BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The Islander May 20, 1911

Item Metadata


JSON: cumberlandis-1.0070256.json
JSON-LD: cumberlandis-1.0070256-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): cumberlandis-1.0070256-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: cumberlandis-1.0070256-rdf.json
Turtle: cumberlandis-1.0070256-turtle.txt
N-Triples: cumberlandis-1.0070256-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: cumberlandis-1.0070256-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

Qetyour Suit, Hal, Shoes
at Campbell Bros.
";   f#'    *"f  tf
t r
Nn. 81
SportsCommittee have
Most Attractive
Mm.1 intercut is being evinced thii
your in thn 24th. celebration thnn I'M
ever Appeared liefore in Athletic oi.i'ea
nn.l thu wuy th.' Iioya Ale tritnitigia
n.it slow, ns the Hold events nre one of
the boat attractions it look at. thu line
tip .vill tjo nu liui'iii na there is much
new niateriul ami we quietly lined th. in
Luthet Chamber* will be running i.
the hundred uid w McFarlane ia in N.u.
ainin hi. hardeat oppunent will ba Clart
whoae proweta ae > aprinter ia wel'
known here. The dark hone promise*
to be Seott the 10 aeeond man fron
Courtenay, but having aeen lota of tie..
10 seconder, losing to men who couldu'i
runlUOyda in 12 aeconda the beat day thf}'
ever put aahoe on, we are like tlieScolcl.-
man "We hae oor douta." Chamber, it
prepared to bet himself to the limit, and
the race ahuuld prove an exciting contest of apeed.
The quarter Mile ia alwaya nne of thi
atar event, of any athletic meet and in
one of the hardeat racea to run Grant
of Comox ii a hard man tn beat and
will bear watching. Clark of the Bay,
Bothley nf Nanaimo aud alao Sommerville
aud aa Cunningham ia in thia race il
ahould be a hummer.
The Mile ia the next card and with
auch preferment aa Bannerman, Grant,
Sommerville, Rceae and Cunningham nf
the local contingent and 8weeney of Victoria McLaren and Cartwright of Nanaimo the B. C. Record ahould come pretty
close to going by the bonrd. and if Hwee
ney runs the lucal boya will have a
chance to aee how they line up againat a
champion, aa Sweeney holda the B.C
record of 4:42
The Marathon ia another event of the
day and 1 think ia more looked forward
too than any other event nf the day
and between dark horaea, champions, near champions, hn.-wn.aet'a ami
moonlight training .units you wuuld
think it waa the Worlda Championship
at stake, all the local boya and theii
beat performancea are well known but
we will give a ahort resume of the unknown quautitiea. Cunningham the canny Fifer ia the moat touted of the bunch
he haa had a aore heel for tbe put week
or two, but when I waa watching him
the other night about 0 p.x. it waa not
bothering hiin, He muat bo out for a
killing. McLaren of Nanaimo haa run
the diatance iu 27 minutea and ia a
cuiaiatent performer aa ia Lawrence
of Nanaimo, aa to Cartwright I don't
known anything about hia performance,
never having aeeu him run aa I have the
Foothill Fan will lie disaapoiuted iha'
they did not get their beloved tive-a-sid.
and aa the eleven a aide cauaed quite a
lot of diaaatiafaction Innt year in regard
to the length of time, the aporta com
mittee decided to make a few changes
in the running of the lootbnll which
will be agreeable. After diacuaaing Ove
a aide and being aaaured that 13 teama
would enter and figuring that it would
take 2 houra to ruu them off, and aa time
ia the biggeat factor we think that the
committee plan, of having 1 hour playing
and 6 minuie. extra for a draw, if tbree
teama enter the final be played the week
Licroaae iaa new addition and if the
report ia true that both team are importing playera there ahould be aome flavot
in the game for the spectators.
Cumberland's baseball chances an
looking better since Sundays game whet,
they won after a long ding-dong <uuggle
The No 6 team defeated the Shamrocks
laat Saturday by a acore ot 4—0,
FOR SALE-102 acrea of the 6irn
of land in N..lso" Diatric, two and i.
half milea f o n (Juiuh. 'land; 40 aCi'tti
eas'ly cleared, 35 ncres goo.) timta-i
clo.e to Gran''s longing camp; Sh.nl
at corner f pl.c.. Fn>e boil linir mte
easy to out into ten acre blocka.
A. Treat In Store Por
Another iporting event of great in
forest to pugilistic fane hu been ar
ranged for the evening of the 24th.
Oscar Nelaon of Vancouver tnd
Billy Cadniaii of thia city have agreed
to box ten roumii on that evening
nnd aa we have not had a real live
conteat since Standon and Wyatt
hooked up, the fann will look forward
t.i Ihi), one with double intereat.
Nelaon bringa quite a reputation
with him aa a boxer, having very few
defeat* to hia credit, and having travelled all over the North Weat the
kit year or ao meeting all comers, and
lias gained quite a large experience
i hereby, and he should be able to make
it interesting for his opponent
Billy Cadman our local lad and exponent of the manly Art is some goer
himself nnd will have quite a lotto >ay
in the Argument, carrying a punch in
lioth han.is,clever, shifty and having a
good head, Billy may spring a surprise
in this "Nrlson" man from Vancouver, as he has been training for a conteat for quite a while And this is his
drat opportunity to show the Cumb.
rlaiid boys his ability, And mny be de
pended upon to do hia best. He ia
ih the able hands of Harry Baker who
it no slouch himself.
A good preliminary has been arranged and the go starts At seven sharp Aa
the hall has to be vacated hy nine for
tbe Moccabees dance, A wise plan to
follow would be to come early And
avoid the ruah, general admission $1
reserved seats 11.60.
Messrs Bates and Hardy will sell by
public auotion in the field adjoining Mr. R
McQuillan's livery stables, Courtenay, on
Thuraday, the Sth of June next, two
o'clock prompt, fat and store cattle, hones, farm implements and sundries. Entries already received. Further entriea
anlictted. All atock ahould be on the
ground by on* o'olock. Auctioneers offices, Courtenay, B.O. Phone No. 10.
As   we go  to press the following
telegram  haa been  received   at  this
office:   Nanaimo B C. May 19th 1911
To Tbi Isl.ndsu;
The Editor of News treats my opinion with silent disgust ask if he can
prove them incorrect.
Edward W. Bickle
«»™ "A     i
We are sorroy .to have to report
that Mr Joseph Sh aw waapainiully injured this week hy falling from a load
of hay, being unfortunate enough to
land up n a stump. He was taken
to the local hospital where we are
glnd to report that he is making lav-
iral.le pr gross.
To the Editor, Tha Islahoia,
Deer Sir:—Permit me space in yonr
Jumna and I will humbly subscribe
my name beneath. I would hava given
my name before, if 1 thought it was polite to butt in before Ihe curtain rung
.lown on the third aet of the comedy.
The Commiaaionera dou't seem to realize the wide difference between their
duties and juat only to know who
•M D" is.    I an "M D "
P. Dunns.
Wanted to rent, typewriter. Muat bs
in good condition. Address b. x 261
Cumberland, B. 0.
Mr. Herbert Stewart returned home
by Tuesday', boat from Vancouver after
spending a pleaaant visit of two weeks
in mat, oity.
FOR SALE-A g"od hone, snitable
for express or buggy, age 10 yean. Apply
Union Bay Co-operative Company.
McCuish and Murray
Are Training
On Monday evening the 22nd Cumberland aporta will see whnt promises
to be one of the beat wrestling bouts
ever pulled ofl in this eity or sny other
city, as fnr as the willingness of the
men ere concerned. After a siege of
training lasting for six weeks the men
are At their best, And to see their long
smooth muscles working end see
the science of the game and tin
atrength of these two men in there,
different training quarters, is A sight
worth watching. Wrestling is oneof the
oldest sports knownjwe can read back
to the time of the first Olympians and
pioture the Romans in their vaat
arenas wrestling to the death, and
then down to our present .lay methods,
and to see the principals of the Mc
Cush-Murray go at work one can feel
his pulse quicken And his excitement
worka up to the highest pitch as they
wiggle And break whnt seems to be im
possible holds. It is the business like
method of training nnd the winner
take all basis that assises the special
ors their moneys worth and the pop-
ular prices should fill the house.
Fanny Bay Notes.
The Debating Club met again laai
night and Mr Anderson was Appointed Chairman, After going through thc
preliminary business the chairman announced that the debat* 'Will Ree
iproiity be Benificial or Injurious to
to Canada" would be in order. The
first speaker, Mr Spencer claimed that
Reciprocity would benefit Canada and
he was surprised that Any should
think differently. He explained how
the reduced taxes would benefit the
laboring class continuing on the
same subject for 55 minutes. Mi
McNeil opposed him end tried to allow
that whatever reduction would be moil. <
on one Article we would be paying
on Another. He had hardly spoken
5 minutes when Mr Lnrsonge interrup-
ed him. It ia iumaterial says Lar
songe whether we hnve Reciprocity or
not nothing shall benefit the worker-
until they obtain control nf the machinery of production. At this point the
chairman called him to order; refusing to ait down a free fight ensued in
which the chairman and several others
received nasty bruises. No doubt thi-
will he the finish of the Club at Fanny
The leading lights of Fanny Buy
have signified their intention of remaining at hnme and holding sports on
24th tliey have Appointed a committee
to draw np a schedule end obtain en
tries. If the Committees schedule la-
accepted the following events will take
Potato Race, 1st. 1.1.00, 2nd. 2.00:
Cod fishing contest, Ollie vs. Nick Is'
i.00, 2nd .00. Special running bout
Vtwceii Keenan and TapellA, Keen un
o have 60 yards, 1st. 10.00, 2nd, 5.00
Pulling contest Horaea, Tom and Jerry
rs Nip and Tuck, lat. 5.00, Snd. 3.50
Flower Pioktng Contest "Handicap,"
iwing to the fact that several gentle
men have been picking flowers lately
mid bestowing them to some of the
fair sex nf Fanny Bay it will be juati
liable to have a handicap for this
event 1st. 2.50 2nd 1.00
Mr Rae Arrived here lately to take
the poailion of Mr Lewis at 3rd base
,,nt it waa impossible for the sporting
fraternity of Fanny Bay toi hold him
as Andersons Camp offered huge induce
Mr P. Anderson water carrier of
the Fanny Bey baseball team mad.
the   lollowing  announcement at last
Very Short Session of
Council Thursday
A apecial meeting of the Council
w.ia held on Thursday night nt the conclusion of the session of the court of Re
vision, all the aldermen with the ex-
option of Aid, Parnham and McNeil
being present.
The Clerk called attention to a num
ber of cases in which the poll tax
had been wrongly deducted from
miners wages, and it was left in the
Irnnd of the Clerk to refund the a-
mount in such cases.
A donation of #25 toward the 24th.
May Celebration fund was voted.
The Mayor called attention to the
urgent need for repairs to the roof of
he Magistrates nftic. This was laid
over till uext meeting.
Aid Banks asked for information
regarding the city's finances, fearing
that the Board of Work might be
authorizing more day work thnn the
oity could afford. He wns assured
by the Clerk that the City finnnct
were in a fairly satisfactory condition
neciing, "gentlemen whilst deploring
thc fact it. becomes necesurj for ni« ti
go to Union Bay for powder, therefore
any one feeling the need of wuter wil
have to walk to the greek und help himself. ,       "'
Mr McNeil has gone to Cutnbei-
land to attend tho Eagles meeting an.:
social session of the Aorio. A npcedi
return ia the wish of all.
Mr MuKny arrived in Camp with
an exteutiou table nbout 20ft. long
when extended. No doubt this is
meant as a present aud will help (he
appearance of the dining room considerably.
It was reported at Fanny Bay last
week that "M.D." was captured ai
Cumberland, we learned later to nni
regret that the rumor was false and
that terrible man who would dare any
anything against the Lie. use Commissioners is still nt large. We can't
boost of hnving many Schools oi Colleges in our inidnt, Out what few wi
have thu children who attend then.
are afraid to travel any distance
through the wood for fear of meeting the notorious "M.D." All is
necessary for the teacher to do ia
threaten "M.D." on them if tliey are
on their misbehavior and they will remain quiet at once. Owing to the
fact that ao many gentlemen are travelling by us it would not be a bad
idea for the auguat assembly at Cuml.
erland to offer a reward for the cap
A reward cf $1.00 will bo paid hy
Mr Spencer head Chef at Fann; Bay
for information that will lead to tin
conviction of the party nr pnrliea who
stole tho bottle of rum left in the
cook houae whilst he was on business
at Jap town Cumberland.
It ia expected that t.ho Road
Workera of Fanny Bay will shift. Camp
liefore the next issuo, the Ikos are
delighted na it draws them n step near
er Qiialiciini, your correspondent muat
follow them an.l hereafter tlio notes
will be from Mud liny.
The gentry of Fanny Hay regret lo
learn that Edward William Bickle has
been placed under the Liquor Act nnd
are loud in tbeir praises of Mr Bickle
itctions in fighting the Attorney Oen
end's .act through County Court aim
Supreme Court.
Tho Cantata presented some time
ago in aid of the Presbyterian churn'
was repeated on Tuesiluy evening last.
The hsll was well tilled showing that
the pre. ty Utile op.'tetta wus appreciated on its previous production.
g legislative g^.
MAY 22 1911
dnesda. nexl is
Victoria Day
Go to Campbell -Iros., for
your Fancy Shirt, Tie & Socks
Subscription price #1.50 per year
Let Editor Depart
In Peace
Pew Reductions Made
By Revision
For the last time, the Editor of Tm
ISLANI.XR appeared In-fore the License
Commissioners on Wednesday night
n connection with the investigation
which that body bus been conducting
for some time iu an endeavor to in-
lucelhe editor to disclose the identity
if it correspondent who wrote to Tut
Islamikh recently under the pen nam.
of "M.D."
Thia time the editor was not pni
under oath, the Commissioners being
advised to drop the matter ao far ar
Mr Smithe wns concerned, and to re
|uest the Police Commissioners t.
order the City Police to investigate
the charges c ntained in "MD.'s"
Ah! here I nm again. Since the be
.nee' .ng in the Cumberland Hall I hnve
.ud varied, nnd .ail experiences, The;
have passed nwny lenving me wiser 1 hop.
-nd moro charitable to my fellow man
While I hnve been writing uoi.liiiig re
ii ntly 1 have been devo'ing consider-* .1.
ime to rendu g evetything f oni the B ble
ro the Cumberland Neva. Speaki g -'
lie Utter recalls what that influential or
fin said by way of criticism on my ad
lieu on Socialism, nnd I mny say 1 .lini
return the compliment at my next meet
.ng, as I would not get any inii.iactioi
ny replying through the local paper., aa.
.cconiing to aome one is controlled I')
the Liquor Element, and the other run
hy the Band of Hope.
Considerable discussion hss been onus-
-d by two lettera to the preaa lately,
■either in my mind were worthy nf hnt
ce. The laat one which wu sinned "S.B"
ooked aa if that worthy had emitted
he middle initial of hia name which n
•11 probability waa "O" and did it appear
vould simplified matters considerable.
I wu rather amused at the jinglinp
prose of Rabbie Burns' ghost. It seem
nl u though his sojurn in spirit world
lid nut improve hia poetry, and it look
d queer that he should be soquainted
<ith so many Scotch-Canadians, and my.
self so far from home, when I waa nni
m speaking terms with him there, for the
*ery good reason that he wu a ghntt
ong before I wasbjrn.
There wu an insinua'ioii made by thi
(ho.t that I wu trying to boost myself
for the nomination of the Socialist p.irty
o repreaent them in the next eleotion.
Now, Socialist candidates have not thi
money of their opponent, to buy bust
whackers and Oideonites, who will bio*
the trumpet and sound the praises of th.
candidate from the housetop. He, (th.
Socialist candidate,) hu alwsy. too much
principle to go round and promise a ho
tel license, a road boss job, a tire nne
.erne warden's billet nr some nther su.l
job, to every man on the v ten' lint, so
ns to get them all working and pulliim
tut him. Nor will a Socialist candidate
•esort to the trick of getting names oil
..lie voters' list in one section nf the con
'tituency so that tho other uertheri
part will hnve a bigger number of dele
into* tu represent nnd appoint him al
the next convention. No 1 the S cinlM
will stoop to no such unprincipled practises. He witl go before the people oi
the merits of hi. cause, slid muat work
.arly and late to bring the people to re
tlise thst their only hope of eina. cipn-
lonfrom the thraldom of the present
'jsiom is through the prncii.nl realign
Hon of the idea, he possesses.
I have read the rasult uf the recent da-
The Council ut as a Court ef Rerlsioa
on the Asseument Roll on Thursday
night, eleven protest, sgainst the aueu-
inent being received.
The Court wu obdurate, however, aai
in only f .urcn.es were the prayers of the
petitioners granted and a reduction made.
The Court admitted iu almost every instance that the aueuinent wu very high
hut justified their actions ou the ground
that it was abiolutely imperative to hav*
more money if needed improvements
were to be carried nut.
'mies. and the lengthy letter in the
''News," re. reciprocity. Now Mr, Editor, 1 will, and have challenged any
nan or three men at moat, to meet me
■ii the publio platform on the abort subject. I will give the preference to the
debaters who won the Iut debatu, or
ihe writer of the articles in the "News."
I will allow them to pick the judge* of
he debate. Choose the time and place.
I'he subject,Reciprocity, for and against.
II ko thi. method, as in all probability
icither uf the pnpers would publish
'vlint 1 would write nn the matter,   I
ru t a une club or individual will hav*
in-., nurnge to take thia matter up, but I
mve liule hope of them so doing. It
Aill givo me no little satisfaction ahould
..hey accept, to know that they ar* not
. set of quitters.
»   *   * S
Who i. the Mayor of Courtensy f Thi*
.piestion is disturbing even the fish in
lie river down here. The fish eome to
ho top, look ar und for Ui.Wor.hip,
lieu disappear in disgust to sport with
he chips of hark that float down th* riv-
A local fisherman told the following
oory the nther day in a hotel bar: "You
' nlk about yer big ones; this one took th*
fly like an alligator, bent my rod double
then away up atream ahe flew, and wonld
you believe it, the boat dragged her anchor; it turned back with the apeed of a
shark (real estate from Vancouver.) A
Ing three feet through wu juat passing
md it hit it near one end and stood it
op on <he other. For three solid hour*
( worked with it, at Iut landed it, and
uould you believe it the river fell three
•eet,'1 Who uid we did not have aome
"wh.ppei." d wn thia way f
There was no meeting of the City
Counoil on Monday night, owing hi
the lack of a quorum, His Worship
rhe Mayor, and Aldermen Parnham
ami Banks ahum being present.
All those having Pilsener Baseball
*uit.s in their possession aro requested
to return samo to McKinnrll's Candy
store liefore Monday night.
Don't forget the big "Smoker" in th*
Courtenay Opera House on Saturday,
luxe 3rd. A splendid programme of
wreatlmg, boxing, aonga etc. hu been arranged.
Union Bay.
(Lost weeka notea)
A large crowd Raw the Moving Pictures Inst. Friday night the pictures be
ing very clear and distinct,
.Ins Haggart arrived Sunday hy fhe
Cowichan from Vancouver and hs
looked tickled to death to Iw in Union
Bay again, he returned Wednesday to
Tho U.S S. Patterson coaled and
cleared for the North S.S. Henley
cleared with cargo for Mexico Monday
R.M.S Zeulaniliii hunkered this week
.las Laird has llis launch in the
wntw after under going extensive re-
pa'is and alterations, anil it looks A 1,
Sim bears the beautiful name "8tar-
light" on the bow.
