F,
Meeta every Friday evening at 7 ' cluck
in 1. O. O. F. HaU    Visiting brethem
Jas. E. Aston, Secretary
"■"'■' I'"
Notice To Contractors
SEALED TENDERS, superscribed
■'Tender! lor Courtensy Senool." ail
be reoeived by ths Honourable i: e
Minister ol Put Iio Works up to noon
of Friday, ths 14;h. day ol July, 1911,
(or Ibs ereoti.m snd completion ul a
Urge one room addition tu Court***/
Sohool, ia Ibs Comox Eleotorti Di* •
Plane, specification*, contrast, and
forms of tender nay be seen on and
after the 24th. day of June, 1011 at
the offices oi R. Carter, Esq., Secret-
a-y to tbe i-obool Board, Courtenay.
B C. j tbe Uuwnment Agent, Comber
lstid;*nd tne D.partintnt of Publio
Works, Viotoris.
Eaoh proposal muat bs sscompsni-
»d by sn asoeptad bank cbequs or cei-
lifioste ul deposit on s obartered bank
ot Canada, made payable io the
Honourable tba Mil i ier of Publio
H'mks, lor the rum ol $260, wbicb
siiti) tof jr.'tiuil i' the par y render*
ing deoliue to euler iut.) contract
wben called upo>i fo do so, or if b*
[alls to complete tbe Wi.rk contracted
It. Tueobtquri- <.j e»ri iHc.'ec i f de-
p sit ul unsucc* siui ie> in re aiii.tisre
lurned to tbtm upou the h.ojU ii
ol the contract.
Tenders will not be considered notes) made out un the lo mi supplied
signed witn tne aoiu.l tiguutuii ..I
the tenderer, aud enciused iu lbs *l-
felopes lurnisbed.
Tbe lowest or any tender not neoei-
Publio Works Enginosr
rubiio Works Department,
Viotoris B.O.
21st. June, 1911.     Ju. 24-3 wks
$mfs : Quits
of Summer Suits at $15.00.
They are the latest in style and
best in quality.
DON'T FORGET-we are a-
gents for Coppley, Noyes & Randall Clothing.
Our Ladies' Waists have arrived
and are open for inspection.
tAprW^S^tt-^^t^AfS^t. AA^^S^^WW^WWWN
Third St. St Penrith Avenue
All kinds of hauling done
First-class Rigs for Hire
Livery and team work promptly
attended to
Stoves and Ranges, -
Builders Hardware, Cutlery,
Paint, Varnishes, Arms and Ammunition, Sporting Goods,
The McClary  Manufactuing Co.
Sherwin-Williams Paints
Will Old Age Find YOU
Still Drudging Along:
What is life going tomean to you ? Is it Going to mean comfort and prosperity, or is lack
of training going to condemn you to hard labor for the rest of your days?
FOU YOU, THERE IS A ROAD TO StCCESS.    Let Geo. Shaw, Nanaimo, tell you all about it.
The International  Correspondence Schools
Fredericton Sub-Division, Edmonton
Some of the leading business gentlemen of this city are putting this sub-division on the market, and a lot bought on this
valuable property cannot help but net you a handsome profit
in a short time on a very small amount of capital. This property is situated on Alberta Ave., adjoining the city.limits. It
is intersected by the St. Albert road, making access to city easy
To give you an crample of th* rapid increase in value of this property, we
tteed but say that Fredericton was bought tn November last, and resold a few
months later at over double the purchase priee.
Can you afford to miss this opportunity to invest a small amount of capital in
litis subdivision 1
Lots on Alberta Avenue are 80 x 125, the others 50 x 140.
Prices range from 8100 fc> 8400, terms IS cash, balanes 0, 12*18 moths.
Agents for Columbia Fire Insurance Company
vjtoet ^cgiaxfane, manager,   m.   §um£>exlavb, £8. §. THE ISLANDER. CUMBERLAND. B.C.
Useful Around the Farm
"Enclosed ]*l«':ts». tind one dollar iur
which please send»me two lury*. 50c bot*
tics o( Nerviline, It is u remedy thnt
I do not cure to be without. It is
especially good (ironud tho farm for
man or beust.   The worst neuralgia it
cures at » e.    Kor n cold, sore throat
or   chest   affection,   nothing   ia   bettor
than  Nerviline."
(SignedJ    Richard  llamlyn,
French I.iv>-r. Out.
Get Nerviline today. Sold by all
dealers, in 25c and ■".".■ bottles.
There is no rose
Without us cruel thorn.
Nu pleasure glows
Without sitlne grief to Ull
in   words of  bliss
There still Iml. t. s of sn
' ,'ery liis-
Hides some condemned hue
To preserve oggs, ,>*• tri- six quarts
boiling water ou to three pounds
lime, ..in1 ounce of cream of tartar, :
half ll pound ul' silt. When quite cold
jimir this over fresh eggs darefully ar
ranged in jars, and sec ffrat all aro
covered.     Tie   over   with   paper,   nud
stand  i shelf in tlic larder or in a
nud  store   room,
Us,, your .nnl ,ln-t.   Tuke :i pi  ul'
paper about six inches wid, and ten
inches long, ninl pile up coal dust un il.
then cnrefully lilt it on In Hie lire.
Thc edge, nf the pnper will sunn blaze
up, Imt the pari  ler tiie .lust will remain. Tiie coal dust thus arranged
will burn slowly and improve .the tire
i'nslcad uf dendoning it ;is is often the
case   witli   dust.
• ■ Men wlio always wear their huts
soon become bald.    I've noticed thut."
"You're mixing up cause and efTeet
Wlmt you've noticed La thut bald men
are always careful to wear their hut'
Tyneside P.O., Ont.
i received your sample of (UN
PILLS and after using them, i felt mo
much better that I got a box at iny
druggist's, uud now 1 am taking the
third box.
Tbe pain across my bark and kidneys
has almost entirely gone and i am better than 1 have been for yours, 1 wasa
great sufferer from Rheumatism but it
has all left me. 1 strongly advise all
women, who sillier from Pain iti The
Bach and Weak Kidneys, to irv OIN
Thousands of women, right here in
Canada, owe theii- robust health, their
strength and vigor, their bright eyes
und rosy chocks—to OIN PILLS. And
they know that GIN PILLS will mre
the Kidney und Bladder Troubles with
which so inuiiy women sutler.
Do just as Mrs. Harris did—Ilrst,
write for n tree sain pie box of GIN
PILLS and try them. Then, if they do
you good get the regular 60c. boxes at
vour dealer's. Vour money promptly
refunded If GIN I'ILLS fail to give
relief. National Drug and Chemical
Co.,  Dept. R. P. Toronto. 50
The original
. Gin Pilla made by
] National Drug and
'Chemical Co. of
) Canada Limited,
Toronto, are told
only In this box.
s.m,   I   hear   vou   huve   joined   tli
.■ Bcout movement."
•Yes, dad."
'Well, s'pose you scout  ahead am
if   your   mother   is   Bitting   Up   fo
omanded  his wife
■would vou be now
ti a nafe, jileasaut, Rntineptt.
liniment for reilui inn Varicost
Veins to n normal condition
htalinff them even nfter the)
bave broken, stopping Die pall
quickly, overcoming the nore
iii-^K, restoring ttie cirmlatioi
in (treasonable length of time
AIho a Buecestftil remedy fi
treating VariooBtt ten. pttlnfuJ
Hwelllnfrst toothache, urn
rulffln, rlienunit iton,rheum
ni lu or gouty tloiiofdle, bun
I onn. enmSf Um Imch, luttx
back, stlfTneclt. a ..'■■■'' rem
edy i'i have iu the bousa ii
I'm1 thu children gelA hniicnl
brulH, strain, sore ihroni, oi
Mime palnftil trouble wli're i
KTHii'ninH'iit would be usefol
_ AHKflltlt!Ni:,,IIt.tl<«-tiH<iiui
ri'ii»otii-ii'.i.   rm'- |: «"■< ■■'. t" •> •'la*, bottle,   \t *i
ifiuncmuni-iMiYiTert. U'HikSVflW. MnnufNi'Mlri'd on)) Ii»
it. F. VOU'"?. P. 0. F., 210 Tsmgls 8t„ Sprlntfleld, Man
V       1 VM IIH, LM.. loRln.il   l.-ir,!!,,  lif.xli.
ll... riin.i-l.Hl >._   XiHTIA   Hltl.K * H1.\S.   rl)., lMnr,li„[
Tim htTihiii. net it a ' ii nm *i. co., ii i..r.iv..tt a <y
prii erne I1UDKUW.I anus. ,t>„ Ltd. %*.,..„..
