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BC Historical Newspapers

The Islander Nov 19, 1910

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Flanet. Silk and Net
From  75c to $8.50
■       1     r..   fl,.      PitApfog  r,f
'Dress Qy>J, and Blouses
—mmwmwmwmmmmilmmmmmmiii*pm^pmm—wmmwmmmmmm ■—>*■—*■   11 —
No 25
Subscription price 11.50 per year.
Development   League
Asked to Furnish
There wan a «nnill attendant!* nl the
lievelnpinoui League meeting uu Mon-
(lay evening taut, anil hut lillle but
iiit'im wnn Imnsaoted.
A letter wns received from E. Mc
Gaffury, seeretnry of tlie Victoria organisation, seeking information aa t<
whether there wiih any Are cla) ii
thin vicinity, and if there waa a gooi
•upply of eoal and mind in the n.'igh
borhnod. The information waaaoughi
by parties who had in view the estab-
lishment of a pottery industry at noun
point on the Inland, if an abundance
of the necessary niateriul could be loe
Heveral members present testified
thnt there wan an immense deposit of
fire clay in the vicinity of No. 4 mine,
in cloae proximity to a good supply of
both coal and sand.
The seeretnry was requested to secure samples nf the Are clay and forward a sample of the same aa asked
The action of the Comox Branch of
the League in petitioning for an auto
mail stage, connecting with the E, Ji
N. train service at Parksville was indorsed.
A communication was read from
President Coburne of the central organisation regretting that a petition
had been forwarded tiy the local branch
to Hon. W. Templeman and Hon. Sir
Wilfred Laurier re improved Customs
and Postal facilities for Cumberland
without first submitting same to the
central executive and receiving the en
donation of other branches of the lea
gue.    It was received and filed.
It was resolved that in future notici
of meetings be given by the secretary
to insure a better attendance.
The Vaudeville Co which waa tn
have appeared at the Cumberland Hall
this week has been delayed for two
weeks owing tn the fact that they
have been engnged for an additional
period at the theatre where they are
now apjiearing. The company will
open at the Cumlierlaiid Hull, however,
on the 29th inst.
Born, in this city on the 10th inst.
to the wife of U. Dixon, Deiiiumn Island,—a son.
Wanted, some one to ailnpt   a   five
and a half month old, girl   child, who
could supply il wilh   a   good   home.
Child is of good dispi sion.
Apply to
X. Y. Z. this oftiei
Miss Edidle M. Orny Onahier of tin
theatre at lhe City Hull left fur hi i
home in Portland, Oregon, to spend
Thunksgiviiig with her parents. She
will return in a few weeks.
The Ladies' Ouild desire to return their
veiy cordial thanks to those who contributed and assisted at the late Bazaar. Forart-
ioleslent for the supper and notyet returned
please apply at the Vicarage.
In effect Oct. 3rd.
Tuesday morning
Wednesday afternoon
Friday afternoon
Saturday night overland
Tuesday—6.10 a, ni.
Thursday—6.15 a. ni.
Saturday—6.15 a. in.
Sunday overland 10.80 a. in.
Looal Footballers Will
Play Provincial
A   meeting   of  the    Cumberland
lAiotluill   Association    wns   held lasl
■Sunday evening when ofllcers foi the
nisiiing season were elected as follows;
President, J. Dennie.
Secretary l'\ J. Dnlby
Treasurer J. Brown
Committee; Messrs J. Hurbury,   D
Stewart,   W.   Keenan, J,   Dixon, J
It was decided to play off the cu]
tie "between tho Mixtures and No. 5
mine to-morrow morning at the old
grounds at 10 a. in.
The challenge of the Ladystnith
boys for ln>me und home matches wil]
■e accepted, aud an endeavor will alsi
I* made to arrange a match with th
Nanaimo team on their own grounds
in the way to Ladysmith.
It is the geneial impression here
that the locals can gather together a
leain that is just a little bit better
than anything that can be brought
gainst them in this proviuce, and
when it is considered that the Ladysmith team is reputed the best in the
Dominion, this is saying a great deal.
Funds Devoted to the
The first concert of the season undei
the auspices of the Comox Branch, No.
28, B. C. Anti-Tuberculosis Society wst
held in the Agricultural Hall, Courtensj.
Tuesday, the 16th inst.
A crowded house greeted and applauded the first appearance of what proved ti
be the best amateur theatrical produciioi
uver submitted to a Courtenay audience
The first part uf program me consisted
f songs, violin solos, choruses and ven
triluquist numbers, all of which were exceedingly well rendered aud generousl]
A musical comedietta, entitled "Creatures of Impulse," in one act, occupied
the second half of the programme. Thos,
who took part in the play, more especi.
ally Mrs. Mitchell as the "Witch," under the guise uf a star-boarder; Mn.
Iloraoe Smith as "Pipette"; Mr. liilliei
ss "Bluomerhardtj" M.jor Snow   as   ►
A Sergeant of Hussars;" Master Hart;
Smith as "Peter," acquitted theinseive.
must creditably and were the reeipieuii
of rounds uf applause. Mias Carwitlmi
as "Mistress Martha," bore a ditHeul
tiart to a happy termination far surpass-
ing both in appearance and the rendition
of her part any "leading lady" previuus
ly seen here.
The chorus girls in their pretty dressei
snd charmingly bewildering costumes,
were the objects uf all eyes, the envy ul
many, and the admiration uf all the
young men.
A muat enjoyable dance in which uvei
fifty couples paiticipated, to the excel!
ent strains of Roy's orchestra, washeartly
appreciated bythuse so inclined.
Special praise is due Mrs Horace Smith
under whose tuition the play was enacted,
lor the creditable manner ill which each
and all of the prefurniera acquited themselves; and the society is to be congratulated upon the successful outcome of a
omewhat hazardous undertaking at thb
time of the year.
The receipts fur the evening totalled
(110.00, a very neat little sum to be devoted tn a must wurthy cause, the alleviation of sufiering aud the prevention of
Citizen's League Meeting Marked by Brisk
A regular meet'ng of the Citisens'
League wua held ut tiie Council Chambers mi Wednesday evening.
The minutes of tho last regular nnd
special meetiugs were adopted as
The various committees appointed
it the last regular meeting reported
The President addressed the meeting stating that he had heard consider,
thle criticism of the manner in which
the lust special meeting of the League
had been conducted, and the charge
luul been made that it was a bole in
the corner meeting, and the personal
nf the Citizens League ticket a cut and
dried business. He assured the meeting i hnt he would not be a party to
• uch an arrangement, and tbat the
meeting had been conducted in a clean
und honorable manner.
Considerable discussion followed
during whioh several speakers regretted that men who were not members of
the League had been allowed to take
part in the meeting, and expressed the
opinion that the whole proceedings
were out of order.
Mr Shaw expressed hie view in the
following letter which be read to the
As I am desirous of registering my
own views upon the very hasty and irregular sction taken at the but meeting el
this League, I beg to read what I hav,
tu say, that there may be no misunderstanding or equivocation afterwards, either by myself ur anyone else.        "
In the first place it seems to me to
liave been most unwise and very impuh
tic to exert this unseemly haste in rush'
iug through the nomination uf candidates
ior Mayur and Aldermen, as this is one
ul the most important questions th.i
ill'ects the city, also under the condition'
which that meeting was called it was Impossible for all the members of thia Lea-
ue to know that there was a meeting
to be held; some of ua are away at work
dl day, and unless we happen to go
d.-wn town in the evening have nu
hance of knowing. Now air, 1 submit
he opinion that no meeting outside tbe
regularly stated ones should be held
without steps being taken to assure that
every member is informed and given the
chance to attend, but when it is of an
extra important character as the one in
luestion it is imperative that it should
not be given the slightest appearance
uf being one sided.
lt still holds true that Caesar's wife
should be above suspicion.
Theu aa tu the mnde of procedure; a
committee wu appointed to draw up s
platform and report it for adoption or revision, and that platform Was to be accepted by all candidates before the)
would be adopted by this League. Yet 1
nn informed auch was the haste and ir
regularity displayed that some wereuom
listed and adopttd, who were absent and
luusequently nut pledged, thus defeating
(lie very object uf providing a platform.
Again, persons not members of this
League touk part in the numinating, thut
breaking our own by-laws. Consequently, as a member, and aa there were only
i lew members present, they could uol
possibly be representative enough to ac;
lor some two thousand citizens, 1 feel 1
am justified in registering my objections
and I do not feel bound in anyway bj
the action taken.
Mr. Willard stated that he did not
feel in any way bound to support the
nominees of the League.
Mr Shaw stated that it was currently reported that Mr. Thomson had
been promised the City Clerkship and
Constableahip if Mr. Bate were successful. He put the question up to the
Mr, Bate denied being a party to
any such arrangement; during the election last yenr he had been subject to all
sorts of mean narrow criticism, ami
falsehoods, and regretted that the same
tactics were boing  pursued this year,
Denman  Island  Man
Has Numerous
Fred. C. Scott uf Denman Island
was a business visitor in the city this
Mr Scott is an inventor, and has on
exhibition a new rifle sight that be
has just invented and whieh he ie a-
Ixiut to place upon the market.
He ia selling shares in hia company
width is to place the new sight, and
fifteen other inventions of his, on
Mr Scott estimates that these patents are worth in the agregate from
one to ten million dollars.
' The company is capitalized at $6'
000, so that if Mr Scutts estimate is
correct, those who get in on thn
ground floor are likely to be shortly
living on Easy street.
He has been very successful in dis
(losing of his shares both here and in
the district.
The rifle light looks all right, and
Mr Scott, who haa been using one for
some time says these are a big improvement on anything of their kiud
yet placed upon the market.
Mr- Scott is himself retaining a
one-sixth interest in hia company.
Dr. D. E. Kerr dentist is in town ant.
may be found at the Cumberland Hutel
during most uf next week,
Mr. A.   Shaw,  diatrict agent for thi
International Correspondence School wil
ie in Cumberland this week.
The sewerage bylaw, it ia stated, will
ie re-submitted to the citizens at hi
mme time that the election for Mityoi
aud aldermen take place.
We have just received the sad newa
of the death uf Mr. Fred Dirkes, who
lied yeaterday afternoon from pneumonia,
i'he deceased leaves a wife and six children.
Mrs. Simms can receive mo e pici.il-
lor piano lessons daily (except Tuesday)
at any time hy arrangement, Music pu
pil prepared for the Royal academy ot
music.   Address, Camp, Cumberland.
At about 2 a. m. on Saturday last,
the engine and compressor houses at
No. 7   mine were destroyed   by fire.
The men succeeded however in sav-
ng the Fit   head from  destruction.
The Ore orgiuated iu the compress-,
or room, and waa discovered by work-'
men employed in reparing a break ou
the hoisting engine.
The idea was absurd. If elected he
uould bnve no voice in the eelection of
the City Clerk or uny other official except in the case of a tie vote among
the Alderman,
Mr tiiddal charged Mr Bate witli,
having turned his coat on the sewer-
ige question.
Thia Mr. Bate denied. He thought,
it was premature for the city to spend
a large sum on flush closet system until the company's plans with regard to
the town had Iwen announced. If tin-
itizens wanted suoh a system lm
would do his lost to carry out their
wishes, and wuuld submit a by-law fren
from many defects of a business nature
which were present in the one submitted by last years council.
It waa decided to circulate a petition immediately asking the council to
abolish the Ward System.
It waa resolved that the Police Commissioners be asked to instruct the
City Police to circulate the petition
for signatures, it being necessary that
10 per cent of the ratepayers should
petit on for the chnnge beforo the
council can take action,
Messrs Thomson und Bute wero appointed a committee to draft tip the
necessary petition.
The meeting then adjourned
Enterprise   of   Macn-
bees Deserves G reat
The presentation of "Twelfth Night"
by the Walker-Lyceum Company lasl
Saturday was a deeitled surceas, aim
Cumhrrlnnd people should feel grate
fui lo the latiies of the Maccabees foi
giving them an opportunity of witnessing such a high class preformation
The cast was good throughout, tin
favorites leing Miss Eddy ns "Viola"
and Mr Yule an Sir Toby Belch, who
portrayed the merry old mischief maker
to perfection.
Miss Cleo Crook who took the role of
Olivia acquitted herself admirably. Thi>
was Miss Crook's first appearance ii
"Twelfth, Night" the audience beint
completely carried away with her acting.
The costuming though not elaborate
was effective snd the company carrier
quite a Iut of scenery.
There was a little awkwardness ovei
the arrangement of the seats but tb'
Ladies are determined that this will not
happen again.
The next production, in a month's
time, will be eagerly looked for by all
those who attended last Saturday aim
judging from the excellence of their
first production here the Wnlker-Ly
ceum company will have no difficulty
in drawing a capacity bouse.
Something Extra Spo
cial at the City
The moving picture business in thit
ity seems to have taken the people h\
storm, aa both houses are doing a goot
business. Manager Curtis, of the til;
Hall, seams to wesr the "smiie tha
won't come off," as he had the pleasure ti
display tbe "standing room only" sigu,
.ivery night this week. He also announces that he has secured the first releaii
if the Reliance Stock Company, Corny
Island, N. Y., entitled "In the Grey ol
the Dswn." This stupendous production
nu superb photography, exquisite tuning
magnificent costumes, beautiful tintin;
tnd is a comprehensive plot presented
n a compelling manner; thia film alsi
contains the grand ensemble of all tht
stars uf tha nioUgraphic world, ii.oludin;
Marion Leonard, Frankie Burns, Gertrude Robinson, dames Kirkwood, Arthur Johnston, Henry Walthall, Philli;
Smalley and others. Film Fancies ol
November 2nd, saya: "It is the mos'
pretentious effort ever attewpted in motion photography, faithfully depicting
the pomp and splendor of Roman feuds
times; the magnificence of the palaces,
the gurgeousuesa uf ooatumes and spectacular effects interwoven into a heart-
. gripping story and presented by the al
star Reliance Stuck Company, consistim
of oue hundred aud fifty people.
Trinity Church Workers Realize Nice
The annual liuranr and sale of
work nf tlic ladies of the Holy Trinity
Church passed oft most successfully lust Tuesday afternoon.
The Hull presented a gay spectacle,
i ho various booths being most tastefully
irranged, aud as the charges for various articles were moderate the ladi •
had no difficulty in disposing of their
The supper proved a great attract-
on and seats - were in great demand
trom hulr past Ave  until after seven.
An impromptu concert was given
mil was much enjoyed, paticulnrly
die singing of Mrs Fox, whose soprano is woll known in musical circles in
The affair was concluded with an
motion sale of the left over*, Mr.
date weilding the hammer.
After all expenses were paid, the
<um of over two hundred dollars wai
iiauded in to the Vicarage Fund.
About one half of Denman Island hu
been located for coal on behalf of Mr.
G. J. Hammond of Vancouver.
Fxtensive bodies of coal are supposed
to underlie the island at depth.
An examination of the island wu
recently made by Mr. William Blake.
nore, M. E., aoting for Mr. Hammond
tnd a contract for diamond drilling
ins just been awarded to a Spokane firm.
Drilling operations will be under way within a few weeks Mr. Blakemore feels con-
ident that the seam will be (track at
workable depth.    -
Invitations will be issued shortly for
i social and dance under the auspices ot
loly Trinity Church to be held in the
Cumberland Hall on Tuesday evening the
<e 29th inst. The music for the dance
will be furnished by a three piece orchestra consisting of Messrs Morgan
toy aud PoWl.
There oocMted ou Friday November
18th, the death of Mr. Frederick Ditkes
of this city, age i *» W»n-
The funeral will take plaoe from the
family residence, Penrith Avenue, at 1
o'clock, on Sunday afternoon, under th.
auspices of Cumbe rland Grove; No. 3
United Ancient Or .'.«.<• «* Druids, for interment in Oumbirlai, < Catholic cemetery.
Friends and acq aaintances "*' ki"dl}
accept this intimation.
To the Editor Islander:
Sir:—Since my iut letter on tbe out-
ireak of scarlet fever, two more eaasa
have occurred and at different aides of
lie city, wide span, both at houses scrupulously clean.
It seems that we must continue to pay
lie penalty imposed upon us by these
who defeated the sewerage by-law-
It is also a fact that at leut some of
those quarantined are breaking the law
uid should be proceeded against for it
In one cue they have chosen to hava
t shed built, the carpenter carrying the
umber right alongside of the house and
it is said that he receives help from in-
ude the quarantined huuu. If thia is
lorrsct, is nut the carpenter very liable
ui spread the disease, and tf so, should
ie not be isolated for the fourteen days
intil it is seen if he develops itt This
eems very necessary, u every oar*
.Uould be takeu to stamp it out and atop
my chance of spreading it.
It is up to the authorities to see to
his, I am glad to know that the Council
iave decided to make the isolation hospital habital.
Dishes rtehbd.
Editor Islander.
Will the writer of the letter addressed
to the I'ulice Commissi ner kindly und
ihe name of the writer, it will be accepted as STRICKI.V rniVATE aro coKrioiK-
riAi aud will not be given away.
Any correspondent that hu reliable
uid important information to give can
afely rely upon it being treated u priv-
.te but anonymous communications cannot iweived attention however necessary
it may be to the good government of the
On the Trails of the Peace
River Country
(By h. El, STANTON)
To SKK mi empire iu tiio waking, tq spend n month op tbo
lust frontier opeu to tlio Anglo-Saxon raeo, waa the pleas-
:mt lot of i\ party of writers, journalists ttud experienced
observers dur lug tho* mouth of auguat just passed. A carefully-planned trip through a country whlob, since it was lirst
knowu bas boon consigned to tbo hunter, trapper, oaribou aud
bush buffalo, 1ms totally upset ninny of tbo precoucelvo.d ideas
regarding a largo Boot I on of uortboru Canada.
James K. Cornwall, M.P.P., pioneer, was tho father of a
yd an to throw opou lo the world, or ratbor to lot tbo world
know aotnethiug of, that irroat uorthlund. It is truo that
northorn Alberta lirst camo ii\to tbo limelight aa a farming
country nway back lu 187*1, whou Brotbor Ueynlor, of Pon
Oklpewyau, abowod a sample of wheat al tbo Coutonulal
which was n surprise to all, ami which curried ofl lirst hoiiors,
bot at tlmt tltuc Port Ohlpowyan was four months' jouruoy
from civilisation, and it soon dropped buch luto tbo realms
uf fiction, a lino Held for tbo novelist ami nature fakir. Since
then, from time to time, novelists and naturalists have occa
Bioually taken tho trip, after a touching farewell to family
aid friends, but no ono lias taken tho country seriously or
dreamt that ii would ever he much beyond a paradise for
tftppers, where a fen hardy cuttle might gol n precarious
That dav has passed, Now thore are three railway lines
headed for* tho groat Peace Ulvor country, The Alberta
Oovernment is cutting u road for 200 miles from the nearest
rtilw.iv point, ami liomostoadorR ami trailers are clamoring
for more roads, more transportation facilities. They have
learned what, that dlstrlot offers, and want to bo among the
flrat to choose, Mr. Cornwall wauts ovoryouo to know, and
is anxious to get the best hlood of Canada into tho Pouco
River diatrict. Though bo does, not own an aero of bind
there, he has ad op tod tbo methods whieh have been found so
successful by lund specula tors—to let tbo press know and to
place "ii ale accurate data regarding tho country gathored by
experienced men who had UO interests to serve.