Dr D E Kerr, dentiat, will make hi*
next viait io Cumberland dun* Hth. THE ISLANDER, CUMBERLAND. B.C,
Mole Warfare—A Tale of the
Manchurian War
A volume of ibort stories has just
bi'#n published wiih tlic strange nnine-
evidenty ii pseudonym—of Ole Luki
Oie on the title page na author, Tho
volume ih entitled "Tlic Croon Curve
ami Other Stories." The tales, eleven
lu number, were written originally for
the entertainment of soldiers, aad moat
•f them lmvo appeared from time to
time in Blackwoous. The one that ful-
lews h.'tn beon slightly abrldgged by us.
At laat, after days of work, lhe ox-
•nvntiun hae been dune. Tho tictuui
tunnel—the iniue■gallery— is but a re
plirs,  life size,  of  the  mine chart  kept
with sueh prooautloni and jealous care
hy the Lieutenant-Colonel of Engineer*
ta kit little Btraw shanty down in the
lodgement whence the gallery Started,
Thin chart is plotted uut 4111 n largo
scale parehment map of the fort in
front, dog Von red and dirty beeaUBfl it
Was mailu by u Japanese engineer ulll
Mr when working, before tho war, us t\
oeolie on this very tit-fence work.
Degree for degree, foot fur foot, with
the help of theodolite, level aud plumb
hob, huu tho gallery followed its mlna-
ture prototype on the groasy parchment.
If plumb hub uud measure, level and
theodolite, huve not lied, the desired
point  underneath   tho main   parapet of
Fort ihan has now been reached.
Thn chambers excavated nt right an
fits, to contain the explosive, were cut
ts soon us the muin gallery was estimated to havo crossed below tho deep
ditch and to be well beneath the groat
parapet of tho fort, thc object to bo
blown up.'
Into these chambers tons and tons of
dynamite have been carefully curried
ami closely packed. Tho mon who
stood for hours along the gallery passing the oases from une to tho other like
water-buckets at a lire have now trooped out. The menus of firing the charge
have been put into position und con
nectod. The charge is scaled up by the
mass of frock, shale nnd earth whieh
hus been placed for somo iit'ty yards
back in tho gallery as "tamping." The
eeascless scurry to and fro of tlio min
ing trucks—those little trucks which
have run forwards empty und back
again full, their badly greased wheels
often shrieking a horror-struck protest
at their task—hns ended und tho mole-
like minerg have come up from underground.
As usual, no chances havo been taken.
As far aa possible, the menus of firing
ttie charge have in every euse boon duplicated. First, tjiere is electricity,
Fer this there aro two entirely soparate
circuits, each connected to its own set
•f detonators in tho charge and, to pre
vtnt possible damuge from clumsy foot
or falling stone, the wires have bcen
earned iu split bamboos along the gal
toy. Tbo circuits have been tested
several times and each timo the little
kick of the galvanometer noodle has
shown that there wns no break iu the
line. Besides tho electricity thero is
tke ordinary fuse, also in duplicate,
Bach ia mndo up of threo different links
■a the chain of ignition; the detonators
hi tbe charge, the length of iiiBtantan
••np-fuso from them to a point some
yards outside tho tamping, und, lastly,
the short pieco of slow-burning safety-
fuse, joined on in order to allow timo
tor escape to tho person igniting thc
Fnr away, nt varying distances, are
the guns, every one already laid on the
doomed fort. Some will fire direct,
others from behind hills, whence thc
target cannot be seen; but us soon as
the smoke of the explosion shoots up
and spreads mushroim-like into tho sky,
all will concentrate their fire on this
work. Under cover of this squall of
bursting steel and shrapnel bullets will
the assualting columns storm the breach.
The stunners ure now crouching under
•over in the lodgements and parallels,
closest to the  work.
All is roady, but not a momont too
soon, for hnve i\ot tho listeners, lying
(►rone in thoir brunch listening-galleries,
heard coming from somewhere in the
womb of Mother Earth tho strokes ot*
the Russians countermining! Has nut
the pebble placed on tho many-colored
captured Russian drum danced to the
same vibrations? Hard it is to locate,
harder still to estimate their distance;
hat without doubt tho Russians uro
working, working near at hand too.
Down the hillside is tho lodgement,
that hole which looks liko a distorted
volcanic crater. Such, in fnct, it is,
being the result of exploding a few
small minor so placed that their result
iug crater* intersect and by overlapping
form ono elongated pit, a broad and
very deep trench. The soil vomited up
hy the explosions hns formed n parapet
at) round hh it. fell back. It was when
the attnekers found that tliey could advaace no closer over tho open thnt this
pit was made. A tunnel had boon mado
np to its position—thle was the commencement of the mole's work—and
the mines exploded. At onco, oven while
the tky wan still raining rocks anil clods
of earth, the sappers and infantry advanced with a cut-like rush from the
parallel behind and seized this point of
vantage. Without delay they started
with pick and shovel to improve on the
work of the explosives. Catlike, too,
with tooth and nail havo they hung
en to their newly won position against
all counter-attneks. In vain huve the
desperate Russians surpassed thom-
selves ia their nightly attempts to try
and turn them out with bayonet, bomb
er bullet. A foothold once established,
the men of Nippon have hung on to the
apot, steadily strengthening it tho
From this lodgement was started the
gallery for the grent mine tbat is just
about to be exploded to give them a
rend into the fortress, and it is here
that all interest is now centred.
Down at the bottom of the hollow is
a small group intently watching. At the
telephone in the straw -shanty kneels
the operator. Over the top of the
parapet, above which bullets and shells
sing their way, peers the Lieutenant
Colonel. Close by, in charge, of a
heavily-built sergeant, lies a curious
innocent looking like box with a handle,
ft is the dynamo exploder. Near it two
wen are standing, «.nch holding one end
of an etootric wire in either hand. The
ends of these wires, where the metal
protrudes from its blaek insulation, are
scraped bright
The tolephono orderly speaks. The
Colonel gives un order. Quickly uud
silently tho two ends of wiro held by
nnv mun uro placed iu the dumps of the
tly a, 11110, which are screwed dowu to
grip them. The moment is fateful nnd
deud silence reigns mining the little
group, whose drawn and dirty faces
wenr if possible u more anxious
proaslon than usual. The orderly speaks
again. The Colonel turns to tho sor
genu!—" Fiie! "
The latter throws his whole weight ou
the handle, forcing it down with a pur
ring rattle, while ull cower down, hold
ing their breath.
Nothing happens.
Again—onco more is the handle jerk
ed up and forced down. Nothing hap
pens! The mun holding the second rir
cult stops forward and the exploder is
quickly connected with it. Once, twice,
three times does the handle rattle as it
is forced down, by two men now.
"Who connected this charge!"
Captain Vuintaogo of the Imperial
Japanese Engineers steps forward u"d
salutes—n small, thin mun, so coated
wilh dried sweat and earth that ho
might again be well taken for n coolio,
llo is responsible; he wus in charge;
but ho happens tn be the oue chosen
among many volunteers to go down uud
ligth tho fuse, Lf necessary, and to go
dowu and relight it should it not act
llie first time, The matter of tho failure of the electricity can wait till later.
A word, and lie turns round, picks up a
small portable electric lamp, which he
straps round his forehead, uud slings a
thick coil of safety-fuse over his shuuld
er, A salute, and he has gono dowu the
gallery, picking his wny cnrefully.
As he strides along, his thoughts run
over the possible causes of failure.    II
ponders over   a   dull   boom   which    h
fancied he hnd beard proceed from the
direction of tho tunnel somo live mlnu
tes ago, just boforo they connected with
the dynamo.   No one else had noticed
it, apparently, amid the storm of nolsi
He had decided that his ours must be
playing  him  tricks,  for  ho  had  done
much  underground listening    recently
but  now  his thoughts again revert to
this sound.
After walking for some two minutes,
he almost stumbles into an obstruction;
the left side of the gallery and tho top
have apparently fallen in. It is in
soft portion of the tunnel lined with
timbers, which aro splintered und lying
about. He hastily searches tho side
walls for a gauge mark showing the
distance from the mouth. Ho finds
one; ho is twenty yards short of the
tamping, and therefore the pile of soil
and rock is just over the ends of tin
Bafety-fuse. Whilst standing thero he
hears strokes and voices—voices close
to him.   Uo half draws his sword.
This explains the failure, llis ears
were right. The enemy havo driven
forward a tube aud cxplodod a small
counter-mine, smashing in the side of
the gallery. Well, they seem to have
succeeded in spoiling the attacker
plan, for the present at any rate. It
will be impossible to dig these tons of
earth off tho fuzes under1 some hours;
tho gallery is completely blocked. But
stay—is itl Ho sees a small patch of
darkness ou tho right-hand top corner
of the mound. Scrambling up, he digs
with his hands and finds a mere crust
of earth. Behind this tho opening is
just largo enough to crawl through. Ho
wriggles along on Ins belly between the
earth und tho roof for some ten yards,
then the mound slopes away and he
stumbles down ou to the floor again in
the small space between the obstruction and tho tamping nt the end of the
tunnel. Ho darts to the side of the tunnel aud picks np two red ropes. These
are the instantaneous-fuses.
Captain Vamatogo knows all that is
to b eknown about fuses. He knows
well that to light the instantaneous
means death, tin the flame would flash
straight down to the charge before ho
could move. Not wanting to die use
lessly, he heaves at the fuses to try and
pull them and the pieces of safety-fuse
joined to their onda from under the
load of earth. Ho pulls, but they do
not yield; dropping them, he whips out
his knife. He will cut the instantaneous nnd splice onto it a longish piece
of safety, long enough to allow him tp
get back ovor the obstruction after
lighting.   Two minutes will do it.
At that moment he again nears a
voice, still cdoser than before. Thero
no time to lose, not even two minutes; the words nre Russian. Quickly
he makes up his mind, but, his resolve
taken, ho proceeds cnlmlv. Taking ont
littlo Japaneso ting, ne sticks it into
the earth beside him, squats down nn
his heels, peels the end of tho cut fuse
and takes ont a cigarette. As he does
this, be ean-Mit help recalling with .1
grim smile thnl it must he just above
where he now squats that he was kicked
when working as a coolie, by it Russian
officer. Then hn thinks of his wife nt
homo neur Osaka, and of his two merry-
eyed Httie boys.
He lights the cigarette and takes a
long pull. Expelling tho smoke with a
hoarse cry of Banzai, he presses the end
of thc fuse hard on to tho glowing
cigarette end. There is a hiss nnd n jet
of sparks.
his ardor, and to influence her the old
mun  is said to have practised witchcraft.
0, W. Morrow, of Princo Rupert, was
ludiuu ageut ut Fort Esaington at tho
time, and he knows thu story. It Booms
that Wateboo was aeon by tho tribesmen in his eanoo, "peering into his
death-box uud muttering incantations.*'
To go out on the face of tho waters
and chant is tho favorito method of
tho hamatsu or sorcerer. Tho girl was
ono of those who saw Wateboo "making magic," tind she complained to tho
tribal council that she wus being bewitched. The old man wus prosperous
thon, nud the council wus only tuo glad
to hnvo uu excuse to seize him. The
councilors thought judicious handling
might, induce him tu pay a few dollurs
for his release. Ile was seized, bound,
and thrown into a hut, whu re for tive
dnys ho lay on tho hnrd pan and was
given liltle food. Daily tho councilors
visited him uud called upon him to confess, They could get no eoiifvssiou and
Wateboo was hustled out and dragged
to tho beach where he was tied to a
stake placed at the low-water mark,
ono of tho councillors took u rifle nnd
they sat near to watch lho waters Hund
in and drown the sorcerer.
Au Indian girl who saw tho preparations hurried oil' in u eanoo to the settlement at I'ort .hissing ton. Indian
Agent Morrow, Magistrate Ford, and
somo constables hurried to tho scene.
They found Wateboo with the tide Bulging ubout his waist, writhing in efforts
to free himself, und thc councilors
wero arrested, taken to Port Essington,
tried, convicted, and fined from $30
to $100, Even Wateboo did not escape
tho wdiitc man's justice. Ho was.charged with being u sorcerer, and admitted
that ho had laid claim to being a wizard, his claim being more in tho nature
of a bluff to induce tho girl to marry
him. He was fined $75 und bouud over
not to practice witchcraft for ten years.
A few days afterward Wateboo wus
seen in - liis canoe off the village, uud
ine of tho councillors took a rille and
wounded him. Ho wus taken to the Port
Essington hospital for treatment, and
when he recovered ho, kept away from
tho village. Ho hus ulso abandoned
tho pretensions of being a medicine
man.   He is now a fisherninu,
"Do tho Indiuns still believe in
witchcraft!" 1 asked a missionary
from the Skocna Vnlley.
"Every village hus its medicine man,
its tribal sorcerer," hu replied.
On the river steamer S'kocnu I met a
number of miners and traders irom
Hazelton and hoard more of these tragedies of superstition among the northern Indians. Those Indians aro much
more enlightened than the Kwaukiutl
of the south, the natives who still crush
the bodies of their dead into little boxes
and perch them high in the branches of
the fir trees at the water's edge; theso
Iiulinus uf the Skeeiiu have risen to patent leather shoes, and their belles uf
foet parasols and silk shirt-waists, al
beit of striking colors. Yet they fear
witchcraft. Following death in some of
the river tribes there has been murder.
The futhor has reported to the tribal
leaders that the deud son or daugkt
was bewitched, and often an innocent
young man hus been named ub the sorcerer who cast tho ovil spell.
An indian woman lay near to death iu
her home at tho Tahltan village near
Hazelton a few snows ago, and the wise
meu of the Tahltaus decided that she
had beon bewitched. The tribes ure
usually divided into clans, and tho
sick woman was of the wolf-clan, and a
wolf witch-doctor was called. He came
dressed in wolf-skins, waering a wooden mask typifying a wolf's head, and
for two hours he danced nbout the
couch of tho dying woman, occasionally
howling like a wolf and making threatening gestures which were thought to
bo necessary to drive out the witch
which had, it was believed, taken possession of tho womnn's body. The
witch did not show itself, und the woman became worse. The medicine man
told the relatives that she had been bo-
witched and that he would ascertain
who had bewitched her. With a final
howl the sorcerer dashed out of the hut
and sprang upou a young hid, the only
son of un old widow woman of the
tribe. The boy was drugged to tho
couch of the sick woman, wlio admitted
that she was bewitched, and while the
Indians crowded into tho hut, she pointed out the boy as the ono who had bewitched her.   Then she died.
Whut more evidence was needed f
In vain tho mother wept and pleaded;
vainly the boy cried and repeated again
and again that ho was not a wizard and
would not know how to make magic.
What could they do ngninst tho deathbed confession of the woman that she
hud been bowitchedt What could tbey
say ngainst thu death-bed accusation of
the bewitched klootchnmnf From this
court thero wus no appeal. While a
mother wept und pleaded nn Indian boy
was strangled to death, another victim
of superstition.
Bullock-Webster of the Provincial
olice saved ono Indian boy from the
superstitious tribesmen, who had appointed one of their number as his executioner. This brave, brought beforo
the ol.icor at Telegraph Creek, deposed:
"My name is Lolli; am a Tahltan Iu*
than the uortueru tribesn.eii, I found
a stronger belief in witchcraft than
was to be fouud auywhoro else on the
northern British Columbia coast. _a the
Tillages from Cape Mudge to Port Rupert tho brown men fear each other,
and tuKo the greatest pains to prevout
auy othor member of the tribe from obtaining thoir clothing. It is believed
that oue who can obtain possession of
soiled clothing or of some part of the
hair, nails, etc., of a person, is able to
kill the owner of these parts by witchcraft, lt is considered that tho placing of the clothing of nu enemy in a coffin would surely bring ubout his death.
I aBked old Tsakwettio of the lVnok-
dtVWB how the witeh-ductor bewitched
tho people. Ho said: "First you must
get some soiled clothing of tho mnu who
is to be bewitched. Thon get a thigh
bone from nu old gravo. Tho bono ll
split nnd some ulothing is forced intc
tlio cavity. Thon tie the bono up with
sinews taken from 11 corpse and cover
lhe whole thing with gum from a spruce
tree. To make good medicino four
bundles of this kind must bo secured
and plnced in a box. Bury the box deep
and liglit a fire over it. Then the owner
of that clothing you tuke will fall sick;
und the hotter tiio fire the greutor will
bo his puin. Finally, when tho box
hot, he must die. Only ono way can
ho escape. If his friends find tho box
before it burns and tnke out tho pieces
of clothing from tho bones, then he
will get well,
. A demonstration of the effects of
radium on enncer proved the featuro of
the proceedings of the British Medical
Association ut a recent meeting iu London, whero the distinguished Doctor
Louis Wickhnni, of Paris—ono of the
world's highest authorities on radium
therapy—dealt witli tho subject ex
hauntively. The curative influence of
indium upon cancer hus boon hotly dis
puted, but in tho light of Doctor Wick
ham's revelation tbo medical profession
must revise all itB ideas on the subjec
according to medical press comment
abroad. The points chiefly engaging
expert attention just now are thus set
forth in the London Lancet
Can radium really cure any form of
If so, how does its curative influence
actually affect the tissues'coucomodf
Can radium cure large cancers and
internal cancers?
The first query has been answered
tho affirmative by somo experts, but
there are still numbers of medical men
who find great difficulty in bolioving
that n tiny particle of radium can real
ly destroy so deadly and firmly rooted
a disease bb cancer. Nevertheless,
those professional men who heard Doctor Louis Wickhnui's lecture and who
saw the beautiful specimens and photo
graphs he exhibited can no longer doubt,
says the London Medical Journal, that
under certnin favorable conditions radium ean most certainly cure cancer,
Tho chief necessary conditions are that
the growth be accessible nnd that it
shall be small and localized. The larger
the growth the more limited will be the
beneficial effects of the applications of
radium. Hence overy offort should be
directed to detect such growths in the
earliest stages possible. To quote from
the columns from our contemporary:
"Under, these circumstances, it na
turalty follows thnt the best results
that have been obtnined by the rndium
treatment in cancer have' been where
the disease has attacked exposed parts,
such as the skin of the face nnd hands;
nlso cancer of the tongue, which is, of
course, readily accessible. Cancer of
such parts can bo detected from its very
earliest stages, and owing to the facility
with which radium can bc applied to
them gives the best chance of a cure by
its effects,
"'To understand how radium destroys
cancerous growths it is first of ull necessary to have some idea of tho constitution of such tumors. When examined
under a microscope of high magnifying
power, cancers in general are found to
consist of myriads of tiny 'cells,' more
or less globular in shnpe. which nre in
an active state of multiplication; and
it is the remarkable rapidity of multiplication which characterizes these
'cells" thnt leads to the formation of
a 'growth' or 'tumor.' No drug we
know of has the slightest effect on active enncer cells, nnd nothing short of
actually burning them up with a red-
hot cautery or strong chemicals was
known to destroy them until the X-rays
were discovered; besides tho X-rnysnnd
caustics, radium is the .only other Bub-
stanee we possess that has the property
of being able to destroy enncer cells.
"This it appears to do in pnrt by
stimulating the- healthy tissues in
hich n cancer is growing to such an
extent that they are able to gain tho
upper hand; when radium is applied to
a cancer the normal 'cells' seem to become imbued with new life, nnd the
invading cancer-cells no longer have it
all their own wny. At the snme time
tho radio-active influence hns a directly
destructive effect on the latter."