Don't Persecute
your Bowels
Cat out ^thirties •nd (wnstiws.   Tbey ete brutal
—hanli-.-uniiecMwrr.     **J
PlirJj *H|rt*Hf.   Ad'
_m.r oe lhe lit*»,
ffiminale biU,  and
•write i)i« tMieale
nontmnr ti
of tit bowd.
Cm Cm
-_' ami,-, ul IWJmta,.. mill,.,,, know.
Small Pill, Small Dec, Small Priee
Genuine mu.ii»*r Signature
"Anil  wIi.m...'
with llnsliuig eyes,
only for nn-.'"
Tl mn  glanced  nt the  clock,    lt
wan verging Ou midnight. Ue sigli.'d
un.I wus Bilont.
"But, my dear, if I buy yuu this
gown, it will put me titty dollars in
"Only llfty dollarsl If you are so
iny iii dobt, why not go in liko 11 gentle-
mnn nnd make it i\ hundred'"
"Vmi want more money, Why, my
boy, 1 workod threo years for $11 a
month right in this establishment, and
nnw 1 'in owner of it.!'
"Well, vou see whnl happened to
your boss. ' No man who trents his help
thut way enn hang onto his business."
■•What kind of a enreer huvo you
mapped out for your buy, .lush?"
"i'm goin' to mnko a lawyer of
him," and Farmer Corntossed. "lie's
got nn unconquerable fancy for tendin'
to other people's business, all' he might
us woll git paid for it."
It was a Uostunian, according to Kui-
lin Lynde Hartt. in nn article called
"Funny Boston" in the Metropolitan
Magazine, win livened the, Longfellow centenary by blurting, "Suy,
that guy makes me sick! He'd never
'n' boon hoard of if ho hadn't married
Alice Roosevelt."
This is u quotution from a Conner-
ticut woman's diary, dated 1790: "We
had roast pork for dinner; and Dr. S.,
who carved hold np a rib on his fork
and said: "Here, ladies, is what Mother
Eve wus mado of." "Yes," said Sister Patty, "and it's from very mueh
tho same kind o' critter."
A real joke was sprung by a student
at II certain university last week. This
student suffers from tho stigma of obesity; it appears that even professors
do not love a fat man. After a particularly unsnccccful recitation in Knglish 111", the professor said:
"Alas, Mr. Blank! You nre better
fed than taught."
"That's right, professor," sighed tho
youth, subsiding heavily, "you teach
me—1 feed myself."
Mother--" What are you doing. Uur.
Harry—"I'm countin'. You told me
when I got mad to count a hundred."
Mother—'' Yes,   I  did so.''
Hnrry—"Woll, I've counted i'.l', und
i'm  madder'n when  I  started."
Toucher (to new pupil)—"Why, did
Hannibal cross the Alps, my little
My Little Man.—"For the same
reason as the 'en crossed th' road.
Ter don't catch ino with nu puzzles."
"Bob" Davis, who is editor of Mun
soy's Magazine, nnd the author of
several plays, is the possessor of n
souse of humor and u power of espies
sion thnt is frequently picturesque,
Speaking of n man who had iichicvod
some distinction as li killjoy, Dnvli
said. "Thut fellow is u great athlete
llo ean throw ll wet blanket two llllll
dred yards in uny gathering."
lie lind been ettllillg on her twiee :
woek for six months, but had not pro
posed, lie was a wise young mun and
therefore   didn't    think   it   nocessnr;
"Ethel," lie said, us they were tn I.
ing a moonlight stroll one evening. "I
—er—am going to ask yuu nn import
mil question." "Oh, Ooorgo!" slu
oxclnlmcd, "this is so sudden! Why
I "   " Whnl. I wnnt to ask is this,"
ho interrupted. "Wlmt dute. have ynu
uud your mothor decided upon for our
Hill Uny nf Nantucket, followed, bul
iu popularity never equalled, his pre-
docessor, lhe' old bell-ringer nnd Inimitable tmvnotior. Ulurk, Hue day ns Hay
nu.i In* daughter were strolling ubout
the town, the lnttnr shipped before the
soldiers' inunuineiii nnd laboriously begun to decipher thc nn s.   w ith u dis-
nppoiuted look she tiirnod In he futher
nnd snid: " lind. ain 'I youi- name
horo?" Oliincing nl his daughter, he
rupllml: "'Clementine, lie I den.I.'"
A   Inrge musician wltll ll  larger vio
loneollo hailed ii linns  "Drive uie lo
King's llllll!" he suid. Wheu. nfter u
hard tussle, he luul wedged himself und
his instrument into the limited men of
the cab, the driver Cracked liis whip
und drove off. Thoy renchod the imli.
The musicinu alighted, nnd took nut u
shilling. •What's this?" demanded
Ihe driver. "Your legal I'nre," snid
the musician, "Yos. I know it's my
legnl fine lm- dirtying vou," retorted
the jelni. null ii direful gluncc ut the
bulky in-diiiinont, "bul whut about
that   lliorc  lliil..;"
. .        A        A
A very nbsent minded lnwver engaged
u taxicab, (in the wav t.. court he over
took llie judge, plodding along on font
through rain nnd wind nud mud. und he
bulled nnd invited llis liunnr tu ride
with him. The judge accepted the Invitation, the taxloiih duly reached the
courthouse, and the absent-Alluded lnwver hopped out and ran upstairs to gel
ready the papers' for n petition Ho wns
tu present.    Hul. when tho courl opened
the    petition    wns    presented,    llie
judge, who hnd boon so courteous in the
cult a fow minutes before, now repulsed
thc lawyer coldly and contemptuously.
As the poor follow stuoil stnpilied, u
crier whispered to him: "Do you know
whnt you did You ran in and left his
honor to pay for the taxicab."
It wus a young member nf Sir Herbert Tree's London theatre company
wlm does not exactly sull'er from modesty. Lately lie mot a well-known then
trival manager, who knows something
nbout the product inn of musical comedy, mnl they stnpped for a chat.
"Well, hew is the world using you?"
inquired tho malinger. "Oh, we're
goin' si rung, deah buy, goin' strong,"
replied llie exquisite, flicking his yellow
tupped patent leather boots, "We're
doing Henry \'ll.. ns yon know. Iluw,
yos,"he continued, "we ure lining very
nicely. After this, we shall revive 'A
Midsummer Night's Dream.' and after
well, we haven't quite settled yet. bnt.
of course, we shall do snniething specinl
for the coronation] yuu know." "Well,
good-by," suid the mnnngor, "glnd tn
hear you are doing so well. Oh—ei—
by tho wny, is Tiec still with you?"
I.mil (losclien was once asked tn dinner bv the German chuncollor, und described the occasion in his memoirs;
"Bismarck mndo nn excellent dinner,
but not so good us I expected. The lisli
course consisted nf lampreys, nnd His
mark said that he liad onco, to bis
shame, euton eighty-one at ii sitting.
Lord Odo, remembering the fate uf a
British king, nsked if he hud nn reason
to regret the font. 'Yes.' he suid, 'I
did regret it. I huve ot'ton regretted
what 1 have eaten, but never whut; 1
have drunk.' 'Hut, you huve not been
the worse for it." 'i did not suy I had
not been the worse fur my potations;
I said I had never regretted them.'
He spuke in slow but gnud Knglish, mid
snid a number of quaint nnd good
things. Here is u very characteristic
specimen: 'I rather envy you Knglish
statesmen thc excitement nf the House
of Commons, Yuu hnve the pleasure
of being able to cull a man a damned
infernal scoundrel. Now 1 can't dn
that in diplomacy.'
The annual meeting of the Canadian
National Live Stock Record Board was
held at the I'riace Oeorge Hotel. Toronto, nn April 26th, The sixth annual
report was presented, which, gavo accurate details of the transactions for
the past yeur. Pedigrees recorded,
transfers made, uad membership foes
for each of the breeds during the pust
year were us follows:
Transfers Received
Association    Pedigrees Recorded  1910
Shorthorn     ..  7,544    3,04-1    .11,974.40
Ayrshire .... 'J.aiir.   1,070      4,126.87
Slickly tlm,. ?***... mi ralga. h.A
Hereford .  ..
Swine 8,205
Hackney   .   ..
Angus  . .
(inllownv.    .
Red Polled.  ..
1 II7.UI)
Guernsey ..
cnttle   . .
horses   ..
Belgian   ..   .'.
I'ercheron  .   . .
Suffolk.   ....
French  Conch
Standard bred
Record Com...
Totul   ..    .-.80,80n
if  liv
• stock
fur   IIIHI
were us follows:
Olvdosdnlo horsi
.   ..   1.325
I'huroughbred  111
...      171
Percherou horse
.   . .      112
Shire horses  ..
...       7S
Hackney horses
" 65
Belgian  horses   .