In organizing the party thoro was somu difficulty in
getting the class of men desired, but the results show that
he was very sue cess fui The dean of the party was Emerson
Hough, novelist: and short, story writer, a man who' knows n
peat deal of the frontiers of America and their colonization;
his (hum, Ben K. Miller, of Milwaukee, naturalist; Prof. 0,
V. Bull, agronomist of the University of Minnesota; Prof. .1
.tl. Pottit. of the department of soil fertility, University of
Illinois; Arthur R. McFarlano, a Canadian, whose writings in
American periodicals arc well known: Gardner Hazon, of
Farm ami Fireside and Century; Honort Dunn, who was
under an agreement with Everybody 'a Magazine; Allan K.
GUliea, of Toronto; K. \V. Hay, a practical farmer and land
■iau from Dayslaud; and last, but not least, a half-dozen
newspapermen* and an ollic.iul photographer.
This outfit left Edmonton on July 'JT lasl for Kort Vermilion and Grand Prairie, and iu live weeks of strenuous
travelling covered a total distance of "J, 100 miles. How eau
that journey be described within the scone of a single article.
It covered every class of country from open prairie aud
Valley land to semi-mountainous country and heavy limber.
Much of it was over rough limber trails, and 1,200 miles was
along the rivers and lakes of the nortli waterways second to
none fn Canada. The first leg of tbo journey, Edmonton to
Athabasca Landing, 10". miles, was over a road which is a
century old. Cut originally to accommodate tho Hudson's
Bay (.'ompany in thoir northern trade, It is now the main
artery tu the Peace lliver country.
We had spent two days In travelling over a large section
of the three prairie provinces, whero a severe drought had
givon evidence of bard times for the fanners, but out from
Kdmouton there was a marked improvement. The laud is a
MrieB of bottoms cut by sandy or gravel ridges, aud nbout
Oie-third of ii is excellent farm land, where there wero
Stands of oats which should produce up to (10 bushels to the
acre this vear. Nortb of the Landing our real trip began,
for a short distance out wc passed 55 degrees north latitude,
beyond whieh it was never supposed farming operations
could be successfully carried on in Canada east of the
Bocktos.   Nothing could be more incorrect.
For three days our sturdy little paddle-wheel steamer
churned along np lhe Albabasca, and from there aloug the
Lesset Slave River to Lessor Slave Lako, a fine sheet, of
wator 00 miles in length, Orouard, at the head of the lake,
is the largest and most important settlement in the north,
lit bas trading posts of the Hudson's Hay Company, and of
Kevillon Brothers, Ihelr powerful rival; there are a sawmill,
grist mill, two large missions for the Indian aud hnlfbreod
children, two churches, Moulded Police barrackf and a permanent population of approximately 500 peoplo. The day
w arrived tin- Dominion Government toiograph line, which
is being stretched to Peace River Crossing, reached there,
am] a general colobt'fttlon was on.
Grouard is the centre of a line piece of country with
several small but most fertile prairies whieh are just being
settled up. There are a number of homesteaders now on the
ground, and there is room for a couple of thousand more.
Nnrth from there the trail leads through almost solid timber,
poplar and spruce, for 80 mites, with a few stretches of bottom land ami recently-drained beaver meadow. Tho latter
are ready for settlers, and require but littlo clearing, and
while the timber country carried a fine, deep soil with silt
subsoil, it is only natural to suppose that it will not bc
opened until the greater part of tho prairie has been settled.
jBnt it is cheering to know that there is so much timber
available. The lack of trails has had a tendency to keep
people out of this district, but wo wore informed that there is
a strip of excellent land extending through to the foothills,
200 miles west. Some of the'farms seen here were a revelation, and it wns here that we bad our first, look at the vegetable gardens which bid fair to bc one of the great features
of the north country.
Peace River, or Ouanjagi (Cur Own Beautiful Kiver), as
tb- frees call it, is one of the great rivers of Canada. Its
bed is half a mile in width, it has a channel six feet in
depth, u current uf frum two lo four miles an hour, nud it is
navigable for stern wheelers for 000 miles. The banks in
places are BOO feet in height, but the table or bench land
behind is the choicost of park country. In fact, while driving over it, we experienced a Constant series of disappoint
raents. ln main places il resembles the rolling country to
the north of Toronto, where open bills anil valleys are cut
by patches of trees, and, coining as we did irom civilization,
<her.- was ;i  mtaul expectation that just behind the next
piece nf forest or over the next hill we would come upon a
village or nt least h farm. Uut every hope was doomed to
disappointment,     \   furrow has never been cut on it.
I'he section of the Trace lliver country whieh Mr. Corn
wull represents in the Alberla Legislature covers an area of
65,000,000 acres. Of tlmt 10 por cent, is untillable. being
lake, river or cliff.    One third is open prairie where a sleam
plow may be operated without hindrance. The balance is
forc.-t or hay meadow, which must be cleared or drained before it can bo farmed. The surface orainage is of the finest.
and there are a hundred or mure small Jakes scattered
through it. 'I'he surface noil is silt, rich in humus for a depth
of from 1- to 20 inches, and the subsoil in silt or clay of
liglit. texture. Only a small section shows truces of alkali
and Hie water of the lakes and rivers is pure ami sweet.
Good wells may be struck at deplhs of from 10 to 50 feet.
Oreat attention was paid to lhe character of the soil by
our two agronomists, for there were climatic conditions ami
conditions of vegetation which they bad never liefore encountered. Records uf the rainfall showed that, the whole district would come under tho heading of a ''dry fanning"
proposition, but vet there was n luxuriance in the natural
graces and timber growth which belied this. Tliey carried
a Boil anger with them and hundreds of borings were made,
the holes being sunk to a depth of four feet. It was found
thai the soil was of such a character that roots penetrated it
readily to almost, any depth, and Ihe consistency was such
thai it held moisture'readily. The rainfall comes at a season
When the greater percentage of it may penetrate the soil ami
act on tho growing crops, while tho wintor cold drives the
frost io a depth of several feel, allowing tho moisture to
come to the surface slowly, a condition which has proved
mosl satisfactory for wheat, and coarse grains.
Robert .I ones, curator of the Dominion Experimental
Fnrm at Port Vermillion, has a record of the rainfall of that
district, since Juno, 1808. From that date fill lhe end of
Way. 1009, tin- rainfnll was I7.0H inches, the next year it
was 13.42, and during .Tune and duly nf this year it- was 0.80
inches, Those are the growing months. At Punvogan from
August to duly, 1000 07, the rainfall wuh M.ll inches, thp
ne\t year it was 10.15 inches, nexl year it was 12.00 Inches,
And the present year hIiowb 11.08 inches. At Peace lliver
Grossing the rainfall from September lo August, 1007-08,
was 11,48 inches, lhe next year it was 13.80 inches, and thia
year it was 9.5G inches. But, despite the seemingly light
rainfall, wheat tit Vermilion will average 84 bushels to the
acre, and where proper farming methods were employed there
tire fields ihai will yield 35 bushels to the ucro, and, iu
parenthesis, ii may be stated that last season's crop weighed
04'.j ppuuds to the measured bushel.
This bringa us back naturally to the work being done at
Port Vermilion. The Port, a Hudson's Hay trading post, lies
in north latitude 5>.;io, but the experimental farm there.is a
treat. The Oovernment has rented five acres from Mr. .Innes,
a practical tanner without technical education, but ho is
ll man with a head and ho uses it. We went over the farm
there ou August 10, and were shown tomatoes measuring two
inches and a half iu diameter, vegetable marrow 14 inches
long, cucumbers half that length, sweet and field com ready
for the table, cabbage aud cauliflower equal to the product
of the besl. gardens of Ontario, high quality peas, beans,
turnips, radishes, lettuce, sugar beets, in fact every variety
of vegetables tlmt will mature in Ontario.
Though lhis whole section is absolutely under the domin
ul imi of the Hudson's Uay Company, li rule which il is diili
cull to understand outside, there are a number of fanners
who are doing well, am) who will be wealthy when once
within reach of a market for their produce. A volume could
he written regarding their slruggle, aud.lt probably will be,
for onr magazine writers were especially interested in that
detail of lite in the uorthlaud; but a few illustrations may
sulbce. The company own and o per tile the mill, and thoy
will grind wheat lor the fanuors, Hut they will charge them
:i."i cents a bushel fur doing so and will only grind 50 bushels
fur any one mail. Hefore they will accept the work, however,
the fanner must sign nu agreement that hn will not sell
barter any of the Hour. If he has butter to sell they will give
him -•"> cents u pound for it, but the salt to put in'the butter
to preserve it will cost him l-'.-j cents a pound. Two pounds
of salt, for a pound of butter is the rule all through thnl north
country, and the Hudson's Hay Company could lay .salt down
iu Kort Vermilion at $10 u ton from the natural deposits
aloug the northern river, Puctor Wilson at the Port dismissed the subject with the statement thai "'We must make
a small profit.''
The company will not buy beef cattle, fnr they have herds
of their own; they import hog products rather than buy from
men in the country who could readily produce more than the
company could handle. Company ollicors state that they
would like to see the country opened up, but they refused to
sign petitions to the Government asking that mads be cut.
The reason given is that roads would open the field to opposition traders and fur buyers. Canadians will naturally
ask why a district as fertile tis this, and as large as four
of the larger States in the middle west should be held back
for such a reason. Indications are that the time is not far
distant when this question will settle itself. World history
shown that the forces of agriculture progress rapidly even
along the lines of greatest resistance.
"A Hunter's Paradise,'' was lho name given the valley
of the Peace by Emorson Hough, himself an ardent, hunter,
lu three days we sighted 'JO bears along the shore, and be
brought three of them aboard, a fourth falling to the ritle
of our pilot, dean Baptists Showau. Bears, moose, ducks,
geese, prairie chickens and partridges were, a part of our
daily menu all [he time we were north of 55, where the game
law is framed to (It the needs of the frontiersman.
Space forbids moro than a brief reference to the wonderful grand prairie, the mecca of oar pilgrimaire. It is a basin
of, roughly, 7,000 square miles, lightly wooded in places and
well drained and watered, It lias a mild winter temperature,
ao that horses and cattle range the year through, though most
of the ranchers now on tho ground pul up bay for work
horses and for emergencies. Approximately 100,000 acres
have been uomesleaded, aud only about 2 per cent, is untillable. To date settlement has been retarded by the difficulties of transportation and its cost. Prices for supplies rnuge
from ,150 per cent, higher than at Kdmouton, lo practical
prohibition on luxuries.
In the last sentence above lies the key ef tho whole situation in the nurth—the cost of supplies. To-day it is no
country for a man who is not prepared to undergo hardships,
to do without things which are uol in the list of absolute
necessities. A man to go in there now must be self-reliant
and resourceful; in fact, he must bo the stamp of man who
hewed a home out of tho Ontario forests a century ago. Such
a man will do well and enjoy himself. Within the next three
years, or when the railroads arrive, it will be the greatest
country in the world which oilers free land to the homesteader. The govornmont pplicy of keeping it out of the
hands of the speculator and for the homesteader cannot bo
too highly commended, for when the rush once starts it will
be historic. . .
There are other prairies there which will be in tbe mouths
of every Canadian within the next half decade, the Pence
Coupe, the Spirit River, the Cadotte, the Bear Lako and
many others, but their general qualifications aro all the same.
The district will support a population of millions, aud already
there are thousands headed thai way or merely waiting for
bettor transport.    It is the bast North.
UNQUESTIONABLY, the lake was out there (and unquos
tionably still is) somewhere iu the heart of St. Ignace
Island." We were as sure of that as we were of the
facts that St. Ignace Island block's the entrance to Nipigon
Hay, Lake Superior, tind that we were camping on St, Ignace
Island. Michael and doe and .Nish-i-shiji-i-wog, .being all
amiable rodmen tind experienced guides and eager ever to
impart cheering information, to be corrected or retracted
under ultimate compulsion, wore perfectly sure lhat they
knew just where to put their hands on that lake.
Iu thc first place, the map showed the lake plainly nnd
alluringly. Moreover, being a garrulous and candid map,
even as Canadian maps go, it grew confidential, giving the
lake's length—six miles.—ami its. population and "principal
products"—to wit—"abounding ia speckled trout.'' We
wanted very much to find jthnt lalte; first because we aspired'
to see just how utterly shameless in its mendacity the map
could be; second, because we wanted to extend tin angler's
greeting to those trout which had been "abounding"' all
these fifteen years of that map's misled life with little or
uo encouragement; and, third, because we calculated that we
had at most but two days left nf a month's playtime in the
wilderness. The little pulp-wood Steamer, .1. 0, Ford, might
come poking her snub-nose into thc cove to-morrow and
whistle us arrogantly bach to starched linen and the kindred
horrors of civilization. ,
So Ihe Camp Hoss arose from his H.H. blanket, stretched
himself toward the white northern moon, kicked a big back
into the camp tire, and said: "Well—how about it/ Who goes
after the lake1."
of courso he might have said "to the lake." and been
more grammatical, but being a north woodsman, the ('amp
Hoss knew well tne elusiveness of which lake ami map in
conspira.v were capable, lle knew that we'd have tu surround lhat six-mile lake nnd tire it out and trip it up and
sit upon its heaving chest before we could properly call it
our own.
The verdict for a sunrise departure lake ward was unanimous; that i", virtually unanimous. The Indians didn't
vote ut all, because this business of discussing aud consulting
a lull of paper with ridiculous lines and letters on it disgusted them. Steve was asking himself in what coat pocket
or in whose teat or on what ruck he had left his pipe and
didn't hear. At least, he prelended not to hear. He felt
about the entire project of the lake-trip precisely as the Indians fait about lhe map—aud if tlmt could be translated
inlo good, pure Chippewa idiom it. might be printed here with
propriety, Steve could get all the exercise and adventure he
really craved by carrying his rod and fishing-box from his
tent, to the beach or strolling over ,to the grub tent. Had
he been given the power to arrange such matters, he would
sit on a reck aud cast, Kaiser-like, while the pick of Superior
reef trout wore driven up to his busy dropper-fly.
Hilly said something BOtto voce to Steve. It was something .stinging and stimulating and subtly contempt nuns,
st.eve sprang to his feet and thundered: "I'll show you
whether I'm a quitter or not," And when we had disentangled them it was perfectly evident; that Steve was "going
after the lake.'*
"Goe-sus" in stunning splondor was coming ovor the
eastern rim of Superior and screaming gulls were deep in the
serious and ceaseless business ef getting fed, when we
tumbled out of blankets and raced to beach aud bath, while
Ihe nipping air made speed aud comment unavoidable. When
lhe third relay had successfully brought Sleeve to the open,
still clinging to his blankets, wo breakfasted, then mndo up
packs, sought out compass, fly-rod, and steel-rod, flies for
those for which the map prepared ur and spinners for those
they are the piratical pike.
Also we took a shot gun for foolish spruce-hens, buck-
which lurk in green lake bottoms,whoro trout are not—and
shotted shells for an inhospitable bullnioose, a camera for
the log-keeper, and a hatchet and spikes for raft-building.
Michael and .loe carried, in their packs, a skillet, a tea-pot,
bread, bacon, salt, a culinary equipment rudimentary in tho
extreme.     Niskd-snin-i-wog   remained   to  guard   the   camp
against benrs aud itinerant fishermen.
Wo begin the ascent oa the ridge whieh rose from the
water like some giant lizard emerging irom the deep and
swept away upward to its radial centre, "Old Hahly," miles
inland. ' old Haldy" we believed to be the headstone ot
ihe six-mile lake. It's ridiculously simple tn walk up one
of those Superior ridges. It gives you a maximum appreciation of your ability and acumen und a minimum comprehension uf the obstacle to be overcome, and that is always bad.
'lhis particular ridge, after about half a mile, grew wearied
and bored with being a ridge and tried boiag a mountain,
letting another promontory on the far side of a deep, thick
valley take care uf the ridge business for a while,
It is curious how all the sprawling, tangled, ubstiuate,
cunning, fun-loving, congested, ami cussed bushes uf thut
dura insisted upon settling in the vullev bottoms and leaving
the airy realty uf the ridges and hill sides without a market.
Steve noticed it tirst, which, of course, was quite inevitable,
lie had scorned our warning to disjoint his trout-rod for the
trip. More tlmt that, he had three vivacious aud clinging dies
ou his leader. Also he had a lauding net hung around his
neck with an elastic, which would cling to a twig and then,
released, ship him smartly between the shoulder Idades. H
had a net helmet enveloping his features and gauntlets
against.the black-flies whn loved him dearly.
When three flies, binding net, and netting helinel enmesh
ed themselves simultaneously in the vegetation, Steve would
seize the Opportunity to lell ns frankly and fully what he
thought of lhe whole "fool jaunt" und Ihe procession would
take uut time tn dissociate Sieve from his environment.
Out of Btevo's hearing we all remarked upon the obvious
inequalities of the going. Cf course, there was uo trail,
save those which moose aiul deer aud caribou luul uiade and
those trails led everywhere and anywhere. With huts pulled
over our eyes we pushed gropingly through dense spruce,
hemlock, juniper, swamp willow, aud tagaldei thickets. We
climbed over wind-rows and sank intn greal logs tlmt. looked
sound ami were but dust. We plodded through caribou-moss
tu the  knees and  floundered through tamarack swamps.
Stove's head net early con fir mod his judgment and established its own efficacy. It incarcerated till the black flies
and dorr-flics along with Sleove and distracted their intentions frum us entirely. They seemed tn think it a bun intended for their exclusive divertisement and sportive tastes.
When Steve discovered the effects of this fatuous interpretation, he wrath fully hung his head net upon a tag-Older
bush. We uften speculate even now how badly that bush has
beeu   bitten.