Miracles happen so often thnt wo do
dian;   I   was  declared   for  hunting  at]not   notice   them.    But   The  Observer,
How long is it since tho pas
tiaio of burning 2witches was abandoned! Many years, isn't itt On the
British Columbia coast, however, there
are .still occasional tragedies of superstition. At Princo Rupert I found
Dnniel Wateboo, a poor old Indian, sitting on the edge of a canoe, an old
mau with a face like wrinkled leather,
overtanned, clad in the cast-off clothing
of a settler. Ho had come from the
home village to see the Oreat Whito
To look at the consumptive old man
one would scarcely credit him with
witchcraft, much less with putting a
tribe in spasms of fear—but if you ask
the Kitkatlahs they will tell you that
Dnniel Wateboo was a devil. As a
matter of fact, all that the old man
did was to fall in love with an Indian
womnn. The thing occurred a fow
years ago. Daniel pressed his suit with
nil the vigor of a young man, but the
object of his quest did not reciprocate
which .loe <'1111 Hum was to be disemboweled bv uie and his body sunk in
Stlkine River, fur having bewitched a
girl of our tribe. I believe in witch
craft. My tribe hns always believed
in witchcraft and has executed witcheB.
I do not know it is wrong. I believe it
is right."
An Indian girl had died in Lolli's vi!
lage, and before her death she hud cried
out that witches were deseroyiug her
nml that .Toe Cullihan. an orphan boy,
twelve years of age, from one of the
coast tribes, had bewitched hor. Joo,
of course, denied the story; but the
girl hud accused him in hcr ante-mortem
statement, und no further evidence
was needed. Joe was tied up by his
thumbs wnile arrangements were made
regarding his disposal. Lolli was appointed as executioner, and preparations wore begun for the killing of the
wizard, meanwhile, Bullock-Webster
wns informed, nnd his officers hurried to
the village and rescued Joe. Lolli escaped, but was later brought in by Indians for a reward.
Joe, the supposed wizard, recently
graduated from the Indian school at
Metlakatlab, where he wae placed following the intervention of Rov. B. Ap-
pleyard, a missionary.
At Albert Bay, where the Kwaukiutls
live in a picturesque cluster of un-
plumbed illahees on the shingle of n
pretty  bay,  a  people   mor*?  backward
true to its name, records some interest
iug observations on a recent phenom
"If it were not thnt a newspaper
lives for today, and neither for yesterday nor tomorrow, a common occurrence like a fni) of black Bnow would
hardly have boen worth recording. They
hnvo had one in the lower Rmmon valley, above the Lake of Brienn, where
the snow is snid to have been as black
as if it had lain in a city for a week.
We can match tho portent ourselves.
Some years ago there was a fall of
'blood-rnin' in Cambden square, due to
tho presence of swarms of a minute
moving water-plant, known as 'Sphoen-
ella pluvialis.' An organism closely allied to it gives the color to red snow,
which hns been known to fall at Car-
mola, in Oermany, in Italy, in the Tyrol, and within the Arctic circle. Sand
also causes red snow; at least Professor
Snlcher was of opinion that the phenomenon in the south of Europe was due
to the sand of the Saraha carried
aerosB the Mediterranean by the sirocco. ''
To those watching, great Fuslyuma
itself seems to erupt skywards from the
Fort of —-shan. Within two minutes
the men of his company are running
and stumbling high above what was
once Captain Yamntogo of the Imperial
Miss Agnes Laut, iu a rocqjit article
in The Globe advocating the establishment of a national library for Canada,
called nttoution to tho imperfect condition of our national records. Sho ventured to say that there are moro materials for every part of Cauudiuu history (including Quebec) to be found in
tho libraries and archives of the United
Btatos than thore are to bo found in
Caundn itself; and, although perhaps
Miss Laut in what she said did not do
sufficient justice to the splendid work
being carried on at present by the Archives Department ut Ottawa, uo one
who is familiar with the facts will question the truth of her statement. If au
Inventory were tnken of the original
materials that exist for Canadian history, must people would be shucked to
find what inroads had been made ou
them by time and neglect, (laps exist
which may never be bridged over; and
truth is in many cases drowned at, the
bottom  of the well.
In the first place, Canadian history
has sull'ered vrey severely from lire. It
is now almost certain that the official records of tho colony of New
France up to 16Q8, tho .Registers de
l'Anoion Conseil (Registers of tho Old
Council),' which would have thrown a
flood of light ou the early history of
Canada hud they been preserved, were
destroyed in the fire which consumed
tho Intendent'b palace ut Quebec- in
1718. At least, the most diligent
search by various Canadians und antiquarians hus fulled to reveal any sign
of their preservation. In 1840 another
severe loss was sustained by Cuimdian
history when the Parliament buildings
at Montreal were burnt to the ground
by the mob that rotton-eggou Lord
Elgin, The Legislative Library, all of
which went up in smoke, contained
mnny rare and some unique editions of
Canadians, and n mass of documents
relating to the French regime which
had been collected by the learned bi
brurian M. Faribault. A considerable
part of this collection can never be replaced. Five years later, in 1854,
when the Legislature had removed to
Quebec, there was nnother conflagration iu tho Parliament buildings, and
the Legislative Library was burned a
second time. The loss on "this occasion, however, was naturally not bc
great as it hud beeu in 1848. lu 1802
the library of the University of Tor
onto was burned; and last year tho li
brary of tho Provincial Legislature of
Ontario Buffered the samo fute in the
fire which destroyed tho west end of
the Parliament * buildings. In both
these enses there were rare and valuable editions of books on Canadian
history that perished. Thu Archives
of Ontario, it is true, survival, but it
would have boen no very great less
if they had perished, too.
Vandalism and neglect havo done
their part as well aB (Ire. The official
papers dealing with tbe French period
have had a most romantic career,
When the French authorities left Canada in 1760 they took nil their State
papers with them, lu Paris these pa
pers wero deposited in the Archive!
of the Marino, where tho official corres
pondence between tho King's Ministers
and the Canadian Oovernment hnd always been kept. In 1763 the Archives
of the Marino were removed to Ver
sailles, and they were there when the
French Revolution broke out. During
tho whole course of tho revolution they
reiuuined there in a state of complete
neglect in a public building; iu 1793
a squad of the National Guard wns
quartered iu the building where they
were deposited, and during the five
weeks of tho winter, which was a very-
severe oue, the soldiers used the precious . documents about thom to keep
tlieir stove burning. In 1815 another
tttastropbe befell them. An official
of tho restored Bourbon Oovernment,
having been given the building where
the Archives of the Marine were kept,
found thnt ho did not have room for his
secrotnry to turn around in; so he hold
what tho French cull a "triage"—
that is, he kept na many papers us he
had room for, und the rest he sent
away to the grocers of Versailles to
wrap their vegetables in. Encouraged,
doubtless by his example, nnother functionary, in 1830, deliberately plundered
the archives. Ho sold whole bundles of
documents by weight; what he got for
thein we do not know, but some of the
documents were bought by autograph-
oiled ors at the rate of one cent a
document. Tn 1811" the Director of
the Archives reported: "Prompt repairs must bo made in tbe roof of the
Archives building. The papers of the
upper floor are inundated; nud the
downpour of last night has completely
ruined a score of cases full of docu
ments that were useful, and already
classified." In 18117 the Archives of
the Marine were onco more transferred
to Paris; nnd it is there that the rep
resentntives of the Dominion Oovernment have copied the documents which
are In the Archives Department at
In some respects, the sources for
Canadian history since 1703 nre less
ample thnn for the Fronch period. The
pnpers of prominent men, such as William Lyon Mackenzie, George Brown,
Sir Jobn A. Macdonald and Sir Oliver
Mowat, have beeu preserved, and biographies have been published based on
au examination of these papers. But
there are many figures of the second
rank in Onnadian history about whom
it is exceedingly difficult to learn anything. The first Premier of Ontario,
John Bandfieid Macdonald, was a prominent figure in the political life of
hiB day, both under the Union and
under Confederation; yet no trace can
be discovered of hiB papore, no biography has been published about him.
and the student of his life has to rely
on stray notices in the newspapers of
those days. Nor is the condition of the
newspaper flies any too satisfactory.
Only one complete set of The Quebec
Oasette, the first paper published In
Cnnada, is known to exist, and readers
of The Olobe may not be aware tnat
there ia only one complete set of The
Olobe in existence—that in tbe Legislative Library at Ottawa. Of a great
many early newspapers hardly a volume remains. And of William Lyon
Mackenzie's Almanacs, published between   1830-1834,  only   one   (No.   II.)
remains iu existence. The havoe that
hus been wrought among early Cu-
adiau books ami newspapers is largely
tho result of the burning dewa ef m
mnny libraries nud newspaper brild
A good example of the Tirituivadai-
through which many Canadians hava
gone is to be found in the history of
The Jesuits' Journal (1045-1(168), The
MSS. was preserved by the Jesuit Pa
thers until after the Conquest) but M
the abolition of the ordor by the Pope
in 17711 it disappeared, ll was found (■
1818 by Mr. Cochrane, Private Swore
tary to the (lovemur, Mir Jobs Cope
Hhorbrooko, Mr. Cochrane found it, W
gether with some wnste puper, sara
lessly placed at the bottom of a sup
board (in what building does sot ap
pear), and evidently designed, MMAl
ur later, to furnish matter to light IV
stove. Tho MSB, was seen by M. Jas
quoa Vigor, nu curly Cuuadiaa auti
quuriun, who very carefully uopted it.
and in 1871 uu edition of tbe Thr
Journal was printed by tbe Abba* Lt
verdiero and Cusgrnin from U. Vigor V
copy. Nearly all the edition, however.
was destroyed by n tire in the nrewisef'
of the publisher at Ottawa, and a enpy
of The Journal is therefore today e«
coed ingly rare,
Tho Archives Department at OHa
wn, which deserves the prntitade ei'
every scholar and every Canadiaa, ban
dune a groat deal to retrieve our lo«en
But doubtless there are still disoaverie*
thut remain to be made, In tho mosl
unlikely comers will be found lost and
forgotten manuscripts which will threw
now light un our past.
Cattle men have a saying that the
surest way to lose money, is to get
iuto the business of exporting cattle.
There is more iu this of truth thaa
pleasant memory to many enterprising
men, aud tbo best lessou which lots
of them hnvo ever learned frum their
costly experience bas been to leave
the  business nlono.
There is ulways a strong tincture ef
speculation in buying and shipping te
u foreign market. This is always true
of tho Old Country market, which
draws its supplies from bo many for off
portions of the world. In the case ef
meat supplies, it is easy to understand
the uncertainties which muat neeee
surily attend the trade. Meat euppliee
for "the Old Country come from Cu
udu and tho United States, from South
America, from Australia and New Xea
land. The price which each contrib
utor must receive for his goods, de
pending upon the lawa of supply and
demand, must thus be subject te u
array of conditions far too widely
spread for any single banded speculator
to grasp with uny adoquute degree
of comprehension.
The big companies operating ia the
United Stntes, in Australia and New
Zealand nnd in the Argentine were
better prepared to denl with the aitua
tion. Th'Oy hud correspondent* and
agents who kept them posted. Ia the
case of the United States, it wm the
turn of a penny whether the big steer*
went to the Old Contury on foot or ea
the meat hooks. Prices for tallow, fer
hides or for meat might make the dif
ference. Other countries only attempt
ed the deud meat trade. In thii matter
Canada was unique, for cnttle sent over
only on foot, and thero was little dreea
ed meat alternative,
Since the advent of the represents
tive of the American packing house ea
the Canadian cnttle markets, however,
there has beon some improvement ia
tho situation. He is not an individual
speculator, but the representative ef
well-informed interests. llo know*
what he is expected to do, nnd the re
suit of his work generally nets a far
smaller percentage of loss than did
thnt of the small buyer or shipper.
When there is less loss, the situation
is generally stronger, and smaller gee
oral margins will ensue au equal profit.
An exumple of the value of such ne
curate information transpired a while
ago, when tho price for export steera
dropped on the Toronto market, in the
face of strong Old Country eablea.
But receipts of big1 steers of export
grade on the American markets bad
been large, and home demand for that
class was not active. Nothing would
be more natural than that numbers of
these would be forwarded on the feet
to the Old Country, and whea theae
reached the Old Country lower price*
were apt to result. It was one of the
times when under the old conditions
a f**v,' home buyers on export account
would have been "nipped," while with
wider and later information, the rep
reeentative of tbe big abattoir aaved
the   situation.
l'nder the present system of buy
ing from the farmor tho loss was pan
ed along to tho couutry shipper. Maay
of theso suffered rather heavy lnaaee,
having bought on the strength ef Old
Country reports themselves.
Were it possible to obtain acenrate
dntn regarding not only Old Conditions,
but reports of the killings, and shipments from all tho countries contribn
tory to the Old Country market, the*
not only the shipper, but the farmer
nnd stock-breeder could then know jist
where tbey were at in the businees, and
nu approximate estimate made of what
market conditions would bo like whea
animals'would reach the Old Country.
At tho present time, abbattotrs ud
packing-houses Interested in foreign
meat markets obtain this for themselves. It is possible that these might
find It in thoir interest to issue information for the guidance of buyer* at
country points, but the factor of responsibility which thia might involve
In cases where prognostications went
wrong, would be something which they
wonld not care to assume even in the
slightest degree.
People who make it a practice to alt
in basement rooms finally become rhen
matic; they take cold easily and their
general vitality becomes lowered. It ie
unwise to live below the surface of the
Canal Worker's Experience
time ago I eume to this place to
ea the canal nnd through iuele
weather and exposuro contracted
kind of neuralgia. Tho puin
my forheud so that I couldu 't
aee; tt was just awful. I went to a
tNgprt hi town aud was advised to
mm a Ste. bottle of Nerviline. That
wm the beet advice and the beat mediate* I ever got, 1 will always reeom-
■emi NerTiline for auy ache or pain.
It to m strong and penetrating it is
band te eare.
A. B. Giorgi.
Trenton, Ont
will tel) you that nothing
bat the purest and most healing auti-
sapite drags are used in Nerviline—
th*t'e why it so safe for family use.
fm the Wby ae well as the parent. If
ym haven't tried Nerviline, do bo now
—year asigfabors are almost sure to
toiw Iti manifold merits and usee.
FBOM   il.
Aeeerding to the investigations of a
derma* botanist, out of forty-three
bmsJieJ epeeiee of flowers cultivated
ui Aerepe ealy four hundred and twenty
■a aa agreeable perfume. Flowers
white or cream colored petals, we
a*a teld, are more frequently odorifer-
eu thu others. Next in ordor come
Ae yettew flowera, then tho rod, after
dheaa the bine, und finally tho violet,
whereof ealy thirteen vuritios out of
three hundred nud eight give off n pleas
iu perfume. In the whole list, as compiled hy this authority, thirty-three
h«B4red nnd eighty varieties are offen-
-fo% ia edor, and twenty-three hundred
aav* ae perceptible smell, either good
Strietty speukiug, with the tip of thc
tea/** oae cannot really tnsto nt nil
If you put n drop of oil of bitter nl
meads on thnt part of thu mouth yoo
will fad that It produces uo-Ctfcot of
uip Mrt. Vou only laste it when it
hagft-a slowly to dltfusO itself and
reaahet the true tasting roglon in thr
iniddli" difltanco. lint if ynu put a
little anstnrd or cayenne on the same
part you wilt find thai it biles you immediately—the experiment should bo
tned eparingly In order nol to blister
tho teagvfr—whiln if you pul ii lower
(Iowa iu the mouth you wil] swnllow
it alfinwt without noticing tho pnngon-
ct of the stimubini.   The reason is that
the tip of Hi" tongue I-
with tho nerves of tiun-li,
taete proper, which go
sentre of tho brain toge
v«ry aiuiilar threads wblch supply tho
nerves ef smell for mustard or popper.
That [a why tho smell and tasle of these
pungent substances are so much alike,
iut everybody musl hnve mi! iced, n
uood sniff nt a inuftofd pot producing
.iJnioKt thc snme Irritating otTecta as an
laeantious dose.
led only
crves of
villi  the
Whwe foul sin.
sorbs ihem, aud i
oeo. Water which
iu an opeu, voesol
for drinking, unles
bettor veatiTated tli
pxIbI wnter ab
then not  fi!  for
■ stood all night
bod room is unfit
io renin bo much
bedrooms usual I v
Fa Red. t/mk. Wa;, V«j Er*
■■hm Dual mmt lum t— tu.
U_ t~!—-_. Um— Hm Vm, tl M.
-ma.   t- Mm ks Aas*. TU» IV SIM.
Rurlna Ey* Ramatfy C*, Chicago
The Mystic
I   I'plilni the Hditi al
tkuweii.  ■) ,11... , |,.in
th)W     to   a--,..:.'-!     sni
tniUM   jQttt   t.■.?,. ik
bent v ■.:,in*l
t~ 25c
Tlic Mystic
Dream Book
It  Uw  unit  tHi.f,.'U
tuld* t" Um tV;u,_',.>\
tit C: SMUI,     yfyj   WtuTTJ
•l»-i tha uie&nlntf of
four ilrcnm   » .,.-n   /oi
can rttthli hook
poatpaid (or,...  2jC
"Toaatt and
la a bonk yon ihnti.4
b*v«. !fMi<li-4brliik:(K.r*
i,,.t tin beat .•..■!.«
af tti*»la - -pr „ ,,i,, it
amUini itta * ' i» ol
•om* cf Uib (>•«! knows
Md bMt tend Ullafe
Baat •»■»■■■ i
for.. .
Tho M,xpJ«
Leaf Reciter
*\_A tlo'U of t. Ui.ua
Coqui- • Mtwtli m trtsm
|1h trritipm of i.k.bb
QMHMr, Y/tllimn fl.
Droninioiin, Muriij.
Kalth «..:! otbiT (UBOOI
C:>na<!ku *'■■! AiuftifW
•Ulhor       "
poftpmj tot..
fiook of Modern
Contain* ovar 1.000 of
iha bnt end fuanJHl
RldJIfs In tba -wil
It'» roon pee*   .
9-itltty*   12c
■'.:..   of  tbvso   booki   will  be •■•■it  oo
rucofpt uf iht price mentioned nbove iu
STAMPS or coin.   For one dollar all
five bock* or* your*.
42 Adelaide St. West - Torouto
COULD anything bt> mora attractive than the display of
spring millinery in tlio shop!* juat nowf The bright
flowers, ribbons nud feathers; the original shapes—Borne it
must bu confotided, rather eccentric, others attractively picturesque, and some practical, becoming and smart—present
an almost unlimited range of styles and colors from which to
make a choice.
To the question aaked whenover new hats are exhibited
WUI large or small hats be the more popular? the answer is
Both will be fashionable.
Any woman ought to be ablo to find a hat to suit her this
spring. She can be as freakish or as conservative as ahe will.
She can wear a hat that is enormous, medium or miscroscopic
in size. She can add cubits to her stature by her hat or don
a shape as flat aB a pancake. She can turn her hat up in the
baek or in front or at the sides or both front and back or
not at all. She ean choose feathers or flowers or ribbon for
trimming. She can select coarst straw or fine. She can pull
her hat far down over oars and brow or pose it rationally.
Yes. there are hata for all women, but there's a strong
probability tbat a large percentage of the women will not
find their own hats.
•   •    ■
A majority of tho models aro tryiug and demand either
extreme smnrtuuBS or docidod prottiness of the womhu who
is to wear any of them successfully.
Canadian Novelist aud Historian
Much depends upon bow thu hulr is arranged ns to whether
or nol Ibe lias is becoming. The fashion i.s universally nccept*
od, for tiie moment, in which lhe linlr is arrnilgod without tho
pompadour, or with a verv small one, with the hair drawn
over tlm ears.
Manv of the newest huts have been designed lor the
covered ears ami are intended to bo worn covering the entire
bead, but this is too trying u fuahiou and is modified to u
great extent: at the same timo the close fitting shapes ure
attractive, if not too close nor too small.