...      112
.   . .      IS9
.   ..      HH
Hereford cuttle
...          .»
lorsoy cattle ..
. ..      68
Ked Polled cnttl
1  . .
...      7-1
Short-horn cuttli
Angus entile ..
.   . .       175
iilornsov cattle
Standard-bred hi
.   ..      121
Morgan horses .
...         4
Suffolk Imrses  .
Vmoricun suddle
s   ..   .
French Couch In
lerninn Coach h
Yuur culur is bud, tongue is furred,
eyes are dull, appetite is poor, your
stomach needs tune, your liver needs
awakening. Try Dr. Hamilton's Pills,
ln just one night you'll notice u difference, for Dr. Hnmilton 's I'ills search
out every trace of trouble. You'll eat.
sleep, digest and feel n whole lot bettor.
You will gain in strength, hnve a clear
complexion, experience the joy of robust health. To tone, purify and enliven svsteni there is nothing like Dr.
Hamilton's Pills.    25 cents at all doul-
Tnlnl 3.22,
That Hie constitutions of lhe various
lit,,  stock   association  nlllllatcd   undor
the Nuli il Record Associntlon Bhould
in ossential points nil he clearly defined,
is u matter which is readily understood.
In ordor tn provide inr this n commit
lee from lhe Record Board wus appoint
oil in prepare n bill tn be rocoi mdod
for presentation I" the Minister of
Agriculture, with n request thin it be
brought before Hie Senate mid the
Houso of Commons fur enactment. This
bill providos fur the incorporation of
live stuck associations with powers to
enact the business which devolves upon
such associations, defining the powers
and liabilities nf lhe associations mid
nf its members.
Thnt nil wilful frndiilenrc in regard
lo pedigree or registration shull he con
sidured us un offense ngninst the Hive
Stock Pedigree Aet, is mi item covering
n situation which llo.rotoforo was s,,nie
Tiie merits of Bicklo's Antl-Coiisnmp.
ii\e syrup us u sure roniody for coughs
nu.I colds ure attested by scores who
know its power iii giving almost in-
stmit relief when the throat is sore
with coughing und the whole pnlinou-
uv region disordered iu consoquonlio.
\ bottle or this world-fumed Syrup will
•live dnctnr's bills, nnd a great deal of
suffering. Price 25 cents, nt nl] doal-
whut faulty, lly this net falsifying of
pedigrees becomes amenable to direct
prosecution, and muy bc followed up
more effectively tliun heretofore.
The record committoo wus reelected
as follows: A. W. Smith, M.P.. Maple
Lodge, Out., eliuiriliiiu; .lolm Bright,
Myrtle, Out., representing heavy hurses;
W. .1. Sturk, Toronto, Ont., light horses;
Robert Miller, Stouffville, Out., beef
cnttle;   Hon.   N.  (iarneuti, Quo.,  dairy
cuttle; .1. M. (luurdhiiuse. West  Out.,
sheep; .1. K. Itrethnni', Burford, lint.,
swine; .inu. W. Blunt, Ottawa, (Int.,
(If all the schemes for utilisation of
the vast deposits of peat tu be found
iu all parts uf the world, none is so
promising, perhaps, as that represented
by u recent Installation in Russia where
tiie pout is used successfully iu ll gas-
producer. As is well hnown. the "producer" system uf obtaining power from
the combustion of fuel is nut tn turn
water into steam with it and run n
steam-engine, but to turn it into gus
in u "producer," which is u gus plant
uu a small scale d then use this gns
iu u gus-engliic. H has been found
thnt pent may be used in lhis wuy un
well ns cnnl,' nnd il is possiblo that
this discovery may solve the problem
I add enormous vnlue to our pent
iiisits! Says u writer in Cosoiiis:
• Pur u long time, also, it has been
sought to lind remunerative means tn
ise peat us mi industrial fuel, either by
fxtraeting siiuiiltuuenusly, bid separate,
y, gus und the nitrogen thut it enntuins
i'n inipurtaiit quantities, ur the gus by
tself nloue. But lor purely economic
reasons, it can not bc dried urtiilclully,
nid when dried simply iu the uir, it
still contains n very huge proportion
of witter, which has hitherto pill tt stop
to the attempts of all investigators. At
the samo time there is ut present iu
Russin a factory thut is operating continuously with an explosion motor of
500 horse-power fed solely with pent-
gas. The gasogono is charged from
ibove mul tlio gus is taken out at the
eentro, because the temperature is high
est there. The gus is conducted into
washes and cleaners before delivery to
the router, nud its high temperature is
I tu reheat the primary uir. The
nitrogen, which is lust, represents 55
per cent, of the gas, which also has 15
to 17 per cent, uf carbonic acid gas. S.S
to 9.5 of carbon monoxid, 16,5 to 17 of
hydrogen, besides hydrocarbons and
oxygen. The consumption varies, with
the humidity of the peat, from 0.9 to
1.35 kilograms per horsepower hour;
.ind the gas obtained has a calorific
power of -S50 to 1,050 calories per cubic
Although this installation dates
buck loss than a year, the results have
been quite satisfactory, nnd it may bo
that we have in it a valuable indication
of the means to be used for a rational
and remunerative exploitation of our
Recently attention has been colispi
euously drawn tu the nourishing potentialities of n humble class of food—
pork uud beans. In Scotland the diet
otic vnlue of this fund is ignored; but
iu other parts of tlic world, especially
ill Clilin.la and the United States, it is
of pro-eminent Importance, large estnb
lishn Is being devoted to the canning
of this commodity. Yel it is ii dish
whieh cnn be prepared cheaply nnd
easily, though un nir of mystery has
been' given   tu  the  nit   uf  prcpurotiou.
•flio beu Ivocnted iii  Britniu  is the
small haricot, which is bought fur about
twopence per pint. In Canada, however.
outside the large towns nf which purl;
and beans arc considered a staple food,
the brown kidney bean is prof or red.
Prom personal experience the writer
cnn nllinn tlml Ihe hitter benn is sweet
er, inure tasty, mul Idling.   Cooking is
verv simple.    All llmt is i cssary is
to place the beans in u saucepan with
mid adequate supply of cold wuter. A
smnll piece of I mi. suy I w.i streaky
rushers       pint   nf   bouns,   is   then
put in—more cm, I bled if it is desired In lllllko Hie ment u dish us well;
nml. if preferred, the meat cun be udd
ed ill chunks instend uf thin slices. The
 itents nre then brought   to lhe boll
quickly,   nn.l   kepi   su   Inr  an  hour   ul
two until the beans be™  sofl i
uud Hie meul Ims shredded somowhat.
it will be requisite tn add water from
Jltno in lime io compensate for thut
lost bv evaporation, nod for this pur
pose n kettle should be kept boiling
beside ihe saucepan, care being takon
tu add "idy boiling wator.    The pro
ptUratlOll    is   extremely    simple,   mid    sn
lung us un adequate chargo of water
i« kept in Hie sniicepnii. burning of the
contents will bu molded. When the
dish is cookod ii i- onlv  necessary to
ndd pepper  I soil  lo lliste, though it
enn be rendered moro appetising by the
use nf tl lillle tomato sluice. The liquid
is us nourishing ns the solid vogolnblo.
The writer can testify !„ the staying-
powers nf such ll ,lisli. ns well lis to its
body building powers, I'm- during a hard
journey ni twelve liundrod miles over
the I'm,inlinn north west nail lust your
pork itiul bonus figured in one nr more
tneuls nearly every day—for over n
week it formed the staple dish three
times n .Iny; und nftor a gund matutinal
hinge uf lhis commodity one could
fuce will, equanimity un eight or too
hours' journey without food through
the tumbled wilderness nnd mountain
fastnesses, I'or the trail no more sus-
tnlniun dish hus vet been found; und us
body building medium fur the humble
Inline'nr a simple diet fur the epicurean
suffering from gastronomic troubles it
Will   he   dillicillt    tn   excel.
The Horseman
No Longer Has
Cold or Catarrh
Dear Wirs,—[ have beeu in tho .lruu.
1-MenwoM is the show farm of tho  business for ovor six years, ami as an
south, und is locuted ton miles out of
Nashville, Tennessee on tho Gallutlne
I'iko. The owner is Walter O. farmer,
who is woll known in Cunadu to all lovers of the thoroughbreds, as he has been
L-ounertod with racing in Canada for
some years, also was connected witli
Kort IJrio and latterly with the Windsor race track, of wh'u-li he is part
owner with (Joorgo M.  Hendiir.
-Mr. Parmer ptirclmped this farm
sumo four years ago, and ho hus mude
it an ideal estate for the brooding of
his thoroughbred horses, cattlo, hogs.
etc., of which he is the acknowledged
leader   in  Tennessee.