We emerged from that rank valley and nimbus of flies
at last, and regained the ridge-radiation, doe slopped us
aud we beard, the music of trickling water, and between two
Norway pines, deep at their routs, we found the erystaline
depths and wondrous refreshment of one uf those enchanted
springs with which a bountiful providence has equipped tlm
northern   forests.
Cn across the plateau we moved, Steve's resting respites
growing mure frequent, needful, and protracted. We broke
through a hedge ef red birches nnd trailing pine aud then a
great marvel'and au expanse of surpassing loveliness burst
out upon us. We had come upon a country of ginut cedars
and spruces, stretching away, on a slight incline, to lhe misty
mountain which loomed up, perhaps four miles away. Wild
ruses made gay the whole wild color scheme id' predominant
green, with blue hare bells in the rocks and yew and juniper
ami moose-maple. The country was open and wonderfully
park-like in its exquisite composition.
Our expressions nf admiration were awed whispers—save
Steve's who, breath and utilitarian instinct returning together, declared fervently:
"There's a half million  feet  of timber without  a  knot..
And we fell upon him.
There were blueberries there, too. Aud such blueberries!
—the average sine of a Malaga grape. Thev nestled in the
shadows of the rocks and swept away, a sheen of misty blue,
as far ns the the eye could reach. 'Hear tracks showed we
were not the only appreciates of this luscious bounty.
.loe nosed about, while we gorged upon blueberries and
smoked and bailed Steve. Indians always du that—nose
about, I mean. When we were coasting Hake Superior, Joe
aad Michael would disappear while we lunched and return
triumphantly wilh a rabbit or a wolf-trap or an abandoned
moccasin ur a rotting dog-sled—or some other priceless
It was lunch-time when we heard the brook, of course
Michael heard it first. Else what prerogatives are there in
patriarchal dignity—and Michael eighty at leant? .Tne had
started the fire ia a place so formally beautiful in its arrangement of Cedars and shrubs and gay (lowers thai il left
us with the uncomfortable impression that we were picnicking ou somebody's million -dollar country ostate—somewhere
between the formal garden and the tenuis lawn. Trout for
lunch, obviously, is preferable to bacon. The Camp Hoss
aud Steve hearkened to the call of the brook gurgling there
somewhere in the green shadows. It was curious ami stimulating, the way Steve threw ofl' complete exhaustion, nay,
paralysis of mind and body, when he heard the word "trout."
The water was boiling and Michael's cunniugly-mado teacups of birch-bark were ready, wheu we heard shouts, first
of exultation, second, of apprehension then shrill cries fur
help. Of course, they were Steve's cries. We rushed to the
brook, lt was a versatile and manynionded little brook-
here and there a deep, green, mysterious pool—and then a
stretch where the gurgling water scarcely covered the stoues.
The Camp Buss had stationed Steve at a pool with his rnd
and told Iiim to do his worst.
Steve's first eust was, undoubtedly, au invitation to the
largest and most democratic social event, that pool had ever
known. 'j,ney rushed from all nooks and corners. Steve said
he counted 398 fighting for his flies. The survival uf the
fittest was quickly adjudicated and Steve found himself
hooked up with two very big, thoroughly frightened trout.
That was tlu? cry of exultation. Then those two fish did tin
untraditioual and must reprehensible thing. Thev should
have circled round and round the pool until we could Iiml
Stove's net for him. Instead ol that, they started down thc
brook.   That was thc cry of apprehension.
Steve followed un, being the only thing he eould do. Moreover, the pace was killing, because even a trout half out of
water, sliding along on its side over moist stones is no lag.
gard. Por fifty yards down that brnok, falling down, get
ting up. screaming fur help, Steve went, paced by those two
trout. The Hunt knew the turns better, but Steve wus mnking a pretty racb of it, plucky and spectacular, when we
reached the brook.
Once hu sprinted uud overtook his pace -makers with a
splendid burst of speed. He tried to kick nne into a clump
of alder bushes and grasp the slippery body of the other with
palsied fingers. Then he sat upon one, obviously lo smother
it, and hurled shuddering curses upon the other, as he struck
savage blows at il with a crooked stick. Michael netted
them and Sieve accepted congratulations und "entertained
at lunch."
The lake, the nix-mile lake, the lake of our dreams uud
the lake of lhe map-maker's mendacity, wasn't far—after
1 bat. In fad, Steve hud, I think, but two rests when
lhe blue sheen and sparkle of it burst ont upon us, as we
rounded a senliiiel-ruek upon a shoulder of ''Old Bably.''
Little time was squandered in congratulations. Thore wns
no unfolding of lhe starry banner or exchange of appropriate
dramatic and maudlin sentiment. We had work to do—Speci-
fieally, a raft lo build. We wanted to see just how expectant
and appreciative "speckled trout" can be when they have
boiju "abounding'' for generations without the interference
of the "race suicide" proponents and the census man.
Wo started out sanely with the purpose of having a raft
"built for comfort, nut "speed." After tho first ofllcinl test
lliere was some logical conjecture eveu about the "comfort."
We had two very brilliant young engineers among us—men
"sure to be heard from"—you know thu kind. Billy, for
instance, had built numberless million-dollar railroad bridges,
but the mechanical problem of the raft baffled him. Indeed,
iu a half hour more enginoers-in-chief resigned from tho job
than have come home from Panama for a presidential spanking. At last wo turned it all over to Michael ami .loe, just
ns each of ns felt from tho first to be inevitable. They did
it in, perhaps, fifteen minutes—and it wns declared seaworthy and amplo for threo.
I don't know why Billy, Harry and I were elected the
prize-crew, but we were. Harry took Stevo's trout-rod and
leader of flies. He meant to get at the bottom of this
"abounding" rumor. Billy equipped himself with a steel
rod and a "spinner." I manned a paddle of grotesquo design
and wc were off amid (dicers from the reviowing-stands. The
work of keeping afloat—above tho knees—and dodging
Harry's hopeful back-casts engaged our minds for the first
few minutes. It was a nice point whether I preferred
Harry's flies or Billy's spinner-hooks, but I decided that, if
I had any latitude of choice, I'd stick to Harry and his flies
as a gratuitous decoration of my ears or back-hair or cheeks.
Wo had swept out majestically a hundred yards from
share when it boenmc evident that, if there wasaliy "abounding" being done in that lake, it wnsn't tho "Bpeckled
trout" that were doing it.   We were discussing this further
mendacity on the part of the map—when the answer came.
Billy had just made a record cast and was throwing rhetorical orchids tit himself. Ho gavo voice to if muttered exclamation and started over the side of the raft in response to a
vigorous summons thnr seemed to come along his line. We
grappled with him.
Theu Billy's steel rod ami reel ami line and spiuuer opeu
ed up a surprising coarse uf spontaneous action. The roil
doubled, the reel shrieked, aud the cud of the line went
chasse-iug nround the lake. Billy was very pallid. Tbeu thn
Ilsh broke water—oO' about forty yards -and we looked ut
ono another wilh wonder, even terror, tu our eyes, It wan
Monsieur MnskellutiflO that had been doing all this geodetic
"abounding," Evidently, the 'lunge saw us when we saw
him—and, equally evidently, he was glnd to see us. He
Started for the raft with no further ceremony or slieiiaiiuigan.
Hilly couldn't reel in fast enough, so u loop of the Hue got
around Harry's leg. It must, be remembered how thoroughly
congested our quarters really were.
The reviewing stand ashore had heard Ihe splash the mus
kcllungc hud made ami began tolling us all about it--never,
apparently, for a moment supposing that the condition of
bolng su closely cu rapport with u forty ♦pound 'lunge could
mnke tiny possible difference wilh such splendid insouciance
ns ours, Without this hypothesis, thoy musl have thought we
were doing a Virginian rool nr snuiething on that raft from
sheer lightness of hear!,
Harry tried lo get his leg out of Billy's loop und stow
his own lino simultaneously, He didn't really make a sue
cess of eiC.er. lle got two of his flies inlo my trouHers and bin
line around Billy's neck. That BOOlllOn to stimulate the
musky tu fresh feats of ngility nml (inriug, He began cut
Oul; figure eights and spirals around the raft and under it,
and, 1 think, over it. lle lunl us tied up like Laocuou and
sons in the gWBp of lhe encircling Miiakes, when Hilly, attempting a quick turn, went through the raft tu his arm-pits.
I tried lo help him nnd pried ofl a log or Iwo, Then the
spikes began comtug nut.
Each rush of the musky took away au integer in our fatter of buoyancy. When the moment of final disintegration
came, Harry and I began swimming. Mill v. however, strud
died the biggest log ami bade the inuskelluuge lead ou, whieh
the muskellungo forthwith did, Bad it not been fur canvas
hat and briar pipe clenched iu his teeth, Billy would have
passed very well for Aphrodite being towed Olympus ward
by dolphins from her radiant bath. Harry and 1 wauled to
stick around and enjoy the water lete, but we had a hundred
yard swim ahead of ns. Presently Billy turned his rod over
tn lhat avaricious musky ami joined us.
Of course, we could have built a fire and stripped and
dried our clothes, But Ihe black llies wero showing much
too much enthusiasm. We decided lu abandon the secret of
the "abounding" rumor nml break lhe crosscountry records
for camp. Soaked flannels do not make wildorncss-going
easy, bnt they do provide a potent sort of incentive, The
Ontup Boss regretted that we hadn't thrown Sieve into the
Michael gave us a very impressive exhibition of wood
craft when we were, ready to start, lie took a look at the
setting sun, at the top of "Old Bably." and, then, al the
far away cove on Lake Superior and that coveted camp-fire,
where Nish i-shin-i-wug's dinner was simmering and dry
dothos and hnt. things and great good cheer were waiting.
Then Michael grunted and started briskly down the hill
side, already shadowing in the approach of evening. Ho
went straight, over hills, through dark valleys, canons, aud
swamps, we stumbling aftor the old patriarch, and at last
we emerged from Ihe thickets—within ten feet of the crack
ling camp-fire which a huge boulder bad entirely screened
trom our view as we approached.
There was little political, ethical, esthetic, or piscatorinl
discussion about the fire that night- no posl prandial oratory.
Billy was too tired to bait Steve and Steve was too tired to
resent it, if Billy had. We staggered to our blankets from
a stupendous dinner and dropped straight way into that
profound, dreamless sleep of the uorthlaud.
lt is a terrific shock to be awakened when one is Bleep
ing the delicious sleep nf complete physical exhaustion. I
never can forget that shock. At last I realized that, it was
the Camp Boss's voice that I had been hearing for centuries,
lle had tne by the leg and lie was saying
tunny times:
"Up, lads, quick. The Ford's out in the
for us.''
I sat. up in my blankets nnd hail an attack of vertigo -
just the norvoua shock and terrific mental elfort to grasp it
all after a brutally abrupt return from oblivion. Tbe camp
fire was still burning low. The moon. too. was low and
ghostly in its faded brilliance. We built up the fire uud
lighted lanterns. It is not nice to strike a five tent camp at
2 a.m.; to dress in the unbelievable cold; to pack wet clothes
with your bedding; to take down your rods and untie hard
knots and collect scattered kits with numb fingers and sleep
deadened minds, while an impntient lake •captain blows hurry
Up whistles out lliere in the blackness of night-cloaked
Superior with only his port light to show his sympathy.
The sun was just piling up over the reefs and tlu> seagulls were awakening to another work-day. when the last
boat load—the (amp I'mss and doe and I -afler a last look
around, pullet! out of thai sanctified cove and went up on the
davits of the .1. C. Ford. That last look around was tragic
but vastly disillusioning, because, contrasted with the horrors
of an abandoned camp site, even civilization is bearable.
Then a bell iu the engine-room sounded the knell—the knell
of another play-day ended and another summer idyl gone -
that's the real tragedy of it—gone forever.
DISCUSSING a recent motor enr accident near Cape May,
Xew Jersey, in which five persons in aa nutt mobile
were instantly killed by an express train whieb'irashed
into their car as it dashed across the railroad tracks, the
"Evening Post" of New Vork makes an interesting analysis
of the speed maniac and his attitude of mind. Iu part the
"Post" says:
"In these circumstances, it. may seem harsh to say that
what happened to these people, lamentable as it wns. is but
the natural aud normal consequence of tlieir conduct. Yot
such is plainly the case. And if the truth of the matter
should be brought clearly home io even a small proportion
of those whose automobiles are run oa the same principles,
or want of principles, theso four autnniohilists and their
Chauffeur will not have died in vain.
"l.et us consider for a moment tin* state of mind thai
this 'accideni' implies, A 'waving field nf full grown corn.'
we are told, bid the train from thi1 view of the nutomubilists.
This will probnbly be regarded by most persons as a circumstance mitigating tin' responsibility of Ihe automnbilists, or
their chauaour, fnr their own destruction. But precisely the
Opposite is the case ns a moment's thought will show. Had
there beeu no obstruction io the view, the occurrence might
be si't down as oue of those accidents whieh, somehow or
olher, will happen iu spite of everything V?0 can do. After
all precautions are taken, there remains in every field of
human conduct a residue of error which cannot be guarded
against: a momentary lapse of judgment, or attention, or
nerve, or what not, will happen in the most unaccountable
way. Had the view been unobstructed, the disaster might
possibly have been due lo one of these inexplicable lapses.
But wltnt actually happened was that the automobile dashed
upon the tracks when it was impossible to see whether u
train was nppronehing or not; aad this indicates not a Inpso
of attention but a wrong attitude of mind. That speed
mania which makes people forgetful of risks to others is opt
finally to make them forgetful of risks to themselves. To
dash at high speed upon a railway track without doing whatever may be necossarv tu seo whether a train is approaching
is to invite self-destruction; and when it comes, the result
must be regarded as simply the working out of a plain law
of probability, and not as an accident beyund one's control.
"Nor is it only tho question of danger that is important
in this matter of the speed mania. Tho mania is in itself
an evil. It converts whnt ought to be a cheerful and bracing pleasure into an unwholesome excitement, Tt transforms
what ought to bo ono of the most delightful of all modes
of travelling into what cannot properly be dignified by the
name of travel at all. Instead of sooing a country, getting
its flavor, enjoying its peculiarities, nnd partaking of ita
attractions, tiio speeding nutomobilist chains himself down
to his program of getting over the ground, and becomes
absorbed iu the monotonous physical satisfaction of his swift
motion by day and the inane contemplation of his record
when he rests at night. There is something nbout the whole
matter thnt reminds one of tho stupefying fascinntion of a
drug httbit, Probably nine ont nf ten who indulge in the
senseless practice do so because others do it, and would enjoy
a thousandfold more the proper use of the automobile at a
reasonable speed if only they, or somebody for them, hnd
sense enough to think of this alternative. In the meanwhile,
thoy will go on in their stupidity, thoir recklessness, thoir
brutal disregard of the rights of others; and wo ean only
hope thnt when such n disaster occurs ns that on which wo
havo commented, there will be a few nt least who will tnke
the lesson home to thoir mind and their conscience."
b7 4
THAT "thero is nothing uew under thc sun" applies more
lo the fashions in dress to-day than to anything in the
world, aud equally true is the old saying that if a gown
is kept for seven yours it will ngain be in style. But it will
be a bravo and patient woman who will wait the seven
years and then wear the same gown without some marked
alteration thereto. The general outline and design uf the
newest models for tho winter street costumes are nut like
those of so long ago as seven years since, but they have many
points ui common with thOSO of throe or four seasons past.
The favorite shirt waist model at the moment, tlio nd-
ranee stylo as it is declared to be, m apparent lv simple, hul
U is a studied simplicity uut easily Attained.    Fashion com
Grny Serge Costume
nuud- tlnii every woman shall look slender and young, even
wheu sue has attained the half century iu years uud the
CttBtoniiuv iunreuM hi weight. The perfectly plain straight
up and down skirt, exaggeratedly tight around the ankles,
is Bim ply Impossible toi :.„*, but ihe most slender and youth
fui figures, and even then is uol uttracttve, hence the change
that is lo be nut wed. This new skirt has qulto a deep yoke,
titling to perfection, and a straight front breadth cut iu one
piece with tho yoke. Below the yoke at the bides and buck
there arc uo Ies.-. than two seams al either side. These cuu be.
iu shallow pleats tf desired and if the material is not too
heavy there is a seam down the back breadth, but lliere ure
uu pleats in the back. 'I liis is a design that gives slender
linos and besides is economical, as it does uut require much
material. Best of ail, it is wide onough nround the ankles
to permit of taking a long step,
Another good skirt model that is extremely becoming
but which also requires careful fitting has a seam down the
centre of (he front breadth, uo senilis at thu sides aud a
double box pleat at llie back, fastened us far down on the
.skirt as i.- becoming lu lhe individual wearer. This also is a
--*' ""nliziitiou nf a fashion of some three or four years
is au   uuusual   variety  iu  the mudols for tlie
 extremely plain, without any trim
.rs, ami on just the same lines, are
trimmed with braiding
aVOritO mood, IIOl Sinicillgiy uuvei uui uecumiug, is iiiiiiu1
ihe the voile gowns, with thc broad baud of satin around the
lottom of the skirt -the baud, not quite so wide as the
mterlul, giving the effect of the doth being gathered where
>     lu     ininn.l    I.i    t U.i    wit ill
sort of
ago.   Tl1
tailor costun
tiling wluitover, while others.
ned with braiding or bias folds of satin or velvet.    Oin
favorite model,  not  strikingly  novel  but   becoming, is mad
like"' ..   ............ ..•    .
it is joined tu tbe satin.
Tailored street costumos this autumn and winter will be
jusl as popular as ever, and as the short skirt Is now uuiver
sally accepted as smart, there will certainly be many more
of the coat and skirt costumes than when fashion declares in
favor of long skirts and makes possible the wearing of elab
urate one piece gowns under loug and equally elaborate
nnd cloaks.    In consequence at least two cloth cost	
be essential  tn comfort—the severely  plain  uutrii
and the more elaborate cloth or velvet uui
a. This is considered an absurdly sum 11
winter out III, but for all practical purposes
dod each is satisfactory iu every detail.