With many of tho shapes women are already familiar, for
thev nre either repetitions or modifications of winter shapes.
This is particularly true of the toques in bowl, melon, Pierrot
Persian and other forms; but these toques have for the most
part tukou on added height aud they work out charming!
in the stiaw braids.
The variety in these braids is amazing. Everything is
used from the fluost to the conrsest, und the finest Is won
dorfully fine, while tho coarsest is coarser than ever before
Onlv one thing is taboo ami that is weight. The coarsest of
the braids are surprisingly light ami, as a. rule, surprisingly
supple us well, so that they may be draped and shaped
almost as readily ns tin1 fine braids. .
The Btrlpes run lengthwise und nro usually in black and
white or black nm! color uud quite narrow. The width
is from six to eight inches and the stuff can bo handled like
ribbon, though', of course, it does uot knot so closely, nnd instead of being tied the loops and ends are usually held by
some ornament.
Striped braid of the same line, supple sort is also used for
dmped or plain crowns with good effect.
Dark straw hats with bows of fancy ribbon and with
brims faced with velvet nre fashionable this spring, nud
there are many variations in tho same style. It is, however,
not so practical as might be thought, for light ribbons deface
quickly, but for tho woman who can buy what she likes the
purchase is a good one.
Black nm] white is an extremely fashinnabio combination
this spring, and is seen to great advantage iu millinery.
Some of the most churmiug hats are white with black trimming and vice versa. The brim, edged with black velvet
or faced with it, and the black velvet bows may not be
strikingly novel or Original, but ure most becoming und
smart, while an all black hat that might seem too sombre is
transferred by the white wings or feathers, Kuncv black
straw braid with just un edge of velvet or binding to the
brim and with a full white aigrotte or two or three long
ostrich plumes, is very smart, while tho larger shnpo, with
brim  turned  up at  the left, is au ohl  favorite.
The big bow in the bnck comes in wilh the hnt trimmed
squiirely up iu the back, u one time favorite that is here
again this spring, and will be welcomed by many women,
for u largo percentage of lhe hats turned up In lhe baek are
turned down in the front, and tlioro'a no denying thut the
,-hudowing brim is more merciful to the woman past her early
youth than is any version of brim rolling nwny from the
tae,- or narrow and eut off iu a Btintghl  lino ncroBS the brow.
Itut tei (lies iu ovory imaginable itiaterlol and size are
shown among the millinery trimmings, Thoy nro In straw,
in bice, in silk, iu feathers and ate used to head long quill
fancy plum en, to hold ribbon bowB, or ns the only trimming
Of toques or BOVOro hats, depending upon their shape, color
nnd material ralher than their olnborntion for cachet. Mercury wings, too, nre in demaml ami are used In many sizes
Long quills made of velvet or o. flexible straw give good
tailored effects and( the numbor cvf fancy feather trimmings
is legion. The superb ostrich plumes which are freely used
Oil botll large and small hats. Shaded colorings are much
uaed this senson, but the one-toned colorings are popular too,
and here as everywhere one finds the note of vivid color
Masses of fine plumage of tho egret order, brushes of sliff
feathers, high coque plume agrets, nnv and overy sorl of
upstanding feather, winch will lend height to the lis! an
used, and there are still' brushes of straw fibre ami of horse
hair, stnrting rrom ornaments of the same material which
trima tailored street lints smnrlly,
The high . rowiioil. roll brim, smnll hnt, with its two up
standing plumes lending it extreme height, is a fair exampt
of the sort of thing the milliners are doing with ostrich
plumes in connection with the small hnt—nnd they nre many
desplto   what   SOniQ  chroniclers would   have  pQOp.C   believe--
•ire nol usually built up to great height, oven when ostrich
plumes trim Litem.
a   •   •
The Parisian dressmakers hnve thrown themselves Into
the work of launching tho now "trouscr" skirt, with even
greater energy thnn they displayed whon thc sheath skirt
and hobble skirt mude tlieir appearances. At the Auteuil
rneoB und ut fushionnble gatherings in the liois, quite a num
ber have been seen, and not all worn by girls from the dress
makers', while models are beiug snapped up almost as booh
as tbey are yu show.
There is a good deal of exaggeration in the styles. Some
of the skirts are so frankly ''divided" as to be nothing
short of trousers. The favorite style, so far, is to cover the
trousers with a close-fitting tunic, slit up the sides. Another
form is to havo pjieh unkle enclosed in what one might call
the commencement "i nu Ka-.-m pantaloon, which formation
ceases about twelve inches up, '.he whole being encased in a
tunic, without slit-, reaching to nbom vis inches off the
ground. Ho far one tuny hazard lhe criticism tbat tbe new
departure is hardly likely to bu widuly taken up, even by
fashionable women—and yet one never knows. The same
might have been said of the "hobble" skirt, yet whut a sue
cess it had.
It need scarcely be said that there are two camps; those
who are for, and those who are against the "jupe-culotte,"
and it must be acknowledged that even the prettiest dresses
look old-fashioned by the side of thia revolutionary garment.
At all events, skirts will be narrow, that is decided.
It seems that jackets are tending to beeoroe, if anything,
a little longer, though not more than half-length at tho very
most, and with quite short ones still vory fashionable.
Tailor-made skirts remain short; many retain the apron panel
in the front reaching from waist to hem, but in this case
there is more trimming of braid or gnloons about tiie back
and sides sot In regular designs, in otber cases the apron is
carried right across to tho sideo, and evon in aome cases right
round to tbe back nt the top, tbe back part being brought
round to the front lower down, and almost meeting. This
latter stylo gives a very straight tight effect, best suited to
very slim figures.
In costumes, tho trimmings of the skirt huvo their
counterpart on tho jacket—stitchiugs, buttons, braid, or gal-
oons aro usod upon the basquo or about the waist, always in
some fixed design, so as to increase the slim effect of tho
wholo costume, Jackets now usually fasten vory fnr down,
bo as to leavo plenty of room for tho big jnbot of tucked
lawn, tulle, or luce, whose note of white will brighten up
most of the spring costumes. Ab regards tho collars of
jackets, there is plenty of variety. We have sailor collars
cut square across the chost in front, others may be pointed,
others, again, fall in looso, wide lapels; whilo there ure some
very smart ones which are stretched down right across the
upper pnrt of the jacket, and are really more of a yoke than
a cellar. These last-nntned, however, require a very good
tailor to cut thom correctly.
Por thu practical woman who walks and likes to be
suitably dressed the sorgo costume is indispensable, and if
sho has u leaning to the '*jupo-cnlotto." or divided skirt,
it will bo worn beneath the straight skirt of serge, with an
opening on each side to allow of tho free uso of the limbs
and to most people will pass unobserved.
The opening of a skirt on either side from the hips to tho
foot is not altogether unpractical, and in truth gives greater
ease in walking. And, after all, if a woman likes to cm-use
herself in a divided skirt, in satin, dark blue, or black, finishing with a tight elastic at tho ankles, who will object if
a second skirt reaches to the feot.
Thoro is a tight, round skirt that may or may not huvo
n "jupe-culotto" beneath it. For the general public it is
qulto normal, iu fine blue serge, with wide b'ack braidings,
ami a whito embroidered muslin collar and cuffs, giving the
tirst spring ..etc
Don't use ammonia, soda or salts or tartar when washing
tho head. Thoy turn the hair gray. Use nothing but good
soap, soft water and a little suit.
Don't rub the face with a harsh towel.
Don 't use cheap creams.
Don't use boat or friction on the face if you have a
tendency to hair growth.
Don't brush fine or medium hair.    Use :» coarse comb.
Dou't use depilutories for the removal of superfluous hair.
They increase the growth.
Don't, singe the ends of the hair. It causes the hair to
split again und makes it harsh nnd brittle. Simply clip lhe
split ends.
Don't steam the face.    It acts like hot water.
Dou't let your hnlr hang to dry after washing it. Hub it
with worm towels till thoroughly dry.
Don't massage the face longer thnn fifteen minutes nt a
Chartreuse of Chicken.—Butter a pudding mould or a lard
pail and line it,with an inch layer of boiled and well-seasoned
rice. Fill the centre with n mixture made of two cupfulls
of cold, finely chopped chicken, a tablespoonful of butter,
half n cup of breadcrumbs, one egg and enough chicken
gravy or milk to moisten well; then season with salt, pepptfr
and a little onion juice, parsley and celery.    Put a layer of
rice over all so lhe chicken will be entirely covered, and
COVer the whnl.. to keop oul tha moisture, using buttered
paper Lf thoro is no lid to the mould. Btenin for forty inln
ules, turn out on fl hot dish and garnish with parsley. Serve
with chicken gravy, mushroom or tomato sauco. Turkey,
beef, venl, pork or mutton may bo used the same way.
Eggs Shirred iu Tomatoes,—Cut oui circular pi s from
llie stem ends of tomatoes ami remove part of the pulp. Sen
son with salt and pepper, onion juice and chopped parsley.
Break nu egg Into each tomato hnd cook in a slow oven until
the eggs are set..   Sorve on rounds of hot buttered toast.
A Vory Fancy Easter Pudding.—Cook one fourth of a cup
of cornstarch In a pint of hot milk twenty minutes, Add one-
fourth of n cup of sugar and the stiffly beaten whites of two
eggs. Flavor to tustc and mould blue violets iu [onion jolly.
When ready to serve turn oul of tho mould, having tho jelly
above th0 cornstarch. Garnish with violets and serve with
boiled custard.
Salplcon of Fruit in Giapo-Frult Baskets—Cut grope fruit
in halves. Remove und save pulp nml juice, discarding the
fibrous part. Scallop the edges of the skins nnd put on ice
fill serving lime, then fill with tho juice and pulp of lhe
fruit, while grapes, skinned and seeded and thin slices of
bananas, all chilled ami mixed with powdered sugar.
Banana Cream Cake.—Cream one-third of a cup of butter
with o f sugar.   Add two well beaten eggs, half a cup
of milk and one aud three-quarter Clips of flour sifted wifh
two and a half (level) teaspoonfuls of baking powder. When
baked, dispose on the top four bananas, peeled und cut in
halves lengthwise. Cover with thick cream filling and meringue.    Brown delicately und servo with hot jelly sauce.
By J. H. Hale.
For tho reason that an apple tree
once planted in fairly congenial soil
will take care of itself aud produce
some fruit, the tondency has been to
take from the tree whatever was corning and givo little or nothing in return
The apple early became an artiote ef
Bale, but commercial orcharding, as a
special business on uny extended scale,
is of comparatively recent origin. Fungus troubles and insect pests caused a
steady deterioration in appearance, if
not in quality, while tho greater culture
as well as wealth of our people made
au ever-increasing demand for fruits
that were beautiful as well as good.
Consequently the apple had to tako a
back seat and make way for peaches,
oranges, grapes, and other small fruites
for table use because of their finer
appearance. Whoever remember the
apples of even ten years ago, and com
pares thom with tbose now on the mar
ket the present season, must wonder
what has been taking place in the orchards. While it is true that many of
tho offerings are from new orchards of
tho Rocky Mountain country and the
far Northwest, much of the very finest
of fruit has come from old trees thnt
not so long ago produced only dull-
skinned, specked, and wormy apples.
The fact is that we are just learning
that nearly every branch of agriculture
is a sort of manufacturing process; the
soil, seed, and plant being only a part
of the machinery of production,
These modern methods require five
or six oproationB n year upon the treo
itself, and, being somewhat difficult to
prnctico upon the old-style, high-headed tree, nearly nil now plantings are
made with nursery trees headed much
lower than was formerly tho custom,
and a plan of yearly pruning adopted
that alms to make a broad, open-headed
tree so close to the ground that most
of these operations can be enrried on
without the uso of a ladder.
To the amateur tho word pruning
sounds a bit scientific and unattainable,
while in actual practice little is required aside from every-day horse sense, a
good pruning knlfo, and a saw,
Yot, while it is ono of the essentials
f  fine. fruit  production, no  ono  need
expect perfect fruit from pruning alone.
The broad, low, open head is most desirable for the apple tree, but you can
Main most any shape or offect you like
by'annually cutting out all crowding
branches, that there may be plenty of
room for the sunlight and nir. Whatever branches need checking Iu the.r
upward or ont word growth should h«
cut that will start out tho now
the side of the branch l( the direction
you wish the new growth to tako; for
it is these littlo buds nearest to the ond
Cut start that will start out the new
nnd strongest growth of the following
season and thus be the leaders in that
Pruning when tree or plant is in dormant condition tends to stimulate new
and rapid wood growth, which is desirable in young trees, while to prune In
tho early summer season, when a tree
is in full vigor of growth, checks wood
growth and tends to fruitfiilness. Therefore, as a general proposition, trim
young apple trees in lute February or
March, when dormant, and the older
fruiting trees in lute May or early .hine.
This nf least   Is lo be iqy praeficc on
Pimples,   Eruptions   and
At this wmson, scorou uf (Mtpto—
girto aud young women twpecuUy—
lind tbeir faces disfigured bjr aiMMW,
durk sputs, eruptions, ete. Tb* dti*
needs attention—needs renoratisg after the trying timo it baa passrl
through during the winter.
Just think whut it has gone thraogkl
Vou have been out in rain ami ateet
and snow. Vou have been at mm
moment perspiring from akaiiag, *r
somo otber exertion. Then yoa hare
stood to "cool off." Yon hav* .peat
houra of tho day indoors at a toapara-
ture equal to summer heat. Tlm yoo
have covered up yeur skis—exeept
yonr faeo—and gone out into a Urn-
perature away below aero I No woader
that, with nil these changes, Um akia
of the face and neck shew* aigas tf
needing attention.
Znmlluk und /.urn-Biik Soap ara tbe
remedies. Hmear Zam-Huk lightly *mr
tho spots, the ruptions, tho sallow
patches at night, sud wash witk Zam-
Buk Honii (only 25c. por tablet) eaet
day. Then notice how quickly yonr
appearance improves. As tbe nek, refined, herbal ossenceB sink deep lata
the tissue, tbe hard, scurfy.like patches
are removed. Better color reaalts.
The cells of tho skin become transparent. The blood beneath is able ta ins
part its proper coloring to the tissue,
and the deliente bloom of health re
places the sallowuess and paJUr tf
Zam-Buk is ulso a sure cure for akia
injuries and disoascs. Eczema, aleers,
ringworm, yield to its use. Y*r ents,
burns, bruises, children's rushes, etc.,
it is unequalled, and for piles. Mothers will find Zam-Buk 8onp beat far
baby's bathl AH druggists and stores
nt 50c. box for Zani-Biik and 85c. tablet (or .1 for 70c.) fur the Soap. If
you have nny difficulty in obtaining,
order from ZnnvBuk Co., Toronto, **4
send price.
chards <
nm trvi
tho I.u
thnnds I
wout ni
cnsily c
tile Anil
niiiK nn
ure or i
In- chei
pies mn
is fnr I
tho rooky iiiii In
t nlil,
down whero
in order to
s, where r
;ip|ili'S for
thai   do
lity, und I
ve cnn
nit nu
ches I'.v pruning, thin
iilcliinj: willi *tnli]i> mnn
arse iniitcriiil re-enforcei
cr. fairly good ap
i i sod land. lint, ii
the laud whonevot
That is a barbarous way of treating
corns — dnnporous, too. Any corn,
bunion or callous can be removed quickly and painlessly by Putnam's (lorn
Extractor, marl; the name. Safe,
prompt, painless. Wold by druggist*.
Price B6c.
SMohb Gum
aulcMy HlopA cDudba,  cores cold*.  hra|a
i» thr- M aud luaii**      •   •   *       _\9 cast*.
Worms cause frctftllness and rob the
infant of sloop, the great nourish er.
Mothor   Graves    Worm   Exterminator
will   clear   the   stomach   and   intestines
and restore healthfulnesB.
possible  for ul   least  the three earlier
growing months of each kcusoii.
For the avorage family a single tree
each of such varieties ns Yellow Transparent, Red Astrachnn, Golden Sweet,
Wealthy Full Pippin, Mcintosh 1I<m1 nml
Hubbnrdston would giye a aontinuotu
supply from early summer until winter,
while two trees each of throe or four
of the best winter varieties, most suitable to the section where the orchard
Is located, would, if properly stored,
give u full -upply until new apples came
again. Or where one's grounds are
limited, two or three of the summer
varieties may be budded or grafted into one tree, and still furnish a supply
of each variety sufficient for u m«der-
nto-sized family.
An Always Ready Pill.—To t.h«w of
regular habit medicine Is of little concern, but the ureal, majority of moi
uie nut of regular habit. The worry
and cares of business prevent it, and
out of the Irregularity of life comcc
dyspepsia, Indigestion, liver uad kidney troubles as it protest. The rundown syBtem demands n corrective and
there ia none better than Parmelce's
Vegetable Pills. Tliey are simple io
their composition, nud can he takes by
the most  delicately constituted.
.Afraid fo Eaf ?.
NA-pRU-CQ ____itm TABiETS
ind you won't know you have a stomach. They will see to it
that your food is properly digested. They are among the
best ot" the NA-DRU-CO preparations, compounded by
expert chemists and guaranteed by the largest wholesale
druggists in Canada. 50c. a box. It" your druggist has not
stocked them yet, send us 50c. and we will mail yuu a box.
—a—mwmmsmaumaawmm ts_. _-._?_■—.t.icx.'tiriiA-
This Label Means
BeBt iMateriflla, Hutt Workmanflhip,
Host Pit and Durability. Not uncos-
Bury to tako our word alone for it—
try a pair for yourself. We know that
onco you hava worn
King of the Road
Oralis "TbWhrlM"
you'll always wear thorn—no other kind will bo good enough.
"King of tho Itoad" overalls aro not tbo kind that rip the
first timo thev are put ou. They arc mnde for heavy wear
and never fail to give complete satisfaction,
If your dealer doesn't carry tlio brand write us direct stating
requirements; we'll seo your orders aro filled.
Wholesale Distributors   -   -   Winnipeg THE    ISLANDER
Published  every  Saturday  at Cumberland, B.C., by
Okmom) T. Smithe,
Editor and Proprietor.
Advertising rates published elsewhere in the pnper.
Subscription price $1.60 per year, pnynblo in fidvauoe
The editor dues nut  huld  himself responsible for views expressed by
unes pnlldents.
SATURDAY, MAY   20,    1.911.
What the Editor has to say.
If anything could make the investigation held by the License Commissioners look more ridiculous, it is Mr. Dunn's
letter which appears in another column of this issue.
We are informed that the danger to the town that has ex
isted for so long, owing to the proximity of the powder magazine to the city is shortly to be relieved and that source of dan
ger removed to a more safe location.
Once more we have to thank our able representative in
the lucid house, Mr. M. Malison, for the much wished for consummation.
Cumberland is becoming a dangerous place to live in
with the notorious outlaw journalist, and the ferocious "M D"
both at arga.
Much favorable comment is heard these days on the work
being done in the district by the newly appointed Road Superintendent, Air. Wilmhurst.
The work that is now being done is of a permanent character and will not require repairs for years to come and is in
most pleasing contrast to the patchwork system and bit or
miss plan of laying out work that had hitherto obtained.
The money voted for roads in this district this year by
the Provincial Government was a most generous appropriation
and the action of the Government in appointing a thoroughly
competent road engineer is a highly commendable one.
Beadnell & Biscoe
Offices: (Souriemay and
■- Comox, B.C. -
Bush and Farm Lands
Sea and River Frontage
Courtenay Lots
Phone 6 at A, j  prices
t %
Not the Che-ipest, but the Best
Catalogue Free
j Vancouver Island Nursery Co.,
Somen os, V.I.