Tho farm contains (ild acres, lho
greatest part of which is usotl for pasture, whero grOws nothing but the famous blue grass. -\ creek runs through
the farm ami supplies good water for
all the stoMi.
The stables where the thoroughbred!!
are kept are spai-iuits ami well ventilated und are kept very cleat). The
yoUvlipg barn is const rm t- -i un the
most modem _ plans ami of suoh si/.o
and convenience thnt the umitro part,
wliich is I'Kl feet sipiare, "an ho used
as a sale ring.
The Commoner, a I'm- us vac' lime,
is the pheinier stallion and is one nl' lhe
threo leading money winning siies I'm
l.ilo. The ComniotiPi is a sua of tlu
grout llanovor out of a loll -istor t-.i
Khoda ll., the dam nf Orion.;.', wiiinei
of the Knglish Derby 11 l.io<).
The Uomn'iotloi* is the sir" uf many
great stake winners. His largos; win
ner uut last year ya^.Mr. John Oroen
er's Countless, Wi until' of man,' Iterbys
and Stakes, ami I'anuer , winner of the
King's Plate. Mob Co. ami miinv (tillers   are   In   his   credit.
Lord Kastorliug h auothor loyally-
lired stallion that Ins bm ight tame, it
KdenwoUl. lie is a sou u* Kstoi'ling.
dam Lady Seeluni by Sjteciuiri. Me is
the sire of Peter atorling, that Mr.
Ptri.ti.ar'8 brother rncod thnugh Ihe
Canadian circuit wi'i groat success
capturing many races f,\r his mviier,
aftor which he disposed ->t' Iniu nt i
long  price.
Mr. Parmer is breeding a few of his
mares to hr. Boots, a fivo-year-old son
of the Commoner, dam the good mare
Touch Not, the ilam of the peerless
Notosulga. llo is an ideal type of the
thoroughbred, ami as a two-year-old
showed extrmno speed iu his trials, but
liad to be retired on account of fever,
which affected his wind.
The brood mares number around for
ty, all fashionahly bred.
Mr. Parmer has nineteen yearlings,
ton colts and nine tillics, which he will
sell either :it Saratoga or Detroit; aud
they are worth going miles to see, ull
big and strong and well developed.
They have a paddock uf !t."i acres ovor
whieh to dovolop the bono and muscle
which  is essential for the breed.
M. (J. Rodwell, the Colorado turfman
who was ruled oil' tho turf at l*Jitonia
for the alleged doping of the horse Nad
zu, was reinstated by the Kentucky
lacing Commission. Uedwell at the
time of his ruling uff had ouo of the
best stables in the country and was
well up in the list nf winning owners.
Heveral times during the last winter
hi> made application for reinstatement
and brought for wanl many proofs of
his innocence. Several weeks ago the
coiumissidu received letters from horsemen in California telling them of the
pitiful condition uf the uue time pros
peinus horseman, anil asking them to
reopen his case. After a thorough
investigation and ut the request of
Judge Price, whu was Instrumental iu
his ruling otV. Uedwell with all his
horses was reinstated. The punish
uiont of Uedwell has been severe iu tho
extreme, for the reason that he was not
only set down himself, but his large
stable of tItorotighbroils was rendered
practically valueless, as the hurses were
ine I in led in the ruling, which meant
they were ineligible to rtlCO ou any track
under the jurisdiction uf a recognized
racing associution. 'i'he offence for
which sil(5h drastic measures wore takeu
in this case is a most com'tuuii one
around race tracks, and if every owner
or tminer \\ho uses ''dopes" or ad
ministers stituiilauts is similarly pun
ished theie will be plenty nf' stable
ritum  for tho otliers.
Up-to-date druggist have a deep seated
antipathy tu certain kinds of medicines., However, being a sufferer from
Catarrh, and noticing the enormous
sale of Catarrhozone. actuated by mu
tdvob of curiosity I opened and tried
a small 25 cent* package uf Catarrho
zone. Hy tho time I liad tinishod it
and one'of thu $1 size Outfits of Cn
tnnhuzdiio, 1 was completely eurotl.
That was eight months ago, and I have
never since even had a cold. I cou
sitlor Catarrhozone au indispensable
remedy   in  every   household,
(Signed) Lawrence Mead, Brockvllle,
Catarrhozone is sold under guarantee,
in \ir,_ 50c. and .+ 1 sizes. Oct it from
vour dealer.
SA/Ms Gun
Illicitly tlopfi rnutflit, ruren colds* hnal*
no throat aad lunds 23 cralt
The necessity for packing articles
attractively iu ordor to catch the cus
tumor's oyo and enlist liis interest hus
been driven home to British linns very
strongly during recoiii years. This is
a Held in which the Americans excel.
Inasmuch as they huVp learned that tho
pleasing external appearance of an article generally doubles it- sale. British
merchants have followed their example,
aud today the majority nf articles .-an
be purchased in a tastefully packed
manner.    Hut if there is mio commodity
moro than anothor in which there is
groat, scope for improvement, it is butter. The shopkeeper invariably gives
tiie customer a depressinglnnking mass
which uo self respecting housewife
would think nf putting nn the table.
Many u shopkeeper selling au Inferior
article has secured greater trade than a
colleague vending the best produce just
because ho knows how "tu put it up"
iu an attractive manner. A machine
has now been placed on the market
whereby butter can be moulded and
and appotl&ingly, and in any desired
weighed in the form of a circular drum.
a rectangular brick, or a mil, cleanly
quantity, from a small pat of half n
pound weight to n chunk of two pounds.
The machine eau be used by hand ur
power according to the requirements of
the vendor, and will turn out tho weigh
od and moulded article at the rate of
from four hundred tu seven and twenty
pounds per luuir. according as lo whether the drive is manual ur mechanical.
It should be a useful machine for dairies, and appreciably increase the do
maud for an article of local production.
It can be applied similarly to margar
ino ami lard.
It costs more to maintain a vice than
a  family.
Man learns from every experience,
except the experience with a woman in
They   toll   us   the   bankers   are   regular
Who eut out the heart of the lund;
That all the reformers aro atmosphere
Who lie in a manlier most bland;
Thoy say that the teachers aro frauds.
und the preachers
Aro all of them out for thc dust;
Which   leads   us   to   clamor     'mid   din
from  the  hammer-
Well, who in the world can wo trust 1
We're  told  that   the   Bible  is  merely
a tribal
And doubtful old legend or myth;
That  history's listed  with things tbat
are twisted.
That Shakespeare is lucking in pith;
That  all   of  the   papers  are given   tu
Whieh seem  unverucious indeed;
That books ure confusion—a snare and
Weil, .what   iu   the   world   shall   we
They say it's no mission to play poli
That law is a profitless trade;
That  music or writing, or baseball  or
Are not to be lightly essayed;
To  live  at   your   leisure  is  '' idle rich
To (Iig in a ditch is taboo;
And     therefore     we     very     expoctedly
" Well,   what   in   the   world   eau   we
Say,  who's  to be trusted.'    Try   me.   I
am   busted,—
I'll care for your money and such;
And  as   fur  your   reading   -well,   1   am
My    books   have    been    praised    very
t      much;
Ami as for your labor, why. here you
are, neighbor.--
To do as yuu please ymi are free.
Providing vim're  ready  to keep at   it
And  give half the profits  to me!
Portugal lice milk.—Wash half a tea
cupful of rice, aud place it in a double
suiisopan with ono pint of milk. Let
this cuok slowly till the mixture is like
cream. Itoat it thoroughly, and lot it
cnnl, then stir iu tho yolks nf two eggs
ami sugar to taste. Stir while tho mix
ture heats thoroughly, but does not boil.
Flavor to tnsto.aml when cooled place
iu a iilass dish.
tm 9*4, Wuk, Wwry, Wtlcry Ept ud
MurineDoesn'tSmart-Soothes Eye Pait
DnoWiMBUflME>.R.HJr.UM,2Sc,Stc,lt.» .....
Murim t~. S—.», in Auptic Tub... 2Se, $1.01 .. ii |
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mm • «*    _ ~~ _    _—       ____-.  - ti on u I ii s   i ii   i il is   I esiici I   Ciiii    oe   VUUII
MurineEyeRemedyCo.,Chica«< (!(I for )iv |0ffiona of* U8(jr8i
The Pill That Brings Relief.—When
liter one has partaken of a  meal he is
oppressed   by   feelings   of   fulness   and
pni ns   in   the   stomach   he   sull'ers   from
dyspepsia,  which   wil]  persist   if  it   be
imt   dealt   with.     Pnrmelee's   Vegetable
Pills   are   the   very   best   medicine   that
inn   be   taken   tn   bring   relief.    Those
ills are specially compounded to deal
yspepsia,    and    their    sterling
That Splitting Headache
will nnlih If you take
"NA-DRU-CO" Headache Wafers
Give quick, sure relief, and we guarantee they contain  notlilnc
harmful to the heart or nervous system.   25c a box, at all druggists'.