Hough mate rails of nl) kinds, serges, cheviots and cloths, are
the Miiarti-'i fui llie morning, aud (here is it really niurvelloiis
Variety in color and design, Both the wide and the fine cord
Serge arc In Btyle, while the rough tweeds and cheviots in
grays, tans and mixed black and white, made perfectly plain,
are extremely smart. The five gored skirt is iu fashion, thn
circular skirt also, but this hist is so ditlicult of accomplish
lite lit that it cannot be loo rashly undertaken. I'oats arc
of medium length. The long coal of last season is now oul
of dute and the short fancy cunts of the sutnin
practical for lllfl severe styl
f th
plain satin edged with n fold «f velvet, collar and cuffs of
satin heavily embroidered, while ahove the circular side piece
a baud of embroidery in worked on the cloth itself. This
band dees not go entirely arotmd the coat, but stops at either
side. The back, while quite flat and straight from the
shoulders, Iiiih a seam duwu the emitre, and in consequence is
much more becoming to the majority of women, for it is
only a slender woman who looks well with the plain, straight
back effect of coat. One of the newest styles has the back
tpiite wide across the shoulders uud then sloped in toward
the waist. This is rarely becoming aud the fashion does not
seem destined to be popular, but it is different from the
fashions tlmt have prevailed ko long aud for that reason may
become worthy of imitation.
•    •    *
Black is to he fashionable this season, nud the satin
finish bines cloths are always effective; ull black, with only
the relief of color iu the waistcoat, which is not always sopor
ate. but is pnrt of the cunt itself. Moire is a favorite ma
terial for the waistcoat, while Japanese embroidery, Cloth
and old brocade are also used. There are some coats made
with e-:.tais of colored velvet or with rovers faced with color.
This fashion is sometimes becoming and effective, but it is
apt to be too popular, and tbere nro so few colors that Contrast well, eveu wilh black. The bright dark blue that has
been so popular till summer appears ngain iu these trimmings
and is far better than anything else iu so far as being generally becoming, but an emerald green is newer. White (doth
is also included us among thu possibilities, the principal
objection being that hluck and white have been so much
worn nil summer Hint the fashion is mi lunger new. A most
striking ell'ecl is gained by black velvet collar and rovers
with au edge of white satin ribbon. This white ngainst lhe
bllick of the doth of the costume and the black velvet collar
is eery smorl provided tlio gown is absolutely new and fresh.
To attempt it on ti cost iu the least shabby would result iu a
most dismal failure.
After all, whon complaints are made uf tho high prices
asked fur Ike gowns of today the immense amount of time
ami thought ns well as labor expended ou them should be
taken into consideration. All the petty detuils that mean
su much, and which make or mar the success of the costume,
are not evolved iu one day. Often n model that has been
thought to possess everything to make it popular will be
found to luck everything essential to its success simply
because the colors do not work well together or the lines are
bad, and the whole gown has lo be reconstructed hefore it eau
be exhibited.
Kccentric styles have lo be put before the public before it
can be decided just how the nm-essary modifications can be
made, and there are always women who look well dressed in
conspicuous and eccentric gowns and whose word ns to fashions is id' much avail. .Inst at present the designer is made
happy in fhe knowledge that a more sane point of view is to
prevail ami that the loo eccentric and conspicuous fashions
are not at all popular.
The street costumes for autumn are much more satisfactory than usual—the tun long coat of last yeur having
been put to one side, the .short jacket, not too short, and the
attractive short lliree quarter length coat being most popular,
while there are enough variations iu detail to prevent every
one looking as though gowned exactly the same. The short
skirt, while short enough to clear the ground uud the snme
length all nround, is most practical and is quite distinctive
from the long skirt. A most practical form of economy must
be noted, the two skirts for the one Wtlistj the short skirt
for the street and the long out' for the home, or for receptions,
can bo worn with the same coat, and if the waist be made
partly nf the same material as rhe skirt, as shuuld bo done,
two smart gowns can be in this way obtained, fur the loug
skirt changes entirely the appearance of the waist, making it
look as though merely part of a one-piece gown. Velvet,
velveteen and cloth nre the only materials tn use in this
fashion; rough serge und cheviot nre onlv suitable to be made
into the street skirt with coat to match.
Straight draperies brought from the shoulder to the foot
of (ho gown are a great aid in making a woman who is too
short for her breadth look belter proportioned that she realty
tstuiues will I
for the morn ing
for   the   afteruooi
allowance I'm uny
will  suffice,   provi
nut lime to be
Always is it  safest fnr the
io r vnt Ivo stylo, which, like
plainer costume tu  ne oi   ine cuuservauve srvie, wuicu,   HKO
tho rilling habit, varies little frum year to year; the modi	
longlh half lilting coat having smnll rovers, fastened with
bone buttons, with a uarrow turn down velvet collar, or hav
ing collar and rovers of the material, no cuffs, hut the sleeve
tinislui.l ill,, tha sleove of a ridino habit.    But as there arc
verely simple, fashion
....ts with fancy buttons
ml to break tho too hard
many women who do uut cure for th  ,	
decrees that lliere can be shorter jackets with fancy button
aud bias folds or bands of tiie
All sorts of velvet ai
veteuns and corduroys in
made up and are vory sin;
linos as the cloth costuuo
i* in fashion for the winter. Vel-
colors and black are already being
rt. They are modelled on the same
bnt nre, If possible, plainer. Gilt
buttons, satin rovers and braid are correct trimming, but
tho plainer the style lbo smarter it is considered. Purple,
green, sombre gray and black are all popular colors, both for
velveteen and corduroy, and if tiie hitter fabric be chosen
the large cord is selected, aud if a contrast in color is desired
it is obtained by tho waistcoat of cloth or satin, which is
further enlivened by snino ornamentation of gold or silver
embroidery, only a little, however, for, as has boon said, the
plainer the effect the smarter is it considered.
The medium length emit, the nut too scant but plain skirt,
are safe models lo copy, Sleeves also are, simple, small, in
coat sleeve shape, with absolutely flat cuff of the same muter in I as ihe gown, aud roach to the wrist. Mado in vol
vetecn, corduroy or rough woollen such gownH are bound to
bc satisfactory. A charming model fur n more elaborate style
of cloth costume is of satin finished black cloth, the skirt with
soam in front, circular sidg£t but most carefully fitted so that
thoro shall be no flare, with double box pleat'or plain back,
with two narrow folds of blacK velvet across the front
breadth, a medium longth coat with flat circular side piece
fitted just as carefully os tho Hide* of the skirt, rovers o'
Does not contain Alum
IT hus been estimated that of the
100,000,000 horses in the world,
about 80,000,000, or foiir-fifths of
the whole number, exist iu the temper
/ones, and thut nearly all of these
t" be found iu Occidental conn
tries. '
The remaining twenty millions, scattered throughout the tropics, ure suid
ti» be but poor representatives of the
llll limit  as   it   Is   known   to   the   peoples
ol   America uad   Kurope.
The horse's enfryll.fi capacity ranges
from ICO to 200 pounds. Tile llama
ean carry from 00 to 200 pounds; the
donkey from 100 to 200 pounds; the ox
from lot) to 200 pounds; the camel from
.'t."u tn .100 pun li da; and the elephant
frum 1,800 to 8,500 pounds.
Recollections of His Majesty's Fostcr-
TO have nursed und brought up a
King is au experience very few
people cun look back upon, bu'.
there is a woman alive today who can
boast that the boy she fostered years
ago has become the ruler uf the groute.t
nation In thc world—llis Majesty
George V. of Qfeat Britain, aud of our
vast dominions beyond the sous.
That woman is Mrs. Ann Huberts, and
she is nnw living in a quiet little America n village with her brother. She is
seventy-three yours uhi, aud she comes
from a very old Welsh family. Sho lived,
iu 1805; with her husband, who was a
respectable tradesman, carrying on the
business of a cowkeeper aud dairyman
near Buckingham J'a laee.
Mr-, Roberts happened to be very
frieiidlv with another Welshwoman- -a
Mrs. Junes, of Mill Street, Knights
bridge—who was a great favorite with
Queen Victoria, and whose duty it was
tu select and engage ull the wet nurses
fur the Koyal household. Mrs. Huberts
had always longed to become the fi.ster-
mother of a Koyal child, uud uue day
she mentioned the mutter to Mrs. Jones.
She wus then a comely young matron of
spleudid physique aud in the enjoyment
of perfect health.
"My surprise,'' she said, in aa interview, "may bo Imagined when good
old Mrs. .tones very earnestly informed
mo thet if such was my wish I need
go uu farther, ami that she then and
there appointed me to the position, provided the Royal doctors approved of her
After a thorough examination by oue
of the Itoyal doctors, Mrs. Huberts was
pronounced to be in overy way tilted
to become the foster-mother of a Koyal
Prince. Ho, leaving her own child to
the tender mercies of her family, this
Hue young Wolshwoumu duly reported
herself for duty at the Roynl nursery.
Little did she dream thnt while the buy
she was going tu foster was destined to
become King, the child sho was leaving
to the care of others- -her own littlo
bnby gill—was going to die.
Let. hor toll the tragic story in hor
own words.
"Soon after my departure from my
own nome—for I had left my own child
to be nursed and cured for by au older
sister, who, with servant-, also inaiiagod
the household—my bnby was taken ill,
but the fact was concealed from mo.
One of the Royal doctors called to see
her every morning ut my home, but she
passed away ou the eighth day, and I
was told that mv beautiful child was
"I shall nover forget tbat hour. Tho
cruel news brought ine instantly to my
knees on the flour of the Roynl nursery,
and it seemed to tut' Ihnt 1 would uever
again move from that position, for I
felt that I had boen transformed into a
block of cold ami inanimate marble on
the instant. Ves, iny littlo girl's death
was a sad blow lo me; but, having accepted such grave duties, I realized that
family troubles, should there be nny,
would never bo suffered to como to my
cars until it became quite imperative
that thoy should. I was kept iu this
position for aboul eleven months, and
when my services were no longer ro
quired King Kdwurd at that time
Prince of Wales    senl  for me from the
But among all the babies she has
cured for uot one appealed to Mrs. Rob
crts as did (leorge V. "Ilow ofleu I
ilu lulled him in my lap 1 could not toll:
thousands oi' timet*, of course," she
said; "ninl wb»"i Iho importance of my
charge would come lo me, how I would
wonder if ho would over come to thc
throne. I   huve   prayed   (iod
uiiitiy time!, should my boy Prince ever
be King, that Hod would bless his reign
and mnko him a wise uud groat ruler,
mindful of his high oflbe, of his Chris
tiuu duties, good to bis subjects, and -»
blessing tu tho world," Although the
old lady is now far across the sea, hor
daily prayer is, "(lod Keep iny Hoy,
lieurge V. "
HOW many people know how electricity is measured f Most people
know thut money is measured in
dollars, and Hour in pounds, and thnt
gas is measured iu cubic feet; but thc
measurement of electricity, tlmt is es
termely vague.
The writer recently questioned a uum
her of Individuals, met nt random, all
of whom are users uf electricity either
for lighting or fur power, as to jusl how
electricity was bought uud suld. In uo
instance was a reply obtained that wns
at all correct. A trolley conductor said:
"I don't know. Vou know wo do not
Imve lo know that. Ask the motorman,
he may know." The latter replied to
the query, "I don't know, but I think
they 'meter' it. just like gas." "Whal
do Ihey cull the measurement?" he was
asked further. '-Cubic leches, probab
ly," he repiled. A grocer, using both
electric light and power, was next ap
preached. "I can't tell you," he said.
"I do not understand it a't all, so 1 let it
alone. The collector looks at that meter
on the wall and charges me anything he
wishes. I guess it is measured in cubic
feet just like gas." A householder said
in reply: *1 have a watt meter in my
cellar, but all I knew is that on my bill
is something about kilowatt hours.
What that means I do not know," he
The fact is, that electricity, or
strictly speaking electric energy, is
measured iu kilowatt hours. A kilo
watt hour is practically the same as one
and one-quarter horsepower hours, sino
74tl watts equal one horsepower. The
watt is a rato of work just us a horsepower ia a rate of work. One tells how
hard the dynamo has to work, while the
other tells how hard a home or engine
hus to work to produce the required energy.
The measurement of electric power
muy bo simply explained thus: The
current outers the house and a certain
fraction passes through a small motor
contained in what is called a "meter."
The moving part of the motor, or arm
aturOj is con uee ted to nn ordinary
counter, such as used oa bicycles, gas
meters and automobiles. This system
oi toothed wheels is arranged to count
the number of watt hours of electricity.
A thousand watt hours is called a kilowatt hour, the prefix "Mio" always
means 1,000. A kilowatt hour costs
from three to (imi coats. If tho result is
desired iu horsepower hours, it is only
necessary to remember thut a Kilowatt
hour is Ihe same as oue and ouo quarter
horsepower hours. That is a horse
power hour costs throe fourths as much
as a  kilowatt hour.
The wattmeter is peculiar iu that it
measures power consumed. An instrument which measures the quantity of
electricity or "juice" is known as au
ammeter, because "quantity of electric
ity" is always measured in amperes. An
Instrument which measures the pressure
which drives the electricity is called a
voltmeter, since electric pressure is
measured in pounds. Tho wattmeter,
however, takes account of both pressure
aud quantity, that is, it multiplies the
volts by the amperes aud gives the re
Slllt ill watls. Volts multiplied by um
pores give watts, just OH pounds times
feot give horsepower, provided we as
Mime that lhe work was done in a cer
lain time, thut is, so much work done in
a second, or minute, or hour. The dvua
Mothers cun easily know when their
children are troubled with worms, und
they lose no timo iu applying the best
of remedie* Mother Craves' Worm
luo ur "generator'' furnishes a certaii
quantity uf energy iu kilowatts, hut
this amount of energy must be used fur
oue hour nel'ore one kilowatt hour cal
be charged. Two kilowatts for a half
hour would amount to the same thing.
Thus it is necessary not only to state
O.O rate of work iu kilowatts, but also
to state the time iu hours, hence the hill
stntes thut the cost hns been so much
for such and such kilowatt hours, that
is, so mnny kilowatts furnishing light
or power for so inaiiy hours. Kor example, 10,000 walls energy supplied fer
five hours would amount to 50,000 watt
hours ot   fifty  kilowatt  hours.
The ordinary sixteen candle power
lamp consumes energy at tho rate of
about fifty-five watts, since the pressure
oxorted by the generator is nbout lid
volts and each lamp allows oue half et
au ampere to tlow through it. This is
three and a half watts tn a candle
Now vou kuow all aboul  it.
7/    PILLS
rh..      --:*>
Vk kidnp r , t
.""i.i.^'i/ ■
and any painful alfUeUon prompt**
Teaetntm lu seat of trouble, itt—.
In*andaortbliif. Alaoiwtnoveaaoft
MS hm w_tm m goitre, weaa, cyite,
waaplar *U_m. 1Mb art* jorae,
•woumfci Mduciw VartooM Vein*
YariMMl* Brdrooale; enree et ralu
awtapiaitu. fake* ont eoraneeaaa*
Inflammation—Mot* laraeoeaa,
Acntfomirwriit*: "My wife bee
ba«n troublod wllli a raptured llrok
for U op IS years-no rot day of
nlgbt, Wa tried moet every knowa
mnwtj tor the  trouble—nothlii
pain and aee not miltered from inula
tfnoe the around or third application
Tha veins were largo and prominent—at thin tiim. almost InTirfhJe
wtlbnrf UHlaawttUhc. TMataaltnoetamlranlfl,but lib
aa near tiutntlbulean ararata ti W« gladly nram-
maud It tn any ana who mar tuffer In like manner."
Safe and pleaaant to ttfe-qulrklv alMorbtnl Into akin,
leaving it dry and clean. Heeuite like Uio alwve make
faith unnacaaaary. A*k your neltfilKin about Ik ITice
|L«M oi., fttOO-ll oa. bottle at (IriimrlKta ur deliver*!.
lloeklPfroe.   Manufactured only hy
W. F. VOUNB. P. 0. F« 210 Temple St., Sprfngflald, Man.
Ml Aim, UA, Me-tmt, <.«.*.. le>k
Ibe hrahM by MAUtin ROLR * niKNI CO.. WIe»lm,
THR lATIORiL MM * t HMirJL CO.. "I-I,.., * «3fc
fn, aad MMIMOl UON. UX, Lt*- r\mm-iW
Dr.Martel's Female Pills
Preaoribed and recommended lur woman'* al
Hants, a Kirotlfloally .prepared remedy o| proven
worth, Tha raault from their uh* la quick and
permanent. Por aale at #11 drtiR «toren.
Blue Cheviot Suit
ih and tin- home dressmaker will he ahle tu find among the
latest dosigus ninny curried out in thin fashion, even though
all gowns arc uuw provided with holla or girdles and trimmed
with crosswise, garulturos. The utruighl draporlen may bo
held in ut the waist hv a girdl,* and iTOBSed ou the skirt wltll
the hands nf trimming now so fitBhtoiiiiblO, but oeverMielesii
if they are of the proper iiialerial ami color the/ will still
give the lung line Ihnt is so tioeosmtry for a stunt figure. An
example of this met hod of dealing with the present fashions
for the bonollt of the stout ligure in shown iu a new doelgfi
Whloh is made of all uver embroidered ehilfou cloth and might
equally well be developed in brocade, of nut ton large a pat
tern, spangled net or laee or braided chiffon, The gown was
il princess hi shape save iu the front, when- Ihe front breadth
below lhe wills! was made of plain flit I (Toil a lilllo full. From
the shoulders a drapery of the pill 111 idiilfon vvas carried down
to the font of the go Wit, both back aud front und on both
Sides. This drapery uiniglM in light to tho shoulder was Jaid
in soft pleats down to the waist, when* il wai caught in by
rows of shirring. Beneath this tlm drapery hung free to lhe
bottom of the skirl, when- it WHS finished with a deep fringe.
Two bauds of the embroldored ■■ billon cloth crossed lln- drop
ery about half way down the skirt, oxtendlllg also across Ihe
full front of the skirl, Hnt these bauds did nut cut the lung
lino given by the drapery, because they wore not so Btronjj
In color us it wns. The gown was in shaded apricot tints and
the drapery color was the deepest one iu the costume.
1 mirSGry, and vvas pleased to lell me that
I had not only WOO Ills own esteem and
that of his beautiful Princess, but was
al steemod and rospoetod by all the
Koyal   household."
upon concluding her duties Mrs. Itob
erts WOI presented with fl massive gold
brunch bv Princess Alexandra (now
Queen Mother), who then told the faith
fill nurse that she was privileged .it all
times to refer to tin- little Prince ai her
Kiuu Kdward (theu I'linet of Wales |
gave her a costly gold watch, which bore
the following Inscription:
"To Mrs.  Koberts.
lu Remembrance of
H.B.H. Prince Oeorge."
Returning home, Mrs. Koberts found
that everything bud gone wrong with
her husband's business. Practically, he
was ruined—0 cattle disease, then rug
ing. had killed nearly all his cows. Mrs.
Huberts theu look up nursing as a profession, and for thirh' live years she
nursed children of the Mnulish nobility.