DON'T WAIT until you are old.  Insure now in the
Mutual Life Insurance Company of Canada.
The Island Realty Co.
Pire. Life, Live Stock
. . . Accident.
Phone 21.      Courtenay, B. C.
Up to the time of going to press we have been unable to
confirm the rumour that W. J- Burns, the famous detective,
wbo was instrumental in putting Abe Ruef, of Sun Francisco,
in the cooler, and who was employed by the State on the
Los Angeles Times dynamiting ense, is on bis way to this city
to uid the local police in investigating, lhe now famous "M D"
It is stated that if the Conservatives continue tbeir fight
in the Ottawa bouse against the Reciprocity Bill, the government «ill give a Redistribution Bill precedence over the Reciprocity Bill and go to the country on that issue.
[f the Conservatives succeed in forcing mi election this
year, tbe electors of (,'oinox-Atlin should be eternally grateful
to that party for allowing tbem to place that incumbrance to
representation, the lion. Bill Templeman, in tbe political discard.
«»^~»^-»-» »»»»»»»»»» «|
Pilsener Beer
The product of Pure Malt and
Bohemian Hops
Absolutely no chemicals used
in its manufacture
SES Best on the Coasts
Pilsener Brewing Co.,    Cumberland, B.C.
just Arrived
RANGING FROM $20.00 TO $25.00
"The Furniture Store"
McPhee Block A.   McKINNON      Cumberland, B.O
histriet ofNaywaril
TAKE NOTIOK thnt George Porier, of Vancover
<n-ai]i;.tiim barber, intends tn apply fur rtermiMslon
t«> pun'hiwB ibe following demribed bind*:—
Commencing at it post plnnied Ht the s. k comer
of T. J.. -271 if. thenct) about m cbalna wont; tlience a
limit 140 chaina north to shore line; thence aouth-
enst, .(iiinivhic ahore line t<>point ut commencement
containing t>iu acrea more or lean.
tieorge I'orler
Karl <'line, Agent
Date March 10th. 1011. (apl 1)
District of Sayward
TAKK NOTICK tnat Alfred ( autanehe of Vanoo
nver B.C., occupation plasterer, intends to apply
fm- poriutBHlun to purchie the following described
Commencing at poat planted nbont20chatna north
of the BW corner of T 1. 87T0BJ thenee west 80
ehiiitm; thence north tn chains; thenee east -in chaina
tbence north 4(1 chnins; thenee east •.() chains; Hit lice south SO chains to point of eoinnicneonicnl containing U40 acres mora or Ies-*
Alfred i autancbe
Karl Cllne, Agent
March IHth toil (apl  1)
Mah Lee
P. 0. BOX 294
Near tlm Saw Mill
The Lord's Day Alliance is now trying to put a stop to
Sunday funerals. Next tiling we expect to hew that tliey
are petitioning St. Peter to r#use entrance through the pearly "ates of Heaven to anyone, who is so wicked as to die on the
Sabbath Day.
Courtenayites are agitating for the establishment of a
brunch of the Government Agent's olhce in that town, and we
are informed that there is every likelihood of their efforts be-
in" crowned with success.
The people of that busy little town are all boosters; they
liiiow what they want; they go right after it, and they GET it.
Practical   Watchmaker
All Wori\ Guaranteed
11 Wit.
Dunsmuir Ave   :::   Cumberland
District of Sayward
TAKK NOTICK tlmt William Mnddlson Fraaor,
of Vancouver B.C occupation carpenter, Intends to
apply for permission to purchase the following de.
scribed lands -
Commencing nl n post planted about 20 chnins
north of the «. W. comer of T.I,.2710fl; thence atfulh
SO chains; thenee west 80 chaina; thence north Ro
bains; thenco east, so chains lo point of commence
ment, containing tiio acres more or less.
William Mnddlson Kraser
Karl I line. Agent
>ate( March ititli. 1911 apl 1)
Horseshoeing a  Specialty
Third Ave., Cumberland
I FOU SALE-One thoroughbred .Ior-
spy Hull, iu prime oonditiuu, Apply lo
Davo Buy.
Fur S.il Two Houses nn good dry lot,
rent for 810 pi>r month each, will sell
■lie iwo for 81650, or ono for $850.
Apply X.Y.Z.   Islander Offioe
IE. C. _H}Jb/LJD_H]
IST THT  1 till
. . POR . .
The  Russell
The only (Jar Made
in   America   with
the "Silent Knight
Valveless Engine,"
Also made in valve
. . . style . . ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^_
Cleveland, Brantford, Mnssey-Harris, Perfect and Blue Flyer Bicycles; FairbanKs Morse Gas Engines; also the Moore GaBOline
Lighting Systems. Oliver Typewriters. Repairing of all kinds.
liictjcle.s, Sowing Machines, tjttwt, tie.     Scissors and Skates around
Rubber Tins for 7iaby Carriages.   Hoops Jor Tubs
Little cubes of metal
Little tubes of ink;
Brains, and the printing presses
Make the millions think
There  is no   bettar
way  of   making the
people  of this
trict   think   of
than through an
vertisement in
Jg& The Store of
Im) Quality
Every boat adds
to our stock of
these High Class
SILOES for men
autl women unequalled ior
A.L       DSHH UUR
4C*J pullets, hatched 1909
from Jan.l tu May 31. laid 37530 mo*
which aold at wholesale prlce»
nvt » • # $I0IV' 12
Cost nt f*ed for same period     ttlj.05
7lveraqc>rotit per bird fnr
151 days        •;•.-..■
Display Advertisements
75 cents per oolnmn inch per month.
Special rate for half page or more.
Condensed Advertisements
1 cent 1 word, 1 issue; minimum charge 28 cents.
No iict'Oimts run for tliis class of advenising
BOOS FOK HATCHINU,            Per IS. _r 100
Harm                              ■         SJ.OC HAM
April                    ■            ■         3.00 I-'-1"1
Uay         .         .         .         -2.30 U.iJ
tunc         .... 2.ut> lit.""
Ii. M. Beadnell,
Comox, B. C.
Agent for E & N.
Comox  District.
Grocers & Bakers
Dealers ln all kinds of Good
Wet Goods
Best Bread and Beer in Town
Agents for Pilsener Beer
.J. ttl
"Leading Tobacco King."
Better known as
Dealer In Fruits, Candy, Cigars
and Tobacco*
%_%_, Billiard Room in connection
I Dun Rerglund, Comox Ittotrtrt, lmvo lieccli-
'• votuUed jogs of thin stnthii; -X", tutnuqiinra
witli tatter C In centre. If owners wlttli to el/lint,
please cmnmimtcnt«to defray expenses, Ailrirou
Detiiiiiin Ihlanil,
Dkion Lono« No  11  1. O 0. F.
Ments. mr) F kiiij i vt. in. a 7      cl.
in I. 0. 0. K. Hull    Visiting brotbetii
■ ■I.  mi
Jas   E   Aston, MiC'KKIARV
:    :   :   UEIVED   :    :    :
P.   DUNN iii
Up-to-date Merchant Tailor
Now the lime will »"on becoming
iWhen with w>ur rc.-ideuceyou do
do get sick,
Kor after the fires th.- lu use with
dirt dues get thick,
So dun't you think we'd better bo
And cnilon Ihu Pai.i   rani, have our
houao lixed.
Painter and Paperhangcr
SKiN WHITISH etc. Cumberlimd.
Terms Moderate.     Business Punctual
Barrister,   Solicitor   mid !
Notary Public.
The finest liutel in the city.
0mte : |>utfe
of Summer Suits at $15.00
They aro the latest in style and
best '>" quality.
DON'i   . OKGET-we ave a-
gents lor  C: i.:pley, Noyes & Ran
Sail ClotMug.
OurLadie 'Waists I ave arrived
and are open tor inspection.
Sftcril fr Tie.Jslaiil
Stoves and Ranges,
Builders Hardware, Cutlery,
Paint, Varnishes, Arms and Ammunition, Sporting Goods,
The  McClary  Manufactuing Co.
Sherwin-Williams Paints
.  ',1   .,.-lm..i.._.-i-.;.. tr,",.''.'.., ,,t.l<Ji;Xt-»-k-i..._-..!-  .'iit~\
Old Ag
Still Drudging Along?
What is life going iomean to you ? Is it going to mean comfort and prosperity, or is lack
of training going to condemn you to hard labor for the rest of your days?
FOR YOU, THERE IS A ROAD TO SUCCESS.    Let Geo. Shaw, Nanaimo, tell you all about it.
Tke International Correspondence? Schools
.   .   NANAIMO   REALTY   COMPANY   .   .
We are agents for Fire, Life and Live Stock Insurance and our rates are the very lowest computable
with safety. Do not let tire catch yon without protection. Remember onr Companies are safe and
rates moderate.   Delays are dangerous, to-morrow may be too late.
Citizens should'call and inspect them before voting POR or AGAINST the SEWERAGE BY-LAW.
WKEMNfiTON PROPERTY—.1 ncres oil cleared mui fenced, no I ol.ter land for t liiokon farming, chicken houses and chicken run*. Uie hitter ull being fenced.    3850, terms ] cash, 6, 12, 18, 21 months.
('EDA It Dl STRICT—80 acres of good farming lurid, 1 iuto cleared, government road running down one side "f property nml atiothej gov't, road road running through  pnrt nt lhe pr iperty. Will   sell   for $2500; terms
81000 o sh, bul. in I hiiiI 2 yeur-.    Most of iliis hml i' alderhn win,   (J A lill 101, A [SLA.ND -160 acres, I1) of which ar" uu ler cultivation, l-l noras in potatoes, 2 orchards, 80 fruit Iroarinu Ire*, II acres under oals.
Thn property is all drained an.l thn cleared land fenced.   82000 house; this also is r duood, large barn, chicken houses and chicken run all fenoed, school right by property, road running through properly.   Distance
from wharf one mile,   Crop goes with property,   Terms $1000, oash balance to bc arranged,
"gtoeC ;p;c§tat:(cme,      !_ft)one
@uml?erfcm&, $.. §.
■ ii     n'rli
Mr. Gwrge Pulos, a Well Known Tobacco Merchant in Brockville, Out.,
TcUa of ilia Faitli in the Merit ot
"Ii the full of 1903," writes Mr.
l^ilot, under date of Juno loth, 1910.
"I aontrueted a very severe cold which
developed iuto Catarrh. At that time
I waa living in New Vork State aud
treat*! with four different physicians,
who afforded ine uo relict'. Vn coming
to Brockville I was advised by a friend
to try Catarrhozone. 1 bought the dollar oatlit and was gratified by the reunite. I was completely cured by Catarrh ozone, aud havo used it since to
abhort a cold with unfailing results.
It is tbe grandest medicine iu existence,
and I hopo my testimony will bo of
some Ufie to other fellow mifferers.
(Signed)       Gvorgo Tulos.
fiefust* a suustitute for Catarrhozone;
it alono can cure.   Sold in 25, 50c. und
$1.00 siz«s by all dealers.
One roa.suu why the High Alps iu midwinter have achieved ao marked a popularity ia that they are a cor tain autidote
for depression of spirits. It ia impossible to feel "low" iu miud when yuu
are wrestling with ski in burning sunshine and deep snow, or tu indulge in
Weltachmerz whon you aro obliged tu
laee and unlace your skating boots at
teturt some half-dozen times a day.
These struggles with material difficulties provent any morbid introspection,
whilo the dear atmosphere wliich obtains live thousand feet above thc sea
may leavo one gripping fur breath, but
serve* to keep the stranger joyful. That
tho ofTeel i.s not permanent, however, is
obvious from the attitude of the native* of high altitudes in Switzerland.
The babies may giggle as tliey slide
along on their little ski, or propel them*
selves madly on diminutive toboggans
Jown the stoop SHOW BlopOSj but after
the age of seven or so the Switzer is a
serious, oven morose person, who views
life with an Indifferent and jaundiced
ey. High spirits are certainly nnt his
inaraoteristic, arid I have au idea that
he Ji'okH upon the flood of winter visitors as a kind of "visitation" from
Heaven—Uko influenza or tin' plague.
Unless tho Switzer koeps un hotel, he
shows no limine excitement at tho ar*
rival of batches of strangers frum Loudon, Paris or Berlin.
A BRIGHT littlo Medford lad heard
hia   parents   talking   abjut   the
salaries of teachers.
"I don't see why thoy should pay
the teachers," ho said, very seriously,
"whon we children do all the work.'"'
. e     e     •
4   PARSON  was  reading  the  Scrip-
i\     tures   to   an   old   sailor.   "Aud
Solomon/'   ho   aaid,   "had   700
wivoa and 300 concubines."
"Dear, dear!" gasped the old salt;
'' what privileges them early Christians
did have, to be sure, air."
•   t    •
A CERTAIN medical specialist was
in tho habit of using a note-book
to asaist his memory. In the
course of time his aged father died. The
worthy doctor attended the funeral as
chief mourner with duo solemnity. At
the close he wus observed to draw out
a notebook and cross out tbo words,
"Mem.: Bury father."
CIKNTISTS are curious husbands.
Once Mrs. Agassiz screamed on
finding a snake iu her shoe in
tho morning. Her husband asked what
wus the mutter.
"Why, a little snake haB just crawled
out of my boot."
"Only one)   There should have been
Ue had put them there to keep warm.
EORGE ADE, at the Now Theatre
id   of   a
modern    tragedian:     "Tho    only
aim i versa ry   dinner,   said   Of   A
troublo about his tragedy is that it
mujtes you laugh. His pathos is sidesplitting. Jt is like thc pathos of tho
Gorman poet whu made a lover say to
liis lost love, as lie bade her n final
good-by at the railway station: 'Furo-
woll. Wo part forever. But, , to make
tho separation more gradual, I am going
by an accommodation train.' "
WIEN Farmer Fairweigbt came to
London on a flying visit ho
discovered many things—that
'buses could go without horses, that
you could walk for a whole hour without striking a field of an acquaintance,
and, finally, that you couldn't hit a
policeman simply because he compels
you to move out of other people's way.
Aa he was being taken to the station
he inquired what the policeman intend
ed doing with him.
"You'll find out soon enough," aaid
the policeman grimly. "Seven dayB,
"Seven daya! Ah, that's where I
have ye, old bluebottle!" chuckled the
farmer triumphantly, producing the return half of his ticket. "I've got to
go back on Monday!"
•   •   •
4 N old bachelor had somehow stray
CX ed into a young people'! party,
and realizing that ho could not
hope, among so many handsome youths,
to make tbe benrt of a single maiden
throb, he said to tho nearest girl, whose
conversation had shown somewhat more
good senso than he had expected:
"Look about the ballroom. Notice
that the girls who havo removed their
gloves have well-shapod arms. And—
ahemt Some have not removed them."
"But neither generalization fits me,"
answered thc girl, "for, you see, I have
one arm bare and one gloved—what
would you  say. about me?"
"Walk out and lot me look at them,"
said the old bachelor unfeelingly, The
girl took a few stops out, paused, and
"Take tho other glove off," said the
old bachelof.
£X   up  tu
Kills Bone Spavin
Rich VallCf, Alta, M*r 20th. 1WS
"I have used your Spavin Cure for a
Long time nnd would Dot be without IU
Have killed a liua- Spavin by Itt net."
OX,It C\RI,1K)N.
Thai   lell- the  wholi  ■tory,    A«4
l.uu'lred.1 of thousand! hare bad the
lanie erperiet.ee la the paat 40 rear*.
For Spavin, Ringbone, Curb,
Splint, Swellings ind
all Lameness,
Kendall', Spavin Core curei the
trouble—mike, the ho/te found and
w< tl—and navea money for tbe owtier
because U remove, the ratu* of thc
Keep a botUe alwayt at hand- fieri
for $5. Good for man and beast. Aak
your rirnlrr for free copy ef our book
'• A Treatise On The HorM"or writ* aa.
DC B.J. KFVDALI.et.tiMbflrtrifla.Tf.
.   itwil   '.I   '. '■  .    Walts,  Two-Stop,
Oavotte st.oo.   8oud
"... gaattattn*- oi monfl?
• Fa     '       * nt  testimonials.
WVi  OBboruo atreet, Wlnalpoa
Dr. Cartel's Female Pills
Vfttcrtbed *ud N wUMoAsd for   vomer.'i all*
MMtl     -    iaUuttfle&U?   fnptml   rMUfdj   tf
t; wortli    Thi rMtUt i.-oru thoir tu* u
(titck   tad   iMruiktiMt   iur  fait   tt   ill   drag
..■.;* '■'■■ : '■'■'   '.'-:';■;
liOMK DYtHSC kn   *
him***.  *■■•  .
U%Ati'. ft dlfvrc'tnjiita-
f vkiajt- riot se m*_mt.
JtJSTTHWK .iy rf!
fwQwlA v« cai  . *lw «W*f V/m'n
i'' bilks   Ub      ■ *mi jferfcrtijr wttk
Ul* BAMS  Vrn.    V* ebanca ef tre*** thj*
"' ! PfWfttaOsXti vi_______* 1.j _e_u
hospital ambulance dashed
ji  to  tho  curb  and   its  surgeon
sprang off into the curious crowd
the patiout ou tbi* sidewalk partially
recovered from her fainting fit.
"I don'l want tu go to a hospital,"
.sho * declared, when sho observed lhe
approach of tho uniformed doctor, "I'll
bo all right in u few moments; I'm
uot going in tho ambulance,''
"I don't want to go back without
vou if 1 can liclp it, madam," rejoined the physician earnestly. ' 'Wo ran
down three persons to get hero without
PETER Ii. HARRIS, the gmin ex-
• port, was condemning the reciprocity idea. "The United States
promoters of Canadian reciprocity expect too much of it," be said. "Tliey
expect to gain practically everything
and to glvo practically nothing. Well,
they'll get left—like 'ili Hillings. Ili
went to a horso sale one day and Bought
a horso for $18. When he got the
.80 home he offered it o bucket of
ter, but it wouldt) 't drink. After
that he gave it a feed of corn, but it
wouldn't touch that either. 'By gosh,'
he said, 'you're the very horse for me
il* you 'II  only  work!'
'51 HEY were talking ut a rehearsal—
the 'greatest "producer," the
greatest "character actor," and
.). M, Barrio. And tho actor averred
that anything and everything could be
expressed  facially.
"I can lell it to the audience without  speak lug," bo said.
"'I'lnn will you Icludlygo to the back
of tlio stage," said Mr, Barrio quietly,
' 'and express in your face that you
have u younger brother who was born
in Shropshire, but is now staying in a
boarding house un  tlio south coast?"
N Episcopal missionary in Wyoming visited ono of the outlying
districts in his territory for the
purpose of conducting prayer in the
homo of ii large family not conspicuous
for its piety. Me made known his intentions to tho woman of the house.
and sho murmured vaguely that
she'd go out and see." She was lung
iu returning and after a tiresome wait
the missionary went to the door and
called with Borne impatience;
"Aren't you* coming in? Don't you
cure anything about vour souls?"
"Souls?" yelled the hoad of the
family from the orchard, "We haven't
got time to fool with oar souls when the
Bees are swariniu1."
K is known as laconic in addition
io   being  a   mute,  as   ho   nover
writes on hii liltle pad more than
enough to convoj  his meaning,    lie Is
a good cribbago player, and one night
be won a watch and chain from o young
man.   The [otter's father met the raute.