National Drug and Chemical Co. of Canada, Limited, Montreal.
Sackett Plaster Board
The Empire Brands of Wall Platter
llttitifacturad only by
The Manitoba Gypsum Co., Ltd.
Winnipeg, Man.
awflw?"^* •jm""' THE ISLANDER. CUMBERLAND. B.C.
Evolution of the Thin Red Line
(By E. Bruce Low, M.A.)
Wheu. at Balaklava, Sir Coliu Campbell rode down the line of waving
plumes and tartans of tbe gallant
Ninety-third (the seeond battalion of the
Argylo and Sutherland Highlanders),
then drawn up, five hundred Btrong, ta
two-deep line, with bayonets lixed, prepared to receive the attack of uine hundred RuflBiau Cavalry, he proudly addressed them. "Highlander.!," he said,
''remember there is no retreat from
hore; you muat die whore you stand."
And the men replied cheerily, "Ay, ay,
S'ir Colin, we'll do that."
The scene has become impressed upon
the memory and imagination of our nation hh the realization of the high ideal
uf soldierly conduct in the presence of
the enemy. Literature nnd art have
vied with each other iu depleting this
incident of the Thin Ked Line tipped
with steel, when the two battalions of
Turks posted on the flunk of the kilted
regiment turned tail and lied, and left
as the sole defenders of the stragetie
base of the British army this handful
of firm and resolute mon. Lord Raglan
asd his staff, who wero spectators of
the dramatic incident from the ridge,
could see, as the combatants could not,
that behind this swift attack of raiding
Cossacks there was a full division ol
three thousand ItuAsian cavalry moving
up the Causeway Heights, aud that behind these again were heavy columns
of infantry aud artillery bent, it seer
ed, on reaching the snme objective
tho key, in truth, of the whole position
of the Allies. As the horsemen approached, the Scarlet Thread, hitherto
stretched behind ti rocky knoll, swept
forward to crown tho crest, and instantly camo under the fire of the Russian
artillery, directed from the series of re-
doubts whloh Imd formed the first line
of defem'e, and from which the Turks
bad Hod in dismay before tin? overwhelming numbor of the assailant*. On
that moment depended uot only the fate
of the base of supplies, but probnbly
the result of the war itself; for, with
Balaklava taken, the Allies could not
have remained a dny longer before So
To seek the genius of this grent de
veiopment iu tactics we must eust our
survey bnck to .Tune. 1S0S, jwhon one
evening, after dinner, in his house in
Barley Street. Wellington sat with his
friend Crokor, and fell iuto a deep
reverie. Crokor rallied him on his silence, and Sir Arthur (as he then was)
replied: "To say the truth, I was
thinking of the French I am going to
tight. 1 have not seen them since the
campaign in Flanders (l7W-t*5), when
they were capital soldiers, and a
dozen years of victory under Bonaparte
must have made them better Btill, They
have, besides, n new system of strategy
which has outmanoeuvred and over
whelmed all the armies of Europe.
'Tis enough to make one thoughtful;
but, uo matter, the die is east. They
may overwhelm me, but I don't think
t.he> will uut manoeuvre me; first, be
oause I am not afraid of them, as every
body else seems to be; and, secondly,
because if all I hear of their system be
true, I think it is u false system against
troops steady enough to receive them
with the bayonet. I suspect all the
t Continental armies are half-beaten be
fore the battle begins. I. at leaBt, will
not be frightened beforehand." (Crok
er's Memoirs, vol. i. p. 12).
This conversation took place on the
night before Sir Arthur left London to
take command of the first British expedition to the Peninsula. But even
before "this Oeneral of Sepoys," us
Napoleon was pleased to call him in
derision, had closed his fighting career
in India, he had remarked to hiH eonfi
dnnts that the French wore sweoping
everything beforo them iu Kurope by
the use of the formation in column, but
that he was fully convinced that the
column could and would be beaten by
tbe line,
The great intellect which was to prick
tbe bubble of Bonaparte's reputation
as the greatest soldier in Kurope had
already weighed the worth of those
dense Froneh columns whieh had well-
nigh conquered the Continent, and had
found them wanting.
What, then, was the new system
which Wellington put to the test at the
epoch-making battle of Vimeiro?
The auswer to this question is probably found by considering the formations of the French army which it was
intended to oppose.
The French military schools where
Napoleon himself was educated adopted
the system of Mesnil Durnnd. whieh
from 1774 influenced the tactics of all
French armies. During the Consulate
aud Kmpirc battalions \r*}re formed in
close columns of double companies, with
two of the ten companies thrown out
as skirmishers. Several battalions act
ijig in concert were formed in line of
double companies, the flank companies
being used ns skirmishers. The object
of this company formation wns to allow
the free movement of cavalry nnd artillery through the intervals.
The objection of Humid to the lino
formation arose from the fact that it
produced an inclination nmong the men
to halt and tire. The column, on the
other hand, was, he thought, the better
formation for a rapid advance. We conclude, therefore, that the basis of Dur-
and's tactics lay in the small battalion
columns, covered by strong lines of
skirmishers. Regiments did not exist
in the French army till Napoleon form
ed the camp at Boulonge for the invasion of Kngland. Till then battalions
wore combined in demi -brigades of
three battalions. The new formation
in regiments was first tried iu battle
At Austorlitz (1805).
At Jena, in IMOfi, the old column formation of Frederick the Great, whicli
consisted of open columns of companies
marching in two or more lines, but
which made no provision fnr supplying
skirmishers   in   front,   wa.s  opposed  to
It Makes New Friends Every Day,-—
Not u day goes hy that Br. Thomas'
Kelectrie Oil does not widen the circle
of its friends. Orders fur it come from
the most unlikely places in the wost
and far north, for its fame hns travelled far. It deserves this nttoution, for
no oil has done so much for humanity.
Its moderate cost mnkes it easy to get.
the formation of Napoleon. The contest ended in the victory of the new
column formation owing to its combination of rapidity in deployment and in
forming square to receive cavalry,
which tho Compnny Column of tho Prussians could not form so effectually. The
French hud nlso the advantage of the
fire of their strong skirmishing line. In
this way the French secured superiority
io both " fire' 'aud'' shock'' tactics. The
result was the overthrow of the Prussian and Austrian armies whenever the
French forces were under the command
of competent lenders.
Napoleon also introduced the system
of concentrating great forcos of artillery to prepare the way for the ad-
vunce of his heavy attacking columns,
formed out of entire divisions, which ho
used first at Kyluu (1807).
After this period tho great Continental armies—-Russian, Prussian, and
Austrian—adopted the French formation of close columns, und later (July
1S01*) thoy also introduced tjie firiag-
liue of skirmishers. It was, theu, to
meet the ever victorious column formation of Napoleon that Wellington had
to devise his new system.
Selecting a good position, with cover
for his men, Sir Arthur (as he was iu
1H0H) sought protection for his infantry
behind the crest of a hill, aud proceeded to deploy his regiments into tine,
with bayonets fixed, and there calmly
watched the approaching columns. The
enemy, covering his front with skirmishers, advanced iu solid masses, often
consisting of a whole division, and
wore received by the fire of artillery
securely posted ou the ridge aud by innumerable skirmishers firing from
cover. As these unwieldy columns approached, tho British line, ouly two-
deep, moved up steadily over the crest
and waited the attack without firing
till the enemy had como within closo
raugo, whon a tremendous volley front
the front rank, followed immediately
by another from the rear rank, invariably destroyed the head of the column
aud spread consternation into the sway
ing mass behind. The widely extended
British Uue of fire outllauked the mir-
row front of the column, aud carried
death and demoralization along thc
flanks also. At the next moment thc
whole red line advanced at the double,
and with loud cheers and vigorous
bayonet-thrusts completed the destruction of the column. Such, in a fow
words, was thc oft-repeated result of
the fights in the Peninsula and during
the Hundred Bays, when fhe Thin Red
Line met tho column iu action.
Here is a description by Marshal Bu
geaud, who hnd felt the tremendous
mornl force of the silent line which
awaited calmly the approach of over
whelming numbers without flinching,
nnd at the word of command dealt out
a tornado of shot, followed hy the flash
of the terror striking buyouet: "The
British generally occupied well-chosen
defensive positions, having a certain
command, and they showed only a portion of their force. The usual artillery
action first took place; soon, ia grent
haste, without tnkiug time to examine
if there were means to make a flank
attack, we marched straight on, taking
the bull by the horns. About one
thousand yards from the British line
the men became excited, spoke to oue
another, and hurried their march; the
column begau to be a little confused.