Mv being appointed to nurse ami foster
the Hist burn of the  Princess Christian
at Cumberland Lodge, Windsor, that,
firmly established her popularity. After
that'she tended the Duchess **f Aber
corn, the t.'ouutoss of Hnniskilieii. I«ndy
Vivian (now I*ady Swansea), l*ady
Church, and mnny others of tho lenu<
Ins families ot' the  realm.
nils of Attested Value.—Parmoloo's
Vegetable Pills uie the remit of enro
fni stud} of the properties of certain
roots nud herbs, and Ihe action of such
as sedatives and laxatives on the di-
goitivu apparatus.      The   success   Ihe
Compounders have met with attests the
value of their work. These pills have
boon recognised for many years us the
best cleansers of the system that cuu
be got. Their e\i'idlence was reeog
lii.'ed from the Hist aud tliey grow mure
popular  daily.
I* the way to
Save Money
Dross Woll
Try It I
Slmpt* •• Washing
Oyre Wool. Cotton, s.lh «. .Mim .i (;...„■• Vttt-at>
wilh llir SAMI !>>«•..Nn t'ltam-i! ul mlttehra I■ »*t
nitl lU-aiitilul Color* Ittit'iif*, fion. your |>rukicM er
Deal*! Srnd for (.olor (.'uid entlSTUHV Booklet 7a
Tbe  Joho-ioii -It 11 ti .i.N.hi Co , I iiiiiitJ.   Moiim-ul
■ut, —.*■*, Wcarr. W»t«rr *—*£_
Hurln, Fw Tour m)f* TrotMa*.     Tm
Wlll Llki Murine.    It fcolb*   *£__£_
i'aisr Drainln«.""Wi1M f*r-ftt^____
en*.  liuHM Ht* IUIM47 <-••■. t*n—
the an
i .,. m u. a. .at. an.
Shoot Strong and Evenly,
Are Sure Pire,
Will Stand Reloading.
They Always Get The Game.
Published   every   Saturday   at  Cumberland,  B.C.,  by
Ormond T. Smithe,
Editor and Proprietor.
Advertising rates pulli-hed elsewhere Id tin- paper,
Subscription price $1.50 per year, payable In ndvanoe.
Tho editor does not hold  himself responsible for views expressed by
t irrvuponilonta.
SATURDAY, NOV., 19,  1910.
What the Editor has to say.
The Citizen's League has taken up the matter of trying
to establish an Athletic Association in the City, and the Colliery Company, we understand, will be asked to contribute liberally towards the maintenance of such an institution.
That the request is not an unreasonable one, must be conceded, when the attitude of other large employers of labor towards institutions of this kind is taken into consideration.
One of tbe most effective influences for good, with wbicb
young men can be brought into contact, is the institution
known as the Y.M.C.A.
The total absence of namby-pamby coddling and the ap
peal to manliness, both physically and morally, of those  with
whom it comes in contact are irresistible and tbe work lias pro
duced some surprising   and altogether gratifying results ii
large cities and railway centres.
Perhaps no better example of practical results could be
cited than those obtained by railway Y.M.C. A.s, some of them
in our own province. A few years ago one was established at
a well known railway centre of the interior for the special use
of railway men. The officials of the road were not very sanguine of results and did not support it very liberally.
A short time since it was decided to extend the building
and a canvass of the citizens of the town was made. The Chief
of Police said when the institution was started he had not
much faith in it, but he found that it had greatly lightened hie
work in maintaining order in the town,
A train dispatcher was enthusiastic, he said: "The Y. M.
C.A. has saved me half the worry of my job. Before it was
started here I generally had to find my men in the saloons or
other low resorts. Now I tind them at the Y.M.C.A. and they
are always sober and ready for their work."
The improvements of conditions in that mountain city of
course reached the ears of the Montreal head office of the C. P.
R. In time a proposal was made to the Y. M. C. A. executive
to start an institution at what was then considered the worst
point on the company's system. In that town tliey were subject to every sort of vile temptation and drunkeiiess and accidents on the road were frequent. The experiment in the worst
town was so successful that the Y.M.C.A. subsidized by the
C.P.R. for the benefit of their own men have been established
at many other points. In three years the C.P.R. has expended
iu this work 81 (io.OOO. In twelve years the Grand Trunk has
spent S-21!5,000.
The reasons is tbat it pays.
Tbe attention that has been called, by letters to the preB>
to the fact that there are cases of scarlet fever ill tbe city, bus
bad tbe efi'ect we fear of arousing an exagerated idea anion;,
outsiders, and perhaps, too, among our own citizens as to tin
amount of tbis sickness there is in this city.
The fact of the matter is, that there are eight cases in
town and camp, and these cases are confined, to five houses.
The idea that these correspondents bad uppermost in their
minds, no doubt, was to impress upon the citizens the necessity
for tbe installation of a sanitary sewerage system, and their efforts in this direction are worthy of the highest commendation
but they bave perhaps not given sufficient thought to the eft
ept that these letters are likely to have upon the outside public, and thus we read in the press of neighboring towns exagerated reports of the prevalence of scarlet fever in the city,
which are liable to have a bad effect upon the town in a business way.
We therefore print the above  facts in order to show that
the outbreak is after all, a very slight oue, and to overcome to
some extent the bad ell'ect that such letters are likely to have,
Gr. m. MStQM
Practical  Watchmaker
All Work Guaranteed
Ili Wi Spill!.
. . NEXT TO TARBELL'S, Ironmonger . .
Dunsmuir Ave   : : :  Cumberland
Beadnell & Biscoe
gomox. B.g.——
S**a frontages anrt farming land for sale
Not the Cheapest, but the Best
Catalogue Free
Vancouver Island Nursery Co.,
Somenos, V.I.
Display Advertisements
75 cents per column inch per month.
Special rate {or half page ur more.
Condensed Advertisements
1 cent 1 word, 1 issue ; minimum charge 25 cents.
No accounts run for this class of advertising
Are you
If not
ill is?
In either case you should be interested in this
Carrying a full line of the very best
to solicit
and Jewellery
Also a
subscriptions to
• _     •
on commission
The present owner is making lots
of money, but will sell at a sacrifice
on account of
Will sell on the buyers own terms
The building and lot are also lor
sale cheap, or will rent on reasonable terms
Full particulars may be   ' .n
by communicating with
Cumberland, B.C.
During the month of November we give a Special Price on
every Suit in our store.
I suits ut ie si.
This is a genuine offer. Our stoek
is too large and MUST BE REDUCED. We would be very glad
to have you inspect for your
self the clothing we are offering
and see as to our values.
Simon Leiser Co., Ltd.
To the printer who
does good work.
Good printing is the
only kind we do, and
our prices are  reasonable
i.f ii*..
"Leading Tobacco King."
Better known as
Dealer In Fruits, Candy, Cigars
and Tobacco.
t__. Billiard Room in connection
Cumberland & Union Water-
works Co., Ltd.
Sprinkling will lie allowed onlv
between the limim ot 7 to t< n.m. nnd
7 U< 8 p.m.
Leaking taps must ho attended to.
An; cliangi'a nr additions to eiiming
piping mutt Iw aanctiont'd liy llie
A. McKnkiiit,
Barrister,   Solicitor   and !
Notary Public.
The finest hotel in the city.
Grocers & Bakers
Dealers in all kinds of Good
Wet Goods
Best Bread and Beer in Town
Agents for Pilsener Beer
Advertisement* umler thin hend l eont, l iyohI,
1 isxiie; sltictly tn advance.
Furnished Rooms to Let, opposite the
Wanted—Three Young Tigs ; sand price
snd particulars. T. A. L. Smith,
Hornby Island. jl9
Tno Linht Draft Teams, weight about
UUOlbs. Apply Shopland Bros.,
Sandwick. jll
For Sale—9 Milk Cows and 3 Huifers.
Apply H. S. Porteus, Hankshaw,
Couttauay. jl8
8 Roomed House snd Double Lot (or
Sale, chesp; or will rent furnished.
Mrs. Roe.
For Sale—Chicken Ranch 3 seres, dm .1
House (recently renovated), 300 laying
hens, brooder house snd outhouses,
orchard, good garden. Apply Mrs.
Hill, opposite Dr. Beadnull's, Comox.
Lost—A L:dy'sback comb set with
diamonds.    Reward ou returnirg to"L
The above will be paid to the person
giving information ahich leads to the
conviction of the party or parties who
shot snd killed my mare colt on the night
of Sept., 4>h, ill the vicinity of my S. K.
comer post. Address,.). Lawrence, Kji
Hay, Coram, R C.
Any person or persona wishing to
out any fallen timber on City Park
Lots are at liliiTIv tn cut nnd can
snme away for thoir own use.
Any standing limber must not lie
cut or destroyed.
Any person or persons found dump
ing garbage or refuse on same will be
lly order of tlio Cily Council.
A. McKinnon,
City Clerk.
City Hall, Aug. 19th, 1010.
Notice to Advertisers.
Change advertisements for
Saturday mornings issue musl
he in this office not later than
10 a.m. on Thursday,
Of all the Latest Patterns and made of the
BEST MATEEIA; , beautifully finished.
We are sure ice can phase yon as ice have a big  selection
for you it, choose from
A new arrival ol NEW SUITS.    As yon
know, these Clothes Bpeak for themselves.
r   Stoves and Ranges,
Builders Hardware, Cutlery,
Paint, Varnishes, Arms and Ammunition, Sporting Goods,
The McOlary  Manufactuing
Sherwin-Williams Paints
The Furniture Store.
GUI. Sii'jv IS i^„ ,-.,._ OF NEW GOODS
We have just received another large consignment of Dressers, Cheff-
onieres, Buffets, China Cabinets, Diners, Music Cabinets and
Rockers in quarter cut oak and mahogany.
You Are Invited to call and Inspect our Stock.
The Furniture Store"
McPhee Block A.  McKINNON      Cumberland, B.O
Pilsener Beer
The product of Pure Malt and
Bohemian Hops
Absolutely no chemicals used
in its manufacture
25= Best on the @oast=ss
Pilsenep Brewing Co..    Cumberland. B.C.
See  us  about your
next printing job
Prints everything
"Marvelous Discovery
Montreal  Man So  111  With Dyspepsia
Thought He Would Die
Cured by Dr. Hamilton's Pills
No moro convincing evidence wa.s
ever put on papoi than tho following
letter from ono >>f' Montreal's well-
known citizen, M r, 0, U. Lnroso, of
338 Joliette Street
*' Permit nn' to n • ito ymi a few
worda concoruiug Mr. Hamilton's Pills,
1 suffered from dyspepsia nnd indigestion for Hvo yours, 1 suffered so much
that I could hardly attend to mv work.
I wn- wcah und lust all courago, I on-
joyod no rest until 1 decided tn follow
your treatment, after having read your
advertisement in the imper. To my
greni surprise I immediately begau to
Pool liftti*r. I am uow usin^ the second
box aiul I feel mi well that I want to
tell   vmi   1h.it   I   -.we   1 liis   meat   chnnge
tn your famous  pills,      I   rouommond |
thom tn every person who is Buffering
frmn dvspopsfn.   Vour gratoful servant,   .
D.  It, Lnrose, ;<;is Joliotta St.,  Mont 1 'IV,|
real,  P.Q."
Let all who have weak stomnehs, and]
those who suffer with Indigestion, hoad I
aches, biliousness, know thoy can In* |
perfectly cured hy l>r. Hamilton's Pills.)
Successfully used for many years, mild
ami safe. 25c pet box, all dealers, or
The Catarrh ozone Co., Kingston, Out,
That Reminds Ne
T^ilK story is told of nn Iranian who,
while talking with a friend, passed
jewelry store where there was a
lot. of precionB stones in the window.
"Would you not like to have your
pick!" asked  Pat
"Nut me pick, but a shovel," said
CLERK; "May I have a day's leave
tomorrow, sir? It is my mother-
in-law's funeral.''
Employer: "My dear Bateman, this
must n'l occur ngain. Last week your
wife died, am) now your nntl her in law
is going to be burled. You must arrange things better iu your family and
see that  they happen in the holidays."
TIIK huge rneing machine shot by al
a speed of sixty miles an hour.    Its
horn played a fanfare as it missed
a ditch nt the turn of the road by about
s,   "Gee," gasped the lirst on
kor,   '' what   kind   of   a   tune   was
thnt?''    " Don'l  know," said the second, "bnt it Ought tn have been 'Near
er, my (iml. to Thee." "
I01!.N.'*"Y'S father took him to the
olliee, ami there the youngster saw
the stenographer come in lute aud
tako the cover off her typewriter,
" Look a' that! " exclaimed Johnny.
'•She lifted the garage right off the
A FASHIONABLE photographer has
undoubtedly   achieved   the   pinnacle of tactful Jiehievenieut.  A
woman  with a decided  squint  camo to
him for a photograph.
" Will you permit, me," he said
promptly, "to take your portrait in
profile. There is a certain shyness
about one of your eyes which is as difficult in art. as it is fascinating in until re."
IT  is taking some time  fnr the  flood
of  stories uncut   the discovery  of
the Nortli Pole to sweep past. .Along
comes this belated  oue  from  old   Ken
Tin1 owner of a  plantation said to a
favorite darky:
"Mose, they've discovered the north
PpURPIN, the Inventor of the oxplo
X      slve melinite, wus  the   lirst   to de
dare   that   liglit   is   nothing   but
matter  eust   oil'   by   incandescent   suns.
falling incessantly through space.   The
theory is that this radiant matter i>
nut seen traversing space, lirst, because
the stars distil it in a cold and dark
condition, and, second, because it is
so rarefied, so line, nnd set subtle that
it escapoa the most delicate instruments'
of observation, revealing itself only
whon it i-onii-s in contact with ob
The effect of the shock of the east
off solar matter as it strikes the stars
is similar to the effect of the water's
shock when it strikes the edges of a
reef; the light produced speaks of the
impact of the falling matter "* "
stars, as the silver fringe
foam speak uf tli
both eases the cause  produ
,lth  tli
of the sen'*
shock of the sea.    In
ell'ect.      The    intrinsic    weight    of    the
rain  t*f  impalpable  atoms  is  insignlli
cant; the whole mass amounts tu not J)
iug: Imt, on lhe other hand, as the
■peed of the mass is tremendous (300,
000 kilometers per second), the pro
duetiou of force is great.
The rotation of the earth ami other
celestial bodies seems to be explainable
iu uo other way. The molecular bom
bardment forces the earth to turn on
its orbit and on its axis, as a top turns
when whipped by a child. The earth
turns, not by the contraction of an
internal spring, but under the external.
tangential pressure of the material
power of the sun. as a turbine turns
when its wings ure struck by a current
of air nr by a jet of water.
When this problematical theory was
presented by Turpin, seventeen years
ago, the Bnvuuts laughed. Turpin hnt]
just, come nut of prison, and it was sup
posed that captivity had driven him
mad, though the idea had already been
given lo the world liy Kepler and oth
ers. The tneotv was talked about until
it was superseded by that of "ail
waves,'' and the explanation of the
transmission nf lightwaves bv impon
dernble othor.
About the time when Turpin publish
ed his theory, another savant, J.ehedew.
demonstrated the pressure of light by
suspending a metal disk by a very finely I the Celt
twisted thread. Ile hung his disk in
the air in the direct line of action of
light. Lehedcw's experiment was dlf
fieult and of the utmost delicacy; all his
results were recorded, and, when com
pared with the calculations of the scion
tisfs who followed him, found to coincide in every respect.
At Ihe present time few dispute the
theory 'tf light pressure. To the pros
sure of light is attributed the form as
we|| us the peculiar movements of the
tails of comets, which stretch 'tut in
a direction opposed to the sun, as if
driven back by a repelling force. Nidi
ols ami Hull demonstrated the prossun
THK day before she was to be married  the  old  negro servant  camo
to her mistress and entrusted her
savings in her keeping.
"Why should 1 keep it? I thought
you were going to get married?'' said
her mistress.
"So I is, Missus; but dn yon s'pose
I'd keep all dis money lyin' 'round de
house wiil thnt strange nigger?"
WHAT you want tu do is to have
thut mudholo in the road fixed,"
said the visitor.
"That goes to show," said Parmer
Corntossel, "how little you reformers
understand local conditions, ['vo pnrty
nigh paid off a mortgage with the money 1 made hnulin' automobiles out o'
that mudhole."
IN a title triangular space in Connecticut avenue in Washington there
ia a handsome statue of the pod,
Longfellow. A young society girl of
the city was riding past it in au automobile with a friend souu after it had
been unveiled.
'' Why, what statue is that.?'' she asked.
'' Longfellow *s,''    replied    the   older
"t)h,   I  don't   see what  they  wanted
to put a statue of him there for,"
jeeted the girl.    "All he ever did w
tu in ii r iv Roosevelt's daughter."
A NOTED clergyman was in his study
writing     when     his     o yeur-ol-l
(laughter walked in und asked:
"What are you writing, pap?"
"I am writing a sermon, my dear. "
"How  do  you   know  what  tn  write,
papa V'
"God tells mo what to write."
After watching her father a few min
tttes, the little girl said:
"Papa, if Ood tells yon what tu write,
why do yon scratch some of it out."
A SON of Ireland was painting a
fence surrounding a house in one
nf the suburbs nf Chicago, llis
face wore a troubled look; but suddenly
it brightened, and. dipping his brush
into the paint-pot, he begun to paint
faster and faster.
"Why  are  you   in   such   a   hnrry   to
finish   the   jolt!"   ;i   passer bv   chanced
to ask.
•  I   haven't  much   paint   left."  said
it's   linishin '   the   job
I'm after before the paint's all gone!"
AN exchange recounts the following
conversation   between   a   minister
and a man whose wife was buried
that day.
"My brother," said the preacher. "I
know that this is a great grief that
has overtaken yon, and though you are
compelled to mourn the loss of this
one, who has been your companion
and partner in life, I will console you
with the assurance thnt there is another
who sympathizes with you and seeks
to embrace you in the arms nf unfail-
•ll   the   old   negro
at |
• author, engineer, and professional
optimist, tells n story showing
that Huston bovs of the street are like
all others, lle overheard a conversation
between two yuunjpters selling news
"Say, Harry. Wat 's de best way
to teach a girl how tii swim?" asked
Iho younger one.
"Hat's a cinch. Pi rat off you puts
yer left arm under her waist and you
gently takes her left hand"—
"Come off; she's mv sister."
"Aw, push her off d'e dock."