'I'ln- deaf and dumb man produced his
llttlo pad.   On ii tho Irate Father wroto;
"I   understand  you  won   Hob's guld
watch the other night,'
lie*handed It to ihu deaf and dumb
■ nd e tpi isti d lo aee him oll'er te
a the   poll,   '■■ • BO) however, [u
■■i !. tie took the pud, wroto two woi I ■
.. fully  on   tt,  und   roturued   it.   1
icribed thereon were the words) "And
AT Tel ebKebir (says B, Ii. Butcher
in his volume nn  Egypt), the first
Highland regiment thai  had beeu
■ ■ Bii   in   I'..:. pi   was  encamped   apnrl
rom I he n the 1    [Hah army,   Tl -
imt j ■■■ ■■  tooh  ii  into  their heads thai
; were   the     h es  of  tho   English
I " unguarded, The Oriental
I imagination determined that the chance
ivas too good to be missed, and hastily
ition to carry oil'
iii" womon, I ]'.;!■-■<■ heard that thoy
v ere very nm i toni hod at tho r"
ception thoj met, i nd l ha( i hoy chang
od tholr minds, nn I told each other that
among those incomprehensible English
the short, petticoat was ft robe, of honor
and only gh
thoir   bra..
■ those wlio had proved
ShiMs Gure
Juicily  enn-* rrntih,
i* *kf'M mu_ luuj-..
nrM etiM«,  hritl.
The seed of all grains subject to smut
should be given preventive treatment
before sowing. This is neither u difficult not, an expensive process. Por
loose smut in oats or stinking smut in
wheat, the treatment that will glvo best
results is the immersion of oats for
twenty minutes, stirring occasionally,
in a solution made up of one-half pint
formalin poured into twenty one gal-
lens of water. Sprinkling with this
solution, if thoroughly done, will also
accomplish about equally good results.
Experiments conducted at the Ontario
Agricultural Collego show that in a five-
year test of immersing oats iu this formalin solution, the percentage of smut
iu tho crop was -/.cro. A fivo-j'oare'
test in sprinkling with the formalin
solution showed a percentage of oae
per cent, ouly in one year. During the
other' four years the percentage was
zero. With this simple treatment there
is no excuse for smutty grain. Smut
in u crop reduces the yield, and if it is
present to any large extent, the quality
of the grtjiti ia seriously affoctod. At
the college at CKielph, experiments with
oats show that there was a difforenco
of eight bushels per acre between the
\ lold from untreated seed and seed
treated bv immersion in the formalin
solutiou. 'in the former case the yield
was liO bushels, and in the latter
bushels per acre. Prom a dollar n
cents point of view, therefore, the tret
ment of seed for smut is well wor
The conditions aro very popular ones,
aud horsemeu are assured that plenty
of class races will later be opened to allow all members of stables to Btart.
This section is a delightful one to visit
uud for ao early season campaign horse
men will do well to consider its advantages.
• *    •
According to the records of 1910,
King Hill Stock Farm haB only about
leads among western breeders of three
year-old trotters. Of the ones trained,
four from this noted breeding establish
ment took records. No other Western
farm came anywhere near thiB and tho
only ones in the county that did beat
them out were Walnut Hall Farm with
six and Patchen Wilkes Fatm with five.
King Hilt Stock Farm has anly about
seventy-five mares, whilo each of tho
Kentucky farms have over 150 mares,
* *   t
Trainer James Healey, who campaigned the good three-year-old Enara,
2:19M<, by Walnut Hall, 2:08%. and
Leftwich, 2:12, bv Moko, last season,
haB just bought for his employer, Mr.
Murphy, of Milford Mills, Pa., a pair
of good three-year-old fillies from
Charle« Mcbermott, of Fulton, N.Y.
One is Dewbell, by Admiral Dewev,
2.04%, dam Union Bell, 2:14, bv Bellman, 2:14*14, and the other is Florence
O.j by Tho Director Oeneral, dam
Orace, by Oeneral Wilkos, 2:21%.
Healey will train and race both fillies
this season.
»   *   «
At a recent meeting of tho Santa Fe
Reelng Circuit, whieh comprises all the
fairs of the Arkansas Valley and Al
buquorque, N.M,, it was decided to in
crease the purses offered in the circuit
to $80,000. Clayton, N.M., made application to join the circuit, which was
accepted. Tho meeting wns the most
enthusiastic over held and all of the
members were represented. Tf the Arkansas Valley and Colorado and Now
Mexico does uot have some good racing
tins year it will not be the fault of the
members of this circuit. They also ile
cided to put in a class for It-year-olds
nnd under. This circuit opens Aug. 22
and closes Oct. Ifi.
W. W. Wright, proprietor of tin
Qulgley Valley Stock Farm, Winumue
Ind., owns a yearling colt named Amos
Whit ori vor 53817, by A cist or tu, dam
Rolirthin, by Kobert" McGregor, that
is a remarkably good gaited trotter and
a splendid individual, and which promises to develop into a very fast trotter.
Among his other yearlings he has one,
day Exnll, by Troonwith, 2:24%, dam
Lady True, wliich is llie tenth foal for
his dam, and he is a pacing wonder. All
of her colts are extremely fast, but this
one promises to be something out of
the ordinary. Mr. Wright 1ms a number of prospects which lie believes will
show up verv fast ns soon as tho training season  ts a little advanced.
The Horseman
The Western Canada Racing Circuit,
with $70,000 in purse und slake.-,, opens
at Calgary July 1 and concludes at Ho-
gina Aug. 11. Calgary offers $8,000 in
purses at a straight o per cent, to enter
and no deduction from winners. The
early closing events close ou April l'i
with a payment of 1 per cent. Fort
Carry, Man., has a mooting June 30 to
July ."{ and offers thirteen early closing
events, including two $1,000 stakes for
the 2:18 and J:li( pacers. Theso purses
close April 15 with a payment of 1 per
cent. The 'city of Winnipeg offers
twelve purses, two of $2,000, ono of
$1,500 and five of $1,000 each for its
meeting nnd entries will dose on April
15 with a one per cent payment. Bran
don, Man., has its meeting July 24 to
20, and now offers $1,000 purses which
close April 15 with the usual I per cent,
Reglna finishes the circuit with a $T5,«
OHO card. It has five early events,
Which close April 16. Mere is au ex
OOedingly Strong young circuit with liberal purses, whicli should attract good
The grand total of $70,000 in stakes
and purses is offered by the five associations that cflmposo the Western Onnndn
Racing ' Ilrcalt, Starting ul ' nlgary,
Alta., July I. the rout" includes two
Weeks at Winnipeg, Man. (the Qrsl
week's programme bolng glvei bv thc
1'. :' Harry Turf Club); Brandon, 'Man..
and   Reglna,   Bask,     The   piugraminoH
bristle   With   exceptionally   good   BtD
woll arranged  for tho popular elt)
i 'algary 's two Por tho names i horsi
arc mixed ovents for $000 ench Cot pne
ers of the 8:40 and 2:18 clnBses, while
I rotters are given tha advantage of
five seconds,in ench, Boven stakes -" i
oponod by tbo Fort Qarry Olub, five
being for pacers, one for trotters nnd n
freO'for-all, Uith gaits. Thi se rai
In value from $500 to $1,000. The
wt•■■}.; following will undoubtedly
Winnipeg's  most  pret eat ions  meett :■■
as all but one of the clttSSOS are worth
$1,000  or  -nore.  two  being  for  $2,0   I
each.    A   throe yenr*old stake, opi n  to
both  gaits,  Is worth $500  and  si
'.. i       out  some  high-cine    j oi ag
Brandon's four classes, nil  mixed, are
for $1,000  each, while the  concludi
meeting, ot  Regina, has five stakes, all
but  one. that for ^■'if> trot tei i, bt ti a
for both gaits.
it   is  t0
easier to prevent than
cure, Inflammation of the lungs '*
the companion of neglected colds, and
once it finds a lodgment in tho Bystom
it i.1-- difficult to deal with. Treatment
with Bicklo's Anti-Consumptive Syrup
will eradicate the cold and prevent in
finmmatlon from setting in. Tt; costs
little, nnd is as satisfactory ns ii i,; sui
prising In its results.
Probnbly but a small percentage of
the fishermen who use flies strung with
flue f rauslucent "Cntgul'' are aware
that the almost unbreakable substance
thnt holds the hooks against the fiercest
struggles of tho struck fish comes from
BilkworniB, The principle centre of tin
manufacture of this kind of catgut is
tho island of T'roeida, in the Bftv of
Naples, but most of tho silkworms em-
j ployed are ruisod near Torre Annuii
zinto, at the Foot of Vesuvius. The
caterpillars are killed just as they an
about to begin the spinning of cocoons:
the   silk   glands  are   removed  and   sub
Mooted  to a process of pickling, which
is a secret of tho trade, and afterward*
the threads are carefully drawn out h\
skilled  workers,  mostly  women.      Thc
; length of the thread varies from a fpot
' to nearly twenty inches.
What is declared by experts to be
the most advanced practical plan of
municipal government by commission in
America is now in operation In Spokane. Five commissioners, chosen from
among ,1- candidates at a special election on March 7, when women exercised
the right of ballot for the lirst time in
the history of the city were formally
inducted into olliee on March M, re
tiring Mayor Nolson S, Pratt and ton
COUncllmen, The commission has been
organized as follows: Mayor and cum
mission er of public affairs, William J.
Ilindley, formerly pus tor of Pilgrim
Congregational church; vice-chairman
and commissioner of finance. Robert
Pauley, formerly city comptroller; commissioner of public utilities, Charles M.
Fnssott, formerly president of the S'po
kane chamber of commerce j commissioner of public works, David C. Coatos,
printer, former lieutenant 1 governor of
Colorado; commissioner of public safe
ty. Zora E, R. Hoyden, retired lumber mill oporator and cap! lal ist. Tin-
first three were elected for terms of
five years, the last named for throe
vears, The snliirv is $5,000 n vear, thc
bond of each I ■■ iig fixed at $25,000.
"I'lio   commissioner   of   public   affairs
nppointB   and    supervises   the   city   --n
glncer, corporation counsel and inspector of weights aud measures; ib <
inlsslonor of finance conl rols tho I ki
and oflices of thc elty treasurer and nu
ditor; the commissioner of public otili
tics lun charge of the city wntor works
■in l powet plant. utroet railway, tole
phone and allied alfnirs; the eominls
lonor Df public works hns supervision
• ■f Btrei ts, pavomonl nn 1 sewers, and
the ii mmisslo ie■ of pul He safety cou-
i rolfl tho police u i 1 firomon, The commissioners also look aftor th ornmificn-
tions of their vnrious duties and may
change and alter theso by agreement.
Three civil i oi vice commissioners, to
be appointed to servo without pay, do-
mnnd the mei it system, examinations,
probations, investigations and removals
■.ui charges. Tho purpose is to inake per
mnnent all municipal appointments calling for special fitness, so that :i faith
fui public official muy plan n career and
fit himself aceoi I ingly i without fenr of
disptacemi ut by disfavor.
Anol her feature of the charter i-
the provision l'i r' publicity. All the
meetings arc open to tho public, and all
ordinances and othor noi ices muft bc
published in the Official Gazette; whi.di
is distributed free of charge* The
mayor has no veto powt r,
The charter provides for (-.ho Initiative
and the referendum and tho recall. Fifteen por cent, of tlm vote is required
to recall any commissioner who has
boen remiss or unsatisfactory in kis
Tho system of voting for the commissioners is ingenious. Twenty-five ejectors muy nominate a candidate by taking uu oath that he is qualified and a
desirable man und that they desire to
vote tor him.
The ballot contains the mimes of all
the candidates in alphabetical ordor, followed by spaces marked for first, second and third choice. The voters mark
15 crosses on the ballot, voting for five
men as first choice, five others as second choice and five as third choice.
However, they may vote for third
choice the entire list after eliminating
flrst and second choice.
Tbe majority of all votes oast elects
on the first choice. Then the votes for
the candidates, who are unsuccessful in
the first choice column nnd are in tha
second choice column, ure counted io
select the rest. If five candidates having a majority of first and second choice
votes are not elected, the votee of the
third choice are counted with the stragglers of the other two aud the third
choice selections fill out the five. The
third choice men are elected by a aim-
pie mujority.
The SpoKuuo plan varies from all
othei.- by making the contest a free-
for-all nml uot designating tho office
sought. There were 97 cnadiadtes at
tho begiunlng of the recent campaign.
Three declined to make tho race, aud
two withdrew just before the election.
It provides that candidates must not
spond mora than $950 during tho campaign, also making it compulsory to
submit   nn   Itemized   statement  of  ex-
riagos i
tod on
Pa rt ,v
and porsot
and   no   paid   workers,  car-
■ther i
i are permit-
i' absolutely obliterated
3 are eliminated,     Tho
aiididnto must take an oath that be
represents no political party in the
election nor uny special interests.
Spokane did not win its new government without a series of stiibhornlv-
fought battles. Late last fall Mayor
Pratt, Democrat, working with a Republican   council,  composed  of legisla-
Thomas Laurlault had Kidnoy Di.^cr.pc
and Ills Wife Ei'iglit's Disease, ami
Dodd's    Kidnoy    Pills  Mado  Thom
Both Well.
Lao    I'av: ml,    Que.    (Special).—
I'lioi'o is u world interoat In tlio Blinple
slory of Madamo Thomas l.aurianlt of
this placo. la bor own words, it. is as
"Dodd's Kidnoy Pilla cured my husband ol" Kidnoy Dlaeaae and inysoir of
Bright'h Disease Wa recommend
Dodd's Kidney Pills lo all who Butter
from Kidnoy or Brigllt's DisoBHO."
This is a Bplcudid oxntnplo of the
irrand work Dodd's Kidnoy Pilla aro
doing among the plain peoplo of ran
ndn. Kidney Disease is lite commonest
of all ailments among thoao who bavo
to work hard, becauso the kidnoys aro
lho.lirst  pari  of tho body lo fool tlio
lar and tear of heavj work.
When lho kidneys j;o wrong lho
blood goes wrong, arid the wholo body
- wrong. Bright '■- Disease, Dropsy,
Diabetes and Bright'a Diaense nre the
usual results. Dodd's Kidnoy Pills
uro  thoso by  dimply curing tho  kid-
"I had only to try Dr. HMultaa't
Pills to appreciate their merit." wntM
MIbs Annie M. Hryee, of WoodaUck.
"My system waa out of ordor. Uf
blood was weak and thin. I ha4 m
nasty murky complexion. My tkJm wm
hard nud dry. The first bex «f Dr.
Hamilton's PUls made a iwplrtu
change. I felt better nt once. HcftMf
color came into my face. Is afcott
three weeks I was cured. Dr. HmI-
ton's Pills effect an easy cure. Try
these good pills, 25c. per box, w Ive
boxes tor $1.00 at all dealers.
etitlon, signed by more Uu U
at of the voters, wus tbsa ss>
to the council.   This lrged tfee
tive and administrative braufcis. to
formally appointed a committee of m-
ness men to prepare a charter umim
the commission form. Tbe Arafi wu
presented to the eity coumjJ three
months afterwards, bat the tea
sentatives paid little or ao
to it
A petition
per cent
nutted to the council. This arged M
appointment of fifteen free-halter* to
formulate a charter. Thn council \_
cd the request after seme delay
eight business men, five representatives
of union labor and two lawyer* wwe
selected. Thia committee esiboiie* fa
itH charter some of the best foatarsa af
100 plans in operation in tbe United
States, nnd submitted it* work to tfca
people, who adoptod it by aa aver
whelming vote nt nn election sa Den
ember 27, W10.
Proceedings for injunction wars ia
stituted in the Spokane county sapor
ior court afterward. The peepla ware
sustained, but that did not clear tks
field. An appeal was takes to tke
supreme court of Washington, tke six
judges of which hnnded down a Mat
opinion, upholding the legality ef tke
chartor election.
The discovery of tho fact fchat tke
Bjioed ol' mnny trotting horaea siay ke
improved by woighting tlieir forefaet
was made in :i rather peculiar wsy.
About thirty-live yours ago, Kdward
Hut ler, afterward a well-known and
wealthy Democrat politician ef St.
Louis, Mo., waB but a struggling young
jouruovmon blacksmith, llo was it
tlml time iu the employ of a mm who
was tho owner of several trotU*.rs ta
the interior of Xew York State. Th*
horseman Imd entered ono of his horrwit)
a nice which wus about to ba run.
1 on the morning of tha day o** the
e had exercised the trotter on Uip
track,    Wlii'ii the liorse wus takon back
the stable it was found that ho bed
lust it shoo from one of his forefeet
Voung Hntler was in a dilemma, up
lie had no stock of Bhooe on luind, and
the nearest plnce whore ho mlgki get
a shoe was a wagon shop threo mile*
away. On arriving there ho found there
was only one shoe to be had, so on went
tin- Pig tdioe.
The horses got nway pretty weM tu
gotlior, but it was notlcod that tii.
trotter with tho big bIioo would throw
his uowly shod foot much farther fer
ward than he would tlio other, and ki>
sjit'cd seomod much increased, At any
rate lie won the ince. The owner Uad
another heavy shoo put on his other
fool oftor thc raoe, and when givea *
t rl ii 1 it was found lhat his strides wen*
much longer and his time much flutter,
so that ever since weighting has beeo
in  common  practice.
ileitis wt*
ind kind*
No surgical operation is necessary
in romovlng corns if TTollowny's Corn
('ute   be   used.
Cnn In' handled vvry easily. The Bit-It lire cured, und nil i>Mi»ri>
in Bnme wliihle. nn matter how "ospoaed," kepi trim having
lho diwaBc, hy using SPOHK'8 MQUID DIBTEMPBB GOB*
(live on the tollgUO or in feed. AoIm nn ths blood nnd expclt
germ*   of   nil    Pn-nm   nf   distemper.      Best    remedy   ever   '■■ ninvn
for mnrai in foal.   50c. nnd *! n bottlo; $u nnd $n d**en, ot
dmggieU nnd hnmeSI AenlorS, Our free Mnnklfl Rive* uwetf-
Hilt'.'. Largest H"lllni; horie remedy tn existence—Ifi ji-hh
I       . tmB&2_i
of Tar and Cod Liver Oil
This famous remedy Ib mado of two curative ngenti of
proved efficacy Ln diseases of the throat and luiigB.
De«ch Tar directly relieve* a cough or cold, and tt
once begins to heal tho dolicato paimugefi; Cod Liver
OU strengthens and bullda up tho Hystem. These two Ingredients are neicntificully combined in the pleutinnt tasting MniMeu 'h Syrup.
Matlilen's Syrup does nut merely aupprefla tho symptoms of dujean,', ft removes their c»uf>o. It uut only
relieves—it euro*.
When foverish ftake Mn-tbieu'i Nervine Powdon u
well ns th<» Syrup—25 cents a package, containing 18
J. L. MATHIEU OO- Proprietors, SirERBROOKE, QUB,
Western Distributors
FOLEY   BEOS., LA11SON   &   OO.
Winnipeg,  Edmonton,  Vancouver  and  Saskatoon
....  '_+:■:■    ■".7<,i..."£'■■^".'Mi".L.'&^ZSE^ESSii^
fi          *<*li   _*    A
ett Plaster
<                1
Impire Brands of Wall Plaster
Manufactured only by
Miioba Gypsum
Winnipeg, Man.
Ltd. n
What is Wrong with American
la a wries of articles on "Tho Ameri-I mon   to  look   for  tho   ouo   sensational,
caa Newspaper," now running in Col-'picturesque  fact   iu   overy   occurrence
Iter's Wookly, Mr. Will lrw'iii argues
that the outstanding fact in tho jour-
■altstie history of this couutry during
the past, hundred years has been the
shifting of tbo seat of power from the
editorial page to the news columns. At
tlte present time ho not oh that, whilo
■ewBpaper writers arc moro competent
and high-minded than ovor boforo. tho
Mhical tone of tho newspapers is constantly going down. Ho lays tho blame
for this situation ou newspaper owners.