"The British remained quite silent,
with ordered arms, and from their
steadiness appeared to be a long red
wall. This steadiness invariably produced an affect ou the young soldiers.
"Very soon we got nearer, shouting,
'Vive 1'Emperenr! Kn uvant! a la baio-
nottc!' Shakos were raised on the
muzzles of the muskets; thc column began to double; tbe ranks got into confusion; the ngitation produced a tumult; shots were fired ns we advanced.
"The British line remained still, silent, and immovable, with ordered arms,
even when we wero only three hundred
paces distant, and it appeared to ignore tbe storm about to break.
"The contrast was striking. In our
inmost thoughts each felt that the enemy was a long time iu firing, aud that
this fire, reserved for su long, would be
very unpleasant when it did come. Our
ardor cooled. The moral power of
steadiuess, which nothing shakes, . .
over disorder, wliich stupefies itself
with noise, overcame our minds. At
this moment of intense excitement the
British wall shouldered arms. An indescribable feeling rooted many of our
men to the spot; thoy begun to fire.
The enemy's steady, concentrated volleys swept our ranks. Decimated, we
turned round, seeking to regain uur
ranks, recover our equilibrium; then
three deafening cheers broke tho silence of our opponents; at the third
they were on us, pushing our disnrguniz
ed flight. But to our great surprise,
they did not push their advantage beyond a hundred yards, retiring calmly
to their line to await another attack."
The groundwork nf Wellington's tae
tics was based upon his confidence that
the British troops in line could always
he relied on to defeat the column both
.in offensive and defensive operations.
At Vimeiro and Talavera, where his
men stood on their defence, the test
was first applied; nnd at Salamanca he
firoved by his magnificent advance in
ini, thnt the new formation was equally effective for the attack.
At Vimeiro the enemy came on in
two powerful' columns, supported nnd
flanked by weaker bodies; the right,
which consisted of about six thousand
men. moving upon tho Lourinho rond:
the left, of nbout. five thousand, directing its etl'orts against the tableland.
The first onset of both wus, as the first
onset of French troops nlwnys is, extremely impetuous; insomuch that on
the left of the tableland the skirmishers were fairly driven in, und tho head
of the advancing column presented itself, almost without a check, in front
of the Fiftieth Regiment. Tlio Fiftieth,
which was drawn up in line, permitted
the eiiejny to approach till scarcely
twenty yards divided them, and then,
pouring in u well-directed volley, made
ready to charge. The enemy stood for
a momont as if dotetfmlnod to await
the shock; but the bayonets of tho
British corps were hardly crossed when
they began to waver, and beforo the
rush was made they broke and fled.
At Talavera. on 28th July 1809, the
French, under King Joseph and Marshal Victor, uttacked Wellington, who
commanded an inferior force. The
principal fight took place on a hill ou
the left of the British position. It is
well described in the hitherto unpublished journal of a sergeant of the
Gordon Highlanders, a company of
whom formed part of the regiment of
detachments engaged in the fight. He
says: "As daylight appeared ouch army
gazed on the other. The French fired
one gun from the centre ns a signal
for their line to commence action. Their
guns began to pour grape-shot and shell
into our lines, and three columns came
bearing for tho hill. We were Ordered
to lie close to the ground; but when the
enemy was about fifty yards from us
we started to our feet and poured in a
volley, then charged with the bayonet,
and ran down into the valley, cheering
and firing upon them, for they proved
better runners thau we."
General .lomini, wbo served as chief
of the staff of Marshal Ney, records
thut in conversation Wellington told
him that ho was convinced that the
manner of the attack of the Froneh
upon him in column more or less deep
was very hazardous for them against a
solid, woll-urmod infantry having confidence in its fire and well supported by
artillery nnd cavalry, .lomini then asked the Duke if ho had uot formed the
foreign troops under hiB command in
columns nt Waterloo, He said, "Ves,
because I could not depend upon them
so well us upon the British."
Tho terrible fight at Albuorn (l'Hll),
the bloodiest buttle of the Peninsula
war, supplies us with an evou more
startling example of tbo overpowering
strength of a steady, deployed Hue
when opposed to a solid column of
great size. After the defeat of the
Spanish troops aud the charge of the
French cavalry on tho flank of the
Fifty-second (under Sir John Colborne),
two French divisions were formed in
close columns of doublo companies, with
a front of only two companies. They
ascended the hill in this formation, aud
wore on the point of reaching the crest,
covered by clouds of skirmishers, when
tho long British line, composed of three
battalions, deployed, suddenly opened
fire, uud threw these great masses into
disorder. Tbo ranks got broken and
mixed, und they became a mob, which
all attempts failed to restore to discipline. The British in line, with bayonets fixed, uttacked the columns on the
hill and dispersed them. Thc French
commander, Marshul Soult, afterwards
said of the conduct of tho British infantry on this occasion: "There is no
beating these troops. For I turned their
right and pierced their centre; the day
was mine, yet they did not know it,
and would nnt run."
At Waterloo the same formations
were adopted by thc Froneh and British commanders respectively, with exactly the same results. Abdut oue
o'clock Marshal Ney led four great
masses in columns of doublo companies
against the British left. The advance
wbb covered by clouds of skirmishers
and supported by the divisional artillery, which followed close iu the rear.
The British awaited the attack in deployed line, screened by a beech and
holly hedge, then opened tire suddenly
on the front and flanks of the columns.
Tho Forty-second and Ninety-second
Highlanders charged in line, aud the
French masses, shaken by thc heavy fire
and unable to open out their front,
wavered, became broken, aud fell un
easy prey to the charge of the Household Cavalry Brigade, and the Greys,
Royals, and'Inniskilliugs uf the Union
Brigade. Three thousand prisoners, two
colors, nnd fifteen guns were the fruits
of this famous charge, which Sir Evelyn
Wood hus described as '' one of the
most brilliant charges ever achieved by
But by far the grandest exposition of
tbe Thin Red Lino at Waterloo occurred
later in the day, when Bonaparte, having destroyed his magnificent squurdons
by futile charges upon the solid infantry squares of the Allies, determined to
stake his fortune on the lust cast, and
ordered his veteran Guard to attack the
British right wing, and to seize, if possible, the crest of the position, between
the outworks formed by tbe farms of
La Have Suiate and Hougomont.
Advancing as usual in close column,
the eight battalions drawn from the Old
and Middle Guard, saluted their beloved "Petit Cuporal" for the lust time.
As they did so they tpok leave of history. Covered by dense clouds of skirmishers, they marched in double-company formation towards the ridge,
where only the death dealing guns and
a few mounted officers were visible.
"When the tall caps of the Grena
diers of the Guards, with their largo
plaques bearing the Kagle, appeared,
symmetrical iu line, tranquil in the
midst of that combat, the enemy felt
a respect for France; they beheld twenty victories entering the field of battle.
'The red regiment of the British
Guards lying flat behind the hedge
sprang up, a cloud of shot riddled the
tricolor flag and whistled round the
eagles, all hurled themselves forward,
and the final carnage began. In the
falling darkness the Imperial Guard
felt the army losing ground around it.
Ney, bewildered, great, with the grandeur of accepted death, offered himself
to nil blows in thut tempest. He hud his
fifth horse killed under hiin there. Perspiring, bis eyes ntiumc, foaming at the
mouth, with uniform unbuttoned, one
uf his epaulets half cut off by the
sword-stroke from a Horse Guardsman,
his plaque with the great Kagle of the
Empire dented by a bullet, bleeding, be
mired, magnificent, a broken sword in
his baud, he cried, 'Come aud see how
a Marshal of France dies on a field of
battle!'   Hut in vain."
The French in their advance at first
saw only the empty ridge before them,
only the cocked hats of the few mounted officers—one of them Wellington
himself—being dimly distinguishable.
Suddenly the Iron Duke called up his
Guards; and in a moment the sluoke-
wreaths resolved into u Thin Red Line
of British Guardsman, with bayonets
fixed, silently waiting the futefnl'com-
mand. Both sides gazed for au instant
into the eyes of tlieir enemy. To the
British, the tall Frenchmen with thoir
high bearskins seemed like "u corps of
quickly .top. coudba. carta colds, heal,
'he throat and lunds .      23 C(,otl
fiants" rising out of the smoke. To the
'renchmeii, this unexpected array of
bristling steel appoared to leup out of
the earth by some miraculous power;
and hesitation, mixed with the sense
of impending calamity, spread through
thc ranks. An instant later a blaze of
flame blinded the combatants, nud the
head of the French column had disappeared, blasted irremediably by that
storm of hail.
Have you seen tiie tall trees swaying
When the blast is sounding .shrill,
And the whirlwind reels in fury
Down the gorges of the hill;
How they toss their mighty brunehos
Struggling with the tempest shock,
How they keep their place of vantage
Cleaving firmly to tbe rock?—Aytoun.