Where the Methods of the  American
Press  Differ From  Those  in
ijMfOM   one point  of  view  the Crip
pen  case  has been  extremely ro
markable:  the attitude of the po
lice   has     changed   completely   toward?
pressmen, as never before had the press
With the Horses
DAN PATCH has been permanently
retired from the racing and
speed exhibition stage. According tu the statement of M. \v. Suvage,
his owner, the great horse will never
be askod to start in attempts to lower
world's records. Han Patch has done
his share uf work and his life from
this time on will be spent iu enjoying
a well-earned rest, in watching other
huruess horses struggle to lower his
records ami in perpetuating his great
ness through his get. He will travel
during the coining summer and fall
as an attraction at fairs all over the
unltod States, where he will be ex
Ili bi tod in special stalls so that people
can see him nt. close range. He will
still be under the care nf Charlie Plum-
mer, who has hardly left Ihe horse
night or day for the past seven years.
For ten \eurs Dan Patch has stood
alone iu the ha mess horne world for
manners, disposition, courage, gnmt-
ness and speed, lle hns paced seventy three miles under two minutes.
He has lowered the world's record
fourteen times, and he now holds seven
world's recordH. Last fall at Phoenix.
Ari'/.ona, he paced two miles in 8.03VJ
and 2.02'{i wit hunt any fast preparation, Kurly in the seanon he slightly
injured une leg nn a hull' mile track
and this bothered him some last fall.
These two miles at Phoenix were pho
nomenal on account nf his having ao
practical preparation, and some horse
men consider them the greatest of his
Dan Patch's life and performances
show a never failing greatness, a consistency and wel! rounded greatness
that elevate him in the estimation of
men. Dan's life story is au inspiration
and an object lesson to breeders. It
tells of intelligence, strength, and endurance. Some horse like Minor Heir
may equal some of his records, but it.
wilt take more than the lowering of
records to take from Dun Patch the
glory of his lung career,
been takeu su completely  into the con
lidence of Scotland  Yard.      Instead of
the  pressman  receiving the cold shoulder,  he  has beeu encouraged  in giving
the  greatest  publicity   to  the  fads  re
ganling the case.
This change  is due to the  fact  lhat
the police have recognized that  one of
their   greatest   aids  to  justice   is  wide
publicity.     When   at   times  the   news I;i
papers  may  divulge  information  likely!'
lo hamper thi- police in their iuvestii'u I  ' ...        , -, 	
turns,   on   the   whole   the   balance   iTha horses.    Statwt.cs   show   that   a   large
preponderance ot the deaths trom colic
occur   among   immature   wurk   animal
Horse buyers at markets are more
en re fni now t ha n at a ny ot her time
of year to lake only horses with full
mouths lo put right into hard work. [
The three and four year olds showing
up now go into feeders' bauds. A colt
cannot endure as much hardship as a
mature horse, and at this season, when
the weather limits a louse's working
capacity, it is nf the utmost import
ance to have a hardened hnrso for any
xacting work. Colts are mine subject
and  tu overheating than  older
The a?orage breeder would do well
to have a self feeder. This does not
mean that a stallion should be put on
full feed, hut a cheap self-feeder may
be made in a box with a crack under
it of about one inch, ao that as the
stnllion eats the feed, more will run
into his feeding box. This wil! force
him  tu eat  slow.
Most idle stallions eat too rapidly,
while others throw a great deal of their
feed out aud waste it. By eating slowly they get more benefit of the  feed.
Peed given through a self feeder
should always be dry. A feeder of this
kind can be used for shelled corn or
small grain.
Corn of any kind is uut good feed
for breeding stock. A little of it may
be fed without mueh injury, but the
principal teed should be oats aud Nnu.
With clover hay or a [mrt alfalfa hay
with some other kind of hay, oats alone
is the best feed. While prairie hay is
ted. oats and bran of equal parts by
measure is a very good feed.
Thi- quantity a stnllion should have
musl be left, to the feeder. The general condition of the horse and his bow
ds   sllOllId   b"   the   guide.
It should always be remembered that
nn idle stallion'should not have as
much feed as oue which is requited tu
du much actual labor, If a stallion ia
required to work, then a little cum
may be fed; but corn, as a rule, is too
heating tor stallions and jacks.
INSURANCE has been made to cover
almost every happening iu Kngland,
sucll as the death of the sovereign,
climatic conditions a If eet iug the sue
cess of a pageant, a horse show, an agricultural fair, etc., aud uow a new
form of Insurance has been inaugurated
which will enable persons whose holidays have been marred by rain to obtain, under certain conditio is monetary
Underwriters are prepared to insure
against one tenth of an inch of rain
falling on moro than two days a week
at any towns ou tin1 south and eaat
coasts uf Kngland between Bournemouth and Scarborough, where the
daily rainfall is either oilicially published or where satisfactory records can bc
Ppou the pnymunl of 7s. fid. ($1.82),
for which a policy will be issued for
seven days, compensation is agreod to
be paid at Ihe rate of 10s. ($2.*IH) per
day on excess of two wet days; 10s.
insures against an excess uf four wet
days  in  a   fortnight;   12s,   'id.   ($3.04)
of light  bv  producing  the phenomenon I '"£. ruv,u.'     ,     , ,    ,
Thev put a few pinches of e.nerv pow   ,   '" !,,ls ,llfl lM'm,vr'1 huabnml renlipd
ciium,   like   an   ,,v !lJ,liing ;is he ga/ed  into the  miuis-
her  nam
JOHN UAVS HAMMOND, the mining!10 heeP public, iuterost  in th
engineer,   tells   the   story   of   how I tonaiou,   Die   mosl    innocent    fad
put a lew j
der   and   pollen   i. ,	
hourglass; and as they turned the pow !,,,, \J.M1
der  from  one part   of  the glass to the!     "
other [mrt. thev east ravs of light ou the
falling dust.    Thr  lightest   of the  full
iug dust was driven back as If repulsed
by the liglit.    The illuminated dust  hail I Tombstone, Ariz., came inlo being
every    upnenroneu    ol     a     miniature      '|\v0 brothers t led Sc'hofflln, Kd. an.l
(,|,n"'1 s ,:uI [.lake, had been prospecting for gold In
Scientists  are   nut   ,\ei   ready  to  say,Arizona, and tho* flnollv lift Ihelucalilv
with Turpin, that the fall of light give i wl)i..h  „..IS |ill(1,.'to |)(1  |(I|(JWH llrt 'Poml't
1,1 ,l1 I*8 rotary impulsion,    iiohe- atontfi   '| i)Py got down so doep that .Take
dew and Ihe people who -hare his belief \ ,,.„,   ,() ,|iL,' ,|,e  earth  and   load   it   on   11
say that   the  pressure  of  radiation   l»Uuekot,  which   Ed. would  draw up bv
very feeblo, even in tho tropica, where Worklng  „   windlass   on   tho  surface,
the light  is stronge-t. being hardh   "nc ;,,„., ,|.IV  (.;,[   ,.),![,.,) ,|mvn  ,„ j„|(0 ,|iat
pound t" Ho- square kUometui i1(. Baw'somo Indian-' in th" distance.
___________^—__—       "Then   skip."  called   up .Inke.  "' be
cause this is golti" to be a greal gold
It Has Many Qualities,- Hie man , cninp, and you can't save mc from thoso
who pitssessea :■ bottle of Dr. Thomas'Idevils. But, when It's safe, come back
KoloctHc 'hi i.« armed against many Innd put up a tombstone on my grave."
ills. It «i!l cure a cough, break up ill Neither one had to skip, "ami they
cold, prevent sure throat; it will reduce finally struck il rich. \ few years ago
the  swelling   from   :i   spruin,  cure  the;.Mr. Hammond was talking to one of the
most peralstnnl  - snnd will s| Illy INcliolllln brothers ami nsked to he shown
heal cuts and  itlisloiis,    |f  is ;, mud I 'the  uriginal   papers  locating  tl In ilil
ci host  in  itsolf, and can  be gol   for   t«t   the   mine.     He   r I   it.   and   Tomb
a quarter of a dollar. stone was spelled "Tnamotoon."
| We guarantee the
perfect quality and  7
absolute purity of
the tobaccos used in
the manutactureof
been on the olher side.
Time after time the press has been
instrumental iu bringing criminals to
book whon the police had to admit
their complete helplessness. Thus, Le
froy, the railway murderer, was run to
earth through the work of the news
livery police station in tho country
had fail particulars regarding the man
who wus wanted, tugether with a poi
trait; but no good came nf this method
of publicity. Then, one day, a newspaper came out with a portrait of the
man. The proprietoi of a wretched little bulging house recognized the portrait as being that of a man who had
stayed in the house. The result was
the almost  immediate arrest of Lofroy,
At last tue ultra conservative police
officials in the Old Country have realized that one of their chief instruments
is the press. All the same, the American pressmen were greatly surprised at
the rebuffs they received at the hands
of thc New Scotland Yard police official,
The newspaper correspondents in
Quebec were extreme' irritated at
what they styled the "Knglish" man
aer iu which the inspector conducted
his case, that official withholding iu-
i ni mat ion which is usually given to
journalists in America. Most of the
reporters considered that they ought tu
be allowed to interview the prisoners,
ami get their "full story " lor publica
In the United States the newspaper*.
own their own deetective forces, there
being special reporters attached to the
big American newspapers, wlm spend a
great portion of their time in shadowing
suspected persons, with the object of obtaining clues of'value in criminal cases.
In this way crimes are frequently nip
ped in the bud, or the perpetrators are
rapidly brought to .justice. As, however, it is the object of the newspapers
woven iniu an elaborate tissue uf scare
news, "' fads'' being manufactured
wholesale in the race foi Hcnesntlonul
Doubtless, the official police to many
cases obtain material of great import
ance from the Dress in conducting criminal iiKptiries, but in many ruses the
criminal receives aid. Kvery particle
uf int orma tion \< reported) even the
movements of' lhe police, su Hint the
public innv have full Information, As
a result, tin- criminal frequently learns
exactly  his best  way to escape.
The newspaper detectives are em
ployed in a manner which' wuuld uot be
tolerated in Kngland, for liberty has de
generated into license. The American
press in fad, has usurped ihe functions
■if the Criminal Investigation Depart
meat, and, without nnv authority what
Over, has constituted itself an iudepoud
ent police organisation.
There is no mock modesty about the
newspaper detective, and, without the
slightest consideration for other people's
feelings, the men rake out everything
which has the slightest connection with
any euuse cnlebre. Where the official
policeman would be deterred frum going
by reasons uf common decency, the
newspaper reporter will rush iu, ttie pri
vote home possessing no sanctity.
Not only is this so, but if information
is not forthcoming in response to his
cheeky cross-examination, he will take
cure thnt his paper contains some
damaging allusions tu the persons who
have cold shouldered him. The result
is that perfectly innocent people are
held up to public odium, the detective-
reporter, with the must brazen impnd
ence. bringing to light every ftieA of a
damaging and sensational nature.
Headaches     and     Neuralgic     Patar
Promptly   Cured   by
Where there are frequent attack! ti
Neuralgia and Headaches, there m-
always Constipation, Weakness of ths
Kidneys and Blood Poisoning.
Non-action of the bowels compels
the blood to absorb foul matter whleh
should havo passed from ths body.
Weak Kidneys fall to (liter from ths
blood the necessary amount of waste.
The blood thus becomes poisoned
and It Is this poisoned blood which
hurts the nerves and causea Neuralgia and Headaches.
"Prult-n-tlves," mnde from frntt'
Juices, acts on thc bowels and kidneys
and Is the greatest blood purifying
medicine In tho world.
"Frult-a-tives" is sold by all dealen-
at &0c a box, 6 for $2.50, or trial wiza,
25c, or may bc obtained from Prult-a-
Ws, Limited, Ottawa.
days iu three weeks, while I6fl. ($3.M)
insures against au excess of six wet
days in a period of twenty eight day«.
lu each of these instances thc componm
tion is 10s. (*2.4.'t) a day for thc day*
iu excess of the prescribed number ef
wet days. If the insured desires tt
double the nmount iu the way of prea
ium, he receives double the umouit
as compensation. If higher COUipoOH
tion dsesi e.nk    c mouth o.
tion in desired, a proportionately higkvr
premium will be charged, Tho under
writers will accept a certificate of tht
Hritish liainfnll Organization as evt
deuce of rainfall. The policies will pre
vide that tin1 greater portion of the one-
tenth of an inch of rain, the quantity
which by the terms of the policy wifc
constitute a wet day of twenty feui
huurs,  must   fall during the duylime
Coma   cripple   the   feet   and   make
walking  a   torture,  yet   sure   relief,   i»
^^^^^^^^^^      the shape of Hollo way's i'oru (Jure, iq
excess   of   sxi   wet   within  reach of all.
The colt lias less digestive capacity
uid more strain put upon it. Part of
his feed must go into completing thc
formation uf hard bone, aud the ex
pausiun .of muscle, generally described
as lilting out. It is impossible to keep
a colt in as si rung flesh as an older
liorse working beside him, and it is
equally Impossible to keep the vitality
of the youngster up to so high n pitch.
It is risky business to put a colt into a
very hard place iu the hands of a careless diiver at this time of the year; and
the colt is uot wanted ou the market
ther. lie must be favored as much
as possible in the work and kept ou
the farm until the weather moderates.
A few hours of impatient or careless
rushing of a tired youngster may ruin
him for life, even if it docs not cut
his life short.
Under almost all circumstances it is
butter nut tn allow the colts to follow
the mures. Holts suffer au undoubted
Injury from following doggedly along
mile after mile with their dams in the
tield or un llie road. Kveryoue who
has allowed cults fo follow is familiar
with the tired, lifeless habit they de
velnp. A still', spiritless gait, an un
shapely, thin body ami stunted growth
nre common faults uf such colts. They
have literally been put to work prac
tically from birth, and their constitu
tlotis are uot equal to the strain. A
colt cannot work and erow as he should
all at the same time. The exercise he
would naturally take in a day is only
a small fraction of the amount he
takes in following the tunic. Theu, too,
the worl; of following along at a walk
iu the tields does nut bring all his
muscle into play as docs a jumping,
ten ring, romp with his body twisted
aud squirmed into a hundred eon tor
tions. Moreover, a colt is a great Iiiii
drnnce in tne Held: he gets lost or fob
lows some nther team away on the rond.
When the team is doing light work
thai does not tin- the colt, he is con
liuually into mischief aud is liable to
get hull. Again, at the most iticon
vetiient times, he tukes a few swallows
from the maternal fount. Taking all
ihesc hindrances together, much time
is losl. While the cults are very young
it Ih letter for them if the mares can
be driven to the bum in (he middle of
each half day so the youngsters eau
suck, and this ordinarily takes lost,
time (huu ihe colls would waste In the
tleld. It i- not snfe to lake the colts
to the field and tie ihem up. Wheu
left iu this way, Ihey can lind more
ways of tangling themsehes up than
you    Would    believe    |tossilde. Many
colts have been choked to deuth in this
way. A tight box stall with a little
oat's and hnv tu nibble is the best place
for col's in the dnytlllio until they can
become accustomed to being separated
from their dnms. After they have be
come reconciled lo this they can be
turned out into the pasture when the
mares are taken out to work and will
soon lenrn to be al the gale at noon
and night, ready for refreshments.
The feeding of stallions is one of
the most important subjects iu the
breeding business. A stallion must be
well conditioned to be ready for ser
vice. Some men are experts along this
line, while uthers are continually hav
ing sick horses or horses out of condition.
Sackett Plaster Board
The Empire Brands of Wall Plaster
The Manitoba Gypsum Co., Limited
wnmiFio, max.
Write for full particulars to—
Dominion School of Accountancy and Finance
D. A.Pender,i'.A.     D.Cooper,('.A.   .1. ll, Young,l'.A     s. 1{. Klaudors,LL.B.
T»»r Dra»U.   Will Tell  T*a
Murine Rf Remedy Believes Bore Byeft
Ibrenrthene Week Byea. Doeen't Smert,
Soothes Eye Pain, and Sella for ete. Try
Murine In Tour Kyc» end In Baby's
Kyea (or Seely  Eyelidi end Granulation.
Regarded an one of the most potent
compounds ever introduced with which
to combat all summer complaints and
inflammation nf the bowels, Dr. .1. D-
Kellogg'M Dysentery Cordial has won
for itself a reputation that uo other
cordial for the purpose can aspire to.
For young or old Buffering from these
complaints it is ue best medicine that
ean  be procured.
Gas Engine Oil
Is the Only Oil You Need for
Gasolene and Kerosene Engines
It provide* perfect lubrication under high
temperatures without
appreciable carbon deposits on rings or cylinders, and is equally
good for the external bearings.
Capitol Cylinder Oil
delivers more power, and makes the engine
run better and longer with lest wear and tear,
because its triction-rcducing properties are
exactly titted to the requirements of steam
traction engines and steam plants.
Mica. Axle Grease
makes lhe wheel it nearly frklionless at possible tnd reduces the wear on axle and box.
It endt tile troubles, saves energy in the
horse, and when used on axles of traction
engines economizes fuel and power.
Granite Harvester Oil
insures better work Irom the new machine
and lengthens the life of the old. Whenever bearings are loose or boxes worn it
takes up the play and acts like a aisbion.
Changes of weather do not affect it.
.tmy 4okr iwpabi,    If aat st ram, wriet las i—asaaaiaa dnalua _
The  Imperial   OU   Company.   Limited
Steam Traction
Steam Planta
Traction Engines,
Wagons, Etc.
Hunting Bison in Southern India
By W. R. UUbert
I UAD boou Hnme mnntlis ill tho country, un tliis my gecoud visit, nnd
my lot wus rust ninongst tho wood-
vd hills of Truvancort, uud having shot
various luiasts of small importtiui'u, like
most now urrivuls, wus ulwuys yeurn-
ing for a tiger, worrying my friends
for information: till J am sure they
must have wished that 1 eould find ouo
that would remove me from their midst.
Hut all to no purpose, and for tho vory
simple reason that lliere was not a tiger
in tho place.
I'.nrly one morning I was returning
from ouo of manv all-uiglit vigils in a
tree, when the sliikari who accompanied
'mu pointed lo something on the ground,
"Whnt is it?" I asked, too sleepy to
c.aro, yet Imping it might lie the fresh
track of a leopard. "Hisun, sahib," he
replied, using the local name, which
now I cannot I'emeinlier. I looked, and
there, impressed deeply in the mud,
were what appeared to lie the lioiif-
marks of a bullock. Now, 1 hud been
told that bison sometimes visited the
neighborhood, but, having heard of none
since my arrival, had como to regard
the information as oae of the legendary
associations of the place. As lho evidence soeiucd conclusive, and tho shikari declared the tracks to bo quite
frosh, my interest wns aroused, nnd
every other beusl I had seen or ovor
board of sank into iiisigniflcutice.