Four main currents, Mr. Irwin ob-
wrvaa, run through the history of
Ameritsn journalism; four elements
fused te make our press whut it ia. Tho
Ink tarront was shaped by Anglo-
Saxaa tradition; each of tho others hud
for a souree somo dominant personality
—a Bea net I, a Dana, or a Hearst,
In tka seventeenth and eighteenth
eaataries English journalism wan based
an tha idea that thn editorial directed
toward expressing and forming public
epiaieu is tho most important feature
of a newspaper. American journalism,
n its iaeuplion, was based on tho same
idea. This idea produced its best type
just whea it ceased to dominate. Horace
Qraeley, whoso career reached its cli-
■ax ia the period of our Civil War, was
the flower of the old school. "Uo really
led," Mr. Irwin says; "nnd ho hid it
solely through tho power of his editor
ials. Ry virtue of his honesty, his
mental vigor, and his journalistic style,
ho really 'molded public opinion.' Coin*
aieniinl necessity forced upon him daily
toaaessious to news for news' sake, but
ke enrsod that necessity. He, liko all
his kind, was a publicist, not a news
paper aian."
Tha man who invented news as wo
know it wns James Gordon Bennett, "I
reuouaue nil so-callod principles," ho
said iu his salutatory in The Herald. Ib
set out to tiii'd news and to |>rint it.
"Bonnett, rutbloRs, short in the conscience, expressing in his own person
all tho atrocious bud taste of his age,"
remarks Mr. Irwin, "wus yet n genius
with the genius power of creation. And
ke, through two stormy, dirty decades,
set aa idea ef news upon which we have
proceeded ever since." Mr. Irwin continues:
"Tba Herald's commercial success—
within three years it had taken the
laad from all the New York newspapers
—forced tke others to follow him; nows*
paper work became a strugglo thoa for
beats and for earliest publication. When
Besaett began, two short railroads comprised all the means of rapid cominuui-
eatioi in the United Stntes. Working
witk tbe tools he'had, Bennett performed prodigies. His marine couriers trans
■itt cul Enropeaa nows hours ahead of
his rivals; ke kept in touch with our
herders by private lines of pony messengers. In tke Mexican War, his despatches eo far beat tho Government advices and tho United States mails that
H became a inattor for official complaint
at Washington. Boforo tho telegraph
ke had experimented with schemes for
quicker transmission by semaphore,
pneumatic tube and even balloon; the
which came to the desk, and lo twist
that fact to the fore. 'What we're after,' said Arthur McEwen, 'is the "gee-
whiz" emotion.' Pressed for further
explanation, he said: 'We run uur paper
so that when the reader opens it ho
says: "Ueo-whizt" An issue is a failure
which doesn't mnke him say thut.' "
The real power In Hearst's yellow
journalism during recent years has
been, ns everyone knows, Arthur Brisbane. In this connection Mr. Irwin
poles on the first telegraph linos wero
still green wWn Bennett had made tbo
mveiitioa a part of his own system."
Charles A. unna, with his New York
Bun, made the next groat step forward
His idaa was that newspaper writing is
an art. Under Bennett 'h regime the
emphasis had been nil on tho nows,
rather tkan on journalistic workman
•hip. Dana saw no reason why journal-
■un, the little sister of literature, should
aot be beautiful. He came to believe
that the etover, subtle and sound narra
tion of news was a task worthy of all
the taste, the culture, and tho soul-force
lhat there is iu any man. As ho worked it out, the art of reporting is tho
art of the plain tale, decked mainly
with those details which the trained eye
ef the good reporter comes to perceive.
So appeared the Sun Btylo—easy, often
witty, full ef detail and incident, but
alwaya clear.
The fourth current, that of yellow
journalism, may be said to have originated ia St. Louis and San Francisco
dnring the eighties, nnd reached full
tide in New Vork during tbe nineties.
Pulitzer and Hearst were its two main
sponsors. To the former Mr. Irwin
credits the discovery that popular
aauses ean be won by newspapers, Mr.
Pulitzer made the St, Louis Post-Dispatch aaeh a cknmpion of popular rights
that to this day tho humble citizen ef
St, Louis tends to write to the "P.-D."
before ke employs a lawyer. Hearst's
forte wae—and is—his mastery of popular psychology, bis intuition in csti-
■tating tke subtle values ia public taste.
His first two aides wero S. 8. Chamber-
lain and Arthur MeKwon. Says Mr.
"Coaaelously or unconsciously, Hourst
aad Ohamborlain woro working ou a
principle white* formulation was as original to our Occidental journalism as
Bennett's discovery of news. Ho who
serves the intellectual and artistic denude of the populace must givo thom
hi some Measure what they want. If he
proceed from tke very highest, ethical
and artistic ideals, be must make con-
seesioaa, ar they will not listen. But
savin* established a common ground
with nln public, he may give them a
little better than they want, eo leading
Item up by the slow process of education to hia awn better ideals; or he may
Sve theai a great deal worse. When
eatnt began, the spirit of the old-age
editor atlll guided newspaper publication; the great majority of editors, no
■ntter hew atrong their desire for circulation ,still served news and editorial
in fashion much more intellectual than:
the publie wanted, still appealed to the
■lid nther than the heart. Hearst's
taak waa to cheapen the product until it
sold nt the eoln of the gutter and tho
"So he onme generally to reject all
news atorles which did not contain that
thrill of sensation loved by the man
en the atreet and the womnn in tbe
kitchen; no pnper ever published fewer
news items to the issue.   He trnined his
"Tho country hns forgottoo, if it
ever knew, his influence in making sensational journal ism yellow journalism.
Wo think of him ns the writor of those
'henrt-to-henrt' editorials which oven
the judicious sometimes admire. With
the hindsight so much better than foresight, the men who built with Henrst in
his building days at S'an Francisco see
what it chance they missed when they
walked on tho edge of Brisbane's methods. For Hearst said again and
ngain: 'I wish I could got the samo
"snap" into my editorials that yon fellows get into the nows columns.' Arthur
McEwen tried tho hardest and camo
nenrest to gmsping what Hearst want
ed. The truth is, McEwen had too much
of what tho prize-ring calls 'class,' Hi;
talonts as journalist ond writer wore
basically too high and sound.
"Now arrived Brisbane; he become
the genius of The Evening Journal,
deepest yellow of all newspapers. He
wns a man after Hearst's own kidney
•He found how to get 'snap' into the
editorial page, how to talk politics and
philosophy in tho language of truck*
men and lumbermen. Day by day for
ten years he hns shouted at tho populace tbe moral philosophies of Kant
and Hegel, the social nnd scientific philosophies of Spencer and Huxley, in
lurid words of ono syllable. On alternate days be has shouted, just as powerfully, the Inconsistencies which suited
Hearst's convenience of the day, tho
fallacies which would boost circulation,
pull in advertising, kill rivals. . , .
As a writor, with these editorials, ns an
oditor, with thorough grnsp of wlmt his
kind of reader wanted, he came to typify yellow journalism in its lost period
of real power. The profession of journalism rightly calls him the one widely
influential editorial writer in these declining days of tho daily editorial page.
Such Hearst newspapers as use his
work publish a million and a half copies
for at least five million renders. In the
nature of Hearst circulation, he reaches
thnt class least infused with the modern
intellectual spirit of inquiry, least apt
to study their facts beforo forming
their theories—the class most ready to
accept the powerfully expressed opinions of another and superior being. We
ean not view American civilization
it hout reckoning in this young expon
ent of menos which justify ends, nny
more than we enn view It without reckoning in his employer and discoverer
So far Mr. Irwin's record goes
the first three articles in Collier's on
which this summary is based. The moral
to be drawn from the facts will emerge
in later articles in the series. In the
meanwhile Mr. Trwin communicates to
the public in a recent lecture in New
York on "The Moral Responsibility of
tho Press" his conviction that the chief
responsibility of present-day journalism
roBts on the nows editor, "Thc aim of
the nows editor," he says, "should be
to publish only such things as wonld be
best for the democracy. When tho
news editors do this, the millennium
will come."   He adds:
"I can best explnin wbnt is wrong
with newspapers nowadays by an example. Suppose a clever, wealthy advertising man should como to the doctors of this city nnd say: 'Here, I am
going to organize you, nnd advertise
what you can do, and you will make ten
times as much money us you nre making
now.' Supposo tho doctors consented.
now the moral tone of the medical profession would fall.
"Well, thnt is just what is wrong
with the newspnper profession. The
ethics of tho journalists themselves—
the newspaper writers—are constantly
going up. But tho ethicnl tone of the
newspapers ia constantly going down.
The fnult is with the man who gets hold
of thc paper. He is n business man. Ho
hns to have considerable money, becauso
no paper in this city is worth less thno
two millions. And it hns boen my experience that men who hnve amassed a
million or two have Inst their ideals. So
tho newspaper writers oro bossed nnd
wronged by tho men who have no sympathy with their moral views."
find out what ib meant by tho term
Plngne is iu reality an acute infective
disense, "an infectious fever," to quoto
the well-known writer on tho subject,
Doctor B. T. Hewlett, whoso inpor appears iu London Nature. Tho eymptuma
in man develop within a fow days of
infection, according to this authority,
whose conclusions and impressions differ somewhat from those of others. Tho
signs of the presence of the malady include fever, lieadaeho, giddiness, weakness, with staggering gait, grout prostration and delirium. In three fourths
of the cases, tho lymphatic glands iu tho
Definite announcement thnt the
plague bad invaded England wns made
last month in the London Times, The
malady assorted itself among the rats
in East Anglin nnd for a timo seemed
to be spreading itself rapidly over a
wide area. Thus a dead rat infected
with the bacillus of the disease wns
found n dozen miles from where the.
outbreak flrst asserted itself. In India the particular kind of flea which
chiefly carries plague infection from
rat to rat ts called by the scientific
name of pulix cheopis. That species
seems to be infrequent in England and
the United Stntes, although specimens
hnve, we rend In the London Nature,
been found on rats here and in Great
Britain. For tho time being the attention of experts is directed to ascertaining what other variety of rat parasito is
the principal host of the plague bacillus, The London Times prints a communication from ono authority to tho
effect that rabbits in all countries harbor a flea that conveys the bacillus of
plague, but this has not been finally established. It is rather difficult to separate the subjects of plague and rats in
the popular mind, observes Tbe British
Medical Journal. "The two havo been
rendered obscure by n kind of confusion
due to the rat panic interjected Intn
the plague panic.'* There is still eome
doubt whether the rat and the plague
are Invariably associated. Some doubt
oxists ne to whether the flea preying
upon the blaek rat convert) the bacillus
to man.    Bnt flrst of nil we have to
groin, armpit and other regions are in-
named, infiltrated aud much enlarged,
constituting the "buboes." Hence the
name "bubonic" plague. In tho ro-
maining cases tho lungs may bo primarily attacked—tho "pneumatic" form
—or a severe blood infection may develop—the "BCpticaemic" variety, In both
of these buboes are absent or ure a late
development if the patient lives. Occasionally an eruption of pustules or carbuncles appears on tbo skin. Further;
'Tbo bubonic form is hardly infectious or eveu contagions, but the pneumonic variety is highly infectious, owing to the presence of large numbers of
the Infective agent, tlio plague bacillus, in the expectoration from which it
is readily disseminated in tho air. In
some instances the patients do not appear particularly ill, and are able to
go about, though such cases are liable
to sudden death from heart failure.
"Tho micro-organism of plague was
discovered independently by Kitnsato
and by Yersin in 18D4. It is a stumpy,
rod-sbnped organism or 'bacillus,' having rounded ends, ami measuring as a
rule about 1-8000 inch iu length, und
1-10000 inch in breadth, but longer
forms occur, in smears mado ut an
curly stage of tho disease from the bu
boes, expectoration or blood respective
ly in the three varieties, the bacillus is
present ia enormous numbers, nnd if
the films are stained with an aniline
dye, such ns fuchsia, it tends to stain
deeply nt the ends ('polar staining'),
the centre being hardly stained at nil;
this is a vory characteristic appearance.
In older lesions peculiar, large, rounded or ovoid 'involution' forms of the
bacillus are met with. The organism
can be readily cultivated in various media ia the laboratory; it is non-motile,
and does not spore, and is readily destroyed by heat (00e to 05? C. for ten
to .fifteen minutes), and by disinfectants. The plague bacillus is pathogenic for a number of animals, in addition to mnn—tho rat, mouse, guinea-
pig, rabbit, hare, ferret, cat, monkey,
etc. In the United States the ground
squirrels are attacked."
The agent by wbicb the disease has
been so widly disominnated is tho
rat, adds Doctor Hewlett, Infection
from man to mun is almost negligible,
the rat fleas being tho intermediary' between rat and man and mechanically
carrying the infection—the plague bacillus—from rat to rat and from rat to
mon. For combating the spread of
plague tho extermination of rats
theroforo, the first step to undertake.
How this ia to be done in the less
civilized portions of the earth is a problem which that British student of the
subject, Sir Ray Lankester, is tempted
to give up in despair. He is of opinion
that the so-called Cheops flea is tho
regular and established carrier of the
plague bacillus in Asia snd tho Mediterranean. He writes in the London Telegraph:
"Other fleas will serve as the go-
between of the rat (in which the disease called plague is really native) and
man—should they he (ns, for instance,
ure a certain Australian flea and nu-
other North American flea) "wandering" fleas ready.to infest plague-stricken rats and healthy human beings, nnd
to pass from one to the other. Happily,
our own little human flea (pulex irri-
tans) is more or less of a stay-at-home
(though he is fond of tho badger), aad
so is the big flea of North European
rats. Bugs and lice, as also largo bloodsucking flies, seem to carry iu certnin
coses merely the microbe which they
happen to come across. But there are
other more remarkable and definite arrangements between some of these insects and certain very deadly microbes,
by which it1 is provided thnt a definite
species of microbe is sucked up from a
diseased animal or man by n definite
species of insect, and in the digestive
tract of thnt species of insect ouly will
that microbe live, and not only thrive,
but undorgo thereiu a most peculiar second phase of existence, changing its
shape and appearance and multiplying
itself. In this second phase the* mi
crobes may (but this has only been seen
in a very few kinds) become male and
female and fuse with one another, just
ns the egg-cells and sperm-cells of higher animals fuse with one nnother. Then
the fertilized female microbe breaks
np into thousands of minute young,
which effectually spread their kind
when they pass out of tho insect Into
tbe stab or pin hob- wound which it
makes in a new victim, n man or large
warmblooded animal. These carriers
aro distinguished from mere casual carriers as ' host carriers,' becnuse they
serve not meroly ns temporary transporting agents, but as homes or second
hosts in which the parasito nourishes
itsolf, grows, and multiplies."
Plague Is still In somo respects the
most elusive nnd inexplicable of diseases, according to The British Medical Journal. "Why it should remain
comparatively dormant for centuries
and suddenly spread far and wide again,
no one has attempted to explain. The
present '' pandemic'' may be dated
from 1894, whon plaguo reached Can
ton nnd Hong Kong, Since then it has
effected lodgments In fifty-one coun
tries. It has devastated India and is
now taking its heaviest toll in Manchuria. ItB failure to establish Itself
in many lands is reassuring, but should
not, our contemporary adds, convoy a
false sense of security. Plague was
present in Manchuria ten years ago. It
has never "struck hard" until this
month. Possibly the reports within the
next few weeks will indicate an amelioration—and perhaps not.
Not only England, but the whole
world, gradually forgot about plague
dnring the nineteenth contnry. It disappeared from England and also from
the whole of Western Europe (with
the exception of one subsequent outbreak nt Marseilles) between 1666 and
1681. It lingered ln Russia and the
Balkan Peninsula for more than a century afterwards, but finally vanished
from Constantinople In 1841.
"It never really vanished from Asia, i
but withdrew into remote regions,
whoro its existence in an endemic form
was either unknown or disregarded. It
lurkod In the Himilaya, in the mountains south of Mocca, in the swamps of
Mesopotamia, in tho uplands of Yunnan,
and probably in parts uf Turkestau and
tho Caucasus,"
A Little Philosophy Regarding the Invaders of the Garden and the
(By L. II. Bailey)
The city man who contemplates farm
ing always dreads the weeds. The new
farmer complains of them. The poor
fanner is possessed by them. Tho home
jjurdoner pleads for relief from them.
Even the best of* furmers find them
troublesome and sometimes almost unconquerable. The weeds ure a persistent population.
Of course, any good farmor ought to
kuow the names of the prevailing
weeds, but this knowledge is only a
means to an end, und is easily acquired;
it comes naturally with a general understanding of tho  subject.
I suppose that we may recognize a
philosophy of weeds as of anything else.
Some plants wo want ami some of them
wo do not want. Thoso that we do not
want aro weods; if thoy intrudo themselves unpleasantly, they arc bad
weeds; and there are degrees of noxiousness, depending on tho persistence
with which tho plant forces itself into
tho company of tho plants thut receive
our care and protection.
Plants that nro weeds in ono place
may not be weeds in another. June-
grass is n weed iu corn-fields, but it is
not a weed in well-regulated lawns. In
fact, half the corn plants are themselves weeds in a corn-field that contains twiec too many stalks of corn.
There are somo plants, however, that
aro weeds by profession—if the psychologists will nllow me tbe expression.
Thoy aro adapted to growing with other plants, as cockle and chess in wheat,
dandelions in lawns, daisies and buttercups in meadows. These plants have a
life-cycle similar to that of tho grain
or the grass, aad their seeds are often
so similar to the grain or the grass seed
tbat they are not easily separated. Pigweeds are well at home in rich gardens,
wide-leaved plantains und knotweed
along hard yards, nnd docks in all
good neglected plnces. These are ull enterprising plants that know how to
find an opening and take advantage of
their opportunities. Of course they
crowd nnd overrun the less hardy, less
vigorous, or less exhausted plants that
we introduce from other climates. They
are the vandals that come down from
the wild nnd unnamed places, and that
are hardened and adapted by long conflict with all other plants and with man.
They are an admirable and hearty lot.
All soils and all conditnons are conquered by these hardy invaders. Pusley
thrives on sand thut burns tbe boy's
bare feet. Narrow-leaved plantain do-
lights in soil so poor that it will not
raise good grass. Chickwoed makes a
carpet on cool rich lands in fall and
winter and spring. Bindweed elimbs
up the stems of corn nnd of bushes. Burly old burdocks occupy all tbe room
they can find. Mayweed and ragweed
appropriate whole roadsides. It makes
no difference what a man grows or
where he grows it—everywhere theBe
silent tramps discover him and make
him prove himself or quit.
I have said this much to show that
woods aro a part of the natural order of
things, Tbey are some of tbe greatly
successful plants with which the earth
is covered. Therefore, thore iB no reitac-
dy for weeds, nny more thau there is
a remedy for English sparrows or crows
or bumble bees. The man who grows
one kind of plant must oxpect to havo
Ins right contested by ns many othor
kinds of plants ns chance to find him
out. If he Ib really intent on growing
his plants, he must nccept the lontesi
and fight it out. Ho ought to feel hu
miliated if he is worsted.
The barque "Emma R. Smith"
claims the record for the longest passage between Mobile, Ala., and St.
John, N.B. She left the lntter port on
December 13th last, and the date must
have been inauspicious, as the barque
seemed to pick up all tho stray misfortunes and bad weather floating around.