Even so the proud veterans of the
Bridge of Lodi and Areola, of the Pyramids uud Mount Tabor, of the Passes
of St. Bernard, of Marengo and Hohen-
linden, Ulm und Austerlitz, Jena and
Auerstudt, of Eylnu and Friedland, As-
pern and Wugrum, of Borodino and
Beresinn, Lutzen nnd Bautzen, of Dresden and Leipzig, struggled manfully,
with set faces nud eyes flaming, to
maintain their foothold on that fateful
ridge, lt was not to be. In this final
struggle for the Empire of the World,
tho British Guards, by dint of their
stondy discipline, with one titanic effort
were to overthrow those victors of n
hundred fights, and end for ever the
legend of the Man of Destiny. The Old
Guard, unable to deploy, refused to retire, and were slain where they stood.
When Lord Wellington ordered the
charge, the wave of British valor burst
liko an inundation from its pent up
lines, and swept over the crest. The
veteran column broke, und the whole
shaken fabric dissolved into tossing
wreckuge borne by the tide to tho
plain beneath.
Some minutes later a similar fate
awnitod tho second column of Napo
Icon's Guards, which advanced in eche
Ion behind the first column against the
position held by tho British Guards,
and dared to expose its flank to the
liro of the Fifty-socond, then one thou
sand strong, and fresh upon the scene.
This gallant regiment, supported by the
Seventy-first Highlanders and ' the
Ninety-fifth Rifles (which with the
Fifty-second formed Adam's Brigade),
with the long line of bayonets fell
fiercely upou the bewildered Frenchmen, and, four to one though the
Frenchmen wero, with loud cheers
drove them headlong across1 the British
front in a confused uud broken mass.
Packs, belts, and weapons were thrown
down, and all semblance of discipline
While success does not always follow
the big battalion, it always comes to
the disciplined force which aims calmly
and straight; and Wellington the great
mathematician had discovered thut a
fern* with u firingdl.tu of seventy i: os-
nets, even though supported by forty
files iu column, is no match for u firing
'ine ef seven hundred men supported
only by a single rear rank. A deeper
secret, however, lay tn raogni/.ing and
usiug the self-confidence and discipline
of his men. "Wellington wus tenacious,
but the least of his foot-soldiers und
of his cavalry were as tenacious as he.
The iron soldier is worth as much ns
the Iron Duke. As for us, all our glorification goes to the British soldiors, to
the British army, to the British people." Such is the verdict of the greatest French writer of the nineteenth century, Victor Hugo. Napoleon himself,
after Wnterloo, wrote that bis defeat
was solely owing to the invincible
courage of the British infantry.
. The Crimean war again opened the
eyes of European strategists, who might
havo forgotten the lessons of Wnterloo,
to the superiority of thc lino-formation
for attack as well as for defence; and
at Alma (where rifles were first employed in Kuropeau warfare), Balaklava, and Inkcrmunn the test was agaiu
applied. All Kurope was surprised to
Had that a two-deep line of Highlanders
dared to withstand a charge of cavalry
ut Balaklava, and with the Guards ventured, ut the attack on the hill-batteries across the Alma, to assault a
strongly fortified series of redoubts supported by massive columns of infantry.
'' We were all astonished,'' says a
Russian writer in describing the advance ut the Alma, "at the extraordinary firmness with which the rei jackets,
having crossed the river, opened a
heavy tire in Hue upon the redoubt. This
was the most extraordinary thing to us,
^is we had never seeu troops light in
lines two-deep; nor did we think it possible for men to be found with suflicient firmness of morale to be able to
attack, in this apparently weak formation, our massive columns."
Von Moltke, when reviewing the campaign in Russiu, remarked that at Alma the Russians, occupying a purely defensive position, hud formed all their
battalions iuto deep columns of attack.
The British adopted that line formation iu which they had fought in the
Peninsula, nnd in which they hud withstood the shock of Ney's veteran columns at Waterloo. In this formation
they had to cross a river* with steep
hauks and to ascend a rocky slope in
(dose proximity to a burning village
and among enclosed vineyards. Opposed to the British stood at least two-
thirds of the Russian force. The Russians felt confident of breaking this
line at uny point with their massive
columns; but the sumo results were
obtained everywhere. Tho Russian
army, formed into column, composed of
several battalions one behind the other,
advanced with a resolute and imposing
bearing; and the thin, weak-looking
line of the British held its ground, nnd
directed its fire on this dense mass at
a range at which bullets could not. fail
to take effect. Still, for n short time,
the column stood firm; soon, however,
it lost its wall-like appearance, and, becoming more of the form of an irregular cloud, at length gave way. The
British, advancing iu line and keeping
up their fire, twice broke into the principal Russian entrenchment, which was
defended liy sixteen guns.
At Inkermann, while the heavy mist
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enabled the massive columns of the
enemy to surprise tho British in their
cantonments totally unprepared, the
steady fl;* of the line formation again
proved superior to overwhelming num
It is instructive to note that through
out tho long period of the Peninsular
campaign the British relied upon the
bayonet us their surest ally when the
fortunes of the day appeared hopeless;
and ono need only recall tho desperate
plight of our troops at Albuera to convince one's self that in war it is the
sterling quality of the men, armed with
this weapon, and not the number engaged, wliich is the decisive factor.
It is also gratifying to remember that
the formation which Wellington introduced, uud to which the British soldier is by his steadfast nature peculiarly well suited, must in the future become tbe system of tactics best adapted
to the requirements of our age, and thut
in the coming Continental wars the
principle of the Thin Red Line must
necessarily bo adopted; so thnt the
British troops will enter the field better
equipped by their nature and training
to fuce (us did the stalwart Japanese in
the last campaign) the terrible strain
to which all troops must bo subjected
ou thc battlefield where quick-firing-
guns und magazine rifles are iu universal use.
In the recent Boer war there were
cases innumerable wliere the deployed
line, sweeping round the flanks of the
Boer position, strongly placed, ub it
might be, on au impregnable kopje,
compelled victory to descend on the
side of our troops (see Scobell's Los-
sons of the War); uud iu many cases
it was the use of the bayonet which
extricated our men from what appeared
to be hopeless defeat. As Colonel ('aid-
well remarks: "The great success
which attended bayonet-charges during the South African war and iu
Manchuria has drawn very general attention to the use of cold steel by Infantry. . . . When our men got to
close quarters . . . the bayonet
proved perfect.,, invaluable to our
side" (Tactics of To-day, second edition, pp. 87, S.S). The fight at Thaba
Mountain (May 1. 1900) must occur to
all who have made themselves familiar
with tho details of the campaign. A
party of Gordons, commanded by Captain Towse, V.C., were completely surrounded; uud, acting ou the principle
which distinguished this regiment
throughout the years of the war,
they refused to surrender. Ammunition- was running short, and certain defeat faced the men, when their brave
commander gave the order tn form line,
fix bayonets, and charge the enemy.
The result is well known. Their lender,
suffering from a painful wound whieh
permnnently destroyed the sight of
both eyes, wus gallantly supported, und
the little party—the latest exponents of
the Thin Red Line—fought their way,
by tbe free use of the bayonet, back to
the main body, though with their number sadly diminished. While the maxim
of the great Russian Genernl Suwarrow
is still true, "The bullet is a fool; only
the bayonet is wise," much of its point
is lost iu encounters where an adversary knows how to get full value out of
the capabilities of improved firearms.
The main lesson learned by us in
South Africa has been to rely less upon
the forms and more upon the innate
common-sense of our intelligent sol
diers; and in this respect tbe enormous
improvement in the education of the
recruits now drawn to our regular army
and also to the ranks of the Tcxritoriul
Force must havo a decisive influence in
our future campaigns. The benefit of
education was clearly proved in the
campaigns of Istifi and 1870, when the
Prussian troops always felt the consciousness uf possessing superior knowledge over their adversaries, "When,"
said the Prussian ofllcers, "our men
came iu contact with the Austrian prisoners, und on speaking to them fouud
that they hardly knew their right band
from their left, there wns not one who
did not look upon himself as a god in
omparison with sucb ignorant beings,
and this conviction increased our force
tenfold."    (Stoffel).
Devotion to duty, high couruge, and
intelligence arc to-day the distinguishing qualities of the British soldier.
After detailing how our men, in tbe
later stages of the campaign, gave up
the east-iron rules hitherto in use. and
applied their common-sense to the tactics employed against the Boers, the
German Official Account of the War iu
South Africa proceeds: "Justice do-
munds the acknowledgement of tbe fact
that, the British soldier, if only he is
well and skilfully led, does not fail in
the devoted and thorough performance
of his duty, and that he understands
how to make a forward movement. .