On my arrival lit the bungalow I was
mot by my "boy," who, despite his
siity years, still retained Ibis youthful
title, nnd who, amongst his mauy solf-
claimed virtues, possessed some sporting instincts, and 1 could seo from the
old boy'a face that he had something
important to impart, and on coining 111
lator with lllj tea, he told lile he had
scon soiiiii bison ou il certain hill a little
diatanco off. "lint how do you know
they wero bisoni" 1 inquired, wondering how he could have seen lliein, since
tin bill itself was not. visible from Ihe
bungalow. "I see them myself—four
cows and one bull cow," lie replied
promptly, never at a loss for details H
lie thought Ihey would Iio welcome—
jn accomplishment common with most
natives. In this particular instance,
however, tho Information wns fairly
mcurate, as lie had .inst obtained it
from a coolie, whom I questioned shortly afterwards, and who had seen the
animals on his wav to "muster."
As I could no I.mger doubt the beusts
nero there, I determined to follow them
nn as soon as possible: but knowing the
climb would be a still' one. I sent a
.mny halfway ou, nnd nn hour later followed on another, tho horsokoopor following with mv rilie. Although the bill
wus barely three miles from Uie bungalow, to reach Ita summit il was necessary
io traverse m'ore thnn twice thnt distance, the greater part of it being by a
winding stony path llttlo bettor thuu a
gnat track.
\n hour of stondy climbing brought
as nenr the top. Afraid In go further,
I dismounted, lenvinc the pony, and
^rcnt cautiously along on foot. But, in
spito of all my care, 1 had evidently
ticen too noisy, fnr as I reached the
summit, and hnd raised my head on a
level with the plateau, lhe last bison of
tiie herd was disappearing into the pun-
ale. It was useless to attempt to follow
them, for the cover was loo dense to
allow of noiseless stalking. I accordingly droppod back to the puny, and.
taking charge ol' it myself, seal the
coolie around I" n neighboring ridge,
whieh commuiiilod a spot where the
jungle ended, lo wulch, and, If the animals emerged, to report to mo nt once.
About three quarters nl' all hour atter,
lie came running bach In say that the
herd had .just left the .jungle, and were
Brazing in the vallev hall' a mile bolow.
ThiB waa the verv thing 1 had hoped
fur. and as the valley in question lay
between two jungles, by mulling n dolour 1 could approach them irimi lhe
other aide, where the cover seemed
much lighter and Ihe wind nil in iny
I took the rllle, and, keeping to my
right, crossed the valley a long way
further down, and thus gained the opposite cover at a spot which I had cal-,
ciliated would be nbout a quarter of a
mile from tho herd. Hut, although the
valley stretched In front of mo for halt
a mile or more, lliere was nothing to ie
soon. 1 walked noiselessly along tho
edge, keeping uivself concealed ua much
as possible, for I now began to fear
that the bison, too. had crossed over to
the side aad were in lhe same junglo an
myself; hence I hud to be more careful.
I had proceeded In lhis wav for per
haps three quarters of n mile in a sluln
of anxiety and sus| se, when I noticed
thnl the valley scorned to bo coming to
an end, as if llie jungles on both sides
woro converging and would presently
unite. Mv spirits sank to zero ut the
. thought, Cor Bhould tho valley prove to
. be a "cul-do sac" my chance of a successful stalk would be over for the day.
However, anything was belter than
suspense, and,' anxious to know the
worst at mice, 1 hurried nn, regardless
of llm risk. 1 accordingly left the cover
and, running along tbo edgo of it for
-, couple of hundred yards, camo suddon-
Iv to a bond where the valley, Instead
of ending, Boomed to continue to the
right A closer examination confirmed
this supposition, sn dropping on iny
hands and knees, 1 crept cautiously
arnnnd tho corner.
Tt. waa fortunate that I had taken
this precaution, for as I rose lo my feet
behind n sheltering bush thero woro the
bison nbout two hundred yards in front
of me, grazing in the open. Examining
them through the glasses 1 counted nine
cows und u bull, tho former evidently
on tho alert; for every now and then
one would ruiso hor bond suspiciously
and sniff around. The bull nlso kept
walking to and fro as if he, too, woro
not quite easy iu hia mind. Tho spot
on which they stood was nbout the
centre of the valley, Which hero was
perhaps one hundred yards in width;
hence my best way to approach them
was obviously through the junglo I wus
iu, especially as tho wind would still bo
in my favor.
Having como to this decision, I lost
an time in carrying it out, for tho anl-
mnls being so 'restless, I fen roil they
might move on. I found the jungle
much heavier than it looked, and hnd
some difllculty in making my wny
through it aa noisclosslv as I had hoped
to do.    However, by picking my stops
carefully, often on tiptoe, and taking
advantage of every natural opening, I
managed fairly well. My progress was
somewhat arablike, aiid necessarily
slow, nor could 1 toll whether iu the
right direction, having to change my
course su often; but still 1 persevered,
nnd when 1 thought I had come far
enough, turned towards the open.
This was an important, movement, for,
if 1 had judged correctly, the hord
should be now ubout sixty yards from
mo. IVrtunntoly here the jungle was
lighter, and 1 was able to go through it
without the slightest sound, but with
every step l took 1 paused to look anil
listen. Advancing thus, foot by foot,
1 had made nbout lifteen yards in about
as many minutes, when I found tho
high jungle came abruptly to au olid,
leaving nothing but, grass before tne,
a fringe of it some twenty yards in
width, and ao low that I could see nver
As T stood for a lime, undecided what
to do, somo dark objects al the further
edgo attra'ctod my attention. They
looked at lirst. liko anthills, those curious creations of lho white ant, but
presently, to my nmazeinent, thoy seemed to me to move. Thinking this must
bo an optical illusion, due to the waving
of the grass, I examined thom through
lhe glasses, when, to my inexpressible
delight, 1 discovered that what I had
mistaken for tops of anthills wero the
withers of the bison. 1 had hit. them
oil' exactly, and there they wore, baroly
llfty yards in front of me, and seemingly quite unconscious of my presence, for
they were evidently gruziug; but oh I
stood watching them 1 saw a head or
two suspiciously raised in the air, thon
slowly sink down again, as if still thinking something was amiss. I crouched
down nt once, then again on hands and
knees crept, silently through the grass
till 1 had almost reached the edge, and
could now sec the herd distinctly. They
had moved further into the open aad
were now about thirty yards fmm me,
all grazing except Ihe bull, who was
lying down in front of them nearer to
me than thc others.
Keeping iny eyes fixed nn him, I now
laid myself lint upon tlio ground, and
was just aliout tn bring the rifle to my
shoulder when  somt rt ridges  in  my
pneket rattled, lie was up in an instant, and, glaring savagely around,
stood saining the air, evidently trying
tn locate the sound. Now was my opportunity, for he wus standing broadside on lo mo.
Trembling with excitement, I held my
breath and, raising my rifle carefully,
nulled for his heud just behind Ihe ear.
As the smoke cleared off, 1 saw that hi,
had dropped oa his knees and then
rolled over and lay kicking oa his side.
I sprang up immediately, .shouting loudly at the herd, for at the sound of tho
report Ihey had come charging down
upon me; but, yelling with all the
energy I possessed, I fortunately succeeded ia changing tlieir direction, and
turning sharply to the left thoy went
scampering up the vnlley.
So close had lhe" come that 1  Id
hnvo nearly touched them witli my ride;
in fact. another Ihree yards and t must
have been trampled nailer foot. It. was
a marvellous escape, ami one of the
tightest places 1 was ever ia during my
years spent in hulia; and lhis escape
was due to a powerful pair of lungs.
Hut 1 had iio sooner escaped one danger than  I  was threalelied by another,
for 1  had  hardly  r ivered  from   my
fright and was stooping to pick up ll
cartridge 1 had droppod, when 1 heurd
Not Due to Cold, Wet Woathor—The
Trouble is Rooted in the Blood
Many people believe tlmt the twinges and tortures of rheumatism are
duo tn colli, damp, or wet weather,
nud treat themselves by rubbing with
liniments nnd lot ions. This is a serious mistake, and oue whieh allows
the disease to progress to such an
exl ont lhat it is often impossible to
get it out of tho system. Rheumatism
conies frum poisonous acid in the
blood, and it must lie cured through
Uio blood. All tbe liniuionls, aud rub'
bing, uud so-called electrical treat*
meat in tlio world will not euro rhoii-
mutism. This is a medical trull) which
every sult'oror from this excruciating
trouble should know. Rheumatism can
only be cured by driving the poisonous
neid out of the blood, and enriching and
purifying it. There in uo medicine will
do this so speedily nud surelv as Dr.
Williams' Pink Pills. Thoy actually
make Hie new, rich, red blood, which
drives mil. the poisonous ucid, upbuilds
tho system, aud makes the sulVeror well
and slrung. It. is because thoy do this
Unit llr. Williams' Pink Pills have
eurod thousands of eases of rheumal
ism after all othor treatment had fail
ed. As proof we give the ease of Mrs.
P. N, BoiSBQOUj Rt. .loromo, (^uc., who
says: "Almost, two years ago 1 was a
terrible sulTorer from rheumatism, The
trouble lirst. located in my right log,
rendering all work impossible, and
walking oxeessivoly difficult. I tried
to cure myself by means of nil sorts
of linimotits and lotions, but without
avail. Tho trouble was constantly
growing worse, and the pain more and
moro unbearable. Finally tlio disease
spread to my otber leg, and I was all
but helpless, aad 1 was completely discouraged, thinking 1 woulu bo a suitor-
er for the rest of my life. At this
time I read nn advertisement in our
home paper, of this trouble being cured
by Dr. ./illiams' Pink Pills, and I decided to Iry them. I first got four
boxes of lhe Pills nnd aftor using them
for severul weeks I eould see thnt
the painful rheumatism wns gradually
disappearing. 1 oontiuuod taking tho
Pills, however, until I had used nbout
n dozen boxes, wheu every symptom
of the trouble had disappeared, and
1 could walk as freely as over f did,
und do my housework without tho least
trouble. 1 have no hesitation in recommending Dr. Williams' Pink Pills to
overy rheumatic sulTerer."
Sold by all medicine dealers or by
mail at 50 cents n box, aix boxes for
$2.50 from Tho Dr. Williams' Modi
cine Co., Brockville, Out.
a sound behind me, and, turning quickly around, saw to my horror that tho
bull was on his feet. Standing thore,
with glaring eyes and the blood pouring
from both nostrils, be wus not a pleasing sight at closo quarters. Not that
I had much time to study liis appearance, for the noxt moment, having
either scented or cnught sight of me,
down went his head, aud with a bellow
that shook tho ground, he came thunder
iug down upon me.
t had barely time to briag the rifle
to my shoulder, nnd whon I tired he had
nearly reached me. 1 had aimed roughly at his head, only too thankful to get
iu a shot at all, but fortuno favoring
me tbo bullet, ns I subsequently discovered, struck exactly where it should,
ami he rolled over nearly ut my feet.
Reloading my ritle, T stood preparod
for another resurrection, for I did not
know then that my bullet had pierced
liis brain; but presently, ns bis struggles ceased, I saw blood oo/.ing from his
forchend through a hole which hnd not
been there before, and I knew then that
I had won. However, my late experience lind taught tne caution, so, controlling my longing to examine hiin,
I waited for a time.
Tbe tlrst bullet had struck bolow the
ear and must have proved fatal in tbe
end, but the second was through the
centre of the forehead, penetrating tho
brain—a lucky shot, to which I probnbly owed my lifo; for, tirod moro or
less at random, it might easily have
struck a far less vital spot and thus
given tho furious animal time to wreak
liis vengeance. However, "all's woll
that ends well" is u very old maxim,
and one that I quite agreed with as T
contemplated the line head 1 had
EVEBY farmer and hog breeder
should have an ideal type iu his
mind uo matter wbat his favorite breed of swine may be. Uo should
at all times bo on the alort, try to improve on tbe breeding stock he has, even
when they are what ho considers about
as perfect as the ideal he has striven
for. Great care should be takon not
to make any violent out-erossos, for
many a breeder in doing so has undone
lho work of many yenrs of hard labor.
It is a good plan tn watch the markets
and the outlet he may have fnr his nur
plus stock, for if his type will hreed
on nnd on and is iu demand by tbe
breeders, it will soon be known and he
will be considered a public benefactor
as woll ns the man who makes two
blades of grass grow wliere but one
grew before.
If he has not passed the above degree,
he will prolit by putting in some of bis
spare   timo   reading   articles   in   stock
amall, you should better market them
aud use only matured sows. A boar of
the medium type wit a a lot of quality,
will invariably give better results "if
there Ed any doubt ubout the proper
You should know the working qualities of your sows; wutch them from the
time they furrow and see how thev
treat the little fellows. If you keep
the outstanding good ones in your herd
for your own breeders you should bo
a leader in your calling. You should
keep youi gilts from the produce of
the quiet, prolific and good suckling
females in your herd, nnd let me caution you nut tu put a price ou them, for
if you do, some of the breeders will buy
them uud you will be in the background
with your inferior ones nt. the next nog
shnw. It is only necessary to keep one
or two of your very best and you cuu
sell the others, which may do you a
lot of good iu the wav of advertising,
us well as introducing them iu communities where tlieir good qualities are unknown.
Again let me caution you not to sell
all your surplus as breeders, for that
will react sooner or later. Von hud
bettor soil ull thos.. tlmt .lo not show
the prospects of n profitable kind on
the market, and this is tho only way
you can reach the goal of having hug's
a liltle bettor than the other fellow.
It is certainly a temptation among ull
breeders of pure bred swine to .sell everything thnl is eligible l<> record, and
thia l consider tlio great mist uke of
mnny old breeders us well us thut of the
beginner, for yon will lind that it pays
in the long run to be rated among the
breeders who treat the other breeders
on the square. Should you misrepresent
your surplus stock you would soon be
classed with the hot nir gang, who never
last verv long in nny business. 1 hav:
known do/.ens go broke and break up
others wln> luul been drawn into this
mad race nf pedigree without regard
to individual quality. Look out for this
kind of a breeder, go slow, and when
you find n reliable breoder, give him
your patronage as long ns you cun.
Remember to look after piggies*
wants yourself, for ynu will find no ono
thnt will take the interest in tbem
tbat they should receive. The hired
man has his mind on something else
than the feeding of hogs, and consequently will nut make a good feeder.
The summing up of the whole—in a
nl.tskoll—Would be: The pork barrel
is the ullimnte end of the hog. There
fore breed the kind thnt has a good
head, a deep chest, and broad buck,
which denote constitution, a well sprung
rib with a good middle to insure a good
bread basket, a good loin and ham in
order lo gol thai .inic.v high-priced meat
that is in demand the world ovor.    Do
became tbe fashion, the law having
dropped iuto disuse, parents went to
work combining names for their off
spring enthusiastically, due custom was
dom- away with in Englund iu oottse-
quo uee of this, the plan <>!' naming tbe
oldest son iur thy estate, particularly
when be succeeded t<< that estate
through Ins mother. This old idea is
*till followed to some extent iu this
country by the mntlier's maiden name
being given to the eldest son. It identities tho boy when ho grows to inunhood,
aud so bus a positive value. During the
time of tho Civil Wnr and just after
hundreds of parents named sous simply
1' Lincoln " or "Grant.''
Such instances have, however, been
uncommon the past tifty years. The
middle nume hus become well-nigh uni
versul. Sometimes the caso arises of a
man, prominent in public life or literature, leaving olT his lirst name altogether and becoming Known by his middle
nume. Qrover Cleveland, whoso bopt Is
mat nnmo was Stephen Grover (.'levy
land, has beeu the most conspicuous example of this,
I LIKE to seo Hud tly, usually," admitted Mrs. Mars, the woman wbo
watches hev husbaud tnko his life
in his nanus every time ho gues up in
uu aeroplane, "it's better fnl'n than
watching a horse race. Hut, do you
know, 1 have the funniest feeling nbout
seeing a plane broken. I have watched threo machines smash, ami every
Lime it seemed us though some beautiful
eagle were shot to the heart uud dropped to earth lifeless. Tho camp boys
suy you can pick nn aeroplane up on
a shovel and tly witb it the next day.
Dut, ugh—I <lon't like to have even nn
upright   smushed.
"Vou know that FlamIIton Tell Into, a
marsh nt Seattle with the same machine
that dtopped Bud into tho ocean Saturday. I believe that machine*?, wrong
somewhere It's cranky or has u hoodoo or something. Once, before Bud
ever tried to (ly to Fort Wadswortll in
it, the engine missed lire uud Bud had
to slide for lifo. He landed safe ou
the turf that day. But I 'in afraid some
time it will quit while Bud is over
theso"—the littlo woman waved towards (.he housetops. "You e.nnn't lund
on a chitnnoy or a telegraph polo.
"I like the little aeroplanes best,
anyway. You know Bud went up 2,500
fetd in a four cylinder machine. That's
tlio kind I want for myself. Tho
dirigibles seem clumsy, now, though I
thought, them pretty speody when Bud
used to run one for Capt. Baldwin. It
wns only last April that Bud changed
from lhe big clumsy gas bag to the
"I'll tell vou why ray husband will
Tho regiment drawn up in front of their tents on the morning after thc arrival at Aldershot. They presented a good solid
front, and were much admired for their soldierly appearance aud excellent discipline on parade. The English atmosphere made the men feel a bit drowsy that lirst morning, according to their letters, bnt they do uot look it on parade,
journals by thoso who ■ have mado u
success of raising hogs. A good idea
is to get noxt to them, especially their
way of mating and feeding. Ko* oue is
so perfect in bis way of feeding but
that he may loam something from
others in the Bame business, and, above
all, got rid ot! thy idea that vour way
is the only wny. All pure broods huve
a placo iu this great country'of chonp
feeds. If you cannot produce your
share of winners or top tho market onoo
in a while with a bunch of market hogs
then thoro is something wrung—so put
on your thinking cap; thou take oil'
your coat und got to work. It may be
your way of feeding or possibly your
muting, but do not get discouraged
and cross your puro-hreds with another
breed. You may get something good
out of the Ilrst cross, but your next,
will be a fuilure, so you liad better
soil everything on the market and try
u new breed, uud profit hv vour pasl
experience. Brooders should nil trv'and
make their favorites produce the* most
high-priced monts for tho feed consumed, for a hog that is never satisfied
und is never on the run is n pour kind
lo keep, Thy best kind is the une thut
is nlwnys there at Lhe regulnr mealtime, and lots you know 1 v his squeal
tlmt his appetite is very big, und then
when his hunger is appeased, goes away
and tnkes his imp Io put on thnt choice
bit of ment thai distinguishes the well
bred hogs from the razor back.