At the end of the month she was forced
to put into Key WeBt with half her
canvas nnd gear blown away. After refitting she left for St. Jobn, N.B., nbout
the latter part of February, only to run
into a hurricane on March 7th and lose
bor deckload. Aftor putting into Vineyard Haven to get squared up nguio,
the barque left for her destination nnd
arrived last week. As an instance of
long sailing ship passages mny be mentioned that of the "Howard D. Troop"
—a St, John ship, which in the seventies made a passage of 6 months aud
10 dnys from 'Frisco to Falmouth, Oth
or slow passages were thoBe of the Por
tuguese barque '' Albatross''—Lisbon
to Ht. Paul de Loundu, 22.1 days; British
ship '' Denbigh Castle' '—Cardiff to
Mollendo—400 dnys; British barque
1' Buteshire' '—Panama for Columbia
River—put back into Acapulco after
being 121 days out; American bnrquen-
tine "Good News"—Philadelphia for
Tacoma—200 days; British ship "Abyssinia"—Punta Arenas to Falmouth—
216 daya.
(Canadian Century
A question often asked Ib, should a
young man change hla position overy
two or three years or should he remain
with ono institution^ This is a query
which will never be satisfactorily answered upon an individual basis. It all
depends upon the institution one Is con*
nected with, its management, future
prospectB, treatmont of employees that
have been in the service for years and
the scale of wages.. I know a grocer
who worked for one firm for ten yen's
Ie Eases Pain.—Ask any druggist or
dealer in medicines what is the most
popular of the medicinal oils for pains
in the joints, ln the muscles or nerves,
or for neuralgia and rheumatism, and
he will tell you tbat Dr. Thomas' Ec-
leetric Oil is ln greater demand than
any other.   The reason for this is that       _.   _.. _   ._
it posses greater healing qualities tban   and humid spores are placed
any ether oil, I or two from tbe quartz mere
and in all that time wns never given an
advance in salary. One day he told tho
proprietor that ho was leaving to go
into business for himself and had rented a store across the street. The clerk
was offered nearly double the amount
he was then receiving if he would give
up tho ideu of being his own bosB, but
ho wont. Can you blamo himt An
electrician remained with his employers thirty years and, although ho had
beon offered more money at least half
a dozen timeB to go with othor concerns
he refused, Baying ho would stick by
his present omployer, who had largo
contracts in hand and were declaring
big dividends. Business got slack ami
the first, man to be laid off was Kmrner-
son, who had never once shirked and
wns roadv to respond to a call nt any
hour of tho day or night, while others
who always claimed overtime when ito-
iug emergency duty, wero kept on.
Whyf I cannot tell. It would ha\e
paid Kniincrsoii to have accepted some
of those other offers made by rival concerns, hud  he only  known.
"One does not like to eee n young
man change jobs ns often as the seu-
B<ns como around." remarked 'i [tijino
manufacturer recently, "It is a mistake, aud in five years if ho doos net
exercise caution nnd good judgment a
rover will wind up In u loss remunerative situation than where ho starred.
The best advice that I cut) givo on tho
point, after a mnn has served a certain
experience, can lenrn nothing moro or
sees no chance to step higher, is for
Iiim to go to a larger field and a bigger
establishment. If a man is compoteut
and industrious, occupies n post of
deputy foreman, and the hend of that
department leaves and bc is not promoted, 1 do not think there is much future for him, nud ho would be wise in
looking for some other opening. I am
a fi.iu believer in tho system of advancement if one wishes to retain employees. If a corporation does not practice this there is not much Inducement
for the ordinary worker to remain, and
small wonder, if changes uro frequent.
That is the reason why so many factories and business houses cannot induce men to remain with them. They
hnvo too much fnith in outsiders and
strangers and overlook the often more
thoroughly equipped element thnt is
right nt hand."
A book binding enterprise wnoted a
head for its blank book department and
advertised several timos to secure a
man. The manager told me thnt his
experience wns a curious one. He had
mnny replies to his advertisement but
when ne engaged n binder to conic on in
nearly every instance he would get an
[answer: "I regret that I cannot nccept
your offer, ns I have been given an
increase by the firm that I am with, and
do not care to remove—just nt present." There are scores of applicants
for jobs every day that do not Intend
to nccept them. They apply Bimply to
have their qualifications considered nnd
then go to the house with which they
are, connected and hold them up for a
raise in pay, nnd the lever is oftou
heavy enough to pry up a few extrn
dollars per week. Thus there ure faults
on both sides, of servant and mnster,
the latter not paying what he should
and tbo former seeking, often by doubt
fui means, to make him pay more.
Within a certain limitation it is not
what an employee gets. It iB what he
saves. "When I was receiving only
fifteen dollars a week I seemed to have
moro spending money, dressed better
and wont more than I do now on many
timos thut amount," said a superintendent in a boot and shoe factory. "I
tell you that as soon as the average
man makes more ho immediately finds
his wants increasing. He launches out,
accommodates himself to n now scale of
living and thinks ho must put on more
snil. On fifteen dollars I saved four
overy weok, and, on my present income,
I hnve never laid up more-than a huu
dred dollars a year, and find it a bitter struggle even to put nside that
amount. Of course it is n duty that
a mnn owes himself and to his family to
earn as much as he can, but tho older I
grow the less I appear 'to euro for
money, bo long as I have enough to live
comfortably nnd dress respectably."
This is ono view.
The manager of a telephone exchange
in n large city, who hnd begun as a
lineman, snid that, when he wns first
married, he knew a neighbor who was
in receipt of an annua! salary of two
thousand five hundred; and he and his
wife often remarked: "I wondor how
spends it all. We could," he added, "not think of enough outlets to g<'t
rid of tnnt amount in n year. Todny 1
am paid considerably over that sum
and my wifo and I find not the slightest difficulty scattering the cash. Whv f
Wo look at things from a diametrically
opposite view point, nnd are wondering
how we get nlong nt nil and keep, the
wolf from the door. Wo seem to be
economizing nnd curtniling expenditure
in a way wo never did when I was a
lineman at two dollars and a half a
And so runs the course of human
nntnro and achievement, Tho workman
making one thousand is at a loss tn
understand how the man earning only
seven hundred liven so well, and the five
thousand dollar official cannot see how
he could exist on a penny less,   ft is a
(nirely personal problem, and no socio
ogicnl panaeea will solve it, Only indi
vidnnl habit, self-control and concop
tiona of one'a needs and requirements
will meet each ease.
they ure killed in a fow seconds. What,
theu, would bc the effect on microscopic
germ life if exposed to the ultra-violet
rays emitted by tho stars? This was
tho question which hnd to be answered
ono way or tbo other before a theory
of the origin of life on this planet, fundamental in nil discussion about science
todny, could be disposed of. Tbe brilliant Becquercl undertook tho iuvesti
nation, first selecting spores and bac
teria which tests has established as the
most difficult to kill.
To reproduce the conditions as far
as possible, they were sealed in vacuum
tubes and plunged in liquid air. The
first series of tcsls proved fatal to ntoBt
of the spores. Tlio survivors were thon
exposed to tho ultraviolet ray for a
period of six hours. To this experience
they one aud nil succumbed. It was
known that the conditions of dryaess
and extreme cold were favorable to the
life of the spores. But their weok
point has now been discovered, and M.
Becqueret concludes that the destroying
action of the rays must be taken a mini
vcrsnl. Interplanetary space being rick
in the ultraviolet rays,.it will be seen,
observes our scientific contemporary,
that Lord Kelvin's famous hypothesis
Boems to hnvo received a shock from
which it is possible it may not recover.
During the season of 1910 over three
hundred ocean vessels, aggregating
about 325,000 tons, and with crews
numbering upwards of 21,000 men,
docked at Prince Rupert—the Pacific
const terminal of tho Grand Trunk Pacific. In nddition tu this, 1,200 coasting vessels, with a tonnage amounting
to 450,000 tons nnd crows of 26.000
men, entered the new port.
A Boon For Tbe Bilious.—Tho liver
is a very sensitive orgun and easily
deranged. When this occurB there is
undue secretion of'bile nnd tho acrid
liquid flows into the stomach und sours
it. It is a most distressing ailment,
nnd many are prone to it. In this condition a man finds the best remedy in
Parmelee's Vegetable I'ills, which are
warranted to speedily correct the disorder. There is no better medicine
in the entire list of pill remedies.
Every box of OIN PILLS' is sold with
a posit ivo guarantee of money back if
they fail to give prompt reliof ana to
effect a cure if properly used.
Wo know just what GIN PILLS have
done for others aad will do for you.
We know that GIN PILLS have been
Bold in all parts of Canada for years
nnd to-day uro the most popular and
most effective kidney remedy in the
Wo know that OIN PILLS will
promptly soothe the irritated Bladder,
relieve congestion of the Kidneys, take
away the soreness in the Back and
through tho hips, und completely cure
Kidney Troublo and Rheumatism. We
positively guarantee that OIN PILLS
will do this and we pledge ourselves
to retura your money should GIN
PILLS not do all that we claim for
lity GIN PILLS on this guarantee,
backed by the largest wholesale drug
Mouse in the British Empire.
50c. a box—(i for $2,50—at dealers
or from us direct. Sample box free on
request. National Drug and Chemical
(Jo., Dept. R.P.   Toronto.
Vanishes Forever
Prompt Rdief'-Pcmueot Cm
lad.   Pweljr vegetable—ad wire'
bill t»ml/ oa
the Iim.
cweifldU ,
era.  Imt fill. -w-t^k-VMm
Genuine Mb Signature
WIKE CURED compl.nl/ bf
By providing tlmt tho ultra-violet ray
destroys the spores of organic lifo, the
eminent French physicist Becquercl—
aon of a famed physicBt nnd grandson
of yet another groat acientiat—haa juBt
exploded, "for all time," aa tho Paris
Cosmos puts it, the theory that life waa
brought to thia planet of ours from one
of the other planets. It wnn aa far
back aa 1871, to quote the words of our
PartB contemporary, thnt Sir William
Thompson advanced his celebrated hy
pothesis that lifo may in tho flrat in
ataneo have reached the globe from
meteoric sources.
The argument is porfoctly simple and
suaeeptiblc of tho briefest statement.
From thc atmoaphere of planots tho
pressure of light would carry off microscopic gomis into interstellar apace.
There they wander until some of tbem
may meet with other worlda, which in
this n»y wonld recolvo tho germs of
life. Now It is known that If bacteria
--*'•     ■■ i are placed an inch
quartz mercury lamp
$3.50 Recipe Cures
Weak Kidneys, Free
Relieves Urinary and Kidney Troubles,
Backache, Straining, Swelling,
Etc., Etc.
Stops Pain ln tbe Bladder, Kidneys and
Wouldn't It be nice within rt week or ho to
begin to nay goodbye forever to the ru-alding,
dribbling, utrnining. or too frequent passage
of urinei thfl forehead mid thn bnck-of-the-
hfiul Hchno; thn stitches nnd pains in tht
hack; thn growing muscle weakness; spots
hefore the eye*; yellow skin; sluggish bow-
clit; swollen oynlids or iiiiklcn; leg crump*;
ii ii imtu nil abort breath; sleeplessness And tbt
I hi.vti s rwip« for these trouble* that
you can depend on, aad if yoa want to matte
ii quick recovery, you ought to write and (et
a ropy nf It. Many a doetor would charge
you $.1.50 JtiHt for writing thii prescription,
but I have it nnd* will be glad to send tt to
yon entirely free. ■ Just drop mo a line like
this: llr. A. R. Rohinson, K20S6 Uck Building, Detroit, Mich., and I will fiend it by return mall Id a plain envstope. As you will
see when you get It, this recolpe contains
only   pure,   harmless   remedies,   but   It
great—heallng-and ■■paia'eoaqnerint frwwi,	
It wtll quickly show its power once yoa
use It, so I think yoa had better see what h
is without delay. I will send yoa a eopy
free—you ean nae It and cur* yourself at
home. r
Get in at Original Prices.
THE qualifying examination, 'or Third
claa. Clerk., Junior UU-k i.i!
>., i.i ^rapher. will be held at th. t Uow-
,<i ii u, . conmi■" 'ng on Mon • .v the
aru li.'j  n x   :—\t..... ii.ig, Oh lUwnuh
C uulvii Qiil.it.ji. Qmnri K rk-t Khiu-
l,i pi-, K »i, Kll..»ui, lrtltyntuitii, Man
ainio, Nelaon, Mew We.tmin.ter, Nortli
Vancouver, I'.achlaiid, Kovelatolie,U ■•-
land, Saiinun Arm, Summerlaud, Van-
couver, V.ruon, aud Victoria.
Candidate, muat be Britiah aubjeots be
tween the aV'ei uf 21 and 30, if for Third
claaa Clerk. : and between 111 and 21, if
for Junior Clerka or stenographers.
Applicfttioua will nut be accepted if re-
ceived later than ltith June next.
Further iiiformatiiiu, together with application forma, may be obtained fri<m,
the undersigned.
Registrar, Pttblio Service
Victoria, B. C, 27th. lllll. ap27
Local Agtnt for
The London & Lancashire
Fire Insurance Co.
Get rates before insuring elsewhere
Office: Cumberland
NOTICE ib hereby given that all vn-
cant Crown landa not already under reserve, (ituated wi»hili thi' bound*-
riea nf the LhimI Beoordintt Districts .-I
Oallboo and Lillooet, and the K/Hulu"|»
Division of Yale Land Rwiiding D'-'-
trict, are reserved from any alienation
under the "Land Act" except by pre-eni
Robert 4   Renwick
Deputy Minister of Land*
Department of Landa.
Victoria, B. 0., April 3rd,,  1011
stJ^hstd^jrid & eeg-isteeed
3STO-     45712
Court of Revision
have recently receive
a carload of
ami ore prepay l to (/not* you  Lowest
Prices and lit ■'  7crmn    ;   :    : _:
Give us n <*all
McPhee &
A Court of Revision will be held in
'he City Council Clmmbera on Tliuwil ..»
May 18, IHI I, Ht 7 30 p, in., fur the pua
l>ose if hearing cniupUiiiu, if any, H^aiiiH'
lie itHs.'BSiiicut nf property iu tliu City nf
Cumberland fur the yeur lfflL
Any perron or persons having cmr-
plaiut muHt give u> tica iu writing at least
m daya before the dnte of meul iny,
Albx. McKinnun, City Clerk
Cuu berUn, B.C., April 6th. 101X
NOTICK is HKKBtlV <UVKN that, tho
restrvu txnilng hy reamiu of n
nonce puhiiitheri in tbe British Colum*
bia Gat.et.te of tho 27th. <Uy of Decent-
buf, 1U0", over lantlH sluated on the
E*Ht side of Texada Island, lying to tbe.
Houth of Lot No. 2G, formerly coven*d
by limber License No. 13460, which
expired on the 7th day of May, 19'08,
is oancelledt and that the aald lauds will
be opeu for location under the provia-
i tii* of the *'Luid Act," after midnight
on June 16th. 1911*
Deputy Minister of Lunds*
Lands Department,
Victoria, B. C.
.      9th. March, 1911
Third St. * Penrith Avenue
All kinds of hauling done
First-class Rigs for Hire
Livery and team work promptly
attended to
PI'RLIC NOTICB is hereby given
tbnt, uml«r the authority contain
ed in section 131 of tbe "Land Act," a
regulation hns beeu approved by the
Lieutenant'Governor in Council in fix
ing tlic minimum sale prices of tint and
second-claaa lund* at 310 and 95 per acre
Thin regulation further provides that
tbe ptioea. fixed therein slmll apply to
ill binds with respect In wbicb lhe ap-
plication tc purchase is given favourable
uonnideration after this date, notwithstanding the date of euch application Ol
any delay that mny hnve occured in the
consideration of ibe num*,
{further notice in hereby given that
ull peiauiH wbo have pending applicat
lunn to purchase binds under the prnvi
sinus if sections 34 or3f> of the ' Lind
Act" and wbo are not willing to com
plute such purchases under the prices fixed hy the ;ii.>i'«s .id regulation ahall be
at liberty to withdraw auch application and rtceive mid refund of moneys
deposited un account of such amplications.
Minister of Lands.
Department of Lands,
Victoria, B C, April 3rd, 1911.
NOTICE ia hereby given that at the
iu xt meeting of the Board of License
Commissioners of the City uf Cumber-
land, I intend to apply for a renewal of
the hotel license hi Id by me for the
Cumberland Hotel, situated on lot 1
block <i, Cumberland Townsite,
Dated this 15th day of May, 1911.
NOTICE is her by given thnt the
next meeting of the Board of License
Commissioners of the City of Cumberland, I intend to apply for a renewal of
the hotel license held by me for the New
England Hotel, situated on the east half
of lot 3, in block 3, Cumberland Town-
Dated this 15th day of May, 1911.
Separate sealed tenders for supplying
the Union & Comox District Hospital for
one year, from June 1st, 1911 to June
1st 1912, with groceries, meat, milk and
butter. Samples of tea, coffee, cocoa,
etc., to be delivered at the hospital on or
before 27th May 1911. All tenders tc
lie be sent tu the Secretary by M-*y 27th
The lowest or any tender not nectssarily
F. J. Dalby, Secretary.
A report has been circulated in Conn x
District that Kertun Bros., built a residence f* r M s. Vans on bur ranch. W»
wish to contradict this statement and al
ho that there is no business connection,
neither has there been between Kerton
Br pb , and E, 0. Everett.
Kkktbn Bboh,
Dontitarpy ft £?„£!.
In, be sure to order your wedding invi-
ittiom at Thk Ihlandkk Office. Sample*
at this office.
A npiLMidui opportunity tor any pemon
wishing tu take over a boarding house in
"Aered liy Mi. A. I'ickup. House luo
.- iv .0 Ihimdera. A good paying boci-
. bm. t' t particulars apply to A. I'ickup, Cumberland, 11. 0.
Por Sftlfi—Olioicrt of one or two milch
cuwfl, juat newly calved. Apply to Oeo.
Davis, Union liny, 11. C.
Serd P/italoej,—Early Rochester Bom
aud E.rlj King.    Teu pounds  for  one
dultafi seven tifiy per huudrad pounds
M. Nixon,
Denman Island.
Tucs lay night
Thursday night
Saturday llight ,
Sunday, per Ci wichan 0 a.m.
Sum lay „ ion, overland
Wednesday—6.00 a,m.
Friday—6. X) a.m.
Satu duy—1.15 p.m.
Sunday, 2.15 p.m. sharp
l"?S|G:\ •Vx^flrt 'l\r."i l't,Vt"-'i .HV^' ''tiV.rV' <yi. <'1--' ttVWjYV..rV" r^'V r-r*\ ^>^g
',<^rrr-*4^'<ir< ^<v*VrVif f'■*4'^r«MK,r<i^r-*.ii^ '•*-!( ^.-^mi^5 jk
HhADQUAKlKU8  FOB      ffc
Crockery        g
Etc., etc.§§
A nice line of Iron Bedsteads^];,
sn. *• $40. *
just  arrived
M   )8OTK
The  BEST Machine  on the  Market
and sold on EASY TERMS   	
IEPSON BROS., Diatrict Agents, Nanaimo, B. O
C. Segrave,, Local Ke.)rrese.ntative, Cumberland, JI. C
Capital $6,200,000
Reserve V7,000,000
Drafts Issued In any currency, payable all over the world
highest current rates allowed on deposits or $1 and upwards
Joint Accounts may lie opened in the nnntea *>f two or mure perwitiR, to Ih> <i).t>i-ut.'il )<y nnyone of
them, iiml in ilu1 event of dentil lo he [uid tn thu eurVlvor, without any formality.
CUMBERLAND, B.C., Branch-   -   -     OPEN DAILY
H. F. Montgomery, Manager
Organs,   Gramophones
and all other Musical Instruments can be had on EASY MONTH*
FLETCHER BROS.,      Vancouver,
I Listen!
See   us  about  your
next printing job
Prints everything
Prints it   well


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items