. . Fortunate is that army whose
ranks, released from the burdens of
dead forms, are controlled by natural,
untrammelled, quickening common-
To-day, the armies of Kurope Imve
adopted to u greater or less extent the
tactics of Wellington, and the present
system of attack in extended line formation, with its frequent supply of reinforcements feeding the firing-line, is
simply the evolution of the Thin Red
Line adnpted to meet the altered conditions produced by the rapid fire of
modern  breech-loaders and maxims.
One of the sanest hobbies of the present day—and this is an ago of crazes—
the collection of chlnaMn one or more
of its vnrious forms, from the hoarding of rare specimens of Dresden,
Wedgwood, and Royal Worcester to
heraldic miniature china. Thc spirit
is laudable, since, unlike some collecting manias, it provides a means of
beautifying a room. The latest development in this direction is one of the
most enterprising, and one whieh will
make a world wide appeal. This is the
manufacture of specimens of pottery
of all descriptions und in a wide variety
of forms, from plates to mugs, vases to
bowls, embellished with characters of
Dickens, especially when it is carried
out in such famous ware as that issuing from the oven*' of the Doulton
establishment. 'Dickens " Doulton-
izeil" ' has become a colloquialism, und
it is a development which will be keenly appreciated by nil lovers of the
novelist, who taught us to laugh. The
pottery will be prized, apart from its
technical excellence, for the faithful
portrayal uf the various characters us
they have been presented tu ns through
the creations of 'Phiz.' Mr. Pickwick
is depicted just as In* has been immortalized by the Dickensian artist, 'or
no one could conceive ;, different char-
netcrization. The [lottery artist. Mr.
Charles .1. Nuke, bits achieved his ditlicult task with conspicuuus success, and
he has kept uppermost the popular conceptions of the persons moving through
the novels. The execution of the work
is in the fumous Doulton manner, aud
the coloring is delicate and beautiful.
In transferring the dramatis personuae
to pottery the artist has been careful
to preserve the atmosphere of the surroundings. Americans, who are umoug
the koenest admirers of Dickens, have
extended an enthusiastic welcome to
this movement in pottery, and are developing uu acute rivalry in tbe acquisition of specimens of the waro embellished with characters from their favorite author. In Britain, too, the collection of such promises to develop into
just as keen a hobby, which is additionally interesting owing to the vuriety
of the articles. Von can secure rail-
plates for the decoration of the dining-
room walls, bowls for the embellishment of the table-cent re, quaint tankards and jugs for the side-board, or
vases for the mantelshelf; while the
fact thut Ihey are the creations of tbe
Doulton works is sufficient guarantee
of their perfection.
Considerable interest has been created by the announcement thut a German
scientist, Dr. V. Roscnletz, bus succeeded in perfecting u method for solidifying volatile liquids such as petrol, ether,
and so forth. The extremely evaporative character of petrol has rendered
its use somewhat dangerous, and inasmuch as the perfection of the internal*
combustion engine, more particularly
typified by the petrol-motor, hus resulted in the widespread utilisation of
this fuel, efforts have been made to
render its handling less dangerous. But
solidified petrol is by no means now.
About five years ago, iu a laboratory,
the writer saw small blocks of petrol
which emitted gus us they were "thawed." Half a century has been devoted
to experiments in this direction, but
their commercial value is somewhat ditlicult to comprehend. For instance,
the chemist of one of our leading refineries expressed bis readiness to prepare the product if requested, nnd the
process is quite devoid of mystery. All
that is required is a little soap prepared
in a certain manner, aud this will solidify petrol or nuy other volatile liquid.
If steuris acid, which can be obtained
easily, is boiled with hydrochloric acid
for some hours, it becomes nou-erystnl-
line, amorphous, or colloidal. On its
then being dissolved in petrol or petroleum, a permanent jelly is formed when
it cools. Iu some parts of the world
petroleum can be drawn from the bore-
holo in u form like red-currant jelly,
and this under natural conditions. Tbe
German invention is by no means new,
though the method adopted for solidifying the fuel may be so. Moreover,
solid petrol is just as dangerous to
handle as the liquid form, for Dr. Roe
euletz depeuds upon the gasification of
the substance under currents of air;
und the danger of combustion is quite
as great. The fact is, tbat petrol, like
gunpowder or coal-gas, is not dangerous
if handled properly. No sane person
would think of looking for a gas leak
with a lighted match, or sample gunpowder while smoking. Then why attempt to take such liberties with* petrol. The danger in bundling this liquid
is caused purely by carelessness or
crass ignorance.
A new material which, from its character, should be certain of a great future is that to which the generic name
of "Jueyte" has been given. In ap-
jtearunce it resembles celluloid, but differs therefrom in that it is non-inflammable. The distinctive feature of this
substance, apart from its transparency
when desired, is thnt it is waterproof
and washable. For advertising purposes it appears, useful, inasmuch as it
carries colors brilliantly and permanent
ly, and can be put to any use that may
be imagined. It can be made to any
size, shape, nnd thickness with equal
facility, from a thia strip more like a
shaving to a thick pane resembling
glass, and either opaque or transparent.
It is eminently adnpted, owing to its
sheen, for Christmas cards, box-tops,
and even book-bindings, where beaut i-
fui efiects are desired. It is offered as
a substitute for glass, ami, its general
characteristics being bom in mind,
should be useful for glazing. It is possible that it may be applied to photographic purposes, especially in connection with kinematography. The films
of the latter, for the most part, being
made of celluloid, ure highly combustible. Recently, however, the non-inflammable film, so called, has beeu used
in this connection; but its claims to
notycombuetibility are in fact more
imaginary than real, for the substance,
as a rule, when subjected to hoot melts
or boils away, and iu so doing emits
copious clouds of smoke, which, from
the point of view of frightening the
public, is almost as bad ns bursting into
explosive flume.
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THE qualifying examinations fur Third
diss Clerks, Junior Clerks, und
Stenographers will be held nr ihe following places, commencing on Monday the
3rd July next:—Armstrong, Chilliwack,
Cumberland, Golden, Grand K.-rks Kani-
lo ps, KubIo, Kilowim, Ladysmith, Nan-
aimo. Nelson, N«w Westminster, North
Vancouver, Peachland, Revelstoke,Ri island, Saunon Arm, Summerland, Vhi»-
couver, Vernon, and Victoria,
Candidates must be British eubjqota be
tween the ages of 21 and 30, if for Third
lass Clerks; and between 10 and 21, if
for Junior Clerks or stenographers.
Applications will not be accepted if received later than 15th June next.
Further information, together with application forms, may be obtained frum
the undersigned.
Registrar, Public .Service
Victoria, B. C, 27th, 1911, ap27
NOTICE is her by given that the
next meeting of the B>ard of License
Cominissiomtrs of the City of Cumberland, I intend to apply for a renewal of
the hotel license held by me for the New
England Hotel, situated on the east half
of lot 3, in block 3, Cumberland Town-
Dated this 16th day of May, 1011.
Dont .Marry ",&"&£,
do, by sure to order your wedding invitations at Thk Islander Oltioo. Samples
at thiB otlice.
S*     -t
*    te
a'   3.    *
I i I
3     ff.
CIS _.
Old Newspapers for sale at The
Might Cash Stobe
Etc., etc.
A nice line of Iron Bedsteads
$4. » $40.
just  arrived
T. L Bill
The  BEST  Machine   on  the   Market
and sold on EASY TEEMS   	
JEPSON BSOS., Distriot Agents, Nanaimo, B. C
0, Segrave, Lorni Representative, Cumberland, fl. C.
Capital $6,200,000
Reserve *7,000,000
Drafts Issued In any currency, payable all over the world
highest current rates allowed on deposits of $1 nnd upwards
Joint Accounts mnv bo opened in theiiaraua of two or morn pcrsmis, to be operated by anyone of
thom. and In the event uf iloiitli w lie paid to tlio jnirvIvor, without nny formality,
CUMBERLAND, B.C., Bran.h-   -   —     OPEN DAILY
H. F. Montgomery, Manager
When You Want a HIGH GRADE
We carry the Largest and Best Selected Stock on the Island.
The Music House NANAIMO, B. C
'   T. E. BATE, LOCAL AGENT, Cumberland
$85 CASH   $100 EASY TERMS   $25 DOWN., WHY PAY
WE w eibliid HOTEL
Aro made hy the samo tailors who make the ones nt 835
.10, and !?:).">. Vou will get aa gnod tailoring as in the
higher-priced ones. Also bear in mind we are the firm
wlio guarantee a perfect fit or refund your money.
Made to Measure at §20.
S la Agents thu House of Hubberlin Limited
"TftiloN to tht; Canudian Gentleman."


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