Since living iu Canada 1 hear so much
about the ba i hog being lho onlv hog
for Canada, becnuse they arc such excellent grazers. Threo years ago. while
iu lown, feed was so very high that
many of lho breeders turned out their
brood sows on grnss ns soon ns the pigs
wero weunod, and let them shift for
themselves on gruss and water, 1 know
id' one breeder of the lard kind that
picked out u bunch (treated liko the
nbovo) just a duy or so before the local
fair and won the grand championship
honors over nil breeds. The bacon and
thin rinds had ull the feed and milk
they would oat. The judge was one of
tho professors at tho loading agricultural college in the States, and had
also judged llvo stock in Canada, and is
a ('auadian by birth.
In buying your lonr let your motto
be, "None of the good ones "is too good
for mn." There is nothing in history
lhal is truer thnn "the boar is half of
the herd." For this reason yon cannot
be too particular iu buying tho head
of your herd. Do not go to extremes
and buy a large courso ono If your
femnles nre of the medium or small
kind, for if you do you will rue it ut
farrowing time, espeeinlly should you
intend to keep gilts, as they will inv'ari
ably have troublo at that time with
such n mating.   If vour gilts nro too
not be dependent on one market; meet
every cull that can be made upon you
as a breeder of hogs.
MIDDLE names, hard us ii is to
credit in this generation, were
onco illegal. The old English law
was very definite as to tho naming of
children, aud, according to Coke, "a
man cannot have two names of baptism." "It is requisite,'' this law goes
ou, "that the purchaser be named by
thc name uf his baptism and his surname, and that special heed be taken to
the name of baptism."
Royal personages have always been
allowed to havo more thuu oue given
name, but as luto as 10(10 it is said
thero wore only four persons in all Kngland who had two given names, lu 1020
the Mayllower sailed for America, und
there wns not a man nr woman upon il
who had a middle unmc.
Kvou a OOlltury and a half ago double
names wore very uncommon. The Mug
Ilsh used tn dodge the law at times by
ingeniously conipniinding names. Thus
on old parish registers iu Kngland there
aro occasionally seen such combinations
as Kuunusuhiliu, which is Funny unit
Sybil joined together, and Anunnieriur,
made up oi Anna and Maria. Maria is
one nf the earliest middle names of
record for boys; it was given in honor
of tho Virgin Mnry. As much as they
dared, beginning along iu the eighteenth century, parents evaded the "ono
nnmo law.''
But evon as late as a liundrod yours
ago custom was ngainst the middle
name. If the names of the signers of
lhe Declaration of Independence be
lookod over it win be found that only
ihree nf them hnd middle names. The
first five Presidents of tho United States
had only ouo name each—George Washington, iTohn Adams, Thomas Jefl'erson,
.lames Madison, .lames Monroe. Before
Grant, eighteenth of the line, there wore
only three doublo named Kxecutivos—
doh n Qui ney Adams, William Henry
Harrison, and .lames Knox Polk.
When   middlo  names got going and
They Cleanse While Thoy Curo.—The
vogotablQ compounds uf whieh Pnrme
lee's Vegetable Pills are composed.
mainly dandelion und mnn drake, eUmr
the stomach und intestines nf deleter
inns mutter und restore the dernuged
organs tu healthful action. _ Hence
they are the best remedy for indigos
tion available to-day. A* trial of them
will establish the truth of this usscr-
lion nnd do more to convince the ail
ing than anything thnt can be wrjtten
of these pilis.
do woll iu the international aviation
contest at Belmout Park this October.
It will be cold thon. perhaps down to
freezing by the lime thoy get to Hying
in the evening, just before sundown,
ami iu the calm hour ut dawn. Up
aloft tho temperature will bo much lower than on the ground. Tho pilots'
hands will get so stiff that they eau
scarcely turn lhe wheol.
"That's just whero Bud has them.
Ho likes the winter and the cold. He's
stocky nnd never seems to got chilled.
Du you kuow, he learned to fly over
the Ice! That was at Lake Keukn up
in Ilammnndsport lust winter. The
grounds there ure on a bluff, and the
ucrnplanes just slide off the bluff and
out over the lake with nothing to hit
if they full and rip along the ice.
"Sometimes I think I 'in kind of tired
of this roving life, vol I wouldn't give
ii up. Nine years of It—flrst, parachute
drops; then horseback riding; Ihen animals, Including lions; theu balloons
again, dirigibles this time, and now
aeroplanes. Bud and 1 have been ou
Ihe eo lor nine yours together. Never
a broken bono thy whole time, either.
And wc soon start oil' for the West
again—Minneapolis, Butte, Spokane,
and   I   don't  know  where   nexl.
■*Bul I couldn't really give ii op.
I'vo gut tho germ of tho  travel  fever
in my veins.    If I stay too long in i	
place the germ starts'the foyer again,
and 1 'm crazy to be off."
NGT long ago, when passing through
a department iu one of our downtown stores (says Elizabeth Volt'/,
in tho Pittsburgh Dispatch), I ovor-
hoard » girl behind the counter, with
snappy brown eyes, remark that "Women are harder to work for than men."
it interested mc, mid 1 drew her into
u conversation on the subject, ami this
is what this daring littlo individual
"i have worked for both r.*.on and
women and always found nun mure
reasonable than womon. Most women
are horridly selfish, and when tliey
attain a position somewhat above their
sisters tliey at onoo affect a Bttporior
air and make thoso inferior in position foci like a two-cent piece.
"Contrary to men, women do ovory
thing iu nn individual way, ami Hie
spirit of ninlualily does not enter into
tlieir relation with others. We cnnnol
expect a min.I filled with individual
thoughts tn have room for Inrgcr
things. You go inlo a store or factory
where n woman hours tho distinguished
litle 'forelady' and instantly you will
be able to pick her out from 'the rest
by tha superior air she assumes.    She
"Prepare for Lumbago"
If Yon Have "Nerviline" Handy One
Bubblng Will Cure the Pain
The "strike" of lumbago is like a
bolt of lightning—you uever know
when it is coming or whero it is going
to strike. Probably the one certain
thing about lumbago is the fad that il
i-uii be cured by Nerviline I ho only
liniment that penetrates deeply enough
to reach the congested chords and
" Years ng.i I
htramed my book
and Buffered eonsid-
entblv with weak
ness over the
spine, ' writes Da
J rius P. Millau, n
" well known farmer,
residing near KluggvJlle. "Theu lum
Imgo uttacked the weak spot, ami for
days nt a time 1 woulu have to He up
in bed. unablo to move or turn. Lini
monts, poultices und hut upplications
failed to bring the desired relief, uud
I was in despair of ever getting really
well again. I ut Inst decided to test
"Nerviline." I got flvo hnt ties from
the drug Btore und had it rubbed on
three times u day.. The stlffuoBS and
puin left my back quickly, and by con
tinning Norviliue I was completely
cured of  Lumbago."
This is similar testimony tu thai nf
nearly five thousand Canadians who
have written unstinted words of praise
to the manufacturers Oi Nerviline. Fur
the cure of lumbago, sciatica, neuralgia
aud rheumatism there is no liniment
with one-fifth the puin relieving power
'if Nerviline.
Iiofuso any substitute. In two si/.es,
50e and 85c, at all dealers, or The Cn-
uirrhozone Co., Kingston, Oni.
expects one to make a little tin god of
"When a woman reaches the olevu-
tion of an employer, she then becomes
'.Madame' So-and-so, usually giving
herself u high sounding name'. Should
one of her employes dure address ber
in any other way. the axo will be
"Women whu attain the positions are
usually of n questionable age, when
they huve forgotten thoir birthdays. I
know n girl who, not long since,' lost
her position for using the awfully disrespectful term 'old lady' in referring
to her employer. This all-important
dame chanced io he in one of the adjoining lockers and overheard the remark. Becauso nf this, what was deemed by her no unpardonable offence, the
girl was immediately ordered to apply
to the cashier for her pay and her position declared vacant. Lt mny have been
disrespectful, but the girl' meant no
harm, and hnd her employer been a fel
low workman she would not have given
it a single thought. Whut mnde it moro
Strange that she should have regarded
it so seriously is Hint she had daughters
neur the 40 murk, and a granddaughter
17 years old. It only illustrates to
what petty things a woman will stoop
if she reachos n position ubove her
"Women are jealous of each other.
Woman will seldom help womuu in au
olliee or store. It is always u nmn
who cheerfully gives the necossury instructions or assists a now woman employe. Not long since a young womuu I know secured a position iu ono
of the largo department stores. Being
un experienced saleswoman, she went
there with the intention to sell goods.
In the dress goods depurtment, where
she was placed, tho womon nt oneo began to make it unpleusant for her, instead of helping her, as ouo would expect. A woman who had boon in the
department fur five days not long
sUlte angrily accused her of stealing
sales after she had made a salo to a
customer. At nnother time sho boldly
stepped forward and demanded that
she turn over a customer to her,"
IN the Myndd Newydd eoal-inino, in
Wales, there is un apartment excavated, which is sot aside to be
exclusively used as a place of worship.
This underground chapel dales back for
mure than half a century, nud overy
morning since iis inauguration (when
the mine is being worked) the miners
hnve assembled in this remarkable edifice to perform tlieir religious devotions.
The chapel is siluated close to tho bottom of the shaft, so that the miners, on
descending the pit, can go to worship
before they proceed to their various sta
tions. The apartment is strangely lacking in ornamentation nud adornment.
The pillars und the bourns which support the roof aro of rough wood, and
a disused coal trolley, turned up on end,
does duty us a pulpit, The miners sit
upon rough iwooden benches, placed
across tho chapel from side to side, and
the oldest, worker at the mine perforins
the duty of pastor.
In the salt mine at Wielio'/ku, Austria, tlloro is a Chapel ol St. Anthony,
a Byzantine excavation, supported by
columns, with altar, crucifix, and life
sized statues of saints, apparently in
black marble, but nil mnde uf suit.
" Well, my little mun,'' inquired a
visitor pleasantly, "who ure you?"
"I'm tho babe's brother!" wus the
Ingenuous reply.
Knicker: "Bread is to be sold by
Becker; "Then my wife cun make us
Mrs. IC E. Sanford, Tnvernry, Out,,
writes:—"My bnby was sickly for
over a week with bowel and stomach
trouble arid cried night and dny. Nothing I did helped her in the lonst till
1 began giving her Baby's Own Tab-
lets. They helped bnby right away
ninl now she is a big henlthy child
with fine r.isy cheeks. The Tablets
nre certainly n wonderful medicine and
I recommend them lo all my friends
who hnve children in the houso."
What Unity's Own Tabids have
done for Mrs. Sanford's baby they
do for thousands of other little ones,
simply because they go to the root of
so many childhood ailments—thnt is,
they drivn nil impurities from the ste-
much and leuve it sweet nud healthy.
Sold by medicine dculers or bv mail
at. So cents a box-from The Dr. Wll-
Hams' Medicine Co., Brockville, Ont.
REVOLVERS & AMMUNITION      -      -      -      -
tTeTbateH- -
Capital $5,000,000
Reserve 15,700,000
Drafts Issued In nny currency, payable all over the world
highest current rates allowed on deposits of $1 and upwards
CUMBERLAND, B.C., Brottoh-   —   -     OPEN DAILY
H. F. Montgomery, Manager
We have recently received a
Carload of McLAUGHLIN
Carriages and Buggies,
and are prepared to quote
lowest prices and best terms.
give us a call.
IfePlie© &
General Merchants, Courtenay.
The   Russell
The only Cur Mude
in    America   with
the "Silent Knight
Valvelesa Engine,'
Also made in valve
. . . style . . .
Cleveland, Brantford, Mansey-Harris, Perfect and Blue Flyer Bicy
cles; Fairbanks Itorae Gas Engines; also the Mooie Gasoline
Lighting Systems. Oliver Typewriters. Repairing of all kinds.
Jlict/cles, Sawing Machine/, Guru, eto,     Seitsori and Skates ground.
Rubber Tirei/or Daby Carriages,    l/oopajor Tube
SL_    __
The BEST Machine  on the Market
and sold on EASY TEEMS   	
JEPSON BROS., Diatrict Agents, Nanaimo, B. C.
C. Segravt, Local Representative, Cumberland, 11. C.
Visiting curds at tl« Islander o!
Jcib work I Yuu can net whal yuu
Fwant when you want it m The Islamikk
o . iio.
I)., your mi ahttpnlttK, Sh, M.lvi.
null fur Oiioioe Fruits, C'lifuoiii.imiy
>uid leu Cre-in j26
The Itoyal Dank of Canada liavo
decided to open tlwir liranrli al Court
(•nay on Friday ub  well n* Tuesday's
of eaoh week
un tht- '-His day of Nuvt'inht'i- next up
plicati u will be mailu to the Supmiu-
tenduiit of Provincial Poltuu for th» iu-
oewal of a lioeuau for the aalu cf liquor
l>. wholesale in and upon tho pri'iiiiun
known nn PiUtner liirwiuy Co., 1. il..
■i'uateil at Cuinherland, 11. 0., upiui the
lamia ilu.ci ibeil a> Sub. Lot 1, of Lei 24
NeUou District.
Dated this 29th day of October 11)10.
Pilsener Hkkwimi Co., Ltd.
Per W. F. Rnway, applicmt
For Sale
— One g
tod farm horse, En-
i[Uire J 11
Sandwick, B. C.
For Salt
and   harm-an both in
v'ood    COIll
Price *"fl Apply   E
Hoism 8 yts, kind,   good   driver,   not
afraid of  autos.     Harness  and rubber
tired bu^y almost new.
Apply to, G. K. McNaughton
NOTICE is hereby given that the partnership firm McLeod & Bailey was dissolved Sept.22nd 1010 by mutual consent
and the business wil) in future be carried on by Mr.J.N. McLeod, All accounts
aud debts HL'ainst aud due the said firm
are payable respectively, by and to,
Mr. J, >\ McLeod
(Signed) J. N. McLeod
B. W. Bailey
Horseshoeing a Specialty
Third Ave., Cumberland
"Tender for Cuttle" will lie
received by tlio u n d e rs ig n e d
up to Monday, the 14th day of Nov-
emW, 1910, for the piirclpifle of the
cattle formerly owned liv Philip Unci;
ley, and now running at. large in the
hush near Union Hay The Proviiioi
al Government will hot guarantee anv
numliir of cuttle, nor will they deliver any of the cattle to the purchaser
who must lake hia chance of Hud-
hn; the same. Eauh prop sal must he
accompanied l>y a certilletl cheque for
the full amount. The highest or any
tender not necessarily accepted.
Government Agent.
Cuinlierlaml, 1!. C, 1st Nov., 11)10
1 EXAMINATIONS f r the position til
J Inspector of Steam Boil. r» and Machinery, under the "Steam Beilers Inspection Act, JilOl,"  will be held at the
Parliament. Building*, Victoria commencing November 7th, l'.OO.    Application
and instruction forms can be had on application to the undersigned, to whom
the former mu.t be return.d correctly
filled in, not later than October 24th,
1910.     Salary (130.00 per in .nth, increasing at the rate of $5.00 per month
each year to a maximum of f 180 00.
Chief Inspector of Machinery,
New Westminster, B.
'ICIpulletx. hstch*d>l4C9
from Jan. I to May 31. Uid 37380 eQfl*
which sold at wholesale price*
n«t $1019.13
eoat of feed lor same period      211.0",
$ 808.07
i'lver.Mio profit per bird for
151 days       .       .        .
tli iS i lilt lUTCIIIMi.
AAlSt - • '
Per IS.
I'cr 1011
DUNCAN, 111. j'
Dottltv in Bicycles  nnd   Gns \
Engine Supplies j
English and American Wheels from \
$1,0 up, alto Second-hand Wlmts.  j
U m
Third St. & Penrith Avenue
All kinds of hauling done
Pirst-olaBs Rigs for Hire
Livery and team work promptly
attended to
— GOOD —
l.iicnl Agent for
The London & Lancashire
Fire Insurance Co.
Get rates before insuring elsewhere
Office: Cumberland
:   :   :   CEIVED   :   :   :
Up-to-date Merchant Tailor
mission AOBNOT. Rents and
Debts Collected, Brokerage, Heal
Estate imd Auctioneers, Tliom
son Building, Dunsmuir Avenue,
Cumlierlaiid. Plione 17. John Thom
son, Manager.
Leave Victorin 0a.m. Tuesday
Arrlvu Niumlmua i> m Tnumlay
Leavu Nanalmo 6.30 p.m. TueiKtiiy
Arrive Union lt«y 10 30 p.ni. Tinwitay
Uuvu UnU'ii liny 8n.m. vvctlnesday
Arrive Nnnaitno -i \> in. Wednoailay
Arrive Vancouver 0.30 \* m. Weftnomlny
1,1'nvf Vancouver8 u.m. Tlmreilny
Arrive NailUlmo Vi 10 pin. ThuMiIliy
Leave Nanalmo ! p.m. Tlmmlay
Arrive Union Hay 7..1Q p.m. Tlmratlay
Friday and Su i unlav repeat trlpn e( Wednoiilaj
mul Tlmratlay
Leave Union Bay 12.16 tun. Sunday
Arrive NaiialmoOn in. Siimluy
\rrivc V jut drill 1 p.m. Sumlny
nr mttu und Infurtnatloti relative to inter
mediate point* of i-all, apply i»
O. B.   FOSTER, W.    McOIRR,
A. O. P. A., Affent.
Vancouver,   B.C.     Nanalmo,  B.C.
Autos for Hire
Motor Launches on the Lake
'lYniiH imHuuil/o. I'll- nr li.S
H. M. Beadnell,
Comox, B. C.
Agent for E & N.
Comox  District.
Dated Sept., 3rd, 1810.
Dont .Marry fe&
dn, be Burn to order ynur weddinti invi»
tat'ijns at Till 1si.AMiF.it Offices Sampltfl
at this tiftloe
in the
on a Small
THE     iTE^riEiXjZilEIfc
Next door to Royal Bank, opposite Post Office
Little cubes of metal
Little tubes of ink;
Brains, and the printing presses
Make the millions think
There is no better
way of making the
people of this district think of you
than through an advertisement in
TUm Islander
We sell Safety Razors
Shaving Soaps, Brushes nnd Razor Strops, Shaving Creams and
Powders, Perfumes and Toilet Articles
Combs  and Brushes a Genuine Quality
Call and Inspect same at The Drug Store
A. H."PEfteEY


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